Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
April 28, 1892
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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Proprietors. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., APRIL 28, 1892. Whole No. 1::io Vol. IV, No. 17.


BLAKE & RIPLEY, Geo. S. Hacker & Son,



-alt, SURE CURE FORltIa1 =
Price of sales furnished CQ c- .
Catalogues weekly ;
on application., De GOD18.o: c ..CQg


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Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Yegetable FOUR NEW W4/TBSMBLONS. -
Prompt return Btenclla on application Meterial.CHARLESTON
t!''III ty'lttt W"pr. trr.t rh-.av Building .

RIVENBURG & CO.; THE DIXIE--The new shipping melon; RUBY GOLD--A seedling with variegated S. C.
PALMER A superior to Kolb's Gem. ;splendid for home use. ,
large native melon dls- THE DELAWARE--The largest melon of
c. S. PALMER THE.VILI1A the Seminole Indians A single melon weighed 129 pounds BENTON & UPSON
1GG Betide Street,yew lor. In South Florida. t and 11 ounces..,. .

SOUTIIERN PRODUCE A SPECIAI.TY. J'llICU: Ten cents per jtaeket, or one packayQ'cacfa'diPT&e. four varieties, thirty cents,
Oranges. Lemons, Pineapples and all other post ht ill.Anyone. H*** -
furs.Fruits etc.and early truck also dried fruits,nuts ordering from this advertisementand mentions this paper will receive a packet of White uACI'\SOf'lVII1I1E, FI1R., .
Gem :Melon,the roo-t prolific one known.
All consignments promptly remitted for. Stencils -
and market reports furnished free. H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Seedsmen and Florists, IRRIGATING
Reference: Bradstreets,and establishe4 mer-
chants and banks of the South. INTERL.A.CI-IEN" T LOIZIr .. .



New, Rare and Elefjnnt 1'lantn. of Urery WHAT ARE THEY? ,

Palms, Orchids Description, Cacti and; Bamboos. T Ventilated Fruit Carriers BOTH

Shade and ornameattl trees and shrubs for Southern Steam and Horse Power.
*-and gardens. Choice exotic plantsfor FOR EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES, AND PLUMS.No. .
greenhouse or conservatory.ORANGE
AND LEMON TREESIn 41-0 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel | No. 34-fG-quart gift crate.
all the leading varieties budded from bearing :No. 43: -i .. one-half Uushel. No. DC-.12- "
a' trees and No.: 30-32- standard crate.
on our own grounds guar- No. C-2. Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass
; anteed true to name.
Send for catalogues prices famples.
the New find Desirable Tropical
Fruits. Our SS page Illustrated and Descriptive{ SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va. Valve, Hose, Etc.
Catalogue for 1891 tells all about these things,and
is sent free to applicants Address
Seven OaKs. --la.



64 and 66 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, Ohio.We fix day" rfirIJer than
} Trade Mark.HOLUS are not connected in any way with any so-called Fruit Auction House. Only actual felling a- one vartav-" tt'd..tabeAgJ'tl'u.t"1 !
ith solicited. REFERFNCES-Mercantile National Bank Gfy Ex. Grounds
CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY prices quoted Correspondence shippers ; at ti npY8.N. Y. Col".
\Vi11Make Win Fdwarls&Co., Wholesale Grocer: Childs Gruff &.Co Wholesale Boots and Shoes; Brad- trtenlsh w lite palpirntier
Hrn !
Will Lay Make Chickens Grow! streets'and R. G. U m&C 1's :Me-c utile \re ici .: "Ohi j Pirmgr CI vc'and. tweet and do
lirlouH. Tljcoblr impetn
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. .t ranks first bolb Ita
This food is strictly fresh meat carefully f = s\L ., S GUI hero most Florist Establishment in U, S. _=;-: '1: >carllQ-vine And scaled i quality.clj wlibur .
cooked, ground fine,seasoned and hermeticallysealed V $ <-, eiert tradeWIt .
ESTABLISHED 1883. >> mark lafe'enU! for
in 8-lb. cans. Being ground fine it can pJ t I
Ud'' |
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as to c q'' Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns, iAu w SIEP"*>>< 'itrv7-*.ONS.rew tanawax,.CLjjFENCINCWIRE
give each fowl an equal share. Price 30 cents l f 1 Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole
per can; $3.00 per dozen. Address IIOLUS 3 a world. Fine illustrated catalogue of Ito pages sent on receipt of loc. Clean
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North healthy: stork Low price"

Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] "aowrnV HE.tSOXER BROS., Oiicco, ,


Giant, Parry's,Jap.1n8 nuts.Japan! Golden .
Russet, Ich.h" and Keiffer Pear }..It'aauu14Lon
ll'e.. ijr Oranges and oth valuable
novelties. Star;. Fruits. Grapes! etc. Fruit, acres devoted to testing new varieties Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million
Shade and Nut tree Ornamental Shrubs Vines, ((250.000))nursery trees of the finest iete varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-92 i:* the most comprehensive
etc. Illustrative Descriptive Catalogue tree. we have ever is ued,and will be mailed free on application. Address
imrTjj B i i mfTrn mm* \mrnm\
l-aS-jm 1'a rry, New PI\RRY.Jtrry. G. I L. TABE1R, Glen St. Mary, Fla. I fr.tvtrala, i.IVLW WOTLI wt>ts rnu tO..W1CAJQS

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It will destroy the SPIDER which is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and

in many cases killing the limbs.It .

will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray.

It will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving th9 t cost of feeding such an enormous
mass insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit.

It will not only prevent th9 oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that can be obtained in no other way.
It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading.
It will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH
giving the trees a healthy appearance.
0", It will, as Mr.. Azline (Axline & Markely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost.




4'J' :. E. :BE AN .JACKSONVILLE, 1LA.r :




[ Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous

nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

injury.This .
insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has
given perfect satisfaction.: References furnished on application.

For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the 'Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees
it is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength viz.: One of
- gallon solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four, sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it
will. also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.

. Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

R Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost. .

McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.


il 1 ? -



: The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S Line
between Havana,
Gainesville Bainbridge River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston Key,and West Ocean and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa: and Sanford:S., P.&W. Ry.between Jacksonville.
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped fastest and Steamship Line between Savannah Philadelphia, Boston and New York and Merchants and Miner
must lines between all in
prompt point Florida and all points North and Northwest.
: Receivers and Shippers Will Profltby
the Following Unparalleled Connections
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via SOUTH nou.n.
Savannah.. Albany Jesup Cambridge and I Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany: Bainbridge,Jesnp

Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast! Line to all Eastern, Interior and and han Savannah and Live Oak to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Calla
Coast points,including New York,
Boston. !
Philadelphia.Baltimore. Washington add .
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Mondays l Wednesdays Fridays and Saturdays. Savannah York(New Pier;\5 North River.)direct for Savannah Monday Wednesday Friday and baturday.
Two connections week for The Boston and Savannah Steamship!' Company'steamers will leave B"ston
a Baltimore via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation May 5,12.19 and 26
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. Company, for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all ,
in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and points I
s,1,19 and 26.Connections. Steamship Company, leaving Savannah May from From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co..leaving Philadelphia May 7,t1,27,every five day I
regular sailing day via New York to
for Philadelphia ten via Savannah.
May 2. 14.aa.Sailing every days Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday. '
days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. making close connection with S.,P.&W.Ry.,for all points in Florida.

.The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best .
freight route from
points North East and West to
For full ,
particulars rates,stencils and
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to shipping
WM. r. HARDKE: Gen'l Freight Agent Savannah, Ga.
C.jD. OWENS,Trafflcla'.1ager. Savannah, Ga. F. B. PAPY Ast. .
Manager Savannah Oa.
J. P. JORDAN Trar. Agent, Qulncy. Gen'l Passenger Agt..Jacksonville, Flm.;

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bor. He replied to our question with ward of the boilers. It would seem the very bottom in a continuous cur-

TFanSpO,1] a. ioIl.. out hesitation that the fruit steamers that the greatest possible amount of! rent, not simply allowed to drift out

from Italy have ventilation facilities air should be forced to enter the be and in superficially through con-

superior to those of the steamers car tween-decks at the bow and traverse venient openings. rfro've
Steamship rying a mixed freight, such as the the whole length of the fruit room.

Theo. G. Eger, traffic managerof steamers of the Clyde line or the To complete the inconsistency, the and aITd.
the Clyde line, has lately published Cunard line. The Italian fruit steamers glass bull's-eyes at the side of the ves-

a letter in The Times-Union, institut- have numerous ventilating pipes sel are to be opened to "assist in ven-

ing some comparisons between the with expanded funnels, and these tilating" the fruit ; whereas the direct Causes of Foot Rot.

John G. Christopher and the Italian reach high above deck, often as highas effect of this would be to allow the air Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

steamers and those of his line. We the smoke-stack, so that they get driven down by the pipes to escape I. Foot rot is not caused by a deficiency

quote the following for comment: the full benefit of the steamers' headway laterally, instead of being forced to of potash in the soil. Prof.

The further statement has been madein in a strong rush of air, and some flow between and among the boxes Hilgard, ot the California Experiment

the circular referred to that oranges have blowers driven by steam, forcinga the entire length of the room before it Station, has stated that the soil of
and lemons from the Mediterranean, Southern California contains almost
constant current of air through the the
could find an exit upward through
over twenty days en route arrive in New exactly one hundred times as much
York in better condition than the Florida fruit. rear pipes.
that of Florida Hitherto
potash as
oranges, which are but three or four THE ALGONQUIN. What, then, is the situation ? A
that State has been much
the and it is claimed that not so
days on ;;
way the invitation of Mr.
Accepting of air
solid bulk boxes
: one stream
this difference is wholly due to want of ; plagued with the disease as Floridahas
ventilation on the Florida steamers. The Eger to the orange growers assembledin admitted at the bow, spreading alongover ; but I notice that in a recent report

writer of the circular could never have Jacksonville, April 20, the writer the bulk, between it and the the Horticultural Commissioners of

seen any of the steamers engaged in the with others visited and inspected the deck, and spilling out through thebull'seyes
San Bernardino "Gum
Mediterranean traffic, otherwise it would Algonquin, a typical steamer of the at the sides of the vessel. : county say: .
not be possible for him to make such a disease or foot rot is developing rapidly
statement. The Mediterranean steamers Clyde line. It is truly a magnificentvessel What ought to be the situation ? The among the trees of our older or-

have practically no ventilation;certainly sumptuously fitted up for the boxes should be tiered up with spacesor orchards and assuming serious
none that could in any way be comparedwith accommodation of tourists and with alleys of a few inches between ; ange "

the ventilation on the steamers of ample storage for lumber, oranges three or four pipes at the bow should proportions.
The fact that both States
the regular lines employed in the Florida 2. are
and cotton. It is also true as Mr. bottomof
force the air down clear 11 the
traffic. The very fact that the Mediter- suffering about equally would seem to
Eger that the boilers are well the the bull's. should be
ranean steamers have to cross the Alantic says room ; eyes indicate that neither an excess nor a
ocean and. encounter transAtlanticstorms bulkheaded so that the oranges are closed, thus forcing the air to sweep deficiency of potash has. anything to
precludes the possibility of giving not heated by them. There is, also a the entire length of the room before it foot .
do in causing rot.
them anything like ventilation which fair supply of ventilating pipes ventilate
very could This would
escape. of the
the A correspondent: Agriculturist
coasting steamers regularly employedin 3.
but reach about five feet
they only box in the room equally, in
the southern traffic have. every lately advanced the theory that
A SIGNIFICANT FACT. above the deck, and the funnels are stead of the few, as at present, which the disease is produced by defoliationor

only about three feet across, while the happen be on top! or the bulk or on
The writer of the circular seems to I loss of branches, the diminished
have omitted to state the simple and con pipes, conveying air down to the men the sides near the bull's eyes. foliage not being able to appropriateand
vincing fact that some of these same in the boiler room reach about ten feet
RUNNING WITH THE WIND. utilize the stores of collectedby
Mediterranean oranges (which are from above deck and have funnels about sap
fifteen to twenty days en route) after five feet in diameter. But probably One thing more : The steamers the roots, which thereupon bursts
passing through the hands of the com coming from Italy have the wind dead through the bark near the roots. This
these would sufficient
mission merchants in New York, are reshipped pipes convey a ahead, which would naturally force explanation, to say the least, is plau-
of air down the
from New York to Florida and amount oranges the air swiftly down through their tall sible and may assist in causing foot
other southern points at certain seasonsof under ordinary circumstances if they
ventilators. But the ships steaming rot sometimes. But we must distinguish .
the year by these very Florida steamers were made to reach clear to the bot-
from Florida New York have the carefully between gumming and
which he claims are unable to prop- tom of each between-decks to
erly care for oranges; and this fruit thereby wind quartering, while those going to freezing. Alter the freeze of '86 many
air to the bottom tiers of
reaches destination in good condition; or- Liverpool would run before the wind. large trees showed patches or long
which simply that the Mediterranean which need it most and forcingout
proves anges
of frozen bark
This would make the throughthe perpendicular strips
draught ,
orange,owing to its inferior quality, the exhalations from the fruit.
will stand transportation and handling I ventilators a feeble one, sometimes where the sap turned sour as soon
But right here is the deficiency, in our
that would ruin the superior Florida wholly lacking. If the exigencies of as the weather became warm, and the
the terminate
. orange. It is about as absurd to makea opinion; pipes just under the traffic should demand a steady area. of sourness couinually widened
comparison between the superior facil- each floor or deck, so that the lower
draught of air through the fruit, it itself in every direction, threateningthe
ities for the transportation of oranges tiers of boxes stand in stagnant air,
would seem that this deficiency might life of the tree until with a sharp
offered by the steamers of the regular practically not ventilated at all, for the
Florida lines and the small steamer inI I stowed have to be supplemented by the use knife the bark was cut back all. around
boxes are so close that it would
question, or the Mediterranean fruit of blowers. into perfectly sound tissue. But this

steamers as to compare the magnificentand take a powerful current of air to force I The above criticisms are not made was not foot rot and never turned into
luscious Florida orange, tender and its way between them even in driblets.A .
all but offered in foot rot.
captiously at are
consequently) perishable as it is, with the I
SIDE.DRAFT. invitation of Mr. Another view which I have held
inferior and tough product of Italy, I I pursuance of the 4.
which will stand any sort of rough usage I Another point : As the courteous : Eger and his" guarantee that any suggestions and which I am not yet ready to aban-

is picked green and bears being confined second officer, Mr. W. L. Lockwood, emanating from the orange don, is, that foot rot is caused by alidebound
for three or four weeks in the hold of receive the careful or more properly a bark-
pointed out, oranges are given the growers would con ,
either vessel
a or sailing and
comes out sound; while no Florida' fruit preference on the steamer, that is, sideration of his company. They are bound condition of the tree. The

would stand even three or four days of they are stowed as much as possible i the criticisms of a landsman, it is true, sweet tree is an erratic and spasmodic

such treatment. forward of the boilers and are not put but the writer of them has had several! grower. Oftentimes a tree will stand

During his recent visit to Floridawe down into the hold if it can be avoided. years' experience as a shipper of fruitin still for a considerable time, then all at

caned the attention of Mr. Horace This is all very well, but with an inconsistency all kinds of refrigerating and ven- once it will throw out a single powerful -

W. Day to this letter. Mr. Day is a which is unaccountable to tilating cars, boxes, etc., and the shoot, generally a water sprout

member of the firm of Sgobel & Day, a landsman, there are more ventilating essential principles of ventilation are running right up through the tree, and

of New York, and has been engagedin pipes abaft the boilers, where the the same on sea as on, land. this will make a growth of six, eight,

the fruit business for twenty-five lumber and freight are. than there are Large masses of fruit in a warm, even ten feet in a single season; and

years, during which time he has seen forward where the oranges are. There humid climate must be ventilated nearly or quite all the growing that

about all the fruit-carrying steamers i is only one pipe in the extreme bow I actively, not passively ; that is, the the tree does will be in that one

that have entered the New York har of the vessel and two more just for air must be forced through it down to overgrown sprout. Every observing





grower has noticed that many sweet long, cold, desiccating winds of winter I phates, when the proportions of the CULTURE OF THE ORCHARD. A
seedlings in a grove have a tendencyto and the sap cannot start readily ash ol the orange are considered, thatis common mistake made by many who

grow unsymmetrical, lopsided, one And my observation is that gumminggum a little higher percentage of potash plant an orchard of young peach
strong branch monopolizing nearly all is the matrix or nidus of the than of ammonia and phosphoric acid trees is to set them out either in a

the sap and vitality of the tree for a ", genuine foot rot-is most prevalent at combined, and phosphoric acid in the grass sod or in hard ground where

season or two, then giving way to that season. After the rainy season proportion of three to two of sulphateof they receive little or no cultivationof

some newcomer which in like manner has mellowed' up the trees, rendering ammonia, and kept well back from the soil. Three neighbors, some
usurps the life of the tree lor a while.I the bark loose and free, there is a the trees, there would be no foot,rot. years ago, planted each an orchardof

, do not say that the sweet seedling measurable cessation of gumming, The tree should be kept bare, free a hundred trees. One of them

necessarily grows this way,; indeed, J 1 although the active spread of the from soil, around the collar, so that I was very particular to procure handsome -
believe that this onesided, erratic way virus of foot rot-which i is the second- oxidation can readily take place and j trees of the nursery-man. He
of growing is the result of abnormal ary stage of the malady-may still prevent the ferments, to which thereis set them out in a young clover field.
conditions in the surroundings and continue without check. a tendency from the excretions of I The second man took cheaper treesor

nutrition of the tree. Again, if this theory is true, the tree.I culls, and planted them in a potato

Consider the orange tree in a state growers should, preserve 'enough for- have seen sour stocks with foot- field. The third man set out his
of nature. It loves a damp soil anda est trees in the grove to afford a par- rot. The first case I ever saw in orchard one-half in a winter wheat

partial shade-some still, deep glenin tial shade to the orange trees. The Orange county was seventeen years field, and the other half in potatoes.

the forest, where the scattered trees tree should be fertilized enough to ago south ot Orlando, on a sour 7/te result: The first orchard-in
towering far above it preserve that form a thick head to shade the limbs stock. I believe in work, and in the clover-was choked}. the rank clover,

humid, semi-tropical calm which favors and trunk and keep the bark mellow dignity of honest work ; it is most en- which was allowed nee growth, and

the growth of the perfect orange, the and yielding; the lower limbs shouldnot noblingpractical everyday work of only three trees were alive the second

kid glove peel, steeped soft and silky be pruned away high enough to the hands, but I do believe in science year. The second man kept his ground
and thin in the mellowing vapors. permit the sun to shine on the trunk; I and in proving its laws.If I clean and mellow among the potatoes
Here the leaves of the citrus have and if the latter happens to be some- the leaves for any reason are all his trees lived, and afterwards gave

that matchless luster never seen what tall and stilted, it may be loosely rendered incapable of doing their handsome crops of Early York, Barn-

in the pinewoods grove; the bark on wrapped with moss or gunny sacks, work, that is, of breathing and in a ard, Crawford, and other red-cheeked

every limb and even on the largest summer as well as winter, with advan way vitalizing the sap, or preventedfrom specimens. Equally successful was the
trunk is soft and yielding; it gives tage.I digesting the elements we use to third man with his trees among
room to the flow of the sap, the believe profoundly that foot rot is fertilize or feed the tree, stagnationmust potatoes, making a growth the first
slightest impulse of the life giving a constitutional disease and must receive take place and ferments and i year a loot and a half to two feet long;

current is (felt; when the tree grows at constitutional treatment. Of I microbes and fungoid growths, and but the trees in wheat grew only about
when it makes its that is be the collarof three inches. The soil stirredin
all it grows all over. course, appearance, stagnation apt to at was not
it has to be treated locally. But every the tree. the grain once through the season.
Now consider the tree
same trans-
wise physician knows that an ounce of In the spring you may cut and hack --.. -
planted into a hot, unshaded, leafless
is worth of and the will Orange Treo Wilt.
prevention a pound cure. pretty severely, tree
of sand. In directionthe
expanse every RECAPITULATION.I stand the shock, but in that flood flow Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
scorching of the sun beat
rays of sap which takes place in midsummer A new disease (Ito us at least) has
upon it, penetrate into it, are reflected think we may set down three
every leaf is needed. The God appeared in an orange grove near here,
back upon it from the ground. In the causes of foot rot : i. Loss of leavesor
of Nature them there for and I write to some informa-
put a pur- you get
the and loss of ,
parching tree rapidly tops consequent powerto
tion about it and the if
pose. always hesitate to take offshoots remedy, any.
sweats away its juices in an invisible elaborate sap. 2. Too much nitro-
which come up at the base of The grove is about eighteen or
exhalation. The tree soon becomes genous fertilizer, creating an excess of
hard the tree then. In not a few groves twenty years old, seedlings, on high
bark-bound "hide-bound, Mr. Hub- sap. 3. A unyielding ,
there are still not enough leaves since hammock land, and has had good
bard prefers to call it-the bark on a caused by sunburn and drying winds.
the; freeze of 1886 ; and there shouldbe care and plenty of feed, having received -
tree of some age, especially on the D.
Hillsboro County. a very good reason (which I do not a barrel of hardwood ashes to
trunk becomes dry hard and unyielding
+-+-i believe often exists) for cutting out the tree last season, and it bore a good
as an iron pot. The roots cannot, -
Prevention of Foot-Rot.
water in midsummer. I do
of course, collect sap as fast as they Editor Farmer and Fi uit-Grower crop.This
: lot like a rank growth in midsummer. winter several of; the trees
would in the damp, spongy soil of a Some I out
years ago put some OBSERVER.Peach wilted and put on no spring growthand
hammock; still they are able to collect bushes under tree that .
guava a beganto i i but little bloom and some of the
and send it upward faster than the
and under tree Culture.
ooze gum some a limbs are dying. The owner dug up
stiff, dry bark clinging close to the standing within fifteen feet of where BEST CROPS AMONG THE TREES.- one tree about nine to ten inches in

wood will allow it to pass. (Observe, my horses stand and have stood for The ground should be made clean diameter. The roots, both side and

I do not here enter into any contro- many years. I have not been sur- and mellow by plowing and harrowing tap roots, looked perfectly healthy,
versy as to whether sap ascends by that the which I knew before the
prised tree, setting trees, to save until he cut off the tap root about two
circulation or by osmose or how.) would inevitably go with die back if labor afterwards. When the wintersare feet below the surface, when he founda
The upshot of all is that the sap has not helped, is today a most vigorous not very cold and stormy, trees : hole in the center or heart onefourthof

to burst through the bark near the orange tree and very fruitful, but the may be set in autumn; otherwise in I an inch in diameter. He traced it
base of the tree. The native Florid-
are coarse. spring. The ground be
oranges may kept up to the crown where it had followedthe
ian gives temporary relief to this bark- The excess of nitrogen was taken clean and mellow without any other hearts of lateral roots only a few

bound condition by making long up by those guava bushes and the crop, but most owners will prefer inches from the center of the tree in
slashes down the trunk from the trunk was so shaded that the free- some hoed crop between the rows of all directions, but he could not find

branches to the ground.If flowing, starchy sap did not get heated peach trees. Corn is one of the best, the borer. ;Ie then dug down about
this theory is correct, trees shouldnot enough to start fermentation. The providtd it is kept well cultivated. three feet under another large tree and

be trimmed high; their lower limbs top} has been sprayed regularly to keep Potatoes are nearly as good; and beans took out a section of the tap root and

should be retained to shade the trunks. down an army of enemies which would next, although they tend to exhaust found it in the same condition, that is,
- One summer I kept gunny sacks all thrive on leaves made of such ele- the soil of its strength. No sowed or a hole passing through it.

summer wrapped loosely around the ments. Under that particular tree, broadcasted crop should ever go in ; As Mr.[ Hubbard does not speak of
trunks of certain trees that had been too, with its thicket of bushes, is a I a grass pasture is worse ; and dense any such enemy I write to see if thereis
trimmed so high as to leave them exposed -:I favorite place for my chickens and clover worst of all. This thorough I a known remedy for same.
to the sun. I had to watch ; turkeys to rest in the heat of mid treatment should continue: year after I M. H. PORTER.
them lor wood lice, but the sacking: I summer, when the sun is too hot for year; and as the trees grow large and Kissitnmec, Fla.

kept the bark soft and loose and free, them to forage. Under the tree which bear crops and shade the ground, I This mysterious disease is now under -
and the trees grew ui.iformly all over. had a tendency to bleed the bleeding there will be less reason for introducing investigation by the U. S. Depart-

The bark expanded} readily under the stopped as the guava bushes thrived. crops between the rows. The I, ment of Agriculture, the expert,.1-lr.
pressure of the ascending sap, and Again, I have doubled the am- owner must adapt his treatment to the \V. T. Swingle, being here for that
there was not a touch of bark bind. monia in my fertilizer applied the last condition of the orchard ; for if the purpose. Very little is known aboutit.

