Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00226
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: March 31, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00226
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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DACOSTA & POWERS, ", )' l JACKSONVILLE, FLA., MARCH 31, 189$......-. AVhole No.. 120S Vol. IV, No. 13.


w, & RIPLEY .. ....... j jlIASUFACTURER8

AGENTS &IZT! ,.... WHITE i DIAMOND : 01'- ,

Has proved to be the earliest and finest grape in Florida, being fully two weeks earlier than Niag- .J: :::
57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. ara All the White Diamond grape vines we offer for vile have been grown and will be shipped .
direct by the Diamond White Grape Company of Rochester, N. Y. They are guaranteed to be ,
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnishedon S strong, healthy two-year-old vines and our prices for the same are as follows: I

application. FOIl CASH, $22 PElt 100 or $20O PER 1OOO.( r_- J


BROS. Send for price list and descriptive pamphlet giving terms for vineyard planting on time. Ad- .....
BARNETT dress E. DUBOIS, BOX 182: Tallahassee, Fla. General Agent Diamond White $.4 .
AGENTS Grape Company for Florida and Georgia.Also o hAnd .
full stock of Niagara Delaware Ives, Cynthiana, Norton, Chassellas, Black Hamburg and =
FLORIDA :FRUIT EXCHANGE. all other leading and new varieties of grape vines, native and foreign. oQ -

Wholesale Oommission, Fruits and Vegetables. \ ...en
Prompt return Stencils on appUcatlon.1M FOUR NEW WATBilMBLONS.
hnnth 1\;"iPr "'_t_r'htraa.PALMER '
Building Material.CHARLESTONS. .
RIVENBURG & CO., --- --- ---- --

SUCCESSORS TO THE DIXIE--The new shipping melon; RUBY GOLD--A seedling with variegated C.
superior to Kolb's Gem. ; splendid for home use.THE .
WILD--A native melon dls- DELAWARE The largest melon of
THE large --
J60 :Reads Street, New :York.
among the Seminole Indians A single melon weighed 129 pounds BENTON&UPSONJACKSON
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. in South Florida. and 11 ounces. I
Lemons, and all other I
Oranges Pineapples
J'JIICJI Ten cent each of the four varieties, thirty cents,
: llt'I'JIf'I..et or one package
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, pox 11ft I 11. rJ3OXII FL.-i.,
All consignments! promptly remitted for. Sten- Anyone ordering from this advertisement and mentions this paper will receive a packet of White
cils and market reports furnished free. Gem Melon,the most prolific one known.

chants References and banks: Bradstreets of the South.,and established mer-. H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Seedsmen and Florists, IRRIGATING



New, Rare and Jll /u''lltio";

I Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers. ]

Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for Southern -
lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plants
AND LEMON TREES No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter No. 34-i6-quart gift crate i I .
In all the leading varieties,budded from bearing No. 42-4 one-half Bushel'j No. 36-32- "
trees on our own grounds and guar- No. 56-2" No. 30-32- Standard crate.
anteed true to name. I
All the New and ))t"liIlrahl.Tro1)ll.al i Send for catologues.prices and samples.
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive PIPE PIPE FITTING BRASS
Catalogue for 1892: tells all about these things,and SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.
is sent free to applicants.! AddressR. *
_Seven Oaks, ila.L .

J' POULTRY FOOD I R. ,M. BURROWS & CO., Write for Estimates.


::V COlfIJ.lISION 1fIERURAlW"S, Jennings ILLUSTRATED Nursery LIST Co.FREE., Thomaa

01 fc 66 PROSPECT ST.., Cleveland, O. yule Georgia.
connected in with so-called Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling
rT"\Ve are not any way any Six days mrliei than
H Trade Mark. prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited. REFERENcEs-Mercantile National Bank ; any TarifirU* ted at the
IIOLLI8' CANNED MEAT Wm. Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers; Childs, Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad- G Agrlcuifl Ex. Ground
FOR POULTRY streets'and R. G. Dun&Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer, "Cleveland.Soutbernmost at Ui neva,N. Y Color
Will Make.. Hens Lay I T greenlshwhite.. pulp
tender, sweet and dllcioua. >
Will Make Chickens Grow! Tbe rtulr
AND GOOD FOR MOUI.TINO FOWLS. Florist Establishment in U. S. earliness that ranks and.first qualltj.both In

This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully -- 'i< -{ Lash vine scaled with

cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermetically A ESTABLISHED 1883. cur mark rrjrhteied label. Send trade-for

t r sealed In 8-lb cans. Being ground tine,It e a Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns, .vcu'ara 1"III..lur","r Information. Agents wanted.KOJSS.
1-_ can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed ,. j| Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole itdrtaa STEP***.* 'W"4 New Lanaao.: Cfc

so as to give each fowl an equal share. Prlc z world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of ioc. Clean,
1I; c. SO eta per can; 13 per doz.. Address HOLLIS ) healthy stock. Low prices."LIoRsREASONER. jjFENCINQWIRE
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 NorthBoston.Mass.
[Mention paper.' BROS., Oneco, Fla. .


Giant, Parry's,Japan Walnuts,Japan Golden
Russet, Idaho and Keifler Pears Eleagnus
\ .Lonplpea; ,Hardy Oranges; and other valuable Ten acres devoted to testing new varieties. Thirty acres In orchards. One quarter of a million
.. novelties. Small Fruits, ,Grapes, etc Fruit, ((250.000))nursery'trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-92 is the most comprehensive -
'' Shade and Nut trees. Ornamental Shrubs Vines we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address
',' ,etc. Illustrative:Descriptive Catalogue free.

-, ', t' J.2S-JDl WILLIAM Parry, If PARRY nil Jerry., G. L. TABER, :-: Glen St. Mary, Fla. I RABBIT. I.xr'LLL& POULTRY woTDwIumRto.cECuQ FE Crrtiotratl.

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Is the most effective compound yet discovered.for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign remedyfor

the various forms of fund on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stare of growth without injury.

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest oian e growers in the State during the past two years, and has given

perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. ,

FOR RUST MITE, USE.ONE OUARTVTO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayedfor

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees it is betterand

cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, yiz.: One gallon of solution to 50 rations of water, as the fumes! from the !Insecticide

will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen touch them. In using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

three or through the season, thereby reducinthe cost from one-third to one-half. This is an Advantage Possessed by

no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it will also kill the other insects that may be moving the trees.

FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.

PRICE 20c. PER GALLON, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at cost.McMASTER.

& MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.



-The F1orl.da: Dl.spa1ioJ:1.: : :: :LixLe: : -

With the Magnificent Connections.

4VAvi The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.


The attention of shippers Is directed to the Plant S. S. Line between Havana.Key West and Tampa,and south Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford S. F.&W.Ry.between
Jacksonville,Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and C harleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,BMton and New
York,and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all
points North and Northwest i Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections:
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Bainbridge,
Savannah Jesup and Savannah to all points in Florida;fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jack-
Dally fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonville,Callahan and Live Oak. .
and Coast points, Including New;York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from A
Providence. New York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and
Four connections a week for New York via Oce ;8teamshlpCompanyleav1ngSavanuabMonday. Saturday.The .
., Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 4.1L
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners'Transportation 18 and 25 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with last-
.leav-ing Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for all points In Florida.
l Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia May 9,19. and =39,
June f.11.18 and 25. every five days from regular failing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten daya via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
Savannah June 4.14 and 24. Friday, making close connection with S.,F.A W.Ry.for all points in Florida." ,
Bailing days for Steamships are subject to change. without notice. l

The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickestfand beat freight route tom all points North,.Eait; ndWest| to Florida. For particulars,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply to
any agents of the above lines,or to WM.P.HARDEE,Oenl Freight Agent,Savannah,U...
tX D.OWENS,Traffic Manager,:Savannah Ga. P.B.PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. )I.DAVIDSON, Genl Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fla.
,J.r.,J011).ur,Tray.Agent,Quiney. :TJ.E.DKATTOK,Trav Agent, Jacksonville. .J.H.SrzrHxxs,Agent,Jacksonville.


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]VIapl\e iIl Cleave to the Fruit Exchange.Editor I$r.65 or $1.70 per box as the base Qrrove and o ell apd.
\ .
Farmer and Fruit Grower: price for oranges at that point. Some
'" There are three questions that stare would grade more, some less. The
Call for a Convention. the orange grower in the face : Who Exchange should then add their com- THE] SATSUMA.IN .

Though this document will be stale can best market the orange crop ? mission and freight to destination, SOUTH FLORIDA.It .

news before it reaches our readers, How can it best be done? And if a and this should establish the minimum has been planted here some little
of or boxes and be stated for that for the decade but far I
crop 3,000,000 3,500,000 price, so mar past so as
we give it as the basis of com-
space depress prices as this winter, what have learned (and I should know)
ment: will we do with the four to six million ket.The Exchange should be powerful there has been no extensive planting.

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., March 24, 1892. boxes that we" are sure to have lateron enough to run its own auction houses There is some little call for it, but I
To the Orange Growers of Florida: I ? I do not agree with those gentlemen with its own men. If the present sell 1,000 trees of other varieties to

There has been a very general feelingof who decry the Florida Fruit Ex I commission of 8 per cent. is inadequate one of the Satsuma, except when
discouragement the results' of change. They must remember that it no doubt the majority of growers called for in the Southwest, where
of 1891 and 92. The
prices orange obtained crop were so much less than is far easier to tear down than to build i would say advance the price to 10 per there is some little more frost than in
those of the previous season that the up. Nor do I believe that the Exchange -. cent. Southern Florida. We like it as an
question has naturally arisen as, to the is doing all that it should or It is not in the writer's mind to have early orange, and last March I gath-
4 causes of this J'oingdown; of prices and can. Rightly managed, it ha a grand I injustice done to any class of men, ered some that were very fine in qual--
the remedy. In 1884 a similar crisis occurred future before it both for itself and the indeed.
and there seemed to be a neces- but to obtain justice for the producer.The ity
sity for conference and investigation of Florida grower.As I DISPATCH informs us that Minneapolis There is no question but its habit of
remedial measures. It was generally we have found out, the auction and St. Paul commision men not starting growth and bloom as
agreed that what was needed was an houses in the North are run by commission I; are organizing auction houses and no early as the sweet orange, being often
organization and a concentration of the men and it is to their interestto doubt will be ready for the next Flor- several weeks behind, that it is very
in the of better
plans orange for growers preparing the adoption fruit for market buy the fruit in for their trade as '; ida crop. The fever seems to be much less liable to be injured by early
and providing a better system of mar- low as possible, and they will do it. '| catching and it will not be long be- frost ; but I cannot believe its withstanding -
keting the same. The crop of the State Who has been benefitted by the great I fore every city of 50,000 or more will cold to the extent claimedfor
then was about 600,000 boxes. The crop fall in orange prices this season ? The i! have its fruit auction, and this means it by Mr. McFarland and some
for 1891-92 will not.fall much short of ''
consumer to a slight extent, but inmost disaster indeed to all orange interests, others who have written about it.
3.500,000 boxes. The
now in full
" bloom, promise a still groves larger crop. cases largely the retailer and the j j I furnishing another case of the sur I As to acclimation, the term infers

-t4 There seems, therefore, to be now a commission houses, while it all comes .!': viva! of the fittest or wealthiest that the nature of the tree will have
f still greater necessity for a conference of out of the producer. The Exchange, '':| unless some one strong organization become so changed that it will stand
fruit-growers to consider the questions if supported and backed up by the''' comes to the front with more cold than it naturally does. I have

connected interest. with this now very important growers, should be in position to say both capital and brains and takes the this to say : In no plant we have any
what the fruit should be sold at.I I' of has this been
The Florida Fruit Exchange was the price matter in hand supported by the or- accom-
product of the crisis of 1884 and was Someone will say that is nonsense; I ange growers. pl shed. There is no such thing as
established to meet the difficulties which all that is governed by the law of supply i j'i I cannot but believe in the futureof acclimatizing plants.Of .
were then so patent to every one. It has and demand. True, but cannot'!'' the Fruit Exchange, and trust we the tree being more easily grown

and been has in been operation measurably now for successful seven years and the Exchange govern the supply to a may hear something encouraging soon I than other oranges, the reverse is true.I .

it has had the test of seven years expe-; very large extent ? Are they not in from them through your columns for have always condemned it for its
rience. No other organization of a business touch (or should be) with all the great the future. We will probably secure bad behavior in the nursery. To usea
character has been effected.We centers of trade, and know how much better prices for the balance of the friend's words, as soon as the bud is
in now desire the fruit-growers to fruit is wanted and where to ship ? season, but the fact remains that the out, it starts for the ground like jump-
meet conference
which now press to consider upon us-how the questions to- How easy it would be for them if bulk of the crop has been sold at ruin- ing out of a two story window. In

secure better and cheaper transportation, too much fruit is going forward to ous prices and the subject should not the nursery I can fit three trees of any
how to open up new markets abroad, send out of Jacksonville on every pas- down. other variety for sale as cheaply as
how to prevent the shipping of green senger train a signal flag, have every !I With some such plans as above one Satsuma, as it is very difficult to

safely fruit, how our marketing to avoid gluts season\ how and to protect if station agent equipped with like signals suggested I think our first two ques. get it in shape, so as to become a
sible, to promote a greater union of pos-action to fly from his station, and all tions are answered, and I see no other salable tree-I mean a tree of some
for the furtherance of the best Florida would be notified in a day or way but to depend upon the growthand size.Its
solution of all the questions bearing two not to ship, or to resume ship development of our country and habit while young would lead an

upon We this therefore industry.invite all ments as the case might be. Again, the European trade to take care of the amateur to think it a dwarf, but with

all interested in the fruitgrowersand industry some one will remark, you can never last. SATSUMA. age and proper training, it is a rapid-
of Florida to meet in conference orange at Jacksonville succeed in having the railroads do : -I. growing, well-shaped tree with us
on the 20th day of April for the that, it would interfere with their I The sportsmen of Jacksonville have here, larger than the Mandarin.At .
purpose of a full and free discussion of trade, etc. Not so, for if the fruit is' adopted a plan whereby they hope to a grove near me a dozen eight-

all Arrangements matters of interest have been to orange made with rowef8.the not shipped to-day, it will be tomorrowor increase the amount of game in and year-old trees are quite as large as

several lines of transportation to bring next week, and they are sure to : around that city. The plan is to burn Mediterraneans-sweet, with same
persons attending this meetingat reduced secure the business sooner or later just off the marshes and plant them with treatment, and are full of fruit. Some
rates-one Care'for the round trip, ticketson the same, and a measure of that kind wild rice with which to attract wild two year buds I was removing last
sale the 19th and 20th of April, limited might stimulate production and accrue ducks and other Owingto week, many of them in fruit, so we
to 22 geese game.
to and
April ; arrangementswill
to their benefit in the end. know that it bears
be made with the hotels for reduced i the scarcity of suitable food in that very young.
charges. We hope to see a very full at- "The laborer is worthy of his hire." i, vicinity ducks and geese seldom visit Worked on the Trifoliata, it is a decided -

tendance. Every orange grower will agree with there, but continue their flight further dwarf.
Fruit-growers will please call at office the writer that after waiting twelve to south. It is believed that the cultiva As I said before, from its nature of
of the Florida Fruit Exchange in the fifteen years for the to produce I keeping dormant in the spring, it
t Astor block for information to -the grove tion of wild rice, which is not only
place of meeting, hotels, etc. what should be a paying crop of or- good food for the birds, but also delightfully : escapes our December and January
Respectfully, anges, he is entitled to at least one nutritious for cattle, will attract -- frosts (when we have any); hence the
GEORGE R. FAIRBANKS, dollar per box on the trees. To this game in large quantities.Pen- claim that it is more hardy. The past

D. GREENLEAF, add say fifty cents per box for picking, \ sacola News. winter, however, was a very excep. ,
B. :M.:\ BAER, packing, boxing and draying to railroad tional one, as a frost dropped down on
:31.:\ S. MOREMEN'\ ,
station and fifteen t is odd that frost kill fever but does the in
Executive Committee of Florida Fruit to twenty cents It yellow us, mercury going to 24 some
know that it
We however
not smallpox.
Exchange. freight to Jacksonville and we have make Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup go like hot cak*.. sections, on March 17, and the fate of




young growth on the Satsuma was: is known to the many who produce I If you wish you can take a part of in Victoria, and I believe those trees
the same as on any other tender shoot, them that jam made irom this fruit is the juice and turn off, as it makes a will give more satisfaction than grafted
whether it be an orange or an oak. equal to cranberry sauce and could be beautitul jelly. FLORIDA COOK. plants.-Australian Government Bul
Farther north in our State, in some sold in the northern markets much .-.-. letin.
instances, I am told, young trees were cheaper than the cranberry, and in Wind Makes Thick Peel. -.. ...- I
killed.-JAMES MOTT.IN the season when that fruit is exhausted, Shelter is very useful in the cultivation Blasting Holes for Trees.It .

NORTH CAROLINA. why does not some enterprising Yan of all kinds of fruit, but it is absolutely is a maxim to-day among con-
Having been deeply interested in kee, or anybody cite, take hold of I tractors, engineers and all who have
essential with the fam
this: orange, the hardiness of which this bibinebs and make a little (fortuneout orange anything to do with excavation in
has been so much talked about, I have of it ? I ily.; You must protect the trees from earth that "powder is cheaper than
from time to time written notes of its Now, some one says, I don't strong winds, or you will have very men." This means simply that earthin
encouraging behavior here. I have like mulberries. Well, perhaps you poor success. In fact, these fruits place may be made ready for the
now to record that it has reached the have not prepared them so you vary considerably in character, according shovel more cheaply by powder than
limit of its hardiness with full expos- would .like them ; but try them my the of by the pick. The maxim is one of
ure. My trees were purposely plantedon way and see how it compares with degree exposure. the truest of the day, though it was
the most exposed spot I could select cranberry sauce, with or without tur Even the St. Michael, which is natu- not generally= so in the days of black \
a hill- op 400 feet above tide, key. i rally one of the finest oranges in qual- powder. It applies almost as well to
which has the unbroken sweep of the Pick the mulberries when [they are i ity and having a very thin skin, when valley soil that has been formed by
north wind for miles. In the winterof red, just as they are about to turn grown in an exposed situation, as I wash from the hills as to that on the
1890-91 the lowest temperaturenoted dart Cut the stems from them and I know to my own knowledge, will slopes that has been formed in placeby
was nineteen degrees, Fahrenheit stew them in as little water as possibletill produce a thick rind, and you will direct disintegration of the bed
and no harm was done to foliage quite soft ; then run them througha not be able to identity it. Therefore, rock, and there are many cases whereit
or wood. January of the present tin sieve, a pan made with penora if you have no natural shelter: it is applies as well to sand as to any
year was a cold stormy month, and tions-I do not mean a colander or a necessary to provide break winds. other kind of soil. One who has
the trees were subjected several timesto wire sieve. Now you have all the These! may be easily secured by some never seen it has little idea how simple
this same and a little lower temper- stems out that pass through the cen- quick growing trees. The Finns in the process is. Take a face of
ature. But on January 26th the mer- ter. Now j-ut back in your porcelain sigms makes an excellent break-wind, earth 10 feet high with. a dozen men
cury fell, with a cloudless: sky, to kettle, measuring three fourths of a cup ,I and there are many others; but you working at it. Although there is no
sixteen degrees by the sheltered ther I of granulated sugar to one of pulp. I must take care that the roots of the rock or hard pan, it has lain so many
mometer, and several degrees lower bya First let the fruit boil before adding break-winds do not interfere with your : ages in place that the pick brings down
thermometer exposed in the air near tne sugar and then let it boil till it trees. but a small portion at each stroke and
the trees. The result is that they are thickens, stirring quite frequently to Another thing of importance is the its marks shine on the face almost the
badly cut, and the young shoots killed.It keep it from scorching. choice of your trees. Some care is same as il it were rock.
would seem, then, that the extreme The time depends greatly on how wanted in the selection of your young Mark now the difference. A churn
cold these trees will endure without much water you put on the .Jruit. Trya : trees. If you start with a sickly, drill is run down six or seven feet in
harm is horn eighteen to twenty de little, and when thick as jelly have weak tree, it is ten chances to one depth and some ten feet or even more
grees above zero, so the hope that your cups or glasses ready and fill ; or whether that will ever make a healthy from the edge of the face where the
they might prove entirely hardy, as it can be put in any kind of old dishes, plant. Trees are mostly propagatedby men are working. A stick of dynamite
has been suggested, "as tar north as j uch as are not presentable: for table grafting. The most of the trees and a fuse are inserted, the whole
Delaware," is doomed to disappointment. use. Let it cool thoroughly and cuta I we obtain from New South Wales are costing not over 30 cents and often
They seem to be just about as piece of writing paper and cover grafted upon the common lemon. I less. A dull, muffled "boom" followsin
hardy as the fig. Fig trees of the: over the top, and then paste paper or I may tell you why that is used so extensively a short time the lighting of the fuse.
same age subjected to the same exposure cloth, I do, over the whole, so that for stock. It moves better You could with sa'ety stand beside
as these oranges are killed back to ants or roaches. cannot take the first' than any other kind of the citrus family the hole and would experience little
about the same extent, while figs a taste of it. Now, this is for home use, I| and the trees are less liable to besides a trembling of the ground (for
few yards away south of the hill ton, but if managed on a large scale they j suffer when worked upon that stock several feet around you. At the hole
and protected by pine boughs stuck would substitute better facilities for than when worked upon orange stock. itself you might see a bit of earth risea
along between the rows, are entirely making larger proportions.The I Over twenty years ago there were unhurt. This indicates that the Sat- mulberry is a much abused some severe losses in the orangeriesof too much trouble to fly fan but be-
suma may be grown with complete fruit, but as it is a very hardy (fruit, I j! New South Wales, and the idea yond that the ground would merely
success here in sheltered places and in withstanding much frost and bears was got that, if they substituted the shiver as il it had a chill.
our coast country from Morehead[ to very young and grows so thrifty, one Seville orange for the lemon stock, ii When the workmen again go to
Wilmington and about Newbern. could very soon go into the industry I' would avoid those losses.; That idea work at the face of the bank the difference -
Wherever, as in our coast-plain, the with little capital; and if the jam could :t was taken up by many growers and is marvelous. Dozens of
Gardenia florida grows into a large be introduced in the market I believe acted upon, myself among them, but cubic yards of earth that would have
shrub in lull exposure, there the Sat it could be made to pay a large profit.I our experience has proved that suchis I required hours to loosen with the
suma will grow well, especially as the I hope someone will give it a trial. I not the case.Ve find the trees pick are now caved down ready for
black peaty soil there will suit it bet Look at the fruits that are shipped worked upon the Seville orange' have the; shovel in a moment.
ter than our red clay.Ve have Gar- from the North to supply our great not turned out so well as those worked Is there nothing to learn from this
denias growing unhurt under the shelter hotels yearly, when if some energetic upon the lemon stocks-that is the that may be of use in tree planting ?
of our college walls, but there is person would go to work and experi- ,I experience gained by the growers Nothing for him who thinks a hole
little doubt that they would have been ment with our homegrown fruit we there. 1 may tell you that I have suitable for a kitten's grave big
killed to the ground had they been in could save something to our own come to the conclusion, of late years, enough for a tree. There are too
company with the Satsumas. Our trees State and be a help to all who would that grafting, as regards the orange, is many who think because a tree will
are on the stock of Citrus trifoliata, grow and market: the fruit. I a very great mistake. I believe my try to do something under certain
and on this stock they will probably THE KUMQUAT. I self it would be far better to trust to conditions that those conditions are,
remain mere bushes, yet this makes it And here let me speak of another'' budded trees instead of grafts. Our therefore, the proper ones. That
more easy to protect them, and in any much neglected fruit, the Kumquat. growers here, and in the other coloniesas trees grow and bear something when
sheltered spot where the fig and Gar It has only been:grown as a curiosityand well, have suffered severely froma jammed into a hole a foot and a half
denia stand unharmed 1 have no an ornament, while its properties disease that affects the tree at the across and a foot deep with damp
doubt they can be grown.W. F. place it among the most delicious union of the graft and the stock-by earth stamped in upon them is to
MASSEY. Iruits I ever tasted, be it nor h or budding the tree higher up, you avoid such persons only conclusive proof
--- south, east or west, for table use. It that risk. This is an idea I arrived at that such is a proper way to plant a
To Utilize the Mulberry. has to be prepared to make it edible, seven or eight years ago, and I got tree. But to others the fact that a
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: as many other fruits or vegetables do. some of the growers of New South tree does anything under such condition -
I wish to draw the attention of Take the fruit when fully ripe and Wales to practice budding, and give is proof only that it would be a
some one who has a little surplus cap- cut in slices like slicing tomatoes for up grafting; but these men are rather greater success if planted properly.
ital to an industry that could be en- table use. Put them in water sufficientto conservative in their ideas; but for Such people will find in most cases
tered into at this time of the year that cook soft, and when tender add these last few years I have managed to that, as in contract work, powder is
might be a source of profit to both sugar in proportion to any other fruit, obtain a considerable number of bud- cheaper than men.
manufacturer and the producer, and nearly a cup of sugar to a cup of ded trees from New South Wales, An old tree will generally push its
that is the making of mulberry jam. fruit, and boil till the juice is thick or though not to the same extent that I I roots anywhere. A young tree maybe
There are at the present time, I dare will jelly: would have liked to. Last year I I'I stunted by its roots meeting obstacles -
say thousands &f bushels of these Be careful that no seeds get in with managed to secure 3,000 or 4,000 that they would easily overcomeif
berries going to waste; and when it the fruit. trees, which I sent to different people I the tree .were a few years older.







