Citation
Bewick's Select fables of Æsop and others.

Material Information

Title:
Bewick's Select fables of Æsop and others. 1. Fables extracted from Dodsley's ; 2. Fables with reflections in prose and verse ; 3. Fables in verse ; to which are prefixed the life of Æsop, and An essay upon fable by Oliver Goldsmith ; faithfully reprinted from the rare Newcastle edition published by T. Saint in 1784
Creator:
Aesop ( Aesop )
Bewick, Thomas, 1753-1828 ( Engraver )
Pearson, Edwin ( Author of introduction )
Goldsmith, Oliver, 1730?-1774
Bickers & Son ( Publisher )
James Ballantyne and Co ( Printer )
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
Bickers & Son
Manufacturer:
Ballantyne and Company
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
xl, 312 p. : ill. ; 20 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Children -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature ( lcsh )
Children's stories ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1885 ( lcsh )
Fables -- 1885 ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1885
Genre:
Children's stories ( lcsh )
Fables ( rbgenr )
Spatial Coverage:
England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )

Notes

General Note:
Includes index.
General Note:
Title page and frontispiece printed in single ruled red line.
Funding:
Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
Statement of Responsibility:
with original wood engravings by Thomas Bewick, and an illustrated preface by Edwin Pearson.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections (special@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002464200 ( ALEPH )
AMG9588 ( NOTIS )
18461913 ( OCLC )

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\| The Baldwin Library
University
RmB x
Florida



BEWICK’S SELECT FABLES.





, ~

_ Is not the earth
With various living creatures, and the air
Replenished, and all those at thy command
To come and play before thee? Knowest thau not
Their language and their ways? They also know,
And reason not contemptibly : with these ©
Find pastime.”

—Paradise Lost, b. viii. 1. 370.

The above appeared on the titles of both the 1776 and 1784 editions 07
“SELecT Fases,” 7. Saint, Newcastle-upon- Tyne.








“sap Lag he eet ens ecmapaee wpaeelae 8 waste ct perttit







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fa









Bewick’s Select Fables

OF Z4ESOP AND OTHERS.
dn Three Parts.

I. FABLES EXTRACTED FROM DODSLEV’S.
IT, Fasres with REFLECTIONS IN PROSE AND VERSE.

LTT, FasLes IN VERSE.
TO WHICH ARE PREFIXED

THE LIFE OF 42SOP, AND AN ESSAY UPON FABLE
BY OLIVER GOLDSMITH.

faithfully Reprinted from the Rare Newcastle Edition published
by T. SAINT 77 1784.

With the Original Wood Engrabings by Thomas Bebvich,
AND AN

Allustrates Preface by Edhoin Penrson.



LONDON:
BICKERS & SON, 1 LEICESTER SQUARE, W.C.





PRINTED BY BALLANTYNE AND COMPANY
EDINBURGH AND LONDON





PREFACE TO 1871 EDITION.



N the various periods of the world’s history men
have appeared who were gifted with greater
powers of mind and intelligence than the majority
_ of the people in whose age they lived, who, by
becoming the preceptors or teachers of the masses,
evidently fulfilled the designs of the Creator, by pro-
moting civilisation and happiness, by unity of thought
and knowledge. Such men were sop, William
Shakespeare, Fielding, Scott, and many others, and
later, in our own time, Thackeray and Charles Dickens.
One of the most ancient and interesting methods of
conveying instruction was by the art of Fable,
Allegory, or Parable.
Fable is an ingenious method of conveying advice
and instruction, without seeming so to do, by a
diverting little narrative, which, attracting atten-



viil PREFACE.



tion, irresistibly chains it till the moral is imper-
ceptibly rooted in the mind, there to influence, for
the Jetter it may be, all future actions of importance.
At sop was, and is, the most favourite of Fabulists,.
of whom a fair and goodly succession have since
appeared; but still Ae maintains, and will continue
to maintain the foremost place in literature as a
writer of instructive and entertaining Fables. We
here reprint an edition comparatively unknown in
the present generation, illustrated by the graver of
Bewick, and arranged by the pen of Goldsmith.
Bewick and Goldsmith’s early works are com-
paratively unknown to the literary and reading
world. We all know that Bewick designed and
engraved the inimitable “ British Quadrupeds,”
“ Birds,” “Fables,” &c, and that Goldsmith wrote
the “Vicar of Wakefield,” “Traveller,” ‘ Deserted
Village,” &c. but what do we know of their early
works—the progressive steps by which they attained
their wondrous and well-earned celebrity? It has.
been the pleasing pursuit of the writer (for some
years) to search for, and rescue from destruction and
oblivion, all possible eardy works of Bewick and
Goldsmith, The result has exceeded his most
sanguine expectations. He has discovered at least
twenty little works written by Goldsmith during his
weary hours of adversity, all bearing strong internal
evidence of the author’s mind and style. (A work
on this subject is preparing for the press, profusely
illustrated with original woodcuts, &c.) The ‘early.
editions of the present work were printed by T.



PREFACE. "ix



Saint, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. We will here give
a very brief resumé of Bewick’s earliest works (pub-
lished by Saint), with a few woodcuts: from the
original blocks, thus illustrating. the progressive
Stages of pictorial fine art by which Thomas Bewick
succeeded in producing the wood-engravings which
embellish the present volume, of which (edit. thee
Jackson, in his work on wood-engraving (1861,
480), says :—

“He (Bewick) scien improved as his talents
were exercised ; for the cuts in the “ Select Fables,”
1784, are generally much superior to those in “ Gay’s
Fables,” 1779, The animals are better drawn and
engraved; the sketches of landscape in the back-
grounds are more natural; and the engraving of
the foliage of the trees and bushes is not unfre-
quently scarce inferior to that of his later produc-
tions.”

Jackson gives three examples of these Fable cuts
in his work, at pp. 480, 503 (“ Wood-Engravings,”
1861). Thomas Bewick was apprenticed to R.
Beilby, October 1, 1767, It is probable that the cuts
given in next page are among the very first engraved
by Thomas Bewick during his apprenticeship, and
were used in “A New Invented Horn Book,” also
in “ Battledores,” “ Primers,” and “ Reading Easies,”
He then executed the diagrams for Hutton on
Mensuration, 4to, 1770. One of the cuts is given
in “Jackson” (p. 475), a representation of St
Nicholas’ celebrated steeple. This is the first £nozz
pictorial attempt of Bewick’s.



PREFACE.









PREFACE. x1





Facsimile of Bewick’s cut, St Nicholas’ Steeple, Newcastle, 1770.

No doubt coarse cuts were done by Bewick about
this time for Jocal Ballads, Broadsides, Garlands, and
Histories.

The next recognised work J. discovered myself,
the “New Lottery-Book of Birds and Beasts, for
Children to learn their Letters by, as soon as they
can speak” (Saint, 1771, 32mo, bds. and gilt). Two
of the cuts follow.



The “Child’s Tutor” (Saint, 1772-73, square 24mo),





xii PREFACE.





cuts, with verses, &c., by Oliver Goldsmith, The fol-
lowing is undoubtedly by the Poet’s hand :—* The
Lilliputian Magazine; or, the Young Gentleman and
Lady’s Golden Library, being an attempt to mend
the World, to render the Society of Man more ami-
able, and to establish the Plainness, Simplicity,
Virtue, and Wisdom of the Golden Age, so much
celebrated by the Poets and Historians—

‘ Man in that age no rule but Reason knew,
And with a native bent did Good pursue ;
Unfore’d by Punishment, unaw’d by Fear,
His Words were Simple and his Sotil Sincere.’ ”

(T. Saint, circa 1772, carly Bewick woodcuts, 144 pp.
24mo.) The verse and title bear the undoubted im-
press of his genius and style. Oliver Goldsmith
wrote it for J. Newbery, of London, but, as I shall
show in my larger work on this subject, there was
an arrangement between them by which Saint re-
printed many of his (Newbery’s) little books ‘for
the North-Country trade. We then have “Moral -
Instructions of a Father to his Son,” comprehend-
ing the whole system of Morality, &c, &c.; and
“Select Fables,” extracted from Dodsley, ‘and others,
adorned with emblematical cuts, 12mo0, T. Saint,
Newcastle, 1772 and 1775. ‘This, then, is one of the
jirst works of Saint’s we have seen containing cuts
of Fables,

Having a doubt respecting the cuts of this. rare
book, I took my copy to Miss Bewick (Jan. 1867),
and inquired of her if they were engraved by her
father. She kindly gave me the following authentic

a



PREFACE, ” xfil



information :-—“ The cuts were engraved by Thomas



‘* Moral Instructions,” 1772, and “Select Fables,” 1776.

Bewick in the first year of hiS apprenticeship
(1767-68), excepting the cut of a ship at sea, p.
167. This was engraved by David Martin, Bewick’s
fellow-apprentice, Bewick at this time disliking to
represent ‘water.” This, then, sets all doubt at
rest respecting the cuts in an “ Aésop’s Fables,”
“Gay’s Fables,” &c., &c., published by Saint about
this date, in which the same and similar cuts. were
used. The following, used in “Gay,” is evidently





Bewick’s first attempt at the subject | for which he
afterwards gained a premium.



xiv ; PREFACE.



The next is the first edition of the present volume,
“Select Fables” (T. Saint, Newcastle, 1776). In three
Parts. Part I, After the Manner of Dodsley’s.
Part I]. Fables with Reflections. Part III. Fables
in Verse. To which are prefixed the Life of Asop ;
and An Essay upon Fable—(same Verse and
Vignette, as in the 2d Edition, of 1784), Contain-
ing one hundred and fourteen cuts, zzcluding those





“Select Fables,” Asop, &c. (Saint, 1776).

mentioned in the “Moral Instructions,” described .
above, and fourteen larger and much superior cuts,
with borders, afterwards used with others in “ Gay’s
Fables,” printed by T. Saint, in 1779, The same
vignette appears on the title asin the Second Edition
of this Book in 1784, It also has a copperplate
frontispiece, “R. Beilby delint. et sculpt.” 12mo,
211 pages, 2 pages of Index, &c. (notice the varia-
tions in the Zztle, &c., to the 1784 edition). The only
copy of this edition (1776) I ever had, or saw, is now
in the unique collection of E. B. Jupp, Esq., who has
kindly lent the block for the Frontispiece to the pre-



PREFACE. ' "oxy





sent Edition. It was engraved for “The Beauties of
fEsop” (Kendal, circa 1800-22), by Thomas Bewick,
and is somewhat like Beilby’s copperplate frontis-
piece to 1776 Edition, but infinitely zmproved. It
contains about seventy delineations of animal and
bird life, &c. (see the tailpiece at page 122 of present
edition, extremely like in arrangement, execution,
&c.), while the portrait of Aésop is certainly the most
reasonable { have yet seen in examining the numerous
editions which have passed through my hands,

About this time, 1773 to 1776, many works issued
from Saint’s press—“ Robinson Crusoe,’ “ Watt’s
Songs,” Oliver Goldsmith’s “Tommy Trip” (see my
reprint, of 1867), “Goody Two Shoes,” “Golden
‘Toy or Fairing,” “Tom Telescope’s Newtonian
Philosophy,” “Tommy Tagg’s Poems,” and zzmerous
others. Examples of cuts follow.







Similar to “ Tommy Trip” series of Cuts.



XVI

PREFACE.









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ee
sc





























































































fee renters
ueranie scan a
erate
reve

ITY





PREFACE. xvil



i

( A it






G
= lise





















A New Edition of ‘Tommy Tagg,” with sixty cuts, will shortly be printed.
(Specimen of the Woodcuts.)

We now reach a period to which Bewick himself
thus refers at pages 59, 60 of his “ Memoirs” (Long-
man, 1862) :—“ We were occasionally applied to by
(local) printers to execute woodcuts for them...

b



xviii PREFACE.



Orders were received for cuts for Children’s Books,
chiefly for Thomas Saint, printer, Newcastle, and
successor of John White, who had rendered himself





** Story-Teller.”

famous for his numerous publications of histories and
old ballads. ... My time now became greatly taken
up with designing and cutting a set of wood blocks



PREFACE, xix



for the ‘Story-Teller7 ‘Gay’s Fables, and ‘Select
Fables, together with cuts of a similar kind for,
printers.”

The following are among those referred to by
Bewick:—-“ Youth’s Instructive and Entertaining
Story-Teller, being a Choice Collection of Moral
Tales, Chiefly deduced from real Life, calculated to
enforce the Practice of Virtue, and expand every
social Idea in the Human heart. Adorned with
emblematical cuts from the most interesting part of
each Tale, and methodised after the Plan recom-
mended by the late ingenious Dr Goldsmith. To
which is added, by way of Preface, Thoughts on the
Present Mode of Education.” (Newcastle, T. Saint.)
Three Editions, czvca 1774-7-8, 12mo, thirty-seven
woodcuts. The cuts in this book are larger than any
in the preceding books, We give the cut at page 48





























































































































of a Shipwrecked Sailor kneeling on a rock saying



XxX PREFACE.



his prayers, the tide rising around him, which is the
first and earliest engraving of this subject by T.
Bewick, afterwards one of his favourite Vignettes in
the “British Birds.” The others are all about the size
of the cuts in “Gay’s Fables,” 1779, or “Select
_ Fables,” 1784, and have similar borders.







“ Bob Easy.”

“Jackson” refers to this and the following two
works :—-“ Gay’s Fables.” Fables by the late Mr
Gay, in One Volume complete, Newcastle, printed
by and for T. Saint, 1779, 12mo, 77 cuts of Fables,
with borders and 33 Vignettes; for the tasteful and
clever engraving of five of the cuts (one, the Hunts-
man and Old Hound*) the Royal Society of Arts
presented Bewick with their medal; z¢ zs further
embellished with a beautifully engraved . Frontispiece,
by R. Beilby (T. Saint, Newcastle, 1779). We give

* An impression is given in “‘ Jackson,” at page 477 (Edition 1861,
Bohn). See also next page. ;



PREFACE. Xxi



an impression of the original wood-engraving, ex-
ceedingly interesting, as now Bewick seems to have
received the required impetus or encouragement to
produce the engravings for “Select Fables,” T. Saint,
1784. Inthree parts. Part I. Fables extracted from



Dodsley’s; Part. II. Fables, with Reflections in Prose
and Verse; Part III. Fables in Verse; to which are
prefixed the Life of Ausop, and an Essay upon Fable.
A New Edition Improved. For this edition a new set
of cuts was engraved by Thomas Bewick. “These
cuts were then deemed superior to any of Bewick’s
previous productions.” The same year another im-
_ pression of this work was printed with the same title |
page, but considerable variations in the letterpress,
and vignettes occur at pages 122, 125, and 152, which
are not in the former edition, printed in 1784, 12mo,
This is the book we now reprint (Saint’s collection



Xxil PREFACE.



of Bewick’s blocks having passed into my hands.)
An original copy of the 1784 edition in fine state is
so rare, that a copy has realised, at auction, £7, Ios.
Bewick says (p. 60, “Memoir,” 1862): “Some of the
Fable (“ Gay,” 1779) cuts were thought so much of
by my master (Beilby), that he, in my name, sent
impressions of a few of them to be laid before the
Society for the Encouragement of Arts, &c., and I
obtained a premium.” (Seven guineas, which he
took intense pleasure in presenting to his mother.)
We have thus, by easy stages, travelled through the
various phases of talent, to the most important work
produced before his wedl-known “ British Quadru-
peds,” first published 1790; “British Birds,’ 1797,
1804; and his /arge edition of “ Atsop’s Fables,”
1818 (each work embellished with his inimitable
and ever-pleasing vignettes) Examples from all
these works follow.



border, has realised twenty guineas. See ‘‘ Jackson on Wood-Engraving.”



PREFACE. xxiii









ae

SS

“* Select Fables,” 1820, Charnley’s Edition, 8vo, and in early Children’s
Books (Saint, Newcastle).



xxiv PREFACE.





Intended for ** Bewick’s British Birds”’—“Chimney Swallow,” injured and rejected.



SS
SS
2
SA
= i=
SS



Facsimile of Bewick’s Skylark.



SSE



SAAT ATAU

y






PREFACE,







Vignette to “‘ Birds,’—Angler and Sportsman.

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ve

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Engraved for ‘‘ Bewick’s sop,”





















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1818, unfinished and rejected.



xxvi PREFACE.





Vignette to ‘ sop.”

These remarks are rapidly written, but they are
the result of years of research and study: so
that the reader of this Preface has a brief resumé
of Bewick’s talents from his earliest. efforts to his
most finished productions; @ vresudéé which no one.
living is able to give from the original wood-
cuts but myself; thus forming a most useful manual
or pictorial azz to connoisseurs in selecting early
works illustrated by “ Bewick,” the more valuable, as
scarcely any of the works mentioned as published by
Saint are in the British Museum.

Now, as to the “ Goldsmith” interest as connected |
with this work, the 1776 Newcastle edition was
evidently copied from “ Dodsley’s” and other editions
of “Select Fables of Zsop” published in London
prior to this period. In the meantime, J. Newbery
and others, for whom Goldsmith wrote prefaces and
arranged and edited books, had published new
editions, so that when Saint went to press with
«A New Edition Improved” (with a new set of cuts



PREFACE. xxvii



by the Bewicks), evidently the book was remodelled
and extended from one that Goldsmith -had just
edited. In Dodsley’s Preface to his Fables, he says
“he has been assisted in it by gentlemen of the most
distinguished abilities ; and that several, both of the
old and the new Fables, are not written by himself,
but by authors with whom it is an honour to be con-
nected.” Dodsley also refers to the Life of A®sop,
&c., as being written by “a learned and ingenious
friend.” Doubtless Dr Johnson and Goldsmith were
_the “authors,” and Goldsmith the “ friend,’ here
referred to, Be that as it may, the present work
bears sufficient internal evidence in the “Essay on
Fable,” the “ Poetical Applications,” and the “ Fables
in Verse,” that Oliver Goldsmith was the author;
for it is identical in style with numerous prefaces and
essays written about this period by Oliver Goldsmith
for. Newbery, Dodsley, Griffiths, and others. -Much
conclusive evidence on this interesting subject will
be given in my new book on “The early works of
Bewick and Goldsmith” (a Prospectus of which will
shortly be issued). The applications to this edition
are infinitely superior to any edition which had
appeared prior to its publication. In Sir Roger
L’Estrange and Croxall’s editions, the applications
were warped away from their original and intended
effect by political distortions and obsolete terms,
which often strayed far from, instead of assisting, the
subject. It is somewhat refreshing, then, in the
edition here reprinted, to meet with some applica-
tions which are everything that could be desired, in



xxvili PREFACE.



easy, naturally flowing, and apt language, just to the
point; and who was so much a master of such
language as Oliver Goldsmith ?—of whom Dr Johnson
said, “He left no species of writing unadorned.”
It may be interesting here to quote from Bewick’s
Memoir of himself (not published till 1862), his
’ opinion of this book, which at once justifies the parent,
preceptor, or friend, in selecting this as a most szzf-
able present for the young of both sexes; he says
(pages 172-3):—*J was extremely fond of that
book (‘ Aisop’s Fables’); and as it had afforded me
much pleasure, I thought, with better executed
designs, it would impart the same kind of delight
to others that I had experienced from attentively
reading it. J was also of opinion, that it had (while
admiring the cuts) led hundreds of young men into.
the paths of wisdom and rectitude, and in that way
had materially assisted the pulpit.”

The lessons intended to be conveyed through the
medium of Fable are certainly plainer and easier to
be understood in this edition than in the once popular
“ Croxall;” and the publishers believe, therefore, that
the book in its present form will be found a powerful
auxiliary in the important practical feeling for the
education of the rising generation, illustrated as it is
by the early but forcible and natural rendering of
these Fables by the inimitable Bewick, through the
medium of which is imparted the profound good
sense, wisdom, and experience of the ancient
philosophers. I have already exceeded the limits
of an ordinary Preface. Ona future occasion I will



PREFACE. XXIx



endeavour to show how coincidently Bewick and
Goldsmith worked together to produce results—the .
importance of which can scarcely be fully estimated.
I will now conclude with one of those exquisite
little pictures of nature that will never cease to
exhibit the true art of pleasing as long as “the
language of England is spoken, or her literature
cultivated.”

EDWIN PEARSON.







** Say, should the philosophic mind disdain
That good, which makes each humble bosom vain ?
Let school-taught pride dissemble all it can,
These “tile things are great to little man.”





leseseecsese: onsazostensastenceseeaeeeas:

OY “ROY “lay” “ar “ala”

THE LIFE OF ASOP.



0

SOP, according to the best accounts, was a
native of Phrygia, a province of the Lesser

Asia, and born in the city Cotieum.* He was a
person of a remarkable genius, and extraordinary
character; for though he was born a slave, by the
assistance of his genius and virtue only, he procured
his own emancipation. By his sage counsels and
judicious advice he directed his countrymen to
measures that secured their liberty, and by a single
Fable baffled the tyrannical projects of Croesus, King
of Lydia. The most part of writers agree that his
person was but unseemly, though there are some of a
contrary opinion.t| It is probable that he was of a
low and diminutive stature, though agreeable in his
complexion, and polite in his manners. It is, how-
ever, certain that he had a great soul, and was
endowed with extraordinary mental qualifications ;
his moral character approached to a degree of per-
fection to which very few have attained. He appears
to have had a true sense of morality, and a just dis+

* Suidas. + Alsop.



LIFE OF 4@SOP. kxxi



cernment of right and wrong; his perceptions and
feelings of truth were scrupulously nice, and the
smallest deviation from rectitude impressed his mind
with the greatest antipathy. No considerations of
private interest could warp his inclinations so as to
seduce him from the paths of virtue; his principles
were stedfast and determined, and truly habitual.
‘He never employed his great wisdom to serve the
purposes of cunning; but, with an uncommon exact-
ness, made his understanding a servant to truth.
Historians have given many instances of his wit and
shrewdness, which were always employed in the ser-
vice of virtue, philanthropy, and benevolence,
It cannot well be ascertained who were his parents,
though some have affirmed that his father was a
shepherd.* He himself was undoubtedly a slave;
his first master was an Athenian, whose name was
Caresias. At Athens he learned the Greek language
in perfection, and acquired a taste for writing moral
_ Instructions, in the way of Fables, which was then
the prevailing mode of teaching morals in Attica.
‘His Fables are allegorical stories, delivered with an
air of fiction, under various personifications, to con-
‘vey truth to the mind in an agreeable manner. By
telling a story of a Lion, Dog, or a Wolf, the Fabulist
describes the manners and characters of men, and
communicates instruction without seeming to assume
the authority of a master or a pedagogue. ®sop’s
situation as a slave might suggest this method to
him ; for what would have been scornfully rejected if

* Philostratus.



xxxii LIFE OF & SOP.



delivered in an authoritative style by a slave, was
received with avidity in the form of a fable,

feésop had several masters; his second master was
Xanthus, in whose service he discovered great wisdom
and sagacity in answering questions, and reconciling
differences. By the following stratagem he made his
master’s wife return back, after she had run away and
left him, and effectually reconciled them: our Fabu-
list, then a slave, went to the market, and bought a
great quantity of the best provisions, which he pub-
licly declared were intended for the marriage of his
master with a new spouse. This report had its
desired effect, and the matter was amicably com-
posed. The story of his feast of Meat Tongrege, and
his answer to a gardener; are scarcely worthy of
relating. At a feast made on purpose to celebrate -
the return of his master’s wife, he is said to have
served the guests with several courses of tongues, by
which he intended to give a moral lesson to his
master and mistress, who had by the too liberal use
of their tongues occasioned the difference which was
now agreed.

The third master of Aésop was Idmon, who was
surnamed the wise, Idmon was an inhabitant of the
island of Samos. During AXsop’s servitude with this
master, he had a fellow-servant called Rhodopis, who
some affirm was his wife.* This does not at all
appear credible, for there is no mention made of this
among the Greek writers. This Rhodopis became
afterwards very famous for her riches, and was_cele-

* Pliny.







| LIFE OF 42S0P. XXXxiii



brated all over Greece. ‘Idmon is said to have been
so well pleased with sop, that after he had been
some time in his service, he emancipated him, and
made him free. With the enjoyment of liberty, he
acquired new reputation, and became celebrated for
his wisdom, Heis by some compared to the Seven
Sages of Greece, and accounted their equal in wis-
dom. He had the honour to be acquainted with
Solon and Chilo, and was equally admitted with
them in the Court of Periander, the King of the
Corinthians, who was himself one of the Sages of
Greece. Hewas.much esteemed by Croesus, King
of Lydia, and received into his Court at Sardis,
During his residence at Sardis, he gave proofs of his
sagacity which astonished the courtiers of Croesus.
This ambitious Prince having one day shewn his wise
men his vast riches and magnificence, and the glory
and splendour of his court, asked them the question,
whom they thought the happiest man? After seve-
ral different answers given by all the wise men pre-
sett, it came at last to AZsop to make his reply, who
said: That Cresus was as much happier than other

- men as the fulness of the sea was superior to the rivers.

Whether this was spoken ironically or in earnest does
not appear so evident; but according to the severe
morality of AZsop, it would rather appear to be a
sarcasm, though it was otherwise understood by the
King, and received as the greatest compliment, It
wrought so much upon his vanity, that he exclaimed:
Lhe Phrygian had hit the mark, One thing which
renders it probable that A®sop flattered Croesus on
c



Xxxiv LIFE OF 4ESOP.



this occasion is his conversation with Solon, who at
this time departed from the court of the King of
Lydia. When they were upon the road, Aisop ex-
claims: O Solon! either we must not speak to Kings,
or we must say what will please them. Solon replied:
We should either not speak to Kings at all, or we should
give them good advice,and speak truth. This seems
to be one instance in which A®sop is charged with
flattery and dissimulation. Some writers praise him
‘for his complaisance to so great a Prince; but it
is rather a proof of his policy than his ordinary
strictness and integrity. There is another instance
recorded by some writers of the life of AEsop, of his
complaisance to Princes, even contrary to the liberties
of the people. He is said to have written a Fable in
favour of the tyrant Pisistratus, which Phedrus has
translated, and proves that he was reconciled to
tyranny. But this is no way evident. There are
many Fables which are mingled with those of AZsop,
which are not his, yet have been fathered upon him;
and it is not consistent with the other parts of his
character and writings to suppose that he would
either flatter tyrants or defend them. The author-
ities from whence these supposed facts are taken are
not to be depended upon.

In all other particulars he appears to have pro-
ceeded upon the principles of wisdom, as far as any.
of the Sages of Greece, When he was asked by
Chilo, one of the wise men, What God was doing?
He replied, with great adroitness, That he was hum-
bling the proud and exalting the humble, He had just



LIFE OF 2SOP. XXXV



views of human nature, and assigned true reasons for
allits Phenomena. In an account of the paintings in
the time of the Antonines, Philostratus informs us,
‘that there is one of A’sop which makes a principal
figure. The painter represents him before his own
house, with the geniuses approaching him with a sort
of adulating pleasure as the inventor of Fables: they
are painted as adorning him with wreaths and chap-
lets of flowers, and crowning him with olive branches.
His countenance appears in a smiling attitude, while
his eyes seem fixed towards the ground, as if com-
posing a Fable, with the same gaiety and good
humour with which he usually wrote. There is a
group of men and beasts placed around him, and
amongst the rest the Fox, which makes a capital
‘figure, as he does in the Fables. This picture does
not represent A®sop in a decrepit form, but sets him
forth with a mixture of gravity and good humour.
The image of his mind is well drawn by Plutarch in
his Feast of the Sages ai the court of Periander, who
himself was one of the Seven, It was at this feast
that /Zsop repeats his Fable of The Wolf and the
Shepherds, to shéw that the company were guilty of
‘the same fault. From Plutarch’s account it is mani-
fest that AEsop’s conversation was pleasant and witty,
but yet delicate. He was satirical without disobliging,
and the poignancy of his wit was smoothed with good
nature and good sense.

The writer of his life prefixed to Dodsley’s Fables
compares him to Dean Swift, but with very little
propriety ; for he has a delicacy in all his wit which



XXXV1 LIFE OF 4ESOP.



the Dean of St Patrick’s was a total stranger to;
and, what is more strange, he had nearly as much
Christianity.

It has been doubted if he was the inventor of
Fables; but it is certain he was the first that brought
that species of writing into reputation. Archilochus
is said to have written Fables one hundred years
before him;* but it would appear. that those stories
were not written for posterity like those of sop.
The Fables of A‘sop were written in prose, though
the images that are in them afford good scope for a
poet, of which Phzedrus has given an elegant speci-
men. /Xsop writes with great simplicity, elegance,
and neatness; the schemes of his Fables are natural,
the sentiments just, and the conclusions moral. Quin-
tilian recommends his Fables as a first book for
children ;t and, when Plato had sent all the poets
into exile, he allows A’sop a residence in his com-
monwealtht The Athenians were good judges of
literary merit, and erected a noble statue for Aésop,
to perpetuate his memory, which was sculped by the
famous Lysippus.

The great excellency of AZsop’s manner of writing
is, that he blends the’ pleasing and the instructive so
well as to instruct and please at once. Horace is
much indebted to him for a plan of writing, and has
formed a rule from this famous Fabulist :

Ommne tulit punctum, qui miscuit utile dulci;
Lectorem delectando, pariterque monendo.
—De Arte Poet. ver. 343.



* Priscian. + Institut. Orat.i.c.9. £ De Repub. Lib, ii.



ESSAV UPON FABLE. xxxvii



T wish I could conceal the exit of this great Fabu-
list and Moral Writer. He was accused by the
Delphians of sacrilege, and convicted by an act of
the greatest villany that ever was invented. They
concealed among his ‘baggage, at his departure, some
golden vessels consecrated to Apollo, and then dis-
patched messengers to search his baggage. Upon
this he was accused of theft and sacrilege, condemned,
and precipitated over a rock. Thus ended the famous
Esop, whose Fables have immortalised his memory,
and will hand down his name to the latest posterity.



‘0.



-AN ESSAY UPON FABLE.

ABLE is the method of conveying truth under

the form of an Allegory. The sense of a Fable

is entirely different from the literal meaning of the

words that are used to compose it; and yet the real

intention thereof is visible and manifest, otherwise

the Fable is not well composed. The sense of a

Fable of the moral kind ought always to be obvious

at first view, that the instruction intended to be
given may have as early an effect as possible.

The chief thing to be considered in a Fable is the
action, which conveys the moral or truth designed for
instruction. There ought only to be one action in a
Fable, which must appear through the whole; other-
wise it will be liable to admit of different interpre-
tations, and be the same as a riddle, and have no
effect. Clearness, Unity, and Probability, are inci-



ae. ESSAY UPON FABLE.



dents essentially necessary in a moral Fable. If a
‘Fable be not so plain as to point out the sense of the
writer clearly, but admit of different interpretations,
it does.not answer the true design thereof. If the
incidents tend to convey different ideas, then the
reader will be at a loss to understand the chief inten-
tion of the author. All the various incidents ought
manifestly to unite in one design, and point out one
clear and perspicuous truth. Many of the modern
Fables labour under this defect; the incidents do not
manifestly tend to point out the moral, Fontaine’s
Fable of the two pigeons, and Croxall’s story of the
coach-wheel, are of this sort.

The incidents of a Fable ought also to have @ real
foundation in nature, This rule may be infringed by
ascribing to creatures appetites and passions that are °
not consistent with their known characters. “A Fox
should not be said to long for Grapes.”* The rule
of Horace will hold universally—

Sed non ut placidis coeant immitia : non ut
Serpentes avibus geminentur, tigribus agni.

Delphinum Sylvis appingit Fluctibus aprum.
—Hlorace, |. 13.

* This alludes to the well-known Fable of Zhe Fox and the Grapes,
which, however absurd it may appear in this part of the world, is not
so in the East, for Dr Hasselquist, in his Travels, p. 184, observes,
that “the Fox is an animal common in Palestine, and that there is
plenty of them near the convent of St John in the Desert about vintage
time ; and they destroy all the vines unless they are strictly watched.”
To the same effect Solomon saith in the Canticles, ii. 18, ‘* Take us the
foxes, the little Foxes that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender
grapes.” Therefore this ancient Apologue is very piopetly restored,
‘without prejudice to nature or common sense,



“ESSAY UPON FABLE. XXXIX



To join the wild with creatures that are tame,
Serpents with birds, or tygers with the lamb,
Paint whales in woods, and wild boars in the sea,
Ah, what a motley piece the whole would be!

Creatures different in their nature must not be
associated ina just Fable. The Lamb must not be
made to travel with the Fox, nor the Wolf and the
Sheep to feed or associate together; for all this is
unnatural, and can never. be rendered a. probable
object of belief, The incidents ina Fable ought also
to be few, lest by crowding circumstances too close,
the whole appear confused, and perplex the mind.

The next thing to be considered in Fable is the
wmagery or characters; these may either be. men,
beasts, or inanimate beings. _ All these have been
introduced by the ancient Fabulists. In all personi-
fications the rules of analogy are to be observed ; in
those things wherein man and other creatures have
no similitude, no true image can be formed in what
respects human society. The persons and characters
assumed in Fables, ought therefore to have a likeness
to the things to which they are compared. All nature
may serve to furnish a Fabulist with machinery,
Mountains, rivers, trees, animals, and even invisible
powers may answer his purpose; but,in the use of all
sorts of machinery, a proper regard must always be
held to analogy. When language is attributed to
animals, they must not be made to speak in a style
which bears no similitude to some property in their
nature; an owl must not be made to sing like a
nightingale ; nor should a raven be made the symbol



xl ESSAY UPON FABLE,



of an orator. When beasts are made the representa-
tions of men, there ought always to be something in
their nature that bears a similitude to their character.
The same may be said of things inanimate ; a strong
man may be compared to a mountain, but it would be
preposterous to make the same comparison of a dwarf. -
Vices and virtues ought in the same manner to be
delineated in Fable; a proud man may be compared
to a high hill, a humble person to a low valley. This
is authorised by the writings of the Old Testament:
The high mountains shall be brought low, and every
valley shall be exalted.

When human actions are attributed to invisible
powers, or especially to the Deity, they ought to be
such as are worthy of those ideas which are generally
received concerning him. In this, Homer is very
faulty; for he exalts his men almost to Gods, and
brings down his Gods to the level of- beasts,

As for the style of Fable, simplicity is the greatest
excellence; that familiar manner of speech in which
we converse is best suited for the purposes of Fable.
This manner of writing is more difficult to attain
than is generally imagined ; it requires a particular
taste, and is harder to imitate than the sublime itself.
The style of a Fable must always be adapted to the
characters which are introduced: for it would be
absurd to make the eagle speak in the same style
with the bat; or the King of the forest express him-
self in the language of the mouse. But in all these
particulars, nature will be the best guide; and where
this is deficient, no art can supply the want of it,





ieee gue aes ee

EER RRRADARAR

FABLES, &.













Fasze I.
The Miller, his Son, and their Ass.

Tis better to pursue the dictates of ones own reason, than
attempt to please all mankind.

MILLER and his Son were driving their Ass

to market, in order to sell him: and that he

might get thither fresh and in good condition,
they drove him on gently before them. They had

not proceeded far, when they met a company of
A





ieee gue aes ee

EER RRRADARAR

FABLES, &.













Fasze I.
The Miller, his Son, and their Ass.

Tis better to pursue the dictates of ones own reason, than
attempt to please all mankind.

MILLER and his Son were driving their Ass

to market, in order to sell him: and that he

might get thither fresh and in good condition,
they drove him on gently before them. They had

not proceeded far, when they met a company of
A



2 FABLES, [PART I.



travellers. Sure, say they, you are mighty careful
of your Ass: methinks, one of you might as well get
up and ride, as suffer him to walk on at his ease,
while you trudge after on foot. In compliance with
this advice, the Old Man set his Son upon the beast.
And now, they had scarce advanced a quarter of a ~
mile farther, before they met another company. You
idle young rogue, said one of the party, why don’t
you get down and let your poor Father ride? Upon
this, the Old Man made his Son dismount, and got up
himself. While they were marching in this manner,
a third company began to insult the Father. You
hard-hearted unnatural wretch, say they, how can
you suffer that poor lad to wade through the dirt,
while you, like an alderman, ride at your ease? The
good-natured Miller stood corrected, and immediately -
took his Son up behind him. And now the next man
they met exclaimed, with more vehemence and in-
dignation than all the rest—-Was there ever such a
couple of lazy boobies! to overload in so unconscion-
able a manner a poor dumb creature, who is far less
able to carry them than they are to carry him! The
complying Old Man would have been half inclined to
make the trial, had not experience by this time suffi-
ciently convinced him, that there cannot be a more

fruitless attempt than to endeavour to please all man-
kind..



PART I.] FABLES. 3







Fasce fT,
The For and the Bramble.

We should bear with patience a small evil, when it ts connected
with a greater good.

FOX closely pursued by a pack of dogs took
shelter under the covert of a Bramble. He
rejoiced in this asylum, and for a while was very
happy : but soon found, that if he attempted to stir,
he was wounded by thorns and prickles on every side.
However, making a virtue of necessity, he forbore to
complain ; and comforted himself with reflecting, that
no bliss is perfect ; that good and evil are mixed, and
flow from the same fountain. These briars indeed,
said he, will tear my skin a little, yet they keep off
the dogs. For the sake of the good, then, let me bear
the evil with patience: each bitter has its sweet, and
these brambles, though they wound my flesh, preserve
my life from danger.



4 FABLES. [PART I.



FABLE LL,
The Butterfly anv the Boze.

We exclaim loudly against that inconstancy in another to which .
we give occasion by our own.

FINE powdered Butterfly fell in love with a
beautiful Rose, who expanded her charms in

a neighbouring parterre. Matters were soon adjusted
between them, and they mutually vowed eternal
fidelity. The Butterfly, perfectly satisfied with the
success of his amour, took a tender leave of his mis-
tress,and did not return again till noon. What! said
the Rose, when she saw him approaching, is the ardent
passion you vowed so soon extinguished? It is an
age since you paid mea visit. But no wonder: for I
observed you courting by turns every flower in the
garden. You little coquet, replied the Butterfly, it
well becomes you, truly, to reproach me with my
gallantries; when in fact I only, copy the example



PART I.] FABLES. 5



which -you yourself have set me, For, not to men-
tion the satisfaction with which you admitted the
kisses of the fragrant Zephyr, did I not see you dis-
playing your charms to the bee, the fly, the wasp, and,
in short, encouraging and receiving the addresses of
every buzzing insect that fluttered within your view ?
If you will be a coquet, you must expect to find me
inconstant,















rt i TT er
is ee cc

yy

i





























il
ee

Fasce IV,
The Clock and the Wial.

There is no absolute independency in the world; every one
depends in his station upon some above him, and that if this
order was taken away, there would be nothing except error
and confuston in the universe.

CLOCK, which served for many years to re-
peat the hours and point out time, happened
to fall into conversation with a Dial, which also served,



6 FABLES. [PART I.



when the sun shone, to tell what was the time of day.
It happened to be ina cloudy forenoon, when the sun
did not shine. Says the Clock to the Dial, What a
mean slavery do you undergo! you cannot tell the
hour without the sun pleases to inform you; and now
the half of the day is past, and you know not what
o’clock it is. I can tell the hour at any time, and
would not be in such a dependent state as you are in
for the world. Night,and.day are both alike to me,
It is just now twelve o’clock, Upon this the sun shone
forth from under the cloud, and showed the exact time
of the day. It was half an hour past twelve. The
Dial then replied to the Clock, You may now perceive
that boasting is not good; for you see you are wrong,
It'is better to be under direction and follow truth,
than to be eye to one’s self and go wrong; your
freedom is only a liberty to err; and what you call
slavery in my case, is the only method of being freely
in the right. You see that we should all of us keep
our stations, and depend upon one another. I depend.
upon the sun, and you depend upon me; for if.I did
not serve to regulate your motions, you see you would
for ever go wrong,





PART 1] FABLES. 7





ic Gx i tio

(fTuutirttieasanreb ts

FABLE V.
Whe Tortoige any the Tino Crows,

Curiosity often excites those people to hazardous undertakings,
whom vanity and indiscretion render totally unfit for them.

ANITY and idle curiosity are qualities which
generally prove destructive to those who suffer
themselves to be governed by them.

A Tortoise, weary of passing her days in the same
obscure corner, conceived a wonderful inclination to
visit foreign countries. Two Crows, whom the simple
Tortoise acquainted with her intention, undertook to
oblige her upon the occasion. Accordingly, they
told her, that if she would fasten her mouth to the
middle of a pole, they would take the two ends, and

‘transport her whithersoever she chose to be conveyed.
The Tortoise approved of the expedient; and every-



8 , FABLES. [PART I.



thing being prepared, the Crows began their flight
with her. They had not travelled long in the air,
when they were met by a Magpie, who inquiring
what they were bearing along, they replied the queen
of the Tortoises. The Tortoise, vain of the new and
unmerited appellation, was going to confirm the title,
when, opening her mouth for that purpose, she let go
her hold, and was dashed to pieces by her fall.

i
Hi

cna j i i
0

| ia wi i

y
4)















FaBLe VI,
The Country May and the Milk-Jail. -

When we dwell much on distant and chimerical advantages, we
neglect our present business, and are exposed to real mis-
Sortunes.

HEN men suffer their imagination to amuse
them with the prospect of distant and un-
‘certain improvements of their condition, they fre-



PART LJ FABLES, ; 9



quently sustain real losses by their inattention to
those affairs in which they are immediately con-
cerned,

A Country Maid was walking very deliberately with
a pail of milk upon her head, when she fell into the
following train of reflections :—The money for which
T shall sell this milk, will enable me to increase my
stock of eggs to three hundred. These eggs, allowing
for what may prove addle, and what may be destroyed
by vermin, will produce at least two hundred and fifty
chickens. The chickens will be fit to carry to market
about Christmas, when poultry always bear a good
price, so that by May-day I cannot fail of having
money enough to purchase a gown. Green!—let me
consider—yes, green becomes my complexion best,
and green it shall be. In this dress I will go to the
fair, where all the young fellows will strive to have
me for a partner; but I shall perhaps refuse every one
‘of them, and with an air of disdain toss from them.
Transported with this triumphant thought, she could
not forbear acting with her head what thus passed in
her imagination, when down came the pail .of milk,
and with it all her imaginary happiness,





10 FABLES. [PART I.



:

; WY













£asLe VII,
* The Spiver and the Silktoorm.

He that is employed in works of use generally advantages him-
self or others; while he who toils alone for fame must often
expect to lose his labour,

OW vainly we promise ourselves that our flimsy
productions will be rewarded with immortal
honour! A Spider, busied in spreading his web from
one side of a room to the other, was asked by an in-
dustrious Silkworm, to what end he spent so much
time and labour, in making such a number of lines
and circles? The Spider angrily replied, Do not dis-
turb me, thou ignorant thing: I transmit my ingenuity
to posterity, and fame is the object of my wishes.
Just as he had spoken, a chambermaid, coming into
the room to feed her Silkworms, saw the Spider at
his work, and with one stroke of her broom, swept

him away, and destroyed at once his labours and his
hope of fame.



PART L.] FABLES, - II



neha
anna i

Sug



















Fapte VIII,
The Bee and the Fly.

The greatest genius with a vindictive temper ts far surpast in
point of happiness by men of talents less considerable.

BEE, observing a Fly frisking about her hive,
asked him, in a very passionate tone, what he

did there? Is it for such scoundrels as you, said she,
to intrude into the company of the queens of the air?
You have great reason, truly, replied the Fly, to be out
of humour. I am sure they must be mad who would
have any concern with so quarrelsome a nation. And
why so? thou saucy malapert, returned the enraged
Bee; we have the best laws, and are governed by the
best policy in the world. We feed upon the most
fragrant flowers, and all our business is to make
honey: honey which equals nectar, thou tasteless
wretch, who livest upon nothing but putrefaction and



j2 FABLES. . [PART L



excrement. We live as we can, rejoined the Fly.
Poverty, I hope, is no crime; but passion is one, I

‘am sure. The honey you make is sweet, I grant you;
but your heart is all bitterness: for to be revetiged on
an enemy, you will destroy your own life; and are so
incofsiderate in your rage, as to do more mischief to
yourselves than to your adversary. Take my word
for it, one had better have less considerable talents,
and use them with more discretion. a:

y











FABLE IX,

Che Buran anv the Frenchman.

Custom has a mighty effect upon mankind, and more differences
arise in character from custom than from natural causes,
Perhaps all men are in the state they should be in; they
should therefore live contented. :

N N airy Frenchman happened to meet a Huron
upon the Mississippi, as he went with his bow
and shafts to seek provision for his family. Says



PART L.] FABLES, 13
Monsieur to the savage, You have a very toilsome life
of it, who, when other people sit by the fireside, en-
joying the benefit of good food and good company,
are obliged to traverse the woods in the midst of
snow and storms: to preserve a wretched existence,
How come you by your food? replies the Huron.
Does it rain from the clouds to you? No, says the
Frenchman ; we work in summer, and make provision
for winter, and, during the cold months, sit by the fire
and enjoy ourselves.’ For the same reason, says the
Huron, do we lay up provisions in winter, that we
may rest in summer when the days are hot. Your
enjoyments are confined within the walls of a house,
and by the side of a fire, but ours are more extensive;
we assemble upon the mountains and in the woods in
summier for pleasure, and our delights are to observe
the works of nature; the sun serves us instead of fire
to warm us, and we are never at a loss for houses while
the woods remain, This is the season when we lay
up our store, and it serves us in summer till winter
return, We are accustomed to endure the cold, and
our exercise keeps us from feeling it to excess. At
night the skins of wild beasts keep us from the cold
till the morning dawn, and then we pursue the same
employments, Were we not to live in this manner,
the wild beasts would so increase, that they would
become our masters ; but our necessity of having food
and clothing prevents them from increasing to very
-great numbers. What you account pleasure, would
be none to us; and your manner of life appears as
ridiculous to the Hurons, as ours appears to you,



14 FABLES. [PART 1.



You reckon us idolaters, because we pay adoration to
the rising sun; but you misunderstand us; we con-
sider that light to be a symbol of the great Author of
Nature, and only worship him through this luminary.
We do not understand your manner of worship, which
to us appears abundantly absurd ; for the Deity is no
more like images of gold and silver, than he is like the
sun. The sun is a more glorious effect of his power
and goodness; for he serves many excellent purposes,
and we could not live without him; but your symbols
appear to have no use. Vhe Frenchman could make.
no reply, and the Huron proceeded on his hunting,





PART 1] FABLES. 15

































































































FABLE X,

Grnius, Virtue, anv Weputation,
There are few things so trreparably lost as Reputation.

ENTIUS, Virtue, and Reputation, three intimate
friends, agreed to travel over the island of

Great Britain, to see whatever might be worthy of
observation. But as some misfortune, said they, may
happen to separate us, let us consider before we set
set out by what means we may find each other again.
Should it be my ill fate, said Genius, to be severed
from you, my associates—which Heaven forbid !—
you may find me kneeling in devotion before the
tomb of Shakespear, or rapt in some grove where
Milton talked with angels, or musing in the grotto
where Pope caught inspiration. Virtue, with a sigh,
acknowledged that her friends were not very numer-
ous: but were I to lose you, she cried, with whom I
am at present so happily united, 1 should choose to



16 FABLES. [PART I.



take sanctuary in the temples of religion, in the
places of royalty, or in the stately domes of ministers
of state; but as it may be my ill-fortune to be there
denied admittance, inquire for some cottage where
contentment has a bower, and there you will cer-
tainly find me. Ah! my dear companions, said
Reputation, very earnestly, you, I perceive, when
missing, may possibly be recovered; but take care,
I entreat you, always to keep sight of me, for if J am
once lost, I am never to be retrieved.

il
= il

M
i i ———— fi











FABLE XI,
Tnvustey any Sloth.

Our term of life does not allow time jor long protracte
deliberations.

OW many live in the world as useless as if they
had never been born! They pass through
life like a bird through the air, and leave no track



PART 1] FABLES. , 17



behind them; waste the prime of their days in deli-
berating what they shall do, and bring them to a
period without coming to any determination.

An indolent young man, being asked why he lay
in bed so long, jocosely and carelessly answered,
Every morning of my life I am hearing causes. I
have two fine girls, their names are Industry and
Sloth, close at my bed-side as soon as ever I awake,
pressing their different suits. One intreats me to get
up, the other persuades me to lie still; and then they
alternately give me various reasons why I should rise,
and why I should not. This detains me so long, as
it is the duty of an impartial judge to hear all that
can be said on either side, that before the pleadings
are over, it is time to go to dinner.





18 FABLES. [PART I.





I

| (i=

FABLE XII,
The Wermit and the Bear,

The random zeal of inconsiderate friends ts often as hurtful -
as the wrath of enemies.

N imprudent friend often does as much mischief
by his too great zeal as the worst enemy could
effect by his malice.

A certain Hermit having done a good office to a
Bear, the grateful creature was so sensible of his obli-
gation, that he begged to be admitted as the guardian
and companion of his solitude. The Hermit willingly
accepted his offer, and conducted him to his cell,
where they passed their time together in an amicable
manner.. One very hot day, the Hermit having laid
him down to sleep, the officious Bear employed him-
self in driving away the flies from his patron’s face.
But in spite of all his care, one of the flies perpetually
returned to the attack, and at last settled upon the



PART 1.] FABLES, 19



Hermit’s nose. NowI shall have you most certainly,
said the Bear; and with the best intentions imagin-
able, gave him a violent blow on the face, which very
effectually indeed demolished the Fly, but at the same
time most terribly bruised the face of his benefactor.

q



























FABLE XIII,

The Passenger and the Wilst.

