Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
February 9, 1895
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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8. rowers, Publisher and Proprietor JACKSONVILLE FLA.. FEBRUARY 16, 1895. Whole No. lir.R V'ol.NEW VII SERIES.' No. 7.

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53 fc 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 A 123 MICHIGAN) ST.,

The best Chemicals for the purpose for which it is in-
tended. Not an ounce of "filler" or
"make weight" used."
invited and stencils furnished on application Reliable agents wanted at .'
all principal shipping points, .\
Read our guaranteed analyses. Write for prices. _.
SIMON .,PURENO. 1 We alsomanufacture; a special fertilizer for
First National.Bank of Jacksonville,.Kla. Bank'Commerce. ;Buffalo, ., N. Y. Dun's and Brad' young orange trees, tomatoes, onions grapes,
street's Agencies. Manufactured by the etc. Formulas made from practical field tests

Everything for Florida. Established 1883. E. O.Simon PAINTER.Pure Fertilizer JOHN Works MCKINNEY.SUL.. POTASH And Dealers, in i

p To everyone interested'in''plants, our E. 0. PAINTER & CO.. Props., NITRATE SODA
n NEW CATALOGUE: for 1895 ,
c DeLand, Fla. DISS. BONE
1 will be found invaluable 64 pages; illustrated, described and priced. Send GUARANTEED ANALYSIS: BLACK.
for it. It's free. Although the recent cold hurt much of our outside stock, "
we are able to fill orders for almost everythingcatalogued excepting Citrus. .5 to 8 per ct. -AND -
0 Ammonia per ct.
i A Specially fine)line ofEconomic, and Ornamental Plants Potash (actual').::2to4 13 per ct. All Kinds Agricultural Chemicals "
Phos. Acid (avail'e).6 to 7 per ct.

REASONER ItROS., 011 ceo, Fla. qMade exclusively from Sulphate of Ammo-
nia, Sulphate of Potash, and Dissolved Bone E. A. PAINTER & CO.,

Black. Demand, Fla. .


some parts of the country at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE, or no Fraud8uRsFruitWrappers.?: SELF-POURING ;
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONK'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but Best COFFEE POT
and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees. of this and other varietiesnow TEA ,
for sale. Sample oranges by mail for toe each, to pay postage. CATALOGUE FREE.C. Pours pressing r
). A. BOONE, Agent. NO MORE CHEATING. the lid ., ,
Semi-Tropical Nurseries, Orlando, Fla, L r. :.
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may \I.,
ELA1r C.A.SS.A.'V".A. wow. now know that they get an honest ream
:] of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto
Thi- plant, a native of Braz l,-has been grown in Florida! for several years and its popularityhas ream as some unscrupulous dealers d '>s ,
increased with general planting. As a substitute for Irish Potatoes'for table use it is unsur
passed. For a feed for stock, especially milch cows, it is very valuable, having been shown to supply. ? ,.

double Our the stock flow of of seed milk.cane went through' the late freeze uninjured, and we now have a large OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE" "

block on hand. ,I
Price, 30 cents per lb.; two Ibs. for 50 cents, postpaid.By Printed Wrappers are put up in packagesof "
express or freight, not prepaid, per 100 feet, fi, 35;per 1,000 feet, $9.00. 1000 each, and each Wrapper is bI

H. G. HAS< J.. INGS Xs CO.,
i I Our.40-nasre, Catalogue free. ntrlaohn I Florida. : to 1000. No one can THE ASBURY-PAINE MFG.CO.,Trenton,N.J.
---- -
I This is good thingj .

SATS TRI FO LIATA HONESTLY.BEAT our prices. Send for samples and prices SAW MILL il ilFARMER'S j

W3EV B V tflZtf B !I works successfully with 4
(t,.I.. 1 abcf! : 6 new Land .. oguo iui 18,.4-'95,recounts 17 years'experience: with the eah)',prouucuvo and hardy satsuma ,)', toTHE h. p,, also Grinding Mills I,
which,'without protection stands the winters as far north 11.I Washington
the\l-rorou9 Citrus trifollata and Water Wheels. ;


figs, JERSEY CITY, N. J.
and tntouata stocks. Over 300 varieties ouoruU for Florida and Lower South
orange 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga. i
frraneg,apricots,olives,mulberries,porneTanates,almonds' ,pernns,Janan walnuts,Japan kumquats,ornamentals N. B.-We 'do not deal in unprinted
It I
m m --
& ,
orchards ana prouiicis,maintained. lor the purpose at considerable nnp""t has And Ta LO'VVERf3FOR
been a leading:feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlay in the Information /@ dcd, .
by results obtained In our own rose gardens,we have selected and offer as especially well adapted to the climate of this region FRUIT TREES.


Handsome,6o-paceTruit s annual.and free I !"H aud correct descrlptionsj 40 accurate, SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.
artistic illustrations recent results with leading: sorts|latest practice and best methods culture management.: Send to Satsuma Orange, Hardy and Early. New ,
t Fla. &c., at very low prices. Catalogue for the "
JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., ask ng. D, L. PIKItSON, Prop. ?
Tiiowaaville Oat Moutlc.ll FU "

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I' SEE WHAT YOU CAN BUY AT ,-f':!.,n.; .


t::: FERTI] II] RS. 7 :'
I i '
71 y
: The Cincinnati Desiccating Company's Pure Bone Fertilizer, '//5;

1,1 Manufactured from Hfgh-Grade Sulphate of Potash and Pure Animal Matter,prepared by a desiccating process,which extracts the useless materials and mo sture. Compounded according to-"formulas ', ','"'
I especially adapted to the Florida trade. Analysis sworn to and guaranteed. Pure Ground Bone, Bone Meal,Cottonseed Meal and Agricultural. Chemicals. ." ,::v*>:(; -.:;-

r} COCCI DICIDE:A material ABSOLUTELY FATAL to the alleyrodes citri,or white fly,in all the stages of its development. Equally fatal to red spider,rust mites,their eggs,and to scale,with..,' ,.I''i.
I!r out reference to the hatching t period The largest growers are using it with satisfaction \ "
!t THE EUREKA INSECTICIDE: Widely used and favorably known. :... .;;;

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\; -!!';11I -,-
t i: Automatic Spray Pumps, Hydraulic Spray Pumps, Bucket Brass Spray Pumps, Knapsack Sprayers, The Low Down Tank Pump :i f.ti..}' .
;,. The Nos. 3 and 4 Climax Pumps, Tank Machines, Steven's Water Motors, Portable Engines for Irrigating' and Spraying Purposes,' \; ;-If::
Pumps for General Use,'House Force Pumps, Light Pumps for Wells, Wind Mill Regulator Force Pumps, Drive Well Points. >, :
,, NOZZLESNixon: Nozzles, Myers Nozzles, Gem Nozzles, Cyclone Nozzles, Improved Vermorel. Nozzles. ,
.t' ..
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,.:', '*-' '.:, :' RUBBER GOODS. ...
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".,.'.* l'.t1.* '- :vi .' Rubber Hose, Plain and Wire-Wound, Rubber Lined Cotton Hose, Hose Couplings. ; "
:, ",:. ,::<, :' Hose Menders\ Microscopes, Achromatic Triplets. /. : :.,'
,;., l i -: ;,;(I \Vs? :
Butcher &, Gibbs' Imperial SprIng-Tooth Harrows, Imperial Spring-Tooth Cultivators, Imperial Heel U Bar Lever Smoothing 'Harrows,' '"_ ",".:.
; One and Two Horse Wood and Heel Beam: Chilled and Steel Mold Plows, Coulters, Wheels,etc. .;. ,.

t .'} bets;
:': !sA.; .
t Bangor Box Sides, Veneer Cut Pine Sides, .. > :::" "\1

;1 Dry Pine Head.s, Sawed Birch Hoops, .: ':'" .,";".);
I Split Birch Hoops, Freshly Cut Green Mixed Hoops, .'..{:.'
Manilla and Colored Orange Wraps, '. ,r
f .. Shelf Paper, Box Nails, etc :'. ,
.1 Orange Sizers, Orange Polishers, Berry Cups and Crates, Cabbage Crates, Six-Basket Tomato -

J and Fruit, Carriers, Pineapple Crates, Ladders. '.

li -
i s., % %5 AV.TO 'VV'E-IARF.: Ta.oks011..Y"iI1' ..11 I.


been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement :
That SULPHUR. SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by? far the cheapest and best preparation. yet offered to the orange grower.

It has never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as

other Insecticides have, been throughout the State,

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayedonthe : I

trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. .
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis 1
very effective in destroying Aloyrodes Citri (commonly? known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite:or Yellow ]
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever" used. .|j
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and, know whereof we speak. (

'These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction .; ,Ww.: \, ::, I
References and general directions for using furnished on application. .. a
frt?,,.. Write for Price-List. c

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r'r "., ; "" "l '", \W ..:' .<' 51,
, San Mateo, Fla.I .


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The State.An to have had little effect in stopping Tangerines and lemons are alike af- Tampa, a few hours ride from this "

improvements here. fected. Grape fruit (of the same fam- point, is largely devoted to the manu-

Apiarist's Visit to Florida.Mr. ARTESIANVATER.. ily) is not so seriously injured. The facturing of cigars. Since the duty :,'
loss of this season's orange crop will on cigars is $4 pound, in additionto :
A. I. Root, the proprietdr of This water as it comes from the per
Gleanings in Bee Culture, is paying a wells in like that at Clinton, Mo.- be a sad blow to Florida. It is the 25 per cent, on their value, it is .:

visit to Florida. In his paper he sulphurous; and the bottom of the reservoirs only crop of the orange belt. Grain, found most profitable to import from ;

gives the first installment of his notes and overflow streams is deco. flour, meat and other like productscome Cuba the raw material and make the t;

and this is ,what he writes of Jacksonville rated with all the colors of the rain- from the North. If growers cigars on Uncle Sam's domain. The .

beyond which his travels in the bow. I supposed it was from the had secured this crop many would workers in these factories are largely \

State had not yet extended: minerals contained ; but my friend have come out in debt, as low prices. imported with the tobacco. America j

"This is a very pretty city of near- I the engineer explained: "Notminer- of recent years has left scarcely any has heretofore enjoyed the reputation I

ly 30,000 inhabitants, and is the larg--I als, :Mr. Root, for this is almost abso- profit. Oranges that formerly.sold for of making the poorest cigars on :
est in the State. At the present time lutely pure water. These beautiful $1.00 to $1.50 per box here on the earth. I have known Americans to

there is a very general activity allover colors are the result of a species of trees have latelysold for fifty to sixty be delighted with Swiss cigarettes and

the place in putting in good sub moss, or algae, and this vegetable cents. As .it costs seventy-five centsto cigars, which they afterwards learned

stantial street pavements. The cedar growth takes place only where the wa- fertilize and cultivate an orange tree were made by the descendants of t
block pavements are being removed, ter is exposed to the sunlight. See each year, 'and .few trees average over William Tell from Kentucky tobacco. i

and either vitrified brick or cement here; we have one reservoir roofed one box per tree,. the result without "Why is this thus ?"
freezing can be imagined. I have I am here hunting quail with one of I
put in its place. The cement pave- over and bricked up so as to make it I
ment is made of material found only dark like a cellar. There is none of seen half-grown trees, however, which Rochester's favored capitalists. He :

about. twenty-five miles away, and this growth in this reservoir at all, but bore over a barrel each, and older is the most enthusiastic of all men

brought, by boats. It seems to bea where it is'exposed to the full sunlightit trees that yielded three to four barrels. with a gun. While I go hunting every !

sort of limy marble; and when mixed grows very rapidly. It commenceson The trees are not,injured by the frost, other day, he goes every day,

with sand it resembles hard putty, and the stone or 'sand at the bottom, with few exceptions.A Sunday excepted, entering the field \'t'

pounds down into material thatis where the sun can strike, and gradually fruit company of California was at sunrise and returning long after :

something like hard wax. They breaks loose and floats away, the wired by their representative here the dark. The whole country here is like I .
day after the frost to buy one vast park through which a horse i
claim that when once packed and warm temperature, 70 or 80, greatly oranges. !
rolled it will turn off rain; and I facilitates this vegetable growth. Here They did so, and made a profit on the and wagon can be driven. We ride IJ
purchase of $30,000. But there is no lazily in our while the dog x 'f|
should think that with some attentionto at the wells the water has a strong, wagon '
keep it in shape it might do, this. sulphurous taste; but after exposing it danger of oranges' going at very high circles out with nose down and tail
I figures, as foreign fruit would then up, searching for coveys of game. t
There are plenty of-churches here; to the air as it pours over through the
come in plentifully. It is reportedthat When the pointer's tail begins to wig-
and from the
judging sermons we fountains, this"odor at last disappears.You .
have heard, their ministers are edu- will notice, when drawn: from the no such cold weather was ever gle furiously we know a covey is near f

cated and able, and fully up to the hydrants in the city, it seems to be known here before. Several peoplewere at hand. Then we descend with as ;
frozen to death. No preparationin much and dignity as men of '
Their audiences made '' grace
times. are up pure water, scarcely any'taste of
also of people of intelligence and cul the sulphur at all." houses or otherwise is made for such fifty usually possess after being ,
phenomenal weather. Now is,the timeto cramped into one position for an hour
ture. For.once in my life have at- Now, you see we have at least a
tended church where the ventilation partail explanation of the wonderful buy an orange grove if you wish one. and proceed to bring to bay the innocent -i
for 'such Groves that sold (for $20,000 five years whistlers, known to Northernersas
seemed ,
proper, especially a mossy; covering of the ponds of spring
can now be bought for $5,000. "Bob White" It pitiful to hear
,climate. There were very large win- water in Castalia, Erie, Co. 0.; and ago
There has been a failure in Tampa of their plaintive whistle at evening call-
that the '
dows, which were open'ed'so here is solution, too of the cause of
an orange dealer for $40,000. He ing together,the scattered members,
church seemed like a great airy veranda the mossy growth and covering sur- I
; and those who were tempted to rounding the watering-troughs and bought oranges on the trees, and had many of which we have ruthlessly 1

stay away from service because pf, the streams from springs throughout our ,not picked them when the frost came. slaughtered. But we are merciful, in

enticing air and sunshine out of doors land. Put a box or tub around,your Oranges ,keep well (when ripe) on the as much as we shoot them upon the (:
trees: for several months. Florida or- wing, giving the birds some chancefor I!
had certainly no reason to call the spring, either of stone, brick or ,wood,
Endeavor anges are claimed to be of better qual- Jife, while the Southern pot-hunter
church close orconfining. ,then have a hinged cover over it to
ity than those of California. The soil shoots into the quail at night, after :
and schools
societies Sunday- alsQ seem lift up, and vou.won't have any of this
here is the poorest on earth, simply they have huddled into one compact ,
effective work. The
to be doing cityis slimy ,moss or scum. All you have,todo .
and orderly pure, white sand. Nothing but native mass, a circle, all heads pointing out-
very quiet on Sunday. is to keep away the sunlight, andit
business pines will grow on such soil, unless fer- ward, all being destroyed at one shot. .
Places of were generally can't One of the agricultural
closed, except the fruit,stands and drug papers recently stated that whitewashing tility is applied freely each yearcosting We shall soon visit DeLand's pine- t
about $20 per acre for fertilizer. apple plantation, which is near by.
stores. Besides the churches for the : a watering-trough, or even placing I
,white people, those of our colored, lump of lime in the water, would Money has been 'made here largely by Spraying Tall- Trees.
friends seemed also well attended. I keep away the moss. You see tie ideais planting orange groves,' selling Editor; Farmer and Fruit Grower: i
them when of Nothing can be We have tried several kinds
age. of
never: before saw so '''many motley that the moss is a ,vegetable growth, i
dressedcolored, boys and girls. These and propagates itself, and grows in the more fascinating to a Northern marl spraying machines without finding any r

people, as a rule,seem to be busy and spring water, simply because this wa- (especially an Englishman) than a of f them perfectly satisfactory. Will 1
industrious all through the city. ter furnishes the desired temperature, grove of orange trees. It has proved, you be kind enough to give us your f
however, an expensive plaything.This advice as to the best kind to use for t
All around the depot, and on the especially where it flows out, into the
largely owing to the fact that the large trees, and oblige, l 1
principal streets, Jacksonville is indeed sunlight. And this slimy moss, then,
a busy place. In fact, to accom- really is not found at all, nor even the growers here are ,not organized. They MOORE & DAMERON.. I
in small lots New Orleans, La.
ship hap-hazard or large
modate business traffic an immense elements that to make its growth,
go up commission who often rob Your best plan is to mount a trolleycar j
structure a real viaduct ,all the : in the itself it from the to men
spans water as comes i them. How different from the systemof an elevated stand on wheels, ''j
railroad tracks, and connects River- ground or rocks. from the of which
California where whole trains of car top you can ply ;
.... ,
side with the principal streets of the
loads made and consigned to a the spraying nozzle to the best ad van- i
city leaving the track-yards unobstructed Notes on Florida. are up
for the railway traffic. On The editor of Green's Fruit Grower responsible representative of an organ- tage. J I

this viaduct one may see crowds of wrote to his paper the following letter, ized community of growers. San Antoni and Clermont :

people on foot, with teams and street- which is a curious compound of misinformation This portion of Florida is level. A there is a stretch of country where :

cars passing to and fro almost every, i and,good, advice: hill would''be considered a' curiosity.The everything in the line of citrus fruits is \

hour of the day. In our Northern Winter, Park, Orange Co., Fla., Jan. railroads 'are' straight and level apparently killed to the ground. Froma

cities at the present ,time we see very ip.The orange groves, so numerous as'arrows, the rivers and creeks slug- point a mile or two south of Cler

little building going on ; at least, thereare in this locality,,,present a desolate appearance gish. The people are slow and easy- mont to another point, north of Oak-

few structures being put up of arty since the recent hard freeze. going also, reminding me. of Miss land, vegetation is coming out nicely,

considerable, size. But here there are The foliage of the orange trees are Ophelia's exclamation, "Laws, how and soon the orange trees will be in

not only an immense ,number of ,fine withered'and falling, and the fruit, shiftless." And yet the Northernerwho full foliage. That strip of country was

dwellings, but a large union depot is which is more plentiful than for many 'has lived here long becomes protected by the waters of Lakes Min-

under '(full headway in process of con. years, covers the ground on every side.A slow of motion also. No one worries neola and Apopka, and any one who

struction. The terrible frost, that has small portion of the fruit,which was here. If Josephus or Cicero has sufficient now doubts that water modifies the

een such a severe set back to many'f on the inside of the trees, protectedby food for to-day he does not cold should take a run up the line and '

the great Florida industries, seems foliage, is yet eatable Madarines, worry about tomorrow be convinced West Coast Truth

.. -. - --- -


LOCKHART LITTLE, President. J. E. STILLMAN Sec. and Treas.




m j foi\\: !\:!""
?5 ,
.,.;.; Especially Adapted to Requirements, of the Orange Tree.
: :
t' ;'
..;,';i 0''"" November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers" on the bearing groves to secure the best results. .


