Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 To the public
 Table of Contents
 Half Title
 Chapter I
 Chapter II
 Chapter III
 Chapter IV
 Chapter V
 Chapter VI
 Chapter VII
 Chapter VIII
 Chapter IX
 Chapter X
 Chapter XI
 Chapter XII
 Chapter XIII
 Chapter XIV
 Chapter XV
 Chapter XVI
 Chapter XVII
 Chapter XVIII
 Chapter XIX
 Chapter XX
 Preface to the second volume
 Chapter XXI
 Chapter XXII
 Chapter XXIII
 Chapter XXIV
 Chapter XXV
 Chapter XXVI
 Chapter XXVII
 Chapter XXVIII
 Chapter XXIX
 Chapter XXX
 Chapter XXXI
 Chapter XXXII
 Chapter XXXIII
 Chapter XXXIV
 Back Cover

Group Title: Lotos series
Title: Original travels and surprising adventures of Baron Munchausen
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00056232/00001
 Material Information
Title: Original travels and surprising adventures of Baron Munchausen
Series Title: Lotos series
Uniform Title: Baron Munchausen's narrative of his marvellous travels
Physical Description: 253, 1, 2 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 16 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Forrester, Alfred Henry, 1804-1872 ( Author, Primary )
Trübner & Co ( Publisher )
Ballantyne, Hanson and Co ( Printer )
Publisher: Trübner & Co.
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Ballantyne, Hanson & Co.
Publication Date: 1889
Edition: New ed.
Subject: Wit and humor   ( lcsh )
Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Voyages and travels -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Hunting -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Animals -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Natural history -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
War -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Slavery -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Sailing -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Statesmen -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Kings and rulers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Philosophers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1889   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1889
Genre: Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
Statement of Responsibility: Illustrated by Alfred Crowquill.
General Note: Publisher's advertisements follow text.
General Note: Title page printed in red and black ink.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00056232
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002235190
notis - ALH5632
oclc - 27914770

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Page i
    Front Matter
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Title Page
        Page v
        Page vi
    To the public
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Table of Contents
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
        Page xv
        Page xvi
        Page xvii
        Page xviii
        Page xix
        Page xx
    Half Title
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Chapter I
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Chapter II
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Chapter III
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    Chapter IV
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
    Chapter V
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Chapter VI
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Chapter VII
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
    Chapter VIII
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Chapter IX
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Chapter X
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
    Chapter XI
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
    Chapter XII
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
    Chapter XIII
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
    Chapter XIV
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
    Chapter XV
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
    Chapter XVI
        Page 100
        Page 101
    Chapter XVII
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
    Chapter XVIII
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
    Chapter XIX
        Page 112
        Page 113
    Chapter XX
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
    Preface to the second volume
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
    Chapter XXI
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
    Chapter XXII
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
    Chapter XXIII
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
    Chapter XXIV
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
    Chapter XXV
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
    Chapter XXVI
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
    Chapter XXVII
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
    Chapter XXVIII
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
    Chapter XXIX
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
    Chapter XXX
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
    Chapter XXXI
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
    Chapter XXXII
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
    Chapter XXXIII
        Page 240
        Page 241
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
        Page 245
        Page 246
        Page 247
        Page 248
    Chapter XXXIV
        Page 249
        Page 250
        Page 251
        Page 252
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Back Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
Full Text
Ip, I

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The Baldwin Library
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Cbe lotos series.


A Line Portrait: the only one to be relied on, as it was
Photlograhed by a Son of his own.





55aron lbunlcbausen.


a Jiebo Qt itioin.

[All rights reserved.]

EdinbrWsr and London


HAVING heard, for the first time, that my
adventures have been doubted and looked
upon as jokes, I feel bound to come forward and
vindicate my character for veracity, by paying
three shillings at the Mansion House of this great
city for the affidavits hereto appended.
This I have been forced into in regard of my
own honour, although I have retired for many
years from public and private life; and I hope
that this, my last edition, will place me in a proper
light with my readers.

We, the undersigned, as true believers in the
profit, do most solemnly affirm, that all the ad-
ventures of our friend Baron Munchausen, in what-

viii Uo the Iublic.

ever country they may lie, are positive and Simple
facts. And, as we have been believed, whose
adventures are tenfold more wonderful, so do we
hope all true believers will give him their full faith
and credence.


Sworn at the Mansion House
9th Nov. last, in the absence of
the Lord Mayor.
JOHN (the Porter).

,, y ...

The Baron relates an Account of his first Travels-The
astonishing Effects of a Storm-Arrives at Ceylon;
combats and conquers two extraordinary Opponents
-Returns to Holland 23


In which the Baron proves himself a good Shot-He
loses his Horse, and finds a Wolf-Makes him draw
his Sledge-Promises to entertain his Company with
a Relation of such Facts as are well deserving their
Notice 30

x Contents.

An Encounter between the Baron's Nose and a Door-
post, with its wonderful effects-Fifty Brace of Ducks
and other Fowl destroyed by one Shot-Flogs a Fox
out of his skin-Leads an old Sow home in a new
way, and vanquishes a wild Boar 34


Reflections on Saint Hubert's Stag-Shoots a Stag
with Cherry-stones ; the wonderful effects of it-Kills
a Bear by extraordinary Dexterity; his Danger
pathetically described-Attacked by a Wolf, which
he turns inside out-Is assailed by a mad Dog, from
which he escapes-The Baron's cloak seized with
Madness, by which his whole Wardrobe is thrown
into Confusion 38


The effects of great Activity and Presence of Mind-A
favourite Hound described, which pups while pur-
suing a Hare; the Hare also litters while pursued
by the Hound-Presented with a famous Horse by
Count Przobossky, with which he performs many
extraordinary Feats 44


The Baron is made a Prisoner of War, and sold for a
Slave-Keeps the Sultan's Bees, which are attacked
by two Bears-Loses one of his Bees; a Silver

Contents. xi

Hatchet, which he throws at the Bears, rebounds
and flies up to the Moon; brings it back by an in-
genious Invention; falls to the Earth on his Return,
and helps himself out of a Pit-Extricates himself
from a Carriage which meets his in a narrow Road,
in a manner never before attempted, nor practised
since-The wonderful Effects of the Frost upon his
Servant's French-horn 51


The Baron relates his Adventures on a Voyage to
North America, which are well worth the Reader's
Attention-Pranks of a Whale-A Sea-gull saves a
Sailor's Life-The Baron's Head forced into his
Stomach-A dangerous Leak stopped d posteriori 57


Bathes in the Mediterranean-Meets an unexpected
Companion-Arrives unintentionally in the Regions
of Heat and Darkness, from which he is extricated
by dancing a Hornpipe-Frightens his Deliverers,
and returns on Shore 61


Adventures in Turkey, and upon the River Nile-Sees
a Balloon over Constantinople; shoots at and brings
it down; finds a French Experimental Philosopher
suspended from it-Goes on an Embassy to Grand
Cairo, and returns upon the Nile, where he is thrown
into an unexpected Situation, and detained six weeks 64

xii Contents.

Pays a Visit during the Siege of Gibraltar to his old
Friend General Elliot-Sinks a Spanish Man of War
-Wakes an old Woman on the African Coast-De-
stroys all the Enemy's Cannon-Frightens the Count
d'Artois, and sends him to Paris-Saves the Lives of
two English Spies with the identical Sling that killed
Goliah, and raises the Siege .70


An interesting Account of the Baron's Ancestors-A
Quarrel relative to the Spot where Noah built his
Ark-The History of the Sling, and its Properties-
A favourite Poet introduced upon no very reputable
Occasion Queen Elizabeth's Abstinence The
Baron's Father crosses from England to Holland,
upon a Marine Horse, which he sells for Seven
Hundred Ducats 77


The Frolic; its Consequences-Windsor Castle-St.
Paul's-College of Physicians, Undertakers, Sextons,
&c., almost ruined-Industry of the Apothecaries 81


The Baron sails with Captain Phipps-Attacks two
large Bears, and has a very narrow Escape-Gains
the Confidence of these Animals, and then destroys
Thousands of them ; loads the Ship with their Hams

Contents. xiii

and Skins; makes Presents of the former, and
obtains a general Invitation to all City Feasts-A
Dispute between the Captain and the Baron, in
which, from Motives of Politeness, the Captain is
suffered to gain his Point-The Baron declines the
Honour of a Throne, and an Empress into the
Bargain .. .84

Our Baron excels Baron Tott beyond all Comparison;
yet fails in part of his Attempt-Gets into Disgrace
with the Grand Seignior, who orders his Head to be
cut off-Escapes, and gets on Board a Vessel, in
which he is carried to Venice-Baron Tott's Origin,
with some Account of that great Man's Parents-
Pope Ganganelli's Amour--His Holiness fond of
Shell-fish .. 90

A further Account of the Journey from Harwich to
Helvoetsluys-Description of a number of Marine
Objects, never mentioned by any Traveller before-
Rocks seen in this Passage, equal to the Alps in
Magnitude: Lobsters, Crabs, &c., of an extraordinary
Magnitude-A Woman's Life saved; the Cause of
her falling into the Sea; Dr. Hawes's Directions
followed with Success 96

This is a very short Chapter, but contains a Fact for
which the Baron's Memory ought to be dear to every
Englishman, especially those who may hereafter have
the Misfortune of being made Prisoners of War 100oo

xiv Contents.

Voyage Eastward-The Baron introduces a Friend,
who never deceived him; wins a Hundred Guineas
by pinning his Faith upon that Friend's Nose-
Game started at Sea-Some other Circumstances,
which will, it is hoped, afford the Reader no small
Degree of Amusement 02


A second Visit (but an accidental one) to the Moon-
The Ship driven by a Whirlwind a Thousand
Leagues above the Surface of the Water, where a
new Atmosphere meets them, and carries them into
a capacious Harbour in the Moon-A Description of
the Inhabitants, and their Manner of coming into
the Lunarian World-Animals, Customs, Weapons
of War, Wines, Vegetables, &c. 105


The Baron crosses the Thames without the Assistance
of a Bridge, Ship, Boat, Balloon, or even his own
Will; rouses himself after a Long Nap, and
Destroys a Monster, who lived upon the Destruction
of others 112


The Baron slips through the World; after paying a
Visit to Mount Etna, he finds himself in the South
Sea; visits Vulcan in his Passage; gets on board
a Dutchman ; arrives at an Island of Cheese, sur-

Contents. xv

rounded by a Sea of Milk; describes some very
extraordinary Objects-Lose their Compass; their
Ship slips between the Teeth of a Fish unknown in
this part of the World; their Difficulty in escaping
from thence; arrive in the Caspian Sea-Starves a
Bear to Death-A few Waistcoat Anecdotes-In this
Chapter, which is the longest, the Baron moralises
upon the Virtue of Veracity 114


Extraordinary Flight on the Back of an Eagle over
France to Gibraltar, South and North America, the
Polar Regions, and back to England, within Six-
and-Thirty Hours 130



The Baron insists on the Veracity of his former
Memoirs-Forms a Design of making Discoveries
in the interior Parts of Africa-His Discourse with
Hilaro Frosticos about it-His Conversation with
Lady Fragrantia-The Baron goes with other Persons
of Distinction to Court; relates an Anecdote of the
Marquis de Bellecourt 147

Preparations for the Baron's Expedition into Africa-
Description of his Chariot; the Beauties of its
interior Decorations; the Animals that drew it; and
the Mechanism of the Wheels 156

xvi Contents.

