Title: Entomology and nematology newsletter
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00066920/00131
 Material Information
Title: Entomology and nematology newsletter
Series Title: Entomology and nematology newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Publisher: Department of Entomology and Nematology, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publication Date: February 2009
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00066920
Volume ID: VID00131
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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February 2009

Faculty News

Dr. A. Charles Tarjan, UF/IFAS emeritus professor ofnematology, died in late January.

Dr. Dan Hahn was recently elected as the new 3-year member of the department's Graduate Committee.

Dr. Lukasz L. Stelinski is co-author of an article in the February 6th issue of Science magazine that shows
how the evolution of one species can drive the evolution of another. He worked with scientists at the
University of Notre Dame and Michigan State University to document what evolutionary biologists call
"cascading speciation." You can read the UF/IFAS News release at http://news.ifas.ufl.edu/storv.aspx?
id=1324 for details. The news release was also featured as a link from the main UF home page. See
Publications below for the complete citation.

Dr. James P. Cuda donated several Brazilian peppertree plants to the Florida Natural History Museum.
The plants are featured in a new display on Invasive Species in the Everglades that opened to the public
on 5 February.

Dr. James P. Cuda was an invited lecturer for the Water Biology (PHC 6937) graduate course in the
College of Public Health and Health Professions. The course provides students with an overview of
Florida's aquatic resources with a focus on biotic communities and environmental health.

Student News

Undergraduate Coordinator Dr. Carl Barfield announced that 40% of our undergraduate majors made the
Fall 2008 Dean's List. Congratulations to George Ansoanuur, Joshua Garcia, Marissa Gonzalez,
Wendy Gonzalez-Canal, Karol Krey, Craig Littauer, Hannah McKenrick, Fae Nageon de Lestang,
Nadia Palma, Daniel Pitt, Mary Reed, Andrew Taylor, and Natasha Wright.

Graduate student Maria Checa Villafuerte is the author of a new book promoting sustainable
development in western Ecuador, where less than 6% of natural forests remain and more than 75% of

people are poor. This book provides a literature review of the main deforestation factors of this area and
shows the link between poverty and natural resources exploitation (devastation?) in Ecuador. It also
presents the benefits that biocommerce of butterflies has produced in developing countries and why this is
a potential tool to promote conservation and provide economic benefits in Ecuador. Finally, it provides a
photographic guide to the butterflies from the Reserve Canande River located in western Ecuador. Written
in Spanish, the book costs US$18 and you can contact Maria for copies at mfcheca@ufl.edu. See
Publications below for details on the book.

Ph.D. student Court Whelan was featured in the latest issue of Explore, a quarterly publication that
highlights University of Florida research. The article covered Court's activities as general manager of
Expedition Travel, an agency that organizes educational trips for the Florida Museum of Natural History.
Court is studying ecotourism. His advisor is Dr. Jaret Daniels who advises students in that area as well as
in Lepidoptera. You can view the article at http://research.ufl.edu/publications/explore/current/story 6/

Ph.D. students Gaurav Goyal and Harsimran "Rosie" Gill received "Student and Young Professional
Participation Awards" for $125 and $175, respectively, for actively participating in the Entomological
Society of America (ESA) during 2008.

Alumni News

Dr. John Warner (Ph.D. 2005) owns and runs Shalom Pest Control. He recently was interviewed by a
south Florida TV station for helping to eliminate a suspected Africanized honey bee colony in a home. The
colony's comb was over 9 feet tall and nestled in the wall. You can view the station's video at http:/
shalompest. homestead.com/B interview 3Jan08 WMV.WMV.


Saarinen EV, Daniels JC, Maruniak JE. 2009. Development and characterization of polymorphic
microsatellite loci in the endangered Miami blue butterfly (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri). Molecular
Ecology Resources 9: 242-244.

Miller CW. 2008. Seasonal effects on offspring reproductive traits through maternal oviposition behavior.
Behavioral Ecology 4: 482-485.

Garcia-Maruniak A, Abd-Alla AMM, Salem TZ, Parker AG, Lietze V-U, van Oers MM, Maruniak JE,
Kim W, Burand JP, Cousserans F, Robinson AS, Vlak JM, Bergoin M, Boucias DG. 2009. Two viruses
that cause salivary gland hypertrophy in Glossina pallidipes and Musca domestic are related and form a
distinct phylogenetic clade. Journal of General Virology 90: 334-346.

Checa Villafuerte, MF. 2008. Mariposas de Canand6: sus amenazas, potential y future (Butterflies from
Canande: their threats, potential and future). Trama Editorial, Quito-Ecuador.

Forbes AA, Powell THQ, Stelinski LL, Smith JJ, Feder JL. 2009. Sequential sympatric speciation across
trophic levels. Science 323: 776-779.

