Front Cover
 The gentle angler
 Robbie plays in the water
 Prairie fires
 The antelope, or prong-horn
 The little boy who went out to...
 What might have been expected
 The pony express
 The cheated mosquitoes
 The kittiwakes
 Jim Crow
 My friend the housekeeper
 Little Ben and the sunshine
 Pussy's class
 Fast friends
 Fifty pounds reward!
 The Peterkins' summer journey
 Old Dutch times in New York
 The story of the little red...
 The letter box
 The riddle box
 Back Cover

Group Title: St. Nicholas.
Title: St. Nicholas. September 18874.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00065513/00012
 Material Information
Title: St. Nicholas. September 18874.
Uniform Title: St. Nicholas
Alternate Title: Saint Nicholas
Physical Description: 68 v. : ill. ; 25-30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Dodge, Mary Mapes, 1830-1905
Publisher: Scribner,
Publication Date: September 1874
Subject: Children's literature
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 12 (Oct. 1875); title from cover.
General Note: Conducted by Mary Mapes Dodge.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00065513
Volume ID: VID00012
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - ocm0176
oclc - 7405657; (DLC)SF 89099153
oclc - (DLC) 2006255186; 55136171

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    The gentle angler
        Page 627
    Robbie plays in the water
        Page 628
    Prairie fires
        Page 629
    The antelope, or prong-horn
        Page 630
        Page 631
    The little boy who went out to swim
        Page 632
        Page 633
    What might have been expected
        Page 634
        Page 635
        Page 636
        Page 637
        Page 638
        Page 639
    The pony express
        Page 641
        Page 642
        Page 643
        Page 644
        Page 645
    The cheated mosquitoes
        Page 640
    The kittiwakes
        Page 646
    Jim Crow
        Page 647
        Page 648
        Page 649
    My friend the housekeeper
        Page 650
        Page 651
        Page 652
        Page 653
    Little Ben and the sunshine
        Page 654
        Page 655
    Pussy's class
        Page 656
        Page 657
    Fast friends
        Page 658
        Page 659
        Page 660
        Page 661
        Page 662
        Page 663
        Page 664
        Page 665
        Page 666
        Page 667
        Page 668
    Fifty pounds reward!
        Page 669
        Page 670
        Page 671
        Page 672
    The Peterkins' summer journey
        Page 673
    Old Dutch times in New York
        Page 674
        Page 675
        Page 676
        Page 677
        Page 678
        Page 679
    The story of the little red hen
        Page 680
        Page 681
        Page 682
        Page 683
    The letter box
        Page 684
        Page 685
    The riddle box
        Page 686
        Page 687
        Page 688
        Page 688a
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text


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VOL. I. SEPTEMBER, 1874. No. 11.



A LITTLE girl was once asked if she had ever a little frog for bait, he says to the fisherman, "Use
heard of the famous Isaac Walton. him as though you loved him," by which he meant
Oh, yes! she answered. "I know all about that the little frog was not to be hurt, if it was pos-
him. He was the man who invented fishing." sible to prevent it. There is a good deal that
Although this statement was far from being cor- might be said on this bait subject, but we will not
rect, we cannot wonder very much at the mistake say it now, because we don't want to think about
of the little girl. anything else but old Isaac's simple-hearted tender-
For more than two hundred years, good old ness and gentle ways. Everybody seemed to love
Isaac has been so much talked of and written about him and to like to read the books he wrote, because
in connection with fishing, that it is not very there was so much quaint and wholesome philos-
strange that he should sometimes get the credit of ophy in them.
being the first one to find out how to catch fish The very fish, if they knew enough in those
with a hook and line. days, could not have helped loving him; for, al-
He has been called "The Common Father of though he caught them, he did it as tenderly as he
all Anglers; and this is a very good title for him. could, and that is all that can be expected of a
He was a sort of Washington among anglers: fisherman.
first by the stream, first to get a bite, and first in We can imagine how the little fishes would talk
the hearts of all good fishermen, about him (if they talked in those days), when they
Isaac Walton was born in England in 1593, in saw him come down to the river-bank early in the
the month of August, when there is generally morning, with his rod and line and box of bait.
pretty good fishing. We are not told much about Ho ho one of them would say. Here
his early days, but I suppose he toddled down to comes the good Isaak (it was spelt with a k in
the brook with his little hook and line at a very those days), and he wants to catch some of us."
early age, just as Mozart played on the piano when And so, very naturally, they would all move away
he could scarcely reach the keys. He grew up to from the bank, so as to give the good Isaac plenty
be a great fisherman and a very good man. He of room to throw out his line. And when the cork
loved to wander through the green fields and by had been floating idly for some time, and the bait
the streams, in the beautiful country where he had dangled on the hook until there was danger
lived, and there he used to sit and fish and think that it would be spoiled by the water, one of them
how lovely the blue skies and the green trees were, would nudge another, and say:
and what a delightful thing it was to sit in the "It's too bad to treat the poor man so. See!
shade by the river-side and read, or fish, or muse he has gone to reading. One of us ought to give
thankfully on the bounties of Nature. him a nibble, at any rate. Don't you want to go,
Although he fished so much, he was always very Specklesides, and give his bait a little pull ? We
gentle and kind, even to his bait. He never caused ought n't to neglect him this way, and he so kind
needless suffering to a worm or a fly. He wrote a and good "
book about angling, and when he tells how to use "Don't let me hinder you," Specklesides would
VOL. I.--41.


say. If you want to take the first bite, Supple- rods and hooks and baits and lines and sinkers, and
fin, I don't mind waiting." And then they would where to go and when he ought to go there, and
contend in this friendly manner until at last Supple- how to accommodate himself to the humor of the
fin would say: fish,-and how to wait.a long time and to be thankful
"Well, it's too bad If none of you will go, when at last he got fish enough for supper.
I'11 take the first bite myself. I'm sure that if we And whether it rained or shone, or was cold or
were as good as he is, we would n't like to be warm, or whether the fish bit gaily or never even
treated so." nibbled, the good Isaac fished, and reflected on
And he would swim up and take the least little moral subjects and the beauties of Nature; and if
bite, and at that instant all the other fishes would he sang a song as he walked over the field, it was
sing out, "There goes Supplefin!" as the good often such a song as this:
Isaac jerked him out of the water. And as the
gentle angler would hold the little fish in his hand When the timorous trout I wait
To take, and he devours my bait,
and tenderly take the hook from between his teeth, How poor a thing sometimes I find,
we can almost imagine that the good-natured Will captivate a greedy mind.
Supplefin smiled with pleasure to find himself so And when none bite, I praise the ise,
Whom vain allurements ne'er surprise.
kindly treated. If one were a fish, and had to be
caught, who would not be caught by so good a man? If he had not been a very moral fisherman, he
Isaac lived to be ninety, and he must have caught never would have thought of singing a song like
a great many fish in his time. He knew all about that.



ONE day, Robbie came running wildly into the Mamma went to the back door to see him. First
house. he put one little white foot in, and paddled a min-
"Oh, Mamma!" he exclaimed, "rain's all gone ute, and then the other went in, and, in half a
away, 'cept a nice little lake in the back yard, and minute, he ran through, laughing aloud in his
I feel like playing in it-I do, really." happiness. But he was very careful not to spatter.
Oh, Robbie! said Mamma, ruefully, looking So Mamma said:
at his clean linen suit, you'll get very wet." Robbie, you need n't be careful about those
Oh, no, I wont 1" he cried. I'11 go 'thout clothes. You may spatter as much as you like."
any shoes, and be just as careful." Then I wish you could have seen him. The
Rather than bring a cloud on the happy little reckless way in which he dashed through the water,
face, Mamma said she would go and see about it. splashing it up with his knees at every step, and
So she went to a back window and looked out. It calling on Mamma to see the whole crowd of
had rained all the morning, and one part of the sprinkles." Then the happiness with which he sat
grassy yard that was lower than the rest, held a down in the very middle, and scattered the water
little pond of clean water. It did look very cool about with his hands till it poured off his shining
and tempting, so Mamma said: brown hair in little streams, and he was just drip-
"Well, I'll put some other clothes on you, and ping from head to foot!
let you go for awhile." Meanwhile, Mamma, who sat on the steps watch-
Oh, goody shouted Robbie, dancing around ing him, enjoyed it as much as he did.
in glee. What kind of clothes?" During the fun, Harry-who lived in the next
Oh, you'll see." And Mamma went to a trunk house-chanced to come to the window of his nur-
in her closet, and brought out a brown suit that sery, and was perfectly horrified.
was so faded and shabby that Robbie laughed when "Why, Robbie he called out, you '11 get all
he saw it. In about two minutes all his clean wet "
clothes lay across a chair, and away ran Robbie As he was already soaked, it was highly probable
dressed in the faded suit, with the trousers rolled that he would. Robbie looked up indignantly.
up as high as they would go. Course I will. I'm all wet now."

1874.] PRAIRIE FIRES. 629

You'll catch it when your mamma sees you," "'T aint a regular one,-it's a play one."
Harry went on comfortingly. "Now, Robbie," said Mamma from the steps,
Catch what ? asked Robbie, innocently, add- "you 've been in long enough."
ing immediately, Come over here, Harry, and Robbie came slowly out of the water.
let's play we were gooses taking a baf." May I come in again, Mamma ?"
"My mamma don't 'low me to play in the "Yes, to-morrow-if the water does n't go away,"
water," said Harry, primly; "it wets my nice said Mamma.
clothes, and, 'sides, little gentlemen don't want to Then she took him in at the basement door, and
be all dirty and wet, like street boys." bade him stand on the rug while she pulled off his
Robbie had no reply to make to this unanswer- wet clothes, rubbed him all dry with a towel,
able argument, so he went on splashing. In a mo- rinsed off his little soft feet, and dressed him up all
ment, Harry spoke again: clean again.
Do you like it, Robbie ? "Mamma," said he, while she was leaning over
Robbie answered by giving such a tremendous to button his shoes, I've got some clean kisses
flopping and splashing, that for a few seconds you for you. Don't you want some clean kisses ? "
could hardly tell which was boy and which was water. Of course I do," said Mamma, leaning ovei,
I hate to take a baf! was Harry's next re- while two little cool, soft arms went around her
mark, evidently to persuade himself that he neck, and a dozen little cool, soft kisses fell on her
would n't enjoy the frolic himself, lips.
Robbie looked up in surprise, the water trickling Mamma, you're the bestest girl I ever saw,'
down his nose and sparkling on his eyelashes, said he at last.



THE autumn frost begins to blight, Now, farmers, guard your hoarded grain;
But here and there late blossoms linger; The flames are wider, fiercer growing,
The maple leaves are glowing bright, And urging on the fiery train,
Red-painted all by Autumn's finger. The raging wind is wildly blowing.

The birds are gone; the chill wind grieves The sun sinks low, the waning light
Among the dry and withered grasses, Is fading fast from hills and meadows;
And showers of gold or scarlet leaves The night, so strangely, grandly bright,
It flings from every tree it passes. Mantles the earth in fitful shadows.

But, see, a spark has fallen there Now fiercer still the wild winds blow-
Among the grasses of the prairie; The sky the fiery color catches;
And high and higher in the air And brighter yet the red flames glow,
The flames are leaping light and airy. And wide the blackened prairie stretches.


,2 ": ,.



A PARTY of my friends were starting down the Nothing of it," said he, "only I was going to
Platte river to see their herds of cattle. say that when a wolf tries to catch a young ante-
Don't you want to go along with us?" said lope, the old one takes her young into the middle
Calvin. We may get some antelope." of one of these great prickly-pear beds. You see,
The idea of riding and camping and story-telling the thorns don't hurt the antelope's hoofs at all;
and hunting for a week seemed charming just but Mr. Wolf can't set his paw on them, any way
then, so, with blankets and rifle, I joined the party. he can fix it. So the young antelope stands be-
In an hour we came in sight of the river, of which tween the mother's feet till the wolf leaves."
some traveler has said, It is navigable only for a Some three miles from the river, we came to the
shingle," so sandy is its bed and so changing its haunts of the game. We became silent, and
currents. All day we followed the river bottom, peeped carefully over each ridge to see if any ante-
now near the water, now a mile away from it. In lopes were to be seen. Soon we separated, with
the ox-bows," or bends of the river, the grass was the understanding that if a group of antelopes were
growing abundantly, and thousands and tens of found, a signal should be given for the whole party
thousands of sleek kine were feeding there. to come. In half-an-hour, Dana was seen to wave
Near the high lands, we saw great numbers of his hand, and we rejoined him at once. He told
prairie dogs and little owls, living in the same holes, us that in the next hollow four antelopes were feed-
The dogs wagged their tails, and, barking with ing.
great energy, ran into their houses; the owls, old Noiselessly we crept to the little eminence before
and young, toddled in, too, when we approached. us, keeping our eyes wide open for thorns and
Toward evening we saw tallblue cranes alighting rattlesnakes. Within sixty.yards of us stood two
on the sand-bars. Flocks of ducks arose from the old antelopes and two beautiful and graceful little
water and fled from the hawks. Jack-rabbits ones, that did not seem larger than cats, only their
bounded queerly from our path, and a little way legs were much longer. The old ones were about
off, turned to see what we intended to do. We three feet high, with bodies about the size of those
saw two wolves sneaking among the bluffs, but of sheep. They made a very pretty tableau, but
never an antelope, quickly turned and bounded away, the little ones
The morning after we reached Dana's cattle- ahead, making no more noise than a cloud passing
camp, we went out early among the sand-hills for through the sky. Had not Dana been so polite,
antelopes. Just after daybreak they are busy feed- one of them might have been secured. But I was
ing, and then may be more easily approached than glad, after all, that we did not make a break in the
at other times of the day. happy family.
Look yonder! said Calvin. See what a We now agreed to hunt independently. During
mat of prickly pear the next half-hour we saw plenty of game 'in the
"What of it?" said I. "I have seen many such." distance. After a time, Dana and I met. Care-


lessly ascending a little sand-hill, we started up a In the month of June it is not a hard matter to
lonely buck. We so quickly sank upon the ground capture young antelopes. They are then so frail
that the animal had only a glimpse of us, and after and tender that a man on horseback soon overtakes
a sharp run, turned to satisfy its ever-eager curios- them. They are then taught to take milk from
ity as to what we were. My companion passed his a bottle, and soon become very tame. We saw
red handkerchief to me. several so tame that they would come at call. We
"Wave that," he whispered, "on the end of passed a turf cabin where there were five of these
your rifle. We'll try the Indian game on him. pretty pets, all with ribbons about the neck, and
Easy Wave it easy." one, a graceful doe, with a cherry-colored ribbon
Slowly I waved the flag to and fro, just in the tied about the tail. The Indian woman who owned
creature's sight, while Dana settled his body at full them, probably fearing our dog, opened the door
length upon the sand, and rested his Winchester and called them, when they very sedately filed into
rifle on an unoccupied ant-hill. the cabin.
The antelope now advanced a few steps, retreat- We have had a number of pet antelopes in
ed, turned and looked again. As we presented the the town where I live. Little "Billy" learned

=- -- '---" .-

same appearance, he became as curious concerning to know the milkman's bell, and would run a long
us as Blue Beard's wife about the forbidden room. way to meet the wagon that brought him his break-
Several times we thought he had seen enough of fast. It was interesting to see him come bounding
us, and was off. But no; his intense curiosity round a corner, his large, expressive eyes glancing
forced him nearer and nearer. Unused to hunting about, and his ears bent forward to catch the next
as I was, I became much excited. Had that ante- sound of the bell.
lope been an elephant, I don't believe I could have The winter before last was a terrible season for
hit it. I had what old hunters call buck fever." the poor antelopes. The snow lay upon the ground
Suddenly the buck exposed his side to us. Crack! for several months. Thousands of cattle perished.
went Dana's rifle and over went the antelope. The antelopes congregated in great flocks within a
We saw a herder on his pony, not far away, and few miles of town. From an eminence, five thou-
beckoned him to come near. Dana knew him, and sand could be seen at once. There were millions
asked him to pack our game to camp. But no of little holes in the snow where they had put their
sooner had we placed it behind the saddle, than the noses down to get the grass.
pony reared and plunged until he had dislodged his At last the poor creatures took refuge in the foot-
burden. So we cut off the haunches, and making hills of the Rocky Mountains, where feed was more
pack-horses of ourselves, took them to camp. abundant, and their troubles ceased.




-_ A LITTLE boy went out to swim
One pleasant day in June,
-And 'the 'fish all came to talk to
Ta TiaFammer afternoon-
Come own, dear little toy, they said,
S -'And let ius show to you -
The homes offi-li, merman and maid, .-
--nder the waters blue
-' .: -' __-
SWe ii show you where -the naiads sleep,
And where the tritons dwell; -
The treasures of the imknown deep
The coral and the shell
s s song r our ears,
0 ifyou to*1
fionsters shall se your fears, 7-
r agitate a t.
!Thes little boy was lad t
And all the company,
Of fish escorted him
A page-at brave to se
The pilot-fish swam anhea
The shark was at his beels h-
he dolphin a procession led ,
orpoise, whale, and eels:

trout, all brave in rTed and gold,
Many a caper cut.,
-T.And after them, came crowds unt old
Of cod and halibut,.

The blue-fish with the black-fish swam
Who knows the joy each felt?
0 The perch was escort to the clam,
he oyster to the smelt,
The muscalonge, from Northerni lake ,-
That leaps the harbor bar, -
Swam close 'by in the sturgeon's wake, -i
Famous for caviar !
the haddock flatea side by ide
With carp, from foreign shore,
And with them, through tile seething tide,
Went scollops by the score,
The swordfish, like a soldier brae,
His sabre flashing bare,


t-he swelling ocean. wavei -
th d and martial air. --
J ; .. -- _: :.. .: .v- _-A f R
went trembling downi-tt
tar sh mildly beamed; -
A ou the waves, like diamoncs thrown, --

The sea-bass ~jk ass% pike and dat
Went dashir :like mad c
The. sheep's-hei1 h-his lamb-like f*re,
.-- Swam by the graceful shad.

The pickerel leaped and a
TheT frog-r .h puffed and Il,,:-;I
Th be herring in a cun-n, throin

e aes sailed a Dutchl_,=tI-M5 7
On port and starboard tac
While through their ranks, wiu ca"r m
'Darted the stick ,kbjcl ' -

he n obter clawed along
With others of their kin,
And in their company a throne --
Of lively terrapin, -

The bull-pouts, dressed I TEblack:and drab
"With horns and vi age grim,
Pi'eceded the meandering crab; ~' -- -'
the mackerel, followed him. -. -
a- pde hir coa o
Shiners, vith sd\er ,st.
----"--~ 1 (' = "" White-fish and wa ish at th tail,
wa onywitl all the rest,

, The royal turbot, true and tried
Subject of England's queen,
Sailed on in regal pomp and
With whitebait and sardine.

The knightly salmon, king of
Without reproach or fear,
The noblest fish a man could
ami bringing up the rear.

us they reac ed the mermaid's cave,
,with a heartfelt joy
bright home beneath1th ---,




CHAPTER XXVI. "Ise afraid dese chillen aint a-gwine to hold
A GRAND PROPOSITIONout," said she. I don know but what I 'd better
go 'long to the poorhouse, arter all. And there 's
THE summer vacation was now over, and the that money I put inter de company. I aint seen
Board of Managers of the telegraph company, as nothing' come o' dat ar money yit."
well as the other boys of the vicinity, were obliged How much did you put in, Aunt Matilda?"
to go to school again and study something besides asked Mrs. Loudon.
the arts of making money and transacting tele- "Well, I need n't be a-sayin' jist how much it
graphic business. But as there was not much was; but it was solid silver, anyway, and I don't
business of this kind to be done, the school inter- reckon I '11 ever see any of it back again. But it
fered with the company's affairs in little else than don't differ much. Ise an old woman, and them
the collection of money due from private individuals chillen is a-doin' their best."
for telegraphic services rendered during the late "Yes, they are," said Mrs. Loudon; "and I
"rise" in the creek. The committee which had think they're doing very well, too. You have n't
charge of this collection labored very faithfully for suffered for anything lately, have you ? "
some time, and before and after school and during Well, no," said the old woman, I can't say
the noon recess, the members thereof made frequent that I've gone hungry or nuthin; but I was only
visits to the houses of the company's debtors. As a-gittin afraidd I might. Dis hyar 'tic'lar way o'
there were not more than half-a-dozen debtors, it doin' things makes a person scary."
might have been supposed that the business would I am glad that Kate is particular," said Mrs.
be speedily performed. But such was not the case. Loudon. You know, Aunt Matilda, that money
Mr. Darby, the storekeeper, paid his bill promptly; is n't very plenty with any of us, and we all have
and old Mr. Truly Matthews, who had telegraphed to learn to make it go as far as it will. I don't
to Washington, to a nephew in the Patent Office think you need feel 'scary,' if Kate's economy is
Department, "just to see how it would go," paid all you have to fear."
what he owed on the eighth visit of Wilson Ogden This interview somewhat reassured Aunt Matilda,
to his house. He had not seen how it would go," but she was not altogether satisfied with the state
for his nephew had not answered him, either by of things. The fact was that she had supposed
telegraph or mail, and he was in no hurry to pay that the telegraph company would bring in so
up, but he could not stand that boy opening his much money that she would be able to live in what
gate three times a day." As for the rest, they to her would be a state of comparative luxury.
promised to settle as soon as they could get some And instead of that, Kate had been preaching
spare cash--which happy time they expected would economy and systematic management to her. N6
arrive when they sold their tobacco. wonder she was disappointed, and a little out of
It is to be supposed that no one ever bought humor with her young guardians.
their tobacco, for they never paid up. But for all that, if Harry or Kate had fallen into
The proceeds of the five days of telegraphing, a fiery crater, Aunt Matilda would have hurried in
together with the money obtained by the sale of after them as fast as her old legs would have carried
Harry's gun, were spent by Kate for Aunt Matilda's her.
benefit; and as she knew that it might be a good She went back to her cabin, after awhile, and
while before there would be any more money cor- she continued to have her three meals a day all the
ing, Kate was as economical as she could be. same as usual; but if she could have seen, as Kate
It was all very proper and kind to make the old saw, how steadily the little fund for her support
woman's income hold out as long as possible, but was diminishing day by day, she would have had
Aunt Matilda did not like this systematic and some reason for her apprehensions.
economical way of living. It was too late in life It was on a pleasant Saturday in early Septem-
for her, she said, "to do more measurin' at a meal ber, that Harry stood looking over the front gate
than chewin';" and so she became discouraged, in his father's yard. Kate was at the dining-room
and managed, one fine morning, to hobble up to window, sewing. Harry was thinking, and Kate
see Mrs. Loudon about it. was wondering what he was thinking about. She


thought she knew, and she called out to him: They agree with me that it would be a good thing,
"I expect old Mr. Matthews would lend you a and we have determined, if it suits you and your
gun, Harry." company, that we will advance the money neces-
Yes, I suppose he would," said Harry, turning sary to carry out the scheme."
and slowly walking up towards the house; "but I 'm glad to hear that," said Harry; but, as
father told me not to borrow a gun from Truly I said before, you'll have to bear the whole ex-
Matthews. It's a shame, though, to stay here pense, and it will cost a good deal to carry the line
when the fields are just chock full of partridges. I from the creek all the way to Hetertown."
never knew them so plenty in all my life. It's just Yes, it will cost some money," said Mr. Mar-
the way things go." tin; "but our idea is that you ought to have a
It is a pity about your gun," said Kate. complete line while you are about it, and that it
There 's some one at the gate, Harry. Had n't ought to run from our mine to Hetertown."

you better go and see what he wants? Father "From your mine to Hetertown!" exclaimed
wont be home until after dinner, you can tell him." Harry, in astonishment.
Harry turned. Yes," said Mr. Martin, smiling. That is the
It's Mr. Martin," said he, and he went down kind of a line that is really needed. You see, our
to the gate to meet him. business is increasing, and we are buying land
How do you do, Mr. President?" said Mr. which we intend to sell out in small farms, and so
Martin. I rode over here this morning, and expect to build up quite a little village out there in
thought I would come and see you." time. So you can understand that we would like
Harry shook hands with his visitor, and invited to be in direct communication with Richmond and
him to walk into the house; but after Mr. Martin the North. And if we can have it by means of
had dismounted and fastened his horse, he thought your line, we are ready to put the necessary funds
that the seat under the'catalpa tree looked so cool into the work."
and inviting, that he proposed that they should sit Harry was so amazed at this statement, that he
down there and have a little chat. could hardly find words with which to express him-
I have been thinking about the extension of self.
your telegraph line," said the manager of the mica Why, that would give us a regular, first-class
mine, "and have talked it over with our people. telegraph line he exclaimed.
thuh ol oeadseyu"tm.S o a nesadta ewudlk