The Baron proceeds on his Voyage-Convoys a
Squadron to Gibraltar-Declines the Acceptance of
the Island of Candia-His Chariot damaged by
Pompey's Pillar and Cleopatra's Needle The
Baron outdoes Alexander-Breaks his Chariot, and
splits a great Rock at the Cape of Good Hope 16o


The Baron secures his Chariot, &c., at the Cape, and
takes his Passage for England in an homeward-
bound Indiaman-Wrecked upon an Island of Ice
near the Coast of Guinea-Escapes from the Wreck,
and rears a variety of Vegetables upon the Island-
Meets some Vessels belonging to the Negroes bring-
ing White Slaves from Europe, in Retaliation, to
work upon their Plantations in a cold Climate near
the South Pole-Arrives in England and lays an
Account of his Expedition before the Privy Council
-Great Preparations for a new Expedition-The
Sphinx, Gog and Magog, and a great Company
attend him-The Ideas of Hilaro Frosticos respect-
ing the Interior Parts of Africa 66


Count Gosamer thrown by Sphinx into the Snow on
the Top of Teneriffe-Gog and Magog conduct
Sphinx for the rest of the Voyage-The Baron arrives
at the Cape, and unites his former Chariot, &c., to
his new retinue-Passes into Africa, proceeding from

Contents. xvii

the Cape northward-Defeats a Host of Lions by a
curious Stratagem-Travels through an immense
Desert-His whole Company, Chariot, &c., over-
whelmed by a Whirlwind of Sand-Extricates them,
and arrives in a fertile Country r75


A Feast on live Bulls and Kava-The Inhabitants
admire the European Adventurers-The Emperor
comes to meet the Baron, and pays him great Com-
pliments-The Inhabitants of the centre of Africa
descended from the people of the Moon, proved by
an Inscription in Africa, and by the analogy of their
Language, which is also the same with that of the
ancient Scythians-The Baron is declared Sovereign
of the Interior of Africa, on the Decease of the
Emperor-He endeavours to abolish the Custom of
eating live Bulls, which excites much Discontent-
The advice of Hilaro Frosticos upon the Occasion-
The Baron makes a Speech to the Assembly of the
States, which only excites greater Murmurs-He
consults with Hilaro Frosticos 185.


A Proclamation by the Baron-Excessive Curiosity of
the People to know what Fudge was-The People in
a general Ferment about it-They break open all
the Granaries in the Empire-The Affections of the
People conciliated-An Ode performed in Honour of
the Baron-His Discourse with Fragrantia on the
Excellence of the Music 196

xviii Contents.

The Baron sets all the People of the Empire to work
to build a Bridge from their Country to Great
Britain-His contrivance to render the Arch secure
-Orders an Inscription to be engraved on the
Bridge-Returns with all his Company, Chariots,
&c., to England-Surveys the Kingdoms and Nations
under him from the Middle of the Bridge 204

The Baron's Retinue is opposed in a heroic Style by
Don Quixote, who in his turn is attacked by Gog
and Magog-Lord Whittington with the Lord
Mayor's Show comes to the Assistance of Don
Quixote-Gog and Magog assail his Lordship-
Lord Whittington makes a Speech, and deludes
Gog and Magog to his Party-A general Scene of
Uproar and Battle among the Company, until the
Baron, with great Presence of Mind, appeases the
Tumult 209

The Baron arrives in England-The Colossus of
Rhodes comes to congratulate him-Great Rejoic-
ings on the Baron's Return, and a tremendous
Concert-The Baron's Discourse with Fragrantia,
and her Opinion of the Tour to the Hebrides 216

A litigated contention between Don Quixote, Gog,
Magog, &c.-A grand Court assembled upon it-
The Appearance of the Company-The Matrons,

Contents. xix

Judges, &c.-The Method of Writing, and the Use
of the fashionable Amusement Quizzes-Wauwau
arrives from the Country of Prester John, and leads
the whole Assembly a Wild-goose Chase to the Top
of Plinlimmon, and thence to Virginia-The Baron
meets a Floating Island in his Voyage to America-
Pursues Wauwau with his whole Company through
the Deserts of North America-His curious Con-
trivance to seize Wauwau in a Morass 221


The Baron harangues the Company, and they con-
tinue the Pursuit-The Baron wandering from his
Retinue, is taken by the Savages, scalped, and tied
to a Stake to be roasted; but he contrives to ex-
tricate himself, and kills the Savages-The Baron
Travels overland through the Forests of North
America, to the Confines of Russia-Arrives at the
Castle of the Nareskin Rowskimowmowsky, and
gallops into the Kingdom of Loggerheads-A
Battle, in which the Baron fights the Nareskin in
single Combat, and generously gives him his Life-
Arrives at the Friendly Islands, and discourses with
Omai-The Baron with all his Attendants goes from
Otaheite to the Isthmus of Darien; and having cut
a Canal across the Isthmus, returns to England 229


The Baron goes to Petersburgh, and converses with
the Empress-Persuades the Russians and Turks to
cease cutting one another's Throats, and in concert
cut a Canal across the Isthmus of Suez-The Baron

xx Contents.

discovers the Alexandrian Library, and meets with
Hermes Trismegistus-Besieges Seringapatam, and
challenges Tippoo Saib to single Combat-They
fight-The Baron receives some Wounds on his
Face, but at last vanquishes the Tyrant-The Baron
returns to Europe, and raises the Hull of the Royal
George 240


The Baron makes a Speech to the National Assembly,
and drives out all the Members-Routs the Fish-
women and the National Guards-Pursues the
whole Rout into a Church, where he defeats the
National Assembly, &c., with Rousseau, Voltaire,
and Beelzebub at their Head, and liberates Marie
Antoinette and the Royal Family 249






The Baron relates an account of his first travels-The
astonishing effects of a storm-Arrives at Ceylon; con-
bats and conquers two extraordinary opponents-Returns
to Holland.

OME years
S before my
beard an-
nounced ap-
Pp /manhood,
or, in other
words, when
I was neither
man norboy,
but between
both, I expressed in repeated conversations a
strong desire of seeing the world ; from which

24 Original travels of

I was discouraged by my parents, though my
father had been no inconsiderable traveller him-
self, as will appear before I have reached the end
of my singular, and, I may add, interesting adven-
tures. A cousin,, by my mother's side, took a
liking to me, often said I was a fine forward youth,
and was much inclined to gratify my curiosity.
His eloquence had more effect than mine, for my
father consented to my accompanying him in a
voyage to the island of Ceylon, where his uncle
had resided as governor many years.
We sailed from Amsterdam with despatches
from their High Mightinesses the States of Holland.
The only circumstance which happened on our
voyage worth relating, was the wonderful effects
of a storm, which had torn up by the roots a great
number of trees of enormous bulk and height, in
an island where we lay at anchor to take in wood
and water; some of these trees weighed many
tons, yet they were carried by the wind so amaz-
ingly high, that they appeared like the feathers of
small birds floating in the air, for they were at
least five miles above the earth : however, as soon
as the storm subsided, they all fell perpendicularly
into their respective places, and took root again,
except the largest, which happened, when it was
blown into the air, to have a man and his wife,
a very honest old couple, upon its branches, gather-

3Baron Aiutncbausen. 25

ing cucumbers (in this part of the globe that useful
vegetable grows upon trees) : the weight of this
couple, as the tree descended, overbalanced the
trunk, and brought it down in an horizontal posi-
tion : it fell upon the chief man of the island, and
killed him on the spot; he had quitted his house
in the storm, under an apprehension of its falling
upon him, and was returning through his own
garden when this fortunate accident happened.-
The word fortunate, here, requires some explana-
tion.-This chief was a man of a very avaricious
and oppressive disposition, and though he had no
family, the natives of the island were half-starved
by his oppressive and infamous impositions.
The very goods which he had thus taken from
them were spoiling in his stores, while the poor
wretches from whom they were plundered were
pining in poverty. Though the destruction of
this tyrant was accidental, the people chose the
cucumber gatherers for their governors, as a
mark of their gratitude for destroying, though
accidentally, their late tyrant.
After we had repaired the damages we sustained
in this remarkable storm, and taken leave of the
new governor and his lady, we sailed with a fair
wind for the object of our voyage.
In about six weeks we arrived at Ceylon, where
we were received with great marks of friendship

26 Original Uravels of

and true politeness. The following singular ad-
venture may not prove unentertaining.
After we had resided at Ceylon about a fortnight,
I accompanied one of the governor's brothers upon
a shooting party. He was a strong, athletic man,
and being used to that climate (for he had resided
there some years), he bore the violent heat of the
sun much better than I could; in our excursion he
had made a considerable progress through a thick
wood when I was only at the entrance.
Near the banks of a large piece of water, which
had engaged my attention, I thought I heard a
rustling noise behind; on turning about, I was
almost petrified (as who would not?) at the sight
of a lion, which was evidently approaching with
the intention of satisfying his appetite with my
poor carcass, and that without asking my consent.
What was to be done in this horrible dilemma?
I had not even a moment for reflection; my piece
was only charged with swan-shot, and I had no
other about me; however, though I could have no
idea of killing such an animal with that weak kind
of ammunition, yet I had some hopes of frighten-
ing him by the report, and perhaps of wounding
him also. I immediately let fly, without waiting
till he was within reach; and the report did but
enrage him, for he now quickened his pace, and
seemed to approach me full speed: I attempted

Baron AlBuncbausen. 27

to escape, but that only added (if an addition could
be made) to my distress; for the moment I turned
about, I found a large crocodile, with his mouth
extended almost ready to receive me : on my right
hand was the piece of water before mentioned,
and on my left a deep precipice, said to have, as
I have since learned, a receptacle at the bottom
for venomous creatures; in short, I gave myself
up as lost, for the lion was now upon his hind-legs,
just in the act of seizing me; I fell involuntarily to
the ground with fear, and as it afterwards appeared,
he sprang over me. I lay some time in a situation
which no language can describe, expecting to feel
his teeth or talons in some part of me every
moment: after waiting in this prostrate situation
a few seconds, I heard a violent but unusual noise,
different from any sound that had ever before
assailed my ears ; nor is it at all to be wondered
at, when I inform you from whence it proceeded:
after listening for some time, I ventured to raise
my head and look round, when, to my unspeakable
joy, I perceived the lion had, by the eagerness
with which he sprung at me, jumped forward as
I fell, into the crocodile's mouth which, as before
observed, was wide open; the head of the one
stuck in the throat of the other! and they were
struggling to extricate themselves I fortunately
recollected my couteau de ckasse which was by my

