Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
August 25, 1892
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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_roe and Orchard. would fall far below that of 61 cents I'I II' regret that the whole 2,250,000 boxes 1 once inaugurated, capital will be invested -

for the whole season. It would be shipped before the first of January and large packing houses be

interesting and valuable informationif had not been sold at something like erected at central points, establishinglocal
Mr. Fairbanks would give, us the such prices. markets where the grower can sell

.... obtained by the Exchange all or a portion of his as be
\Premature and Reckless Consignments average up THE BUYERS CAME EARLY, crop may
to the first of January. The; :prices for his interest. This has already been
Untold were anxious to buy offering in
Doing Damageto ; many
obtained up to that time were Very done in California, and as a result
the State. cases one dollar box on the trees.
.. low, and it is not probable that the per their unimproved lands are selling for
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: These offers were rejected, or at least
average received would exceed 65 or I as much per acre as are the bearing
-* The success of the orange industry but comparatively! few accepted. The
...- in Florida is still in doubt, but is admitted at the most 70, cents, or from 15 to Fruit Exchange advised not selling at orange groves of Florida.
20 cents per box on the trees for the
to rest upon the ability to less than $1.50; as a consequence the
I market successfully the product. The date.2,250,000 boxes shipped up to that buyers left the State or remained as There is no occasion for the feverish -

prices obtained for the last seven or solicitors for: consignments. The I anxiety of the 'growers to hasten

*. eight years are not calculated to give SOME BAD RETURNS. growers became excited and commenced I the sale of this product. That coming

confidence in the industry; and unless Averages with such wide differencein I to ship the fruit in September, I from the northern portions of the

some better means for its distribution results as are obtained by the pres : sending it in every direction beforeit State should be sold and shipped before

'.hand sale shall be devised it will soon ent methods are misleading. Some was half matured; and by the first I the first of January, but that further -

x begin to wane, or, in other words, will lots shipped during this period last of November, which was as early as I south can be held until April or

*fall{ into the hands of the fittest. year were sold for very fair prices, any of it should have been shipped, I May if necessary. Late fruit, if good,

STATISTICS. while many others did not bring the there had gone out nearly or quite always brings a larger price. The

the of the Florida freight. Some of the accounts of sales 100,000 boxes. Sour and unsaleable, I j East coast people have found this out.
report rendered were unique and will bear every market was glutted before the i Let other sections be governed by it.
Fruit basis for consid- .
eration Exchange find that as a in- repeating here. For one lot of 300 season should have opened.IS In conclusion I will say, I firmly

we boxes the shipper received two 2C. believe that if there should not be a
1885-86 the net amount sent to THIS TO UK: REPEATED
the grower average was. ............$1.48 per box postage stamps. For another lot of box of oranges shipped out of the State,
.. the net amount sent to the coming season? Is there no rem-
.- 1886-87 either
>.. _. the grower average was..,.....,...........$r.s6: per box 260 boxes a check of $2.40 was sent ; edy for such disastrous ? on consignment or through the
1887-88 the net amount sent to and for another, 40c. for 46 boxes. management Fruit Exchange, before December it
average,.................. Must these methods
the grower was $1.72 per box go on, as now, would
1888-89 the average net amount sent to Many others, of which the writer solve the problem, and add a

the grower was......,.............$1.33 per box has heard, were of like character and until this great product shall not be million dollars to the value of the present -
the net amount sent to worth the
1880-90 ? It
the grower average was,.,..... ..,,.,..."...$1.52 per box equally suggestive. They show that shipping came very crop. PIONEER.For .
1891-92 the net amount sent to close to that last year. There was -
the grower average was....................'I.U per box under the present prevailing methodsit not much margin the comments see editorial page. ..
is of chance with 2,000,000 ED.
simply a game ,
Or an average for the seven years of boxes shipped before the first of Jan- ---e--
the chances
strongly against the ship
$1.42 2-7 per box f. o. b. at the near- per. The risks are greater than the uary, which netted the growers an I Pecan Qulture.. ..
est railroad or shipping point. From of fifteen to cents Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: **
average twenty per
and of "futures" in
buying selling
his must be deducted the cost of package box on the trees. I A great deal having been published
grain market, or in betting on the red
., labor of gathering, packing and With full from the in
of the faro table. In fact, it seems to a crop trees now lately regard to the culture of pecans
delivering to the depot, which cannot and from those '
bearing just now com-
having considerable
be a game played against the experience -
be estimated less than
at cents I
50 in
per the
ing making to
"heads I win tails aggregate up
you lose. And in the cultivation of this
box, leaving as the net result 92 2-7 six, eight or ten millions of boxes, will ,
the funny of it is that there is
,F cents per box average for their hand part no there be much chance for profit with valuable and delicious nut, I beg you

lings for the seven years of their exis- one to blame except themselves. the continuance of the present meth--r I will allow me the use of your valuable -
They persist in taking this perishablefruit
tence. ods? There can be but one ending, I journal for the purpose of giving
from the trees, boxing it and
Continuing the examination, we up and that is disaster, that will be com- I my experience lor the benefit of those
find in their report for 1891-92 that sending it off to some one of whom plete and crushing.THERE I interested therein.

the average price obtained for the sea- they have heard a thousand or more At the age of fifty-six I gave.$1 j
saying to him "sell this
away ,
son was $1.11 per box. pound for the largest and best "Paper
From this deducting the expense of fruit for what you can get, take out But need such a catastrophe come? Shell Pecans" I could find in Mississippi .

50 cents as before, there remains 61 the expense and your commissionsand If 300,000 boxes of the last year's I and Louisiana. I planted wiser ..1 .
box for the fruit send us the balance." And as crop under conditions such as then ex- !
cents per on the trees'for than I knew. Such nuts have maintained '
the boxes handled from ten to two hundred dealers in isted could be sold on the trees at :
380,171 by their value through all these
them. President Fairbanks, in his the same place have fruit on the same from 7oc. to $1.40 per box, why can years, and today, in the same market '
terms, the balance often is small not the of the ,
very crop present sea-
annual of
report June n, 1892, says : not only command this identical price
as little as two postage stamps for 300 son be so disposed of? It is admitted '
celt is certain that the "
quite average but even higher, and furthermore I _
boxes, as above shown. to be much smaller than that of last "
obtained is above the obtained find
average I myself to supply all the.
through any other mode of disposi-- FRUIT SOLD AT HOME. year, and the conditions are thus' orders I receive for these nuts. i

tion of the remainder of the crop." Mr.[ Fairbanks was not quite cor- favorable for the complete inauguration -, In my sixty eighth year I sold my -t.
of such
In other words, that the 3,381,672 rect in saying that this average of 6ic. a change. There need nuts for $305, and one year later sold
be fear that there will
boxes that were marketed outside of I per box was better than that obtained no not be buyers $700 worth, and this business of sell.

the Exchange did not net to the grow. through any other mode of disposition. -I for this present crop. There are ing nuts and young Jre s has increaSedj"

ers: an average of 61 cents per box on There were about 300,000 I a number already in the State, and I proportionately. My own experience ,tf .
several sales have been
the tree. boxes (an amount almost equal to :. important is that pecan trees do bear a little.

SEASONAL AVERAGES DELUSIVE. their; handling) sold by the growers at made. This product has a fixed placein fruit at from eight to nine years, that :.... ,"

. This estimation by averages for the I home at prices ranging from 7oc. to the market. The people want it, we may expect paying crops from ten ,4. '-:
and the dealers must and will have it.
reason is very delusive for the reason $1.40 per box, on the trees, a large i: understood' to fifteen years, and that the nut does M"-

hat the prices obtained in March, portion of this being delivered and I I If it once comes to be not, in every instance, reproduce it4. 1 .1-'
that it will be .
April and May far exceed those ob- going; out before the middle of : not shipped, i self-they sport more or less. f.,; ',

,tamed in November and December, ry. This far exceeds the Janua'j THE BUYERS WILL COME II All my pecan trees have been tap- "..:. ".

:..,and as at least 60 per cent. of the tained by the Exchange or the for it-,and the competition between rooted. My trees are scattered over '';' t: ;

;,gyp is shipped before the 1st of Jan.6ry of general consignments during the.) them will insure their paying its full twenty-five or thirty acres, and I never

the average for that portion same period. One cannot but express. market value. With such a system I ,stated that my pecan trees brought -




$300 to $600 per acre, as has been Kerosene Emulsion. rain water. Yet I have heard of a those who have been unable to find
charged.I There is perhaps no more useful in- great many costly failures with the< pollen in the flowers of this

now have from 150 to 300 graftedand secticide on the farm and in the orchard Riley mixture. variety of orange; at the same
budded trees, and will plant moreas emulsion if Prof. Cook is reliable, and has had time it furnishes no proof of the exis-
than kerosene we can
long as I live. None of these great experience with his formula, and tence of pollen on the trees, which are
grafted trees are bearing as yet, but I get it; that is, if we can make the in- recommends it highly. This kerosene stated to exert so powerful an influ-

have great faith in this method of gredients emulsifv. The trouble has emulsion is the most effective of ence upon their neighbors. The ques-
been that the of Agriculture all washes rid of all scale ti' therefore be looked
propagating the pecan, for in-this way Department to trees bugs,, n can only uponas
we get exactly what we want.I formula, work it as we may, will if it is thoroughly used when the bugsare an imaginary hypothesis.The .
know many good men who say not always emulsify. Kerosene, un- I in the young or active state. It is absence or presence of pollenin
their seedling trees bore at six or combined with soap and water, orI the one remedy for the hop louse and a blossom is a matter easily deter.

seven years. This past season, on my simply mixed with them, kills all the all other plant lice, yet it must be mined ; a few minutes of inspection
own place, one seedling over twenty- foliage that the oil reaches. If thor- made right and applied right, or it will would enable the observer to state

feet high, bloomed at the age of six oughly combined with the soap and do no good, or probably only harm.I definitely whether it has no pollen or
years, and I hope to see fruit on it water it forms a jelly-like emulsionthat am able to give Prof. Cook's formula the reverse.If .
next year.I kills most insects wetted with it, in his own words. Try it.-D. B. the statement is varied, that the
sell my largest and best nuts at and does not injure foliage when prop- WEIR, in Orchard and Farm. tree has an abundance of perfect pollen -

from $i to $1.50 per pound for seed. erly diluted. It has been found that < the cause of nonproductivenesswould
Many are bought and shipped North the department formula will not emul- Pollen of the Bahia Orange.E. then become a question of fur-

and to Europe as presents to distant sify when the oil is cold or in cool S., Putnam county, Florida: I ther inquiry. This direct evidence of
friends. weather, or if hard water is used. If have seen a statement that the Bahia an abundance of pollen would be

There is no necessity in misleadingthe the weather and oil are warm and soft orange, as seen in the greenhouse in entitled to a degree of respect whichis
public in regard to the cultivationof water is used, it makes an excellent Washington, has no pollen on its certainly not afforded by the sup-

this delicious nut; the plain, unvarnished permanent emulsion. blossoms, and that is given as a reason position that because other fruits showa
truth is sufficient. I con- Prof. A. G. Cook, of Michigan, for its poor bearing in Florida. I navel mark therefore the suspectedtree
sider the planting of fine nuts a safe claims that his original formula always would like you to answer me the following must have had an abundance of

and sure investment, tap-rooted or emulsifies without trouble. He givesit questions: perfect pollen. .
not; and granting that the trees do as follows: "I dissolve one quart of If the want of the pollen is the The navel mark on oranges is a very
not produce paying crops until theyare soft soap-one pint will do well, or cause of its not fruiting in Florida, indefinite article. Sometimes fruits
ten, fifteen or even twenty years one-fourth of a pound of hard soap in why does it fruit so well in California may be taken from a tree some of

old, your lands need not remain idle two quarts of boiling water-then remove ? which will have a scarcely perceptible
in the meanwhile. Cultivate other from the fire and add one pintof If it has no pollen, how does it indentation as a mark, while others will
crops until the trees shade the groundtoo kerosene oil. The mixture is now happen that it affects trees all aroundit show a protuberance half an inch in

much, then turn them into pas- stirred violently by forcing it back and causes them to produce navel diameter. The cause of this mark
ture lands for fine registered Jersey into itself by the use of a force pumpor oranges? has not been explained. This much
cattle. a syringe. This hard stirring is Answer.The statement has not may, however, be looked upon as
There is no danger of overstockingthe absolutely necessary. It cannot be been made that because the Bahia or- certain, that if a vegetable physiolo
pecan market for years to come, done with a stick. la these days every ange flowers are lacking in pollen here gist picked a fruit having something ofa
as England, France and Europe in one must have a spraying pump; a this variety does not fruit well in Flor- navel mark from a tree of the St.
general know very little about the cheap one costing but one dollar does ida, but rather that it does not fruit Michael's, or from a tree of Maltese
pecan.A well. It takes about three minutes to well there for the same reason, that is, oval or from one* of any varietynot

strong point in pecan culture lies emulsify the mixture, and when com want of pollen to properly pollenizethe known as a navel, he would not
in the fact that one can sell or hold plete the mass looks like rich cream. pistil; this we know to be a fact be apt to attribute the appearance of
for higher prices. Not so with pears, In case we use whale oil soap the di- from personal inspection of trees of the mark to pollen influence of any

e peaches, oranges, etc., which, when luted emulsion will separate somewhat. this variety when in flower in Florida. kind.-WM. SAUNDERS, United States
ripe, must be sold at any price.W. in a few weeks. Other soap is justas Since the first flowering of the Bahia Department of Agriculture.
R. STUART.Ocean good, and is always on hand, andso here, quite a dozen years ago, this > \
Springs Miss. there is no need to use whale oil defect has been recognized. After Points in Orange Culture.
soap. Even this remains perfectly the fruit became popular in Californiait The Rural Californian gives a

A Pecan Graft. emulsified for several days. I was ascertained by inquiry that lengthy paper which was read ;py H.
Editor:; Farmer and Fruit Grower: "The above emulsion may be usedto while the trees did not bear so abundantly Wheeler before the Farmers' Institute -

I must write you about my pecan free stock from lice, but if used on as many other varieties, yet it of Pomona, a few paragraphs of

graft. In the first place, will say, I plants it must be diluted with warm- produced a fairly profitable crop in which are equally applicable to Flor-
not hot-water until only one.fifteenth that State.It ida:
friend from Texas a dollar fora
gave a is oil, or add water enough to make therefore seems probable that Here comes the question whether an
young pecan tree about three feet sixteen pints in all. Of course if we the climatic and cultural conditions orchard of seedling orange trees will

high, which he had raised from seed wish to make it in large quantity we permit of a better development of eventually be more profitable than an

of the finest he could get in George- can do so, using care to keep the pollen in California than in Florida orchard of budded fruit of the same

town, Texas. I transplanted this tree above proportions. If the emulsion. and in some other places. This would age. I do not see how this can be .
is not diluted for some time a gelati- not be an exceptional case. It is answered with any degree of satisfac-
the house and have it
near grown nous mass forms which is not easily well known that climatic conditions tion. The seedlings bear more, but
this it has
before and
"" two seasons mixed with water unless the water is affect the pollen of plants. Those cheaper fruit. More of the budded
done fairly heated. Then it dilutes easily and who are in the habit of saving seeds trees can be planted to the acre; they
Last March I small limb off it
cut a forms a perfect emulsion. In case it know that plants will often fail to set bear less, but much more valuable fruit.
and grafted it into a hickory about is diluted at once it mixes perfectlyand seeds in the extreme heat of summer, According to my arithmetic, if a seed-
from the surface in the
one tap- always gives a permanent emul- but will produce fruit and seed abun- ling orchard is started from year-old
and in about the
root, ten days graft sion. This emulsion is as good andas dantly later in the season when the plants and another of budded fruit,
and has contin-
commenced to grow, easily made as that by the other temperature is lower. The reverse of say Washington Navels, from two year-
ued to grow ever since, regardless of formula, and always works. Why this is also known; some plants will old trees, at the end of twelve years,
the spring drouth, and now stands then; should we not let the other go only seed well during the warmest part present prices prevailing, the budded
nine and half feet above
straight up a into 'innoccuous desuetude?' It would of the season, and fail to do so in .rees would be of the greater value-
the ground, with two limbs about a certainly aid the reputation of the cooler weather. Whether the flower- under favorable circumstances and

p' foot and a half long, and one over kerosene emulsion to do so." ing season of the Bahia in Californiais similar conditions. At the end of fifteen -

three feet long.I It is many years since I experimented more favorable to the ripening of years the value of the budded
think this has done well
graft with kerosene emulsion, when I its pollen than is its flowering season I fruit will still lead; and at twenty yearsof
when it has grown, the main stock, at found it a most excellent and cheap in Florida is a point to be determined. age one could still afford to pay
feet month. What do
two per means of destroying most kinds of 1 With regard to the question : If this much more for the orchard of Navels
you Editor think? of my pecan graft, Mr. injurious insects, and especially leaf navel orange has no pollen, how doesit than for the one of seedling trees. But

W. and plant lice, tree hoppers and other happen that it affects trees aroundit such computation is utterly useless,
Cloud, Fla. J. sucking insects. It did not kill the and causes them to produce navel since no one knows what will be the
Colorado potato beetle, yet it made oranges? It may be stated that this relative values of the different kinds of

* If you feel weak the plants so distasteful to him that he question has been frequently similarly oranges twenty years hence,or whether -
let them alone. I used the Riley presented for explanation. Presentedin or not there will be any orange
r and all worn out take
formula and had no trouble gettingan this manner it suggests doubt as to groves; and one might not be missing
BROWN'S IRON BITTERS emulsion in warm weather with the accuracy of the observation of it far to think that possibly the ques.




tion of profit, in that year of grace, vines been all Florida vines, such as I What have we seen in this State in The'
may be settled by some communistic set (and they appeared all right), my I the line of grapevines? A man has I Pinery: ,
scheme of life. vineyard would have been a failure, I ten vines, one or two years old; he
inch of the wood from Edited: by JOHN 15. BEACH, Melbourne,
loss cuts
PLANTING.To and entailed a great on me.I I up every Fla.
have visited the vineyards at Or- 'the trunk to the tips, well-ripened and
return to planting. If one is to lando several times in the last ten unripe wood, mildewed and healthy The pineapple industry on Lake
start a i < rchard of budded trees, there years, to see their methods of culture, limbs, all is good enough for cuttings;: Worth is but just beginning. Uncertain
are, likewise, several courses to pur and to see if any points could be so that from his ten vines he propa- transportation and high freight
sue. The young plants can be set in Is tariffs have prevented large planting.But .
learned, and I find some things about gates, maybe, 1oooroo'edplants
orchard form and there budded, or some of their vineyards that I think it a wonder that such Florida grown ihis year the near prospect of railroad
one can plant larger seedling trees, will give them trouble in the future, vines will not compare favorably with competition and inside water
say four to eight years old, and have as many of them are set on the flat- vines grown in the North by skilled communication with Indian river has
them budded. If trees of uniform woods land. Our seasons for several growers from sound cuttings of well given the industry quite an impetus.At .
size can be had, and the budding is I years have not been very wet, but we ripened wood from bearing vines? It the south end of the lake, below
successful, one will get a fine large are liable to have several wet seasonsto is a well established fact that vines Hypoluxo, some twenty acres are
bud growth, and the orchard will soon follow, as in nature one extreme propagated on average land in this being planted, part by Mr. Albert S.
be in bearing order. This method re often follows another. Should this State from healthy well-ripened wood Robert, of Palm Beach, and part by
quires some skill, great care and at- be the case there will at some time bea obtained in the Noith or in the South the Boston and Florida and Atlantic
tantion just at the right time, but is an well Coast Land Company whQ have -
rising of the water which will will thrive at least as as any grown purchased
admirable way to start a budded or drown out the roots of the vines and anywhere.In thousands of acres of pineapplelands
chard. In setting out budded trees 1 they will become diseased and die.I regard to those fibrous roots so from Lake Worth from the East
prefer good, stocky, low-headed two was peculiarly struck on my visit often spoken of and found more numerous Coast Canal Company nearly oppositePalm
year-old trees. A large, thrifty year last season as I traveled over a pieceof on Northern grown vines, if Beach. A Chicago syndicate,
old bud is nearly, if not equally, as: land of forty acres that was being they had not already dried up in the with Mr. T. C. Waltham as managing
good. Such trees will have less need prepared for grapes, that the water cellar where Northern growers store partner, are planting twenty-three acres
of staking, better resist the attacks ol; was quite near the surface, not over their vines in winter, they would dry in common pines and five in fancy va-
rabbits, and not be so seriously dam two and a half feet from it, and the up in the ground when planted, and rieties. They have some two hundredacres
aged by frost. We might ask some rainy season had hardly set in. The fibrous roots of Florida origin and of excellent pineapple land which
who have lost many trees during the vines are all now set on this forty texture take their places-what's the they expect some day to have all planted -
past winter, would it not have beer acres. I know that it is advised by use of them then? in pines. Mr. Waltham, formerlyin
economy to have paid a dollar, or two some to set vines on moist land, but As Mr. Parsons says his convictioncomes business in Chicago, is an intelligent
if necessary, for a large, stocky tree;,, not wet. They are very sensitive to from experience-which expe- Englishman of large acquaintanceamong
and not fifty cents for a tree like a rid wet feet, for if the water comes up rience, in this case,I consider a simple his countrymen, and throughthis
ing whip? over the roots they will surely rot experiment-it compels me, in justiceto he is importing the choicest pine-
and destroy the leaf, vines and all.I myself and other honest, conscien- apple plants from all over the British
Vineyard think we have better soil around tious Florida growers, to relate in their Empire. Other plantations added to
e Clermont for vineyards than it is own words the experience of parties the above will raise the total acreagein
...- -- vines. to sixteen and of
- about Orlando, as we are more el who have planted Florida grown fancy pines acres
- Edited by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. evated and have gentle slopes de- Mr. H. D. Moulton, of Taunton, the common sort to sixty. Mr. Clew,

