Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
March 3, 1892
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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Full Text

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.. CONSOLIDATED JANUARY v 1889. ... ".


JACKSONVILLE FLA. MARCH 3 1892. Whole 1204
Proprietors." o. Yol. IY, No.9.




; !t -S- W
*: Has proved to be the earliest and finest grape in Florida,being fully two weeks earlier than Niagara. .c :::
'57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. All the White Diamond grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shipped enf.J
sales direct by the Diamond White Grape Company; of Rochester N. Y. They are guaranteed to be
Price Catalogues of weekly furnishedon strong,healthy two-year-old vines and our prices for the same are as follows: :
FOR CASH, $22 PER 100 or$20O PER 1,000. *



BROS., for price list and descriptive pamphlet,giving terms for vineyard planting on time. Ad- en CC
BARNETT AGENTS dress E. DUBOIS BOX 182, Tallahassee. Fla.. General Agent Diamond White O -.
Grape Company for Florida and Georgia.
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGK Also full stock of Niagara. Delaware, Ives,Cynthiana, Norton,Chassellas, Black Hamburg and oQ =
all other leading and new varieties of grape vines, native and foreign. C7Qen
Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Vegetables. = ..

,t"rOmpt'retun:1.l.1" : Stencil..; Muth on"application",,t,., t t.rhiCOAIr f
NEW PRICES And Building Material.

G. S. PALMER We now have in stock an extra fine lot of'crop of 1891 beans at following prices: I
166 Jleade Street,New York. .
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. Hastings'Excelsior Refugee......... $1.50 $ Improved en Wax................ 1.50 5.50
.Oranges Demons, Pineapples, and all other Improved Round Pod Refugee...;.. 1.25 BU'j Wardwell's Kidney Wax............. 1.50 5.50
Fruits and early truck also dried fruits,nuts, Improved Red Valentine........... 1.25 Flageolet Wax.........1 i.-....... i.6o, 5.75 FLA.,
furs.etc. Improved Extra Early Red Valentine, 1.40 5.00 I :
All consignments promptly remitted for. Sten-
cils and market reports furnished free. H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Interlachen, Fla.Our .
References: Bradstreets and established .mer-
chants and banks of the South. 4-page catalogue with revised price-list free on application.


Yew, Hare. and Elegant Plants of Every

Description' ; The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers. ,
Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. BOTH
Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for South-
lawns and Choice exotic
ern gardens. plantsfor
the,greenhouse or conservatory. No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel. No. 34-16-quart gift crate STEAM HORSE POWER.
ORANGE AND LEMON TREESin No. 42-4 one-half Bushel. I No. 36-32- "
all the leading varieties,budded from bearingtrees No. 56-2 It II NO.3032Standard crate.

on anteed our own true grounds to name.and guar- Send for catologues,prices and samples.

Fruits.All the Our New 88 page and Illustrated Desirable and Descriptive Tropical SOUTH SIDE MFG.: CO., Petersburg, Va. PIPE, PIPE FITTING, BRASS
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things and
is sent free to applicants. AddressR. .

Seven Oaks, Fla. R. M. BURROWS & CO., Write for Estimates.



4lJtTrade Jennings Nursery CJo., Thomas
I 6,i 4k 66 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, O. mile. .
STZ We are not connected in any way with any so-called Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling
prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited REFER.ESCEs-MercantUe National Bank ; Six days mrllei than
Mark. Wm. Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers; Childs Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad any variety te,trd at ibe
HOLLI8' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY streets'and R.G. Dun&Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer,"Cleveland. G GttA' at Agncuit'l(itae.a.Ex.N Y Ground Color
Will Make Hens Lay! greenish *bite pulp
Will Make Chickens Grow! tender/ ., weef The only and delicious.
Southernmost Florist Establishment in U S. W grape
AND GOOD FOB MOULTING FOWLS. i that ranks tint both in
earliness and quality.
This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully Ct @ tach vine sealed with
cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermeti- nxCtwwc our registered trademark -
cally sealed In 8-lb cans. Being ground fine,it z Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids Ferns, ,rCw.. ,. mc turu. r Information.label Agents Send wanted for
can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed t l Bamboos,Cactus Conifers Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole Adrew SIW>A a w>vr'a *ON3, New Canaan. Ct.
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Priet.3o 7 world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of ice. Clean,

.. eta per can; S3 per doz. Address HOLLIS \ 0 healthy stock. Low prices. jFENCINQWIRE
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North s'r.oaaop REASONER BROS., Oncco, Fla. pl
Boston,Mas [Mention paper.' SELVAfE.


i' Giant, Parry's,Japan Walnuts.Japan Golden : r
Kusset, Idaho and Keiffer Tears, KleajjnusLoncipes
Hardy Oranges and other valuable Ten acres devoted to testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million
;.novelties. Small Fruits, Grapes, etc. Fruit ((250,000))nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-92 is the most com-
Shade and Nut trees. Ornamental Shrubs,Vines prehensive we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address

p.. etc ''Illustrative. :* :.- -.Descriptive:. -_WILLIAM Catalogue' , G. L. TABERGlen; : St. Mary Fla. RABBIT tOt POULTRYPENCI
i* 8-3m l.a-r to Jersey. PralaltFaid. Z.ItLLUWQTU1rIKZmCZcO..CIIIC Q

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/01 --1 fi compouiuj! ( et discovered; f for. destroying the insects infesting the orange$! tree and 'is..a sovereio-n"re ed,

for,the.various;forms of {fungi on treks and! plant"} Being!? free.from all substances of a caustic corrosh\ e pr .poisonous) nature, it. can

beJi dlejL\fitliperfect safety to,thefpe r$oj/.j/ >f frj apDlieljtoie| < )trees at any stage (t.f p"roxtvithou't injury. 'r" ", '-'

This insecticide\ has been 'used.,by.some oLthe 1.larrestijranre: > rowers in, the, State. during the past two yearsrand; :has.. given'perfect

Satisfaction. References furnished! on applicatipnf ;. : I

FOR RUST MITE USE ONE':QUART TO FIFTY'GALLO ?OF WATER. :When this strength the trees'should be.sprayed

for the Rust Mite t twice; a month t through t the season. Where labor constitutes the prircipal item of expense in spravine:trees it t is better

and cheater !3 ifee'the fnsKticide\ at'fulKstre'neth/viz.:: Oh Tgallon of solution to 50 callous of water,,as the fumes from !the Insecticide

jll kijl 1 jh RujtjMitejejv t i n if the solution should'not'happen to touch them' In using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

three or four sprayings through{ the season the )v"reducinQ"- ; the cost from one-third to one-half. This is an Advantage Possessed by

uflier! P eparailou= ")f|; |plpliur) if used in this hlinner'it'will: al I!{ kill the other insects that may be moving the trees. '

1 il J FPK: :, S'ED; SHIDER'/** *and 5 CA LEI, se one gallon t to,fifty !gallons% of f water General directions for using sent t on application. ,.'

PRICE ?(Qc._PER GALLON in b riJis.If therehs no aitenti n.vnUr vicinity write for price delivered. ., ,;..

SPRAYING APPARA furnished to ourtcustomers'at.cost' 0 "'''0:;''
to ,'V.f. ,..., li., ., : : '
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1 1 : The Great' fast: ( .!,':'Express:'.. Fri1it '' Sistm 9 r'-'df the South.

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'..-. ",.:' The attention of Fhtfreni'1- : ; *.direct" the riart P. P. |tree t >twefn Fpvana.KfT"Wept Knd,Tf.zrra.and Prnih FTorJd JT lv] ,,y bftwffffTfnir1 end Fllnford.P..F.& W.R1'.bee
.l..,''tweeJackiionvl11e) GalneftvlJJe.) $atnbr dge. Fiver xtirjiUnd? 1-.a'sDnab. F8M' IJllfh >rdCl, ) >T'f' 1CD.,8r.dffn. 1urotbSJ I I.n e L IVMD.! t*..Ti rE -h.P) ilsdelfhla.Ponton and New
;' York'and, Merchant*and Miners Transportation Compary between i Havarnah and Faltlnif re The f f M equipped l&btCbt and zuctt. JtDJ lines tei een all points In Florldaandal)
'V '.polatsN9rth'and, NonhweetaRecetu. i..ana tbiir*ra wilt lJlont by the fo11t',.lngunparalleledcounecllons: 1 .H.-1,
: '. 1 ORTU..BOUTD.: -. ... . ... ., to' ,,1 I, .. ..... 80UTII} t1ND.
.. ."Doable dally fast freight: service for all points :West vla.A\baDy.JeS1pBalnbr'dle\ : and. Double dully faF t freight rervlce frrm ''lin rQl'nlF:Nrrlh and Wri via Albany.Balnbridfre,
Savanr.h, to ul1 points In Flprlda! ;fast freight trains both via OaIDelv1l1eJack-
Ially a freJcbt ftU frai JUronnertfrn via'te Atrl"DtlC"ro t'Lfnp't RJlYaFtt> .'Interior 'sonvIhe.i'ailahan and Lhe flaky i '
endM potntsW'kjclodln* New; ork,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four shIps a Week by the.f Pet Meamphlp!*of the Ocean 51..m..bfp Company,nailing) from
L.Fmvi c:'8..P frl. _jf, '. :New Yprk. iNew Pier>,'Is'ortb River,)direct for bavannah Monday,\Vednewlay,Friday and.
._1'onr? cpDneptlonR a week fOfpW"orkvla Ocean'sttsattlpConipMifiea 8jrvatm&Merrbant tnrdar.Dndayit
_;:! ;'WeddaYa. Friday/tand Safnrd y The Boston and Savannah' Stpam..hlp. Company's steamer! will leave Boston June. 4.1L
T: freoaa 'ettonxrrkrI dtlri14re.via *' and>Uners'TransoortaUoDCom-, and 25 for l Havannab direct making connection on the dock at Havannab with.faipaby2eavngriavannahevrr'TWidribPday
r r Qr t eight.traina for.Wpoints in Flnr1d.r /\. rte JPFrnm
an dSWrda f( ]j i f r T f f ,
.: .'Conneattonainr8ostgn' ..1a B au>a.nd tta\anhai. ;:Mka she Company. ,leaVing' Savanna : Philadelphia via. pcean btearnfblp: Co., leaving Philadelphia May119 and 29,
e'JDtie4lllgattiL'2&; : 'r-"' ""' \ r ; 4 f rl I 1 :J : r .r J beerytlvedayPmpirfgalarFellirgdaytviHTPwY; \ ] toH JI" nnRli..Conftf'eik1n '
; = \fit.Phhatlelphla jt e "ten, d '.Jib! OCianJttU1 Ip jofajany,1ea"Yl. f.Front Baltimore via JlerchnnU ana Blinera TransportaUon Co.. 'every Ttfesday and
.,. }June<*, li.aLml124_t l *./., \ : 'Friday1, making cloie connection wltb H.,N'..A W. Ky.for all points in Florida. I1ISa1l1Dt.A
: t.tot.tlte* *htplllu1J.JUbJed change\rltboutnoUce. '. .1.- .; .. .C "
j J5Jb[* toiids1Diti" jch'JJue f?* j* 'ft *V4 a pU of.tiles fO iue ctr. '' "I. WM.P.HARDEE,Gen'I} Freight Agent,Savannah,Ust .
6'AjV.E.,...... ;.TT b ct diinag.r- ?}{aia .h,Gar-f. 'r"* ..,!S.PAPY 9 ,Ant.Txjffc Manag ** 1 A J '
we. -"'JTP'Jtfil: >A)t,Tt Ye dlln '.- tliicy: % oJ. D'>iisYTOxTrav Agent; JacksonvilTe.4' i. J'-tI.atUBZ1S,AceDt,JackIODVUle.

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Gfrove]] and Orchard I corded in the orchards, that ice never well-developed branches are of more I take to investigate in your own
.. formed at the top of the Arlingtonhotel value than a number of times that neighborhood and find out what sorts
fifty feet from the ground, and many which are crowded together are giving the best results. Many of
The Roots that Should be Saved.A argued that if a current could be start without light or air. The removal of the high-priced novelties of to-day will
continual caution is kept before ed that would draw the cold air at the large healthy limbs should be avoidedas be wholly unknown five years hence.
planters to look out particularly for ground into an ascending current of far as possible. The injury is in .
an abundance of fibrous roots. It warm air, that the air higher up, and proportion to the amount of loss of ORANGE RUST-No. 4.
should not be forgotten that fibers are which is always warmer, would be leaf surface, and the size of the
only annual; they serve as feeders for drawn down to replace it. The thingto wound. The question whether to remove In this paper we shall give a list of
the year and at the end of the year do, then, is to have bonfires large a limb or not, can be answered the various remedies and preventives
die away just as leaves do. Among enough to start the circulation. He affirmatively only when the benefits [ that have been used, both those which
these fibers a very small proportion claims that he practically saved his expected from pruning are larger i have been successful and those which

become permanent roots. It shouldbe entire crop on his eighty-acre Navel than the necessary injury. Knife have been proven worthless.

a much greater care to have plants orange orchard by this means, at a and thumb are better pruning tools ASHES.
with an abundance of two or three cost insignificant as compared with its than saw and ax. Every blow of the Finely sifted hardwood ashes dusted

year old roots, which are young, ,active value. He proposes to prepare himself ax or push of the saw in the removal ,Ion the leaves produced no effect whatever -
and vigorous, than mere fibers. If for any future contingency by removing of large limbs is a threat at the tree's !j I upon the mites, and did not seem
this is understood, all right; but very certain trees in his orchard life and vitality. By lessening the 'i i to discommode them in the least.
often the very worst thing a tree can where he can, if occasion again re leafs surface "we lessen the digestive LIME.
have is too many fibers. When overabundant quires, build fires of the prunings apparatus, and consequently the ab- .
I This tried both dust
they prevent the earth from saved for the purpose. If he is correct sorption of food. was as a
the leaves and the
getting near the active roots, and as in the opinion that by this meas- In transplanting nursery.growntrees I I sprinkled over i'
mites also in the form of solution
the} die away before the season is ure he raised the temperature from 4 in orchard, we should cut back I a ,
of lime dissolvedin
over: they make a vacuum which is of to 10 degrees and thus saved thousands, the tops to make them correspondwith one pint strong stone- ,
no value whatever to the plant. The of dollars' worth of his fruit, there is the size of the roots. Such trees a quart of water. The mites con
tinued undisturbed under the
earth should be packed in tight around ground for accepting his theory as the often have very little root. The best eating
ol lime dust and
the energetic roots, and not merely correct one.Ve know of orchards: time for pruning trees in orchard is coating propagatingwent
before. When the turbid
around the small fibers. In regard to where the tar-pots were used faithfullywith soon after the leaves have fallen. on as
solution of lime showered
the evergreen trees, it is a common little apparent result. It is gen Pruning in spring involves a greater was over
them the thin film of lime which driedon
thing to have transplanted hemlock erally admitted that orchards in pro check to the trees, and pruning after
them made them restless and
spruces, Norway spruces and other cess of igation or any recently irrigated growth has commenced is still more they
left the leaves in two days but none
similar plants with a very large mass escaped much better than those injurious. killed. ,
of fibers, die. The reason is the one in want ol water. Certainly if the:: were
we have already given, that so densea period of cold id i short the presence ol Pear B1lg ht. PYRETHRUM.
masc prevents the earth from getting water in the furrows must be an ad I will give my experience with pear Sprinkled over them in fine powder
around the real roots, that should be vantage. Experience has shown that blight for the benefit of the readers of I I this insecticide caused the free
properly so called. It may be again both foliage and fruit in an orchard in the Stockman, and especially the one I' mites to abandon the leaves in a few
impressed in a brief paragraph that fine condition will endure cold that this week who said it could not be I hours, but none seemed to be killed.

what is wanted is an abundance of two would seriously damage trees out of cured. Some years ago my father hada The molting mites and the eggs were

or three year old roots to a tree, and condition. As orchards have suffered standard Bartlett tree that commenced uninjured.
not mere annual fibers.-Meehan's this year which were supposed to be to blight in the top. I took POTASH.
Monthly.Fire in the frostless belt while others have water and copperas, about a table- I The potash used was a very strong
_______. ______ i
It- escaped which were supposed to be spoonful of copperas to a pail of water, article put up in one-pound balls and
and Water Against Frost. in danger whenever the temperaturewas : and snowered the tree and also put coated with resin. It was used in

There are growers in the valley who low, it will not do to ignore this some copperas in the crotch of the tree, i various solutions, from four pounds
have for years experimented faithfullywith subject, but instead we should study and let the rain dissolve it and run down down to three ounces dissolved in a
smudge fires as a preventive of how to meet unusual cold which: it the tree. It stopped the blight for that gallon of water. When used strong
frost, and we are of the opinion ..thatit now appears may come to any section. time, but in eight or nine years it commenced enough to kill all the mites it killed
has proved ineffective whenever the -Riverside Press. again and we, did the same, the leaves and many tender twigs; but
mercury was low enough to threaten .... and also put some on the ground and even then the eggs were not injured.
really serious damage. These tar. Lecture on Pruning. hoed it in. To day the tree is full of CARBOLIC ACID.

pots have had some effect, and in Prof. Taft, of the Michigan State I pears and growing nicely. I believeif This readily killed the free mites,
cases where the cold lasted for but an College Experiment Station, explainsthe every person who owns a pear tree but not those that were molting or the
hour or two in the morning, as is gen. purposes and methods of pruningfruit would use copperas as I did every eggs. This is more expensive than
erally the case, have no doubt been trees. No operation, he says, year or two there would be no more kerosene or sulphur and no better as
beneficial' in the more exposed local- I requires greater foresight than pruning.No trouble with pear blight. I would an insecticide; and as it is a dangerous
ities. Mr. Everest has given: more b.anch; shoald be removedfor like to know it any one has ever used substance to apply to vegetation its
systematic study to this question than whose removal we cannot this before and with what results.-C. use cannot be recommended.
any other citizen, and his experienceis give a good reason. The chief W. STEBBINS, in National Stockman.
valuable. He found in the recent reasons that justify pruning arei KEROSENE.
cold that the numerous smudge fires ([ ) the removal of the dead or dying A great deal of money-many thou Emulsions containing 66 per cent.
made use of were ineffective and branches; ((2)) thinning; ((3)) assistingthe sands, doubtless, in the aggregateis :; of kerosene and diluted ten times
had his men place in two long rows growth of one part by the re wasted every year in buying fancy with water-the strength usually em-
across his ranch piles of prunings and moval of another. The first is a varieties of fruits and worthless novel- ployed to kill scale insectsdestroythe

built large fires. His theory is that simple matter, and requires neither ties, says an exchange, instead of the I j rust mites but not their eggs. In
what is necessary is to create a currentof particular skill nor knowledge. Pruning old standard sorts of which we are i I all experiments made with kerosenefor
air at the surface of the ground by for thinning, however, cannot be sure, and that we know to be adapted { the destruction of scale the trees
moving the cold air there, which will done without a knowledge of plant to our soil and climate. If you are I were not freed from the mites; the eggs
rise and be repl.ired by that which is lire; while good judgment should making an order ready now for spring hatching out in five or six days repopulated -
above. He had noticed that no mat-j! guide; us in cutting out one part for I planting, do not be misled by glowing''' them as thickly as* before.As .
ter what record the thermometer re-' the sake of assisting another. A few pictures in the agents' catalogues, but a remedy for rust mite, therefore,

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kerosene is not so effective as whaleoil the cheapest solution that can be considered tions, the disease seemed to spreadover Shipping: Oranges to California.Editor .

soap or sulphur. The addition of worth while to use at all, will the surface more rapidly than Farmer and Fruit Grower:

sulphur to the ordinary kerosene cost a cent a gallon when ready to over the surface of the same culturesnot The newspaper paragraph you referto

emulsion makes a very effective com-- apply to the trees, while the sulphur dipped in the solutions. Cutting hath this extent, no more.

bination for use, both against the scale solution ((20 cents a gallon) when di away the diseased parts and burning A lady now living in San Fran-

and the rust mite, provided the sulphur luted for application does not cost them is the most effectual way knownto cisco, temporarily, owns a place here.

is kept well mixed in the solu- over two fifths of a cent. check the spread of the disease.In As her income is some twenty thou-

tion by stirring. But this is the objection ---.. the orchard of the experiment sand dollars a year, she can afford to

to it in practice, namely: the Potash Cures All. station the soil is a clayey loam, and "pay the piper" when she dances. It
difficulty of keeping the sulphur well Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: the surface slopes slightly to the south- occurred to her that fruit from her

stirred in. More than that, a sulphur There is so much talk of potash west. The prevailing winds during own place would not taste of silver if

solution is better than a sulphur mix within the last few Weeks in your May, June and July for 1890, in this she had it shipped to her; or, if it did,

ture, and a sulphur solution is not valuable paper, that I may be allowedto section, were from the south, south. the pleasure would more than balance
easily made by the fruit grower. west and west. The rows in the or the expense. The fruit was wrappedin
express my very ignorant ideas. chard from The red white and blue and the
WHALE OIL SOAP. run west to east. papers,
My old friend, Rev. Lyman Phelps, first fourteen rows, beginning at the boxes had pine sides oiled.

