The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
GULF COAST RESEARCH & EDUCATION CENTER
IFAS, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
5007-60th Street East
A' -/ Bradenton, Florida' 34203
Bradenton GCREC Research Report BRA1985-6 March 1985
DEVELOPMENT AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE
GULF COAST RESEARCH & EDUCATION CENTER IN BRADENTON
John Paul Jones, Gary J. Wilfret and Will E. Waters, Editors
The purpose of this publication is to acquaint you with the history,
development, and some of the significant accomplishments of the Gulf
Coast Research and Education Center in Bradenton, Florida. Since
this is the centennial year of the agricultural education and research
activities in Florida, it is appropriate to acknowledge the accomplish-
ments and history of this unit. This Center, with affiliated Agricul-
tural Research and Education Centers located in Dover and Immokalee,
Florida, is a research, extension and educational unit of the Univer-
sity of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
In Bradenton, we have three Extension Specialists, 16 state research
scientists and one grant supported scientist position from various
disciplines of training who participate in all phases of vegetable
and ornamental horticulture. This interdisciplinary team approach,
combining several research disciplines and a wide range of industry
and faculty contacts, often is more productive than could be accom-
plished with limited investments in independent programs.
The Center's primary mission is to develop new and expand existing
knowledge and technology, and disseminate new scientific knowledge
on vegetable and ornamental crops in Florida, so that agriculture
remains efficient and economically competitive with other geographic
areas of the world.
The secondary mission of the Center is to assist the Cooperative
Extension Service, IFAS campus departments in which Center faculty hold
appropriate liaison appointments, and other research centers in
extension, educational training, and cooperative research programs for
the benefit of Florida's producers, students and consumers.
Program areas of emphasis include: (1) genetics, breeding, and
varietal development and evaluation; (2) biological, chemical, and
mechanical pest management for diseases, insects, nematodes, and weeds;
(3) production efficiency, culture, management of environmental stress;
(4) water utilization, quality, conservation, and management; (5) food
quality, safety, utilization and post-harvest physiology of horticul-
tural crops; (6) air, water, and land management; (7) mechanization,
harvesting, handling, and engineering; (8) energy conservation tech-
niques and alternate energy sources; (9) advancement of the basic
knowledge in disciplines; (10) regional and state cooperative extension
programs and public service; and (11) student advisement and teaching.
List of Significant Accomplishmentz of the
Gulf Coast Research & Education Center in Brada 7'on
1925 5 Tomato Disease Laboratory established in Palmetto, Florida
to formulate a control for an epidemic outbreak of the
nailheadd spot" disease of tomato.
1925 'Marglobe' tomato cultivar developed for resistance to
nailhead spot in cooperation with the USDA and the University
of Florida, Department of the Plant Pathology.
1,926 Formal plant pathology program initiated.
1926-28 Tomato disease complex consisting of gray leafspot, nailhead
spot, and early blight identified and control measures
developed permitting winter crop production.
1930 Eradication of nailhead spot of tomato accomplished.
1935 Formal entomology program initiated.
1935 'Glovel' tomato cultivar released in cooperation with the
USDA and the University of Florida, Department of Plant
1937 Vegetable Crops Laboratory created in Bradenton and Dr. J. R.
Beckenbach appointed head.
1939 Horticultural and fertility practices established permitting
vegetable culture on the flatland sandy soils of the south-
west coast of Florida.
1940 First formal annual vegetable Field Day held for area
growers, seed company representatives, and other
1902 'Newell,' 'Cardinal King,' and 'Ruby Queen' tomato cultivars
introduced in cooperation with the University of Florida
Department of Plant Pathology.
1941 Galloping rust of tomato determined to be caused by a zinc
deficiency and correctable by zinc sulfate sprays.
1942 Research programs at Bradenton expanded to ornamentals with
emphasis on cut flowers.
1942 International leadership in tomato breeding established
with the IFAS tomato breeding program which has released
over 35 improved multidisease-resistant tomato varieties
for patio, home gardens, and commercial acreage.
1945 Soil fumigation for vegetable seed bed research initiated.
1945 Gladiolus breeding and disease control program commenced.
IFAS Accomplishments, Cont'd.
1946 Herbicide research program initiated for vegetables aec.
1946 In-row fumigation for nematode control first developed for
1947 First formal annual ornamental Field Day held for area growers.
1948 One of the first to experiment with and recommend organo-
phosphates for insect control in vegetable crops.
1951. Vegetable Crops Laboratory promoted to branch station status
and named Gulf Coast Experiment Station.
1952-57 Calcium deficiency determined to cause blossom-end rot of
popper and tomato and black heart of celery.
1952 Initiation of air pollution research in Florida wi.h emphasis
1953 Formal nematology program initiated.
1953 'Manalucie' tomato released, the first multidisease-resistant
fresh market tomato.
