Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
March 9, 1895
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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Full Text

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, S.'Powers, Publisher Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE FLA., MARCH 16, 1895. u o Whole No 1362 Vol.NEW YII SKKIES, No. 11.

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W. C. WI!.!,. ESTABLISHED 1876.' A. F.-JONES.

If You Want to Save Money


58 & 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119,A 123 MICHIGAN ST., ,



] )eL L:1: : :), :FL..A..

"# ; '
invited and stencils furnished on application Reliable agents wanted at ', ,
all principal shipping points

1 .Forprices,name WHAT wantj,the amount and WHERE.youwant it delivered and
you your
,, ; -W' t ; will < t rock-bottom.hatditiiii price ll ere is n list to select frcM:f **- |B "
(t <
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;, $ 'y" ,. .* ,
I;.' ;'; ; ; : {*TjaFf- .y ? First National Bank of Jacksonville,11a.. ; Bank Commerce,'Buffalo, N. y'. Dun's and Brad-
street's Agencies.! *. *' High-Grade Sul. Potash, Bone,

Low-Grade Sul. Potash, Cotton Seed Meal,

ar ::+ Everything for Florida. 'Established 1883. Kainit and Muriate Potash, Tobacco Stems,
@ '
s To everyone Interested in plants, our Concentrated Tankage, Tobacco Dust, :

n NEW CATALOGUE: for 1895 Blood and Bone, Tobacco Stems Ground, '
p i will be found invaluable 64 pages; illustrated,described and priced. Send #
1 for it. It's free. Although the recent cold hurt much of our outside stock, .Bone and Potash, Bone Black,
we are able to fill orders for almost everything catalogued excepting Citrus
'I o v u.L 0 Acid' Phosphate, etc., etc.
I 9 A Specially fine line of Economic and Ornamental Plants .

I j UEASONKIt BROS., Oncco, Fla. Write For Prices and Analyses of Corn Fertilizer.


some parts of the country, at least, that THEY' MUST HAVK AN EARLY ORANGE, or uc I Frauds-Fruit Wrappers.NO POURS
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONWS TSAR: I.Y is not only the :Earliest,but Best By Pressing the Lid.
and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees 0/.this and other varieties s
: now for sale. Sample oranges by mail for loc each, to pay postage. CATALOGUE FRnn.I .
t i Semi-Tropical( ,Nurseries, Orlando, Fla;, 1..
'+ Consumers of Fruit Wrappers ina.x -

I PLANT: CASSAVA NOW. now know that they get an honf'Ht real! ..
of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheet
! Thi plant, a native ol Braz 1, has been grown iu Florida for several years and its popularity
has increased with general planting. As a substitute for Irish Potatoes for table use it is unsur to ream as some unscrupulous: ) dealer)
I passed. For a feed for tock, especially: mitch cows, it is very valuable, having been shown tc supply.
double the flow of milk.
!( Our stock of seed cane went through the late freeze uninjured, and we now have a large: OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed
stock on hand
Price,30 cents per lb.;two Ibs. for SO cents, postpaid.By .
I express: or freight, not prepaid, per 100 feet $i 35; per 1,000 feet, J 900. Wrappers are put up in package !: U I caau
of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is Tea and Coffee pots of artistic design with novel
CO. SI I Dl9NII:1: T. '
H. G. HASTINGS Xs methodofpouring. Pricesfrom
numbered, in printing, consecutively) $3.50 to$17. S
Our 4o-page Catalogue free. I n to, r l lac hen, Florida. from 1 to 1000. No one can each. Ask for them or send for illustrations. '
ti This is a good thing
HONESTLY BEATour -- -- ..- --
r i prices. Send for samples and prices SAW MILLworks
( .1.. later s new Lduloguo ivf i8v4-'o5/ ,tecouiua 17 yeari'experience with the arty prouutuvo and hardy;satsuma: orange toTHE FARMER'S I puccecslully with 4
and the vliroroua Citrus trifoliata.which without protection stands the winters,as far north as Washtnfrton unlnlured.) h, p., also Grinding Mills

o RAtE E RPo E Lo fit,JlIRY;l 5 FR U JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO., and Water DeLoach Wheels. Mill Mfg Co..

in amnntouata stocks. Over goo Lower South,including figs, JERSEY CITY, N. J.
prunes,apricots" ,olives,mulberries,pomegranates,almonds,pecans,Janan walnuts. span chestnuts,kumquats,ornamentals, 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ca.
N. 13.-We do not deal in unprinted
fin CH'jS U S. PESa A1. wrappers. OMOIOIS
urclrwrds and grounds malntame.t' wr t!e at considerable'' has!
aretl[ es I. e xte mtv e o xPemental purpose cx"m"'i '
been a leading feature of the business! for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlay in the Information ded F'RUI: .rS cznci FLtQ'VVERSFOR
by results obtained In our own rose gardens!: ,we have selected and oAer as especlallvwell adapted to the climate oCthl'!ren,lon. FL: UI r 'ri E.ES.

d..Q ) '' SOUTHERN PLANTING.Satsuma .
rust grower s annual and horticultural 1 ull correct descriptions!40 accurate SOUTHERN 'ORCHARDS.
,.' I artistic illustrations results with leading sorts; latest practice ancjbcst methods in culture and management. Send to Orange, Hardy and Early New
O. L. TABBB, Glen new ( )of the Catalonia cflhM Write for Catalogue and price list. Japanese Plums, Peaches, Pears, Roses, Camel-

;sTM: RY'N'Rtsh JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., asking las. &c., at very low D prices., I.rilSUSON Catalogue, 1'rop.for the

- Thomuavllle, Ga. Motitkello, Flat



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'. .

', INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in their natural state just as

the nice hand of Nature has manufactured them from the plants themselves, not combined artificially

I with dangerous acids and alkalies. They produce good immediate results, and at the same time

J; are a source of future available fertility to the soil. They are compounded according to formulas ap-

proved by the experience and observation of twenty years.
.. .
!( .-. -- "- ..-- "') Fruit and Vine Fertilizer. Garden Truck Fertilizer.'
f K -,.. ,,, Per cent. Percent. Per cent
S'n-- ''t.b .. -, Ammonia..... ,. .................... 3 to 4 Ammonia........ .... ...... 5 to 6 Ammonia. ............. ..... ........4.50 to' 525.
Avail. Phos. Acid..... ...... ........... 6 to 8 Avail. Phos. 7 to 9 Available Phosphoric Acid..... .... 8.25 to 9 oo
1 :,0 f Acid Soluble Phos. Acid...... ....... 2 to 3 Acid Soluble Phos. 2 to 3 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid...... ..*. i.oo to 2.50
til''j' ;' : Total Pho. Acid..........'. .... .......... 8 to 10 Total Phos. Acid. ..... 10 to 12 Total Phosphoric Acid..... .... ...... 9.00 to n.oo
I4I t ?' 4i11qi.,4%, 1,dil'I ., Actual Potash.... ....... .... ..... ........lotOI2 Actual 3 t04 Potash(actual) .... .. ...... ...;; 6.50,.to 7.50

,.. 'I1 FINE GROUND BONE --. ,.
Pure i s .(44 A G ; Ammonia.... .....4 to 5 per ct. | Phosphoric Acid..... ..... 20 to 21 per ct. I Equal to Bone Phosphate....... 44 to 46 per ct.'Fertilizers. ... _..



Made of.the best material by skilled mechanics, according to, 'the
I, IMPERIAL latest approved designs. The most economical, because the strongest

f\ and most durable. .
Spring Tooth Lever Cultivator.


i PRICE, 7 Teeth, $8.00. .;.:.--:. F,v',,. .:.... .._"J' ; .,'.:. .,,.._
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This implement is very popular in all fruit-growing districts ; apple, peach, orange groves,
tobacco and corn culture aud for truck farming has no equal. Made with seven or eight spring IMPERIAL PLOWS.
teeth. Easily adjusted for depth with lever from rear. Unloads trash teadily ; stirs and pulver-
..." -: ...; :,,..;...,,sizes:: the ground thorough.. Made of steel and malleable iron; finished nicely, and bound to give No. 10. Chilled, weight So lbs ....... .$9.00 No. 9. Chilled.. weight.. 65 lbs. ...... .... $7.00.:
,dsalisfachon: ,. :' .Adjusted' for, depth\ ;t":. "e......,j&\,i' \.,.i".fa!'-.-: -,;.1"'" ". .. ,;/ '''1W.d."I1''It '," .''::1i- .."No.J.8.. .,,, .' ", .50 Ibs. .. .....6.00 I No. 5. 46- lbs....... ... .....5 oo.JiJts. 4, 'I
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I The teeth 8J inches long and ft inch square, are fastened to the cross bars by clamps, and
f can be raised or lowered to any degree of cut, or taken out for resharpening. The cross bars are
U" shaped, the lightest and strongest shape known for a harrow bar, and are highly carbonized
to add stiffness and prevent bending or getting out of,shape. A forward movement. the handle
throws the teeth. into a horizontal'position, allowing the rubbish to escape. Brackets attached to
,,./r. each corner turn down when the teeth are out of the ground and make transportation over uu-
I. JI plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars each.
,1 -. One section, 24 teeth, ft inch, cuts 3 feet 9 inches.... .... .... .......$*8.oo.
-- Two sections, 48 teeth, ft inch, cuts 7 feet 6 inches..v" ...... .. .. ........" 15.00.
-' These prices include draw bars.

's Send for complete catalogue and price lists of Fertilizers, Agricultural Implements., Pumps, .
o, ii -- = ; Hose, Pine Apple, Tomato and Berry. Crates, etc.

._ :BE.A.N": ,




Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-

selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement :

That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower. :

It has never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as

1 J other Insecticides have been throughout the State,
j, ,
I;: .. But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed:Jon

,'.:, the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.

:' As sulphur will not ,kill .all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known ,as Tar Emulsion, which

i.' ,:... is very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow

Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used. .

J. We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. :

These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. '.. ,

References and general directions for using furnished on application. :"

Write for Price-List. :

t. McMASTER & MILLER, ': '

San Mateo Fla. .

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Grove $g Orchard. has granted,, him a pension for life on I I: i that the question,of the availability of The average cost portion of the i j
a account of what be .has done for fruiti! i its 'wood was not considered. special manures has been $38. 13, the f'

growing there. "The orange wood to be tested," average valuation $28.62 and the per'f'f

ORANGE TREES. "In acclimating orange trees, an said Mr.Fernow, should be as sound centage difference 33.2 per cent. !
investigation should be made as to ,and free from blemishes as possible, Last year the corresponding figureswere 'I
what varieties or trees have shown i from as large trunks as can be obtained. average cost $37.76, average '
To Make Them More Hardy and to the least injury from the freeze. Seed Disks of the wood, six inches high,cut valuation $29.35, percentage differ- t I

Utilize'the Wood. from those should be planted, and, across the grain, will be good for test- ence 28.6 per cent.Probability I
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: from the resulting trees, which shouldbe ing." ..--... t

It will take a worse freeze than that experimented upon to test their resistance It now remains for some enterprising of June Bloom. i
cold the hardiest :
of February 8th to cause the porno- to should grower who has some of the woodto I
be selected and their seed Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: :
authorities the Bureau of ,
logical or spare, to a good specimen
Agriculture to lessen their faith in planted, and the same process repeated here for testing. One 01 Mr. Fernow's We, of Manatee county have the
Florida as an orange-growing State. until a sufficient degree of reist- assistants said yesterday that a frank great consolation of having saved our :
ance to cold weather is obtained. In trees, and to a few days were :
up ago
Mr. W.A. Taylor, assistant pomologist, would be sent to any one who desiredto
is receiving daily letters from fruit- that way, I believe, some hardier varieties forward such a specimen to the congratulating ourselves upon the r
of orange trees can be developed fact that our trees were covered w ith j
the State
growers throughout giving Bureau here. The stick of wood
details as to, the extent of injury by .in Florida than are now cultiva should be short enough to go into a two inches of new growth profusely I
filled with bloom
ted. buds when lo
frost, and says he finds no reason to mail bag. Four pounds is the limit of they
'. Mr. Taylor's theory will doubtlessbe all disappeared in a night like the or- I
change his estimate of the average ordinary mail matter, but a govern-
combatted authorities but in December. ,
by some anges
damage to orange trees made to your ment frank will carry through much
he backs it up with an array of facts Whether or not the trees will throw j
correspondent a few days agp ; that is, heavier packages than that. By securing -:
and which all be out a new bloom before at allis I
that"the wood is generally killed backno arguments cannot such a frank through ,Mr. Fer- June or
in this I find that authorities !
given letter and which are a question
farther than to where the branches now, wrapping up a good stick of
hard to around.It here differ.. And that is not I
very get upon.
r are from one and one-half to two orange wood that will go into a mailbag
has been that,the frozen surprising to when I told that
inches in diameter. thinks
He the
putting the frank on it, and ad- I
wood in Florida these freezes are a new experience in
reports that have been made as to the orange representsa dressing the package to the Forestry
destruction a large percentage of sourceof considerable wealth to the Division, Bureau of Agriculture, somebody : Manatee ceunty.I I
growers of that State if they choose to should like to hear some opinions :
the in South
bearing trees a for
may open way orange
take of it. There on that subject from who
advantage are prob. any may !
Florida are decided exaggerations, in growers to realize something on their
the light of all the informatton he has ably large numbers of the trees killedto frozen wood. have lost new growth and bloom by !
the ground in the northern portionof frost,or cold winds ?
received. The ,writer'sincerely hopes that the '!
the belt. Of W. K. TRIMBLE.
-course a man
Today, when your correspondent orange percentage of orange ,trees to be chop- Braidentown Fla. 1!
should be careful determine
entered Mr. 'Taylor's office, he was very to ped down will be small, but he would ,
whether the trunk is still alive before
greeted with the delightfully familiar: like to see those whose trees are cer- i
fragrance of orange blossoms, exhaled cutting down the precious tree, but tainly dead reap some benefit from the Northern Fruits in the South.In ;

by a snowy,.spray sent to the pomolo- when that fact is established beyond sale of the wood, which, in order to be an able paper read before a far- \
gist to let him know that_ Florida was doubt, the tree should be felled, splitin marketable, will have to be cut and mers' institute, Prof. Stubbs, of ,the '
still alive and hopeful. halves, and put under shelter in a put under shelter soon in order to Louisiana Experiment Station, as reported ,
"These flowers and fresh green dry place, in order to allow the ,tim- avoid damage by decay. .', in the N. O. Times Democrat: ':1

leaves," said Mr. Taylor, "were sent ber to season. L. S. PERKINS. said :
tome by Mr. McCarthy, of Ancona, This is what was suggested by one Washington D. C March 5, 1895. Only one branch of agriculture re- J
BreVard county, which he says ,he of the Department officials who knows .1 quires caution in its prosecution. ;{
gathered from orange trees that suc- how fine grained and handsome orange What May be Learned. Fruit culture as known and practiced :

cessfully weathered the late cold snap. wood is. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: at the North'and East is not a decided
Mr.;McCarthy writes, however, that Mr. .B. E. Fernow, chief of the for Is this not a good time to learn success here. Apples, as a rule, can- i!
the lemon trees were badly injured at estry division of the Bureau of Agri valuable lessons in relation to the effect not be successfully grown. The char- :
the "same place. From Mr. J. E.' culture, was interviewed on the sub- of cold on several varieties of the acter of the soils forbid peach, apri- !!

: Ingraham we learn that Fort Pierce, ject and said: I orange ? Would it not be desirableto cot nectarine andalmond culture up- j j

.; in Brevard county, is the northern Orange wood certainly has valu- keep a standing request for infor- on an extensive scale. Only the Ori- a{
r limit of the area on the east coast of able qualities, fitting it for the manufacture I mation for all parts of Florida on the I ental type of pears can be successfully j

Florida where orange trees escaped 'of articles where fine, close following points : grown. Some of these are pronounced ;
serious injury by frost." grain is required. Spools, tops, mal I. Did the Satsuma survive the by amateur fruit growers as specially j
The'question as to whether an, orange lets and tool handles could well be freeze when budded on Trifoliata ? adapted to this section. 0 plums, i 1

tree can be rendered more hardy, made from it, and it will certainly suit Did it on sour'orange, budded low, or the French varieties are entirely use- j
and can be made to stand, without for all purposes for which white birchis sweet budded low ? less. The Chickasaw and Wild Goose |
shelter and without serious injury, a used." 2. Were the tangerines nardier than types are 'fairly successful ; but the I

temperature of, say fifteeen degrees Another official ,said that orange other orange trees ? best varieties of the Japanese type find .i
: above zero, has been discussed in Flor- had been used successfully as a sub 3. Did forest protection save any here conditions (for a more perfect development ,
ida, and many have been the argu-' stitute for the coarser varieties of box orchards ? than perhaps anywhere I

ments for a-d against. Mr. Taylor wood, in type,cutting, engraving, etc. 4. Did water protection prove valuable else in the world. Oranges', figs and I
was asked his opinion about it. Firms in Rochester, N. Y., and De- ? pomegranates thrive in the Southern I
: "That problem has,been settled in troit, Mich., had used it that way. 5. Was protection from the sun of portion. The soil and climate is too i
regard to certain other fruits," said Mr. Fernow said that it is, or used to any use. L. damp, it is feared, for the olive. The '

Mr. Taylor, "and it seems ;reasonablethat be, .dealt in by Constantine Bros., New Orleans, f.a. pecan is indigenous to our soils,
the same process that has been dealers in fine woods in ,New York. P. S.-On the Mississippi river on and the improved varieties are being

employed in acclimating apples in He suggested that information on the points below, 40 miles south of New planted extensively. The gooseberry, ,
Russia and in, the colder portions of subject might be obtained by addressing Orleans, few trees were material y hurt. the currant, the cherry, etc., are
this country might be successfully applied the New York Lumber Trade The warm air from the Gulf saved worthless here. Only a few of the '
to the orange! So well has this Journal. them. varieties of the raspberry will grow, [
been carried,out in Dakota, Iowa and An important branch of work done and they thrive only moderately well.