The action of this insecticide upon says, "the fruit trees, etc., take up southwest corner, are each composedof G. F. F.
the mites is peculiar. A trace of it in all that i is! given them," and potash is a single variety. The remainingsix Zellwood Oran e Co.
solution causes them at once to relinquish
not wasted. As I understand it Rev. rows contain two or more varie
leaves. ,
their hold the
All other liquids that upon have been tried, Mr. Phelps is on a sand soak, and ties.The first tree to show the diseasewas ]jl VIattl\e iIl .

even if they kill the mites, increasethe from that fact he is the very best -
the ninth in ,
tree row No i, A Bit of Experience.
tenacity with which they cling to judge of any one in the whole State of in 1889. From this the disease Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

the surface. All the free mites are at Florida. spread, in 1890, across the eastern I was pleased with the article, in a

once removed from leaves dipped in a My very poor experience is this: J portion of the: whole orchard, in the recent number of your paper, fromE.
solution of one pound to 100 gallonsof direction of the prevailing winds, L. Goodsell, on the subject of
water. Strong solutions are, how bought a grove, seven-year seedlings. across the several varieties containedin Marketing Florida Oranges." It
ever, required to kill them or their that had been cowpenned mulchedand
the different rows. The western should carry with it much weight, for
eggs and the dormant (molting) mucked with grass, pine straw, half was much less affected by the it is reasonable and from a man who

young. A solution of one pound in etc., and given all the manure of 150 disease.In knows what he is talking about. It

thirty gallons kills them of effectuallyand the fowls; and yet if they made eighteen the spring of 1891, forty-six has been evident to me for a long time
a large percentage
eggs. blighted trees were dug up and their that the Florida orange growers were
One pound to five gallons is probablythe inches they would die back twenty-
places filled with new ones. Nineteenwere making a great mistake in shipping
most effective wash for rust mites two inches. The first year I got also planted on the south end of their 'fruit to the small cities all over .
that we have, and it kills also the them I pulled all the mulch away and
No shouldbe
the orchard. October i the the country. shipments
eggs. But its expensiveness is not in gave them (to my sorrow) five pounds
outside of the
condition of the orchard was as follows made few great cit
its favor, as it costs 2 cents a gallonat cottonseed meal and one and a half
: Of the nineteen trees plantedin ies having a large wholesale trade unless -
the retail of the blood and bone in In
pounds July.
soap, or sayi
the south end of the orchard, only the oranges are ordered, or the
cents at the wholesale price. Thisis November I five pounds sulphate -
one tree shows the blight. Out of shipper has regular customers. Why?
also too strong to be used with twenty to thirty per cent.
the forty-six trees planted to take the Perhaps this can be answered best by
sale' on the trees, especially when That potash did more than all the
place ot the blighted trees, nine remain giving a bit of my own experience.For .
they are blooming. seven:: years put together, and, to day, '
healthy, nine are killed by the some years I tried to sell my
after less than and half
SULPHUR. giving one a blight, and twenty-eight are blightedfrom fruit myself, in a city having about

The mites, both young and old, pounds, ninety to ninety-five per cent. the top down, from one-tenth to the same number of inhabitants as the
have dieback and
are very sensitive to sulphur, and are potash, my trees nine-tenths of their entire length. State of Florida, to men whom I knew
either.I .
readily killed by it in any form in no gum Healthy shoots were found below and who knew and were pleased with
Florida French
which it can be made to act upon some or where the blight had reached on each the quality of my fruit, but finally gave
lemon last tb bud and all
them. The eggs, however, are not year on they of these twenty eight trees. Out of I up the effort because there were: more
I A. L. Duncan
readily affected, and even survive an gummed. wrote of the 152 original trees remaining in oranges than buyers. Three years
to ask ? It is
exposure to the fumes of sulphur why simplywant the orchard, 119 have been killed by ago last fall I contracted with a partyto
of Now with
made strong enough to kill the tree. the potash.stocks will take, potash, blight, 22 are diseased, and II still ship him twenty boxes "fancy" or-
Fumigation cannot be employed with- same finely and remain healthy. From the base of anges per week throughout the sea
better and
out extreme danger to the tree. The give larger growth than in blighted trees out of the 119 son, at $3.3734 per box. Commenc

finely powdered (sublimed) flour of sweet Dieback stock, grapefruit mal or sour. practically killed by the disease, ing in December I shipped to this party
sulphur does not affect the tree. It gum or di-goma is..I healthy suckers are growing. The till the first part of February when 1 Ie
all"in the F. K. ADAMS.I
adheres more readily than might be Punta blight affected every variety plantedin wrote me asking if I would not stop
supposed to the smooth surface of the the orchard in nearly the same shipping, as he could buy the best or-

leaves, and, especially when they are Pear or Fire Blight. degree, although the Tyson was the anges in market of the commission

roughened by the mites, it is not en (Mierococcus Amylovorus Bur.) least injured. :' merchants at $2.00 per box. I was

tirely washed away by heavy rains. This disease is produced by living From the preceding it appears that quite willing to stop as from that time

This, therefore, may be regarded as germs, and finds an entrance to the the germs causing the pearblightwere forward I knew I could do better with

one of the cheapest and most effective tree through the growing tips of the carried by the wind, and that my fruit in New York.

insecticides that can be employed branches, the flowers, and through the reason why the newly-set trees at Now, the trouble with that city was
against the mites. But there is no cracks or openings in the bark. the southeast end of the orchard that it had no wholesale trade; its

known way of applying dust or The disease can be readily culti-- were so little affected by the diseasewas commission merchants sent out their

powder to a tree which is eight or ten vated in the laboratory, and after being that the germs were blown away circulars soliciting consignments, and

feet high so effectually as a spray can grown there several generations, from the trees and not across them; when the consignments came pouringin
be thrown upon it ; it cannot be pro can be taken back to the tree and for the same varieties, planted where and the immediate wants of the retail -

jected through the air so well. produce the disease. This has been the wind carried the germs, were in trade were satisfied, then the com-

Hence, any true solution (not a mere done repeatedly in experiments carriedon most cases diseased. It also appears mission men would have to go out and

mixture or suspension) of sulphur here after five or more generationsof from the fact that healthy shoots or drum up customers and were forcedto

meets the demands of the situation growth in the laboratory ; but all suckers were growing from the baseof sell at the prices offered by the re

better than the powder. There 'can attempts to produce the blight by in trees out ot 119 practicallydead tailers. This I know is the way it

be no question of the effectiveness of covering the leaves with the living from the blight, that the blight works in one city and it illustrates the

sulphur as a general insecticide. The germs of the disease resulted in failure does not attack the tree from the working of the present system in all

ru-t insecticides advertised in our although it was easily done by base upward, but that it begins from cities not having a wholesale trade;
columns rest their chief merits upon the other methods.No above and works downward. A and when the retail fruit dealers in

the fact that they are true sulphur solutions I effectual remedy for the disease dwarf pear orchard containing nearlythe the cities around New York, Boston

approximating in this respect has yet been found. The copper same varieties, shows the blight Philadelphia, Chicago and St. Louis
the sulphur waters of nature. mixtures recommended for the germ fully as bad as the standard orchard can buy oranges at their own price it

As we have seen above, whale oil diseases of most of our cultivated does. This, in a measure, proves that inevitably reduces the prices in the:
soap is equally as efficacious as sul fruits do not seem to prevent the pear- there is little difference in the blighting great centres of trade. .. '

phur, if not more so, but in the blight, for with trials of sterilized cultures of dwarf and ,standard trees.-Missouri Still the important question is, how

matter of expense there is no comparison of potatoes inoculated with the Experiment Station BulletinNo. can our orange crops be properly distributed

between them. The soap, in blight, dipped in strong copper aolu- 16. ?






There is a way, it seems to me, by something for themselves, let them easily exterminated as the common ting of 2,500 pines to the acre and

which the Florida Fruit Exchange stop grumbling because the railroadsand long scale. four times that number of slips, whichare

could enlarge its scope and, with the steamship lines are not unselfish To Mr. F. S. Whiting, of Lady readily saleable at a cent a piece.

co-operation of the orange growers, enough to work for them.E. Lake : The twigs marked No. 2 After the third year, although the

greatly improve the present situation.It B. GEORGE. simply have the dieback. The others plantation will continue to yield an

is not to be expected that all orange Washington, D.C. have the scales above described- increasing number of pineapples, yet,

growers will ship their fruit to the Exchange treatment, of course, the same.-ED. inasmuch as some of the plants will

for those who have taken ,How It Works in Memphis.The have to be withdrawn from around

much pains with their fruit and madea present crop of Florida oranges, the lemon trees, and as the price of

reputation for it, can do better by which seems to have proven unsatis 1lte Pinery, slips will decline in the course of years,

shipping their fruit themselves to the dealers has as the country becomes stocked with
factory to most to a cer- --
houses that have been it them it will be safe
handling not to
tain been the to Memphis Edited by JOHN B. BEACH, Melbourne, Fla. compute'
than they could by changing and hav extent, reverse wwwLemons the income at much over $700 an acre

ing their fruit sent they know not dealers, for, as a rule, they have and Pineapples in Joint per annum. The cost of cultivating

where. But a great deal of fruit is done no packing in Florida, but have Culture. and fertilizing a mixed lemon and

shipped to the Exchange, and it is for waited for the "chicken dealers" who The "triple culture" of North Italy, pineapple plantation Dr. Hanson estimates -

the interest of that organization and of would make advances, the broker who that is, mulberries and vines in rows at about $50 an acre per an-

every orange grower that its officers and wheat in the "lands" between, is num.
should know beforehand how many works with Florida shippers for joint noted in the agricultural circles of 15 <

oranges are going forward and where account, or the produce commissicn Europe, and has doubtless been noticed The Fruit Outlook.

they are going. man who attracted consignments by by observant American travelers.A Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

is means of "slick" circulars, to get double culture It certain that the
Usually every one who shipping plan of for the pine- seems pretty day

oranges can tell before the end of one over loaded with fruit and then supply apple regions of South Florida is proposed of high prices for oranges and all

week how many boxes he intends to themselves with all the fruit needed at by Dr. William Hanson, the other kinds of fruits has passed by.

ship the next, and if each one would their own price in home market; so, as manager of the South Florida Tropical
they have always worked with an as- This fact, while it furnishes smaller returns -
notify the Exchange how many boxes Fruit Company, which consists in
sured profit, I see no reason why they to the individual grower, is a
he intended to ship the followingweek lemons and pineapples. In a personal
should less the end of the gain to the people at large.
weigh at great
mid! to what place they wouldbe letter to the editor Dr. Hanson says
sent, the Exchange could then tell season. Of course the percentage of he is not an agricultural Pope, "issu- With cheap and wholesome fruit,

where its shipments should go in orderto profit is not so great as in former ing bulls Urbi et orbi to the city and easily and everwhere obtainable by
years, but the increased demand more the common people, there will be less
secure the best results. To receive : to the world, but he believes thor-
than makes the difference. The Florida sickness and less need of doctors.
and these would in this least for
compile reports of oughly plan, at the
orange growers must not blame Cheap fruit will do more to dispel
course, involve considerable labor banks of the Caloosahatchee.It .
anyone but themselves and the weather malaria than all the pills and bitters
that be for in that
must paid some way; so happens, fortunately, the
and I would suggest that the mbney for the poor result obtained from pineapple and the lemon both thriveon and antidotes ever foisted on a credu.
their crop. They seem to have no lous public, and "the world will be
could be obtained by admitting orange precisely the same kind of land on "
the better for it.
organization, no union by which to
growers, upon the payment of an the Caloosahatchee. Pineapple plants
protect their interests, as in the first And when it comes to raising cheap
annual fee, to membership in toe or should be allowed plenty of room.
place the railroad charges for trans oranges the poor man who has a
gamzation, and that each member be To crowd 12,000 or even 20,000 into
portations are 'fully fifty cent. in small grove surrounding his house,
himself per is the
required to obligate to report the space of an acre, as prac-
: excess of what they should be, and whose poultry supply it with all the
to the officers of the organization by tice in the Bahamas, is considered by
the middle of each week the number cost of telegraphing double as much, Dr. Hanson an error in Florida. By needed fertilizer, can beat the large

ol boxes of oranges he intends to ship and the grower does not seemingly I setting the slips every two feet in rows grower out of the business. A man
realize that he for all whether he I with 100 to 150 trees surrounding his
the next week and their destination pays four feet apart-giving about 5,000
sells the fruit in his or ships it house and out houses, need never
This would not only enable the Ex. grove plants to the acre-not only can the
cent for commercial fertilizers
change to make its shipments advisedly on commission. ground be fertilized and run over fre. spend a
and in nine out of ten his
but it would enable it to adviseits Secondly, the most important ob- quently with the acme harrow (about cases
jection is to working by individual trees will be healthy; they will bear
members of the number of boxes growers all the cultivation the pineapple needs)

reported for shipment, and if the num- instinct, often guided by more cheaply, rapidly and thoroughlythan every year and the fruit will keep
well be solid and full of juice. Dur-
ber appeared to be too great, it could worthless information, and shipping it can possibly be done in the ,
fruit to some in whatever marker ing the past season I don't think oranges *
t recommend that each shipper reduce party Bahama system of planting; but also
they have been led to believe is have netted the growers over
his may the fruit and the
shipment larger
5 10 or 15 per cent, as grows propor-
the situation req.,fired.p best. In shipping to Memphis they tion of non bearing plants is reducedto 50 cents per box, or from $2.00_ to

Such an organization could also do not seem to care whether they minimum. $3.00 per 1,000. At such prices I
ac a
should think it would be difficultfor
consign to a tailor barber cotton very
complish another very important ob There is no reason in Dr. Hanson's

ject. Florida fruit growers have for commission house or some one regu- view, why young lemon trees shouldnot any large orange grower who
his trees in condition with artificial -
larly engaged in the fruit business.Of keeps
been grumbling and be out feet
years growling planted every twenty
fertilizers and hires all the work
course when the scattered consignments
the the the
kicking against transportationrates among pineapples, setting
come in contact with the done, to figure out any profit in the
; now let us stop this and do pineapple slips a little less than two
transaction.But .
something for ourselves. Let each legitimate purchases of the regular feet apart in those particular rows so

member pledge himself to ship his fruit dealer, it upsets all c.tlculations, as to l leave a space of four feet for of course many will say that
but the dealer does not left when there will not be such a glut of other
crop of oranges by such transportationline get each lemon tree. The same cultiva
fruit another and will better
or lines, as the Exchange shall called upon to handle the consignment tion and fertilizing will then do for year we get

provide, and then let the Exchange to the fellow who has no trade. both, and in after years when the prices. A great many people are
fond of living on hope, but I have
The here another "dig.
arrange with a line of steamers, or grower gets lemons need more space some of the
Fruit Trade ever found it a very unsatisfyingdiet.
charter steamers sufficient to move the Journal. pineapples nearest the lemon trees
We must to
expect compete
In this the be removed.
crop. way orange growers can
could doubtless have their oranges Purple Scale, Dieback, Etc. The habit of the lemon tree in this with orange growers from Mexico,
Central America the West Indies and
taken from Jacksonville to any of the Mr.\ A. S. Harvey, Wildwood, favored climate is to ripen, its fruit ,
Southern well
as as our own
seaport cities for 25 cents per box, instead sends the male and female scales of during the summer months and the ,. Europe
in Louisiana and California.M. .
of 40 cents as now. An organization the orange chionaspis (Chionaspis fall; in other words, at a time when people CHESEBRO.

that thus controlled the shipping din)) and the mature females of the the wholesale price of lemons in New Plummers.

of the entire orange crop could purple scale (Afytilaspis ilneo/a), as York ranges from $4 to $7 a box of ..-.

make advantageous terms with the determined by Prof. C. V. Riley, 360. Now, at the age of five years Wild flowers in large variety are

railroads.For and asks if they are "harder to kill from the time of budding the lemon used with excellent taste in a Chicago

one, I would be glad to belongto and overcome than the ordinary trees on the Caloosahatchee are wontto cemetery.

sucn' an organization, and it the brown scale." Mr. H. probablymeans bear a crop of 500 lemons and at ten

Fruit Exchange is not inclined to the long scale. This purple years 5,000 is about the number I CURE FITS !

move in the matter, why not form an : scale is apt to infest the lemon, citron they yield. From this it is clear thata

organization that will do something on I: and those varieties of orange which return of$500 per acre from a five When I My cure I do not mean merely to stop I them
for a time and then hare them return again. moan a
the lines indicated? Now is the time have large oil cells, such as the Tan- year.old lemon grove-Ioo trees to radical euro. I hare mode: the d MIM of FITS EPILEPSY -

to perfect plans for the shipment of gerines, etc. The kerosene emulsion, the acre at twenty feet apart is a sum warrant or 07 FALLLNO remedy to SICKNESS cure the worst a hfe-ljnc caws. itndy.Became I

the next crop, and if the orange growers of which we published the formula in quite within the range of reasonable : other hare failed is no reason for not now receirlox ft
: have wisdom the issue of Feb. is effective Then the cure. Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle of
t of the State not 18, expectation. pineapple my infallible remedy. Gire Exprwi and Poet OQoe.
and energy enough to combine and do I against this scale, although it is not so should in the second year yield a cut II. O. BOOT fll. C., 183 Pearl &C.t V. Y.M .




---- -
]' J1T] 'Rt1CIER. I at the same "time press downward. from the start, with a very rich soil It is skilled white labor we need in

.... Shade the bed a day or two if the and plenty of water. Florida to make farming remunerative.I .

plants wilt much. We never use Plenty of watermelon vines can be have one white man who, with a
Work for March.
water on bed unless very dry. We I grown with the fertilizer all in the hill; two-horse plow, has done more and

STRA WBERRIES.-The South Florida dip the roots in a little water if the but there will be no fruit worth speak- better plowing in less time than any

growers nearly all vote against mulching plants will wilt much while trans. ing of unless there is a store of fertility two negroes I ever had with one horse

on the ground that it harbors too planting. scattered through the earth about. plows. The way he turns over the ,

many insects. It is not really neces "When the plants get four or five As with the orange, the cane and ground and cuts a clean furrow is
it until about the first of
sary to apply inches high and about the size of a other plants producing saccharine pleasing. C. W. CAMPBELL, SR.

