Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
December 14, 1895
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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Full Text
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8. Power., Editor. J JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, DECEMBER 14, 1 8 95. i >14O1 Vol.NEW VII sEni,.No 60: !!

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: Before buying.your Nursery Stock,investigate and know what you ate getting. Know ;that
G. L. Taber's Catalogue for 1895-6. you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer. -


Enlarged, re-written newly illustrated; 60 pages; so engravings; model of typographical with art. the most Extensive in the State and offer all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums, Pears
Latest practice and best methods Culture. Most recent experience in orchard and market .
varieties new,and old. Japan Persimmons, Grapes, Figs,Mulberries' Apricots,Almonds Satsuma and other Oranges and
Lemons on both


75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded' and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs etc:
Which is sent free upon application,describes over 300 varieties of fruits and ornamentals offered :
a for FLORIDA and lower South including NO BETTER STOCK. NO CHEAPER. NONE SO LARGE.
It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds.
Trifoliata. ; Write for Catalogue and information wanted
Satsuma on Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock. any
GLEN ST. MARY, FLA. "" ::ow IS 'rii E TI.lVE." .

Send in your orders this month for Bud Wood Trees and Roses.We .

GRAFTED PECANS. can: furnish 75,000 Eye buds dormant and next spring budding. Orders booked'now for
delivery in October and November. irst-class buds and true to nan e. Standard varieties as follows -
: 1\1-jorca, Jaffa Ruby Bl od Hart's Late. Parson Brown, Tangerine, Homossassa. Medit-
i THE ONLY WAY TO GET WHAT YOU WANT.; erranean Sweet: ,Satsuma and Grape Fruit. Buds well packed and sent to tiny pa't of the Slate for
60 cents per Iro;$5.00 per 10.000 budded Orange Trees 2 to 4 feet high, budded on sour and
.jreadquar, for Fear Trees. Satsumu Oranges on TrlfoUata. Celestial. Figs, irif. liata stocks, from i to \\Y&in. at the ground.; Buds inserted in the stump at the ground (not in
One I'earTrees now full of Fruitf Everbearing Mulberries for the Pigs and' the roots)and can: be protect by banking this winter.
Peach, Pear, Plum, Persimmon, Loquat and Fig Trees. Large three year"old"White Niagara
Chickens. JSlberta Peach Trees by the Thousand. Grape Vines.
Send for Interesting Catalogue. ROStlSS
THE OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA NURSERIES, Fifty varieties of roses budded and on their own roots. The famous Marechal Neil n specialty:
Our roses have proved to be well adapted to this State. For,lull particulars send for descriptive
J. H. OIICAJHtlDlSAXJ, !Prop.: ,, catalogue and price list. 'Address, ,
Interlachen, Fla.


o We have an Unusually Large and Fine Stock of Hardy Palms, cannot be raised in Florida, but

g Shrubbery, Trees, Vines and all Manner of Plants

m ? for House, Lawn or Orchard. ORANGE'S CHERRY PLUM

Fruit Trees, Economic Plants!'!, Ferns;Orchids, Bamboos Cac'u, Etc., for every situation;.and
for very climate. ,Plants sent safely to all parts of the World. We pack by mail,and pay postageat ooked'in' any form or made into pies, tarts, jellies, jam, sweet pickle, preserves,
Catal rates, or s nd large plants! by press or freight. : -
Send for'large catalogue illustrated and:priced.UEASOXEU. etc., are fully equal or superior tj the best cherries of the North. The tree is an

BROS., 011 ceo, Fla., : enormous bearer, ripening' its fruit for six or eight weeks in July or August.

:L GENUINE BERMUDA ONIONS.' "It Is puzzle to everybody. Halt plum and half cherry In quality and appearance. You have a rea
; treasureFarmer! and Fruit urower. --
,' "* '' Our stock of tliis.popular variety is now ready for delivery. Beware of spurious "The Cherry Plum is a valuable acquisition to our list of fruits "-Florida Agriculturist.
''Cooked.It i ill equal we bel'eve' superior,to the Early Richmond the most valuable of all cherries for
>! 'Italian and California, stock sold by northern houses at $2 to$2.50 per pound. culinary purpose' The sauce Is very rich in coloring and lluvor.a richer color and richer flavor than that
',. .c of thtt cherry,and free from the strong acidity of the plum,and leaves nothing to be desired In the cherry
OUR SEED ARE GEZNUlNEI.I llne."r-IIallrnx Journal. '
M:,;Both Varieties: White and Red, Packe 5 cents; | oz. 15 cents; 1 oz. 25 cents;
About 200 fine budded trees, 4 to !5 feet, well branched, 65 cents each, $6 pr dz.
i lb. 85 cents; lib. $3.00 post paid.
,-j, 'WAI.\ L. ORANGE,
H. G. HASTINGS Ss CO., sli r i iiirnx.: Manville. Fla.

} .. I Interleichen Florida.

Catalogue free on application. THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare

offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and 96,including a limited supply of


Oriental Pearw..JapanPlums on Marlnnna Stocks Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat,Strawberry -Also Grape Fruit. T"r'iff.. Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet, Bessie. Tangerine and
Plants.> Grape Vims, etc. Rare Coniferae': Broad Leaved Evergreens. Cumelias 50,000 Palmstbooocamphorand common Orange, Sanford's Sicily Lemon: and Villa Praoca Lemon Grown to stakes. All on Sour
Cinnamon trees Roses. The Greenhouse Department is the largest andmoat stocks.. Write. for prices to -,
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complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to Southcrn \.V. VW. HTA/WKIP Sb lgOrTdfa
horticulture Catalogue free Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Augusta Ga. No Agents l Qeor'ffotown Fla.

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: State Apolteral College I : ";' :-'f THE E "DAISY"" PLOW

: ". LAKE CITY, FLA. : \ 1:r 1' i Jbm \ .

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MONDAY, SEPT. 3D, 1895. II t ',
I ft iI An Implement That Every, Gardener and Strawberry

Four regular courses, Agricultural, MochanlcHl -
LRtlu- cl nt 10c, 'Yotnen'sequiv
alent in length studies and honor. Graduates! .'
of Latin-Scientific course receive degree of A. B..j; Shortest Quickest Most Attractive
of other courses degree of B. S. ,
A one year's Bui..1 nen* Cmirue. giving thor-
ough I instruction in Commercial lawArithmttic. 1 O u'r :r
Penmanship and Bouk-Keepiiig.
A year'.. c urse in Stenography TypeWriting BETWEEN ".
and Teleg aphy filling students fur business. FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH "y
Graduates of these courses receive certificates or THE .. .
proficiency.A .
in Piano Music has been added Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
under associate of the Toronto Conservatoryof : '
Music, giving best facilities to students of the: ,'m'
Piano, at a reasonable charge. THROUGH ROUTES. [ ; ...
Military Instruction under a graduate oi New York to Jacksonville byPennsylvania
West Point. The young men are under Military New Florida. K. K. to Wash- -I,,',>". e '.r: .>,
Discipline similar to West Point The and ington Southern liailway to ,
College Physician attends all students without Northern 1 Columbia, Florida Central & ,
charge. Lake City is one of the healthiest placesin Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal ;
America. High Pine Land. Fine Water. In points in Florida.Cincinnati .
eleven years there has not been a death' at the < .
College. All courses are open to women. Stu- to Jacksonville by
dents not prepared fur the Freshman class can Queen Ac Crescent to Chattanooga ., .
enter the Preparatory Urparlment. and Southern IVy to Ever- i 'j
To all students from Florida tuition is Free in Florida}ette, Florida Central & Peninsular -
all departments except Piano Music.! Music Limited. to all important Florida
students pay a reasonable charge. Students points.
from other states pay$20 a year tuition music Kansas Kansas City, Fort Scott &
extra.,. Young. men maid in the Mess Hall At$10 and City Memphis Kansas City, .
?. amonth. Young women board with families in JacksonvilleTluo' J to Birmingham, Southern K'yto
town at$10 tois a month. College year begins Line Everette, all. .
September 50,1895. Peninsular to Fla.
For catalogues address Louis to Jacksonville by

O. CLUTE, PRESIDENT, Holly Sp'gs 1St. Short Central Line to to HOllY Du Quoin;, The best Tool for:intensive culture ; saves the expenses of a 'horse";
:w LAKE CITY, FLA. Koute. City, Memphis & Birmingham -
? J to Bit.mlugham,Sou. does the work just how'and where you want it done. '
K'y to Everette and F. C.& P.

Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -
Holly Sp'gsItoute.. }Sp'g*, K., C. M. te B. to Birmingham Thousands of acres of Truck and Strawberries are cultivated entirely by hand.
Sou. IVy to Ever- This little plow has been perfected with ppecial] referenced Florida use and
DELAND, FLORIDA.For ette and the F. C. & P. with the assistance and suggestions of Florida growers. '
Louis'ille & Nash'ille to River
both sexes College, Normal School, -
New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
Academy, Alt School and Conservatory of Music, Toroute- with through sleepers .
An inttitntion of first rank. Faculty of twenty Jackeo'ville between New Orleans and
teachers.steam lighted Seven by electric elegant ty.buildings Hot and heated cold:water by Jacksonville.The Four Points and a Wrench Go With Each Plow.Given .

baths. horoughly equipped gymnasium.. Department F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track) in
of Physical Culture, with Military Drill Florida running through the
for young men. Library of6.000'olu nts. Read- Tobacco Jteyionst with this paper to new subscribers for one year for $5.00 f.. o. b. at our
ing room, with all leading periodicals and daily Stock fanning and Dairy Section, -
and weekly pap rs. Thoroughly equipped Peacn and Strawberry Lands
chemical and physical laboratories. Separate<< Orange, Jtanana and Pineapple. Country, Storeroom.FARMER and FRUIT
buildings Musicand Art Schools, with artistsof Phosphate Jtelt. GROWER,
established reputation in chaT get Opens: Han lh* Silver Spring and \
October:. Send fur catalogue giving lull,information Other Fine Scenery. JACIc; o1wILLI: FLA.
to The Great Hunting Country, ..
JOHN F. FORBES, Jteaches the Mated Inning Ground
President. Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety N. B. Special low rates given for Pony, Clipper and Hammock Plows in con.
of soils in the'State, and above all nection with the,paper. Write us for terms.

Runs over the Central Rldgeland
Where It Is High and Healthy.
lorida Prosperous towns till Its route and it offers
'r d the best freight facilities for any produce to WHY ?
Lan s the Northern markets. Send for the popular "..

Oranges "MY FLORIDA HOME." Go the Corn off the Cob Hands and
with Its spirited words and beautiful music on "Niggering Blistering your

descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and I Wearing the Skin off? Buy a
esorts which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pages I
of full sized best music paper,containing alsoa '
picture of a home in Florida+ and a hunting CYCLONE CORN
nvestments scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in SHELLER.
stamps,to pay expense ot distribution.)) _
i Send also for the best map of Florida(sen SEVERAL REASONS WHY YOU
free) and note the towns on its route.A.OMACDONELLG.P.A.
Developments; SHOULD HAVE ONE.

Jacksonville: ,Fla.

I Attractions The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R. rig It is fully warranted-against breaking or ret*

", ....) Address ?i ting out of order by any fair usage. '
I G. D. ACKERLY, Offers to ShippersThe It takes less power to do the same amount of I
Shortest and Quickest Route N nF work than any other ,machine of its size ever

BETWEEN ? There ill no ,time I loafc.after you are through
THE TROPICALTRUNK LINE, FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN j : shellinsr by picking the cobs out of the shelled
JACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA. corn as the machine takes the corn all cff the
THE EAST AND WEST. cob drops the corn in the box or basket, takes
With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com- _, the cob,on around and throws it oft at the back.
.. pany !is better equipped than ever ever to By a little practice with it you can easily shell
handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and one bUoihel or eat8 in about minutes' ort' less.
Insure close connections and prompt despatchto The shelter is small but it will 1 do the work of
Known all Eusteru and Western Markets. many la'ger machine.

Everywhere.Sold Through oars to destination with- The.spring can be adjusted to any tension re
out change or delay. qiiirrd and can be loosened when not in use, thus
Everywhere. Perishable freight followed by wire and avoiding any chance of its giving out.
Grown Everywhere. shippers advised time passing various Junction A shelter wrench accompanies every machine.
points and arrival at destination. '

RR All claims for overcharges and'loss prompt The manufacturer: of this machine is rated in the Commercial Agencies at ,$tssooo and .it
(R. adjusted. personally known to the Editor to be a responsible man The "
Lsk See that your goods are markedvia ,
dealer for them
Ferr,.'. Heed Annunl for 1893., : F. C. & P. R. R. CYCLONE, CORN SHELLER :: :
Invaluable to all planters und lovers For information call on or address. the undersigned "
of Fine Vegetables and Beautiful : Is not a worthless claptrap affair but has genuine merit. .
) Flowers. Write for It-Pree. C. E. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala,Fla. Retail price $3 00. Given with the paper one year for $..00 or as a premium for three. new
b D. 31. FEIJIJV CO., W. n. TUCKER, Gen.A'g't Orlando, Fla. subscriber at $a.oo each. Address all orders to -oo
Detroit, Mich. G. M. HOLDEN, Trav. Avgt. Leesburg Fla
," W. K. FULLER, Trav. A'I(!{t,Tampa, Fla. FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER() 'I
Y't .. ,
"; Or N.S. PENNINGTON. Traffic Manager, -
.. Jacksonville,Fla. Jsaaoi f..oszvllilev,Ai 1 ei,.}
& .'' W, H. PLEA3ANTS, General Freight Act, ,, '; i ,, .(
t ....sK s- .' -, i .
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II";;', .. ':Peanut. Culture but they may be applied .in the rows. has ceased to especially prepare his I state to produce any crop, and.if not : II

The t peanut requires: a climate in and at the ,time of planting.> Carefully nuts for market, selling: thtm. as "//arm-i, in condition it readily made so I
which( there is a season of five months shelled and selected kernels ers' stock" to those factories or re- at a trifling cost for fertilization. I

free from frost. It is probable that on should be used for seed. The seeds cleaners, where they are subjected to I A crop of three tons of clover.contains !
suitable soil the peanut wiil grow in should be planted from 12 to 20 inches a treatment of fanning, polishing and the following constituents: 123 i
any latitude where Indian corn will apart, two to the hill, and covered. I sorting before being put upon the'' pounds of alkali, 210 pounds of alka- I

thrive, but whether it will be a profitable about an inch, deep, either with a hoeor I market. This process is simple and line earths, 45 pounds of phosphoric i
a small turn plow. All and inexpensive.The acid of '
crop depends upon other consid-- grass 127 pounds nitrogen._
erations than its ability to withstandthe weeds must be kept out of the field, machinery, neither costly nor I Soils are not exhausted when it is
climate. The most favorable and the soil kept loose and open, that intricate, is placed in a four-story 'seen the power a suitable crop has to ';

weather for the peanut is an early the tender "spikes" may meet with no building in such a way that the pea- liberate and convert the insoluble sub- ,
spring, followed by a warm summer of resistance in penetrating the ground. nuts are not hand ed from the time stances existing in the soil, and store :
even temperature,with moderate moisture Experiment has not shown any defi they are put in their uncleaned condi- them in the plant for future use.' The ,
and free from drouth, and an au nite result favoring either the ridge or tion in the hoppers on the fourth floor clover should be 'cut for fodder the i

tumn, or harvesting time, with very level culture, and the nature ot the until on the first floor they are sewedin first year, the second year cut it once '
little precipitation, as rain injures the field selected for it will be the best bags, branded and marked readyto for fodder, then allow it to grow again I
newly gathered vines and nuts. Again, guide as to the method to be adopted.The ship, with the exception that in the and go to seed, which save for future I
it is probable that the quality ot the crop should be laid by in July, or course of this process they have passedover use, and there is left in the clover !
nut depends upon climatic conditions, as soon as the vines have spread a moveable table in the form of roots in the soil to the depth of ten I

as it is true that the nuts grown in sufficiently to keep down the weeds, an endless belt, between two rows of inches 97 pounds alkaline earths,.-71 :
tropical countries contain much more or to make the passage of the har- operators somewhat skilled in the detection ;:- pounds phosporic acid, 180 pounds ;

oil than those of the same variety row between the rows dangerous to of immature and faulty nuts, nitrogen, available for a crop, which,
grown in temperate latitudes, so that the developing pods. : which are picked out and put into a when plowed, leaves the land clean,
the proposition has been hid down The nuts should be' out of the separate receptacle, only the good light, retentive of moisture and.easilytilled

that the oil content of the nut is in inverse ground before the first/frost: as it is and merchantable nuts being allowedto with available constituents, in !
proportion to the distance from injurious both to the vines, when regarded pass into the bag beneath ; theseare the clover roots and soil, enough to I:

the equator. The nuts most in demand -: as fodder, and to the kernels. the hand-picked "factory stock"of produce any crop profitably, and the
by the American trade are those It may be necessary to dig the crop the trade.U. S. Farmers' Bulle necessity of purchasing fertilizers:and

raised between the parallels of 36 and 'some time before frost is feared, be- tin. employing them is saved.
375. degrees north latitude, as they cause early formed nuts, when frost is e The farm is made;'as it should be,

contain the least oil, therefore being. long delayed, begin to sprout, and Sandy Soils. self-supporting, but it can only be doneso