Whether this treatment would have of April and early in May and put it trees grow much less than one foot The borer was probably not the

prevented ton ro: I cannot say; I be around a few trees within a radius not in their annual shoots, they will need cause of it in the trees you mention.
lieve it would if the trees had been extending beyond the outer branches. ome aid besides the annual cultiva- \Ve have had trees affected with the

continuously well treated otherwise. I I Invariably, if there was sufficient rainfall tion. On such soils as require wood wilt dug up in our own grove and
If this theory is true, we should ex- to set free the elements applied ashes, they will be benefited with 30or found them sound to the core in the
pect to see foot rot prevalent in the I I"about August i, you could find gum 40 bushels or more broadcast; on trunk, tap root and laterals. On the
spring after the heads of the trees I 1 exuding.. I do not hesitate to put on other soils barn manure will be best, other hand, borers have started sev-
have been .stiffened and dried by the :[;record that a fertilizer made of sul- and so with other fertilizers. eral feet above ground in some deadV


- -


branch and followed the center of the trees, with a home-made compost of soft We do not advise summer pruning
trunk clear down to the ground with phosphate, muck, cow-lot manure anda Tl\e\ Yine aFd. further than pinching off or rubbingout

out doing the tree any apparent injury.If little sulphate of potash, has raised ,.., ...... -- ... weak and useless laterals and
any reader can give our correspondent good crops of celery, strawberries, Edited by E. DUBOIS.- -Tallahassee. Fla. shoots. Leaves are the laboratoriesof
any information, we hopehe beans, etc., making a living as he goes In tno Drouth Prepare for Floods. the growing vine, in which is perfected
will do so. along and at the same time inducinga i the food which produces the
>-o-< thrifty growth on his trees. We The very severe and protracted growth of both wood and fruit. Se-
Mixed Grove Culture. published his formula some time ago, drouth now prevailing nearly all over vere summer pruning, removing: a.
the State is certain have
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: but could give it again if desired. to a reaction large amount of foliage, weakens the
Being a new hand in the Florida The logheaps and brushpiles, no sooner or later, and the uncommon vine, reduces the size of the fruit, retards -
fruit business, I wish to ask a few doubt, would have supplied a quantityof shortage in precipitation which Florida its ripening and checks the
questions : fertilizer for the trees in time; and has witnessed: for three years will be growth of the root. Where more than
I am cultivating an orange grove, where a man does not want the use of followed by floods. Those floods can one shoot starts from a bud it is wellto
and if nice green healthy looking trees the land between the trees he can get not, in the nature of things, be much rub off the weaker one before it is
are any criterion I am making a suc- a grove started cheaply in this man- longer delayed. We fear many vine- more than two to six inches long.
cess, and this year they are just full of! ner. But they would prevent cultivation -. yards have been recently planted in When particularly fine clusters are desired -
fruit.I for the most part, and a man Florida on lands which, while they the ends of the canes may be
am putting out a new mixed ot ingenuity and resources would pre- may promise an illusory security from pinched off and stopped when growthhas
grove, oranges, pears, peaches, plums fer to get them out of the way and I floods and an exemption from the progressed to four or five leaves
is evils of drouth, will, in the near futureof from the last cluster thereafterthe
and persimmons. Now this grove get some crops to growing that would and
being put in virgin hammock land just amount to something more than rotten heavy rains which is certain to ends of all laterals pinched off as
cleared of the oak and hickory timber, wood.-ED. arrive, suffer irretrievable losses. Fore soon as one or two leaves are formed.
warned is forearmed. Now is an excellent -
-- -
vines, etc., of all kinds that were just Superfluous suckers that start below
about as thick as they could stand. Tea Culture in the South. time to dig drains in anticipation the crown of the vine should be brokenout

All this was cut off close to the i. We were very much interested in of need. O I before much growth has taken
ground, piled and burned up. Of visiting Dr. Shepard's tea gardens at Vineyards Badly Damaged.The place.
course the sprouts came thick and Summerville twenty-two miles from vineyards in Alsace-Lorraine. The foregoing is well worth pre-
fast ; these were all listed in with hoes, Charleston Here Gen. Le Due, when nearly suffered the same fate as the i serving, as a condensed grape growing
and when they came a second time Commissioner of Agriculture, began I vineyards in France. From mild manual, by those not well experiencedin
they were bedded in and sweet some experiments in tea culture, weather the temperature suddenly the calling.Vineyardist.
potatoes put out. The ground was which his short term of office left no below .0.
dropped to seven degrees zero.
kept well sprouted and when the time to complete, and which his successor Enormous damage was done in the Peach Rosette.
potatoes were well matured they were abandoned. Dr: Shepard has vicinity of Straslmrg but the vine- This formidable disease of the peachis
with hoe arid fork the bought the old plantation -
carefully dug government
growers in the Kollman district announce fully described and figured in Prof.E.
vines! covered over and all the roots and has plan ed a large additionalarea. that followed
The old the great success F. Smith's able and copious report
possible cut so there was very little trees planted by their burning of tar in the vicinity ot
sprouting the second year. All the I Agricultural Department have been the vineyards. The fires caused the I issued by the Department of Agricult-
trees put out are growing finely. given over to seed bearing, and now temperature to rise and the result was I ure. It seems to occupy the groundin
Now, I have five acres more just nurseries are being started from these that all their vines and fruit trees were the South that the yellows covers
cleared and ready to list, but what I and from imported seed. The new saved. through the North and in the Central
believe to be good :authority: says : tea gardens are all planted with the ---j0--- States, but it is more speedy in its
Of course you have about cleared Assam hybrid tea, but the doctor has The Scuppernong for Wine. work of destruction. It is equallyfatal
your land of stumps so you can plowit orders abroad for seed of all the best To a casual observer it seems a little to budded trees and seedlings: ,
but you have also about clearedit sorts from China, Japan and the Hima- singular that such fine opportunitiesas cultivated, uncultivated and wild. It
of potash and such other food as laya region. His tea has been pro are here presented for grape growing takes the Wild Goose and other wild
your trees need.Is nounced very superior by experts. and wine making have hitherto plums. It runs its course in about
that really true ? and if so, what The well cultivated gardens and the been neglected. They ire now be six months, and does not linger.
other crop shall I put in to subdue thrifty plants showed that the tea ginning to attract attention. The Commonly, it first appears in early
the land ? I dare not sow cow-peas plant is perfectly at home there. Scuppernong grape is at home here spring. The leaves form compact
for root knot in sand is the objection. That a high quality of tea can be and makes an excellent wine, which tufts or rosettes, ;urn yellow in early
easily made in North and South Carolina -I sells for dollar and dollars
But we surely must put in somethingto one two a summer and afterwards fall. Theydo
seems evident. Before going to Captain T. Hanson afford shade hide
pay for cultivation, as it is an up gallon. near not enough to
hill job to simply keep it sprouted and South Carolina: we visited a planta- here has a small vineyard of it. From the branches, and the tufts are conspicuous -
hoed for the trees alone ; and one or tion of tea made over thirty years ago less than one fourth of an acre he and may be seen at a long
two crops might be raised to pay for near Fayetteville! North Carolina. realizes annually about $600. This distance. They drop their fruit early ;
cultivation while the trees are growing.In We found the tea bushes strugglingfor vine starts to grow so late in the spring it is small, green and more or less
existence in a thicket of pine I that it is frost. It has
a mixed grove in two or at most never impaired by shriveled It has occurred abundantlyin
three years we commence getting returns laurel, cherry and all manner of wild no disease, trims itself and only needsto Northern Georgia, but not in South
from fruit and can then afford to growth.It be kept up from the ground to and North Carolina. If differs from
cultivate and fertilize. has had no culture whatever, yield an abundant crop. It is very the yellows in the absence of pre-
DR. JNO. W. DEAVER. since the war, and yet from these prolific.-Ocean Springs letter in maturely-ripening fruit, and in a less
Verona, Fla. trees the old lady who owned them Western Rural. tendency to develop slender shoots
Some of the best growers in the gave me a large bundle of tea of re .. from the large limbs. It is virulently
State are in favor of piling all the tree markably fine quality, which a New Timely Notes. contagious. Examination is of course
trunks and brushwood in windrows York dealer who tested it at the hotel The second year no fruit ought to the only remedy"WOIZTII
between the rows of trees to rot down I pronounced worth one dollar per I remain on the vines. The third year
for fertilizer. You have burned up pound at wholc s1Ie. The ridicule r strong vines with good culture ought ........................
all this; still we do not think you need with which the northern press treated I to produce three or four pounds each, i A GUI CA A BOX."
be alarmed. The potash is all there General Le Due's experiments caused and following year a full crop. But C
yet, in the ashes, unless this has been the abandonment of systematic effort vines of weaker growth will not do ijpl 4l.
washed away by the rains. I I in this direction, but it does look as this. Care must be taken not to allow
If you must have the use of the though a new money crop of great the vine tc overbear, or it may be injured
land, you may, by judicious fertilizingand value might be added to the South, so as to never recover. Threeto complPwJ I
cultivation, obtain profitable crops and I am glad to record the fact that four tons per acre is a full: average general re
and yet leave the land finally for the Dr. Shepard is giving the matter a. crop for the strongest growers, al quest'8EECHA1U'S PILLS
use of the trees in an improved con- thorough; test. I hope this work maybe though good vineyards often produce in future for the United *Swill
crowned with successful results.W. without five o"r six tons
dition.'e hesitate to advise you ; injury per acre. States be covered with
what crops to grow because we know F. MASSEY, in American Garden. The less the number of clusters this
nothing of your markets or advan Some years ago a. tea. plantationwas weight can be put into the more satis A Tasteless and
tages. But you could, under the set near Lawtey, of this State. It factory will be the money return from Soluble Coating, *
proper conditions, raise strawberries, has been neglected of late, but the the crop. Hence it i; well to thin the completely disguising; the SIt
celery, cabbages, lettuce, onions or bushes show that they are suited with fruit, picking off the smallest and taste of the Pill without in any'$
perhaps other vegetables. We havein the soil and climate.-ED. poorest clusters. There is always a way impairing its efficacy.
mind an industrious neighbor who, demand for strictly fine fruit at good Price 2; cents a Box.
Indigestion. Dizziness. Take BEECHAU'SPILLS. New York Depot 365 Canal Street. ..
between his young orange and pear prices. .114



,.. .

JI'l tf a possibility of injury to the consumerof then it is no longer a hay that amountsto It is undoubtedly a fact that the
FJ1 ] ER ] ER
.. the fruit. A mathematical COIn- anything.Last growers who spend most of the time
putation will quickly show that where : season we cut it at several during the shipping season in solicit
Abeolute Harmlessness of Arsenic is used in the and found that the best and
the poison proportionof stages we ing consignments lose more money by

Insecticides.The one pound to 200 gallons of water believe the right, time is just as it begins neglecting their crops than they make

Government issues now and (the customary proportion) the arsenic to bloom; then it is from two and by their small commissions. But if \

then a "Farmers' Bulletin" which will be so distributed through the one-half to three feet in height if we must have drummers among us it

contains the latest scientific information water that it will be impossible fora growing on a tolerable rich soil. The is better to have residents than special \

in popular phrasing. From No. 7 sufficient quantity to collect cutting done at this height was done agents sent down from the North.-

we extract the following: upon any given apple to have the with a scythe, and we left from six to [Eo. .

The only insecticide sprays whichare slightest injurious eRect upon the con- ten inches of stubble, finding that the -- *.S
Uniform .
at all dangerous to use are the sumer. In fact, such a computationwill lower to the ground the more woody Packages.Editor
Farmer and Fruit Grower
arsenic compounds, and even here indicate beyond all peradventurethat and tough the stalks were. By this Your esteemed favor at hand and
the danger is greatly exaggerated by it will be necessary for an individual method it looks very much like cloverin
thankful for the interest
those not conversant with the facts. to consume several barrels of every shape and form, and it smellsso. we are you
take in the matter of the standard
Paris green and London purple have apples at a single meal in order to The leaves do not drop off at all,
and have before
for many years been extensively used absorb a fatal dose even should this but the later cuttings drop their leaves package, brought same
member of the committee
in this country as insecticides and a enormous meal be eaten soon after to a certain extent and the very latest one ,
but it is too late now to do anythingfor
case of fatal poisoning from their use the spraying and should the consumereat shed their leaves largely after thor

as such has never been substantiated.The the entire fruit. oughly cured and were of but little or I this season, as to make any changenow
would confuse the
only danger lies in having the In the line of actual expel iment as no value.In I only growers.
The commission
poison about a farm or plantation in indicating the very finely divided our judgment the reason why the men are not so anx
ious to have with
bulk. In the early days of the use of state of the poison and the extremelysmall early cutting did not shed its leaveswas a package exactly a
strict have
Paris green against the Colorado potato quantity which is used to each because we did not allow it to lay measurement, as they are to
of from all
beetle a great deal of oppositiontvas tree Prof. A. J. Cook, of the Michigan broadcast as with oats or crabgrass.Not uniformity the South.In .packages partsof

developed on account of the sup Agricultural College, has conducted over one hour elapsed after it was
it is
to tomatoes
posed danger, and .only recently the some striking experiments. A cut before it was placed under cover evident regard that the box prescribed, by very the

sale of American apples in Englandhas thick paper was placed under an appletree and there allowed to cure, and no
Association is too large and not a good
received a set-back owing to the which was thoroughly sprayed on mold was noticeable whatever.As .
carrier but the Grand Island shipperswho
supposed danger of arsenic poisoningfrom a windy day so that the dripping was, a fertilizer I believe it is most ( have, given this matter a
their consumption. The question rather excessive. After the drippinghad excellent. Combined with cowpeas great
deal of and know
thought as
as to whether arsenic may be ceased, the paper (covering a there is nothing better. confine their trucking,business you almost,

absorbed by the growing plant in any space of seventy-two square feet) was Instead of sending off for high priced entirely to the raising of tomatoes)
degree was long ago settled in the analyzed and four-tenths of a grain of fertilizers more beggarweed should be ,
have crate that
adopted a they
negative by the best chemists in the arsenic was found. Another tree was grown on played out land, for it will are
satisfied will be a good carrier and
Dr. William McMurtrie and on most soil but not as ,
country. thoroughly sprayed subsequentlythe i grow any will also meet the wants of the trade
formerly chemist of this Department, grass and clover beneath it was large as on a rich bottom.
here. They to make their
in showed that where Paris and fed horse with- This intend propose
1878 even carefully cut to a year we to sow quite a
,crates 8x14x2 fa the size of the stand
green was applied to the soil in such out the slightest sign of injury. .lot just before the rainy season sets in. ;
ard is 8j.XI( You will see that
quantities as to cause the wilting or 0 We do not expect great returns, but
the Grand Island crate is a little smaller. -
death of the plants, the most rigorous Farmers as Fertilizsr Manufacturers. the seeds will scatter manure over the
If they are satisfied that this is a
chemical analysis could detect no ." soil at the same time, and the land
good carrying crate and are willing to
arsenic in the composition of the Chamberlain will be set.
Mr. W. C. for many thickly
adopt it, there is no reason why it
plants themselves. Other experimentsin years the secretary of the Ohio State Stop buying Northern hay and grow should not answer for a tomato crate

a similar direction by Prof. R. C. Board of Agriculture, and still one of boggarweed, the red clover of Middle all over the State, and the Fruit and

Kedzie, of the Michigan Agricultural the foremost practical farmers of that Florida.-Floridian. Produce Association of New York are

College, confirmed the conclusions.It State, in a* lecture once said that, perfectly willing to let them use that

is safe, then, to assume that the after an experience of several years, A Growing Evil. crate in preference to the standard

only way in which fruits or vegetablescan he did not find that it paid him to Editor Farmer ami Fruit-Growcr prescribed by them.

convey the poison) to the con- purchase chemicals and attempt to mix A fruit commission merchant who We are very glad that this matter

sumer will be through the very minute up commercial fertilizers for himself. was called on a few days ago by a has come up, and another season, if

quantity of arsenic left upon the edible Mr. E. S. Hubbard, one of the lead- leading grower and shipper from there is any dissatisfaction among ship-

part of the plant. Against the possi. ing orange growers of Florida, had a Humbolt. Tenn., admitted that he did pers as to a standard package, we shall

bility of such an effect the followingfacts similar experience. He says : not know of a single grower of any be happy to present the matter to the

may be urged: For several years I have used sulphate prominence or influence at his place I Association, and they will then make

It would seem at first glance that as orange tree fertilizer, the who did not represent from one to I any changes that they may consider

the use of an arsenical poison upon a best materials for the purpose being several commission houses, many of advisable to meet the wants of all con-

plant like the cabbage would be very sulphate of :ammonia, dissolved bone- them having a house in each leading cerned.In .

unsafe to recommend, yet Paris green black and 50 per cent. sulphate of market, and whether they did any regard to peaches, we do not intend -

and London purple are used upon this potash, which is about one half sulphate work or remained idle they drew their this standard package to applyto

crop to kill the several species of leaf- of magnesia. These materials, commissions just the same, so that them, as peaches from Florida are,

eating worms which are so destruc- though highest in cost per unit, are scarcely a package was shipped that as a rule, shipped in a small narrow

tive to it, and an absolute absence of freest from injurious compounds and did not yield them something, whether box, which is preferred here to the

all danger where the application has cheapest in the end. I have boughtand any effort was or was not made to secure large crates. Strawberries, of course,

been properly made has been recently mixed the materials, thus saving it. Growers object to solicitors, will be shipped in quarts as hereto

shown by Prof. Gillette, of the Agri-- about $5 per ton. But they usually yet this statement discloses a feature fore.

cultural Experiment Station of Colo arrive in a lumpy condition and I have who the solicitor is going to be. They PALMER, RIVENBURG & Co.

rado by the following rcditclio ad ab- concluded that it is more than worth evidently approve of it when they fill New York. '

surditm: the difference, to buy the goods as a the position themselves. An experi- a <

Where the green is dusted complete fertilizer, from a first-class enced receiver says that you can't geta Poisoning the Mole.

from a bag in the proportion of one ounce manufacturer, who thoroughly mixes package now, outside of a few iso- I have never had success in poison
of the poison to 100 ounces of flour and
just enough applied to each head to make and regrinds to the finest mechanical lated spots, without paying somebody ing moles, and would prefer traps.

4 '' a slight show of dust on the leaves, say, condition. nearly half the commissions chargedfor Some recommend soaking sweet corn
for twenty-eight heads of cabbage: one > pi selling it. In fact, the increasedcost in an arsenical solution and putting it

ounce of mixture, the worms will all be Something About Beggarweed. of securing shipments of every in the runs; I greatly doubt that you

killed in the course of two or three days, Having made some tests with this thing, together with constantly increasing can get the animals to eat it. Success

while the average amount of poison on weed we know it\ is most excellent in help, rent and would be more likely if small piecesof
each head will be about one-seventh of a expenses
grain. Fully one-half of the powder will feed for all kinds of stock, but one the many new calls inseparable from fresh, raw, lean beef, dosed with

fall on the outside leaves and on the great trouble, so many do not seem to : the business, forces upon the reader a strychnine in minute quantities, are
ground, and thus an individual will have know when to cut. It will raise'I rather gloomy outlook for the placed in the runs.-T. GREINER.
to"eat about twenty-eight heads of cab- average .
itself after the land is once seeded and I dealer since he cannot increase his Q 4
bage in order to consume a poisonousdose M. E. Gillett the well-known
cultivated late about the Mr. ,
not too
of arsenic, even if the balance of commissions or charges for doing anything -
the poison remained after cooking.In middle of June.It in his line of business.P. nurseryman of South Lake Weir, is

case of spraying apple orchardsfor is really a hay if it does grow up M. making preparations to bud lemons

the codling-moth there is scarcely in the air.: When high up in the air LoWs. extensively for his California trade.




A GREAT TOBACCO ENTER- While the growing of tobacco is Soja Bean. fI pia!!}'.