March, except in the extreme south, lead pencil they should be trans juices, the roots search widely throughthe Campobello. .
and we do not imagine the insects .eUniformity ---
planted again to cold frames preparedto earth for a supply of the needed
would injure the plants materially dur receive them. These frames materials. in Packaffes.

ing March and April. The berries should stand five in square in cold CAULIFLOWER-This delicious vegetable The ordinance now being urged by

that are picked before the mulching is frame, and if rather shaky set pretty is so much superior to cabbagethat the Retail Grocers' Association upon

applied can be freed from sand by wonder who has the of New York will
deep. We never made our cold we anybody ever city government

shaking them gently on a sheet of frames very rich, as we get too much tried the two will spend time on the prescribe, if passed, that a barrel of

loose gunny-cloth. They should not top and not enough roots in pro por- latter. Seed may be sown even yet, spinach shall weigh not less than 40

be washed except for immediate use. tion. and the plants, though late, may be pounds, sprouts 50 pounds, apples

The labor of sorting strawberries with, "In preparing our cold frames protected from the vermin by a sprayof and pears 135 pounds, a bushel ol potatoes
the the table
holding arms over Paris green. The cauliflower must or tomatoes 60 pounds, sweet
about the first of February, we put ona
the shoulders drooping forward is
and there, small sprinkle! of fine stable manure, have plenty of water; have a little potatoes and onions 55 pounds, turnips -
ceedingly tiresome, are basin around each plant to catch all carrots, parsnips or beets 50
bushels hundredfeet
to one
many people who cannot endure it say and fertilizer I the rain that falls, and if this is not pounds, bag of string or wax beans 40
pounds or I
twenty ,
than hour two at time.
more an or a
rich soil about a chicken roost is as sufficient pour a quart to each plant pounds, cranberry or lima beans or
of the
At use a
Lawtey many growers twice a week.BEANS.It. green peas 50 pounds, and a basketof
good as Then we plow and
sorting machine an endless of any.
; apron
harrow with soil where cold is not so easy to raise peaches 25 pounds. Shippers of
the width of a quart cup, revolving on up the materials for that universal favor goods will do well to remember these
frames are to stand leaving the soil
rollers. It may be made as long as in a ridge.V c build frames after- ite, succotash, in Florida as it is in weights. Strawberries and a.u. J small

' desired, six or eight feet or more, the North; but it can he done and has fruits and berries sold in b')xes or
accommodate wards, very temporary, for the only
high enough to a person been done. Plant Lima beans as soon baskets must be sdld only in such as
before it and with a boardan use of a cold frame is to prevent frost
standing as danger from frost is over, in hills contain full quarts, pints or halt-pints,
side and too much rain and hail. We remove -
inch high on each to keep the
the three feet apart, with a shovelful of dry measure Every basket, bag, box,
our frames as soon as plantsare
berries on the apron. A quart at a well rotted manure in each hill. As crate or barrel] must have the weight
of them it is easier .
out to
as re
it ,
time is emptied on slowly one
; person soon as well up stick with good stout or measure of its contents plainly
build them than to refill with dirt the
crank with hand
the and
turns t one
poles; it must be strongly done or the marked on it in letters or numbers an
with berries while next year. When plants are nearing
the sorts the inch
be on the ground before the long.
the time of field should
going to they
feeder at the same time picks out de-
is half and lemons and fruits and
season through. Keep well Oranges)
have all the sun and air they can get
fective specimens as they slowly
pass fertilized and cultivated and they will vegetables sold at public auction or at
day and night when there is no fear
At the end the berries drop
a'ong. will bear the docks be consumed outside of
very abundantly until cut to !
of heavy rains and storms. The
down a short incline into a cup. A down the limits and sold
by frost. Should they escape city goods by
will need shower
plants one good
dozen of the largest berries are snugly the frost will it is
they bear all winter and count, are exempt. As hoped
about the
ten days they to
laid on the tops to give the cups a go the following summer. The occasional and'expected that this ordinance will
field to settle the dirt firm. We ate
neat appearance. with be and also that the uniform
feeding a handful of cottonseedmeal passed
always very careful at this time of hail
Whether for or refrigerator
express should not be neglected. Ward crates recommended above will come
storms and high winds to play havoc
shipment strawberries should be
well's Improved Kidney is highly into very general use, those gardenerswho
with the larger plants. On the .
picked as much as possible in the
recommended. The Lazy Wile's, Pole are liable to have to ship their
while cool and wet with dew proach of an angry cloud every bed
morning ; Bean is bearer with that and those
a sure half a products to city, even
then dried in the shade before pack is closed up at once, because delay chance. selling in other cities from hich they

ing. Early in the morning they are means destruction."If We also insist that sweet corn can may be shipped to New York, or where
shrunken with the cold and firm, and the plants crowd each other in
be grown in Florida,for we have provenit they will come into competition with
they will stand pouring down on the the frame it is right to pinch off some though it required careful pains the New York packed goods, will do

table without injury. As the sun of the big leaves that seem determinedto taking. Have the land very rich with well to make their arrangements ac

warms them toward the middle ot smother some of the smaller plants
up compost lot manure or cottonseed cordingly. Now is a good time to

the day they swell out with the heat round them. meal well stirred in. Wait until the have crates and boxes made for this

and become soft, the delicate skins CASSA v .-The distance apart to ground is warm. If it is very dry, year's use, and it is better to have

are easily ruptured and they make a plant this depends on the strength ot water the drill before the seed is them of the right size.

smeary mess which no amount of sub the land. 4x5 is none too wide on planted, then cover with as moist .

sequent cooling on ice can put into strong land ;: on lighter land 4x4- will earth as can be procured and step on Flat Culture for Potatoes.T. .

good merchantable condition. The answer, giving 2722 hills to the acre. the hill. Soak the seed six hours- B. Terry the best Irish

writer used to get about one half his Read Mr. May's letter in the issue of not longer, or it will sour-in clean in the, United States writes potato
grower :
ground picked: over in the cool of the the 18th on the cultivation. warm water. The trouble generally "On a field cultivated level and

day every day and ship the berries by MELONS, ETc.-The superiority of is that the land is not made rich enoughfor the surface all mellow, the rain, goes
at noon. The other half was watermelon seed
express Florida-grown over Waste time
corn. no on seed rght down where. it falls, wetting all
picked in the afternoon daily or in the United
every any produced bought from the corner grocery. .' the soil and carrying what fertility it
other day and the fruit into the demandfor
put States., is demonstrated by the *-+-* has in it right to the growing roots
refrigerator car. Fully three.fifths of it in North but in
not only White Labor the Best. that extend all through between the
the total revenue of the patch if not Florida. Hastings & Co., of Inter
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: rows. Where a shovel plow is used
two thirds of it, would be made from lachen, are good seedsmen; we can I busier
am now than I want to be in before a heavy shower, much of the
the half that was picked in the cool recommend their Still advise
goods. we
of of labor I in
consequence a change am water runs off the furrows, carrying
of the morning. every one to buy chiefly old and
making.I its fertility with it. The ground 'in

TOMAToES.'V.. Day gives the approved varieties. wrote you that owing to a disaffec- the hills, instead of being a yielding
following seasonable directions for Sow all vines alike, dig holes a foot tion
among my farm hands I had a medium, often gets so dry and hard
the latitude of North Florida : deep and two feet wide, and put in lock-out
at Campobello; soup-bones, that the yield is injured. Level soil
"In three or four weeks the plants two or three shovelfuls of rich com bonny clabber and watermelons were will stand drought best. In a wet

will need resetting. They are ready post or two or three handfuls of
powerless to help me. But I have season potatoes will stand hilling
when the third leaf above the seed cottonseed meal, hoeing it in and mix I been on my metal since Christmas and better, but on drained land even then

leaves shows. They are then about ing thoroughly. Let the hills for cu- have done with my own hands and hills are an injury. When one takes

three inches high.Ve transplant at cumbers be four feet cantaloupessix wits what I
apart had been paying two ethers soil from between the rows to pile up

this stage under glass right where the melons and pumpkins eight or ten. to do. And for the balance I am sub- around the hills, he is laving bare cr
seed were sown, but of course not so It is useless to bother with cucumbers
stituting white labor for ignorant nearly so, the roots that are alone in
thick. Set three in square if crowdedfor unless they are got in early better to labor
; negro and find it pays he center. This is abusing the

space. 'Ve put two in a place replant a time or two after frost than With half the force and half the expense i lants, and on drained land I know ofr
and find they do about as well as wait too long. A good cucumber soil
any. I am further along with m, :0 possible benefit to be derived.
We set them down to seed leaves and in Florida is rare, and a good cucumber work at this time than ever: before, Better plant about four inches deep '

press the soil a little to the plant, but is.rarer. They must be kept going and am much pleased with the change. and keep the ground nearly level. In.1f16




practice, I have to throw a little dirt and if at any time you wish me to Week Total Daily Price
PouItvyadpary.! Ending. Eggs. Average: Per Doz. Value
under the plants with the Planet visit your plantation for the purpose of Nov. 25........$23.43
.... ... ....... ...... ...
horse hoe but the surfaceas - Dec. 2. 751..107. 40. 25.03
the cultivation
; we keep directing gathering, FEEDING. 9........ 655........ 91....... 40.... 21.8J
nearly level as' possible. After or curing of crop, I will gladly do so GOOD CARE AND J6........ 627........ 89....... 4"... 20.90
thousands of bushels in if 23........ 663........ 94....... 40.... 22.R0
raising many you will furnish transportation from JO..709 ..... .101....... 40.... 23.6J
this way, we find no more greenedor your Florida Central & Peninsular How it Increased Our Eggyield.We Jan'y 6...... 575........ 82....... 38 ... US.21
33........ -461. ...... 65....... 38.... 1460
sunburned than when we hilled up. Railroad Station to field and return, have about 300 birds, all but 20 ....... 474..:..... 67....... 33.... J501
........ ..... ...... ...
in truth. I think 2"] 44S. 64 35. IJ.07Feb'y
high not so : and for board and the
; many. pay lodging on thirty of them being pullets. In the 3...... 650 ..... 92....... 35.... 1\:' ..96I0.
trio. I shall incur no expense for ........ 943..I34: ..... 30.... 2J\J!
latter part of November and first '7..3054........150 ...... 28.... 24.60
railroad travel, the Florida Central & .
tobacco. Peninsuar Railroad Company supply- week in December they were laying ( And a fraction over).

ing me with transportation. somewhat better than 100 eggs a day. We do not lose sight of the fact

Seed for Subscribers. of the that the season was advancing, and
Address all communications to The severe cold and storms
that a part of this rapid increase in
Director DC Pass, of the State Ex Quincy, Fla. first half of December checked the lay
yield should be credited to that
egg ,
periment Station: has placed with us a HENRY J. FF.NTON, ing somewhat, to about ninety a day and we mentioned the fact that there
of sufficient Tobacco F. C. & P. R. R.
Sumatra seed
package to Agent
but the rally which followed the check were half a dozen days when the birds
plant ten acres. This is for gratuitous
brought it again the last week in could be out of d )ors, also a consider-
distribution :
and to any subscriber of LtFetoc1 able help. With these (facts kept in
the paper sending stamps for postagewe \. December to over 100 a day. mind the above table shows remarable

will send a small sampleenoughto At that time sickness in the family, results from good care and good feed-

plant a few rows as an experiment. Cassava vs. Sweet Potatoes For soon followed by a two weeks' ab ing; by the latter we mean feeding a
Doubtless most of our readers under Cows.
stand that neither Sumatra Vuelta sence of the writer in the South (at cooked morning nush.
nor The editorial is There be but that
family supplied can no question a
Abajo seed should be planted with the Charleston), so reduced our working
with milk
by a cow of pure Cracker cooked morning mash increases the
expectation of raising a crop of wrap. pedigree, an excellent butter-maker, force that the morning mash was almost possibilities of assimilation. The fowl

pers the first year. These foreign and in every way more satisfactorythan wholly omitted for three weeks; has to grind up the grain ration beforeit

seeds have to be acclimated;: the sec her predecessor, which was a the fowls having dry grain only. Under is prepared for assimilation. Sup-

ond year they will produce a crop nearly pure Jersey. For several these circumstances the egg-yield fell posing that she has ground up and ,
Hence hillsor
harvesting. a few weeks this winter we have had her fed assimilated the grain eaten for supper J
rows will be enough the first year. off to a little over sixty a day.
during alternate weeks on cassava during the night. If she is fed grainin
-ED. t r and sweet potatoes. At night she re The writer reached New York on the morning it will be some hours

Yield of the State-Seed. ceived two quarts of bran, and in the the evening of January 21st, and let before that ration can be ground and

Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: morning three gallons of potatoes, ters awaiting him there gave a bulletinof made ready for assimilation; whereasthe
There in Gadsden and during the day grazed 'on wire cooked mash is available for as-
was planted matters at home, including the egg
Being unused to cassava, she similation immediately being
last about of grass. upon
county year 2,000 acres home in the
account. Coming
tobacco, not including the plantations did not for some time eat as much of sleep. eaten, consequently so much time is
of Messrs. Straiton & Storm (the Owl it as of potatoes. Her milker is a boy, ing-car (why are they-called "sleeping gained. The cooked mash enables

Cigar Co.) and those of Messrs. Voght and several times forgot to make a cars?"-there is no place in the world biddy to "make overtime."

&Sons, and Messrs. Schroeder & Bon, note of the amount of milk he received where one is so wakeful), we studiedthe Another advantage of the cooked
which grew about 600 acres, making a so that the record is not com. situation and determined to buildup mash is the variety of food elementsit
total of about 2,600 acres. The well. plete. But we found that during the that diminished egg-yield. Mash contains. There is the cooked vegetables .

known success of the three firms "sweet potato week" she gave from for all the pens was made up the first the animal food in the animal

named makes it unnecessary to further 9I2 to ii pounds at a milking, and evening and steadily kept up five timesa meal, which contains meat, bone,
refer to them, so I will only mentionthe during the "cassava week" from 11 to wetk. The proportion of animal etc., and is rich in album
pounds. The butter made on cassava inoid3. In fact, we can that
result of the 2,000 acres grown by 13 meal was somewhat increased for a suppose
others. The various crops planted overweighed that made on time, to make up for the three weeks'lost the grain ration gives biddy the where-

ranged from one to thirty acres each. sweet potatoes in the same propor time, and the proportion of Sher- u ithal to sustain life, resist the cold,

The average yield per acre was about ion, but was not quite so rich-colored. idan's condition powder was doubled and replace wornout tissue, and that

430 pounds, and the price realized Now, when we reflect that the cas for a week. Of this Utter we ordina, the cooked mash furnishes the mate
averaged about thirty-one cents per sava will yield at least twice as much rily use a heaping teaspoonful for each rial out of which to manufacture eggs.

pound, making a total of 996,000 per acre as the potatoes, we have a seventy five fowls; for a week we put Life must be sustained, cold resisted,

pounds, selling for $308,700.00 or valuable pointer.-ED. in two heaping teaspoonfuls.In and wornout tissue replaced, before

$133.30 per acre, the cost of producing o I the pens had been put swale hay eggs can be made. There must be a

which did not exceed $50.00 per Sheep for Florida.. chopped fine to compel scratching.In surplus for egg making. Isn't that
Editor FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: three weeks this hay had become surplus! the cooked mash?-Farm-

acre.About 200,000 pounds were pro I have about fifty native Florida considerably fouled, so it was thor- Poultry.
ewes and wish to grade them. Have raked off and .
duced throughout the State outside of oughly two or three
Gadsden county. read with interest the articles in the arge basketfuls of fresh put in each Carefully picked: apples keep remarkably -

These results prove that tobacco FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER and pen, enough to cover the ground threeor well so long as we give thema

planting is most profitable in Florida, hope you will do me the kindness to four inches deep. low, equable temperature.The .

and encourage the Florida Central direct= me to some responsible person, Nest boxes were replenished, roosts 1. r
& Peninsular Railroad Company to from whom I can purchase a pureblooded kerosened, and all the details of cleanliness splitting of peach:: stones is at-

endeavor to further stimulate its pro ram. What breed of sheep etc., carefully attended t.). The tributed to exce of moisture! at the
duction. would you prefer for high pine land weather favored U;;, as we had two or roots of trees at the ripening age.

The undersigned has been to Cuba The pasturage is good. three warm, sunny days when the

and personally purchased seed for S. J. PERRY. fowls could be let out. A snow storm .,
. 1892 planting, to supply stock seed Rochelle,Fla. shut them in again for three or four WORTH A GUINEA A BOS/'

for planting in 1893 and 1894. I Our personal experience with sheep days, but, by doing some shoveling, #

have also secured a limited amount o( has been wholly outside of this State, they were: out again three or four days a.JCII. .

seed grown in Florida from 1891 but we should advise you to purchasean I more; say a third of the days for two
planting, of the pure Vuelta Abajo acclimated Merino ram of the less weeks. Note the result : January 23d: i pJilpliLS"J1 ;

variety. Upon application on and wrinkled type, that is, a Delaine or we began the mash.feeding again. January
after January i, 1892, both qualitiesof a Blacktop Merino. A very heavily 26th the egg yield was 70. 28_h I I A Wonderful Medicine for ,

this seed will be supplied free to folded animal would be apt to become 80, 31st 88, February 1st 98, Febru- Indigestion aftnlflra16.,Want, ''"om'UnoSl Appetite,Fullnr kn"'" of-t#

growers whose plantations are located diseased in the rainy season, whilea ary 2d 107, 3d 122, 5th 133, 7th 150 the Stomach,Bilious or Llrrr Com-$
plaints.Sick Headache, Cold Chilts, P
within ten miles of the Florida Central plainer one would dry off and be and for the week ending February Flushing of UeatLf>irnts9 of Splrus #2
& Peninsular Railroad.: All applications more likely to' remain healthy. Next* 17th the yield was 1054 eggs, or 150egts % ,and AU 2fervou3 Affections. **

must contain the maximum after the Merino, our preference per day. For the week endi it$ 6 move To cure the cau these. complaints The principal we mast cause re.h fLtncrallto
acreage proposed to be planted, as would be for a Shropshire.- J um.r)' 27th( an average of 64 pr :; be ..and i l!::* ", .>'arts n-:.''
"Iif.6ullluv :'Jq .u d t'
'i1U .1.
Florida grown seed is scarce this year, I day. Surely good care and .leedin: ''white well. Frc.a two io four Pub twi .

and must be distributed carefully to For Malaria, Liver Trouble pay well! I I <|a and day restore for a short the ...irne. ferer will to remove sound and the CYIt.lit )*
the greatest possible area. For convenience we have prepareJa |ing health. 3J
It will afford me pleasure to give or Indigestion,use table of the egg yield by weeks, in- Of all druggists Price 25 cents a box. **
] New
York Depot, Canal St. 1
> 365
you any further information desired, BROWN'S IRON BITTERS cluding price per dozen and value. I i *www&yii': iyyti"7I T .J"77171'"7

:-> b- .





CONTENTS. the waste basket, but were somewhat The Horticulturist )VIaFl\ets.' \ .