Certainly," said Mr. Martin, "and that's the estimation by his neighbors), had the slightest ob-
only kind of a line that is really worth anything." jection to the boys' putting up their telegraph line
"I don't know what to think about it," said on their lands.
Harry. I did n't expect you to propose anything When Harry had secured the necessary promises,
like this." the construction of the line was commenced forth-
"Well," said Mr. Martin, rising, I must be with. The boys had very little trouble with it.
off. I had only a few minutes to spare, but I Mr. Martin got together a gang of men, with an
thought I had better come and make you this prop- experienced man to direct them, and came down
position. I think you had better lay it before your with them to Akeville, where Harry hired them;
Board of Managers as soon as possible, and if you and finding that the foreman understood the busi-
will take my advice, as a business man, you'll ness, he told him to go to work and put up the
accept our offer." line. When pay-days came around, Harry gave
So saying, he bid Harry good-bye, took off his each man an order for his money on the Mica Mine
hat to Kate, who was still looking out of the win- Company, and their wages were paid them by Mr.
dow, mounted his horse and rode away. Martin.
There was a meeting of the Board of Managers It was not very long before the line was con-
of the Crooked Creek Telegraph Company that structed and the instruments were in working order
afternoon. It was a full meeting, for Harry sent in Hetertown and at the Mica Mines. There was
hasty messengers to those he called the out-lying a person at the latter place who understood tele-
members." graphy, and he attended to the business at that
A more astonished body of officials has seldom end of the line, while Mr. Lyons worked the in-
been seen than was our Board when Harry laid the strument at the Hetertown station, which was in
proposition of Mr. Martin before it. the same building with the regular telegraph line.
But the boys were not so much amazed that they It was agreed that the Mica Company should
could not jump at this wonderful opportunity, and keep an account of all messages sent by them over
in a very short time it was unanimously voted to the line, and should credit the Crooked Creek
accept the proposition of the Mica Mine people, Telegraph Company with the amount due in pay-
and to build the great line. ment, after deducting necessary expenses, hire of
Almost as soon as this important vote had been operators and six per cent. on the capital advanced.
taken, the meeting adjourned, and the members Everything having been arranged on this basis,
hurried to their several homes to carry the news. the extended line went into operation, without re-
We '11 have to change our name," said Tom gard to the amount of water in the creek, and old
Selden to Harry. "We ought to call our company Miles carried no more telegrams to Hetertown.
'The United States Mica and Hetertown Lightning The telegraph business, however, became much
Express Line,' or something big like that." less interesting to Kate and the boys. It seemed
"Yes," replied Harry. The A I double ac- to them as if it had been taken entirely out of their
tion, back-spring, copper-fastened, broad-gauge hands, which was, indeed, the true state of the
telegraph line from here to the moon !" case. They were the nominal owners and directors
And away he ran to meet Kate, who was coming of the line, but they -had nothing to direct, and
down the road. very vague ideas about the value of the property
they owned.
CHAPTER XXVII. "I don't know," said Tom Selden, as he sat one
HOW SOMETHING CAME TO AN END. afternoon in Mr. Loudon's yard, with Harry and
Kate, whether we 've made much by this business
THE Mica Mine management appeared to be or not. Those Mica people keep all the accounts
thoroughly in earnest about this extension of the and do all the charging, and if they want to cheat
telegraph line. As soon as the assent of the Board us, I don't see what's to hinder them."
of Managers to the scheme had been communi- But you know," said Harry, that we can ex-
cated to them, they sent a note to Harry suggest- amine their accounts; and, besides, Mr. Lyons
ing that he should, in the name of his company, will keep a tally of all the messages sent, and I
get the written consent of owners of the lands over don't believe that he would cheat us."
which the line would pass to the construction of No; I don't suppose he would," said Tom;
said line on their property. This business was "but I liked the old way best. There was more
soon settled, for none of the owners of the farms fun in it."
between the mines and Hetertown, all of whom "Yes, there was," said Kate; "and then we
were well acquainted with Mr. Loudon (and no helped old Lewston and Aunt Judy. I expect
man in that part of the country was held in higher they '11 miss the money they got for rent."


"Certainly," said Harry. They'll have to assuming all debts and liabilities, and to pay there-
deny themselves many a luxury in consequence of for the sum of three hundred and fifty dollars in
the loss of that dollar a month." cash !
"Now you're making fun," said Kate; "but *
twelve dollars a year is a good deal to those poor Two days afterward, the line was formally sold
people." to the Mica Company, and the Crooked Creek Tele-
I suppose it is," said Harry. In fifty years, graph Company came to an end.
it would be six hundred dollars, if they saved it all When accounts were settled, Aunt Matilda's
up, and that is a good deal of money, even to us share of the proceeds of the sale were found to
rich folks." amount to two hundred and sixty-two dollars and
"Rich said Kate. We're so dreadfully fifty cents, which Kate deposited with Mr. Darby
rich that I have only forty-two cents left of Aunt for safe keeping.
Matilda's money, and I must have some more very It was only the sky that now looked blue to
soon." Harry and Kate.
The consequence of this conversation was that The Akeville people were a good deal surprised
Harry had to ride over to the mica mines, and get at this apparently singular transaction on the part
a small advance on the payment due at the end of of the Mica Company, but before long, their reas-
the month, ons for helping the boys to put up their line and
The end of the month arrived, and the settle- then buying it, became plain enough.
ment was made. When the interest on the money The Mica Company had invested a large capital
advanced to put up the line, hire of operators and in mines and lands; and the business required tele-
other expenses had been deducted from the amount graphic communication with the North. The man-
due the Crooked Creek Company, there was only agers knew that they might have a good deal of
two dollars and a-quarter to be paid to it! trouble to get permission to put up their line on
Harry was astounded. He took the money, rode the lands between the mines and Hetertown, and
back to Akeville, and hastened to have a consulta- so they wisely helped the boys to put up the line,
tion with Kate. For the first time since he be- and then bought it of them, with all their rights
came a guardian, he was in despair. This money and privileges.
was not enough for Aunt Matilda's needs, and if it There was probably some sharp practice in this
had been, there were stockholders who were expect- transaction, but our young friends and Aunt Ma-
ing great things from the recent extension of the tilda profited by it.
line. What was to be said to them?
Harry didn't know, and Kate could suggest CHAPTER XXVIII.
nothing. It appeared to be quite plain that they A MEETING.
had made a very bad business of this telegraphic
affair. A meeting of the Board was called, and ABOUT a week after the dissolution of the
when each member had had his say, matters ap- Crooked Creek Company, Harry was riding over
peared worse than ever. from Hetertown, and had nearly reached the creek
It was a very blue time for our friends, on his way home, when he met George Purvis.
As for Kate, she cried a good deal that after- This was their first meeting since their fight, for
noon. George had been away on a visit to some relatives
The time had at last come when she felt they in Richmond.
would have to give up Aunt Matilda. She was When Harry saw George riding slowly towards
sure, if they had never started this telegraphic him, he felt very much embarrassed, and very
company, they might have struggled through the much annoyed because he was embarrassed.
winter, but now there were stockholders and cred- How should he meet George ? What should he
itors and she did not know what all. She only say; or should he say anything?
knew that it was too much for them. He did n't want to appear anxious to make up"
Three days after this, Harry received a note from with him, nor did he want to seem as if he bore
Mr. Martin. When he read it, he gave a shout malice towards him. If he only knew how George
that brought everybody out of the house,-Kate felt about it!
first. When she read the note, which she took from As it was, he wished he had stopped somewhere
Harry as he was waving it around his head, she on the road. HIe had thought of stopping at the
stood bewildered. She could not comprehend it. mill-why had n't he ? That would just have given
And yet it simply contained a proposition from George time to pass.
the Mica Mine Company to buy the Crooked Creek Both boys appeared to be riding as slowly as
Telegraph Line, with all its rights and privileges, their horses would consent to go, and yet when


they met, Harry had not half made up his mind CHAPTER XXIX.
what he would say, or how he should say it, or ONCE MORE IN THE WOODS.
whether it would be better or not to say any-
thing. HARRY," said Kate, the next day after this
Hello, George!" said he, quite unpremedi- meeting, "when are you going to get your gun
tatedly. back ? "
"Hello! said George, reining in his horse. Get my gun back exclaimed Harry. "How
"Where are you going ?" am I to do that ? "
Going home," said Harry, also stopping in the Why, there's money enough," answered Kate.
road. You only lent your gun-money to Aunt Matilda's
Thus the quarrel came to an end. fund. Take out enough, and get your gun back."
So you've sold the telegraph ?" said George. That sounds very well," said Harry; but we
Yes," said Harry. "And I think we made a have n't so much money, after all. The intereston
pretty good bargain. I did n't think we'd do so what we have wont begin to support Aunt Matilda,
well when we started." and we really ought not to break in on the prin-
No, it did n't look like it," said George; "but cipal."
those Mica men may n't find it such a good bargain Kate did not immediately answer. She thought
for them." for awhile and then she said :
Why?" asked Harry. "Well, that's what I call talking nonsense.
Well, suppose some of the people who own You must have heard some one say something like
the land that the line's on; don't want these that. You never got it out of your own head."
strangers to have a telegraph on their farms. It may not have come out of my own head,"
What's to hinder them ordering them off?" said Harry, who had not told Kate of his meeting
"They wouldn't do that," said Harry. "None with George Purvis, "but it is true, for all that.
of the people about here would be so mean. It seems to me that whatever we do seems all right
They'd know that it might upset our bargain, at first, and then fizzles out. This telegraph busi-
There is n't a man who would do it." ness has done that, straight along."
All right," said George. I hope they wont. No, it has n't," said Kate, with some warmth.
But how are you going to keep the old woman It's turned out first-rate. I think that interest
now? idea is all stuff. As if we wanted to set up Aunt
"How?" said Harry. Why, we can keep her Matilda with an income that would last forever!
easy enough. We got three hundred and fifty Here comes father. I'm going to ask him about
dollars from the Mica Company." the gun."
And how much is her share ?" When Mr. Loudon had had the matter laid be-
"Over two hundred and sixty," answered fore him, he expressed his opinion without any
Harry. hesitation.
Is that all ?" said George. "That wont give "I think, Harry," said he, "that you certainly
her much income. The interest on it will only be ought to go and get your gun."
about fifteen dollars a-year, and she can't live on And Harry went and got it.
that." The rest of that day, which was Saturday, was
But we did n't think of using only the interest," delightful, both to Harry and Kate. Harry cleaned
said Harry. and polished up his gun, and Kate sat and watched
"So you 're going to break in on the principal, him. It seemed like old times. During those
are you? That's a poor way of doing." telegraphic days, when they were all thinking of
Oh, we '11 get along well enough," said Harry. business and making money, they seemed to have
"Two hundred and sixty dollars is a good deal of grown old.
money. Good-bye I must get on. Come up, But all that was over now, and they were a girl
Selim!" and a boy again. Late in the afternoon, Harry
"Good-bye !" said George; and he spurred up went out and shot half-a-dozen partridges, which
his horse and rode off gaily. were cooked for supper, and Mrs. Loudon said
But not so Harry. He was quite depressed in that that seemed like the good old style of things.
spirits by George's remarks. He wished he had She had feared that they were never going to have
not met him, and he determined that he would not any more game on their table.
bother his head by looking at the matter as George On the following Wednesday there was a half-
did. It was ridiculous, holiday, and Harry was about to start off with his
But the more he thought of it, the more sorry gun, when he proposed that Kate should go with
he felt that he had met George Purvis. him.


But you're going after birds," said Kate, and "Hurra !" shouted Harry. You 've hit it
I can't go where you '11 want to go-among the fair And he ran and brought it to her, riddled
stubble and bushes." with shot-holes. Kate was delighted with her suc-
Oh! I sha' n't go much after birds," said cess, and would have been glad to have spent the
Harry. "I wanted to borrow Captain Caseby's rest of the afternoon firing at a mark. But Harry
dog, but he's going to use him himself to-day, and was not well enough, supplied with powder and
so I don't expect to get much game. But we can shot for that. However, he gave her another shot
have a good walk in the woods." at a piece of paper on the bush. She made three
All right," said Kate. I '11 go along." And shot-holes in it, and Harry said that would do very
away she went for her hat. well. He then loaded up again, and they started
The walk was charming. It was now September, off for home. The path they took led through a
and the fields were full of bright-colored fall flowers, corner of the woods.
while here and there a sweet-gum tree began to They had not. gone far before they met Gregory
put on autumn tints. The sun was bright, and Montague.
there was a strong breeze full of piney odors from O, Mah'sr Harry said Gregory, I done
the forests to the west. foun' a bee's nes'."
They saw no game; and when they had rambled "Where ? cried Harry.
about for an hour or so, they sat down under an Down in a big tree in de holler, dar," pointing
oak-tree on the edge of the woods, and while they over towards the thickest part of the woods. You
were talking, an idea came into Harry's head. have to go fru de brush and bushes, but it's a
He picked a great big, fat toadstool that was grow- powerful big nest, Mah'sr Harry, right in de holler
ing near the roots of the tree, and carrying it ob de tree."
about sixty feet from the tree, he stuck it up on a Are you sure it's a bee's nest? said Harry.
bush. How do you know? "
Now then," said he, taking up his gun, cock- I knows it's a bee's nest," said Gregory, some-
ing it, and handing it to Kate, you take a shot what reproachfully. Did n't I see de bees goin'
at that mark." in an' out fru a little hole."
"Do you mean that I shall shoot at it ? ex- Kate," said Harry, you hold this gun a little
claimed Kate. while. I 'll run down there and see if it is really a
"Certainly," said Harry. "You ought to know bee-tree that he has found. Hold it under your
how to shoot. And it wont be the first time you arm, that way, with the muzzle down. That's it.
have fired a gun. Take a shot." I'll be back directly." And away he ran with
All right," said Kate. And she took off her Gregory.
hat and threw it on the grass. Then she took the And now Kate was left alone in the woods with a
gun and raised it to a level with her eye.. gun under her arm. It was a new experience for
Be easy now," said Harry. Hold the butt her. She felt proud and pleased to have control of
close against your shoulder. Take your time, and a gun, and it was not long before she began to
aim right at the middle of the mark." think that it would be a splendid thing if she could
"I 'm afraid I'm shutting the wrong eye," said shoot something that would do for supper. How
Kate. I always do." surprised they would all be if she should bring home
Shut your left eye," said Harry. Get the some game that she had shot, all by herself!
sight right between your other eye and the mark." She made up her mind that she would do it, if
Kate took a good long aim, and then, summon- she could see anything to shoot.
ing all her courage, she pulled the trigger. And so she walked quietly along the path, with
The gun went off with a tremendous bang! her thumb on the hammer of the gun, all ready to
The toadstool trembled for an instant, and then cock it the instant she should see a good chance
tumbled off the bush. for a shot.
(To be concluded next Imnthl.)

.. .:




it; postboys and stage-coach drivers are already
Gone out of existence in these parts. They have
S gone so far "out West," that we seldom see them;
and the system of pony expresses has given way to
lightning expresses on iron roads.
The old passion is so strong within me, that I
Swas lately tempted, by reading something about
Spost-riders and stage-drivers, to hunt up the history
of pony expresses in all ages. I found that all
.countries had them, but each one a peculiar kind
,' of its own; that they had come down to us from a
very remote time, and that they were really the
H. I-'.' ..., I ..on- origin of the first system of carrying mails.
cr .I. l., h..~I ,, the There was a time, and that not many years ago,
pl:ri ... ni: t ..,ih.ge when the pony express rider was thought a very
h..,i mnr.J: .1- to wonderful fellow indeed. And still in the far, far
1 .I'. :_ill.1 they West, his going and coming is watched by many
wish to follow when with deep anxiety, and he carries joy or sorrow
they become men? It was a favorite amusement wherever he goes. It is only forty-five years ago
of my youth to discuss with boys of my own that the stage-coach dared to run races with the
age the delights of the various occupations of locomotive. To be sure, it was beaten and driven
men, and to confide to them what I had last re- off the road, and has been going "out West" ever
solved to be when I grew to man's estate. When since; but before the railroads came in, the stage-
I was first taken to a circus, I resolved to be coach driver was king of the road. It is n't a
a circus-rider. But a year after that, I had fully hundred years since the gruff old philosopher,
determined, having seen the postman ride by in a Dr. Dictionary Johnson," as he was called, de-
storm, that I would be a postboy, and, mounted on cleared that life had not many better things than
a hardy and shaggy mustang pony, carry the mail- riding in a stage-coach at the rate of five miles an
bag between my native town and the next village. hour What queer taste he had He did not
But a year or two later, I made a trip seated on the know the luxury of traveling by rail in drawing-
top of a stage-coach, beside the driver; and after rooms by day and bed-rooms by night.
that, I became satisfied that I was born to be a stage Has the young reader of this ever read the story
coachman. There was no dignity, in my mind, of Marco Polo, the Venetian, who, six hundred
superior to that of the driver of the flaming red, years ago, traveled through Tartary and China,
four-in-hand, Concord coach, which carried themail and coming back nineteen years later, wrote a
between my native town and the great city of the book containing accounts of such wonderful sights
State. In anticipation of what I was to be, I looked and strange adventures, that his bosom friends
with contempt on the postboy as he passed by, and would not believe him, and begged him, even
wondered how I could have wished to be anything when on his death-bed, to retract the falsehoods he
so low. had published? But Marco stuck to them, de-
I think the desire to be a stage-driver was the daring that every word he had written was true.
strongest I had'when a boy; for, although I after- After many years, other travelers have shown thai
wards changed my mind and wanted to be a travel- Marco had really not told half the marvelous things
ing preacher, a steamboat captain, and a loco- he had seen in the countries which he had visited.
motive engineer, I still think I should like to be Among many other wonderful things which hc
able, at times, to leave my dusty desk in the library, describes in a most fascinating way, he tells of the
where I write, and mounting a stage-box at a single first pony express and mail service that probably
leap, drive fifty or sixty miles, down hill all the ever existed in the world.
way, at a break-neck pace, with a full load of live Wherever he traveled in Tartary, Marco Polo
passengers on board. But I can never hope to do says he saw the couriers of the kahn," as the
VOL. 1.-42.


emperor's swift messengers, who carried letters conveniences, nor, indeed, half the virtue and
from city to city, were called. Day and night they goodness of the present time,-the public roads in
flitted by him, on horseback and on foot, over the England were so poor that it was almost impossible
great highways; "never stopping," he writes, "for to travel over them; every few miles the footman
an instant, save at the post-stations," where fresh had to help the coach out of the mire. When
horses or runners were always on hand. These gay Prince Charley from over the water," who was
couriers were first employed in the thirteenth cen- afterwards King Charles II., went to visit another
tury, about one hundred years before Marco Polo prince, his coach-and-six was six hours in going
made his visit, by the great Asiatic conqueror, nine miles After the roads were improved, the
Temudjin, who had subdued all the Tartar tribes, footmen died out, or rather were replaced by what
and, in consequence, had called himself Genghis, were called guards." These were strong, stout
Kahn of the Mongols, which means, "Greatest men, who rode on the stage-coach or followed it on
king, or Monarch of the Bold." Genghis had em- horseback, partly to protect it from robbery, but
played the couriers for carrying his orders from one mainly to help it out of the mud. When the stage-
army to another, and from tribe to tribe; but after coaches gave way to railway cars, the guards be-
his death, they were used by his successors to carry came porters and brakemen. The old time Eng-
messages from any person in the empire, thus lish footmen also ran long errands for their masters.
serving almost the same good purpose that our I have read accounts of English footmen who had
mail-riders and stage-coaches and pony expresses gone a hundred miles for medicine, and even a
do in this day. hundred and fifty for a doctor; and, according to
There were both mounted and foot couriers the stories, they ran all the way.
among the Tartars. The stations for horsemen Slow as this method may seem to us, who have
were twenty-five miles apart. Each courier had to others so much better, the foot messengers were,
ride this distance in two hours on a single horse. until very lately, the swiftest which many civilized
At the station, however, both horse and rider had countries possessed. The system was borrowed
a good long rest, for a fresh horse and fresh courier from a country which we still look upon as barbar-
were ready to take his message and speed onward ous, chiefly because we know little or nothing about
with it to the next station, where in turn the jaded it. Tartary, it seems, had not only the first, but the
horse and rider would find rest, while the message swiftest couriers which had ever existed except on
would speed onward in the hands of another the plains of America; and at the present time,
courier on a fresh, fleet steed. The foot couriers Russia has the best in existence.
had stations three miles apart. When a message The Russian couriers, or pony expressmen, or
was to be carried, it would be given to a foot mes- mail-carriers, as you may choose to call them,
senger, who would instantly start, running with travel neither on foot nor on horseback. You will
might and main to the next station, where he would find that in this matter, as in almost every custom
deliver the message to the courier in waiting. The and habit of every people, nature compels man to
trained couriers could go this distance in a very alter his arrangements to suit her conditions. In
short time, without much injury to themselves, Tartary they have fine horses, great wide deserts,
and, indeed, without much fatigue, and splendid roads, and, naturally, the couriers
Foot couriers of the same kind were in use in there are mounted; in England, where the roads
England about one hundred and fifty years ago, are bad, running through bogs and marshes, the
though not employed by the monarchs of that old couriers were footmen; in Russia, where snow
country, but by private gentlemen and noblemen. lies on the ground nearly the whole year, sleighs
It was their duty to run by the side or in the rear are used by the couriers. The Couriers of the
of the coaches, when their masters were traveling Czar," as the mail-carriers are called, travel with
or riding for pleasure. These attendants were great rapidity. Fresh horses and drivers are ready
called footmen," as the attendants on carriages at stations every twenty miles apart; but the
now-a-days are called; but the first footmen did couriers themselves sleep in the sleighs, and travel
not ride on the box with the drivers, or on the seat from one end of a mail route to the other. Special
behind, as now. And the footmen in past days messengers of the Czar, on public business, travel
accompanied the coaches, not to open the door by these same routes, and with even greater rapid-
for their masters and mistresses, as in the present ity than the mail-carriers. During the Crimean
time, but for a purpose you will never guess, I war there occurred an incident illustrating the
am sure. They ran after the carriage to help it severity of this service. The Russian general,
out of the mud and mire In the good old Prince Mentchikoff, who defended Sebastopol, had
times,"-which, for all that you may hear said occasion, during the siege of that city, to send an
in praise of them, had not half the pleasures and important message to the Czar at St. Petersburg;

1874.1 THE PONY EXPRESS. 643

and ordered a faithful officer to be his messenger, at last one declared the poor fellow was dead.
giving him directions not to halt or delay until he The Czar was much grieved threat, and went to
stood before the Czar, and above all, not to lose the officer and examined his pulse, put his ear
sight of the precious message which he bore. down to his side, and declared he could hear his
Away went the officer in a sleigh belonging to the heart thumping. He was only asleep. But he
Czar's couriers. At the end of each twenty miles, soon found that the exhausted officer could not be
he found fresh horses awaiting him; these were roused by the usual means. At length the Czar,
quickly harnessed to his sleigh, in place of the stooping down, cried in his ears:
weary animals, and the servants and stable-men Your Excellency, the horses are ready."
would cry out: At the sound of these words, which he had heard
"Your Excellency, the horses are ready." every twenty miles of his journey, and the only

