Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
August 18, 1892
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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1869 .





DACOSTA Proprietors.& POWERS JACKSONVILLE, FLA., AUGUST 18, 1892. Whole No. 1228 ':NEW ol. I':SERIES. No. 33.


& RIPLEY' Geo. S. Hacker & Son

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, Will be ready for distribution about August 15th. It contains .. to.c

57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. Valuable Instructions for the Gardeners of Florida and other parts of the SouthIt =

Price Catalogues of weekly Bales farniKhec .
on application. contains 40 pages and is well illustrated. It will be sent'to'each one of our

customers of and .
ESTABLISHED il&M, past years, to anyone on application.SEND iMNc ;:

BROS., c
o -
o cg
Wholesale OommissioQ, Traits and 'Veg.tabiespt 1888-1892. v

returns. Stencils on application .
'S9*Hth'Csr rar (wt Phaw And Material.CHARLESTON
PAL ,S. C.


J6O I Bade Street,veto York. BENTON & TJPSON

SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. In Successful Use Since 1888in ,
Oranges Lemons, Pineapples!, and all other
Fruits early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, JACKSONVILLE, FliH.,
furs,etc. Orange Groves and Vegetable Gardens in size from six acres to one
All consignments promptly remitted for. Sten- hundred and
dls and market reports furnished free. seventy-five acres. IRRIGATING

References and banks: Bradstreets of the South.,and established merchants I have perfected, and tested by use, an arrangement of light steel

tubes as a substitute for the perishable hose.JAMES.
& CO.,

Montverde, Fla. ,

. GENERAL Southernmost Establishment in 'U. S.BOONE'S
COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. .6tV a IdaN : t Steam and Horse' Power.

218 King Street, Chattanooga Tenn.
Consignment Solicited. Q t B Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms-,Orchid.Ferns, --
1p Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole
THE world. Fine illustrated catalogue of zoo pages sent on receipt of ice. Clean, Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

O".,,,,,,,,.(' healthy stock. Low prices) Valve
fi REASOXER RROS., Oiiece, Fla.

JVetc, Jlarc and Klcaant Plant of Ji'rery WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos EARLY ORANGE.The .

Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for Southern earliest desirable Orange known; very delicious, highly flavored, well shaped, thin skin,but FRUIT TREESFOR
lawns and gardens. Choiceexoticplants little pulp or rag, full of juice and almost seedless. .
for the greenhouse or conservatory.

all the leading varieties,budded from bearing I also have a fine assortment of other choice Budded Orange and Grapefruit Trees at LIVING SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed PRICES.
true to name. for Catalogue and price list.
All the New and Desirable Tropical C. A.. BOOGIE Orlando Fla. JENNINGS'
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive Agent, [r7.aut] NURSERY CO.,
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and ThomaHvlIle, Oa: *
is sent free to applicant AddressR. -
Seven Oaks, Fla.


Allows cows and horses to graze and prevents
---DEALERS IN---- browsing. Price, 11.25 at factory, post paid li.50.

The S.B. Ilubbard Company Jacksonville,Fla..

:: wt ;Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors/'Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. agent for M.the Stat S.. MOREMEN,


Will Make Hens Lay I PRICK LIST OF WHISKEY. -'7-2S-6mo- .
Will Make Chickens Grow 1
..I 75 Martin Rye.........................i83 OO Six days earlier-than
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley.....'..2 00 'VIrginia Glades .............. ......... 4 00 _d,4 any TarlttrtettcdattlicAfricmtl '
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully Spring Valley.,*. 2 OO Old Bourbon ..................,......... fi 00 Ex. Urovodsat .
cooked,.ground fine seasoned and hermetically North Carolina Corn.......,.. 2 CO Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ 5 00 Oi nevi N. Y. Color
fine,it Clifton Club ............ ............... Old Baker ................... ......... & 00 tender grte&iah sweet white and pulp de-
sealed in 8lb. cans. Being ground can ... ..
Montrose Velvet... .... .. 86 00 liftoua. The, OUT crvp*
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as tq that rsaks flntbotbtn
rrre each equal share. ',Price cents, Jugs Extra: One gallon,25c.; two gallon .; three gallon,750. Remit 1; rat office.mone j; earliness 'mad 140Wt,.
fowl an ;30 order,check'or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry t per pin; 3.oo per ,dozen. Address HOUJS 'A complete.price!list of Groceries.and Wine"Itt, DRESSED MEAT & "WOOL. .CO., 20 forth, Send for
-1tiu xuriiM r fnformatloo. Aitests wint lSTKfWhi
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] CLARK, SON & CO. ll'Idras JiOrra fcOKSt Sew caaaaa.C*

..... .

.... J'.;44f ''o).:....: .., .; -,. .< ;* ": ..oL<..oI< .. ,..." <.... .


1" _








To destroy the insects infesting the Orange Trees. It is ..,:. "-


That can be made for the purpose. It will kill the insects without injuring the trees.

Spraying Outfits' in great variety at Manufacturers' prices. Bangor, Pine and Gum Orange Boxsides.Dry .

Pine Box-heads. Dressed and Square-cut Birch and Mixed Hoops.[

Orange Ladders Nails Etc.
Wraps, Clippers, it

Send. :for a1'1c1. Price hilt.r :.

r( E. BEAN, Jacksonvile, Fla.

.. .


Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign '

remedy foi the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has
given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.

For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water.Vhen used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees

. it is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla. r



t r $: *. THE .?. FLORIDA 4. DISPATCH ... LINE .I i


The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

.The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., F. &W. Ry.between Jacksonville,
Gainesville. Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Ca11 -
Daily:fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and ban and Live Oak.
Coast points,including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35 North River,)direct for Savannah Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday.
Mondays,Wednesdays,.Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Aug.4, n,18 and
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, 25 for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company leaving Savannah Aug. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia Aug.S, J5, 25 every ten days
4,ix,18 and 25. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co. every Tuesday and Friday
August 10,20 and joth making close connection with S.,F. &W. Ry.,for all points in Florida.Sailing : .
days for Steamships are subject change without notice.
.he Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents Of the above lines, or to W)[. P. IIARDKE.: Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah Ga.
C.:D. OWXNS,Traffic Manager Savannah, Ga. F. B. PAPY Asst. Traffic Maaager, Savannah, Ga. TT. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville, Fla"
...,\ J. P. JORDAN Trav. Agent, Qulncy. J..E. DRAYTON Trar. Agent,Jacks invlll


!: : ; '," :- : '





Croce and Orchard So, as I said, I was very glad, indeed Outlook for the Orange Grower. tily touched with red; flesh (not yet
to see Mr. Stringfellow's article.I Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: thoroughly mature for eating raw) firm,
am glad he had the courage to speak.It I will deviate from my line of contribution I but juicy and dissolving, perfectly free
.Pecan Trees Which Grew Three and takes courage to tell of one's own and give you some idea of from the objectionable grain some-
Five-eighths Inches in a Year. failures. That is what I lacked, but I the prospect for the orange grower of times found in the Kieffer; quality .
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. now I can follow. It makes one feel Florida. There was very little fruit best; the richest flavored Florida
. I was very glad indeed to see Mr. better to know he has companions in grown in the North this year. The grown pear we have yet eaten, cer-
Stringfellow's article on pecans. I misery. apple crop is an entire failure in this tainly as good as the Bartlett, and
had been reading some of the more From Mr. Stringfellow's paper I can State, and every one is asking, "Whatare better, according to our remote recol
tinted accounts of culture, and see that I am not one solitary failure,but we to do for fruit this year?" lection.-ED.
pecan one in the great majority; that insteadof i Now, to those who have oranges thereis .
.being more or less avaricious concluded one poor being singled out to fail, I a prospect for a good price for them, Orange Trees and Malaria.As .
I would rake in a few of the it happens that one or two lucky fellows as all small fruits except strawberrieshave to natural healthfulnss, Floridacan
shekels that come so fast selling have been selected to succeed. been a very short crop, and as compare favorably with any of her
pecans at $i a pound.I Now comes our enthusiastic Brown, strawberries are used mostly when sister States in the Union. Malarial
planted some on a fair the man who has the big brush first picked, there will be a dearth of fevers are by no means so commonnor
pecans and big pot of rose-colored paint. He fruit all over this section of country.I universal in her borders as many
quality of hammock land such as I tells us the price of his seed pecans, do not hear of any one having suppose. Malarial fevers may and do
had been foolishly devoting to Navel and the price and size and age of his apples except in the New England prevail in certain sections and localities
oranges at only $5 per box. These nursery stock, and shows us how prof States and that not as large a crop as while other sections and localitiesare
poor little Navel trees that only bear itable it will be for us to buy them. usual, owing to the rainy season of comparatively or wholly exempt.As .
six to eight boxes .to the tree looked : "That's business." In this day a this last spring and early summer. a rule, it will be found that those
awfully poverty stricken after reading man can't do business if he don't ad. All fruits suffered more or less. There sections and localities having the most
about pecan trees bearing 700 poundsat vertise. will be some peaches on Lake Michigan i fertile soil are the most obnoxious to
$i a pound. So I planted pecans. When we read an advertisement. and some plums, but not nearlyas the prevalence of malarial fevers. It
Then I went home and figured up the are apt to scrutinize the statements be many as last year. So the orangeis does seem, however, that within the
profits. At two rods apart will give fore we purchase the goods. So about bound to bring a good price this last two decades malarial fevers have .
forty trees per acre; 700 pounds per the ioo-foot pecan tree "with branches been on a steady decline even in the
tree will give 28,000 pounds per acre, sweeping the ground forty feet long." year.While we suffered from drouth last more sickly regions, which, in the writ-
one-half of them fit for seed at $i, Such a tree would have a diameter of spring, the people of the North and er's opinion, may be largely attributedto
$14,000, and the balance table nuts at trunk of, say two and a half feet. Then West were being drowned out and the the extensivecultivation of the orangetree
20 cents, $2,800, making $16,800 per the spread of branches would be just crops are generally poor, wheat being within that period. Whether this
acre.Oh five rods, and occupy twenty five only a third ot a crop, corn almost a is the result of an anti-malarial property -
how insignificant my poor little square rods of ground. It would be failure, and all other crops in proportion of the tree, or is due to a more thor-
Navels looked I had planted pe very interesting to know how Mr. some scarcely worth harvesting. ough drainage of the soil by a peren-
cans. Then I thought of the numberof Brown contrives to get twenty-seven I Hay is the only good crop. nial tree with a heavy foliage of large
shares of national bank stock I such trees on an acre of land, which People will have fruit, and the leaves, it may not be easy to deter
could buy. I imagined myself sitting only contains 160 square rods. orange and lemon will take the placeof mine. The use of roots and leaves of
in the shade of a great pecan grove Any man who can grow twenty- other fruits. So let the people the citrus family as a cure or preven
busily engaged in cutting coupons off seven trees on an acre and have each take courage and hope for better prices tive of malarial fevers in Southern
my government bonds. I had planted one of them 100 feet tall and 8234 than those received last year, and Italy or Northern Africa is, however,
pecans. The old house I lived in feet broad can make money growing believe that "It's an ill wind that a common domestic practic, according
looked shabby and I planned a palatial pecans. If the balance of Mr. Brown's blaws naebody guide" Yours, to Tomasi Crudelli* Moreover, within -
new one. I decided on a model figures are as interesting and accurateas F. C. the memory and professional expe-
for my new steam launch. these they are certainly very re :Manchester Mich.Garber. rience of the writer, the malarial fevers -
That was four years and nine markable, and worthy of very careful of Florida have become much
months ago. My pecans came up. consideration by all who have pecan Hybrid Pear. milder and more amenable to treat.
They grew 3f inches(approximately). planting in view. Mr. J. H. Girardeau, of Monticello, ment. Very rarely, indeed, is the algid -
Then an air of irresolution seemed to DUDLEY W. ADAMS. sent us a box of pears, including a or congestive type met with;
pervade them. They seemed to doubt Tangerine, Orange Co., Fla., Aug. IQ, 1892. sample of this variety, of which he whereas such cases were not uncom-
the possibility of making a pecan tree While we know nothing of Mr. says : mon twenty-five or thirty years ago;
one hundred feet high with branches Brown's trees except from his pub "I think it is by far the best of the and, according to the reports of the
forty feet_long. I confess to sharing lished statements, we have seen on entire! list .of those_adapted to_Florida. medical officers of the United States
their feelings of uncertainty. They the light pine soils of Nassau county The tree is equally as healthy and Army, during the various Seminolewars
adopted the Fabian policy. They did pecan trees eighteen years old which vigorous as the Kieffer, making, if from 1835 to 1854, the algid or
not grow any more that year. The were forty feet high and a foot or more anything, more growth during a sea- congestive type of malarial tox mia
next year they showed themselves in diameter. It would seem that President son. The fruit is very much finer in was not infrequent. In all other respects -
satisfied with the first year's effort and Adams' hammock is too far southto appearance and flavor than the Kieffer; the salubrity of Florida is first-

made about the same progress. Then suit the pecan. As to yield, Mr. when fully ripe it is a rich golden yel class; and while her coast cities and
they stopped and rested. Those pecan Brown published in this paper, July low with rosy cheeks. It ripens just towns may be exposed to the dangerof
trees have grown five summers, 17, 1890, a report (duplicated to the after the LeConte, and bridges the interval occasional epidemics of yellow fever
rested lour winters and are now on an United States Agricultural Depart- between the LeConte and during the hot season, she is not with.
average about thirty four inches high.I ment), in which he wrote, "The first Kieffer very nicely. It seems to do out compensation in an almost total _
concluded that of all the worldI paying crop is usually borne at fifteen best on the LeConte roots." exemption from diphtheria, and the
had been singled out as a failure in to twenty years of age, though they The sample was evidently not a slight mortality attending such exan-
the pecan business ; I felt humiliated.I will commence bearing in six to ten typical one in shape, being somewhat thematous diseases as measles and
supposed everyone else was rapidly years. The average yield of a tree in unsymmetrical, that is, one-sided; scarlet fever, owing to the mildnessand
growing forests of dollar-a-pound pe full bearing is ISO to 300 pounds.- about the size of the average LeConte; general equability of her climate.DR. .
cans. I secretly resolved to keep still ED. heavy in the hand; of a rich golden on J. P. WALL in Climatologist.
about my pecan venture and go back ._-S the shaded side, on the upper side ,
Impaired Digestion repaired by BIU CJAl\I'S Address before the International
Navels. flecked with and .
again to greenish
j.. my PILLS. spots pret- at Copenhagen. i



Orange Wine. ripened and dried by the dry air and American grapes, grown here, and butter as is made in the United Statescan
The American orange and lemon ground in California that where irrigation ripe in August, side by side, in any be made from the above grasses,
business promises to be largely over- is not given too late the trees Eastern Western market with Cali-- cow peas, and our superfine water, no
done within ten years. Already pricesare of citrus will bear more frost than in fornia grown foreign varieties (all that lime or iron in it.
so low that "there is nothing left any other known citrus country. And they can grow), and I will get for You can grow all vegetables that are
for the grower" after the commissionman frosts in California are not accompa- them at least fifty cents per pound in grown in first-class gardens, East or
and the railroad get.their share. nied by any wind, which I fancy your any of those cities. Gathering, boxes, elsewhere, cheaper and better, except
There is little use going abroad for a frosts usually are. This makes great freight and commission, say twenty- celery; this I have tried in every way
market. In Southern Europe orangesare difference.I five cents per pound; this leaves me possible, spring, summer and winter,
so cheap that they can hardly be should be glad to know what are twenty-five cents clear profit, and beinga and made a perfect failure. July and
given away in the height of the sea- the products chiefly raised in your grower and producer for August August are the worst months for vegetation .
son. One of our own correspondentsin country, and what they cost you to market, I will not today accept an and this is when cow manure
Mexico tells us how he can affordto get them to Northern markets, and the offer of twenty five cents per poundfor only comes into practice. Spread it
use lemons and oranges for missilesto months you are able to get them in. the whole six-acre crop planted broadcast and plow inj; open drills
throw at black birds in the corn : Also do you find any inconveniencefrom eight feet apart. In California I have after plowing; again put in cow
field. What is to be done with the the heat of summer? I have sold at $20 per ton and wagoned them manure; on this, three inches of soil;
vast increase in our crop of this fruit? received a table of some years of tem- fifteen miles. In raisin grapes we can then plant any of the Brassica tribe.
What do we eat an orange for ? The perature at 7 a. m., 2 p. m. and 9 p. not compete with them, for the reason Same for any seeds, putting a mark
juice! The orange, as a whole fruit, m. at Tallahassee. They are higher that they have no dews as we have, !! (furrow) with rake handle on top;
. cannot be kept long enough to avoida than in most parts of California, where consequently all their raisin grapes, : then run some water from waterpot'without
glutted market, but the juice alone the summer heat is always temperedby when ripe, are cut and laid on boards hose, drop your seed, and all
can. Apples will not keep beyond a day wind and a night return wind. two feet square in the sun. When will grow.-Letter in Country Gen-
their season, but cider and vinegarwill. These winds exist on the leg of Florida. cured, taken to packinghouse, boxed tleman. .
It is natural that Florida growers Have you got them also? and shipped. t
are turning their attention to "or- Here we are fourteen miles from a As to wine-making I cannot answer, Figs in the South.
ange wine" factories, where the juiceof railroad. As a simple consequencethere for no sane man would turn his grapesat The fig succeeds on any kind of land
surplus oranges can be squeezed out is no market available for any- above prices into that liquor. We in the South, clay or sand, high or
and preserved for use when the whole thing; all fruits perish in that fourteen have now the wild grape Scuppernong, low, hammock or pine, and requires
fruit is not in the market. This is a miles joltingand storekeepers alone of which the natives make a decoctionby little or no cultivation. It comes early
sensible and practical undertaking in make anything Their selling pricesare bruising the fruit, mixing it with into bearing, only two years from the
the line of true agricultural progress.- 50 percent to 150 per cent. above sugar and then calling it wine. Cali-- cutting; is easy of propagation, and
Rural New Yorker. city prices; much of the existing pro- fornia makes wine, but so long as this may be trained to tree shape and
their hands and fusel oil is in the soil thence to shoot
duce going
------- *---- passes through growth by allowing only one or
Letter from California. the general population slaves on justto the grape, their wine can only be stem to the root. The chief obstacleto
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: keep life in whilst the storekeepergets second class. For the effects of it on drying the fruit in the sun in Floridais
I am engaged in hothouse and other rich. the human system travel through the that the ripening occurs during the
floriculture and a few forced products.Our This section is beautifully wooded; wine districts. periodic wet season. It begins to
facilities here in California for fine climate except a liability to too Kelsey and Satsuma plums do as ripen about the first of July for the
transit to Eastern markets are so diffi- much day heat in summer but always well, if not better, here than in Cali- general crop, and fruit has been obtained
cult and so limited that I have long cool nights. This year the nights to fornia ground. Peaches not grown from the cutting the first year.
contemplated a change to some mild the end of last month ranged from 55 now; early frost catches them. Small The varieties that have given the
State having less drawbacks. Our to 65usually about the latter. Or- fruits do well, but are not as fine in best satisfaction in this State are the
climate, also, is too dry and heated in anges and lemons grow satisfactorilyin flavor or size as Eastern-grown ones. White Adriatic and White Smyrna,
summer for most plants, though probably this section, with scarcely any in- Apples, only a very few varieties do [Both these are too susceptible to
none can excel it in fruits. I jury except in cold valleys. Guavas well. Pears, in growth of trees and cold-ED. OF F. AND F.-G.] whichare
would ask from you the kindness of have not been put in here; but in Los productiveness and flavor, far surpass very choice for drying or table
information as to climate and freight- Angeles and San Diego counties many those of any other part of the United use; Celestial, very sweet, small
ing faclities Western Florida; and have been planted of late years. Ban- States, and the day is close at hand and a prolific bearer; Black Ischia, a
probably you may also be acquaintedwith anas or dates are quite useless anywherein when these superior Southern pears bluish black variety of good quality,
that part of Georgia which lies California and will not survive the will be as plenty-our summer and and the Brown Turkey, another pro-
along the line of rail from Mobile to winter anywhere north except when fall varieties-in all European citiesas lific bearer.
the Eastern States. much protected. But the Californian they are in New York, and will be The situations best suited for the
As you may imagine house horti- palm (pntchardia) does well wherever there eaten by the masses as they are fig orchard are those which have a
culture is less liable to harm from occasional tried and makes sturdy growth. Some here, and not by the select few as at northern exposure, which will serveas
frosty spells than is citrus orange trees grow over a hundred miles present. No fruit insects of any a sort of protection from the cold.
culture; but long spells of raw cold north of this central county, which amount; pine-tree odor they do not If a southern exposure is selected the
weather damage seriously tender her bore over 3,000 each last year, ripen- like, seemingly. Mocking birds are young trees will take on such a rapid
baceous plants,which can be protectedby ing about the same time as yours, and our greatest pest on grapes and plums; growth during winter that a sudden
coverings in short frosts. In this earlier by three or four weeks than in cheese-cloth is a preventive. frost will kill them while in the sappy
part of California we have from five Southern California. Stable manure is not used for farming state. A northern exposure keeps
to ten nights in the year in which it H. S. WOOD. orcharding or vineyard. Com- back this growth and makes the young
falls to 32 on high ground. It rarely Amador County cal.FruitGrowing .. pared with commercial fertilizers, it shoots strong enough to resist the or-
falls as low as 28. Never been known would not pay as a gift to haul a half- dinary attacks of frost. As we come
lower, than 22. Elevation i,600 feet. in South abama. mile. The fertilizers used are cotton- farther north, in Georgia and the Car-
But on low ground in California any- Bear in mind that injury to fruit, no seed meal, kainit, raw and dissolved olinas, where the frosts are heavier,
where it falls at times to 16 or 18 matter how well packed, on ten milesof bone.'s this precaution is needed all the more.
every few years. Even at Riversideit country road (ours more especially) General farm crops are: Corn sown The frost does not easily kill the trees
falls to 18. does more harm than 1,000 miles in April, fifty bushels per acre; after but it sets them back in their growthand
Still, in choosing a location, if fall- carriage on a railroad. Land for suc- potatoes planted in March and dug in prevents the maturing of good
ing to 32 be a very frequent occur- cessful growing of all fruits should be June, corn following, forty bushels to crops of fruit.
rence, one may as well choose to be drained. Draining tiles are not made the acre; potatoes again planted in The fig is destined to become an
even nearer Northern cities than any here, neither are they required. Open August, and dug in November-result, important fruit in the South, and when
part of Florida; and locate in Tennessee drains forty feet apart and four feet twenty barrels for the one planted; better methods of drying them for the
or Alabama, or on a thermal belt deep will answer, sided and topped sweet potatoes, 200 to 400 bushels per market are observed the imported fruit
on the sides of the Blue Ridge Mountains with slabs from sawmills, which can acre; cow peas in drills in July. will be driven out of the market as
in North Carolina or in Virginia, be had for the hauling three to four Grasses-crab grass, Mexican clover, completely as Mediterranean oranges,
sloping towards the Atlantic, on which miles. On the top slab lay pine tree orchard grass, millet, alfalfa.( Texas lemons and other tropical fruits have
frost is less than both below and above brush. At the openings to air build red or rust-proof oats, sown in been in the past. Fig culture for
that elevation. It has been my im with brick or stone ten feet long, sides November, plowed in, two bushels to profit has not, so far, obtained much
pression that California has suffered I and top. Thus made, they will last the acre-it tillering well-gives good success in this country, but many are
less than you have by frosts until you : fifty years at least when kept from air winter herbage for all live stock. now going into the business for money.
get south of the northern counties of action. Removing stock in March, top-dress Experiments were made last year in
Florida. I believe it to arise entirely Foreign grapes will not do so well 1,000 pounds per acre; in May it will several parts of the South in placing
from general climate and not the se. here as in California, but you don't give two tons of dried hay to the acre, green figs upon the Northern markets:
verity of frost. The wood gets so want them. I will place our native cut when grain is in milk. As fine The success of the enterprises seems



