Professor Emeritus Malcolm T. Sanford
participated in the 15th Brazilian
Beekeeping Congress held in Natal, Brazil.
He reports that Brazilian beekeeping is
undergoing a revolution provoked by the
coming together of a number of events;
advances in managing the Africanized
honey bee, interest by Brazil's innovative
recognition that the northeast and its sertao
is the frontier of Brazil rather like Texas was
the frontier in the U.S. He reports that
another beekeeping congress is scheduled
for Paraguay in September: See
The Caribbean Agricultural Research and
Development Institute (CARDI) invited Dr.
Marjorie Hoy to visit Jamaica, 24-29 May,
and provide information on the biological
control of brown citrus aphids and the Asian
citrus psylla. She toured citrus groves and
presented a talk at the Psyllid Training
Workshop and a technical seminar on
Biological Control of the Brown Citrus
Aphid and Asian Citrus Psyllid.
Negotiations with the candidate offered the
Insect Physiologist position are completed
and the candidate has accepted. However,
the department has not received the official
approval from the Deans' offices as yet, so
we can't officially announce the name of our
newest faculty member. Maybe next month.
Meanwhile, our search for candidates for the
Veterinary Entomologist position
continues. See the departmental Web site at
http://entnemdept.ifas.ufl.edu/ for details.
Dunford JC, Barbara KA. (May 2004).
Hieroglyphic moth, Diphtherafestiva (F.).
UF/IFAS Featured Creatures. EENY-326.
Meeker, JR. (May 2004). Southern pine
coneworm, Dioryctria amatella (Hulst).
UF/IFAS Featured Creatures. EENY-325.
Persad A, Hoy MA. 2004. Predation by
Solenopsis invicta and Blattella asahinai on
Toxoptera citricida parasitized by
Lysiphlebus testaceipes and Lipolexis
oregmae on citrus in Florida. Biological
Control 30: 531-537.
Persad AB, Jeyaprakash A, Hoy MA.
2004. High-fidelity PCR assay discriminates
between immature Lipolexus oregmae and
Lysiphlebus testaceipes (Hymenoptera:
U _\ I %T R S I TY OFlle~
Aphidiidae) within their aphid hosts. Florida
Entomologist 87: 18-24.
Edwards GB. (May 2004). A cribellate
spider, Metaltella simoni (Keyserling).
UF/IFAS Featured Creatures. EENY-322.
Stange LA. (March 2004). Applesnails of
Florida, Pomacea spp. UF/IFAS Featured
Creatures. EENY-323. http://creatures.ifas
Walker TJ, Moore TE. (May 2004).
Cicadas of Florida. UF/IFAS Featured
Creatures. EENY-327. http://creatures.ifas.
Florida Society Meeting
The 87th annual meeting of the Florida
Entomological Society is scheduled for 25-
28 July, 2004, in Fort Lauderdale, FL, in
conjunction with the 5th International
Caribbean Conference. Meeting highlights
include six symposia (Whitefly-Plant
Interactions, Weed Biocontrol, Pests of the
Caribbean, Insect Genetics, Urban Pest
Management, and Coccoidea), student
competition, submitted papers, posters, and
much more. (As in, don't forget the world-
famous garlic crabs at The Rustic Inn in
nearby Hollywood, FL. Its parking lot also
became famous as one of the infestation
sites of an exotic termite, Nasutitermes
costalis since eradicated. See the
entry for 05/21/04)
The registration deadline for group rates at
the Radisson Bahia Mar Beach Resort
(800-531-2478) is 6 July, 2004. Detailed
meeting and hotel information is available at
Fall Seminar: ENY 6934, Section 4571, 1
credit, "Designer Insects", or Transgenic
Insects for Pest Management Programs:
Ecological, Ethical, Social and Logistic
Issues. Students can participate in this
seminar even if they do not have prior
experience in molecular genetics. Contact
Dr. Hoy, Room 3111, ext. 153 or
The Torre-Bueno Glossary of
Entomology defines benthos as "in
freshwater and marine ecosystems, the
collection of organisms attached to or
resting on the bottom sediments." And for
several days in early May, the Florida
Association of Benthologists resided in our
departmental ecosystem by hosting a
workshop on aquatic Hemiptera in one of
our teaching labs. Association president
Palmer D. Kinser, Jr. wrote a very nice
letter expressing his Association's gratitude
for the use of our facilities and praising our
staff for accommodating the Association's
Meetings and Presentations
Dr. Julio Medal attended the 15th
International Plant Protection Congress 11-
16 May in Beijing, China, and presented an
invited paper on "Biological Control of
Solanum viarum in the USA: Current Status
and Perspectives." Dr. James Cuda co-
authored the presentation.