"Away then!" the officer would say to the ones which he had listened to for days, the faithful
driver; and off he would go again at the most officer sprang to his feet and cried
rapid pace of which the horses were capable. Away then! "
Riding in this way for several days and nights, Instead of driver and horses, he found the Czar
suffering with cold, and pursued by wolves in the before him, laughing heartily at his confusion and
forests, the officer, weary with watching his des- dismay. You may be sure his offence was forgot-
patches day and night, at length reached the pal- ten; instead of being punished for sleeping when
ace of the Czar, and was immediately ushered into his work was done, the officer was rewarded for his
his presence. He had no sooner handed the Em- faithfulness.
peror the letter of the general than the messenger Nature renders necessary still another kind of
sank into a chair and fell fast asleep in the royal express in other latitudes. The Gulf of St. Law-
presence,-an offence which, in some ages, would rence, as your geography will doubtless tell you,
have been punishable with instant death. When is full of small islands, delightful in summer but
he had finished reading the despatch, the Czar ice-bound, cold and uncomfortable in winter.
wished to ask the officer a question, but found he Still they must have communication with each other
could not awaken him. The attendants called to and the rest of the world, and the mail-carriers or
him, touched and shook him, all in vain; and couriers have built "sleigh-boats" for their special
_i ---i -;. _- = -= == -__

him, touched and shook him, all in vain; and couriers have built sleigh-boats" for their special


use in winter. The sleigh-boat is a boat on water half the men of every army serve in these capacities
and a sleigh on land. It is a large, long row-boat and do no fighting at all. There is still another
placed on sleigh runners, and runs equally well service for which they may be enlisting-that of
in water or on ice or snow. The ice-boat," as pony expressmen, or, as the officers would call
it is generally called,-though snow-boat," or them, Couriers of the Army."
" sleigh-boat," is certainly a more proper name for Every great army must have its courier line. It
it,--carries-an officer and eight men, who row it in is as necessary to its existence and success as pow-
the water and drag it on the ice or land. Two or der itself; for it is through the couriers that the
three men would be crew enough, if the boat had various parts of the army are moved and directed
to go through water all the way, but more are nec- by the general. All orders from the chief general
essary when the gulf'is filled with great cakes of to those under him, and all information from them
floating ice, hardly icebergs, but what might better to him are carried by the couriers with a rapidity
be called ice-islands, which are too large to sail and faithfulness which is very wonderful. The
around and too big to row over. So the boat must couriers are chosen from among the best and truest
be hauled on its runners as a sleigh, across the ice, soldiers; their horses from the swiftest and strong-
as shown in the cut on the preceding page. Some- est in the army. The most faithful men, men who
times, when the ice-cakes or islands are formed in a have the daring to fight when necessary, and the
single night, they are smooth and glassy, and travel good sense and discretion to run away when flight
across them is easy and pleasant. But when the is wisest, are carefully selected from among the
ice has been some time in forming, its surface be- soldiers in the ranks to be made couriers, and are
comes jagged and rough, and it has something of exempted from other duty. The illustration will
the appearance of an iceberg; then a trip across it explain the way in which the war-couriers did their
is dangerous and difficult, and a full crew is re- important duty during our late war, and, indeed, it
quired to draw the boat. Thus the extra men of will serve to show how all pony expresses, even
the crew serve, as it were, the same duty as the those of Genghis Kahn and the Tartars are run.
English footmen did when helping the coach out The officer whom you see in the picture on the
of the bogs and mire, but the bogs and mire, in next page is the officer of the courier station. His
the case of the sleigh-boat, are snow-drifts and ice- station is simply a rustic tent made of brushwood,
bergs. affording shelter for one or two sleeping couriers.
The sleigh-boat express" is not only the sole The officer has seen a courier in the distance ap-
means of mail service in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, preaching, and has ordered another messenger to
during the four or five months of winter there, but mount a fresh horse and be in readiness to start
the only mode of travel which the islanders have. with the dispatch, which he knows, from his rapid
If you are ever unfortunate enough to be caught on pace, the other courier bears. As the courier who
Prince Edward's, or Magdalen, or Coffin, or Dead- is coming reaches the station, he will throw his
man's Islands, during the winter, and should want package of messages to the officer, who will look at
to leave them, you will have no other means but the direction of it. On it he will find the address
the "sleigh-boat." It is usually large enough to of the officer for whom it is intended, and in one
carry.two passengers, but no baggage of conse- corner the direction as to the gait at which the
quence. There is no covering; no stove; no bed; courier must go. Gallop used to be a common
you would have to trust to your furs for warmth, direction; run was another. The courier knew
Ladies sometimes make these trips, which are very the importance of a dispatch according to the order
dangerous and unpleasant, as you can readily im- of gait it bore. When he has read the address and
agine. direction, the officer will call both out aloud, throw
Circumstances, as well as nature, sometimes af- the package to the fresh courier, and off he will go
fect even such small affairs as pony expresses,-as, at a gallop or run, as the direction requires. The
for instance, the circumstance of war. Few soldiers new courier will feed his weary horse, and then take
who enlist, do so with any other idea than that of the place of one of the sleeping couriers. The one
fighting; each thinks he has to carry a musket; who is awakened will saddle his horse and be ready
shoot at the enemy, or bayonet him every day, and to make the next trip. Thus the line is kept al-
play havoc generally; but before long he finds that ways well supplied with fresh men and horses. It
it is only about one-half of those who enlist as must not be supposed that this service is not a
soldiers who are ever called upon to pull trigger in dangerous one; it was peculiarly dangerous during
battle. Very few of them think they are enlisting the late war, for the reason that, in riding through
to be clerks, or drivers, or storekeepers, or doctors' the enemy's country, the couriers were exposed to
assistants, or stable-boyE, or postmen, or black- the shots of disaffected citizens. The enemy's cav-
smiths, or cooks and house-servants, yet almost airy, in the hope of capturing important dispatches,


frequently ambushed and captured the couriers, Sherman's army reached the sea,'after being two
thus securing letters which told of the plans of the months lost in Georgia, the first boat which it met
generals. Often the information thus gained af- was the mail-boat bringing letters, which, though
fected the result of an entire battle or campaign. two months old, were welcome enough to the
During a battle, the couriers were employed to soldiers hungry for news from home.
carry messages from one part of the field to an- But the most curious and perfect of all the pony
other, running great risks while doing so. expresses was that which used to run across the

also pony expressmen," but of a different, though country between the Mississippi river and the Pacific
equally useful, kind. Each regiment in the army ocean was called, on the maps, the great Amer-
had its postman ; the mail-bags were carried in ican desert," and in my geography it was described
ambulances, and the mail service of the army was as a wide, sandy plain. In my mind it was not un-
almost as perfect as that of any great city like Boston like the desert of Sahara, with fiercer tribes inhab-
or New York. The soldiers were as regularly sup- iting it. Schoolboys now-a-days have better maps
plied with their letters as they would have been if and geographies, and know this country by the
they had remained quietly at home. I have seen names of the great states of Kansas, Nebraska,
the army postman delivering the letters to the Colorado, and Nevada, which have been formed of
soldiers during a battle, and thousands upon thous- it. What was desert to us, is prairie to you, boys;
ands have been distributed on the battle-field just what we thought barren sand, you know to be rich
after the battle was ended for the day. General soil; and you cross it by rail in three days, where
Grant tells in one of his letters, written during the we, in stage-coaches, used to make the trip in
war, that within one hour after the troops began seventeen. The Pacific Railroad killed the pony
to march into Fort Donelson, the mail was dis- express; but in its day the latter was a great insti-
tributed to them from the mail wagons." When tuition. which would have ut to the blush the pony
fo*N-" -- ~-- ,.

also pony expressmen," but of a different, though country between the Mississippi river and the Pacific
equally useful, kind. Each regiment in the army ocean was called, on the maps, the great Amer-
had its postman ; the mail-bags were carried in ican desert," and in my geography it was described
ambulances, and the mail service of the army was as a wide, sandy plain. In my mind it was not un-
almost as perfect as that of any great city like Boston like the desert of Sahara, with fiercer tribes inhab-
or New York. The soldiers were as regularly sup- iting it. Schoolboys now-a-days have better maps
plied with their letters as they would have been if and geographies, and know this county by the
they had remained quietly at home. I have seen names of the great states of Kansas, Nebraska,
the army postman delivering the letters to the Colorado, and Nevada, which have been formed of
soldiers during a battle, and thousands upon thous- it. What was desert to its, is prairie toyou, boys ;
ands have been distributed on the battle-field just what we thought barren sand, you know to be rich
after the battle was ended for the day. General soil ; and you cross it by rail in three days, where
Grant tells in one of his letters, written during the we, in stage-coaches, used to make the trip in
war, that within one hour after the troops began seventeen. The Pacific Railroad killed the pony
to march into Fort Donelson, the mail was dis- express ; but in its day the latter was a great insti-
tributed to them from the mail wagons." When tution, which would have put to the blush the pony




LITTLE GOLD LOCKS has gone to bed,
Kisses are given and prayers are said.
Mamma says, as she turns out the light,
Mosquitoes wont bite my child to-night.
They will try to come in, but wont know how,
For the nets are in the windows now."

'SI _


First Mosquito. That is the window where we First Mosquito. What have I flown against now,
-. -1 2 '-1 "-:,,1, ,.T]

'~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~- '1;" L-.--:'- "'

go in I wonder?
Second Mosquito. Is little girl Gold Locks fat or Second Mosquito. There 's something across here,
thin ? let's crawl under !
Third Mosquito. 0, plump as the plumpest dairy Third Mosquito. These bars are-as large as my
mouse body is !
Fourth Mosquito. And the sweetest morsel in the Fourth Mosquito. I 've broken the point of my
house. bill on this !
Fifth Mosquito. Hurry, I pray, and lead the Fifth Mosquito. I 'm slim, perhaps I can crawl
way through !
Sixth Mosquito. I have n't had a bite to-day Sixth Mosquito. Oh! what shall I do ? Oh what
shall I do?
Chorus. Oh! what shall we do? Oh! what shall we do?


express of the Russians and Tartars, or our own A "crack driver was one who could drive four
army couriers. It was not a government line, horses at full speed with the reins in his teeth and
either; private enterprise started and kept it going a rifle in his hands. Every station was a fort, with
on a grand scale. It used up and broke soldiers to defend it. Often the coaches had to be
down more than a thousand horses and Indian guarded from station to station by the soldiers, who
ponies a year. It employed nine or ten hundred followed on horseback, and at times the soldiers
couriers and coach-drivers and station-keepers, and and passengers were forced to fortify themselves in
more than one hundred Concord coaches. Every the coach and fight until help came by the ap-
day in the year one of these stages started from the proach of other coaches. Seventeen days of a trip
east end and one from the west end of the route, like this would furnish almost enough adventure
and often as many as fifty were making the trip at for a lifetime.
the same time. The coach stations were ten miles But it was the swift mail-couriers of this line who
apart, and there were more than two hundred of ran risks and led adventurous lives full of daring
them in all. The route led from Atchison, Miss- and danger. They ran the gauntlet of the Indians
ouri, across the plains for five days to Denver, Col- all alone,-at night, as well as by day,-and a
orado; then five days more up the Rocky Mount- rough time many of them had of it. Their stations
ains to Salt Lake City, Utah; then seven days were twenty-five miles apart, and the trips between
more down the mountains to Sacramento City, them had to be made at a full gallop, and in two
California. At one station the stage-coach reached hours and a-half, winter or summer, day or night,
a level of five thousand feet above the plains, and over plain or mountain. The horses were hardy
in the summer months it was the custom of the Indian ponies, swift and sure of foot; but the ser-
drivers to stop there ten minutes, not for refresh- vice killed them very rapidly. The riders were old
ments, but to allow the passengers the novel pleas- pioneers, who knew the ways of the Indians and
ure of snow-balling each other in July. In these how to avoid them. Still many of them fell victims
dreary mountains few persons were then to be met, to their daring and their sense of duty. The long
other than members of the family of Mr. Grizzly trip of two thousand miles occupied the mail-carriers
Bear, who, if he happens to be hungry, is a very eight days, at the rate of more than ten miles an
unpleasant fellow to travel with. On the plains the hour; but important election news was carried at a
enemy most dreaded was the red-skinned tribes, still more rapid rate. But at length the harnessed
whose roving bands almost daily attacked the lightning and the iron horse distanced the pony on
coaches. To repel such attacks, each passenger his own track, and he has gone further West to
was required to carry a rifle as part of his baggage, pastures new.



LIKE white feathers blown about the rocks,
Like soft snow-flakes wavering in the air,
Wheel the kittiwakes in scattered flocks,
Crying, floating, fluttering everywhere.

Shapes of snow and cloud, they soar and whirl;
Downy breasts that shine like lilies white;
Delicate, vaporous tints of grey and pearl,
Laid upon their arching wings so light.

Eyes of jet, and beaks and feet of gold,-
Lovelier creatures never sailed in air;
Innocent, inquisitive and bold,
Knowing not the dangers that they dare.

1874.] JIM CROW. 647

Stooping low above a beckoning hand,
Following gleams of waving kerchiefs white,
What should they of evil understand,
Though the gun awaits them full in sight?

Though their blood the quiet wave makes red,
Though their broken plumes float far and wide,
Still they linger, hovering overhead,
Still the gun deals death on every side.

0, begone, sweet birds, or higher soar !
See you not your comrades low are laid?
But they only flit and call the more-
Ignorant, unconscious, undismayed.

Nay, then, boatman, spare them Must they bear
Pangs like these for human vanity ?
That their lovely plumage we may wear,
Must these fair, pathetic creatures die?

Let the tawny squaws themselves admire,
Decked with feathers-we -can wiser be.
Ah! beseech you, boatman, do not fire !
Stain no more with blood the tranquil sea!



EVER since I read about the Kindergarten crow, tricks, and such pretty cunning ways, that we for-
in the March number of ST. NICHOLAS, I have give all his bad deeds.
wanted to tell you young folks about our crow.
He is a real, living crow, and while I am writing
this true little story for you, he sits outside the
window, tapping against the pane for me to let .__
him in.
Two years ago, our boys found him in a nest
with five other baby crows. They left the rest for .._ .
the mother-bird, and brought him home. He soon ,
began to grow happy and strong, and now he is
very large, and his feathers are as glossy as any-
thing can be. In short, we think Jim Crow is a
remarkably handsome bird.
We named him Jim Crow, after a colored man, ',
renowned in song. He knows his name, and flies '
to us when we call him. He is very affectionate, JI CROW S FIRST HOME.
and loves to be petted. He is very mischievous I am sorry to say he is a shameless little thief.
and provoking; but he has so many funny little He steals anything he can carry away. He took


my thimble one morning, kept it until noon, and When the men are planting potatoes, Jim will
then brought it back to me. He stole Nellie's walk along the furrows, eating worms and chatter-
ing, and when they throw little potatoes at him,
he catches them in his bill. He is fond of mice,
S and can catch them as quickly as a cat.
,- He visits the neighbors about the time they are
,- i feeding their dogs and cats, and runs off with their

oil-can, and hid it under the fence three times; -
then Will locked it up. He hid Mrs. B's spec- TAKING A SHOWER-BATH.
Jmr AND THE KEY. h u

pocket-knife, kept it a week, and returned it to r hi
her covered with rust. He took a fancy to a small
oil-can, and hid it under the fence three times;
then Will locked it up. He hid Mrs. B's spec- TAKING A SHOWERt-BATH.
tackles in the wood-pile, and flew on the barn with
Si t n f o t b w victuals. If there is more than he wants, he buries
the case. He stole the key of the smoke-house. at s left
When Mrs. B. went to cut the ham for breakfast, th it e his thin n the snow:
she could not get in until some one pulled out the n summer, under chips and leaves; and-when e 1
staple. After they had bought a new key, Jim in the h e, he shovs ta under the carpet
Crow came gravely back, bringing the old key in s s, es u t
his bill. I wish you could see him hide his cheese from the
The men sometimes hang their coats on the cats He lifts up one edge of the carpet with his
fence when at work, and he rifles the pockets. bill, holds it back with one claw, puts the cheese
One day he found a pocket-book, took off the elas- under, lets the carpet fall, then pats it down with
One day he found a pocket-book, took off the his feet and bill. If the cats come smelling around,
tic band, shook out the pennies, and when they he whips them with his wings
found him, he was examining the greenbacks.
He loves to go into the fields with the men, and
to ride on the front of the cart, and scream at the
One day last week, they were burning brush and
weeds, and Jim pulled out the burning pieces and
nearly set himself on fire.'
He follows them when planting corn, but rarely -i
eats any. He prefers food from our table; is fond --- ',-,
of cheese, butter and pie-crust. On baking days,-

He is fond of walnuts, and can pick them as
clean as any boy or girl that reads Sr. NICHOLAS.
S e have an icehouse, and the first time he saw
a lump of ice, he made us all laugh. He turned
it over, broke it into bits, and tasted it; shook his
head and dropped it. Finally he concluded he
liked it, and after that, was always about when the
water-cooler was filled. He watched us turn the
EXAMINING THE POCKET-BOOK. spigot; and all summer, when he wanted a drink,
would turn the spigot with his bill. We had to
he coaxes for a lump of dough; and when Mrs. B. watch him, or he would waste all the water; for he
goes into the milk-house he follows her to get some not only took a drink, but stood under the stream
curds or cream and washed himself.

1574.1 JIM CROW. 649

He likes the rain, and will fly around in it all backs, pinches, scratches and bites them, till they
day, chattering and calling, are glad to run home.
He imitates -various sounds, such as calling the He agrees pretty well with the chickens. He
cows, laughing, etc.
One day, as I was coming up the cellar steps,
and he was at the top, he made me jump, by mak- '
ing a sound exactly like the loud blowing of the
When I go home from school at night with my i'
little band of scholars, he comes to meet me,
knowing I will give him some bits from my lunch-
basket. In the fall of the year, he goes to the -.

S. killed two little downy pets, but we scolded him
and smacked him on the wings, and the old hens
whipped him, and that cured him.
He goes all over the house, if we let him, and
'' 'enjoys visiting the bedrooms and turning things
upside down. He will take the corks out of bottles,
tear the leaves out of books, and throw every article
'-- out of our work-baskets, unless we watch him.
JIM AND THE WILD CROWS. He and my pet cat are great friends. They
chase each other round the yard, and have many a
chestnut-trees with us, and is especially fond of ood play.
chestnuts that have those clean, little, white, fat One day, old Topsy, the tortoise-shell mamma-
worms in them. He is a great pest about the gar- cat, brought three cute little grey kittens from the
den. One day, Mr. B. planted a large bed of barn. They were new little kits, and she purred
onions, and leaving the garden a few minutes, Jim over them, and was very proud of them, and then
pulled up every onion. Mr. B. threw dirt at him, they all laid down in the sun. Jim spied these
and drove him out of the garden, and replanted his strange kits, and felt it his duty to drive them off.
onions. Jim watched his chance, and pulled them He walked around them, scolded them, flapped his
all up again. Mr. B. whipped him, fastened him wings, pulled their ears, pinched them, and finally
in a coop, and he never disturbed onions afterward, scared the little things almost to death by jerking
them off the ground by their tails.
He became used to them after awhile ; but for a
long time, those little kittens would scamper and
hide as soon as they saw him coming.
No wonder! He swung them around so, that
S"the hair was nearly worn off of their frisky little
$ tails.
S Now I will close my story, and let the big black

'" '"-I .. I I
-. '

He is afraid of wild crows. One day, a neighbor
saw a group of them in his yard picking at some- -
thing. He ran out, and there was Jim Crow on --
his back, fighting the wild crows with his sharp "COME IN, JIM CROW!
claws and beak. He was almost tired out, and
flew home in a hurry. fellow through the window. He is very anxious
He is fond of our dog Prince, but chases all to examine my ink-bottle.
strange dogs off the place. He jumps on their "Come in. Jim Crow."


S.. wo little girls are better than one,
S Two little boys can double the fun,
S'Two little birds can build a fine nest,
-Two little arms can love mother best.
STwo little ponies must go to a span;
Two little pockets has my little man,
Two little eyes to open and close,
Two little ears and one little nose,
Two little elbows, dimpled and sweet,
S Two little shoes, on two little feet,
Two little lips and one little chin,
Two little cheeks with a rose shut in;
Two little shoulders, chubby and strong,
Two little legs running all day long.
Two little prayers does my darling say,
Twice does he kneel by my side each day-
Two little folded hands, soft and brown,
Two little eyelids cast meekly down-
And two little angels guard him in bed,
One at the foot, and one at the head."



IT was such a cunning house People who went or part of a room in a large one. Once, when she
up and down the street used to wonder what it was ill with scarlet fever,-she was not very ill, it
could have been built for. It was n't large enough was rather a good time, on the whole,-her aunt
for a family of even two to keep house in. It did Bessie read to her that dear book of Mary Howitt's
not look like an oice or a workshop ; besides, the called The Children's Year." Perhaps you have
house close by which it stood was too nice-looking read it, and have not forgotten that Herbert and
to have a workshop on its lawn. The brightest Meggy used to play in a little house in the garden,
strangers guessed that it might be a cozy little and make believe that a naughty woman, whom they
study, but they also were wrong. The door was called Mrs. Gingham, came and upset their play-
on the side, and instead of a high porch, there was things. That is a charming book. I read it every
just one stone step before it. There was a window little while myself, though I am quite grown-up.
on each side of the door, and in the end toward The winter before the house was built, one even-
the street was a little bay-window, ing Nelly was very still, sitting in front of the
My friend the housekeeper's name is Nelly Ash- library fire, on the rag. Her mother was writing
ford. I think I am safe in saying that there never letters and her father was reading; but, presently,
has been a happier housekeeper since the world Mr. Ashford heard her laugh a little, and looked
began; and now I will begin at the very beginning, up and saw how busily she was thinking. So he
and tell you all about it. I never knew how Nelly said, What is it, Nelly ? "
first got the idea; but she says she remembers Oh, I suppose you will laugh, papa "
thinking, when she was very small, that a doll's Well?"
house ought to be a real' little house,-not a room, I was telling myself a story about what I would


do if I had a cunning little bit of a house, all my Mrs. Ashford said, I wonder why she could n't
own, to play in, day-times. It would have a little have a play-house ? I know she would enjoy it, for
parlor, with a table in it large enough to have the I remember I used to wish for one myself."
girls come to tea-parties ; and another room back I was thinking about it," said Nelly's father.
of the parlor for a kitchen, where there could be a I don't think it would be much trouble. I will
fire in a little stove, with an oven in it to bake cake draw a little plan myself, and go down to see Mr.
and make candy. I would n't make candy in the Jones, the house-builder, to-morrow, and ask him
oven, but on the top, you know. And I was think- about it."
ing about the fun Mrs. Giddigaddi had in her We will send Nelly to Boston when he is ready
kitchen. It tells about her in 'Little Men.' Do to build it, and surprise her when she comes home,"
you think, when I get older, I could really have a said Mrs. Ashford.
house out in the garden somewhere ? I would be Mr. Jones was consulted not long after, and
just as careful not to get it on fire. It need n't be promised to send some men in May. So, just be-
near this house, so if it should burn down, or any- fore the appointed time for laying the foundations,
thing, it would n't do harm. I have always thought a letter came from grandmamma, who lived in
about having it, ever since I was a little girl." Boston, asking Nelly to come immediately to make
Yes," said Mr. Ashford, laughing : I think I her a visit. She often had such invitations as this,
have heard you speak of it before. Should you and was always willing to accept them. She never
stay out there altogether, or make us an occasional suspected that she could be sent away from home
visit ? for any reason; and do you think, as she drove
I would n't dare to stay there after dark," said down the street to the station, she met one of Mr.
Nelly; "I should be lonesome. But, you know, Jones's men driving a load of timber! Would n't
I shall be ever so much older next summer; and, she have jumped out of the carriage and followed
papa !"-this very eagerly-" when I am grown-up him home, if she had known what interesting
it would make such a cunning study, and I could boardsthose were !
learn my lessons there." I can't stop to tell you much about the visit in
How very sensible said mamma. I don't Boston, for that would make a long story by itself.
see how anyone can say no to that; but I shall ex- Nelly's aunt Bessie was much younger than her
pect to see it blazing up to the skies the day after sister, Mrs. Ashford, and everybody thought her a
you move in." Then Mr. Ashford laughed and most charming young lady. She was very fond of
took up his book again; while Mrs. Ashford said, Nelly, who was her only niece, and Nelly often said
" This is a large house for three people, and I she was just as good as a little girl to play with.
think the little girl can find room enough for the You see, she had n't forgotten the way she thought
dollies." and felt when she was a child, as I am sorry to find
Now, this was not encouraging; but Nelly went a great many people have.
back to her seat on the rug, and went on telling Grandma was always as good as gold, and the
herself stories," as she calls it. She enjoyed very house was very pleasant; and Nelly knew several
much an imaginary visit from her cousins. They nice girls about her own age, so she never thought
came at night, and the first thing in the morning of being homesick.
after breakfast she carried them out in the garden, Grandma and Aunt Bessie were very much in-
and they were so surprised to see the lovely play- terested in something Nelly did not know about,
house; and then she was to have a whole ring-full and they had a way of talking busily and stopping
of keys, like her mother's, and take them out of suddenly when she came near. Aunt Bessie was
her pocket, choose the right one, and unlock the hemming some small napkins and table-cloths, and
door. her niece was much surprised, for she was n't
You see by this that Nelly was very fond of usually fond of sewing. She said that a friend of
castle-building,-telling herself stories, she called hers was going to housekeeping, and Nelly thought
it, and I think that is a very good name. It is a it queerer than ever, for Aunt Bessie did not often
very pleasant thing to do, only we must be careful make that kind of a present.
to build as well as dream. I wish we all dreamed One morning, grandma came down stairs dressed
of the right kind of castles, and instead of thinking for a drive, and told Nelly she was going shopping,
of useless or selfish things, that we were planning and she might come, if she liked. This was al-
kind things to be done for our friends; that we told ways a great pleasure, for she could choose between
ourselves stories about being very good girls and sitting in the carriage or going into the shops; and
boys always, instead of being lazy and cross and grandma almost always stopped at a candy shop
naughty, as we all are once in awhile, before she went home.
After she went up to bed that winter evening, Just as Nelly was beginning to grow a little tired,