GEOVI:.un ORCHARD-The Roots that Should be surprised to see it published in some The State Horticultural Society is
Bared; Fire and Water Against Frost; Lect- - ----- -
ure on Pruning; Pear Blight; Orange. Rust- of our contemporaries.Now worth to Florida a hundred per cent. AUCTION SALES.Sgobel .

No. 4: 163 comes "Georgia Factor," in more than the Jacksonville and Ocala t' .
Potash Cures.All; Pear or Fire Blight; 164MARKETISO
| an artless letter and she will tell & for F. F. E. 2,100 boxesex
-A Bit of Experience; 164 says expositions, which were, so far as the Day
How It Works in Memphis Purple Scale.Dieback I how to make "lots of Kansas City, Feb. 26 : ,
anyone money soil tlllers concerned of
,Etc.; 165 are a piece
THE PIICCHT-Lemons and Pineapples In Joint 'I even if you only work evenings," by trickery; inducing these hardworkingmen .-"= d .--= mv .,
o M o
Culture The Fruit 165 0
; Outlook; o0
silverplating old ware. In return she = 0 fl .u
FARMER AID TRCCKKR-Work for March; White I I to bring out samples of their .Q -;::: .Q ;::
Labor the Best; Uniformity in Packages; Flat I' only asks the reader to send her some choicest the c z a Co z
Culture for Potatoes; 166 productions to promote 4305 30 2 05 3517 26 2 3 00
TOBACCO-Seed for Subscribers; Yield of the .' 'I article of curiosity, as she is anxious schemes of real-estate "boomers" and 6264 32 125 6264 45 165

State-Seed; 167 to make a collection of curios from 6264 18 2 40 6264 29 135
LIvE STOCK-Cauiava vs. Sweet Potatoes for i then not paying them the premiums
6264 26 2 05 176 14 1 30
Cows; Sheep for Florida; 167 every township in the United States,
advertised. What is an orange to the 176 40 185522 30 155
POCLTRT AID An ART-Good Care and Feeding: 167; Trying to Dupe the.Farmers; i I though she admits that this may seem visitor, or a hundred crates of the best : 7530 28 210 7530 ain 165
00 1817 1 85
Two Orange Auctions in Jacksonville The 7530 74 2
Man the Better Horse; The Horticulturists; 169 to be "a girlish whim." "Georgia that ever grew? The committee will 4005 13 135 4005 25 190

AIlKETII-Auction Sales; 168 Factor" is hereby informed that she look at a basket of them all day and 3948 16 1 80 1214 15 1 85
.Honduras Rice; 169 3218 10 1 80 1180 24 1 10
STATE' News-Items; 169 is entirely too philanthropic for the tell us a great number of observed 1180 27 1 55 7185 5 155
All Matter Was Once Mineral; 169 '! 6125 22 2 05 7307 19 1 90
sordid latitudes of Florida and that facts-this is science which elevates
; ,
Or ,
*YOOTO Fouc.-How the Indians Lived; 170 W 25 180 1526 14 160
STATE Nxws-Items; 170'' an immature, fifty-cent alligator or a and expands the intellect. But" the 1526 29 2 05 1526 43 1 95
OUR RCKAI.HOME-Burdette on Living by Rule
Sponging Out a Headache; Orange Short- I conch shell is considered a wholly in. matters which interest the human race 1526 16 1 85 6GOO 9 1 80
346 24 145 346 17 180
Cake Colds .
: ; 171
FIBER PLAXTS-Sisal Hemp in the Bahamas; 172 I I adequate compensation for the im- vastly more are, how to raise and 346 29 195 346 :37 160

Our t orests; .. 172 parting of the art of silverplating. turn them into money and make home 5639 18 1 55 5639 21 1 95
Setting the Hants;Prunus Simon; 173 5639= 31 210 5639: 26 210
THE FARMERS Auni Commission Rates: New comfortable and beautiful with the 7380 9 1 90 6501 33 1 65
Laws and New Crops; Richardson at Union Two Orange Auctions in Jacl son- proceeds.The 95; 12 2 65 S 02 1 35:

Alliance; Statement Ellsey F.A.C. Store; ANew ville. 4513; 7 160( 2813 {9) 175
Chautauqua; The Alliance Has the Sab- presented at the annual 5890 20 195 7269 24 165
bath; 174 Bismarck once said to the English papers 90
3137 20 1 80 1631 13 1
free of Silver meetings are more or less formal but
Coinage ;Notes; 175 ,
ambassador, Lord Loftus : "If my 2731 16 155 2731 39 180
they are instructive, and they are 4315 24 1 75 1418 17 2 40
STEPHEN POWERS Editor.P. had the to
countrymen money supportso
1418 37 2 95 7132 22 1 75
sandwiched between oral discussions
O. Address Lawtey, Fla. much royalty, every one of them 5549 2 1 10 985 31 1 80

would have his So which are, of inestimable value. These 985 19 2 10 3061 26 1 60
own king.
The starting of a beehive factory in I we discussions are the pith and mar- 3061 25 185 7077 :22 125
are moved to remark: If the orange very 7077 28 1 10 3371 5 lm:
Florida is an enterprise that ought to I of Florida had the to row of the high art of making out of 6932 is 1 80 7362 22 1 35

be encouraged, if good work is turnedout. growers money the soil a livelihood befitting a gentle 6350 12 50 7620 11 1 40
pay for the luxury, every one of them 6004 18 140 6064 22 180
See advertisement.
would have his man. They are the immensely important 6064 23 2 05 6064 20 1 35
own selling
--- agency.
practical details of intelligentsoil 6064 31 1 75 6064 119 1 90
Mr. H. P. Trimble is lost to the /.4 6064 67 180 1592 17 175
The Man the Better Horse. culture, brought right out of the 1592 31 2 00 2475 16 1 55
journalists of Florida but is
gained by Henry Stewart, a noted gardener, grove, the field and the garden. The 2475 28 160 2475 36 165
agriculturists.. He has engaged in 5517 20 1 80 6895 6 2 35
says he would as soon think of bring. best articles that we receive for the 2695; 10 1 60 2475;) 1 2 35
farming in Nassau and will
county, ing his horse into his parlor as into FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER are writ 1592 2 2 2:5 5517 2 1 05
presently add sheep-breeding on a 7620 2 225
his garden. The great number of improved ten by men fresh from their daily
somewhat extensive scale. S;ohel & Day for F. F. E., 1,360 boxes,
wheel-hoes and hand-plows in work, giving an exact transcript of ex John G. Christopher, Feb. 23:
modern use has done much to super their methods and results; articles 6266 24 $1 60 985 26 $2 05
Potatoes have this winter been sent, 3329 10 2 40 5865 47 1 30

without freezing, in a frost-proof car, sede the horse, especially in Florida, racy of the soil. 5865: 34 170 5427 18 190

where horse-feed is expensive. If the 7269 16 1 75 5873 10 1 90
At the annual meetings we have
from northern Maine and Canada
754 16 1 60 1161 3 1 80
Boston, being fourteen days on the garden-plat is broken up deep and before now driven the pencil l at high 6849 8 1 75 6064 11 1 65

thoroughly pulverized before planting, 6064 39 1'8.3 .6064 62 1 95;)
until exhausted
speed our arm dropped -
way, with the mercury a portion of the 347 37 16'S( 347 33 1 30

time 20 below zero. This opens up ; the entire cultivation can be effectually and could work no longer, in the 347 29 1 70 347)1:) 175

with rake 347 24 105( 6600 15 165'
performed a garden by fasten down these
in I attempt to on paper
a possibility shipments.
orange 3218 10 18) 5879 15 180
simply breaking the crust after every priceless words of practical men. The 4297 26 1 90 7585 9 2 00

The Tampa Journal records a brisk rain. The rake swept lightly and Legislature ought to vote the Societya 1695 10 1 75 176 14 1 75
3928 10 1 65 5705 10() 1 80
travel and traffic in rapidly over the whole garden twice a few hundred dollars to
that section. From a year pay 5839 21 1.5 4220 15 1 95;

February 16 to 20 inclusive, there week-and it is surprising how little for a stenographer and the publicationof : 7307 30 1 80 3000 10 1 65
980 24 2 40 980 29 2 55,
passed through Port Tampa 487 pas- time it will require to cover an ordi several thosand copies of a pam 4251; 16 1 60 4251; 26 2 00

senges (mostly to and from Havana), nary family garden-overthrows all phlet giving the annual proceedings.But 5932 11 1 90 1232 10 1 60
1381 3 1 60 1382 7 200
of fruit the weeds when they are small and if the State will not do this the
4,980 packages and vegetables, 7522 10 1 65 A EM 73 1 50

353 bales of tobacco and 3,191,180 easily killed. The wheel-hoe is easily Society may be able to accomplish the A EM 37 1 75 A E 1\1\ 63 1 90
AE3I 16 1 60 A EM 32 18.5
pounds of freight. : pushed in clean, rich, mellow land; it work, in some fashion, if enough pub- R P B 35 1 40 RP B 24 1 80

is only a task for boys so far as the lic-spirited citizens will join the organ RPB 32 1 75 6004 5 1 75
4701 19 1 50 6030 29 1 50
Try Ing to Dupe the Farmer. outlay of strength is concerned.In ization and pay the trifling annual fee 6030 26 1 90 6002 45 155

A few weeks ago we received two the soils of other States where to create a sufficient fund. A pam- 6002 23 190 6002 24 155

letters in succession from "Mrs. Win. less manure: is required the garden 3753 14 2 00 3753 1 3 50
of copies can
phlet 75 pages, 3,000 3753 2 3 20 6002 4 2 80

Carter," of Chicago, telling us how may be planted in a few long rows be printed for $175, and a good 6002 1 1 05

our readers could go into a very profitable wide apart and cultivated by horse stenographer to take down the discussions Blake & Ripley, for F. F. E., ex Gate

line of to advantage. But in Florida City, Feb. 23:
poultry growing by power of a three days' session can

sending a certain in Ohio nothing could be done without fertil-- 22 11 1 374 7623 16 1 374
company te employed in Jacksonville for about 7623 30 1 50 7623 18 2 624

their names with good references, izer, and in the garden it may be found $4 a day and expenses. 1. R. L Co. 211 75 4567 16 1 624

whereupon they would receive free advisable to use the smallest area of 4567 16 2 874 6146 2.3 1 50
For membership and general information 6146 11 17.5) 6772 16 1 624
of all charges, a consignment of fancy land that will answer the purpose; 6772 19 2 75;) 6000 29 1 50
write to Mr. W. S. Hart
6000 14 1 75 W. A, 4 1 50
eggs.or fowls to be raised and sold to plant the rows closetogether'to econ-
Secretary, Hawks Park. 6390 2 100 4385 14 1 124

this company at 50 cents a dozen and omize fertilizer, and cultivate by hand, ---- .+-- -'. 4385 33: 1 ,374 .. 2367 20' .1 95
for each fowl We the land work 56613 1 624 3948 11 1 624
$i. thought this keeping constantly at
I If it is not sunshiny where you are, 5174 25 1 90 3928 10 2 75

proposition? fishy_and consigned it to with a succession of seasonable crops.. make it so or get on.the other side. 7281 ,6 1 50 1817 7 2 374






7077 11 175 7077 23 162a Same, Feb. 23: I STATE NEWS. plies water in great abundance for irrigating -

4636 3 100 5236 10 150 Navels.. .. .... ..... . .1.62 to 2.25 __ and floating his large rice
468 19 150 4648 20 175 Brights. .. ..... .. .. .... 1.35 to 2.35
4648 11 212J 7019 15 175 California Riverside Navels..1.65 to 2.50 The orange growers in the vicinityof fields; land is now cleared for 80

4349 7 187 5236 14 175 California Riverside Seedlings 1.25 to 1.50 Gotha are recognizing the importance acres of orange grove. His cucumber

1720 27 145 1720 14 137 E. Roberts, for F. F. E., G. S. & F. car I of trucking in connection with house is wonder, erected at an .expense

7323 4 175 929 2 150 2214, Philadelphia, Feb. 23: orange culture, and are adding a larger of $1500, being 165 feet in
3685 1 bi 4 00 CHS 4 200CHS Brights ._. .... ... .... ..1.30 to 2.60
6 2 87 L Brs. 21 1 50 acreage of vegetables than in pre- length and 25 'leet wide, four rows of
Russets.._ .. .. .. .. 1.45 to 2.05F.
L Bra 62 1 55 L Bnr 22 325 & C. Fruit Auction Co., Cincinnati, vious years. This is the part of wis- stands inside are now covered with
L Bra 16 262 J H 33 140 Feb. 26: dom, as no thrifty tiller of the soil cucumber vines loaded with cucum-

H 76 155 H 79 155W Grape fruit .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.75 can afford to ,depend entirely on one bers measuring from 12 to 24 inchesin
E S 18 2 12& WES 20 2 20 Brights. .. .._ .. .. ... .. .. 1.25 to 2.70 however certain that known the
crop, length. They are as
WES 21 2 20 Russets .... .. .. ... ..1.6Uto 2.35 crop may
Sgobel & Day, for F. F.E., 1,300 boxes Same, Feb. 24: be.-Orlando Reporter. "English Telegraph. The seed cost

ex City of Augusta and Tallahassee, Brights .... .. . .. .. ..1.80to 2.30 McMeekin is $28 per pound or 3:4: cents a seed.
situated in of the
Feb. : Russets.. ... .. .. .. .. .. .1.85 to 2.15 one Mr. Hastings has a standing order
5278 18 170 5278 27 165 most fertile sections of Florida. The for all the cucumbers he can raise at

5278 7 210 6827 9 170 PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 27. people of McMeekin belong to that $1.00 each. Mr. Thompson formerly
3460 9 165 387 19 165 We quote Oranges: Indian River, fan- class of Floridians who make what
4060 12 180 6945 23 190 cy, 3.00 to 3.50; choice, 2.25 to 2.75. and with Peter Henderson, has
they consume always an
4772 19 215 382 18 145 Straight lines, Brights, 2.40 to 2.75; charge of this department. The ship-
4182 13 1 85 6945 2 3 10 choice, 2.00 to 2.25. Russets, 1.90 to abundance of everything that goes to ment of water cress amounts to about
7615 33 1 80 7615 3 1 45 2.25: choice, 1.75 to 2.00. Navels, 3.50 make life worth living. Besides their $25 per week. Mr.' Hastings has a
3374 36 1 40 3374 42 1 55 to 5.00. Tangerines, 8.00 to 10.00. Mandarins fine orange groves (from which they
stock of seed rice which he offersat
3374 59 2 00 3374 88 2 15 4.00 to 6.00. Grape fruit, fancy, realize a handsome revenue), they large
3374 52 2 10 3374 20 2 10 2.50 to 3.50. Vegetables: Egg Plants, $2 00 per bushel, also some fine
raise their and
3374 11 1 85 7491 24 2 20 12.00 to 16.00 per barrel. Cabbage, 2.50 own meat vegetablesand rust proof oats at 75 cents per bushel.
7616 30 1 70 5063 20 2 40 to 3.50. Lettuce, 3.50 to 4.50. Round have to send to market for very Tomatoes and strawberries go to St.

1214 31 2 10 1214 21 1 85 Green Beans, 3.00 to 4.00; Refugees and little, and in this they set an example Augustine daily. The poultry yardis
2627 10 2 05 3061 5 2 20 Flat, 2.00 to 2.50 bushel box. Tomatoes, which others could profit by.-
176 16 185 176 28 1 90 good-poor not wanted, 2.50 to 4.00. Palatka Herald. divided, and one can here see
. 7307 24 190 6675 29 145 Strawberries, 75 to 90 cents quart. At nearly all the best breeds of poultry.

5879 9 1 95 5108 21 2 65 this season care should be used to ship The event of the week was the Mrs. Hastings looks after this depart-
958 25 285 6187 28 180 only the best stock.
and she will
ment satisfy
Violet soon one
luncheon given by Mrs. B.
1180 54 1 40 1180 19 1 60 REDFIELD & SON.
1180 15 2 25 1180 26 165 Mason to a number of her lady friendsof that there is a profit in poultry. All

7269 9 1 80 5427 14 1 90 NEW YORK, March 1. Daytona and this place, in honorof the butter is made on the farm. The

6187 16 1 65 5705 7 2 05 Good demand market advancing; her aunt, Mrs. Brooks. The cen- rice straw is used for feed; all this can
6860 7 1 50 7535 28 200 1.80 to 2.50. E. L. GOODSELL.ST. .
brights, tre piece the table block of be seen within ten miles of San Mateoon
on was a
6772 25 2 00 6772 28 2 10 the line of the S. A. & H.-San
ice in the heart of which
6768 20 215 6781 32 115 Louis, Feb. 28. was a lovely
6781 24 160 5717 32 190 Florida, extra fancy, 2.75 to 3.25; do. bouquet of violets and fern leaves Mateo Item.
5846 21 1 35 5846 46 1 55 brights, 2.25 to 2.75; do. russets, 2.00 to while around the base were banked .

1267 18 2 15 2492 19 1 55 2.25; California Riverside, 2.50; do. violets and fern leaves in the wildest FORIndigestion DYll'EPfill,
4220 13 2 10 5717 2 2 60 Washington Navels, 3.75 to 4.00; Mes- and Stomach diiorj Us,use
5846 1 260 1267 3 2 85 sina, 300 size, per box, 2.25 to 2.50; do., profusion and at the plate of each BROWN'S IRON BITTERS.
2492 1 2 70 4220 1 1 15 200 size, 2.25 to 2.50. guest was a bouquet of the same flowef. All dealers keep It.SI per bottle. Genuine has
1419 8 2 00 1419 4 3 20 Grape fruit-Light offerings and good Only a visit to our hammock groves trade-mark and crossed red lines on wrapper.
1419 5 4 55 demand at 2.75 to 3.00 per box. could explain the enormous displayof -+o fAll

Cincinnati Fruit Aution House for F. Strawberries-Small receipts and good this modest flower.-Halifax Jour- Matter Was Once Mineral.
F. E., Feb. 24: demand at 60 to 70c. per quart.
nal. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
DR 5 160 1KB 5 180 Pineapples-Fair offerings of exceptionally -
fine There are three sources of exhaustion
stock, but medium in size.
MHVMHV 20 3 35 MHV 26 3 40 Two weeks ago yesterday duringthe
Demand was good at 3 to 3.50 dozen..
2 265 7606 5 2 30 consisted per strong wind that blew nearly all viz.: Crops,leaching and evapora-
7606 6 2 80 7606 6 1 70 Cabbage-j-Offerings largelyof fire the tion. What shall we add to the soil to
California, very little of Northern or day some person set to grass
7606 13 180 7606 8 180
7606 5 190 7606 12 1 45 Eastern arriving. Demand was good for back of Lake George landing. With make crops? In what forms shall we

7606 10 1 75 7606 10 1 80 all packed choice California offerings and, while Southern leafy and was loose slow fearful rapidity the fire swept throughthe apply these food elements so as to avoid
7606 22 170 7606 10 180 ; woods licking all before it
sale. The range was: Choice Northernand and evaporation? What is it
7606 10 1 85 7606 16 1 80
arid into the owned
Eastern, 24.00 to 25.00 ton; Cali- grove
7606 7606 11 15 1 185 90 7606 7606 14 5 2 1 90 15 fornia, 1 to l%c. per lb.; Southern per 1.25 by Mrs. Dr. Hill and destroyed all that evaporates? What is it that

7606 19 160 7606 10 190 to 1.50 per crate. On orders the billing the fences and more than 200 bear- leaches? Can we claim exhaustion

7606 10 1 80 7606 17 1 80 and price 2.50 was 2.50 barrel to 2.75 for per red.crate for green ing trees before it could be checked.By when the elements have formed insoluble -
7606 15 190 7606 10 190 per f
a effort the hammock
Sweet Potatoes-Fair offerings of great grove combinations or reverted?
20 190 7606
19 195
Southern, which sold in lots at 2.25 and others between it and the river
7606 6 2 20 7606 1 1 75 per but this of
Practically we can, phase
barrel. Home-grown on orders billed were saved. The loss is a great one,
out 2.75 to 3.00 barrel. the must over for the
HOME MARKET SALES. per and many years will be required to question we pass

There was a decided improvement in Mineral leaches
matter at
Jacksonville,-Feb. 29,1482 boxes, aver- the foreign fruit trade during the past produce such trees as those des present.
age $1.27: week. Oranges were especially in requestand troyed.-Orange City Times. once, organic matter never until it is

Lemons... .. .. ... . . 2.10 although there was but a slight ad- reduced by decay to the mineral.
Navels......... .. ..... 2.20 to 3.00 vance to note, sales were quite free and The Heather Island property, ten Need I tell you that in the beginningof
Grape fruit,... ..... .... ....1.25 to 2.00 demand good from all classes of buyers. miles east of Ocala, on the Ocklawaha the world all was mineral. Vegetation
Fancy Tangerines..5.85 The California orange does not move. river, has been sold to Charles W. the smallest
Indian River.. .. ... ...... .. 1.55 to 1.65 however, like the Florida article, being White sole purchaser of Citra for slowly crept up from
Bright.. ..................1.05 to 2.00 too thick skinned and tart to suit the grass up to the giant forest trees.
Drops and culls...... .. .. .. 30 to .75 average buyer. P. M. KIELY & Co. $250,000. The property consists These took from the air and combinedwith
Same, March 2, 667 boxes: + 4000 acres of hammock land and the mineral and formed organic

Navels.. .. .f ..... .... ... .. 3.60 Honduras Rice. orange groves. In oranges there are matter. In this process of forest
:Mandarins .. .... .. .. .... 1.75 to 4.15 230 acres in age from 4 to 6 years.
Lemons..... ..... .. .. .. ..1.55 to 2.05 Mr. C. F. Belden, of Oakland's There are twenty acres in lemon trees growth no evaporation or leaching can
Grapefruit.. .. ... .. .. .1.80 Jersey Farm, St. Tammany parish, old. The owners who sold be considered. No, sir, stick a pin
Brights and russets ......... 85 to 1.55 near Covington has brought to the 3 years there! A hint to the wise. I have not
T. W.
were Strange, Wilmington,
finished this
E. L. Goodsell 1225 boxes, average, Signal Office a magnificent specimenof N. C.; the Fairbanks, of St. Johns- subject.WM.. P. NEELD.