For such, a good shaking up of the managers of the organization which soil, climate and other influences, This statement is the greatest error
ground with dynamite opens a thou- would appear to be responsible are which in the course of time cause of all, for should pine apples be set
sand avenues for the roots that would under an obligation to scatter their them to gradually diverge from the out in accordance with his plan, 2
otherwise be closed. It may enable a, shipments among the different mar- original type more or less, also the feet in rows 4 feet apart, one single
tree to get in the first season a foot. kets for the express purpose of avoid- same identical variety is known in crop of large fine apples will be the
hold and a range of feeling ground I ing a glut in any one market.Palatka different islands by different names. result, for being so tar away from
that it might not get in five years if I Hera'd.' As a general classification and each other the suckers from the first
left to open up the way by its own I simply for convenience, pineapplesmay crop come up, the fruit starts, and as
unaided force.-Rural Californian.The be divided into three general their weight increases, bend the shoot
TIe Finery.Edited divisions, the Black, the White and downward until falling by their own
Modes of SpraYIng. the Qtieei s Of course these are not weight the apple breaks the sucker
That spraying is necessary there is : by JOHN 15. UEACIIIotto, Fla.) accurately defined classes, and many away from the parent stem and
no doubt or question. As an art An Attempt at Classification. hybrids and seedlings it would be impossible perishes.
there is probably much yet to learn, A casual observer could see but to classify under any of This cannot possibly happen when
but it can at present be divided into these heads; but for all that it will be the plants are set out say 12,000 or
four classes : II little resemblance to the blackberry in found of great convenience in considering 13,000 to the acre or 20 to 2? inches
FIRsT.-Spraying for the destruction the pineapple, yet botanists show us them. Thus each of the princi- apart. In this case one plant offers
of leaf eating insects-those that that anatomically (if we may apply pal West India islands has its Black ready support to its neighbor, and the
consume the foliage on trees, plants, the word), they are closely related. pine and its White pine, which we result is a better second, third, fou t%,
vines and scrubs; these include the The core of the pineapple answers to designate by these adjectives and the I fi th and even up to the eighth crop,
canker worm, tent caterpillar, potato the receptacle and each nipple represents name of the island as a sort of sur- if handled rightly; but rightly pre.
bug, cotton worm and many others. the mouth and calyx of the sep name. Thus in Antigua they have dudes any possibility of running the
These are leaf eaters, and can be de- arate ovary of a compound fruit corresponding the Black pine and the White pine Acme or any other harrow through
stroyed with arsenites, among which with the little globules of which we know as the Black Antiguaand pine apples. This is sure ruination,
Paris green and London purple are the blackberry. Pineapples seldom the White Antigua. The Black and to think of it makes me shudder.
especially useful for the work. mature the seed, though some varieties pine of Jamaica differs very little from The pine apple is a surface feeder
SECOND.-Spraying for the destruction frequently do, notably the White the former and was probably from the and any tool with long teeth will ruin
of the larvae of such insects as Antigu s, in specimens which blosiom same English seedling originally. The any pineapple patch in the world if
the codling moth, curculio and other in summer. The seed is found hal: Black or Red Spanish belongs to this penetrating deeper than one inch.
moths, whose'eggs are deposited in way between the core and the rind, type that is, pines which are dark in There is no desire on my part to
the blossoms or pollen of fruit, suchas directly behind the centre of the color before ripe and the general question anyone's views, but I have a
apples, pears, plums, cherries, nipple and resembles a very small character of whose foliage is desire to protect any unfortunate, who
peaches, etc., either causing the fruitto apple seed. They are very difficultto dark. The Sugar Loaves and being misled by mistaken ideas, see
fall from the tree or to mature in an sprout but they are the only source White Antigua belong to the second all they have, perhaps, in the world
imperfect condition, unfit for sale or of new varieties, as slips and suckers, division, and their fruit is generally melt into thin air. I love to see all
use. These pests can also be de like grafts and cuttings, never sport. green or light in color before mature succeed. There is room and to spare
stroyed by spraying with Paris greenor Most of the choicest sorts have been and the general cast of their foliage is for all and successful ones at that.
London purple. thus started from seeds in English light, usually pure green. THOMAS E. RICHARDS.Indian .
THIRD.Spraying for the extermination nurseries, where they are sprouted We find that pines of this class as a River.
of suctorial or sap-sucking under bell glasses at a temperature ot general thing do best in partial shade, .
Tested and :M. ,
Approved.-J. Littig
species of insects, such as the chinch 900.There while dark varieties seem to prefer Cashier Marine National Hank. Baltimore.Eiq.Md.,
l and on saj s: "I have toted Salvation Oil and find it an
bug, aphis, leafhopper, squash are numerous specimens lull exposure to the sunlight. The excellent remedy fur neuralgia.Keep it in your
cucumber bug, cabbage bug, plant this coast bearing from home grown general habit of the first class is erectas family. .
lice, bjrk lice and others. These destroy seedlings which are very excellent, but the Porto Rico and Black Antigua, A single shipment< of butter from
the leaves the without artificial heat it is difficult to
by sucking out while the White varieties are inclinedmore Victoria to England consisted of
sap or moisture of the leaf, thus depriving make them sprout. All the choicest to spread or droop, while the 9,000
and valuedat
cases weighing tons
it of its means of life, when it products of the English pineries have I Queens make broad curved leaves and $125,000. 235 ,
withers, leaving the web of the foliage naturally found their way to J Jamaica! the immature fruit can be neither
blighted, dry and dead. These pests and by the law of the survival of the termed green or dark and has rather Cape Colony possesses 1,500,000
can be destroyed by spraying with fittest, though' through human not prominent nipples. The Queens seemto head of cattle, 14,500,000 sheep, 5-
the kerosene emulsion, which kills the natural selection, the Ripley or Ripley thrive equally in sun or shade andas 200,000 goats, 300,000 horses, 65,000
insect by contact with its has superseded all other mules and 150,000 ostriches.
body. Queen pines.It a class have more vigor than eitherof .. _
FOURTH.-Spraying for the destruc- 1 is a conical pineapple with most ex the others Now, these divisionsare A veritable-family--medicine box, BEECHAM'8
tion or cure of fungus diseases. Fun cellent flavor and fair shipping quali simply arbitrary, but in the absenceof PILLS.
gus, as used here, is meant to applyto ties. The Agricultural Departmenthas any authority and in the face of the
the excrescence or microscopic been distributing specimens in this hopelessly mixed and erroneous clas In Manchooria, China, are large
growth on plants and vines which State for years past, and among these sification under which we are now dog farms, the dogs being fed for the
form mold, mildew, smut, etc. Thesecan several different varieties under the laboring I do not think we need hesi- value of the skins.
be combatted by the use qf chemicals name of Ripley and Ripley Queen.But tate to make use of these general char Tobacco is being largely grown at
properly applied; and years of experiments with us a variety of Queen called acteristics to simplify the puzzle a Cape Colony, and experiments are
have demonstrated that the the Egyptian Queen has taken prece- little. JOHN B. BEACH. being made there in cotton culture.
Bordeaux mixture and solution of am dence, though whether it is really .* : The Victorian government proposesto
moniacal carbonate of copper can be equal to the genuine Ripley or Ripley Close Planting Best. adopt a system whereby all butter
safely and successfully used for the Queen we cannot yet feel certain, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: exported, will bear a government
cure of black and brown rot on the having only had genuine Jamaican Dr. William Hanson's letter, quotedby brand on the packages.
grape and it is of great value for Ripley plants for a short time. .. .
of editors inMarch
cnecking the potato rot, which is due The classification of varieties is one your department BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
to a smut or mold caused by a micro very much confused, and so far as we [ number, cannot fail to attract
Cures Indigestion
scopic plant or fungus growth. know no authoritative work is in existence general attention from all who know Dyspepsia, -
.a 1--- bearing upon the classificationand anything of pineapple culture. He & Debility.
A recent arrival from New York, a culture of the pine-apple. The should have ended his advice by his _
grove owner, gave us a little pointerthis English Pineapple Manual only describes statement that he was not an "Agri Southern Baptist Convention, At-
week. He has a shipment of oranges a few of the varieties generally cultural Pope," for it is very misleading lanta, Ga,
in New York which his agent grown there under glass, and the and most likely would cause great The Queen and Crescent route will
was holding for better prices, and on Directory of Gardening contains a harm to anyone entering into the busi sell tickets to Atlanta, Ga., on May
a certain day last week had about still more meagre list. In years past ness of pineapple culture, and who 3d to 6th inclusive, at one fare for the
concluded a sale at an advantageous our Agricultural Department added to could not afford to lose his all. round trip, good to return until May
figure. The price had recovered and this contusion by careless labelling, In the first place, Dr. Hanson says 17th.The
was tending upward, when the arrivalof sending out several varieties of pine "pine-apples should have plenty of Queen and Crescent route is
the steamer from Jacksonville with under the same name one day and room, and that to crowd 12,000 into the only line running solid vestibuled
36,000 boxes for the New York mar- giving several different names to the the space of one acre is an error;" trains which, for comfort safety and
ket broke the price down again. This same variety on the next. Moreover that they should number 5.000 to the speed are unsurpassed. For further
seems to have been but a repetition of pines, grown for years in one local. acre so as to admit of ready fertilization information call on any ticket agentor
a regular operation which has been ity, say upon one of the West Indies, and cultivation with the Acme write to D. G. Edwards, G. P. A.,
going. on all winter. And yet the acquire certain characteristics due to harrow. Cincinnati, O.MArtcn .




does not, and, as a matter of course, I will follow oats this season with this necessary element; from a lack of
g ] ] 1EI\. will need less money, for the amountof Spanish pindars for early feeding to heat; or from the presence of some
n flour brought into Florida still addsto give my shoats a good start. Plant after mineral, as for instance iron in some
Vineless Sweet Potato. the balance of? trade against us. oats harvest and you can turn on them Florida soils, which kills the young
Owing to the large number of in- But wq can't live on bread alone; September 1St. It wont pay to pull germs. In this latter case we could
quiries we have received for this po- we must have meat. Well, then, them then, as they are very difficult to say that the iron indirectly causes the
tato we have made arrangements to plant that best of all neverfailingcrops cure in the rainy season. Pindars rotting of the seed (supposing all other
have the seed planted, and in due create great thirst ,in hogs, so it is conditions are favorable), though the
time our columns will contain an ad PINDARS, better to have a crop of sweet potatoes iron takes no part in promoting the
vertisement of slips for sale.-ED. and make your meat. Whilst pin dare adjoining and they will not require so putrefactive fermentation which is the
.- will make a paying crop with ordinary much water and do better.MY actual rotting.-ED.
Practical Farm Ta.lks-No. 18. cultivation, there is nothing which responds MODE OF CULTIVATIONis 1 \

Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower. to high culture so well as they, this: Break the ground with a Detassellinff Corn.
And now I don't feel so good. We and there is no farm crop in Floridaso two-horse plow deep; let it lie in fallow Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
had a freeze Thursday night, which remunerative as they. Pindars two or three weeks to give grass Several months since I read in the

took all my tomatoes, most of my cu- should and can be to Florida what and weeds a chance to start, then harrow report of the superintendent of some
cumbers, cantaloupes and watermelonsand corn is to Illinois, as many bushelsof thoroughly. Lay: off rows with a Northern agricultural station in whichit
shelled pindars can be made on
Still there is time bull tongue four feet apart, drop two
potatoes. enoughto an acre in Florida as can of shelledcorn was stated a considerably
shelled pindars to a place, three feet
replant and make enough for homeuse in any upiand' in the corn belt. in the rows, cover lightly with double larger percentage in the yield of corn
and not be bothered with railroads They are easier fed and makd more bull tongue. Cultivate, with five.tooth has resulted from the process of de-
and better flavored meat than corn ; tassling of a plat of corn, or cuttingthe
about transportation. There is the cultivator, hoe and dirt vines twice
ad Florida the lard is sweeter and keeps as well, till they have lapped in the middle. tops off soon after the ear shoots
great vantage possesses over and you can make meat and lard for have put out. I read the report witha
This will hoe. Have
all others-when lose thereis crop pay to hogsin
you a crop less money than Chicago lard and grain of salt, as it was counter to all
always plenty of time to make an good growing condition, turn in as
meat is selling for today, and save observations.My .
other. Pitch in and replant and encourage soon as frost bites the vines enough to "my
this balance against us. There is father was one of the most suc-
Do this and sell
the seed Don't stop growing. your
men. despairand
nothing that fattens a horse and putsas cessful corn planters of his neighborhood
hogs as they arrive at to
abuse Florida because we have 125 150
glossy a coat on him as pindars.THE and I have often heard him say
had freeze and lost pounds. Save your own meat
a some early vege-
CULTURE OF PINDARS.I that he always to replant
tables. quit buying Chicago pork you
learned from a Kentucky to the extent of five to ten per
young crop
is time will have'sub-treasury' of lour own.
April a good to plant
who had His and I believe it to
lady never seen a pindar CHARLES. CAMPBELL, SR. cent. theory,
IRISH POTATOES grow before, and following her modeI Campobello, March 20. be a correct one, was that plants
and make plenty for home use andto found much could be done that .-"-. planted eight or ten days later than
supply your neighboring towns. some say cannot. This young lady Cottonseed Meal-Seed Rotting. the main crop, furnished fresh pollen
They will keep as well in Florida if bought one quart of Norfolk peanuts Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: to fertilize the late shoots and thereby
only spread out in the shade as any simply: to plant to have some to eat. ((1)) Will you please give your materially increased the yield.
where. Early Rose and some other The ground was prepared for her. All who have paid any attention to
very early kinds do not do so well; She planted the nuts and cultivated readers some practical way of over- the subject know that if a young silkis
later kinds do better. They should them herself with a hoe, and after coming the heating effects of cotton- deprived of the necessary pollen,
be put away dry and not heaped up; saving enough to eat sold me two seed meal when applied as a fertilizerin the product will be a bare cob insteadof
otherwise they will sweat and rot.I bushels for $I..50 per bushel. the field? It heats and destroys a full ear of corn. Consequently,
am very much of the opinion that The two bushels I planted on some everything. I am firmly convinced that any pro-
we buy more Irish potatoes during the thing over two acres of well prepared cess which will deprive the young sIlks
year from the North than we ship in the ground in rows three feet each ((2)) Also state what causes beans to of a proper amount of pollen duringthe

spring,making the balance of trade very way, two pindars to the hill. rot, either with or without contact with period when the young ears are
much against us. We who can make two They were thoroughly cultivated, fertilizer? What element in the soil being filled out will diminish the

crops, and good ones, during the year hoed and dirted twice, that is, dirt causes this when seed has not germi. amount of grain produced.
ought at least make what we use. So I. put upon the vines as they spread un- nated, therefore not touched fertilizerat R. E. P.
we ought to of lil.they had taken root and lapped in all? The same with March 18. *-.-.
RICE. the middle of the rows. 'Unless thisis peas.H.. T. W. Alfalfa for Deep Soils.
Vegetable ground that has been done half the pindars will form on Corpus Christi, Tex.i .
well worked is just now in the very top of the ground and make ( ) The best way to handle cot This grass is to other clovers what
best condition to plant rice in, and "POPS." tonseed meal is in a compost, thor the pecan is to the nut trees. It an-
any time in April is a good time to Cover the vines with dirt and they oughly incorporated with muck or chors itself for all time to come. .
plant. Rice is a crop which will not take root and make good nuts. The other coarse manure and partly rottedor Wherever the pecan would do well,
fail you if properly worked while result was, the ground was full from at least sufficiently heated so that doubtless alfalfa would also. The
young. After you get it safe from one side to the other, and turned out there will be no subsequent "firing"in Pattillo ranch in Texas has twelve
the grass! it is as easily tended as 163 bushels to the acre and not a the soil. If this is not done; thereis acres in alfalfa. In winter, thirty-
corn. This can be easily and pleas- '.pop" in them. The next crop was considerable risk in exposing tender eight head of horses graze on this
antly done if the ground has been planted with the same nuts, but not roots or even seeds to the possibility: patch and twenty-five acres in rye.
thoroughly pulverized and in good dirted, consequence, not so good a of coming in contact with even a They soon eat the rye off, and the alfalfa -
tilth. Do this and furrow out, with a crop and many of them pops. Since small pellet of it in the soil. The more seems to grow faster than the
. narrow bull-tongue, rows three feet then I have been planting the Flor- I there is of it in a bunch the greater horses can eat it. .
apart. Cover with a hand rake, or ida nut, which, while smaller, fills will be the heat, and it is difficult to About March i the horses are taken
five-tooth cultivator if you have a large probably better than the Norfolk and say whether it could be so finely subdivided off the alfalfa and the crop is cut three
crop. Have the drill well marked so yields as well. The and diffused through the soilas times. It will not average quite knee
in the event of its not coming up before SPANISH NUT I not to generate heat at all. Whenit high, but the yield is good, and the
the grass starts you can run does not yield as well, but is an excel is raining frequently a considerable hay is simply first.class. The seed is
around it with a hand rake. It is bet lent crop to follow another as a second amount of it may be placed near the sown in October. The roots are
ter to do this before the spears come crop, as it matures in ninety days. roots of most plants without injury, as about the size of a lead pencil, and
through anyway. Go through the The other will grow till the vines are the rain extinguishes the heat. Still it grow straight; down deep in the
middles with a fine tooth cultivator, killed by frost and should be planted is always safest to use this powerful ground. About twenty pounds of
then again go round with a hand early, not later than the first of May. nitrogenous manure in compost. seed are used to the acre. After
rake and your rice is out of danger.It If[ later than this, and the fall turns off ("2)) If a seed of any kind fails to planting the ground is rolled. The
will then be ready to put a little dry, like last. fall, the crop will be cut germinate it will rot of necessitythatis ground does not need re-seeding.
dirt to it. short. undergo putrefactive fermentation.No .
If for home use plant white, if for It is said pindars are a hard crop on particular element causes this fer- I CURE FITS !
stock feed plant golden, as the latter the ground. Probably if gathered mentation unless it may be the pecu. I
does not shatter so much. Very much they will prove so. I feed mine on liar animal organisms which Pasteur ]I When I say cure I do not mean merely,! to atop them
1, for a time aDd then hara them return again. I mean a
white rice is lost through careless har- the ground and find that the leaves places in the genus vibrio (this process !I radical core. I have mida the d MOM of FITS. EPI-
vesting, _as it easily shatters. The and vines make humus and the ma- is; still involved in some obscurity). I I LEPST warrant or my FALLING remedy to SICKNESS cure the worst a bt cues.i -1onc. itnd/B CMM I
farmer who raises enough rice and nure the hogs scatter over the ground Seeds may fail to germinate from a I i others bars failed I) no reason for not now receiri&c*
Irish potatoes for his family will buy proves a fine fertilizer and very much lack of oxygen, an excess of water i I! my core.Infallible Send at remedy.once for Give a treatise Expreu and and a Free Pat BatC OfiUe.H. : .rf
very much less flour than the one who ,. improves the land. preventing the access of air containing' Q. BOOT M. C., 183> Pearl ttc.< V.T.