they stopped before some great windows full of minute she saw the play-house. Oh, my friend
carpets, and grandma said she would like for her the housekeeper How she half laughed and half
to come in at this place, because she was going to cried; and when her father had given her the key,
choose a carpet for the room of a little friend of how she ran to put it into the key-hole !
hers. If it had. been anything else, Nelly would I wish you knew Nelly, so you could go and see
have thought it might be for herself; for grandma that house for yourself. The door opened into a
and Aunt Bessie often made her choose her own tiny square entry, and right in front of you was the
presents in this way; but only a few weeks before funniest little hat-stand and umbrella-rack, and on
she left home a new carpet had been put down in either side were the doors which led into the parlor
her room. Such a beauty it was, too! They and kitchen. The parlor was just as pretty as it
found another almost as pretty, and grandma gave could be. The bay-window was a delight that Nelly
the man a card with the address to which it was to never had thought of in all her planning, and there
be sent, and they went away. It was such a nice car- were pretty curtains, and the canary bird's cage
pet. I saw it myself, and I know; very soft, with hung by a new gilt chain in the middle, just over a
light grey for the ground color, and little bunches small table holding the rustic basket of trns and
of wild roses, and dark green leaves for figures, vines. In the middle of the room, there was the
with little blue flowers, and yellow and white field- larger table which Nelly had wished for. It was
daisies mixed into the dainty little bouquets. covered now by a bright cloth; but she found after-
Now Nelly," said grandma, what would you ward that she could make it larger by putting
like for a present ?" And Nelly thought of a pic- leaves in, just as they did the one in her mother's
ture she had seen of a child dressed in black, with dining-room. It was just the thing for tea-parties.
fair hair, and some lovely dogs. The name of it Then there were three or four folding chairs with
was Her only Playmates," and it was in the pic- bright carpet seats, and one nice little rocking-
ture store where they had been that morning. So chair,--just the thing to get the dolls to sleep in,-
they drove back again; and grandma liked it as and a small lounge covered with dark blue. You
well as Nelly did, and told the man to frame it; will know that the carpet Nelly had chosen was on
then they went to a candy shop and bought so the, floor, and the picture grandma had given her
large a box-full of candy, that Aunt Bessie said, was hanging on the wall, with several others,-one
when they brought it home, it would last till lovely one of Red Riding Hood among the number.
Christmas. Besides these, there were some walnut brackets, with
Not if you eat it so fast," said Nelly, laughing. little vases and statuettes, and on the mantelpiece
Soon after this, a letter came from Mrs. Ashford, a little black clock was ticking away with all its
who said Nelly must come home, for they missed might. All the big dolls sat round in their chairs,
her so much, and she had already made a long and seemed to feel quite at home. The very small
visit. She wished to see her mother, of course, ones were standing on either side of the clock in a
but she was sorry to leave Boston; and Aunt long row. There were some book-shelves on the
Bessie saw she looked rather troubled, so she wall, and some of Nelly's books had been brought
called her to her desk, where she sat writing letters, out to fill them. There was a closet with shelves
and pointed to the candy pigeon-hole for consola- and drawers, where the dolls' clothes or anything
tion, while grandma said: of the kind might be kept.
Nelly, I think Aunt Bessie and I will go home Nelly said, with shining eyes:
with you and make a visit. It is so pleasant in the Oh, I never thought of anything half so nice as
country now." this! You are all so good And she told them
Nelly reached home the next night after dark, over and over again that there was n't anything she
and being very tired, she went to bed soon after could think of to put in that parlor. They all sat
supper. down here a little while, and then Mr. Ashford said
Next morning, at breakfast, she noticed that they it would n't do for young housekeepers to stay in
were all very smiling, as if something nice was the parlor all the time, and she must give a little
going to happen. Mr. Ashford pushed back his attention to her kitchen.
chair from the table without waiting for either his Now, it had flashed through Nelly's mind a few
second cup of coffee or his newspaper and cigar, minutes before that this play-house of hers was so
and said: daintily furnished that she could n't have any of her
I want you all to come out into the garden favorite clutters," as Bridget called all such
with me, to see some improvements I have been amusements as making candy and washing the
making." dolls' clothes, heading pins with sealing-wax, or
Just as they went out of the door, Nelly thought spattering." So you may imagine her satisfac-
there might be a surprise coming, and in another tion when she saw the other room.


This was the kitchen, as I have told you, and immediately, for these were all her presents. In
here Nelly found a little stove, with an oven and a the lower part of the closet Nelly found a store of
tea-kettle, which would hold at least a quart of provisions, and 1 must not forget to tell you that
water. Nelly was very fond of cooking, and here among them were a jar of raspberry jam and a
was a chance for her to do all she liked. There whole box of those good little English biscuits, from
was a low table and some chairs, one of which-a which she instantly filled her pocket.
little yellow one-had belonged to her grandmother Don't you think Nelly Ashford ought to have
when she was a child. What do you suppose she been one of the very best girls in the world ? I do,
would have thought of such a play-house as that ? and I think she tried to be. Who could be very
If you looked around you would have seen all the cross when they were so fortunate as this ?
things that one needs in such a kitchen; broom She asked her friends to stay and spend the day
and dust-pan and brush, Nelly's little cedar tub, with her, but they were wise enough to refuse; and

- - "-

and a new clothes-horse about the size of a saw- just now Nelly saw her best friend and crony, Alice
horse, that Patrick, the coachman, had made. Dennis, coming up the avenue, and shouted to her
There were little tin pans, and-oh, dear me!-I from the door. Alice had seen the play-house;
can't begin to tell you everything. I think the she had been there nearly all the day before, so it
greatest joy was when some one opened the door of was no surprise, but you will be sure that when the
a closet, and our friend found a new tea-set,-such older people had gone, and they were left to them-
a dear tea-set! with no end of cups and saucers and selves, there was no trouble in having a good time.
plates, with a dozen very small tumblers, and some Nelly kept open house for a week or two, and all
tiny teaspoons. The cream pitcher, and, indeed, her friends came to call. Mrs. Ashford said she
all the larger pieces, were such a nice size and had to go down the garden herself and make cere-
shape. On these there were blue and gold flowers, monious calls, if she wished to see Nelly. She was
and a blue and gold stripe round everything. I always considerate enough to ring the bell. Some-
wish every child I know was as lucky as Nelly Ash- time I will tell you more of my friend the house-
ford, and I wish you had seen what a hugging keeper and her experiences. A person could not
Aunt Bessie got on account of this tea-set and the be mistress of a house like this, without having a
tablecloths and napkins, which were recognized great many remarkable things happen.




LITTLE BEN was an orphan. His mother left And she began to worry so much, as the little
him when he was but a baby, and when, after a box became emptier and emptier, that she grew
few years, his father also died, there was no one left worse and worse.
to love and care for him in the wide world but his Often, too, a shiver passed over her, there, in
lame old grandmother and Tom, the grey cat. the close, damp basement, though it was summer
His father had been a shoemaker, and when he time. She thought that if she could but climb up
died the little shop was closed, and the old grand- the steep stairs to the door-step, like old Tom, and
mother sold the few boots and shoes that were left warm herself in the sunshine, where little Ben sat
in it, which brought just about money enough to and played by himself all day, she should grow
pay for a month's lodging down in the damp, dark strong and well. She began to long for it more
little basement, into which they were obliged to and more each day, and when little Bennie, who
move, now that there was no one to earfi anything; did not lnow how ill she was, came down to see her
for little Ben was only five years old, and could, of now and then during the day, she would press him
course, do no work yet that he would have been to her and say:
paid for, and his poor old grandmother, who had "Warm me, Bennie; I am so cold. Give me a
grown weak and ill with all her sorrow, lay help- little sunshine-a little sunshine !"
less upon her narrow bed, and sighed when she Bennie heard her say this so often that he began
thought how very, very poor they were, and won- to notice, for the first time, that the sun did not
dered what should become of little Ben. shine down here, and wondered why it did not, if
Oh, if I could only get well and strong enough his good old grandma wanted it so much. Once,
to work !" she said, over and over again; and her when he heard her say it again as she closed her
heart grew heavier each day as she felt herself grow eyes with a sigh, he opened the door, and called
weaker and saw how little chance there was of her up the stairs as loud as he could, Come down,
getting better, there in that damp, cellar-like room, sunshine come down and warm grandma; she is
into which no ray of warm sunlight ever found its cold !"
way. But the sunbeams only danced on the doorstep,
Ben was a merry little fellow, and happy enough and did not seem willing to come down the dark
in his own way. He loved his good old grand- stairs into the chilly room below.
mother dearly, and after buying the loaf of brown "You are naughty !" cried little Ben, holding
-bread at the baker's every morning with the pennies the door open for a minute or two to see if the sun-
she gave him, he would take in from the doorstep shine would not make up its mind to come. But
the big cracked pitcher into which the milkman al- it would not, and then he forgot all about it, and
ways stopped to pour a little milk when he passed was playing in it a few moments after as happy as
at sunrise, and empty it into the yellow bowl, then ever.
cut off two great slices from the loaf, as smartly as One morning, however, he awoke very early.
a little man, and break them up into it, as the old His poor old grandma was tossing about in her
grandmother liked it. When all this was done, sleep, moaning pitifully, and murmuring from time
and he had given old grey Tom his share upon to time the words he had heard so often, Oh, for
the broken saucer, he clambered up on the bed, sat a little sunshine !-a little sunshine !"
down with the bowl between his knees, and began Little Ben rubbed his eyes, climbed down from
to feed his grandmother with the pewter spoon, the foot of her bed, where he always slept, slipped
giving her a mouthful between each of his, and on his jacket and pinafore and buttoned on his
thus the three would make out quite a nice break- short trousers, then sat down on a stool, and, rest-
fast. ing his flaxen head on' both of his chubby hands,
But the old grandmother knew that a time would commenced thinking, as gravely as a little man.
come, ere long, when there would be no more pen- This would never do His poor grandma must
nies in the little wooden box on the shelf to pay for have some sunshine He frowned when he thought
the bread and milk, and then, unless she soon grew how naughty it was not to come, when she could
better and could earn others, what should become never climb up to the doorstep for it as Tom and
of them ? he did. But she should have some, anyhow. He


would get it. Suddenly he clasped his little hands brown pitcher and trying to fit them together
and cried: again.
I know I'll go out to the meadow papa used All my pretty sunshine spilt !" he cried, almost
to take me to, where it's warmer, and where weeping with sorrow and vexation.
there 's more of it than here in the street, and bring What was to be done ? He would bring home
some home to grandma in something!" And he some of it, and now, what should he put it in ?
began at once to look for something to put it in. He threw away the pieces, seeing they were of
But there was only the yellow bowl, and that no use, and took off his little old straw hat to see
would not do because it had no lid, and he might what that might hold. But, dear me that was all
spill all the sunshine before he got home with it; full of holes, through which the sunshine would
and the tin pail on the shelf was no good, for it had have leaked out long before he got home.
a hole in the bottom, through which it would
leak out. ,
There was nothing but the cracked pitcher -, -
out on the door-step,-perhaps the milkman '
had not come yet, and it was empty. That "" -.-' .,'"
would have to do. It had a little top, though 'L
it wasn't a very little pitcher. He could' -
fill it on the meadow and hold it shut with
his hand till he got back to his grandma. '
And the little fellow climbed up the stairs, .
and there, sure enough, stood the brown
pitcher still empty, for it was but just get-
ting light.
How lucky!" thought Bennie, running
down once more for the yellow bowl to put /
in its place. Then he started off with his l'. / n
pitcher around the corner and down the '. -'. '
street his papa used to take when he went .: ''
to the meadow; for Ben was a bright little ,.. A
fellow, and remembered the way well. ''
"I shall be back by the time grandma .
wakes up," said Bennie, trotting along so
fast that he reached the meadow just as the .'i1', "'''
sun was shedding its first rosy light over it. I '
"How sweet! said he, holding up his '.,l-
little hand into the pink light. "I must '
get some of this That 's a great deal pret-
tier than the yellow kind on the doorstep, .
and grandma will like it ., A
And he held the little brown pitcher to- .--'.,
wards the sun and let it shine right into it,
and when he thought it must be full, quickly ,
pressed his dimpled hand on the top and
started off in a run homeward. The dew flew
up around him like spray, so fast did his lit- BENNE STARTS OFF IN A IUN HOMEWARD.
tle bare feet dash through the tall grass and
wild flowers, which he did not even glance at now So there he sat frowning, his flaxen head resting
in his breathless haste to get home with his pitcher, on both hands again, trying to think what to do
Perhaps they were displeased at being overlooked next. But no thought would come to him this
in this way by Bennie, who had never passed them time, and he got up to go home, with a pout on his
thus before, and wanted to stop him, for suddenly red lips.
some tall grasses tripped his feet, and down went As he rose he noticed for the first time what
Bennie with all force upon'the earth, and smash! lovely flowers were blooming all around him in
went the pitcher in his hand. the tall grass, glistening with dew in the morning
Poor little Ben There he sat on his knees in light. And, for a moment, forgetting everything
the wet grass, picking up the pieces of the old else, he ran from one to the other, picking the


prettiest, and had already gathered a great bunch, The rosy morning-light in the lily had changed
when his eyes fell upon a most beautiful white lily, into a brilliant ruby in little Bennie's loving hand.
bending towards him on its tall, graceful stem, its *
snowy cup filled to overflowing with the rosy light For the first time since her illness, Bennie's
of the morning sun. grandmother could sit up in bed, and before many
In an instant little Ben flung down all the flowers more days had passed she was able to get up and
he had gathered, and cried, joyfully, "The very walk about. The rich light of the ruby was warmer
thing! and as fast as his nimble fingers would than the sun on the door-step; and ere long she
do it, he closed the white leaves of the lily firmly grew quite strong and well again.
down upon the cup, and held them there with- How happy was little Ben when his grandmother,
one hand, while he broke off the flower with the with Tom and himself, climbed up the stairs once
other, and then ran with his treasure, holding it more, and sat there on the doorstep bright and
tightly shut all the time, back across the meadow joyous in the sunshine.
and through the streets as fast as his little feet Bennie, my darling," she said, looking at the
would carry him, until he reached his grand- ruby in the sunlight, "I think we are rich now.
mother's room. This is a precious jewel."
Grandma! grandma !" cried little Ben, running And she went out that very morning and staid
up to her, breathlessly, with the flower in his hand, away for more than an hour. When she returned,
" here is some pretty pink sunshine for you from she put her arms about him and kissed him many
the meadow !" times, with tears of joy, and then she drew a bag
The old woman eagerly seized the fresh, dewy from her pocket, filled with shining gold coins the
flower with her trembling hands, and as little jeweler had given her for the precious stone.
Bennie took his fingers off from its top and the Oh, how very happy they were !
white leaves rose up around it again like a snowy Grandmother bought a very little house with one
star, he was sure he saw a beautiful rosy light shine pleasant room, whose bright windows opened out
from it upon the wrinkled face that bent over it. upon that very meadow where little Ben had found
See cried Bennie, clapping his dimpled the lily, and the rosy sunlight shone in upon them
hands with joy, see the pretty sunshine !" every morning, and there she and Bennie and old
"What is this, Bennie?" she said, turning to- Tom lived happily for the rest of their lives.
wards him. Where in the world did you get this Some persons may say this little story is only a
beautiful gem?" legend, and not to be believed; others may think
Bennie did not understand what she meant, and that some very rich lady, plucking lilies in the
peeped into the lily in her hand to see the sunshine, meadow, dropped her jewel into one of those that
wondering that it had held so much. There, in the she left ungathered. But Isay to you, dear young
very centre of the cup, sparkled a wonderful shin- friends, that never in this world did anybody go
ing stone, like a drop of crimson dew, from which hunting for sunshine to brighten another's life but
the rosy light streamed up, brighter even than the a jewel came to light, as precious as the beautiful
sunlight on the dewy grass in the meadow, gem that Bennie gave to his grandmother.


By M. M. D.

"Now, children," said Puss, as she shook her head,
"It is time your morning lesson was said."
So her kittens drew near with footsteps slow,
And sat down before her, all in a row.

"Attention, class !" said the cat-mamma,
"And tell me quick where your noses are!"
At this, all the kittens sniffed the air,
As though it were filled with a perfume rare.

1874.] PUSSY'S CLASS. 657

"Now, what do you say when you want a drink?"
The kittens waited a moment to think,
And then the answer came clear and loud-
You ought to have heard how those kittens meow'd !

"Very well. 'T is the same, with a sharper tone,
When you want a fish or a bit of a bone.
Now, what do you say when children are good ?"
And the kittens purred as soft as they could.

"And what do you do when children are bad?
When they tease and pull?" Each kitty looked sad.
"Pooh!" said their mother. "That isn't enough;
You must use your claws when children are rough.

_= ~ t l=' :--- --- _._--._...li_--= --

-- .

"And where are your claws? No, no, my dear"
(As she took up a paw). "See! they're hidden here."
Then all the kittens crowded about,
To see their sharp little claws brought out.

They felt quite sure they should never need
To use such weapons-oh no, indeed!
But their wise mamma gave a pussy's pshaw!"
And boxed their ears with her softest paw.

"Now sftisss! as hard as you can," she said;
But every kitten hung down its head.
"Sp/isss! I say," cried the mother cat;
But they said, mammy, we can't do that."

"Then go and play," said the fond mamma;
"What sweet little idiots kittens are!
Ah well I was once the same, I suppose"-
And she looked very wise and rubbed her nose.
VOL. I.-43.


How many of our young readers can tell us the names of the strange-looking objects that are shown in this picture?
They may all be found on our Atlantic sea-coast.


Author of the ack Hazard" Stories.

CHAPTER XXXI. to what do I owe the honor of this visit ? It 's so
long since I had the pleasure!

"As long ago as when you were in the 'Lectrical
HA! han my young friend I never was so 'Lixir business, and Phin was the son of poor, ut
taken !" said the professor, rallying quickly, and honest parents, who blew your trumpet for you,

CHAPTER XXXI. to what do I owe the honor of this visit ? It's so

assuming an air of gayety. I thought 't was my after you had cured him of a whole catalogue of
dear boy. Where is he? How come you here? diseases !" said Jack, sarcastically. "I remember
I called on business," replied Jack, quietly. that good-natered little interview on the circus
How 's Phineas? ground "
You mean-ha-Master Felix; for he 's Master You played a shrewd game, I must confess "
Felix now, the celebrated clairvoyant. He's cheer- said the other, with a forced laugh. "And I love
ful; he 's lovely," said the professor, airily. a shrewd game, though I be the victim, as I've
"Was n't he here when you came in?" often had occasion to observe. You was shrewd,
"There was nobody here; so I sat down to and I don't resent it."
wait." "And how have you and Phin-excuse me, I
Aha That's very strange. Where can the mean Master Felix-been flourishing since then? "
rogue have gone ? And-my dear friend! said Jack inquired.
the professor, nervously,-for he appeared strangely On the hull, finely We've had our ups and
to suspect the friendliness of Jack's intentions,- downs; but variety is the spice of life, you know;

i874.] FAST FRIENDS. 659

and all's well that ends well; and here we be at replied, Come, now! be good-natered! lc's both
last, on the top wave of fortune," added the pro- be good-natered, and I '11 tell ye the honest truth.
fessor, pricking at the wick of the lamp. I had n't the cash when your friend brought in the
You 've an eloquent hand-bill here," said Jack. hand-bill, or I should n't have took the trouble to
"You've read it? And admired it, I hope! shav2 him so close."
Aint it tremenjuous ? Takes with our sort of cus- "I accept the apology," said Jack, provided
tomers wonderfully you '11 make it good by paying him, now that you
You must have had help in writing it." have the cash. No pretence of poverty now,
Well, to be honest, I had; for I don't pretend George Reddington! You had a handful of money
to hold the pen of a ready writer myself. I fur- before you, just as you noticed me here in Phin's
nished the pints, and employed one of the most place. Then you snatched it up. It's there in
brilliant young men of genius about town, to write your pocket now."
'em out; a very noted young author." My young friend," said the professor, laying
"Ah said Jack. If he is very noted, per- his hand on the said pocket, and bowing,-for he
haps I have heard of him." had again risen to his feet,-" it's a matter of
Very likely. Ah-let me see-I can't recall principle with me never to pay an old debt."
his name. Very young; but 0, what talent!" Jack laughed scornfully. "A quack-a hum-
You must have to pay such talent very liber- bug-like you, to talk of principle "
ally." Is it possible," grinned De Waldo, that you
"Liberally? Munificently! I pay everybody don't believe in our new science? "
munificently now. Why, sir, the writing of that Whether I do or not, I don't believe in such
hand-bill cost me a round twenty dollars." professors of it as you. I do believe there 's some-
Professor De Waldo, or Doctor Lamont, or thing in mesmerism and clairvoyance,-a great
Doctor Doyley, or good-natered John Wilkins,-in deal; and I think it is too bad that as soon as any
short, George Reddington," said Jack, with a de- such new thing is talked of, you sharpers and ignor-
termined look, you and I know each other pretty amuses should rush to take it up, and make it a
well, and there 's no use of your trying your little nuisance, and disgust honest-minded people with
humbug with me. I think you '11 remember the it, before they have a chance to know anything
name of your talented young author in a minute, else about it. That's my opinion of you and your
Here 's the original copy of your hand-bill, with his science."
name written up there in the corner. It was a I must say," replied De Waldo, still grinning,
shrewd game you played with him; but I don't so but with sparkling malice, "your remarks is gittin
much admire your kind of shrewdness. I'm his ruther personal."
friend, and I've come to collect, not the twenty And as for your paying old debts," Jack went
dollars you say you paid him, but the five dollars on, you paid one to me once, and you did seem
you promised and did n't pay." to regard it as a great mistake at the time."
The professor looked at the manuscript, and Yes and for that very thing I owe you no
smiled a very skinny smile, good will! cried De Waldo, shaking his fist at
Well, this is a double surprise To think you Jack, who still quietly kept his seat. Your friend
should be the friend of that young man he said, has sent the wrong man to collect his bills; and
politely returning the paper, now I tell you to clear out of this room, or you 'l
"Will you pay me ? said Jack. git kicked out! "
"I am your humble servant," replied De Waldo, "Lay your hands on me," said Jack, "and
with mock courtesy; but when you talk of pay, something worse will happen to you than has hap-
I must beg respectfully to be excused. Paying aint opened to your son Phineas already."
in my line of business." You know what-what has happened to him? "
Have n't you the least atom of honor or shame said the professor, again changing his manners,
about you ?" cried Jack. I think I never heard and looking decidedly anxious.
of so mean a trick. You hired my friend to write Pay me the five dollars I've come for, and I 'il
the hand-bill, copied it secretly, and then gave it tell you what has happened to him. If you don't
back to him, with the pretence that it did n't suit pay me, I'll stay here and be your Master Felix in
you! I've heard that thieves and pickpockets a way you wont like. I'm out of business just
have a little honor; if so, you are not fit for their now, and I'll just give my time to exposing your
company." miserable humbug to every customer who comes to
The professor seemed to feel these earnest home- your door. Though there'll be no need of my
thrusts; for after a moment's pause, during which troubling myself, unless you get your Master Felix
he hastily pricked up the lamp-wick once more, he back again."