I PRISE. carried on so extensively, the manu It is a kind of bush bean, of strong,

facture of cigars represents the princi
. upright growth, with numerous small Stingless Bees.
The Owl Cigar Company. pal business of the company, and this Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
This part of the work is entirely confinedto pods which contain small, bean-like A few there went the
has expended nearly years ago
company the town of Quincy.Our seeds. I had some that were black the of
rounds of press a description
its businessin
$300000 establishing and others of kind of drab. The
public minded citizens sub a stingless honey bee. If you know

Gadsden county and a short outlineof scribed the funds to purchase a fine plant is quite moderate in its require anything of such variety of bees,

the work will be interesting. In tract of land containing eleven acres ments and seems to succeed well on please tell something about it through

round numbers, the Owl Cigar Company in the northern part of the town, and rather poor soil. I think it can be your columns. M. E. M.
this elevated site commanding a Orange BendANSWER
on ,
has purchased a little over 13-
magnificent view of the: surrounding grown manure and thus be [ BY j. u. LA MONTAGNE,

ooo acres of land in Gadsden county, country, the factories are located. used to improve poor soils. The J Japanese WINTER PARK.]

and has seven large plantations 'fully The finest cigars are made in a large use the bean in the preparationof The stingless bee which is found in

equipped for the cultivation of tobacco building 124 by 124 feet, which is a popular national dish. We did Southern Mexico and in some parts of

which is carried on in a systematicway built in the shape of a Maltese cross, not like the taste of the bean when Central America belongs to the familyof

to a greater extent than has ever and the arrangements for ventilationand cooked like ordinary field bean; but I Neli oozes and is sometimes called

been undertaken in this country under lighting are as nearly perfect as it think there are probably ways to pre trigone. .

one management. is possible to make them. The medium pare it which would render it palata Mr. Hamet, of Paris, introduced
Four of tobacco have been of turned out them but died after their
crops produced grade cigars are be.'hile! few domestic animals can they soon

and marketed, and each year in a two-story building ibo by 90 feet be induced to eat ordinary beans, I arrival.

the harvest has been increased and in size, which is just north of the first found that fowls of every descriptionwill Mr. Drury, of Bordeaux, succeededin

improvements made in various ways factory.( This building has a large eat them quite readily. Alto keeping a colony of stingless bees

in the curing and manipulation of the cellar for the storage of fine tobacco, gether, I consider this bean (Sofa his for a short time, but in spite of the

tobacco, until this work hes been reduced and an elevator runs to the third floor, pida, as the botanists call it) well mild climate in which they were, they

to a degree of perfection thatis where the stripping and drying of tobacco worthy of general trial. A numberof also failed.

simply admirable. The companyowns is carried on. our seedsmen catalogue; the seed.It Mrs.\ Bingham, of Michigan, and

the (following plantations : Midway between the two buildings, is easily grown. Plant it as you Mr. Root, of Ohio, imported some

-T,a Violetta containing..........2,720 acres a boiler house is located, where a 30 would ordinary bush beans. Have the I colonies, but they all died when cold

........... u
Santa Clara, weather on.
.3,200 horse boiler supplies for and half< or three feet came
.. power power rows two a apart
U ............
La Corona:
750 From what I gather concerningthe
running the engine, pumping the and scatter the seeds thinly, covering can
Alsace, .,...........1,300 "
La Caraclia, ............2.300.. water, etc., and another building is about two inches deep. Thin plantsto stingless bees, it is evident they

La Celada, U ............ 300 located near this, where the casing stand about six inches apart and cannot stand a mild climate, still lessa

,.' ........... l/ cold one.
Santa )Maria .1,280 and preparing of the tobacco is -attended cultivate as you would any similar
............ 260 .. small without
La Isabella, to. With these extensive hoed When the have maul They are a variety,
.. crop. pods
............ .
San a Lucia 250 but in of! attack they defend
.. facilities the still needs more ed the then stack like stings, case
Lulita u............ 140 company pull plants;
Columbia, .. ............ :260 .I room, and a third building 60 by So field beans or store in a dry loft; thresh themselves with their teeth or
feet in size, three stories, high is now with the flail or with a bean, thresher. mandibles whit h emit a caustic liquid
first named under
The seven are
being constructed. When this latter. Farm and Fireside. burning like an acid, thereby deriving
cultivation, and the others are leased building is completed all of the tobacco : --o.---- their name which is given by the natives -
out to a number of tenants. The I "
will be received and packed there, The last issue of The Fruit Grower Caga Pogo; "excrement of fire.
to be planted this season will
crop the factories exclusivelyfor Their bites are nearly as unpleasant as
leaving two published at :Macon, Ga., declares
consist of 800 of tobacco
900 the manufacture of cigars, and that the State will have nearly a full the stings of our bees, melhjica, caus
acres of corn, 200 acres in oats"and the skin blister and after a
to drop
giving them a working space for more crop of peaches. The Elberta variety ing
acres in cane and
than 600 cigarmakers. The companyhas of peach which made such a few days.
other crops. dwellings which are in this market The building of their combs insteadof
put up 35 favorable impression a
This work the
requires constant care
vertical is in horizontal lay-
of ten superintendents who reside in occupied by the factory operatives, few years ago, is grown very exten- being
located the ers like wasps' nests,.and the quantityof
exclusively. They are on sive in Georgia and netting a good
neat cottages on each plantation, and short distance honey they store is very small,
Alsace It
plantation, a deal of money for the growers.
the regular employment of 150 men, it doubtful whether it wouldbe
and line of making
from the a than the Cali-
factory, stages sold here even higher
who hired the These
are by year. takes the employes to and from their fornia peaches and more than double remunerative to possess the sting-
men reside on the plantations in comfortable -
frame dwellings which are work. A number of building sites the price of the average offerings less bee or not. .
have been laid out and of the time. It is a
many competing at a large,
scattered in groups over each place. A Walla 'Val1aVash..) man, abouta
have lots and and
operatives purchased handsome, highly-colored peach,
Besides these yearly employes, over started out with a
year ago, a man
will build their homes. The six
own five
stands or keeps or days "
300 women and children are employedin band of sheep on the range. A few
Factories veritable bee hives of and
are packed-
when properly picked
setting, cultivating and assortingthe days he received the followingfrom
industry, and some 240 hands find after the manner of California pack
tobacco, and they are kept busilyat there and the him : "If you want me to remain
work until the last of the crop has constant employment ing. here any longer, you'll have to
this in the factorieswill -0-4--
been stripped and packed, or from wages paid year another band of them's all
exceed $100,000, all of which is Deafness Can't bo Cured get sheep;
April 1St to December 1st. This all "
makes a plantation force of nearly directly circulated in Quincy. This by applications, as they cannot
company has been engaged in the reach the diseased portion of the ear.
people are employed fully
500 eight months, in the year, and their manufacture of cigars in New York, There is only one way to cure Deaf- t A FamilyAffairI
the of Straiton & Storm
name ness, and that is by
to nearly forty
thousand wages dollars. for more than 35 years, and have a remedies. Deafness is caused by an I F' Health for the Baby,

Ivorld wide for their lining r Pleasure for the Parents,
hundred sheds reputation cigars, inflamed condition of the mucous |
One curing con-
structed in the most approved manner and the great popularity of the goods of the ustachian;: Tube. When New Life for the Old Folks

and arranged for thorough ventilation, turned out at the Quincy factory will this tube gets inflamed you have a

and employes'dwellings have been make this one of the most important rumbling sound or imperfect hearing,

built 105 on the plantations in addition to manufacturing points in the State. and when it is entirely closed Deafnessis 6.7

the superintendents' dwellings, stables An artesian well will be sunk on the the result, and unless the inflamma

cattle sheds, etc., required in factory grounds this summer, and tion can be taken out and this tube restored *, *$&! Beer

carrying on such a colossal work, anda water will be furnished to the tenants, to its normal condition, hearing .
and complete of fire will be destroyed forever; nine
fine brick storing warehouse with a a system protection I IH i
capacity for storing 5,000 bales of tobacco will be introduced in all of the cases out of ten are caused; by catarrh, ft THE GREATQTEfViPERANCE

has been built, and -some 65 Buildings. The- factories are located which is nothing but an inflamed: con ,b' DRINK

311 Madison and Monroe streets and dition of the mucous stir aces. \
miles of rail and wire fences have been \ flls a family nffalr-a requisite
to protect the crops. This work ire tastefully built and add greatly to We will give Hundred Dollars /7 '*'J'A of tho home. A JJ5 cent
has up been pushed steadily for the past the; ornamentation of the town.- for any ca'e of Deafness! (caused by ow _.,I.J package makes strengthening 5 Gallons of,
Herald. Catarrh that cannot cure by taking \ a delicious !
doubt if farmsin Quincy ) we .
four years, and we any _z effervescent beverage.ivT
Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for -
f )
the North are as thoroughly X1 i T5on't bo deceived if n dealer f r.J
Acid Phosphate circulars, free.F. \! of larger jn-oflt.tetU yoacomo
equipped and under such a high state Horsford's the sake
CHENEY & CO Toledo O. \.J I ether kind 1*"'Jest as good
of cultivation as the plantations be- Makes an Invigorating Drink J. -113 false. No Imitation iJ H good< .
tS-Sold by Druggists, 750 C3.: Uuj genuine lii&ES'o.
longing to this company. with Tracer and tugar only. Delicious.


..+ -J.r .- ..9 'f\" 4 ;.- -



CONTENTS. begins May\ 2 and is good to and including State Horticultural Society. summer rainy season has proceeded

TlUJsroBunOf-S am'hlp Facilities; :223G : May 6. Editor!; Farmer and Fruit-Grower. promptly to bring to a signal failure,
ROTE:AND ORCHARD-"Causes of Foot Hot; 223 All members who do not find ticketson The railroad and steamboat lines of we should be apprehensive of serious
Prevention of Foot-Rot;Peach Culture. ;Orange the State agree to give a rate of one disaster to the State. As it is, the
Tree Wilt; SJ4 sale at their home stations at these
Mixed Grove Culture;Tea Culture In the South; S23 fare for the round trip to the Florida Florida climate is probably about to
THE VrxETARD-la the Drouth Prepare for Floods; rates, must take a receipt from the State Horticultural Society's meetingat give within a few months another one

Vineyards Badly Damaged: ;The Scuppernong. agent when they purchase their ticket Ormond, May 3, 4 and 5; tickets of those instances of evening-up and
for Wine 325
Timely Notes Peach
FAEMKK" D TACCKEB; -Absolute: llarmlenness Rosette; of saying that they have paid one full will be on sale the 2nd, 3d and 4th, compensation which are familiar to

Arsenic Insecticide; Farmers as Fertilizer fare and they then can with and good to return until the eveningof the old resident and which render a
; arrange
Manufacturers; Something About nellar- the 6th.Some Russian calamity forever impossiblehere.
weed A Growing Evil; Uniform Packages; the Secretary of the Society for free
of the roads have .
Poisoning the Mole; 825 expresseda
A Great Tobacco Enterprise;Soja Beans; S27 transportation returning. willingness to pass exhibits tree; I The Florida year is a long year; it

EDITORIAL AriART-StlnglessBfeg, Ormoad; Meeting. ;. About. Going. ::27 DUDLEY W. ADAMS, President. am in hopes to get all to do so. It has two springs, really, and two sum.

North;Orange County Grape Growers;Orange LYMAN PHELPS, might be well to ship in time for the mers. If the farmer fails to get a crop
Growers' Convention State Horticultural for instructions started the first he has
; Ch'n agents to telegraph if spring a
Ex. Com. State Hort. Society.
Society The Drouth 3281t.asgts
; ; second for another
they to do so. one attempt-the
; 329 Tangerine, April ai. _
A good route for South Florida "rainy season." Cotton, deciduous
OCR YOUNG FOLKS-The Voyage of Columbus; 3JO; ,
STATE:NEWS-1 tern*; :330OPE ; ( About Going North. members is via New Smyrna, the fare: fruits and oats can hardly be said to
RuaAL nOliEKeeping031en..:Vermin In The FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERhas for the round trip from that point by have a second probation held out be.
Florida;Sewing Up Rents;Be prompt at Meals;
Removing Mildew From Clothes;FaUe Teeth never been in the habit of bother- steamer is $1.50 and it gives a good fore them ; but corn, rice, sweet

Lengthens Life;Pies; 331 ing particularly about this matter. Ifa view of an interesting portion of the, potatoes, forage crops, squashes and I
GROVE AID'RCIU.RnThe Aristocratic Tangerine;
east coast. some other crops will attain a fair:
Protect Your Peach Trees;A Rot-Proof Stock; man is of force and has anythingto
Profit In Lemons-III; 332 any The hotel rate at the Coquina is $2 measure of success if planted much
THE PJfJtItY-Florida Pines the Favorites;Among do, he will stay here and do it. If per day,; at boarding and private later than common. That wonderful .

THE the: FARMERS Pine; AILIAVCE. -A.Government. Which 333 he has nothing to do or is a butterfly, houses $1.25 to $1.50 per day.I fruit, the orange, is especially notablefor

Owns Railroads;The People's Party-II; 3D4: 'he might about as well go North in hope it will be borne in mind that its adaptability to conditions ; if '
Railways-The: Advantages, of Public Owner. the and his there is to be a session set apart for the March\ bloom does not succeed it
summer spend thereas
ship In Germany; :3S5 money
THE WEATHER-The Florida Summer ; 335 else. If citizen has the exhibit, testing and discussion of will try an April bloom, or, if not that,
anywhere a the tools, material and labor saving devicesfor then a June bloom. We see no com.

bTbPHEN POWfckS:\ Editor.P. money to spend and he and his familycan handling the fruit crop of the plaints of red spider. _

O. Address, awtey, Fla. enjoy better health in the North State. Now please to remember what Hence we read without special

ia the summer-which is very doubtful this means; here is a chance for in- alarm the constantly increasing notesin
Wherever "Japan plum" occurs in the ventors to show their latest productsto our State exchanges as to the
and the fashion
society beingthe
our market reports this time of year, those who are judges of their merits grievous effects of the drouth. In

of course, the reader will understandthat real attractions up there-let and whose indorsement would be of most localities of North and West

the loquat is meant. them go where they please. More\ greatest value to them Here, on the Florida the remnant of deciduous fruits I

*" Northern money is spent in Florida other hand, the fruit men can see and left by the March frosts has mostly

"You stated in a recent number of than there is Florida money test, to some extent, new and valuable disappeared. In Clay, Bradford, .
that otherwise Alachua, Marion Putnam Levy and
appliances might not ,
that there is broom in the North. Florida
your paper not a spent gives
come to their notice in a way that Hernando counties-the moiety of the
factory in Florida, when I have one the visitors a solid quid pro quo could be adopted in their work for orange belt-the oranges are dropping

myself." So writes Mrs. T. B. for their expenditures in the shapeof several seasons. At present prices it heavily ; also in other isolated placesin

Haynes, Oriole, Hernando county. A health and pleasure. If Florida's citizens behooves every fruit grower to keep the State. But the orange has a

good and durable article has been make enough profit in the winterto fully up with the times, and not delay habit of adjusting its load automatically
adopting any device or tool that will according to its streng h. It stops
made in Lawtey with-palmetto leaves go North for the summer, doubtless
save either time or labor, or a wasteof casting its fruit at a certain point. The
for the centre of the broom and a thin they also think they receive an equiva product. A pair of orange clip Satsuma which loses every bloom in

layer of broom straw enveloping it. lent for their cash; and if they thinkso pers may be so constructed as to cut March will in April push out here one

--.-- there is absolutely nothing more I the stem_ in a _way to ruin every orange and there another from unexpected

Young trees planted this spring need to be said. We believe with Fredericthe that it comes in contact with and on places. and give a crop at last.
long hauls that one will ruin many Near Gulf Hammock a man reports
something besides mere watering to Great: "Let every man go to
cattle dead around
more. Such clippers are in quite finding sixty-three
prevent them from being killed by the Heaven his own way." general use; one pair of them costinga a boggy spot where they had resortedfor ,

drouth. Repeated pouring of water 504 dollar may take $200 off of a thou- water, and dozens are said tbe:

will harden and crust the soil and the Orange County Grape Growers sand dollar crop. We must put up dying from thirst near Arredondo.So .
At a convention held in Orlando, fruits with and low is the water in Lake thata
roots will actually die from suffocationlack our more care, it is at Levy
April 13, the Orange County Grape this session, devoted to the considera. farmer has had to build threefourthsof
-] of air-instead of drouth. Let
Growers' Association was formed with tion of just that matter that we are a mile of new fencing. The good

them be watered gently, without pour. the following officers: : President, Geo. going to learn how. That each one people of Hague are holding daily

ing, and then thickly mulched to. prevent H. Wright Chuluota .President may help inthe good work let him bring meetings to pray for rain, and at La
evaporation and crusting. ; everything of value in this connection Crosse some of the farmers have goneto

M.\ Gore, Orlando; Secretary, P. P. in his possession, outside of those in earn wages on the public works or

Orange Growers' Convention.Next Inky Orlando; Treasurer, H. H. Dick- general use. Bring thoughts and ex phosphate pits until such time as a

week shall in son. Orlando. The Board of Trustees periences, ladders, field boxes, clips, rain shall make it worth while for
we publish full
devices for cleaning them to plant seeds.
picking receptacles,
appointed were: James Mott\ one
the official report of the recent meet fruit, packing house plans, sizers, At Gainesville Irish potatoes are

ing in this city, furnished by Mr.\ A. W. T. Peck, two years; L. C. Hanns, wrappers and wraps, box materials and hardly large enough to eat and the

M.\ Ives, General Manager\ of the three years. The constitution adoptedwas devices for holding them when being cabbage crop is reported in various

Florida Fruit The brief and general in its terms. made up, straps, cover presses, sten- neighborhoods at one-third or one.
We quote one article: cils or other marking devices, etc., fourth, but two carloads recently sold
of some of the many new accessionsto ART. Vn.-SECTION 1. It shall be the etc. There is no branch of horticulture for $1,000 cash, f. o. b.

the Exchange will be a surprise to duty of the members of this society at but that some one can be found Yet on Indian River there are hun-

our readers who have kept the run of all times to exert their influence to protect upon our membership list who can dreds of artesian wells in active ope
current history. its interests and promote the objectsfor give the :fine points of it. Yet ration and more being dug every day;

t which it was organized. such men come to our meetings to all over South Florida hundred,
SEC. 2. If any member shall at any
learn of each other. Come and do probably thousands, are hauling waterto
The Ormond Meeting.To time or place, by words or actions, will-
fully seek to injure this society or any of likewise. W. S. HART, Secretary.Hawks their orange trees; while scores of
Members Florida State Horticultural its members, or manifest an inimical Park, April 26. large grove owners are running; their
Society: spirit toward it, or be guilty of any > < irrigation plants to excellent effect. If
grossly improper conduct, said member The Drouth.
the and strawberries have
Please do not forget that the railroadsof shall be deemed guilty of a violation of vegetables
Florida have offered the unprece- Section 1 of this article, and on convic- If it was not for the fact that every yielded light crops they have generally
tion thereof bhall be reprimanded, sus- spring has brought forth doleful pro brought high prices and the losses in
low of fare for the
dentedly one pended or expelled.: phecies of the great curtailment if not shipment have been trifling.In .
round trip to Ormond for the annual The next meeting will be held in the almost total loss of the orange and Middle and West Florida tobacco

meeting of our Society. This rate Orlando April 30. other. crops, which prophecies the. planting goes steadily forward;j. the!




plants are set by relays, shaded and I I I to ship until the market is clear of the NEW YORK, April 25. I Strawberries-Receipts this morningwere

watered. At Quincy Mr. Thomas large stock on hand.E. Beets, 1.50 to 2.00 per box; cabbage, fair and more evenly distributed

Smith has over forty six acres set al- L. Goodsell, New York, April 18, 2.00 to 2.50; beans, 3.00 to G.OO per crate; among the receivers. Arrivals from
average $2.58: somatoes, carrier crates, 3.50 to 4.00; o Mississippi were generally sandy and
On all
ready. well land
prepared Grape Fruit ..... . 1.90 to 2.25 tomattoes, bushel crates, 2.50 to 3.00; I discolored. Arkansas were full size but "

corn does not even "roll" yet, and in Fancy . . . . . .2.13 to 3.15 squase, 1.50 to 2.25 per crate. I green. Alabama was in the best condi-

fairly good land we can see that it hasa Bright . .. .. . 1.75 to 3.30 tion. Most of the Florida. offering were

good color and is growing every day. Russet . :. .. . .. . .l.C3to3.20 WASHINGTON, D. C., April 21. soft wet and moldy, a few arriving in
in condition.
The never failing fig is putting out a Sgobel & Day, New York, April 22: Oranges-126-200 Florida bright fancy There refrigerators were no being arrivals good of Louisiana.The .

second and heavy crop.JACKSONVILLE Navels . .. .. .... 1.75 thin skin, 3.00 to 3.50; do. do., 2.75 to demand for choice stock was good

Fancy . . . . .-. .2.87 to 3.87 3.00; 126-200 bright russets, heavy, 2.75 but it was scarce, anything off was neg-

Bright . . .. .. . 2.00 to 3.50: to 3.25: 126-200 dark russets, 2.50 to 2.75; lected. The range wsa: Alabama, 4.00

]VIaI'l\ets.' \ Russet . . .. .. . .2.50to3.25 Grapefruit, 2.00 to 2.75; do.. per barrel, to 5.00; Mississippi, 3.50 to 4.00 and Ar-

E. Roberts, Philadelphia, April 18! 4.00 to 5.50: Florida strawberries per qt, kansas, 4.00 to 6.00 6 gallon case.
.... ....... ....... 20 to40c. Charleston do. 35 to 50c. Cabbage per
- ; -
Grape Fruit.. . .. . . 1.40 Florida, 10 to 20c. per quart, accordingto
FLA., April 28. Hart's Late.... .. . 3.15 Florida. 2.75 to 3.0U; do. Charleston, condition.