-- --

I oul J1.l.s and I am thoroughly convinced that hawk is our dread during the fall and duced. They look exactly like other
I fowls are no more troubled with par- and winter. The "blue darter," a workers and can be detected only
- asitic pests, nor any more subject to small hawk, in size between the sparrow when laying. I have given such
Edited by E.W.AMSDEN. Ormond Fla. diseases in Florida than in the North. and redtail, gets our spring colonies frames of chipping brood,
Come to Leon county, and you will chicks. Here if you scare off a hawk and where there were many young
Poultry Keeping: in Leon County.A find in the he will little and backas bees would build cells
my opinion, place you fly a way come they queen ,
Northern correspondent wrote are looking for. soon as you are gone. I get ten to and would not molest the young
propounding a series of questions to e I twenty every season by my plan. queens until after their return from
Mrs. Dr.J. M. Cam on poultry keepingin Gape Worms.I DR. BEN H.. BRODNAX. their bridal tours, when they wouldbe
Florida, and she replied by giving am of the opinion that the gape Brodnax, La. destroyed by laying workers. The
her experience, which we find in The worm comes from a floating germ in BEST TIME TO INTRODUCE A NEW
Tallahasseean: haled from a damp atmosphere, as I 11 pi&ii. QUEEN
In reply to your letter of the 8th have observed that chickens are more is i when honey is coming .in rapidly
inst., I will answer your queries in sulject to it during long spells of wet from the fields. The bees realize that
Introducing Queens.A .
their order. weather or when they are allowed to they must make hay while the sun
1St. My opinion is that it will. My run out in the early morning dews. beekeeper living on the banks ot shines, and have no time to waste
poultry business is as yet small, but I We have several methods of treat- the beautiful bay of St. Andrews, destroying a queen and rearing an-
expect to increase it as I gain experience. ment; one is to make the chicken in- .Florida, asks: "Mrs. Harrison, whatis other. By the time the harvest is
Since I have been engaged in hale tobacco smoke until quite drunk. secured they have forgotten it. Whena
the that I lose all
this business my profit has never been But this, besides being cruel, is not reason. my queens queen is to be superseded, feed the
that I introduce ? I follow the
less than 100 per cent per annum, often successful. Consequently we try to colony, which will put them on their
sometimes much more. more often adopt the surer way, i. e., to directions that come with them, and good behavior. I think that there is
ad. I do not think there are any remove the worm. This can be done yet I (fail every time." I have no a great deal of difference in the dispo
more "drawbacks" here than elsewhere by means of a long, stout horse hair, : doubt but many of my readers have sition of bees. Queen breeders send
in the United States. A better (or two fine ones), which is doubledin out printed directions with their
I had like mishaps. It is absolutely
local market is much to be desired.3d. the middle and twisted, then dipped I queens, some preferring one mode,
The average price which I obtained into spirits of turpentine and pushed necessary in order to introduce a new some another. A beekeeper here
for eggs sold in the Tallahassee down into the air passage as far as it queen to a colony, that there be no says that he has purchased five Italian
market in 1891 was 14 rz cents per will' go s given two or three twists, and other queen in the hive; if there is, queens, and lost all of them in intro-
dozen. I would add, by way of ex slowly withdrawn, when the worm, or there will be a commotion in the ducing, though he followed the printed
planation, that during the summer worms, will usually be brought up on kingdom, and one or the other will directions accompanying them to the
eggs sell for 10 cents per dozen, but the hair. It may be necessary re bite the dust. Occasionally there are the very letter. He put one on
it has been my plan since I have been. peat the operation several times be- two queens in a hive. Dr. Allen, of frames of chipping brood where the
engaged in the business to have win- fore all worms are removed. Thereare Kentucky, was presented a valuable young bees were coming out, and she
ter layers. At this date eggs are sell usually two or three of them, queen at the National Convention by would not stay with the babies, who
ing here for 12 ft cents per dozen. sometimes six or seven. After com- J D. A. Jones, of Canada, and, remov- would gladly cluster around her. He
4th. The price of broilers now isI I pleting the work, you should compel ing a queen from a colony, introducedher. shut her in, and she worried herselfto
about 20 cents each. I do not sell your patient to swallow two or three ." He was much chagrined afterwards i I death in endeavoring to get out.
broilers. To have winter layers I i small lumps of fat bacon or lard; then to find she had been destroyed, In an obstinate case I would feed the
must save the early hatched pullets, place before him some tempting food.If and that there had been two queensin bees, and cage their own queen.
and the cockerels we use on our own he eats vigorously, you may rejoicein the hive; and the one he left had After a day I would change her for
table when they are young. I have the success of your efforts. Care killed the introduced one. As a gen the one to be introduced. In forty-
before mentioned that my business is should be taken to put the hair, not eral thing there is but one queen in a eight hours I would let the bees
still small. into the food passage, but into the hive but there have been many in- release her and continue feeding, and
5th. I have sold this winter my windpipe, the orifice of which is at stances reported where mother and not open the hive on any account.
surplus hens to the hotels in Tallahassee the root of the tongue, and may be daughter have been found living Many valuable queens have been lost
for 10 cents per pound live weight.6th. seen to open and close in the processof peaceably together. Therefore it is by the hive being opened in a few
My feed consists of cornfield breathing. A good plan to proceedon of the utmost importance in in*ro- days to see if she was all right. If
peas, sun-flower seed, oats, rye and is: Prepare your hair, have the ducing a new queen to be certain the there is no honey coming in, keep
bottle of turpentine near sit colony is queenless. If a young fertile little the
table scraps. Most of this my hus- you, feeding a gradually lessening
band grows on his farm at small cost. down, take the patient into your lap, queen is removed and an old one quantity. If bees are gathering honey
Corn can be bought in the fall at 40 cover him with your left hand, putting put in her place, she may be acceptedand rapidly and it ceases at once, it is apt
two lower fingers around his commence laying, but in a short make them .
cents per bushel. I plant near the your to very cross. To-day
poultry yards early in the fall from neck and chest; then open biddy's time it may be discovered that thereare (February 9th) at St. Andrews Bay,
one-quarter to one half acre of rye. mouth with the thumb and other two queen cells and no queen, and Fla., the bees are gathering pollen,
This furnishes all the green stuff the fingers, wet the hair thoroughly with that the bees are rearing one from her sailing in with heavy pale straw-colored

fowls can consume during the winter.At turpentine, and watching your opportunIty eggs. loads. So far I'have seen no Italian
this time the rye is heading. In avery when the air passage is open, TRANSFERING COLONIES. bees, only blacks, and they are not
few weeks it will be ready for the quickly insert it. If the chicken is One spring, during apple bloom, I very amiable. The yellow jasmineis
chickens to begin to eat. During the very weak, you should be careful not transfered! two colonies from box hivesto now blooming, and orange and
day the mother hens (for I have not to make more than two or three trials? movable frames. They were black lemon trees are in bud.-0. J.
adopted the artificial method of as you may kill him. Better give hima bees, and I wanted to change them to Farmer.
hatching) run in this rye with their rest of a few hours and try again, un- Italians by introducing new queens. IHow's
chicks. This rye affords a most ex less you are satisfied you have relieved The bees were driven out and the This? "
cellent hiding place from the hawks, him. Even if you have been completely combs cut out and fastened into We offer One Hundred Dollars
which are sometimes troublesome, andis successful, he will gasp a little frames. When all was ready, the Reward for any case of Catarrh that
much relished by everything in the for a day or two.-Farm Poultry. bees were pouted down in front of the canot be cured by taking Hall's
poultry yards from the time it is in I hives which were placed where their Catarrh Cure.'F. .
the rough state as long as it lasts. "We Clot the Hawk Too." old ones had stood, and they took upa J. CHENEY & CO., Props.,
As soon as the rye has been consumedI I was at work in my little work- line of march for them. The black Toledo, Ohio.
plant the land in field peas. Sun shop (a shed beside m)" crib), when I queens were picked up and the Ital- We, the undersigned, have knownF.
flowers are also planted near the heard screaming among the chickens, ians dropped among the bees and the J. Cheney for the last 15 years,
yards, and these seed together with and going out I saw a large turkey whole sprinkled with sweetened water and believe him perfectly honorablein
all business transactions and finan-
the peas are gathered by the poultryat hawk strike a full grown hen. I ran scented with sweet anise. Both queens
will. In fact, I have growing down on him, cut off the hen's head, were accepted, and in a few monthsthe cially able to carry put any obligationmade
every day in the year feed stuff of some put some strychnine under the eyelids blacks had entirely disappeared.The by their firm.
kind which the poultry can gather and took the body back to the bees had their combs to repair, WEST & TRAUX, Wholesale Drug-
.. without this expense to me. house, leaving the head for *a bait. I the dripping honey to gather up, andas gists, Toledo, O.WALDING.KINNAN.
For a winter supply I plant the forgot about the matter till dinner honey was coming in freely from & MARVINWhole
crops away from the poultry yards. time, when we were eating the hen, the apple bloom, had no time to reara sale Druggists, Toledo, O.
7th. I have never raised poultry in and after dinner went to hunt for "my queen, and made the best of the one Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter
the North, consequently I cannot an. I hawk. Sure enough, there he lay offered them. When bees are foundto nally, acting directly upon the blood
swer this question from personal ex- I stretched out. his claws dug into the be queenless in the spring, theyare and mucous surface of the system.
perience, but for several years past I ground, dead. He measured sixty very apt to contain laying workers Price 750. per bottle. Sold by all
have closely studied poultry literature, inches from tip to tip of wing. This which will destroy every queen intro Druggists.

';'. "


t .



CONTENTS. it up and make its foundations strcng this, though excellent in itself, does upon the books of the Horticultural

MARKITOO Call for a Convention; Cleave to the and broad-bmad as the orange belt not fulfill the demands of the situation. Society, a much larger attendance .

Fruit 2.3! promised, of both ladies and gentlemen
Exchange: itself. The growers should get aroundit The average grower is a simple hearted,
GROVE AXD ORCHARD-The Satsuma: 243 than at any previous meet.
To Utilize' the Mulberry: Wind Makes Thick and anchor it down with money and impressionable being and needs a lot o f ing, and with plans laid nearlya

Peel; Blasting Holes for Trees; 244 with power-anchor it down until it fanfaronade to keep him steady in the ahead
The Mode of Spraying: 245 year so as to prevent any re-
THE PiJKar; VQ Attempt at Classification; Close will be as solid as Armour's big abat- faith-an imposing packery with a red petion of the error of last year from
Planting Best; 245
toir that butchers for nation. No it the bulletinsand its own fault, the Horticultural Society -
FARMER: AKD TKUCKEK-Vlneless Sweet Potato; a flag fluttering over ;
Practlcil Farm Talks-No. 18; Cottonseed cannot well make the change. The
of that will hurt the the clatter of boxing
danger a monopoly telegrams;
Meal-Seed Rotting; Detasselllng Corn; Alfalfa annual meeting of this Society is to be

for Deep Soil; .246 anybody-not for a good many years the thunder solid orange trains. held at Ormond oil May 3d, 4th and
POULTRY-Poultry Keeping In Leon County;Oape
Worm;"We Got the Hawk,Too" 247APIABT yet anyway. Let the trains which run throughthe 5th.Let

-Introducing Queens; .24'? The monarchy now summons the orange belt carry the growers' me ask, in the name of the
EDITORIAL-Notes; Grape Growers' Association;
tor a Convent. To Fortify the Growers; 243 nobles, the clergy and the Third colors-the scarlet of the Exchange, State Horticultural Society, that the
. A Clashing of Dates; 243 officers of the Union see that a changeof
MARKETS; 248 Estate. We do not look to see much the gold of the Home Market, or what date is made for* their meeting so

The Lotterhos Circular; 249 business transacted none at all, in you will; and let the colors be so adJusted that myself and others can attend
A New Seed Law; 2.9
Ova YOCKO FOLKS-Sillj Prlscllla; 230 fact, but copious utterance and abundant as to read "Ship today!" or both meetings, and the best interestsof

STATE NKWS-Items: 2M the horticulturists of the State be
resolutions. We do not want to "Hold (fast! as the market may war
Oca RCRAL HOME-About Knives; A Word About
Moths; Feeding a Delicate Baby;Recipes; 251 see a revolution, it is not desirable to rant; or "Chicago $3.oo," "New York served. Yours respectfully] ,
Lovely Crooked Lake; .231 W. S. HART,
01:&NATURAL WEALTU-Florlda at a Stock Country have the monarchy swamped; but we 325." Sec. Fla State Hort. Society.Hawk's .
; 232: I do desire to see the Third Estate infuse As it is now, all the sheep of the Park Fla.
Weather and Crops; 233
THE FARMERS A LIA CE-Free Sliver-2; Crosses into it a little fresh active blood, flock are dispersed through the lone- The State Horticultural Society has
Swords With Mr Neeld and Darwin Some Interesting
Pointers About Railroad Ownership; ; and, more especially, to reinforce its some woods, each in his mossy nook; : t'le right of way in this case by virtueof

To Check the Commbslun Meu; 254 205 revenues and its working capital witha they see no telegrams, they hear. no I pre emption; and a neglect on the
Our T*x System:County Alliance Meeting;
solid sum of money in payment for note from the great world beyond, part of the officers of the Union to

STEPHEN:! POWERS Editor. liberal blocks of stock. the orange god himself may he dead change the date of their meeting will
P. O.Address Lawtey, Fla.
To Fortify the Grower. for aught they know. The stencil argue that they have not learned of

The growers of Lawtey shipped one One of the strongest reasons for the men make a "still hunt," coveringthe the existence of this Society, or do

hundredand, nine bushels of straw- existence and office of the Fruit Ex earth; they know all the latest not read THE FARMER AND FRUIT

berries Saturday, March 26, besides change-in fact, the greatest reason things; they victimize the credulous GROWER, or, lastly, that they are indifferent

lettuce, celery, cabbage, etc. On the for the existence of that or any other grower who feels no touch of elbow. I to the wishes of both.-ED.
He starts in the with load
29th the first refrigerator car left the fruit growers' association, is the neces- morning a
of (fruit to it to A. B. of Chi-
station for New York, filled with sity for some active agency in the field consign ]JVlarketeaJACKSONVILLE\' \
The stencil him afar
strawberries and vegetables.The to counteract the wiles of the stencilman. cago. man sees ....-......... --- - """"'" -- ......
off he meets him in the lane he
a I Irresponsible, curbstone deal FLA., March 30.

Osceola: County Racing Club ers trade on the gullibility of the human climbs into the wagon by the breeching FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

have our thanks for a certificate of race as the priests of paganismtrade and asks a hundred questions [Corrected to date by Marx Bros ]
These are av rage quotations.! Extra choice
about the health of the
honorary membership. The next annual on its superstition.There family. When oU fetch. prices above top quotations, while poor

meeting will be held at Kissinv to be and the grower gets to the depot he shipsto lots oranges ell lower.bright......................$1.70 to 2.00
ought good true russet........................ i.40 to 1.85
mee April 20 and 21. Englishmencarry men in the field at all times to admin. C. D., of New York. M Indian River ............... 2.25102.75Lemons
Fla........................... 2.00103.00
with them wherever they go ister an antidote or a preventive to Now, if there was a tall packery .. Messina............ ......... 3.50
in the distance with rimes, too ........ ... ................. .50
their favorite national sport, and we the poison of the circulars and the standing up its Grape fruit, barrel.................... 3.25103.50 .
and its box. .................. 1.50 to 2.00
are glad that enough of them have settled stencils as fast as they arrive. Thereare bright cupola scarlet flag, its Pineapples. crate............ .'........ 7.ootojB.oo
noise of and the Bananas, bunch............ ........... 1.25 to 1.75
in that fine county to establish a plenty of good commission men sharp staccato Apples barrel:....................... 3.25103.50
of the locomotive pushing and ranbcrijes": crate .................... 2.75
course. to be found in the Union, but the Potatoes Irish barrel ................ :2.00102.25
i, I < shunting' the cars an at the sweet bushel...... .......... .50
weakness of the situation is that 95 ; agent Florida cabbage....................... ,06 to 07
Grape Growers' Association. desk waiting to give him the cash on Onions, yellow barrel.................2.75 to3 00
per cent. of the growers have not the red ..... ............. ....... 325
Wednesday, April 12, 1892, at warehouse receipt or an advance of $i .. crate ......................... 1.00
facilities or the persistence to hunt Turnips, barrel.......................*. 2.00
Orlando, there will beheld a meetingof a box on an English shipment, what Beets ................ ........ 2.25
everyone to his cellar and learn Carrots J. ....'. ............. ...... 2.50
grape growers for the purpose of chance would the stencil man have ? Parsnips, ........................ 2.50
whether he is true gold or only an Radishes, dozen...... ................ .40
forming a grape growers' association. .0" Cucumbers dozen...................... ..40CHery
All those interested in the culture of alloy; and if the growers' cen'ral A Clashing of Dates. ........ ... ........... .50 to .60
s ...
Egg Plants-wanted at good price.
agency, whatever may be its name, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower Jean". crate ........ ................. 2.50
grapes are earnestly requested to be few Irish Potatoes. crate............. 2.00 to 2.50
can do no better, let it at least keepa Kindly allow me through your val Peas, crate-wanted. ................. 3.00
present. ued to enter earnest Strawberries ....... ................... .30
I t list of gilt edge merchants to be paper an protest Cauliflower.."......................... .1.00 to 2.00
against the holding of the next meet not wanted
For a Convention. shown to the shipper as a last resort.
of the Orange Growers' Union POULTRY
.Councils of war never fight," said This central agency, Exchange or upon the first Wednesday in May, fens........ ..........................$ .40 to .45
Conventions boosters! .............................. 30 to .35
Bonaparte. never mar- what not, should have scores of pack. which brings it upon the second dayof Broilers...................... .... 7.5' to .30
ket But both councils of eries in the belt with bulletin the annual of the State Turkeys............................... i.ooto 1.251)ucks
oranges. orange a meeting ..... ................. ........... ...5t. .60
war and conventions of board at each on which Horticultural Society.A Jeese................................. 50 to .75'
orange growersare telegramsand similar blunder Eggs.................................. .16
highly necessary; and we gladly markets may be displayed every was .
which the
year, brought meeting of .
give place on another page to the call morning. The ground for 500 yards the Florida Fruit Exchange upon the FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN.

on the part of the Fruit Exchange fora all around should belong to the pack. second day of the meeting of the Hor JACKSONVILLE, March 29.

convention in Jacksonville, April 20. ery, and the Legislature should makeit ticultural Society, in Interlachen.The Telegrams as follows report: sales since last bulletin -

In the sea of uncertainty and vacillation a penitentiary offense for any man result was that the Horticultural 1st. Sale to-day averaged $2.65, re-
meeting kept some of the directors of
ceipts lights. demand good.
and cross which has to solicit
purposes except an Exchange agent the Exchange from its meeting, while 2d. Car 3433 sold $1.85 to 3.10. Car

characterized the history of the or- consignments within this .charmed the Exchange kept some of the best 1418 sold $1.60 to 3.55. Both cars aver-

onge industry, the Fruit Exchange has circle. Let the growers have these men away from the Horticultural average age S..67.$2.47.Car Market 472 sold very$1.55 firm.to 3.10,'

thrown down some boulders and stoodon cities of refuge where they will feel that meeting, and the interest of the fruit 3d. Car 370 sold S1.80 to 3.15, average

them. What is now needed above they are friends. growers of the State suffered more or 263. Car 60 sold 1.55 to 2.90, average,
among less in $2.13 (large fruit). Car 4 sold 82.15 to
everything else is to uphold this insti- The Florida Fruit Exchange has There consequence.is plenty of time yet to 3.10, average. 52.84. Car 7098 sold $1.70to

tution-even though it "is private conducted business with the solidityand 3.15. average, 233.
change the date of the Union meeting, 4th. Sale to-day 1200 boxes sold $1.55

business concern-add to it and build the conservatism of a bank, but but with nearly three hundred names to 3.70; average, $2.70. .

l .. '






5th. Sale to-day averaged $2.60, ship celery. 65 to 75c. per dozen bunches; let-. 30c. to 35c.; cauliflower, per dozen, 4.00 !actual acreage from which shipmentswere
heavily.6th. tuce, 3.50 to $4.00 per barrel; strawberries to 5.00; cucumbers, per dozen, 2.00 to i made in 1891.
Sale to-day $2 to 2.00; average, 60 to 70c. per quart. 2.25: potatoes, per peck box, 1.50; Italian PEACHES, PLUMS AND PEARS- The
$2.43. Demand for good fruit only fair. celery. per dozen, 50c. to 75c.: tomatoes low temperature prevailing Thursdayand

7th. Sold 2400 boxes to-day at 1.10 to CHATTANOOGA March 28. Bermuda, per box, 60c. to 75c.; tomatoes Friday nights, following after the
8.60; average 257. :Market steady, but Florida, per 6-basket crate, 5.00 rain and sleet has undoubtedly killed
large fruit drags down the averages. Oranges 2 to 2.50 per box:; lemons, I to 6:00: ; lettuce, fancy home-grown, per almost the entire crop of these fruits.
LATEST 5 p. )Splendid sale, quality Messina, stiff, 3.75 box: bananas. firm, : bushel box, 1.00; lettuce Southern, per. There is a possibility that a few late ;
and condition fair. Sold at 1.60 to 4.12; 1 to $1.75 bunch; seed sweet potatoes, i barrel. 4.00 to 5.00; string beans per blooming varieties of peaches (the ear-

average on 2500 boxes, 314. Ship more 2.2. to 2.50 bushel: rust-proof oats, 50c. bushel box, 3.50 to 4.00; egg plant, per liest to ripen) have escaped, and a few
fruit.E. bushel; cabbage, 2.25 to $2.50; onions, dozen, 2.50 to 3.00;celery root, per dozen, late blooms on most all varieties. Oneor
Western, 3 barrel; potatoes. Western, 60c.: water cress, per dozen 50c.; peas, two fine varieties of plums are unin- .
L. Goodsell, 800 boxes, average 1.75 to 2.00; snap beans 1.75 to 2.50; per 16-pound boxes, 2.50; Hubbard jured. The acreage in peaches, also in j

$2.31, New York, March 25: cucumbers, $2.25 to 2.75; tomatoes, $1.75to squash per dozen, 1.00. plums, has been steadily increasing for

Navels. ... . ... .. 2.25 to 2.80 2.25lettuce: ; 83.25 to 3.75: barrel; Florida shipped a good many toma- several years past, and the shipmentsfrom 1!
strawberries, 30 to 50c. toes here during the week, but most this section under favorable conditions -
Indian River. : .. .. .. 1.70 to 3.05
Halifax River .. . .. 1.60 to 3.20 of them were entirely too green, which would probably have aggregated

Bright .. .... .. .. eo .. eo .1.45 to 3.35 ATLANTA, March 28. restricted sales. The same State sent ina eight to twelve cars daily.STRAWBERRIES. .