Now, look here said the professor, more and Jack saw a chance of getting his five dollars, if
more disturbed. Be reasonable; and le's come to he insisted upon it; but he chose to accept the
an understanding. What has happened to my smaller sum, for good reasons,-partly because he
boy?" knew that George would have been glad to get so
"Will you give me five dollars? much, and would have thought himself well paid;
How do I know you 've a right to collect the but chiefly because he feared lest, if the professor
money ?" held out a few minutes longer, something might
"There's the manuscript; that shows you plain occur to break off the negotiation. In short, he
enough, if you really cared anything for the right." believed Phin might at any moment return,
"Well," said he, pocketing
the three dollars with a stern
SI I' .' '.q smile of satisfaction, you 've
S-'"' -- given me the credit of being
_..',-.. II truthful; and now I '11 tell you
Sr w what I know of Phin. As I was
S, i coming by a grocery store on
t I this street, I saw a man drag-
"eoe i y v o- going a boy into the door, for
Stealing something out of the
aIndI Ii t t '1 open boxes or barrels outside.
i I i I saw only the boy's back, and
Si I did n't recognize him; but
"- Jac". now, the more I think of it,
tn -. the surer I am that boy was
Phineas. The man was threat-
ening to give him over to the
S police."
How was he dressed ?"
He had on a brown coat,
and a sort of Scotch cap."
That 's him!" exclaimed
the professor, with a gleam of
excitement in his lank face.
"He was after them peas, to
blow in his confounded blow-
_..-.-..- pipe. I wish I had smashed it,
_- as I threatened, long ago! I
S_- can't spare him now, or I'd let
S.. him go,-and good enough for
"TAKE THREE DOLLARS, AND HERE'S YOUR MONEY." him, for getting' into such a
scrape I "
"'Settle for two dollars, and tell me where my Jack went out with the professor, and accom-
boy is, and it's a bargain." Fanied him to the grocery where Phin had been
Five dollars insisted Jack. captured. He could not help feeling an interest in
But how do I know you really know anything his old companion, and a desire to meet him again.
about him ? But the luckless youth had already been given over
George Reddington, you've lied to me about to the police; and Jack was too eager to run home
as often as you even spoke to me, but you know I with his money, to think of following Phin's for-
never lied to you. Now, I say, something has tunes farther that night.
happened to Phin,-somethingbad enough, too,-
and I promise to tell you what it is, if you pay me; CHAPTER XXXII.
otherwise, I get my pay in a way that will be a
great deal worse for you."
Jack," replied the professor, more seriously HE found George in bed, almost too ill to care
than he had yet spoken, I don't like you, that's for the money, or to listen to his story.
a fact; but I trust you. Take three dollars, and Jack was alarmed. He sat on the bed, in the
here's your money." comfortless room, lighted only by a dim reflection

r87.1 FAST FRIENDS. 661

from the street, and felt his friend's hot brow and but he had scarcely fallen asleep, when his friend's
palm; and asked, imploringly, to know what he restless tossing and moaning waked him, and he
could do for him. jumped up to light the candle again, and see what
"For we've a pile of money now, you know, could be done.
and you can have whatever you like In this way he was up and down all night, gladly
"I 've been thinking-if I could have just a taste sacrificing himself, but without the satisfaction of
of lemonade-you are so good faltered poor feeling that all his care and watching brought his
George, in a feeble voice, poor friend any relief.
"Wait five minutes!" cried Jack; and he The good woman of the house had but just en-
rushed from the room. tered her kitchen the next morning, when a hag-
In the overflow of his heart, he bought half-a- gard, anxious boy's face appeared at the door. It
dozen lemons and half-a-pound of sugar at the was the face of Jack.
nearest grocery. Then, noticing some fine oranges Mrs. Dolberry if you will be so good, ma'am,
in the window, and remembering the wistful looks -my friend is in a bad way,-I don't know what
George had cast upon them the last time they to do for him,-and if you will be so kind as to
passed that way together, he bought some of these, come and see him "
together with a pound of the nicest soda biscuit. She was a large, coarse woman; and Jack re-
A few dried herrings, the usual supply of bread membered with a pang of remorse the instinctive
and cheese, and two candles, completed his stock dislike both he and George had felt towards her,
of purchases. The result was that when he reached and the fun they had made of her in their merrier
home, and paid his rent to the landlord,-who days. But within that mass of flesh, which cer-
dunned him for it as they met on the stairs,-he tainly appeared open to ridicule as it climbed with
found that, of the three dollars he had collected toilsome steps and asthmatic breath the lodging-
that evening of Professor De Waldo, he had but house stairs, there was a woman's heart, as Jack
fifteen cents left. discovered now, in time of need.
"No matter!" thought he. "George must Here, Janet!" she cried; finish slicin' up
have what he needs, anyway; I 'll trust to luck for these taters. Slash on some coal soon as ever the
the rest. Cheer up, old fellow he cried, as he fire gits kindled a little. I'll be back in a second."
entered the room. I 've something for you." The idea of her making the journey to the upper
The first thing was to light one of the candles, story and back in that brief space of time, was one
The next, to mix some lemonade in a glass, and of those ridiculous things which the boys would
stir it with an old case-knife (their only utensil), have had some mirth over a few days ago. It was
which they kept hidden in the table drawer. certainly no trifling undertaking for a creature of
"Now drink, George; I know it will do you her short breath and vast bulk; but she set about
good Jack said, taking the glass to the bedside. it heroically, placing a hand on her knee to aid her
"Wont you-drink a little yourself-first?" ascent, and making a forcible gasp at every step,
George said, faintly; even in his great distress like a man chopping wood. Jack, however,-
thinking of his friend's comfort before his own. though, in his impatience, he thought she had
Never fear but I'll look out for myselfI ex- never been so slow,-felt no disposition to laugh at
claimed Jack; and he supported George while he her now.
drank. She entered the room, glanced quickly about it,
To his disappointment, George sipped only a then looked at George, and finally laid her hand
few drops, and then sank back on his pillow, com- gently on his head.
plaining of a violent headache. Your chum is in a burnin' fever," she said.
Can't you suck one of these oranges?" Jack "I knowed it soon as ever I set eyes on him. How
asked, with anxious sympathy. You remember long has he been so ?"
how good they looked to you the other day." Only since last evening."
"By and by-not now-you are so kind, dear He's got all run down; I've been feeling' all
Jack Let me rest a little while. 0 dear along 't suthin' wa' n't jest right with you two boys,
George turned his face to the wall; and soon, but 't wa' n't none o' my business, long as ye paid
from his heavy breathing, Jack thought he must be yer rent. Has he had his meals regular?"
asleep. Not very," Jack confessed.
Sleep is what he needs more than anything. "I thought so. Goin' 'thout warm dinners's
He'll be better in the morning. Poor fellow he enough to make anybody sick. I wondered whether
must n't work so hard, and starve himself in this you wa' n't pretty poor. But them oranges don't
way, any more look as if you was; I can't afford oranges, present
It was not long before Jack himself went to bed; prices."


I thought they would be good for him," Jack magazines, pawnbrokers' shops and Bowery Hall.
explained. What would be good?" Once he burst into a wild laugh, and, sitting up in
"A doctor can tell ye better 'n I can. I can bed, pointed at the mantelpiece, which he imag-
mos' gen'ly nu's' my own children; but I don't ined to be the stage of the colored minstrels.
want nothing' to do with a case of fever. Been out Jack, as Miss Dinah see him dance Funny
of his head, ha' n't he ? as anything can be, till they bring out my piece!
Some of the time; he has talked of all sorts of Where's Fitz Dingle ? Then, after listening to
things." some imaginary conversation, he added, seriously,
My 'pinion, he's dangerously sick," said the They say Fitz Dingle has gambled away his bad
woman; and the sooner ye bring the doctor to eye ; but I don't think it a very great loss."
him the better." Half the time he did not know Jack; and if he
What doctor do you recommend ?" Jack asked, chanced to know him at one moment, he took him
with despair at his heart, for somebody else the next.
Doctor Maxwell, jest a few doors down this It was at this crisis that Dr. Maxwell made his
street. Aint nobody better'n him. Terms reason- third visit. After again examining the patient, he
able, too. He comes to them that employs him turned to Jack:
regular, for half-a-dollar a visit. He '11 come to any- It is my duty to say to you that your friend is
body in my house for that." threatened with a dangerous fever; and that, if he
Jack seized his cap. He did not know where the has any relations, they should be notified at once.
half-dollars were coming from to pay the doctor; It will be impossible for you to give him all the care
and he did not stop to consider; he only knew he needs; and it will be putting rather too much
that the doctor must be called, on Mrs. Dolberry to have him sick in her house,
I am very thankful to you," he murmured, unless you can get some assistance."
Don't think of sich a thing. I only wish ye 'd O, I can take care of him I wont leave him,
axed me in afore. And now if there's anything day or night cried Jack, quite wild in his distress.
else I can do for ye,-any hot water, when the doc- Only tell me he will live "
tor comes, or Injin meal and soft soap for poultice, I hope he may,-I shall do all I possibly can
-there's nothing' like a soft-soap 'poultice to sweat for him," replied the doctor. "And be sure you
off diseases,-or a light and nourishin' broth for do your part, so that you may have nothing to re-
your friend, soon as he 's able to take it,-you 've gret. I 'll look in again at about nine o'clock."
only to call on me, and I'll jump at the chance." The climax of Jack's woes seemed to be reached;
Jack did not smile, as he would once have done, and after the doctor's departure he gave way, for
at the thought of the excellent woman, with all her the first time, to feelings of utter grief and despair.
flesh, jumping at anything. Tears were in his He could see no hope but that George would die;
eyes, as he thanked her again, and hastened to he would certainly die, he thought, unless help
bring the doctor. could be speedily had; for what could he do, alone
The doctor came. He examined the patient, with him in the great city, without money and
looked grave, shook his head, and mixed some without friends ?
medicines with a solemn air, which filled Jack with He blamed himself for everything; and now the
horrible dread. Having explained how and when memory of their one quarrel came back to him with
they were to be taken, and administered the first a pang which he thought would never cease to
dose himself, he said, in answer to Jack's anxious rankle in his breast, unless he could hear George
questions: say once more that he freely forgave him all.
He 's pretty sick,-that's all I 'm prepared to
say now. I can judge of the case better, after I see CHAPTER XXXIII.
what effect the medicines have on him. He can't
have too careful nursing. Be sure and not neglect
anything I have told you. I 'll look in again in the BUT Jack was not a lad to give himself up to
course of the day." the bitterness of despair, when there was something
He came again at noon; but discovered no to be done.
favorable symptoms in his patient. At five o'clock That he might have nothing more to regret, he
he paid a third visit, and had a consultation with resolved to take the doctor's advice, and write to
Mrs. Dolberry (who waylaid him in the entry) be- George's friends. There, on the table, was the
fore coming up stairs. letter to Vinnie, which had been written the day
George had been delirious all the afternoon; before, but not sealed; and he determined to en-
talking incoherently of Vinnie, the pickpockets, close a few words of his own in that.
Mrs. Libby and Mr. Manton, manuscripts and This done, he wrote the long-contemplated letter

r874.] FAST FRIENDS. 663

to Mr. Chatford, asking for help. His pride was and with it the doctor. He had furnished all nec-
now all gone; and he blamed himself bitterly for essary medicines on his previous visits, but he now
not writing before. '"If I had," thought he, wrote a prescription for something which he seemed
" Gebrge might have been saved from this. Now to consider very important, to be bought at the
it will be a week before I can expect a reply,-and apothecary's. It would cost, he said, about half-a-
who knows what may happen before then? dollar. Jack trembled. For his friend's sake he
Mr. Dolberry came in,-a brisk little man, a was afraid to say that they had, between them, but
dozen years younger than his wife, and such a fifteen cents in the world; thinking the doctor
pygmy, compared with her, that the boys used to would, with that knowledge, drop the case at once,
nickname him Little Finger. He brought a plate and that George would then have to be carried to
of toast, with a message from the Hand to which the hospital.
(as the boys fabled) he belonged. If I live," Jack vowed to himself, after the doc-
"She says you must eat it, or you'll be sick tor was gone, "I'llI pay him for his visits some
yourself," he said to Jack, setting down the plate, day,-somehow And I'll get this medicine, too,
"You must look out about that. I don't know and pay for it; there must be some way !"
what under the sun would become of you both, or An idea, which he had suggested to George,
of us, if you should be took down. You'd have to mostly in jest, now occurred to him in a more seri-
go the hospital, for aught I see. And I aint sure ous aspect.
but what your chum '11 have to go, as 't is. Doctor He had proposed, we remember, that they should
says he 's perty sick." take turns at pretending sickness and lying abed,
I can't let him go to the hospital! Jack ex- in order that one suit of clothes might serve for
claimed. He never shall be taken away from me, both, while the other suit went to the pawnbroker's.
if he lives. If he dies-then I don't care what But George was now sick in earnest; and why
happens." should not the plan be carried out in earnest?
"if you've got plenty of money," said the little "I'll put on his clothes, and pawn mine, for
man, "you may keep him out of the hospital; mine will bring more than his. They ought to
though I 'd advise you not to. It will be jest as bring five dollars; and that ought to buy his med-
well for him, and mabby better, to go; and enough icines, and what little I shall need to live on, till we
sight better for you, to let him go. You '11 be free get money either from his folks or mine. He wont
to run about your business then, as you can't now. want his clothes before then; if he does, he shall
It's an awful job-a terrible sacrifice-to take care have 'em, and I '11 go to bed."
of a person in a fever, day and night; and I don't With this thought, Jack began to clear his pock-
think you know what it is you undertake." ets again. Only two things of any importance
If, conveyed by this sincere advice, the selfish dropped out, besides some pawnbrokers' tickets.
thought entered Jack's mind, that he might shirk The first was a business card,-that of Josiah
his duty to his friend,-abandon him to the chari- Plummerton, the old gentleman who had kindly
ties of a public hospital, and the care of strangers, loaned the boys money to pay their fares, after their
while he, unhindered, looked out for his own wel- pockets were picked on the steamboat. They had
fare,-he received that thought only to abhor it, never yet hunted him up, because they had not seen
and reject it with scorn. How would he feel, ship- themselves in a condition to repay his loan, and did
ping as a hand on board a boat, and returning to not care to ask a second favor from him until they
the home and friends he had so rashly left, while, could properly acknowledge the first. But now
for aught he knew, the companion he had deserted Jack thought that, as a last resort, he would apply
might be dying under the hands of hired nurses, to their old friend.
and calling for him in vain? As he was looking at the card, and shaking his
"You are very kind-Mrs. Dolberry is very pockets, a small bright stone, or bit of glass, fell
kind," he replied. I hope we sha' n't trouble you out and rolled across the floor. He picked it up,
too much. But I shall keep my friend with me if and looked at it with surprise. How such a thing
I can." ever came in his pocket was a complete mystery to
Jack passed another fearful night with his patient, him. It had facets and angles, and it reflected
giving him his medicines, with occasionally a sip the light with beautiful prismatic rays. He would
of lemonade, and trying to soothe him in his fits of have thought it a diamond, but for the absurdity
delirium. He was now so tired that, at the slight- of supposing that diamonds could be found tum-
est opportunity that occurred, whether it found him bling about the world in that way, and getting into
reclining in the bed or sitting in a chair, he could boys' pockets.
catch a few minutes' sleep. It's an imitation of a diamond, though,"
It was an unspeakable relief when morning came, thought Jack; though that easy conjecture did


not help him at all towards a solution of the mys- That friend was Mr. Josiah Plummerton. He
tery. He laid the stone with the card on the mantel- was proprietor of a sail-loft, over on the East river.
piece, and was proceeding to roll up his clothes in Jack was little acquainted in that part of the city,
a compact bundle, when something-he could he had a good distance to travel, and it took him
hardly have told what-caused him to change his half-an-hour to find the place. Then he learned,
mind; and, unfolding them again, after some hesi- to his dismay, that Mr. Plummerton had not come
station he put them on. Perhaps he reflected that, to his office that morning, and that his place of
if he was to call on Mr. Plummerton, he had better residence was in Brooklyn.
appear in his own attire. Soon Mrs. Dolberry When Jack took the card from the mantelpiece,
came to bring him a cup of coffee and a baked he also slipped the little stone into his vest pocket.
potato, and to see how his friend was. He thought no more about it until, as he was re-
"And now," said she, give me all your dirty turning home, disconsolate, from his fruitless jour-
clothes; they can go into my wash as well as not. ney, like a flash of light the recollection came to
You boys don't 'pear as though you'd had a him of the pickpocket's diamond ring.
woman to look after ye, lately Can't you put on This is the missing stone! exclaimed Jack to
a clean shirt, and give me the one you're wearing' ?" himself. But it is most likely false; everything
"All our under-clothes are soiled," Jack was is false about these fellows. I'll show it to some-
forced to confess; and it's too bad to trouble you body."
with 'em." Passing a jeweler's door, as he was crossing the
"Never mind the trouble. But how comes it Bowery, he went in, and asked a bald-headed man
about that a couple of nice-appearin' young men behind the counter to look at the stone,, and give
like you two, don't have your washin' 'tended to ? an opinion of it.
Your socks aint so bad off-though they look as The man glanced at it; then, looking keenly at
though you had darned 'em yourselves; but your Jack, as if the fact of his possessing it was rather
shirts suspicious, he asked, Is it yours ?"
The truth was, that the boys had washed their "I think I shall claim it," Jack replied. "I
own socks, and darned them with materials George had my pocket picked of forty dollars, in Albany,
had brought with him for that purpose; but the a few weeks ago; and the rogue left this in its
washing and doing-up of shirts was something place."
quite beyond them. As Jack hesitated in his reply, "It dropped out of his ring," said the man,
the good woman went on: growing interested. If he got only forty dollars,
I do believe that I guessed right in the first he did n't make a very good trade."
place ; you 're short of money If that's so, the How so? cried Jack, surprised; for, even if a
sooner you let me know it the better." diamond, he had not thought of its being worth
Whatever else he did, Jack could not lie to her. more than eight or ten dollars, such was his ignor-
As he began to speak, his tongue was loosed, his ance of stones. He got nearly thirty dollars from
heart opened, and he poured forth the story of a friend of mine at the same time."
their misfortunes. You have rather the best end of the bargain
Wal! now I 'm glad I know she said, dash- after all," the man replied, examining the stone
ing a big tear from her cheek. It's a hard case; with a glass, and then dropping it on a fine pair of
but now you must see the folly of trying' to take scales behind him.
care o' your sick friend and keep him in my house. Is it really-a diamond ?"
Me and my husband '11 do everything we can for It is a diamond, and a fine one."
ye; but you aint sure your friends will send you a Is it worth the money we were robbed of-
dollar; and there '11 be doctors' bills, and every- seventy dollars ? "
thing; and my doctor can git your chum into the "Yes, double that," replied the jeweler, passing
hospital, where he'll have good care; and that, as the stone back to its present possessor. You
I see, is the only thing to be done. Now eat your made a good trade. That stone never cost less
breakfast, and think it over, while I send this pre- than a hundred and fifty or sixty dollars."
scription to the 'pothecary's, withthe money to pay Will you buy it? cried Jack, eagerly.
for 't." I 'd rather not take a stone that you came by
Jack drank the coffee, but he could not eat a in that way. Not but what I think you are hon-
mouthful, he was so full of misery. est," the jeweler added, seeing Jack's countenance
In a little while Mr. Dolberry brought the med- fall; but it seems you had it of a rogue, and very
icine, and helped to give the patient a dose of it; likely he got it dishonestly."
after which he consented to remain by the bedside Jack felt the force of the argument, and was a
while Jack went out to find a friend, good deal shaken by it.

X874.1 FAST FRIENDS. 665

Then, if I can't sell it, what's the good of hav- on the shoulder. Jack turned, and to his surprise
ing made so good a trade, as you call it? I don't encountered the polite Professor De Waldo.
want a diamond; but my friend is sick, and we I was just thinking of Phineas; and wondering
have no money, and Jack began to choke. ," began Jack.
Perhaps you can find somebody willing to buy Wonder no more Look here; and, if you
it of you, and take the risk of the rightful owner have n't seen it already, be amazed, be indig-
coming to claim it," replied the jeweler. Or "- nant! "
observing Jack's distress-" if your want is only And the professor, taking a newspaper from his
pocket, pointed to a paragraph
headed, "Master Felix in a
S .. Fix."
S'-' Glancing his eye over the
.- item, Jack saw that it was a
facetious account of the arrest

Saturday evening.
Now where 's your friend,
the famous author, the young

do. I've another job for him;
-- Iand I '11 pay him this time, and
"' pay him well. I want him to
w' 'rite a reply to this paragraph,
,II iii; Bdescribing the strange things
Master Felix does under the
influence, and then crack up his
clairvoyant powers-get it into
all the papers-make a mag-
I I nificent advertisement, don't
'I b you see?"
SlJack saw, and marveled at
to ga the father who could thus coolly
i .. I ,Ie think of turning his son's mis-
CE X I Teyh If fortune and disgrace to a pecu-
I 'niary advantage.
S- Where is Phineas now?"
he asked.
"Before the police court, I
JACK AND THE JEWELER. expect, by this time. But that'll
be all right; I've seen the man
temporary, and a small sum will answer your pur- who had him arrested; I've an understanding with
pose, I will lend you ten dollars on it; for you seem him." And the professor touched his pocket.
to be an honest lad." "Wont you come and see my boy? Then git your
Jack could not express his thanks. He was only friend to write us up."
too glad to leave the costly trifle in the jeweler's Jack replied that his friend was not in a con-
hands, and take the proffered ten dollars, for im- edition to write *up anybody; but, thinking this
mediate use. might be his only opportunity of seeing Phin, he
accompanied the professor.
CHAPTER XXXIV. They found the court-room crowded with spec-
THE POLICE COURT. tators, many of them belonging to the lowest class
of society,-rogues and roughs, whose very gar-
CROSSING over to Broadway, he passed along ments reeked with the atmosphere of vice; some
Leonard street; and was just opposite the great attracted solely by a morbid curiosity to witness
city prison,-from its gloomy style of architecture, the coarse drama of life enacted every Monday
and the use it served, called the Tombs,-when morning on the stage of the police court ; others
somebody ran lightly after him, and clapped him by a personal interest in the fate of the prisoners.