28 originall travels of

side; with this instrument I severed the lion's
head at one blow, and the body fell at my feet !
I then with the butt-end of my fowling-piece
rammed the head farther into the throat of the
crocodile, and destroyed him by suffocation, for
he could neither gorge nor eject it.
Soon after I had thus gained a complete victory
over my two powerful adversaries, my companion
arrived in search of me; for finding I did not
follow him into the wood, he returned, apprehend-
ing I had lost my way, or met with some accident.
After mutual congratulations, we measured the
crocodile, which was just forty feet in length.
As soon as we had related this extraordinary
adventure to the governor, he sent a waggon and
servants, who brought home the two carcasses.
The lion's skin was properly preserved with its hair
on ; after which it was made into tobacco-pouches,
and presented by me upon our return to Holland
to the burgomasters, who, in return, requested my
acceptance of a thousand ducats.
The skin of the crocodile was stuffed in the usual
manner, and makes a capital article in their public
museum at Amsterdam, where the exhibitor relates
the whole story to each spectator, with such addi-
tions as he thinks proper; some of his variations
are rather extravagant; one of them is, that the
lion jumped quite through the crocodile, and was

Baron illuncbausen. 29

making his escape at the back-door, when, as soon
as his head appeared, Monsieur the Great Baron
(as he is pleased to call me) cut it off, and three
feet of the crocodile's tail along with it; nay, so
little attention has this fellow to the truth, that he
sometimes adds, as soon as the crocodile missed
his tail, he turned about, snatched the couteau de
chasse out of Monsieur's hand, and swallowed it
with such eagerness that it pierced his heart and
killed him immediately !
The little regard which this impudent knave has
to veracity, makes me sometimes apprehensive
that my real facts may fall under suspicion, by
being found in company with his confounded

30 Original Travels of


In which the Baron proves himself a good shot-He loses his
horse, and finds a wolf-Makes him draw his sledge-
Promises to entertain his company with a relation or
such facts as are well deserving their notice.

I SET off from Rome on a journey to Russia, in
the midst of winter, from a just notion that
frost and snow must of course mend the roads,
which every traveller had described as uncommonly
bad through the northern parts of Germany, Poland,
Courland, and Livonia. I went on horseback, as
the most convenient manner of travelling; I was
but lightly clothed, and of this I felt the incon-
venience the more I advanced north-east.-What
must not a poor old man have suffered in that
severe weather and climate, whom I saw on a bleak
common in Poland, lying on the road, helpless,
shivering, and hardly having wherewithal to cover
his nakedness I pitied the poor soul!-Though
I felt the severity of the air myself, I threw my
mantle over him, and immediately I heard a voice

aron MlIuncbausen. 31

from the heavens, blessing me for that piece of
charity, saying-
You will be rewarded, my son, for this in time."
I went on: night and darkness overtook me.
No village was to be seen. The country was
covered with snow, and I was unacquainted with
the road.
Tired, I alighted, and fastened my horse to
something, like a pointed stump of a tree, which
appeared above the snow; for the sake of safety,
I placed my pistols under my arm, and laid down
on the snow, where I slept so soundly that I did
not open my eyes till full daylight. It is not easy
to conceive my astonishment, to find myself in the
midst of a village, lying in a churchyard; nor was
my horse to be seen, but I heard him soon after
neigh somewhere above me. On looking upwards,
I beheld him hanging by his bridle to the weather-
cock of the steeple. Matters were now very plain
to me; the village had been covered with snow
overnight; a sudden change of weather had taken
place; I had sunk down to the churchyard whilst
asleep, gently, and in the same proportion as the
snow had melted away; and what in the dark I
had taken to be a stump of a little tree appear-
ing above the snow, to which I had tied my horse,
proved to have been the cross or weather-cock of
the steeple 1

32 Original Zravels of

Without long consideration, I took one of my
pistols, shot the bridle in two, brought down the
horse, and proceeded on my journey. [Here the
Baron seems to have forgot his feelings; he should
certainly have ordered his horse a feed of corn
after fasting so long.]
He carried me well-advancing into the interior
parts of Russia, I found travelling on horseback
rather unfashionable in winter; therefore I sub-
mitted, as I always do, to the custom of the
country, took a single horse sledge, and drove
briskly towards St. Petersburgh. I do not exactly
recollect whether it was in Eastland or Jugeman-
land, but I remember that in the midst of a dreary
forest, I spied a terrible wolf making after me,
with all the speed of ravenous winter hunger. He
soon overtook me. There was no possibility of
escape. Mechanically I laid myself down flat in
the sledge, and let my horse run for our safety.
What I wished, but hardly hoped or expected,
happened immediately after. The wolf did not
mind me in the least, but took a leap over me,
and falling furiously on the horse, began instantly
to tear and devour the hindpart of the poor animal,
which ran the faster for his pain and terror. Thus
unnoticed and safe myself, I lifted my head slyly
up, and with horror I beheld that the wolf had
ate his way into the horse's body ; it was not long

JBaron ilbuncbausen. 33

before he had fairly forced himself into it, when
I took my advantage, and fell upon him with the
butt-end of my whip. This unexpected attack in
his rear frightened him so much, that he leaped
forward with all his might; the horse's carcass
dropped on the ground; but in his place the wolf
was in the harness, and I on my part whipping
him continually, we both arrived in full career safe
to St. Petersburgh, contrary to our respective expec-
tations, and very much to the astonishment of the
I shall not tire you, gentlemen, with the politics,
arts, sciences, and history of this magnificent metro-
polis of Russia; nor trouble you with the various
intrigues and pleasant adventures I had in the
politer circles of that country, where the lady of
,the house always receives the visitor with a dram
and a salute. I shall confine myself rather to the
greater and nobler objects of your attention, horses
and dogs, my favourites in the brute creation; also
to foxes, wolves, and bears, with which, and game
in general, Russia abounds more than any other
part of the world; and to such sports, manly
exercises, and feats of gallantry and activity, as
show the gentleman better than musty Greek or
Latin, or all the perfume, finery, and capers of
French wits, or petit-maltres.


34 original Travels of


An encounter between the Baron's nose and a door-post, with
its wonderful efects-Fifty brace of ducks and other
fowl destroyed by one shot-Flogs a fox out of his skin-
Leads an old sow home in a new way, and vanquishes a
wild boar.

IT was some time before I could obtain a com-
mission in the army, and for several months
I was perfectly at liberty to sport away my time
and money in the most gentlemanlike manner.
You may easily imagine that I spent much of both
out of town, with such gallant fellows as knew how
to make the most of an open forest country. The
very recollection of those amusements gives me
fresh spirits, and creates a warm wish for a repe-
tition of them. One morning I saw through the
windows of my bed-room, that a large pond, not
far off, was covered with wild ducks. In an instant
I took my gun from the corner, ran down-stairs and
out of the house in such a hurry, that I imprudently
struck my face against the door-post. Fire flew

JSaron Muillbausen. 35

out of my eyes, but it did not prevent my inten-
tion; I soon came within shot, when, levelling my
piece, I observed, to my sorrow, that even the flint

.-'- '- .a

'" .-

had sprung from the cock, by the violence of the
shock I had just received. There was no time to
be lost. I presently remembered the effect it had
on my eyes, therefore opened the pan, levelled my

36 Original travels of

piece against the wild fowls, and my fist against
one of my eyes. [The Baron's eyes have retained
fire ever since, and appear particularly illuminated
when he relates this anecdote.] A hearty blow
drew sparks again; the shot went off, and I
killed fifty brace of ducks, twenty widgeons, and
three couple of teals. Presence of mind is the soul
of manly exercises. If soldiers and sailors owe
to it many of their lucky escapes, hunters and
sportsmen are not less beholden to it for many of
their successes. In a noble forest in Russia, I met
a fine black fox, whose valuable skin it would have
been a pity to tear by ball or shot. Reynard stood
close to a tree. In a twinkling I took out my ball,
and placed a good spike-nail in its room, fired, and
hit him so cleverly that I nailed his brush fast to
the tree. I now went up to him, took out my
hanger, gave him a cross cut over the face, laid
hold of my whip, and fairly flogged him out of his
fine skin.
Chance and good luck often correct our mis-
takes ; of this I had a singular instance soon after,
when, in the depth of a forest, I saw a wild pig
and sow running close behind each other. My
ball had missed them, yet the foremost pig only
ran away, and the sow stood motionless, as fixed
to the ground. On examining into the matter, I
found the latter one to be an old sow, blind with

TSaron Aliuncbausen. 37

age, which had taken hold of her pig's tail, in
order to be led along by filial duty. My ball
having passed between the two, had cut his lead-
ing string, which the old sow continued to hold
in her mouth; and as her former guide did not
draw her on any longer, she had stopped of
course; I therefore laid hold of the remaining.
end of the pig's tail, and led the old beast home
without any farther trouble on my part, and with-
out any reluctance or apprehension on the part of
the helpless old animal.
Terrible as these wild sows are, yet more fierce
and dangerous are the boars, one of which I had
once the misfortune to meet in a forest, unprepared
for attack or defence. I retired behind an oak-tree,
just when the furious animal levelled a side-blow
at me, with such force that his tusks pierced
through the tree, by which means he could neither
repeat the blow nor retire.-Ho, ho thought I,
I shall soon have you now-and immediately I
laid hold of a stone, wherewith I hammered and
bent his tusks in such a manner, that he could
not retreat by any means, and must wait my
return from the next village, whither I went for
ropes and a cart, to secure him properly, and to
carry him off safe and alive, in which I perfectly

38 original travels of


Reflections on Saint Hubert's stag-Shoots a stag with
cherry-stones ; the wonderful effects of it-Kills a bear
by extraordinary dexterity; his danger pathetically de-
scribed-Attacked by a wolf, which he turns inside
out-Is assailed by a mad dog, from which he escapes-
The Baron's cloak seized with madness, by which his
whole wardrobe is thrown into confusion.