to have justified the growers in their and if you do that the tree must sufferin consideration in this country. The nish will do-then gave the trees ten
expectations of a profitable business, proportion; therefore I would advise soil immediately about the trunk is pounds of sulphate potash each. The
and larger groves have been planted you to do no more than is necessary shaded and thus kept more moist and bark now is nearly grown over and I
since. in the way of disturbing the roots. loose. The picking of fruit is greatly think cured.I .
The fig>> are sold in any kind of Then cleanliness, in the way of keep- facilitated and less expensive. A would not have troubled you, but
condition, often being put up in old ing the weeds down, is absolutely essential large olive grower has told me that it Mr. Tanner did not give his address.
pickle jars or bottles of different sizes. ; trees will never do any goodif costs him four times as much to pick Yours truly, Wx This is very different from the nicely you allow the weeds to grow.- olives from some of his high trees as Avon Park, Fla.
packed, pressed and dried fruit that Australian Bulletin. it does from the low-trained ones, and ... ..
comes from Mediterranean, with For most of the loose sandy soils of anyone can see how much help it is The dense black population of Leon
the trademark and label of the growers Florida this advice is correct; but we in the case of lemon trees, from which county has largely drifted away to the
marked fancifully on the box cov- are acquainted with groves in the flat- pickings are made several times a year.I phosphate mines; cotton culture is ina
ers. In order to compete successfullywith woods where the soil is so dense and have not had to use steps or laddersin decadence, and a more diversified
the imported fruit it is necessaryto heavy that it must be stirred or the picking oranges from my sevenyearold agriculture is springing up. The
have the fruit properly preparedand roots will be suffocated. trees. dairy and stock farms are paying well.
neatly put up, according to rule, .. There might be seven equally cogent The butter production is larger than
in a regular preserving factory. Fresh Bees and Birds. reasons in favor of high pruning, but the home consumption, and is eagerly
figs could also be sent North as wellas The question of the bees injuring it has not been my lot to fall upon bought elsewhere. The vineyards,
the dried fruit, and there is no doubt fruit is again brought up by those who them. To show the increase in bear. both eating and wine grapes, are enor-
(but the demand for them will be great. devote more study to horticulture than : ing surface, I call to mind some trees mously productive, and the owners
Fig trees do the best when plantedin to bees, but if these same fruit growers I pruned high, of the same age as mine. of the bearing nut trees possess a ver-
rows about fifteen feet apart each would look to the birds they would When I had a small first crop they itable gold mine. But the coming big
way. The fields are marked off in I find they are the natural enemies, and had nothing. The next year I had crop of Leon county is the tobacco
squares and holes dug for the cuttingsor not the bees. The birds are not only about half a box to a tree; they had crop. The quality of the Leon
young trees to be put in. The cut the enemies of the fruit growers, but one or two dozen. A good maxim county wrapper tobacco is unexcelled
tings consist of twigs of last year's the enemies of the bee keepers. If it about pruning is, train a tree as you anywhere. In the olden days a little
wood, which are buried in the ground were not for the great prolificacy of wish it to grow, and don't try to make tobacco was raised, but during the
about six inches from the surface. The I the queen bees, whole hives of bees it as you wish when it is oldwhenyou I great change it dwindled into nothing.
cuttings can be taken off and plantedin would be destroyed by the voracious have to use a two-horse pair of A few years ago some of our cotton
a trench until early spring, when birds. So determined do the birds shears and a buck saw. I do not planters, in their despair, tried tobacco -
the fig trees are beginning to put out become at times that they follow the favor letting new growth get more and they were astonished at the
their leaves. When the trees get very bees up to their hives, and watch for than a foot or two long. Fruit borneon result. They found that our tobacco
large every alternate one can be taken their coming out to seize them. The I the extremities of long branches is made wrappers and fillers equal to
out, often with the best results. Thereis shot gun is the only appeal for the bee always coarse and poor. Large trees Sumatra and Cuba. Last year less
little cultivation needed after the keeper at such times. In the fields should be thinned inside-especially than fifty acres were planted in to-
trees once get a start.-GEORGE B. the birds are attracted to the bees, seedling trees. Let the sunlight and bacco. This year over 300 are
WALSH in Garden and Forest. probably for the little sacs of honey air into the heart of the tree ; it will planted, and in spite of the dry
I which they carry, and not so much keep the tree clean, and the fruit will weather the plant is in splendid con.
Feed Your Trees. for the bees themselves. The birds ripen more uniformly, leaving none of dition. The weed is now being cut
As to the treatment of the trees: are also the chief offenders against the those puffy, coarse, -sickly looking or- the first time, and it is estimated that
These trees are very exhausting to the fruit growers. They pierce the fruit anges so common in the centers of the yield will be over 150,000 pounds.,
soil, they take a great deal from it, with their bills, and allow the nectarto large trees.-Pacific Rural Press. As this year's crop is now an assured
and unless you give something back escape. Decay soon sets in, but fact, and offers the planters such remunerative -
again, there are very few soils that the bees are on hand and sip the juiceas Umbrella Tree Leaves as a Protec- results, it is estimated that
will stand it long; you must feed the it escapes. They never touch tion Against Insects. over 1,000 acres will be planted next
trees properly and feed them with con- sound fruit, but always go for those Our correspondent. Chas. F. year.Floridian.
genial food. There are a great many that have had their skin puncturedby May, of Eustis, writes that last year
growers, I am sorry to say, not onlyof the birds, thorns or limbs. All of he put some of the leaves of this tree 0 u oGFJ06'AGitiA0000oGGGGGioOGGo
oranges but of other trees, who this escaping nectar is honey lost, if with his popcorn and garden seeds, p Fraud nUYElts c
think they have done all that is necessary the bees were not ready to gather it with a few on top, and the seeds were of Fruit \Wrappers |
when they prepare the land and up. As economizers of waste prod- not molested by the weevil. His r
stick the tree in. This is a decided ucts the bees are, therefore, une- wife also says they will, if sprinkled 1 NO MORE CHEATING.
mistake, the trees must be fed with a qualled.-Am. Cultivator. among woolen clothes, prevent the o Consumers of Fruit Wrappers
suitable material to supply their wants; -.... moths from injuring them. He adds: now know that they get an honest I
they are constantly taking from the Pruning Horsehigh.We "As I write I can look out of the 0 ream of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320
soil certain materials. Some soils may do not pay much attention to door and see two umbrella trees that I 0 sheets to ream as some unscrupulous
contain those materials in large quantities pruning. The French or English were set the winter of 1885-6. Theyare I O dealers supply.
and the supply may last for gardener will spend more time and I now fifteen inches in diameter, I| OUR FAIR AND SQUARE
many years, but in other soils the thought over a single tree than we giveto and though twenty-four feet apart, Wrappers are put up In packages of
supply may be limited and they will a ten-acre orchard. As I go aboutI their limbs interlock. Beneath this I C
want to be replenished very soon, and am amused, and also nearly vexed, dense shade the St. Augustine grass numbered
this has to be considered. Then, to see all trees in some orchards I forms a solid mat of living green, 0>> one can
again, some soils become exhaustedof trimmed up exactly alike, the fig and and it stays so the year round, wheth. | HONESTLY BEAT
a particular class of plant food, prune, apricot and lemon, so that a er cold or hot, wet or dry. I believe (
though the other kinds may be in horse can rub up close to the trunk. the St. Augustine grass would make CJ:> our prices. Send for samples and
abundance. I need scarcely tell you My friend, you call yourself an intel- the best all-the-year-round pasture prices to
that if the ground is rich in all elements ligent horticulturist, have you ever grass we have in the South. |I The Jersey City Printing Co., $!

save one, say. potash, the absence considered! what you _are growingand y -- JERSEY CITY, N. J.
of that particular one will causea trimming trees ? Is it for produc- Gum in Lemons.
failure; therefore it must be providedif tiveness, that is, profit, or for your Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: eeeeaeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeooeeoA
we want healthy, durable trees. own ease in working around them, In your issue of 2ist inst. :Mr. J.
My idea if to feed the orange from the that your hat may not be knocked off L. Tanner, of Orange county, asks a LARGE SIZE CRAYON PORTRAITOf
top-apply the manure as a mulching, by branches, or a little backache savedin cure for gum on lemons. My lemons' Yourself or Friend FREE.
let it decay, doing the same year after hoeing ? I will wager almost any- are budded on sweet seedlings, and F We will make a large size Cray
year. thing that the extra amount of fruit last spring two trees started runninggum R on portrait, Free of charge, of
I believe disturbing the orange more i produced on a low-headed and low- just above the bud, and the trees r, yourself or friend. We do this in
than can be avoided is a decided mis- branched tree pays for hoeing aroundit turned yellow. I treated mine as be- ( order to introduce our work in
take; do not disturb the roots more many times over.I low, and they are both healing up E your section of the country.
than you can help. The practice of am a strong advocate of low pruning and the trees are looking and growingwell. liIKHfiHSS GUA ?AfTBBD.
digging or plowing in an orange or- of orange trees for these seven rea- I scraped off all the gum, cut Our Crayons are made by a skilful
chard is most barbarous in my opin- sons : The fruit-bearing surface is away the diseased bark, washed well artist and is a work of art.
ion; a great portion of the small greatly increased. The tree is made with a strong solution of McMaster &
*9'Thl offer la for
feeders of the tree are growing near more stocky, and is thus better able to Miller's insecticide, also sprayed the you want a picture enlarged a short time.send in If
the surface, and you tear and mutilatea withstand high winds. The bark of tree well with the same solution, your photograph,at once,to the
large proportion of these feeders, the trunk is shaded, a most important painted the sores with shellac-var- High Grade 132 Quincy Art St., Chkago.AUGUST Co., .





-- -- f
ners in the same season. If there is Watch the weeds and keep them sider the best of the standards. Fottler's 1
F.RI\'dEl\ A
] not a sufficient supply of young plantsa down. Cultivate early and often. As Brunswick should not be used on i
fair substitute may be found in vig- soon as one crop has matured and lands subject to killing frosts, as it is
Strawberry Culture-No. 3. orous old plants taken up and broken been gathered, put something else in quite tender. Early Winningstadt is
LoCATION.-A sloping piece of into fingers. Each one should be the ground that it occupied. It will a good old standby.
ground is nearly always a good selection thoroughly rubbed to remove all the be found advisable to alternate loot CARRoTS.-Our personal preferenceis I
for strawberries in Florida, as old husk just at the base of the green crops and those in which the product St. Valery and Chantenay for table t
there is generally a substratum of clay leaves. It is here the tender, white is borne above ground.We use. Large White Belgian is best I
less than two feet below the surface, hair-like roots push forth; and if : have many requests about this adapted to field culture for stock feed- )
and the water from the higher ground they have to force their way throughthe time each year for a list of the best ing.
slowly percolating downward along old husk they will be so long in varieties for general planting. What CucuMBERs.-A good crop of these
the surface of this layer of clay will sub-1 doing it that the plant will get a poor vegetables to plant in the fall must be can be made if planted in September.Use .
irrigate the ground above it during a start before the fall drouth comes on, determined by each planter accordingto any of the White Spine varieties.For .
drouth. A southern slope will general. and will bear little fruit.-ED. his liability to early frosts. pickling purposes use Wester-
ly ripen berries earlier than a northern t In connection with the naming of field's. Chico Pickle.
slope. A flat, low-lying piece of land Fall Gardening. best varieties we shall confine our CELERY.This is becoming a valu-
may be good for strawberry growing, Editor; Farmer and Fruit Grower: selves only to standard varieties. able crop in Florida. There are but
on account of moisture during the fall The time is now here when the fall There are others of our own introduction two varieties that can be recommendedfor
and spring drouths; yet such locations, !gardening should begin. The increase which we consider better, but general planting, Mexican Solid
especially if surrounded with woods, I in family gardens last fall was placing them on record in an article and Savannah Market. The Giant
are apt to be frosty, while on a more like this savors too much of "blowingour Pascal will become valuable from testsso
those interested the
elevated location the wind will blow very gratifying to own trumpet" too freely, and thisis far.
the frost away. Yet, on the whole, we increase, so far as our observation has not written to be considered by the EGG PLANTS should only be plantednow
should favor the lower, moister lands, gone, being over one hundred per reader as a free advertisement. in the actually frost-proof locali-
if fairly well drained, as they will pro- cent. We sincerely hope that the ASPARAGUS. Its culture is not ties. The large, purple strains are the
duce an abundant foliage that will increase again this year will be pro- general and its success is doubtful. best, although some prefer the Black
protect the fruit from frost. A windy portionate to that of last year, and if it The Palmetto is the best variety for I Pekin because it is more prolific. The
spot should not be chosen, as the is Florida will not much longer be the South. New Jersey Improved is not a distinct
winds will blow the pollen away in the proud (?) possessor of the name BUSH BEANS-A good crop of variety.
blossoming time; yet it is desirable to of "Tin Can State." these can be made in Central and LETTucE.-The Improved Hanson
have a free circulation of air, in orderto At least five out of every ten residents South Florida, if planted by September still remains the standby. Tomhan-
secure a sufficient distribution of of Florida will assert that a 15. In the frost-proof localities a nock we consider the best for eating,
the pollen. family garden in Florida is out of the succession can be planted all throughthe but some object to it because of its
SOIL.-Sandy soils are more easily question. This is rank slander, yet it fall and winter. Of the green pod. slightly bronzed leaves. Drumhead
worked than clay, and Florida sands, influences many, especially newcomers ded varieties the Valentine, Refugee White Cabbage variety is best of the
especially when deeply plowed, possess and in some cases turns away aud Mohawk are the favorites. The I large varieties, forming heads weigh-
the power of resisting drouth surprisingly -,intending settlers. A garden is an Mohawk is the hardiest and will stand ing two or three pounds. Denver
well. Strawberries grown on 'impossibility to the man who spendsthe a light frost without injury. Of the Market is also proving well adapted to
sand are of a higher color, firmer and, day on the porch of a grocery Wax varieties we prefer Wardwell's I the South.
in proportion to their size, sell betterin store talking politics, cursing the Kidney Wax to all others, it being ONIONS.-Do not try to make a
the market than those grown on so called demonetization of silver, lack the earliest, most prolific, and of the crop of any variety except the Ber-
clay or other heavy soils. Those produced of currency, etc. There will alwaysbe best quality of any. The Bush Lima muda. The New Queen and Extra
on light sand, mature earliest, a lack of currency in such men's and all pole beans do best for spring Early Barletta can be planted in
and consequently fetch the highest pockets, not from legislation, but planting. September for early onions for pulling
prices, but the plants succumb to from pure, unadulterated laziness. BEETS can be sown from September green. Remember that you cannot get
drouth sooner, and it is more difficultto The writer met a lady from Orange to May; should only be sown good, fresh seed that can be depenaed
make them live through the summer. county a short time ago. In talking where the ground is rich or highly fer upon of the Bermuda before October ist.
Muck is a good element in a soil for with her she said, "Mr. Hastings, tilized. If they are not grown quickly We have made it a rule in our houseto
strawberries when thoroughly decomposed when I came to Florida all my neigh- they will be tough and stringy. absolutely refuse to send out any
pulverized and incorporatedwith bors told me that it was impossible to Improved Blood Turnip, Eclipse and Bermuda onion seed between August
other soils; but on account of raise a garden here. I got tired of Bastian's Early are the best in the or- 1st and October 1st.
the objections to very low-lying lands raising vegetables in tin cans and determined der named. MUSTARD is easily grown and
it is generally better to haul the muck last fall to try gardening in BRUSSELS SPROUTS.-A peculiar should be in every garden. The
up to a higher land and mix it with it. the ground. I did so, expecting fail member of the cabbage family, and Giant Southern Curled is the proper
TIME OF PLANTING.The tremendous ure. To my surprise we had one of should be cultivated the same. It variety and is used as a salad like let-
rains which fall in August in Flor- the best gardens I have seen." produces miniature heads at the axil tuce.PARSLEY.
ida are destructive to beds, washing What Florida needs is more people of each leaf on the stem, and is of bet- .The Moss Curled we
them out of shape and beating the soil who will try; not only try, but do it ter quality than cabbage. Plant the consider best. Parsley should be
down almost as hard as it was before i in a determined manner, and successis Improved Dwarf. planted by the patient grower only, as
plowing. It is better to wait until pretty sure to follow.A BORECOLE OR KALE.-Another of it takes from three to six weeks for
the last of August or first of September few words as to preparation for the cabbage tribe, almost as easily the seed to germinate.PEAS. .
before plowing and making the beds. the garden. Do not try to cover too grown as turnips. Is used for greens.Is .-We consider Bliss' Ever-
Then if the plants are set with a gar. much ground. It is a temptation to best after being touched by frost. bearing as unsurpassed both in qualityand
den trowel, taking a lump of earth as "spread out" where land is cheap, but BROCCOLI is closely allied to the prolificness for family use. For
l large as a goose egg with each plant, it don't pay. Prepare your ground cauliflower, from which it is supposedto an extra early we believe the Alaska
they will receive very little shock, but thoroughly, getting it clear from all have come. Is quite easily grown, preferable to other standard dwarf
go on growing, and the final result will grass, weeds, sticks, etc. Florida and should be more generally planted. varieties. The planter will find also
be better than with those plants which sandy soil is porous enough withoutthe Both the White and Purple Cape are that the edible podded sugar peas will
were set in July and exposed to the assistance of the above. Next, good, the only difference being in the prove a desirable acquisition to the
heavy rains. Again, where plants are decide on how much fertilizer you can color of the heads.CAULIFLOWER I family garden.
set in midsummer they are apt to afford to put on an acre, then take requires a rich, moist POTAToES.-Only Florida grown
make a rank and succulent growth, that amount and put it on one-eighth soil, and without this the best results potatoes of last spring's crop shouldbe
and then come to a standstill before or one-quarter acre. You will then cannot be obtained. Early Snowballand used for fall planting. This sum-
the cool nights come on, in which case have your soil in a condition to grow Selected Dwarf Erfurt are consid. mer's Northern or Tennessee grown
they are very liable to be attacked by vegetables and grow them quickly; ered the best of the standard varieties.We potatoes will rot in the ground nine
"white bud" or "dieback," and ren- quick growth in vegetables, as a rule, believe, however, that the Gilt times out of ten. If you do plant
dered practically worthless. means better quality and larger yields. Edge strain of the Snowball will supersede Northern stock in the fall, however
USE YOUNG PLANTS.-Vigorous Use care in sowing the seeds, and them.CABBAGE.For. be sure and lime the seed pieces after
young plants of the current year's always remember to firm the soil after earliest planted va cutting and do not plant until the eyes
growth are always to be chosen for fall planting.If riety use the Long Island Wakefield, show signs of starting.
setting. It is still better if they are you have been accustomed to a cross between the Jersey Wakefieldand RADISH can be grown by every-
propagated from plants which were not gardening in stiff, heavy soils, remember the Flat Dutch, giving increasedsize body. Use the Early Long Scarlet
allowed to bear fruit the preceding that in this sandy soil seed shouldbe with the same earliness. Of the and Chartier for long red varieties;
spring, as it weakens the vitality of planted nearly twice as deep as ina flat varieties Early Summer, Dwarf Long White Vienna for long white;.
plants! produce, both.fruit and run. heavy soil. Flat Dutch and All Seasons we con- French Breakfast for half long, andHE