Minnesota, that certain'varieties of ap- by this division is the testing of differ- Dishonest Fertilizers.Of Strawberries can be grown in great
ple trees which were cut down by the ent kinds of wood to determine their the 60 brands of special manures quantities and of enormous size and

cold in those States twenty years ago, availability for building manufac- analyzed by the Connecticut experiment excellent quality, but on account of
now successfully withstand the same : turing purposes. Mr. Fernow informed station this year, 26 were quite our long seasons of growth and abun-
degree of cold and bear good crops your correspondent that he would be below the manufacturer's minimum dance of grass seeds in our soils, are
where it would> have been impossiblefor pleased to make a thorough test of guarantee in respect of one ingred- expensive to cultivate." .
them to grow before the special orange wood sent to him for that pur- ient, four were below in respect of In Florida peaches and blackberries -
'treatment was applied to them. This pose. He said this had not been done two ingredients and one in respect of do well nearly everywhere ;

,important result was brought about before, because the orange has never all three ingredients. Fully ,one-half, while we have reason to believe thatat
'largely through,:the efforts of Peter M. been regarded as a timber producingtree therefore, were below the manufacturer's least one variety of cherry, the

'Gideon, of Minnesota, and that State its fruit rendering it so valuable guarantee. "cherry-plum," will be a success.Z .


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LOCKHART LITTLE, President. JE.. STILLMAN, Sec. and Texas




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t ;. i': ',:''\' ',' Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree. ;''''H''''' '' )<;*<. >. .

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:..:.;: November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. :

., .

k f Orange Planters True Value Number One," "Orange Planters True Value Number Three," .

'r Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree. .

I We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. Pam-

;I ,' phlets.. and prices furnished on application. '

I I A Brave Letter. A Day With Munson. dized with our native Southern types the sand will stick to the seeds and

" Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. The editor of Orchard and Garden and produce a new race, combiningthe prevent them adhering to each other.;

: As I have seen nothing in the visited one day last week the bustling, vigor and longevity of the native Then fill up the box with sand,and let

: ; Farmer and Fruit-Grower from this busy city of Denison, and while there with the magnificent fruit producing them remain until they are to be.

:' : part of this State since the last, freeze, was a guest of the renowned viticulturist capacity of the imported. We think planted. The boxes can. be stackedone
I thought I would chop you a line or the outlook for the of the
; Prof. T. V. Munson. We found development a upon other;

two. The orange trees are showing him up to his elbows in work, this being distinctive Southern horticulture is TAKING THE SEED OUT OF THE SAND.
1 of life in this of
but little signs part With Onderdonk in the
1 the most busy time of the year with brightening. The seedbed having been prepared*
Voluias It was the second
county. all Texas The Southwest, at work on peaches and
our nurserymen. spe- have a coarse sieve and take the top
8 and that
shock of February 10,
cific of visit witnesshis Munson giving attention to
purpose our was to pears box and dump its contents into the
did the damage. The'sap was rising method of pruning and trimmingthe grapes, plums, etc., and Kerr devel-- sieve. This must be done wi,h care,
when it occurred and if
,freely ,
i quite grape, upon which subject we oping new pears, and many others so as not to bruise the seed Then
the first bad it
it had quitat as was, have been readers of' bringing to light the hidden treasuresof
would have been considerable lately giving shake the sieve and the sand will pass
: this department some thoughts. An- ,field and forest, we ,can take a' through, leaving the'seed in the sieve.
fruit the trees the season.
on present
other purpose was to study on the cheerful view of the coming renais-
But now it will be two years at least of Southern horticulture.- ,THE SEEDBED.
ground some of the wonderful crea- sance i '
and I fear three years, before there tions in the which Prof. Texas Farm and Ranch. THe .seedbed should be inclosed
grape upon
will be much. The young groves are Munson has been spending much time .'. with boards eighteen or twenty inches

all gone, also nursery stock, and and the past ten The Growing Oranges From Seed. wide, set on edge, about, four or six
money years.
many trees that would have borne intelligent hybridization of the grape The following instructions from the feet ,apart. The bottom should be

12 one box to the tree the present season has found in our Texan horticulturistan New Orleans Times-Democrat are floored, so as to prevent gophers and

are killed below the bud or to the timely: ground moles from entering the seedbed
exponent who has grasped the
ground. The older trees will lose problem with an accurate estimate of THE SEED. ,. Laths are nailed on, top,,leaving
most of their tops, yet some of the a of one-half inch between them,
the value of the various native wild The seed of the orange has seldom space

oldest wood will put out new growth species of the vine, which, with infinitecare been known to produce fruit, equal to to protect the seed from being,
several inches from the trunk or bodyof it scratched up by the birds. A cov-
and patience he is combining with that of the parent tree. However,
the tree. About all the thriftiest thin muslin is of
ering of on top
the finer types of our cultivated, domestic comes truer to seed than most fruit.
growth of the last two or three yearsis and foreign The resultis the laths to protect the young plants
killed back into the body of the scorched the If
from ,being by sun.
of vines of such south.
a new race
tree. Our groves will be a sorry The fruit is piled into heaps or put the weather be cloudy- is well that
looking spectacle by the time they are ern or western species as the common into barrels to rot. When it is decayedso the covering be removed to allow the
Post-oak, (Vitis Lincecumii), Frost
that it will break into
trimmed many ,
is better
out. bed to get warm. It to plant
Grape, (V. rupestris), Texas Mustang,
when handled it is crushed in tub
The sooner trees that are a or and broadcast
,young the seed thickly as all
V. candicans and others with such
off the better ( ), barrel and the seed is mashed out. A
killed down are cut. plants are to be removed; it does not
fine varieties as Triumph, Delaware, sieve is used the soft substanceof
and a little earth drawn over the coarse ; how .
matter thickly they come up.
Lindley, and others, giving to southern
stump whether they are grafted or not. the fruit will pass through the wires, The seeds should be covered with fine,
A mortar* made of r clay 1 have foundto horticulture a new race of grapes, leaving the seed in the sieve. The operation -I rich soil, from one to two, inches.
which in time will older
be a good thing to put on the is carried on in a place where'water
very ,
varieties originated North and East. TIME
Graft or bud wood will be a can be used freely, as consider-
stumps. article for some time to So soon, indeed, as their merits are able is required to do the work prop- Planting the seed very early, as in :
very fully known and the prices of the vines erly.I January and;l February, does not give

come. reach a level with the pocket-book of good results, because it is entirely too !
/I think it is unwise to commence
trimming the old trees until they have our now impecunious southern fruit- : To insure the best results the seed early. The seed generally decays, as a
growers. the time for it to germinate is not till j
made a good start to grow, at least of the orange should not be allowedto
We should like to Prof. Munson March and
see spring. April even May; I
that is my experience, in the sixteen dry after being taken from the fruit.
reduce the price on some of his best are the best months to plant the seed,
years that I have been in the business. If not ready to plant them, they shouldbe
known varieties. For instance: Bril. as the ground is then warm.. The
Judging the future Irom the past, we placed in moist sand. In this way
liant, Rommel, Fern and Carman, to seedbed should be kept moist but not
believe that this misfortune be until is
have reason to they can kept everything
say 20 or 25 cents each, which would too wet.
will not occur again very soon prepared.HOW .
put them in reach of hundreds who do
and the man who is able to take care not feel they can afford to pay the TO PUT THE SEED IN SAND. Talk about Floridians being listless

of his grove will come out ahead. At present price. We believe thousands Take a shallow box, say five inches and indolent, I tell you the misapplied
rate it is no use to sit down and that oozes,out by our boots in
would be planted at a popular price. deep and not more than thirty inches energy
bemoan our hard luck, but rather let wading through our sand would ,if
Prof.* Munson is preparing to,undertake square ; fill it half full of moist.sand,
us brace up and do our level best, andI economized, transform 'our State.
extensive hybridization with then put the seed on top, about two
don't believe we will have any cause plums and persimmons. ,He rightly deep, and throw on top of the seed Even Coxey had sense enough to ad-

for regrets. considers that the Oriental types of considerable sand and mix it together vocate good roads.James Holmes,

Springs GEORGE, Fla. WILLICOMBE.Deleon plums and persimmons may be hybri.. with the hands. This is done so ,that in Florida Star.

_. .. ._ ... ..
-_ --_-__._.-__-_ _. ,-. __ ..- _.u ... ___ .' -- ---,---- .- -- -- '-" ---- --._,- -------.-,....-..-.,.---- _-... -, .




For Orange Trees, and Pineapples. Every kind of Raw Material


For trees. For bearing trees. For trees. 4: to 5/) per. cont. Ammonia. ...... :8 to 4 per cent.. 6to 6 per cent. Ammonia Vegetable..........lertillzer...... 5 to 6 per cent.
Avail phos.acid......... 8 to 10. Avail phos. acid. ..., ,,6 to 8 u. Avail phos. acid......... 7 to 8 U" Avail phos. acid ........ 6 to 8" "
Insol phos. acid........ 2to 3" Insol phos. acid....... 2to 3" Insol phos. acid.. .....2to3 Insolphos.ucld..2to 4" "
. Potash K20 ... .... 101012" Potash K20............ 14 to 16 PotashK20.. ..... .... 3to4: PotashK20.............. OtolO "
$38 per ton. $37 per ton. $31 per ton. $38 per ton.
A Florida Orange Grove. cess. They are drawn to the packing manure scattered in the furrow. Plow
house in a wagon, and emptied into a Farmer $ Trucker the land.about five or six inches deep
Mr. A. I. Root continues his Flor- slatted-bottom This and harrow well. For the main
large tray or vat. - -- crop,
ida notes in Gleanings. He thus de- the I commence to plant out from about
tray swings on pivots so oranges The Navy Bean.It .
scribes the groves of Mr. W. 'S. Hart: may be made to roll either side of it. May 20th to June loth, and my experience
In passing friend Hart's orange is not generally known that this
The first-class gilt-edged fruit, is has taught me that planting
grove 'from the road, you get only a selected and thrown into a hopper. most valuable variety of bean can be before this, time is risky, as cold, wet
glimpse of some sort of building back This hopper by an ingenious arrange- successfully grown in Florida. Mr. weather stunts the plants and they
through the thick growth of forest. ment, sorts the fruit, placing each size Irving Keck in a note to the B irtow never seem to recover.
But when you open the gate and go by itself, sorting them from 96 to the Courier.Informant says : "Have you Lay off rows about three feet and a
inside, there seems to be a pretty good box down to :250. Each size is then thought about that navy bean patch ? half apart, and set the plants eighteen
building'all unoccupied. A little beyond picked up, papered, and packed. It will have to be planted this springat inches apart in the row. Open up
are the orange groves. Each Each paper is stamped with friend! least I have never been able to the furrows with a one' horse'plow,
grove comprises, say, from one to two Hart's brand, and a pretty show cardis make it grow successfully in the rainy then spread stable manure in the fur-
acres,.and around etch is a belt of un- put on top., Some scalloped shelf- season-but planted in April they are row, not too heavily. Stable manure
broken forest to shield it from the paper is daintily placed around the ready to gather in July and can be seems to be the best fertilizer for sweet
frosts and cold winds. Each tree is a edge; then the smooth veneer covers'are cured under shelter. We have grown potatoes. If the manure can be put
model of symmetry and vigorous put in place. very fine ones, and there is nothing in the furrows a week or ten days be
growth, and nowhere in Florida have i Now, the old-time way is for the sticks' to the ribs like beans when one fore commencing to set out the plants,
we seen oranges of such size and sym- packer to put his knee, on the cover, is at'hard work." all the better. A rain or two upon it,
metrical shape, together with perfect bringing it into place, bruising and The navy or pea bean is a very pro to wet the manure and wash the
color, as we found heie. The secret mashing some of the fruit. Not so ductive variety as well as high pricedin strength into the soil where the plantscan
of it is perfect cultivation of the soil, here. A pretty piece of mechanism the market. The Boston Small get it, has made some of my heav-
liberal use of commercial fertilizers brings the cover gently against the Bean is the bean which sells in Boston. iest crops.
such as are found to be best, with fruit, forcing it down hardest right market at from twenty-five to forty I When ready to plant, run a cultivator -
thorough spraying to get rid of rust where it is to be nailed. In fact, the cents a bushel above the ordinary va-' through the furrow and sides to
and scab, or any thing that mightmar fruit is handled almost like eggs, and rieties of pea beans and mediums. It' mellow the soil and mix the manure,
the beauty of the fruit. Friend the boxes, too, are handled as if the is early, very hardy, and very prolific, then throw two furrows on this man-
Hart has for years been prominent in contents were eggs, as far as 'possible, I and yields from forty to sixty fold, and ure, and the beds are ready for the
the horticultural work of the State of until they are in the hands of the con- in some instances a ,hundred, with slips.I .
Florida, and has, perhaps, as perfect sumer. Mr. Hart's trade is princi- ordinary field culture. One hundred usually pull slips in the morning,
,knowledge on all matters pertainingto pally with a class of people who and twenty-three pods have been picked and commence to set in the field
Florida fruit culture as any man in want the prettiest oranges to be had, from one plant. The ripened seedis about 2 o'clock in the afternoon. I
the State. Therefore it is no wonder even if they do have to pay a little small, round and handsome. always wet the slips when I pull them,
that his fruit is second to none. In more for them. I have taken painsto Select light, warm soil, and plant I and when ready to set them, to keep
fact, he. gets a fancy price for it, for give these full details, because it is when danger from frost is past in the them as fresh as possible. In setting,
none but.fancy fruit goes out with his exactly what I:find whenever I visit a spring, in drills two to two and a half I try to firm the dirt well at the root
brand. His orange.packing house is fruit-grower or even a farmer, who feet-apart, dropping the beans about and loose at the top.. As soonas
a model of neatness and convenience, gets gilt-edge prices for his products.A two inches apart in the drill, and cover the plants'are established and grow
embracing all of the most improved handsome package certainly goes a one inch deep. Keep the ground off, I run a cultivator to kep the soil
I inventions up to the present day. He long way toward getting good prices. clean and loose. by frequent hoeing, loose and keep the weeds down.
pays an extra price for better materialfor Orange-packing establishments, beekeepers but do not draw the earth around the About a week later, they ought to be
boxes than I have used plants. Avoid working the cultivated and hoed
ever seen apiaries, and other like places among again takingcare
for the purpose. In fact, when we that are used at only certain periodsof vines when they are wet, ao it will not to hoe very deep close to the
visited the Congregational church on the year, are very likely to be found tend to make them rust., One quartto plant, but rather scrape or skim the
Sunday I was struck with the wonderful untidy, full of cobwebs, etc. Now, a hundred feet.of drill. weeds into the balk, and put fresh
beauty of some panels selected friend Hart may have done some Mr. Keck's advice is highly perti clean dirt around each plant, making
from specimens of Florida''pine. WhenI clearing up because he expected me to nent and seed can be procured fromJ. a hill or mound to each plant. If
asked about it I was told the panelswere come and maybe make comments in J. H. Gregory of Marblehead, they need cultivating again before
selections from some of the finest regard to his arrangements. But even Mass., I try and keep away from

-boards used-. for. the sides. of. .orange. '. if he did, he ought to have much the hill. Unless they get very grassy,
boxes. The hoops with which the credit for succeeding so well. His Sweet Potato Culture. I hoe but once.
I. boxes are bound are made by an in. whole packinghouse and much of its The Providence is probably the best When the plants have made suffi-
I' vention of Mr. Hart's, from long complicated machinery is made of resinous variety grown in the Southern States cient growth, I throw out every other
! slender stems of palmetto leaves. Southern pine ; but every pieceof for an all-round potato. The qualityas row of vines into the adjoining row,
; The process of gathering and pack- wood about the whole place seemedto a table potato is fairly good and its and then run ,a single plow twice on
; ing is'something'' like this : The fruit be1 not only planed smooth, but productivity is wonderful. In a very each side ol the hills, throwing dirt to
i is carefully picked, using ladders and sandpapered until everything looked' thorough special report on sweet pota- the row and well around each plant,
i step-ladders for the highest branches. like glossy hard-wood finish in a nice toes, lately made by the Louisiana to cover all small weeds without cover-
It'is' placed in a peculiar basket some- dwelling-house. The multitude of Experiment Station, the Providenceis ing the vines any more than necessary.
thing like the German tub hung over little conveniences and inventions in highly extolled. It is credited with After I have passed through the piecein
shoulders illustrated Glean- about twice the yield acre of this I commence again and
the in the way of short cuts, makes one read- per any way, ,
ings for 1894, p. 202. The pickers ily believe he has studied to simplifythe other variety ; it turned out on the reverse the vines, taking the other
take everything-good, bad and indif details, perhaps day and night, for station farm at the enormous rate of a balks that were missed and treat them
ferent. .Then the fruit is poured out years. thousand bushels per acre. the same way. If we have much rain
into a peculiar orange-box, made so A writer in the Southern Planter soon after laying by the crop, I usually
one will pile up over another and keep The freeze did not damage the gives the following directions: "The I go through and pull all the large
! its place securely, yet with the sidesso orange, lemon and lime trees of Pots- best land for sweet potatoes is a sandy weeds.
low that the pickers cannot heap dam. Qtto Stypmann has had quitea loam, rather light, with good drainage.You The object to be aimed at is to giveas
the oranges so the box above ,will lot of fruit that was not touched by can raise a good crop of sweet clean cultivation as possible.
.mash them. Not an orange is bruis- the cold; not even the bloom is hurt.- potatoes on land too poor to raise almost Some think it an advantage to go
ed or mashed during the whole pro Tropical Sun. 'any other crop, by using a little through and cut about half the tops

-- --' .......... ,- .. .. ..
.._..- c' -- :. = .......>......../., -
', -., '

, ,
I ,
II I''
I, '

i! r : ... ... ,>.... ;,

1 1t, ;: A FERTILIZER TO SUIT THE TIMES : .T: : .,.. I
,f.;::' '. ,"'" .:.a )!t. 1 _' I

"THE ,. :. :.:'.


