Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
September 15, 1892
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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Ivy 1869

I1A n t ifl& ( ) FARMERS ALLIANCE%.


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Proprietors. Vol. IV, No. 37

BLAKE &AGENTS RIPLEY, New Peaches Names Wanted Prizes Offered i I Geo. S. Hacker & Son,



Price Catalogues of weekly sales fnrnlshec supply of Nursery Stock of all kinds Is larger than ever. before, I 4I
on application._ and includes all the Standard Sorts and many Valuable New: Introduc- ;
O.W.BARNETT. J. H.BARNETT tions. Correspondence solicited from all who are in want of
BROS. new illustrated catalogue for season of 1892-93 free on application. Address, 0c
BARNETT AGENTS G. L. TABER, Glen St. Mary, Fla.tASTItGS' o -:

final CATAlkOGUE
Wholesale! Commission, Fruits and Vegetables. ..

Prompt return stencil 1S9 south on water applicaum**T o t,rttlc-a o i Will be ready for distribution about August 15th. It contains And Building Meterial.CHARLESTON .

PALMER,SUCCESSORS RIVENBURG TO & CO., Valuable Instructions for the Gardeners of Florida and other parts of the SouthIt S. C.

Q. S. PALMER, contains 40 pages and is well illustrated. It will be sent to each one of our

166 Meade Street,New York. customers of past years, and to anyone on application.SEND BENTON & UPSON
Oranges Lemons, Pineapples, and all other tJACIcSONlhILkLkE FuA
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, H. G. HASTINGS I &, CO., ,
All consignments promptly remitted for. Stencils SEEDSMEN AND FLORISTS, INTERLACHEN, FLA
and market reports furnished free. IRRIGATING
References: Bradstreets,and established mer-
chants and banks of the South. 1888-1892. .



GENERAL In Successful Use Since 1888in
Steam and Horse Power.

COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. Orange Groves and Vegetable Gardens in size from six acres. to one

218 King Street,Chattanooga,Tenn. hundred and seventy-five acres.
Consignments Solicited.
I have perfected, and tested by use, an arrangement of light steel Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass
THE tubes as a substitute for the perishable hose.JAMES.
Valve, Hose, Etc.

JVetr, Rare and Elegant Plants of livery Montverde, Fla. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for Southern
lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plants I : For rare as well as old Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Plants and Trees.
for the greenhouse or conservatory. tC tit g Shrubbery, Vines, Palms,Ferns,Aquatics,Pineapples, Bamboos,etc.,etc.
ORANGE AND LEMON TREESin 1 1 Stock safely shipped everywhere. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write
all the leading varieties,budded from bearing Nurseries established 1883.
trees on our own true grounds to name.and guaranteed 0 Send stamp for new and full catalogue which tells all about this subject. for Catalogue and price list.

All the New and Desirable Tropical REASONElt BROS., Oneco, Fla. JENNINGS' NURSERY CO.,
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive Thoniaxvllle Ga.
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and
is sent free to applicants. AddressR. NURSERIES OF THE SPIRAL
D. HOYT, Manager SPIZIj'1G

. Seven Oaks Fla. Milwaukee FID ida Df4&qge CD.Select Il, GRAZING NOZZLE.

strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood. Allows cows and horses to graze and prevents
for sale at all times. browsing. Price,$'.25 at factory,post paid f I.SO.
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For The S. B. Hubbard Company, Jacksonville,Fla.,
;4lJt agent for the State.'
: Catalogue and Price-list address

A. L.. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. M. S. MOREMEN,
Trade Mark.
HOLLIS'CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY GENUINE 1 IptLE: Switzerland 7-28-6mo Florida. "
Will Make Hens Lay!
--- --
Will Make Chickens Grow I BLACK and PORTO RICO
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. .Six days earllet than
07 varlets tted at tbAgrlcnnl
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully E_. Ground
cooked ground fine seasoned and hermetically PINEAPPLE SLIPS at greenlan Gt nrra.white N.Y. Dip Color
sealed in 8-lb. cans. Being ground fine it can D. T. Valentine tender, sweet and do-
Imported by Kingston, Jamaica. Large llrloiu. The only,gripe
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as to
that ranks Drat both hi
give each fowl an equal share. Price 30 cents slips for ,September delivery at reduced prices. Address, tach earllneu Tine and sealed quality with

per can; >'3.00 per dozen. Address IIOLLIS JOHN B. BEACH our registered trademark -
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North, Agent, f ,'I''k''t label. Send for
|{rcuur ivinK iurti. r Information. Agents wanted
Boston,Mass. (Mention paper.] :NIeIbo"1.1r1e: F lclL. Vtdreu STEPktU* HOYT* .o\ Canaan,CV

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USE 'i':
l. A


To destroy the insects infesting the Orange Trees. It is



can be made for the purpose. It will kill the insects without injuring the trees.

Spraying Outfits in great variety at Manufacturers' prices. Bangor, Pine and Gum Orange Boxsides.Dry 1

Pine Box-heads. Dressed and Square-cut Birch and Mixed Hoops.

I Orange Wraps, Ladders, Clippers, Nails, Etc.
Send :for Circulars and Price ist.t .

I E. BEAN, Jacksonvile, Fla. '. :'


w r
a.: R 0 (Lt. SECTICIDE) .

Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy fbi the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a: month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the

fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered. -

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

', o McMASTER & MILLER, San Mated and Citra, Fla.SAVANNAH .



o ''r ,0 >$I. THE -?. FLORIDA -+- DISPATCH -?- LINE .i[$


The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

"'*The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., F.&W. Ry.between Jacksonville,
Gainesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore.: The best: clipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. ,

Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections::

Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge .and. Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Baiabridge,Tesap
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Callahan .
Dally fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and and Live Oak.
Coast points, including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships"of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35. North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and Saturday.
Mondays, Wednesdays Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Sept. i,8, 15,22 and
Two connections a week for Baltimore via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation. Company, 29 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections!! for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah Sept. From Philadelphia; via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia Sept.4, :4,24 every tea days
i,8. IS.22 and'9. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.Connections .
for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday,
Sept.!g. 19 ana 29th. making close connection with S.,F. &W.Ry.,for all points in Florida.
Sailing days for Steamships are subject change without notice.
ahe Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils?and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to ""31. P. IIAKDlrill, Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
C. D. OWENS, ,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. :F. It.PAPY,Asst. TrafliOIanaj;er, Savannah, Ga. W. 31. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Afft.,Jacksonville, Via
J. JORDAN Trav. Agent. Qulncy. ,* "J J. E. DnA T'TOS', Trav. Agent,Jacks invllle.. .

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SEFi'EMBER; 15, 1892. F$2.OO PER YEAR!
$2.00 PER YEAR _

I "

I The Exchange should do as all change should do five times the present i Thus the commission merchant, so

J'4arr' etirlg. great corporations and merchants do business with no very large addi- styled, does business largely upon the .

tion its clerical force. capital of the orange grower. He
in.,these days. Send out its representatives to .
" Commercd. sells at. auction prices, consequently
and com- sales have run
to the orange growers The gross orange up
t and Fruit-Grower: the commission puts him just ten percent
Editor Farmer
Valuable information and the
with them.
notes to about$6,060,000 per crop,
. The commercial side of the Florid;; pare ahead of the purchasers at auc-
would thus be obtained, old fogy rate of eight and ten per
is rather chaotic, Ishmaelitic, tion. This is unjust to the general
orange the system perfected and large additions cent. is unreasonable and oppressive.But .
itself not trade. All-should be on a and
a house divided against ; is par
result. this trade cut
new patrons so long as great
hostile, but not united for the bes that par should be on the floor of the
The directors and officers of the up among thousands of consignees,
I auction
of all its members. room.
good the entire Exchange should be in cordial touch the old rates will continue. Hence .
About seven-eighths of the THE AUCTION SYSTEM. -
of concentrating
whose the necessity
with the orange growers,
crop is blindly shipped by grower friendship as welT as confidence they business into one great channel. Thisis For many years Mediterranean

and purchasing agents without. any;] must secure. Visitors to the office' for the orange growers themselves. fruit has all been sold at auction. For

intelligent system. cordial to do. several years all California green fruit
must have prompt reception,
The Florida Fruit Exchange was, their difference in has been sold with satisfaction in {the
greeting and ready attention to If there is any real
established eight years ago expectingto I For Florida
this same way. eight years
matters. favor.of the consignment system,
control and as as "
regulate possible far the have
: so as growers
reduction I believe oranges
three cent. ,
convinced of the
the shipment of the orange crop, I am firmly neces per permitted, have

so that the few been sold at auc. '

great Northern __ tion latterly, I be-
cities selected as lievewithout

auction cen t res z -r .plaint; and as the

could I be ,kept andy
years go
evenly full with. :. the amount increases

out sudden shocksof the result "

over suppply :;: ; will be more and '.
and consequent

slaughter, t h.u s ,.... 1'z'. p I _': .. more I have satisfactory.often look-
leaving prices sub ?" #?-? :' e don the cata-
only to the great
R of
'a o g u e report
laws of supply and
.. ', sales and found a
-.. "
demand.Its : .: ; ;:' :
"\" .7 '. ., ''t', remarkable equality -
object was ;t. of prices paid

not so much to ;x y j ; for like descrip-
create a great financial :._'. ?'. tions of fruit. .
: :'
institution ,: .. "
: The auction -
57 system
as to unite the ,. ;
of in my opin-
mass orange ion, will be found
into i
growers '
,, ; the best way to
general receivingand '
'4 5 handle the orange -
shipping agency }'i crop after it leaves \
the fruit to
go Flori.da. The fruitis
; .
to the places selected i .
V classified and divided
by the ?
agency ;
into lots of
; be sold at auction
ten to
and the proceeds
boxes to suit pur.
returned to
chasers and sellson
the Exchange to
r its merits. Buyers
be distributed to
are keen judges -
growers. of and
The Exchangeis quality,

based sound fully appreciate
business princi-
ples. It is doing its work well, sc sity of a great general agency ;n Florida would fully make it up. The orange rich fruit, attractively put up, and they ;

far as I know, and makes prompt one able to handle a large pro- growers would then gravitate to the bid accordingly.Let .

and honest returns to its patrons. portion of its orange crop, and unless Exchange and the commission merchants me advise those who are uncertain

But, for some reason, althoughits the Exchange rises to such a proportion who are mostly jobbers, in of their consignees or have none,to

business has increased in eight of the business, it will have to be whose business the orange is but one ship through the Exchange. They will

0 from 60,000 to 380,000 boxes, reorganized or suspended.I of many kinds of fruit they deal in; be sure of getting all that their fruit nets,
Us percentage of the entire crop remains am a friend to the Exchange and would go to the daily auctions, as and the returns will in all probabilitybe .4

the same, only io or n percent believe it has possibilities for good. I they now do for most of their other fully as much as from a commission

So far then it has entirely failedin have given up unexceptionable commission stock in trade. merchant ;

its purpose of controlling the disposition merchants for it, and for two In the present order, the commission Here is a bit of experience. Last

of the crop.It seasons it has served me well. merchant being generally a job March I received a soliciting letter i

ber sells the to from a reliable house in Newark, N.
is not strange that in its years of COMMISSION RATES. mostly consignment <
inexperience mistakes were made and The Exchange was wise in reducingthe himself at current rates, as indicatedby J. I concluded to try it parallel with j

some} of its early patrons dropped out, commission rate from io to 8 percent the auctions. He credits the shipper the Exchange, and shipped forty "

but now it i is in successful working It would be a dynamite blast' charges freight, cartage and ten boxes to each. The returns came .1

order; and these lost patrons should be to the consignment system to reduceit per cent. He then jobs off the fruit, promptly, when lo! the Exchange was #

brought in again, as think they couldbe. to five per cent, adjusting proportionately collects the money, and at his leisure eighteen cents per box ahead.L. .

.with the auctioneers. The Ex- sends his check to the shipper. H. ARMSTRONG. -,





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Selling on the Trees. If it can be done in those States it certainly catch it. The most profitable orangesto ,The tank is so arranged that a supplyof
Editor Farmer and Fi nit-Grower: can in Florida, if the growers so grow in future, under suitable water water is in reserve under a pressureof
As the orange growers of Floridaare will it. There is already a fair per protection, will evidently be those that sixty pounds to the square inch,
an alleged intelligent class of men, centage of the crop sold on the trees can wait on our pleasure by preservingtheir and always available in case of fire,
it would seem that after reading the of f. o. b., and the average prices obtained flavor: and juices longest while for house and sanitary purposes when
communication of "Pioneer" in last for these is unquestionablymuch hanging on the trees. the pump is not in use. The tank is
,week's FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, better than that returned by any A certain toughness of peel, so far absolutely air tight, and the open secret -
they need have no diffiulty in decidinghow other method of selling. from being a defect, is one of the most of maintaining the pressure to
to dispose of the orange crop. I The present season is very favorableto desirable traits; for the finest flavored force the water entirely out of the tankis
.. have preached the doctrine of selling largely increasing this percentage. fruit in the world is practically worth- :by a simple arrangement on the sue
at home for the past five years, and The crop is comparatively small. less if it is unable to endure the ordealof tion pipe to introduce air to the tank
what is more to the point, have prac- Other fruits are not so plenty as usual. hauling and carriage. This is why with the water, and when a sufficient
ticed Jhe same with entirely satisfactory Let the orange growers skip the adviceof many imported kinds are more profitable supply of air has been introduced,which
results. interested commission concerns, to grow in Florida than some of should fill about one-fourth of the tank
All growers admit that some change whether at home or abroad, fix a reasonable -: our most superbly flavored seedlings, space, the air valve is closed and the
must be made in the manner of marketing price upon their fruit accord- because the former have been selected pressure. of water pumped into the ,
o the crop. Unions have. been ing to quality and location, take no and propagated for years with special tank required. The air being elastic,
formed, conventions without number promises to pay. but get cash enough reference to their capacity for standing has he demonstrated that by:the above
have been held, the Home Market has when the bargain is made to make it transportation.It arrangement the elasticity of the air
talked the growers blind, the Fruit sure a sale is really made, and they is one of Florida's strong points. under a pressure of 100 pounds to the
Exchange has howled loud and long will have made a long stride in placing of superiority in orange-growing over i square inch will equal a column of
for a million boxes; still the returns i the industry on a permanent and the tropics, that a considerable part of water 200 feet high, and at 60 pounds
come back, "two postage stamps for paying basis. A. F. STYLES.Oak her orange belt is nearly .as far northas pressure 120 feet high. With such an
three hundred boxes." Few will deny Bluff Grove.Jacksonville.Fla., Sep.6.Croce citrus fruits can be grown at all, arrangement the tank need not be elevated -
that if even a majority decide that the thus giving her oranges character as thereby saving considerable expense -
grove Is the only place to sell, the and Orchard. well as sweetness. and it can be located wherever
problem will be solved. Wheneverthis Now, in view of the facts above desired. Mr. Francis' tank is locatedover
method is proposed, s\,me one is Latitude in Culture. submitted, we beg to suggest to our a quarter of a mile from his house, /
always ready to cry out, suppose nobody Orange brethren of the State press that it is but with a pressure gauge attached to
t' comes to buy? Well, suppose It is well understood by Floridiansthat quite possible for them to overdo and the supply pipe at the sink he can see
they don't, which is worse, to let the first-class, fruit may be produced make ridiculous the violent outcry the amount of pressure on his tank by
oranges fall and rot without cost, or almost all over the State, even in I about "green oranges," which gener- simply looking at the gauge.
r go to the expense of picking, packing Columbia county and along the Gulf. ally greets the early shipments. None This description, as related to me
and boxing, and then, get two postage coast as far west as Pensacola. It is but a fool or a knave ever ships really by the Captain in his genial and descriptive -
stamps for three hundred boxes? And also a generally accepted belief that immature oranges. Both these classesof manner, has been very inter-
this is not an isolated case, but one out the best specimens of any given fruit, men are not within the pale of news- esting, hence I reproduce it for the
of hundreds, where the cost of boxes other things being equal, are produced paper influence. It it quite possiblethat benefit of those contemplating irriga-
and-gathering has.been added to the nearest the northern limit of the belt the first shipments we hear of this tion for their) groves. Capt. Fogg although -
value of the oranges and all lost. adapted to that fruit. In February, fall may be made by men who thor- a very modest gentleman,
... It is not at all probable that as many 1884, at the State Fair in Jacksonville, oughly know what they are about, would give any further information re
oranges would be left to rot as are out of seventeen premiums awardedfor who have something to sell that is ripe squired with pleasure. v H..
now thrown away by shipping to irresponsible citrus fruits, the oranges from St. and as good as it ever will be. Altamonte Springs.Bordeaux r
commission houses. The Johns river, near the northern limit of > < Mixture for Pear Blight.J. .
advantages of selling at the grove are the orange belt, look nine, and that in A Novelty in Irrigation Plants. H. Stearns said before the Michigan .
so many and so great that nearly all competition with the choicest productsof Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower Horticultural Seciety havean
admit their force. At the present Hillsborough county and Indian Capt. N. H. Fogg, of Altomante orchard of 1,000 trees, most of
time there are but few growers-("may river. Last winter, even though it Springs, one of the most successful which are twelve years old, and it has
their tribe increase") who by careful was an "off" year, fruit from the same been cultivated
'study and painstaking labor produceas region was sold in not a few instancesat orange culturists in Orange county, is that time every portion year of
during except a
good oranges as can be made. $5 a box It was the oranges from devoting part of his time to the sub- it,that was left in grass for two yearsas
The growers have been told, and Mandarin and other towns on the I ject of irrigation for orange groves and an experiment, which was very un-
have told each; other, for so' long a river that did more than anything elseto truck farming. He has had in operation satisfactory. The past season I had ;
time, that the Florida orange is the create in England a good impression three irrigating plants for the past but pne tree that showed signs of
I.finest produced on earth that many. of the Florida orange. two years with very gratifying results. blight, while trees within three milesof
of them seem to think that anything No well.informed Floridian would All of the groves that he has under my place, standing in sod, were
which goes from Florida in the shapeof deny for a moment the high quality of irrigation are carrying a heavy crop of nearly ruined the past two years.
an orange should be sold without the Indian river fruit, but the exceptionally fruit this season, while the surrounding The standard pear needs but little
any trouble at a price entirely satisfac- high price which it brings is groves not irrigated have.. but a very pruning, but cut back nearly twothirdsof
tory to the grower; while the truth is more due to the lateness in the season light crop. the young growth of dwarf trees.
that a very large percentage of the when it is marketed. A few ,weeks ago he put in opera- If this is not done and they are not
fruit which goes out is a lot of measly Sweetness and early ripeness are tion an extensive plant for Mr. Charles planted deep enough, they will becomea
stuff, which is neither handsome nor due more to the variety Jhan to the Francis, Jr., of Interlachen, and he sort of half standards and they will
good, and would be dear to the con- locality within the narrow limit of the now has a call to go to Reddick, get top-heavy and tip over.
sumer at any price. Now, this mat Florida orange belt. Sweet Sevilles Marion county, to superintend the The past season my pears were
ter of quality is almost entirely under have been grown on the St. Johns erection of a large plant. He will sprayed thoroughly with the Bordeaux
the control of the producer, and if he which were as sweet early in September leave for that field of labor on the mixture before they blossomed or
sells his fruit on the tjees, it leaves as any produced in South Florida.It 29th inst. leaved out. After the fruit set I
him free to study and work the whole is well enough to have a few of Perhaps a brief description of the sprayed three or four times, at inter-
year to produce as good fruit as can these early ripening varieties for first plant erected by him for Mr. Francis vals of a week or two, according to
be made. shipments, but it is easy to have too would be read with interest by those the weather. In the latter sprayings
Again, if sold at home that "haunt- many of them. "Soon ripe, soon contemplating putting in irrigation.The I put in Paris green at the rate of ones. ,
ing horror," the transportation question rotten," says the old proverb. Those following is a description as givenme pound to 200 or 300 gallons of water,
would be effectually eliminatedfrom that first become sweet generally lose, by the Captain. It consists of a to destroy the codlin moth and the
the growers' grievances. The flavor soonest, become stale and in- thirty horse power vertical steam boil curculio.
rate of freight would, of course, affect sipid or decay.. eranda 10x6x10 Worthington Duplex .
the price at which we could sell; but The green and sour North Florida Pump, capacity 300 gallons per min California Fruits in England.
., if the owner of the fruit is at the end fruit, while inferior in edible qualities ute. The suction pipe is five inchesin The seventh European special, con
of the line where it is to be delivered, early in the season to the sweet and diameter, and the main and lateral sisting of five cars of selected California
it will be much easier to get reasonable early fruit from the hammocks of pipes are four, three and two inchesin fruit, was sent out last night by the
1 rates and proper handling. South Florida will, after the latter have diameter, a total of about 9,000 feet California Fruit Transportation Com
4 That there is nothing impracticablein become overripe and-flavorless, be in length. There is a pressure iron pany. Two cars were by A. T. Hatch
this plan of selling at the grove is I+ripened up to an aromatic and sprightly tank of 3,000 gallons capacity. The from Suisun; one by J. Z. Andersonand
i' proved by the fact that nearly the en- richness which will be the open se- whole outfit was furnished by the Block, from San Jose; one from
t tirel! crop, in both Louisiana and Calif -'t same to the milllionaire's purse about Whittier Machine Company, of Boston Gregory Brothers' Company, loadedat
f; fornia, is now disposed of in that way. the holidays-if the frost does not Mass. Placerville, and one from the Co.FLORA .