": Orange Planters True 'Value Number One," "Orange Planters True Value Number Three, ''

: : : Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.

t We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. Pam-

phlets and prices furnished on application.

i: Orchard. The fact that the countries to the list of possible articles for the proposed Figures do not lie, but'they some-
Grove aid
... .. south of, us, California and Louisianawill exhibit and these will be sup- times tell us things unpleasant, as wellas
-- - - -
The" Orange-- County- of West have' exhibits at' the Exposition plied to committees in each countyfor to open the door to our understanding. -
J Florida.At makes it more necessary for Floridato the information of the"public. For the sake of illustrating and Wewahitchka have an exhibit, and a creditableone. Nothing can be done without the drawing comparisons, we will suppose
a meeting ,
for the purpose of organizing to pre- help of the ladies, who I see by these that the cost of marketing all citrus
pare an exhibit for the,Atlanta Exposition An explanation I would like to decorations have been here before us, fruits is $1.25 per box. Take the
in the Calhoun News, make. I have been appointed As- and'I'heartily thank them for comingout numerous markets to which the fruitis
sent, and it would be but little, if
find the Col. sistant Commissioner of the whole on this disagreeable day and for
we following speech by
Chipley, which is well worth readingby State: of Florida. A writer in a Jacksonville the'interest they manifest in the matter. any, below those figures.' 'So, .if a
a all over the State: paper has accused, me of ignoring Make your exhibit as attractive as producer consigns his fruit and it
Mr.growers Chairman, ladies and fellow this fact and of working for possible and Calhoun, the orange only sells for those figures, it ,only
Citizens-It not in West Florida alone, in other words, county of West Florida, will feel the pays the expenses of picking and mar
was object com-
my keting, and he loses all the cost of
ing here to make an address, but, to going it alone for the, benefit of my result.
own section. Why he should 'have I .. : production.If .
talk the of ---
give you a plain on subject
thus attacked me ,,1. can't Mr. a man sellson,: the market 1,000
a West Florida exhibit"at Atlanta; the say. The Lottery of Fruit Culture '
benefits be derived therefrom and Ingraham and Gov. Mitchell under- boxes of oranges at $1.00 per box, he
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. actually loses twenty-five cents
what do. stand that, although I had securedthe per
we propose to ,best, place! on the exposition In no' other section of the countrydo box, or $250 in the act of marketing
Florida needs the opportunity as grounds for, West Florida's exhibit, if agriculturists so recklessly and alone. If we reckon the cost of pro-
she will never need it again, for this State Building is arranged ,for later, carelessly spend on uncertainties in duction at twenty cents per box, he
reason. It is the general belief that West Florida's exhibit will be in it Florida. Sometimes I think peopleare loses $450 in carrying on'' the,industrythat
she has been injured by the freezein, with the other part of Florida and the happier in spending $25 to get re season. If another,man had only'one
fact has been almost ruined. Now if space we now have will be relin 'turns of only $5 than at any other tree, that produced five boxes,
p we can get up a creditable exhibit, andI quished. I couldn't ,afford to await time. Uncertainty is lottery and there and they sold at $1.50 per box, his
I don't see why we can't, it will do us the action of the legislature. The : is great attraction''for games of chance. profit would be $1.25, coming out
t an incalculable amount of good. steps I am now taking are necessary People are often prouder having ahead of the man who had 1,000 bOXies '
An exhibit at' the Cotton States and onesand must be taken at once, for I earned $i by spending $5 besides $451.25. And a little more than
!j International Exposition will amountto West Florida ,will have ,an exhibit at their hard labor,than they,'would be of a that undoubtedly; for the individualwho
more than would an exhibit at the Atlanta whether the State does or not.. present of double that amount. The only had one tree would,,do all
World's Fair. The immensity of A place that reminds 'me ,of Wewa- joy that comes from knowing their his'own work, and would not buy any
it would have swallowed us up. hitchka is De Funiak Springs ,as she own efforts were the means of procur- fertilizer, as one tree could be properly -
The counties along the railroad was before the railroad passed through.On ing it, draws a curtain'behind all their nourished near any house'without
have taken hold of the idea with an my first visit there I had to go loss. People do not realize, or at it. Thus a man with one tree would;
enthusiasm and spirit of cooperationthat ninety' miles in a wagon carrying least, are not apt to compute the cost make money by a little advance:
surprised me. Walton, Washington everything. On ,this distance we of production. They seldom fall backon in price while the more a man had
Holmes, Jackson and Escambiaare passedonly two houses. (Col.'Chipleytold the principles of arithmetic to as- the greater in debt the industry would,
going to have their exhibits, while several .illustrating the certain with a certainty whether their bring him, without this advance. It
the enthusiasm of Carrabelle is mark- county twelve years ,ago and then described industry gives them a profit, or is the is not the amount a man produce
ed and I believe Franklin will make a the, peach and,pear groves and I, cause of actual loss. Nor do.they re, that gives him profits. If the 5,000-
fine exhibit. Apalachicola's people vineyards and houses! and churches sort to figures when they find theyare 000 'boxes of oranges that were esti
t take hold with spirit. This is Cal. and: schools as they now exist.) I don't growing poorer to learn whereinthe mated to be Florida's crop this ''pas,
noun's opportunity, and I feel sure she like to make a railroad talk, but, this fault lies and to discover a rem- I season, had all been marketed at $i. 25'
will join us. will illustrate what a railroad has done edy. This seems especially true in the : per box, the producers would hay
Our proposition is'this : If the people for that'country I have seen land in industry of fruit raising.It lost the cost of production, or abpul
of Calhoun will grow their exhibit De Funiak sell for $10 a front foot, is not the object of this articleto $1,000,000 ; the $1.25 only payin
and deliver it either at Marianna or and this little town has'a summer population enumerate the numerous leaks and cost of marketing. If they had sole
Chattahoochee, the L. & N. R. R.' :,'of 1,000 inhabitants and a the way to avoid them, the mistakesof at $1.50 per box, the' profit abov
Company will carry it to Atlantahaveit winter of double that number. the producers and a remedy there- marketing would have 'been $1250,
classified, arranged and displayedfree While this exhibit may not bring for ; but on the contrary, to present a 000. After deducting cost of production
of charge. They will also fur- you a railroad at once yet it will bring few thoughts that may enable a few to the producers would hav
nish, through the, central committee, emigrants enough to insure you all the see with greater force the folly of just had a net profit of $250,000; th
clear white glass jars of uniform size steamboats coming in, for then ,you getting enough revenue to cover the small advance of only twentyfivcents J
to preserve fruit. They request,, that will have enough produce raised to cost of anY' industry ; and also how''a per box having turned the los ;
the fruit shall be cut. not pulled, and pay them to come, in to your landings little augmentation in the price above of $1,100,000 into a profit of $350,
sent to them at Pensacola just beforeit every trip.I paying the expenses, changes a losing ooo, making a difference to the pr t
fully ripens will soon' issue circular with a occupation into one of profit. ducers of $1,250,000 in their (avo.t <




For Orange Trees, Vegetables, and Pineapples. Every kind of Raw Material. r

: :

i A B C A

\ j r;
for bearing orange trees. For bearing orange tree*. For orange trees, Vegetable fertilizer.
Ammonia............... 4 to 5 per. cent. Ammonia..... ....... 8 to 4 PI. COllt. Ammonia............... fitoli )per. cent... Ammonia. ............... 5 to f 0 per. cent. I
.I Availphos.acid........ 81010. Avail phos. acid'.. .;. f 0 to 8.. Avail phos. acid......... 7to8. Avail phos. acid ........ Oto 8. .-
Insol phos. acid......... 2 to a" I Insol phoa. acid....... 2 to a. Insol phos. acid.. ...... 2 to a" Insol phos. acid .. .... .. 2 to -1" "
Potash K20 ... ....' 10 to 12'. !! Potush K20. ............ H to 16" II PotashK2O.. ..... .... 3 to 4.. .. Potash K2O............. U to 10" "
$38 per ton. !! $37 per ton. $31 per ton. $38 per ton.
IVgRgD FREE A''I.'ANY, Dg'pO' or 51'rL3'AMSOA'i LANDING iiv "Hg fiiVI."ATE.

And the $250,000 is only a profit of Tillage vs. Rest in Fruit Culture.At of buying an old orchard and renovated to fight drouth and rain, is here much

five cents per box. it by pruning both tops and roots, more at home than the Niagara, which
of the fruit
It is safe to say that the standard a meeting growers of and it bore him 600 barrels the first certainly suffers in this latitude. The
varieties of oranges shipped this season Western New York, Professor L. H. year and 900 the next. Mr. B. J. fruit of some Aestivalis can be used as
have not. netted the producersover Bailey read a paper advocating thor- Case, Sodus, said orchards in his a late table grape but its stock will be
cultivation for orchards. The
five cents a box actual profit. ough neighborhood, that had not been especially valuable as a grafting stock
discussion whichis
Now suppose that by reducing the paper thus brought reported on a''in Green's Fruit plowed for twenty years, bore the best for the weaker varieties of the Vini-

acreage one-half, the crop would be Grower crops of apples in the neighborhood, fera.The .
reduced one-half, and in consequence President: that Professor but they were pastured by sheep or Vinifera or European grape
Barry glad '
hogs. vines will here but without the
i,, thereof oranges would sell in the advised cultiva grow
Bailey has thorough vigor of the Aestivalis, their habits differing -
markets at an average $2.00, we tion. May be instances where good <<
from those of the Labruscas
find the would have re ;
producers have been without cultivation Notes on Grape Culture-2.
crops grown
ceived $1,875,000 above cost of mar-. they also require dfferent modes of
but the only reliable way is to Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
keting, and $1,375,000 net profit, or cultivate from the start and cultivate Too much attention has been paidin treatment.
; fifty five cents per box. So that continually., Many orchards are ruined this section at least to the Labrusca Winter Park. J. B. LAMONTAGNE.. ;,

j 2,250,000 boxes of oranges would when young from neglect of cultiva- family( 'of grapes.: Although the true <<
bring producers much larger profit tion. Mr. Hooker thinks the professor -! grape vines have: been generally
Cultivation of Orchards.
than 5,000,000, viz., $1,125,000 net all right, so far as cultivation is classed into twelve different families,
gain, by the reduction of quantity.And concerned, but that is not all. 'Cli. let us cite the most familiarly knownto The horticultural editor of the.Country -

this would not be the total matic conditions come in that destroythe grape growers, in order to elucidate Gentleman, in commenting on what
gain, for producers could raise half fruit.Ir.\ Willard believes in further questions.First he calls "mistaken advice," by a writerin

the quantity with less expense propor- thorough cultivation, not necessarilydeep of all comes Vitis Labrusca, the' New York Times, expressessome
tionately. Suppose that, discarding but constant stirring of the soil. represented: by the Concord, theATiag- general principles which we think
irrigating plants, and chemical fertilizers Once ,tried mulching and next year ara, Rogers' Hybrids and their close must receive a cordial endorsementfrom
i and other means that people use found roots coming up towards sur- allies;' then Vitis Candicans or Texas most experienced orchardists.
fOr, stimulating an extra yield, the face. He believes in cultivation that grape; Vitis Riparia or riverside grapeof extract:
crop' was reduced one half, the result will destroy the weeds. In Californiasaw the States; Vitis Rupestris, sand "He properly objects to growing
would be the same as reduction in no weeds but very thorough 'culti grape of the Mississippi;',Vitis Aesti 'I grain crops ,in orchards, a practice
:acreage, viz: A much greater profit to vation. Allowed that he had an orch- vales! or summer grape of the South, to which is rarely adopted by any intelli-
the producers. Now 'when the quan- ard, well cultivated, that does not which we may add as most importantof gent orchardist, unless the soil is,un-

tity of oranges produced has already bear, because of climatic conditions, .all!, Vitis Vinifera, including. both usually rich and the trees very luxuri-
.brought, the market to a price that which he could not control. Mr. foreign and table grapes ant in growth. But the chief error
only about pays cost of productionand Pavor had an orchard thoroughly Nobody has forgotten the absurd fallen into is in making a general and
marketing, is it policy to payout cultivated, but it has not borne, whilea controversies on the north or south- inflexible rule from partial observa-
cash in hand for the'purpose of forcing row of same varieties, planted at the raised Niagara vine, the advocates of tions. In some localities the soil is
' 'young and old trees to bear 'same time, along the roadside, has this grape claiming that a Florida- rich enough to allow seeding the orch-
double their amount.? And more borne many crops. Otheis testified raised Niagara vine was useless; thatit ard to grass; while in others, with a
: than that ; ''take the chances of the el- that they bad orchards, not cultivated, should be raised North. Seals were more sterile soil, clean surface cultureis
ements that may be unfavorable. Is that had borne much better crops even used by such parties to attest the indispensable. Sowed grain crops
.! it'r.ot: the wiser way to take a more than others in their neighborhoods,cul- issue 'of f their vines. It was ridiculousto nearly always, check the growth of
Ii natural course ? Is it not best to tivated. Mr. Woodward has two orchards think that a difference of issue would trees; but hoed crops, such as Indian

, droo'our outgoes and save more cash one on his_ best _land well_ culti-. alter the habits of the Niagara or. its corn, especially if matured and well
-- -- --- nn- -- n -
-- -- ---- --- -
I II in hand i even if the crop is decreased? vated j that has borne nothing f for years, defects. In either case both have cultivated, are beneficial. Grass, as a
r In fact is it' not the plan we must while another a short distance away been preserved by Dame Nature. meadow, like sowed grain is detrimental ti
-I adopt'? Can we continually spend not cultivated, that has borne good As'a table grape the Niagara has ; but grazed short by sheep and top-
t our money on uncertainties and continue paying crops. Mr. Tabor said it seems deceived its advocates; as a wine grapeit dressed with manure, the treatment is
[LI the, industry ? Readers can that you are leaving out, one factor in 'is different; the must, of the grape, if very useful. Judgment and discretionmust
=; think for themselves. the discussion. This high cultivationmust properly handled, makes a light straw be used, and the treatment varied
1 If my health will permit I will, in stimulate and promote fruit colored wine not unlike the Sauternes with the soil, age of trees, amount of
1 future articles, discuss the errors I growth. A Duchess county man ap- entirely free from foxy taste and I manuring, and various external condi-
t believe we are making in the raisingof plied 500 pounds of potash in fall and odor, which is so perceptible in the tions. Where manure cannot be had
citrus fruits. 1,500 pounds of bone meal in springto fruit. The salvation of the Niagara in sufficient quantity, a temporary
r FRANCIS M. BUCK. part of his orchard, and barnyard grape growers is not in the grape but growth of clover or of rye may be tolerated -
manure to the remainder. The fruit in the wine, if properly made. long enough to furnish a heavy
' We' are at aloss:: to see how the lottery : on the former was firm, high color, Another absurd controversy which growth for plowing under as green
of fruit culture ,can be obviatedby with glossy skin, but on ,the latter the I hummed in our ears for a long time manure, the beneficial effect of which '
diminishing the,yield of the trees. skin was less firm, glossy and high was that no other grape would suc- has proven much greater than the tem-
l We doubt the propriety of mortgaginga colored. Thinks we want more pot- ceed here besides the Niagara. Meanwhile porary check caused by the growing of
grove, for instance, to purchase an ash and less nitrogen. Professor splendid Delawares, fine the crop.
but liberal of I
irrigating fertilizer plant ; in connection a use with Bailey said, the larger part of our or bunches of Duchess, of Black Ham. "We have had occasion repeatedlyto
r good chardists put out their orchards, on 'burg, of Cynthia, of Herbmont, all correct the old error that the roots
in is
skillful management general, shares with hay or other crops. First, closely allied to Vitis Vinifera, were of a tree extend no farther than the
o surely advisable. train up an orchard in the way it being raised side by side with the Nia- branches above, while, as a generalrule
, .. should go. Give potash and phos gara. Pure specimens of the Viniferawere established by many"observations,

1 A. D. Wright has sold his grove phoric,acid, but not nitrogen. If you also raised to the great astonish- they always extend quite as far on each ,
.i northeast of town to Mrs. Bronlow Cultivate from spring till fall will fail, ment of the above controvertors.It side as the entire height of the tree,
IS and Miss Wilkinson-consideration, but should check late with some sown was then evident to the observer and often, and especially of orchard ,
) 8,000. This is a most valuable prop crop. Has seen good crop on both that besides the Labrusca, some Aes- trees, to a much greater distance, mak-
erty, a half of which was sold to Dr. sod and cultivated land. Many of the tivalis with some Viniferas cquld suc- ing the area covered by them several
1 Gault, of Pennsylvania, some years old orchards cannot be renovated and ceed, and why not? The Aestivalis times greater than the mere spread of
ago.-Eustis Lake Region. should be removed. A member told with its fine system of roots organized the branches."