YOU have heard, I dare say, of the hunter's and
sportsman's saint and protector St. Hubert;
and of the noble stag, which appeared to him in
the forest, with the holy cross between his antlers.
I have paid my homage to that saint every year
in good fellowship, and seen this stag a thousand
times, either painted in churches, or embroidered in
the stars of his knights ; so that, upon the honour
and conscience of a good sportsman, I hardly know
whether there may not have been formerly, or
whether there are not such crossed stags even at
this present day. But let me rather tell what I
have seen myself. Having one day spent all my

MSaron IlIuncbausen. 39

shot, I found myself unexpectedly in presence of a

_ .

stately stag, looking at me as unconcernedly as if
he had known of my empty pouches. I charged

40 OriginaI travels of

immediately with powder, and upon it a good
handful of cherry-stones, for I had sucked the
fruit as far as the hurry would permit. Thus I let
fly at him, and hit him just on the middle of the
forehead, between his antlers; it stunned him-he
staggered-yet he made off. A year or two after,
being with a party in the same forest, I beheld a
noble stag with a fine full-grown cherry-tree above
ten feet high between his antlers. I immediately
recollected my former adventure, looked upon him
as my property, and brought him to the ground
by one shot, which at once gave me the haunch
and cherry-sauce; for the tree was covered with
the richest fruit, the like I had never tasted before.
Who knows but some passionate holy sportsman,
or sporting abbot, or bishop, may have shot, planted,
and fixed the cross between the antlers of St.
Hubert's stag, in a manner similar to this ? They
always have been, and still are, famous for plan-
tations of crosses and antlers; and in a case of
distress or dilemma, which too often happens to
keen sportsmen, one is apt to grasp at anything
for safety, and to try any expedient, rather than
miss the favourable opportunity. I have many
times found myself in that trying situation.
What do you say of this, for example ? Dayligh
and powder were spent one day in a Polish forest.
When I was going home, a terrible bear made

D3aron fliunchausen. 41

up to me in great speed, with open mouth ready
to fall upon me; all my pockets were searched in
an instant for powder and ball, but in vain-I found
nothing but two spare flints; one I flung with all
my might into the monster's open jaws, down his
throat. It gave him pain and made him turn about,
so that I could level the second at his back-door,
which, indeed, I did with wonderful success; for
it flew in, met the first flint in the stomach, struck
fire, and blew up the bear with a terrible explosion.
Though I came safe off that time, yet I should
not wish to try it again, or venture against bears
with no other ammunition.
There is a kind of fatality in it. The fiercest
and most dangerous animals generally came upon
me when defenceless, as if they had a notion or
an instinctive intimation of it. Thus a frightful
wolf rushed upon me so suddenly, and so close,
that I could do nothing but follow mechanical
instinct, and thrust my fist into his open mouth.
For safety's sake I pushed on and on, till my arm
was fairly in up to the shoulder. How should I
disengage myself? I was not much pleased with
my awkward situation-with a wolf face to face-
our ogling was not of the most pleasant kind.
If I withdrew my arm, then the animal would fly
the more furiously upon me; that I saw in his
flaming eyes. In short, I laid hold of his tail,

42 Original Uravels of

turned him inside out like a glove, and flung him
to the ground, where I left him.
The same expedient would not have answered
against a mad dog, which soon after came running

against me in a narrow street at St. Petersburgh.
Run who can, I thought; and to do this the better,
I threw off my fur cloak, and was safe within doors
in an instant. I sent my servant for the cloak, and
he put it in the wardrobe with my other clothes.

f3aron /llbuncbausen. 43

The day after I was amazed and frightened by
Jack's bawling, "For God's sake, sir, your fur
cloak is mad!" I hastened up to him, and found
almost all my clothes tossed about and torn to
pieces. The fellow was perfectly right in his
apprehensions about the fur cloak's madness. I
saw him myself just then falling upon a fine full-
dress suit, which he shook and tossed in an
unmerciful manner.

44 Original Uravels of


The effects of great activity and presence of mind-A
favourite hound described, which pups while pursuing
a hare; the hare also litters while pursued by the hound
-Presented with a famous horse by Count Przobossky,
with which he performs many extraordinary feats.

ALL these narrow and lucky escapes, gentle-
men, were chances turned to advantage, by
presence of mind and vigorous exertions; which
taken together, as everybody knows, make the
fortunate sportsman, sailor, and soldier; but he
would be a very blameable and imprudent sports-
man, admiral, or general, who would always depend
upon chance and his stars, without troubling him-
self about those arts which are their particular
pursuits, and without providing the very best
implements, which insure success. I was not
blameable either way ; for I have always been as
remarkable for the excellency of my horses, dogs,
guns, and swords, as for the proper manner of
using and managing them, so that upon the whole

MSaron /fluncbausen. 45

I may hope to be remembered in the forest, upon
the turf, and in the field. I shall not enter here
into any detail of my stables, kennel, or armoury ;
but a favourite bitch of mine I cannot help men-
tioning to you-she was a greyhound, and I never
had or saw a better. She grew old in my service,
and was not remarkable for her size, but rather for
her uncommon swiftness. I always coursed with
her. Had you seen her, you must have admired
her, and would not have wondered at my predilec-
tion, and at my coursing her so much. She ran so
fast, so much, and so long in my service, that she
actually ran off her legs ; so that, in the latter part
of her life I was under the necessity of working
and using her only as a terrier, in which quality
she still served me many years.
Coursing one day a hare, which appeared to me
uncommonly big, I pitied my poor bitch, being big
with pups, yet she would course as fast as ever.
I could follow her on horseback only at a great
distance. At once I heard a cry as it were of a
pack of hounds-but so weak and faint that I
hardly knew what to make of it. Coming up to
them, I was greatly surprised. The hare had
littered in running; the same had happened to
my bitch in coursing-and there were just as many
leverets as pups. By instinct the former ran, the
latter coursed : and thus I found myself in posses-

46 Original ravelss ot

sion at once of six hares, and as many dogs, at the
end of a course which had only began with one.
I remember this, my wonderful bitch, with the
same pleasure and tenderness as a superb Lithua-
nian horse, which no money could have bought.
He became mine by an accident, which gave me
an opportunity of showing my horsemanship to a
great advantage. I was at Count Przobossky's
noble country-seat in Lithuania, and remained
with the ladies at tea in the drawing-room, while
the gentlemen were down in the yard, to see a
young horse of blood, which had just arrived from
the stud. We suddenly heard a noise of distress
-I hastened down-stairs, and found the horse so
unruly, that nobody durst approach or mount him.
The most resolute horseman stood dismayed and
aghast; despondency was expressed in every coun-
tenance, when, in one leap, I was on his back,
took him by surprise, and worked him quite into
gentleness and obedience, with the best display of
horsemanship I was master of. Fully to show this
to the ladies, and save them unnecessary trouble,
I forced him to leap in at one of the open windows
of the tea-room, walked round several times, pace,
trot, and gallop; and at last made him mount the
tea-table, there to repeat his lessons, in a pretty
style of miniature, which was exceedingly pleasing
to the ladies, for he performed them amazingly

JSaron lMiuncbausen. 47

well, and did not break either cup or saucer. It
placed me so high in their opinion, and so well in
that of the noble lord, that with his usual polite-
ness, he begged I would accept of this young horse,
and ride him full career to conquest and honour,
in the campaign against the Turks, which was
soon to be opened, under the command of Count
I could not indeed have received a more agree-
able present, nor a more ominous one at the
opening of that campaign, in which I made my
apprenticeship as a soldier. A horse so gentle,
so spirited, and so fierce-at once a lamb and a
Bucephalus, put me always in mind of the soldier's
and the gentleman's duty! of young Alexander,
and of the astonishing things he performed in the
We took the field, among several other reasons,
it seems, with an intention to retrieve the character
of the Russian arms, which had been blemished
a little by Czar Peter's last campaign on the Pruth ;
and this we fully accomplished by several very
fatiguing and glorious campaigns under the com-
mand of that great general I mentioned before.
Modesty forbids individuals to arrogate to them-
selves great successes or victories, the glory of which
is generally engrossed by the commander, nay,
which is rather awkward, by kings and queens,

48 Original Travels of

who never smelt gunpowder but at the field-days
and reviews of their troops ; never saw a field of
battle, or an enemy in battle array.
Nor do I claim any particular share of glory in
the great engagements with the enemy. We all
did our duty, which, in the patriot's, soldier's, and
gentleman's language, is a very comprehensive
word, of great honour, meaning, and import, and
of which the generality of idle quidnuncs and
coffee-house politicians can hardly form any but
a very mean and contemptible idea. However,
having had the command of a body of hussars,
I went upon several expeditions, with discretionary
powers; and the success I then met with is, I
think, fairly, and only to be placed to my account,
and to that of the brave fellows whom I led on to
conquest and to victory. We had very hot work
once in the van of the army, when we drove the
Turks into Oczakow. My spirited Lithuanian had
almost brought me into a scrape: I had an ad-
vanced fore-post, and saw the enemy coming
against me in a cloud of dust, which left me rather
uncertain about their actual numbers and real
intentions: to wrap myself up in a similar cloud
was common prudence, but would not have much
advanced my knowledge, or answered the end for
which I had been sent out; therefore I let my
flankers on both wings spread to the right and left,

Jargon ibunccbausen. 49

and make what dust they could, and I myself led
on straight upon the enemy, to have a nearer sight
of them: in this I was gratified, for they stood
and fought, till, for fear of my flankers, they
began to move off rather disorderly. This was the
moment to fall upon them with spirit;-we broke
them entirely-made a terrible havoc amongst
them, and drove them not only back to a walled
town in their rear, but even through it, contrary to
our most sanguine expectation.
The swiftness of my Lithuanian enabled me to
be foremost in the pursuit; and seeing the enemy
fairly flying through the opposite gate, I thought
it would be prudent to stop in the market-place,
to order the men to rendezvous. I stopped, gentle-
men; but judge of my astonishment, when in this
market-place I saw not one-of my hussars about
me Are they scouring the other streets? or
what has become of them? They could not be
far off, and must, at all events, soon join me. In
that expectation I walked my panting Lithuanian
to a spring in this market-place, and let him drink.
He drank uncommonly--with an eagerness not to
be satisfied, but natural enough, for when I looked
round for my men, what should I see, gentlemen,
the hind part of the poor creature-croup and legs
were missing, as if he had been cut in two, and
the water ran out as it came in, without refreshing

50 Original Uravels of

or doing him any good! How it could have
happened, was quite a mystery to me, till I re-
turned with him to the town-gate. There I saw,
that when I rushed in pell-mell with the flying
enemy, they had dropped the portcullis (a heavy
falling door, with sharp spikes at the bottom, let
down suddenly, to prevent the entrance of an
enemy into a fortified town), unperceived by me,
which had totally cut off his hind part, that still
lay quivering on the outside of the gate. It would
have been an irreparable loss, had not our farrier
contrived to bring both parts together while hot.
He sewed them up with sprigs and young shoots
of laurels that were at hand-the wound healed;
and what could not have happened but to so
glorious a horse, the sprigs took root in his body,
grew up, and formed a bower over me; so that
afterwards I could go upon many other expeditions
in the shade of my own and my horse's laurels.

JSaron Miluncbausen. 51


The Baron is made a prisoner of war, and sold for a slave
-Keeps the Sultan's bees, which are attacked by two
bears-Loses one of his bees; a silver hatchet, which he
throws at the bears, rebounds and flies up to the moon;
brings it back by an ingenious invention ; falls to the
earth on his return, and helps himself out of a pit-
Extricates himself from a carriage which meets his in
a narrow road, in a manner never before attempted nor
practised since-The wonderful effects of the frost upon
his servant's French horn.