$1.89, New York, Feb. 24: Honduras rice, the stalks' being bury Vt., of scale fame, and Hon. .
Tangerines, halves..2.55 to 2.70 nearly six feet high, the ears well fur- John F. Dunn, of Ocala. To show
Brights.......... .. .. .. .... 1.45 to 2.80 nished and the grains as clear and White's faith in the future of the Work, rest and recreation are essen-
Russets. ... .... .. .. .. .1.35 to 2.55 flinty as crystal. The soil the rice industry and the safe and tial to health. An excess of either is
Same, 1400 boxes, 1.70 Feb. orange injurious.
average ,
26: grew upon was two years ago a pine legitimate profits attached to it he is

Tangerines, halves .. .. 3.30 forest, showing what St. Tammany now interested in over $500,000

Navels.... .... .. .. .. .... 2.85 uplands can produce. The rice was worth of orange grove property CONSUMPTION
Brights... ...... .... .. ..1.25 to 2.30 not flooded, but was grown on drained bought within a year.-N Capitol. ,
Russets.. .. ........ .. .. ... .1.20 to 2.05 land. Planters whose land is subjectto I hare a positive remedy for the above disease;by ltd
Snow & Co., Boston, Feb. 26: drouth might well experiment with Less than two years ago Mr. Thos.H. use thousands of case of the wont kind and of longstanding

Navels...... .... .. ... .... 3.50 to 3.87 the rice the of which is commenced to clear hare been cored. Indeed so strong!.my fait
hardy yield Hastings in its e2cacy,that I will send TWO BOTTLES razz anh
Grape fruit........ .. .. 1.25 to 3.50 in miles of I a VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to any suf.ferer
Brights.... ... ... .. ... .. .. .1.15 to 2.25 estimated at twenty barrels to the the land, putting many who will send me their Express and P.O.address
Russets. .. .. .. ... .... ... .1.05 to 2.25 acre.-Item. ditches. A large artesian well sup I T. A. filocum M. C., 183 Pearl St., N. Y.





Our young Folios\ '! NEW KODAKS. the result! of last year's crop raised by

pate ens. E B. Woodberry of Gadsden county.

.., The total number of acres plantedwas
How the Indians Lived. -- -- -
Mr. Ward, of Winter Park, pick d eighteen, divided as follows :

The Indians had very little furniture. 100 quarts of strawberries from his You the 8J acres in tobacco ((6,000 pounds at 40
There were a few mats and skins for bed press ,
cents) f 00
ding. Some tribes had for householduse beds at that place Wedn .\ :iay: fortyof 4 acres in corn ((120 bushel l at 50 cents) 2,400 60 00
wooden vessels which they made by which were used at tr*: ;?]Jnquet of bullclf, l acre in sugarcane ((12 barrels.360 gal.

burning and scraping out blocks of wood, the New England Society at the Semi in Ions bottles at 50 cents and -in this that syrup' way was sold put at up 50

little by little, with no other tools than nole. we do tht rest. cents per gallon) ... ... ..... iso 00
shells or sharp stones. These Indians s i acre 01 .melon........................ 75 oo3J4
Editor Williamson of Inverness is acres of sweet potatoes ((150 buvhels
cooked their food into ,
by putting water
Seven ,
j> e:\ and Sizes from 2 acrts-\y acrrs the potatoeswere
their wooden kettles and then throwing succeeding admirably in having the ALLLOAIIKO WITH Transparent Films. left in the field for the hogs)..... 60 oo
in heated stones. When the stones had $50,000 worth of stock of the Sell at For Rule by all Photo. lock Lrttilt.'ff' .

made the water hot, they put in it whatever Home Orange Market Association THE EASTMAN COMPANY, Total expenses for the year..........$ ,5t8 00 CIO
they wished to cook. Other tribes
knew how to make pots of earthenware; taken. Already $40,000 of stock has !Send' for r-Htalogue. Ro11F TER N. Y Profit on 18 acres .... .......-....... 12.257 00

and yet others cut them out of soapstone. been subscribed for. and instead of seven acres in grove, I Besides the above, Mr. Woodberrykilled
Vessels bf pottery and soapstone could be We notice that farmers of the farm
set over the fire. Often fish and meat many are there are less than five acres. The 500 pounds pork ;

were broiled on sticks laid across above protecting their crops Irom rabbits and fruit was sold for $1.39 delivered on furnished: a quantity of chickens, eggs,

the fire; green corn was roasted under other small animals by the use of the cars, and the cost of gathering, milk and butter not included in the

the ashes, as were also squashes and fences of wire netting. Maj. Adams packing and placing on cars was 35 nbove. About $75 worth of tobacco

various roots. Indian corn put into a informs us that he sold $300 worth of cents, netting $1.04 box on seed was not included.Mr. .
per an
mortar and pounded into meal was mixed
with water and baked in the ashes, or this netting one: morning last week, to average yield of about 420 boxes per Denby has about the finest let-

boiled in a pot. Sometimes the meal be used almost entirely for that pur acre, and a net profit per acre of $435. tuce in the State, we presume. How

was parched and carried in a little bag, to pose.-Braidentown Journal.Lee This on pine land. Does it pay to it could be any better, it would be
be eaten on a journey. A few tribes I
near to salt springs had salt; the rest used Dade and Monroe counties, grow orangesOviedo Chronicle.The difficult to imagine. Each head is al-

leaves of several sorts for seasoning.For which form the extreme southern end people of Florida are tired of most perfect, is well grown .and has

tilling the ground the Indians had of Florida, are the only counties in the various schemes that have been the sheen of green velvet. In one

rude tools; their hoe was made bv attaching the state, we believe, where bearing advanced for advertising the State. place, four immense beds 500 feet

flat to a stink a piece of deer's horn or cocoanut palms are to be found. Northof When a farmer at Tropic realizes $600 long and about twelve feet wide, covered
shoulder blade bone of an animal, or
the shell of a turtle, a bit of wood, or a these counties this tender tropical ,I per acre on his vege'able crop, and a with cloth and oil paper to protect -

the stone. They raised Indian corn, palm is merely an exotic. Lee countycan pineapple planter at Eden gets$1, 100 them in case of a freeze, showedthe

beans, squashes and tobacco. They pre- also boast of two extensive ham from one acre of pineapples, and whena most beautiful regularity of lettuce
pared the ground by girdling the trees mocks of the of Cuba.-
so Royal palm grower of oranges at Rockledge gets I heads, but one or two, here.and there,
kill them
as to sometimes burned
the trees down.; Some tribes they had rude Ft. Myers Press. a check for $1,600 ret for four hun having been lost, so that it would

axes for cutting small trees; these were Mr. C. L. Wilson, of Homeland, dred boxes 6f oranges, shipped last seem one solid bed looked at casually.

made of stone. The handle of the stone has just purchased a crusher and will week, the publication of these facts in In other places the lettuce is out of

axe was formed by tying a stick to it, or grind up the soft bone phosphate on the Brevard County pamphlet will have the covers and unprotected from

by twisting a green withe about it. his place to use in its raw state around more to do in stimulating immigrationto Irosts. It is not quite so large and
Sometimes an Indian would split a
growing young tree and put the axe open into fruit trees. He will use horse power Florida than a six months' .exhibit shows the effect of cold weather.

the cleft; when the tree had grown fast and can grind about five tons per: day. at the World's Fair and the cost will But, as someone remarked, "It

around the axe he would cut it down and His phosphate is of a high grade and, be less than one tenth.-Indian River is still good to look at. Mr.

shorten dle. The it to Indians the proper had length iron.for a han in most instances, will take the placeof Advocate. I Denby expects to get about 500
no expensive commercial fertilizers. barrels of lettuce from his entire
they had pieces of bone, sharp : The old wrecks of wagons to be crop
stones and shells. Bartow Courier-Informant. and the most of it will average abdit
seen rotting by the wayside all
The Indian procured fire by twirling Director Vason of the Experimental upon $5 a barrel. What do farmers of
the roads into Monticello
the end of a stick against another pieceof leading Alachua think of this ? And what do
Farm of the State Normal
annex used to rob the lands of that ''which
wood. To
give this twirling stick a
those who farming in other Statesin
quick motion, he wrapped a bowstringabout and Industrial College for Colored rightfully belonged to them, tell the
lettuce think of it? There is much
it. and then drew the bow swiftly Students, visited the farm Tuesdayand in mute eloquent language of
story ,
to and fro. fine cabbage and strawberries in this
brought in a buggy load of immense '

at l least of the of ruin
The most remarkable product of In- white Norfolk turnips whichhe one causes our farm, but the lettuce leads them all.-
and Henceforth let there be I'
dian skill was the canoe; this was madein a I Gainesville Sun.
some tribes by burning out a log little distributed among the different public sentiment that will point the .
by little, and scraping the charred parts State officials as an object lesson ol finger of scorn and ridicule at any I
with shells, until the "dug-out" canoe what is being done in the way ol farmer who will haul off his cotton I, Any land that is rich enough to

was sufficiently deep and rightly shaped. scientific farming.-Floridian. seed not the but the bear forty bushels of corn to the acre
only cheapest
Many canoes made in this way without is rich
any other tools than shells and sharp A number of people who have best fertilizer in the world, and abso enough grow grapes.

stones, would carry from twenty to forty shipped fruit Northward this winter lutely needed to keep up his worn and Hereford's Acid. .

men. The Northern tribes constructed a will probably lay complaint before the w.sted land.-Monticello Constitu Phosphate,
A Health Tonic.
more beautiful canoe of white-birch
Interstate Commission. The tion.
bark stretched on slender wooden ribs, chargesfor Used in place of lemons or lime

and sewed together with roots and fibres. freight Northward are entirely too In one of our exchanges we find juice it will harmonize with such stimulants -
S'toh en noes were made water-tight by great. Our Congressmen could do
the following tabulated statement of as are necessary to take.DijUviOi .
the use of gums. more good for the State of Florida in

Among the Indians the hardest work having the freight matter adjustedthan
fell to the
women. Hunting gamblingand
in anything else ol ordinary in
making war were the occupationsof
the men. The male Indian was from terest at present. It is a pressing

childhood trained to war and the chase. I matter detrimental to Florida. Lake: DfiS

Game and fish with such fruits nuts City Reporter.The .
and roots as grew wild in woods and
the holding on to corn is the finan ,
swamps, were principal dependenceof
the Indians for food. As they suffered cial secret in Middle Florida. Either 'p4iBrilliant !

from hunger and misery.the drive it oft on foot or hold it until -.,"_" :::.

population cf the country was always next April and May and receive $1.25 Durable ;
thin.Moreover a bushel. Selling it at gathering time ,
the continual wars waged
between the various tribes, in which for 40 cents a bushel never will make 'a Economical !

women and children as well as men were a fat pocketbook. Put every foot of

slain, kept the red men from increasing soil can tend into corn and hold
In numbers. Large tracts of countrywere you Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength, Purity, and Fastness. None other are
for the April market. Sive the fod-
left uninhabited because tribes at just as good. Beware of imitations, because they are made of'cheap and inferior materials
I der for the hundred and
$i price
war dared not live near to one another, per and give poor, weak, crocky colors. To be sure of success use only the DIAMOND DYES
for fear of surprise. In all the i you will have a good thing.Floridian. -
country for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yams, Carpets, Feathers, Ribbons, &c., &c. We warrant
east of the Mississippi river there were .
but a few bundled thousand people; them to color more goods package for package, than any other dyes ever made, and to give

hardly moro than there are: in one of our Butler Boston, the bright young more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.

smallest State:, and not enough, if they colored m.iti 1.1 ciur0c uf 1)r.l ) Atkin read postal for i:ye Book,Sample Card,directions var corH"! M1 tos.,n-Mn; ? the finest Ink or Bluing
had all been brought together, to make a son's grove, iuiurui us that he madea (10 cents a quart), etc. So'J by Diu 6'sts. A.u rc.H

the large United city.-States.From Eggleston's History o( mistake in the figures given ot this WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Burlington, Vt. .

... grove; last week. Instead of 2,265
--* For CIldinq or Bronzing ; Cold. Silver Brenze,
BEKCHAM'S rILLS cures Sick-Headache. boxes, the correct number is 2,064, Fancy Articles USA: DIAMOND PAINTS Copper. Only IO Cents.

-' ''-'





mistaken one, in many cases the I flour over the oranges before you roll I 45 sold in '88

Our Dural Jionie strained muscles and nerves that: have it' together:) I 2,288 sold in '89

.. caused so much misery will be felt to I Now, my John thinks this is just 6,268 sold in '90
relax and soothe themselves out deliciously delicious. I wish someone: who uses
Burdette Rule.I '
on Living by I
sold in 91
and very frequently the pain my recipes would report how they 20,049 $,'
don't know that it is possible t<) < will be sold ln'
promptly vanishes in con-equence. f like them!;: Jor I would not take upI 60,000
divide the day into sections and as Every woman know the aching face the roomMt 0fey are not liked. But 1 Steel Windmill! and Stael) JIf

sign certain duties to certain hours,I and neck generally bruught home from I f will stop now and go and make a CF Tower: These every figures 3 minutes.tell tho L_. J. -"
without variation, writes Robert J., I short cake for the children story of tho: ever-growing,
hard and from as
a day's shopping long supper ever-going, everlasting f ...:t.
Burdette in the March Ladies' Home round of calls and afternoon teas. come home from school hungry and Steel Ac r motor. Where y
one others follow, o
, Journal. Even the mariner's com She regards with intense dissatis'actiun John from his business as hungry as and wo goes*take the country." I n i'g;s 1 .......
has to have a little allowance_, ":bOQ$ call.we were unable f make all or I 0 "'"
pass lines drawn around her of them. Yours "OD
the ..
heavy any the JO M3 JLermotors In 91. Orders often .1... ,a r-
iron bound schedule is waited 8 weeks to be filkd,but now we but .
Living by pos FLORIDA COOK. (t g i It.
eyes and mouth by the long strain on Tastiy Increased our plant and are prepared 21: !w tC:
sible only at school, in the penitentiary .. 0 promptly to plant our Increase! Inrery b ,$
the facial muscles, and when she must habitabla port4n.1 tile:10110./ .-. &n' 1.D. .
and some painfully well-regu. Are yon canvas to know how the ACT" g!
Colds.In .
carry that worn countenance to some motor Co.fQ toe 4ih rear cf It* 14M. o"N,!.2
lated homes. One time I resolved tI en e. t'Uleo cake many trmes as S-_;_
dinner or evening's amusement families i is
party ; there scarcely a
some many wlndmlll3 as all othermakerseomb'nednowwecame i-:;It N
live by rule. I made the rules myself s=It
it robs her of all the pleasure to be had E.
so as not to them too hard. week during the year when all the orlirtnat. the Steel Wheel, the g1"1:
get in it. Cosmetics the St el Steel
I are not cure, nor O.JC Fixed Twwcr tao TUtiun: ap'o
I wrote a fora month ahead. members are free from colds. Duringthe 3 c TowerrW C
program bromides or the many nerve sedatives 2: lt. TVe commenced ia a field laO S;::S w..
I went to bed that night with such a to be had at the drug shop. Here autumn and winter, colds. are considered ***tJ* which...JU /0"there if had yrart.been and no In tutuie,..h".1a- to::;t.ji.D"-.::
conceited feeling of condescending of and 3 O there seemed no talent matter
g as a course
I again: the sponge and hot water are ; o audnonehayctl eenshow'ieccptg a 1: "
goodness that I either forgot to say dvistd by the writer quoted, bathingthe unless unusually severe, no attentionis go>0 I.e..Wa Inventions.S imitation. : of our .'O.J e.:.:8

my prayers, or thought that in the face in water as hot as: it can pos- paid to them. W:' **d. Before, eXh"ubti commrnelnj Kien the "F'maaaractnre o ::;y
case of such a superior man they were be borne the Now such a state of things. is unnecessary rC tiflo investigatiun. ...d evpcrl / !'N S'
sibly apply
; sponge meat
O: were male by a skilled Z.B
neither expected nor required, I have and over again to the temples, throat and is an evidence of care E u 3 over mechinical 5.00J djn.rn:::inwr mooict. in la which tt>u v\\ rg: :=-

forgotten which. Six A. M. was the and behind the ears, where most of lessness or mismanagement. More *O?d Q w or"b\oel.JWOr.eUedbl.utiUcI&re made on Cl diffrrcntf)run.}.. c f os ianI ;$
hour set down on my program at the and muscles of the head over, a constant succession of colds '2i therefore unitor-n wind, ai. -roN
nerves 5 which settled dvGulte'y Biany.f .1.It..I: t';;::
which all the clocks in the world were centre, and then bathe the face in will, in time, almost surely result in -"' ..questionr.-Ulln Ip..>ed Motlicfr bt.2i'I"rm ptr: ,-'t_:.'J21..:Y"c.-: 7..0.
to strike the hour of the new era, and cold from the faucet. catarrh or consumption. Hence great i2 r *nle,curvature.and tine art of iil inrface. the retlita -
water running a once of a''r to rot tton, obstructions la th whet, dock u
I the solar system was to begin runningon Color and smoothness of outline precautions should be taken to avoid c f .heavy wooden arm, obstruction before the Wheel, U In
...a t'te vancl"mill, and ma' j other more abttmtc,ihocgti
my schedule I think perhapsthe to the face astonishing fresh the causes of colds; and a mother C) .. not lean Important questions. These Investlga-
turn an
r $ tlons proved that tho power of the best
new timecards didn't reach some ness and comfort results, and, it followed ought never to feel easy while her ? wind wheels could be doubled, and theo
of the outlying planets. At'an children from them. It AERMOTOR dally: demonstrates It has
) by a nap of ten minutes, all are suffering o 3 been done.
rate some mortal came, to has been said that half the diseases ; O :3d. To the liberal. ,policy.. of the ArrmobT Co that*naranood >
person my trace of fatigue vanishes.-Heahh c:t tee1Ir.l'!' .alt fet rv or part frei atboili ways,and M
E .. thacuirra"as ou put of its fvcturr bich enable it to far
bedroom door at and from colds. Whetherthis
7.45 A. M., sug- and Home. come neglected a :3: III h the hcH article attest:>an the poorest l Is roll fur. For
gested that cold coffee and muffins .-.-* be true or not, we all know that n C j o'ln ITJi vr a L windmill furnish the, and most have perfect made in bearings exhaustive ever re-pet

would be served after 8 o'clock. I Orange Short-Cake. many diseases begin with a cold. e. o vision of the Acrmotor and Towers.

