Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
December 30, 1893
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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S. Power, Publisher Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.. DECEMBER 3D, 1893. Whole No. 1302 NiW:. V.,.HKIClK.sVol. .,0. S*. ,


People Are LearningIn 100 YOU GROW ORANGES ?

Some parti of the least<< that THKY MUST 1IAVH AN EARLY ORANGK. no
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOuNK'8 KAKLY) is not only the Earliest but Beat If do know that i
returns and
you consignment means
you poor a worsefuture.
and neareft to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Tree of this and other varietiesnow
for tale by We advise you to tell!! on the tree or f. o. b.

__ n .... Semi-Tropical Nureri C A BOONK., Orlando._Agent. Fla, Sell and Do Not Consign 0 ,

BURNETT BROS. If you cannot sell at homo whip to us and we will sell for you.
BARNETT We sell DAILY for CASH anti! niake returns on the ht Kile.We .
turn your orange into money in from three to 'five gays, while distant
BROS !dill South; U'ater St., Chicago, commission men take :'J J to (0) weeks.
Twenty years of rontlKiunvnt! has brought prices from $.15 a thotiHand downto
FRUITS DEALERS IN FRUITS. a |point where oranges will mircely more than pay the cost of picking, packingand
We respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits Vegetables.. shipping.
'CHICACOand-. We are now making a flN.'CinItyofO.RANGES i Keep your fruit on the trees until the market i in ready anti then ship.
Send us no drops or (ou I L-i. They don't hell. Watch our bulletin in tho
Times-Union Ship bright; well colored fruit in small lots or KIT loads. Leave ruSe
sets a little! longer.) Write for l ntoncils, etc.
Invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.

We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points. THE FRUIT MARKET,

References National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York
by jwrmlpsion: ;
tho Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


of the Well-Known Reliable (ESTAn.JsnJ [) 1869.)
Buy Tenyears'testedGLEN PTA: L 7VV 1= R, RI I SL ENBURC & CO., '

ST. MARY NURSERIES.SATSUMA Successors to O. S. 1'ulmer. 16 J Iteudo Street, New York. ,.
ORANGES,hardy and early OI.IVKS and APRICOTS. ;
PKACHHS, 6orarleties, new and old. .
PLUMh, .beet Japan and native carte CAMPHOR TRKKS.TKXAS solicit your shipments( and! invite 'Orrespot1tleuro| in regard to market and
JAPAN PERSIMMONS,varieties all tc' ed. UIUR HU.A.GRAI'KS | ects. Also write for stencils.! References{ : Chatham ;National Hank New
PECAN,best rood Paper-Shell upply,all variety leading kinds. GRWVIU.KA GRANUIJLORA.WALNUts. ROUUSTA.MAGNOUA Fork, and Dun and! Bradstreet Commercial Agencies., !

English,Japan and California. CITRUS TRIFOUATA.ROSKS _. .
-- ---- ----- -
C11It"TNUTS.Japan Mammoth, very fine. 50 varieties.
other kind lot of them write for what
We have *- you want.
For five rears past samples of fruit have been sent, free of charge, on application
and wilf be this )'eur: but our experience and in for mat: ion us to adaptability to Sell Your Oranges at Horne.If
your locality is worth much. more.V e have: discarded! { from our own orchards one .
variety of which we shipped 400 bushels in 1887, and ting i is but one of the hundreds
of varieties k tl'l. ''''0 have built our reputation on fine utocb-tome! people You. Ocinnot
ear the. frneat. An Ex-Governor of Florida writes: "They are beauties!, and so admirably .
packed as to shame a novice in the business, and even many who pretendto
be experts." Tne Jacksonville fruit AuctiDIl\ no.E

Prompt and careful attention to correspondence.! Pricos reasonable. Cataloguefree. {
Address Offers the Quickest and Most Reliable Means of DIspos-

G.L..TAI3I ; of Fruit.
Glen St. Mary, Fla. ing
-- --- -
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ESTABLISHED 1 802.BUFFHLO When fruit cannot be sold hero at a fair price, will forward to best Eastern:
or Western markets"j and sell at auction (only" one commission) and make advancesof
50c to $1.00 per BoX, on good fruit, here, as to general condition of markets.
FRUIT RUCTION GO Sale days Monday, Wednesday and Friday; returns made on day of sale.
,, For stencils and information address]

roil TilE SALK cir Thos. H- Towns, fl' g' n.

Florida and California Oranges and Small Fruits,

AT .UC'l: 'ION.J .
+ooo square feet of /floor space. Ample cold storage capacity. Car I ot a Sprrlnllv. Ilr.ultswrd DO YOU KNOW we planuand' ; rnilirpUnUof ECONOMIC
| at on..I...* four +day R week. Our auction' sales are attended by fruit dealers the ropic *tMuiwaim climate of the I nUI I world
from all eter Western New York, Western Pennsylvania,Iff ttem Ohio and Canada. The originaland PR IMnUthattheKrhiroejuMbroacheflbyourllorUeul./ .
only Independent Auction Co. in Western New-rbrk Convenient to all railroad, Capitalnot [ UU IOU fxllUll turiU wan already HI/IMP/
limited. Quick sales" and prompt return& *. "IleinnnbiT till market Ica one of tli. h.*.,. a in our vela t some Florida people' up to A LIllIiU FACT I
W'f'have no opposition In the AnPHon business and reallte good prlers for nil ship- 'I 1 the times know this, and are quietly taking advantage of the opportunity
ments. of gtttlnp rare plant of u*. We can supply Aloe. Bamboo. Camphor Cinnumon. -
>ti' Coffee balberfjm. Kxcoeoari, ,
Kicuv Oamtioge.HernpHiul( ) Iron
Office and Auction Rooms 104 & 106 W. Market St. Buffalo N. Y. ,. bark Jujub Kola ogwood.. )lahogany. Nutmeg.<< : Olin Orange, Pepper
lei'.. awrrr Quercu. Rice-paper, Strychnine,Tea, Upas others...Was-myrtle, ",loa-
REFRKKHCES-Queen City Bank of Buffalo'/ N. Y ; Marine' Bank of Buffalo N.Y ;CUuens t Bank, + ma, Yucca. ZinfiHer plant and hundred of
Baltimore Md.;Continents! Bank, Baltimore Md ;any Commercial Agency. Florida Reference Send'lor our Urge catalogue,which tells all about it.IlKANOXEIi.
A. 1.1.1s..a.. ..Manager Florida Fruit Exchange.
C..u. ft. Cipher and Bcatterfood'a' Code, and California Cipher (revised). BROS., OHCCO, Fla.




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Surely effective and cheapest: material offered for the destruction of insects. Its proper use will kill tho spider, rust mite, anguil-
lulu, moving scale and fungus growths. It is a sure remedy for tho "foot-rot" and tho "blight" of the orange and tho wilt of the pineapple.
It will not only prevent tho oranges from rusting, but will greatly improve tho classification of tho fruit.

Spraying outfits in great variety at manufacturers' prices. ff fc Ff1 Ik I

Correspondence solicited. I E j F% A FII .

Jacksonville, F Ia. '



the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous

nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and h*.

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying tree

It is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, a* the

fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner itwill

also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.

Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at

& MILLER San Mateo and Citra Fla.




The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shipper i t.directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Hat-ana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., K.& W. Ry.between Jacksonville
,UtaevttU, Utiubrkt; {e, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charles ton, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
fUQ1IitHrt-aUun Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped fastest and mot' prompt line between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connection
A'O It Til 11U.'1J. SOUTH nOU.\'lJ.
Double daily fast' freight service for all points Weat via Albany. Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fart freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Calla
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all HaHern, Interior and han and Live Oak
Coast pointi. including New York Boston, Philadelphia Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the Bcd steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connection a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company leaving Savannah Mondays York(New Pier 35 North River,)direct for.....Savannah Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Satur
Wednesdays Fridays and Saturdays. days
Two connection a week for Baltimore via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company*steamers will leave Boston every Thursday at
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. J p. m. for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock-**.Savannah with fast freight trains for
Connections' for Boston via Bo ton and Savannah Steamship Company leaving Savannah everyThursday. all point in Florida.
'i From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,for Savannah October loth and Mth and every ten
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah days thereafter.
October 4th. I t From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday
bailing days for Steamships are subject change without notice. !; making dose connection with S.,F.& W. Ry.,for all points in Florida. '

The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to
O. D. OW11NS,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga F. 11. AFY, Division Freight Affent..Savannah Oat W. )I. DAVIDSON, G.n'l Passenger Aft,Jacksonville, its
F. 8. KNIG1IT, Contracting Fr.lcht Agtnt,Ja.ks,0"lIe, Fia J. H. BTKPUKVi, Oontraotlnff. Agent, Jacksonville, W1a.



