Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
February 16, 1895
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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S. l-owersl-ubllsheralUll-ropl"Jetor. 4'oL VII, No. li,

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58 & 60 WEST MARKET S'Iln ct 12tt: MICHIGAN' ST.,

The best Chemicals for the purpose for which it. is in-
tended. Not an ounce of "filler" or

"make weight" used." .
Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application Reliable agents wanted at
all principal shipping points,
". Read our guaranteed analyses.! Write for prices .
REFERFNCES :-, ("... ._
---- -- -
J1. ,
; 1 We also manufacture a special fertilizer for
First National Bank of Jacksonville, Kla. Bank Commerce' Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and' Brad- SIMON .j,..I young orayge treestcnitocs, onions, grapts,
street's Agencies. J ,; f the etc,. Korroulas made frpni practical field tech
f :" .' a'm irle' q cFteu rflljz' ; I ; : : i ; ..
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fstual sh wlsS ,
;I 'fi'UL Uorn e
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ux I'"o pAiNTiJKj>- :
a C6 ; D.A-
CA o To everyone interested in plantsourNEW E. 0. PAINTER & .: Props., NITRATE ,

CATALOGUE for 1895 .
G '
,DeLand Fla.
0 will be found invaluable 64 pages; illustrated, described and priced. Send GUAKANTICIS) ANALYSIS : BLACK.

>< we for are it. able It's fill orders Although for the almost recent everything cold hurt catalogued much of our excepting outside Citrus stock, Moisture .... .... .. ......... .... .....5 to 8 per ct. ANl> -
Ammonia ... ... .. to 4N ct
SpaA Specially fine line of Economic and Ornamental Plants }'otacliactual(( ). :;::::.:. .:::::::::12 4 to 13 per per ct. All Kinds Chemicals
Phos. Acid (avail'e: ).... .... ............6 to 7 per ct.JQjf Agricultural .
ItEASONEIt BROS., Oiicco, Fla. Made exclusively from Sulphate of AminoE
nia, Sulphate of Potash, and 0. PAINTER & CO. ,
Black. DeLand, Hla.
-- -.-

some parts of the country, at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE, or no FraudBuRsFrvitWrappers.?: POURS
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest, but Best By Pressing the Lid.34 .
and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown Budded Trees of this and other varietiesnow -- .. ...
for sale. Sample oranges by mail for IDC each, to pay postage. CATALOGUE FREE. :,:

Semi-Tropical Nurseries, Orlando, Fla \
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may ; .

P.A: r cASSA"V".A :mow.Tlti' now know that they get an honest ream
of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto
plant a native of Braz 1, has been grown in Florida for several years and its popularity dealers .
ream as some unscrupulous
has increased with general planting. As a substitute for Irish Potatoes for table use it is unsur- ,
passed. For a feed for stock, especially milch cows, it is very valuable having been shown to supply. e '
double the flow of milk.
Our stock of seed cane went through the late freeze uninjured, and we now have a large OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"
stock on hand. ..
Price, 30 cents per lb.; two Ibs. for 50 cents, postpaid.By Printed Wrappers are put up in packages '
or freight, not prepaid, per 100 feet, $i 25; per 1,000 feet, 900.
express of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is Tea and Coffee pots of artist ic design with novel
ii. o. i-iA aAiisro: : fach Ask for them or semi lor illustrationsTHE ,
our 4o-page Catalogue, free I n te r I ac h Q n Florida.. ) to 1000. No one can AS8URY-PAINE MFG CO., PHILA., PA.

This is a gaud tiling.
-- -- -
SATSUMA! TRI DLIATAIll. prices. Send for samples and prices r'------ SAW MILL

..... and hardy;satsuma: orange, toTHE FARMER'S works successfully with
.. it with the prouucuva
C nee
(( L. l alp r Ii new iOguouT i8v4-9S! rlcoulI.11: years expci ; I MJ112and
,unln'ur' d.) h. p., also! Grinding} | |
./I'lti the vi-->roux Citrus trtfoliaea, which without protection, stands the winters as! far north 11.1 Washington
0RA ; DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co..
trabTiata stocks. Over varieties utl for i-lorida and Lower ,
iii oranL'o-ana 300
variety walnuts, : chestnuts,kumquats: ornamentals .323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ca.
rrftnes..apricots.olives,mulberries pom"'ranates: almonds pecans Janan: Tapan deal in
N. B. We not imprinted

E CHE P M S,. PEAR .. PAPIU! has wrappers. OMOIOJ3 .
'l varieties to extensive exjjenmc-ntafTrchurUs roun.s,mdlntaincU Jor the purpose at consiUerabio "
estiug Guided\ F IZLTI'1'y c.1.n.d I.l"LO'Vt1 '
been n leadIng feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the.outlay In the information: a(ora/a-
by results obtained In our own rose; "gardens( .we have selected and bITer,as especiallywell adapted to the climate: rl'P'lol\, 1: i Urr: .rr EE s. I.l"OISOUTHERN"

nIt ; FOR ..
grower"s annual a n ban Luuk freo 1-ull correct Uescnpiionsj 40 accurate, SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.
artistic Illustrations i recent results with leading sorts| latest practceancbest methods culture management Send to Satsuma Orange, Hardy and Katly. New
Fla. for new edition (enlarged and rewritten thrminrhnnO of the Cataiift of hit Write for Catalogue and price tist.JENNINGS' Japanese Plums, reaches, Pears, Roses, Camellias -
NURSERY CO., &c., at very low prices. Catalogue for the
I i GLENStMARYNURSERIES ask ug. 1), 1., 1'1I ItSN, .'.'Olt.MQuUcoll .
Tliowarvllle. UR. _, 1<1.



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The Cincinnati Desiccating Company's Pure Bone Fertilizer,

Manufactured from High-Grade Sulphate of Potash and Pure Animal Matter,prepared by a desiccating process,which extracts the useless materials and moisture. Compounded according to formulas
especially adapted to the Florida trade. Analysis sworn to and guaranteed. Pure Ground Bone, Bone Meal Cottonseed Meal and Agricultural Chemicals. '

COCCIDIOIDE:A material ABSOLUTELY FATAL to the alleyrodes citri,or white fly,in all the stages of its development. Kqually fatal to red spider,rust mites,their eggs,and to scale with-
out reference to the hatching: erlod. The largest growers are using it with satisfaction.
THE EUREKA INSECTICIDE: Widely used and favorably known. '


Automatic Spray Pumps, Hydraulic Spray Pumps, Bucket Brass Spray Pumps, Knapsack Sprayers, The Low Down Tank Pump
The Nos. 3 and 4 Climax Pumps, Tank Machines, Steven's Water Motors, Portable Engines for Irrigating and Spraying Purposes,
+ Pumps for General Use, House Force Pumps, Light Pumps for Wells, Wind Mill Regulator Force Pumps, Drive! 'Well Points _
"V NOZZLESNixon: Nozzles, Myers Nozzles, Gem Nozzles, Cyclone Nozzles Improved Vermorel Nozzles.
f;:'",,|4-'.,,;'r':t.,:.: ., RUBBER GOODS.

.t .|| Rubber Hose, Plain and Wire-Wound,, Lined Cotton Hose, Hose Couplings.
\ ,
::,: ,<':" Hose Menders Achromatic .. .
'-'' :' Microscopes, Triplets. :,?. ryr ;:a .;; ,. /.,,
( -' .. :
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Butcher &. Gibbs' Imperial Spring-Tooth Harrows, Imperial Spring-Tooth Cultivators, Imperial Heel U Bar Lever Smoothing Harrows,
One and Two Horse Wood and Heel Beam, Chilled and Steel Mold Plows, Coulters, Wheels, etc. _

PACI ING .'1hR.'
":,. 'iJ1 ;.' '.." ,:!- ;,..':'.
Bangor Box Sides, Veneer Cut Pine Sides, ': .c'f'I: "'Ji

/." Dry Pine Heads, Sawed Birch Hoops-. .. r
Split Birch! ..Hoops, freshly Cut Green MixedAHoops ': r" :
,___:). ;: '.'f. .,'.
r" Manilla i I and Colored 'Orange' Wraps; ;! r, '!

.. Shelf Paper, Box: Nails, etc. "

Orange. Sizers, Orange Polishers, Berry Cups and Crates, Cabbage Crates, Six-Basket Tomato ."
and Fruit Carriers Crates Ladders.
.',.' Pineapple ,

s., F*.2VI3ALZP:'. J lc10 kso--'i11.o11C:11o.' : IMai.


1. ..

Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement :
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.It .

has never yet been Adulterated( or Diluted( in any form ,whatever] in order to Lower the Price, as

other] Insecticides have been throughout] ] the] State,

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can .be sprayed(on
the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. .
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis I
very effective, in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow I
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used. .
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak.
These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. .
References and general directions for using furnished on application.Write .
for Price-List. .

i '., -. ,. McMASTER & MILLER .7
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.r. San Mateo, Flat.t .

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CATCH CROPS but, be careful not to disregard the I that are starting, and when the plants hardly be possible to treat a field crop
directions applicable to the Florida cover the land pretty well, discontinueall this way.
Some Things That May be Plantedin latitude given above. If you fail to cultivation.If .
Place of Oranges. secure a copy of this bulletin, let us seed is scarce one piece may be TOMATOES.
The growers who have lost their orange know it at once. planted every third hill and the 'intervening For field culture the .painstaking

crops, in their anxiety to retrieve One thing more, do not fertilize space filled by making cut methods employed in the garden
their ground and their lack of experi. highly for a good crop of nuts but do tings from the growing plants after the would be impracticable; but person

ence with other crops, may go astray.If not fail to strew lime in, the drills, limbs become a little woody. .Make: ally, we should be inclined to fight a
ever there was a time in the historyof unless there is plenty of this elementin the cuttings five inches long, put them little shy of tomatoes this year as a

Florida when no mistakes shouldbe the ground. Do not neglect this; four inches in the ground and press field crop. Too many are "going
made in planting, it is now. We it is of the first importance. firm around them. Pick most of the i into" them.
have taken considerable pains to procure If seed cannot be purchsed from our leaves off and lay them over the cut- Unsolder a lot of condensed milk

from the best practical growersin advertisers, write to us, enclosing ting to shade it. cans in the fire, leaving them without
Florida, information which-can be stamp. Cassava will do more than almost top or bottom, tie a string around

depended on for our latitudes. 'Ve TOBACCO. anything else to solve the problem of each, fill it with soil enriched witha

invite further contributions in this di keeping a cow and chickens throughthe little fertilizer or well-rotted manure,
We cannot advise our readers to
rection. winter in the orange belt in places and transplant into each a plant pre
plant tobacco with the hope of imme-
is little viously grown in a seed-bed. Set the
where there or no
PEANUTS. diate, relief. It is a requiring
I crop cans on a board of a size convenientto
They should be planted the first of much skill growing out of experience, MELONS.In handle. Keep in the cans, water-

April if convenient. The best and no man who is in a tight place planting melons do not have your ing every evening, until the danger

prepare the land is to bed it up as for should build on it, unless he has other "hill" as at the North, but dig a hole, from frost is over, then transplant into

potatoes or cotton, but not too high, crops sufficient to bring him a revenue put in some compost or stable manure, the ground. About four feet apart j
and then open the bed with a small and give him a little margin for ex- mix and cover with dirt about four each way is a good distance. At each

scooter, drop seed about two feet periments in a small way with a viewto inches, and have the place a little lower stick dig a small hole and put in two
apart in drills and cover with a board. engaging in the culture of tobacco than the ground surrounding it, so that shovels of good compost or a handful

The rows should not be over three feet ultimately. as a specialty. the water will run into it instead of I of good fertilizer, then mix well before

apart. Use the small tight-hulled COTTON. flowing off. This method is for high setting the plant. Leave the ground

pea, as the Georgia farmers call them, The same may be said of cotton. pine land. When the plants are sev- depressed so that the water will flow
for the large Virginia peanut will not There is extremely little money in cotton eral inches high pull out all but one, into it.
do in Florida or even in Georgia. i anyhow, except to the farmer on leaving the most vigorous; do not be Tomatoes may be had nearly all
After the pea has come up and is I rich land and on a large scale. We afraid of the one plant theory, it always -! summer by setting the plants directlyover

large enough to work, take a turning- would almost as soon advise,the grower succeeds best here. At the first a two-foot drain filled at the

: plow and bar off as close as practi- in the orange belt, with a few acres hoeing pull more dirt around the vine, bottom with pine saplings,and earth
cable-r-the closer the better-on account of light sandy soil, to sow wheat as to but always keep it low enough for wa- above; but we doubt if it pays. Canning -
of making light work for the plant cotton. ter to settle there. At the next hoeingput i is easily done nowadays.EGG .
'. i hoe, for they want to be cleanly cultivated CASSAVA. more dirt around it, and some pine PLANTS.
until they begin to put out runners straw thrown on the center of the vine
Out of a considerable personal experience The directions for
same apply as
then them be. After
let theyare i will keep it in bearing longer.
we advise no man to tomatoes the shouldbe
only ground
hoed and all the little grass has grow The refuse of these melons will go
this 'for his table, much less for sale more heavily fertilized, as the egg
been taken out, run a sweep around far towards the egg-making businessif
unless it may be the seed (cane) to a plant is a gross feeder. Frequent cul-
them, first a small one, then, after two thrown into the yard ; and the way
limited extent. For a luxury in the tivation is This can be
or three weeks, run a larger one. By the fowls go for them shows that theyare necessary.
form of it is excellent but the made ,
tapioca an exceedingly profitable crop, .
this,time they will be getting too larpe not much behind their masters in .
root is not to be compared to either but we would not advise a novice to
and putting out too many runners for the of taste. The melon rindsare
sweet or Irish potatoes, and we hope attempt above a quarter of an acre..
further cultivation. Then after two either
good preserved or pickled,
never to see the people of Florida reduced It is a crop requiring special skill and
weeks more, run a center-furrow between and will help to supply the place of
so low as to be obliged to eat experience. The most successful
the rows with a sweep and the the missing oranges next winter.S. .
cassava straight. Wherever cassava growers take wonderful pains, even
work of cultivation is over. L. R.
will of both varieties wad of under each
grow potatoes placing a moss
The first of September they will be Pittman Pla.
will and the careful fruit the soil from
painstakingman to
grow, prevent rottingit.
I ready for harvesting. The best way For a home crop the compost or
of .
: I have found for this is to take the can, by raising two crops is but for
barnyard manure good, a
Irish potatoes a year, so keep themas The New York Improved is a recommended -
and run around them and let of the
sweep profitable early crop some i
to have them all the round. variety.
the wing next to the vines run deep year special melon fertilizers advertised in .
and close enough to cut the stems and' Cassava as a stock feed is superiorto our columns would be better. OKRA.
tap-roots ; and let a hand follow the potatoes in every way, in produc- This requires about the same cultivation
plow, raise each bunch and shake the tivity and in available nourishment, SWEET CORN., as egg plant. Okra is a valuable '

dirt out of it. This should be done especially for making milk, eggs and We have known good prices to be resource during the summer, be- .
fat The 'best to obtained by in Bradford ing a healthful vegetable and,one of ,
when the ground is dry, so that the way prepare growers
dirt will not stick to them, and always the canes for planting is to saw them county for shipments of sweet corn and the few that will flourish in the rainy

stop plowing up and shaking out by into pieces containing two jointsor field corn roasting ears sent to Atlanta season. The White Velvet is a good

" jo o'clock a. m., and let the vines lie more if they are slender; the hatchet and other Southern cities. Of variety.

in the sun and take them up late in splinters them so that they dry out. course, they should be shipped with LIMA BEANS. .. \
the afternoon: The ground should be plowed deep some husk on and great care be takento Henderson's Bush and King of the ,

i Have long strips fixed up in the and well. fertilized, for !it is a great prevent heating ; and we would Garden are good varieties. They may j
; barn on posts and string the vines on mistake that cassava requires no fertil- advise only small experimental ship- be planted in February or March: in..4;

them, letting them hang in the shade izer. Still, it will not answer to apply ments for a beginner.For hills three feet apart and well fertilized.It .

until thoroughly dry, and then pack much barnyard manure, as this a succession plant every three is important to plant good, durable
t away so as to make room for more. will produce rank tops and stringy weeks up to June, in rows four feet poles, as they rot very rapidly in this
In this way our farmers can fill their tubers. :Mark off the land the same apart, two feet in the row. Use a climate, and when they are heavily
", barns with the best feed there is without distance as for corn, with furrows six handful of good fertilizer or a shovelof loaded with vines in the fall they are
much cost or trouble. The peanut inches deep; drop a piece in each compost to the hill, well mixed in ; liable to be blown down. It is a good

is a crop that never {fails; one can check, cover shallow, not filling the I put seed about five inches deep and plan to sprinkle a little fertilizer around depend on them every furrow full, and firm the soil well over cultivate level. Cory is recommended.We each hill and hoe it in- two or three ,.

time.J.. E. W. i. it by stepping on it or patting down have had good results for our own times during the summer; this will
Eustls, Pla. well with the hoe, to prevent dryingout. use with Stowell's Evergreen, fertil-. give them a fresh stimulus. They are
The writer evidently has in view When the plants begin to appear ized with cotton seed meal well mixedin I great bearers; if frost holds off they

chiefly the forage to be obtained. For harrow crossways, to completethe the soil.When will continue to produce all winter.
fuller information on growing peanutsas covering and at the same time ex- the bud worm begins to be When cut down by frost immedi'o'
a commercial article write to the terminate all weeds that may be start- bad in hot weather, it is said that a ately remove the tops and throw .'