We are nowhere out of the reach of Providence, either to
punish or to protect us.

T had blown a violent storm at sea, and the whole
ctew of a large vessel were in imminent danger

of shipwreck. After the rolling of the waves were
somewhat abated, a certain Passenger, who had never
been at sea before, observing the Pilot to have ap-
peared wholly unconcerned, even in their greatest
danger, had the curiosity to ask him what death his
father died. What death? said the Pilot; why he



20 FABLES. [PART I.



perished at Sea, as my grandfather did before him.
And are you not afraid of trusting yourself to an
element that-has thus proved fatal to your family ?
Afraid !|—by no means.. Why we must all die: is
not your father dead? Yes, but he died in his bed.
And why then are you not afraid of trusting yourself
to your bed? Because 1 am there perfectly secure.
It may be so, replied the Pilot; but if the hand of
Providence is equally extended over all places, there
is no more reason for me to be afraid of going to sea
than for you to be afraid of going to bed.















ae (
nt ARTA aie i

Fabre XIV.
The Partial Dudye.

The injuries we do, and those we suffer, are seldom weighed
in the same scales.
FARMER came to a neighbouring Lawyer
expressing great concern for an accident which
he said had just happened. One of your oxen, con-







PART I.] : FABLES, 2



tinued he, has been gored by an unlucky bull of mine,
and I shall be glad to know how I am to make you
ateparation. Thou art a very honest fellow, replied
the Lawyer, and wilt not think it unreasonable that I
expect one of thy oxen in return. It is no more than
justice, quoth the Farmer, to be sure; but what did
I say ?—I mistake: it is your bull that has killed one

_of my oxen. Indeed! says the Lawyer; that alters
the case: I must inquire into the affair; and if.
And if/ said the Farmer; the business I find would
have been concluded without an zf had you been
as ready to do justice to others as to exact it from
them.



























22 FABLES. : [PART 1.





FABLE XV,
The Lien and the Cinat.

Little minds are so much elevated by any advantage gained over
their superiors, that they are often thrown off their guard
against a sudden change of fortune.

VAUNT! thou paltry contemptible insect! said

a proud Lion one day to a Gnat that was
frisking about in the air near his den. The Gnat,
enraged at this unprovoked insult, vowed revenge, and
immediately darted into the Lion’s ear. After having
sufficiently teased him in that quarter, she quitted
her station and retired under his belly,.and from
thence made her last and most formidable attack in
his nostrils, where stinging him almost to madness,
the Lion at length fell down, utterly spent with rage,
vexation, and pain. The Gnat having thus abun-
dantly gratified her resentment, flew off in great
exultation; but in the heedless transports of her



PART 1] FABLES. 23



success, not sufficiently attending to her own security,
she found herself unexpectedly entangled in the web
' of a spider; who, rushing out instantly upon her, put
an end to her triumph and her life.

This fable instructs us, never to suffer success so

far to transport us as to throw us off our guard against
a reverse of fortune.





















FABLE XVI,

The Bog anv the Crocodile.

Lt is ever dangerous to be long conversant with persons of a
bad character.

E can never be too carefully guarded against
a connection with persons of an ill character.

As a dog was coursing on the banks of the Nile,
he grew thirsty; but fearing to be seized by the

monsters of that river, he would not stop to satiate
his draught, but lapped as he ran. A Crocodile,



24 FABLES. [PART I.



raising his head above the surface of the water, asked
him, why he was in such a hurry. He had often, he
said, wished for his acquaintance, and should be glad
to embrace the present opportunity. You do me
great honour, returned the Dog, but it is to avoid
such companions as you that I am in so much haste.



FABLE XVII,

The WAsll in Disguise.

There would be little chance of detecting hypocrisy, were it not
always addicted to over-act tts part.

‘\ESIGNING hypocrites frequently lay them-
selves open to discovery by over-acting their
parts.

A Wolf, who by frequent visits to a flock of sheep
in his neighbourhood, began to be extremely well
known to them, thought it expedient, for the more
successfully carrying on his depredations, to appear



PART 1] FABLES. 25



in anewcharacter. To this end he disguised himself
in a shepherd’s habit; and resting his fore-feet upon
a stick, which served him by way of crook, he softly
made his approaches towards the fold. It happened
that the shepherd and his dog were both of them
extended on the grass fast asleep; so that he would
certainly have succeeded in his project, if he had
not imprudently attempted to imitate the shepherd’s
voice. The horrid noise awakened them both: when
the Wolf, encumbered with his disguise, and finding
it impossible either to resist or to flee, yielded up his
life an easy prey to the shepherd’s dog.






























it







LSemywott

Wn ull
Fase XVII.

The Ass anv his Master.

Avarice often misses tts point, through the means it uses to
Secure it.

DILIGENT Ass, daily loaded beyond his
strength by a severe Master, whom he had
long served, and who kept him at very short com-



26 FABLES. [PART I.
mons, happened one day in his old age to be oppressed
with a more than ordinary burthen of earthenware.
His strength being much impaired, and the road
deep and uneven, he unfortunately made a trip, and,
unable to recover himself, fell down and broke all
the vessels to pieces. His Master, transported with
rage, began to beat him most unmercifully. Against
whom the poor Ass, lifting up his head as he lay on
the ground, thus strongly remonstrated: Unfeeling
wretch! to thy own avaricious cruelty, in first pinch-
ing me of food, and then loading me beyond my
strength, thou owest the misfortune pa thou so
unjustly imputest to me.





PART I.] ’ FABLES, 27



Fata maaan :
eee
a
i











Fasre XIX,

The Eagle and the Crotn.

A false estimate of our own abilities ever exposes us to ridicule,
and sometimes to danger.

O mistake our own talents, or over-rate our
abilities, is always ridiculous, and sometimes
dangerous. _
An Eagle, from the top of a high mountain, making
a stoop at a lamb, pounced upon it, and bore it away
to her young. A Crow, who had built her nest in a
cedar near the foot of the rock, observing what
passed, was ambitious of performing the same ex-
ploit; and darting from her nest, fixed her talons in
the fleece of another lamb. But neither able to move
her prey, nor to disentangle her feet, she was taken
by the shepherd, and carried away for his children to
play with; who eagerly enquiring what bird it was:



28 FABLES, _ (PART L



—An hour ago, said he, she fancied herself an eagle;
however, I suppose she is by this time convinced that
she is but a crow.



FABLE XX.

The Lion, the Tyger, and the For.

The intemperate rage of clients gives the lawyer an opportunity
of seizing the property in dispute.

LION anda Tyger jointly seized on a young

fawn, which they immediately killed. This
they had no sooner performed than they fell a fight-
ing, in order to decide whose ‘property it should be.
The battle was so bloody and so obstinate that they
were both compelled, through weariness and loss of
blood, to desist; and lay down by mutual consent, .
totally disabled. At this instant, a Fox unluckily
came by; who, perceiving their situation, made bold
to seize the contested prey, and bore it off unmolested.



PART 1] FABLES. 29



As soon as the Lion could recover his breath,—How
foolish, said he, has been our conduct! Instead of.
being contented, as we ought, with our respective
shares, our senseless rage has rendered us unable to
prevent this rascally Fox from defrauding us of the

L-

)

whole.







Fase XXII,
The ion and the Ass.

A total neglect is the best return the generous can make to the
scurrility of the base.

CONCEITED Ass had once the impertinence

to bray forth some contemptuous speeches
against the Lion. The suddenness of the insult at
first raised some emotions of wrath in his breast; but
turning his head, and perceiving from whence it came,
they. immediately subsided, and he very sedately
walkéd on, without deigning to honour the contemp-
tible creature even so much as with an angry word,

1



30 FABLES, [PART 1.





















FABLE XXII,

The Trunpeter.

The fomenter of mischief is at least as culpable as he who puts
: at in execution.

TRUMPETER in a certain army happened to

be taken prisoner. He was ordered immedi-
ately to execution ; but pleaded, in excuse for himself,
that it was unjust a person should suffer death, who,
far from an intention of mischief, did not even wear
an offensive weapon. So much the rather, replied one
of the enemy, shalt thou die; since without any design
of fighting thyself, thou excitest others to the bloody
business: for he that is the abetter of a bad action, is
at least equally guilty with him that commits it.



PART 1] FABLES. 31



i i ATT TTT

Sa

) abs

ae
He
a









Fasre XXIII,
The Bear and the Bees.

Lt were more prudent to acquiesce under an injury from a single
person, than by an act of vengeance to bring upon us the
resentment of a whole community.

BEAR happened to be stung by a Bee, and the

pain was so acute, that in the madness of re-
venge he ran into the garden and overturned the hive.
This outrage provoked their anger to a high degree,
and brought the fury of the whole swarm upon him.
They attacked him with such violence, that his life
was in danger, and it was with the, utmost difficulty
that he made his escape, wounded from head to tail.
In this desperate condition, lamenting his misfortunes,
and licking his sores, he could not forbear reflecting
how much more advisable it had been to have patiently
acquiesced under one injury, than thus by an unpro-
fitable resentment to have provoked a thousand.



32 FABLES. [PART I.







‘Fapte XXIV.

The Oak and the Willow.

The courage of meeting death in an honourable cause is more
commendable, than any address or artifice we can make use
of to evade it.

CONCEITED Willow had once the vanity to
challenge his mighty neighbour the Oak to a

trial of strength. It was to be determined by the
next storm; and A®olus was addressed by both parties
to exert his most powerful efforts. This was no
sooner asked than granted; and a violent hurricane
arose, when the pliant Willow, bending from the blast,
or shrinking under her, evaded all its force, while the
generous Oak, disdaining to give way, opposed its
fury, and was torn up by the roots. Immediately the
Willow began to exult, and to claim the victory, when
thus the fallen Oak interrupted his exultation: Callest



PART 1] FABLES. 33



thou this a trial of strength? Poor wretch! not to
thy strength, but weakness; not to thy boldly facing
danger, but meanly skulking from it, thou owest thy
present safety. I aman Oak, though fallen ; thou still
a Willow, though unhurt: but who, except so meana
wretch as thyself, would prefer an ignominious life,
preserved by craft or cowardice, to the glory of meet-
ing death in an honourable cause?



FABLE XXV.,
The Bear and the Tine Iriends.

Cowards are incapable of true Friendship,

WO Friends, setting out together upon a journey
which led through a dangerous forest, mutually
promised to assist each other if they should happen
to be assaulted. They had not proceeded far before

they perceived a Bear making towards them with
Cc



34 FABLES, [PART I.





great rage, There were no hopes in flight; but one
of them, being very active, sprung up into a tree;
upon which the other, throwing himself flat on the
ground, held his breath, and pretended to be dead, |
remembering to have heard it asserted that this
creature will not prey upon a dead carcase. The
Bear came up, and after smelling to him for some
time, left him, and went on. When he was fairly out
of sight and hearing, the hero from the tree calls out
—Well, my friend, what said the Bear? He seemed
to whisper you very closely. He did so, replied the
other, and gave me this good piece of advice: Neyer
to associate with a wretch who in the hour of danger
will desert his friend.





PART 1] FABLES. 35





FABLE XX VI,

The Wlasps and the Bees.

Jt is a folly to arrogate works to ourselves of which we are by
no means capable.

RETENDERS of every kind are best detected
by appealing to their works.

Some honeycombs being claimed by a swarm of
Wasps, the right owners protested against their
demand, and the cause was referred to a Hornet.
Witnesses being examined, they deposed that certain
winged creatures, who had a loud hum, were of a
yellowish colour, and somewhat like bees, were ob-
served a considerable time hovering about the place
where this nest was found. But this did not suff-
ciently decide the question ; for these characteristics,
the Hornet observed, agreed no less with the Bees than
with the Wasps. At length a sensible old Bee offered
to put the matter upon this decisive issue: Let a



36 FABLES. [PART I,



place be appointed by the court, said he, for the
plaintiffs and defendants to work in, It will then
soon appear which of us are capable of forming such
regular cells, and afterwards of filling them with so
delicious a fluid. The Wasps refusing to agree to
this proposal, sufficiently convinced the judge on
which side the right lay, and he decreed the honey-
combs accordingly.





fiaste XX VII,

Fortune and the School-bow.

We are always ready to censure Fortune for the ill effects of our
own carelessness.

A SCHOOL-BOY, fatigued with play, threw him-
self down by the brink of a deep pit, where he
fell fast asleep. Fortune happening to pass by, saw

_ him in this dangerous situation, and kindly gave him
a tap on the shoulder: My dear child, said she, if you



PART 1] FABLES, 37



had fallen into this pit, I should have borne the blame;
though in fact the accident would have been wholly
owing to your own carelessness.

Misfortune, said a celebrated Cardinal, is but
another word for imprudence. The maxim is by
no means absolutely true: certain, however, it is,
that mankind suffer more evils from their own im-
prudence, than from events which it is not in their
power to controul.

s



Fasre X XVII.
The Belly anv the Limbs,

Lt is a folly even to wish to withhold our part from the support
of civil government.
ENENIUS AGRIPPA, a Roman Consul, being

deputed by the senate to appease a dangerous.
tumult and sedition of the people, who refused to pay





38 FABLES, [PART I.



the taxes necessary for carrying on the business of
the state, convinced them of their folly by delivering
to them the following fable :—
My friends and countrymen, said he, attend to my
words. It once happened that the Members of the
human body, taking some exception at the conduct
of the Belly, resolved no longer to grant him the usual
supplies. The Tongue first, in a seditious speech,
aggravated their grievances; and after highly ex-
tolling the activity and diligence of the Hands and
Feet, set forth how hard and unreasonable it was that
the fruits of their labour should be squandered away
upon the insatiable cravings of a fat and indolent
Paunch, which was entirely useless, and unable to do
anything towards helping himself. This speech was
received with unanimous applause by all the Members.
Immediately the Hands declared they would work no
more; the Feet determined to carry no further the
load of guts with which they had hitherto been op-
pressed; nay, the very Teeth refused to prepare a
single morsel more for his use. In this distress, the
Belly bethought them to consider maturely, and not
foment so senseless a rebellion, Thereis none of you,
says he, can be ignorant that whatsoever you bestow
upon me is immediately converted to your use, and
dispersed by me for the good of you all into every
Limb. But he remonstrated in vain ; for during the
clamours of passion, the voice of reason is always
disregarded. It being therefore impossible for him
to quiet the tumult, he starved for want of their
assistance, and the body wasted away to a skeleton.



PART 1.] FABLES. 39



The Limbs, grown-weak and languid, were sensible at
last of their error, and would fain have returned to
their respective duties; but it was now too late, death
had taken possession of the whole, and tney. all
perished together.



e Ds
AN a i

FABLE XXLX.,
Ohe WHoll and the Bamb.

They who do not feel the sentiments of humanity will seldone
listen to the pleas of reason.

HEN cruelty and injustice are armed with
power, and determined on oppression, the
strongest pleas of innocence are preferred in vain.

A Wolf and a Lamb were accidentally quenching
their thirst together at the same rivulet. The Wolf
stood towards the head of the stream, and the Lamb
at some distance below. The injurious beast, resolved
on a quarrel, fiercely demands—How dare you dis-.



40 FABLES. [PART IL.



turb the water which I am drinking? The poor Lamb,
all trembling, replies, How, I beseech you, can that
possibly be the case, since the current sets from you
to me? Disconcerted by the force of truth, he
changes the accusation. Six months ago, says he,
you vilely slandered me. Impossible, returns the
Lamb, for I was not then born. No matter, it was
your father, then, or some of your relations; and im-

mediately seizing the innocent Lamb, he tore him to
pieces.

ee









FABLE XEX.
The Daw with Borrvetoed Feathers.

To aim at figure by the means either of borrowed wit, or borrowed
money, generally subjects us at least to tenfold ridicule.

\ \ J HEN a pert young Templar or city apprentice
sets up for a fine gentleman, with the assist-
ance of an embroidered waistcoat and Dresden ruffles;





PART 1.] FABLES. 4r

but without one qualification proper to the character,
how frequently does it happen that he is laughed at
by his equals, and despised by those whom he pre-
sumed to imitate!

A pragmatic Jackdaw was vain enough to imagine
that he wanted nothing but the coloured plumes to
render him as elegant a bird as the Peacock. Puffed
up with this wise conceit, he dressed himself with a
sufficient quantity of their most beautiful feathers,
and in this borrowed garb, forsaking his old com-
panions, endeavoured to pass for a Peacock; but he
no sooner attempted to associate with these genteel
creatures, than an affected strut betrayed the vain
pretender. The offended Peacocks, plucking from
him their degraded feathers, soon stripped him of
his finery, reduced him to a mere Jackdaw, and drove
him back to his brethren, by whom he was now
equally despised, and justly punished with derision
and contempt.







42 FABLES. [PART I.

Ie

i

ATE
0 i
i

au







FABLE AXXT,
The Wolf ana the Shepherds.

We severely censure that ix others, which we ourselves practise.
without scruple.

OW apt are men to condenin in others what
they practise themselves without scruple!

A Wolf, says Plutarch, peeping into a hut where a
company of Shepherds were regaling themselves with
a joint of mutton; Lord, said he, what a clamour
would these men have raised if they had catched me
at such a banquet!



PART 1.] FABLES. — 43







Siti





SSH S Sina
amie"?
Wii WT ‘fmm









FABLE XXXII,
The Bayle and the Owl.

The partiality of parents often makes themselves ridiculous, and
their children unhappy.

N Eagle and an Owl having entered into a league

of mutual amity, one of the articles of their
treaty was, that the former should not prey upon the
younglings of the latter. But tell me, said the Owl,
should you know my little ones if you were to see
them? Indeed I should not, replied the Eagle; but
if you describe them to me, it will be sufficient. You
are to observe, then, returned the Owl, in the first
place, that the charming creatures are perfectly well
shaped; in the next, that there is a remarkable
sweetness and vivacity in their countenances; and
then there is something in their voices so peculiarly
melodious, It is enough, interrupted the Eagle; by
these marks I cannot fail of distinguishing them; and



44. FABLES. — [PART I.



you may depend upon their never receiving any injury
from me. It happened, not long afterwards, as the
Eagle was upon the wing in quest of his prey, that he
discovered amidst the ruins of an old castle a nest of
grim-faced ugly birds, with gloomy countenances,
and a voice like that of the Furies. These, undoubt-
edly, said he, cannot be the offspring of my friend,
and so I shall venture to make free with them. He
had scarce finished his repast and departed, when the
Owl returned; who, finding nothing of her brood re-
maining but some fragments of the mangled carcases,
broke out into the most bitter exclamations against
the cruel and perfidious author‘ of her calamity. A
neighbouring Bat, who overheard her lamentations,
and had been witness to what had passed between
her and the Eagle, very gravely told her that she had
nobody to blame for this misfortune but herself,
whose blind prejudices in favour of her children had
prompted her to give such a description of them as
did not resemble them in any one single feature or
quality.

Parents should very carefully guard against that
weak partiality towards their children which renders
them blind to their failings and imperfections, as no
disposition is more likely to prove prejudicial to their
future welfare.



PART I.] _ FABLES. 45

Me
Ni





ii ae “lll I









FABLE XXXITT,
The Sick Lion, the Fox, anv the Wolf.

Men who meditate mischief, suggest the same to others; and
generally pay dear for their froward gratifications.

LION, having surfeited himself with feasting

. too luxuriously on the carcase of a wild boar,
was seized with a violent and dangerous disorder.
The beasts of the forest flocked in great numbers to
pay their respects to him upon the occasion, and
scarce one was absent except the Fox. The Wolf,
an ill-natured and malicious beast, seized this oppor-
tunity to accuse the Fox of pride, ingratitude, and
disaffection to his majesty.’ In the midst of his
invective, the Fox entered; who having heard part
of the Wolf’s accusation, and observing the Lion’s
countenance to be kindled into wrath, thus adroitly
excused himself, and retorted upon his accuser: I see



46 FABLES. [PART L





many here who with mere lip service have pretended
to shew you their loyalty ; but for my part, from the
moment I heard of your majesty’s illness, neglecting
useless compliments, I employed myself day and
night to enquire among the most learned physicians
an infallible remedy for your disease, and have at
length happily been informed of one. It is a plaister
made of part of a Wolf’s skin, taken warm from his
back, and laid to your majesty’s stomach. This
remedy was no sooner proposed than it was deter-
mined that the experiment should be tried; and
whilst the operation was performing, the Fox, with
a sarcastic smile, whispered this useful maxim in the
Wolf’s ear—If you would be safe from harm your-
self, learn for the future not to meditate mischief
against others.





PART 1. | FABLES. ; 47













FABLE XXXTYV.
The Blind flan and the Lame.

The wants and weaknesses of individuals form the connections
of society. ;

BLIND maa, being stopped in a bad piece of
road, meets with a Lame man, and intreats
him to guide him through the difficulty he was got
into. How can I do that, replied the Lame man,
since I am scarce able to drag myself along? But
as you appear to be very strong, if you will carry me,
we will seek our fortunes together. It will then be
my interest to warn you of dnything that may
obstruct your way; your feet shall be my feet, and
my eyes yours, With all my heart, returned the
Blind Man; let us render each other our mutual
services. So taking his lame companion on his back,
they by means of their union travelled on with safety
and pleasure.



48 FABLES, [PART I.














thi



os il)
oe ett H
yun ost " HE i

FABLE XXXV.
The Lion, the Bear, the Monkey, and the For.

It is often move prudent to suppress our sentiments than either
to flatter or to rail.

HE Tyrant of the forest issued a proclamation,
commanding all his subjects to repair immedi-

ately to his royal den. Among the rest the Bear
made his appearance; but pretending to be offended
with the steams which issued from the monarch’s
apartments, he was imprudent enough to hold his
nose in his majesty’s presence. This insolence was
so highly resented, that the Lion in a rage laid him
dead at his feet. Vhe Monkey, observing what had
passed, trembled for his carcase; and attempted to
conciliate favour by the most abject flattery. He
began with protesting, that for his part he thought
the apartments were perfumed with Arabian spices ;
and exclaiming against the rudeness of the Bear,
admired the beauty of his majesty’s paws, so happily



PART I.] FABLES, 49



formed, he said, to correct the insolence of clowns.
This fulsome adulation, instead of being received as
he expected, proved no less offensive than the rude-
ness of the Bear; and the courtly Monkey was in
like manner extended by the side of Sir Bruin. And
now his majesty cast his eye upon the Fox. Well,
Reynard, said he, and what scent do you discover
here? Great prince, replied the cautious Fox, my
nose was never esteemed my most distinguishing
sense; and at present I would by no means venture
to give my opinion, as I have unfortunately got a
terrible cold,



FABLE XXXVI,
The Ting Barses.

The object of our pride is often the cause of our misfortunes.

WO Horses were travelling the road together ;
one loaded with a sack of flour, the other with

asum of money. The latter, proud of his splendid
D

5



50 FABLES. [PART I.

burthen, tossed up his head with an air of conscious
superiority, and every now and then cast a look of
contempt upon his humble companion. In passing
through a wood, they were met by a gang of high-
waymen, who immediately seized upon the horse that
was carrying the treasure ; but the spirited steed not
being altogether disposed to stand so quietly as was
necessary for their purpose, they beat him most un-
mercifully, and after plundering him of his boasted
load, left him to lament at his leisure the cruel bruises
he had received. Friend, said his despised com-
panion to him (who had now reason to triumph in his
turn), distinguished posts are often dangerous to those
who possess them: if you had served a miller, as I
do, you might have travelled the road unmolested.





PART I.] FABLES. 5













FABLE XXXVI.
The Maock-bird.

Ridicule appears with a very ill grace in persons who possess
no one talent beside.

‘HERE is a certain bird in the West Indies,
which has the faculty of mimicking the notes
of every other songster, without being able himself to
add any original strains to the concert. As one of
these Mock-birds was displaying his talent of ridicule
among the branches of a venerable wood: ’Tis very
well, said a little warbler, speaking in the name of all
the rest; we grant you that our music is not without
its faults: but why will you not favour us with a
strain of your own?



52 FABLES, [PART IL





Fasra XXXVI.

The Ant anv the Caterpillar.

Boys of no very promising appearance often become the greatest
Men:
S a Caterpillar was advancing very slowly along
one of the alleys of a beautiful garden, he was
met by a pert lively Ant, who tossing up her head
with a scornful air, cried, Prithee get out of the way,
thou poor creeping animal, and do not presume to
obstruct the paths of thy superiors, by wriggling
along the road, and besmearing the walks appro-
priated to their footsteps. -Poor creature! thou
lookest like a thing half-made, which Nature not
liking threw by unfinished. I could almost pity thee,
methinks; but it is beneath one of my quality to
talk to such mean creatures as thou art: and so, poor
crawling wretch, adieu.
The humble Caterpillar, struck dumb with this
disdainful language, retired, went to work, wound
himself up in a silken cell, and at the appointed time



PARTI] . FABLES. : 53



came out a beautiful Butterfly. Just as he was
sallying forth, he observed the scornful Ant passing
by. Proud insect, said he, stop a moment, and learn
from the circumstances in which you now see me,
never to despise any one for, that condition in which
Providence has thought fit to place him; as there is
none so mean but may one day, either in this state
or in a better, be exalted above those who looked
. down upon him with unmerited contempt.



FABLE XXXL.

The Two Lisards.

The superior safety of an obscure and humble station, is a balance
Sor the honours of high and envied life.

S two Lizards were basking under a south
wall, How contemptible, said one of them,

is our condition! We exist, ’tis true, but that is all:
for we hold no sort-of rank in the creation, and are
utterly unnoticed by the world. Cursed obscurity:!



' 54 | FABLES. [PART I.

Why was I not rather born a stag, to range at large,
the pride and glory of some royal forest? It
happened, that in the midst of these unjust murmurs,
a pack of hounds was heard in full cry after the very
creature he was envying, who, being quite spent with
the chase, was torn in pieces by the dogs in sight of
our two Lizards. And is this the lordly stag, whose
place in the creation you wish to hold? said the
wiser Lizard to his complaining friend: Let his sad
fate teach you to bless Providence for placing you
in that humble situation, which secures you from the
dangers of a more elevated rank.

TT

3

Le

|
i



FaBLe XL, :
Jupiter’s ALattern.
folly, passing with men for wisdom, makes each contented with
his own share of understanding.
{ UPITER, in order to please mankind, directed
Mercury to give notice that he had established
a Lottery, in which there were no blanks; and that



PART 1] FABLES, 55



amongst a variety of other valuable chances, Wisdom
was the highest prize. It was Jupiter’s command,
that in this Lottery some of the gods should also
become adventurers. The tickets being disposed of,
and the wheels placed, Mercury was employed to
preside at the drawing. It happened that the best
prize fell to Minerva: upon which a general murmur
ran through the assembly, and hints were thrown out
that Jupiter had used some unfair practices to secure
this desirable lot to his daughter. Jupiter, that he
might at once both punish and silence these impious
clamours of the human race, presented them with
Folly in the place of Wisdom; with which they went
away perfectly well contented. And from that time
the greatest Fools have always looked upon them-
selves as the wisest men. —







56 FABLES. [PART I.



FasLce XL,

The Snipe Shooter.
We often miss our point by dividing our attention.

S a sportsman ranged the fields with his gun,
attended by an experienced old Spaniel, he
happened to spring a Snipe; and almost at the same
instant, a covey of Partridges. Surprised at the
accident, and divided in his aim, he let fly too inde-
terminately, and by this means missed them doth.
Ah, my good master, said the Spaniel, you should
never have two aims at once. Had you not been
dazzled and seduced by the luxurious hope of Part-
tidge, you would most probably have secured your
Snipe,



PART 1] FABLES. 57





FapreE XLII,

The Tus Bays.

Our own moderation will not secure us from disturbance, if we
connect ourselves with men of turbulent and litigious dis-
positions.

ASTY and inconsiderate connections are gener-

_ ally attended with great disadvantages: and
much of every man’s good or ill fortune depends
upon the choice he makes of his friends.

A good-natured Spaniel overtook a surly Mastiff,
as he was travelling upon the high road. Tray,
although an entire stranger to Tyger, very civilly
accosted him: And if it would be no interruption,
he said, he should be glad to bear him company on
his way. Tyger, who happened not to be altogether
in so growling a mood as usual, accepted the pro-
posal; and they very amicably pursued their journey
together. In the midst of their conversation they
arrived at the next village, where Tyger began to



Full Text





\| The Baldwin Library
University
RmB x
Florida
BEWICK’S SELECT FABLES.


, ~

_ Is not the earth
With various living creatures, and the air
Replenished, and all those at thy command
To come and play before thee? Knowest thau not
Their language and their ways? They also know,
And reason not contemptibly : with these ©
Find pastime.”

—Paradise Lost, b. viii. 1. 370.

The above appeared on the titles of both the 1776 and 1784 editions 07
“SELecT Fases,” 7. Saint, Newcastle-upon- Tyne.





“sap Lag he eet ens ecmapaee wpaeelae 8 waste ct perttit




e

fa






Bewick’s Select Fables

OF Z4ESOP AND OTHERS.
dn Three Parts.

I. FABLES EXTRACTED FROM DODSLEV’S.
IT, Fasres with REFLECTIONS IN PROSE AND VERSE.

LTT, FasLes IN VERSE.
TO WHICH ARE PREFIXED

THE LIFE OF 42SOP, AND AN ESSAY UPON FABLE
BY OLIVER GOLDSMITH.

faithfully Reprinted from the Rare Newcastle Edition published
by T. SAINT 77 1784.

With the Original Wood Engrabings by Thomas Bebvich,
AND AN

Allustrates Preface by Edhoin Penrson.



LONDON:
BICKERS & SON, 1 LEICESTER SQUARE, W.C.


PRINTED BY BALLANTYNE AND COMPANY
EDINBURGH AND LONDON


PREFACE TO 1871 EDITION.



N the various periods of the world’s history men
have appeared who were gifted with greater
powers of mind and intelligence than the majority
_ of the people in whose age they lived, who, by
becoming the preceptors or teachers of the masses,
evidently fulfilled the designs of the Creator, by pro-
moting civilisation and happiness, by unity of thought
and knowledge. Such men were sop, William
Shakespeare, Fielding, Scott, and many others, and
later, in our own time, Thackeray and Charles Dickens.
One of the most ancient and interesting methods of
conveying instruction was by the art of Fable,
Allegory, or Parable.
Fable is an ingenious method of conveying advice
and instruction, without seeming so to do, by a
diverting little narrative, which, attracting atten-
viil PREFACE.



tion, irresistibly chains it till the moral is imper-
ceptibly rooted in the mind, there to influence, for
the Jetter it may be, all future actions of importance.
At sop was, and is, the most favourite of Fabulists,.
of whom a fair and goodly succession have since
appeared; but still Ae maintains, and will continue
to maintain the foremost place in literature as a
writer of instructive and entertaining Fables. We
here reprint an edition comparatively unknown in
the present generation, illustrated by the graver of
Bewick, and arranged by the pen of Goldsmith.
Bewick and Goldsmith’s early works are com-
paratively unknown to the literary and reading
world. We all know that Bewick designed and
engraved the inimitable “ British Quadrupeds,”
“ Birds,” “Fables,” &c, and that Goldsmith wrote
the “Vicar of Wakefield,” “Traveller,” ‘ Deserted
Village,” &c. but what do we know of their early
works—the progressive steps by which they attained
their wondrous and well-earned celebrity? It has.
been the pleasing pursuit of the writer (for some
years) to search for, and rescue from destruction and
oblivion, all possible eardy works of Bewick and
Goldsmith, The result has exceeded his most
sanguine expectations. He has discovered at least
twenty little works written by Goldsmith during his
weary hours of adversity, all bearing strong internal
evidence of the author’s mind and style. (A work
on this subject is preparing for the press, profusely
illustrated with original woodcuts, &c.) The ‘early.
editions of the present work were printed by T.
PREFACE. "ix



Saint, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. We will here give
a very brief resumé of Bewick’s earliest works (pub-
lished by Saint), with a few woodcuts: from the
original blocks, thus illustrating. the progressive
Stages of pictorial fine art by which Thomas Bewick
succeeded in producing the wood-engravings which
embellish the present volume, of which (edit. thee
Jackson, in his work on wood-engraving (1861,
480), says :—

“He (Bewick) scien improved as his talents
were exercised ; for the cuts in the “ Select Fables,”
1784, are generally much superior to those in “ Gay’s
Fables,” 1779, The animals are better drawn and
engraved; the sketches of landscape in the back-
grounds are more natural; and the engraving of
the foliage of the trees and bushes is not unfre-
quently scarce inferior to that of his later produc-
tions.”

Jackson gives three examples of these Fable cuts
in his work, at pp. 480, 503 (“ Wood-Engravings,”
1861). Thomas Bewick was apprenticed to R.
Beilby, October 1, 1767, It is probable that the cuts
given in next page are among the very first engraved
by Thomas Bewick during his apprenticeship, and
were used in “A New Invented Horn Book,” also
in “ Battledores,” “ Primers,” and “ Reading Easies,”
He then executed the diagrams for Hutton on
Mensuration, 4to, 1770. One of the cuts is given
in “Jackson” (p. 475), a representation of St
Nicholas’ celebrated steeple. This is the first £nozz
pictorial attempt of Bewick’s.
PREFACE.






PREFACE. x1





Facsimile of Bewick’s cut, St Nicholas’ Steeple, Newcastle, 1770.

No doubt coarse cuts were done by Bewick about
this time for Jocal Ballads, Broadsides, Garlands, and
Histories.

The next recognised work J. discovered myself,
the “New Lottery-Book of Birds and Beasts, for
Children to learn their Letters by, as soon as they
can speak” (Saint, 1771, 32mo, bds. and gilt). Two
of the cuts follow.



The “Child’s Tutor” (Saint, 1772-73, square 24mo),


xii PREFACE.





cuts, with verses, &c., by Oliver Goldsmith, The fol-
lowing is undoubtedly by the Poet’s hand :—* The
Lilliputian Magazine; or, the Young Gentleman and
Lady’s Golden Library, being an attempt to mend
the World, to render the Society of Man more ami-
able, and to establish the Plainness, Simplicity,
Virtue, and Wisdom of the Golden Age, so much
celebrated by the Poets and Historians—

‘ Man in that age no rule but Reason knew,
And with a native bent did Good pursue ;
Unfore’d by Punishment, unaw’d by Fear,
His Words were Simple and his Sotil Sincere.’ ”

(T. Saint, circa 1772, carly Bewick woodcuts, 144 pp.
24mo.) The verse and title bear the undoubted im-
press of his genius and style. Oliver Goldsmith
wrote it for J. Newbery, of London, but, as I shall
show in my larger work on this subject, there was
an arrangement between them by which Saint re-
printed many of his (Newbery’s) little books ‘for
the North-Country trade. We then have “Moral -
Instructions of a Father to his Son,” comprehend-
ing the whole system of Morality, &c, &c.; and
“Select Fables,” extracted from Dodsley, ‘and others,
adorned with emblematical cuts, 12mo0, T. Saint,
Newcastle, 1772 and 1775. ‘This, then, is one of the
jirst works of Saint’s we have seen containing cuts
of Fables,

Having a doubt respecting the cuts of this. rare
book, I took my copy to Miss Bewick (Jan. 1867),
and inquired of her if they were engraved by her
father. She kindly gave me the following authentic

a
PREFACE, ” xfil



information :-—“ The cuts were engraved by Thomas



‘* Moral Instructions,” 1772, and “Select Fables,” 1776.

Bewick in the first year of hiS apprenticeship
(1767-68), excepting the cut of a ship at sea, p.
167. This was engraved by David Martin, Bewick’s
fellow-apprentice, Bewick at this time disliking to
represent ‘water.” This, then, sets all doubt at
rest respecting the cuts in an “ Aésop’s Fables,”
“Gay’s Fables,” &c., &c., published by Saint about
this date, in which the same and similar cuts. were
used. The following, used in “Gay,” is evidently





Bewick’s first attempt at the subject | for which he
afterwards gained a premium.
xiv ; PREFACE.



The next is the first edition of the present volume,
“Select Fables” (T. Saint, Newcastle, 1776). In three
Parts. Part I, After the Manner of Dodsley’s.
Part I]. Fables with Reflections. Part III. Fables
in Verse. To which are prefixed the Life of Asop ;
and An Essay upon Fable—(same Verse and
Vignette, as in the 2d Edition, of 1784), Contain-
ing one hundred and fourteen cuts, zzcluding those





“Select Fables,” Asop, &c. (Saint, 1776).

mentioned in the “Moral Instructions,” described .
above, and fourteen larger and much superior cuts,
with borders, afterwards used with others in “ Gay’s
Fables,” printed by T. Saint, in 1779, The same
vignette appears on the title asin the Second Edition
of this Book in 1784, It also has a copperplate
frontispiece, “R. Beilby delint. et sculpt.” 12mo,
211 pages, 2 pages of Index, &c. (notice the varia-
tions in the Zztle, &c., to the 1784 edition). The only
copy of this edition (1776) I ever had, or saw, is now
in the unique collection of E. B. Jupp, Esq., who has
kindly lent the block for the Frontispiece to the pre-
PREFACE. ' "oxy





sent Edition. It was engraved for “The Beauties of
fEsop” (Kendal, circa 1800-22), by Thomas Bewick,
and is somewhat like Beilby’s copperplate frontis-
piece to 1776 Edition, but infinitely zmproved. It
contains about seventy delineations of animal and
bird life, &c. (see the tailpiece at page 122 of present
edition, extremely like in arrangement, execution,
&c.), while the portrait of Aésop is certainly the most
reasonable { have yet seen in examining the numerous
editions which have passed through my hands,

About this time, 1773 to 1776, many works issued
from Saint’s press—“ Robinson Crusoe,’ “ Watt’s
Songs,” Oliver Goldsmith’s “Tommy Trip” (see my
reprint, of 1867), “Goody Two Shoes,” “Golden
‘Toy or Fairing,” “Tom Telescope’s Newtonian
Philosophy,” “Tommy Tagg’s Poems,” and zzmerous
others. Examples of cuts follow.







Similar to “ Tommy Trip” series of Cuts.
XVI

PREFACE.









rr
ee
sc





























































































fee renters
ueranie scan a
erate
reve

ITY


PREFACE. xvil



i

( A it






G
= lise





















A New Edition of ‘Tommy Tagg,” with sixty cuts, will shortly be printed.
(Specimen of the Woodcuts.)

We now reach a period to which Bewick himself
thus refers at pages 59, 60 of his “ Memoirs” (Long-
man, 1862) :—“ We were occasionally applied to by
(local) printers to execute woodcuts for them...

b
xviii PREFACE.



Orders were received for cuts for Children’s Books,
chiefly for Thomas Saint, printer, Newcastle, and
successor of John White, who had rendered himself





** Story-Teller.”

famous for his numerous publications of histories and
old ballads. ... My time now became greatly taken
up with designing and cutting a set of wood blocks
PREFACE, xix



for the ‘Story-Teller7 ‘Gay’s Fables, and ‘Select
Fables, together with cuts of a similar kind for,
printers.”

The following are among those referred to by
Bewick:—-“ Youth’s Instructive and Entertaining
Story-Teller, being a Choice Collection of Moral
Tales, Chiefly deduced from real Life, calculated to
enforce the Practice of Virtue, and expand every
social Idea in the Human heart. Adorned with
emblematical cuts from the most interesting part of
each Tale, and methodised after the Plan recom-
mended by the late ingenious Dr Goldsmith. To
which is added, by way of Preface, Thoughts on the
Present Mode of Education.” (Newcastle, T. Saint.)
Three Editions, czvca 1774-7-8, 12mo, thirty-seven
woodcuts. The cuts in this book are larger than any
in the preceding books, We give the cut at page 48





























































































































of a Shipwrecked Sailor kneeling on a rock saying
XxX PREFACE.



his prayers, the tide rising around him, which is the
first and earliest engraving of this subject by T.
Bewick, afterwards one of his favourite Vignettes in
the “British Birds.” The others are all about the size
of the cuts in “Gay’s Fables,” 1779, or “Select
_ Fables,” 1784, and have similar borders.







“ Bob Easy.”

“Jackson” refers to this and the following two
works :—-“ Gay’s Fables.” Fables by the late Mr
Gay, in One Volume complete, Newcastle, printed
by and for T. Saint, 1779, 12mo, 77 cuts of Fables,
with borders and 33 Vignettes; for the tasteful and
clever engraving of five of the cuts (one, the Hunts-
man and Old Hound*) the Royal Society of Arts
presented Bewick with their medal; z¢ zs further
embellished with a beautifully engraved . Frontispiece,
by R. Beilby (T. Saint, Newcastle, 1779). We give

* An impression is given in “‘ Jackson,” at page 477 (Edition 1861,
Bohn). See also next page. ;
PREFACE. Xxi



an impression of the original wood-engraving, ex-
ceedingly interesting, as now Bewick seems to have
received the required impetus or encouragement to
produce the engravings for “Select Fables,” T. Saint,
1784. Inthree parts. Part I. Fables extracted from



Dodsley’s; Part. II. Fables, with Reflections in Prose
and Verse; Part III. Fables in Verse; to which are
prefixed the Life of Ausop, and an Essay upon Fable.
A New Edition Improved. For this edition a new set
of cuts was engraved by Thomas Bewick. “These
cuts were then deemed superior to any of Bewick’s
previous productions.” The same year another im-
_ pression of this work was printed with the same title |
page, but considerable variations in the letterpress,
and vignettes occur at pages 122, 125, and 152, which
are not in the former edition, printed in 1784, 12mo,
This is the book we now reprint (Saint’s collection
Xxil PREFACE.



of Bewick’s blocks having passed into my hands.)
An original copy of the 1784 edition in fine state is
so rare, that a copy has realised, at auction, £7, Ios.
Bewick says (p. 60, “Memoir,” 1862): “Some of the
Fable (“ Gay,” 1779) cuts were thought so much of
by my master (Beilby), that he, in my name, sent
impressions of a few of them to be laid before the
Society for the Encouragement of Arts, &c., and I
obtained a premium.” (Seven guineas, which he
took intense pleasure in presenting to his mother.)
We have thus, by easy stages, travelled through the
various phases of talent, to the most important work
produced before his wedl-known “ British Quadru-
peds,” first published 1790; “British Birds,’ 1797,
1804; and his /arge edition of “ Atsop’s Fables,”
1818 (each work embellished with his inimitable
and ever-pleasing vignettes) Examples from all
these works follow.



border, has realised twenty guineas. See ‘‘ Jackson on Wood-Engraving.”
PREFACE. xxiii









ae

SS

“* Select Fables,” 1820, Charnley’s Edition, 8vo, and in early Children’s
Books (Saint, Newcastle).
xxiv PREFACE.





Intended for ** Bewick’s British Birds”’—“Chimney Swallow,” injured and rejected.



SS
SS
2
SA
= i=
SS



Facsimile of Bewick’s Skylark.
SSE



SAAT ATAU

y






PREFACE,







Vignette to “‘ Birds,’—Angler and Sportsman.

| a (a i

‘

e.

Fl Avec






ae











aS a ee i
ve

1) a

N
ty

|
SS |










It









«x My

ss
NICER AI Eien caiivaantitn

Engraved for ‘‘ Bewick’s sop,”





















y) t
a i All (
ine puna ml INP CRA

1818, unfinished and rejected.
xxvi PREFACE.





Vignette to ‘ sop.”

These remarks are rapidly written, but they are
the result of years of research and study: so
that the reader of this Preface has a brief resumé
of Bewick’s talents from his earliest. efforts to his
most finished productions; @ vresudéé which no one.
living is able to give from the original wood-
cuts but myself; thus forming a most useful manual
or pictorial azz to connoisseurs in selecting early
works illustrated by “ Bewick,” the more valuable, as
scarcely any of the works mentioned as published by
Saint are in the British Museum.

Now, as to the “ Goldsmith” interest as connected |
with this work, the 1776 Newcastle edition was
evidently copied from “ Dodsley’s” and other editions
of “Select Fables of Zsop” published in London
prior to this period. In the meantime, J. Newbery
and others, for whom Goldsmith wrote prefaces and
arranged and edited books, had published new
editions, so that when Saint went to press with
«A New Edition Improved” (with a new set of cuts
PREFACE. xxvii



by the Bewicks), evidently the book was remodelled
and extended from one that Goldsmith -had just
edited. In Dodsley’s Preface to his Fables, he says
“he has been assisted in it by gentlemen of the most
distinguished abilities ; and that several, both of the
old and the new Fables, are not written by himself,
but by authors with whom it is an honour to be con-
nected.” Dodsley also refers to the Life of A®sop,
&c., as being written by “a learned and ingenious
friend.” Doubtless Dr Johnson and Goldsmith were
_the “authors,” and Goldsmith the “ friend,’ here
referred to, Be that as it may, the present work
bears sufficient internal evidence in the “Essay on
Fable,” the “ Poetical Applications,” and the “ Fables
in Verse,” that Oliver Goldsmith was the author;
for it is identical in style with numerous prefaces and
essays written about this period by Oliver Goldsmith
for. Newbery, Dodsley, Griffiths, and others. -Much
conclusive evidence on this interesting subject will
be given in my new book on “The early works of
Bewick and Goldsmith” (a Prospectus of which will
shortly be issued). The applications to this edition
are infinitely superior to any edition which had
appeared prior to its publication. In Sir Roger
L’Estrange and Croxall’s editions, the applications
were warped away from their original and intended
effect by political distortions and obsolete terms,
which often strayed far from, instead of assisting, the
subject. It is somewhat refreshing, then, in the
edition here reprinted, to meet with some applica-
tions which are everything that could be desired, in
xxvili PREFACE.



easy, naturally flowing, and apt language, just to the
point; and who was so much a master of such
language as Oliver Goldsmith ?—of whom Dr Johnson
said, “He left no species of writing unadorned.”
It may be interesting here to quote from Bewick’s
Memoir of himself (not published till 1862), his
’ opinion of this book, which at once justifies the parent,
preceptor, or friend, in selecting this as a most szzf-
able present for the young of both sexes; he says
(pages 172-3):—*J was extremely fond of that
book (‘ Aisop’s Fables’); and as it had afforded me
much pleasure, I thought, with better executed
designs, it would impart the same kind of delight
to others that I had experienced from attentively
reading it. J was also of opinion, that it had (while
admiring the cuts) led hundreds of young men into.
the paths of wisdom and rectitude, and in that way
had materially assisted the pulpit.”

The lessons intended to be conveyed through the
medium of Fable are certainly plainer and easier to
be understood in this edition than in the once popular
“ Croxall;” and the publishers believe, therefore, that
the book in its present form will be found a powerful
auxiliary in the important practical feeling for the
education of the rising generation, illustrated as it is
by the early but forcible and natural rendering of
these Fables by the inimitable Bewick, through the
medium of which is imparted the profound good
sense, wisdom, and experience of the ancient
philosophers. I have already exceeded the limits
of an ordinary Preface. Ona future occasion I will
PREFACE. XXIx



endeavour to show how coincidently Bewick and
Goldsmith worked together to produce results—the .
importance of which can scarcely be fully estimated.
I will now conclude with one of those exquisite
little pictures of nature that will never cease to
exhibit the true art of pleasing as long as “the
language of England is spoken, or her literature
cultivated.”

EDWIN PEARSON.







** Say, should the philosophic mind disdain
That good, which makes each humble bosom vain ?
Let school-taught pride dissemble all it can,
These “tile things are great to little man.”


leseseecsese: onsazostensastenceseeaeeeas:

OY “ROY “lay” “ar “ala”

THE LIFE OF ASOP.



0

SOP, according to the best accounts, was a
native of Phrygia, a province of the Lesser

Asia, and born in the city Cotieum.* He was a
person of a remarkable genius, and extraordinary
character; for though he was born a slave, by the
assistance of his genius and virtue only, he procured
his own emancipation. By his sage counsels and
judicious advice he directed his countrymen to
measures that secured their liberty, and by a single
Fable baffled the tyrannical projects of Croesus, King
of Lydia. The most part of writers agree that his
person was but unseemly, though there are some of a
contrary opinion.t| It is probable that he was of a
low and diminutive stature, though agreeable in his
complexion, and polite in his manners. It is, how-
ever, certain that he had a great soul, and was
endowed with extraordinary mental qualifications ;
his moral character approached to a degree of per-
fection to which very few have attained. He appears
to have had a true sense of morality, and a just dis+

* Suidas. + Alsop.
LIFE OF 4@SOP. kxxi



cernment of right and wrong; his perceptions and
feelings of truth were scrupulously nice, and the
smallest deviation from rectitude impressed his mind
with the greatest antipathy. No considerations of
private interest could warp his inclinations so as to
seduce him from the paths of virtue; his principles
were stedfast and determined, and truly habitual.
‘He never employed his great wisdom to serve the
purposes of cunning; but, with an uncommon exact-
ness, made his understanding a servant to truth.
Historians have given many instances of his wit and
shrewdness, which were always employed in the ser-
vice of virtue, philanthropy, and benevolence,
It cannot well be ascertained who were his parents,
though some have affirmed that his father was a
shepherd.* He himself was undoubtedly a slave;
his first master was an Athenian, whose name was
Caresias. At Athens he learned the Greek language
in perfection, and acquired a taste for writing moral
_ Instructions, in the way of Fables, which was then
the prevailing mode of teaching morals in Attica.
‘His Fables are allegorical stories, delivered with an
air of fiction, under various personifications, to con-
‘vey truth to the mind in an agreeable manner. By
telling a story of a Lion, Dog, or a Wolf, the Fabulist
describes the manners and characters of men, and
communicates instruction without seeming to assume
the authority of a master or a pedagogue. ®sop’s
situation as a slave might suggest this method to
him ; for what would have been scornfully rejected if

* Philostratus.
xxxii LIFE OF & SOP.



delivered in an authoritative style by a slave, was
received with avidity in the form of a fable,

feésop had several masters; his second master was
Xanthus, in whose service he discovered great wisdom
and sagacity in answering questions, and reconciling
differences. By the following stratagem he made his
master’s wife return back, after she had run away and
left him, and effectually reconciled them: our Fabu-
list, then a slave, went to the market, and bought a
great quantity of the best provisions, which he pub-
licly declared were intended for the marriage of his
master with a new spouse. This report had its
desired effect, and the matter was amicably com-
posed. The story of his feast of Meat Tongrege, and
his answer to a gardener; are scarcely worthy of
relating. At a feast made on purpose to celebrate -
the return of his master’s wife, he is said to have
served the guests with several courses of tongues, by
which he intended to give a moral lesson to his
master and mistress, who had by the too liberal use
of their tongues occasioned the difference which was
now agreed.