" ,
!' "I ..;
:': 1VIanufaetut1ed by Wilson & Toomei, Jacksonville, Fla.


: Ammonia, ,4 1-2 to 5 1.2 per. cent. Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent
:,k Potash Sulphate, -' 11 to 13 per cent. ,f!
Made Exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate oL Potash i

ur: Price: $2 7.OO per 1on, F: O. :B. .
.- ... -
;, We also have a large supply of J. H. Baker & Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone,

Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, ,Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, Etc.

\ ; Correspondence Solicited. .

: .: : -VILSON: Rio TOO ER.
Bright Cotton Seed :Meal 817.5O per ton
I'I'"f Dark Cotton Seed Meal, 1 15.OO per ton. THE FERTIL'IZER MOUSE OF F'LORIDA.
off. Others advocate pulling the stalks may be l left. In the cultivationof i sun during the (day. Now, if the loose r also includes madder, houstonia, yel-
vines up where theo have rooted in the crop either a riding cultivatoror earth is thrown to instead of from the low jessamine and many other generaof
\ the balks. I have tried both ways, double shovel is the best implement plants this soil would absorb heat by this country, as :well as the bouvar-'
j and have come to the conclusion that to. use. A turning plow is seldom : day and moisture by night, and, give dia of our greenhouses, and coffee and
:' the plant should be left alone, and necessary unless the season is very wet I them a good start. If one gets cold in cinchona of tropical climes.
Y that it does more injury than good to and the grass gets too large for a cultivator bed during the night. he will certainlydraw This comparatively new plant, for
,: mutilate the vines. Let them grow as to cover, When the corn is the blankets closer to his body, us, was introduced from Mexico and
nature intended they should. quite small it maybe well to give the and not cast them off.. South America. Like Bermuda grass
first plowing with a narrow one horse Most Southern farmers, give their and Japan. clover, it, has worked its
Corn Culture. scooter or bull-tongue plow, but time corn one hoeing; yet by beginning in own way. Sometimes a new settler,
I.. Light, sandy soils should only be and labor will be saved usually by' time to kill the grass with side"hare back in the woods carries home froma
. t; plowed enough to turn under whatever waiting until the two-horse cultivatorcan rows and cultivators, this expensive neighbor's barn, a sackful of litter
dead grass, weeds or other rubbish be used. In fields where, on account implement-the hoe-need never be' from the bottom of manger, ,or:from
.,' may be upon the land, and plowed no of roots, stumps or other obstructions ; used, in the crop. When hoeing is the barn floor, and scattering this in i
more until planting time. Loose, sandy a riding cultivator cannot done, however, it should be 'followed his ploughed, field gets a.start.. But
soils do not retain manure well if stir- be used a three tooth side harrow will immediately by a good plowing witha mostly the seed travels with the birds,
red too deep before planting time, nor do good work in killing'very ,young double-shovel or cultivator, throw- or ,is carried with hay, or, in ,some
, should the manure be applied until grass and weeds, but it cannot be relied ing plenty of mellow soil to the plants. unpremeditated manner,makes its
just before planting. When manure is upon after the grass gets any size. Bear in mind that the tender, threadlike way to "fresh fields and pastures
.. applied in the hill instead of broad Only very small grass can be killed rootlets should not be disturbed. new." Once established, it is most
cast, as is often done in the South, the with a side harrow, but if used early; Hence the plowing should always be persistent: While it will show very
manuring and planting can proceedat enough it is an excellent implementfor shallow, and far enough from the little in the fields not under the plough,
the same time. Stable and other cultivating young corn. Three drjll to insure their safety. While the let the field be ploughed and the clover
heavy nfanures should be applied plowings are generally sufficient to first plowing may be safely done quite will! come up thick enough to choke
broadcast or distributed heavily in the make a crop of corn.unless the springor near the little plants all subsequent out any crop planted on the ground,
drills. Light fertilizers can be more prof- early .summer is very wet, when cultivation must be more and more unless kept down by cultivation. As
tably applied in the hill or around the four will be necessary. ,. removed towards the middle of f the stated'above, it starts alqng as soon as
roots of the coru after it is several row and near the surface. When the cultivation ceases, and in eight or ten
inches high. If the latter plan is'followed l. There., one method of cultivatingcorn last plowing is given we very often weeks is i in blossom, and fit to mow.
the corn should be immedi. known as "barring it off," which, sow a crop of cow peas in advance of In appearance, it is' not prepossessing.The .
ately plowed with a cultivator or I think, cannot be too strongly con- the plow, which soon make a good stem straggles and stools, the
double-shoyel that will throw aboutan demned. By this plan the soil is mulch for the ground ,and in the (fall leaves are scattered and narrow; the
'inch of loose soil around the roots, thrown from the plants by a turning an excellent cow and hog pasture.- flowerets coming into bloom a few at
thus covering up the manure and plow run on each side of the plants Dick Naylor. a time, ranging in color from skimmilkto
keeping it moist and in good condition' leaving them standing upon a narrow sky blue, it is much less attractive ,
to be assimilated by the plant.I bar of earth about six inches wide. than its cousin, red clover. But it '
consider the method known as The crop is then hoed and more or Spanish Clover. will make a fair swath, on light, sandy
"flat planting i. without bedding the land, as generallythe process. The advocates of barringcorn American Agriculturist, Colonel Jud and, moreover, it will 'sow itself,
best plan. It is adapted to any claim that by'thus denuding the I Pierce says of our Spanish or Mexican and will make a crop,the same season'it
kind of soil, and leaves the corn in roots of the plant the sun has a better 'clover growing so abundantly in. the starts.It .
the best condition for future cultiva- chance to warm it up and make it grow lower coast region, that among the cannot winter-kill, for it is strictlyan
tion. The drills' should be opened more rapidly; but I have not found plants of Southern growth in poor annual, and only the seed lives
1; by a bull-tongue scooter, following this to be the case. On the contrary, soils which will not support a growthof through the winter, and will, for that '
1 the furrow-makerand the rows should my observation and experience teachme the true clovers, is Mexican clover, matter, live'several winters and sum-
11 be from 3 to 4 feet wide-owing that nearly all crops do better when Richardsonia,scabra. Everywhere in : mers in the ground, until cultivation
jj to the natural; stength of soil and. the soil is drawn to instead of from the piney. woods country for a tier of I will wake the dormant seed,and is some-
amount of manure applied. The corn the plant at every cultivation. It is a counties or two, back from the coast times a source of more surprise' than
r should be dropped about' three feet well known fact that fruit growers draw of the Gulf of Mexico, it takes poses- pleasure. A piece of rough ground,
i: in the drill and plenty of seed put in the earth from the roots of their trees sion of cultivated fields as soon as which looked as if it had never seena
i insure a good stand as replanting in early spring in order to retard their cultivation ceases in the summer, plough, was broken up and planted
f. seldom if ever pays. blooming. The chilly night air keeps Early in the fall it has made enough in sweet potatoes by the writer. Therewas
1 1' 'On a' large majority of Southern. the sap from starting upward too ear- growth for hay, and returned enough little growth of grass of any kind,
L farms corn should be thinned out to ly. So instead of benefiting the corn seed to the ground, to start another 1 and no :Mexican clover noticed,though
j. but one stalk in a hill, unless a very plant by denuding its roots the growthis crop the following season. ,Botani-- doubtless there was some. Other
liberal application of manure has been retarded by the cold night air of cally it. is not.clover at ;all, but belongs work being,urgent, the potatoes were
given, in which case two or even three spring, and the roots are dried by the to the Rubiaceae family, which family not cultivated until after they were


..- "H__'_ =.



.. .

f well started. The clover took posses horns from one to three'years old with POPULAR POULTRY FARM
sion, and in the fall there was not a their combs and wattles as red as ,

crop of potatoes, but of hay. blood-every one of them, 'not a sin .
Stock .eat the hay with relish, and gle exception that we could discover. APOPKA FLORIDA.Opinion .

in the local market its price is usually The owner says that by observing'per
higher'than that of timothy hay from fect cleanliness in their quarters and of the Press.The .

the North. As a permanent pasture drinking vessels, by giving clean feed Vice-President of the Florida Poultry Association
land it is, of course, out of the question of sufficient variety, broken oyster makes the and following editor of comments the South on Florida the exhibitat Home,

as only cultivation will bring it shells and an unlimited range for ex- South Florida Fair:
up, but the aftermath, or the crop itself ercise, he fences out disease ; he does The next In order comes the Popular Poultry
Farm, Apopka, S. S. DeLanoy, proprietor, with
if not cut for hay, is preferred not know how to "doctor hens ; I one trio each' of Langshans, Indian Games,
! by both horses and cattle; to any other would not do'it if he did. Once'in a White Leghorns and Black Minorcas-and four

I, forage plant of this section. In this great while, if a hen is sick and does better trios were seldom seen. The Indian
coast country it ,grows only on the not recover of her own accord, he Games were the best we have ever seen, and
light land, the heavier soil of the flats chops her head off and throws her easily won the blue card, as did the White Leghorns -
and Minorcas. The Langshans ought to
and reclaimed swamps, when cultivated away. I have had the first, but through an oversight o
being occupied by crab grass. "Once in a long while a hawk the Judge it was given to A pair that were dis
catches one, but it takes a right lively -=- qualified.The .
hawk to catch a Brown Leghorn in __-- above, coming from a breeder of experience. -
Poultry. Is worth the attention of all who contemplate
the open piney woods, now I tell = the purchase of fowls or eggs. .
""'- - -
-" you." His breeding establishment is :- Send stamp for catalogue. I
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla.
conducted on another farm ; this one s. s. De AT TOY, 3PROIE '
- - """
A 'Florida Poultry Farm. "-"" is devoted entirely to egg production.To ...
a hundred fowls he gives in the I
Nothing could better prove the morning eight quarts of hot mash barrel" will be found :when grown for about twice what the bird will bring

healthfulness of poultry in this State composed of meal, bran and cotton- market thin in body and long in neck in the autumn. When located so that

and the profitableness of the business seed meal; at night four quarts of and legs-the very things most unde- the flock cannot be prevented from

when rightly managed, than the farm wheat, or corn, if it is a cold raw sirable. A cross between the White damaging the neighbor's crops it
of Mr. ,R. Puddy, at Lawtey. He hasat evening, In the mash three times a Holland and Bronze is perhaps the would be far wiser to engage in raising

present 200 hens, half ot them pure week, is mixed a teaspoonful of con best of all, since the young do not possess other fowls, since turkeys under these

Brown Leghorns and half of them dition powder for a week, the alternate the extreme domestic nature of conditions generally prove very un
mongrels. They are divided into two week it is omitted. He sows the former or the wild roving nature of profitable.-B. F. Simons, in New

flocks of 100 each, having; their re patches of rye for them, and if he the latter, while their peculiar plumage York Tribune.

spective headquarters only about 500 I happens to be out of rye he burns offa makes them easily distinguishable at a 1.4Choice

yards apart, with no fences between, wire grass "rough," and the tender distance, or from the pure white or Eggs. i

and yet they do not mingle. They grass as it springs up answers the, black flocks of the neighbors. From our poultry editor, Mr. S. S.

range freely through the piney woods same purpose. He keeps them off Neither the old nor young should-be DeLanoy, of Apopka, we have received -

and over cultivated fields, getting the strawberries and other crops with confined in coops or pens for even a a basket of Langshan eggs as a
abundant exercise which is the great wire-mesh fence. single day, but allowed to wander, sample of his shipments. The eggs

secret of their perfect health. We went around with the hired man care being taken to have them driven are of a reddish brown and exceedinglyrich

Mr. Puddy has not been established and enjoyed once more that rare pleas toward home near night, if far away, color, and are so securely packed

, in the business long in this locality ure''' of the farm boy gathering, the and fed. This will not have to be repeated that nothing, excepta disaster which
1 and has been obliged to utilize such eggs. Though there had been a heavy many days before it will become wrecked the basket itself could break

odds and ends of buildings as were rain, the hens run on a-wire grass sod unnecessary. Young turks cannot be them.
available on the farm when he purchased and the were as clean as chalk. successfully raised on corn meal. The -* ..
it. He is not particular about He got 129. For March, up to date, best food consists of bread made from W. R. Fuller of the F. C. & 'P.,

the style of his buildings provided the several days' collections had been cheap wheat flour and moistened with railroad came up from the Manatee .
county Saturday, loaded down to the
afford shelter and from milk.
they security 92, 116, 119, 115, 125. 117, 112, 133 gunwales with branches
thieves and animals; but the main i The Brown Leghorns oranges, orange -
113, 129. Samuel Cusham of the Rhode is- lemons, limes in bloom and
matter, the system observed, is'appar- outlay the mongrels about in the ratio grape-
land station in fruit, looking as fresh and blithe as a
ently the perfection of thoroughness will experiment explains
of to They gain right
70 55. maiden
his bulletin the method of on her sixteenth birthday.-
; and cleanliness, yet very simple. along for a month or two and will lay turkey Tribune.
; There are board floors under the without a break until they begin to "shingling" or "boarding," which con- Tampa
; ,roosts and the droppings are collected moult in August. In February he sists in tying a shingle or board on the Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
j' weekly and mixed withtwice their which broughthim backs of turkeys to confine them with-
gathered 2940 eggs, Most Perfect Made.ITALIAN .
, bulk of soil, the compost is then moistened $49, and of this $31 was net pro- in an enclosure. While they may be -- .
i piled in conical heaps and covered fit. At present he buys all his feed, ,thus confined, the method is certainlya
i with old sacking. Here it heats but is planning to raise part of it. cruel one, and it will not only prove

I slightly and it is then stored away in The broody hens being removed futile but ultimately very unprofitable.No you You're keep the bees loser to gather unless BEES
barrels for use on his strawberries and hampered animal ever yet proveda the sweets of nature about '
every night he never has a rotten egg. you. flee Kevplnur 1"
other He uses about a thousand paying animal. When "shingled"they MenMiintund Profitable to either sex, In town
crops. This his a good reputationand or !
gives eggs country Ml I'ngn/ lice Hook free to all.
pounds to the acre, sometimeswith he sells them in Jacksonville at a are placed at the mercy of foxes, J. Al. JKItIJV.S] Wetumpku.., Ala.
a mixture of potash, and finds it fixed'' .the round. dogs, hawks, and all other enemies. -
price year From the finest fowls in
1 of very great value as a fertilizer. He will enlarge .his flock to 400 They should not only have their free E G G S defy the west competition.,at Prices 42 that va-
I The roosts are on one side of the hens divided into four flocks and dom; so as to escape those animals i rie iesscorlng 90 to 9 U.
; Before buying,do not fail to
get our
rooms, the 'nests on the other, distrib- these will fit into his rotation of crops, which prey upon them, but owners contains finely illustrated 40 page catalogue. It
uted around the floor in a series of covering in all about thirty acres. must keep up a deliberate and persistent information remedies you should recipes have and, prices much,

irregular boxes open at the top. The warfare upon all vermin, or their Bowers etc. Postpaid&Barr only,Box 5 cents.a Dakota,III.
nests are made of tobacco stems, Profit in Turkeys.For losses will materially reduce their pro. '.

which insures absolute ,exemptionfrom the last few years no kind of fits.The HATCH
vermin. The roosts are poultry raising has received molts attention old turkeys should be sold before WITH THE MODEL
made of peeled and. seasoned in the rural districts than that Thanksgiving because they are as EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR.

cypress poles, which seem to be also of raising turkeys, and no business fat as they will be; while if they are Thousands In SuccebsfuIOperation..

proof against vermin, as no precautionis will yield a larger profit in proportionto carried longer, not only is the value of l SIMPLE SELFREGUL.4TtG.! PERFECT and.