Department of Agriculture, Washington ing. The cultivation should be the little ,hot sand dropped in on him will a shovelful of earth over the stubs.

i D. C., and, ask for Farmers' same as for corn, growing shallower do the business for him. We have When danger of frost is over uncover
each time disturb the tubers tried it. Of it would and fertilize them and will -""
Bulletin No. 25 on Peanut Culture, not to never. course they grow

,_._ ., ._' ..,. c

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116 TUB. FLORIDA. AfcMBR AND FEUlm=:OkOWkft.i .--
j ij i LOCKHART LITTLE, President. J. E. STILLMAN, Sec. and Treas.




i >"4 .... .
:... .
Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree. .,- j'w' >.,.,
; : : :: :
.. ',r'"e ,, I Ir
'. -
:.},::::,] November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results.
:fI' "

Orange Planters True Value Number One," "Orange Planters True Value Number Three,"

Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.

t We, solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. Pam-

: phlets and prices furnished on application.,

and come into bearing sooner than both have an even start. In uplandrice Grove aid Orchard.The I spading harrow,,,and that only in Mayor
new plants. cultivation must take the place of June of every year, or every other
YELLOW :MILLO :MAIZE. the; flooding which is resorted to with year, as I might think best-no other
This is a forage crop of much lowland rice to remove the weeds.; Orange or Nothing. tool, but the scythe or mowing machine
+!i value; it also produces seed which COWPEAS. There is little question as the profitof to be used in the grove-no

: makes excellent batter-cakes and egg- orange growing if one has means vegetable matter be cut green or removed -
'Little need be said as to these, theyare
,k. bread, fully as good as buckwheat so easyto for forage. For sufficient and does not undertake too from the grove. I would
flour to which it has been compared. table use plant grow the Lady-finger varietyas much. An experience of twenty yearsin throw aside the pruning-knife, saw

Yields of 2200 pounds of seed per soon as the danger from frost is the business only confirms the opin- and spray pump and rely upon a sufficient -
acre are on record in Louisiana; this ion that it is the most profitable of all quantity of some good com-
over. It is best to plant in drills or
would make about 36 bushels. It lills'two horticultural pursuits. There is no plete manure made from the best non-
and a half or three feet
i also furnishes the children with a apart reasonthat I can see (except coldwhyfrom ) volatile mineral elements to keep the
and cultivate at least twice. Even for
15 good article of popcorn. The forage forage it will to'do this. $300 to $500 per acre may note tree in healthy condition. A good
yield is very heavy, but it must bee purposes pay : realized every year if one's groveis fertilizer, and enough of it, is the best

11 harvested when green,. else it quickly ---4'S'- not too large for his means. It is insecticide. On very poor land ,less
becomes dry and tasteless and loses Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder really about the only thing for which than 40 pounds', the tree would be,

; much ,of its value. It endures drouth Most Perfect. Made. South Florida is suited.I think, insufficient ; 60 pounds wouldbe
11. better than corn and will yield! ay have no confidence ,in farming or better ; 20 pounds per tree !applied
large amount_ of feed I late in the Mayor Geo. \V. Kinnison informs us trucking. The country from soil and in May and 40 pounds per tree in
,I, spring, being full of leaves from top that he had a fine swarm of bees come climate (mtaning South Florida) is October in the grass, weeds, etc.
The cultivation is about out February roth. They were hived suited for either If I think
to bottom. not pursuit. as This plan would, so invigorate :
: the same as for corn. and went to work at once. Is there a some of your correspondents suggest, ,the tree that it would successfully\
RICE. point,in the State that can report as orange growing is a failure and we resist drouth, insects, etc., and leaveit

t r'; This is a very tedious crop to harvest much: but what else can you expect had better go at something else as.. in just the best condition to resist
and clean by hand, and unless I in such a grand county as Lee, where raising corn, peas, etc., then I thinkwe cold-not growing, but vigorous and
j1,t. there is machinery somewhere in the the orange and lemon trees are clothed had better pull up stakes, quit the full of life.-S. E. Mays in Agricul-
with their dark-green colors? Even the
and where the soil will
it will not the country go turist.
c neighborhood pay the late freeze not cutting back the ten- at it won't _. ._ _
1c' grower to raise more than two or produce cornLetc., : a profit:! !
} der shoots the main bodiesin
: three acres of it. A part of it can be or affecting do it here. There is but one difficultyin A Mind in Doubt.-
i' given to the, poultry in the straw, and the least.-Fort Myers Press. the way in the orange business, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

,; they will soon learn to hetchel it out Old residents tell us that fifty or and that is the cold spells, freezes or On reading carefully all the various

t for themselves. The straw, if cut when sixty years; ago just such weather pre- blizzards we occasionally have and articles on the fertilizer question where j\
r the grain is about in the milk, is good vailed, everything that cold could destroy which are likely to be more frequentin the writers all seem to be trying to get,
forage for( stock. But very few men being destroyed. Old bearing the future and perhaps of greater things down to a fine point without

I will care to thresh out over an acre or orange trees were killed to the ground, severity. It is just here the lesson of much success, one is led to see the dif :'
: two for table use. It has to be and in some instances they say that the freeze lies. What is the best ficulty of the subject.

;. whipped out across the edge of a icicles reached from the roof of a sin- method of management and fertili-- It would'require a very deep knowl-

I board or over the top of a barrel, gle-story house to the ground.Marion zation of the grove that will .bring and edge of chemistry to fully understandthe
I then the seed has to be pounded in Times.A keep the trees in the best condition to matter, and I have been puzzlingmy

I order to free it from the closely adhering Mr. and his resist these freezes ? The fruit we brains over the last analysis in .
I Dewey sons got up at sell insure. It is the tree we by Mr. S. P. Shepherd.
hull or chaff. But it will yield a'i and worked can your paper
good deal more food per acre than like midnight beavers Thursday night want to preserve. Can it be done so Have each of the fertilizer brands

i.; corn, often twice as much. straw covering everythingwith as to insure a fine crop every year ? mentioned phosphoric acid and potash |
i 1'1 I It should be strewn in drills about pine previously and the preparedfor I believe'it can and while I have not out of all proportion to the ammonia r

three feet apart and covered with ai'l with an dirt emergency and have such next heroic day given the plan a trial in all its details practically? When all these ingredii i
by I have made in the ents in the soil chemical ac-
turn.plow two or three inches deep. the experiments are put 1
efforts saved of
I f 75 per cent. every- last seem 'to me to fully tion takes place, certain chemicals
When the rice is peeping through, run the which "twenty years
I thing planted, even tomatoes
!, over the field with a board, takingcare Tribune.Mr. warrant this conclusion.To having a greater affinity for others
not to let the horse walk on the were looking fine.-Tampa take up as little of your space as than for what they are in combinationwith

row, and knock the top of the ridge S. C. Cureton informs us that possible, I would suggest then, to secure so much so as to nonplus even
off. This will scrape off the tops of he saved from the freeze, on his truck this end, the following method of the nicest calculations made beforehand -

the rice but will not check its growth, farm at Centre Hill, 50 acres of Irish management of the grove': The entire, I, by rendering inert and therefore
while the grass and weeds will be destroyed potatoes, by covering the young plants abandonment in bearing groves of the useless chemical properties that might
and leave a clear field'to the with earth. He had covered the plants turn.plow, an implement not only use- otherwise be immediately available.Our .

rice to get started in. This is a great since the last freeze December 29th. less for any purpose, but I believe pos- ,. standard chemical manures

advantage,. as, it is extremely difficultto He also saved 10,000 tomato plants. itively injurious in, our bottomless have twice as much phosphoric' acid,
Commercial! lieu of it I would the and three four times much
clean the grass out of the rice when Leesburg sand. In use to as pot-

f t

1 iiI"'I1'-nj.'IV''V'' 'TW ______, .c .-_,_ -.. ,-- -=--' ."'-==---.- ._ h __ "=_ -- -. -. .- -.--------- J


; .

For Orange Trees, Vegetables, and Pineapples. Every kind of Raw Material.


For bearing< orange trees. I For bearing orange trees For" young orange tree/ Vegetable fertilizer.,
Ammonia............... 4: to 5 per. cent. I Ammonia ...... ....... 3 to 4l'crccllt.: Ammonia............... 5 to 0 per. cent... Ammonia..!............. b to (6{ per<<: cent.
Avail phos.acid.......: StolO A'allpbos.acfd.. ... li to 8". Avail phos. acid......... 7t08.. AynilJlhos.acfd..llto(( 8"' "
Insol phos. acid........ 2to 3" Ihsol phos, acid........ 2to :a. II Insol phoa.! acid. ". ...2toJ.: TIl80Ilhml.tlCid.Ho.1"} : "
Potash K2O ... .... 10 to 12" K20 ............ It to IH"( Potash 120.. ..... .... :Uo4 PotasliK20... ........... II to 10" '
$38 per ton. $37 per ton. f31 per ton. v I $,18 per ton.
: J I> FREE :AT ANY EPO'L": OI: S'I I AM13OA':L' LANDING IN '.L"HE S..1."A..r.I.D.ash .

as ammonia, and yet the analysis all about the neighborhood by gettingonto The Golden Fruit. Mediterranean coasts, Malta, Lis-
of the orange shows that the phos- the feet of birds that light upon An English subscriber sends us the bon, and the' Azores. Large quantitie3 -
phoric acid is needed least of all the the tree, and be carried to other orch following clipping from the Echo : reach us from Jaffa, and these,
ingredients. ards. So you can see something about At the present time the fruit pro without doubt, when in season, are
Perhaps the fertilizer ,companiesmake the danger of it, and we are trying, as ducers of Ceylon are engaged in a the finest oranges in the world. .As I
allowance for the amount of ,ni far as possible, to drive it out of the lively argument as to the truthfulnessof write, large quantities of Florida oranges -
trogen we can collect for ourselves by orchards in which it has become estab- an assertion that two orange trees I may be seen on sale in the win-
our ground crops, such as beggarweedand lished, and also to preventif possible, have yielded crop of 25,000 fruits in dows of the retail fruiterer, the finest

cowpeas. the continual introduction of it from one year! _and the._assertion_ which_is specimens meeting a ready sale at one
What will the intelligent orange eastern, nurseries.Our without doubt reliable, suggests the and sixpence per dozen; but they are
grower of the future do ? Will he go 'friend, McKtlvey, wants a rem advisability of planting orange groves splendid, sweet, juice-laden oranges,
on fertilizing on the present commercial edy. It is a very short one ; dig up extensively in Haputale, so that Cey- without a rival at the present time.
analysis, or will he be bold and burn. That is the only remedyfor lon shall in time become as famousfor The shipment of Florida oranges so
enough to strike out a path for himself I the tree that is badly infested, and its oranges as for its tea. The far has been unusually large, and it is
on his own understanding of the the'best one. If it is very badly'infested mandarin tree which bore this tremen- estimated that already between 350-
question ? And who can possibly it would probably be the cheapest _dous crop should prove an object lesson 000 and 400,000 boxes have been
balance and weigh the amount that is one. This spring the plan of cut- to the merchants of the undevel- sent to European ports. The whole
leached away after being carefully ting the tree off about 18 inches above oped Indian Empire, especially in crop this season is estimated at 5,000-
placed in the soil? the ground and grafting and disinfecting view of the fact that a new system of ooo boxes, and the bulk of the fruit,
I really feel more or less at sea in I the stump, is going to be tried, preserving fresh fruit, whilst in transit, which is exceptionally fine this year,
the matter, and thank Mr. Adams for that is, where it has not become too and for any length of time, and to has come to hand in prime condition.
having started the ball rolling, and so abundant. I will tell you plainly, .it which reference will be made furtheron This year Florida oranges spell profit,
opened up our minds to a new vistaof is worse than all the other insects of will enable them to put oranges and if the quality is kept up, there is
truth. Yours very truly, the orchard we have together, and is from Ceylon, in good condition, upon no reason why this branch of trade
A. T. SWINHOE. being scattered all over the country.I any market, either of the old or new should not prove one of the most lucrative -
want to go this afternoon-and thatis world. and reliable to the fruit
While it is true that in the multitudeof growers
counsellors there is wisdom, we do what is hurrying me away-to look ORANGE CULTURE IN ENGLAND., of America.
over an orchard of trees that
not deem it ,wise to attempt to WHOLESOMENESS: OF ORANGES.
Of the habits of the
were set out this fall, from New Jersey original orangeno
trate too far the arcana of nature, to nurseries, and I expect'to find moreor man knoweth, or, to put it in a The wholesomeness of the orangeis
attempt to apply the scales and cruci- less on these trees. Any trees that simpler form, the experts have not I apparent, for it contains citric and
ble rigidly to !the processes which take and the be said of malic acid albumen
have come from New Jersey nurseries agreed, same may sugar, citrate of
place in the roots and leaves of an or- its introduction into In 1620 malic and in its
since 90, are probably more or, less England. water purest form.
ange tree. All agricultural knowledge, infested. I cannot say that they 'are John Parkinson' informs us in his writ- The combination of the acids and
is ,essentially empirical, that is, based, that here tend to make the
all so infested because there are prob- ings oranges were grown sugar orange the
on experiment; and when the grower ably exceptions. But if left alone it and that "some keep them in square most valuable fruit grown, and when
ascertains through repeated trials by will destroy not only your own orch- boxes, and lift them to and fro by iron eaten ripe and freshly plucked from
himself or his neighbors what fertilizers ardJbut that of your neighbor, and so hooks on the sides, or cause them to the tree. I question if.even !the grapeor
him results he had
the best
give I want to call it to your attention par- be rowled on trundles, or small wheels apple are comparable to it, on account -
better stick to them. under them to them in houseor of its aroma and
ticularly, as it was through the State place an ,
--a-.. Board of Agriculture that got track of close galerie for the winter time. grateful sweet acidity. So beneficialis
The San Jose Scale. it, through Secretary Bonham, and we Others plant them against a brick wall this fruit admitted to be, even by
By request, Professor Webster, 6f traced the trees back to the nursery in the' ground, and defend by a shed medical men, that when fully matured,
of boardes covered with seafe clothin it will in such' diseases cholera
the Ohio Experiment Station, gave the whence it came. as ,
following in regard to. the San Jose Mr. Williams: Are all New Jersey the winter; and by the warmth of a scarlet and other fevers, effect seeming
,; scale, at the recent meeting' of the nurseries under the ban? stove or such other thing, give them ly miraculous cures, provided all
State Institute at Columbus, January Professor Webster: They ought to some comfort in the cold times; but potions, powders and drugs are ban.
;. 16 : be. There are two New Jersey nurseries no tent or mean provision will preserve -i ished at the same time. The mandarin -
It is one of the worst fruit insects of that have brought it from Cali-- them. It was claimed that the variety, which is small and flat, is
California, that has been brought east fornia. One of these nurseries is do outdoor oranges'grown in the gardensof now mostly known to all on accountof
by New Jersey nurserymen getting ing everything it can to disinfect( its Devonshire and elsewhere in the'' its easily detachable and fragrantrind.
fruit trees 'from California. It has stock and the other is absolutely deny- South of England in the seventeenth' A special point in their favor is
spread in the nursery stock, entirely I ing that it is in its trees. century were as large and luscious as' that they are always sweet when on
covering it, and is being sent' out over Mr. Williams: I suggest that you I those of Spain, but unless the foreign, sale, such a thing as a sour mandarin
the country. We have absolute proofof give us the names of those nurseries oranges of that,day were far inferiorto orange in this country being unknown.
that, and further than that, thereare Professor, I am vitally interested in what we are used to (though possibly Thanks to the plenteous manner in

some nurserymen who have posi* that question.___ they _.were. ), the claim seems which the English markets are now
tively refused to take any measures to I Professor Webster: One is the hardly credible, for the orange tree supplied with oranges, almost all the
disinfect their trees; and I am sorry to Parry Nursery Company of Parry, requires a certain amount of heat to year round, and from almost every
bring it to perfection, which our climate conceivable source, we are able by
say, one firm ,simply declares that it is New Jersey, that introduced this scale ,
not in their nursery, when I have ab- insect from California, and they are in the most favorable season, paying (for the privilege, to obtain
solute proof that it is in every tree they now doing everything, so far as I could not secure.- That orange trees sweet oranges even at Christmas.
have been sending out this fall. Thisis know, in their power, to get rid of it. were raised in the conservatory of the -- -e- --
the way that it is being introduced.It But the other company are writing me English country gentleman we may Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
is one of those insect scales that get very innocently that they would re well believe, for in the seventeenth World's Pair Highest Medal and Diploma.
century the plants obtained from .............
into a tree and reproduce in great cognize it if they saw it, while I have --
numbers until it covers the entire bark; the best information that their entire Genoa were as popular then as orchidsare Columbia county nas two rice mills
and these little insects enter the bark stock of apples and pears is infested now, or hothouse pineapples were that turn out a grade of commercial'
and suck the sap, so that when they with it. The name of the company five and twenty years ago. rice which is by many preferred to the
get into a tree it is only a question of that you want to know about is the THE BEST ORANGES. imported article. Every county in the
time till they will kill it. And when Lovett company, of Little, Silver.- The major part of the oranges im.. State, even in the orange belt, should
they are very young they can be spread Ohio Farmer ported into this country come from have one or more rice mills.

. _..---- _. ...,. Ifil


I .

; .
,- ,
.."."' yyy9"Yy .