Experience at Clermont.-No. 1. scending to the lakes, so that there is Mass., who has set out a vineyard at of Pittsburgh, Pa., and Messrs. Swift
Arredondo "I found that the & Clew are planting fancy varieties
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: not a possibility of water coming near says
I offer a few rambling thoughts on the roots. I also find that a better 1,000 vines I got of you two yearJ ago almost exclusively. All the west side
old growth takes place on high pine land, have done splendidly." of Lake Worth is pineapple land,
grape culture, by an vineyardist, that is, where water is from ten to Mr. Zimmerman, of Bay Ridge, spruce pine and scrub,.and much of
as it is being conducted in Florida. twenty feet below the surface, and I Orange Co. : "The grape vines it is of very good quality.
But first, I wish to compliment the also find the foliage of vines set on (Niagara) received in good order. I JOHN B. BEACH.Palm .
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER for its the higher land is of a better color have never seen finer rooted vines for Beach, Dade County.

utility to the farmers and fruit growersof and the growth is much stronger.I the age." wOO:r QQgOQ r }OQQQQQQgggggQQQQ
Florida. I have been a reader of was in one vineyard and saw Mr. W. A. Richards, of Ocala: Q

your valuable paper ever since I came vines that were set last winter that "The grape vines(Niagara) purchased" I Fraud d BUS .''nS Fruit \Wrappers, |>

to Florida, in 1884; was also a subscriber had made only about two feet of cane of you have done remarkably well. ,-J '-- -- __u_ c>
for several months before I and were not properly cared for, as Mr. Charles Hime, Ankona, Bre- 21
staked at all. .The vard Co.: "Mr. Hughes says that if
came here. I have been looking over they were not up )
the vines sent him continue as g E Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may Snow
of growing land was being put into a sweet pota. you
the subject grape very
() know that they Ret an honest Cream
close for the last two years, with the to crop, and more care was bestowedon they; started, they will run over the ;) of 480 sheets and not 400 or 330 g
expectation of setting a large vineyardfor the crop than on the grapevines, county." 3 sheets to ream as some unscrupulous S
myself. I was very much interested for many of the vines were partly cov- Rev. J. L. Pitner, ot St. Augustine, (') dealers supply. O
in the discussion carried on in your ered up with soil. A newly set vine- Fla.: "I never one-year-old vines C
several months ago in referenceto yard should have at least as much 50; well rooted; equal almost to two-
paper the value of Florida grown vines as care as any ordinary farm crop, as a pear olds from the North." J Wrappers aro put up In packages of
Mr. Rob. Ranson of Titusville .:) 1000 each, and each Wrapper Is num- o
vines from the North. Although vineyard is set for an indefinite time.J. ,
against O
tiered in printing consecutively from
times C. PARSONS. Fla.: "I have not got over my disappointment -
the discussion, at was 1 to 1000. No one can
() cJ >
Fla. in torines
Clermont regard
it was none the less satisfactory
quite spirited, 4
and of great benefit to me COMMENTS BY THE EDITOR. Northern grown. They are a J HONESTLY BEAT
pecuniarily how much just now I Now, here is a party who buys in poor lot and are looking very puny, ,::) our prices. Send for samples and
; ,
cannot tell.I Orlando a lot of grapevines grown in whilst all of your own" grown vines I.:)) prices to I

had been engaged in the cultureof muck land, plants them in thin pine ire strong and healthy. 3 The Jersey City Printing Co.
I have opposed five testimonies tome ,
for many years before I came land, and because they do not do as c>
here grapes, and should have bought Florida well as some he bought North, con- ) and am ready to produce more in a JERSEY CITY, N. J. (cO )
vines if the controversy had not demns in a lump all Florida-grown he same proportion, as I have a number neeo O oooaooeeeo O
grown of other letters testifying of the
taken place in your paper. I set sev- vines. and of Florida A( LARGE SIZE CRAYON PORTRAIT
eral acres of grapevines last February, Has not Mr. J. C. Parsons been high grade success our
mostly vines from New York State;and, disappointed more than once with grown; vines. Of Yourself or Friend FREE.
to test the difference,I bought 500 vinesat fruit trees bought in Florida, and E. DUP.OIS.: p We will make a large size Crayon -
Orlando, Florida grown, and set would that be a sufficient reason to San Luis, Tallahassee! ,.Fla.. D portrait, Free of charge,, of
-- *
time emphasize the superiorty of Northern- yourself or friend. We do this in
them out side by side at same I For Sleepiness E
with the same care. Today the vines grown trees? Because Tom, Dick and order to introduce our work ink
that came from the North have madea Harry have seen fit to improvise themselves L'se Hiiraforfl'rt; Acid Phosphate. your section of the country.

growth of an average of over six feet ; nurserymen and offer for sale Dr. C. R. Dake, Belleville, Ill., LIISEr4ESs GUARAr1TEED.Our s
on the main vine, and as much more I their broomsticks, would it be wise ays : "I have found it, and it alone, Crayons are made by a skilful
on the side shoots or laterals, with I for Florida planters to order their trees to be capable of producing a sweet artist and is a work of art.
about 3 per cent. loss; while the vinesI from Alaska or Maine, and discard the and natural sleep in cases oi insomnia /OVTliit offer In only for a short time. If
had from Orlando have not made an fine healthy trees grown by Mr. G. L. from overwork of the brain, which sooften your'rou want photograph a picture,at once enlarged",to the semi lu

average growth of over one foot, and I Faber r and other :Florida professional, ( occurs in active professional and II1 :h Grade Art: Oo., I
the loss is over 45 per cent. Had my j skillful nurserymen ? business men." 12:4: Quincy., Chicago.




FJn\\1E]\ : RSA> T''RIICI(ER cautions setting may go on right it is left without a pump to bring up that you mean, among other things,
through the hottest day if the soil is moisture from a depth, and the sun deeply plowed. Run deep furrows a
Strawberry Culture-No. 4. fairly moist. dries it into a stunted and premature foot apart, or as nearly that as possi--
Where plants have to be set without ripening.-ED. ble. In these furrows strew your ma-
The fact is announced that not a
earth on the roots they should be kept --- -.- nure or compost, cottonseed meal or
Michel plant can be bought in the done up in snug damp packages away Trouble With Celery Plants. commercial fertilizer. Of the former
State; the drouth of last spring and from the air. In spite of all precau- Usually it is exceedingly difficult to you may apply without stint, fifty one-
the heavy rains since have destroyedthem. tions all the hair-like, white, fibrous grow celery plants in mid-summer on horse wagon loads per acre; of the
Though excellent (for homeuse roots will die back to the main rootsor account of the beetles and other insects cottonseed meal or fertilizer, say 800
this variety is too feeble to with- clear to the bud, and even the main which prey upon the foliage. It pounds. A very good combination
stand the Florida summer, and no one roots generally die eventually; but if has been found, however, that strong would be 400 pounds of cottonseed
should plant it for commercial purposes. two or three of them can be kept aliveto tobacco water is an effective antidote meal, 300 pounds of kainit, 100
The fruit is too soft for long shipments.The pump moisture for the plant until it against these; but now comes another pounds of dissolved bone. Try a few
growers of Florida must improve can start out some new hair-roots, ail pest, the mole cricket. This insect rows with 400 or 500 pounds of soft
their methods of cultivation, or will be well unless an aggravated drouth does not eat the foliage, but it cuts off phosphate substituted for the bone.
the strawberry will presently fall intoa comes on. the roots in making its tunnels, and so Mix the fertilizer in the furrow with a
very bad condition. Plants will not It is of the utmost importance to set lifts the earth as to upset the plants foui-inch bull-tongue, cover it with a
with impunity endure year after year plants late in the day. The writer and leaves the roots exposed to the light turn-plow; then split the ridge
the double strain of yielding both fruit would rather pay at the rate of $5 a air, which makes them wither and with the bull-tongue, and drill the seed,
and runners. Picking comes about day for hands to set plants from sunsetto soon they will disappear so completelythat a bushel per acre, in the drill, cover-
the time when new settings ought to 9 o'clock than to have them set the casual observer would think ing with one furrow. If you have a
be made for the purpose: of growing gratis in the forenoon under an unclouded they had been consumed. good seed drill it will save much work;
plants for another year, and in the II sun, where they have no The only effective remedy againstthis but the seed must be covered at least
hurry this necessary work is neglected.The earth on the roots.-ED. tormentor will be to sift the earth two inches deep, and not sown in con-
spring drouth comes on before --. .. that is used in making the seedbeds, tact with the fertilizer. When sown,
. picking is over, then it is too late, or, Florida Onions-No. 1. and to make these inside of tight run over the land with a heavy rollerto
rather, too dry. The grower concludesto The few articles which will be pub- board enclosures which will excludethe firm the soil.
try the old plants another year, as lished on this subject will have refer- mole cricket. Even then it will You may think we advise a good
they have generally made enough run- deal of labor but one
be found in one now and then but if unnecessary. ;
the Bermuda onion in
before. the ence entirely to
ners During summer they
a large number of boxes are made it acre thoroughly well done will be
have a hard struggle with crab-grass Florida and will be based -
on experience. will be shut out from most of them worth much more than three acres
and it is all they can do to live without Though there is still ample time and the plants will escape its ravages.ED. poorly put in. One acre put in as
making any runners. Often a large for the preparation of the land, yet above described, with a fairly good
part of them perish, and the rest throw .-.-, season, will furnisj., an amount of for-
we to call attention to the neces-
out so few runners that the grower has Sowing Rye for Forage. age that will astonish you-enough fora
to buy some to fill out his beds. But sity of beginning in good season. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: cow and two or three horseswhilethree
the chances are that those he buys, There is undoubtedly a fair profit in I have three acres of flatwoods, acres not fertilized will not yield
unless grown by some reputable dealer, raising Bermuda onions in .this State rather on the high order, that is of anything worth cutting.We .
were propagated from plants that when they are matured and shipped good quality, thoroughly prepared, always had the most satisfactory
yielded fruit the foregoing spring. early, but the money in a late crop is that I wish to sow in rye for fall and results, with heavy stock like cows and
Thus the downward course goes on. hard to find. winter foraging for milch cows and horses, from mowing the rye. Sheep
In Bradford county the grower usedto In the first place, a small tender horses when not at work. I wish youto may be turned on to the pasture for
have a brisk time keeping the; run- onion is liable to be severely frosted, advise me the kind of seed to sow themselves but cows and horses destructively -
ners off his Nunan plants in the fall; so that its leaves will turn yellow and and where it can be had, the time and trample and sand the foliage.It .
but now they give him little or no die nearly to the ground. This givesit quantity to sow per acre. I wish in [ is more labor to mow it, but the
work in that direction, and his greatest such a setback that it will be a long the spring to follow it with some grass results are more satisfactory.Sow .
trouble is to get runners enough for time in recovering and getting started for permanent grazing and pasture. about October in a spell of
new plants. again; the spring drouth will overtakeit Am afraid of Bermuda, as it adjoinsmy damp weather.As .
More than that, the vitality of these and it will mature so small that it grove. What grass, in your judg-- to a permanent grass, you do
overworked and neglected plants has will command only a second or third ment, would be best sown or plantedfor well to fear Bermuda, for if it ever
become so impaired that they readilyfall rate price and so late that it would not the purpose named? Will new gets into a flatwoods grove you had
victims to the dieback or white sell high if it was as large as the largest.A pine land grow rye wihout fertilizer ? better move on; but in light pine land
bud in autumn. Even if they escape large vigorous plant will stand a If not, what kind should be used ? the case would be different. For eight
this they do not bear as they should in hard frost almost unharmed.In and in what quantity ? An early an- years we have lived on flatwoods soil,
the spring. the second place, onion seed swer will greatly oblige and be fully with daily observation of Bermuda,
Beds can be made very easily and should always be sown in a damp spellof appreciated by one of your subscribers. Louisiana grass and Japan clover. Our
cheaply by turning the crab grass sod weather, and in the fall these are J. H. SADLER. preference is emphatically for the
with a two-horse plow, furnished witha few and far between in the most favorable Oakland, Fla. Louisiana grass, though we have never
coulter into beds ten or twelve feet seasons. Fresh Bermuda seed New pine land will not, without had any experience in propagating it
wide. Then drive the cutaway over cannot be obtained before October i, fertilizer, yield a crop of rye of suffi- from seed, as it spreads spontaneously
them, cutting and grinding the sod up and it ought to be sown at once as cient density to be of any appreciablevalue in Bradford county. In your latitudeit
fine; follow with the rubber or plank soon as received. The land shouldbe for pasture or mowing. By will make practically an evergreen
drag to smooth them off and fill up all in perfect preparation by this date, giving a fair supply of manure and pasture-It does even here-while
the holes; run out the dead furrows so that the first damp spell that occurs using care and thoroughness in plant- Bermuda dies down in the winter.
once more with the heavy plow; after may be taken advantage of. ing-not sowing-the seed, you may Para and Johnson grass are an aboni-
\which a very little work with the hoe Always remember that there is no secure a heavy crop which will be nation in a grove, or in any land that
and hand-rake will put them in fine profit in a late small onion, and that, no satisfactory and profitable, but other- one may ever wish to cultivate.
condition. matter how fertile the soil may be, it wise you will be badly disappointed.The Louisiana grass spreads slowly, run-
The grower should be busy every will not grow large in hot weather. It oft-repeated advice of old Flori. ning out even Bermuda when let alone,
daylight hour, if necessary, from this may and will finish up the last thirdor da farmers not to plow new land over but it is easily killed by plowing. In
time until September 15 in getting a even the last half of its growth in three or four inches deep is based the flatwoods it makes a sod as denseas
stand. We strongly advise beginners hot weather and attain a generous size, upon the supposition that no manureis a Kentucky blue grass sward, and
especially to take up and set plants but if it has to make practically the to be supplied. There is only an all kinds of stock are exceedingly fond
with the garden trowel. Children can whole of its growth in the spring it inch or two of fertility on raw Florida of it.You
be instructed to take up and carry the will hasten to maturity when only a lands, and if that is buried down eightor might try a quarter-acre with
plants, while older hands set them. half or a third as large as it ought to ten inches of course, the crop roots Texas blue grass, but we have had no
Teach them to thrust the trowel downon be. If the seed is sown early in the will not find it and will make a starva experience with it.
the opposite side of the plant first, fall the hot weather compels the plantto tion yield, and you will be told that Peter Henderson & Co., of New
then on the side next to them, pryingup root deep, then these deep roots the land was "sour." It was not so York, are the only house we know of
carefully, so as insure an unbroken come in play in the hot weather of much sour as it was sterile. Let a who advertise Louisiana grass seed for
lump of earth as large as a turkeyeggwith spring and carry the bulbs through to generous supply of manure be given, sale. H. G. Hastings & Co., of In-
each plant. If it crumbles a little a large development. But if the seedis and nothing will ever be heard of terlachen, Florida, offer Floridagrownrye
press it between the hands to keep it sown late when the ground has be- "sourness" injuring the crop. -ED.Disordered.
solid and prevent the roots from being come cool, the plant roots shallow, You say your land is "thoroughly ,
exposed to the air.Vith these pre- then when the spring drouth comes on prepared," by which we will presume PILLS. Liver set right with BUECHAM'3!