---. -,- .. -' .- --- --.. --

r -


TO MAKE A CROP OF, _...."'"



We' have a Large and Complete Stock ofJ.


Well Adapted to Start up New Growth and Mature a Crop.Also I

all Fertilizer Materials, namely :-Nitrate, of Soda, Sulphate of Ammonia, Blood and Bone, Cottonseed Meal, Tobacco' Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, II
: ; Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Potash, and all Agricultural Chemicals and Insecticide 1'r aterials.f .

f We also ,Mix any Special Formula at Lowest, Possible, Cost. ,; .

II Ask for a copy of our Oranges, Tropical Fruits, Vegetables," also our book showing analysis of all fertilizer materials. Correspondence invited.

"'\2\'ILSON & 'TOOMER: ,
Ja.okSOr1"VJ.1.1.e. Florida. .rH F'ERTILIZE t HOUSE OH FLORIDA.

Farmer aid Trucker plot was at the rate of 86 i bushels Florida Experiment Station Farm the freeze.
i per acre. The cost of fertilizers, ex- In a personal examination last I predict that the proven hardinessof I
Kainit for Irish Potatoes. 'clusive of freight, was kainit/$i 1 per ,March of the land used 'for experi- 'these pretty little trees will make a }
The following is from a Mississippi ton; S. C. dissolved bone, $13.30 per ,ments, I was amazed to find that the. regular boom in orange growing
'I letter in the American Cultivator: ton. The cost per acre as applied in experiments were conducted.on about throughout this section. I, for one, t
; For a Ion time we used wood ashes this experiment was $7.10. The in. the poorest sand hills or.slopes that can shall experiment with the mandarin ':
alone, as a substitute for the animal creased yield caused by the use of fertilizers be found in the State. It seems to me and other .oranges ,on the trifoliata
manures, and with good results, but was at the rate of 161 Vz bush- that about all the elements of fertilityhad stock, for it is well known that it is J
the supply of ashes running short we : els per acre, which at 40 cents per to be applied artificially to.the' the trifoliata stock. on which the sat-
were obliged to hunt either a substi--I bushel per acre, amounts to the.sum.of soil.. Not only this, but the uneven suma is budded that gives it its sturdy,
tute or go back to the manure. The $564.53 leaving a net profit of $57.- surface was the cause of much loss of, cold-resisting qualities, as when it .-is
substitute was found in kainit,of which 4373 per.acre-. less the increased laborrequired fertilizer. and labor, and was .acont: nr grafted 'or 'budded on sour stock it
1 we have applied high as 500 poundsper to taKe care of the.increasingcrop. ual drain upon me resoucesOI the .in- does'not stand the'cold as .
acre in conjunction with, cottonseed stitution. the common sweet:,seedlings.
i meal and bone dust. For potatoes "WithJ. M. White, New Brunswick There is plenty of'good land near Strawberry growers in general are
we have found the above mixture N. J., the net profit per acre Lake,City and I think the State should rejoicing over the freeze,.as they were
f far superior, in our light, sandy loam, from the use of muriate of potash was undertake to teach scientific agriculture fearing that the warm days would
J j to stable manure. For,some time past $13.20; from kainit 1677. At the under more favorable conditions, start the vines blooming too early, but
j it has been a mooted question as to North Carolina station, kainit alone rather than discourage the pupils by now everything bids fair for an excel-
1 which of the potash salts, the muriateor yielded' a profit of $9.30 from an in- failure, due to the poverty of the soil lent crop of strawberries, ripening just
the purer, and consequently more vestment of $2.80 in the present location.To at the right time for the 1895 shipping.
expensive, higher grade,sulphate. The encourage intelligent and profi- Fruit trees are all looking fine, so
objection is on account of the larger Editor Farmer and Alfalfa.Fruit-Grower : ._, ,table farming; would it not be wiser to that aside from the damage done the
quantity of chlorine contained in the Please send me the name of a good demonstrate, what can be done in truck gardens there has been no appreciable -
muriate and other weaker salts, as kai--, reliable dealer in alfalfa seed, also information favorable localities rather than to tea'chwhat injury done this 'part of the
nit, sylvinit, etc., said chlorine being i as to the. time of planting, I to avoid by wasteful expenditurein State. As small truck was mostly
said to act injuriously by producing cultivation, kind of soil required, and an unsuitable location ? killed all over the South, truck farmi i
watery, soggy tubers. Whether the in fact, everything pertaining to the Our'State needs producers and our ers will realize about the same profits I
chlorine is wholly to blame in this successful growing of same. agricultural college should demon. from the crops now going, in as ,theyI I
I '_ matter or not, the fact remains the Stamps for answer by letter enclosed.; strate that the soil,can be cultivated would from the earlier ones.-South
same, viz.: as good, firm and mealy ,A. A. HELM. profitably, which can not be done under ern Florist.
I potatoes as were ever dug out ot the I Harwood, Fla. the present adverse situation of the +.. ,
obtain alfalfa Pensacola News. Honey Cheaper Than Butter..
ground were fertilized exclusively with I You can probably State farm.-
kainit. Experienced potato raisers seed from H. G. Hastings & ,Co., In- .... A bee keeper in Florida lately told
state that they can detect no differencein terlachen, Fla. The Freeze in Louisiana the writer that he could produce a gal-
quality of tuber, whether the muri- The greatest difficulty with alfalfain While much damage was done to lon of honey at less cost than,he could
ate or the higher-priced sulphate be the Florida seems to be to get the seed the small truck farmers in this portionof produce a pound butter when he
agent employed. Of one fact we are germinate in our light, sandy soil. Louisiana, we have also learned lived in Massachusetts, counting his
certain, which is that in certain soils It should be plowed deep, well firmed some valuable lessons. According to labor at the same price there as' he
and unpropitious seasons quite a con by harrowing to fill up all hollow the weather reports, the thermometerfell earned when here. 'We suspectedthat
siderable portion of the crop will bewatery places and air spaces and render it ten,degrees lower at Tampa, Flor- he exaggerated a little, but his
__ where __:&1..__ 1..1 .....,1 .1,. ... rolld. Tf 9Y\.ht; hA ida, than at New Orleans, and, about figures proved that he was not far out
waxy or soggy mum.rchlorine 1CVCI, rtllVi -it 111 1 1 Itj\* . .
nor potash in any form have well to roll l both before and after sowing I two degrees lower In the vicinity ot ot the way in his TT says
ever been artificially applied. Even if the seed-after sowing, at any Hammond, than at New Orleans that he can leave his bees for at least
chlorine has this effect,it may be wholly rate. Choose a moist spell of weather, Crops on low land suffered the throe months in a year without goingnear
obviated by applying the potash salt in if possible. It is difficult to keep most, while 'those on higher and apparently them, but they produce just as
the fall instead ot the spring. We sub- sandy soil moist long enough to insure more exposed ground escaped much every year as if he-visited them
join an experiment on potatoes con the germination the seed, which is with but little injury. Common every day during the time.-American .
ducted by D. D. Johnson, agriculturist not rapid. sweet oranges, as is usually the case Cultivator.
at the West Virginia Experiment Autumn is probably the best season when a hard freeze comes, were bad- I ..., ,
Station in 1892: of the year for sowing. The plantsare ly cut down, but the satsuma or The Crescent City News states that
"To plot No. 5 no fertilizers what- small and weak for some time, oonshiu oranges came through 'almost Mr. Henry G Hubbard is preparing a
ever were applied. 'To plot No. 3 and when coming up in the spring unscathed, no injury being done except new and enlarged edition of his valu-
fertilizers were applied at the rate of they are liable to be overshadowedand .where, they stood in very low and able work'Insects Affecting the Or
800 pounds of kainit and 400'poundsof choked out by weed Duringthe exposed places, or where the trees ange." It is hoped that the Depart-
S. C. dissolved bone per acre. The winter they would have a better had begun putting out new leaves ment will have it ready. for. distribution -
yield of potatoes for the unfertilizedr chance. during the very warm days preceding this year;

...,. --.. -
.-. -- .... . .
-- ---- -

r -.. I -
,_ -- ,
',- -



r ..

tween cut bone and ground bone.
The one is ground while the other is ,
cut with knives. Then bone
Edited by 8. 8. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. green
'" - ........ -.... -"", contains also adhering meat and combines APOPKA FLORIDA.
Points. flesh and bone forming elements
of the Press.
which make the complete chick. Opinion
Fowls swallow their food brokenor
Ground bone becomes hard and brit- The Vice-President of the Florida Poultry As
not, and it enters the crop or first sociation and editor of the South Florida Home
tle, having lost the natural solvents by
makes the following comments on the exhibitat
stomach and remains in it until it
has evaporation ; but green bone is readily South Florida Fair:
become softened, more or less. Whena dissolved when eaten and is also the The next In order comes the Popular Poultry

,small quantity is given,just as grain most economical of all foods. A Farm, Apopka, S. S. DeLanoy, proprietor, with
one trio each of Langshans, Indian Games,
into it
mill is
forced into
runs a ,
pound of cut bone will be an excel White Leghorns and Black Minorcas-aud four
the gizzard among the grit. The gizzard lent allowance trios seldom \
for sixteen hens, or an better were seen. The Indian
is a strong, muscular stomach, ounce for each hen per day. This is Games were the best we have ever seen, and

and it is at work night and day, when cheaper than corn and has the advantage easily won the blue card, as did the White Leg-
t _=_ horns and Miuorcas. The Langshans ought to
,there is a grist to grind, similar to bellows of .
containing more egg-producing have had the first, but through an oversight o r
contractiag and expanding, and food than corn. A pound of bone will the Judge it was given top pair that were dis
thus forcing the grit into the grain and .
give as good results as four pounds of qualified.The
triturating the whole mass, alter whichit corn, but we,,do not infer that nothing -_ above coming from a breeder of experience -
is in suitable condition be -'- is worth the attention of all who contemplate
a to quickly -
but bones should be allowed. Give ..... the purchase of fowls or eggs.
digested. ..._ = "-' Send for
grain and green food, but make the stamp catalogue.
On the large establishments, where bone of the ration also.- .
green part
hundreds of ducks are raised, the prin- Breeders' Gazette. ,

cipal food for ducks is cooked turnips, .

with a small proportion of ground
To Prevent Hens
grain. Ducks and 'turnips are adjuncts Scratching.

'to each other on the duck farms, Securing a handful of barley, I $100 DANDY BONE GUTTER.

for without turnips the ducks could soaked it in the strongest whiskey I .

not be made to lay so well. could buy in the country and plantedit. Sold for the low price of .

If the hens are confined in order to I then'went into the house and

protect the garden, they must have a watched, and in ,a few moments the TEN DOLLARS f. O. b.

daily supply of chopped grass. Too old Polled Holstein hen was digging It is strong and well-made, and easy operate. Has

much grain will cause them to become away at the drugged seeds. 'i .i automatic feed.
I called all of the members of CIRCULARS PREN.
overfat, and fewer eggs will be ob- my

, tained. The best egg-producing foodis' family to see the fun and it wasn't r, A.. J. ALDKICH, Agent for Florida,
long before it began. After eating Box 40IJ: Orlando, Florida
lean meat. _. ._. ,__..
The eggshell is porous, and whenever about half the seed that had been -. u- I

it comes in contact with filth of planted, the old cackler became un- whiskey and let the sparrows gorge industry. The crop on one of the

any kind the quality of the egg is very steady and would pick two or three themselves with it. They will soon late Bradish Johnson's Plaqueminesgroves

quickly injured, says the American times at one of the grains. Then she become so drunk that they can easilybe Orange Farm, has several
. would stand off little and with times sold for than the
Cultivator Eggs for hatching oughtto a a' destroyed., -Southern Planter. a larger figure

be washed in warm, or at'least tepid side-way look seem to ,wonder what one' mentioned above-at one time

'," water before being set. This removes was the matter with her aim or that More disease Disease is in Winter.into flocks having sold for $45,000, and another.

. obstructions that may have closed the grain of barley: Then she would try fowls brought than from other for$30,ooo and $3 5,000.--Sugar Bowl.
by purchasing
_._ __ ._
again and after several efforts -
pores of the egg. Whenever an egg i would causes, as but few are able to properly Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
broken in the nest the thorough I get it. Then she seemed to imaginethat inform themselves of the condition of Most Perfect Made.
washing of all the remaining the row the seeds were planted in
eggs the purchased stock Roup be
should be attended to at once. If the was about three feet 'high and she in a neighbor's flock and may not Many acres of watermelons will ,be 1
would make ''a motion when scratch- present this In the
albumen 'remains over the eggshelleven make its manifest and whereit grown Rocky
ing as though she were trying to presence Point and Wacahoota neighborhoodsthere I
a short time after the germ has step has once appeared even with but ,
started into life the egg will quicklybe over the garden fence. In about halfan few sick ones the, number thereis will be no less than 100 acres ;

addled. Chicks in the shell need hour she was reeling around the sure to arrive among a time when it will of melons planted for shipment. E.

the air which comes to them through garden with the biggest jag on that spread. The ground becomes con- Leybourne will plant about sixty acres

their covering. If the broken is you ever saw and evidently looking of cantaloupes.-Gainesville Sun.
egg taminated, the germs of the diseaseare
smeared over an which contains for Ashland or some other Keeley in I
egg a communicated to all, a gradual development tta .. ,

living chick the, latter quickly dies.' stitution. is resulting, and when the HATCH CHICKENS BY STEAM /
Well she the drunkest old hen
Old barrels be utilized for making was
may birds\are brought and given a changeof I WITH THE MODEL ,
I admirable nests for turkeys. that ever tried to walk on wings, andI the It EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR. ''t
quarters roup may appear. *
Knock out both heads with the really felt sorry for her. She seemedto Thousands In Sue. 1
exception will then soon spread to the new flock, ,, cefesfuIOperation.!
want to tell her distress to her biped l l
of ,one-third of each. Sink the SIMPLE PERFECT,and
and the farmer will have the work of I_ "" SELE.REGULATING, I
barrel in the ground on its side nearlyas cousins and sisters, but shecouldn't battling to save a lot of sick fowls instead .. '. ','',,", Guaranteed to hatch of a ,I

deep as the portions of the heads cackle for hiccoughing and of enjoying the profits from a I r .. ? fertile larger eggs percentage,at less cost, 1
Lowest priced II ** than other Incubator.
left in. Fill the barrel nearly even ran right'against me thinking I was a healthy flock. To avoid disease First class I Send any 60.for lllu .Catalog. :
Hatcher made. II Circulars ,
with the head pieces left in with dirt ; tree. I doused her in a horse-trough, raise, your own fowls and never buy GEO. ll.8TAIIf.114toiaa8.UhMt..Qulncy.Ill.FINE Free .