The third master of Aésop was Idmon, who was
surnamed the wise, Idmon was an inhabitant of the
island of Samos. During AXsop’s servitude with this
master, he had a fellow-servant called Rhodopis, who
some affirm was his wife.* This does not at all
appear credible, for there is no mention made of this
among the Greek writers. This Rhodopis became
afterwards very famous for her riches, and was_cele-

* Pliny.




| LIFE OF 42S0P. XXXxiii



brated all over Greece. ‘Idmon is said to have been
so well pleased with sop, that after he had been
some time in his service, he emancipated him, and
made him free. With the enjoyment of liberty, he
acquired new reputation, and became celebrated for
his wisdom, Heis by some compared to the Seven
Sages of Greece, and accounted their equal in wis-
dom. He had the honour to be acquainted with
Solon and Chilo, and was equally admitted with
them in the Court of Periander, the King of the
Corinthians, who was himself one of the Sages of
Greece. Hewas.much esteemed by Croesus, King
of Lydia, and received into his Court at Sardis,
During his residence at Sardis, he gave proofs of his
sagacity which astonished the courtiers of Croesus.
This ambitious Prince having one day shewn his wise
men his vast riches and magnificence, and the glory
and splendour of his court, asked them the question,
whom they thought the happiest man? After seve-
ral different answers given by all the wise men pre-
sett, it came at last to AZsop to make his reply, who
said: That Cresus was as much happier than other

- men as the fulness of the sea was superior to the rivers.

Whether this was spoken ironically or in earnest does
not appear so evident; but according to the severe
morality of AZsop, it would rather appear to be a
sarcasm, though it was otherwise understood by the
King, and received as the greatest compliment, It
wrought so much upon his vanity, that he exclaimed:
Lhe Phrygian had hit the mark, One thing which
renders it probable that A®sop flattered Croesus on
c
Xxxiv LIFE OF 4ESOP.



this occasion is his conversation with Solon, who at
this time departed from the court of the King of
Lydia. When they were upon the road, Aisop ex-
claims: O Solon! either we must not speak to Kings,
or we must say what will please them. Solon replied:
We should either not speak to Kings at all, or we should
give them good advice,and speak truth. This seems
to be one instance in which A®sop is charged with
flattery and dissimulation. Some writers praise him
‘for his complaisance to so great a Prince; but it
is rather a proof of his policy than his ordinary
strictness and integrity. There is another instance
recorded by some writers of the life of AEsop, of his
complaisance to Princes, even contrary to the liberties
of the people. He is said to have written a Fable in
favour of the tyrant Pisistratus, which Phedrus has
translated, and proves that he was reconciled to
tyranny. But this is no way evident. There are
many Fables which are mingled with those of AZsop,
which are not his, yet have been fathered upon him;
and it is not consistent with the other parts of his
character and writings to suppose that he would
either flatter tyrants or defend them. The author-
ities from whence these supposed facts are taken are
not to be depended upon.

In all other particulars he appears to have pro-
ceeded upon the principles of wisdom, as far as any.
of the Sages of Greece, When he was asked by
Chilo, one of the wise men, What God was doing?
He replied, with great adroitness, That he was hum-
bling the proud and exalting the humble, He had just
LIFE OF 2SOP. XXXV



views of human nature, and assigned true reasons for
allits Phenomena. In an account of the paintings in
the time of the Antonines, Philostratus informs us,
‘that there is one of A’sop which makes a principal
figure. The painter represents him before his own
house, with the geniuses approaching him with a sort
of adulating pleasure as the inventor of Fables: they
are painted as adorning him with wreaths and chap-
lets of flowers, and crowning him with olive branches.
His countenance appears in a smiling attitude, while
his eyes seem fixed towards the ground, as if com-
posing a Fable, with the same gaiety and good
humour with which he usually wrote. There is a
group of men and beasts placed around him, and
amongst the rest the Fox, which makes a capital
‘figure, as he does in the Fables. This picture does
not represent A®sop in a decrepit form, but sets him
forth with a mixture of gravity and good humour.
The image of his mind is well drawn by Plutarch in
his Feast of the Sages ai the court of Periander, who
himself was one of the Seven, It was at this feast
that /Zsop repeats his Fable of The Wolf and the
Shepherds, to shéw that the company were guilty of
‘the same fault. From Plutarch’s account it is mani-
fest that AEsop’s conversation was pleasant and witty,
but yet delicate. He was satirical without disobliging,
and the poignancy of his wit was smoothed with good
nature and good sense.

The writer of his life prefixed to Dodsley’s Fables
compares him to Dean Swift, but with very little
propriety ; for he has a delicacy in all his wit which
XXXV1 LIFE OF 4ESOP.



the Dean of St Patrick’s was a total stranger to;
and, what is more strange, he had nearly as much
Christianity.

It has been doubted if he was the inventor of
Fables; but it is certain he was the first that brought
that species of writing into reputation. Archilochus
is said to have written Fables one hundred years
before him;* but it would appear. that those stories
were not written for posterity like those of sop.
The Fables of A‘sop were written in prose, though
the images that are in them afford good scope for a
poet, of which Phzedrus has given an elegant speci-
men. /Xsop writes with great simplicity, elegance,
and neatness; the schemes of his Fables are natural,
the sentiments just, and the conclusions moral. Quin-
tilian recommends his Fables as a first book for
children ;t and, when Plato had sent all the poets
into exile, he allows A’sop a residence in his com-
monwealtht The Athenians were good judges of
literary merit, and erected a noble statue for Aésop,
to perpetuate his memory, which was sculped by the
famous Lysippus.

The great excellency of AZsop’s manner of writing
is, that he blends the’ pleasing and the instructive so
well as to instruct and please at once. Horace is
much indebted to him for a plan of writing, and has
formed a rule from this famous Fabulist :

Ommne tulit punctum, qui miscuit utile dulci;
Lectorem delectando, pariterque monendo.
—De Arte Poet. ver. 343.



* Priscian. + Institut. Orat.i.c.9. £ De Repub. Lib, ii.
ESSAV UPON FABLE. xxxvii



T wish I could conceal the exit of this great Fabu-
list and Moral Writer. He was accused by the
Delphians of sacrilege, and convicted by an act of
the greatest villany that ever was invented. They
concealed among his ‘baggage, at his departure, some
golden vessels consecrated to Apollo, and then dis-
patched messengers to search his baggage. Upon
this he was accused of theft and sacrilege, condemned,
and precipitated over a rock. Thus ended the famous
Esop, whose Fables have immortalised his memory,
and will hand down his name to the latest posterity.



‘0.



-AN ESSAY UPON FABLE.

ABLE is the method of conveying truth under

the form of an Allegory. The sense of a Fable

is entirely different from the literal meaning of the

words that are used to compose it; and yet the real

intention thereof is visible and manifest, otherwise

the Fable is not well composed. The sense of a

Fable of the moral kind ought always to be obvious

at first view, that the instruction intended to be
given may have as early an effect as possible.

The chief thing to be considered in a Fable is the
action, which conveys the moral or truth designed for
instruction. There ought only to be one action in a
Fable, which must appear through the whole; other-
wise it will be liable to admit of different interpre-
tations, and be the same as a riddle, and have no
effect. Clearness, Unity, and Probability, are inci-
ae. ESSAY UPON FABLE.



dents essentially necessary in a moral Fable. If a
‘Fable be not so plain as to point out the sense of the
writer clearly, but admit of different interpretations,
it does.not answer the true design thereof. If the
incidents tend to convey different ideas, then the
reader will be at a loss to understand the chief inten-
tion of the author. All the various incidents ought
manifestly to unite in one design, and point out one
clear and perspicuous truth. Many of the modern
Fables labour under this defect; the incidents do not
manifestly tend to point out the moral, Fontaine’s
Fable of the two pigeons, and Croxall’s story of the
coach-wheel, are of this sort.

The incidents of a Fable ought also to have @ real
foundation in nature, This rule may be infringed by
ascribing to creatures appetites and passions that are °
not consistent with their known characters. “A Fox
should not be said to long for Grapes.”* The rule
of Horace will hold universally—

Sed non ut placidis coeant immitia : non ut
Serpentes avibus geminentur, tigribus agni.

Delphinum Sylvis appingit Fluctibus aprum.
—Hlorace, |. 13.

* This alludes to the well-known Fable of Zhe Fox and the Grapes,
which, however absurd it may appear in this part of the world, is not
so in the East, for Dr Hasselquist, in his Travels, p. 184, observes,
that “the Fox is an animal common in Palestine, and that there is
plenty of them near the convent of St John in the Desert about vintage
time ; and they destroy all the vines unless they are strictly watched.”
To the same effect Solomon saith in the Canticles, ii. 18, ‘* Take us the
foxes, the little Foxes that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender
grapes.” Therefore this ancient Apologue is very piopetly restored,
‘without prejudice to nature or common sense,
“ESSAY UPON FABLE. XXXIX



To join the wild with creatures that are tame,
Serpents with birds, or tygers with the lamb,
Paint whales in woods, and wild boars in the sea,
Ah, what a motley piece the whole would be!

Creatures different in their nature must not be
associated ina just Fable. The Lamb must not be
made to travel with the Fox, nor the Wolf and the
Sheep to feed or associate together; for all this is
unnatural, and can never. be rendered a. probable
object of belief, The incidents ina Fable ought also
to be few, lest by crowding circumstances too close,
the whole appear confused, and perplex the mind.

The next thing to be considered in Fable is the
wmagery or characters; these may either be. men,
beasts, or inanimate beings. _ All these have been
introduced by the ancient Fabulists. In all personi-
fications the rules of analogy are to be observed ; in
those things wherein man and other creatures have
no similitude, no true image can be formed in what
respects human society. The persons and characters
assumed in Fables, ought therefore to have a likeness
to the things to which they are compared. All nature
may serve to furnish a Fabulist with machinery,
Mountains, rivers, trees, animals, and even invisible
powers may answer his purpose; but,in the use of all
sorts of machinery, a proper regard must always be
held to analogy. When language is attributed to
animals, they must not be made to speak in a style
which bears no similitude to some property in their
nature; an owl must not be made to sing like a
nightingale ; nor should a raven be made the symbol
xl ESSAY UPON FABLE,



of an orator. When beasts are made the representa-
tions of men, there ought always to be something in
their nature that bears a similitude to their character.
The same may be said of things inanimate ; a strong
man may be compared to a mountain, but it would be
preposterous to make the same comparison of a dwarf. -
Vices and virtues ought in the same manner to be
delineated in Fable; a proud man may be compared
to a high hill, a humble person to a low valley. This
is authorised by the writings of the Old Testament:
The high mountains shall be brought low, and every
valley shall be exalted.

When human actions are attributed to invisible
powers, or especially to the Deity, they ought to be
such as are worthy of those ideas which are generally
received concerning him. In this, Homer is very
faulty; for he exalts his men almost to Gods, and
brings down his Gods to the level of- beasts,

As for the style of Fable, simplicity is the greatest
excellence; that familiar manner of speech in which
we converse is best suited for the purposes of Fable.
This manner of writing is more difficult to attain
than is generally imagined ; it requires a particular
taste, and is harder to imitate than the sublime itself.
The style of a Fable must always be adapted to the
characters which are introduced: for it would be
absurd to make the eagle speak in the same style
with the bat; or the King of the forest express him-
self in the language of the mouse. But in all these
particulars, nature will be the best guide; and where
this is deficient, no art can supply the want of it,


ieee gue aes ee

EER RRRADARAR

FABLES, &.













Fasze I.
The Miller, his Son, and their Ass.

Tis better to pursue the dictates of ones own reason, than
attempt to please all mankind.

MILLER and his Son were driving their Ass

to market, in order to sell him: and that he

might get thither fresh and in good condition,
they drove him on gently before them. They had

not proceeded far, when they met a company of
A
2 FABLES, [PART I.



travellers. Sure, say they, you are mighty careful
of your Ass: methinks, one of you might as well get
up and ride, as suffer him to walk on at his ease,
while you trudge after on foot. In compliance with
this advice, the Old Man set his Son upon the beast.
And now, they had scarce advanced a quarter of a ~
mile farther, before they met another company. You
idle young rogue, said one of the party, why don’t
you get down and let your poor Father ride? Upon
this, the Old Man made his Son dismount, and got up
himself. While they were marching in this manner,
a third company began to insult the Father. You
hard-hearted unnatural wretch, say they, how can
you suffer that poor lad to wade through the dirt,
while you, like an alderman, ride at your ease? The
good-natured Miller stood corrected, and immediately -
took his Son up behind him. And now the next man
they met exclaimed, with more vehemence and in-
dignation than all the rest—-Was there ever such a
couple of lazy boobies! to overload in so unconscion-
able a manner a poor dumb creature, who is far less
able to carry them than they are to carry him! The
complying Old Man would have been half inclined to
make the trial, had not experience by this time suffi-
ciently convinced him, that there cannot be a more

fruitless attempt than to endeavour to please all man-
kind..
PART I.] FABLES. 3







Fasce fT,
The For and the Bramble.

We should bear with patience a small evil, when it ts connected
with a greater good.

FOX closely pursued by a pack of dogs took
shelter under the covert of a Bramble. He
rejoiced in this asylum, and for a while was very
happy : but soon found, that if he attempted to stir,
he was wounded by thorns and prickles on every side.
However, making a virtue of necessity, he forbore to
complain ; and comforted himself with reflecting, that
no bliss is perfect ; that good and evil are mixed, and
flow from the same fountain. These briars indeed,
said he, will tear my skin a little, yet they keep off
the dogs. For the sake of the good, then, let me bear
the evil with patience: each bitter has its sweet, and
these brambles, though they wound my flesh, preserve
my life from danger.
4 FABLES. [PART I.



FABLE LL,
The Butterfly anv the Boze.

We exclaim loudly against that inconstancy in another to which .
we give occasion by our own.

FINE powdered Butterfly fell in love with a
beautiful Rose, who expanded her charms in

a neighbouring parterre. Matters were soon adjusted
between them, and they mutually vowed eternal
fidelity. The Butterfly, perfectly satisfied with the
success of his amour, took a tender leave of his mis-
tress,and did not return again till noon. What! said
the Rose, when she saw him approaching, is the ardent
passion you vowed so soon extinguished? It is an
age since you paid mea visit. But no wonder: for I
observed you courting by turns every flower in the
garden. You little coquet, replied the Butterfly, it
well becomes you, truly, to reproach me with my
gallantries; when in fact I only, copy the example
PART I.] FABLES. 5



which -you yourself have set me, For, not to men-
tion the satisfaction with which you admitted the
kisses of the fragrant Zephyr, did I not see you dis-
playing your charms to the bee, the fly, the wasp, and,
in short, encouraging and receiving the addresses of
every buzzing insect that fluttered within your view ?
If you will be a coquet, you must expect to find me
inconstant,















rt i TT er
is ee cc

yy

i





























il
ee

Fasce IV,
The Clock and the Wial.

There is no absolute independency in the world; every one
depends in his station upon some above him, and that if this
order was taken away, there would be nothing except error
and confuston in the universe.

CLOCK, which served for many years to re-
peat the hours and point out time, happened
to fall into conversation with a Dial, which also served,
6 FABLES. [PART I.



when the sun shone, to tell what was the time of day.
It happened to be ina cloudy forenoon, when the sun
did not shine. Says the Clock to the Dial, What a
mean slavery do you undergo! you cannot tell the
hour without the sun pleases to inform you; and now
the half of the day is past, and you know not what
o’clock it is. I can tell the hour at any time, and
would not be in such a dependent state as you are in
for the world. Night,and.day are both alike to me,
It is just now twelve o’clock, Upon this the sun shone
forth from under the cloud, and showed the exact time
of the day. It was half an hour past twelve. The
Dial then replied to the Clock, You may now perceive
that boasting is not good; for you see you are wrong,
It'is better to be under direction and follow truth,
than to be eye to one’s self and go wrong; your
freedom is only a liberty to err; and what you call
slavery in my case, is the only method of being freely
in the right. You see that we should all of us keep
our stations, and depend upon one another. I depend.
upon the sun, and you depend upon me; for if.I did
not serve to regulate your motions, you see you would
for ever go wrong,


PART 1] FABLES. 7





ic Gx i tio

(fTuutirttieasanreb ts

FABLE V.
Whe Tortoige any the Tino Crows,

Curiosity often excites those people to hazardous undertakings,
whom vanity and indiscretion render totally unfit for them.

ANITY and idle curiosity are qualities which
generally prove destructive to those who suffer
themselves to be governed by them.

A Tortoise, weary of passing her days in the same
obscure corner, conceived a wonderful inclination to
visit foreign countries. Two Crows, whom the simple
Tortoise acquainted with her intention, undertook to
oblige her upon the occasion. Accordingly, they
told her, that if she would fasten her mouth to the
middle of a pole, they would take the two ends, and

‘transport her whithersoever she chose to be conveyed.
The Tortoise approved of the expedient; and every-
8 , FABLES. [PART I.



thing being prepared, the Crows began their flight
with her. They had not travelled long in the air,
when they were met by a Magpie, who inquiring
what they were bearing along, they replied the queen
of the Tortoises. The Tortoise, vain of the new and
unmerited appellation, was going to confirm the title,
when, opening her mouth for that purpose, she let go
her hold, and was dashed to pieces by her fall.

i
Hi

cna j i i
0

| ia wi i

y
4)















FaBLe VI,
The Country May and the Milk-Jail. -

When we dwell much on distant and chimerical advantages, we
neglect our present business, and are exposed to real mis-
Sortunes.

HEN men suffer their imagination to amuse
them with the prospect of distant and un-
‘certain improvements of their condition, they fre-
PART LJ FABLES, ; 9



quently sustain real losses by their inattention to
those affairs in which they are immediately con-
cerned,

A Country Maid was walking very deliberately with
a pail of milk upon her head, when she fell into the
following train of reflections :—The money for which
T shall sell this milk, will enable me to increase my
stock of eggs to three hundred. These eggs, allowing
for what may prove addle, and what may be destroyed
by vermin, will produce at least two hundred and fifty
chickens. The chickens will be fit to carry to market
about Christmas, when poultry always bear a good
price, so that by May-day I cannot fail of having
money enough to purchase a gown. Green!—let me
consider—yes, green becomes my complexion best,
and green it shall be. In this dress I will go to the
fair, where all the young fellows will strive to have
me for a partner; but I shall perhaps refuse every one
‘of them, and with an air of disdain toss from them.
Transported with this triumphant thought, she could
not forbear acting with her head what thus passed in
her imagination, when down came the pail .of milk,
and with it all her imaginary happiness,


10 FABLES. [PART I.



:

; WY













£asLe VII,
* The Spiver and the Silktoorm.

He that is employed in works of use generally advantages him-
self or others; while he who toils alone for fame must often
expect to lose his labour,

OW vainly we promise ourselves that our flimsy
productions will be rewarded with immortal
honour! A Spider, busied in spreading his web from
one side of a room to the other, was asked by an in-
dustrious Silkworm, to what end he spent so much
time and labour, in making such a number of lines
and circles? The Spider angrily replied, Do not dis-
turb me, thou ignorant thing: I transmit my ingenuity
to posterity, and fame is the object of my wishes.
Just as he had spoken, a chambermaid, coming into
the room to feed her Silkworms, saw the Spider at
his work, and with one stroke of her broom, swept

him away, and destroyed at once his labours and his
hope of fame.
PART L.] FABLES, - II



neha
anna i

Sug



















Fapte VIII,
The Bee and the Fly.

The greatest genius with a vindictive temper ts far surpast in
point of happiness by men of talents less considerable.

BEE, observing a Fly frisking about her hive,
asked him, in a very passionate tone, what he

did there? Is it for such scoundrels as you, said she,
to intrude into the company of the queens of the air?
You have great reason, truly, replied the Fly, to be out
of humour. I am sure they must be mad who would
have any concern with so quarrelsome a nation. And
why so? thou saucy malapert, returned the enraged
Bee; we have the best laws, and are governed by the
best policy in the world. We feed upon the most
fragrant flowers, and all our business is to make
honey: honey which equals nectar, thou tasteless
wretch, who livest upon nothing but putrefaction and
j2 FABLES. . [PART L



excrement. We live as we can, rejoined the Fly.
Poverty, I hope, is no crime; but passion is one, I

‘am sure. The honey you make is sweet, I grant you;
but your heart is all bitterness: for to be revetiged on
an enemy, you will destroy your own life; and are so
incofsiderate in your rage, as to do more mischief to
yourselves than to your adversary. Take my word
for it, one had better have less considerable talents,
and use them with more discretion. a:

y











FABLE IX,

Che Buran anv the Frenchman.

Custom has a mighty effect upon mankind, and more differences
arise in character from custom than from natural causes,
Perhaps all men are in the state they should be in; they
should therefore live contented. :

N N airy Frenchman happened to meet a Huron
upon the Mississippi, as he went with his bow
and shafts to seek provision for his family. Says
PART L.] FABLES, 13
Monsieur to the savage, You have a very toilsome life
of it, who, when other people sit by the fireside, en-
joying the benefit of good food and good company,
are obliged to traverse the woods in the midst of
snow and storms: to preserve a wretched existence,
How come you by your food? replies the Huron.
Does it rain from the clouds to you? No, says the
Frenchman ; we work in summer, and make provision
for winter, and, during the cold months, sit by the fire
and enjoy ourselves.’ For the same reason, says the
Huron, do we lay up provisions in winter, that we
may rest in summer when the days are hot. Your
enjoyments are confined within the walls of a house,
and by the side of a fire, but ours are more extensive;
we assemble upon the mountains and in the woods in
summier for pleasure, and our delights are to observe
the works of nature; the sun serves us instead of fire
to warm us, and we are never at a loss for houses while
the woods remain, This is the season when we lay
up our store, and it serves us in summer till winter
return, We are accustomed to endure the cold, and
our exercise keeps us from feeling it to excess. At
night the skins of wild beasts keep us from the cold
till the morning dawn, and then we pursue the same
employments, Were we not to live in this manner,
the wild beasts would so increase, that they would
become our masters ; but our necessity of having food
and clothing prevents them from increasing to very
-great numbers. What you account pleasure, would
be none to us; and your manner of life appears as
ridiculous to the Hurons, as ours appears to you,
14 FABLES. [PART 1.



You reckon us idolaters, because we pay adoration to
the rising sun; but you misunderstand us; we con-
sider that light to be a symbol of the great Author of
Nature, and only worship him through this luminary.
We do not understand your manner of worship, which
to us appears abundantly absurd ; for the Deity is no
more like images of gold and silver, than he is like the
sun. The sun is a more glorious effect of his power
and goodness; for he serves many excellent purposes,
and we could not live without him; but your symbols
appear to have no use. Vhe Frenchman could make.
no reply, and the Huron proceeded on his hunting,


PART 1] FABLES. 15

































































































FABLE X,

Grnius, Virtue, anv Weputation,
There are few things so trreparably lost as Reputation.

ENTIUS, Virtue, and Reputation, three intimate
friends, agreed to travel over the island of

Great Britain, to see whatever might be worthy of
observation. But as some misfortune, said they, may
happen to separate us, let us consider before we set
set out by what means we may find each other again.
Should it be my ill fate, said Genius, to be severed
from you, my associates—which Heaven forbid !—
you may find me kneeling in devotion before the
tomb of Shakespear, or rapt in some grove where
Milton talked with angels, or musing in the grotto
where Pope caught inspiration. Virtue, with a sigh,
acknowledged that her friends were not very numer-
ous: but were I to lose you, she cried, with whom I
am at present so happily united, 1 should choose to
16 FABLES. [PART I.



take sanctuary in the temples of religion, in the
places of royalty, or in the stately domes of ministers
of state; but as it may be my ill-fortune to be there
denied admittance, inquire for some cottage where
contentment has a bower, and there you will cer-
tainly find me. Ah! my dear companions, said
Reputation, very earnestly, you, I perceive, when
missing, may possibly be recovered; but take care,
I entreat you, always to keep sight of me, for if J am
once lost, I am never to be retrieved.

il
= il

M
i i ———— fi











FABLE XI,
Tnvustey any Sloth.

Our term of life does not allow time jor long protracte
deliberations.

OW many live in the world as useless as if they
had never been born! They pass through
life like a bird through the air, and leave no track
PART 1] FABLES. , 17



behind them; waste the prime of their days in deli-
berating what they shall do, and bring them to a
period without coming to any determination.

An indolent young man, being asked why he lay
in bed so long, jocosely and carelessly answered,
Every morning of my life I am hearing causes. I
have two fine girls, their names are Industry and
Sloth, close at my bed-side as soon as ever I awake,
pressing their different suits. One intreats me to get
up, the other persuades me to lie still; and then they
alternately give me various reasons why I should rise,
and why I should not. This detains me so long, as
it is the duty of an impartial judge to hear all that
can be said on either side, that before the pleadings
are over, it is time to go to dinner.


18 FABLES. [PART I.





I

| (i=

FABLE XII,
The Wermit and the Bear,

The random zeal of inconsiderate friends ts often as hurtful -
as the wrath of enemies.

N imprudent friend often does as much mischief
by his too great zeal as the worst enemy could
effect by his malice.

A certain Hermit having done a good office to a
Bear, the grateful creature was so sensible of his obli-
gation, that he begged to be admitted as the guardian
and companion of his solitude. The Hermit willingly
accepted his offer, and conducted him to his cell,
where they passed their time together in an amicable
manner.. One very hot day, the Hermit having laid
him down to sleep, the officious Bear employed him-
self in driving away the flies from his patron’s face.
But in spite of all his care, one of the flies perpetually
returned to the attack, and at last settled upon the
PART 1.] FABLES, 19



Hermit’s nose. NowI shall have you most certainly,
said the Bear; and with the best intentions imagin-
able, gave him a violent blow on the face, which very
effectually indeed demolished the Fly, but at the same
time most terribly bruised the face of his benefactor.

q



























FABLE XIII,

The Passenger and the Wilst.

We are nowhere out of the reach of Providence, either to
punish or to protect us.

T had blown a violent storm at sea, and the whole
ctew of a large vessel were in imminent danger

of shipwreck. After the rolling of the waves were
somewhat abated, a certain Passenger, who had never
been at sea before, observing the Pilot to have ap-
peared wholly unconcerned, even in their greatest
danger, had the curiosity to ask him what death his
father died. What death? said the Pilot; why he
20 FABLES. [PART I.



perished at Sea, as my grandfather did before him.
And are you not afraid of trusting yourself to an
element that-has thus proved fatal to your family ?
Afraid !|—by no means.. Why we must all die: is
not your father dead? Yes, but he died in his bed.
And why then are you not afraid of trusting yourself
to your bed? Because 1 am there perfectly secure.
It may be so, replied the Pilot; but if the hand of
Providence is equally extended over all places, there
is no more reason for me to be afraid of going to sea
than for you to be afraid of going to bed.















ae (
nt ARTA aie i

Fabre XIV.
The Partial Dudye.

The injuries we do, and those we suffer, are seldom weighed
in the same scales.
FARMER came to a neighbouring Lawyer
expressing great concern for an accident which
he said had just happened. One of your oxen, con-




PART I.] : FABLES, 2



tinued he, has been gored by an unlucky bull of mine,
and I shall be glad to know how I am to make you
ateparation. Thou art a very honest fellow, replied
the Lawyer, and wilt not think it unreasonable that I
expect one of thy oxen in return. It is no more than
justice, quoth the Farmer, to be sure; but what did
I say ?—I mistake: it is your bull that has killed one

_of my oxen. Indeed! says the Lawyer; that alters
the case: I must inquire into the affair; and if.
And if/ said the Farmer; the business I find would
have been concluded without an zf had you been
as ready to do justice to others as to exact it from
them.
























22 FABLES. : [PART 1.





FABLE XV,
The Lien and the Cinat.

Little minds are so much elevated by any advantage gained over
their superiors, that they are often thrown off their guard
against a sudden change of fortune.

VAUNT! thou paltry contemptible insect! said

a proud Lion one day to a Gnat that was
frisking about in the air near his den. The Gnat,
enraged at this unprovoked insult, vowed revenge, and
immediately darted into the Lion’s ear. After having
sufficiently teased him in that quarter, she quitted
her station and retired under his belly,.and from
thence made her last and most formidable attack in
his nostrils, where stinging him almost to madness,
the Lion at length fell down, utterly spent with rage,
vexation, and pain. The Gnat having thus abun-
dantly gratified her resentment, flew off in great
exultation; but in the heedless transports of her
PART 1] FABLES. 23



success, not sufficiently attending to her own security,
she found herself unexpectedly entangled in the web
' of a spider; who, rushing out instantly upon her, put
an end to her triumph and her life.

This fable instructs us, never to suffer success so

far to transport us as to throw us off our guard against
a reverse of fortune.





















FABLE XVI,

The Bog anv the Crocodile.

Lt is ever dangerous to be long conversant with persons of a
bad character.

E can never be too carefully guarded against
a connection with persons of an ill character.

As a dog was coursing on the banks of the Nile,
he grew thirsty; but fearing to be seized by the

monsters of that river, he would not stop to satiate
his draught, but lapped as he ran. A Crocodile,
24 FABLES. [PART I.



raising his head above the surface of the water, asked
him, why he was in such a hurry. He had often, he
said, wished for his acquaintance, and should be glad
to embrace the present opportunity. You do me
great honour, returned the Dog, but it is to avoid
such companions as you that I am in so much haste.



FABLE XVII,

The WAsll in Disguise.

There would be little chance of detecting hypocrisy, were it not
always addicted to over-act tts part.

‘\ESIGNING hypocrites frequently lay them-
selves open to discovery by over-acting their
parts.

A Wolf, who by frequent visits to a flock of sheep
in his neighbourhood, began to be extremely well
known to them, thought it expedient, for the more
successfully carrying on his depredations, to appear
PART 1] FABLES. 25



in anewcharacter. To this end he disguised himself
in a shepherd’s habit; and resting his fore-feet upon
a stick, which served him by way of crook, he softly
made his approaches towards the fold. It happened
that the shepherd and his dog were both of them
extended on the grass fast asleep; so that he would
certainly have succeeded in his project, if he had
not imprudently attempted to imitate the shepherd’s
voice. The horrid noise awakened them both: when
the Wolf, encumbered with his disguise, and finding
it impossible either to resist or to flee, yielded up his
life an easy prey to the shepherd’s dog.






























it







LSemywott

Wn ull
Fase XVII.

The Ass anv his Master.

Avarice often misses tts point, through the means it uses to
Secure it.

DILIGENT Ass, daily loaded beyond his
strength by a severe Master, whom he had
long served, and who kept him at very short com-
26 FABLES. [PART I.
mons, happened one day in his old age to be oppressed
with a more than ordinary burthen of earthenware.
His strength being much impaired, and the road
deep and uneven, he unfortunately made a trip, and,
unable to recover himself, fell down and broke all
the vessels to pieces. His Master, transported with
rage, began to beat him most unmercifully. Against
whom the poor Ass, lifting up his head as he lay on
the ground, thus strongly remonstrated: Unfeeling
wretch! to thy own avaricious cruelty, in first pinch-
ing me of food, and then loading me beyond my
strength, thou owest the misfortune pa thou so
unjustly imputest to me.


PART I.] ’ FABLES, 27



Fata maaan :
eee
a
i











Fasre XIX,

The Eagle and the Crotn.

A false estimate of our own abilities ever exposes us to ridicule,
and sometimes to danger.

O mistake our own talents, or over-rate our
abilities, is always ridiculous, and sometimes
dangerous. _
An Eagle, from the top of a high mountain, making
a stoop at a lamb, pounced upon it, and bore it away
to her young. A Crow, who had built her nest in a
cedar near the foot of the rock, observing what
passed, was ambitious of performing the same ex-
ploit; and darting from her nest, fixed her talons in
the fleece of another lamb. But neither able to move
her prey, nor to disentangle her feet, she was taken
by the shepherd, and carried away for his children to
play with; who eagerly enquiring what bird it was:
28 FABLES, _ (PART L



—An hour ago, said he, she fancied herself an eagle;
however, I suppose she is by this time convinced that
she is but a crow.



FABLE XX.

The Lion, the Tyger, and the For.

The intemperate rage of clients gives the lawyer an opportunity
of seizing the property in dispute.

LION anda Tyger jointly seized on a young

fawn, which they immediately killed. This
they had no sooner performed than they fell a fight-
ing, in order to decide whose ‘property it should be.
The battle was so bloody and so obstinate that they
were both compelled, through weariness and loss of
blood, to desist; and lay down by mutual consent, .
totally disabled. At this instant, a Fox unluckily
came by; who, perceiving their situation, made bold
to seize the contested prey, and bore it off unmolested.
PART 1] FABLES. 29



As soon as the Lion could recover his breath,—How
foolish, said he, has been our conduct! Instead of.
being contented, as we ought, with our respective
shares, our senseless rage has rendered us unable to
prevent this rascally Fox from defrauding us of the

L-

)

whole.







Fase XXII,
The ion and the Ass.

A total neglect is the best return the generous can make to the
scurrility of the base.

CONCEITED Ass had once the impertinence

to bray forth some contemptuous speeches
against the Lion. The suddenness of the insult at
first raised some emotions of wrath in his breast; but
turning his head, and perceiving from whence it came,
they. immediately subsided, and he very sedately
walkéd on, without deigning to honour the contemp-
tible creature even so much as with an angry word,

1
30 FABLES, [PART 1.





















FABLE XXII,

The Trunpeter.

The fomenter of mischief is at least as culpable as he who puts
: at in execution.

TRUMPETER in a certain army happened to

be taken prisoner. He was ordered immedi-
ately to execution ; but pleaded, in excuse for himself,
that it was unjust a person should suffer death, who,
far from an intention of mischief, did not even wear
an offensive weapon. So much the rather, replied one
of the enemy, shalt thou die; since without any design
of fighting thyself, thou excitest others to the bloody
business: for he that is the abetter of a bad action, is
at least equally guilty with him that commits it.
PART 1] FABLES. 31



i i ATT TTT

Sa

) abs

ae
He
a









Fasre XXIII,
The Bear and the Bees.

Lt were more prudent to acquiesce under an injury from a single
person, than by an act of vengeance to bring upon us the
resentment of a whole community.

BEAR happened to be stung by a Bee, and the

pain was so acute, that in the madness of re-
venge he ran into the garden and overturned the hive.
This outrage provoked their anger to a high degree,
and brought the fury of the whole swarm upon him.
They attacked him with such violence, that his life
was in danger, and it was with the, utmost difficulty
that he made his escape, wounded from head to tail.
In this desperate condition, lamenting his misfortunes,
and licking his sores, he could not forbear reflecting
how much more advisable it had been to have patiently
acquiesced under one injury, than thus by an unpro-
fitable resentment to have provoked a thousand.
32 FABLES. [PART I.







‘Fapte XXIV.

The Oak and the Willow.

The courage of meeting death in an honourable cause is more
commendable, than any address or artifice we can make use
of to evade it.

CONCEITED Willow had once the vanity to
challenge his mighty neighbour the Oak to a

trial of strength. It was to be determined by the
next storm; and A®olus was addressed by both parties
to exert his most powerful efforts. This was no
sooner asked than granted; and a violent hurricane
arose, when the pliant Willow, bending from the blast,
or shrinking under her, evaded all its force, while the
generous Oak, disdaining to give way, opposed its
fury, and was torn up by the roots. Immediately the
Willow began to exult, and to claim the victory, when
thus the fallen Oak interrupted his exultation: Callest
PART 1] FABLES. 33



thou this a trial of strength? Poor wretch! not to
thy strength, but weakness; not to thy boldly facing
danger, but meanly skulking from it, thou owest thy
present safety. I aman Oak, though fallen ; thou still
a Willow, though unhurt: but who, except so meana
wretch as thyself, would prefer an ignominious life,
preserved by craft or cowardice, to the glory of meet-
ing death in an honourable cause?



FABLE XXV.,
The Bear and the Tine Iriends.

Cowards are incapable of true Friendship,

WO Friends, setting out together upon a journey
which led through a dangerous forest, mutually
promised to assist each other if they should happen
to be assaulted. They had not proceeded far before

they perceived a Bear making towards them with
Cc
34 FABLES, [PART I.





great rage, There were no hopes in flight; but one
of them, being very active, sprung up into a tree;
upon which the other, throwing himself flat on the
ground, held his breath, and pretended to be dead, |
remembering to have heard it asserted that this
creature will not prey upon a dead carcase. The
Bear came up, and after smelling to him for some
time, left him, and went on. When he was fairly out
of sight and hearing, the hero from the tree calls out
—Well, my friend, what said the Bear? He seemed
to whisper you very closely. He did so, replied the
other, and gave me this good piece of advice: Neyer
to associate with a wretch who in the hour of danger
will desert his friend.


PART 1] FABLES. 35





FABLE XX VI,

The Wlasps and the Bees.

Jt is a folly to arrogate works to ourselves of which we are by
no means capable.

RETENDERS of every kind are best detected
by appealing to their works.

Some honeycombs being claimed by a swarm of
Wasps, the right owners protested against their
demand, and the cause was referred to a Hornet.
Witnesses being examined, they deposed that certain
winged creatures, who had a loud hum, were of a
yellowish colour, and somewhat like bees, were ob-
served a considerable time hovering about the place
where this nest was found. But this did not suff-
ciently decide the question ; for these characteristics,
the Hornet observed, agreed no less with the Bees than
with the Wasps. At length a sensible old Bee offered
to put the matter upon this decisive issue: Let a
36 FABLES. [PART I,



place be appointed by the court, said he, for the
plaintiffs and defendants to work in, It will then
soon appear which of us are capable of forming such
regular cells, and afterwards of filling them with so
delicious a fluid. The Wasps refusing to agree to
this proposal, sufficiently convinced the judge on
which side the right lay, and he decreed the honey-
combs accordingly.





fiaste XX VII,

Fortune and the School-bow.

We are always ready to censure Fortune for the ill effects of our
own carelessness.

A SCHOOL-BOY, fatigued with play, threw him-
self down by the brink of a deep pit, where he
fell fast asleep. Fortune happening to pass by, saw

_ him in this dangerous situation, and kindly gave him
a tap on the shoulder: My dear child, said she, if you
PART 1] FABLES, 37



had fallen into this pit, I should have borne the blame;
though in fact the accident would have been wholly
owing to your own carelessness.

Misfortune, said a celebrated Cardinal, is but
another word for imprudence. The maxim is by
no means absolutely true: certain, however, it is,
that mankind suffer more evils from their own im-
prudence, than from events which it is not in their
power to controul.

s



Fasre X XVII.
The Belly anv the Limbs,

Lt is a folly even to wish to withhold our part from the support
of civil government.
ENENIUS AGRIPPA, a Roman Consul, being

deputed by the senate to appease a dangerous.
tumult and sedition of the people, who refused to pay


38 FABLES, [PART I.



the taxes necessary for carrying on the business of
the state, convinced them of their folly by delivering
to them the following fable :—
My friends and countrymen, said he, attend to my
words. It once happened that the Members of the
human body, taking some exception at the conduct
of the Belly, resolved no longer to grant him the usual
supplies. The Tongue first, in a seditious speech,
aggravated their grievances; and after highly ex-
tolling the activity and diligence of the Hands and
Feet, set forth how hard and unreasonable it was that
the fruits of their labour should be squandered away
upon the insatiable cravings of a fat and indolent
Paunch, which was entirely useless, and unable to do
anything towards helping himself. This speech was
received with unanimous applause by all the Members.
Immediately the Hands declared they would work no
more; the Feet determined to carry no further the
load of guts with which they had hitherto been op-
pressed; nay, the very Teeth refused to prepare a
single morsel more for his use. In this distress, the
Belly bethought them to consider maturely, and not
foment so senseless a rebellion, Thereis none of you,
says he, can be ignorant that whatsoever you bestow
upon me is immediately converted to your use, and
dispersed by me for the good of you all into every
Limb. But he remonstrated in vain ; for during the
clamours of passion, the voice of reason is always
disregarded. It being therefore impossible for him
to quiet the tumult, he starved for want of their
assistance, and the body wasted away to a skeleton.
PART 1.] FABLES. 39



The Limbs, grown-weak and languid, were sensible at
last of their error, and would fain have returned to
their respective duties; but it was now too late, death
had taken possession of the whole, and tney. all
perished together.



e Ds
AN a i

FABLE XXLX.,
Ohe WHoll and the Bamb.

They who do not feel the sentiments of humanity will seldone
listen to the pleas of reason.

HEN cruelty and injustice are armed with
power, and determined on oppression, the
strongest pleas of innocence are preferred in vain.

A Wolf and a Lamb were accidentally quenching
their thirst together at the same rivulet. The Wolf
stood towards the head of the stream, and the Lamb
at some distance below. The injurious beast, resolved
on a quarrel, fiercely demands—How dare you dis-.
40 FABLES. [PART IL.



turb the water which I am drinking? The poor Lamb,
all trembling, replies, How, I beseech you, can that
possibly be the case, since the current sets from you
to me? Disconcerted by the force of truth, he
changes the accusation. Six months ago, says he,
you vilely slandered me. Impossible, returns the
Lamb, for I was not then born. No matter, it was
your father, then, or some of your relations; and im-

mediately seizing the innocent Lamb, he tore him to
pieces.

ee









FABLE XEX.
The Daw with Borrvetoed Feathers.

To aim at figure by the means either of borrowed wit, or borrowed
money, generally subjects us at least to tenfold ridicule.

\ \ J HEN a pert young Templar or city apprentice
sets up for a fine gentleman, with the assist-
ance of an embroidered waistcoat and Dresden ruffles;


PART 1.] FABLES. 4r

but without one qualification proper to the character,
how frequently does it happen that he is laughed at
by his equals, and despised by those whom he pre-
sumed to imitate!

A pragmatic Jackdaw was vain enough to imagine
that he wanted nothing but the coloured plumes to
render him as elegant a bird as the Peacock. Puffed
up with this wise conceit, he dressed himself with a
sufficient quantity of their most beautiful feathers,
and in this borrowed garb, forsaking his old com-
panions, endeavoured to pass for a Peacock; but he
no sooner attempted to associate with these genteel
creatures, than an affected strut betrayed the vain
pretender. The offended Peacocks, plucking from
him their degraded feathers, soon stripped him of
his finery, reduced him to a mere Jackdaw, and drove
him back to his brethren, by whom he was now
equally despised, and justly punished with derision
and contempt.




42 FABLES. [PART I.

Ie

i

ATE
0 i
i

au







FABLE AXXT,
The Wolf ana the Shepherds.

We severely censure that ix others, which we ourselves practise.
without scruple.

OW apt are men to condenin in others what
they practise themselves without scruple!

A Wolf, says Plutarch, peeping into a hut where a
company of Shepherds were regaling themselves with
a joint of mutton; Lord, said he, what a clamour
would these men have raised if they had catched me
at such a banquet!
PART 1.] FABLES. — 43







Siti





SSH S Sina
amie"?
Wii WT ‘fmm









FABLE XXXII,
The Bayle and the Owl.

The partiality of parents often makes themselves ridiculous, and
their children unhappy.

N Eagle and an Owl having entered into a league

of mutual amity, one of the articles of their
treaty was, that the former should not prey upon the
younglings of the latter. But tell me, said the Owl,
should you know my little ones if you were to see
them? Indeed I should not, replied the Eagle; but
if you describe them to me, it will be sufficient. You
are to observe, then, returned the Owl, in the first
place, that the charming creatures are perfectly well
shaped; in the next, that there is a remarkable
sweetness and vivacity in their countenances; and
then there is something in their voices so peculiarly
melodious, It is enough, interrupted the Eagle; by
these marks I cannot fail of distinguishing them; and
44. FABLES. — [PART I.



you may depend upon their never receiving any injury
from me. It happened, not long afterwards, as the
Eagle was upon the wing in quest of his prey, that he
discovered amidst the ruins of an old castle a nest of
grim-faced ugly birds, with gloomy countenances,
and a voice like that of the Furies. These, undoubt-
edly, said he, cannot be the offspring of my friend,
and so I shall venture to make free with them. He
had scarce finished his repast and departed, when the
Owl returned; who, finding nothing of her brood re-
maining but some fragments of the mangled carcases,
broke out into the most bitter exclamations against
the cruel and perfidious author‘ of her calamity. A
neighbouring Bat, who overheard her lamentations,
and had been witness to what had passed between
her and the Eagle, very gravely told her that she had
nobody to blame for this misfortune but herself,
whose blind prejudices in favour of her children had
prompted her to give such a description of them as
did not resemble them in any one single feature or
quality.

Parents should very carefully guard against that
weak partiality towards their children which renders
them blind to their failings and imperfections, as no
disposition is more likely to prove prejudicial to their
future welfare.
PART I.] _ FABLES. 45

Me
Ni





ii ae “lll I









FABLE XXXITT,
The Sick Lion, the Fox, anv the Wolf.

Men who meditate mischief, suggest the same to others; and
generally pay dear for their froward gratifications.

LION, having surfeited himself with feasting

. too luxuriously on the carcase of a wild boar,
was seized with a violent and dangerous disorder.
The beasts of the forest flocked in great numbers to
pay their respects to him upon the occasion, and
scarce one was absent except the Fox. The Wolf,
an ill-natured and malicious beast, seized this oppor-
tunity to accuse the Fox of pride, ingratitude, and
disaffection to his majesty.’ In the midst of his
invective, the Fox entered; who having heard part
of the Wolf’s accusation, and observing the Lion’s
countenance to be kindled into wrath, thus adroitly
excused himself, and retorted upon his accuser: I see
46 FABLES. [PART L





many here who with mere lip service have pretended
to shew you their loyalty ; but for my part, from the
moment I heard of your majesty’s illness, neglecting
useless compliments, I employed myself day and
night to enquire among the most learned physicians
an infallible remedy for your disease, and have at
length happily been informed of one. It is a plaister
made of part of a Wolf’s skin, taken warm from his
back, and laid to your majesty’s stomach. This
remedy was no sooner proposed than it was deter-
mined that the experiment should be tried; and
whilst the operation was performing, the Fox, with
a sarcastic smile, whispered this useful maxim in the
Wolf’s ear—If you would be safe from harm your-
self, learn for the future not to meditate mischief
against others.


PART 1. | FABLES. ; 47













FABLE XXXTYV.
The Blind flan and the Lame.

The wants and weaknesses of individuals form the connections
of society. ;

BLIND maa, being stopped in a bad piece of
road, meets with a Lame man, and intreats
him to guide him through the difficulty he was got
into. How can I do that, replied the Lame man,
since I am scarce able to drag myself along? But
as you appear to be very strong, if you will carry me,
we will seek our fortunes together. It will then be
my interest to warn you of dnything that may
obstruct your way; your feet shall be my feet, and
my eyes yours, With all my heart, returned the
Blind Man; let us render each other our mutual
services. So taking his lame companion on his back,
they by means of their union travelled on with safety
and pleasure.
48 FABLES, [PART I.














thi



os il)
oe ett H
yun ost " HE i

FABLE XXXV.
The Lion, the Bear, the Monkey, and the For.

It is often move prudent to suppress our sentiments than either
to flatter or to rail.

HE Tyrant of the forest issued a proclamation,
commanding all his subjects to repair immedi-

ately to his royal den. Among the rest the Bear
made his appearance; but pretending to be offended
with the steams which issued from the monarch’s
apartments, he was imprudent enough to hold his
nose in his majesty’s presence. This insolence was
so highly resented, that the Lion in a rage laid him
dead at his feet. Vhe Monkey, observing what had
passed, trembled for his carcase; and attempted to
conciliate favour by the most abject flattery. He
began with protesting, that for his part he thought
the apartments were perfumed with Arabian spices ;
and exclaiming against the rudeness of the Bear,
admired the beauty of his majesty’s paws, so happily
PART I.] FABLES, 49



formed, he said, to correct the insolence of clowns.
This fulsome adulation, instead of being received as
he expected, proved no less offensive than the rude-
ness of the Bear; and the courtly Monkey was in
like manner extended by the side of Sir Bruin. And
now his majesty cast his eye upon the Fox. Well,
Reynard, said he, and what scent do you discover
here? Great prince, replied the cautious Fox, my
nose was never esteemed my most distinguishing
sense; and at present I would by no means venture
to give my opinion, as I have unfortunately got a
terrible cold,



FABLE XXXVI,
The Ting Barses.

The object of our pride is often the cause of our misfortunes.