Dr. Julio Medal was an invited speaker at
the Tropical Soda Apple Task Force
semi-annual meeting in Tifton, Georgia,
during May. He gave an update on "The
Mass Rearing and Post-release Evaluations
of the South-American Leaf-beetle Gratiana
boliviana (Chrysomelidae), the First
Biocontrol Agent Released in Florida to
Control Tropical Soda Apple."
Dr. Julio Medal attended a joint meeting of
the 6th Annual Southeast Exotic Pest Plant
Council and the 19th Annual Florida Exotic
Pest Plant Council in Pensacola Beach, FL,
28-30 April. He gave a paper on "Tropical
Soda Apple in Florida: One Beetle Released,
Four more coming." The presentation was
co-authored by Drs. James Cuda, Bill
Overholt, and Philip Stansly
Dr. Oscar Liburd presented a paper entitled
"Evaluation of Monitoring Techniques for
Detecting Cranberry Tipworm in Rabbiteye
and Southern Highbush Blueberries" at the
International Symposium on Vaccinium
(blueberry) Culture held in Portugal and
Spain. The first part of the meeting that
included the opening ceremony dealt mainly
with production issues was held in Portugal,
while the second part of the meeting dealing
with insect pests and diseases was held in
Spain. About 200 participants, including
scientists, growers, and consultants from
around the world, attended the meeting.
(Note: cranberry tipworm is known in
Florida as the "blueberry gall midge," but
the latter is not the correct common name.)
Skipping a M.S.
In May, the faculty continued discussion of
a proposal from the Department Graduate
Committee that affects graduate students.
The proposal was for direct admission from
the B.S. into the Ph.D. program or transfer
into the Ph.D. program from the M.S.
without first completing the M.S. The
Graduate Committee felt that these
admissions should be restricted to the very
best students (i.e., top 5-10%) and that there
should be a formal policy on which to base
these admission decisions. The committee
proposed the following criteria for direct
admission or pre-M.S. transfer into the
1) Undergraduate GPA at least 3.5
2) GRE Verbal + Quantitative at least 1250
3) GRE Biology Subject Exam 80th
percentile or above
4) Previous research experience (e.g.,
undergraduate thesis, published paperss,
presentation or poster at scientific
5) Clear and focused statement of intent
(professional goals and research area)
6) Strong letters of recommendation
7) Strong support from Dissertation advisor
for student to go straight into the Ph.D.
The GPA and GRE scores selected were
approximately minimum scores required of
students who are nominated for the CALS
Presidential and Alumni fellowship awards
as these are students who are admitted to the
Ph.D. program without a M.S.
Questions were raised about accepting
students without a B.S. in a scientific field.
However, current admittance policy requires
that students pass the GRE Biology Subject
in the 80 percentile or above which shows
that they have some scientific background.
Also, faculty felt that students in this
program need to have some previous
research experience. Students would be
admitted only after meeting all the criteria
and upon the approval of the Graduate
Committee. The faculty voted to accept this
proposal. The above is only an overview and
specific rules will be provided by the
department's Student Services office.
Ph.D. Qualifying Exams
Another topic at the May faculty meeting
concerned Ph.D. qualifying exams. Many
students are delaying these exams until near
the end of their stay here. The Graduate
Catalog states that these exams may be
taken during the third semester beyond the
B.S. degree, but there must be a minimum of
two semesters between the oral portion of
the exams and the date of the degree. A
student may satisfy the last part of this
requirement by taking the oral exam before
the midpoint of the semester prior to the one
in which she/he graduates. The Graduate
Committee believes that taking the exams at
such a late date defeats the purpose of the
exams. The Qualifying Examination is
intended to determine whether the student is
qualified by training and experience to
conduct the research proposed for his/her
dissertation. It is not intended as an exit
examination. These exams are intended to
discover the strengths and weaknesses of the
student's knowledge relevant to entomology
and to the topic under investigation for the
dissertation. The Qualifying Examination
can, if approved by the supervisory
committee, be taken before all course work
has been completed.
The Graduate Committee is proposing that
students complete their qualifying exams by
no later than the fifth semester in the Ph.D.
program (counting summers). If approved,
this requirement will be placed in the
Department Graduate Handbook. The
Graduate Coordinator and Academic Office
will then monitor the student's progress, and
if this deadline is not met, the student will
be required to petition the Graduate
Committee to be allowed to register.
Faculty expressed concerns that the decision
to allow the student to register would be
decided by the Graduate Coordinator alone.
However, the student must petition the
Graduate Committee, and the Committee
would make the final decision. A suggestion
was made to begin this requirement with
students admitted in the fall of 2003. Faculty
were in general agreement with the concept,
but it was sent back to the Graduate
Committee for a formal proposal.