Web Sites Change URLs Again?

Do you remember when all IFAS Web sites included a tilde (-) in their URL addesses? Back then URLs
looked like http://www.ifas.ufl.edu/-entnemdept/. While it simplified addresses to change them to the
http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/ format, it was still a painful process as links to other sites had to be
verified and possibly redone, as well as links within the sites themselves. Plus we still needed to notify the
world that our URLs had changed. In some cases, even some of our county Extension office Web sites
continued to carry the old URLs years later.

Now it is all happening again. Fortunately, it will not be as painful this time around. Steve Lasley, our
department's Senior Systems Programmer, is working with the people at IFAS Computer Support to make
this change as painless as possible. Plus, the old URLs will continue to redirect people to the new URLs
for at least a year, if not longer. If you have an entomology or nematology Web site in IFAS you have
probably already received an e-mail from Steve outlining the process. In addition, with the help of
software, Steve has undertaken all the work of redoing links on your sites to other sites. Even on very large
sites, such as Featured Creatures, Steve completed the process of changing the URLs in a matter of hours,
when it took me days the last time around.

The new URLs will combine Web sites under appropriate Department and REC names unless they are
determined to be IFAS-level sites. See the IFAS Internal Management Memo at http://imm.ifas.ufl.
edu/6 150/6150-6.htm for details. For example, most of our sites will now come under the http://
entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/ URL, as in http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/news/ for the currently existing
department newsletter site at http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/news/. However, most sites will be further
grouped under the owner's name, as in http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/fasulo/pests/. Only department-
level sites, such as http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/creatures/, will exclude the owner's name. Steve hopes
to complete the entire process by the end of February.

In any case, it is an excellent Web site design practice to make the links within your Web site "relative."
This means that links to other files within your site do not use the http:// code, but use other codes that link
within folders, or up or down to other folders. For example, to link to a file within the same folder, you
would not use http://site/foldername/filenname, but would simply use filename. To move to a file in
another folder, use periods, slashes and, if necessary, the folder name. Some examples:

to link to a file in the next upper folder, use ../filename;
to move to the next lower folder, use foldername/filename;
to link to a file up one folder and down one folder, use ../foldername/filename;

. To move up two folders and down one folder, use ../../foldername/filename.

You get the idea. Then the next time IFAS or UF changes all the URLs, and it will happen some day, you
will not have to worry if the links within your site work. Your only concern will be for those links that go
outside your site. And someone else, like Steve, probably will do that work for you. I have used this design
practice since the last time URLs changed, and now that they are changing again, I am 99% confident that
my sites will work properly. Thomas R. Fasulo

Meetings and Presentations

Dr. Christine W. Miller was an invited speaker and participant for the 32nd Annual Winter Animal
Behavior Meeting held in Steamboat Springs, CO, 25-30 January 2008. Dr. Miller spoke on "Sexual
selection in heterogeneous environments."


Dr. Rebecca Baldwin, Dr. Faith Oi and Allen Fugler (Florida Pest Management Association) received an
Entomological Foundation educational mini-grant for $2,100 to develop a Success with Pests: Insects
Helpful or Harmful educational program for grades 1-5. This program will be presented in 80 elementary
classrooms throughout the state by August. For more information about the program, visit http://flpma.

The department's Outreach Committee (Dr. Rebecca Baldwin, Sharon Clemmenson, Dr. Jaret Daniels,
Dr. Jamie Ellis chair, Thomas Fasulo) received a $3,460 4-H Foundation Grant to revitalize the
Florida Bug Club Web site at http://entomologv.ifas.ufl.edu/bug club. Dr. Denise Thomas, a recent
graduate of the Doctor of Plant Medicine program who worked for Florida IPM in our department, was
hired to direct this work through March, when she will be leaving to begin her civilian job with the U.S.
Navy in Virginia.

Ph.D. student Gaurav Goyal received a Graduate Student Council travel grant for $250 to present his
research at ESA's Southeastern Branch meeting in Alabama, 8-11 March 2009. He also received travel
grants from Florida Entomological Society ($200), IFAS ($200) and matching funds from department
($200) to assist in presenting his research at the 2008 ESA meeting.

Ph.D. student Harsimran "Rosie" Gill received travel grants from the Florida Entomological Society
($220), IFAS ($200) and Graduate Student Council ($250) to assist in presenting her research at the 2008
ESA meeting.

The Natural Area Teaching Laboratory (NATL) is soliciting student grant proposals for projects that
enhance the information infrastructure of the NATL or improve access to what is already known. The

deadline is 13 Feburary. Details are at http://natl.ifas.ufl.edu/minigrants.htm The grant is for $500 and you
can contact Dr. Thomas Walker for assistance in preparing the proposal.