J WAS not always successful. I had the mis-
fortune to be overpowered by numbers, to be
made prisoner of war; and, what is worse, but
always usual among the Turks, to be sold for a
slave. [The Baron was afterwards in great favour
with the Grand Seignior, as will appear hereafter.]
In that state of humiliation, my daily task was not
very hard and laborious, but rather singular and
irksome. It was to drive the Sultan's bees every
morning to their pasture-grounds, to attend them
all the day long, and against night to drive them

52 original Cravel of

back to their hives. One evening I missed a bee,
and soon observed that two bears had fallen upon
her to tear her to pieces for the honey she carried.

I had nothing like an offensive weapon in my
hands but the silver hatchet, which is the badge
of the Sultan's gardeners and farmers. I threw it

JSaron lllMuncbausen. 53

at the robbers, with an intention to frighten them
away, and set the poor bee at liberty; but, by an
unlucky turn of my arm, it flew upwards, and
continued rising till it reached the moon. How
should I recover it? how fetch it down again?
I recollected that Turkey-beans grow very quick,
and run up to an astonishing height. I planted
one immediately; it grew, and actually fastened
itself to one of the moon's horns. I had no more
to do now but to climb up by it into the moon,
where I safely arrived, and had a troublesome
piece of business before I could find my silver
hatchet, in a place where everything has the
brightness of silver; at last, however, I found it
in a heap of chaff and chopped straw. I was now
for returning : but, alas the heat of the sun had
dried up my bean; it was totally useless for my
descent : so I fell to work, and twisted me a rope
of that chopped- straw, as long and as well as I
could make it. This I fastened to one of the
moon's horns, and slid down to the end of it.
Here I held myself fast with the left hand : and,
with the hatchet in my right, I cut the long, now
useless end of the upper part, which, when tied
to the lower end, brought me a good deal lower:
this repeated splicing and tying of the rope did
not improve its quality, or bring me down to the
Sultan's farms. I was four or five miles from the

54 Original travels of

earth at least, when it broke; I fell to the ground
with such amazing violence, that I found myself
stunned, and in a hole nine fathoms deep at least,
made by the weight of my body falling from so
great a height: I recovered, but knew not how to
get out again; however, I dug slopes or steps
with my finger nails (the Baron's nails were
then of forty years' growth), and easily accom-
plished it.
Peace was soon after concluded with the Turks;
and gaining my liberty, I left St. Petersburgh at
the time of that singular revolution, when the
emperor in his cradle, his mother, the Duke of
Brunswick, her father, Field-Marshal Munich, and
many others were sent to Siberia. The winter was
then so uncommonly severe all over Europe, that
ever since the sun seems to be frost-bitten: At
my return to this place, I felt on the road greater
inconveniences than those I had experienced on
my setting out.
I travelled post, and finding myself in a narrow
lane, bid the postillion give a signal with his horn,
that other travellers might not meet us in the
narrow passage. He blew with all his might; but
his endeavours were in vain, he could not make
the horn sound; which was unaccountable, and
rather unfortunate, for soon after we found our-
selves in the presence of another coach coming

JSaron 1uiuncbausen. 55

the other way : there was no proceeding ; however,
I got out of my carriage, and being pretty strong,
placed it, wheels and all, upon my head: I then
jumped over a hedge about nine feet high (which,
considering the weight of the coach, was rather
difficult) into a field, and came out again by another
jump into the road beyond the other carriage: I
then went back for the horses, and placing one
upon my head, and the other under my left arm,
by the same means brought them to my coach,
put to, and proceeded to an inn at the end of
our stage. I should have told you, that the horse
under my arm was very spirited, and not above
four years old; in making my second spring over
the hedge, he expressed great dislike to that violent
kind of motion, by kicking and snorting; however,
I confined his hind-legs, by putting them into my
coat pocket. After we arrived at the inn, my
postillion and I refreshed ourselves: he hung his
horn on a peg near the kitchen fire; I sat on the
other side.
Suddenly we heard a cry of Tereng! tereng!
teng teng! We looked round, and now found the
reason why the postillion had not been able to
sound his horn; his tunes were frozen up in the
horn, and came out now by thawing, plain enough,
and much to the credit of the driver; so that the
honest fellow entertained us for some time with a

56 Original travels of

variety of tunes, without putting his mouth to the
horn-The King of Prussia's march-Over the Hill
and over the Dale-with many other favourite
tunes; at length the thawing entertainment con-
cluded, as I shall this short account of my Russian

Some travellers are aft to advance more than is
perhaps strictly true, if any of the company enter-
tain a doubt of my veracity, Ishall only say to such,
I Pity their want of faith, and must request they
will take leave before I begin the second fart of my
adventures, which are as strictly founded in fact as
those I have already related.

Baron Ifuncbausen. 57



The Baron relates his adventures on a voyage to North
America, which are well worth the reader's attention-
Pranks of a whale-A sea-gull saves a sailor's life- The
Baron's head forced into his stomach-A dangerous leak
stopped d posteriori.

I EMBARKED at Portsmouth in a first-rate
English man-of-war, of one hundred guns, and
fourteen hundred men, for North America. Nothing
worth relating happened till we arrived within
three hundred leagues of the river St. Lawrence,
when the ship struck with amazing force against
(as we supposed) a rock; however, upon heaving
the lead, we could find no bottom, even with
three hundred fathom. What made this circum-
stance the more valuable, and indeed beyond all
comprehension, was, that the violence of the shock

58 original Cravels of

was such that we lost our rudder, broke our
bowsprit in the middle, and split all our masts from
top to bottom, two of which went by the board ; a
poor fellow, who was aloft, furling the main-sheet,
was flung at least three leagues from the ship; but
he fortunately saved his life, by laying hold of the
tail of a large sea-gull, who brought him back, and
lodged him on the very spot from whence he was
thrown. Another proof of the violence of the shock
was the force with which the people between decks
were driven against the floors above them; my
head particularly was pressed into my stomach,
where it continued some months before it recovered
its natural situation. Whilst we were all in a state
of astonishment at the general and unaccountable
confusion in which we were involved, the whole
was suddenly explained, by the appearance of a
large whale, who had been basking asleep within
sixteen feet of the surface of the water. This
animal was so much displeased with the disturb-
ance which our ship had given him, for in our
passage we had with our rudder scratched his nose,
that he beat in all the gallery and part of the
quarter-deck with his tail, and almost at the same
instant took the main-sheet anchor, which was
suspended, as it usually is, from the head, between
his teeth, and ran away with the ship, at least sixty
leagues, at the rate of twelve leagues an hour, when

Jaron .tlluncbausen. 59

fortunately the cable broke, and we lost both the
whale and the anchor. However, upon our return
to Europe some months after, we found the same
whale within a few leagues of the same spot, float-
ing dead upon the water; it measured above half
a mile in length. As we could take but a small
quantity of such a monstrous animal on board, we
got our boats out, and with much difficulty cut off his
head, where, to our great joy, we found the anchor
and above forty fathom of the cable concealed on
the left side of his mouth, just under his tongue.
[Perhaps this was the cause of his death, as that
side of his tongue was much swelled, with a great
degree of inflammation.] This was the only ex-
traordinary circumstance that happened on this
voyage. One part of our distress, however, I had
like to have forgot: while the whale was running
away with the ship, she sprung a leak, and the
water poured in so fast, that all our pumps could
not keep us from sinking ; it was, however, my good
fortune to discover it first. I found it a large hole
about a foot diameter; you will naturally suppose
this circumstance gives me infinite pleasure, when
I inform you, that this noble vessel was preserved,
with all its crew, by a most fortunate thought in
short, I sate down over it, and could have dis-
pensed with it had it been larger; nor will you be
surprised when I inform you I am descended from

60 Original Uravels of

Dutch parents. [The Baron's ancestors have but
lately settled there; in another part of his adven-
tures he boasts of royal blood.]
My situation, while I sat there, was rather cool,
but the carpenter's art soon relieved me.

JSaron flluncbausen. 61


Bathes in the. Mediterranean-Meets an unexpected com-
panion-Arrives unintentionally in the regions of heat
and darkness, from which he is extricated by dancing
a hornfipe-Frightens his deliveerers, and returns on

I WAS once in great danger of being lost in
a most singular manner in the Mediterranean ;
I was bathing in that pleasant sea near Marseilles,
one summer's afternoon, when I discovered a very
large fish, with his jaws quite extended, approach-
ing me with the greatest velocity; there was no
time to be lost, nor could I possibly avoid him.
I immediately reduced myself to as small a size as
possible, by closing my feet and placing my hands
also near my sides, in which position I passed
directly between his jaws, and into his stomach,
where I remained some time in total darkness,
and comfortably warm, as you may imagine; at
last it occurred to me, that by giving him pain
he would be glad to get rid of me : as I had plenty


62 Otiginal Cravels of

of room, I played my pranks, such as tumbling,
hop, step, and jump, &c., but nothing seemed to
disturb him so much as the quick motion of my
feet in attempting to dance a hornpipe; soon after
I began, he put me out, by sudden fits and starts :
I persevered; at last he roared horridly, and stood
up almost perpendicular in the water, with his
head and shoulders exposed, by which he was dis-

covered by the people on board an Italian trader,
then sailing by, who harpooned him in a few
minutes. As soon as he.was brought on board,
I heard the crew consulting how they should cut
him up, so as to preserve the greatest quantity of
oil. As I understood Italian, I was in most dread-
ful apprehensions lest their weapons employed in
this business should destroy me also; therefore

Baron /luncbausen. 63

I stood as near the centre as possible, for there
was room enough for a dozen men in this creature's
stomach, and I naturally imagined they would
begin with the extremities: however, 'my fears
were soon dispersed, for they began by opening
the bottom of the belly. As soon as I perceived
a glimmering of light, I called out lustily to be
released from a situation in which I was now
almost suffocated. It is impossible for me to do
justice to the degree and kind of astonishment
which sat upon every countenance at hearing a
human voice issue from a fish, but more so at
seeing a naked man walk upright out of his body;
in short, gentlemen, I told them the whole story,
as I have done you, whilst amazement struck them
After taking some refreshment, and jumping into
the sea to cleanse myself, I swam to my clothes,
which lay where I had left them on the shore. As
near as I can calculate, I was near four hours and
a half confined in the stomach of this animal.

64 OriginaI travels of


Adventures in Turkey, and upon the river Nile-Sees a
balloon over Constantinople; shoots at; and brings it
down ;finds a French experimentalphilosopher suspended
from it-Goes on an embassy to Grand Cairo, and returns
upon the Nile, where he is thrown into an unexpected
situation, and detained six weeks.