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Bright. . . ... .. . 2.00 to 2.30 2.75 to 3.50; Potatoes. new, per bbl. 8.00 : Pineapples-The demand was fair at

[Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] Russet. . . .. .. .. 2.50 to 3.23 to 9.00: do., seconds, G.OO to 7.00; do. 1.50! to 3.00 per dozen.
do. lettuce barrel
culls 4.00 to4.50; per l. I
These are aVI rage quotations. Extra choice Same, April 19: 2.00 3.50 barrel S.uG Grape Fruit-Considerable consigned
lots fetch prices above top quotations while poor Grape Fruit . .. . .. 1.40 to 1.85 to 10.00 to beets; egg plant bushel l.per 1.25 to ,1.75 ; stock in the market which sold at 1.50
lots ell lower. ; ;
Fancy. . .. .. .. ... 2.45 to 4.55 I to 2.00 per box, on orders 50 to 75c. more
Oranges bright................ .......$2.2510 2.50 beans, round, bushel, 3.00 to 4.00; do.,
russet................. ....... 1.75102.50 Bright. . . .'. .. . 3.10 to 3.60 do. 2.00 :3.00 Charleston was charged.
Indian River ............... 2.50103.00 Russet . . .. : .. . 2.55 to 3.40 flat to ; peas, Tomatoes-Fair receipts. Condition
Lemons, Fla.. ..............,......... 2.00 to 3.00llesslua. bushel, 2.00 to 2.25; squash white, bushel generally good and demand equal to
'* : ............. ......... 3.00 Snow & Co., Boston, April 18: 1.50; tomatoes, bushel, 2.25 to 4.00.E. .
I.lmes.loo............ ................. .50 J. ADAMS & Co. supply. Six basket crates sold at 4.00 to
Grape (fruit barrel! ................... 2.00103.00 Grape Fruit. . .. .. .1.70 4.50 and bushel boxes at :3.00 to 3.50.
'* box .................. i.oo to i.75 Russet:; . . . .. . 1.90 to 3.60 Sweet potatoes, Southern Queen, 3.73;
........... ......... PHILADELPHIA 20.
Pineapples, crate 7.00108.00 California Seedling . . 2.00 to 3.25 April
to 4.00 barrel Florida 2.50
Japan plums bushel.... ............. 3.00 ; green peas,
Bananas: bunch............ ........... 1.2510 1.75>> Tomatoes-Fancy, 6 baskets, per car- to 3.00 box; beans, Florida, 3.50 to 3.73;
Apples barrel......................... 3-25103.50 SAVANNAH, April 26. rier, 4.00; do. choice, 3 to 3.50 bu. crates; cukes, 73;: to 90c. a dozen; new potatoes,
Cranberries crate 2.50 choice to 3 to 3.50 fair to good 2
Potatoes new. barrel................ 3.50104.50 Oranges-Bright, 2,50; russet, 2.00. fancy, ; 2.50 bushel; egg plants, 2.50 to 3.00
sweet. bushel...... .......... .50 Pineapples, crate. 4.00 to 5.00; bananas, to 2.50. dozen.
Florida cabbage good demand bbl.. 2.00 to 2.25 bunch, 1.25 to 1.75; potatoes, barrel 4.00 Cabbage-2.50 to 3.50 per crate. New potatoes are much more abundanton
Onions yellow barrel................ 3 25 5.00 barrel 2.30 String Beans-Scarce and wanted if the
.. to ; cabbage, to 2.75; street, the Florida receipts making
red .... .... ...... ... .. 325
crate ......................... 2.50 onions, crate, 1.00; tomatoes, crate, 1.75; choice-sell readily at 4 to 5.50 per crate, quite an impression on the market the
Turnips barrel.. ....................... 1.50 cucumbers, crate, 3.00; celery dozen, as to quality. past few days. California, however, is
.. ................ ........
Beets 2.25 .50 plants dozen .50 beans crate Cucumbers-Scarce, when choice sending hero the best stock offered
; egg ; very
Carrots, ..... ...........*.. ...... 2.50
Parsnips, .......... .............. 2.50 2.00 to 2.23; cauliflower, crate, 1.50; meet with good demand at G to 8 per much larger and finer than her earlier
Radishes dozen....... ................ .40 strawberries, quart, .15 to .20. crate; ordinary, 3 to 4. shipments, and the price, 2c. pound,
Cucumbers, dozen.... ............. ..' .so to .75 KAVANAUGH & BRENNAN. Squash-1.50 to 1.75; per crate. places them within the reach of all deal-
Celery .... ............... .50 to .60 Beets-Unless choice and of medium
Egg Plants-wanted at good price.... ers.
Beans, crate ......... ................. 1.50102.00 ATLANTA, April 26. size, won't pay to ship, but when choice Liberal as have been the offerings,: of
Peas crate. ....... ............ ..... 1.00101.50 can be sold; in moderate quantities at cabbage during the past week, the high
Strawberries.. .... ................... .10 to .12 I Oranges, 2.50 box; lemons, 4.00; cocoanuts 1.25: 1.75; crate choice beets with
Cauliflower............................ 1.00 to 2.00 4 to 4.50 per 100; bananas, to per ; prices ruling long were well sustained.
Lettuce not wanted fancy, 2.00 to 2.25; strawberries, 20c. torn::; on. put up in bunches, sell readily Florida receipts sold by the carload almost -

Tomatoes.............................. 1.25102.00 potatoes, 4.50 to G.OO; sweet, 1.10;; at 8 to lOc per blind ). daily at :3.00 a. crate, while the Lou-

POULTRY AND EGGS. onions, bushel, 1.23; ; red, 3.23 barrel; Egg Jlants-Scarce and wanted when isiana and California offerings brought

Hens........ ..........................$ .40 to .45 yellow Denver, 3.23; cabbage, Florida, choice at 8 to 12 per barrel. prices equally encouraging. The Mobile\
Roosters................ .............. 30 to .35 Strawberries-Refrigerator stock active shipments are the latest and are making
Broilers....................... .. .... .25 to .30 :3c. pound; Louisiana, :2 to 3c.; turn- 50 to GOc Those arrivingin
Turkeys............................... i.ooto 1.25 ips, l.UO! barrel; Florida tomatoes, per quart. the offerings look much preener.; The
Ducks...................... ........... 45 t> .60 1.73; beans, crate, 1.75 to 2.50; peas, ventilated crates are mostly in bad Florida stock is getting rather ripe. and
Geese.................. ................ .50 to .75 1.75 lettuce 2.5U to :3.00 barrel cauliflower order, but if sound sell at :30 to 40c. can't much longer find as much favor
Eggs. ................................ .16 ; ; Florida Oranges-Anything choice of with
: crate, 1.75; celery, G3 to 75c. buyers.
MARKET NOTES. dozen. desirable sizes sells readily at 4 to 4.50 Charleston claims 3.500 acres of cab-

"Horseradish" is a sign that will at- while large sizes sell fairly well when bage in that immediate vicinity, 7,000

tract the eye of the market-goer, but MACON\ GA., April 26. choice at 2 to :3. acres of potatoes, together with a big
inquiry reveals the fact that it is all Grape Fruit-Fancy bright wanted at supply of other stuff.
gone. It has been sent down this season These aro average quotations; extra 2.25 to 2.75 per box, but russets and poor I). M.\ KIELY & Co.
lots a little higher; lots bell much
( from New York, though this i is not so are neglected.
good as the Western. Davis & Robinson lower: Oranges, bright, 176 to 2UOs, 2; REDFIELD & SON.
bright russet. I.b3 to ; pineapples, none
state that a gardener at Oakland, near in market yet new Irish potatoes
; ,
Jacksonville, used to raise it; he grated barrel 5.50; cabbage, 40 heads andover CHICAGO, April 23.: FOR
and prepared it and sold in bottles hold-
per crate, 2.5U; beans, per bushel Ornn California Seedlings, choice.
ing less than a pint at 25 cents each, and There Is no snore useful or elegant ar-
the demand was good. Only a few new crate, 2.25 to 2.5'J; peas, per bushel) 2 to 2.50; California, Navels, choice, 3.50 ticle than Ayer's Hair VIor/ -the most
crate, 1.50; cauliflower, large heads, cab- to 4: Florida choice, 176, 3.25 to 3.50. economical !
Florida onions are to be seen, and these popular and hair-dressing
bage crate, 4.25; tomatoes, bushel crate, apples-Pcr dozen, choice, 1.73 to
are mostly grown near this city. A in the market. It causes the hair to
1.5u ; strawberries, per quart, 15c. 2.25.
commission merchant states and retain the
prominent abundantly beauty
Good demand for everything quoted Florida grow
es- Strawberries
that the trade prefer the Bermuda to the and texture of youth; prevents bald
pecially cabbage. 20 25c Louisiana
choice, to ; quarts,
Florida that "the
onions; packages are ness, heals troublesome humors of tho
choice, per case, 4 to 5c.Cucuinbers.Southern. _
better. The wholesale price for Ber- CHARLESTON, April 26. choice scalp and ]keeps: It clean, cool, and
mudas is -inside of $2.00. The few
Both ladies and gentlemen
Strawberry shipments increased from I 1.25. healthy.
dozen, 1 to
Floridas in the market retail at 15 cents .
fifty. crates a day up to 1500) crates a day, Egg Plants-Per dozen, choice, 2 to everywhere prefer Ayer's Hair Vigor to
a quart; tomatoes and strawberries the which number left here Saturday, April any other dressing for the hair. Mrs.\

same. The 24-quart carrier, holding six 23. Tomatoes. crate. 1.85 to :!.UU; new I 2.50.Green Peas-Arizona. 2-peck baskets, Lydia O. Moody ,

4-quart tomatoes.baskets, is Lettuce the favorite, 5 cents for shipping for 2- potatoes, 4.50 to 5.25 barrel; tomatoes, 1.50 to 2; California 20-lb box, 50' to 75c; E. PittsAsk For ton, Me.\ ,

2.00; cucumbers, 2.75 to3.23;:); beans, 1.75; Florida, 1-bu boxes 1.50 to 2.25;:); Louis- have used
if and
heads 5
good. Parsley
onions, 1.25 crate. iana, %-lm box, 1.50 to 1.75. Ayers I Hair Vigor -
bunch. the thereis :
cents a Salsify same
and it lias worked
crate for some time,
New Cabbage-California, per ,
more call for it than there used to be.
Water cress, 60 cents a dozen bunches. NEW YORK, April 23. 2 to 2.50; Southern, per crate, choice wonders for inc. I was troubled with
of for the 3.50 to 4.50. dandruff and falling hair, so that I was
New potatoes, many of them not larger Receipts oranges week aggregate -. green
than marbles, 15 cents a quart. Old po- 9,500 boxes, against 18,000 t New Dry Onions-Southern, 7-rbu: rapidly becoming bald; but since using

tatoes, large, two quarts 15 cents. The week. With light receipts the market boxes, 3 to 3.50. the Vigor, my head i t perfectly clear of

price of tomatoes given last week should has advanced and prices are firmer, In- New Potatoes-Cuba, per bbl., fancy, dandruff, the hair has ceased comingout :

have read "$1.50 to 2.00 a crate," The dian Rivers selling 3.50 to 4.50; brights, 8 to 8.50; California 110-lb Kicks, 2.75 to : and I now have a good growth, of

Cherokee carried out a carload of strawberry selected, 3 to 3.50; straight lines, 2.75 to 3; Florida, barrels, No. 1, 8.50 to 9; Flor- the same color as when I was a young

refrigerators-eight in number, 3.25; russets, 2.50 to 3.23; Navels, 3 to 4; ida, barrels, No. 2,7 to 8; Louisiana, bbl., woman. I can heartily recommend the

aggregating 491 cubic feet-probably grape fruit, 2 to 2.50; strawberries, 23 to35c 3 to 4. use of Ayer's Hair Vigor any one suffering -

1,700 quarts, instead of 17,000, as a daily ; pineapples, 30 to 40c; string beans String Beans-Florida, green, bu-box. from dandruff or loss of hair."
stated. 4 to 6; peas, Floridas and Savannahs, 3 to 3.50; Louisiana, greenbu: box, 4

paper 50o to 1.25: Charleston, 2 to 2.23, baskets, to 5. Ayer's Hair VigorPrepared

AUCTION SALES. 2 to 2.50; beets, 1.50 to 2; squash, 1.50 to Tomatoes-Cuba, bu-boxes, 3 to 3.50;

2; tomatoes, carriers, 3 to :3.50, crates, 2 California grape-baskets, 1.50 to 1.75; by Dr.J.C.Ayer k Co..Low ell.Mass.
Blake & Ripley, Boston, April 19, 2,677 to 3; asparagus, Charleston, 4.50 to 6, N. Florida, 6-basket crates, fancy, 4 to 4.50. Sold by Druggists and Perfumer

boxes, average $2.75: C., 4 to 5, Norfolk, 4.50 to G; cabbage, 2

Grape Fruit. . .. . .. 50 to 2.00 to 2.75, North Carolina cabbage 2 to ST. Louis, April 25. Notice to Shipper and Others Interested.

Bloods . .. .. . .. 2.25 to 4.00 2.25; celery, 50c to 1; lettuce, 2 to 3.50; Oranges-Indian River, per box, as to On March the ist ult. I disposed of my interestin

Fancy. . .. .. .. . .2.C2to3.75 potatoes, 6 to 7.50; spinach, 2 to 2.25; size, 4.00 to 5.00; Mexican, per box. 3.50 theCiucAGo Sot:THERM FRUIT & VEGETABLE

Bright . .. . .. . .l.G3to3.50 kale, 75c to 1; radishes, 75c to 1; Southern to 3.75; Florida brights, per box, as to DESPATCH LINE, and am no longer connected

Russet .. .. .. .. .. 1.85 to 3.37 eggs, 13 to 14c; duck eggs, 19 to 21c; size, 2.50 to 3.00; do. russets, do., 2.75 to I with corporation as an official or stock holder.
Grape Fruit.not wanted except very geese, 23 to 20c.{) 3.50; California Navels, per box, 2.50 to | EDWARD S. LEVY

fancy bright stock; russets will not pay PALMER, RIVENBURG & Co. 3.00.. -1, Chicago,111. 4U3tArntL"28,1892 .


i .

L \



OUF Y oun Folls. The Fernandina News gives an Manatee county, which they desire to

gtate J'ews.! interesting account of the Amelia settle with a class of industrious and

-- -.... - River Packing Company. During the energetic people. The company is
The Voyage of Columbus.If represented as follows: Senor Iglesias
Chas. F. May brought into our office oyster canning season just closing, 200 ,
wo had been on board the Santa, this week a bunch of that hands were on the pay roll, and these President; Francis Irsch, Vice-Presi
rye was a
Maria on the Cth of September, 1492, at I I wonder. It stood six feet high and hands alone circulated about $800 per dent; H. E. Ellis, Treasurer. Di-

sunset, after she left the Canary Islands, the will run five bushelsto week among our business men. There rectors-Senor Don Firmin Hernandez
crop twenty
and had seen the tears roll down the the acre. This makes excellent are employed in the shingle and wood Iglesias; Major General 0. O. How-

checks of the rugged:: sailors, a? they feed for stock and if it be mills, and in the woods getting out ard, U. S. A.; General Frank Sigel;
watched the land disappear from view can grown Francis Irsch and Henry E. Ellis.
timber for the mill about
anything like prolific the aboveit 40 men,
and turned to look with sinking hearts as as
Their first in Manatee
and besides this blocks colony countyhas
and troubled the vast would be they purchase
eyes across expanse an important adjunct to ;
of mysterious waters that stretched awaytoward our forage plants.-Lake Region. I from other parties who employ 15 to 20 been located at Erie, upon a thou-

1 the west, realizing for the first men in the work. The company has sand acres, consisting of hammock,

time the full measure of their hardihood, Howard & Hargrove, of Windsor, recently purchased a small steamer sawgrass and prairie lands. The

wo should perhaps have known something have just erected a new moss factory, and several lighters to freight Manatee Advocate gives these addi-

unnerved:: of the their feeling hearts of uncertainty and filled: their that 40x50 feet, and will put in new machi. their cypress timber down the St. ditional particulars: Fourteen of the

souls with dread. nery for the preparation of moss for Mary's and other rivers, and is colony, who represent thirty five fame

the markets of the country. Moss in ilies are now on the ground and at
As the land faded out of sight, sobs now making about 30,000 shingles per ,
and :groans: were heard in every part of the vicinity Windsor is abundantand 'day. It has ample steam power for work getting ready for next year's

the ship. Most of the men :gave: up all Messrs. Howard & Hargrove ex, one or two more shingle mills and operations. These families all come

hope of ever seeing their homes again. perience no difficulty in getting all from New York and New Jersey,
Hero the :genius: of Columbus showed may put in another! in a short time
itself. 110 assembled the sailors and the raw material they can handle.- should the demand for shingles con where they had lived tor some years.

delivered an encouraging address, pictur-I Gainesville: Sun. tinue to increase. A large terrapin Some are native Americans, some

ing to them in glowing colors I Going in debt head over heels is crawl has just been built by the company Germans and some of them are Swiss;
to be gained by the discovery i of new but all are an industrious energeticclass
and it is to handle all ,
the greatest evil that ever has or ever prepared
lands beyond the sea. lie also appealedto
their cupidity and avarice, holding will afflict the farming portion of the terrapins that may be brought here of people. It is the design to

out rich promises of :gain: and drawing people) of Middle Florida. AVe know for sale. lay out a town on the prairie in whichall

wonderful pictures of the laud to bo of the colonists will live, owningtwo
many negroes who are borrowers and We are all very busy. Our tomato
discovered, the gorgeousness of his de- acres of land in the town and nine
they are greater slaves to the lender crop is a success. Yesterday's ship
scription being limited only by the acres in the hammock and
bounds of his most daring imagination. than thev were to the old masters be- ments amounted to 1,476 cases and 90 sawgrass
land for cultivation. rice
Knowing that as the voyage proceeded fore the war. They simply half way, cases were left over; making 1,566 Sugar, tobacco

the fears and despondency of his crew with their head down, labor for their which are selling from $5 to $6 per and vegetables will be the prin-
would increase, Columbus took the pre- cipal products of their labor; the
creditors-they cannot really claim case.Ve expect to swell the shipments
caution to l keep two log-books, or journals Floridian.Col trades also being represented, such as
anything.- before thee
in one of which, for the benefit of to 2,000 cases a day blacksmiths
ild of next week and I believe that wagonmakers, carpentersand
his mtfh ho made
it appear that the rate
W. C. Maloney of Key West cigarmakers and general trucking
of progress made by the ship was very we can safely predict that, in the near
slow; this record was open to inspection.The last week, received information that future, we will be sending forth thou- business will be engaged in. Theyare

other, in which he kept an accurate his cocoanut grove at southeast point, sands of packages of fruit where we now ditching a sawgrass pond

record of their progress, was carefully Pine Key, had bel n seriously injuredby hundreds., from which a fall of eighteen to twenty
are now sending
kept out of sight. What a sensation fire. The grass was probably fired feet can be obtained. About thirtyfive -
there would have been on board the reflection or knowledge of our resources -
by some evil disposed acres of the land is in
person duringthe sawgrass
Santa Maria had the crew known that one might inquire : "Won'twe
every league recorded on the public recent high winds, and it swept over-stock the market ? I can cultivation,. mostly in sugarcane and

record meant two leagues farther away everything before it, for two or more in vegetables for family use. The
see no danger or possibility of that
from the shores of sunny Spain! mile Some of the cocoanut trees ; center of the town-"Fleming" it is
Two hundred off the Isle for at the present time we are not ableto
leagues of were so badly burned that there is named-is in section 2, township 34,
Ferro, Columbus to find even supply samples for the tradein
was surprised
little of their 18 Here of four
hope ever recovering I range east. a park
that the needle no longer pointed to the the thousands of Northern cities
north but declined to the uortwest. This again that are loudly calling upon us for acres will be laid out, in the centre of
phenomenon filled the minds of the cap. which is a Florida lake of one acre.
tains and pilots with terror. If the compass Prof. Norman Robinson, State them, to say nothing of the demand This lake will be deepened and an

could not be relied on, how could Chemist, informed us the other day from abroad. We are now asked for artesian well sunk to obtain a good

they expect any thing but trouble and that he had made'an examination of consignments for Liverpool, England, flow of for the of the
water town.
disaster to from their foolhardiness use
come some diseased portions of LeConte and offered a guarantee of full American -
From this boulevards hun-
in venturing on such an expedition? park one
and the benefit of
With characteristic ingenuity, Columbus pear trees, and was convinced that prices any dred and twenty feet wide will run
invented of the they have the blight. Specimens were amount obtained in excess of these
a plausible explanation north, south, east and west. The other
trouble, attributing needle's variationto sent to the United States entomologist -I prices, and that, too, by the most hundred feet wide will
the diurnal revolution of the pole star in Washington, who reached the reliable responsible firms.Winter one ,
around the This run at right angles with these boule-
pole. satisfied his followers Haven letter in Bartow Courier.
conclusion and who
same recommended -
and all went well until a fiery vards.
meteor descended into the sea near them as the 'only remedy, an un- The new town of Fleming in Manatee --- .-.*

when they began to fear that the demonsof sparing use of the pruning knife. The is being laid out by the Colonization LADIES
tonic, children who .
the air, as well as sea, were conspiring diseased portion should be cut ofT ,Mining and Commercial Companyof Needing a '" or. should takaDROWN'S warJ buildin

to accomplish their destruction. I several inches below the place where Florida, Limited, who own eighteenor IKON BITTERS.It .
' is to take, Malaria,
Columbus with difficulty calmed their pleasant cures Indigestion
fears. I the blight appears, and burned up. twenty thousand acres of land in Biliousness and Liver(Complaint

They now entered the region of the I This should be done early, while the

trade winds, and the steady breeze in sap is rising so that the wound ,will f4; Acer If PU'>)-ny i.. a puitrait of the late Prot. Edward
one direction raised a fear in the mindsof heat promptly.-Monticello Constitu- '.
: E. Phelps, M. D., LL. D. of Dartmouth
the sailors that the wind forever blew
from that quarter, and that it would be tion. Co//ege. lie was:: a strong,able man,who stood

impossible to return. Next, a terrific The following prominent fruit I Hghin the literary and scientific worlds. It is not

storm arose, and Columbus's ever fearful growers Wewahitchka, Fla., met at generally:: known, but it isnevertheless,the truth
followers begged him to tempt Providence Wewahitchka the 16th and that Prof. Phelps was the discoverer of what i h
Saturday: ,
further. But the
no storm iwssecl known
the Medical
to profession and Chemists
away, and the wind changed. This in a formed a Fruit Growers' Association,
measure restored their spirits; but they viz : J. R. Hollinger Dr. Theo.West, r universally as Paine's: Celery Compound, unquestionably -
of the valuable discoveriesof
one most
were ready to give way to despondencyon Rev W. A. Bryan, J. W. McAnulty,
this This remarkable is
the slightest occasion.-Farm and century. compound

Fireside. rhos. Spencer, Major J C. Bryan, S. _....'-."'.... not a nervine, an essence,a sarsaparilla, or anydevised
B. Alexander S. S. Alderman. R.
o- J. .
\ article, but a discovery, and it marks a
Alex. Jones, one of our colored Higgins[ L. Baker, A. Peck Higginsand ._ ., y:.. :::; ; dist lct step in medical practice and the treatment .
farmers, who owns a nice little place J. D. Pirrong. R. J. Higgins <:"" '< r S; of nervous compliaticnsand\ the greatest

north of the town, has sold to our was chosen P.esident; S. S. Alderman, -s\,-; '" \ ."' 4 / of all modern clise:1ses-Parcs15.:: It has been

Lake City market men so far this sea- Dr. Theo. West and W. B. Sheppard, ; .# 'y freely admitted by the best medical talent in the

son over $100 worth of pork. Alexander Vice ]President;Thos. Spencer, Treas- .. '::" j/ l land,and also by the. I leading chemists and scien-

has also plenty) of provisions urer, J. I D. Pirronp, Secretary. All T'ha Late PROF.. DUETS P S !tltS' that for nervous trouble: nervous exhaust-

stored away lor family use during tie the fruit growers of the Apalachicola .Jon, insomnia, debility, senility, and even the

year. Alexander has a good way to valley are requested to be present at "dreaded and trrrible Paresis, nothing has ever been discovered which reaches the disorder

settle the race question. by going: to the next meeting of the association at and_ restores health equal to this discovery of Prof.; Phelps.}

work and being independent.-Florida tVewahitchka May Marianna '
I3.- DON T RF,. f00lED *>V churns of /*- /". who her f+nArd an. f>f IHtl and Duet. Not1l1 r*

.. Tobacco, Plant.- '..'.. Times. cQuaUUxliuawutJor, FAMILY: AND FANCY, DYE.*" :.1'

I .