.required except an occasional appli. the amount invested when conducted the feed lost, but often their weight is .. "" Guaranteed to batch a

cation:? of. sharp lime in the hottest along the right lines. diminished as well. Young birds may fertile larger eggs percentage,at lens! cost of,
part of the summer. At first much depends on the selec- be kept until Christmas; or New Year's Lowest First clam priced than(tiend6o.forIllus.Oatalog.any other Incubator.

The owner claims that vermin is tion of the breeders. The turkey without loss.Unless 4E1/Hatcher U.ST made.AliI.._t 14to122 8.Circulars 6th Ht..Qulncy.llI.Free.

practically unknown in his flocks from which is found to be plump and heavyin the birds can wander at a -- -, --.-,.--
one year's end to another, that thereis November will command the highest considerable distance from the build- NEW P& OATALOGUE

no sore head, no roup, no cholera; market price. As a rule] pure bred ings, so as to pick the greater part of AND CUIDE to Poultry Silieri for 1895.
and certainly the appearance of the fowls are the most profitable, but pure- their living, they will not be a paying ing Oontains a photo over of ISO the fine largest illustrations hennery In show the

fowls confirms the statement. It wouldbe ness of breed should be disregarded if investment. When reared in yards o' sure west.remedies Gives best and plans recipes for for poultry all diseases houses,
difficult to imagine a prettier rural one would secure best results from the about buildings, they are a dead loss, also valuable information on the kitchen
and flower garden sent for only 10 cents
sight than the flocks of Brown Leg- turkey. The bird..;J that t can eat off a the value of food consumed being John Bauicher\ Jr.,F.' 0.Box 31 Import,m.

\"..L _,, u't 'U" '_C'U U-. -- -.-------.-. ----. -. _-- -:--. -',-: ,- :- ;...... -....- .. .- ...... _1 _.....i"THE "



--- -
State News.Fat Our Rural Home. any objection to that way of saving(?) Awarded ",
the fruit. Highest Honors-World's Fair,
Now I" think it is about time to

Island Nursery, owned by W. Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, offer a.protest. DR.*

Neve, of this place, and located two St. Thomas Fla. ...- The orange is the pride of our
miles from town, contains 30,000 or- fair Florida, why should we use it,
ange nursery trees from one-half inchto Among Our Home Folks. either in the fresh or frozen state, to ICE
three inches in size, and 2,000 lem- Some time ago a correspondent sug- make that which has proved a curseto
on stocks. It passed safely throughthe gested that we have a column "just mankind ? Is the fact that we can
December freeze, and was only among ourselves," containing odds thereby gain a few paltry dollars a
slightly injured by the February freeze. and ends, questions and replies,.anything sufficient reason for our posing as CREAM
and everything original, and stumbling blocks for our brothers ?
The trees are now putting on
new young growth.-Leesburg Commercial. even selected (in small quantities) that Verily, the love of money is the
would interest women.If root of all evil. BAlING
Mr. W. A. Marsh, superintendentof the editor-in-chief will allow us M.

the experiment station last fall set space, such a column could be made .

out 40,000 sisal hemp plants for Dr. interesting to our housekeepers and The Necessity of Composure.One .
O. Clute. They have stood the cold housemothers.A MOiDLR
thing which, if not a necessity,
weather and are now growing finely letter from a dear old German is at least conducive to comfortable .
showing up in long green rows. Mr. lady lies before me, and I herewith
Jiving, is hardly appreciated even by Cream of Tartar Powder. Free -
Marsh is getting things in good shapeat send her hearty thanks for her A pure Grape
expres- who it. This is the other adulterant
those need
most from Ammonia, Alum or any
the station. The dwelling has been will.
sions of appreciation and good
need of having some time each day 40 YEARS THE STANDARD.
painted and the ground is being
Her son (a subscriber of THE FARMER alone. It is live
entirely impossible to
planted in various crops.-Ft. Myers 'AND FRUIT GROWER for over ten without of T
comfortably composure
Press.A years) is also begged to accept my mind, and there is no way of securingit tent to which a tin utensil may be
. correspondent!' of the Florida Star sincere sympathy and best wishes, so surely as to spend .a short time adulterated. The family had used
.. says of White City: When the bliz with the hope that, God willingandif each day-snd a long time is even bet- coffee: from this coffee pot for some
zard of last December struck them the railroads will carry me (free- ter-in silence and free from interrup- time, supposing that the inferiority of

their crops were swept away. 'They some time we may shake hands over tions. It is soothing to tired nerves, the decoction of coffee was due to the
replanted and the freeze of February mutual afflictions. and strenthening to the tired mind. coffee bean itself, and npt ,to the dishit
again swept them away. Again, noth By all means, Mrs. N., let us have The person who does not like to "be was cooked in. After 'several ex-
ing daunted, they put in ancther crop, the'"log" when you take your next alone, who does not even strongly desire periments in different kinds of coffee,
and now every farm is. green with a trip. It may give us a glimpse of the to be alone, once in a while, is al- it was decided to cook portions of the
growing crop of beans, tomatoes, po- true Florida again. She has worn her ready,on the high road to ill health.It same coffee in different' dishes, the result
tatoes, cucumbers, melons, etc. It is mask so long that many atourist', will [ is the only way to have relief from proving conclusively that the 1
doubtful if in the entire State of Florida not see her blooming face, and the the confusion of always being in some trouble lay in the tin coffee pot. A

,there is such a bright prospect of a remunerative kindly smile that was wont to shine one's presence, which will, sooner or cheap saucepan of tin pointed suspic-

crop. upon us. But, finding one bright blue later, either affect the nerves or weakenthe iously to an adulteration of lead in the
Mr. H. M. Lovelace, who has violet to day, I hail it as a sign that mind. fact'that it was almost impossible even
our land will soon throw off her hideous to water to the boiling point,in
charge of the grove property of McCormick Wherever or however you live, then
& Hubbs in this city, states disguise and put on her own true see to it that you have at least one it.-New York Tribune.
that immediately after the first freeze colors-after'' the long "day that has hour out of every twenty-four which --*. .. -.
he wrapped straw around all the young tried men's souls. you can call your own. Some busy Your Veil.
Mr. A. J. Hart, Jamaica, B. W. I.,
trees on the new ground which'were people may at first think this is impos-
the veil has
is informed that I have not the seed The salesgirl at counter
set out on Mr. Hubbs' place last fall. sible; but we rarely find any one who ideas. wide
some good Buy a
in I findit
he wishes. If the near future
This of has remainedon time than this
wrapping straw does not waste more
veil she
florist will enough urges, always
catalogued by any get '
and an examination of the young every day, and who is not the worse
and will be to width, unless it be overdose bonnet; : ,
pleased exchangefor
stock during the past week reveals some, off for the waste? The very act of ,
West Indian fruit. buy a good quality-the flimsy rags
the fact that the large majority of them : that home folks taking this hour strengthens the will, are the most expensive in the end, ;
Recipes our con-
are still alive, andgive every promiseof and adds that much to the comfort of time of
and look well
never ;
although not always worthy a any
doing well.-Crescent City News. jure up, living, since a weak willed person is at
in their service select one of fine net,
place (at least they may think) a ;
The citizens of Ormond held the mercy of everthing and every per- with small dot the A'
a cook-book, will be welcome in this a far-apart ; cross- ,.
meeting last Friday night to discuss column. Just now I have placed in son that encroaches upon his rights; barred meshes make lines on the face
the ways and means of getting rid of the oven a couple of oat meal pud- and not the least of these is the life.rightto that are exactly like wrinkles, and the J

the hog nuisance in our town. One dings; as prepared in the same way live a healthy, comfortable sprigged and befigured ones ...are j
of the plans proposed was to pledgethe day after day, the cereals pall upon .. equally unbecoming ; don't use an I:
voters ,of the town, irrespective of the appetite, and this makes an agree- Tin Utensils. edged veil, it only makes a thick look Ii
party, to refuse hereafter to vote for able change. The creapest cooking vessels now about the throat, as all veils now are {,

any present member of the legislature, Two eggs (though one will do), two in use are those of tin. A very fair gathered nnder 'the chin, not left i
for any office for which he may here. teacups ot water, with one teaspoonfulof tin pail may be bought as low as five hanging free and above all dont wear r !
after be a candidate, that refuses 'to condensed milk, half a cup of sugar, cents. The common tin can of the a veil after it is torn ; a slit across one
work or vote for 'a modification of the six tablespoonfuls of oat meal, half a, canner is so cheap,an article that it is eye or on the nose, or showing a bitof ;j
fence law'so as to make a legal fence, teaspoonful of salt and a little grated not considered worth, saving. hair, is' intolerable, and spoils an ,1
'one'that will turn cattle and horses, nutmeg. Beat the eggs thoroughly, The price of pure tin and the laborof otherwise effective toilet/ and.9 finally 9. 1
and who does not vote for the repealof aaa me com water. ana other ingredients making these, with the immense always pin, never, tie, a veil. ,
the I2oo. inhabitant law.:-Coast of the manufacturer are :
stirring in the oat meal slowly.Set profit entirely "
Gazette. the pan on the 'stove and stir fre- disproportionate. It is well known Fancy Box: '

Figures tell us that the season's crop quently until it thickens; then pour I that a many of these cheap uten- For Our Rural Home. w 1
of oranges in 1893 and 1894 in Or. into cups or greased tins (I use tin dip, sils are vilely adulterated with a dan- A lovely box may be made of the .
ange county was some 750,000 boxes. pers that have lost their handles). Put gerous metal that makes them a men- plain deep box in which linen note
The average haul of those oranges is into the oven and bake slowly until ace to the health of the public. Leadis paper comes.
not less than three and a half miles, well done. It may be made much commonly used as an adulterant of The one I have in mind is eight ',;
which cost eight cents per box, $32- richer. tin, with antimony, and everybody inches long, five inches wide and ;
000; the cost of hauling fertilizers, Hope our home folks will not be knows that lead is one of the most three and one-half inches high.
supplies for the men and the teams to backward about coming forward and poisonous'of all metals. A cheap tin The cover, which conceals the' entire i

grow them, and the boxes is as much keep this column filled, coffee pot, which was recently purchased box, is padded on top with two !
more, $64,000, for oranges alone. I ED. O. R. H. gave off so much color and I or three layers of wadding; This is
am ready to say that with the good --- ... ...- flavor that the boiled decoction was then covered with cream color satin, I
roads proposed, this hauling can be A Protest.For turned a dark leadish color, and was on which has been embroidered a
done for one-third of what it is possi-- Our Rural Home. unpleasant to the taste. The same spray' .of apple blossoms, or pink :
ble to do it i with our present roads, a I have noticed in the F. & F. G. coffee, made in an earthen pipkin in roses may be used, worked with Asia- ;
saving to our growers each season, on I several articles and short notices men, exactly the same way, proved delicious tic filo in natural colors! The siges! I
our orange crop alone, of over$40,000. tioning the making of wine from, in flavor, and of a bright gold color. are covered with pink silk', overlaid :
-Orlando Reporter. frozen oranges and I have not seen' This is a strong illustration of the ex with cream color lace, slightlyJrilled.


,tr t



muuiuniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinimMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiini ) Ostrich Farms. :'l1!

') Ostrich farmers who rushed into the ;

M business a few years ago when it was Wintersmith's Chill ... :i;
first boomed have found that it is not

all their fancy painted. Instead of be-
i coming multi millionaires in a few The For Malaria Tonic i )

\ years, many of them have not-paid ex- Medicine which Is the chief cause "S

/' penses; others have made a little of Known For General Debility .

money, but less than the same amountof Merit. For BiliousnessFor ;
I capital and labor would have Constipation ::
brought them in almost any other Tried and True For loss of Appetite I;

business. 30 success 30 Being the best Remedy for these things on the market. '
( The great mistake was the failure to Sells on its merits, and all Druggists keep it.
iiiiii4l realize that the ostrich,being still wild, Try it. ARTHUR PETER&co.,Wholesale Agents,Louisville,Ky.
( could not successfully be subjected to

the same treatment and conditions under -

birds which will thrive.domesticated In confinement animals they and WE E HAVE E HEALTHY POT-GROWN An Immense stock Guavas of Eugenias,

i R I PI multiply but slowly and produce feathers Camphors,Fuscata Palms, Gardenias and Olea Fragrans,
Magnolia thousands of other
of inferior while their
an grade, desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write ..
I vicious instincts are still'so, strong thatit for our prices. .
1 When this disease gets hold of you is often impossible to remove the p. j. mucioiAXS; I

'. i I with all its accompanying tortures, = feathers without killing the bird. To FRUITLAND NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgia.
about which
E you require a remedy =
make the business the
success expected
there is
| no uncertainty-something
| that will quickly drive out the cold, 2I it is necessary to gain more experience Trees I
restore the blood to a normal condition = in the proper management of the Orange
!i leave you free from aches and 5 ostriches, and by a careful,.course of
| pains, and prevent any distressingE breeding to eradicate or tame down -
after effects. That's = Lemon Trees I
the wild nature so that they may be

I PAIN-KILLER I II II approached and handled in compara- ,
tive safety. Ostrich farms will doubt-

;I No other remedy so effective, none' less eventually prove a success, not
The Old Reliable Nurseries.
I I so certain of results. Teaspoonful = only in California, but in Florida and Buckeye
I doses in hot milk or water, every 3 Texas, but they cannot be made so in _
I 12 hours, will break it up in a single |
j day if taken when first attacked. | a year or two. Time,, patience and I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va-
skill are even more requisite in this rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from.five
SON Providence ft. I.Rmunnnmm .
PERRY DA...VIS& .,.; than in other branches of farmjng.N. .- to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at
.nnnmm".11111.11111111111 t unuui m
Y. World.Dr. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King. Orange.

1 l ,Bows of ribbon matching the flowers e Write for prices.
nestle among the gathers of lace. Price's Cream Baking Powder M. E. GILLETT, Prop.,
f'L The World's Fair Highest Medal and Diploma. Weirsdale Fla.
of box is padded and .
;': thickly sprinkled ,with sachet powder, Worth Remembering. COMPLETEAutomatic ,
covered with pink silk. This is A little molasses upon a mustard PAID, FOR
( a.dainty for handkerchiefs Mixer. Barrel Attachment.
draft will blistering.A c';
prevent ::
;, collars and cuffs, neckties, veils, etc. paste of whitening and benzine 60, 00I III in use legists Endorsed of the by U.H.theleudingEntomol-A valuable illustrated
ZOE RYi,IAN. MAKES: 3 COMPLETE: Book (worth fi.oo given to each purchaser.
will remove spots from marble. I Katisfactiou< GunrLateed, or Money Refunded.
: i iil.
:, I The Modern Trunk. Tissue or printing paper is the best I BRASS MACHINES: Our CataloguoandTrcntisoonSprayingFreo.Agents are mo kiuf! ?from !Its: to $!2Over lay.
''I }'or particulars und P. C. LEWIS MFC. CO.,
:I The modern trunk has a flat top and thing for polishing glass or tin ware. F f WILLSPRAY ACRES PER DAY. terms,add ret-s Box ,jj Catsklll,N.Y,
A bit of soda dropped into the cavity -- --
the trunk of few .
i round-topped only a '
, looks old-fashioned beside of an aching tooth will afford re- ..
; years ago now I.t
I it. The flat-topped trunk stacks lief.Egg '-wiii---: 1I

, j easier in a baggage car, it packs away shell crushed and shaken in I Of imitation ft!f:
bottles halt filled with water
glass ,
' 1 better in a stateroom, and it makes a trade marks
, j will clean them quickly. and \
very good seat in a room in a summer att
J J hotel, in fact, the flat-topped trunk, The juice of half a lemon in a glassof

j with a suitable covering, is not Unknown water, will frequently relieve a sick

::. j 1 nent residence.' as a seat in places of perma- headache. ....... AKI/\ ADD HAJt\Jt\EK\ SOPAU ti

---. --- Orange growers up in the State are I?
! The manager of the San Antonio making inquiries from parties hereto pNDHAIy
.: Cal. Fruit Exchange ,has contracted learn if bud wood, for orange and in packages .
fruit trees can be secueed. Lee
load of grape P
:1 to ship a car oranges a
;j ,to Florida for the use of the large county can supply the State if neces-

''J hotels. This is an apt illustration of sary.-Tropical News... I Costs no more than inferior package soda-

J 'sending coals to Newcastle," but we -* never spoils the flour, keeps soft, and is universally -
I will return California's gracious favor LUCAS COUNTY. /88. acknowledged purest in the world.
when her crop gets frozen.-Coast FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that he
Gazette. is the senior partner of the firm of F. J. Made only by CHURCH & CO.,New York.
i CHENEY & Co., doing business in tho Cityof Sold by grocers everywhere.
Since has discovered the Toledo and State aforesaid,and
some one ,County Write for Arm and Hammer Book of valuable Recipes-FEES.fctete .
that the said firm will pay the sum of
tussocks in Orange Lake to be fairly ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and te alive with rabbits our have
case of Catarrh that cannot bo cured
I .abandoned the land, and the very novel by every the use of HALL'S CPTARUII CURE. To Orange-Growers.
! sight of a rabbit hunt in boats is be- FRANK J. CHENEY.
coming a daily occurrence. It is nothing Sworn to before mo and subscribed in
. unusual for a'' party to bag as many my presence, this 6th day of December, The largest crop and best grade of fruit can only be obtainedby
A. I), 1866.
: as '75 to' 100 rabbits in a single after-
"'" fertilizers containing
noon, and frequently a fine string of A w. GLEASON, using
fish into the bargain.-Ocala Banner. { SEAL. } Notary Public. I
1 e J Not Less than 12o/0 Actual Potash.( )
1 W. T. Jackson offers to wager a suit Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internallyand
of clothes .that he will have boxes acts directly on the blood and mucous
:; 300 surfaces of the system. Send for testi- This equally true of pine-apples and other tropical fruits.
of his Micanopy
oranges on place near monials, free.

the coming season.GainesvilleSun. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.6Y'"Sold Our books on Potash arc sent free. They will coM you nothing to lend, and wil 'save

J0 by Druggists, 75c. you dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS,93 Nassau Street, New York.