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operative Fruit Company of Auburn. packed and stored away. After the pears properly, .however, are able to requires us to 'fcall wine, but which is
This shipment will cross the ocean on sides are dry they are bunched, fortyin occasionally have fruit of a quality no more a true presentment of the
the steamer Teutonic. the bunch, tied up and are readyfor which will compare with anything at elegant yitt du pays which the soil of
The results of the last shipment, :)shipment; During all the time that .all in the pear line:; When the preparation Florida is capable of producing than a
which was sold in Liverpool and Lon- the sides are handled they are being '! of pears for eating becomes a satyr is of Hyperion. It is no more a
don on last Friday, are very good, "sorted" and any imperfect one or one science, as it used to be In the older wine than blackberry wine" or
realizing as high as i 7s. 6d. per box for that is not first class in every respectis time, they will have an additional char- "strawberry wine" is.
pears. In an interview last evening, thrown out. This company guarantees acter of value to that of mere product- But the scuppernong is so valuableas
with G. H. Appel, agent for the California every side they send out, and iveness. Peter Kieffer, the raiser of a household appendage that every
Fruit Transportation Co., he back up their guarantee by agreeingto these, was a scientific horticulturist, family who expect to live five yearsin
said: pay 5 cents for every imperfect side who had learned to put that science Florida ought to plant a half dozenor
"I have cable advices to the effect and 254 cents for any rough ones. into excellent practice. No one who so, just as much as they would pro-
that shipments from now"on should With this guarantee the grower can I tasted Kieffer pears after he had properly vide a cow and a d zen fowls. It
realize good prices, and that if we will rest assured that he does not have to I preserved them would care to eat. furnishes a table fruit for a month in
continue regular shippers up to December pay for any stuff he cannot use with- any other variety. As we understand, the fall when there is not a super-
they will revolutionize the out deteriorating the looks of his package he simply gathered them a little before' abundance of fruit to be had; and
trade over there, making a good demand they were mature, and ripened gradu- fruit of a quality which is by no means
for the coming season, and giv- The future orange box is destinedto ally in a cool and not too hot dry room. to be despised. Scuppernong grapes,
ing California -fruits precedence over be veneered pine, for several rea- It is the rapid ripening which impairs when properly pulped and cooked
fruits from 'other countries. sons, among which is the scarcity of their flavor." down, can be'canned or made into
"\'Vli' t is wanted there is large, fine- other timber in the State. The pine It is not too much to say that the Le. "spiced grapes," or into jelly, by the
colered, handsome-appearing fruit. when well cut makes a side that an- Conte pear stands on stronger ground : skillful housewife-all of which are
The brands of the shippers who have swers every purpose, and as it can be today than ever before.T11e'1line. excellent dishes. If the vine-is total-
been forwarding regularly by these produced at a less cost than other ly neglected the berries are apt to be
trains have become established, so that woods is bound to be the popular side: tough and _small; but when encour-
for the England trade next season they We were shown sides made of near- ard aged by even the smallest amount of
will require no introduction."-Sacramento ly all the woods grown in the State -..- .... cultivation and fertilizer, it will produce
Record-Union, Aug. 31. which could be used for that purpose! Edited by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. berries as large as Wild Goose
Hickory makes a smooth and strong plums, and their quality will be so
The Man's
Making Orange Boxes. side but the timber is scarce. Bay is Lazy Grape. greatly improved that they will be,
The editor of the Agriculturist recently is also scarce and so is ash. Black Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: even in an uncooked condition, a wel-
visited the establishment of the gum makes the prettiest side but warpsall The scuppernong has not infrequently come addition to the fruit resources of
Warn ell Lumber and Veneer Company, out of shape in drying, which is been called "the lazy man's the family. Like all other fruits, this
and thus describes the operation of the case with some of the other woods; grape," because it comes so near vine needs potash in abundance to
making orange boxes. the pine, however, can be handled taking care of itself. In fact, if plantedin make it produce large, sweet and .f
Arriving at the mill the logs are without any trouble from these sources. juicy fruit.
soil about the
reasonably good
rolled off on to another logway which t I any The vine is generally propagatedby
leads to the 1'cut off" saw. Here the The Fall Campaign Against Scale i buildings of the farm or furnished witha rooted cuttings obtained by layering

logs are cut up into lengths of twenty Insects. stout. arbor, it will take care of itself but there are many authenticated {instances -
nine inches and then put up in steam .Although in Florda some insects as completely as the pecan or the where cuttings have been madeto
boxes, where they remain from fourto breed continually throughout the year, orange tree under similar' conditions. grow. There are vines now and
twelve hours according to the kind there is a very general winter rest then of,the monrecjous or single flow-
The scupper'nong is
of wood that is being cut and the work from November or December to Janu- essentially a ering kind that will not bear. The
for which it is intended. When the ,ary or February, according to the wild grape. In its tough, leatherlikeskin novice hat} better take. no risks in
logs have been steamed long enoughare severity of the season. The awaken- there is a peculiar, strong, musky securing vjnes, but make assurance
taken out and put in the veneering ing in the spring is gradual and not bouquet and an excess of acid, which, doubly sure by going to some neigh-
machine. This machine is simply a sudden as at the North. if allowed to go into the must, takes bor who has old bearing vines and ..
turning lathe of immense proportions, In February most of the species of years to eradicate by the ordinary processes getting permission from him to propa.
occupying a space of eight by twentytwo insects injurious to the orange make of oxidation; or else has to be gate a few. This is done by bending
feet and weighing 28,000 pounds. their appearance, and in May and overcome with sugar. So low is its down a vine and covering the end of
The cutter bar alone weighs 1,100 June attain their greatest activity. percentage of sugar that it weighs very it deep enough in the earth to secure
pounds. Everything is as '>lid as During July and August there is a seldom above 60 on the must scale. constant moisture, when it will take
iron and steel can make it, so that marked lull in the insect world. Many This defect could 1, doubtless, be cor- root, and next winter it can be severed
when the log starts there is not the forms disappear, to return in Septem- rected to a certain extent by cultiva- from the parent vine. It is not too
least bit of vibration and the veneer ber.The tion and fertilizing; but most people of ,I late yet to do this. .
comes out unshattered and p fCect. most effective time to wage a finer taste would say: "Throw the wild Scuppernong is not entirely free
After the log has been centered in the war of extermination against insect thing away and plant something bet- from rot ,and mildew, but, those dis-
lathe the machine is started. and the pests can only be determined satisfactorily ter.". eases do not affect the vitality of the
log begins to turn against a sharp knife by a special study of each, case ; But hold; let us see what a little vine as it does -on other varieties, 'if
which cuts off all the bark and uneven but if a general rule is required, June common sense will do here. Bear in not treated.--ED.
portions. As soon as the log is perfectly and September may be indicated as mind that this grape never fails, never t ,
round the box sides commence the months in which especial efforts gets in the way of Jack Frost, is iron- STATE OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO, 1
coming out in lengths of sixteen and should be made to rid the grove of in- clad against all insects and diseases, is Lucus COUNTY, J}.II
eighteen feet and twenty six and five- sect.enemies for fighting scale insects easify'c lt vated (in fact, needs no cultivation "Frank S. Cheney makes oath that
eighths inches wide. The log is steam however, the month of March, except the application of some he is the senior partner of the firm of
ing hot and as the strip is cut from the or April if the season is a late one, good wood ashes and ground bone F. J. Cheney & Co., doing businessin
log the pressure bar squeezes out the will be found,the best in all the year. around its roots once a year), bears the 'City of Toledo, County and
sap and water so that it runs from the i enormous crops, as high as eighteentons State.aforesaid, and that said firm will
machine in a stream. The "boards"are The Japanese Pears. to the acre being credibly reported pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED
taken up from the floor and put When so eminent a horticulturist as and will live a life-time, perhapstwo DOLLARS for each and every case
on an edging machine which cuts off Thomas Meehan will make the follow, of them.It of Catarrh that cannot be cured by.
the strips perfectly square and just the ing sweeping admission as to the quality is not for the manufacture of wine the use of HALL'S CATAFRH CURE.
size the orange grower wants them. which can be developed in the Le- for commercial purposes that we would FRANK J. CHENEY. '
From the edging machine the sides are Conte and Kieffer pears by proper encourage the planting of the scup Sworn to before me and subscribedin
put on the cars, which take them to handling, our Florida growers have pernong. This is a problem whose my presence, this 6th day of De-
the drying sheds out in the yard, ,reason to be encouraged: Two of solution has often been attempted in cember, A. D; 1886.
which cover an acre, or to the drying these, namely, the LeConte and the the South, but most men do not reach '. A. W. GLEASON
kiln. The weather Kieffer have become half round it and the less said ,
always decides quite popular.The way t SEAL }j Notary Public.Hall's .
where they are to go. If it is rainy enormous amount of fruit which about "scuppernong wine" as usually ..- T- .
they go to the kiln, where they are they bear gives them a great charm found, the better. Our good wives : Catarrh Cure is taken inter.
thoroughly dried and can be bunchedin with those with whom quantity is of struggle with the problem every year, nally and acts directly upon the blood
twelve to fourteen hours. Those first importance. As a general rule, and,by means of an abundant; use of and mucous surfaces of the system.
placed outside take from three days to the fruit is considered, in flavor, far sugar-from a pound up to a pound Send for testimonials, free. *
a week to thorpughlyseason-so that| below those of the other class of pears. and: a half to'the gallon of juice- F. J. CHENEY&CO., Toledo' O.:
they will not mildew or discolor when Those who understand how to ripen they concoct a liquor which politeness Sold by druggists, 75C.


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.F ]"4ElJilD] tfl\.tJ e El\ drouth. To prevent this the best planis I began setting plants in the field but was satisfied with nothing, !,but
to plow it twice. Run a furrow about October, continuing to set some !mother earth."

Editorial Notes about four inches deep, turning the each month until in January. The As to the

I FALL PLANTING OF CA .-It is sod down as well as may be,and: followup rows set in November and Decemberdid "NEW CELERY CULTURE."
with another plow right behind the the best, brought the most money;
said that in Louisiana planters frequently it may do here provided one has plentyof
plant their seed cane in the first, throwing a furrow slice three or and with the least work. It was set water and floods it daily. Without -
Jail, which is found to be safe on land four inches deep on top of the other.Th'is in single rows four feet apart and six that it will fail, for with such heavy
will bury all and roots undera or seven inches apart in rows about
is well drained that the grass
that so cane fertilizing as would be necessary withso
will not become saturated and rotWe layer of fine, mellow soil clear of 250 feet long. This sold in New York close planting-and a plant too requiring -
all roots and in good condition for $350 giving $30 net The
see no reason why this might not be grass per rpw. so much moisture as celery-
in Florida in North Flor- foi bedding.The frosts in December almost ruined the
done even unless kept drenched, the plants would
ida with In this the Scotch Clipper, made by the blanching varieties-the Golden
advantage. way not grow and would soon run to seed.
cane comes up early in the spring and Moline Company, does good work in .and White Plume. To be successful, I think, first, you .
has a long growing season in which to crabgrass sod, with a strong team. If That set after December 24 did should have land naturally damp or
perfect maturity and richness. Canesare the land is double-plowed, as above nothing, as it got too hot and dry for made so by irrigation, yet drained so
described, everything can be turned it. I think however, if it could have
said to have been grown by this that it will not become sobby; land too
method with thirty matured joints. under by hitching a heavy chain to the been irrigated it would have come on that when you bank your celery it will
end of the double-tree and later and when
right-hand to market bearing a
MULCH FOR IRISH POTATOES.-It not wash or blow down; good plantsof
pays to cut .and save the crabgrasswith to the plow-beam, making a loop which higher price. a variety suited to the..soil; plenty
will down 4n
which to ,mulch the potato seed drag all grass just advance CULTURE AND FERTILIZER. of fertilizer of the right kind and good
of the furrow-slice and hold it
for the fall crop. Strewn along the The varieties doing best were Mexican cultivation. .
until it is covered up. But if not.
row on the seed, covered and firmed Solid, Savannah Market Boston A PAYING CROP.
it is {
not to
double-plowed so buryall
with the roller or by dragging themoldboarcf easy Market and Golden Dwarf in the
grass and trash out of the way of order With these we have a good paying
of the plow on it, it makes cultivation. In this case it is best to named. I used a compost made crop, one too different from many in
a moist, rotten bed in which the tubers mow the grass ,and burn' it before from cow lot manure, cottonseed meal, that there is no likelihood of over-
will grow mealy because the mulch plowing. This is a-waste of humus- Belleview.soft phosphate and sulphateof production. Celery used to be a lux-

allows them to expand. It is difficultto making material, but it has,to be done, potash, all thoroughly rotted and ury, but it is now almost a necessity,
grow mealy potatoes in our weighty for it is impossible; to raise, crop of mixed. About a month before settingout and is often prescribed medicinally;
sandy soil without a mulch to sustain onions worth one's time and I plowed in cow-pea stubble, har- and increasing demand yearly is
the pressure. It is the great weightof a sod which is not completely moneyon rowed and smoothed the land. When immense. Northern grown celery is
the Florida soil which makes our i turned down and covered up. Crab- :ready to set out I run out a furrow kept in pits and cellars, usually, until
sweet potatoes too clammy to suit the with a one-horse plow returning in the about March New
grass does not make a deep sod, ,and i i. Northern grown
Northern ,appetite. For September I when managed as above described the i same furrow. If too much loose earth celery cannot be got before July, and
planting use only Florida.grown seed planting and culture can be carried on rolled in I cleaned it out with a hoe. to get it even at that time the plants
of last spring's growth. Northern Then scattered two one-horse loads of
: with satisfaction.Run must be grown in green-houses. But
grown seed is so recently dug that it i over the beds at least. dozen i compost in each furrow, and four the market is just as good from Marchto
will generally rot before it will sprout. of salt. About three inches of
I times with the cutaway harrow. Then quarts July as at any other time. .
On well-drained land it will pay the I earth was then hauled irt from the qut- Last this
scarify thoroughly with an old fashioned year celery was 'sent t to
grower to try the experiment ((which i spike-tooth (which still has its sides, leveled and left to be settled by. country from France, and put on the
is not altogether an experiment either) place in good farming) to collect the a rain; or, if in a hurry, it was planked market to fill in the interim. Is not
of growing potatoes this fall to be left grassroots and straw that be down by laying down a six-inch board this one of Florida's opportunities?
in the'ground during the winter and may and walking several times over it.
... still, on the surface. Lift one side of, B. H. ALDEN.
shipped very early next' spring, when the harrow when it becomes Sometimes we used water in setting, Lawtey.
clogged .. .
would command fancy prices. I .._
they thus depositing the trash in rows and at others not, owing to conditionof
; land. Profit and Loss of Green Manuring-
crosswise of the line of work,,to be
A very convenient covering for a dried and burned. BANKING.I Dana says: "Turning in green crops

young plant against frost, is a half sec- Harrow until the land is as mellowas found no trouble 'm getting a is returning gnly to the soil the salts,
tion of pine bark about a foot long. silicates and geine which the plants
stand seldom if
,an ash-heap; level with the plank ever losing plant.
They are peeled from the trees after drag,. standing on it to give it weightand Set collar of plants even with surfaceof have drawn out, together with all the
they have been felled several months, cause, it to, fill! up all hollows and furrow, but three inches below gen- organic matter which the plant has
when they will come off readily. mash the remaining lumps. Harrow eral surface. Kept ground loose by itself elal rated from oxygen and

PROTECTING YOUNG TREES. again with the spike-tooth to bring running a wheel hoe occasionally near hydrogen, carbon and nitrogen, from
Young orange trees may be effectively more lumps to the surface, then drag the plants and an Acme between ,the whatever source derived. It has decomposed -
protected against frost by sticking the again to mash them. Then harrow and rows. After six weeks I handled, during the short period of
stalks of cabbage palmetto leaves into drag a third time. The writer has straightening up the plants and press- its growyi, as has been already pointedout
the ground around them, especiallyon had a man and a horse harrow and ing the earth around each, then pull- more silicates and salts than the
the south side, ,and tying the tops drag two acres ofstrawberry land a ing up with hoe between, plants to air only could effect during the same
of the leaves together around the whole week, until the man declaredthe keep them growing upright. As it period, which, being turned in, restored -
trunks.' In the case of a still freeze, land "would be worn out-yet; he grew out of the banks continued to to the soil from which they
it is the early morning sun that does firmly believes that it added to the earth up until when done the banks grew salts and silicates in a new form,
the most mischief and should be yield to the value of a hundred dol- were waist high, and as a neighborsaid whose action on vegetation is like that
screened against; but cold wind kills lars an acre.-ED. "looked like I was getting readyfor of alkalies.
, limbs and foliage on the north side. ,' a battle; like entrenchments." "But powerful as are the effects of
CABBAGES TOO EARLY.-It is not Experience With Celery. > green crops plowed in, it is the expe-
. worth while to raise cabbages to ship PACKING.I rience of some practical men that one
against the cellared crop of the North.It Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: used ventilated boxes, twentytwoby crop allowed to perfect itself and die
is true that a large strong plant 'will As the growing of celery seems to twenty-eight inches and five inches where it grew and then turned in ,dry
stand the cold better than a small ope be attracting some attention in Florida, deep, for shipping; lumber dressed on is superior to three turned in green.
set later, but a cabbage coming to perhaps my limited experience may be outside. The whole result is explained by tl e
maturity before there is a market for of,some value to beginners. Made a rack five inches wide fact that dry plants give more geine

l it is of little value. Plants ready to SOWING....THE SEED. (depth of box) and high enough to than green. Green plantsferment, dry
, be set in the field about the first week Two years ago I set out two double hold twelve medium sized roots after plants decay. A larger portion escapes
r of November will be about right for rows of Boston Market on common being trimmed. Each bunch was In fermentation, as gas and more volatile -
an average season in Central or South. flatwoods l land, where it had good tied in two places and packed in the products are formed, than during
r .. Florida. drainage, .but naturally a damp. soil. box, "heads and tails," five to the decay. I The one is a quick, consuming
r i This did so well that I determined to box. If the celery was large, some- fire, the other a slow mouldering
: Onions in Florida-No. 2. to put in more last year., Being desirous times six roots filled the rack, being ember giving off during its progress
Old'land is alone fit for a crop requiring of knowing the varieties best thirty roots to the box. Some sold at gases which feed plants and decom-
fine work, and this is generally suited to my land, as well as the best $4.50 per box. Much of it weighedtwo pose the silicates of the soiL
r: covered with a crabgrass sod in the. time for setting out in field, I did some to two and a half pounds to the "The power of fertility which exists
- /all. If this is not turned under with experimenting. I commenced sowing root after being trimmed. in the silicates of soil is unlimited.An .

great care the grass wilt stick up over seed in June, sowing an occasional Tried blanching with paper and improved agriculture most depends
the beds, making the land woolly and seedbed for four months, and -sowed with wires on each side and'mulching upon the skill with which this poweris

puffy, so that it will suffer; ,in the fall eight varieties:: .. ; crowded between them and the, celery, brought'into action. It can be done






only by the conjunction of salts,geine I the variety as great as I can. Rice Pointers. would the winter months under like
and. plants. Barren sands are worth- I meal is good in small quantities, but A WASH TO PREVENT LICE.-Steep conditions. Mine have gathered no
less, a peat bog is little better, but a too much of it will act on the bowels pound' of refuse tobacco in a gallon honey for five or six weeks; yet each
practical: illustration of the principles very readily and cause a disorder thatis of water, and with a watering pot colony has two or more frames of
'which have been maintained is afforded hard to remedy. Linseed meal is sprinkle it over every part of the brood in all stages, and their storesare
by every sandy knoll made fertile especially good at this'season or for poultry house, on the roosts, nests, in diminishing so rapidly that .it will
by spreading swamp muck upon it. moulting hens; it makes them shed the cracks, or wherever it will enter, not be long until they will have to be
This is giving geine to silicates. The easier and is strengthening. This, too, and the lice will become scarce after fed. They fly out every morningafter
very act of exposure of this swamp should be given with caution, for if one or two applications.THE propolis and pollen. The first
muck has caused an evolution of car- fed too often will act as a cathartic, I NEST.-A box about fifteen they stick over everything; and som'eof
bonic acid gas that decomposes the and weaken rather than strengthen the inches square and six inches deep the old-style frames are a sight. In
silicates of potash in the sand; that fowls. E. W. A. makes a good nest. A frame, havingno some cases the rabbets are full of what
potash converts ,the insoluble into Semptember 5, 1892. bottom or top, and placed on the looks and tastes like pure pine pitch.
soluble manure, and, lo! a soil. That ground, with cut straw for a nest, is I will send you a sample. In the improved -
growing crop adds its power to the Capons and Their Habits. excellent. The main point to look Hoffman frames they get onlya
geine." Capons are generally raised for eating out for lice. Tobacco refuse, mixed little line where the frames touch.:....
What the professor here calls geineis '. none in the rabbets. Devoted as they
purposes, but at the same time let with the straw, is the best preventive.
usually called humus. The correctness seem to be to this plastering industry,
tell make about DISINFECTANTS.-An ounce of sulphuric
.of his reasoning has been attested me you they as orna- it takes but the merest hint of honeyto
acid to a gallon of water is the
by frequent experience in Florida. A mental a bird as one can keep ,on ,his make them drop their tools and go
best. Crude carbolic acid, one pint,
heavy crop of cow peas turned underas place. When fully matured they are water fifteen gallons is another. Either;? to robbing; and when they are started
for the of handsome and fowl beat the record for .
a preparation plantirig exceedingly no, they persistence.
of the mixtures if welj sprinkled over
strawberries has been known to "sob" in the world has so profuse and brilliant About September t the partridge pea
the yards and on of the
the land to such an extent that it was a plumage as a full grown capon. every will give them the first of the fall
poultry house will do more to prevent
lifeless and unfit for cultivation far handsome than flow and little later wild flower
heavy, really They are more any a on a
disease than all the medicines that can
for two years afterward, until rooster living, and far more quiet and be given. which I have been unable to name or
the'soil could regain tone and light dignified. identify, gives the bulk of the crop.
ness. On the other hand, a crop of They are exceedingly moderate in AN EXCELLENT OINTMENT.Forsores When I first saw bees at work on.
cow peas allowed to ripen and lie on all their movements, and are seldom scabby leg eruptions, etc., an the partridge pea I was not a little' -
the ground all winter has rendered it inclined to move faster than a slow excellent liniment may be made of puzzled to know where the honey
as'mellow an ash-heap and added walk. Their tail feathers grow long, carbolic acid one ounce, lard one came from. They do not pay any
very perceptibly to its fertility.Poultoy. and two of them' to extraordinarY'. pound. Mix the ingredients in a glue attention to the yellow flower, but get
length. Their hackle, is heavy and pot, and when well incorporated pour the nectar from extra floral glands.
) rich looking. In fact, their' feathersare into an open mouth bottle. If an There is one at the base of each leafstalk
] beautiful, and that is one-reason i ounce of castor oil be added it will be about a line in diameter-the ,
of them left the an advantage. of in view its "
why so many are on globule honey on "
Edited by E.W.AMSDgN, Ormond, Fla. bird in dressing him for market. They. HATCHING CHICKS.Use only clean surface. Almost any of our local bee..A., ..