round out in the center to nest shape, which sobered her up, and directedher one from elsewhere if it can be avoid
in sufficient fine wilted the way home and it is hardly FOWLS
put : grass ; ed. It is the only sure way to add
cover the barrel with brush so as to necessary to say she went there the vigor and stamina to the flock. It is Catalog
hide it and keep it from blow- most humiliated old hen in Caroline.She '4 fow 111.Contains to pape!7xlO over 40 fine
partially ? of course necessary to add new blood, illustrations rein-1 hlij
' This is ideal for never came back any more, and etlleli for all poul-LUf? PRICES s
an nest
ing away. but it must be done by the use of care try ailments. A valuable book for all.
turkey hens and they soon find it and my neighbors say she was ostracisedby (Set one before hll rlnll. i'ostp'd. onlyfio.Iloworn ,
and in endeavoring to secure only Jc Ititrr, Itox: 23l J ; .
the other fowls and that for
take to it readily. sev-
very healthy birds. Mirror and Far-
Poultry raisers are now eral days she spent the time in a dark mer. PACE CATALOGUEAND

ground cut bone in large quantitiesas corner apparently trying to get the >-.-. GUIDE to Poultry ZUlsers for 1895.
Contains ISO fine illustrations i I show.
a feed for hens, and with most ex- tacks out of her mouth. LARGE" ORANGE SALE.-A San in;; n photo of the Urgent hennery in the
west Given best plunsfi. r poultry boners,
cellent results. Green bone is not BILL GOSSETTE. Francisco dispatch of recent date says : euro remixl lemma recipes for nil dJHenppR,

only soluble, but is food. It contains Whilst the foregoing receipt may 11 E. J. Baldwin has closed a con- r .r1 mill also.. tlowrr\valuable garden information pent f on the''y 10 kitchen cp"'tn,
r f, """ F n P ,
Buc J IU
? 31rreT"
lime for the shell of the egg, nitrogenfor not be an absolute cure for all scratch- tract with the Earl Fruit Company of .. --

the white, a'proportion of oil and ing hens, we do know it to be an ex- Los Angeles, for his crop of orangeson THE IMPROVED

fat, and also serves as a grit. Thereis cellent way to deal with that little the Santa Anita ranch, estimatedat aaa.. VICTOR

nothing which can approach it as pest the English sparrow, which, when 130 carloads. Mr. Baldwin will :

food for poultry so far as a combina- in flocks large enough, can almost destroy receive for the crop about $30,000. INCUBATOR

tion of excellent materials for egg formation as many newly sown garden This probably is the largest orange Hatches Chickens by Bteam.

is concerned. Bear in mind, seeds as a few scratching hens. sale ever made by a single grower." Tho Absolutely simplest Belf-revulatinff., most reliable

though we also recommend ground Sprinkle on the seed beds a handfulor We are sorry our California' friendsdo (logue ata In sad the cheapest market.Bret Circulars-cures Hatcher free.

bone, there is quite a difference be two of wheat well soaked in strong not know the extent of the orange 4cetts. GWO. lillTliL,&CO., Qulncr, lib

'.0.--- .. --- -- :-...: ---,-- ,.._-.. ------------.---.-.---- .--. .-. '------,. __ .__._ __ = _-= 4



Randcroft, a Florida Home. Awarded
State News. Our Rural Home.
The ground plan of the Florida
Highest Honors-World's Fair,
home chosen to illustrate our third
It will be useless for others to plant Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, article on this subject is like that of DR.:
seeds this for the St. Thomas. Fla. i, Waitabit in
melon year, gardeners --.... published December.
in and about Malabar intend rais- Talk on Every Day Topics-3. Here also is the central room or hall,
ing sufficient to supply all the marketsof [Continued From Last Week.] with a room at either side. In this

the United States and Canada.- I, DEAR MADAM:-It affords me great case the house faces to the east, and

Titusville Star. pleasure to read your articles in Our has in front of the hall a roomy por-

One hundred and eighty barrels of ,Rural Homeand, I have silently agreed tico, really an Italian loggia, partly recessed -

Hebron potatoes and fertilizers have with your views for so long that I feel i and partly projected from the CREAM
come at the Gillet wharf for the like expressing my appreciation of your 'line of the house. This gives its occupants -

Lemon Company, who have a potato good, work. a chance to get out' into the

cutting machine with a capacity of What you say about not letting our air currents or to retire from them at ;

twenty-five barrels a day.-Manatee household burdens bury us, body and will. It is screened by wire netting, BAKINGr

Advocate.In soul, is the best advice offered American as also is the case with the veranda on

our capacity of notary public we housewives, and I, for one, thinkit the west. The inner doors and win POWDER :

have recently witnessed and placedour a duty, not only to myself, but to dows opening into the portico and 2
husband and children, to leave the veranda are therefore unprovided with
seal upon a number of deeds con-
veying property upon the peninsula at kitchen some times, even if it is not in screens and may be left open at-pleas MOST PERFECT
Halifax which we conceive to mean the order I should wish to see it, had I ure. The "den" at the rear of the pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free

that Daytona may soon have a rival a servant to straighten up things. hall lies in the axis of the,house northor from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant,

in beauty upon the opposite side of Thus writes one of our valued cor- south as well as east and west, and 40 YEARS THE STANDARD.

the river. In fact Col. Post, at whose respondents. Such appreciative wordsas when its doors and windows are openas not.screened; its use would,be to,keep
the above enliven one's they usually are-is a "breezeway" -
called wit- ,courage
were to
request we upon off the early sun in the long summer
the deeds assures us that Day- when in danger of fainting by the indeed. .
ness mornings, and to enable one to geta,
If mite be addedto It will be noticed that the other
tona and Halifax, or the spot on which wayside. my may little more into the southerly breezesin
lines and columns written rooms are also arranged for
the through
Daytona is located and the peninsula by the afternoon. The balcony shouldbe
those who love their fellow drafts. The parlor has a window five
opposite, are the prettiest locality in on the west side of the chamber,; it
what desire ? feet wide to the rear veranda. Its south
News. more can one Truly
the State.-Daytona
should .be entirely screened by a high
thankful am I that now and then I windows and wide doorway to the hall
We will all have to get down to cot- balustrade and wire netting; and its
word that provide for air in those directions.The .
can say a helps some one
Farmers can'tmake chief would be to from the
ton again. saye: uses protect, :
of little dilemma in and dining-room and the kitchen have
out a a new:
but I afternoon and to the '
anything planting cotton, sun, open room
thinly settled country, where neigh-' equal advantages, by means partly of
look at it different. We can buyas by a wide doorway to the outside air.
bors and friends are few and the col-- the breezeway that lies between them.
much with hundred of Summer in Florida
a pounds nights .are always ,
of and house- The kitchen has a gasolene stove and
umns our agricultural ,
cotton now as we could eight years : cool enough for refreshing sleep if one -
hold often scanned thus heat is avoided there.A .
are to meet
ago.Ye could get 6 cents a poundi can get enough of the outer air. Cross
But if the housewife few steps descend from the breeze-
i the seed then and pay $7 and $S some emergency' -- drafts and large doors and windowsare
here has discouragements, she way to a lattice-screened space for
a barrel for flour. You see 'now we. necessary for this purpose. The
has Is her washing or other uses beyond which
compensations. housekeeping ,
and flourat chamber in is well
to cents buy question already
can ,
get 3z 4
of character? So is. the wood-room in the base ,of the
a primitive
$3.50 ,to $4 a barrel, and everythingelse provided in this respect, but it is
much the she tower a 2,5oo-gallon cistern being at
more easily may accom- ,
in proportion, so you see that thought that an outside door, openingon
the tasks before her usually the and an "Irrigator" windmill.
plish set ( top
in still
would let
ii beats
eight years ago. Suppose we a balcony more
tries The intermediate story has store-
unless she do what a
) can-
" try cotton !-Palatka Times.It ; air, and give a convenient cool placeat
not be done, make a finished and ele- room or chamber as needed.
night for a restful hour or even for
feared that the ,
was orange gant interior to the rude dwelling in There are four chambers in the
hammock or couch.-The Irrigator.
were killed to the ground. The sap was the woods; entertain her guests in the house, one over each of the rooms be .* .
k up in many of '''them, and"ll showed same style she is entertained when low, with good closets and a bath room. Effect of the Hard Times on Farmers. -

much damage. But the cloudy visiting them in the city; and allow Objection is sometimes made to the in- .
weather and the slow rain since has herself to become dissatisfied with her troduction of water to Florida houses.In Are the farmers of the country de-

changed them wonderfully for the surroundings.Of this house all the usual fixtures'have clining ,socially and intellectually as

better. Trees that seem killed to the course every refined woman been introduced. The drainage is con- well as financially ? I had supposedthe

ground, as shown by the condition of knows various ways to brighten the veyed to a cemented brick cesspool in contrary to be the case, but a recent -

the bark-Head-colored and loose on humble pioneer home at very little ex- the rear of the lot, from which there is conversation with a literary gen-

the wood-now have changed to, a pense; if her means are narrowed an overflow through an elbow into a tleman who had recently made a trip

natural color, and the bark has at- down to the very few dollars she can cistern provided with a.pump by means through. the. agricultural... counties.. of
tached itself 'This'process -
to the wood again. afford for this purpose. And if she of which clear sewage is utilized as a Indiana and Illinois gives me a cu tler-

'is extending up the tree by de- can afford no money, let her counte fertilizer. ent impression."I .

grees. It seems now that this weather nance not become gloomy, her 'manner The,chimneys are large, built outside was astonished," he said, "at the
will save them. There is no fear now morose. She has plenty of com the walls to save room inside, deplorable condition of the farmers'
at all for the trees that were not bud- and houses and their Therewas
: pany just now-we are "all in the and have fire places flues of am. premises.
bing out, but most :of them in this same boat." pIe capacity. The flues have double a general air of shiftlessness and

section were budding.-Hawthorne If determined on living in more walls of brick-a good safeguard thriftlessness, or perhaps of hopelessness -

item in TimesUnion.Mr. luxurious style, as in prosperous timesin where the fuel is southern pine. about the door yard of the aver-

R. F. Willis was very proud of I other places, perhaps-when. the The house stands five feet above the age farmer that was very depressing.
his thrifty lemon grove until the I freeze farmer or fruit grower was probably natural grade ; the space under the Houses that were once quite preten-

and since the full force of that cata- engaged in some very different em- house was excavated two feet and a tious, with front yards planted in ev-

strophe has been ascertained he is ployment-what will be the result,? I half more and the earth thrown chieflyto ergreens, generally .in straight rows,

more proud of it than ever. Althoughthe can say it in a few words : First, a the front. By this means the flooris and fancy gates and,fences, had fallen

location was not a specially pro- mortgage ,: second. ,, failure.-- How always\ kept dry and well aired, into decay; the trees had gone un-
tected one, half of the trees are put- quickly one follows after another in while the front approach is not stilted. pruned, horses, cattle and hogs wan-

ting out in good shape. Many although such cases. Mortgages are all right The space under the house, easily dered about destroying the shrubberyand

badly split show a healthy for legitimate purposes, and often reached from the half-shelter, while the trees that the enterprisingagent

connection through some portion of quite necessary in, business;'but sim not,,exactly a cellar has been found had put in at five times their

the bark and are going to survive. ply in order to keep up appearances, very useful, and is never otherwise proper price'; the walks were over-
Those which put out below the bud borrowed money is a delusion and a than dry. grown and the gates were off their

will be budded to grapefruit. He snare. Is it not better to live plainly, After living in this house two years, hinges. I had occasion to enter some

finds that the French lemon stock put on the table substantial food, fur- including all of one summer, its occu- of the houses, and the conditions I

stood much better than the sour or- nish the house with cheap, or 'even pants suggest two things which might had noticed without were only empha-

ange. Although several miles of homemade, furniture,' dress inexpensively add to its comfort as a summer resi- sized within. There were no books:

hammock lie between Mr. Willis' and feel independent of the dence. They would like a veranda to and papers, and nothing ,new in the

grove and the river, he informs us money lender ? M. G. M. the front of the present portico, alid a way of pictures, furniture or musical

that 250 acres are in cultivation ad- .. .. balcony opening out of the chamberover instruments. We know this, here' in
joining him on the north.-Braiden- Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder the parlor. The veranda shouldbe Chicago the biggest market for mu-

town Journal World's'Pair Highest Award.. semi-circular with round columns, sical instruments and furniture in the




------------- -----

store can supply the place of a weekly An Immense stock of

r"1 chat with the best minds among the I WE E HAVE E HEALTHY POT-GROWN'Guavas, Eugenlas,

lJIe successful farmers of the land.Country Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans,
i ,, I II Gentleman. Magnolia Fuscata, and thousands of other
desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to,all parts of Florida. Write
A Rule of,Health. for our prices. *

I 1 1I "If my daughter were going to P. J. BEKCIOIANS
!foUt Europe to spend a year without her FnUITI.AND NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgia.

family," said a wise mother the other

day, "and I were to give her a brief Orange Trees !
i Joi"a I II rule as a guide to health, it would be

this, keep your chin in." This seemed

unintelligible until she elaborated. Lemon Trees !
I lilf' I and showed the effects of such an ob- .
ate servance. She said : "To keep the

chin in means to keep it well drawn

i and your muscles sore from = back horizontally. That causes what The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.

cold or rheumatism when physical culturists, call a lifted chestor
i you
a live chest. A lifted chest insures _

slip and sprain a joint, strain deep and full breathing, and hence I have on,hand.the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va-
your side or bruise yourself, pure blood and perfect circulation. rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from five f
i Pain-Killer will take out the Perfect circulation is the greatest safe- to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at I
hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.
i soreness and fix you right guard against contagion, and it pre- I

i in a jiffy. Always have, it vents chilliness, the forerunner of Write for prices.
M. E. GILLETT, Prop.,
colds. A lifted chest also throws the
with ,you, and use it freely. Weirsdale Fla.
The quantity has been whole body into a graceful poise. The
abdomen recedes the thumbs fall into
doubled, but the price remains .
The Wails of Calamity Howlers.
place by the side, the weight of the METAL
the same. Prepared only byE The loss of the and -
body falls upon the ball of the foot instead orange vegetable
PERRY DAVIS &: SON. Providence, R.I. of Florida has turned looseon WHEEL
-- -- of the heel, and the shoulder crops
--- --- the 'public lot of ne'erdowellswho i
-- -- blades flatten. These effects are pro- your
-- -- are, by their asking for aid in the
: = duced when standing or walking.
;., I --- There are also effects in sitting. A public prints, doing the State of Flor- WAGONS.IVA ,

lifted chest then insures straight ida more damage than was sustainedby Any size yon want,20
a to 66 in.high. Tires 1
ITiJiJ.Ji1'Ieri backbone with the end of spine againstthe the freeze. Half of what they say to 8 mwide-hubs to __-_ -

back of chair, instead of a curved is not true, as there is no need for' suffering fit Cost any many axle. times Saves in -

spine which women assume if they will only go to work and a season to have set
many _
of low wheels to'fit
immiimmiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiijiiiiiiimmiiiiiini while sitting. The habit of retaininga try and help themselves.No your wagon for hauling
State in the Union has so many gram, fodder manure
lifted chest is formed
easily -
pro- bogs Arc. No resetting:of
advantages as Florida, and no State tires Oatl'gfree. Address
vided the is loose.
clothing reasonably
that there has been -
country, practi- EMPIRE MFG. CO.,
can so quickly recuperate from the
-Prairie ,Farmer.
sales the farmers in these = _
cally no to QulncyHI. -
.. :
-- loss sustained by this freeze. It may .
lines for the past'two years-r-and very A Taokey Party. ---
be true that the orange trees are
little of agricultural machinery for that Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Byers gave a killed, but oranges are only one of a

, matter. their residence No. dozen which be
f tackey party at things can producedwith
The low price of farm producehas 404 North Hayne street, last night i in profit.-Industrial American.
prevented the farmer from buying honor of their niece Miss \ 1
;: Myrtle Gig- .
Reward $100. '
beyond his bare necessities for cloth- w L. 'w.-1 ttif4S dR +'11./f
ley,of Grafton, West Virginia.The The reader of this paper will be pleasedto
and And he has in "A CONDITION NOT A THEORY"confronts
ing supplies. a
hall was brilliantly lighted, learn that there is at least one dreaded
great many cases made the great mis- the parlor which was reserved for disease that science has been able to cure the searcher;; for elasticity who
takes of shutting down on his magazines dancing was one of the features of the in all its stages, and that is Catarrh. gathers runs up himself against together The Page again fence.he ponders As he
and papers. Just as soon as the Hall's Catarrh Cure'is the only positivecure not over"the mistakes of Moses," but his own.
evening, which was tackey-in every known to the medical fraternity. lie thought because It had proved a myth in
farmer stops his paper he shuts: off of the word. Soap boxes and other cases It might in this. The. success of
sense Catarrh being a constitutional ,
communication with the outside world The Page has induced the makers of soft
rough pine board benches, covered requires a constitutional treatment. Hall's wire fences to claim boundless elasticity in
and deteriorates into the savage.' It with oilcloth, afforded seats for the Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting carefully every little stowed"hump"away or at twist the, or end perhaps of the Is F
isn't so much that he stands in mater- The floor was elegant in nat- directly on the blood and mucous surfacesof "Live fences" in the sense that a snake lives
ial financial need of this or that .information guests. the system, thereby destroying the as long as its tail "wiggles."
ural pine. The souvenirs of the even- foundation of the disease, and giving the PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, Mich.
he does and
perhaps perhapshe ing were peanuts (Georgia goobers). patient strength by building up the con-
does not; it is a matter of a few Dancing, games and singing afforded stitution and assisting nature in doing W.
dollars one way or the other. But his amusement for all.Refreshments its work. The proprietors have so much L. DOUGLAS
I mind and the minds of his family served duringthe faith in its curative powers that they IS BEST.
stand in need of the intellectual, stimulus were offer One Hundred Dollars for any case\ S3 SHOE FIT FOR AKING..
that is evening, consisting of cakes, hard- that it fails to cure. Send for list of tes $ s. CORDOVAN;
which the weekly a
paper tack, peanuts and candy. It was a timonials. .:fiiF[ '\. FRENCH&CNAMELLEO CALF.
first class one, provides. Without it most enjoyable affair. Pensacola Address E. J. CHENEY & CO., :;'ifj'If\\h i:,'. \','i"/: ;4.$3 SP FINE CALF&KANGAROU, "".
lil'li' !\jii/1 I .
he returns to the village store and his News. Toledo, O. ",, !I, "!J.":! $3.50- POLICE,SOLES,
circle for in- BP"Sold by Druggists, 75c. 'lIn,;
wife to the sewing gossip ,\ \::' ;.i l'. '" 50I2.... WORKINGMEN'S
formation. He takes refuge in his Dr. J. M. Bratt, of Estero Island, 'Resurgam' is written upon everv ...,"\... ,./' ., $ !: ..
own ignorance, begins to deride all proposes to try the experiment of canning drooping leaf of our pineapple plants," ''i1' *2.I7.PBOYS'SCHOOLSHOES.LADIES .