_OUR I_ H. J J. BAKER & BRO ,.s GOODS QUIck are reliable ActIng Trees? and and for Orange Vegetables.


, Namely-Nitrate: of Soda, Sulphate of Ammonia, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, Chopped Tobacco

R; Stems, Kentucky ,Tobacco Stems, Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Potash, Kainit, etc.

". We also Mix any Special Formula at Lowest Possible Cost.
> '

,J.\:\<-1rt ":", Write for Prices ,and Analysis. We seek the Grower's trade direct. ,:
; f'


"i.. ,

; J'a.o1 : or1"V'111e.. F'1orJ.cIEk. '.I'HE: FERTILIZER MOUSE OJB FLORID .

t Farmer $ Trucker our hammock with game. Have fine plant to restrict if properly attendedto ment of differences and settlement of
( cattle and hog ranges. We have milk in time. It would be a great bles claims. Such is our experience in

------- --- ---- and butter the year round. Raise sing to have it extend _over a great Baltimore, and I take it, from an unquestioned -
A Philosophical View. chickens and turkeys for ourselves and many of the barren hillsides of the statement of a like experience -

, Editor Farmer and Fi uk-Grower: the hawks. North where nothing but a few weeds made by a delegate at the last
;;,' Our subscription to THE FARMER No,we are not afraid of starving if we and wild grasses seem to grow. annual meeting of this League, the

t. AND FRUIT GROWER has expired, and can only make "the tongue and buckle On very light, sandy soil where the same is true elsewhere. It is therefore -

r how to raise the necessary amount meet" until we can turn about and true ,clovers would make no stand at my purpose to confine myself to

; puzzles us; but how husband is to do correct some of our mistakes.It all, I have seen the Mexican clover such remarks, as can be compressed ina

,without it I cannot see. Son and I call is, as the girls say, awfully incon produce a fair crop of hay, and sow necessarily short paper, bearing upon
Y y it his Bible, and it is just possible that venient to be without any money.. We enough seed for another season. The transportation as applied to our busi--
t he may; ,read it more than he does the have had to stop our papers and maga seeds need cultivated soils to germi- ness to the railroads alone.

sacred book. He may be more exer- zinesand maybe sweeten our coffee I nate in, and sometimes they will lie CHARGES ON DAMAGED GOODS. -
make with and stay at home cold days dormant uncultivated soils for
cised how to an orange grove syrup on sev Take the'case of
goods 'arrivinginsuch
than he is as to the route to the promised I and hot days. SUMTER. eral seasons without growing. A little condition be
, land. ,At any,rate. Providence. has Bayhill, Fla., Feb 12._ cultivation of the soil .with the plow saleable damaged as not to
-- -- o at a price large enough tomeet
bit. The first --c---- r -- and harrow makes them sorine
seen fit to us up.a UP as
Mexican Clover for Poor Soils.A : 'charges. It appears such goodsare
of if : ic. The of such
freeze took our entire crop oranges. byma value a cropon forced on the receiver in -some
You did not tell us to sell for low Maryland'writer in the American a very poor piece of land is read places under a threat to demand''' of

; prices. The last freeze left us, we do Cultivator says : We have plenty of ily appreciated. Besides returning I his shippers of freight
where sure it thin soils in the North which material to the the pre-payment
1 not know yet.Ve are poor, vegetable ground, charges thus creating a doubt as to
' and straw well be with form of'matted sod which ,
;i took our earliest vegetables might improved a cropor roots a sort his financial soundness and ruininghis
i berries. Hicks says that we are to have two of the great Southern grass for will collect drifting debris, and in business. ,
another freeze in March, and we believe poor land-the Mexican or Spanish time make the soil thicker and much
I But we plainly refuse to such
he knows.Vhat are we to do? clover. In most of the piney-woods better adapted to the growing of gen- accept
goods on the ground that the railroad
I If we hold our hands and wait to see, counties along the Atlantic coast, and eral crops. Horses and cattle both
had no right to and could not exact
our merchant might refuse us bread togo back some distance from the Gulf of like Mexican clover; and in the South ,
I of charges at the of a
I with our meat. We raised our Mexico, the sandy soil is too thin and many grow it simply for this purpose, payment loss to the receiver expense and the

hogs, turned them into a chufa patch poor to support any of the true clovers, preferring it, everything considered, to money shipper nothing. And, fairness
but Hicks did not let us but with other As its get
,i to fatten; as as they are planted to-day most grass plants. to forced the of this doctrine
have cold spell when that gave out Mexican clover they produce bountiful relative value as a stock food there : nor do' delivering acceptance lines the;

we bought corn from a neighbor to crops of grass that stock relish, and will probably be considerable differ course aforementioned because pursue damage -
keep them fat until suitable weather which is excellent for the soil, either ence, but almost all agree that it is un' '
suits could be
'I I came, but as our money gave out, and plowed under or simply as forage. excelled as a forage plant, and for cul cuted thereon. prose
did killed and extensive tracts of the South tivation soils where the land
,1\\ it still not come, we Very on poor This is by of showing that the
ri pickled the meat, and now we have as owe a complete regeneration to this will not support any of the true way
profitable course is to be sure havea
good whole hams and shoulders as new plant. Planted early in the sea- clovers. And this applies to the Northas you
with basis in
just cause a legal right,
ever Armour put up. son the Mexican clover there producesa well as to. the South, although judg- such fair minded would
as a man recognize -
These freezes may prove a blessingyet. good hay crop in the fall, and sup- ing from the cultivatton of it in the then it accurately and
Heretofore have stuck or enough seed for another the the would the present
we plies crop past, reverse seem to be
concisely, and then push it with a willto
ange trees into every available spot, following spring. The plant is an an- prevailing, opinion.Grievances successful ending.
intending raise oranges to buy nual, but the seed that it drops into a ,
breadstuffs, horse and cow feed, and the soil survives the coldest winter, Against Railroads. UNEQUAL CHARGES.

: it has taken them to do it, and not and takes complete possession of the During the recent session of the National Everybody knows the freight F f
overly plentiful at that. Since the ground before the weeds. If other League of 'Commission Mer- charges on pears and quinces to be :

freeze we have room for some corn, 'crops are planted at the harvesting chants, Mr. W. S. Gavan, of Balti- higher than on other perishable goods, E
oats and peas. I time in the fall they will be protectedby more, delivered an address which is that as a rule, the time service is no

While this is a fine country for citrus the stubble of the clover, and as reported in full in the Fruit Trade better, nor, taking a period of years, is

I fruits, excepting when freezes come, it soon as they are cut the next summer Journal.! The following paragraphs the average value any greater than,

is as good, if not the best, farming the Mexican clover will immediately .are interesting: say, of apples.'
country that I have seen in the State. spring up to take their place. It may I think, be safely agreed And we are bound to admit that the I

We also grow fine melons and vegeta The Mexican clover travels easily, that this line of business in which we only escape, thus far, has been the

blestVe are in the extreme western very probably by means of the birds, are all engaged finds but little difficulty 'billing and marking of such goods as

part of Sumter county, between the which are, fond of, its seeds, and oc. with water transportation companiesin apples, which has been practiced 'to
Withlacoochee river and,Gum slough, casionally it will be found growing in effecting improved service to meet some extent, but which is somethingof

;i beautiful clear creek misnamed places where one least expects it. the new needs of the business as they which no one can be proud, and

These streams abound with fish, and Nevertheless it is not a disagreeable arise, or in getting prompt adjust I must be regretted by every honest man



. I The trouble is, the inequality of I Poultry.! POPULAR. POULTRY FARM

charges when the service is the same ,.... u - ,
- - - - -

has created the subterfuge. And, if i ..... Edited- by S.- S.- DeLANOY- ........,..,.,..Apopka- -, Fla- -. .....
it can be shown it is as much to the APOPKA FLORIDA.Opinion .
Where am I at ? Am I in Floridaor
interest of the railroad the
as to
pro- the frigid 'zone ? When I gaze of the Press.
ducer or receiver to put such goods in
pet Minorca's comb and
the same class with apple it is for upon my The Vice-President of the Florida Poultry Association
wattles, it makes me think I am in the and editor of the South Florida home.
this League to do so. makes the following comments on the exhibitat
latter place. The idea of a {fowl'sheadgear South Florida Fair:
As to the proper method, opinionsmay
here in the sub-tropical pen- The next in order comes the Popular Poultry
vary. For myself, I suggest that insula going the way they do in the Farm, Apopka, S. S. DeLinoy, proprietor, with
each member of the transportation arctic: region never entered my head, one trio each of Langshans! Indian Games,
committee make an intelligent state- I White leghorns and Black l\Iinorcas-and four
but hard facts have taught me dif-
ment of the relative values of pears better trion were seldom seen The Indian
ferent. An exposure of 7X834 inchesto Games were the best we have ever seen, and
and in his
quinces as against apples the cutting blasts of the 8th inst., easily won the blue card, as did the White Leghorns
and adjacent markets (if importantones was more than fowl nature could > = and Minorcas. The Langshans ought to
) for say a period of five years stand, and the is his = I=- "- have had the first, but through an oversight o
back, of the average relative time service consequence -;-__ = the Judge it was given top pair that were dish
beauty, if not his future usefulness, is -
and if time is the same, whether ; :' qualified.
I a thing of the past. The above, coming from a breeder of experience
or not their condition at ,the point of The interesting recital of M. G..M's is worth the attention of all who contem-
arrival is is plate the purchase of fowls or eggs
or not generally good. with -
the feathered tribe .
experience ,
: __ Send for catalogue.
That such statements shall be for- : stamp
in Our Rural Home Department,
warded as soon as may be to the chair- s. s. DeT4ANOY PROJ.:
was read ,and questions noted. We ,
man of the said committee, who shall
have no reason to believe her biddies
compile a general statement thereupon will wander from home in search of
which shall memorialto acquainted with the Paragon strain, "SHOULD CHICKS BE REMOVED AS SOON
accompany a
one of those morning disturbers pro- but of readers "
be the traffic possibly some our are AS HATCHED?
presented to I
viding they are properly fed. I have S. S. D.
when they make up their rates at their known fowls with Leghorn blood in not. < inquires Mrs. J. B. H., of Memphis,

annual meeting, which memorial shall them to wander more than half a mile Artificial Incubation.In Tenn. This is a mooted question,
make a fair and honest statement of some of our best authorities
limited shall taking
from home in search of food. Pos our space we en-
the case and a request for relief, if the sibly they were taught that trait (from deavor to answer a few of the many diametrically opposite positions upon

investigations and statements from the turkey that belonged to the same questions we have lately received ;. this point. We are in favor of keep-
the members of the transportation parties. upon this subject. ing the incubator closed while chickens -

committee justify such request. Will they do as well without. a male? "WHICH IS THE BEST INCUBATOR?" are hatching. It is a well known

EVASION OF CLAIMS. The New York experiment station has been asked us so often that we fact that during the last stages of incu-
bation the animal heat of the chick is
One of the most aggravating things conducted an experiment in that line, place this "chestnut" at the head of ,
about our association with railroads is and came to the conclusion that the the list. so great that only a small flame is required .

the slowness with which "claims" are egg yield was larger, and of course In answer to this question, we inva- to produce the proper temperature. -
When number of chicks
acted on. We can all appreciate the not being fertile kept longer, there- riably refer the writer to the advertise- a are
hatched and removed from the
necessity; for a separate department fore they decided that when ggs only ing columns of the Southern Fancier, chine it is that the ma-
'for their charge, which ought to 'facilitate were wanted, a male with: the flock advising him to write for: the catalogues reduced, plain critical temperatureis
to'a The
action, and can admit that a was a positive drawback, to say noth- of the different( manufacturers. period.
of machine
great many foolish, excessive or bad ing about the extra feed .he would We dq this because we believe that all opening to remove'chicks
which' time
lypresented,, claims are filed. consume. of the machines advertised in these occupies some also

:But why is it, allowing time for its Fowls confined. to runs require more columns are goodones, and with destroys humidity.both the proper The results temperatureand which .

1 examination 'in its order, a perfectly care and attention in providing a' Variety proper,care will hatch a large percen- follow fatal.
J. reasonable, moderate and righteous of food which they would pickup tage of fertile eggs. Each claims superior -I are consequently
;claim, accurately and concisely pre- ,if they were on the range. And advantages in minor details, I SHALL i PLACE" THE THERMOM-

.sented, should drag along over so that is the reason they do not do betterin :which are fully explained in the cata ETER?

many months unsettled, finally to be the hands of some people who logues, and the party desiring to purchase asks Robt. J. T., Louisville, Ky. It

pigeon-holed when the claimant is sick simply think to throw in a few hand can best judge for himself which. is immaterial where the thermometeris

of the delay, lets the matter go and no fuls of grain a couple of times a dayis of these advantages he prefers. placed the first few days, but when

longer bothers about it? all the care they need, and right "WHAT is THE PROPER DEGREE OF the chicks begin to develop, the animal

It may be that the average railroad there is where they make the mistake.If HEAT?" heat begins to rise, and as the temper-

employe in this department calculateson M. G. M. had confined those Lang- is another query often propounded.I ature of the egg, not the egg chamber,

such ending and acts accordingly.But shans in runs, allowing 100 square 103 degrees is the proper temperature, should be kept at the proper degree,

I have often thought that, while, feet of yard for each fowl, and pro- and while a slight variation from this it follows that the thermometer shouldbe

it should be business policy to employas vided for them as we have explainedin point will not make any material difference placed so as to register this heat,

good material in this department as these columns in the past, she still the percentage of the and if can only be done by placing the

in any other, it was made a refuge for would have had no reason to com- ,. hatch will be governed by the latitude bulb of the themometer on a fertile

the inefficients and incapables, who plain of the amount of eggs produced.We allowed in this respect, and the vital- egg-

have to be taken care of, and that out have Langshans that have been ity of the chicks will also be dependent "CAN I HATCH CHICKEN AND DUCK

of this came dilatory action upon, and confined the past six months that upon the variation. The greatest EGGS IN AN INCUBATOR AT THE

light consideration of matters, often could'nt do much better unless they number of chicks that may be hatched SAME TIME ?"

serious to us. laid twice a day on Sundays. It is from a given number of eggs, is not writes a subscriber in Philadelphia,

It may savor too much of a lessonto an actual fact that one pullet missed a always the desired object, but the 1>a. Not successfully. A certain

the railroads, as to how to run this day and laid two the next to make up greatest number of strong, vigorous amount of each will hatch, but the

department of their business to sug-- for lost time, (one perfect and one chicks, and this result can only be obtained *. best results can be obtained when

gest,any method of hastening passageof soft shell). when the proper conditions for hatched separately. As the duck

chims, nor as I am not in love with The Asiatics will do as well confined perfect development have existed. eggs require a longer time to hatch,
talking about something of which I as if given the freedom of the "SHALL i TURN THE EGGS: ?" the variations in temperature when

know nothing, am I going to try; but State. Readers, what is your opinion? asked a subscriber in Ohio who had chicks begin to hatch will make a suc-

\ it is in place for me to say that per We should be pleased to have some just purchased an incubator. Repeated cessful hatch of the duck eggs impos-

sonally I make sure my claim is'good, one call us down if they think we are, tests have proven that to obtain sible. The same thing will happen if

present it in the best shape I can, and wrong on this question; the more, the a successful hatch it is necessaryto the duck eggs{ are put in a week after

after it is filed, never let up followingit merrier. Why don't residents of this turn the eggs. This should be the chicken eggs.

until I find an end of some kind. State contribute to their home ,paper done twice per day, and at'regular

And this is what you can all do, as individuals instead of those published in Northern intervals, after the first day and until THE IMPROVED

firms or associations, throwing cities ? We hardly pick up a Northern the eggs begin to pip. It is true that VICTOR

I aside the common hesitancy to attack poultry paper without seeing an many claim successful hatches who

a railroad, with confidence and article from some Floridian. turn the eggs only once per day, whilea INCUBATOR

pride in your manhood, and in the Will Mr: .Schrader please tell us few claim that it is not necessary to [Hatches Chickens by Steam.

righteousness of your cause press with. about those full outer-feathered Para turn them at all. The best hatchesare ,I_. Absolutely The simplest Nt'll'reeulatliiff:most! relluble.

out ceasing for a speedy and satisfac gon Leghorns we saw advertised obtained when the eggs are turned Cutiv-IOKUO WKJ u inn r"w Bin ami the cheapest market U t-clltllt Circular) *\'her .

tory settlement. some time ago ? Of course we are twice per day: cento? GEO.lfillTULJtCO." Qulnoy, ffi


.... .. '- --- .