W HEN I was in the service of the Turks, I fre-
quently amused myself in a pleasure-barge
on the Marmora, which commands a view of the
whole city of Constantinople, including the Grand
Seignior's seraglio. One morning, as I was ad-
miring the beauty and serenity of the sky, I ob-
served a globular substance in the air, which
appeared to be about the size of a twelve-inch
globe, with somewhat suspended from it. I im-
mediately took up my largest and longest barrel
fowling-piece, which I never travel or make even
an excursion without, if I can help it; I charged
with a ball, and fired at the globe; but to no pur-
pose, the object being at too great a distance. I then

1Saron nibuncbausen. 65

put in a double quantity of powder, and five or six
balls : this second attempt succeeded ; all the balls
took effect, and tore one side open, and brought it
down. Judge my surprise, when a most elegant

gilt car, with a man in it, and part of a sheep which
seemed to have been roasted, fell within two yards
of me; when my astonishment had in some degree
subsided, I ordered my people to row close to this
strange aerial traveller.

66 Original travels of

I took him on board my barge (he was a native
of France): he was much indisposed from his
sudden fall into the sea, and incapable of speak-
ing; after some time, however, he recovered, and
gave the following account of himself, viz. : About
seven or eight days since, I cannot tell which, for I
have lost my reckoning, having been most of the
time where the sun never sets, I ascended from the
Land's End in Cornwall, in the island of Great
Britain, in the car from which I have been just
taken, suspended from a very large balloon, and
took a sheep with me, to try atmospheric experi-
ments upon: unfortunately, the wind changed
within ten minutes after my ascent; and, instead
of driving towards Exeter, where I intended to
land, I was driven towards the sea, over which I
suppose I have continued ever since, but much too
high to make observations.
"The calls of hunger were so pressing, that the
intended experiments upon heat and respiration
gave way to them. I was obliged, on the third
day, to kill the sheep for food; and being at that
time infinitely above the moon, and for upwards
of sixteen hours after so very near the sun that
it scorched my eyebrows, I placed the carcass,
taking care to skin it first, in that part of the car
where the sun had sufficient power, or, in other
words, where the balloon did not shade it from the

jaron flIuncbausen. 67

sun, by which method it was well roasted in about
two hours. This has been my food ever since."
Here he paused, and seemed lost in viewing the
objects about him. When I told him the build-
ings before us were the Grand Seignior's seraglio
at Constantinople, he seemed exceedingly affected,
as he had supposed himself in a very different
situation. "The cause," added he, "of my long
flight, was owing to the failure of a string which
was fixed to a valve in the balloon, intended to
let out the inflammable air; and if it had not been
fired at, and rent in the manner before mentioned,
I might, like Mahomet, have been suspended be-
tween heaven and earth till doomsday."
The Grand Seignior, to whom I was introduced
by the Imperial, Russian, and French ambassadors,
employed me to negotiate a matter of great im-
portance at Grand Cairo, and which was of such
a nature that it must ever remain a secret.
I went there in great state by land; where,
having completed the business, I dismissed almost
all my attendants, and returned like a private
gentleman: the weather was delightful, and that
famous river the Nile was beautiful beyond all
description; in short, I was tempted to hire a
barge, to descend by water to Alexandria. On
the third day of my voyage the river began to
rise most amazingly (you have all heard, I pre-

68 Original Cravels of

sume, of the annual overflowing of the Nile), and
on the next day it spread the whole country for
many leagues on each side! On the fifth, at
sunrise, my barge became entangled with what I
at first took for shrubs ; but as the light became
stronger, I found myself surrounded by almonds,
which were perfectly ripe, and in the highest per-
fection. Upon plumbing with a line, my people
found we were at least sixty feet from the ground,
and unable to advance or retreat. At about eight
or nine o'clock, as near as I could judge by
the altitude of the sun, the wind rose suddenly,
and canted our barge on one side : here she
filled, and I saw no more of her for some time.
Fortunately we all saved ourselves (six men and
two boys) by clinging to the tree, the boughs of
which were equal to our weight, though not to
that of the barge : in this situation we continued
six weeks and three days, living upon the almonds ;
I need not inform you we had plenty of water. On
the forty-second day of our distress, the water fell
as rapidly as it had risen, and on the forty-sixth
we were able to venture down upon terra firma.
Our barge was the first pleasing object we saw,
about two hundred yards from the spot where she
sunk. After drying everything that was useful by
the heat of the sun, and loading ourselves with
necessaries from the stores on board, we set out

3Baron fltuncbausen. 69

to recover our lost ground; and found by the
nearest calculation, we had been carried over
garden-walls, and a variety of enclosures, above
one hundred and fifty miles. In four days, after
a very tiresome journey on foot, with thin shoes,
we reached the river, which was now confined to
its banks, related our adventures to a boy, who
kindly accommodated all our wants, and sent us
forward in a barge of his own. In six days more
we arrived at Alexandria, where we took shipping
for Constantinople. I was received kindly by the
Grand Seignior, and had the honour of seeing
the seraglio, to which his highness introduced me

70 Original Uravels of


Pays a visit during the siege of Gibraltar to his old friend
General Elliot-Sinks a Spanish man-of-war- Wakes
an old woman on the African coast-Destroys all the
enemy's cannon; frightens the Count d'A rtois, and sends
him to Paris-Saves the lives of two English spies with
the identical sling that killed Goliah; and raises the

D URING the late siege of Gibraltar, I went
with a provision-fleet under Lord Rodney's
command to see my old friend, General Elliot,
who has, by his distinguished defence of that place,
acquired laurels that can never fade. After the
usual joy which generally attends the meeting of
old friends had subsided, I went to examine the
state of the garrison, and view the operations of
the enemy, for which purpose the General accom-
panied me. I had brought a most excellent refract-
ing telescope with me from London, purchased of
Dollond, by the help of which I found the enemy
were going to discharge a thirty-six pounder at the

Saaron luncbausen. 71

spot where we stood. I told the General what
they were about; he looked through the glass also,
and found my conjectures right. I immediately, by
his permission, ordered a forty-eight pounder to
be brought from a neighboring battery, which I
placed with so much exactness (having long studied
the art of gunnery) that I was sure of my mark.
I continued watching the enemy till I saw the
match placed at the touch-hole of their piece; at
that very instant I gave the signal for our gun to
be fired also.
About midway between the two pieces of cannon,
the balls struck each other with amazing force,
and the effect was astonishing The enemy's ball
recoiled back with such violence as to kill the man
who had discharged it, by carrying his head fairly
off, with sixteen others, which it met with in its
progress to the Barbary coast; where its force,
after passing through three masts of vessels that
then lay in a line behind each other in the harbour,
was so much spent, that it only broke its way
through the roof of a poor labourer's hut, about
two hundred yards inland, and destroyed a few
teeth an old woman had left, who lay asleep upon
her back with her mouth open. The ball lodged
in her throat. Her husband soon after came home,
and endeavoured to extract it; but finding that
impracticable, by the assistance of a rammer he

72 Original travels of

forced it into her stomach. Our ball did excellent
service; for it not only repelled the other in the
manner just described, but, proceeding as I in-
tended it should, it dismounted the very piece of
cannon that had just been employed against us,
and forced it into the hold of the ship, where it
fell with so much force as to break its way through
the bottom. The ship immediately filled and sank,
with above a thousand Spanish sailors on board,
besides a considerable number of soldiers. This,
to be sure, was a most extraordinary exploit; I
will not, however, take the whole merit to myself;
my judgment was the principal engine, but chance
assisted me a little; for I afterwards found, that
the man who charged our forty-eight pounder put
in, by mistake, a double quantity of powder, else
we could never have succeeded so much beyond
all expectation, especially in repelling the enemy's
General Elliot would have given me a com-
mission for this singular piece of service; but I
declined everything, except his thanks, which I
received at a crowded table of officers at supper
on the evening of that very day.
As I am very partial to the English, who are
beyond all doubt a brave people, I determined not
to take myleave of the garrison till I had rendered
them another piece of service, and in about three

saron liuncbausen. 73

weeks an opportunity presented itself. I dressed
myself in the habit of a Pofish Priest, and at about
one o'clock in the morning stole out of the garrison,
passed the enemy's lines, and arrived in the middle
of their camp, where I entered the tent in which
the Prince d'Artois was, with the commander-in-
chief, and several other officers, in deep council,
concerting a plan to storm the garrison next
morning. My disguise was my protection; they
suffered me to continue there, hearing everything
that passed, till they went to their several beds.
When I found the whole camp, and even the sen-
tinels, were wrapped up in the arms of Morpheus,
I began my work, which was that of dismounting
all their cannon (above three hundred pieces), from
forty-eight to twenty-four pounders; and throwing
them three leagues into the sea. Having no assis-
tance, I found this the hardest task I ever under-
took, except swimming to the opposite shore with
the famous Turkish piece of ordnance, described
by Baron de Tott in his Memoirs, which I shall
hereafter mention. I then piled all the carriages
together in the centre of the camp, which, to pre-
vent the noise of the wheels being heard, I carried
in pairs under my arms; and a noble appearance
they made, as high at least as the rock of Gibraltar.
I then lighted a match, by striking a flint stone,
situated twenty feet from the ground (in an old

74 rifginal Uravels of

wall, built by the Moors, when they invaded Spain),
with the breech of an iron eight-and-forty pounder,
and so set fire to the whole pile. I forgot to inform
you, that I threw all their ammunition waggons
upon the top.
Before I applied the lighted match, I had laid
the combustibles at the bottom, so judiciously, that
the whole was in a blaze in a moment. To pre-
vent suspicion, I was one of the first to express
my surprise. The whole camp was, as you may
imagine, petrified with astonishment: the general
conclusion was, that their sentinels had been
bribed, and that seven or eight regiments of the
garrison had been employed in this horrid de-
struction of their artillery. Mr. Drinkwater, in his
account of this famous siege, mentions the enemy
sustaining a great loss by a fire which happened in
their camp, but never knew the cause; how should
he? as I never divulged it before (though I alone
saved Gibraltar by this night's business), not even
to General Elliot. The Count d'Artois and all his
attendants ran away in their fright, and never
stopped on the road till they reached Paris, which
they did in about a fortnight; this dreadful con-
flagration had such an effect upon them, that they
were incapable of taking the least refreshment for
three months after, but, chameleon-like, lived upon
the air.

Jiaron Imuncbausen. 75

If any gentleman will say he doubts the truth of
this story, I will fine him a gallon of brandy, and
make him drink it at one draught.

About two months after I had done the besieged
this service, one morning, as I sat at breakfast with
General Elliot, a shell (for I had not time to destroy
their mortars, as well as their cannon) entered the
apartment we were sitting in; it lodged upon our
table,-the General, as most men would do, quitted
the room directly ; but I took it up before it burst,
and carried it to the top of the rock; when, look-
ing over the enemy's camp, on an eminence near
the sea-coast, I observed a considerable number of
people, but could not, with my naked eye, discover
how they were employed. I had recourse again to
my telescope, when I found that two of our officers,
one a general, the other a colonel, with whom I had
spent the preceding evening, and who went out
into the enemy's- camp about midnight as spies,
were taken, and then were actually going to be
executed on a gibbet. I found the distance too
great to throw the shell with my hand; but most
fortunately recollecting that I had the very sling in
my pocket which assisted David in slaying Goliah,
I placed the shell in it, and immediately threw it in
the midst of them : it burst as it fell, and destroyed
all present, except the two culprits, who were saved

76 Original Zravels of

by being suspended so high, for they were just
turned off: however, one of the pieces of the shell
flew with such force against the foot of the gibbet,
that it immediately brought it down. Our two
friends no sooner felt terra firma, than they looked
about for the cause; and, finding their guards,
executioner and all, had taken it in their heads to
die first, they directly extricated each other from
their disgraceful cords: and then ran down to the
sea-shore, seized a Spanish boat with two men in
it, and made them row to one of our ships, which
they did with great safety; and in a few minutes
after, when I was relating to General Elliot how I
had acted, they both took us by the hand, and,
after mutual congratulations, we retired to spend
the day with festivity.

