Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
October 21, 1893
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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JH.. 1'owrra, Publisher' Proprietor.. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.. OCTOBER 21, 1893. Whole No. 12U3 Vol.NKW V,8KIIIK8 No. 4!. 'i

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for a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties ot the Citrus
ready delivery. Family which we have elected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and tevted by ua
: in our extensive experience of seventeen years We carry one of .
r; N. ]?ICE,

Box 449, Orlando, Fla. The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States. .
.. ._ _. _.
l.V llUJ'l.l TItLES ron J'IIOlJUf'TlON .d.1'I' 1'leO"'lT Sena for clrculars.: Addrua R. W. P 1 B R C e.
Sunset,??, Lake Co..Jl1a,
Buy of the Well-Known, Reliable, Tenyears'testedGLEN


SATSUMA ORANGKS,hardy and early. OLIVES and APRICOTS. Milwaukee Florida Dpaqge CD.
PEARS all kinds immense stock FIGS and MULUURRIKS.POMKGRANATKS. .
PKACIIKS.60 earletks, new and old .
PLUMB" best Japan and native sort. CAMPHOR TREES Selected strains of Varieties ot Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. *
JAPAN PERSIMMONS,varieties all tested. TEXAS UMDRHLLA.GKKV1I.LHA Budding*Wood for sale at all times.
CRAPliS,rood supply,all leading kinds.FKCAN3 ROBUSTA. Our stock: is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRUSPONDKNCK.
best Paper-Shell variety MAGNOLIA GRANDIPLORA.. For Catalogue and Price Ust,address
WALNUTS, Kngtish,Japan and California. CITRUS TRIPOLI. ATA.
CUH"TNUTSiJapan llammotb. fine. ROSES,50 varieties. A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Ma.
*-lots of'them-write for what you want. ...... -- -
For five veara past| samples of fruit have been sent, free of charge, on application
and wilt bo tins year: but experience and information as to adaptability to TREES FOR SUMMER PLANTING.
your locality is worth much( more. Wo have discarded from our own orchards one
.. variety of which we shipped 400 bushels; in 1887, and this U but one of the hundreds A full line of the leading varieties of Orange & Lemon Trees at rock-bottoln
of varieties k ted. We have built our reputation on fine /o<&-eome people prices. Address
f my &c finest. An Ex-Governor of Florida writes: "They are beauties and so ad-
numbly packed as to shame a novice in the business, and even many who pretendto DEER ISLAND NURSERIES
be experts
and careful Oakland, Orange Co., Fla.
attention reasonable.
Prompt to correspondence. Prices Catalogue .... ... .... -
-- --- --- -- --
fret Address

G. L. TABER Glen St. Mary, Fla. DO YOU KNOW &xtf&tiftss&ECONOMIC. }

-- .- the I'roptc.andwarm climates of the r world'
r / that the.c11< I ourO YOU KNOW turists was arr broached I ll/fyn/
BROS. r r< In Morida people up to H LI I Inn FACT I
liARNETTBROS BURNETT t e the times know thin, and are Quietly taking advantage oft e opportunity
0 t of getting rare plants of us. We can supply Aloe Bamboo,Camphor,Cin
i\ namon,Coffee. balbergia, Kxcoecaris cu..Gamboge..Hemp(Sisal), Iron
DEALERS IN FRUITS. fc* r '". bark,, Jujube, Kola Tx>gwood Mahogany. Nutmeg. Olive,Orange Pepper
... ;-:-; "" Quercus, RIc -p.tper, Strychnine,Tea, Upas, Vanilla Wax-myrtle, Xylos-
FflUlTS Wo respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables. 4 t No ma, Yucca,Zingiber plants and hundreds of others.
We are now making a specialty ofORANGES Send tor our large catalogue,which tells all about it.IlKAHONEK.

RKO.S., CtBe 8, Fla.

and Invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects. .

Kofrrencefi, by permission:-A. SI. Ives, Esq., Jacksonville; National Shoe
and I.eather Bank, New York; the Volusia County Hank, DeLand, Fla., and the Onion
seed of the Genuine Bermuda crop of 1893 will be ready October
Commercial. Loan and. .Trust Co.,Chicago, 169 South.atcr. _. St.
- -- -
1st Send in your order now. We hare both varieties, the White and Palo Tied.
Successful Otfanae GrrowetTs I .
Price per packet 5c; 4 oz., 15c1; oz., We! ; lib.} 8.'ic1) ; Ib, $3.00, postpaid.
What fruit in the citrus line have you for early shipping, and

does it pa.y'1 H. G. HASTINGS AND CO., SEEDSMEN! ,

You may not have thought of its Importance,but the Good Early Orange is the .
coming orange, and IIit ?1'lol..ej'. 1'1a.

BOONE'S EARLY LEADS THEM ALL 40 page illustrated Catalogue free.
Not only in respect to earliness but quality Get rid of some: of your old, un-

in better than spring} for Fucccsfful butlclin Full buds! start eat severnlweeD ROSES ETC. THE LARGEST STOCK EVER GROWN IN FLORIDA.
earlitr. off faster, harden up quicker aim stand the cold better.I Will take R. R.(fare from bill of tree to alt who will come to Nursery and purchase to amotratot
have a largo and well assorted stock of the choicest budded orange, l lemon double K. R. fare. I can afford to make this offer, as one pleased customer means his future
aM grape fruit trees, and trade,also the trade of his neighbors Club together and send one nan from your neighborhood.

Will Sell You as Cheap as They Can Be Sold. before I buying am now this preparing fall. to plant for myself what will be the largest orchard the county. Price
of stock: as low as the lowest for firat-eta. ..tock. Catalogue(rc-e.
Will send sample of early oranges on receipt of 8 cents to pay postage. Pomona Wholesale Nurseries..

C. A. BOON Agent
W. D. GRIPPING, ProprletoreJfueeter.nyidly
Semi-Tropical urscrics ..* ... ... Orlando, fla. Co.jif{..

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Surely effective and cheapest material offered for the destruction of insects. Its proper use will kill the spider, rust mite, anguil-

lula, moving scale and fungus growths. It is a sure remedy for the "foot-rot" and tho "blight" of the orange and the wilt of the pineapple.It .

will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but will greatly improve the classification of the fruit.

3 Spraying outfits in great variety at manufacturers' prices. f* BTE Rl

Correspondence solicited. gj E A 1 1 m

Jacksonville. Fla.



Is the moat effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy fot the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous *

nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

f injury.This
insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and baa

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. '

For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treeiit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, at the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

(McMASTER & MILLER San Mateo and Citra Fla.





The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shipper I Is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., P.& W. Ry.between Jacksonville,
meville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections
XORTU novxn.Double MOUTH 110 VXD.'
daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,Jesup
Savannah.. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville Calla
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic:Coast Line to all Hastens, Interior and han and Live Oak
Coast points, Including New York.Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Pour ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company sailing'from New
Pour connection' a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company leaving Savannah Mondays York(New Pier ss, North IUnr.)direct fur Savannah Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays.
Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. .
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston every Thursday
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. 3 p. m.savannah direct making connection the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah every au points In Florida
.Thursday. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,for Savannah October: I9h and sf>th and every ten
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company leaving Savannah days thereafter.
October 4th. I From Baltimore via Merchants: and Miners'Transportation Co., every' Tuesday and Friday,
Sailing days for Steamships are subject change without notice. making close connection with S.,F.& W. Ry.,for all points in Florida.
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, Bast and West to Florida. For full particulars rates, stencils and shipping
rerelpts apply to any agents of the above lines,or to
0. D. OWENS,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Oa. F. II. 1'Al'V, Division Freight Agent,.Savannah, Oa. W. M. DAVIDSON, Oen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville, JTla
F. S. KNIGHT, Contracting Freight Agent,Jacka invlll, Fla J. II. STKi'HKNS, Contracting Agent, Jacksonville, ..10.v .


OF sunSCUU'TION cars to fill these order that no unsafe York, distributed l to the five agents in sell it safely b filling orders for
carloads -
For One Year .. .... ..... .. .. . ..... .|3.oo lots all rail and there well}
For Six Months..... ... ... .... ..... ... Zoo fruit should get In.FACLTY. car by was practically from known and reliable
In Foreign Countries .... ...... ............ 3.00 1'ACKINO. no fogs in transit, and the returns houses. By selling! in other words, just
:2rSiibHcriptions in all cases cash in exceedingly satisfactory. One car way. as large merchants do everywhere, upon?
Right hero I wish to state that I foundin
advance. No discount allowed on one'sown wrecked, but tho wrecked fruit has been a man's standing and financial worth.
i several instances unsound fruit in the
subscription(except in a club), but to paid for. If our fruit is carefully, honestly and!
all a liberal cash commission will boxes at Cocoa, and "this was not owingto Up to tho "blizzard" and "heated faithfully tacked( and handled by the
'I.e mowed on all subscriptions obtained fruit "giving" way, or "wet weather- fruit" juried our average net returns grower and owner and is again inspectedby
by them. Write for terms. picked fruit, but it was "thorned" and"dropped" wero within a fraction of$+2.00 per box. our General Agent and well loaded

To every new subscriber we will send, and "soft" fruit. : After the "blizzard" and "heated fruit" i Into first-doss ventilated cars by him,
postpaid, a copy Whitner's "Garden Theo "happenings"far wero promptlycorrected period, the average returns were from that fruit will go through to its destination -
ing in Florida." For two new subscribers so as I could see. upon my $2.00 up to a little over $3.00 per box. in good order and open up as honest
at $;.1O each, we will send calling the attention of the packer to the From tho beginning of the season to the goods throughout. The buyer will be
J IKxttiaid. a copy of Moore's "Orange matter,and I am sum that a rigid inspection end, including, the worst time of market only too glad to pay for same and soon
Culture." and prompt action in notifying the and weather, the lowest average" net returns send) another order. Wo cannot expect

Hates of advertising on application.} I packers serious would trouble.It almost entirely eradicatethis were $1.391, and the highest a fraction that badly packed and carelessly handled

Remittances should be made by check, over &::1.00. fruit, or fruit that is graded up beyond its
I letter note. money order or registered is noteworthy that, with one or two I beg to read a statement taken from merits, will meet with this success, and
to order ot.Jo'.I.IUllJ1 exceptions, all the fruit sold at Cocoa books the
my showing number of boxes the loss must fall upon the grower who
A.v I) ritVIT (HI 0"'l II.Jacksonvlllo and properly inspected} at time of sale, fruit handled 1 by each agent and the average fails to give value for what he expects to
went to its destination in
Fla. per- net returns box.
fect order. per receive but I am fully satisfied that the
ORANGE HANDLED BY ASSOCIATION AGENTS. I proper article and method will achieve a
NOTICE HISTOHY OF TILE WORK. No. Net Avenue proper and profitable business connection

If you receive a of this Our work (with the opening of the Dozes Returns. Per Box. between a number of tho wealthy fruit
copy office at Cocoa) began on January 10, John II. Newton, Jap.I5toVeb.25. buyers and wholesale grocers; handling
which .
paper you not order, 1803, and on the 18th the first associa- John II.Newton Men. 14,960 $20,801.52 81.39V5 fruit, if we are willing to doour i part and

consider it an invitation to sub tion fruit went forward. 15 to Apr. 15...... .. 1,956 3813.4 1.95 give them "straight" goods and no
scribe. If you do not want it Fruit moved until February Barnard Edwards ft Iaek pack," "drop," or overgraded
commenced Co. Feb to Mch
27 IS 3,475 6,303.97 1.81i
kindly hand it to a neighbor. when it to form carla.tll9. A P.Young&Co.,Mch fruit.
The crop, we might say, was fits Apr. 1,016 1,663.43, I.G3H COMMISSIONS.
handled in February, although wo hadhopl.d Olivit Bros., Mch. 15 to
to have about distribution Apr. 15 965 1,86365 1.93 A saving: of 3 I per cent commission.In .

]\\1all: etiIl during February, March an even and first:! part of StevensSimpson Mch.15 to Apr.&Co.15 1,646 3,793-33 2.30 the this we have of not succeeded. It was
April. W. J. Duncun & Co., Approximate opinion our committee upon the
Mch.15 to Apr 15. 856 210.00 a.y visit to New York that the work of ban
Between the 10th and 24th of February
Sold at Cocoa.......... 930 3,316.44 3.50 tiling. fruit properly was worth .
INDIAN RIVER ORANGE our weather was very unfavorableto Sold in Cross Through 35.804
the man there and 2 per cent. to the
the picking and handling of our fruit, Association 8,200 43,693.59
GROWERS. and in addition to this we had the misfortune I am glad to report that the claims for Association Agent here.
of fruit heated in transit, being loss and overcharges ( nnenta to More than half of the fruit handled
Report of E. P. Porcher, General discharged 1 from steamship, "dripping Chicago) have all been settled and that through the Association Agents was han-
A cent of the dled at 7 per cent as per original arrangement
Association.Our and
a practically closed market in New there remains not a box of fruit nor an
organization for the season of York, owing to unusual cold, with trans- overcharge to be accounted for. commission, but the latter part of tho season! the

18WM& was effected 1 so late that wo were Imitation almost blocked in the city and Reviewing the plan of work wo set out was 10 j IJCr cent.

much lKim|>crcd in getting our plans surrounding country, .from ice and snow. to accomplish and that which wo did accomplish (-'AR-LOT SHIPMENTS AND CAREFUL HAND
fully into operation] circulars sent out, These conditions caused us to stop it stands as follows : LING.

stenoils secured' etc., and the part of the shipments to New York on February Our first aim was to protect: our fruit In this we most fully succeeded. I am
25tli: 1, after which time and until March and it from no-called 1 Indian
plan looking to the grading had very little keep apart sure no fruit that ever went from this
attention given to it. l 15th, all our fruit was forwarded to our River fruit. While we have not succeededin State was more carefully handled. I tako

The Association had, as per j estimate, Chicago agent, said agent having been this, wo have done a great deal toward pride in stating! that several \Vesternbu'crs'
over fifty thousand boxes of fruit pledged authorized under a called meeting of our success. Our fruit has been advertisedand who were at Cocoa and saw the

to the plan of marketing, but owing to executive committee.On brought in a number of ways into work, how the fniit was carefully trucked
an overestimate; and the withdrawing and March\ 6th the executive committee public attention. We have certainly interested carefully placed in the cars (which had
sale of some fruit this amount was re appointed Messrs.I J. M. Sanders and Jos. a goodly number of financially 'previously been carefully cleaned and
duced I, and we actually handled 1 something Paxton to act with me as a committee to strong, honest fruit buyers, who are anx the ventilators arranged I)and' then each
over thirty-four thousand boxes. visit New York City and inspect the lou, ,with us, for their own protection in tier of boxes stripped with .bracing stripsof
The necessary blanks and Jbooks were work of our agent there and with author- seeing the genuine Indian River orangj] 1x3 stuff. When, these gentlemen saw
ity to take such action as we might deem made known to the consumer. We haw
gotten up, and some eight hundred circulars {this work go on as each and every carr
with my card as general agent anda necessary for tho good of the association. only to continue our work, to have ou was leaded) they Mitl"e11, we 1131'0
sample of our trademark, wero sent out Our visit to New York was sudden and( fruit well known and in greater demand shipped cars of fruit ourselves but this
to tho principal jobbers in fruit andwholesale entirely unexpected. \\ 0 verified the than wo have fruit to supply. is the neatest and most careful handling
grocers handling fruit in reports of the condition of fruit upon Our aim was also to secure a standard we have ever 8eCn." If nothing else
thirty-five of the cities, including Port arrival, also the conditions of the weather grade mark, uniform were accomplished I am sure it would the Northeast to Minnea}>olis, and market. GRADING AND A STANDARD OF PACKING pay us well as an Association to have the
in the Northwest, and Kansas City, i in FAULTY TRANSPORTATION. SIZES. work attended to here at the starting

the Southwest \Vft found 1 with consternation that In this we have almost succeeded and point of the fruit's journey, for those
To these circulars about five hundred those whom we had relied l principally can attain success by work of the Association who do not ship in car lots and thus do

replies, and I inquiries were received upon in the transporting of our fruit (the t in making more uniform each their own loading.I .
These narrowed down to twenty-eight O. S. S. Co.) were handling it just a little seeaton mm prower's .cradlnt. with q- an- have, been on several of ordinarily
specific! orders for carloads of fruit,about tatter than old junk or brick. I know other. I am aware that there are jealousies loaded cars and though tho boxes were

fourteen being from reliable firms. that you are all fully informed as to the among all growers and that many braced against each other in the usual
Just twelve buyers came in !person, resulting conditions Messrs. Sanders. Paxton and men are inclined to cavil at their neighbors and ordinary they were thrown
in the sale, at Cocoa, of four carloads myself met with on the )her of Raid com and to doubt that his F. O. B.'s are down in tho switching of tho can. When
fruitand on tho river (through the pany. Suffice it to that we could not up to standard, but I can assure you, these cars wero opened at their destination
Association( ) of four croPS at the groves, understand how any fruit could bo so gentlemen, that taking into consideration or transfer hint the fruit would be

SLOW WORK BELLING AT HOME. handled and "live" long enough to bring that it was a first season of tho attemptand found so jumbled up that tho men'.in' unloading
I that I had been able to far would be almost compelled( to
Our plan prohibited 1 In}' sending out any return to the grower. perform
one box of fruit not paid for in cash at The contrast on the pier of the Pennsylvania less of the grove to grove part of my walk over it and handle it roughly get
Cocoa. Hence orders from firms no matter Itailroad Company was verygreat work and discussion! with the packers straightened up so they could handle( It.