Live An Aid to Poor Beef. ogy of the animal, "hen," a great deal pay for itself in a short time, both in
ptocl\\. We have frequently noted that a better than we do, wrote us some time eggs and in greater growth of chicks. .
great deal of second-rate and often since that he was feeding one good -Farm Poultry.
Lime for StockI inferior beef has been worked off in feed of it to his hens three times a I
have learned something about the make oneseventhof Profit in Squabs.A .
the markets in the last few years as a week, which would
management of stock here in the substitute for what was once a better all their food. He argued that pigeon loft may be an adjunct to
sandy Lake Region of Florida that is article. This has been rendered pos fresh cut bone was not fattening but the poultry business, and a considerable
so valuable I want to tell it to the sible largely by the increased practiceof was more nitrogenous than carbona I profit may be obtained from it.
readers of the Agriculturist.In refrigeration. It is well known ceous, rich in phosphates and espe- There is generally a good demand for
Kansas where I was raised stock that beef subjected some days to the cially easily digested as compared with old pigeons and for squabs, but the
was generally healthy. Horses did refrigerating process is thereby made dry, ground bone. The latter, having latter are always the most profitable if
not "go lame" without' apparent cause, more tender; and an article which been steamed-cooked in the rendering quick returns are expected. Young
nor did the cows have to be driven off really has nothing to recommend it in establishments, to extract all the fats squabs sell for a good price in winter,
to some clay bed, but there there this particular is not infrequently possible, contains but little besides the when they are used in the cities very
was plenty of lime in the soil, conse- vastly better by undergoing this pro- mineral elements in bone. It is better often for partridges and quail, and
quently great deal of the water was cess. This is one thing which is operating than no bone at all, much better; and none but the epicure can detect the
hard, and in drinking the water the to help out the Western until the advent of the bonecutterwas difference. The cost of raising themis
stock got plenty of lime. slaughterer. Killing, as he does, at a valuble assistant to the poultryman very little, for they eat very little
In Oregon, where I spent nine Chicago, Kansas City and elsewhere, but the cut fresh bone is infinitely grain or other food before they are
years, there was scarcely a trace of what is frequently a very low grade of superior as a food-ration, rich in the old enough for market. The parent
lime in the water, and the bones of beef, the product, packed in refriger- elements that make flesh, blood, bones, birds feed them, and practically they
men and animals were weak and human ating cars, transported East and deposited feathers, etc., and in the elements of "pick up" their living in the fields and
teeth decayed very fast. Herein in huge refrigerators, is all the which eggs are made. In this con- woods, demanding only a very little
the Lake Region there is no lime, time improving by the process. Thusit nection a Connecticut correspondentwrites extra food from the granary. The
and strong mules brought here from happens that a large proportion of "cut green bones, that is, bones squabs are thus practically raised at
the North almost invariably get lame. the people are eating beef from very fresh from the butcher, cannot be no expense at all, and they frequently
This is certainly for the want of lime. inferior stock, which has been so im I surpassed as a poultry food. They bring as high as 50 cents a pair.
Two months ago my mule was so proved, though, in the way indicatedas I are much cheaper and better than meat, There is a prejudice against keeping
lame he could hardly get up when to entirely deceive them as to its I and nothing will make chicks grow so pigeons on the farm among many, but
down. Condition powders were of no intrinsic quality.-National Stock- rapidly; it will also make hens lay, this is generally founded upon some
avail, and I feared his work days were man. even in coldest weather, and, as it little failure in the work which does
over, though he is only ten years old.I supplies material for the shells of the not apply universally. Pigeons are
thought of giving him lime, and began eggs you will not need to feed oyster useful on the farm in gathering and
feeding it to him in small dosesin Foult ry. shells while the cut bone is being fed," destroying countless weeds and seeds.In .
his food, and he began to get betterat all of which we cordially endorse. the summer and fall they pick up
once, and is now sound and well. Edited by E. W. AMSDEN Ormond Fla. How often to feed and how muchto their living in the grain fields, gather-
About a year ago we bought three Cut Bone and Animal Food. feed, are questions difficult to an- ing the shelled grain that would be
cows. We were told that they would We have always advocated a meat swer, becanse we cannot find that any lost, and not picking it from the pods.
have to go on to clay at least half the one has fed to excess. For laying There is no better fertilizer than
time would salt-sick. We diet for laying hens especially, but it makes and when flocksof
or they get fowls ten pounds for too hens a pigeon manure, large
saw Tilghman's advertisement for con- is as valuable for young stock. When good feed, and that quantity two or them arc raised they produce con
dition powders to cure salt-sick, so we grain is as high as it is in Florida, we three times a week would certainlynot siderable. When the hay is out of
purchased a package, but we have can well afford to use considerable be in excess. Ten pounds of the mow they should be allowed to
never yet had occasion to use it. We animal food. If we can't get it fresh, uncut bone doesn't look a large pile; fly in there, and they will pick up a
give the cows a little lime occasionally then we say feed the desiccated pre fresh, green bone is heavy, as it has : great deal that would be lost. They
and healthier cows I never saw. parations, fish and blood, meat and all the natural (animal) juices in it; I do little or no harm, while they destroy -
There is a splendid opening here bone. These are good substitutes, the juices (the richest part) which are : countless numbers of weeds in
for some one to have 500 to 1,000 but not equal to cut bone. The editorof all extracted in the rendering estab-- the gardens and fields. Of course, if
head of cattle. I am an orange Farm Poultry, in answer to many lishments, leaving only the mineral corn and grain are spread out for them
grower and do not care to be bothered correspondents on the subject, is and earthy matter to us in the bone daily in abundance they will devourit
with stock. I will, therefore, worth reading, and we hope none of meal. Cut up in a Mann bone cutter, but if not given this they will pickup
cheerfully answer inquiries if corre- our readers will miss it. however, ten pounds of fresh bone their living.A .
spondents will enclose stamp.CIIAS.F. E. W. AMSDEN.: will make quite a bulk, all we can carryin flock can easily be started and
MAY in Florida Agriculturist. a common bucket, and more. Our kept at home. It is only when poorly
Feeding Cut Bone. hundred fowls would be divided into treated or the flocks become too crowd.
The Horn Fly in Missouri. "How much fresh cut bone can I seven or eight families (twelve to ed that they leave their homes and
They appeared early in June and feed my flock of about sixty fowls," fifteen in a family), and the cut bone is settle elsewhere. Provide good nesting -
are rapidly increasing. I think they writes one of our readers, and another distributed among them proportionately. places and homes for them, scattera
will settle the creamery business for asks "how often can I feed cut bone We have no hard and fast rule; little seed around inside daily and
this part of the State. None of the I to fowls?" while still another asks we intend each family shall have a protect them from enemies and the
remedies recommended by the Agri-- "how old should chicks be before I I good feed of it, and they do. pigeons will stay at home.
cultural Department are practicable can feed cut green bones and how We begin feeding it regularly to chicks Cats, owls and nighthawks will often
except spraying, and that certainlywill much can I feed them at a time?" when they are two or three weeks old, drive pigeons away from home. If
not be done, as the farmers will These are but specimens of many but we frequently throw a handful to these animals and birds are around,
quit a business which has not been queries as to feeding cut bone which chicks but two or three days out of the doors to the pigeon lofts shouldbe
paying for some time, rather than be come to our desk, and it may be timelyto the shell, and they enjoy it. As we closed at night or some trap set for
bothered with the spraying pump. So consider the question a little and have lean trimmings, which we boil the marauders.
he parasite seems to be our best how we feed it on our farm. and chop fine, we prefer that the There are patent alighting boards
show; may they soon come to destroy With our cutter we can cut up about youngest chicks have their animal food and doors now which automaticallyclose
them. R. B. ECKLER. sixty pounds of fresh bones in an hour, supply from those, as they can eat after the pigeon goes inside and
Martinsburg, Mo and that quantity would be sufficientfor them better. We mix them with open again at the will of the bird.
REMARKs.-Our friend is, to say a feed for 600 fowls, or 1,000 bread crumbs, or some other ration, These are good devices for keepingthe
the least, a little previous. Farmers chickens a third to one-half grown. and as the cut bone is a little coarse enemies out, but the shotgun must
have had to care for their cattle as This we estimate from the fact that for baby chicks to handle, we give the often be called into service. In the
against the horn fly before this, and twenty.five or thirty pounds gives usa preference to meat trimmings for fall of the year there is quite a demandfor
to stand the racket of profit and loss, good feed for 300 fowls, and as we them. old pigeons for shooting clubs, and
no matter what the outcome. Whenit feed it twice a week only, one can In conclusion, we urge our readers to the old stock, which may be too toughto
is possible cattle may be kept in a understand they do not become sated feed fresh cut bone to make chicks sell for their flesh, can often be disposed -
dark stable during the day and fed with it; in fact they run for it eagerly grow and make hens lay. If you of in this way. The flocks
haven't bone cutter one, or club should be increased as largely as possible -
there, then turned out at nights to and eat it as though they loved it and a get
graze. The horn fly is a terrible pest, would> be glad to get more. with one or two neighbors to get one, every year, for they like company,
but in small herds the cattle may be How often should it be fed? We or get one and rent it to your neigh- and it gives more life and interest to
daily washed with diluted carbolic feed two times a week, Wednesday bors at ten cents an hour. A good a place to see pigeons flying around in
acid to keep them off.-Colman's Ru- and Saturday. Our valued friend, Dr. bone cutter is a most valuable addi-- flocks.-HELEN WHARBURDON, in
ral World. Gehring, who understands the physiol-- tion to the farm machinery, and will American Cultivator.


Editor. STATE HEALTH OFFICER. State which is the very fountain head
Board is desirous of making a
science in
of experimental quarantine ,
P. O. Address.La wtey,Fla. liars." Official Action of Dr.
examples of these "calamity Personal and which he said:
Porter.Dr. .
Our advices from the best authorityin Very truly yours, Porter is unquestionably a After throe successive seasons of sufficient -
JOSEPH Y. PORTER, disinfection of vessels at New Or-
New York are that the apple crop fearless and energetic officer, and a leans the period of detention has never
State Health
of the North will be about forty per man of very positive convictions. He exceeded five days thereafter, and i
Jacksonville, Aug. 24. have every reason to believe that this
cent. of a full crop. *. has made some bitter enemies in the may be safely reduced to three, but invariably -
Some Orange Prices. the hour of commencing
--- -- ports of South Florida by his resolute
The annual catalogue of H. G. On another page "Pioneer" gives a detention from the time of completed
enforcement quarantine regulations. disinfection. Lengthy voyages and long
Hastings & Co., seedsmen of Inter- profoundly gloomy picture of the< It is possible that from his "coign cvantage" periods of detention in quarantine re-

lachen, is on our table. It is a great orange industry in Florida, and pre- he move no source of danger, but on the
as a fever-proof person i contrary are full of peril to an over-
credit to the firm, and the firm i ia is dicts that, unless better systems of may bear himself sometimes rather confident community. Ob-

great credit to the State. marketing are soon devised, the industry servation of the records of vessels mani-
autocratically toward people more festing infection at the port of entrance,
will "pass into the hands of the timorous, because less scientifically after having been free from disease
The tenth meeting of the during the and at the port of
regular fittest. To throw a little silver lining and less bold than he in his voyage
grounded departure, will invariably show that such
American Horticultural Society, Par- around the dark cloud which he impenetrable armor. As a delegate manifestation has occurred among the

ker Earle, President, will be held in conjures up, we will mention a trans- Conference laborers who first went on board and engaged -
the aMontgomery
to Quarantine
in shifting ballast and cleaning
Chicago, beginning September 28, action which took place last season, which was composed of holds, or among the sailors who got out
1892, in the Tremont Hotel. showing how one of the "fittest" eminent from the depths of their bags and boxes
of physicians
_-_- seventy most articles which had been packed away
The executive committee of the marketed his crop.A of the South, he wore a suit of while in an infected atmosphere and not
crop of 42,000 boxes was srr'ppec clothing which he stated to the Con- since disturbed. Infection,whether con-
Florida Fruit Exchange estimate the veyed thousands of miles by sea, during
of it sold ference had been times in
house worn
to a single ; part at many hundreds of days, at the bottom of a
coming orange crop at 2,500,000* $1.90 f. o. b., part shipped out on treating yellow fever{ patients and sailor's bag is as highly dangerous as
boxes, and "think that the fruit grow- commission. The latter nettedas had never been fumigated, only aired. that brought in a closed carpet sack, in
ers ought to obtain $1.50 per box on part Of course he would not have done i as many hours, on a railroad: car on
much per box as the former, and this if he had believed that he was
the tree for good marketable fruit-if i land.The
the grower considered that he had imperiling the safety of his distinguished New Orleans quarantine syj-
they dispose of. their fruits in this: be the best in the
cleared $1.40 on the trees or say, in colleagues. tern, acknowledged to
manner." round numbers, $60,000. It has been said that nothing can I world, after requiring ten days' detention -
happen in a seaport of the civilized for sez'eral'ears, noiv requires only
An expert tells us how to eat the( It was sprayed fruit, well grown, world but that in less than twentyfourhours three days' detention after disinf ction.

mango correctly: The fruit, when ripe,, brightand silky, and worth the money.It a British bulldog will steam up In other words, as Wilkinson

is to be eaten from the hand, always was sprayed three times, once in and demand to know what is the mat- says in effect in the above extract, the

paring and slicing from the stem end. August, twice in September. Weather ter. If an infected vessel comes length of the period of detention is of
along anywhere between Cedar Key far less importance than the overhaul-
conditions were such last that the
After it will become year
trying you and Key West, it seems as if Dr. Porter ing and fumigation of all the baggageand
very fond of it, as it has a delicious rust mites did not, at least in this : always happens to be there or loose articles in the vessel clear

flavor and is the healthiest fruit known. grove, migrate from the leaf to the thereabout.: So, when the four-mast- to the bottom.At .

To eat it without soiling the hands in- fruit until late in the season; but this schooner Douglass lately developed the Mullet Key station the New
spring the leaf forage became dry and yellow fever at the Mullet Key Quarantine Orleans system is in force in all its
sert a one-lined fork in the seed at the
he was there and went aboard particulars, with the latest approved
distasteful to them owing to the
stem end. It makes fine pies and at once. The Pensacola News takes appliances. The hold of the vessel is

sauce, resembling that of green apples drouth, and they invaded the fruit exception to this action, arguing that pumped full of sulphur fumes and

when hard; also makes fine chutney, : earlier. he thus deprived the State of his official battened down tight for twenty-four

etc. I We mention the above instance to : services, at a time when they hours, and all baggage and loose ma-

...- show the value of good work in hand- were imperatively needed all along terial is subjected, in the on-shore cylin-

Calamity Liars. ling an It also shows the coast, for the prescribed detention ders, to a dry heat of 180, then to
orange grove. period; and that he ought to have: sent superheated steam at 235, which is
To the Public
: that early shipments are not alwaysthe a i subaltern instead of "bottling himself known to be much more effective than

You are advised that the rumors least profitable. These oranges up." sulphur fumes. The thoroughness of

current throughout the State of the were all gone and the grower had the I Now, all this is extremely foolish.Dr. this work is shown by the statement of

prevalence of the yellow fever at money in his pocket before the first of Porter did not "bottle himselfup the Plant Steamship Company some

Tampa or Ybor City, are utterly with- February. ," nor could any rational quarantine time ago, that they had on hand overa
bottle him thousand suits for to fine
out foundation. There is no yellow .-*-. regulations up. Being damage
Rural Population in California.The fever proof, he could go to the station, clothes.
fever in the State of Florida, nor has change his clothes, leave the old suit What is the use of waiting ten days

there been since the cases reported in San Francisco Examiner says: Behind him to be fumigated, and in or forty days, when at the bottom of

the third annual report of the State By the census of 1890 California had a an hour's time be ready and fairly en- the hold there may be a sailor's bag

Board of Health. These rumors population of i,z5oooopeople. Of this titled to go anywhere in the United surcharged with the poison and only

became rife the number about 600,000 reside in San States. Can the Pensacola News as- waiting to be brought on deck or
possibly through re
sign any reason why an acclimated, fumbled over to empty its seven deadly
Francisco, Oakland and other towns
of the State Health Officer of the
port fever-proof person should be letainedfive vials? Modern civilization would say
existence of yellow fever on the around the bay, at least 300,000 more days, or even one day? He did overhaul the ship from top to bottom,

. schooner "Eva Douglass" in quaran- in Los Angeles and other cities and stay; for several days conveniently near bring out all the baggage from every

tine off the Mullet Key quarantine towns adjacent, and 250,000 more the; Douglass, but the patrol steamer nook and cranny, disinfect everything,

station. Said schooner five reside in the other towns throughoutthe went on about its business. making short, sharp and killing work
being Another point that our esteemed of it; then dress the ship and her men
miles from the station and miles State, leaving as the entire population
forty Pensacola contemporary makes againstDr. up in clean clothes and after five dayslet
from Tampa. in the valleys on farms less than Porter is, that he insists on keeping them go about their business. Is

Your attention is called to Section 100,000 people, which would indicate the quarantine period down to not this better every way, in the interest -

766 of the Revised Statutes, and you that there are in the entire State less five days. It is true that the regulations : of commerce as well as of hu-

informed that who than 20,000 farmers, in which are of the Florida State Board only manity, than to hold the vessel ten or
are persons repeat demand five minimum fifteen burning in the witha
days as a (or days, sun,
fruit and
stories or rumors of yellow fever cases growers producers more at discretion); and it is also true quantity of baggage untouched downin

in the State come under the law and generally. Now, "as all wealth comes that the Montgomery Conference in the hold, ready to breed the disease

can be prosecuted by the State Boardof From the soil in some manner, what is 1889[ voted for a ten days' detentionin anew when opened up?

Health. I will be obliged for needed are more workers and a more all the States participating, of which Then as to that ominous'confidentialircular
any extensive cultivation of the soil." Florida was one. But in the same : ," which disturbs the mind of
information concerning parties who Conference a notable paper was ready Pensacola. It was confidential and
may originate or circulate rumors of f WILL&XCIIANG J.:$14 Winchester Single-Shot > Dr. C. Wilkinson, President of f was sent to all county and city boardsof

yellow fever in your section, as the ralue. T. J.for McMEEKiN.first-class Telescope McMeekin of, Fla.the same it the Board of Health of Louisiana, a health (Pensacola received one and



Rainfall of Florida-Interesting Record of the Weather for Twenty Years. for farmers, while shelled No. 1 bring

Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: 3J. c to 312c, and No 2 lCAIIFORNIA ; to 2c.

I band you herewith, as per request in your note of yesterday, table of rainfall by months, seasons and years, at Jack- FRUIT.
sonville since the establishment of station. Had I the time to spare I would take pleasure in attempting a discussion of the E. L. Goodsell reports in the Fruit

data. A glance at the table shows that the rainfall for the year ending with August, 1891, ((38.67 inches), is the least annual Trade Journal: The California market

amount recorded, and that the amount ((2.21 inches) for March, April and May\ this year is decidedly below any amount fora this week has not been as active as the

like period ever recorded here. two preceding: weeks. The number of
The rainfall since August 31, 1891, to date, is 38.58 inches, or a little less than for the year ending August 31, 1891, but cars handled has been fifty-eight. Plums
during the twelve remaining days of this month enough rain will doubtless fall to put the amount during the year ending and prunes have suffered most of all, and

with the present month ahead of that for the year ending last August.I prices have been very disastrous for
beg to suggest that the publication of this entire table would not only be interesting to your readers, but would be these. Anything fancy has been in demand -

very valuable for preservation and reference. and has brought from 1.50 up for


have suffered, and as low as has been
t > d d: eo1'EAR3. ...: realized for plums in good condition. In
Q as Q ...E ;:s ;:s as
"cpt. Oct. 1 o,.. Dec. Jan. Feb. Ich. Apr. )[ay. June. J u 1 y. Aug. urZ:s.... -c.' 1 C": 8 ;"""" ;=:s peaches there has been no change and
?::s w Qa c..:::: 8 -j! really good nut is in big demand. Fine

-- -- - - -- bring 1.60 to 1.75, whereas colored
1871-7' ........ 3.62 3.19 265 3 U 2.0 7.a: 2.(3 1.25 6.67 2.9' 6.(1 ....... 8..9 11.00 16.00 .... small fruit sells with difficulty poor at 1.25.One .
1872-73 10 7'9 6.37 1..6 4.81 3 94 59 59 0.56 5.52 8 (1 7.5 6.21 18.9'; 9.3-1 11.37 ":.37 62.00
Ifr.3-74 10.(7 565 2.88 3.38 0.82 7.33 2.13 1.00 5.38 5.rJ! 7(8 6 89 19.00 11.5.1 9.11 20.29 obstacle to an active peach marketat
1874-75 7.07 .10 2.9 fJoi 4.48 8 ro 1.80 2.98 I 9.08 I 5.41 014 10.19 10.11 14.00 13.86 15.7 53... higher prices than this has been the
1875-76 (.50 4.(9 218 3.42 .61 3.0 I 5.41 7.89 t t 1.86 (.17 282 8.07 11.17 ..08 15.16 15.06 M.(7 fact that many lots have been landing
1876-77 3.73 8.9'J 2.60 6.15 2 6.j 1.09 25a 301 2 (8 9 (7 4 82 '.82 15.25 9.89 19.11 52.27
1877-78 5.15 6.75 4.(9 3.3: 3.14 5.33 2.37 5.3.$ 1.52 5 (03): 4 63 I 2.85 16.39 11.78 9.27 12.51 (9.95 here recently, marked Susquehannas and
1878-:9 2112 3.81 139 3.86 0 63 I 3 51 I 1.3. 2.97 4.2.1) 1.25 5.U 8.39 28.3: 8 00 8.57 15.08 57.97 Crawfords that turn out to be clingstones.In .
1879-80 82! 9.45 1.2' 0.46 3.11 6.17 169 150 I 6.2t 3.00 5.9-1 j 8.96 18.93 9.80 94.1 17.00 6.06 Bartlett pears the greatest activity
1880-81 521 16.2) 6.09 1. '9 9.12 1.12 289 4 57 I 2.61 2.82 761 10.23 27.55 11.5.1 10.07 20.66 69.81
1881-82 458 2.87 341 M'.86 2.58 109 I I 089 5./I 3 I M n.:A S.H 5.75 5.65 I 10.86 6.53 8.33 16.M (2.25 prevails, the only difficulty being to get
18824.39 10.30 570 4.3& t... 0 48 I 38-1 '.(8 I :J.16 7.m I 6.88 I 7.63 I 20.39 9.59 11.(8 2,56 6.3.(13 the fruit here in good green condition,
1883-8 7.28 I 726 009 0(2 4.78 2.45'' 2 6J: 2.32 I 5.4: I 6.S!' : 6.02 I 5.21 H.63 7.6,1) 10.40 18.12 50.80 and most of the arrivals this week are .
188t-8. 5 68 '.12 5.43 4.01 7.18 5.23 ; 5.fJ6 I 1.2 7.74 i 8.9 I' ..16 I 7.56 15.23 16.4: 14.64 23.70 0.02:
1885-86 1963 336 0.50 1..6 2 81 1. 7' ti 'a 13.08 I : 281 I '..8 I 14.97 I 6.25 23.49 12.-1 ( 12.63 I 26.00 7.56 poor.. with the exception of the A. T.
1886-87 4.91 2.(7 0.97 320 4 34 0.34 I :UH I 4 15 7.15 9 68 I 8.90 ,5.76 8.3) 7.88 H.81 2.3-1 5.1).38 Hatch brand. Owing to the shortage of
1887-88 9.(0 1.57 0.10 3..0 0.49 I 4.38 1 57 I 0 ro 5.46 II 2.91 I 8.30 4.89 11.07 8.57 7.96 16.J1 (,'].71 refrigerator cars, supplies will probably
1888-89 11.15 600 4.16 2 88 5.89 i 3.M I 1.:18: ;3 9.) I 0.51 i 6.89 i 8.2' 5.25 21.31 12.62 20.38 60.15 be week.
lighter next total sales
My of
1889-00 8.49 126 0.51 ITracc. O.6J': 0.51 I 2.WJ I 0.9.E 9.20 I 1.80 9.70 '.26 10.26 I.H 13.Ot( 15..6 (0.20
1800-91 4.88 9.07 2.26 1.37 1 19 0.32 I '.O'! i 2.78 I 3.31 I 4.08 3.67 16.n: 2.88 8.52 11.0 38.67 this week have been twenty-six cars,
1891-9'J 10.83 4.43 1.53 346 I I 39'J : 0... i 0.6 I 0.)] I 1.34 !! 6.38 3.16 .1.82 16.9 8.2'I I 2.21 .. .. .. .. .. which have sold at about the same

Totals .... 167.50 1118.12 5.1(2 Mrej .O.w ::6uo'6' 6105() 87.99 !U5.97- 13: n 129.15 3)2.195.- .i. 1215.71' 368.29 IM8.9!. proportion of gross results as was the
case last week.