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a -- -
TERMS OF SUIISCKIITION sisted that i had a new kind of pear. orchard was partly on the slope of a ground, which was covered wih:
For One Year .. '.oo If the hull ashes cannot be had the hill, and in a bottom that was always water for several weeks, a perfect bog,
For Six
la Foreign Countries 3.00 l.oo muriate of potash i containing 50 percent moist. In fact, the ground was so and yet they outgrew. all the rest, and
Subscriptions: in all canes cash in of pure potash can be bought. wet most of the time from the pres are now quite double as large as those
advance. No discount allowed on one'sown Three hundred pounds ot this sure above that his (father at first land either side.
standing on high on
subscription(except in a club)), but to
all agents a liberal cash commission will would be a good dressing, and 200 thought the trees would be drowned But this must not happen to a tree the
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby pounds dissolved bone I per acre, an out.Now first season it is planted. In low
them. Write for terms. excellent addition, as the muriate has for the third fact. The well ground I would set on a moderate
To every now subscriber wo will send, no phosphoric acid which the hull i known writer, B. F. J., of Home and l ridge and plow to it late in the spring,
postpaid, a copy Whitner's "Ganlen- Farm has stated for
in Florida" For two new subscribers ashes have. frequently sev- after the trees are well established.
ing at $2.00 each, we will send, 3. As stated in a recent issue of eral years, that by copious applicationof Don't fail to root prune as directed ina
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange your paper, I would cultivate clean water during every drouth over in former issue, and this r also believe
Culture.** for four years anywhere in Texas, and Illinois, he has maintained his pear I will insure healthy trees: even on mod-
Ilatea of advertising on application. i train low. I would then allow the 1 trees in perfect health while the blighthas i erately high land, but never plant an .J
Remittances should i he made by check,
all around him. Fact .
and several times raged
postal note money order or registeredletter ; grass to grow mow 4.Mr. apple or a pear on a hilltop. By
to order of during the glowing season, leavingall R. D. Blackshear, of Navasota, following the above methods and
Jo'.4ll.Ul AA'It I'Kir IT (lllUn-Joll cut grass on the ground. Strong where the blight has been most se I putting trees down to grass after the
.Jacksonvlllo, Fla. surface roots will then take possessionand vere and ruined all his bearing trees fourth or fifth year, mowing several 1
bring the trees into quick bearingof but one, wrote me last week that he times during the summer, and apply ."
NOTICE large, handsome fruit, and the treesif had lately received a letter from his ing a good dressing annually of wcod ,
If you receive a copy of this root pruned when set, will stand cousin, Mr. Tom Blackshear, of or hull ashes, or some form of potash
paper which you did not order, tht severest drought without flinch Georgia, who had just returned hometo and bone, I am confident that blight
consider it an invitation to sub-i i ing. Thomasville from the coast. He will become a thing .of the past all
scribe. If you do not want it, 4. We are entirely free from borers wrote that all the pear trees on the over the country.
kindly hand it to a neighbor. and codling moths, but our peachesare uplands of Georgia were looking very
stung by the curculio. I tried paris badly, but as soon as he struck the
last lowlands along the Atlantic coast The Diner '
green spraying thoroughly season .
but with little effect. they were fresh and healthy, and had
Cro' to and Orchard. very Strangeto
say, trees in grass have very few borne heavy crops.- Kdltett: by JOHN II.Fl li Ul a .\CII, Melbourne
worms. Fact 5. The single old pear tree
PEAR CULTURE. 5. The Kieffer is subject to some that is left of Mr. R. D. B.'s fine or. Presumptive Evidence of Fraud
rot, which begins about the first of chard at Navasota, is a tree grown This year the firm of Nunemacher
Plonty of Moisture is the Proven- September and quits entirely about the from a cutting stuck down near the & Piazza have given us very strong
tivo of Blight first of October. I sprayed with the front door, by :Mr. Blackshear's wife presumptive evidence of fraud. After
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower : Bordeaux mixture three times last years ago, and never moved. Here, allowing a wide margin for bad luckin
The following article contributedby spring, but I am sure I did it too soon Mr. Editor, comes in the value of unusual delay of fruit en route, for
me to Texas Farm and Ranch may and stopped too quick. I propose to root pruning, or rather, no root at all. inferior facilities for marketing and a ....
be interesting to the readers of your apply the copper sulphate in water This cutting sent its roots down deep for salesmen still the returns they
most excellent paper.H. alone next season, beginning the last into the moist subsoil, and though at sent were so far behind those sent ,by
M. STRINGFELLOW. i of July, with weekly applications until one time, somewhat affected, is the competing houses on the average that
Hitchcock,Texas.i. the last!) of September. The loss this only tree of Mr. B.'s splendid orchard grave grounds of suspicion have been
For the first four 1 fertilizedmy that survives.
years (from rot was very slight and presented. They were represented bya
pear orchard with annual applica the appearance of( the trust greatly im Now add to all these facts the additional well known Indian river man, in
tions of one ton per acre of cotton proved. ones, that we have old Duchess whose integrity I may say three-
seed meal and cultivated closely in Bartlett, Seckel and other varieties fourths of the growers, myself among
vegetables. These paid a good l profit 6. As to a blighting tree I would cut from twenty two to thirtythreeyears them, have the utmost confidence, as
and my trees practically cost me noth out the affected parts and apply potash old, within a mile of Hitchcock, he has been here many years and is .
ing. The fifth year i applied 1,000 freely. This might help, though the and that they and all the thousands of quite widely known and respected.
pounds per acre of cottonseed hull conditions that produced the blight LeConte and K-ieffer, ranging from lIe told me that he was satisfied that
ashes, and since then about 500 would likely do it again.Vhile i ican't I one to eleven years of age, are In per the house was thoroughly reliable andI
pounds of the meal one year and ashes tell you how to cure it, I think 1 I fect health, may we not conclude thata believe that he was and shipped them
the next. All of this sowed broad can tell you how to prevent it. This regular supply of moisture is a preventive accordingly. No return came in till
cast, nor has a single load of animal spectre of blight has been haunting me of the blight ? All admit that nearly two months after fruit was
manure ever gone on the ground. for years, and the puzzle has been to : it is a sap disease, and comes from a shipped and then for but ten percent .,
The result of this heavy fertilizing has find out how it is this coast country is derangement of the sap, whether it be of what I was led to expect from ex- "
been not only an extraordinary growthof entirely exempt from it,and to obtain owing to a late frost after growth has perience in past seasons and information
trees, but a surprising yield of fruit.I if possible, a rational assurance that it started, or from a long continued of markets this season. This
have today (the 221! of November) i never will come. I believe that I have I check 'from drouth, followed by warm, alone would hardly be enough to
I solved the riddle. I have been
shipped twenty-two boxes of Kieflers getting muggy weather and heavy rains. make me even suspicious, as a single
which have been on hand a week or 'facts for some time, but will mention That the best form of tree producedby shipment may meet with bad con-
more, and have still about fifty boxes only a few of the more prominentones close annual cutting back for sev- ditions which we cannot realize or obtain
left. This brings the total yield of,. which go to show that an abun eral years, resulting in a multitude of evidence of. But when I found
thirteen acres this season up to 9, 127 dant and continual supply of moisture shoots and leaves to take up and elab universal suspicion occasioned by the
forty five-pound boxes. which sold for i in the soil is a sure preventive blight. orate the sap during such a stimulat returns made nearly all growers who
$5245 net over all expense of picking, I have always suspected this, but have ing spell, is a great help, I am sure, had shipped this house 1 began to
boxes, freight and commission. I : never, until very recently, obtained though perhaps I have attached un get suspicious also. But we have so
attribute these results entirely to the I enough outside proof to base conclusions importance to it. far only presumptive evidence whichI

fertilizing and am sure from evidences ;i on.First Now, while all these facts are of the would not care to mention in print
around me that the natural soil with i I I read several years ago that greatest interest to us of the coast were it not coupled with positive
the best of cultivation would not have I. blight was also unknown on the low country, where the water lies near the proof of the very irregularity which
returned $1,000. I consider potash in lands around Pensacola. surface, guaranteeing us perpetual growers so often charge to com-
some form an absolute annual necessity I t Second, last summer young Mr. immunity from this dread disease of mission men. I have often heard a
for every bearing fruit tree, no I Norsworthy, of Giddings, spent a the pear, they are also of deep importto planter say as he looked over a handful .
matter how rich the soil may be. It '; morning with me, and having sold his interior planters. They teach that of returns : "I don't believe those

not only improves the quality, but :.father some pear trees years ago, I the proper location for a pear, and I commission men ever take any account
adds size to the fruit and causes it to I inquired how they were doing. He believe an apple orchard also, is on of sales; they answer our letter
hang on with wonderful tenacity. I said, splendidly, and that his older the lowest and dampest land to be and send us a small check and make
still have Kieffers clinging firmly to planting were loaded with pears. I had. The pear is as much a water account of sales and reports of bad
the trees, while elsewhere they drop asked about blight. They had none, plant as the willow. I have seen trees condition, etc. up in their offices to
ped off two months ago. The qualityof but all the other LeConte in his neigh that were overflowed several feet by suit the size of the check they have
my Le Conte is so improved that borhood were a failure; had either I the Brazos river for thirty days, and allowed us."
friend Huffman tells me that some of blighted, or just wouldn't grow. I seemed to thrive on it. Last May at Smith Bros packed up three ship-
the prominent fruit growers of Fort then inquired about the soil and lay Arcadia, just above here, I also saw ments of pineapples for Nunemacher
Worth did not recognize it, and in- :{1 j of the ground. He replied that the Le Conte trees that were set on low & Piazza. They were packed about


ten days or two weeks apart, and ered a reasonable price for a hothouse FIRST LAUREL
when they were placed on the bulk "pine," and even in this country as HASTINGS'

head a card was mailed the firm noti much has been paid for choice specimens
tying them ot the number of crates in of the fruit at the season when Is the leading early Potato for the Southern States Extra tock of Seed Potatoesnow
(: ready. Fii>t Laurel $5.00 per bbl.; Rural New Yorker Xo. 2, $4.75 per bbl.;
the shipment. Well, it so happened I j they are not in the market. Until Dakota Ked, $4.75 per bbL; Early Puritan, $4.75 per bbl.; Early: Sunrise,$4.75 per :
that the last lot of some twenty odd within a dozen years nearly all the bbl.; Early Hose, $".50 per bbl.: Early Beauty of Hebron, $4.50 per bbl.
crates was left on the bulkhead over a I pineapples raised for market were
week, because the Wolf had been car grown on the Bahama Islands whence
rying too many pineapples and gotten they are shipped by swift sailing- Catalogues are free on application. Seedsmen,
tired or had a sore toe, or something. vessels to New York or Liverpool.
At any rate he was not ready to take Today the principal pineapple 300 Acres In Nursery. Thirty-Fifth Year

away the fruit until a week after producing district of the world is in SJECIAL'1 IES:

Messrs. Smith were ready to have I the United States, on a group of five Specially adapted Florida and subtropical countries.
them and would FRUIT I TREES Teach Oriental Plums and Pears Japan Persimmons
expected small islands
they .
go or "keys" lying on the 'trawbnn .. Guava,Giant Loquat,etc., etc. Rare Conifer and Ilroad-leaved liver greens,Camel
start. But they had mailed the usual extreme southern part of Florida. Haw. Azaleas, Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown ! The
Grern Ilouoe l nt is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat
postal to their Foxes notifying them These keys are Elliot's, Old Rhoades, alogues free. Areas p. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta Ga.
that so many crates had been shipped Largo, Plantation, and Upper Meta- No Agents

them, and when the Wolf, in his own combe. On them less than 700 acres CIRCULARS OF

good time, got ready to move them, are devoted to the cultivation of

they were far too ripe to go to Chi "pines," but from this small area SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain

cagb or Kansas City, and so insteadof 4,500,000 pineapples were shipped to
billing them there they re- New York in one a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus
year Family which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and tested by us
stencilled them and sent them to shipment from the Bahamasfor in our extensive experience of seventeen years.. We carry one of
the Florida Fruit Exchange in the same year was about two thirdsof s
The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States.Send .
Jacksonville, who sent them account this amount, while less than a

ol sales the day they were made, million and a quarter were broughtinto :for circulars. Address R. W. PIBRC Sunset: JIm Lake Co., PIa,
and a check for their share soon after the United States from other -

ward. When, many weeks alter this, West Indian islands. The mainlandof FREE RIDE TO SEE

the Wolves had in their good time South Florida has also begun to ONE MILLION FRUIT TREES

decided to send proofs of their produce pineapples in great numbers.On ,
honesty and integrity to Indian River the Island of Culu the sugar ROSES, ETC. THE LARGEST STOCK EVER GROWN IN FLORIDA;
Will take R. R,fare from bill of tree to all who will come to Nursery and purchase to amount
for next year's business, they came planters are just beginning to convert 01 double R. R. fare. I can afford to make this offer as one pleased" customer means his future
across Smith Bros'. three 1 postals, their unprofitable canefields into pine- trade, also the trade of his neighbors. Club together and send one man from your neighborhood
before buying this fall. -
made out accounts 01 sale ot the three apple patches.: The Bahama pine- I am now preparing to plant for myself what will be the largest orchard in the county. Price
of stock as low AS the lowest for fint-clasI5tack. Catalogue tree
the condition and
shipments reporting of
apples are deteriorating on account
date of arrival ot each shipment the impoverishment of the soil, and Pomona Wholesale Nurseries.W. .