how reliable, stating! a specific j price i and it did i\ot take us long, after than was intended, I think the uniform Our cars handled at Cocoa the last part
and offering to accept bill of lading attached ; this Inspection and a talk with Home of ity of the grading was fairly good. This of season went through; to New., ork
to draft had to be refused. My I I the New York fruit men, to determine was clearly demonstrated hen I was without a strip I loosened or a box out of

utmost endeavors to smooth over this I that our fruit must come by rail all thee selling to a very particular buyer, and a place.
hitch, explain the situation and sell th way. splendid comparison of the grading was COMMENTS AND EXHORTATIONS.
fruit for cash and MORE AGENTS APPOINTED. had. I made a noto of two packs that
were unavailing And
only now in reviewing our I lost season'swork
resulted in the orders being cancelled, After an investigation of )Ir. Newton's were not careful enough and am glad tosay by the light or darkness of whichwe
the firms declining. to "buy a pig in a : books and much talk with a number of had no trouble in having the same can be better equipped for the future
bag," and tdtnply stating that their standing i'i fruit men and the transportation ofiif l. corrected.right and I Our packing think sized are just I would urge that we try to lengthen our
was financially higher than that of f cials, we felt convinced that under the certainly the grade shipping season. We must do it if we
the general! agent and the whole associationHit conditions of fruit and weather Mr. Newton F. G. Wright, No. 1 Bright, X would get all the money that is to be had
F. G, Russet{ Russet distinct

| together. bad done his best all considered -
things for our fruit out of it. Large growers
I am of the opinion that if we had I I, but that it would be advisable that fully answer our purpo:w. We must not get nervous and fear that they
noted this in New York and that the
started l up buslne with some of these the association have additional
> an num- cannot get their fruit moved in time.
firmt, by filling their( orders and attach ber of agents in New York, and four additional common trade had quickly caught on. Better by for that some of it wasted for

ing, draft to bill of lading' we should! have) agents were appointed. It was POLICY OF SELLING AT HOME. it would truly be a saving in the end,
do e a large business with them, as they also thought advisable to allow them the As to selling our fruit here at home. rather than that they should rush their
could have handled from three to five regular commission of 10 per cent I lees 2I We have only in a very small way sue work and {pack their fruit carelessly and
carloads each per week.It i i pier cent. rebate to general agent of asso- ceeded. I do not think that we can ever with imperfect grading. We have five
would simply have been necessary ciation. hope to effect a large number of sales for months in which to market our fruit
for me, as general agent, to give an extra i I From March loth to April 15th, theo spot cash but I am fully convinced) that The West! gives us good prices in per.J
careful inspection of fruit loaded int > I close of season, all the fruit went to New we can sell a great deal of our fruit, and comber and part of January, We should

688".. ..,- .. -, .... TIlE. FLORIDA, FARMER. AND FRUIT-GROWER. .

try to market our fruit regularly durinc agent each in Chicago, Philadelphia and:
December, January, February, March Boston, and five agents in New I ork. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
and April, and above all things stop try OUTLAYS.
foutp rush it all in during the one month -- _
6x February. Fearing that some of our members maj An Incorporated Home Association of Onmjro flrowew for marketing Florida Fruit to the
have the impression that the printingbills boot ad .-AUTHORIZED i CAPITA fouu.ufl.BOX .
I cannot too earnestly l beg> our orangero"el'1J and other expenses of our general I MATEUIAL-Tlie Exchange Is fully prepared to supply boxes: and paper on
to handle their fruit carefull order. Write for price list and terms.
it agent were defrayed 1 by the Association,,
It and carefully and pack Ot'FICEKS
fairly -: :-
that the .or the committee
or trip
fde (it is better to burst one orange Association Ol:O.1t. FAlitllANKR. President. D. OHKKNLEAF. : ,. Vlco-Presldent.
have the I
cost something
than to have t the box) AL1IHKT3I. Ivks.Gen'l.Merr.andTreas. M. It. TUUNKH ::; .
pressure beg to state that, with the exception of : 'alroolllu'. Alacl1un Co.: E.0. lull.llradfonit'o.; 1)r. F.. E. Pratt
jAcked") into neat bright four lads of letter head, five hundred IIIlIAooro Co.: John Fubyan Lake Co.: lIy l'nltche ()nu1Jro Io.: I U. un'cnll". Uu\'al Co.:
boxes Solidly |packed fruit Is fruit that } 11. M(. Il4cr. Uu\'al eo.: A. Itrudy Urc\'UN {'o.: F. (1. ;tam(icon. larJon Co.; O. V.lhlJ"cr,
trademarks and the of the
is {jKicked l polidly' throughout the l box,not sample use Marion Co.: .John M. Ur'an, .o&ccola Co: R'. J-:t'tantul1, Itutnam l'o.; 31. Ioreman Sl.Johnl .
Association cyclostyle and the rubberstamp Co.; C. F. .\. hlelby, Voluilla L.O.; HcnJ. Dowd bake t'o.
rushed in in a hurry and then a few the Association was put to no expense \ ldrc s'nll correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange! ,Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils
t'urger: fruit worked into the top} layer to all theco of printing stationery with full packing and. 11lNtlnlllnlJtructions.. furnished on application.
[ ,
-- --- -- ----- -- -- -- -
it Such l box
ring up] high enough. may telegram, postage, clerk hire, the
j purchase CCTDKAL.KKS
have an orange burst in putting on the JOHN CLARK SON &
of lumber for stripping cars, etc., ,
clack and slack
but it will become a
paid by the general with his
were agent
tidx means the wrappers become loote commission.! The expenses{ of the committee GROCERS AND COMAlISSlON' MEHCHANTS
when iUOjHjned It
and the whole box unsightly satisfactory were borne by each member, with 1 l ;
and it will bring -
up, never the exception of transportation which IN-
t money to the grower. was courteously furnished by t'le' East\
Grain \ Tobacco Etc.
WORK DONE NOTE Coat Line, through their general freight Coal, Hay, Wines Liquors Cigars, ,
agent,)Ir. \\". J. Jar vis. jAO
Having made tho initiatory step and CONCLUSION.In -- LiSTOV WIIISKKY.

formed a strong organization for handling .. ..., .. .. .... .. ... .. ... ... ... k
conclusion I wish to express the I'nrker.... ,. .. '. .. .. 81 7ftIranee / tltrU. Ky''... .. ... .S3 00
our fruit to having gotten! up ( '.Ue,.................... ........ tt UO Virginia. Glade ............ ......... 400
the necessary Tanks and books and deepest regret that we did not meet with MjringYalley. .. ........ ......... :2 :ftO / Old lloiirlion........................... .ft 00
with buyers I the unbounded success I worked hard to North Carolina I :no Krntiirky Sonr1'lar.h.... ............ S'00
opened up correspondence would be secure, and alto to express'! the hope that Clifton Club ..... .......... .... Old linker .................... ......... 5 00
and transportation officials, it Montroutt 'Velvet...........,. .. SO 00
4 a pity indeed if we did not continue and this fact not make us forget that we Jugs Kxlra : One gallon ajc.; two gallon sec., three gallon 71f:. Remit ,by pot office money
reap the reward of our experience and of have much to gain and certainly nothing ordercheck or registered letter We cannot snip C.O, Ia. to dry towns.A .
the great advantages to be derived from now to lose by continuing our organization. : complete price!it of Groceries and Wine Llt sent free on application.

organization and combine. We secured ... JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
M ._ _
- --
a five cent per box reduction in rate last!
Doublo Cry ppln-Plneo.pple, Fiber.
through being organized andsalThwiag LAKE GEORGE SERIES.
our power.\ \\"e were recognized There are not many instances of a plantor IltI:

by transportation people handling tree producing to a profitable extent Write to \\". mT'. Hawkins & Sons for their new catalogue of orange, lemon
our fruit at this end and at the other cud, distinct which and grapefruit trees.
two Orange trees
after we\turned to the Pennsylvania Kail- crops. Our Specialties are: Ruby Orange Triumph Grapefruit and Sanford's
road: people (a corporation, by the way yield great quantities of blossoms, val Thornless Sicily Lemon, the latter declared by experts) in California to to the
that has been said to i ignore consignorand uable in the preparation of perfumes, finest lemon yet brought to the notice of the growers there, analyzing higher in

consignee alike caring only for its are not specially useful as fruit-pro. quantity and quality of acid than any other variety.Standard .

own sweet will, knowing that its powerwas ducers. The wise farmer studies to T. 'V. I-Ir. w..Jcit'1.s t' Sot'
practically limitless)) and every request Gt oi'tc3towv. P'1ta.
repress the excessive growth of the .. .
wo made had careful attention. ---- --- -
was treated with the utmost consideration sweet potato vine in order to secure '

as general agent of our associa- more tubers. The cowpea and the I Guano & Chemical M'f'g Co.

tion, by the official of the East: CoastLine red clover yield more forage and hayin I

and. never lacked an ample supply proportion to the reduced crop of No. 14 Union St., New Orleans, La.
of the best ventilated refrigerator
care and a full corps of help in handlingour seed, and conversely. The production ""'"3 MANUFACTUHEUS OF fc-;

fruit In the very best manner iiosfei- of seed injures the burning quality I High Grade Animal Bone Fertilizers,

ble. Our cars were put through to Jack. of tobacco and the streng h and MADE FROM PUKE

Aonville every afternoon at four o'clock, durability of flax and hemp, Raw and Dissolved Animal Bone.CUKRTWTBBD. .
Cocoa oho ( night at midnight
leaving previous Special Agent Munroe t writing in
thus clone connection for .
the U. S. Agricultural Report, seemsto OSCAR H. NOLAN State
the West or North. I Agent.Jacksonville .
The Pennsylvania Railroad held our lean to a similar opinion in regard i Fla.

cars untouched until our consignees could to pineapple fiber. He says: "AI. _. -

have a representative' on the pier) to gee though in the end it may prove more : Send to Hastings & Wylie, Interlachcn, Fla., for their now catalogue of

them unloaded.} A good many carloads to plant special fruitless
went through to pier 20 within five days The Interlactien Nurseries and Rose Garde&Containing
for fiber the
and) several went through in four days.bO varieties production, only:
had not a(overcharge in freightto object at present has been to add if a classified I list of .

New York and only one cage of shortages possible an extra source of profit to Choice Citnti Fruit, J'earn, Peaches, l'I",,,*, Grape, etc.;

Our overcharge to Chicago amounted pineapple farming in the shape 0'< Together with the choicest\ election ofBUDDED

to lea than $7:> and all claims havebeen ready sale of the leaves after their : ROSES i

1>.0 paid.any of us think that '75,000 worthof usefulness to the plant has passed and To be found in! the State. We >arcI of II. G. lutings & Co., the .
businera in the shipping of orange the (fruit has been cut. The practicehas Interlachen Hose Garden" and largely added, to the stock of Budded Hoses adaptedto

could have been effected by an individual been to let the leaves decay under Florida-Grcvilleas, Camphor aim other tree -and connected the same with

shipper with lews than $150 in loss and the plant and afford possible nourishment our general Nurseries.; For full description and for catalogue, address*
and this$150even recollected?
overcharge to the young suckers. The I-IowtII"1&N: : & 'Vylle
Our trouble was the careless racking,. ,

of some of our fruit; rushing it, in, in amass general opinion on this point is in _--__- ___ _.__ ___ .__ _1.1tcrlcaol__u._ orir II'1ra:1 .. .-
in February; fearful loss through favor of cutting the leaves, but exper The Hammock Plow.
heating on t totcalllonAnti( a fearful mar iments covering several seasons will

kelaU, over the North, through unusual be necessary to properly decide this
cold and blockades by ice and snow.
point. Owing? to the practice on the

HUCGK8TIONH.Thewo keys of planting very close, it was

can Ira in .great. measure avoidedin found that a very large proportion ot
the future. I would advocate almost the leaves was injured. by chafing one

entire rail shipment and the appoint on another; and also from being

ment of an agent In Boston and one in crushed under foot in weeding and
Philadelphia. Shipment! to Boston couldat
cutting the fruit. This condition
advantageously by Clyde
Line and Metropolitan Steamship Com seems to be almost entirely obviatedby

pany. spacing the plants at least two feet,

It would also!!! be of importance that as has been done on the mainland.

growers should instruct our general agent o r

something like this, "Ship my fruit to Alligator's' tail is one of( the queer ; '
PO and HO. unless conditions as to mar rt ;,trsc ,
delicacies much prized by Southern '
would in
kets and receipts by that agent
vour judgment make' It advisable that my Creole gourmands; but the tail of Manufactured expressly for use in Florida No plow has ever been made that

fruit go elsewhere, in which event, use every alligator is not desirable. It will surpass this in turning the heavy, clammy lands of the hammocks or flat-

your best! judgment. must be the proper size and condition. wood of Florida, South Georgia and south Alabama. It has ample throat, high
Thfs# Would prevent growers giving an When it is properly cooked it is most !land: side and there is no danger of its choking in foul lands. The best grades of
Ironclad order that their fruit should 'iron center steel employed and all wearing parts are thoroughly hardened.
only go to a certain market and a specified I toothsome. It tastes something like Weighs 60 pounds, steel beam, cut OJ; inches, with one extra point. j'rico f 10.50.
agent. Such a plan would give us an turtle.-Fishing Gazette. Given with the paper one year for $8.30 or as a premium for five new subscribers.



Wearing Out the DIeback Poison. Autumn Fertilizing for Fruit. We have but one tree which was Sour Stocks the Only Provontlvo. ,
About fourteen ; Mr. E. .Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: planted in April of 1890. The main of Foot-Rot. w T T
years ago
G. Hill planted, at Lawtey, Bradford To get best results on our sandy stem is now five inches in diameter, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
county, a seedling orange grove of soils it is necessary, in growing ever the branches starting two feet above My personal experience with foot.
ten or twelve acres, on flatwoods green fruit trees like the orange, to the soil. It is fifteen feet high, very rot extends over a period of six or
land. Most of it was on the crest follow nature as closely as possible and broad at the top (twelve feet in diam seven years, and the longer I associate -
and southern slope of a very slight apply in autumn a sufficient amount eter) and narrowing: to the main stem with it the more I fear it. I am

ridge, which was found, in due process of the cleanest and most slowly available where the first branches start. This part owner in a grove on Silver
of time, to be unfavorable to or nitrogen attainable in combina. flaring,habit_ gives it a. top, and makes Springs Run. The land is very rich,
ange culture. The clay subsoil is tion with proper percentages of minerals secure propping necessary. The heavy hammock, but not low, as it is
generally only about three feet below that the trees may slowly assimi branches are long and spreading and twenty to twenty.five feet. above the
the surface, but above that, in many late what is necessary to give them full when weighted with plums are: liableto river and admirably drained. We first,
places, is a stratum of-snuff colored or vigor for the vital effort of spring split or break unless. they are sup. noticed the trouble about the tiniVthc,
nearly black soil, which is popularly growth and bloom. I have a small ported. I sweet seedlings began to bear, and, in
called hard-pan. It is not hard at all block of seedling trees that bore next The tree is within two feet of the spite of all we could do, we have lost

as the roots easily penetrate it; that is, to no fruit till 1 adopted the autumn apex of a triangular plot, bounded on about 800, and I feel quite sure we will
they penetrate it a short distance and plan of fertilizing. For several years: one side by a hard carriage road, on eventually lose every tree on sweet
then seem to become poisoned and I have used chiefly the complete fer the other by a hard path two feet in roots. In this same 'grove we had a
"club off" or rot off and cease any fur tilizer sold by Rev. Lyman Phelps, width Near the base of this triangular few Florida rough lemon stocks and &

ther attempts to grow in that direction.For Sanford, minimum analysis 12 percent plot and over fifteen_ feet distant. good many (several, hundred) sour
years the trees straggled along potash from double manure salt, are a pear tree on the right and a.. trees, some natural and some transplanted :
in a more or less moribund condition, 6 pet cent. available phosphoric acid, Lincoln plum on the left, with intervening and we have never lost a tree
and when the freeze of 1886 came and 4 per cent. ammonia from the shrubs. The soil of the little on sour rJls.'hen the sweet stocks;
along it wiped the greater part of sulphate. I had previously bought plot is good enough, but one would died we grubbed them out and replaced'.
them out pretty much down to the materials separately and mixed in suppose that it must be pretty well them with budded trees on sour. root .'
ground. But in the grounds immediately similar proportions but they were crowded with roots. A good many 01! these trees are now
around the house there were caked and lumpy; for( proper amounts Our notes say that July 17th the bearing, and we have never seen, a
about two dozen trees which had been and mixing I could not trust my men tree was loaded with fruit. There sign of foot,rot on any of. them.
the family pets and had received ex but had to do it mysel1; so I prefer were marks of the curculio on every In the celebrated Rogers grove'J'ust
tra attention and fertilizer. These paying a little more and getting the plum, though none had dropped or across the river, they had ]
passed through the freeze with only a goods thoroughly mixed and regroundto rotted. August 5th they began to sweet seedlings. All died with/tJ /-rc/.
moderate loss of wood and in two or finest mechanical condition, color. None had fallen or rotted, Large sour stocks were taken 'from the.
three years they had restored their The proportions are scientifically though the weight of the fruit was so natural grove and reset where these,
original proportions and were hand calculated to meet the needs of orange great that three props were used and trees died, and they have been doing
some trees. trees on average soils, and 1,000 the tree anchored so as to resist heavy well for years.