better for use as human food. the loss to the farmer from that cause Of all the soils to be cultivated, or by a judicious rotation of crops. If
would be than the from this is not resorted to, fertilizers, whichare
A sandy loam, neither too dry nor greater gain to be restored, none are preferable to
and the maturing of the later nuts. Besides soils. their much more costly, mustbe' ap
too sandy, yet light porous, pro- the light sandy By por plied.-Andrew H. \Vard in Western
duces,the most marketable peanuts, if peanuts have been cultivatedin ousness free access is given to the
because it is nearer the natural colorof the same land for several years the powerful effects of air ; they are nat Rural.
the peanut: shell, and the tiade for vines often will drop their leaves and urally in that state to which drainage. For clover substitute cowpeas and
the above will then be
are thus greatly injured for use as hay. applicable
which! American peanuts are raised : and subsoil ploughing\ are reducingthe .
demands a light-colored shell, but In harvesting the crop, the practiceis stiffer lands Of England. Manure Florida. '
; ,equally sound and well flavored nuts to pass, down each side of the row may as well be thrown i into the wateras --
with a plow, made especi fly for the A Traveling: Cannery. ,
may be produced on other soils. In on land under-laid by water.
fact, almost any soil that can be put ina purpose, without a mouldboard, and Drain thi, and no matter it the upper A steamship has recently been fitted
with a "sword," or long cutting with all the appliances' for canning and I
friable condition, and kept so, will soil be almost quicksand, manure
produce peanuts, provided it containsa flanges welded to the point. The will convert it into fertile, arable land. preserving tropical productions on
sufficient quantity of lime. plow is run deep enough to sever the The thin covering ol mold, scarcelyan board. She is designed to cruise
about the West India Islands and the'
taproot without disturbing the pods.
The of lime is inch in thickness the product of a
presence necessaryfor The vines are then lilted from the be imitated and "keys" of Florida to pick up fruits,
the development ol the nuts, as century, may : pro-
ground with pitchforks, and placed in turtles, guava and other dainties_ and
without lime there be luxuriant duced in a short time by studying the
vines nothing may but If rows; they ,are afterward slacked laws of its foundation. preserve them on the spot ; then deliver -
pops. around short poles. Two weeks later them at Southern ports for"trans-
It is a well recognized fact that nextto
contain lime
the soil does not already :
in sufficient quantities the deficiencymust ; the pods are dry enough to be pickedoff. temperature the water supply is This port by sailing rail to all Darts of will the doubtless country.
be supplied by the use of some the most important factor in the pro
a great convenience to our
form of commercial lime, such as burnt After the peanuts are picked they duction of a crop.
should be cleaned before being sicked. Li ht soils in Southern coast neighbors, where fruits
oyster shells, burnt limes-one or marl.It ;! give good crops sea- abound without
should be clearly understood;: that The necessity of cleaning is ot course sons of plentiful: and well d,stnbuted a present market,
and should be the
constant cropping without the use ot not so great as, it was prior to the I rains, or when skillfully irrigated. very profitable
of the
proper rotations or manures must establishment of recleaners or facto 'Insufficient moisture in a soil is an owners Constitution.How enterprise.-Atlanta

eventually impoverish both, the soil ries, but still the cleaning of the nut evil that no supplies of plant food can .
and the planter. would not only leave a large numberof neutralize. Sandy soils are lich in j
and What to Order for
The time of planting depends upon pops and saps on the farm for the mineral constituents, and fail to give *
the latitude, the distance from the sea, feeding of stock, but would doubtlesscause good crops in time of drought only on Planting.
I and the, elevation of the section in the nuts to bring a price sufficient account of their inability to retain: "Face the fact," says Long-in How
which the seed is to be planted. In to justify the expense of .clean- moisture. to Plant a Place;" that there are many

Virginia from May i to 20 is probably ing. Tne sacks used for peanuts are 'This can be obviated by the appli-- unscrupulous agents among those sup-
the.time during which the larger part tither sixty-six or seventy-wQ inches cation ol peat or clay or the sowing of plying trees, plants and seeds; but also
of'the crop is planted, danger of kill- long, and wide enough to hold four clover-all of the e enable it to retain that there is no lack of reliable nurse-
bushels pounds. Even shculd moisture in times, the lies. Notice that the dishonest
frosts being past by that time, althoughsome' or zoo ol droughtnd: agent
'farmers: plant the last. week of the farmer .not intend to sell his nuts decay of vegetable substances in the( deals in most extraordinary claims for

April and others not _until early in at once, he'should at least'sack them, soil gives off carbonic acid, a powerful new and wonderful fruits and flowers;
June.. In more southern latitudes as an attempt to keep them in bulk solvent to the soil. Peat contains as it is his trade mark. The only safe
planting takes place in April, and might cause them to heat. In filling much nitrogen as barn manure, but as i rule is this: buy trees, plants and'vines
farther north not ,before June. In no the sacks: care must be taken to fill it is dug out the nitrogen is locked up of reliable nurseries. Buy seeds by or-
section should the seed be planted each corner, and the entire sack by acids in insoluble combinations and dering from the catalogues of reliable
until all danger of the young plants should be well distended, yet not applied to the land in this condition it dealers, and don't be led astray or in-

being injured by a late frost is over. tight enough to crush the shells. Put brings in sorrel, coarse and unnutri- duced to spend much money on the
Peanuts should be planted in well away in a dry, airy place peanuts tious grasses; composting it with an alkali latest novelty, for which extravagantand
pulverized soil to a depth of four, will keep in these sacks several years, to neutralize the acid causes the it may be, absurd claims are

inches. The distance between the should it be necessary to do so. peat to heat and then ferment, rendersit made. .. .
rows should be from 28 to 36 !inches, Since the establishment of peanut soluble and fit for food for plants at
varying with the ferti. ly' o the soil factories, or "recleaners;" in nearly a cost of about two cents a pound for The census which was recentlycompleted .
and the'variety :. Fertilizers"should be every community in which much attention nitrogen.: If the land is in condition gives Jacksonville a' population

applied broadcast before planting, I is paid to this crop, the planter to bear clover it is easily brought to a of 25,130. .

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fi\: i S ALE M OiW .

On anything you want in the FERTILIZER LINE by writing to us before you buy. Watch this space for
: Announcement of our new


AL L AROUND Brand for Orange Trees $25 Per Ton'

,, and Vegetables, .

.- ,
r.We: keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and .BONE,GROUND,

'7': ; BONE ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.: '
/ ,', Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited.



J"ACI soN iLz,E, ri ORIDA.

._- .

'- MAKING' FERTILIZER.The feet of. water alongside, is the ware- ing the walls. This mass is generally I I used in orange culture, and which are

," house, 100x30 feet, into which ships ot a dark color, with lighter streaks too expensive for cotton and corn
,Extensive Establishment of discharge bones from Calcuttaor, else- and layers interlarded, through the I crops. Horns and hoofs are some-
Messrs. Little Bros. where, potash salts from Germany, mound as it rises. The capacity times found in the shipments of

To look across the river to South nitrate of soda from Chili, etc. the pit is about four thousand tons, bones, and these are rejected before

Jacksonville and see clouds of smoke GRINDING THE PHOSPHATE. and this great weight is sustained by a grinding, as was shown by a pile of
''and steam rising from the great fertilizer solid floor or'earth.. them lying at one side. They can
factory of Messrs. Little Bros and The company owns two phosphate It is found advisable to let this soft be reduced to powder nearly as wellas
mines in South Florida, one yielding mixture lie and for about six bones but in
carloads, often almost trainloads, of ripen even this form theyare
,' material l coming and going, is reassur- pebble the other rock. Just now theyare months, when it becomes so hard thatit nearly, if not quite, insoluble in
ing these hard times. Continuing from grinding the pebble for the manu- has to be worked up with picks and the soil, so that their stores of nitro-

day today, this sight moved our re- facture of a cotton fertilizer. This spades. It loses somewhat in weightby gen, though considerable, are locke

... ;porter to cross,the river and visit the pebble is a fine gravel, grayish bluein the evaporation of sulphuric acid, up and not available to plants. '
color mixed with sharks' teeth and
factory, where he was courteously received but it gains about one per cent in
and other remains. It is.
organic available acid which makesit
and shown around by the phosphoric; ,
wheeled by the from the car into The sacks used here made
superintendent, Mr. A. P. Hay. men more valuable. To reduce it to a are o;
the lower story, carried in an elevatorto powder convenient for sacking, it has jute and are manufactured in ,Char
'! ORGANIZATION AND BUILDINGS. the fourth story and crushed to pow- to be reground before it is shipped.It leston. A sack is placed on the
r The firm of Little Bros., limited, der between powerful iron rollers will be understood by the reader scale and the mouth held open whilea

was organized in 1890 with a capital driven by an engine of 150 horse that this mixture of sulphuric acid and workman shovels in the phosphateuntil

"7' $150,000, since increased to $175- power. Without attempting to follow ground pebble makes simply acid the scale denotes 200 pounds.It .

000, and the works began operation the powder through all its journeyingsup phosphate. There is an excess of is then quickly whisked away by

: in October, 1890. The officers are : and down, suffice it to say that it sulphuric acid, which imparts to the another and placed with others in
Lockhart, Little, president ; Alex. Lit- is next carried into a large seive which product its characteristic penetratingodor. rows. A third workman sews up the

tle, vice president; J. E. Stillman, retains the unground fragments and sacks and they are then ready to be
secretary and treasurer. There are throws them out to be ground again. wheeled into the cars.
four, buildings-the acid chamber, the MIXING WITH ACID. A DRY MIXTURE.
phosphate pit, the warehouse and the This acid phosphate is not a 'complete MAKING SULPHURIC ACID.
nitre shed, besides various adjacent The powder is elevated again and fertilizer, and some of the corn The sulphur is imported from

sheds, office*, engine rooms, etc. The carried into a large revolving pan, and cotton planters prefer the powder Sicily to New York, and thence comesto
where it is mixed with acid
,acid chamber or building is 135x75 sulphuric before it is treated with acid. It is Jacksonville by schooner in bulk.
and 25 feet high. It contains two conveyed over from the acid chamberin then called floats, and is mixed dry -It is simply burned in the furnaces in

: acid pans, each 120x30 leet and 2 feet a pipe. The proportions of the el ,; with the prcper proportions potash connection with the nitrate of soda.
used in the mixture
ements ''
i deep. About each pan is a gas cham- are noo and nitrogen to make a complete fer The furnace room is about 35x30 feet,
of acid
ber ol sheet lead, fitting down just in pounds sulphuric to 1400 tilizer. Ot' course, this raw ground stretching across the ends of t both
side of the and reaching down I pounds of ground phosphate. This is floats is acid or rather gas'chambers.. The
pan phosphate, or very slowly
where is used where rock is
within a half inch of the bottom of it, pebble ; soluble in the soil water, and yet the sulphur is fed into the furnace througha
used the of the ele
proportions two
the whole sustained on wooden frame- experiments of the Alabama Experi- great many small doors, burning
t work. ments in the mixture are about equal ment Station, and some others, indi, readily with a blue flame, and the
is feet' by weight, as the powder (from the fumes back into the chambers.The .
The phosphate pit 100x60 cate that, considering its lower cost, it pass
rock is harder to dissolve than that
and 33 feet high. Into this huge re- from the is more profitable to the planter than nitrate of soda is contained in
ceptacle is dumped from a track over- the acid phosphates. retorts, of which one stands about two
head the mixture or mush, consistingof The object in dissolving the ground feet back (from each door, surroundedby
phosphate with sulphuric acid, as the THE MIXING DEPARTMENTof the The sulphur
ground phosphate freshly treated burning sulphur.
intelligent reader knows is reducethe this ( where all
to factory, high-grade
fumes acid
; ; .with sulphuric acid. At one end ot are sulphurous (gas),
phosphoric acid into a soluble brands are manufactured, is undoubtedly
this pit, and practically under the same which unites with another equivalentof
condition, available as plant food. as complete as that of any fertilizer from the nitrateof
roof, is the mill building, 60x35 *feet oxygen, expelled
and four stories high. Sheds for stor- INTO THE PHOSPHATE PIT. factory in the entire South. soda, forming sulphuric acid, whichis

age are ranged around this building, When the mush has been stirred in GRINDING BONES. also in the form of gas. This con.

aggregating 340, feet in length by 20 the mixing pan sufficiently, it is drawn In addition to the supply of bones denser on the sheet lead forming the
feet wide. off into a tram car, which runs on an which were formerly received from sides of the chamber and drips down

The railroad track runs alongsidethe elevated track out over the phosphatepit Calcutta, the proprietors have at var, into the pan., From this it is con.
acid chamber and the phoshatepit into which it automatically dumpsits ious times purchased them from the veyed over by a suction pump througha

and continues, on to the nitre shed, contents. The car-load goes down Jacksonville butchers, and from various pipe into \the mixing pan where it

20x30,'which is necessarily isolated with a tremendous splash into the great country stations. They are em- unites with the ground phosphate.The .

|,from the main building:; _' mass below, and blotches of the hot ployed instead of rock phosphate to capactiy of the factory is about

; : the river, ,.with ,fifteen I mud fly in every direction, bespatter t furnish, the finer brands of fertilizer .ten tons bf sulphuric acid per,.day.


.. .. ..
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'" .. -

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r --.=



: I

= '1895): THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. _. __ :: ,iiifl

Three tons of sulphur will make about section lots of fatherly advice regard- Cassava seed is simply the canes or No. 4. Blood, and bone (phosphoricacid I

nine tons of acid. ing its red rice. Instead of commen stalks, generally about two or three 10 to 14 ; ammonia, 7 to 8)), andlow .

In the furnace room of the chamberthe dation! or rather presentation of its feet long, which are kept through the grade sulphate potash.

fumes of sulphur are almost stifling, merits there is wholesale condemnation winter, then cut into sections from On No. 5 I had nothing to apply

causing a person with weak lungs to and it is declared most unmarketable four to six inches long and planted in that I thought would do any good,

cough. Yet it is said that the men thus helping to further under the ground. The: ground is plowed but I mixed nitrate of soda, muriate of

who work here are perfectly healthy, mine values which are now at ruinous deep and prepared in every particularas potash and ground Florida phosphatein

never troubled wish fever or malariain prices so far as the product of this sec- for corn, marked off with furrows the following proportions : Nitrate 1

any form tion is concerned. The offense wouldbe and cross furrows into checks three or of soda, 2 pounds; potash, i ra pounds, !

,r On the other hand, the men who venial if committed by others else- four feet square-the wider distance and Florida phosphate, 4 pounds. :

are employed around the bone mill where not of the South, but here we apart in the richer soil-and a shovel After my experimental plats were '

soon become fevered, and they haveto have exemplified that old saying : ful of good manure or a handful of planted I had a few vines left. These ;

be worked in shifts, changing about "Wounded in the house of its (friend." commercial fertilizer stirred into the I stuck in the ground where beans had l

every five hours. With its widespread circulation and soil where where, each hill is to be. been planted the previous spring. Ber- t

NOTES. long list of exchanges it is doing _a Drop the section of stalk flat in the muda grass had a good start there, ''f

At the present time about damage to this section which can furrow and cover it six inches deep, and I let it grow, and it grew about as E

hands are employed in the factory.twenty scarcely be estimated. Utterances of stepping on each hill or patting it well fast as the vines. ;

) The orders for fertilizer which are be- this character are taken by journals down with the hce. The seed needsto I am grieved to say that, with the .I

ing filled are: chiefly from the farmersof North, West, East and throughout the be well packed with mellow earth exception of plats Nos. i and 5, and

West and Middle Florida and Geor- South-and red rice is getting to be regarded deep enough down to. secure perma- the Bermuda plat, the experiments, !

gia. There is a large demand for acid as if it.were an unclean food to nent moisture, else there is danger were without startling results, except i
phosphate the cotton planters be avoided. that it will dry out in the customary in vines. The yields where the ground
among drouth and fail tobacco and combination of nitrate of
!spring to germinate.You
of that region the unexpected prices They go so far as to dub it "pestrice"
, obtained for the; staple this fall have which suggests something noxi- must take care not to place it soda, muriate of potash and phosphate

greatly stimulated the well ous, mischievous or destructive. On is too close proximity to a quantity were used were highly satisfactory,
industry as
- as furnishing the for the other hand Messrs. 'Dan Tdmage's, ot coarse manure, which would have especially on the No. 5 plat ; but
means large purchases the effect. when the cost of this mixture is' taken
of fertilizer for the ensuing Sons, New York, are seeking to estab same
e The proprietors have sufficient year. lish a counter-current, and thereby to Cassava canes usually sell at about into consideration, am of the opinion
1 now a dollar hundred feet that the ground tobacco is the best
one or $1.25 ,
_ number of orders on hand for acidf further its sale. They say in a recent per
barrel. as the yield was only a little I less and
letter to of "We per
phosphate to keep them employed all one our planters: ..
cannot why the New Orleans the cost not near as great.
J winter. There is little trade see
: a springe .
Some Sweet Potato
Experiments.After The land used for the main
e ing again in the and people are so down upon and decry crop
up orange vegetal -
a most laborious and brain- exceptionally land.
was good
red rice. As result of the pine
ble regions of South Florida and if the a light
trying series of experiments with sweet Had it been otherwise the
winter is not unfavorable this will esteem in which such is held by New comparison
I assume : I have come to the conclu- doubtless would been
considerable Orleans, it fails to realize any decent potatoes have more
r very proportions We sion, almost, that it is a waste of capital favorable to the experiments.But .
before figure. can hardly suppose
I opens. to fertilize sweet potatoes, providingyour the surpr.ise'was the
_ The Messrs.\ Little Brothers and the our milling facilities in New York are greatest .
land is fairly rich. I dabbled in Bermuda plat. The land 'was not
theirs and find
Mr. superior to yet, we
E. Stillman
Secretary, John have of this character sells all sorts and kinds of fertilizers this cultivated after the vines were'planted)
our output justas
orange,groves at Orange City and elsewhere the white and summer, expecting to discover just and the Bermuda formed a solid sod
which easily as at fairly
are coming along rapidly relative figures, considering the bad what the potatoes needed and to as- over the ground ; the vines of the po-.