culture and intellectual progress, takes tomatoes this spring, and will in- the poet editor of the Pabor Lake .....:JJ,.'": .
I says :
,, 50$24:175
his boy out of school and turns the duce other large tomato growers on Pineapple. :<: :.,;;.: $3.$ ;I:DONGOl A

hogs into his door-yard. If we do the coast to join him, after the season ---- -" -'. .,>SEND FOR E 'CATALOGUEIjROCK'rOHT'1895. _

not soon have an improvement in our for paying shipments is over, in send- 'W.l..COUGLAS.: .'

agricultural conditions, I believe that ing enough fruit to .he Gardner can- ,STAHL'S EXCELSIOR ; Over One Million People wear the

, the country as a whole will make a ning factory here to put up several '\"\,',.,,'.\,,"\!![,''\!\I'rW'.!:I.. Spraying Outfits' W. L. Douglas $3 & $4 ShoesAll
I retrograde movement in civilization thousand cases of tomatoes. If this .'""""'',Sf'f'I. kill nsectsb prevent our shoes are equally satisfactoryThey

I that it will take a whole generation to experiment proves a success steps will h,,r. .'" il:;f'; and wormy fruit. give the best value for the money.
equal custom shoes In style and fit.
be taken to put up a canning factoryon t j 'fi' Insure a heavy, They
overcome. Their wearing qualities are unsurpassed.
loadsof .,' ,\, "":'- yield.of all uniform,...stamped
Car 'JIU' The prices are on sole.
I .Now how far my friend was right I the coast next season. -I, fruit andvegetable, From $1 to $3 saved over other makes.If .
leave you to judge. I give his con- canned tomatoes are 'brought into crops.Thousands. ,, your dealer cannot supply you we can.
clusions as those of a man of intelli-- Florida, and the Doctor rightly argues '

gence and obsevation, and I will only that these goods can be put up at t ,a Send In use.6 cts.,, ,PURE ESSEX PIGS.

add the suggestion that if any of our home, and this gives employment to t qI for catal'g full,
and the time 1r. -" fir and Best for the South. Bred on the Florida bor
readers are proposing to economize by many people at same 1 : I .. t treatise on,
market for all the tomatoes ,/' spraying. der. Address,
cutting off their subscriptions they furnishing a ''C"ircMarree.Adilre8a? ? ,
would do well to pause before doingso that can be grown.Tropical "VII.I.IA1U HTAIIL, IVINVY, ILL.AAAAJAA. ROSELAND PLANTATION,

:; and consider whether the: village News. | Bainbridge, Ga.THE .

.------- .' ,, '.,- -'. T

.41C."Yi.PYktiC'Y WYMYrMW 1YYL- y.. ..- +rr.r nu ..r.: rrrr +e:+aran.wiYRrw




TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION COMBINATION. orange grove. But he has probably years ago, when in 1789, according to
Por One Year .....................It........82.00For
Six Months...... .................. ..... i.oo regained his health in the meantimeand C. P. Johnson, an orange tree near
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 A Rare Offer. it is cheap at the price. Nice which was so large that two men
IST'Subscriptions in all cases cash in Suppose he abandons his could scarcely embrace its trunk was
advance. No discount allowed on one's For $3.25 we will send THE FARMER grove
leaving it to a tenant to taxes-and killed by the intense cold of that win-
subscription in club) but to I pay
own (except a AND FRUIT GROWER and the Cosmopolitan -
all agents a liberal cash commission will keep up repairs with as little outlay as ter.
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby :Magazine one year. possible. and finally sells it for a song. .

them. Write for terms. For $2.75 we will send. our paper A newcomer, also seeking a restor- To Restore the Trees.
subscriber will send
postpaid To every, a new copy of Whitner's we "Garden-, and the Rural New Yorker one ation of health, purchases it and in If the Hawthorne correspondent of ,

ing in Florida." For two new sub- three or four years; with a moderate the Times-Union is correct, the or- .
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, year.For outlay, has a bearing grove which, ange trees of Florida are about to afford I
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange $2.75 we will send our paper with good management will be worth the world another addition to the I

Culture.Rates of" advertising on application. and the Weekly New York Worldor far more than it cost'him.The many surprises they have furnished. ,

Remittances should be made by check, New York Tribune one year. glamor and the romance of It is difficult to believe his statement, I

.. postal note money order or registered To a club of ten subscribers, at orange culture in a semi-tropical land namely, that bark on the trunks, discolored -
L letter to order of will never die. The American people and apparently dead, is, in
each will send eleven
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWBR.Jaoksonvllle $1.25 a year we
Fla. will always continue to turn to it as a many cases, resuming a healthy color
copies of THE FARMER AND FRUIT- resource when driven to seek Floridafor and readhering to the wood as the sap I

I NOTICE GROWER, the Cosmopolitan at $1.25, their health.In rises. I

j or either of the three weeklies at 60 the ,six weeks since the Decem- In any event, unless the tree is completely I

If you receive a copy of this cents each. Thus $3.10 buys two ber freeze THE FARMER AND FRUIT girdled with bark which is

paper which you did not order, standard weeklies and GROWER has received more new Nor- brown through its entire thickness and'I'I'1
consider it an invitation to sub- a grand maga- thern subscribers and requests for emits a sour smell, it is best to I

scribe. If you do not want it, zine for one year. sample copies than it did in twelve alone and await developments. If the )

kindly hand it to a neighbor. To a club of five, at $1.50 each, we weeks before tile freeze. It has re- tree finally must be cut down, and is
ceived advertisements a large one let it be cut off close to I
d will send five copies of our paper, the more offering ,
dI I CONTENTS. either of Northern property in exchange for the ground. The sprouts which springup
Cosmopolitan $1.25, or
orange groves than it did in a year all around it can be gathered and
1 THE STATE--An Apiarist's Visit to Florida; the three weeklies each.
at 60 cents
soabove the
Notes on Florida; Spraying Tall Trees .. '9 before. tied together two or ,,
GROVE AND ORCHARD-The Orange County In, this offer $3.35 buys two weeklies ground, and they will unite into one.
of West Florida Tho Lottery of Fruit Understand us distinctly ; :we do
Culture.... .........;... .... ............ 108 and a great magazine.The not lay down.,the proposition that or trunk, and in a few years it will pre-.
Tillage vs. Rest In Fruit Culture; Cultiva-
tion of Orchards.... ....... ...... 101 clubs need not be confined to ange culture is a losing venture finan- sent an unbroken surface, enclosing;
THE.VINEYARD-Notes on Grape Culture No. the old in the center. The latter -
e 2............ ............ ................... 101 to date.Ve cially, to be balanced by regained stump
one postoffice or one I
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Kainit for Irish Potatoes health. Not by any means. Thereare should be trimmed up conical, so'
; Alfalfa; Florida Experiment Station will give you a month in which to that the shoots can. conveniently :
: Farm; The Freeze in Louisiana. .... 102 hundreds of people who have young ,
POULTRY-Points To Prevent Hens from make club. But the number enclose it.
j a else of it and
up anything out
never got ,
Scratching; Diseases in Winter.......... 104 it Le
OUR RURAL HOME-Talk On Every Day mentioned in each must be secured there will continue to be hundreds Where the tree is smaller may
Topics; Randcroft, a Florida Home; Effect best to save only one shoot, and in
......... who never will. ,
of the Hard Times on Farmers 104 and the money sent before we can
A Rule of Health; A Tackey Party..... ... 105JDITORIALIOo0 this case it is well to leave several feet
an Acre; Combination: ; give you the reduced rates. But strong business men who spendall i of the stub to tie to, for the shoot will
; We Belong to the United States; Northers; or an important of their ,time
j w'. .To Restore The Trees; Melons....... .. 106 It is needless to praise the publica- part be,rank and soft.
1> ':'" Conditions Outside of Florida;;Free Coinage in the State have generally made it a -
in Mexico; Markets; 'MatcH Gras....... 107" tions above named. They are simplythe marked Mr. B. Stetson In a previous issue we gave brief
success. John
The Situation in .Louisiana; Maintain the directions to
f ,. Orchard.................. .... ....... 108 foremost of the world in their respective for instance, stated to a (friend of the how gain one year by
', LIVE STOCK-Economy of the Jersey; Borax grafting instead of budding.
,; ., for Curing: Hams... ..... ............ ,.. 109 classes. writer that, of the dozen or more, or- .
11 ,\ Peanut Culture.... ....... ............... no ange groves he'has planted 'or bought --, .
... We Belong to the United States. after'he' has owned them long enoughto Melons.

:; ':.. Weather in Jacksonville. When Florida farmers are injured reduce:their management to his system Where the grower is prepared to

Ii' by 'excessive rain, or by drouth, theycan they have always paid him, and put in a crop right, cultivate and fertilize ,
'." J a a >...... -II! rI...: it becauseit
'" H q u S accept uncomplainingly, have been the most profitable property I l liberally and has favorable mark-
;" DATE. 00 i 00 Po :u3 a S H FFeb. a 4 =a haw proceeds out of their own proper he owns. I eting conditions, the watermelon_ crop

-. -5..-...-.... 45- 51- 56- 41- -IS 48- -0.00 climate. But when disaster overtakes And it is only men of abundant offers no mean inducements. The
Feb.,, 6 ........ 46 54 64 40 24 52 1'. them through an Arctic gale, originating means who should depend on orange absorbing devotion to oranges, has
Feb.. 8 7.. ................ 58 15 32 26 69 30 32 14 37 I6 22 So: 0.00,T.Feb. wholly without their territory, it is culture as a single crop. Men who robbed this State of the profits to whichit

Feb. 9.... ..... 21 37 42 19 23 30 0.00 unjust and aggravating to them to be require a sure income for the supportof is I entitled in melon culture, leaving
Feb. 10 ..... 30 47 54 2tl 26 41 0.00
1 Feb II...... ... 39 47 52 37 IS 44 0.10 taunted with their losses, or with the their .families should never build all them largely to be gathered in by
- foibles of their climate. It is not their their The earliest Florida melonsare
Mean .......36 42 5' 30 2:1: 4i .010 hopes on an orange grove. Georgia.
,:" Total rainfall. T. Trace.E. >-+-* not apt to encounter a very hearty
R. DEMAIN, Observer. own.But there is some consolation in the Northers. welcome in windy Chicago and other

",.'.. fact,that the same natural conditions The norther or blizzard of the United blizzard-swept interior cities ; but on 1 1!

,'f' Sl, )OO Per Acre. which link the peninsula inseparablyto States is analogous to the pampero of the warm seaboard they are seldom, I

; Mr. H. M. Stringfellow, the noted the continent in climate-link it alsoto South America and the north wind of if ever, too early in their arrival. Last |
king of Southern Texas has the continent in If Southern which
pear recently destiny. every Europe, variously year the few car-loads which reached *
made a sale which will prove bearing orange tree was frozen down called tramontana at Rome, mistral at New York first from this State were in ''

the value of a bearing and successfully within four feet of the ground, the Nice and gregale at Malta. A low barometric eager demand ; telegrams were received -:
grown orchard. He has sold his 100- people of the United States would pressure over the Gulf of Mex- even from Chicago and Cincinnati i

acre pear orchard at Hitchcock, Texas, take hold and build them up again. ico and a high pressure in Manitoba or offering to guarantee $400 a.',

to a Boston man for $1,000 per acre. Invalids must come to Florida for Alaska has the same effect as a low car for them, with a prospect of $500. f

Mr. Stringfellow is a pear crank, but their health and they will continue to pressure over the Mediterranean anda But the New York market was believed f I

.. if we had more such the world would do so while the world endures, for high pressure in -Russia-the cold to be better and so it proved. i

not be so short on fruit every year. He there is no tropical or semi-tropical air rushes violently down from the We earnestly admonish our readers i

f. has other younger orchards which were region on the globe, suitable for a north. not to do any halfway business in this ]I .
not included in the'sale. He will soon health resort at all-except Lower The cause of these destructive direction; not to rush into watermelonswith i
: visit the Pecos and if it suits and Madeira-which is of air be
Valley, Egypt not movements may sun-spots, or insufficient plowing and poor or j
I him he will probably engage..largely in liable to the visitation of these severe it,may be magnetic tension, or it may untried fertilizers, or compost lacking i

orchard-planting, making a specialty of northern winds. The people who be planetary conjunctions, or it may that stimulating warmth so necessary'
.; apples' and plums. His main reason come here for their own health or that be a combination of all three. All for this crop. Go into it in a. small'

for disposing of his grand pear orchardwas of some* member of their families must these causes have probably existed in way at first; study the subject well in

on account of ill health, which he I have occupation, and that occupationmust full force as they are at present, and all. its details; leave no possibility offailure I
will surely regain in the Pecos Valley continue to be mainly orange there is ,no evidence that they are any behind. Mr. Bigelow last year I

country, should he decide to locate culture. more destructive in their effects than netted nearly, if got quite, $roo anI

there.-Nurseries. and Orchards. Suppose a Northern man comes to they were a century ago. acre on his large crop; but he thoroughly -
: It is our recollection that Mr. String- Florida in broken health, and througha The orange trees of the Rivieraare I mastered the situation by years

fellow's, orchard is not so large as abovementioned freeze or his own. mismanagementloses no more fatally affected today by of trial, gradually extending his area as i;
several thousand dollars in an the mistral than they were a hundred I he gained in self-confidence. :






". -

If, as is reported, even one of the Markets. P CAN TREES.

railroads would lower the freight on

melons to a rate about cent of ------- '"' '
75 per -
the present one, it would place Florida JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Feb. 15. RIBERA PECAN GROVE AND PECAN NURSERY

very nearly on a par with Georgia in FRUITS AND PRODUCE.