Even before the freeze these household pounds per acre is a full dressing for winds. One must, wait at least two years
pets had grown completely out large trees. Mr. Armstrong very fully August 12th a bushel was pickedfor without any sign of reappearance before
of the dieback and were perfectly discussed the amounts of the different preserves. None were fully ripe, he crows, as I thought several,
healthy. l'heyare on the west and elements needed by the orange in your but nearly all were ripening. The times I had conquered only to find 1

north of the buildings; so that they paper and practically determined the color was then green and crimson. had but checked, instead:of curing. I
received no protection from the wind, same proportions. The plums easily averaged six inches have always gone to investigate any.
and they evidently owed their immu I try to apply the fertilizer from i5th in circumference. It would be fairly, case reported to me on sour stock, and-
nity to their greater vigor and their to 3oth November, working it in thor round but for the little conical nipple. have never failed to trace the cause to,
health. oughly and grinding up the sod with The flesh was a dull yellow, juicy and a blow or bruise_ of some kind. A.

The. dismal fate of the rest of the the cutaway narrow, crossing between tender enough, but not of high qual. bruise at one season of the year may
grove would have completely disCouraged the trees in all four directions so that ity. The skin was firm, but not objectionably be easily made to heal over, while,at
the owner if it had not been only a small space is usually left about so. Most of the bearing another stage of growth it may develop,
for the escape of the house trees. the tree and covered by grass. I haveto branches bore as many as twelve something very difficult to cure; and:
The latter are really magnificent trees. mow and spread these in Octoberto plums to the foot. when gum begins to exude from the,
One of them the only budded tree in do best work with the cutaway. I On August 18th all were picked. wound it has often been mistaken for' ,

the lot, will, in the opinion of the leave this grass as a mulch and protection They were not fully' ripe, but the a case of foot-rot. I had such a tree-
writer yield eight or ten boxes this to collar and laterals from cold, bees attacked them so voraciously>> and in my grove and watched it with a
fall, whtle the others will average and, except about young trees only in such numbers that, had the plums good deal of interest but as it all
probably, five. There is not a vestige hoe this space once a year when I am been left on a few days longer, all healed over about four years ago, andis
of dieback about them thoughthe cultivating in April and May. Mr.E. would have been destroyed.It sound yet, I concluded it was not
soil on which they stand was :. II. Hart's old grove adjoins mine is estimated that nearly three foot rot. I have it here on high, dry,
originally identical in character with and he has mulched a strip in his tree i bushels of plums were (from first to pine land. Our trees are mixed sweet!
the rest of the grove. rows about eight feet wide for twenty t last taken from this tree. No insecti and sour stock, and it is all on the

the of the years, moving it with a rake, hoeing cide was used; the tree was not jarred. sweet roots. My business calls, me,
household Encouraged by the escape tried and renewing once a year, while the During the past twenty years we have all over the orange-growing section of..
small block pets of the wrecks owner and a alleys he hoes twice a year. It is a grown not less than twenty-five varieties the State, and I find foot-rot everywhere -
much more expensive system than the of plums-many of them said to ; and, as I said on the start, I
and he has in
cultivating the last three years fertilizing, brought them ,out one I follow and there is some danger: be; "curculio.proof ;j" but the Abun consider it one of the worst enemies.....
free from dieback the best. of trees getting injured by fire.'e dance is the only variety that could we have to contend with.
as as of rich both have all the fruit our trees can hold its fruit to maturity.The I have saved some trees by grafting.
They are perfectly healthy a ,
I good from all in sour seedlings planted at the.base/
carry. get crops my
color and bear. above is from the Rural New I
dark just beginning to
trees, as to condition except the !)ar&on's of the sweet tree, but it is not always s'f'
Yorker and is followed the
He now considers that he has, in expe
Navel which bear but moder successful and have.
; as long as we the
fourteen years, proven that the dieback i ately. I have never girdled and don'tthink riences of nine correspondents who sour, bitter.sweet, grapefruit ants. na,
poison-at least this kind of die- have tried it. Their opinions are gen-
I ever shall excepting possiblythe tive Florida lemon, I think far they
favorable its
erally especially as to
back poison-can worn out, neutraliJed.
Navels' E. S. HUMBARD. its safest plan for those; planting out D.c>tv ,
and the soil rendered great prolificacy and showiness, '
Federal Point. Fla. is
let stock
groves to sweet severely
which render it a good market fruit. :
healthy. He will now proceed to experiment ------
alone. Those having young swes{,.
Its time of in the North
with the entire grove, re Toe Sweet Botan ( Abundance) ripening
Plum. brings it into competition with the seedling groves can easily save then
plant the missing spaces trim and about three
by planting sours aroundthem.
shape up the surviving stubs whichare Luther Burbank of Santa Rosa, peach, but that objection would not Let them
worth retaining at all, fertilize and Cal., imported this plum from Japan hold in Florida. As to its being proof I bud or arch them into grow the a.ear. main, tree tjicn:f
cultivate and set about wearing out and named it Sweet otan. I It was against curculio, probably the best But with old this not
an tree does
the poison here also. It looks now aiterwards named Abundance by J. expression is the one given by Pro- work, for obvious ,l
as if he would yet create a good ten T. Lovett of Little Silver N. J.,who fessor Budd, that it is stung about as shall be so well hear from reasons. I.
glad to othecson.,
i if much other plums but that the
acre grove on the same character of may be considered its popularizer, as this Yours
subject.. truly
Abundance is curculio does not seem to penetratethe :
soil which bankrupted two other men not its introducer. a
M. E.
years ago and sent them back to the good name and an appropriate one, flesh as with others. South Lake Weir. GlLLETT.: .
Nertk disgusted with orange-growing but Sweet Botan is the name it oughtto ... -
in Pterida I carr)"*by the rights of prio ity. Beware of the "bears." After frost look.for*the;buy ersx .ft|. '


J. ALEX. LITTLE, President.
LOCKIIAIIT L1TTLK, Secretary and Treasurer 1







A Special Invitation Extended. All to Visit Our Factory. PROMPT SHIPMENTS. GREAT CARE AND ATTENTION GIVEN TO ALL ORDERS.


4 .._

MERSD'PCI: } (ER I them with a mixture of wheat bran Two-Horse Plowing. occasion to excavate twenty feet deepon
and Paris green wetted up with water Editor Farmer and Fiuit-Grower: this same land, and to-day the
Putting tbo Soil in Fino Tilth. -one part Paris green to twenty parts: My experience in deep plowingand growth of grass and weeds is as rankon
I bran. the power of clay dug twenty the clay from the bottom of this
The best plowman with the best .. (feet below the surface to produce excavation as anywhere else.
steel plow cannot do perfect work. Lettuco for a Shipping Crop. plants and grass leads me to believe How much nitrogen runs off to
The masses of dry crabgrass and other A certain amount of first class, the fertility of the earth is inexhausti the sea I don't know or how much
trash will accumulate and go under in white, crisp head lettuce is always ac- ble. the sea gives back, but I believe the
wads, leaving pockets or air holes ceptable in the Northern markets The first plowing I ever did in sea is generous and gives back as
underneath the furrow slice. If during the winter and springfirstclass Florida was nine years ago. It was much as it receives. And then againI
these are not beaten down they will be it observed. NVe are acquainted in an old field which had been cultivated I believe the ammonia or other food
become centers of dryness during the with a gardener in Bradford in sugar cane before the war, which plants absorb or feed on depends
fall drouth, and plants set near them county who netted over $iso from and for sometime after in cotton and upon how they are fixed to
will be stunted or killed outright.The about a half acre of lettuce last winter. corn, but for some years had been take them up.
disk harrow will cut into these The seed should be sown at once in turned out and had grown up with While I am a great advocate of irrigation
pitfalls and let them down; this admirable very rich, mellow beds and kept briers and broom sedge. The old I don't fail to do all 1 can to
implement ought to be run watered and covered for a few days, ridges were there yet, and I was advised produce moisture without it; and
over the land until it is so well compacted as has been described several times in to burn off and bed back I deep plowing, clean culture and
that the foot of a man walkingover our columns for celery seed, until it didn't like this one-horse business thorough pulverizing of the soil will
the field will nowhere break begins to sprout. In January or February and don't yet So I went to Ocala do it. After the freeze of '86 we
through. Next comes the plank dragor they may be transplanted into and was fortunate in finding a two had the severest drouth I have knownin
rubber, consisting of plank laid beds, in rows eighteen inches apart horse plow and a good one. With Florida; for seven weeks we did
weatherboard fashion, or a frameworkof and about fifteen or eighteen inchesin two good, strong horses, I run that not have a drop of rain. My plows
pieces of studding, like a window the row, depending somewhat on plow as near to the beam as I could never stopped during all that time
shutter, laid with a corner down. the variety. The Salamander is a and turned everything out of sight, and there was no time when there
This treats the soil like a piece of linen good variety, also the Hanson and and turned dirt in sight that had was not moisture two inches below
rubbed over a washboard; makes it fine I there are others that yield fine, large, never enjoyed the warmth of the sun the surface-the loose dirt acting as
and firm. Lastly comes the roller, crisp heads. These should be shippedin or felt a breath of air. My neighbors a sponge, producing capillary attrac
which is also indispensable in some barrels, with a small lump of ice in said I would ruin my land by tion; and at no time did my corn
soils, following after the plank drag the center of each barrel. If any of f turning so much sand on top. I had twist its leaves. For two weeks it just
and firming the soil. our readers desire it we will give fur- sub-soiled before, had looked into this held its own and did not grow an inch,
No seeds can germinate to advantage particulars later on. Lettuce is useda thing and I was satisfied there was but when the rains came it went like
and the fine rootlets of plants can great deal in large cities as a trim not as much sand in Florida as people a race horse.
not travel and gather nourishment if: ming or ornament to various dishes. thought. I sowed this in oats, which Florida, one year with another, is
the soil is coarse and loose, full of I didn't get high enough to cut. I the surest crop producing country I
air spaces which dry up the delicate Plowing Und or Pea Vines. didn't expect them to; I turned my ever saw, and that without the expenditure
spongioles as they attempt to reach Prof. W. F. Massey answers an inquiry horses in and fed them down; followed of money for commercial
across them. with cow and fed them fertilizer in field
of a correspondent as follows :: peas culture.
If your land is well supplied with down; (followed in July with another I repeat, I do not mean that come
Fighting Cabbage Insects. vegetable matter it will pay you bestto crop of peas and let them rot on th mercial fertilizer should not be used;
Some seasons the grasshoppers another d mow the peas and cure for cow-ha ground; followed with corn next but I do say the knowlege necessary
insect pests are very troublesome as soon as podded. I If your land i is spring and at last plowing sowed peas for its successful ue should be as
on the young plants. The sandy and needs vegetable matter. let again. After gathering my corn I had great upon the part of the farmer as
Alachua county truckers fight them them die down on it, and do not plow the richest and most luxuriant pasture it is necessary for a physician to know
with fire. They haul or rake up twolarge under until you prepare for a crop I ever saw, cornstalks, beggarweedsand : diseases and the remedies and their:
windrows of dry trash parallel In the South never plow in the fall j 1 pea vines. I turned hogs, cattleand application.CHAS.
and six or eight feet apart, then withrattletraps I any land intended for spring crops. horses on it and sowed it in oats W. CAMPBELL, SR.
bells, horse fiddles, tin At the North, where the land reezes the latter part of November. The Campotxllo Marion county
pans, etc., they drive swarms of themin deeply, it pays to plow clay land i in yield was as good as ever I saw on --e---
between the windrows and set fire the fall, so as to get it mellow by. upland. That field has been in oats Keeping Swoot Potato Vines.
to them all along on the outside i in freezing. But land in the South lying and corn alternately ever since, and For the benefit of your readers I
many places at once and a great many' bare all winter and exposed to a heavy the best crop has been the last. It will give directions how to keep sweet
are consumed. During the heatof the rainfall, will lose more than it will 1 has always been broken up with a potato vines through winter, to be
day when they are thick on the beds gain by the practice. The dead pea two-horse plow and will be again next used in early spring for seed. Cut
of the young plants, they walk along vines will protect the soil. If you month and sown with wheat and bar the vines close to the hill; take a
the sides of them and fling large grow wheat the pea stubble is the place ley for winter and spring pasture, and knife and clip off leaves and leaf
handfuls of sand with great force into for it, and it can be got into fine order then planted with pinders and fed to stems close to vine, and if vines be
them, which drives them off tempora after the peas are cut. On land of razorbacks. longer than four feet, cut them in two
rily. We would recommend our fair fertility I do not think it pays to Mv I experience is that land does not or more pieces, for convenience.
readers who are afflicted with these or plow under a crop that will make a lose Its fertility and power of product Select a place well drained. Raise a
other insects, including cut worms, to large amount of food for animals.- iveness by cultivation; it is the want I little mound the size you wish your
try the California plan of poisoning Practical Farmer. of it that injures. A year ago I had hill, about eight inches high in the


J- -- .- -
-- -
middle, sloping to edge. Now put considerable difference in the compar- success might be the experience of day. Roup is a disease thit is almost

down a layer of vines two inches ative trustworthiness of some of the every farmer in Bradford county if incurable, being contagious; and gradually
deep; cover with fine earth, and so leading and most extensive seed they would exercise more care in the exhausts the bird instead of

continue a layer of vines, alternated dealers. A few of the smaller firms, management of their farms.-Starke causing instant death. If it appearsin
with fine earth until you form a cone and of less extended reputation, frequently Telegraph. the flock the labor of handling the

shaped hill. Cover this with corn gain the custom of Southern sick birds is often more than the valueof

stalks, or anything to keep dry and druggists, and often of retail dealers, the flock; and as roup cannot well
keep from freezing. Vines are much by granting the privilege of returning 1'oul r '. be treated on the wholesale plan (thatis

easier to be kept than potatoes, and in the stock which remains unsold in without handling the fowls), it is

January or February you will have their hands after the spring sales. In Edited by E.W.AMSDEN, Ormood. Fla. cheaper to clean them out, burn the
nice vines to plant, much earlier than some instances such seeds may be ..... -- carcasses, thoroughly disinfect and
sets, and they make the nicest and good and true, but having suffered Cleaning the Poultry House. begin anew. The buildings shouldbe

smoothest potatoes. As vineless yams losses from their use, I warn Southern A writer says : With some, the very warm and dry.-Western

are very scarce, very much more growers against their purchase.The matter of cleaning out the poultry* Rural. .

potato seed can be saved by this surest way to avoid disaster is house is not an important duty. Oncea The Ducks at This 4 Season.-
method, and at the same time a heretofore to make a preliminary test of any suspicious week, twice a month, or as often as
kind of shelter will
useless part of the plant util seed. It is not necessary to it becomes foul, is the rule, but it is Any serve for a
flock of( ducks
provided the floor is
ized. I have gardened several years commit the seed to the roundDr.. not always easy to determine when ,
of boards and covered with
and never failed to save potato viues, Nobe, of the Tharand, :Saxony, Seed the work should be done by observa. The floor straw.
while at same time I have had all my Control Station, has devised a simple tion. Much depends on the mannerof soon filthy, and
the feet of the ducks will
potatoes rot.Texas Farm and Ranch. apparatus of earthenware for the pur cleaning, the absorbent used, and pack the
straw down hard and firm which is
pose. To test seeds, I place a sample, the number of birds in the house. ,
not conducive of
to labor
Shade as a Fertilizer.I folded in a piece of moist cloth or Then again, the weather should be a saving
when cleaning out the house. Cut
blotting paper at the bottom of a consulted. If the air is cold and dry,
do ride
not care to any hobby to straw or hay should be used in preference
small common flower pot, which is there will sometimes be no odor aris
but results from
excess, my mulching to that which is uncut and if .
land with remarkable plunged in the soil of another, one or ing from the droppings, and the 1 birds ,
straw are so to they can be procured, leaves are bet
sizes and third filled will not then be uncomfortablewhen
two larger, a
that it be mention l prt
me, may proper to ter than anything else. Ducks are
with earth of the size of the first is the droppings are allowed to
them A few when
again. days ago, soon injured by dampness, and though
placed within the second. If the soil remain, but nothing more conducesto
all the land that
nearly was so dry they prefer a swim in the water when
of the I of the two pots is kept damp, the seed, dampness and disease than a floor
seeding was out question, such can be indulged in
burned mulch off few if good, will germinate, and can, from covered with filth. Unless some absorbent yet they
a straw a acres must have a dry place at night.
that had been covered nearly two time to time, be conveniently exam: be used, the work of cleaningthe .

months. This was an oat stubble, ined. By thus testing his seed, the pultry house will be difficult. The Adult Fowls tho Best Breeders.Let .

turned and rolled down. The moist. gardener may ascertain the percentagesure object should be to prevent the drop- me say to all amateurs in the

ure in the soil was so great that a few under proper management, to pings from adhering to the floor, poultry business that I am satisfied
come and regulate his sowing which should be of boards, and tight,
hours of sun and air were needed to up may half the battle consists in having
dry it sufficiently for the harrow. As accordingly.If as a wooden floor is warm in winter, good, strong adult fowls to raise from.

the total rainfall in the month was I seeds are to be preserved and retain can be swept with a broom and is Then the eggs hatch well, and the

less than one inch, and most of it fell their proper vitality, it is indis therefore more easily cleaned. If the chicks with reasonably fair attention
two weeks previous to the burning, pensable that theyshould be completelyripe roost is placed over a wide board, will grow right off. There is all

and as most fallow land is excessively and be kept perfectly dry. They which catches the droppings, the the difference in the world in the vital-

dry, this experiment affords me proofof should be inclosed in cloth 1 bags and board should always be kept well ity of chicks a day old. From puny,

the wonderful value of a good suspended in a dry room. Importedseed covered with dry dirt, adding a peckof stunted, half starved stock, chicks

mulch. The limits of the plat I should not, as is frequently done, plaster to every two bushels of would rather die than live, and will

mulched one year ago are still clearly be sent to our warm climate packedin dirt, which should be sifted and in a do it, too, in spite of everything;
fine condition.
defined by the growth of young clover hermetically closed metallic cases. larger portion of while from good, vigorous, robust
and timothy. The yield of grain was Neither the seed, nor the thick paper the droppings will fall on the board, ancestry -you just can't kill them.A .
but the floor will also catch
much better than that from the remainder generally used in packing being sufficiently a portion. FARMER'S DAUGHTER.
of the field, and now the dry the confined moisture will Sawdust. may. 1 be scattered over the .

stand of grass is twice as good. Instead cause a commencement of germination dirt, also with advantage. The proper A California farmer recently wrote:
of attempting to rot all the and the heat generated by the way to clean is to sweep the floor "Mind\ is more than muscle. A mule

straw not consumed by cattle and process and the moisture is very apt with an old rough broom then scrape has four time the muscle of a man;
in such to the the floor with a hoe, and sweep again. use the muscle of the I
spreading it as manure, it seems to be cases destroy vitalityof mu e. was
far better to haul it when dry and use all. Next scatter dirt or finely sifted coal in St. Joseph, Mich., and saw aspara.
as a covering for the land. The re Seeds of home growth that are subject ashes over the floor, so as to cover it gus for sale One lot was roughlyput

turns from it are much greater on to injury from weevils may be completely, and after cleaning off the up in boxes to be returned. Another

the thin portions of my fields. In preserved in jugs, d.mijohns, etc., in board under the roost, rub keroseneon in neat, white boxes, which
which of the roost. If this is done twice a did not cost half of the other
some way it enrichens more than can ,a piece gum camphor, a was
be credited to the ashes, besides giving little cyanide of potassium (a most week, only a few moments will be ie- put up neatly in bunches, tied by red

a fine seed bed.-Country Gentle- deadly poison) or an open phial of quired for cleaning the poultry house, tape in neat bows, tied, no doubt, bya
man. turpentine has been inserted. and if done properly no odor will be woman, and brought 40 per cent.