separately, selling price, freight, etc., the growers are turning their attentionto D. GRIPPING, Proprietor.Mncrtrnny .

etc all in due form, and the twenty sisal hemp. On the other hand, ....- -- -- _- linker-- -Co._, >._/"i

odd crates which the Fruit Exchangehad the area of "pine" lands in South JOHN CLARK SON & CO
sold East and sent returns lor Florida is being extended with each ,

weeks before, returned them the year, and such pains are taken in

same meagre pittance from Kansas gathering the crop that Florida GHOCEHS AND COMMISSION 1 MERCHANTS

City: as the two former shipmentsdid "pines," like Florida i oranges, now ,
to that place, which were actually command a better price than any -DKALHKS IK-

seu:, The gentlemen whom 1 designate others. b 4 Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
by the unusual name of Smith are
R Tho Newspaper Man. JACIC 01rVILL,1 FLA.
not known on Indian River by that
name. In fact, I have made use of it The maker of newspapers is popu THICK LIST-OF 'Vllt$K :Y.
conceal their larly supposed to be free, careless and .."'k..r..l 75OratigoVnllry .'. aiartlri It)'"............. ........ ....S 00#
to identity, which I ...... ..................... 2 OOrlnff "lrjlnlaUlatlfl. .............. ......... 4 00
know *o be their wish. Tneir modesty capricious; his veins running with "' VHllpy...... .. .... ............. 2 OO Old. llourbon........................... A OOKentucky
quicksilver his brain North Carolina Corn......... ......... :2 BO hour'leu"h .... ............ A'OO'
is not due to any natural diffidence, 1 constantly ; Clifton Club. ..... ............... Old Haker................... ......... ft OO
am sure, but mainly to the fear that sparkling like salt in a fiery furnace. Montrose Velvet............ .. .. 80 00
Nunemacher & Piazza will hear But he is very numerously a dreary Jugs Kxtra: : One gallon, ajc.; two gallon,*oc.; three gallon, ?$c. Remit .by pot office money
order,check or registered letter. We cannot snip C.O. D. to dry towns.A .
of their unbusinesslike error and drudge, fettered, hum drum, and care complete price list of Groceries and Wine List sent free on application.

sight-draft them lor the amount ot worn, with just enough patronage to JOHN CLARK SON & CO.

that last check. I could not say that secure him a grudging credit at the ___ u ____ ___ __ __ .____ ,
they suspect them of dishonesty, only I grocer's and tailor's and a sufficiencyof '
that they do not credit them with ambition to regard himself as a Standard Guano & Chemical M'f'g Go' .

that grand whole-souled generosity, nursling of immortality. A trade ,

which believes it is better to be too newspaper ought to make him more ivo.14 Union St., Neiv Orleans, La.

liberal than run the risk of appearingin practical and, perhaps, it sometimes MANUFACTURED OF fc-

the least penurious in financial does, for it never denies the regimenof High Grade Animal Bone Fertilizers
transactions. hard work to even those who occupy
Very likely, however, they plan to its "softest" positions; but it is Raw and Dissolved Animal Bone., .
oftener an ignis fatuus to him
double sale tempt
carry on new : system CU R NTEED.
with their entire and into the mire more inextricable.-
crop next year OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.;
Produce Trade
while they market their fruit with the Reporter.. Jacksonville, Fla.
Exchange where it is safe, favor Nu- 0
The Florida Central & Peninsularhas
nemacker & Piazza with as many decided to change the name of the '
postal cards as they care to pay for at BUDDED ROSES !
station Hart's Road to Yulee, in honor
to 20 dollars apiece.
of Senator David L. Yulee, who built
---- ----
About Pineapples.In the road between Fernandina and Ce

England and all over Europe dar Key, and who was its presidentfor for catalogue and price-list to

peneapples or "pines," are eaten only long years.Chinamen I-Instin&.rs;. & "ylie,

by the few who can afford to raise who reside in Cuba two Iritr1ckc 1 url, 11ctliAIE
them in hothouses or pay the ex years, become Spanish citizens. It is -

tragavant prices for which they are under a claim to Spanish nationalitythat GEORGE NURSERIES.Writo : .
sold the Youth's Companion. So they hope to dodge the Geary
says to \\". \\". Hawkins it Sons for their new catalogue of orange, lemon...
law and into this
rare are they on the other side of the come country. and grapefruit trees.

Atlantic that they are sometimes hiredto Some orange growers are plowingand Our Specialties are: Ruby Orange, Triumph Grapefruit and Sanford's
impart a crowning glory to ban fertilizing for next season's crop. Thornless Sicily Lemon, the latter declared by experts in California to be the
quets, where they may be admired Other growers will wait until Jack finefct lemon yet brought to the notice of the grower there, analyzing higher In
and longed for, but not eaten. In Frost gets through with his pranks for quantity and quality of acid than any other variety.
is consid 'V.7', I-Ia."ldn.s; & SOX1.Q .; .
England a pound, or $5, the season. ar etows, P1_. .I


: '




-- ----
..-,.- -

Formulas and Material for Orange; in this case it must prove a sedative a saving to use nitrate of soda alone Although it makes more expense I
Grove Fertilizing. rather than a stimulant. though in early summer 1-5 to 1-4 of think it is usually more desirable on

{Concluded from pale tit.] The really dangerous fertilizers, the ammonia as nitrate of soda mightbe most soils to break up and pulverizethe
Editor Partner and Fruit-Grower t however, are those in which the beneficial. summer sod in the fall and for this
Muriate of potash and kainit are work the harrow and
is and cutaway the hoe
In cereal practice has nitrogen organic equals or exceeds -
that reverted crops phosphoric acid proven when in percentage the potash. Say out of the question when fine quality do not tear roots and they leave soil in
thoroughly harrowed in is almost for instance 4 to 6 or 8 per cent. in oranges is desired, and the experiments much better condition than plowing.A .
equally as efficient as water-soluble ammonia, 8 to 10 per cent. available of Prof. Smith with peach yel moderate root pruning in the fall
phosphoric acid. Though the latter phosphoric acid and only 3 or 4 percent lows in Delaware would indicate that is also, like girdling the navel, an in-
they have little or no influence as a centive fruit
diffuses somewhat in the soil, yet in a potash. If organic nitrogen is to bearing, but cultiva
short time it becomes reverted also, used solely and potash also up to the preventive of that disease.I tion while the trees are putting out
am surprised, however, that Prof. bloom and is
and both are now calculated by the proportion for nitrates under some young growth pretty
experiment station chemists at the conditions no apparent harm may be I Smith did not use a complete fertilzer sure to cause young fruit to drop.
same value pound. In done, but where the soil is deficient in i of sulphates only in his experiments The soil should be let alone in winter
per orange .to see if sulphuric acid com and till the
culture, however, soluble phosphoricacid potash and not enough is furnishedfor spring young fruit is prop.
pounds would not stimulate or fortifythe and the
is considerably more valuable nitrates one or a combination of erly young growth hardened
several The sap to resist this constitutional up. During April and May or
than the reverted, especially for those processes may happen.
who mulch and cultivate latent potash in the soil may be drawnon disease.In until the rainy season begins, moderate
growers very lightly, as when a chemical fer if available, part of the nitrogenmay fact chlorine compounds in working to make a soil mulch isa
tilizer is sown on the surface the rains be wasted by evaporation, or it Florida have a very general reputation ,I protection against drouth, but mulch
will carry down and diffuse consider may be absorbed, partly as nitrate of as retarders of development in strips of forest grass and growth down
able of the soluble phosphoric acid lime, making soft wood or tender orange juice flavor. the tree rows answer the same pure
of properly acidulated bone, bone creased fruit; or, worst of ail, the Ground bone is slow and when used: pose and only the alleys nerd be cul
with a high percentage of potash the tivated. When the .
black or bone ash in connection with products of putrefaction may be di- rainy season be
absorbed the nitrogen it contains is insufficient. gins I let the grass 'grow,
the soluble sulphates of ammonia and rectly by trees, producing mowing
potash, the three elements being constitutional diseases. These I think few orange growers can really usually twice during the summer letting
afford to wait two, three or four the first lie the
blended together in the soil for effects are exaggerated by using with- years on ground for
for it to be made available by mulch and all the
nitrification and absorption, though it out any potash such material as grass making hay I use
is probable that part of the sulphateof blood, blood and bone, tankage, fish and other vegetation which are much from the second cutting. It is safer
cotton-seed meal, more active solvents than orange and cheaper to make the soil its
ammonia is often directly absorbed, scrap, etc., especially grow
without nitrification, at least to the in connection with active cultivation roots. In (fact as a matter of supply humus than to cart it The principlesthat
of our soils have enough phos the selection of materialfor
many govern
capacity of the plant albumens to contain laboratory experimentshave
phates already, but it is desirable even sale
sulphur. shown that nitrification prcceeds fertilizing appear to me simpleand
sometimes 100 times faster where soil on these soils to have a small per- I believe) those I have stated are
Now instead of using an amount of is kept thoroughly stirred, and it centage of soluble phosphoric acid to correct. These questions, however,
sulphuric acid that: will produce 12 is kept up at the expense of the keep the vital processes of the sap in have been disguised and distorted i before
to 13 per cent. soluble phosphoricacid humus. healthful operation.It the public by an enormous
and 1 4 to 2 per cent. ammonium is useless for the venders of amount of interested, erroneous and
sulphate from raw bone only The coarse, rank growth and fruit waste animal and phosphate materialto evasive information, fabricated and
one half as much acid is used, and 18 caused by the gross forms of nitro urge ten per cent. available phos published by the manufacturers and
per cent. reverted phosphoric acid genous fertilizers are too well knownto phone acid in complete fertilizers on sellers of so called hi grade fertile
and 2 to 3 per cent. ammonium sul need further description. These intelligent orange growers, for four or izers compound of !:1\\- rnde ma
phate are claimed if the mixture fertilizers in quantity are incompatiblewith five per cent. of this phosphoric_ acid terials. E. S. II unnARD.
stands long enough to be thoroughlyacted thin-skinned high-flavored fruit. worth $4 40 to $5-50 in the ton is -
on by the acid. Now bone The 90 per cent. grade of sulphateof practically a waste of material, as it Domestic and Foreign Lemons.
black and bone ash contain only the potash contains twice as much cannot be healthfully assimilated by The Florida lemon season, which
phosphate of lime ot bones and are potash as the 50 per cent or double the fruit.I commenced early in September, is
very uniform in composition, while manure salt and is nicer to handle, as have never been able to see any about ended. Only small portion of
raw bone contains more or less organic the sull| hate of magnesia ot the latter ultimate profit in the use of compostsof the clap, estimated variously from
matter and moisture, and per. has a tendency to cause lumps, but I potash, lime, phosphates, etc., 25,000 to 50,000 boxes, came to this
centages of bones thus treated will consider that the 50 I per cent. is more with muck, stable material or organic city. The percentage of handsome
vary considerably as to the quantityand than worth the difference of expensein rei use. Trees can be made to grow Florida oranges has been small, the
condition of the phosphoric acid cost and freight for orange grow- vigorously and take on a dark green bulk being rusty or "horny," and
and would be but little better than ing. 1 would also call attention to color, but the vital effort of leaf prices have been unsatisfactory to the
bone flour as a dependence for quick the fact that the high grade sulphateis growth for summer is by no means growers. The average freight on a box
acting phosphoric acid when sown on sometimes used to guarantee a fertilizer equal to that of fruit growth, of lemons from Florida to New Yorkis
the surface.I with the potash as sulphate for a box of oranges probably fifty cents, while from Sicily the
believe that treating phosphaterock but the ammonia and phosphoric acid contains, including seeds, as much air- cost of transportation is but thirtytwocents
with sulphuric acid for produce of inferior material, as it takes only dry tissue as all the yearly foliage ona with duty amounting to as
ing reverted phosphoric acid is prac- one-quarter of the mixture as go percent tree capable of bearing ten boxes. much more. The railroad charges
tically out of date, as the acid attacks sulphate of potash to analyze 12 At the same time two boxes of coarse from California on a similar packageare
and converts the carbonate of lime or 13 per cent. actual potash, insteadof fruit are not equal to one box of fancy, eighty seven and a half cents, but
first, and if much carbonate is presentthe one-half of the 50 per cent. or double smooth, thin-skinned, high flavored or the crop in California is small, and as
phosphate of line may not be manure salt. anges in net market returns, while the yet only specimen lemons have been