. these toward a complete the recovery, and on name which the New Orleans people tonish my neighbors next year. Incidentally tatoes were small, and I expected no

onstrate properties their faith in proprietors their fertil-dem- have given it. We claim that the I hoped to be able to raise results, but the yield was equal to
own more than enough potatoes to satisfythe that of my pet plats, and in some
izers. The results in and in Creole rice i i. e. red rice, is the best '
insatiable appetites of my neigh- cases better. The tubers, at any rate,
fruit rice in the world, not simply just as
production .
satisfactory.While bors' razorbacks, as in this case I were in better shape, being longer and
good as the whiter sorts, nor again,
this factory is by far the most .
might be able to save a few for myself.. not so lumpy.
extensive of its kind in the State that its relative cheapness should impel -
plant customers from economic motivesto Heretofore my yield has been only Now, after I have averaged up my
we were informed that, had it not been moderate, and after the razorback had experiments, I am undecided. If it
give it their preference, but takinga
for the freeze 'of last winter, a large ad- had his share there
left for the labor in har-
was nothing were: not extra ,
it is
broad and that
correct ground,
dition would have been necessary by {for the I would
my suffering family.I vesting potatoes be
intrinsically the best rice and its unpopularity -
this time to have supplied the demandfor
can't say that my experiments tempted next year to plant my cropon
a confession of ignorance."The .
the Little Brothers fertilizers. The
intrinsic value of bread- taught me anything, except, possibly, my wife's Bermuda lawn. Of
proprietors express great confidence in any to leave the experimenting business in course I would have a double-objectin
stuff should be estimated by its nutri-
the future of the fertilizer business in
future to younger farmers, who have view. My neighbor's razorbacks
tious properties, and an analysis some I
Florida, saying!: "Men may come and a long life before them and can afford detest a Bermuda sod, if they can get-
men may go," but they cannot go far years ago by the Government chemistat to monkey around with chemicals and anything else. At least it would take
Washington demonstrated that the
in Florida without fertilizer. waste valuable ground in growing them longer to root up their share of
Creole, or red, rice of Louisiana was
BUSINESS NOW IN HAND. vines as long as the moral law and potatoes from a solid lawn of ,Bermuda -
far and ahead of white rice, do-
The proprietors now have enough mestic or away foreign." tubers as small as a politician's con than it would from nice loose:rows.,
contracts for fertilizer and acid phos- science. To recapitulate, 1 think it best to
Go to, Picayune, or lend a hand in
phate in Middle and West Florida and building for the best kindof After my patch" was in, and having plant potatoes on good average landin

Georgia to keep the factory running to the best up food patronage ever grown on the face a piece of ground that was already rows moderately high, and if any

its full capacity until April. For instance of the earth of which Calcasieu this prepared, I determined to do some ex- fertilizer at all is used, I would recom:

they have sold to Mr. Randall has enough, and to spare.-Sugar perimenting for the reasons aforesaid. mend ground tobacco put under, the

Pope, of Madison, Fla, twenty-four year Planter's I[ went at it systematically, like the rows at the time of planting. ',Per-

car loads of cotton fertilizers; and to Journal.?.-.. ,--.... I I I State Experiment Stations. I divided haps, if the soil is thin, it would be
four large dealers in Georgia two hundred Cassava Queries. i the ground into plats and numbered I best to use the No. 5 mixture, but I

car loads of phosphate, besides a each plat, keeping a record of the would suggest that the muriate of pot-
great number of smaller orders. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. time of planting, quantity and kind ash and Florida phosphate be increasedin

: _a. I want to buy some cassava seed to of fertilizer used and method of culti- the mixture. This would, of course,
Red Rice plant for stock on my place in Nor- vation. reduce the amount of nitrate and

The following communication is of( walk, Florida. Can you inform me The variety planted was the commonest would, doubtless, make smaller vines

great importance, not only to rice where I can obtain seed, how it kind of common Florida potatoes and larger tubers.-Florida Agriciil-.

planters but to every citizen of Louis- comes, the way of planting and cost ? The runners were cut from stand- turist.

iana if not of the Nation. We must P. O. HILBOURN. overs and put in the ground July 25th, .

confess, daily rice eater that we are, Boston,1\1ass.: entirely too late I thought. They: were BKOWN'S BKONCHIAL TKOCHES ,are of
that we did not know that red rice' We do not at present know where fertilized as follows : great service in subduing IIoarseneFs

was even as good as the white, but if you can purchase cassava seed ; but No. I. Ground tobacco stems. and Coughs. Sold only in boxes. Avoid.

better all prejudices against it should every year before planting time comes No. 2. Commercial fertilizer, con- imitations.

disappear! The writer of the follow- there are advertisements of seed for taining potash,8 per cent.; phosphoricacid

ing is largely interested in rice : sale in our columns and doubtless 5 per cent.; ammonia, 6 per WELL

The New Orleans papers, notably there will be this year. In the latitude I cent.No.

the ;Picayune, are devoting considerable -. of Norwalk you will not need to I 3. Sulphate potash ((48 percent o
attention and giving the Calcasieu i plant it before February or"March: .) AURORA IU 'CHICAGO.iiJ"



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A.EAtILIZER:: A TON."THE :: ;? : ;: ;
FOR $27.00 : : :, :
,. :" ;; ; ''
: : :
o. .o <,
$ /;
M:k.;!,: ..' ",'
'\' ;,.,0 I.o"f
: 0 :: : j' f, r, :;
... .0'
< "0 :.,

A Complete High, Grade ,Fertilizer, Especially Adapted to ', ; '0: :<. :{.-,>;

.,. E Al T. Y 'V"EGET.A.B: ES A. I> 0i .A. iQE 'rREEiS: ,'; :
: )J 1'," ; "
.. ,
1M1 iff'-. '
Ammonia, 412 to 532 per cent. ', ; :'- : '
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent. '
o Potash (Actual) 6 to 8 per cent. .
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, .- 11 to 13 per cent. '

Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.,
.. .
-'' mi i i-iiii-i-i- i -H>BMMMBM -'*'" i i i -.n.ii. n in *
We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Write, Us for Prices before Buying. :

------ --

Live Stock. craving a no-fence law, and the other until you bring the sand, and at,the ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY ,
imply the keeping up of the hog. ame time give the horse a purgative.Take -
The former had hardly a signature, a piece of beef rennet as largeas By E. Dwight-Sanderson, Student at
A No-Fence Law Not Desirable. while the latter was numerously signed, your two hands, boil in two quartsof Michigan Agricultural College, ,,
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: nnd yet the people here are compara- water well, then strain through apiece Lansing, Michigan.
.I have been reading with interest Lively slightly interested in cattle. All l> of cheese cloth and drench the
,the :letters, which have appeared in that is necessary i is:; to have the law horse as soon as it is cold enough. From the Florida Ruralist.
your paper lately on the fence ques- changed, so as to make three strandsof Then confine the horse in a stable, The science of entomology-like
tion, and should like if you would barbed wire set at a certain distance and never allow him. to go out ; feed many of the sciences now recognizedas
kindly give me space for a few lines from the ground, and the posts a stated him on dry feed-corn, oats, bran, among the most'important-is com-
on the above. number of feet apart, a legal fence hay,' fodder or rice straw. If you turn paratively new ,and still .in its forma-
r have been in Florida about fourteen against all stock; or if the fence is of the horse out as soon as 'the sand tive period. Yet its economic valueis
years, and have always been plank, or other material,one that would passes l he will get it back in a short coming to be more 'and :more: c.
anxious to, see the free range of hogs correspond with the above. time. Keep him up .ten or fifteen; ognized. The losses occasioned, by
stopped. I think, however, a no- One of the main causes of damage days' on dry feed. There will not hea insect'plagues have ever: ,been and;still,
fence law' would be an injury to the being done by cattle is the poor fences particle left. It is' much more diffi- are, a notorious nuisance.
State, and am satisfied: to agitate for 'some people put up. A man puts two cult to get the sand from a mule. A It is estimated that in 1864 the loss
such 'would tend to delay indefinitely wires on posts twenty feet' apart, and; mule should never be allowed to run on the corn and grain crops of Mis-
out getting rid of the hog nuisance. does not even have them tight. The out. A fountain pump will bring the souri by the chinch bug was$73,000-
The groves and fields now enclosedare first thin' that happens is that a cow sand much better than anything. 'U'Ie: 000, ar.d in 1887 among nine states
mostly cattle proof, and if' a no- learns she can go through, with the re, plenty of water ; pump the horse until infested, the loss was $60,000,000.
fence law were passed, how many suit that the balance of her existenceis you rinse him out. In 1891 the, loss of one farmer in
men would be satisfied with a oung spent trying to break into fields. F. C. M. BOGGESS. Kansas on 100 acres of alfala by
grove of budded trees, or a patch oi WM. Y. DOUGLAS. Fort Ogden, Fla. grasshoppers was $2,000, and he was
corn or vegetables standing in the Dunedin, December 7. only one of many. The dairiage) done
open, woods, with the chance of its o f A Valuable Work. by the gypsy moth in Massachusse: ts,
being injured by the accidental tres- Remeay for Sanded Horses. Such""is ,the ,catalogue issued by G. was so great that appropriations' of
passing of his own or neighbors'stock Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: L. Taber, of Glen Sr. Mary, Florida.It about $350,000 were made by the
? If then, we are going to In reply to your enquiry relating to is a work ol art, and the illustra- State f f\.r ItS extermination.One .
have a cattle proof fence anyhow, .sanded stock," let me recommend a tions, reproduced from photographs, of the most serious pests of
why lose, the benefit of the grass on remedy used very successfully in my show the t Iruits of the lower: South' trueto recent date is that of the cotton-ball
the thousands of acres of unoccupiedland practice in such cases. nature. weevil in Texas. This importationfrom
? Should a man not wish to For a bad case, give one-half ounce Its greatest value, however, is in the Mexico has spread otter one-
have his wild land pastured by other calome', made into a paste with flour directions for planting and cultivating sixth of'the cotton'producing portion
people's stock he ,can fence it and and a little !yrup. .Make'into a'lumpor and the general treatment of decidu. ot the State, and if its ravages be not
thereby secure it all for his own use, bolus, pull out the tongue of the ous' truits in Florida 'and the Gul: quickly checked the damage will, be
and he would gain no more by the sick animal to its full length, place the States. We have examined hundredsof inestimable.It: .
passing of a no-lence law, as he would bolus on the root of the tongue and catalogue, but have never seen one is estimated that during the year
have to do so then in order to keep release the tongue, when the animal of equal value to the Southern grower. .1894 the loss was from 25 per cent to
his cattle from trespassing on his vill swallow the dose. In two hours We advise''ry one of our readers to 90 per cent. in the infected regions.
neighbors.The give; one quart of linseed oil. obtain this catalogue, which can be I'This meant 15 per cent of the whole
passing of a no-fence law would This: has cured many cases, and no I had on application to Mr. Taber. cnip' of the State, or in round figures
mean a great reduction in the num bad results followed the use of the ,- .- .-. 3 per cent of the United States, or 2.
ber of cattle in the State. It would mercurial. J C. NEAL, M. D. At a growers' meeting in Orlando )per: cent. of the whole product, with a
Mejsr*. Dickson and Gore;: spoke on
mean higher priced beef and higher I Oklahoma Agricultural and farm valuation of over. $8,000,000.
the !subject' ot canaigre culture and
taxes, and ,more money going out lor Mechanical College, 1 Incredible as these figures seem they
barbed wire. Nearly all the letters Siillvvater, OklaM Dec. 3, 1895. stated that an arrangement had been may readily be calculated from official
made to plant filly acres in that
which are written in favor of a nc- .. pro- rep* rts. '
duct as an experiment: and the :
fence law, have for their burden the KiHtor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: gentleman Prof. Jas. Fletcher, Dominion Entomologist -
I in issue of having the experiment in charge of Canada in 1891 estimated
would furnish the seed to farmers at
and the expense and difficulty of paper an enquiry for a remedy, I that out of an agricultural 'product of
keeping him out, and I am satisfied if ''or sand in horses. Here sand kills actual l cost. The matter was, upon $3.8oo-oooooo; the United States an,
f the hog's free range were taken (from 'more horses than all other diseases motion, re'erred to the special commit \ nually lost $380,000,009 ,by insect
Him, we would have I little agitation on :oml>ined. The best remedy I evvr tee ori fbaccn andcmt' pests Such a loss seems: almost beyond
the f fence question. ried, and one that very seldom tails, US. We sell your Poultry* Ven's' belief, but is in itself a conclusive -
j 11[ Some years ago a man carried is tj use injections water, with 'a TRY Fruits prices.and all DAILY produce highest Forrtenoi ,proof that whatever, the' cost' ofI

around+ ., this district two petitions, one, fountain pump. Never stop i injecting -owl. 1'. L aAQli prices; & SONS And.183 references Meade tit,.write N.Y. I study and experiment may be that"it
i My


1C _

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189, ; .'..; :. .. .. .. THE" FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-GBOWEB. 79 i II


cannot but more than pay for itself. Poultry. POPULAR POULTRY FARM: :
Here is a sum sufficient to carryon ,

the administration of all branches of .........---.-.......--.-.--..-.-----.-.-...--..
the National Government. If only Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. APOPKA FLORIDA. :

one-fifth of this could be saved it
would be sufficient to pay for the education Eight Hundred a Year Out of Five + HOROUGHBRED +
Hundred Fowls :
of every'college student in the INDIAN GAMES. !
What will some.. farm-poultry de
land.Various Good General Purpose: Fowl. Best Table Fowl known. ':
methods of exterminationof tractors say to that? What will some .

these pests are practiced. The of the sneerers at the, "common hen" BLACK MINORCAS.rGreatest

gypsy moth has been exterminated in say to that? They were "common layer of large, White Egg .

Massachusetts, and through the in hens" most decidedly, there being BLACK LANGSHANS.General
of in scaicely a thoroughbred bird other
strumentality entomologists Florida
purpose Fowl Best Asiatic for
abating the ravages of grasshopers in than the males on "the place. Tracesof

North Dakota and Minnesota in 1891, Barred Plymouth Rock blood were FOWLS FOR SALE. >SBffiS; EGGS IN SEASON.

the farmers of those States were saved plentiful, and Brown Leghorn blood, A few Cockerels at $1 50 and $2 oo. Will cost mo;e next month. Buy now and save '50 per
$400,000. Through the work of the and light Brahma blood ; and in one cents. Fowls shipped fat single express rates. One half the usual: cost.

entomologists at the Virginia Experiment house was a stalwart White Plymouth MEAT MEAL, CRYSTAL GRIT, OYSTER SHELL, ETC.
Rock cock who was being kept over
Station the
potato growers S. S. DeIA NOY. PROP.
for a second year's duty but all of
around Norfolk now do for $40 or $50 ; I

what,they formerly; paid $500 or $600 the five hundred birds in the laying Having other property will sell my Orange and Pou'try'! Farm located on LakeApopka. 18 '
for By a simple rotation of crops a houses, and,all of the, five hundred or Acres, 12 in Grove. Good building, Hock, implements etc. Bargain price. Terms easy; or will
exchange for well located property. Write.
!tix hundred chickens roaming the
pest has been starved: out and thus
thousands of dollars saved. A hop- fields or woods were first or second or r

per dozer has also proved an efficientaid third crosses, were of all sorts and all Chops Exactly ENTERPRISE i

in securing a crop. Spraying is a sizes, and couldn't positively have told = as >Shown. '

method in but in what their parentage was. w"iaan
now common use,
order to apply it effectually the: struc The production of eggs is Mr. Meat Chopper

ture and habit of the foe must be Brooks's business; and he keeps his
known. fowls until they are two and-a-half 1 TINNED

years old-that -is, until they have r;.iA'" :; chops, easily, meat for sausage, hash, and mince meat
Another method of exterminationwhich
rounded out two of laying. suet,.tripe, cod fish, scraps for poultry, corn for fritters, etc.
is now attracting much attention years By No. G,$2.-Tfo. 10,$3. The only perfect chopper ever made. All sizes, from the
from entomologists is that of en this method he ren'ews one-halt of his small family chopper to the largest power machine. Ask for it at the hardware'

couraging such animals as are parasitic la}ing stock each season, raising about dealers. Catalogue free. THE ENTERPRISE MFG. CO..3d& :Dauphin Sis..PHILADELPHIA,PA.
five hundred chickens. This gives
of the
on a pest. One greatest
---- -
triumphs of entomology has been the him two hundred and firty cockerelsand

introduction of species of Australian two hundred .arid fifty twoyearold housed shaped like an "A" tent, 12X NAPHTHA AS AN INSECT DESTROYER.

lady birds into California, and the rid- fowls to sell at market each year. 16 feet on the ground, and eight, feel is cheap substance but

dance by them of the San Jose or We asked him if' he wouldn't get a high to the ridge pole. As they art Naphtha volatile a and for that reason,