Means ....1 8.38 I 5.61 I 2.54 I 3.05_ :13.36_ -2.91 :-3.7! __ 2_91 __: 4 19 1 _5.52 6.3: 6(6: 16.61 ,,9" 10.27 Ui-55:2i: *) ..... -

Jacksonville, Florida, August 199 18re.! *To August 19. E. R. DEMAIN, Observer Weather Bureau. THE APPLE CROP. j t'

-- --------- -------- A
-- --- -- -- ---- -- at writ.
-- ---- ---- -- -- correspondent Indianapolis, ,

receipted for it), and was sent out in first place, Pensacola is well protectedby ing of apples, says: Apples are selling for' ,
]JVI&rlcets.JACKSONVILLE\ double their usual price at this time. "It
accordance with the recommendationsof her admirable I
own quarantine sys is an almost unheard of thing to see Ten. (C" .: ;
the Montgomery Conference, to tern-another fact of which Florida is nessee apples in this market at this sea- .

put the proper officers on their guard proud ; and in the second place, the FLA., August 24. son," said L. F. Adams, "but almost no r.. .
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. apples are coming from Indiana and Illi- J
without disturbing the people prema Cuban smugglers, which carry yellow

turely. It was simply the dictate of fever, do not range as far north as that. These[Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] nOI barrel. at Apples this time.should Now sell they at 1 sell to 1.50 at 2.50 per J .
are average quotations. Extra choice
common sense and common caution. They are not so foolish as to run four lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor up. First-class apples could be sold for 5. T.,
We have before us a copy of this hundred miles north to make a land lots sell lower. Columbus, Ohio: The apple crop in this "V .

.. ......... ...... ..
confidential Lemons,Fla .. .. .. 2.00 to 3.00 vicinity is a failure this and
circular. After recitingthe ing among hostile Americans, when on Messina: .. ..... .........._... 7.00 year, good 3'
facts as to the schooner Douglass the lower coasts of Florida they can Limes, too........... ..... ............ .40 to .50 apples are in good demand at 4 per bar444.. :;c
Pineapples, crate............ ... .. ... 3.50104.00 rel. Some very ordinary apples are selling ._ -
already known, it adds: I find hundreds of Cubans ready to Bananas bunch..... .... ... ......... .. I.SO to 1.75 at 3.50. Peaches are also very scarce, .. '... ., .J
..... ...........
The vessel has been anchored five i i assist them. The Missoe does not Potatoes barrel 2.50 some fine Indiana and Illinois
peaches .
new sweet bushel...... ...... -
75101.00 ,
miles to leeward of the station, out of the cruise at all on the east coast of the Cabbage ... .. ........ .. .......... .09 selling at 4 per bushel. i'1 .( .
track of commerce. and communication .. ...... .. .. ........ .
no Onions, crate. ... 1.00 to 1.25 Cleveland: During the orange season ... ... ..
is allowed with her, nor has there State, because there is no need of it; Turnips barrel...... ................. 2.00 the is the .
been but it is Dr. Porter's intention to run Beets .. ................ ....... 2.50 apple worst competitor. Last i'tj' ') ? "
except through the State Health Carrots, ..... ............. ...... 2.50 year both were plentiful and cheap; this llJt J I
Officer. A competent nurse has been the vessel up to Pensacola every Parsnips ......... .............. 2.50 year apples will be very short, therefore --I f #
dozen....... ................
placed on board, and as soon as towagecan week his in Radishes .40 will have clear ;
be as soon as plans get fairly Cucumbers....... .................... oranges practically a field. .
procured the vessel will be sent to operation. Celery ..... ............. ............... .5010 .60 The great failure of the apple crop will rIf, :
the government refuge station at Dry Egg Plants each...... ...- ........ .05 to .06 greatly benefit prices for oranges.
Tortugas.No Fulsome laudations of the State Beans, crate.......... ................. 1.50
danger threatens and Board are not needed and they only Tomatoes......... .. ........?.....N... 1.50
on cessationof Peaches,bushel. -. ...... ..... ..... 2.00 NEW YORK 1'
the fever, and before pratique is given do it an injury ; but full and accurate Pears barrel..... ................... ... 3.50104.00 August 20. \ : I '-4
her from this station she will be thoroughly ,I of the actual work Squashes slow sale bbl ... ........ 100 to 1.50 Pears: Georgia Bartletts, per crate,
accounts accomplished ..._...... .. .. ..
fumigated.The Watermelons ... _. .08 to .10 1.50 to 2.00; LeConte, 3.00 to 4.00
will do much to set Florida Mangoes, TOO......... .. .. ............. 1.00101.50. barrel per
News further says: "Quickly Grapes, black, xo-lb. basket.......... 50 to.75 ; Kieffer, 3.00 to 4.00; grapes, Vir-
following the issuance of that circular right in the eyes of the American peo Guavas.3.peckcrate..... .. .... 2.00 ginia Ives, eight-pound baskets, 30 to40c;
Moore's Early, 40 to 60c; Concords, 40 to
came the action of the Board of Healthat ple.The POULTRY AND EGGS. 50c Delaware and
owners of the Douglass, in con- ; Niagara, four-pound
New Orleans, which threatened to Hens.J .30 to .35 baskets, 40 to 60c; watermelons, per car,
sideration of the have
close Georgia, Alabama, Mississippiand Florida scare they givento Broilers...................... .20 2510 to .25.30 75.00 to 150.00; lemons, prime, 4.00 to
Louisiana ports against Tampa have expressed their pur- i.ootoi.25 5.00; ; Southern damsons, 6 to 8c per _
of the vessel North not Ducks.. to c cGeese. PALMER
pose taking 20 .35 quart. RIVENBURO & Co.
unless an improvement in methods .
was made. I touching at any Florida port. An- Eggs.soto igto .20.75 .
other of will be lost
What "confidential" sources of information cargo phosphate Spraying Lemons.

has the News that are denied but the State had better lose twenty NEW YORK, Aug. 22. Editor: Farmer and Fruit-Grower: }n\ : t .

cargoes than acquire the pestilence. There is a good supply of peaches,with There is no doubt about Bean's Insecticide -
to the rest of mankind? No such Mountain Rose bringing 1.50 to 2.00 per : making the fruit bright if properly (1

action of the New Orleans Board has basket, and 1.25 to 1.50 per crate. Early applied. I used it this season on threeI I

ever been heard of at the headquarters FOR SALE York, Stump, Yellow and Old Mixon lemon roves; applied it once a month, \ .

of the Florida Board; and the range about the same. Jersey baskets three pints to a barrel of water. In two ,' .. .
Louisiana Board has the or would exchange for bearing grove and pay bring 1.50 for prime and 75c to 1.25 for of the groves a few rusty lemons can be ; j
always, as cash difference. Forty acres of rich Pine Ham- plain, with culls as low aa 40c. Pearsare found' but there is not a single rusty

baldest courtesy requires, notified this I mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with slow sale except Bartletts, which lemon in the other grove. 1 did not \

State of any complaints it had to offer. I plank causeway >{ mile long, with dock and range at 3.00 to 5.00 per barrel, and 2.00 spray last year and my fruit was so rusty (il (
It is not true that the State patrol ferry i mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha to 2.50 per keg, while Southern bring 1 that it could not be sold; but I defy any

steamer had not "been within fifty River; 4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA. to 1.50 per crate. Kieffer range from one to show any prettier lemons than are
I 3 to 4 per barrel, and LeConte 2 to 4.00. now in these groves. r\ ,, .'. .
miles of Cedar Key for four months. f TREADWEL.L. Grapes, when choice, bring 50c to 65c ALFRED AVER. ..

She had beerat that port only a few I per 8-pound basket, while Niagaras Lake Weir, Fla., August 23."SggssB r '.

days before the Douglass case came j Redding Conn. range from 50c to 75c per 4-pound bas- -

up. But it is true that she has not ket. Up-River Champions firing 4c .to .? ssHHyraHF p. \.
f NORTH CAROLINA 6c per pound. Watermelons are in good
this year cruised up to St. Marks, I COLLEGE? supply at 15 to 18 for large per 100, and TREES II PLANTS
Apalachicola and Pensacola, notwithj j j :1 7 to 14 for small to medium. Plums are

standing the latter city's "commerce )r and Next PbiloeophicaJ session will coarser begin Sept.Academic t Classic Department.*!. Scientific.Preparatory slow, Up-River egg bringing 4 to 5 per we: offer ara and. tine.' atoek; iffiafiBieu! ... 7 ..
four for College. Commercial Department, foil barrel, and 1.75 to 2.25 keg Southern toe V1a "timal' ,J1R1I : .
is times that of all the ports south coarse. Instruction thorough and practical. Good per ; nUl and Jl'OJt&-4T llyd.a PJ"a.h, ...
brick building Beautiful and healthful location Lxpenses Damson, 7c to 9c per quart. Peanuts azice4 Wogaa mailed TU..x. NY.F.UldN.JIt4. J ....
of Cedar combined" : free &tabUabed.a ?
Key fact of 832;
session of 38 weeks, S15O.OO.
per S OO.QO to tiJ meet with moderate sales at 4c to 4.c
For catalogue and farther information address tae PHCENIX NURSERYCOMPANY
which Florida is
justly proud. In the f t.President Her.J.VYSlllllE Y. ,, for fancy hand-picked, and 28c to 338'c l**.*iwn Ie SUUIX< ICTZU A CO, ? .JU.AUGUST .



Our paws struck only the air, and then I saw not turn yellow on the trees. The Mr. Dan Marshall, superintendentof
Y oun _ollcs. a gray form double itself into a ball and same fact is noticed on the Jones Mr. O. W. Prince's orange grove,

bound upward. Out of that ball flew grove at this place and at the grove of near Apopka, while on a recent visit _
Good for the Mule.I two legs, which shot back and forth with Wofford Grand Island.- to Orlando was questioned by a
Mr. J. on rep-
the rapidity of piston rods, going thump,,
bought a large iron-gray pack mule i thump upon the body of the grizzly,. Tavares Herald.Dr. resentative of the Reporter as to the

to carry my goods across the Sierra Na- Up and down went the body and back C. O. Myers, whose splendid prospect for the present orange crop
vada. I clinstened him Pete. The day and forth went the two pile drivers. The in the Apopka region, and he stated
Orlando east
after we started we-Pete and I-came bear was struck all over-on his head, on ranch adjoins on that the sectionnot
to a nice grassy place. I tethered.} Peteto his shoulder, on his side, on his paws. drove to town Monday a very fine colt I throughout Apopka
a tree, allowing him about twenty feet He fell in one direction then another. I which he raised. It was just one year II more than a half crop of fruit

range, and taking some ham and crackers He was kicked into the air,and pounded, old that day, and for size, style and would be gathered, but thtt the qual-

out of my haversack, sat down on a and at length lay on the ground a shapeless beauty is hard to beat. It is a Ken ity is above the average, very little
fallen tree to eat them. While I munched mass, while Pete quietly returned to rust having made its This
the ham and crackers Pete croppedthe his interrupted grazing without a hair tucky thoroughbred, all its points appearance.
fresh grass which grew long and injured-Louisville Courier-Journal. being perfect, and measures fourteen appears to be the general opinion of

green. Suddenly he reared up and hands in height. It is a sure enough orange growers around this section of

snorted in a manner that very plainly beauty. The doctor has the finest the State. The growers express belief
said, "Look out !1"I tateeWs in a profitable yield through the
sprang to my feet, and it was well I herd of blooded cows in this part of
of the fruit the
did so, for it saved me from the embrace '" the State.Record.The superior quality upon

of a very large, hungry and ferociousgrizzly Honey by the carload sounds rather Tallahassee Board of Trade I trees.-Orlando Reporter.
erect and
who standing
bear was
preparing to throw his paws around me.I large for Florida, and yet that is the had an accurate census taken of the Productions of Brevard county in

rushed for the nearest tree and was up way it has been going from New tobacco crop in Leon county. Thereare 1891:

in no time.I Smyrna lately.A 146 crops, from a quarter of an
was safe for the time being, but, Corn, 141 acres, 1,745 bushels, $i-
train rounding the curve at Trout acre up to thirty acres, aggregating
alas, poor Pete 1 The bear went about 602; oats, 13 acres, 190 bushelsio8;
in cool and complacentmanner. Lake ran into a drove of fine horses 42012 acres. An encouraging pointis '
things a very sweet potatoes, 59 acres, 7,411 bush-
I could see by the expressionof and mules and killed about$900 worthof that there are so many small crops,
rice bushels
els acres
$5,889 4 105 ,
his eyes that he was taking Pete's them.-Eustis Lake Region. showing that the beginners are pro-
measure, for he cocked his head over on The value of this $100; field peas, 54/ acres, 650 bush-
Letters from the DeFu- ceeding carefully.
one side and assumed an appearance of growers at els, $775; peanuts, i acre, 20 bushels,
have critics niak show that their peaches have been crop is estimated at $52,000; and as
great wisdom, as you seen $20; Irish potatoes, iSy acres, 1,152
look at a picture. netting them $2 to $2.75 per one-third this is practically the first crop raisedin bushels, $2,224; peaches, 205 trees,
Pete's behavior, much as I had already bushel crate. They have also been the county, this prospect is en-
$305 cane
; sugar 42
animal 152
that ,
learned of sur-
for their couraging. It shows a way out of
prised me. When I was safe his alarm receiving good prices grapes, acres, 397 barrels of syrup, $7,260;
disappeared altogether. He dropped his and have shipped large quantities of the wasting dominion of cotton. hay, 28 acres, 38 tons, $660; tobacco,

head and began to nibble the grass again. them.-Pensacola News.G. Messrs. Thos. Sandberg & Com- y acre, 904 pounds, $105; honey,

He went on with his grazing just as if W. Hawthorne, of Hawthorne, pany's schooner, Marion, in commandof 517 hives of bees, 34,340 pounds, $2-
such thing as a grizzly
beer in were the He would nip oil the was in the city yesterday, and informed Capt. J. Grant, brought about 80-, 321; cabbage, 67 acres, 8,302 barrels,

succulent green stems, and chew with us that G.V.. Riles, of that 000 twelve inch pineapple slips from $7,740; squashes, U acre, 84 barrels,

great steadiness and regularity, and occasionally place, has sold his orange crop on the the; Bahama Islands on her last trip. $170; egg plant, U acre, 30 barrels,

I could hear his contented trees for$1,700, and J. C. Barrington, She started off again for Nassau and $265; grape fruit, 132 trees, 50 bar-

. snort bunch as of he struck an unusually delicate also of the same place, has sold his other British islands on Monday; and rels, $167; oranges, 99,486 bearingtrees

grass. for $i loo.-Gainesville Sun. Mr.\ Sandberg informed us that the boxes $293,330 201-
Pete kept on grazing. The bear was 165,532 ; ,
as much astonished as I was. Evidently Leesburg has 1,400 inhabitants and Marion would bring 100,000 slips on 611 non-bearing trees; lemons, 1,697

he considered such conduct without a has erected forty substantial houses this trip. One of the owners, Mr. H. bearing trees, 17,343 boxes, $3,155;

parallel, for he looked harder than ever is Machattia, was on board during theMarion's non.bearing trees limes 646
It ,
at Pete, then scratched his head and within the last two years. quitean 21,951 ;
the Bahamas. Mr.[
tried to think out an answer to the prob- orange center. We were informed trip to trees, 343 boxes, $486; pineapples,

lem. But Pete camly went on with his that: there were more than 200,000 Sandberg told us he was going this 2,268,850 apples, $144,865; bananas,

grazing and looked neither to the rightnor boxes of oranges grown within a radiusof timeIndian River Advocate.The 17,502 bunches, $10,268; cocoanuts,

held to the breath.left, while I sat in my tree and ten miles of this place last year.- Orlando Grape and Frui.t Com- 631 trees, 560 nuts, $56; tomatoes,

By my and by the bear arose, made a Commercial.The pany, under the management of 154 acres, 16,406 boxes, $27,307; cu-

grand circuit around the tree in order to editor of the Kissimmee Leader Haynes, Young & Bailey, has 61,000 cumbers, i acre, 60 crates, $300; beans,

watch Pete from every angle and point. visited a six-acre test field of tobacco, pineapple plants set, most of which 166 acres, 19,679 crates, $39,885;

Getting no satisfaction out of that modeof of it on reclaimed muck like that are of the finest varieties. They were strawberries i U acres, 1,000 quarts;
he to tree part
came over
and procedure looked up at me for an ButI of the St. Cloud sugar plantation, part imported from the Azores islands The $$300$ ; grapes, 23/ acres, $800; wine,

had none to give him. Between the of it on pine land. He writes in high above company has under cover a 500 gallons, $500; horses, 165, $16-

bear and move began to think that Pete praise of the plants, but gives a slight pinery of six and a quarter acres, the 190; ; .mules, 66, $6,815; stock cattle,

had lost his mind. Perhaps fright at the preference to those on the pine land. largest, probably, in the State. Some 69?, $36,535J; hogs, 1,384, $1,890;
bereft him
appearance of the bear had so weeks chickens, 3,679, $1,757; ducks, 67,
of reason that he continued to eat grass The yield will be enormous. ago a gentleman, formerly con
through the mere force of habit. nected with the botanical gardens in $72; turkeys, 144, $174; eggs, 3,644
Fort Dallas is gradually emerging
Soon the grizzly's appetite overcamehis vines the West Indies, visited the above dozen, $7,691; milch cows, 262, $4-
of and
from the trees
curiosity, and he prepared for work. pinery. He says that it is the largest 730; milk, 40,810 gallons, $13,354;

He seemed to me to make a critical examination underbrush which have completely collection of choice varieties in the miter, 5,I 10 pounds, $I,570.-1n-
of his destroying apparatus.He i hidden it from view for several years. lian River Advocate.
stretched his front paws and slapped i The fine Jersey cattle brought by Mrs. world.-Orlando Reporter.