attacked at all and will remain insol Take_____ _for__ _instance_________ Iblood' _____ and_n_ small saving in first cost of fertilizers--- -- seen here. Nearly three million boxesof
uble bone at $30 per ton and l/((9o percent made of low grade, inharmonious lemons came into the United States
Sulphate ot ammonia, unlike nitrateof at $48, the mixture for materials material is no insurance against the from Mediterranean ports during last
soda, remains in the soil under would cost $34.50, and should analyze additional risks of insects and consti- year. The lemon season with local
ordinary conditions until it is nitrifiedbut say 5 per cent. ammonia, 3 percent tutional diseases. I would apply as dealers begins November ist, when
I do not consider that manufac available, 6 per cent. insoluble to size of trees 800 to 1,200 poundsof the first new Sicily lemons are due,
turers who use only the sulphate of phosphoric acid, 12 per cent. potash.Or complete chemical sulphate fertil and continues the year through.
ammonia contained in acidulated a chemical fertilizer could be madeof izer per year, about two-thirds to be While the over-importation of Mediterranean
bones use largely of the chemical. i5f nitrate of soda, #+dissolved put on and stirred in lightly from lemons last year has left a [
Organic nitrogen material remaining phosphate rock 5, 90 per cent. sulphate November 15th till not later than large supply of old stock on hand,
on the surface will lose considerable potash at a cost of say $31, to January 1st, and the balance sometime there are just now no good lemons to
of its value unless the weather is rainy analyze 4 per cent. ammonia, 6 percent I in May, or a larger applicati Incan be had here. During November of
during its decay. Potash in excess available phosphoric acid, 12 be made in May if trees are out last year 120,000 boxes of new crop
of the needs of nitrification must be per cent. potash. The nitrate of of condition.To Sicily lemons were sold in New York,
unavailable or lost unless by workingor soda in the latter, however, would be those who do not like to work but none have yet reached this port
otherwise the humus of the soil is liable to leach out of reach before it groves in the fall I would say that this season. The first cargo of Messina
decomposed and it thus becomes a could be combined with the potash as when this high grade soluble materialis lemons is, however, expected
base of nitrates. but little nitrate of soda is absorbedas used the effect is nearly as good daily, and another steamer carrying
Potash in some of its other forms such by orange trees, and the dissolved without working as with it, but perennial above 20,000 boxes of the same high
may be absorbed in small quantitiesby rock reverts much more quickly grasses get some start in the trade; is due this week.--Garden and
orange trees in the soil water, but than bone material. It would not be spring. I I Forest. .

k "





Importers of Manufacturers of -

Sulphate I t Potash t B'EflE LORI DA .
From Germany
+ s- ,

HIGH GRADE SULPHATE Trees, Strawberries,

9o-% P cent. $46.00 per ton. \ t 1 Pineapples.
t !
:: & 4 z
DOUBLE MANURE SALT, / ; r Write for a -

**- per cent. Sulphate Fotah, .
l .,' Pamphlet Giving
r; % i ;
f*7.oo per tou,Tree on board cor .
Jacksonville, 11!..
{ Ptlll partlc lars
To -
Also Urge buyer of
1 East Bay Street,

Every Kind of Jacksonville, Fla.


Raw Material a e tl A Little,


------ ------- -
Orange Futures. Mediterranean.t.12 per box. I should do our own refining and get
To my mind it is a question of the Florida. FfI1ElJi'l]\ ]ft eI'RtJcIER{ the benefit of the advance. Wheneverthe

survival of the fittest: it is not which California. 1.32 tL fa market so changes that we can
Cane Crop at St. Cloud. make more in refining, we shall do so
is indeed the finest but which
orange To this must be added the value of "
will sell the best, that all fruit men the fruit itself. Florida has the great To a reresentative of the Citizen, of course.--B| >__ -,- ai MMMMM
must consider. Even if the Sicily advantage of low freight and no duty, who happened to meet the great Flor Skunks and Whito Grubs.
oranges were as good: or sold as well l while her fruit sells above the others.It ida developer at the depot, Mr.[ Diss- While working among my straw
here as those grown in this country, it must be remembered, however, that ton talked very interestingly about the berry plants lately, I noticed wherea
must be remembered that with a dutyof I am figuring the cost in New York sugar crops raised by his companies. skunk had stuck his nose into the
30 cents per box, a freight of 32 for all these oranges, because the "It will reach nearly 2,000,000 ground close to the plants, and had
cents, as it is to be this coming season, freight to the Western cities from pounds this year," he said, "and the also rooted up a few plants in searchof
commission and auction charges of say Florida is almost double what it is to harvesting is now going on very rapidly the large white grub that eats the
10 cents, and a cost of 40 cents for this city. and most satisfactorily. The grinding roots and kills the plants. A few
the box, paper, nails, packing and At present the Florida orange of the cane began about a month years ago I had a strawberry bed on a
shipping, this equals $1.12 per box, stands at the head, and with equal ago, and the grinding season is now at piece of ground that was full of grubs,
without the cost of the oranges being quality and condition it will bring its height. The cane is showing well and after the parent plants were quite
taken into consideration. At less than more money than any orange grown and the yield of saccharine matter is large, the ate them badly; but
50 cents per box in Sicily for the fruit Will it continue to do so ? Will it prolific, but not so much as it in visiting the bed in the morning, I
alone, I am confident that growers and improve or will it degenerate ? Will would have been if the October could see where the skunks had followed -
shippers cannot possibly send it, sowe* California come to the front, or will gales had not slightly injured the growing the rows, and had taken out
have a total cost on a moderate calculation some other point produce finer fruit in crop. the worms under one-half of the
of $1.62 per box for the Mediterranean ten or fifteen years from now ? These h nEAT DOWN TilE CANE STALKS. plants in the places where the worms
orange, against which the are all matters for thought, and with "The heavy winds beat down the were: plenty. When these worms are
oranges grown in America must com same I leave the subject. II. W. Dayin cane stalks over a large area of the at work, if one will take the troubleto

pete.The Fruit Trade Journal. plantation, not wholly in any one part, go through the beds in the heat of
charges on a box of Florida but here and there. Those broken of the day, he can easily find them.
oranges are about as follows: 35 Orange buyers) in this section are course have to go into the mill along Where there is a grub eating the roots
cents for box paper, nails packingand paying but thirty-five cents a box on with the best ones, and their inferiority of a plant, the new leaves in the cen-
cartage to shipping station; 15 the tree, and to add to our trouble the affects the whole product to a certain ter will be wilted and lopped down
cents average local freight in Floridato tariff is to be reduced to sixteen centsa extent. We look for an aggregate first. By digging under one side of
Jacksonville, 35 cents freight to New box, lower than it has ever been crop of sugar reaching well up to 2,' the plant carefully, the grub may be
York, ((5 cents less by one line), and before. Orange growers still con 000,000 pounds. But for the October found, and the plant saved. With a
say 10 cents commission, auction tinue blue. DeLand Item. gales the yield would have been fully little practice one can take two rows at
charges, etc., ergo, 95 cents for all 2,500,000 pounds. In fact, the tests a time, and go over an acre quite
----- -------- -
without the fruit. for saccharine three weeks prior to the quickly, and by so doing save a bed
The charges on a box of California storm showed results much better that otherwise would be ruined; (for if
oranges are heavy, simply owing to than those three weeks after it, while the grubs are not taken out at once,
the high freight to New York or Chi-- the saccharine in that time ought sure tbey will sometimes go from one plant '
cago of 8154 cents per box. Add to ly to have shown a decided increase. to another, until each one has destroyed
this 35 cents for the box, etc., and 10 i -- But the storm seemed to temporarily five or six plants, and, if the
cents commission, etc., gives $1.3234 paralyze the work of nature." worms are plentiful, they will destroythe
per box without the fruit. This freightis \\\ While the mills of the Florida Sugar whole bed. The year that these
certain to be reduced, however, be uI Manufacturing Company at St. Cloudare grubs troubled my plants so badly, I
cause the fruit cannot possibly standit fitted up with all the latest devicesin was advised to salt the ;round. I put
and efforts are now being made to modern machinery, including a su on so much salt that it killed the
secure a reduction to So cents per box. \ perb refining plant, the company is plants, but the worms still lived.
It will be some years in all probability I not refining the sugar this }'ear.V'e Green's Fruit Grower.In .
before any very heavy quantities of I ORANGE PACKERS, found," explained Mr. Disston, "that Florida the kildee is equally
these oranges come as far East as ATTENTION I there was a little more money in it for good a friend of the berry grower. It
You can save a cent a box by making
this city, although I fully antici !boxes on us by selling it to the sugar refiners. probes the ground around the plantsin
pate heavier receipts each succeedingyear. Mason's Patent Adjustable Revolving\ Box The product loses somewhat in weightby every place which gives any indication
the refimrg process, and this meansa of the presence of cutworms or
On the above calculation, allowing Machine, slight loss to us in the bounty and at grubs, of which it devours a large
duty, freight, etc., as given, it shows r--.1PICI-C.'rarmnt lto: make- a-perfect P..i'?box..GO. present another slight loss in the selling number.
9 I
the actual expenses on a box of oranges -- Manufactured. by price. If there were just now a Horsford's Acid Phosphate
from the tree to the wholesale' mer- HAWTHORNE" ,S. 31 0011- K, FLORIDA greater difference between the {price of Makes an Inrlgnratln Drink
chant here to be: Mend for Particular" raw sugar and the refined article, we I with water and sugar only. Delicious.