WO Horses were travelling the road together ;
one loaded with a sack of flour, the other with

asum of money. The latter, proud of his splendid
D

5
50 FABLES. [PART I.

burthen, tossed up his head with an air of conscious
superiority, and every now and then cast a look of
contempt upon his humble companion. In passing
through a wood, they were met by a gang of high-
waymen, who immediately seized upon the horse that
was carrying the treasure ; but the spirited steed not
being altogether disposed to stand so quietly as was
necessary for their purpose, they beat him most un-
mercifully, and after plundering him of his boasted
load, left him to lament at his leisure the cruel bruises
he had received. Friend, said his despised com-
panion to him (who had now reason to triumph in his
turn), distinguished posts are often dangerous to those
who possess them: if you had served a miller, as I
do, you might have travelled the road unmolested.


PART I.] FABLES. 5













FABLE XXXVI.
The Maock-bird.

Ridicule appears with a very ill grace in persons who possess
no one talent beside.

‘HERE is a certain bird in the West Indies,
which has the faculty of mimicking the notes
of every other songster, without being able himself to
add any original strains to the concert. As one of
these Mock-birds was displaying his talent of ridicule
among the branches of a venerable wood: ’Tis very
well, said a little warbler, speaking in the name of all
the rest; we grant you that our music is not without
its faults: but why will you not favour us with a
strain of your own?
52 FABLES, [PART IL





Fasra XXXVI.

The Ant anv the Caterpillar.

Boys of no very promising appearance often become the greatest
Men:
S a Caterpillar was advancing very slowly along
one of the alleys of a beautiful garden, he was
met by a pert lively Ant, who tossing up her head
with a scornful air, cried, Prithee get out of the way,
thou poor creeping animal, and do not presume to
obstruct the paths of thy superiors, by wriggling
along the road, and besmearing the walks appro-
priated to their footsteps. -Poor creature! thou
lookest like a thing half-made, which Nature not
liking threw by unfinished. I could almost pity thee,
methinks; but it is beneath one of my quality to
talk to such mean creatures as thou art: and so, poor
crawling wretch, adieu.
The humble Caterpillar, struck dumb with this
disdainful language, retired, went to work, wound
himself up in a silken cell, and at the appointed time
PARTI] . FABLES. : 53



came out a beautiful Butterfly. Just as he was
sallying forth, he observed the scornful Ant passing
by. Proud insect, said he, stop a moment, and learn
from the circumstances in which you now see me,
never to despise any one for, that condition in which
Providence has thought fit to place him; as there is
none so mean but may one day, either in this state
or in a better, be exalted above those who looked
. down upon him with unmerited contempt.



FABLE XXXL.

The Two Lisards.

The superior safety of an obscure and humble station, is a balance
Sor the honours of high and envied life.

S two Lizards were basking under a south
wall, How contemptible, said one of them,

is our condition! We exist, ’tis true, but that is all:
for we hold no sort-of rank in the creation, and are
utterly unnoticed by the world. Cursed obscurity:!
' 54 | FABLES. [PART I.

Why was I not rather born a stag, to range at large,
the pride and glory of some royal forest? It
happened, that in the midst of these unjust murmurs,
a pack of hounds was heard in full cry after the very
creature he was envying, who, being quite spent with
the chase, was torn in pieces by the dogs in sight of
our two Lizards. And is this the lordly stag, whose
place in the creation you wish to hold? said the
wiser Lizard to his complaining friend: Let his sad
fate teach you to bless Providence for placing you
in that humble situation, which secures you from the
dangers of a more elevated rank.

TT

3

Le

|
i



FaBLe XL, :
Jupiter’s ALattern.
folly, passing with men for wisdom, makes each contented with
his own share of understanding.
{ UPITER, in order to please mankind, directed
Mercury to give notice that he had established
a Lottery, in which there were no blanks; and that
PART 1] FABLES, 55



amongst a variety of other valuable chances, Wisdom
was the highest prize. It was Jupiter’s command,
that in this Lottery some of the gods should also
become adventurers. The tickets being disposed of,
and the wheels placed, Mercury was employed to
preside at the drawing. It happened that the best
prize fell to Minerva: upon which a general murmur
ran through the assembly, and hints were thrown out
that Jupiter had used some unfair practices to secure
this desirable lot to his daughter. Jupiter, that he
might at once both punish and silence these impious
clamours of the human race, presented them with
Folly in the place of Wisdom; with which they went
away perfectly well contented. And from that time
the greatest Fools have always looked upon them-
selves as the wisest men. —




56 FABLES. [PART I.



FasLce XL,

The Snipe Shooter.
We often miss our point by dividing our attention.

S a sportsman ranged the fields with his gun,
attended by an experienced old Spaniel, he
happened to spring a Snipe; and almost at the same
instant, a covey of Partridges. Surprised at the
accident, and divided in his aim, he let fly too inde-
terminately, and by this means missed them doth.
Ah, my good master, said the Spaniel, you should
never have two aims at once. Had you not been
dazzled and seduced by the luxurious hope of Part-
tidge, you would most probably have secured your
Snipe,
PART 1] FABLES. 57





FapreE XLII,

The Tus Bays.

Our own moderation will not secure us from disturbance, if we
connect ourselves with men of turbulent and litigious dis-
positions.

ASTY and inconsiderate connections are gener-

_ ally attended with great disadvantages: and
much of every man’s good or ill fortune depends
upon the choice he makes of his friends.

A good-natured Spaniel overtook a surly Mastiff,
as he was travelling upon the high road. Tray,
although an entire stranger to Tyger, very civilly
accosted him: And if it would be no interruption,
he said, he should be glad to bear him company on
his way. Tyger, who happened not to be altogether
in so growling a mood as usual, accepted the pro-
posal; and they very amicably pursued their journey
together. In the midst of their conversation they
arrived at the next village, where Tyger began to
58 FABLES. [PART I.



display his malignant disposition, by an unprovoked
attack upon every dog he met. The villagers imme-
diately sallied forth with great indignation to rescue
their respective favourites ; and falling upon our two
friends without distinction or mercy, poor Tray was
most cruelly treated, for no other reason but his
being found in bad company,















Aimee

The Trouts and the Gudgesn,

A person can hardly be deemed too cautious, where the first
mistake is trretrievable, or fatal,

FISHERMAN in the month of May stood
angling on the banks of the Thames with

an artificial fly. He threw his bait with so much
art, that a young Trout was rushing towards it, when
she was prevented by her mother. Never, said she,
my child, be too precipitate, where there is a possi-
bility of danger. Take due time to consider, before
PART 1] FABLES. 59



you risk an action that may be fatal. How know
you whether yon appearance be indeed a fly, or the
snare of an enemy? Let some one else make the
experiment defore you. If it be a fly, he very
probably will elude the first attack: and the second
may be made, if not with success, at least with safety.
—She had no sooner uttered this caution, than a
Gudgeon seized upon the pretended fly, and became
an example to the giddy daughter of the great
importance of her mother’s counsel.

| i ez





aa

FaBLte XLTYV.
The Sun and the Wind.

Gentle means, on many occasions, are more effectual than violent
ONES.

HQ@EBUS and olus had once a dispute which

of them could soonest prevail with a certain

traveller to part with his cloak. Zolus began the

attack, and assaulted him with great violence. But
60 FABLES. [PART I.



the man, wrapping his cloak still closer about him,
doubled his efforts to keep it, and went on his way.
And now, Phoebus darted his warm insinuating rays,
which melting the traveller by degrees, at length
obliged him to throw aside that cloak which all the
rage of A©olus could not compel him to resign. Learn
hence, said Phoebus to the blustering god, that soft
and gentle means will often accomplish what force
and fury can never effect,

WA,



uy
ity

Faster XLV.
The Boy and the Hettle.

There are.certain persons who require to be treated rather with
spirit and resolution, than either tenderness or delicacy.

LITTLE Boy playing in the fields, chanced to

be stung by a Nettle, and came crying to his
father: he told him, he had been hurt by that nasty
weed several times before; that he was always afraid
PART L.] FABLES. 61



of it; and that now he did but just touch it, as lightly
as possible, when he was so severely stung. Child,
says he, your touching it so gently and timorously is
the very reason of its hurting you. A Nettle may be
handled safely, if you do it with courage and resolu-
tion ; if you seize it boldly and gripe it fast, be assured
it will never sting you: and you will meet with many
sorts of persons, as well as things in the world, which
ought to be treated in the very same manner.











Fasle XLVI,
The Beggar and his Bag,

7 . ‘6
Tis misery to depend upon patrons, whose circumstances make
their charity necessary at home.

A BEGGAR and his Dog sat at the gate of a

noble Courtier, and was preparing to make a
meal on a bowl of fragments from the Kitchen-maid.
_ A poor Dependant of his Lordship’s, who had been
62 FABLES. [PART I.



sharing the singular favour of a dinner at the Steward’s
table, was struck with the appearance, and stopped a
little to observe them. The Beggar, hungry and
voracious as any Courtier in Christendom, seized
with greediness the choicest morsels, and swallowed
them himself; the residue was divided into portions
for his children. A scrag was thrust into one pocket
for honest Jack, a crust into another for bashful Tom,
and a luncheon of cheese was wrapt up with care for
the little favourite of his hopeful family. In short, if.
anything was thrown to the Dog, it was a bone so
closely picked, that it scarce afforded a pittance to
keep life and soul together. How exactly alike, said
the Dependant, is this poor Dog’s case and mine! He
is watching for a dinner from a master who cannot
spare it; I for a place from a needy Lord, whose
wants perhaps are greater than my own, and whose
relations more clamorous than any of this Beggar’s
brats. Shrewdly was it said by an ingenious writer,
- a Courtier’s Dependant is a Beggar's Dog.


PART L.] FABLES. 63



Nee pee
Se



FasLte XLVI,
The For and the Stork.

We should always reflect, before we raily another, whether we
can bear to have the jest retorted.

HE Fox, though in general more inclined to

‘ roguery than wit, had once a strong inclina-
tion to play the wag with his neighbour the
Stork. He accordingly invited her to dinner in great
form; but when it came upon the table the Stork
found it consisted entirely of different soups, served
up in broad shallow dishes, so that she could only
dip in the end of her bill, but could not possibly
satisfy her hunger, The Fox lapped it up very
readily, and every now and then; addressing himself
to his guest, desired to know how she liked her enter-
tainment; hoped that everything was seasoned to
her mind, and protested he was very sorry to see her
eat so sparingly. The Stork, perceiving she was
64. FABLES. [PARTI



played upon, took no notice of it, but pretended to
like every dish extremely; and at parting pressed
the Fox so earnestly to return her visit, that he could
not in civility refuse. The day arrived, and he re-
paired to his appointment; but to his great mortifi-
cation, when dinner appeared, he found it composed
of minced meat, served up in Jong narrow-necked
glasses; so that he was only tantalized with the sight
of what it was impossible for him to taste, The
Stork thrust in her long bill, and helped herself very
plentifully; then turning to Reynard, who was eagerly
licking the outside of a jar where some sauce had
been spilled: I am very glad, said she, smiling, that
you seem to have so good an appetite; I hope you
will make as hearty a dinner at my table as I did the
other day at yours. Reynard hung down his head,
and looked very much displeased Nay, nay,
said the Stork, don’t pretend to be out of humour
about the matter; they that cannot take a jest should
never make one.




PART L.] FABLES. 65





faplre XLVI.
The Trees and the Bramble,

The most worthless persons are generally the most presuming.

HE Israelites, ever murmuring and discontented
under the reign of Jehovah, were desirous of
having a king, like the. rest of the nations, They
offered the kingdom to Gideon, their deliverer; to
him, and to his posterity after him. He generously
_ refused their offer, and reminded them that Jehovah
was their king. When Gideon was dead, Abimelech,
his son by a concubine, slew all his other sons to the
number of seventy, Jotham alone escaping; and by
the assistance of the Shechemites made himself king.
Jotham, to represent to them their folly, and to shew
them that the most deserving are generally the least
ambitious, whereas the worthless grasp at power with
eagemess, and exercise it with insolence and tyranny,
spake to them in the following manner:
E
66 FABLES. [PART I.



Hearken unto me, ye men of Shechem, so may
-God hearken unto you. The Trees, grown weary of
the state of freedom and equality in which God had
placed them, consulted together to choose and to
anoint a king over them; and they said to the Olive-
tree, Reign thou over us. But the Olive-tree said
unto them, Shall I quit my fatness wherewith God
and man is honoured, to disquiet myself with the
cares of government, and to rule over the Trees?
And they said unto the Fig-tree, Come thou and
reign over us, But the Fig-tree said unto them, Shall
I bid adieu to my sweetness and my pleasant fruit,
to take upon me the painful charge of royalty, and to
be set over the Trees? Then said the Trees unto the
Vine, Come thou and reign over us. But the Vine
said also unto them, Shall I leave my wine which
honoureth God and cheereth man, to bring pon
myself nothing but trouble and anxiety, and to be-
come king of the Trees? we are happy in our present
lot: seek some other to reign over you. Then said
all the Trees unto the Bramble. Come thou and reign
over us, And the Bramble said unto them, I will be
your king; come ye all under my shadow and be
safe; obey me, and I will grant you my protection.
But if you obey me not, out of the Bramble shall
come forth a fire, which shall devour even the cedars
of Lebanon, ~ .
Up feeeeeetsiseaedelf
Ssh SCRE SEE SEE TACTIC SCTE SCTE EI



Part Il.
FABLES, with Reflections.



FABLE TI,

The Cock and the Detuel.

BRISK young Cock, in company with two or

three pullets, his mistresses, raking upon a
-Dunghill for something to entertain them with, hap-
pened to scratch up a jewel. He knew what it was
well enough, for it sparkled with an exceeding bright
lustre; but, not knowing what to do with it, en-
deavoured to cover his ignorance under a gay con-
tempt. So, shrugging up his wings, shaking his
head, and putting on a grimace, he expressed him-
68 FABLES. (PART IL.



self to this purpose: Indeed you are a very fine

thing; but I know not any business you have here.

I make no scruple of declaring that my taste lies

quite another way; and I had rather have one grain

of dear, delicious barley, than all the jewels under
the sun.
MORALS. ;

Several very preity fellows, who ave as great strangers to the
true uses of virtue and knowledge as the Cock upon the
Dunghill 1s to the veal value of the Fewel, endeavour to
palliate their ignorance by pretending that their taste lies
another way,

ASRS OE
To fools, the treasures dug from wisdom's mine
Are Fewels thrown to Cocks, and Pearls to Swine.

REFLECTION.

There are several people in the world that pass, with
some, for well-accomplished gentlemen, and very
pretty fellows, though they are as great strangers to
the true uses of virtue and knowledge as the Cock
upon the Dunghill is to the real value of the Jewel.
He palliates his ignorance by pretending that his
taste lies another way: But whatever gallant airs
people may give themselves upon these occasions,
without dispute, the solid advantages of virtue, and
the durable pleasures of learning, are as much to be
preferred before other objects of the senses as the
finest brilliant diamond is above a barley-corn. The
greatest blockheads would appear to understand what
at the same time they affect to despise; and nobody
yet was ever so vicious as to have the impudence to
declare in public that virtue was not a fine thing.

But still, among the idle, sauntering, young fellows
of the age, who have leisure as well to cultivate and
improve the faculties of the mind as to dress and
embellish the body, how many are there who spend
PART IL] FABLES. 69



their days in raking after new scenes of debauchery,
in comparison of those few who know how to relish
more reasonable entertainments! Honest, undesign-
ing good sense is so unfashionable, that he must be
a bold man who at this time of day attempts to bring
it into esteem,

How disappointed is the youth who, in the midst
of his amorous pursuits, endeavouring to plunder an
outside of bloom and beauty, finds a treasure of im-
penetrable virtue concealed within! And why may
it not be said, how delighted are the fair sex, when,
from among a crowd of empty, frolic, conceited
admirers, they find out and distinguish, with their
good opinion, a man of sense, with a plain, unaffected
person, which at first sight they did not like!



FABLE IT.
Che City Mouse and Counter Monge.

COUNTRY Mouse invited a City Sister of
hers to a collation, where she spared for
nothing that the place afforded—as mouldy crusts,
70 FABLES. [PART IL,



cheese-parings, musty oatmeal, rusty bacon, and the
like. The City Dame was too well bred to find
fault with her entertainment; but yet represented
that such a life was unworthy of a merit like hers;
and letting her know how splendidly she lived, in-
vited her to accompany her to town. The Country
Mouse consented, and away they trudged together,
and about midnight got to their journey’s end. The
City Mouse shewed her friend the larder, the pantry,
the kitchen, and other offices where she laid her
stores; and after this, carried her into the parlour,
where they found, yet upon the table, the relics of a
mighty entertainment of that very night. The City
Mouse carved her companion of what she liked best,
and so to it they fell upon a velvet couch. The
Country Mouse, who had never seen or heard of such
doings before, blessed herself at the change of her
condition—when, as ill luck would have it, all on a
sudden the doors flew open, and in comes a crew of
noisy’ servants of both sexes, to feast upon the
dainties that were left. This put the poor mice to
their wits’ end how to save their skins—the stranger
especially, who had never been in such danger before.
But she made a shift, however, for the present to
slink into a corner, where she lay trembling and
panting till the company went away. As soon as
ever the house was quiet again: Well, my Court
Sister, says she, if this be the sauce to your rich
meats, I’ll e’en back to my cottage and my mouldy
cheese again; for I had much rather lie nibbling of
crusts, without fear or hazard, in my own hole, than
PART IL] FABLES, 71



be mistress of all the delicacies in the world, and
subject to such terrifying alarms and dangers,

MORALS.

This fable shews the difference between a Court and a Country
Life: The delights, innocence, and security of the one, com-

pared with the anxiety, voluptuousness, and hazards of the
other.

Heavn in one mould the kindred fate has cast

Of men of dignity and mice of taste ;

Traps, dangers, terrors ave alike their lot:

Scar d if they scape, and worry d if they’re caught.

REFLECTION:

How infinitely superior are the delights of a private
life to the noise and bustle of a public one! Inno-
‘cence, security, meditation, good air, health, and
unbroken rest, are the blessings of the one; while the
rages of lust and wine, noise, hurry, circumvention,
falsehood, treachery, confusion, and ill health, are the
constant attendants of the other.

The splendour and luxury of a court are but a
poor recompense for the slavish attendances, the in-
vidious competitions, and the mortal disappointments
that accompany it. The uncertain favour of Princes,
and the envy of those who judge by hearsay or
appearance, without either reason or truth, make
even the best sort of court lives miserable, to say
nothing of the innumerable temptations, vices, and
excesses of a life of pomp and pleasure. Let a man
but set the pleasing of his palate against the surfeits
of gluttony and excess; the starving of his mind
against a pampered carcase ; the restless importunities
of tale-bearers and back-friends against fair words
72 FABLES, [PART IL



and professions, only from the teeth outwards; let
him, I say, but set the one in balance against the
other, and he shall find himself miserable, even in the
very height of his delights. To say all in a word:
Let him but set the comforts of a life spent in noise,
formality, and tumult, against the blessings of a
retreat with competency and freedom, and then cast
up his account.

What man, then, that is not stark mad, will volun-
tarily expose himself to the imperious brow-beatings
and scorns of great men! To have a dagger struck
to his heart in an embrace! To be torn to pieces by
calumny; nay, to be a knave in his own defence!
For the honester, the more dangerous in a vicious
age, and where it is a crime not to be like the com-
pany. Men of that character are not to be read and
understood by their words, but by their interests ;
their promises and protestations are no longer bind-
ing than while they are profitable to them.

After all, to keep the fable more closely in view,
let a man, with the Country Mouse, reflect on the
peace and safety of rural retirement, and prefer, if he
can, the insecurity, noise, and hurry of a more exalted
fortune.


PART IL] FABLES. . 73





NA

el I =











F4pre Li,

The For anv the Cros,

CROW having taken a piece of cheese out of a

cottage window, flew up into a high tree with it,
in order to eat it. Which a Fox observing, came and
sat underneath, and began to compliment the Crow
upon the subject of her beauty. I protest, says he, I
never observed it before, but your feathers are of a
more delicate white than any that ever I saw in my
life! Ah! what a fine shape and graceful turn of body
is there! And I make no question but you have a
tolerable voice. If it is but as fine as your com-
plexion, I do not know a bird that can pretend to
stand in competition with you. The Crow, tickled
with this very civil language, nestled and wriggled
about, and hardly knew where she was; but thinking
the Fox a little dubious as to the particular of her
voice, and having a mind to set him right in that
matter, began to sing, and, in the same instant, let
74 FABLES, [PART I.



the cheese drop out of her mouth ;—which the Fox
presently chopt up, and then bade her remember,
that whatever he had said of her beauty, he had
spoken nothing yet of her brains.

MORALS.

There is hardly any man living that may not be wrought upon
more or less by flattery ; for we do all of us naturally over-
ween in our own favour, But when tt comes to be applied
once to a vain fool, there ts no end then can be proposed to
be attained by it, but may be effected,



“{t is a maxim tn the schools,
That Flattery’s the food of fools :”
And whoso likes such airy meat
Will soon have nothing else to eat.

REFLECTION.

Flattery in itself is an unmanly, slavish vice; but it
is much worse yet for the alliance it has to hypocrisy;
for while we make other people think better of chem-
selves than they deserve, we make them think better
of ws too than we deserve: For self-love and vanity
on the one hand, assists the falseness and confidence
on the other, while it serves to confirm weak minds
in the opinion they had of themselves before, and
makes them parties. effectually in a conspiracy to
their own ruin. The only benefit or good of Flattery
is this; that by hearing what we ave not, we may be
instructed what we ought to be. Yet how few are
there among the whole race of mankind, who. may be
said to be full proof against its attacks! The gross

‘way by which it is managed by some silly practi-

tioners, is enough to alarm the dullest apprehension,
and make it to value itself upon the. quickness of its
insight into the little plots of this nature. But, let
the ambuscade be disposed with due judgment, and
it will scarce fail of seizing the most guarded heart.
How many are tickled to the last degree with the
PART 11] FABLES, 75



pleasure of Flattery, even while they are applauded
for their honest detestation of it! There is no way
to baffle the force of this engine, but by every one’s
examining impartially for himself the true estimate
of his own qualities: If he deals sincerely in the
matter, nobody can tell so well as himself what
degree of esteem ought to attend any of his actions;
and therefore he should be entirely easy as to the
opinion men are like-to have of them in the world.
If they attribute more to him than is his due, they
are either designing or mistaken ; if they allow him
less, they are envious, or, possibly, still mistaken ;
and, in either case, are to be despised, or disregarded.
For he that flatters without designing to make advan-
tage of it, is a fool: And whoever encourages that
Flattery, which he has sense enouge to see through,
is a vain coxcomb,







Fase LV,
An Ase, an Ane, and a Silole,
N’Ass and an Ape were conferring on griev-
ances, The Ass eomplained mightily for
want of horns, and the Ape was as much troubled for


76 FABLES. [PART II.



want of a tail. Hold your tongues, both of ye, says
the Mole, and be thankful for what you have; for
the poor blind Moles are in a worse condition than
either of ye. ;



FABLE V.

The Wares anv the Frogs.

NCE upon a time the Hares found themselves
mightily unsatisfied with the miserable con-

dition they lived in. Here we live, says one of them,
at the mercy of men, dogs, eagles, and I know not
how many other creatures, which prey upon us at
pleasure ; perpetually in frights, perpetually in
danger; and therefore I am absolutely of opinion,
that we had better die once for all, than live at this
sate in a continual dread that’s worse than death
itself, The motion was seconded and debated, and
a resolution immediately taken, by one and all, to
drown themselves. The vote was no sooner passed,
PART 11] FABLES. 77



but away they scudded with that determination to
the next lake. Upon this hurry there leapt a whole
shoal of Frogs from the bank into the water, for fear
of the Hares. Nay then, my masters, says one of
the gravest of the company, pray let’s have a little
patience. Our condition, I find, is not altogether so
bad as we fancied it; for there are those, you see,
that are as much afraid of us as we are of others.

MORALS of the two Fables.

There ts no contending with the Orders and Decrees of Provt-
dence. He that makes us, knows what ts fittest for us; and
every man’s own lot (well understood and managed) ts
undoubtedly the best.

et ee
The miseries of half mankind unknown,
fools vainly think no sorrows like theiy own:

But view the world, and you will learn to bear
Misfortunes well, since all men have their share.

REFLECTION.

Since nature provides for the necessities of all
creatures, and for the well-being of every one in
its kind; and since it is not in the power of any
creature to make itself other than what by Provi-
dence it was designed to be; what a madness is it to
wish ourselves other than what we are, and what we
must continue to be! Every atom of the creation has
its place assigned: every creature has its proper
figure, and there is no disputing with Him that made
it so. Why have I not this? and, Why have I not
that ? are questions for a Philosopher of Bedlam to
ask ; and we may as well cavil at the motions of the
heavens, the vicissitude of day and night, and the
78 FABLES. [PART IL

succession of the seasons, as expostulate with Provi-
dence upon any of the rest of God’s works. The Ass
would have orns, the Ape would have a Zaz/, and the
Flares would be free from those terrors which, timid
as they are, they give to others: but the d7o/e on the
one hand, and the Avegs on the other, shew that
there are others as miserable as themselves.

It may seem to be a kind of a malicious satisfac-
tion that one’ man derives from the misfortune of
another. But the philosophy of this reflection stands
upon another ground; for our.comfort does not arise
from other people being miserable, but from this
inference upon the balance, that we suffer only the
lot of human nature: and as we are happy or miser-
able, compared with others; so other people are
‘ miserable or happy, compared with us; by which
justice of Providence we come to be convinced of the
sin, and the mistake, of our ingratitude. What would
not a man give to be eased of the gout, or the stone?
or, supposing an incurable poverty on the one hand,
and an incurable malady on the other, why should |
not the poor man think himself happier in his rags,
than the other in his purple? but the rich man
envies the poor man’s health, without considering his
qant; and the poor man envies the other’s treasure,
without considering his diseases. What is an ill
name in the world to a good conscience within one’s
self; and how much less miserable, upon the wheel,
is one man that is innocent, than another under the
same torture that is guilty? The only way for Hares
and Asses, is to be thankful what they are, and what
they have, and not to grumble at the lot that they
must bear in spite of their teeth.
PART II] FABLES. 79





Fase VI.

An Ant and Sly.

HERE’S the honour or the pleasure in the
world, says the Fly, in a dispute for pre-
eminence with the Ant, that I have not my part in?
Are not all temples and places open to me? Am not
I the taster to gods and princes in all their sacrifices
and entertainments? And all this without either
money or pains? I trample upon crowns, and kiss
what ladies’ lips I please. And what have you now
to pretend to all this while? Vain boaster! says the
Ant, dost thou not know the difference between the
access of a guest, and that of an zztruder? for people
are so far from liking your company, that they kill
you as soon as they catch you. You are a plague to
them wherever you come. Your very breath has
maggots in it; and for the kiss you brag of, what is
it but the perfume of the last dunghill you touched
80 FABLES, {PART It.



upon, once removed? For my part, I live upon
what’s my own, and work honestly in the summer to
maintain myself in the winter; whereas the whole
course of your scandalous life is only cheating or
sharping one half of the year, and starving the other.

MORALS.

The happiness of life does not lie so much in enjoying small
advantages, as in living free from great inconveniences.
An honest mediocrity ts the happiest state a man can wish

jor.

PIP

Pert coxcombs, pleas'd with buzzing round the fair,
Laugh at the low mechante's thrifty care ;

While he with juster scorn may well deride

Their folly, meanness, indolence, and pride.

REFLECTION,

This fable marks out to us the difference betwixt
the empty vanity or ostentation, and the substantial
ornaments of virtue. A man can hardly fancy to
himself a truer image of a plain, honest, country
simplicity, than the Ant’s part of the dialogue in
this fable. She takes pains for what she eats ; wrongs
nobody; and so creates no enemies; she wants no-
thing; and she boasts of nothing; lives contented
with her own, and enjoys all with a good conscience.
This emblem recommends to us the blessings of a
virtuous privacy, according to the just measures of
right nature, and, in few words, comprises the sum of
a happy state.

The Fly, on the contrary, leads a lazy, voluptuous,
scandalous, sharking life; is hated wherever she comes,
PART I1.] FABLES. 81°



and in perpetual fears and. dangers. She justly may
be compared with the worthless part of mankind, who
pass through the world without being of any service
in it; and without acquiring the least reputation,
seldom fail of adding pride to all their other failings,
and behave with haughtiness and arrogance towards
those who contribute to the comfort and happiness of
society. They treat industrious persons as wretched
drudges, appointed to labour for a poor subsistence ;
while Heaven has provided everything for their own
use, though they of all others least deserve it. But
the worthy and industrious may always comfort them-
selves with this reflection, that the pride and extrava-
gance of these idle creatures will at last bring them to
shame and want, while their own honest labours will
secure to them a life of plenty and affluence.

It istrue she flutters from place to place, from feast
to feast, brags of her interest at court, and of ladies’
favours: and what is this miserable insect at last, but
the very picture of one of our ordinary trencher
Esquires, that spends his time in hopping from the
table of one great man to that of another, only to
pick up scraps of intelligence, and to spoil good
company; at other times officiously skipping up
and down from levee to levee, and endeavouring to
make himself necessary, wherever he thinks fit to
be troublesome.
82 FABLES, [PART II.





FABLE VIT,

@ Worse and an Aas,

PROUD pampered Horse, bedecked with gaudy
trappings, met in his course a poor creeping

Ass, under a heavy burden, that had chopt into the
same track with him, Why, how now, sirrah, says
he, do you not see by these arms and trappings to
what master I belong? and do you not understand,
that when I have that master of mine upon my back,.
the whole weight of the state rests upon my shoulders ?
Out of the way, thou slavish insolent animal, or Ill
tread thee to dirt. The wretched Ass immediately
slunk aside, with this envious reflection between his
teeth, What would I give to change.conditions with that
happy creature there! This fancy would not out of
the head of him, till it was his hap, a little while after,
to see this very Horse doing drudgery in a common
dung-cart. Why, how now, friend, says the Ass, how
comes this about? Only the chance of war, says the
PART Il] FABLES. 83



other: [ was a General’s horse, you must know; and
my master carried me into a battle, where 1 was
hacked and maimed; and you have here before your-
eyes the catastrophe of my fortune.

MORALS.

This Fable shews the folly and the fate of pride and arrogance;
-and the mistake of placing happiness in anything that may
be taken away, as also the blessing of freedom in a@ mean
‘estate.
OT PAO Te

Proud of the clothes with which you are eqguipt,
You of your pride may easily be stript.

REFLECTION.

People would never envy the pomp and splendour
of greatness, if they did but consider either the cares
and dangers that go along with it, or the blessings of
peace and security in a middle condition, No man
can be truly happy, who is not every hour of his life
prepared for the worst that can befall him. Now this
is a state of tranquillity never to be attained but by
keeping perpetually in our thoughts the certainty of
death, and the lubricity of fortune; and by delivering
ourselves from the anxiety of hopes and fears.

It falls naturally within the prospect of this fiction
to treat of the wickedness of a presumptuous arro-
gance; the fate that attends it; the rise of it; and
the means of either preventing or suppressing it; the
folly of it; the wretched and ridiculous estate of a
proud man, and the weakness of that envy that is
grounded upon the mistaken happiness of human life,

The folly both of the Horse and Ass may be con~
84 FABLES. [PART II.



sidered here; the one in placing his happiness upon
anything that could be taken away; and the other, in
envying that mistaken happiness, under the abuse of
the same splendid illusion and imposture. What
signify gay furniture, and a pampered carcase, or
any other outward appearance, without an intrinsic
value of worth and virtue? what signify beauty,
strength, youth, fortune, embroidered furniture, gaudy
bosses, or any of those temporary and uncertain satis-
factions that may be taken from us with the very next
breath we draw? what assurance can any man have
of a possession that every turn of state, every puff of
air, every change of humour, and the least of a million
of common casualties, may deprive him of?

Moreover, the envy of the Ass was a double folly ;
for he mistakes both the Horse’s condition and his
own. °*Tis madness to envy any creature that may
in a moment become miserable, or for any advantage
that may in a moment be taken from him. The Ass
envies the Horse to-day; and, in some few days more,
the Horse comes to envy him: wherefore let no man
despair, so long as it is in the power either of death,
or of chance, to remove the burden, Nothing but
moderation and greatness of mind can make either
a prosperous or an adverse fortune easy to us. The
only way to be happy is to submit to our lot; for no
man can be properly said to be miserable that is not
wanting to himself. It is certainly true, that many a
poor cobbler has a merrier heart in his stall, than a
prince in his palace.
PART It] FABLES. 85



f

Is 43 S ae ie
Ne Yi aan
» nk rr : ait



FABLE VILL,
An Wusbandman anv Stork.

POOR innocent Stork had the ill hap to be

taken in a net that was laid for geese and
cranes, The Stork’s plea for herself was simplicity
and piety, the love she bore to mankind, her duty to
her parents, and the service she did in picking up
venomous creatures. This may be all true, says the
Husbandman, for what I know; but as you have been
taken with ill company, you must expect to suffer

with it.

Morals,

Our fortune and reputation vequire us to keep good company ;
for as we may be easily perverted by the force of bad examples,
wise men wilt judge of us by the company we keep. What
says the proverb? Birds of a feather will flock together.

POE rn

The youth to temperance in vain pretends,

Who goes to taverns, and makes rakes his friends:
As maidens, who would live without a stain,
"Should never choose to lodge in Drury-Lane.
86 FABLES. [PART It.



REFLECTION,

The world will always form an idea of the char-
acter of every man from his associates. Nor is this
rule founded on wrong principles; for, generally
speaking, those who are constant companions are
either drawn together from a similitude of manners,
or from such a similitude to each other by daily
commerce and continual conversation.

If bad company had nothing else to make us shun
and avoid it, this, methinks, might be sufficient, that
it infects and taints a man's reputation to as great a
degree as if he were thoroughly versed in the wicked-
ness of the whole gang. What is it to me if the thief
who robs me of my money gives part of it to build a
church? Is he ever the less a thief? Shall a
woman’s going to prayers twice a day, save her
reputation, if she is known to be a malicious lying
gossip? No; such mixtures of religion and sin make
the offence but the more flagrant, as they convince us.
that it was not committed out of ignorance. Indeed,
there is no living without being guilty of some faults,
more or less; which the world ought to be good-
natured enough to overlook, in consideration of the
general frailty of mankind, when they are not too
gross and too abundant. But, when we are so
abandoned to stupidity, and a neglect of our repu-
tation, as to keep bad company, however little we
may be criminal in reality, we must expect the
same censure and punishment as is due to the most
notorious of our companions.
PART IL.| FABLES. 87





FABLE LX,
The Boy and the Shatowtw.

DOG, crossing a little rivulet with a piece of

_ flesh in his mouth, saw his own shadow
represented in the clear mirror of the limpid stream;
and believing it to be ‘another Dog who was carrying
another piece of flesh, he could not forbear catching
at it; but was ‘so far-from getting anything by his
greedy design, that he dropt the piece he had in his
mouth, which immediately sunk to the bottom, and
was irrecoverably lost.

MORALS,

Excessive grecdiness mostly in the end misses what it aims at;
disorderly appetites seldom obtain what they would have;
passions mislead men, and often bring them into great straits
and inconveniences, through heedlessness and negligence.

PE
Base ts the man who pines amidst his store,
And fat with plenty, griping, covets more:
But doubly vile, by av’rice when betray da,
Fle quits the substance for an empty shade.
88 FABLES. [PART Il.



' REFLECTION,

It is wisely decreed that vice should carry its own
punishment along with it. Therefore he that catches
at more than belongs to him, justly deserves to lose
what he has; yet nothing is more common, and, at
the same time, more pernicious, than this selfish
principle. It prevails from the king to the peasant;
and all orders and degrees of men are, more or less,
infected with it. Great monarchs have been drawn
in, by this greedy humour, to grasp at the dominions
of their neighbours; not that. they wanted anything
more to feed their luxury, but to gratify their insati-
able appetite for vainglory. Ifthe Kings of Persia
could have been contented with their own vast
territories, they had not lost all Asia, for the sake
of a little petty state of Greece. And France, with
all its glory, has, ere now, been reduced to the last
extremity by the same unjust incroachments.

He that thinks he sees another’s estate in a pack
of cards, or a box and dice, and ventures his own in
the pursuit of it, should not repine if he finds himself
a beggar in the end.


PART II] FABLES. 89











FABLE X,

&@ Peacock and a Crane.

S a Peacock and a Crane were in company
together, the Peacock spread his tail, and
challenged the other to shew him such a fan of
feathers. You brag of your plumes, says the Crane,
that are fair indeed to the eye, but fit for nothing but
to attract the eyes of children and fools. Do as Ido,
if you can; and then, with a suitable contempt, he
springs up into the air, leaving the gaping Peacock
staring after him till his eyes ached.

MORALS.

There cannot be a greater sign of a weak mind than a person's
valuing himself on a gaudy outside; whether it be on the
beauties of person, or the still vainer pride of fine clothes.

CENIDEY OF

Worth makes the man, and want of tt the fellow,
The rest is all but leather or prunella.
90 FABLES. [parr i



REFLECTION.

It is very absurd to slight or insult another upon
his wanting a property which we possess; for he may,
for anything we know, have as just reason to triumph
over us, by being master of some good quality of
which we are incapable. But, in regard to the fable
before us, that which the Peacock values himself upon,
the glitter and finery of dress, is one of the most
trifling considerations in nature; and what a man of
sense would be ashamed to reckon even as the least
part of merit. Indeed, children, and those people
who think much about the same pitch with them, are
apt to be taken with varnish and tinsel; but they
who examine by the scale of common sense, must
find something of weight and substance before they
can be persuaded to seta value. The mind which
is stored with virtuous and rational sentiments, and
the behaviour which speaks complacence and humil-
ity, stamp an estimate upon the possessor which all
judicious spectators are ready to admire and acknow-
ledge. But if there be any merit in an embroidered
coat, a brocade waistcoat, a shoe, a stocking, or a
sword-knot, the person who wears them has the least '
claim to it; let it be ascribed where it justly belongs
—to the several artisans who wrought and disposed
the materials of which they consist. This moral is
not intended to derogate anything from the magnifi-
cence of fine clothes and’ rich equipages, which, as
times and circumstances require, may be used with
decency and propriety enough. But one cannot help
being concerned lest any worth should be affixed to
them more than their own intrinsic value.
PART IL] FABLES. QI





FABLE XT.

& Bov and False Alatme.

SHEPHERD’S Boy kept his sheep upon a

common,.and in sport and wantonness had
gotten a roguish trick of crying, A wolf! a wolf!
when there was no such matter, and fooling the
country people with false alarms. He had been at
this sport so many times in jest, that they would not
believe him at last when he was in earnest; and so
the wolves broke in upon. the flock, and worried the
sheep without resistance.

MORALS.

This fable shews us the dang gerous conseguences of an improper
and unseasonable fooling. The old moral observes, that a
common liar shall not be believed, even when he speaks true.



RN

Rank lies repeated oft, and oft detected,
- Makes truth ttself for a rank lie suspected.
92 FABLES. [PART II.



REFLECTION.

It is not every man’s talent to know when and how
to cast out a pleasant word, with such a regard to
modesty and respect as not to transgress the true and
fair allowances of wit, good-nature, and good breed-
ing. The skill and faculty of governing this freedom
within the terms of sobriety and discretion, goes a
great way in the character of an agreeable com-
panion: for that which we call raillery, in this sense,
is the very sauce of civil entertainment; and without
some such tincture of urbanity, even in matters the
most serious, the good-humour falters for want of
refreshment and relief; but there is a medium. yet
betwixt al/-fool and all-philosopher; 1 mean a proper
and discreet mixture, that in some sort partakes of
both, and renders wisdom itself so much the more
grateful and effectual. The gravity, in short, of the
one is enlivened with the spirit and quickness of the
other; and the gaiety of a diverting word serves as
a vehicle to convey the force of the intent and mean-
ing of it.

The Shepherd’s Boy, in short, to come closer to
the fable, went too far upon a topic he did not under-
stand, And he that is detected for being a notorious
liar, besides the ignominy and reproach of the thing,
incurs this mischief, that he will scarce be able to get
any one to believe him again as long as he lives,
However true our complaint may be, or how much
soever it may be for our interest to have it believed,
yet, if we have been frequently caught tripping before,
we shall hardly be able to gain credit to what we re-
late afterwards. Though mankind are generally stupid
PART I.] FABLES. 93
enough to be often imposed upon, yet few are so
senseless as to believe a notorious liar, or to trust a
cheat upon record. These little shams, when found
out, are sufficiently prejudicial to the interest of every
private person who practises them. But, when we
are alarmed with imaginary dangers in respect of the.
public, till the cry grows quite stale and threadbare,
how can it be expected we should know when to
guard ourselves against real ones,



| y= ee i

ii
WW?





FABLE XLT,

A Father anv hig Sons.

VERY honest man happened to have a con-
tentious brood of children. He called for a

rod, and bade them try one after another, with all
their force, if they could break it. They tried, and
could not. Well, says he, unbind it now, and take
every twig of it apart, and see what you can do that
way. They did so, and with great ease, by one and
94. FABLES, [PART II.



one, they snapped it all to pieces. This, says he, is
the true emblem of your condition: keep together,
and you are safe; divide, and you are undone.

MORALS.

The breach of unity puts the world into a state of war, and

x? turns every man’s hand against his brother ; but so long as
that band holds, it ts the strength of all the several parts of
vu gathered into one, and ts not eastly subdued.

or Reg Geo

Distress and ruin on divisions wait,

But union ts the bond of ev'ry state;
Disloyalty’s a plague, dissension’s worse,

And parties, where they rage, a kingdont’s curse.

REFLECTION.

This fable imitates the force of union, and the
danger of division. Intestine commotions have de-
stroyed many a powerful state; and it is as ruinous
in private affairs as it isin public. A divided family
can no more stand than a divided commonwealth ;
for every individual suffers in the neglect of a
common safety. It is a strange thing that men
should not do that under the government of rational
spirit, and a natural prudence, which wolves and bears
do by the impulse of an animal instinct. For they,
we see, will make head, one and all, against a common
enemy ; whereas the generality of mankind lie pecking
at one another, till one by one they are all torn to
pieces, never considering (as this fable teaches) the
necessity and benefits of union,
PART it] FABLES. 95





FasLeE XIII,

The Sick Father and his Children.

COUNTRYMAN who had lived handsomely
in the world upon his honest labour and
industry, was desirous his Sons should do so after
‘him; and being now upon his death-bed, My dear
children, says he, I reckon myself bound to tell you
before I depart, that there is a considerable treasure
hid in my vineyard; wherefore pray be sure to dig,
and search narrowly for it, when I am gone. The
Father dies, and the Sons fall immediately to work
upon the vineyard. They turned it up over and over,
and not one penny of money to be found there; but
the profit of the next vintage expounded the riddle.

MoRALS.

Good counsel ts the best legacy a Father can leave to a Child;
and it is still the better, when it ts so wrapt up, as to beget
a curiosity as well as an inclination to follow it,
96 FABLES. [PART II.



Assiduous pains the swelling coffers fill,
And all may make their fortune, tf they will.

REFLECTION.

There is no wealth like that which comes by the
blessing of God upon honest labour and warrantable
industry. Here is an incitement to an industrious
course of life, by a consideration of the profit, the
innocence, and the virtue of such an application.
There is one great comfort in hand, besides the hope
and assurance of more to come. It was a touch of
art in the Father to cover his meaning in such a
manner as to create a curiosity and an earnest desire
in his Sons to find it out. And it was a treble
advantage to them besides; for there was health in
the exercise, profit in the discovery, and the comfort
of a good conscience in discharging the duty of a
filial obedience.


PART IL] FABLES. 97



i an a l
a eae,

x ie
tt

‘



J
NE

All

fl i ‘ :

Dhe Stay looking inta the WHater.

FABLE XTV,.

STAG that had been drinking at a clear
spring, saw himself in the water; and, pleased

‘ with the prospect, stood afterwards for some time
contemplating and surveying his shape and features,
from head to foot. Ah! says he, what a glorious
pair of branching horns are there! how gracefully
do those antlers hang over my forehead, and give an
agreeable turn to my whole face! If some other
parts of my body were but proportionable to them, I
would turn my back to nobody; but I have a set of
such legs as really makes me ashamed to.see them.
People may talk what they please of their conveni-
ences, and what great need we stand in of them upon
several occasions; but for my part, I find them so
very slender and unsightly, that I had as lief have

G
98 FABLES. : [PART II.



none at all. While he was giving himself these airs,
he was alarmed with the noise of some Huntsmen
and a pack of hounds that had been just laid on
upon the scent, and were making towards him. Away —
he flies in some consternation, and, bounding nimbly |
over the plain, threw dogs and men at a vast distance

behind him. After which, taking a very thick copse,

he had the ill-fortune to be entangled by his horns in

a thicket; where he was held fast, till the hounds

came.in and pulled him down. Finding now how it

was like to go with him, in the pangs of death, he is

said to have uttered these words: Unhappy creature

that I am! I am too late convinced, that what I

prided myself in has been the cause of my undoing ;

and what I so much disliked, was the only thing that

could have saved me.

MORALS.

We should examine things deliberately, and candidly consider
their real usefulness before we place our esteem on them;
otherwise, like the foolish Stag, we may happen to admire
those accomplishments which are of no real use, and often
prove prejudicial to us, while we despise those things on
which our safety may depend.

—_> 04 34——-

Virtue despised, the beauty views her face,
And pleased beholds an angel in her glass ;
But lost at length, to shame and want resigned,
Mourns she né er sought the beauty of the mind.

REFLECTION,

Perhaps we cannot apply this better, than by sup-
posing the fable to be a parable; which may be thus
PART It] FABLES. 99



explained. The Deer, viewing itself in the water, is
a. beautiful young lady at her looking-glass. She
can’t help being sensible of the charms which lie
blooming in every feature of her face. She moistens
her lips, languishes with her eyes, adjusts every lock
of her hair with the nicest exactness, gives an agree-
able attitude to her whole body, and then, with a soft
sigh, says to herself, Ah! how happy might I be, in
a daily crowd of admirers, if it were not for the
censoriousness of the age! When I view that face,
where Nature, to give her her due, has been liberal
enough of charms, how easy should I be, if it were
not for that slender particular, my honour, The
odious idea of that comes across all my happy
moments, and brings a mortification with it that
damps my most flattering tender hopes. Oh that
there were no such thing in the world! In the midst
of these soliloquies, she is interrupted by the voice of
her lover, who enters her chamber singing a rigadoon
air; and, introducing his discourse in a familiar easy
manner, takes occasion to launch out in praise of her
beauty, sees she is pleased with it, snatches her hand,
kisses it in a transport; and in short, pursues his
point so close, that she is not able to disengage her-
self from him. But, when the consequence of all this
approaches, in an agony of grief and shame, she
fetches a deep sigh, and says, “Ah! how mistaken
have I been! the virtue I slighted might have saved
me; but the beauty I prized so much has been my
undoing,”
100 FABLES. [PART II.









FABLE XV.

The Countryman and the Snake.

VILLAGER, in a frosty, snowy winter, found
a Snake under a hedge, almost dead with cold. -
He could not help having compassion for the poor
creature, so brought it home, and laid it upon the
hearth near the fire; but it had not lain there long
before (being revived with the heat) it began to erect
itself, and fly at his wife and children, filling the whole
cottage with dreadful hissings. The countryman
hearing an outcry,.and perceiving what the matter
was, catched up a mattock, and soon dispatched him,
upbraiding him at the same time in these words:
“Ts this, vile wretch, the reward you make to him
that saved your life? Die, as you deserve; but a
single death is too good for you.”
PART IL] FABLES. Tol



MorRALS.

Tt ts no strange thing to see a reprobate fool throw his poisonous
language about against those who are so inadvertent as to
concern themselves with him.

OHO

Evil for good, relentless to bestow,

Ls all the gratitude th unworthy know ;
Mercy to such should be with caution shown ;
Saving a uillain’s life, you risk your owt.

REFLECTION,

Tis the nature of ingrates to return evil for good;
and the moralists in all ages have incessantly
declaimed against the enormity of this crime, con-
cluding that they who are capable of hurting: their
benefactors, ave not fit to live in a community; being
such, as the natural ties of parent, friend, or country,
are too weak to vestrain within the bounds of society,
Indeed, the sin of ingratitude is so detestable, that,
as‘none but the most inhuman temper can be guilty
of it, so, in writing to men, there is no occasion to use
many words, either in exposing the vice itself, or dis-
suading people from the commission of it. Therefore
it is not likely that a person of 4sof’s sagacity would
have compiled this fable, without having something
else in view, besides this trite and obvious subject.
He certainly intended to put us in mind, That, as
none but a poor silly clown would goto take up a Snake
and chevish it, so we shall be very negligent and ill-
advised, tf, in doing good offices, we do not take care to
bestow our benevolence upon proper objects. It was not
at all unnatural in the Snake to hiss, and brandish
his tongue, and fly at the first that came near him;
102 “FABLES. [PART II.



as soon at the person that saved his life as any other ;
indeed more likely, because nobody else had so much
to do with him.. Nor is it strange at any time to see
a reprobate fool throwing his poisonous language
about, and committing his extravagances against
those, more especially, who are so inadvertent as to
concern themselves with him. The snake and the
reprobate will not appear extraordinary in their
malevolence. But the sensible part of mankind can-

not help thinking those guilty of great indiscretion
who receive either of them into their protection,

i

2 Te
SN



FABLE XVI,
A Guat anv a Bee.