....- -----.....*.- distinguished therein. But the work more; cost lesi.than the other." Curiosity
A Uood Farmer. should be done regularly and not led him to the home of the
Tho Quality of Seeds-Testing. .
semi occasionally so as to permit of
man and found him doing less hard
Oemler, in his Truck Farm:ng for Mr. S. I). Crews, who lives about confining the hens in damp weather.If work and showing more general

the South, says of the quality of seven miles west of Starke, is one of the house is kept clean, the fowls prosperity than his average neighbors.

seeds : those farmers who live at home and should be shut in on rainy days, and I also know a milk dealer who keptan

Its plumpness, its specific gravityor board at the same place. This year they will be less liable to danger from account with his cows, each havinga

density, rather than its size, is an Mr. Crews has housed 325 bushels of I roup or coldsTurponttue separate account, and the cow that
indication of the quality of the seed; corn from thirteen acres of land, and ----- -e- --- did not show a profit was sold to the
and it will generally sink in water. will make 8,000 or 10,000 pounds of for Roup. farmer who did not keep books. He

No one matter is of more importanceto cotton from eight acres. He has threeor Experiments made show that the asked all the farmers pr. sent who kept

the horticulturist than the qualityof four acres planted to sweet potatoes germs of roup are destroyed when farm accounts or even a cash accountto
the seed he sows, not only in ref- and an abundant crop of pinders, to brought in contact with spirits of tur raise their hands. Not a hand
erence to the certainty of vegetating, which twenty-five head of fine meat pentine. Turpentine, however, is a was raised.

but also to its being true to variety. hogs are just now doing:: full justice.Mr. severe dose to give, even if effectual, ......
Our well known seed merchants, as a Crews does not undertake to cul and if too much is given it may do People need not suffer from cornsor

general rule, doubtless seek to send tivate more than forty acres of land damage of itself. To properly pre other pedal troubles if they will

out sound and reliable seed; but theyare and uses four horses for the work. So pare it mix one part of spirits of tur I change their shoes three times a day,"

compelled in some instances to it may be seen that the cultivation of pentine, one part kerosene and three assert! a man who has tried the ex

depend for a supply of special kinds the land is thorough, and that is what parts glycerine in a sewing machine periment. "Where one juir pinches

upon seed growers personally unknownto brings good results. Mr. Crews says I oil can, and always shake well before another sets easily, and frequent
them, and may themselves be that he has had to 1 buy meat only once I using. With the point of the oil can changes of footgear keep the circulation
ceived. In an experience of dee'' in eighteen years, and has laid by some force three drops of the mixture down in order and the toes undis-

six years, I have found, however, money every year. The story of his the throat of the fowl three times a figured." 4.--


everything show neatness and a certain long letters, spends his money like a
(State ews. OUPupal fiome : amount of care in its appearance prodigal, is ready to go here, there or '
I as well as in the preparation of the anywhere, rain or shine, at the Leek
Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, viands. This can be done without and call of his fair mistress; wears his
White of Citra the all
C. W.
St. Thomas Fla. -..... maki.ig. it a show table. No use best clothes, walks with the erectness''
around of business his
of man from says he ship- A Mother's Work. setting here and there a fancy plate, and elasticity of a' trained athlete,
ment oranges groves owns or piling up "individual dishes," smiles on all mankind, and is a being
and has interest in will foot
an up to "She looketh well to the ways of her fearing, as I once heard a lady say, much beyond and above the commonrun
70,000 boxes.A household, and catcth not the bread of that the table "look bare;" buta of the race. All this he is to the
carload of green oranges,; was idleness.**-Prov. xxxi, 27. few pretty blossoms give a refined woman to whom he is playing the
hauled from Oviedo, to Chicago in six Early in the morningUp appearance. lover. She takes him for what he
days. If the railroads would move as soon as light, Don't be discouraged, if sometimesno seems to be-not for what he is. Per

oranges with as much expedition when Overseeing Putting all breakfast things right-, ; eyes but your own seem to rest on haps he may turn out what he seemsto
they get ripe they would do well. Drelsing little children; them.It be, perhaps not-generally not.
Mr. Charley Thomas runs a big Hearing 1 lessons said 1, seems as if an evil spirit often Most husbands are disappointing to
dairy and thinks seriously of havingan Washing baby face: strives to preside at the family board, their wives because they immediatelyafter
electric wire run from Ocala to his Toasting husband's "bread.) where all should be peace and har- marriage collapse-collapse into

cow.pen so that he can milk his cows After breakfast: reading, mony. Nervous, overworked men mere matter-of-fact, plain, everydaymen
at any hour of the night by the electric Holding one at prayers; and women are occasionally very per. who seem to think about* as
Banner. Putting up the dinners; all A of much of another.-Clara
glare.Qcala Mending little tears verse, we are aware. sight one thing as
We have been informed by Capt. ( kissing! children, these floral gems may serve to turn Belle.
Ben Dowd that work will soon beginon Sending[ off to school, the tide of thought and conversationscatter t. .
the Fruit Exchange packing house. With a prayer and blessing the "vapors," and like a ray of Right Kind of a Girl.
The building is to be built of corru- Mother's heart is full. sunshine on a stormy day, dispel the An Eastern paper tells of a pretty
gated iron, and some delay has been Washing up the dishes, cloud that is waiting for a chance to and talented girl; who had completedher
occasioned in getting the material.- Sweeping carpets clean, drop. school course with credit, and by
Eustis Lake Region. Doing up the chamber work, I have known a cool, white rose reason of rather special talents had

The editor of the St. Andrews Buoy Baby Sewing lies a-crying on machine, ; surrounded by its green leaves to stiflean received more attention and admira-

has a farm, ten miles across the bay, Rubbing little eyes, incipient quarrel. Blessed rose. tion than falls to the lot of most girls.
on which he demonstrates practical Mother leaves her sewing MINNIE GILMORE MILLS.St. She was asked the other day how she
The editor of To sing the lullabies. Thomas Fla her vacation.
agriculture Saturdays. ... was enjoying
---- .aSpanieh --
TilE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER Cutting little garments, Moss. "Oh, I'm enjoying it very much,"
goes forty miles to his farm and workson Trimming children's hats, Apropos of enquiries made in 'THE she answered brightly.
it more or less two days out of the Writting for the papers, FARMER FRUIT GROWER "I'm doing the housework and let
AND concerning -
week. With callers having chats; ting mother have a little rest."
Hearing little footrtcns the manipulation of Spanish muss.
The shipment of sweet potatoes from RTelling unnin ; through tne hall, let-me say that nice cushions, pillowseven "Your mother is away on a vacation
Plant City is getting to be a businessof school is over, mattresses may be made by boil then?" was the natural question."Oh .
large proportions. Key West, Tampa As IIlnn1ln: name they call. ing the moss in large wash kettles- no," was the reply, "she's at
and Ybor City afford a constant de Talking with the childrenAll those commonly used in the country- home, but I'm giving her a chance to
mand for all the sweet potatoes raisedat about their school! drying, shaking well and picking well, rest in the morning, and to dress up
and around Plant City, and not Soothing little troubles, to be sure that all bits of wood are out. and sit out on the piazza when she
consumed by our own people. Key Teaching grammar rule; Comparatively small quantities onlycan feels like it. I think it will do her

West especially makes large demandson Seeing Lighting; about up supper the\ room, be done at a time, but it is a much good to have a little change."
this place for this vegetable alone Making homo look cheerful, more speedy process than allowing it -.--
and this demand runs throughout the l Expecting husband soon. to remain in the ground a month to The Air Potato.

whole year.-Plant City Courier.A Then with all her headaches, rot. The gray covering comes off, Editor Farmer and-FruU-Grower:
year ago last summer Mr. W. E. Keeping to herself, leaving a clean fibre that is pliable, I In your last i issue I see a communi.
Pabor bought 2,000 acres of land in Always looking cheerful, and, of course, entirely free from any cation describing the air potato. It is
DeSoto county and laid the foundation Other lives bed to children bless; kind of parasite, as well as sand.It catalogued by tourists as cinnamonvine
to ,
for a colony on Pabor Lake. Putting Hearing say their prayer, makes a cleanly and wholesome' or Chinese yam. It is used in
One hundred and twenty-five thou. Giving all a good night's, kiss! bed; but let the housewife who pre. China the same as the Irish potato in
sand pineapple plants have been set Before she goes down stairs. pares one bear in mind that the moss Ireland. I have seen tubers over two
and give every indication of doing Onco more in the parlor, must be spread out in the sun until so feet long and several inches in diam.
well, though this region is far from Sitting down to rest! thoroughly dry that not a trace of eter, but never weighed or cooked
the coast; and it is believed that, if a Reading, in the Bible dampness exists, otherwise linimentswill them. When in bloom they are deliciously .
supply of plants can be obtained, 250- How His promises are blessed; be next in order, as it is said one sweet-scented, very much re
000 more will be set next summer.A Taking all her borrows night's repose on even slightly damp sembhng the scent of cinnamon. The
bright, chatty monthly called the With And that every trusting care to, hopeful One, heart; moss will bring on acute rheumatism. bloom is wbite, borne in clusters. I
Pabor Lake: Pineapple is publishedthere. Which none but mothers own. I give this as the result of observa have some very nice young vines.
----- --.-, -..- tion, not experience. M. G. M.[ MRS. C. E. PEARSON.
Flowers for the Tablo. ------ -.---
A correspondent of the LakelandSun Archer.
writing from Sanford, says : A bunch of (flowers in a small When a Woman is Happy. .
"Within a mile of me there grows a handsome vase, or even in a common There is no period in a woman'slife Tho Ohorokoo Roso.
camphor tree forty feet high, planted glass tumbler, is a beautiful addition when she is so happy as when she The Cherokee rose, by the way, is
(presumably, as the grove in which it to the family table. is being courted. That accounts (for a wonder in itself, its history is pictu
stands was planted) eighteen years I No lady thinks of giving a "dining"to the fact that a great many of them resque. Growing apparently sponta
ago. It is handsomely developed; is her friends, without a centre pieceof permit themselves to be courted by neously through the Southern Atlantic
in as perfect a condition of health and the rarest flowers at her command; men who have no right to do such a and Gulf States and with special
beauty as a tree can be. Youngertrees and in the fashionable world, a blossom thing. They like the gallantries of luxuriance in the uplands of Georgiaand
are to be seen at various places.No or two at each plate. courtship, the playful words of a suitor, South Carolina, it was associatedwith
tree can be handsomer or more But how many housekeepers use his constant animation, his hundredsof the Cherokee Indians, whose
symmetrical, branching well at the the flowers, that are spread so lavishly small compliments, his readinessand fatherland that region was until the
ground, at times of new growth, show around us, to beautify the everydaytable agility in extending his hand whites drove them out of it. Scarcely
ing lovely tints of pinkish color. Ina for husband and children ? whether it is needed or not, his inspi more than the lovely white roses,
word, the tree gives proof of adapt. Don't many of us consider it too rational conversation, his self-sacrifice springing everywhere by the wayside,
ability to soil and conditions. Thisis much trouble and keep the bouquetsfor and unvarying devotion. Heavens! and gloriously festooning even the
the identical camphor tree from the parlor ? This is a mistake. what is there that a man will not do tall pine stumps in the woods,
which all the camphor of commerceis The choicest rose that blooms is not when he is in love? What else will remained to tell the story of the
obtained." too fine to place at your husband's drive him to such lengths of brilliancyand native inhabitants. It was a roman
plate-if you have but one that is the daring? It is then that he becomes tic memorial. But the name
LADIES place for it-and if he is the man I I the cock bird, puts on his most brilliant "Cherokee Rose" was and is a lie.
lfedl&a tonic or children who want buildIn -
I un,should take take him for he will appreciate the plumage: struts about in his greatest The flower was not a relic of the
It U UnO\\rtam&t. ': ;'1i caries i iiio.v' .Malaria IIITTKUS., Indigrfttlon giver more, as well as the little gift. glory and reaches the most beauti- Indians; and instead! being nativeto
ISflV*uf&* *, Uver Uimplalui and Teurat'tw No matter how plain the table, let perfection of his nature. He writes the Georgia and Carolina region,


___________ __m______

where it was found rioting in luxuriance When I see our school boys stunting the use of HALL'S CATARRH CURE. I BENTON & UPSONtJAC

the botanists. sworn enemies of their growth and drying up their FRANK J. CHENEY.

every romance, identified it as a re brains with smoke; when I discover Sworn to before me and subscribedin
SONVIl1l1e, FfcA.,
cent immigrant (from China. A Carolinian that their very fingers are soaked in my presence, this 6th day of December

some century or so ago, had, alcohol and liquors, and that the boysare A. D. 1886.

it appeared, brought Home from a baited with beer and enticed into A. \". GLEASON, IRRIGATING

the far East root of saloons music and evil I' Public.
journey to a a by games company -* Notary

rose which had pleased him there, and ; when I am told of their degen. \ !
had planted it in his Carolina garden. eracy of scholarship, so that the per- {SEAL} MACHINERY

Flourishing beyond all belief, it escaped centage of girls who graduate and who '-v-' ,

took to the wayside, and even take honors is rapidly gaining on that Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter DOTII

to the woods, and presently became so of boys, it seems to me that I cannot nally and acts directly on the blood Steam and Horse Power.

widespread that the people themselvestook wait until the schools of my country and mucous surfaces of the system.

it for a native. There is probably focus their splendid' light upon the Send for testimonials, free.F. .

not on record a case of so sudden problem of prevention. It is a glorious J. CHENEY & CO.,'Toledo, O. Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

and complete a naturalization of a thing to go to the rescue of I&6-Sotd by Druggists, 75.

foreigner. And now the Cherokeerose wicked and ruined manhood with the r.- -- \Valve, Hose, Etc.

riots through almost the entire lifeboat of reform, but far more glori. Are you busy? Are you making money? WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

South and is especially at home in ous to build a light on the sunken If so, .stick. to it; you arc fortunate. If ----- -- .. -
you are not, then our adt'ice is that you
Florida. How it will cover a veranda reef, warning the unskilled voyager of write at once to B. F. Johnson & Co., STRAWBERRIES!
with a solid wall of branches and his danger.-Frances Willard. Richmond, Va. They can show you howto
foliage. And as for a wayside fence enter quickly upon a profitable work. The Lana r'1tL"IT11, Are 8caaen'
.... a t infect bloomer, earl-
that it the fence ------ -
happens to cover, Take a leaf of a tree or shrub, place very finn, thrifty yields(lama crop of good ,lie(
will presently disappear beneath it. over it a piece of white linen soakedin To keep ice in the sickroom over colored and I fine. "flavored t irrfe. and is the bet

crushed out of existence, while the spirits of niter, and insert between night set the pitcher on a newspaper, Mpi-er! known. For: t plums JUret,

rose branches replace it with an impenetrable the leaves of a heavy book with a sheetof gather up the end i, twist them tight, 1 L T. DOUISTEB,SU tnlsl

mass. And throughoutthe paper to receive the impression. and snap on a rubber band.CONSUMPTION. ---- --

winter or from Christmas to April, 'y the book aside for a few days, LI =1 i1 i 1i!
7L 3-S* a t
the great white roses cover the whole and then examine. The leaf will be *" to .*>I a;tf. o--*
with brilliant blooms. The leavesare :) C'l i s 1 1i
found devoid Color, which will have O'ii|
a bright glossy green on the upper been transferred to the paper in all SURELY CURED.To t. 3 ,1
side, but paler and duller beneath. THE KDITOII-Please inform your read. :J -a ; !
the original beauty of tint and outline
Probably the Chinese parents of the of the leaf. era that I !have n positive remedy for tho c I I.V :S iiI i :: :3-
above named disease. IJy its .
I timely .
use : =
tn rff
Cherokee rose would not recognize it -e thousands of honelesd. cases have been rw. r. :: ... SU
--- --
in its present American luxuriance. REOIPES. manentlv cured. I shall be glad to send& -- L oyii: -| ;s: |