\ 1


; 1
I I found them first on my beds here 1 I a furrow or two to plow, or a small ful'of sugar; mix with the juice and
Our Rural Jlome I thought the washwoman had brought bit of any work uncompleted; but aftera grated rind of a sour orange; if quite 1 I
them in on the clothes, but later in while I came to regard all work as small, use two. Separate the yelks and .
whites of four eggs; beat the fells thoroughly -
Keeping Woolens. vestigations have led me to believe a part of a season's job to be completed and add to them half a cupful of
For Our Rural Home. that they may have gotten into the as fast as possible, but at all timesto milk or sweet cream. Mix with the
Some household hints never come house by some other means. A neigh be subject to the regular interrup. orange and bake in one crust of rich 1
bor once told me that she found a Lion of meal time. Looked at in th:sway pastry. Use the whites for a meringue,
amiss for the young housekeeper, and beating to a stiff froth with half a cupful
times older have turkey's ne.t that was full of bedbugs.She it is no trial to unhitch when the of powdered sugar, and add when
many ones never removed the eggs and burned the time comes, whe'her' there be muchor the pie i is almost don .
thought of it, and when they read of nest. For about eight years I was little to do to complete the job. If a pie baked l in two crusts is preferred -

something new, wonder why they very much annoyed by them at times, Meals are not nly much better soak half a cupful of cracker
crumbs in the milk and mix with
never thought of it before. Such and 1 thought no one could live: in when eaten promptly; but it is of two
whole eggs instead of four yelks. This
thoughts often come to me when I Florida and keep a .house free from great advantage to the housewife to also makes a good lemon pie, substituting -
have read a useful hint. Here is one, chinches. However, more recent efforts know that the men will be on hand at a good-sized l lemon.

and while many will say "I knew have proved that to be a mis- a certain minute to eat them.-L. B. PIXE.PPL1PIE.Pare the pineappleand
that before," others may not have taken idea PIERCE. carefully pick out the eyes, then
read or even heard of it. About two years ago I varnishedthe -+-o-.-- shred it off with a silver fork in small
It is now nearly time to lay off all largest bedstead that I hadtheone Removing Mildew From Clothes. bits. Allow an equal amount of sugar
I and let it stand for a while to drain the
woolen goods and to keep them from that gave bugs the most hiding What shall we do with mildewed juice; then strew thickly with cracker
moths and roaches. Shake and dust places-and after washing the slats 'clothes ? is a frequent question. Put crumbs. Bake in two crusts. It may be
well, then fold smoothly and place in with weak potash water and wipingoff about a tablespoonful chloride of made half rhubarb,and will be, perhaps,
a thick cloth bag such as heavy sheet- the unvarnished of the bed quite as good. For a meringue pie it is
parts lime[ a wooden pail, or earthen bowl, better to grate the pineapple; or pine-
ing and you need have no fear. stead, I applied with a feather the fol and add four quarts of cold water. apple and rhubarb may cooked together
Neither moth nor roach will trouble lowing mixture : One teaspoonful of Stir until ail the lime is dissolved, and put through a sifter. Sweeten very
them. All such things need a thorough "Rough on Rats," one tablespoonfulof using a wooden spoon or paddle. Now liberally and add the yelks of the eggs.
looking over to see that there is no spirits turpentine and Uo table- put the mildewed article into the PEACH PiE.Canned soiled spots on them before laying spoonfuls of kerosene. Ever since water and work it about, using the sometimes used for pies, but still better,
in my opinion, are good dried or evaporated -
away. then they have been exterminated. spoon or p ddle. Let the article stayin fruit. Soak in water to cover overnight
House-cleaning time is at hand and Although another application of the the water until all the mildew has ; simmer gently until perfectly tender -
all bedding that is not needed shouldbe mixture has not yet been needed, I disappeared, then throw it into a tub sweeten discreetly and add just a
looked over and all that need it intend to apply it again soon to pre- of cold water. Wash well in this, and mite of extract of bitter almond. Bakein

washed and those that do not well vent any future invasion by the savage then rinse in a second tub of cold marmalade two crusts and, or sift make and a meringue reduce to or a

shaken and hung out on the line on a vermin. A quinine bottle is some water ; finally, wring out and dry. If tarts..
windy day and well aired. Comforts thing convenient in which to carry the the rinsing be thorough the fabric will RASPBERRY PIE.-Dried raspberries
may be laid on the grass for a few mixture. It should be shaken around be uninjured. It is only white goods and blackberries are also available for
hours and turned over once so that the lightly right often and the feather that can be treated in this way, as the spring pies. Use in the same way as
earth may absorb the bid odors, if twisted into the powder; which settlesin chloride of lime removes colors, as peaches. Raspberry jam makes exceedingly .
tarts. Do not make
popular a
any, then folded and packed away for the bottom. When eggs are found well as mildew Indeed, I have some- meringue for them, but heap with
winter. In case you have no closet about the beds they should be rubbedor times bleached a faded colored gar- whipped cream just before serving.

for bedding, as the Florida houses are mashed, and not brushed off to be ment in this manner, with satisfactoryresults. PRUNE PIE.-Prunes are among the
not usually built with all the con swept around, for they may be lodgedin I have napkins in use to-day best of those store room fruits now so
veniences ot the North, take a large some crevice about the side of the that were freed from mildew in this useful. Cheap, wholesome and appetizing -
it is well to offer them freely, and
dry goods box and stand it on end where the wall and floor ,
up room manner as many as eight years ago.- they make an excellent pie. Soak for an
and dress it up with a curtain all G Ladies' Home Journal. hour or more and then stew gently until
around it made of an old sheet. Cover Sewing Up Rents. _=.-.*- tender in just enough; water to cover.
the top of the box with a piece of There is a recent invention which False Teeth Lengthen Life. When cold remove the pits, which is not
the red calico is so long a job as one might fancy.
same, or turkey pretty; facilitates mending wonderfullyagum
A dentist is quoted as follows: The Sweeten moderately; a little lemon
tack it nicely over the edges, then tissue. The rent is carefully perfection to which the manufactureof heightens the flavor,and a glass of claretis
have: your curtain ready with an inch brought together, laid on a smooth false teeth has been carried has still better. Bake in two crusts, stewing -
ruffle at the top and tack on over the surface-the pressing board or a news- practically abolished old age--that is, with cracker crumbs to thicken

edges of your calico and you have a paper laid on a lap table-a sheet of old age in the sense that I used to lightly.
very presentable receptacle for your tissue covering the tear is laid CUSTARDS AND MOCK CREAMS.-A
gum know it. You see none of the helpless simple custard pie made of fresh eggs.
bedding, besides you can utilize it as over it, and over that a piece of the mumbling old men aid women and not over-baked is always delicious to
a table for setting things on. In fix goods; then press with a warm iron, that you formerly did. This is not most tastes. The old formula of four
ing the box it is well to have a board first covering with a bit of thin paper, because people do not. attain the age eggs to a quart of milk, four heaping
the bottom of the box for tablespoonfuls of and a pinch of
across a if the material is delicate There are their and grandparents reachedbut sugar
. front so that it will keep the dust from tissues of different colors, and I have because parents the dentist has preventedsome salt extract cannot may be improved be used if likes Flavoring; also

reaching the bedding near the floor. seen garments in which a very bad of the most unpleasant consequences chocolate, coffee, cocoanut or simple
Before putting on the top cover lay tear was invisibly mended with them. of advancing years. Men of caramel make pleasant ,'ariations.o'or
over some newspapers, so it will Fabrics that are to be washed could no longer either look or feel cocoanut it is only necessary to soak a
be soft and it will seventy cupful of dried (desiccated) cocoanut in
wear not be mended in this or if they
way old, because they are not deprived of the milk-and that reminds me to hint
so on the calico. Then if you were, the operation would have to be nourishing food at the time they needit that this is a good time to provide one's
wish to throw over all a pretty towelor repeated after washing -Good House- most. Estimates have been made block,so easily grated and dried in a cool

scarf, you have quite a unique as keeping. showing that the average length of oven.
well as useful piece of furniture. I > O life has been increased from four to A mock cream pie is sometimes made
find one very convenient in place of a Be Prompt at Meals. of false after the fashion of a layer cake with
six by the general use
years baked
three thicknesses of pastry, on
closet.A farmers
Many are quite irregular at
teeth. plates and tilled with a cream made of a:
DELICIOUS WAY TO COOK EGGS. meals, otten staying in the field to -. ---- pint of milk (or thin cream), the yelks of
For two persons take one pint of finish a piece of work from ten min- Pies. ;woeggs, a half cupful of sugar and a
milk, let it come to a boil, then breakin utes to two hours after the regular There is no other time in the year ablespoonful: of gelatine soaked in very
four and stir slightly till thick dinner hour. I know one man who when material for pie making is so little cold water and dissolved in the
eggs double
milk. Stir) all over the fire in a
enough. First salt and pepper the sometimes works until 3:30: to finish, scarce as in !spring. Still, there are a boiler until it thickens; flavor with
milk sufficiently t.> season eggs and when the regular dinner hour is between few things just in the season-either orange or other extract,and when nearly
milk and add a bit of butter of the 12 and i. Such irregularity is because we can fall back: upon themat cold put the pie together. The same

size of a good walnut, and you have unbusinesslike and unprofitable. In any seasou or because they are now reparation may be used for a meringlie.

a' dish fit for a king. my younger days it was quite common most abundant. In truth, there is -Country Gentleman.
FLORIDA COOK. with farmers to be irregular, but I lever a complete dearth where the

--" 0----- nianied a village girl whose fatherwas ubiquitous pie is" in demand! Its votaries I CURE FITS !
Vermin in Florida.I a mechanic, and it took but a will always find the ingenuity of
When 1 tcy cz-91; do( no;mean merely to atop them
can keep the house! pretty clear of short trial of a strictly regular systemto woman equal to the occasion. If for a tins and then base then rttcra again. 1 mean s
roaches by searching. brushing and convince me that: it was as advantageous these receip's are not positively novel, radical: cere. I hire:" m-.da tb j d srso of FITS. EPILEPSY
or FALLING SICKNZS3 a Lfe-1 b jn shaking them out where the chickenscan to the farmer as to the me they may have the merit q suggestive warrant By reaxly W cars the worst cues. BecaoM
chanic observe regular hours. timeliness. others bare f-iflad:: i i no r :asoa for nit now roceirla*sease.
catch thembut bedbugs used to put Scsd at or ce f..r a tre:t1se aa-J; a Free B-tt!a atay
me to the greatest task of any pest with.. At first it. came hard to quit exactlyat ORANGE PIE.. -Beat to a cream a good Infallfcle: :! remedy. Give Exptte and Pit O3on. :: .

which I had ever contended W.he.n .12. or.6, especially if there: was but-\. tablespoonful.1 !! (butter_ _and" _scant, cup. :, -. G.. HOOT- M.- e.,- 183 Pearl. Ut. V.' T.*



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GROVE AND ORCHARD.The of thousands of these trees and have''' fruits, with fine acid and good keep- was-well, it is time wasted, perhaps,
never seen a diseased one. In additionto well attractive dwell those failures suffice it
ing qualities, as as ap to upon ;
its from disease Citrus Tri-
Aristocratic Tangerine.Editor foliata exemption is the hardiest of all citrus, fruits pearance. The only thing that can to say that I have been through all
Farmer and Fruit Grower: endure cold standing uninjured where be said against the tree is that it has and not until I used a room plasteredas
Will you please tell us through the the temperature reaches zero Fahrenheit.The i thorns; but I have for several years for living, with attention turned to
columns of your most valuable paper Oonshiu orange-the choicest vari- I gathered lemons from the Eureka excluding light, draught and heat, didI
why it is the Tangerine orange sells ety root grown endures in uninjured Japan-propagated 22 degrees on Fahr-this (thornless) and conclude that there is see the glimmerings of success; even

for such high prices in the northern enheit below the freezing point. It is too not much difference between the then many lemons decayed, yet those
markets. Is it because they cannot soon vet for us to be able to determine amount of culls-a cull is very seldom that were good kept well and provedto
be: grown in sufficient quantities to whether propagating the Navel,Mediter- made from thorns; a very slight rub- be fine lemons. Having this clewI
ranean sweet and other tender varieties of branch leaf and limb to think that the fruit
supply the demand ? or will they soon bing upon began was not
this stock will enable them to stand
be plentiful and a drug on the marlets on without injury the occasional freezes of the green lemon will make the cull. taken from the tree with proper care,
like other oranges? the coldest winters of our State, but with Then thorns diminish as trees grow and gradually I used one plan and
J. W. PORTER. the fact undetermined we know enoughof older and mature their growth. The another until I reached my success of
Hypoluzo. the superiority of Citrus Trifoliata properties of the Eureka lemon are to-day.
[ANSWERED BY A. n. MANVILLE.] stock to say: If you're going to plant good, but its appearance and want of LEMON HOUSE.
out a seed bed for propagation of citrus
The Tangerine is strictly a dessertor trees, by all means plant Citrus Tri- uniformity are against it; also, I be- It is not necessary, unless one has a
after-dinner orange, and as such is foliata. You'll never lose one of them by lieve it is more tender than the Lisbon. large lot of lemons, to build a very
in great favor among the wealthy disease or frosts. The fact is that all varieties of lemonsare extensive or expensive house. Mine

classes of the North. In its juice If the Californians can put up with improved by removing the fruit cost me, with all appurtenances, about
characteristics the Tangerine is infe the gnarled, crooked dwarfs wf trees from the tree at the proper time, and $2,500 and will contain six or seven

rior, but the delicacy of its peel and which the Citrus Trifoliata produces not waiting till over mature, becauseas carloads of fruit, properly arranged,
the daintiness of its structure lend it they are more patient and less pro. the pulp becomes fibrous the tend. !I to keep from four to twelve months,
admirably to aristocratic uses. If the gressive than we think them. To resort ency to bitterness is increased.It and in addition, I have in the base-
Tangerine ever becomes plentiful to this crabbed Oriental pigmy, is claimed for the Villa Franca ment two large rooms which I use for
enough to be within the reach of the perhaps 4,000 years old, for a stock that it is hardier than other varieties.If storing and packing, also for box ma-
common people, it will descend to the would seem like going back to scrub. that is true, it is desirable on some terial, etc. Feeling confident that the
lowest notch. The Tangerine has bulls and marsh ponies.-ED. accounts; yet while I claim that cold. best success in handling lemons will
very little inherent excellence to recommend 4..-- weather brings out the tone in fruit, come from each orchardist making
it-less than the Sitsuma. Profit in Lemons-in. still a little extra cold will tend to arrangements to keep his own fruit, I

WHERE TO GROW LEMONS. develop in fruit thus exposed a tough reccommend all growers: of lemons to

Protect Your Peach Trees. Select the highest and dryest resisting condition, which rather : build a house somewhat after my plan,
Peach trees, winter protection (pp. of citrus orchard for the lemon.part thickens and roughens the rind at the I larger or smaller, according to their

3-8)-Notes) and tabulated data on an If your have no situation which is comparatively expense of quality. The fact that orchards. In a few words, a plasteredroom

experiment in which four trees, three ;you free from frost, do not waste Riverside, with her little frosts, now or rooms, inside an unplastered
years old, were bent over to the time with lemons for leads the world in citrus fruits, really but closely boarded .and ventilated
and covered with straw to the your your crop indorses claim or why have not
ground will not be profitable to and will my structure, and a hallway running
depth of about one inch.A hurt neighbor who you raise wholly tropical climes made their markon around these rooms, which serves a
self-regulating maximum and: your may the mere insipid sweetness of their double purpose, giving an inside
good lemons as prices will be reducedby I passageway
minimum thermometer inside fruits before this? Now this i
was placed fruit. There is wisdom question, to rooms and allowing whatis
with each tree. One of these in advising your poor not only each locality but what to plant has been put to me most essential, the boxes of lemons,

trees was supplied with an arrange different orchards in each locality, to several times. I have advised those (newly picked) to be piled up in the
ment ventilation and was opened produce what it can do bestthatwill who are in doubt about the variety of outside passage until they gradually;
regularly in the morning and closed secure reputation and profit to all lemon to plant, to first set out two orthreeyear throw off excessive moisture and per-
night. The other tree was openedonce concerned. -old seedling orange trees, mit any lemon which has been through
a day and then only long enoughto and bud in the orchard after a year or careless handling, or otherwise, to develop
read the thermometers. The two HOW TO PLANT. two; then time, which solves many imperfections, etc., before the
remaining trees were not opened from After having selected the proper lo- difficulties, will have revealed what is lemons are finally put to their Rip
the time they were covered until they cation see that the soil is properly the best variety. One will lose noth- Van Winkle" sleep. I would also

were uncovered in the spring. leveled. After leveling break up as ing, as I am sure that too often advise that if the basement is" not

The effects of covering trees, as deeply as you can, so that the roots buds are nut in trees too soon after needed, to set the house nearer the
shown by this experiment, were: of your trees will have an opportunityto being transplanted, consequently less ground and shade with trees and vines,
I. Trees covered during cold use the subsoil of your orchard. vigor of growth and poorer trees. which will keep temperature down, as
weather were subject to less variation Look after the flume and irrigating PRUNING. it is desirable to keep lemons as near

of temperature than when unprotected.This apparatus. Stake not less than twenty- This is a great question, and no the sixty degree limit as possible. The
was more marked when the five feet apart each way; make the doubt will call forth much. contention. doors should be made to set close in
change was sudden and of short dura- holes, according to age of tree, from I give opinion from observation the inside rooms, no windows. A few
two to two and half feet each .
tion. one way. and experience. After the tree is set windows with close fitting shutters
2. In cold weather the trees were Be sure your tree is taken up with soilor let it grow. As soon as they appear ought to be placed in the inside structure

warmer and in warm weather they roots sacked. Somehow I thinkan remove all suckers, which some growers board tightly outside and inside
were colder than the outside atmos evergreen should never have its leave to protect the trunk of the rooms, and I now think lathing and
phere. roots exposed so as to get dry; thereare tree from the sun; rather burlap the plastering on the inside with movable
3. No perceptible injury was doneto those who say that trees do just as trunks and let the growth come from ventilator in ceiling, would be an im-
the trees or the crop in laying the well without the soil, but this opinionis the top, which will constitute two- provemenron mine. My rooms were

trees down. They blossomed as full given often to avoid sacking. Be thirds of the tree. Allow all top growthto plastered on ceiling, and sometimes
and set their fruit as well as trees not careful and cut clean from ball of soil remain, except shorten in any too moisture from spoiled lemons, which
treated. They also held and ripened all roots mangled in digging. I thinka luxuriant branches, and keep the trees were not properly handled before put-

their fruit and made as healthy a lemon tree gets more injury from well.balanced, or winds will prune for ting in the rooms, caused the plaster
growth as the other trees.-Missouri exposed and bare roots than an orange, you and more than is desirable. Now, ing to fall.
because its is luxuriant.
State Bulletin. growth more
this is all that is necessary, except WHEN TO CLIP FRUIT.
Before the last two.or three shovelfulsof
annually to clean out wood in the
A Rot-Proof Stock.A soil are put around the tree run the any When lemons, on well.cared-for
tree which is too near or has
California( grower writes to the water, and when the soil is settled got trees, are from two and a half to three
through being useful to the tree
San Francisco Chronicle: around the roots put the reserved soil inches in diameter, they should be
always remembering that the best fruit
around the clipped. There should be a good pro-
In Japan, where citrus growing has tree.
of the lemon comes from inside of
been carried on for thousands of years portion of the fruit, say one half to
where at the present time six species of the tree and nearest the ground. one third, ready to come from the tree
citrus fruits are being cultivated, they do The best time to transplant citrus PROCESSING THE LEMON. from the middle of October to the
not use any of the three stocks above trees is just as the tree is starting out
December and it
For many years the question of middle of would be
mentioned. They use almost exclusivelythe its in March and
new growth
stock of Citrus Trifoliate. They do lemon curing has puzzled me; so many best to make two separate clippingsin
not bud as we do, but propagate the .WHAT TO PLANT. plans for keeping lemons, each one that time, for if you only make one
finer citrus fruits by grafting onto yearlings My favorite lemon is the Lisbon, partially successful, and the first warm some may be too large and others too

graft.of method Citrus, somewhat Trifoliata, using after the the cleft-manner and what I claim for it is rapid growthand days of May and June found the lemonson small. Some growers clip smaller

of.our preparation of root grafts of good form of tree, profuse bear the market, because beginning to than I recommend, but the 300-107
apples, pears, etc. I have bandied tens ing, well proportioned and niform I spoil or dry. My first experienceS the-box size is the most popular. TheI




longer you keep the lemon the more rial. I use boxes that are twenty-four "Pineapple King"' of Florida. The A few days since I received a letter

it will be reduced in siz?; you will inches long, fifteen inches wide and captain told me his varied experiences, from an orange grower in Palatka,

have to make allowance for contrac. nine inches deep. Do not expose the which, to a lover of horticulture, are Fla., Mr. C. S. Brown, in which he

tion-one third to one-half-before it fruit to the sun after clipping, and very interesting indeed, and as he gives an exper'ence which may per-

is marketed. Every three or four remove it in the boxes carefully the puts it, out of his "Jersey stick to it," haps be of interest to you. About a

weeks the trees should be gone over same day into the hallway of the (after the last dollar had gone in a little over a year ago Mr. Brown

for sizeable fruit until all is gathered. lemon house. When clipping lemonsdo complete failure from want of knowl called at our office and asked me if I

Color cuts no figure, only if the tree not leave a long stem, as in hand edge of the kind of lands suited to the) could suggest a remedy for the foot-

is not in good condition or suitable ling the stem will injure the fruit next pine,) has come the wonderful successin rot, from which he had suffered moreor

lemons are not all gathered, my rule to it.Edlteil. growing pineapples in this section., less in his orange groves. I had

will not hold. It has been claimed I visited many other plantations in always looked upon this disease as a

that the first clipped fruit keeps better that section, and it seemed a wonderto microbe trouble, and suggested to Mr.

than the last, and that there is some T1eFthry.\ me that a new-comer should not Brown that as an experiment he

of the fruit that is not the true lemon. profit by the experience of the first should spray under the crown roots of
JOHN It. BEACH, Motto Fla. ;
Now, I take no stock in such claims; by successful planter in the State; but the orange tree a solution of bichlor

the trouble comes either from exces Florida Pines the Favorites.In they don't, some of them. I saw ide of mercury (corrosive sublimate)

sive chill, or from lemons that have a conversation the other day at plants that were set three feet apart, the strength of one part to two to four .

been overlooked in former clipping; I Palatka with Mr. P. Ruhlman, one of while the captain's are 22x22 inches, thousand of water. Mr. Brown writes

both will spoil and affect those near I New York's most prominent commis- and, so far as I saw, with perfect suc. that the benefit has been fully as good, .

them after being gathered. Of course, sion merchants, the discourse drifted cess, except in the case of a test with if not better, than anything that they

I do not say that there is not some into the topic of pineapples. Mr. some new variety, that is not naturalized have used. I think the growers would

fruit on lemon trees that, throughsome Kuhlman said that he had been handling to this country. One new one, suffer far less from foot rot if they

as yet, unexplained reason, will large quantities of pineapples for the White Antigua, showed its unfit- should pay more attention keepingthe

be no good. This is true of all .fruit, many years and that of all which ness for this climate very markedly.The crown roots clean and to admit of

and is not confined to the lemon, or reach the New York market: Florida captain said he had"never gottena I free circulation of air.

less to the first clipping than the oth-- pines are the best flavored, most solid perfect apple from it." ----. ..---

ers; only wind and exposure will make and finest in quality, also far the best I would like to go on and tell far The shippers of green stuff from the
of this fruit in later ther of what I have learned of this to
more clippingsthan keepers and shippers. In this connection South cannot complain of prices this
in the first. he stated that he had sold to us, comparatively new industry. year. The American Cultivator givesa

HOW TO CLIP FRUIT. Florida pines in the London market Should I do so, it would be very em- few retail Boston prices : Asparagus -

