Diseases of Aeschynomene spp.

Material Information

Diseases of Aeschynomene spp. a bibliography
Series Title:
Ft. Pierce ARC research report
Sonoda, Ronald M
Lennâe, Jillian M
University of Florida -- Agricultural Research Center
Place of Publication:
Fort Pierce Fla
University of Florida, Insititute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural Research Center
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
7 leaves : ; 28 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Aeschynomene -- Diseases and pests -- Bibliography ( lcsh )
Legumes -- Diseases and pests -- Bibliography ( lcsh )
Diseases ( jstor )
Colletotrichum ( jstor )
Fungi ( jstor )
bibliography ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )


General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"October, 1979."
Statement of Responsibility:
R.M. Sonoda and J.M. Lenne.

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University of Florida
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Resource Identifier:
69393469 ( OCLC )


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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida

Ft Pier ARC R h R t RL 1

Diseases of Aeschynomene spp.: A Bibliography
iz bL R. M. Sonoda and J. M. Lenne

-/q // The current trend toward increasing beef production in the tropics
and subtropics has spurred interest in improving pastures in these
zones. In general, many plants with similar genetic makeup are grown
together in improved pastures, increasing the potential for losses to
plant diseases (6). Published work on diseases of the plants being
tested for use in tropical and subtropical pastures is limited (5) and
scattered. The purpose of this paper is to bring together literature
on diseases of the members of the genus Aeschynomene.

Sources searched were: Review of Plant Pathology (Review of
Applied Mycology), BIOSIS 1959-1978, Dissertation Abstracts, AGRICOLA/
CAIN 1970-1978, Phytopathology, Mycologia and various indexes listed

Aeschynomene is a large genus (150 + species) of Leguminosae,
consisting of annual and perennial herbs or shrubs native to South
American and Africa (1, 2, 3, 4). The range of habitation is from
continuous flooding to Xeric situations (3). A few species are
being tested as forage in the tropics and subtropics (1, 2, 4).
Members of the genus have been tested for forage use at the Agricul-
tural Research Center, Fort Pierce (ARC-FP) (2).

The Bibliography is arranged as follows: Section I contains
sources listing diseases of Aeschynomene spp. Section II contains
sources where some aspect of diseases of Aeschynomene spp. are dis-
cussed. This section is divided into subsections containing diseases
caused by fungi (subsection A), diseases caused by viruses (subsection
B), affects of nematode (subsection C). Author listing under each sub-
section is alphabetical. The entries are numbered sequentially
throughout the bibliography. Each entry lists Aeschynomene spp. and
pathogen discussed in the article. Section III contains a pathogen

FEB 12 1980

1/ Associate Professor, University of Florida,-Ilstitute-of'Food and
Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural Research Center, Fort Pierce
and Senior Scientist, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical,
Cali, Colombia.

A rU 17nT

Literature Cited

1. Bogdan, A. V. 1976. Tropical pasture and fodder plants. Longman,
N. Y. 475 pp.

2. Kretschmer, A. E., Jr. 1978. Chapter 4 Tropical forage and
green manure legumes. In: Crop Tolerance to Suboptimal Land
Conditions. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. pp. 97-123.

3. Rudd, V. E. 1955. The American species of Aeshynomene. Bul. U. S.
National Mus. Vol. 32 pt. 1. 172 pp.

4. Skerman, P. J. 1977. Tropical forage legumes. Food and Agricul-
ture Organization of the United Nations. 609 pp.

5. Sonoda, R. M. 1974. Identifying and evaluating diseases of
tropical and subtropical forage crops. Soil and Crop Science
Society Fl. Proc. 34: 156-158.

6. Yarwood, C. E. 1962. Some principles of plant pathology. Phyto-
pathology 52: 166-167.


Section I

Indexes and Books

1. Chupp, C. 1953. A monograph of the fungus genus Cercospora.
Published by the Author. Ithaca, New York.

Aeschynomene falcata DC
Cercospora aeschynomenes
Didymaria spp.

2. Seymour, A. B. 1929. Host index of the fungi of North America.
Harvard University Press.

A. Aeschynomene americana L.
Darluca filum (Biv.) Cast.
Phakopsora aeschynomenis Arth.
Physopella aeschynomenis Arth.
Uredo aeschynomenis Arth.

B. Aeschynomene sensitiva Sw.
Phakopsora aeschynomenis Arth.
Physopella aeschynomenis Arth.
Dothidea gramma (S.) Fr.
Phoma gramma (S.) Starb.
Sphaeria grama (S.)
Phyllosticta phaseolina Sacc.

3. Skerman, P. J. 1977. Tropical Forage Legumes. Food and Agricul-
tural Organization of the United Nations.

Aeschynomene falcata (Poir) D.C. Podr. vc. Bargoo
resistant to root knot nematode.

4. Wehlberg, C., S. A. Alfieri, Jr., K. R. Langdon, and J. W. Kim-
brough. 1975. Index of Plant Diseases in Florida. Fl. Dept.
Ag. and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry,
Bulletin 11. 285 pp.

Aeschynomene virginica (L.) B. S. P.
Uredo posita J. J. Davis

Section II


5. Arthur, J. C. 1962. Manual of the rusts in United States and


Canada. Hafner Publishing Co., New York.

Aeschynomene virginica (L.) B. S. P.
Uredo posita J. J. Davis

6. Arthur, J. C. 1917. Relationship of the genus Kuehneola. Bull.
Torrey Bot. Club. 44: 501-511.

Aeschynomene spp.
Phakopsora aeschynomenis (Arth.)