GNAT, half starved with cold and hunger,
went one frosty morning to a Bee-hive, to beg

a charity; and offered to teach music in the Bee’s
family, for her diet and lodging. The Bee very civilly
desired to be excused: For, says she, I bring up all
PART I1.] FABLES. 103



my children to my own trade, that they may be able
to get their living by their industry; and I am sure I
am right; for see what that music, which you would
teach my children, has brought you yourself to.

MORALS.

Industry ought to be diligently inculcated in the minds of
children of all ranks and degrees; for who stands so sure
as to say heis exempt from the vicissitudes of this uncertain
life ?

PO

The wretch who works not for his daily bread,
Sighs and complains, but ought not to be fed.
Think, when you see stout beggars on their stand,
The lazy are the locusts of the lana.

REFLECTION.

The many unhappy persons whom we daily see
singing up and down in order to divert other people,
though with very heavy hearts of their own, should
warn all those who have the education of children,
how necessary it is to bring them up to industry and
business, be their present prospects ever so hopeful ;
that so, upon any unexpected disaster, they might be
able to turn their hands to a course which might pro-
cure them an honest livelihood.

The Gnat in the fable, we may further observe, is
very like many inconsiderate persons in life. They
gaily buz about in the summer of prosperity, and think
of nothing but their present enjoyments: but when
the winter of adversity comes, they poorly creep
about, and supplicate the industrious inhabitants of
every Bee-hive, charitably to relieve those wants
which they have brought upon themselves; and often
104 . FABLES. [PART IL.



deservedly meet the repulse, and the sting, which the
Bee gives to the Gnat in the fable. We have seen
many a doted-on child, who has been brought up to
singing, dancing, and all the gay delights of this
world, and yet has been forced to shut up the last
scene of a miserable life in want and beggary; which
had been prevented, if they had been early taught
the value of industry and independency, and the
means, by the former, of attaining the latter.

g ie

I Zl i
1 . MeN
iiss = = ia



FaBLe XVII,
Mercury and the Woodman.

MAN was felling a tree on the bank of a river;
and by chance let his hatchet slip out of his
hand, which dropt into the water, and immediately
sunk to the bottom. Being therefore in great distress
for the loss of his tool, he sat down and bemoaned
himself most lamentably. Upon this, Mercury ap-
PART IL] FABLES. 105



peared to him, and, being informed of the cause of
his complaint, dived to the bottom of the river, and
coming up again, showed the man a golden hatchet,
demanding if that were his. He denied that it was.
Upon which Mercury dived a second time, and
brought up a silver one. The man refused it, alleg-
ing likewise that this was not his, He dived a third
time, and fetched up the individual hatchet the man
had lost; upon sight of which the poor wretch was
overjoyed, and took it with all humility and thank-
fulness, Jercury was so pleased ‘with the fellow’s
honesty, that he gave him the other two into the
bargain, as a reward for his just dealing. The man
goes to his companions, and giving them an account
of what had happened, one of them went presently to
the river’s side, and let his hatchet fall designedly
into the stream. Then sitting down upon the bank,
he fell a weeping and lamenting, as if he had been
really and sorely afflicted. Mercury appeared as
before, and diving, brought him up a golden hatchet,
asking if that was the hatchet he lost. Transported
at the precious metal, he answered, Yes; and went
to snatch. it greedily. But the god detesting his
abominable impudence, not only refused to give him
that, but would not,so much as let him have his own
hatchet again.

MORALS.

Flonesty ts the best policy ; veligion absolutely requires it of its
votaries: and the honest man, provided his other talents
are not deficient, always carries the preference in our esteem
before any other, in whatever business he employs himself,
106 FABLES, [PART IL



Truth, sacred truth, shall flourish and prevail,

While all the arts of fraud and falsehood fail ;
_ The flimsy cheat wise judges soon descry ;

Sure those witl rob, who scruple not to lie.

REFLECTION.

Notwithstanding the proneness of mankind to do
evil, and the account which some find in playing the
knave, yet there cannot be invented a more true and
reasonable maxim, than that by which we are assured
that honesty ts the best policy. T£ we consider it in
respect to the other world, there never was a religion
but strictly required it of its votaries. If we examine
it upon account of this, we shall find that the: honest
man, provided his other talents are not deficient,
always carries the preference in our esteem, before
any other, in whatever business he thinks fit to employ
himself.

ig
i ; Me SS:
Wwe

we

| “



FABLE XVIII,
The Fir and a Bramble,
Y head, says the boasting Firtree to the
humble Bramble, is advanced among the
stars; I furnish beams for palaces, and masts for

Seep
PART IL] FABLES, 107



shipping ; the very sweat of my body is a sovereign
remedy for the sick and wounded: whereas thou, O
rascally Bramble, runnest creeping in the dirt, and
art good for nothing in the world but mischief. I
pretend not to vie with thee, said the Bramble, in the
points thou gloriest in. But, not to insist upon it,
that He who made thee a lofty Fir, could have made
thee an humble Bramble, I pray thee tell me, when
the Carpenter comes next with the axe into the wood,
to fell timber, whether thou hadst not rather be a
Bramble than a Fir-tree ?

MORALS.
Poverty secures aman from many dangers; whereas the rich
and the mighty are the mark of malice and cross fortune ;
and still the higher they are, the nearer the thunder,

Minions of fortune, pillars of the state,
' - Round your exalted heads what tempests low'r !
While peace secure, and soft contentment wait
On the caim mansions of the humble poor.

REFLECTION,

The answer of the humble Bramble to the proud
Fir-tree is so pathetic, that it may of itself serve for
avery good moral to this fable. Nothing of Ged’s
works is so mean as to be despised, and nothing so
lofty but it may be humbled; nay, and the greater
the height the greater the danger. For a proud great
man to despise an humble little one, when Providence
can so easily exalt the one, and abase the other, and
has not for the merit of the one, or the demerit of the
108 FABLES. [PART Il.



other, conferred the respective conditions, is a most
inexcusable arrogance: and history has given num-
berless instances, where the overgrown Fir, though a
Prime Minister, or great Prince, in the very height of
its pride, has been forced to submit to the execu-
tioner’s axe, while the humble Bramble, or contented
poor man, has continued safe and unhurt in his lowly
obscurity. We may further observe on this fable,
that there is no state of life but has its mixture of
good and evil. The Fir may boast of the uses to
which it is put, and of its strength and stature; but
then it has not to boast of the creeping Bramble’s
safety; for the value of the one tempts the Car-
penter’s axe, while the poverty of the other makes it
little worth any one’s while to molest it. Upon the
whole matter, we may add, That as pride or arrogance
1s a vice that seldom escapes without a punishment; so
humility 1s a virtue that hardly ever goes without a
blessing.


PART I1.] FABLES, To9





FABLE XTX,

The For anv the Countryman.

A FOX being hard hunted, and having run a long
chase, was quite tired. At last he spied a
country fellow in a wood, to whom he applied for
refuge, entreating that he would give him leave to
hide himself in his cottage, till the hounds were gone
by. The man consented, and the Fox went and
covered himself up close in a corner of the hovel.
Presently the hunters came up, and inquired of the
man, if he had seen the Fox. No, says he, I have not
seen him indeed: but all the while he pointed with
his finger to the place where the Fox was hid.
However, the hunters did not understand him, but
called off their hounds, and went another way. Soon
after, the Fox, creeping out of his hole, was going to
sneak off; when the man, calling after him, asked
him, if that was his manners, to go away without
thanking his benefactor, to whose fidelity he owed


IIo - FABLES. [PART II.



his life. Reynard, who had peeped all the while, and
seen what passed, answered, I know what obligations
I have to you well enough; and I assure you, if your
actions had but been agreeable to your words, I
should have endeavoured, however incapable of it,
to have returned you suitable thanks.

MORALS,

Lo appear in another's interest, while underhand we are giving
intelligence to their enemies, is treacherous, knavish, and
base,

> to

Thus by the knave, in worldly guile adept,

Vows are performd and promises are kept:

True to the form, and fearful of offence,

Good soul ! he swerves from nothing but the sense. —

REFLECTION.

Sincerity is a most beautiful virtue: but there are
some, whose natures are so poor-spirited and cow-
ardly, that they are not capable of exerting it. In-
deed, unless a man be steady and constant in all his
actions, he will hardly deserve the name of sincere.
An open enemy, though more violent and terrible, is
not, however, so odious and detestable as a false
friend. To pretend to keep another's counsel, and
appear in their interest, while underhand we are
giving intelligence to their enemies, is treacherous,
knavish, and base. There are some people in the
world very dexterous at this kind of defamation ;
and can, while they seem most vehement in the
- commendation or defence of a friend, throw out
a hint which shall stab their reputation deeper
PART I] FABLES. Ir



than the most malicious weapon, brandished at them
in-a public manner, could have been capable of
doing.

















: |



FABLE XX.
& One-Eyed Stay.

ONE-EYED Stag that was afraid of the Hunts-

men at land, kept a watch that way, and fed

with his blind side towards an arm of the sea, where

he thought there was no danger. In this hope of

security, he was shot, by a ball from a boat, and so

ended his days with this lamentation : Here I am de-

stroyed, says he, where I reckoned myself to be safe

on the one hand; and no evil has befallen me, where

I most dreaded it, on the other. But it is my com-
fort that I intended the best.
112 FABLES. [PART Il.



MoRALS.

We are liable to many accidents that no care or foresight can
prevent : but we are to provide, however, the best we can
against them, and leave the rest to Providence,

te

The man whom we fear and suspect for a cheat,
Can hardly delude us with art and deceit ;

But he, in whose faith we securely confide,

May come round with impunity on our blind side.

REFLECTION,

We are many times preserved or destroyed by
those accidents or counsels that in all probability
should have had quite contrary effects. But yet it is
our part to act according to reason, and commit our-
selves to Heaven for the rest, The wisest of men
have their follies or blind sides, and have their ene-
mies too, who watch to take advantage of their weak-
ness. It behoves us therefore to look to ourselves on
the blind side, as the part that lies most exposed to
an attack. And yet, when we have done our best to
prevent mischief, the very precaution itself serves
many times to contribute to our ruin. In short, the
ways and workings-of Providence are unsearchable,
and it is not in the power of human prudence to
obviate all the accidents of life..
PART II] FABLES. 113





FaBLe XX,
A Shepherd anv a Woung AWHolf,

A SHEPHERD took a Wolf’s sucking Whelp,
and trained it up with his Dogs. The Whelp.
fed with them, grew up with them, and whensoever
they went out upon the chase of a Wolf, the Whelp
would be sure to make one. It fell out sometimes
that the Wolf escaped; but this domestic Wolf
would be still hunting on, after the dogs had given
over the chase, till he came up to his true brethren,
where he took part of the prey with them, and then
went back again to his master. And when he could
come in for no snacks with the Wolves, he would now’
and then make free, by the by, with a straggling
Sheep out of the flock. He carried on this trade for.
awhile; but at last he was caught in the fact, aod)
hanged by his injured master,
IIA FABLES, [PART II.



MoRALS,

Men naturally false and treacherous ave no more to be reclaimed
than Wolves. Benefits but augment their power to do
mischief, and they never fail to make use of tt to the pre-
judice of their benefactors,



The knave profest may seem a genrous foe,
Deserves a rope, yet claims our pity too;

But dragged to light, and stript of his disguise,
The sneaking hypocrite unpitied dies,

REFLECTION,

Ill dispositions may be dissembled for a while, but
nature is very hardly to be altered, either by counsel
oreducation. It may do well enough for curiosity and
experiment, to try how far ill-natured men, and other
creatures, may be wrought upon by fair usage and
good breeding; but the inclination and cruelty of
the dam will be hardly ever out of the Whelp.
Thrust back nature with a pitch-fork, says the poet,
and it will return, This Fable is a true portrait of
an ungrateful and treacherous mind, which, accord-
ing to the proverb, holds with the Hare, and runs with ©
the Hound ; which pretends greater zeal than others,
like the Wolf’s Whelp in the chase, in the detection
and pursuit of a common enemy; but at the same
time divides spoils with him, and, rather than want
an opportunity of doing mischief, will prey privately

‘upon the property he pretends to defend. Many
such instances we might give in public life; and
there have been too many such also in private life.
The punishment so richly merited in the Fable is
heartily to be wished whenever they happen, and it
is a pity it should be wanted. -
. PART IL] FABLES, 115



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Ne 2 ae
mils w es iin i



FaBle XXII,
Seamen raving to Satis.
N aterrible tempest at Sea, dne Seaman took
notice that the rest of his fellows were praying
severally to so many Saints. Havea care, my masters,
says he, what you do; for what if we should all be
drowned now before the messenger can deliver his
errand? would it not be better, without going so far
about, to pray to Him that can save us without help.
MoraAts.

A wise man will take the nearest and surest way to obtain hés
end, and to commit no business of Le lo a proxy,
where he may do it himself.



Inactive wishes are but waste of time,

And, without efforts, pray’rs themselves a crime:
Vain are their hopes, who mtractes expect,

And ask from heaven what themselves neglect.

_ REFLECTION,
Mankind, indolent and discontented, are very apt
116 a FABLES. [PART IL



to murmur at the dispensations of Providence, and
‘to call for divine assistance to extricate them from
their difficulties, when it is in their own power to
accomplish what they desire. They, who will not
stir a finger to promote their own interest, have little
title to expect any foreign assistance: but when they
have exerted their utmost skill and assiduity, their
prayers, if there is need for them, will be enforced by
every argument drawn from their own merit, and the
compassion of those to whom they make their appli-
cation,. Industry includes in itself this double
blessing: It commonly enables us to gain the point
we aim at; and in that case heightens the relish of
our enjoyments, when we consider that we have
attained them by our own art and perseverance: but
if we should happen to fail in our endeavours, it ex-
cites the pity of those who are able to serve us; and
gives a grace to our petitions for assistance and relief.

What needs any man make his court to the servants,
says Sir Roger L’Estrange, when his access is open
to the Master ? and especially when that Master is as
ready to give as the petitioner to ask.

With regard to secular matters, we are told a -
pleasant story of one of our princes, King Charles II.
He had often observed a country gentleman attend-

. ing to speak with one of his first ministers; and once
passing through the apartment where the gentleman
happened to be alone, he asked him his business.
He told him, that he was attending upon his minis-
ter, as he had often done, for such a post in his
Majesty’s gift. The King asked him, what he was to
give for it to the minister? He said £1000. The
King humorously told him he should have it, and
bid him give him £500, and keep t’other 4500 him-
self; and if he or his friends wanted any more such

bargains, he might apply to Reese directly, and be
served. at half price,
PART IL] FABLES. 117



ae

ate



lini

FAasle XXIII,
A For that hav lost bis Tail.

FOX taken in a trap was glad to compound for
his neck, by leaving his tail behind him. It
was so uncouth a sight for a Fox to appear without
a tail, that the very thought of it made him weary of
his life: but, however, for the better countenance of
the scandal, he got the Master and Wardens of the
foxes conepany to calla Court of Assistants, where he
himself appeared, and made a learned discourse upon
the trouble, the uselessness, and the indecency of
Foxes wearing tails. He had no sooner said out his
say, but up rises a cunning Snap, then at the board,
who desired to be informed, whether the worthy
member that moved against the wearing of tails, gave
his advice for the advantage of those that had fails,
or to palliate the deformity and disgrace of those that
had none.
118 FABLES. [PART II.



MORALS.

It ts the way of the world to give other people counsel for by-
ends. But yet itis a hard matter to over-rule a multitude
to their own pain anda loss.

a ee en ee od
Gladly Sir Clumsy would the worid persuade,
Not he, but all mankind are vilely made ;

And might the purblind and the deaf advise,
’Twere better for to want both ear and eyes.

REFLECTION.

We may improve a doctrine from this, that every
man has his weak side, either by mischance or by
nature; and that he makes it his business to cover it,
too, the best he can. In case of the worst, it is some
sort of ease to have company in misfortune. It puts
a man out of countenance to be in fashion by himself,
and therefore the Fox acted cunningly to try if he
could bring his fellow Foxes to put themselves into
his mode. When we have carried a point as far
as it will go, and can make no more of it, it is a
stroke of art and philosophy to look as if we did not
so much as wish for a thing that is not to be had.
Every man’s present condition has somewhat to be
said for it: if it be uneasy, the skill will be, either
how to mend it, or how to bear it; but then there
must be no clashing with the methods, the decrees,
and the laws of nature. A man that has forfeited his
honour and his conscience, seems to be much in the
condition of the Fox here that had lost his tail; and .
oftentimes takes as much pains, too, to persuade all
his companions to follow his fashion, and be as cor-
rupt as himself, that he may bring the rest of the
world down to his own standard.
PART 11] FABLES. 119g



In respect to temporal affairs, they, who pretend to
advise what measures are most conducive to the public
welfare, are often guided entirely by their own private
interest: but whenever they counsel any extraordinary
innovations, or endeavour to change any established
proceedings long used and approved, we may be
almost certain that they have some other design,
rather than the promotion of the general good. When
new regulations are proposed, we should turn our eyes
on those who propose them, and consider with atten-
tion, whether they have not some personal motives
for their conduct, and we should be particularly
cautious not to suffer ourselves to be imposed on by
jine speeches and pretended patriotism: for he who is
very solicitous to bring about a scheme, not attended
with any visible advantage to the community, must
only mean his own benefit; or, like the Fox, when
he has been caught himself in one trap, endeavour to
catch us in another.


120 FABLES. [PART IL.







FABLE XXIV.
A Sroffer Punisher.

PRESUMPTUOUS Scoffer at things sacred
took a journey to Delphi, on purpose to try if
he could put a trick upon Agollo. He carried a
sparrow in his hand under his coat, and told the god,
L have something in my hand, says he: Is it dead or
living? If the oracle should say it was dead, he
could show it alive; if living, it was but squeezing it,
and then it was dead. He that saw the iniquity of
his heart, gave him this answer: It shall e’en be which
of the two thou pleasest: for it is in thy choice to
have it either the one or the other, as to the bird, but
it is not in thy power as to thyself; and immediately
struck the bold scoffer dead, for a warning to others.
PART IL] FABLES. 127



MORALS.

Presumption naturally leads people to infidelity, and that by
insenstble degrees to atheism: for when men have once cast
off a reverence for religion, they are come within one step of
laughing at tt.

That there’s a God all nature loud proclaims,
The the vile Atheist the great truth disclaims ;
Or warp'd by prejudice, or sunk in sin,

fis fright ned conscience feels the lash within,

REFLECTION.

There is no playing fast and loose with God
Almighty, ‘who sees the very thoughts of our hearts,
This way of fooling in holy things, is the very boldest
sort of impiety that can be practised. “He that pre-
tends to doubt of an All-knowing power, hasas much
right to doubt of an Almighty power too; and the
bringing of one attribute in question, opens the way
to a diffidence of all the rest. It would prevent a
great deal of wickedness in the world, if men would
but live and act in religious matters, so as to own and
to recognise the force and awe of a Deity in their
practices, as well as in their words: but when they
come to querying and riddling upon it, with an Jf zt
be so and so, the scandal of the supposition is not to
be borne; for such a way of seeming to affirm a thing,
is but one remove from a flat denial of it. Such was
the Scoffer’s question here to the oracle, which implies
122 FABLES. [PART Il.



both the doubt of a divine Omniscience, and a curiosity
to discover the truth of the matter, with a banter at
the end of it; and so makes a consummated wicked-
ness,


PART It] FABLES. 123





FABLE XXV.
A Stan anv a Stork.

‘A STORK that was present at the song ofa dying

Swan, told her, it was contrary to nature to
sing so much out of season ; and asked her the reason
of it. Why, says the Swan, I am now entering into
a state where I shall be no longer in danger of either
snares, guns, or hunger; and who would not joy at
such a deliverance ?

MORALS.

Death is a certain relief from all the difficulties, pains, and
hazards of life.



This life’s a scene of bustle, care, and noise,
Of certain trouble, and uncertain joys,
Death ends the contest, we can only have
A peaceful refuge in the silent grave.
124 FABLES, [PART II.



REFLECTION.

It is a great folly to fear that which it is impossible
to avoid; and it is yet a greater folly to fear the
remedy of all evils: for death cures all diseases, and
frees us from all cares. It is as great a folly again
not to prepare ourselves, and provide for an inevitable
fate. We are as sure to go out of the world, as we
are that ever we came into it; and nothing but the
conscience of a good life can support us in that last
extremity. The fiction of a Swan’s singing at her
death does, in the moral, but advise and recommend
it to us to make ready for the cheerful entertainment
of our last hour, and to consider with ourselves, that
if death be so welcome a relief even to animals,
barely as a deliverance from the cares, miseries, and
dangers of a troublesome life, how much a greater
blessing ought all good men to account it then, that
are not only freed by it from the snares, difficulties,
and distractions of a wicked world, but put into pos-
session (over and above) of an everlasting peace, and
the fruition of joys that shall never have an end!

To attain this desirable state of mind, it is neces-
sary that we reflect fully and frequently on the
uncertainty of all worldly affairs, how flitting and
transitory, and how barren of real happiness, they
are; and to endeavour at a proper discharge of our
duty to society, by acting well the part assigned us
in it, and managing the talents committed to our
care, to beneficial ends and purposes; to our Creator,
by a constant and humble acquiescence in the dis-
pensations of His providence, and sincere and grate-
ful acknowledgments for His numberless mercies;
PART 11] FABLES. 125°



to ourselves, by restraining inordinate and unlawful
desires, and bridling our dissolute and licentious
affections, duly considering, that as we bear the
stamp and image of the Deity, every debasement
and pollution offered to our persons is an affront and
indignity to Him, and contrary to His express com-
mands: By a constant attention to these things, we
may be enabled to meet death without fear. The
consciousness of a well-spent life strips the tyrant of
all his terrors; then, like the Swan in the Fable, we
shall consider him as a welcome visitant that will
ease us of this load of mortality, and usher us into a
state of inexpressible felicity.




726 FABLES. [PART IL.

L



ra

Ste ]

: me

HIE
q









FABLE XX VI,
A Stallots and a Spider.

SPIDER that observed a Swallow catching of
flies, fell immediately to work upon a net to
catch Swallows; for she looked upon it as an en-
croachment upon her right: but the birds, without
any difficulty, brake through the work, and flew away
with the very net itself Well, says the Spider, bird-
catching is none of my talent, I perceive ; and so she
returned to her old trade of catching flies again.

MORALS.

A wise man will not undertake anything without means
answerable to the end,

———Se

They who by imitations covet fame,
Oft incur dangers, and solicit shame ;
PART II] FABLES. 127



for though the bright original we prize,
His abject imitator all despise.

REFLECTION.

Every man should examine the strength of his
own mind with attention and impartiality, and not
fondly flatter himself by measuring his own talents
by the false standard of the abilities of another. We
can no more adopt the genius of another man than
assume his shape and person; and an imitation of
his manner would no more become us than his
clothes. Man is indeed an imitative animal; but
whatever we take from general observation, without
servilely copying the practice of any individual, be-
comes so mixed and incorporated with our notions
that it may fairly be called our own. Almost every
man has something original in himself, which, if duly
cultivated, might perhaps procure him esteem and
applause; but if he neglects his natural talents, or
perverts them by an absurd imitation of others, he
becomes an object of ridicule; especially, if he at-
tempts to perform things beyond the compass of his
strength or understanding.


128 FABLES. [PART IL.





Fraple XX VII,
A Bog, a Cock, any a Sor.

DOG and a Cock took a journey together.
The Dog kennelled in the body of a hollow
tree, and the Cock roosted at night upon the boughs. ~
The Cock crowed about midnight (at his usual hour),
which brought a Fox that was abroad upon the hunt
immediately to the tree ; and there he-stood licking
of his lips at the Cock, and, wheedling him to get
him down, he protested he never heard so angelical
a voice since he was born; and what would not he
do now, to hug the creature that had given him so
admirable a serenade? Pray, says the Cock, speak
to the porter below to open the door, and I’ll come
down to you. The Fox, little dreaming of the Dog
so near, did as he was directed, and the Dog presently
seized and worried him,
PART IL] FABLES. 129



. MORALS.

When a man has to do with an adversary who ts too crafty or
, t00 strong for him, it is right to turn him off to his match,



flappy the ready wit of men of paris,
Who on himself can turn the villain’s arts f

REFLECTION.

Experience makes many a wise man of a fool, and
security makes many a fool of awise man. We have
an instance of the former in the Cock’s over-reaching
the Fox; and of the other in the Fox’s supine con-
fidence, that made him so intent, upon his prey, as
to neglect his safety; and to fall himself into the pit
that he had digged for another. It is much the same
case in the world, when Providence is pleased to con-
found the presumptuous, the false, the mighty, and
the. bloodthirsty by judgments of lice and frogs—
that is to say, by the most despicable of instruments ;
and that frequently at a crisis of time, when they
think themselves sure of the success of their mis-
chievous projects.
130 FABLES, [PART Il.



a “ot Ae i
“seid ll



F4sreE XX VII.
The Ants and a Chragshopper.

S the Ants were airing their provisions one
winter, a hungry Grasshopper begged a charity
ofthem. They told him, that he should have wrought
in summer, if he would not have wanted in winter.
Well, says the Grasshopper, but I was not idle neither;
for I sung out the whole season. Nay then, said
they, you Il e’en do well to make a merry year of it,
and dance in winter to the tune that you sung in
summer.

MORALS.

Action and industry ts the business of a wise and a good man,
and nothing is so much to be despised as slothfulness. Go
to the Ant, thou sluggard, says the Royal Preacher, con-
sider her ways, and be wise; which in a Jew words Sunes
up the moral of this fable.
PART IL] FABLES, 131



O now, while health and vigour still remain,
Toil, toil, my lads, to purchase honest gain /
Shun tdleness! shun pleasures tempting snare f
A youth of revels breeds an age of care.

REFLECTION,

Itis hard to say of laziness or luxury, whether it
be the more scandalous, or the more dangerous evil.
The very soul of the slothful does but lie drowsing in
his body, and the whole man is totally given up to
his senses; whereas the profit and the comfort of indus-
try are substantial, firm, and lasting; the blessings of
security and plenty go along with it, and it is never
out of season, What is the Grasshopper’s entertain-
ment now, but a summer’s song? A vain and empty
pleasure? Let it be understood, however, that we
are not to pass avarice upon the world under title of
good-husbandry and thrift, and thereby utterly to
extinguish charity. We are indeed, in the first place,
to consult our own necessities; but we are then to
consider, in the second, that the necessities of our
neighbours have a Christian right to a part of woal
we have to spare.

The stress of this moral lies upon the preference
of honest.labour to idleness ; and the refusal of relief,
on the one hand, is intended only for a reproof to
the inconsiderate loss of opportunity on the other.
This does not hinder yet, but that the Ants, out of
their abundance, ought to have relieved the Grass-
hopper in her distress, though it was her own fault
that brought her to it; for if one man’s faw/ts could
discharge another man of his duty, there would be no
longer any place left for the common offices of
society. To conclude, we have our failings, every one
132 FABLES, [PaRT II.



of us; and the improvidence of my neighbour must
not make me inhuman, The Ant did well to reprove
the Grasshopper for her slothfulness; but she did ill,
after that, to refuse her charity in her distress.

ee ee
a

=

Dyke y ss y
i as in



FABLE XXIX,
The Baly Cavalier.

HEN periwigs were first used, and then
chiefly to cover the defect of baldness, a cer-
tain Cavalier had one for that purpose, which passed
for his own hair. But as he was one day riding out
with some others a hunting, a sudden puff of wind
blew off both his wig and his hat, and set the com-
pany in aloud laugh at his bald pate. He, for his
part, fell a laughing with the rest, and said, Why,
really, Gentlemen, this is merry enough; for how
could I expect.to keep other people’s hair, who could
not preserve my own,
PART II.] FABLES. ‘133



MORALS.

The edge of a jest ts quite blunted and turned off when a man

has presence of mind to join in tt against himself, or begin
zt.

2 8

When the loud laugh prevails at your expense,
All want of temper is but want of sense ;

Frown not, but laugh tn concert with the vest.

REFLECTION.

A frank, easy way of openness and candour agrees
best with all humours; and he that is over solicitous
to conceal a defect, often does as good as make pro-
clamation of it. And it is a turn of art in many
cases, where a man lies open to ridicule, to anticipate
the jest, and make sport with himself first.

The epigram of Martial wpon a lady, who, in a
case in point, was for hiding a defect like that of the
bald Knight, and made use of false hair, carries with
it the severer sting, as she was willing and studious
to conceal it. The Poet, made Euglish, says :—

The golden hair that Galle wears
Is hers: who would have thought it ?
She swears ’tis hers—and true she swears,
For I know where she bought it.
‘134 FABLES. [PART IL



RET GeNEROTAN a

ig
ies



\

FABLE XXX.
@ Boy. and a Cat,

EVER were two creatures better together than
ve a Dog and a Cat brought up in the same
house from a Whelp and a Kitten; so kind, so game-
some and diverting, that it was half the entertain-
ment of the family to see the gambols and love-tricks
that passed betwixt them. Only it was observed,
that still at meal-times, when scraps fell from the
table, or a bone was thrown to them, they would be
snarling and spitting at one another under the table
like the worst of foes.
PART I1.] . FABLES, 135



MORALS,

But as the sun, refulgent globe of light,

By mists obscur’d, may shine more dimly bright ;
Or by some sable cloud tts lustre veil’d, .

Lie hid in darkness from the world conceal’d ;
So every joy which mortais here can know

Ls damp'd by sorrow, or is mixd with woe.
Pleasure entire, from all assaults secure,

To no one’s granted, no one can ensure.
_ Ongovernw'd passions to such heights will rise,
That friendship’s self oft falls a sacrifice ;

A fire is kindled in the human breast,

By words misconstru'd, or a sineple jest,

As some one relish often spotls a feast.

Thus sportful, frisking on the sunny green,
Lwo lambkins loving are not seldom seen:

OF from the flock they to a distance stray,

And all a battle represent tn play }

Till some unlucky thrusts rouse up their rage,
Pretence ts gone, in earnest they engage.

Those whom she sung, the muse reluctant sees

Differ for causes trivial as these ;

And full of anguish, sighing and alone,

Pours out her deeh-felt melancholy moan :-—

“< Where dwelt their mutual fondness in that hour
When love took leave, and kindness now no more?
Alas! no more, in social converse jotn'd,

Shall they partake the rapture of the mind ?
Placid content, shali fell disgust succeed,

And vexing discord make enjoyment bleed 2
Forbid it, Hearn! and to them gracious deign
Their strict agreeing harmony again /

All jarring thoughts at utmost distance, keep,
And bid the former in oblivion sleep |”

REFLECTION.

Here is a perfect emblem of the practices and
friendships of the world, We contract little likings,
136 FABLES. [PART II.





enter into agreeable conversations, and pass away the
time so merrily and kindly together, that one would
think it impossible for anything under the sun to
break the interest; and yet upon the throwing in
any cross interest among us, which is all one with
the bone under the table ; nay, upon a jealous thought,
or a mistaken word or look, all former bonds are
cancelled, the league broken, and the farce concludes
in biting and scratching one another’s eyes out. The
same figure will serve for princes and states, public
persons and private, married and single; people, in
fine, of all professions and pretences.













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Wan uh













Ss



























FABLE XXX,
An Lmpertinent and Philogepher.

CERTAIN pragmatical, gay, fluttering Cox-
comb would needs make a visit to a Philosopher.
He found him alone in his study, and fell a wondering
PART I1.] FABLES. 137



how he could endure to lead so solitary a life. Sir,
says the Philosopher, you are exceedingly mistaken,
for I was in very good company till you came in.

MORALS.

What the noisy and most numerous part of the world calls
good company, is generally the most irksome and insipid
thing in the world to a wise man; a mere round of folly
and impertinence, and void of any kind of instruction or
benefit to a reflecting mind. How preferable to such a
man must it be to converse with the learned dead, rather
than the unedifying and noisy living ?

—>-»-+-28 4

“ Swift zs obscure, and Addison wants taste,
Shakespeare zs ow, and Milton.al/ bombast” —
Thus wit itself haif-seeing fools condemn,

And sense and genius are all dark to them.

REFLECTION,

It is one of the most vexatious mortifications, per-
haps, of a sober and studious man’s life, to have his
thoughts disordered, and the chain of his reason
discomposed, by the importunity of a tedious and
impertinent visit; especially if it be from a fool of
quality, where the station of the man entitles him to
all returns of good manners and respect, The drift
of this fable is to tell us, that good books and good
thoughts are the best company, and that they are
mistaken, who think a wise man can ever be alone.
It prepares us also to expect interruptions and dis-
appointments, and to provide for them; but withal
to take the best care we can to prevent the plague of
ill company, by avoiding the occasions of it. The
linking of a man of brains and honesty, with a lewd,
138 FABLES. [PART IL.



insipid companion, is effectually the emblem of that
' tyrant who bound the living. and the dead together ;
and yet this is it which the impertinent takes for the
relief of solitude, and that he calls company.





FaBreE XXXII,

The Fox and the Ags,

N Ass, finding a Lion’s skin, disguised himself
with it, and ranged about the forest, putting
all the beasts that saw him into a bodily fear. After
he had diverted himself thus for some time, he met
a Fox; and being desirous to fright him too, as well
as the rest, he leapt at him with some fierceness, and
endeavoured to imitate the roaring of the Lion. Your
humble servant, says the Fox; if you had held your
tongue, I might have taken you for a Lion, as others
did; but now you bray, I know who you are.
PART 11] FABLES. 139



MORALS.
The more distant any person is from the thing he affects to
appear, the stronger will the ridicule be which he excttes,
and the greater the inconveniencies into which he runs
himself,
—— > oe
Lhe fop, with empty jests and silly smile,
Women, or men like women, may beguile s
lowe’ er with fools his senseless prate may pass,
The man of sense soon knows him for an Ass.

REFLECTION.

This is so trite and common a subject, that there
is scarce any one who is ignorant of it. A man is
known by his words, as a tree is by the fruit; and, if
we would be apprised of the nature and qualities of
any one, let him but discourse, and he himself will
speak them to us, better than another can describe
them. We may therefore perceive from this fable,
how proper it is for those to hold their tongues who
would not discover the shallowness of their under-
standings.

Asses and Owls, unseen, themselves betray,
When these attempt to hoot, or those to bray.

The deepest rivers are most silent :. the greatest noise
is ever found where there is the least depth of water.
And it is a true observation, that those who are the
weakest in understanding, and most slow of appre-
hension, are generally the strongest in opinion, and
most precipitate in uttering their crude conceptions,
When, with a secret awe, we regard the grave address
and important mien of some senatorian person, whom
we have chanced to meet in a coffee-house, what a
speaker do we often think he must be, before we
140 FABLES. [PART II.



hear him speak! his air breathes the seriousness of a
privy councillor, and his erect aspect the dignity of
an eminent patriot: But he utters himself, and un-
deceives us; he brays, and tells the whole company
what he is,
















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Fasre XXXITTI.
A Boar and a For.

S a Boar was whetting his teeth against a tree,

up comes a Fox to him, Pray, what do you

mean by that? says he. I do it, says the Boar, to be

in readiness in case of an attack by an enemy. But,

replies the Fox, I see no occasion for it, for there is

no enemy near you. Well, says the Boar, but I see

occasion for it; for when I come once to be set upon,

it will be too late for me to be whetting when I should
be fighting.
PART I1.] FABLES, 141



MORALS.

A discreet man should have a reserve of everything that is
necessary beforehand, that when the time comes for hin to
make use of them, he may not be in a hurry and confusion.



Wise are the people, who in peace prepare

Their fleets and armies for the distant war ;

Who ne'er in treaties and conventions trust,

Nor leave the sword, though tt be sheath d, to rust.

REFLECTION,

He that is not idle when he is at leisure, may play
with his business. A discreet man should have a
reserve of everything that is necessary beforehand ;
that when the time comes for him to make use of
them, he may not be in a hurry and a confusion, A
wise General has not his men to discipline, or his
ammunition to provide, when the trumpet sounds Zo
Arms; but sets apart his times of exercise for one,
and his magazines for the other, in the calm season of
peace. We hope to live to a good old age: Should
we not, then, lay up a store of conveniences against
that time, when we shall be most in want of them, and
least able to procurethem? We must die; nay, never
start; we must. Are there not some necessary things
for us to transact before we depart; at least, some
trifle or other for us to bequeath, which a sudden
stroke may prevent us from doing? Sure there is.
And if so, how inexcusable shall we be, if we defer
the execution of it till the alarm comes upon us, J
did not think of it, is an expression unworthy a wise

man’s mouth; and was only intended for the use of
fools,
142 FABLES. i [PART II.





FABLE XXXIV,

The Biscontenteyd Ase.

N Ass, in a hard winter, wished for a little warm
weather, and a mouthful of fresh grass to nap
upon, in exchange for a heartless truss of straw, and
a cold lodging. In good time the warm weather and
the fresh grass came on ; but so much toil and busi-
ness along with it, that the Ass grows quickly as sick
of the spring as he was of the winter. Henext longs
for summer ; and when that comes, finds his toils and
drudgery greater than in the spring; and then he
fancies he shall never be well till autumn comes: but.
there again, what with carrying apples, grapes, fuel,
winter provisions, and such like, he finds himself in a
greater hurry than ever. In fine, when he has trod
the circle of the year in a course of restless labour,
his last prayer is for winter again, and that he may
but take up his rest where he began his complaint.

‘
PART IL] FABLES. 143



MOoRALS..

The life of an unsteady man runs away in a course of vain
wishes, and unprofitable discontent ; an unsettled mind can
never be at rest. There is no season without its business.



Who lacks the pleasures of a tranguil mind,
Will something wrong in every station find ;
flis mind unsteady, and on changes bent,

Ls always shifting, yet ts ne’er content.

REFLECTION.

There is no measure to be taken of an unsteady
mind: but still it is either too much or too little, too
soon or too late. The love of novelty begets and
increases the love of novelty; and the oftener we
change, the more dangerous and troublesome do we
find this itch of variety to be. The Ass was sick of
the winter, sicker yet of the spring, more sick still of
the summer; and sickest of all of the autumn; till
he is brought, in the end, to compound for his first
condition again, and so take up with that for his satis-
faction, which he reckoned upon before for his mis-
fortune.

Thus it is, when fickle and foolish people will be
prescribing to, and refining upon, the wise and gracious
appointments of the Maker of the world. They.
know not what they a@ve,and they know not what
they would be, any farther, than that they would not
be what ¢hey ave, Let their present state in the
world be what it will, there is still something or
other in it that makes their lives wearisome: and
they are as peevish company to themselves too, as
they are to their friends and neighbours; for there is
144 : FABLES, [PART II.



not one circumstance, in nature, but they shall find
matter to pick a quarrel at: the present is only the
course of so many moments into time Zo come: were
it not better then for people at first to sit down con-
tentedly in the post where Providence has placed
them, and to do their duty in that state of life, as they
are early and excellently taught, 7 which it has
pleased God to call them, than be forced to do it at
last, by the dear bought experience of their follies?

This, however, we say, not to bar honest industry,
or a sober application to these studies or means that
may probably contribute to the mending of a man’s
fortune; provided that he set up his resolution before-
hand,.not to let himself down below the dignity of a
wise man, be the issue of his endeavours what it will.
For he that is not content at present, carries the same
weakness along with him to the next remove ; and who-
ever either passionately covets any thing that he has
not, or feels himself glutted with a satiety of what he
possesses, has already lost his hold: so that if we
would be happy, we must fix upon some foundation
that can never deceive us, and govern ourselves by
the measures of sobriety and justice. .

If we look round us in the world, and likewise
examine our own hearts, we shall find that one of the
principal sources of our discontent, is the making of
a false estimate of our own and: our neighbours’
abilities, and thence drawing conclusions that lead us
into difficulties. Does any citizen hold a consider-

able office? Or is he eminent for his fortune? That
— envy, inherent in our nature, prompts us to examine,
by what title he enjoys those benefits and distinctions,
that lift him above the level of the community ; the’
PART I1.] FABLES. ‘ 145



same principle leads us to overlook, in some measure,
his good qualities, and greatly to exaggerate his bad
ones. We are tempted next to make a comparison
between him and ourselves, and by looking through
the other end of the perspective, imagine that the
balance is greatly in our favour, and without further
process or examination conclude, that the world
ought to abide by our decision ; hence the number-
less disappointments we meet with; hence all the
uneasiness we feel in every stage and station of life.
Were we to pay a proper attention to that celebrated
sentence of the Delphic oracle,
*“KNow THYSELF,”

we should experience fewer disappointments, become
better members of society, and enjoy a greater por-
tion of that tranquillity of soul, that internal serenity
of mind, without which every station in life, however
garnished with honours, however loaded with riches,
may be pronounced miserable,


146 FABLES. [PART It.





FABLE XXX V,
The Andutitul Boung Lion.

MONG other good counsels that an old ex-
perienced Lion gave to his whelp, this was one,

that he should never contend with a man: for, says
he, if ever you do, you'll be worsted. The little
Lion gave his father the hearing, and kept the advice
in his thought, but it never went near his heart.
When he came to be grown up, afterwards, and in
the flower of his strength and vigour, about he ranges
to look for a man to grapple with. In his ramble he
met with a yoke of oxen, and then with a horse,
saddled and bridled, and severally asked them if they
were men; but théy saying they were not, he goes
after this to one that was cleaving of blocks: D’ye
hear? says the Lion, you seem to bea man: And
a man I am, says the fellow. That’s well, quoth the
>Lion, and dare you fight with me? Yes, says the
PART IL] FABLES. . 147



man, I dare: why, I can tear all these blocks to
pieces, you see. Put your feet now into this gap,
where you see an iron thing there, and try what you
can do. The Lion presently put his paws into the
gaping of the wood, and with one lusty pluck made
it give way, and out drops the wedge; the wood
immediately closing upon it, there was the Lion
caught by the toes, The Wood-man presently upon
this raises the country, and the Lion finding what a
strait he was in, gave one hearty twitch and got his
feet out of the trap, but left his claws behind him.
So away he goes back to his father, all lame and
bloody, with this confession in his mouth: Alas! my
dear father, says he, ¢his had never been, if I had
Sollowed your advice.

MORALS.

The vengeance of Heaven, sooner or later, treads upon the heels
of wilful disobedience to parents.

8

When wayward children in the pride of youth,

Scorn wisdou's precepts, and the curb of truth s

Laugh at experience, and her sagest rules,

And hold restraints the doting fits of fools ;

They thoughtless rush, where folly leads the way,
‘ Where evils throng, and vice holds lordly sway.
Vet hoary age by long experience knows,

Where vices flourish, and where evil grows ;

With cautious fondness for the budding mind,

Warns from the path, where tll with tll’s combin’d ;

Widist heedless youth, tn all the pomp of pride,

Spurn at his prudence, and his laws deride,

A few short years disperse the dazzling shade,

Which fame excited, and which transports made ;
148 FABLES. [PART IL.



Wearied and palld with pleasure’s fleeting joys,
Which madness raves for, and which health destroys ;
Too late they find, by sage experience taught,

The rules of age are with true wisdom fraught.

REFLECTION.

Children are not to reason upon obedience to
parents, provided there be nothing in the command,
or in the imposition, that is simply evil; for head-
strong and undutifulichildren seldom escape a
remarkable punishment, which gives them reason to
say to their parents, this had never been, if I had
followed your advice.

> oe >

le a itn N Te



Fastn XXXVI,
The Countryman. and Age.

N old fellow was feeding an Ass in a fine green
meadow ; and being alarmed with the sudden
approach of the enemy, was impatient with the Ass
to put himself forward, and fly with all the speed
that he was able. The Ass asked him, Whether or
PART IL] FABLES, 149



no he thought the enemy would clap two pair of
panniers upon his back? The man said, No, there
was no fear of that. Why then, says the Ass, I will
not stir an inch; for what is it to me who my master
is, since I shall but carry my panniers as usual?

MORALS.

Men in a fright, or alarmed with the apprehensions of some
imminent danger to themselues, often fly for succour to those
Svom whom they have not deserved any. It is prudent so -
to behave in our prosperity, as that we may make every one
our friend in times of adversity: for no one ts exempted
JSrom the mutability of fortune.



The man thatis poor may be void of all care,

Lf there’s nothing to hope, he has nothing to fear :
Whether stocks rise or fall, or whatéer be the news,
fle ts sure not to win, and has nothing to lose.

REFLECTION,

This fable shows us how much in the wrong the
poorer sort of people most commonly are, when they
are under any concern about the revolutions of a
government. All the alteration which they can feel
is, perhaps, in the name of their sovereign, or some
such important trifle. -But they cannot well be poorer,
or made to work harder than they did before. And
- yet how are they sometimes imposed upon, and drawn
in by the artifices of a few mistaken or designing
men, to foment factions, and raise rebellions, in cases
where they can get nothing by the success; but, if
they miscarry, are in danger of suffering an ignomi-
nious, untimely death,
150 FABLES. [PART IL.





FasLe XXXVI,

Soy and Sorrotw.

OY and Sorrow, two twin-sisters, once quarrelled
vehemently who should have the preference;
and being unable to decide the matter, left it. to
Minos to determine. He tried all means to make
them agree and go hand in hand together, as loving
sisters ought; but finding his counsel had no effect
upon them, he decreed that they should be linked
together in a chain; and each of them in turn should
be perpetually treading upon the heel of the other;
and not a pin matter then, says he, which goes fore-
most.
MorRALS.

No man is to presume in prosperity, ov despair in adversity ,
Jor good and til fortune do as naturally succeed one another,
as Gay and night. .
PART IL] “FABLES. Ist



The Gods one time, as poets feign,
Would pleasure intermix with pain ;
And perfectly incorporate so, .

As one from Bother none might know ;
That mortals might alike partake

The Good and Evil which they make.

In mighty bowl they put these twain,
And stirrd and stirr’d, but all in vain:
Pleasure would sometimes float aloft,
And pain keep pleasure down as oft :
Vet still from one another fly,

Detesting either’s company.

The Gods, who saw they sooner might
Mix fire and water, day and night,
Unanimously then decreed
Lhey should alternately succeed ;

Leach other’s motions still pursue,
Aud a perhetual round renew +
Vet still divided should remain,
Tho’ link’d together with a chain.

Thence comes it that we never see
A perfect bliss ov misery 3
Lach happiness has some alloys
And grief succeeded ts by joy.
The happiest mortal needs must own
fle has a time of sorrow known :
Nor can the poorest wretch deny
But in his life he felé a joy.

REFLECTION.

It is the lot of mankind to be happy and miserable
by turns. The wisdom of Providence will have it so;
and it is exceedingly for our advantage that so it
should be. There is nothing pure and unmixed
under the heavens; and if there were, such an ab-
stracted simplicity would be neither nourishing nor
profitable to us. By the mediation of this mixture,
152 FABLES. {PART Il.



we have the comfort of Hope to support us in our
distresses, and the apprehensions of a change to keep
a check upon us in the very pride of our greatness :
so that by this vicissitude of goed and evil we are
kept steady in our philosophy and in our religion.
The one minds us of God’s omnipotence and justice ;
the other, of His goodness and mercy: the one tells
us, there is no trusting to our own strength; the
other preaches faith and resignation in the prospect
of an overruling Providence that takes care of us.
What is it but sickness that gives us a taste of health?
bondage, the relish of liberty? and what but the
experience of want that enhances the value of plenty ?
that which we call ease is only an indolence or a free-
dom from pain; and there is no such thing as felicity
or misery but by comparison. It is very true, that
hopes and fears are the snares of life in some respects,
but they are the reliefs of it in others. Now for fear
of the worst, however, on either hand every man has
it in his power, by the force of natural reason, to
avoid the danger of falling either into presumption
or despair.


PART IL] FABLES. 153





al



FABLE XXXVITSI.
The Fox and the Ave.

NCE upon a time, the beasts were so void of
reason as to choose an Ape for their King.

He had danced, and diverted them with playing antic
tri¢ks, and truly nothing would serve but they must
anoint him their sovereign. Accordingly crowned he
was, and affected to look very wise and politic. But
the Fox, vexed at his heart to see his fellow-brutes
act so foolishly, was resolved the first opportunity to
convince them of their sorry choice, and punish their
jackanapes of a king for his presumption. Soon
after, spying a trap in a ditch, which was baited with
a piece of flesh, he went and informed the Ape of it,
as a treasure, which, being found upon the waste,
belonged to his Majesty only. The Ape, dreaming
nothing of the matter, went very briskly to take pos-
session, but had no sooner laid his paws upon the
154 FABLES, [PaRT IL



bait, than he was caught in the trap; where, betwixt
shame and anger, he began to reproach the Fox,
calling him rebel and traitor, and threatening to be
revenged of him, At all which Reyxard laughed
heartily; and going off, added, with a sneer, You a
king, and not understand trap!

MORALS.

When Apes are in power, Foxes will never be wanting to play
upon them,

~~? ++ 2 -

When nations raise an idiot to the throne,
fle shows the people's weakness and his own,

REFLECTION.

A weak man should not aspire to be a king; for
if he were, in the end it would prove as inconvenient
to himself, as disadvantageous to the public. To be
qualified for such an office—an office of the last im-
portance to mankind—the person should be of a
distinguished prudence and most unblemished in-
tegrity ; too honest to impose upon others, and
too penetrating to be imposed upon ; thoroughly
acquainted with the laws and genius of the realm
he is to govern; brave, but not passionate; good-
natured, but not soft; aspiring at just esteem; de-
spising vain-glory ; without superstition ; without
hypocrisy. When thrones have been filled by people
of a different turn from this, histories show what a
wretched figure they always made; what tools they
were to particular persons, and- what plagues to their
subjects in general, They who studied their passions
PART It] FABLES. 155



and entered into their foibles, led them by the nose
as they pleased ; and took them off from the guar-
dianship of the public, by some paltry amusement,
that themselves might have the better opportunity
to rifle and plunder it.