Russet... .... .. . .. .. .1.50 to 3.20 Lemons, $3.75 to 4.00 Flori- number of cars of cabbages which was .-The growers of straw-
Same 800 boxes $2.71 March da 2.50 oranges 1.25: excellent in all respects, small, solid berries, failing to realize a profit out of
$2.25 cocoanuts
average to ; $ to 2.00; heads like the Holland, or imported
their for several seasons past, ma-
to 3.00 bananas
: pineapples, $2.25 : selected -
stock. The prices were the highest paidin
terially reduced the in this article -
Tangerines, halves..1.20 $1.50 to 2.2; ; peanuts, Virginia .
many years. and is much
.... 1.45 to 3.30 hand-picked. 4% to 6c.; North Carolina, the present acreage :
Bright.. .. .. ... A few shipments of strawberries came smaller than heretofore. The cold weather -
Russet. .. .. . .. .2.10to3.00 4 to fie.; Irish potatoes, w to 7Oc. per bu.; here from Texas during the past week, referred to has undoubtedly killed the
sweet 65c. bu.
Sgobel & Day for F. F. E., 2000 boxes, Strained potatoes, 8 to ,10c. ; per in the comb Honey-, 10 to but sold low on account of their condi- fruit and blooms that had formed but
and of Augusta tion. Texas is most unfortunate with the vines will put on another which
ex City.of Birmingham City 12c. Onions, S3 to 3.50 per barrel; cabbage crop
March 25: her berry shipments here the very high will mature May 1st to 10th.
green, 2 to 3c. per In.; strawberries -
with the
rates together longtime
Navels.. .. .. .. .. .. 2.75 to 2.95 40c.; tomatoes, $3; lettuce, 60c. per express is VEGETABLES.-The acreage planted in
the fruit en route operating againsther.
Fancy.'. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .2.45: to 3.50 dozen; beans, crate, 2.50; peas crate peas was about 40 per cent. larger than
Bright . .. eo.. .. .. eo.. 1.65 to 3.50 $3.25; mustard greens, 35 to 40c. per The of lettuce to this mar : last year, and it is thought that 30 to 40
Russet.......... .. ..: .. 1.75 to 3.15 dozen. shipments percent have been lost, which will leavea
and Southern
New Orleans other
ket from
prospective crop about the same as last
Same 1376 boxes ex John G. Christopher points tf late has not proved profitable 8ea on. As none of the vines had yet
March 24: NEW YORK, March 28. to either shipper or receiver. So bloomed the cold weather will have no

Navels. . .. . ..... .. 2.70 Receipts of oranges for the week closing much came in heated that shippers are effect upon the+prpduct.
Fancy . .. . ... ... .. 1.60 to 4.00 to-day aggregate about 18,000 boxes, putting ice in the barrels, and while the Beans not having been planted, no
Bright .. .. .. .. .. 1.40 to 3.35 a falling off of 1100 boxes from last week. express charges are tilt reby increasedost damage has been done and present indications
Same 1560 boxes, ex Nacoochee, average The market continues firm, fancy Indian of the stock is saved while en route. point to an. increase of about 35
$2.70: Rivers selling at 3.50 to 4.50; brights, se- xhe big home-grown supplies l leave no per cent.

Indian River ... .. .. .. ..2.55 to 3.70 lected sizes 3.50; to 4: straight lines. 3 to room for profit to distant shipper Turnips and carrots are uninjured and
Tangerines, halves. .. .. 1.50 3.50; russets 3 to 3.25; grape fruit, 2.50 P. M. KIELY & Co. the acreage in these articles, heretofore .
to 3: strawberries, 50 to 60c. Vegetable small, is aoout 200 per cent greater than
Blake & Ripley, for F. F. E., Boston; market steady; string beans, 3 to 4: \\'tax. .WASHINGTON, D. C., March 25.; last year.

March 21: 4 to 5; peas, 2.50 to 3.50; tomatoes, 2.50 Oranges-170-200, bright fancy thin Squash and cucumbers will not be effected -

Navels. .. .. .. .:.. .. 3.12 to 3.50 to 3; beets, 2 to 2.25: ; cabbage, 3.50 to 4; skin. 3.00 to 3.25; ; 176-200 bright, 2.75: by the recent cold and the acreagein
Bloods.. .. .. .. ... 3.25; to 5.00 lettuce, 4 to 5; egg plants, 12 to 16; asparagus to 3.00; 176-200 golden or bright russets, squash will be about 100 per cent.
Grapefruit.. eo. eo.. . .1.87:) to 3.25 1 to 1.25 a bunch; celery, 60 to 2.75 to 3.00; 176-200, dark rivets, 2.75 to larger, while that in cucumbers will be

Bright .. . .. ... ... .. .1.75'to4.00 : 90c. per dozen roots. 3.00; grape fruit, as to quality, per box, about the same.
Russet .. .. .. ...... 2.62 to 3.25 PALMER, RIVENBURO & Co. 1.50 to :3.00; grape fruit, as to quality, Crystal Springs, Miss., March 22,1892.
:Mandarins, halves.eo..eo..1.25 per bbl.. 3.00 to 5.50; strawberries, per t
PHILADELPHIA March 28. 40 to 60c.VegetablesCabbage. A New Seed Law.
Snow & Co., Boston, March\ 25:
Florida,per bbl. At the last session ol the North
Bright... .. .. .. .. 1.37 to 4.00 Indian River oranges, $3 to 4.50) as to bbl. crate 3.50 to 4.00 lettuce, Flori-
Russet. .. .. ... .. 1.62 to 3.62 quality; straight lines brights $3.25 to or da bbl., bbl. crate; 4,00 to 5.50 Carolina Legislature, the followinglaw
4.00; choice 2.50 to 3.00; russets $2.50to per or ; enacted for the protection of
Dix & Wilkins, for F. F. E., Baltimore, lettuce, Charleston, per bbl. or bbl. crate,
3.25; grape fruit. $2.25 to 3.00; Tangerines
March 24: 6 to 8.00; Mandarins. $1 to 5.50; 2.50 to 5.00; kale?, Norfolk, per bbl., 2.00; seed buyers :

Bright . .. .. .... . 1.70 to 2.80 Egg plants, 9' to 12.00 baird: cauliflower egg plant, per bbl., 10.00 to 12.00; beets, An act to protect seed buyers in

Russet.. .. .. .. .. .. .2.20 to 2.80 8 to lO.Od; cabbage wanted and per bushel crate. 2.00 to 2.25; round North Carolina. The General Assem

Navels . .. .. .... .. .. ...3.00E. quick, $3.25: to 3.75: ; cucumbers. $5 to i beans, per crate, 3.50 to 4.50; flat beans, bly of North Carolina do enact :
; E. 7.00 box beans round 4.50 to I per crate, 2.50 to 3.50. peas, per crate, I
Roberts/for F. F Philadelphia, ; green $ 1.75 to SECTION i. That any person or per.
1.50 to 3.00 crate,
; per
March 18: 5.50; refugees, flat and wax, if young I !
business in this State who
Florida crate 3.50 doing ,
2.00 sons
; tomatoes, ,-per
Bright .. .. .. .. . 2.35 to 2.90 4 to 5.00; peas, $3 to 3.50: beets $2 to to 4.50; asparagus, as to quality, 1.25: to shall sell seed or offer for sale any
Russet .. ... .. .. . .2.25to2.85 2.50; squashes, tender, $2.25 to 3.00; tomatoes 1.50 culls,75c. to 1.00.S. !
fancy, in cases, $4 to 4.50; boxes, ; asparagus : vegetable or garden seed that has not
BarnettBros. forF. F. E.. J. ADA3IS & Co.
brights average
$3 to 4.00; strawberries, 35: to 50c.; ripe plainly marked upon each package or
2.49; russets,$2.52; Chicago, March .
good sized $18 to 25.00 100
pines, ;
22. per bag containing such seed the year in ,
cabbage to-day reached $4. i The Lotterhos Circular.We .
which said seed shall
REDFIELD & Sos. was grown, com-
I have sent out inquiries to reliable
SAVANNAH, 3Iarch 29. mit a misdemeanor, and upon conviction
parties at the leading centers of fruit and
[Corrected by Kavanaugh & Brcnnau ] PITTSBURO, March 26. thereof shall be fined not less
in central Mississippi -
Oranges, bright, 2.50 to 2.75: russet, Following quotations represent vegetable production I than ten dollars, or more than fifty
1.75 to 2.25; Grape fruit, barrel, 1.75; rangeof bbl. I and give you the result of our in- dollars not than
to day's prices: Spinach, per or imprisoned more
box1.00; Pineapples, crate, 4.00 to 5.00: S2.75: : oranges(Florida), brights, 150-2008.1 quiries. TakingTOMATOESAs thirty days for each and every offence.
bunch to 1.75 Potatoes the itern in this
Bananas, 1.25 ; leading
$3.25112-128s] $2.75 to 3 russets, 2.75
Irish, barrel, 2,00 to 2.25 sweet, bushel to 3.; Potatoes, fancy, on; track, as to section we find that the loss of plantshas Provided that the provisions of this

,. 50c.: Onions, yellow, barrel, 3.00, red, quality. 35 to 3Sc.; from store, 40 to 45c.; been 10 per cent. at Crystal Springs, act shall not apply to farmers: selling
3.25 crate 1.25; Turnips, barrel, 1.50; choice white 37 to 40c.; slow, except i ia 20 at Gallman. 33 at Hazlehurst, 20 at seed in open bulk to other farmers or
Beets, 2.50; Cucumbers, dozen, 20c.; Celery small lots. Celery, per doz., 30 to 50c.; Terry, 80 at Jackson. 50 a*, Madison, 50 gardeners.SEC. .
dozen, 75c.; Egg plants, barrel, 2.50; cabbage, bbl.,$1.75 to 2 big demand. at Canton and 60 at Edwards. Figuringon
2.00 2.50 per ; I basis find that the 2. That any person or persons
crate to
Beans ; Peas crate, an we
choice old lb. 3 to !
corn 314c.
Pop ,
dozen per average this section is 25 who shall with intention to deceive
3.00; Lettuce 75c.; Cauliflower, W. H. WILLI AMs. general e from ,
crate, 1.50; Florida tomatoes,3.00;Strawberries *. per cent. In this connection the reader wrongly mark or not label as to date

25c. should bear in mind that over 60 percent package or bag containing gardenor
ST. Louis March 29. any
of the prospective crop was at
seed shall be guilty of a
BIRMINGHAM, ALA., March 28. Florida, extra fancy as to size 3.00 to i Crystal Springs. Last year over 70 percent vegetable ,

Louisiana cabbage, 3c. per pound and 3.75; do.:, bright, per box, as to size, 2.50 of the crop was located at Crystal misdemeanor, and upon conviction
scarce; lemons 3.75,4.25 to 5.00 per box; to 3.00; do., russets, per box, as to size, I Springs. As the prospective increase in thereof shall be fined not less than

Florida oranges, 2 to 2.75 per box; pea 2.50 to 3.00; California Riverside, per tomatoes was about 50 per cent. it will ten, or more than fifty dollars, or imprisoned
nuts 4 to 5c. per pound; onions yellow, box 2.25: to 2.50; California Washington be seen that the present prospects indicate rot less than ten or more
$2.75 to 3.00 per barrel; Irish potatoes, Navels, :G;00 to 3.25. a net increase of 30 per cent. over than .
thirty days.It
50 to 55c. per bushel; sweet potatoes. Si Grape Fruit-There was a better demand last season's crop. In this connection we
per bushel and scarce; bananas.50c., 75c. and a freer movement at 2.75 to would remind you that the season has would be a good thing for the

to $2 per bunch; cocoanuts, 3.90 to 4.00 3.50. as to quality and bizes. Fair grade not arrived for transferring the tomato Florida Legislature, which has initiated

per hundred; pop corn, hickory nuts and per barrel],6.50 to 7.00;choice, per barrel, .I I plants from the "cold frames" to the some excellent legislation providing a
walnuts, $1 to 2 per bushel; one-bushel 7.50 to 8.50; fancy, per barrel, 9.00 to field, and that a further decrease within for the inspection of fertilizers,
. crate snap beans $2 to 3; onebushelcrate 10.00. II i the next three weeks is probable. Last
cucumbers. 3 to $3.50; one-bushel New Vegetables-Beets, per dozen season freezing weather visited this section to follow it up with one somethinglike

crate tomatoes, 3 to 2.50; one-quarter bunches, 50c. to 55c.; turnips, per dozen I on the 5th of April, after a portionof the above. There is plenty of
bushel crate tomatoes, 50 to 60c.: parsly, bunches, 30c.; carrots, per dozen bunches I the plants had been transferred to the stale and worthless seed vended in

spinachleeksshallotsand greens 60 to 75c.; spring onions, per dozen, II field, and in consequence the acreagewas this State, though we believe our main
50 to 60c, per dozen bunches; radishes 15c. to 200.; radishes, long red, per dozen, reduced about 30 per cent. The seed houses do an honorable business.
60 to 75c per dozen bunches; Louisiana 30c. to 35c.; radishes round per dozen, comparisons above are made .with the


i .





Our young Folios taken to the graveyard and placed by find a taker. Let us raise more food the fine Brush grove west of the ice

\ the side of his dead wife. 'crops.-Levy T.-D. factory, at DeLand, the consideration
And the brothers, one a rich city mer-
the old Harrison
It is
chant, the other one of the greatest Messrs. Fakes & Martin disposedof
Billy Priscilla. farmers in the country, stood there with another carload of cabbage at their Jones homestead grove, and a part of

"What will we do with Priscilla?" uncovered heads, and wept bitterly. warehouse last Friday, to go to Lex- it has been bearing for fifteen years.
Father and mother both dead, lying This is the largest sale in
I 'I hain't got no room for her. ington, Ky.-the blue grass sectionof grove prop-
there side by side. Only the two brothers
"Nor I, either. You know my fami -left-and Priscilla. Kentucky. Price, $1.90 a crate at erty at DeLand this winter. Mr.
ly's been growing rapidly lately, James. Poor Priscilla! Her eyes were dry. She depot.-Ocala Banner. Stetson has abiding faith in the orange

Since my wife's sister and her two girls only stood there and looked down upon Mr. John Nelson sent ten boxes of industry, and has to-day the largest
came we've been crowded for room up her father's rough box in a dumb, dazed acreage in orange groves of any man
to my house. Poor Priscilla! I'm sorry sort of way. And no one wondered. oranges from his Goldenacre groveto in the State.-DeLand News.
for her." "Priscilla don't know enough to cry," ten different friends in Scotland.He .
"Not so loud, John; she'll hear you." everyone said.Priscilla heard from them this week and The roses this season are larger in

"Oh, she wouldn't mind if she did.She's couldn't when the brothers was delighted to learn that they were size, finer in quality and greater in

very childish. James, now you'rerich and the minister and the neighbors sat received in condition. New number than ever before. Half open
and you've got a big house in the down to the well-filled table alter the good buds nine inches in
rose measuring
city. Couldn't you manage to fix up a services were over. Capitol.
room-no, no; I see. Couldn't stand it The long winter day gradually drewto circumference have been quite com
to have folks ask about your foolish, silly a close, and when Priscilla saw the Home grown coffee, of the Rio mon.Ve feel safe in saying that

sister. I guess, after all, there's only dark shadows growing thicker betweenher variety has been the morning bever more flowers have been imported into

one thing left for the poor creature-" and the graveyard cedars she lighted age at Mr. V. O. Spencer's and the Bartow the past twelve months than
"What's that,John1* her candle and went to her
room. flavor pronounced fine. The coffee
before. Florida is the
Two heads leaned closely together; and The two brothers sat late over the dying i ever truly
bushes and
low whispered tones fell from the speak- fire, talking of old times, the present are now blooming promisea flower garden of the Lord and Polk

er's lips. and the future. They pledged themselvesone full cropVe will venture to say county must have been the center of "

Across the room, sitting by the win- to the other to bury Priscilla decently there is nothing grown on the Lake the Garden of Eden. Bartow

dow, laughing, nodding, clapping her when she died. They said they hopedthe that attracts more attention than the Courier.

hands, and watching the sparrows hop keeper of the poorhouse would come coffee.-Juno Sun. I
about the sill, was silly Priscilla. early in the morning to take her away."I Our State chemist has rendered the '
Poor Priscilla-commonly called Silly want to have the whole thing done The Florida Southern road has people of this State a most valuable

never gave her brothers a thought.She up before I go back home," said the city ordered a car load of all kinds of seed service in his "soil analyses," which
only knew them as being a little brother. I
to take the place of those recentl
nearer to her than other people ; as be- 'And I want it off my hands at once," I have shown so conclusively that our
killed the will
ings who were nowhere as near to her as aid the other. Then they said"Good- by cold. The seed car soil lacks potash more than any of the

the dead, gray-haired father lying in the night," shook hands, lighted their can- be here Monday, and all those who other chemicals of plant food. When 1

chilly parlor: as beings who were nothing dles and went to their rooms. want seed should not fail to call on more potash is used there will be less

to her compared to her good old Early the next morning the keeper of the agent, Mr. Mann, at the freight diseased trees thinner rind and better
mother, who was laid away under the the poorhouse drove to the door. ,
up This offer the
cedars in the little graveyard; t winter. "Go and tell Pris>cilla, James"' depot. generous on looking fruit, with flavor improved,
When those two grown men were boys "You go." part of the Florida Southern, will be besides trees that will stand the cold

they used to laugh at her odd ways. "Let's both go." highly appreciated by the people.- better from being thoroughly developed.Florida *

They gave her the name of Silly then. They opened the door leading into New Capitol. .
They thought she didn't mind it, but she their foolish sister's jom. It was coldas .
did mind it, in her poor,foolish way, andit ice and the wind rushed through the It is reported that a bed of pebble cold snap of last Saturday and

cut her simple heart to the t throb and open windows. Outside, in the snow, phosphate has been truck in the Sunday killed a great many of the
made l her! poor, weak brain t with were the print's of Priscilla'd bare feet. artesian well at Gainesville at a depthof
the line of the
flush PrL cilla" young vegetables along
sad, "Silly In the graveyard, between a fresh
160 feet. Shark's teeth and bone
they called her, long, long ago, when she mound of earth and one of snow, they Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West t
played with the sunbeams. "Silly! Silly! found Priscilla, with her dead, frozen phosphate are pumped up continuous railway, and the farmers were of

Silly!" they called after her when she eyes turned up toward the cold, gray ly.George L. Davis, of San Anto course greatly disheartened. How-

ran away from them with a strange, bky. nio, has shipped 101 crates of English the of the road has
perplexed look upon her weak face. And the brothers either
upon from one acre of ground and '
Poor Silly! She went down in the meadow side of the father's and mother's graves pease I ordered great quantities of seeds for
where the little brook,half hidden by and the body of the weak-minded girl, expects to have thirty more from the replanting in the injured district.

the tall blades of Timothy, babbled over felt the gaze of those frozen eyes same piece. They netted him from These seeds will be distributed by

the water cresses; and there, in her fool their souls;.and their hearts felt chill l as $1.62 to 281Herald. the road free of charge, and the
ish way, laughing and crying all in the death, for no time can ever warm the
A of tobacco be raised in
can farmers in the end will lose nothingby
breath she told her to the crop
same story cold spot in either's bosom.!!. S. KELLER -
brook, and wondered if the brook would : in the Pittsburg Bulletin.gtate twelve weeks-a shorter time than toe freeze save the work of re-

tell it to the people, and wondered if the even tomatoes, and which pays better.In planting, and- the loss of about two

people would tell it to her brothers. She twelve weeks a man with whom we weeks in getting the produce into
told the brook that it was wrong for her '! 'I
eels have talked this week made
brothers to tease and call her names. She $650 market.G.een Cove Spring.OONSIJMFTIONr.

said she couldn't help it if she wasn't ableto -.,. V X -WJVNrf'V X.- V > from one acre of tobacco. He hired

think as quickly as they could. And Leesburg does not owe a cent. The one assistant, and had the above men
then she drew consolation when she tioned
town is free from debt.Apalachicola's sum left after building a good
thought her brothers couldn't see pic- barn. A of his made
big neighbor
in the fire and couldn't hear low, mills I hare a positive remedy f->r the above disease;by It3
tures are busily engaged -
$900 from a three acre tobacco farmin use thousands of cases of the wont kind and of lone
sweet voices in the wind. .
in cutting lumber for export the of standing have been cured. Indeed BO strong in my fait
That was long, long ago. And now same length time.JunoSun. .
trade. in its efficacy tlul..m; send TWO BOTTLES rats,*niba
the two men grown are settling silly VALUABLE TREATISE on thiad @uetoaD7lUf.
Pri illa's fate. She doesn't hear them. Winter Park has put down one and ferer who will send: me their Express and 1*.O.addma.
smal- Mr. John G. Stetson has purchased T. A. Slocuin, 31. C.. 183 Pearl fee., N. Y.
She only wonders why a sparrow, one-half miles of iron clay sidewalksat
ler than the rest, drives the others away .
a cost of $r,6oo.
crumbs. And she
and picks up more
laughs louder and claps her hands when Sixty thousand dollars worth of or- Acw crirpar: ng: i i- a portrait of the late Prof. Ed

another small sparrow hops down and have been shipped from the Sri E. Phdp, M. I)., LL. D. of Dartmouth
commences a pitched battle with its rival Eustis depot to date. C ol:1 ege. He was a strong,able man,who stood
crumbs. up
for the remaining gain the literary and scientific worlds. It is not
Then a shiver l passed over Pri&cilla'sattenuated The Manatee Advocate, says thereare re
: acrally known, but it isnevertheless,the truth
form and she ceased laughing
'of the V
and sat very still. One quick glance ,000 acres vegetables on thY :it Prof.- Phelps was the discoverer of what i+

she cast toward the two men sitting there Manatee river, and none of them own to the Medical profession and Chemists

with their heads close together. And hurt. un.iversally as Paine's Celery Compound, un-

then she turns and looks l out the window Mr. Daniel Sinclair has experimented quof rstionaWy one of the most valuable discoveries ,

again; but she doesn't notice the spar- in sending 100 boxes of or- this century. This remarkable compound i it it

rows now that are flocking upon the hill. to London. Returns on same node t a nervine, an essence,a sarsaparilla, or any
Her weak face is very white now,and anges
she does not clap her hands and laugh. netted him ..l108; or say $5f40 a box. 'risetl article< but a discoryfry, and it marks 8-

She is listening. A low word falls upon tii.ct step in medical practice and the treat
worth from
her ears and her poor heart sinks lower Oranges are $1.75 to ant of nervous complies tirns,and the greater
and lower, and her brain throbs more $2.00 per box, delivered at the depotIn / all modern diseases-Paresis. It has been

wildly. Like the dumb brute that understands Eustis. The general supposition is eely: admitted by the be t medical talent in the

through natural instinct, Pris- that the buyers in this section this i 1d,and also by the leading chemistsand scien-
cilla comprehends what she hears, winter have made -':"Lake exhaust
money. ts, that for nervous troubles nervous
through intuition: "Poor house-good Th9 Late PROF. PHELPS.
care-won't live long-may get ugly- Region. I' 101 n i, insomnia, debility, senility, and even the

strap crazy folks down-won't be From all we can learn very little dreaded and trrrible Paresis, nothing has ev er been discovered! which reaches the disorder

bothered with her any more-cost money cotton is being planted in our county and restores health equal to this discoveryDON' of Prof. Phelps.w .
-dead--out of the way!
The next day the old father, who hadbeen this year. We have had some seedsat T BE FOOLED bv Mhrt. oJ.P 1Ju s i Art bare f'II flttH.utaIII Din nandDtjr,. NhtA/'f. ,
in tho icy parlor? for three days, was this office to give away, but cannot qud.tM JJtAund,tor FAMILY AND FANCY DYE' a.t .