this matter. Corrected by Marx Bros. SANTA ROSA COUNTY FLORIDA.
4 These are average quotations. Extra choice
Conditions Outside of Florida. lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor

lots sell lower.frosted box............. ... One year old pecan trees from paper-shell nuts, average 6 to 28 inches high, at 3 cents per
Before the unfortunate decides Oranges .15 to .50 tree; $25 per thousand, carefully packed and directed transit
grower Grapefruit....... ......................3.50104.00Lemons purchaser on receipt. Money order on Bagdad shipped Postoffice as charges to be paid by
to abandon his orange groveor Messlna..I4...........__. 3.25 .
his vegetable fields which have Pineapples, crate,. .... .........14... 4.00
Limes,3-peckcrates ... ... ........... 1.00 ARTHUR BROWN
served him well in the past, let him Cocoanuts .... .... ......... 3.50Peanutsbestbrand. ,
...... ............. 04 to.05
consider carefully how much, if any, Imported cabbage,each.............. .10 P. O. Box No. 4, Bagdad, Florida.
he is likely to better his condition.In apples, bbl................ .. 5.00
beets 2.50 DAVIDSON & CO.
conversation the other day on the Potatoes, bbl. Burbanks .. .. .......... 2.25 ,
with cotton who sack. .......... ........... .... 2.00
a large planter
Early Rose! N. Y.seed...... 2.50 COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
was on his way down from South Hebron seed.................. 2.50
Peerless.. .......... .......... 2.50
Carolina to visit his numerous relatives Chili Red ................... 2.50 HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS.
near Anthony and Ocala he Onions, bbl............ ............... 2.50
Eggs--..........__. _
14 .20 ORANGES
said they were all engaged in farming LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYiVEGETABLES; OF ALL KINDSNo.
and orange culture combined, 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Corrected Davis & Robinson.
and were all satisfied and prosperous Yellow Yams, bush. ........ .......... 40 to .50 ESTABLISHED 18eQ.
doing better than anybody about Sweet Potatoes, ... ..... ...... ........ .35 to .40
lubbard squash, bbl... ........ ...... 2.00
their old homes in South Carolina Lettuce, doz.-...... .25 to .40 PALMER & 1 READEST,
a few' planters who were Celery Kalamazoo..........14 ...-.. .. .40 to .50 FROST NEW YORK.
very EggPlants} bbl ..................... 3.00 ,
forehanded and provident enoughto Tomatoes, crates ......
2.50103 00
make their without Sweet Pepper, bu. none..!............ 2.00 (Successors to G. S. PALMER, and PALMER, RIVENBURO & Co.)
crops mort- Okra, bu, none.... ................. .
gaging everything in advance to the Green Beans crate .... ..... ........ 2.00102.50 PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Peas ................. ........ i.oo to 2.50
merchant.A Turnips, bunch.......;.............;.. .03 to .08
few a citizen of Law- Cucumbers, crate..................... 1.50103.00
years ago Pumpkins, each...................... .05 to .15 Southern Fruits and Vegetables a ,
tey was a fairly successful strawberry Kershaws, each... ...... ......... .10 to .15 a
but he had recovered his Parsley,per d jz. bunches ............ .30 to .50 Specialty.Remember .
grower, Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ .25 to .35
health, and his wife, being dissatis- Green onions, per doz. bunches......., .20 to .30 we never buy a package. Thus any shipments you entrust to our care, never come r
Pepper,hot. bushel, none............ 1.50. to 2.00 in competition with bought goods. Account sales made day of sale.
fied, persuaded him to return to Illinois Sagewellcuredlb ..................... roto. 15
wire in this
....... REFERENCES : See our quotations by paper.
and in a more genteel Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none
engage Hens.........-.-....-... .... ............ .35 Chatham Nat. Bank, N. Y. Mercantile Agencies. Write for Stencils.
occupation. He now writes to an old Roosters........................... .25 to .30 Members of National League of Commission Merchants to which no irresponsible house can belong.
"I would like Broilers.... ....-......-......... -., ..... .18 to.25
neighbor : to come Turkeys, per pound,gross..... .....-.. .11 P%TT t J S V R: Gra--P: :: EN'N'SYLV. ': :. ..
down there this spring if I could spare Ducks.... ................. .......... 30 to 35
Geese...-............................. .40 to .50
the money. How is business down Quail, doz...... .. .. ...........:..... i.20 Somers :Brother & Co. ESTABLISH CO
there? Do think I would be likelyto Wild ducks, doz..... ...................... i.ooto2.oo 1876.
you Wild turkeys, each........... ........... i.ooto 1.50
strike a good job if I rhould come Cauliflower doz..... .... ..... ...1.50102.50 Commission

down and look around? They are 4. .- '. Merchants./ Fruits and Produce. '

here!" New York Vegetable ,Markets.
scarce Refer to Ranks, Mercantile Agencies and 1 the business community of Western Pennsylvania.
A person who left the North five, Potatoes Market Reports, special references to regular shippers, sMpptng' stencils, stamps, etc., fur-

eight, ten years ago should rememberthat Imports for the week: Great Britain nished free application. INQU'PMFS' AM CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.

that is not the country it once 2266 bags; Continent 200 bags ; Bermuda
907 bbls; Havana K9 bbls. per 100. Celery has had a moderate "BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES" are
was. The conditions prevailing thereare The weather has been so severe this movement at steady prices. Key West unrivaled for relieving Coughs, Hoarseness -
more 'like those of the Old World. week that it has been impossible to move potatoes in light supply and firm and all Throat Troubles. Sold onlyin i

.... stock with safety and while the arrivals for choice. Beets, Bermuda, per crate boxes.

Free Coinage In Mexico.A have not been heavy, the stock has accu- 1.75 to 2.00. Cabbage, domestic, per 100

few days ago, while in the mintat mulated, but holders have maintained 2.50 to 5.00; cabbage, imported white per Bradley RedJUld. Eugene B. Redfleld.
the City of Mexico I stopped to firm''ideas as stock cost; high and is held 100, 4.00 to 6 00. Celery, Michigan fancy
with confidence in the interior, and withan large per doz. roots 40c to 60c. Okra, ESTABLISHED 1871.
look at the final balances in which the improved trade expected as soon as Havana per carrier 3.50 to 4.50. Onions,

Mexican: silver dollar is weighed before the present cold snap moderates, prices white per bbl. 5.00 to 9.00; Eastern red REDFIELD & SON,

it is turned loose upon the public.In have been well sustained and stock not per bbl. 2.25 to 2.50; Bermuda, crate 1.75 "

one side of these balances is placedthe specially urged for sale except at full prices. to; 2.00. Commission MerchantsAND

the of which the sil- M>-4
weight, equal The arrivals from Europe have been Palmer & Frost's Quotations.
ver dollar must contain ; in the other and stock frosted
moderate some slightly New York, February 12.-Choice ---
the dollar is placed. If they ,balance, and working out slowly at barely steady oranges, brights, $2.50 to $3.50; russets,

the dollar is pronounced ready for prices. The Dundee steamer Principiais $1.50 to $2.50; Tangerines, $2.00 to $4.00;

circulation. If the dollar is lighter due next week with about 6,000 sacks grape-fruit, $1.00 to $2.00. Fruit Auctioneers

than the weight it is cast aside. I and the Croft to follow is.reported to Palmer & Frost. ,
hare only 480 sacks. The moderate arrivals .
stopped, the weigher for a moment from Havana and Bermuda have Business Notices.A 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

and begged to test the weight of a not been very desirable and have sold DARING ADVERTISER.-The Paine
United States silver dollar by his bal\ rather slowly at barely steady prices. We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vege tables,
Fertilizer Company, in the face of the either at private sale (which has heretofore been
ances. The United States dollar went Sweet potatoes in light supply and held unprecedented cold, change their ad. our custom) or by the auction system (recent)}'
steadily when choice but outlet moderate. from to a whole added to our business) as you may desire.
It was lighter than the weight in a quarter-page page.
up. Havana, prime, 6.00; Bermuda, prime, Such an advertisement in these times is
the other side of the balances. It 6.CO to 6.50; No. 2, 3.00 to 3.50; Jersey worth reading.

contained less silver than the Mexican prime, 1.62, to 175. '1 I
dollar. A few minutes later I went Vegetables. have put on the market to meet the exi- Produce Sold :; i

into...._ x_:. .rt_*_stniirant.___nn The n price of mv Imports _for_ the_ week. Havana 2,000crates 'encies; nr. the (1'AA. ''u?,'" n.. brand r->.f fertilizer
I onions and 394 crates other vegta- v ** j Quick and paid for quick, is the way our ship
I handed 0 to 7
dollar. above containing
of the
dinner was just a and 500 name, percent purs of Fruits and Vegetables like it? and
the cashier the United States silver blest Bermdua 26 crates onions ammonia, 4 to G per cent of available our 40 years' experience( without delaultingr/
crates other vegetables. Hamburg 30 dollar fa guaranty both of ability and stabil
acid and 3 to 4 cent pot
dollar. He me back in changea phosphoric por Ity. Any bank i I'r merchant using mercantilereports
gave cabbage.
ash at $32 a ton. can tell our standing. i
Mexican silver dollar. Because of Onions have strengthened with the As wo never buy, we never have goods ot
mMardi < our own for the best prices, l leaving that o:
market is firm for
weather and
the difference, therefore, between the cold very Gras growers for second place. We want more
and of the choice red and 'yellow with offerings consignments for increasing trade. AFTER
stamp of the United States small frosted or poor stock moves slowly The Florida Central and Peninsular INQUIRING AH TO OUR STANDINGTRY
Republic of Mexico: I received a White in light supply and also firm Railroad will run an elegant equipmentto NOTHING AND YOU MAY LIKE: OUI. '
larger dollar than .I gave and got my and high. Havana onions have l held New Orleans for the Mardi Gras celebration METHODS BEST. ,
Letters answered Stencils anu
dinner besides. This simple illustration steady at $2.00 per crate. Other Havana Round trip tickets from Jack cards free. for our little<
is conclusive proof that the United and Bermuda vegetables have sold slowly sonville, 19,35; from Tampa, $26.35; intermediate book about marketing Fruit Vegetables
owing to cold weather and prices have points in proportion; good for
States silver dollar, but for the shown little change. Cabbage firm for fifteen days. The Florida Central and French & Co.,

stamp which gives it a fictitious value, choice. Imported about out of first Peninsular Railroad is the only one that
4 116 Warren St. New York.
is worth only half a dollar.-North hands and nominal; a small lot of Ger- runs through sleepers from Jacksonvilleto ,

American Review, man red in this week sold at $10,00 New, Orleans the year round. 1

: .., :. 1' '' ,../""",,,. ., ,.. q. L .- 1 .- -... .., ,.,--- -- .
,.> .
; .
1 n /

1 a. '
t 1

j II

t -
I I The Situation in Louisiana.The .
piles of soured canes lying GOOD HARVEST
around many of the mills, and the FOR A
\ b If you plant Gregory's Seeds. These Seeds,famous through many years, !
hundreds of tons that are yet in the W have turned the tide of success toward a great many sowers. Perhaps they
1 fields, are unmistakable evidences of 0 are all that you lack. The whole story aboutGREGORY'S

t f the disastrous losses sustained by ";:. ,-.. ::. SEEDS

}, of The loss of the .."
some our planters. 'm I' ','J' Is told in Greaory'H Catalogue for ISOU: -a book that helps solve all ,
t bounty on the'past year's crop was avery I. .i the problems of planting; sets you right when In doubt; gives in detail I Li N E ,
114 .
} .. ,..... :,".-...:. ... A' the best farming knowledge right up to date. It's free. Ask for It. ? .; .3
f serious blow, the low price of .- oJ ..v J. J. II. GREGORY & SON, Seed Growers, Itlarblchead, Mass. ..

:| sugar and consequent extremely low ",

!? price of cane, incident to the action

;,,1 of the trust, over-production, etc., 300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Cyass: Thirty-Seventh Year.SPECIAjrIES .

,:. *If made it'-almost fatal to the entire in- Shortest Quickest Most Attractive

: dustry; the loss of the crop itself was : ,

therefore, but an additional 'straw,' a Specially adapted to Florida andsub-lropicalcounlries. 1 oIT TE:
most fitting climax and coup de grace.It FRUIT TREES Peach, Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,
Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat etc" etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens Camel BETWEEN
is not true that the entire loss lias.Azaleas, 50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants Open Ground Grown Koses. The FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
U from freezing and souring of the cane Green House Department is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat-
alogues free. Address p. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga. THE "
:''f|f", fell upon tenants and small planters- No Agents. Florida Central and PeninsularNEW

l'l'f"!f in fact it would appear from current

.fr f, reports that most of the-loss, measur- To THROUGH ROUTES.

ed by tons and acres, has fallen upon OrangeGrowers.The New York to Jacksonville by
t ,
: New Florida" Pennsylvania 11., R. to Washington -
1 '; i the large planter; but it is true that largest crop and best grade of fruit can only be obtained by using fertilizers containing and 1 Southern Hallway to
Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
j small and tenants lost
many planters avery Air Line.
Peninsular to all principal
i large part of their crops, a few Not less than i2/0 Actual Potash.
i, their entire crop. With these small This is equally true of pine-apples and other tropical fruits. Cincinnati Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Jacksonville to Chattanooga by-

"i : planters the, extent of their losses has Our books on Potash are sent free. They will cost you nothing *o read and will save and } Southern ll'y to Ever-
"II not ended with the labor and money YOU dollars. GERMAN: KALI WORKS' 93 Nassau street ewnk Limited.Florida 'ctte sular, Florida to all important Central &Florida Penin-

!{ expended on their crops-it has taken -- -- points.

;:; away their means of livelihood and Kansas! City Kansas City, Fort Scott &
Memphis Kansas City,
; forced them to engage in some kind Hardwood JackMo'villeThio'and 1 to Birmingham, Southern R'y
': Ito }<},-cl'ette, Fla. Central &
of work that will immediate CANADA Line
yield re- ASHES J Peninsular to all Fla. points.

turns, for merchants no longer feel Unleashed Louis to 'Jacksonville by
Short Line to Du Quoin,
in advances 1St.
secure making cane
upon ; A natural fertilizer for Orange Groves, also for Berries and Vegetables. Gathered with I Holly Sp'gs!' Central to Holl Sp'gs,
of them have been so crippledby Iout H1sas City Memphis & Birmingham -
our teams in Canada and shipped in carload lots direct to Florida in bags or barrels. to Hi mingham,Sou.
reason of the inability of their Write themnfhlets price MUNROE I Arcade Block, OSWEGO N.Y.Wintersmith's J It'y to Evorctteand F. C. & P.
and LHLUlljJmtOU I '
debtors the
to meet obligations 1 Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -

I is a matter of financial impossibility Holly S"' ..M! Sp'gs\ I K..C.III.M.Cent.& to Holly Birmingham -

. for them to make the advances as cute' Son. R'y to Ever-
otto and the F. C. & P.
heretofore.-Louisiana Planter.'
\ Louis'illo & Nash'illo to River
New Oriraus Junction. F. C. & P. only
Maintain the Chill
Orchard. To }route with ijirough} sleepersTaoks'VIlle
It is a common error to attempt' to between New Orleans and

I I. put out an orchard "once for all." Jacksonville.The .
The Tonic F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
This is a serious mistake. When the For Malaria Florida running through the

trees are small they do not supply a M ed i sine which Is the chief cause .. Tobacco Stock JtefftonSf farming and Dairy Section,

sufficient quantity of fruit. When For General Debility Pearl and Strau'berry anda,
of Known Banana and
Orange Pineapple Country
I l they are in their prime they yield a For Biliousness Phosphate Belt.
deal and for few be Merit lias the Silver Spring and
; great a years may For Constipation Other fine Scenery.

z; very satisfactory, but it will not be Tried and True For loss of Appetite The Great Hunting Country.Reaches .

long before they will begin to fail. 30 years 30" Being the best Remedy for these things on the. market. Has the best the lands Noted for fishing tillage, greatest Grounds.vari-
At length the decline will be so great success ety of soils in the State and above all
Sells on its merits, and all Druggists keep It.
ft J{ that a new orchard will be set. But Tr Y it I ARTHUR PETER &. CO.WholesaleAgents',Louisville Ky.4F7 Runs over the Central Ridgeland
It Is
Where High and Healthy.
f.! between the time that the old trees Prosperous towns till its route and it offers
h fail and the trees come into the best freight facilities for any produce to
young .- -- the Northern markets. Send for the popularsong
i fJ full bearing there is likely to< be an interval -

1 ti of several years during which SPRAYING OUTFIT COMPLETE EXPRESS, $5.5O "MY FLORIDA HOME."
with its spirited words and beautiful music
the yield of fruit will be scanty and I PAID FOR descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
.; the quality of that which is produced' -';! "' Automatic Mixer. Barrel Attachment.EntomolOtOOOIiiLhaiogistsoftheU.S. which is gotten up in elegant style-Six
: = c leading also
of full sized best music containing
A valuable Illustrated
1 will be inferior. To airainst '
guard a picture of a home In I Florida and a hunting
D MAlEs: ; 3 : :: Book (worth$5.00) given to each purchaser.
I such an unpleasant and unprofitable ", -- iriDuJ Satisfaction; Guaranteed, or Money Refunded. scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in
111.CatalogueandTreatiseonSprayingFree.Our stamps to pay expense of distribution.)
;,; condi'ion, and also to prevent a great he+ BRASS A CHI N Agents are making! from $.1 to X2/1 erday. Send also for the best map of Florida (sen
asWILLSPRAY For particulars and P. C. LEWIS MFC. CO., free) and note the towns on its route.
;-I i reduction. in .the quantity_ of fruit if ACRES PER: DAY. terms,address But ja Catskill, N.Y. A. O. O.MAODONELL a.p A ,
'4i j the trees are destroyed by accident or Jacksonville: Fla.

disease, a few trees should be set every Spraying :Fruit Trees. its capabilities, this implement should The Fla Cent. & Peninsular R. R

year. The orchard should be kept in There' is no branch of work on the farmor have a place on every farm. There are ,

as good condition as was the famous among fruit-growers that has received many good makes in market which are Offers to Shippers

body of troops which was maintainedby closer attention in the past few years offered at various prices. Prominent : The Shortest and Quickest Route ,
the ancient Persian and than sprayingfrnit trees and vines for the among the low-priced ones is the Combi-
destruction of insect pests and for con- nation Force-Pump manufactured by P.
which was known as the "immortalten trolling the various leaf blights and other C. Lewis, of Catskill, N. Y. I have used::; FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

thousand.," This name was not diseases to which fruit trees and vinesare this upon fruit trees, and have found it THE EAST AND WEST.

given because those who composedthe subject, and now no fruit-grower expects to do satisfactory work; throwing a line With is Improved Ventilated Cars this com-
pany. bettor equipped than ever ever to
band were not subject to sickness good fruit without spraying his spray to quite an elevation. If, when at- handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops and .
trees. Professor Lintner,New York State tached .toa tank and mounted on wagon, insure close connections and prompt despatchto
and death but because
I when one man Entomologist, : it should fail (as so many of the higher-: all Eastern and Western Markets.
i was disabled another was ready ,lo The operation says of spraying] is simple, priced pumps do) to reach the tops of the Through cars to destination with-

t. take his place. Though individuals inexpensive, and 'so effective that it can tallest fruit trees, a longer hose::; (say eight out change or delay.

dropped out, the ranks were always not be too strongly urged.) It is safe to feet in length)may be purchased and diedto shippers Perishable advised freight time followed passing various by wire Junction and-

I full and whenever the count say that it will double the income from an a'pole for its support and elevation. points and arrival at destination.
was :
orchard. No fruit-grower can afford to .. All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-
made the number was just ten thous adjusted.
dispense with it. Worm-eaten apples
. and. So with the fruit trees. New The number 0 f palmetto trees that See that your goods are markedvia
, need not, and should not be longer of- F. C. & P. R. R.
ones should be set so regularly and so, fered in our market. If produced at all, are now being planted shows them to For information call on or address the undersigned -

frequently that, though the older ones let them be fed to stock. I be growing in popularity. We have :
How is the spraying to be done 1? To C. E. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
should become diseased'or be broken nothing growing of the size which W. B. TUCKER GonA' 't*, Orlando Fla.
this question, which so many are asking, O. M. IIOLDBN, Trav. A7gt: .
.1 by the wind, there should be no deficiency we rcplv: I, looks more ,truly tropical, and as an W. U. FULLER, Trav. A'g.t.! Tampa Leesburg Ii'la Fla.,

of trees in the orchard.-Nurseries The first requisite is a proper force-I I ornamental tree they stand second to Or N. S. PENNINOTON Traffio Manager

and Orchards. j I pump With our present knowledge of I I none.-Eustis Lake Region W. II. PLEASANTS General Jacksonville Freight, Fla.Agt


: --_....::_.-.:_- ----,-.- ____-.___m_ _. __.._____,__ .__..----.----------,,-- ------,-- ----- .