Pernicious scale. Many other valuable greater egg yield from all pullets, and set upon a hill, side, a foundation ol very in :
should be used the
eet also the returns from those additional rubblestones is built ,to make the never presenceof
allies have thus been made use of, and up lighted candle. Use it
and two'hundred and fifty birds sold. sills level, and the-roof slopes directly a lamp or
r by a proper study encouragement in daylight, deluge the roosts, walls,
of such deal be He thought that probably he would, to the sills. Five or six of these
a great can
and of the henhouse
nests portion
: but said that would necessitate raising houses sit side by side, in a row, being every
accomplished. with it and if it touches a louse
That the annual.joss may be much about one thousand chickens, which but a few (four or five) feet apart, and it will expire,instantly. It
would mean doubling the chicken there no yards whatever the birdsare evaporates
lessened be clear in ;
seems to as ever in a few minutes is not and no
and reform the method is work. This, of course, is a debatable kept shut within the houses until greasy
progress races of it remain. It can be used
education and legislation. By our question. We would state the case in noon, then given free range of a
freely water.
is as
agricultural colleges, farmers' insti this way: Four hundred early-maturing rocky pasture lot of four or five acres,

tutes and home reading circles, the pullets would probably give one as so rocky was it we thought we could LEG WEAKNESS IN FOWLS. .
many eggs in a year as five hundred play "I ain't ki-yi" all over it withoutonce #'
former can be accomplished, and by This season there have been a very
half pullets and half year olds. The stepping on the ground, whichwas
the agriculturists insisting upon their large number of complaints of leg
being represented by progressive and sale of four hundred year-olds would absolutely bare of grass. We weakness in fowls. Heretofore( 'it

public pirited men, the latter will doubtless net $75 (fifty' cents apiece on said five or six of the houses were in has been very unusual. There are

soon come. one hundred aad fi'ty' ),_more_ than the this row, the others (there were aboutten several causes of leg weakness, among

.-. sale of the two hundred and fitly two. in all) were somewhat scattered, them the feeding of sulphur. If

Work will begin at once on Mr. E. year-olds, and as the four hundred more upon the "colony" plan. sulphur is given in damp weatherit

N. Reasoner's thousand-dollar cockerels hatched with the pullets This is a very simple story, but it acts almost like a poison,.and affects

home at Oneco, which will be one of would sell for enough to more than effectually answers the question, "Can the bones, causing pains in the limbs

the handsomest residences in the coun pay for the food of both themselvesand I make a living keeping poultry ?" similar to rheumatism. We have experimented

ty. The contract is in the hands of the pullets, we would expect to There is certainly a living, and a good with its use and found the

Mr. George Primley, of Tampa.- clear fully one hundred more profit living, in that $800 net profit irom results as stated. Then again, dampness -

Manatee River Journal. from the four hundred turned out five hundred hens, even if the farm is of the quarters conduces to leg
yearly than from the five hundred, eight miles from a railroad.-Farm
weakness and will .
Editor Hal W. Bennett, former pro- so overfeeding.When
prietor of the LeRoy News, who sold half of them turned off'yearly.. If we Poultry. the hens have good appetitesand
in this there is also .
are right ,
out a year ago to make his fortune in POULTRY NOTES. appear well except unable to
the of the food
California, writes back that he is satis- advantage saving on move about freely, remove them from
fied that Florida, as'an orangegrowingState one hundred head. Allowing $1.25a the male, as very often' his attentionsare
year as the cost' of feeding a fowl, the of the .
notwithstanding the freeze has cause difficulty.
the saving on the food of one hundred I Sudden changes of food, too much .
the Golden State in
advantages over :
would be $125, which, added to the rich food, colds, or a regular diet of '
that her aheadof
growing oranges places $100 cleared from the sale of the addi one article, will often cause derangement |NEW] [MAMMOTH
State in the Union and will
any return tional fowls and cockerels, would giveus of the bowels. The mode of Poultry Guide for .189O Finest
here again to embark in the book ever published, contains nearly 100
$225 increased profit. treatment depends upon the cause of imjrff.' all prlntnl lu colon", plans for best
growing of the golden fruit. I ixiuliry, houses, sure remedies aud recipesfor
Stated concretely, five hundred the difficulty. If the bowels are in all diseases and how to make 1 inultryi
such condition foul the bird 1 4 i 'and. gardening:paVe Sent post i laid for J6c.u. .
fowls kept upon plan of renewingone a as to "_'" JohnBauschcrJr.boz3iFneport, Ill,
>,'. ..:. half the laying stock each year, it is due to cold, and a warm place, ,

pays $800 a year,net profit, while four with a few pinches of ginger, is the

.. hundred fowls kept upon the plan of proper treatment. If the trouble is HATCH. ,CHICKIExcelsior b So ll1--_-

renewing all the laying stock each year 'from constipation, add a few tea- ,, Incubator.

-_= ..--r.,...S. would pay $i 025 a year net profit. spoonfuls of linseed meal to the soft a VI Simple.,Tbounaudi Perf>>,et. '3 lo
"'Tis Love that makes.ihd world go round"' We believe fully in the annual renewal food of a dozen hens. In all cases it w baton operation.. larger Guaranteed percentage of

Bat 'tto. ) Fence that makes things In the of the laying stock, as paying a sub is best to cease all food except I lice anr fertile other ell Hatohcr at lei* eott Lowett than
world go round,or go through the gata. (Wo make hard Circular flee. I M priced drtla Batcber
milk in cold
better boiled in and fed a
gates also.), stantially profit. send Oo.for a mad. OEO. II. MTAllLIlluJ.
Catalogue. L 114tol it.thbl Qa1aqm.
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mlcb. Mr. Brooks houses fifty birds in a condition. <

l ,

-, ,. _.. ..
-- .-. ,__ ., '-.--. _;:--...- .. -" .. T--:: -

I ,


, --_. ., .1...--.., .DECEMBEB.'-'" ,. -...------:'.... L _
.. --

state News. Our Rural Home. f I school with every day, or to Susie -

,., Spader whose'seat in school adjoins SCOTT
.......... own.
your Having brought your
;t' Mr. J. N. McLean informs us' that Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, friends together, '
he has packed over 7,000 crates of St. Thomas. Fla. CAHBO-DIGESTIVE. h
oranges which have gone out
Palmetto.-Braidentown Journal. Gleaning Blaok Silk THE CHAIR,

[F Messrs. Creech & Stewart .shipped There are many recipes for renovat- and then ,state as clearly:; you can, COMPOUND I ', ",
," ing black silk, but the following I have with her permission the of the :.. ,
four barrels of egg plants to Chicago object '. .;.;
.. via the charges were $20.62. tried successfully: Place each piece on meeting. Tell about the charity you .,
.... express, a smooth, clean table, use a wad of the wish I treat-
Another party shipped three orange to aid. It may be a babies' hospital Positively the one Remedy for the

boxes egg plants ,to Philadelphia, all material you are cleaning (for a sponge, or a poor family, or a crippled ment of j .
and rub with this dipped in the clean-
child who is in need medical
rail $ box of attend- -
freight, charges, i. per 1.1
ing fluid in downward strokes until NERVOUS EXHAUSTION
and relief. More ,
days en route, one box'lost in packing. money necessary
each piece is well wet. The fluid .
farmer do ? may than can give outright so .
What is ;the truck to you Simple and Aggravated forms of
be equal partsof alcoholand luke-warm
; think it would be nice
Banyan item in Titusville Star. you to have a
; Speakers at a farmers' mass meeting wa'er; it may be cold coffee, strained, fair, and devote the money gained to Dyspepsia and Palpitation of the Heart
in which old black
or water an glace
the excellent
at' Ocala last week, ,consideringthe purpose, you have in
kid glove has been boiled. This latter view.
of tobacco growing
subject ,
lated that in the town of Quincy in mixture is a glove put into a pint of ,Probably there will be ,no objection Does your food sour after eating ? ,'Are
water and boiled down to a half pint, The funds you easily confused and excited ? Do
Florida during the past month question of will come
upper in of get in the morning tired and un-
or two gloves a quart water. you up
and if
leaf tobacco buyers had in one up, each one of you can donatea
seven Each and of fhese fluids r* freshed, and with a bad tasto in the
one are
week paid $70,000 for tobacco, ranging every small sum, say twenty five cents apiece mouth ? : .'
in price from forty to ninety cents' excellent in effect. Sponge the goodson :, you can buy with the whole Is there a dull cloudy sensation,;: attended ; ,'
what will be the side when
right by disagreeable feelings in the
sufficient material
a pound., Also as early as 1852 Mr. amount to make a
made silks be turned head and ?
as some can
up and eyes .
Gamble pounds great many pretty easily saleable
James grew 10,000 after being worn. Hang each pieceon Are you irritable and restless ?
'; near McIntosh, sent it to the World's articles, such as doilies, tea cloths, Does your heart thump and cause you
; Crystal Palace Fair at New York, a line to drip. When nearly dry, centre pieces, carving clothes, cases to'gasp' for breath after climbing a flight
where it,took first premium. The crop but still quite damp, iron with a mod- for brushes and combs, crotcheted of stairs? "

was sent to ,Germany and sold for erately warm iron on the wrong side, slippers for the bedside, and other Does it distress "YOU to lie on the. left,
placing a piece of soft black cambricor side?
bits of handiwork.THESE .
$1.25 a.pound.-Braidentown Journal.If crinoline, between the iron and the Have'you impaired memory, dimness,
the ranging of cattle in a town is goods, and ironing each piece until it WILL FURNISH YOUR FANCY of vision, depression of mind and gloomy
bad, the plague of hogs is a hundredtimes TABLE. forebodings? ;;
is the
perfectly dry. They lay away These symptoms mean that you are,
worse. Luckily we are not thus pieces without folding them.If When the time comes for your fair, suffering from Dyspepsia and-Nervous
I annoyed, but our sympathies are called the selvage edges seem to draw make a quantity of delicious home Exhaustion.

out for our friends in Oviedo and after the silk is wet, cut them here and made c ndy, and put it in pretty There is no other remedy extant that'
Lake Charm, 'who are troubled to the there to give a leeway. Some personsdo boxes, daintily wrapped in paraffine has done so much for this class of trou-"': '

point of desperation. About a hun not iron silk, thinking that as it paper. Take orders before hand for bles as ; .

dred head Of hogs are loose there, drips dry over the line it will be per your candy. You will have no SCOTT'S CARBODIGESTIVEy;;

causing a loss to those places, estimated fectly smooth, but this does not giveas trouble in selling caramels, chocolate
:at;not less than six hundred dol-- and old- '
\ ; handsome an appearance as ironing.The creams, peppermint creams, .COMPODNIV' :
lars 'a: month, by rooting up young' ironing must always be done on fashioned molasses candy. I am sure
destroying mature ones and by about this of the fair for I
crops, the wrong side and over a second fab- part If your case has resisted the usual
I I preventing the planting of others. ric, which must be black if the mate- know that home made candy, if good, methods of treatment we are particularly
The evil has become' so great that it rial is dark colored. If there are any vanishes like magic when little cooksare anxious to have yon give this compounda

has been soberly proposed, that if the grease spots on the silk, remove them saleswomen. trial.
hog men will pen up their hogs, the with naphtha, rubbing it on with a Dolls, prettily dressed, will find IWe guarantee relief in every case and
will refund should
rest of the people will give them one- piece of the silk, or with French chalk. many willing buyers, and with the our remedy cheerfully fail to produce your the money most gratifying -

fourth of everything they raise on the The latter is spread on the spot, left' hollidays just before us, you ought to : results.

l lands thus redeemed. In this way there over night, and brushed off in secure orders for dolls among your Please remember that the appellation
they hope to be able to feed their families the morning. If the spot remains, try friends. Dolls dressed in costume as Patent I Medicine does not apply to

,even if no money crops are raised! the chalk again. This must be done queens, shepherdesses, fairies, and Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compound.
while the hog men will be able to live before the silk is cleaned. French sailors, are very attractive. it is a prescription put up'by a leading

in'.a: luxury that' befits their legal positions chalk can be had from the druggist's, _* ._ physician who has made stomach and
The Art of nervous troubles a specialty for years.
as masters and lords of the soil. Washing.For
) and may be used on any fabric or color. ,We court investigation and earnestlyurge
-Orlando Reporter.The Benzine will remove paint, but it some- muslin washing-and who all physicians to write us for the
fight between the local fish times leaves a stain like water, which would not like to rival the Quakersand formula of SCOTT'S CARBO DIGES-
dealers and the railroads has assumed may be removed with French chalk. wear kerchiefs and gowns of TIVE ''COMPOUND, which we will mail-
another phase, the latest move being Another from snowy hue and web like texture?- or} application, that they may satisfy
plan remove
one in favor of the corporations. It silk is to rub a lump of wet magnesiaover prepare two basins at once, one ,filled excellent themselves, ,virtues.of its harmless character and, .

y will''be remembered that the restoration the spot, allowing) it to dry, and with warm water and melted soap ,
t of the old rate was announcedlast then brushing off the powder. No lather, the other with rinsing, water. Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compound "

week and that the local dealers matter what material is being cleaned, Shake your articles, be it curtain, Is the most remarkable remedy that

were' congratulated on their victory. use a piece of the same color and fabricto apron or skirt. Immerse, squeeze, science has produced. It has succeeded
I Since then; however, another order do the rubbing with.-Ladies' Home and knead. Muslin requires the>ame where nil other remedies have failed.
has been issued from headquartersand handling as lace. Don't rub. Any Sold by druggists everywhere. $1.00

the concession has been revoked. Journal. --- spots or stains may be brushed gently per bottle. Sent to any address in. ,
America on receipt of price. ,
This leaves the exorbitant and pro. A Small Fair. with a sort toothbrush. If obstinate, Don't forget that we cheerfully refund ,
hibitory rate imposed under the deal First talk it over with your mother, pour borax mixture through. This is ) satisfacto- ,
made between the F. C. and P. the says Harper's Round Table. Get her made with a pinch of borax thoroughly r.' ,

Plant System and Southern Express advice and co-operation (for girls can dissolved in a little boiling water. It not have it.Address .

Company in full force and the fish always carry on affairs of this sort bestif is a very valuable cleaning and bleach- all orders to '

dealers are not feeling tis good as they they have, their mother's help and ing agent, if used carefully and in CONCORD CHEMICAL MFG. CO.
; were. It is an open secret that the sympathy. It is very nice to talk the right proportions ,

; matter was brought to the attention of all one's plans over with one's mother.If I never allow muslin to be wrungin TOPEKA, KAS. ._
For sale by J, K. Kirk & Co., Main and For-
: the interstate railroad commissionsome mamma approves, write notes to my laundry, except through a syth streets, Jacksonville.
time ago and that the Tampa your most intimate friends, asking towel. This prevents pulling and .

fish men had fully determined to make them to a meeting at your home on fraying, yet dries it quite enough, as 500 BOOKS, ETC., 'FREE.'
a big fight on what they naturally the first convenient day. Saturday af. you need it damp in order to starch .
Send ten cents and get by return mail a beautiful ;
considered an attempt to build up the ternoon at four o'clock, for instance, properly. souvenir of the Cotton States and International
Southern Express Company at their is a good time for most girls to sparean I must give the formula for boiled F.xpositlon, postage prepaid, and your
and address printed the Atlanta Journ-
I expense, and it goes without saying hour. Of course there are some starch: One tablepoon'ul' of white a1 name)of CommerceV special{ '' Order Directory"

that,this latest move on the part of the girls whom you can invite verbally. It starch, two tablespoonfuls of cold that order will firms KO to who exhibitors will 'seud and you hundreds'sample of books man,

:j corporations! will again stir up the is not worth while to ,write a note to water, one-quarter inch common candle papers., etc., FREE.. ,
dealers to actton.-Tampa Tribune. Mary Adrain, whom you walk to one-half teaspoonful of boa JOURNAL; CtiMMESCE Atlanta, da ,

,, r

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-t tI



: '-:..:... ..: .. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND KRUIT-GBOWER. 798t .

.....- .. '"e....

Mix the starch' with the cold water per and lower crusts ;; for a thinner pie the cold air strikes like a knife. A r 7 -- EVERY'FAMILY ,. 1'<' ;

until quite smooth. Add the ta low put one between and one on the top man wouldn't stand such discomfort 1'SHOULD KNOW THAT!.

or wax. Stir well, and, while stirring edge of the upper crust, For a nice long," he would think of something to '.

i; pour on boiling water till the pie cut the crusts and rims with a jag- prevent it or ask his wife to, and she O

''I starch becomes transparent. Then ger. Serve a mince pie slightly warm. would-for him. ,

add your< borax ''previously dissolvedin ". ........ .

J i 'a little boiling water. This is the season for colds and Minor Industries. .