0" _





are the plague of every housekeeper, of three well-beaten eggs. A thin boiled Lovely Crooked Lake.
Rur al I tlozr.e: and very difficult to exclude from custard or thick cream may be used to Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

trunks or chests. It is therefore an pour over the pudding. I am just in from Crooked Lake,

About Knives.It excellent plan to use something often ORANGE ROLEY POLEY.Make a pasteas where an artist and I went yesterday
if for apple dumplings, and roll it out
is surprising how: few households sive to them. Petroleum-paper is in one sheet about like a medium-sized afternoon to take a view of the'harbor

have a proper equipment of knives. said to be very effective. It can be platter, and not much over an inch in of the Great Crooked Lake. This is a
Work that might be done easily and be bought in rolls, cut in pieces long thickness; over this lay slices of orange romantic work of Nature. It will be
quickly often requires'an expenditure enough to cover insides of trunks or from which the peel and seeds have been resorted to by thousands when this
removed, roll carefully and steam in a
of twice the necessary time and boxes, over which clean newspapersor cloth for two hours. Serve hot, with a portion of the State is made accessibleby
strength simply from the lack of suitable wrapping paper can be spread, and sauce made of two tablespoonfuls of transportation. It has about 20
knives.A then all woolen clothes and furs flour, three of sugar and a heaping teaspoonful acres surface, is as round as a wash

cook was.lately asked why she had i packed in and first covered with clothor of butterjjmb;) these together till basin, having pass or neck of water
and then with smooth, then pour boiling water over entering it from the main lake and
left an apparently good place. "Be- paper, the.petroleum the mixture, stirring it all the time, so ,
cause. they haven't got a sharp knifein paper, after which the top should be that as the butter melts the flour and juts right up against the hills on the
the whole house," was the answer. securely fastened. Woolen goods sugar will dissolve, and the sauce will east and south and has two small, detached

Many a good cook labors at a great put away thus will be safe for any be perfectly smooth; flavor with half a hickory hammocks surrounding

disadvantage because she is obligedto length of time, the paper seeming to orange-peel.teaspoonful of A vinegar larger quantity and some of grated sauce it on the west. The hill on the

use the one sharp knife for all act like an antiseptic on the animal can be made, of course, but this propor- east mounts up abruptly to more than
sorts of purposes. Even house. fiber of the wool, to preserve and tion should be observed. 100 feet elevation, and is a strangerto

keepers, who; are quite particular inmost make it healthful.-Ladies Home RICE C-\KES.-Two cupfuls of boiled frost. This locality is a sight to
respects, will allow the same Companion. rice rubbed perfectly smooth into a pintof folks from afar who have heard the
.e-- milk; three eggs beaten light; a half "All South Florida is low and
knife to be used for cutting meat and saying :
cup of flour; salt to taste; a little melted
vegetables, and provide nothing but\ Feeding a Delicate Baby. butter improves them. flat." A city on these heights would

the, carving knife for cutting bread. There are three points to be con- FRITTERs.-Three eggs, one and a half indeed be "a city set on a hill that
All who have attended the lectures sidered in feeding a delicate baby, cupfuls of milk, three tablespoonfuls of could not be hid," and the reader may

given by professional cooks, Miss writes Elizabeth Robinson Scovil in Fry baking in hot powder lard., flour to make a batter.* depend on it that the native attractionsare

Parloa,. Miss Corson or Mrs. Rorer, the April Ladies' Home Journal. there.
must have observed the ease and rapidity The kind of food. GRAHAM CAKES.-Excellent breakfast This is March[ iSth, and no dam

with which they cut up a The quantity given at once. cakes may be made by substituting for age yet from frost in our sand hills,
chicken, took the bones out of a piece The time between the meals. I white flour brown or graham flour but this afternoon is ominous, indeed.
which is the whole of wheat
grain groundand
of. meat, or pared; a potato. This The kind of food must, of course, I' not bolted. Bread made from this Thermometer 55 at 5 p. m., and

was due, not so much to the fact that depend upon the child; what agrees not only contains a far greater amountof falling. Not an orange, lemon, limeor
they understood doing it, better than with one cannot be taken by another, nutriment, t Lut when well made it is grape fruit has been the least frozen

their listeners, nor that they had doneit while it exactly suits a third. A good very palatable indeed. i on our trees so far-no, nor a bud jof
i is of milk "When graham flour was first intro- either-but I be able
so many more times, as that for receipt one tablespoonful duced in this section the ultra hygienist may not to report -
eachoperation they had a sharp knife two tablespoonfuls of cream, two thought it must simply be mixed up with so favorably tomorrow at noon.S. .
just suited for the work. tablespoonfuls of lime water and threeof water and baked in a solid clammy mass. W. CARSON.P. .

In selecting knives, it is of great boiled water, sweetened with a tiny That indeed was horrible, and I do not S., March igth, 1892.-'yell, I
importance tQ have them of the right pinch of milk sugar. Make it milk blame any one for turning against it, but am thankful that I am !able to inform
warm and the food is ready for now that we have learned better and mixit that with a fall to 36 at daylightthis
shape and of a good quality of steel. use. as other flour, except that it requiresless you
Poor, steel cannot be highly sharpened This is sufficient for one feeding for shortening, on account of being morning, I find, so far, nothing
and soon shows a nicked and an ordinary sized baby until it is two richer, graham bread has grown to be damaged ; not even a tomato leaf of

jagged edge. An emery wheel is a months old; after that gradually in- quite a favorite-that is, among intelligent the larger plants, now blooming, nor

great convenience for the rougher crease the quantity without changingthe people.themselves The far i ignorant above classes it. Once still, the plants just up are touched. I

parr of( the sharpening process, while proportion of the ingredients. when we offered a poor man a bushel of should be proud to see all doubterscome
the finer work should be done with an .. ... wheat with the proviso that he should to Keystone and see for them.
emery knife sharpener.For The New Shade of Yellow. have it ground into graham flour, know- selves. My instrument stood in the
ing that it would be the very thing for his coldest locality on premises.s. .
the table nothing finer can be Yellow pink alone or togetherwill my
delicate little children, he positively refused -
desired than the beautiful French be extremely popular, writes Mrs. to take it, saying; hIt i is not worth \v. c.

carving knife. It is flexible and Mallon in the April Ladies' Home while for me to carry that stuff home; ............
strong, and will take a fine edge. It Journal, the yellow that is fancied be my wife wouldn't cook it."HORTENSE I WORTH A GUINEA A BOX."' \
would seem needless to urge that it ing a perfectly pure shade and rather DUDLEY in Country. .Gentleman.
should be 'used for light. Frenchmen who are nothing <
never any other The Florida Wine Company.The #
purpose. il not patriotic and polite, have dub .
above named firm, at Clay
The bread knife has a little differ- bed this shade "Cronstadt" as a recognition are blind who will | !
ent shape, but equally good steel, and of the kindness of the Czar of Springs, with A. M. Schultz as gen- not try a box of |
eral has made about six
is used solely for cutting bread on the all the Russians to the French fleet hundred manager barrels, of orange wine this BEECHAM'SPILLS''

bread board. Thus kept, it will last a last summer.
season. It was shipped to Norris-
life time. Therr*are many styles, some is ji jifor
Recipes.For town, Pa., where a ready market
with handles less elaborate
fancy more or It
found for the excellent product.
Our Rural Home. the disorders!
which: [
and the words "Bread Knife"engraved I. grow J
COCOANUT CDSTARD.-To three well- goes out of the State over the Flor I. out Of.Impaired Dlxes.lion -< |
on the steel. These two beaten eggs and half a teacupful of ida Midland, South Florida and the For a TVcuk '
are the essential knives for the dining sugar, add one quart of new milk, flav- Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West ottomachConaUpatloa.JI.ordeftd J''
room. oring with lemon or vanilla to'taste. Layer, 8lck Headache: < >
lines. The wine is of the best and '
| Union and Nervous ullmenta,
Mix well into shallow J or any ]
For the kitchen hall dozen pour a baking *
should be a dish, cover the top with dessicated cocoanut purest quality, and is not put upon j|they take the place of an entire medicinoj ;
provided. A "butcher and bake until it thickens, but the market until it is three years old. <> chest. < ''
knife,' for all heavy work ; a smaller do not let it remain long enough to whey The industry is a big one and is the Of all aruggists. Price 25 cents a box. |
meat knife for cutting out bones, pre- off. This is a dessert that a farmer means of utilizing the waste of the orange New York Depot,365 Canal St. 31

paring meat for stews, etc. ; a knife wife who has plenty of milk and eggs that otherwise would be a -.--
for ,paring: potatoes and other can get up very quickly if she keeps the crop per day*atbooo
vege cocoanut in the house, and it is quite an dead loss to growers Orlando Re- $5 to $15 Millar
tables ; a sharp steel knife, silver improvement on the simple custard. porter. LIGHTNING PLATER

plated, for cutting apples and other TURKEY SOUP.-Put all the turkey H.H and&&ble.are.(j.WS1T7wotCbeor *.. rutet tfc*
fruit a kitchen bread knife and A. C. Barr has realized about six CuMt of jewelry food M
; a bones and bits left of the dinner into pew.*a all kind of metal
garnishing knife, for use in preparing three quarts of ,water; any remnants of teen dollars from the grape fruit t s f with expvrleno. fold,diver*. Koeapttal.ETfTJ er Blckd.No ..
s vegetables as a garnish.Orchardand chicken or gravy can also be added, and grown, this season, upon a tree eight louse hM Whoteial food D...-
toOlutn4. *
Garden.A boil two hours; skim out the meat and I old. in his Grape fruitis s MCBI fS.Writ for drew*
the years grove. Ur II.E.DEJJVO*
set liquid to one side to cool. Then
1 and the de. eo.,Cot.......0.
: the best paying
Word About Moths. take all the fat from the top, then add among
the bits of meat, discarding the bones. mand continues: good. It should be
While waiting for suitable weatherfor Add an onion and other seasoning if de much more generally cultivated as a STATE BANK OF FLORIDA
house cleaning, much work in the sired. source of profit.-Halifax Journal. ..

way of preparation may be done. The COLD LEMON PUDDING.-One-half box ---U-.-. "SOT ISCOltl'OKATJSD.
ist of April being none too soon to of gelatine soared in four tablespoonfu's Horeford's Acid Phosphate.
attend to the putting away of winter of water for ten minutes; add a pint of The Best Tonic JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
boiling water, juice of two lemons, one
clothing to keep from the moth during known, furnishing substenance to both
of Strain and set
cup awayto
1 the summer. These little pests cool. When cold, stir in the whites brain and body. Capital!, $30,000.00




have done for the Texas herds what fully conducted in this State. Ber- not appreciated. A single cross of a

Ouratura1WeaIth.J ten years of grading has done. In his muda and Para grasses are an acknowledged strong Merino stock (as an old wool-

"" comparison with Texas cattle the success, and so are others of grower states) increases the weight of

Florida as a Stock Country. writer will go further and say that the their fraternity, and beggarweed and fleece two pounds, and a second cross

Probably few readers of our paper, Florida animal is altogether superiorto I other forage plants could he grown to : gives an additional two pounds, or a
in perusing the accounts of the great the native Texan in the flavor of his advantage. fleece of eight pounds. It is hardly

"cattle barons" of the West, are aware meat. The writer is not alone in this FLORIDA'S POSITION. necessary to say that good carefeedand

what a poverty of actual grazing resources opinion. In competition in the Cuban With a full knowledge of the Western protection-would increase this
their often immense wealth is market the Florida steer fetched a States and Territories, where it amount materially.
based upon. We have before us a higher price than the Texan solelyon takes from ten to fifty acres to supporta i CLIMATE AND ACCLIMATION.Col. .
United States Government account of superiority in flavor. steer the writer affirms confidentlythat I
Report on ,
S. S. Harvey, of Molino, Es-
Live Stock showing the number of IMPROVEMENT IN TEXAS. there is no natural condition in
cambia county, stated to us in conversation -
acres of pasture it requires to supportone When the Texas ranchmen began Florida to prevent her attaining as a few days ago that, within a

unit of stock (one steer or five to improve their stock, by the use of great a success from her cattle as any few years, eight or ten Northern fami-

sheep) in the principal States and Ter- graded bulls, over a decade ago a achieved by the most fortunate cattle lies had settled near him. One of
ihoiies of the Far West. Some of these Texas cow and calf could be bought for i State. She is better placed as to mar these was an enterprising man from

figures are as follows : In Texas it $12. Within six years the price of the I kets than Texas, being, as already. Illinois who brought with him three

takes 24.72 acres to the head; New same had risen to $30 and $35 and the stated, within a thousand miles of the carloads of sheep (Col. Harvey did

Mexico, 53.27; California, 35 63; Ari wealth which poured into the State most distant, whereas it is probablysafe not Mate as to the breed.and); after
zona, 122.24; Nevada. 145.65. which from the increased value of her cattle I to say that every hoof of cattle over two years residence the sheep

last is the poorest showing of all. was without a parallel in the historyof which leaves Texas travels from two had experienced no disease or loss in
We regret that we have no figuresas America. Before the buffalo's to three thousand miles before it b.coming acclimated.

to the stock capacity of Florida; bones had been gathered from the reaches its ultimate market, entailing
the climate is mild
but as a practical stockman for years, plains, Texas could boast that her great outlay of freightage and at least Although nearly
the there times
who has seen in* detail the pasturage western towns, which had beets ten per cent. loss by depreciation.When throughout year, are
resources of the five States and Tcrri created by, and were wholly sup the Texas cattle trade was in when the cold is severe, as was the

tories above named, the writer believes ported by the cattle trade, were per the same stage as that of Florida at case early in January last, when snow
fell and ice formed from
an eighth toa
that Florida would average at capita the wealthiest in the United present, it cost half the animal's valueto
of inch thick-an unusual
least with California, if not even with States, and that her cattle kings had get him to market. quarter an
however in West
occurrence, even
Ttxas. In a strong article on this established a new order of aristocracy.FLORIDA SHEEP.
Florida. A good many lambs died-
subject, from which we quote below, BEEF NOT "MARBLED. In the early history of Florida and 'for with no care in governing yeaningtime
M'\ J. Selwyn Tart estimates that
In this prosperity the value of the Mobile region French and Spanish lambs come at all seasons, and
FJcrida could support 3,000,000 cat- Texan grasses could claim no share; immigrants brought with them stock I under all circumstances. Of course
tle besides hogs and sheep. The
they were just the same as when a few of the celebrated Spanish Merino I this materially affects the increase.
State contains 37,9311520 acres, years previously Texas cattle were sheep, noted for two thousand I But the worst drawback at all timesto
which would allot one nead to twelve
killed for the value of their hides. years for the fineness of their raising lambs in this country con-
acres. This is manifestly too highan The cause of the prosperity was due wool, from which the rich fabrics were sists in the droves of hogs that roam
estimate (to? the native
pasturage, solely to the use of short horned made that were worn by Emperors of the woods, and, like sheep-and cat-
the basis of reckoning in the above
bulls. These impart: volume and Rome. The descendants of those tle also-have to "rustle" and get
- cases though it might be readily
; quality to the stock more than any importations still roam the piney their own living the year round.
achieved doubtless cultivation of
other known animal. The short horn woods and sheep walks of'West Florida These "razorbacks" destroy more
our pasturage resources and the sup. bull possesses that marbled conditionof and Mississippi Sound. An occasional lambs than die from all other causes

pression of the present annually recurring flesh which, from the butcher's infusion of fresh blood has been made, combined. It may appear somewhat
wasteful forest fires.
point of view, constitutes the high but the sheep here to day possess most singular to flockmasters ,in the North
THE CATTLE INDUSTRY grade animal-being interpreteditmeans of the characteristics of the orignal and Canada that everything pertainingto

Of the State ought to be one of its the presence of fat cells in the stcck.The wool is fineand retains meas sheep husbandry in this section

great staples, but it is the most neglected lean of the flesh; without it all meatis urably its ancient excellence of fibre, should be left to chance, or that any

and most atrociously conducted hard and leathery and compara- notwithstanding two hundred years ol success at all attends sheep-raising under -
industry, on the face of the tively flavorless. Corn feeding might inattention and neglect. The methodor such circumstances.

globe. Instead of attentipn being add outside fat to the Florida steer, rather, lack of method-which
concentrated upon the improvementof but if he were stuffed like a Strasburg obtains in the business, is to let the OUTLOOK.
the grade of the herds, the latterare goose from his birth till his death,' nota sheep run in the woods the year We do not look forward to any

entirely demoralized by one per- cell of uch fat would be found in roundcollecting tnem every spring for very great increase in the sheepkeeping -
nicious branch of the Cuban export the flesh of his carcass. shearing, and for trimming and marking industry in Florida, on the loose-

trade, viz: the supply of bulls and the lambs. They are never ranging system, for the reasons above
for the in housed fed. Of there mentioned: the losses of lambs from
stags up country plantations there from or course are
year were shipped
Cuba. To improve the cattle trade Key West 27.291 cattle which realized many losses, especially of lambs. dogs and hogs. But as an adjunct ofa

of Florida every native bull ought to The New York Dogs are one SoUl ce of loss, but the better agricultural system, as one of
$410,000. same year
be shot and improved animals substi head valued greatest drawback arises from the the resources cf a well rounded farm,
shipped at$3,332,
tuted to the extent of 4 per cent of the 33.412 relative head destruction of lambs by hogs. The we believe that the business'.is j ,:capable -
000; prices per being
the cows. The pastures of the State -Florida New York yield of fleece averages about four of a large and profitable e*,, $15; $99 72.
sion in the better sections of
are at present equal to the support of The latter probably weighed three pounds of unwashed wool. Thereis

at least 3,000.000 cattle besides sheep limes as much per head as the Florida little trash or dirt in the fleeces. the State.
and hogs. Whereas the cultivationof "LAKE WOOL."
steers, but the greater value of their THE WOOL.
artificial grasses and forage plants flesh largely consisted in its "marbled" During the past ten years the price In the wool markets of the Northall

would increase the yield ol the area quality, the fat being; interstreakedwith has averaged about twenty five cents wools are c'asified into washed

cultivated ten fold. the-lean, a quality so IT.u :h soughtby per pound. Col. Wm. Sigerson, of and unwashed. The !letter? includes

SCRUB STOCK THE TROUBLE. market goers. Then it must be Ocean Springs, an old and well posted nearly all the United States west of

Floiida has, in the popular mind, remembered that the greater value of sheep raiser (originally. from Ohio), the Missouri river, and south of the

been condemned as a cattle country the high graded animals is largely enhanced states that in his judgment this is nat- Potomac.

011 account of the poverty of her by the fact that a given weightof urally one of the best sections for One of the grades in this latter

grasses, which have been assumed to beef is achieved in a shorter time.A successful sheep husbandry in the great division is "Lake," the wool

be poor because the cattle present half-blood shorthorn will reach United States. The writer had con grown in South Mississippi and South

such a wretched appearance. The maturity in half the time requied by versations with a number of men in Alabama, which is noted for its fine

argument is unu, ;t. Tex s admittedly a scrub. this Slate and Louisiana whose opinions I ness and softness produced by the

possesses fine pasture-yet the southern FLORIDA'S ADVANTAGES. on this subject, from personal i mellowing vapors of the numerous
Texas herds of ten years ago Florida has an advantage over Tex:s observation and experience entitledto bodies of water in that region. It will

were in% every way as miserable ani-- in an abundance of natural shelter and respect. Most of them are men doubtless be a surprise to most of our

mals as those of Florida are to day. water at all points, which enables her whose business has been along other I readers to learn that only f four_ gradesin

No pasture in the world will improve to use up all her pasture and affords lines of industry, hence they have not I this vast region classed'as unwashed,

"scrub" stock, and under like con great safety as a winter range. Ac- engaged in raising sheep and wool. I to-wit: "Valley Oregon," "Montana

ditions a thousand years of pasturageon cording to the most reliable authori But while the fay uable phases of the i Medium," "Georgia" and "Virginia

the best blue grass of Kentucky ties, the cultivation of forage plants situation; for this industry are understood -i Medium" sell higher;; than "Lake."

would not improve Florida cattle, or and artificial grass could be success it seems that its possibilities are North Florida clips are not classed


, .
' i, ____ 0







strictly as "Lake," but are equally the coldest of the year. Corn and mel- damage apparent to citrus fruits. Rain I Great Britain has 150,000 acres of. I

desirable and command as good prices. ons that were up were killed. Irish pota- and warm tivtather are needed. orchard, an increase of 50,000 acr es

toes were also killed. The total damageis Titusville-The frosts of the 19th and within '

BETTER SYSTEMS.In not so great as at first supposed. 20th were very injurious to vegetablesand I 20 years. 1-j I;

a second article we shall consider Dade City-Frosts on the nights of the oranges. Where groves were not I II
45 sold in 88
18th"and 19th. Temperature on the 18th, protected, from one-third to one-half of

ways and means of developing the 28; on the 19th, 30. Potatoes were the buds were killed. I 2,288 sold In '89

natural and cultivated stockfeedingresources slightly injured and melons and tomatoes E. R. DEMAIN, j '
sold in 90 I
of the State.WEATHER mostly killed. Oranges are bloom Director Weather Service. i 6,268

ing freely. _elUnny _- i 20,049 sold In '9..