.- W
--- .,, .
I -, .... .-.'--


----- -- ----
bachelors in our midst would feel less Awarded ,
State News. Our Rural Home.
helpless and morbid had they early
-...... Highest Honors-World's Fair,
learned some of ,these important les-
From the present indications water- Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, sons that were taught their sisters, to DR;

melons will be the principal crop for St. Thomas Fla. SlY nothing of the nice, helpful hus-

the northern markets to be raised in After the Freeze. bands they would make when the

this county. There will be an immense Away away! o'er the sunny seas: right girl is found. '
farm at Tacoma and Hawthorn, Whore never was! rumorof frost or freeze, I A woman can make a very useful 3ICEj
and the farmers throughout the countyare Where the merry birds sing the live-long cupboard or dresser, even without

following the example.-Gaines In January as well as May.
Sun.Burton. I
ville Thus said: I, in anguish of soul, sore useless orange boxes. I havein CREAM
& Harrison have leased 15 tried, a room (for which the furniturehas

acres of prairie and hammock land on As I faxed on the orange boughs that not yet been purchased, a set of
the Dead lake plantation of Hon. have died, shelves screened from view by a bright BAKING '

Edwin Gilbert, and are busy plantingthe The And withered the golden and fruit frosted that leaves illusive among.hung, figured cretonne curtain, made by 1

same to sugar cane, corn, etc. standing on end two of these new I
The work this year is more in the nature And where,oh, where is that sunny land ? boxes, nearly three feet apart, with a POWDfR

of an experiment, to see what the One answering, spoke-Is it near at hand' board on top, reaching across from
Or far o'er the foam
away, ocean ,
land will produce. Dr. Harrison pro the outer two boxes are
edges more
That weshall
againseek a warmer MOST PERFECT MADE.A .
nounces the land of excellent quality For the Frost:::; King rules o'er a wide standing on these, and another board
and says he is fully satisfied of its productiveness domain, (they happen to be new and nicely pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free
Mr.[ Gilbert is also planting lIe has loosed his minions-there is no planed ones) is over the top of these. from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant
about 40 acres in the same section. chain Each box having a'shelf made by the 40
To bind old Boreas steady and still,
-Crescent City News. I And l over the world he's seeking his will. partition piece is used for clothingand
The hogs on Lake Jesup have been small articles, while the larger Florida, fully intending to make a
gradually disappearing for the last The wires are busy: all over the land, spaces have worderful capabilities as home in this sunny land; they locatedin
Spreading the news that he moves his a (then) out of the place near
two or three years, until they are wand, closets. :More elaborate ones may way
about all gone, and it is now on Lake And the earth is covered with ice and be made with two orthree small boxesin Smyrna. The cottage was lowly and
Harney that they are dying' some snow, addition to these four larger ones. surroundings poor; the husband be- .
claim with cholera, at all events theyare While furious blizzards over it blow; "Furniture is so cheap nowadays," came wholly absorbed in the new busi--

about cleaned out, as hundredsare Great, vessels, that steamed thro' the says one, "I would not think ot clut- ness of orange culture, a victim to the
waters clear, with lot of old orange craze, nothing else was thoughtof
missing Of course the owners Are frozen in ice floes ; ]lives that were tering up a room a .
are grieving over the loss, but others dear boxes." Ah but when the pocket- nothing else spoken of morning,

claim it a good thing, as an unusual Are lost in the .snows-where the trains book is in anything but a robust con: noon or night but oranges. Bushelsof

amount of potatoes will be plantedand have "pocl- dition, even the cheap furniture is not decaying oranges were ever at
the loss on hogs will be made up I And in icy graves lie the frozen dead. come at-a-ble, and is it not better to hand to utilize every spare moment in

to others, and save many a neighborhood Shall we now murmur, shall we complain, have a place for things than to leave getting out seed. The only reply to
quarrel.-Geneva item in Or- That our: years of labor have seem'd in them lying,about here and there? AndI the wife's kindly solicitations was
lando Reporter. vain? confess 1.. always had a fancy for a ranges," the only thought of absent
Our when the 1 land years- over < sea friends, "oranges.
Since the United States entomolo- nice, clean wooden box, with a little
Were lives, more worthy than you and
This lady made effort
gist has discovered that the white fly me, paint or paper; even an old and soiledone poor every
Gone down, to rise be transformed into something to rally In coming to Florida she
deposited its eggs only on the orange gone, never again, may
and jessamine leaf the city council Their work begun, their labor in vain ? ornamental. My feet now rest on one felt that the change from a good hometo
has cape ordered all' the, in What is! our work, but to do God's will, that has a cushion tacked on top so it the lowly cot was nothing, the trialsof
To learn to suffer and bo still ?
I yet trying to keep house under adverse
' town cut down. But this has 'so may be used as an ottoman, or foot
raised the ire of some of the ladies Then I said: to my soul: Your forces rest. A short curtain hangs all around circumstances" "with nothing to do
show. with division in the side with, faded into insignificance beside
that it is feared no officer can be found a it on open
Gather together for one last blow, the deeper trouble at hand, the loss of
of the box. Into this I can slip a
who is brave enough to undertake the
That shall sever forever duty and self,
her husband's loving sympathy. In
task. We think, however, if the And bury all thought of pride and pelf. pair of shoes, or sundry articles I do
the wearied with the laborsof
good ladies would pause and"consider, That shall put aside all but the Master's not wish to carry out of the room,thus evening,
the day and still occupied with
law- in work. get-
they would recognize that without the saving steps my
Citra would be little else thana Ho will not command to "make bricks When I ''went to housekeeping hereI ting out the seed, there was no time
oranges without straw ; needed bookcase and to speak of the dear friends in the old
and would a improvisedone
howling'wilderness And
,lot us remember-whate'er betides
home for consultation
F be willing to do anything that would Tho' He holds the rod 'tis His:; hand that of several boxes, large and small, or regardingthe
new situation. In the husband'smind
interfere in the ""slightest with our guides.:; which, though not exactly orna-
MINNIE GILMOUK MILLS. useful. there was apparently but one
leading industry.-Ocala Banner mental was very
Fob 12, ISO"). MINNIE G. :MILLS. thought-the profit to be derived
In answer to our query as to what from few
--- orange growing-in a years
degree the orange trees had been in. Talk ,on Every Day Topics-4. The Lord of Creation. he would gather untold wealth and

jured by the freeze of last week, the [Continued From Last Week.] For Our Rural Home: then he would, shower upon his wife

answer was that it was yet too early to It would be a good thing if girls "All the world's a garden sweet unnumbered blessings. Sad mistake !

offer decided opinions but, on one were taught how to handle carpenters'tools When there's lovo at home. ground lost in this direction can very

point the_ gentlemen were positive, ; very few can use even the com- For many generations :we have seldom be regained. To deprive the

that orange trees of large growth were mon implements, hammer and saw,- heard so much in regard to the dutyof loved' wife of the' daily crumb ot com-

not killed. They were inclined to yet there are such possibilities in a woman in the home, that much of fort and affection is like long fasting,

take a very favorable view of the sit- lot of nice ,boards and boxes, in the the good advice has become sterotyped that a feast may be had by and bye,

uation, and Prof. Swingle said that in way of tasty furniture,-if one did ; but lately the voice of society is be, sometime.

three years' time, no one would have not have to wait the will and leisureof ginning to proclaim that in the home The result will eventually be deathor

presented to them traces of the freezeof the carpenter, or the jcak-of-all. as elsewhere, there is'a "party of the disaster. As before intimated there

this year. He says that in two trades. first part" who is mainly responsiblefor has been so much good advice in the

years Florida will have a good crop of I know .one little girl (she is our the requisites_ of a happy home. past to wives and mothers. The husbands .

oranges, in three years an enormous same "Little Polly) ,"" by the way) who Whittier tells us that love is the sole and fathers will excuse me if I

crop, and even next year, Florida will could mend a fence as quickly) as her necessity of earth and heaven, and say here if you wish a permanent and

furnish enough of this fruit to give brothers, though such a thing was not while there are many noble men who happy home in Florida, commence by

the people of this country quite a required of her. But in the country admit this in the abstract, yet in the paying your wife extra attention. Always

;f taste. Prof. Swingle does not believe it is often} quite necessary, and a gill 1 hurry and worry of lite they forget the ask her'opinion whether guidedby

that Florida has ever had cold severe should know how to drive nails with. little things that make or mar the it or not, try and get her enthused

enough in duration to absolutely kill out mashing her fingers. happiness of life at home, and without with whatever interests you ; let her

orange trees, so that the roots are At the same time I believe that the which women fail to become the help you plan your business and tell

dead, exterminated. That in groves boys should be taught to sew on their grand inspiration, they should'be to her all particulars regarding it. When

where a tree is pointed out as dyingor buttons and put on a neat patch; to I all the household in the trials and you go to the Fruit Growers' Associ-

killed by the cold, that it is disease cook a plain meal and put it on the: I privations, incident to life in a new ation take your wife with you. When

and not the low temperature that hascaused table in respectable fashion. Not one country.To this is not practicable make up for it

the trouble,-Eustis Lake in twenty perhaps, would ever be required illustrate. About fifteen years by bringing her a root or slips of some

Region. to use his knowledge but many ago a lady with her husband came; to choice shrub to show her you were



is not necessary to get it very thick ;ja a H g An Immense stock of

When Chills very little thing will be sufficient W\ E H H if E HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenias,
protection. It will keep''the dust out W Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans,

You Fever of the pores also, and prevent all Magnolia Fuseata and thousands of other
desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write
Feel J flalaria roughness. The fuller and looser the for our prices.

Shaky May have chosen veil hangs the prettier it will be ; pleatup I'. J. JJEHCKMANSFR17ITLAND

you as a victim. about two inches, where you would NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgia.
You may ache allover fasten it to the front of your hat; pin .
:; feel tired and run down, j it on, and draw the ends loosely high
may have Indigestion, Constipation -
Trees !
'and Biliousness. Know that up at the back. The more upwardthe Orange

Wintersmith'sTonic lines sweep the more stylish will

has been be the effect.

Winter= used in Weakness Lemon Trees !

General As to the Laying: On of Paint, eto..
Smith's Debility, Indigestion and Preserving Little Delu-
B 11. sions.

Chill iotisness stipation,, with Con- Every man thanks a woman for The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries

great success making herself appear as well as may

TonicTones for 30 years. be, even by a little forcing of what >_____ t

Cures nature gave, but he cannot bear to see I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va
the wires working. A woman is as rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year bud, from five
You up.( Every type, pretty as she looks, as elever as she to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propone tll -ell ai -
form and
variety she hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange!
of Malaria seems, as accomplished as can
acts as a splendid Tonic, make ,herself out; but when she has Write for prices.
HI. pro'p.Veir.ldale.
Tones the and makes
System once'created in the masculine breast
\ Fla
you cheerful and certain delightful illusions, let her not
well. Sold by allDruggists.
The rudely dispel them. Almost better
foundation in fact. Flannel is valuable An Open Fire.
Medicine not have been artificial at all! no

of Known Wholesale, Agts, on the eyes, and then broke off the value except as it receives the light. house, and it is the delight of ettl! T t t''! c

Merit.. 5 p LOUISVILLE, KY. engagement because he discoveredthat And instead of advising it, these per- I head of the house or I die mall rmrs'ff(

the silken lashes he had raved sons forbit it, on the ground that the the family to sit before' it and watch

. about were painted with.. a preparationthat dye may irritate some tender skins. the flames play, don't let them do so

t thinking of her while away. In parting tasted like charcoal and bitter -*-< too long. The flashing flames are HS
To Whiten the Hands. but rough the
cinating they are on
.give her one kiss for !the absent: almonds. He did not state what
mother or sister so dear and one for flavor he expected, 'but ever since Coarse and red hands may be whit- eyes, and burn the sight so that manya
ened by using a few grains of chlorideof painful pair of eyes may be tracedto
yourself, don't forget that. When then he has been saying severe things
lime added to warm soft water for too earnest devotion to an open fire.
the fare,at home is scanty say "never about the way American women
mind, dear, we will have bread and "make up." I waste no sympathy on washing. All rings and bracelets Keep plenty of hand screens ready,

cheese and kisses." In everything a man who indulges ,in such an unprofitable must be removed before this is used, or else have long-handled 'paper fans
but would as the chloride of lime will tarnish hanging beside the fireplace.
pertaining to your home and heart let form of kissing, .
her see, and feel that she reigns queen. dwell on the fact that if the young them. A soap containing this ingredient -. --- .

Such a woman will help you make woman had received 'a Continental may be prepared as follows : r .
in the dark White powdered castile soap, i pound; 4
a home on any soil, in anyclime., training her lover's trust>
But what about the children ? We silken lashes would never have been dry chloride of lime, r,4 to 2 ouncts.Mix .
a're and beat this up in a mortar to a i. :
have all heard that children easily shaken!

satisfied ; where there is love and joy soft mass with a sufficient quantity of/ :r.IJ.\'t.\! "--4+"c. j.-..... '1 ;l J;S8SESS? $
from the mother's heart The trouble with American rectified spirit. Divide the mass into
bubbling up many IS IT AN INDIAN UPRISING ?
oil silk. It
is that practice little tablets and wrap it up I
that will be all to the children women not they
them be scented by adding to the mIxture Word comes from the Agencies that Chiefs
Perhaps some are,curious and would deceptions to render more may Jack Fross and Snn Drift are already on the
know the result of the case above charming, but that they practice the e a couple of drams of oil of ver- warpath, and III Watah soon to follow, all
tho settlers' fences
chloride of lime i bent on demolishing
cited. At first tiny plants appeared, inartistically, clumsily, and so defeat bena. In 1 using Nothing In tho shape of a wire fence can
is important to be careful' tfl a'( ,i< withstand their assaults,except one which i9.
that very
but, owing to the "varmints, the the very purpose they called The lngo. This is made of Coiled
green leaves were destroyed, the summer -' heart. They are lamentably careless, getting any of the powder into i Steel, wires and is so elastic that some claimit
and both in the of powder, eyes, as it is exceedingly irritating am "hoodos" its enemies. Tho settler who has
sun burned out very many, use rouge, this is perfectly safe.
only a few straggling plants remained. dyed or bleached hair, "dress inprov- may even cause blindness.Populn) : PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, Mieh.

The wife who had been so cruelly ers," and other purely material aids, Magazine.

deprived of the very bread of life-to and also in the exercise of the more -......
a,woman-began to pine; 'all her trou- difficult arts of dazzling oy superficial Dr. ,Price's Cream Baking Powder lie ra -

ble came from moving to Florida; cleverness, by make-believe accom- World's Fair Highest. .. Award. $,3 SHOEFIT THE FOR AKING.CORDOVAN BEST.( .
hope, heart and health even failed. plishments, by pretensions to knowledge $5. ,
To the husband came a reaction from etc. How unfortunate for a Iron rust is removed by salt'with iiffi FRENCH&ENAMELLED CAlf'I .

the "craze," and they left Florida in Titian beauty to mar her golden tres- lemon juice. -: '!{I,. }:i:.. 4*3.S0 FINE CALF&KANGAROOL[
"' ::
utter disgust, proclaiming everywherethat ses by allowing their black roots to Use a warm knife in cutting warm !1\i.\Iih\; \\ Si: $3.50 POllCE,3 SOLES.

all the stories about the value of grow out ungilded What a pity to bread and the' like. \ts' ,, ". $t')6o$2.WORKINGME.-S.
144 "' :;'.'': 'EXTRAFINE-: -
farce and let sallow neck spoil the effect of a ,; ; '
of an orange grove were a a ,\ :'
known. laid on And $100 Reward, $100. } : $P.I75BOYS'SCHOOLSHOELADIES) : ,
Florida the greatest humbug complexion carefully ,..,,}t .,
The reader of this will bo pleased\ -
paper "
No, no, gentlemen, that is not the how can a woman who has never is least dreaded! \ > < $ 79
there at Zsa$2.T1
to learn that :'::::;:::::;: .
way ,to begin life in our State or else- crossed the ocean risk herself in that disease that science has been cure : \ $3 'OEsT -oNGOl;1\.

where. The law of God changes not; dangerous claim to have learned her in all its stages, and that is Catarrh. '', \C.. \ ""SEND FOR CATALOGUEBKOCKTON..MAS5.
,to obey is to live. As Charles Dick French in Paris when she pronounceschic Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only positivecure _> ..". '...!O::'.. -""' "W.J-'COUGL..A.a"> .
of hen I known to the medical fraternity Over One Million People wear tho
'"Tis love 'tis if it was the offspring a
ens so beautifully says, as '
Catarrh being a constitutional disease, W. L. Douglas $3 & $4 Shoes
and travel. Let a
love, 'tis love that makes the worldgo So with reading constitutional treatment. Hall's
requires a
beware how she gushes over All our shoes are equally satisfactoryThey
round. woman Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting ,
best value for the
--e-I- Ibsen or the Milan Cathedral until directly on the blood and mucous surfaces' They equal give custom shoes in style money.and fit.