A number of these were ranged on a long bench man listened with humble attention. The case was
against the wall, behind a bar, guarded by con- then dismissed.
stables. They were mostly a vicious-looking set, As Mr. Manton was leaving the court-room, he
being men and boys arrested since Saturday, nearly passed near Jack, whom he evidently knew; how-
all for drunkenness, assault and battery, or petty ever, as he did not seem to be in his usual spirits,
theft. In this row were two persons whom Jack Jack did not accost him. But when Mr. Plummer-
recognized, with mingled feelings of surprise and ton was passing afterwards, Jack put out his hand.
heart-sickness. It was a moment before the old gentleman recog-
One was Master Felix. He sat at the end of the nized him; then he exclaimed:
row, twirling his cap, and looking anxiously among "Ah, I remember the steamboat! YQu are
the spectators, until his eyes rested on the pro- one of the young fellows who had their pockets
fessor, and his face suddenly lighted up with a picked. And how have you got on since ?"
gleam of hope. The next moment he saw Jack; "Rather poorly, some of the time; and now
and his countenance changed to a queer expression my friend is sick. I have been to see you once,
of shame and grinning audacity, and I am going again soon."
The other person whom Jack recognized sat Do so. I have thought of you more than once.
between two burly ruffians, with whose coarse gar- But what 's your business here ? "
ments and features his own fashionable attire and That boy at the end of the row of prisoners is
polite face presented a curious contrast. Yet his an old acquaintance of mine; and I just ran in, on
coat had not the usual gloss; his linen appeared his account."
sadly soiled and crumpled; his hair and whiskers Ah Where have you known him ?"
lacked the customary careful curl; his chin bristled He was brought up by the man I lived with in
with a beard of two days' growth; his gay features the country-Mr. Chatford. He is a relative of the
were downcast; in short, the whole man had so family, and he was adopted as Mr. Chatford's own
much the appearance of having passed a dismal son. But-you see that man talking with the
Sunday in the Tombs, that at first Jack hardly policeman, over there ? That is the boy's father-
knew him. But, looking again, he was sure of his a regular quack and swindler; he came along, and
man. It was Mr. Manton. got the boy away from the best place in the world,
And who was that kind-looking old gentleman and now they travel together."
just leaning over the bar to speak to him ? Jack I 'm glad you've no worse errand, for yourself,
had a side view of his face: it was one he could in this place said the old gentleman. It's bad
never forget,-that of his old friend, Mr. Plum- enough to be obliged to come on account of others.
merton, whom he had been to find that very morn- Call and see me. I am in a hurry now."
ing. Another petty case having been quickly disposed
Does he know Mr. Manton ?" thought Jack. of, that of Master Felix came next in turn. The
Then he remembered that the woman who talked grocer who had caused his arrest did not appear
with him on the steamboat, when he was passing against him; but the policeman who had taken the
around the hat, had proved to be Mr. Manton's prisoner in charge made a brief explanation.
wife; and it now occurred to him that she and the The grocer, he said, had acted impulsively, hav-
old gentleman might then have been traveling in ing been much annoyed by repeated acts of pilfer-
company. ing from his exposed boxes; but Professor De
An Irishman, who was arraigned for beating his Waldo had satisfied him that the lad did not really
wife, on her own complaint, having been let off intend to steal, and had engaged that nothing of
with a light fine, which she cheerfully paid (her the kind should again occur.
heart relenting towards him), the next case called The professor himself then offered to make a
was that of Mr. Manton. speech, and began by describing the peculiar powers
It was pitiful to see the fallen gentleman stand of his pupil, the celebrated Master Felix; but
dangling his damaged hat, while a policeman testi- the judge cut him short, and the prisoner was dis-
fled to having found him asleep in the gutter, with charged, much to the chagrin of De Waldo, who
the curbstone for his pillow, very early on Sunday had counted on the occasion for advertising his
morning; and also to having picked him up in a business in Murray street.
similar condition twice before. As Master Felix was going out, Jack stepped up
No legal defence was set up; but Mr. Plummer- to him, and kindly gave him his hand.
ton, standing by the judge's desk, said a few words How are ye, Phin ? "
to him in a low voice. The judge then imposed a Hello, Jack said the celebrated," rather
fine (which Mr. Plummertbn paid), and gave Mr. sullenly. But, seeing that his old friend's manner
Manton some earnest advice, to which that gentle- was.really kind, and not sarcastic, as he had reason

1874.] FAST FRIENDS. 667

to suppose it would be, he added, more openly, "Now, what was that you said ? I did n't quite
"What's the news? How are all the folks at understand."
home? think you understood. But I can repeat it.
"All well; 'and I am glad you speak of it as I said I believed I had a diamond which would fit
home," replied Jack., that ring of yours."
That's old habit; it's no more a home to me, What do you mean? What ring ?"
and never can be Of course, Mr. MacPheeler," said Jack, your
I don't know about that, Phin. They often hand was never in my pocket, and so the stone I
speak of you, and I know, if you should wish to go found there, in place of my purse which was taken
back, you would be welcomed-by Mrs. Chatford, by some rogue, can't belong to you. And yet
especially; for she can never speak of you without I 've the strongest feeling, that somehow that
tears in her eyes." stone will fit your ring. I mean the ring which
Phin appeared touched. "She was always good we saw on your finger-my friend and I-when
enough to me he muttered. we met you on a certain evening, not a great
"Who was not good to you? Phin, you know while ago."
you left a good home, and good friends, when you Let me look at your stone a moment," said
left them; and if you would tell the truth, you Mr. Alex. MacPheeler.
would own that you were much better off then Excuse me," replied Jack. It is for sale, but
than you have ever been since." it is not to be handled in a public place like this.
I don't know-there 's no use talking about I don't think you need to see it, in order to know
that now. But what are you doing here in the the kind of stone it is. If you would like to buy it,
city?" say so. If not-good morning."
I can't tell you now-I must hurry back to a I should like a suitable stone for my ring," said
sick friend; but I want to see you again, Phin, be- MacPheeler, graciously. If yours is such a one
fore I leave New York. Think of what-- as I think, from your description, I'll give you
Jack did not finish his sentence. His eyes just twenty-five dollars for it."
then fell upon a well-dressed man entering the The price is one hundred and fifty dollars, Mr.
court-room, the sight of whom put for a moment MacPheeler," answered Jack, firmly; "and there's
everything else out of his mind. no use of your offering less-you who know what
When, a little later, he again thought of Phin, fine stones are."
and looked for him, he was gone, and he saw him Don't talk quite so loud," said MacPheeler,
no more. drawing Jack further aside. Do you remember
how much you lost with your purse ? "
CHAPTER XXXV. My friend and I together lost almost seventy
Well, I '11 give you seventy dollars for the
THE person who had thus attracted Jack's atten- stone. Then you wont lose anything."
tion pressed through the crowd, and, entering I beg your pardon said Jack, turning coldly
within the bar of the court, stood near the rail, away. You have made us a great deal of trouble."
talking with a lawyer about some criminal case I ?" cried MacPheeler, innocently.
which was soon coming to trial. I mean the rogues who robbed us," said Jack,
Jack struggled to get near, and, at the first willing to keep up the little fiction, to please Mr.
opportunity, reached over the rail and touched the Manton's friend. Not ten times seventy dollars
man on the shoulder. The man gave him a frown- would pay us for what we have suffered in conse-
ing look, and was turning away again, when Jack quence of that robbery. Now do you think I will
said, in a low voice, I've something for you." sell out for just the sum we lost ? I '11 sooner have
I don't know who you are," answered the man, one of the rogues arrested, and use that diamond
suspiciously. as evidence against him in court "
I think you do," said Jack, with sparkling Give me the stone, and here is your money,"
eyes. "At all events laughed MacPheeler, unfolding a roll of bills.
He whispered a sentence which caused the man You will have to go with me to a jeweler's over
quite to change his manner towards him, and on the corner of the Bowery," said Jack. There
answerr hurriedly, Well, hold on I '11 be with we'll make the exchange, if you wish it. But see
you in a minute." here, Alex. MacPheeler if that money is counter-
In a minute, accordingly, having finished his feit, or if you are not quite in earnest, we may as
conference with the lawyer, he came out, and with- well part at once."
drew with Jack into the vestibule of the court. The pickpocket smiled at Jack's natural distrust


of the character of his money and of the honesty his bald-headed friend, who appeared surprised at
of his intentions, and told him to go ahead." seeing him again so soon. He knows what it is;
But you must give me back my purse, and my you need n't show it. He pays a hundred and fifty
friend's pocket-book," said Jack. dollars for it. Please look carefully at the money."
That," replied MacPheeler, is out of the MacPheeler smiled the same cold, sinister smile,
question. Do you think the man who took them as he tossed three fifty-dollar bank-notes on the
would be apt to keep such things when they might counter with silent contempt, and waited for the
turn up as evidence against him ? Not if he is the jeweler to examine them. The notes proving to
kind of man I take him for." be genuine, the latter took from a little drawer the
"Well! come on said Jack. stone in question, and passed it over to MacPheeler,
Not a word was said by either, as he led the way who glanced at it, smiled, and put it into his
along the street, occasionally looking behind to see pocket.
if the rogue was following, until they reached the I hope you will not lose your money again so
jeweler's door. easily he said ironically to Jack, as he was leav-
Now," said Jack, stopping, here is the place; ing the shop.
and shall I call that policeman over, to stand by I hope you will not be troubled with any more
and see fair play? or will you just pay your money fits! Jack called after him.
and take the stone, like an honest man ?" He then returned to the jeweler his loan of ten
MacPheeler nodded and smiled again, in a cold, dollars, pocketed his hundred and fifty, hurriedly
sinister way, and said Jack need n't mind about the telling the story of his last adventure with the
policeman. Then they went in. pickpocket; and then ran home in joyful, anxious
"I've a customer for that stone," Jack said to haste to his sick friend.
(To be concluded next nonth )

--------R PB-----

I j |

I 1

t ". -






IN England, a great many years ago,-when Yes, they caught him; and yes, too, about the
Anne had just become Queen, and when the Duke pounds.
of Marlborough was making those dashing marches And he had an awful time in prison, he tells us,
on the continent of Europe which went before the and chafed horribly; for he was one of those rest-
fearful and the famous battle of Blenheim; and less, impatient, busy-bodies, who want always to
when the people of Boston, in New England, were be at work, and at work in their own way. He
talking about printing their first newspaper (but was what would have been called, I dare say, in our
had not yet done it),-there appeared in the Lon- time, a hot-headed radical; and if he had been
don Gazette a proclamation, offering a reward of born a century and a-half later, would have made
fifty pounds for the arrest of a "middle-sized, spare a capital editorial writer for a slashing morning
man, about forty years old, of a brown complexion journal in such a city as New York or Washington.
and dark brown-colored hair, who wears a wig, and But our people in authority would not have offered
has a hooked nose, a sharp chin, and a large mole a reward for his arrest; they would have shrugged
near his mouth." And the proclamation further their shoulders, or failing of this, would have given
said, that he was for many years a hose-factor in him an office.
Freeman's yard, in Cornhill." : Yet, for all his political sharpness, this hook-
And what do you care about this man with a nosed man had a head for business. He had estab-
hooked nose, for whose capture a reward was offered lished some tile-works at Tilbury, where were
about the year 1703 ? made, for the first time in England, those queer-
Had he plotted to kill the Queen ? No. Had he shaped Dutch tiles for roofing, which-if you ever
forged a note? No. Had he murdered anybody? go there-you will see on a great many of the
No. Was he a Frenchman in disguise? No. houses of Rotterdam and Amsterdam; and some
What then? of them are yet to be seen upon old houses in
He had written some very sharp political pamph- Charleston, in South Carolina. It is true that he
lets, which the people in authority did n't at all ran heavily into debt with his tile-making, and was
like, and were determined to punish him for. forced to suspend (as we say now) ; but he got
But, I suppose, there were a great many hot fairly upon his feet again, and had paid up his old
political writers who were caught up in the same debts, and was at his tile-making as before, when
way in those old-fashioned times, and put in the he was swooped into prison.
pillory or in prison for the very same sort of wrong- He had all the more enemies because he had
doing, whose names we don't know, and don't care been befriended by King William (who died in
to know. 1702), and who was a stanch Protestant, and-as
Why, then, have I brought up this old proclama- you know-had come over from Holland to take
tion about this forty-year-old, hook-nosed man ? the English throne. Defoe was a stanch Protestant
Only because his name was Daniel Defoe, and too, and a very hot-headed one. And it was his
because he wrote that most delightful of all the sharp talk about religious matters-which were
story-books that ever were written-RoBINSON then closely mixed up with political ones-that
CRUSOE brought him to grief.
To be sure, he had not written "Robinson But he kept on writing. The prison could n't
Crusoe" at that time; if he had, perhaps the stop that, or it did n't. And when at last he came
sheriff, or whoever sent out the proclamation, out, he wrote all the more. He was a born writer,
would have described him as the writer of a story- and never grew weary of writing. Yet it was fully
book about being cast away on a desert island, and seventeen years after the offer of that fifty-pound
full of monstrous fables, instead of describing him reward, and when the forty-year-old, hook-nosed
as a hosier of Freeman's court. But I don't know. man," was well on towards sixty, that he published
People in authority never know or care so much "The Life and Strange, Surprising Adventures of
about the books a man writes, as about the shop Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner, who lived
he keeps and the debts he owes. Eight-and-twenty Years, all alone, in an Uninhab-
But did they catch the hook-nosed man? and ited Island on the Coast of America, near the
did somebody get the fifty pounds ? Mouth of the great River Oroonoque."


Ah, what a book it was What a book it is dear old figure in the high goat-skin cap and the
You don't even know the names of those political goat-skin, leggings were to march up my walk on
booklets which this man wrote, and which made some mild spring evening, I don't think I should
him a good friend of the great King William, and treat him as a stranger in the least. I think I
gave him great fame, and brought him to prison; should go straight to him and say: My dear Mr.
nor do you know, nor do your fathers or mothers Crusoe, I'm ever so glad to see you; and did
know much about those other books which this Friday come with you ? And is Poll at the station ?
man wrote upon Trade, and Religious Courtship, And have you been to York? And do you think
and a score of other things; nor are they by any- of going to sea again ?

-.t .....


body much read or called for. But as for that dear I don't know any figure of the last two centuries
old figure in the high goat-skin cap, and with the that it would be so hard to blot out of men's minds
umbrella to match, and the long beard-who does as the figure of Robinson Crusoe.
not know him, and all about him, all over the Was it a book much read in Defoe's time ?
Christian world ? How could people help reading it ? How could
Why, long as it is since I first trembled over the they help being terribly concerned about the fate
sight of those savage foot-marks in the sand, and of that madcap Robinson, who would leave that
slept in the cave, and pulled up the rope-ladder sober old father of his in Hull, and that mother
that hung down over the palisades,-yet, if that who cried over his fate, you may be sure, more


than ever you or I ? Who could help reading on, talk and very names should be forgotten. I
when he escaped so hardly from wreck and death don't at all believe that Defoe himself knew
on the shores of England, near to Yarmouth; and how good a thing he had done. If he had, he
fell in with such bad fellows in London; and hesi- would n't have gone about to weaken its effect by
tated, and wavered, and finally broke into new writing a sequel to Robinson, which, though it has
vagabondage; and was followed up by storms and some curious and wonderful things in it,-fights
wreck; and at last, as you know, cast ashore, with with wolves and hair-breadth escapes, -is yet
scarce life in him, on that far-away island, where hardly worth your reading. And not content with
he bewailed his fate for months and years, and this, Defoe-under the spur, I suppose, of money-
toiled hard, and tamed his goats and planted his making publishers--issued in the next year,
palisades ? Serious Reflections during the Life of Robinson
A great many thousand eyes looked out with Crusoe, with his Vision of the Angelic World."
him, year after year, for the sail that never came. Nobody knows it or reads it. Poll and Man
Of course there had been a great many stories of Friday are all alive; but the "Vision of the An-
adventures written before, and there have been a gelic World is utterly dead.
great many since; but never, I think, any that Afterward, Defoe published "The Adventures of
took such hold of the feelings of all as this story of Captain Bob Singleton, a Famous Pirate; but
the adventures of Robinson Crusoe. the story is not at all equal to that of Robinson
And why, do you think ? Crusoe." There are passages of special adventure
Because most writers try to make too fine a story in it which are very stirring, and very like some of
of such adventures, and don't keep to that homely, the best parts of "Robinson;" and some day I
straight-forward way which brings facts most closely may cull out a few of the best portions for your
to the understanding of everybody, and makes amusement-but we will leave it on the shelf now.
everybody feel that the things told of did really and At some future time, too, I may tell you more of
truly happen. some of Defoe's writings; notably, a queer story
Why, do you know that crowds of people be- of the appearance of the ghost of one Mistress
lived in Robinson Crusoe when Defoe was living, Veal, which was so curiously well done that crowds
and continued to believe in him after Defoe was of people believed it. He wrote, besides, a long
dead? I know I believed in him a long time history of the Great Plague in London, which is so,
myself, though the preface, and the sober-sided old dreadfully real that it would make you shudder to,
school-ma'am (who caught me, one day, at the read it. You seem to see all the sick people, and
reading of it in school-hours, and made me wear a the dead ones with their livid faces, and the wagons
girl's bonnet, for punishment),-though such as that bore the corpses go trundling every morning
these, I say, warned me that it was a fable and un- down the street. You would wonder, if you read
true, yet I kept on, somehow, believing in Robin- it, how old man Defoe could have gone about pry-
son, and in Poll, and Man Friday; and thought, ing amongst such fearful scenes, as if he loved
if I ever did make a long voyage, and the ship had grief and wailing and desolation; for he don't tell
a yawl, I would ask the captain, when he came you that he helped anybody, or even lifted the
opposite the island, to heave to," and let me go .dead into the carts. How could he ? He was n't
ashore in the yawl, and find the cave and the there at all. The Great Plague raged and ended
creek, and very likely the remnants of that big before Defoe was grown. He may have heard old
canoe in the forest, which Robinson Crusoe hewed men and old women talk of it; but he could n't
out, by setting up a big tree edge-wise," and have been more than two years old when it first
which was so big and heavy, he never could and broke out.
never did move it. But I will close this half-hour's talk with only
I believed in that old, deserted father at Hull,- dear old Robinson Crusoe in our mind. Defoe
somehow, I think he is living there yet,-and the wrote of him, as I said, when he was well toward
mother-repining, grieving, praying, weeping sixty; and he lived to be over seventy-having a
Oh, Robinson Robinson great grief to bear at the last. His son deserted
Well, as I said, Mr. Defoe found a great sale for and deceived him as Robinson Crusoe had deserted
this book of adventures. The critics, to be sure, and deceived his old father at Hull!
thought it was "carelessly written," and a great "This injustice and unkindness," writes Defoe
deal "very improbable" in it; and they did n't to a near friend in the last year of his life, "has
imagine for a moment that there was the stuff in it ruined my family and has broken my heart. I de-
which would be pondered, and read over and over, pended on him, I trusted him, I gave up my two
and admired and dearly cherished, years and years dear unprovided children into his hands; but he
after they and all their fair culture and pretty had no compassion, and suffered them and their


poor dying mother to beg their bread at his door; full. Stand by them when I am gone, and let
himself, at the same time, living in a profusion of them not be wronged."
plenty. It is too much for me. My heart is too Poor old man! Delightful Robinson Crusoe 1




IN fact, it was their last summer's journey-for her some trouble, for it came to her just as she had
it had been planned then; but there had been so packed her summer dresses. At first she thought
many difficulties, it had been delayed. it would help to smooth the dresses, and placed it
The first trouble was about trunks. The family on top; but she was forced to take all out, and set
did not own a trunk suitable for traveling, it at the bottom. This was not so much matter,
Agamemnon had his valise, that he had used as she had not yet the right dresses to put in.
when he stayed a week at a time at the academy; Both Mrs. Peterkin and Elizabeth Eliza would need
and a trunk had been bought for Elizabeth Eliza new dresses for this occasion. The little boys'
when she went to the seminary. Solomon John and hoops went in; so did their India-rubber boots, in
Mr. Peterkin, each had his patent leather hand-bag. case it should not rain when they started. They
But all these were too small for the family. And each had a hoe and shovel, and some baskets that
the little boys wanted to carry their kite. were packed.
Mrs. Peterkin suggested her grandmother's Mrs. Peterkin called in all the family on the
trunk. This was a hair trunk, very large and evening of the second day, to see how she had suc-
capacious. It would hold everything they would ceeded. Everything was packed, even the little
want to carry, except what would go in Elizabeth boys' kite lay smoothly on the top.
Eliza's trunk, or the valise and bags. I like to see a thing so nicely done," said Mr.
Everybody was delighted at this idea. It was Peterkin.
agreed that the next day the things should be The next thing was to cord up the trunk, and
brought into Mrs. Peterkin's room, for her to see Mr. Peterkin tried to move it. But neither he, nor
if they could all be packed. Agamemnon, nor Solomon John could lift it alone,
If we can get along," said Elizabeth Eliza, or all together.
"without having to ask advice, I shall be glad Here was a serious difficulty. Solomon John
Yes," said Mr. Peterkin, "it is time now for tried to make light of it.
people to be coming to ask advice of us." "Expressmen could lift it. Expressmen were
The next morning, Mrs. Peterkin began by used to such things."
taking out the things that were already in the But we did not plan expressing it," said Mrs.
trunk. Here were last year's winter things, and Peterkin, in a discouraged tone.
not only these, but old clothes that had been put We can take a carriage," said Solomon John.
away,-Mrs. Peterkin's wedding dress; the skirts "I am afraid the trunk would not go on the
the little boys used to wear before they put on. back of a carriage," said Mrs. Peterkin.
jackets and trousers. The hackman could not lift it, either," said
All day Mrs. Peterkin worked over the trunk, Mr. Peterkin.
putting away the old things, putting in the new. People do travel with a great deal of baggage,"
She packed up all the clothes she could think of, said Elizabeth Eliza.
both summer and winter ones, because you never "And with very large trunks," said Agamem-
can tell what sort of weather you will have. non.
Agamemnon fetched his books, and Solomon Still they are trunks that can be moved," said
John his spy-glass. There were her own and Eliza- Mr. Peterkin, giving another try at the trunk, in
beth Eliza's best bonnets in a bandbox; also Solo- vain. I am afraid we must give it up," he said;
mon John's hats, for he had an old one and a new it would be such a trouble in going from place
one. He bought a new hat for fishing, with very to place."
wide brim and deep crown, all of heavy straw. We would not mind if we got it to the place,"
Agamemnon brought down a large, heavy dic- said Elizabeth Eliza.
tionary, and an atlas still larger. This contained But how to get it there ?" Mr. Peterkin asked,
maps of all the countries in the world, with a sigh.
I have never had a chance to look at them," This is our first obstacle," said Agamemnon;
he said; "but when one travels, then is the time we must do our best to conquer it."
to study geography." What is an obstacle ?" asked the little toys.
Mr, Peterkin wanted to take his turning-lathe. It is the trunk," said Solomon John.
So Mrs. Peterkin packed his tool-chest. It gave Suppose we look out the word in the diction-
VOL I.-44.


ary," said Agamemnon, taking the large volume Many things would have to be left at home, it
from the trunk. Ah, here it is -- And he was so much smaller than the grandmother hair-
read: trunk. But Agamemnon had been studying the
OBSTACLE, an impediment." atlas through the winter, and felt familiar with the
That is a worse word than the other," said one more important places, so it would not be necessary
of the little boys. to take it. And Mr. Peterkin decided to leave his
But listen to this," and Agamemnon con- turning-lathe at home, and his tool-chest.
tinued: Impediment is something that entangles Again Mrs. Peterkin spent two days in accom-
the feet; obstacle, something that stands in the modating the things. With great care and dis-
way; obstruction, something that blocks up the creation, and by borrowing two more leather bags,
passage; hinderance, something that holds back." it could be accomplished. Everything of import-
The trunk is all these," said Mr. Peterkin, ance could be packed except the little boys' kite.
gloomily. What should they do about that?
It does not entangle the feet," said Solomon The little boys proposed carrying it in their
John, for it can't move." hands; but Solomon John and Elizabeth Eliza
I wish it could," said the little boys together. would not consent to this.
Mrs. Peterkin spent a day or two in taking the I do think it is one of the cases where we
things out of the trunk and putting them away. might ask the advice of the lady from Phila-
"At least," she said, this has given me some delphia," said Mrs. Peterkin at last.
experience in packing." She has come on here," said Agamemnon,
And the little boys felt as if they had quite been and we have not been to see her this summer."
a journey. She may think we have been neglecting her,"
But the family did not give up their plan. It suggested Mr. Peterkin.
was suggested that they might take the things out The little boys begged to be allowed to go and
of the trunk, and pack it at the station; the little ask her opinion about the kite. They came back
boys could go and come with the things. But in high spirits.
Elizabeth Eliza thought the place too public. She says we might leave this one at home, and
Gradually the old contents of the great trunk make a new kite when we get there," they cried.
went back again to it. "What a sensible idea exclaimed Mr. Peter-
At length, a friend unexpectedly offered to lend kin; and I may have leisure to help you."
Mr. Peterkin a good-sized family trunk. But it was We '11 take plenty of newspapers," said Solo-
now late in the season, and so the journey was put mon John.
off from that summer. "And twine," said the little boys. And this
The trunk was then sent round to the house, and matter was settled.
a family consultation was held about packing it. The question then was, When should they go ?"