the muscles of each with the other. Evidently Tuttle from Ohio last October are in ---
he was satisfied that he was in
good trim, for he showed his great teeth fine condition and are doing as wellas

with joy. He appeared satisfied that he if in their Northern pasture. Care f a

was fit to demolish a whole drove of and food are all that is needed to keep

mules. cattle in South Florida.-Juno Sun. PARESISUCONSUMPTION
These things done, the bear gave the
signal for action. He opened his mouth This year's mango crop has fur-

and emitted a series of growls which I. nished the people of this section withan

made my flesh creep and my hair rise abundance of that most deliciousof
under my hat. fruits. The is a largeone ( OF TIlE BRAIN). TIlE BRAIX (from a photograph).
crop very
Pete stopped for a minute. Pete wenton In Healthy Condition. With Parab Lesion
grazing. His countenance expressedno and will aggregate for the whole Restlessness, a feverish feeling, sleeplessness,periodic headaches, dizziness,dimness of vision,
proof that he had heard the growlingof State about 12,000 boxes, or nearly ringing in the ears, difficulty in thinking, trouble in remembering names and the lace even of
the grizzly. The latter dropped on of fruit and Hillsborough friends. The victim of Paresis is often shocked or annoyed by little noises and trifling things.
2,000,000 The nervous system is often in such condition that very slight causes,or even no cause at all,
all fours, with his hungry mouth open county will furnish more than half of may excite to sudden outbursts of anger. A feeling of pressure upon the brain Is frequently
and his great teeth disclosed. Still Pete the whole amount the followed by seasons of despondency,mental depression alternating with periods of wild,illusive
made no sign that he either saw or heard, greater part hopes. When the brain begins to consume or decay many of these symptoms become aggravated.The .
but confined his attention strictly to the from Point Pinellas.-Port. Tampa world seems strange or different from what it was in the past, thought becomes a positive
business of finding dinner. The bear, Mail. effort and life an intense burden.
The system needs soothing, toning, and building up. Something unusual Is demanded.And .
the latter in view, rapidly Orange shipments in August are not here is where the great difficulty has always been-to find something pure and yet positive
approached until he was in striking distance realized this when he began his investigation
in its results. The late Irot Phelps, of Dartmouth College
and then, rearing up, prepared to usual in Florida, but this week Major which resulted in the discovery of Paine's Celery Compound. He knew men and
disembowel Pete and break his neck St Clair-Abrams has shipped some omen required something heretofore unknown to the world, and his great discovery has furnished -
It. This compound checks Paresis even after it has secured a foothold In the system.
with one blow. twenty boxes from his grove. Theyare Taken on the approach of the first symptoms, it will positively prevent their increase. Iii high
Down came the outstretched paws,and from the October bloom. A curious endorsements by the medical fraternity and the cures it Is affecting easily account for ita wonderful -
at that moment Pete seemed to become popularity and the unusual stir It has caused in this community. ..
fact about them is that while -
for the first time of the
aware presenceof DIAMOND DYES are Strongest, Simplest Fastost.1 .
and of good flavor they will
the grizzly. He sprang forward, the fully ripe




the parts should be kept constantly kindness, called at the house, and, rub down and not the inner side of
Our Rural Jiome! wetted with the diluted glycerine, or saying he had heard of my little one's the leg. The object is to nourish and
'" spread for a day or so with sperma- illness, urged me to use pineapple strengthen the outer muscles whichare
The Question of Pin Money on a ceti ointment before beginning treat- juice. The old fellow declared that proportionately weak. Begin be-
Farm."I ment with glycerine. And here a in Louisiana, where he came from, he low the ankle and rub to the knee,
never have five cents even for word may be said about glycerine; had seen it tried many times, and that slowly and quietly, but not too lightly.
is heard that in each it had effective.So This in
complaint frequently case proved treatment faithfully persevered
postage stamps without asking for it.
glycerine disagrees with the skin; this I secured a pineapple and squeezed will soon correct the trouble.Ex..
The speaker was a young wife, who sometimes happens from applying it out the juice. After awhile we -... ..- -
in her girlhood earned regular wagesas without dilution with water to a badly got some of it down the boy's throat, Hints and Helps.
a seamstress, and when married chapped surface. By diluting pure and in a short time he was cured.- To REMOVE FINGER MARKS FROM
found her financial position changed. glycerine with five or six times its Grocer's Criterion. VARNISHED FURNITURE.-Rub the
Eben held the purse strings and made bulk of water, we gain a lotion which furniture well with a very little sweet
of But imparts and The Right Way to Drink Milk. oil soft
plenty money. new machinerywas delicacy, suppleness an upon a rag.
often needed; improvements must agreeable sensation to the skin. And Few people know that there is a A
be made; hired hands cost a good deal, its regular use permanently softens, good way and a bad way of drinkingmilk.
The bad is that which one egg to a froth with two teaspoonfuls -
and so no allowance was thought of strengthens and preserves the skin way
for the wife, who had the position of from the effects of heat, cold and dry- they generally follow-viz.: to swallowa wine of and sugar drink; then at beat into a glass of
"nurse, seamstress, housemaid, cook," ing winds. Woman's Illustrated large quantity at once. When milk once.
with the added duties of motherhood."I World. goes into the stomach it is instantly To SCALE FISH EASILY.-Dip them
always have a lump in my throat *-.-+ curdled, and if it is curdled into one into boiling water about a minute be-
Nervousness.Learn the of the stomach fore beginning to clean them. The
when I ask for a dollar, she said, big mass juices can
"and I used to go to his pocketbookfor to.keep still outwardly, even work onlj on the outside of it. Thisis scales will come off much more easily
spare change, for at the marriage as to hands and tips of fingers, as to the reason that many people who than by scraping.
service he said, 'With all my worldly feet and head, and you will find rest like milk, and to whom it should be of VINEGAR CANDY.Take three cupsof
goods I thee endow. But when little and quiet coming to the mind as a the utmost benefit, cannot drink it. sugar, one cup of vinegar and a
Tom began to steal pennies becausehe result. Sit when you sit and stand They say it gives them indigestion, piece of butter, egg size. Boil twen-
wanted something and could not still when you must stand. No one and they are right. Let them give it ty minutes; pour over plates to cool.
get it, I began to wonder if I had done can tell how much of the beautiful another chance. But this time they Flavor, but do not stir.
wrong and the sin was visited on him." serenity of the Quaker comes from the must sip it slowly, not taking more To KEEP STEEL KNIVES.-Steel
It was a sad contrast, this little outward stillness and quiet of their than a good teaspoonful at one sip knives which are not in general use
mother's tender conscience, with a worship. Do not allow yourself to and taking at least four minutes to may be kept from rusting if dipped ina
world of trickery and knavery, move nervously fast, and the more finish a glassful. Each little sip thus strong solution of soda (one part
Nowhere is this lack of pocket nervous you are, the more deliberateall becomes curdled up of itself when soda to four of water), then wiped dry,
motions should be. When the into the stomach and the
felt so much as farmers' passed diges-
money among rolled in flannel and put in a dry place.
wives and daughters. Many of them scissors slip tOthe floor, the knot you tive juices percolate freely around it
go from positions in the city, teachers, were sure you had made at the end of and it speedily becomes assimilated. To CURE LOVESICKNESS.- Love-
typewriters, saleswomen, with a regular your basting thread is not there, the -.- sickness is caused by indigestion and
salary-a good cook can earn her button hole twist kinks, knots, and, Home-Made Ice Cream. may be cured by drinking a pint of
fourteen dollars a month. She may taking on a life of its own, becomes a Anybody can make his own ice hot water half an hour before break-
marry a young farmer, and with all self.flinging lasso in pursuit of any cream in five minutes, and for an expenditure fast each morning. Fresh fruits, par-
her life before her decide to be his I game, and the needle going through of two or three cents, says ticularly lemons, have a salutary ef.
helpmate and money-saver. How they I perilously hard, finally snaps into i a correspondent. If the preparation fect.To
work and struggle to pay off the farm, three pieces-in short, when, to use desired to be frozen is placed in a tin PREVENT MOLD ON TOP OF
to get the necessary improvementsmade that old, felicitous phrase, the "total bucket or other receptacle it can be JELLY.-Pour a little melted paraffine
But when the fight is partlyover depravity of inanimate things" is man readily congealed by putting it in a over the top. This when cool will
sometimes the young wife has a ifestly in the ascendant, that is the pail containing a weak solution of harden into a thin, solid cake, whichcan
feeling of envy on Saturday nights, time for delay and dallying. When sulphuric acid and water. Into this be lifted out when the jelly is used,
when her husband pays the "hands" you are waiting for a train, don't keep throw a handful of common Glauber and may be saved for the same pur-
who have worked for him, and has perpetually looking to see if it is com salts, and the resulting cold is so great pose next year.
ing. The time of its arrival is the that bottle of wine immersed in the
not a dollar for her, for she knows a To SUPPORT ONE'S SELF IN THE
that they have been fed while she has business of the conductor, not yours.It mixture will be frozen solid in a few WATER.-When a person falls into the
served; that they have slept while she will not come any sooner for all minutes, and ice cream or ices may be water he will rise to the surface and
lost hours of slumber with the precious your nervous glances and your impa- quickly and easily prepared.-Ex. remain there if he does not lift his
babe in arms, and that they can .buy tient pacing, and you will save strengthif i hands above the water. A slight pad-
clothes that she would feel it extrava you will keep quiet. After we Removing Rust from Knives. dling motion of the hands at the sides
gant to wear.-Montreal Witness. discover that the people who sit still When knives and other steel cutlery will keep the head above water with-
on a railroad journey reach that jour- become should be
-*- -*- rusty they out drowning until the person is res
Nice Hands. ney's end at precisely the same timeas cleaned at once. To remove the rust, cued. If the legs are moved in the
The best adornment for the handsat those who "fuss" continually, we rub with a flannel dipped in sweet oil; motions of walking up stairs the shoul-
any time is the dainty elegance of have a valuable piece of information, then cover it with slacked lime and ders will be kept above water.
well-kept finger nails; but this is an which we should not fail to put to a allow it to rest for twenty-four hours;
elegance not easily attained, especially practical use.-Anna C. Brackett, in wipe clean and finish off with some
where one is engaged in manual The Technique of Rest. powdered whiting and a piece of chamois -
labor. It is possible, however, to H.H leather. This will make the Morning
preserve the beauty of finger nails, Pineapple Juice for Diphtheria. article as bright as new. An excellent
also that of the hands, by the observ- Diphtheria prevails to an alarming way to prevent steel cutlery (from rust H Noon
ance of certain precautions, the avoid- extent in many parts of the West at ing is to plunge the blades in a pan of
ance of strong soaps and too hot wa- I the present time. We have frequently whiting after washing, and remove NightGood
ter, and the application of proper called the attention of the readersof them just before they are used. When H
remedies for dryness and tendernessof the Criterion to pineapples as a they: are wiped they will be perfectly all the time. It removes
the skin. The hands of many per- remedy for this dangerous disease. bright, and if kept in this way cannot the languor of morning sus-
sons are peculiarly liable to chap and We have tried them in our own fami-- get rusty.-Ex.
become troublesome. To remedythis ly and found them very effective. ._._< tains the energies of noon lulls
condition and to strengthen, nothing Pineapples will sometimes give immediate BABIES THAT TOE IN.-Mothers, the weariness of night.
is so excellent as pure glycerine relief when other remedies have whose babies toe in, rub(at least twicea
diluted with two or three times its failed. A correspondent of one of day) the outer side of the little legs
weight of water, to be rubbed into the our city papers who was on a visit to with a firm stroke upward. You can Hires'Beer

skin before retiring. A pair of loose, :Mississippi some time ago with his do it regularly when putting baby to :. :..
soft, old kid gloves should then be family says that while there one of bed, and at such other times as may appetizing.Don't .
delicious sparkling
drawn on and worn during the night. his family was taken with diphtheriaand be convenient. When the little one ,
Before rubbing on the glycerine the his death was only a question ofa climbs into your lap for a "cuddle" or be deceived i if a dealer,for the sake
,tell some other kind
of profit
hands should be washed and the nails few hours. In describing the incident a'story is a good time. Hold the lit- is dust larger ugood' -"tis you false. No imitation
cleansed. Where the chapped surface he says: "An old colored man, tle foot some time in your hand in a Is as good as the genuine HlV_

has been neglected and become sore, to whom my wife had shown some correct position. Recollect, do not




THE GUAVA.The yellow and larger than the purple or Polk, Sumter and Lake counties, and, minutes it will be ready to take off

claret-colored fruits of the Cattley. in fact, almost everywhere as far northas ] and put into glasses.

Apple of South FloridaHowto It is sweeter and much superior for Jacksonville. The guava is also< GUAVA BUTTER.

Preserve It. eating raw. Foliage almost indistinguishable grown on the lower keys, but, thoughnever Following is the recipe of Mrs. A.

The genus Psidium includes the from that of the Cattley. As: injured by frost, they are neverso L. Ford, of Orlando : Take the ripestones

species guava proper, which is tropical hardy as the latter, if not more so; healthy as those grown on the sandy; wash and slice thin with the

and non hardy, and the so called guava also very prolific. soil of the mainland.IN skin on, put them in a porcelainlinedkettle

species (such as the Cattley and the OTHER VARIETIES. CALIFORNIAthe with about a teacup of water to

Chinese which semi-tropical and Reasoner Bros. advertise the following guava shrub sometimes becomes keep them from burning, and shake
), are
: Sahoranpur Large Round,, a tree twelve or fifteen feet high. They; the kettle now and then for the same

moderately hardy. Linnaeus dividedthe Calcutta Apple, Araca ("berry green- speak of them as the Strawberry guava, I. purpose. Cook a large quantity that

guavas into two species, the Mali ish yellow of exquisite taste"); Cuja- the Pear guava, etc., names which are I way, then rub through a collender

forme or apple-shaped, with many distinct villus, Guinea ("very fibrous, rather somewhat confusing to a Floridian. with large holes to get all the pulp

varieties of pink, yellow and pubescent, red inside, about the size ofa The guava does well on nearly all out. Then run through a hair sieveto

white-fleshed fruits; and the Pyriforme nutmeg and of an exquisite taste");; sandy soil. remove the small seeds. For every

Peruvian (fruit very large,pear-shaped,, PLANTING, ETC. measured pint of pulp take a pint of
with varieties
or pear-shaped, having white fleshed and with but few seeds); granulated sugar, but do not put the
white flesh. But the so-callec It is not advisable to plant guavas have cooked the
yellow or Polycarpon (flowers white and hand sugar in until you
than feet of trees
nearer twenty orange ,
guavas, the Cattley, the yellow Cattley] some; fruit delicious, yellow, size of a as they seem to rob the orange of all pulp down to one-half. Add the sugar,

or Chinese and others, which are commonly plum). All of the above are true its food. They will grow tolerably well! stirring all the time until it is cooked
and down thick, which will take three or
called hardy, do not belong to guavas without fertilizer, but, like everything four hours. Remove the kettle from

the species Psidium guaiava. The members WHITE WINTER GUAVA. else, the better you treat them the bet- the fire and dip the butter into well-

of this latter division, the true According to Pliny W. Reasonerthis ter they do. glazed stone jars and set away to cool.

guavas, are not hardy. is a variety of P. guaiava from USES. When cold cut writing paper and lay

India. It is common in Clearwaterand The fruit is not generally liked at inside the neck of each jar, then paste
Dunedin, Hillsborough county; first, but, like many other tropical sacking paper over the top of the jar
When the of the
many species genus large, pear-shaped, nearly free from fruits, a taste for them is readily ac- with paste made of the white of an egg

Psidium shall have received the attention seeds; does not ripen before November quired. It is eaten prepared in almost and a little flour. It needs no spicesto

and development from tropicaland and from that to February, and every conceivable way-raw from the season it, but is better without.

semi-tropical pomologists that the likely to prove valuable on that ac tree, cut up with sugar, or sugar and This will keep two years.

apple and peach and pear and straw- count. It will average three inches in cream, stewed, canned, preserved, DRIED GUAVAS.
berry have received from those of length and two and a quarter in trans- made into pies puddings

colder climates, fruits will be producedthat verse diameter; color pale yellowish- dumplings and catsup all the, delightful, com-, Take off a very thin peel, then slice
will almost shame the off the seedless of the fruit into a
to part
put very white, both outside and in, pulp firm which the good housekeeperis
oranges, pineapples and mangoes and solid. The jelly prepared from pounds mistress of. The jelly and marma- dish. Rub the seedy part through a
themselves three almost incomparablefruits. sieve to remove the seeds. Put the
the White Winter guava is prized by lade have a world-wide fame.
Of the fifteen described pulp with the slices and mix well
or twenty the ladies on account of its beautiful The has no insect enemies as
species of this genus only clear light color, but in flavor for table far guava know. will together. Spread on plates, filling
as we They probablybe
three four cultivated them nearly even full. Strew a dessert
as to
or are yet use it is rather inferior to the best in the future
extent in Florida thereare grown profitably near spoonful of over each plateof
any though summer-ripening varieties. A true and will become one of our staple sugar
endless varieties. Two of the nonhardy.ORIGIN fruit. Dry or evaporate in the
guava; Choice varieties be
crops. may pro-
more hardy species occasionally oven of the cooking-stove. Turn the
AND HISTORY. by cutting the roots and pull-
met, P. Cattleyanum and P. Sinense, pagated fruit over with a knife occasionally.Take .
the ends above the surface when
The best authorities that ing ,
and, in fact, of late their culture is agree trop care not to bake it brown or dryit
ical and sub tropical America is the they will send out shoots, and when
much. When done
receiving considerable attention, the too just right
original home of the guava. However, sufficiently hardened may be trans
common species having suffered so the pieces will be flexible. As soonas
severely in the freeze of 1886. the Cattley guava was first introducedinto planted to their permanent place. done, and while still warm from the

England from China in 1820, but REV. LYMAN PHELPS' JELLY RECIPE. oven, pack in glass jars. Put a little
THE CATTLEY GUAVA. possibly both this species and the Yel-
Most jelly-makers contend that a white sugar between the layers, press
This is also called the strawberryguava low or Chinese guava were first carried : certain stage of immaturity in fruit is down firmly and put on the tops. It

; it is a hardy species introducedinto from Brazil to China before their in- needed to secure that perfect chemi-- will keep any length of time. Theyare

England from Chin, and first troduction into European hot houses. cal union of fruit juice and sugar much better dried this way than

fruited in 1820. There is still some The Guinea guava is so called from which makes true jelly ; but Mr. with the seeds in.Deafness .

difference of opinion as to its native the place of its nativity. The common Phelps urges, as a notable merit in the t .

country, some claiming that it first guava was first introduced into Floridaby that it will
guava, yield perfect jelly Can't be Cured
appeared in Brazil, which is probably Col. II. V. Snell, of Gainesville, even when dead-ripe and fallen off the

correct. Fruit smaller than the English who, in 1847, brought the ripe fruits bush. Indeed, he contends: that it by: local application, as, they the cannot
reach the diseased of
walnut, round, of a fine claret from Havana and planted the seeds at i be in orderto portk n ear.
ought to thoroughly ripe
color, sometimes with a yellow cheek, Sarasota. The original roots are still have under the There is only the one way to cure
lodged directly
with a flavor resembling that of a standing, the tops having been frosted skin that special essence which does deafness, and that is by constitutional
remedies. Deafness is caused
strawberry, superior to the common down two or three times. In 1848 than else character by an
more anything to give -
guava as a jelly fruit, though this is a !I Col. Snell brought more fruit, the to the jelly. To pare fruit for inflamed condition of mucous liningof
the Eustachian Tube. When this
matter of taste, some people prefer- seeds; of which were planted at the cooking is to retain the skim-milk and
the rich the of \ tube; gets inflamed you have a rumbling -
ring peculiar musky flavorof Gates grove, at village Manatee. throwaway the cream.
the These also still exist. sound or imperfect hearing, and
common variety as preserved, roots
Wash the fruit clean, cut out the
modified in its when it is entirely closed, Deafness is
though jelly. Hoyt
blossom-end-which) often
the result and unless the inflammation
of it
says : "It is a handsome shrub This species of guava is now common dirt, dead insects, etc.-slice it thin can be taken out and this tube
for lawn
sistent or garden and the most per all over Central and South Florida and put it quickly to cook in a perfectly restored to its normal condition, hearing -

fruit-producing plant we ever in an endless variety of flavor, clean, porcelain-lined kettle. will be destroyed forever; nine No sooner is one crop ripe thanit "from that resembling a strawberry to The least possible delay in getting ito cases out of ten are caused by catarrh,
another and frequently
blooming it has blooms half and- one like sawdust and vinegar, and boiling should be secured, for the which is nothing but an inflamed condition -

grown even: kerosene." Some have a superabundance cut: fruit at once begins to oxidize, of the mucous surfaces.
fruit all the "
ripe at same time. It is of seeds, and some are .and oxidation is initial decay, which We will give One Hundred Dollarsfor
shrub and should be in
only a feet planted beautiful nearly seedless; and it is probable that gives; jelly a muddy color. Have in any case of Deafness (caused by

eight camellia-like squares. makes Its it ele- by hybridizing the guava of the future the kettle enough water to cover the catarrh) that we cannot cure by taking

foliage is an may be made as superior to these as a fruit. As soon as cooked, strain it -Tail's Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars -
gant pot plant. mainly propagated summer; pearmain is to a wild crab ap-- through two thicknesses of cheesecloth free.F. .
from seed ,
nearly always comingtrue.
It can be also from cut- ple. without any pressuredripping J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0..
grown The has become naturalizedto it be called. Of
tings. guava might perfectly Sold by druggists, 7 sc.
such an extent that one might say pure sugar take two pounds, and ... ..

THE YELLOW CATTLEY.P. it grows wild in many places. The of the juice three pounds. Put it to LADIESNeeding

Sinense or lucidum is known as streets of Manatee have a reputationfor boil again and let it boil as fast as pOSe a tonic, or np,children should take who want buildIng -

the Commercial, Chinese or Yellow guava thickets. They are plentifully sible, so that it will fairly wallop; stir It 15 BROWATOIRON ftWJ; cures Malaria.BITTERS.Indigestion.