Cooked Feed. are free from all sorts of diseases, andI fresh eggs. If an egg is filthy, washit keepers will tell you that the fall flow6 I'
.Nearly every day in the year we do not know that I ever saw a sick in' warm water. Should one become good part from goldenrod; and I -
or ailing capon. I have seen one or broken in the nest, the entire contents see that flower mentioned by severalin
feed ration of cooked food
one to our two lose their eyesight, but do not must be removed, new straw or other friend Brown's report. But I am
fowls, and we find it not only profitable know whether their being capons had material placed in the nest, the eggs still skeptical The plant, in differ-
but a relish; the fowls prefer it to anything to do with it. carefully washed, and the hen dusted ent varieties, is all about us here, and
whole grain as a morning meal. By While they are dignified and graceful with insect powder, or lice will surely I have watched it every hour in the
cooking we can feed more of a variety when left quietly to themselves, yet take possession.HEAT day when bees were flying and never
than in any other way, and the foodis let a person undertake to rush them or IN THE BROODERs.-In keep- yet have seen a honey-bee on it. I
always more wholesome. Then we chase them about in their pen and he ing chicks brooders, the heat should have also noticed the entire absenceof
believe in animal food, for insects are a will see the most clumsy and awkwardset never get lower than ninety degrees, flies and other insects, so commonon
natural food for fowls on a range and of birds that could possibly be or over one hundred. If too warm, it in the North.
are a large part of their living. I have. found. The moment they are hurriedor however,'the chicks sleep on the edgeof With your permission I want to tell
fed liberally of fish,, meal, blood and rushed they lose all their dignityand the brooder, but if too cold they the readers of Gleanings a good thing -
cut bones, and never saw other than gracefulness will trample over will crowd. Keep the heat well up in relation to the flat covers of the
- good,effect from their use. The desic- each other and everything in their way until the chicks go to market.; The Dovetailed hive. I have tried the
cated or dried meats and fish, although in the most clumsy manner. This warmer and more comfortable theyare hive this year and can see but one
cooked, are better mixed and impart condition arises, I think, from-the fact kept, the faster they will grow. fault, viz.: the covers will warp. Now
their flavor to the whole mess betterif that they have grown so much larger and then one will lie perfectly flat;
steamed with it. I also cut what than was natural (by being caponized) but the most of them are "cantankerous -
fresh grass I use and stir it into the that it causes them to be clumsy, just J1pia.F ," and I have to pile brick on diagonally *
mess after other ingredients are the same as we see young boys and opposite corners to make
mixed, and that helps to flavor the girls who suddenly take on lots of fat Florida Notes.Is them robber-excluding. Well, if you
whole, and the fowls will eat it better and grow rapidly. They have not it not one of the strange thingsin are bothered the same way, when you
and more of it in this way than if cut become accustomed to it, and we all our history that this State, whereinwas order covers just ask friend Root to
and left in their troughs. know how awkward they are. located the first colony from the run them over a circular saw, cutting
I ,have a twenty-five gallon caldronor Capons also have "a great deal of old world, and Southern California, two-thirds of the way through the
farm boiler in which I cook all my curiosity (almost as much as a woman), visited by Cortez, both garden-spots board from the under side. Make
food. It will hold enough for 600 and will peck into and investigate every in our vast territory, should be the three or four of the grooves, equal
fowls-a good breakfast. I first lethe suspicious looking object lying about. last to have their wonderful resources distances apart. When that cover, is
water boil, then stir in what corn It is fun to see one try to quickly get developed ? Florida, the oldest Statein cleated it is flat to stay, and as strongas
l Hearts I use and let this cook from ten away from something that has scared our history, is to-day the newest, ever. One can even use the edge
to thirty minutes, when the animal him. He can't do it to save his life, the youngest. Another want felt by for a seat if he feels so disposed.
meal or fish is added and the whole and in his efforts to do so he will makea bee-keepers as well as other studentsof Gleanings in Bee Culture.
mess thickened with wheat bran and sort jump, and, instead of getting nature is a botany. I have made .
last of all the cut grass is added and away from the object, it is more than careful inquiry for one; but so far as A train of seventy cars, drawn by
the cover" placed on to be left until likely he will go straight up in the air I nave been able to learn there is no one engine, passed west over the Florida -
morning, when it is fed warm. and then land on top of it. It bothers work in which the flora peculiar to Central and Peninsular one day re
1 always add a good big handful of him awfully to be quick about anything this State is included.with any degree cently. Upward of twenty trains per
salt to the water before stirring i in the except to grow-and he doesn't know I of thoroughness, though the most of day arrive and depart via the three
cronor feed meal asJit| is called. I am a how to avoid that the plants the bees work on are classi- roads from Lake City, or an averageof "

,..' great believer in a small amount,of salt Capons become very quiet, tame and I fied.In one for each of the twenty four '
in the soft feed. In fall and winter' peaceable, and are the most satisfac- this part of Florida there is noth- hours.-Gainesville Sun.
when I use clover hay I let this steep tory fowl to have around, so far as !I ing for the bees to work on during t .. ..
for an hour or more before adding needing little care, that I know, and June, July and August; and if they FOR DYSPEPSIA,
meal, etc. I certainly they .are the most profitable. .I had to gather their daily food they Indigestion.BROWX'S,and Stomach IRON BITTERS.disorders take
I do not 'confine myself to, corn I -GEORGE Q. Dow, in Country Gen ''I.would stand about as good a chance All dealers keep It,$1 per bottle. Genuine baa
hearts 'and' bian'for mash but make. tIe nan. surviving the summer as yours trade-mart ana crossed red lines on wrapper.SE .


<<',,: 'r-r: ..,.- ''" : -, : ',r "'t .... .
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: .

STEPHEN POWERS .Editor. in consideration of money or advertis- would take a certain amount of Florida step toward putting the fruit on their

P.O.Address, Lawtey,Fla. ing patronage. The matter on this I oranges at prices better than could markets in good condition.If .

-I page expresses the editor's opinionsalone I be obtained in America. sonre of the growers will ship to

The thirty-fifth annual catalogue of or is extracts from other papers Absolutely considered, our own England and some to the North, the
the Fruitland Nurseries,'* P. J. Berck better fruit market probabilities that both will receive
duly credited, and thereby substantial- country is a far are
"_ mans, proprietor, Augusta, Ga., is on of Eu. fair in
]approved. than England or any country prices-perhaps no higher net

our table. This immense establish- In the other departments of the pa- rope; and if the oranges which are ex- London than in New York-but if all

ment, covering nearly 400 acres, ex- could be .. the North the chances that
per we may have erred sometimes in posed to early frosts gathered ship to are
,. isting in the heart of the cotton belt, in the all will receive because of
permitting correspondents to write too and placed in cold storage poor prices -

would certainly seem to ,indicate that specifically about some of their favor- North and kept until spring to advan the glut.Merohants'.
the Southern Atlantic and Gulf Statesare .
r ite articles. If so, ,it is because we tage, we should never pen a line in

becoming alive to the advantagesof have a thorough respect for the man favor of shipping to England. But, Mr. John Steamship G.. Christopher Company-makes
fruit culture and
: are entering upon who creates something, raises something unfortunately, this Is not the case; the following statement in the Times-
the road from their
leading away long has something to sell. It,would cold storage for Florida oranges maybe Union:

bondage to the monopoly. of cotton. vastly redound to the benefit of Floridaif set down as a demonstrated failureso The steamship Bowden, built especially -
the fruit trade is iron
for of
an ship
Decent people are getting to be more of her citizens had somethingto far as profit is concerned. 1,000 tons burthen (capacity 17,000 boxes

pneumatic-tired the that is sell, and of which they had so highan Therefore the question becomes avery oranges), is very fast, having made 14
over gas
miles her tnal and will without
on trip
being expended by the daily press opinion that they were moved to pertinent and important one : doubt make the trip between Jacksonvilleand

over the fights of three sets of bruisersat write to the.newspapers about it. Would it not be better to ship enough New York direct in from sixty to
I of the surplus fruit to England to sixty-five hours, which is twentyfourhours
'New Orleans, for the money there quicker than by rail or by any
The Autumn Glut.
avoid the inevitable autumn glut ? steamship line now running.
is it
, the pugilistic championship,
. The in the
autumn glut orange mar- Having been constructed for the fruit
and the brute force necessary to ket is as certain as the trade winds. We attach very little importance to trade, she is thoroughly ventilated and

"knock out" the other man, and wear There is an ever-present possibility of the statements that the English appetite dition.prepared to transport fruit in perfect con

the champion brute's belt. The professional frost, the earliest prices are fascinat- demands an acid orange. The We shall run the steamship Bowden
pugilist at honest digging, the British public accept acid oranges be- three trips and the steamship John G.
ingly high, everybody sends a few Christopher two trips per month thus
honest work he knows how cause they are little accustomed to any
only to
shipments to catch them, and the re- giving the orange and vegetable growers
do, could' arn $1.50 per day. But is other, and it is just as well probablythat five sailing dates from Jacksonville dur-
sult a complete slump. It seems ing the month. Should the business
work galls him. useless to contend against it, uselessto .they are not familiar with the warrant it, the Christopher will also
Florida orange in its perfectionsayafter make three trips per month, thus giving
Some ,excellent people are unduly talk against it. Christmas-for then they mightnot six sailing dates from Jacksonville per

excited on the subject of cholera. One A grower of our acquaintance has accept so readily the fruit whichis month.It is.our aim to give the growers the

of our State exchanges goes so far as been caught in this periodic glut untilit offered them in November. The benefit of not only a low rate of freightand
has become monotonous. Last fall ([ you all know that our rate has been
to say: "An epidemic in 'the United simple fact is, there is a hiatus in the 30 cents per box and 60 cents per barrelon
States may mean a million deaths, he was caught in it again to the extent fruit supply in England for two or oranges to New York since we com-
of boxes shipped in October which menced business, which is 10 cents per
75 ,
possibly three times.that number. three months, or until the Italian and box lower than is made by competing
. The worst epidemic that has visited I netted him from 40 cents to$i a box- Spanish oranges begin to arrive, and lines), but we propose to give you the
about 60 best and fastest ventilated service ever
England and Wales only? Tesulted in average cents. just at that particular time it happensthat offered, and we trust our efforts, being a
55,181 deaths, and we doubt jf the He then determined to let his fruit a glut is imminent in America; purely home enterprise backed by Florida -
mortality in Russia this wilt take its chances with the frost, if he men, will be so fully appreciated by
; year ex- and every box that can be shippedover large and constant shipments during the
ceed 100,000. It is urged that we havea lost every box. The frosts did their the water during that limited period season as to justify our increasing the

fatal lack of preparation that thereare worst with it through the winter, as a will service next year.
relieve by so much the con- Our terminal facilities in New Yorkare
no physicians who have seen cholera result of which about half the oranges gestion on this side, and-what' is unsurpassed, having leased the large
cases and understand the treatment dropped off the trees. In March he covered pier No. 30, North river, foot of
equally important-command good
Desbrosses street. This pier is warm and
\ of the malady. This very fact shipped the remainder, which* was fine prices on the other side-presented in being thoroughly lighted by skylights in

:'is an assurance of our comparative fruit, the "survival of the fittest,"andit the roofwill afford splendid opportunitiesfor
thoroughly good shape.
selling the fruit at auction on
safety, as it shows that the vigilance cleared him over $2 a box, some Growers might do well to have inmind This pier being centrally located wend
and skill of modern science have so netting as high as $2.55. In other our cargoes almost at the door of the New
the example of a few California York fruit merchants, thereby saving
words half of the brought him
", long? excluded this epidemic that a crop growers of deciduous fruits this sum- long and expensive cartage, which in
- has passed in almost more money than the whole would cold w.ather exposes the fruit to damageby
generation away an mer. They believed that a demand frost.
have done in the fall.
.: total exemption from it. The for a certain amount of their fruits The Florida Fruit Exchange have endorsed
This experience determines his our efforts and guaranteed us
where cholera
regions originates are
could be created in and
course for the future.' England, they their support. Perfect ventilation fast
f limited, being confined almost en- commenced shipping in the face of vessels, careful handling and prompt settlement -
tirely to India but it is now admitted of claims we find have made us
; the almost that woulddo
Shipping Oranges to England. certainty they many friends. Insurance 1-5 of 1 per
that the disease may become acclima'tized There are a few facts which are established so at a loss. For the first four pr cent., which is as low as it is by any
(endemic) in other regions. In other line. ,
'First five did sustain loss
beyond controversy. shipments they a .-.-*-
t such places it lingers with cumulative if the orange crop of Florida could be but perseverance turned the scale, addat Profits of Commission Men.
effects. But an impressive fact is thatit effectually distributed, there would .be I the seventh shipment they were able Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

pisses over cleanly people. Said ample market for it all in the United i to recognize a distinct demand for their I enclose herewith a clipping from
A. M. Palmer a on the ill- I the New York Shipping and Commercial -
passenger States. Second, that effectual distribution fruit and they received a profit. They
List letter of H. Harris
being a J. ,
fated Normandia: "Not one American : is not now accomplished and it were men of wealth and public spirit, a large fruit grower of St. Francis,

r. has yet died on any of the infected will be years before it is. Third, under and they did not hesitate sink moneyat Florida, which I should like to see in

ships. The disease only takes hold of the stress of danger from frost and first for the sake of enlarging the THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER.D. .

E_ underfed and unclean persons. I the desire of the growers to escape it, market for their products.We H. ELLIOTT.

have lived with" it for eighteen. days there is every fall invariably a. glutin do not mean to imply that the Sanford In your Pla.issue of August 10 I find an

, and I know. T the orange market in the North, first shipment of oranges to Englandthis article, "Profits of Middlemen" in

Newspaper Ethics. and many thousands of boxes are sac- fall will result in loss. A demand which you refer to the complaints of

It may be worth while to say right rificed. Fourth, there is a period of has already been created. The fruitis orange growers as to the cost of marketing .

, now that it is useless to ask us to praise two or three months early in the sea wanted over there; it sells freely merchants.In their. crop through commission

any horticultural product, agricultural 'son when England and probably some I when in good condition. And this the same issue I note.. a very interesting

machine, or any other thing whatsoever of the countries of Northern Europe direct steamer service will be a long article in reference to some




.. .
V ,

proposed London corporation organIZed time, and besides the interest on his Plums and prunes have also taken an unwarranted excitement among apple ,
with in his upward tendency, and the advance of: men to buy fruit, dut it does not affect
a view to dispensing with inves rent must, conducting
about 75c. per crate can be consideredas our leading speculators here, as generally -
middlemen by enabling retail dealersto business, incur other expenses"largelyin the difference between Tuesday's and they manifest a hold-off policy arguing -

purchase direct from manufacturersand excess of those required for the Friday's offering. that they will buy in November,

importers. These two articles brokerage or commission business.If Tokay grapes are wanted, and next arrivals packed in barrels, as low as they can

appear side by side, and both refer to I am correctly informed, the of good qualities will bring splen- buy now upon the trees.CALIFOlL..IA .
the wholesale dealer who can did prices. Shipments of Malaga grapes
availability of some connecting ordinary
now in transit will meet a good market
link between manufacturer realize profit of 8 or 10 FRUIT PRICES IN NEW YORK.
or producerand an average and demand as the flavor of this fruitis
the retail dealer or consumer. per cent. on his sales is well satisfied, now fully appreciated, not only by the Note-California pears are sold in
That this connecting link or middle and for this reason I heartily agree trade but by the consuming public as boxes of 40 pounds net; peaches, 20
well. pounds net; grapes, 20 pounds; plums,
rnan'is not only desirable, but an apparent with the Florida fruit growers that the Reports from California indicate that 20 pounds; apricots, 20 pounds. -

necessity, I am prepared to charges of the commission merchantsare shipments en route are very light and September 5.-Bartlett pears 1.00 to
admit; but I must ask that the dis- excessive. sales next week will in consequence be 3.50; Seckel, half boxes, 50 to 60 cents;

tinction be more sharply drawn be- : I also agree with you that "middle- as small as they were during the past Gross prunes, 1.30 to 1.50; Piquett
peaches, 1.20; Crawford 60c to 1.05.
tween the ordinary wholesale dealeror men are indispensable," but I trust seven days. September 6.-Bartlett pears, 1.05 to

jobber and the commission mer- the day is not far distant when these CHICAGO 12. 3.50; Orange cling peaches, 1.45; Egg;

chant. Both are middlemen, but be middlemen will buy oranges from the Sept. plums, 1.10 to 1.15; Gross prunes, 1.30 to

yond that I find little in common be- producers, just as the' jobber in dry Apples, Red Astrachan, choice, 2.50 to 1.65.
3.00; bananas, selected, 1.25 to 1.50; September 7.-Bartlett pears, 85c to
tween these two distributors of mer- goods buys his muslin and calico; and grapes, Concords, choice, 8-lb. basket, 35 2.65; Orange cling peaches, 1.40; Kelsey

chandise, but on the other hand I find when this happy day arrives I will take to40c.; Niagara, 2-bu. stand, 3.00; Ives, plums, 1.25 to 1.85; Hungarian prunes

great similarity between the broker pleasure in writing the term not mid- 2bu. stand, 2.50 to 3.00; peaches, case, 2.35 to 3.00; Silver prunes, 1.35: ; :Muscat

and the commission merchant. dleman but MIDDLE MAN. 4 baskets, freestones, choice, 65 to 75c.; grapes, 40 to 85 cents; Tokay grapes., 2.00
pears. Bartletts, keg, 1.75 to 2.25; plums, to 2.35.
This being so, you will readily recognize Unless this is done the growers Damson,, 1.25 to 1.50; cabbage, September 9.Bartlett pears, 2.35 to

why fruit growers complain that must unite in placing their entire product barrel, 1.00 to 1.25;celery,dozen bunches, 2.80; Flemish beauty, 1.30; Tokay grapes,
the charges of commission ,merchantsare with the Fruit Exchange or em- 15 to 20c.; egg plant per dozen, 1.00; tomatoes 1.40 to 1.55; Egg plums 1.15 to 1.30;

excessive. The broker sells mer- ploy a salaried agent in your city who bushel, 1J50 to 1.75; potatoes, German prunes, 1.60 to 2.10.
bushel 55 to 60c. onions red barrel
; ,
will the matter of selling at
chandise in round lots for a commis- supervise 1.75 to 2.00.
auction immediately on arrival.It SUMATRA TOBACCO-ENORMOUS PROFITSIN
sion of from r to 2 per cent. on the
net amount of proceeds turned over is out of the question to allow a PITTSBURG, Sept. 12. ITS CULTIVATION.