FABLE XXXIX,
The Satyr and the Trakeller.

SATYR, as he was ranging the Forest in an
exceeding cold, snowy season, met with a
Traveller half-starved with the extremity of the
weather. He took compassion on him, and kindly
invited him home, to a warm comfortable cave he had
in the hollow of a rock. As soon as they had entered
and sat down, notwithstanding there was a good fire
in the place, the chilly Traveller could not forbear
blowing his finger ends. Upon the Satyr’s asking
him why he did so, he answered: That he did it to


156 . FABLES. [PART II.



warm his hands, The honest silvan having seen
little of the world, admired a man who was master of
so valuable a quality as that of blowing heat, and
therefore was resolved to entertain him in the best
‘manner he could. He spread the table before him
with dried fruits of several sorts; and produced a
remnant of old cordial wine, which, as the rigour of
the season made very proper, he mulled with some
warm spices, infused over the fire, and presented to
his shivering guest, But this the Traveller thought
fit to blow likewise ; and upon the Satyr’s demanding
a reason why he blowed again, he replied: To cool —
his dish. This second answer provoked the Satyr’s
indignation, as much as the first had kindled his sur-
prise. So, taking the man by the shoulder, he thrust
him out of doors, saying: He would have nothing to
do with a wretch who had so vile a quality as to blow
hot and cold with the same mouth,

MoRALS.

There is no conversing with any man that carries two faces
. under one hood,



With such an inmate who would be perplext,
One hour all coldness, and all heat the next!
Who would his fev'rish shiv ring fits endure ?
That ague of the heart, no drug can cure.

REFLECTION.

Though the poor Traveller in the Fable was not
guilty of any real crime in what he did, yet one can-
not help approving the honest simplicity of the Satyr,
PART If] FABLES. 157

who could not be reconciled to such double dealing.
In the moral sense of the Fable, nothing can be more
offensive to one of a sincere heart, than he that blows
with a different breath from the same mouth ; who
flatters a man to his face, and reviles him behind his
back. Some again, just like this man, to serve a
present view, will blow nothing but what is warm,
benevolent, and cherishing; and when they have
raised the expectations of a dependant to a degree
which they think may prove troublesome, can, with
putting on a cold air, easily chill and blast all his
blooming hopes. But such a temper, whether it pro-
ceeds from a designed or natural levity, is detestable,
and has been the cause of much trouble and morti-
fication to many a brave deserving man. Unless
the tenor of a man’s life be always true and con-
sistent with itself, the less one has to do with him
the better.


158 FABLES. (PART I.





FABLE XL,

The Lagle, the Wat, and the Sot.

N Eagle had built her nest upon the top branches

of an old oak. A wild Cat inhabited a hole in

the middle; and in the hollow part at the bottom
was a Sow, with a whole litter of pigs. A happy
neighbourhood ; and might long have continued so,
had it not been for the wicked insinuations of the
designing Cat. For, first of all, up she crept to the
Eagle; and, good neighbour, says she, we shall be all
undone: That-filthy Sow yonder does nothing but
lie routing at the foot of the tree, and, as I suspect,
intends to grub it up, that she may the more easily
come at our young ones. For my part I will take
care of my own concerns; you may do as you please,
but I will watch her motions, though I stay at home
PART II.] FABLES. 159



this month for it. When she had said this, which
could not fail of putting the Eagle into a great fright,
down she went, and made a visit to the Sow at the
bottom ; and, putting on a sorrowful face, I hope,
says she, you do not intend to go abroad to-day?
‘Why! not? says the Sow. Nay, replies the other,
you may do as you please ; but I overheard the Eagle
tell her young ones, that she would treat them with a
pig the first time she saw you go out; and I am not
sure but she may take up with a kitten in the mean-
time; so, good-morrow to you; you will excuse me,
I must go and take care of the little folks at home.
Away she went accordingly; and, by contriving to
steal out softly at nights for her prey, and to stand
watching and peeping all day at her hole, as under
great concern, she made such an impression upon the
Eagle and the Sow, that neither of them dared to
venture abroad for fear of the other. The conse-
quence of which was, that themselves, and their young
ones, in a little time were all starved, and made prize
of by the treacherous Cat and her kittens.

MORALS.

There can be no peace in any state or family where whisperers
and tale-bearers are encouraged.

=

Ill fares that neighbourhood, where sland’rers meet
With easy faith to back their base deceit :

. From house to house the plague of discord spreads,
And brings down ruin on their hapless heads.
160 FABLES. [PART II:



REFLECTION.

Busy-bodies and intermeddlers are a dangerous sort
of people to have to do withal; for there is no mis-
chief that may not be wrought by the craft and man-
agement of a double tongue, with a foolish credulity
to work upon. There is hardly a greater pest to
government, to conversation, to the peace of societies,
relations, and families, than officious tale-bearers and
busy intermeddlers. These pick-thanks are enough
to set mankind together by the ears; they live upon
calumny and slander, and cover themselves, too, under
the seal of secrecy and friendship; these are the
’ people who set their neighbours houses on fire to roast
theiy own eggs. The sin of traducing is diabolical,
according to the very letter; and if the office be
artificially managed, it is enough to put the whole
world into a flame, and nobody the wiser which way
it came. The mischief may be promoted, by misre-
presenting, misunderstanding, or misinterpreting our
neighbour’s thoughts, words, and deeds; and no
wound so mortal, as that where the poison works
under a pretence of kindness: nay, there are ways of
commendation, and insinuations of affection and
esteem, that kill a man as sure as a bullet. This
practice is the bane of trust and confidence; and it
is as frequent in the intrigues of courts and ‘states, as
in the most ordinary accidents of life. It is enough
to break the neck of all honest purposes, to stifle all
generous and public-spirited motions, and to suppress
all honourable inclinations in the very conception.
But, next to the practice of these lewd offices, deliver
all honest men, say I, from lying at the mercy of
those that encourage and entertain them,
PART II.] FABLES. 161



e if ine

ig
)

HR

ida MT



FasLe XL.
The Cock and the Fox,

COCK being perched among the branches of a

lofty Tree, crowed aloud, so that the shrillness

of his voice echoed through the wood and invited a Fox
to the place, who was prowling in that neighbourhood,
in quest of his prey. But Reynard, finding the Cock
was inaccessible, by reason of the height of his situa-
tion, had recourse to stratagem, in order to decoy
him down; so, approaching the tree, Cousin, says
he, Iam heartily glad to see you; but at the same
time I cannot forbear expressing my uneasiness at
the inconvenience of the place, which will not let me
pay my respects to you in a handsomer manner;
though I suppose you will come down presently, and
so that difficulty is easily removed. Indeed, Cousin,

says the Cock, to tell you the truth I don’t think it
L
162 FABLES. [PART IL



safe to venture myself upon the ground, for though
Iam convinced how much you are my friend, yet I
may have the misfortune to fall into the clutches of
some other beast, and what will become of me then?
O dear, says Reynard, is it possible that you can be
so ignorant, as not to know of the peace that has
been lately proclaimed between all kinds of birds and
beasts; and that we are, for the future, to forbear
hostilities on all sides, and to live in the utmost love
and harmony, and that under penalty of suffering
the severest punishment that can be inflicted? All
this while the Cock seemed to give little attention to
what was said, but stretched out his neck, as if he’
saw something at a distance: Cousin, says the Fox,
what’s that you look at so earnestly? Why, says
the Cock, I think I see a pack of hounds yonder a
little way off. Oh then, says the Fox, your humble
servant, I must be gone. Nay, pray, Cousin, don’t
go, says the Cock, I’m just coming down; sure you
are not afraid of dogs in these peaceable times. No,
no, says he; but ten to one whether they have heard
of the proclamation yet.

MORALS.

Pevfidious people are naturally to be suspected in reports that
Javour their own interest.



———__.

Take courage, hence, ye wise, nor dread deceit;
Good sense and craft, how seldom do they meet !
Tho’ keen, yet feeble, are the sharper’s tools,
And cunning’s the peculiar gift of fools.
PART IL] FABLES. 163



REFLECTION.

It isa very agreeable thing to see craft repelled by
cunning ; more especially to behold the snares of the
wicked broken and defeated by the discreet manage-
ment of the innocent. The moral of this Fable prin-
cipally puts us in mind, not to be too credulous to-
wards the insinuations of those who are already dis-
tinguished by their want of faith and honesty. When,
therefore, any such would draw us into a compliance
with their destructive measures, by a pretended civility
and extraordinary concern for our interest, we should
consider such proposals in their true light, as a bait
artfully placed to conceal the fatal hook, which is
intended to draw us into captivity and thraldom.
An honest man, with a little .plain sense, may doa
thousand advantageous things for the public good;

-and, without being master of much address or
rhetoric, as easily convince: people that his designs
are intended for their welfare: But a wicked design-
ing politician, though he has a tongue as eloquent as
ever spoke, may sometimes be disappointed in his
projects and be foiled in his schemes; especially
when their destructive texture is so coarsely spun,
and the threads of mischief are so large in them, as
to be seen even by those whose senses are scarce
perfect enough to see and understand them,


164 ; FABLES. [PART IL





FABLE XLII,

Age ta be Wonoured.

PERT and inconsiderate young Man happened

to meet an old Man, whose age and infirmity

had brought his body almost to the shape of a bent

bow. Pray, father, says he, will you sell your bow?

Save your money, you fool, says the other; for when

you come to my years, you shall have such a bow for
nothing.

MORALS,
There cannot be a greater folly and impertinence, than that of
young men scoffing at the infirmities of age.
~Sawas2>

Though vigrous health thy tide of life sustains,
And youthful manhood revels in thy veins:
With rev rend awe regard the bending sage,
Nor thoughtless mock th? infirmities of age.
PART II] FABLES. 165;



REFLECTION.

We are all born to die, and it is every jot as cer-
tain that we shall go out of the world, as that we are
already come into it: we are helpless in infancy;
ungovernable in youth; our strength and vigour
scarce outlast a morning sun; our infirmities hasten
upon us as our years advance, and we grow helpless in
our old age as in our infancy. What, then, have the
best of us to boast of? Even time and human frailty
alone will bring us to our end without the help of
any accidents or distempers ; so that our decays are
as much the works of nature, as the first principles of
our being; and the young man’s conceit of the
crooked bow is no better than an irreverent way of
making sport with the course of Providence; besides
shewing the folly of scoffing at that in another
which he himself was sure to come to at last, or
worse.


166 FABLES, [PART IL



















f4asre SLITS,

he Splenetic Traveller.

SPLENETIC and a facetious man were once
upon a journey: the former went slugging on

with a thousand cares and troubles in his head, ex-
claiming over and over: “Lord, what shall I do to
live?” The other jogged merrily away, and left
his matters to Providence and good fortune. “ Well,
brother,” says the sorrowful wight, “how can you
be so frolicksome now? As J am a sinner, my
heart’s e’en ready to break for fear I should want
bread.” “Come, come,” says the other, “fall back,
fall edge, I have fixed my resolution, and my mind’s
at rest.” “Ay, but for all that,’ says the other,
“I have known the confidence of as resolute people
as yourself has deceived them in the conclusion ;”
and so the poor man fell into another fit of doubting
and musing, till he started out of it all on a sudden:
PART I1.] FABLES, — 167



“Good Sir!” says he, “what if I should fall blind?”
and so he walked a good way before his companion
with his eyes shut, to try how it would be if that
misfortune should befall him. In this interim, his
fellow-traveller, who followed him, found a purse of
money upon the way, which rewarded his trust in
Providence; whereas the other missed that encounter
as a punishment of his distrust; for the purse had
been his, as he went first, if he had not put himself
out of condition of seeing it,

MORALS,

fTe that commits himself to Providence is sure of a friend in
time of need; while an anxious distrust of the divine good-
ness makes a@ man more and more unworthy of it, and
miserable beforehand for fear of being so afterwards.

NE IRD OT

Who with vain fancies do themselves possess,
Ave never bless'd, or can never bless ;

Their life perplex'd, and fretful to no end—
The truly wise on Providence depend.

REFLECTION,

The two opposite humours of a cheerful trust in
Providence and a suspicious diffidence of it, with the
‘ordinary effects and consequences of the one and the
other, are very well set forth here for our instruction
and comfort. The Divine goodness never fails those
that depend upon it, provided that, according to the
advice of Hercules to the Carter, they put their own
shoulders to the work.

The most wretched sort of people under the sun
are your dreamers upon events, your low-spirited
168 - FABLES. [PART IL



foreboders, supposers, and: putters of cases: they are
still calculating within themselves, what if this or
that calamity, judgment, or disaster should befall
them? and so they really suffer the evils they dread
most. It is very certain, that what we fear we feel;
besides that, fancy breeds misery as naturally as it
does the small-pox. Set a whimsical head once agog
upon sprites and goblins, and he will be ready to
squirt his wits at his own shadow. - There is no surer
remedy for this superstitious and desponding weak-
ness, than first to govern ourselves by the best im-
provement of that reason which Providence has given
us for a guide; and then, when we have done our
own part, to commit all cheerfully for the rest to the
good pleasure of Heaven, with trust and resignation.
Why should I not as well comfort myself with the
hope of what may be, as torment myself with the /ear
of it? he that distrusts in God’s providence, does
effectually put himself out of His protection.


PART It] FABLES. 169























FABLE XLIV.

The Wouny Man and the Swallow.

PRODIGAL young spendthrift, who had wasted

his whole patrimony in taverns and. gaming-
houses among lewd, idle company, was taking a
melancholy walk near a brook. It was in the month
of Fanuary, and happened to be one of those warm
sunshiny days which sometimes smile upon us even
in that wintry season of the year; and to make it
the more flattering, a swallow, which had made its
appearance by mistake too soon, flew skimming
along upon the surface of the water. The giddy
youth, observing this, without any further considera-
tion, concluded that summer was now come, and that
he should have little or no occasion for clothes, so
went and pawned them at the broker’s, and ventured
the money for one stake more, among his sharping
companions, When this too was gone the same way
170 FABLES. , [PART II.



with the rest, he tock another solitary walk in the
same place as before. But the weather, being severe
and frosty, had made everything look with an aspect
very different from what it did before: the brook
was quite frozen over, and the poor swallow lay dead
upon the bank of it; the very sight of which cooled
the young spark’s brains, and coming to a kind of
sense of his misery, he reproached the deceased bird
as the author of all his misfortunes: Ah, wretch that
thou wert! says he, thou hast undone both thyself
and me, who was so credulous as to depend upon
thee.
MORALS.
Some will listen to no conviction but what they derive from
Satal experience.

a ee ee

Still blind to reason, nature, and his God,
Youth follows pleasure, ¢7/ he feels the rod
Of sad experience, then bemoans his fate,
Nor sees his folly ¢i2 it ds too late.

REFLECTION.

They who frequent taverns and gaming-houses,
and keep bad company, should not wonder if they
are reduced, in a very small time, to penury and
want. The wretched young fellows who once addict
themselves to such a scandalous kind of life, scarce
think of, or attend to, any one thing besides, They
seem to have nothing else in their heads, but how
they may squander what they have got, and where
they may get more when that is gone. They do not
make the same use of their reason that other people
PART It] LABLES. 17



do; but, like the jaundiced eye, view everything in
that false light in which their distemper and debauch-
ery represent it. The young man in the Fable gives
us a pretty example of this; he sees a swallow in
the midst of winter, and instead of being surprised at
it, as a very irregular and extraordinary thing, con-
cludes from thence that it is summer, as if he had
never thought before about the season. Well, the
result of this wise conclusion is of a piece with the
conclusion itself; if it is summer, he shall not want
so many clothes, therefore he sells them,—for what ?

For more money to squander away; as if (had his
_ observation been just) summer would have lasted all
the year round, But the true result and conclusion
of all this is: When both his money and clothes are
irrecoverably gone, he comes to his right senses, is
ready to perish with hunger, to starve with cold, aud
to tear his own flesh with remorse and vexation at
his former stupidity.


172 FABLES. [PART II.







| ) Eee iiieym|



























FABLE XLV.

The Brother anv Sister.

CERTAIN man had two children, a son and a
daughter: The boy beautiful and handsome
enough ; the girl not quite so well. They were both
very young, and happened one day to be playing
near the looking-glass, which stood on their mother’s
toilet. The boy, pleased with the novelty of the
thing, viewed himself for some time, and, in a wanton
roguish manner, took notice to the girl how hand-
some he was, She resented it, and could not bear
the insolent manner in which he did it ; for she under-
stood it (how could she do otherwise) as intended for
a direct affront to her. Therefore she ran immediately -
to her father, and, with a great deal of aggravation,
complained of her brother; particularly, for having
acted so effeminate a part as to look in a glass, and
meddle with things which belonged to women only.
PART IL] FABLES. 173



The father, embracing them both with much tender-
ness and affection, told them, that he should like to
have them both look in the glass every day; to the
intent that you, says he to the boy, if you think that
face of yours handsome, you may not disgrace and
spoil it by an ugly temper'anda foul behaviour. Vou,
says he, speaking to the girl, that you may make up
for the defects of your person, -if there be any, by the
sweetness of your manners and the agreeableness of
your conversation. ;

MORALS.

We often make a false estimate in preferring our ornamental
talents to our useful ones,

RAD? USN

ili manners may deform the fairest face,

But gentleness gives ugliness a grace:

Sure snarling Veny’s beauty less we prize,

Than Pug’s black nose with his good-natured eyes.

REFLECTION.

There is scarce anything we see in the world,
especially what belongs to and hangs about our own

person, but is capable of affording us matter for some “

serious and useful consideration. And this Fable,
notwithstanding the scene of it is laid at the very
beginning and entrance of life, yet utters a doctrine
worthy the attention of every stage and degree
thereof, from the child to the old man. Let each of
us take a glass, and view himself considerately. He
that is vain and self-conceited, will find beauties in
every feature, and his whole shape will be without

Fens ateae MaDe cece aloetet een anadee imitate ee
174 FABLES. [PART IL





fault. Let it be so; yet, if he would becomplete, he
must take care that the inward man does not detract
from and disgrace the outward; that the depravity of
his manners does not spoil his face, nor the wrongness
of his behaviour distort his hmbs; or, which is the
same thing, make his whole person odious and detest-
able to the eye of his beholders. Is any one modest
in this respect, and deficient of himself? Or has he
indeed blemishes and imperfections, which may
depreciate him in the sight of mankind? Let him
strive to improve the faculties of the mind, where
perhaps nature has not crampt him; and to excel in
the beauties of a good temper and an agreeable con-
versation, the charms of which are so much more
lasting and unalterably endearing, than those of the
other sort. They who are beautiful in person have
this peculiar advantage, that, with a moderate regard
to complaisance and good manners, they bespeak
every one’s opinion in their favour. But then, be the
outside of a man ever so rough and uncouth, if his
acquired accomplishments are but sweet and engag-.
ing, how easily do we overlook the rest, and value
him, like an oriental jewel, not by a glittering outside,
which is common to baser stones, but by his true
intrinsic worth, his bright imagination, his clear
reason, and the transparent sincerity of his honest
heart.
PART IL] FABLES. — 175



























































Fasre XLVI.

The Mice in Council.

HE Mice called a General Council; and, having
met, after the doors were locked, entered into

a free consultation about ways and means how to
render their fortunes and estates more secure from
the danger of the Cat. Many things were offered,
and much was debated, pro and coz, upon the matter.
At last a young Mouse, in a fine florid speech, con-
cluded upon an expedient, and that the only one,
which was to put them, for the future, entirely out of
the power of the enemy: and this was, that the Cat
should wear a bell about her neck, which upon the
least motion would give the alarm, and be a signal
for them to retire into their holes, This speech was
received with great applause, and it was even pro-
posed by some, that the. Mouse who made it should
176 FABLES. _ [PART IL
have the thanks of the assembly. Upon which, an
old grave Mouse, who had sat silent all the while,
stood up, and in another speech, owned that the con-
trivance was admirable, and the author of it, without
doubt, an ingenious Mouse; but, he said, he thought ©
it would not be so proper to vote him thanks, till he
should farther inform them how this bell was to be
fastened about the Cat’s neck, and what Mouse would
undertake to do it.

MORALS.

The diferent lights, in which things appear to different judg-
ments, recommend candour to the opinions of others, even at
the time we retain our own,

EE PRU

Not urged by vain ambition’s airy dreams,

Or specious wit, does wisdom form her schemes,
Poise well the scales, with due reflection scan
The means proposed, and then adopt a plan,

REFLECTION,

Many things appear feasible in speculation, which
are afterwards found to be impracticable. And
since the execution of anything is that which is to
complete and finish its very existence, what raw
counsellors are those who advise, what precipitate
politicians those who proceed, to the management of
things in their nature incapable of answering their
own expectations, or their promises to others. At the
same time, the Fable teaches us not to expose ourselves
in any of our little politic coffee-house committees,
by determining what should be done upon every
occurrence of maladministration, when we have
PART IL] FABLES. 177



neither commission nor power to execute it. He
that, upon such occasion, adjudges, as a preservative
for the state, that this or that should be applied to
the neck of those who have been enemies to it, will
appear full as ridiculous as the Mouse in the Fable,
when the question is asked, Who shall put it there?
In reality we do but expose ourselves to the hatred
of some, and the,contempt of others, when we inad-
vertently utter our impracticable speculations, in
respect of the public, either in private company or
authorised assemblies,



ABLE XLYVTI,

The Oly Man and Beath.

POOR feeble old man, who had crawled out into
a neighbouring wood to gather a few sticks, had
made up his bundle, and, laying it over his shoulders,

was trudging homeward with it; but, what with age,
M


178 FABLES. [PART II.



and the length of the way, and the weight of his bur-
den, he grow so faint and weak that he sunk under
it; and, as he sat on the ground, called upon Death
to come, once for all, and ease him of his troubles.
Death no sooner heard him, but he came and de-
manded of him what he wanted. The poor old
creature, who little thought Death had been so near,
and frightened almost out of his senses with his
terrible aspect, answered him trembling: That having
by chance let his bundle of sticks fall, and being too
infirm to get it up himself, he had made bold to call
upon him to help him; that, indeed, this was all he
wanted at present; and that he hoped his Worship
was not offended with him for the liberty he had
taken in so doing.

MORALS.

Men under calamity may seem to wish for death ; but they seldom
bid him welcome when he stares them in the face.

— HESS

“Oh with what joy would I resign my breath !”
The wretch exclaims, and prays for instant death:
The fiend approaching, he inverts his pray’r,

“ Oh grant me life, and double all my care |”

REFLECTION.

This Fable gives us a lively representation of the
general behaviour of mankind towards that grim king
of terrors, Death. Such liberties do they take with
him behind his back, that upon every little cross ac-
cident which happens in their way, Death is imme-


PART I1.] FABLES. 179



diately called upon; and they even wish it might be
lawful for them to finish by their own hands a life
so odious, so perpetually tormenting and vexatious.
When, let but Death only offer to make his appear-
ance, and the very sense of his near approach almost
does the business: Oh then, all they want is a longer
life; and they would be glad to come off so well, as
to have their old burden laid upon their shoulders
again. One may well conclude what an utter aver-
sion they, who are in youth, health, and vigour of
body, have to dying, when age, poverty, and wretch-
edness, are not sufficient to reconcile us to the
thought.


180 FABLES. [PART II.





FABLE XLVI,

The Crotr and the Wttcher.

CROW, ready to die with thirst, flew with joy
to a pitcher which he beheld at some distance.
When he came, he found water in it indeed, but so
near the bottom, that with all his stooping and strain-
ing, he was not able to reach it. Then he endeavoured
to overturn the pitcher, that so at least he might be
able to get a little of it; but his strength was not
sufficient for this. At last, seeing some pebbles lie
near the place, he cast them one by one into the
pitcher; and thus, by degrees, raised the water up to
the very brim, and satisfied his thirst.

MORALS,

What we cannot compass by force, we may by invention and
industry.
PART It] FABLES. 181



When frowning fates thy sanguine hopes defeat,
And virtuous aims with disappointment meet,
Submit not to despair, th’ attempt renew,

And rise superior ¢o the vulgar crew.

REFLECTION.

Many things which cannot be effected by strength,
or by the old vulgar way of enterprising, may yet be
brought about by some new and untried means, A
man of sagacity and penetration, upon encountering
a difficulty or two, does not immediately despair; but
if he cannot succeed one way, employs his wit and
ingenuity another; and, to avoid or get over an im-
pediment, makes no scruple of stepping out of the
path of his forefathers, Since our happiness, next to
the regulation of our minds, depends altogether upon
our having and enjoying the conveniences of life, why
should we stand upon ceremony about the methods
of obtaining them, or pay any deference to antiquity
upon that score? If almost every age had not ex-
erted itself in some new improvements of its own,
we should want a thousand arts; or, at least, many
degrees of perfection in every art, which at present
we are in possession of. The invention of anything
which is more commodious for the mind or body
than what they had before, ought to be embraced
teadily, and the projector of it distinguished with a
suitable encouragement. Such as the use of the
compass, for example, from which mankind reaps so
much benefit and advantage, and which was not
known to former ages. When we follow the steps of
those who have gone before us in the old beaten
tract of life, how do we differ from horses in a team,
182 FABLES. [PART IL



which are linked to each other by a chain of harness,
and move on in a dull, heavy pace to the tune of
their leader’s bells? But the man who enriches the
present fund of knowledge with some new and useful
improvement, like a happy adventurer at sea, dis-
covers, as it were, an unknown land, and imports an
additional trade into his own country.





















FABLE XLIX,

The For and the Grapes.

FOX, very hungry, chanced to come into a Vine-

yard, where there hung many bunches of charm-
ing ripe grapes; but nailed up to a trellis so high,
that he leaped till he quite tired himself without
being able to reach one of them. At last, Let who
will take them! says he; they are but green and
sour; so I’ even let them alone.
PART It] FABLES. 183



MORALS,

When a man finds tt impossible to obtain the things he longs
Sor, tt is a mark of sound wisdom and discretion to make a
virtue of necessity.

9

Old maids who loathe the matrimonial state,

Poor rogues who laugh to scorn the rich and great,
Patriots, who rail at placemen and at pow'r,

All, liké sly Reynard, say “The Grapes are sour.’

REFLECTION.

This Fable is a good reprimand to a parcel of vain
- coxcombs in the world, who, because they would
never be thought to be disappointed in any of their
pursuits, pretend a dislike to everything which they
cannot obtain. ‘There is a strange propensity in
mankind to this temper, and there are numbers of
grumbling malcontents in every different faculty and
sect in life. The discarded statesman, considering the
corruption of the times, would not have any hand in
the administration of affairs for all the world. The
country squire damns a court life, and would not go
cringing and creeping to a drawing-room for the best
place the King has in his disposal. A young fellow,
being asked how he liked a celebrated beauty, by
whom all the world knew he was despised, answered,
She had a stinking breath. How insufferable is the
pride of this poor creature man! who would stoop to
the basest, vilest actions, rather than be thought not
able to do anything. For what is more base and
184 FABLES. [PART Il.



vile than lying? And when do we lie more notori-
ously, than when we disparage and find fault with a
thing for no other reason but because it is out of our
power.







FaBle L,

The Viper and the File.

VIPER entering a smith’s shop, looked up and

down for something to eat, and seeing a File,

fell to gnawing it as greedily as could be. The File

told him, very gruffly, that he had best be quiet and

let him alone; for that he would get very little by

nibbling at one, who, upon occasion, could bite iron
and steel.

MORALS.

Lt’s the fate of envy to attack those characters that are suede
to its malice.
PART i1.] FABLES, 185



Witlings ! beware, nor wantonly provoke
Those who with tnt rest may repay the joke 3
Some claim our pity who fall preys to wit,
But all men triumph oer the Biter Bit.

REFLECTION,

By this Fable we are cautioned to consider what
any person is, before we make an attack upon him
after any manner whatsoever: Particularly how we
let our tongues slip in censuring the actions of those
who are, in the opinion of the world, not only of an
unquestioned reputation, so that nobody will believe
what we insinuate against them; but of such an in-
fluence, upon account of their own veracity, that the
least word from them would ruim our credit to all
intents and purposes. If wit be the case, and we
have a satirical vein, which at certain periods must
have a flow, let us be cautious at whom we level it;
for if the person’s understanding be of better proof
than our own, all our ingenious sallies, like liquor
squirted against the wind, will recoil back upon our
own faces, and make us the ridicule of every specta-
tor. This Fable, besides, is not an improper emblem
of Envy; which, rather than not bite at all, will fall
foul where it can hurt nothing but itself; and such
is its malignancy, that the greatest wits and brightest
characters in all ages have ever been the objects of
its attack. Ought we not, then, to guard against the
admission of an inmate that not only attempts to
injure the virtuous part of mankind, but also effect-
ually ruins the peace of its possessor?
186 FABLES. [PART II.





Fasre LI,
The Mountains in Labour.

HE Mountains were said to be in labour, and
uttered most dreadful groans. People came
together, far and near, to see what birth would be
produced ; and after they had waited a considerable
time in expectation, out crept a mouse.

MORALS.

To raise uncommon expectations renders an ordinary event
ridiculous.

Se aE eae

Thus the vain Alchymist, in promise bold,
Beholds projection big with MINES of GOLD :
But now, his glasses burst, he thinks him rich
To save a little oil to cure the itch.
PART 11] FABLES. 187



REFLECTION.

Great cry and little wool, is the English proverb ;
the sense of which bears an exact proportion to this
Fable. By which are exposed, all those who promise
something exceeding great, but come off with a pro-
duction ridiculously little. Projectors of all kinds,
who endeavour by artificial rumours to raise the
expectations of mankind, and then by their mean
performances defeat and disappoint them, have, time
out of mind, been lashed with the recital of this Fable.
How agreeably surprising is it to see an unpromising
favourite, whom the caprice of fortune has placed at
the helm of state, serving the commonwealth with
justice and integrity, instead of smothering and em-
bezzling the public treasure to his own private and
wicked ends! And on the contrary, how melancholy,
how dreadful! or rather, how exasperating and pro-
voking a sight is it to behold one, whose constant
declarations for liberty and the public good have raised
people’s expectations of him to the highest pitch, as
soon as he is got into power exerting his whole art
and cunning to ruin and enslave his country! The
sanguine hopes of all those that wished well to virtue,

and flattered themselves with a reformation of every-
thing that opposed the well-being of the community,
vanish away in smoke, and are lost in a dark, gloomy,
uncomfortable prospect.
188 FABLES. [PART II.



el iP
an
a mL ‘



FasLe LAT.
The Tina Frags.

NE hot sultry summer, the lakes and ponds
being almost everywhere dried up, a couple
of Frogs agreed to travel together in search of water.
At last they came to a deep well, and sitting upon
the brink of it, began to consult, whether they should
leap in or no. One of them was for it; urging, that
there was plenty of clear spring water, and no danger
of being disturbed. Well, says t’other, all this may
be true; and yet I can’t.come into your opinion for
my life: For, if the water should happen to dry up
here too, how should we get out again?

MORALS.

We ought never to change our situation in bi ie without duly
considering the consequences of such a change.
PART II] FABLES, 189



: Ox things of moment with thyself debate,
Nor, inconsiderate, change thy present state,.
Vor on the specious good lay too much stress,
Lest greater Ills incur, in shunning less,

_ REFLECTION.

The moral of this Fable is intended to put us in
mind to look before we leap. That we should not
undertake any action of importance, without consider-
ing first, what the event of it is like to prove, and
how we shall be able to come off, upon such and such
provisos. A good General does not think he dimi-
nishes anything of his character when he looks
forward, beyond the main action, and concerts mea-
sures, in case there should be occasion, for a safe
retreat. : .

How many unfortunate matches are struck up every
day for want of this wholesome consideration? Pro-
fuse living, and extravagant gaming, both which
terminate in thé ruin of those that follow them, are
mostly owing to a neglect of this precaution. Wicked
counsellors advise, and ignorant princes execute those
things, which afterwards they often dearly repent.
Wars are begun by this blind stupidity, from which
a state is not able to extricate itself with either
honour or safety ; and projects are encouraged by the
rash accession of those, who never considered how
they were to get out, till they had plunged them-
selves irrecoverably into them.
190 FABLES. [PART IL.





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Fase LITT,
The Thief any the Boy

THIEF coming to rob a certain house in the
night, was disturbed in his attempts by a fierce
vigilant dog who kept barking at him continually.
Upon which the thief, thinking to stop his mouth,
threw him a piece of bread: But the dog refused it
with indignation; telling him, that before, he only
suspected him to be a bad man; but now, upon his
offering to bribe him, he was confirmed in his
opinion; and that, as he was entrusted with the
guardianship of his master’s house, he should never
cease barking while such a rogue as he lay lurking
about it.
PART II] FABLES. IQt





MORALS,

Nothing can alter the honest purposes of the man, who despises
an insidious bribe; and whose mind ts proof against temp-
zation.

AAR

Faithful zo man, and to thy conscience just,
Spurn im who tempts thee to betray thy trust.
Az honest mind’s the choicest gift of heav’n,
ffow blest to whom th etherial spark zs given /

REFLECTION.

A man who is very free in his protestations of
friendship, or offers of great civility, upon the first —
interview may meet with applause and esteem from
fools, but contrives his schemes of that sort to little
or no purpose, in the company of men of sense.

It isa common and known maxim, to suspect an
enemy, even the more, for his endeavouring to con-
vince us of his benevolence ; because the oddness of
the thing puts us upon our guard, and makes us con-
clude, that some pernicious design must be couched
under so sudden and unexpected a turn of behaviour:
But it is no unnecessary caution to be upon the watch
against even indifferent people, when we perceive
them uncommonly forward in their approaches of
civility and kindness. The man, who at first sight
makes us an offer, which is due only to particular and
well-acquainted friends, must be either a knave, and
intends by such a bait to draw us into his net; or a
fool, with whom we ought to avoid having any com-
munication.

Thus far the consideration of this Fable may be
192 FABLES. | [PART II.



useful to us in private life; what it contains farther,
in relation to the public, is, That a man, truly honest,
will never let his mouth be stopped with a bribe ; but
the greater the offer is which is designed to buy his
silence, the louder and more constantly will he open —
against the miscreants who would practise it upon
him.



fasite LIV.

Wereules and the Carter,

S aclownish fellow was driving his Cart along a
deep miry lane, the wheels stuck so fast in the

clay, that the horses could not draw them out. Upon
this, he fell a bawling and praying to Hercules to come
and help him: Hercules looking down from a cloud,
bid him not lie there, like an idle rascal as he was,
but get up and whip his horses stoutly, and clap his
PART IL] FABLES. 193



shoulder to the wheel, adding, That this was the only
way for him to obtain his assistance.

MOorALs.
Prayers and wishes amount to nothing + We nust put forth our
own honest endeavours to obtain success on the assistance
of heaven,



Lnactive wishes are but waste of time,

And, without efforts, pray rs themselves a crime:
Vain are their hopes who mtvacles expect,

Aud ask from heaven what themselves neglect.

REFLECTION,

This Fable shews us how vain and ill-grounded the
expectations of those people are, who imagine they
can obtain whatever they want by importuning
heaven with their prayers; for it is so agreeable to
the nature of the Divine Being, to be better pleased
with virtuous actions and an honest industry, than
idle Prayers, that it is a sort of blasphemy to say
otherwise. These were the sentiments of honest good
heathens, who were strangers to all revealed religion:
But it is not strange that they should embrace and
propagate such a notion, since it is no other than the
dictate of common reason. What is both strange in
itself, and surprising how it could be made so fashion-
able, is, that most of those whose reason should be
enlightened by Revelation, are very apt to be guilty
of this stupidity, and, by praying often for the com-
forts of life, to neglect that business which is the
proper means of procuring them. How such a mis-
taken devotion came to prevail, one cannot imagine, ~

N
‘194. . \ PABLES. [part rf.



‘unless from one of these two motives; either that
people, by such a veil of hypocrisy, would pass them-
selves upon mankind for better than they really are;
or are influenced by. unskilful preachers (which is
sometimes, indeed too often, the case) to mind the
world as little as possible, even to the neglect of their
necessary callings. No question but it-is a great sin
for a man to fail in his trade or occupation, by run-
ning often to prayers: it being a demonstration in
itself, though the Scripture had never said it, that we
please God most, when we are doing the most good:
And how can we do more good, than by a sober
honest industry, 2o provide for those of our own house-
hold,and to endeavour to have to give to him that °
needetk, "The man who is virtuously and honestly
engaged, is actually serving God all the while, and is
more likely to have his silent wishes, accompanied
with strenuous endeavours, complied with by the
Supreme Being, than he who begs with a fruitless
vehemence, and solicits with an empty hand: A hand
which would be more religious were it usefully em-
ployed, and more devout, were it stretched forth to
_do good to those that want it.
PART It] \FABLES. ‘195





Fapre LV. .

The Sick Bite.

KITE had been sick a long time; and finding
there were no hopes of recovery, begged of his
mother to go to all the churches and religious houses
in the country, to try what prayers and promises
would effect in his behalf’ The old Kite replied :
Indeed, dear Son, I would willingly undertake any-
thing to save your life, but I have great reason to
despair of doing you any service in the way you pro-
pose: For, with what face can I ask anything of the
Gods in favour of one whose whole life has been a
continued scene of rapine and injustice, and who has
not scrupled upon occasion to rob the very altars
themselves?
196 FABLES. [PART IL



MORALS,

After a long life spent in acts of impiety and wickedness, we
may justly suspect the sincerity of a death-bed repentance.

Oo

Thus early sinning, and repenting late,

The dying debauchee would bribe his fate ;
Pray rs, aims, and promises he tries in vain,
Not sick of follies past, but present pain.

REFLECTION.

The rehearsal of this Fable almost unavoidably
draws our attention to that very serious and important
point, the consideration of a death-bed repentance.
And, to expose the absurdity of relying upon such a
weak foundation, we need only ask the same question
with the Kite in the Fable: How can he, that has
offended the Gods all his life-time by doing acts of
dishonour and injustice, expect that they should be
pleased with him at last, for no other reason but be-
cause he fears he shall not be able to offend them
any longer; when, in truth, such a repentance can
signify nothing, but a confirmation of his former im-
pudence and folly? For sure no stupidity can exceed
that of the man who expects a future judgment, and
yet can bear to commit any piece of injustice, with a
sense and deliberation of the fact.
PART I1.] FABLES, 197





FasLe LVI,

The Tho Pots.

N earthen pot and one of brass, standing to-
gether upon the river's brink, were both carried
away by the flowing in of the tide. The earthen pot
showed some uneasiness, as fearing he should be
broken ; but his companion of brass bid him be under
‘no apprehensions, for that he would take care of him.
Oh! replies the other, keep as far off as ever you can,
I entreat you; it is you I am most afraid of: For,
whether the stream dashes you against me, or me
against you, I am sure to be the sufferer; and there-
fore, I beg of you, do not let us come near one
another,

MORALS.

Reciprocal pleasure and advantage ts the only rational
foundation for real friendship.

*
198 _FABLES. [PART IL.



Born to the comforts of an humble state,

Ely their embrace, of courted by the great,
Happy to learn, how tll you can afford

The vast expense of how-d’yes from my lord.

REFLECTION.

A man of a moderate fortune, who is contented
with what he has, and finds he can live happily upon
it, should take care not to hazard and expose his
felicity by consorting with the great and the powerful.
People of equal conditions may float down the cur-
rent of life without hurting each other; but it is a
point of some difficulty to steer one’s course in the
company of the great, so as to escape without a -
bulge. One would not choose to have one’s little
country-box situated in the neighbourhood of a very
great man; for whether I ignorantly trespass upon
him, or he knowingly encroaches upon me, I only am
like to be the sufferer. I can neither entertain nor
play with him upon his own terms; for that which is
moderation and diversion to him, in me would be
extravagance and ruin.


























PART IL] FABLES, 199:

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Fasre LVI, |
The Sparrows and the Ware.

HARE, being seized by. an Eagle, squeaked out

in a most woful manner. A Sparrow that sat

upon a tree just by and saw it, could not forbear
being unseasonably witty, but called out, and said to
the Hare: So ho! what!’ sit there and be ‘killed ?
Pr’ythee, up and away; I-dare say, if you would but
try, so swift a creature as you are would easily escape
from the Eagle. As he was going on with his cruel
raillery, down came a Hawk, and snapt him up; and,
notwithstanding his vain cries and lamentations, fell
a devouring of him in an.instant. The Hare, who
was just expiring, yet received comfort from this
accident, even in the agonies of death; and, address-
ing her last words to the Sparrow, said: You, who
just now insulted my misfortune with so much secur-
200 FABLES. [PART II.



ity, as you thought, may please to shew us how well
you can bear the like, now it has befallen you.

MORALS.

The mutability of human affairs ts such, that no situation, how-
ever seemingly advantageous, ought to make us jest with
the misfortunes of others.

PO OE

Tradesman, insult not, if a neighbour fail,
Lest, by and by, yourself should go to jail ;
Nor, if a damsel slib, Prude, shake your head,
Lest you yourself next month be brought to bed,

REFLECTION,

Nothing is more impertinent than for people to be
giving their opinion and advice in cases in which,
were they to be their own, themselves would be as
much at a loss what to do. But so great an itch
have most men to be directors in the affairs of others,
either to shew the superiority of their understanding,
or their own security and exemption from the ills
they would have removed, that they forwardly and
conceitedly obtrude their counsel, even at the hazard
of their own safety and reputation. There have been
instances of those who, either officiously or for the
jest’s sake, have spent much of their time in reading
lectures of economy to the rest of the world, when at
the same time their own ill husbandry has been such,
that they were forced to quit their dwelling and take
lodgings, while their goods were sold to make a
composition for the debts which uy owed to PEHY,
tradesmen, :
PART IL] FABLES. 201



Without giving more examples of this kind, of
which every one may furnish himself with enough
from his own observation, we cannot but conclude
that none are greater objects of ridicule than they
who thus merrily assume a character which, at the
same time, by some incidents of their life, they con-
vince us of their being so unfit for,

ye







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fasrk LVI,
The Cat and the For.

S the Cat and the Fox were talking politics
together, on a time, in the middle of the forest,
Reynard said, Let things turn out ever so bad; he did
not care, for he had a thousand tricks for them yet
before they should hurt him. But pray, says he,
Mrs Puss, suppose there should be an invasion, what
course-do you design to take? Nay, says the Cat,
202 FABLES. [PART 1.



T have but one’ shift for it; and if that won’t do, Tam
undone. I am sorry for you, replies Reynard, with
all my heart, and would gladly furnish you with one
or two of mine, but indeed, neighbour, as times go, it
is not good to trust ; we must even be every one for
himself, as the saying is, and so your humble servant.
These words were scarce out of his mouth, when they
were alarmed with a pack of hounds that came upon
them full cry. The Cat, by the help of her single
shift, ran up a tree, and sat securely among the top
branches ; from whence she beheld Reyward, who had
not been able to get out of sight, overtaken with his
thousand tricks, and torn in as many pieces by the .
dogs which had surrounded him.

MORALS.

Successful cunning often makes an ostentatious pretension to
wisdom.

The sly politician may boast of hes arts,
flow his budget ts full, and by cunning he’s Zee
But the wise and the wary, less proud of his parts,
With a single expedient ts better provided,

REFLECTION,

A man that sets up for more cunning than the rest
of his neighbours, is generally a silly fellow at the
bottom. Whoever is master of a little judgment and
insight into things, let him keep them to himself and
make use of them as he sees occasion ;. but he should,
PART IL] FABLES. | 203



not be teasing others with an idle and impertinent
ostentation of them. One good discreet expedient
made use of upon an emergency, will do a man more
real service, and make others think better of him,
than to have passed all along for a shrewd, crafty
knave, and be bubbled at last. When any one has
been such a coxcomb as to insult his acquaintance,
by pretending to more policy and stratagem than the
rest of mankind, they are apt to wish for some diffi-
culty for him to shew his skill in; where, if he should
miscarry (as ten to one but he does), his misfortune,
instead of pity, is sure to be attended with laughter,
He that sets up for a biter, as the phrase is, being
generally intent upon his prey, or vain of shewing his
art, frequently exposes himself to, the traps of one
sharper than himself, and incurs the ridicule of those
whom he designed to make ridiculous.


204 FABLES. [PART II.





Faslte LIX.

The Oly Bound.

N old Hound, who had been an excellent good

one in his time, and given his master great

sport and satisfaction in many a chase, at last, by
the effect of years, became feeble and unserviceable.
However, being in the field one day, when the Stag

was almost run down, he happened to be the first _

that came in with him, and seized him by one of his
haunches; but, his decayed and broken teeth not
being able to keep their hold, the Deer escaped, and
threw him quite out. Upon which, his master, being
in a great passion, was going to strike him, when the
honest old creature is said to have barked out his
apology: Ah! do not strike your poor old servant ;
it is not my heart and inclination, but my strength
and speed that fail me. If what I now am displeases,
pray don’t forget what I have been.
PART It.] FABLES. 205



MOoRALS.

Useful services, performed tn youth, ought not to be cancelled
by old age and infirmities.

Oh let not those whom honest servants bless,
With cruel hand their age infirm oppress ;

forget thetr service past, their former truth,
And all the cares and labours of their youth,

REFLECTION,

This Fable may serve to give us a general view
of the ingratitude of the greatest part of mankind.
Notwithstanding all the civility and complaisance
that is used among people where there is a common
intercourse of business, yet, let the main spring, the
probability of their being serviceable to each other,
either in point of pleasure or profit, be but once
broken, and farewell courtesy. So far from con-
tinuing any regard in behalf of past favours, that it is
very well if they forbear doing anything that fs in-
jurious,. If the master had only ceased to caress and
make much of the old Hound when he was past
doing any service, it had not been very strange ; but
to treat a poor creature ill, not for a failure of inclina-
tion, but merely a defect of nature, must, notwith-
standing the crowd of examples there are to counte-
nance it, be pronounced inhuman and unreasonable.

There are two accounts upon which people that
have been useful are frequently neglected. One,
when they are. so decayed, either through age or
some accident, that they are no longer equal to the
services they have formerly done; the other, when
‘206 FABLES. [PART II.



the occasion or emergency which required such talents
no longer exists. PAedrus, who more than once
‘complains of the bad consequences of age, makes no
other application to this Fable, than by telling his
friend PAzletus, with some regret, that he wrote it
with such a view; having, it seems, been repaid with
neglect, or worse usage, for services done in his youth
to those who were then able to afford him a better
recompense.









FABLE LX,
Tuo Woung fen and the Cook.

TWO young men went into a cook’s shop, under
pretence of buying meat; and while the cook’s

-back was turned, one of them snatched up a piece of
‘beef, and gave it to his companion, who presently
clapt it under his cloak. The cook turning about
again, and missing his beef, began to charge them
PART IL] FABLES. 207



-with it; upon which, he that first took it swore -

‘bitterly he had none of it. He that had it swore as
‘heartily, that he had taken up none of his meat. Why
‘look ye, gentlemen, says the cook, I see your equivo-
cation; and though I can’t tell which of you has
taken my meat, I am sure, between you both, there’s
a thief, and a couple of rascals,

MORALS,
Evading the truth is just as blameable.as denying it.

2 -GL9OY IN

Thus quibbling thieves evade the charge,
Offend the laws, and go at large:

But though tis hard the crime to fix,
We know they’re guilty by their tricks.

REFLECTION.

An honest man’s word is as good as his oath; and
so is a rogue’s too; for he that will cheat and lie,
why should he scruple to forswear himself? Is the
latter more criminal than either of the former? An
honest man needs no oath to oblige him; and a rogue
only deceives you the more certainly by it, because
you think you have tied him up, and he is sure you
have not. In truth, it is not easy, with the eye of
reason, to discern, that there is any good in swearing
at all. We need not scruple to take an honest man’s
- bare asseveration; and we shall do wrong if we believe
a rogue, though he swears by the most solemn oaths
that can be invented.

There are, besides, a sort of people who are rogues,
and yet don’t know that they are such; who, when
they have taken an oath, make a scruple of breaking
208 FABLES. [PART IL



it, but rack their invention to evade it by some
equivocation or other; by which, if they. can but
satisfy their acquaintance, and serve their own scheme
they think all is well, and never once consider the
black and heinous guilt which must attend such a
_ behaviour. They solemnly call the supreme Being
to witness; to what? to a sham, an evasion, a lie.
Thus these unthinking, prevaricating wretches, at the
same time that they believe there is a God, act as if -
there were none; or, which is worse, dare affront him
inthe highest degree. They who by swearing would
clear themselves of a crime, of which they are really
guilty, need not be at much pains about wording their
oath ; for, express themselves how they will, they are
sure to be forsworn.


PART II] FABLES. 209







Fasre LX,
The Bog and the Sheep.

aoa Dog sued the Sheep for a debt, of which

the Kite and the Wolf were to be judges.
They, without debating long upon the matter, or
making any scruple for want of evidence, gave sen-
tence for the plaintiff ; who immediately tore the poor
Sheep in pieces, and divided the spoil with the unjust
judges.

MORALS,
We cannot reasonably hope for justice in a. court, where the
judges are interested tn the deciston.

4-1-2

Whose life is safe, of tried before a judge,
‘That to the hapless prisner bears a grudge ?
Whose property securd from lawless fury,
Lf any private intrest warps the jury 2?
210 FABLES. [PART IL



REFLECTION.