Related to these concerns was a suggestion
by Dr. Pauline Lawrence for students to
present their research proposals to the
department at the beginning of their
program and again at the end as their exit
seminar. Some faculty stated that this is
done in departments at other universities. In
fact, our Nematology students are already
doing this as these students are required to
take a seminar course during their first
spring semester. Dr. Marjorie Hoy will take
this suggestion back to the Graduate
Committee so it could recommend some
Keeping You Posted
Last year, faculty requested that the
newsletter carry announcements about new
poster displays, and their location within the
department. The last such information
received was in December. Therefore, the
usual request for such is being discontinued,
but announcements will be made in the
future if information is provided.
Insects Are Essential
A story in the June, 2004 issue of Discovery
magazine is entitled, "Why insects are vital
to human survival." You can view a copy of
the article online at http://www.discover.
Dr. Julio M. Arias-Rever6n, a graduate
student from 1989 to1995 under the
supervision of Dr. Harold Browning,
recently joined the faculty at the School of
Agronomy, Universidad de Costa Rica. He
has a full time, tenure-accruing appointment
and he will be teaching undergraduate and
graduate courses in agro-ecology and the
use of computers in agriculture, as well as
fulfilling research and extension
responsibilities. Dr. Arias-Rever6n may be
Erika Andersen (M.S. graduate student) is
our current Insect Outreach Program
Coordinator. You can contact her at 352-
392-1901 or UFBugs@ifas.ufl.edu for
information and scheduling. Recent
On Sunday, May 16th, at 8:30 am, a new TV
20 (ABC affiliate, cable channel 7)
children's show, The Learning Castle
featured UF/IFAS Entomology &
Nematology. Erika Andersen was a guest on
the show and there were several video clips
filmed from around the department!
"A solitary ant, afield, cannot be considered
to have much of anything on his [sic] mind.
four ants together, or ten, encircling a dead
moth on a path, begin to look more like an
idea. [But] it is only when you observe the
dense mass of thousands of ants...
blackening the ground that you begin to see
the whole beast, and now you observe it
thinking, planning, calculating. It is an
intelligence, a kind of live computer, with
crawling bits for its wits." from The Lives
of a Cell by Lewis Thomas
Pardon Our Mess
It is hard to believe we moved into this "new
building" 13 1/2 years ago. But it is long
enough for UF/IFAS to feel the building
needs a face lift. Over the next few months,
workmen will be busy in the corridors
replacing the carpet and painting the walls.
Thomas Fasulo is author or co-author of a
large number of computer-verified tutorials
distributed by the UF/IFAS Extension
Bookstore. The tutorials provide training to
various industries (urban pest control,
ornamental and lawn, agriculture, etc.),
CEUs to licensed pesticide applicators for
recertification, and state-required training to
technicians and ID card holders in Florida.
Pest control companies in other states report
to Tom that they also use them for training.
In addition, three other states (Arizona,
Vermont and West Virginia) authorize most
of the CDs for CEUs. Recently, Tom pulled
out his high-tech lead pencil and calculated
that just in 2003 the Bookstore sold 666
(Just a coincidence folks!) of his CD-ROMs
to generate over $15,000. Seventy percent
was returned to Tom and his cooperators to
support software development. For more
information on this software see the
UF/IFAS Buggy Software Web site at
This popular UF/IFAS Department of
Entomology and Nematology and FDACS
Division of Plant Industry Web site is
available at http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/.
New files are added every month and older
files are updated as information becomes
available. Looking for some exposure for
you and your favorite creature? During the
last 12 months, the Featured Creatures Web
site recorded 1,327,976 distinct visitors and
2,456,562 page views.
New text and/or photographs were added to
the publications on: lobate lac scale (major
revision), la escama lobada de laca, red
imported fire ant, granulate ambrosia beetle,
beet armyworm, lesser cornstalk borer, pea
leafminer, melonworm, corn earworm,
Florida predatory stink bug, giant bark
aphid, ash whitefly, Camaenidae snails of
Florida, varroa mite (major revision),
diaprepes root weevil, slugs of Florida
(major revision), and the large canna
Thomas Fasulo is the newsletter editor.
Please send submissions to him at
email@example.com. Issues are published about
the middle of each month. Items for each
month's issue should be sent no later than
the 7th of that month.
Printed copies are distributed only within
Building 970. A notice is sent to all those on
UF-Bugnews-1 listserv when HTML and
PDF copies are posted on the newsletter
Web site at http://entnews.ifas.ufl.edu/,
which contains instructions for subscribing
and unsubscribing to the listserv. Andy
Koehler does the coding for the HTML
During the last twelve months, the
newsletter Web site recorded 36,131 distinct
visitors and 60,632 page views. The
newsletter listserv has 243 subscribers.