The above would make anything kindred troubles that, require treat- .
in it stiff. Of At all times it is wise to exercise A .
: dipped very course, ment with poultices., But so few
for: muslins it be much thrift, and because they can afford to
must 'very women can make a poultice properly,
be those who have
diluted. and the generous to not
patient so dreads the inevitable

Pass your things through, and dry mess, that it is not always applied been as fortunate as ourselves, but it

thoroughly. when it might be of benefit. It is an is more than ever necessary to be careful -

Before ironing sprinkle through a excellent plan to have some flax-seed ( of our goods and chattels during
these hard times. We cannot affordto
\ rose or sieve with warm water. meal on hand Keep a half pound ina '

Th? white, dull spots, so often seen glass jar with the cover fastened on. stand idle whilst these fences are ti a rerr rand ,and 'Iff*
out of repair, or the sheds and out TBRNAL EXTERNAL use "won"
on a 'clear-starched garment, come A yard or two of cheap white dcrful In its quick action to relieve distress.
\want be in
to order.
( cheese cloth should be kept ready put PainaKiller Is a sure cure for Sore
damping. Bags need mending, implements must Tliront. Coughs,
I ; i also for use in sickness. When a thills, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Cramps,
I ho 'r's time with a hot iron, previously poultice is needed have a pint of boil- be painted and, oiled, and a hundred Cholera,and aU Bowel Complaint

I well and with and one little jubs will profitably occu- Pain-K V IIerISTIIEBESTrem.!
brightened polished ing water in a 1 long-handled: saucepan, I << '1' 'CA
1 bath brick. and silt' flax seed meal slowly py any spare time that we may haveor Sickness!( Sick Headache, Pain in the
through Back
or Side,Rheumatism and Neuralgia.
No one,knows how much easier and i the fingers into the water, stirring con- when the rain stops work outsideor Pain=Killer' Is ttnquestlonnbty the
in the field. The
ingenious and BEST LINIMENT
pleasanter and more satisfactory it is stantly to prevent lumps. Let it cook MAD It brings speedy and permanent relief
handy farmer will make many a useful in all cases of Bruises, Cuts, Sprains,
heaters. I I
to use properly kept always until smooth, then lifting the sauce: Severe Burns, Ac.
have a, board thickly covered with pan from the stove, beat vigorously implement from the wheels: ot wornout Pale-Killer Is the well tried and
plows or the ironw-- rk oi other tool-, trusted friend of the
powdered bath brick in my laundry, lor a moment with a spoon. Thenet mechanic, Farmer, Planter, "bailor, and
etc, I that have passed their period of In fact all classes wanting a medicine always at
.which the irons rubbed
on are every it back to keep the mixture b,tiling bandand Role to use internally or externallywith
time,they are taken,off the range. An hot. Repeat the heating and usefulness! in their orig'n il l form. Mat-, certainty of relief.

old ,soap box cover does very well, or I beating several times ; this makes the ropes, halters and < tl-er- u.e' ul articles IS RECOMMENDED,
By Phytleiant by Aflulonarll", by Minister,by
l be made the twine saved
abjtfrom a broken, orange case. It. 'mass smooth and oily. It ought to can ;: irom Mechanics,by Junta in Hospital

costsnothing; and is invaluable to all be like a soft batter that drops easily rom sheaved hay or grain; and very BY EVERYBODY.
many articles that are usually left lying Pain=Killer ;ls.a M d1;wCvbesl11nleave
laundresses-amateur or professional (from the spoon. Before beginningto iu i/
about the place, often l 10 the injury of I port without a supply of it.
I'vvibh every woman knew the.capabilities cook the poultice cut or tear two j8S-No family can atlbrd to be without,this
the live !stock, could either be 10'some Invaluable in tbp Its,
hand'basi put remedy house.
of her own n. squares of( cheese cloth, and when the it within the reach'of all. and It will annual

In, many' cases .while washing my mixture i is hot and HTI >Both spread it else upon the farm or sold for a save Beware many of times Imitation Its cost, in Take doctors'none bills.bill Ute
infle. Old and miscella
hands! I ,have at, the same time made with the spoon on one .piece o\\ the plowshares I genuine "PJCBBY DAVIS."
iron be into the
clean and dainty and fresh and sweet cheese cloth in a square form, leavinga neous might I

some little thing of household use. I margin. Now turn the edges of the township and sold, or at least shouldb numerable !mall ril's of money rolling ?

think my palms and digits, and wrists cheese cloth up on to the mixture put where it cannot cause accidents. into the general income, during: a -

arenas: ftand, smooth: and unchapped like a hem, then lay the other pieceon Some fanners make a good sum from year will make quite a considerable>Je
skins, horns and bones--but the bones
and unreddened as any lady's need top of this, allowing it to extend amount when added up. I have
be used Skins of
be. I always dry them carefully and beyond it at all the edges. You will ought to as manure. heard many farmers declare that the
rabbits hares horses calves.
dogs, ,
use good soap. then have:; made the poultice without hens and the cows have broughtmore
sheep and all others have a value sufficient -
If any one; wishes to follow my example soiling the hands and it may be applied for all in money during the year than has
to care properly
I would bid her take courage. without getting a particle of the pay been obtained (from the wheat and

There' is nothing degrading disgust- flax-seed mixture on to. the patient's stretching and horse and hair preserving will them.for sayingif Feathers hay crops. The hen is a good one if

ing or: fatiguing in the art of washing. body'' or garments. If the poultice is I dried and pay clean. : she lays one egg a day for a month,.
nicely kept Many
It is a very pleasantly and cleanly, ,as made in the kitchen "and is to be car- and the cow that gives three gallons
ot these articles can be taken chargeof
well as essentially a womanly pursuit. ried to some distant room have two of milk per day is better than an
by the children and ,weaker mem-
-.L.-- plates heated and carry it, between average cow; but the value of the ,
bers of the family. Where there are
The Rule for Mince Meat.
them.-Our Grange' Homes. produce of both cow and will make Cook to- wattles and pine trees the youngsterscan
a large quantity. hardly worthy the attention of a man
gether'lour pounds of meat, using the The knitted undersleeves for which earn some money by gathering the who expects to grow 3,000 bushels of

lower part of the round, and two directions are given in another col gum from the first and gum-sandarach wheat by the end! of the season-and

pounds of suet until the meat is tender umn are a useful and almost; essential from. the other. They can grow mint, yet he finds that his wife makes more.

: Cooking the suet saves the trouble addition to the winter outfit. But ii sage, thyme, parsley, tarragon, marjoram profit from a dozen cows and filly

of chopping it. Cool in the waterin you haven't time to knit them, or no- balm, savory and other culinary hens during the year than he gets
which it cooked. the for Chri-tmas herds, which c ,n be dried in the shade,
was Chop body gives you a from his large fields of grain. Whyis
meat, add twice the amount of chopped take a pair of discarded stocking, rubbed off the stalks, and sold to butchers it thus ? Simply because the htns.

apples, and the suet which was taken cut off the feet and wear them on restaurant-keepers and others. I keep hying and the ,cows give ,theird

; \ a cake from the top ol the meat. your arm?. They will not fit as nice- know of one young woman who earned le oi milk every day for the greater
10 Add three of four the knitted, which have $zoo in one year from drying thyme
pounds sugar, poundsof ly as ones a part of the time, whilst he gets only
raisins seeded and cut into pieces, gusset at the elbow and are widenedto Uaves alune, and she did the cookingfor the one crop for all his labor. See-

three' pounds of currants, two cups of the shape of the arm, but they will a large family and attended to the ing, then, that these smaller items

molas-es, three quinces chopped fine, add a great deal of comfort especiallywhen other housework beside. Various kindsof make profit it is desirable that, we

one hall; pound of citron cut in small a flaring cape is worn. medicinal herbs, roots and the like. should give them some thought.
also be but it would be .
pieces, one-quarter ounce of cloves, > grown, -
one-half ounce each of cinnamon and As the weather grows colder don't better for the older, members to attendto Catarrh C Cured

mace, two grated nutmegs, one tea- nut on more and more skirts but dress this part.: Then there are certain I with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they
cannot reach the Feat of the disease ( atanli -
spoonful of black pepper and salt to with an equal distribution of warmth. kinds of perfume plants which mightbe is blood or constitutional disease,

taste. Add also ,the juice of five lem Buy some equestrienne tights, it is a grown if there is a distillery near and in order to cure it you must take internal -

ons and six oranges. Moisten this pity these comfortable garments haveno enough; also plants which produce es-' remedies Hall's Catarrh Cure is

mince meat with cider, allowing three better name, and wear them when- sential oils. Lavender, rose leaves and taken internally, and acts directly the

and cook the mixture one or ever going out of door for any lengthof tome others can be dried, packed tightly blood and mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is not a quack medicine. It
one and a half hours. Add a quart of time. One skirt, beside the heavy into bags and sent to Europe for saleto was prescribed by one of the best physicians

California brandy to help keep the dress skirt, is a'l any woman ought to the distilleries for perfumes. in this country for years and is a

mince meat, but, it should not be drag round under and it is all that the With regard to many products regular prescription. It is composed of

cooked with the meat. If this seems best dressed do"wear.. Capes are which might be mentioned, it will be the best tonics known, combined with the

and comfortable in but the said that the 1 tbor bestowed on their hest blood.l urifiere, acting directly on the,
too, much use less, some may many respects surfaces. The perfect combination -
choose to use more. t tTshiopable! length leaves: the belt line production would not be repaid in the mucous of the two ingredients is what produces

Formince pies line ,the plates with exposed. Many women wearing heavyfur price realized; for them. That is inch: wondeiful results in curing

plain! paste and .use either plain, or /pufl capes go round sniveling became doubtless correct if we had something Catal'1'h. Send for 1 tf'stimc ni als. free.F. .
where better do with time but it does J, CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.JSpSold .
paste for then top. If you"want a very right at the small of their backs: t to our ,
; ,
thick-pie put two rims between the up their corsets are more or less apart i not pay to do nothing, and the in- i by Druggists, 70c.t ... ,


Y '
n.1895x -

.. .. .. -- --- .-. ... .


-, .
*r *** F
f I' Florida Farmer and Fruit. Grower several hundred barrels being poured settle in, 'a compact body, if they wishto Waste of Corn Fodder.
; { ; into the river. Florida pine-land syrups? preserve their religious customs and

i 1 A Weekly Newspaper.published at 16 MainStreet are not always the best in the world ; their social 'atmosphere about them; Taking the estimates of the ,Department '
," ,i' Jacksonville. I they are very upeven in quality ; but and in fact, this is advisable for the of Agriculture as ,to the area

TttUMS OF SUJBSGBIPT1OM they have, when fairly well made, an family's sake, for women are prover- grown to, corn and, the per cent. of
I For One Year u...........................82.00< Louisiana colonists if taken waste of the corn fodder annually in
' Por Six Months...... ..........u...... ..... 1.00 advantage over the syrups, bially poor they are
In Foreign' Countries ..................-..... 3.00 in that, they spring from a mineral into an entirely strange communityand the United States, it appears that this
..Subscriptions in all cases cash in soil and have a better, purer saccha a condition more primitive than annual waste on the farms of the coun

,. advance. No discount allowed in club on) but one'sown to rine basis to'begin with. If the farmersof the one to which they have been try amounts to over $500,000,000.Just .
subscription(except a },
all agents a liberal cash commission will Florida will imprcve their advantages accustomed.The think of such an enormous wasteof

be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby they can place on the market a idea that men must dose them. one of the products of a staple crop.

them. Write for terms. line of canned syrups that will becomeas selves with bitters and quinine to Suppose that the farmers of the United'

To every new subscriber we will"Garden-send, famous and as much in demand as keep their force in the South is States were required to put their handsin
of Whitner's up
postpaid copy" the maple of Vermont. their pockets and throw away over
ing in Florida. For two new sub- syrups silly. There are aguish districts
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, here, especially where the soil is rich $500,000,000,annually I And yet thatis

postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange Reflections on "A Georgia Peach. with rotting vegetable matter: >> just as the equivalent of what is going on

Culture." The Rural New Yorker's interesting there are all through the West, and respecting one of the great staple pro-
Rates of advertising on application. articles on "A Georgia Peach" will make ducts of the farm. Save properly and
even the older East. If a man is so
made check
Remittances should be by ,
an excellent: advertifcing circular for the feed the corn fodder, and sell the hay
note. order or registered foolish as to settle in such locations
postal money real estate agent, and, if I am not mis- ,
for cash for it
brings a good price.-
fetter,to order of
: takenyou are planting thorns in many a without even waiting for the process of
Indiana Farmer.
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. man's: pillow. The tendency of such a acclimation, very likely he will haveto

Jacksonville' Fin. write-up, evenvheu accompanied well swallow bitters and quinine and Every year witnesses an immense ,

Weather in Jacksonville. proper cautions and warnings, is force his family to swallow them. waste ot corn fodder in Florida, greater"
illustrated by the widely.copied accounts
Week. Ending Dec. 9, 1895. of the success of one man at Deiiison, ,And the family of such a man are proportionately than in the States

a e bel Ii.= -dI'C.' .= Tex., or the Van Buren, Ark. strawberry to be pitied. But if he will use which produce a larger yield of grain
DATE cd d. .as H -= =III t as ;- culture, or the Missouri Olden Fruit judgment and settle in a wholesome per acre, because here it takes more
00 00 :g A )Z FIu'm. A few men do well, but nothing
-- - district, where the soil is largely min- stalks and more foliage to grow a
December 3... 40 45 54 39 J5 46 .00 is said of the many who unavailingly regret eral and not charged with recent bushel of shelled corn. It is true that',
December 4... 34 43 50 3Z 18 41 .00 their going :South.:-
December 5... 36 41 50 34 i6. 4z .00 A man iu the North, we will suppose, and unde posed vegetable deposits, the blades are' pulled from a part of
December 6.7..... 30 36 55 44 70 5 28 29 41 27 42 50 ''r has $2,000. Where he lives the wintersare he will have little or no trouble on the crop at least, but the husks are'-

December 8.... ,49 6t 74 4'' 29 {.o .co cold and, while he has a comfortable that score. let for months in the weather and'
December 9... 52 64 75 4'3 27 6z .co home, ho is not getting on as lie desires.He .
- There is no or lot of the National become nearly worthless,and the blades
reads these accounts of fruit- part .
Mean ........ 61 2'5 T
40 51 36 49 from the down also
-Total growing in the South. Discontent gets I domain<; east of the Rocky ear are practicallythrown

rainfall.A.. J. MITcnELL, Observer. hold of him, and, as fire starts up in his Mountains (excepting always those away. Then the cattle roam -
-- .. bones, gives him no rest, with the result ague districts in all latitudes, as abovementioned through the wire-grass and pine and-'*
CONTENTS.Peanut that he finally reaches the land of "won- ) where the Anglo Saxon palmetto, or stand doubled into half-'
derful.possibilities. He buys land and circles in the cold rain until they die'of
race cannot maintain itself in undi- ,
Culture; Sandy Soils; A Traveling plants trees. At first his letters home are
Cannery. ; How and What to Order for one sweet -song." The delightful winters minished" vigor if ordinary Anglo starvation, and the farmer calls it *

Planting ..... ..... .......... ............ 787 the mockingbirds, the strange ways Saxon intelligence is brought to bearin "white mouth," and pronounces it "a
Making Ferti'izer-The Extensive Establishment of the people and their unconventionallife the science of life. disease"! They simply starve to
of Messrs. Little Brother! .... 788 are charmingly pictured. By the end death, and their mouths are white for
Cassava! Queries; Some Sweet Potato Experiments of the first year his capital is all investedor Begging pardon for introducing a lack of blood.

; .Red,Rice ...... j................ 789 used up,and there is ,no return. He ,little personal experience, the ,writer
LIVE,SrocK-A,No-Fence Law Not Desira- now sees) that for general,farming his land will say that he came from a North. This summer there was an acre of"
ble; Remedies for Sanded Horses.... .... 790 has but little value, and he must wait ern State from a valley which has corn on our experiment farm whichwe
Economic Entomology........... ... .. .... 790 four or five years for fruit. If he can hold ,
POULTRY-Eight Hundred a Year Out of out for this time his fruit commands no now been'settled 107 years ; and yet had cut up and shocked in about'fortyhill

Five Hundred Fowls; Poultry Notes..... 79' price at home, and the markets are too its rich alluvial soil brought on nearly shocks. They were made-

STATE NEWS........e.. ..... ........... ...792 till': away for profit, unless he can ship by every fall, an attack of ague. He has thus small to insure their curing with ..
OUR RURAL HOME-Cleaning Black Silk; A the; car-load. Churches and school* are now lived eleven years in a low, wet out mold. As it was in the height of-.
Smell Fair;; The'Art of Wa hing..... .... 792, there; but somehow his family do not situation in the flatwoods, whose sandy the ""rainy season" and the field .a
The Rule for Mince-Meat: ; Dress f Winter; like them, and all are bitterly homesick.The .
Minor Industries....... ...........'.....793 [ old-time energy can be kept up only soil, though poor, is as healthfulas former cypress swamp, the water stood'on
EDITORIAL-Piue-Land Syrups; Reflectionson by big doses of bitters or quinine the can well be found on earth becauseof the butts of the shocks, and they

a Georgia Peach ; Waste of Corn Fod. mockingbird's song has lost its charm, its mineral character and its purity.In had to be hauled under cover before

der ......i........... .... .... ........... 794 md the man cannot get away. The rich all that time there has been no recurrence the fodder was cured enough to bear
MARKETS ; Oranges; The Enormous Potato may do as they please-a few thousand
of the In the eleven heavy bunching in barn. It
Crap .. .. ..-.......... ..........i. '.... ,.. 795 dollars loss does not affect them. But the ague. a was
Richness of the Peanut; What Careful man of small means will do well to look years he has done harder work and placed around so as to be nowhereover
Shipping is Worth ; The Extreme South ou the Georgia peach orchard as he looks more of it than in any equal period in three or four feet thick, and there

for Orange Culture; West Florida Pruta; on a picture of Venice-without intending the North. Every week in the year by escaped mold. The shocks did not .