Boston Transcript. two bottles of my remedy free to any of your en ..ej1Lc g'gvt< 'f.'f-.
readers who havo cou iuuption if they will f =. : a
HALSKD C.\lo-Two of
cups sugar =
send me their and office address. t- tSh2i o
The Ohlldren's Whiteboard. express pot _
nixed with of butter half
one a ? CQ
cup ; cup
Respectfully, T. A. Slocuni, :M.O.,
It can't be called a "blackboard," of raisins seeded and chopped; half cup A'o.183 Pearl Street,New York. ". J3.D
'" WI
of citron cut in small two t3 s
strip ejrjjsandone
!:!; ;
-- -- LJLu
because it isn't black but is \ ; 1
it designedto
and half bread
cuj a dough. Mix all zZ: 1sJ
take the place of one. thoroughly together and let it rains in Acme Hotel -

A blackboard, either at school or the pans before baking. e1e.a J

at home, is apt to make lots of dust SPANISH CUKAM.-One ounce of pela- European Plan.
AV>. Ill, If.: lull St., Jacksonville, Fla i i
and dirt, and some mothers, after one tine; three pints of milk, six eggs, eight cu ffl
I blesjKxnifulsofgUirar. Soak the gelatine Reopened with finely furnished aj>arttnentfl _
has been for the of chil
bought use ---
with clean nice beds lOc to $1
ono hour in the milk, then let it come to ? ,
dren at home, feel obliged to let them a boil; beat the yolks of the eggs with per[ day each iM non. Good dining room Geo. S. Hacker & Son
use it only at certain timeswhenthey the sugar! and stir in; let it Dimmer, takeoff in same block with moderato prirvn.
are not dressed clean: or when the lire and pour over it the whitesof u. L. CHADWICK.(
---- --- ----------
the nursery or playroom has not just the eggs, beaten to a froth; flavor with /?. w CDnMYi
radltfllltftdd. Kugtne fled/kid.
been swept and dusted. I lemon vanilla extract. ESTABLISHED l8I ..cfQ =

To make a "whiteboard: ," buy a.. OYSTER S.\L.\D.-Pnt three dozen large REDFIELD & SON, 00 a

large piece of sheet celluloid and tackit oysters; in a t stowpan: with a blade of Commission Merchants ..COg
I mace, salt, ipper p and a piece of butter, .D/
wrong side out, on a flat board just' bring to a boil and leave in the liquor to AND' .
the size. Celluloid large enough can cool. Chop fine gorse choice celery : s:
i _
be bought for about half a dollar. about the same quantity as the bulk of Fruit Auctioneers, CO I 0C

Artists' thumb tacks or nice gilt oysters, mix all together with one pint of 14 I Jhtftf titrrrt, l'l lMj,/if"l, J'U. -
salad: <<1 dressing and put in a bowl; set on We handle nil kind of Fruit and Vegetable*. + c.-
headed tacks can be used. the ice until ready to serve, and garnish either at private sate (which ban heretofore been 09O ". Oaau..wss.
Along the bottom of the board naila with lemon and vegetables.. our custom)or by the auction yMrm (recently Co
added to our business)as you may desire. .
hollowed piece to hold the crayons, COFFEE CAKE.-Sift one and a halfpints ---- ----
and put in one or two tacks to hold of flour with two teaspoonfuls| of E'lUIT 'ri EI S.
the little sponges and cloths used to baking {powder. Cut in bits a heapingtablesKxmful FORSOUTHERN And Building Material.CHARLESTON .

clean the lx>ard. Hang the spongesup ] of butter and mix it ORCHARDS.Write s. O.
through the flour. Stir in a cupful of
for Catalogue and price list.JENNINGS'
by a string run through them. -
Hvrup and then mix with cold coffee to
f Two screw eyes in the top of the the consistency of soft dough. Work 1'lw..uu"III NURSERY, n.... CO., :;
board will suffice to hang it up by. into the dough teaspoonful of ground
The "crayons" are heavy blue and cloves, one of cinnamon and one of allspice WM. SCHRAEDER, --
also half of seeded DRF.KDKR OK -
a pound
red pencils or thick black ones; these NO MORE CHEATING.
raiding: and half a i pound of currants well
make dustless marks and can: readilybe floured. Bake in oblong pans in a mod. GRADE JERSEYS. .
rubbed off the celluloid with a damp erate oven for an hour. This cake Consumers of Fruit Wrapper may
When should stand about two days before cut- now know that they pet nn homut ream
sponge. wiped dry with cloth Bulk, Cows and Heifer for sale. of -ISO sheets and not 400 or 320 sheet
the board is ready (for use again. ting. dealers
to ream as some unscrupulous
_A.. For a good picnic lemonade lemon 1VAVEItLFARM, Leon County, near
-- juice can be well sweetened and put in Tallahassee, Fla, I rannly.
Tho "Sun1 Cholera
Mixture. bottles, and when needed some delicious -- -- OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed
This prescription, famous for its efficacy will do the
spring water rest.
some years ago, has been repeatedly B. W. STONE &: CO, of 1000 Wrappers each, and are each put up Wrapper in package> is*

requested: STATE orOmo, CITY OF TOLEDO,. THOMASVILLE A guide to successful CA. numbered, in printing. consecutivelyfrom :
} J!
Take equal parts of tincture of( cayenne LUCAS COUNTY, j .L FREE commercial fruit 1 to 1000. No one can
." culture tho South of
tincture of opium, tincture of FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that -i ; plum..peacbt' Wholesaleand pear HONESTLY BEATour

rhubarb, essence of peppermint and he is the senior partner of the firm of! retail nurseries, Head
spirits of camphor. Mix well. Dose F. J. CHENEY & Co., doing businessin quarters BO substitutions for trees.; hence No agents DODO prices. Send for samples- and price

fifteen to thirty drops in a wine glass I the City of Toledo, County and chC4 tr._Send' for free catalog l lI'm' toIHE

of water, according to age and vio State aforesaid, and that said firm will INCUBATORS&BROODERS' JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO.,

lence of the attack. Repeat the of ONE HUNDRED N. J.
every pay sum Brooder only|5. Btt and eh*.p*.t for JERSEY CITY,
fifteen or twenty minutes until reliefis DOLLARS for each and every case taatlmonUU r.i tnd chick i.!*&0flmprminm
obtained. of CATARRH that cannot be cured by G.S.SntS Eft, Box 52S,tudln ton,0. wrappers.



-- ---- -- -

S. POWERS, Editor.P. Green Oranges. I I thing out of it. There is no doubt of
O. Address Lawtey, Fla.
A. H. MANVILLE. Staff Contributor. Our observation and intercoursewith its fertility; it produces corn; and when ]VIarr ets.

fruit dealers and commission they can work the acids out of it they

CONTENTS. merchants front all parts of the country will probably be able to make some

MABKETtMC-Indian -River Orange: Growers Ka( has taught us that, while they will money in muck.farming. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Oct. 20.

Double Cropping, Pineapple Fiber ...... .. 6Sj industriously work for consignments, This colony ought to teach our State FRUITS ANt VKGKTABLK3.

Wearing Out the Dieback Poison; The and advise to ship their authorities a valuable lesson, as show. These are art rage quotations. Extra choice
tweet Hot an (Abundance) Plum; Autumn growers tots fetch price*shore top quotation, while poor
Fertilizing for Fruit Sour t Stock: the oranges before they get their flavor or ing what one man has done, unaided lots sell lower.
Only Preventive of Foot Rot 684 and alone by little effort in Lemons,Fla, .II. ........ .... ..
FARMER AND Tat'CICEa-PuttIDg Soil in Fine color, there are but few of them whd a personal II Messina.. .... .... ...... 3S
Tilth: Fighting Cabbage Inr.cdLettuce; will purchase, and those in very small England. This English colony is Plneapples,crate...... ..,.... ...... J.SO
for Shipping Crop Plowing Under Pea Pears, Kieffer.... .o 4.00
Vines; Two-Hore Plowing; Keeping quantities; while later in the season worth more than forty shiploads of Potatoes, New York .... ..........U. 2.,,
Sweet Potato>> Vines. 685 when the have become the material that General Ledwith in barrel lots ....... ... 3.75
goods pleasantto Hebron,seed ............... 1oa,
Shade as a Fertilizer.;The Quality of Seeds;686 both the eye and the palate, it is would have us bring over here. ., 5-bbl. lots .......... ii85:
A Good Farmer ODlonl.yello'W.btil...... .. ........... 3.25
POULTRY-Cleaning the Poultry House;Turpentine no trouble at all to sell car lot after .. r ....
for Roup;The Ducks. at this Season car lot to these same people. It requires The Wastefulness of Corn. S ptdlahiarge, p"er, crate.... its
; Adult Fowls the Best Breeders 686 Sweet potatoes, .. ...... .............. .50
Oua AURAL HOUR-A Mother's>> Work; Flowers very little talent to find a reason To call our great national staple New York cabbage, each. .. ..,..... .10
for the Table; Spanish MOM: When for this of affairs and Beets,northern,per bbl ....'"....... 2.75
state we "Indian corn" is
a Womau Is Happy Right Kind of a Girl; not an inappropriate Turnips, northern ..... ..... .... 1.75
; know of .. .. .. ................
The Atr Potato; The Cherokee Rose. .. 687 no better argument againstthe designation, as it is really a crop for a Carrots per bbl.. 3.00
Parsnips, .. ...... .......... 2.75
The Children' Whiteboard.; The Sun Cholera 688 shipment of green fruit. seml barbarous civilization, as at pres. Celery .... .... .... .. .. .. ............ 60 to .73
Mixture;Recipes A bulletin issued bv theMaryland KM Plants.bbl. .... ... ... ......... 2.00
ITOaIAL-Favors Direct Shipment; Indian -- ent grown. ..------- --- .. -4 ---- Tomatoes. .. .. ...... ............... 1.50
River Growers; Green Oranges; An Eng An English Colony. Experiment station shows Squashes bbl. ..... ... ... ... ........ 1.25101.50
Huh Colony The Wastefulness of Corn; Cocoa nut*. .. .. .. ............. 4.50
Ruined by Destruction of Forests; Markets is station the by analysis that three fifths of the feed brand...... ............. 5 to.o6
; ; :.t.rkrlNotn..... .... .. ..... ... 6 4 I Killarney a on OrangeBelt value ot the corn stalk is in the husk Apples,New York bbl............... 3.73t04.00
Fruit Kzchange Bulletin; Oranges in the I Railroad, at the south end of Sweet Pepper peck................... .23 to .40
Storm Business Notices; Auction System and the stalk below the ear. Of this Grapes S.lbba.kcl. .. .......... .30
B .; 690 Lake Apopka, which is the seat of a three fifths little is .. Io-Ib" .... .... ...... .;5
flourishing English colony. It was extremely actually Guavas 3'peck box .... ... ..........
TUB VJXBVARI>Successful Grape Growing the; saved and fed to stock, so that even Okra, peck ..... ............... .:5 to .3. 5
Camphor.The Curacoa....Cordial.. .. .. ..;..Domesticating.. .. ...... .. (91 named, several years ago, by Colonel where the fodder is pulled at least Cow tin I, shelled peck.. ........... .50
Herbert an Irishman of a dis Green Beans,bushel .... ..... .... 2.50103.00
Grove in Florida Ma.cartney ,
an Orange ; half of the total feed value of the
Rose Hedges; A Difference; Valueof position, who found in its romantic POULTRY AND EGGS.
Irrigation 691 plant aside from the ear is lost. The
-- -. Btat i scenery a reminder of his native place. Hens.. .. .. .. ........................ 45
-- Bulletin makes the broad statement : Roosters..... ........... ............ .30
Woathor in Jaoksonvillo.e Until a few years ago it was occupied "There is Broilers.. .. .................. .... .20
---- ------r entirely by Americans of rather un enough digestible matter Turkeys, per pound ................ 16 to 16Hc
I S. I Ii.C .oDATE. produced by the corn fodder grown in Ducks. ...... ............... ........... .35 to .50
tie thrifty who planted a good ..... .. .. .. .... .
C 'E- ways, many Geese ......... .50
d w:! .. 0 .! ...,toGO a orange trees, but did not look after the Southern States to winter all the Eggs.scarce: ..,..................... .2*
GO a" x % -::
- them live stock exisiting in those States, if HAY, GRAIN, ETC.

Od Oct 10 .................. 70 74 84 6.4 20 74 0.00. .TOet About well.six Mr. Frank H. it were properly preserved :and pre. White corn, small lots.......................S 1.35
1 t. .... .74.613 68 70 79 67 70 9 68 74 2 years ago, pared in palatable form." Mixed corn, ............... ....... t.3)
u...... .... 0 70 836s 18114 3 31 \Villiams, an English gentleman, and \\'hiteoat", .. ...... ................. 1.83
Oct 0et13....... .. : 70 56 II 66 000 101 his wife made The farmer who raises a field of Mixedoats. '. ...... ......... ........1.7S
14. .59 70 77
a summer journey in No. small lots... .........
.... Hay I Timothy 20.00
Oct 1 1... .... .....57 59 61 66 72 14 51 53 II 20 6.4 62 a.0.00 00Od their carriage through this region and corn and merely snaps the ears is as Wheat bran, small lot...................... 19x10
wasteful Indian. Five of Ground fresh and oats sack
as an acres feed (corn ), per
Mean .... -. 61- -t were struck by its great natural advantages of 100 pounds...... ........................ 1.40
65 0,6. 77. 0 16.0\69.0 3.33t rice will produce much ten
-- for as grain as Feet) meal in sacks of 100 pounds, per ton. 23,00
Total rainfall.I orange growing. He madean acres of corn the straw is worth Rice flour per Cwt......................... .90
). T. PLANNKKY. Ol>server.; investment, and in due time went ; as Pure wheat per sack of impounds......... 1.40
.. much or more than the stover of the Prepared steam cooked cow (feed. per cwt .
--. -- home to England and brought out a and is in much handier formto I, Impound sacks........... ........-. .. ....-. 1.30
Remember that you can get that small colony. This has grown corn a Prepared steam cooked horse feed, per cwt,
slowly, save and feed. The greatest difficulty Iso-pound Hacks.. ....... ..... ...... 1.50
,. splendid magazine, the Cosmopolitan, and a few months ago the last American Pearl grits, per barrel...................... 3.15
and THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER pioneer is in getting the rice thrashed Pearl meal per barrel..... .. .. ............. 3.15
was bought out by
a new
and cleaned. But time and Flour best winter wheat, patent. .. ........ 4.50 '
together for $3.25 per year. comer, rendering the colony a solid popula Flour extra fancy family... ............. 4.25
English community. tion will bring mills. (Half barrels,either brand aye per barrel

Favors Direct Shipment.Mr. They now number about 100 souls, ... extra.Cotton)seed meal,bright per ton...... ..... 25.00

George Frost a wealthy Bostonian with a considerable predominance of Ruined by Destruotion of Forests. Dark ton or.. ..Sea. Island. .. .. ..cotton.. .. .. ..seed... None meal,in per market
who owns a fine at Alta. bachelors but Pure ground bone fine per ton .......... 30.00
grove I I including several families Saturday we took a ramble throughthe Bone and potash.per ton... ............. .. 33.00
monte Springs, publishes in the Agriculturist all of whom are said to be con Old Field once the pride German kainit, per ton .. .................. 17.00
his experience in groves, Land plaster. ........ .. .. .. ... ............... 10.00
shipping tented, and some of them very enthusiastic ol Ormond. From their present ap. Nitrate Soda jKc per pound; per ton....... SS.OO
by the Ethel wold. His prices were in their praises of Killarney.This pearance, with a few exceptions, we Muriate potash. :2)c( per pound; per ton.... 50.00
Sulphate potash 2C per pound;per ton..... 3.100
not quite so good as those received district, including Oakland, is believe it would be better to replantthe Sulphate potash, 90 per cent..... ............ 55.00

from contemporary shipments to New stated to have shipped 120,000 boxesof whole area in vineyards, peach or SEEDS, ETC.

York, but he believes thoroughly in oranges last season, and as the colonists pear orchards. In some cases it mightbe Peas, Conch. .. .... ...... ... ......,..... 3.73
direct shipment, and will try it again mostly sold at home they gen. profitable to cut back and start from .. Split.... .. .... ...._........ .. ........ 2.73
whenever he can get an opportunity. erally did well. This year buyers are the roots, rebudding the new growth, B Black-eyed ea n s..... Peas. .... new.... ..crop......bush................. 1.99 2.25
--.- not quite so plenty and they are them in addition to .. Lima...........,...................... 2.50
yet giving
Indian River Growers. fertilizing, I Pearl Cat Tail millet per pound............. 2oc
trying consignment, having; shipped an abundance of artesian water. The German or Golden millet per bushel...... 2.00
The first annual report of Mr. E. P. eleven carloads October Hungarian grass, per bushel................ 2.50
to Follansbee Star is oasis .
up 12. or grove an in Alfalfa Lucerne ......... JOe
Porcher, the General Agent of the Part of these were destined for Eng the midst of the desert, owing undoubtedly Johnson grass ......... 150
Indian River Orange Growers' Asso Gold seed rice (upland), per bushel.......... 2.00
land.The chiefly to irrigation and Genuine red rust proof o.ts ......... soc
ciation, which we find in the Titus colonists have wisely planted a constant care. It is from no lack White seed rice ". ......... 2:23
Florida aced .........
grown rye' :I.25
vine Star
is a document replete with considerable share of their groves in of care or expense that these grovesare Georgia rye. .. ......... 1.73

interest to all orange growers, and we Parson Brown and Hart's Late, thereby in their present condition. A large Texas rust proof oats ......... .60

make no apology for publishing it en getting the cream of the prices, the area was here cleared of its natural -- -

tire. The Indian River growers made early and the late. timber protection, a series of frosts Market Notes.

the same mistake that was committedby They are also getting a fine start in sapped the vitality of the trees; and With an addition of about 2,''S00') boxes

those of Riverside, California, in guavas, and one of their number thinksof the droughts following exhausted the for the lxu week, the Fruit Exchangehas
2 ghipped! ( in all about 0,000 boxes of
believing they could force buyers to establishing a factory for the manufacture soil of its moisture down to the coquina oranges to England. The third lot the

do certain things. They did not get of guava jelly and orange mar underlying, which prevented the last heard from, averaged 12s or about

the rough scotching which the Californians malade. trees from rallying. The groves to 3.00 per box.

received, but they got hard I But while they have done well with the westward, sloping down into the During, the pat week the Exchange
enough to teach them the eternal their also<>> handled about 1,000 boxes of lemons! ,
raps i which
groves, are mostly on lower hammocks, are in much better but most of them were of a quality
truth that it takes two to make a bir- I hammock have had little
or they condition.-Ormond
pine, Gazette. scaly, scabby or rusty, or all three to
gain. The profound politeness with success so far with the muck lands, on -sir gether.II. .

which their representatives were which vegetables and even rice do not An exchange it this and Harris & Co., of Hoe ton, have sold
treated the puts way, at auction Florida lemons :'J7Jc to 2.25
by ;
mighty Pennsylvania seem to be suited. They are not at puts it correctly, too: "We wouldn'ttrust
Railroad and other bodies shows all oranges, 1.25.
great however. There is
discouraged, a man near a henhouse who E. L. Goodsell, New York, Oct. 13: 500
the witchery there is in the name of plenty of capital in the colony;; and would order a newspaper stopped I, boxes Florida lemons, 75c to 3.25.)