-- .. a. ..,.
. : :: """" """"" .h J

rI -
have'nt the money to pay for fowls at and being much hardier, certainly a turned her great eyes on me and ut
I Poultry the prices Mr. Felch quotes. reasonable farmer would! say they tered a platrtivc moon Actually I couldcarcely

- ""' The demand for breeding stock is were more desirable and profitable keep from crying for the l poor

Edltd- -- by E. W. AMSDEN Orraond. Fla. limited and the price also, eggs ditto. than poultry Poultry of course hasa little smelled tl1in of tho. Presently corn and ,then however took it. she

wwwwHunter's Mr. Hunter gives his statement: both separate market from ducks. Many In the afternoon 1 brought down u light

Egg Account. ways, from the practical[ and fancy, people dislike ducks, preferring nice rocker and some mowing and tat in an adjoining -
Forscvcral years we have publishedthe says : There is more money in market ender chickens any time. There is, stall a couple of hours. 1 then fell
amual statement of Editor Hunter poultry and eggs than selling breeders, however, a strong and increasing demand her, nut! she allowed me to rub her neck.

of farm Poultry, and now we give the latter necessarily incurs a large for ducks, and many who never fetal Three! with days her afterward, brush(her 1 could down go and into milk the

his 189 93 record, which is not quiteas additional expense, which will require liked them before are buying them h iier, and in two weeks she was following

good as last year, which was a net years of advertising to overcome.E. for their table. me about the yard like a pet j lamb. She
profit .f $2.70 per hen. Average \\'. A. Pekin ducks being white and having i is dill a little afraid of Grangers! and

number of fowls kept was 297. Total Ormond. Fla., Dec. 15, '9) yellow legs, are more beautilul move away when they approach her, but
-.-. -- this timidity I in wholly duo, I am tatkflcd
number for the ,
eggs year, 35,541. dressed for market than some to the wild
rough manner in which she
Average price 28c per dozen. Duck Raising.It others. This brings buyers at high was raised, for her calves are as ,gentle

Cash received for eggs . $ 783.04( is wonderful how rapidly the prices! an advantage when you aim anti tame an any one could wi h. In fact,
Cash received for fowls. 354.34 raising of ducks for market h Market ;price of breeding stock \Vo have been obliged to keep
within the There duck, drakes in some instances \veiji- every one
>sold . . 1;6,15 past ten years. wasa of them tied or yank! to keep them out
time when poultr} men were so ing ten and eleven pounds each, but of the house! and to prevent them from

Total. . . $1,313.53 wrapped up with their "f.incy"; vari these weights are excessive and nut annoying visitor Handling makes the
Food for fowls tf92.04 eties of high class fowls that the duck as frequent= as six or eight pounds, or di p08ition. .\ properly !handled Jersey
Food for ekes 200 98- 043.02 was.: considered an ordinary 51| ecimen from t twelve to fifteen pounds to the cow i is the gentlest animal in the world.
.fowl worth attention pair. They are the best duck We use large quantities of fresh fruits
of laying
paying to
Total profit . $ 070.51 ; and Graham gems; in our family, and
Or S2. -6 each net, for year ending besides. they erroneously imaginedthat that we have and very rarely wish to these require lot of both cream and but-

Sept 30, 1803. they could not be reared withouta sit. They grow fast, mature early, ter, and I also mo butter in my i ic-crut,

This is the fourth or fifth annual large pond or stream of water, and are extremely hardy, points very cakes and cookies, and our little Jersey

statement we have given of Mr. Hunt which of course was an absurd thing. desirable.: and sought for in either a know is the of only, that cow could we ever owned, or that I
To hundreds them and land or water fowl. -Ohio Farmer.Lil'e nearly supply us.
day keep successfully
er's and the lowest-yet this would be For coffee' and tea, and also! 'for fruit, I
satisfactory to the most of us. Several too, without anything but a -I find her cream is too tick and stiff, but

years ago when we were making more trough or small eight by twelve foot by adding an equal quantity of milk and
of a business of eggs for market than hole filled with a layer of clean gravel !( tOC.I stirring it well it is! just right and deli-
we are now, we hada pen of 22 White and flooded with water to the depth One of the best characteristics
of tho
Leghorn pullets that netted us $3.17 of two or three feet, this answering as Taming a Badly-Raised Jersey Jerseys is that for each pound of good,
a bath for several hundred ducks. Cow.A. food we give them we get, full value in

each.We are frequently asked by letter In northern Massachusetts, on a J.C. C. Prize Kmay" by Mr. Carrie UaUlry.s for return. hey 1 are simply) living machines
and otherwise for off color stock, the farm of about forty acres a Yankee .\ our lot \h not a very large one, and converting: food into cream and but

parties stating they want them (for eggs farmer last year bred 10,000 ducks, mo\t: of it net to fruit of diiTerent kind, ter.I feed our little cow oats, bran, coarse
and it's about the them incubators we decided, when we first I>egan hou>e-
only, usually com hatching artificially by ly-ground ('Orn. hay: and aweetcorn stalks,
mencement of the laying season. If : of his own invention, and his suc keeping, to buy our milk and butter. WeNxm surplus beets, etc., from the garden., I
Uncovered, how ever, t that t this i was
we ask them $1.So each for such stock cess has been astonishing. Last year the largest! : bill we hud to. meet, while the al.H uce! her for a lawn-ntowtr, and instead -
it's surprising to them; but when we his sales reached over $7,000 and his butter was often of third-rate quality) and into of wasting) the grass,{ she converts it
cream. I tie one end of
a one
stop to figure, we find the hen will net net profits were over $4,000. D'i the milk was very thin and blue. After inch rope about her horns, slip quarter the-

us in eggs $1. So, and then we should you call duck cu'ture profitable or came considering to the the conclusion matter' :*that ome time could, we leg of my chair through, a loop on tl.e
have the carcass to dispose of, whichis not ? There are maay farmers who better wo other and she eats the grass. around me
onrto'eh'' by keeping a cow of our
worth 60 cents to a dollar, depend. could with proper management do own, HO we bought one, a great big) while To I read or the ew. ,
the breed of the fowl. half well which would creature that raid sum up practical' part of this
ing on as mean more wan to give! a river of matter. I IlInd
that if we were to sellone.half
milk and make lot' of butter.
actual cash for the labor bestowed of her production at
In letter in Southern than derive (from their We found that she did give: lots of market regular
a recent Fan- they now hay, prices, the amount received l
milk, but little buttt'r in it, HO after
cier Mr. I. K. Felch is asked to ex corn, wheat and oat crops. To dwell o keeping her very a few wtn-ks, we sold, her would pay tho whole coot of her keeping.

plain a statement he made-that your markets should not be over and tried 1 another, and then another, nil That is good enough.for. anybody.
$1,000 as capital and a willingness to fifty miles distant, for freight or ex- large: cows; but a little figuring; Hitfcfle ----- --- -

put in nine hours work a day, a man pressage.: soon eats up the profits. us that their feed curt: t more than all the A bad to beginning look for entitles the orangegrowers
and! butter obtained from them a ,good:: ending.r .
cream we
by raising 460 chickens per annum The Pekin is the duck to raise for
was! worth. My husband. sold. the last
and the keeping as stock 260 fowls, market. There are other good ducks. ono trail declared would have nothing)

should in New: England make or secure The Aylesbury and Rouen are very more to do with cows*, Hut I wiw very
for that labor $750 to $Iooo. popular and by some considered bet anxious to try a genuine Jeivey, and aftera -

This, he says, applies to New En- ter than the Pekin, but we venture to : .good deal of coaxing finally persuaded:

land, but in the South cost of building say the number of Pekin ducks sold in him When to buy our one neighbors: heard of it they -. rfcttfc rtrt

is less and consequently it leaves our markets today far exceeds the poked all sort' of fun at U'h)' don'tyou 7iftvi ** ,
more mon y to invest in stock, or other kinds. The Pekin is.! a white, buy a wild deer?" a'.ked one *Huy
in other words the stock could be large and beautifully formed duck a Jei>ey and a jack-rabbit," f paid another, The Majority\ Rules.And .
doubled for the money; and as the and has every essential point to com. "and you; will have a team)!
The"idea( that Jerseys are naturally when it says rrotection It not in it." we
labor in a warm climate is not as mend it for table purposes. You can wild I find submit Have selected best farm fence for the
prevails* quite extensively
could for select the breed that best suits \ slaughter. Knocked down workmen s wages,
the attendant care the
great your among people who nave but little robbed agents' commission, strangled manufac
increase in numbers and the same market, and hatch, if possible, all!1 knowledge of this breed of cattle. Nothing turer's profits,and will serve up the remains in

profits ought to be expected in the your eggs in incubators, doing away could be further from the truth, as I Ii a new list January** the tst.Nererthele felled. || | Spring! Friar, '
South as in New England. I nearly altogether wit h the old plan of f hall show.After itself, stands unalterably for PROTECTION,
looking about for some time, now, henceforth and forever.
He further adds that if the resultsI hatching under a hen. Twenty-eight my
hu<*hind purchased one from a man who PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.. Adrian
I claim are to be reached the days it takes to hatch the eggs. You kept a herd. She was two years old, a Mich.

thoroughbreds must be combined with often get them out a day or two wee 'bit of a thing, and had! been raU...
the practical end of the business anda earlier when you have a reliable in in a large; pasture where no |person had( Nerve Blood

house suitable to the fancier and cubator. They are always reared touched her. She had d row ed! a calf Tonic Builder
about A week! before l we bought her.
breeder, also the overflow houses (for under brooders the same as chickens. When they brought, her to us! a man

the eggs produced.Mr. They eat about the same as young was" walking: on each side of her with a
Felch can't understand the chicks and are (far less subject to sick 'el to her head, while another ._.. 4
situation in a new and sparsely settled ness, growing hardy on milk oatmeal followed with a hiVhip. They tied her H Hmil I l
the stable and I her.
country, like Florida for instance.If and small green foods, after they area looked at me with went her great to see, dark c'csas She

one in every twenty engaged in few days old, the aiet being coarseras thought I.was! going: to kill her on the

raising poultry should cater to the they increase in size. At ten !fipot, then j-pruntr into the manger.; My( i ',. dt'+Ptndfbr cr1Ws.
fancy, how many do you suppose weeks yes, even at nine they are hu>and wo. obligtnl 1 to tie her so sal e P&OJI.bleL
would sell enough eggs to hatch or frequently marketed, bringing from could scarcely move in onler to milk her. I WILLIAMS'
following morning went to the
breeders to pay for the wire that eighty cents to $1.75 per pair when stable ami offered her an ear of corn, :Stir. MEDICINE CO.,
rounds their runs ? There is not sur-I chickens sell at sixty to seventy five holding it in my hand. At first she triedto "fir b.< FchencctaJy, N.Y

demand for the stock, and cents a pair. Costing no more to rear break away, but finding herself fast, IS fur bl4o. ?4 Brockvlllc.OnlTHE
i .