to the producer. The commission brokerage of 10 per cent on freight Peaches and pears were abundant and Sumatra tobacco owes its great value

merchant handles Florida and other charges as well as on the rather easy at the following quotations: and merits to its superior adaptability
oranges net proceeds and then as is frequently Peaches?in crates, 2.00 to 2.25; in hampers for cigar wrappers. What chiefly recommends -
nominally for a commission of 10 per 2.25 to 2.50; in small baskets, 50c. to it for this purpose is its fine,
cent., but an actual average of more the case, find that your brokeror 1.25,according to the size of package and soft, silky, and elastic texture, suitable

tfian 20 per cent. on the amount of net commission merchant has sold at quality and condition of fruit. Bartlett conformation, glossy appearance, and

proceeds. This discrepancy is too auction on arrival. pears, 2 to 2.25 per keg and 4.50 to 5.50 good burning qualities. These qualitiesare
per barrel; Sheldon pears, 2 to 2.25 per developed to a very large extent by
great and fruit growers justly complain. keg; Seckel pears, 3.50 to 4 per barrel; the mode of culture and manipulation
They would willingly pay 10 per cent. ]Va.l' ets.JACKSONVILLE Tyron pears, 1 to 1.25 per half-bushel followed in its preparation for ,.market.
on the net proceeds, but, if comparedwith basket. Plums were scarce ; Damson As far as aroma is concerned there is
the profits of merchandise brokers plums were quoted at 1.25:) per pail and little to recommend it, which may be

and that is too high for FLA., September 14. 3.50 to 3.75 per bushel; gages at 2 to gleaned from the fact that nobody
jobbers even
FRUITS'AND VEGETABLES. 2.25; and California plums at 1.50 to smokes it in Sumatra. Although devoid -
large shipments sold without rehan- [Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] 1.75 per case. Apples were dull and of that fine aroma which distinguishesthe

dling, as most large shipments are These are average quotations. Extra choice stead at 1.50 to 3 per barrel for common Havana tobacco: ,, nevertheless. ,
sold. ota fetch prices above top quotations, while; t the most serviceable in the market, and

Referring to last year's lots Lemons sell,lower.Fla........................... 2.00 to; e for every pound of Havana, there area
crop, you .. Messina............. ......... < hundred or more of Sumatra used.
state that the growers received $3- ..hnes, too........... ................. .40 to ] The Sumatra planters have repeatedlytried
while the commission Pineapples,crate............, ......... 3-SOto, Havana seed with the view of en-
885,000, men Bananas,bunch............ ........... 1.50 to
and transportation companies made Potatoes, barrel..... ............. z oto: deavoring to combine the qualities of the
new sweet bushel........... .75ton Sumatra tobacco with those of the Ha-
$2,695,000. These ,two amounts then Cabbage ... .......... .. .......... I vana, but have [not been able to get the
the of the Onions.crate ........................ i.ooto il
represent gross proceeds Turnips,barrel......."................-. 21 Havana plants to grow successfully,
crop, $6,580,000. Ten per cent. of Beets ....................... ea and have therefore been compelled to
this commission Carrots, .. .................. ...... fall back on their own seed. Had they
amount gives the merchants Parsnips, ........................
$658,000 and leaves foi trans- Radishes, dozed...................... succeeded in their experiment, the to

Celery..... ............. ............... .,5oto bacco would have been greatly enhancedin
portation companies$2,03 7,000. This Egg Plants each....... .............. 05 to I value, and weather and fertility of
latter is under Jeans, crate.......... ................. 1. ... .
amount not at the soil but times it be
present Tomatoes............................. 1.50 bushel in crates or baskets.APPLES.There ; in.general may -
consideration, but, in passing I may Peaches,bushel ...... .; ..... 2.00 per said that if the soil is good and season
Pears.Kieffer,barrel.................. 3.00 is a steady market for favorable from 7 to 8 cwt. per acre can :- .
say it is a fraction less than 60 cents Squashes, slow sale bbl ... .........102 to 1.50 choice New York fall apples, which are be reckoned fields ,
box and does not appear excess. Watermelons ..,..- ...... ". ...._.. .68 to .10 scarce, but common Western and Southern upon, on some as
per Grapes, black -lb. basket........... .5010.75 much as 934 cwts. are got, but, on some
ive. Guavas,3-peckcrate...... ........ .75 hard apples continue dull. Prime to other hand:,there are fields{ that yield only
choice soft New York apples sell at 3.00
5 soil.
Taking figures $1.88 box POULTRY AND EGGS. to 3.50 good to choice Southern and cwt.: or even according to
your per lens........ .-?.......................$ .30 to .35 ; The highest grades of Sumatra tobacco
as the average gross price, the shareof boosters............................... .25 to .30 Western 1.50 to 2.50, and common do. 75c ire worth from 5s. to 7s. per pound.
the commission merchant at 10 Broilers........................ ..... 20 to .25 to 1.25 per bbl. from store. The value be said to be including
percent Turkeys........................0...... i.ooto 1.25 average may ( -
is 18 8-10 cents per box, or '17 Ducks...................... ........... .20 to .35 PLUMS are in moderate supply, butas all grades) 2s. 6d., or 2s. 7d. per t
Geese.................................. ..soto .75 the demand is light prices are barely] pound.It .
per cent. on $i. 11, you stateto Eggs.................... .............. .22 sustained. Prime New York plums seat
: is asserted of
by a correspondent
be the average net price per box. 30 to 40c per basket of 10 Ibs.;Damsons the; Fiji Times that Sumatra plantations
From an average .of the statementssent CALIFORNIA FRUIT IN NEW YORK.E. at 2.50 to 3.00 per bushel in stands. yield a clear profit often ranging from

me during the past season, the L. Goodsell says: Receipts of California PEARs.-The receipts are large from $50,000 to $150,000 year. Dividends as
commission merchants' share was ma- fruits this week have been the New York State, and prices are lower. high as 160 per cent. have been paid.
Bartlett sell at 4.00 to 5.00 bbl;, and
lightest since July 1st. This is partly per > <
terially beyond 20 percent. on the
owing to the bad prices that were realized good to choice of other varieties sell at
Palm Hone .
net returns but I accept state- 3.00 to 4.00 bbl.
your during the past two weeks, and also per
ment as substantially correct for the to the fear on the part of the shippers GRAPES.The supply is abundant and A curious industry of Chili is that of
purpose now under consideration.This that the cholera scare would tend to ruin there is a dull market. Concord sells at the manufacture of palm honey,of which
will note is the market. Contrary to this, receiptsof 2.75 to 3.00, and Ives' seedling at 2.25 to there exists a centre of production in the
percentage you domestic fruits having been lighter 2.50 per stand of two bushels, in prime hacienda, known as "Palmas de Ocoa."
secured without a previous investment, there has been a famine as regards shipping order from store.LEMONS The[ improvement in the methods of extraction -
without risk of loss from deterioratedstock peaches and good grapes. In consequence continue in ample supply has increased the annual pro-

or declines in market values, of this at my Friday's sale, ripe ,I and prices are barely sustained. Messina duction to about 100,000 piastres. In one
and without other risks assumed by Bartlett pears sold as high as 2.80, as sell at 5.00 to 6.00 for good prime of the warehouses of the Palmas de Ocoa
the wholesale dealer mid- against 1.75 for similar fruit early in the per box, and 6.50 to 7.00 for choice repacked establishment there are at present 200,000
jobber or week. stock. ? v tins, containing about 200,000 litres of
dleman handling ordinary merchandise The prospects are that very few more honey. The residue of the palm remaining -
; and hence for comparison the Bartletts will come forward from California PHILADELPHIA, September 12. after the extraction of the honey is

commission merchant must be classed the supplies having been about i Jamaica oranges are beginning to arrive sold to a packing paper factory, and the
with the broker rather than with the exhausted.In ; small offerings to be.made tomorrow idea has been entertained of establishinga
peaches a great scarcity has ruled, at auction. Liberal quantities for factory for hats made from the palm
ordinary jobber, who is required to and as high as 2.30 was made at my last next week. The apple trade has.not fiber which is never used,but from which
carry in stock a large amount of mer- sale for one lot of good quality only, of opened from New York State except the best profit drawn.-Indian
( chandise, bought for cash on short 40 boxes of Burton Bros packing. Hudson river stock. There seems to be Agriculturist.






>' ..

ROWEIL' '15 -1892'Our

I .
,. father's signature couldn't mean apple plantation. Seven years ago, hope that he will realize even more

. Y oun FolI\s.\ my more than that! when we first met him, his ambitionwas than he anticipates.- -Key West Equa-

Old Tom was won by the boy's enthu- to have a plantation of forty acres; tor-Democrat.

Wynken and Blynken and Nod one night siasm. urn see what my signature is that dream was realized, and now he Mr. Robert A. Mills, manager of
Sailed off in a wooden shoc-r" good for," he cried, with sudden resolu-
Sailed on a river of crystal light tion; and grasping the pen firmly he is trying to make it an even hundred. the Chuluota Pickling and Preserving

"Where Into a are sea of you dew going: ,and what do you wish?" wrote his name on the pledge. -Indian River. Advocate.Mr. Company, of Chuluota, Orange coun-
The old moon asked the three; "There, I've done it; and, God helpingme leased N. ty has favored the Sentinel with a
to fish for the herring fish "Lowas A. H. Gato has Mr. ,
"We have come I'll keep it, he said solemnly. bottle of palmetto that is cer-
live in this beautiful sea; ,
That the river
I've fallen I never broke my word L. Langford's fine place up ,
Nets Of silver and gold have we!f" of the most delicious picklesthe
Said Wynken, yet." near Alva, and it is his intention to tainly one
Blynken An hour later he entered his home, out a large tobacco plantation, besides writer has ever seen. It is made
Nod. put
and the of the palmettoandis
with the check in one pocket all the vegetables that from the.cabbage
The old moon laughed and sang a song, pledge in the dther. raising as tender and nice as can be. It is
As they rocked in the wooden shoe, The check was a proof to the poorwifeof will grow here, and will also pay par- relish excites the appetite
And the wind that sped them all night long the pledge, for ticular attention to cane an excellent ,
his intention to keep sugar grow-
'Ruffled the waves of dew. and all who have tried it say it is
The little stars were the herring fish she knew it must have been hard workto ing, making syrup and sugar. Mr. The
That lived in that wherever beautiful sea;wish- come home sober with money in his Gato has brought men to work the a great promoter of digestion.
Now cast your nets you reason why this
Sentinel see no
pocket. can
afeared we!
who entirely
So cried the stars to the fishermen three: Need I tell you that the signature on place are pickle should not supplant all others
Wynken the pledge was never dishonored? It with the culture, caring and curing of to Florida.

And Blynken Nod., meant a happy home, new hope for the tobacco, and know all about the sugar I that have to be brought- in the

despairing wife, respect, prosperity andGod's business from beginning to end. Thereis There, should be big money
All night long their nets they threw blessing. doubt in our mind that these business, and the Sentinel hopes to
-To the stars in the twinkling foam, And He felt as if he had done no into.-
Hugh extensively
it gone
the wooden shoe, see more
Then down from the skies came work of his practical men will make a success of '
home the grandest temperance
Bringing the fishermen ; South Florida Sentinel.
'Twas 011 so pretty a sail,it seemed life, though he lived to be a successful this enterprise, and we will watch the
As if it could not be, dream temperance worker, when he persuadedold venture with great interest.Manatee The improvements in the State Ag-
a they'ddreamed
And. some folk thought''twas Tom to sign that check.Young Peo- Advocate.Mr. ricultural and Mechanical College that

Of sailing that beautiful sea; ple's Weekly. have been going on during vacationare
But I shall name Wynken you the fishermen, three, Robert Murrell, the orange well under way. The interests of

Blynken, buyer and shipper, has contracted for the students have received first atten

And Nod. {State ]Jfeitfs 50,000 boxes of fruit at prices ranging tion. Fourteen new rooms have been

and Blynken are two little eyes, box. He dis
Wynken from 850. to $1.40 per
"" NXV< -v barracks. Theyare
N V 1N > the
% in
And Nod is a little head, X > Vrf > % V Nrf placed new
And the wooden shoe that Railed the sides The canning factory is now in ful posed of his purchase in the Manatee the finest on the grounds. New

So Is shut a wee your one's eyes trundle while mother bed. sings, blast, canning guavas anti making] country at an advance of$2,000, without sets of furniture, consisting of tables,

Of wonderful sights that be, jelly. This factory can'supply tbe touching an orange, with an offer wardrobes and chairs, will be furnished

And As you you shall rock in see the the misty beautiful sea,things, whole State with guavas and not pu of $150 per month to superintend the throughout. The chapel is being
Where the old shoe rocked the fishermen three : and 6f the
Wynken, up half that grow here.-Ft. Myer packing shipping crop. ceiled with steel, which, when com-

Blynken, Press. Mr. C. W. White, of Citra, the most pleted will be one of the finest audito-
And Nod. dealer is said to have contracted -
-Kugene Field, in Longman's Journal. Gen. Elias Earle, of Earleton, own extensive riums in tie! State. The departmentof

.* two fine orange groves, one at Earle for 100,000 boxes, paying for natural history is having its room

A Check Worth Millions.It ton and the other on the opposite sid Manatee oranges $1.50 a box. Alfred enlarged. The museum will all be
la not everybody who can sign ;a Ayer on Lake Weir, sold his crop for
of Lake Santa Fe, in Bradford county collected together in one large room.
will be honored at the bank
check that the has it
trees. Report
He has just sold the oranges on the $1,500 on Considerable 'equipment for student
lie in the of
but it does power everybody; will
to sign such a check as that_ "Old trees in these groves for 3500. that Captain Carney ship 8ooc work_is also being added. The de

signed. To ea' too, it may be of Gainesville Leader. boxes of oranges from his grove. partment of mathematics has enlargedits

greater value than;> bank check, just aFt Ocala Banner.C. to accommodate an in-

was to "Old Tom." Old Tom had gon who returned to the quarters of students. The department
to the son of his employer for pay for hiS B. Gerwick, creased number
labor. city yesterday from Horr's island, has of history will receive new

'Til fill out this check for you, Tom,'" been putting in his vacation over there charts to be used in teaching that

said the young man, "if you will wai planting pine slips. He has set out subject. The mechanical department

a me fill out It for is the signed amount, and if father he wasn'told several thousand dozen, and it is the has been much improved. The partition

here. Two and,a half, isn't it?" intention of Captain Horr to have one has been removed, a model tool

Old '.:Tom took up the check in his hundred acres planted in the near future room' constructed and general rearrangement

trembling fingers and looked at the< ; and when the fruit matures he in the interior. The blacksmith -

straight, business-like signature will establish a canning factory here, ; shop is placing three forges and
"Just to think that his name is gooc where the luscious fruit can be preserved iccompaning equipments, while in the
for thousands of dollars!1" he muttered,
.: when it is fully matured, thereby end of the wood shop a complete
... half to himself and half to the bright By rigging an extra pulley on the rear
faced boy who stood beside the desk" to bring the chair saving all its fine flavor. There is no outfit for giving instructions and practice -

with his pen in his hand, ready to fill out well curb, so level as with the house and doubt that such an industry will be of in tin work is being placed in
check. "And -when we were< down on a ,
the yet,
material benefit to City Reporter.
city, position.-Lake,
instead of very
boys together I was as good as he was attaching a flour halfbarrel, .. .
to goodly -
afford a
and chances in life wen side tc will employment
any day, ,my a bucket, weighted on one
just as good. It's drink that has made make it fill the writer bailed out hi: lumber of our citizens, and cane Horsford's Acid Phosphate
Well it's'too late to institution. Wewish Energy to the Brain,
all the difference. made a paying Imparts New
well easily by horse power, when twc giving the feeling and sense of Increased
it ;
.- help now and
"No. it isn't too late,Tom,"cried Hugl hands had previously failed to exhaust the captain every success, Intellectual power.

Evans, earnestly. He knew the sad the supply of water. Wells should be --

story of this man's gradual descent from frequently bailed at this season as a Accompanying i is a portrait of the late Prof. Ed

an honorable, respected life to the leve sanitary measure.-Gainesville Sun.. ward E. Phelps, M. D., LL. D.of Dartmouth
,of a common drunkard, and he felt an ,
Henschen at College. He was a strong,able man,who stood
impetuous desire to help him,boy thougl Mr. Josef postmaster -
he was. "I heard father say, only to Oakland, called yesterday evening, high in the literary and scientific worlds. It is not

day, that if you would sign the pledge he< accompanied by Prof. E. Lonnberg, a *. : generally known,but it isnevertheless,the truththat
would trust you to keep,and he would Prof. Phelps was the discoverer of what is
in the
who is here
scientist ;
D i.
give steady work and good pay. and Chemists
you 6l known to the Medical profession
sign it, Tom. I have a blank here. It Interest of his government, and
Paine's Celery Compound,unquestionably
universally as
wilhmake' such a difference, not only to whom frequent mention has been
{ valuable discoveries
of the most
you, but to your wife and children, if made in the Reporter. The Professoris one
will." _' of this century. This remarkable compound is
you the Gulf coast to make a s
A gleam of hope lighted up the din going to not a nervine, an essence a sarsaparilla, or any
eyes but it died out in an instant, anc collection of sea animals and insects devised article, but a discovery: and it marks a

Tom shook his head. for the prosecution of his researches r distinct step in medical practice and the treat

Some other day, Hugh. Some other into the entomology of this portion of ment of nervous complications,and the greatestof
for the
I must treat friends
day. my the State.-Orlando Reporter. has been
all modern diseases-Paresis. It
I'll have little
last time and a money
Rive me the Richards of freely admitted by the best medical talent in the
you see, when IOU Capt. Thomas E. .
check. Some dav I will, but not now" Eden, has bought the place known as __ __ __ land,and also by the leading chemists and scien-
"Don't put it off,Tom,"pleaded Hugh,, from Mr. urriTB tists that for nervous troubles, nervous exhaust-
putting the pledge before the man, and Palm Cottage at point The Late PROF. PHELPS.ionfinsomnia, debility,senility, and eYeD the

giving him the pen. "Why; don't you Lewis P. Tibbals, of New York. It dreaded and terrible Paresis, nothing has ever been discovered which reaches the disorderand
see it's as good as a check! Sign it, and seems the pineapple king although *. '
restores health equal to this discovery of Prof. Phelps.
it means health, comfort and a good living possessed of several hundred acres

,,which you could make well enough rf land, is still anxious to add; to his s who hare rinftationa of to&Dy 2oMy
. would let drink alone and respect DON'T BE FOOLED "
11'00e"ery if you one that knows,you. Why, store. The same is true of his pine egsatsuu Diamaxidlor FAMILY AND FANOYDYE. ;

.. ,
.. r


[TTTT. I =

-, .
: ,;'-.":--p- '._ ,. :

.. :. ,;": .

When we arrived we handed over much moisture, and the ground will Weights t and'Measures._ .

:. Our Rural I Jlome.! our package, and received in return a not hold it, so most of them are plant- The following weights and measuresfor /

-- small bag of beans, which we were boxes. That dear little verbena kitcken use have been prepared by

Taking Things Hard. informed was our purse, each bean beside the path came from near Zion, Mrs. Lincoln:

..}fo "'.Our Rural Home. being five cents. Fla.; it only blooms in the spring; it is Four saltspoonfuls of liquid-One..tea-
Between there a light blue and at Zion '
Apropos of the complaints often talking-for were lovely grows spoonful.Four
several young ladies present-and wild; miles and miles are covered with teaspoonfuls of liquid-One table-
made by wives I send a I
you scrap spoonful. .
the -time Miss Verbena. Oleander standsup ;
counting money, passed rapidly Young
find among some very'old papers thatI Three teaspoonfuls of dry material-
auctioneer arrived. there if of his feet
until the
think simplifies the question. I intended : as proud twenty One tablespoonfuL ." ,
to give opinion of the He was dressed typical hoosier fashion reared in the air; he is covered now ,Four tablespoonfuls of liquid--One
you my long linen duster, big straw hat, with pure white blossoms, hundreds of wine glass, one-half gill, or one-quarter
facts in Rural Home department
your and his well I won't them. His sister yonder has more blos- cupful. _
jewelry, attemptto ,
but think this clipping is just to the Two one half
gills-One cupful, or -
point. MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. describe his jewelry, suffice it to soms than he,but they are pink and dou- pint. .
say there was almost fifteen pounds of ble and look,almost like a rose. Theyare Sixteen tablespoonfuls of liquid-one
How can a woman make herself it, not money value either. all beautiful, but the pure, sweet cupful. f.E:
over so as not to.take things hard? I After wiping his face with his huge Cape jasmine is more noticed than any Twelve tablespoonfuls dry matenalOne -

don't refer to the easy-going women, bandanna handkercief, for the eveningwas of us, she is so sweet, and one would cupful _
who come into life well buttered, like Eight heaping teaspoonfuls dry: material -
warm, he told us he<<:. was "direck feel her presence even if they could not -One'cupfuL _
hot biscuit, and with a daub of honeyto from Injianny, and had come down to see her. I am tired now and sleepy; the Four cupfuls of liquid-On0,quart:

help 'em along; I refer to nervous, show us crackers what a vandue wuz," sun is going down, and her soft rays Four cupfuls of flour-One pound, or

eager, impulsive women, whose blood and proceeded immediately to the fall on my eyes, lulling me to sleep. one quart. ,
has pepper in it, and whom destiny Good night.-L. E. P., in Vick'sMonthly. Two. cupfuls'of solid butter-One
pound. %
sale.The -
serves with mustard and sauce
caper first thing was a large square One-half cupful of butter-A quarterof
How such .
instead of honey. can a .
package which was "knocked down"to a pound. I.
woman train herself to a serene poiseof Miss Kochenderier, and on her Jams and Jellies.Por Two cupfuls of granulated. sugar.-one;.
mind wherein the besetting cares of Our Rural Home. pound. .
it disclosed excited
opening to our '
life affect her no more than shadows Permit a Florida housekeeper, who Two and a half cupfuls of powdered
small with tin
a hoop a goat suspended -
sugar- nepound.
affect the hills which they fly? has had little book but "
over it. learning, years
on a wire inside of Three cupfuls of meal One,pound.
There's many and many a woman' to- You would have thought time had of successful practice, to say a few I One pint of milk or water-One

day whom her neighbors call a scoldor turned backward in its flight to have words. I will first quote from Good pound. .