arose without remark and dressed on For Our Rurat Home. Over heated room; careless venti-- 0 44 d winsthetoweryoud?"u'tllorewl: bttbeSteelTIlting(
o g Tower)and the Wheel that runs when all othrri stand nil
"72's" time. The bright smile that 'Tis some time since I have invaded lation ar.d exposure to draughts ; lackof E. th tt costs v.a li-n than wo<'4 a>.d huts Un times a* b'ogI.
JJ'Tne( Steel<<: Aermotor or Ir 1"u wait:: hand Acrirotor to
was scheduled to precede my benevo- I exercise, of baths: or of proper 0 0), churn, trindeut feed pump water, turn c indatone and
your sanctum but will give you a short Q saw wood, that does the w>rkrf 4 borne* at the cod :orv
lent-looking countenance into the food; sitting in a warm room without I ID one $100)' ),write for eoplonlr.. !la! .trated piloted matter,
for I indebted x showing eoncrfv M rhavf windmill roontrnctloaa'nl
call this time feel to .c every
breakfast-room had been side-tracked .
removing outside wraps-all theseare W'I-t t/>the AlZn MOTOR CO.lrthaadBock.
Brother Campbell for his recipe for weU SU.. Chicago or 11"..;.n t.. -i VrnnciJco
somewhere and in its I
place wore frequent causes; of colds. Persons
for a headlight an expression of coun- Pounded Biscuit," yet I have not who are carerul to live day by day. in Hatch Chickens by Steam.
tried them but will in the future.I .
tenance. It is not necessary to accordance with the laws of health .ir IMPROVED EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR
I think I shall take other time
specify which one. I also took my some the ones who have the fewest colds. : do it.Thoosands In sacoessfol oper
than the morning to make them, as 1 I l Simpltferiect awl.';"-'fr-l/-ltryulaii
place with a tone of voice which I Yet even the most prudent people are ftWW .* 1 first-clai'S Hatcher made.
grieve to say elicited comment. I will am always in too much of a hurry to I sometimes so unfortunate as to 'cjtch eggs to at batch Iw cost a larger than percentage any other.

not .follow the day's journey in detail.It stop and make biscuits lor breakfast.I ) cold.! When this has happened, v t'.erd6ctformus.Cata g. u0e1l.Z.Uw.a1acl..w.PIUNTING .

is too harrowing. But the next prefer to make griddle cakes in the prompt measures are taken, the cold

morning I started all right; arly morning, and here I will give you a may still be broken up, instead of al OFFICE .

rising, leisure toilet, moment of tranquil recipe for lowing it to rUn its courseA

meditation, bright smile, cheerful AN ORANGE SKO&TCAKE wise treatment is to soak the feet

voice and all; got through breakfastlike which Brother C. can try if he likes in hot water in which a little! mustardhas \

a seraph and went to my lair to and report how he likes it. Take one been dissolved. The room shouldbe FO i .SALE. '

write from that 'new inkstand," quart fl mr, sifted, add two heaping warm, the patient well protected,

thinking how pleased my editor wouldbe teaspoonfuls Royal baking powder, and a blanket or com"ortable wrapped

to see my "copy" on time, unless half teaspoon salt, stir well and sift around the tub and over the knees to ;.fo .

he should fall dead from amazement. two or three times. Then with a knife prevent the escape of the steam. As .

I Somebody thundered the forbidden cut through the flour a lump of butteras soon as the (foot bath is over, the pa-. > 1 .

knock at my door. "Have you for- large as a large hen's egg, till well tient should take hot lemonade, flaxseed r[ have had placed in my hands

gotten that you lecture in Faraway ncorporated. Then add sweet milk or_ginger tea, and.go at once to
/' Furlong to-night? Twenty minutesto enough to make a thick dough, just bed. The: next morning he should and offer for sale a

train time!" I packed my valiseas hard enough 10 roll out on the board, dress in a warm room, first rubbing

men bale hay, caught the train, i sprinkle the board with flour and mixas himself thoroughly with a crash towelor

didn't get hcme again that month, I little as possible to make it smooth, bath mitten till he feels a glow of

and if my editor fell dead I got a and roll out a half inch thick. Have warmth. These measures, followed Complete printing QHicB.JJt;::F;'

posthumous letter from him that made ready four oranges pared and slice on by care in the avoidance of exposure %

my hair curl for a week. I don't your dough, keeping out the rough for a day or two, will often prevent .

want any more letters from dead part of the orange; add a few bits of weeks of discomfort and suffering. ON EASY TERMS. ::

editors live ones are bad enough, but butter and a handful of sugar and The following is an excellent recipefor \i.'*

the dead ones fairly howl. ro'l l up and pinch the ends well to-

-t-tx-4- gether, and put in a deep bake dish FLAXSEED TEA: OYLIN1; >EU PRESS, TWO JOlt nESSES

Sponging Out a Headache. and sprinkle over another handful of Cut one lemon into slices and
I In case of the ordinary nervous sugar and a few bits of butter. Adda squeeze all the juice from another, .

headache from which women suffer so half teacup of water and put in the then add half a cup of sugar. Pour a

much, says an authority, remove the oven to bake.It pint of boiling water on. two table-
dress waist, knot the hair high upon will take about 20 minutes to spoon'uls of whole flaxseed and let

the head out of the way, and, while bake it.Vhen done it should swimin it boil -twenty' minutes. Strain it, Further information
leaning over the basin, place a sponge a dressing it has made from the boiling hot, into the lemon and sugar

soaked in hot water as hot as can be juice of the oranges, etc., but if there and stir thoroughly.-Orchard and

b"rnc, on the hack of the neck. i is not sufficient dip for it add a littlem Garden.If Chas. W. DaCosta

Repeat this many times, also applyingthe ->rc suiar and water and dredge ina ,
flour thicken. I almost the W011-h of au.t thmg i 5 is; proven Wit results
sponge behind the ears, and, little to ((0, .
Boll's is
I then surely Dr. Covgh Syrap preeminently
if the assertion of the writer is not a forgot to tell you to dredge a little the beet Cough Sjmpnew extent JACKSONVILLE FLA.

< :" 4MAItc113




Fiber Plants, acteristics, are to be found throughoutthe peasantry are all negroes will result in a piece of land of a given size, called
West Indian Islands. A gentleman an overgrowth of suckers and the a "task of land," is the usual method.
Sisal in the Bahamas. in Jamaica, with five hundredacres poling of mature plants till nothing In clearing brushland in the Bahamas, I
Hemp : prepared for hemp planting, re short of absolute clearing and startinganew one-fourth of an acre is a task. When, I
On Inagua Island, the most southern cently showed me the plants which he will save the farms. There is at last, all the clearing and plantinghas I

of the Bahamas group, there is a proposed to use, and which he imagined ; no cultivation where system and per been done and thousands upon

stone building known as the salt house, to be good Sisal. They were the severance are more necessary to suc- thousands of perfect plants, in absolute
valueless Keratto, the leaves of which cess. The dropping of the seed froma symmetry of arrangement, with
under the ample roof of which fre-
quently sounds the clatter of a vigorous might deceive any but an expert, but single "pole," if not watched and unbroken ranks, their rich green show-
donkey engine. Entering the which upon being cleaned produce a attended to immediately, will produce ing no blemish, stretch before the eye,
fibre weak that its cultivation wouldbe little hun the if he
so spears enough to destroy a spectator ( happensto
building, the first sight to meet the
dred and I have have financial interest in the
utter folly. plants, frequentlyseen a plan-
is a heap of sharp pointed, deep
eyes dozen suckers around tation feels that there is
PRODUCTIVENESS.A a start up ) a beauty apart
leaves which a is feeding
green negro
full Sisal plant has sixtyto and under the leaves of their parent. from mere picturesqueness.OUTLOOK. .
one by one, into a rapidly revolving grown
eighty leaves, growing arounda After such crowding, the leaves wouldbe .
machine. At his right lies a pile ot great
long, powerful fibre, such as is used common center, which incline froma worthless, even could they be The present boom in Sisal in the
in rope making. Near by is a cart group of upright, undeveloped ones reached; but no man, unless arrayedin Bahamas, although, like all excite
into which a boy is throwing the vege- in the middle of the cluster to an outer metal armor strong and stout enoughto ments of the kind, doomed, without
circle that is nearly horizontal. Many withstand the thrust of steel, wouldbe considerable in
table waste or pulp which he gathers doubt, to depression
from beneath the machine. This ba leaves measure over six feet in length, so foolhardy as to attempt to pene- the future, will not be without benefi-

gasse, as it is called, is wet with sap, but the average length of the ;"ripe" trate such a growth. What I want to cial results. Even with the great fallingoff
and so strongly acid as to kill other ones, as already stated, is four and a impress is the fact that without that in enthusiasm which the next two

vegetable growth with which it may half feet. The average number of patient and systematic care, which Ii or three years are likely to bring, there
be brought in contact. The fibre is leaves which may be procured from have no where observed as character- will remain a new industry, a source
each plant annually i is over forty, istic of the unled negro, a field of Sisalis
the product, the bagasse the refuse of greater prosperity to a people who
(as yet unused) of the sisal leaves. I being in excess of the Yucatan pro. as valueless as a field of mullein.THE have been for many years almost in-

These are about four feet and a halt duction. The separation of the leaf HARDINESS OF THE SISALis active.-EDGAR MAYHEW BACON.

in length, averaging lunger than do from the plant is made with a knife something wonderful. It grows beston .
the leaves of the same plant grown in near the base, and ripe leaves may be lands which seem good for nothingelse. OUR FORESTS.

Yucatan. At the base, where they cut from two-and a half years old Rock land, where the hardy Destruction of Florida Pines.
have been cut, they are thicker than aman's plants, although the length of time sage, the sword plant or cactus crowd
hand, and from three and a hall required for maturity differs in different the stunted, gnarled hardwood trees; That eminent authority on American
to five inches in breadth, running from localities. One cutting does not exhaust where the fissures in the sun-hardened I forestry, Prof. Sargent, writes on this

. this to a point so fine and hard that it the plant. It may be stripped limestone are filled with a dry, sandy subject in the last issue of Garden and

can be used as a stiletto. The edgesare annually, or even more frequently, for soil, and hardly a barrelful of that to Forest in a gloomy strain :
and when it shows the will Sisal. If hard "The picture which appears on
armed with sl'ght spiny ser twenty years, signof acre, produce
rations. An att nd -nt with knife age may be replaced by a sucker, pushed it will grow in the air, without another page of this issue represents a
and maul removes the sharp points, of which the careful Sisal cultivatorwill soil. I have twelve living plants whichI scene familiar enough now to the inhabitants -

crushes the thick ends, and divides be sure to have a nursery full for kept shut up for eighteen months in a of central and of some partsof
each- lea! longitudinally. Each strip such emergencies. The propagationof cigar box without light, air or water. Northern Florida, and to the thou
the Sisal is either suckers. But such will result in sands who visit the State every winter
is led, by the negro in charge, by seeds or growth as a
into the mouth of his machine, The latter spring up around the marketable commodity is a different and spring A similar scene now
through which it is carried half its mature plants constantly and shouldbe matter. That requires a soil not too meets the eye on the shores of many

length by the rapidly'revolving cylin carefully removed because they sap rich, which induces fatness and loss Florida streams and lakes, from which
the forests of have been
der. It is then drawn out, which the life of the parent and also for the of fibre, nor too poor or the plant original pine
scrapes the bagasse Irom it. Revers reason that they are most valuable for grows dwarfed. The ground must not pretty generally stripped. On the leftot
the picture be seen a specimenof
ing the strip, the operation is repeatedand replanting. When plants remain uncut be too wet or too dry. may
the result, a long, white "switch"of for too long a time, a huge flower stalk When the right spot has been found; the long-leaved pine, so small and
stunted that it has the
fibre is added to the pile already shoots up from the centre to the heightof when the selection of seeds or suckers, escaped axe of
lumbermen and the hatchet of the
noticed. The fibre is now washed in eighteen feet. After having flow- the preliminary preparation, has been
. salt water (which gives better results ered and matured its seeds, the plant accomplished; then, the turpentine-worker. On the right
stands a and vigorous tree of
than if fresh is used after invariably dies. young
the pine of tropical America which
which the hanks in hastens retards the work of ,
are hung a drying PLANTING. or prepar-
botanists call Pinus Cubensis. Between -
house, or better still, in the sun till Experienced growers use six hun- ing the ground for the reception of the the two pines rises the slenderstem

perfectly dry, when the material is dred and fifty plants to the acre, in plants. Of course there is no winter; of the palmetto. The
ready for baling and shipment. An rows eleven feet by six feet distant no frost or cold to contend with; no pines which on the two young sidesof
old'turtle tank or "crawl," cut out of from each other. This will give room blizzard to calculate for. But thereare the picture appear are seedlings of Pinus

the soft calcareous rock, with a small for the laborers to walk between the rainy and dry season:. One must Cubensis, while the ground is covered
hole in the wall which divides it from calculate that the
rows without being wounded by the so necessary burningof with the dwarf saw-leafed palm, which
the ocean, so that the tide can flow in terrible which like a cluster of cut brush and trees will not occur
spurs clothes, with the aid of its spreading
and makes excellent basin for when the fires liable be
out, an keen make each are to extinguished -
spears, plant a menaceto root-stocks, the sandy Florida soil as
rinsing the fibre. the Besides this the closer by the violent down pour of
unwary. soon as the forest is cut away.
THE HEMP PLANT. planting would result in the piercingof the "winter" rains, nor the planting "In this picture appear three of the

Sisal closely resembles the manilla innumerable leaves every time the delayed until the dry months interfere most interesting trees of the American

hemp of the Spice and Philippine wind blew, and the consequent destruction with the advance of the young! plants. forest. The palmetto is the most

Islands, when prepared for market of much fibre. Stabs and CLEARING THE LAND. northern in range of really arborescent

and is not unlike it when growing.In bruises mean discoloration, and the All the ground is gone over first palms, a true type of the vegetation of

Yucatan they are generally knownas expense of sorting damaged lots apart with the machete, a long, heavy, the tropics, and the plant of all others
Hennequin. They possess in va- from the proportional loss would be an cutlass like knife, which the negro that most delights the northern eye
rying degrees the strength, length and added and not insignificant item in the uses either as a tool or weapon. All accustomed only to boreal fans of
luster of fibre upon which the market labor account of a plantation. Many trees and underbrush are cut down vegetation. The long-leaved pine rep-

value depends. The Sacqui, botani- people who have caught the "Sisal except the very large ones, which require resents the past, and the Cuban pine the
cally known as Agave fxtfi, introducedsome fever" are planting acre after acre, an axe. Then the stumps are future, of the pinebelt forests of our
years ago into Florida under the expecting nothing less than that the grubbed up so far as they are likelyto extreme southern coast. It is a la-
name*of Agave Sisalana and often farms, when planted, will take care of interfere with the work. Next, mentable fact that the longleavedpine

called Maguey, has received the themselves. fire is employed and quickly runs over is disappearing and is being replaced -
greatest attention from Mexican (Yucatan CULTIVATION.To the acres where the negroes have toiledin by less valuable species. From
) cultivators. The plant whichis be successful in this enterprise gangs with their cutlasses. In this I a time probably long anterior to the

being cultivated in the Bahamas was requires unceasing activity and care. work of clearing, women are often I arrival of Europeans on this continentthe

at first called "Pita," and, although One must be'Argus-eyed. One season found more satisfactory as laborers southern pine forests have been

greatly resembling the Sacqui, is con of poor prices, with the consequent than men, and they receive but thirtysix wasted and abused. First, the In-
sidered a superior kind. A numberof .discouragement which is apt to followin cents where the men get fifty cents. dians burned over the ground on which

more'or less worthless plants, hawing the case of nine small proprietors Few laborers are paid by the day. they grew, to clear away the under-

apparently the same general char- .out of ten, in a country where the Task work, i. e., so much for clearing growth and. ncrease their chances of


f r


., I

part of the territory occupied Setting the Plants.M. that each root has an opportunity to

: forest, a belt eighty or a hun- Haarsma's work on tobacco cul grow straight downwards. To insure
miles in width, which extends ture in Sumatra gives the following this, it is placed carefully and deliberately -
few unimportant breaks from as to the necessity of great care in in the middle of the little excavation -

Virginia to Eastern Texas, planting to keep the roots from getting prepared for its reception, the
time degenerate into a windswept cramped: ground is pressed down about it .

of shifting sand.dunes, which Young and healthy plants are slowly and lightly, and then each

; time, unless fires can be stopped, plucked from their native seed beds plant is watered.
1 spread over the whole ter for transplanting. They are pulledout >_._,

In other parts of the region of the ground with the earth cling- Prunus SImoni.

species of pines spring up. At the ing to the roots and are carefully de- One of the most promising fruits for

that is in Virginia and the posited in an upright position, in a profit is the Simoni prune (pntnus
the Loblolly or Old Field large round basket. The basket being I simoni). It has a combination of fine

of no great worth as a timber thus filled the plants are once more I qualities to recommend it. It is early,
is of immense value in the thorougly besprinkled and are taken being ready for shipment about the
of its seed to germinate in home by the coolie where the basketis middle of June. It is then a rich apricot

; or sterile soil, and of the young hung up. This work is usually yellow, but even in this immaturestate
to grow rapidly and cover the done in the morning when the dew is sweet, aromatic and palatable.

and thus prepare it in time for still lies heavy, and the transplantingtakes From this stage it ripens to a dark,

j valuable crop. Fu ther south, place in the evening of the same rich red. Shipped in its yellow state,

in Middle Florida and day.One it ripens like the Bartlett pear, in
Alabama, the long-leaved frequently sees the coolies at transit, and arrives in New York or
replaced by a more valuable work in the dim of early morning. Chicago in prime condition. It has
than the Old Field pine-the They visit their seed beds with can been successfully shipped to the cities

Cubensis! which appears in our dIes and with the most minute care named and to Liverpool by a grower

This is the most tropical drive away or exterminate bugs and I in Tulare county. The fruit is of a