The grower should provide himself without suffering loss from decay and phatic against planting under timberof $6 to $6.50 per dozen bunches ;

with proper ladders, which may be : that often when the New York marketwas any kind, and against wide plant- cauliflower, $5 to $5.50 per dozen,

extension or supporting. First, glutted he forwarded whole consignments ing, so as to cultivate with a horse; "and one of them would not be too

though, he should secure careful, direct to Chicago with im and I must believe the advocates Of large for a buttonhole bouquet;" string

trustworthy men, who will not thinkit punity. This it would be hard to say those two systems have yet to learn beans, $4 a crate.

too trivial to carry out the details of any other pine. He concurs withus how to grow pineapples in this or any .
which must be observed in order to other JAMES MOTT.
in thinking that our occasional country.
It is highly probable that there is
secure success. Do not hurry them; losses en route are due to careless *> more virtue in thorough drainage thanin

recollect that although their time cos s handling and packing and to overheating ForMalaria, Liver Trou- lime for "sour" land, and there
you money, you will make more by and lack of ventilation on the
ble use not be a better time for ditchingin
or Indigestion, may
giving them all the time necessary to iournev.
do the work well and shouldnot BROWN'S IRON BITTERS the next twenty }'ears.
they fHe is a large dealer in Cuban pines
be hired to box ----- ..-
pick by or piece.I having heavy shippers there
many and Foot-Rot sold in '88
Pear Orange
Blight 45
have used for
never rings measure and uying many crops out and out in
ment, though some growers do. It the plantation each year. He says Following is part of a letter written 2,288 sold in '89

may be of advantage for getting the that this year the Cuban crop is very by the well known fertilizer manufac-' 6,268 sold in '90

exact size, yet there is a disadvantagein early and that it will probably be out turer, Charles Diaper, to Hon. L. B. 20,049 sold in 991
the fact that lemons \Vombwell, State Commissioner oi Itt.
some are readyto of the way by the middle of June at
60,000 will be sold In'92hf
from the little smaller Agriculture : __
come tree a the latest, which will give us a much A Steel Windmill and Steel
than others, and although purchasers I better chance than we had last year The pear is a heavy feeder and re Tower every 3 minutes.

desire mostly the 300 size, yet 360, for the bulk of our crop. Of all quires liberal supplies not only of pot c story:These of the figures eve r-growing tell the,

324, as well as 250, are good sizes. foreign pines he pronounces the ash, but of phosphoric acid and o? over-going Aermoter., everlastingSteel Where

Also the gloves and clippers, which Jamaican[ Ripley the finest which ammonia. For years I grew crops- .2 :.. one Roes others follow.
the workmen have ; with the of tht a < o iS i I and we**Take the Country."
to use reaches New York, though some of our vegetables-between rows ."t'"i;:t Tbosgh.44.wew.tssuabl.somake.llef
rings, delay the work. The eye of a choicest fruit surpasses it. Yet our trees ; afterwards I abandoned that t.-Y-ga0w&Itedt'wetbatobral'rdhotne..ebar.-l'O: the 20.049 Aermot la"91 l. Order*ofuv.
workman is all that is needed and if the well cultivated M aa:: ; ,.uyls.ressed.urplant; and are preparedErnmptly
: plan kept ground .
common pines so Jar surpass common 1 b I'" :.c-= le p'aat r IncreaM U erery
he is at times at a loss his clear from weeds and mulched N _. .'0 portion! or the(:tot*.
pines of the \V st Indies, it is kept S a:0':C Are yon carton*to know L.wehe Aer-
thumb around the lemon will with salt \Ve were :-:: II.. motor Co. lathe... ,ear ofl"nil"
probable that Jamaican Ripleys par .
grownin :-a; i 0 ucr.rame to make many times as
after he has had the diameter, approx Florida would just as far surpass ticularly careful with our mulchinj.: :;.:.2 Clot.' o.. many makers windmills combined as?all Bow other we

imate the size wanted. I like oval the imported iruit. Oar pine? have a under the ties but not too near the :: I qh'._g a C1 came tbe Steel to originate Fixed Tower.tae thtStetl Wheel bieelTJ, ...
baskets, holding from sixty to seventy, market of their own and command a trunk, as in that way we saved and wa r. m TudngTower T CT?
M =! *
five lemons, lined with burlap, which higher price over foreign fruit just as utilized for market many windfall C-i;"gQ.'J which lit.We there commenced bad.been., la...a,.pr.field.In.-Q< A
II; mmt U < and la which 9
fat "
may be carefully tacked in the bottom, Delaware peaches when they reach which otherwise would have: been lost. I.loW".v:S.. there teemed dnouhaetbeenbawn no talent amblUonai -, -9 O.
being sure to cover the heads of the the market crowd out the inferior and The fertilizers were scattered bread Ng a \4 except> la JetUt Imitation'0 Q 0
tacks with cloth. Ntvcr lemons from considerably out -y of our Inventions. -j.g
t greener fruit from farther away. cast row to row !d. Before comnioclnr the .
into a sack. Fastened to the handle ol Thus it is, that even though the side ahd beyond the branches of tht Z'i uanafactare tlfle InTetUfitlon, xbaaU...d the basket be bent wireto did all could Q-I menu were made ty a(killed 0 9mecbaoteal
may a stout, Cuban pines have been in the marketfor largest trees.Ve we to 8. which c Cover
attach the basket to the ladder or months, and though all the fruit induce the most far-reaching and complete eI>:;: teiuwcromad..sdl..A.OOO.10":1 differ. _:nent

tree. Never pull the fruit, always stands are supplied with them, the root growth. ."....: I I led by f.Jr1ll..r aniflciaUnd wheel'therefore,propel- ? r o.*
Put the fruit in the basket .DUOrla: wIAtt.wblcla.cUed r Z.
clip. first Florida pines are eagerly lookedout (n ;" dea.tte7. many qvettion O <
and when full into Oee@00i@ee( ) "' relatlei .tbe proper < g
carefully, empty for, like the first Hudson Ricer .r wbal the bet form.ancle.enrratareandamonntorall i rr.arf
the picking box first throwing a. loose smallest PHI in tho World! +aa the rnltL&DOe or Ilr 10 roeacJo-.,.bllnacUo..I..... ;..O.
shad and are wanted at fancy prices. kTho wheel such U heavy wooden arIIII.ob.&nIcUo1a. heroro the ell
fJ I. the yaoelnl roll sad Other more ab.. .
wheel many
sack into the box that it will break v &I C
so JOHN B. BEACH.o Why do you suffer straw. thosib DM k. Important qantJoDL These p 0
the fall of the fruit. The basket be- from Dyspepsia cud Sick-Headache,(6\ Investigations proved that the power of;JJ u
W the best wind wheels could be doubled, ?
ing oval, one end is put into the box, Amon the Pines.Editor rendering; life miserable hand when the and AERMOTOR dally demonstrates < 01
Is at 1lTrill
your It has been done. -*<
and then withdrawn leaving the fruit Farmer and Fruit Grower. M.To the liberal policy of tbe if motor fX.that naran- -J 2.CM .
in the box and bruising is avoided. I am just home Irom an interestingtrip TIJTT'SQ \ theeo'wmoss.o Iti (oodf .atlifetorr'p.s of its or factory pay freight bleb"abln both way to.,and far o,c 3 Oto
@) Leak lie bet article at lets than tb*poorest I*old for. For52 *
Some take the fruit from the basket down Indian River. I went downas w* furnish the most perfect bearings trer o sits
by hand and place in the box. Thisis far as Eden, that paradisaical spot. i lLiwer PiIIsG Aston, la a windmill of the,and Aermotor bare made and.exhaustive 3 Q

very safe, but time can be saved by The landscape is the finest I ever want If Joss the want tawer 1'strop.110.lI..e*..Uff.Steel te climb Fixed\itAe8teelTlltlnK T.wer-or If yea !2--
but After in "lair Florida and I think rxHiny removo all this trouble, A 7e-eri and the wheel that ran Rhea J1 other.taad*tllt g '
care must be used. saw our "
my way, \\gy enable you to rat anti digest your food y thit coati y the first basketful is emptied the lcoe I[ saw 400 acres in pines, in a walk of prevent licadarlio and Impart an The*)Rteel. triad.Arrmotor..t feed)or pemp If Ills want water. a tarn Geared frtnditoM Aenrotor.and to O O..ccher .
taken miles the river (ront. enjoyment of life to which you have A saw woo4.that does the work of 4 bone at ... coot of O
sack be gently from under two along I
can been n utrancer. Doge small. Price 9 me (flOO.write for eopiovily lltotraltd printed matter.7.
the lemons and used for. the next. While there I enjoyed the hospital. 85 cents. Office,SO Park Place,If.Y. bowing every eonerlTahl*r .>rwtn4mln *'entr. etlee] 0 Z cad
the d Bock.
work to AERMOTOR CO.ltUa. JC'u
The size of picking .boxes is ,immate*: ity_ of Capt. Thos. E. Richards, the E9.Q G 9 O. _.: @Q. Tell Ste.,Chka jo,or r. SIMI rI ae.J..St. & rrsod.ce. ,_ /


ar -




.-- .


.. ORGAN Of THE>> STllTE. fllnf'IEns' BMiffiJlCE! HflD I IflDllSTlpIi Uf1IO1.

Vol. VI. Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth. No. 17.

A Government Which Owns Rail wheat and produce, nor of increasing I strikes the London Times says "that unions, which sought only special trade

roads. first and second class fares, but once com- the distress which already existed in interests, no matter at what cost to
mence to limit the sphere cf saving and Newcastle in of the re the the demands of the Peo-
consequence public,
The railroads
of the province of you reduce the totals. The department
Victoria, Australia, are owned by the proposes to charge:: the treasury for carrying [-eated strikes in that place is now intensified ple's Party are for the benefit: of all

government, and they have often been members of parliament and their I by this latest strike. It declares and to be sought for and gained at
referred I I friends and families, and that is fair that the condition of the resi-- no cost or loss or damage to the
to as a model for our own
enough; and the suggestion, we appre- I dents in the parts of the townis public.I .
country to follow. The United States :I hend, will go far to sweep away the free poorer
will tell what these
Consul at Melbourne\ sends: us a copy I pass system. Tho fact is that every deplorable.In shortly you
of the Daily Argus of March 12, containing journey taken by a member's wife or his the preamble which I have already demands are, summed up under three
friend should be paid for, and the member read to you, formulated by the heads:
some government correspondence himself should pay, unless he is traveling Confederation of Industrial organizations Money.
and an editorial which show that on public,business.
is the complaint that "they"the Land.
governments are not always more felicitous
Thus it will be seen that the Victo- American .
people-"are rapidly Transportation.The
in their of rail
management rian government experiences the same conditions."
degenerating to European reforms demanded under these
roads than are corporations.The .
difficulties in railroads in .
managing anew There is however in
three heads
Minister one point respectof are:
of Railways addresseda
letter to the Railway Commissioners, country that the corporations do American strikes which has already That Money should belong to the
in Florida.
calling their attention to the fact that >-0Tho -g degenerated below European, or at peop'e and not allowed to be monop--
least below conditions. I olized the benefit of rich
"the English, for corpora-
deficiency in the railway financesfor Pcoplo'a Party-II.
have read in the New York papers of tions.
the year ending 30h: June likely Let me make this a little clearer by Pinkerton's detectives
sent down to 2. That Land should belong to the
to reach a sum of from ..6300,000 to
an illustration I find in the New York shoot strikers. This is what is com people and not be allowed to be monopolized -
asked devise
and them
.. 400,000
Post, just received, an account of the plained of in this same preamble of for the benefit of rich corpora
some plan by expenditurescould
strike of the British miners, whichwas the Confederation. It says: "The tions.
be reduced say ...6looocoayear
and the increased participated: in by 350,000 men urban workmen are denied the rightof 3. That the various means of Transportation -
revenue say... 150- and which rendered idle other "
200,000 organization for self protection. should belong to the peopleand
000 a
In their year. reply the Commissionerssay men engaged in industries dependingon "A hireling standing army, unrecog- not be allowed to be monopolized _
: a supply of coal. I quote a. paragraph nized by our laws, is established to for the benefit of rich corporations. Nowit

: shoot them down. Speaking of these would be impossible for me in this

We have so often referred to what is At Durham, where part of the water so-called Pinkerton detectives, Gen. I I short paper to enter at length into the
termed tho deficit that do
railway we supply comes from the mines, the local Weaver, in his article in the March meaning of, or reason for, this three-
not now to more than thatif
propose say
a reasonable time could be allowed for board has warned citizens to be sparingin Arena on "7'he Threefold Contention fold demand of industry. I must

the development of railways opened will the bo ue stopped of water daily, and at that the the mains supply between of Industry," says: "They (the rich rest satisfied if I can convince you

within the last three years there i is every noon and nine o'clock the next corporations) have grown to be stronger that every honest man or woman who

whole prospect of of tho net interest results to covering bo and the morning. Temporary pumps are being than the government; and the army renders service to his or her country,
erected in anticipation of scarcity. Attempts of the Pinkertons which is
there would be for the ever at or his or her fellow creatures by the
no necessity reduction -
of the present salaries and wages, the to negotiate with have the failed.strikers to their bidding, is greater by several work of their hands or brains, has

of the facilities afforded to the public, or keep All coal pumps steamers going arriving at Sunder- thousand than the standing army of nothing to fear from the People's

to increase the present charges. land are laying up. The export trade is the United States." Party, but that, on the contrary, each
We cannot recommend the adoptionof nearly suspended at Hartlepool. This is a case of violence begetting and all of these will be, either di
all the suggestions mentioned iu this
report unless the treasury absolutely requires The men engaged in the salt works at violence. The American strikers haveso rectly or indirectly, benefited by the

that the sum of .1:2: OOOO shall be; Cheshire have stopped work. often injured: the public, especiallyin legal and constitutional attainment of

added to tho net revenue of the depart Now, observe how this method of the way of stoppage to traffic that free money, free land and free tr Ins.

ment. the Miner's Union takes away from they have greatly forfeited the sympa portation.[ The freedom in each of

In the course of a long editorial on them the sympathy and approval l of the I thy of the general public, and even these; demands meaning only and

the subject the Argus says : general public. The men are orderedto made them blind to the offence against solely that there shall be equal rightsto

strike in order to coal: and which is involvedin all and
The public is always surprised that the prevent liberty justice special privileges to none
experts should insist upon running trainsin being-sold at a low price, so that their I keeping up the army of the Pink- with regard to money, land and transportation -

advance, as tho public think, of the own wages may notbe lowered, and I ertons. These are demands of the
traffic but the fact remains that that is although the public may not wish to That all these mechanics' and labor- People's Party. E. M. KING.

against what tho what experts they do starving They protest the see the miners' wages reduced, they ers' unions should join with; the alliances Banana, Putnam Co., Fla.

traffic., declaring that all experience; will hardly care to have them raisedat and granges, all agreeing to tog

proves this to bo a mistaken policy. the expense of being deprived of unite in one set of demands, to be The Florida Pineapple Company is

And they say also that the large saving cheap coal. And they will not likeit gained in a right, legitimate and an association of Chicago businessmen

which the public looks forward to from any better when, as we read furtheron peaceful way, by the honest use of who have purchased 125 acres

a reduction of mileage is not really almost immediately after the strike the ballot, under the banner of the in Dade county and have already
made. On a cockspur for instance, the
two or three trains that are run per the price of coal rose four shillings a People's Party, i is a consummationthat twenty eight acres of it cleared and

diem may seem to the casual observer to ton; and this during a fearfully cold every American man, woman and partly planted with pineapples of the

be UI1IWCl'8snrJ. !but it is pointed out that winter means great suffering, espe- child should be thankful lor. And if Egyptian Queen variety. The company -

the engine would be there, and the stoker cially to the poor. Besides this imme- only their methods of action can be is composed of the following
and the fireman and the in
of the station and the goods porter shed charge, and diate result to the general public, adhered to and kept in the peacefuland Business men : W. G. Lewis, president -

that consequently the only extra ex- other industries depending on coal haveto legitimate channel, an enormous ; \V. C. Ott, lumber merchant;

pense incurred by a second trip is the be closed and many thousand oper- amount of crime, misery and danger C. E. Merrill, of the Valentine &

fuel used on the journey. It will be remembered atives thrown out of employment, may be averted. And that there is Lawson Varnish Company; Frank

Wales railwaj that s were when in tho a worso New condi-South this again reacting on the shop or I <'lime, misery, and above all, danger, Madden, of the Reed, Murdock &

tion thnn are the Victorian lines tc-day, storekeepers, with whom these opera- in front of us, none but the wilfully Co., wholesale grocers; G. C. Mat-

Mr. Eddy was bitterly attacked for not tives deal. Then again, owing to lack blind, living in the proverbial "fools' thams, of the Chicago, Rock Island

reducing tho train mileage. lIe enun- of{ coal, the water supply runs short. I paradise" can deny. & Pacific Ry.; B. F. Ray, of the Barton -

ciated in the sister State the theory which So that water will only be allowed to How then shall the methods of ac Foundry Company; Dr. W. P.
Mr. Speight here that the
champions ,
into the houses from o'clock in tion of the be in McCracken M. F. A.
train service should; be ahead of rather run 9 People's Party kept ; J. Johnson, G.
than behind local requirements and he the morning until noon. This in a right and peacelul channels? of the C. R. I. & P. Ry.; F. W.

insisted that the proper way was to ease large city is deprivation, keenly felt It will be kept so by the ever Porter, Auditor of the C. R. I. & P.Ry. .

off construction so as to attract population by every individual, but it falls even widening circle of the People's Party. .; S. A. Smith, Manufacturersagent
to the existing lines instead of en- the who have The will and A. D. of the Wheeler
couraging persons to settle further more severely on poor general public more more ; Ayers,
afield.a It is not pleasant no means or vessels! for keeping a I be brought into it when they see that, l& Wilson Mfg Co., of Bridgeport,

to talk of sending up tho freight on supply on hand. With regard to these unlike the demands of the trades Conn.-Tropical Sun. -


...... ;--""
; .
S. ;
. -



Ra.ilwa.ys-The Advantages of instruction of Mr. Harrington chiefof I
Public Ownership in Germany.I The Weather.The the weather bureau : Rich Florida lands

was very much impressed duringmy Average hourly movement
Place. of wind
during June.
stay in Germany this summer by Florida Summer. Titusville, Fin........... .....9.5 miles per hour

the superior service of the state controlled The only objection to our summers, Chicago Washington.Ill. D....C..6..............8.4 9 miles miles per per hour hour (

railways of that country as as all sensible and conservative peoplewill Atlantic Philadelphia City, N.Pa..9.0 J..............9 Smile miles* per per hour hour
compared with the careless admit, is their length, and this Baltimore .............. .5.9 miles per hour
management Cincinnati miles sr'z
0..5 5 per hour -
objection can't be remedied miti-
of our own lines. There was or From the above it will be seen that
gated. If, however, our people make
scarcely an accident in Prussia duringthe up their minds that the summer in our summer wind movement, taking,
Titusville as a standard and the monthof
whole summer, while in this Florida is like a bake oven, so strongan
June as an one is tine
five times influence has the will the average ,
country nearly as many pas- power on
and one-half miles hour which is
per ,
physical condition of man that it will
sengers were injured or killed out- exceeded in but one instance in the
be exactly what they have made
right. The American railways have up list qutted-tt Atlantic City. rrr3 t 'r
their minds it will be. In order to
not enough employees to insure safety i prevent our people from allowingtheir Now a word as to temperatures,

and attention. England has four imagination to get the better of and our readers will please keep the .
two tables printed above in mind, I
times as many men, and Germany them, we have culled from the publications and make the deductions

has even more. of the United States Signal which should be proper credited to us on Farmers Stop and Think.
There Service a few meteorological statistics
are no unguarded crossings
account of our extreme humidity and WHY Spend the best years of your
allowed to menace the public, Evenat which will prove that our summer cli
never easing breezes. The following life cultivating the soils of the frozen
the stations there is no crossing the mate is about as desirable as that of
figures are from the same sources as North and West raising crops on which
tracks to reach the outgoing trains, as most of the States. The reason it
those quoted ;above : the freight is often not realized,when
is the case in our union station. To seems otherwise to many, as we have you
before said is attributable their TABLE OF TEMPERATURE.Mean.. can buy land from the undersigned, rich
get on the other: side in Germany you '
imagination. In these statistics .......... .. Max. and ferlilo as any known lands, and
must descend a flight of steps and pass reading Titusville, Fla. .... ....... 79.0 93.0
... ................. where raise that
wish it l borne in mind Washingon: ; D. C. 72.5: 9<:.o you can a crop
through a tunnel under the track. we to >e Chicago, III ..... ................. 72.0 960
The stations themselves are models of that 90 degrees of temperature in Philadelphia Pa....................... 73.0 930 United States Government will pay a
AtanticCity} N.J. ..................... of each
beautiful architecture. The new one Florida does not signify the same Ualtimore. Md! ............ ........... 73.0 74.5 940 95.0 BOUNTY $100 on acre.
t in Frankfort millions degree of apparent heat as degreesin Cincinnati. 0 .......................... 71.3 gt.o HOLD On, this itn't all. You can eel!
cost eighteen of 90 Detroit, Mich( ......................... 690 88.0
dollars. When the government in- the State of New York and many Albany, N. Y. ........... .............. 73.0 04.0 the said crop right there in your homo

tends to erect a new station it offers a other places. This apparent: paradoxis The mean summer temperature of market for 250 per acre. You ask for

prize to architects for ornamental de easily accounted for. It is thusly: Florida is higher, of course, than the "How" and the "Wherefore."

signs. There is a maximum of comforts The air of Florida !is impregnated witha that of other places quoted, but as Quite right-facts and figures count best.

in railway travel, as the stationsare great deal of moisture, and there is will be seen the temperature does not Plant the Land with Silgar> Cane

all union stations, which is pos- an almost constant breeze. This breeze go as high as at most of the places

sible since the government controls all causes evaporation of the moisture 'and besides this we have the cool TO OLD Farmers and careful perus-

lines. which collects or accumulates on the nights in our favor, which the inhab. ers of papers, the fact that there is now

Since I was in Germany ten years surface of the skin, and the effect of itants of the northern sections do not. established near Kissimmec! Fla., the St.

ago, many improvements in speed evaporation- i is well known-it reducesthe So. taking everything into considerationthe' Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale news. Wo

have been made, filty miles an hour temperature of the bodies from range of the thermometer, are talking to all our friends. Sugar-cano

being the schedule time for many which the moisture is evaporated. the humidity of the air, the never- can be raised as cheaply as corn, and

trains. The express from Berlin to Hence it is cooler in Florida when the failing breezes, the frequent showersand Uncle Sam will pay you a bounty of two

Hamburg made fifty miles an hour, temperature of the air is 95 and the cool nights-our Florida sum- cents per pound on the manufactured

all stops included. Government where there is a good deal of moistureand mers are not all uncomfortable, if our sugar. The St. Cloud plantation in

ownership also opens up a way for the constant evaporation, than it is in people will; only make up their mindsto Osceola. Co., Fla., averaged 4,500 poundsof

use of the railroads for social pur- other sections when the temperatureis be satisfied and not let their imagi- sugar to the acre last: ;year, and will go

poses. The general opinion is that 85 and where there is no moisture nation get the better of them.Florida 5,000 pounds this :year.