Indian River, and will save any rebuffs with true English pluck they will take J through a postmaster when he is in P. Ituhlman & Co. nay: .Florida lemonsare

which they received from cold. hold of the muck with both hands and i arrears. It is a cowardly of arriving mostly in poor order, and
blooded orange dealers. whether I way refusing selling from 2.25 to 3.50, with some very
try they cannot some to pay an honest debt. poor stock even lower.

I: ,


One car of Louisiana oranges, received 12s. We propose to continue shippingto often wasted time and
last Tuesday, is a great disappointment, Liverpool! t so long as results will ju tif\.. Painter in trying to obtain
an the greater part are 2;1U( and 215 sizes, The next shipments! will leave Jacksonville Your I: of color, and has
but really no larger than double 00 boxes, Octolx r 18, 21, 27 and 21)); November even resorted to the use of
being slack packed l, and Jamaicas being-; 2, :5;, 0, 12, 10, 18, 23 and 20. ready mixed paints, the ingredients of which he knew nothing about, becauseof
HO much better in size! and quality, and For the information of j patrons desiringto the difficulty in making a shade of color with white lead. This waste can
withal cheaper, makes it really impossible i. send fruit for export> we will state thatno be avoided by the use of National Lead Company's
to move them. boor| stock i is wanted. We must have
The 1''ruitTrade Journal says: Florida fln t.cln158 fruit, and it must he well and Pure White Lead Tinting Colors.
oranges are arriving in better quantities, carefully packed. The best sizes for the

and prices' range from 2.00 to 2.50.: Florida English; market are 126 to 170. Do not These tints are a combination of perfectly pure colors put up in small cans
I lemons meet fair sales at about :IJ.OO send russets. and prepared so that one pound will tint 25 pounds of Strictly Pure White
to 3.75 for fancy, and 2.00 to 75 for fair Send shipments to the Exchange at Lead to the shade shown on the can. By this means you will have the
to good per box. Jar.k )m'nle. Mark the boxes on the best paint in the world, because made of the best materials-
The I'mtadeiphialiroccry World says: lower left hand comer of head 'For I Ex-
The tint car of Florida oranges. offered l|>ort." Send no lots less than twenty-live
at auction tins season in this city were Ijoxes. Strictly Pure White Lead
sold Uibt Monday by Edward Roberta foraccount
ol the Florida Fruit Exchange, have sold such a small quantity of and pure colors. Insist on having one of the brands of white lead that are
among price ranged which from were 1.05 some to Indian 1.75 l per river box, oranges! so far in our domestic markets up standard, manufactured by the Old Dutch" process, and known to be

fruIt. Florida lemons at the tame bale to date, and as the fruit, with few exceptions -- strictly pure :
was very green, results were but "ANCHOR" (Cincinnati) RED SEAL (St. Louis)
brought relatively higher figures at VH)
I' ECKSTEIN" (Cincinnati) KENTUCKY Louisville
hence we do not llnd ourselves ina )
cts. to :t.&) |>er box. poor[ ; SOUTHERN (St. Louis and Chicago) ATLANTIC". "(New York)
CINcu xATI-Jamaiea, G.OO barrel; Ho- position that would justify us in emoting COLLIER (St. Louis) 'JEWETT (New York)

di, :3.00 to 4.00; Florida, 50 to 3.00. prices, but as we now have considerable These brands of Strictly Pure White Lead and National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead
CHICAGO-Receipts from Florida are fruit enroute to various markets we Tinting Colors are for sale by the most reliable dealers in paints everywhere.If .
increasing, but block is continuing toarrh'tj hoe| by next i issue to bo able to furnish you are going to paint, it will pay you to send to us for a book containing Informa-
results of actual sales. tion that may save you many a dollar; it will only cost you a postal card to do so.
rather green. Florida choice
75 to :3.00; Louisiana 2.00 to 75: ripel! We are now receiving, some encouragement NATIONAL LEAD CO.
4.00 to 4.50 Two car loads of Florida to start shipments regularly: ,and we ,
believe that all good( fruit that is well colored I Droadway, New York.
oranges were i bold at auction on'l..llIe __ ._ ._
will realize fair C- --- ---- -- -- -
day, bringing 1 1.75 to :50; per box.ST. prices.!
Loi'is-Jx>uisiana oilcrings toogreen BREED'S UNIVERSAL WEEDER.
in tho Storm.
and not selling; Florida quiet at Oranges
25 to 2.60 per box; Mexican at 4.00 JH.T The storm of October 10 was most severe I \fill Take Out and Wl'f'dlI.Loosen the I.Noll.In Crops Increased. Ask Your Dealer For It

box; Itodi at 4.2beer] box for Ills-size. on the east, coast although Orlando Labor Decreased' M. Lam....,Welah| ,..;*. -I
list ami recommends*I by fc... ...d.. ... .f l/Blttm'
Ixmions Mussina I and Palermo 7"
we quote reports a damage; of 15 to :20( per cent and WrvJcrt.Mj..... .It.
at from :3.50:; to 4.00 per box for common Kustis!" 2. J per cent. At City Point, closeto 1 Jw; : ). F:. PYWKS, I'tl It I Rnt Park. .Ltli.llli.t .1 mBC IMnp u.MfttM.....
) to 4.50 to (0.00 for choice and fancy; the coat t. the damage is placed at 25:>> J L. ARMSTRONG, St. Nicholas. I 1!II I Uodt at (0 j to 0.50 i per box; Florida at 75 per cent. at the lowest, and at Kissimmco J. E: ST.tNNAitI), Wl'lnJm. -r. The Unlrenal Wr 'drr Co.,
to 3.50 |per box, repacked.OMAHA the Leader fays: "Fears are entertained ..11 rarlip.Nal--I f''rnlar.' SKgA HOSTOX, MASH.Business .
4k fur there have not been that a large part of the orange crop is ..

any new oranges; on this market, though blown off or damaged so that the fruit Notices.II. roots. The principle. of the disk harrow
some are exi ected to arrive before very I will drop off." The Oviedo Chronicle .
is correct for certain
it makes the
long. There are still a few sizes of California estimates the loss there at 5 to 10 percent J. HAKEK & HRO.) -Attention is ; uses
finest harrow known and in the
Mediterranean. sweets to be had, and adds: "By the time the elements called 1 to the advertisement of Wilson & Morganit .
which bring 3,25 to 3.50. get in a few more whacks at the Toomer, of Jacksonville, Flu. They have has attained, pcrha| s, its highest form.

orange: crop may be the overproductionfiend just been appointed| State agents for II. 5.s
Fruit Exchange Bulletin. will IMS willing to give us a rest! for J. Baker & llro.'s high grade hone fertilisers. Tho Auction System Boat.
the season." I These are among the best! known IMitor Parmerand Fruit Grower
JACKSONVILLE, Oct. 17.-Heretofore we The Florida Fruit Exchange; ollicers and most reliable sold in this State; II.J. In addition to our old and usual! method
have issued our first bulletin of the sea.bon place the damage for the east coast at 40 Baker & Hro. were among" the drat; coin- of handling Florida oranges, we have
about Nov. 1st. We considered! thi) ? I per cent and for the entire crop of the panic to make and sell: a social orange i added l the auction system, thus giving;.
early enough for all puqioses' ) but owing.: State at 2 to 3 per cent.A tree fertilizer, and the high standard of our flhiPI'>>l'n4 the option of having( theirJ.1'oc1
to the fact that K> much fruit is now on letter from tho Florida party that these good has always been maintained.In II in the old way or by the auction
the move, and as we are receiving so many went to Louisiana to pack oranges, pulp :addition to these special manures" they system (which, no doubt in our
anxious! requests for information, we have ished in the Orlando Reporter, says: will also carry a full stock of blood and; mind",is! the coining system), and which
decided to commence our bulletin two 'Fifty thousand dollars damage was done bone, sulphate of potash, pure ground i is looked after (personally the same as if
weeks ahead of the usual time. to the grove we are working in, nearly hone, tobacco stem! nitrate of soda, cottonseed they were .sold in the usual way, and tho
LEMONS.It every tree was broken down and there meal and all fertilizer- material- : I sales are held in our own store, and being -
were alxnit, :35,000:; or 40.000 boxes of Mr. Wilson needs no Introduction to the ; under our own supervision! we feel
is now generally well known that ol".lnJ.'lhlown to the ground. So we will Florida trade, as he has been travelingin that if you want your goods sold at auc-
lemons have been a drag.: on the marketduring pull for home in a day or two, as the the fertilizing business in the State for tion that: you cannot do better than by
the entire summer and prices have oranges are not fit to pack, and there are the last four }CU'S. Sir Toomer the placing them in our hands fly the auction -
been disomiragingly low; this is stock]partlyto few on the trees, and those that are on vice-president and general manager of system!' the rate of commission Is
the heavy: supply of foreign and are no good." tho Alabama: Coal Co., of Jacksonville! !, is lower, J goods are sold promptly upon arrival -
partly to the scarcity of money. Wehoi well known in business circle Theollice (each brand upon| its own merits)
>cd two weeks ago that have by this time LIVEIU-OOL, October) 7.-We confirmour :and warehouse: of the firm will IK at the and remitted f for( at once. The sale is a
a favorable change would occurred, l last respects, and now have the foot of Hogan street! Jacksonville' Fla., public record, nn.ln catalogue with the
but we regret to announce' that, up to pleasure to advise i you that at yesterday'sauction and they solicit correspondence for anything number of boxes! sold, the mark of each
date, prices show but little improvement. we offered the first arrival this in their line. lot and price of every l box Hint as sold,
Lint of,strikingly l fancy lemons sell fairly season of Florida oranges consisting of MR. GOOIMRLL'B) STEA3IER.-As stated in immediately mailed to the shipper, thus
well, from 2.00 to 2.80, according to size, 2fH< boxes of brights ex Teutonic (from his advertisement, the popular pupjwrt relieving your mind of any doubt as to
etc., the fair to common grades g go; all the New York), and .sold as follows: 130-170 was not forthcoming: warrant the dis whether! you Jr.t what your fruit brought
way from:50c. to 1.75. On the whole, we size. 11-Gd. to 15-el.{) ; 100.220: size 11-Gd. patch of a steamer with oranges from or not, as is sometimes the impression
must' acknowledge, that we fear the outlook to 13: -od.) ; 252 size, ll-ld.) according to Fernandina, November I, and he will when goodi are sold at a low figure. Fora
for lemons! not encouraging., Quarantine condition and color, the shipment averaging now concentrate all his, efforts upon! the long time we were reluctant about adding .
restrictions have practically shut U-2d. per box. The parcel showedup 1 one advertised! to sail November 15. ; this feature to our business, but being
out further receipts of foreign, lemons in splendid order although rather Whether it i is better to ship via New tho Philadelphia agents, f for( the California
and this should have advanced prospects pale in color and some of the sampleswere York or direct to England we do not pretend ( Fruit Tnion, who sell all fruits at
for Florida, hut So far there is no marked spotUtl with green. Tho competition to (decide; but one thing i is certain auction and wishing! to have the business

change among our buyers was very keen, -the English market: must he develojied. under our own supervi ion and care,
OKAxOES. which augurs well for future arrivals, and Thereare hundreds of thousands of acres we were forced to take out a regular auctioneer's
Since early in September oranges have now that this fruit has become so popular in Florida which are practically useless I license, and having handledover
been going, forward 1, the volume increasing we look forward! to a steady demand except for orange-growing.; : Florida'sdestiny fiftv cars of fruit in this way, carefully -
I all the time; of course, this fruit was throughout the season. The second con is largely wrapped up in this l pursuit watching the results, which) have
very green; much of it will never color, signment 200 boxes arrived this mornIng The United States will not con. been very satisfactory to l otli the shinIKsrsand -
as it was too immature. This fruit has 1 per CampanIa, and will be put on the sume all the J product; in a few years it the buyers,we feel free to admit
been selling from 75cto 1,50Ier box. We market without loss of time. cannot. Therefore this question: of direct thaf we can now see many advantages by
doubt if the n"ernlwin eXl'\"l'tll.OO i per L. COM MOLLY fc Co. shipment or via New York ought to be I selling at auction, and take J pleasure in
box gross. The bulletin accompanying, the above settled and settled now; ami the great offering our Services to ship serf, not only
At present shipments are allowing better letter shows that the fruit came from the growers, to whom a hundred boxes of oranges as commission II1l'rchanlJUt fruit auctioneers
eolor, and we hope for better! results. Heauclerc .grove; from Hury & Anderson, is no more than a five-dollar bill is feeling; that we have made no
We have had but two or three I'01allMI of Mandarin; and from C. F. A. Hielby, I to an ordinary man, ought to see to it mistake in adding this feature to our
in the United: Suites so far; nearlyall of Del-ami The prices ranged from 15VUd. I that it i is settled. business: and that you may be benefited.
the green fruit we have received was to lls. &1. Condition had more in- THE SPAIHNO HARROW.-The Morgan KEDFIKLD & Sox.
for export: to Liverpool, to which I pointwe tluence in fixing the price than izt'. Thus, Spading Harrow, advertised 1 on the last Philadelphia Pa. .. .
have shipped about 5.000 boxes. The the highest price was received for 176 page" of the cover, seems to remove the (
first sale occurred October 6, and averaged in first-class condition; and the lowest last objection to the disk harrow by The Clyde Line have been compelledby
13s. The sale, October 11. aver- for 150s (a few 20(8)) in third-class condi rounding off the edges; of the blades,rendering the increase of business to increase
ab I.148, and the third sale, October\. 16, tion.. them l less liable to lacerate the tree their service to three steamers! per week.




: Vines should be cultivated very, shallow I eter does not show lower than twenty

lJ. 1e Vineyard. and, a plow[ should never be tsed.}, degrees F. is fitted for the growth of

..._ Some growers do about. all, thei/ cultivating the plant. A large number of trees

..... Edited by E. DUBOIS Iallaha ..',...,.....flu.'-""...,..."",.. with! a hoe, which is, very expensive were raised by the United States Department

Successful ahd, unnecessary. I do not of, Agriculture in 1877 from
use a hoe at all, but do 'all my cultivating seed sent from South Carolina, where

Hdker Farmer and Fruit Grower with a horse. I find the New trees are growing. Plants obtained

After ten years' 'successful grape South Cultivator'' the best'
implement I from this seed were sent into the
growing in Florida I offer a few'dots, have ever used for this ando : '
purpose, Southern States mainly) as ornamental 1.
hoping the same' may be of value t I the only one that will entirely obviate or shade trees. It was found that. i it

our many new beginners in this prom the use of'the hoe. answered well shade tree
as a
ising industry. It, is hot intentionto
my After testing about hundred
,, one in Florida, though not much
write a lengthy article, giving de varieties, I, would plant yeS and was expected of, i it in the way of pro.
tails for preparing and rooting cuttings,, Niagara for market Norton Shortest
an .Cyn. ducing camphor as a commercial pro. U Quickest.
setting and pruning vines, etc., as the thiana for wine. T. K. G Dl1EV. duct. ,
directions given for this work in otherStates
Waldo., Interest in the of
growing camphortrees
Will apply to Florida. It i is our .. Most
has recently been stimulated by Attractive
peculiar soil and climate with whichwe Tho Curacoa Cordial,
the great increase in the price of gum
have to deal which than
more The insignificant island in the camphor. This advance was caused

anything failure of the else novice.decide the SUccess'or Caribbean Sea which gives its nameto by the quantities of the article which' ROUTEFlorida .

the celebrated orange or lime''cordial have been used, in the manufacture of BETWEEN -
Cuttings planted here in rich
very is a notable'instance of a cdhlmu- smokeless powder, and also by the increased

soil,or stimulated by fertilizer, makinga pity, under the most adverse circumstances demand from makers of cel Points and the North.. .
soft, growth from fifteen to
spongy making a name nd otrle luloid goods both in this country and THE

twenty-five feet!o= long the' first season, money withal by doing one thing and in Europe. Before the introductionof

such as select the inexperienced are nearly doing that one thing well. It is celluloid goods about all the uses Florida Central and,
sure to on account of their fine
almost a desert and it has to which
yet a population camphor was put were the
are absolutely worthless.
appearance of to the of and fur
129 rnile. clothing
square goods
But cuttings in soil and Peninsular
fairly good
put :
Fannie B. Ward, the noted traveler, from the 'depredations) of moths, and
making a of well
growth dense
says of it in a late letter in medicine but
: long, ; now large quantitiesof VIA
ripened wood, from three to six feet
narrow island, which is about forty the'commodity are used in celluloid LIKE
long, are better adapted to Florida CITY MACON
miles one way and from six to ten manufacture and the production of i ,
than Northern vines and
are sure to miles across, is really nothing but a smokeless powder.-Scientific Ameri
give better results. My[ latest test i in coral reef AND ITILNNTLNashville
topped by two stone can.
green '
this line was begun five with I ,.. ,
years ago ridges, connected by a limestone dyke ----- .- -IV-"
800 Ives vines. Four hundred
were a mile: and a half thick with
Northern grown, 200 from Prof. Dubois precipitous bluffs, and occasional If you feel weak St. Louis and Chicago.