a slattern, or altogether unlovely, seen Miss Clara and little Shiny rolling Housekeeping: One pint: of chopped meat packed
whose life has to wreck on the It be laid down foundation pound.
that hoop from one to the other.I may Nine eggs-One pound .
her fatal essential that all the fruit used for large *
rocks just through facility to jams
Ten medium One
really have not time to tell you of eggs pound
and should be its kind
jellies perfect of ,
take things Butter the size of an egg-Two ounces,
all that was inside those mysterious well and For .
developed entirely ripe.
The frets and worriments of life are or a quarter of a cupfuL.
bundles. A large box containinga and stunted specimens from
very poor your One heaping tablespoonful of batter-;
the in the channel that make
snags quantity of and a diminutive garden and orchard, windfalls and half
ounces, or a quarter.ol'BcupfuLO
dreary ,wreck of peace and comfort. china doll. There were clowns that ripened fruits you may be*able to find round tablespoonful of butter-
From the time of teeth-cutting, when other uses if you are ingenious but do One ounce. .
squeaked and fans that were easily "
other ever had not risk your reputation by trying to
no baby so perilous a One heaping tablespoonful of'sugir-
broken a glass ladle which very make of them A failurein
soup jellies or jams.
time, down to the welcome hour when One ounce. ,
fortunately went to a gentleman. The such a case is a foreordained result. Two round table poonfaJa' of flour-
'death stands at the
knocking outer One of the most common errors, both
wealth of the party was almost untolda One ounce. r
gate, these women always have a hard scrubbing brush was sold for six in making jams and jellies, is to add too Two round tablespoonfuls of" >coffee--;
time of it. A disappointment that,to much sugar. The usual rule, pound for One ounce. ,. ,
hundred and small bottle of
a per be tolerated with the tart
a less sensitive nature causes but a pound may Two round tablespoonf uls of powdered
fumery went as high as two thousand : fruits, but with the sweeter kinds a less
One "
transient pang, to them brings hope-: dollars. I proportion of the sugar is preferable, sugar One-teaspoonful ounce. of liquid-Onehalfounce.
less despair. A domestic tiff means bSI especially for jams. Too little sugar in .-Good Housekeeping. .
eternal disruption; an ordinary head- My Florida Home. the preparation of jams is to be decidedly '

ache is congestion; a summer shower My "Florida home," how dear to preferred to too much.

brings the deluge and every cloud me are these words. Home where I This is true. For making jam good

foretells a tempest. These unfortu- was born and have always lived. I ama fruit, properly cooked down and strong,

nates find no rest and yield none. Southern flower, a pure white lily of needs very little more sugar than

They are always vibrating like the the valley; I grow close to the edge of canned fruit, though I always put

chords of a: harp rudely smitten. Theyare the west veranda of my mistress' house; into my fruit before I can it all thatit

stabbed a dozen, times a day by lam not tall nor stately,but my cousin is ever to have, and I like pretty

idle words that were not meant to over there in that little red bed surrounded plenty, too. The perfection of all

wound. by conch shells is. Her name fruit preparations is, not to drown

They are slighted, insulted and is Lilium Harrisii i; she came from Ber- them with sugar-only use enough to ...

snubbed, according to their morbid muda, and only blooms near Easter; make them keep good. r
notion, when nobody ever intended to she is the sweetest, dearest thing in But in jellies you'must not spare the

molest them. They go through life the whole world to me; but I am nearly sugar. I tried Rev. Lyman Phelps'

like a lobster without its shell Their I forgetting the Chinese sacred lily; recipe for guava jelly, but it would not ; ..
skin is thinner than rice paper; their she is handsome and she knows it; she "jell;" it only m: de treacle. Then I When,"old Sol" makes all thine*'**

heart is pinned upon their sleeve. sits up in her mound of rocks and went back to my old rule-pint for Drink Hires' Root Beer.

Every breeze buffets them every task bathes in her marble fountain the whole pint-and it "jelled", to perfection.You When Drink dull care Hires'makes Root life Beer.a fizzle.

.. smites them with a whip of many day long, sometimes speaking to pink could lay the glass on its side and When you feel a little dry ,

thongs, every vulture of care has its spider lily who grows in the groundnear the jelly would not move a quarter of When you're cross. nd don't know way, '
beak in their heartt and, I think, at her side. These are the only an inch; you could turn it bottom When with thirst the children cry '
last the cool touch of death upon their lilies which live in this garden. Not far side up. There's a sweet relief to try-
HircsRoot Beer.
brow must be like the soft hand of a from me stands a lovely Archduchess I I For blackberry jelly I take a pintof A cent Drink Package makes'five pJIO..n
25 ,
mother upon the fevered forehead Isabella rose nodding her cream and juice and a pint of sugar, lacking

that finds no surcease from pain's deli. pink face in the orange-scented air; about an inch of the top. Russet NORTH CAROLINA' COLLEGEMT. / J

rium. she is three old she pint for pint. Crabapples
S only years ; came apples, .FLBASABT, XK. C.
PSI- all the way from West Grove, Pa.; she pint for pint. Apples not quite so K tMttfc .btcta i 8 *.1. aMIo 1.214 iputter \
Florida Bummer Pastimes. is now over four feet tall and blooms tart, a little less sugar. The same u4Pbil '

The Kissimmee Leader describes almost constantly. There are some with other fruits, in proportion to their brick bnflQinp? lactnotka for Collect, Bealltit thatwvfc. OeauMrdLeoaiML &Ad :and lar...y.....q.., ', s.z.&a.I.
: two entertainments lately that Madagascar periwinkles that came tartness.A '-"of2l8WWa. ..oo.F .
town, which seem to have afforded the from Jupiter, Fla., where they cover jellymaker is born, not made. I .a aa AD4 .

participants much pleasure. Oce oj the banks with their pink bloom, and am ignorant compared with some of b1. x
them ,was are all over the grounds of the hotel, the learned writers in the Rural Home, d00R H i

AN AUCTION PARTY. \ down to the very water's edge. That but I do know how to make jelly.At TREES ; PLANTS

Each one was asked to bring something small cactus there in that box came the proper time I will send you DC! a.. Mo.i.

the funnier the better, done up from Chicago, 111.; it was brought on lovely recipes for orange and straw, WsutT V!: ; >f+N aD'tIt"R.a d .'.",.

in a package so no one could tell whatit cars in a lunch basket. A whole box berry jellies. MRS. MADGE. v ,..i1t : Via
.'. ... tr'r. .J
was/'io' article must cost over ten full of coleus stands over there; theyare Sick-Headache BSECHAM'S- KU3 will relieve. P NURSERYCOMPANY
cents:! hard to grow here;%they need' so IMO -M. 4 mUI LTrls.. co.)LOOSLIZOL. Dol.-

f.' '-, _
-- 0-

.,. 9



.', '. ,
: ',':-

<}GROVE AND ORCHARD.. At present the oranges of the Bahamas Stirring the Soil after Rains. July, 1892, of the State College of
.... handled /
are roughly being generally
-Dried IeConte Pears. shipped in bulk in vessels' holds, and I found during my studies of soil. Kentucky, page u, section 4: .
often without The fruitis moisture, when taking samples of soil CAROLINA
The lateness compartments. SOUTH AND FLORIDA ROCK.
of the LeConte
pear in equal to any in the world, and_ when, just before a rain, and again immediately I "The mineral of
the.South this year tnrew the crop on for the most part, it receives no attention ] after in the same localities, that sources phosphate
the result of careful cultivation are with great difficulty decomposedin
the hands of several
the occasions
on the soil
grower to a at some

could not fail to be remunerative. The the soil, and so slowly that it does
erable extent as the Carolina and facilities for distance below the surface was dryer
production are fully up to not pay to put these ground rocks on
other pears began to arrive and sup- those in Florida and the colony is entirely after than before the rain. I found, the soil before putting them through a
free from all risk of frost, whichso also, on two different occasions, by
plant them in the process which will make the most of
markets. Florida often blights the Florida The
crop. determining the amount of water in
":growers are so accustomed to receiv success of the industry in this colony the phosphoric acid available to the
of fi'eldsoil down
an area to
a depth
the of the would be partial, however. until the plant."
ing cream prices /or, their
of four feet and then
proper system of packing were adopted adding with a
early products that when 5. "In order to make these
"' happen to insure delivery at market in good con- sprinkler a known quantity of water :
to be in various phosphates more rapid in their
disappointed this
respect they dition. With this point secured and the to the surface, that after the lapse of
will generally do little or nothing with advantage of*steam communication, about twenty-four hours the lower three action tney are treated with sulphuric]
their crop, except to give: it to their which is fast becoming available, orange feet less acid. which converts the insoluble
Contained than before
friends or sell a few bushels in the growing should be a profitable source of water phosphate into a soluble phosphate of
occurred while the
local markets. employment.Tomatoes I sprinkling lime."
are grown to a moderate ex-*! upper foot had gained more than had -
. Notsodid\lr. Trueblood, of Archer. tent, but the production might be largely been added to the surface. I believe it is not disputed that the

He procured a Bay State Apple Parer increased, and when more intelligent These facts make it evident. that great aim of the orange grower is to
% and a Gem Steam Evaporator and enterprise from abroad, of which the reduce the quantity and size of the
prospect is now encouraging, if brought there may be times when to leave a
evaporated his pears. He used seed and thickness of the rind.
to bear piece of unstirred three
the various
on opportunities for ground two or
chemicals whatever but This being so let us proceed to
put them into steady money making in the colony, its days after a shower may result in leaving ,
the evaporator as soon as cut, whichprevented history will become, distinguished for the four five feet of soil find how the 17 per cent. of phosphoricacid
them from oxidizing and more than the transformation its famous upper contained in the ash element of
-t"turning dark. A sample of them forwarded fiber- is effecting. in a dryer condition than if it had not the fruit is distributed l, when the result
>' to It is to be regretted, the Governor remarks rained at all, because not only will the I will follows
us, on being submitted appear as :
that of the rain itself have been from
a leading many young Englishmen evaporated Fruit ju' ..._...__._____... cent
first.class grocer, were pronounced who embarked in orange growing the surface, but in addition some portion Seed................_._....__._..__...33 07 24 per per cent
; good,as any of the Califor in Florida, with chequered results, and of the deeper soil-water which Rind skin and fibrous tissues._... .5.69.per cent
nia fruit-better in fact because of those also who sought their fortunes
not Thus when
the rain was the occasion an orange grower
in South America, some at least had not bringingup
sulphured to
: ;worth .a sickly white-and found their way to this colony, where from below. If the surface is purchases a fertilizer containing an

at least eighteen. or twenty. centsa energy and thrift, applied to the various broken as soon as the soil will permit excess of phosphoric acid, he actuallypays
pound. resources, can hardly fail to be rewarded, 'of it, there will be retained near the out good money to stimulate the

*. The sample, uncooked, as received, and where personal rights and property surface, where the moisture is most development of seed and rind. (See
under the
appeared to be what protection of British laws
housewives callsugardried. 1 and needed not of the rain Bulletin No. 17, Experiment Stationof
administration, a consideration to only most
light : They were of good, which the history of the southern republics which fell, but in addition that which Florida, as to quantity of phosphoricacid
but rich color, very sweet and during the past two or three the increased capillary action has needed in an orange tree fer
", pleasant to !the_taste, but a little tough years has given striking significance. brought up from below.-PROF. F. tilizer.) _

ana Insoluble tor so brittle a fruit as H. KING. Of course, Mr. Editor, I am open

the pear. But on being soaked over Far Southern Fruits. to conviction and subject; to correctionas

'night'and stewed all the toughness Among the most interesting fruits To Orange; Growers.I this is written pro bono pubhco,

passed away, and we had ajeally nice, and vegetables found in the Key West think it best not to give the soil inviting discussion.-Orlando Traversde
and delicate dish of fruit, the of Giorgi-Bertola in DeLand Record.
syrup and Havana markets is the of Florida credit as containing of
which reminded us not a little of the chayotU or any .

maple molasses so keenly relished: in chocho (sechiujn edule) and the canisU the essentials needed by the orange, Stunted Pineapples.The .

the "sugar camp" shanty of boyhood. 'or canistcl, a fruit best known in South and to accept as a fact that to successfully pineapple cannot be consideredas

Most-cooks will err in not' cooking Florida as the ties or fiesta, or sometimes grow oranges the whole of the a perfectly safe crop in Florida
,these dried pears long enough. They 'as egg-fruit, a most appropriatename ash elements exported by the crop north of the twenty-eighth degree of
should be stewed steadily and slowly as nothing could more resemble
latitude. Its cultivation is sometimes
must be returned to the soil whatis
:for twp hours, and not drowned in the yolk of a hard boiled egg in taste plus attempted a full degree north of this

sugar, either, though the amount of and appearance than does the pulp of taken up by the roots, stem, branches limit with winter protection, and

the latter is .purely? a matter of taste. this fruit. There has been some little and leaves.A unless the thermometer sinks below
-ED.."._. ,C"; doubt about the proper botanical name sample of Mr. Curtis' fruit was thirty degrees they will pass throughthe

,Fruit| Growing in the Bahamas. of the tree producing this fruit; it was in March, 1886, analyzed by the Connecticut winter unhurt. Being allowed

Editor. Fanner and Fruit-Grower; thought at first by Prof. Asa Gray to experimental station, vide ample space and freely manured, the
Thinking be Sapota dongata a fruit about which plants attain large size and produce
you Consider the
may ap- but little is known but Bulletin No. 87, when it was found
penned article from the Lundon Times more recent fruits from four to nine pounds in
(England) weekly edition of August investigations have decided that it is that the ash element of the orange weight varying according to the vari

'"12, 1892, of sufficient interest to probably Lcuuma rivicoa, var. an usti- gave the following results :

readers;as indicating a new and prob your, golia, (Lucuma ntrvosa, DeCandolle). Ammonia. .... ...............12 per cent. ety.Pineapples are commonly protectedby
ably before long ,rather dangerous Its identity, however, is not definitely Potash ... .: . ...38.50 erecting a horizontal platform of
.<*commercial rival, I clipped and settled as yet. The foliage, fruit, Phosphoric acid. ....... ..17 small poles or laths, supported by
close. H. W. O. MARGARV.en seed, and .manner of growth and germination Lime .. . .. . .......23 posts, and elevated high enough so as
Eustis, Fla. -. 1 are those of .a Lucuma of All the ammonia does not need to not to interfere with the upward

-' In a report to the Colonial Office, the some species, evidently. The tree is be returned to the soil, as the trees growth of the plants. This platformis

.eGovernor the Sir Ambrose Shea, states that usually little more than a good sized take up a quantity from the dews and closely covered with palm leaves

fruit Bahamas growing.offer great inducements for bush, and had produced fruit previous rains, but the potash, lime and phos during the winter, and forms a good
ent the Pineapples are at pres- I to the freeze of 1886 in the Tampaand phoric acid must all be replaced whenit protection light frosts. A
.t.,........._:.; t principal.__ I_ crop, but. the_ particular Clearwater regions. ; against
r.' &fPUUU 01 mna required -for- their becomes apparent that to properly slight shade is always allowed during
culture is a *limited quantity. Of late Though Key West is supposed to feed the orange tree a fertilizer must summer. This, it is claimed, enhancesthe

3'pr9yed jars the, growth, > has been much im- be in Florida, one gets nothing in the be used containing two thirds more value of the fruit, causing it to be

: considerable by Ule increase use of of fertilizers quantify.? with a market but Cuban oranges. They are potash than phosphoric acid and one. more tender and juicy than it wouldbe

.., ?crop yields Jarge profits. At 2d-each The an at their best in December, but still, as third more lime than phosphoric acid if exposed to the full force of the

-acre of pineapples returns .:40 to .t45, whole, they are thicker skinned and plus the ammonia.It sun throughout the summer. The

,.iCnd able though precarious, from its perish- more insipid than Florida oranges, is therefore on its face erroneousto plants are usually grown in beds

sible,nature it will, continue while such results are pos though we suppose we are not entirely believe that phosphate alone can eight to ten feet in width; the covering
to be
pu uit. The Governor does an attractive not however unprejudiced. ,The stem end of most give good results; however, when we is thus easily applied.

desire to see it extended, ,as the- of them, even then, is almost entirely come to soft phosphate, or any other North of the latitude mentioned

'sole.means of the cultivators, beyond its devoid of juice, and it is hard to finda undissolved phosphate, I unhesitat- pineapple production in the open field

*,. Present limits; for the increasing competition Florida orange in December that is ingly state that none of it is soluble does not appear promising, unless in

y? element l of of Cuba and Jamaica' is a further not juicy from one end to the other. and ready for plant food, and in this exceptionally favored places and under

v.* ,-Jhis industry.insecurity in the future, of By the months of April and May the assertion I am borne out by such men I the best conditions of culture. In the
i 7: tIn oranges.a good business might" be Cuban orange becomes' tasteless as as Messrs. Lawes and Gilbert,by Prof.S. plantations visited, on an island near

'LS&IV& He.accounts of,. loridamterpris0in Florida oranges* were ;after the freezeof AV. Johnson, Atwater Sturtevant, the southern junction of the Indian.

..:* "*J''i T'-"*,**this* *....fruit.' are. ,'.&- fair., criterion., Wf... 1886, .,George Viltej and Bulletin No. 41 of I and Banana rivers, the plants appear




\ ... .

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to be set about eighteen inches apart, the Royal Botanical Gardens, Breslau, planted by the French, who settled commands from 75 cents to $i per
\ in maSses, thus preventing effective where the leatned director immediately Vincennes about 1735 and for years dozen at the city fruit..stands.So .
:: cultivation. The brown and bleached recognized it as a species of Raffle were the only tenants of those vast far no cases of blight hare appeared .
1 aspect of the l leaves indicate injury sia, a plant formerly discovered in solitudes except the tribes of Indians in this section, where all the
from cold weather. The fruits are Sumatra and named after the English with whom they were on friendlyterms. trees now growing were grown by being -
mostly small, and having to enter Governor Sir Stamford Raffles The Pear trees planted by French grafted upon seedling pear stocks.P. .
markets in competition with fruits of new flower was accordingly named settlers in an early day, at Detroit andat J. BERCKMANS.
the same kind imported from the West Rafflesia Schadenbergia. The five St. Louis are said to be still standing ->.. i
Indies, which sometimes sell at prices : petals of this immense flower are oval and in good condition. More at- a tonic or LADIESNeeding children who want bonding
not much above those given for the and creamy white, and grow round a tention should have been given to DRO'VN'SIRON np.should BITTERS.It take .
best oranges, the profits are 'not center field with countless long, violet- raising seedlings from these remarkably is pleasant: cure Malaria Indigestion,
encouraging.When hued stamens, thicker and longer in healthy trees. Biliousness Lirer Complaints. I and Neuralgia."
plants are allowed space for the fertile flower than in the infertile. The Shugert tree was in all proba- Bearing Fruit Trees. .
i full development, and due attention -American Cultivator. bility the largest pear tree in the United We have never found a better
given to the slight protection neces- States. It was not the oldest, how to judge of the bearing of young fruit way
sary during the winter, fruits weighingfrom The Monster Pear Tree. ever. The Stuyvesant pear tree (as trees, and to decide whether they are
six to ten pounds are produced, In the Stockman of September 24, it was. long called), planted by Gov. bearing too little or too much than to
and these command remunerative 1891, a correspondent, "C.," of Washington i Stuyvesant of the Dutch colony of observe the length of the annual shoots.
prices. Wil. SAUN1>ERS. county, Pa., gives an accountof New Amsterdam, on his farm, now The treatment is then to be given in
J a pear tree of immense size whichhe included in the city of New York, accordance with the result of this ex-
'! Legal Warfare Against Weeds and saw on the farm of a Mr. Shugert, was over two hundred years old when amination. If the growth is slow mel-
;: Insects. in Western Indiana forty years or so destroyed in 1867; but it was not of low culture or fertililizers will be nec-
'! We have called the efforts to get rid ago, and asks if any one can tell extraordinary size.-National Stock- If as generally slow
essary. happens,
of weeds insects and diseases whether it is still living. .
fungus man. growers,bear too much, thin out most
by law, "vicious," because the Wishing to find out the full historyof I 4 or all the fruit when small, which will
execution is generally in the hands of so interesting a tree a correspondence The Kieffer Pear. aid in giving the trees more vigor, and
; i ignorant persons, who draw large salaries was begun with persons in different The past season has again fully de what little fruit there is will be worth
I and do no appreciable good. localities in the section indicatedby monstrated the great value of this fruit more than the numerous small and .
There are just as many daisies and "C.;" andafter a search of eleven for the Southern States. Numerous scrubby specimens. Small growth and
buttercups in the pastures of Penn- months it has resulted in success. We Louisiana Mississippi and
reports from Texas, too much small fruit go together,
-sylvania as before tie "weed law" was have finally found Mr. Jacob A. Shu- South Carolina, Alabama and i thrifty growth furnishes a few large
F passed and it is. In the gert, son of the gentleman on whose
so ever Georgia are most favorable as to re- and fine ones. If the annual shootsare
effort to keep insects and diseases of farm the tree stood, and who grew to sults. As a fall pear there is no variety not over a foot long in the early
fruit trees out of California the San manhood there though now residingat
as yet disseminated which has yeras of fruit trees more vigor must
" Francisco Chronicle boasts that last a distance.Mr. given such profitable returns, and the be given them. Nothing better than
season $11,000 worth of Eastern Shugert writes: "The tree stood wonderful fertility of the trees is sur- top dressing with barn manure late in
nursery stock infested with yellowsand twelve miles north of Vincennes, Ind. I of in
i prising. Many our trees plantedfour autumn or early winter.-Country
plum curculio was burned. How It measured eleven feet ten inches in years since have yielded as highas Gentleman.
any one could tell that a one.year-old circumference some distance above the three bushels of perfect fruit.
peach tree packed in a case had the ground and was sixty-six feet high.At .
It is unfortunate that the real meritsof WORTH A QUPHPA A 80: 1
yellows, or how they discovered the ejght feet from the ground eight this fruit have been underestimated ... I>.- 1
l larvae of the curculio on a plum tree, limbs branched out, of about equal from the haste in which it is hurriedto Sleepy. j |
is marvelous. But this is the way size and length, forming a complete market in an immature condition,
these legal experts work.No maga circle and balancing the tree to per. and often before it has attained proper uamantzarowq! !
zine is more ready to aid in getting rid fection. The branches covered an size. When allowed to hang upon :: :;:; in time! !
of weeds fungi destructive area of sixty-five feet in diameter, and after food; ;
parasitic or the: tree until the beginning of October night' sleep,
insects than Meehan's when loaded with fruit the l lower ones '
Monthly, or and then carefully ripened in a then't lndif -
would more earnestly second intelli- nearly touched the ground. It bore cool dark room, there are few pears w tion tnd stomach
gent effort; but these wild attempts are nearly every year. The fruit was of which are more attractive, and in 'disorder.BEECHAM'S.
certainly vicious and barbar s.- fair size and pretty good quality. It point of quality it combines extreme
Meehan's Monthly. was called Sugar pear (which of course juiciness with a sprightly sub-acid
-MS* was a local name). The history of the flavor and the peculiar aroma of the
; The Largest Flower In the World tree is as follows: Mrs. Ockletree, P LLS DT remoTing the waste,J, |
Bartlett; it is then an excellent des- I! matter which U doC- [
4 In Mindinac, the farthest southeastern wife of the man who located the farm, fruit. As its value market S ing the arstem.will cure" all BlUou.nnd i
sert to as a
* island in the Phillipine group, upon stopped at Vincennes with a man by fruit it commands on an average $1 1 1(piety Nerrons nUera 1ek Headache.Covered ; ;|
one of its mountains,the volcano Apo, the name of Mayse. In the evening, per bushel when shipped in an immature I with a Tattdesa aa4 Sftbftl 1 ll wWl, ;
a party of botanical and ethnographical when she got on her horse to return stage and is then considered as a <;of all New drngtfit York Depot.Price 865 2ft canal ants Bt.a ; ;
explorers found recently, at the home Mr. Mayse went to a pear' tree second class cooking fruit. If marketed & % % % *