AND CROPS. Eustis-Careful inquiries of farmers Persons are broken : 60,000 will be void! ln'92 *
overwork household j jI
down from or cares.
living in east Lake county indicate thatno '""
Brotvn's Iron Bitters TctuikMhe I A Steel Windmill and Stael 1
damage was done on high ground by
For the Week Ending March 25, '92 the freeze of the 19th. On low ground. and system cures aids matt digestion ..Amoves-* the genuluc.e erects. of bile, I: C7 Tower:: These every figures 3 minutes.tell the .i

the damage varying from story of tho ever-growing, J
RAINFALL was greater, ---- I ever going, everlasting '

The deficiency in rainfall luring the 10 to 73 per cent. At Eustis not Exports of coal from New Sou,h i Steel Aermotor. Whero vuum* *'
touched ice one goes others follow Gi
even were though
past week was greater than during the one-tenth of an inch thick formed. Wiles were valued at $6,596,455 in I and we"take the country." "B 1'.15'.......
week No rain occurred Thentheoldwewereanabletomateariof ""
preceding. over "
and at in Tl the %1>.04' Aermotors la "VI. Orders often ... .
the Green Cove Springs-Temperature on 1889, $4,935,865 1890. e ..- .:r- '
of the State
greater part except a waited 8 weeks to bo tilled,hut now we hare
mere sprinkle. The heaviest showers morning of 19th and 20th, 30.5. Not decrease= was due to the great strike.A ruin Increased our plant and are pre p B w< j
promptly to plant our increase lar :i
fell in the western portion and near the nearly so much damage was done as was Ceylon tea has been investigating .ery habitable portion or the globe. an': i 1'"
at first The fruit trees still grower Are loa carious to know bow the Aer" '
gulf coast but even'where heaviest the i2
Southern California in regard motor Co.fa tae 4ih tear tf its existence $
fall for the week was not more than one- have enough blossoms for a fair crop if came to make many times as B =i_

third the average for the season. Rain we have rain soon. to its adaptability for tea culture, many windmills as all other: ; N
makers combined?HOW we came t= z.
is needed in all parts of the State and Lawtev-All vegetation i suffering for and was favorably impressed.In to originate the Steel Wheel, then =a"i.fT1

until it comes crops will show no marked rain. Irish potatoes and beans weio cut Mauritius there are over 250,003 3: .jC C: 8tel Tower Fixed Tower the Steel I Tilting PO-$4:"C

improvement. to the ground by the frost of the 19th. m. Q 1st. We commenced In a field laO S.,...
Indians of whom coolies p. ?
most are wblcb there had been no TEMPERATURE. All blossoms and fruit on berry plants **-Q nest fur tS year, and in wlilch) .;c I;'3 It'-
were killed unless covered. working on the sugar estates.oooooooooo. ,3: O there seemed no talent.r ambition ;;&.a.
There was a marked deficiency of O ** and none has yet been l shown except, ;"'
temperature for the week throughout the Lloyds-Quite a hard freeze on the = I g*; In Inventions.feed imitation of our as....Z
State. The greatest deficiency occurredin morning of the 19th and ice on the 20th I .75 jt Si.. Before commencing the w"eoS r'p

Western Florida. At Pensacola the and 21st. Vegetable and melon crop 5 manufacture, exhaustive sclen5 "I e:S's
(;) I C tlflo Inrestlzation sod expertm w
average daily deficiency was 9 degrees.The are killed. Fruit is greatly damaged.Oats o T1's1 II1! 1 P Ofls :: .C. meats mechanical were engineer male by la a which skilled Hag s .
and tobacco need rain. d;1
average daily deficiency was about 0 E 3: erer 3.00)dynamometilc tests ."
12 degrees in northeastern Florida for W To euro constipation parkin;;tho bowebSbouldbOn.'OhCdlt'tV O O wre made op 61 different! firm* CD:1;
Manatee-Tomatoes slightly and beans +'.c wheels,propelled by artiOciar i-:1
the first three days of the week for the ; 2** sat therefore uniform .wind eo
; greatly injured by frost. The vegetable Opowcrofmotlon. A rjcntlo ken..thdrO I 0)0.J which settled definitely' many. -_ ;rt ,. ;:f.
last three days the daily excess averaged crop generally was but slightly; injured.No effect only required. Tutt's Tiny ,..questions relating 10 the pr.per: f...
I speed of wheel tbe I ...
about 6 degrees. At Jacksonville the injury at all in some localities. Or- OLiver Pills nro prcnarcdvitli special p\ I a.*CD. anile, curvature and amount or sail surface. the ".IIt-
total deficiency for the week was 20 de blossoms to tho permanent euro of \y tS ante of air to rotition, obstruction la the wheel such ae
ange uninjured. COSTIVENESS and HEADACHE. lieary wooden obstructions before the wheel as la
N. and
grees. Milton-We had a hard freeze on the They aro mild and remain in tho ys-0 I *:j not the raneless less Important mill questions.many other These more abstruse Investlga, oreM

Reports concerning the effects -of the 19th, the fruit was all killed, and ice tem until they act on tam liver causo ; tlons proved that tho power of the best
cold wave that struck Florida the 18th three-eighth of an inch thick formed. a I1:1.turnl.Uow of bit 0 and their tonio I wind wheels could bo doubled, and the
are somewhat conflicting. There is E/J properties impart power to tl.o bow- > Z AERMOTOR dally demonstrates It has
no All crops that were up must be re els to remove unhealthy accurauivtlons. O 3: been done. T
doubt, however, that damage more or planted. Good nppctito and digestion; : 0 3d. To the liberal. policy cf the Arrmotnr Co_,that para..
a t: tees Its roods atl9f..ctorr, or pay*freight: both ways and!.
less severe was done to nearly all ts result from tho uso of thcsolittlo: nills.\y: .
vegetation C ,. theenormuus oa put of its factory hkh enable* It to fur
in the northern western and middle Molino\ -On the 18th the wind blew Price,23c. Ofilce,30 Para:Place,.Y. 3: 3: ni hard: from the northwest all day. At 0 ooefurnUh the most perfect bearings; Ter pet
sections of the State. Ice formed from 000080OOOOHatch ,:, C: *Mn a windmill and bar made aa exhaustive re-
night we had a frost with considerable c. vision of the
one-quarter to one-half an inch thick -- -- o Aormotor and Towers.
ice.Iany varieties of peaches and Chickens by Steam.' t ..j. If yon want strong,stiff.Steel Fixed T.werIf you
and the soil
frozen in
was placesin ii
wmn'the tower don't bare
many you 10 climb(the Steel T IItl nllt
the northern portion. Freezing temperature ''|):Sums; not being in full bloom, are tin- EXCELSIOR INCUBATORft O a a Tower)and the Wheel that runs when all others stand stll -
The LeConte pear trees can afford IMPROVED E .tht cost yon ls*than wood and lanf
occurred as far south as Tampaon (The Steel.Aermotor4 If wsnt Grand
WOl do it.. Thousands successful oper- yoo a Aemetor to
the coasts arid frosts to lose three-fourths of their fruit and Simplt.ftrjectand."' gvJaJi"1.Lowestpncea. O churn rrlnd.cut feed, pump water, turn c-lndstone sat
gulf damaging Still Corn that f .fint.clara Hatcher made. Q 2T caw wood that does the wnrkof 4 horses at the cost of
give a good was cut
were experienced in the Indian river sec- crop. I Guaranteed to hatch larger percentage 0 0.ODe (tlOO>. write for copiously. .Illustrated printed matter.showing .
down is out > conoh- hlfhaw r i
coming again entry
nt fertile eggs at lens eort than any other.
tion. It is the that the .
general opinion firad6a2orHlas.tauk 6wrh.bhutgafaeyill.. ( a well 1 D4wo-k PK C-AERMOTOR.. .., .-">.-.. c.. ,!_-CO...._l1tb j_audEockv
citrus fruits were but little damaged. damage was a_ -

Pears and peaches were seriously hurt in done to the pear trees in this county, but

the northern and western i portions. Irish if only one-half of the fruit is destroyed rt i NEW D!GOVERY; ACCIDENT

potatoes, beans, tomatoes,corn, etc., suffered no harm will result, as the trees weieoverloaded. In compounding a solution< a part was accldently spilled on the band

severely, and in most cases were Tobacco plants, where not and on washing rrward It was discovered that the Lair was com.
killed outright but still be pletely removett-Ve 1 at once put this wonderful preparation. on the
can properly protected were injured.
crops ,
market and so greatIt ;ban been tbe demand that we are now Introdoclnrrorld
made by replanting. Strawberries were throughout the w under tbe name of jueen'a Antlllalrlne.DTLY ,
set back several weeks where not Myers-We had it pretty cold on the }'' '' ITISPERFECSO HARMLESS AND

A good crop may still be realized protected. 19th and 20th, but no frost in the county I SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT. .

but returns to will not be sat- : so far as heard from. A rain wouldbe ;-' Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and tbe
growers so beneficial, though crops are not suf- ' 'hair(dlaappearsasitapplied [ by magic tbe slightest pain Injury when
isfactory ; or ever vile rward. It Isunllkeanyotberpreparatione\erased
SUNSHINE. fering yet.OcalaThe. = ='' fora like purpose, Tboupanda! LA1IJFSbubave: been annoyed
with balr on their F M. CJo;. MICK nnd ARMS attest Its merits
The first part of the week gave very rain of the 17th was followed GKNTM5MKN'find : 'who do not appreclatea beard or b&iron thelrnf'Clr.

much sunshine but the latter by a cold wave on the 18th and -- _.-r a priceless boo::1 In QUf>t'n'M Anti-IIalriiiewblcb does away
part was 19th. Thermometer 32 with ice the with Shaving by r enderingr its future growth an utter Impossibility'
generally cloudy. The weekly averagewas Price of Queen's Antt-Halrine$1. per bottle sent i In I safety malllne:bon postatre paid by us(securely
about the usual' amount for this morning of the 19th Severe frost and sealed from observation). Send money or stamps I by' letter with full n ldres written plainly. Correst -
some ice on the 20th. Tender vegetablt s pondenee strictly confidential. ThH advertisement t Is honest and straight forward In every word It
season, perhaps slightly below in some: contaIn. 'Ve InvltA yon to dpal with ne end you wl 111 find everytMiiK as r.-ftr pntPd. Cut tbls tlut and
parts of *"p State. will have to be replanted. Orange tree s-ndto-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO.,,174 RJce.Street, CINCINNATI O. You can
,. show considerable !scorching but tl e register your letter at any Post Office to Insure Its saledelivsrp. U e will pay.;noo for any case .
failure slightest injury to any pnrcha i er. Every bottle cuaranteed
REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS. will not be materially shortened.
crop C P C P111-To ladles who trainee and cell amoi ng their friends 25 Bottles of Queen's Adtl-Hatrine.
Amelia-Thermometer registered 30.5 OrtUlflL we will present with a SILK DRESS, ]15 yards best silk Extra Large Bottle and sample
Orlando-Some ice on the morning of O laststles of silk to select from sent with order. Good Salary or Commission to Agents. >
degrees on the morning of the 19th. Ice -- --- ----
the 19th, and frost on the 20th, but only

formed and the ground froze. The ten- slight damage vegetables.. r, Ir ; ,, ,, TO ALL BUYERS .
der shoots of orange trees show no signs
Pensacola-A deplorable freeze occurredon OF
of injury.
the night of the 18th, killing all tender
Archer-The frosts of the 19th and vegetation and totally annulling the fine FANCY POULTRY

20th damaged all Vegetables and peaches.The prospect of an abundant ;yield of fruit.

warm weather and high winds of The loss cannot well be estimated. Ice

the 24th left the remaining vegetables in from one-fourth to one-half of an inch ATTENTION

a poor condition. Rain is badly needed. thick was common. The minimum : all fowls sent

Bristol-The past week has been very temperature was 26.7. u "' ? HEREAFTER !, by express,
/ will at on -hal( the former
one-half inch thick the go
cold. Ice an on
Starke-The freeze
on the 19th and
Ir rates -a great saving to my customer
morning the 19th. It is thought the 20th did great damage to orange trees. I t *. This is by special arrangement

fruit is greatly damaged. Young plants Strawberries and potatoes were also and it! confined to
fowl from .
were all killed. injured, as were all crops to some ex Ps are the largest breeders of

Brooksville-Beaustomatoes and potatoes tent. f thoroughbred! poultry in Florida.
Come and see our stock or send
were generally killed by the frostsof St. Petersburg-It is thought by some for illustrated! catalogue and
the 19th and 20th. Young growth on fruit growers that the bloom on the &r ; price list of u vari ties

orange and lemon trees was cut back, mango trees were blighted by the high fir Poultry supplier of all kinds.
; Incubators and Brooders, Shell
but the bloom is apparently uninjured. cold winds of the 17th and 18th. Others -: and Bone Mills Clover Cutters.

Peaches and plums are not generally believe no damage was done. f'r Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
hurt. Boiled! Blood and Bone to make
Tarpon Springs-Frosts on the morn- hens
Bronson The cold weather and frosts ings of 19th and 20th. Very light here,

have almost totally destroyed the orange but severe at from three to ten miles in C' EGGS TO HATCH.

bloom in some places. every direction from this place. Cucum a E. W. AMSDEN,

Chipley-On the morning of the 19th bers, tomatoes, and corn in many cases '.T Or mondFla

the thermometer registered 22 degrees, ruined.; Farmers are replanting. No




.0.; i I


..: onmql Of THE STATE FARMERS flltlimflCE HflD> IflDUSTlpIt UNION.

Vol VI. "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 13.

Free Silver-II. money, the richer they are who don't of human life laden with luscious I I produce earnings to pay them and
. Editor. Alliance Department: work; and the lower wages are and fruit--I am ready to exclaim, "Too leave a balance sufficient to reasonably
In my last article I showed how the less the farmer gets for his prod big! too big!! altogether too big!!!" compensate capital and to make
values were reduced by the contraction ucts. Of course a Congressman S. W. CARSON.. necessary betterments. There is no
of the currency and demonetiza and a judge profit also, as their fixed Midland. reason why the people in one section
tion of silver. Competent authoritystates salary will buy more; so you see theyare a should be taxed more for rail trans-
the destruction of values at willing to buy the farmers prod Some Interesting Pointers About portation than those of another, and
over $10,000,000 ; or in other words, ucts cheap. Railroad Ownership. there would be no need that they
that sum, representing one-fourth of FRANK HKEL.; : Lionel A. Sheldon in the February should if consolidation were accom-
all the property of the United States Arena discusses "the railroad problemin plished."
was absolutely confiscated and the Grosses Swords With Mr. Neeld a very interesting paper, the con- iTo .
proceeds went into the pockets of the and Darwin. clusion of which is that the only possi-- Check the Commission Men.
men we now call millionaires.The Editor Farmer: and Fruit Grower: ble solution of it is a complete consol- If the orange growers must patronize
farmer has now to sell two or You will bear me witness that *I idation of all the railroad systems of the present commission men, I
three times as much of his productsas have very seldom engaged in contro the country.; He. says : would propose a plan which would se-
he did twenty years ago to get a versy with any of your contributors, "There are 600 railroad corpora- cure to the grower, at least correct
dollar to pay his taxes, which have but a remark of Brother Neeld in the tions in the nation and each has a returns, and remove the stigma at pres.
been actually trebled, whilst his prop i issue of March 3d seems to call for a corps of officers to be paid from the ent resting on many commission men.
erty has decreased fully fifty per cent. I brief comment. He says, "Vegetation I earnings of the respective properties.The Let each grower mark his boxes,
in.value. In other words, the poor slowly crept up, from the smallest expense of maintaining them is numbering them consecutively, then
.man's dollar, figuratively speaking, grass up to the giant forest trees." more keenly appreciated by railroad require of the commission merchantsto I
was made worth only fifty cents, How unlike, I thought and have kept managers than by any other class. To report to whom each box was sold, I
whilst the rich man's dollar was made thinking, another declaration, whichI avoid this expense has been and is, in the date of sale and the price paid.
worth three dollars.: [So ?-Read Mr. abbreviate a little : "And the Lord part, the motive for systematization.The This can be easily done, will not require I
Boyce's article in issue of March 17. God made every plant of the field before idea of consolidating all the roadsof much trouble and would place I I
-En ] it was in the earth, and every the country and placing them underone the producers in a position to checkat
One of the most singular things is herb of.the field before it grew." (See management is more prevalentthan once any rascality which the com
that out of the millions of people in Genesis, ii:4,5: also iI: 1,12.) appears upon the surface. C. P. mission men might attempt, because
this country only a few men really Now, I cannot help thinking that Huntington, president of the Southern they would net corrupt the whole
appeared to see this scheme of whole the wisdom, skill and power adequateto Pacific, than whom there is not an body of their customers here, and all
sale robbery, or had the honesty and the creation of the great globe we abler or more experienced railroadman the facts in regard to each box of fruit
courage to warn the masses. But tread upon, with its minerals and in the country, i is an open advoCate could at any time be proven. The
their voices were drowned amidst the gases, and to create and plant mil of consolidation. It would dispense growers should jeep a record of each
howls of "crank !" "rag baby !" lions of minute seeds from which with the salaries of 599 presi box by its number, quality, number of
"honest money !" etc. And the Brother Neeld's supposed little spearsof dents, a great many general managers oranges, date, etc., and the wholesale
masses chose Barabbas, as of cld. grass sprung, would certainly have and chief engineers, a large numberof merchant a corresponding record;
Having showed the effects of past undergone no strain in creating all attornies and traffic officers. There this could be compared from time to
financial legislation, which I challenge the plants of earth in full maturity would be no need for freight and pas- time and would be an absolute checkto
anyone to gainsay, let us now see and fruitage. But the idea of the almost senger solicitors nor commercial agents I any wrong that might be attempted.A .
what the effects of the remonetizationand innumerable varieties of luscious The number of ticket and freight cheap instrument can be made if
Iree coinage of silver will be, par fruits above and beneath the soil pro- agents could be materially reduced there are none already invented, that
ticularly upon the producers, and inversely duced by trees and vines, in additionto and the rental of numerous offices will enable the planter to mark each
on the sponges or the absorbers the numerous cereal varieties, .presents saved. The occupations of traffic box consecutively by a movement of
of wealth. such formidable proportions, associations would be gone. Fewer the stencils without any possibility of
Some people appear to have a great when told that they sprung from little engines and cars would be required, mistake. With this system in use I
dread of a plethora of money, and a spears of grass (for his idea must as there would be no returning of am satisfied that it would be better to
horror of this our country being made run through the whole), thatI the 'empties' because they belongedto distribute the fruit as widely as possi--
the .dumping ground of all the old cannot swallow it just in that shape. a foreign road; and freight block- ble, instead of crowding it into one
silver spoons of the world. In the The thoughts of the tall cedars of the ades would. nearly disappear, for auction room where occasional sacri-
first place, if any man could take to a mountains, and the mighty cypressesof freight could be routed over the freest fices are unavoidable, when our cropis
United States mint and have silver the swamps the 150 feet spread ofa lines. Under present conditions each increased, as it soon will be, no
coined into dollars, and such dollars single live oak or the African baobab, company clings to its own, regardless.of matter how good the intentions of all
made a legal tender for all drbts, thirty feet in diameter, or the Australian the delays from bockades on its concerned.-J. A. MACDONALD in
both public and private, such dollar eucalyptus, thirty feet in circumference I line. All employees, engaged in Tropical Sun.Doubtless .
would be equal l with a gold dollar, and 400 feet in height; the keeping foreign car accounts and in it would be an excellent
having the same intrinsic value, thatis banyan tree, with 350 stems, each adjusting division of earnings on thing to put this bell on the cat, but
debt-paying power. equal to a large tree, and 3,000 through business! could be discharged.These what mouse will volunteer to do it?
This would enhance the price of smaller ones, which has been knownto general statements indicate .
silver fully thirty cents, and would shelter 7,000 men; or even the numerous what might be done if economy were The Oregon Alliance Herald (Pen-
stimulate silver mining; and the dol- varieties of earth's tall oaks and faithfully carried into all the details of dleton, Oregon) says: The government
lars coined would be paid as wages pines, the multiplied thousands of the business. encourages every industry except that
and spent for food shoes, hats, or- other varieties eminating from micro- "If all the roads were embraced of agriculture, and then tells the farmer
anges, etc. scopical grasses is to my mind a wild ill a system, making of rates would.} he ought to be proud of the pros
Be it understood right here that the thought. And attempting to con- be a simple operation. They couldbe perity in general, because when people
# only objects of the advocates of a gold template the countless varieties as- made equal in all parts of the have lots of money they want lots of
standard are, that money should be sumed in the almost immeasurable country, based upon distance. It potatoes and turnips, and the farmer
scarce so that no business can be "creep-along" of Brother Neeld's little would make no difference if one ought to feel grateful that he can come
done, no houses built, not even a jail spears of grass, merging at last into branch or line failed to earn its shareof in at the tail end of the processionand
or court house, without going to Wall the huge eucalyptus in the tree line, operating expenses and the pro- be allowed to swallow the dust of
street or money: lenders and paying and into the numerous varieties of portion it should contribute to the those who are ahead of him. He must
them big interest for its use, with vines, as the pumpkin, squash, and income upon the capital, as other I sell where he can and for what they
which they can buy the products of I melon, maturing their enormous balls branches or lines would made up I r will give him. He gives the merchanthis
industry cheap. This is all the science of. fruit, and vines of the scupper- the deficiency. The traffic depart price for what he buys, and whenhe
there is in Wall street finance. The I nong grape, capable of growth sufficient f ment would estimate the expensesand asks the merchant. to look at the
dearer and scarcer they can make to cover acres of soil in a term fix the rates, so as to produce he has for sale, does he fix

1 .






the price? No; he goes to the mer- Under the Hammond bill the first of the benefit to be derived from send RICH FLORIDA LANDS

chant like a whipped hound and piteously Monday in April is the last d.iy on ing fruits and vegetables the "Home

asks him what he will give. When which taxes can be paid, without incurring Market," in Jacksonville. Like j-----

you sell you take what is given you; additional expense. After Region. I.,
when you buy you are taxed by a tariff that the taxpayer transacts his business < I.i'
on everything you need. with the State Comptroller.; Let u > A company has an application fora
charter drawn up, the purpose being I
tOur offer a parallel case to the one takenon
Tax to propagate and grow manatees, I
System.It supposition above. The taxpayer, i
is a curious fact in human history it is assumed, is not ready, as cited in or sea cows, in the waters of Dare
The farm will be Card'ssound
' that some people are never satisfied. the instance above, to pay his taxes, county. at I
Give them the earth and they want until January i. Then what happens? just below Biscayne bay, and II
will embrace
the moon. When we have a really Nothing serious. The only additional 10.000 acres I
good law why not let it alone? Or if charge is nine months' interest, at the of water, the bottom of which is
covered with the d
it be an improvement on the one that rate of 25 per cent. per annum, and grass so greedily i
This industry
preceded it, give it all the credit to not one-fourth more for a mere frac- votired by the manatees. I
will be The
which it is entitled while commentingon tion of a year as previously-two, very profitable.
arimals when full weigh from
its defects, then ask for something three or six months as it might be. grown
better; but in the act of demolition do Again, there is only a 25 cent regis 1,000 to t.5oopoundh, the flesh is
superior to beef, and the hides are Farmers and Think.
not fail to make a suggestion of some tration fee in the new law and no ad

thing better. What would be thoughtof vertising charges. Here, alone, wouldbe equal other to walrus for when polishing girthleather wheels WHY Spend the best years of your

the man who would tear down his ordinarily a saving of five or six and purposes life cultivating the soils oi the frozen
in thickness will
old, rickety house without having dollars to a taxpayer who had been so an inch or more North and West raising crops on which

made any provision for a substitute? unfortunate as to have his property answer.Juno Sun.DON'T the freight is often not realized, when

Now, the attack of the Tallahas-: sold for taxes, and, by the act of then ----- you can buy land from the undersigned,

seean, found in the paragraph quoted paying up, also, at the same time, rich and fertile as any known lands,
+ below, is precisely in line of that prin- redeems his land, which, by the terms DELAY TO : and where you can raise a crop that the
rather its absence. The of the old law would entail United States Government will
ciple, or a heavy Stop that cough! Else the bronchial pay a
r clipping is going the rounds of the additional expense. See the difference tubes will be enlarged and the delicato BOUNTY of $too on each acre.