the. population is too much central- and consequently no evaporation.Now Agriculturist.We METHODS ? This isn't tho only big

ized in the large cities and by the as to the average amount ol reproduce the above from our chance of :your life, however. The cultivation
moisture in Florida air.Ve have contemporary for its facts, not for its
cheap zone or belt railroad system of rice lands about Kissimmeo

soon to be opened in Berlin, work compiled the following table from the arguments, as the latter fly in the face is to become an assured, profitable fact.

men may live in the suburbs and workin report 01 the United States Signal of the former. A breeze tends to pro- There is no richer or better truck and.
the without Service for 1887-the latest we haveat mote evaporation, and consequently
city much expense. market garden lands in tho world than
hand: coolness but the of that
The government management ol humidity the land on the rich overflow, or bottom
the railway finances has also been a faace. Month. Humidity Relit'ye breeze does not assist evaporation ; it lands about Kissimmee. Write for con-

brilliant success, surpassing all ex Titusville..........:..June..... ......... 840 hinders it. A moment's reflectionwill A. K. McClure editor Phil-
formation to
Washington! D C....June............ ... 68.0 convince that ,
pectations.In Chicago.Ill..........June............... 70.0 anybody a dry at- add_shin Times, who has personal knowl
Prussia Ualtimore, Md..... .June............... 65.0 mosphere will absorb moisture faster
alone last year, after .1'urUand Me........ Jmu..-............... 75.0 edge. Then in lands for orange groves,
paying the interest and part of the Pe:roit .. .. ...........June........._...... 711 than one which already contains nearlyor already cultivated or bearing,
Atlantic City N. J..June............... t 4 quite as much moisture as it will or groves
principal on the bonded debt, there Albany N. Y.........June........... .... 6: .7 o. I can satisfy you that your best interests
was a surplus of twenty-five million Cincinnati O.........June............... 65.7 hold. During the present drouth let
Philadelphia, Pa..June................ 66.5 the farmer in the field thrust his hand lie in seeing me before any one ch e.
dollars. The reduction in
/fares and
The healthfulness
Of the ten above it : BEAUTIFUL HOMES. -
i places quoted under his shirt bosom and he will
freights annually amounts to a general will be seen that the relative and beauty of Kissimmeo have
distribution I humidityof find the skin dry and cool-it is cooled
millions of over twenty five Titusville, Fla., is greater than by the rapid and invisible exhalation never been questioned. No diptheria,
of dollars. I
must say a that of no consumption) no pneumonia-in fact,
word for any other except Atlantic going on from the pores of the skin.
the of the
high quality freight
City, N. J.-a famous summer resort But during the rainy season, when the i read our medical report. Beautiful cottages
service which is
fully equal to the -and the moisture contained in the atmosphere is laden with moisture, the villas or lots suitable for resi-

express traffic in many parts of our atmosphere of these two places is skin i is!: no longer cool and the perspir dences. Write for terms and particulars.
A trunk be all
country. can sent over identical. ation rolls down his body in great COME SOUTH! And get untold)

Germany with perfect safety and con- Now as to the breeze that evapor- drops. When the air is thirsty it quantities of the grandest climate in tho
venience for trifle while few
a mere a ates this incumbent moisture and con- drinks up the perspiration before it has world free with each acre of ground pur-

cents more guarantees its delivery at a sequently reduces the temperature of time to accumulate in drops ; but chased. Come where you can till the
certain hour.
Hopkins -PROF. ELY, of John the bodies from which it is evapor- when it is damp it does not take it up soil twelve months in the year. At least

1 University. ated, although it has no apparent so fast and it collects in drops. Letus write to me for full particulars.

effect upon the temperature of the at- not defend the Florida summer W1\lr. C7=tNNON.KISSIMrilEE .

mosphere.: The following table of weather on a faulty basis ; it is the
Pi; [I fa
wind movement for the month of Juneis breezes which are its enjoyable feature Agent for the lands of the Dfeston Companies,
I hare a positive remedy for the also taken from the of
above disease;by itt publications not its humidity. for the Associated Railways' lands, and the
use thousands of cases cf the worst had and: qf ions the United States Signal Service, with lands of Kissimra Land Co.
standing have been cured. Indeed
In its efflcacy. thAt I w.H srodTiro BOTTLES so strong rn Is ray;fait nib the exception of the wind at Titus- The second: .palmetto fiber factoryin Phosphate sugar-cane, rlee, trucking,

a ferer VALUABLE who will send TREATISE xa*their Express on this and disease sub ville, which is furnished for the year J Jacksonville! : be in running order fruit mil home, crazing lands., timber Send,for general map honing farming

T. .&. Slocuxn, 31. C.. 183 Pearl St., N. i. 1891 by the observer at that place by t in'a couple: weeks.. lauds


w.- ..... -" "" <- < -_

/" .




Definite exchange offers inserted free. State I

what Open you to have subscribers and what only.MRS. you. want. I J 0 :DATtD.w..t.uaa R':.IRS,A IUANCt< THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY.

We the undersigned acting under and by virtue
IIA Vl'ES. Oriole Hemando Co.. Fla.. of An Act of the Legislature of the State nf Florida
ALL has several hundred Orchid Water Lili s to WHITNER'S CHAS. W. DaCOSTA Publisher. entitled "An Act to Provide for the Creation of for-
exchange f>r almost "thiug-pahns, pigeons, porat one and to Prescribe their General Powers and
or yellow water lilies."CENTAWORD". Liabilities," approved August 8, ISfiS. and the Act
amendatory thereto hereby associate ourselves together
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION : as M body politic and corporate for the pur-
COLUMN.To poses and under the conditions herelnaf specified.
GARDENING IN FLORIDA For One Year ..... .......... ................$2.00For that is to say: ARTICLE I.SAME .

insure insertion in this column advertise- Six Months..... .... .............. ..... i oo .
ments must be accompanied by the money.
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. : 1. The name of the Company shall be TheS.
<63 Subscriptions in aU cases cash in advance. B. Hubbard
received in Company.
Postage Stamps payment. SEC.7. The principal place of business of the Company
Count every word,including name and address FREE TO ALL. Rates of Advertising on Application. sbalt be In the city of Jacksonville lotida.

R FITZHUGH of Fla. will trade REMITTANCE should be made by Check
even one Berkshire Boar l'ig,3 months old, Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Letter SECTION: 1. The general nature of the business to be
for a yearling buc sheep. 4-28-21 to order ofFLORIDA transacted by said t'ompany.hall be to carry on agen..ral
hardwa'e merchandising: manufacturing
200 ACRES OF CHEAPLY IRRIGATED and industrial business.SEC. .
TRUCKING LAND: without expensivemachinery DISPATCH, FAltMER AXI) .V. The Company shall have use and enjoy all
or even artesian wells.: A black soil, FRUIT: (;1:0 WEll. the right,powers and privileges granted tjCorporatli -
several feet in depth level as a floor free from >n.i In the State r'f Florida by the general incorporation
laws hereinbefore recited and the right to
timber which can be flooded by the closing of a Until April 1st 1892 I will mall to acquire hold, use and dispose of such real and personal -
gate at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade property as Its business or Interests may re-
For particulars address CEO. W. IhsT1 GS, In. quire.
terlachen, Ha.ARTESIAN all subscribers remitting $2.00 for A bright,energetic manor ARTICLE III.
$ 5 0 0 0 woman wanted) to take thee CAPITAL STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS.
WELL )MACHINERY sale, or renewal or new subscription a copy pie agency for au article SECTION 1. The capital stock of the Company,ball
for cows, or orange and lemon that l II needed In every be One Hundred Thousand DoIIir divided Into one
tree.. A. A. BALDWIN- Georgiaua, Fla. of "Whltner's Gardening In FlorI ole home In and every indipen nltlce- thousand shares of O. e Hundr*d Dollar each.
A SEc2. Tneentlrecapital Mock hall be subscribedand
SALE Fir-t-cl 2-borsc ELLS AT ! paid upon the organization of the Company.
FOR ss.complete power I ida." town orcocntry. $70Uin
2.3 and 4-inch arte ian west rig. HAS bond tt()days and a steady income ARTICLE IV.
5)(0 *eet with ease. Cost $400, will ell for$200. afterward. A "nonanza"for COMMENCEMENT AND TERMINATION.: :'
<. 8-31 PACET HALL, Georg'una Fla.TI1Jhman' To all who remit $5.00 I will send W E E K the right person. Good SECTION: 1.7 he corporate existence of the Company
Jobs are scarce and shill continence at he date of the tlllnic of these
taken. Writttitonct.
s Condition FowderH this paper and the "World's Colum- ..I.V.. JONES. Manager Boon, Springfield, Ohio. artU-t. s "f Im-orpi.iration with the Secretary of State
and it* the ume* of the Clerk of yours for Duval
are guaranteed to cure Salt-sick cattle, and prevent County,Florida,and terminate twenty jean there-
cholera in chickens. nest medicine for all bian Exposition Illustrated" for after. .
stock I her faleall over HloriJa Sample pack ARTICLE V. I
age by mail for 35 cts.V.. G. TILGIIMAN.: .I'ala.- DIRECTORS AID OFFICERS.SECTION : .
the 'of
ka, ,r/ft one year subscription price SPRAY4
4-14-10 : 1. The bu lne of the 'ompuny >hf ll be
which Is $4.00 conducted by a Board of Directors consisting' of nye
I'AI' Cheaper than house iu per annum.C.
WALL members who'clt'd\ tach>earat the ..earilar -
.tate. Sim.jiles, prices and instructions nunual meeting of the stockholder,provided
free by mail. J. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. liav street, W. DACOSTA MADE BY however, that the following i anted tLcnrpnratnr
Jacksonville! Fla. 3-24-6111 -wlf: Samuel It. Hubbaiti !rrank S. Uiay. John
T THE DEMINCCO. Klnlj and s. B. Ilubbaul.' Jr.. shall constitute the
FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, PUBLISHER. Board' of Directors ui.tll the flrst regular annual
.I Estate: Journal," Arcadia, Fla. SALEM OHIO. meeting of the stockholder.
2. The utll. of the shall be President .
s c. wrs ompany a
with Mate 10 cent
$1.00 per year: sample map. Write for Catalogue and TKEATISK: ox SFBAYJXODEAFNESS a Vice Viefiidert. a'I reallur r. a Secretary and
3'2 -l2mFOR The World's Fair. such other officers as the Board of Direi-t n may determine -
POD: and all such officers shall t** elected
bushel f.o.
SAI.l-WhipporwiIJ ,
pees per ..
i the Board of Director In a.coudAn. the
ity w th
.. $2.00; Conch peas (limited quantity), per We have received the last issue of By Lawm the said By-Laws to prescribe their dutle
pound post paid 2OC; Chufa seed per pound p-ovlded that the I resident and Vtc..- "esMerit and
post paid, 3,5c; per peck. f. o b., 51.50; pearl the "JVorfd's Columbian Exposition Treasurer shall be riveted from among the Director
millet, per pound, post paid. 35c; four pounds! SET.3. The office t.>f Vlce-Piesldeut and Treasurer
'1.2S; ten pound, f. o. b.. $2.00. Send cash with may be filled by th name person.
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka Fla. Illustratfd" the only authentic organof ITS CAUSES AND CURE, SEC.4.. The Hoard of Directo s shall make such
rules end B)-fans as th-a may de-m advU' ble to
2.4.tfI'ORLECONTE,1.2 regulate the business of the Company and shall
the Great Fair. The of this
sand-YEAR OLD.KKIP- object Scientifically treated by an nun t of world-wide elector appoint. as the ByLaws may prncrJhe, 'all
reputation. Deafness eradicated and necessary sub-officer and agents.
TREES WR'TE' TO B. W. PARTRIDGE. MON- publication is to give a complete authentic cured, of from 20 to 30 years' standing, after nil ARTICLE VI.
TICELLO. FLA. u-26-tf: other treatments have failed. How the difficulty LIMIT OF INDEBTEDNESS.
historical record of the Colum i is reached and the cause removed, fully explained SECTION:- 1. The h'ghest amount of indebtedness,or
"'OR SALE-One second hand Washington in circulars: with affidavits and tetiiionials liability which the Company ball at any time
I'4 Hand Press for sale cheap at this office. bian Exposition. It contains of cures from prominent people, mailed subject Itself shall not exceed seventy> : -fire Thousand
32 pagesof
Writ for narticiilarI free. Dollar
Dr. A. FONTAINE, 19 East uth St., N. Y. ARTICLE VII.
official proceedings, and will give ORGANIZATION: or THE:_COMPANY.. i
SECTION 1. AS soon *s practical after the execution
illustrations Enameled of these articles of Incorno atlou, Incorporators
photographic printed on
FOR SALE named herein or a majority of them shall meet asa
PRINTING OFFICE Board of Directors tu complete the organization of

paper, of all the Exhibits, Build or would exchange for bearing: grove and paycash elect'nn he Company of ofTlcern.w bv .the. adoption of By-Lawi and the

difference Forty acres ot rich Pine Hammock itneM our bends red seals affixed bereo: this 1st
ings, and attractions of the Great Fair. land. Thirty acre cleared together with day oC April A. D. 1893.
plank causeway' ft mile Ion with dock and SAMUEL B. HUBBAllD.
As a work of Art, containing the most ferry i mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha FRANK s. (WAY,
River; 4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA. JOHN fo'Sm.fl. .
interesting information, it is invaluableto --- --- -- -

all \\ho wish to keep up with the .. TREAD\NELL.Reddlnsr. Conn. Do You Raise Fruitor

times and learn of the great International only keep Trees ?

Enterprise. .. .'
A SCHOOLFittin .

have had placed in my hands It will be published semi monthly rThla J

and offer for sale a early in the fall, making eighteen ;: young men for the active duties of life

Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and
copies for present year. Price, $.\. endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce. Council,
and prominent citizens tltecity where located.orcatalogue.circularsand .

postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions ; testimonials,address
\ 1. G. DUNS\IOKU.l"resident. Stauuton. Va.
(Jomplete Printing \Office\ \ ,

taken at this office, where the
SEND US 10 CENTS to pav
be send cents ONE ; and the names and ads
paper can seen, or 25 dresses five lady friends that you Tree WAS Sprayed. Tilt Tw WM NOT Sprajed.

ON EASY TERMS. think would like sample copies of' difference-in satisfaction
for sample copy to "The JloIlMeho1clI'Uot." and we There's a ,and in cash.

will mail it to you one year FRE1C: The **let alone" theory is played out. Insect

J. B. CAMPBELL, of cost.' A large 8 page, 40 column enemies are so numerous that the Fruit Grower
Illustrated Household and Farm
CYLINDER PRESS TWO JOB PRESSES Editor and Publisher YEAR Journal: one of the best in existence ([large or small), must fight or fail. The Spray

AND FULL OUTLAY OF TYPE. :Now" in its 13th year. Devoted to Pump is his weapon. It will yet be as commonas

:218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills. ,Work.hortand.:: Fashions,interesting, Horticultural Stories Fancy,Agricultural the plow. When spraying gets to be business,

and everythiugof interest to i then the best pump for the business is desirable.

the whole family. Large CASH i That inquiry brings one to Goulds Double

,< ".. .. "The World's Columbian Exposition FREE!' I'RIZES; Pilot given Publishing away. Address Co., Acting Spray Pumps. They excel all othersin

Illustrated and the FLORIDA DISPATCH New Haven Ct. effectiveness of work. Made in every re-
quisite form, to save bushes, vines, or plants; in

Further information on application to FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER for one FOR SALE. yard, field, or garden. Get a circular and full

information on this timely subject, from
year, mailed to any address, for $5. We have some of the finest Frost Proof lakefront
properties in the wh le Stat THE GOULDS MFG. CO.

Chas. DaCosta C. 'V. DACOSTA, Phosphate lands garden and truck lands, nursery ,
: W. stock and general supplies for the plantation Mfr$.of Pumps & Hydraulic Machinery,
Publisher FLORIDA ,FARMER or grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.
'. ,. < DIsrATCH Works SENECA FALLS N.Y.
':-4M ': < < I PAGE & HAMMOND.I'7tf ,
JACKSONVILLE FLA. AND.FRUf T GROWRP. .,. ..: : '' Auburndale, Fla. Warerooms, 16 Murray Street N. Y.





1 $35.Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
KEY WEST SYSTEMAND On trial to Pianos and Organs Dirtct to Your Homes.
y horn -
bcforapaying From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D.D. editor of Mich ..
them.Addreu for. igan Christian Advocate Detroit.Mich.: "To say that
i I we are delighted with the Piano does not express
EAST COAST LINES I the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instruments r
I T.8w eT & Son Pianos & Organ are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as
BEAVER FALLS PA this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred."
Extending Southeast, South and Southwest From PROP. E. H. PECK Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with
I' from Jacksonville, cover over one the casing or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ."
From B. D. GRIGGS, Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is
J thousand miles of tropical country, and all you claim it to be."
reach all From Y. M. C. A., per J. G. COOLEY, Hillsboro C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction.
prominent winter and summer Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same."
pleasure resorts of Florida: From BEN. F. STEELE Prescot Ark.: "} family is well pleased in every respect with the
,I 9rgan. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder.1'Th

The East Coast

; The Great Lake Region, JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., -THE-

' The Phosphate Fields, florida Central & ?


i The Orange GrovesAND The Florida Trunk


The Fruit and Vegetable Coal Hay Grain Wines Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc SHORT LINE
I ,

i i; Sections. .JACI SONVILLE, FLA. la addition To to 1U lon -
lions with the North by
River Junction, Lire Oak Call Ah
i THREE THROUGH TRAINS sonville and F"rnnn<

I 11** this season re-opened>>
TU fps ffcoBisvilli and IflonlicellB
Parker.$1 75 Martin Bye.$3 00
i Orange Valley...... ..................... 2 00 Vlrerlnla Glades .............. ......... 4 00 In connection with the &. P. 4 W.
The Tropical Trunk Line.These Spring:Valley...... ..................... 2 50 Old Bourbon ............................ 5' 00 AlabamalMldland and the .
:North Carolina Corn.................. 2 50 Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ..........., 5 OO leadline from Chicago St. Louis,
Clifton Club ............ ............... Old Baker ................... ......... 500 and the North and AVeU
Montrose Velvet................ 80 00
lines are equipped with the latest Through Cars from

. Improved modern appliances for the Jug Extra : One gallon, 250.; two gallon 500.; three gallon, 750. Remit by post office money Jacksonville and
order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry tl'wnl.! Fait Schfdiilft I'uttrnnn Slrrjwt.
t safety and comfort of passenger A complete price list of Groceries and Wine List, sent free nn Ano1i tinn. ern J aUuay lll"'lJro"' '

J Oar patrons call them the JOHN CLARK SON & CO. The Florida Central I iUaafft'f

: FINEST IN FLORIDA. I.! the greatest artery of travel
. rs : Qne t part. of Florida,traversing
countfea-GailsdcnJeITer9on. Duval.
Lake f Leon Nassau, 1 \
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., ltuisiomugh,uw"nnee1 h,.

T. & K. W.: ( I I ford Marion Surater., Polk Ilurnatuloand Manatee. Madison DoSoto,

richest |>ortion. It runs through
8:30 a.m. daily, except Sunday; 12:30p.m. dle Florida Region of Hill Country
daily; 4:20 p.m. daily, except Sunday FLORIDA @ Pc3INGINNITIand11@ the flue oldFarming
8:00 p.m. daily, except Sunday. / Land Farm and the New

Arrive 7:30 a.m., 8:00 ajiL, 12:55 p.m., RAILWAY @/f/@ LIMITED. (reached by no other line), some of
7:40 pjn.Trains SVSTEM ducted on a large scale. Here
Tallahassee (tho capital),Montlcello.
J Leave Jacksonville via East r Vestibuled from end to end. Solid train carrying Pullman's Finest Buffet Drawing and other towns, from whoso
Room Sleeping Can from ST. AUGUSTINE to CINCINNATI without change. Lighted with gas. ample dwellings reposing In a
Coast Lines: try Is coming a renewed energy
Day Coaches have conveniences of toilet,smoking apartmeet: etc., and are attended by an experienced the resources lavished about them.
8:25 ajn. daily, 1:00: run. daily, except porter. No extra charge. Leaves St. Augustine Daily 11:03: A.)I.; Jacksonville, 1:45 P. )I.: Calla- lag down through

Sunday; 4:05 p.m. daily. han,2:83: P. 3f,; Way cross,4:35 P. ?L;Jesup 6:10: P. M. Arrives Macon 11:33: P. M.;Atlanta,2:40: A.M.. Th PeA Countryof

Chattanooga, 8:00: A. M.;Cincinnati,7:20: P. M., and Chicago, 7sOO: A. M. Baker. Bradford Alacbua and
Arrive 0:30 n.m.. 1225 p.m.,, 5:40 pjn. ties through the prosperous

INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE "THE OHIO SPEGfAL.r'e.SOLID TRAIN. Lawtey. Starke Strawberry and Waldo farmsof

TITUSVILLE Pullman and Mann Buffet Sleeping,. from JACKSONVILLE to CINCINNATI without change. perior In profit to the orange grove
through tad heart of the State
For Melbourne daily, except Sunday. Leaves Jacksonville Dally, 7.:33: P. jCallahan; 8ilO: P.M;Wa>cro. ; 10:30 P. M.j;Jesup, 11-55: P.M.( some of lb. finest groves, one \
Arrives at Macon, 5:12 A. M. Atlanta S:35 M. 2:00 P. M. Leave Chattanooga, 7:00
3:00 a.m., 3:45 pjn.: Rockledge, 9:00: a.nL, : ; : \ ; Chattanooga, 70,000 Full-bearing Orange
7:00 Arrive Melbourne, 1:00: p.m., P. M., arrives in Cincinnati, 7:30 A. M., and Chicago 6:00: P.M. passing for nearly a mile
12 midnight pjn. Returning,leaTe Melbourne Through Sleeping Cars leave Chattanooga for Washington, Philadelphia and New York at 8:35 A. M.| making Its way southward to the
the more ironical portions of the
1:20 pm., 1230 a.m.; Rockledge 4:50: pjn., o: via tli li Scenic Shenandoah Valley Route. all portions of the State It reaches
8:00 am. Arrive Titusville 8:00: p.m., rente JntertttTakuIla .
12 noon. Rates to all Eastern Points are as low by these lines as bv any all rail routes. For berth teervM \ Springs In the West,
lion, folders and all information,apply to any Ticket Agent in Florida,or to nee River;, beautiful and
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, except famous Silver Springs, in the
Sunday, 8:30 a.m., arrive Jupiter tol.lowi.g F. M. JOLLY, Dist. Pass. Agt., 82 W. Bay St., Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. and the lakes themselves with
roundings of rolling land
' dar 3:30 a.m. Returning, leave B. W. WRENN C. N. KlGIlT, pleasant homes In green groves.
t Jupiter daiJr, except Sunday, 9:30 Lm.Ariiva Gen'l Pass. &Ticket Art, Ant Gen'l Pass. Art, to the clear lake fronts. fly m(>
I Rocklidge; following day,3:30 a.m. KNOXVILLE TENN. ATLANTA, GA. road you can most readily reach the
Hunting and Flihlng Oro,,
Steamer ST. AUGUSTINE Leaves The settler will find on the line of
a greater opportunity for varied
ORMOND of land than on any other road in

I :00: a.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT clay from and lightest marl soils and to of those richest

days for Rockledge, and way landings. whether for regular mixed farming,
In compounding a solution a part was acc'dently' on the band
8:00 spilled dairy farming, peach or strawberry
leaves Rockledge am.
Returning, and on washing afterward it was discovered tbat the Lair was completely orange groves and vegetable gardens.The
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the tourist will be gratified with its
: market and so baa been the demand tbat we are now Introducing
Connections are made at Jupiter with .? : it IT throughout IS PERFECTLY the world under HARMLESS the name of Qneen'a AND Antl-llalrlne The some bealih-seckeron spot adapted to his Its wants.ample On

t trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all points SO SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT. clay will rMe roads: with of speed Middle and Florida the

t4 on Lake Worth. LaY the hair over and apply tbe mixture for a few minutes and the Florida Central and Peninsular Is thoSporl."tI'
hair"disappears M if bymagiewlthouttheslighteetpalnorlnjnrywhenappltrd .'. 1lo,,'''.
or ever afterward. It Is unlike any other preparation ever used
call local
For schedules etc. : on
!, maps, tots like puJ'PO'e.! Thousands of LAU KS who have been annoyed noTK.-Passenger* from Northern
agents or address the General Passenger with hair on their FA CK, ECK and AKMS attest Its merits tions having ticket over tbe Florida
.._ GKNTLKMKN who do not appreciate beard or hair on their neck, and Peninsular to points In South
Agent. __ ,_""l_:__- find a priceless boon In Qneen'a Antl-Hairlnewhlch does away have the privilege of being- taken
TV with Shaving, by rendering Its future growth an utter,Impossibility onville over tbe Company line and
K. B. CABT.15. TT. ICKAWFORD." Price of Queenl Antl-Halrtne$l. per bottle sent In safety malllnr boxen postage paid br ns(securely within the going
sealed from observation a atop-over
) Send money or stamps by letter with full address written lalnly. Correspondence
General Manager. Supt.East Coot Line, "trfctly confidential. This advertisement Is .honest and straight forward ln 'TW word 'It ticket with return to their route for
1..T.S: K. W.System. !L Augustin. PI*. contains. we invite yon to d-at with n.and voa will find everything aa reprinted. Cutthfaontandi.nd tion free of extra charge. Send
to-day. Address QUEENrerister CHEMICAC CO.. 174 Race Street CINCINNATI' O. You can """"" mailed &L.DOJJKI.U
O. D. ACKEIILT, your letter'any Pout (OMce to insure rte safe dellvry.' W.will pay 30O for any case A... O.
Otaer&l Paaenpr Agent of failure or slightest Injury to any pnrch.. r7 Every bottle umfmnteed. .
: f', '.. ..lackloanu.PIsLA SPE"IIL-TO ladlca who tatroduew and sell amour their Meads 25 Bottles of Que n>Adti-Zairiae. K.t.PENJflNOTON. Traffic ) &
: wttl preaeat with a CXI.X arda best atlk. Jxtl'a Large Bottle sad aasapiea>> IX LJU..XwK1.1..QeAe
.t attK N Mi 4t frog sat wltk erda. &H41a1aQ' er ComaSl&1oa M ksata. /




rr I i




'rhe Bollevie. Joining: Coxn.pany's Greeting. I It


""'Tothe'Orange Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida:

We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops. .