height 2,500 feet above the sea level, near by, pulled up a sprout and gaveit after being house-ripened, $3 FREE ..
t a colossal flower. The discoverer, Dr. to her for a riding switch. Going per bushel has been realized if sold in
Alexander Schadenberg,could scarcely home Mrs. Ockletree noticed a small quantities, and at retail it readilyOQQgoggggogggggggoOOOOOQQa
believe his eyes when he saw amid the root on the switch and on arriving A Life Size Crayon Portrait of
low-growing bushes the immense buds there planted it in the garden, and it yourself or friends, FREE. In
of this flower, growing like gigantic grew to be the noted tree. About thirty order to introduce our work in
cabbage heads* But he was still more years ago the tree was destroyed by a I_ Fraud BUYERS ON Fruit \Wrappers\ your section of the country we
astonished when he found a specimenin storm, all the limb and part of the 0 0 I _I will for a short period make, freeW "
full bloom, a five petalled flower trunk: being blown down. At that I of charge to any one sending in a 9)
nearly a yard in diameter as large as a time it was considered to be seventy S NO MORE CHEATING, photograph, a Life Size Crayon _.
carriage wheel,in fact. This enormous years old. Afterward a sprout came Consumers, of Fruit Wrappers may Portrait Free. Likeness guaran-
blossom borne of vine the of the of the now know that they get an honest Cream U' made
was on a sort out at top portion teed. Our crayons are by a
of 480 sheets and not 400 or 330X JJm
t creeping on the ground. The native trunk left standing and grew to be as I sheets to ream as some unscrupulous IV skillful artist, and are a work or.I
who attended Dr. Schadenberg calledit large as a common sized pear tree and <5 dealers supply. I U- art. This offer good for only a .
a "bolo. The party had no scale fruited every year.. It finally died L.| l short time-if you want to take '
which the weight of the flower couldbe ( and | OUR FAIR AND SQUARE c .".
'" by two years ago (1890)), was cut advantage of it, send in your photograph
ascertained, but they improvised a down and burned. I was living on 5 Wrappers are put up in packages of gj at once to .
swinging scale, using their boxes and : the farm in 1854, 1855 etc. A great O 1000< each and each Wrapper is numbered r> ,
; specimens as weights. Weighing three i many came to'see the tree. My father 3 in printing,consecutively from C fIGf GADS: A$T CO.,
1 to 1000. No g
when-opportunity served, it was found died on the farm in 1876 aged 76 one can jf
,111 .
that a single flower weighed overt years. I was born in McConnelsville, HONESTLY BEAT | 122 Qulncy St. CIcago *

twenty-two pounds. It was impossibleto 0., in 1835. I left the farm where 3 our prices. Send for samples and FREE !
,, -. transport the fresh flower, so the the pear tree grew in 1874, bought a 3 prices to I _
travelers photographed it, and dried a farm adjoining and lived there until | Co. BETHEL CLASSICAL and BUTfflM v
number of its leaves by the heat of a 1885." The Jersey City Printing ..:DEJM'Y.torDn .

,fire. Dr. Schadenberg then sent the The original tree from which the 5 JERSEY CITY, N. J. s;I C6Wep.. .a44nte. ..u401a" .,. ...
photographs and dried specimens of sprout was' pulled up was po doubt t) k.A.MCUTTBB,B.u> i Acadnar.Sa. -



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:.;. ALLIANCE :\: ; .



'. O .GlQi Of TflE, STATE ffllpEtS{ BHtfflflCE flfll) qmusTtURh U1UOlL : '-', ,
.VoLVL "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth., No. 87
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:= Silver. gusting nonsense. It remained for ;a life, which have since been followed cent bearing obligations. Will the
.". In addition to the brief statement National convention, packed and dictated with success. Democrats by reforming the tariff accomplish -

made last week, it may be worth while by Wall Street and the Eastern However desirable it may be. to havea < these results?
railroad rings to set afloat such ;a change of administration, that of I am and always' have been a free
.'3o say that, under the present regula- heresy. itself will not complete any great re trader. I cannot, however, believe
ions, the Secretary of the Treasury i is: The friends of National banks have I. forms. The Nation: is made up of that the tariff is responsible for the ex-
'/. authorized and required to purchase during almost thirty years succeeded individuals, and the general gQvern- isting depression: of Southern agriculture. -
; each month 4,5oo,000.ounces of silver: most shamefully in making j a ment is such as each one makes it. Here are my reasons:
.' .at its market value, and issue therefor; large class of duped and ignorant Like the Scotchman who was taken to My last year's cotton crop averagedseven
1 Treasury notes redeemable in coin. voters believe.that the National bank- task by his minister for overindul- cents. Ten year ago cotton in
._ This purchase, together with the consumption ing system must be preserved, even i ia if gence, retorted by asking if the minister this market sold for ten cents. It took
in the arts, is supposed to I permanent National debt had to be knew how it came about that the seven and a half pounds of cotton to
absorb about the current production provided as a basis for circulation, for streets of Jerusalem were kept so tidy, buy a goose neck hoe then; now five
'ofsilver in the United States. .... and half pounds of cotton buys the
fear that a worse system would take and informed his critic that it was accomplished a
,. '. But.the purchase of silver is not free< its place. For years politicians were by each one keeping the same kind of hoe. Nails in 1880 were
: coinage, say the advocates of the latter employed to publish to the people? < space before his own door clean $4 per keg, requiring forty pounds of
::. ; and it requires the recognition by that legal tender treasury: notes had cotton to pay for them. Now nails
"",1 the t government the parity of silver I been declared by our highest judicial What is a Living Worth? are $2.50 per keg, and thirty poundsof
". with gold, for coinage purposes, on an authority"unconstitutional; and illegal The special report on retail prices cotton will buy them. Then I paid
> agreed basis 1? -16 to*i in this countryto in time of peace." Since this became and wages by Senator Aldrich, from $15 per month for hands; now I have
.; restore to silver the absolute value known to intelligent people to be false the committee finance more than I can employ at $10 per
.. to which it was entitled by immemorial and that no such decision was ever senate on con- month. I find that everything that I
,usage prior to 1873. It is con- made or ever will be made, unless the tains some very interesting matter,, consume has decreased in value, as
,v fended that seventy cents' worth of, Supreme Court shall be packed like a among which we find the following well as my cotton and that it has not
: "silver bullion is not an "honest dol. caucus of rotten politicians on purpose summary of the average cost of food lost any of its exchange value, exceptas
liar," and that the government has no to make it, those National banking interests and clothing of workingmen and their to money. Now, where and how
' declare it a dollar by coining have been trying to get up a and all I does the tariff hurt me more than it
families in cities. For
it. On the other hand, it is argued fusilade of false issues to make the meat did ten or thirty years ago, when we
,.... .thatjf the government made a certain unwary believe that we must preservethe kinds of groceries, including flour,, had such flush times? I do not take
;('amount of silver bullion worth' a dollar National banks for fear wild-ca! meal and fruit, it costs $262.42; cloth- the ground that what I purchase may
; it would be worth that for all purposes will again overrun the country.- ing of all kinds for the husband, in- not be increased in cost because of the_
v ,. so that the silver" dollar would Western Rural. cluding boots and shoes, $33.80 ;: tariff; what I insist on is, '"
t .bdan "honest dollar;" and this view clothing for the wife, $22.76; clothing. always had a tariff; and
: -is probably correct. Wastefulness. for the children, $43.75; expenditureof unparalleled prosperity thatr':
As.a matter pf fact, to be perfectly What is extravagance? Our definition the family for miscellaneous pur- time, it cannot produce 1
\ .consistent,the People's party ought to would be: Living beyond one's poses,: effect at another time. r"

: 'arg; 1..etah.d work for.the entire abolition income, if that is enough to secure Taxes .... . .. .. .. .. . .. .$8.34 lies in the, to us, scaro/? :' \r\ 1. .,
of:sllvjer and gold money. Then the necessaries of life. No one has Insurance .. ... .. .....,.. .. .. .. 10.98 oly of money. Taxer"
4 there could nolonger be "a rich man's ever secured a competency by his Organizations*.. .. .. .... ... 4.82$ ence between the ca L jj. .
*, dollar' and "a poor man's dollar." own exertion who did not in the com- Religion. .. ..... .... .. ...... ... 6.71 o?goods, railroad cha ,. ..rtronof
coin exist Charity .. ....... ...... .. 1.77 officials these .. .. Land .
J&lopgas and paper money mencement of his'career keep his outgoes our ; retain. ;
; Furniture and Utensils... .. ... . 18.3C
; side: By:side,Shylock-.whoever he may below the income. And this is Books and Newspapers .. ..... 7.27 all, including the $2oo6;6oo76tfoof
f bc.yvill have control of the coin tothedisadvantage as true of the farmer as of the capi Amusements.. .... ... .. .. 6.6 indebtedness of our country, must
: of the debtor class. talist. The crying sin of the Nationis Intoxicating Liquors.. .... ..... 12.14 all be paid in money that requres from
.-*-!- wastefulness than Tobacco. .. _.. .. .. .. .. .. ... .. ... 7.71 one-third to one-half more of
to'.A: False Issue. more extravagance Illness and Death.. .. ... .. 24.56 productsthan
J >> .' To wish and obtain the com Other purposes.. . . .. ..... 55.64 was required ten to-thirty years
Nof-jublic\ journal is in a better position fortsand even the luxuries-of life
:than the Western Rural to know is commendable, but we must- first Making the total expense of one ago.This is what's the matter, and as a
the temper of the people of the Weston earn the right to them by industryand family for.a year.. ...... .. ...$537.51 way out we suggest the issue of money
the subject of a restoration of wildcat prudence.We This is less than similar statistics direct to the people by the only authorized
banking. We state without hazard have said that wastefulness is a that have been compiled by the labor authority, without the intervention -
"of contradiction from any intelligent greater evil than extravagance, and bureau of Massachusetts and Conner of National banks, which Jef-
source that no convention, no com- this is as true on the farm as else ticut. ferson said were more dangerous to
mittee, no journal and no' Congress where. T. B. Terry, who has earneda p1 i our institutions than standing armies.
has mentioned or ever will favor sucha competence on a fifty five acre farmin Free Money.We -Home and Farm. .
scheme in good faith, or with any Ohio, once said, in substance, that if cannot. borrow money for less.. .
intention of passing any law ,looking the farmers of this country would stop than 10 per cent., in advance; must Peculiarities of the Negro.In .
towards such a sinister crime. The all the leaks' on their farms they would give personal security and repay the a little book entitled "Lacon-
imputation or room for inference that never think of antagonizing the rail debt in ninety days. There is not a isms," written by I. M. P. Otts, D. D.,
the West will favor such a fool scheme, roads. Phil. Armour, the leading farmer in this county who works his LL. D., a Northern man, occur the
uncovers the real animus of such false- spirit of the "Big Four," testified before own land who can make the half of 10 following passages: t
hearted discussion. a Congressional investigating per cent. at farming. Ninetynineper The negro is a universal pilferer,
i.Even the mention on the floor of tha committee that his greatest profit in cent of us are not making a decent but seldom a burglar.It .
Senate by the Senator from Illinois, in the handling of live stock, in the production living, much less a profit on our invest- is much easier to love the negro
the winter of 1890, of a plan for resto of meats, was in making the ment. Most of us arc one year behind. a thousand miles away than when he
ration of wildcat circulation, "based" utmost use of the offal; which the All of us have to give credit to our pat is your next door neighbor.All I
.upon municipal and railroad bonds, ordinary butcher makes an indifferentor rons for at least eight months,and whenit the negroes are religious, including -
was ape of the chief reasons why that no use of. The writer of this is paid it is at a price that is discounted the penitentiary convicts, but
same Senator was not then and is not knows the Armours and has attended at least 50 per cent. When creditis none of them are moral, not exceptingtheir
now in good standing; in his party, and school with one of them. Their extended us we are compelled to pay preachers
why he was retired from his place in father was an Eastern farmer, who a good round cash price plus 70 percent Mounted on the shoulders of the
I 1 .thf(.National Congress, although: ambiguous brought up those boys in habits of industry I on an average. Ours-is a desperate whites the negroes cry out, "We are
f t" ? to be re-elected. No party or and economy, and from whose condition. What is the remedy? higher than you." Left to themselves

faction; old:or new, in the West would conversation we got hints on farm Evidently the destruction of the credit I they would soon fallback. .... into bath\ at-
par to play champion for such dis management,', before beginning: this system and the cancellation of to per ism



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Emancipation day should be ob- which it nearly destroyed, injuring the we burn this material we shall get not The fresh juice of the root throws downa .

served as an annual thanksgiving by inmates considerably.FLIES.. only the 18.4 pounds of real ash, but green precipitate with per salt of iron Y

the white people of the South. They also mixed with it the 100 or more rapidly turning brown, instead of a violet -.v '

were emancipated from the bondage of cattle Horn in flies Hernando are reported be, injuring pounds of sand,which,of course, does black, which is characteristic of the* .

slavery,as well as the negroes. CROPS. '. not burn. Nearly or quite 120 poundsof ordinary tannius. A. number of other ..

1 It will require centuries to bring in what seems to be ash will be ob reactions were observed which show,
The condition of in the main is
the solution of the negro problem. For not satisfactory, though Marion and tained, with a corresponding diminu- the difference between palmetto tannin -,

the, present the white people of the Liberty counties report cotton a failure. tion of the amount of phosphoric acid and the ordinary article. It does, .' #

South are: too near the negro to see Sugarcane is doing well in Escambia, and potash present.In however, precipitate gelatine, and the j.

what his future may be, and the white and the large crop of potatoes in Hernando point of fact, judging from the inference is obvious that it will be likely

people of the North are too far from turnips county, cabbage is very and promising.other truck Young crops samples of palmetto ash which I have to prove valuable for tanning leather. ,

;i him to see what his present condi- are growing nicely in Jefferson, and or- received for analysis, the ordinary pro Of course, this matter can'only be ;* .:

tion is. anges promise large'fruit and good yieldin cess of open field burning gives even a settled in an industrial way by careful

r Lake county. The planting of pinesis larger percentage of.sand than this. I and intelligent experiments by skilled, "'..
,WEATHER AND CROPS. progressing in DeSoto; strawberriesand never yet have seen a sample of pal- practical men who are accustomed to
other. in Columbia sweet
1 plants ; potatoes metto ash from an ordinary producerthat the manufacture of leather. :
For the Week Ending: September and cowpeas in Lee; turnips and i
other seeds in Escambia. In Lake coun- gave over 6 per cent. of actual
{ 12th 1892.
ty ground is being prepared for beans potash, showing that in some way ash eeeCgOg

This bulletin is based upon reports from and tomatoes. produced in open fires,on the silicioussoil 9 TUTT'SoTiny

27 regular: correspondents and one news- HARVESTING. of Florida is likely to be at least

paper correspondent, together representing Harvesting hay and peas' continues in five-sixths sand.
22 counties of the State., Escambia; a large crop of fine rice is being Liver Pills:
gathered in Hernando; corn (large VALUE FOR
RAINFALL. in Madison cotton and corn harvest "tannic and anti-malarial
yield) ; the meaning of the.( word as an anti-billou
The rainfall, although about the aver- is still progressing in Liberty. acid" is restricted to that which is soldas .remedy freeing are the wonderful system of their blllouraettW e0'ectsIn A '

age for the State, was, owing:to unequal Shipping lemons has begun in DeSoto such in the drug stores, or that whichis and malaria.' No one living In .
and cotton in Madison county. Shipment -
I distribution, excessive on the east coast, of the is about finishedin found in the bark of oak, hemlockor Malarial Regions .
mango crop
them. Their use
and within a belt extending from Nassau i honld be without
Lee sumac, or any of the substances or- prevents attack of chill and fever,A
county on the northeast coast, southwestto county.E.. R. DEMAIN Dire the Gulf coast, and deficient in most .-.-. dinarily used for tanning leather, i the system strength: to resist all the
i of the Southern and Northwestern coun- Composition and Value of Palmetto may be truthfully said that the pal- .evils of an unhealthy and sugar-coated.Impure at-A .

ties.This unequal distribution was Roots. metto contains no tannic acid. If, Price mosphere.,25c. Office Elegantly 39 Park:Place,N.Y. .
especiallymarked in Hillsborough coun- however the word is used with that 9 9 9FORT '
O O '
ft O
Robinson L?
ty, the northern portion of which had Some weeks ago Prof. N. :
abundant rains, while the southern por- State Chemist, sent us a paper on the larger meaning which includes the as-

tion of the county needs rain badly. A above subject, but as It contained an tringent principle of catechu, cinchona SALE, 4
few other counties were affected in a bark and a large number of kindred
for and
it him would exchange beating
error in arithmetic we returned or : grove pay:
similar manner. The excessive rains is vegetable substances, and which resemble cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock
t hurtful in Lee for correction. As the matter now ./to
were ripening .
crops each other in their of land. Thirty acres cleared, together with '
s to fall and somewhat old and the State Chemist power
county; tillage young cropsin as mile with dock and-
plank causeway X long
with salt of
forming a precipitate
Bradford and Hernando prevented per
; states that the analysis was only preliminary ferry I mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha
low land in Lake haying in iron and rendering gelatine insolublein
I plowing ;
[ and 6 provisional, we at River;4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA.
#,, Alachuaand seriously injured crops and the water, then the palmetto contains .'
give only a part of paper TREADWELL.
roads in southern part of Walton. In present "tannic acid" in
the greater part of the counties of Ilillsboi and await the promised complete an- great abundance Reddincr. Conn.I'Spading

rough, Lake,Liberty, DeSoto and Volusia alysis. .
where the rainfall was deficient, fruits, THREE .
w !u etables and plants especially peas, VALUE FOR POTASH. STYLES.
",.=>..tomatoes potatoes, were injured. One ton ((2,000 pounds) of perfectly FIVE, 4! MORGAN
t 't icre the precipitation was benefi- clean and freshly 'dug palmetto roots SIZES. Harrow

tmount and occurrence to crops contains 18 4-10 pounds of ash. Butas Thousand The Best all around Rotary narrow and Fnlverlzer
Jly, especially in the counties of told. EQUAI.for Fall plowed land, Stubble,Vine-
of this is fibre NO
only 100 dry
.. fvolumbia, Madison, Osceola 35 70 and Peach orchard Leaves no
and the remainder water it follows farrow or ridge. Angle of teeth adjustable. Bend-
.di "rolusia. Weather condi- for'Catalogue. Mention this Paper. Address
teial to oranges in the that one ton ((2,000 pounds) of the '
:illsborough and in the dried material will give 51 54-100 D. S.MORGAN. CO. Brockport,HI; I
.lusia Brevard andS -
of ash
pounds- containing 12
in Hernando and Volt pure '
.) -S in- part of Hillsboro gh.- 67 100 pounds of potash, and 71-100 WE CAN TELL_ YOU

'_lIDO, cambia county, and Lloyds, pounds of phosphoric acid. Estimat- '
Jefferson county, report no rainfall. Ex- ing the former at 534 cents and the I How ,to make good Fertilizers AT HOME wlUl '

cepting these places, the rainfall rangedin latter ,at 5 cents will give a value of a. .. f
amount from 0.16 of an inch at Cler- little over cents for these elementsin
mont. Lake county, to 5.84 inches at 92 Soft
Jacksonville, Duval county. :Measured one ton of clean and perfectly dry' Phosphates:

amounts as reported are: Apalachicola, roots. Other ingredients present-

2.02; Avon Park, O.V6\ ; Archer, 2.60; lime, magnesia, etc.-would some Saving you $7.00 to $10.00 per ton on the prices ;you
Brooksville, 1.41; Bristol, 1.95;Clermont, what increase this so that the real ma are now paying for Fertilizers.
0.16, DeFuniak Springs, 0.25; Eustis, A ,
4.42 Jacksonville nurial value of the ash, from a ton of $?-Send for Special Florida Circular giving directions for making
1.74; Green Cove Springs, ; F
5.64; Key West, 0.78; Kissimmee,: dry palmetto roots-may be safely estimated '
Fruit Truck Fertilizers
1.66Tuawtey; 2.50; Merritt's Island, 1.35; at about $.00.