...". C


{State pfews Our' Dural' jlome. Orange Trees I \ S

..........- .......
Mr. Cutler far has forwarded Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. !
so only St. Thomas, Fla. Lemon Trees
200 boxes of tangerines earlyin S S --% < XNX'M S<"WS -< '

the season, for which he realized A Greeting to the Now Year 1894. -- -

$900, and is confident he will get a I
fair price for his now on the A guest I I.knocking-he's comely and youngAt -
crop the door of Our Rural Home; The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries(
trees. The ChrUt ma*chimes have nil been rung
The Christmas carol have all been dung,
The Florida lemon crop for the Wide open the door to our guest is flung,

same season has been estimated va And heartily ay we-come I have: on hand! the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the'ataidard: va-

riously at (from 25,000 to 50,000 Come A h'in-Ma'ter'q come in.!-! young stranger guest rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiirnnd Jaffa in two-year buds, from fiveto

boxes. The shippers paid on this Come sit at our board-come, eat with the rest, puven feet high. I recognize the fact that it'd hard times, and propose to sell at
1%e've a big f..mi1 '. east and west
crop, which was carried from one nut) let me prttty explain (and no jest, hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange
fifth to one-sixth the distance of the Nor yet IIn anology-'tU our beO.) Write for prices.
other, over twice the freight. A Why we have not better and more. ,I. E. GILLETT Prop.,

large percentage of the Florida lem Your prece!*or-old '9,;- Weinwlale. Fla
You met him just now, no doubt .
ons were bad stock, which is charac A very bad man ger, air. waS he, -- --- -
teristic of Florida shipments general And left our land in the fix you see; NURSERIES OF THE
\\'uu1tl1ikf' to have been our mortgages
ly.-Braidentown Journal. nut we flatly told him we'd not Agree
So It: that the old man was out Milwaukee Florida CD.
Wild geese have been seen and Opiqge
GROWER has to toil
killed recently on Lake PanasofTkee, Ince*'antly night and day,
which is rare thing for this To plant and hatvett in heat and moil Selected< Mrains of Choice Varieties oi Citrus Fruit Tree a Specialty.
a very To garner the fruits of the Florida soil. Duddin .WC)('for ate at all time,
country. George W. Marsh, who And often finds! something, at lat, to foil- Our .luck i*large ant complete.l PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRKSPONDKNCH.
resides not a great distance from the And always the devil" to pay. For Catalogue and Price-1.1st, address

lake succeeded in killing and secur- Hut "pay as we go," l in our motto still- A. L. DUNCAN. Manager, Dunedin Fla.
And a very good rule for all;
---------- --
ing one on Thursday of last week If heaven help*-and we think it will-
of slippers, as even here, one may Florida Oranges Twenty Years
that measured 'five feet from tip to -
the :MILLS.The contract a cold if determined to be Ago. .
tip, and wounded another that he ( great mogul that the hopper) fill.). .
failed An old observer And the mill hand great, and small. reckless in the matter; and a sacque The Christmas number of the N. Y.
to get. saysthis
or jacket of flannel should always be Fruit Trade Journal is a fine
is the first time that wild geese We hope to grind for you 94, very
:. A finer grade of "grits;" hanging in a convenient place, for number. The most interesting article
been in this in.
have seen country Here are choice fruits of our own lair shore
We've plenty of "Rand." if nothing more, morning and evening wear. to Floridians is one contributed by
eight or ten rcars.Sumter County Doth kind needed, now as of ). Our table does boast of the
( are yore not
.. Mr. Horace W. Day. on orange
Times. .And.. _a of__ hits. r" W
time-honored turkey today, but a I industry. Following is one paragraph
F. T. Parker, who lives about five We'd like much more that is good and"game"The large platter of fine fat roast quail is
of it:
piney woods have plenty of that; I
miles south of Sanford, says that the And here i is! a di')h that i i.jut the name "a dish fit to set before the king," "Twenty a few oranges
did much in That find at Delmonico's, minus the fame; years ago
recent cyclone damage you
and the
If you do not Yike, ve're not to blame, roly-poly pudding prepared commenced to come here from Florida
that locality. It was distinctly a Perhaps your taste is flat. from( mincemeat (which itself holds a and were received mostly by

cyclone, the first in that vicinity since Now there in a problem 'twixt you and me. secret worth knowing) is better-so houses not directly in the fruit trade.
1879, previous to which they were Young, Muster '94'
Jack sa's-than plum puddingthat
If you and we can only agree any Some even came to butter, cheese,
It moved in semicircular
unknown. a We couldn't do much with '93 ever graced a feast. etc. merchants, in fact, Messrs. Walter
form from the south east to the For the old curmudgeon was sick,you see;
i If you will do better by us than he, On a rose bush that is again putting Carr & Co., received them about
north-west, was about fifty yards in We'll try to do better and more. (forth its creamy white flowers a birdis 1873 and the managing Mr.
Hl>. O. R. H.
width, took up quite a number of -- --e- warbling a Christmas carol; thereare William II. Snecker, has assured the

orange and other trees, and injured or Anothor Christmas Contrast."Give now no merry waltzes played for writer that he obtained $6.00 per box

destroyed most of the fruit( on others. the honor to this day, there is no piano, but the music of for almost all sent his house for

One large oak tree was taken up by That sees December turned to May." nature is soothing and sweet. The! several years, and even then could

the roots, carried over an orange Seated on the veranda in a sunny winds in the pine trees all around u,' not supply the demand for this extra

grove and set down on the ground. Southern home, dressed in light costume are playing with "viewless fingers" a fine orange. 'fen years ago the

The Ocala Banner, in writing of silk stockings and slippers (not solemn (yet not sad) anthem, "ever ; dealers in fruit commenced to receive

the Mead grove, says; From a small our own extravagance-they are Xmas !I ancient, ever new," in honor of the direct from Florida, and soon there

beginning it has: spread over 140 acres, gifts) are some who made merry inI blessed day on which a Savior was were probably 150 firms and single

and the coming season will see the "the old Kentucky home." Mare born, when the rejoicing angels sang merchants receiving this fruit; in fact,

remaining ten acres of the 150 set in chael Neil roses, hone'suckle'ine of peace on earth. A !/e look out it is said that a nicely worded circular

bearing trees of tangerines mostly. and one lace leaved I Ipomea, run ram- on the orange laden boughs the and a brass stencil were all that was

Thirty acres of the grove are bearing, pant over the porch and doorways, "golden apples of HesperideV* shinein needed to obtain ample consignmentsof

from which some ten thousand boxesof which are of unpainted wood, but the afternoon sunshine among the oranges from Florida. Of course

fruit will be gathered. I Last season made beautiful by the luxuriant climb. glossy green leaves, a picture we had there were some unprincipled receivers -

Mr. Cutler planted 3,000 orange trees, ers. Tube roses remain green in their never hoped to beholdwhen we listened who looked after No. "i, just

and of this number onlv one died.. beds in the little Irons< .yard and may to the rude winds around our ir\ th t '''A, T. ln.,1 !I,.; d'd 1; nntV .
\ see' unit nn *- tut iu* s: piper
showing the care with which they I not be taken up at all; yellow sweet Northern home. Labor, privation, alii I receive any more than he ought to,
in the The hot- are blooming and that finest in heartfelt (for
were put ground. peas yet ; are forgotten, gratitude and in a year or two a great outcrywas
house for growing early cucumbers is and rarest of climbers {with the un this quiet retreat from the busybustling heard from the south about

still a feature of the place, and wellit pronounceable name, Rhyncospermum throng of money seekers and money "swindling commission merchants"in

may be, for it returns to the owners Jasminoides), the Malayan or spenders. We bless the hand that the northern cities. It is undoubt

every season between $500 and $600. "star jessamine" fills the air with delicate thus guided us, and can trust to it our edly true that the growers were

The plant is 100x20 feet. Alreadythe odor from its loose bunches of i future; only wishing from the bottom swindled right and left, so that it is no

vines are training over the lattice, snowy blossoms. There is no fire in i of our hearts, that many, many otherswe I wonder they looked about for a

fully five feet in height and by January i the house, and none needed; but on love, could spend with us, in this remedy, and soon after the Florida

the seductive: cuke will be on its the back porch lie a few sticks and genial climate, all their Christmas Fruit Exchange (now the greatest

way to the Ponce de Leon hotel. The small pine knots ready to light at the days to come. fruit organization in the world) en

attention required is light, and services touch of a match for the little rude MINNIE f G. MILLS. tered the field and to-day stands at

needed to keep the vines; thrifty but i! fireplace; as when the sun hides his 4
the head. The number of receiversin
B. Randall of Sanford has in
little trouble. To illustrate how the face the shades of night are not many J. ,
II II this city dwindled and
his three Surinam
. in around and yard two or cherry
have minutes
of making the grove gathering us
expenses air is cooler immedi trees, bearing a continuous crop the actually to day those of any prominence
in the
been provided for we can state :: perceptibly
here be
can counted on ,the
past six months. He had a fine feast '"
Then it such cheerful
Mr. Cutler sold gives a
six $22,000 : ately. "
years fingers of one's two hands.
of them and
worth of nursery stock; his crop of aspect to the home, and we love to on Thanksgiving day, ---e.'N

squash for each season has always sit before the blazing fire, though it I also fine mulberries--- -from-- his place. The French Phosphate Company,

been salable anywhere around the may not be absolutely necessary to... BRO\VN' IRON BITTERS of Marion county, has shipped 55-

two thousand mark, while his hennery our comfort.( cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion 000 tons of phosphate so far this year

has played no unimportant part If a walk is taken over the groundsa & and in each cargo has received theirprice

in providing expenses. pair of shoes speedily take the place Debility. without a guarantee. .