.. ... ,. ---. ,..,-..-- ....-...-.... ..,"' ... r.y/-_ #._.., 0'" ..._. __.. _....,- ---..-.--- --..- .-........ --. "---' ._- __ ...,. ;..;::;;:.
Pi"'tn 1 ru'rTHE




TERMS OF! SUBSCRIPTION COMBINATION. Glimpses of Florida. agriculture," and will not enter the ,I

For Ohe Year .i...........a v..............82.00 Under the above title which building, and consequently miss the
! For Six Months........................ ..... i.oo A Hare Offer. per- '
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 mits the author to bring together a Florida displays in that building.
Subscriptions in all cases cash in For $3.25 we will send THE FARMER series of sketches ranging from the On the ,other hand, when they see a

advance. No discount allowed on one's AND FRUIT GROWER and the Cos- period of creation down to the present Florida building, every. man, woman

own subscription(except in a club), but to mopolitan Magazine one year. time, much more interesting than a and child, will go ,in to see what the
all agents a liberal cash commission will cold weather has left of the 'Land,of
formal history would be Capt. JohnH.
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby For $2.75 we will send our paper '
them. Write for terms. Welsh has published a little vol- Flowers. In this building distinctive
To every new subscriber we will send, and the Rural New Yorker one ume. It is needless to say that Captain county exhibits can be displayed. The

: postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Gardening year. Welsh is an enthusiastic believerin object of the commission is to demon-

in Florida." For two new sub- For $2.50 we will send our paper Florida, and her good attributes, strate to the world that Florida is all
will send
scribers, at $2.00 each, we ,
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange and the Weekly New York Worldor more particularly her atmosphere, her right. ...._. --
Culture." phosphates and her loyalty. The fol
New York Tribune one year. Concession to Melon Growers.

Rates Remittances of advertising should be on made check, To a club of ten subscribers, at lowing is a very good sample of his The railroads of Florida have shown
which find under the head-
style, we
I postal note. money order or registered $1.25 a year each, we will send eleven that they are not wholly indifferent_ to
I letter to order of ing of "Consumption : the needs of the people in the serious!
! FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER copies of THE FARMER.AND FRUIT Wherever you happen to be when emergency which has fallen
, Jacksonville, Fla.
i I GROWER, the Cosmopolitan at $1.25, the doctors.say "pneumonia" or "bron- them. The managers of all the lines

or either of the three weeklies at 60 chitis" (they never call' it consump- leading out-of the State agreed -sometime
tion) go to Florida, go at once and reduction in
cents each. Thus $3.10 buys two ago upon a charges
stay there. Settle; down in the high, which is be made
receive of this to on melonsnoother
If weeklies
f you a copy standard and a grand maga- woods if
dry, piney possible
; among fruit
or vegetables
which did not order being -
paper you zine for one '
year. pleasant people and you the only in-
' I -when the season Ona
sub opens.
; consider it invitation to
an it To a club of'five, at $1.50 each, we valid. Secure a large, airy room on car of melons, for instance,. from De
scribe. If do not want
you will send five of the second floor, fill the space under your
copies our paper, Land to Cincinnati or any other pointon
kindly hand it to a neighbor. "
Cosmopolitan at $1.25, or either of bed with "fat lightwood, split finely ; the, Ohio .river, the charge will be

i CONTENTS. the three weeklies at 60 cents each. make sure of good ventilation ; wear $84.60, and to other points further
flannel underwear, no matter what the North in proportion which is reduc-
In this offer $3.35 buys two weekliesand '
thermometer registers : 'keep out of
tion of about $10.00 carload and
GROVB AND ORCHARD-Orange Trees, To per ;
Make them More Hardy; What May be a great magazine.The draughts ; think of all the jokes you places the growers of Florida substan-.
j Learned; Dishonest Fertilizers; Proba-Fruits clubs need not be confined to ever heard ; inflate the lungs fre- with
: bility of June Bloom; Northern tially on an equal footing those of
for the 163 quently with pure, dry air; eat plain
with Growing one postofiice or to one date. We Georgia. .
; A Brave Letter' A Day Munson; -
from ... food drink plenty of milk exercise
I Oranges Seed 164 ; ;
I A Florida Orange Grove...........;. 165 i will give you a month in which to I moderately let the other fellow It displays some magnanimity on
FARMER AND TRUCKER-The Navy Bean; ; worry the part of the Georgia railroads that
;, Sweet Potato Culture.................... 165 make up a club. But the number and shoot the first fiend who whispers :
Corn Culture; Spanish Clover............. 166 mentioned in each must be secured his they would consent to become a party :
I man days numbered.
Florida Farm Profit in reduction which .
POULTRY-A Poultry ; to to certain
j I Turkeys; Choice} Eggs.................... 167 and the money sent before we can 4 a a extent
I OOR RURAL HOME-Among Our Home Folks; the reduced rates. A Florida Display in Atlanta. operates against the interest' of
, A Protest; The Necessity of Composure; give you their own .
\ Tin Utensils;Your Veil; Fancy Box..... 168 It is needless to praise the publica- When the legislature consents to growers.As
The Modern Trunk; Ostrich Farms 169 tackle this subject-if it does-it will intimated, the above informa-
I from the Far North tions above named. They are simplythe
EDITORIAL-Sugar ; Just
\ Demands of the Orange Growers; Glimpses foremost of the world in their respective not answer to plead poverty, for the tion is not strictly in the nature of
\4. of Florida;A Florida Display in Atlanta report of Comptroller Bloxham news. The,reduction was made early
: ; Concession to Melon Growers;Vineless' classes. prov-
Sweet Potato and Bunch Yam 170 ing the contrary, is too,recent in the enough in the season to produce

i Treatment Sweet Corn of Grove.and Nursery; Cory....171 Just: Demands of the Orange Growers. recollection of the people. Atlanta is 'whatever effect it might upon the
I Upland Rice Culture Castor Bean; Poultry well down toward this planted for the
I in Volusia County;... ........... .... .... 172 pretty part of acreage managerssent
I OneCause of High Taxes.............. .... 173 The orange growers of Micanopy the country and the idea is to make,;, out special agents to inform the
Too Kaffir Much Corn Inferior; Farming Fruit on; Careless Bay Biscayne.Drivers.; 174 lately met in 'convention and adopteda such a display as to whet the appetiteof growers of the concession, though no

...... preamble and resolutions. The lat- the ,visistors and induce them to intimation of it was given to the

Weather in Jacksonville. ter are as follows: come on down and inspect the State metropolitan papers.. .

41 '. poO' Resolved, 1st, That it is best, just itself. In a recent address to the peo- Vineless
Sweet Potato
a a. b = dI 1=1...: and Bunch
DATE. cri Po ell H. M g ell O'''''poO w and right and absolutely indispensable ple the Florida Commissioners, ,.Mes Yam.,

00 00 =a ::?! in our present impoverished,con- srs. Ingraham, Chipley and Brown, The Bunch Yam of Mississippi was
--- - -
Mch. 5.... .... 53 52 65 51 14 58 0Mch.6 dition and to the continuance our say: tried by several of our subscribers and

Mch. ................. 59 66 68 73;8 50 t6 23 22 62 67 T 0 ability to,pay our taxes, that the lands The question as to how a'proper ex- in our own garden two years ago, and

Mch.8........61 61 64. 60 14 62 .84 upon which orange groves formerly hibit can be secured is what concerns proved unsatisfactory. It was called t
Mch. q. 50 53 66 49 17 58 T
Mch. 10 .... 51 M 30 stood and which were assessed for the people and this commission. Thereare indifferently the Vineless or Bunch
Mch It....... ... 62 67 80 57 23 68 .9 2 State and county taxation, as orange several interests in Florida from Yam. It appears that there two distinct -
- --
Mean ..... 57 61 71 52 19 62 *176 grove "property, be now assessed at whom the people are looking for assis- varieties. A writer. in the,Southern -
'Total rainfall. the valuation placed upon the com- tance and direction. The commissionis Planter says:

T Trace. E.,R.. DEMAIN, Observer. mon farming lands of our county, not advised that. the Plant System will I have many inquiries about ,the

'. exceeding $5.00. per acre, and upon make a display worthy of its well- Vineless potato, and I wish describe

Sugar from the Far North. this valuation we unitedly demand known enterprise, which will consist of kin your columns. I bought the seed

We have received from the Idaho. that our assessments be made and the resources on its line in the Statesof last year in Dallas, Texas, and at. the
Experiment Station an abstract of a maintained.2d. South Carolina, Georgia, Alabamaand same time bought the Bunch yam in

complete report on sugar beets which That our county commissioners Florida. Alabama. The vines of the two are

will soon be published. Beets were be and they are hereby memoria- The Florida.Central and Peninsular very .much alike, but are of a different

grown at eleven points in that frosty lized to curtail county expenses so System will organize a display from color,and the Bunch yam has much

State and 192 analyses were made, !that the percentage of taxation may be the counties on its line. more vine, causing it to be late. The

giving an average! 13.7 per cent, of decreased as well as the valuation of The Flagler System is doing the two are easily distinguished all

sugar and 76.08 degrees of purity. The I the above mentioned class of property preliminary work for a display of the through the growing.season. At digging -'

director says: "Idaho has about 10 believing that the burden shouldnot resources of the East coast. the Vineless would aboutdoublethe ,

million acres suitable for the culture of fall alone upon the tax-payers, but The Louisville and Nashville has yield, and is a much better cook-

the sugar beet. Each of these acres should be shared by every person and organized for an exhibit from Western ing potato. It resembles in appear-

will produce 35 tons of beets, or a every interest.3d. Florida. ance a cross between the Jersey and

total of 250,000,000? tons. Takingthe That our legislature to convenein The J., T. & K. W. System has not Spanish. It is of a lighter color than

average percentage of sugar ((13 7 April proximo, be, and the same is yet been definitely heard from.If the Nansempnd, as I remember it.

per cent.) as a basis for calculationand hereby memorialized to remain in session these exhibits from the different. So far it is a good keeper. The

the number of tons (possible production only long enough to enact laws sections are scattered t through) the va- seed are now in kilns of pine needles I

), we will ''get a product of for the financial relief of the State, rious buildings, their force and effect covered with earth. The thermome1 1

34,250,000 tons of sugar. Idaho can and we recommend that an act that a will be greatly lessened, and it is all ter registered -|-20 on the morning of j

be sweet." mortgage shall have no recourse upon important for Florida, that a State !he 9th. If the seed continues good, J

The first thing the people of the other property than that covered by building should be provided. For ex- It may be classed as a good keeper. I

South know, their occupation of mak-- the mortgage, for its full and complete ample, thousands who visit the expo- I shall grow them largely the coming ;

ing cane sugar will be gone. Florida satisfaction, be one of the laws pass- sition will see the Agricultural Build-j year because they are early and make 1 1I

ought to be astir in this.matter. ed. I ing and say "I am not I I a good yield. I


_. --- ;' ,H.r.. :.;; .'L-.,. +[ : :;,;: .."
--- ---._,-_ _- -r" ___- ._..__ >




\I -
How Shall The Grove and Nursery ter the earlier by three or four days ; DAVIDSON tS CO.

I be Treated. "but," said he, "these four days ,

made the difference with me between COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
There are many doctors and none
all remedies. Much: knowledge thirty-five or forty and twenty cents
possess "
has been developed. For instance per

' an orange grower ssys, if you flarkets. ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYjVEGETABLES; OF ALL KINDS

! have a seedling tree killed to the No. 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. ,

ground, a sprout (from that stump will JACKSONVILLE, FLA Mch. 15. i;

; produce fruit much more quickly than FRUITS AND PRODUCE. 9999999999999999999999999999099999999999999999999999Our .
farmer friends you know you greatly lessen: your risks 9
the original tree, implying that it is Corrected by Marx Bros. Home when you buy Seed directlyfrom thetrrower.WeratseSeedsof 9
These are average quotations. Extra choice I the earliest Sweet\ Corn,
14 the earl lestanI best Pole nnd Rush Beans I
I the maturity of the root ratner than lots fetch prices above top quotations. while poor the best earliest and best lute market fleets, the best Cucumbers .a ..
lots sell lower. the best of t the earliest and latest! Drumhead Cabbngc, the earliest t
the branches that gives the wood its CowpeasClay, bu..................... 1.25 of all the Wrinkled Peas the best Dwarf and decidedly the best S 11
, bearing qualities. Let the owners of Whippoorwill.... ... ...... 1.50 JGrOwn of the Marrowfats, the best early and ]late Squashes; the best market 5 i
Red ...... ...... .... ,
Ripper I.'S Carrot the earliest Red and tie very beet! of nil the Yellow O T'
t dead seedlings take courage from this. Black ];ye.... ...... ........ 2.00 Unions. We offer these and numerous other varieties, Including A "rI '
The Interlachen have Cocoanuts.... .... .... .......... 3.50 several valuable new Vegetables, in our Vegetable and flower a
t nurserymen Peanuts, best brand...... ............. .04 to.05 Seed Seed Qilalwiie for 1SW5. sent free. r j
r already their orders made in California i Imported cabbage,each.........._. .16 0 J. J. II. (Htl.( OR Y & SON' ninrhlchenil, Mn"' s.ESTABLISHED (I ,
t for budding wood and apples, bbl..... ............. 5.50 ......o. ..... ... 0S.00 acoo.. GOOOQG> .j
! : propose.asI beets bbl.................. 2.50 ,
I as the sap starts in nursery trees Potatoes, bbl. Burbanks. .. .. .......... 2.50 ::'X'tlEluJa.Gra--pENNSYLV: : : :: A.N: A.. "*
sack ...... ........... .... 2.25
i killed. above ground, to saw off at Early Rose, N. Y.seed..... 2.75
and insert bud or graft between Hebron seed................. 2.75 Somers Brother & Co.Fruits '
i ground Peerless:. ....., .... .......... 2.75 1876. J
{ bark and wood, covering up Chili Red to to 2.75 ,
' Onions, bbl ...... .. ...?. .
to to 3.25
the stump with but one bud. of the Eggs..... .to. ._to........ ;12 Commission and Produce.
wood exposed. Before time for frost VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. Merchants. J
Corrected Davis &
another winter, a furrow will be turnedup Yellow Yams, bush by........ ...Robinson........ .50 Refer to Banks, Mercantile Agencies and f he business community of Western Pennsylvania. :j
to this bud which will be six Sweet Potatoes .... ...... ........ .SoHubbardsquasirbbl. Market Reports, special references to ,regular shippers, shipping stencils, stamps, etc.,fur- i
.;.. ........ ...... 2.75 nlshed free on application. INQUIRIES AND
inches below the "frost line." Lettuce, doz.,... .. .................... '.25 to .40 CORRESPONDENCE INVITED. "I f
Celery..... ......... ................ .. .35 to .50 ESTABLISHED 1869. ;
Many will treat their younger trees EggPlants, bbl. .........'...:....... 6.00 ;\
in where the bud has been killed Tomatoes, crates ... .. .......... .... 3 00
grove Sweet Pepper, bu. none............... 3.00 166 READEST,
in the same manner. One, two, threeor Okra, bu, none..... ... ......-...... PALMER & FROST NEW YORK
four of of root around Green Beans, crate, none. .... ...f.... ,
years growth .. Peas, none....... ........ ....... .
which good soil has been made, is going Turnips, bunch........................ .06 (Successors to G. S. PALMER, and PALMER, RIVENBURO & Co.)
Cucumbers, crate.......... .......... 7.00
to tell in the future tree,and a three- Pumpkins, each........ ...... ......... 05 to .15
year-old of this'kind, will not only bea'lusty'fellow Kershaws, each.... ..... ......... .10to .15 PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS. !
Parsley, per doz. bunches........... .50 ,
but will be very likelyto Carrots Fla., per doz.bunches... ..... 25 to .35
paying its at that Green onions, per doz. bunches....... .20 to .30 Southern Fruits and Vegetables a
way Pepper,hot, bushel, none.....-....... 1.50 to 2.00
Sage well cured, Ib...................... .loto. 15 Specialty.Remember .
age.A Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none .........
concensus of opinion also seems Hens.......'--....................... ..... .35 we never buy a package. Thus any shipments you entrust to our care, never come
ammoniated Roosters......................-."....... .25 to .30 in competition with bought goods. Account sales made day of sale. ***
to be that highly fertilizers Broilers.........-....... ......, ......... .18 to.25
will be ,the kind to use. One of Turkeys, per pound,gross.......,.... .12 REFERENCES : See our quotations by wire in this paper.
Ducks............... ....._. ........... 30 to .40 hatham Nat. Bank N. Y. Mercantile Agencies Write for Stencils.
: these has been called "The Emergen Geese..,,.-.................. ...... .... .50 Members of National League of Commission Merchants to which no irresponsible house canbelong
I cy"'brand' and, the market' Wild ducks doz .... .....................1.00 to 2.00
put upon Wild turkeys each............ .......... i.oo to 1.50
I at prices that range but little above Cauliflower doz....... ..-.... ..... .... 2.50103.00 300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh Year.SPECIAI.'I'IES .
I New Potatoes bbl .................... 5.00 to 6.00
the, cost of the raw material. Florida Cabbage, each....... ...... .... .8 to .10 :
Groves that still exist will have to .-.-.