Myers, 2.44;Orange City,0.66;Pensacola, This, however, is very far from Manufactures -
1 0.68; St Petersburg 1.61; Tampa, 0.43r; representing the ash as ordinarilyobtained. w., s. POWELL & CO., Chemical Fertilizer ;

i Titusville, 2.96; Tarpon Springs, 1.34. If the palmetto root is eXamined ,,0a to 319 Bovrljr' Wharf, BALTIMORE, MD. '. JJ f:. .f...

TEMPERATURE.The it will be found to be covered

temperature, while below normalfor with the sheating remains of the decayed JOHN CLARK, SON. & CO.,
the State, was reported generally "
beneficial to especially in Frank- leaf stalks-t'petioles. Un-
lin, DeSoto, Walton crop Columbia Escam- derneath these and concealed from GROCER& AND COMMISSION II MERCHANTS

bia, Volusia, Brevard, Hernando, Hills- ordinary observation will always be T ;

borough and Liberty countIes.. found more or less sand and earthy -DEALERS IN- .

".. SUNSHINE. material accumulated in the processof

The sunshine, like the temperature, growth. No amount ,of ordinary : Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines. Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, "Etc.

was less than the average and was reported washing or shaking will remove this. JACIJSONVILLE. FLA. .', -
in the
beneficial excepting coun- Nor will its presence be suspected unless .
ties ol Lake, Bradford and Alachua,
this clasping fibrous petiole is re ,
where peas, potatoes, young crops and PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY.

haying were injured or retarded. moved. A rough estimate which I Parker..................................81 75 J.Martin Bye..........................83 00
THUNDER-STORMS AND WIND. made from the root analyzed indicatedthat Orange Valley........................... 2 00 Virginia Glades .............. ......... 4 00
S'rlogValle7...... ..*.................. 2 50.I Old Bourbon ............................ 5 00
The prevailing winds were northeastand at least one pound of sand is con North Carolina Corn................... 2 CO Kentucky Sour Marsh .... .....*...... 5 00
were reported squally,without damage cealed on each ten pounds of root. Clifton Club ..... .......-........ Old Baker ................... ......... COO
from Duval, Franklin; Bradford Montrose Velvet.................,86 OO
Even supposing that half of this
Columbia and Jefferson counties. Thunderstorms Jugs Extra: One gallon, 250.; two gallon,soc; three gallon;* Remit by post office money
sand is uniformly present, to obtain aton order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry tr wns.
were reported from Duval, A complete.pnce list of Groceries and Wine List,sent free on application. "
Lee, Osceola and Putnam counties. In .of real roots we must gather 2,100 .
Putnam county lightning struck a house I. pounds of apparently clean roots. If JOHN CLARK SON 1CO.

r .






u_ __ "
"CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To BOONE'S EARLY, fine in quality; the earliest
orange in use. Limited supply of trees. An PlORlDA DISPATCH One Cottrell Gylifider
rantium Pomelo. Mr. Clauser, of Longwood .y.GROWQ
insure Insertion in this column, advertisements received returns in February,from Barber&Co.. I Ill) !
must be accompanied by the money. Chicago: Common Pomelo net, $r.n; Aurantium. t ERr R MfARMlRJAUUNCl -'
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. .$2.JOSome fine trees. Also large Tardiff ARji k .M Press
received in .MMUDATt*4AMIARK.UM
Postage Stamps payment. buds on sour. JAMES MOTT, Orlando Nursery. .
Count every word including name and address.25,000vertra 7-21 8wFANCVPtGEONSnought ,

,sold and exchanged. CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. ALSO
choke Nnnan
: Plants at >$t.p peer you Stamp for reply.
thousand, f. o. b.; discount on 10,000 or over. Lady Lake. 7.2 -52t
Limited supply of Clouds. Good packing guar T7LORIDA'S advantages for small investments, TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: ONE WASHINGTON HAND

anteed. B. H.ALDEN,Lawtey, $1.00 T see per"Real yean sample Estate,Journal with state," map Arcadia 10 ,cents.Fla. For One Year ...............................$2.00
A veCADO, PEAR SHED for Pinellas sale:: write for 3-24-iatn For Six Months........................ ..... 1.00 PRESS "r
prices Wu. P. NEELD, ;
9-1.5-4t_-__ FOR SALE-Strong, well rooted Strawberry *3"Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance.
Nunans and Clouds,and a limited
CUTTINGS of the Large Purple Brunswick supply of Michels and Hoffmans. Will be ready Rates of Advertising: on Application. Can be to.
and the Small Celese Brown Bought Very Cheap ,<
or Smyrna tor delivery September i Good packing puaran- REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
furnished after frost checks growth at$2 per hun- eed. B. H. ALDEN Lawtey, Fla. 7-213m
dred or f 15 per thousand;rooted, Jio to $15 per Postal Note,Money Order, or Registered Letter, .
hundred or 25 cents each. HARRISON REED, WANTItD-A good second-hand boiler, 20 to 40 to order ofFLORIDA APPLY TOCHAS.
South Jacksonville Fla. o-i-at_ ;also good large force pump.
State full particulars. E. H. MOTE. Leesburg, DISPATCH, FARMER AND W. DACOSTA
FOR SALK-Phosphate land; vein over forty Fla. 8-4-61 ,
deep. G.N.CAMPBELL, Brocton, Lake FRUIT GROWER.
Co..Fla. 9-i-4t OTAWBERRY PLANTS-Clouds, Hoflmans, Jacksonville, Fla. Jacksonville Fla.
U Noonans and Crescents. Strong plants now ,
EVAPORATED PEARS, 20 cents pound. readv. Send for prices., CLARK\ LEWIS, Hamp-
for sample. F. TRUE BLOOD, ton. Fla. 7-28-131 The World's Fair. '

Archer, Fla. 9-i-5t... WRITE NOW for prices on anything:in nursery FLORIDA GARDENS.WINTER
line. I will either or tell issue of
Gnavas for supply you We have received the last
pOR SALE- ready shipment -
dollar September you where to get it. Stock largely increased. G.
1st; one per crate. Send in TABER Glen AND, SUMMER,
L. St. Mary Nurseries, Glen SLMary. the "World's Columbian Exposition
your orders early to H.M.&R.FRITH,Lane Park, Fla. 6-o-tf _

Fla. _8 2StTANKS.G. For Profit and Pleasure.A Illustrated the only authentic organof

M. Davis & Son, Palatka, Fla. They are the sweetest,
of Cypress Tanks, Tubs andVats. THE LATEST' most complete, tone sustaining the Great" Fair. The object of this
durable and
Large Water Tanks, a specialty for.rail- t4 perfect
road and irrigating purposes. Send for price- Music Boxes made publication is to give a complete authentic

list._8254tLGH14AN'S (warranted in every respect FREE! FREEE!! FREE!!!
), and any number of historical record of the Columbian
INVENTION IN tunes can be obtained for
.*.-make any animal CONDITION eat and grow POWDERS(at. They have will them. (Improvements Pat- We have bought the entire issue of Exposition. It contains 3 2 pagesof

on equal for chickens,and are a sure cure for salt ented in Switzerland and official proceedings, and will give
sick cattle. For sale everywhere in Florida. United States.) Prof. Whitner's Gardening in Florida illustrations printed Enameled
We manufacture especially ; photographic on -
Sample peckages sent by mail for 35 cents. W.
G. TiLOHUAM, Palatka. Fla. 8-25-13t SWISSMUSIC I for direct family trade,and we paper, of all the Exhibits, Build
guarantee our instruments far will mail a copy of same to all parties
SEa THEM GROW-Those Pear and other superior to the Music Boxes ings, and attractions of the Great Fair.
trees,etc. Pierson is getting ready for usually made for the wholesale
the fall trade. Prices now ready. SUMMIT trade and sold by general mer- sending us $2.00-renewals or new As a work of Art, containing the most

NUKSKUES, D. L.Pierson Monticello, Fla. : chandise,dry goods and music interesting information, it is invaluableto
stores. Manu cturers'special
8-n-ot :
__ I agency and salesrooms r the subscribers. all u ho wish to keep up with the
DISASTER-Use Perfection Rein I
AVOID celebrated Gem and Concert
Guard..j times and learn of the International
prevents horses .. Roller Organs; play any tune; Remember you must send us great *
the lines. Agents and dealers coin money. Sample prices,only>f6< and$12. I Enterprise.It .
$z,with circulars. ANDREW V. CALLAHAN,
General Manager,Salem,Ohio._8-n-iot Old MusicBoxes carefully $2.00 to entitle you to this bookC. will be published semi monthly ,
FOR SALB-Choicebudwood for fall budding- ji.Repaired GAUTscni Improved.& SONS, W. DACOSTA, early in the fall, making eighteen

varieties Orange, Lemon and Pomalo. BOXES Manufacturers. copies for present year. Price, $4,
Orange budwood, thirty-fire cents hundred
Salesrooms, Chestnut St.
$2 50 per thousand. Lemon, fifty cents per hundred Philadelphia 1030 postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions -
:13.50 per thousand. dollar perhundTCd taken at this office where the
thousand. Thousand & FISH ,
; $7.50 per Fifty ,
Nursery Trees for sale. ,(. W. & F. D. WAITE, MARTIN paper can be seen, or send 25 cents
Magnolia Nurseries,Belleview, Fla. 6-18-4t.. AND PRODUCE
for sample copy to
-R. SALE-,ooo Orange, Lemon and.GrapeFruit I.AIEPIANOS.
I: Buda; all budded on sour stock and COMMISSION MERCHANTS J. B. CAMPBELL,
trained to stake. Write for prices. J. H.TURNt ,
Editor and Publisher
T,Lake Weir, Fla._8-1812t 210 212 and 214 N. Franklin St., Saginaw Bait ;
Side, Mich. 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills;
Seasoned Orange Box Ileads. .

We carry; more dry lumber than any mill in Consignments solicited, and prompt returns
the South,and are prepared to fill orders for box UNEQUALLED IN guaranteed.
heads in urge quantities at short notice. Dry Touch Workmansh References: R. G. Dun & Co., Bradstreet's "The World's Columbian
Tone i
Flooring,Ceumg and Siding specialty. TILOH- :p DurabilityBaltimore Agency; and First National Bank, Saginaw B. : Illustrated"and the FLORIDA DIS -
ILUf-WILIOK Co.,Palatka, Fla. '1"21121 Side. 986mo. ,
,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.
New York, 148 Fifth Ave AND one
PLANTS-Send for price list
' STRAWBERRY. \ ,Grand Bay, Ala. W"h'ndon' 817 Ma'ketSpace FOR SALK'Press:One for second sale cheap hand at Washington year, mailed to any address, for $5.

111.WALL. TO SHIPPERS OF FRUITWANTED : Write for particular C. W. DACOSTA, (\
than house in
state.PAPER-Cheaper Sam pies,prices and any Instructions "MORE TESTIMONIALS"for Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER -.

free,by man. J,F. Rosz tsoN.15 W. Bav street, Lemons, Oranges, Grapes, Peaches, _-- same number of machine AND FRUIT.GROW
Fla. ---
Jacksonville, _3-24-610 old than anT other hatcher
Apples, Berries, Green and MADE. aOiavacceMfaloper.ation .
SALE lNhipparwUl bushel, 1.o.
pets per
Illinois. 23
.. $s.oo: Conch peas(limited quantity), per Dried Fruits. chicks hatched Decatur at one time COMMERCIAL COLLEGE OF KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY,
pound, poet paid, zoc; Chufa seed, per pound. Will pay cash. Send for a Daily Bulletin. with a 2X en capacity Reliable LEXINGTON', KT.Hlchm "
post paid. isc; per peck, f. o. b., $i.5o; pearl Incubator.. 8end4 t I .w.r4.l V,rM.ExpMltbB.f .
millet,per pound, post paid 350; four pounds M. E. BALLARD & CO., in stamps for new fllastrataa .k.eplag.Buab...SJaort-ba4,TWraU.
f 1.2S; ten pounds, f.o. b., $2.00. Send cash with 3449 Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, 111., catalogue. JLddnes, .f.*l Tel'fr phj t*.(ku roan Bra
order. RZCKIJUO SEED PARK, Keuka Fla. General Produce Commission Merchants and Incubator ...... !StM b.n. 10000Uria. l "I.Baal..... ..*<.>-.
2-4-tf Shippers. 7-2S-6mo Reliable &Brooder c ,, ncJ,III tAtnm WILBUR fi. 6M1T1I, rrtrt, Uifagtea,Kj.



t ... OF: JACKSONVILLE: : :: ]$,A., ., .:,' ;

: Ii. ,t, ,,:{.

Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load of Watermelons, and First and Best Vegetables. f' '

That always get the very cream of the high prices, will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of : *.:.i!

Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers, ."'{

Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their _.:'

:' .: . Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food.:... '

For full information, analysis, circulars, price current, etc., describing:these articles, address



All prices will be in view of great rivalry and made to meet tvery possible competitor and should secure your Order. Drop us a line for prices, etc.,,for..fertil

ton and material, mentioning this paper.. -. .'.


i' .r'. _: '_ '- '.'__. _

",_ '. ..... _. .r ,_ ,


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.: '! ::.- -

,.,..., "- -
...-., ; .r
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..;..- ...... .. ; ..... \.-' >. .;': ,' :. .
'. ...- ",: : : -';:, ....-- .- .' '
'\. '" ; ,

', ..'



I? TAMPA & :

: ,, 1i.J.

-AXD- ,


Extending Southeast, South and Southwest : DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH. A

from Jacksonville, coyer over one '
thousand miles of tropical country and ,
We Have
', ,reach all prominent winter and lommer We are StatedAgents -,'\
for the
pleasure resort of Florida: One Horse and Two 4 3 HORSE BAY -RAKES :

The East Coast, rf In stock. ....,\., .
.Y BUCKEYEMOWERS( 8 and G feet trend -THE-: :

i The The Great Phosphate Lake Region Fields, r -_ The 6 foot for use Is suitable In .]t loricla [?Bntral & Peninsular -.:

The Fields complete steels off ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD I 00.
Pineapple 3foirer and
i Repairs on hand at Write' for Prices. The rTr'unk LineTAMPA
i. The Orange GrovesAND factory 1'rice. *



The Fruit and Vegetable. t A Full Line of Repairs' for Same. TO '.

SectIons. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse PulverizIng Harrows, theBoy In addition to its long-established conneo;' '

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof bone with the North by ,
River Junction, Live Oak,Callahan,Jacksonville
all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr.Horse and Hand Tools, sold and FernandIna,

THREE THROUGH TRAINS at factory prices. Send for catalogues.i Has this season re-opened

i rLlTkTropicalTrllak Tit' fhmiivilli nl Sontieillo{ ,Rllt : .

In connection with the&,F.&W.R. B.;the ,,
AlabamaiMldland and the L.&N.and the line '.
Line. leading from Chicago St. Louis t Kansas City .
and the North and wast.
i e Through Cars from Cincinnati to..

These lines are equipped with the latest Jacksonville and Tampa. : '

improved modem appliance for theufety JTrt Mch+dule, Pullman til expert. all Xdm ','
Railway Improvement
and comfort of passengers.

c Our patrons call them the % The Florida EentraliPeninsillarRR.Is .

the greatest artery of travel through the-
FINEST IN FLORIDA. finest parts of Florida traversing twenty-four
counties-Oadsden Jefferson,Duval,Alachua
Lake Leon, suwannee Naasau LevSr Orange
H111sl orough,. Waku}II', Columbia, Clay.
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., Marion Polk Manatee Madison Baker Brad
ford.Sumter Hernando and Desoto-in their
1 T. & K. W.: richest portion. It runs through the Midi?,
I I Florida of Hill Country where are
12:30: die Region
8:30 a.m. daily except ; p.m. the fine oldFarming I
daily; 4:20 p.m. daily except Sunday;. tc: Land and the New Tobacco .
8:00 p.m. daily except Sunday. farm
12:65 (reacted by no other line), some of them con-
Arrive 7:30 auxu, 8:00 aoru, pjn, ucted on a large scale. Here are Quincy
7:40 p.m.Trains JR. HORSE HOE WITH LEVER AND LEVER WHEEL Tallabusee(the capital).}Monticello }{ tont
and other towns from whose comfortable,*,
Leave Jacksonville via East ----t.-- T--- ample dwellings reposing In a fertile coun-f
try,ii is coming a renewed energy to employ*
Coast Lines: IRRIGATII MACHINERY the resources lavished about them. Stretch-
\ Ing down through
8:25 ajn daily, 1:00 p.m. daily except HORSE AND HAND POWER. ,The Peach. Country
4K& dally. /
Sunday; pjn. of Baker Bradford/Alacbua and Levy ooun-.

: Arrive 930 am., 12:25 p.m.* 5:40 pun. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers ties through Strawberry the prosperous farm- .' t.,

INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. of Lawtey. Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior
ID profit to the orange IlfOVe--1 goes
TITUSVILLEFor Fittings,Hose, Etc. Estimates furnished throujrhlthe; heart of the State penetrating
some of the finest groves,one having .
Melbourne daily except Sunday, a for Plants put in complete and guar- 7OO6O full-bearing Orange Tree, -

6:00: a.m., 3:45: {>.m.; Rockledge, 9:00 a.m, anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between then-*_*
7:00: pjn. Amve Melbourne, 1:00 p.m., making its way southward to the(Gulf and to
12 midnight Returning,leave Melbourne\ Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the tJtate. In
all portion of the State It reaches points .
1:20 ,12:30 a.m.; Rockledge 4:50: pJIL, to
p.m. Catalogue of How and When Spray. Bcenle Int rett.
Arrive Titusville 8:00 ,
8:00: a.m.' 1 In the West the Suwan
12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our nee Waknlla River as Springs beautiful and romantic as it Is
Silver In the lake region
amour. 8 rings
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, ex- machine: op. and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings -
cept Sunday 8:30 ajiL, arrive Jupiter fol- of rolling land interspersed with
lowing day 330 a.m. Returning, leave pleasant homes in green groves,sloping downto
of this
the clear lake fronts Oy means
Jupiter daily\ except Sunday, 9:30: ajn. road you can most readily reach the
Arrive Rockledge following day 3:30 a.m. Hunting and fishing Ground.

The settler will find on the line of this road
Steamer"ST.AUGUSTINE" Leaves v greater opportunity for a varied selection
1 ORMOND of land than on any other road In the.8tate
from lightest! soils to those underlaid with
and marl and of richest bammock-
and Saturdays
Thursday -
s 8:00 a.m. Tuesdays: whether for regular mixed tarmlng.ltook or
for Rockledge and way landings. = dairy farming, peach or strawberry culture
Reluming, leaves Kockledge 8:00: '&.m. S, orange groves and vegetable gardens. :
P The tourist will be gratified with 1W scenery.
and Fridays.
Mondays, Wednesdays The health-seeker on its ample route can find
:: some spot adapted to his wants. On the hard
made at Jupiter
i Connections are ---s clay roads of Middle Florida' the horseman
trains of J. & L.W. Railway/or all pointson will ride with speed and satisfaction,and the
Florida Central and,Peninsular Is the
JAke Worth. f Sport man'* Jioute. .

t For schedules, "maps, etc., call'on local :- T---c: Nor having*.-Passengers tickets over from the Northern Florida connections Central-, '

agents,or address the General Passenger and Peninsular to points In South Florida*
have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville
Agent. AGENTS FOR over the Company's line and alloweda
CABLKT.. L. CRAWFORD. S"I'E.AJM: Ptfl' t: ? $. stop-over>> within the going limits of the
.H. B. I :N VLES' ticket with return to their route for destination -
General Manager Bupt.East Coast Lines, 4.- free of extra charge Send for map of
J..T.ft K. W.Bjstem. St. Augustine V la. All Letters Answered the Day they are: Received. Florida,mailed free.