.. .- .
.. "


. ,, --
The State College. should have been though even here e
Now and then a youth who is more some allowance must be made for the

or less unmanageable at home is sent unreasonable complaints of pampered I Fl1A..
to this institution on account of its youths. Still it is not right to leave L1R

efficient and admirable discipline. i the kitchen wholly in the hands of IRRIGATING
Very likely he will chafe under the rease-eating negroes. Young grow Tho Best Poultry Papor .

unaccustomed restraint, go home ing persons should have an abundance ; II TIC: VTonLD.

pouting or malingering and relate to of muscle.producing food, such as I Write for .HAMPLC. COPY bent Free MACHINERYI30'1'II

his parents tales which, in the small oatmeal, unbolted bread, etc., and 1 oponed Up a now field ,

neighborhood where he is known, this should be cooked with great t and cultivated it thor-

may tend to bring the institution into simplicity, free from condiments end "
oughly. -So tajft the Fanr/er Journal. Steam and Horse Power.
bad odor. There have been this fall, grease.! President Clute and some of i

as there are every year, a few cases the trustees, including Governor "FARM-POULTRY is COV- I .

of this sort; and in one instance, at Mitchell, have taken this matter up oring itsolf with glory." I

least, the imaginary invalid was and a wholesome reform is promisedfor IVtuj the iladtlphia Fur"Jounudttrltt'tU., Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

promptly sent back by his parents. If the new term after the holidays.The It !I. worth 81.0O. It T..nrlu..llowo Valve Hose Etc.
cook should be selected with "relit' on TrialMonths Make .Money ulthA ,
this was done in every instance probably as PIz for Few Urn*.
we should hear less about Lake much care as the commandant. ONLY dfi 5 CENTS. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.
--- ---- -
City as a "sickly place," which, as --e--- IF YOU MENTION THIS PAPER. I
well-informed Floridian knows Geo. S. Hacker &
every California orange Trade. ** wIt Son
One d Mirtm<'nt Vn"i .nrr..pnndt"nt.. ;
is a gross libel on that little city. worth ten tlmwi the*-ul,"... riptlun| price to anyone<< I Ielllalntl MANUFACTURERS OF
Where the Riverside orange growers ninny thing apt to tn uMrven ok breeder I
Some of good farmer friends Hcrolforlndrt' t.first V..N free Judjteyour-I
made their mistake last year was ""It.If*'4iiiucliJn' tructlrf matt- occasionally at the Florida State f<>r many tlm" the pr''i-, Inull each or w # -
carp in trying to bull the market, says the tamp ThUs!lftrj'l1' ': ofTl'f+ "1011 f''If'\\11 thn-"month. -
College on account of the military Tulare, Cal., Register. Only two I L d Ji'HN.M' Ill CtistoiniiouneMt ttou.) *.... fOCO 09 C.

discipline which is maintained there things can compel high prices. One o0

and the small percentage of the of these is a limited product and the HATCH\ CHICKENS BY STEAM I l I a

graduates: who choose farming as a other is unlimited consumption. It Lb Lia.., ru"c. Excelsior ]
".111":" '''rl' t. If.l'p I I I a
vocation. This military training, I is of no use to try to hold a big product y I. .$f "::a/ -. Thournd. in succelItulparttlon. to 0
Gavinto < c
which only occupies one hour a day, for a high price. There are too R_ teed Latch: *larger pereentatte -
five days in the week is one of the I .... of fertile eggs at c.
many growers concerned and the area 1 .eflra&w cit than an/ otherUtcher. -
low.t priced COO ::J
very best features of the curriculum.For which will produce oranges is too f\n460..('.'al tit flrt-cl.II.t.'I'AlII.Ini.ey.IILTho .: *"1 Hatcher madeGF.O. ,...,..__ 'Cf."'' mv
Ilia n&
some reason or other there i is an large. Oranges are destined to be __--r-...&- =. '- Zi 't 00

almost universal tendency on the part come as plentiful as apples, and the

of Florida youths to become round only hope for good prices is to have And Building Material.CHARLESTON .
shouldered and sunken breasted. It
everybody eat oranges as everybodyeats M>wer linn no s. c.
i is or: of the most painful sights in apples, and to accomplish this pecoiul ctlnn e. If -- -- -

the streets of the metropolis to witness they have got to become almost as cct-d you,bo would sura and ut first start Ft-\\1thFERRY'S

the number of young ladies, often of cheap as apples.'hat orange f !opWrappers.:

gentle blood and high culture, who growers in California want to studyis

exhibit this deformity. Nothing else not how to keep oranges at such SEEDS. NO MORE CHEATING.

will so effectually straighten up a prices that the people cannot afford to Ferry'a *Ii..d Aitiiunl for 1891
young fellow and make a man of him eat them, but how to put them into contains the sum and f.ul.tnl1l"t.fof Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
the latest running know! now know that they jct nn lout' t ream
in form and the military
bearing as rigid the hands of consumers so cheap that edge. Every planter should of -180 hct'U! MUnot\ 400 or .T.'O i debts
discipline which is maintained at Imvo It. Sent free.
everyone who can afford to eat an D.M.Ferry&:Co., to rciuu as fcomo! unscrupulous. denIers
the college. apple can afford to eat an orange. Detroit, supply.

Grotesque as it may seem to put a With such a market there can be no OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"rrintc

company of young women throughthe permanent overdoing of the orange
manual of arms, even with the l WraiiporMnmputupin+ packages,
but with navels
industry, at $2.50 per each and each is
of 1000 ,.' Wrapper
gun barrels" replaced with "Quakerguns box the industry is already overdoneand Mich.oses numbered, in 'printlnj, consecutivelyfrom

yet if it will do anything to the market which can absorb 1 to 1000. No one can

bring up the drooped feminine i fruit at these prices will be over BEATour
shoulders which are so often seen in I stocked every other day in the season.

the fashionable stores of Hay street, Now it is probably true that men who How tot the tent and prices. Send for temples and prices
by all means let it continue. bow to grow them sueceaefutlytbat toTHE
have paid $1,000 or $1,500 per acre 's tbe text
Farmers should not sneer at the for orange land cannot afford to pro of our Dew> JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO.,

practice with arms in the college. duce oranges at $i per box for the .; Guide Rose Culture JERSEY CITY, N. J.

There is nothing which has a stronger' best and down to cents a box for lor 189-1. IttelUyouhotrto
50 I't"Uhe furaouji It.A:(.'. K. D.-We do not deal in unprinted
tendency to make a boy round cheaper grades; but men who grow hi : jUwes on their own roots:
elves! the latest I and wrappers.
shouldered than constant hoeing in oranges on land which cost them Information| I very for tbe -------- -

the field. Send him to college if you $100 or $150 per acre can product flowera. We eend It free culture to anyone cf together all kinds with of WM. O. SCHRAEDER,

can possibly spare him, even one year, oranges at these prices at a profit andit aaa.mpleoopy otourlnt..astlnu floral I 3IagazlaeHUCC1 BRgRDKK OK -
and it will so straighten him up that is inevitable that they will. >*S WITH FLOWr.US."

will believe he has THE DINGEE & CONARD CO. GRADE JERSEYS.
you grown an inch, -e ------MMB fo gQrowcnand6ee'Limcn. Weat C rore,1*$
even though he may not have addeda Northern Misinformation.
and Heifers for sale.
Hull Cows
line to the acutal length of his spinal In orange culture in Florida, it is LIGHTMINQ' I WELL MACH I IRERYlforkL' *, FARM Leon
LARCIST i WAVERLY: County, nearTallahateo
column. What matters it if he does stated that girdling, as of the grapevine : *11 units, fI'Ul.-.. .. ",r i+nefurthed'Uterbyn.Inguur... Fla,
l't'r1pt'Jd: avmteiat -
Adam ftl .r acorc.
Ir.eproe. <
strut a little when he comes home on is becoming a part of general AttP$"'I .'_"n,,,ln,r It'ifH t>. work In *'.*tn\Alr.rt' -- --- --
1"&Ullh"IU 'n. TIII: AMriticAN: UIHJII": .
vacation and begin to think about practice, and perhaps this may account .\urera. ill|| | lilciic: ., IU., 1> IU>, lex.

some other life than that of the farm? for the enormously large in- SPECIAL.

If he was cut out for a farmer, a crease of sour instead of sweet oranges:,

farmer he will be; if not, it is worse which is being poured into northern We offer at low prior Hfgh Grade Sulphate

than useless to attempt to dragoonhim markets from that state. t Potash DO per cent Sulphate Potash 48 percent
j 1 ,, >lurwtercta.h QQ per cfnt..Nitrate soda: ,
into the agricultural ranks. The The Rural New Yorker which is Bone Black, and all kinds of utilizing material',

drill which makes a young man hold usually an extremely well informed :_ 1 only end 11 for price ton.* Freight to Jackkonville by sail,
1-75 per.
up his head and "look alive" is, in newspaper, copies the above from the VftUkstPInhl'M I 0 ". !H. IOWKLL: & CO.,
Chemical FertlllierMfr: IhdthnQre,)ld.
the somewhat heavy and thick atmosphere Median's Monthly without comment.It ----

of Florida, worth infinitelymore is only one instance of the popular I 4 t eA. ng POTASH SALTS.
than Greek. errors which prevail in the north respecting iar 4sic ra!' t
it O' it 3 ptacntitI
With possibly one or two excep many things in this State. It I,s!Btt bt.s Wovmy Are INDISPENSABLE! for vegetables,
tions the is of cultivated 1rr ut. Iue iTMaheiTl'ie and finite of &H kinds. On sandy Foils
faculty a body positively makes a Floridian shudderto Iarf. l of ail, 4'riltto an'
thl. crepe Tip uv Is ib1y to rafoe these with.
tr i hnp()
and who doing
capable men, are read such items as the above. lade -e ee.tdcta* i r (tout of crops
them. Sulphate Muriatei
cati.and fall treva'1 eoo.prsaig I I
service. .
good r'm 1w., : Potatdt and Kainit. For information

The rations served in the mess-hall Among your good resolves for the I. .... ....L.. WM.STAHLQuincyM i and mphletsndclrw GERMAN KALI
have not been at all times what they new year resolve to subscribe. I WORKS, 03 Nasaau,St., New York C1tT.THE .

".. ..__... -......_- ,
-.- .. -



8. POWERS,...... .... .... ............Ed Itor. I deals with an open enemy. He is j earn it. It is a well-kncwn fact that I Congress: as will make them what

P. O. Address, Lawtey, Fla. untrue to his country who deals witha this company in Florida build and they never have been, a power to

A. It. sIA:" VILLI.9talrcontributor. foreigner when that is done to the equip for about $12,000 per mile. II

I manifest detriment of his fellow. But they claim the right-and the act.In future articles it can be shown

CONTENTS. countrymen. supreme court of this State has granted :I how our own lawmaking power can

To carry out this principle to the it-to earn their bonded interest andat 1 aid a long suffering people.'
GovB AND ORCHARD-Pear Culture 84* extreme would erect a Chineese wall least 6 per cent on their stock. I ORANGE.
TnaPtnERS-PresumptiveEvideaeeofVraud 841
About Pineapple; the Newspaper Man 843 arround this country. It is not con Now, see where they hoodwink tale I Our correspondent is very much in

Formula and. Domestic Material>> and fur Orange Foreign Grove Lemons.Fertilizing. 844 venient to purchase home made goodsin people, or think they do. They bond earnest and the !subject is in urgent

Orange Future. 845 every instance-in some instancesit this same property for $25,000 per mile need of discussion. !But in referenceto

FARMER AND TRtCItER-Cane Crop at St. is posiible.; The government- and issue stock a? premmrri for sale of some of his estimates, we simply

Cloud; Skunk and White Grub..... .. 845 which 5s e\'erybody-s3's to the bonds to themselves (to wit: A so- call attention to the rule that contributors
POULTRV-Hunter'*Kgg Account: Duck Railing individual
: "A is in called Investment Construction
846 compromise or are responsible for their own
LIVE STOCK-Taming a Badly Railed Jersey I I order. You will be allowed to pur- Company) for another $25.000 per opinions.( )

846 chase foreign goods on payment of a mile, then claiming( the right to earn
OUR RURAL U.ncE-A Greeting to the New !
Year; Another Christmas Contract; duty in support of the governmentand 12 oer cent. on $50,000 per mile be

Florida Oranges Twenty Years Ago... .. 847 as a partial compensation to your for any Railroad Commission has the JVEari\ s.