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 recent j

becomes gradually available. Experts certify to it3 having value as plant fo xJ, green as it comes from the mine, of over $23; per ton as compared with commercial j

acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as follows: -

Insoluble Silicate and Sand....... .......18.61. Phosphoric Acid. ,. ................ .... 17 ?o I I Oxide of Iron ................... ........ .74 (I Magnesfaand Soda ......... ..... .... 6.39
Carbonate Lime............ ............... 4.56| Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime .... ...3900 I Aluminum ....................... 2.c7 I Moisture.... .... ......... .............. 6.55

He says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is per-

fectly burnt and pulverized in line powder. '
Serge Malyvan says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is con

tained in an area of about six miles at and around llelle\ ew.
The Belleview Soft Phosphate Is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries. and for cotton and corn it has no equal.

The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains i3 i absolutely essential. as plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof

buying plant food at so little cost per ton.

More About Soft Phosphate. rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only gives them their dark green color? Certainly cation have just commence! to start up. Mr. Me
in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn nothing the soil,as it is poor pine land. Neither Master of the firm of :\Ic tast r S Miller, of San
The following in regard to soft phosphate is from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on i is it good cultivation. Chemistry! teaches that i Mateo, visited my grove a few days since and exit -
token from the Gainesville: Sun: I phosphoric acid and pressed himself as being; very much astonished
as I did from the next thirty rows. the corn orange trees requre: potash |
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor landsof Florida humus. at the growth of the trees where the soft phos
did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest i'f lime and the pine require) j
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no have all but the had been applied. If will remember
the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it > In muck and phosphate we J. phate you
fort of duubt. Those who have given it a test unh .- this on all my crops." I This added gives: us a perfect fertilizer, the first shipment of Phosphate was made less
sitatingly speak of it in the most complimentary year j and yet there are men who tell u+ that it will not than Sixty\ days since and until the last few day
terms Mr. George Saxon, writing from do. that the raw materials must be manipulated we have had very little rain.
Tallahassee, says';: Soft Phosphate. I by the chemist, and refined product fed to our I I am fully convinced that one ton .of the Belles
The soft' phosphatereferred tofu the granulated tree What nonsense! I don't believe any such view Soft Phosphate hasa greater value as a plant
article, containing the elements of ground bone Mr Sutton, one of our Alliance! ex-editors a laws entered into the Divine plan of Nature."- food than a ton of onr.Fcrtlltzer that has ever
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone.phosphate writes as follows to the Florida Agriculturist' on Phosphate Field. been brought into the State,and I would warmly
) crude as it cornea from the mine. This matter of much interest to our farmers: \ Mr. sutton has since ordered thirty-five tons to recommend its use to the orange growers in the
sott phosphate was put upon cotton last year "Now Mr. Editor, I am tae same cran1 still, his State Yours: truly
alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers, and the reonly more so, on the subject of muck, soft phos put on groves adjoiningVelshtou. D. CREENLEAF.
suit wa fully or more than double, in yield of phate and home-made fertilizers and, like the -
cotton over the cotton sted, while it gave four fellow who killed the: rattle snake. I have the 1
times the yield over the same land without any rattles to show. My trees are looking better according JACRSOXV' ILLE. FLA., June 12, 1891. CEDAR KE\' FLA., Dec. 21. 1891.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore, of Leesburg looked to age than adjacent groves upon which C. B. SMITH. President nell vicw Phosphate, C. B. Smith, President Bellevieiv Mining "'f
this crop while in full fruitage and he said that commercial fertilizers have been ustd. Muck. Jacksonville Florida:
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this} soft lime, soft phosphate stable manure and potash tEAR SIR-Knclosed please find my order for : DEAR pariy SIR-"J: .onrs of ijth received. It gives
phosphate had three time* more fruit on it than will do me to mane a grove with, and I don't twu more cai s of Soft Phosphate. I have used me pleasure!' to state that I have used nothing but
that fertilized with c.,)t'ou sred. Thinking this think I will come in behind in the race with. the seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have the Belleview Soft Pho phate on my grove the
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. noticed with much interest its effect on myoranue past and I have been more than satisfied
above but I am free to admit that he h i a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubility trees. The first carload I applied to something with year the results. The trees are looking as well
judge of such matters than I am." of soft phosphate would have these doubts removed over five hundred trees and the results have been
as they have ever looked even when I used expensive
J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county.say! : "I by visiting a small grove in Welshton simply marxelous. The adjoining five hundred fertilizers. Many persons have heard ofspritiginaboutafouracrefieldofcontonaboutan
:put soft phosphate on sixteen row of corn last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing! and the difference and phosphate has ad.
years than phosphate. It has not had any cultivation between the two fields is i something wonderful. my experiment? You
their estimation.Very
average quality of the land. I broadcasted the this se. son.and yet it is holding its own On one side every tree has started with a ,'igorousanced tit
a: oft phosphate over the land, after breaking it up with well-worked and fertilized groves If not growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen truly REV.yours.F. R. HOLMAK.Prices .
i well, at about two tons per acre. Then I hare soluble, what makes these trees grow; what in a grove The trees which received no appli-

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. F. O. B. cars"at Belleview, Florida :

Per tons Ur1d.rled irs B'-11Ic III III ., III $x.00
Per ton: I3rieds in. 13u11 III III a *!SiO.OO
stand JSe&olcod 5jjl 13.00
Per tons: ita.i Ao.t:, Orocs-Jtad ,

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send order3, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to
C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

Y -


L-Mleot Improve +. IbruimtU our 1'rrteeNuw.wd 3 t \' FANCY
i:mplre Pumpninlr the liquid uiomniieally and will*pray 1OO Tr* .1'er Hour. L4 POULTRY.
t'e make the Little Gem an pray nniile,nmxl eooo mieal: pray uaixl in the w rld. Ala a llor* Paver Sprayer at low price. "
I l : r e fn.Hrli %
.ddr.uplelalyjriatauotJ.F1LLDFUBCRPVMPCU.Ul6BrbtoiZve.LUCk GILT\.]. ATTEXTIOX -
--- --- I t 1.1 / ;, HEREAFTER all fowls sent

? ," !', by express
.. II7n II -z. ., will go at one-half the former
Ja. a -I r' rates -a great saving to my cuss
A MAN PianofiirS45c: : o__' o '" d tom rs. This is! by special arrangement
t 71 ; Y and is confined to
,_ t fowls! from my vards.!
HIS NEICHBOR! Clfllos We are the largest! breeders of
paid onlyReJlm 0 9 ,.. J thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
4 'I r *, '- Come and see our stock or send
S375.Fortbrvcrysnmr. az "' % ; for our illustrated catalogue and
issilH : :e price list of 14 varieties .
t'Lana.Neltberrne k Poultry !supplies of all kinds.
\TI"Ctrth Incubators and Brooders, Shells
a nickel over$::W. 0 s and Bone Mills!, Clover Cutters.
1 Q insure Yourself{ "a r'"n \? :" Wire Netting, Desiccated! I'ishand
y t Boiled Blood and! Bone to make
against paT n/t/ eel rbttat hens lay
iirtrm by bcjing
direct from ay q to
LUDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Ga.

I Who have but(hie lHff and that the 1.**r*It****. ..m01 E. W. AMSDEN
I You cnn't pay them more than instruments .4 Av Ormond, Fla.
\are actually worth. They are not built that tray.: ,,
Writ for Latest SPECIAL OFFEnSe N C o
0 N A -I ? :

Milwaukee FIDPid; Ol1aqge CD.

Selected strains of Choice t Varieties! pf Citrus. Fruit Trees! a Specialty.
Did you ever receive a letter You can Iding-Wood for !sale at all time.
receive Roses the tame way-by mall,
postpaid. The Californian or the Pennsjl- Our stock large complete. .
1 vanlan can alike enjoy) the advantage of i t Catalogue and Price-List, address
dealing direct at the hose headquarters of ,
the world. Success la universal with our A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.



We desire the acquaintance of every
flower lover In America and offer our Ton JACI;;SONVIuLE9 F'LORIDA.OSee .
Guide and Catalogue free by way of ins Clark's Cutaway: so West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the P. C. tat P..R..R.r gt
troduction. It mirrors our Immense stock, Johns! River, East Jacksonville.!
and gives a quarter of a century's special HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.I .
flower experience for the asking only. Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. .
Other'flowers also. No fancy prices.: keep in stock seven styles, cutting in width
The Guide without price. ndyouraddress// from two ((7)) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from $10.00
'THE DINGEE & CONARD CO.< to *31.00. Send (catalogue.. Wholesale dealers in and importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals.

Reu Crftl1lf"1&S"ds", ,,,WEST GROVEPA.< .$. HUBBARD, Gen. State Agent. Send us your name and we will mail you from time to time much general information rennlinxwccesfal :.
Federal Fla. orange -vegetable. culture in Florida.

I .

r .






j Ij I : The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

T to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C., Y Y, -

Both ways :
From New York. From Jacksonville,
.(Pier 29, K. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Friday Mar. 3 r. M......." SEMINOLE. ".......Sunday. Apr 9:30: A. U
Monday, Mar. zSth at 3 1'. 11...... "IKOQUOI;' ..... Tuesday Apr. 5th. At II:30 A. U
Wednesday,Mar. 30th at 3 r. )1...... "YE I4\SSH '" .......Thursday Apr. 1:00 r. Mi
i Friday. Apr ist, at 3 r. Y...... ALGu-JQUIN''" ......Sunday. Apr toter. at 2:30 P. M
Monday, Apr. 4th. at 3 r. at ..... "CHEROKEE" ......Tuesday. Apr 12th. at ..:\0 A. ltIt
t Wednesday! Apr. 6th, at 3 P. )[..... "SEMINt1I.E.. :. .......Thllno :
Friday, Apr. 8th, at 3 I' s:....... IROQUOI4 ......Sun.tay. Apr. 17th. at 1.30 A. II
Monday, Apr. nth. at 3 r. )f...... .Y1MASSF.H..Tut'Sd..y.. Apr. 10:00 A.'M
I Wednesday, Apr. i3lh at 3 r. )1... .. "ALGONQUIN." ......Thursday. Apr. 21st. at 1130 A. M f f tis fcS k3 rjjjt T *i I* *- cT5 ->>-*- ** fjs
Friday Apr. isth at 3 P. M...... "CHEROKEE;' ....iuud .y. Apr 24th. at 2:30: P. Jol : *
Monday, Apr. iSth, at 3 r.JoI..SI-\IINOLH..Tuesdd:: ).. Apr. 4:3'tA.I
f Wednesday, Apr. 20th, at 3 1'.1........ to IROQGOIS.;.. ......Thuro day. Apr. 25th. at 5:30 A. ast i
Friday, Aprr 22d I, at 3 P. n..YhbIA3altiE.Sunday: 1\lay l"t", at boo A. Jol
Monday Apr. 25lh at 3 r. U...... "AI.GO=QUIN" ......Tuesday May 3d. at 10.30 A. M
1 Wednesday, Apr. 2th. at 3 r )1...... .t.ClIIkOKE1" .....Thurbday, May 5th, at UOO: 1\':>i
t Friday, Apr. 291 h, at 3 .". ...... er JoIrn Go Cln"is1opherIS :


For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on Friday!,April 29, May 13 27 and June 10 and 24. Thursdays. May 5, 19 and June 2, 16 and 30.
T/ciastrurltahlpcaabrri&built especially for rarrjlnJYtilt nwl Vtyttablig, and it
St. Johns River. perfectly ventilated. Time between Jachttonrllle and 3eiP York 72 hour


I The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers Agent Jacksonville. Agent New York. Gen'l Mau'r, Jacksonville.
Pier 49 Hast River.



: "FRED9I-C DeBARY,99 53 to 55 hours between 'Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

CAPT. T. W. LUND, JR., between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

{' Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at 3:30: p. m., and from Sanford
:' daily except Sunday at 9 a. m.
Leave 330: p. at.......... ............. ....Jacksonville..............................Arrive READ 11:UP.45 p. M
; S.-OOF.M..................... .......Palatta................. ..............Leave 7:00 p. M
".. 1030 A. U..1 ff.............. .....Astor.................................. '. 2:00 P. U Ra.tes: I
I! 245 A. K............ ................St. Francis............................... P.of
i 0 5:DO A. M................... ..... ....Beresford................................ 11 1245:. 5 A v Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class 25.63; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion+ $43.50
6xx: >A. M...........................Blue Springs............................. 11:00 A. M Steerage, $12.50.
I Arrive 8.-oo ". M.............................Sanfoid....................... ;..... 9-00 A. M Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $27.00; Intermediate $21.00; Excursion $47.30; Steerage $14.25
1 r 9:15 A. M.... .......................Enterprise; ............................ 9:30: A. M The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follow:

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.

i F. M. IRONMONGER: Jr.. Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fla. [Central or 90Meridian Time.]
W. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green New York. City of Augusta. Monday May
J. O. PELOT T. and C. Agent foot.: Laura Street Jacksonville. Fla. ay. May 3d io.oop.ra
A. G. WATSON, Freight Agent, foot of Hog-in Street Jacksonville. Fla. Kansas Friday, May 6th, 2.00 p.ntCl1attalloochee.
JOHN L. HOWARD Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street Jacksonville, Fla. y, May 7th .oop.iaNacoochee
J. A. LESLIE. Superintendent foot Laura street Jacksonville. Fla. \ May 9th 2.oo p.m.
MARSHALL II. Cf..YHB, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York. City of ItirinliiRliam ..Tuesday May loth, 4.30 p.m
1 TIIEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York."W"M. City of \, .Friday, May ijth, 6.ooa.ttI
Tallahassee" May 14th, 7.oop.m
I P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents Kansas City.Monday,3fay 16th, 8.00 p.ntChattahoochee.
May 17th. 9.00 p.mNacoochee
12 South Wharves, Philadelphia. ..Frl..Iay.Iay 2oth, I2oom
G Bowling Green New York.QIlsI.D City of Birmingham,: Suturday, May 2isi, 1.30 p.m
City Augusta,: .) May 23d.! 300 p.m
Tallahassee! .Wednesday, May 25th, 300 a.ra
YOUR FRUI TREES i MIME Kansas! . Friday, May 27th 6.00 a.mChattahoochee
May 27th ?.oop.mNacoochee
i A Leaf Blight of Apples PearsCherrtes.EXCELSIUR[ Spraying ...Monday, May 3oth. 8.00 p.m

ALWAYS SELLS AT GOOD Pkltfeb. t.IU.OUtu.; Jiuw'1- Macon ..Thursday, May fth.
: Injects to Fruits malie.1 free.
Plants at Bottom Price Large Stock of Fruit Trees, Gate City.ThuNda), May 12th. 5.30 p.m
) Address WJI. srAHLQumcy,Ills.STA73hISITY .
City orIacon.. Thursday, May igth, 13.36a.m:
Gate City.......................:....................................Thursday, May 26th, 5.00 p.m
: ; +D 1S?c;.

WILLIAM A. ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

BOUIIS & CO. De soug.................................................................Monday, May ad, 10.oo..m
C Detsoug.Dcssoug...............................................................Thursday, May J2th 5.3op.m
Cb b WHOLESALE .......... ...:.................................. ..............Saturday, May tad, s.oop.m

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers THESE PALACE STEAMERS,

Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line),offer to the
Traveling Public and shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE FLA. Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, Hast and Northwest via
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
B. R. PRICE. Soliciting Agent W. H. LUCAS Fla. Pass.Agent,
I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville 77 West By Street.Jacksonville.
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat New Pier No.35. North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.,
Grits Meal RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
L. JAMKS. Agent 13 S. Third Street. Philadelphia.J .
COTTON SEED MEAL Both b. llA--IlAWiN, Eastern Agent, bav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co.. 261 Broadway.N.Y.
Bright and Dark. A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent, W. I;. ARNOLD. Gen.Tray. Agt.. Jacksonville Fla.
---- 306 Washington st.. Iigzton. W. II. RIIETT. General Agent.
STATE AGENT: FOR For Tickets apply to S., F. &.tP.Railway office. 317 Broadway, A ew York.

J. E.
Tygert&Co.'s ,
you need stationery of any Irind-paper
Star Brand Fertilizers, NITRATE SODA, lag DO and pens Publishing and ink?Home If 1'0. send DmCosta Fla Pnat WE StCKl ViE!


Comprising a1E.-c SULPHATE POTASH lif|* H CIIP PIIC Otffa. a I lOOmHG CHllDfiN

Orange Tree and VegetableFERTILIZER. H L I LI MIlling,oifeH *;Pv..p.
I | /.3.Wlnd&Sttoun MacA',.Encgchprtla 3to. rabj ct to SPASMS an mo.t Jlkclr tronMed wlta
Etc n.
WOBUS l..torUlI.I.tb. eel.bratb
The American Well I Worki Aurora IIU
These Fertilizers have no superior la the market and m trial will convince. Ii-r1 ELM S.Cur.L ST..ClllCAGO.ILL.'l ...... "...... BeeaeoJ'unIDD.&Ddnflverfan.. .
I STKHT.DALLAS TEXAS. f J Iarb'shat I .lu1tlab B..L t>





V (FEllTILIZEllSo -*1 FEllTILIZEllSo .

Blood and Bone, Chicago Bone Meal,

Pure Fine Ground Bono, Darlc and iBiiglrt: Cotton Seed Meal. .
Animal Bone arid .. Potash, Tobacco Stems, .: !I.

:*'.. Blood, Bono and.IPtxlvorlssocl Potash, Canada Hard \ZSToocl As1'1es, ;

Animal Bone: Su1pha.te of Potash, <&0. .1.1.t



GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
President.. VicePresident.H. -
T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, By Buying the FERTILIZERS that Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED.
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. .
CAPITAL $100,000. :



Collections and General These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the .
Respectfully solicits your Deposits, %\__ ..

:Banking :Business.CORRESPONDENCE Orange,Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida. -, ., .

Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.
.- O. WEEKS, State Agent, :';*: +

DIREC ORS I No. 8 Bostwick Block : I

.John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, .
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald, Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free .
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, upon application.
Dr. H. Robinson. .. John E. Hartrldge. GIV] :US A. TRIAL.Bowker's.:

1 I

1 1fegetable

yi' n a

1oE Grower. t :.

{ I "Uniform good results. In every re.' ct .
: the very best high-grade Fertilizer I ever -:
tQ i used.0 J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oaks "
(1) Groves, Manatee, FJa. ,

"% GROW in 60
TEGETABLES to 90 days,
V and, as a rule, do best on a manure that

is available and about ready to nourish.

Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,

RPILIZER I S ( made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

b composed of chemicals especially adapted to
vegetables, which feed this class of crops in a
They produce strong growth. of\*oo'l an J a large yield of the best quality truit. Mr.F.C Buffumoi i .
Stanton.11a..says: '1 am cultivating nearly y oo acres of orange and lemon trees and a nursery manner to produce a healthy growth which withstands
the largest in the State and I have experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizer i
ofleml lor sale in the State and I find yours more satisfactury than. any others I have used." Send disease and matures early. For sound, "
for our beautifully illustrated pamphlet. delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, use

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO., 27 Kilby St., Boston |AUGUSTA: SGA.s the BOWKER Fertilizers.

Saw aadGrJat nU.4 B.P.
I FARMERS and lar f'r. ('atal ue free.I Send for Illustrated Catalogue,Free. I.
DfLOACH HILL CO. Atlanta.Ca.

Tone,Touch,Workmauali'p Durability tb.em
THOMAS P.SIMPSON.W*'hInKton your old family Bibles: make as .
Baltimore.22 and 24 Ea t Baltimore Street. PATENTS I REPAIR DaCosta Printing.and Publishing -
D.C. No atty'fe until Patent as new.
New York, I1R Fifth Ave. : "
$30,000.00 ,Fla. *
Washington, 817 Market-Space.. :Capital,; tained. Write fur InTentor1 Guide I House Jacksonville


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