S. B. ,
General Passenger AnA, ., THE K.B.PBNNIHOrpN, Traffic Manager.D. #<0> .
Jaoksoaville,Ha." '" **>*-. .JL MAXWILL, O.n.ral Managvrc

.. t ',., 4 w
er -'4iIr. '" -r



.. .. .. '


.... '.



----- --


** *-
f.r-iti *t .
O.- K. BRAND. ,. CO'rE' ;. FOR RANG, .TREES .A1 tD PL'. T1E APPLES., .. _.. .; i

.. .';', .... ..
Phosphoric. Add.....................4 per. cent. I Potash K,.O..S per cent. I Ammonia.... ....................a to 3..per. cent.- "
f '. ; ., '1

..4.. .. E'RUiT..A..ND. V-IN: ; BRAND, FOR BEARING TREES., ; '.

\ ." ).= ANALYSIS : ,
'* *." ;. .n.,.: ,i' ... ., ....
i c-::: '' ": ,Potash* ........................... .6 to 7 per cent. I Ammonia..........................3 to 4 per cent. | Phosphoric Add.................5 to 6 per cent. :.j
: ''a.
;;,Prise' pr 'tOZ1: O. K. Brand, E'. O..PJoe B. Car, Beiieview, $22.0.0 : "'Y; ;

per ton: ", Fruit and: : vine, Jfr. O. B.. Ca.rIiJ, ..J3e11eV"i.e S2 .00 ;.' l

This CompanytJso offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is :, t". i i;

Insoluble Silicate ......:....,...............18.761 Phosphoric Add..............................17.701 Oxide of Iron.. ................................ Magnesia and Soda .........:.......:a ....:655
Carbonate Lime............................. 4.561} Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime........39.oo |I Aluminum .. .L.! .....-....................... ,.741| Moisture............................,:'....:. .639 wd

't He says t after!, analyzing.samples! Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained; in an area ofjaboutsixmilesaboutBellevi .'
icw. .- *" .. :

-,.* --nie abov mentioned complete Fertilizer: ,25 per cent. cheaper than any sold in Florida,of same grade, and is what orange growers, need.. .,

that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State,and I would warmly .
,. More About Soft Phosphate. estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have recommend its the orange growers in the J
fe: The following:Inegard' to soft phosphate. is above, but I am free to admit that he is a better. noticed with much interest its effect on my orange State. Yours truly,
taken from the Gainesville Son! ''''*. judge of such mattera than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to something' D. GRKENLJCAT.
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor J.T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says: "I over five hundred trees,and the results have been .
rib the fruit and vegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of com last simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred1trees -
sort of doubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly springm about four acre field of cornon about an received no fertilizing,and the difference
speak. of it in the most complimentary average quality of the land. I broadcasted the between the two fields is something wonderful. CEDAR KEYS, FLA.,, 1891.
terms Mr. George:Saxon, writing, from soft phosphate the land,after,breaking it up On one side every tree started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Com- .,
Tatiaha uee,''Nya- well at about two tons per acre. Then I harrowed growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen :
The soft phosphate referred to in the granulated this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove. The trees which received no appsDAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
article,containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just commenced to start !up. Mr. Me me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
and SO per cent phosphate of lime(bone phosphate from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller of San the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove the
)crude],comes.front the' mint: This it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn Mateo,visited my grove a few days since and expressed past year,and I have been more than satisfied l.
sort phosphate was put upon cotton last yearalongside did not dry! up any.for want of rain, as the rest of himself as being very much astonished with the results. The trees are looking as well '
of cotton seed fertilizers,and the rethetrop did. I am well pleased and 'will:use it at the growth Of the trees where the soft phos as they have ever looked-even when I used expensive }
cult wa*" fully or more than :double, in yield;of this year on all my crops. phate had been applied. If you will remembet fertilizers. Many persons have heard of
cotton over the,cotton: seed,while' it gave four the first shipment of Phosphate was made less experiment, and 'Your phosphate has advanced .
times the yield over the,came land without any than sixty days since,and until the last few days my in their estimation.
fertiliier Jtev..T.W. Moore,;of Leesburg looked JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Tune 121891. we have had very little rain. Very.truly yours, .
atlhls crop while\n full fruitage and he: said that C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate. Co.. I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- REV F, R. Hot,>taAx
at that time thai the cotton: fertilized by'this soft Jacksonville Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant .
phosphate had three jtlmea jnore fruit on it than DE4.- ,-Enclosed please find my order; for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever ,

"We offer this prices so low that i it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O.:B. cars, at Belleview, Florida : : .

.Per ton: Un.<:3x ied: ixx Bu1t1: .. 0 $04.OO ... .

.. ,Per ton, Dried, 1.Z1 B'U.1I:, X36.00 '- :' ., ,

Per ton: Burnt: :, Ground and Sa-oked., .8.00 ,

41 Put up in 200-pound()) sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50. cents. per ton extra.. Terms, cash with order. Send orders; ,,and apply for further particulars, '.;.

testimonials. freights--etc.. to <
'I" C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla. .

'r ...... .
... ,-,. -


In compounding solution a part was accidently spilled on the hand
and on washing afterward It was discovered that the hair was com .
pletelr removed We at once put this wonderful preparation on the '
market and so treat has been the demand that we are now Introducing
It throughout the world under the name of Queen's Antl-Iialrine.
Printing EE Publishing HouseJ.TCKSON1LILL k :k: r'' IT IS PERFECTLY- HARMLESS AND

--- i Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the ..
hair disappears aa It by m without the slightest pain or injury wben
: : ALT-T applied or ever afterward. It is unlike any other preparation ever used
., -- for a like purpose. Thousands of LA I)1F S M ho have been annoyed ...
= with hair on their FA CE.1'iECK and ARMS attest its merit
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTING ,.'_. GENTLEMEN who do not appreciate beard,or hair on their neck,
find a priceless boon in Queen's Anti-Ilalrlfte which does away..- It
with Sharing, by rendering Its future growth an utter impossibility
".* AT THE LOWEST RATES. Price of Queen's! Antl-Rairlne fl. per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxen postage paid by us(securely
sealed from observation full address" written plainly. Correspondence -
/ ) Send money or stamps by letter with
.,. .41 strictly eonfideatlal. This advertisement\ honest and straight forward In every word it
contains. We invite yon to deal with u.and you will find everything as represented. Cut this out and
endlo-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. Yoa can
rerister your letter at any Pont Office to insure ju safe dellvtry. U>will pay 9AOO >for any ass ;
of failure ''bottle guaranteed '..
or slightest Injury to any purchaser. Every
SPECIAL 141M who Ifltrodne' and..H a.oqheir friends 2O Bottles of Queen*AnU-Halrine.
WTO prevent with. 8IXJC DBBSS,ISrard*best.o 00 1isionra Bottle and MmplM.CBMBUBBBB
oft to Mleet from la'with order. Ctoo4 Balarr Agent*.
-- -


ia ,


Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-wide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. *
reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
cured, of from so to 30 years' standing, after all Capital $30.000.00 '*
r other treatments have failed. How the difficulty ,
is reached and the cause removed, fully explained -
in circulars with affidavits and testimonials D BPAIR your old family Bibles; make them at
of cum from prominent people,mailed t good as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub-
fishing House,Jacksonville,Fla. .' .
free.Dr.. A. FONTAINE, 19 East 14th St...N.Y.

a $5. to SlBUCHTKINQ par der. llutaR!atcoml.

sad plsU.s j ,.waaclluw.s.w.
hen mete rUtM 4 u
wr, all klad*.f t eta,
with ceM filter*r DIetel.Ji. .
.eipartec! 1I.ft i&l.&ftI'1. .
hMM ktt gOOdl Mdl -
> ,_!.'. TTboientet
K eau fi-fTrit for dm*
r..... n.Eo DEIJifO'"
The Manufacture of 'Blank Books 0 ,_olaa1t..0-
'.' :: ..
a Specialty.
LAND;without expensive
machinery or even artesian wells. A b:'ck soil, HARROWS AND CULTTTATOIiS.
SEND FOR PRIGS several feet in depth,level as a floor, from I keep in stock seven" styles,cutting: in width
r timber,which can be flooded by the closing of a from two((2)) to six (6) feet, at prices from$10.00
gate at the mouth of the ditch: draining the glade- to Ijt.oo. Send for catalogue. '.
.OH$. W. DACOSTA Proprietor. For particulars address Gso. W. HAJTWO;;interlicben :. .B.5..HUBTURD,Gen.State Agent
,Fla. :. **, 'v,.. ." Federal Foiat>>1a.
I- t } ,4 .
t.I '. .

.J .

4- .: .:. ,
=' .,. .
"" .
f .
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4 a. -l

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The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C,

Both ways :
From New York. From Jacksonville! ,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Friday, Aug. 26th, at 3 P. )[...... ."IROQUOIS,". _.. Thursday,Sept. ist, at 11:30 A. ;l'o[
P.M..CHEROKEE..5unday, Sept. 4th, at 2:00: P.M.;
Monday Aug. 29th, at 3-
Wednesday,Aug. 3ist,at 3 r. M.... ... ."YEMASSEE" .... Tuesday .Sept. 6th at 4ooA.; [
Friday, Sept. ad, at 3 P. M.......ALGONQUIN,".... ...Thursday,Sept. Sth at 5:00: A. lot
Sept. sth at 3 P. )[... ....."SEMINOLE,".........Sunday, Sept. nth at 7:30A. )[
Monday Wednesday Sept. 7th, at 3 P. M.... .....IROQUOIS," .....Tuesday, Sept. i3th at 9:30A.i l
Friday, Sept. 9th at 3 P. M.... ....CHEROKEE,"...... Thursday, Sept. 15th. at n:30A. l lot
Monday, Sept. 12th, at 3 P. M........"YEMASSEE," .......Sunday, Sept. iSth at i:3Op.lp. l
Wednesday,Sept i4th, at 3 M......."ALGONQUIN"........Tuesday, Sept. moth, at 4:00: A.1\.1\.
mid ]
"Sept. |at P.M..SEMINOLF..ThursdaySept. 5:00A.M
Monday Sept. 19th,at 3 P. M..........IROQUOIS..... ...Sunday, Sept. 25th. at 7:00A.lot
WednesdaySept. 21St, at 3 p. M....... ."CHEROKEE" .... Tuesday Sept. 27th, at 8:00 A. lot
Friday Sept. 23d, at 3 P. )[..... "YEMASSEE," .......Thursday, Sept. 29th at 10:00 A. i\[
".... ... Oct. 2d,at : p. :i\[
Monday, Sept 26th, at 3 p. M......."ALGONQUIN, Sunday, 12:30
Wednesday Sept.28th, at 3 P. M... .... "SEMINOLE." .... .Tuesday, Oct. 4th, at 1:30: P. 7 i\[
Friday Sept. soth at 3 p M, ........ ..IROQUOIS. .... ....Thursday Oct. 6th at 4:00 A. ])1
Gc Jolutx



; For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points or SATURDAYS P. M. FRIDAYS A. M. -
July 30 August 13 and 27 September 10 and 24 July 22,August 5 and 19 September 2, 16 and 30,
the St. Johns River. October 8 and 22, November 5 and 19. October 14 and 28, November n and 25.

t Thlaateamal.ilJuraLrrubaile pnj>erlally for currying Fruit find Vcyttabltst and. it
Steamer: "EV"erolade"J lt'rft'"tlY"t'"til"tI. Thll Jwf,(",,.,& tfackxonrnte and New York :j N/
Jacksonville, Tuesdays and Fridays at 5 p. M.; returning, leaves Sanford, Sundays Agent New York Gen'l Man'r, Jacksonville.Office .
Thursdays at 6 A. M.; Enterprise, 6:30: A. M. Agent, Jacksonville. 154 Maiden Lane.

Stea:1r1erV: e1al a. "

Leaves Jacksonville Sundays and Wednesdays at 5 P. M.; returning leaves Sanford Tuesdays; SAY ANN AH LINE.
and Fridays, at 6 A. M.; Enterprise 6:30: A. M.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

JOHN L. IIOAVAKI), Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla.
F. M. IllONMONGKll: Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville.. Fla between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.
MARSHALL II. CL.YUK, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York.
AV. F. OGDEN: FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green New York.
TIIEO. G. EGEIl, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York.J. .
A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla.WM. OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.

P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Howling Green, New York. PEIRStaZ: ;::e 1 cites: I

ESTABLISHED 1S':7 tS. Between Jacksonville and New York : First-class, $25.60: ; Intermediate $19.00 ; Excursion $43.50
Steerage, $12.50.

racksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00: ; Intermediate, $21.00: ;; Excursion, $47.30; Steerage$14.25
WILLIAM A. OURS & CO., The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: ,


WHOLESALE [Central or goo Meridian Time.]

Na"oo"hee ...... ........................................;.............Friday, Sept.31ty 2d. 1.30 p.m
Garden Seeds and Fertilizers of Birmingham; ... ....................................... .... Saturday Sept. 3d, 2.30 p.m
.Grain City Augusta; .............................. .... .... .............Monday, Sept. 5th, 4.30 p.m
rallalvis!' pe.... ................................................. .Wednesday, Sept. 7th, 5.30 p.mCansas
FLA. City. .... ................................................. ...Friday, Sept. 9th, 7.ooa.m
20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, 2hattahoorhen; ... ..:............................................Saturday, Sept. loth 7.30p.m
facoocliee. ........ ..................... ............................Monday, Sept. i2th 9.30 a.m
THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. City; of JtirminKham........... ................................Wednesday, Sept. 14th, 12.00 m.
I HANDLE ONLY City Augusta; ...... ............. ........................ ......... Friday, Sept. 16th, 2.00 p.m
TaII' ahafils..e. .................................................... .....Saturday, Sept. 17th, 3.00 p.m
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal )alias!' City; .............................................."*..,.......Monday, Sept. i9th, 4.30 p.m
,hattulioochee ......................................M...........Wednesday, Sept. gist 6.00"on"IH'e.
...... ...................... ............................ ......Friday, Sept. 23d, 7.00a.m
COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. 'ity' of IHriiiiiiKham... ............................................Saturday, Sept. 24th, 7.30 p.m
City' of Augusta... ...._..........................................Monday, Sept. 26th 8.00 p.m
"allaliassee' ........................................................Wednesday, Sept. 28th, 10.00 a.m .
STATE AGENT FOR PURE GROUND BONE,, l taiisas City..........................................................Friday, Sept. 3oth 12.00 m.


NITRATE SODA Gate CIty. ............................. ...... ........................Thursday, Sept 1st, 12.3Op.m
Star Brand Fertilizers POTASH City: Macon ......................................................Thursday,Sept. Sth, 6.00 p.m
MURIATE OF (ate City: ........... ..............................................Thursday, Sept. t5th,12.30 p.m
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS, ,., (;Mty Macon. ...... .... ...... ... ._ ....................... ......Thursday, Sept. azd, 6.00 p.mate
Comprising DADE n we SULPHATE POTASH, (; City..... .......... ........ ....................................Thursday, Sept. a9th,

Orange Tree and Vegetable\ KAINIT Etc FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.This .
( Ship does NOT Carty Passengers.)

FERTILIZER. )e<* oug.; ................................................................Friday, Sept 9th, 7.00 p.m
Tlie-r! Fertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial will convince. lez< !<'4oiiff; ........ ........ ........................................,.......:Monday Sept. I9th 4.00 p.m
>essou ;'............................................. ....::.*.........Thursday, Sept. a th, i0.3oa.m


Pianos and FINEST FACTORY Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line),offer to the
Organs IN UNITED STATES. Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest 'hrough Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest via
1" $35. Pianos and Organs Direct: to Your Homes. Savannah. For information and'rooms apply to
On trial In B.: R. PRICE Soliciting Agent W.IL LUCAS Fla. Pass.Agent,
I yourhom.before I From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D. D. edltor.of Michigan 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville.L. .
: for Christian Advocate,DetroitMlcli.: "To say thatedemetl L. L. WALKER. Agent C. G. ANDERSON Agent
pang we are delighted with the Piano does not express New Pier No. 35 North River New York. City Exchange Building Ga.
: the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instruments RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents Lewis' Wharf, Boston. .
& Son Pianos & Organs are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as W. L. JAMES. Agent 13 S. Third Street Philadelphia.J. .
The T.Swoper BEAVER FALLS PA I' this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred." D. HASHAGEN Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y.A. .
E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville Fla.
General W.
Ala. "We could not be pleased better with DeW. SAMPSON: Agent
pKFrom{ PROF. E. II. PECK, Valhermoso Springs : with the Washington St., Boston. W. II. RHETT, General Agent
the'casing or tone; quick in response and melodious.well In short we with are the highly organ pleased<<:in every respect.organ.lti; For Tickets apply to S., F. &. W. Railway office. 317 Broadway New York.
From B. D. GRIGGS, Adairsville, Ga.: "I am
all claim it to be." .
t you From. M. C. A.. per T. G. COOLEY, Hillsboro.N.with the C.instrument: "The organ and the gives price entire on the satisfaction.Every same." need stationery of any kind-paper I:
one who has seen it is very much pleased in respect with the DO you If send to D Costa Printng SICKl V=
From BEN. F. STEELE Prefect, Ark.wonder: "My" well pleased every and pens Publishing and ink ? House so,, Jacksonville- Fla I alE
organ. How you sell them so cheap is 0/


Y .. a ,.6u.OJ !
? .' ,
Itt.t, *.t lmproerd u i lheaprwt. "ur 1'rrtreu..ud 'N ELL DifoIting.'u" nbjet to.SPASMS are most likely troubled with
Pumpftir the Ut utom ticiiu and will prij 1OO Trren l -- .mare Empire the Little Gem and (iarflcld Kaapcack Sprayer.and the ti Vermcr,Doe 'The American Well Works Aurora,III. I W D p M S, .
poizl*la U world. Alw UOFM Pawtr Sprayer to w price. Been ee In use&nd fails. rTprtlcoclmiutloztf-
.payaoarle.moat economic ipray .. il-i3S.CANAi.ST.CHICAGOILL t Jean n eyt"
.ddnaaplatalyag.u w.ell KalphkU of att.FtLDFOILCEPUMPCo.126BrI.t.IAva Parlt Green a.d London ParpU.t wboleul*prlc a.OCKPOUTN.Cataloeue'rh.Y. ELM STar.ET,DALLAS TEXAS. f BraaeMHoree. 1 I larty that the 1D1t1Al.are B.It..thus avoldlna

w .
e .

i r.


4 .



Blood and Bone Chioalro; Boric: lineal,

Pure F ii1e Ground Bone>, Dark and DBij>::trt Cotton Seed :l'-Iea1.: ,

Animal:: Bone auoidBlood Potash: Tobacco Steins: ,

Bone and Potash, Canada Hard "V Tood Ashes, tPYxlverized

<,1.' Animal:: Bone, Sulphate: of Potash: &c.

y -




GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.,

- President. Vice-President.
By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OL1 ESTABLISHED
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.




Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.

Banking These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the

-- ------ ---

: INVITED. Orange, Vegetable and;:Pineapple Growers of Florida

------------- --
Southern Offi ie and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS State
Jas. P. Tallaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald Agent,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartridge. No. 8 Bostwick Block.

? OF Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free

... 3 upon application.
: -
-- --
: HEREAFTER all fowls sent :i
i by express I
f/- l.h will go at one-half the former'
., v 7--F rates-a great saving to my cus-
tomers. This is
by special arrangement -
? and is confined to Bowker's
f fowls from my yards.
a \\t\, We are the largest breeders of
r fr ] thoroughbred poultry in Florida. I .
Come and see our stock or send
--. for our illustrated catalogue and I
.': price list of 14 varieties.
-. Poultry supplies of all kinds. I Orange Grower.
Incubators and Brooders, Shell I
-a- and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters, ;
Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
-. Boiled Blood and Bone to make II
r" ....,..,'.: r.j? hens lay. BRIGHT, FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is

.{: -- ,.'- EGGS TO HATCH.E. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of

W. AMSDEN, both tree and fruit are the results reported by large

Ormond Fla and experienced planters in Florida who are using

F Musical Perfection this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the
) I
? q, J is what you seek in buying* Piano I proper time, in the proper form, and in the proper
us about
s Lowest New York PricesOF proportions,all the elements to bring perfect, healthy

THETEINWAY- maturity.

And take[ no other., BOWKER'S VEGETABLE GROWER and BOWKER'S To-

Ask nnr BACCO GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,
;Musicianabout carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes

Stelniray.GREEH the. mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. Bow-


We are Wholesale Southern Agents t combination for those requiring these ingredients.

*, WfQtthese celebrated Instruments,and you can buy from us as I Chemicals at market rates.
L eoailr, cheaply,and Bafelr by mail,as In person. Aek 8ALINg MD
N & BATES, Savannah, Ga. aab nine. 1.' Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free..
:h I'
mm.. R U I T THE ZIMMERAN, 1'-i jj .
.Altered preparatory school of the higbtol reputa.nand.Uceele The Standard) e - .- -
Health record perfect. Cl.rpt low. Dtfrnat) dltl 04 pr icer. I11..traw4 Cat&
|idr M Julio Uart.M.A.U.V .,Bowling Gret'D.Ya. .THE BL YIIY.&K lBON WORKS t.'U.l.1Mta..u.. 0-..
J" .

.- -'L.' ....... -,,

4S. I A