About Freckles. she has crammed up on them enoughto of tho system, thereby destroying the Thslr wearing qualities.are.. unsurpassed.The .
the prices are uniform, stumped on sole.
foundation of tho disease, and giving!
There is one thing; about freckles.. carry off the part! From $i to $3 saved over other makes.
....... patient strength by building up the con If your dealer cannot supply you we can.PURE .
Sun freckles are pretty, and wear oft! Flannel stitution and assisting nature in doingits n_____ r
soon. Wind freckles, that come in Red work. The proprietors have so much

March: are ugly and stick. A veil is 'rhe last idol to be broken is the faith in its curative powers that they ESSEX PIGS.
them. worship of red flannel. Those stern oiler One Hundred Dollars for'any casa I.
the protection against
only that the that it fails to cure. Send for list of tes Best for the South. Bred on the Florida bor
Don't wear it one day and leave it off iconoclasts, the scientists, say timonials. der. Address,
the next, but stick to it conscientiously I notion that there is any virtue in wear- Address E. J. CHENEY & CO.,
every day. Blue tissue is the very ing red flannel against the ,skin in Toledo, O. ROSELAND PLANTATION,

best, ancj most becoming, as well}, It i rheumatism and kindred ailments has WSoltl by Druggists, 7r>e. 11af"bridg, Ga,


n._. ____
-. .". -


TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION Make No Mistakes.In Do Varieties Run Out ? to produce two crops in a year, the
For One Year ...............................82.00 This is old that other seccond would be inferior in vi-
. For Six Months...... .................. ..... i.oo these critical times it is of the a question as as crop
In Foreign Countries ..... ................. 3.00 highest importance that both buyers one, Does wheat ever turn to chess? tality to the first. But the true secret
Subscriptions in all cases cash in and sellers of orange trees should examine There can be no doubt that they do in probably is that the second-crop tubers
advance. No discount allowed on one's before entering into some instances, or have a tendency in have less time in which to lose vitality
own subscription(except in a club), but to carefully from the effects of and
all agents a liberal cash commission will any transaction conveying this sort of that direction. It is impossible, for injurious light
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby property. It is unsafe for any one to instance, to grow a fleece of wool of heat. It is a fact that if potatoes in-
them. Write for terms. make a contract on the strength of the same density in Florida as in Ver- tended for seed are kept as cool and

To every new subscriber we will send, what his senses reveal to him when mont without having constant recur- dark as possible-so cool that no
postpaid, a of Whitner's "Garden- the Vermont stock whose will will
in copy" For two new sub- simply standing before a tree and examining eence to sprouts start-they yield
scribers ing at $2.00 each, we will send, it in the upper trunk and pelage nature makes dense for the pres- better crops than those which are per-
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange branches. Neither should any, tree ervation of the race in that rigorous mitted to lie around and become wilted.
climate.It This fact is demonstrated by the
Culture. be cut down on such testimony alone. prac- !
Rates of advertising on application. One must look down. seems impossible in the drier air tice of Mr. T. B. Terry, 'the best i I''
Remittances should be made by check, interior; island known specialist of the United !11
The twigs and larger branches of the to grow sea cot- potato
note. order or registered I may
postal money
letter to order of appear sound and green and yet near ton with a staple as long and fine as is States. ..I

FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER., Fla. the ground the bark may be fatally produced in the mellowing and nour- (.
Jacksonville \
frozen, discolored and sour and the ishing moisture of the ocean climate, The Cost of Greenbacks. '\'

tree practically already dead. No and in order to attain an approximation How much has it cost to keep green- :!
NOTICE false tenderness should thor- to it seed must be imported year-
prevent backs at a par with gold ? At first I
If receive of this ough examination; take a pocketknifeand ly into the interior. the impulse will be to answer "noth- r''
you a copy with the point dig out a patch of But in very many varieties this ten- "
which did not order ing, but a little examination will show
paper you bark as large as a dime near the dency to deterioration is mainly a re- that such an answer is incorrect. '
consider it an invitation to sub- sult of human indolence and shiftlessness
ribbon of
ground. Peel off a narrow
There are in round numbers $346,000,
scribe. If you do not want it, in the methods and be
it on an exposed rib of the trunk. But can over- 000 of greenbacks. In 1879, to bring
kindly hand it to a neighbor. even if discolored and sour there the come by thoroughness in culture and these greenbacks at a par with gold, I'

tree may be worth saving, (for there selection of seed. to make them as good as gold, these
CONTENTS. will be life in the valleys. The bark Mr. J. M. Smith, of Green Bay, promises of the government to pay, J f
may slough off the frost bitten ribs as Wisconsin, for twenty years propagatedthe I Secretary of the Treasury Sherman
CATCH Sweet CROPS Corn-, Tomatoes Peanuts,, Cassava.Egg Plants Melons, etc. 115 the pelage does from the wrinkles of a old Wilson strawberry almost exclusively borrowed $100,000,000'of gold to be J I:
GROVE AND ORCHARD-The Orange Noth- folded merino after and kept it to its original
ing; A Mind in Doubt ...... .... ... ... .. 116 heavily a severe a reserve fund with which to redeem
The San Jose Scale; The Golden Fruit.... 117 winter, and leave the trunk "cat-. standard by raising a special crop of greenbacks, thus making them inter-
FARMER AND TRUCKER- A PhilosophicalView faced but in a vigorous tree the life runners each year from beds which
; with and
; Mexican Clover for Poor Soils; changeable gold as "good as Ii
Grievances Against Railroads ... ........ 118 in the valleys will soon overgrow were not allowed to bear fruit. With gold," if anybody preferred gold coin !
POULTRY-Editorial ;Artifiicial Incubation. 119 his neighbors it had practically run out
solid .
these and make trunk.A
OUR RURAL HOME-After The Freeze;.Talk to these promises of the government.
On Every Day Topics The Lord of Cream will have long before because they forced their
lion................... ..;.. ........ ........ 120 large seedling frequently I Bonds were issued for this gold bear-
About Freckles ; As To The Laying Of several deep valleys in its trunk. After plants to do double duty. ing an average rate of interest of 3 J per ;

Paint Fire..,.etc.....;.Whiten........ The Hands. .....;..An... .Open. .121 the lines of demarcation are drawn An acquaintance of the writer in a cent., and the yearly interest on these
EDITORIAL-Make No Mistakes; Do VarietiesRun by the tree itself between dead and Northern State for years systematicallyraised bonds has been about $3,300,000, and
Out? The Cost of Greenbacks..122Markets live bark, let these' "catfaced"ridges his seed-corn in a small plat remote bonds retired interest
; Oranges California Fruits; Business before the are _the -
Notices....; ...................... .... 173Orange be shaven down a little with a draw- from his field-crop. In this way account will amount lo "$105,000,
Culture in Italy and America; Why
Is Oleomargarine Indigestible....'.....: 124 ing-knife and varnished to prevent rot he so improved the variety that it yielded 000. Last year $I 00,000,000 more of
An Apiarist's Visit to Florida..... ..' 125 and invasions on thin uplaads almost as much
the of( i ,
The Necessity of Composure; Slashing the I bonds were issued for the same pur-
Bark for Pear Blight ...;.......... .. .126 Where wide strips of bark are killedon grain per acre as the rich' river bottoms I I pose, replenishing the gold .reserve so
; -- ., a large tree it 'will be difficult to though,the growth fodder was as! to keep "greenbacks' good as

Weather in Jacksonville. make the live bark grow over them; much less. gold," bearing 3 per cent interest.
but if these naked dressedout A writer in Farm News on this sub
spots are These bonds run for ten and the
.. years
a :. ..;.. ".."; .=cd -..m...=..._- smooth and varnished thoroughlytwo ject holds a rather novel view: annual interest charge is $3,000,000,
DATE. i Po> N w a'dao for instance the old stand.
three times the ,
00 =a x I'i or a year tree may making in ten years $30,000,000.Thus .
Feb 12..-... ....51- -45 6z- 45- -17 54- -26 be preserved for a fruitful and vigorous ard variety, the Early Rose, which has it will be seen that the main-
Feb. ,13. ........30, 35 43 28 15 36. -0Feb. existence of many years. been catalogued for a number of years tainance of these promises to pay and
Feb. 14.15. ........ 28 46 37 42 42 49 31 25 17 18 40 34 1.69 T. Unless the owner is prepared to be by our seedsmen, and no variety of the making of them as "good as gold,"

Feb.Feb. 16............... 36 38 40 34 6 37 .05 very watchful and thorough in keepingthe early potatoes has been known by the and the satisfying of the people that
Feb. 18.17 ..... ....34. 38 52 44. 49 58 35 32 23 17 40 46 0 0 exposed strips of wood varnished, public so long as the Rose. This, some they are good and safe promises to
- '- he had better cut the tree off at the writers say, has run out. I do not agree which is
Mean ...... .38 42 49 33 16 41 .200 pay, costs $135,000,000, nota
Total rainfall. T. Trace.E. ground and-let it begin life over again.If with these writers in all respects. I small sum by any means While the
R. DEMAIN, Observer. rot once gets started in a trunk it have been growing two crops the same credit of the government is good, and
will bore rapidly into the heart and year of this old variety, as well as others all believe that its promises to pay are

The eleventh annual session of the through it, and the tree will be noth- and I find instead of degenerating, good and will be carried out, there is
ing but a shell. It under good they improve. I do say the Earl} Rose limit
Florida Chautauqua will be held in its may, a to the ability of a governmentto
beautiful home at DeFuniak Springs, fertilization, be vigorous for awhile, with my mode of culture are as good float its unsecured promises to pay,

Fla., February 21st to March 20th. but it has no future, and. it is an eye- and true in every respect as they were just as in the case of an individual, and

The charming lake, the stately pines, ': sore in the grove. when first introduced. when the government transacts a bank
the elegant hotels, and the rich pro. Shellac dissolved in alcohol makes a "Many of the seedsmen will say that ing business and issues promissorynotes

gram all conspire to make this the I good varnish (for this purpose. As soonas the Early ,Rose has greatly deteriorated its citizens demand a' backing
ideal winter resort. the exposed wood is fairly dry, let it ; I will pay.$5 for one peck of any for these notes just as they do in the

be scraped smooth and varnished at early potatoes, old or new variety, that case of any other bank issuing circula-
once, or else it will "season crack," and will yield a larger crop than new blood tion. This backing is the gold reserve -

At a meeting of the board of direc- the rain will gain admittance and the ; second crop Early Rose, considering and until the greenbacks are retired -
mischief will be done. It is of the quality and quantity. Potatoes in sections
tors of Stetson University, Dr. Forbes' great. the gold reserve will have to be
annual report showed, among other est importance to keep the wood sound where only one crop can be maintained. The cost already in

things, that the receipts and disburse- and (free from cracks until the bark can grown will retrograde a little each maintaining it is $135,000,000,. and

ments for the year amounted to $62- grow 'over it. An orange tree with a year, and the man who continues to from present indications may be in-

280.68. The improvements to Chan- rotten core is a poor piece of property. use such seed will find, in the courseof creased $30,000,000 more, for it seems

doin and Stetson halls cost $26,775.41.At .- a few years, that he can only real- almost certain that there will be

present 210 students are in attend. Our vegetable growers have not been ize about half the quantity, with the another bond issue soon. Instead of

ance ; 252 have registered to date, as I I interrupted in their shipments, and the quality greatly deteriorated. The same costing nothing the greenbacks have

against a total registration last year of tomatoes and egg plants are unusuallyfine. is true with the man who insists" upon proven quite expensive promises to

232. The prospects of the school are Letters are coming to us from using small potatoes for seed. pay.-New York Tribune.

very bright and promising, and the all sections. The fact that we escaped The idea here seems to be that the -... .- ---
directors expressed themselves as'' injury from cold has given BiscayneBay second crop is better for seed than the There are over 800 guests at the

highly gratified and astonished that so a new era, and pineapple land- first-a statement that has (frequentlybeen Royal Poinciana on Lake Worth, and
few scholars have left school since the are being looked up-Titusville Ads made of late. One would natu- the hotel help had to be lodged on a

freeze. vocate. rally think that, where a plant is forced boat.




I fruit was generally very poor. Marketwas P CAN TRE]: S.
itronger on lemons and easier on or-
: anges. Also 300 cases Valencia orangesex.

"'- .... Ss. Mississippi; all 420s, 2.75 to 3.25. RIBERA PECAN GROVE AND PECAN NURSERY
Also 40 cases Valencia oranges ex. Ss. ,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Feb. 22. Paris prices 2.62.

FRUITS AND PRODUCE. Boston, Feb., 12.-H.Harris & Co., sold SANTA ROSA COUNTY, FLORIDA.

f Corrected by Marx Bros. -Messina lemons, ]1.62 to 3.25 per box.
These are average quotations. Extra choice Palermo lemons 1.70 to 3.65 per box.
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor One year old pecan trees from paper-shell nuts average 6 to 28 inches high at 3 cents per
lots sell lower. Messina oranges 1.20 to 2.37J. Palermo tree; $25 per thousand, carefully packed and shipped as directed transit charges to be paid by
Oranges, frosted, box.. ..... ....... ... .IS to .50 oranges 1.12J! to 2.55 per box purchaser on receipt. Money order on Bagdad Postoffice .
Grapefruit....... ............ ..,...... .3.50104.00 Snow & Co., sold Tuesday, Feb., 12.-
Lemons Messina.....-.............--.- 3.25
Pineapples, crate,. ..... .........- ... 4-oo 420s regular 2.95 to 3.55. 420s large 4.40 ARTHUR BROWN,
Limes,3-peck crates .. .............. 1.00 i to 5.10 per case. 714s large 3.30 to 3.95
Cocoanuts... ... .... .... ..... 3-55 per case. Florida oranges 2.95 to 4.30 P, O. Box No. 4, Bagdad FloridaDA'vIDSON ,
Peanuts best brand...... .... .... ..... .04 to.05
Imported cabbage,each... ........... .13 per box.
apples, bbl..............,. .. 5.50 Ss CO.,
beets bbl.... ............ .. 2.50 New York Vegetable Markets.
Potatoes, bbl. Burbanks. .... ......... 2.60 Potatoes.
Early Rose, N. Y.seed..... 2.75 I Imports for the week: Great Britain
S Hebron seed................. 2.75 9878 bags; Continent 500 bags Bermuda
Peerless. ... ... .... ......... 2.75 ; HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS.
Chili Red ....... ......... 2 75 -- bbls; Havana 413 bbls.
Onions bbl....... ..... ..... ...,.. 3.25 The ,severe cold weather and. heavy ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYjVEGETABLES; OF ALL KINDSNo.
Eggs.........._:................ ...... .23 snow storms throughout the country last .
20 West Frout Street, Cincinnati Ohio.
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. week have prevented shipments of pota-
i toes and the market is firm and de- '
''y Corrected by Davis & Robinson. very ESTABLISHED 1869.

'' Yellow Yams bush ........ .......... .50 cidedly higher under an active demand,
Sweet Potatoes .". ...... ....... .50 with fancy stock generally held above 166 READEST
... ... ... ...... ,
Hubbard squasibl. 2.75 quotations, but as soon as shipments be- PALMER & FROST NEW
Lettuce doz.... ....................... .40 YORK.
Celery.... ............. ........... .. .50 come regular the advance will probablynot ,
; EggPlants, bbl............ .......... 6.00 be sustained. The arrivals from Eu- (Successors to G. S. PALMER and PALMER, RIVENBURQ & Co.)
Tomatoes crates..... ......-........ 3 oo rope have been larger, and stock sold
Sweet Pepper, bu none 3.00
Okra, bu, none. ... .. .. ....... ....... promptly 2.00 to 2.10and 2.15some being PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Green Beans, crate none. .... ... .... in poor order.The few Havana arriving
Y Peas none....... ........ ....... meet a moderate demand at barely steady
Turnips bunch....................... .06 Southern Fruits and a
Bermuda nominal Vegetables
the bar- -
Cucumbers;'crate..................... 7.00 prices. ; 907 -
Pumpkins, each................. ..... .05to .15 rels in at the close last week could not be I
Kersnaws, each..... ..... ......... .10to .15 unloaded owing to the storm and bitter Specialty.Remember .
Parsley per daz. bunches........... .50 oold weather and the took them Thus entrust to ,
steamer we never buy a package. any shipments you our care never come
Carrots Green onions,Fla., per per doz.doz.bunches.bunches..20 25 to to .30.35 back to Bermuda again to be brought in competition with bought goods. Account sales made day of sale.

Pepper hot bushel, none............ 1.50 to 2.00 here on her next trip. Sweet potatoes in REFERENCES: See our quotations by wire in this paper.
Sage, well cured Ib..................... .to to. 15 light supply and firm for choice. Chatham Nat. Bank, N. Y. Mercantile Agencies. Write for Stencils.
shelled ....... .
Lima Beans, ,qt none
Hens...... .. --...... ............... ..... .35 Havana, prime, 5.50 to 6.00; Bermuda 1 Members National T.eaJrueoCommission Merchants, to which irresponsible house can belong.
Roosters.... ...............*........ .25 to .30 6.00 to 6.50; Jersey, 1.87 to 2.12; poor to r3fTTt.! Broilers.... ............................ .18 to .25 good, 1.50 to 1.75 Sweets Vineland fair
; ,
...... .
Turkeys per pound gross. ? .13
Ducks.-.. .......... .30 to 40 to fancy, 1.75 to 2.75. 'Somers ;Brother & Co.Fruits ESTABLISHED_
G ee se.................................. .50 Vegetables. 1876.
Quail, doz..... .... ................. T.2O ,
Wild ducks doz .'O........................ i.ooto2.oo Imports for the week Havana 2,769
,Wild turkeys, each..................... i.ooto 1.50 crates onions and 3,351 crates other'veg- Commission and Produce.
Cauliflower doz,...... ...... ..... .... 2.50103.00 etables. Bermuda crates onions and Merchants.

other vegetables.
Mercantile and 1 the business of Western
Refer to Banks Agencies community Pennsylvania.
Oranges. Choice onions are in light supply and Market Reports, special references to regular shippers, shipping stencils, stamps, etc., furnished
very firm with prices higher, and some free on.application. 'iNoii" U"O A'", -> .t1RRF.SPANnrnrnc'pMVprrn: '
Sgobel & Day'say : The market here fancy red and yellow are held above too 1

this week has been in an unsatisfactory quotations.. White and high.
scarce When opened up the cauliflower was in SUFFERERS FROM COUGHS,SORE THROAT,
condition notwithstanding the higher Havana have arrived freely and have splendid condition, only a few crates near I etc., should be constantly supplied; with
'temperature. The Valencia fruit generally found a good outlet at steady prices. .
one of the doors being touched by frost. "Brown's Bronchial Troches.1"
has landed in good condition and we Bermuda scarce and nominal. Other I We consider this a remarkable record.

think warranted higher prices than those Havana and Bermuda vegetables have i We opened up another car yesterday that
that have been obtained say 3, 3.25, 3.50, been in moderate demand but fairly
i had come through the entire blizzard, Bradley Redfleld. Eugene D. Redfltld.
especially in proportion to the prices paid steady in price. Cabbage in light supplyand i and not a crate injured. The latter was

'for Sicily oranges although at yesterday'ssale firm at the advance quoted. Celery one of a new series. It surely justifiesthe ESTABLISHED 1871.
ex 'Bolivia" market: on this latter scarce and firm under an active demand. reputation which this car bears for
fruit,, somewhat lower. It is REDFIELD & SON
was strange Key West tomatoes have been mostly preserving perishable products under ex- ,
that with no receipts of Florida oranges poor and uncertain in value. traordinary weather conditions.