THERE was once an English sailor, named Henry resolute and adventurous as ever; always ready
Hudson, who made some very daring voyages, for something new; ready to brave the arctic cold
The European nations were trying hard to find a or the tropic heat, if he could only find that passage
short passage to India, either by passing north of to India, which so many had sought in vain. At
Europe, or by finding some opening through the last, on the fourth of April, 1609, the Dutch East
new continent of America. Henry Hudson had India Company sent him out once more to seek a
made two voyages for this purpose, in the employ passage to India. The Dutch at that time were
of English companies. Twice he had sailed among the great commercial nation of the world, and Am-
the icebergs and through the terrible cold, as far sterdam was the centre of the commerce of Europe.
as Spitzbergen; and twice he had turned back be- There was not a forest of ship-timber in Holland,
cause he could get no farther. But he was still as but it owned more ships than all Europe beside.


Henry Hudson's vessel was named The Half- him all the country round about." Henry Hudson
Moon." He had a crew of twenty Englishmen and sailed up as far as where the town of Hudson now
Dutchmen, and his own son was among them. stands, and there, finding it too shallow for his ves-
First he sailed north, as he had done before, trying sel, sent a boat- farther still,-as far as what is now
to reach Spitzbergen and Nova Zembla; but he Albany. Then he turned back, disappointed, and
found icebergs everywhere, and his men almost sailed out of the great river," or Groot Rivier,"
mutinied because of the cold. Then he resolved as he called it, and went back to Holland.
to sail farther westward; he passed near Green- He never saw that beautiful river again. The
land, then southward to Newfoundland, then to Dutch East India Company did not care to explore
Cape Cod; then as far south as Virginia; then he it, since it did not lead to India; and Hudson, on
his next voyage, went to
the northern seas, hoping
to find the passage to
-6 .ornew tier oip dskanata rs. H ,---e ,s: ..... India that way. He en-

-- '- --- bears his name, and there
-77 -: *his men mutinied, tied
.t-'ls.'-- .. : him, hand and foot, put
i- .L-- -- him on board a boat with
S his son and a few com-
panions among the float-
S t- -ing ice, and set him adrift. '
'-- Nothing more was ever
heard of him. But to
this day, some of the de-
--. scendants of old Dutch
'._ --- -families on the Hudson
river tell legends of the
_- .. ---_______ ~daring navigator who first
OLD PICTURE OF "NEW AMSTERDAM, NOW NEW YORK explored it, and when the
thunder, rolls away over
turned northward again, observing the shore more the Highlands, they say, There are Henry Hud-
closely, and found himself at the mouth of what son and his crew, playing ninepins among the
seemed to him a broad strait or river. On the third hills."
of September, 1609, he anchored near Sandy Hook. In a few years, trading-posts began to be estab-
There the Indians came out to trade with him, and lished on the Hudson river. King James I. of
after a few days he set sail again, and penetrated England had lately chartered two companies for
farther and farther, thinking that he had found the the purpose of colonizing North America. One
passage to India at last. was to take the northern part of the Atlantic coast,
It must have been an exciting thing to sail with and the other the southern half; but he required
Henry Hudson up that noble river, where no white that their nearest settlements should be a hundred
man had ever sailed before. He said in his narra- miles apart, so that there should be no quarreling
tive that the lands on both sides were pleasant between them. It did not occur to him that if he
with grass and flowers and goodly trees." "It is left this wide space open, some other nation might
as beautiful a land as one can tread upon," he de- slip in between, and found colonies of their own, so
dared, and abounds in all kinds of excellent ship- that there might be quarreling after all. Yet this
timber." The Indians came out to meet him in was just what happened. After Henry Hudson's
canoes "made of single hollowed trees," but he discoveries, Holland laid claim to all the land along
would not let them come on board at first, because the great river," and called the whole territory
one of them had killed one of his sailors with an "New Netherlands;" and the Dutch began to
arrow. After awhile, the Dutchmen put more con- come to that region and trade with the Indians.
fidence in the Indians, and let them bring grapes Then, in 1614, there came a bold sailor, named
and pumpkins and furs to the vessel. These were Adrian Block, the first European who ever sailed
paid for by beads, knives and hatchets. At last through Hurlgate, and as far as Block Island, which
the Indians invited the bold sea-captain to visit was named after him. He loaded his ship-the
them on shore, and made him very welcome, and Tiger "-with bear skins, at the mouth of the Hud-
one of their chiefs made an oration, and showed son, and was just ready to sail, when his ship caught


fire, and he had to land on Manhattan Island, to the-colonial government. But he could not en-
where New York city now stands. There his men gage in the woolen or cotton manufacture, because
spent the winter. They put up some log huts and that was a monopoly of the Dutch East India Com-
a fort of logs; and before spring, they built a new pany; and this company also agreed to supply the
vessel of sixteen tons, called the Onrust," or manors with negro slaves, whom they imported
" Unrest," a very good name for the restless navi- from Guinea. These great proprietors were called
gators of those days. .This was the first vessel Patroons."
built on this continent by Europeans. This settle- This was a very different system from the simple
ment, which was called "New Amsterdam," was way in which New England had been colonized,
the foundation of what is now the great city of New where all men were equal before the law, and each
York; and ten years after that, the whole of Man- man had a voice in the government.. The Dutch
hattan Island was bought from the Indians for and English settlers did not agree very well, especi-
twenty-four pounds sterling, ally when both nations had begun to explore the

-" - 4i r


Settlers at first came slowly to New Amsterdam; Connecticut valley, and both wished to secure pos-
but the Dutch established several trading-posts, at session of it. The Englishmen thought that the
different points, where they might buy the skins of Dutchmen had no business on the continent at all,
beavers, bears and otters, which the Indians had and that they certainly had no claim to the Con-
trapped or shot. At first only poor immigrants necticut valley. On the other hand the Dutch-
came, but after awhile certain richer and more in- men said that they had ascended the Connecticut
fluential men were sent out, with special privileges river first, and that their eastern boundary was the
from the Dutch East India Company. Each of cape now called Cape Cod. Then the Englishmen
these had authority to found a colony of fifty per- charged the Dutchmen with exciting the Indians
sons, and to own a tract of land sixteen miles in against them; and on the other hand the Dutch-
length, bordering on any stream whose shores were men said that the English settlers were apt to get
not yet occupied, and running back as far as he the better of them in making bargains. So the
pleased into the interior. He was required to pay colony of New Netherlands got into more and more
the Indians for their land, and to establish his colony trouble with these active and sharp-witted neigh-
within four years. He could exercise authority on bors; and, besides that, the Indians were very
his own manor," as it was called, without regard troublesome; and there was also a standing quarrel


with the Swedish settlers in Delaware; so that, on representing Scriptural subjects,-the Ark, the
the whole, the Dutchmen had not so peaceful a Prodigal Son, and the Children of Israel passing
time as they might have desired, the Red Sea. In the evening they burned pine-
If we could have visited a Puritan village in knots for light, or home-made tallow candles.
Massachusetts, during those early days, and then Every house had two or more spinning-wheels;
and a huge oaken chest held
- -. the household linen, all of which
-:- had been spun upon these
- wheels by the women of the
--Many of the citizens had also
country-houses, called "bowe-
.- ries," with porches or stepss"
on which the men could sit and
smoke their pipes. For the
SDutch colonists did not work
S- so hard as those in New Eng-
land; they moved about more
-- c slowly, and took more leisure,
I y," and amused themselves more,
Sin a quiet way. They were not
gay and light-hearted and fond
.- of dancing, like the French
Settlers in Canada; but they
make in io -t on-- liked plenty of good eating and
A DUTCH rARM-HOUSE, OR "BOWERIE." drinking, and telling stories,
and hearty laughter, and play-
could have sailed in a trading vessel to New Am- ing at "bowls on a smooth grass plot. It was
sterdam, we should have found ourselves in quite a the Dutch who introduced various festivals that
different community from that we had left behind. have been preserved ever since in America; such
The very look of the houses and streets would have as Santa Claus," or St. Nicholas," at Christmas-
seemed strange. To be sure, the very first settlers time, colored eggs at Easter, and the practice of
in both colonies had to build their cabins somewhat New-Year's visiting.
alike; with walls of earth or logs, and thatched They kept very early hours, dining at eleven or
roofs, and chimneys made of small sticks of wood, twelve, and often going to bed at sunset. Yet an
set crosswise and smeared with clay. But when early Swedish traveler describes them as sitting on
they began to build more permanent houses, the the "stoeps" before their houses, on moonlight
difference was very plain. The houses in New
Amsterdam were of wood, with gable-ends built of
small black and yellow bricks, brought over from -
Holland. Each house had many doors and win- -
dows; and the date when it was built was often
marked in iron letters on the front. The roof
usually bore a weather-cock, and sometimes many.
Within, the floors were covered with white sand, on -
which many neat figures were traced with a broom.
The houses were kept very clean, inside and out; as i
clean as they still are in Holland, where you may .
see the neat housekeepers scrubbing their door-
steps, even when the rain is pouring down upon _' K
their heads. The furniture in these houses was -
plain and solid; heavy claw-footed chairs, polished .
mahogany tables, and cupboards full of old silver
and china. Clocks and watches were rare, and
time was told by hour-glasses and sun-dials. They evenings, and greeting the passers-by, who, in re-
had great open fireplaces, set .round with figured turn, were obliged to greet everybody," he says,
tiles of different colors and patterns, commonly unless they would shock the general politeness


of the town." He also says that the Dutch people red, or green stockings of their own knitting, and
in Albany used to breakfast on tea, without milk, high-heeled shoes. The men had broad-skirted
sweetened by holding a lump of sugar in the coats of linsey-woolsey, with large buttons of brass
mouth; and that they dined on buttermilk and or silver; they wore several pairs of knee-breeches,
bread, "and if to that they added a piece of sugar, one over another, with long stockings, and with
it was called delicious." But the Dutch house- great buckles at the knees and on the shoes, and
keepers of New Amsterdam had a great reputation their hair was worn long and put up in an eelskin
for cookery, and especially for a great variety of nice queue. As to their employment, the people of
cakes, such asdoughnuts, "olykoeks"and crullers. New Amsterdam used to trade with the West

so fond of church-going as those who had settled staves, tar, tobacco, and furs. They used to build
Plymouth and Salem, but they were steady in the their own ships for this commerce, giving them
support of public worship, and had a great respect high-sounding names, such as Queen Esther,"
for their ministers, whom they called Dominies." King Solomon," and the "Angel Gabriel."
Sometimes the dominies had to receive their salaries One of the Dutch governors, named William
in beaver-skins, or wampum, when money was Kieft, used to be called William the Testy," from

scarcThe people of New Netherlany heads were hundred his hot temper, and with Europe, exporting timber a great
so fond of church-going as those who had settled staves, tar, tobacco, and furs. They used to build

Plymouth and fifty beSalem, but they were steady in the their own ships for thespeciay through his crueltyving them
support of public worship, and had a great respect high-sounding names, such as Queen Esther,"
for their ministers, whom they called Dominies." King Solomon," and the "Angel Gabriel."
Sometimes the dominies had to receive their salaries One of the Dutch governors, named William
in beaver-skins, or wampum, when money was Kieft, used to be called William the Testy," from
scarce. The Dominie of Albany had one hundred his hot temper, and he kept the colony in a great
and fifty beaver-skins a year. As for the dress of deal of trouble, especially through his cruelty to
these early colonists, the women used to wear close the Indians, who injured the settlers very much in
white muslin caps, beneath which their hair was return. Governor Kieft was very much displeased
put back with pomatum; and they wore a great at the colonies sent from Massachusetts into the
many short and gayly-colored petticoats, with blue, Connecticut valley, for he wished to see that region


settled from New Amsterdam only. So he issued a people made him put it together again, and accept
proclamation against the New England men. But the terms offered. From that time forth, except
they, instead of paying the least attention to it, for one short interval of time, the English held
attacked the Dutch fort at Hartford, and drove the possession of New Netherlands.
garrison away. They also took possession of the The name of the colony was then changed to
eastern part of Long Island; threw down the coat- New York, in honor of the king's brother, the
of-arms of Holland, which had been set up there, Duke of York, to whom King Charles II. gave the
and put a "fool's head in its place. This failure, province. That part of New Netherlands south of
and the severity of Kieft's government, made him the Hudson was, however, made into a separate
very unpopular; and the people were very glad province, under the name of New Jersey. The
when, in 1647, Governor Peter Stuyvesant was Duke of York allowed his province to hold an
appointed in his stead, assembly, that the people might make their own
Governor Stuyvesant was a brave and honest laws; and, in 1683, they obtained a charter for
man, but was so obstinate that he was often called themselves, much like those of the colonies farther
" Hardkoppig Piet," or "Headstrong Peter." east. When the duke became king, under the name
Sometimes he was called Old Silverleg," because of James II., he tried to take away this charter, but
he had lost a leg in war, and used to stump about never succeeded. New York remained an English
on a wooden leg, ornamented with strips of silver, province, and lost some of its Dutch peculiarities;
Under his government the colony was well de- but some of these traits lingered for a good
fended, for a time, against Indians, Swedes and many years, and Dutch was long the prevailing
Englishmen. The trouble was that he was quite language. There were still Dutch schools, where
despotic, and was disposed to let the people have English was taught only as an accomplishment;
as little as possible to do with the government, but there was no college till King's College-now
They did not feel that they had as much freedom Columbia-was founded, in 1764. After the Eng-
as those who lived in the other colonies, and they lish had taken possession, a. great many immigrants
were not so ready to fight for their patrons and came to New York, though not so many as to
for the East India Company as were the English Philadelphia; and these new-comers represented
colonists to fight for their own homesteads. Then many different nations. But Holland itself had
the English settlers increased very fast in wealth and long been the abode- of men from a great many
numbers; and the Dutchmen rather envied them, nations, both because of its commercial prosperity
even while quarreling with them. At last, in 1664, and from its offering an asylum.to those persecuted
an English fleet, with many recruits from New Eng- for their religion. So there had been an unusual
land on board, appeared before New Amsterdam; variety of people in New Amsterdam from its first
and very soon the town was surrendered to the settlement; and it is said that eighteen languages
English by the general wish of the inhabitants, were already spoken there when it was transferred
though quite against the will of "Headstrong to the English. Thus New York seemed marked out
Peter." He tore in pieces the letter from the Eng- from the very beginning for a cosmopolitan city--
lish commodore requiring the surrender ; but the for the home of people from all parts of the globe.

I -N 1VaI et --rsburie -

SCap.tainGeneraGovernorinChieEofAmsteram -
InNewNeferland now called.New=York
AndOheDutchWedTndialslanda.DieAlRDlT 5
Aged S 80years.




ABOUT twenty-five years ago my mother told me the story
of the little red hen. She told it often to me at that time;
but I have never heard it since. So I shall
try to tell it to you now from memory
There was once a little red hen. She VY "..
was scratching near the
.. barn one day, when she
--- found a grain of wheat.
She said, Who will plant this wheat ?"
._J The rat said, I wont;" the cat said,
-- I wont;" the dog said, I wont;" the
duck said, "I wont;" and the pig said, "I wont." The
little red hen said, I will, then." So she planted the grain
of wheat. After the wheat grew up and was ripe, the little
red hen said, Who will reap this wheat? The rat said,.
" I wont;" the cat said, I wont;" the dog said, I wont;"
the duck said," I wont;" and the pig said, "I wont." The
little red hen said, "I will, then." So
she reaped the wheat. Then she said, "
"Who will take this wheat to mill to be
ground into flour ?" The rat said, I
wont;" the cat said, I wont;" the dog -
,said, "I wont;" the
d-uck said, I wont:" and the pig said, "I
wont." The little red hen said, "I will,
Thenn" So she took the wheat to mill.
When she came back with the flour, she
said, "Who will make this into bread ?"
The rat said, "I wont;" the cat said, I wont;" the dog
said, I wont;" the duck said, I wont;" and the pig said,


" I wont." The little red hen said, I will, then." So she
made it into bread. Then she said, Who will bake this
bread ?" The rat said, I wont ;" the
: .cat said, I wont;" the dog said, I
i wont;" the duck said, "I wont;" and
-- the pig said, "I wont." The little red
hen said, "I will, then." When the
bread was baked, the
little red hen said, Who will EAT this -
bread ?" The rat said, I WILL ;" the ._
cat said, "I WILL;" the dog said, "I .
WILL;" the duck said, "I WILL ;" and
the pig said, I WILL." The little red ----
hen said, No, you WONT, for I am going to do that my-
self." And she picked up the bread and ran off with it.

-. HEN the moon is shining brightly,
And the dew is on the ground,
Then 's the time, you know, that
Cruel foxes are around.

,. h Oh, but how the mischief thickens
a /When they prowl among the
hens !
Sucking eggs and taking chickens
To their damp and dismal dens.


S ... and sunlight of truth in them, and when they let
.\ it out, it's as if a human soul had given birth to an
'' October morning. The man that wrote my verses
i, i i -s named George Macdonald, it appears. If any
S.'"' ", i..- '" "" of you youngsters ever see him just tell him
S" Jack-in-the-Pulpit sends his best respects.
,. Here they are, every word. Take them easily,
". my children. Don't rush through them. Imagine
-- they're a sort of double row of grand and fragrant
S lilies. Stop and breathe over each one. You
S ._ youngest tots can hardly reach up to them. Never
'--'they'll keep till you grow larger, my dears,-de-
I pend upon it.
". . S Better the love of gentle heart, than beauty's favors proud;
Better the rose's living seed, than roses in a crowd.
J A C K I N 1j- F L F I r Better to love in loneliness, than bask in love all day;
Better the fountain in the heart, than the fountain by the way.
Better be fed by mother's hand, than eat alone at will;
SOHO Vacation is nearly over, is it? Well, Better to trust in God, than say, "My goods my storehouse fill."
well, I 'm sure you '11 all be very glad to be at Better sit at a master's feet, than thrill a listening state;
school again, my dears. Meantime, just to keep Better suspect that thou art proud, than be sure that thou art great.
you from pining for your studies, we '11 take a peep Better to walk in the realm unseen, than watch the hour's event;
into This and That, and see what we can find. Better the well done at the last, than the air with shootings rent.
First of all, what say you to Better to have a quiet grief, than a hurrying delight;
WAX WITHOUT BEES. Better the twilight of the dawn, than the noon-day burning bright.
IMPOSSIBLE ? Not at all. The birds tell me Better a death when work is dbne, than earth's most favored birth;
SIM SIn' t thk bcau the bers d ll te Better a child in God's great house, than the king of all the earth.
that I must n't think because the bees do all the
buzzing, that therefore they make all the wax; nor NUT-LAMPS.
that the noisiest bees are the most industrious, for My friend Blue-bird tells me, on the best author-
that matter. ity, that in Otaheite the natives have a queer sort
Very respectable wax may be obtained from cer- of candle. They take a stick or wooden skewer
tain trees and shrubs, without ever a bee poking and cover it with the kernels of a certain oily nut,
his nose into the business at all. The birds have placed one above another. Then they light the
told me, so far, only about the wax-palm of South end of the stick, and it burns slowly, like a wick,
America, and the wax-shrub of Louisiana; but I while the nut-kernels serve in place of sperm or
remember how a little chap once brought a lump tallow. Clever people, these Otaheiteans, all things
of greenish wax to my meadow, and told his play- considered.
mates that it was bayberry-wax, and made from Who knows the name of this nut?
the berries of the bayberry-shrub.
Find out all you can about this matter, please. PIC-NIC PUZZLES,
THE pretty little school-teacher, of whom I 've
JACK CATCHES SOMETHING. spoken before, came to the meadow the other day,
You 'D be astonished, my dears, if you knew of with four other teachers and about three and three-
the strange and beautiful treasures the wind brings quarter dozen children. It was a pic-nic. After
me, besides music and perfume and dust and all awhile, they sat down on the shady knoll to rest
the other things that he is known to be always and began to ask each other conundrums.
carrying about with him. Yes, he's constantly Why can't the French speak their own
flinging gifts upon my pulpit. One day it's a language in Heaven ? asked the pretty teacher,
bright feather, or a bit of gay ribbon, or a shining suddenly, and in French.
thread of hair; another day it's a piece of kite-tail, As nobody could tell, they all said in English
or a wisp of hay, pr a newspaper scrap; and if it's that they did n't know.
the last, I generally try to keep it by me till some "Because," said the pretty teacher, still in
of my young folk come along, when they are apt to French, all their vowels are in furgatoire (pur-
spy it and read it out aloud. Here's something gatory).
that came by wind a day or two ago, along with a Very good," said a lady teacher in blue spec-
spray of red clover; and you should have heard tackles (it's a queer thing what odds it makes
Mitsy and Bob, from the red cottage, reading it. whether blue eyes or blue spectacles look at you.
They're in the Third Reader, judging by the ease The blue spectacles were bluer and brighter and
with which they slid over the hardest words without bigger than the pretty teacher's blue eyes, and yet
bumping. And I tell you, the way they took it all the expression was entirely different), verygood,
in, word for word, was splendid. It seemed as if indeed," she said; and now I have a proposition
Jack could see their souls growing while they read. for you: In the first place, you '11 admit that if
The fact is, some writing-folk have the very breeze Moses had been the son of Pharaoh's daughter

x874.] JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT. 683

he would have been the daughter of Pharaoh's necessary solid food, in an abundance of small yel-
son low fruits, like little golden pears. They do not
I don't see that," laughed the blue-eyed ripen all at once, but one after another, so that the
teacher. soldiers have a steady supply of ever-ripening fruit
"No?" exclaimed the blue spectacles in wide to eat, and are kept busy all the time running up
surprise. "It is an indisputable fact, nevertheless." and down the leaves to see how their crops come
Well, those teachers discussed and discussed, and on. When an ant finds a pear ready for eating, he
argued and argued, and finally they laughed and bites the stem, bends back the fruit, and, breaking
said they saw it." Do you? it off, carries it in triumph to the nest.
What 's the difference between an American It would be a cowardly ant that would not fight
Indian and a London lamp-post ? asked a gentle- for a home like that, and these ants are no cowards.
man teacher. Just touch a limb so as to jar it, and the valiant
Everybody thought, and everybody gave it up. little soldiers will swarm out from the thorns in
You can't tell me the difference between an great numbers, and attack the intruder with jaws and
American Indian and a London lamp-post? asked stings. Not a caterpillar, leaf-cutter, beetle, or any
the gentleman teacher again, other enemy of the tree can touch one of its leaves
No," said everybody, without paying the penalty. Thus the tree thrives
Then it's high time you could," said the gentle- where it would otherwise be destroyed; and the
man teacher, sternly, ants find their reward in snug houses, with plenty
Sold cried the pretty little teacher, as the to drink and to eat. The small birds, which hurt
pic-nic, with merry laughter, jumped up and began neither the ants nor the leaves, also find protection
to run about the meadow again, with them, and, let us hope, pay good rent in
A TREE THAT KEEPS A STANDING ARMY. morning and evening songs.
Is n't that a profitable partnership ?
HERE'S a story that a bright little humming-bird
told me the other day. As it started from some- PIANO-FORTE KEYS.
where in the tropics, it grew to be a pretty long THE escaped canary, in telling about piano-fortes
account by the time it reached me here in New the other day, remarked that the black and white
York State ; but it is funded strictly upon fact: keys were made of ebony-trees and elephants' tusks;
What makes you live in such a thorny tree ? and just then something made him fly away.
said the humming-bird to one of her neighbors No doubt he'll make it all clear to me when he
who always builds her nest on the bull's-horn comes again, but just now I 'll admit a piano-forte
thorn. seems to me a sort of Indian jungle. How my
It's a capital place," said her friend. The children make music out of it, I can't imagine.
thorns keep the monkeys away from my babies, A LIVE LANTERN.
and the army drives off all the crawling pests that You think, perhaps, that there is no such thing.
make housekeeping so troublesome to little birds Look at the little glow-worms and sparkling fire-
in other trees." flies. Does n't each one of them carry about with
"Army! What army?" him a tiny lantern to light his path.
Why, our army," said the little bird. Don't But that is not all.
you know that our tree keeps an army ? In the West Indies, and some other hot countries,
You may be sure the humming-bird was sur- as I've been told, there are distant relations of our
praised to hear that. I was. And if I did n't know gl-worms and fire-flies that carry much larger
her so well I should have suspected her of spinning sparks. These insects give so much light that they
travelers' yarns. But she 's honest; what she says are caught by the natives, and sometimes a dozen
can be depended on. at a time are put into a gourd pierced with many
To make a long story short, I'll tell you about holes, each too small for the insects to escape
that army-keeping tree. It's a thorn-tree, you must through. The opening by which they are put into
know, and as the thorns grow in pairs, curved out the gourd is then stopped up, and the live lantern
like bulls' horns, the tree gets its name from them. is ready to be carried about on dark nights, as you
When the thorns are green they are soft, and filled sometimes carry a glass one. A very convenient
with a sugary pulp, which is greatly liked by a kind lantern the insects make, for the flame never burns
of small black stinging ants, which are never found anything, and never goes out.
except on these trees, and the trees, it seems, can- By the way, I wonder whether the flame can be
not live without the ants, at least in that part of the of the same sort with that that burns on the ocean ?
world. The ants bite a small hole near the tip of The flame with the long name-the phos-something
one of each pair of thorns, then gradually eat out that I told you about last month? I should n't
the interior of the two. The hollow shells make wonder if it were so. Who will find out ?
capital houses for their young ones, and never go
without tenants. BLACK AND COLORED.
How do the ants live after the houses are cleared WHAT Jack wants to know is this: If black is n't
of food? The tree attends to that. On the stem a color, as Science says it is n't, why do some per-
of each leaf is a honey-well, always full, where the sons call black men colored men? And if colored
ants can sip to their hearts' content. These wells men are not really black, why do some folk call
supply them with drink. The leaves furnish the colored men blacks?