"The Kola Nut..:..................,....... 79S to buy the city. -A. J. Berger, Indiana he plows makes fence, plants or shed all the rain, and the leaves were
Pa'rmTalks.. .......... .....; ........ .... 797 in Green's Fruit Grower. fruit
not should be still
prunes trees, gathers lays tiling as bright as they ; ,
Brevard's Pineapple Industry; The Way to! It is the misfortune of the lower
atCandy .... .... ...... ........ 793 South bi made the anything in fact, necessary to be it is eaten up clean, even to the "thimbles"
to : subject of extreme -
', done on a well-managed farm, except (sheaths)$ by a Jersey cow,which,
'Pine Land Syrups.It statements, both of commendation digging stumps and mauling rails. If is well-fed with .cotton-seed meal and

is a well known fact that grapes and of condemnation. It oughtto there has been any abatement of the green rye, and is staked out on a Ber
grown on low, rich, alluvial soils do be a sufficient answer to the above and muda ,
willingness the capac'ty to work rowen during the day. Now,
not make as good wine as those grown strictures that a very large proportionof here is
he has not been aware of it. a saving of everything-all the
on drier and more gravelly or sandy the peach orchards of Georgia and
leaves husks silks
With some people the atmosphereof even the sheaths-
hillsides; The low land grapes makea the orange groves of Florida were
Florida does seem to be more con nothing left but the bare canes. The
wine which has an earthy taste, and planted and brought up by colonists ducive to a bilious habit, than is the grain is sound and hard and clear of
which is destitute of the subtle flavor (from the North. It is" true that the weevil
case in latitudes further north. But except a very few ears which
and bouquet of the wines made from i successful management and marketingof who outside of the
there are very few people cannot were shocks, apparently.
upland grapes. For the same reason, fruit crops so far South requires by a morning draught of lemon juice

probably-the excess of vegetable peculiar skill, and that many men much diluted in water, overcome all .

matter in the soil-the rich and rank make a failure on that account. But this and go their meals and their The machinery for the Muck Com

soils of the Mississippi river bottomsdo they would be just as likely to make a work with the unquestioning appetiteof pany dredge has arrived and is being

not produce as fine cane juice as failure in the North if they set about i a Georgia mountaineer. placed in order, and will soon be ready
the poorer sandy soil of the piney raising fruit and vegetables under'i' I for work. The machinery for the

woods. Louisiana molasses is coarse, wholly novel conditions and shipping -. .-.- Ii i factory has also arrived, and in a very

dirk and rank: when compared with them a thousand miles or more to Six or eight hands have been pick- short time will be ready for operation.

t the article produced from upland soils. market. ing and thrashing out Waldron's Work on the factory building and

The Louisiana planters find so little The idea that the climate and the bean crop the past week. Mr. Wai- drying shed is being pushed as,rapid.

demand for their low-grade syrups society of the South unman the immigrant dron has received orders from California ly as possible. This is a big thing for

that they have seriously consideredthe and unnerve his family is babyish as well as from other parts of this I Inverness and vicinity, and the pay. ..

question of using them for stock or womanish, or both. It is State for his coffee beans.-Halifax roll now amounts to about $1.500 per

feed, and last year we read of a lot of always open to Northern colonists to i I Journal. month.-Inverness Chronicle. '
'. .t ...
; .a


-- -

-. -1''': J :' f'. ': ,': '' ,
; .". ,, I' .. .,. ." .


189&;': THK FLORIDA PABMTO jaw FBtTIT-G1ilOwzR. 706flarkets.
'I .
: : f reeh% but art generally old and common, I THE i
and a range of J 1.00 to 1.50> has covered ?

nio 1: Hales, some very poor lower awl l a '

j**..." few best'iirnrks 1.7501'higher. Tomatoes FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA
k. have arrived more freely and have met a .
FRUITS ,AND PRODUCE. v.-ry good outlet at 1.50 to 2.50. Cabbages ,
i', Corrected by Marx Bros. and Island J"ACKSONVIItLE.:
Jersey: Long per 100,
/..These are average quotations. Extra choice: 8.00 to 4.0U; State, per 100, 2.00 to 3.00. The Oldest National
Bank in the Stat
lots lots fetch sell lower.prices above top quotations, while poor Cucumbers: Florida per crate, 1.00 to .

Grape ,s-lb basket....... .z 0 I 2.50. Egg-plant Florida, per barrel,2.00 CHARTERED, 1874.. CHARTER EXTENDED 1894.'
Oranges, 3.75104.00 to 3 50; per half(carrel box 75( to 1.50. ,
Lemons, Messina '3.w> I Lettuce New Orleans barrel By conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved. the,highest reputation for solidity, .
per to -
Apples ... ..3.ooto 3 25 strength and ability to meet legitimate demands. ,
English Pas bu. 7.00: Southern per basket, 2.00. I We buy and fell foreign and domestic exchange on the most,. favorable terms, drawing our.own,
Peas.. ,,Clay bushel 1.25Whippjorwill Okra Florida, per carrier crate 2.50 to drafts on nil parts of the wot Id. '

.. Lady............... 2.10 135 3.00 ; New Orleans:, }per box, 1.00 to 1.50. favors We'shall invite at a all visit!times or correspondence receive intelligent looking and careful toward attention business relations, assuring you- that your.

.. Blackeve..... ..... 1.50 Onions, Orange county while per barrel '
1.00 to 1.5li JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY .
rowneye i. 5Cocoanuts ( ; Orange county red, per barrel -

Peanuts best.. 4ft. 400 105 65 to 85c. ; Orange county yellow, per President. Cashier.

Cabbage. N.'Y each .07 barrel I, 1.00 to 1.12. Green peas, Florida, Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
Potatoes, New York, 160 per crate, 1.00 to 2.00. Peppers, green,
'' racks ...... 1
3 Florida barrel 1.00
Onions bbl 2.00 per to 4.00. String
sacksRg 1/5 beans, Charleston, per bushel basket, 50(!.
s,......;..: ._....... ....-. .18 to 2.00; Florida, per. crate, 75c. to ]1.6"i. CHOICE: : A. KTo. 1

VEGETABLES AND 1'OULTRY. Tomato s, Florida, per carrier, 1.50 to
2.50 per crate, 1.5:! to 2.25.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson
I. Brown Trees
Sweet Yellow Potatoes Yams ..35 to .30.40 Oranges.P. Orange

Hubbard squash, 1.5 Iluhlman &; Co., report : We reccivetl -
Lettuce doz. .*. .15 to .30 our first consignment of Florida
Celery, Kalamazoo.............-. -35 t .5. ulangesanI grapefruit t ,..lav. B th are E'OE! S..ALE.:
Egg Plants 1.50 to 2 10
vny fancy and large. Will have. car,of
Tomatoes, crates.J.cotoa 50
Sweet,Pepper bu .i ooto i 50 fancy oranges: due here by next Thursday Grape Fruit, Lemon and Seedless Grape Fruit
Okra, hu. 5oto2 and a number of cars to follow fir
Green' Beans crate no demand.. to ..60v the balance of this month. Our fn t All trees srr wn on stock in Florida that wtS not injured by the Cre z.. Hu Is from 3 to 6 feet
Pea14.rteM...... ......... .... 1.0010150 >: :
Turnips! bunch, no demand,.. .. to ...6 cars: flf> California navels sire here about straight and well grown. Als i choice Ab' aka and Goldei Quten Pineapple, suckers, 1510 inc es.
Pumpkins, each...o.s! to .10 the 13th instant Oranges of all kinds aatisfactio a guaranteed. Correspondence solicited, or call on
Kershaws, each.... ...... ......... 05 to .10
Parsley,per d.,z. bunches :>to .30 have sold well this week. GEO.
Green onions;per doz. bunches....... .15 to .2; The Earl Fruit Company says: Our H. WRIGHT,
Pepper,hot bushel,. 1.00 people have taken orders for over 100cars ORLANDO FL.A.
Sage well cured Ib .I5 to.20
Lima Beans, shelled, qt, .15 of California orancrps-nearlv all
Hens., _.3to .35 Washington Nd.'l'lfI..e. have orders for
.-....-..-. .25 half as many more if we make the shipments HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE
Broilers...........1510.25 .
Turkeys, per pound,gross........:_. .toDucks to suit, but we are unable at this
.2510.35 minute to offer anything for shipment
Geese'" .. .. to 40 earlier than the 20th of December. GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS
New: Beets, per too:! none .50 to .00
Brothers We have made
Lyon report
WaterCress.'perdoz. bunches ... 35to .50
Cauliflower doz............ ..... ...10010150 arrangements to receive daily shipments, .
Ceekt'perdoz bunches. .>5 which November 25
from to
bu 2.00 began one -OS-Farmers, and Truckers are requested to send for my ntce-1ist of Pield ard.Garden Seed

Scuppernotigs Raai hes. pcr. doz... .... ..15 two cars of choice and fancy Washington 1.000 bushels Texas Rfd Ru...t-pro >f Cats, 75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25' cents per'
Cucumbers: crdte...;-.. 1.50 to 2.00 navel" oranges from the large independent pou .id; Rescue Grass, 30 cents per pound. -
-. t packing houses. Some of them were

: New. York Markets. iu the exchange combine last year. We' P. F. WILSON SEEDSMAN
? f
" < Oranges. buy at f. o. b. prices Riverside, and so
long as the Southern California Fruit ,
Two cars California oranges have ar- Exchanges do not consign to this marketto
rived'of which sales! were made at quota- GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA.
be sold on commission or a auction, we
ti nrf ; more in transit" Several Jot of
will continue buying at f. o. b. prices
Florida fruit have lately arrived and a
California, but the moment the Exchanges -
few hundred boxes are looked for for the
con igu and l sell a car at auctionour
holiday trade The quality is irregularbut will be null turd void.
arrangements: SEED POTATOES.
some of it choice and
very good
obtainable for such. Twenty cars in private hands bought:; f.
prices are
b. will box. and
bring more
money per
Florida choice [ 5.00 to
to fancy. bright
will demoralize the market less than fivecal'
6.00 ; fair to good, 4.00 to 5.00. California sold at auction..
navels 5.00 to 5.50 seedlings, 3.25 to 3.50.
; I + 1
Grape. fruit, Florida, 4.00 to 5.50. The Enormous Potato Crop. Prepare Now MR Your Spring Crop.

No improvement whatever is noticed

Receipts, domestic, for the week, 55- in the white potato market. The market i
633 barrels. is still tremendously glutted and the receipts -

i .Sweet) potatoes J have arrived sparinglyand keep pouring in, with no apparent Our stock of choice] selected seed stock of Irish Potatoes is now on hand.,_ and

,have m.\t .a. good outlet at steady l prospect; of a cessation Some of the reedy: for delivery. EF" Buy this month and get the best.
prices until Thursday when some weakness dealers ext\>rees the opinion that severeweather

developed a very dull trade, is the only thing which can im- Think that the common stock: of potatoes sold by local merchants

and while prices have not materially declined prove market conditions. but others do 3 D M E PEOPLE L often the culls of the Maine and Nova Scotia crops,
jffered to the growers as seed stock will produce as good crops
giuce then outride quotations have not think that anything can make the 13 stlected seed stcck. Plain common sen..e shout* teach them
been more extreme and only possible:!: in potato market firm for weeks'! to come. bel tel''. You can no more net a fin.class potato crup. from
a small way at the close. The |potato cron, of this year has been such poor mixed ,lock than you can get a pure-blooded Jei sey call from a scrub cow. .

Cabbage in moderate demand and steady one of the must J.phenomenal ever kno vu. -

Celery has been in liberal supply, Approximately, it has been e.-timaied: ataoooOOoon

but fdncy large stock has been quite scarce : bushels, or nearly 50 per cent i 'Is the best and earliest potato for Southern planters that
and HUcli; is firm; small and defective, larger. than last: year. In consequence of First t Laurel I 'we hive ever een. O e of our customers hays; : *I con
I t cider your FIKVT LAUKKL; in the lead if all early
which includes a large quantity more 01 the large crop many Pennsylvaniafarmers
12-potatnes. It is a strong grower, of fine table quality, and
lefrf discolored by frost works. out very have been offering their potatoesfor : . . . . .rrlhe hills are full of them." ,
slowly at.low 1i UI'es. Florida cucumbers: 10 cents per bushel.
in light supply, and steady for choice; Along Duck street this vegetable is -

poor neglected. Choice egg-plant an now bringing from 25 cents!:! per bushel
scarce, most arrivals being) defective, and up. A well.known fruit man expressedto : PRICES FOR DECEMBER AND JANUARY:

while 3.00 to 3.50 is readily obtained fir the writer: an opinion that, at this VARIETY. PECK. BUSHEL. BARREL. TKN-BARREL I OTS.

the best grades, some do not brim freight price, potatoes wei'U'al uuble property would PirstLaurel..... .... ............ ........ ......... .6 175 4.00 3.75
charges There has been no Southern .and any man who stored a quantity Karly Sunrise ...... .. ...... ... ............... .50 .75 4.00 ... .

l lettuce in,and the tittle from! 'New Orleans undoubtedly make money on them. Beauty of Hebron ...... .... .......... ......... .5 i-75 3.75 3-!

has sold promptly higher, )prices. "Florida There: does not seem: to bo the slightest: EarlyRo-e...... .. .................. .... ., ...... .5 175 3.75 3.50.<

okra in good demand and firm at prospect t of a diminution in the receipts will HarlyPuriian? ...... ...... .... ...... .... .......... 6o 1.75 4.00 ......

2.75 to 3.00 for choice. String beans were uowever: but while higher prices Dakota Red.... ............... ............. ..... .50 1,75 3.75 3,50-
i iscarccly
in fair supply from Charleston: early in probably prevail sometime later, there Rural New Yorker No. a...... ................ ...... 60 1,75 400 3.75
the week and while common sold as low any prospect of any immediate *

asp 1.00; 'to 1.50, the best lots were readily 'advance. as tin total crop} will allow five #::S- Our Annual Catalogue will he ready the latter part of December and will be mailed to al

placed at 2.011 to 2.25 and occasionally imshels for every man, woman and childin our old customers and to anyone who applies, FREE.
2.50 per basket; Fiiiluy, however, the the country. The potatoes on the
arrivals. were nil more or less frozen market are good) quality, but tho demand
with many lots entirely worthh-ss, and aloes!. nut seem to be increased to a very H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Seedsmen,

any reasonable offer accepted since to great extent Philadelphia Grocery r
clean up. Florida beansleave-arrived; World. .:.;.; L BB r INTERLADHEN, FLA.




'' Ii


___ _

II Richness of the Peanut. to a statement recently publishedthat I i produce in the greatest abundance.. -

r Although the experiment made ,with the orange trees of these countiesare I Truly West Florida is a land of happiness ,

i peanut meal and biscuits as food for "s rubs" in comparison with the and plenty. A Kentuckianwithtwo ( I I .

the German army was not so.successful trees of Lake (which by the way are years' experience in that part of( r ,f 1

: as to induce the authorities to all dead and mostly turned into fire- the State, said :, Tell all who know ,: JJt.Ui JJJL -,

adopt it as a part of the rations, still wood). One' tree in Lake will growas me that they are making a great mistake :rJ..t. : ,,,. : ; .:

i analysis has shown conclusively that big as two in Biscayne or Manatee.If 'in not coming to West Florida. NO erase OF SEASOH

i it is.a most nourishing food for man, you plant a grove in these southern Say to those who are renters that they known to the Page. It Is ono continual Rprlnx
; from the time it I s put up until tno purchaser! ba.sno
r a.nd as compared with other well counties and, after three years plant never can be anything else on high. further use for fence.

i known forms of vegetable and animal another in Lake, five years later the priced: lands, and to those who own PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, Mich.

food it has a high nutritive value., Lake county grove will show finer small (farms that they can come here .o!>

.During the years between 1861 and trees and a bigger crop. But these and make a fortune in a few years, I ..rjO.. c;-M Jr '
1865 peanut oil was manufactured by lands are good for guavas and pineap- can make more money here in fruits- FERTILIZEECONOMICALLY

at least four mills in the Southern ples and vegetables. We pause be- in raising cattle and hogs, and fatten-,
fore the audacity of this man. Whata ing them than the
States and used as a lubricant by rail can most experi-
roads for locomotives, by wool and mark he would make in the Spanish enced breeders and farmers of any of PROFITABLY. AND EFFECTIVELY Cit
cotton> spinners for their spindles, and press service. Did he know that beginning the Northern States." =

by housewives instead of lard as short- with a tree which bore 10,000 ....... OF SODA

bread and The oranges in a single season, one ot'a 1 Nearly all fertilizers are Ineffective because
ening pastry. The Kola Nut. Y they contain too little MTROGEN ("ammo-
in large grove of similar trees, we can nia") and this little in an Insoluble form.
cake eaten living
was by many Add a little NITRATE OF SODA to the e and
show by the thousands sort and will be f'
the'-vicinity of the mills, and was very every the result astonishing.A
of by those who used it size of tree ? Did he know that our The kola nut, which found its ori- / PAMPHLET FREE e :rJ1, *
highly to use nitrate, and how to buy and use fertilizers
this gin in Central Africa and which has .,
as a palatable and nutritious food for Manatee orange crop season was most economically. Address
worth $85,000 and next will be $175 become famous throughout the worldas S. M, Harris, Moreton Farm(CP.0.),New York

man.The following is a comparison made 000, while the crop of Lake is not an an invaluable addition to medical .Lc? ;- c'e' .. &>' &>' .

by Professor Koenig, based on the !, orange this year-not an orange next science, is to be introduced on the .........................................
Has he
? three steamers east coast.
year seen
of the following
price,in Germany \
twelve principal foods reduced to daily loaded to the guards with vegetables The kola tree grows to a height of QUICK WORK

"units of nutrition ? But the Commercial says about forty feet, and one tree has been ,
: : that "others who have the. In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
Comparison of'the nutrliire value and cost of inspected known: to produce a crop of from 500 stables shipped to us is our motto. Wli

..,.... twelve principal foods. South concur," and remembering the to 800, pounds. Each pod generally GIVE GOODS: SENT U* BY GROWERS :
NutritIveost: per sad fate of Sodom and Gomorrah we contains four seeds, fifty of which BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby

> units _,too units do not wonder that the vast orange will make, one quart, or one and one our 40 years experience without defaultuig -
per pound in cents. a dollar. Enquire} as to our standing
groves of Lake were frozen in night. quarter pounds, which is sold at $1.25per and financial'stability which any bank or c
Skim.mi1k..;..'..;....... 98.2 10.4Skim.milkcbeese. Our explorer has returned to Lake and merchants having mercantile reports can C*
..... 870.0 11.0 pound upwards.The verify-then try us-WK BEUhVE OUR -
Full milk................ 14.5 11.5 and it is well. He may recover. METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
Bacon.......:.. .... ..... 1.27..7 IS.S first fruiting occurs five years your name for our quotations. Stencil and
Butter......... .........: 1,186:3: 20.4 county may. from planting, but the maximum yieldis cards fne. Letters promptly answered.
Veal...... .............. 25.9 22.2 ..4I .
Beef.......... ... ;..... 530.9 26.0 West Florida Fruits. not reached until the ninth or tenth FRENCH & CO.
t13............ 778.6 4.2 ,
.Potatoes.................... J38.2' 51.
f Rye flour................. 603.6 6.0 A correspondent of the Louisville year.The tree flourishes in moist hot 116 Warren St, New York.
Rice.... .............. 534.6 100 ,
Peanut'merl. .... .......... 1,425.0 3.0 (Ky.;) Industrial American thus records lands, at or a little above sea level. : E ESTABLISHED 1855.