(and at this time last season some 60,000boxes Beets, Bermuda, per crate 1.75 to 2.00. Merchants
were arriving here weekly) the Cabbage, domestic, per 100 3.00 to 7.00;

Atlantic coast markets are not strongeron imported, per 100 6.00 to 10.00. Celery, Business Notices.

this Valencia fruit. True the weatherin Mich fancy large, per doz. roots 75o to I WILSON & TOOMER.-Note the new ad- AND -
the interior is very cold and some 1.00. Okra, Havana, per carrier 3.50 to vertisement of this firm. They are always -

transportation lines are still refusing to 400. Onions, white, per bbl 4.00 to 9.00. ready to meet the emergencies of

accept fruit for the West but there are Havana, per crate 2.00; Bermuda, per the times, and they now offer the crip- Fruit Auctioneers

enough people this side of Chicago it crate 1.75 to 2.00. Peppers, Havana, per pled grower lines of goods adapted to his ,

seems to take the moderate quantity of carrier 2.00 to 2.25. Tomatoes, Key necessities in price and quality.
arriving both Valencias and Sic- 1.00 3.00 Havana 141 :Dock Street, Philadelphia, ]'4.
oranges West, per crate to ; per THE PAINE FERTILIZER Co. are offering
ilies and pay better prices than those crate 2.00 to 3.00. Bright C. S. Meal at the lowest figures it
now ruling. For next week 4,400 cases has reached and they that they We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
are coining from Liverpool and direct California Fruits. over say either at private. sale.. (which.. has heretofore. been
are letting other agricultural chemicals our custom) or by the auction system (recentlyadded
"Alsatia" will doubtless bo here
steamer The Early Fruit Company says : Our take a tumble for a while. Now is an opportunity (to our business) aa you may desire.
.with 4,300 while some other parcels may advices from California early in the past to buy fertilizers at low prices

'R I come from Glasgow and London still I week were that it was raining, and to ac- they have about two cargoes.If .
they do not equal one week's receipts' cept orders only for such stock as we had wish valuable information about
from Florida. It certainly shows what a in our packing houses, Fortunately our growing fancy fruit and vegetables for $'

favorite the orange that comes from Flor- people in California had a largo quantityof large profits you should write to them Produce Sold

ida is and what a hold it has on the pea freshly picked fruit under cover, and (See their ad on back cover.)
ple of this country. The California or- we shall experience no delay in filling or- t I Quick .1H11'nitl for quick,la the e'nyour ship
good this and we understand THE CUERH,1"-PI.UM.-The advertise- IKTS' of Fruits and Vegetables] like It; auaour40years'
are in and
very T latter freely
anges year ders. e are coming experience w'itlioutdvIaultlugt t : i
ment of this new fruit is well worth at-
some full sales have been madein justify our advices earlier in the season dollar Is ,guaranty both of ability and !stabll:
this the enterprising tention. It is frost-proof and is really an ity. Any bank < r nuTchant) using mercantile
city by represen- that there would be no necessity for put-
acquisition to the household supplies of I reports can tell our staudlll,:'.
tative of the Southern California Fruit ting out California oranges otherwise i As we never buy, wo never hay goods of
Exchanges.; of :Florida. We have several times made our own for the b8t ]leaving that o.growers .
than sale f. b. at points shipmentThis prices
by o.
mention of the fruit as being of an excel- ( for second l' \Ye want more
office yesterday took orders for six .consignments! for increasing trade. AFTEIt: '
Auction Sales. carloads of Sunflower brand lent quality for cooking. It will do a IINQUIUINU AM TO ouii STANDING
our fancy good deal towards helping to fill a wide I TRY US. A TRIAL WILT COST YOU'NOTHING
New York, Feb. 15.Brown & Sec- Washington navels. We had a telegram in the deciduous fruit list of this AND YOU WAY LIKE oui.
gap I METHODS Dl ST.LlttN'S .
lemons 2.20 to that the weather was
cond sold-Fancy 360s yesterday saying State. answered promptly. Stencils ana
2.50; choice 1.83 to 2.15; good 1.75 to 1.80 again fine.California. 'cards free. Bend your uamo for our llttlI .
and fancy 1.25 to 1.70. Fancy 360s, 1.70to cauliflower is arriving in 4 I book about marketing Fruit and Vegetables,

1.80; choice 1.50 to 1.60; good 1.35 to good shape and selling freely. We had a Mr. Stanley of New York, is going French &

1.45; and fair 1.20 to 130. Oranges 160s 0. F. X. refrigerator car lying in Jersey right on to increase his pineapple Co.r

t>.35 to 2.45; 200s 1.45 to 2.20; SOOa 1.25 to City unopened for a whole week duringthe plantations at Jensen to fortythreeacres. 4 116 Warren St., Hew> York.
1,65 Sorrento recent blizzard, with the thermometer -
1:80: ; 3GOs 1.30 to ; oranges ,
: 85c to 1.85 fair to poor The Palermo several nights at and below zero, .. ,





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i I II
I r rI

I .1 Orange Culture in Italy and wwwwwwvwvVwWyWwVVvwvwv


f :': I:Mr. H. J. Rudisill writing in the \ you plant Gregory'" SertK These Seeds, famous through many yearn, L I
have turned( the title of succow toward Kreat/ many nowers. PerLujwtbey
: ;; Rural Californian, says : are nil that you lack. The whole story about I

"In 1890, the number of bearing ';{:" J j' :: GREGORY'S SEEDS
I :; orange trees tn Italy was reported as 'f \31111J
and the entire shipment ".: +w'i.: .,rol.. Is tolliln) (1rrior)" "4 <(<'tnluClw: (ot' ISS-a! hook that helliysolve all
I .a 4 5,400,000, I 01 I. the )ro"J"IIlit'! lit' )planlit! : fiN!! you right when In Iunlit: IIVf's In detail i(
: i of fruit to all countries from these ', '. :',,': the belt! farrnill/.C/ kllnw'd\lC') \ right III' to date. It's/rrf' Ask for it. .
,. II. 'I ."u J. ,J. H. (RltlUOItY ,t> MIN, deed ( rowcl'8, Jnrhlchend, i lnH4.!
1 I', groves in 1891amounted to Lt-,300,000}

I t; boxes of 175 oranges per box.rFhe .-
------------ -- ----- -- --
reports of the Consuls of the United
300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh Year. i I
'' States. from those orange growing districts

gives the average annual crop JEoI4 Jf.4 .I.'IES : Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive :

from full bearing tree at to 1000
a 700 CTEG&I 1 1 'T" 83 CT Spec'ally adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries. 1 OtJTE:
specimens of merchantable fruit. At I T I iU> E w Peach Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,
of to the Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat, etc" etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camel BETWEEN
an average 850 specimens lias.Azaleas, 50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses. The FLORIDA
tree, it will be seen that the crop Green House department is complete in plants:: of every class suited to Southern Horticulture Cat- POINTS AND THE NORTH ,
alogues free. Address p. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga. THE I
J amounts annually to some 26,000,000
No Agents.
boxes and that a little over one- ._, Florida Central and Peninsular
I only --- -- -- --- -- -- - -- ----- -----

I! i half of it is exported, while the balance NEW THROUGH ROUTES. ,'

; must be used in the home mar- Complete Fertilizersfor New York] to Jacksonville by ,
i : kets and 'in the various manufactured New Florida Pennsylvania 11. 1J. to Washington '

t products of, the fruit." potatoes., fruits, and all vegetables require (to secure the largest yield and best::; quality: and 1 Columbia, Southern, Florida Hallway Central toNorthern &

: t f This is about five boxes to the tree At Least io/ Actual Potash.Results Air Line.Cincinnati J Peninsular points in all principal

t i"pk for the total crop, and three boxes to of experiments prove this conclusively. -Iow and why, are told in our pamphlets. Cincinnati to Jacksonville by 1

::1'k f the tree exported. Estimating that They arc sent: free. It will cost you nothing to read I them, and they will save you, and Queen, Southern& Crescent K'y to to Chattanooga Ever--

i ; Florida has (or lately had) 10,000,000 dollars. GERMAN KAI.I WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York Florida}etto, Florida Central& Peninsular t
: j trees of which one-third may be Limited.Kansas to all important Florida
-- --- ----------- --- -------- ------ points.

; B assumed to be in bearing, her output .. City Kansas City, Fort Scott &
should be about boxes instead and Memphis 11. Kansas i
9,000,000 S' lA I 1 to Birmingham, Southern ll'y
Jackso'villeThro ''
of the 5oooooo; shipped last JiOAfft HardwoodASHE'S' Line to Everette, Fla. Central & I

: year. Mr. Rudisill! figures on the tL&i84& Peninsular Louis to to Jacksonville-all Fla. ;

: same percentage of home consump 1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
, tion as in Italy which is manifestly natural fertilizer for Orange Groves: also for Berries Vegetables. Gathered with Holly Sp'gs Central to Holly Sp'gs,
our teams in Canada and shipped in carload direct (to Florida in bags or barrels. Itoute. City, Memphis & Birmingham -

Florida erroneous is insignificant since the population compared to of Writ fim)('othpr' ,drHUNROEf, LALOR & CO. ,50 Arcade. Block, OSW EGO, H.YJ J K'y to Everette to Ditminghara and Ii'. C., &Sou.P. .

, ya grraggs j ig ivagsjBij Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -
.' that of ,. Ill. Cent. to f
Italy. --- -- -- Holly
:Mr. Rudisill further shows that the Holly Il ulel) >,s} Sp'gs, I IC., C. M. & B. to Birmingham -
N I In" IM''rIG'' IG aIIdIL IY"" L P"d1011n11141IIIIIdPN IIINP9uuT MPIiIItII tlIlliiI Innhii nunn Son. K'y to Ever-
seven counties comprising the orange ette and the F. C.'& P. '

section of Southern California havingover Louis'illo & Nash'illo to IUvor
New. Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only J
5,500,000 trees planted, of which To -}route with through sleepers
Jnck ;n'vnlo between New Orleans and I
one-third in should
are bearing, now Jacksonville.

p be shipping, on the Italian basis, about The F. C. & p. has 700 miles of track in j I

J 4 16,000 carloads instead of the 6,000, '' i Florida Tobacco running Jteaions through, the !

," or 7,000 carloads at which the present Stock Farming and Dairy Section, .
Pencil and Strawberry J and.*,
crop is estimated.It Orange, Banana fUHl Pineapple Country. ,
appears then, after all, that the Phosphate llelt. ,,
Jlait thu Silver Sprintand
Italians can teach us some things in '\! Other fine Scenery
The Great Hunting Country. I
culture. \
orange r et Reaches the Noted Flailing flromtilti. 1 1
Has the best lands for
tillago, greatest variety ;
Why Is Oleomargarine Indigestible of soils in the State, and above all j
.. -. I :"-
? ': 11i- lf/G.:1 Runs over the Central Rldgreland i
; '
r'///..% '
J .rl Where It Is and
It is a favorite saying with the ad- Y M,' r:, y iuu61'hww' qp. l.Ad"'ualf t9nw": M'1', f, ,wiMlknl, T G -- 1 art-s,q Prosperous towns High flu its route and it offers
y.wyrvwaYnnllmiwwuwwunuYmw '
iia ry tlYl' C
i lo I C I' Lh" h
vocates of oleomargarine Hoard's I? I W I I- WI Iw"m w.wuwuyl wuwnwnuw um./wwiuuiww.Nl Mx.l.r i nlII Py the best freight facilities for any produce to
says the Northern markets. Send for the popular
Dairyman, that it is just as digestibleand I INlallmmmmwwuuwnmuun / ., P41pUY! IMF ,7 Y::: ll' .. ; song
IIt r .14I I .." NYYIIM YIYnW 'A ti 's i. Mny I '
w "
i.-------.t '"n lh C m.wll jir. ... wI wmn. / : Y- Y M'V' FLORIDA HOME. "
This is '
wholesome butter. .r '
as not tVr J L; Yl uwq't tlilii Ylwpl;ri lu ''ra.r/Y'IWI I / :'a a -
with Its spirited words and beautiful music
true and in the nature of things cannot -
descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
be true. First as to its digestibility. which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pagesof
full sized best music
Butter melts in the human stom I, The Most Modern Method understanding of its mechanism can be gained picture of a home in Florida paper, containing and a hunting alsoa
ironi the above illustration.
scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in
ach at 86.6: to 94 49 degrees, and If you would rather be a stragg er than successful Usually from 90 to too per cent, of the fertile stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)
passes readily into pancreatic emulsionand hi the poultry business you have probably no eggs are hatched with the Victor.interest Send also for the best map of Florida (sen
in the Krtel; Improved Incubator or free) and note the towns its route.A.O.MAODONELLG.P.
As will be thisis Not only have the Geo. I-riel Co. provided for on
digestion. seen Hi coder.
A i
: the hatching chicks but for their subs quent ,
at a point below the natural heat of The Victor Incubator has a great many points coddling Their Improved Victor Brooder is as Jacksonville, Fla. ,
in its favor that when mentioned can readily be excellent for its purpose a-* the Victor Incubator. I
the human body. There is no gastric appr' :chted. It* tank, heater, and Hues!' are allot A complete and interesting ca alogue of both The Fla Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
or nervous' strain to expel it copper Its woodwork IS handsome, and products will be sent free upon application I
strong. It is absolutely I self regulating: A good Gto. lirtel Co., Quincy, III.
from the stomach, for it is a substance : ,_ .. ----- Offers to ShippersThe

designed by nature for food in its own highly conducive to digestion. Oleo- Poultry That Pays. Shortest and Quickest Route ,

unchanged condition. Oleomargarinemelts margarine is composed of stearine and BETWEEN

at 105 to 108.32 degrees. The palmatine mainly and in a condition \Ve have just; received a hondhonui::; cat] FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

heat of the human body is not suffi- unfit for digestion. It is rendered at a uloguo of fowls, issued tells by Bowers &; Dun, THE EAST AND WEST.
Dakota, 111. It not only how to buy
cient to emulsify it and it remains a low temperature not above 120 degrees mid With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com
chickens but how to keep feed themin is better equipped than over over to
t, dead, inert substance, and causes severe I Fahrenheit, and any man oughtto order to get the best results Messrs. handle tho Orange and Vegetable Crops, and

r nervous tension and a forced gas- know that this is not enough to de. Bowers!:! & Barr staml in tho front rank of to insure all Eastern close connections and Western and Markets.prompt: despatch

', tric action to expel it from the stom', stroy any germs of,disease or' infection Western poultry men. For years they) Through cars to destination without
have been )known breeders of
as ))
ach. This fact alone will show that: which pri/e- change or delay.
quite naturally might come to it, winning poultry. At tho Northern Illinois Perishable freight followed by wire and
it is not as digestible as butter, besides from its slaughter house surroundings.We Poultry Show held at Lanark, Illinois shippers advised time passing various Junction -

it is not as wholesome. admonish people to cook their :, they exhibited sixty birds scoring All points claims and for arrival overcharges at destination.and loss promptly

Invariably butter advertises its own ham and pork most thoroughly to ninety to ninety-six and a half points. adjusted.
Considering the quality of their stock See that your goods are markedvia
condition. No man or woman need' avoid the danger of trichina and other
: their prices are very reasouablu.Vo: ::; advise F. C&PRR. ,
: be deceived thereby. Any admixture'of diseases. Such cooking subjects the our readers: to write to them For information call on'or address tho undersigned I

deleterious elements is told at once meat from 212 to 350 degrees of heat ; :
C. E. YJ.OH.1'mv.. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
in a loss of flavor. It is composed of, yet we are told that oleomargarine is W. n. TUCKER, den. A'g't, Orlando, Fla.
what known as the basic fats wholesome coming from the same der- C I'1'1ti1STR1IS-nine; stock; none better; low (1. M. H OLDEN, Trav. A'gt, Leesburg Fla.
are' ''
prices, square treatment No "back W. 11. FULLER, Trav. A'g't,
I stearine, oleine, palmatine, and a number }. ivation and rendered at a temperature uunibeis" offered. Write for prices. Thirteen Or N. S. ENNINGTON, Traffic Manager,
'r years experience. Phoenix Nurseries, Ilraiden- Jacksonville, Fla,
It of other delicate flavoring oils, all that little more than warms town, Jfla; ii 3-ib W, II. PLEASANTS, General Freight A*


.t t"d

\l._-_ -' ___ _. __'_"__ ____m.._ __ ----.


I II 125.