State press and is calculated to do ? tissues of the lungs exposed to injnry. HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

mischief. We will venture to say The bill as it now stands may be No other medicine is so speedily opera- the said crop right there in your home .

that not one by whom it has been subject to some imperfections, as all tive in throat and lung troubles as market tor $250 per acre. You ask tor

copied has given the matter a second things earthly are, but it is not opento have Ayer's been Cherry known Pectoral.to break A few an doses ob- the "How" and the "Wherefore."
thought, and that not over half of general complaint. It is, more- stinate and distressing: cough. Sufferers Quite right-tacts and figures count best.
them could define the difference between over, not at all the bill introduced by from asthma, bronchitis, croup, consumption
the old and the new law. This Senator Hammond, though it embraces sore throat, and whooping Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.

may well be termed thoughtless jour- his general views on the sub cough find a sure relief in the use of this TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers

nalism. Such items are often clippedin ject. The original measure was liter preparation. It the inflamed of papers, the fact that there is now

a hurry because they have a bold, ally riddled to pieces-and even that motes expecto-mem- Trysoothes J ,and pro-in. established near Kissimmee, Fla., the

. aggressive look, but as to truth are was a better one than the law by duces repose. Don't be without St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale

: destitute of foundation. The item to which it was preceded-the present it in the house.!' Sallie E. Stone, news. We are talking to all our
1 which reference is made reads as follows enactment being a compromisethelabor Hurt's store,Va.,writes: : "I have found, friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
: and result of a conference committee in my family,that Ayer's Cherry Pecto- cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will

"The Hammond tax bill will prove chosen by both houses!; of the ral was always,; a certain cure for colds pay you a bounty of two cents per poundon
unsatisfactory both to the State Treas- Legislature.The coughs. the manutactured sugar. The St.
"Five years ago I had a constant
ury and the tax payers. It is a bad old law was so full of abomina cough, night sweats, was :greatly reduced Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,
law and will no doubt be repealed justas tions that the people could no longer in flesh,and had been given up by averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the

soon as the Legislature meets. It endure it, and the members of the last my physicians. I began to take Ayer's acre last year, and it will go 5,000

will be expensive to those who do not General Assembly went to Tallahassee Cherry Pectoral and was completely pounds this year.METHODS .
their the first in full of that conviction that I cured."-Anga: A. Lewis Rirard,N. Y. *
I pay taxes by Monday so they ? This isn't the only big
April, and we advise all to call on the knew something must be done to Ayer'sCherryPectoralrrepard chance of your life, however. The
collector and settle before that date." allay the universal feeling of discon cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee -
Whatever the Hammond tax bill tent that might soon, otherwise makeit by Dr...('.Ay r&<'0,. \t.oa'ctl, Ma"".
is become an assured profitablefact.
Sold by all Druggists. Price $1 ; ..tJottl.! ..,.$5.MADE to ,
may be to the State Treasury it is, or an issue at the polls. There is no richer or better

should be, reasonably satisfactory to Another strong point in favor of the truck and market-garden lands in the

the tax payers. It may not be perfect, I more recent legislation consists in the world than the land on the rich over

but it is an advance on the former fact that there can be no forfeiture ot SPRAY4 ilow, or bottom lands about Kissim

one-a betterment that all sensible title by the owner under two years, inee. Write, tor confirmation, to Col.

citizens. will realize when they once whereas one year gave a purchaser at P UP BY .\. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia

fully understand its provisions, as a tax sale absolute claim to the prop. Times, who has personal knowledge.
compared to what before existed. erty under the old dispensation, thus THE DEMINCCO. : Then in lands lor orange groves, or
Let us look into its merits a trifle. making the chances in favor of the I SALEM OHIO. I already cultivated or bearing,
I groves
Write for Catalogue and TREATISE ox SPBAYINO
Says the paragraph: "It will be ex- I debtor two to one. This is surely I can satisfy you that your best interestslie

pensive to those who do not pay their I something worthy of appreciation.- DEAFNESS in seeing me before any one else.

taxes by the first Monday in April." Sanford Chronicle. BEAUTIrUL HOMES. The health

Not at all by the new regulations.Let ITS CAUSES AND CURE, fulness and beauty of Kissimmeehave
us institute a comparison betweenthe County Alliance Meeting. Scientifically! treated by an aurlft of world been questioned. No
two laws. Suppose, for instance, The Lake county Alliance met at wide reputation Deafness eradicated: and never
entire!)cured, of from .Oto3Jyears'stnd nic, diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia .
that under the old law a man permitted Lisbon on the i6th inst. The various after all other treatments have failed. How medical
he difficulty 1 I' reached and th cause p. -in fact, read our
his to be sold for taxes sections of the county were represent
property moved fully explained In circular, with affidavits Beautiful cottages, villas or
the'first Monday in July; and then by ed. An election of officers resultedin and.stlmoiila.sot", cures from prominent report.suitable for residences. Write
mallPd free lots
the reelection of the old officials prop
first of had :
the January-having Dr. A.FONT A.NE:, 19 East utn st N. Y for terms and particulars.
finds himself Ben Dowd president B. E. McLin
meantime, a good crop-he ; ,
able to redeem his land. His secretary; Rev. W. T. Laine, lecturer.A NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY. COME SOUTH, And get untold

fees at that time, in addition to his i. discussion of politics was introducedand quantities of the grandest climate in
IN COUNTY JUDGE'S COURT, I with each acre of ground
world free
taxes, would be 25 per cent. on the resulted in the decision that the DUVAL COUNTY, FLORIDA.* the

original amount, hence a $12 tax Lake county Alliance is a nonpartisanbody. \1PIERnAS., Chas of W.Geo.DaCosta C. Goodrich administrator deceased, purchased. Come where in you the can till
would reach $i5, besides $2 for advertising Hon. B. T. Baskins, presidentof late of the county aforesaid, having filed in the the soil twelve months year
office of the County Judge of said county a writ write for full particula
Alliance At least to me
registration and other fees. the State was present, ten suggestion of the insolvency of said estate
Next in order came the expensiveeffort and pronounced himself in full sym- notice is hereby given to against all persons said having estate.claimsofanynaturewhatever to file WM. CANNON Kl* lmmte,,Fla.

to redeem it, a process but too pathy with Mr. Livingston's idea, the same duly authenticated: in the office of Agent for the land*of tbA Dlwitou Cpmp auIU.
Alliance should be County Judge of said county on or before the 8th AftflociateJ Railways land,and the
well known of readers. that the non par for the
to will
many our day of April, A. D.. 1892.at which time there land of KlMlmmee Lard Co.
Still, the property, having been sold, tisan, but at the same time should endorse be,a and pro the rata administrator payment to creditors discharged.entitled thereto Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trucking
was unredeemed and at the end of the the candidate that best represented Witness my name as County Judge of said fruit, grazing, timber general farmingt
year the title was transferred to the Alliance principles. Hon. A. county,this iSth day of September W.B.A.OWEN D.. 1891. and home.lands. Send for map showing

, purchaser. S. Mann was also present and spoke \o-l-6m County Judge. I lands.








Tojnsure insertion in this column, advertisements I UI JT
must be accompanied by the money. I F RER,11;:; R fARMERSAtuApt;1 We have some of the finest Frost Proof lake
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. I J ..a......,+rw., front properties the wh le State.
Postage Stamps received in payment. 1'\ CP'ISOUDATtD' JAM ARL UM Phophatelandse garden and truck lands, nursery
Count every word,including name and address ---- --- ----- stock and general supplies for the plantation
i ------
or grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.
i FOR SALE-One and a half miles from Inter PAGE & HAMMOND.:
bearing orange grove furnish i-7-tf Auburndale, Fla.
house and everything requi-ite tor a comfortable
t home on the property. Full particular from E. Terms of Subscription:

t A.BROWNEret&Grove,Interlachen, Fla. 33131INTERLACHE U!
IN For one year.$2 00 I- s
r !*, PUTNAM Co.. FLA.
"' 8. C.Warner, E-q.: Crya
For six nQO
months..l 00 a
DEAR SIR Having closed our packing hous
. for the season we write to let you know how ?
much we thought of your Wrapping Machine; it *Subscriptions In all cases cash In ad : 0
has worked beautifully for u". FREE TO ALL. a
We should not care to go I ack to wrapping in ranee.
any other way. Yours truly.

____3-3i-2t __ FRANCIS & LOKO. hates of Advertising on application. ,
Tllghman's Condition Powdersare

guaranteed to cure Salt-sick cattle and pre- REMITTANCE should be made by Check Ehq
vent cholera in chickens.! Best medicine for all n
stock. For ale all over Klotida Sample pack- Postal Note Money Order or Registered Let ray 0 o on
age by mail for 35 cts. W. G. TILGHMAN. Valai- 5
ka. Fla 3-3i-at Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall tall ter,to order of

SALE Transplanted tomato plants r=n-
FOR Champion. selected Acme, 40 cents subscribers remitting $2.00 for FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER m Wo ag4Ae

per hundred or $3.50 per i.ooo.( Address B. L. AND FRUIT GROWER, nd
CADNESS Box 214. Jacksonville. Fla. 3-31-21 renewal or new subscription,a copy Z
V tYClark'a

PAPER-Cheaprr than house; in Jacksonville, Fla.
WALL any of "Whitner's Gardening In Flor-
state. Samples prices and instructionsfree
,by mail. J. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street, "
Jacksonville, Fla. 3-24-601 ida.

WANTED F.dgewater Grove, a girl to do To all who remit $5.00 I will send A MAR I'iauo'turyid45OHIS :
in family of two. Address -
I'. \V. HIM. Stnf; tro. :\-2.l-\t NEIGHBOR
this paper and the "World's Colum-
It K LOQUAt TREES, 6 inch! to 4 feet, ''I paid onlyS375.
Ajvl$4 to $15 per 100; nice pot grown bian Exposition Illustrated," for
plants, 10 cents, by mail; red and yellow Cattley m8IiI 1 .
guavas, I to 2 feet, pot grown $. per dozen; Y
choice roses $i per dozen. Palms are our one year, the subscription price of 'ii T&ttr1"- : Fort"'Vt'ry.nlUf'jr" 1 Inco.
specialty BRAND & WICKERS, San Antonio :
Neither rne WEB forth
which Is $4.00 annum.C. .
Fla. 3-2d-2t per nickel
a over>$200.

FLORIDA'S advantages"'for small investments, W. DACOSTA 11:j insure Yourself
Estate Journal, Arcadia, Fla. against paying .
$1.00 per year: sample with state map. 10 cents. PUBLISHER. i-rnff by baying
3.2 t-l2m direct i.t>m CutawayIIARKOWS

FOR SALE-Twenty thousand reset tomato HIDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Ga.
Livingston's Favorite, strong and The World's Fair. V'ihohavehntDePiNsndthat: the fa-1 Imam. | AND CULTIVATORS.
well rooted; price, $2.50 per 1000 Also a lot of .You cnp't ply them more than Instrumentsaro
seed bed plants at $1.50. II. M. & R. FRITH, actually worth. They are not built that way.: I keep in stock seven styles, cutting: in width
Lane Park, Fla. 3-7-3t We have received the last issue of Write for Latest.SPECIA L OFFEnSe from two((2)) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from $10.00to
J-31.00. Send fur cat ogue.
BOARD&IAN, MARION Co., FleA. the "World's Columbian Exposition E. S. HUBBARD Gen. State Agent.
Mr. W. C. Warner. Palatka Fla.: Federal Point. Fla.
DEAR SIR-In answer to yours of 21"t inst.
Illustrated the authentic
You can say for me to anyone interested, that we only organ
have used your Wrapping Machine for two Did yon ever receive a letter You can GRUB AND MP PULLER.
years-wrapping out about 20,000 boxes each year of the Great Fair. The object of this receive our Roses the same way-by mall,
-that the wrapping has been far better done,and postpaid. Toe Californian or the Pennsylvanian -
at a great saving in cost over former years, when: I publication is to give a complete authentic can alike enjoy the advantage of < UTE have the most practical and powerful Grub
wrapping by hand. We would no more go hac dealing direct at the ltose headquarters of bing Machine on earth. Simple in construction -
to hand wrapping than to packing in barrels historical record of the Columbian the world. Success Is universal with our and operation. Will pull a Io-Inch tree of
withcut wraps sizing or grading, as we put up sump with one horse in 2 to 4 minutes time.
our first crop sixteen years ago It contains ON THEIR Will do the work of 10 men. With proper care it
Yours res>p)', Exposition. 32 pagesof ROSES will last a life time. We have a safety lock, a
3-i7-2t F. G. SAMPSON, 'OWN ROOTS! take-up on the spool, that saves wearing the rope
official proceedings, and will give out in a short time-one of the principal objec.
WANTED exchange one-hair interest in We desire tbe acquaintance of every tions to all other machines of this cla-s. We
and paying wholesale manufacturing photographic illustrations printed on Enameled flower lover In America.and offer oar Jose guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of
business in northern city, for bearing; QuMeand Calalwuc. free by way of in machine complete F. O. B. cars Sigourney; Iowa,
orange glove, well located. Can reduce half paper, of all the Exhibits Build troduction. It mirrors our immense stock, 175 and $85. Agents wanted. Territory for sale.
interest to $5.000. Address OWEN JONES. 3334 and gives a quarter of a century's special Write for catalogue.
Caroline street St Louis Mo._3-IO.4t flower experience for tbe asking only.
and attractions of the Great Fair.
ings, Other flowers nNo. No fancy prices. IOWA GRUBBER CO.221'71 .,
ORANGE WRAPPING :MACHINES should be TheO W without price. Send youraddress.;
now fot delivery next fall. Send for As a work of Art, containing the most [THE DINGEE & CONARD CO.<
circulars and references to E. II. WARNER \\Rott f*'- Sieourney, Iowa.
Growertb'SeedsmenWEST GROVE.PA.<
Palatka, Fla. 2-25-St interesting information, it is invahnhle

SALE- bushel, f.o. -- ---
FOR Whipporwill pees per Do You Raise Fruit
., $2.00; Conch peas(limited quantity), per to all \\ho wish to keep up with the OKND US 10 CENTS, to pay
pound post paid, 2oc; Chufa seed, per pound ONE *3 postage and the names and addresses -
post paid, 35c; per peck, f. o. b., $1.50; pearl times and learn of the great International of five lady friends that you Trees (
millet, per pound, post paid 350; four pounds, think would like sample copies of or only keep
'1.2S; ten pounds f. o. b.. $2.00. Send cash with "The HoiiKehoM 1'ilot"and we
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM Keuka Fla. Enterprise.It rr '''1 '
will mail it to you one year FKKK ... -,.):;
_2-4-tf of cost. A large 8 page, 40 column. I
will be semi
published monthly Illustrated Household' and Farm :
LECONTEI.2. 3and 4-YEAR.OLD,KIUF- ft.1
FOR YEAR Journal one ol the best in existence
TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE, MON- early in the fall, making eighteen Now in its 13th \ear. Devoted to
26 tf .hortand interesting Stories, Fancy
copies for present year. Price, $4. Work.Fashions, Horticultural, Agn
SALE-One second hand WashinRtoDHand ; .cultural and everything .to
Press for sale cheap at this office. the whole family. Large CASH
cents a Subscriptions
Writ for nartirnlnrPRINTING postpaid; 25 copy. t'RIZES sriven away Address,
FREE! Pilot Publishing Co.
taken at this office, where the New Haven Ct. I

OFFICE paper can be seen, or send 25 cents This Tree WAS Sprsjed. This Tree WM i HOT Sprayr-

for sample copy to There's a difference-in satisfaction,and in ca .

A SCHOOL The"let alone! theory is played out. Ins..

FOR SA E. J. B. CAMPBELL, enemies are so numerous that the Fruit Grower

small must fight or fail. The Spr
(large or )
for the active duties of life,
Editor and Publisher Fitting young men
"I have had placed in hands It will be as comma
my Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia and Pump is his weapon. yet
and offer for sale a 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills. endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce. Council, as the plow. When spraying gets to bebusine
and prominent citizens of the city: where located. is
for the business desirab
then the best
For catalogue,circulars and testimonials,address pump
ITDIItplete Printing D Office, J. G. DUNS OKJt. President Staunton. Va. That inquiry brings one to Goulds Douh'
"The World's Columbian Ex osilionIllustrated" Acting Spray Pumps. They excel all oth;;:

ON EASY TERMS. in effectiveness of work. Made in every
CYLINDER PRESS, TWO Jon PRESSES quisite form, to save bushes, vines, or plants; a

AND FULL OUTLAY OF TYPE. FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER for one or would exchange for bearing grove; and pay I yard, field, or garden. Get a circular and full'
cash difference of nch Pine Hammock
Forty acres
information this timely subject
on ,
land. Thirty.acre cleared, together with
Further information on application to year, mailed to any address, for $5. plank causeway yt mile Ion with dock and ; THE GOULDS MFG. CO.
ferry J mile from GrahamvilJe, on Ocklawaha .

Chas. W. DaCosta C. W. DACOSTA, River;4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA. Mfrs.of Pumps& Hydraulic Machine ,


JACKSONVILLE. FLA. ER AND FRUIT-GROWKF Reddlnx. Conn. Warerooms, 16 Murray Street, N. Y256 .


-,- -
) .


\ .
II .

IIi i -




$35 Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
Pianos and Direct to Your Homes.
in Organs
Jour horn
it before I From REV.JAS. M. POTTS,D. D.,editor of Michigan -
pa ::1i1r for Christian Advocate, DetroitMich.: "To say that
with the Piano does
we are delighted not express
Addreti' the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instruments
EAST COAST LINES The T.Swo el" & Son Pianos & Organs II are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as
BEAVER FALLS PA this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred."

Extending Southeast, South and South- From PKOF. E. H. PECK, Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with
the'casing or tone; quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ."
west from Jacksonville, cover over one From B. D. GRIGGS, Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is .
and all you claim it to be."
thousand miles of
tropical country, From Y. M. C. A., per J. G. COOLEY, Hillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. v
reach all prominent winter and summer livery one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same."
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot, Ark.: "My. family is well pleased in every respect wits the
pleasure resorts of Florida: rgan. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder."

The East Coast,

The Great Lake Region, INGflUTFITSPERFECTIONLe.t. -THE-

The Phosphate Fields S l.rleowpwvr.z .&h4turrpr.a ,rar1'rNreW2.-d Florida! [ITentral[ & peninsular
..ftlfklrA Punip< tlr the liquid kutomaiumHjr ana will spray IOO Tr-e*IVr Hour.
t'e make the Little Gem sad UarOeld Knupaaek Sprayer and the VerraervL.sue
The Pineapple Fields, tpray nozzle, most vcoa-mical uprmy n ztl.in the worlJ. A lao a Horm Power Sprayer at l luw pric RAILROAD I CO.
lre.rll Sulphur of Copper. Parti fJreru and l< n<1nn Purple.t wholmal price. Catalocue hve.Wrii
..idreu eouaty.F1EL11 FORCE PUMP CO.196 BrletolAve.LOWPORTN.Y.
The Trunk i
The Orange GrovesAND Florida 'billS

The Fruit and Vegetable

Sections. GROCERS AND COMMISSION' IERCllANTS In addition TO to Its Ions-established connections -
l 1 with the North by

River Junction Live Oak Cnllnlinn,Jack
tunvllle and. FertmiHlliiu
lias this season reopened

TUL Coal, Hay, Grain, \Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. fi)| ffcomisvilli tad jyiooticella Route.In .

connection with the S., F. & W. R. IL;the
Lioe JACI SONVILLE I: LA. AI"haml\lhlhtntlantJ the 1..& N.and the lines
The Tropict1Trllllk --- leading.. from Chicago. St. Louis, Kansas City
and the Nprtb and West.
Cars from Cincinnati to

These lines are equipped with the latest: Parker...................................sl 75 I J. Martin Kyc .............._........1'1':1' 00 Through Jacksonville and Tampa.Fait .
modern appliances for the Orange Valley................... ........ 2 00 Virginia Glades.............. ......... 4 00
Improved S..rlng'.alle)....... ..................... :2 50 Old Jtourlioii .............'.............. 5 OO Schedule, 1-""""". Xtrrjtrr all; Mod-
safety and comfort of passengers North Carolina Corn; ......... ......... 2 50 I Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ 5 00 ern Itutlway l"'lru.tlllt
Clifton Club; ............ .......... .... Old Baker .... ............... ......... 5 00
Our patrons call them the Montrose Velvet................. 1 8600 The Florida Central i PeninsiIIarO.Is .