...;:.U.: S. Government Bulletin. his visit to West Florida : The medical properties' of kola are

.0-v "We were shown young vines, only. many and of the greatest value to .

two years old last spring, that were medical science.
What Careful Shipping Is Worth. Bradley lledfleld. Eugene D. Redfleld.
laden with the highest quality of mar The great value of kola is due to 1871.
( Mr. L. 'Loterzo, representing the ketable fruit. The clusters compared the presence of certain alkaloids, theo- REDFIELD & SON,
Toledo, 0., fruit dealer, A. Levaggi, 'with and caffeine with
favorably those of the }best grape bromine together
i is in town superintending the shipment regions around the great lakes of the the new'and powerful principle knownas Commission MerchantsAND
carloads of from
of two oranges North, numbering from ten to fortyto kolanin. -

the Tyler & Lightfoot grove on Palma the vine, and netting the growers The.stimulating,and sustaining pow-
Sola This dealer has consideredit
bay. five cents per pound. The peach ers of coffee and cocoa are well known, Fruit Auctioneers, twice send
a profitable trees exceeded anything that we had and kola contains,not only a large percentage 141 Dock Street,,Philadelphia, la.
his the United
agent. across States, ever seen.. They were loaded with all of their characteristic alkaloidsbut We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
first to see the crop purchased a.nd either at private sale (which has heretofore been
the fruit that they could mature the :: also kolanin, whose physiologicaleffects
it and our custom) or by the auction system (recently
again to see properly packed
weight in many cases causing the : are more powerful and lasting ,added to our business) as you may desire..
follow it and des
on steamer cars to branches to touch the ground. Trees than either caffeine or theobromine,
tination. Loterzo instances
Mr. relates
two years old last May were yielding while at the same time it is free from FOR RENT.
where has into
he sections.1 gone from which peach-pro-the fruit about three pecks, netting the growers the objections urged against cocaine. THE ALGONQUIN HOTEL,
about $175 per acre, while trees from In view of these deductions, there-
arrived in such order be At St. Augustine.
poor as to four to six years old were netting fore, kola must be accepted as a valu
and its furnished. Apply to G. S. Meaerve
valueless Completely
by superintending .
almost three times as much. These able addition to our materia medica. St.Augustine, Fla.
loading on cars and giving personal calculations do not allow for the cost Because of its sustaining'powers .

attention to the ventilation of the cars of gathering and packing, an estimateof kola is used by the natives when long- FOR SALE.

while in transit. has brought the entire THE OCEAN VIEW HOTEL '
which is difficult to make, as most continued exertion is demanded and ,
lot .into market in condition.
good of it is done by boys and girls living little food obtainable ; hence we are At St. Augustine.

This .Toledo.:buyer? for ,instance, pays on the plantation. The large profits :led to believe that this peculiar prop. Completely furnished.! Right on the Bay.
$1,250 for( his fruit( $200 to put it on will Rare Bargain Apply to Capt. W. S. M. BukhamSt.
made result in the planting of an .erty is similar to that of cocoa. Thatit .
the wharf and Augustine or toCHAPIN
$375 freight, yet con increased acreage, but if, the present lessens tissue waste is shown by the
siders it further : FARM AGENCY
profitable to expend ,
prices shall be cut in two, or even in ;diminished excretion of urea.
$250 that this small purchase may be ( 3-23-tf St. Augustine, and Boston.,
be circu-
four they larger than those The effect of kola upon the
under his agent's eye from the tree to obtained by the grain or tobacco lating system is that of a tonic stimulant -

the warehouse. These oranges cost, I growers in the Northern States." In ,the pulse being increased in FRUIT TREES. -;
him box in Toledo and he '
$4.15 a yet conclusion FOR
this statement is made : strength and frequency. '
forsees a good profit on the transac- "In addition to the fruits, we saw The kola tree resembles somewhatthe SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.

tion. This firm invariably buys, never large fields of corn that yield from chestnut. Despite the fact that it Write for Catalogue and price list
solicits and this
be, sort of\people River twenty to forty bushels to the acre; prefers the moist climate of the coast, JENNINGS' NURSERY. CO.,

eJ1couraged.-l\Ianate ribbon-cane plactus, (from which Flor. it has been found 500 miles in the in 1'ho1T1RavlI1A'Oa. ..

Journal.! : -.f ida syrup is made; upland rice for terior.

The Extreme South for Orange stock, yielding from fifty to sixty As Florida possesses the only soil SAWMILL

Culture. bushels of grain and from two to in the United States that is suitablefor FARMER'S works successfully ,

The, Braidentown Journal vigorously three tons of straw; sorghum for stock this product there seems to be great i Grinding with 4,11., PI.Mills.also I

combats the idea that the extreme feed; chufas for hogs, which will (fatten wealth in store for the its in and Water Wheels "

lower counties are not well (from three to tour hogs to the acre; troduction among the colonies on the DeLoaoh Mill Mfg, .Co,.,. ., ,('

adapted for orange culture. It refers sweet potatoes, and all other garden southeast coast. 323 Hlghland/Ave., Atlanta, Qa.r .


.. -:-. = ___.= '-'A __.
4 u




where else and when I asked him
Farm Talks. ,
I j
where; telling him the (farmer in the e e .e -

G., W. HASTINGS., North was getting but twentyfivecents
The One
Jones-Neighbor Smith, there has a bushel for his potatoes, and Crop System I

thousands of barrels of apples the

been running in my mind a fable of an past (fall had been sold for thirtyfivecents c farming gradually exhausts the land, unless a Fertilizer containing a :
old clock which I read l heard in
or ; that the Kansas farmer was sell- high percentage of Potash ,is used. Better crops, a better soil, and a 1:

my Smith-And boyhood. have \ ing his corn for 12}4 cents a bushel larger bank account can only then be expected. e I

you got an appli- and was using it (for fuel because it illustrated book. 'It
Write for our "Farmers' Guide, a 142-page i
cation of it, too, to Southern farming?
JOnes-Yes: ;' I think it has an appli- was cheaper than coal; that the celery is brim full of useful information for farmers.' It ,will be sent free,and
in Michigan had their '
cation to at least tome of our farmers growers crops will make and save you money. Address, *o
damaged or destroyed by an October
and truckers. blizzard that rivers had been dried GERKMN KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street,New:York.
; up
Smith-Let have it then. An illustration
sometimes us has the effect to- by prolonged drouth, and wells) were o e e _

without water in many parts of the ,
more forcibly teach a truth than a plain
country, I suggested that he had bet- JOHN L. MARVIN

statement ot fact. consider\ whether he was not jump, President. ,

Jones-Well, then, here goes. A ing "out of the frying into the H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, _

clock, which had stood for fifty yearsin fire." pan Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

a farmer's kitchen without giving its CAPITAI1 $100,000.
Smith-Did that set him to think-

owner any trouble, one night suddenly ing? '' r

stopped, which caused consternation THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK :
Jones-I think it did. The fact is
among its several parts. The wheels ,
farming is becoming a struggle for
exclaimed "What's the ?" And
life with most farmers, and for a competency ,
the dial exclaimedVhat's the
plate : J
with the best of them. Fruit Respectfully solieits Deposits, Collections and Genera
matter.? The second hand, the minute .. I
can no longer be raised in the North
Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
hand the hour hand all exclaimed
without spraying and fertilizing. The -
"What's thematter?" Th pendulum
ground no longer produces INVITED.
replied, "I'll tell you what's.the matter.In .
without liberal manuring. The com-
tick tacks DIRI OTORFJ s
my .tick.tacks, to night
the occurred to how petition is every year becoming John L. Marvin, A. B.: Campbell. Chas. Marvin, _"
thought me,
many greater, and ,intelligence is becoming H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. ,B. Archibald,
1 would have to back and
times swing necessary to profitably farm in almost Judge E. Mi Randall. C. B. Rogers. W. M. Davidson
forth in the next twenty-four hours. Or Robinson.. John E. Hartrldffia.
of the Then in
any part country. .-.
Perhaps some of my co-partners up ------- -- - ------- -- -------- -
staple we are more
there the, the dial could tell ? crops every year
on me
and more coming into competitionwith
The minute hand
being quick at fig- foreign countries. ,

immediately. replied,8 .400 times. i
Smith.Yes and I see by the
; papers 011s: FLORIDAi
the And
Exactly, replied pendulum.
that more colonies are projected from ..
then when I thought ot the days, the JACKSONVILLE.
the North to the South the
weeks and the years, the amount of present CAPITAL, '- '$50,000. or
year than ever before, the members
work I had do overwhelmed
to me,
thereof taking the chances of acquir- H. ROBINSON, President. W.J. HAKKISHEIMEK, Vice-Pres.
the conclusion that I .
came to WM' ,
ing experience in farming on different :
would The old clock
stop. hearingthis
lines than they have been accustomedto.
complaint of the pendulum, said: DIRECTORS : :

, I was on the point of striking; I will Jones.-I told him that the'principal H ROBINSON, J. HILDFBRANDr, P. E. McMURRAY,
I speak, however. Do you not know W.J. HARKISHEIMER: PHILIP WALTKR, R. H. LIGGETT,
obstacles to success in southern J. A. HENDERSON; C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN
this foolishness the farmer'swife
that by
is likely to be behind hand with farming would right themselves, or Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay-

that it was in our power to remedy ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on
her breakfast, and the farmer and his
them. Such for instance as transpor-I Savings.
hands belated to their work? Do you '
tation, commission, and the infamous
not know,.Mr. Pendulum, that if you :
\ hog\and cattle laws our statute '
have tick times in minute upon FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
to sixty a you
books. It rests with the people to
minute do it in and with
have a to so I
send men to the legislature who will .
minute in the
each following twenty-
not legislate for a class that pay but An Incorporated Home Association of Orange G rowers marketing Florida Fruit to the
four hours? The pendulum was so one-third of the taxes. We can cease best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL. $300.WO. .
agitated at this rebuke that it could : BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and 'paper on
growing crops that require heavy order. Write for price list and terms.
not stand still, and as it began to move' OFFICERS .
-: :-
transportation cost: and such as
it naturally struck into the gait, grow GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
can be made into pork, beef and ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l! Mgr and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary. ;.
j and its tick-tack was heard by the And the Cubans DIRECTORS-Geo. It. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill Bradford Co.' Dr. E. E. Pratt
j wheels and they began to move which'poultry. just now or HillsboroCo.: John Fabyan Lake Co.: Hy Crutche, Orange Co..; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
, their Spanish rulers seem to be forc- J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady. Brevard Co.; F. ,ti. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. VH,llyer,
; started the second hand, which moved Marion Co.; .John M. Bryan, Osc-eola Co.; W. E.'Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S.Moreman St.
! hand hour hand followed ing upon us the growth of tobacco. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck; Polk Co. p, : ;
minute the
the People will chew and smoke, and Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville Fla 0 Stencila,
j suit, and soon the old clock was with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application '. .
Florida may as well have the benefitof -

i at,its regular work. it. The fact that large quantitiesare
Smith-What was the moral of this JOHN CLARK SON & CO. '
already grown here and used and :
j fable ? sold as Havana tobacco indicates the

I !k., Jones-I have forgotten the moral, adaptation of soil and climate to its Grocers and Commission MerchantsDEALERS

i :" if it had one, but, as I said before, I production.

i ":_ think it has an application tp the pres Smith. Have further

you any application IN
I ; ent times, or at least to some of our
; of the fable?

: ,, Southern farmers. Jones.-Yes. In its further appli- Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, I

':7 Smlth--'Vell, go on. cation the southern farmer has in
Cigars Tobacco Etc.
"' ,
< Jones-I heard Brown, perched on the face of difficulties, the advantageof .. .

I 'C: a dry goods box( at the corner store time in maturing his crops, and in Jac,1 son.'v ille, Flo1.ida.. '. ;L ::
*the other day saying that with the \ ;
duplicating them if destroyed.He ..
.'V:frosts. and the drouths, the range cat- has sunshine and rain in greater PRICE-LISTOF'\NHISKIES: .

tle and the hogs the high transportation abundance than in any other part of RyU.t 50 CABINET BOURBON.... ,.,.......,...'. .];>16 oo
,.' and commission rates, the sala- the PARKER.......................I 75 ]. MARTIN RYE.-....................... 300
country.He ORANGE VALLEY.................. ....oo 3 oo VIRGINIA GLADES..i........,..,........ 4 oo
:" manders and the insects, together has the choice of more varied SPRING VALLEY......... ................. 35 OI.D BOURBON.................... ..... 5-00
BALTIMORE CORN .... ............,..,..200 KKNTUCKYSOUR MASK......,......,.. S 00
/ with the low prices, he thought that productions. If oranges fail, he has NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............. 250 OLD BAKKR..... ... '.................,... 500
the Southern farmer might as well the farm products, that will make cat- CLIFTON CLUB........ ...... ........... 300, MON PROSE VELVET: RYE................,... $ 00

', quit the business. I asked him what tle and and the industries two gallon three ll Remit
; hogs poultry, new JUGS EXTRA; One gallon 250; 5005; B. Remit by post-office
he would do? tobacco canaigre ramie money order check,or registered J letter.. Weccannot, ship C. O. with order. .
A complete price-list of Groceries: and Wine List sent free on application. '.
.Smith-And what did he 'say? etc., ,etc., that will ever have an increasing ., ... .. : '

*' Jones-He said he would go some- demand. JOHN CLARK, SON &,. CO,
-"" -
t. .