I FftUlT-CfflOWlttt. .
1 ____... .- -
f r

An Apiarist's Visit To Florida. away for the winter he can come down '1 HE

Mr. A. I. Root continues his notes here and have lots of fun, and, may-

of travel in his journal, Gleanings In be, do some good by following his FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA
chosen pursuit all winter long. The ,

Bee Culture RAILROADS: AND WAITERS.It principal drawback is the expense of :YA.CIicOi'vIrh+.

so long a trip; and I hereby petitionthe The Oldest National Bank in the State.

is so common to hear complaintsin railroad companies to make a low. .
This Bank after twenty years of successful business has just undergone a rigid special examination !
.regard to our railroad companiesthat rate round-trip ticket especially for by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended. for another
it sound a little odd to say a in December period of twenty years
may bee-keepers to come down, say for ,
By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation solidity
word in their favor. So far in our experience and go back about the first of strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
however we, have met noth- invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations!', assuring you that your
April. favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.

ing but the kindest courtesy. My NO GARDENING. JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
wheel was laid down here in Jackson- There is no gardening going on President. Cashier.

ville without a bit of expense. Of here in fact have Rent.
and around ; we seen Safe Deposit Boxes For

course, we checked it as baggage, nothing I could call gardening as yet -----_._--

our luggage was laid down at our in FlorIda-hardly so much as a bed JOHN L. MARVIN,

rooms at a very trifling and expense.exceedingly Port- of onions, lettuce or radishes ; neitheris T. BAYA,President.H. THOS. W; CONRAD,

ers were gentlemanly anybody planting potatoes; notwith- Cashier. Assistant.Cashier.
obliging. I met one of them on the standing the fact that Irish potatoes CRPlTflll $1OOOOO.JACKSONVILLE ,
after I had been
streets of Jacksonville from the North bring or
shipped 40 '
here a day or two, and I was really 50 cents a peck I neither does anyone THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK
with him
glad to shake hands even keep a cow and pig, as we people do ,

he is colored. By the way, I have up North, and yet milk is 10 cents a ,. FLORIDA,
heard speak of
exorbitant charges of the waiters quart ; eggs, 25 to 35 cents a dozen,' t espeetfol1y solicits you Deposits, Collections and Geneva!
I have
and other things accordingly.
here in Florida. So far we have seen Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
several l times suggested having pota- ,
nothing of the kind, but quite the con-
direct from -
toss shipped expert growers : INVITED.
trary ;' and I have been wondering here
up North ; but people mostly -
that education is begin- DIR G TOR s
it is not true
time and it
a peck or so at a ; '
ning to tell on these people. I have I I John L., Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
their and takes so many middlemen to geta I II I H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
been studying them, ways carload of potatoes into the hands of Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson,

habits, very intently since we came the consumer that the expense would Or' H. Robinson. John R'. Hartrldffe.

here, and 1 think .I can say this': the difference between
bridge over
They not only seem to be good- cents bushel and .50 cents a peck SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
and full of
natured, cheerful, hopeful, Notwithstanding, I am sure there is

spirits, but they are, as a. rule, in an opening here, for both sweet 01 I L Oi IDA,
dustrious working people. Quite a
and Irish potatoes are on the table at .JACKSONVILLE.
little excitement has been occasioned meal and I for one
every $50,000
advent of the Da- ;
among.them by should like the fun of selling milk at

homeyrillage that appeared at the 10 cents a quart. If I couldn't get If. UOI'.TNSOX, l>r<; l ,. "sY..T. IIAUKISHKIMKlt: Vli-o-l'res.
World's Fair. They have a tent here, furnish \\'lJ.A'\" INSON, CaFlhhn',
alfalfa or some other plant to
and have a street parade during the
cow-feed would. be funny. I asked
day. The enthusiasm among of the milk as he was goinghis
one men,
is almost P. K. McMURRAY,
here in Jacksonville ROBINSON, T. IIILDEBRANDT\
own rounds, what they fed their cows W., J..IIARKISIU;Il\IHR, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT, '
wild. A circus or show entirelyin down South. He looked at me (for a J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN.Collections .

the hands of full-blooded Africans I points of Florida,and Remitted for on-day of-Pay
moment, ;just! ,as if he thought .was a : made on all
from their own country is to them an meddlesome, no-account Yankee;''buthe ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on

} event unprecedented. These native finally answered in a sort of surly .Sa--vlngs.---.
----------- -
health --
Africans are models of physical I way, as he turned, his back to'me,

1 and development. There seems to be "Cotton-seed meal and'bran." Now: FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE
line drawn between the
a pretty sharp look here ; why can't somebody get ,
the whites in this
colored people and .
j; that cheap wheat and corn that comes :

; city. Where they do business back from Missouri for '35 cents a bushel, An Incorporated Homo Association. of AUTHORIZED Orange Growers for marketing 300000..Florida Fruit; to the

and forth, each race seems to keep I know, down here, and convert it BOX MATERIAL best-The Exchange- is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
within certain limits ; and I am told order Write for price list and terms.
? Why,
into milk at 10 cents quart
and amalgamation is -:OFFICERS :-
intermarrying there is a gola mine in the specula GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. I). GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
comparatively rare. ALBERT M. 1VKS,GenU Mgr and Troas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
to the different tion. You see, you don't have to lay DIRECTORS-Goo. it. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
When I explained deal of in frost- Hlllaboro Co.: John Fnbyun Lake Co.; Hy Crutchor, Orange Co.; D. Greenlcaf, Duval Co.;
railroad officers here where I wantedto out a great money J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brad ', Brevard Co.; F." G. Sampson Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyor,
I wantedto proof stables. Mr.[ Brown said a wire Marion Co.; John M. Bl'yan.Os'oola Co.; W. E. Stanton Putnam Co.;. M. S. Moreman St.
,. and told them volusia Co. Irving Keck Polk Co.
go and Johns Co.; C. Ii' A. Biolby ;
do they were more obliging than I fence around the outside cotton Addrossall! correspondence to the Florida l Fruit Exchange Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils,
and not' cloth for a tent-like cover over the top with full packing and snipping Instructions.furnished on application.
had reason to expect;
any would be all the stable the cows would
full di-
of me
only in the way giving
: rections and assistance, but in making need JOHN CLARK, SON'' & CD. ,
j I I very reasonable charges. We find here these same artesian
1 I IN SAN) MATEO. Commission Merchants
This morning we are at A. F. wells that are such a providence to all Grocers and ,.

Brown's beautiful ranch. The most of Florida. By putting down a pipe

. conspicuous object on the grounds is only about 80 ft., enough water pours DEALERS;

the magnificent great like-oaks with out for family use; and by going down Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,

their spreading branches draped with still farther a much larger volume of

festoons of Spanish moss; in fact nowhere water is obtained. Dr. Oren has just Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. .

else in our travels have we seen one such well for a group of cottages, so1'1"'V'i11e i 101.iclo. ,
like half a
and it furnishes something
either, in such wondrous perfection.

It is our pleasure to meet here two dozen perpetual fountains, one At closeto one P R I C E- L.I ST OF W HIS I K I ES : --, .-
the door of each dwelling. .
bee-keepers of considerable prominence CABINET BOURBON.., .............. $G oo' .
-V. V. Blackmer and Chas. D. place on the main street a huge live- MANONGAIIELA..... ....RYl$1......., ..... ..,......,. 175 50 J. MARTIN RYE.... ........ ..............?..300.
associatedwith oak has a piece of wood driven into ORANGE PARKER; VALLEY..... ....., .....,.. ..... 2 00 VIRGINIA GLADES.........,....... .......... 400
Duval. Mr. Blackmer has ........... .....,.. ....
.....,.. .... ............. 250 OLD BOURBON .500
friend Brown in his bee-business; its body after the fashion of a sap SI.RINGVAT.T.IY.CORN ......... .............. :a oo KENTUCKY SOUR MASH......., ........; 5 00NOR'l'lICAROI.INACORN.
A goodsizedstream BALTIMORE ... ............ 250 OLD BAKER..... ..t ...............,..,...500
and friend Duval, the queen-breeder, spile in sugar-making. this CLIFTON CLUB...... ...... ............. 300 MONTROSE VELVET RYE................... 6 oo
of water runs from spile,
is assisting friend Brown, and raising three gallon 750 Remit by post-office
two gallon 5oc;
EXTRA: One gallon 250;
for himself. There is a point keeping a large tub constantly over. money JUGS order,check or registered' letter. We cannot ship C. O, D. Remit with order..
right here, friends, that may be worth flowing for the benefit of both man A complete price-list of Groceries and Wine List, sent free on application

while to consider. After a beekeeperaway and beast. The doctor gives me a JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.T111c .

up North has his bees safely put new fact in regard to these flowing

._. _' ._.____ .+ _0..._"__.......T.-_.xa,.,,........_"_k_..wxt++a.w.+................. SEtt4!,.........-:" --.- --:-..-. =:.._.._.-.:- h.... ..-'" rte.-- .. .. ... .
> .

I "


i I I

: The sulphur taste and smell Slashing the Bark for Pear Blight. Major I. E. Webster will soon havea GRAPnS-whlte. Niagara; $10.00 Grape for 300.Vines F.for Lloyd tale,,

come from sulphuretted hydrogen gas; In an interview with Mr. W. F. Pen- first-class rice rice-cleaning mill in Fruitland Park, Fla. 3-23-2

but this gas is so volatile that it escapes niman, of Glynn county, Georgia, he operation in North Gainesville, and THE FREJ
and is gone after the water has stated that in his orchard.of about fifteen farmers will do well to give the crop a ESCAPED; a few thousands still unsold.! Orderat

been for a little time exposed to the acres of LeConte pears he has no thorough trial. We know a gentleman by$t.oo T.per Colson 100;,$Waldo 5oo pe,"Fla.thousand, free it

air. Everybody seems to agree that blight. Two years ago, finding some residing near Fairbanks who makes

the whole of Florida is thus suppliedwith of his trees bark bound, at the sugges- good money cultivating. rice.Gaines- AT grove HALF, south ITS REAL side lake VALUE front! -,one Ten mile year from old

water. Where can all this immense tion of a friend, he had the bark split ville Sun. town. Fine vegetable lands. J. L. Derieux,

volume under pressure come with a knife, making several slashes Mr. John F. Maxfield, the well Lakeland, Polk county, Florida. 2-16-4

from ? In crossing the long from the ground clear up into the known buyer of New York, FOR SALE.-An a No. i pointer bitch; also an
occurred in this orange bred fox hound dog pup, nine monthsold
this before limbs. No blight has
bridge morning has purchased forty acres of hammock (Tennessee stock). Address, R. B.Bull. Bradford
I found nice drinking-water pouring part of the orchard, and he has lately land from Mr. A. Douglas, and ville, Fla. 2-16-3

forth as usual, but this time up through had all the rest of his trees slashed. will
set out a grove'during the coming. POULTRY.-Albert Fries, St. Nicho
an iron pipe right out of the salt sea Others who have tried this report thatso Banner. FANCY, Jacksonville, keeps 15 varietiesof

water of the Halifax river ; and I am far it has secured them entire exemption year.-Ocala now pure-bred, Pekin drakes fowls. for Eges sale,for$1.25 hatching each booked 2-9-2

told that, even out in the ocean several from blight. Mr. L. S. Brooks, the veteran

miles from shore between this place < grower, is showing his faith in ESCAPED THE FREEZE 1 Tardiff and Ruby
food stocks.
animal is low lemon
Fresh excrement not '' on rough
and St. Augustine, is a fountain of for with and an orange point and will shortly set For sale by Richard Klemm, Winter Haven,
If diluted
plant. water
in volume out, in connection with Mr. E. L. Florida 2-9-3
fresh water so large
pure ,
poured about the roots it will often
that it rises a foot or two above the Wartrcann, a 4o-acre grove of pineapple MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
for time do harm than .
surface of the and makes the a more good.In oranges.-Ocala Banner. BowRer's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Florida
ocean, fact, very strong urine will kill any last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
water pure and fresh for a distance so Oranges are' everywhere on the particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
plant to which it applied, especiallyif io-i3-tf
considerable that large vessels go here lower wharf and and the
an annual. Its effect is to rot and vicinity BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.

and pump up water for an ocean voy burn the roots rather than to feed packers are very busy getting .them of the best' $i for 13. R. Puddy,
Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock for
age. Along the river the town is just them. ready to rush to market Hurrah for Lawtey hatching., eggs 10-6-13

seawall and ---------
now putting up a stone ; Lee county.-Ft. Myers Press.
Black Minorcas and Black Langshan
to fill in back of this wall, and bring PECAN CULTURE FINE $1.00 each. White-faced Black

the town clear out to the water's edge, Spanish$3.00 trio. Eggs $1.50 for 13, $2.00 for
Harrison & Sons Paola Fla
26. E. 2-9-4
a steam dredge is at work. This ma- THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE,

chine has a revolving metal frame, -:- FOR PROFIT. LIGHT BRAHMA Turkey Eggs, D. for B. Plymouth hatching; Rock 91.00 dozen and-

something of the dimensions of a huge to suit the times. C Gomperts.Lady Lake,
Don't Freeze. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.FLORIDA. Florida. 2 2-16
barrel or hogshead. All around this They

barrel are knives, or cutters. As fastas Our modern soft-shell pronounced finest, largest BERKSHIRE reduced Best prices registered for one month full

it chops up the oyster and other and quickest bearing in America. Well adapted only. T. A, Vincent, Riverview, Fla. 2-2-3
Florida, and State in the !
shells covering the bottom of the river,. We tell and nearly deliver every first-class trees Agent's profits per month. Will

a great pipe, almost a foot in diameter, cheaper than any other growers. Put out a $525 5 5 prove it just or forfeit.A $1.50 New sample Articles
grove,a fort une in a few years. We also have the
attached to a rotary pump, by a pow- finest, prettiest, and most prolific field corn and terms free. Try us. CHIDES-
TER & SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y.
bushel. LANDS
Highest premiums
erful suction sends shells sand and known-so ears
$100 00 for sample of better pecans or corn. Send
water over back of the sea wall. The for descriptive pamphlet. nPILGHMAN'S A All Stock-Guaranted CONDITION to make POWDERS them eat FOR and

water runs away and leaves the sand CAROLINA SEED & PECAN CO., grow fat. Sample package by mail thirty-five
Ivanhoe, N. C. ORANGES ', cents. W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla.
and shells in shape to make a nice : 1-26-10

shell road close the wall. Trees
up ITALIANYou're FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black Langshans.
be this road Game fowl. Langshan, Game and
.. are to planted along the loser unless BEES
Pekin duck for Mrs. W. H.
bees eegs hatching.
you keep to gather
beautiful shaded RESORTS
making one more the sweets of nature about Mann, Mannville, Fla. 12-1-12
you. Dee Keeplnir I.IIen.nnt .
street in Daytona. SALE for cashtime or hade,orange groves,
and Profitable to either sex, in townor FOR
country m Page Bee Book free to all. and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
Judging from the bitter talk of the J. M. JE1VKIX8Vetumpka, Ala. Fla. 3n.I61FOR

cattlemen it would to outsiders INVESTMENTS
appear EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
that a cow not under lock and key is WOVEN WIRE FEHGEi North Carolina mountains. Owner must
Why pay 60 to OOc. a rod for, live in Florida. Wants! good orange grove. W.
in danger in this and adjoining coun- fence when you can n>ake the B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-15-11
best Woven Wire Fence on DEVELOPMENTS
ties. Accusations and counter accu earthhorse highbuU stron
pig and chicken tight, for FINE LOT OF SEEDLESS GRAPE FRUIT-
sations of cow stealing are as commonas Tahiti Limes. All on Grape fruit stock.
salutations and 13 to20cAROD? Price very reasonable. S. M. Stephens, Lake
every day peopleare ryjc A man and boy can make I land, Fla. 12-15-10
begining to wonder where it will all -from OverBOdlilerent 40 to 60 Rods, al ATTRACTIONSADDRESS
day. styles A CHANCE FOR A NURSERYMAN.-Forty
end; whether the new cow thieves that KIT8ELMAN Catalogue Free. &ROS.Address, thousand ((40 ooo) thrifty grape fruit trees iu
/k 1geviIIe Indiana. nursery form. Three-year old. Terms easy.
will accumulate f./.I
pop up every day big Bowyer & Stephens. Lakeland, Fla. 12-15-10
stocks of cattle and be looked upon as ---
A NEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
cattle kings, or whether the thieves G. D. ACKERLY I two. We pay freight. Write for our latest
will be tried and) be punished as their OLDW4 price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf

fellows of the pickpocket and house, ( ) THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
GeX1. Pa.sse
breaking types are. As the Arcadian 127 ooo citrus trees on sour orange,gre pe-fruit
It and rough lemon roots! of the following varieties:
once before remarked, men who are Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-