Cattley; guava, ;:thought the fruit is cultivated throughout Orange, I vigorously while boiling; in twenty pni Liver Complaints and Neural"




JAPAN PLUMS. solid, reddish, purple on sunny side, whose characteristics are so entlca I fruits through the importing ,
-- practically curculio proof. It wouldbe rious that I find it hard to of California. Two years since
of the Orientals to
The Gift
Best well to state here in answer to many nate between them. But there found the peach Tong-Pa to be

America. inquiries and the prevailing impressionthat two, the Normand and Bailey, but early Tillotson, and we
Editor tartaer and Fruit Growet: there is only one variety of Botan, I think are deserving of mdre doubtless find many old acquaint-
As requested, I enclose my paperon this is a mistake, as I have three'varieties passing notice. I find the when other trees received from

the Oriental Plums, prepared for of Botans that are different in very large, color golden yellow, begin to bear. A letter lately
the Louisiana Horticultural Society. I fruit as well as foliage and size. The perfumed and of meaty from Mr. Tameri, of Tokio,
:Please publish it in your most excel- Abundance or yellow fleshed Botan, The latter, though a shade given me some remarkable infor-

lent paper; it will answer many ques- Mr. Lovett, of New Jersey, has been seems to me quite as good in in regard to Japanese nomen-
tions that come to me from your read accused of renaming. Mr. Lovett was and contains more juice. A This he was able to obtain

ers. J. L. NORMAND. right in giving it a name as the intro handsome scarlet fruit tinged a lengthy visit to the United

Marksville, La. ducer. It is a good variety, smaller yellow. Both are splendid where he became well posted
Of all fruits that I have tested in than true: Sweet Botan, and the shapeof tions; to our list of Southern our fruit interests. Among the

my experimental grounds, the Oriental the fruit is a little pointed, whereasthe think these Oriental varieties of of plums you sent me two
plums stand at the head of the list as true Sweet Botan is round and the will be worth millions to ago is one known as 'Bongoume.

the most profitable for us to plant, White Fleshed Botan has a white flesh. rists throughout the Southern belongs to the apricot plum sec
either for market or home use. I have The leaves of the Abundance are lan- Mr. G. Onderdonk, of South or 'Mume' of the Japanese, and

sent them by mail and express as far ceolate, not as broad as the other two as, writes as follows: received by us in 1873 from
as New York and Chicago, also to kinds these three "The then correspondents
; varieties of Botan new yellow plum you as Konayawa.
California, reaching distant marketsIn ripen about the same time. Then the about July i came in fine order, are several varieties of this sec
good ,condition. In Northern cities NORMAND is something splendid of its ; ; all bloom too early to be of any
they command fancy prices, and I the tree will do well here and outside the orange belt. We
predict that it is but a question of a This variety was imported by my- some other Japan varieties some of these ten years since;
few when the Gulf States self; it came without a label, and in
very years do, it will prove to be an like a small apricot in quality;
the absence of I have namedit
will take the lead in supplying early a name "
of great value. i here middle of May. The
plums to the North and West. We Normand Japan. This is my choiceof The following is from J. N. are of straggling growth and
all the Oriental and fruitedfor
are at least one thousand miles closerto plums, sell, of Winters, Cal., one of of the varieties yield exquisite
the first time the last
the markets of the United two seasonsin
great largest fruit growers of the flowers as early as February.
States than California, which gives us this country. Fruit a beautiful coast : "Some varieties of plums received
an advantage in cheaper freight rates, golden color, a little larger and better
"The sweet Botan fruited this Japan under numbers prove to
fruits reaching destination fresh and than Burbank; shaped like an apple; son and is the best of all plums, synonyms to those already fruited,
the first on the market. fine flavor; tree of symmetrical growthand intend to plant largely of. that some are of very inferior quality

BONGOUME AND JAPAN APRICOTare very prolific; ripens just after to ship to Chicago." not desirable under any circum-
Sweet Botan. Next follows
the first to ripen about the middleof I mailed a few specimens of It is strange that some old

May; the Bongoume, like the Kel-- BURBANK NO. I, Normand Japan plum to Mr. well-known Japanese fruits are
sey, is sometimes caught by late frostsin much like the Sweet Botan in shape Berckmans. He mistakes it for a coming before the public under

full bloom ; it blossoms a few days and color of fruit; a fine variety. The ropean variety. Let me here say and glowing names, as for instance
ahead of Kelsey, hence it would not Burbank, which is different and which all the European varieties that Eleagnus Edulis (Gumi), which I

be advisable to plant largely of that ripens right after the above, was first ever been tried here in known since 1842; Rubus Phe-
Variety north of here. The Japan introduced by the great California experimenter barren. The early French the famous 'wine berry of
apricot is much later to bloom; this is Luther Burbank. The Louisiana brought many Lewis Childs, which was figured
the only apricot that has ever succeeded Chabot and P. Simoni, the latter a from France. Dr. Defoses, of these'd the Botanical Magazine in 1877,
with me here in Central Louisiana; shy bearer, but a fine fruit. Some parish, has tried them, and they which was known in Holland for
it can be planted from the Gulf coastto years it bears better than others. Shiro bore fruit. I have seen them generation before and cultivated sim- _

Mason and Dixon's line. The Smomo, imported by Berckmans, of whereas the Normand Japan is as a curiosity in many gardens, the

above two varieties were imported by Georgia-this is a fine, deep purple prolific, with the foliage being devoid of any value. Still
ex Gov. Hubbard, of Texas, while plum; oblong, pointed in shape, witha the Oriental type. I do not quite new comer may be a form of the
Minister to Japan. The Kume and beautiful lilac bloom; the brightest with Mr. Berckmans that the sort with better fruit, and
colored of all is of value outside so I will watch it with some inter-
Hanayumecatalogued by some nurse- plum presenting an attractive goume no
rymen as Gold Dust and Hubbard, appearance. H. H. Berger ange belt; it blooms here with as I had known it for nearly fifty

bloom too early. I have discarded describes this plum as white in color. Honey peach. Yours truly, "
them, and keep only a few trees to Next the I agree with him that the "P. J. BERCKMANS.

supply a few Northern hot-houses to BAILEY JAPAN, yume and Kume (which is of the Continuing in rotation of ripeningTHE
be grown under glass. The Bonton- type) bloom too early. I will
like the Normand, which came to me SATSUMA BLOOD
kio No. another bloomer I read Mr. Berckmans' letter which
i, early ,
without any name. I have called this : This is a vigorous grower with
believe, would do well to force under no doubt be of interest in
variety after the editor of the American red bark and lanceolate leaves.
other varieties of fruits from
glass.Next Garden. It begins to ripen the ripens fully two weeks before the
in rotation of
comes ripening, first days in July; it is different from "J/r. J. L. A'ormand, farksviUt The flesh of the fruit is

IIATTONKIN NO. I, any of the thirty varieties I have on "DEAR SIR-I have your clear purple, from pit to skin, a

which ripens the first days in June, my experimental grounds; fruited here 22d instant, also the specimen shipping fruit,inclines to overbear;
and sometimes the latter part of May.It twice, this and last season for the first for which I thank you. grows as well from cuttings as theIarianna
is about twice the size of the wild time probably in this country. Fruit "The quality of the fruit is and "doubt will be used

goose fruit, beautiful golden and trans- almost as large as the Kelsey; nearly good, but its general as a stock to work other varie-
parent in color. This variety was globular, and overspread with a light resemble so much some of our on on account of its deep rooting

first imported by H. H. Berger, of cherry red; tree a prolific bearer, up. ties of European type, that I The Marianna roots too
California; it is not as prolific as Hat- right and vigorous grower. I shippeda like to know something of the on the surface of the ground,
tonkin No. 2. Next : Hattonkin No. box of Bailey Japan to Prof. L. H. and habit of the tree. I have their roots are torn by working

2, which ripens about twelve days Bailey in July, 1891. The following, collection of Japanese plums a orchard, hereas the Satsuma
after. The fruit of this variety resem- under date of July 8, was received: ber of varieties received under strikes roots like the LeConte

bles the Kelsey in shape, but a little The box of Bailey Japan plums came bers only, and several of these -deep.
more pointed; very prolific. It was first today; the fruits were ripe and deli- unmistakably European and Lastly comes inTHE

introduced by Frost & Burgess, of cious. It is certainly very attractiveand sorts, such as Binghorn (your KELSEY.
Riverside, Cal.! The two above came luscious. resembles this very closely in
under the of was the first variety imported in
to me name Hattonkin
TESTIMONIALS.Mr. texture etc.) yellow
shape, ,
United States. It of
and when I that came by way
saw differ
they were
S. M. Wiggins, agricultural trice, yellow Gage (Danas), etc.
and received Mr.
in habit of was by
ent growth, fruit and time
of which will find returned
editor of the Times-Democrat, writesto we
of I added No. in a bundle of Japanese
ripening, i and No. 2 In I per-
me under date of July 7, 1891: under new names. 1871 with attached
them in trees no name
so as to distinguish their orderof
"I desire to thank for the the then Japanese Minister to
ripening. Next comes probably you gen- it. It is the largest and latest of all
Mr. Orinori
erous assortment of splendid Oriental United States,
It is inclined
the finest of all, Japanese
of the valuable
lists most
plums kindly sent me by All making
express. too much in wet seasons, and is not
THE TRUE SWEET BOTAN. came safe to hand and in perfect con- for sending to Japan when Mr. account of its early
sure cropper on
; The tree of that variety is a marvel dition, showing that they are good went there with him, and of late

E of cness, fruit large; flesh yellow, carriers. You have so many varieties we have been receiving some of [COXTX9UED OX PAGE. 676.



OflGBfl Of THE BIllIE FAR4IERS} fl&MBflCE BJID IflDtiSTlpIi UfllOfl.Vol.VL .

"Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth, No. 84

The People's Party.If should not be abolished, but the sys in housekeeping, to cement the ties oi f of generosity for a body of people who,
this party should sweep one of f tern should be so modified that the good neighborhood and, in the ultimate -, being under the territorial jurisdiction
the old ones out of existence, no doubt bankers shall not draw a double inter count-even if he does not so regulated by the Federal power, had
there are some millions of Americans, est.The intend it-to give employment to the received the sovereign dignity of
now mockers, who would throw up] FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, poor. Statehood from that Federal power, to
their Derbys and exclaim, "I always with its present light, favors, not a L The parliaments of Australia are look on it as the supreme source of
told you so !" But the secret of all government ownership of railroads among the wealthiest in the worldin -- delegated authority, and to be loyal to
successful revolutions is unbounded and telegraphs, but a rigid supervision. some of the colonies they serve it first and foremost. Then the Central
electric enthusiasm-not bloodless pes Jf a system so foreign to American l without pay-yet they have devised and Western communities were not
simism. The Omaha platform informs business ideas should ever be estab more liberal legislation {for the people possessed of the very perfect systemof
us that "most of the States have lished, it would have to be counter- than have the briefless lawyers and local self-government which the
been compelled to isolate the votersat balanced by another measure equally cheap politicians who are glad to go New Englanders had in the town
the polling places to prevent uni- repugnant to the genius of our race,,, \Vashington for the daily wage meeting, which further caused the
versal intimidation or bribery." In the disfranchisement of all government of a first-class calico printer. Victoria latter to be more self-containing. So
other words, the governing powers of appointees and employes; other is already debating a measure for the that the growth of the Federal power
America are so much stronger and wise a party once intrenched in power establishment of Boards of Conciliation increased with the rapid predominanceof
purer than the voting masses that they could never be ousted. to prevent strikes and lockouts,, the new States, created by it,
have been compelled to protect the We advocate an exemption from and another for loaning money at over the old Atlantic States, which
latter from bribes and bullies Thisis taxation of a limited value in real three per cent. to farmers who wish to created it.
a most unfortunate slogan for a great estate improvements, and a tax on purchase land and erect houses The extension of the powers of the
and invincible revolution of reform. land increasing at something like an thereon. Another colony has the central government have a sympatheticindex
We have a better opinion of the American arithmetical ratio with the size of the eight-hour law and government own- in the history of "Internal Im
people than the People's party holding. Under this restriction alien ership of railroads (with plenty of free provements" under national auspices.In .
itself has, as expressed by inference ownership of land would soon disap- passes on them, too, by the way). the constitutional battles that usedto
through this most unjust aspersion.The pear without giving any trouble. New Zealand exempts from taxationall take place over the old Cumberland
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERhas But to accomplish all these reformsthe real estate improvements less road, which the United States Gov-
always espoused most of the principles People's party must appeal to the than $2,500 in value, but taxes the ernment built to connect Marylandand
of the Omaha platform, though same source of power with the old larger holdings at a progressively in- Ohio, a great opposition grew up
there are others that give us pause.It parties-the voting masses, who the creasing ratio. Even London, the seat to internal improvements, and it is to
favors a national currency, safe, Omaha platform says are a crushed of the money power of the world, has be noted that Jefferson himself con-
sound (but not flexible) issued by the and spiritless lot, unable to resist a lately adopted some socialistic reformsfar sidered it necessary to obtain the con
General Government only, a full legal bribe or to resent a threat. Insteadof in advance of any American mu- sent of the States through which the
tender for all debts; it favors a gradu- worshipping a new god with a new nicipality.We road was to run. But, notwithstanding
ated income tax, strict economy in name but fashioned out of the same old want in Congress men of character this, there has been a steady in-
public expenditures and a system of! clay; instead of creating a brand new and substance in both parties- crease of appropriations for internal
postal savings banks.It party out of the same old human race substance enough to lift them above improvements up to the present day,
is absolutely immaterial whether descended from sinful Adam, we preferto temptation, and character so pure that with the one stoppage during the war,
there is $5, $50 or $500 in circulationfor cleave to old names and old parties the bribe giver will not dare approach and it is along these lines that there
every inhabitant. Values will adjust and labor to make them better. The them.What has been the most enormous increaseof
themselves to the amount of the place for reform to begin is at the primaries we have above written will, Federal power.
circulating medium, and the one requirement not at the tertiaries. no doubt, not meet the approval of That Mr. Nelson believes this extension
of imperative, overshadowing "Hippocrates will say what he some of our readers. We write it be- to have gone too far, he leavesno
necessity is that that amount shall pleases," says the girl in Moliere, cause we regret to see reforms whichare doubt.
remain stable. It matters not whether "but the coachman is dead." The sorely needed by the people linked "Congress has overshadowed the
money is so plentiful that it takes $100to Omaha platform may say what it with grave financial and economic Slate Legislatures to that extent that
purchase a barrel of flour, as was I pleases, but human nature still lives. heresies, some of which, under other they have become inapt in dealing
the case under the Confederacyor so I The instinct of the sturdy, English- guises, the sober judgment of the with those intimate and scientific sub-
scarce that$i will pay for it, provided speaking race is just as strong for right American people has steadily voted jects of social and domestic concern,
only the amount of the circulating and justice as it ever was-if not, we down, and will again; but whose asso- the possession of the jurisdiction over
medium remains so unvarying that should lose all hope for the republic.But ciation with the needed reforms will which ought to make the State Legis-
flour shall be worth the same to-day, in the vast new civilization which tend to discredit them and postpone latures bodies of the first importance."At .
to morrow and next year, with only has sprung up on this Western hemisphere the day of their triumph. the same time Congress has.assumed -
such unimportant variations as may be we are confronted with a kaleid- > i many powers that were not
caused by abundance or scarcity of oscopic succession of new and startling The Growth of the Federal Power. within the contemplation of the founders -
the wheat crop. economic conditions which the always Mr.\ Henry Loomis Nelson has a of the government, and has undertaken
The volume of money in the coun- conservative political genius of our strong paper in Harper's in which he I tasks which have enormously
try should be increased each year in race is slow to meet. The trading reviews the wonderful growth of the increased its labors, in consequenceof
proportion to the growth of the population instinct of the Yankee has outgrown Federal power in the United States. our wonderful growth of popula-
-no more. It is arbitrary and the straight jacket of law which we inherited With his text De Tocqueville's words, tion. These tasks are of local and
reckless of the real public good to de- from England two hundred famous for the truth that was not in sectional, rather than of general importance -
mand an increase to $50 per capita. years ago. them, which confidently predicted the and it is to their assumptionmore
What is needed is that the amount The shameful corruption of many party defeat of the sovereignty of the Unionat than to any other cause that the
shall be restored to the figure which leaders has moved the disgust and the hands of the States, Mr. Nelson existing Congressional paralysis may
prevailed at the time when contrac- indignation of all honest men. But its shows that in the very infancy of the be attributed."
tion began-plus a sufficient sum to the parvenu, not yet full, whose Constitution, a third of a century ---.---
provide for the growth of the popula- itching palm is opened for the bribe. before the French philosopher's re- The Negro Race.
tion since that date.Government How small a part of the income ofa mark, the steady extension of the The negro element of the State
should issue and there- millionaire, to paraphrase Macaulay, Federal power had begun, and has needs the civilization of the whites ;
by guarantee all money of the realm. is laid out merely in giving pleasurable continued with more or less con- needs their protection, even againstthe
But there is no reason why government sensations to the body of the possessor! stancy until todav. lawless disposition of their own
should fix the rate of interestand The greater part even of what is spenton The factor in our history, which race. They have their rights beforeour
lend money, any more than thatit his kitchen and his cellar goes not above all others has constantly reinforced courts of justice. They are being
should determine the rental of landor to titillate his palate, but to keep up the strength of the central educated at the expense of the white
the fee of a physician for a mid- his character for hospitality, to save government, has been the admission l I people, who give to them ungrudgingly -
night ride. The national banks him from the reproach of meanness of new States. It required no strain in order that they may have a proper

.- J


conception of the duties they owe to WEATHER AND CROPS Madison reports a fine crop of potatoes, in the middle. It is rather danger-

; each other, to the commonwealth and grapes and pears marketed}; Lee notes ous disturbing the nests, as the old
For the Week Ending August 22d, presence of insects destructive to young
to the God that made them. 'gators generally watch pretty close
plants. Scuppernong grapes are being
1892.Tliis .
They live under the same laws, and marketed in Santa Rosa and limes in and are very ferocious. Mr. Irelandare
protected by the same laws which bulletin is based upon reports Hillsborough. Hay harvesting i is prostood ready with his shot gun while

govern and protect the white people. from thirty-two! regular correspondents, gressing in Escambia, Sumter and Columbia Mr. Thursby dug open the nests. In
counties of the counties small seed being
Yet white few of them may possess representing twenty-six ; are one were twenty eggs The other two
State, and reports t from I local 1 correspondents planted in Santa Rosa; greater part of .
upon each had five. The fourth
a talent far above their fellows-as a fodder crop lost in Wakulla and Holmes: thirty : we

,; race their instincts and qualifications of newspapers, representing cotton crop poor in Jefferson, Columbia did not uisturb, as it was a large one,

, are not such as to fit them as rulers, four counties. and Holmes; potato, rice and corn crops and some eggs had hatched out.-
RAINFALL above average in yield and acreage m Times.
and when politically they are taught Orange City
The rainfall while I normal I for Columbia county.
to _
to assert an equality contrary rea E. R. DEMAIN, Director.
son and judgment, by appeals to brute the State as a whole, was badly distributed Jacksonville Fla., August 25, 1842. e _e 0 0 e e

force, and the lower instincts of their ; being largely I in excess in the .-.-. The 8DU lost Pill in fi. World!

nature, their teachers should be rewestern and generally deficient in the Along the narrow part of the river --

garded rather as incendiaries than as eastern portion. Heavy rains injured we found four alligators' nests. The ey U jj it'( S Yr51II Sit

reformers. But for such teachings, the hay crop in Alachua and "Wakulla nests are built on the bank about two SAVES MONEY.

the white and colored races in the counties; cotton in Liberty, Holmes, Columbia or three feet back from the water. 2_ .