Live Stock. agement. 'For docility the Jersey has .rUE:

....... no equal, for hardiness almost no su
Economy of the Jersey. perior. Braving without harm the FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA k

",: Originating as it is supposed by eminent storms of a Canadian winter, acclimated ,.

;.y lif.' '' authorities on the coast of' the with the most encouragingsuccess JAGI<:SONVIL ,E.,

, ;r-. ,'. continent neighboring to the island in the warm States of the The Oldest National Bank in the State.This .
whose bear this breed has South, she thus far has defied the
name they Bank after twenty years of successful; business has just undergone a rigid special examination
of the croakers.
ever been cherished and protected by complaints by the United States Comptrollers Department,and has had its charter extended for an
I Bred in and in through many gene. other period of twenty years. ,
the inhabitants of fertile Jersey. As By conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
civilization advanced in the eigh rations in that narrow land which is strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
their ancient home and always with invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your
teenth century, and ease of commun- favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.
ication became the fame their worth (for dairy purposes in view,
of this native breed spread, and the the Jerseys produce milk richer by far President. Cashier.
in the elements of butter than that of
records they were making even those Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
other breed. Tests in different
early times, astonished the then dairy any a
world. From 1789, when the Statesof direction have also revealed its worth JOHN L. MARVIN,

enacted laws forbidding the for cheese making: Richer in color, President.H. ..
Jersey. finer in quality Tirf-pmin* nl-1v su: prior T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
importation ot fOreIgn cattle irom --- r-- --.J .l".n' Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
the history in the quantity of butter product fora CAPITAL
France, to the present day, $100,000.
of the Jersey breed of cattle is a given quantity of milk-such, in ad-

story of progress and merit recognized. dition to commanding a higher pricein THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK

The spirit of emulation and industry the markets, are some, of the charac- ,
has been teristics of the Jersey cow.
raised among the Jerseymen JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
the means of making their island a To state facts concerning her per

place of no small importance formance is to argue most cogently in Respectfully. solicits your Deposits, Collections and Genera

The reasons for the so general favor of the Jersey. Her position today Banking "Business.CORRESPONDENCE .

of the the for seems one of assured success. As -
adoption Jersey as cow INVITED.
and in the past, when her merits became
all purposes are numerous important. -
Along most lines the Jerseyhas recognizedshe was'warmly welcomed, DI12I e'1'OR19 a
John L. Marvin, A. B. Chas. Marvin
and so in the future her worth must gain Campbell' ,
no superior. Quality quan- her friends. Western H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
tity of butter product, small cost of -.-. -Agriculturist.-- Judge E.' M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, '
keeping, the ability to trace her pedi- Borax for Curing Hams.I Or" H. Robinson. John E., HRr rld e.

gree through many generations, ''theseare am assured upon good authoritythat

some of the points in which the finely powdered borax, sprinkledupon 'SAVINGS AND' TRUST BANK

Jersey is invulnerable. From being hams and shoulders, and rubbedin

called the "gentleman's cow," her, when taken out of bulk to be hungup OF FLORIDA,

superiority has gradually asserted itself to smoke and cure, will effectually JACKSONVILLE.

until, as a dairy cow, such recordsare prevent skippers. I was pleased with CAPITAL, $50,000.
registered for her as can be the result last year, and I will further

shown by no other known breed. make trial of this simple remedy this H. ROBINSON, President. Vf. J. IIAIIK1SHKIMKU!: ,'Vice-Pres.

The idea is prevalent that the J er- year. Borax is cheap and ,if a sure WM RAWLINSON, Cashier,

sey-is a cow only to be owned by the preventive the; dreaded skipper, I DIRECTORS, :
wealthy cattle-breeder. No greater thousands upon thousands of dollars'
mistake could be made. Economy worth of the best part of the hog will W. J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT,
points to the Jersey as ,the cow also be saved, and, instead of mortificationand J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN.

for him who uses but a single head loss to the discomfited house-. Collections made on all points Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay-

for family purposes. True, the origi keeper, a beam of joy will sit upon the ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on

nal expense may be somewhat greaterfor countenance of the good housewife as, Savings.

a Jersey of good breeding than fora she brings forth her nicely baked ham, I

cow of common stock. But can we and knows that it is without suspicion: FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

,say that it would be economy in this as she places it upon the festive board.

age for the publisher of a newspaper, Southern Planter. .
however small its circulation, to use a An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
In speaking of the great resourcesof I best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $300.(000.
press such as Caxton employed be- .. BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange Is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper'on
this :Mr. Forrest told of two .
cause its cost would be less than that county order. Write for price list and terms.
large sales recently made by his people -: OFFICERS :-
of one of those models of ingenuity in GREENLEAF,
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. Vlco-President.
? The utility of the Jersey which will result in great benefit to'the ALBERT M. IVES.Gon'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER ecretary.
use today state by a practical demonstrationof DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
and her adaptability to all situationswere Hillsboro; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
in recent numberof what can be done in stock-raising.. J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. G. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. V. Hillyer,
fitly praised a Two tracts of land one of Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. '. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
the Country Gentleman ;-"The large 5,000 Johns Co.; C. F. A. Blelby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
and the other of 7,000 acres in town- Address'all' correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
Jersey cow that can average a poundof with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.
26 have been
ship range 31 pur-
for in the
butter days
365 year, -
chased who will fencein
by capitalists
with good care, is the cow for the the lands with wire, set the landsin JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
millions, and it has been proved that ,
Bermuda and Para and en-
the. will do this five to one over
all other breeds and with less feed." gage in growing finer and larger cattle Grocers and Commission Merchants
and other live stock. No country in
The Jersey has been well denomin- ,
the world is better adapted to this line
ated a milk machine. Small usuallyin DEALERS
of business and there can be no

size while, there she is is making no" room the for rich surplusfat milk doubt but in a (few, years Florida will Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, .

be of the leading states in the
for which she is noted. Mr. Wayback Union one for live stock growing.BartowCourier. Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
.may continue to feed a large cow

through many years, in order that finally t J"aoJ sorwi11e: Flo1..ida..

she may make more beef; but As the orange crop was destroyedin

he who is abreast of the times adoptsthe every county excepting Lee the PRICE- STOP WHISKIES:

economic Jersey. A beef breed county commissioners of our countysaw MANONGAIIELA RYE............ ........$1 50 CABINET BOURBON... .............. .$6 oo
PARKER..... .................. ...........17.5 J.MARTINRYU.\i.... 300
the Jersey is not ; but every part of in these conditions the oppor- ORANGE VALLEy............ ............. 200 VIRGINIA GLADES........................, 4 oo
the little cow has a use in producingthe tunity for a citrus and a general display SPRING V AI.LIty......... ..,. ...........\. 2 50 OI.D BOURBON............ ........ ..... 5 00
BALTIMORE CORN.......... .............. 200 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH........,,.. 5 oo
present profit of her owner. by the people of our county, and NORTII CAROLINA CORN.. ............ 250 OLD BAKER........ ........,.....,...-.Of.... 5 oo
The care and treatment of the Jersey therefore at their regular meeting last CLIFTON ...... ............. 300 MON PROSE VELVET RYE................... 600

must be based, as with any breed, Monday they appointed the editor of JUGS EXTRA; : One gallon 350; two gallon, 5OC; three gallon, 75C. Remit by
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order
the broad foundation of common the Tropical News a special agent-to
on A complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application.
sense. Different individuals of any gather an exhibit for the South Florida

breed require ,different food and man. Fair.-Tropical News. JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.T11 ,



7' .

1 1t t J '110 mE; FLORIDA FARMER AND FRutT- nOWKR. '

1 I __ _
'I'j, I -
II Peanut Culture by in July, or as soon as the vines Gunby & Gibbons received a tele- P LUMS-Burbank's" latest and best Introduc-
j tion, liThe Juicy, and many choice Japanese
1 Ij : Farmer's Bulletin, No. 25 issued by have spread sufficiently to keep down gram yesterday from J. M. McKee, varieties. Very low to close. Summit Nurseries -

t f the U. S. Department of Agriculture, the weeds, or to make the passage of clerk of the United States Circuit Montieello, Fla. 2-9-2

t t q' is devoted to this subject. We quote the harrow between the rows danger. Court of Appeals at New Orleans, an FINE Black$1.00 Minorcas each and White-faced Black Langshan Black

' the concluding summary : our to the developing pods. nouncing that the decision of Judge Spanish $3.oo trio. Eggs $r.50 for 13, $2.00 for
26. E.Harrison &Sons, Pa- la, Fla' 2-9 4
:' (i) The peanut is a native of Brazil, ((7)) In harvesting the crop, the prac- Locke fining the eight Spanish smacks ,

: but early after the discovery of that tice is to pass down each side of the last September had been reversed and pHOICE TOMATO PLANTSUvillgton'sPerfection

country it was introduced into Africa row with a plow, made especially for the libels ordered dismissed. The fines Beauty and Lorillard., Livingston's Ready Favorite now. Price, Redfield, $t.oo

and other tropical parts of the Old the purpose, without mold board, and originally assessed by the Collector a hundred, 85.00 per thousand. Free by mail or
with a "sword or long cutting flanges amounted to about and the express. Large, strong, well-rooted plants.
World; where it became a staple article $28,000, Thos Colson, Waldo. Fla. 1-19-3

N of food. It was only in the second welded to the point. The plowis court was about $4.000 and costs.- ._BRAHMA- D. B. Plymouth Rock and

half of this century that it became an run deep enough to sever the tap Tampa Tribune. LIGHT Turkey Eggs; for hatching, Jt.oo doz-

in this root, without disturbing the pods. --....... en to suit the times. C Gomperts, Lady Lake,
important crop country. Florida. 2 2-16
( The vines are then lifted from the Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder _
varieties the
; The
((2)) grown are PIGS. Best registered full
World's Pair Medal' BERKSHIRE
Virginia, running and bunch; the Ten- ground with pitchforks, and placed in Highest Diploma. at reduced prices for one month
T. A. Riverview, Fla.
only. Vincent 2-2-3
rows they are afterwards stacked .
: nessee and Georgia, white and red; ; .
around shortpoles.. Two weeks later THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE Agent's profits per month. Will
the North Carolina and the Spanish.The .
prove it or pay forfeit. New Ar-
Virginia varieties, being most the pods should be dry enough to be $] 5-2-5. tides just out. 'A $1.50 sample
and terms free. Try us. CIJIDES-
picked off. After picking the nuts JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.FLORIDA.
and with the .
widely known popular TER & SON, 23 Bond St., N. Y.TILGHMAN'S _

trade are the ones commonly planted. are placed in bags, holding four bush- CONDITION POWDERS FOR

There is little difference between the els, and either stowed away in dry, to make them eat and
well-ventilated sheds, or at once soldto grow fat. Sample package by mail, thirtyfivecents.
Virginia and Tennessee nuts, both W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla. ,
sold handpicked"peanuts. the "factories, where they are _1-26-10
being as "Virginia ..* .
cleaned, sorted, sacked, and branded. FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black Langshans,
then for the trade. LANDS : Game fowl. Langshan, Game and
They are ready
The Spanish nut has a small kernel :, Pekin duck eegs for hatching. Mrs. W. II.

of fine quality, and 'is in demand as ((8) The larger portion of the Amer- Mann, Mannville, Fla._12-1-12

"confectioners' stock being worth ican crop is sold by street venders, but FOR SALE for cash,time or trade,orange groves,
and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
several than small amounts are used by confectioners ORANGES .
per pound more any 3-ii-i6t
other shelled stock. chocolate manufacturers, and for 'I.
t stock better low
((3)) The climate of the Atlantic Sea- the manufacture of oil. Peanut oil is CITRUS,TREES.-Fine and square treatment; none No "back

board and Mississippi Valley has used for lubricating and soap making, RESORTS ::' years numbers"experience.offered.Phoenix Write for Nurseries prices., Thirteen Braiden-

proven very congenial to this plant, and is a good substitute for olive oil town Fla._II 3-iS!

which needs an early and warm spring, for salads and other culinary purposesand FOR'EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
North Carolina mountains. Owner must
as a substitute for lard and cotto-
followed by a hot and moist summer, INVESTMENTS live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
with but little rain in the harvestingseason lene and butter in cooking. The res B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 915ttFOR

to injure the mature idue from oil making, known as "pea- CUTAWAY HARROW prices, address E.
crop. Hubbard, Federal Point,Fla.,State Agent.
((4)) While an open sandy soil which nut cake, is a highly valued cattle DEVELOPMENTS IO-2I-tf_

does not stain the shell is the ideal one food in the countries of Europe, andis FINE LOT OF SEEDLESS GRAPE FRUIT-

for the it thrives friable also ground into fine flour and usedas Tahiti Limes. All on Grape fruit stock.
peanut, on any
Price very reasonable. S. M. Stephens, Lakeland -
soil that contains a sufficient quantityof human food. It makes good soup, ATTRACTIONS Fla._12-15-10

lime and humus. The presence of griddle cakes, muffins, etc., and is one A CHANCE FOR A NURSERYMAN.Fortythousand
lime is for the of the most nutritive of foods. It has ((40 ooo) thrifty grape fruit trees in
necessary development form. old. Terms
nursery Three-year easy.
of the nuts, as without lime there may however, not been regularly tested to ADDRESS, Bowyer & Stephens Lakeland, Fla. 12-15-10

be luxuriant vines bearing nothing but make it certain that it will be usefulas
deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
pops. If the soil does not already con- a regular article of diet. The vines G. D. ACK E R i4 Y, ANEW. We pay freight. Write for our latest-
E. W Amsden Ormond, Fla. tf
when dried become a nutritive price-list.
tain lime in sufficient quantities the very

deficiency must be supplied by the use hay, readily eaten by stock ; but in Oe>:rx. 'Pcllai leti 2er At. THE 127 LAKELAND 000 citrus trees NURSERIES-Have on sour orange,grapefruitand for sale

of some form of commercial lime, suchas feeding care must be taken lest it give rough lemon roots!, of the following varieties:
colic. Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-
burnt oyster'shells, burnt limestone, them CENT-A- WORD COL UMN. rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown,
marl. L. Hart's Tardiff;Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma,Kum-
or quat, King and Maltese Blood and Villa
Cold Storage for Fruit. To Insure Insertion in this column, advertise-
((5)) The peanut plant draws a large As contributory to the solution of ments must be accompanied by the money. less Franca Limes.and Belair A specialty Premium of Lemon.the Marsh Tahiti Seedless Seed-

part of its nitrogen from the air, but it Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. Grape-fruit. C. M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co.,
the problem what to do with our or- Postage Stamps received in payment. Fla. ,
draws a considerable amount of phos- in the Count every word,including name and address. __1117.20
anges future to save them from
acid and from the soil. WANTED-5000 one-year, Citrus Trifoliata.
phoric potash
being frozen, we clip the following and lowest price. Arcadia Nurse
Seed Corn. Let the of
If the entire plant is removed from the from of the people ries Monticello. Fla. 12.1-tf
a report proceedings of the
soil, the crop becomes an exhaustingone Florida plant nothing but the ,
horticulturists of Western New York : --

and the fertility of the soil must "The question was asked, \which is varieties' suited to our climate and C1D

be restored by the use of manures and the best plan, for building a cold stor- soil. I have them.

rotation of crops. age house? The replies from practical W. M.\ GIRARDEAU,

((6)) Peanuts should be planted in members present indicated that 2-16-4 Monticello, Fla.