-- -- : :;-M.... -- .....:; '.:':=-



_. f

,South will grow "what other : be understood in speaking of these I : ',

parts of the country cannot, or at a wages and business that I refer to'the GRAPE &

season when they cannot grow them.It pineapple business as that is the principle Largest Stock In the
j is'X'wise; : provision of the, Creator industry of this section. Every- hew World red Small Rcket Fralte.Uflo"eberry", Introducer k Vnv of(unrivalled'urrant. ;
tnat"any'good is acquired! with diffi thing was moving along satisfactorilyuntil tJ e/rc.. t e.-'ulll.e1.Ya.FredoDla.' \.Y.{ ; :!
culty. It is necessary to the develop- the 'freeze of last February calleda
ment of the individual. The fittest, halt in the proceedings. From THE IMP VICTOR I
the.fuosf.vigil: will succeed, and the green fields of fine pineapple plants
character ot the race will be advanced. just putting on their blooms, we were i

.Smjth. In harmony with what reduced to a dismal sight of brown INCUBATOR
you 4 __ Hatches Chickens
by Steam
have just said, let me read you what ; stubble with no ves'ige-of green or indication -- Absolutl'IY..eIC.reaalatln.. ''I
P. B. Crosby says in the Rural New of life, everything instantlycame Usta- : and The cheapest simplestmost first-clasa Hatchet reliable ) f j,
Yorker, which with a little adaptationto to a standstill. Men who had logos 4oenta, GEO.ERTEL&CO..Qu1ucJ'.W.In the market. Circulars free, i I,
the products of the South is worthyof invested their all in a few acres of ii i

attention. He says : "It seems to pineapples looked upon their fields in 1831 THE CULTIVATOR 18961
me that we farmers never get at the dismay. There was a solemn look -AND- ; ; !
real meaning of our work. We are throughout the country that would
in direct partnership with our Creator have been a credit to conscience nUNTRY ENTLEMAL (
whenever we plant a seed. How few stricken 'aldermen, it looked as if ) '
there would be a panic and a stam- THE BEST OF THE
of us realize it We take the rain
and matters of course, pede. There was no employer and AGRICULTURAL WEEKLIES,
and never give them a "thou ht. consequently no employee. Grits* DEVOTED TO
When we plant a seed, what won. I and fish were being discussed as the Farm Crops and Processes, I
derful transformation takes place ? proable articles of diet. Time dragged Horticulture and Fruit-Growing,
The dead seed becomes a living slowly-on and beneath a tropical sun Live-Stock and Dairying,
plant. The great, Chicago Fair had and: from under the dead leaves of our While it also includes all minor departments of.
Rural interest, such as the Poultry Yard, Ento-I
nothing within its bounds that equals: pineapples a green shoot was seen to m ogv, Bee Keeping, Greenhouse and Grnpeiy,
this trans'ormation protrude ; examination; proved it to bea Veterinary Replies Farm Questiofsand! Ans-wers.
; yet we never giveit
Fireside ,
I Domestic
Heading : Economy a Mimmaryof -
a thought. pineapple sucker ; further investigation the News 01 theVetk.. Its Murket litpmiM .- ;
revealed the fact that others were are unusually complete, and much Atten-
Then let us look at the other side
: tion is paid to the Pru ptcts of the Crops as
The whole world is dependent uponus coming and there was much rejoicing; throwing light upon one of the most! importantof ;,
all questions-When to Buy and When to Sell.It .
for its food.Ve are the key- everyone was out looking for suckers is liberally illustrated and contains more reading -
and they were not disappointed things matter than ever before The subscription
stone ot the arch, or rather the Inundation ;
pricis $i but offer SPECIAL
50; per year we a
and when we cause a Held of were not so bad as they looked ; our REDUCTION In our :
wheat to be where, without our work, spirits rose ; we went to work, bought CLUB RATES FOR 1896.
there would be only weeds, it does ertilizers, gave the idle negro a job Two Subscriptions, in one remittance ....$ 4
not mean merely so many bushels 01 (at $1.25 per day) and to-day we challenge Six Subscriptions, .* '" .... 10
when, but bread for people who, the State to show anything that Ten Subscriptions, .... 15 .
with Brevard county in the r To all NEW subscribers for 1800, paying
without would Adam compares
us, go hungry. in advance now, we will send the paper WEEKLY
Smith says that philosophers are a way of industry that justifies paying from our receeipt of the remittance to January i,
$1.25 a day for ordinary work, or an i&A without charge.. :t-pediueu: copies FREE. : :
people whose trade it is not to do, Address :
but to observe: Now what we want, I industry that is such a factor in recu-. LUTHER TUCKER & SON, ,Publishers, I'I
perating the 'losses.of ]la t season's dis ,
is ,that 'each of us should have a bit ALBANY, N. 'Y.
of. philosophy in our makeup, especially astrous freeze as our pineapple busi-
that kind which teaches us to ob ness. If it can be found please "trotit
serve the higher' things of ''life, and out"This
its beauties." matter is worthy of special no- The best on Earth. Hone high .
Bull strong, Pig and Chicken
tice from the fact that the pineapple *S3 tight. You can make from 40
ttf--- toi'GO,' rods per day for from
business was looked by as i
upon many
14 to 220. a Rod
Urevard's ,
Pineapple Industry. very risky, as it was universally: con Illustrated CatalogueKITSELMAN BR-F..ree.., 1
When a: man who has become discouraged ceded that a freeze of the severity of Rldgevllle, ndlana.BEIUSBIBEI .
by the freeze of last winter, last winter would kill every plant in W

contemplates leaving the country inquest the State to the end. of their roots. }. Cheater whit ;

of ,a place where disaster never Even the most sanguine thought that 4 ''PIGS. Jersey Guernsey&: Poland&China:Hoi- 1
strikes he has a task on h s hands everything was irretrievably gone. stein Cattle Thoroughbred,
Sheep.FancyPoultry Hunting
that no mortal has yet accomplished. Lemon trees planted in among the and House DogCatalolrUe.. I
8. W. 8MIT ochranvllle Chester Co.. Pa.BERMUDA :
When we look back over the past pineapples were, in some instances,
eightor ten years and note the condi killed so completely that they never ptr: 'arrd.ONION Orders PLA"fur'T4" five for thousand pale at $1.50 or
tion that existed in our county up to put up a sprout; today the pineapples over at $1.75 thousand. Chubb & Ward,
the.time of the freeze, we are forcedto right around where those trees stoodare Winter Park, Fla. 21.9.3there

the conclusion ,that we are enjoying waist high. The freeze has dem is nothing in the State that bringssuch ;
advantages from a financial point of onstrated the fact that we have the remuneration on investments, and
view that no other section'of the State safest business in the State. We only which has such powers of recupera-
enjoys. lost this: season's crop, while the or- tion.-Florida Star. ;

There is one test that is practically ange and lemon growers are, generally ---.-.. '
infallible an indicator of the remun- speaking, several years behind us. The Way to Eat Candy.I {
eration ot the industries of a sectionof This does not apply to all oranges and think much of the outcry against ,

country and that is the wages paid, lemons, for there are groves that, ow- candy is the result, of wrong methodsof
for ,labor used in producing whatever ing to their exceptional location, came use., It can often be safely taken .
crops are made. Now let us see what through all right and have fruit this at meal time with good results. Scientists -
this section can say for itself coveringa fall; but I lay particular stress on the say that the food value of sugar is!
pericd of eight or ten years. Personally matter of the pineapple, as it shows very great. A pound of sugar con- ,) ,.
I can only speak from five that they are not the tender hot houseplant tains much more energy and power to
years' experience but am reliably informed that they were immediately con- support animal tile than a pound of 1 l',
that the same wages were paid ceded to be, and also from the fact that meat. If candy is taken under such ;1

prior to my settling here. Takingthis conditions that it will not derange the ;;
period of 10 years and we find Do you know a good farr digestive apparatus, it, is perfectlywise 1

that $i 50 per day was the wages and fruit when and rational to be a candy eater. I
paper you sec '
paid for any and all kinds of labor and -Annals of Hygiene. :
that,it was) seldom, il. ever, that a man it ? Let us send you the .. .-
was out of employment il. he wanted I Mr. George! Close, of Ocala, who 11
Rural New- Yorkcr this week.Send'
.,, )
to work., There was never any ques made such a success of, potato growinglast I i
tion .raided as to such price), bring exorbitant your address ; no money. season, is at 'it again, planting TOO ; I

; It was 'perfectly satistacto-I' TAe Rural N.w.Yorker, barrels, and' will 'add fifty acres in I|I I : ,
ry as our business justified 409 Pearl ttrttt, New York. cabbage. Box I47 xi-9-J




asm .



:" II : 1896 : "r; r THE FLORIDA. FARMER .AND: FRUIT-OROwER.JI .. ::,'799 ..;.
::1 I iil
JI"il tl-

;j' Clyde Steamship.


I 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed

I to sail, as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

I From New York. From Jacksonville
I (Pier 29. K. k.) STItAMER FJo"lda.
JVIBetween .SORREL, Malna>eer.I Mon<1ay. Dec 2,at 3 p m ........... .'SEMINOLR".SundRy, Dec 8 at 9roam
'Vednesday' 4at3Pul... ......."CUMA\CHE".Tutf.. day, to, at IJ.ooam
Friday, 6.at3PJn..CHERf'KEE.' ...... ....Tbulsday, co 12, at 1:00pm.,
I Monday, .. 9at3pm ..............IRuQUOIS".Sunday, II 4:00amVednesday :
., \ Il.atJpm .......... "ALGUNQUIN". .........Tuesday 17. at' c, ooam .
Friday, 13.at3pm. ........... ..\nNUI4K".Thursday: II 600am
Monday, .f r6, at 3 p m."COMANCHK": .....,.. ....Sunday. 2.1at 9.ooal&1
Wednesday, 18, at J pm... ......."CHEROKEE'.Tuesday( U 20&. at 10CO: am
H Hr Friday, 20, at3 pm ....... .... ""IROQUOIS" ....,....... Thursday, II 26. at 1200 n'n
1\Ionc1ay 23 at 3 p m............ "ALGONQUIN".Sunday 1:00pm:
WedneSday, 25, at 3 p m............. "SEHINULE".Tuesday: co 3t,at 400am
, Friday, II 27at3pm...... ..:...CO'\fAI"CHK".Thursday' Jan. 2, at sooam
I Monday, u 30, at3 pm............ CHEROKEE".c.Sunday, 5,.at 8ooa m.
.N w.

Philadelphia, Charleston and Jacksonville Line.

Pta.ts43Q BetelsI .
For the present and until further notice, Steamer "YEMASSEE" is intended to

Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.00; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, (43.30; sail from. PHILADELPHIA for CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and from
Steerage,$12.50. CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection made at

Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00;; Excursion, $47.30 J Charleston with Clyde FJOJ ida Steamers, for business to and from Jacksonville and
Steerage, $14.23. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: i all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia.

I _

(Central or goo Meridian Time.) ST. JOHNS :R.IV" :E1 LINE.: : '

City of Birmingham .- Sunday Dec. i, 4.ooa.m.
Nacoochve ..Tut'foday.Vec. 3, 6.oop. m. .
Kansan City .... Dec. 6. 800 a. m. 'For 'Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate. Points on
City of Augusta Dec. 8, 1o coal m. ..
City'of Birmingham ... Tuesday, Dec 10, 12.00 noon the St. Johns River. '. '.,
Nacooche Friday Dec. 13. 300 pIn. '
: Dec. 15, 5.ooa.m. \i.f.i-.'; :- .
Kansas J"CITY
Clty '"' '
The Iron Sid V:heel Steamer .. ;
City of Augusta .- Tuesday Dec. 17, 630 p. m. Elegant :!.
City of Birmingham .. ..Friday. Dec so. 8 00 a. In. OF JACKSONVILLE,":
NllcooeJl..e' Sunday Dec 22 9.008.111.
Kn-a .Tuesday, Dec. 24. it.coa.m, Cart. .W. A. SHAW, v' (I'

Cltyof,of'Augusta .. .,Dec.Dec 27 29. Is appointed to sail from. Jacksonville Sundays, Tuesdays= and Fridays.. at 3:30: ,

Nacoochee City Birmingham.... %. 'Dec. 31, 4.30 p, m. I). u)., and from Sanford Mondays, Wednesdaysand Saturdays at {0:00): a.: m.,. "
Enterprise. 9:30: a. in.

.....!...... ........ ... ...................Tuesday, Dec. 3. 5.30 p. m. soirritnoUaD React tCIIHDULg; ..NURTHBOUND.. .
........ .. Sunday, l tc. 8, 900 a.m.Tallahasoee mown Read.Up.Leave
I 'Gate City .!! Dec. 11. 2 cop m. 330 p. to ..:... ...................Jacktoull\.ille ......... .. ...... AIJIV'oa.: << : tn.
( ... Tuesday Dec 17. 3op.n1 .. b.45 P .111. ....... ............... .. .l'a1atka...... .............. Leave 8.oop.m.
i 'Chattahooohee.,. I'ee l 22: 9 oo a. m.TallahMHftee u 3tOit. 111. ...............;....... :. ..Astor ... ................ .1 300P m.
Gat.i City u ..... .. ...... ............. "
Dtc. 26, Ii.3op.m. 4.30 8 In. .. .. ....:. St. I''ranc's" : ...... J.30 p. m.
.Tuesday: Dtc. 31, 43Opm., u 5.30a. m ........................... Beresford .... .... ............. ...;. u 12.oono.n
I Chattahoochee u 600 8.111 ...... ............ ........ Blue Spring?............ ........;... I. II.Joa.m.
Arrive 8..0 a. m .............. .... Santorel.............. ............ ... u o 1o a. m,
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These .. 925 a. nl. ............ ........ ... HlIterprise.- .... ..... II 8.coa.m.

'City of Macon .( Ships Monday) Dec. 9, II.ooa. m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West'Bay St., Jacksonville

City of Macon.. Dec. 19 7.30 a 11t.Clty A. J. COLE!:, Passenger Agent. s Bowling Green,,::0 ew York.
= of,Macon ..........Sunday, Dec. 29, 3.00 a. In ,
.M. H. CL VUE Assistant Traffic Manager Bo* ing Green New York. .
D. D. C. MINK General' Freight Agent. 12:0.: Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
THEO. G. EG EH, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling G'een, New York.
; THESE PALACE STEAMERS, F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 Via
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
u t. .Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia. Savannah. Florida: (I& Western Railway, J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville. Fla. .>?

Through Bills of Ladino Tickets Florida and Central Baggage&Checks Peninsular lo all Railroad.points North and East. See your WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
! ticket a for Freight or Passage to ,
! I. P.BECKWITH,.G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York. 19 Rnnth Tlolawaro Av" nn" Philadelphia. K Itntvllne (been.'Nrw' Vnrfc
i New Pier No.35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS.
I RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Items' Wharf, BostonW.
:t. L.JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.
\ W. H. RHMT, Gen'l Agt. C. R, R., 317 Broadway, New York.J. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent. Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y. ,
J.I,. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
'53 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St.. Boston.W. .

J.,FARREM, Soliciting Agent. W. n.WALTER ARNO D.HAWKINS Gen. TTav., Fla.Pass.Pass Agt.Agent, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

New Office, 224 West Bay Street,Jacksonville ,

PLvA.r .' .

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable. Seeds. A Oomple Stock of

A souT Hay, Corn Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

"THELOWER Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark:!


NEW RIVER.RIVER. OF Insert-men Fertilizer Co. A NITRATE SODA V
ELL : Star Brand Fertilizers, Pr' MURIATE OF OTASH,


THE TROPICAL SUN, Orange Tree and Vegetable r \ KAINIT.,. Etc,. i I

official or Dade Is the Recognized' Exponent of the Resources FERTILIZER. : t
West Palm Beach {it the paper :
Published at Seeker have superior In the market and a trial will conv1iiee.lRend > ;
,Attractions and AdvantAjte" of that Wonderful Region-The Mecca of the Home These Fertilizers no j
Fruit Grow'r and the Inv'slorPubfished C"ta1oQ'tJf' free I
the ('tucker. .
.. this publication is recogitized I
\ In this territory every Thursday since February 21ct 1987
authority on the country, its products how to grow them and! how they pay, the .. : of : SOS E'OJK .A TL.ANT.A.
and its future. In .short THE TROPICAL SUN is the Paper
count. 8developmtnt Don& all to eco our splendid Exhibit at the great Exposition.\. The same :
.Page All Home Print Weekly Publication l class of goods that took the highest awards at the World's Fair. .
the Coming Section of Florida. ,ut factory prices. As manufacturers wo ave you 20 to CO per cent. All
8ub-ernie.for It and keep posted! on
work Guaranteed. Send for our latest and biggest Catalogue, ehowlnR"L"Ural .. .. -
T.=** .2 for One Year;$1 for Six.Months. Address, ,e u new styles improvements, and lowest prlcell.It'B free. 'Write today ... 61.--; ,
,,::' ': .'-.-.< .- .. west palm leach, Fia. MeaUea to same ef UO peps terse JaY wnw.o'

; "
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Ji ." ._" :
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'.' :. THE NEW
I es_- "-

]Handoline= Banjo J aid l riandoline=Quitar \

..... .. ..... ........... .
,: ....mill.......nun.......IMMIIMI I INVENTED AND MANUFACTURED' I IN AMERICA. "" """ il i

These are the Instruments of the Age and the latest invention in the Musical' Art ; nothing; choicer or more'elegant"' *

for Concert and Home.. The I sweet, delicate clearness of the Mandoline breathing through *- /

of the and Guitar tone.POSITIVELV
I .. the vivacity, Banjo-It.. .
. '. : -- .



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The New Society Musical Instruments..
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See it try it and you will be pleased. ., .

f ,*. .?. For sale by dealers in Musical Instruments. 4.. -f. .$.

.. If not obtainable at home, write to headquarters. '. .

.. '

-' --faolklcIzrv111e, P'1a. .
(Copyright, 1893, by A. rollmann). .
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.. 201:1: Century
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Represented k ....
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,- BY THE-'- L -; 'itff' ,.

Leading Dealers
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) IN THE WORLD. SY PtioN.Y': .

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III imprisoned in the SYMPHONY-with caeh perforated ribbon it la: released and< sings. The stops vary tho quality of solo and concerted. effects JlUmatably. The Grandeur of aRequiem
the aollcklnj?Barcarolle, or the' VI\'acltyofaMinuet.: All reuderod'wlth equal case on the SYMPHONY. : .!',1" .;. '" .' :;
.. T dufmer1 & JBrciit;=Grower_, Solo, Agent .for Florida i ; Jack onvillct Flar' ,
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'.:On dally exhibition at; .
New York City .. 123 5th Ave. J Troy N. Y. 8;4 Broadway Chicago, 111.PUIIarleMthia. ., ,. W. W Klmball&Co. Dallas, Tex. -' ,261 Main Rt.IQSOFoimbSt..
B iston.! ; Macs. .. 453 Wn nin rton; 8t Leuvenwoith. Kan. 521 Dehuvar-. ,. Pa. '! 1308 Chestnut\ 8t. San I1jtlo./ Cal .- .
r Pituburjr. Penn. '- 433 Wood 8tt I\miens (Uity Mo. .. 200 West Ninth Bt SII1114'luncJt'co.' Cat. Rooms 12 HIIII 14 Fluod/ Ifl'dFtucltton, Cal 2R5 Main St.
'Cincinnati 'O.Dotrolt. 23 Wst Fourth 8t. ;Vow Oi-'cnns, La.Wilminirton .- r 7:11: :. ( Mich.I 6? Munrpo Aver Del. 7IOMnrk -.Thi1Umore. Md. 119 East Ualtimo-e St. POtthmd.Me. .. tl38CougressSt. NcwUt.k.N.J.,. ,-. ,:.iV\-, V-; -, J57( broad St.&J3 Canada. 0 2268 St. Catherine( St.
Ilirooklyn;N. Y. '.' .296 Fulton St. Mexico City, -' Colle Cadena! No. a Louisville! Kyi FourthSt Seattle, Wash. ., 1018 Sacon4\ 8it' \;.


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