Scarlet Button for turnip radish. Scarlet its highest value. But if you have not egg, and enough ants will be carriedto The subject is better understoodand
Button is the earliest, maturing in enough live stock to trample down as the crib to destroy every weevil people are beginning to realize
twenty-one days.TOMATOES.. much straw and leaves as you wish to that may be lurking about it; and he there is nothing difficult about the
planted by September make use of, the following plan will be finds his corn as good the next Sep- operation and are adopting it rapidly.
15th a few can be raised most found a good one: tember as when he gathered it. Never They have discovered that they can
anywhere in the State if planted in With a scraper and a span of horses slip-shuck corn, but jerk the ears off do it easily with the improved instru-
sheltered spots. We prefer Favorite, excavate a wide, shallow, circular basinin with all the husks and the stem at- ments now made for the purpose, and
Perfection, Volunteer and Ignotum in your barnyard, say forty feet wide tached. Slip-shucked corn is much by so doing their income from poultry
. the order named.TURNIPS.Florida. and four feet deep at the center, slop- more liable to be invaded by the wee- is increased.In .
gardeners needno ing up to the edges. Line this with vils. the very near future the United
instructions about turnips. It is clay well tamped down to render it States will follow the universal practice
the only vegetable that we have enoughof water-tight. Have it near your stables. Poultry. in France and caponize all their
in this State. Would say, however, Haul into it straw and leaves as muchas cockerels not intended for breeding
that we believe the Breadstone to be you desire, then use it for a dump Edited by E. W. AMSDEN Ormond, Fla. purposes.I .
superior to any of the old standards.H. ing place for every species of refuse have a series of questions and
G. HASTINGS. matter that possesses any manurial About Capons. answers on the subject of caponizingthat
Interlachen Fla., Aug.* 8., 189::. value, all the household slops, muck, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: I shall mail to any one free of
Compost and Ohemicals for To- manure, weeds from the garden (before Many of your readers, no doubt, charge, they sending a two cent stampto
they have formed seeds), in fact, after seeing the heading of this article, pay postage.
bacco. everything. When the rains have will pass it by without reading remark- GEORGE Q. Dow.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: wetted the mass through, drive a yokeof ing to themselves: "What do I care I North Epp n'. N. H.
I want to make a compost of oak oxen around over it for an hour to about caponizing? It takes an expertfor .
and pine leaves, straw, etc. I will be settle and stir it. After a month re that business." The idea seemsto Iift'etoc1 .
glad if you will tell me through your peat. Keep adding enough dry strawto have rooted itself into their minds
paper the kind of chemicals to use for absorb the rainwater. Throw a few that caponizing is an art or trade by Treatment for Acclimation Feverin
tobacco and the quantity of each arti-- grains of corn into it and let the hogs itself, and can only be performed successfully the South.
cle so used. I also have some stable find it out. They will turn it over a by those long trained in the Herewith, I send you for publication -
manure. How is the best way to rot thousand times and triturate it as thor- business, and they continue to culti-- a specific for that dreaded diseaseto -
straw and leaves? oughly as a threshing machine, all for vate this idea, and so neverattempt: to which imported cattle are subjectin
H. G. COLEMAN. the reward of a dozen grains of corn. do it. the South and West (the disease is
Gordonton,N. C. Either of the above methods of Now, if such people would only for not known among natives), acclimationor
[REPLY BY HENRY j. FENTON]. composting, if thoroughly pursued, one moment stop and think (this splenic fever. I bought from.
You had better not use any chemi-- will supply you with hundreds of "stopping to think" once in a whileis Fairview Jersey Stock Farm, Tennessee -
cals at all in the cultivation of tobacco.If wagonloads of good manure. an excellent practice, and should last November, a Jersey heifer,
you had an exact chemical analysts HENRY J. FENTON, come into more general use), I am sure Tennessee Beauty, and yearling bull,
of your soil lying before you you Tobacco Agt. F. C. & P. R. R. Co. they would look at the matter very the Club's Grover. Tennessee
might be able to determine what Quincy. differently.No Beauty dropped a fine bull calfon
chemicals, if any, you would need to poultry raiser would be willingto March 20, 1892, and was
apply in order to raise a good crop of Seed Potatoes as Grown in the admit to himself, that the people gen making one and one-half pounds of
tobacco. But tobacco is one of the South. erally that are in the same business are butter per day at two years and two
most sensitive plants that grows out of We take potatoes of the early crop brighter and smarter than he. Mr. month old \\hen she took the fever,
the ground, and it is easier than you and spread them in the shade of some Smith would be very much offendedif June 2. She lingered six days and
imagine for you to injure the style and outdoor screen until they are well you told him that his neighbor was died. I held a postmortem, from
quality of the leaf by applying some greened by the light. They are then more active, brighter and more up which I discovered the trouble. Her
chemical which the soil does not re bedded in a single layer, as sweet potatoes with the times than he. Yet Mr. manifolds were clogged or packed with
quire. If a cow is fed on improperfeed are bedded, but without manureor I Smith's neighbor thought he could almost dry food, through which nothing -
it will show in the taste of her hotbed, and covered with about two I caponize, bought some instruments, had passed since she took the
milk; her system takes that means of inches of sandy soil. Here they remain went at it and from the very start was fever. A few days after her death
throwing it off. In the same way, if until August. Any time from successful, and is now getting over a the bull also took it, notwithstandinghe
improper plant foods are supplied to August i to August 20 will do well in dollar apiece more for every cockerelhe was kept in a different lot over one
the soil, nature seeks to eliminate it this latitude for planting the crop. raises, than his neighbor, who lacks hundred yards away from the cow. I
through the medium of the tobacco We then use for planting only those confidence in himself and is afraid to gave him the following: Four ounces
plant, and you are likely to ruin the tubers that have started to sprout, and undertake the job. spirits nitre; one pound Crab Orchard
flavor and burning quality of your always plant them whole. Many fail To all the "Mr. Smiths" I would salts and one pint linseed gruel in
ures in getting a stand are due to cut- say, "brace up," keep up with the one-half gallon of water. Dose, a
leaf.You had better confine yourself to ting the potatoes at this season. times, have a little more self-reliance. teacupful every two hours for twenty.I .
what I will term natural manures, suchas The important points to observe are: Get some tools and caponize your I four hours. At the end of that time
compost, stable manure, cottonseed (i) Bed the seed in the soil until planting young cockerels and not let that neigh his bowels did not act freely enough,
meal (composted), etc., because in all time. ((2)) Plant the second weekin bor of yours get ahead of you in so so I drenched him with one gallon
these the chemical elements exist in August, and use only potatoes that simple an affair. You will have a lot lager beer, which acted very freely.I .
small quantities, and they are judiciously are sprouted. ((3)) Plant in a deep of late-hatched cockerels in the fall kept up the beer, one gallon at a
blended, making an all-round furrow but cover very shallow, and that do not weigh over two pounds, time, three times a day for two days,
manure which you can apply to your pack the soil to the seed. ((4)) Nevercut and hardly worth dressing. Caponizethese then for the next two days one gallonper
tobacco without risk of injuring its the potatoes for the late crop, fellows, carry them through the day-two doses a day, one-half
whether they are large or small. ((5)) time at the end of which
delicate qualities. winter on chop feed and a little corn, gallon at a --
Now, as to rotting and compostingleaves Gradually fill in the soil to the plantsas and the following winter you will: have time he had entirely recovered.
straw, etc. A good way is to they grow, and cultivate the crop capons weighing from ten to fourteen This prescription has cured four
throw them in large quantities into the perfectly flat.-American Gardening pounds, which will bring you a lot of others for my neighborsleaving out the
stalls of your horses, mules and cows. for August.In money. They will pay you better beer, but they did not recover so soonas
The animals will haw them over, break the latitude of Florida, especially than any hen you have got. If you did the bull where the beer was
and grind them up, at the same time South Florida, potatoes may be do not adopt the practice of caponizing used. When the second stomach is
mingling them with the droppingsbothsolid planted from September to 10 with and get in the way of following it, affected the lower bowels will act very
and liquid, thereby saving the reasonable assurance. of success.-ED. what are you going to do later on freely, but if the third stomach or
latter, which are extremely valuable .r when the practice becomes general ? pouch is affected the bowels will soon
really more valuable than the solids- Ants Against Weevils.An No one will want your tough cockerelsto become constipated. In each case
and which most farmers allow to be old Florida farmer says that he eat when they can buy a plump, the same remedy will cure nine out of
wasted, thereby losing the best half of gathers his corn between the first and I tender and rich-meated capon. ten, and I think I can safely say
their manure resources.A the; middle of September, for the longerit You may say, "that day is very far ninety-nine out of one hundred.
quantity of straw or leaves rotted stays in the field the more the birds off. Not so far as you think. My opinion is that those cattle
down without any addition is of ex- peck and riddle the ears. He pulls Within the past few years the prac- should be kept the first summer in a
tremely small value; it will waste awayto the ears down and lets them lie on the tice of caponizing has received more very cool, shaded pasture, and.not
a little heap of fluffy matter which ground two or three weeks, as thereis attention than ever before in the Uni- fed very much till they have passedone
amounts practically to nothing. It is not rain enough at that season of ted States, and there are at least ten year in their new climate, after
the hurt the The where which all danger is over.-Cor.:
as an absorbent of liquid animal ma- year to grain. ants poultrymen caponizing to-day
nure that all such vegetable matter has will destroy every weevil and every there was one four years ago. Breeder's Gazette.



Statement of ar in these advanced ready to kill
Editor.P. of it is of A Business-Like years
STEPHEN POWERS, from taxation, but none a
Act of Folly. the goose that lays the golden egg.
O. Address Lawtey
private character unless belonging to GEORGE FROST.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

The transportation charge on fruit by a widow. < Reading "Rural's" communicationin oston.Iass.. *..

steamer from Cape Town to Londonin Beneficent Activity of the State your journal of the i4th, in whichhe The Value of Whole Seed as Com-

refrigerating chambers is 5 and Board of Health. criticises the "rate builder," leadsme pared with Dark Cotton-

10 per cent. ($27.50)) per ton of 40 Many good citizens of Florida, ardent to give my experience in freight Seed Meal.Editor .
and Fruit-Grower:
friends of the commonwealth, are tariffs which shows the impolitic and Farmer
cubic feet; without refrigeration, 503. The following letter addressed to a
The distance of that class of people who think that unbusiness like action of the same
and 10 per cent. ($13.75)) at least in deal- well known citizen of Chipley, Florida,
miles. yellow fever ought to be mentioned as general freight agents,
is almost 6,000
exactly be of interest to
ing with the business of their depart will probably manyof
Twenty boxes of oranges would makea seldom as possible, and then only en "that
ments. "Rural" truly says any your readers ::
ton by measurement. This would famille. We have a State organizationthat merchant who would not sell 100 balesof A. G. Chandler, Esq.:

make the charge per box 683,1 cents is keeping up a silent, swift, relentless hay at a less price than he would" DEAR SIR-Replying to the ques-

for a carriage of 6,000 miles, while the espionage along the southern sell one should not be patronized. tion ask as to manurial value of
The railroad that would not you
Florida growers pay 40 cents a box for coast. What are they looking for? tons of freight at a less dark cottonseed meal at $1.00 per
one-sixth that Are they beating and down in that carry 100 compared with whole
a carriage of less than up price than they would carry a singleton hundred, as
. distance. bad air for a ghost? are not conducting their business short staple cotton seed at thirtysevenand

1 S4 If all the people stood solidly to- upon good business principles. My a half cents per hundred pounds,

Tae crops of Brevard county for gether in support of this State Board, experience is as follows: Last fall,after permit me to say : The question is
and difficult to
1891, according to the assessor, and its usefulness and perhaps its considering the matter carefully, I somewhat complex Nevertheless I
The decided I would buy 100 tons of soft answer positively. ,
bearing or-
brought $574,578. very existence were not menaced by phosphate and apply it to my orange think I can give you some facts which
ange trees produced about 1.60 boxes then indeed all assist in forming a conclusion,
future Legislatures, I had, from the first "find"of may you
apiece, worth about$2.95, or say$175an good citizens might well pay their groves.phosphate, taken a lively interestin especially as you say that the questionis

acre. Other crops yielded as follows taxes and say nothing. But it is very its development, and felt sure it of great practical importance to the
much for the State and I hoped farmers in your portion of the State.
: Irish potatoes, $117 an acre; meant ,
few men who have seen, eye to eye, much for the and vegetable First let us look at the matter from
also orange
sweet potatoes, $xoo; sugarcane, $172; the abominable enemy that daily I read everything that the: standpoint of the chemist, omit-

cabbage, $115; tomatoes, $177; beans, threatens our shores; who have seen came my way that was written rela- ting for the moment all questions of

$240; bees, $5.45 per hive. The en their homes laid desolate and their tive to its use in a raw state, and whileI freight, expense of hauling, composting -

tire orange crop was worth $293,330; business ruined; who realize the loath- had doubts as to its immediate effect applying, etc., and supposing
The still I felt sure it was that: in each case there is no waste of
the $144,865. ,
pineapple crops
crop upon
someness, the vulgarity, the vileness fertilizer value.
insteadof fertilizer or
worth its cost, and decided,
latter is rapidly gaining, on the former. of this pest of degraded races. It is buying thirty tons of ground bone, Now, one hundred pounds of short

the part of barbarians and half-civil which would be what would be required staple; cotton seed, fairly dry and free

A 'very considerable improvementis ized peoples to smother, to stifle, to to give my trees the necessary from lint, costing thirty-seven and a

possible and has already been lie, to perish by inches in a dumb and phosphoric acid, I would buy 100 tons half cents, contains on an average
of the I made three pounds of ammonia, worth (at
achieved in the quality mango, of fine ground raw phosphate.
learn from samples forwardedto rotting ignorance.State satisfactory terms with the mill for the he; valuation I have this year adoptedfor
as we Health Officer Porter says and requested them to ammonia in ,vegetable substances)

us by Mr. C. Irving Page, of Au- that: in reference to the presence of phosphate make as good, terms as possible with exactly; thirty six cents. There is also

burndale. The name of the varietywas this pest, he has learned that he cannotrelieve the: railroad for the freight to my sta- I I about one pound of phosphoric acid

not given; it is a medium size, the word of any captain or tion. Imagine my surprise when the worth six cents and one and a quarter

prettily marked with red, and, though first carload arrived to find the freight pounds of potash worth seven cents;
jailor not of the Anglo Saxon race, otal forty-nine cents. The manurial
for the fifteen tons-the same
still somewhat marred by the turpen- was $45
md, unhappily, not all of these. Its charged for one ton. The value therefore exceeds the cost by
tine flavor (noticeable at the first taste, a disease of the liar races of man- phosphate was well sacked and was eleven: and a half cents. Or one ton

but hardly perceptible after a little tind. Let Americans tell the truth loaded by the seller, and at my end I osts: $7.50, and its manurial value is

while),of a quality superior to any that about it not with effusion took: it directly from the car, so the 59.80 ; gain $2.30.
we have before sampled. We wantto unnecessary road did not handle it at all. With the Dark cottonseed meal, costing $i
; ; but, above all, let them stand letter the hundred, contains on an averagen
like the it is a fruit of a bill of lading came a per
mango; shoulder; to shoulder in beating its road would not make any lower price each. hundred pounds. six and a half
richness and after the
generous ; hideous front off our shores. for 100 tons than they would for one pounds ot ammonia, worth seventy-

Florida horticulturists shall have developed Along the'southern shores of Florida single ton; and their excuse was, the eight cents; two and a quarter poundsof
the turpentine flavor out of several freight agents had put their phosphoric acid, worth thirteen anda
I earliest the wide-
at ,
it-which they will certainly be ableto heads together and said raw phosphatewas half cents, and one and one-quarter
awake mariner will see a half dozenor fertilizer and must be charged pounds of potash, worth seven cents;
do in time-we see no reason whyit a dozen Cuban smugglers, under fertilizer rates. total, ninety-eight and a half cents. In

should not become one of the noblest the guise of fishing smacks, sneaking Now, as I understand it, if I had other words, the manurial value is less

fruits of that fruitful section. where bought 100 tons of raw phosphate as than the cost value by one and a half
mosquito cove
out some
away it was mined I could have contractedto cents, or a ton, costing $20, has a ma-
Orange Groves Not Exempt.A they have been pursuing their nefarious have it transported for a trifle over nurial value of $19.70, and there is a

subscriber writes us under the traffic over night. These are th? one-third what was charged me. In seeming loss of thirty cents. So that if

impression that the former law mak- carriers of yellow fever; it is in their grinding nothing had been added or nothing else were to be taken into the

for I scuppers, in their bunks; they fetch it taken from it; it was simply raw phos-I account save the manurial value actu
ing certain rebates or exemptions fertilizers
existing in these two ,
still.I I tually
slums of Havana.No phate
nurseries of citrus trees is still in force. from the unspeakable have put a good deal of money it might be said that the man who

The Revised Statutes of 1892 omit Anglo-Saxon can think, without into Florida, and have been the means buys whole cotton seed makes $2.30on

this altogether. The Statute of 1891is hot indignation, of one of these filthy of others doing the same. I have each ton of whole cotton seed used.

brief and plain on this subject. wretches throwing a clean, honest asked no favors and had none grantedme This, however, is very far from telling -

very State Quarantine Inspector overboardinto ; and I am pleased to say have had the whole story. Dark cottonseed
The words of it are as follows: "That but little fault to find with Florida meal is in a condition for immediate
wish the
all property, real and personal, in this the sea. One railroads, and have always felt like application as a fertilizer. Whole colon .
Missoe had a Gatling gun run out over seed is not. The latter contains a
State, not hereby expressly exempt helping them all I could. But the
therefrom, shall be subject to taxationin her stern, that she might disinfect some experience above related is so unbusi- considerable proportion of oil, which

law. Real of these alligator holes and Greaser nesslike and so suicidal that I did has no manurial value, and is probably
the manner provided by
kick but all to no The road rather detrimental than otherwise.
inlets with good cannon powder purpose.
for the of taxation
property purpose smoke. If the Florida Health Officers that bled me got from me as their part Then, too, the whole cotton' seed
shall be construed to include land 80 whileif must either be composted or allowedto
cannot burn sulphur on the inside of of the freight charges some i ,
and all buildings, fixtures and otherimprovements these smuggling fever breeders, let I had ordered the usual thirty tons partially rot to destroy the vitalityof
would have received in the seed and fit it for plant food.
classes of bone
thereon. Seven. them burn a little on the outside of they
of property are expressly exempted- them if necessary. freight$29.70. Verily there are people Both these operations, as ordinarily



conducted wasteful be, could not have been thoroughly: Jersey expecting on the spot not less Grapes, North Carolina, Delaware, per
are exceedingly
acquainted with Covent Garden, and, awe than twelve cents per pound, I would 4 Ib. basket, .40 to .50c; North Carolina
in that most valuable element, ammo- receive by far the largest proportion mention that I can buy potatoes at the Niagara, per 4 lb. basket, .40 to.50;North

nia.The of produce that comes into this market, time of writing at.t3 10s. per ton in Jer- Carolina Ives, per 8 Ib. basket, .15 to.30;

question thus assumes some- I think that some remarks of mine maybe North Carolina Ives, per 4 lb. basket, .10

thing of this form : If a farmer can of service to parties who might other- sey.Peas can be had here at any time after: to .20; South Carolina Delaware, per lb..
wise be misled by the conversation re Christmas; the supplies are drawn first .5 to .14; South Carolina Niagara, per lb.,
buy cotton seed delivered at $7.50 per ported. It is true that Florida oranges from Algiers, thence across to Marseille! .5 to 14: South Carolina Moore's Early
ton and he has all the facilities for being to England. They and by fast train via Paris to London, per lb., .12 to 15;South Carolina Concord

making a good compost heap, undercover are came last year shipped in large quantities. Wi not more than four days en route. Only per lb., .10 to .15. Potatoes, Long Is-

with the proper proportions of received the bulk of those that came, and a limited quantity are wanted in Januaryand land, per bbl., 1.37 to 1.62; Eastern Shore,
but in receive Rose, prime, bbl.. 1.00 to 1.25; East-
realized sometimes as high as 17s. February, April we per
bone meal and sulphate they
superphosphate or box.* The that we sold for; them in hundreds of tons from all partsof era Shore, Chile red, per bbl., 1.00 to
of potash (if he is cultivating have per expressed company themselves as so far sat- France. In May our English crop 1.12. Sweet Potatoes, North Carolina,

tobacco or fruit) or kainit, if he is isfied that they expect to send more heavily commences, sometimes early in June, red, per bbl., 2.00 to 2.75; North Carolina -
growing cotton, not omitting a liberal this and peas to-day are being sold here at yellow, per bbl., 3.00 to 4.50; Southern -
of to ammonia As regards year. cherries coming to London about 6 per ton. Vegetables, if theyare white yams, per bbl., 2.00 to 2.50.
supply save
gypsum ; Island and New
wanted in March, can drawn from Cabbage, Long Jersey
from California the thing is entirely out
and he is also possessed of the requisite of the we have been receiving the West of England and from Naples, fiat Dutch,.ner 100, 2.50 to 3.50; Long Island -
knowledge, skill and experience cherries here since; April. The first cher- and the district around Paris: Paris alone and New Jersey, AVakefield, per

in the management of such a compost ries come from Spain(May 2d); they follow supplying fresh vegetables for most of 100, 1.00 to 2.50. Tomatoes, New Jer-
the capitals of Europe. sey, Grant, per crate, .40 to .60; Acme
heap it be a wise investment for afterwards from the South of France
I further with this article and crate, .75 to 1.00; Delaware and Ma-
and Rhine Later they come go
him to buy and use the whole seed. Germany ( )
and expose more inaccuracies, but no doubt ryland, per bushel carrier, .40 to .60.
from the North of France Belgium
He mUst remember, however, that Holland at the present time we have space is not at my disposal. I say that Squash, white, per bbl., .75 to 1.00; Long
there is only a margin of $2.60 to plentiful; supplies from all parts of England pears from California would sell well Island, crook-neck, per bbl., .75 to 1.00.