be in t'o kill the scale New York Vegetable Markets. Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries.
sprayed April Potatoes. F R U I T T R E E S Peach Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,

., which has only been scotched. The Imports for the week: Great Britain Strawberries, Guava's, Giant Loquat, etc" etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camellias .
Palms, Trees, Hedge Plants, Ground Grown Roses. The
Azaleas 50,000 20,000 Camphor Open
.1.; female is pronounced very much alive 524 bags; Continent'bags; Bermuda I Green House department is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat-

i ready to deposit her eggs. If taken bbls; Havana 50 bbls. alogues free. Address p. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga.
With lighter receipts and firm advices No Agents. _
I when soft a pretty general destruction from primary points together with a good

, is sure to follow, demand the market is firm for choice table imported, per 100, 10.00 to 12.00; Cauli- erels. Thanks to the many readers of

Mr. H. G. Hubbard, in his local paper potatoes and prices have slightly improved flower, California per case, 2.50 to 3.00; your excellent paper.

agrees. to take the contract of ex State stock in bulk is selling up Celery, Michigan, fancy large, per dozen M. CIIESEBRO..

terminating the white fly from every to 2.00 to 2J.; some fancy Rose higher and roots, 75c to 1.00; Onions, Havana, per Plummers, Fla.

a little ordinary stock lower. The few crate, 2.00; Bermuda, per crate 2.00; Peppers
in the
the State
grove following Jersey arriving have a very moderate Havana, per carrier, 2.50 to 3.00; Bradley Redfield. Eugene B. Redfleld.

manner. Cut down, every cape jessa ,demand and quality and value vary Radishes, Boston hot-house, per 100, 1.50 .

mine even with.the ground and throwit widelv. Maine Rose are firm and Hebron to 3 00; Tomatoes, Fla., per crate, 2.00 to ESTABLISHED 1871.

out of ,the grove. On the lower also snow a little improvement. The recent 4.00; Havana, per crate, 1.50 to 3.00; Ber- REDFIELD & SON,

leaves be found the whole offerings of Scotch cleaned up closely muda, per box, 25c to 75c.Business .
may prog- Bermuda and Havana steady for prime 4 : Commission MerchantsAND
and be The
eny may destroyed. but poor move slowly. Sweet potatoes Notices.

shrub will grow again but the white quiet but fancy are firm. TUB IDEAL FERTILIZEK. -Note new -

fly will not be found. Bermuda, prime, 5.50 to 6.50; Havana, brand of fertilizer, "The Ideal," manu
Fruit Auctioneers
Do not cut back the dead wood into prime 5.50 to 6.00; Bermuda and Havana, factured by Wilson & Toomer, Jackson- ;

the You have to keep No.2, 3.00 to 3.50; Jersey, prime 1.75 ville, for orange trees, vegetables and field
green. may to 2.00; Sweets Vineland, fair to fancy, for $27.00 ton. The extremelylow 141 Dock Street, I'hlladelpJila, Pa.
cutting back until the tree -is gone. crops,
1.75 to 2.50.
price of all forms of ammonia, en- We handle all kinds of Fruits ,
Let the deadwood stand'until mid
Vegetables. ables them to make this high grade ferti- either at private sale (which has heretofore been
summer, at least do not cut into the Imports for the week: Havana 1037 lizer at such a low figure. our custom) or by the auction system (recently
crates onions and 475 crates other vege- ndd-d to our business!' ) as you may desire.
green.-Florida Ruralist. AGRICULTURAL Il\IPLE1\IENTs.-Mr.\ E.
tables. Bermuda crates onions and
1 9 t crates other Rotterdam Bean offers our readers, in addition to his '
The Oory Sweet Corn. 45 well-known specialty, a variety of agricultural -
pckgs cabbage.
This new sweet corn is now the Onions are in good demand when fan implements, choice fertilizers, t' Produce Sold

recognized first early sweet corn; all cy but poor stock dull and irregular. etc. See his new advertisement on the ) Quick and paid for quick Is the way our ship ,
of the
second page cover. .pern of Fruits and Vegetables like It; ana
firm and other winter
of the "first earlies". are but other Cabbage vegeta- SPECIAL FERTILIZERs.The.stringency ''our 40 years' experience} without defaulting& I II
bles meet a good outlet at full prices. I dollar is guaranty both of ability and stabll
names for it. Celery is not plenty and steady of these days, and the great mish rtuno of Ity. Any bank < r merchantusllpg mercantile)
very forth line of I reports) can tell our 8tal1lllu .
the have a
brought \
Mr. Charles N. said that he growers,
Dyer Bermuda and Havana vegetables have As we never buy, we never\ have goods of
had raised the Early Marblehead side met a good outlet while'choice, but some fertilizers "to suit the times. Among our own for tho best ] ]leaving that o:;
others note that of E. O. Painter & Co., (growers for !second lace. \Ve want more
by side with the Cory, and found that lots poor and dragging. Key West tomatoes consignments for increasing trade. AFTER!
I. the first of the cover.. '
when and on page INQUIRING A8 TO) ouu STANDING
bring high prices fancy
the, Cory was a few days earlier ; it TIlE DARLING FERTILIZER.-Under the TRY US. A TRIAL WILL COST YOU'NOTHING
fine stock from Havana and other pointsare '
1 made a larger and more presentable wanted but average offerings are ordinary same category read also the changed advertisement I METHODS JJEST.
of the Darling Fertilizer Company Letters answered promptly] Stencils] ana :
j for marketing the husk covering A
ear in quality and moving slowly. 'cards free. Send your naino for our lttthbook I

j the tip of the ear better than was the few California vegetables arriving but in ,. always reliable.. I about marketing Fruit Vegetables

j with the Marblehead. .. light demand. A little Southern lettucein 4
case Sold Out. French & i
this week but) not very good and receiving Co.y
; Mr. Lorenzo Talman raised four
Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower:jI
but little attention
1 rows of Marblehead Early side by Beets, Bermuda per crate., 1,50 to 2.00; have sold all my cassava seed cane 4 116 Warren St., New York

; side with the Cory, and found the lat Cabbage, domestic, per 100 4.00 to 8.00; and all of rayjS. C. Brown Leghorn cock ,.

; II
!I I

1 .

.... ., ,.... ; y- ..... ...-_. --.-. ...... ............."""........_ -..,..... .....-._-"..... ,........... .. ....'". -...., < .- ..- . .- '- -'....... -- __ __ .r '_. ..,. .> ..:..;....._.m' '_ II"w. '"

..,.... "... .""U-:' [/' .- ') ,. "I "' 'J '..-. '- ..-.
"N : .. t
>. : {' "





Upland ,Rice Culture. thick growth of crab grass. They Poultry in Volusia County.

The first thing to make sure of is a grow rapidly, however, and hence ina In a pamphlet issued by the East t '

good variety of upland seed rice. few weeks are robust and amply Coast Railroad we find the following : r

While many kinds are offered for sale able to fight their own way.-Mobile letter from a well-known citizen : I

there are really but two; the tallgrowing Register. HALIFAX,
red rice and the lowergrowingwhite i I- Volusia Co., Fla., June 25, 1894. Ii

rice. The red variety most Some of the Virtues of the Castor MR. J. E. 'INGRAHAM, i
I .,.,5 I L I N EJ %
commonly goes by the name of Caro : Bean. Land Commissioner :
lina upland rice, though some dealers Moles dislike castor beans, as do Dear Sir:-In reply to your letterof

J\ have it for sale as Honduras upland gophers, and they have both given my inquiry about facts and figures as to
wide berth since castor beans whether there is in chickens I
; rice and so on-all about the same, garden a profit raising i
according to our own experience. The were planted, although they had pre in Florida or not, I will say I have t

:t white rice also has many names, viously destroyed many valuable bulbs found it reasonably so. Shortest, Quickest, Most AttractiveRoute

: though simple "white rice" is the and plants. In 1893 moles were unusually In the first place, I buy everythingI

i common. It is a Chinese variety introduced troublesome. A few beans feed my chickens, and sell all my ]

t by the agricultural editor of were tucked in my bulb bed, a favor eggs and surplus! stock here at homein BETWEEN
Mobile ite haunt for moles, others in the rose Daytona. '
i the Register near twenty years THE'
! ago under the name of Yengan rice. border, some near the violet bed and : Have got $300 invested in fencing,,

: The original name now seems to have wherever the pests were most trouble- chicken houses, incubator, brooder, Florida Central and PeninsularNEW

i been entirely lost, but the rice still some. A few moles had runs here etc., and aim to keep 300 laying THROUGH ROUTES.

! stays and continues to carry its own and there, and I at once dropped a fowls. Have the yard spread over New York to Jacksonville by

as the best upland rice cultivated, for bean in their path. Last year I planted about two acres of ground which I do. New, andNorthern Florida! Pennsylvania ington, Southern 11. R Railway. to Wash-to

several reasons. A southern seeds- only a few beans to keep them at not consider cost me anything, as the Columbia, Florida Central &

man now has it catalogued as Japan bay, and not a mole has been seen. ground is planted with orange trees, Air Line.Cincinnati J Peninsular points in all principal

rice and says of it: "This has provento My moss roses were being laid in a and as orange trees are fruit that chickens Cincinnati to Jacksonville by

be much the finest variety of rice state of devastation by,the red spider, do not. peck while on the tree. and Queen. Southern& Crescent R'y to to Chattanooga Ever--

for upland culture, and one well but since the castor vines have over- The only drawback is said to be from Florida}ette, Florida Central & Penin- ;

adapted to the latitude of all the cotton shadowed the bushes this tiny pest constant dropping of a very rich manure Limited. sular all Important Florida '

states. It is prolific, matures in about has also absented itself, therefore I fullof nitrogen, which they say Kansas City Kansas City, Fort Scott &
believe it detests the castor bean as will the tree what is andJacksonville Memphis Kansas ,
one hundred days from sowing, and eventually give }to Birmingham, Southern R'y I
bears drought better than any other all the animal world seems to do. A called"die back "j; so far I have seen} Thro' Line to Everette, Fla. Central &
Peninsular to all Fla. points.
rice. Sown in March and April, it noted horticulturist writes: There is no bad effects from it. Louis to Jacksonville by

may be harvested about the last of hardly an instance in natural historyof Have contracted all my eggs for the 1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'gslloute. Central to Holly Sp'gs,
July. Yields double what oats or a plant so universally detested by last four years to local grocerymen at City, Memphis & Birmingham -

wheat would yield on same soil. A the animal. world as the castor-oil two cents apiece the year around. J R'y to Everette to Birmingham and F. 0.,Sou.& P.

second growth springs up at once plant. No sort of bird, beast or They take the,eggs at my place every Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -
after the and makes a large creeping thing will touch it. It seemsto other day. Might get a little more Holly Ill. Cent. to Holly
harvest, Sp'gslloute.
}Sp'g K., C. M. & B. to Birmingham -
crop of excellent forage, equal to sheaf be a rank poison, to all the animal, for my eggs by selling them myself, Sou. R'y to Ever-
I oats. Culture very simple. Sown, in world. Even a goat will starve before but in order to do that, would have to ette and the F. C. & P.Louis'ille .

kw' drills, five pecks will be ample to seedan biting a leaf, and a horse will sniff at keep a horse almost for that purpose, New Orleans" Junction.&, 'F.Nash'ille C. & to P.River only

acre." it and turn up his upper lip as thoughit therefore it would not pay me. To }between route. with New through Orleans sleepersJacksonville and

Any good'' arable land will do for had the most detestable odor on the Have aready sale for all old stockin Jacksonville.The .
face of the earth. Army worms and the fall at fifty cents apiece or F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
upland rice if inclined to damptoomuch
Florida running through
the locusts will it by though twelve and one-half cents pound .
for other crops-rice will not pass per Tobacco Jtegions, .
they may eat every other green thingin also a ready sale in'the' spring for all Stock farming and Dairy Section,
object to that condition, though high Peacn and Strawberry Lands,
and dry lands bring the crop very sight. Even the tobacco worm the young roosters, when about two Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country,
will refuse to be fed on its leaves." months old, at from twenty-five to Phosphate Has the Belt.Silver Spring and ..
well.The As an exterminator of moles and gophers thirty cents apiece.I i Other fine Scenery. '
land should be deeply and I The Great Hunting Country ,
I never saw their equal. I hatch about 300 young chickens Reaches the Noted fishing Grounds. !
thoroughly prepared, and made mod. never had healthier or, better looking every' winter, save about 100 of the Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety
of soils in the State, and above all
rich if rich .
not naturally.Drill
erately with little trouble since I It has
plants so as best pullets, and sell the rest. Runs Central ,
over the Rldgeland
about three
the seed in rows, say discovered the virtues of the for the
castor cost for feed on the average Where It Is High and Healthy. \
feet apart, and cover to the depth of Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
bean.-American for each fowl and
Agriculturist.A last four $1.32 ,
the years the best freight facilities for any produce to
one inch. A roller passed over Florida poultryman informs us of my hens have averaged for the last the Northern markets. Send for the popular

rows to firm the land hastens germination another good use to which he has put four years 146 eggs, each, some yearsa song-"MY FLORIDA HOME." ,i
of the seed.
the castor bean plant, namely, as an little less, some years a little more; with its spirited words and beautiful music '
The seedsman reccommends five of actual Florida ,Home, and ,i,
insecticide or an insectifuge for his the same in regard to the feed, according descriptive an '
which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pages
pecks of seed rice ("rough rice") to poultry yard. He relates that no ver- ,to ,the price of grain; therefore the of full sized best music containing alsoa
Florida I
the acre, but we have always found min of any kind is ever to be found account at the end of the year would scene.picture It of is a mailed home in on receipt and of 10 a cents hunting(in i

one bushel enough, and we could 'do among his poultry, ''which happy state stand something like this: stamps, to pay expense of distribution.) '.
very well on half a bushel, for rice is of affairs is, about the sim- Dr. Cr. Send also for the best map of Florida (sen j''
brought by .. free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAODONELLG.PA. I
Peed for hens at $1.32 each.; $396.00
"stool and 300 i
wonderful to
a growth I
of few of
ple expedient keeping a ,
Ten per cent.on $300 investment! 30.00By Jacksonville Fla. I ,
therefore the plants must be thinned sale of 43,800 eggs at zc each.. $876.00 ;
these in the t
plants growing yard. Profit... ......... ........ 45000
down to six or eight inches apart when The appreciative fowls cluster in their -- The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular r'R. R. i
established. We would sow about $876.00 $876.00
shade and in
grateful by day roost
one bushel to make sure of a stand, Now, some will ask, how about in- to Shippers
them by night free from all ,their usu. *
though should we sow less we could al tormentors., sects, such as mites and jiggers j also Tho Shortest and Quickest Route

easily make a stand at the "thinningout diseases in that climate? I have onlyto BETWEEN

," by transplanting in the missing say, I never have had a mite or a FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

places, for rice transplants as readilyas jigger on my place since I have ''kept THE EAST AND WEST.
With Ventilated Cars, this
Improved com-
onions. The thinning out may be PECAN CULTURE chickens, neither any contagious pany is better equipped than ever ever to
done with a hoe ; simply cut out the eases, such as cholera or roup. Of I handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
insure close connections and prompt despatchto
plants two widths of the hoe and leave course, if young'chickens are kept in I all Eastern and Western Markets.
one width; or cut out one width and -:- dirty quarters, or are crowded too Through oars to destination without

leave one or two plants. much, they will be subject to roup and Perishable change freight or delay.followed by wire> and

The upland rice crop must be"carefully -, They Don't Freeze.Our almost everything else. shippers advised time passing various Junc-

cultivated until up sufficiently to ,As for'labor to take care of these tion points claims and for arrival overcharges at destination.All and loss promptly .

cover the ground and take care of It modern soft-shell pronounced finest, largest chickens, it will average about three adjusted. -
and quickest bearing in America. Well adap- See that your goods are marked
self. Weeds and grass must be kept ted to Florida, and nearly every State in the hours a day. The manure and sale of via F. C. & P. R. R.
and above all not allowed to Union. We lieU and deliver first-class trees chicks and old stock will
down cheaper than any other growers. Put out a surplus young For Information call on or address the un-
choke the young and spindling plantsin grove,a fortune in a few yeam.We; also have the about offset it. dersigned 0. B. TAYLOR: Trav.' A'gt Ocala, Fla.
the rpw. In this row work lies the finest icnown, -prettiest 50 ears, to and bushel.most prolific Highest field premiums corn I keep nothing now but S. C. White W. B. TUCKER, Gen. A'g't: Orlando, Fla. I
rice culture. $100 00 for sample of better or corn. Send will be G. :M. HOLDEN Trav. A !gt Leesburg Fla.
main drawback to upland for pecans Leghorns. Any questions W. n.. FULLER!Trav. A'g \
descriptive pamphlet.
The young plants are extremely deli CAROLINA SEED & PECAN CO., cheerfully answered by enclosing Or,N. S. PENNINGTON Jacksonville Traffic Manager,Fla. ,

cate, and would soon succumb to a Ivanhoe, N.C. stamp. C. P. LUND. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Air

;.' .. --.