South would have no trouble. Follow I Madison and Santa Rosa; fodder They are mounds of sticks and mud. dollars Ono rialof In theie doctor'r*d bll'ls1 They ro?

them out, precipitate race troubles, Wakulla and Holmes; potatoes and At one we noticed that the cane grass Especially prepared; a family mod-
iclne, nna supplies a v/nnt long felt.
and a brooding horror hangs like a peas[ in Escambia, in which fields and used to build the nest was cut off as &\They remove unhealthy accuixmlations -

cloud I over our future. Think well, gardens were flooded and where I weeds even and smooth as though a knifehad .griplnc from?. ,t'i, bt1ywitaoutnauseaor. <<1 and young._

ye people, and cast your ballots ac- and grass are l becoming very troublesome been used. The sticks in the )I:Rice,35c. O Tlce,3JPart=>> ,Tlace,N.Y.S)

cording to the dictates of a calm Judg- to farmers; retarded farm labor in nests are from eight to ten inches USE TU a T'S HAIR DYE;

ment, and a knowledge of the respon- Wakulla; injured crops generally in long. The mounds range from two )'a perfect imitation of nature;Imposs-t)

sibility which rests upon you as American Wakulla,Walton, Franklin and Jefferson to four feet high and the eggs are laid I Iblo to detect it. Trice! ll per box.
citizens.-Manatee County Ad counties. At Lloyds, in Jefferson county, Ii) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Q
-- -
vocate. continuous and heavy rain for forty-eight

hours greatly injured roads, bridges and THREE STYLES. SpadingHarrow
interfered with railroad traflic. Deficient a MORGAN
Mr. A. G. Chandlee: of Chipley, rainfall was injurious to pines in DeSoto; FIVE SIZES. .4
' the fruit of that region in Lee
pioneer grower young potatoes ; crops generally Thousand .
was a pleasant caller at the in Columbia, Brevard and Hillsboroughcounties. told. The Beet all around IAI for Rotary Fall plowed Harrow land and, Stubble Pulrerlzer.mi vine.
News office He is It was insufficient to fill small No C.VaiUML-yard3 and peach Orchards Leaves no
yesterday. an tntertaining -
furrow Angle of teeth' adjustable. Send
lakes and ponds in Alachua county. or ridge.
talker and is thoroughly for Catalogue. mention this Paper. Address
Elsewhere the rainfall was so distributed
alive to the development and settle- as to be generally beneficial, especially 0. S. MORGAN & CO. Brockport,N.Y.

ment of West Florida. Mr. Chandlee to fruit in Orange and Lake counties; -- -- -.

is now perfecting plans for bringing potatoes in Orange, Alachua, Ilernando, CAUTION.-Beware of dealers
excursion of home,seekers Columbia, Madison and Santa Rosa; stltntincr shoes without W. li. )
a large aubW L DOUGLAS
oranges in Hillsborough, DeSoto and name and the price fraudulent
Such substitutions
from Indiana and he .
: to Chipley, says Osceohi! ; peas in Alachua and Santa subject to prosecution by law for
is satisfied many of them will.locale Rosa: grass and the hay crop i in Her- taming: money un FORGENTLEMEN.

there. He has heretofore engineered nando, Lake, Jefferson, Columbia and derfal.epretences. $3 S H 0 E
several of these home seekers' Santa Rosa; rice in Columbia and Osce-
A genuine sewed shoe that will not ripinne Calf.
and result has added to'ola; corn in Columbia; cane in Osceola; d seamless smooth inside,flexible,more comfortable : *
as a nindan;in AlaHma. ; scuppernong grapes and durable than any other shoe ever sold at the eprice.
the about Chipley quite a custom-made shoes cost in g from$ito$S.
population and melons and
in Santa Rosa, guavas {, The only 83.0O Shoo made with two complete
colony of Indiana people, all of whom mangoes in Lake. The precipitation for r soles,securely sewed at the outside edge(M shown in cut),
which gives double the wear of cheap welt shoes sold at the-
are doing well growing fruit. One of the I week ranged 1 from 0.01 of an inch I at I same price,for such easily rip,baring only one sole sewed
Key West, to 11.50 inches at A 1 P-- to a narrow etrip of leather on the edge and when once
them realized net this
$1,000 season x worn through are worthless.
cola. Measured amounts are reported as b The two o the\V.L.DOUGLAS .008'.ros
from his watermelons I and peaches, follows : Archer, 1.72; Apalachicola. + r when worn through can bo repaired.many times.

and several others have made very 11.50; Avon Park, 0.27; Bristol,0., 43.: C < _.. DeceI8U'7astheywUlDeTerriporloosenrromtheupper.Purchasers of footwear desiring to economize
Chand- Brooksville 0.92\) Clermont, 3.59 De- b ,should consider the superior qualities
near as good showings. Mr. ? ; ; of these shoes,and not be Influenced
lee will also visit several of the State Funiak Springs, 3.50; Eustis, 2.74; Green to buy cheap welt shoes sold commendfairs at$&
in the Northwest and with Cove Springs, 1.93; Hypoluxo, 4.11; Juti y /-'. baring them.V.only. L.appearance IIUUCJLAH to lUru'him
carry piter, 0.84; Jacksonville, 0.59; Kissim- t* 81 and "? Fine Calf, Hand
an exhibit of the products of mee, 1.67.; Key West, 0.01,' Myers, 1 1.01; y % era hewed;S 193.50.SO Fine Police Calfj and 82.25 Farm-

West Florida, together with printed Milton 4.36; Orange City, 0.81; Orlando, .. and *$2.00 Worklngmen'st andYonths1

matter and stereopticon views, illustrative 1.87; Ocala, 0.57; Oxford, 1.50; P nsa- z; -. ,._,,._ Boys g 75 82.00 School Shoes r Ladles*
of the country. He is the right cola, : 3.27; Tampa, 0.26; Tarpon Srings, y HI51S[ TIlE BE 5- -'-' --' .... "_. )U Hand 82.0O Sewed J8 Bluestsort
...01 Titusville 0.04. -
; >< _. I'3 : 81.73 Best Dongola,
of citizen. West Florida would ;, %_ ... Suo "::;... are.oft same niga
be well off if it had a few more of his TEMPERATURE. <::' z.';': &Jdi':' '. ;.; -%<. E : 7"atandard-... of merit,;;

kind.-Pensacola News. The temperature for the State was ., "-.:>.- .lfEwol\P>" ... '..
nearly normal. It was too high, to the A'ILI NOs o. ,' ..
of and in :Mon j',;,< e / '" : "
injury vegetation crops ... _
The editor of the Flo lp. ---- "' ; "----H -
agricultural roe, Franklin, Liberty Holmes and :Mad\
ridian visited the new tobacco district ison counties, especially to fruit and cot- WIll jive excensive sale to shoe dealers and general merchants wber I haro
near Lake Ianlonia and writes: "Dur ton in Liberty county, and small plants DO.eou.kind. write, size for and catalogue.width IfduotpfortalefrlneeJ'O'lvr.JJeOlllJe..Dlda.dlr.ereotcJ"otoF' actory.statin ,Mass*
Madison. It" beneficial I to in
in -
rn; grass -- --- -
ing the past year eighteen new barns in rice in De
Ilernando;;:oranges Orange;
30x72 have gone up; most of them he Soto; fruit in Hillsborough, and crops NURSERIES 0 F THE

(Mr. Bannerman) has built. Last year generally elsewhere II

there were only four old ones, now SUNSHINE, Mi1waukE I FIui'ad a Dia- ig.

twenty.two can be seen in a half day'stravel The sunshine, while nearly normal for '

and all in the Lake lamoniacountry. the State as a whole, was deficient and Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
to fodder hay and cotton, Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
injurious especially
Aside from these barns
: LibOur stock is large and complete PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
in Monroe, Alachua I Franklin,
storerooms, cotton gins and all sorts For Catalogue and Price-List, address
eity, Walton and Escambia counties,and
of outbuildings are used to hang the was excessive and injurious in Lee coun- A. L.. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.

green crop in, and quite a number of ty. Elsewhere it was beneficial, gene-

the farmers seemed to think that they rally. ;Y-J' : T
would be sorely pressed for room.
The counties of Duval, Lake, Hernen-
One would not miss the mark very do, Holmes, Osceola, Lee and Orange BLACK J JAMAICA I and PORTO RICO
much either way in saying that these port numerous thunder storms, ,
farmers have in the barns and various however, did but slight damage. Telegraph -

fields at least 400 acres of tip-top, A- and telephone poles and trees were PINEAPPLE SLIPS

No.1 Vuelta Abajo tobacco. injured in some places. D. T. Valentine Kingston Jamaica. Large
CROPS. Imported by ,

JP YOUR BACK ACHES Lake county reports guayas and persimmons slips for July delivery. Address,
Or you are aU Wornout,really good for nothing. ripening; grapes ripe; mangoes
,It Is general debility. Try plenty; shipment of lemons begun and JOHN B BEACH, Agent
I I done with excellent
nearly ,
will cure you,cleanse your liver, and give
a good appetite. prospects for sweet potatoes: and oranges; Melbourne, FJ.a.AUGUST .



---- -

To insure insertion in this column,
blooming. Like the Bongoume. I ments must be accompanied by the advertise-I FOR SALE-Strong, well rooted Strawberry
Advertisements must not exceed Nunans and Clouds,and a limited
get a crop every other year.I Postage Stamps received in payment. supply of Michels and Hoffmans. Will be readyfor
find the Yellow Japan, Cha- I Count every word,including name and address. delivery September i Good packing guaran-
teed. B. H. ALDEN, Lawtey, Fla. 7-21 3mBOONE'S
bot and Hatankio to be the same SALE-Guavas ready for shipment September -
EARLY, fine in quality; the earliest
under three different 1st; one dollar per crate. Send in
plum names. I orange in use. Limited supply of trees. Au-
your orders early to H.M.&R.FRITH,Lane Park,
The variety offered by Mr. Berck- 8 rantium Pomelo. Mr. Clauser, of Longwood,
Fla. 25-41
I received returns in February, from Barber&Co.,
mans under the name of Botankio or Seeds and oneyearoldplants. Chicago: Common Pomelo, net, $1.20; Aurantium -'
j TRIFOLIATA- ,$2.30. Some fine trees. Also,large Tardiff
Hatankio is the same as Hattonkin I U Address Japanese Tree Importing buds on sour. JAMES MOTT, Orlando Nursery.
I Co., San Francisco,or H. E.Amoore, care of Japanese -
No. 2. The variety named Massu Tree Importing Co., Yokohama. Also -- __ _7.218w
does not bear well with me; four-year- I every kind of Japanese trees, etc., etc., etc. N. WALL PAPER-Cheaper than any house in
B.-Wm. Amoore will not return till November. state. Samples, prices and instructionsfree
old trees bore a few small yellow I It ,by mail. J. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street,

The variety which I from Jacksonville, Fla._3-24-6111
plums. got
TANKS.-G. M. Davis & Son Palatka, Fla.,
Mr. Berckmans under the name of i of Cypress Tanks, Tubs andVats. FOR SALE-one second hand Washington
for railroad Press for sale at this office.
Tanks cheap
Large Water a !specialty -
Massu is much larger and of a deep i, and irrigating purposes. Send for price- Write for particularFOR

cherry red in color. As to prolificness, :I list. 8-25-41 S ALE-WhipporwillPees, per bushel, f.o.

until further ., $2.00; Conch peas(limited quantity), per
I am not ready yet to say I WANTED-at( a reasonable price) 50 or 100i
pound, post paid, zoc; Chufa seed, per pound
of the large breeds. Statei
tested, and here again the Yosobe i breed, age and price.any J. I DERIEUX, lakeland, post paid, 3sc; per peck, f o. b., $1.50; pearl
from H.-H. and Berckmans are I i Fla. millet,per pound post paid, 35C; four pounds, ALL OTHERS.
Berger It. $1.25; ten pounds, f. o. b.,$2.00. Send cash with
totally different; I prefer the Berck--I BERKSHIRE PIGS for sale, entitled to regis order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. mv imP oVED 1A1 1ZOLU

mans' strain. The one from Berger is I rsof pedigree stock of above _2-4-tf
in Florida please send address to T. A. VINCENT, Has adjustable self-sharpening teeth.
small and round in shape, whereas Riverview, Fin ItTILGHMAN'S FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments,
I Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla.
that from Berckmans is medium to CONDITION POWDERS will $1.00 per year: sample,with state map, 10 cents. CULTIVATORS AND HARROWS FOR

large and oblong in shape; both same I any eat and grow fat. They have _3-24-l2m ONE AND TWO HORSES.
color. on equal for chickens,and are a sure cure for salt WRITE NOW for prices on anything in nursery -
t sick cattle. For sale everywhere in Florida. line. I will either supply you or tell Satisfaction guaranteed.Prices .
The following I have discarded as I Sample peckages sent by mail for 35 cents. W. you where to get it. Stock largely increased. G.
G. TILGHMAN, Palatka, Fla. 8-25-131 L. TABER, Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. on application.
unprofitable, being perfectly Mary, Fla._6-9-tf AGENTS WANTED.T. .
Some of them be of European SALE OR TRADE-A so-barrel, all roll,
may Flouring Mill In the center of town. Old established good second-hand boiler, 20 to 40 .
origin, as Mr. Berckmans suggestedin trade. Rolls for feed, etc. Power, water WANTED-A ; also good large force pump. K. GODBEY,
his letter viz Fruit and steam. Want small property, near good State full particulars. E. H. MOTE, Leesburg,
: Long
town or city,or merchandise. 1 have poor health Fla. 8-4-6t 7-i4-im Wdlclo, 17'ltt.
Ura Beni and Hoyo Smomo, Kelsey I and wish to retire. S. L. COOK Evansville, Wis.
8-n-2t RED CATTLEY GUAVAS $1.00 per bushel, f.
Prune and Ogon. Prunus Pissardii I .b. C. E. HOFFMAN, Apopka, Fla. 8-4-3t They are the sweetest
and fit for SEE THSM GROW-Those Pear and other THE LATEST mod complete, tone sustaining -
Prunus Virgata are only
I trees,etc. Pierson is getting ready for PIGEONS-Bought,sold and exchanged. ,durable and perfect -
ornamental trees, the former for its the fall trade. Prices now ready. SUMMIT FANCY for what you want. Stamp for reply. Music Boxes made
NURSERIES, D. L. Pierson, Monticello, Fla. LLOYD GRANT, Lady Lake, Fla. 7-28-521' (warranted In every respect -
dark purplish foliage. produces an ), and any number of
in the INVENTION IN tunes can be obtained for
inferior ripens May; FOR SALE-A tract of fine fruit land;a splendid STAWBERRY PLANTS- Clouds, Hoflmans, them. (Improvements Patented -
Virgata is good for its double blooms, for a nurseryman T. K. GODBEY, Crescents. Strong plants now in Switzerland and
Waldo Fla. 8-n-iot ready. Send for prices. CLARK LEWIS, Hamp- United States.)
which come out early in February.It ton. Fla. 7-28-ijt We manufacture especially

looks like when one begins to experiment AVOID DISASTER-Use Perfection Rein Guard. SWISSMUSIC! I for direct family trade, and we
prevents horses switching over guarantee our instruments far
with fruits he never has the lines. Agents and dealers coin money. Sample FREE superior to the Music Boxes

enough. My hobby is on the plum.I $1, with circulars. ANDREW V. CALLAHAN, usually made for the wholesale
General Manager, Salem, Ohio. 8-n-iot trade and sold by general merchandise
have some 400 or 500 seedlings that ---- -- A Life Size Crayon Portrait of dry goods and music

will bear. I interesting 1OR SALE-Choice budwood for fall buddingthirty stores. Manufacturers'special
soon expect A yourself or friends, FREE. In agency and salesrooms for the '
varieties and I
sports from this lot of new seedlings.TO Orange budwood, thirty-five Orange, Lemon cents per hundred Pomalo.; order to introduce our work in 1 celebrated Roller Organs Gem and Concert tune
thousand. cents hundred ; play any ;
$2 50 per Lemon fifty per
prices, only{6 and$12.
section of the we
:$3.50 per thousand. Pomalo. one dollar perhundred your country
; 57.50 per thousand. Fifty Thousand will for a short period make, free OltI f uslc lloxes carefully
SHIPPERS OF FRUIT : Nursery Trees for sale. .T. W. & F. D. WAITE, i Repaired and Improved.
Magnolia Nurseries,Belleview, Fla. 8-18-41 of charge to any one sending in a Tj : Jf. G A UTS CHI *t SOUS,
-WANTEDLemons A FIRST-CLASS GOLD'S FORCE SPRAY photograph, a Life Size Crayon -.- I Manufacturers.

Grapes Peaches PUMP, and a United States Cook Stove Portrait Free. Likeness JJ Salesrooms 1030 Chestnut St.
Oranges, guaran-
Evaporator for sale by M. CHESEBRO, Plummers, U'
Apples, Berries, Green and Fla. 8-i8-3t teed. Our crayons are made by a rnfV .

Dried Fruits. FOR SALE-7ooo Orange, Lemon and Grape :: skillful artist, and are a work of I I Ii

Buds; all budded on sour stock and art. This offer good for only a rn
Will pay cash. Send for a Daily Bulletin.M. trained to stake. Write for prices. J. H. TURN- i -
LEY,Lake Weir, Fla. 8-i8-i2t LL 1 1 short time-if you want to take KIAIEPIANOS.
REGISTERED JERSEY MALES and fresh advantage of it, send in your photograph l-
3449 Cottage Grove Av .., Chicago,111., for sale. Families supplied with
General Produce Commission Merchants and butter. SCHRADER, Waverly Farm, Tallahassee. at once to .
Shippers. 7a8mo 8-25-eow-2t

r Seasoned Orange Box Heads. UNEQUALLED
We carry more dry lumber than any mill in 122 Quincy St., Clrago, Ills. Tone Touch Workmansh p g Durability
A..OA.D: Y. the Southl and are prepared to fill orders for box ,
Prtp&r*I f orBnBineM.UnlTeraltiM and large quantities at short notice. Dry Baltimore 22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.
West Point. Ctlorn address Ma J.R. .. Flooring, Ceiling and Sidinga specialty. TILGH- FREE New York, 148 Fifth Ave.
.A.KclvTTU,Bethel Academy, Va. MAN-WILSON Co.,Palatka, Fla. 7-2112t Washington, 817 Market Space

- LI




Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load of Watermelons, and First and Best VegetablesThat

always get the very cream of the high prices, will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brand of

Orange. Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers,

Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their

Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food

- For information, analysis, circulars, price current, etc., describing: these articles, address



All prices will be in view of great rivalry and made to meet et possible competitor and should secure your order. Drop us a line for prices, etc., for fertil

hen and material, mentioning this paper.






Extending Southeast, South and South- SASH BLINDS
west from Jacksonville
coyer over one
thousand miles of tropical country, and SA.'v MIL: : .-LV uYPhI] v ..

reach all prominent winter and summer We are State !We Have
Agents for the --
pleasure resort of Florida: One and TwoHorse HORSE HAY HAKES

The East Coast, BUCKEYEMOWERS 3 r in stock.

S sad C feet treat?.
The Great Lake
Region, -
,, The 6 foot.Is suitable
The Phosphate Fields, } = for use in idaBntral(/ & feqinsnlar

The Pineapple Fields, .rompltte Mot cent stork amiJtejHilrs of ; --- ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD I OO.

The Orange GrovesAND J\iftory on 1'rires.hand at \Write for Prices.WE The Florida Trunk liirjeTAMPA


The Fruit and Vegetable RANGE PLO'-VS< ," SHORT LINE'
1 A Full Line of Repairs for Same. ,

Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy In Addition TO to its long>-establlihed connections

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof with the North by

THREE THROUGH TRAINS all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold River Junction, Lire and Oak Fernanjllna,Callahan, ,Jacksonville

M at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Haa thl leaaon reopened

vuTroploalTrililk Ifs..1| fhrniiYilli ui Montietllo Roitt.

In connection with the 8.,P.& W.R. IL;the
Tk Line. fiiabamal and the L.&N.and the
rL leading from Chicago, St.Lou, Kansas City
and the North and weit.

These lines are equipped with the latest Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and
; modem for the Tampa.
improved appliances
JT..4 MeAed ulet Pullman Sleepers. aU 2fo4m .
safety and comfort of passengers. Railway Improvement.

Oar patrons call them the The Florida Central!PeninstlIar! R.R.

FINEST IN FLORIDA. ia the greatest artery of travel through the
finest parts of Florida traversing twenty-four
counties-Oadsden, efferson,Duval,Alachua,
Lake Leon Suwannee. Nassau,Levy,Orange,
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., ] .j L Hlllsborouffh, Wakulla Qlay,

T. &; K. W.: -.. ---.-,.--..- .- Marion,Sumter, Polk,,Hernando Manatee,Madison and Desoto-in Baker Bradford their-
richest portion. It the MId-
I runs through
8:30: a.m. daily,except Sunday; 12:30: p.m.. \ _, dle Florida Region of Hill Country where are
daily; 4:20 p.m. daily, except Sunday; ,...., c. 1. the fine oldFarming
8:00: p.m. daily, except Sunday. -- Land and the New Tobace
--- -
-" :::::
Arrive 7:30 ajn, 8:00 EJIL, 12: 5 pan, (reached b1'no other line), some ot them con-
7:40 p..m.Trains ducted on a large 8cale. Here are
PLANET JR. HORSE nOEjWITIllLEVER! AND LEVER WHEEL. =JTLI3 Tallahassee(the capIta}),Monticello, Madison
and other towns, from whose
Leave Jacksonville via East ----- -- -- comfortable
ample dwellings, reposing in a fertile country -
Coast Lines: ,is coming a renewed energy to employ
IRRIGATING MACHINERY the resources lavished about them. Stretching -
8:25 a.m. daily, 1:00: rxm. daily, except down throughThe
Sunday; 4:05p.m.: daily. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. Peach Country
r i of Baker,Bradford,Alachua and Levy coun-
Arrive 9:30 a.m.,12:25 pjxt, 5:40: pm. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers ties,through the prosperous
Strawberry Farm
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves.
of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior
TITUSVILLEFor Fittings Hose Etc. Estimates furnishedfor in profit to the orange grove-It goes
through the heart of the State, penetratingsome
Melbourne daily, except Sunday Plants put in complete and guar- of the finest groves' ,one having
5:00 a.m., 3:45: pjn.; Rockledge, 9:00&.In., 70,0""/*"' Full-bearing Orange Treest
7:00: p.m. Arrive Melbourne, 1:00: p.m., anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between them-
making Its way southward to the Gulf and to
12 midnight Returning,leave Melbourne Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State. In
.. 1:20 p.m., 12:30: a.m.; Rockledge 4:50: p.m., all portions of the State it reaches points of
of How and When to
8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00 p.m., Catalogue Spray. Scenic Interest.