As the Postmaster is away from the office this month, on a vaca- LOGO" wants to know the name of the artist who made the illus-
tion, the boys and girls who patronize the Letter Box must not be trations to the poem Four Years Old," in our July number. If he
discouraged if some of their letters are not answered, and if they do had looked in the table of contents, on the second cover-page, he
not find in the department some things that they hoped to see. But would have seen that the artist was Addle Ledyard, who, by the
everybody, even editorial postmasters, needs a little rest in the hot way, is the only person in this country who could have drawn those
weather. dainty pictures.

THE English version of "Le Singe Favori," our French story in G. F. WILLIS says:
the August number, will be published next month. All translations In your July number, Laura A. F. says she can make 780 words
received before August x5th will be examined and credited, out of the letters of the word "abstemiously," but I do not under-
We have no story for translation this month, as we do not want to stand whether she repeats letters in a single word or not.
give our young readers too much work to do during their holiday. By repeating the letters as needed, I have succeeded in finding 285
words contained in it, and all commencing with the letter B." I
have used a few words out of use.
that A Story to be Told," in the August number, will afford you the HrTTv.-The story is very well written, but we think we have
opportunity you want of writing a story upon a given subject. read it before.

MINNIE THOMAS wants to know what books George Macdonald EDWIN S. BELKNAP writes from San Francisco that he has been on
wrote, and which are the best?" He wrote a great many books, a trip to Santa Cruz, and he says:
such as "Robert Falconer," "Wilfrid Cumbermede," David Elgin- I have gathered a great many shells, which I am at a loss to know
brod," "Alec Forbes," "Annals of a Quiet Neighbourhood," &c. His how to clean.
" Gutta-Percha Willy," Back of the North Wind," The Princess Perhaps some of the readers of the magazine live near the sea, and
and the Goblin," being books for young people, would perhaps would be able to tell me how to clean them.
please Minnie best, or she m:ght like Phantastes" and some other I have gathered a great many periwinkles, and know that by some
pes Mine e, or se m t le s ad se oer process the black outside is removed and the pearly coat is seen.
of his works of fancy and imagination. The first part of "Robert
Falconer" is a capital story of the life of a boy. Minnie asks some Can any of you tell Edwin how to treat his shells ?
other questions that are not so easy to answer. She wants to know
"why our winters are so much warmer and our summers so much V. Z. sends the Letter Box the following new and ingenious
cooler than they used to be," and what would be a good name for puzzle, by aid of which our readers may not only pass a leisure half-
her little baby cousin. She wants a pretty name with a good mean- hour pleasantly, but they may make a delightful and instructive toy
ing. Who can give her one? There are still some other questions for little brothers and sisters who are "learning their letters."
from Minnie, which we may answer next month.
No. a.
Nix.-We do not think your problem in "Alphabetical Arith-
metic" is correctly worked out. "Ten" is not. a "cipher." Can
you not remodel it, so as to do away with this objection ?

HERE is a letter from a boy who means business:
Oswego, June 28th, 1874.
DEAR ST. NICHOLAS: If that "Young Boat-Builder" will please
send you a plan for building a boat that he speaks of, will you please
publish it? I was thinking about building a boat this coming vaca-
tion, which I am happy to say will begin at 12 M. July ist, and have
an extent of nine weeks; and as I shall want a boat several times
during the vacation (at any rate, I always have), and cannot hire one
sometimes, I think it would be better to have one of my own, for then
I can have it when I want it, and when I do not want it to use, I
can rent it to some of the "boys," and so it will be a source of profit
as well as pleasure. S. E. WILSON.
In answer to this note, and one of a similar nature from George T.
Hobbs, we will say that we hope to print, before long, an article that
will tell boys how to build boats. Take thin pasteboard, or a visiting card, and cut it in pieces of the
exact shape and size shown in diagram i. With these pieces, you
M. D. C.-In Milton's "Paradise Lost" you will find the story of can form any letter of the alphabet from A to Z, and any of the
Ithuriel and his spear. Satan, having gained admission into the numerals from o to 9.
Garden of Paradise, and concealed himself there, the angel Ithuriel No. 2 is an example, in which our young Latin scholars will find
was appointed to look for him. He found him, sitting like a toad, also a special meaning:
close by Eve, to whom he was telling all sorts of foolish and wicked No. 2.
stories. Ithuriel just touched the rascal with his spear, when up he
started, "discovered and surprised." You can read all about it in
Book IV of "Paradise Lost." The "Spear of Ithuriel" is used
sometimes as a symbol of any means by which vice is discovered and
pointed out.

CHARLES H.-You can contribute to the Agassiz Memorial Fund
at any time. The fact of your school having closed on the 28th of
June need make no difference.

OSCAR T. CROSBY.-Your Latin story is very good; but our ar-
rangements in regard to articles in that language prevent us from [
accepting the contribution.

1874.] THE LETTER BOX. 685

THE BIRD-DEFENDERS still send in their names. We shall have ALDEBARAN.-We fear your proposed puzzle would be too difficult
an enormous army before long. Here is a whole company to begin for our young folks; but as your explanation of diamond puzzles is
with: just what is needed by many readers, we print it entire with much
Cownany A, First Kansas Regiment, Army Bird Defenders.- pleasure:
Mattie Brinner, Adonia Quin, Sue Cooper, Nellie Franklin, Mary DIAMOND PUZZLES.
Cardier, Alice Clarke, Mariam Waller, Jessie Earhart, Nora Nesbit, As all puzzlers are aware, diamond puzzles consist in a certain
Dora Earhart, Ada Hahn, Minnie Benjamin, Eliza Procter, Ettie number of letters placed in such a position as to form a number of
Earhart, Eliza Smith, Sadie McCune, Fannie Crook, Bertha Hahn, words, whose area is in the form ofa diamond. There are three dis-
Mary Quin, May Landon, Anna Welsh, Katie Welsh, Minnie Nes- tinct forms of the "diamond" which are now recognized by puzzlers.
bit, Jessie Floyd, Minnie Schletzbaum, Ida Hahn, Mary Grace, Katy The first, or original diamond, consists of a number of words which
na Dra Wrig E Brenner, Jia nni ri i read horizontally across a perpendicular word, which is called the
Mulenax, Dora Wright, Eby Brenner, Julia Dale, Jennie Price, Ellie base of the diamond. In this case, the words only read across; and
Earhart, Lucy Cooper, Willie Franklin, George Quin, Teddie Had- for the middle horizontal word, the perpendicular is repeated,-thus:
nail, Eddie Franklin, Isaiah Monhollon, George Waller, Hugh
McCrum, Willie Ege, Truman Floyd, and George Crook. HAT
Mr. John A. Sea, ofDoniphan, Kansas, is the recruiting-sergeant N CO N I C
for this company, and intends to enlist volunteers until the company D SA N D A LS
is increased to a battalion. DANDEL ON DANDELIO N
And then we have all these.: James S. Newton, Sarah W. Put- L 0 I. A N
nam, Robin Flanders and Mella Bueb, S. C. Merrill, Julian A. Hal- o Ho
lock, Kittie Child, Bessie Child, Alice Child, Richard Aldrich, N N
Edward B. Cushing, L. A. Freeman, Prissie Fergus, Samuel Fergus, In the second kind, we see a decided improvement, and the credit
Ida Swindler, Frankie Freeman, Woodie Freeman, George M. of the change is due to a well-known head-worker who writes over
Reese, Stephen Penrose, Henry A. Hippler, Ethel Fox, Mary and the name of "Emrestus." In this case, the words all read down and
Henry Babetta, Helen Wordsworth, Milly Fairfax, Willie W. Nisbet, across, as follows. I give the diamond which he used, and it is, I
Anna Frazier, May and Jacob Bockee, Anna Buckland, Annie Ket- believe, the first of its kind:
tier, Alice Buckland, Mary Buckland, Thomas A. Buckland, Johnnie BET
Buckland, Sadie Buckland, Lee McNichols, Willie Williams, Charlie B E G I N
Williams, Josie Williams, M. P. Norris, Eddy C. Wilstach, Lulu REG UL AR
Paine, Sarah E. Brown, Nellie Paine, Maggie Graham, Eddie Wil- T I LL Y
son, David Plumb, W. H. Stratford, C. H. Salter, Frank D. Rapelye, NAY
Bruno Tuma, John L. Salter, Willie Graham, Fred A. Pratt and his
little brother, Louise F. Olmstead, Kitty B. Whipple, Agnes P. The third and latest style of diamond has two sets of words. The
Roberts, M. L. Cross, Minnie Fisher, Carrie Fisher, Alice and Fanny perpendicular differs from the centre horizontal cross-words, and the
Eddy, S. P. Hutchinson, Bertie L. Colby, Harry M. Reynand, other words correspond with the same rule-thus
Nellie S. Colby, and W. V. A. Catron. R
One boy in this list adds to his name the proviso that no wild A L
ducks, pigeons, &c., are included. Such a proviso is not at all L ET
necessary. Mr. Haskins' resolutions refer to the "wanton destruc- L
tion of birds, and it is just as wrong to wantonly destroy wild ducks This last diamond is based on two stars,-" Algol" and "Rigel; "
and pigeons as tomtits or sparrows. If you want birds to eat, that is and this kind is now considered to be not only the star among dia-
another matter. mond puzzles, but also the star of all other puzzles of whatever name
or nature. There is one general remark which applies to all of these
styles, and it is this,-the larger the diamond, the more difficult it is
MARY E. B.-We cannot publish all of your verses about the to make and to solve.
Match Girl, dear nine-year-old. But as you and other little girls of I will place the three kinds side by side, and all of them made oi
your age may like to see one verse in print, we give it: the same base. All of these, as well as the last one given above, are
A basket on her arm she had; or al:
In it were bundles of matches. First kind. Second kind. Third kind.
No mittens on her hands she had; Simple Diamond. Diamond. Double Diamond.
And on her dress were patches.
But pretty soon her hands were numb, SET H ER RED
As she had on no mittens; SAGES HAG UE HAGA R
And the flickering of the lamps REGULAR REGULAR SECURED
Was jumping just like kittens. SALES RULER RELET
HARRY D. wishes to know the origin and meaning of the term
"foolscap paper." Who can enlighten him ? I have still one other kind to offer to the readers of ST. NICHOLAS,
one which I never have seen before. It is No. 2 reversed. All the
words can be reversed. I have not yet succeeded in making a re-
IN answer to Julia Bacon's challenge to make more than sixty- versible No. 3, so we shall be obliged to call the following a reversible
three words in common use out of the word "ecclesiastical," the fol- diamond:
lowing lists have been received: C. B., 125 words "in common use," BEN T EN
and o09 not in common use, but all found in Webster's Dictionary; RE VEL which is equivalent to L VER
Ellen G. Hodges, 1i5, besides 17 proper names; Arthur J. Burdick, N ET NE B
107; Mary S. Hood, 103; Mary Trumbull, ioo, besides 18 proper L R
names; Mary Faulkner, too, besides 12 proper and 8 geographical When any one shall succeed in making a double-diamond which is
names; A. L. A- y, too; Hattie E. Crane, 99, besides 9 proper reversible, and whose perpendicular is a word of seven letters, such
names; W. H. Danforth, 90; Robert Patterson Robins, 86, besides a person, in my opinion, will have reached the highest pinnacle of
4 proper names; Anna Frazier, 86; A. R. W., 86; Minnie E. Stew- p .
art, 83; Minnie H. Brow, 81; Willie W. Nisbet, So; C. T. Howard,
77; Jennie Miller, 74; "Nanna Fife," 74; M. L. Cross, 73; Astley IT will not do to print only such difficult problems as those sent
Atkins, 71, and Richard Aldrich, 67. Laura A. Freeman says that us by Charl" and "Aldebaran," and so we give below a little
she found too words, and Minnie Gay claims 81, but neither sends puzzle from a little boy:
a list of the words. DEAR EDITOR: I thought I would send you a little puzzle, although
I am a little boy ten years old. It is a large and important city in
ARTHUR J. BURDICK also sends a list of 340 words, which he has the United States. Its letters are mixed up. This puzzle is my first
formed from the letters of the word "metropolitan," of which Ellen attempt Good bye.-From J. T. W., JR.
G. Hodges made So. This is the puzzle: GHWNISNOAT.


good, original contributions to the Riddle Box. ing, were received too late for acknowledgment, with others, in the
August number: Donald C. McLaren, Julia Dean Hunter, Joseph
Stokes, Nellie A. Metcalf, Harry Estill, "Latinu Amator," James
Austin, Tex., April 25, 1874. Sweeny.
DEAR ST. NICHOLAS: As you have been so kind as to print my
former question, I again write to you. I send you a puzzle this time. HELEN WORDSWORTH AND MILLY FAIRFAX.-Communications
It is: The distance between the stations Aand B i 40 miles. When concerning back numbers of Our Young Folks should be addressed
and where will the passenger train from the station A, starting at 7
o'clock (in the morning), running one mile in fifteen minutes, meet to Messrs. James R. Osgood & Co., Boston, Mass.
with the other train from the station B, which started at 8.40 (in the
morning), running one mile in ten minutes ? LEILA, OF VIRGINIA.-See a funny game, for sale everywhere,
On the cover of my last number of ST. NICHOLAS, I read that all
the girls and boys who send new subscribers this year are going to be called Hbcus-Pocus. Also, the Protean Cards, or Box of a Hundred
on the list of the Roll of Honor, as the founders of the magazine. Games, published by Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, of Phila-
Now, I have a good many friends, and think I will get them all to delphia.
subscribe, for I want the ST. NICHOLAS to come regularly for many,
many years yet.-Yours truly, HENRY STEUSSI, JR. SIRS: Will you, at the end of this year, bind the twelve numbers
Sc of the ST. NICHOLAS, if they are sent with money for binding?
Who can send a correct answer to the above problem? We shall LAMBERT."
print Henry's answer next month. Yes. Terms will be announced hereafter.

SUSIE AND CHARLETON.-In the July number of ST. NICHOLAS, we published the names of some very simple and pleasing pieces of
music for the piano, designed for beginners like yourselves. But here comes an original little "ST. NICHOLAS WALTZ," by Mary A. Leland,
a little girl eleven years of age,-just one year older than you are, Susie; and believing that you and other beginners will take special
interest in seeing the little girl's composition, we print a fac-simile of a portion of her manuscript:


I [ I/ 'I i.


THE central letters form a town of France: r. An BE not in despair, Ella, but seek a bee. Oh forever
uninhabited island of the Malay Archipelago. 2. A city and aye to find one like those that are in the cabinet
of Pennsylvania. 3. A town of Spain. 4. A town of of the professor who lived on the Dee.
Brazil. 5. A river of England. 6. A consonant. 7. A The hidden letters spell a well-known article of
market town of Spain. 8. A river of Naples. 9. A mar- school furniture. L. G.
ket town of England. 0o. A town of Lombardy. CHARADE.
A town of British India. ALDEBARAN.
MY first is part of your face; my second you feel
ENIGMA. when you are cold; my third is a letter; and my whole
is an animal. NIP.
I AM composed of twenty letters. My 14, 6, 8, 5, 18 DI D P E.
is a surgical instrument; my 17, 19, 9, 5 is an animal; DIAMOND PUZZLE.
my 20, 7, 4 is an adverb; my II, I, 10, 14 is an insect; I. A CONSONANT. 2. A boy's nickname. 3. To re-
my 16, 8, 4, 14, 13, 6 is a well-known poet; my 15, 16, store. 4. In order. 5. A puzzle. 6. A hag. 7. Sup-
8, 6, 2 is to despise; my 14, 3, 12, 6 is a nobleman. plies heat. 8. To repent. 9. A consonant.
My whole is a proverb. S. M. G. FAN-FAN.

874.1 THE RIDDLE BOX. 687


J ,
4iN -: *

7, 8, 5. I, 9, IO, 5. 4, 8, 12. 6, 2, 12, 3. 12, 13, II.
THIS is a novel enigma, but can be easily understood. It should he read: "My 7, 8, 5 is"--(what the picture above the figures
represents)--and so forth. The enigma is composed of thirteen letters, and the whole is something good to eat.

SIX young ladies who attended the same school were I. THROUGH passing centuries about me clings
each known by a name that spelt backwards and for- The wealth which rich association brings.
wards the same. Near by was a boys' school, where
were three lads known by names which spelt the same 2. An overcoat I might be called in jest,
either way. On Saturdays, at the time of day spelt both Though under me was never worn a vest;
ways alike, the boys and girls were allowed to play to- Part of a flower, part of the human frame,
gether; and the mistress, whose title is spelt either way And a fair open leaf, all own my name.
the same, often joined in their sports. Sometimes one
of the girls would call a little boy by a familiar term, 3. Against my third, our nation, as you know,
spelt the same either way, and he in turn would address Rebelled about a hundred years ago.
her by another, which was snelt the same either way.
One young lady, of a somewhat devout tendency, said 4. My fourth in many a shady spot is found,
she should like to be a woman spelt the same either way, To gladden by its beauty all the ground;
but her companion said she held a different opinion, And when you see it after summer storms,
spelt the same either way. One of the boys had a little One-seventh of something beautiful it forms.
animal spelled both ways alike, which he called by a
name spelt the same either way. Another boy had a 5. My fifth you do when, writing to a friend,
large Newfoundland dog, which was such a giant that You 've brought your long epistle to an end.
he called him by a name spelt backwards and forwards
the same. One day, one of the young ladies was copy- 6. My sixth I so despise, and all about it,
ing something, spelt the same either way, and another I wish that I might square my word without it;
was taking her music-lesson; the latter mistook some- Heads that hold fewest solid thoughts may use it,
thing that is spelled the same either way, when her Let wiser ones persistently refuse it. J. P. B.
teacher uttered an exclamation, spelt both ways alike,
and said he was afraid that something she was using,
spelt the same either way, was out of order, although he ILLUSTRATED PROVERB.
had seen her using it the other day when sewing on
some cloth, spelt backwards and forwards the same.
Just then a young gentleman, whose father held an
office spelt the same either way, called to say he should
like to take her out riding in a vehicle spelled the same
either way. Being a little timid, she was inclined to re-
fuse, but he expostulated with her, using a word that is
spelt the same either way, assuring her that the horse
was gentle, and the roads spelt the same either way.
So take off that thing, which is spelled both ways the
same," said he, "and come along."
Her cheeks had been flushed, but now they spelt both
ways alike. They took their ride, and on the way saw
a little boy trying to do something, which is spelt the
same either way, with a new toy, and another lad trying BLANK SQUARE.
to feed a chicken, sick with an infirmity that is spelt the
same either way, with some food, spelt either way alike, FILL the blanks with words forming a square: There
while a party whom he addressed by a name that is spelt is not a of truth in this which says that the
either way the same, stood looking on. A. S. was bought for NIP.




FOUR very little things it takes THE square is composed of sixty-four figures, and the
To make the sweetest thing on earth; sum of each horizontal and perpendicular line, and also
Without it, wealth and station are the sum of each diagonal of this square, amounts to
Of very little use or worth, forty-eight. Each perpendicular column of figures must
be composed of the same figures which are found in its
I '11 tell you where to get the parts, corresponding lateral column, in order to form the per-
But you must put them in their place; feet square. What are the figures, arranged in their
A pleasant task 't will surely be proper order ? ALDEBARAN,
To add to beauty so much grace.

One little sprig of heliotrope, DOUBLE CENTRAL ACROSTIC.
One blushing rose, one violet; THE two central letters, read downward, will give two
From each of these one portion take, of our feathered favorites: I. Creeping. 2. To ravage.
And then one part of mignonette. A. s. 3. Secretly. 4. Grateful. TYPO.


CLASSICAL EN1GMA.-Metempsychosis. and lover draw near, she was glad the net was a good fit; besides, as
CHARADE.-Arkwright. the gas was not lit, the room was dim. Once, being startled out of a
GEOGRAPHICAL DECAPITATIONS.--. B-ass. M-organ. nap by thunder, she bumped the wen; but she went where there was
F-ear. 4. B-arrow. 5. P-earl. 6. B-lack. 7. B-road. 8. D-over. a flow of cold water, and held it under. Spirt, water !" said she,
F-lint. faint as a wounded deer; and then she went for Ned. Ned was a
T. F- nt negro doctor. He put on tar, which was meet; but her ma was
TWISTED TREES.--I. Maple ample. 2. Her cry-cherry. 3. mad because it was not part water. However, it cured her, and now
Pines-spine. 4. Ash-has. 5. Rosy came-sycamore. 6. Peach she may wear her net or not as she pleases.
-cheap. 7. Go near-orange.
DIAMOND PUZZLE.- c A BIRD ENIGMA.- Mocking-bird.--. Macaw. 2 Oriole. 3.
POT Canary. 4. Kite. 5. Indigo. 6 Nightingale. 7. Goldfinch. 8.
B N A R Blue-bird. 9. Ibis. to. Robin. o. Dove.
P 0 T I ON PICTURE QUOTATION.-" Hence, horrible shadow! unreal mock-
c O N T I N U E D ery, hence! "-M-acbeth, act 3, scene 4.
T A INTED REBUS, No. 2.-" Man wants but little here below,
N E D Nor wants that little long."
D RHYMING DECAPITATION.-- Growing, rowing, owing, wing.
HIDDEN CITIES.-I. Yeddo. 2. Rome. 3. Athens. 4. Berne. 2. Trifling, nfling, I fling, fling.
5. Pekin. 6. London. 7. Lima. 8. Leeds. 9. Hartford. to. PUZZLE.-Begin with the C at the top of the circle, and moving to
Mobile. ix. Toledo. x2. Lowell. the right, count off every ninth one.
DOUBLE ACRosTIC.-Napoleon, St. Helena. CC
N-arcissu-S ci CCc
A -prico- T G
P -orc-- H
0 --riol- E /'
L -aure L \
E -pisod- E
0 --rio- N
N -atk- A
REBUS, No. i.-Gold-fish.
G -ul- F.
0 I 1 c
D -is- H
A BACKWARD STORY.-A beautiful girl had a wen close to the SYNCOPATIONS.-. Lance, lane. 2. Stale, sale. 3. House, hose.
very top part of her head. "But," she said, "it does not mar it 4. Cannon, canon. 5. Atlas, alas.
much-at least not when I don my net." When she saw her mother GEOGRAPHICAL ENIGMA.-Liverpool.

ANSWERS TO PUZZLES IN JULY NUMBER have been received from Eddie H. Eckel, Busy Bee," M. T. R., "Typo," Ellen G. Hodges,
Henry C. Hart, Emma H. Massman, Charles B. Penrose, Ella C., Arthur H. Clarke, Charles T. Howe, Willie Crocker, Neddie A. George,
Mattie T., Arthur T. Randall, M. H. Rochester, May Trumbull, E. Reumont, Lulu," Rebecca Yates, Lizzie C. Brown, Gertie Bradley,
Brown, Jones and Robinson," Julia Dean Hunter, Maude Marcy, Helen Hayes, "Carrie," Nellie S. Colby, Eddie Henry Taylor, W. F.
Bridge, Jr., Louise F. Olmstead, Sophie Winslow, and A. G. Cameron.



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