Dr. James P. Cuda received a $1,000 travel grant from the UF/IFAS Center for Tropical Agriculture to
attend the 1st International Congress on Biological Invasions in Fuzhou, China, 2-6 November.

Florida State Fair Insects as Food

The Florida Entomological Society is sponsoring Insect Encounters at the State Fair in Tampa, FL during
February 5-16, 2009. Come to the Agricultural Hall of Fame at the state fairgrounds to visit insect displays
staffed by the University of Florida Entomology and Nematology Department, the Florida Department of
Agriculture Division of Plant Industry, the USDA Center for Medical and Veterinary Entomology, the
Florida School IPM Program, The McGuire Center for Lepidoptera, the Florida Pest Management
Association, and more. Displays will include information about entomophagy, which is the use of insects
as food, honey production in Florida, and invasion and management of fire ants. We will have termite
farms, insect displays, insect eating demonstrations, and much, much more. Don't miss Insect Encounters
at the state fair.


Dr. James P. Cuda and his staff hosted a laboratory tour on 2 February for gifted high school students
participating in the Junior Science, Engineering and Humanities Symposium. The annual Symposium is
sponsored by the University's Center for Precollegiate Education and Training.


Six-Legged Soldiers: Using Insects as Weapons of War, by Dr. Jeffrey Lockwood of the University of
Wyoming, is a recent release of Oxford University Press. A short interview and a brief excerpt are
available at http://rorotoko.com/index.php/article/jeffrey lockwood book interview six-legged soldiers.

In October 2008, British scientists identified Phobaeticus chani as the longest insect in the world. The new
species of walking stick measures 22 inches long with its legs fully extended. You can view a photograph
of it at http://www.time.com/time/specials/2008/top 10/article/0,30583,1855948 1864552 1864545,00.
htm. Dr. Tom Walker's University of Florida Web site on Insect Records previously listed another
walking stick, Pharnacia serratipes, as the longest insect, at just under 22 inches.

New insight into how bees see could improve artificial intelligence systems. See http://www.sciencedaily.
com/releases/2009/01/090123101211.htm for details.

One, two, three, many. Honey bees can tell the difference between different numbers at a glance. See http://
www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090127202103.htm for details.

Attack of the Giant Locusts! Scientists have determined that a chemical in the brain turns tiny groups of
sweet, little grasshoppers into humongous swarms of evil, crop-eating locusts. See http://www.sciencedaily.
com/releases/2009/01/090129140845.htm for details. Some useful advice I gleaned from the article: never
tickle the hind legs of a locust for two hours. You won't like what happens. If you find the article
interesting, you can also read Locust: The Devastating Rise and Mysterious Disappearance of the
Insect that Shaped the American Frontier by Jeffrey Lockwood.

Could solar powered butterfies solve our energy crisis? See http://www.sciencedailv.com/
releases/2009/02/090204170548.htm for details.

Some Site Statistics

During 2008, the Featured Creatures Web site at http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/creatures/ recorded
2,128,464 distinct visitors who opened 4,845,648 HTML pages. At this time, Featured Creatures contains
440 publications on arthropods and other organisams.

During 2008, the Pest Alert Web site at http://pestalert.ifas.ufl.edu/ recorded 119,662 distinct visitors who
opened 289,175 HTML pages, and downloaded 100,266 PDF files.

A "distinct visitor" is defined as an individual visitor during a specific period of time that is initiated when
the visitor arrives at the site, and ends when the browser is closed or there is a period of inactivity of 30

Bug Quote

"Nature makes the locust with an appetite for crops; man would have made him with an appetite for sand."
- Mark Twain


Many comic Web sites limit the length of time a panel appears to just 30 days. Others may require you to
register to view previous panels, which you may not wish to do. In either case, the sooner you visit the site,
the greater chance you have to view the following:

Teaching Assistant Guidelines for grading homework: http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?

How to obtain funding during hard times: http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=91

Newsletter Minutiae

Thomas Fasulo is the newsletter editor. Departmental faculty, staff, students and alumni can submit news
anytime to fasulo@ufl.edu. Issues usually are published by early mid-month. Submit items for an issue by
the 7th of that month.

UF-Bugnews-L listserv subscribers receive notices when issues are posted on the on the newsletter Web
site at http://entmology.ifas.ufl.edu/news/, which has instructions for subscribing and unsubscribing.
Pam Howell and Nancy Sanders review the newsletter for errors. Thomas Fasulo does the HTML coding.

In the last 12 months, the newsletter Web site recorded 51,392 visitor sessions, 96,075 HTML page views
and 11,111 PDF downloads.

February 2009.

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