Deplorable are the times, when open bare-faced
villany is protected and encouraged, when innocence
is obnoxious, honesty contemptible, and it is reckoned
criminal to espouse the cause of virtue. Men origin-
ally entered into coveriants and simple compacts
with each other for the promotion of their happiness
and well-being, for the establishment of justice and
public peace. How comes it then that they look
stupidly on, and tamely acquiesce, when wicked men
pervert this end, and establish an arbitrary tyranny
of their own upon the foundation of fraud and op-
pression? Among beasts, who are incapable of being .
civilised by social laws, it is no strange thing to see
innocent helpless sheep fall a prey to dogs, wolves,
and kites :. But it is amazing how mankind could ever
sink down to such a low degree of base cowardice,
as to suffer some of the worst of their species to usurp
a power over them, to supersede the righteous laws of
good government, and to exercise all kinds of injus-
tice and ‘hardship in gratifying their own vicious lusts,
Wherever such enormities are practised, it is when a
few rapacious statesmen combine together, to get and
secure the power in their own hands, and agree to
divide the spoils among themselves. For as long as
the cause is to be tried only among themselves, no
question but they will always vouch for each other.
But, at the same time, it is hard to determine which
resemble brutes most, they in acting, or the people
in suffering them to act their vile selfish schemes,
PART IE] FABLES. 211







FasLeE LX,

The Proud Frog?

N Ox, grazing in a meadow, chanced to set his
foot among a parcel of young frogs, and trod >
one of them to death. The rest informed their
mother, when she came home, what had happened;
telling her, that the beast which did it was the hugest
creature that ever they saw in their lives, What,
was it so big? says the old Frog, swelling and blow-
ing up her speckled belly to a great degree. Oh,
bigger by a vast deal, say they. And so big? says
she, straining herself yet more. Indeed, Mamma,
say they, if you were to burst yourself, you would
never be so big. She strove yet again, and burst
herself indeed.

MORALS.

The silly ambition of vying with our superiors, in station and
JSortune, ts the direct road to ruin,
212 FABLES. [PART IL



Ve cits! of narrow means and small estate,

View not with enuy the luxurious great :

Think that from riot bankruptcies will come,
And mark your prudent neighbour worth a plum.

REFLECTION.

Whenever a man endeavours to live equal with
one of a greater fortune than himself, he is sure to
share a like fate with the Frog in the Fable. How
many vain people of moderate easy circumstances
burst and come to nothing, by vying with those
whose estates are more ample than their own! Sir
Changeling Plumbstock was possessed of a very con-
siderable demesne, devolved to him by the death of
an old uncle of the city, who had adopted him his.
heir. He had a false taste of happiness; and, with-
out the least economy, trusting to the sufficiency of
his vast revenue, was resolved to be outdone by no-
body, in shewish grandeur and expensive living. He
gave five thousand pounds for a piece of ground in
the country, to set a house upon, the building and
furniture of which cost fifty thousand more; and his
gardens were proportionably magnificent. Besides
which, he thought himself under a necessity of buy-
ing out two or three tenements which stood in his
neighbourhood, that he might have elbow room
enough. All this he could very well bear; and still
might have been happy, had it not been for an un-
fortunate view which he one day happened to take
of my Lord Casétlebuzlder’s gardens, which consist of
twenty acres, whereas his own were not above twelve.
For from that time he grew pensive ; and before the
ensuing winter, gave five and thirty years’ purchase
PART I1.] FABLES. 213



for a dozen acres more to enlarge his gardens, built
a couple of exorbitant greenhouses and a large
pavilion at the farther end of a terrace walk, the bare
repairs and superintendencies of all which call for
the remaining part df his income. He is mortgaged
pretty deep, and pays nobody; but, being a privi-
leged person, resides altogether at a private cheap
lodging in the city of Westminster.


214 FABLES. [PART I.







LABLE LXITII.
The Dobe and the Bee,

HE Bee, compelled by thirst, went to drink ina
clear purling rivulet ; but the current, with its
circling eddy, snatched her away, and carried her
down the stream. A Dove, pitying her distressed
condition, cropt a branch from a neighbouring tree,
and let it fall into the water, by means of which the
Bee saved herself, and got ashore. Not long after,
a Fowler, having a design upon the Dove, planted
his nets and all his-little artillery in due order, with-
out the Bird’s observing what he was about; which
the Bee perceiving, just as he was going to put his
design in execution she bit. him by the heel, and
made him give so sudden a start, that the Dove took °
the alarm, and flew away,
PART I1.] FABLES. 215



MORALS.

Charity will have its rewards one time or other ; Sor certain
in the promised recompense hereafter, Ponaps in @ grate-
Sul return here,

2 +3

flail gratitude! the spark whence virtue springs,
And adoration to the King of kings;

The greatest bliss the feeling bosom knows,

The source whence every gen’rous action flows.

REFLECTION.

One good turn deserves another; and gratitude is
excited by so noble and natural a spirit, that he
ought to be looked upon as the vilest of creatures,
who has no sense of it. It is, indeed, so very just
and equitable a thing, and so much every man’s duty,
that to speak of it properly one should not mention
it as anything meritorious, or that may claim praise
and admiration, any more than we should say a man
ought to be rewarded or commended for not killing
his father, or forbearing to set fire to his neighbour's
house. The bright and shining piece of morality,
therefore, which is recommended to us in this Fable,
is set forth in this example of the Dove, who, without
any obligation or expectation, does a voluntary office
of charity to its fellow-creature in distress. The con-
stant uninterrupted practice of this virtue is the only
thing in which we are capable of imitating the great
Author of our being, whose Beloved Son, besides the
many precepts He has given to enforce this duty,
used this expression as a common saying, Jt ts more
blessed to give than to receive.
216 FABLES, [PART IL













FAasLe LXTIV,

Ohe Collier and the Fuller,

HE Collier and the Fuller, being old acquaint-
ance, happened upon a time to meet together ;
and the latter, being but ill provided with a habita-
tion, was invited by the former to come and live in
the same house with him. I thank you, my dear
friend, replies the Fuller, for your kind offer, but it
cannot be; for if I were to. dwell with you, what-
ever I should take pains to scour and make clean
in the morning, the dust of you and your coals would
blacken and defile, as bad as ever, before night.

MORALS.

We commonly imbibe the principles and manners of those with
whom we associate.
PART IL] FABLES. 217



With vice allied, however pure,

No virtue can be long secure:

Shun then the traitress and her wiles,’
Whateer she touches she defiles.

REFLECTION.

It. is of no small importance in life, to be cautious
what company we keep, and with whom we enter into
friendships. For though we are ever so well disposed
ourselves, and happen to be ever so free from vice
and debauchery, yet, if. those with whom we fre-
quently converse are engaged in a lewd, wicked
course, it will be almost impossible for us to escape
being drawn in with them.

If we are truly wise, and would shun those siren
rocks of pleasure upon which so many have split
before us, we should forbid ourselves all manner of
commerce and correspondence with those who are
steering a course which, reason tells us, is not only
not for our advantage, but must end in our destruc-
tion.

All the virtue we can boast of will not be sufficient
to ensure us, if we embark in bad company. For
though our philosophy were such, as that we could
preserve ourselves from being tainted and infected
with their manners, yet their character would twist
and entwine itself along with ours in so intricate a
fold, that the world would not take the trouble to
unravel and separate them. Reputations are of a
subtle insinuating texture like water; that which is
derived from the clearest spring, if it chances to mix
with a foul current, runs on, undistinguished, in one
muddy stream for the future, and must for ever par-
take of the colour and condition of its associate.
218 5 FABLES. [PART II.





Faslte LXV.

The Bou and his Mother.

LITTLE Boy, who went to school, stole one of

his school-fellow’s horn-books, and brought it
home to his mother ; who was so far from correcting
and discouraging him upon account of the theft, that
she commended and gave him an apple for his pains.
In process of time, as the child grew up to be a man,
he accustomed himself to greater robberies ; and at
last, being apprehended and committed to gaol, he
was tried and condemned fora felony. On the day
of his execution, as the officers were conducting him
to the gallows, he was attended by a-vast crowd of
people, and among the rest by his mother, who came
sighing and sobbing along, and deploring extremely
her son’s unhappy fate ; which the criminal observing;
PART II] FABLES, 219,



he called to the sheriff, and begged the favour of him,
' that he would give him leave to speak a word or two
to his poor afflicted mother. The sheriff (as who
would deny a dying man so reasonable a request)
gave him permission ; and the felon, while every one
thought he was whispering something of importance
to his mother, bit off her ear, to the great offence and
surprise of the whole assembly. What, say they, was
not this villain contented with the impious acts which
he has already committed, but he must increase the
number of them, by doing this violence to his mother?
Good people, replied he, I would not have you be
under a mistake; that wicked woman deserves this,
- and even worse at my hands; for if she had chastised
and chid, instead of | rewarding and caressing me,
when in my infancy I stole the horn-book from the
school, I had not come to this ignominious untimely
end. :
. MORALS.

Youthful minds, like the pliant wax, are susceptible of the most
lasting impressions, and the good or evil bias they then
recetue ts seldom or ever eradicated,

—_ 2-4-3 <—

Fathers and mothers ! train your children’s youth
Lo virtue, honour, honesty, and tritth ;

Dreadful t to bring about your child's damnation,
And give your sons a Tyburn education.

REFLECTION.
Notwithstanding the great innate depravity of man-
. kind, one need not scruple to affirm, that most of the
220 FABLES. [PART II.



wickedness, which is so frequent and so pernicious in
the world, arises from a bad education; and that the
child is obliged either to the example or connivance
of its parents, for most of the vicious habits which it
wears through the course of its future life. The mind
of one that is young is, like wax, soft and capable of
any impression which is given it; but it is hardened
by time, and the first signature grows so firm and
durable, that scarce any pains or application can
erase it. Itis a mistaken notion in people, when they
imagine that there is no occasion for regulating or
restraining the actions of very young children, which
though allowed to be sometimes very naughty in those
of a more advanced age, are in them, they suppose,
altogether innocent and inoffensive. But, however
innocent they may be, as to their intention then, yet,
as the practice may grow upon them unobserved, and
root itself into a habit, they ought to be checked and
discountenanced in their first efforts towards anything
that is injurious or dishonest; that the love of virtue
and the abhorrence of wrong and oppression may
be let into their minds, at the same time that they
receive the very first dawn of understanding, and
glimmering of reason. Whatever guilt arises from
the actions of one whose education has been defi-
cient as to this point, no question but a just share of
it will be laid, by the great Judge of the world, to the
charge of those who were, or should have been, his
instructors,
PART I1.] FABLES. 221





F4sLe LXV.

The Wanton Call.

A CALF, full of play and wantonness, seeing the
Ox at plough, could not forbear insulting him.

What a sorry poor drudge art thou, says he, to bear
that heavy yoke upon your neck, and go all day
drawing a plough at your tail, to turn up the ground
for your master! But you are a wretched dull slave,
and know no better, or else you would not do it. See
what a happy life I lead; I go just.where I please;
sometimes I lie down under the cool shade; some-
times frisk about in the open sunshine; and, when I
please, slake my thirst in the clear sweet brook: But
you, if you were to perish, have not so much as a
little dirty water to refresh you. The Ox, not at all
222 FABLES. [PART IL.

°



moved with what he said, went quietly and calmly
on with his work: and, in the evening, was unyoked
and turned loose. Soon after which he saw the Calf
taken out of the field, and delivered into the hands
of a priest, who immediately led him to the altar, and
prepared to sacrifice him. His head was hung round
with fillets of flowers, and the fatal knife was just
going to be applied to his throat, when the Ox drew
near and whispered him to this purpose: Behold the
end of your insolence and arrogance; it was for this
only you were suffered to live at all; and pray now,
friend, whose condition is best, yours or mine?

MORALS.

To insult people in distress ts the property of a cruel, indiscreet,
and giddy temper ; for on the next turn of fortunes wheel,
we may be thrown down to thetr condition, and they exalted
to ours.



Thus oft the industrious poor endures reproach
From rogues tn lace, and sharpers in a coach ;
But soon to Tyburn sees the villains led,
While he sttll earns tn peace his datly bread.

REFLECTION.

We may learn by this Fable the consequence of
an idle life, and how well satisfied laborious, diligent
men are, in the end, when they come quietly to enjoy
the fruits of their industry. They who, by little
tricks and sharpings, or by open violence and robbery,
live in a high extensive way, often, in their hearts at
PART I] FABLES. 223



least, despise the poor honest man, who is contented
with the virtuous product of his daily labour, and
patiently submits to his destiny. But how often is
the poor man comforted, by seeing these wanton
villains led in triumph to the altar of justice, while
he has many a cheerful summer’s morning to enjoy
abroad, and many a long winter's evening to indulge
himself in at home, by a quiet hearth, and under an
unenvied roof: Blessings, which often attend a sober,
industrious man, though the idle and the profligate
are utter strangers to them,

Luxury and intemperance, besides their being cer-
tain to shorten a man’s days, are very apt not only
to engage people with their seeming charms into a
debauched life, utterly prejudicial.to their health, but
to make them have a contempt for others, whose good
sense and true taste of happiness inspire them with
an aversion to idleness and effeminacy, and put them
upon hardening their constitution by innocent exer-
cise and laudable employment. How many do glut-
tony and sloth tumble into an untimely grave! while
the temperate and the active drink sober draughts of
life, and spin out their thread to the most desirable

length.
224 FABLES. [PART IL





FaBLe LX VIT,

Supiter and the Werdsman.

HERDSMAN, missing a young heifer that
belonged to his herd, went up and down the
forest to seek it. And having walked a great deal of
ground to no purpose, he fell a praying to Fupiter for
relief; promising to sacrifice a Kid to him, if he would
help him to a discovery of the thief After this, he
went on a little farther, and came near a grove of
oaks, where he found the carcase of his heifer, and a
lion grumbling over it, and feeding upon it. This
sight almost scared him out of his wits; so down he
fell upon his knees once more, and addressing himself
to Fupiter; O Fupiter! says he, I promised thee a
Kid to show me the thief, but now I promise thee a
bull, if thou wilt be so mereuut as to deliver me out
of his clutches.
PART IL] FABLES. 225°



MorRaALs.

We ought never to supplicate the Divine power, but through
motives of religion and virtue; prayers, dictated by passion
ov interest, are unacceptable to the Deity.

ER
Short-sighted wretch ! endure thy care,
Nor heave th’ tmpatient sigh:

fleav'n hears thee, but perhaps thy prayr
Tis mercy to deny.

REFLECTION.

How ignorant and stupid are some people, who
form their notions of the Supreme: Being from their
own poor shallow conceptions; and then, like fro-
ward children with their nurses, think it consistent
with infinite: wisdom and: unerring justice to comply
with all their whimsical petitions, Let men but live
as justly as they can, and just Providence will give
them what they ought to have. Ofall the involuntary
sins which men commit, scarce any are more frequent,
than that of their praying absurdly and improperly, as
well as unseasonably, when their time might have
been employed so much better. The many private
collections, sold up and down the nation, do not a
little contribute to this injudicious practice: Which
is the more to be condemned, in that we .have so in--
comparable a public liturgy; one single address
whereof (except the Lord’s Prayer) may be pro-
nounced to be the best that ever was compiled; and ©
alone preferable to all the various manuals of
occasional devotion, which are vended by hawkers
and pedlars about our streets. It is as follows :—

Almighty God, the fountain of all. wisdom, who
P
226. FABLES. [PART II.



knowest our necessities before we ask, and our ignorance
in asking ; we beseech thee to have compassion upon our
infirmities ; and those things, which for our unworthi-
ness we dare not,and for our blindness we cannot.ask,
vouchsafe to give us, for the worthiness of thy Son
Jesus Christ our Lord,



Faste LXVITI,

There’s na To-morrow.

‘A: MAN, who had lived a very profligate life, at

length being awakened by the lively repre-
sentations of a sober friend on the apprehensions of
a feverish indisposition, promised that he would
heartily set about his reformation, and that To-
morrow he would seriously begin. it. But the:
symptoms going off, and that To-morrow coming, he’
still: put it off till the next, and so he went on from
one To-morrow. to another ; but still he continued his
PART IL] FABLES, — 227



reprobate life. This his friend observing, said to him,
I am very much concerned to find how little effect my
disinterested advice has upon you: But, my friend, let
me tell you, that since your To-morrow never comes,
nor do you seem to intend it shall, I will believe you
no more, except you set about your repentance and
amendment this very moment: for, to say nothing of
your repeated broken promises, you must consider,
that the time that is past is no more; that To-morrow
is zot OURS; and the present NOW is all we have to
boast off.

MORALS,

That compunction of heart cannot be sincere, which takes not
immediate effect, and can be put off tél To-morrow. The
Sriend’s closing observation in the Fable is so good a moral,
that we need add nothing to tt.



Eager to mend, and brookless of delay, ©
Sincere repentance waits no future day ;

The present moment only is allow’d ;
Uncertain hopes and fears to-morrow shroud.

REFLECTION.

Whoever considers this emblem, will find it to be
his own case ; we promise, and we put off, and we sin,
and go on sinning: but still, as our conscience checks
us for it, we take up faint purposes, and half resolu-
tions, to do so no more, and to lead a new life for the
future. Thus, with the young fellow here, we indulge
ourselves in our pleasures from time to time; and
when we have trifled away our lives, day after day,
from one To-morrow to another, that same To-morrow
228 | FABLES. [PART IL

never comes, Thisisthe sluggard’s plea and practice;
the libertine’s, the miser’s; and in short, whose is it
not? Now, if we would but consider the vanity and
vexation of a lewd course of life; the impiety first of
entering into vows, which we intend beforehand not
to perform, and afterward of breaking them; the
folly and the presumption of undertaking anything
that is wholly out of our power; the necessity of
improving every moment of our lives; the desperate
and the irreparable hazard of loosing opportunities ;
we should not venture body and soul upon the
necessity of a procrastinated repentance, and post-
pone the most certain duties of a man, and of a
Christian; for there is no To-morrow, nor anything,
in truth, but the present instant, that we can call our
own.





seg yf

> ED? <> CD «ED Be <€Bs


WANN
i



Parr III.
FABLES, zz Verse.



FABLE I,

Che Cuckoo Traveller.

CUCKOO once, as Cuckoos use,
Who’d been upon a winter’s cruise,

Return’d with the returning spring—
Some hundred brothers of the wing,’
Curious to hear from foreign realms,
Got round him in a tuft of elms,
He shook his pinions, struck his beak,
Attempted twice or thrice to speak ;

os os FG SPS
230

FABLES. [PART III.



At length, up-rising on his stand,

“Old England! Well, the land’s a land!
But rat me, gentlemen,” says he,

“We passage-fowl that cross the sea
Have vast advantages o’er you;
Whose native woods are all you view,
The season past, I took a jaunt
Among the isles of the Levant;
Where, by the way, I stuff’d my guts
With almonds and pistachio nuts.
’Twas then my whim some weeks to be
In that choice garden, Italy:

But, underneath the sky’s expanse,
No climate like the south of France!
You ’ve often heard, I dare to swear,
How plenty ortolans are there ;

’Tis true, and more delicious meat,
Upon my honour, I ne’er eat;

The eggs are good; it was ill luck
What day I had not ten to suck;
Yet notwithstanding, to my gotd,
The bird’s the sweeter of the two.”

He went on, talking pert and loud,
When an old Raven, ’mongst the crowd,
Stopp’d short his insolent career—
“Why, what a monstrous bustle’s here!
You travell’d, sir! I speak to you,
Who’ve passed so many countries thro’;
Say, to what purpose is’t you roam,
And what improvements bring you home?
Has Italy, on which you doat,

Supply’d you with another note?
PART Ill] FABLES. 231



Or France, which you extol so high,
Taught you with better grace to fly?

I cannot see that both together

Have alter’d you a single feather :

Then tell not us of where you’ve been, °
Of what you’ve done, or what you’ve seen;
While you and all your rambling pack
Cuckoos go out, Cuckoos come back.”





Ui

Fanue fl,
Che Ant and the Grasshopper.

- “TWAS that bleak season of the year;
In which no smiles, no charms appéar ;
Bare were the trees; the rivers froze ;
The hills and mountains capt with snows ;
When, lodging scarce and victuals scant, —
A Grasshopper address’d an Ant:.-
232

FABLES. [PART Ir.



And, in a supplicating tone,
Begg’d he would make her case his own,

“Tt was, indeed, a bitter task
To those who were unused to ask ;
Yet she was forc’d the truth to say,
She had not broke her fast that day;
His worship, tho’, with plenty bless’d,
Knew how to pity the distress’d ;
A grain of corn to her was gold,
And Heav'n would yield him fifty-fold.”

The Ant beheld her wretched plight,
Nor seem’d unfeeling at the sight; .
Yet, still inquisitive to know
How she became reduc’d so low,
Asked her—we’ll e’en suppose in rhyme—
What she did all the summer time?

“In summer time, good sir,” said she,
“Ah! these were merry months with me!
TI thought of nothing but delight,

And sung, Lord, help me! day and night :
Through yonder meadows did you pass,
You must have heard me in the grass.”

“Ah!” cryd the Ant, and knit his brow—
* But ’tis enough I hear you now;
And, Madam Songstress, to be plain,
You seek my charity in vain:

- What, shall th’ industrious yield his due

To thriftless vagabonds like you !
PART IIL] FABLES, 233



Some corn I have, but none to spare,
Next summer learn to take more care;
And in your frolic moods, remember,
July is followd by December.”

x

I
ii

ine





FaABle If,
The Wolf and the Bog.

PROWLING Wolf, that scour’d the plains,
To ease his hunger’s griping pains,
Ragged as courtier in disgrace,
Hide-bound, and lean, and out of case,
‘w,By chance a well-fed Dog espy’d,
And being kin, and near ally’d,
He civilly salutes the cur:
“How do you, Cuz? Your servant, sir,
O happy friend! how gay thy mien!
How plump thy sides, how sleek thy skin!
234

FABLES, [PART Ill.



Triumphant plenty shines all o’er,

And -the fat melts at ev’ry pore !

While I, alas! decay’d and old,

With hunger pin’d, and stiff with cold,

With many a howl and hideous groan,

Tell the relentless woods my moan.

Prythee (my happy friend !) impart

Thy wondrous, cunning, thriving art.”

“Why, faith, I'll tell thee as a friend,

But first thy surly manners mend ;

‘Be complaisant, obliging, kind,

And leave the Wolf for once behind.”
. The Wolf, whose mouth began to water,

With j joy and rapture gallop’d after,

When thus the Dog: “At bed and board,

I share the plenty of my lord;

From ev'ry guest I claim a fe

Who court my lord by bribing me.

In mirth I revel all the day,

And many a game at romps I play:

I fetch and carry, leap.o’er sticks,

With twenty such diverting tricks.”

“Tis pretty, faith,” the Wolf reply’d,

. And on his neck the collar spy’d:

He starts, and without more ado,

He bids the abject wretch adieu :

“Enjoy your dainties, friend; to me _

The noblest-feast is liberty :

The famish’d Wolf, upon these desert plains,
Is happier than’a fawning cur in chains,” -
PART HL] PABLES. 235



LAS
tl sa

wie
a LH aT

Hey . f fils !
a Ne oa il



Faste LV.,
The Nightingale.

OW few with patience can endure
The evils they themselves procure,
A: Nightingale, with snares beset,
At last was taken in a net:
When first she found her wings span d,
She beat and flutter’d in the wind,
Still thinking she could fly away ;
Still hoping to regain the spray:
“But, finding there was no retreat,
Her little heart with anger beat ;
Nor did it aught abate her rage ;
To be transmitted to a cage.
The wire apartment, tho’ commodious,
To her appear’d excessive odious ;
And though it furnish’d drink and meat,
She car’d not, for she could not eat ;
FABLES. [PART III.



*Twas not supplying her with food ;
She lik’d to gather it from the wood:
And water clear, her thirst to slake,
She chose to sip from the cool lake:
And, when she sung herself to rest,
*T was in what hedge she lik’d the best:
And thus, because she was not free,
Hating the chain of slavery,
She rather added link to link:
—Just so men reach misfortune’s brink.
At length, revolving on her state,
She cries, “I might have met worse fate,
Been seiz’d by kites or prowling cat,
Or stifled in a school boy’s hat;
Or been the first unlucky mark,
Sure hit by some fantastic spark.”
Then conscience told her, want of care
Had made her fall into the snare ;
That men were free their nets to throw ;
And birds were free to come or go:
And all the evils she lamented,
By caution might have been prevented.
So, on her perch more pleas’d she stood,
And peck’d the kindly offer’d food ;
Resolv’d, with patience, to endure
Ills she had brought, but could not cure.
PART II. ] FABLES.



AHI
seal
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Ny







FABLE V.
The Twa Fores,

To execute a bloody deed,

And make the farmer’s poultry bleed,
Thus, as their rage was very hot,
Cocks, hens, and chickens went to pot.

The one (the slaughter being o’er)
Young, and a perfect epicure,
Propos’d on all the spoil to sup,
And at one meal to eat it up.
The other old, at heart a miser,
Refus'd his scheme, and thought it wiser
To lay aside some of the prey, ,
And so provide for a bad day.

“Listen, my child,” says he, “to age;
Experience has made me sage:

WO hungry Foxes once agreed ;
238

FABLES. [PART IL.



I know the various turns of fate:
How changeable is every state! |

A mighty treasure we have found; )
Success has all our wishes crown’d;
See! the vast havoc all around! s

Oh let us not be lavish, son,

Nor throw away what we have won!

Oh let us not consume our store,

But, being frugal, make it more!”
“Your fine harangue,” replies the other,
“Might take, were I a griping brother:
But, as I’m generous and free,

It ne’er shall have effect on me,

I’ll live, old daddy, while I may

Indulge my noble self with prey, \
And feast in spite of all you say.

But should I not—why, to our sorrow,
The fowls will stink before to-morrow.

If we return—the clown will watch us; :
And, hang the dog, he’ll surely catch us:
In ambush he will watch our waters,

Or else with dogs beat up our quarters.”

This said, each fox himself obey’d,
Pursu’d the scheme that he had laid.

The younger one fell to the meat ;— :
And died o’ercharg’d with what he eat. —
The old one, as with joy next morning, -
To his hid spoil he was returning,

Ta’en by the farmer in surprise,
Fell by his hand a sacrifice.

Thus each man has his ruling passion,
And evry age its inclination: . att
PART IIt.] FABLES, 239



‘The young are heedless in their measures,
And boundless in pursuit of pleasures :
The old are all persuasion past,

Positive, and griping to the last.

ay i
Vas ie



Fasre VIL
‘The Buttery and Boy.

‘WAS on a day serene and fair,
The sun was bright and ether clear,

The rocking winds were lull’d to rest,
And ev’ry murmuring gale supprest ;
When, tempted by th’ alluring heat,
A Fly forsook her dark retreat
To taste the sweetness of the skies,
And tinge her wings with various dyes ;-
Restless she rov’d her narrow tour,
And borrow’d paint from ev'ry flow’r;
Till, deck’d with all the insect grace,
She sparkled fairest of her race..
240-

FABLES. (PART WI.



In all ie nenasae pomp, sid pride,
The winged-gem a Boy espy’d;
Who, pleas’d to see how bright it shone,
Resolv’d to make the prize his own; +;
And straight with speed began to trace
The gilded Fly from place to place:
But, conscious of some danger near,
The Butterfly her course would steer, \
Now high, then low, now here, then there,
To balk the aim, or shun the blow
She justly dreaded from her foe,

The Lad, still eager to pursue
The Fly that always kept in view,
Thro’ many a lane and meadow went,
His soul so on the prize was bent,
Undaunted ran from morn to noon,
To gain the heart-enchanting boon.

At length, when sweat bedew’d his face,
And almost weary of the chase,
The Fly in evil hour is caught,

And homewards by the conqueror brought ;

Who vainly hop’d, the glorious spoil
Would more than recompense his toil ;
But while, with pleasure and surprise,
Her form and beauty feast his eyes, \
The Fly escapes, and mounts the skies,
With rallied force augments her flight,
And quick evades his keenest sight ;
Then he, deluded youth! gave o’er
All hope to find the booty more.
Enrag’d condemns his cruel fate,

And wept his folly—but too late,
PART TIL] FABLES, 241



Thus foolish mortals waste their days, -
In seeking pleasures, wealth, and praise;
_ They hunt for honours, titles, fame,
» And risk their souls to gain a—name;
Chase every glitt’ring toy they spy,
Just as the Lad pursu’d the Fly, \
And e’er they grasp the bauble—die,





Fasre VII.
The Mounds in Couples.
EDLOCK, a name not much in fashion,
Subservient ofttimes is to passion.
How oft we see a thoughtless pair,
Brought up by Nature’s fost’ring care,

. When love first fires their youthful breast,
Pant with impatience to be blest :
Tempers unstudied | thoughts untried !
Yet sigh, alas! to be allied.

Because their hours of courtship run
Sweet, under love’s meridian sun,
242

FABLES. (PART III.



They think to breathe a tranquil life,

And be the happy man and wife,

Vain thought !—the flatt’ring phantom flies,
And opes at length their purblind eyes, +
Then but attend my simple story,’

The sequel will appear before ye.



The morning dawns, with orient sky,
Clad with its purple royalty,
Once more’s the throne of infant day,
And all th’ horizon round looks gay,
The horn deep-ton’d the huntsman fills,
The strains re-echo from the hills ;
Unkennell’d for the bloody chase,
Impatient rush the babbling race:
Some, widely stretching o’er the plain,
Vocif’rous chaunt the heedless train ;
These stretch their limbs, while others bound
In wanton circles o’er the ground,

The squire survey’d with secret pride
The mottled pack on either side:
The puppies did not ’scape his view;
Their youthful tricks were pleasing too,
But lest a part unskilld, and young,
Should lead the rest with lavish tongue,
It was decreed they should be tied,
And trudge in couples, side by side.
To Ringwood, Sweetlips was assign’d :
These two'with patience jogg’d behind,
To Trueman, so ’twas doom’d by fate,
Maiden was yok’d as trav’lling mate:
In these an early fondness grew,
If he did this, she’d'do so too;
PART II] FPABLES, 243



From Maiden Trueman scarce would stray,
But spent with her the livelong day ;
For her the half-pick’d bone he’d spare,
And guard her with a lover’s care.

If he in playful-frolic run,

Or bask’d beneath th’ enlivening sun,
As sure she would his steps attend,
Or near his side her length extend.
From one calm mind their actions grew;
But now, alas! they spring from two.
Divided cares invade each breast ;
Divided thoughts and interest ;

Now ’tis they feel the galling chain,
And howl for liberty again.

To join the pack if he’s inclin’d,

She with slow pace will drag behind :
He this way draws, she tugs another,
They prove tormentors to each other.
Now boldly they exert their might,
‘Snarl answers snarl—bite follows bite ;
With double ire their fury burns,

And gains them mastership by turns.
But strength victorious rules the field,
To force superior all must yield :

At length subdued the fair one lies,
And calls assistance by her cries ;

But ah! in vain, no succour’s near,
The hunt pursue the tim’rous hare.
Too late she sees from whence arose
The source of all her bleeding woes :
Secluded now from every friend,

Her sorrows but with life can end,
244

FABLES. [PART III,



. What’s to be done—reflection’s vain,

And serves but to incease her pain ;
Quite spent, she howling yields her life,
A prey to discontent and strife,

wr

i
i
i Me

——= i

FABLE ‘VILL, ;
The So and the Peacock.
N days of yore, as authors tell,
When beasts and birds could read and

No matter where, in town or city, [spell,
There liv’d a Swine exceeding witty ;
And, for the beauties of her mind,
Excelling all her bristl’d kind:
But yet, to mortify her pride,
She found at last her failing side.





















‘Philosophy she had good store,

Had ponder’d Seneca all o’er ;
Yet all precautions useless prove
Against the pow’r of mighty love.
It happen’d on a sultry day,
Upon her fav’rite couch she lay,—
‘PART IIL] / FABLES, 245



*Twas a round dunghill soft and warm,
O’ershadow’d by a neighb’ring barn,—.
_ When lo, her winking eyes behold
A creature with a neck of gold,
With painted wings and gorgeous train,
That sparkled like the starry plain:
His neck and breast all brilliant shine
Against the sun. The dazzl’d Swine,
Who never saw the like before,
Began to wonder and. adore ;
But seeing him so fair and nice,
She left her dunghill in a trice ;
And, fond to please, the grunting elf
Began to wash and trim herself ;
And from the stinking pool she run
To dry her carcase in the sun ;
And rubb’d her sides against a tree:
And now, as clean as hogs can be,

. With cautious air and doubtful breast,
The glitt’ring Peacock thus address’d :

“Sir, I, a homely rural Swine,
Can boast of nothing fair nor fine,
No dainties in our troughs appear,
But, as you seem a stranger here,
Be pleas’d to walk into my sty,

A little hut as plain as I.

Pray venture through the humble door ;
And tho’ your entertainment’s poor,
With me you shall be sure to find

An open heart and honest mind ;

And that’s a dainty seldom found

On cédar floors and city ground.”
246

| FABLES. . [PART III.



_ Thus far the Sow had preach’d by rule,
She preach’d, alas! but-to a fool ;

For this same Peacock, you must know,
Had he been man, had been a beau: .
And spoke, like them, but mighty little
That to the point could tend a tittle; °
And with an air that testify’d

He’d got at least his share of pride,
He thus began: “ Why, truly now,
Yot’re very civil, Mrs Sow:

But I am very clean, d’ye see;

Your sty is not a place for me.

Should I go through that narrow door,
My feathers might be soil’d or tore ;

Or scented with unsav’ry fumes :

And what am I without my plumes?”

The much offended Sow replies,
And turns asquint her narrow eyes,
“ Sir, you ’re incorrigibly vain,
To value thus a shining train ;
For when the northern wind shall blow,
And send us hail, and sleet, and snow,
How will you save from such’keen weathers,
Your merit—sir, 1 mean your feathers ?
As for myself,—to think that I
Should lead an idiot to my sty,
Or strive to make an oaf my friend,
Makes all my bristles stand on end:
But for the future, when I see
A bird that much resembles thee,
I’ll ever make it as a rule,
The shining case contains a fool.”
PART U1] FABLES. 247





FABLE LX.

The King-Dove.

HOUSANDS, who start at Nero’s name,
With Nero’s power would act the same ;
And few in humble spheres can know
How much to want of pow’r they owe—
The passions sleep unrous’d by might,
As objects lie forgot in night ;
Tho’ unregarded till they ’re seen,
They both exist beneath the screen,
And Sol returning, grandeur near,
The passions rise, and shapes appear:
And e’en a dove, the Fable tells,
Begirt with pow’r a tyrant swells—
Thus runs the tale—Between the Kite
And Doves there chance’d a fatal fight,
248

“FABLES. [PART II. .



Before his force their numbers fled,

The victor on the captives. fed—

What can be done ?they pine, they grieve,
The spar’d can scarce be said to live—

At last, their king Columbo’s call
Commands the senate to the hall:
Columbo, best of doves and kings,
Up-rising clapt his painted wings,

Then thus harangu’d ’em from above,
And spake the monarch, and the Dove—
“My suff’ring friends, with grief and pain
I fear we meet but to complain ;

Yet my fond bosom fain would know
Your thoughts of our relentless foe—

If any, blest with skill to save,

Have plann’d the proud oppressor’s grave,
Whatever perils shall attend:

A scheme to save one bleeding friend,
Ill meet, I’ vanquish, or no more
Return to this opprobrious shore:

For oh! to steal the tyrant’s breath,

¥’d perch upon the dart of death.”

He ceas’d, and soft applauses sprung
From ev’ry heart to evry tongue:

Then one arose among the rest,

And mov'd,—That Jove might be addrest,
Arms on their monarch to bestow,

Like those so dreadful on their foe.

The rest consent, the pray’r is made,

Jove will’d, and Nature straight obey’d.
Columbo feels his form distend,

His beak grow crook’d, claws extend; oS
PART IIL] . FABLES. “249



On his increasing strength presumes,

: And pleas’d he shakes his alter’d plumes,
To single combat dares the foe,
‘And deep imprints the fatal blow.
The Kite expires,—and peace again
Reviv'd.to bless Columbo’s reign.

But flush’d with conquest, proud in arms, _
He longs, he pants, for fresh alarms, .
And to himself elated thought—

“ Had I these gifts of Jove for nought ?”

Now swelling high with proud disdain,

He scorns his meek, his peaceful train ;

A thousand wives the monarch claims,

And seizes all their fairest dames ;

A thousand slaves attend his will,

A thousand nests his treasures fill;

None for themselves eat, sleep, or love,

’Tis all the King’s—imperial Dove!

Too noble grown for common food,

He longs to taste of pigeon’s blood ;

Nor long the appetite withstood.

With treble anguish now they moan

A wide destroyer on their throne,

Despairing drag the galling chain,

And vainly curse Columbo’s reign.

This fatal change let man informed pursue,
Catch rising truths from every fabled view,
And learn from hence no dang’rous pow’r to trust,
E’en with the wise, the gentle, and the just.
Since e’en that pow’r less prompts to good than ill,
And bends to vice’vain man’s unequal will—
Wrongs to redress ne’er arm alone your friend,
But, cloth’d in equal might, his.steps attend ;
250 | FABLES. _ [PaRT IL.



Let equal arms your injur’d rights maintain,
Divide the strength, the labours, honours, gain:
Still on a level, tho’ with conquest bright,

No traitor thoughts shall rise from matchless might:
Peace with her genuine charms shall either bless,
And just dependencies prevent excess,







| | eee ==

FABLE X.
The Camelion.

FT has it been my lot to mark ~
A proud, conceited, talking spark,

With eyes, that hardly serv’d at most
To guard their master ’gainst a post,
Yet round the world the blade has been
To see whatever could be seen.
Returning from his finish’d tour,
Grown ten times perter than before,
PART IIL] FABLES, , 251



Whatever word you chance to drop,

» The travell’d fool your mouth will stop ;
“ Sir, if my judgment youll allow—
I’ve seen—and sure I ought to know” —
So begs you’d pay a due submission, _

And acquiesce in his decision.

' Two travellers of such a cast,

As o’er Arabia’s wild they past,

And on their way in friendly chat
Now talk’d of this, and then of that,
Discours’d a while ’mongst other matter,
Of the Camelion’s form and nature.

“ A-stranger animal,” cries one,

“ Sure never liv’d beneath the sun:

A lizard’s body lean and long,

A fish’s head, a serpent’s tongue ;

Its tooth with triple claw disjoin’d ;
And what a length of tail behind!
How slow its pace, and then its hue—
Who ever saw so fine a blue?”

“ Hold there,” the other quick replies,
“°Tis green—I saw it with these eyes,
As late with open mouth it lay,
And warm’d itself in sunny ray 3”
* Stretch’d at its ease the beast I view’d,
And saw it eat the air for food,”

“T?vé seen it, sir, as wellas you,
And must again affirm it blue:
At leisure I the beast survey’d,
Extended in the cooling shade.”
“?’Tis screen, “tis green, sir, I assure ye.”
“Green!” cries the other in a fury.
252

FABLES, (PART IIL.



“ Why, sir—d’ye think I’ve lost my eyes?”
“Twere no great loss,” the friend replies ;
“ For, if they always serve you thus,
You ’ll find ’em but of little use.”

So high at last the contest rose,
From words they almost came to blows:
When luckily came by a third—
To him the question they refer’d ;
And bege’d he’d tell ’em, if he knew,
Whether the thing was green or blue.

“ Sirs,” cries the umpire, “cease your pother—
The creature’s neither one nor t’other.
I caught the animal last night,
And view’d it o’er by candle light:
I mark’d it well—twas black as jet—
You stare—but, sirs, I’ve got it yet,
And can produce it.” “Pray, sir, do:
I?ll lay my life, the thing is blue.”
“And J ’ll be sworn, that when you ’ve seen
The reptile, you ’1l pronounce him green.”

“Well, then, at once to ease the doubt,”
Replies the man, “I’ll turn him out: oe
And when before your eyes I ’ve set him,

If you don’t find him black, IU eat him.”

He said; then full before their sight’
Produc’d the beast, and lo! *twas white.
Both star’d, the man look’d wondrous wise—
“My children,” the Camelion cries,

Then first the creature found a tongue,
“You all are right, and all are wrong:

When next you talk of what you view,

Think others see, as well as you:
ie)

PART III.] — FABLES. 25



_ Nor wonder, if you find that none
Prefers your eye-sight to his own.”































ys
eA Ss



























FABLE XT,
The Three Warnings.

HE tree of deepest root is found
Least willing still to quit the ground ;
*Twas therefore said by ancient sages,
That love of life increas’d with years:
So much, that in our latter stages, ,
When pains grow sharp, and sickness rages,
The greatest love of life appears.

This great affection to believe,
Which all confess, but few perceive,
Tf old assertions can’t prevail,

Be pleas’d to hear a modern tale.


FABLES. [PART If,



When sports went round, and all were gay

’ On neighbour Dobson’s wedding-day,

Death call’d aside the jocund groom
With him into another room:
And looking grave,—“ You must,” says he,
“Quit your sweet bride, and come with me.”
“With you! and quit my Susan’s side!
With you!” the hapless husband cry’d:
“Young as lam; ’tis monstrous hard;
Besides, in truth, I’m not prepar’d:
My thoughts on other matters go,
This is my wedding-night, you know.”
What more he urg’d I have not heard:
His reasons could not well be stronger ;
For Death the poor delinquent spar’d,
And left to live a little longer,
Yet calling up a serious look,
His hour-glass trembling while he spoke,
“Neighbour,” he. said, “Farewell: No more
Shall death disturb your mirthful hour;
And further to avoid all blame ~
Of cruelty upon my name,
To give you time for preparation,
And fit you for your future station,
Three several warnings you shall have
Before you ’re summon’d to the grave, .
Willing for once I’ quit my prey,
And grant a kind reprieve :
In hopes you ’ll have no more to say,
But when I call again this way’
Well pleas’d the world will leave.”
To these conditions both consented,
And parted, perfectly contented.
PART III] FABLES, 255



- What next the hero of our tale befell,
How long he.liv’d, how wise, how well,
How roundly he pursu’d his course,—
And smok’d his pipe, and strok’d his horse,—
The willing muse’shall tell:

He chaffer’d on, he bought, he sold,
Nor once perceiv’d his growing old,
Nor thought of death as near:

His friends. not false, his wife no shrew,
Many his gains, his children few,
He pass’d his hours in peace ;

But while he view’d his wealth increase,
While thus along life’s dusty road

The beaten track content he trod,

Old time, whose haste no mortal spares,
Uneall’d, unheeded, unawares,
Brought on his eightieth year.

And now one night in musing mood,
As all alone he sat,
Th’ unwelcome messenger of fate,
Once more before him stood.

“So soon return’d!” old Dobson cries:
“So soon, d’ ye call it!’ Death replies :
“Surely, my friend, you’re but in jest ;
Since I was here before,
’Tis six and forty or fifty years at least,
And you are now fourscore.”

Half kill’d with anger and surprise, \

“So much the worse,” the clown rejoin’d:
To spare the aged would be kgnd:
However, see your search be legal ;

_And your authority—Is’t regal?
256

FABLES. [PART III.



Else you are come on a fool’s errand,

With but a secretary’s warrant.

Besides, you promis’d me three warnings,
Which T have look’d for-nights and mornings.
But, for that loss of time and ease,

I can recover damages.”

I seldom am a welcome guest ;

But don’t be captious, friend, at least:
I little thought you'd still be able

To stump about your farm and stable ;
Your years have run to a great length,
I wish you joy tho’ of your strength.”

“T know,” cries Death, “that at the best, |

“Hold,” says the farmer, “not so fast,
I have been lame these four years past.” -

“And no great wonder,” Death replies,
“ However you still keep your eyes,
: :
And sure to see one’s loves and friends
For legs and arms, would make amends.”

“Perhaps,” says Dobson, “so it might,

But latterly I’ve lost my sight.”

“This is a shocking story, faith, .
Yet there’s some comfort still,” says Death ;
Each strives your sadness to amuse,
I warrant you hear all the news.”

“ Thete’s none,” cries he, “and if there were,
I’m grown so deaf I could not hear.”
Nay then,” the spectre stern rejoin’d,

“These are unjustifble yearnings ;
If you are lame, and deaf, and blind,

You ’ve had your three-sufficient warnings.
PART IIL] FABLES. 257



So come along, no more we’ll part,

He said, and touch’d him with his dart;
And now old Dobson, turning pale,
Yields to his fate—so ends my tale.”



Fase XII.

The Caterpillar and Butterfly.

HE morning blush’d with vivid red,
And night in sudden silence fled ;
Sad Philomel no more complains,
The lark begins his sprightly strains ;
Light paints the flow’rs of various hue,
And sparkles in the pendent dew ;
Life moves o’er all the quicken’d green,

And beauty reigns, unrival’d queen.
: R
258

FABLES. [PART III.



Green as the leaf, on which he lay,
A Caterpillar wak’d to-day :
And look’d around, and chane’d to ’spy
A leaf of more inviting dye;
From where he lay he crawl’d, and found
The verdant spot’s indented bound;
Stretch’d from the verge, he strove to gain
The neighb’ring leaf, but strove in vain.
In that nice moment, prompt to save,
A brother worm this warning gave.

“Oh! turn, advent’rous as thou art,
Nor hence, deceiv’d by hope, depart;
What though the leaf, that tempts thee, shows
More tasteful food, more soft repose ;
What, though with brighter spangles gay,
Its dew reflects an earlier ray? —
Oh! think what dangers guard the prize;
Oh! think what dangers; and be wise!
The pass from leaf to leaf forbear ;
Behold how high they wave in air!
And should’st thou fall, tremendous thought !
What ruin would avenge thy fault?
Thy mangled carcase, writh’d with pain,
Shall mark with blood the dusty plain:
Then death, the dread of all below,
Thy wish—will surely end thy woe;
Untimely death, for now to die,
Is ne’er to rise a butterfly.”
“A Butterfly!” th’ Advent’rer cry’d,
“What's that?” ‘A bird,” his friend reply’d,
“ To which this reptile form shall rise,
And gorgeous mount the lofty skies ;
PART IIL. | FABLES. 259



The joyful season time shall bring,
He bears it on his rapid wing.
An age there is, when all our kind, .
Disdain the ground, and mount the wind:
And should thy friend this age attain—”
With haste the worm reply’d again,
“ Say what assurance canst thou give,
That I with birds a bird shall live?
For could I trust thy pleasing tale,
No wanton wish should e’er prevail ;
For what, that worms obtain, can vie
With bliss of birds that wing the sky ?”
“Believe my words,” th’ Adviser said,
“Since not of private int’rest bred ;
Not on thy life or death depend
My pleasure or my pain Attend!
Like thee, to all the future blind,
I knew not wings for worms design’d,
Till yon last sun’s ascending light

' Remov’d the dusky shades of night.
Soon as his rays, from heav’n sublime,
Shone on that leaf you wish to climb ;
That leaf, which shades, in earliest hours,
This less conspicuous spot of ours:
Surpris’d, a lovely form I saw,
That touch’d me with delight and awe;
*Twas near, and while my looks betray’d
My wonder, thus the Stranger said :



‘““ My graceful shape and vary’d dyes,
New wonder still prepare to feel,
Amazing truths my words reveal :.
260

FABLES. (PART III,



For know, like thine my humble birth ;
Like thee, I crawl’d a worm on earth?

“Ah! mock me not, said I, nor seek
A worthless triumph o’er the weak ;
Canst thou, thy form with down o’erspread,
By nature crown’d thy regal head,
Canst thou my reptile shape have worn?
My reptile shape, of all the scorn!
Hast thou! whose gorgeous wings display
Each vary’d tint that drinks the day,
More bright than drops of orient dew,
More gay than flow’rs of gaudiest hue,
With purple edg’d, and fring’d with gold,
Like light, too splendid to behold!
Hast thou, an abject worm like me,
Crawl’d prone on earth! it cannot be.

“ ‘To faith thy happiness ally’d—
Not thrice the morn these eyes have view 'd,
Since genial spring my life renew’d ;
From death-like slumbers wak’d, I found
A guardian shell invest me found ;
The circling shield I broke, nor knew
How long my safety hence I drew;
But soon perceiv’d, and knew the spot,
Where once, a worm, I fix’d my lot;
The past with wonder touch’d my breast,
More wonder still the zow imprest,
With pleasure mixt—the pleasure grew,
At evry thought, at ev'ry view ;
Transform’d, my unknown pow’r I try,
I wave my wings, I rise! I fly!
PART III.] FABLES, : 261



Enraptur’d with the blissful change,
From field to field I wanton range;
From flow’r to flow’r, from tree to tree,
And see whate’er I wish to see;
Now glide along the daisy’d ground ;
Now wheel in wanton circles round;
Now mount aloft, and sport in air,
Transported, when I will, and where,
Still present, to whate’er invites,
Each moment brings me new delights ;
Nor fear allays the joys I know,
The dangers scorn’d that lurk below;
No trampling hoof, my former dread,
Can crush me, mangled, to the dead.
Ev’n man himself pursues, in ‘vain,
My sportive circuit o’er the plain,’
_ He said, and raptur’d with the thought, _
New charms his brightning plumage caught,
_ He clapt his wings, his rapid flight
I trac’d with fond desiring sight,
Oh! glorious state—reserv’d to this,
I risk not life for reptile bliss ;
Oh! catch the glowing wish from me,
The same the bliss reserv’d for thee ;
Desist from ewry rash design,
And beauty, plumes, and wings are thine.”
He ceas’d—th’ Advent’rer thus reply’d:
“ By thee the fancy’d change be try’d,
The zow is mine, the xow alone,
‘The future fate’s—a dark unknown!
To nature’s voice my ears incline;
All lovely, loving, all divine!
262

FABLES, [PART IIL



To joy she courts, she points the way,
And chides this cold, this dull delay.
Farewell—let hope thy bliss supply,
And count thy gains with fancy’s eye;
Be thine the wings that time shall send,
Believing and obliging friend.”