American pines, and is most at worms which would feed upon the large size with a very small pitThe
i on the mountains of Honduras } oung plants. White ants and lice I flesh is a deep yellow and has a rich

4 where it forms great are dangers against which the tobacco i aromatic flavor peculiar to itself and
It occurs in several of the planter of Sumatra must be preparedto suggestive of pineapple. Mr. Moth

India Islands, on the Bahama wage a relentless war. To extermi- eral, who happened in as we write,
i and on the mainland as far nate these pests the coolies use an says : "I have sene it ripen here, andI
as the South Carolina coast. infusion called AkarTuba.The consider it the most delicious of all

it was less common in the terri holes prepared for the recep- the prune family." Professor Vick-

the United States than it i is tion of plants are carefully looked son, author of "C ilifornia Fruits,"
for now it is spreading rapidly after. Some coolies dig the holes told the writer that he thinks it the

destined, in the rotation of with their fingers and then thrust the best early prune we have. The

to play a not unimportant young plants into these holes. This prunes that reached Chicago last sea
the future of Florida forests plan is not encouraged because plantsin I son brought almost fabulous prices.
of the most beautiful and holes thus made are in danger of: Selma Enterprise.
of all the pitch pines, having their roots hampered and !!I -
showy in midwinter when finally grow up delicate and sickly. |II I Have fruit in some form on the table

i"A catkins of male flowers hang The coolie is watched to see that the every day in the year, and make the

' branches. And what is of rc.ot are in no danger of harm, and) 'nr: 'n n"o l I-re it

J"A more importance, the wood --
it produces in Florida i is! heavy,

very strong, and, except in NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT

sap wood and coarser grain, In compounding a solution a part was accidently' spilled on the hand
and on washing afterward it was discovered that the hair was completely -
inferior to that of the long removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
market and so great has been the demand that we are now introducing
; itself that if there i is
; pine so ., It throughout the world under the name of Queen' Antl-lialrlne, .
of promise or of hope in f' IT IS PERFECTLY HARMLESS AND
or in the 'future of our ; ,;. 4 SO SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT.
Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the
forests, it is that in some .f r hair disappears as If by magic without the slightest! pain or Injury whenapplied
or ever afterward. It Isunllke any other preparation ever used
parts of the country a tree fora like purpose. Thousands of LAD ES who have been annoyed
i ?=-- =Y- = with hair on their FA C>;NECK: and AHMS attest Its merits.
value, although inferior to GENTLEMEN who do not appreciate beard or halron their k,
it replaces, will probabl} -=-: find a priceless boon In Queen' Antl-Ilalrlnewhich does away
with Shaving by rendering Its future growth an utter ImpoesibUlt1
and establish itself until the: PrIce of Queen's Antl-Rafrine'1.per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxf'f postage paid by us(securely
sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plalnly. Corree-
fire shall have destroyed ponaence strictly confidential. THIS advertisement is honest and straight forward In every word and It
the elements it contains. We Invite yon to deal with us and you will find everything M repTPSented.! CUt thlsout
requires. send to-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can
register your letter at any Post Office to Insure Its safe delivery tt will pay" .:30O for any" easeof
failure or slightest Injury" to any purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed.
is harder work than ,
sweat. A11U-JIa1 e
and sell their Mends 25 Bottles of Queen'
SPEClit-To ladies who Introdut'ft among and.. __
Bottle .am
it be ter. we WIll Wltb a BILK DKES8,l ard. Extra Lar&e
pays ;. This IHow's ? of silk to elect from lent with order. flood 8alarrtor Comma.lon to"en. 1

offer One Hundred Dollars v

t for any case of Catarrh that OF

1 be Cure.cured by taking .Hall's -- FANCY POULTRY.

Toledo, Ohio.
the undersigned, have known r' all fowls sent
by express
* Cheney for the last 15 years, 1 will go at one-half the former
him perfectly honorable r ., y rates-a great saving to my cus
Y- a tomers. This is by special arrangement
transactions and finan- and is confined to
fowls from my yards.
to carry out any obligation We are the largest breeders oi
by their firm. thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
4 F -.: r Come and see our stock or send
& TRAUX Wholesale f' -
Drug- .t for our illustrated catalogue and
Toledo O. = price list of 14 van-ties.
.,. ,, ,..t Poultry supplies of all kinds.
.KINNAN & MARVIN,Whole 4.... / Incubators and Brooders, Shell
r -1 and BoneT)Mills Clover Cutters.
Druggists, Toledo, O. .. :"\.J yo Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
Catarrh Cure is taken inter- ,tfD' hens Boiled Blood and Bone to make
; lay.
acting directly upon the blood .I/ 'f<'' ..--r--K.., *
surface of the system. .: : ;
?5c. per bottle. Sold by all tSh :.; ;;f ...... E. W. AMSDEN,

i OrmondjFUr -

I -




.:..... .
'/-lj-; ; Syr .

.' .... .., -,,, .J .. ._ ::.....,.._., ." ..

TliE f AR.MER.S LLIANCE. ::. :., :


. OtJGRfl Of TtfE STATE FARMERS/ I\hhlA\ { CE RflD\ IpUSTRlflii Uio$.

_______ "
----_-- -_._ __ 10VoL

VL "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." # No. 9.

Commission Rate3. aren't kickers; we ain't built that way. case, he could remember nothing later Lake county while its general manager -

Editor Alliance Department: Neither do we wear spiked-tail coats than the act of secession, which place is justly regarded as one of the

The California Fruit Union has by and toothpick shoes.-Times. Mr.\ Richardson in the same catalogueas leading business men of South Flor-

proper representation reduced the _-. .* the Irishman who whipped the Jewin ida.-Lake Region.
for the crucifixion. He .
commissions sales middlemenfrom New Laws and New Crops. punishment
on by thought the time had arrived to make A New Ohautauqua.
10 to cent.If Again, the farmer must look after
7 per two very important announcements, The Chautauqua idea, so named
weli. Rate of interestis
this were done on our Florida legislation as one in relation to the offices at the dis from the island in New York State,
fruit and the too high, the volume of i"i
vegetables saving
posal of the third party, and how to where arrangements were first made
about the calculation below too small, and it must be taken out
as by ;; get them. First, those who hold office for the spread of an annual literary :
of the control of the hands of
and on this matter why should Florid corpo
have held office or ever
now, or ever and scientific feast taking root at
i a higher commissionthan rations and restored to the people, the
growers pay wanted an office, are absolutely and White Springs. Arrangements are
California *? pension list reduced, the free lists of
grower forever debarred from holding any being made on an elaborate scale for a
Our Florid crop yields a gross return import enlarged, the tariff reduced or office in the third party. None need series of lectures and entertainmentsto

of $5,100,000; the reduction removed entirely; salaries cut down, apply but those who don't want office, commence March 29th and con-
named would commissions freights regulated, and tax re
from every
and don't occasion.
say they on every tinue for four days. The Georgia
duced eliminated in such
$510,000 to $357,000. Then if a or a manneras
Such was the custom in New England Southern and Florida railroad is mak-
reduction is in lo allow a 2 cent business,
made per
: when Mr. Richardson boy andit mile for the
was a of
ing a rate i rz cents a
such is that of the farmer. What
freight rates from 40 to 30 cents per as is to be revived at once. As all round trip, and doubtless many will
bushel, as the Merchants' Steamer line I good will it do the South to producer
his the
speeches are prefaced by take advantage of this opportunity to
are now doing, and freight is reduced $ I 10,000,000 of products, and pay assertion that he doesn't want an see the famous resort and hear the

from $1,200,000 to $900,000, a saving out $1,310,000,000 in costs of pro '
office, the above programme explains noted men who will be on hand.
results to the,growers of$453,000, duction, interest and taxes? That is itself.
these the
Among we note followingwell
or over cent. on the way the thing is running now, so
30 per present The second announcement may be .known names: Jas. G. Blaine,
far is concerned. That I
as agriculture
expenses. This amounts to about threat the two F. Deems "Bill
regarded as a against Rev. Dr. Chas. ,
16 cents box, a sum that rapid, rigid, fearless and fair legislation I
old parties. It is this : Should the Arp," Hon. John Temple Graves
sometimes makes all the difference is demanded, there can be no
third party fail to conquer by the ballot Rev. Dr. E. W. Warren, Rev. Dr. J.
between profit and loss and the question, but that new methods, new
they are ready to resort to the bul] B. McFerren, Gov. F. P. Flemingand I
average good bearing tree would more crops, new economies and new lines let. So under certain conditions Macon
we Mr. A. A. Allen, of the ,
than pay for the fertilizers. This of industry are as rigidly and certainly
may regard war as declared.-Levy Telegraph. There will doubtless bea
would be a move in the right direc- demanded, there can be no doubt.It Times-Democrat.
tion toward is food for thought for intelli notable assemblage of people pres-
giving a stimulus to orange every ent and the occasion promises to be
farmer in the South. Reduction ,
vegetable growing.The gent
Statement Ellzey F. A. O. Store. one of great interest.Monticello
tests made already of our natu of acreage is good as far as it

ral provided the area reduced is ELLZEY, FLA., Feb. 10, 1892. Constitution.The .
phosphates, soft and hard, if ground goes, I

and calcineJ, with potash added, utilized for home profits, but reduce To Whoever May Wish to Know : Alliance Has the Sabbath. :

seem to indicate also a large saving tion in the cost of production is !
in the hitherto great cost of fertilizersto where the closest figures must be made. You will find in the following a I see in your issue of Feb. 18 that

statement of the financial settlementof Rev. B. T. Stafford of the
the extent of fully ten cents a tree. There never has been any overpro- Secretary

Can Florida growers do as the duction of cotton, never a time when the Farmers' Alliance Co operativestore South Florida Chautauqua, says, "Our

shrewd businesslike I double the amount raised was not in Ellzey : plans for an Alliance Day did not
growers of Cali
I ...........
Capital entrusted to me. >$869
fornia do, that is, combine, and then needed in the world, never a time At settlement, real estate..........$246 56 materialize and like some other good
Irom the when one would comfortablyclothe S ationery '. .. .............. 300 things had to be dropped." I am
wrest transportation compa. crop Furniture and fixtures............ 1657
nies, by taking proper and just ad all the people of this country, Accounts (insolvent)............... 4047 very glad to hear the Rev. gentleman
................ !
vantage of their position, the means 01 but conditions have made it appearso Accounts Accounts (goods solvent sold) at auction 59 25 classes it among the "good things,

existence, and no longer allow them in the world of trade. Stratagemsof and unt>lid. ...... .............. 257" also thankful for classing me among

selves to be crushed by the might financiers in the matter of the man- Goods Loss.on auctioned goods sold and at paid auction.for .......... 69 39 30 67 the big-hearted. It was that big

power of corporations into a state oi ipulation of the world's money, rapa Cash to balance.................... 368 75 heart of mine that caused me to regret

servitude and bondage, and by their city of speculation, unfair and inflexible f869-27 -$869 27My the mistake made by the committeeon

united voices no longer allow auto trade laws, have stood betweenthe check book shows that I have programme.I .
them producer and the consumer and am also sorry to see that the Rev.
crats to misrepresent as has been. paid $366 40. This leaves a balanceof
done at Tallahassee? regulated the demand and controlledthe $1.57, which I expect to pay on gentleman says the Alliance Day was
considered the committee. I had
supply for Shylock's gain. Theev by
OCATOR. [ taxes lor 1891. Every dollar entrustedto
t 'Is exist, and remedies must be applied me is hereby accounted for( and so hoped that it was an oversight and all

Apalachicola and the people living before the South can again was received by the board of direc- that was necessary was to call the at-

the The start must be made at tention of the materializing committee ;
along Apalachicola river are not tors and stockholders in mass meeting
interested in the fight now going on home, and the finish will be found in assembled. The distribution has not to the fact and it would have been

in the State anent "the fast mail service the ballot: bjjx.-Arkansaw Traveler.: j i given satisfaction in general, but was corrected. The "good man that has

for the gone wrong" looks upon the reply as
reason that down this so ordered by stockholders. I pro "
way we never hear of such a thing as Richardson at Union Alliance.Mr. tested against the manner of distribu- "an insult added to injury.
We the fact that we
a fast mail without we happen to read Otis Richardson, according to tion, but only one stockholder at that acknowledge
have make demand
ot it in some newspaper. Our mails previous announcement, addressedthe time agreed with me and so I acqui- no right to any .
the committee
are fast, rapid, of the double back ac members of Union Alliance and esced. upon on arrangement.Yet

tion electrical kind-three of 'em a public generally, on third party ques- Above are the facts in the case. as from a good part class of and the heretofore patronagewas

week, at least there is supposed to be tions. The audience, while not large, J. A. WILLIAMS, B. Mgr. our

three a week, and if we don't get but was attentive. There were only thir having been granted that privilege we
like attention. We
expected hope
two, and the mail steamer gets teen present by actual count. I am Mr. H. McGuire, manager of the however that the committee will not

jammed above the bridge, and we not able to state whether any converts Umatilla Branch Exchange was a ,
object to toilers coming over on
don't get but one, I that one is fast- were made or not, but there were business caller at our office this morn ,
the Sabbath and listening to the eloquence ]
just too last for utterance and you some present who renewed their faith. ing. The Exchange has just been
of the Rev. Dr. Lee.-T. A.
never hear us kick, even when the The orator, acting after the manner of adding its spring and summer stockof
POOLE in Lake Region.
mail steamer thinks there is more his kind, seemed desirous placing the goods, and Mr. McGuire assuresus iii .

money in a load of cotton than there responsibility of hard times and bad it is the largest he has ever shown. Try no experiment".-Much time and infinite

is in carrying Uncle Sam's mail I legislation on the Democrats, but 1 The Umatilla Exchange is one of the vexation of spirit would be saved,if eschewing

pouches on a star route. Oh, no, we when asked to name one particular most substantial business houses in i novelties once. ,the afflicted would use Salvation Oil at





Free Coinage of Silver. Jew and Gentile to the fact that all
The public sentiment in favor of the the industrial classes, business and social

free coinage of silver is strong, and the : relations, were links in the one "

same chain, and the weakening of one
House Committee in Congress has a
link endangered the whole chain;

4 majority in its favor from present indi that in unity there was strength. How ..r ww

; cations. What the results may be remain was this effort of ours received and r a

I to be seen. The Shylock patronized by many of the businessmen

money lenders and usury law breakers of the city ? Echo will answer :

i will use every available means, fair or "Now let the galled jades wince; our i

' foul, to prevent any further increase withers are unrung.-F. H. LYTLEin

t in the volume of our circulating me. Ocala Banner. .

dium. They are not only opposed to 1 ., !T J ) 1f!

the 'stump-tail" silver dollar, as they The Times.Union very gravely awans-

call it, but they are opposed to any stated one day last week that the Far ,

additional dollars at all which they do mers Alliance would cut no figure in -.- ---= a .1

not possess. These thieving Shylocks politics, either state or national, during -. -- .
know well enough that the more that It is true that in its AL.I < nriroil.
organized For field, den and "The best cultivator -
gat grove. and Think.
the silver is barred from its true and capacity the Alliance will hardly I ever saw" i is the verdict of all who use! it. Stop
the Works! either level or on a bed;perfectly adjust Wrt Y the best
ltgitimate position moreit Spend of
money, meddle with the political struggle of able;cleanest cutting: lightest draught. years your
depreciates. The fact is that the this year, but every move of the body Every cultivator fully warranted. Price Jio.GODBEY life cultivating the soils ol' the frozen

, silver dollar when demonetized in politic is going to quiver with Alliance &Waldo.HARRIS Fla., North and West raising crops on which

1 1873, stood above par as measured by electricity, and the office seeker who the freight is often not realized, when

the idol of the mammon worshipers, fails to give respectful heed to Alliance SEND: US 10 CENTS, to pay you can buy land from the undersigned,
and it the discrimination ONE :!' and the names and ad- rich and fertile known
was as lands
demands will feel lonesome in Ire..sesof five lady friends that you any ,
made against the gold, the same depreciation November. We Alliancemen are think. would like sample "copies of and where you can raise a crop that the

would quickly take placein simply in earnest. We are not doing will The mail Household it to you one Pilot year, 1'Ilin and we: United States Government will pay a

that precious product. The hue this for fun, neither are we expectingto ,Illustrated)f cost. A large Household 8 pare,and 40 column.Farm BOUNTY of $too on each acre.

and cry raised now by the money fill the offices with members of our YEAR Journal one of the best in existence HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

j sharks is that if the "dollar of our order, but we are determined to vote hortand Now in its interesting 13th \ear Stories Devoted FancyWork to the said crop right there in your home

daddies" is restored, the poor debtor for reform in our governmental affairs. Fa-hions, Hort:cultural,Agricultural market for $250 per acre. You ask or
I and evervthingof interest to
class will be enabled to pay their We will expect a fair divide in the the whole family. Large CASH the "How" and the "Wherefore."

debts with cheap money, and thus matter of officers. That is all.-TOM FREE!TI PRIZES: Pilot given Publishing away. Address Co., Quite right-facts and figures count best.

roh the aristocratic owners of the SAWYER, in Marion Free Pre's. New Haven, Ct.
earth and all that dwell therein. - Plant the Lano with sugar Cane.