1953 First nationally-recognized publication on lawn grass damage
by nematodes developed.
1954 Physiological disorders of ornamentals identified and control
1954 Elucidated the role of atmospheric fluoride in the Gladiolus
1955-60 Control for the serious stromatinia disease of gladiolus
1956 -South Florida Field Laboratory established and administratively
assigned to Bradenton.
1958 'Florida Pink,' first Fusarium bulbrot-tolerant gladiolus
1963 Strawberry and Vegetable Field Laboratory in Dover relocated
on a new 20-acre site and administratively assigned to Gulf
Coast Station in Bradenton.
1963-75 Slow release fertilizer utilization for ornamentals developed.
1965 Demonstrated that crop nutrition greatly affected keeping
quality of commercial cut flowers.
1965 Methods involving photoperiod manipulation developed to
control blooming dates of certain ornamentals.
IFAS Accomplishments, Cont'd.
1965-78 Methods developed for improving keeping quality of cut flowers.
1965-70 Hot water treatment of gladiolus cormels for disease control
1967 Race 2 of the tomato wilt Fusarium discovered on west coast
1968 First to discover that soluble fluorides in well waters
greatly reduce vase life of certain cut flowers.
1969 'Walter' tomato cultivar released, first variety resistant
to Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2.
1969 Development of full bed mulch, high analysis fertilizer,
and fumigation production system culminated in first
adoption by Florida vegetable growers.
1969 Published first complete commercial chrysanthemum production
bulletin for Florida.
1969 Gladiolus breeding program expanded to include other flower
1970 Cultural control of Fusarium wilt of vegetables developed
and expanded to ornamentals in 1972.
1971 Release of 'Florida MH-1 first fresh-market machine harvestable
1971 Research program on caladiums initiated at Bradenton.
1973 Research program on water conservation and utilization initiated.
1975 Ornamental growers first utilized research on full bed mulch
with gypsophila and statice production.
1977 Caladium breeding and cultivar development program initiated.
1977 'Floramerica' F1 hybrid tomato cultivar released which was
the first tomato since 1941 to be an All-American winner.
1977 Implementation of linear drip irrigation as a vehicle for
applying pesticides and nutrients to crops.
1977-82 Development of caladium production system for sandy or muck
soils, resulting in increased yields over standard commercial
1978 Integrated pest management system for vegetable crops initiated
resulting in elimination of industry-wide leafminer outbreaks.
1979 First implementation of an integrated pest management program
in commercial flower crops.
IFAS Accomplishments, Con't.
1979 Ornamental breeding program released Dendrobium Autumn
Lace 'Florida Twist,' a floriforous orchid for the orchid
1979 First landscape gladiolus for Florida released, 'Jessie
M. Conner,' a yellow Fusarium-resistant gladiolus.
1980 State tomato average yield exceeds 1,000 marketable 30 pound
units per acre utilizing disease resistant cultivars and
the full-bed plastic mulch management concept devised at
the Bradenton Center.
1981-84 Bacteriology program discovers and identifies three new
bacterial diseases of vegetables -:.ri two of ornamenta.lso
1981 Tomato breeding program releases 'Hayslip' and 'Burgis',
first jointless fresh market tomato cultivars.
1981 Tomato breeding program releases 'Florida Lanai,' Petite,'
and 'Florida Basket,' dwarf tomato cultivars for the patio
1981 Hale disruption technique involving pheromomes shown to
control pinworm of tomato.
1981 A formal cultivar testing program initiated for ornamental
and vegetable crops.
1981 A red cut-flower gladiolus, 'Florida Flame,' was released
from the ornamental breeding program for its resistance
to Fusarium and Stromatinia.
1982 Release of first tissue cultured day neutral gypsophila
cultivars 'Florida Mist' and 'Floriana Cascade.'
1982 First discovery of race 3 of the tomato wilt Fusarium in
the United States.
1982 Two bell pepper breeding lines, 'WF75-6' and 'WF75-139'
with concentrated fruit set were released.
1983 'Dr. Magie,' a salmon pink gladiolus with resistance to
Fusarium, was released as a commercial cut flower.
1984 Production systems for cut flowers using water conservation
techniques which reduce water usage by 75% was released
1984 Discovery of hypersensitive-type resistance to bacterial
spot in a tomato breeding line.
1984 Currently releasing a new multi-disease resistant, jointless
commercial tomato cultivar named 'Horizon.'
IFAS Accomplictments, Cont'd.
1984 Currently releasing a new multi-disease resistant high quality
home garden tomato cultivar called 'Sun Coast.1
1984 Currently releasing the first three commercial caladium
cultivars by a land grant school.
1985 Combinations of herbicides demonstrated to give excellent
control of weeds in row middles.