7. Arthur, J. C. 1905. Leguminous rusts from Mexico. Bot. Gaz.
39: 385-396.

Aeschynomene americana L.
Uredo aeschynomenis sp. nov.

8. Baxter, J. W. 1959. A monograph of the genus Uropyxis. Mycologia
51: 210-226.

Aeschynomene trigonocarpa Taub.
Uropyxis daleae (Diet. & Holw.) Magn.
var. africana var. nov.

9. Beasley, J. N., L. T. Patterson, F. E. Templeton, R. J. Smith, Jr.
1975. Response of laboratory animals to a fungus used as a
biological herbicide. Arkansas Farms Res. 24(6): 6.

Aeschynomene virginica (L.) B. S. P.
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.)
Sacc. f. sp. aeschynomene

10. Boyette, C. D., and G. E. Templeton,- 1978. Biological control of
two rice fields weeds with mixtures of endemic Colletotrichum
gloeosporioides. Phytopathol, News 12(9): 128.

(Same as entry 9)

11. Cummins, G. B. 1956. Descriptions of Tropical rusts VIII.
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 83: 221-233.

Aeschynomene abyssinica Vatke
Uropyxis wiehei sp. nov.

12. Daniel, J. T. 1972. Biological control of northern jointvetch in
rice with a newly discovered Gloeosporium. M. S. Thesis,
Univ. Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas.

(Same as entry 9)

13. Daniel, J. G., G. E. Templeton, R. J. Smith, Jr., and W. T. Fox.
1973. Biological control of northern jointvetch in rice with
an endemic fungal disease. Weed Sci. 21(4): 303-307.

(Same as entry 9)

14. Kern, F. D., and H. W. Thurston, Jr. 1944. Additions to the
Uredinales of Venezuela III, Mycologia 36: 54-64.

Aeschynomene americana L.
Phakopsora Aeschynomenis Arth.

15. Lenne, J. M., and R. M. Sonoda. 1978. Colletotrichum spp. on
tropical forage legume. Plant Dis. Reptr. 62(9): 813-817.

Aeschynomene americana L.
A. indica L.
A. montevidensis
Colletotrichum dematium f. sp. truncata (Schw.)
v. Arx.
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Sacc.

16. Smith, R. J., J. T. Daniel, W. T. Fox, and G. E. Templeton, 1973.
Distribution in Arkansas of a.fungus disease used in biocon-
trol of northern jointvetch in rice. Plant Dis. Reptr. 57(8):

(Same as entry 9)

17. Smith, R. J., W. T. Fox, J. T. Daniel, and G. E. Templeton. 1973.
Fungus fights rice weed. Rice J. 76(10): 16-17.

(Same as entry 9)

18. Tebeest, D. O., G. E. Templeton, and R. J. Smith, Jr. 1978.
Temperature and moisture requirements for development of
anthracnose on northern jointvetch. Phytopathology 68(3):

(Same as entry 9)

19. Tebeest, D. 0., G. E. Templeton, and R. J. Smith, Jr. 1978.
Decline of a biocontrol fungus during winter. Arkansas
Farm Res. 27(1): 12.

(Same as entry 9)

20. Tebeest, D. O., G. E. Templeton, and R. J. Smith, Jr. 1977.
Histopathology of northern jointvetch anthracnose. Proc.
Am. Phytopath. Soc. 4: 157-158.

(Same as entry 9)

21. Tebeest, D. 0., G. E.
Epidemiology of

Templeton, and R. J. Smith, Jr. 1976.
northern jointvetch anthracnose a proposed
Proc. Am. Phytopath. Soc. 3: 271.

(Same as entry 9)

22. Templeton, G. E., D. O. Tebeest, and R. J. Smith, Jr. 1976.
Biocontrol of a weed with an endemic fungal pathogen, the
mycoherbicide strategy. Proc. Am. Phytopathol. Soc. 3: 235.

(Same as entry 9)

23. Thirumalachar, M. J., and M. D. Whitehead.
species of Physoderma on Aeschynomene
43: 430-436.

Aeschynomene indica L.
Physoderma Aeschynomenis
Whitehead sp. nov.

1951. An undescribed
indica. Mycologia

Thiramalachar &


24. Fulton, R. W. 1948. Hosts of the tobacco streak virus. Phy-
topathology 38: 421-428.

Aeschynomene indica L.
tobacco streak virus (by inoculation)

25. Hutton, E. M., and N. E. Grylls. 1955. Legume "little leaf", a
virus disease of subtropical pasture species. Aust. J. Agr.
Res. 7: 85-97.

Aeschynomene falcata (Poir.) DC
legume little leaf disease


26. Kretschmer, A. E., Jr., R. M. Sonoda, and G. H. Snyder. 1979.
Tropical legume resistance to.root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne

spp.) and seedling year productivity.

Aeschynomene americana L.
'root-knot nematode'

Pathogen Index

Cercospora aeschynomenes 1
Colletotrichum dematium f. sp. tr
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides 15
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f.
17, 18, 19, 20, 22
Darluca filum 2
Didymaria sp. 1
Dothidea Gramma 2
Legume little leaf virus 25
Meloidogyne sp. 26
Phakopsora aeschynomcnis 2, 6, 14
Phoma Gramma 2
Phyllosticta phaseolina 2
Physoderma Aeschynomenis 23
Physopella aeschynomenis 2
Root knot nematode 3, 26
Sphaeria Gramma 2
Tobacco streak virus 24
Uredo aeschynomenis 2, 7
Uredo posita 4, 5
Uropyxis daleae var. africana 8
Uropyxis wiehei 11

Tropical Grasslands

uncata 15

sp. aeschynomene 9, 10, 12, 13, 16,