Cover all this labor, skill and risk of selling at 3s. per half-seive of 24! here; that apples from Oregon some sea- Cucumbers, New Jersey, per box, .40 to
This sons to come here, but very few other .60; New Jersey, per bbl., 1.00 to 1.50.
about l d. pound. pay
loss. It is more than doubtful save pounds, or % per
New bbl. 2.50 to
the and Eggplant Jersey, per ,
will continue for another three weeks,so fresh fruits could stand journey, ,
in exceptional cases, whether the in- leave it to readers to conclude could only pay to come here in excep- 3.00; New Jersey, per box, .75 to 1.25.
vestment will pay. I judge, there- whether we cherries your from California can tionally short seasons. Celery, Michigan: per dozen roots, .15 to

fore, that the ordinary farmer will ever take on this market. .25.: Cauliflower, choice, per bbl., 4.50
find more profit in purchasing the Pears from California will work here. to
We worked through December ]3VIarZ{ets.JACKSONVILLE .
cottonseed meal, all ready for use, large quantities THE FLORIDA ORANGE.I .
than in attempting to prepare whole January and February last sea- .... notice in your last issue the report of
and it be if there is big
son, may crop
cotton seed for a fertilizer with all its in California this season, that, owing to FLA., August 17. the Florida orange crop. Growers gener-

attendant labor and probabilities of the short supplies in France and almost FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. ally report one-third short of last year's.No .
matter whether the is short or
serious loss in manurial value.It nothing in England, we might work the [Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] not, Pete thinks that the crop next campaignwill

occurs to me that as this questionis California pears earlier in the season. These are average quotations. Extra choice be better than the last, owing to
The only thing against them is that the lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
an eminently practical one some in- French know how to pack themso lots sell lower. the increased popularity of the fruit and

telligent farmer can do a good thingfor people Lemons,Fla.... ...................... 2.00 to 3.00 the very short apple crop.ClevelandOhio
much better-no two pears in a pack- Messina............ ......... 6.00 ( )Letter in Fruit Trade Journal.
himself and his neighbors by care- age touch each other; they are packedin Limes, 100........... ................. 40 to .50
layers with paper dividing each layer, Pineapples, crate.... ................. 3.00 to 3.50
fully conducting an experiment some- distance Bananas, bunch... ........ ........... 1.50 to 1.73 THE LECONTE PEAR.
thing like the following: If he is growing so that they may travel a long Potatoes, barrel ...... ............ 2.50II
and are as perfect when they arrive in new sweet, bushel..... ..... .75 to 1.00 The LeConte pear came here in rather
tobacco, for example, let him set this market as when they come off the Zabbage ... .. ........- .. .......... .09 liberal quantity during the past few
........................ .
aside two acres of ground as nearly trees. "We hope to Onions, crate. i.oo to 1.25 weeks from the South, largely from Ala-
see an improvementin
Turnips,barrel........................ 2.00
uniform in character as possible. Le'thim the packing of California pears. Beets, ................ ....... 2.50 bama. It has not held its own in popular
fertilize with GRAPES-I do not think they can send i Carrots, .................. ...... 2.50 favor this season. It has lacked color,
one acre dark cotton- them here. We start from Parsnips, .......... .............. 2.50 also keeping qualities, and buyers havein
seed meal and such other fertilizing new grapes Radishes, dozen....................... .40
the Cape early in February, followed by Cucumbers........ .................... many cases regretted their invest-
materials as his land may require, and the new grapes from Belgium. The Celery.... ............ ............... .50 to .60 ments in it. The very hot weather gen-
the other with cotton seed of the are packed in boxes of 24 Egg Plants,each... ..... ............ .05 to .06 erally prevailing had something to do
acre Cape
grapes Jeans, crate.......... ................. 1.50 usual
same cost, which has been carefully pounds, packed in corkdust. The Bel- Tomatoes......... ..................... 1.50 with its failure to stand up in the
gian grapes are packed in small boxes of caches,bushel .. ........ ..... ..... 2.00 way. The Bartlett still easily holds the
composted with identically the same one pound or two pounds. These are Pears,barrel........................... 2.2510 2.50 Jeal as the favorite variety with dealers.
fertilizing materials as were used with Squashes slow sale bbl ............100 to 1.50 boxes unloaded the
followed by the new grapes from Jersey Watermelons..._...... ... ......_... .08 to .10 Some 2,000 were on
the meal. Let him keep an accurate and England, and we are at the present Mangoes, TOO.......... ...... ........... 1.00101.50 streets during the past week.-St. Louis
account of the expenses in both cases, time receiving many thousands of Grapes black, xo-lb. basket.......... .50 to.75 Post Dispatch.

and also of the and net returns, baskets of grapes daily from all parts of POULTRY AND EGGS. LADIES SS 4

crop the country. Good black Hambro'grapesare Hens..... .. ..........................$ .30 to .35 Needing a tonic or children who want building -
and give the results to the public. It being sold here to-day at 9d. per Roosters..... .......................... .25 to .30 up should take
is only in this that practical I Broilers.......................... ..... .zo to .25 BROWN'S IRON HITTERS.
way questions pound, only two days gathered; so leave I Turkeys...................... ........ 1.00101.25 It is pleasant; cures !Malaria Indigestion.
of this kind can be really settled.It your readers to judge what chance your Ducks..................... ........... 20 to .35 Biliousness, Liver Complaints and Neuralgia.
California grapes-six days to New York, Geese.................................. .10 to .15 ...
found the --
of be that -*
may, course, from New York here- Eggs............... ............ ...... .18 -
and eight days
will the better fertilizer. wberries-Good Keepers.The .
compost prove :
would have. We shall shortly be receiving -
The State chemist will gladly render Spanish grapes; in fact, I have just NEW YORK, Aug. 13. Arkansas Experiment Station

any assistance in his power in solvingthe received a cable offer of some thousandsof Lemons are meeting active sales, with tested the keeping qualities of a number -

chemical side of the question.But barrels which can be done at 2d. per the market very firm. Fancy Sicily I of the most popular strawberries.

the problem involves a good deal pound> here, and even at this price I hesitate range from $7.50 to 8, with others slightly I They were placed in a room with a
to accept. lower while Maiori reach$8.75 to 10.25

besides has been shown from 60 80
chemistry, as temperature varying to ,
then of also
reporter goes on to speak per box in some instances. Oranges
above, and no laboratory work can the pears; that none are comparable to show a high range of value, with sales the packages being covered, making a

take "the place of intelligent pains- the "Duchesse" and "Bartlett" of Cali- small. Sorrento bring $5.25 to 6.25: and small ventilation. Any variety wouldof

taking observation and experiment on fornia. He could not have much real Rodi 7.50 to 10 per box. A few Jamaicas course keep twenty-four hours.
acquaintance of our pear trade when he repacked, bring $8 to 8.25 per barrel.
the of the farmers themselves. The longest keepers remained good
part speaks of the "Duchesse"' as one of our There is a firm market for bananas, the
NORMAN ROBINSON, best. We start with the "Jargonelle;" range of prices being $1.25 to 1.75 for and salable four or five days, and

State Chemist. afterwards "Williams' Bon Chretien," firsts, and 75c. to 1.12$ for seconds. A among these were Wilson, Hoffmanand

then "Bonne Louise," "Doyenne du Cor- few pines still in market bring $5 to 11.25 Crawford. About one-half of the

BROWN'S IRON BITTERS nice," "Josephine de Malines," for choice per 100 for Havana, and $3.50 to 10 for varieties remained good for three days,
pears, followed by plenty of other sorts Florida per case. Cocoanuts are slow
Cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion&Debility.- "Hazels." "Buerre Rose," "CalebasseRose sale at $25: to 30 per 1,000. Limes meet among which were Crescent, Warfield,
," "Capiaumont," and the "Du- with fair sale at fc>9 per barrel. Peaches Vlichel's Early, Haverland and Bu-

chesse," which we consider to be only a met with good sales the past few days, bach. Among the shortest keeperswere

S .-4 second-class pear. It being a late pear, PeninsU,a;tock ranging from$1.25 to 1.75 Kentucky, Parker Earle, Windsor .
California Fruits it comes in after all the early ones are per basket, and Mountain\ $1.75 to 2.50.
Florida and Chief Capt. Jack King
off the market. Your Bartlett pears will In pears a good trade is shown, LeConte ,
Abroad.A not work here at six cents or eight cents, bringing $2.25 to 4.50 per barrel,and 50c. Charles Downing and Crystal City.

London correspondent of the Fruit or ten cents, as talked about, against to $1.50 per crate; other stock bring Airtight packages molded in a short

Trade Journal says: In your issue of Mar those pears I have above enumerated.But about the same, except Barletts, which time. They soon perished when fully
28th there is a long article headed "Cali- when your commission merchant range as high as $5 per barrel. Grapes exposed. Ordinary shipping crates
fornia Fruits Abroad," wherein the reporter talks about sending vegetables to England are In good'supply, with most stock poor. about for
the small amount
is interviewing a large commission he gets out of his depth. For instance Southern 8-pound baskets range from were; right

merchant about the prospect of sending the first potatoes of the year 25 to 75c., and 8 to 15c. per pound. Watermelons of required ventilation.
fresh fruit from California to England.The do not come from Jersey and Scilly. show weakness at $16 to 20 per -. -
said large commission merchant Ve receive potatoes from Malta, Canary 100 for large, and $6 to 15 for small to Hereford's Acid Phosphate

speaks as if he knew Covent Garden I Islands, Cape Colony, Egypt, Africa; medium size. Muskmelons bring $1.50 to Make Delicious Lemonade.
Market, and understood the fruit trade I later on from France, and afterwards 2 per barrel. Peanuts are slow at 4 to
there in all its branches. But from the I from Jersey, the Scilly Isles, and West 4c. for fancy hand-picked, and 2 g to I I sold A teaspoonful water,and sweetened added to a to glass the taite of hot,will or

conversation the gentleman, whoever he of England; and when he talks about 3M c. for farmers per pound. be found refreshing and invigorating



.'.! .. .


Our ,'. self behind the dear ones at home. I ask ing, the vicinity of Homeland seemsto Everything now points to a strong;
young \ thee to lead me for Christ's sake." take the lead, and we are informed healthy business in this line duringthe
..... And then, his mind made up, Robert
that the farmers within one and a half coming fall and winter.

How They Didn't Sell Billy. slept Early until in dawn.the morning he was standingat miles of that place will gather 2,500 For the two weeks ending August

It was an established fact that the Carroll's door. Of the servant bushels this season.-Bartow Courier.
Judge 6, 1892, 6,050 tons were shipped from
Woodwards had more brains than money. who opened it he inquired: "Am I too
The Florida Box and Basket Com- Punta Gorda; 6,941 tons from Fer-
At the time that Robert, the eldest child, early to see the judge?" :
commenced their mills nandina and from .
"I think not ; the judge is an early I pany running 3,858 Tampa.A
was ready to enter college money was November 6 and began to turn
riser. 1891, took
big trade place here
exceedingly scarce. Economy had been Robert stood in the orange
And presently pres- out boxes or carriers and baskets Feb--
when Stivender A. L.
last week A.
the rule for many years in the household ence of the eccentric and wealthy old Since that have ,
ruary i, 1892. they
bachelor Carroll. He told him Miller, P. A. Lee and Obed Fussell
so it could not be practiced now as an Judge in their
the story. 300,000, employing two sold their crops to D. F. Brown for '
exception. At last, however, it was resolved -
mills in the of the
"Then I see you don't want me to buy 120'men height F. Delsignore & Co., commission
to eke out the slender sum set Billy said the judge. season. They have not only checkedthe merchants Cincinnati O. The price

apart for Robert's education by selling "That is my errand sir, if you please" shipment of crates and baskets in- ,

Billy, the horse that had done the family "It is all right, my boy, all right, and to Florida from Virginia and Tennessee paid, we understand, is $1.00 per box
is estimated that
God bless on the trees, and it
excellent service for many years and was "I feel that to sir but have turned the current the all told
II saying you, the groves will "pan out" 6,000
loved almost as if he were a human
said Robert other having filled orders from
smiling. way,
boxes, part of which fruit is to remainon
friend. Robert was absent when the "
"Then we'll say it to each other, and Georgia.-Leesburg Commercial.Col. .
question of ways and means was decided Judge Carroll's voice trembled, and his the trees until the first of March.

upon. Like many other bright young eyes grew misty. J. C. Hawkins informs us that This is the first sale of oranges that we

boys, he was very desirous of obtaininga And that is the way Billy was not the Indians are slaughtering the deer : have heard of for the coming crop in
good education. But he doubted the hundred. He has forbid them
by this locality'-Leesburg Commercial.A .
whether he to enter sold.But
was ever college.
there is That
a sequel. very night his and
killing near place they
Circumstances seemed to be against the any of the Marion Free
Judge Carroll sent for aftera correspondent
have thus far obeyed him. Six or
of such
indulgence. a thought. long and earnest talk together, Robertwas Press gives a glowing account of Fruit-
Consequently great was the joy when seven Indians have killed fully 500 of
induced to accept a loan. So, after
he was told that the way to college was all, Robert's was opened. these beautiful creatures in less than land Park and the groves and orchardsof
open, that Billy was to be sold, and the This occurred way four Major O. P. Rooks. The Majornow
nearly years ago, three weeks' time. All they take is
phaeton, too. He threw up his cap witha and Robert is now nearly at the end of cultivates oranges and lemons
the hides the for the
leaving carcasses
jubilant shout. He kissed his father
his Meanwhile his mother of the seedless
college course. almost exclusively va-
and mother in gratitude, and then hur- buzzards. As long as the greedy
and the have
girls enjoyed many a fruit
and he has about
ried off to watch for several hours by the drive behind old Billy. Mrs. Woodward'sface white man buys the pelts, just so long rieties, every

bedside of a very sick comrade. It was is not pale, but looks younger thanit will the "noble red" keep up this un and flower that grows in tropical or
nearly midnight when he returned home did four which be sub-tropical regions. Fruitland Park
years:) ago, can accounted merciful and senseless slaughter.Ft. .-
and let himself in softly by his night for partly because of her delightin now embraces about three square
Myers Press.Prominent .
key.He her son's brilliant prospects.And miles; and within this limit are twentytwo -
left his boots down stairs and went
in conclusion I must tell
now, the farmersof
quietly to bed, so as not to disturb any something that none of the Wood among thrifty deep clear water lakes; each one
one. He undressed in the dark, for he you wards know, not even Robert. Columbia county is Mr. Geo. C. with clear white sandy bottom and
feared to awaken his sisters if he should Mattox, of the Mt. Tabor neighbor- the
Judge Carroll is an old man, and he beach, giving water a most wonderful
strike a light-it being the custom of the has made his will. :Much: of his money hood, about ten miles south of Lake transparent crystal-like effect,

family to leave their doors open into the is to go to charitable institutions, but the City. He has a crop this season of and mirroring in their placid clearnessthe
hall. He had four sisters-Frances
large ,
of five thousand dollars is to to
sum go one hundred acres in corn, ten acres in its splendor and the
Florence, Margaret and Sarah. Their Robert Woodward, .the boy who was sky azure ,
room was next to his. As he knelt by not willing to raise himself by walkingover in peanuts, two in cane and potatoes, clouds floating in snowy billows are

his bedside the sound of low sobs reachedhis his mothers and sisters' hearts." six fine cigar-leaf tobacco. The cost reflected in the mirror surface of
ears. Then he heard his sister Frances, of has been small
very the water like so many sail boats.
the oldest of the four
say presently,
only a few dollars having been ex- Around these lakes are boulevards
"What is the matter, Margaret? I don'tbelieve t&te1es.
you have slept at all. Are you ] pended for extra help. To judge by skirting the contour of the beach, affording

sick?" his past sales of tobacco, this six acres facilities for a delightful driveor

Margaret was the youngest, a sweet, The Indian River Advocate records will net him a thousand dollars, if not promenade, as the beach is perfectly -
loving child, Robert's pet. She answered, transfers of real in more.-Lake City Tobacco Plant.
estate Attractive
brokenly: "Oh, I don't know what's the sixty-one firm and dry. buildings,

matter. I guess I am sick, for I haven't Brevard county in July.A Phosphate items from the Bartow almost hidden amid the profusion of

shut my eyes." letter from one of the spongers Courier : trees, vines and flowers, show a strik-
"I can't sleep either," said Sarah, from At Inverness look in their conception
the bed. says that they are making the largest things bright ing originality ,

"Nor opposite I,"from Florence,her bedfellow."I catch of sponge that has been made for the phosphate producers. An none possessing any characteristic features

wonder what's the matter with us all. for some time. They have already advance of $1.50 per ton is sus- of the others, only the vine

Have you been asleep, Frances?" between 12,000 to 15,000 bunches of ,. tained on Florida high grade phos-- wreathed porch invariably surrounds

"No," and the eldest sister's voice was sponge.-Daily Equator-Democrat. phate rock. It is becoming evident every home. I see the Lantana grow-

full of tears. "Girls, I say, we might as that the available phosphate of ing and blooming beautifully, a vine
in 75 percent
well talk of what's on our mind-it's Pineapple slips are now coming
Billy," she sobbed. in abundance. On August 7th, 100-, for 1893 will not be equal to the twenty-five feet high and covering the

"Yes, it's Billy," and Margaret's sobs 000 altogether reached Lake Worth, actual consumptive demand.CoveBend entire side of one house. In my own

united with her sister's. most of which came from BiscayneBay Land and Phosphate Co. yard I found the fragrant rose geran-
"But, and Frances choked down her but about from There has been more inquiry for ium with limbs five feet long, growing
will be 34,000 came
sobs, "we not selfish. We love I
dear Billy, but we love Robert better. Eden. These are mostly of the com- phosphate property during the last in the open soil of the yard, seemingly

Think what a darling brother he is! And mon varieties. few weeks than for months before. with no care taken of it whatever.

good and kind to too.
so everybody,
Mr. W. Williams of Alva raisedon
Most boys would rather go to bed and J. ,

rest after working hard all day, but our one-fourth acre of pine land sev- Accr.trpm'ing i j., a portrait of the late Prof. Ed

Robert is sitting up with poor Fred Crow- enty bushels of large, white, fine wart\ E. Phelps, M. D., LL. D. of Dartmouth
ell." onions. That is at the rate of 280
/ He who
Cocge. a strongable
was man, stood
"But, Frances, wailed Margaret,
bushels to the and at
acre thirtyfivecents
"how can we live without Billy? We Hghinthe literary and scientific worlds. It is not

can never have rides any more. And per peck, or $1.40 per bushel, generally known, but it isnevertheless,the truth

what will poor mamma do?,' would command the neat sum of $392an that: Prof. Phelps was the discoverer of what is

"Poor mamma !S" sobbed Florence. acre.-Manatee Advocate.A known to the Medical profession and Chemists

"How white her face was when papa good many people do not realize universally as Paine's: Celery Compound, unquestionably
told her Judge Carroll was going to take
the extent of bee culture this one of the most valuable discoveries
Billy, and her eyes were full of tears-I ; along
saw them." 'portion of the East Coast. Mr. O. O. of this century. This remarkable compound i is

Robert arose from his knees and closed : Poppleton, of Hawk's Park, informsus not a nervine, an essence,a sarsaparilla, or any

his door BO softly that no one could heara that within a radius of two miles of devised article, but a discovery, and it marks a
sound. Then he went back to his distinct
step in medical practice and the treat
knees, for of course he had not been able his place there are about 800 colonies ment of the
to pray under such circumstances. He I of bees that have made 120 barrels of nervous complicationsand greatestof
:all modern diseases-Paresis. It has been
had been forced to listen with an aching honey this season.-New Smyrna
heart. Inlet. freely admitted by the best medical talent in the

"Mother's eyes full of tears !" he said \ land,and also by the leading chemists and scien-

to himself, brokenly, "and she is wingpaler In the Kathleen neighborhood as The T DDr c>."o Lie L nc tists, that for nervous troubles, nervous exhaustUatO -

every day. Dear Lord, I thank good oats are produced as can be ion, insomnia, debility, senility, and even the

thee for opening my eyes. I shall never raised anywhere. Mr. G. L. Dudley, dreaded and terrible Paresis, nothing has ever been discovered which reaches the disorderand

go to college by walking over the heartsof residing near Bartow, is making a restores health equal to this discovery of Prof. Phelps.
my mother sisters. I'd rather bea

know-nothing all my days. Lord, I specialty of hay and will have 1,000 DON'T FOOLED t>V ttatm of Dfolfrt tcA/ hart inUationi ttf '.
pray.thee to make me strong to put my .bales to sell this season. In corn grow- Dt ffiuail iHamvndJor FAMILY! AND FAN UT.NotA/flfI... -.


height of the season, from December I from them, they should be steamed for It is one of the commonest sights

Our !\Ulfal Jiome.A 15th to April 15th, the Park of Roses only three or four minutes over a hot along the Amazon to see groups of
sends away an average of five hundred fire, and well shaken during this pro- half clad Indian men and women squat-
Manufactory of Roses. dozen roses a day. cess. They should then be served ina ting around little camp fires roasting

The following translation of an ar- At the last Floral Exposition at NiceI dish without a cover, and very hot. bananas, and having endless mirth try-
had admire the MILLER to pick them out of the hot coals
an opportunity to -JENNESS Magazine. ing
ticle by M. Henry de Vilmorin in
choicest products of Mr. Mari's estab --...* without burning their fingers. We are
La Revue Horticole, ,appeared in a lishment. There were Paul Neyronroses Beaten Biscuit.For all used to fried bananas, but we are

recent number of the Literary Digest: more than twelve centimetresfour Our Rural Home: prone to forget that for this purpose
I have several times had occasionto ( and three-fourths inches) in To one common-sized flour scoop they should not be fully ripe, as that

visit the famous Park of Hoses, at diameter; Marshal Niels so enlargedthat take one handful of salt, not too large, makes them too soft and too sweet.