12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Springs in the West, the Buwan-
nee River: as beautiful and romantic as it Is
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, except r machine shop. famous Silver Springs, in the lake region
Sunday, 8:30: a.nx, arrive Jupiter fol- and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings
t of rolling land interspersed with
lowing day, 3:30: ajn. Returning, leave pleasant homes in green groves' ,sloping downto
Jupiter daily, except Sunday, 9:30: a.m. the clear lake fronts. By means of this
Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30: a.m. road you can most readily reach the
Hunting and Fishing Ground
Steamer ST.AUGUSTINE" Leaves The settler will find on the line of this roada
greater opportunity for a varied selection
ORMOND ,, of land than on any other road in the State-
"-I U -
y from lightest soils to those underlaid with
8:00: ajn. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays 'if, I clay and marl and of richest hammock-
for Rockledge, and way landings. L D whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
Returning, leaves Rockledge 8:00: a.m. dairy farming,peach or strawberry culture,
orange groves vegetable gardens.
Mom lays: !', Wednesdays and Fridays. The tourist will be gratified with its scenery.
The health-seeker its ample route can find
Connections' are made at Jupiter with some spot adapted to his wants. On the hard

.;' t hills of J. & L.W. Railway for all pointson -- 4 will clay ride roads with of speed Middle and Florida satisfaction the horseman and the
Lake Worth. Florida Central and Peninsular is the
-==-- Sportsman's Rout
For schedules, maps, etc., call on local I Inl.'I1 NOTB.Passengers from Northern connections -

:, or address the General Passenger having tickets over the Florida Central
and Peninsular to points in South Florida
Ageiitt AGENTS FOR have the privilege of being; taken into Jacksonville -
over the Company line and alloweda
I:. It. CARLE W. L. CRAWFORD. IiIO'.rL.E5': STE A.'I: PU IPS.: stop-over within the going limits of the
General Manager. Supt.East Coast Linea, ticket with return to their route for destina-
J.T.Jk K. W.System. St.Augustine, Fla All Letter Annwered the Day they are Received. tion free of extra charge. Send for map of
Florida,mailed free.
General Passenger Agtnt, THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY, Jacksonville,J'la.H. .
.4 PL1fJfIJrGTON'.t-'l'ramo
J'la. >>.I1..M.A.X".LL.. GenoraleManager









Phosphoric Acid..4 per cent. I Potash K.0.,5 per cent. | Ammonia.... ...................2 to 3 per cent.



Potash..6 to 7 per cent. | Ammonia..3 to 4 per cent. I Phosphoric Acid..5 to 6 per cent. .
Price, per ton, O. I. Bra.11d, IE O. B., Belle'v.1e''Y", ., $2 .00

3Ejc lof per ton, H\rcai.t tend "Virao, P'. O. B. Ocxrs, Belle- .1e'v, ., $Stf OO

This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is :

Insoluble Silicate ...........................18.76 Phosphoric Acid.........oo ................. 17.70 I Oxide of Iron ..... .... ............... ........ 74 I Magnesia and Soda............ ...... ....... 6.55
Carbonate Lime............................ 4.561| Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime.... ...39.00 |I Aluminum. .. ............................. 2.07 I| Moisture..................................... 6.59

He says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained in an area of about

six miles about Belleview. .

The above mentioned complete Fertilizer is 25 per cent. cheaper than any sold in Florida; of same grade, and is what orange growers need.


that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking.this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State,and I would warmly
More About Soft Phosphate. estimate may have been a little high I put it as seven-fire tons of this Phosphate and have recommend its: use to the orange growers ia the
The following in regard to soft phosphate is above, but I am free to admit that he is a better with much interest its effect on myorange State. Yours truly,
taken from the Gainesville Sun: judge of such matters than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to something D. GREENLEAF.
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor J. T. Smith, writing from Levy count,says: "I over five hundred trees, and the results have been
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen corn last simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred -
sort of doubt. Those who have given it a test un- spring about a four acre field of corn,on about an trees received no fertilizing, and the difference
hesitatingly speak of it in the most complimentary average quality of the land. I broadcasted the between the two fields is something wonderful. CEDAR KEYS FLA., Dec. 21, 1891.
terms. Mr. George Saxon writing from soft phosphate over the land, after breaking it up On one side every tree has started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Company .
Tallahassee,says: well, at about two tons per acre. Then I harrowed growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen :
The soft phosphate referred tom m the granulated this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove. The trees which received no appli DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
article, containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just! commenced to Miler Mr. Me me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
from that had soft phosphate on Master of the firm of McMaster& of San
and So per cent phosphate of lime(bone phosphate the sixteen rows the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove the
) crude as it comes from the mine. This it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn Mateo, visited my grove a few days since and ex- past and I have been more than satisfied
soft phosphate was put upon !cotton last year did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest of? pressed himself as being very much astonished with year the results. The trees are looking as well
alongside of cotton seed as fertll1zers'lnd! the rethe crop did. I am well pleased and will use it at the growth of the trees where the soft phos as they have ever looked-even when I used expensive
suit was full" or more than double,in yield of this year on all my crops. phate had been applied. If you will remember fertilizers. Many persons have heard of
cotton over tie cotton seed while it gave four the first shipment of Phosphate was made less experiment, and your phosphate has advanced .
times the yield over the same land without any than sixty days since, and until the last few days my in their estimation.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore, of eesburg looked JACKSONVILLE FLA., June 12, 1891. we have had very little rain. Very truly yours,
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- REV. F. R. HOLMAN
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville, Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant 1
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

Per ton, IJra c ..Tied, 1.1 u11

Per ton, DrIed, in. IBvillc, 80.00

Per ton, Burnt, Ground and St ..olted, $S.OO e

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

tQstimonials, freights, etc., to
C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.



In compounding a solution a part was accidently' spilled on the hand
and on washing afterward It was dlscuvtrtd that the hair was com
pletely removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
market and so great has been the demand that we are now Introducing
;; It throughout the world under the name of Queen's Anti-llairine

,;;f %:''.:-r Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes. and the
..r' =--=.- :: hair disappears as 1 If by magic without the slightest pain or Injury when
J7-TCKSONSLILLE FL : ... -i applied or ever afterward.. It unlike any other preparation ever used
"'- .
fora like purpose. Thousands' of LJJJn'hoha'e been annoyed '
__ with hair on their FACE, NECK and AltMS attest Its merits.
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTINGAT GENTLEMEN; do not apprrrlaiea btard or Lair on their neck,
< : --- ___- find a priceless boon In Queen' Anti-IJairinewhich does away
aasss ssr' with Shaving by rendering its future growth an utter Impossibility
THE LOWEST RATES. Price of Queen's Anti-Hairtne$l. per bottle, sent In safety mailing box*+ postage paid by us(securely
sealed from observation). Send money or stamps! by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondence
strictly confidential. This advertisement Is honest and straight forward In every word It
contains. We invite you to deal with us and yon will find everything as represented. Cut this out and
send io-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You caD
register' your letter' at any Post Office to Insure Its safe delivery.V.- will ray S..OO for any case
: of failure orslighteatinjary to any purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed.
; SPECIAL-To ladles who introduce and sell among their friends 25 Bottles of Qneen'ii Antl-Halrln.
will present with a SILK DRESS 16 yards best silk. Extra Large Bottle and samplM
Fr Y pItlRltfn ,17s t- Of silk to select from sent with order. Good Salary or Commission Agent.



_ I Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-wide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
: -, : s -- reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
cured, of from 20 to 30 \ears' standing, after all Capital 30000.00
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty _
is reached and the cause removed, fully explained
in circulars, with affidavits and testi- your old family Bibles; make them at
monials of cures from prominent people mailed REPAIR as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub.
c .e free. lishing House, Jacksonville. Fla.
I)r. A. :EONTAINE,19 East 14th St., N. Y.
--- -- --- --

w $5tol5perdayatbom LIGHTNING PLATER

M 1 p1at1I1Jewe1ry.w&tcllu
-- :
.. Ubtewtre, *c. Plate Ui.>
: -
: -'
:- -- finest fir Jewelry food u
...."", --. -- u new, ea all klndj of metal
.... =. .S s .,
-"' :-- '= or.- i wlih (old,IlTtr nicktt.
No experience. its e&pluL
: FfPt Envy boaM hu rood ned-
.-. -_ _:._.-" foe plating. Wbole *J.t*
is> < -- Menu>>.Wrlu for drenUr -
The Manufacture of Blank Books co.hvlambu.0. I

a Specialty. TRUCKING LAND without expensive CutawayHARROWS
machinery or even artesian wells. A black soil, AND CULTIVATORS.
SEND F=OR PRICES several feet in depth, level as a floor, free from I keep in stock seven styles, cutting In width
timber,which can be flooded by the closing of a from two((2)) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from $1.00
gate at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade. to >'<31.00. Send for catalogue.

:;' CHA'S. W. DACOSTA, Proprietor. terlachen For particulars: ,Pla. address GEO. W. HASTINGS,In. E. HUBBARD, Gen.Federal State roiat Agent PIa.r .





The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

,ointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

[:both ways :

From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier Z9. It R.) STEAMER Florida.

ridsy July 29th. at 3 P. M......."ALGONQUIN,".......Thursday Aug. 4th, at 1:00: P. M
.esday, Aug. :ad, at 3 P. M.... .... "SEMINOLE" .... ...Sunday, Aug. 7th at 2:30 p. M
'riday. Aug. $that 3 P.K..CIIHROKEE.. ".... Thursday, Aug. nth, at 6:30: A. Mfonday
Aug. 8th, at 3 P.M.... .YEMASSRE..Sunday, Aug. 14th; at 9:30 A. Mi.VednesdayAug.
; loth, at 3 P. M......."ALGONQUIN.Tuesday, Aug. 16th, at 11:00: A. M
'riday, Aug. 12th, at 3 p. M....... "SEMINOLE.*' .......Thursday, Aug. i8th, at 12:30 p. M
Monday Aug. 15th, at 3 P. M..... ."IROQUOIS." .. Sunday, Aug. 21St, at 4:00: A. M
Wednesday Aug. 17th at 3 P. M........CHEROKEE,".... ...Tuesday, Aug. 23d, at 5:00 A. M
'Friday, Aug; 19th, at 3 P. M.... ... "YEMASSEE," .... Thursday, Aug. 25th, at 6:30: A. M
-.Monday Aug. 22d, at 3 P. M.......ALGONQUIN,"... ...Sunday, Aug. 28th, at 8:30: A. M
Wednesday,Aug. 24th at 3 p. M... ..... 'SEMINOLE,"........Tuesday, Aug. 3oth at 10:00 A. M
Friday Aug. 26th. at 3 P. M.. .. .....IROQUOIS," .. ...Thursday, Sept. is*, at u:30 A. M
Monday Aug. 29th at 3 P. M.... ....""CHEROKEE"...... Sunday, Sept. 4 iat 2:00: p. M .
,' Wednesday,Aug. 31St, at 3 P. M........"YEMASSEE" .... "..Tuesday, Sept. 6th, at 4:00: A. M

Steamer Jolutx GrIS Christopher
------ -- -

For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on APPOINTED TO SAIL

the St. Johns River.Steamer .
July 30, August 13 and 27, September 10 and 24, July 22,August 5 and 19 September 2, 16 and 30,
: "Eerulac1e October 8 and 22, November and 19. October 14 and 28, November n and 25.Tiiissteamshipl .
. + been built especially for carrying Fruit and J'eaetables, and b
Leaves Jacksonville and at returning, leaves Sanford and
Tuesdays! Saturdays 5 P. M.; Mondays perfectly ventilated. Time behreeu Jacksonville and ATM York i hours..
Thursdays, at 6 A. M.; Enterprise, 6:30 A. M.
S1ea1':1.e1.: Ve1al i" Agent Jacksonville. Agent New York Gen'l Man'r, Jacksonville-
Office 154 Maiden Lane.
Leaves Jacksonville Mondays and Thursdays, at 5 P. !o(.; returning, leaves Sanford, Wednesdaysand
Saturdays at 6 A. M.; Enterprise, 6:30 A. M. .

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. SAVANNAH LINE.Time .

JOHN L. HOWARD. Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
F. :IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
MARSHALL II. CLY IE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
,Yo F. OGDEN FAY Traveling Passenger Agent S Bowling Green New York. between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.
TIIEO. G. EGEIC, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York.J. .
A. LESLIE Superintendent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York.

Passage Mutest
i Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60 ; Intermediate $19.00 ; Excursion $43.54
Steerage, $12.50.

WILLIAM A. FOURS & CO. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $Z7.00; Intermediate $21.00; Excursion $47.30; Steerage, $14.23
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


[Central or 900 Meridian Time.]

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Nacoochee ...... .................................................:....Friday, Sept. ad, 1.30 p.m
CIty[ of Birmingham... ................................. .......... Saturday Sept. 3d 2.30 p.m
City of Augusta.... ......................... "... .... ... ..........Monday, Sept. 5th 4.30 p.m
20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE FLA. Tallahassee... ................................................. .Wednesday, Sept. 7th 5.30 p.m
Kansas City..... ................................................. ....Friday, Sept. 9th 7.ooa.m
3hattahoochee ... ...............................................Saturday, Sept. loth, 7.30 p.m
I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. Vacoochee.. ........ ..................... .................& ..... ....:Monday Sept. 12th 9.30 a.m
City of Birmingham.......... ..........................'.*.... Wednesday, Sept. Mth 12.00 m.
Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal City of Augusta ...... ............. .......................'. ......... .Friday, Sept. 16th, 2.00 p.m
. Hay Corn, Oats, Tallahassee .........................................................Saturday, Sept. Ijth, 3.00 p.m
Kansas City ................................................,........Monday, Sept. I9th 4.30 p.m
COTTON SEED MEAL Both and Dark. Chattahoochee ...................................................Wednesday, Sept. 2ist, 6.00 p.m
Bright Vacoochee........................... ..................................Friday, Sept. 23d 7.00 a.m
CIty of Birmingham................................................Saturday, Sept. 24th, 7.30 p.m
City of Augusta..s: ..........................................Monday, Sept. 26th, 8.00 p.m
STATE AGENT FOR PURE GROUND BONE Tallahassee........................................................Wednesday, Sept. 28th, 10.00 a.m
J. E. Tygert& Co.'s Kansas City.................................. ........................Friday, Sept. 30th, 12.00 m.

Star Brand Fertilizers, pOTASH Gate City ............................. .............................Thursday, Sept ist, 12.30 p.m
MURIATE OF CIty or Macon .................................... ...... ........,..Thursday,Sept. 8th, 6.00 p.m
OCA&ANTKBD AJTAX.YSU, Gate City.. ........... .............................................Thursday, Sept I5th, 12.30 p.m
Comprising BACK r rc SULPHATE POTASH City of Macon ...... ... ... .... .. .................. ..... ......Thursday, Sept. 22d, 6.00 p.mlate
Orange Tree and Vegetable City...................................................:.........Thursday,Sept. 29th, 10.JOa.m


( Ship does! NOT Carry Passengers.)
in the market and trial will convince.
have superior
These Fertilizers no a )essoug......,..........................................................Friday, Sept 9th 7.00 p.m
)essoug................ .................................... ..........Monday, Sept. I9th 4.00 p.m
GREAT OFFER.V1U' r i UPRIGHT PIANOS. Dessoug............................ ................. .................Thursday, Sept.. 29th., .io.3oa.m...


Organs, : IN UNITED STATES. Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to.the
$35.I Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of FinestOn Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. j,.
trial in i Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
!, Savannah. For information and rooms apply to ;,
b.tonhom I From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D.D. editor,of Mich.GD1er B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent W. II..LUCAS Fla. Pass.Agent
; I igan( Christian Advocate.DetroitMich.: "To say that 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street%Jacksonville.,. .
Addxus we are delighted with the Piano does not express R. L. WALKER, Agent C. G.ANDERSON,Agent.
I the fact. we are jubilant. If all your instruments New Pier No.35 North Ryesr New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga..
Ths ere Bwe err dI Bon Piano' Orgst are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf,Boston.
BEAVER FALLS PAYIN6QUTF1TSPERFECTION this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred." W. L. JAMES,Agent 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
I From PROF. E. H. PECK, Valhermoso Springs Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with D. HASHAGEN Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway.N.Y.
I' the easing or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." A. DeW.SAMPSON, General Agent, W. E-ARNOLD Gen.Tray. Pass.Ado,Jacksonville, Fla.
. From B. D. GRIGGS,Adairsville Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is 306 Washington st., B *on. W. H. RHETT GeneralAgent,
all you claim it to be." For Tickets apply to S., F.& W. Railway office. 317 Broadway New York.
From Y. M. C. A., per J. G. COOLEY Hfllsboro C.; "The organ gives entire satisfaction. e .
Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same."
From BEN. F. STEELS Pre cotl Ark.: family well pleased,in every respect with the you need stationery of any kind' paper
erpa. How you sell them so cheap is a wand }DO pens and ink? If so, send to D Costa Pruitng ALE SICKLYSly
1 and Publishing_ House Jacksonville, FlaAq'LdWaGr

r----w : OONG CHllDlirnbJed

.. \2 l..p..dr LfttMt IN'' HWO *.MOL 4 a W. E' L-I1UPPLlES I || | l.ptNeel6.p,, Pi e4.. to SPA 8 X I an mod hk.1 1 tro.b1.4 wtQ
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fny "
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w. .i.M.......a.a..4i.rsU ItNMk apr.r.M t. __... .a.. IDBIS
.,. .. k o..--..&qe., I......-M.........P..r a a i..''ia.1 '' Works,Aarort.HL ... .HNES.O b Vc 1tM1I &
w...u ".....o.nPart..G 0r..N LM6M F r$..ww..a. ,t,,.. t.....rtte.un. H-TSS.CAAI.ST.CHICAGOILL.I l dr.soA II---. .Nn never .n.. .
.,waatllnac M...,.: '*r BCX t'QlarOO.lftBrtNdARTILT. ELM ST RT.DALLASTEXAS. f IarV that. &Ia.IA1U&la an&L s.."fttIaC

i .


; F l1T L ZEl1S. FEl1 TILIZEl1S. )

Blood and Bone, Ohioago Bone: Meal,
Pure Pine Ground Bone, Dark: and Bright Cotton: Seed Meal..

Animal: Bone and Potash;: Tobacco Stems: ,

Blood, lESoraeIPxailvoriasod and Potash, Canada Hard "VSTood Ashes,

Animal: Bono, Sulphate: of Potash, &c

OrBO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. ,

President. VicePresident.H. .
By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured<< by the OLD ESTABLISHEDand
Assistant Cashier.




Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.

Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the


INVITED. Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida

Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell* Chas. Marvin, O. WEEKS State
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald, -Agent;,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge. No. 8 Bostwick Block.

Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, Bent free
upon application.

---- --- --

r all fowls sent
/ HEREAFTER by express,
will go at one-half the former
J. _r rates-a great saving to my cus
tomers. This is by special ar
: rangement, and is confined to Bowker'sOrange
,fowls from my yards.
We are the largest breeders oi
;. thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
J -I Come and see our stock or sendj
j for our illustrated catalogue and
,.price list of 14 varieties. I
y t Poultry supplies of all kinds. Grower.
# Incubators and Brooders, Shell
? and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters.
J Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
Boiled Blood and Bone to make
t, '. a:vtl' hens lay. FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
'r- EGGS TO HATCH. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of

:' E. W. AMSDEN, both tree and fruit are the results reported by large

-- Ormond, Fla and experienced planters in Florida who are using

F MuPerfection- ------ this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree' at the

Is what you seek In buying a Piano proper time, in the proper form, and i in the proper

>s_ Lowest write New us York about Prices j proportions,all the elements to bring perfect,'healthy

-or THETEINWAY- maturity.
iJT' 'P S Y
: and take no other., BOWKER'S VEGETABLE GROWER and 1, BOWKER'S ToBACCO .

Auk any GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,
Musicianabout carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes

;r Stclnway.the mentioned, and are extensively used i in Florida. BOWKER'S '


We are Wholesale Southern Agents I combination for those requiring these ingredients.

for these celebrated instruments,and you can buy from us as i Ii Chemicals at market rates.
.. easily, cheaplr, nd safely *>y mall,as m person. Ask
LUDDEN ABATES, Savannah, Ga. any flankBOWLIWUREENADADEMI. f i Send for Illustrated Catalogue Free.

< ) ,
\chartered preparatory jehool of the highest -
U inn and fUccetI. Health record -
perfect. Charges :
4drcM Jotm HartM. : .A.(.ot V .,Bo wlinj Green, j .. :

.4 .".,..,O' ... i." ..l :' -.' ." -.. .:: < e .. ;ae:.. ..,;.* ',;,., ;;-....;:.. :,it:" '..;. ;. w j :....;.,: -. a .M

'. ,, ..... 1 ,