He said, and sneering sly disdain,

The neighb’ring leaf attempts to gain ;
He falls—all bruis’d on earth he lies;
Too late repents, and groans, and dies,
His friendly monitor, with care,
Avoids each pleasure-baited snare,
False pleasure, false, and fatal too!
Superior joys he keeps in view ;

They come—the genial spring supplies
The wings he hoped, and lo! he flies;
Tastes all that summer suns prepare,
And all the joys of earth and air!


PART IIL] FABLES. 263





FABLE XITI

The Tina Bokes.

WoO Turtles once, of gentlest kind,
In softest bands by love were join’d ;

°Til tired of home Columbo grew,
And pensive sigh’d for something new;
For distant realms prepar’d to part,—
When spoke the partner of his heart :
“Why should my dear Columbo rove, _ V
And leave me widow’'d in the grove—
What ill can worse than absence prove? J
Yet let the toils, the perils, cares,
Which fate for travellers prepares,
Retard thy speed—attend the spring,
And wait the zephyr’s aiding wing ;
What haste ?—this hour, ill omen’d found!
The raven’s croak was heard around ;
264

FABLES, — [PART IIL



Hawks, nets, and ills of evry kind
Henceforth shall haunt my boding mind ;
And what does Heav’n at home deny
That thou canst wish, or Heav’n supply ?”

These words in doubt Columbo hold,
Still weakly vain, and rashly bold ;
At length his restless wish prevails,
And love, and fear, and prudence fails :
When thus he spoke with cheerful air—
“From Turturella far be care,
No more let tears those eyes distain,
Whate’er I seek three days shall gain ;
Returning then, to thee I'll tell
Whate’er I saw, or me befell:
Amusing thus the pensive day,
Who little see, can little say,
Of rich description full, my tale
Shall oft thy listening ear regale;
The scenes 1’Il paint so strong, so true,
In fancy thou shalt travel too.”

This said, Farewell dissolves his heart,
And wet with mutual tears they part.

As Turturella pensive sate,
In fancy wand’ring with her mate,
Far as her utmost ken she sees
A bird approach by slow degrees ;
Not form’d for flight he seem’d, nor song,
But stopp’d by turns, and limp’d along:
Her pains who feels can tell alone,
The bird for chang’d Columbo known ;
Her mate, with pearly tears to greet,
Down from her nest she flew to meet.
PART U1] FABLES, 265



Awhile with silent grief opprest,
At length she softly him addrest :
“Oh! tell me, dear Columbo, tell
What scenes you saw, what woes befell ;
Why wounded thus Columbo mourns,
And ere th’ appointed day returns ?”
With falt’ring voice Columbo cry’d,
“From thee no more my heart I hide—
Scarce from this peaceful grove I past
When sudden clouds the skies o’ercast ;
I saw the storm, for shelter sought,
A single tree that shelter brought,
Thin leav’d, and pervious to the show’r,
I felt.the rig’rous season’s power.
The cloud dissolv’d, benumb’d with cold,
Again my dripping wings unfold ;
In neighb’ring fields some corn I view,
And, hovring near, a turtle too;
By flatt’ring hopes deluded there,

‘IT struggled in the fowler’s snare :
The turtle tutor'd to betray,
Beneath the bait a net there lay.
Unwonted strength despair supply’d,
I broke the snare my feet that ty’d ;
With less than half my tail I fled,
And trail’d behind a broken thread,
A remnant of the snare, when lo!
A vulture sees me, dreadful foe!
Just as he stoop’d to snatch the prey,
From heav’n an eagle wing’d his way ;
I, while the sons of rapine fight,
Improv’d the lucky hour in flight ;
266

FABLES. [PART LL



The ruins of a cot were near,

J thought my dangers ended here ;
Deceitful thought! a playful boy

(The cruel race in sport destroy)
Whirl’d round the sling, the rapid stone
Laid bare my pinion to the bone.

Yet reach I living this abode,

What signal mercies Heav’n bestow’d!
Left in this grove to sigh alone

What fate has Turturella known?”
“More signal yet, by. far,” said she,
“The mercies Heav’n bestow’d on me,”
“ Alas! what woes,” Columbo cry’d,
“Tn this short absence hast thou try’d?
What near escapes to equal mine ?
Amazing marks of love divine!”

“The woes averted from my head

Are those which thou hast felt,” she said ;
“No near escapes ’twas mine to prove,
What more amazing mark of love!

In ease and safety more I gain

Than “fe to thee, preserv’d with pain,
See then the mercies that I meant,
Which Heav’n to give me, gave Content !
Learn hence the gifts of Jove to prize,
And, ere misfortunes téach, be wise.”
PART IIL] FABLES, 267





FABLE XTIV.,

The Beau and Buttery.

HEN summer deckt each sylvan scene,

And sunshine smil’d along the green,

When groves allur’d with noon-tide shade, ~

And purling brooks refresh’d the glade ;

An empty form of empty show,

A flutt’ring insect, call’d a Beau,

In gaudy colours rich and gay,

A mere papilio of the day,

Was seen around the fields to rove,

And haunt, by turns, the stream and grove:

A silver zone entwin’d his head,

His belly shone with lively red,

His wings were green, but studded o’er

With gold-embroider’d spots before.

Around him various insects came,

Of diffrent‘ colour, diffrent name ; ~
268

FABLES. [PART IIL,



And, ting’d with every gorgeous dye,
Among the rest a Butterfly ;

His wings are spread with wanton pride,
And beauty fades from all beside.

The Beau beholds, with envious eyes,

The living radiance as it flies :

“ And shall,” said he, “ this worthless thing,

That lives but on a summer’s wing,

This flying worm, more gaudy shine,
And wear a dress more gay than mine?
Is this wise Nature’s equal care

To deck a Butterfly so fair,

While man, her worthiest, greatest part,
Must wear the homely rags of art?” .
Thus reason’d he, as reason beaux,

The subject of their logic clothes; >
When thus the Butterfly reply’d,

With deeper tints by anger dy’d:

“Vain, trifling mortal! could’st thou boast
To prize what Nature prizes most

On man bestow’d, thou would’st not see
With envy aught she gives to me.

This painted vestment, all my store,

She gives, and I can claim no more—
But man, for greater ends design’d,
Should boast the beauties of the mind.
More bright than gold with wisdom shine,
And virtue’s sacred charms be thine:

To rule the world by reason taught,

On dress disdain to waste a thought ;

For he, whom folly bends so low,
Ambitious to be thought.a beau,
PART I11.] FABLES. 269



Is studious only to be gay,

In toilet-arts consumes the day ;
And, the long trifling labours o’er,
Takes wing, and bids the world adore ;
Looks down with scorn on rival flies,
Himself less splendid and less wise ;
With scorn, his scorn return’d again,
Proud insect! impotently vain !

The fool who thus by self is priz’d,
By others justly is despis’d.”

‘She said, and flutter’d round on high,
Nor stay’d to hear the Beau’s reply.




=








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af. cil al ail
sa itt




FABLE XV.
Dhe Bears and Bees.

S two young Bears in wanton mood,
Forth-issuing from a neighb’ring wood,
270.

FABLES. [PART IIL



Came where th’ industrious Bees had stor ‘d
In artful cells their luscious hoard ;
O’erjoy’d they seiz’d with eager haste
Luxurious on the rich repast.

Alarm’d at this, the little crew

About their ears vindictive flew.

The beasts, unable to sustain

Th’ unequal combat, quit the plain:
Half blind with rage, and mad with pain,
Their native shelter they regain ;

There sit, and now discreeter grown,
Too late theit rashness they bemoan ;
And this by dear experience gain,

“That pleasure’s ever bought with pain,”
So when the gilded baits of vice

Are plac’d before our longing eyes,

With greedy haste we snatch our fill,
And swallow down the latent ill;

But when experience opes our eyes,
Away the fancied pleasure flies—

It flies, but oh! too late we find

It leaves a real sting behind.
PART IILJ FABLES. 271



i \
i



| :

ie

FABLE XVI,
The Trees.

NCE on a time, when great Sir Oak
Held all the trees beneath his yoke,

The monarch, anxious to maintain,
In peaceful state, his sylvan reign, '
Saw, to his sorrow and distraction,
His subject trees take root in faction,
And, though late join’d in union hearty,
Now branching into shoots of party,
Each sturdy stick of factious wood
Stood stiff and stout for public good :
For patriots ever, ‘tis well known,
Seek others welfare, not their own,
And all they undertake, you know,
Is meant pro bono pudlico.
272

FABLES. [PART Ill.



The hardy Fir, from northern earth
Who took its name, and drew its birth,
The Oak plac’d next him to support

‘His government, and grace his court.

The Fir, of an uncommon size,

Rear’d his tall head unto the skies,
O’er-topp’d his fellow-plants, his height
Who view’d, and sicken’d at the sight :
With envy ev’ry fibre swell’d,

While in them the proud sap rebell’d ;

“ Shall then,” they cried, “the Ash, the Elm,
The Beech, no longer rule the helm?
What! shall the ignoble Fir, a plant,

In tempest born, and nurs’d in want,
Far from black regions of the north,

And native famine, issue forth ;

In this our happier soil take root,

And dare our birthright to dispute ?”
On this the fatal storm began,

Confusion thro’ the forest ran ;

Mischief in each dark shade was brewing,
And all betoken’d general ruin:

While each, to make their party good,
Brib’d the vile shrubs and underwood :
And now the Bramble-and the Thistle
Sent forth essay, ode, epistle ; a
To which anon, with equal mettle,
Replied the Thorn and stitiging Nettle.

“ What’s to be done, or how oppose

The storm which in the forest rose?”
Grief shook the mighty monarch’s mind, .
And his sighs labour’d in the wind..
PART III.] FABLES. 273

At length, the tumult, strife, and quarrel,
Alarming the sagacious laurel,
His mind unto the King he broke,
And thus addrest him: “Heart of Oak!
Sedition is on foot, make ready ;
And fix your empire firm and steady. -
- Faction in vain shall shake the wood,
While you pursue the general good.
. Fear not a foe, trust not a friend,
Upon yourself alone depend.
If not too partially ally’d,
By fear or love to either side,
In vain shall jarring factions strive,
Cabals in vain dark plots contrive.
Slave to no foe, dupe to no minion,
Maintain an equal just dominion:
So shall you stand by storms unbroke,
And all revere the ROYAL OAK,


274

FABLES, [PART II:





Fasle XVII,
The Philosapher anv Celoey- Corn.

HEN toilsome hours of day were spent, -
The world seem’d wrapt in calm content,
Each anxious care forsook the breast,
Sleep gently clos’d each eye to rest,
Cynthia her brightest aspect wore,
And Heav’n’s expanse was studded o’er,
A sage, by meditation drawn,
Forsook his cot, and sought the lawn ;
In contemplation deep he stray’d,
And nature’s dozing charms survey’d ;
On either hand new beauties view’d,
As he his tranquil walk pursu *d.
By chance, a Glow-Worm, in his way,
Shone forth his little glitt’ring ray,
Proudly unfolding ev'ry grace,
As trailing round from place to place;
PART III.] FABLES. 275

Wlumining the moss-fring’d plain,

On other worms he look’d disdain.

The sage, with philosophic eye,

Survey’d the wand’rer crawling by ;
Then stooping low, with gentle hand,
High lifts him from the dew-fraught land.
The grub, tho’ not dismay’d thro’ fear,
Conscious he was not in his sphere,
Withdrew his beam of light away,

To hear what man—vain man—would say.
The learn’d Philosopher, amaz’d,

Paus’d for some time, and anxious gaz’d;
Astonish’d that the worm should die

So soon, then careless threw it by ;

But first, this application made :—

“ This creeping reptile, lo! is dead,

And with his life, his glory’s fled,

So is’t with all awedition’s race,

Who fill up each exalted place:

Brilliant they shine with borrow’d tay,
And wanton in the blaze of day,

*Till fortune’s second wheel turris round,
And leaves them where they first were found,”

The Glow-Worm with attention heard,
And weigh’d with prudence ev'ry word,
Trim’d bright his little lamp again,

And shone more beauteous o’er the plain; -
Then thus address’d the wond’ring sage,
The known Philos’pher of the age:

“ Know thou, the happy pow’r to shine

Is truly man’s as well as mine ;

I know my sphere, did he the same,

He’d tread sat path that leads to fame ;
276

FABLES. (PART TL.



Did he in dang’rous times retire,
And check with care ambition’s fire,
Like me he might new lustre spread,
And deck with laurels fresh his head.
But, coxcomb like, he’s led astray
To shine, and shines but for a day.”




ee
MS. 7

EN,















LABLE XVIII,

The Angler and the Philosopher.

ESIDE a gentle murm’ring brook
_ An Angler took his patient stand ;

He ey’d the stream with anxious look,
And wav'd his rod with cautious hand.

The bait with nicest art was drest,
The fishes left their safe retreat ;
And one more eager than the rest,
Look’d, long’d, and .swallow’d the deceit.
PARTI] FABLES. 277



Too late she felt the poignant smart,

Her pitying friends her fate deplore;
The Angler with well-practis’d art,

Play’d, hook’d, and drew her to the shore.

Lur’d by the beauty of the day,
The sun now sinking in the sky,

A sage pursu’d his walk that way,
And saw the bleeding victim lie.

Far in the vale of years declin’d,

He watch’d the course of nature’s law;
And thus with philosophic mind,

He moralis’d on what he saw:

“Tndulge, awhile, the pensive vein, .
And fix this image in your mind;
You ’ve hook’d’a fish; observe its pain,
And view the state of human kind.

“Fate gives us line, we shift the scene,
And jocund traverse to and fro;
Pain, sickness, still will intervene,
We feel the hook where’er we go.

“Tf, proudly, we our schemes extend,
And look beyond the present hour,

We find our straiten’d prospects end,
And own an over-ruling pow’r.

“ Awhile we sport, awhile lament, .

Fate checks the line, and we are gone;
Drageg’d from our wonted element,

To distant climes, untty’d, unknown.”
278 FABLES. [PART III.





FABLE XIX,

The Bion and other Beasts in Counetl.

HE kingly ruler of the plain,*
Just ent’ring on his savage reign,

To grace his coronation feast,
Sent and invited every beast ;
And soon the royal cave beheld
With all his various subjects fill’d :
For leagues of peace were lately made,
And lambs and wolves together play’d ;
Foxes and tim’rous hares agree
With dogs, their common enemy :
And now a sumptuous table spread,
Friendly they altogether fed ;

* The Lion. ©
PART IIL] FABLES. 279



And having din’d, sit still and prate
Familiarly of this and that:

Till with a kind, yet serious look, |
The King, desiring audience, spoke.

“My friends, and loving subjects all,
Who ’ve kindly thus obey’d my call,
I give you thanks, and now I crave
Your further kindness to receive :
I’m seated on the throne, you see,
In peaceable tranquillity ;
No cares of war disturb my breast ;
With taxes you are not opprest ;
This life I’ll therefore spend in joy;
None shall be happier than I,
But lest I should pursue false bliss,
What I would ask of you is this, \
To tell me—what true pleasure is?”

The beasts seem’d pleas’d with this request ;
Each thought he could advise him best,
And striving who should silence break,
. They all at once rose up to speak:
. Till by his majesty’s command,
Their forward zeal was soon restrain’d ;
Who calmly bidding them sit down, \

And let him hear them one by one,
Th’ impatient Monkey thus began :

“Pleasure, my liege, is free from strife,
To lead a thoughtless, easy life;
Airy, and wild, and brisk, and gay,
To sing, and dance, and laugh, and play;
Now following this, now that, and that, .
And so’t be new, no matter what;




280

FABLES. [PART III.

Do mischief first, then laugh at it:
This is diversion, pleasure, wit.”

The Ass was here provok'd to rise,
And gravely thus bray’d his advice:
“Tf,” said he, “real pleasure is
In such buffoonery as this,
Then beaux and smarts, amongst mankind,
Are in their notions most refin’d;
But well we know, by men of. sense,
They ’re tax’d with vain impertinence.
I therefore think true pleasure lies
(If I may be thought fit t’advise)
In careless indolence and ease,
Not suff’ring anything to tease,
Regardless what th’ ambitious fly at, -
So we’re but undisturb’d and quiet ;
Well knowing ’tis but to attain
More ease, that they ’re at so much pain.
And he’s more happy, none can doubt it,
Who’s easy without taking pains about it.”

Free from all rules of just and fit, \

Now rose the Hog, and with a grunt,

“ Pleasure,” cry’d he, “ they know nought on’t.
A life trail’d on in laziness

Can only suit a stupid Ass,

And fool’d away in Monkey mirth,
It’s really full as little worth; ~

For doing nothing worthy fame

And doing nothing’s much the same.

But if you’d real pleasure know,

Let generous liquor smiling flow;

In jovial crews spend every hour,

And drink, and sing, and rant, and roar:


PART IIL] - FABLES. 281



Thus every care will sink and drown,
Whilst mirth and joy run laughing round.
I seem a monarch while I drink so,

And you ll be a god do you but think so.”

Here bursts the Goat into a laugh,

- And thus beginning with a scoff:

“ Doubtless,” said he, “it must be fine
T’exalt a nasty, dirty swine,

To such a height in fancying,

As to believe himself a King.

’ But that which thus perverts our senses
Can have, I think, but small pretences
To recommend it to our favour,

As pleasure of the truest flavour,

Nature, methinks, should guide in this,
Who seems t’ have shewn the highest bliss,
In having plac’d the sweetest gust,

In gratifying natural lust.

And that ’tis the sublimest joy,

T think’s so plain none can deny,

Witness the mad tormenting pain,

' When disappointed, we sustain.
Witness how eagerly we press on,
Witness our raptures in possession.”

But here the Leopard, rising slow,
Expos’d his beauteous spots to show,
And with.a grave majestic face,

Thus gave his verdict in the case:
“Pleasure consists not in such short
Imperfect transitory sport,

Of which the pains we’re at to get it,
O’erpays the bliss when we come at it ;
282

FABLES. [PART Ill.



Nor can it eer be call’d true joy,

With such a mixture of alloy.

No, that must be the most refin’d

Which most exalts and charms the mind ;
And nothing sure more charming is,
Than honour, pomp, and dignities,

Than grandeur and magnificence,

Than sumptuous trains and vast expense,
Than place, distinction, and preferment,
And when we die, a grand interment.”

At this the Horse, with noble look,
Raising his crested neck, thus spoke :
“ That merit should be rais’d on high,
T think’s so just none can deny;
But he who places all his bliss
In the external pomp of this, t
Knows not what greatness, nor what pleasure i is;
His judgment errs as much at least
As his who thinks that painting best \
Which is in gaudiest colours drest.
Of both we may affirm the same,
Their taste lies only in the gilded frame.
I grant preferment, honour, place,
Are rising steps to happiness ;
But whilst we’re upwards thus aspiring,
We’re anxious still, and still desiring.
To act with an.unbounded will,
Can only our desires fulfil ;
Whence, the highest bliss, in my opinion,
Must be in power and dominion.”

Thus all their various sense exprest,
And;each advis’d what he thought best ;
PART 11] FABLES. 283



But still what each as best esteem’d
Was by the next that spoke condemn’d :
Meanwhile the savage monarch sate,
Attentive to the warm debate ;

The nature saw, without disguise,

Of every beast in his advice.

But soon the disputants grew rude, 1
Confusion, noise, tumultuous feud
Enrage the jarring multitude. s
Till weary’d out, the royal beast

Thus spoke, and silenc’d all the rest :

“ Cease, cease your vain contention, cease
Your shallow schemes of happiness ;
Which only have confirm’d me more,
°*Tis where I thought it was before.
Greatness is no establishment
Of real bliss, or true content;

Luxurious banquets soon disgust ;
‘We’re quickly pall’d with sensual lust :
Virtue alone can give true joy;

The sweets of virtue never cloy.

To take delight in doing good,

In justice, truth, and gratitude,

In aiding those whom cares oppress,
Administ’ring comfort to distress :
These, these are joys which all who prove
Anticipate the bliss above.

These are the joys, and these alone

We neer repent or wish undone,”

He spoke ; the beasts without delay
Rose from their seats, and sneak’d away.
284. FABLES, [PART III.













FABLE XX.

The Goat and Far.

TUDIOUS from diff’ring tales to show
That virtue makes our bliss below,
My warning voice to ev'ry heart,
May ev'ry faithful ear impart ;
This one important truth believ’d,
Who can by vice be still deceiv’d ?
Bliss is our aim, and bliss our end,
And he who points the path, a friend.

A Goat and Fox, by joint consent,
Together once a journey went ; :
With patient steps from morning’s dawn,
They measur’d hill, and vale, and lawn;
When Pheebus in the zenith rode, ©
A cheerless, pathless waste they trod ;
The fainting wand’rers wide around,
With sighs survey’d the burning ground ;
PART III] FABLES. 285

Again, and yet again they look,

To find the welcome cooling brook ;
The welcome cooling brook in vain
They sought around the sun-burnt plain.
Onward they slowly pass, when lo!

A pit—and water—deep below ;

Ure’d by a strong desire to drink,

They both leap headlong from the brink.
For appetite still foremost goes,

Quite blind to all beyond its nose;

And reason, impotently kind,

A tardy friend, limps far behind,

Now when our pair had drank amain,
They thought of getting out again; _
And long with aching hearts they try’d,
But this the steep ascent denied.
Reynard at length the goat addrest,
And thus his wily thought exprest:

“ Courage, my friend,—be rul’d by me,
We'll soon from this mischance be free ;
Here—of the pit the shallowest place,

. On your hind legs your body raise,

And while thy horns my weight sustain,
At one light bound the shore I’ll gain ;

_ And thence effectual aid can lend
To save thee, too, my dearest friend ?”—

The Goat consents—and by his aid
The Fox his leap successful made;
. His friend look’d up, well pleased no doubt,
And deem’d himself as good as out;
But the false Fox with barb’rous sneer,
Cry’d, “Pox! how came you scrambling here?”
286

FABLES. [PART 10:



The Goat reply’d, “ Forbear to flout,
Lest I should ask how you got out.”
Said he, “ Of that no doubt remains,

. You’d horns, my friend,——and I had brains,

You wear that wisdom on your chin,
Which I; more modest, hide within.
We beasts of sprightly thought despise’

. All who like thee look gravely wise—

Improve these useful hints aright, .
You ’ll profit much—and so good night.”

This said, he titt’ring slunk away,
The Goat remain’d to death a prey.
In wonder lost, with horror chill’d,
With anguish, indignation fill’d,
The traitor-friend’s enormous guile,
Engross’'d his shudd’ring soul awhile; |
Awhile the wretched beast forgot
His pity’d, helpless, hopeless lot ;
But after short suspense his woes
Return’d—as the stem’d torrent flows,
With trebled force—he scarce sustain’d
The shock—and thus at length profan’d:
“For ever let that maxim cease, ©
‘That virtue’s paths are paths of peace.’
Where’s that reward which learned pride

* Boasts none from virtue can divide?
. Where the sure woes of various kinds,

Which fate to vice for ever binds ?

Life, joy (or what could make him smile), .
The Fox obtains thro’ horrid guile ;

My life, my humble guiltless joys,

At once a gen’rous trust destroys ;


PART IIL] FABLES. 287

Jove’s slumb’ring vengeance lets him fly,
His goodness slumbers while I die.”

A sylvan god who pass’d that way
(Of old none wander’d more than they),
By chance the rash impeachment heard
And instant on the brink appear’d.
“Look up,” he cries, “no more despair,
The help you wish prevents your prayer ;
Safe on the wish’d substantial plain,

I'll set thy dying feet again.

The Fox with envy didst thou see?
Henceforth thyself a Fox shalt be.—
Thou shalt his prosp’rous vice possess,
And taste a Fox’s happiness.”

>

The thing was done as soon as said,
A Fox, the Goat enfranchis’d, fled ;
But feels within his alter’d mind,

His narrow’d love to self confin’d.

No more from others good his breast
The social joy serene possess’d ;

No more by kind compassion mov’d,
His mercy is by foes approv’d.

Now mutual wants, love’s band below,
No means to fix a friend bestow ;

- Unlov’d, unloving, deep in earth

He gives his schemes of plunder birth.
From injur’d man, his friend so late,
He fears the stroke of potent hate;
With grief looks back on periods past,
His bloodless food, a blest repast !
Which late he cropt in peace profound,
With flocks, and herds, and men around;
288

FABLES, [PART IIL



. Yet now abhors that guiltless food,

To rapine doom’d, and thirst of blood ;
And mourns the days (to this a slave)
When heav’n a happier nature gave:
“By dear experience now I know,

‘That virtue’s only bliss below,”

He, sighing, said, in sad despair, -
And thus prefers a falt’ring pray’r:

- “Ye gracious pow’rs who rule above!

Who virtue and it’s vot’ries love!

I see my fault, my fault repent,

And own I ask’d the pains you sent,
T now th’ unrighteous thought forego,
That vice is bliss, and virtue woe:

' Oh! make me what I was again,

Tho’ faint I tread the scorching plain;
Tho’ with a faithless Fox I stray,

Me tho’ again his wiles betray,

Make me a goat, tho’ void of wit,

You leave me dying in the pit:

*Tis better far than thus alone

To live without one joy my own;

For while the past my mind retains,
My present pleasures are but pains.”

He pray’d, to Jove the pray’r ascends ;
His ear to pray’rs like these He lends,
“I (said the god) thy wish fulfil, .
Henceforth, be virtuous—if you will
Be man—to him that pow’rI give;

Go, and by past experience live.”
Transform’d again with lifted eyes,
The man his story thus applies :-—
PART 111.] FABLES. 289



“From what appears, how little do we know
What. others feel of happiness or woe!

Is vice your envy when of health possess’d,
With power, and pelf, and all externals blest?
Know that amidst that health, and power and pelf,
The thriving villain must abhor himself;

For who can bear, tho’ desperately brave,

The voice of conscience when it calls him knave?
Or who so dull, without regret to miss

Of conscious goodness the substantial bliss ?
Ask your own heart,and search thro’ all you know,
Consult each various scene of life below,

AU, all this universal truth attest,

The virtuous are, and can alone be blest.”


290 FABLES. [PART IIL.



CUT INT|
To







FABLE XXTI,
The Mite and Nightingale.

| *LL try to mimic honest Gay,

Who had a very decent way;
A pleasant wight of simple sort,
For ever filliping the court.
Let courts be quiet, if they know
The happy knack of being so.
The pestilence flies everywhere,
Almost indefinite as air:
All places need the fanning breeze,
.To dissipate the rank disease.
Vice—(not like beasts for show—confin’ d)
Runs mad at large, and bites mankind:
Alike the taint infects the brain |
Of those that dwell in court and plain:
The same wild fury acts the will
In different ways, with different skill.
PART 11] FABLES. 291



A starving Kite, upon a bar
(Worn out with long fatigues of war),
Whose pointed claws, and hooked bill,
Shew’d his profession was to kill,
Thus grieving spoke in doleful strain :
(Your heart will pity and disdain)—

“ How blind is everything on earth!
And how injurious to my worth!
Tho’ all the cote my sorrow see,
No dove will help me with a pea:
ffob’s field they robb’d a month together,
I never hurt a single feather ;
The lark, whom I secure to rest
(I slew the snake that robb’d her nest),
Will not a little worm supply ;
But would rejoice to see mé die.
No crow invites me to a treat,
Tho’ what I kill’d he often eat.
Man, were he grateful, would determine
My merit in destroying vermin ;
And make me happy to the last,
In justice to my service past.
But man, that thankless wretch is he,
Prefers yon Nightingale to me,”

“ Alas! (the Nightingale replies)
T own my little merit lies
In innocence and tender cares
About my family affairs ;
Or chaunting soft a pretty tale,
To please my neighbours of the vale ;
Perhaps we gratitude may want,
Because you are too arrogant:
292

FABLES. [PART III.

Your worth, display’d with all your skill,
Lies chiefly in omitting ill ;

And only then for want of power

To seize the dove you would devour.
There’s not a lark that flies, but knows
You long to grasp her in your claws.
The crow you never meant to treat; _
You left him what you could not eat;
And man, who most a villain needs,

. Detests you for your wicked deeds.

You pilfer duckling, game, and chicken,
Which furnish man with dainty picking.
There’s not a poacher roams the wood,
But who would shoot you, if he could.”

Just had he said ; forth pops a spark,
With gun and spaniel from the park ;
The Kite he kens, with levell’d gun,
And brings the bloody boaster down.

Thus justly villains are repaid,
Who follow mischief as'a trade:
Who merit can pretend alone,
When cruel work is to be done,
To crush their kindred sort of men
With sword, with halter, or with pen ;
Whose hollow merit is, at best,
To seem the most, and be the least ;
Who own no right, pursue no guide,
But only interest or pride ;

Or both together do prefer,
To run most certainly to err.
‘Such always claim beyond their due,
And always think you wrong them too 3.


PART TIL] FABLES. 293



Do all the wrong, yet most complain,
Whene’er they spread the net in vain;
Or bait a hook that fails to catch

The simple trout for which they watch ;
And innocence, with squint and frown,
Condemn for vices all their own.



Fasir XXII.

The Faur Bulls,

RIENDSHIP! source of bliss sedate,
Best balm for all the wounds of fate!

’Tis thine the sinking heart to raise,
When love retires, and health decays;
Unmisx’d with thy sublimer fire,
Love’s but a fev’rish low desire,
And ill the self-destroying flame
Deserves that soft angelic name. —
204

FABLES. [PART IU.



Oh! could this verse, this fabling lay,
Extend or but confirm thy sway!
Or, warn’d by this, if only one
Thy foes’ destructive arts shall shun!

Since dangers rise with every sun,
With ev’ry sand united run;
Four Bulls, by mutual vows ally’d,
The morrow’s unknown ills defy’d;
As one they mov'd, they fought, they fed,
And safety rose by union bred,
Nor this alone the good they found,
The private bliss of each went round ;
Hence doubly bless’d the gen’rous heart,
Which scorns the bliss it can’t impart.
From day to day the Lion came,
But matters still appear’d the same:
This smote his inmost soul with grief,
For much he long’d for faw’rite beef ;
What can he do? he fears to wage
Unequal war, and four engage.
Thought follows thought—he finds in vain:
Yet thought to thought succeeds again.
Half-form’d resolves, and embryo schemes,
And all the train of statesmen’s dreams,
With conflict rude disturb. his mind,
To this nor that success inclin’d.
Suspense presides with fluttering wings,
From which she shakes a thousand stings,

In this disastrous doubting case, |
The Fox appears—with thinking face ;
On him his royal master laid
His load of care, secure of aid ;
PART IIL] . FABLES. 295



Who paus’d a while with sober grace,
Then thus refin’d upon the case :—

Not things of moment most, I find,
Have broke the union of the mind;
Ev’n mere mistakes, that pet or pride
Have made, the sacred band divide,
And deepest enmities arise.

From trifling things among the wise,

In friendship, slight’s the deepest wound,
And that is fancy’d more than found.
These hints improv’d, our ends may gain,
The Bulls divided, count ’em slain ;

The Lion, pleas’d, reply’d, he knew

The Fox could forge a lie—or two;
Which he opin’d, in points like this,
Would not be very much amiss.

Here wiser Reynard shook his head,
And this would never do, he said:
’Tis ours to make these foolish elves,
My lord, be liars to themselves :
Suspicion rais’d, the very eye
Will unsuspected gravely lie,

And, when a friend it shall survey,

Th’ idea of a foe display,

As you shall see Away he flew,
And, to the friends as near he drew,

He smooth’d his brow, he coin’d a smile,
And put on all the masks of guile.
Then whispers one with friendly nod,
“Mark, is not yon behaviour odd?

The Bull must surely mean affront,

His tail is next you—fie upon’t !


296

FABLES, [PART IIT



How slighting that! and there’s another _
Can scarce some high resentment smother ;

' He snorts, he paws, and fain would shew

By vengeance whence his troubles flow.
The third, how dull! regardless still,
What fate you prove, or good or ill.”
Appearance (treach’rous witness) here
Confirms the sounds that cheat his ear;
Suspicion soon alarm’d, and pride,

At once, to self the whole apply’d.

The Bull withdraws, resolv’d as due,
They first for his return should sue,

The Fox returns, and boasts his arts,

' And to his liege the truth imparts:

“The Bull who turn’d his tail so rude,
Meant only not his ear t’ intrude ;
And he that spurn’d so fierce the ground
With anguish felt a hornet wound.
The third, the downy turf who prest,
Sought but the sweets of peaceful rest.
But come; to his remote retreat

T’ll guide my royal master’s feet.”
They go; the victim mourns too late
His absent friends and helpless state.
And slain, the Fox exulting cries,
“Not one but all shall be our prize.”

Away he goes, and thus again
Infus’d soft flatt’ry, deadly bane!
“Great sir (says he to one), I swear
Your friends are rude, indeed they are;
Friendship a decent due respect
Should, rather than destroy, protect,
PART IIL] FABLES. 297



Superior far to these you rise,

The wise affirm: we trust the wise;
Your nobler port, your fier wit,

All with united voice admit ;

And yet no just distinction’s made
No deference shewn, no homage paid.
I wonder at your choice, but here
*Tis silence best becomes my sphere,
Tho’ might your slave presume to tell
What all the forest thinks as well,
‘These are perhaps the only Two
With whom your worth would lose its due.”

The Bull (how easy praise deceives !)
’ With pleasure hears, with pride believes ;
Puts on the lofty looks and airs
Which humble merit never wears,
To treat him as an equal now
Inflames his heart, contracts his brow;
' ’Tis envy, or, ’tis worse, ’tis hate,

Denies due honour to his state;
He could not bear th’ affronts they gave,
They break his peace, they make him rave ;
They lov’d and they rever’d, he thought, ©
Less than the wretches knew they ought;
And (as is usual) storm’d and swore
That they might love and rev’rence more.
His friends, alarm’d, in deep amaze
On him, and on each other, gaze,
Disgust, in either’s bosom bred,
Was shewn as diff’ring tempers led,
One bold and warm the taunts returns,
And with contagious anger burns,
298

FABLES. [PART IIL.



Than this, not plagues are sooner caught,

Nor with more dreadful evils fraught,

The other, meek, in secret pines,

And friends he could not keep resigns ; :
Resigns, tho’ late, with yearning heart,

And mourns persuasion’s useless art.

Retiring now he leaves the fray,

The Fox still mark’d his pensive way,

The Lion found and seiz’d his prize,

And, like the first, the second dies,

The two who yet alive remain,
In dreadful conflict shake the plain;
The Fox observes the doubtful fight,
One drops—he smiles with fell delight ;
Flies with the joyful news, and brings
The King to take what’s now the King’s, |
Faint, breathless, bleeding on the ground,
The hapless victor soon they found ;
He falls an unresisting prey,
And crowns the triumphs of the day.

This tale a sage once told his son,
And thus apply’d it when he’d done :-—~

“Do you, my child, with unsuspecting eye,
O’erlook what others labour to descry;
Kind to all faults, and to all failings blind;

Be you the last to think affronts design’d,
Cold seems thy friend ?—by the severest laws
Thy conduct try, to find the latent cause.

Let thy heart pant for universal praise,

Such as, unbrib’d, to virtue, virtue pays.

Is this withheld ? try evry winning art

To melt the hard, to soothe the froward heart,
PART III] FABLES, 209



Sue for esteem—to all but fawning bend,
Whom this will purchase is a worthless friend ;
But scorn the thought as vainest of the vain, .
That what good-nature loses, pride will gain,
Less than your merit does your friend approve ?
Still merit more—his love constrain with love. -
This conduct try’d remains he still the same?
Learn you to pity what the world will blame. .
The gen’ral censure, his neglect ensures,

Thy honour brightens and thy praise secures,”













FaBLe XXITT,
The Wepper-Boxr and Salt-Cellar,

HE ’squire had din’d alone one day,

And Tom was call’d to take away:

Tom clear’d-the board with dextrous art:
But, willing to secure a tart,
300

FABLES. {PART IIL



The liquorish youth had made an halt,

And left the pepper-box and salt

Alone upon the marble table:

Who thus, like men, were heard to squabble. °

Pepper began, “Pray, sir,” says he,
“What business have you here with me?
Is’t fit that spices of my birth
Should rank with thee, thou scum of earth?
I’d have you know, sir, I’ve a spirit
Suited to my superior merit—

Tho’ now, confin’d within this caster,

T serve a Northern Gothic master ;

Yet born in Yava’s fragrant wood,

To warm an Eastern monarch’s blood,
The sun those rich perfections gave me, -
Which tempted Dutchmen to enslave me.

“Nor are my virtues here unknown,
Tho’ old and wrinkled now I’m grown,
Black as I am, the fairest maid
Invokes my stimulating aid,

To give her food the poignant flavour,
And, to each sauce, its proper savour,
Pasties, ragouts, and fricassees,
Without my seasoning, fail to please:
Tis I, like wit, must give a zest,

And sprightliness to ev’ry feast.

“ Physicians too my use confess ;
My influence sagest matrons bless ;
When drams prove vain, and cholics teaze,
To me they fly for certain ease.
Nay, I fresh vigour can dispense,
And cure ev’n age and impotence:
PART III.] FABLES, 301



And when of dulness wits complain, .
I brace the nerves, and clear the brain.

“But to the ’squire here, I appeal—
He knows my real value well:
Who, with one pepper-corn content,
Remits the vassal’s annual rent—
Hence then, Sir Brine, and keep your distance,
Go lend the scullion your assistance ;
For culinary uses fit,
To salt the meat upon the spit;
Or just to keep our meat from stinking—
And then—a special friend to drinking!”

“Your folly moves me with surprise,”
The silver tripod thus replies, ,
“Pray, Master Pepper, why so hot?
First cousin to. the mustard-pot !
What boots it how our life began?
°’Tis breeding makes the Gentleman ;
- Yet would you search my pedigree,
- I rose like Venus from the sea:
The sun, whose influence you boast,
Nurs’d me upon the British coast.

“The chymists know my rank and place,
When nature’s principles they trace :
And wisest moderns yield to me
The elemental monarchy.
By me all nature is supply’d
With all her beauty, all her pride!
In vegetation I ascend;
To animals their vigour lend ;
Corruption’s foe, I life preserve,
And stimulate each slacken’d nerve.
302

FABLES. [PART 11.



I give jonquils their high perfume ;

The peach its flavour, rose its bloom:
Nay, I’m the cause, when rightly trac’d,
Of Pepper's aromatic taste.

“Such claims you teach me to produce; _
But need I plead my obvious use,
In seasoning all terrestrial food ;
When heaven declares, that Salt is good.

“Grant then, some few thy virtues find ;
Yet Salt gives health to all mankind :
Physicians sure will side with me,

While cooks alone shall plead for thee:
In short, with all thine airs about thee,
The world were happier far without thee.”

The ’squire, who all this time sat mute,
Now put an end to their dispute: ,
He rung the bell—bade Tom convey
The doughty disputants away—

The Salt, refresh’d by shaking up,
At night did with his master sup:
The Pepper, Tom assign’d his lot
With vinegar, and mustard pot:

A fop with bites and sharpers join’d,
And, to the side-board, well confin’d.
PART Ut.] FABLES, . 303









Fasrre XXIV.

Che Sheep and the Wramble-Bush.

THICK-TWISTED brake in the time of a
Seem’d kindly to cover a sheep: [storm,
So snug, for a while, he lay shelter’d and warm,
It quietly sooth’d him asleep.

The clouds are now scatter’d—the winds are at peace,
The sheep ’s to his pasture inclin’d ;

But ah! the fell thicket lays hold of his fleece,
His coat is left forfeit behind,

My friend, who the thicket of law never tried,
Consider before you get in;

Tho’ judgment and sentence are pass’d on your side,
By Jove, you'll be fleec’d to your skin.
304 FABLES. (PART lr.





FABLE XXV.

The Blackbird and Bulfinch.

ERCH’D on a poplar’s verdant spray,

A Blackbird sung the hours away ;
Charm’d all around, and seem’d to call
On echo from his Lordship’s hall.
Confin’d in state a Bullfinch there,
The melting music chanc’d to hear—
Bursting with envy, silence broke,
And thus from gilded cage he spoke :—.

“Cease, bungler, thy discordant noise, -
Untun’d thy throat, and harsh thy voice;
How dar’st thou, vagrant, as thou art,

To me thy dissonance impart?
Know’st thou I sing by studied rules,
And brag the learning of the schools?
Soft rapture to the heart convey,
And: charm the list’ning soul away?
PART III] FABLES. 305°



To please my Lord, and soothe his cares,

I warble soft Italian airs ;

Which he in gratitude repays

With costly food, and gen’rous praise:
Whilst thou, condemn’d through air to rove,.
Or hide thee in the gloomy grove,
To feebly suck thy beverage scant,

And pine in endless care and want;

To rocks and woods thy tale belongs,

Fit audience for thy stupid songs!

Away! no more my palace dun,

Or Dick, or Tom, shall fetch the gun.”

He ceas’d—The fable bird returns
(With rising scorn his bosom’burns),
“ Thou little lordling, void of sense,
Dar’st thou, imperious, warn me hence ?
Know, parasite, thy threats are nought,
Nor boast thy cage too dearly bought :

' Above the frigid rules of art,

Tis nature's dictates I impart ;
Nor ever prostitute my lays,
But grateful sing my Maker’s praise ;
Whilst echoing o’er the hills and plains,
I cheer the nymphs and lab’ring swains ;
Whether the rising notes I swell,
Or lightly load the passing gale;
With bolder music fill the grove,
Or gently call my mate to love:
Whether the joys of summer sing,
Or chant the beauties of the spring ;
The varied notes still new appear,
And sweet transition charms the ear:
306

FABLES, [PART III.



Whilst thou, puff’d up with self-conceit,
And idle thoughts of being great, —
Nor freedom canst thyself allow,

Nor give to others what is due ;

But pedant-like, in pride, elate

(With notions, as thy prison, strait),.
Think’st thou alone can urge the strain,

‘Thy boasted learning then, how vain !

Attend this truth, and know for once,
That karning ne'er unmade the dunce.”




———



a
v










































Ay

UD ee am



is ai, i:

lai lil




ay
(Os
2
FABLE XXVT,
The Conceited Flv.

WAS inthe charming month of May
(No matter, critics, for the day),
When PHOEBUS had his noon attain’d,
And in his blaze of glory reign’d ;
A FLY as gay as e’er was seen,
Clad o’er in azure, jet, and green;
PART IL] FABLES. 307



Gay, for his part, as birthday beau,
Whose soul is vanish’d into show ;
On PAUL’s famed temple chanc’d to light,
To ease his long laborious flight :
There, as his optics gaz’d around
(An inch or two their utmost bound),
He thus began:—‘ Men vainly tell
How they in works of skill excel:
This edifice they proudly show

To prove what human art can do;
*Tis all a cheat—before my eyes
What infinite disorders rise!

HERE hideous cavities appear,

And broken precipices THERE:

They never us’d the plane or line,
But jumbled heaps without design,”

He ceas’d contemptuous ;—and as FLIES
Discern with microscopic eyes,
From what he saw he reason’d right,
But how inadequate the sight !
To mark the building from its base,
The pillar’d pomp, the sculptur’d grace,
The dome, the cross, the golden ball,
Much less the grand result of all!

So impious WITS, with proud disdain,
REDEMPTION’S hidden ways arraign,
Deem it beneath a BEING wise,

And, judging with their insect eyes,
View but a part, and then deny

Th’ ETERNAL WISDOM of the sky.
But can thy ken, presumptuous man,
Unfold this deep and wondrous plan?
308 FABLES. [PART IIL



As well might insect organs see

Th’ harmonious structure rais’d by thee,
. As thine imperfect tube explore

This wise and gracious system o'er.

FINTS.



- 3 wl >
Pte SHE
aiken
THE INDEX.

PART IL

Ass and his Master

Ant and Caterpillar —

Bee and the Fly

Bear and the Bees . . :
Bear and Two Friends . ; 7
Belly and the Limbs ;

Beggar and his Dog

Blind Man and Lame

Boy and the Nettle

Butterfly and the Rosé

Clock and the Dial —

Country Maid and the M ith-Pail -

Daw with borrowed Feathers

Dog and the Crocodile ;

Eagle and the Crow —

Eagle and the Owl

fortune and School-bay

fox and the Bramble

fox and the Stork . .
Genius, Virtue, and Reputation «
flerimit and the Bear .
Huron and Frenchman

Industry and Sloth — ;
Fupiter’s Lottery +» ~~ ss

Lion and the Guat :

Lion, Bear, Monkey, and Foxy : ms SP os
Lion and the Ass .« “2. ; ‘
Lion, Tiger, and Fox Se . .
Miller, his Son, and Ass .

Mock-bird . — 2

Oak and the Willow .

PAGE
25
52

dr
31
33

61

47
60

40
23
27
43
36

63
15
18
12
16
54
22
48
29
28

5I
32
310 INDEX.



: PAGE
Partial Fudge. 7 . . ; . 20
Passenger and Pilot . . : : : 19
Sick Lion, Fox, and Sad 7 : : . 45
Snipe Shooter . : : : : 50
Spider and Silkworm . ' : . : 10
Sun and the Wind : . . . : 59
Tortoise and Two Crows. —. : , . 7
- Trees and the Bramble. 7 7 . : 65
Trumpeter : . ‘ . : : 30
Two Horses a . : . . : 49
Two Dogs . ‘ : . 7 : 57
Trouts and Gudgeon : . : ‘ ; 58
Two Lizards . . . : . : 53
Wasps and the Bees : . : : : 35
Wolfin Disgutse . . . : ' . 24
Wolf and the Lamb : . : : . 39
Wolf and Shepherds . ‘ 7 7 . 42
PART IL
Age to be Honoured : : : : ‘ 164
Ant and Fly : : . . : : 29
Ants and Grasshopper. : : . : 130°
Ass, Ape, and Mole . : . ri . 76
Bald Cavalier : : : : . : 132
Boar and Fox : . : ; . . 140
Boy and False Alarms. ‘ : . . gi
Boy and his Mother : a ee -. 218
Brother and Sister : Ge . 2 172
Cat and Fox . : : oS 201
City Mouse and Coe Mouse : : . - 69
Cock and the Fewel - “s ‘ : 7 67
Cock and Fox : ; : . : a 161
Collier and Fuller . . oe 6 . 216
Countryman and Snake . . : eo 100
Countryman and Ass : ‘ 7 , : 148
Crow and Pitcher . : 7 . . 180
Discontented Ass . ‘ ‘ ae ao : 142
Dog and the Shadow so . . ; 87
Dog, Cock, and Fox Ue ar . 128
Dog and Cat eM Se : < 134
Dog and Sheep. . . en : 209

Dog and Bee . eo yee en a Pe ee ee TA
INDEX.



Eagle, Cat, and Sow 7 .
father and his Sons 2 7
Fir and Bramble .

fox and the Crow

fox and Countryman

Fox and Ass

fox and Ape

fox and Grapes

Fox that had lost his Te ail

Guat and Bee .

flares and the Frogs :
Lflercules and Carter :
florseand Ass. . .
Husbandman and Stork .
Impertinent and pee

Foy and Sorrow

Fupiter and Herdsman

Mercury and Woodman

Mice in Council

Mountains in Labour

Old Man and Death

Old Houné .
One-cyed Stag

Peacock and Crane

Proud Frog

Satyr and Tf raveller

Seamen Praying to Saints .
Sick Father and ee .
Sick Kite . 7 ae
Scoffer Punished .

Shepherd and Young Wolf
Sparrow and Hare

Splenetic Traveller

Stag looking into the Water
Swan and Stork . ‘ .
Swallow and Spider . .
Thief and Dog . .
There’s no To-morrow

Two Frogs

Two Pots .

Two Young Men and Cook
Undutiful Yi oung Lion

Viper and File

Wanton Calf 7
Young Man and S' wallow 7

311

PAGE
158
93
106
73
10g
138
153
182
117
102
76
192
82
85
136
150
224.
14.
175
186
177
204,
III
89
211
T55
115

195
120
IIQ
199
166

97
123
126
190
226
188

197

.206

146
184.
221
169
312. INDEX.



PART Til.

A ea and Philosopher ;
Ant and Grasshopper
Bearsand Bees. . .
Beau and Butterfly :
Blackbird and Bullfinch .
Butterfly and Boy

Camelion . ,
Caterpillar and Butterfy
Cuckoo Traveller .

four Bulls: ‘

Conceited Fly

Goat and Fox :

founds in Couples
King-Dove

Kite and Nightingale

Lion and other Beasts in Council
Pepper-box and Salt-cellar
Philosopher and Glow-worm
Sheep and Bramble-bush .

Sow and Peacock .

Lhe Nightingale

Two Foxes

Three Warnings .

Trees *

Two Doves

Wolf and Dog

Fnac eee a IS
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EDINBURGH AND LONDON

PAGE
276
23r
269
267
304
239
250
257
229

306
284
241:
247°
290
278

* 299

274
303
244
235
237
253
271
263
233