Nice. The flowers produced thereare a dozen buds half opened weighed one large kitchen spoonful of lard, Above all, a banana roasted or fried

the most beautiful in the world. together more than eight hundred milk or water enough to make a toler- should be served hot, for as soon as it

.. Both banks of the Var are borderedby grammes ((176 pounds avoirdupois), stiff Sift the flour in becomes cold it grows tough and un-
ably dough. put
a line of hills of some height,whichare some La France roses, of a marveloussize palatable.-Grocer and Trade Journal.
prolonged as far as the sea. The and symmetry, and some Paul salt; then lard, thoroughly rubbed in <

hills on the left bank aid in protectingthe Nabonnands, nearly as large as the with your hands; then milk or water, It Depends.The .
whole plain of Nice from the Paul Neyrons, and of a deliciouslyfresh or a little of both; roll up and lay on concentrated stimulus of rich

northwest wind. Toward the southern color. All the roses, without biscuit board and beat (not with a soups, braises and rare beef is neces-

extremity of these hills, on very exception, had a perfection of form "wooden spoon," as I saw in a paper to the brain workers of the cities,
rich, alluvial soil, is the Carras quar- and a brightness of tint which left not long since, or a "hickory club"), sary
ter, in which are the principal market nothing to be desired. It is no secret but with a flat iron, bottom edge, or and in a certain degree to all residentsin
gardens of Nice. In that quarter, that a large proportion of the most the back part of an axe or hatchet. cities, who must necessarily suffer
also, a little higher up on the slope of beautiful roses in the most elegant Beat flat, roll up; then beat again; re more from the waste of nerve and
the hill, is the Josephine Villa, or flower shops in Paris come in a direct' peat the beating and rolling up two or brain force, and who cannot take exercise -
Park of Roses. line (from those cultivated by Mr. three times, or until the dough is light enough to obtain nourishment
should feel like satin from vegetable or cereal food. The
Here roses are cultivated exclusively Mari. and fine. It or i
for sale in winter as cut flowers. The Park of Roses brings to its velvet to the touch. Having only active man can digest a much larger
Out of the twenty-eight or thirty acres proprietor a net annual revenue of flour enough on the board to keep quantity of food than the sedentaryone.

which the property comprises, about 10,000 or 12,000 francs for every two from sticking, roll out about a quarterof The nervous animals, which are
which sub-
ten acres are devoted to the purposeof and one-half acres of land.Gardenand an inch thick, or even less; cut out, ever on the alert, are those
stick with fork and bake in sist on animal food. The heavy, bur
forcing the rose trees, and are cov- Forest. a a quick
.. ...-- minutes is about the den-bearing animals of the world,
ered with numerous small oven. Twenty
very green
Boiling the Potato. in the like the ox and horse, are grain eaters
houses or extensive hotbed frames, time for them to stay oven,
The food which is
one or the other of these being alwaysin There never was an unlucky vege- which should be as hot as for yeast or and vegetarians.
wholesome for the individual must de-
use for furthering the production of table so libelled and aspersed, by those soda biscuit. They will not be goodif
the flowers. The total surface cov- who ought to understand it, as the po- the oven is too slow; but in avoiding pend largely upon his occupation,
the climate he lives in and
ered with glass exceeds 6,000 square tato. When properly cooked it is so Scylla don't run against Charybdisburn upon ,
metres, or an acre and a half. delicious that even the veriest gour- them. A little watchfulness will somewhat upon his personal tempera-
ment. It is as absurd to preach the
Naturally, it is during the months of met will never tire of it. soon teach you to avoid either ex
doctrine of vegetarianism or of animal
active sale, from November to April, Let us watch the ordinary cook as treme. It is the sweetest, most deli-
food to all the world regardless of sur-
that the principal harvest occurs; but she sets about preparing it for the ta- cious bread In the world; good either ,
roundings as it would be to insist
even in the spring and summer the ble. She begins by cutting off the cold or warm. ,
that the tiger should live on hay, or
very beautiful roses grown under peel in thick slices, thus robbing it of AN OLD KENTUCKY HOUSEKEEPER.
the ox on fresh meat.-New York
shelter are in demand by the dealers. its very best part, that which lies close Tribune.
These roses are the only ones, or under the skin. Selecting the pota-' Bananas for the Table. 4

nearly the only ones, which show a toes haphazard from the basket, she There are as many kinds of bananasas Remedy for Sunburn.

purity of perfect tint, exempt on the comes on one or two which are larger there are kinds of applesmediumsized Two pounds of elder flowers, two
outside petals from the discoloration, than the rest. These, in her wisdom, ones, such as we see in the pounds of lard. Set on the fire and
the veining and folds, which are she promptly cuts in two, knowingthat North; big ones a foot long; thick allow to simmer. Then strain, applyat
caused by the bite of cold, too warm the larger ones take longer to ones, almost like small muskmelons; night before going to bed, and as
sunstrokes, or the prolonged actionof boil. A potato cut in two is not only and little ones only three or four inchesin many times during the day as you
humidity. spoiled itself, but it goes far to spoilall length. When you visit a fruit stand think advisable. It is cooling and
During the summer the movable the others that are boiled with it. you are likely to select the biggest and healing and not at all injurious. Nowis

sides of the greenhouses are taken The glutinous substance that escapes handsomest bananas you see, and the time to make this ointment as
away, and there remains only the from it robs its companions in the there is just where you make a mis- the elder flowers are in bloom. You
glass roof which protects the flowers saucepan of all flouriness which the take. The smallest bananas are in can make only half or quarter of the
from the rain storms. mode of cooking may have left possi- nearly all cases the sweetest and juci- quantity given, but as the flowers can
The proprietor and founder of the ble to them. But let us follow the est, the tiny'fig" banana being the best only be obtained once during the

establishment is Mr. Antoine Mari.It operations. Lucky it is if they are set of all. year, it is best to use the above pro-
may be said that the most striking on in cold water, for there are hun- The rind should be thin, and there portions.-V. N.
feature of his mode of cultivation is dreds of so-called cooks who actuallyput should be no ridges or corners to it.

the simplicity of the means employedand them into boiling water. But, The larger the ridges the coarser the
their perfect adaptation to the end even when they are set on in cold, fruit. The plantain, which is the very
to be attained, which is to obtain an the prevalent idea is that, after having coarsest kind of banana, has enormous
abundant and continued productionof boiled and being strained clear of ridges. This species is not fit to eat

flowers without great expense and moisture, they will need to be steamedfor without being cooked, but when boiledor
without exhausting the plants.A a quarter of an hour before serv- baked or fried is delicious. Any

rose bush, as is known, does not ing. This fallacy is largely the cause coarse banana-that is, one having a

require a high temperature. Certain of their blackened and depressed appearance thick rind with large ridges-is goodfor s.Sa .
varieties, like the Saffron Rose, con- when they reach the dinner cooking.All .
tinue to put forth buds and flowers all table. bananas contain starch while

winter long in Provence, and well- The proper, sensible, and scientific green, which upon ripening is changedby
developed roses of that variety can be way to boil a potato is without peelingit. nature's wonderful chemistry into
picked at the end of November, even Retaining its skin (though verywell sugar. Now if the banana is taken
in the climate of Paris. At Mr. Mari's washed be it said), it also retains just after its rind has begun to grow
place the rose trees are planted eitherin those possibilities of flavor and flouri- golden, but is still streaked with green, !
three lines parallel to each other, ness of which the generality of cooks it will contain a great deal of starch, Hires
for the bushy variety, or, in the cases do their very best to rob it. Differentsorts wnich will make it palatable when
of those with flexible stalks, each by need different treatment, but it cooked, while the small amount of sugar -
. itself, something like grape vines, as, may be taken as a general axiom that which has been formed will give it Do you X Root

for instance, the Marshal Niel. Theyare potatoes should boil till they may be a sweetness like a sweet potato. Strip
sheltered by frames just high easily pierced by a fork, and that after the rind off, and boil it until soft, and Drink Beer?

enough above the ground to allow of every smallest drop of water has been it will make one of the nicest vege- SOLD AND ENJOYED EVERYWHERE.
man walking about inside. At the carefully and studiously drained aWay' tables you ever ate.




CASSAVA.The nineteen samples of Irish potato, analyzed was then rubbed between stones ceive a warm gourdful, served by the

by Grouven, gave only 15.24 until all the poisonous juice was women, and that they kept it up as

Remarkable Tuber that Gives per cent. of starch.It squeezed out and the remaining moisture long as a drop remained in the village,

Meat and Drink to the Tropical was eaten by the South American! evaporated by exposure to the fire i hardly recovering from one debauch
Indians. and Caribbean Indians centuries before or hot sun. During the drying it i is before it was time for the next one.

this hemisphere was discoveredby stirred or broken into coarse grains, MEDICINAL VIRTUES.
The Amazonian Indians, who were Europeans, and it is a standing and this is farina or mandioca flour, Mandioca has medicinal virtues,

once cannibals, have a story to the marvel how those unscientific savages the bread of the rural Brazilian. The too. A poultice of it, moistened in

effect that, many years ago a babe learned to so prepare it as to elude its savages of the interior eat the dry its own juice, is considered a panaceafor

was born in one of the tribes who, deadly poison; for the bitter variety of flour, tossing it into the mouth with imposthumes. A drop or two of

when only one day old, walked and Brazil is said to contain so much hy- the fingers so deftly that not a grain i is the poison is administered for tape

talked and instructed the people. She drocyanic acid that thirty drops of the< lost. Travelers say that white men worms, and applied to old wounds will

was named Mani and died within the clear juice will kill a man in six min. have often tried to perform the same eat away the gangrened flesh. For

year. According to the custom of utes. Yet the Indians of California feat, but always powder their clothes certain poisons, and for snake bites, it

the tribe she was buried inside the learned to prepare a wholesome food< and faces to the infinite amusement of is said to be an unfailing antidote; and

hut of her parents, and the thatch was out of the poisonous buckeye long be- the Indians.THE the clear juice is used for cleaning

removed so that the tears of heaven fore they ever saw the gold seekers. PORTUGUESE METHOD. rusty steel and iron.

(rain) might fall every day upon her The art of rendering cassava innox- mill THE SWEET CASSAVA.
The invented
resting place. Soon a plant, before ious and fit for food was, next to the< for Portuguese mandioca soon unlike But it is principally with the sweetor
preparing not
unknown, sprang out of the grave; potato, the most valuable gift of the true cassava that our readers are
Yankee cider. them the
and presently the earth opened and< aboriginal South American to the civ- presses.Vith concerned, for it is Undoubtedly des-
modus is wash the
revealed some large white roots, which ilized world, and one which reflectsno operandi first to tined to take high rank among the
and the rind thento
a mysterious voice bade them eat. roots remove ; of Florida grown for home con-
small credit to the donors, because, crops
hold'the in the hand in
They found the new food pleasant to< had it not been accompanied by infor- pieces con sumption. As is usual with all newly-
the taste, and, believing it to be the mation of its culture and conversioninto tact with a circular grater revolved by; introduced plants, it has been made

body of Mani, named it Mani-oca, the "staff of life" (the result of rial water is power. The in sacks pulverized several mate-of the subject of extravagant statements,
placed ,
"The house of Mani. which to those
only serve prejudice
their own primitive experiments), no<
But this plant is also indigenous to< attention would ever have been paidto which, thus filled, are subject to the against it who are not acquainted with

the West Indies and to Africa, and in the poison weed. Perhaps remember action of a screw-press for the expulsion its real merits. Thus it has been rep-
the West Indies it is known by the I that Southey says: "If Ceres of the liquid, or it is hung up in resented that cassava will grow and

name (also aboriginal) of cassava; and deserved a place in the mythology of I loosely-woven from bags of palm fiber, suspended yield large crops in almost pure sand,
Florida derived the plant from these a pole, a weight at which is there is
as Greece, far more might the deification a gross error, as no
islands it will always be known to the< of that person have been expected who< the lower end of the bag which brings root growing to such proportions as

people of the United States as cassava instructed his fellows in the use of a pressure solidified upon is the pulp. The mass these do which can attain anythinglike
thus beaten fine in
instead of mandioca, its South American mandioca." mortars a full development on poor soil.
appelative. The name yucca and then transferred to open ovens or It wants even better soil than the
ITS MANIFOLD USES IN BRAZIL.A concave plates, heated beneath, and<
which some people insist on giving it, sweet potato, and for this reason it
is a clear misnomer, since the yucca; correspondent of the Indianapolis: stirred constantly until thoroughly] dry. will never supersede that esculent witha

belongs to the liliaceae, or lily family, Journal, writing from Rio de Janeiro, When properly prepared the farina is large class of second and third rate

while the cassava belongs to the< says: very white and beautiful, in coarse farmers who depend on the potato fora
euphorbiaceae, a large family of plants! In Brazil mandioca is as much in use particles which, subjected to a second considerable part of their subsist

generally with acrid and poisonous as wheat and corn in the United States,, pulverizing process,become the"arrow ence. More than that, with all its
juice. and after all that may be said about root" of commerce. The poisonous: unquestionable richness in starch, and

THE GROWING PLANT.A coffee, cotton, sugar, India rubber, juice is carefully preserved in vats, its superiority over the sweet potatoin
gold and diamonds, it is the most important where it deposits a fine sediment after nutritive it
cultivated field of this qualities, requires four .
queer production, for by it the standing a few hours, and this snow-
shrub looks like a of times as long as the potato to cook,
nursery young people live. Not only is it a very white substance is not only harmless:
is made into
peach trees. The plants about and not so easily pies,
valuable article of export-in the but nutritious-the tapioca so
five feet high+ the stem of each being very puddings and other savory dishes, andis
shape of tapioca, arrowroot and farina well known in the culinary line allover
is made.
when it
isolated with a few long pointed not so good
-but it is a staple article of food, as the civilized world, one of Bra. Floridians
leaves the and bud To expect therefore, to
at top, a or pro
indispensable to the average Brazilianas zil's important articles of export.IT .
jecting nucleus of a sprout occurringat substitute cassava for either the sweetor
potatoes to the Irishman, beef to IS ALSO DRINK. Irish
nearly inch of the otherwise the potato on their tables
naked stem.every Dig down a bit and you the Englishman, or frijoles to the Mex Mandioca also supplies a drink,, would be to expect a step from a

will find a cluster of irregular shaped ican. It is found on every Brazilian which historians tell us was in high higher to a lower civilization, almostas

tubers, resembling very large, long table in some form or other, at every favor among the savages at the time< great as from the American downto
in various wholesomeand
parsnips-five or six to the plant,, meal, not only of their discovery by the Portuguese,, the Brazilian.FOR .
dishes but it
weighing altogether twenty-five or palatable figures and is still in universal use among the STOCK FEED.
thirty pounds. The roots only are largely in greasy, garlicy soups, and Indians. If you ever have an oppor- But it is as a feed for live stock that

eaten. When a field has been har- in the everlasting olla podrida of carne tunity of tasting it you will thank me cassava has its chief superiority. If
seca (dried meat) sliced together with how it is made. Thisis it tables would be
vested the stems are chopped into for telling you to adopt on our a
pieces about four inches long, and lard, beans, yams, seeds and goodness the receipt : Slice the roots, boil step almost from American to Brazil

these are planted. They take root at knows what. In the form of coarse them till soft and set aside to cool., ian civilization, to adopt it for all va-

the nodes or joints, and the sprouts flour, a majority of the population use Then let somebody chew them mouthful rieties of stock, even including the

appear above ground in two or three it the year round in lieu of bread; by mouthful, returning the masticated fowls, would be almost as great a

weeks. The bitter kind used in Bra made into a thick porridge it is eatenat cuds to the vessel. Then fill movement in the opposite direction.It .

zil (manihot utilissima), requires two all times; babies are weaned on it; the: jar full of water and boil several [ is worth at least twenty-five per
it is the sole diet of invalids in Brazilian
years to perfect a crop, while the hours, stirring constantly. Then pour cent. more than sweet potatoes to produce
sweet variety grown in Florida (mani-- hospitals; a mild intoxicant is the: liquid off into another jar, which milk or lay on fat-we know this

hot aipi) will make a crop in seven or distilled from it which is the universal. must be buried up to its middle in the from personal experience. With no
drink of the lower classes; and it appears dirt floor of the habitation and less cultivation than
eight months, and is planted annually, family more manure
the tops being cut down by frost un- in no end of strange culinary where, closely covered, it will ferment required for corn it will produce an
less harvested for seed. messes, whose other ingredients are an in two or three days. When requiredfor amount of feed worth at least four

ANALYSIS AND QUALITIES. unguessable conundrum. use a fire is built around it, and times as much for fattening animals,
PREPARING THE ROOTS. the: beverage is served steaming hot. and incomparably more for producing
The United States Department that if milk because of its succulence. It is
The Indian mode of preparing the"oots There is a superstition men
Agriculture furnishes the following for food-in vogue nobody have anything to do about it the drink easier to plant and cultivate than sweet

analysis: knows how many centuries before the will not only be worthless, but colic- potatoes but harder to dig, so it maybe

Water Ash ........................................ 70-44 57 first Spaniard or Portuguese came to provoking; therefore the chewing is called even on this score. With

Oil and (at. .. the country-has never been much always done by women. DeLery says the same manuring-and let this be
Glucose,alkaloids and organic matter aS though modern machinery that the aborigines were great drunkards generous-it will yield 600 bushelsper
Sugar.............. S.19 improved upon,
Crude i.19 has somewhat shortened the on mandioca. It was the custom acre where sweet yield
Nitrogenous bodies......... ............... I 03Starch. : potatoes
21.24 process. With a shell or a rude rasp for all the men of the tribe to assemble 500; ; and its greater richness in starch

Sugar and starch together amountto made by setting a small, sharp stone at least once a month, and go make these yields in actual feeding

26.43 1, which is a high percentageof into a bit of bark, the roots were from house to house, singing and value equivalent to 126 and 75 rc-

nutritive matter. An average of scraped to a fine pulp. The pulp I dancing up to the foaming jars to re spectively.-ED.



CASSAVA.The : nineteen samples of Irish potato, an- was then rubbed between stones ceive a warm gourdful, served by the

alyzed by Grouven, gave only 15.24 until all the poisonous juice was women, and that they kept it up as

Remarkable Tuber that Gives per cent. of starch.It squeezed out and the remaining moistUre long as a drop remained in the village,

Meat and Drink to the Tropical was eaten by the South Americanand evaporated by exposure to the fire hardly recovering from one debauch
Indians. Caribbean Indians centuries be- or hot sun. During the drying it is before it was time for the next one.

fore this hemisphere was discoveredby stirred or broken into coarse grains, MEDICINAL VIRTUES.
The Amazonian Indians, who were Europeans, and it is a standing and this is farina or mandioca flour, Mandioca has medicinal virtues,

once cannibals, have a story to the marvel how those unscientific savages: the bread of the rural Brazilian. The too. A poultice of it, moistened in

effect that, many years ago a babe learned to so prepare it as to elude its: savages of the interior eat the dry its own juice, is considered a panaceafor

was born in one of the tribes who,, deadly poison; for the bitter variety of I. flour, tossing it into the mouth with imposthumes. A drop or two of

when only one day old, walked and Brazil is said to contain so much hy-I the fingers so deftly that not a grain is the poison is administered for tape

talked and instructed the people. She I drocyanic acid that thirty drops of the I lost. Travelers say that white men worms, and applied to old wounds will

was named Mani and died within the clear juice will kill a man in six min. have often tried to perform the same eat away the gangrened flesh. For

year. According to the custom of I I utes. Yet the Indians of California feat, but always powder their clothes certain poisons, and for snake bites, it

the tribe she was buried inside the learned to prepare a wholesome food and faces to the infinite amusement of is said to be an unfailing antidote; and

hut of her parents, and the thatch was out of the poisonous buckeye long be- the Indians.THE the clear juice is used for cleaning

removed so that the tears of heaven fore they ever saw the gold seekers. PORTUGUESE METHOD. rusty steel and iron.

(rain) might fall every day upon her The art of rendering cassava innox- THE SWEET CASSAVA.

resting place. Soon a plant, before ious and fit for food was, next to the< The Portuguese soon invented mills But it is principally with the sweetor

unknown, sprang out of the grave; potato, the most valuable gift of the< for preparing mandioca, not unlike true cassava that our readers are
and presently the earth opened and aboriginal South American to the civ- Yankee cider.presses. With them the concerned, for it is Undoubtedly des-

revealed some large white roots, whicha ilized world, and one which reflects! modus operandi is first to wash the tined to take high rank among the

mysterious voice bade them eat. no small credit to the donors, because,, roots and remove the rind; and thento crops of Florida grown for home con-

They found the new food pleasant to had it not been accompanied by infor- hold'the pieces in the hand, in con- sumption. As is usual with all newly-

the taste, and, believing it to be the mation of its culture and conversioninto tact with a circular grater revolved by introduced plants, it has been made

body of Mani, named it Mani-oca, the "staff'of life" (the result of water power. The pulverized material the subject of extravagant statements,
is placed in sacks, several of
"The house of Mani.
their which only serve to prejudice those
own primitive experiments), no I
But this plant is also indigenous to attention would ever have been paid which, thus filled, are subject to the I against it who are not acquainted with
the West Indies and to Africa, and in the weed. action of a screw-press for the expul. its real merits. Thus it has been rep-
to poison Perhaps you remember -
the West Indies it is known by the that Southey says: 'If Ceres sion of the liquid, or it is hung up in resented that cassava will grow and

name (also aboriginal) of cassava; andas deserved a place in the mythology of loosely-woven bags of palm fiber, suspended yield large crops in almost pure sand,
Florida derived the plant from these from a pole, with a weight at which is there is
Greece, far more might the deification a gross error, as no
the lower end of the which
islands it will be known to the bag bringsa
always of that person have been expected who root growing to such proportions as
people of the United States as cassava instructed his fellows in the use of pressure upon the pulp. The mass these do which can attain anything
instead of mandioca its South American thus solidified is beaten fine in mortars
mandioca." like a full development on poor soil.
appelative. The name yucca and then transferred to open ovens or It wants even better soil than the
ITS MANIFOLD USES IN BRAZIL.A concave plates, heated beneath and
which some people insist on giving it, sweet potato, and for this reason it
is a clear misnomer, since the yucca correspondent of the Indianapolis stirred constantly until thoroughly dry. will never supersede that esculent witha

belongs to the liliaceae, or lily family, Journal, writing from Rio de Janeiro,, When properly prepared the farina is large class of second and third-rate

while the cassava belongs to the says: very white and beautiful, in coarse farmers who depend on the potato fora
of In Brazil mandioca is as much in use particles which, subjected to a second
euphorbiacese, a large family plants considerable part of their subsist
generally with acrid and poisonous as wheat and corn in the United States,, pulverizing process,become the'arrow- ence. More than that, with all its
and after all that may be said about root" of commerce. The poisonous
juice. unquestionable richness starch, and
THE GROWING PLANT.A coffee, cotton, sugar, India rubber, juice is carefully preserved in vats, its superiority over the sweet potatoin
gold and diamonds, it is the most im where it deposits a fine sediment after
cultivated field of this nutritive qualities, it requires four
portant production, for by it the standing a few hours, and this snow-
shrub looks like a nursery of young times as long as the potato to cook,
live. Not is it white substance is not harmlessbut
only a only
people very
peach trees. The plants grow about and is not so easily made into pies,
article of the nutritious-the
valuable export-in
five feet high, the stem of each being very tapioca so puddings and other savory dishes, andis
shape of tapioca, arrowroot and farina well known in the culinary line allover
isolated with a few long pointed not so good when it is made.
-but it is a staple article of food, as the civilized world, one of Brazil's .
leaves at the top, and a bud or projecting To expect Floridians, therefore, to
the Brazilianas articles of .
to important
average export.IT
nucleus of a sprout occurringat substitute cassava for either the sweetor
nearly every inch of the otherwise potatoes to the Irishman, beef to IS ALSO DRINK. the Irish potato on their tables

naked stem. Dig down a bit and you the Englishman, or frijoles to the Iex- Mandioca also supplies a drink, would be to expect a step from a

will find a cluster of irregular shaped ican. It is found on every Brazilian which historians tell us was in high higher to a lower civilization, almostas

tubers, resembling very large, long table in some form in various or other wholesomeand at every favor among the savages at the time great as from the American downto

parsnips-five or six to the plant, meal, not only dishes but it of their discovery by the Portuguese, the Brazilian.FOR .
weighing altogether twenty-five or palatable figures and is still in universal use among the STOCK FEED.