: said to be the biggest thieves them- WHATSTIIEJ ; CENT- WORD COL UMN.To rantium Hart's Tardiff.Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown,
Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma Ku1u-
selves are always ready to put on a MATTER?!_J quat. King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa

bold front and run down a thief of FARM J\ insure insertion in this column, advertise- less Franca Limes.and Belair A specialty Premium of Lemon.the Marsh Tahiti Seedless Seed
ments must be accompanied by the
ttioney. Grape-fruit. C. M. Marsh Lakeland Polk
lesser pretentions. Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. Co.,
.. .COVERED ll received in Fla. 11-17-20
Postage Stamps payment. ----
Prof. 'V. T. I L LY Count every word,including name and address.
Swingle WITH
says : STUMP! WANTED-5000 one-year Citrus Trifoliata.
----------------- n ----
would repeat the warning given after ries Monticello and, Fla.lowest price. Arcadia Nurse
Seed Corn. Let the people of 12-i-tf
the December freeze-spare the fertilizer .
--- -
Florida but the
plant nothing
for the present ; no attempt
varieties suited to our climate and U
should be made to force a growth ; GRUB

cold weather in March is a possibility, soil. I have them. STUMP

and the trees that are the furthest ad- Y MFv.< W. M.\ GIRARDEAU, tl MACHINE- '

vanced will (fare the hardest. When -
2-1G-4 Monticello Fla. .
or eon.itherSANDUiCt
you do fertilize give homoeopathic T -TIP HIHL
Works! on cither Standing Timber or Stumps. Pull
doses-where you were wont to use a ordinary Grub In one and ahaifndnutes. Makes i seed for sale.-$1.00 per 100 'feet f. o. Will
ft; clean 6weep of two act es at a Bitting. A man, a bo'ftnu : CASSAVA. M. Chesebro pjum- pull Dq'ordi ar
given quantity use half, and apply they a horse' can operate it. No heavy-chains or rods ti Jacksonville. ': 6rublDhzl I8l1T S
handle. The crop on a few acres the fln>t year will pa': mers, Fla.
other halt later. for the machine. ; .. =--=
( You can not longer afford iv pa: :.Ii
taxes on unproductive timber land. Clear It, raise i SALE-Two milch cows, fifty PlymouthRock -=-=-
Hakes clean
a of Two Acres
: Florida is like a lobster pull off a worn bountiful outland crop. by with pasturing.,'9ss labor and It will recuperate only COllt your: you ole a hens, ten months old, four thousand man Chains a boy and sweep a horse. can operate at it.a No Heavy;
postal card to send for an illustrated Catalogue, sugar reed cane, Address M., Box 713, Jackson- : or rods to handle. Tho crop on a few acres the
.. leg and straightway another will grow price,terms and testimonial Also full informatloi givini ville, Fia. ItTHESE first year will pay for the Machine.Send postal: card forillustrated
Catalogue, giving price, terms testimonials
concerning our I X; L. Grubber Iron Giant Grul
.in its place. It is not much to look And Stump Machine,Two Horde JIawkeye audotbaappliances : trees are frost proof-Orange's Cherry : Grub,also und Information Nttiiup Machine concerning,Two :our iron Giant
for clearing timber land. Address llorooHuwkeyeandother
but inside it is full of meat and Well rooted, thrifty young budded appliances for Address
at, BILKE MANUFACTURING. CO., 608 8th 8U, Bownonth II trees each doz. Thi
700 $:.5o per prepaid MILNE MAXUFACTURhNQ CO., COS 8th St., Monmouth,III.Suniirnlde .
1 richness-and it keeps right on grow Bunnyilde Shetland Pony Form.! Foroatatotroe ad new fruit is wonderfully productive and in cook- !Shetland 1'ony l arm. For catalogue ad-
!roes Alone. Hro at above/ offloe and number.Breed ing qualities excels the Richmond: or Moreno dress Milne! IlroN. at above ottlce and number, Br"d.
ing. rn of i I....Shetland I'oaIea cherry, Wm L. Orange, Mannville, Fla. it ore of Pure Shetland loalM. .. .. ....

6 6P ,


:""'_.. !:'- .- ...-- -"..




. SAVANNAH LINETO The Clyde Steamship Co.


48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and FMUjIDfl

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston.

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -,

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. Both ways to sail: as follows, calling at, Charleston, S. C.,

From New York. From Jacksonville,
O 2VI: SORRg. 1\.Ja.1"1a.arer.: ; (Pier 29; E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Monday, Jan. 28th, at 3 p m...... ..."CHEROKEE" ......Sunday, Feb.. ard at 10-30 a m
'" Wednesday, 30th at 3Pm."YISMASSEE".Tuesday: '
.- < sth at 12:30: pm
:W 7j.: .:'; r 1-r ry' g'4,. if Friday Feb. 1st, at 3 pm......... "ALGONQUIN".Thursday, 7th,at 1:30pm
.'.r.. gip r j Monday 4th. at 3 p m..... ...."SKMINOLE". .... .....Sunday.It loth, at 5.ooam
t Wednesday, l4 6th at 3 p m.......... "IROQUOIS". ........Tuesday i2th, at 6:30am:
';'ll'1 I'.':; Q h lr 'g i a, ei, re: d:Z4 I "Ib Friday, 8th, at 3 p m........ "CIIEROKER" ...... ..Thursday, i4th, at 8:00am:
:'d:, .:. u rs'rt' Nh; a rl; Monday, nth, at 3 p m........ "YEMASSEE".........Sunday, 14 I7th, atniooam:
', l!'; Wednesday, .It 13th at 3 p m."ALGONQUIN".Tuesday jgth, at 1:30: m
.;'J:4.;/...:. { P p4 (1ti; r, Friday Isth.at3pm.... .... "SEMINOLE" .. ......Thursday, 44 arst, at izsopm:
33.e (
",*1%' jv F 'ti ;C' : }a a 1' tf '- ,4ygi y Monday, It i8th, at 3 p m. ......."IROQUOIS". .........Sunday, 44 24th, at 5:00: a m
wf'J rac' .1 22d ...... ..... .. 41
; ,, = : 'IL --.= Friday, at 3 pm. "CHEROKEE" .Thursday, 28th, at 7:00: a m
.....;,rh,,, < r-- :,4.r< f Monday.I. 25th at 3 p m."ALGONQUIN".. ......Sunday Mar. 3d at 8.30am
:...fF" d; Wednesday, I' 27th, at 3 pm..SEMINOIE" .........Tuesday, 5th, at IIooa: InPhiladelphia
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?.... i Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south
;\'",1:,< bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
"'.\ :
_; From! 'Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct:

Saturday, January 26th...... .......... ..ONEIDA; .. .... ........ ....Friday, February 1st
Saturday February 2d............ ..... .BOWDEN....... .. ......Friday, February 8th
Pa..a.ljte Ra.te: I Saturday, February 9th.. .... .... ,. .....ONEIDA........ .... ......Friday, February xsth
Saturday, February 16th........... ..... .1IOWDKN. ,.* .... ... ...... Friday February aad
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.00 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843.30; Saturday, February 23d... .............. ONEIDA..... . .... ......Friday, March ist


Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 j Excursion: $47.301; Steerage, $14.25 '
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.


(Central or goO Meridian Time.) ST. f oHNS :R.I"V'&i iii.

Kaiigaa City...... .. .... ...... .......... ............ ...... ............Friday, Feb. i, 9.00a.m.
Chattahuochee................. ................ ......... ...... .....Saturday, Feb. 2,10.00a.m.
..... ...... ...... .... ..... .... ....
Nacoochee ..... .... .. .... ...Monday Feb. 4, 12.00 n'n For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points
Tallahassee ............ ...... ..... .. ......... ........ ... .............Wedn'sdagFeb. 6, 2.30p.m. I on
City of Augusta... ..... .... ......... .......... ........ ....... ... .Friday, Feb. 8, 4.30p. m. I the St. Johns River. .
City of Birmingham).............................. ................ .Saturday, Feb. 9, 5 oop. m.
Iansas City......... .... ......... .... ... ..... ..... .. ............Monday, Feb. II, 7.oop.m.
Cliattalioocliee .................. ...... ...... .......... ........... ....Wedn'sday Feb. 13 8.00 a.m. The elegant iron side-wheel steamers ...
.. .... .............. ......... .. "
Nacoochee ...... .. .. .. ...... ..... ....Friday, Feb. 15 lo.ooa. m.'
Tallahassee....... ;. ... ........ .... ........ ........ .. ..... ...... ..Saturday, Feb. 16, n.ooa. m. "Ci1y of Jackson.'V'ille: ,"
City of Augusta..... .... ........ .... .... .......... .... ..... .... ... Monday. Feb. 18, i.oop.m.
City of Birmingham.. ... '... .......;.......................... .....Wedn'sdayFeb.2o, 3 00 p. m. Capt.tW. A. SHAW,
Kansas 1 City.. .... .... .... .... ........ ....'.... ... ..... .. .. .... ....Friday, Feb. 22, 4.30p.m. 't: 'E'RED. I DeBARY "
Cliattalioocliee ...... .... ..* .............. ...0'............. ...... ....Saturday, Feb. 33 5.00 p. m. '- .-
Nacoochee .......... ...... ................... .. .... ...... ... ...... ... \[ Feb. 600 p. m. Capt. T. W. IUNDJr. .
Tallahassee. .... .. .. .... .. .. .... .. .... .......... .... .. ........Wedn'sdayFeb.27, 7.00 a. Are. appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford
m'l daily except Sunday, at 9 oo a. m.

Gate Clty.- ..-. ... ............. ....... .......... ....... :;..Thursday, Feb. 6, 3.3op.m.. Read down. ., ,. -'. -SCHEDULE.NORTHBOUND.Read
........ .... .... ....., Feb. up
Gate CltyofMacon.. Feb. 14 21, 9.ooa.m' Leave .30p. m. ........... .:.... ..... Jacksonville..... ...... ...... .... Arrive 3.30 a. m.
ofl\lacon Feb. 28, 4.oop.m. .II. 8.45 p, m. ... ........ ..... .....;.Palatka. ............ ...... ...... Leave '9.00 p. m.
City 7.oop.m. 3.()() a. m. ............ .......... Astor............. ...... .... 3.00 m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These .. 4.30 a. m. .... ...... Francis. ...... ............ .... .. 1.30 p. m.
.. 5.30a. m. ...... ..... .... ...... Berestorc................. ...... II 12.00 p.noon
( Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.) Arrive 8.30 a. m. ...... ... .. ..:. ... .... .Sanford .............. ..... II 9.00 a. m.
I.. 9.25 a.' m. .... .... .... ........ .. .. Enterprise. .... .... .... .... . II 9.30a. m.

DeS8oUA'..... Wed'day, Feb. 7, 2.30p.m.
Klihu Thompson.. .....,....._.... _.n. Wed'day, Feb. 13 8.ooa.m.
DessouR. Wed'day Feb. 20, s.oop.m. Q-eiieral Passenger and Ticket Office 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
Kllhu .... 'Ved'day, Feb. 27 7.ooa.ra.
A. J. COLE Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
M. !i'. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
THESE PALACE STEAMERS I). H. C. lUNIGeneral: 'relght.AJ'ent.! 12 o. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia Pat
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER< Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Fla.
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah Florida: &'' Western Railway, JOHN !L. JlO\V Ann. Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla.
Flori Central & Peninsular Railroad. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville, Fla.
Through Bills of.Lading, Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and Hast. See your
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to : ,"W'M. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents
R. L. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent ,
New Pier No. 35 North River J.New York. City Exchange Building Savanna, Ga. 13 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf; Boston.W. _.. ----
I, JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street Philadelphia. W. A. BOORS .ESTABLISHED 1875. j. B. BOURS.
w. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New Yuk.J. I --
D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y.
J. L. ADAMS Ge..'. East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R.. A.. DeW;SAMPSON General Agent .. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington st.. Boston. ,
]. P. BECKWITH General Agent,
W. J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, Grain garden Seeds and Fertilizers

New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. ,,

L VIII' $':I.' D ?.Y w77C'., J.AOJ. C'IT
TH: :& :B&ST F&R.TIL-IZER.S: : : -...-----.---_.. -. -

We Handle Only tho Boat and Most Reliabk wads A. Comple Stock of

PURE BONE'BASIS Hay, Corn, Oats, ''Flour' Bran \Wheat{' Grits, Meal ... r

Are Manufactured by the Cotton Seed Meal!, Both Bright and, Dark.STATE .

L. B. Darling Fertilizer Co. AGJNTSFOR ,M PURE GROUND BONE

Yugert-Kllen Fertilizer Go. NITRAftrE 'SODA) J

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OF PAWTUCKET, R. I. Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE 'Q I'',. POTASH. ,
r We also carry In stock Potash Nitrate Soda, Kalnlt Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for poult GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. _11, SULPHATE P0'T. :: "-
try, Sulphur, Cottonseed Meal Tobacco Stems, Land Plaster and Ashes. k .t 'II
Ll Orange Tree and Vegetable[ KAINIT '

I.t lllear of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway between Main and Laura Sts These FERTILIZER.Fertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial will convince, l lv__ :\\ .

.. Bend for Pocket Memoranda Book. Bend for Catalogue, free '"-



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I --4 OW to row Vteriiioons! for Large Profits ;


i I Is a treatise! on melon culture recently;issued by thc Paine Fertilizer Company, who have, during the past six or seven years, made the fertilization and ",.1.01 the melon crop a Sl'KCtAI; ,
STUD helit'"ngRnd finally proving; that this crop is not only the MOST 1'KO1'ITAI5IJ h;crop grown in Florida but also a CF.RTAJN CROP, if planted} :I fertilized(\ }according to the directions given 'J i I,
in the above pamphlet. which will be sent FUBJ': upon application I
Our Company are the only manufacturers of High-Grade Crop Formulas, who have carefully studied the requirements! of many of our principal and best-p,tying crops, especially the Water-
: melon '.

"Write Us for Full Information Showing How to Plant for Market on a Large Scale. ;!

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REMEMBER that our specialty for years has been the growing and selling of melons for large profits. Our watermelon brands arc known and used throughout the watermelon
sections. No other company has ever manufactured special brands for this crop.
BE WARE of those imitating our formulas or copying our instructions-the use of their fertilizers can only mean PARTIAL SUCCESS and often TOTAT HAIMJUl-J.?

MMENCE PLANTING NOW and continue, as! we direct every ten days until last! of March.. Write for full particulars. NOW is an opportunity to recoup
your losses from other crops. .

BE AR IN MIND that New York City alone could have used all the fine early melons grown in Florida last: year therefore if we increased} the Florida acreage tenfold or mote
there is plenty of marketing room and} the acreage is HARDLY DOUBLED this year much of it being poorly fertilized, which will only produce inferior melons
y t Hut will reach market too late to secure the handsome profits obtained} by:those who carry out our advice to the letter. The variety of melon planted by our customers! is glowing in favor: and
the demand i<5tncrtoing encli year I
On, v.-.nip. uy, with its house: at New York and connections!'!at Boston and Philadelphia cOl11mand the principal distlibuling points in the Northeast, where the highe t prices are always
I>"{ 1 'ut fin-- nif'uim. h'\l.lllhe qmntity of early melons grown in this State warrant it, will, also, have atrangemeuts at Cincinnati and! Chicago lu distribute them through the \Ve't.! We already
nave contiol' } of\l..e bulk of the early crop-let us handle yours!'!, and it will reduce competition on sales, thus!'! enabling U'lto hold up the market to the III( 1IES'r POSIBII$ 1'IUCH Ir I
In the: future our New York house will handle the fruit and vegetable crops of any planters in tilor da i I order to secure for them the highest market price!'!, lull and} prompt returns, 111akI -
iug it an inducement for them to purchase our Special Formulas in ]large quantities, so as to plant on a more extensive scale. Write for stencil.

------ --- --- ---- ------


< will bring the highest prices per box ever known. GIST and FOLTX>W our instructions and you will not only have a good crop of fine fruit next winter, but you will savr yom trees! hurt by the I>tcember ..
t : and February freezes from two or three years set back. Full directions will be given upon application.


'I.:: Stop Fertilizing for Display !! It is FRUIT you Want,

Fine, Bright, Thin-skinned, Juicy Oranges in LARGE

;' QUANTITIES that bring High Prices in Market.

The PROFITS in planting come from Increased Yields of Finer Vegetables, which can only be obtained by the use of High Grade Crop Formu1 -
1 adapttd to >'our soils and crops. How long is it going to take you to find out that you can treble and quadruple your NET PROFITS by using our
High-Grade Mixtures AS WE DIRECT ?
:Many have been so encouraged by PROFI'T'ABLE1'IELUS from the use of our Formulas, while previously they had barely made expenses, that
they have increased their acreage each season until now they derive VERY LAUGH INCOMES from their crops. Do you want proof of this assertion ? then
.'," write us and we will give it ; or try a few acres with our brands and prove it for yourself.;
Our experience in handling the fruit and vegetable crops in New York (for many of our customers and their friends has shown us that buyers at
.r.. that point examine each purchase with a very critical eye, they will pay HIGH PRICES (for fine stuff and but very little for'that which is ordinary. Write us
for our pamphlets and advice of how to grow crops for LARGE PROFITS, also, how to fertilize trees on different soils for INCREASED YIELDS of !KINT.R,

"'" Do you know that the application of light ammoniates, such as Cotton Seed :Meal, Blood and Bone, etc., etc., are the MOST INJURIOUS ARTICLES
Ir;. yon can put on your grove ? They give a splendid growth of wood and foliage, but acting only as STIMULANTS they DESTROY i THE FRUIT PRODUCING
i.. PROPERTIES of tree and plant.
J-..w A Ton of our carefully-prepared Formulas, applied as we advise, is worth, in the long run, a carload of these ammoniates improperly applied :and<1 1p.
p.\ being IMPROPERLY PROPORTIONED with potash, phosphoric acid, magnesia, etc., etc. '
t., You! are rowing FRUIT, not FOLIAGE, for sale, VEGETABLES, not VINES, therefore you must avoid all RANK GROWTH.: It is
:i' STEADY, STRONG and HEALTHY GROWTH that developes the FRUIT-PRODUCING PROPERTIES of the plant and puts money into your
<, packet. Write us for ;information! on agricultural matters, to

\" T1O and "712 East Bay St., Jacksonville Florida

I ;, -->-N And for all information about selling your fruit: and vegetable crops, to

r' NO.1" Broadway New Yo rk N. Y.
J ''' Get our.atest prices on all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all competitors. Our facilities enable us to do this
\ :: -ily, and asija rule, to give better and higher class grades of materials.
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