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1 f


iI I i "
the last six months have felt myself per- rrn
Benefactor.AN fectly well man. I have recommendedthe

pills to many people and am only too -
glad to assist others to health throughthe FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

OFT, REPEATED STORY OF medium of this wonderfnl medicine.I ,

TRUE PHILANTHROPY. cannot say too much for what it has J'AC H:ONVIT.JI1
done for me.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain, in a The Oldest National Bank in the State.This .

What Chas. H. Hackley has Done condensed form, all the elements neces- Bank, after twenty years of successful business has just undergone a rigid special exami-
for Western Michigan-How sary to give new life and richness to the nation by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an
blood and restore shattered other period of twenty years
the Only Oloud in the Life of nerves. They By conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity, I
are an unfailing specific for such diseasesas
I I strength and ability to meet legitimate demands.We .
an Honored Man was locomotor ataxia, partial paralysis, St. invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your,
Vitus' dance sciatica favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.
Brushed, Away by neuralgia, ,
Science. matism, nervous headache, the after JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY i
effect of la grippe, palpitation of the President. Cashier. ;
[From Grand Rapids,:Mich., Evening Press.] heart, nale and. sallow_ complexions all.
-- ---- ---
forms of weakness either in male' or Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent., i 1

The most beautiful spot in :Muskegonis female. Pink Pills are sold by all deal- ; I
associated with the JOHN L. MARVIN, :
inseparably name ;
ers, or, will be sent post paid on receiptof
of Hackley, and in all Western Michigan price, ((50 cents box, or six boxes for President. i
better known and
there is not
a name ,
$2.50 sold in
-they are never bulk or by Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
among, the studious and those interestedin the 100)) by addressing Dr. Williams' CAPITAL $100,000. I
this name
deeds of philanthropy, Medicine
Co., Schenectady, N. Y.
known and admired. Chas. H. Hackleyhas ....
been in the lumber business contin- ---m i.,!
uously since ,1856 and in that time has Dr.' Price's Cream Baking Powder THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK

him World's Fair Highest Award.
amassed a fortune which gives a rat- ,

ing among the wealthy men of the nation JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, 'I
But with wealth there did notcome One Cause of High Taxes. I
that tightening of the purse strings To those who are in inter- Respectfully solicits you Deposits, Collections and Genera '
which is generally. a marked character- any way Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
ested in the of and
subject high taxes -
istic of wealthy men. -
, There is no prettier spot in the State want to know "what makes taxes INVITED.DIRTtDO'T .

than Hackley. Placed in a square sur- high" have only to glance at the court

rounded and pierced by stone walks em- proceeding of of our courts. Take ORict 1
any John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin,
phasizing with their whiteness the green
for the
i of faultlessly kept lawns, its crowning example following cases, and H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
I prides towering soldiers' monument on there are hundreds just like them recently Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson,

top of ''which stands a bronze figure occuring in Judge Bullock's Dr H. RohltiBon Inh" F Martrldfre.

t pointing ever in the remembrance of the court:

heroes who died that the nation might Junius Howard, carrying concealed weapons, SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
live. Surrounding this park are the found guilty and sentenced to pay a fine of $10,
magnificent Hackley Public Library-a or thirty days m the county jail. granite-with its 60,000 volumes He will be unable to pay the fine, OF FLORIDA,

' and the equally stately Hackley, school], will stay in jail thirty days, and his JACKSONVILLE.
/ like a bee hive with its 600 children.
trial conviction '
arrest punish-
Other elegant buildings testify likewise CAPITAL, $50,000.
a to the liberality and fnunificence of this mint will have to cost the tax-payers
H. ROBINSON, President. W. J. TIARKJSHKIMER, Vice-Pres.
: man who has pulled wealth, out, of, the over one hundred dollars. A hundred '
TVM RAWtlNSON, Cashier,
: forests of Michigan. others through the year, will be arrested .
" It is no wonder then that the'name of for the same offense and the '
Charles H. Hackley is known at home DIRECTORS :
cost of to the tax-payers will be
and abroad. His munificence to Muskegon H. ROBINSON, J. HILDEBRAND, P. E. MCMURRAY,
, I alone represents an outlay of nearly something: like $10,000. And, :yet, W. J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP,WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT,
half a million, ,For the past twenty notwithstanding which, nearly every ,J. '
years he has been a constant sufferer other man in the county carries a con- Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay-

from neuralgia and rheumatism, also cealed weapon. ment., Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on
numbness of the lower limbs, so much Savings. -
"What fools we mortals be in-
so that it seriously interfered with his
pleasure in life. For some time past his deed.
friends have noticed that he has seemed Take another case: FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

II to grow young again and to recover the "Steve Martin, assault!' and battery $10 and
I health which he had in,youth. costs or thirty days in jail." .

j ,To a correspondent of the Press Mr. This assault may have been with An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida' Fruit to the
explained the secret of this words but at rate it best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $300,000.
j Hackley mere any was BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
: transformation, and ,to his friends who perhaps such a quarrel that is occur- order. Write for price list and terms.

{1 have known how he suffered it is indeeda ring our colored population a -.: OFFICERS :-
A transformation. "I have suffered for among GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF Vice-Prestdent..
20 he said seated in his private thousand times within the course of a. ALBERT M. IVES: Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
over years, DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
office, "with pains inmy lower limbsso month, and perhaps for which a hun- Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan Lake Co.: Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, ''Duval Co.;
severely that the only relief I could dred will be tried within a year and J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard Co.; F. G. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyer,
'' cold water Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; W. .li.i. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
'I get'at night was by'putting for which, our court officials pocket Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby =v 01 usia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
compresses my limbs. I was bothered fees and have to Address'all the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville, Fla, Stencils,
j more at night than in the day time. The big tax-payers pay with full packing'and shipping instructions furnished on application.

j neuralgic, and rheumatic pains in my another ten thousand dollars.

t limbs, which had been growing in inten- The old way of our'fathers: "A big JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
for finally became chronic. I in fair ,
; sity years, ring a private alley, a fight to
I made three trips to the Hot Springs with the finish and no gouging," would be
relief and then fell back to
only partial and Commission MerchantsDEALERS
effective and much less
just as morally ,
' my original state. I couldn't sit sift! and
I' my sufferings began to make life look burdensome to the tax-payers.-

very blue. Two years ago last September Ocala Banner.

I noticed an account of Williams' Coal Grain Wines
Hay, Liquors,
Pink Pills for Palo People and what they

had done for others, and some cases so METALWHEELS Tobacco Etc.
nearly resembled mine that I was inter- 1 ,

ested, But [ did not know whether the '
Jaol ;:solntville\ F1o:1."icla.: ',
testimonials, genuine or not and I did not for yourWAGONS. 1 ,' 4
I wish to be humbugged, so 1 wrote to one .
who had given a testimonial, an eminent \\\ PRIOE-L.ISTOF WHISKIES :

'11 professor of music in Canada. The reply Any size you want SO Ryn.t 50< CABINET BOURBON.... ....... ....... .J6 oo
II I received was even ,stronger than the to 68 in.high. Tires Ito PARKER..... ............ ..... ...........175 ]. MARTIN ....... ................ 300
testimonials and it gave me faith 8 wide-hubs to ORANGE VALLEY..... ...... ........ ..... 2 00 VIRGINIA GLADES............... .......... 4 oo
II, fit any axle. Haves = SPRING VALLEY........ .... ............. 35 OLD BOURBON............ ........ ..... 5 oo
I in the medicine Cost many times In = BALTIMORE CORN.......... .............. :a oo KENTUCKY SOUR MASH................ 5 oo
!I, "I began taking the pills and found a season to have set -_ NORTH CAROLINA CORN,.. ............. 250 OLD BAKER......... ............ ....... 5 00
, them to be all that the professor had told of low wheels to fit CLIFTON CLUB.... ...... ,..........., 3 00 MON I ROSE VELVET RYE................... 600

me they would be. It was two or three grain your wagon fodder for hauling manure -- JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, 75C. Remit by ,post-office
months before I experienced any percep- bogs &0. No resetting;of = money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C, O. D. Remit with order.
tible betterment of my condition. My tires. Oatl'g free.-Address ,A complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application.
disease was of such long standing that I EMPIRE MFG COs r- i
'> ,' dncy, 111 JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.
did not expect speedy recovery, for



T '-'-- .. .."-= '"-_ .- ----..--.------ ....
-- ---
t -;: -::=" -"oJ'




Too Much Inferior Fruit Grown. Farming on Bay Biscayne. Seed Corn. Let tho people of ,

In a recent address before the New Visits have been made by The Sun You Florida plant nothing but the t'

Jersey Horticultural Society,,Mr. Geo. representative to various farms now Can Get varieties suited to our climate and I

F. Powell, of Ghent, N. Y.,'said."We being conducted on the Bay, everyone Ferry's Seeds at your dealers' soil. I have them.

Eastern fruit have a evidence of successful as fresh and fertile as though W. M. GIRARDEAU I
growers giving ample r'.you got them direct from Ferry's ,
competition to meet that will obligeus management, thrifty condition and Heed Farms.+ 2-16-4 Monticello, Fla. \

better methods. California investment. 'There were 1
to adopt profitable ----- !,

fruits are taking a large place in cattle, horses, chickens, pigs, turkeys, RRY 2 SEEDS WILL exchange and handsome a pair size of,male trained fox for hounds deer,,

our markets, not because they are ducks, pigeons and geese on each of fox and cats, for first-class watch dog, must

liked by customers, but because theyare them. Butter is made for home use, are where known, and and are planted always every the bite Hampton strangers.stock and My guaranteed hounds are as represented.B. from Wade.

so much more carefully selected eggs are sent to market by hundredsof best. Ferry's Seed Annual B Keep, Boardman, Fla.

and packed in smaller and attractive dozens and product was first for 1805 tells all about
every them, Free.
CASH,will buy 20 acres numberone
form and packages."We class in every particular. The animals D. M. Ferry & Co. $150.00 strawberry land with a two-
much inferior the DetroltMlch.A room cottage in St.Thomas, Fla., for an actual
too and fowls and content
are growing are healthy ; settle r. This offer open for a short time only. :
fruit and too little of fine quality. We herds and flocks have' increased, and k J,S. Mills. ,

need to fertilize our soil better, culti- best of all, perhaps, is the' fact that FOR SALE 15.000 first class California buds i I'

, vate higher, thin the fruit more upon suitable provender has been raised for BARGAIN. 2 years old ((3 feet high) on 4 year old roots,

the trees, spray the branches more them right here at home-hay in quan- mostly be free Washington from scales Navels.and insects.Trees For guaranteedto inform

thoroughly with fungicides to keep in tities. High healthy locat'on' eighty feet above sur- ation apply to A. Faye, Faye,, Walton Co Fla.
rounding lakes. No swamps within miles, %
check fungus diseases and obtain more This winter while the north was mile from railroad station. Seven room bunga- 392FOR

insecti- in ice ,machines of the low house, plastered and papered throughout;: HATCHING fifteen varieties.
fair fruit; also use vigorously locked mowing completely carpeted and furnished; 749 feet of EGGS St
cides to keep down insect attacks. most approved patterns were busy on piazza; three open fire places, good piano, wind- Albert Fries, Nicholas. it
mill, water th'ought ut house and yard. Bath
"Pear culture is threatened with an- the Bay, and many tons of the finest room. Brick and cement cistern. Five lakes in LEGHORNS! 'LANGSHANSI! MINORCASI!
of front door. Tenement house for help stock for sale cheap. Agent for f!
nihilation in sections the has been and in suitable ,
some by hay produced
pear ,
Two ponies, cow; Goodrich combination buck- Smith & Romanic's boiled beef and bone, 2.25
tree psylla, pear midge, and a recent hay ricks stands in a regulation barn- board, wagon, harness, agricultural implements!) per too IDS. Island Poultry Yard, 0. H. Jacques,
etc. Four acres 12 year old orange trees, i%. Prop., Fernandina, Fla.
importation in the tree flat-headed yard en evidence.-Tropical Sun. -
pear : acres 6 year old trees acre 2 year old trees.
borer. Unless these insects are vig- 26 acres of land. Price $3,500. Improvementsand can furnish forty thousand orange and

orously met, pear culture is doomedin Our Swede neighbors, after a long Address until cost April$5.000 ist, without, groves or lemon trees uninjured by Florida freezes, at
following rates: I.en-ons five hundred dollars
all localities where and careful search seem to have founda S. A CUNNINGHAM,
they get a strong Altoona, Lake Co., Fla. per thousand, oranges seven hundred and fifty
hold. Having suffered a loss of $10- suitable location at Sarasota. The dollars per thousand. Pomelo one dollar each.
Address F. D, Waite, Belleview, Fla. 3-2-2
000 in my pear orchards in four years, purchase of 130 acres of saw-grass ,is THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, ;

from the psylla, it was successfully announced. The digging of quite an BUDWOOD-parson. Brown, ten dollars per.
Maltese Straight and Hart'sTardiff
controlled the past season by persis- extensive ditch and several thorough JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.FLORIDA. Oranges and Lisbon Lemons seven fifty

tent spraying with kerosene emulsion, plowings will make this a wonderfullyfertile per thousand. California.Address J. W. Waite, P. O. Box
8c9, San Diego, 3-2-4:
one part to twenty in water, the appli-- property. It was this saw, -

cation made every ten days for two grass soil containing over 53 per cent. TO MAKE HENS LAY-There Is nothing like
months." of organic matter which a noted chem- Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
ida last year. Hundreds testimonials. For
ist declared resembled a manure rather particulars, write E. W. Amsden,Ormond, Fla.