thirty pounds. The roots only are largely in greasy, garlicy soups, and Indians. If you ever have an oppor- But it is as a feed for live stock that
olla of
eaten. When a field has been har- in the everlasting podrida carne tunity of tasting it you will thank me cassava has its chief superiority. If

vested the stems are chopped into seca (dried meat) sliced together with for telling you how it is made. Thisis to adopt it on our tables would be a

pieces about four inches long, and lard, beans, yams, seeds and goodness the receipt : Slice the roots, boil step almost from American to Brazil-
form of
these are planted. They take root at knows what. In the coarse them till soft and set aside to cool. ian civilization, to adopt it for all va

the nodes or joints, and the sprouts flour, a majority of the population use Then let somebody chew them mouth. rieties of stock, even including the
in lieu of bread
appear above ground in two or three it the year round ; ful by mouthful, returning the masticated fowls, would be almost as great a
it is
weeks. The bitter kind used in Bra- made into a thick porridge eatenat cuds to the vessel. Then fill movement in the opposite direction.It .

zil (manihot utilissima), requires two all times; babies are weaned on it; the jar full of water and boil several [ is worth at least twenty-five per
it is the sole diet of invalids in Bra
years to perfect a crop, while the mild intoxicant is hours, stirring constantly. Then pour cent.: more than sweet potatoes to produce
sweet variety grown in Florida (mani zilian hospitals; a the liquid off into another jar, which milk or lay on fat-we know this
distilled from it which is the universal
hot aipi) will make a crop in seven or must be buried up to its middle in the from personal experience. With no
eight months, and is planted annually, drink of the lower classes; and it ap dirt floor of the family habitation, more manure and less cultivation than
end of
the tops being cut down by frost un pears in no strange culinary where, closely covered, it will fermentin required for corn it will produce an
whose other
less harvested for seed. messes, ingredients are an two or three days. When requiredFor amount of feed worth at least four

ANALYSIS AND QUALITIES. unguessable conundrum. ( use a fire is built around it, and times as much for fattening animals,
PREPARING THE ROOTS. the beverage is served steaming hot. and incomparably more for producing
The United States of
Department The Indian mode of preparing the There is a superstition that if men milk because of its succulence. It is
furnishes the
Agriculture following roots for food-in vogue nobody have anything to do about it the drink easier to plant and cultivate than sweet

analysis: knows how many centuries before the will not only be worthless, but colic. potatoes but harder to dig, so it maybe

Water Ash ....................................... 70.44 57 first Spaniard or Portuguese came to provoking; therefore the chewing is > called even on this score. With

Oil and fat the country-has never been much always done by women. DeLery says the same manuring-and let this be

Glucose., alkaloids and organic matter 5.aSSugar 19 improved upon, though modern machinery that the aborigines were great drunkards generous-it will yield 600 bushelsper

Crude 1.19 : has somewhat shortened the on mandioca. It was the custom acre where sweet potatoes yield

Nitrogenous.. 21.24 1 03Starch. process. With a shell or a rude rasp for all the men of the tribe to assemble 500; ; and its greater richness in starch

Sugar and starch together amountto made by setting a small, sharp stone at least once a month, and go make these yields in actual feeding

26.43, which is a high percentageof into a bit of bark, the roots were from house to house, singing and value equivalent to 136 and 75 re-:

nutritive matter.: An average of scraped to a fine pulp. The pulp dancing up to the foaming jars to re spectively.-ED.



------ -

Microbes and their Digestion. drops of albuminous protoplasm surrounded ptomaines disorganizing to the blood pelled to employ laborers outside of

[CONCLUDED FROM LAST WEEK.] by skins of carbonaceous and functions of the victims, produc- th eir societies. This means somethingwhen
Editor Farmer and ait-Grower: ,tissue and they multiply by sending ing results in the case of cholera simi-- it is recollected that over 1,800

I will not attempt to comment on 1 out buds which when sufficient size is lar to intoxication.It men belong to the different stevedores'

gained, separate and carry on the is a most fortunate provision of associations. There are over twenty
the points of difference that have led
same process till their nutriment is ex- nature that the gastric acid of the steamships in the bay loading for all
to several classifications by different hausted or they are smothered in their stomach quickly destroys all germs parts of the world and sailing under

investigators, further than to say that \ own waste products or those of other that may enter when the digestion is almost every known flag save our own.

the yeasts are often called buddingand microbes. The physical relation microbes healthy and natural, and that the white This is a glorious sight. We have

the .more minute forms (micro-1' bear to their food is directly corpuscles or phagocytes of the blood : :also more than the average number of

cocci, bacteria, bacilli, etc.,) fission ''opposite to that of animals, for theI have a special office in the membranesand ocean going sailing vessels in port for

fungi. The first plausible theory of]I I food of animals is surrounded and passages of the head, throat and this season of the year.PensacolaNews.

decay was advanced by Liebig, who held by the tissues of the body, while lungs, arresting and destroying all in- .

contended that the albuminous matter I I the digesting fluids are secreted near truders;and they crowd into all woundsof The Black River Phosphate Com-
t. of organic bodies had on cessation of I the upper end of the alimentary canal the skin to mend the rents and
of Middleburg is now mining
life a natural tendency to decompose and the nutritive juices are chiefly fight against putrefactive enemies. pany phosphate by the hydraulic, .

and oxidize into simpler elements, absorbed further down, but microbes, Anything more than an outline of ten-inch centrifugal has process.A been

setting up a molecular motion that was from their exceeding smallness and. this subject cannot be attempted here, put in this draws pump the rock
communicated to other bodies with the relatively large size of their food and those of your readers who would ; pump
and water from the bottom of
which they came in contact, as in particles or liquids, are partially or en- like to investigate further I would refer the well and up propels it through
of ferments the imbedded in and surrounded Trouessart's "Microbes 450
case breaking up tirely by to Fer- feet of ten-inch pipe. The raise is
relations of elements connected them and their and Moulds "
by secreting digesting ments D. Appleton &
over forty-six feet to where the phosphate
-; feeble affinities. fluids into the surrounding mass absorb Co., and Woodhead's "Bacteria and
and water are poured into a
This position has seemingly a sup- their nutrition at 'one and the same Their Products," Scribners, as books sluice, in which the phosphate is car-
in chemical reactions for Yeast that will full and detailed in
port some operation. spores are always give ried
a distance of 600 feet to the creek,
instance, in nitroglycerine, carbon, floating i in the atmosphere, but when formation. E. S. HUBBARD. where it is loaded into lighters. The

hydrogen; oxygen and nitrogen are they settle on an object and increase rock is loosened and forced from its
united in such a way that the oxygenis with free access to air, it has been STATE NEWS.
chiefly combined with the nitrogen, demonstrated that alcoholic fermenta- .........,... WNXV XXV N- V XX- ..............- ...........,. repository, with by a pair a large of fourteen hydraulicpump -inch cyl.

with which it has little affinity instead tion does not take place, as they either The F. C. & P. freight warehouseis inders, and is not handled at all from

' of with the carbon and hydrogen, with leave their waste products in such having a new shingle roof put on, the time it leaves its bed until it reachesthe
which it has strong affinities, and onlya form that they completely oxidize, or which takes the place of iron. Shin- lighters. The now has
slight jar is to cause a the is completed by other as- have company
necessary process gles proven to last much longer 4,000 tons of wet rock and 1,500 tons
rearrangement:: of atoms with carbonic sociated microbes. It has been shown, and make a better roof in this climate of dry rock on hand, and its plant hasa

acid, water, hydrogen and nitrogen, furthermore, that a period of life in than iron.-Fernandina News. capacity of almost 100 tons a day.It .
with an enormous release of heat and the air is necessary to give yeasts a
The vegetable season has closed for is fortunate in having as its man-
energy.Again. functional vitality high enough to en- this: year at Clermont, in this county. ager Mr. L. Newnham, who has reduced -
the effect of diastase in con- able them when placed in a suitable
Sixty-seven thousand crates of tomatoes the cost of mining over 50 per
verting starch into is imitated medium from the air whichin
sugar: protected ,
; were shipped, at prices ranging cent.-Green Cove Spring.FREE.
chemically by mixing dilute sulphuricacid the case of beer is done by the from
$i to $4 net. Everything moved
with starch at a high temperature, scum, to increase rapidly and carryon off smoothly and nicely as the town
by which molecular rearrangement is vigorously their characteristic fer has two railroads and numerous boatson !
caused water is taken the starchis In beer for instance
up, ment. making the lakes, the transportation facili-
hydrated, and glucose or grape the work of fermentation is still further ties were unexcelled, and shipmentswere A Life Size Crayon Portrait of

sugar is produced. Broadly speaking, hastened by causing the life principleor rushed through in good time and yourself or friends, FREE. In
the organic ferments produce quicklyat diastase of the barley to convert the condition.-St. Francis Facts. order to introduce our work in

ajow temperature what chemical starches of the grain into maltose, your section of the country we
solutions produce but slowly at a high which is similar to cane sugar. The Mr. R. B. Burchfiel, Brevard _i will for a short period make, free
in this
temperature, and, although partially yeast then being added secretes a di- county surveyor, was town
of charge to any one sending in a "
week and told
decayed organic matter that has been gestive fluid similar to the diastase, he an Advocate reporter U Size
photograph, a Life Crayon
that he had received from his
excluded from the atmosphere will, called "invertin," which "inverts" one acre -n
of pineapples at Georgiana this sea- Portrait Free. Likeness guaran- ,-U
under conditions still U
some further crude cane sugar to invert sugar
oxidize on being again exposed to the ( and fruit ). son, the snug little sum of about $500. teed. Our crayons are made by a rriV .
grape sugar
In addition to this he had obtained | skillful artist, and are a work of. I
air without microbial action, yet fresh- The yeast, then, to gain the use of ""*"
art. This offer for only a
38,000 pineapple slips and suckers IJj
ly killed, undecomposed organic mat- carbon as fuel for its vital energy,
LL short time-if want to take
from his which worth between
patch, were you
ter without down
never decomposes being breaks or ferments the invert -
acted on by microbes, and if microbesdid sugar forming alcohol and car- : $7.50 and $8 a thousand. Mr. advantage of it, send in your photograph -'-

not exist organic oxidization and bonic acid gas, which bubbles up and Burchfiel merely planted this acre by at once to

all present terrestrial life would cease. escapes, or, confined and compressed, way of experiment,and so pleased was GRADE ART CO.
A true knowledge of microbial di- causes the bead of foam when the beeris he with the venture that he has set out

gestion was first gained by Pasteur and uncorked and poured out. Many 38,000 pineapple slips on his land at Cocoa 122 Quincy St., Clcago, Ills.

his pupils while studying the saccha- curious experiments have been carriedout Beach, on the peninsula.-Indian

romyces or sugar fungi that producethe to demonstrate the modes and River Advocate.A FREE !

yeast ferments, which are more limits of this process. For instance, little over three years ago Mr.
highly specialized in their productsthan lively yeast placed in a solution of George Atwood drained St. Marks'

many of the other forms. sugar without any nitrogenous ele- pond and converted the home of hun-

-'. r To begin with, they combine the ments starts a fermentation by sweat- dreds of alligators into 700 acres of

habits of the aeerobies or those which ing the invertin enzyme, which con excellent farm land. Since that time

depend on the air for oxygen to oxidize tinues till the dense protoplasm of the Mr. Atwood has been improving the

their food, and anaeerobies, whichare cells is almost entirely exhausted and land and now has a good sized farm.

able to live away from the air and I they become dormant or die. These He has 400 sheep brought from upper

obtain their oxygen from the material I dormant cells, however, when placedin Georgia and fifty head of cattle, all of

they feed on.Thirteen proper food revive, breed and be. which are healthy and thriving on the Evidently D. S. Morgan & Co.,of Brockport,
varieties of saccharomycesare come active again. The solution of rich pasturage of the drained pond. N. Y., believed In calling things by their right
enumerated varying in form from furnishes The Atwood farm embraces several names when they decignated the implement
hop pollen a nitrogenousfood manufactured by them for cultivating the soil,the
round to oval and from one to six ten- for them. thousand acres, but the crops of corn, "Spading Harrow." This word spading, which

thousandths of an inch in length,whichis The pathogenic or poisonous disease cane, potatoes, beans, etc., are at was a great first deal applied, used by in D connection S. Morgan with&Co.the, means word

about the difference between thin producing microbes are usually most present on the 700 acres of the pond.St. harrow.and it You still be may true exhaust that "The Webster half and has Worcester never-

tissue and common newspaper. Theyare active when they have bred in the air Augustine News.It been told. The spades dig up as well.pulverize -

larger than most of the pathogenicor on stimulating food,and their anaaerobic should not lie in the mouth of the ground of the;work but done we will by this not tool attempt; a trial a description of-

disease producing microbes, the period of life in the glands or tissuesof any citizen of Pensacola to complainof it win is necessary accomplish to in convince the soil.Iou Are of the you wonders a dealer it?
cholera or common bacillus for instance man and animals is under similar hard times, for it is true that every Would you like to control in your section a nov
being less than one ten thousandth conditions to that of yeasts except that laborer in the bay has had all the city stock in of the agricultural implement implements line? Then the add Morgan to your

of an inch long. Structurallythe they decompose the albumens in sucha work he could stand up to for weeks Spading Harrow. Are you a (farmer Would
farm into ? Then invest -
yeast organisms consist of minute manner as to make the resulting past And, moreover, they were com- you convert in the Morgan your Spading Harrow.a garden



ORGAN OF THE STATE pupils] flliltlflJlCE Alb IflDtiSTlpIt UfllOfl.

VoL VL "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth. No. 83.


Limit the Output. in New York for from one to two dol- taxes that go into the treasury. These stand why thrift has not followed in-
2dltor Alliance Department: lars per box, that many active, grasp- taxes are alone, as I have said, im dustry. Now add another fact. Our
We who live here close to the cen- ing, money getting folk are taking care mense. Our government in 1860, Southern people have been forced, or
ter of the greatest market in the coun- of the distribution. Leave the distri-- when our population was 30,000,000, felt themselves forced, a portion of
try, and have an interest in the wel bution to them; you look out for the expended altogether $82,000,000.With them, to unlearn some of their theo
fare of the Florida orange market, output; limit it as soon as you can and a little more than twice that ries of government. They were
seeing the fruit distributed by trains learn a lesson from our coal barons population we now spend more than taught that the best government is that
rushing to near and distant inland and other monopolists.A $450,000,000. Nearly or quite one- which governs the least, which leaves
points, by boat through the sounds NON-RESIDENT GROVE OWNER. third of this comes from the South. the citizen the greatest amount of liberty -
and rivers, and thence by wagon to Brooklyn, July 27. Certainly you will agree with me that which cultivates in him a spirit of
almost inaccessible towns and villages, ->. more than one-quarter of it does. How I independence, which teaches him to
see the one great cause of the depreciated How the South is Drained of Its
much of it
back there
goes ? rely upon himself and not upon his
value of the orange, and wonder Money.A We share of the
get a salaries from government. The Federal
why our Florida friends do not realizeit [ speech delivered before the Bank Presidents'
Association in Boston by Hon. Hilary A. Herbert offices; we get a fair share of postoffice especially they have supposed was
better.It ,member of Congress from Alabama.] accommodations; we get a fair shareof limited in its powers-had no parental
is folly to ignore the main fact. The portion of the country from the river and harbor appropriationswhen authority. For thirty years past the
It is folly to keep on adding to the which I came needs a circulating me- bill
a passes, which is, say, once revenue laws of the land have been
multitude of the trees now in grove. dium, if such a thing be possible- in two years-say about $8,000,000 framed and maintained the
The business of orange growing is good, sound and redeemable, of of upon
out $21,000,000. There we stop. avowed theory that it was the duty of
now on the point of being overdone.If course, but at the same time such a Practically all the expenditures for the the government to so legislate as to increase
another tree were not set out for a medium that will not leave us when army more than $22,000,000goNorth. the wages of labor. True or 1
quarter of a century, we believe that our of cotton is sold and all I
crop go All expenditures for the navy, false, thus is the door thrown wide
all the fruit that can be profitably to the money centers. It is an easy building and maintaining it-more open by capitalists through which so-
grown during the period would be matter when a demand of this kind i is than $22,000,000, excepting a few cialism is invited to work into the
produced by the trees now in grove. made to say that we can get and keep hundred dollars for coal-go North. control of the government, to be followed _
The greatest enemy of the orange money at home by labor and econo- Of these sums,as of all others expended in the future, perhaps, by agra-
grower, dependent on his grove for a my. A so called financier advertised by the government, the South pays its rianism. See how the Farmers' Alli-
living, is the neighbor who still reaching that for twenty-five cents he would tell share-nearly one-third. Of our ance reasons : Shall the government

out for greater prosperity, mis I .how to make-" a fortune..- The reply- bonded debt none of it was held always tax us for the benefit of others?
takenly adds to his grove more trees ne sent to tnose senaing twenty-nve South when the war closed; very littleis If it raises the wages of other laborersby
and more care and anxiety for his cents was: "Work like and don't
Of the
now. vast for
expenditures taxing us, shall it not help us also?
pains. spend a cent. I do not much infinitessimal
exag- pensions an portionjgoesSouth. Shall it not give us money on our
Since 1882 we have had savings- gerate if I say to you that is just what our Since
1865 we have paid of crops at one or two per cent.? Shall it
hard earnings-invested in an orange farmers in the South have been doing the principal of the public debt over not take possession of railroads and
rove. This has taken us occasionallyinto for the past twenty-five years. They $$1,875,000,000.. Since July, 1861, we give us cheap transportation? These
the State. Last winter we went have labored faithfully and haven't have paid of interest on the public debt doctrines are pernicious heresies.
from point to point through and across I spent money. It has taken all they $2,601,000,000, amounting certainlyto They would lead to the ruin of the
Orange and Lake counties, viewed could get together to pay debts, and $2,400,000 since July, 1861; and in farmers themselves, to the subversionof
the immense yield of many old and some of the debts are not paid that
yet. same period we have paid more our system of government, but theyare
beautiful groves, and we wish that Our farmers have labored faithfully. than $1,400,000,000 in pensions, the natural offspring of the theoryof
was all that was seen of the orange Cotton is our great staple. The
crop amounting altogether to $5,675,000- protection, which teaches that
growing industry; but truth requiresthe has increased steadily from 2,000,000 000. For the purpose, therefore, of ernment must regulate the wages goy of
further statement that abandoned 3,000,000 in 1866 and 1867 to paying the public debt and pensions it labor, and so they flourish most where
groves and homes were often passed, 9,000,000 in 1891. What has carriedoff is safe
to say, counting only one-fourth I the condition of life among the farmers,
too. There have been many unfor- from us all the immense revenue of that sum, that there has been taken as brought about by the laws of the
tunate growers. Too many orangesare coming from this source? First, Federal from the South by the hands of the tax- government, are hardest among the
worse for grower and consumer taxation has been enormous; gatherer and distributed in the North farmers of the South.
than too few. It is too great a nearly or quite one-third of all the by the hands of the government within >-+-*
danger to carry all our eggs in one money in the United States has gone the last twenty-eight years more than Presidential Electors-Districts. .
basket. I would say to our friends, annually into the Treasury of the $1,400,000,000. And conditions do The Supreme Court of Michiganheld
the grove owners, look to limiting the United States and then gone out not improve. There is no hope that in the recent case of McPhersonvs.
output, plant something else if youcan again, not always or everywhere to they will. As interest on debt goes Blacker, that the Michigan statute
profitably, for it is only in pursu- the sources from which it was derived, down pensions go up. The estimate providing: for the. election of Presidential
ing such a course that a fair return there again to supply the wants of the I for the-present year is over $147,000- electors by congressional districts
for labor and money expended in the community, but nearly all of it to the
000. Soon it will reach $200,000,000.I instead of by the voters of the Stateat
grove will in the future be secured. North and West. Federal taxes are have said nothing about the millionsof large was not unconstitutional.The .
We are always very interested in not laid upon property. If they were dollars profit paid by the South to court said, in giving judgment: '
reading the FARMER AND FRUIT they would be laid according to wealth.If the life and fire insurance companiesin "The practical construction whichwas
GROWER, and find much profitable taxes were apportioned according the North; nothing of the vast sums placed upon the section under
intelligence in it. While practical, to ability to pay, the poorest sectionsof going in the same direction for food consideration was certainly such as to
generally, a little humor is found in the country would pay the least and clothing; nothing of the intereston maintain the contention of the respondent -
the wrestling of your correspondentswith taxes. But our taxes are imposed on borrowed money; but I think you that the contemporaneous
their question of how to distrib.ute consumption. The necessities of men see, gentlemen, where our cotton crops interpretation was that by this section
the crop and get it to the handsof are nearly equal. Therefore taxes are have gone. plenary power was reposed in the sev-
the many would-be consumers,who drawn from all sections in proportionto Add one other fact-that the priceof eral Legislatures of the States to prescribe
have not the privilege of getting with. some extent, at least-to popula I this great staple, cotton. has gone methods for choosing electors
in sight of an orange. tion. There is a steady stream of I from say twelve to thirteen cents other than that by a vote of electorsof

Do not be self-deluded any longer, money flowing into the treasury from twenty years ago to six cents; and the entire State, or by any agency
friends, I would like to say to them, every hamlet and homestead in the then the other distressing circumstance which, in the performance of other
for there is a large proportion of the I land. Now, I am not the '
that, being all the time indebted, public functions, represented the entire
business men of these active markets tariff. I am not speaking of the im-
the Southern farmer has all the time State. In the first Presidential
whose living is made in distributing immense amounts that out of the been
go compelled to pay high rates for election Maryland and Virginia each
oranges and every other desirable pockets of the consumer of manufac- money with which to make his crop, adopted the district plan. Maryland
thing. Be sure that when the fruit tured goods and never get into the and you have before you the reasons continued to so choose her electors
is so abundant: that it sells at auction treasury at all. I am speaking of the why he is poor today. You under down to and including the year 1832.