Baron Auncbausen. 77


An interesting account of the Baron's ancestors-A quarrel
relative to the spot where Noah built his ark-The
history of the sling, and its properties-A favourite poet
introduced upon no very reputable occasion Queen
Elizabeth's abstinence- The Baron's father crosses from
England to Holland upon a marine horse, which he sells
for seven hundred ducats.

YOU wish (I can see by your countenances) I
would inform you how I became possessed of
such a treasure as the sling just mentioned. (Here
facts must be held sacred.) Thus then it was: I
am a descendant of the wife of Uriah, whom we all
know David was intimate with; she had several
children by his majesty; they quarrelled once
upon a matter of the first consequence, viz., the
spot where Noah's ark was built, and where it
rested after the flood. A separation consequently
ensued. She had often heard him speak of this
sling, as his most valuable treasure : this she stole
the night they parted ; it was missed before she got

78 Original travels of

out of his dominions, and she was pursued by no
less than six of the king's body-guards : however,
by using it herself, she hit the first of them (for
one was more active in the pursuit than the rest)
where David did Goliah, and killed him on the spot.
His companions were so alarmed at his fall, that
they retired, and left Uriah's wife to pursue her
journey. She took with her, I should have in-
formed you before, her favourite son by this con-
nection, to whom she bequeathed the sling; and
thus it has, without interruption, descended from
father to son till it came into my possession. One
of its possessors, my great great great grandfather,
who lived about two hundred and fifty years ago,
was upon a visit to England, and became intimate
with a poet, who was a great deer-stealer; I think
his name was Shakespeare ; he frequently borrowed
this sling, and with it killed so much of Sir Thomas
Lucy's venison, that he narrowly escaped the fate
of my two friends at Gibraltar. Poor Shakespeare
was imprisoned, and my ancestor obtained his
freedom in a very singular manner. Queen Eliza-
beth was then on the throne, but grown so indolent,
that every trifling matter was become a trouble to
her; dressing, undressing, eating, drinking, and
some other offices, which shall be nameless, made
life a burden to her; all these things he enabled
her to do without, or by a deputy and what do you

Baron iMuRncbausen. 79

think was the only return she could prevail upon
him to accept for such eminent services ?-Setting
Shakespeare at liberty.-Such was his affection for
that famous writer, that he would have shortened
his own days to add to the number of his friend's.
I do not hear that any of the queen's subjects,
particularly the beef-eaters, as they are vulgarly
called to this day, however they might be struck
with the novelty at the time, much approved of
her living totally without food. She did not sur-
vive the practice herself above seven years and
a half.
My father, who was the immediate possessor of
this sling before me, told me the following anec-
dote :-
He was walking by the sea-shore at Harwich,
with this sling in his pocket; before his paces
had covered a mile, he was attacked by a fierce
animal, called a sea-horse, open-mouthed, who ran
at him with great fury ; he hesitated a moment,
then took out his sling, retreated back about a
hundred yards, stooped for a couple of pebbles,
of which there were plenty under his feet, and
slung them both so dexterously at the animal, that
each stone put out an eye, and lodged in the
cavities which their removal had occasioned. He
now got upon his back, and drove him into the
sea; for the moment he lost his sight, he lost

So original Cravels of

also his ferocity, and became as tame as possible :
the sling was placed as a bridle in his mouth;
he was guided with the greatest facility across the
ocean, and in less than three hours they both
arrived on the opposite shore, which is about
thirty leagues. The master of the Three Cups, at
Helvoetsluys, in Holland, purchased this marine
horse to make an exhibition of, for seven hun-
dred ducats, which was upwards of three hundred
pounds; and the next day my father paid his
passage back in the packet to Harwich.

t~ Myfather made several curious observations
in this passage which I will relate hereafter.

,Taron Muncbausen. 81


The frolic; its consequences- Windsor Castle-St. Paul's
-College of Physicians, Undertakers, Sextons, &c.,
almost ruined-Industry of the Apothecaries.


THIS famous sling makes the possessor equal
to any task he is desirous of performing.
I made a balloon of such extensive dimensions,
that an account of the silk it contained would
exceed all credibility; every mercer's shop and
weaver's stock in London, Westminster, and Spital-
fields, contributed to it: with this balloon and
my sling I played many tricks, such as taking one
house from its station, and placing another in its
stead, without disturbing the inhabitants, who were
generally asleep, or too much employed to observe
the peregrinations of their habitations. When
the sentinel at Windsor Castle heard St. Paul's
clock strike thirteen, it was through my dexterity;
I brought the buildings nearly together that night,

82 Original travels of

by placing the Castle in St. George's Fields, and
carried it back again before daylight, without wak-
ing any of the inhabitants; notwithstanding these
exploits, I should have kept my balloon and its
properties a secret, if Montgolfier had not made
the art of flying so public.
On the 3oth of September, when the College of
Physicians chose their annual officers, and dined
sumptuously together, I filled my balloon, brought
it over the dome of their building, clapped the
sling round the golden ball at the top, fastening
the other end of it to the balloon, and immediately
ascended with the whole college to an immense
height, where I kept them upwards of three months.
You will naturally inquire what they did for food
such a length of time ? To this I answer-Had
I kept them suspended twice the time, they would
have experienced no inconvenience on that account,
so amply, or rather extravagantly, had they spread
their table for that day's feasting.
Though this was meant as an innocent frolic,
it was productive of much mischief to several
respectable characters amongst the clergy, under-
takers, sextons, and gravediggers; they were, it
must be acknowledged, sufferers; for it is a well-
known fact, that during the three months the
college was suspended in the air, and therefore
incapable of attending their patients, no deaths

JSaron illiuncbausen. 83

happened, except a few who fell before the scythe
of Father Time, and some melancholy objects, who,
perhaps to avoid some trifling inconvenience here,
laid the hands of violence upon themselves, and
plunged into misery infinitely greater than that
which they hoped by such a rash step to avoid,
without a moment's consideration.
If the apothecaries had not been very active
during the above time, half the undertakers in all
probability would have been bankrupts.

8 4 Original travels of



The Baron sails with Captain Phipps, attacks two large
bears, and has a very narrow escape-Gains the con-
fidence of these animals, and then destroys thousands of
them; loads the ship with their hams and skins; makes
presents of the former, and obtains a general invitation
to all city feasts-A dispute between the Captain and
the Baron, in which, from motives of politeness, the
Captain is suffered to gain his point-The Baron de-
clines the honour of a throne, and an express into the

W E all remember Captain Phipps's (now Lord
Mulgrave) last voyage of discovery to the
north. I accompanied the Captain, not as an
officer, but a private friend. When we arrived in
a high northern latitude, I was viewing the objects
around me with the telescope which I introduced
to your notice in my Gibraltar adventures. I
thought I saw two large white bears in violent
action upon a body of ice considerably above the
masts, and about half a league distance. I imme-

JMaron Mliuncbausen. 85

diately took my carbine, slung it across my
shoulder, and ascended the ice. When I arrived
at the top, the unevenness of the surface made
my approach to those animals troublesome and
hazardous beyond expression : sometimes hideous
cavities opposed me, which I was obliged to spring
over; in other parts the surface was as smooth as
a mirror, and I was continually falling : as I ap-
proached near enough to reach them, I found they
were only at play. I immediately began to calculate
the value of their skins, for they were each as large
as a well-fed ox : unfortunately at the very instant I
was presenting my carbine, my right foot slipped,
I fell upon my back, and the violence of the blow
deprived me totally of my senses for nearly half an
hour; however, when I recovered, judge of my
surprise at finding one of those large animals I
have been just describing had turned me upon my
face, and was just laying hold of the waistband of
my breeches, which were then new and made of
leather: he was certainly going to carry me feet
foremost, God knows where, when I took this knife
(showing a large clasp knife) out of my side-pocket,
made a chop at one of his hind-feet, and cut off
three of his toes ; he immediately let me drop and
roared most horridly. I took up my carbine and
fired at him as he ran off; he fell directly. The
noise of the piece roused several thousands of these

86 originall Cravels of

white bears, who were asleep upon the ice within
half a mile of me; they came immediately to the
spot. There was no time to be lost. A most for-
tunate thought arrived in my pericranium just at
that instant. I took off the skin and head of the
dead bear in half the time that some people would
be in skinning a rabbit, and wrapped myself in it,
placing my own head directly under Bruin's; the
whole herd came round me immediately, and my
apprehensions threw me into a most piteous situa-
tion to be sure: however, my scheme turned out a
most admirable one for my own safety. They all
came smelling, and evidently took me for a brother
Bruin; I wanted nothing but bulk to make an
excellent counterfeit : however, I saw several cubs
amongst them not much larger than myself. After
they had all smelt me, and the body of their
deceased companion, whose skin was now become
my protector, we seemed very sociable, and I found
I could mimic all their actions tolerably well; but
at growling, roaring, and hugging, they were quite
my masters. I began now to think how I might
turn the general confidence which I had created
amongst these animals to my advantage.
I had heard an old army surgeon say, a wound
in the spine was instant death. I now determined
to try the experiment, and had again recourse to
my knife, with which I struck the largest in the

3saron IIIuncbausen. 87

back of the neck, near the shoulders, but under
great apprehensions, not doubting but the creature
would, if he survived the stab, tear me to pieces.
However, I was remarkably fortunate ; for he fell
dead at my feet without making the least noise. I
was now resolved to demolish them every one in
the same manner, which I accomplished without
the least difficulty; for although they saw their
companions fall, they had no suspicion of either
the cause or the effect. When they all lay dead
before me, I felt myself a second Samson, having
slain my thousands.
To make short of the story, I went back to the
ship, and borrowed three parts of the crew to assist
me in skinning them, and carrying the hams on
board, which we did in a few hours, and loaded
the ship with them. As to the other parts of the
animals, they were thrown into the sea, though I
doubt not but the whole would eat as well as the
legs, were they properly cured.
As soon as we returned, I sent some of the hams,
in the Captain's name, to the Lords of the Admiralty,
others to the Lords of the Treasury, some to the
Lord Mayor and Corporation of London, a few to
each of the trading companies, and the remainder
to my particular friends, from all of whom I
received warm thanks; but from the city I was
honoured with substantial notice, viz., an invitation