well-pulverized soil to a depth of 4 storage houses are commonly used by IWHATSTH
inches. The distance between the TIT ANTED-An orange/ grove, in full bearing,
fruit and in "
'! growers more are processof in or near a thriving town in South Florida. I MATTER! -
rows should be from 28 to 36 inches, construction. Those generally used Owners prepared to Fell at a sacrifice for cash,
will please address, giving full particulars, A. B.
with the of the soil
varying fertility consume no ice, simply relying upon C,care this office. it -
and the variety. Fertilizers should be consecutive walls of matched boards --- .COVERED "
before. AT year
broadcast but
applied planting, covered with paper, with air spaces grove, south side lake front one mile from WITH STUMP
they may be applied in the rows, andat between. The more partitions and the town. Fine vegetable lands, j. L. Derieux
Lakeland, Polk county, Florida. 2-16-4
the time of planting. Carefully more air spaces, the greater the ex-

shelled and selected kernels should be emption from frost and warmth from FOR' SALE.-An a No. i pointer bitch; also an
used for seed. The seeds should be bred fox hound dog pup, nine monthsold ,Y ll
the outside. There is no trouble in (Tennessee!' stock). Address, R. B. Bull IF ad-

planted from 12 to 20 inches apart, excluding the warm air and the frost, fordville, Fla. 2-16-3:
-- -- -
two to the hill, and covered about an }if properly constructed along these FANCY-POULTRY.-Albert Fries, St. Nicho-

inch deep, either with a hoe or a lines. One member had built a cold Jacksonville keeps 15 varietiesof

small turn plow. All grass and weeds storage house of brick, and another of now pure-bred, Pekin drakes fowls. for Eges sale,for$1.25 hatching each booked 2-9-2 AWKEYE RUB UMP ACHIN&.

must be kept out of the field, and the stone. These would seem to be pref-- -_.. -- ---- ._- ...--- --- -- Work on either Standing Timber or Stumps. Pull
anordhwryGrub in one uiid n half minutes. Makes.
THE FRIEZE I Tardiff and i
soil kept loose and open, that the ten- erable but rather more.expensive. It ESCAPED\ <*ded low on rough lemon stocks.Ruby and clean a sweep horse can of two operate acres No a sitting.heavy chains A man or rods a. bo'tY;!

der "spikes" may meet with no resis was not deemed that sawdust packedin For sale by Richard Klemm, Winter Haven, handle. The c1'opon a few acres the first year will pa'
Florida, for the machine. You '
can not
2-9-3 longer afford to;
tance in penetrating the ground. Experiment the spaces was any better than airspaces ----.- -- taxesonunproduetivetlmberland. Clear it, raise J
bountiful crop with!ess labor and recuperate ol
has not shown any definite TO MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like worn outland by pasturing. It 'will only cost your you i
Bowfcer's Animal Meal, 40 tons sold in Flor postal card to send for an illustrated Catalogue,glvlni
results favoring either the ridge or ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For price,terms and testimonials.. Also full Informatloi

level culture, and the nature of the Many groves were planted in wrong particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla and concerning Stump our Machine I. X.,Two I.. Grubber Homo Hawkeye Iron Giant and other tirul: ..

field selected for the crop will be the locations ; now is a good time to cut io-i3-tf appliances for clearing timber land. Addl'eslJlIILN'B
best guide as to the method to be the tops and move the stumps to the of the beet. $1 for 13. R. Puddy, SunnyMde Shetland Pony Fnrui. For catalogue ad
I Lawtey, Fla, Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for dress 1UII118 UroMo above .
The should be laid right place. at office and number Iir.e4"
adopted. crop hatching, 10-6.13:$ en.f J.UN BhetlaDd Pontes _



I v .
'.. -




48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and :Philadelphia; and

r 65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. i The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, B. R.) STEAMER Florida.
O. 1\1'1:. SORRE ., : Je.1a2er.: Monday Jan. 28th, at 3 p m.. .... ..."CHEROKEE" .......Sunday, Feb. jrd, at 10-30 a m
Wednesday 3oth at 3 p m..4'* YKMASSBE"........Tuesday 5th, at 12:30: pm
Friday Feb. :st, at 3 p m......... "ALGONQUIN"'......Thursday 7th, at 1:30: p JJ1
.- Monday, 4th. at3pm..... ...."SEMINOIE".Sunday, loth, at 5.00ant
.p- Wednesday, 6th at 3 p m.... ...... IROQUOIS:" .......Tuesday, izth, at 6.30: a m !
.1 Friday, 8that3pm........ "CHEROKEE" ...... ..Thursday, uth, at 8:30: a in
t1 Monday, lIth.at3pm........ .YltMASSElt".Sunday, 17th, at 11:00: a in
a 3 s't .
.. r Wednesday, 13th, at 3 pm........"*ALGONQUIN".Tuesday, 19th, at 1:30: p In
Friday, itu 15th, at 3 p m........ "SEMINOLE" .. ......Thursday, a ist, at 1130: pm
''r Monday, 18th, at 3 p m. ......."IROQUOIS". .........Sunday 24th, at 5:00: a m
Wednesday: 20th, at 3 pm....... ."CHEROKEE".. ...Tuesday, a6th, at 5:30: am
j. Friday, It, 22d, at 3 pm........"YEMASSEE"..... .. Thursday, a8th, at 7:00: 0. m
Monday.I 25th, at 3 p m."ALGONQUIN".Sunday, Mar. 3d, at 8.30 a m
Wednesday, 27th at 3 pm..... ...".SnMdNO It". .........Tuesday, 5th, at nooa: m !
For New York direct.


., Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.

Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south f
bouud. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows
'-;':, From Philadelphia: STKAAI&HIPS: From! Jacksonville/ Direct:

ac- r Saturday, January' 26th. ..... ..... ..... .ONElbA... .... ........ ...Friday, February 1st
Saturday February 2d..... ...... ..... BOWDEN; ....... .... ..... Friday, February 8th
pa.a.Qe Ra.te.: t Saturday, February 9th... .... .... ....ONEIDA........... .......Friday, February isth
Saturday, February i6th..*. ........ ..... .BOWDEN .. ........ ...... Friday February 22d
Between Jacksonville and New York : First-class $25.00 ; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion: (43.30; Saturday, February 23d... ..............ONEIDA.. .'... ....... ......Friday, March 1St
Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate $:zI.00 j; Excursion 47.30!'; Steerage, $14.35 j
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.


(Central or 900 Meridian Time.) S'I'. J'OII TS I'V'g R iii.

Kaunas City. ..... .. .... ...... .......... ........ ....... ... ...........Friday, Feb. i, 9.00a.m.
Chattahoochee..... ...... ..... ................ ...... ... ...... .....Saturday, Feb. 2,10.00a.m.
Nacoochee .... ..... ..... ............ .... .. ..... ......... ......Monday. Feb. 412.00 n'n For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
Tallahassee................. ...... .. ...... ........ ... ............Wedn'sdayFeb. 6, 2.30p.m.
City of Augusta... ..... .... .... ...................... ....... -... .Friday Feb. 8, 4.30' p.m.' the St. Johns River.The .
I City of Blrmlnghami............................. .................Saturday, Feb. 9, 5 00 p. m.
Kansas City......... ............. .... ... ..... ....... ............Monday, Feb ii, 7.00p.m.
Chattahoochee ...... ............ ...... ...... .......... ........... ....Wedn'sday Feb. 13 8.00a.m. elegant iron side-wheel steamers .
Nacoochee .. ..... ...... .... .......... ....................... ... .. ....Friday, Feb. 15 lo.ooa. m. "City Of '. .','.
Tallahassee....... .. ... u...... .... .... .... ........ .. ..... ......Saturday, Feb.I6It.ooa.m. : JaoksoJ:1'V'i11e: : ,
City Augusta...... .... ............ .... .......... ......... .......Monday. Feb. 18, z.oop.m. Capt. W. A. SHAW '
City of Birmingham. ... .. ........ ....... .... .... ............ .....Wedn'sdayleb.2o, 3 oo p. m.
Kansas City. .... .... ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ...Friday, Feb. 22, 4.30p.m. "E'REDJK DeBARY,J' ;
Chattahoochee ...... .... .. .... .......... .... .........!... ...... ...Saturday, Feb. 23, 5.00p.m. ,
Nacoochee ......-.... ...... ;........-......... .. .......... :... ...... ...Monday, Feb. 25 6 00 p. m. Capt. T.'W. LUND, Jr. 'I
Tallahassee .... ...:.... .. ...'.' .. .............. ...... ........Wedn'sdayFeb.27, 7.00 a.m. Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except s Saturday at 3.30 p. m., aud from Sanford.
daily except Sunday, at 9 00 a. m.

I Gate City.... .... .... ........ .............. ....... ........ ......... ...Thursday, Feb. 6, 3.30p. m. Read down. SCIIFIULE. Read up.
........ .... .... ... .. .... .... .... ... .. .......Thursday, Feb.
CityofMacou 14 9.ooa.m'
.. .... ... Leave 3.30 p. m. .......... ...... ...... Jacksonville ............ ...... .... Arrive 3.30 a. m.
.. .. .. ..
Gate City.... .... .... ........ .. .... .... .. .Thursday, Feb. 21, 4.oop.m.Ity ..
.. .... ..... ..... t
.. ... .. .
.. ... .... ..... .
.... ....... 8.4S p. m .Palatka Leave 9.00 p. m.
I otl\lacou ................... ......... ......... ... .Thursday, Feb. 28, 7.OOP. m. I. 3.0t'I a. m. .......n..u........ Astor............. ...... ... 3.00 p. m.St .
.. 4.30 a. m. .... ...... ...:........ Francis .................. .... .. 1.3op. nl.U .
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These 5.30 a. m. ...... ..... ...... ...... Beresiord................. ...... II 12.00 noon
( Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.) Arrive 8.30 a. m. ...... '......... ... .... .Sanford. .............. ... II 9.00 a. m.H .
9.25a. m. .... ........ ........ .... Enterprise. ........ .... .... . 9.30a. m.

I).,$ oug. .. ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... .. ...... .... ........... .... Wed'day Feb. 7,2.30p.m.
Elihu Thompson.........?_...._.. _.................... .... ...... Wed'day, Feb. 13, 8.00a.m.
Deasoufr/ ...... .... .... .... .... .............. .,.... ... ............. Wed'day, Feb. 20, s.oop.m. General Passenger and Ticket Office 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
Kllhu Thompson ......... .... .... .... .... ..... .............. ...... Wed'day, Feb. 27, 7.ooa. m. A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, !New York.
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.D. .
THESE PALACE STEAMERS D. C. MINK General Freight Agent 12 So. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pat
THEO. G. EGEll, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.F. .
M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida\ Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla,
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida: & Western Railway, JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla. i
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.WM. \
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents
R. L. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent I
New Pier No.35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, G.. 18 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia 5 Howling Green New York.W. i
RICHARDSON lit BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
L .JAMES Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.W. A. BOORS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS.
H. RH1JTTt Gen'l 1 Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York.J. .
D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent. Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
J. L. ADAMS Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R. A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent, WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston. ,
BECKWITH, General Agent, -
J. P.
W. J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. ,

s Sil 'VV' ic S'r BAY snr., J ACKSONVILI.tE, FLA.
THE :BgS'I': R.'I'I IZgR.S

I', WITH A We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Gomple Stock of

PURE BONE BASISAre Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran Wheat, Grits, Meal ,

Manufactured by theL. Cotton Seed Meal Both. Bright and Dark.


I Tygert-Allen Periilher Co. A NITRATE SODA,

J;I OF PAWTUCKET R. L Star Brand Fertilizers, mmm MURIATE OF POTASH,

1, We also carry in stock Potash. Nitrate Soda, Kalnit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps. for Poultry GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. flHl SULPHATE POTASH
, Sulphur, Cottonseed Meal,Tobacco Stems, Land Plaster and Ashes. ,


I Hear of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway between Main and Laura St.. FERTILIZER. :"
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince ') ...
'e.ul for 1'ocket Memoranda Book Bend for Catalogue, free '

I Ia

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I How to Grow Watermelons for Large Profits


i Is a treatise on melon culture recently issued by the Paine Fertilizer Company,who have,during the past six or seven years,made the fertilization and sale of the melon crop a SPECIAL
STUDY believing and finally proving that this crop is not only the MOST PROFITABLE crop grown in Florida but also a CERTAIN CROP,if planted and fertilized according to the directions givenin
the above pamphlet,which will be sent FREE upon application. '
Our Company are the only manufacturers High-Grade Crop Formulas,who have carefully studied the requirements of many of our principal and best-paying crops, especially the Watermelon *

Write Us for Full Information Showing How to Plant for Market on a Large Scale.

REMEMBER that our specialty for years has been the growing and selling of melons for large profits. Our watermelon brands are known and used throughout the watermelon
sections. No other company has ever manufactured special brands for this crop. .

BE"W'ARE of those imitating our formulas or copying our instructions-the use of their fertilizers can only mean PARTIAL SUCCESS and often TOTAL FAILURE.

COMMENCE PLANTING NO'W" and continue,as we direct, every ten days until last of March. Write for full particulars. NOW is an opportunity to recoup
your losses from other crops.

BEAR IN MIND that New York city alone could have utedall the fine early melons grown in Florida last year therefore if we increased the Florida acreage tenfold or more
there is plenty of marketing room and the acreage is HARDLY DOUBLED this year,much out being poorly fertilized,which will only produce inferior melons
that will reach market too late to secure the handsome profits obtained by those who carry out our advice to the letter. The variety of melon planted by our customers is growing in favor and
the demand is increasing each year. ,
Our Company,with its house at New York and connections at Boston and Philadelphia,command the principal disb ibuling points in the Northeast,where the highest! prices are; always
paid for fine melons. Should the Quantity of early melons grown in this State warrant it,will,also,have arrangements at Cincinnati and Chicago to distribute them through the \Vest. We already
have control of the bulk of the early crop-let us handle yours,and it wilt reduce competition on sales,thus enabling U9 to hold up the market to the HIGHEST POSSIBLE PRICES
t In the future our New York house will handle the fruit and vegetable crops of any planters in t for;.da i.1 order to secure for them the highest market prices,full and prompt returns, mak-
ing it an inducement for them to purchase our Special Formulas in large quantities so as to plant on a more extensive scale. Write for stencil.


December .



Stop Fertilizing for Display It' is FRUIT you Want,

I Fine, Bright, Thin-skinned, Juicy Oranges in LARGE

t QUANTITIES that bring High Prices in Market.

h The PROFITS in planting come from Increased Yields of Finer Vegetables, which can'only be obtained by the use of High Grade Crop Formulas -
adapted to your soils and crops. How long is it going to take you to find out that you can treble and quadruple your NET PROFITS by using our
High-Grade Mixtures AS WE DIRECT ?

Many have been so encouraged by PROFITABLE YIELDS from the use of our Formulas, while previously they had barely made expenses, that
they have increased their acreage each season until now they derive VERY LARGE INCOMES from their crops. Do you want proof of this assertion? then
write us and we will give it; or try a few acres with our brands and prove i it for yourself
t Our/experience in handling the fruit and vegetable crops in New York for many of our customers and their friends has shown us that buyers at
that point examine each purchase with a very critical eye, they will pay HIGH PRICES for fine stuff and but very little for that which is ordinary. Write us
for our pamphlets and advice of how to grow crops for LARGE PROFITS, also, how to fertilize trees on different soils for INCREASED YIELDS of FINER

Do you know that the application of light ammoniates, such as Cotton Seed Meal,Blood and Bone, etc., etc., are the MOST INJURIOUS ARTICLESyou
can put.on your grove? They give a splendid growth of wood and foliage, but;acting only as STIMULANTS they DESTROY THE FRUIT PRODUCING
PROPERTIES of tree and plant.
A Ton of our carefully-prepared Formulas, applied as we advise, i is worth, 'in the long run, a carload of these ammoniates improperly applied and

being IMPROPERLY PROPORTIONED with potash, phosphoric acid, magnesia, etc., etc.
You are growing FRUIT, not FOLIAGE, for sale, VEGETABLES, not VINES, therefore you must avoid all RANK GROWTH It is
STEADY, STRONG HEALTHY, GROWTH that developes the FRUIT-PRODUCING PROPERTIES of the plant and puts money into your
pocket. Write us for all information on agricultural matters, to '
,:;.,':" T1O. and "712 East Bay St., Jacksonville, Florida,

I : ,:- And for all information about selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to '
!iJ.J ".".'

,;, ,. ..,f ; : No.1 Broadway, New York, N. Y. ,':
",.i;.;' 't
Get our latest prices on all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all (I competitors. Our facilities enable us to do this
easily, and, as a rule, to give better and higher class grades of materials.


,: ,1.' ; '' THE PAINE FERTILIZER CO., .

', ',,' J.tJ.: r\'i\ ;:" r .
: : '.' (, JACKSONVILLE, FLA., and NEW YORK, N. Y.
I'"i. ;
;i" ,: .
ST ABL-ISHD: : :: : I 1.S 9. !

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