Massachusetts in 1788 adopted a planof TEMPERATURE. Names. e ectloeee
in districts The temperature was irregularly distributed -
bya Editor Farmer and Fruit rVhat's :
vote of the people, to whom the and slightly below normal for <"<<< \ in a name?" A good $ Sour Eructations, fI
the State. Liberty, Nassau and DeSoto fullness after eating,with dlsinclina-
Legislature was limited in makinga counties report it too high, averaging 95:> deal, I think ; especially when a per- ..tlon to exertion of body or mlndle
choice. In 1796 they were chosen degrees in the first and injuring potatoesand Irritability of temper,general
son or thing a name that does not ness and debility are speedily reffL -
by districts. In New York the meth-- peas in the last named. The temper- moved by the use of tit
od of choosing electors first adoptedwas ature conditions were reported as favorable fit, or is not deserved. The wrong-
for fodder and tobacco cutting
by vote of the Legislature, but in in Santa Rosa pulling county; for limes and- headedness of the English-speaking e TUTT'Siny e

1825 the district system was adopted, guavas in DeSoto, and crops generally nations in bestowing names, in giving !

and was in use in the election of elsewhere. several things the same name, and Liver PiOs
1828. In North Carolina the district SUNSHINE.The .
sunshine, though badly distrib- pronouncing several things alike, tit}and good. appetite, strong digwtlon,(I)
in and in
system was adopted 1803, activity of body and mind sociability
uted, was about normal. DeSoto reportstoo
though spelled differently, is very buoyancy of spirits, and health and,..
1804 and 1808. In Kentuckythe
much to the injury of potatoes, peas I strength take their place. Price 25(.,
district system prevailed until and rice, and Franklin, Orange and Jefferson lamentable.We cent. Office,39&41 Park Place,N.Y.

1828. In Tennessee the district counties too little, injuring crops have a peculiar word here, the .80eeQi)1))
__ __ _
generally, and especially cotton, tobacco, h
system prevailed from 1796 to hay and fodder in Jefferson. It was meaning of which is taken from the
1836. In Indiana the district I THE ALLIANCE CULTIVATORLEADS
system beneficial to fruit in DeSoto and Lake Indian. A kind of land, or a kindor
was used in 1824 and counties; hay, fodder and orange treesin
in Illinois the district system Lake, and crops generally elsewhere.WIND. kinds of timber growing on certain

prevailed from its admission into the land, is called hammock, instead of
Union until In Maine also The wind was generally southerly.
1827. High winds damaged trees, oranges, hamac, which would intimate to

the district system prevailed from mangoes and other fruit and fences in strangers that the word and its mean- .
1820 until and including the electionof Lake, Santa Rosa and Sumter counties,
1828. It will be seen thereforethat and cotton and cane in Calhoun county. ing are peculiar to Florida.Mr. .

the exercise of the right to choose THUNDERSTORMS. H. G. Hastings, seizing upon
Thunderstorms were reported from the fact that a certain plant has a bad
electors by districts began at the first
Orange, Duval, Osceola, Lake, Sumter,
election held under the Constitution, Nassau and Brevard counties. Lightning and undeserved name, proposes to

and continued to be exercised by some struck trees in Sumter and a house in call it Florida clover. Now, whilewe

of the States for a period of forty Osceola county, but no material damagewas all agree that the plant deserves a

years. Nor was an abandonment of done. better name than beggarweed, let us .

this method due, except possibly in a Preparing ground CROPS.for winter vegetables give it a name more nearly correct, 4 IN

single instance, to growing doubts as has begun in Alachua county, where and obviate the need of two names,

to the constitutionality. The Statesin the pear crop has been marketed at good by calling it molle. Its true name is

which it had been invoked adopteda prices. Turnip and cabbage seed sowingis Desmodium molle, I believe. The untold -I
it is believed underway in Jefferson;potato plantinghas millions who are to succeed us in
general ticket method ,
been delayed in DeSoto, but is pro-. ALL OTHERS.
not because of any doubt of the authority gressing in Lake and Nassau; tomato this semi-tropical country will cer- CQY Imp OVED IFIRROLU
to choose electors in districts, planting in Lake and Polk has com- tainly thank us for getting right once

but in order that more power could be menced with increased acreage in the and giving them a handy name and a Has adjustable sharpening teeth.

wielded by the State in political con latter: hay harvesting delayed from true name for a valuable plant. CULTIVATORS AND HARROWS FOR
four eleven in Jefferson
days ;
Much has been done since I
ventions. crab grass awaiting cutting in was a ONE AND TWO HORSES.
m boy to simplify the spelling of certain
Escambia, where LeConte pears promise Satisfaction guaranteed.Prices .
WEATHER AND CROPS. little, but figs are plenty. Fod words, and much more remains to be on application.

der-pulling tobacco cutting continuein done. Thus I was taught to spell
For the Week Ending August 15th, Santa Rosa where AGENTS WANTED.T. .
: county, hay, peas plough, instead of plow, as now. We
1892. and look well cotton reported
'potatoes :
have the final in several
dropped r ,
RAINFALL. short in Washington;; ,and fodder in Walton -
The rainfall for the week was very and Washington counties: potatoes words. Let us go further and spell 7-i4-im XVoilclo 1'1A.

badly distributed throughout the State, promise a good yield in Polk., where fine tuf, instead of tough ; slou, instead of -HLOOMINOTON600'ACRESY------ ----.
being in excess in the northwestern anda corn is being gathered. slough, and abbreviate and simplifyand Ya'CREEN'HmlsES11
few of the central counties, and excepting E. R. DEMAIN, Director.
Columbia and Pol{ counties:, Jacksonville. Fla., August 16. 1892. make it easier for our children, TREES ID PLANTS
from which favorable reports were received >-*-. and children's children, to learn to
We offer large and fine itock
a of
deficient elsewhere. Excessive Deafness Can't be Cured write and spell. M. CHESEBRO, FUUlTand ORNAMENT*I.TUEl every description>, .krubs.of

rains injured cotton in Liberty, Jeffersonand by local application, as they cannot Instead of M. Chesebrough, as my F11U1T Roses, Tine and FOREST Small! FRIfITM TILIat, JI MRfAlMNGNl', price: '
Washington counties; fodder in reach the diseased ; of the had it Priced Catalogue mailed free. Established 1852.
port t n ear. parents ; or Cheseborough, as
Walton, Washington, Alachua and Jefferson PHCENIX NURSERYCOMPANYi
; hay and tobacco in Jefferson: There is only the one way to cure doubtless the grand parents had it. | """r* t* SlOaxt TCTTJJt CO.,BLOOXUGTOX: ItL.

potatoes in Liberty; corn in Calhoun; deafness, and that is by constitutional -------
-- -- --- -- --- --
pears in Escambia; peas in Alachua; remedies. Deafness is caused by an
made the soil too wet in Franklin, Walton inflamed condition of mucous liningof o fvELES. Spading
and Bradford, and in the last named MORGAN
the Eustachian Tube. When this FIVE 4.
county prevented the preparation ofground SIZES. Harrow
for and the setting out of straw- tube gets inflamed you have a rum- Thousand

berry plants. Where the rainfall was bling sound or imperfect hearing, and told. The No neat EQUAL all around for notary Fall plowed Harrow land and, Stubble Pnlrerlzer.Via.

deficient crops generally were more or when it is entirely closed, Deafness is yards aDd peach Orchards Leave no
in and farrow or ridge. Angle of teeth adjustable. Bend
less DeSoto
injured, especially the result, and unless the inflammation for Catalogue. Mention thli Paper. AddrenD.S.
counties. On the other
hand Hillsborough, rains were reported beneficial to can be taken out and this tube : MORGAN & CO. Brockport, N.Y.

cane in Lake, Osceola and Jefferson restored to its normal condition, hear- ___ _

counties; to oranges in Calhoun, Volusia, ing will be destroyed forever; nine NURSERIES OF THE
Brevard, Alachua, Polk, Orange and cases out of ten are caused by catarrh.

Sumter DeSoto;and to potatoes Volusia;in to Polk rice and in Polk Osceola and, which is nothing but an inflamed con. Milwaukee l Fla.-ida. D.-aqge. CD.

dition of the
Osceola; to grass in Alachua and Lake; mucous sur aces.
to and melons in Madison We will One Hundred Dollarsfor
peas, pindars ; give Selected strains' of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
to turnips, cabbage and collards in Es any case of Deafness (caused by Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
cambia; to fruit and vegetables in Hills- Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
) we cannot cure by taking
borough; and in filling lakes and pondsin For Catalogue and Price-List, address
Sumter and counties. Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu-
The reported amounts Hillsborough of precipitation lars, free.F. A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.BLACK .

ranged from .50 of an inch at Titusville J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.

to 10.24 inches at Bristol. Measured Sold by druggists, 7Sc. QJ i UINE 1!I1LE: Y ,
amounts are: Apalachicola, 2 inches;
Avon Park, .81; Archer, 2.30; Amelia,
1.90; Bristol, 10.24; Clermont, 3.66; De- TO SHIPPERS OF FRUITWANTED : JAMAICA and PORTO RICO

Funiak Springs, .85; Eustis, 2.01: Green -
Cove Springs, 2.40; Homeland, 3.65; PINEAPPLE SLIPS
- Lemons, Oranges, Grapes, Peaches,
Hypoluxo, .67; Jacksonville, .67; Jupi-
ter, 2.02; Key West, .68; Kissimmee. Apples, Berries, Green and D. T. Valentine
Imported by Kingston Jamaica. Large
1.84; Lawtey, 4.90, of which 3.60 fell in Dried Fruits. ,

24 hours; Milton, 1.24; Orange City, 1.24; Will pay cash. Send for a Daily Bulletin. slips for July delivery. Address,
Ocala, 1.24; Oxford, 4.96; Orlando, .98;
Pensacola, 1.06; St. Andrews, 1.23; St. M. E. BALLARD & CO.,
Petersburg, 1.88 Cottage Grove Are., Chicago,Ill., Agent,
; Tampa, 3.64; Tarpon General Produce Commission Merchants and
Springs, 6.42; Titusville, .50. I Shippers. 1.2 -mo M113c: rxe; .F..1Q.'li_




BARTER COLUMN.Definite FOR SALE-Strong, well rooted Strawberry FflOrllPA DISPATCH 'r.GROWQ
Nunans and Clouds, and a limited One Cottrell Cylinder
exchange offers inserted free. State supply Michels and Hoffmans. Will be readyfor al

what you have and what you want. delivery September i Good packing guaran- tARMER'R fARMtRSAUMNCfOfOOUHATO Jt.Flun.uM.ut w
teed. B. H. ALDEN,Lawtey Fla. 7-213m
Open to subscribers only.
BOONE'S EARLY, fine in quality; the earliest Press

WILL EXCHANGE$14 Winchester Single-Shot orange in use. Limited supply of trees. Au- CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. ,
rantium ,
of Longwood
for first-class Telescope of the same Pomelo. Mr. Clauser,
received returns in February,from Barber&Co.,
Talue. T. J. MCMEEKIW. UcMeekin. Fla. it"CENTAWORD" .
Chicago: Common Pomelo, net, $I.2r; Auranti-
um $2.30. Some fine trees. Also,large Tardi1fbuds I TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
on sour. JAMES MOT, Orlando Nursery.
COLUMN.. 7-21 8w I For One Year ..............................12.00: ONE WASHINGTON HAND

To insure insertion in this column, advertisements Seasoned Orange Box Heads. For Six Months..... .................. ..... i.oo

must be accompanied by the money. We carry more dry lumber than any mill in Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance.
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. the and are prepared to fill orders for box PRESS
Postage Stamps received in payment. Southf large quantities at short notice. Dry Rates of Advertising on Application. ,
Count every word,including: name and address. TILGH-
Flooring, Ceiling and Sidinga specialty.
REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
MAN-WILSON Co.,Palatka Fla. 7-2112t
FOR SALE-Choice budwood for fall budding- Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Letter, Can be Bought Very Cheap
varieties Orange, Lemon and Pomalo. WALL PAPER-Cheaper than any house in to order of.FLORIDA
Orange budwood, thirty-five'cents per hundred; state. Samples, prices and instructions
$2 50 per thousand. Lemon fifty cents per hundred free by mail. J. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street, DISPATCH, FARMER AXI APPLY TOCHAS.
:13.50 per thousand. dollar perhundred Jacksonville, Fla. 3-24-6m FRUIT GROWER.
; 87.50 thousand. Fifty Thousand
Nursery Trees for sale. J. W. & F. D. WAITE, FOR SALE-One second hand Washington W. DACOSTA
Jacksonville Fla. .
Magnolia Nurseries,Belleview, Fla. 8-18-4 Press for sale cheap at ,
Write for Particular

A FIRST-CLASS GOLD'S FORCE: SPRAY FOR SALE-Whipporwi11 pees, per bushel, f.o. The World's Fair. Jacksonville, Fla.
PUMP and a United States Cook Stove
> b.. Conch limited
$a.oo; peas(( quantity), per
Evaporator for sale by M. CHESEBRO, Plummers, !
pound, Chufa seed
paid aoc pound
post ; per
Fla. 8-18-31 post paid, 350; per peck, f. o. b., $1.50; pearl! We have received the last issue of They are the sweetest
millet, per pound, post paid, 35C four pounds, LATEST
\ITANTED-Seedling Grape Fruit Trees; only the "World's Columbian Exposition most complete, tone sustaining -
f 1.25; ten pounds, f. o. b., $2.00. Send cash with
durable and
clean thrifty stock. State age, size and per-
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla.
price. Address box 58, Orlando Fla. it 2-4-tf Illustrated, the only authentic organof fect Music Boxes made
(warranted In every reINVENTION -
SALE-7ooo Orange, Lemon and GrapeFruit FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, the Great Fair. The object of this spect), and any number of
Bads; all budded on sour stock and I see "Real Estate Journal" Arcadia, Fla. IN tunes can be obtained for
trained to stake. Write for prices. J. II. TURN- '1.00 per year: sample,with state map.-io cents. publication is to give a complete authentic them. (Improvements Pat-
LEY. Lake Weir. Fla. 8-i8-i2t ented in Switzerland and
3-24-l2m historical record of the Colum- United States.)
WANTED-Partner to develop one the best WRITE NOW for prices on anything in nurs- We manufacture especially:
SL Lucie river; excellent ery line. I will either supply you or tell bian Exposition. It contains 32 pagesof for direct family trade, and we
and lands. One
Pineapple Lemon Orange acre you where to get it. Stock largely increased. G. I guarantee our instruments far
in pines. Half interest for $Soo. Investment L. TABER, Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. official proceedings, and will give superior to the Music Boxes
should pay over 200 per cent. Box 10, Spruce-
Mary, 6-9-tf usually made for the wholesale
bluff,Fla. itPRIVATE photographic illustrations printed on Enameled trade and sold merchandise -

FAMILIES supplied with nice, fresh paper, of all the Exhibits, Build- stores. lIanufacturers'sjCCialagency ,dry goods and music
and salesrooms for the
Waverly Farm, Tallahassee.. 8-iS-eow-at : ings, and attractions of the Great Fair. 1 I celebrated Gem and Concert

PLANTS-Send for price.list As work of Art the most Roller Organs; play any tune;
STRAWBERRY a containing
prices, {6 and .
,Grand Bay, Ala.Siiot WINTER AND SUMMER, only 912.Oldplusic
interesting information, it is invaluableto Boxes carefully

FOR SALE OR TRADE-A 5<>-barrel, all roll. For Profit and Pleasure. all who wish to keep up with the II.Repaired GAUTSC1II and Improved.& SOXS,
Mill In the center of town. Old established BOXES
trade. Rolls for feed, etc. Power water times and learn of the great International Ma,a ufacturer..
and steam. Want small property, near good A HAND BOOK ON GARDENING in FLORIDA Salesrooms 1030 Chestnut St.
town or city,or merchandise. I have poor health Enterprise.It Philadelphia

and 8-n-at wish to retire. S. L. COOK. Evansville Wis. FREE! FREEE!! FREE!!! will be published semi monthly

SEE THEM GROW-Those Pear and other We have bought the entire issue of early in the fall, making eighteen
trees,etc. Pierson is getting ready for
the fall trade. Prices now ready. SUMMIT Prof. Whitner's Gardening in Florida copies for present year. Price, $4, KIAIEPIANOS.
NURSERIES, D. L. Pierson, Monticello, Fla. ;
8-11-91 postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscrip-

FOR SALE-A tract of fine fruit land;a splendid will mail a copy of same to all parties tions taken at this office, where the
for a nurseryman. T. K. GODBEY, .
Waldo, Fla. S-u-iot sending us $2.00-renewals or new paper can be seen, or send 25 cents
DISASTER-Use Perfection: Rein Guard. subscribers. for sample copy to
AVOID Tone Touch Workmanship g DurabilityBaltimore
: prevents horses switching over B. CAMPBELL ,
the lines. Agents and dealers coin money. Sample J. ,
$i, with circulars. ANDREW V. CALLAHAN, Remember you must send us ,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.
Editor and
General Manager, Salem, Ohio. 8-u-iot Publisher New York, 148 Fifth Ave.

$2.00 to entitle you to this bookC. 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills. Washington, 817 Market Space
XI7 ANTED-A good second-hand boiler 20 to 40
horse-power;also good large force pump. W. DACOSTA,
State full particulars. E. II. Mora Leesburg, FOR SALE
Fla. 8-4-t ,
PUBLISHER. "The World's Columbian Ex osiionDlusrated"
$1.00 f. I or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
per '
RED.b. C. E. HOFFMAN, Apopka, Fla. 8-4-31 and the FLORIDA DISPATCH cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Ham

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER for one mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with

PIGEONS-Bought,sold and exchanged. MT. PLEASANT N. C. ) plank causeway, 3 K mile long, with dock and
for what you want. Stamp for reply. Next teuton will begin Sept.1. Classical. Scientific, year mailed to any address, for $5. ferry I mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha
LLOYD GRANT, Lady Lake, Fla. 7-28-521 and Philosophical courses. Academic Department Preparatory
W. DACOSTA River miles from Silver Springs. Address
for Gollec Commercial Department full C. ;4
coarse. Instruction thorough and practical. Good
STAWBERRY PLANTS-Clouds, Hoflmans, brick bofldinra. Beautiful and be<hfolloeation. Expense Publisher FLORIDA DIsrATCH, FARMER -I' A. TREADWEL.L.
Crescents. Strong plants now *per session of 88 weeks.81 OO.OO to 815O.OO.

ready., Fla.Send for prices. CLARK LEWIS 7-28-ijt, Hampton President For catalocn and further Iter.information oJ.D.Sllllun, address the AND FRUIT-GROWEF Redding. Conn.THE .





Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load of Watermelons; and First and Best VegetablesThat

always get the very cream of the high prices will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of

Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers,

Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their

Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food. ti

For information, analysis, circulars, price current, etc., describing these articles, address

THE> PAiNE> I\E Ifc1MXl2E: : CO.,


All prices will be in view of great rivalry and made to meet et'trypossible competitor and should secure your order. Drop us a line for prices, etc., for f ertiliztn

and material mentioning this paper.

[ .




I ,


Extending Southeast, South and South- DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH.

west from Jacksonville, cover over one k
thousand miles of tropical country, and

reach all prominent winter ancllUmmel" Agents We are for State the We Have _

pleasure resorta of Florida: One and TwoHorse : Q HORSE HAY RAKES"In
The East Coast, ; '' stock.

BUCKEYEMOWERS ,, S and 6 feet tread.
The Great Lake I
= :J .. The 6 foot Is suitable ?
The Phosphate Fields, --r" .'"\ for use In FIDrida [gentral & Peninsular

The Fields A complete gtocli of f _-. ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD I OO.
Jlotcers and -

The Orange GrovesAND Repairs Factory on Prices.hand at \Write" for Prices. The Florida Trunk biqe8HQ"RTDIlNE


The Fruit and Vegetable
A full Line of Repairs for Same.
Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse PulverIzing Harrows, the Boy In addition tb It* long-established connections -

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implements with the North by
River Junction, Live Oak, Callahan,Jaekonrllle
: of all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold and Fernandlna -

THREE THROUGH TRAINS at factory prices. Send for catalogues. HM this season re-opened

Til Ti( fBomiivilli ill Jontictlla{ Roiti.

In connection with the 8.,P.A W. R. K.;the
AlabamaJMtdland and the L.&N.and the lines
The Tropical Trunk Line leading from Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City
and the North and west.

Through Cars from Cincinnati to
These lines are equipped with the latest Jacksonville and Tampa.

improved modem appliances for the TSi Schedule, Pullman Sleepers. all Jfatrn -

afety and comfort of passengers. # Railway Improvements.