Points for Careless 'Drivers. than a soil.-Braidentown Journal. .LANDS io-i3-tf

"Our Dumb Animals" the BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.;
gives of the best $i for 13. R. Puddy,
Mr. F. H. Davis of visited
following apt illustration of the solid Apopka, Lawtey, Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for
Orlando Wednesday on business. Mr. ORANGES hatching. 1-5-20
advantages resulting from the proper
care and handling of teams, to Davis says that he has sold $13,000 LIGHT BRAHMA, D. B. Plymouth Rock, and
Turkey Eggs for hatching JJr.oo doz-
since the
worth of
nothing,of the humane aspects of the grove property RESORTS en to suit the times. C. Gomperts,Lady Lake,
case: freeze, and he considers the groves Florida. :2 216Agent's

which withstood the cold snap without profits per month. Will
"Nearly twenty years ago two prove it or pay forfeit. New Ar-
brothers purchased each a team of great damage worth three times as INVESTMENTS $525 5 5 ticles just out. A $1.50 sample
Canadian work much as they were before the freeze.- and terms free. Try us. ponies to upon the & SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y.
farms. They were as nearly alike as Orlando Reporter.

two teams could be, and under the DEVELOPMENTS qniLGHMAN'S CONDITION make POWDERS FOR
"BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES" are to them eat and
same management would have lived an effectual remedy,for all Bronchial Af- grow.fat. Sample package by mail, thirtyfivecents.
W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla.
and done service an equal length of fections.STAHL'S. 1-26-10

time. One brother' drove i ATTRACTIONSADDRESS
always FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black Langshans
rapidly and would reach his home- Game fowl. Langshan, Game and
Pekin duck for Mrs. W. H.
eggs hatching.
four miles distant from the railroadin EXCELSIOR Mann, Mannville, Fla. 12-1-12 '
fifteen minutes less than his brother
SALE for cash,time or hade,orange groves,
he lived of mile ;m.j\1J\ [Spraying Outfits ,
although a quarter a ... kill insects, prevent and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka

beyond his brother's house. The. ." ct::1:..:4-:1[ leaf blight :Pa.ssea3 er Agt:. Fla. 3-u-i6t
other brother never\ urged his horses -:, i. \1; and Insure wormy a heavyyieldofall fruit. FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
? ;
: .
North Carolina mountains. Owner must
off a walk if he had a load on. If the tP"
I. lice in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
fruit and
horses chose to trot down the lower r vegetablecrops. PURE ESSEX PIGS. B.Clarkson Jacksonville, Fla. ,9-15-1
slope of a hill, he would allow them t Thousands. FINE LOT OF SEEDLESS GRAPE FRUIT-
to do so. In guiding them he stroveto in use. : Best for the South. Bred on the Florida!bor- Tahiti Limes. All on Grape fruit stock.
Send 6 cts. der. Address, Price very reasonable. S. M. Stephens, Lake- I
avoid all stones, heavy ruts and bits for catal'gan land, Fla. 12-15-10 I
of sand. It seemed to be his constant tfEII d full ROSELAND PLANTATION, 1 I
I 1 treatise on CHANCE FOR A NURSERYMAN.-Forty
= A .
aim to husband the resources of his A spraying.f'Circulars Bainbridge, Ga. thousand ((40 ooo) thrifty grape fruit trees in \
team. The result was that after /ree.AddreBS nursery form. Three-year old. Terms easy. I
WILLIAM 8TAIIL, QU1NGY, ILL. Bowyer & Stephens. Lakeland, Fla. 12-15-10 :
twelve years of constant use, the slow I CENT-A- WORD COL UMN. I

and careful driver still had the ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
same in advertise- We
To insure insertion this column, pay freight. Write for our latest
team, and a. good team too. Mean ments must be accompanied by the money; I price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond, Fla tf
while the other brother had eight different Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. !
received In payment.
Postage Stamps
horses and spent over $900 in Count every word.including, name and address. 127,000 citrus trees on sour orange,grape-fruit i
and rough lemon roots, of the following varieties:
horseflesh. FOR SALE-California Orange Trees of all Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-
-- for this season's planting. Cheap for rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown,
Kaffir cash. Address, A. B. Reuss, care of Col. Phil- Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma,Kum-
"PLAYING POSSUM"As ips, Gainesville, Fla. 3-16-2 quat, King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa
This new forage crop is allied to Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. Tahiti Seed-
the warm sun softens the snowbank, exchange a 350 acre farm in less Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless I'
milo maize or branching sorghum, but It settles away and tho top of tho wire WANTED ., Fla for an orange grove. Grape-fruit. C. M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co., I I
is earlier than either of them. The Jack fence Frost's appears opportunity above the and surface.ho hardly This waits Is Address, W. L. Thomas, Valdosta, Ga. 3-16-4 Fla. 11-17-20, I

stalks keep green and are brittle and the sun's setting before tho snow Is frozen WANTED exchange a nice residence in WANTnD-SooO one-year Citrus TrifoliaU. I II
fast to the wire. Then he rejoices see THIS Tenn., worth two thousand I lowest price. Arcadia Nurse I
juicy, making fodder, green or dry, FAGI3 co down as the others have gone dollars for an orange grove and farming land ries, Monticello, Fla. u-i-tf I ICITRUS
which is relished by cattle, horses and before. But behold, when the morning sun near live town in Florida Address,A. G. Bryan -
I loosens his grip up come the Coiled Springsas Oxford, Fla. ItCIIOICg better
mules. Its seed heads, eight or ten perfect as ever, and poor Jack is again TREES.-Fine stock; :low
I forced to bow down and surrender to elas and square treatment No "back:
inches long, are eagerly eaten by ticity. Orange and Lemon Trees and Bud- numbers" offered. Write for prices. Thirteen
for sale Address I. II. Cammack, years experience. Phoenix: Nurseries, Braideu
horses, hogs and fowls. I PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich. Whittier, California. 3-i6-tf. I town, Fla. n 8-18'


,, ,
--- --- -----


w '

SAVANNAH LINE The Clyde Steamship Co.


1 '. 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

I The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -
I 65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston.
to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,
Both ways : .
From New York. From Jack on'vlUe,
(Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

........."ALGONQUIN".Sunday, Mar 3d at 8.30am
,. G. M. SORREL:; Manaa: : .........'SEMINOLE" ........Tuesday, 5th, at nooa: m
: Friday. March rat atspm ......." IROQUOIS"Thursday, II 7th, at i30pm
'..:,.", '4' '''-.:. Tuesday it 5th, at 3 p in........"CHEROKEE"..... ... Sunday, II loth, at 4:30: a m
I"I ''' Friday, It 8th, atapm........ "ALGONQUIN".......Thursday, IIII 14th, at 7:00am:
I phi S eA1l h, r ehi ,W'L'' N x w -'w't.r' +Aan Monday.u nth, at 3 p m."SEMINOLE".Sunday, 17th.atlo.ooam
d Wednesday, 13that3pm..IROQUOIS".Tuesday. 19th at 12.00 n'u
I Friday, M 15th.at3pm..... .. "CHEROKEE" ...... ..Thursday, zist at 1:30pm
Tuesday. u 19th.at3pm.AIGONQUIN..Sunday, 24th at 4:00: a m
tl Friday, II 22d, at 3 p m.,...... "SEMINOLE" .. .....Thursday, It 28th,at 5:30am:
1ry4i8 ._ 1. -- Monday 25th at 3 p m.. .... ... "IROQUOIS" .. ......Sunday, 31st, at 7:30am:
Wednesday, 27th, at 3 p m........ "CHEROKEE". ........Tuesday, April 2d, at 10:00: a m
4xi f.?wl zrs 4 a Jq = -, t.y Friday .1 29that3pm..ALGONQUIN".Thursday, 4th, at XZ:30pm: :

! Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.

;,T aS.yR .Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia calling at Charleston S. C., south
! bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -

! :
M From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct :

Saturday, February 28th ..... ..... ......ONEIDA... .... ....,.... ....Friday, March 1st
Saturday March., 2d............ ..... .BOWDEN.. ..... .. ..... Friday, March 8th
Saturday, March 9th... ........ ....ONEIDA........ .... ..."...Friday :March isth
Saturday, March 16th................ ..BOWDKN..I.: ... ...... Friday March 22d
,; Saturday, March 23d... ........ ...... .ONEIDA. ............ ......Friday, March 29th


Between. Jacksonville and New York : First-class $25.00 ; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion 843.30; ,
Steerage $12.50.

Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia : Cabin $27.00; Intermediate $21.00 j Excursion $47.30 ;
Steerage $14.2;. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: ST. J'OH1oTS: : :R.I"V"ER.: hIlOT.


(Central or 900 Meridian Time.) For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on

Kansas City ..... .. .... ................ ............ .................Friday, March t, 8.ooa. m. the St. Johns River.The .
Nncoochee '.......... ..... ...... ...... .... .. ..... ......... ....Sunday, March 3. 9.30 a. m.
Tallahassee .................. ..... .. ......... ........ ... ............Tuesday March 5, 12.00 n'n
City of Augusta.... .... .... .... ............:..... ....... .....Friday, March 8, 3.30P. m. elegant iron side-wheel steamers ;
Kansas City......... .... ......... .... ... ..... ....... .............Sunday March 10, 5.ooa.m. '
Nacoocliee .. ..... ...... .............. ....................... ... ....Tuesday March 12, 6.30 p. m. "Ci-ty of: J'aokson.'V'ille," .,:: -"
Tallahassee........ .. ... .... ........ ... .... .......... ..... .. .. ..Friday, March 15 8.30 a. m. I ..
City of Augusta..... .... ............ .......... .......... ........ ....Sunday March 17 10.30 a. m. Capt. W. A. SHAW
Kansas City. .... .... ........ ........ ........ ................ ...Tuesday March 19,12.3op. m. "FRED'I.c DeBARY "
Nacoochee .......... .;...:........-.........'..... .......... ... ...... ...Friday, March 22, 3 oo p. m. ,
Tallahassee .... ....... .... .... .. .......... ...... ........ ....Sunday, March 24,' 4.00 a. m. Capt. T. W. LUND,'Jr. .
City of Augusta....... ...... .............. ....'.......... .... .. ....Tuesday March 26, 5.30 p. m. Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday at m., and from Sanford
Kansas City. ... ... ................ .............. ....... .........Friday, March 29 7 oo a. m. daily except Sunday, at 00 a. m.3.30 p. ,
Nacoochee............ ..... ...... ........... ....... ... ...... ........Sunday, March 31, 8 oo a. m. 9
Gate City... ............ .... ............. ....... .......... ....... ...Thursday, March 7, 2.00p.m. Leave 3.30 p. m. .:...;...-. ...... .. .... Jacksonville..... ...... ...... .... .Arrive 3.30 a. m.
City of Macon......... .... .......... .... .... .... ... .. ......Thursday, March 14, 7.oop.m. .. 8.45 p. m .. ... .... ... ..... ..Palatka ...... ...... ...... ....... Leave ;.9.00 P. m.
Gate City....... .... ........ c... ........ .... .... .... ....., ........ Thursday, March 21, 2.30p.m. I. 3.OQa. m. ............ ...... .... Astor .............. ...... .... 3.ooP. m.
City of Macon .,.......... ..................... ........ ............Thursday, March 28, 6.30p.m. a 4.30 a. m. .......................St. .L'rancls. .................. .... ,. 1.30 p. m.
5.30a. m. ...... ..... .... .. .'....Beresloc..... ............ ...... .. 12.00 noori
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. Arrive 8.30a. m... ...... ... .... ... .... Sanford .............. .... 9.ooa m.
9.25a. m. .... .... .... .... .... .... Enterptise..... .... .... .... .... 9.30 a.: m.
J (These Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.) ..

De ..... ...... ...... ........ ..... .... .......... ...Wed'day, March 6, i.oop.m. 204
j. Elihu 'irompson.........__...._.. .... .................. .... Wed'day, March 13, 7.00a.m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, West Bay'St., Jacksonville
i Deggoug. ...... .... .... .... .... .... .... ...... ...... .:. .............Wed'day March 20, 1.30 p.m. A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent Bowling Green )r\.ew York.
i i, E11huThompson......... .... .... .... .... ............. ........ ...Wed'day, March 27 6.ooa.m. M. H. CLYDE Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green New York.D. .
D. C. MINK General Freight A ent. 12: !:::t>. Delaware avenue Philadelphia, Pa.
THESE PALACE STEAMERS THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York. ,
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fta
JOHN L. 'HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville Fla
j Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah Florida & Western Railway, J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville, Fla.WM. .

j Through Bills of leading Tickets Florida and Central Baggage&Checks Peninsular to all Railroad.points North and East. See your P. CLYDE & CO., Qenl Agents,
J nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
19 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling
I Green New York.W. .
I R. I, WALKER Agent
I ; New Pier No. 35 North River, New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga.
I j W. I, JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street Philadelphia.
f W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York.
, ( J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. &: Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y. WILLIAM & CO.
, J. I,. ADAMS Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent ,
353 Broadway New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.J. .
P. BECKWITH General Agent -
W. J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent ,
New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. ,
tzJ Sa 'VVES'r BAY 8'r., JAOKSONVXJJE: : : : s FLA.

READ READ t t READ t i t We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

I WRITE TO THE Hay, Corn Oats, Flour Bran Wheat, Grits, Meal,

0 Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.

L Darling Fertilizer Co.


r TygerHllen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA

Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH
If you are in need of any Fertilizer or Fertilizer Material and get their ,

Special Low.Prices for Cash with Order. GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH

DOl 'T ISS Orange Tree and VegetableFERTILIZER.( KAINIT Etc
! This opportunity of a lifetime to obtain Fertilizers at about cost to the manufacturer. ,

) Office and Warehouse Rear of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway bet. Main and Laura Sts. These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. ..-..,

I fend for Pocket Memoranda Book. Bend for Catalogue free. .

iI i -


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Now to row Watermelons for Large e Profits

Is a treaUse on melon culture recently issued by the Paine Fertilizer Company,who have,during the past six or seven years made the fertilization and sale of the melon crop a SPECIAL
STUDY believing and finally proving that this crop is not only the MOST PROFITABLE crop grown in Florida,but also a CERTAIN CROP,if planted and fertilized according to the directions givenin
the above pamphlet which will be sent FREE upon application.Our .
Company are the only manufacturers of High-Grade Crop Formulas, who have carefully studied the requirements of many of our principal and best-paying crops, especially the Watermelon -

Write Us for Full Information Showing How to Plant for Market on a Large Scale.

REMEMBER! that our specialty for years has been the growing and selling of melons for large profits. Our watermelon brands are known and used throughout the watermelon
sections. No other company has ever manufactured special brands for this crop. .

BE-WARE of those Imitating our formulas or copying our instructions-the use of their fertilizers can only mean PARTIAL SUCCESS and often TOTAL FAILURE

COMMENCE PLANTING NO'W' and continue,as we direct every ten days until last of March. Write for full particulars. NOW is an opportunity to recoup
your losses from other crops

BEAR IN MIND that New York city alone could have used all the fine early melons grown in Florida last year therefore if we increased the Florida acreage tenfold or more
there is plenty of marketing room and the acreage is HARDLY DOUBLED this year much of it being poorly fertilized, which will only produce inferior melons
that will reach market too late to secure the handsome profits obtained by those who carry out our advice to the letter. The variety of melon planted by our customers is growing in favor and
the demand is increasing each year. -
Our Company,with its house at New York and connections at Boston and Phitadelr.hia. command the principal dish ibuting points in the Northeast,where the highest prices are always
paid for fine melons. Should the quantity of early melons grown in this State have arrangements at Cincinnati and Chicago to distribute them through the West. We already
have control of the bulk of the early crop-let us handle yours,and it will reduce competition sales,thus enabling unto hold up the market to the HIGHEST POSSIBLE PRICESIn
the future our New York house will handle the fruit and vegetable crops of any planters in t for da i i order to secure for them the highest market prices, full and prompt returns, mak-
ing it an inducement for them to purchase our Special Formulas in large quantities, so as to plant on a more extensive scale. Write for stencil. '


..will. bring the highest prices per box ever known. GET and FOLLOW our instructious! and you will not only have a good crop of fine fruit next winter,but you your trees}hurt by the De- j I
cember and February freezes, from two or three years set back. Full directions will be given upon application.
.. 1
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Stop Fertilizing for Display It is FRUIT you Want, i

Fine, Bright, Thin-skinned, Juicy Oranges in LARGE II,

QUANTITIES that bring High Prices in Market.. II';

I .IiI ,
,I ''I
The PROFITS in planting come from Increased Yields of Finer Vegetables, which can only be obtained by the use of High Grade Crop Formulas II
adapted to,,your soils and crops. How long is it going'to take you to find out that you can treble and quadruple your NET PROFITS by using our. :
High-Grade Mixtures AS WE DIRECT ? I''

:Many have been so encouraged by PROFITABLE'YIELDS from the use of our Formulas, while previously they had barely made expenses, that j
they have increased their acreage each season until now they derive VERY LARGE INCOMES from their crops. Do you want proof of this assertion ? then !I
write us and we will give it; or try a few acres with our brands and prove it for yourself.Our .
experience in handling the fruit and vegetable crops in New York for many of our customers and their friends has shown us that buyers at
that point examine each purchase with a very critical ,eye, they will pay HIGH PRICES for fine stuff and but very little for that which is ordinary. Write us
-for our pamphlets and advice of how to grow crops for LARGE PROFITS, also, how to fertilize trees on different soils for INCREASED YIELDS of FINER
Do you know that the application of light ammoniates, such as Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, etc., etc., are the MOST INJURIOUS ARTICLES ,
you can put on your grove ? They give a splendid growth of wood and foliage, but acting only as. STIMULANTS. they DESTROY THE FRUIT PRODUCING !II
PROPERTIES of tree and plant ,
A Ton of our carefully-prepared Formulas, applied as we advise, is worth, in the long'run' a carload of these ammoniates improperly applied and
being IMPROPERLY PROPORTIONED with potash, phosphoric acid, magnesia, etc., etc. I
You are growing FRUIT, not FOLIAGE, for sale, VEGETABLES, not VINES, therefore you must avoid all .RANK GROWTH It is
STEADY, STRONG and HEALTHY GROWTH that developes the FRUIT-PRODUCING: PROPERTIES of the plant and puts money into your I
pocket. Write us for all information on agricultural matters, to I I

,:;: T1O and 7' I2 East Bay St.!,: Jacksonville!,: Florida!,: ,.

: "' And for all information about selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to' ff:' :

:1f4.;r No.1 !,: Broadway!,: New York; !,: N. Y. : '. :
Get our latest prices on all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all competitors.; Our facilities enable us to do this : :

easily, .and, as a rule, to give better and higher class grades of materials. I !


l, > : : j
x.. ; ; ; :. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., and NEW YORK, N. Y.

ST ABJISnEO: : : : : IN 17O.


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