88 Original travels of

to dine at Guildhall annually on Lord Mayor's
The bear-skins I sent to the Empress of Russia
to clothe her Majesty and her court in the winter,
for which she wrote me a letter of thanks with her
own hand, and sent it by an ambassador extra-
ordinary, inviting me to share the honours of her
bed and crown; but as I never was ambitious of
royal dignity, I declined her Majesty's favour in the
politest terms. The same ambassador had orders
to wait and bring my answer to her Majesty fer-
sonally, upon which business he was absent about
three months : her Majesty's reply convinced me
of the strength of her affections, and the dignity
of her mind; her late indisposition was entirely
owing (as she, kind creature! was pleased to
express herself in a late conversation with the
Prince Dolgoroucki) to my cruelty. What the sex
see in me I cannot conceive, but the Empress is
not the only female sovereign who has offered me
her hand.
Some people have very illiberally reported, that
Captain Phipps did not proceed as far as he might
have done upon that expedition. Here it becomes
my duty to acquit him; our ship was in a very
proper trim, till I loaded it with such an iimense
quantity of bear-skins and hams, after which it
would have been madness to have attempted to

JSaron Ifluncbausen. 89

proceed further, as we were now scarcely able to
combat a brisk gale, much less those mountains of
ice which lay in the higher latitudes.
The Captain has since often expressed a dis-
satisfaction that he had no share in the honours of
that day, which he emphatically called the bear-
skin day. He has also been very desirous of
knowing by what art I destroyed so many thou-
sands, without fatigue or danger to myself: indeed,
he is so ambitious of dividing the glory with me,
that we have actually quarrelled about it, and we
are not now upon speaking terms. He boldly
asserts I had no merit in deceiving the bears,
because I was covered with one of their skins;
nay, he declares there is not, in his opinion, in
Europe, so complete a bear naturally as himself
among the human species.
He is now a noble peer, and I am too well
acquainted with good manners to dispute so deli-
cate a point with his lordship.

90 tritinal Cravel[ of


Our Baron excels Baron Tott beyond all comparison ; yet
fails in part of his attlenpt-Gets into disgrace with the
Grand Seignior, who orders his head to be cut of-
Escapes, and gets on board a vessel, in which he is
carried to Venice-Baron Tott's origin, with some
account of lhat great man's parents-Pope Ganganelli's
amor- His Holiness fond of shell-fsh.

B ARON DE TOTT, in his Memoirs, makes
as great a parade of a single act, as many
travellers whose whole lives have been spent in
seeing the different parts of the globe; for my
part, if I had been blown from Europe to Asia,
from the mouth of a cannon, I should have boasted
less of it afterwards than he has done of only firing
off a Turkish piece of ordnance. What he says
of this wonderful gun, as near as my memory will
serve me, is this :-" The Turks had placed below
the castle, and near the city, on the banks of
Simois, a celebrated river, an enormous piece of
ordnance cast in brass, which would carry a marble
ball of eleven hundred pounds weight. I was

Saron fluncbausen. 91

inclined," says Tott, "to fire it, but I was willing
first to judge of its effect; the crowd about me
trembled at this proposal, as they asserted it would
overthrow not only the castle, but the city also;
at length their fears in part subsided, and I was
permitted to discharge it. It required not less
than three hundred and thirty pounds weight of
powder; and the ball weighed, as before men-
tioned, eleven hundredweight. When the engineer
brought the priming, the crowds who were about
me retreated back as fast as they could ; nay, it was
with the utmost difficulty I persuaded the Pacha,
who came on purpose, there was no danger: even
the engineer, who was to discharge it by my direc-
tion, was considerably alarmed. I took my stand
on some stone-work behind the cannon, gave the
signal, and felt a shock like that of an earthquake !
At the distance of three hundred fathom, the ball
burst into three pieces ; the fragments crossed the
strait, rebounded on the opposite mountain, and
left the surface of the water all in a foam, through
the whole breadth of the channel."
This, gentlemen, is, as near as I can recollect,
Baron Tott's account of the largest cannon in the
known world. Now, when I was there not long
since, the anecdote of Tott's firing this tremendous
piece was mentioned as a proof of that gentleman's
extraordinary courage.

92 Origfnal Cravels of

I was determined not to be outdone by a
Frenchman; therefore took this very piece upon
my shoulder, and, after balancing it properly,
jumped into the sea with it, and swam to the
opposite shore, from whence I unfortunately
attempted to throw it back into its former place.
I say unfortunately, for it slipped a little in my
hand, just as I was going to discharge it, and in
consequence of that, it fell into the middle of the
channel, where. it now lies, without a prospect of
ever recovering it: and, notwithstanding the high
favour I was in with the Grand Seignior, as before
mentioned, this cruel Turk, as soon as he heard
of the loss of his famous piece of ordnance, issued
an order to cut off my'head. I was immediately
informed of it by one of the Sultanas, with whom I
was become a great favourite, and she secreted me
in her apartment while the officer charged with
my execution was, with his assistants, in search
of me.
That very night I made my escape on board a
vessel bound to Venice, which was then weighing
anchor to proceed on her voyage.
The last story, gentlemen, I am not fond of
mentioning, as I miscarried in the attempt, and
was very near losing my life into the bargain:
however, as it contains no impeachment of my
honour, I would not withhold it from you.

3Baron MiSuncbausen. 93

Now, gentlemen, you all know me, and can
have no doubt of my veracity. I will entertain you
with the origin of this same swaggering bouncing
His reputed father was a native of Berne, in
Switzerland; his profession was that of a surveyor
of the streets, lanes and alleys, vulgarly called a
scavenger. His mother was a native of the
mountains of Savoy, and had a most beautiful
large wen on her neck, common to both sexes in
that part of the world; she left her parents when
young, and sought her fortune in the same city
which gave his father birth : she maintained herself
while single by acts of kindness to our sex, for she
never was known to refuse them any favour they
asked, provided they did but pay her some com-
pliment beforehand. This lovely couple met by
accident in the street, in consequence of their being
both intoxicated; for, by reeling to one centre,
they threw each other down; this created mutual
abuse, in which they were complete adepts; they
were both carried to the watch-house, and after-
wards to the house of correction; they soon saw
the folly of quarrelling, made it up, became fond of
each other, and married; but madam returning to
her old tricks, his father, who had high notions of
honour, soon separated himself from her; she then
joined a family who strolled about with a puppet-

94 Original Traves of

show. In time she arrived at Rome, where she
kept an oyster-stand. You have all heard, no
doubt, of Pope Ganganelli, commonly called
Clement XIV.: he was remarkably fond of oysters.
One Good Friday, as he was passing through this
famous city in state, to assist at high mass at
St. Peter's Church, he saw this woman's oysters
(which were remarkably fine and fresh); he could
not proceed without tasting them ; there were about
five thousand people in his train ; he ordered them
all to stop, and sent word to the church he could
not attend mass till next day ; then alighting from
his horse (for the Pope always rides on horseback
upon these occasions) he went into her stall, and
ate every oyster she had there, and afterwards
retired into the cellar, where she had a few more.
This subterraneous apartment was her kitchen,
parlour, and bedchamber. He liked his situation
so much that he discharged all his attendants, and,
to make short of the story, his Holiness passed the
whole night there Before they parted, he gave
her absolution, not only for every sin she had, but
all she might hereafter commit.

Now, gentlemen, I have his mother's word for it
(and her honour cannot be doubted), that Baron
Tott is the fruit of that amour. When Tott was
born, his mother ajplied to his Holiness, as the

3Baron lliuncbausen. 95

father of her child,; ke itmmZediately placed him
under frofer people; and as he grew zup, gave
him a gentleman's education, had him taught the
use of arms, procured him promotion in France,
and a title, and when he died he left him a good

96 Original Uravels of


A further account of the journey from Harwich to Hel-
voetsluys-Description of a number of marine objects,
never mentioned by any traveller before-Rocks seen in
this passage, equal to the Alps in magnitude; Lobsters,
Crabs, &-c., of an extraordinary magnitude-A woman's
life saved-The cause of her falling into the sea-Dr.
Hawes's directions followed with success.

I OMITTED several very material parts in my
father's journey across the English Channel
to Holland, which, that they may not be totally
lost, I will now faithfully give you in his own
words, as I heard him relate them to his friends
several times.
On my arrival," says my father, "at Helvoet-
sluys, I was observed to breathe with some diffi-
culty; upon the inhabitants inquiring into the
cause, I informed them that the animal upon whose
back I rode from Harwich across to their shore,
did not swim Such is their peculiar form and
disposition, that they cannot float or move upon
the surface of the water; he ran with incredible

Baaron lRuncbausen. 97

swiftness upon the sands, from shore to shore,
driving fish in millions before him, many of which
were quite different from any I had yet seen,
carrying their heads at the extremity of their tails.
I crossed," continued he, "one prodigious range
of rocks, equal in height to the Alps (the tops or
highest part of these marine mountains are said to
be upwards of one hundred fathoms below the
surface of the sea), on the sides of which there
were a great variety of tall, noble trees, loaded
with marine fruit, such as lobsters, crabs, oysters,
scollops, mussels, cockles, &c., &c. ; some of which
were a cartload singly! and none less than a
porter's 1 All those which are brought on shore,
and sold in our markets, are of an inferior dwarf
kind, or properly, waterfalls, i.e., fruit shook off the
branches of the tree it grows upon, by the motion
of the water, as those in our gardens are by that
of the wind The lobster-trees appeared the
richest, but the crab and oysters were the tallest.
The periwinkle is a kind of shrub ; it grows at the
foot of the oyster-tree, and twines round it as the
ivy does the oak. I observed the effect of several
accidents by shipwreck, &c., particularly a ship
that had been wrecked by striking against a moun-
tain or rock, the top of which lay within three
fathoms of the surface. As she sunk, she fell upon
her side, and forced a very large lobster-tree out

98 original Cravels of

of its place. It was in the spring, when the
lobsters were very young, and many of them being
separated by the violence of the shock, they fell
upon a crab-tree which was growing below them;
they have, like the farina of plants, united, and
produced a fish resembling both. I endeavoured
to bring one with me, but it was too cumbersome,
and my salt-water Pegasus seemed much dis-
pleased at every attempt to stop his career whilst
I continued upon his back; besides, I was then,
though galloping over a mountain of rocks that lay
about midway the passage, at least five hundred
fathom below the surface of the sea, and began to
find the want of air inconvenient; therefore I had
no inclination to prolong the time. Add to this,
my situation was in other respects very unpleasant;
I met many large fish, who were, if I could judge by
their open mouths, not only able, but really wished
to devour us; now, as my Rosinante was blind, I
had these hungry gentlemen's attempts to guard
against, in addition to my other difficulties.
"As we drew near the Dutch shore, and the
body of water over our heads did not exceed
twenty fathoms, I thought I saw a human figure in
a female dress then lying on the sand before me
with some signs of life; when I came close I per-
ceived her hand move: I took it into mine, and
brought her on shore as a corpse. An apothecary,

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