Our patrons call them the The Florida Central,i Peninsular> RR.

is the greatest artery of travel through tho
FINEST IN FLORIDA. c. twentyfourcountsOadsdenJeferson
t ,Duval Alachua
Lake Leon suwannee Nassau Levy,Orange,
F 8U1.oorough.Vaku}Ia, Columbia, Clay
via J.
Trains Leave Jacksonville -
: J Marion Polk Manatee,Madison Baker Bradford -
T. & K. W.: Sumter, Hernando and DeStoto-ln their
richest portion. It runs through the Middle -
8:30 a.m. daily,except Sunday; Florida Ilegion of 11111 Country where are
Sunday the fine oldFarming
daily 4:20 p.m. daily, except ;
; : lands and the Jfew Tobacco
8:00 p.m. dally, except Sunday. -; : =L 1i : farms

Arrive 7:30 ajiL, 8:00 ajiL, 12:65 pjn, (reached by no other line),some of them con
ducted on a large scale. Here are Ouincy,
7:40 p.m.Trains PLANET JR. HORSE HOEWITHiLEVER AND LEVER WHEEL. Tallahassee(the capital),Monticello. Madison
and other towns from whose comfortable,
--- --- --- --- -
Leave Jacksonville via East ample dwellings reposing In a fertile country -
is coming a renewed energy to employ
Coast Lines: IRRIGATING MACHINERY the resources lavished about them. Stretch-
ing down through
8:25 ajn. daily, 1:00 tun. daily, except
Sunday 4:05p.m. dally.
; of Baker Bradford Alachua and Levy counties -
Arrive 9:30 a.m.,12.25 p.m., 6:40 pjn. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers I through the prosperous
Strawberry farm
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. I of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps su-

TITUSVILLEFor Fittings,Hose, Etc. Estimates furnished perior through In the profit heart to the of the State, penetrating-it goes

"' some of the finest groves,one having
Melbourne daily, except Sunday for Plants put in complete and guar- 70,000 full-bearing Orange Trees,

5:00 a.m., 3:45 p.m.; Rockledge, 9:00 ajxL, anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between them-
. 7:00 p.m. Arrive Melbourne, 1:00 p.m., making its way southward to tho Gulf and to
12 midnight. Returning,leave Melbourne Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State. In
all portions of the State it reaches points of
1:20 p.m., 12:30 a.m.; Rockledge 4:50 pjo, 4 Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest.
Arrive Titusville 8:00 "
8:00 ajn. : p.m.,
12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Waknlla Sprlngfln the West, the Suwannee -
River as beautiful and romantic as it is

Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, except machine shop. and famous.the Silver lakes Springs themselves, in the with lake their region surroundings

Sunday 8:30: aja, arrive Jupiter following of rolling land interspersed with
dar 3:30 ajn. Returning, leave pleasant homes in green groves sloping downto
the clear lake fronts. Dy means of this
Jupiter except Sunday, 9:30: ajn.
3 road you can most readily reach the
Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30 aon. Hunting and fishing Grounds.
The settler will find on the line of this roada
iI'I greater opportunity for a varied selectionof
ORMOND 0 land than on any other road in the State-
? -- from lightest soils to those underlaid with
8:00 ajn.Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays clay and marl and of richest bammock-
for mixed farming stock or
whether regular
for Rockledge and landings. dairy farming, peach or strawberry culture,
Returning, leaves Rockledge 8:00 ajn. -? orange groves and vegetable gardens.
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. The tourist will be gratified with its scenery.
The health-seeker on its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with 1 some spot adapted to his wants. On the bard
__ r-t'Li roads of Middle Florida the horsemanwill
trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all pointson ride with speed and satisfaction and the
Florida Central and Peninsular Is theSportsman's
Lake Worth.
For schedules, maps, eta, call on local .-Passengers from Northern connections
the Florida Central
having over
agents, or address the General Passenger and Peninsular to points in South Florida
have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville -
Agent.R. AGENTS FOR | over the Company I line and alloweda
B. CABLE IT. L. CRAWFORD. O"'TLES' STEA.I1Z PITIES. stop-over within the going limits of the
ticket with return to their route for destination -
General){anapr. Supt.East Coast Line, Send for of
free of extra charge. map
J.,T.Jt K. W.System. St.Augustine,V la All Letters Answered the Day they are Florida' ,mailed free.
THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY Jacksonville,YI.Jr. .
General,Puaen.aerJaoboanue Agent, .I.PJCfKIKOTON Traffic Manager.
,7U.' D.L MJJCWILL, General) Manager







Phosphoric .4 per cent. I Potash K.0..5 per cent. I Ammonia........................2 to 3 per cent.



Potash...........................6 to 7 per cent. I Ammonia..3 to 4 per cent. | Phosphoric Acid..5 to 6 per cent. ti

PrIoe, per ton: O. I.e. Bra.1d, P O. IB. CCLrs, Be11e ie''V', $2223.OOr .

Prioe, >r ton; Fru..1t: oucxcl 'ViX1e, P O. B. Cars: Be11av1ew, $2 G.00 .

This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is :

Insoluble' Silicate ..........................18.76 I Phosphoric Acid............................. .17.70 I Oxide of Iron ...............- ........ ........ 74 I Magnesia and Soda .......... _u. ....6.55
Carbonate Lime........................... 4.56 I j Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime.... ...39.00 I| Aluminum ..... ......-....................... 2.07 I| Moisture.......... ...........:............... 6.59

He says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained in an. area of about

six. miles about Belleview.
The above mentioned complete Fertilizer is 25 per cent. cheaper than any sold in :Florida of same grade, and is what orange growers need.


More About Soft that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State and I would warmly
Phosphate. estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have recommend its use to the orange growers IB the
The following in regard to soft phosphate' is above, but I am free to admit that he is a better noticed with much interest its effect on my orange State. Yours truly
taken from the Gainesville Sun: judge of such matters than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to something D. GREENLEAF.
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor J. T. Smith, writing from Levy count,says: "I over five hundred trees, and the results have been f I .
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen corn last simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred _
sort of doubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly springin aboutafouracrefieldofcornonaboutan trees received no fertilizing,and the difference
speak of it in the most complimentary average quality of the land. I broadcasted! the between the two fields is something wonderful. CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec.21, 1891.
terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from soft phosphate over the land, after breaking it up On one side every tree started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Com-
Tallahassee,says: well, at about two tons per acre. Then I har growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen
The: soft phosphate referred to in the granulated rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove. The trees which received no appli DEa.YSIR-YOurs: of 17th received. It gives
article containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just commenced to start up. Mr. Me
to state that I have used but
me pleasure
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller, of San nothing
the Belleview Soft thepast
)crude as it comes from the mine. This it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn Mateo, visited my grove a few days since and ex- and I have Phosphate been more on my than grove satisfied
solt phosphate was put upon cotton last year did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest of pressed himself as being very much astonished with year the results. The trees are looking as well
alongside of colton seed as fertilizers,and the result the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it at the growth of the trees where the soft phos
when I used
wa fully, or more than doubles in yield of this year on all my crops." phate had been applied. If you will remember as they fertilizers.Many even have heard expensive of
cotton over the cotton seed, while it gave four the first shipment of Phosphate was made less persons .
times the yield over the same land without any than sixty days since, and until the last few days my experiment their estimation.Very, and your. phosphate has .advanced
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore, of I/eesburg looked JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 12, 18<}1. we have had very little rain. in
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- truly yours,
REV. R. Iiothtarphosphate
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville, Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

; Per ton, U1I..dried, 1.1:1.. Bull, S t5.00

Per ton, jriod, irx JButllt, j0OO

Per ton, Burnt:, Ground and: S O.OlC eCl, $8.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.



In compounding a solution a part was accident!? spilled on the band
and on washing afterward it was discovered that the balr was completely
removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
market and so great has been tbe demand that we are now Introducing;
it throughout the world under the name of Uueen'n Antl-Uafrine,

= == Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a ft>minutrs. and the
hair disappearsa'Ifbymagicva" the slightest pain or injury ben
J7 CKS0N FL applied or ever afterward. It unlike any.other preparation ever used
9 "-_ for a like purpose. Thousand! of LA 1)1 F S \" ho have been annoyed
,--r:=-== with hair on their FACE, NECK and ARMS attest its merits.
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTINGAT ,:.;f.::' .., GENTL"MEN who do not appreciate beard or hair on their neck,
_:: ?_ _: find a priceless boon In Queen' Anti-IIaliiitf which, does away
s*! 5t5S=S5 with shaving, by rendering{ Its future growth an utter impossibility
THE LOWEST RATES. Price of Queen's Antl-Halrfne$1. per bottle sent In safety mailing boxes! postage. paid by us(securely
sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full ndflre written plainly. Correspondence -
!strictly' confidential. This advertisement Is honest and straight! forwArd In every word It
contains, We Invite you to deal with U'I!' and you will find everything M represented CUt this Jut and
Bend to-day.: Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI, O. You can
register your letter' at any Past Office to Insure its safe *4CJI rjJ. n'r-. will pay v.;v- for anT ease
of failure or slightest Injury to any purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed.
-To ladies who introduce and tell among their friend.25 Bottle Qneen'.Antl-Balria.
OrCUIflL wa will present with a BILK DRESS,16 yards best Ilk- Extra Large Bottle and saaplM.tSBBSVHi
t _- WDtTM fpMi f, of Bilk to select from sent with order. Good Salary or Commission to AjenU.

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k Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-wide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
I reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
cured, of from 20 to 30 years' standing, after all Capita} 30000.00
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty _
is reached and the cause removed, fully ex-
plained in circulars, with affidavits and testimonials your old family Bibles; make them at
u of cures from prominent people, mailed REPAIR as new. DaCosta Printing and hb-
f fy
free. lashing House,Jacksonville,Fla.

ere ,,, -- ))r. A. FONT A INK, 19 East 14th St., N. Y.LIGHTNING .
-- ---

rIt U! $5: to $15 per er day, 1el1lDf at

e, ,, I PLATER
aid P1at1DI JevelrywauhesJ
taIIlew..... ... Plate the
finest of Jewelry good u
J new, on all kinds<< of metsJ
? = with gold dim or nickel.
{ No experience. 5o eapitsJ.
Every BOOM has goods n ed.
0 fog plating. Wholesale
afcnu>fi.[ Writ for etren-
!a Ian. 11.Eo DEI.'O datwee
The Manufacture of Blank Books Col.-It..0-

a Specialty. TRUCKING LAND without expensive Clark's Cutaway

machinery or even artesian wells. A black soil, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.I .
r'4SEND' FOR RIOES. several feet in depth, level as a floor free from keep in stock seven styles, cutting in width
timber, which can be flooded by the closing of a from two((2)) to six ((6)) feet at prices from$10.00
gate at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade. to 131.oo. Send for catalogue.
CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Proprietor. For particulars address GEO. W. HASTINGS' ,In* E. S.. HUBBARD Gen. State Agent
terlachen,Fla. Ftdwral roiat,VU.






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{ The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed .' ''_ .,. .. _.
_';;',);: : ": _. : ". !. ..'ff
.. .
follows at Charleston S. C. .. 1" .. .. "' l' r '1"" .
sail .
to calling c. .
as ; !. il ;P !o. J. J't- -
: : : : "' .', .. -t; .: ." ,, h iIIJia"
both :: : -'I.'; "" .- ..
ways : t,11: ', ;.. :f. ... ':k :.
(STANDARD TIME.) : '. '. .
From New York. Front Jacksonville,, "" .......,.". -.;.:'....-.M.V .\" f' ".J.'*.f.. ', .. ,- "'-it. __...' .. .
Florida. ., '> -. ...:Jr.-t .. -
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER ..... .... '- 'i.-':: j .. \ ... {
Friday July 29th at 3 P. )1.......ALGONQUIN,".......Thursday Aug. 4th at IOOP. M "'' : : : :'
Tuesday, Aug. ad, at 3 p. a:.... .... "SEMINOLE:," .... ....Sunday, Aug. 7th, at 2:30P.t :. 1r t:. i / ,,
Aug. stn, at 3 P. M..... .. ." "CHEROKEE: .... Thursday Aug. nth, at 6:3OA. M i -:..... .. / ,J ," .'
Monday, Aug. Sth, at 3 P. .1.... "YEMASSEE," .... ...Sunday, Aug. 14th, at 9:30: A. ai o :' \ >
Wednesday,Aug. loth, at 3 P. M......."ALGONQUIN,".... ....Tuesday Aug. i6th at 11:00 A. M ,
Friday Aug. 12th, at 3 P. M. .. .... SEMINOLE" .... ...Thursday, Aug. i8th at 12:30 p. M v'tr-' '.' .'
Monday Aug. isth at 3 P. .1. .. .. ."IROQUOIS" .. Sunday, Aug. 21St, at 4:00 A. si 0:. ;: ...;..,... ... tit
: Wednesday, Aug. 17th, at 3 P. 2\1.... ...."CHEROKEE,".... ....Tuesday Aug. 23d at 5:00: A. )1 .... "'-'
Friday Au?. igth at 3 P. M. .. ... "YEMASSEE," . Thursday Aug. 25th at 6:30: A. M
:Monday Aug. 22d, at 3 P. M."ALGONQUIN.Sunday, Aug. 28th, at 8:30A.M
i Wednesday Aug. 24th at 3 P. )(... .... 'SE31INOLE.Tuesday, Aug. soth, at 10:00 A. si
Friday, Aug. 26th, at .3 P. M. .. ..."IROQUOIS." .. ...Thursday, Sept. is*, at 11:30 A. >i
Monday, Aug. 29th at 3 P.M..CHEROKEE,"...... Sunday Sept. 4th, at 2oop. M[ ":' ', :;; .. -. .- .
. Wednesday, Aug. 31 st, at 3 P. M........"YEMASSEE," .... Tuesday, Sept. 6th, at 4: oA. ai ..: -- ._ .-' .,-

ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.For Steadier john Gr. Cl11.is1opl1er

Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on IS APPOINTED TO SAIL
the St. Johns River.Stea1':1e1 SATURDAYS P. M. FRIDAYS A. M.
July 30 August 13 and 27 September loand 24 July 22, Augusts and '9. September 2, i6and3o
Everglade October 8 and 22, November 5 and 19. October 14 and 28, November II and 25.
; :
TliixxawuraxbilItaxbrvu built rttprrlnlly for cnrri/ln/ J'rtiit timt Vryftnblf, ami Is
Leaves Jacksonville, Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5 p. '-[.; returning, leaves Sanford. Mondays and perfectly reittilntert. Time betieetn tlfickmntrlUe. uml J\> r York ?'J !urru'x.
Thursdays, at 6 A. si.; Enterprise, 6:30: A. M. W. H. CHRISTOPHER W. A. SOMERVILLE JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER

Steo..rr1e1Vela1 i"a Agent, Jacksonville. Agent New York. Gen'l :Man'r Jacksonville.
Office 154 Maiden Lane.

Leaves Jacksonville Mondays and Thursdays at 5 P. si.; returning leaves Sanford Wednesdaysand !
Saturdays at 6 A. M.; Enterprise, 6:30: A. 1\(. I
General Passenger, and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, I

JOHN L. IIOWAii. Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. and
New York and Philadelphia
F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fla. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, ,
MAKSIIALL:! 'II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York. Boston and Savannah to hours.
,,'. F. OGDEN FAY; Traveling Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York. between 65 70
TiEJ:O. G. KGKIC, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York.J. .
A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla.


12 South Uelaware.n.u', Philadelphia. 5 Howling Green, Xfcw York.ESTABLISHED .

ld *s ci.KG; recites: ** x
18EZ. Between Jacksonville and New York: First-clas,, 25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 43.50
steerage, $12.50.

WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $27.00 ; Intermediate $21.00 ; Excursion $47.30; Steerage $14.25
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


[Central or goo Meridian Time.]

Xacoorhee ........... .................. .................... ...... ....:Monday August ist, 12.00 m.
Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers City of liirmiiigham... .................................. .... \'ednesdayAugust: 3d loJOp.m
City of \uJu..ta. .. .................... ....... . ... ... ....... ..Friday, August 5th, 3.oop.m
Tallahassee.... .. ................................... ....... ......Saturday, August 6th, 4.oop.m
20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE, FLA.I Kansas' City: .. ...... ................................... ...... .....Monday, August 8th, 5.30 p.m
Chattahonchee ...... ..... ............ ...... ..................Wednesday, August loth, 7.oop.m
Xacoorhee. ...... ...... ............ ..... .................. .... ..... Friday, August 12th. 8.00 a.m
HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. City of Kiriuinxhuiii.......... ................................ Saturday, August ijth 9.00 a.m
City of Augusta ...... ............. ........... ................ .. Monday August 15th 11.00 a.m
Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal Pallaliasnee. .... .............. ..................................Wednesday, August 17th, 1.30 p.mJansas
Hay, City.................................................... .....Friday, August igth 3.30 p.m
Jhattahoochee .... .......................................... ......Saturday: August aoth, 4.00 p.m
COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. Varoocliee...... ...... ............ ......:...................... ......DtondayAugust 22d, 6.oop.m
City of Itirmiiigham............. ........... ...... ......... ...Wednesday, August 24th, 6.30 p.m
City of Augusta!' .... ...................... ........ ...... ...... ..... Friday, August 26th, 8.00 a.m
rallahasMee.. ...... .. ................... ...... .....................Saturday, August 27th q.oo a.m
STATE AGENT FOR PURE GROUND BONE, Kansas City ..... ...... ...... ...... ............ .......... ..... ......Monday, August 29th 10.00 a.m
J. E. Tygert&Co.'s Jhattahoochee .... ................ ..... .... .............. .....Wednesday: August 3ist, 12.00 m.

Star Brand Fertilizers, Gate City. .... .......... ............. ...... .... .............. ..... Thursday! August 4th, 2.oop.m
MURIATE OF POTASH City of Macon .................. ........ .......... ............ ...Thursday, August Iith 7.00 a.m
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS late City... ...... .... ............................ .............. ....Thursday, August xSth 2.00p.m
Comprising DACE Liulc SULPHATE POTASH, City of Macon. .. ... .... .... .... .... ...Thursday, August 25th, 7.30a.m


FERTILIZER. (f his: Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Iessoug[ ......... ............ ...... ...... .............. .... .... .......Sunday, July 31 st, 10.00 a.m
These Fertilizers: have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. Ies[ < ouff .. .... .... .... ............ ........ ............ ..........Wednesday, August loth, 6.30 p.m
Dessoufr .... ............ .................. ........ .............. ...Saturday, August 2oth, 4.oop.m .
Iessoug ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... .... ........ .....Tuesday, August soth, 10.30 a.m


-J J Organs, IN UNITED STATES. Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
$35 I Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
On trial la Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes.Tourhom. Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, Hast and Northwest via
i Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
t.for* From REV.J AS. M. POTTS D. D. editor of Michigan B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent W. II. LUCAS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
p. nr for Christian Advocate Detroit.Mich.: "To say thatAde 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville
we are delighted with the Piano does not express R. L. WALKER, Agent. C. G. ANDERSON Agent.
I the fact. We are jubilant If all your instruments New Pier No. 35 North River New York. City Exchange Building:, Savannah, Ca.
Tb T.Swoffer Ss Son Pianos 8: organ, I are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
BEAVER FALLS PA I this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred." L. JAMES Agent 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
D. Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
better with IIASHAGEN
From PROF. E. H. PECK, Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased
General W. E. ARNOLD Gen,. Trav. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville, Fl*.
tbe|casing or tone; quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased the organ. General
W. H. RHETT. ,
"I well pleased with the in respect. It is 306 Washington st., Boston. Agent
From B. D. GRIGGS Adairsville Ga.: am organ every
all you claim it to be." For Tickets apply to S., F. & W. Railway office. 317 Broadway New York.

From Y. !\I. C. A., per T. G. COOLEY, HillsboroN.| C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction.
Every one who has seen it xs very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same."
From BEN. STEELE, Prescot, Ark.: "My family! well pleased ,in every respect with the you need stationery of any kind-paper I I
organ. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder DO pens and ink? If so, send to D*Costa Prut- !ALE SICKLY5lOD
ing and Publishing House, Jacksonville. Fla I

Latest '*. Be to .
ILS CMptr P. U. Uqmid..u a>4 will ipnj 10. Tn,*l'*r Jl*.r.r .i .WI1td&8t....._....E..p.,. .,k. abject SPASMS DoeS llk lr rtnM" w
w.a tk,ut LtUl G.M M4 iiarftU E.*....k epnraw ud American Well Work*,Aurora,III. I lOBUS.B.A.FAHN.aTOCK..Y
8pny..l..J' l. ia u.w rM.AIM.HTM rr Svnnr M tow.nee. e
W.Ml 8m].k.u tt CM r. rwli Qn.m..4 L..4_Fmr U at vk.!.-} attoM. Ct WM D-."rtte$ 11-13S.CAKAI.ST..CHICAGO.ILL. l trar.AMol ... Been 10yeantnu.andnevsr. falls... ,
...,, i:iiD roaca PI1XP(10.1..BrIeMI.A.-.oc:1: kT,1LT. ELM STKXBT. DALLAS.TEXAS. f -rtr &T--" ni-lT-riTt A. tliAUGUST .n g




( -MEFfl TI L IZERS )*-

,Blood and Bone, Ohio ago Bone Meal: ,

JPtxr-o Fine Ground Bono, Dark and Bri lit Cotton* Seed l"Ieal,

An.ixn.a..1 Bono and Potash, Tobacco Sterns,

. Blood, Bono and Potash, Canada Hard 'Voocl Ashes,

Pulverized An.ixn.a..1 Bone, Su.1pha.-te ox Potash, &0.




ObBO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

I President. Vice-President.
By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured<< by the OLD ESTABLISHED
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

CflPITflli $100,000. and RELIABLE FIRM, The



Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.

Banking These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the


: INVITED. Orange, 'Vegetable and::Pineapple Growers of Florida

Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS State
Jas.'P. Taliaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald, Agent,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, 'I
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge. No.8 Bostwick Block.

Catalogue describing our Fertilizer, with prices and testimonials, sent free
upon application.

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,, MKRKAFTER all fowls sent
fl from my yards, by express,
will go at ont half the former
C rates a great wring to my cus
; tomers. This is by special arI I
a : rangement. and is confined to i I Bowker'sI
:t.''I fowls from mjads..
c+ We are the largest breeders ol
:'-- I thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
+ 4 e Come and see our stock or send I
y'' i ,t' _for our illustrated catalogue and .
.r +' .price list of 14 yari ties
Poultry supplies of all kinds. Orange Grower.
Incubators and Brooders, Shell j I
and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters.
Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
Boiled Blood and Bone to make
t hens lay. BRIGHT, FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
\ .
/ EGGS TO HATCH. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of

4.. ? f.- E. W. AMSDEN, both tree and fruit are the results reported by large

Ormond, Fla and experienced planters in Florida who are using
I F Musical Perfection this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the

'' U jASi.. is what you write seek us in about buying a Piano proper time, in the proper form, and in the proper

s Lowest New York Prices proportions,all the elements to bring perfect, healthy

-OF THE I maturity.
and take no other. BOWKER'S VEGETABLE GROWER and BOWKER'S To-

Ask nnr BACCO GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,

__ =- 3lnlclanabout the carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes
mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. BOW
: I
We-are Wholesale Southern Agents 4A ; combination for those requiring these ingredients.

for these celebrated Instruments and you can buy from ua as: I Chemicals at market rates.
easily, cheaply, and safer by mall, as la person. Ask I
LUDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Ga. Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.



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