200 of my own growing. Therewas ragged and all worn out takdBROWN'S With but one change of sleepers, connects
peaks its
indicating volcanic
origin. also at Atlanta for NEW YOUK and<< KANSAS
no perceptible difference( in size The scanty soil that covers the rock IRON BITTERS CITY. Tho Florida< and of the has nearly '7U)miles of track
general appearance three is dry and calcareous with .. runnln&'throulI'btho ,
no trees or -
lots, that the Florida vines -- Tobrtfco 7ffioiiflVirmffif,
except other ,
were much the best rooted, which i is vegetation\ speak of except Nerve A. Blood 1iI'H'k / / wad I)< lry fiefttott,
such as is grown\ in 'made earth.' 1'u l titraiclwry Landnttnnn *,
always the case. These vines have Jru'f'f'. "\ find I'tnntjtplf' Country
"Besides, notwithstand the barren. TonicI Builder PI.a_pttnlf "f" '. r

received, and the the same Florida treatment vines are throughout now ness of the soil and the scarcity of J.ff Ha the Other.'tUr,-,'.,,.,.Sprintami,, ...,.,,,,.,.,,_

50 water, there is no mean amount of The Irrnt llitntlHff CoentrU.Itrnehethe.lotrl .
per cent better than the others.I done J.'.. .,,.,, (7roaaela.Ilan .
transporting in
have no vines for sale. ; mainly salt, at tho beat land for tillajro \ variety
the rate ol three hundred thousand of soils in tho State,and above Ali
Grapes succeed best here on flat
I barrels per annum, cochineal (twenty Runs over the Central Rldgoland
woods land underlaid with clay sub thousand Whore It Is High and Healthy. '
pounds thereabouts
soil from two to three feet from the a : lens for Prosperous towns fill its routoand It offers
surface free from year), indigo, sugar and tobacco and descriptive the teat freight facilities for any produce to
hardpan or (quick the famous aromatic cordial called pamphlet tho Northern markets. Send for the popular
sand. Those planted on deep, sandy eonlr-
land have done but little or no good. Curacoa, which ha given the island + ,Dr. WILLIAMS "MY FLORIDA HOME."

its name-manufactured from orange floe. ,, MEDICINE CO., with Its spirited words and beautiful music
And I will say to those looking for a box. descriptive of an actual Florida Home and
cinnamon per
cloves and N.Y,
wildsugar.cane Schenectady,
which is gotten up In elegant stylo-Six
location for vineyard that f pares
they can rum." U for 3.30.; aDJ Brock'111c,Ont. : of full sized best music paper>> ,containing also
find in this section thousands of acres ... I a itlctureof a homo In Florida and a hnntlnir

of the best grape land in the State at Domesticating -Camphor---- Trees For--Old jaYoung.Tott'e scene stamps It to is pay mailed expense>> on of receipt distribution.t of I0centaln.)) ( ,
in ; ,
about $10 per acre. Send also for the best man of Florida(sent
free)and note the towns on Its route. '
Stakes are better than a trellis for the United States. .IIii.r Pill act sa TulmAly.n the A.O. MACDONELL.U.P A.,
skald, k..aoUeate f.aal. er l.flr8I
supporting vines in Florida, as this Although the camphor tree is a na .14 aff..'ea spot.'. the v!(.ro.s.... Jacksonville, Fla.,om

system afiords the fruit better protec tiveof China, Japan and Formosa, the The Florida Central

tion against sun and rain, a very im authorities of f the United Stdte De. &

portant item here, besides I lesseningthe partment of Agriculture state that it Touts PillsR1sai Peninsular R. R Co.

cost of care and cultivation. has been a subject of distribution by : I S ; '"J

Where vines are trained to stakes I the department for nearly thirty years. Offers, to Shippers

find 6x8 a good distance for planting; It is a very ornamental plant> and has tens to the weak temaeb, stow.a The Shortest and Quietest Route

this pern\its the wagon to be driven been used to some extent as a shade kidney and bladder .Torgsms these BETWEEN. I

through one way, which'is' very convenient tree. The trees thus distributed are wonderful) their atrengtli.nliiegnslttluare causing them to erform FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS I3ST4

for distributing stakes and grown from seeds, the plants being their f uuctiona as la yeutk.oIa THE EAST AND WEST.With .

fertilizer, gathering fruit, etc. raised in the nurseries of the depart -I o EverywhereOfie Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-

The same mistake is often made in ment. The camphor tree flourishes *, HO,to 144 WaitOflffton & ., .. I, handle pany is tho better Orange equipped and Vegetable 1 than ever ever, to

growing the vines after setting. in in perfection in some of the Southern, -- -....... -- --- ... insure close connections and prompt Crops despatch and
vineyard that is made with the States to all Eastern and Western .Markets.
cuttings especially along: the Gulfcoasts.

in the nursery, that is, too much It grows rapidly from the Save Your Qranps Through oars to destination with-

stimulation. While nearly all of our seed, and the Department of Agriculture out change or delay.
Perishable freight followed by wire and
soil, suitable for grapes, requires some has frequently received seeds' By the new process (patented) for present .hlpirs advised tlmo passing various, Juno-
fertilizing in order to make grape- from this source which, when sown ina o..aeIn- their natural condition for months. tion points and arrival at destination.
All claims
This be for overcharges and loss promptly -
can done at
growing a success, yet the vines garden border, as a common gardenpea oranges now in perfect very condition cost put up we in have November ad jus ted.

should not be forced into an unnatural is sown, rapidly and form ,'8>;rtfer to Officials,Pasco Co. for panic* See that your goods ore markedvia
vegetate ulan and sale of rights. Address .
Jkf. B.WM
VK *
growth simply because our cli. plants from eighteen inches to two) & Co., f;t.Leo, Pas o, Fla.,or Dade City, Pasco F.C.&pR.R.;

mate will admit of such a thing; but feet in' height the first seas'on.Vhite Co., Fla. dersl For ned information call on or address the un..'
the object should be to produce a':''the' camphor tree flourishes best 'in'1 -- 0. E. TUCK ,Trav. A'jrt, Ocala, Fla

growth of dense, well ripened wood.I warm climates it will stand twenty BOWUNQGEEHJJ9EMY I W.. 31 II.. Jlnr4rJ Eli.S,'Tra\OeD.". A.f."t.Jet.Orlando.Leeaburi.Via.FlaG .

In fact, a vine should make no more degrees of frost without being injured B.wUag Cr#*..VrCp.BS t fcrt.7th. Thoroef h W. It FU 14 LU.: -Trav. A'Jr'&* Tampa Via 'fOr
< .. ,N,S. PKNNINOTO.V, Traffic )Ianal'prJ&klOnvlUet ,
in'Florida'than tr&iatM.aacqnalUd *nl>rveora,
growth in NeW' York. and'any locality where the thermom abeoJat.e freedom from had .,.to ee.W. 'er awKe.yldrsi/....Mart M.A.V..rVa. I W. II. PLEASANT3,General l'refbtrAt


__ .' ,_ _-- -. "'IIE.FLO: }RIDA.FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER.' 692
Starting an Orange; Grove in make sure of securing a muck bed "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To .

Florida.In that can be drained easily. Then thereis R L INCUBATOR

this region the best ground for leaf-mold, which in some places is And Brooder Combined. -' insure'must be insertion Accompanied in this by column the money.advertisements *

oranges is hardwood hammock land. found six inches deep; also marl and 4c Ca M.tamplWIJlbrtDl Jusu *ad l Wick JOG cf Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.

Here the soil' is sandy, of chocolate the !shell mounds, which make an excellent .hu4nda. trtiftcUl or i iMU fctttUflf ciiU .1 by U i GMae.aM Postage Count Stamps every word received,including in and address.FOR .

color, covered with a thick layer of fertilizer. Mulching is of still ....i...Uabl.n....ep.ntd.1ft"fed" .no of bat t d\U'aW.\ m. p,,? -- -

leaf mould, and so rich that it requiresno greater importance on such land; pine rid a.Ua A).II.anhl" I... ..penfteIIdec1,. Dree4u- t.c4 c.., .,. SALK. Drkder's OK KXCHAltGK-One spaaing Harrow aUo Double-one

fertilizing. On such land, i if good straw, leaves, grass and even brus.. ; .O.ltWJ....;..rrL...... Avety Duuile-llorse o-lncn Due Harrow, both
... tu guard order and good a. new, U. U. Keep
healthy three-yearold trees are planted, are used for this purpose, but the best I uoarduian, FU. lo-ai-at

a good crop is realized in about eight and cheapest material is saw palmetto, JlATCH. CHICXENS BY STEAM FOR CUTAWAY- -HARROW prices- address K.

years from the time of planting.The which is very abundant in most localities I IIII"ro. 4 Eicelslor Incubator llubburd, Federal t'uint ilia.,tate Agent.

principal expense with ham and can easily be cut with an axe I Ioati.g.Bia"u.. Thoa.d..andii&V.R In raeoperation. 10-ai-ll .

mock is the clearing, which or brush hook. Speci l fertilizers ee.lul OOATSA ISLAND I'OULTKY YARDS! Black Lang-
tad to hAtch a largo p rol slums. Iliac Minorca4 and White Leg burn
costs from fifty to one hundred dole should be applied about three times a oea\&p cost tha ferWe fxs other at tock tot sale,Kggsfioo per .3. Agents bur atuith
lars acre. The original timber year, in February, May and July. Ctr..Iw est. Utcher. IAWM priori fie Roiuam'Uouru Beet and bone h,r poultry;I i.ia
per wad at.{bt -- 0 Me U.1aI4.. per yvpouuu tack. C. 11.Jacques, fernauUtua,
consists mainly of hickories, live and They are generally put on before .. tns .Cuabeea eD1Pt: .II. T AtlL.q.ta.y,ilL Fla. lo-ai-jt
---- ----
other oaks, magnolias, and cabbage plowing, the first year one_ pound per FLORIDA HOMK3 KKR-PubIished at Avon

palm; while the undergrowth is com tree each time, the second year \two the model coluuy oi ooutu Honda tf
oInl y 50 cents year O. M.Crosby, publuner.
posed of grape vines, various shrubs, pounds, the third four pounds, and soon ---- -- .
' and saw palmetto. It is the latterwe A tree in full bearing requiresfrom I OOR: old SALK fronting-io lake acres and;3 acres bordering in grove town, 7 year put.

have most to contend with, as the ten to twenty pounds, according i'rlce 'J.lur particulars address 11.,friUgcraid,

ground is fairly interwoven with its to its,size. To bearing trees it shouldbe PUMP.An Fla. ___-._ __ __ __. Io-I.\
f'OR. SALK-Finest Langshans, Indian and Kxhibitiuu .
while the fruits
roots. The first work to be done in applied only are ,. Games. JOHN l'OWKUucua.: FU.fiOn .

clearing is to cut down the under. yet small and never later than June. other Improvement methods of pumping on all -_. ,- 10-1.-4t-- -

growth, placing the larger timber on Taking all considerations into account. ,, 11 aa four time the capacity dOO NOONAN Strawberry I'lanta for

top. When the brush is dry enough, ; yellow pine land is to be preferred ,if acting of tbe to-called double Costa I'UUUY,jWw Lawley, sale FU., 41.50 per thouMibd 10-14-41 K.

(fire is set to it; this burns up all the one intends to make his home near ;r' less,weighs pumps.less, wears --

small sticks, and admits of getting at the grove but if profit be the only I l: .longer Is toally' BKUWN, GUURNS-The most prolific lay

the larger logs, which are then piled : object in locating an orange grove, operated and will notfrceie.Allattachmenta. t ou-stittrL bpleudid block longer from bet, Uxtretuely imported ktraius.hardy.

' up in turn and burned also. The I hammock land will prove the better \ of the best material. guy Warranted uuuncc Strictly with per Pure.feet saicty.Eggs II for Circular 13,snipped tree.

palmetto and other roots are then investment.-American Agriculturist. Adapted to hand K. 1'UUDY Lawtey, fU. 10-7-41

grubbed out and burned, after which Fend for windmill power. or Kveryanteed steam DON'T; -WA8TK- AtuNIY buying tree that

the land is plowed-very shallow Macartney Rose Hedges. l.'rcu.. pump iuar.1ua. bear m Florida,but buy KuffcrGaiber.
Kditor Farmer and Fruit Grower : for auuths. Mikado, and Sand Fears that will bear
generally with one horse or mule anda atrenlhdurubUUyandcapacltl' AUCAUIA NUU KKIK>>, Mouticclio, 1"". 9joStPFCANb
As an old subscriber I take the liberty : .
I -- - -- -
light turn plow. The ground is '. No charge if
-Kibera Pecan Grove and Pecan Nur-
inform '
of hen
asking to me not as represented.Our .
then staked oil for the trees. Twenty. you J kery. TLiu shell l' cau.. Oue year old
AERATOR water and
to put in cuttings of the .:Macartneyrose ( Pump pumps ream I'recs. AHTIIUK ISKOWN' lava 4 IfciguadU. ,
five feet each way is the usual dis air at the same time I ) .
for ?' And shall I Tho Stimmel & hook \ Co.
a hedge Mfg.
tance but for the Tangerine and .. put -- --- ---
them,] where the Hedge is to stand or Turner* Illinois. A PEW HUNDRKD extra fine,branched Kieffer
which smaller
Mandarin trees, are and LeConte Fear Trees left; order early.
otherwise? AKCAUIA NuaaKHifcs, ,) *U.
growth, twenty feet each way is suffi :r-- Moutictllo 9-jo-jt
- ---
As I to hedge a acre
cient. The most economical way propose 40 M1U1CH Orange and Grape Fruit Trees for sale.
is the which grove, that is of some importance to w All leading vanities; win liiruuha lull line
however quincunx plan
ui Deciduous trees;packing guaranteed nut-class
brings the rows twenty-one feet seven me. m every particular catalogue biter October 1st.
FU. ? ., J. W. AMU F. 1). WAITK. AtagnulU Nurseries,
inches apart, and the trees twentyfivefeet Jw uclieviewi FU.
We will endeavor tQ pu l tisb an article ... o-aj-m
for -- -- -- -
in the The
rows. spot plant
on this subject .next week. FOR SALK-,38 acres on beautiful lake; a acres
ing the tree is prepared by another grove 5 years old, cheap. A. 1'. LAMB,
grubbing out of all the roots for a A Difference.f j plasticity.Having Huntiugton. FU. 9'2Jt
---- -- --
space eight feet in diameter and eight We met two growers in town the I y. THIS It Till SHASON to feed ANIMAL MKAC.
inches The trees then been proved indispensable in a good wire bring a good price. You can't get
deep. are other day, both on a somewhat similar fence, our competitors are drawing on their them without Anin..l Meal. It is splendid for
planted the same depth they i young stuck and moultlug hens. '>> per sack
errand. One had paid all his store Imagination for supply. We have a simple test,
i which will than all of too pounds f. o. b. PaU.ka. K. V.. AMSDSX,
that has
stood in the the prove ours more
nursery rows; bills with eggs and was trying to get others combined. urmoud, Fla.f'OR .

fibrous roots have to be well spread with the merchant to let him have cash for PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, SALK or exchange one four-year-old bull!,

fine soil worked between them. It is what he had brought in more Mich. Durham half Jersey;aid one bull calf,
eggs ---
half Jersey,from a four-gallon cow. CIIAS. W.
upon the proper care bestowed on this than he had traded out; while the CAMPBELL, bas,.Ocala: Maiion Co 943-101
work that the success of the orange merchant was trying to get the other
FOR AlK-WiJd turkey thoroughly dome-
grove depends. A mulch of pine one to pay him a little cash.on :store Will She'' J -, SAMPLE J. hVAWS ficolata. 9--tt
straw is helpful to keep the soil Bushel of SHtLLER
very bill of This had
nearly $300. grower Corn _300in SHKLL: POND NlRSURY.-Satsuma Orange
damp. The ground around the trees been "frozen out" and thought hens, .1 minutes ifJ ,the ha idlest in the world on five)' .r.
should be to old trifoliata stocks; wilt bear in one or two
ridged partly steadythe
up, cows and sheep a nuisance, moreover AGENTS years. JAS. P. DBpABs, Lake City Florida.

roots, and also tc hold water. he thought farming did not pay.. The BEST SHHL Wanted. 9316C a