Jugs Extra : One gallon, 25C.; two gallon, 500.; three gallon, 75<'. Remit by post office money the greatest artery of travel through the
FINEST IN FLORIDA. order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry tc wns. Bneat parts of Florida traversing twenty-four
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free ou application. counties-G ml silence tie raon, Duvnl Aluchua
Lake Leon. Suwannee. Nassau: 1.c'.y.Omuce,
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., JOHN CLARK, SON & CO. llilll>oroiiirh, U'akulla, Columbia Clay,
---. Marion I'oTk, Manatee Madison, linker. llrnd-
T. & JV VJ. W.: ford, Sumter, Ilcrimndoand DeSoto-in their
1892. For Over Tears richest |>ortioii. It runs through the Middle
8:30: a.m. daily, except Sunday; 12:30: p.m. : Thirty .Klorula Ituglon of Hill Country where lira

daily; 4:20 run. daily, cxcont Sunday ; : we i have always had very pleasant dealings together, the the tine oldFarnttup
8:00 dally except Sunday. public and myself, and 1 again have the pleasure of Lands and the hero Tobacco
: p.m. RY presenting to them my Annual Vegetable and Farms

Arrive 7:30 a.m., 8:00: ajn., 12:55 p.m., = immense Flower Seed variety Catalogue.of seed with It such contain new!kinds the added usual (reached by no other line), some of them con

7:40: ,as ha ve proved to be real acquisitions. Raising many ducted on a larjre, scale. Here are Quincy,
p.rn.Trains of these varieties,myself, on my four seed farms, Tallahassee (the capital), Monticelio. Mn li.+ nand
and testing others, I am able to warrant their freshness other towns, frurn whose com fort;ulilo,
Leave Jacksonville via East \ and purity under such reasonable conditions arf con- ample dwellings. reposing In a fertile country :
tamed in my Catalogue. Having been their original introducer Is coming a renewal energy to employthe
Coast Lines : N r ,J t am headquarters for choice Cory Corn M tiler Melon. resources lavished: about them. StretchIng -
Eclipse Beet. Hubbard Squash. Deep Hrad All Seasons and
8:25 a.m. daily, 1:00 p.m. daily, except Warren Cabbage Etc. Ftc. Cataloirue: .''n KE: to all. down throughThe
1892. J. J. n. OKfOUAT A SON, Murbleheud, Mai*. I'tarh Country
Sunday; 4:0o: p.m. daily.
of Baker Bradford Alachua and Levy conn-

I Arrive i 0:30 a.m.,12:25 p.m., 5:40:: p.m. ties through the prosperous .
NURSERIES OF THE Strawberry Farms

INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE of Lawtey. Starke and Waldo perhaps> superior
S TITUSVILLE In profit to the orange gro.e-I goes
Milwaukee-Florida Orange. Co. through tno heart of the State, penetratingsome
t of the finest groves one haring
For Melbourne daily, except Sunday, Selected.strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Treefe a Specially J-'ull-beitrlnu Trees
7OUUO Urniiy
3:00 a.m., 3:45: {1.m.; Rockledge, ;9:00 a.iiL, Budding-Wood for sale.at all limes. for mile between them-
passing nearly n
(; 7:00 p.m. Arrive Melbourne, 1:00: p.m., ur ttcti Is belle ndcomrlete.) PROMPT ATltM-iON TO COHnEMPO .I'': CE. Foi making its way southward to the Gulf and to
12 midnight Returning,leave Melbourne the more tropical' |portions of the State In
Catalogue and Price-List, add ens! ,
1:20: p in., 12:30 a.m.; Rock let Ige 4:50: pjn., all portions of the Stale It reaches points of
\ A. L. DUNCAN Manager Dunedin Fla. Scenic Jntcrmt.Wafculla .
8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00 p.m., ,
12 noon. )) Springs In the West the 8 u wan-
nee lllver as beautiful and romantic as it is
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, except K.T. PAIN$. OVKKTON PAINE. famous. liver Snrings' In the lake region

:Sunday, 8:30: a.mn arrive Jupiter fol- THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY and the lakes of rolling thernseh.es.Yltb land Interspersed their with surroundings -

t s; lowkig day 3:30 a.m. Returning, leave pleasant homes In green groves sloping downto
Jupiter daily\ except' Sunday, 9:30): Lm. I JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. the clear lake fronts. Dy means of this

\ j Arriva Rockledge following day,3:30 a.m. Office> 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. C. A P. R. R., road you 1'"IIf'can most readily Fishing reach Grounds.the
'I fat.John Kwer, East Jacksonville.
! Steamer ST. AUGUSTINE Leaves The settler will find on the line of this roada
. Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. greater opportunity for a varied selectionof
ORMOND land than on any other road In the State
and of all kinds of Cnemicals. from lightest soils to those underlaid with
Wholesale dealers in Importers Agricultural
's S:00: a.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays clay and marl and of richest hammock-
and I Send us your name and we will mall you from time ti time much general Information whether for regular mixed farming stock or
for Rockledge, way landings. regarding Muccessiul orange and veeetahl! culture In Florida. dairy farming, peach or strawberry culture,
I .. Returning, leaves Rockledpe 8:00: a.m. orange groves and vegetable, gardens.
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.Connections The tourist will be gratified with its scenery.
The health-seeker on Its ample route can find
are made at Jupiter with New "Planet Jr. Tool8& some spot| adapted to his wants. On the hard
4 clay roads of Middle Florida the horseman
trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all points will ride with speed and satisfaction and the
\ Florida Central and Peninsular is theSportsman's
on Lake !1
Among other things TWO NEW GARDEN DRILLS. OnesowseitherIN Jtotite
For schedules maps etc., call on local Passengers from Northern connections
I the other in addition, I having tickets over the Florida Centraland
agents, or address the General Passenger ABOVE OR BELOW THE SEED. Peninsular! to points In South Florida

/ ...:. Agent. j jB. Great improvements too in "PLANET JR." COMBINED SEED DRILL AND have the over privilege the> Company of l>eing taken line and Into alloweda Jacksonville -

l n. CATTLE, w. L. CRAWFORD. WHEEL HOE, In the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL HOES and marked stop-over within the going limits of the

General. Manager, Supt. East Coast Line, changes in HORSE HOES AND CULTIVATORS. ticket, with return to their route for destination -
free of extra charge. Send for map of
s J., T. & K. W. System. St. Augustine, Pl& ,II The fine NEW TOOLS offered in 1591 are made still more attractive for 1892. Florida mulled fr'e.

I G. u. ACKKKI.V. 'I SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOCUE and full description of all the A. O. AODOxT.LJ. Jacksonville.o.P. A.,.Fla.

I General Passenger Agent e goods as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. N.5.PENNINOTOX. )Ianagcr.J .

:, J ok onvlU.,Ha. I i 8. L. ALLEN & CO., HOT Market St., Philadelphia, Pat ), K. K.A.X*TELL OIUlnJ..l1I.nap1'I

,. ; .
-. : ",':"._, !t#"..JJr" .
':, tS : < < '...


--- --

Th e :I3 eue'sriew Mining: C om.p axi.y's Greetin.: .

To the Orange Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida:

We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheap t. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crop .


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, SO,to 80 pe
cent, becomes gradually available. Experts certify to its having a value as plant food, green as it comes from the mine, of over $25 per ton as compared with com-
mercial acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as follows:

Insoluble Silicate! and Sand.u u.. .....18.76 1 Phosphoric Acid.....u..u....... 27.63 Oxide;of Iron I Magnesia and Soda 6.59
Carbonate .?... 4-561! Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime .... ....60'70 I| Aluminum ., .. 2.071 I MOIsture......-. 6.55
He says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is perfectly -
burnt and pulverized in fine powder.
Serge 3Ialy van says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained .
in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview.
The Belleview Soft Phosphate is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries. and for cotton ahd corn it has no eijual.
The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is absolutely essential as plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof
buying plant food at BO little cost per ton.
More About Soft Phosphate.The rowed this in. I did not measure the yield onlyin 'I I gives them their dark green color? Certainly cation have just commenced: to start up. Mr. Me
following in regard to soft phosphate' is I my.cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn nothing the soil,as it is poor pine land. Neitheris Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller of San
taken from \he Gainesville: from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on it good cultivation. Chemistry teaches that Mateo,visited my grove a few days since and ex-
That soft phosphate rapidly gaining favor it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn I orange trees! require potash, phosphoric!' acid and pressed himself as being very much astonishedat
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is noon did not dry up any for want of rain as the rest of lime. and the pine lands of Florida require humus. the growth of the trees where the soft phos
of doubt.: Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly the crop did. lam well pleased and will use it In muck and phosphate we have all but the I phate had been applied Ifyou will remember
speak of it in the most compliment. this year on all my crops." potash. This added gives us a perfect fertilizer the first shipment of Phosphate was made less
ary terms Mr. George Saxon writing from and yet there are men who tell u* that it will not than sixty days since, and until the last few days
Tallahassee, says: I (do, that the raw materials must be manipulatedby we have had very little rain.
The solt phosphate referred to in the granulated Soft l'ho! IJhntf' the chemist, and refined product fed to our I am fully convinced that one ton of the ,Belle
article, containing the elements of ground bone Mr Sutton, one of our Alliance ex-editors, trees. What nonsense! I don't believe any such view Soft Phosphate has greater value as a plant
and SO per cent phosphate'of lime (bone phos- I' writes as follows to the Florida Agriculturist on a laws entered into the Divine plan of Nature."- food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever
phate)crude as it comes from the mine. This matter of much interest to our farmers: ( Phosphate Field. been brought intq.the.State,and.I would warmly
soft phosphate was put upon cotton last year I "Now Mr. Editor I am the same crank still, Mr. button has since ordered thirty-five tons to recommend its use to the orange growers in the
alongside of cot ton seed as fertilizers and the result only more HO, on the subject of muck, soft phosphate put on his groves adjoining Welshtou. State. Yours truly,
wa fully or more than double, in yield of and home-made fertilizers, and like the D. GREE.VLEAK.
cotton over the cotton seed, while it gave four fellow who killed the rattle snake. I have the
times the yield over the same land without any rattles show. My trees are looking. better according JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 11, IS9I.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore, of Leesburg looked to age than adjacent groves upon which C. B. SMITH. President Belleview Phosphate! Co., CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec. 21, IS9I.
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that' commercial fertilizers nave been ust'd.Iuck, Jacksonville, Florida: I C. B. Smith Pr/sident Belleview Mining Com
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft lime, soft phosphate stable manure and potash DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for pany: .
phosphate had three time more fruit on it than I will do me to mae a grove with, and I don't two more cars of Soft 1'hosphate. I have used DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this I think I will come in behind in the race with the seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have me pleasure to state that I have used nothing'but
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. noticed with much interest its effect on my orange the Belleview: Soft Phosphate on my grove the
above, but I am free to admit that he-is a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubility tree The first car load I applied to somethingover past year, and I have been more than satisfied
fudge of such matters than I am." of soft phosphate would have these doubts re- five hundred trees, and the results have been with the results. The trees are looking as well
J. T. Smith writing from Levy county,says: "I moved by visiting a small grove in Welshton simply man-clous. The adjoining five hundred as they have ever looked-e"en when I used ex
put soft'phosphate on sixteen row of corn last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing and the difference pensive fertilizers. Many persons have.heard of.
spring about a four acre field of corn,on about an I years than phosphate. It has not had any cultivation -I between the two fields is something wonderful.On my experiment, and you phosphate has advanced
average quality of the land. I broadcasted the this sell son.and yet it is holding its own one side every tree has started with a vigorous in their estimation.
soft phosphate over the land, after breaking it up with well-worked and fertilized groves If not growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seenin Very truly yours
well, at about two tons per acre. Then I hare soluble, what makes these trees grow; what a grove. The trees which received no appli- REV. P. R. HOLMAN.

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

Per tons urndried, lX1 B"t.1J.JJ:, ". .. .. >3c5.00
X- torn DrIed, 1.1 :I3'-1J.1.:. a .. S 3.OO
Per ton, :I3'-1rX1t, Ground rand: SaoJJed: 8 OO .
Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less' than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to
C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.



-A SURE CURE more-

Leaves St. Augustine daily at 8:10: a. m.; Jacksonville,
9:50 a.m.arrh'cs; Macon,3i5.; Atlanta,10:40: p.m.; l\a1 De Qom .

Chattanooga, 4:00: a.m.; Cincinnati, 5:50 p. m.

= NO EXTRA FARES. = ...__
All Passenger TraIns
of this arrive
Srstem. Be sure Your Tickets read by East Tennessee
at and depart from .

Union Depot,Atlanta. and Queen and Crescent Lines. ..:..
-P.M. JOLLY, District Passenger Agent, Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA. ,

B. W. WRENN, General. Passenger Agent, KNOXVILLE, TENN.
-- w -- -
President. Vice-President.

By Buying the :FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

CAPITAL $100,000.



Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the

Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida.

Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. .: .

O. Bi: WEEKS, State Agent. .'. .

DIRECTORS I No. 8 Bostwick"-lock.

John L. Marvin: A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and tostirapniatg, ., .. sent. free
Jas.'P. Tallaferro,. .... T. W.Roby. Judge R. B..Archibald.W. .
W. Bciarkson.; C..'B. Rogers. .. ,M. Davidson, upon application. ; '
Dr.' H..Roblri. 'n. John E. Hartrldgo.a orvEj Viii A. 'L'I7tLA.Lv.

\ .
-'- -




: ".:






. The magnificent Steamships: of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both ways : .

From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Friday, Mar. 25th at 3 r. M......." SEMINOLE, "......Sunday, Apr 3rd, at 9:30: A. M
"Monday, Mar. asm, at 3 1'. K...... "IROQUOIS" ..... Tuesday. Apr. 5th, at 11:30.1.. M
Wednesday Mar. 30th, at 3 r. M...... "YEMASSEK." ......Thursday, Apr. 7th at 1:00 p. M
Friday, Apr. 1st, at 3 P. )(...... ALGONQUIN," ......Sunday, Apr. loth, at 2:30: p. M
Monday, Apr. 4th, at 3 P. K .... "CHEROKEE," .....Tuesday, Apr. i2th, at 4:30 A. M
Wednesday Apr. 6th, at 3 P. M..... "SEMINOLE, .....Thursday, Apr. 14th, at 5:30: A. M .
Friday, Apr. 8th, at 3 P. s........ "IROQUOIS,". ......Sunday, Apr. 17th, at 7:30 A. M a.r
Monday, Apr. nth at 3 P. K...... "YEMASSEE". .....Tuesday Apr. 19th, at 10:00: A. M
Wednesday Apr. 13th, at 3 P. M.... .. "ALGONQUIN," .....Thursday, Apr. 21st, at 11:30 A. M
Prida)'. Apr. isth, at 3 P. M...... "CHEROKEE," ...Sunday, Apr. 24th at 2:30: p. M st'.steamer
Monday Apr. i8th, at 3 P.K..SEMINOLH..ruesd y. Apr. 26th, at 4:30: A. M
Wednesday, Apr. aoth, at 3 P. M........ "IROQUOIS.". .....Thursday, Apr. 28th, at 5:30: A. u:
Friday, Apr. lid, at 3 P. U. YEMAS6EE,". ......Sunday, May 1st, at 8:00: A. M
Monday Apr. 25th at 3 P. K...... "ALGONQUIN." .....Tuesday.. May 3d, at 10:30: A. MWednesday
Apr. 27th, at 3 P. M.CHEROKEE,." .....Thursday, May 5th, at JJoo: N'J
Friday Apr. 29th, at 3 P. M."SEMINOLE, : Jolxrx: G. Cl1ristopher


Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on Thursdays, March 24, April 7 and April 21. Fridays, April 1, April 15 and April 29.
Thiit steamship hag been built especially for carrying Fruit and Vegetables, and if
St. Johns River.The perfectly rent il

Agent, Jacksonville. Agent, New York.Gen'l Man'r,Jacksonville
Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers Pier 49, East River. .



"FRED'K DeBARY;" ,. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and .

I between Boston and Savannah hours.
65 to
CAPT. T. W. LUND, JR., I 70

Are appointed to Mill from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday at 3:30: p. m., and from Sanford
daily except Sunday at 9 a. m.. OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.

Leave.. 3:30: p. u.Jacksonville.....Arrive 11:45 P. x: ..
8:00: p. M. 7:00 p. M PEaaa: e Ro.te: t
1.30 A. M:.......................... ...Astor.................................. 2:00: P. M:
.. 2=-4.1.. M.........., ...............St. Francis............................... II 19-45= P. M: Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion $43-y
." 5:00: A. M................... ..... ....Beresford............................... :: 11:45 A. v Steerage, $12.50.
6:00: A. M...........................Blue Springs.Arrive .............................. 11:00: A. M:
8:00: A. M:.............,................Sanford........................ ...... 9:00: A. M Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00;; Excursion, $47.30; Steerage, $14.25 .
.. 9:15: A. M:... ........................Enterprise............................. II 9:30: A. U: The: magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows :

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.

F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Pla [Central or 900 Meridian Time.]
W. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, New York.J. City of Augusta..... ........... ........... ............. ...........Friday, April ist 8.30 a..
O. PELOT,T. and C. Agent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville, Fla. Tallahassee.................................. ........... ............Saturday, April ad, 9.30 a.m
A. G. WATSON Freight Agent, foot of Hogan Street Jacksonville, Fla. Kanaaa City..........................................................Monday, April 4th 11.30'a.aa
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla. Chattahoochee ........................ ..........................Wednesday,April 6th, i.oo a..
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. Nacoochee................... ... ......................................Friday,April 8th, 3.30 p.a
MARS II ALL*11. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York. City of Birmingham ..................... ... ........... ..........Saturday, April 9th 4.00 p.m
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.WM. City of Augusta.... ................................................. Monday, April nth, 5.00 p.m
Tallahassee .......................................................Wednesday, April 13th, 6.00 a.m
P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents Kansas City...........................................................Friday, April 15th. 7.00 a.m
Chattahoochee ................................................... Saturday April i6th, 7.30 p.im
South Wharves Nacoochee..... ......................................................Monday, April i8th, 9.00 p.m
12 Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York. City of Birmingham............................................Wednesday,April aoth, xt.oop.at
City of Augusta'................................... .......... ..... ....Friday April 72d, a.top.ai
Tallahassee......................................................... ..Saturday, April 23d, 3.00 p.m
YOUR FRUIT TREES Kansas City........................................................ Monday April 2Sth. 4.30 p.m
I VINES Chattahoochee...........................:....................... Wednesday, April aTth .JO a.m
of Appl..P..... Nacoochee................................................... ...........Friday April 29th. 7.30 a.ta
.. SPRAY ,BUd P1umOuetWaprftftMdbaaiDc EXCELSIOR OUTFIT 8PRAYIN< City of Birmingham........................ ............... ....... Saturday, April 30th, 8.00 a.n

toTnuts. mailed ass. se.toclt of Fralt
\ &DMOU*at 1lettem Price Addreaa J WM.8TA11L,Tree Qa.bt07.1J11.pine i iEST.A.BLISl.1EO City of Macon ........................ .................... ......Thursday,April 7th 2.30 p.m
Gate City........................... .................................Thursday, April I4th, 6.30 p.m
City of Macon. .......................................................Thursday,April 21st, 13.30 p.m
175. Gate City..................:-....II...................................Thursday, April aSth, 6.30 p.m

t WILLI.: : : : A.u. : .4.. :E3CCFl.Ei. ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers) .

Dessoug.Deasoug................................................... ...............Saturday April ad,9.00 a.m
WHOLESALE ............................................................... .Tuesday,April lath, 5.30 p.m
Dessoug. ............................. ....................... .........:...Friday.April aad, 1.30p.m

t Grain, Garden Seeds fertilizers THESE PALACE STEAMERS,

i Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
20 BEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLAI Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest via
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
77 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street JacksonviQ.
Hay Corn Oats Flour BranWheat Grits Meat New Pier No.35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building,Savannah. Ga.
RICHARDSON 8t: BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
L. TAMES Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. >. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sar., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 361 Broadway.N. Y.
O.M. SORREL, Manager. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Tray.Agt.,Jackaonvllle. rfc.
For Tickets apply to S., F. &W. Railway office.


J. E. Tygert NITRATE SODA, SO pens and ink? If so, send to DaCosta Pn t- ?ALE SICKL
Star Brand Fertilizers and Publishing House Jacksonville. Pla

aQA.nrEttD.xALisls.Oomprlslnc MURIATE SULPHATE OF POTASH POTASH, WELL U P Pll fs. ::: ::,:,':: LOOKING [HllDBlN

Orange Tree end VegetableFERTILIZER. .. ,.iJclt',.E.ol.pflsNa Si1** t SPASMS Th.b..trm are dTfortkUJi mat 111.1' the tros13M..IAnW wtih
American Works.AurortU.
H l3S.CAVALSr..CHICAGO.ILL.I l ..... Beec-.eanta.M&84n9.erfaU..O .
TheM Fertlllxtn bar no cnptrior in the market and a trial will eonTinet. BI.ll SnuT,DALLAS TEXAS f Urty that tv tAi u+u.,..a.,A.u.....oIca.cMABCII .





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.: : _- aFEjTllIZERS. .. gjiBfUEBaSuBBaeMU -

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Blood. and Bone, Chicago Bone Meal, '

"," Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,
.,- Pure Fine Ground Bone, if .

:'+I' Animal Bone and Potash, j j: Tobacco Stems,

C.: r' Blood, Bone and Potash, J' Canada Hardwood Ashes,

Pulverized Animal Bone, S1.l.luhate> of Potash, &c._

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F"r'1.1i-t an.d "' Tii"e, JBearin..g: Pree :'.

.l C>J-aD.ge: rrr1.ee F"'ooc1., TiTO'ULn.S" : IJ'rees.Vegeta .:; "'' .

1e an.d.: :J? o"'tato rovver.t. p

GEO. "WlXiSOlSr, 50 west Bay Street, Jacksonville: Fla.


As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export. good quality and
land oranges in good condition in the foreign markets. '
Messrs. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest, best and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of the Liverpool market, that the demand is npw so large that 5,000
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival. -
As one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge of the carrying ability of steamers enables '
me to select the best to ship by. -
Representing the best firms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send through me.
In order to export oranges, shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward, I will have the same placed on the
.best and fastest steamer,and send a Bill of Lading as evidence shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New York
fi m the owner may designate, or sell it myself at auction. .
The best steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool, so that a cable report of sales is received in New York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about thea
the hands of the shippers.
"..' Please note the following facts : .
Large sizes of oranges;112's-126's, bring as much as 150's and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay.
..Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New 'York later than December.
1st There is no demand after the holidays until March 1st. .:
Advances of 75c. per box on your fruit will be made to such, shippers as need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached.< .
Further particulars and stencils will b.e furnished by .
E. L. GOODSEtL, No. 103 Park Place, .

,: "No.li: Pliilpot Lane, London, Ellg. ..

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.. ," Bowker's t


.. J"egetabieGrowe'-to .

Uniform good:\ results In every reflect """" *r -j
"i the very best hi Fertilizer I ever
used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oaks
: to U1 Groves, Manatee, Fla. .

.. le 60 to 90 days,

I I I II y' and, as a rule, do best on a manure that =

is available and about ready to nourish.

Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,
EER\PlliIZERS\ ? i
made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

. I is composed of chemicals especially adapted to
ABSOLUTELY THE BEST. Quality Ktrer Yarles. 29! years'actual test In the Field proves them to.TjeKieqialled '
which feed this class of
for raising large crops. The purity of the component materials and Unscientific: ac- vegetables, crops in a
eracywith: which they are combined make Bradley Fertilizers the most perfect well as the most manner to produce a healthy growth which with
economical plant-food the orange or vegetable grower can use. Send for beautifully illustratedBRADLEY
pwrphlet. stands disease and matures early. For sound,

FERTILIZER CO., 27 Kilby St, Boston { ;AuGUSTAsGA: : : I the delicious BOWRER vegetables Fertilizers.of good shipping quality, use

Saw and CrUt Mill.4 B.P.and .
FARMERS largf'r. Catalogue free.lULLCO.ltUita.6s.. Send for Illustrated Catalogue Free. d
eL01CB> ,
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253 Bushels of Corn Per Acre FERTILIZER A. M. BONO CENT. AGENT
I was made with our RIVAL CORN by Mr. Drake COMPANY. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.n \.
of Marlborough County S. C. We have im-
PIANOS. proved our corn 24 years. We guarantee it to t
make one-fourth more than anycorn in America.
Shells pound of corn per ear.' Pure white-flint
UNEQUALLED IN grains nearly an inch long. Matures in zoo days.
,We want a good man in each section to sell it
Touch this spring. We pay well. Good samples and -- --
Tone WorkmanshipDurability -
plenty printed matter with your address 25 cts. I 4 i.. -.I'
Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. I I we give$100.00 in premiums this year. Writeat THOJIASp.SIIIPSOKWashington EPAIR your old family Bibles; make them*
K.w York, 118 Fifth Ave. < once. Address FARMER'S SEED CO., PATENTS I D.C. No*"7's tee until Patent obtain -J I \ good as new. DaCOsf Printing. and ht
Waahin=ton, 817 Market Space. a-iS-eow-4* Orangeburg,S C. *!. Writ for InTentor's Quid lishing House,Jacksonrille. .

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