The Northern State College Misinformation; California.Orange Trade; 848 own countrymen, who have goods of rig,It to regulate either passenger or -

EDITORIAL-What Advertising I>ors; A Rare the same sort to sell, but which you freight rates. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.. Dec. 29.

ange Chance Freight for Boy Rate; Tariff.on Oranges; Or 849 did not purchase" This holds good of every roadin FRUITS AND VF.GKTABLK8.

Movement Orange; Fruit Exchange Bulletins To levy a duty on (foreign orangesis Florida except the one Per These are average quotations. Kxtra choke
lots fetch price! above top quotation, while
; Jacksonville Fruit Auction Bulletin sonal Line in the poor
State and thatso .
simply to compel the consumer to lots lower.
850 .. .. .. .. .. .
far has Orange 1.35101.50
New York Market; Japan Plums . ...... 841 support the government which pro right or wrong, charged for .. drop .. ... .. .... .. .75 to 1.00
Japan Plum, continued... .... .... 852 tects him. It is not a protection to both freight and passenger rates nearly I Grape fruit, box. .... ...... 1,50to 2.00

the American orange growertheword double that of any other road. For Tangerine Grapefruit ... .. .. ...... .. .. .....a.sotoj.oo a.oo
Weather in Jacksonville. is misnomer. The American instance, the orange rate Irom Daytona Mandarin. .... ... 1.50
a Lemon, Fla., .... ...... .. .... i.ootoi.y
Ii. Q, orange-grower has a right to demandit. to Jacksonville is sot per box, Messina... ......... .. ...... 4.50
S.S. w be 8 -S.2= while over the T. & K. W. from Malaga Grape, keg .... .... ......... 5.00
.is J.
DAT*. b do jo a .. He a consumer of iron and Pineapple.crate..... ... .... ...... 1.50104,30
00 ."":+! 55 Si:: a "" :aao woolens, and therefore pays his dues Sanford to Jacksonville it is ice. The Potatoes, New York................. ".35
r _ _ in barrel lots ....... .. 2.65
Dt'C.9..4. 59 68 4126.s5 0.00 toward the support of the governmentin fare from Palatka to Daytona is $2 50 ". Hebron, seed ......... ..... j.oo
Dt'C20 ...... ..4' .51 8 41 17tO 000Dec'I..49 the shape of a tariff, and he has a for 50 miles, while from Spring Gar ... 5-bbl. lots ...... .... a.73
51 45 'S.52. 0.00 HarlyRose.. .... ........ ... 300
Decaa. .... .. .. .3* 67 4*) ;8 0.00 right to demand that the consumer of den to Palatka on the J., T. & K. W., II .. s.bbl.lots......"... 2.75
Dec ajDeca4 .56 10s.4, 3 62 0.00 about the distance it is about Onion. yellow, bbl..... .. .......... 2.75
shall do the same
... .. .... Sfo I 74 ft6 t 18 63 0.00 oranges same. red ..... .. .......... .... 3.73Sponl .
Dec 35....... ... *7 6.J 74 56 >9 64 0.00 The and fair-minded $1.50. +h. Urge, per crate...* tai
just grower Sweet potatoes bu..h. .. ...... ........ .50
Mean .. ; ; S7-T 67.3..7 ;18.6 5M 0 ;ox'Total does not say to the government, "We Now, Mr. Editor, here is a probe New York cabbage.nach.. .. ........ .10
..... .. .......
lem we poor laymen cannot solve it Cauliflower, N, Y each 15.
ra n an. demand a duty high enough to makeour ; Beet, northern, bbl ......... ..... 2.50
E. IL DttMAix, 01 1Sen'l'r. business assured is this: If the J. T. & K.V'. can Turnip, northern .. .. ...... .... 1.75
an success as her interest and she has Lettuce dot ....... ............ 15.
against Italian competition. The pay ( always ) Carrot, per bbl.. .. .. ..... ........... 2.50
A Chance for Italian on a bonded debt of $25,000 per ParMiip ... ........ ......... 8.75
Boys. can produce a box of crangesfor Squash crate. .. .. .. ................... 1.25
To this of $1 less than we can; therefore we mile at the rates above quoted (and Celery .. .. .... .. ... ........... ... .40 to .60
any boy or girl ( course, this is double the real investment for HICK Plant, bbl. ....... ....... ..... 2.oot04.oo
includes and will demand a duty of $i per .tt'hat Toma toes.. .. .. ................... 1.50
men women) we he does is substantially this either this road or the so called Per Squa.he.. bbl.. .......... ... .....,... 1,25101.50
chance to little say : sonal Line) what must be the actual CocoanuH . ... ..... ............. 4.50
give a earn a pocket
"The price of Italian labor has nothing Peanut bet brand..... ............. 0410.05
For new subscriptionyou do with the interest on the investment on the Apples, New York bbl............... 4.50
money. every to question. We Sweet "Pepper, peck...... .... ........ .75
secure at $i for six months, we simply ask a tariff high enough to. the Personal Line with double rates, Grape*, sib basket. ........ .as
and less than half the investment of Guavas 3-peclc box .... ... .P......... '.00
will allow 40 cents. In other compel the consumer of oranges to Okra Deck ..... .... .... ....... ,75
you his share rata with all other the J., T. & K. W.? Cucumber. English each .... .. ..... .10
words, you send us 60 cents and keep pay pro Cow iI a" fthrlled.' peck. ......;:\\1. .50
citizens toward the support of the gov When this state of affairs has been Green Iteansbushel .... ..... .... 1.251011,50,
40 cents. Any smart boy ought to ernment. When a tariff; is put on brought home to these people, as it .. I.C'OIt.' .... ............ ...... .. 2.oot02,50

earn in this way $5 in a day's ride. which is just and fair to all concerned has many times, we hear the old, old POULTRY AND EGGS.

Every grower needs our full and helpful we are satisfied; and if that does song. "We cannot pay our way, we ilenn Rooster.I. .. .. .. .... .. .. .......... .. .25.30 to to.30.15
not happen to be high enough to level have been misled into ..;ting in Broiler. .. .... .. ....... ... .. .30 to.25
market reports during the shippingseason. .. .......
Florida and Turkey per pound gros .iotou
up between us and the pauper laborof now we are toruined, Duck. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... ., ....... .35 to ,50
Write us at once that you Italy, we have nothing more to &c., &c. world without end. But Geese ..., . . .... .. ........ .50
will this offer which leave KKK., .scarce! .... . .. .. ....... ,26
accept we say. what bosh, what awful rot it is They

open until January 15th- and we will know, as everybody else knows, that II A Y. CW A lof. ETC. ..

from their books White corn mall lot*....... ...... ..........$ 1,25 .
send you sample copies. Orange Freight Rates. they can prove any. Mixed corn .... ........ ...... 1,20
)Kditor Farmer and Fruit Grower: thing. The people are helpless from \\'hitcoat", II ...... ...... ........... |.-o
Mixed! Oath.'I ...... .... ..... ....... 1.65
What Advertising Does. I see by an interview of a Times any showing,: that could be made in flay No. t. TlmothY.lmaU tot.... ..,...... 19.00
We Ret" more cash results from advertising Union reporter with Mr. H. H. Plant court. Wheel<< bran. mall lot*.......... ............ 19x10
Ground fail, fresh! (corn andoat), per sack
in your g jnipcr> than from any other that he ( Mr. H. H Plant) is broken This state of affairs cannot obtain of too .! .... ........ 1.40
agricultural pain r Wt have u ell. Feed meal in sacks. of lee pound, per ton. 23.00,
with grief at the losses the always. This grab must .... ...... .. .
II. G. HAHTINOM & Co. great game play Rice flour, percwt>> .. ......... .90
Interkohon, Fla. orange grower will sustain this seasonon itself out. It i is certain the orange Pure wheat per sank of tool,found*......... 1.35
Preened strata cooked' cow fee*"t.! per cwt,
the orange crop. But I saw no and phosphate industries must die. ijyvjxiuml sacks: .. ..... 1.30

I have just received an order for Jewel word, no line, no hint that the orangerate When it takes the whole of a crop to .Prepared impound A J peach treat from AtiftruUa as a result of which he can control, would be pay its own freight, the length of its Pettrl, grits. per batten.... .... ..... ... ...... 2.95
the little advertisement I in Pearlmml err ..*.rH.... . .. .. .. .. .... 2 95
put TIII reduced cent. It has been dem life an industry is not far to seek. .. -
one as Flour bet wfcrtet TK, p+.ient. .. ........ 4 50Fl
FARMER; AND FRUIT GROWER last Rurnml'r. onstrated over and over again that I think the grower of is ur. extra ftmc.Jfy; ; .... ...... ....... 4.25
3oc.i oranges perfectly
T. K. GOIJHEY.Waldo (Half barrel,i bm 4, sy per barrel
Fla. : box from Jacksonville to New York willing to work on, so long as extra.)
Cotton seed' RM. .? M. per. t-en.... .. .... 25.00
would be an exceedingly profitable the transportation companies will give Dark or Sea .*.. ';Net seta meal per
Tariff on Oranges. I rate. There is no question in the him enough out of the crop to pay ton. . . ". .. .. ..... 20 00
Pure ground bone ft. per tea ..... ..
Free trade is the right principleand mind of those that have the technical for boxes and fertilizers. And without Bone and potafc,per .\MI .... ......... 33.00 30.00
the that doubt he would G'rmanka/nit/ per ton .......... ........ 17.00
only right principle betweenman knowledge :200 by water would go on without this if Land. planter ..... .. .. ... .. .. ........ 10.00
and man. But when we take pay for every boat now in the trade in the tree would. But then the tree Nitrate Soda. tjfc per pea ; per ten...... 55.00

men as citizens of a government thenit two years hut do they not do better ? has more sense than the man. Sulphate Muriate potash potash,atfcper 2C per pound pound(;per per ten.ton....... 31.00 50.00:

becomes very different matter.It The Clydes, for instance, carry about From the general speech of the Sulphate poUkh. 90 per cent..... ....._..... 50.00

is contraband of war for one to 1,000,000 boxes at 3c or three him- I people, there has come into this matter SEEDS, ETC.

deal with citizens of a country in open drtd and fifty thousand dollars. Who I a new element, and without Pea. Split. .. . ........-..... .. ........ a.7S
Black-eyed Pen, new crop, buth..... ...... 175 .
hostility with one's own government. doubts how many such crafts! as theyrun doubt the press will take the matter Bean.... .... .. ............ ............. 9,25
Every nation is, in a sense, at war this would pay for ? up in such a way that both Congressand Lima ... .. .... ....................... ijjo
Alfalfa or Lucerne, bushel ......... Sot
per :
with every other, even if it is not At a meeting in Savannah a few our Legislature will give the Genuine red rust proof oat* ** ......... 500
bombarding its cities. It is a part of days since the Plant system declareda needed relief. White seed rice "'* ........
Florida grown seed rye ..... 2.15
the great human struggle for existence.He dividend of 6 per cent. Now let The Inter-State Commission pro. Georgia rye. .** ......... 1.7,5*

is a traitor to his country who us see what this means and where they pose to ask for such legislation by Texas Onion runt Set,proof red. per oat buih ..*... ...,...,.?....., ..,,.. 6 JJO.CM.
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