These ridges are removed after about other farmer had been "frozen out," Sheller r B Ask your HOICK FLORIDA SHKD; RYK.-Our own
: Merchant growing hence: we can guarantee Ked as
four months when the is
ground too; said he had got through depend Intheworldfh Rglgjf* Fond, for genuine Florida Rye. We win handle no
plowed shallow and level around the ing on oranges alone, or running into All Ma- !:jli& v$ yi B. circular seed rye Sample sent on application. Supply
chines B list limited. Price f. o. b. i peck li.oo; I tnuhcior
trees. The grove should be plowed debt, and that he had things so are ranted.warW&4'WVBM 5 price cents. more, {}.o0 per bushel. Lash with order. Ad.
four times and least dress F.XCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Florida
a at two
year, ranged that in spite of frost\ or drouthhe GARRY IRON ROOFING CO., 9atfWANTHD

hoeings around the trees should begiven was sure of a good living. He I Solo Manufacturers and Ownors.Clovoland,O. -. 1
tenant to Strawberries
-A grow on
J ; in addition to this, the ground thought farming was about the surest I With this paper one year, $4.25.:) Address "Strawbtrriev," care of
should be harrowed or cultivated I FARMER AND FRUIT Gap *a, Lawtey, Fla.
and. safest business
a common man TTLORIDA'S advantages for mall investments
the oftener the better. While like himself could into. r see "Real Estate Journal," Arcadia Fls.i i ORANGK GROWERS : I am agent for the
get $i.oo per year: sample with state map 10 cents I e liter n ade and a Fertiliaer
the trees are young it is a good planto 4'>3-ran; I Distributor that will pay for itself in one season

sow cowpeas between them for Valuo of Irrf atlon PR SALB-Improved Laogshan fowls and : Wide 8. 16t for prices, etc. C. A, Boons Orlando, FU.

plowing under. The center lands Crops raised by irrigation were etnr*. Indian Game fowls and egg., Mam -
moth I' kln ducks and McNeil Peas. MRS.
eggs 00 -fn be made
may be planted with sweet potatoesfor awarded separate medals at the World's WM. II. )MANN' Mannviile, FU. 9-30-41 $75. .. tU $5.MON H

the first yearthis; clears the ground Fair, says the Irrigation Age. They working for. D. P.JOHNSON' & Co., Richmond Va.

well of roots. have decided that it would be very FOR SALK and-Parson other Citrus Brown Fruit Orange Trees, ;Carney all on j0R--UK-Double Carriage and DoubleSetSilver

Most of the Florida orange grovesarc unfair to allow any products of the sour stock, trained to stake. J. II. TUKNLXT' Mounted Harness. W. H. powxas,
Lake Weir, Fla., Excelsior Nurseries. 7-aa-tat Lawtey, VIa. 8-ra-tf
on yellow pine land. This costs soil raised under the natural rainfallto L __ --.--
PIG KONS-Bought,sold and exchanged NUWSHRIKS. D. L. Pierson, Monti-
less clear in SUMMIT
to and be with FANCY
considerably judged competition
pro for what you want. Stamp for reply Fla. Large Stock of fine trees; low
lighter is worked easier; but as most ducts raised under irrigation, It was LLOYD__ GgANT Lady Lake Fla 7-aS-sat price Special terms for early orders. Drop
__ r postal for new list. ti"s-tot
of it is poor it requires heavy and often apparent that in a general competitionall ANIMAL MEAL makes hens Write to K. I .

expensive manuring. The home resources the awards must go to the productsof mien.Ormoud. Fla.. for information.WELL LOUISIANA Ct'D1aaant GRASsa-rparpalum paltare P''platllt4u'eCi for tlJoridar'

for fertilizers consist of muck irrigation. They were superior in flGfl'Y All "-'.. Waf.r.Ca.on. Cuttings at SI.25 a herrel f. o. b. W.H. l'owsas.
with lime stable and It L LMA I 'Ii.lag,Dltd/1 y,h+ursg. Lawtey, Pla. 6-44-101
composted manure, quality quantity. was simply ..4ItH.'HHtllef IeI'-. Ao. will
poultry droppings, etc. Any one foolish to compare them with the N t...... ,Ss.Jbr _,.'. ,.../ 'ORSALItforts foreash.timeortisdeorange,
,soot( .j grvie Th'Amcricta Wall Works,Aorora,!!!. fruit and timber lands. It. RUMLET, Keuka,
choosing this kind of land should crops of the rain belt. also Chicagc, III; Dallas. Tex.; Sydney, N. S. W. Pla. .1.1116&u4'

---- -..



The South is dependent solely its
upon Farming and
Manufacturing interests for prosperity. Now, don't you,
a Southern planter, consider it your duty to patronize
Manufacturers, everything being equal ?

The manufacturers of ATLANTA PLOWS
to MAKE -
equal. "
..... J. ';; '(. ,
t,. 61'" '. .


-' :;. ., POINTS.
Atlanta Blacl Land Plovvs., .,, .:_.:.




/ "'".




I :



SAVANNAH LINE.Time Clyde_Steamship Co.

53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and --- -
between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours. ,


t O -

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both. ways :
PO..OItO, 1Rcats t From New York. From Jacksonville,

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, 5.60; Intermediate $iq.oo; Excursion, '430S0iSteeral'e. ; Tuesday(Pier 39 dept K. R.a6th) at 3 pm..SHUNOLH.STRAMKR .. ......Sunda Oct. Florida.isLat oooam

913.50. Friday. Sept 19th, at 3 pm ..........ClutKOKHH..Thunkla1, Oct. sth! ,at l.30pm:
Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $27.00; Intermediate $n.oo j.lbcunlonS47.3oIi: < ; Steerage, $14.7 S Tuesday, Oct. 3d, at 3 pm..ALGONQUIN..Sunday.. Oct. 8lh. at lJOpmI'riday :
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed,'to sail as follows: Oct. 5th, at 3 m."SEMINOLH" ....... Thursday Oct. 12th. at 6: oam
Tuesday, Oct. tot h, at Oct. Sao: a m
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Friday Oct. ijth, at 3 pm. .... .."ALGONQUIN"..... .... Thursday, Oct 19th.a' lIJOa: m
....... ........
Central Meridian Tuesday, Oct. 17th at 3 pm. "SRMI1iOLR" Sunday, Oct. ud, at IJO: pmflriday.
( or 9IP Time.lcity ]
Oct. aoth, at 3 pm..CJlHKOKHH. .Thurxlay Oct. a6th at <:: oam
of Birmingham ..u..........................................Wednesday, Noy ist, II.30a.m Tuead.y. Oct. 24th. at 3 pm ."ALGONQUIN... Oct Kth. at 33o: a m
Nacoochre .... ........................................ ..... .............. Friday Nov. jd 1.30 pmT way, Oct. athat 3 pm.... .. "SKMINOLK" .... Thursday, Nor 2d 1. at 11:00: a III
.lUtMssf.f>.......... ................................. ..... .......... Saturday Nov 4th 2.30p.m Tuesday Oct. 3i tat 3 pm .... .... "CUKROKKK" .... ..Sunday, Nov i. opmST.
City of AuRimt... .............................................. ....Monday, Nor 6th, 4.30 p.m .- -
Chattahourliee ...... ......................... ................... Wednesday,NOT 8th, 5.30 p.m I
Kansas City............................................................ Friday, Nov loth. 6.30a.ra JOHNS RIVER LINE.For .
City of Illrnilngham.$ ................... ... .............. ..........Saturday,*Nov nth 6.00p.ra
:Naroorlirn. ... ... ............................u........ ......... .....Monday, Nor I3th, 800 p.m Sanford and Intermediate
TaUaha.M*........ ...........?................................. ....Wednesday NOT isth, to.ooa.m Enterprise Points on
City of Augusta;. ... ..................................................Friday, Nor 17th, 12.00 n'n
Chattahoorhet..... .............................................. ...Saturday, Nov 18th, ixnp.m the St. Johns River.
Kansas CI t7................?..........................................1tlonday. Nov Goth, 2.30p.m
City of lUnnitiKhaui ............... ........... .............. ...Wednesday, NOY ltd, 4.00 p.m Steamers are appointed to sail as follows:
Nacoorlire. .......... .u..U..........uN..... ..u.N..w..Friday, Nov 4th, 6.00 a.m E ..
Tallahassee. . ................ ......... .......... ....Saturday, Nov 5th, 7.09 p.m erj lo.cle,99
City of Augusta .... ................. .._......... . ....MondayNov ajth, 8.00pm Capt. W. A. SHAW.
Chattahoochre ........... ............ ............................Wednesday, Nor Myth io.ooa.m From Jacksonville-Tuesdays and aalurdays at 5.00 p.m.; retumiu&.ltan Sanford Thursdaysand
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Mondays at 5.00 a.m. ,

CltyofMacon ................... ....... .. ........ .............Thurlday.NOY 2d.IJ.3OP.m I '-Velnlcn,99:
(late Cltr......................... .... ... . ..... ....Thursday, Nov 9th 6.oop.m I Prom Jacksonville-Mondays and Thursdays at 5 p.m.; returning, leave Sanford Wednesdaysand
CltyofMacon .... .... ....................... .... .............Thursday, Nov i6th 10.30 a.m Saturdays at 5 a.m.
Gain City.... ... ..................... .. .................. ......... .Thursday.Nov 13d 1. 4.jop.m M
City of :Maron...... .............................................. ..Thursday, Nov joth 10.30a.m General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jaoksonville
SI. It. CLYIIK, Assistant Traffic Manager 3 Bowling Green New York.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.This TIIKO. T. KClKIt Traffic Manager, s Bowling Green. New York.
( Ship does NOT' Carry Passengers.) 1\. J. COLE:, Pa. enger Agent. 5 Bowling Green, New York.F. .

I)essoujr. ................... ...... ....... .. ..........................Friday.Nor jd 1.30 p.m M. IllONMONOKll. Jr., Florida asaenger Agent 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Ft*.
Dessoug............................ .......... .......... ........... Monday, Nov 13th, 8.30 a.m JOHN I.. IIO" \JU), Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla.
IeasouK........................... .... .. ....._... ......... .. .......Thursday, Nor 3th, 4.JOp.m J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Laura Street. Jacksonville, Fla.l .
P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
MonthWM.. Agents,
THESE PALACE l iv "' .. A...en". ... rhllariolphla. A Howling Green New. York.
Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to tht -
Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. JOHN L. MARVIN J. P. TALIAFERRO
Through Ticket and Bins of Lading issued to principal points North. Hast and Northwest via President. Vice-President. E
information and apply to
Savannah. For rooms
J. P. nKCKWlTM Sol. Agent W. II LUCAS. Fla. Pass. Agent, H. T. BAYA. THOS. W. CONRAD,
7t West Bay Street Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville Cashier. Assistant Cashier. _,
R. I.. WALKER Agent C. O.ANDERSON Agent CAPITAL $100,000.
New Her No. 35. North River, New York. City Exchange Building, SannnaL. Oa.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf Boston.W. '
L. JAM ItS. Agent i| S.Third Street Philadelphia. THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK
J. 1). HA8HAGKN, Eastern Agent SaY., Fla. k Western Ry. Co., a6i Broadway. N. Y.
A. l5eW. SAMPSON, General Agent W. K. ARNOLD Gen. Tra. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville. Pla ,
Washington sU, Boston. W. H. RIIKTT. General Agent, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
For Tkkets apply to S_.P. & W. Railway office. 317 Broadway. New York. ,
Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and GeneralB

Dandy Garden Plow. nkin Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
____ ,


John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin,
Jas. P. Tallaferro, T. W. Roby Judge R. B. Archibald,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.

w. A. nouns. KSTAIIL1HIIKI 1875. J. D. BOURS.


Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,

&:"vEs.r IL&Y 14'r.. .,
We Handle Only the Best and.Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

{ Hay, Corn Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat Grits, Meal

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.


Tijgert-JUlen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA,

44'W Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH
This Plow is constnicUnl almost entirely of iron; is very strong, durable and yet ,

light, weighing only 22 pounds The high wheel makes it of very light draft. GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH
The use of this implement makes gardening pleasant and profitable. With it a
man can do a man's work and half the work of a horse. We furnish with thisnlow Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT Etc
a sweep and a turn bo"cl as well as the bull tongue shown in the cut. Man- ,

ufacturer'i price, $5.00. Price with the paper, $4.75, or given as a premium for five Thee FERTILIZER.Fertilizer hare superior in the market and a trial will cooTincc.

new subscril rs. Send for Catalogue free.





F .


.:;=- _n __ ____ ------___


Itt4 it Owing JfBxwMiWe to lack of enough support from tho Florida oranjro growers and shippers< I To the shippers who desire to end\ their fruit to England via New York, I offer to ship'
| to dispatch| a steamer England November let, only having about 10,000 in tho
fastest It nmerl8n,1Irh'0 tho best attention in Kngland on the follow.aj terms:
text |I(1ge(l. Tho only *t amer I shall send this fIl'ftSOIl. therefore, will leave Fenianfow -
d. on November li i, and unless the growers of Florida oranges will pledgo a sufficient A charge of 70 cents from Jacksonville to England,tho shipper to stand selling charges
HmtM of tKIN tiy Oetober:Uti) I shall sen d l 1110 direct steamer to England this year. commissions,eta, which are incurred l In Kngland.
I have given the growers nafBclent' time to makeup the cargo to go November 1st and I wish it distinctly understood. l that I do not advise shipping to England via New York
tfee f..M."Ire live J entirely at their I d. but make this I offer as I understand I there are some growers who wish I to send their fruit in
I, perwHialiy, I noor a great deal I'of expense I in sending those steamers,and I cannot afford I this way. I will advance a*>ccntalH.'r box on fruit shipped to England via New: York on rrte.hertsr -
a rtwmt r unless a full ettrgo is pledged long enough before the nailing date of tho ceipt of the fruit In.New York. .
sicvKHer. to warrant the undertaking.T I much regret tho failure of the growers" to support the shipping! of the cargo November
\ th M*) who Nice i4dffd+ + fruit to go November let, I would my that I shall consider 1st,and hope that there will be no difficulty suturing the cargo for the vessel to tall
that tiny will ship their fruit November Utli, unless otherwise advised. November 15th.r
_, 4 .


A Prize of $$5OOO Cash to Florida Orange: Growers

iIEIIRUY otrer llrir.o of ffiO.U! ) cosh, competition! open to all Florida I orange shippers
I who send their oranges via I my DIICKCT STi\Miii: : TO 1:1(7I..t 11). to leave the proceeds of the sale, without interest+! ;and I will also advance and pay tho local freight.& _
Y. Fereandlna, Flu, about Noveral 13th. This prize will be awarded' to the My charge for handling and selling' tho fruit is US cent per box. This charge together
Mt-tttJ-e-r whoso fruit I* |mek) *d thu boat, most careful and lands in England. in tho best conditte with the local freight charge, will be the KNTIUK: COST thus enabling the shipper to figure
N and Mte for the highest net average results, the judge and decision to be governed exactly tho price of marketing his fruit in Kuropo.Shippers .
wh Hy by the serer J. which nexessarlly will be tho highest for the best fruit in oho best condi of 100 boxes and over will have the proceeds of tho sale of their fruit In their
tion. hands three days after tho sale in Kngland..
The STBAMHIl which I shall engage in this PCrvice for this season will bo the best for Tho tlmo Is when
the purpose obtainable. come Florida must look for other markets than tho United States,
and as a decision must be arrived at whether or not tho orange growers of Florida will
TilE LOADING which of the utmost Importance will be under my personal supervis port mo in affording an outlet for their fruit, I ask each shipper interested in tho sup
ion ami en arrival Kngland. the fruit will lie handled and sold in the subject
best European fruit extending: market to write
me,advising+ if I can depend on him either for the whole
Bta-rlwt(Liverpool| ) by the imwt oxj erienced and well known fruit auctioneer part of his crop. This proJoct deserves the support of all Florida shippers. or
To those desiring it, I will make an advance of 65 cents per box, to bo deducted from Yours very truly '


15 I.. GOODSKLL 't
OCALIFORNIA& SPANISH FRUITS 10fJ I- ciit.Jc 1.--10'-0, Tow Yorlc City. 9O
g 13 1 niipot Lane, c about Address for the present all letters to New York. My Jacksonville office will ho open *l"2 I
Lavnovlx''v.: C furnished at lowest 1st prico.jtJiTS Stencils. will be furnished on application, llox material and paler 2' 04 VT. Bay 81.JACKSONVILLE.

3 wwwwwwwlRwwAwwwMwlSw/Aww/, 4C and ilotitf ir.lJVrtit.tlr antra. ftrry thlrj'tn'j' point to oHelt bu.lnr" for Mir, both for 'FLA. 4

.--- ------ -'---- -- ----, w;' -- -. -n"'I\I\IVY\"ftlV\Aftft- .- .. .. ,. .. .. .. .. ., P' nJ'J_
--- -
Lorenzo A. Wilson. W. Q. Toomer. -- -

WILSON & TOOMER USE ONLY tlanufactured FERTILIZER by the [.

(SttvtoH. : '-l'e"11N. o L.L B. Darling Fertilizer Co.,,



Special Orange Tree Manure. 0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville:, Fla.

L Fruit and Vine Manure, Send for Pocket Sfemoranda Hook.No. 8 Hoiitwl+ Illock, Corner Hay anil.Main Streets
--- --
Tomato Manure, TH I E-, -- -

.. A A Ammoniated Super-Phosphate
;. p
Pure Ground Bone. Morgan Spading Harrow.



Also Dealers In f

Blood and Bone, Sulphate of Potash .

Tobacco Stems, Nitrate of Soda, Cottonseed

Meal, Canada Hardwood Ashes, and all .

Fertilizer Materials r

I ,
"',.f. THEJ ,
ct&rmJ-enilen'c eeHoitcd, and price! and circular bent on RPJl ootion. -- --- -

QD Furrows: ; Qo l!{idges.SEND .

\ ... I -----.---- -----
4"\.U; a1t": rr' te1< Ira C1.11 Ui1ouvtuilod f!! -
... ... _. <<;.

BENJ. H. BRADT General ', .
Foot of Hogan St., Jacksonville, pla. I'$ -- Agent'.,", : J>J:
A s n- ,-, w.