Were the claims of the autocrat true, I. TO OLD Farmers and rareiul perus

would it prove a great injustice were The People's Economist (Thomas. SPRAY ers of papers, the fact that there is now
ville Ga. "The Alliance has
) :
the poor debtor class enabled to get says established near Kissimmee, Fla., theSt.
back a pittance. of the sum of which no war to make on any profession or PUMPS Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale

they have been robbed by the demone class except such as take away the MADE BYTHEDEMINCCO. news. We are talking to all our
fruits of the labor of the people under "
tization of silver, by its restoration? ( riends. Sugar cane can be raised as
the of law. It seeks -
guise to place
Vigilance is the price of liberty. I f SALEM OHIO. cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will

Farmers, let us be vigilant. Let us farmingand farmers on a higher plane. Write for Catalogue and TREATISE ON SPBAYIXO"DEAFNESS ;pay you a bounty of *wo cents pe pound
and when this is done the will
organize and not be led into confusionand country on the manuiactured sugar. The St.

to the disbandment of our so be more uniformly prosperous. The Cloud plantation in Oceola Co., Fla.,
decadence of England began when the ,
cieties by too many issues.-Western tveraged 4,500 pounds ot sugar to the
farmers of the sea-girt isle began to
Rural. ITS icre )ear, it go 5,000
fall behind and to restive under
grow .ounds this
Jcientlflcslly! treated by an aurl t of worldwide year.
the unjust burdens they were bearing.
Deafness t-radicatt-d
reputation HIU
Merchants, year by year and one : Experience ought to suggest that the enilrelycuredoffr"m.0to3yeitrs'stand njj METHODS? This isn't the only big
by one the m kings are forcingto titer nil other t taim-nts have failed flow of life* however.
ney change The
.. ,
best time to forestall such results is to he difficulty I I. reached and th cause" r. your
ruin and bankruptcy the props of take time by the forelock, and begin moved, fully explained in circular, with affidavits f., ultivation oi rice lands about Kissim-
business and t8tlm i'>laHof cures from promi
your prosperity. The maelstrom the work of reformation when the pre nent people, mulled free nee is to become an assured, profitableact.

that sucks the life blood of the monitory symptoms appear. This is ur. *. VI* IM%. 19 FPPt 14th Ft X. V There is no richer or better
producer has its mouth open, its maw what the Alliance has sought to do." ruck and market-garden lands in the

enlarging for you too. It is only a vorld than the land on the rich over

question of time, and oon, very soon, A SftL low, or bottom lands about Kissim

the recording secretary of the usurer nee. Write, for confirmation, to Col.

will say: "Time shall be no more. CROUPY SOUNDSAt Fitting: young men for the active duties of life. \. K. McClure, editor i'htladdphia
Time is hand in Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia and
up; your check. Now endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council, rimes, who has personal knowledge.
pause and think before the evil days night, from baby's crib, are distract- and prominent citizens of the city where located. Then in lands for orange groves or
and the ing to parents who are at a loss fora For catalogue circulars and testimonials,address
come places storehouses) that cultivated
J.G. DUNSMOKU.President Staunton,Va. proves already or 'bearing,
medicine'equal to
s know you now shall knowyou no more so with thoso who have emergency.Not Ayer's I can satisfy you that your best interestsie

forever. For this is no fancy pictureas Cherry Pectoral in the house. A dose FOR SALE in seeing me before any one else.

told in the above extract. It is of this medicine affords certain and 3EAUTIFUL HOMES. The health

written in letters of gold (factsVe :I speedy relief. To cure colds,coughs.soro or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
use the word gold-the sound has a I throat, asthma, bronchitis, hoarseness, cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock ulness and beauty of Kissimmeelave
land. Thirty acre* cleared, together with;
k fascination, attracts the ear, appeals i and the various disorders of the breathing plank causeway, % mile Ion with dock am: never been questioned. No
to the senses and the judgment and apparatus, Ayer's Cherry Pectoralhas ferry i mile from Grahamville, on OcUawaha liphtheria, no consumption, no pneunonia -
I River;4 miles from Silver Springs. Address!
no equal. It soothes the inflamed -in fact, read our medical
quickens the thoughts of all alike.
a And as intelligent business men we I tissue es TREADWELL, eport. Beautiful cottages, villas or
Forpromo ,
'I Redding, Conn. 'its suitable for residences. Writeor
beg you be advised in time, for the' and Cap.Call re-

4 laborer is worthy of his hire, as the pose. U.Carley, NOTICE OF INSOLVENOY. terms and particulars.
merchant of his exchange. Now we Brooklyn, N. Y., writes: "I have used SOME SOUTH, And get untold

I will remind the business men of Ocala Ayer's Cherry Pectoral in my family for luantities of the grandest climate in
and have found it
thirty years always IN COUNTY JUDGE'S COURT, ) he world free with each acre of ground
that very recently the Farmers' AI.I the best remedy for croup, to which DUVAI.COUNTY, FLORIDA.!
liance and Industrial Union of complaint my children were subject." I \WHEREAS\ Chas. W. DaCosta. administrator urchased. Come where you can till
tate of Geo. C. Goodrich deceased
months in the
and adjoining counties, held a meet I I "I use Ayer's Cherry Pectoral in my late of the county aforesaid, having filed in the he soil year
office of the Judge of said county a writ U least write to for full Darticula
ing, a barbecue rally in your ci y. practice, and pronounce it to be un- ten suggestion of' the insolvency of said estate me
It was intended as an educator i equaled as a remedy for colds and notice is hereby given to all persons! having claim ?]I. CIt %ON,
for the the financial 1 coughs."-J. G. Gordon, M. D., CarrollCo. if any nature whatever gainst said estate to fill Kf tmmre, Fla.
people on
authenticated, the office o'ountyJudgeof
the duly in
I fortbelandaof the iMon Cnmpanlts.
Virginia. agent !
condition of and of : said county on or before the Stl)
our lands
your j for the A" orinted Hallway ,and Ue
lay of April A. D.,18gz at which time there win
land of Kl-Rlmrme Lai d Co.
county. The meeting was addressed : be a prorata pajment to creditors entitled there.
from Ajer'sCherr y Pectoral to. and the administrator discharged. Phosphate. sugar cane, rice, truckingruit
by a distinguished gentleman Witness mv name as County Judge of said grazing, timber, general farming*
i another State. Hopes were entertained county, this aSth day September.A. D.. 1891. ,nd home lands. Send for Lap showing
Prepared by Dr.J.C.Aver&;Co.,Lowell,Mass. W. B.OWEN
that it would open the eyes of Sold by all Druggists; trice$1; *lx bottle$5. to-I-6m County Judge. lands.

.. ., .
'0' '"," ':"' -






Definite exchange offers inserted free. State It/ J
what you have and what you want. U We have some of the finest Frost Proof lake
ERY R RMERrroasisi.iii.AUTANt{ front properties the wh le State.
to subscribers RM .l WnM.tNV
Open only. ..,., Phosphate lands garden and truck lands, nursery -
stock and geo supplies for the plantation
FOR EXCHANGE-Fifty numbers of "Leisure or grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.
Library" to exchange for same. M. H. WHITNER'SGARDENING CHAS. W. DACOSTA Publisher. PAGE & HAMMOND.. ,

PORTER, Kissimmee Fla. -' i-7-tf Auburmlale, .. )3.

TO EXCHANGE have seventeen different Terms of Subscription:
kinds of Oriental Plums, budded x'JA
on a thrifty |?*, n
native plum stock that will 'not sprout, to exchange IN FLORIDA For one year. ......................... -.....|2 00 /---c ;
for syrup honey corn, or any other to cy
farm produce. Also Cassava Seed Cane
for any of the above named things. Address exchange For six months .._..............._........100 W

J. A. DANIEL, Glen St. Mary Fla."CENTAWORD" .
Subscriptions In all cases cash In ad-
O aw

d M92Gi
insure insertion in this column, advertisements antes of Advertising on application.REMITTANCE .nGno \
must be accompanied by the
money. should be made Check D uo
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. by ,
Postage Stamps received in payment. ,
Count every word,including name and address Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Let ; m d

ter, to order of 5
FOR SALE-Beggar Weed Seed in any quan- Until April 1st, 1892, I will mail to tiffs 'yj o
at 2OC. per pound or 2Sc. by mai. Also
Halloc 's Evelbearing Tree Bean 25Co per pint all subscribers remitting $2.00 for
postpaid. W. H. SIB LEY, FairDauks.?Alachua AND FRUIT GROWER, 0.o W t" aa
County, Fla. 3-33t O 1 :i.
renewal or new subscription,a copy Jacksonville, Fla. ANn
FOR SALE-Very handsome yearling bull well
; the mother one-half Jersey: great of "Whitner's Gardening In Flor C 0

milker. Box 124,Jacksonville, Fla. 2-25-41 ....... .- ...,", ..

ORANGE WRAPPING MACHINES should be ida." A Bfcl? Ail V Plauvfur45OHIS
now for delivery next fall. Send for
circulars and references to E. H. WARNER, To all who remit $5.00 I will send NEIGHBOR STATE BANK OF FLORIDA
Palatka, Fla. 2-25-5t
this paper and the "World's Colum- paid only 1
PIGS FOR SALE-I have for sale choice pigs
registered Berkshire boar farrowedby l1i 1 tm 5375.Forthevery
by bian Exposition Illustrated," for .YOT IXCOIU-OR.IT.R)."
Guinea s dams. W. B CAMPBELL, Winter -.._ same
Haven, Fla. 2-25-41 UM _-n_ I'iano.
-- -- one year, the subscription price of Neither one wan worth ,
FOR SALE-Imperial Strain Brown Leghorns, i a nickel over$300. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
strain in the State for size and laying which is $4.00 per annum.C. D Insure Yourselfagainst
qualities; eggs Ji.oo for 13,$2.00 for 30. C. M. H.

EVCLESIIIMER, Winter Haven Fla. 2-25-41 W. DACOSTA, bitant direct frtrrn! paying from bj buying]r* r-w a_ Capital, $30,000.00

BERKSHIRES pigs have: from for sale registered a few stock pair, PUIJLISIIKIl. LUDDEN & BATES, Savanna!), Ga.

W. B.CAMPBELL, Winter Haven. Fla. 2 254. Who hare but Ow.Triff and that the W**'lennx n.
You en n't pay them more than Instruments
World's Fair.
BEE-KEEPERS who have not yet receivedmy The I are actually worth. They are not built that way.
should send for it lOt once by Write for Latest SPECIAL OFFERS.
sending their address to J. B. LAMONTAGUE, We have received the last issue of
Winter Park, Fla. 2-25-31

CA SAVA S":r D stalks.' $1.50 a barrel, f o. b. the f World's Columbian Exposition
R. II. MITII Lawtey, Fla. 2.254t
Illustrated" the only authentic organof Did you ever receive a letter? You can
FOR SALE--Cassava seed 75 cents per 100 f et. receive our Roses the same way-by mail,
W. FARNHAM, Maitland Orange Co., the Great F.lir. The object of this postpaid. The Californian or the Pennsyl-
Fla. 2-25-21 vanlan can alike enjoy the advantage of i
dealing direct at the Rose headquarters of ,
FOR SALE-One and a half mile from Inter- publication is to give a complete authentic the world. Success Is universal with our

house and everything. bearing requi orange.rte tor grove a comfortable furnished I.I historical record of the Columbian ON THEIR Clark' Cutaway

home on the property. Full particulars from E. ROSES
A.BROWNE,Greta Grove.Interlachen,Fla 2-25-31 Exposition. It contains 32 pagesof oWN ROOTS! ARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.

SALE Forty strawberry re1ngerators.Address official proceedings, and will give flower We desire lover In the America acquaintance and offer of our every Rose I keep in stock seven styles cutting in width
G. H. ANDERSON I Hibeniia Fla. Guideand Catalogue, free by way of In- from two((2), to six ((6)) 'feet, at prices from $10.00to
2-l8-4t pIrolographici/luslrations printed on Enameled troduction. It mirrors our Immense stock, }31.00. Send for rata ogue.
I and gives a quarter of a century's special 1:. S HUBBARD, Gen. State Agent
POT GROWN; Australian PLANTS Silk a specialty Oaks;, Surinam Cattley paper, of all the Exhibits, Build. flower experience for the asking only. Federal Point, Fla.
Other flowers also. No fancy prices.
Guavas, etc., also fine lot Budded Lemons GEO.
The Guide without price. Bendyouraddress.]
and attractions of the Great Fair.
T. KINO, Villa City, Fla. 2-18-41 ings, THE DINGEE & CONARD CO.<
FOR SALE Japan Plums Satsuma Blood. Bur- As a work of Art, containing the most Rose Growers&SeedsmenWEST GROVEPA.< GRUB AND STOMP PULLER.

True Sweet Botau Hattonkin, etc.also
Japan Persimmons, $10 per ico; So at too rates. interesting information, it is invaluable WE TELL THE
CUAS. KERR Archer Fla.
2-I 8-3t
II,TE have the most practical and powerful Grub-
SALE-Marianna Cuttings 84 1000.. to all \\ho wish to keep up with the cm TRUTHabout W! bing Machine on earth. Simple in construc-
FOR per
tion and operation. Will pull a 10-inch tree of
KERR, Archer Fla. 2-18-31 times and learn of the great International Seeds. We will sendJf stump with one horse in 2 to 4 minuteV, time.
Free Seed Annual Will do the work of 10 men. With proper care it
you our
FOR SALE-Cassava seed stalks 81.50 per will last a life time. We have a safety lock, a
f. o. b. GRIFFIN & BRADLEY, Maclen- Enterprise.It jJ n for 1892, which tells take-up on the spool, that haves wearing the rope
ny Fla. 2-18-51 '' THE WHOLETRUTH. out in a short' time-one of the principal objections -
will be semi ]
published monthly to all other machines of this clans. We
SALE-Fresh eggs for hatching. from the guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Trice of
following noted starins of Pit Games: Grist early in the fall, making eighteen machine complete F. O. Sigourney, Iowa,
Champions Irish Dandies Belfast Reds Jim We illustrate and 175 and $85. Agents wanted. Territory for sale.
Busby's! and Shawl Necks. Price 82.50pe r give
13. copies for present year. Price $4. Write for catalogue.
R. B. BULL,Bradfordville Fla. 2-18-31 prices in this Catalogue,
which is handsomer than IOWA GRUBBER CO.
postpaid cents a Subscriptions ,
700 LOQUAT TREES for sale cheap. Various ; 25 copy. "
Sizes and perfectly healthy. R. H. ever. tellsNOTHING
. PORTER, Sunny Side Nurseries,Leesburg, Pla.2.133t taken at this office, where the :\: ": BUT THE ie-22-tTt Sigourney, Iowa.
Write fork to-day..
can be seen or send cents TRUTH
paper 25
(P. Q. Box 10711D.M.FERRY6. .
15000 NURSERY TREE STAKES for sale
cheap. Four feet long and good as for sample copy to CO., DetroitMich.
new. R. H. PORTER, Sunny Side Nurseries FARMSEEDS
Leesburg Flf. 2-18-31 J. B. CAMPBELL,

FOR SALE-Whipporwill pees, per bushel, f.o.
., $2.00; Conch peas (limited quantity), per Editor and Publisher,
pound, post paid, 2oc; Chufa seed, per pound, Do you want a rousing crop for 1892JTh
post paid. 3sc; per peck, f. o. b., $1.50; pearl 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills. surest way to pet it Is to plant BAUER'S
millet, per pound, post paid, 350; four pounds, KOKTHEUX CCOVVS &EEU3.,; Our. 10O.OOO
81.25; ten pounds f. o. b., $2.00. Send cash with r grower l'Ieawd,and'lIlihra only seedsman will teU you making thi*rpeclalty Lorgeat
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. of Farm Seed in America. CnlUf at* 5OOO lerau
2-4-tf "TIlt World's Columbian Exposition I offer choice stocks of the following:
lO-DOO biu Barley. yields 'G-(() bu. per acww

UORLECONTE, t.2, sancU-YKAR,KEIFfl .' Illustrated and the FLORIDA DISPATCH 12,000%20,000 bo.bu.Early Oats.Corn sworn yields85-120 yield 131 bu.bu.per per acm aero.
fl ER AND GARBER'S HYBRID PEAR I 18.000 bu.Spring Wheats, 3040 bo.per acre.
TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE, MONTICELLO FRUIT.GROWER for 25.000 bu.: Timothy and Clover Seed.
FLA. n-26-tf FARMER AND ore Tilghman'a Condition Powder eoOUO bu. heavy Cropping Potatoes

are guaranteed to cute use disease known in For 8c.
FOR SALE Press-One for second sale hand at Washington thi office year, mailed to any address, for $5. Florida as Salt-sick. riley will make any animaleat Ill Bend 10 different Farm Seed
cheap put on flesh, and have a glossy coat I t will Samples my telection. Fine
Write for particular
C.V.. DACOSTA, take but one package to convince you. Ask your Farm few CatOe..
SALE-one thousand Hart's Tardiff and 1 merchant for them. A sample package will be Samp.&Cat 15c.

FOR hundred Ruby orange trees, two to three Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER sent you by mail for 3S cts. Write to ,1
feet high,straight. JEFF FRANKLIN, Mt. Dora, I I FRUIT-GROWER. W. G. TILGHMAN.
Lake Co., Fla. 2-25-11 AND Palatka, Fla.


I .





$35 Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Fine
KEY WEST SYSTEMAND r your OntrUlln home I' Pianos and Organs Direct-to Your Homes.

before I From REV JAS M. POTTS,D. D.,editor of Micligan lor Christian Advocate,DetroitMich.: "To say th.
Adni.: we are delighted with the Piano does not ezprt-
the 'fact. We are jubilant. If all your instrumtn: ,
COAST LINES, the T.Swofcer & Son Pianos & Organ are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone rO'4r
BEAVER: FALLS PA this one your patrons will rise by the hundred."
Extending Southeast, South and South- From PROF. E. H. PECK, Valhermoso :Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better wr!
west from Jacksonville .he:casing or tone:quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ
cover over one From B. D. GR1GGS, Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It
thousand miles of tropical country, and II you claim it to be." N r
From Y. M. C. A per). G. COOLEY Hillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire sati factioi v
reach all prominent winter and summer 'very" one who has SetUlt is very much pleased with the in strum cut and the price on the same."
pleasure resorts of Florida: From BEN. F. STEELE Prescot, Ark.: "M;, family is well pleased in every respect witu tl
rgan. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder. *

The East Coast,

The Great Lake Region INGflUTFITSDERFECTION : -

The Phosphate Fields bet{. ..., l1.rU *t. enir 1'eree a... d Florida? Central & Peninsular
.mplre Pompnntir the liqunl ui m tic lly And will cpraj 10O Tre*i'cr Hour.
The Fields .i'e mate the Little Gem and VnrfleM Knapsaelt Sprtjrer au RAILROAD I CO.
Pineapple .pnr nozzle,mint economical spray ooisl*ID the world.Also a Horw Power Sprayer st low price.
We sell Sulphate of Copper. Paris firrra and tendon Purple.t.holreale priced. Catalocae rrre.Wni
The Orange GrovesAND aldnu /,( LDFOKCEl>CMl>CO.I26 Urktol A.aLUCIPUBTY.]. The Florida Trunk biqeSHORTfL1NE


The Fruit and Vegetable TAMPA.

Sections. } iiifti: :; m COHISSION[ MEECHAKII In addition to its with long-established the North by connections -

-DEALERS IN- :River Junction, Live Oak, CallahanJack-
THREE THROUGH TRAINS sonville and Fernandina,

VIA. Coal Hay Grain Wini( s Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc Has this season re-opened
) rye pomasville and yonticello[ [ : Route.

JACKSONVILLE, FLA. In connection with the SM F. & W. R. R.:the
The Tropical Trunk lie Alabama Midland and the L.& N.and the lines
PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY. leading from Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City
and the North and West.

with the latest i 'arker..... ..................... ?... ............%i.75 J 'l. tiu RVP..._._..................83., Through Cars from Cincinnati to
These lines are equipped i H tit.e Va I Iry..... ......"................ 2.0O Vlrgliilullatdes._.._.._........._ 4.
improved modern appliances for the prii'p Vat It')'..... ..... .... ............. 2.5O Old ltild ..Urbuu..._....................__ 5.t Jacksonville and Tampa.Fast .
,orlb C'aro lnu Cor ._..._?.... 2 5O lu.1ttuck 4 ur .fhhh............... b.( Schedule, Pullman Sleepers. all Modern -
safety and comfort of passengers.Our lit ton Club....................... .?....... ......... I'?Ii..r............ _..............._.._ 3.( Jlalltcay Improvements.
Diolltroba Velvet.: ........._...........?..?..$C.OO.
patrons call them the The Florida Central I Peninsular RR.
J'igs! extra: I gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post o8
I FINEST IN FLORIDA. aoney order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. to dry to"n Is the greatest artery of travel through tho
A list 0'-Groceries and Wine list finest parts of Florida,traversing twenty-four
r complete price sent free on application. counties-Gadsden..Iefferson' ,Duval Alachua,
Lake Leon, Suwannee Nassau Levy Orange,
z Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., Jr hn (inriz, inn nr" Ilillsborouirh, Wakulla, Columbia, Clay
Marion, Polk, Manatee Madison Baker, Bradford -
T. & K. W.: ,Sumter Hernando and DeSoto-in their

i 8:30 a.m. daily, except Sunday; 12:30 p.m. 1892. For Over Thirty Tears richest Florida portion.Region It of runs Hill Country through where the Middle are-

daily; 4:20: daily, except Sunday; the fine oldFarming
p.m. we i have always had very pleasant dealing together, the
t 8:00 p.m. daily, except Sunday. OR public and myself, and I again have the pleasure of Lands and the :3>ttr Tobacco
::: i R presenting to them my Annual Vegetable and Farms
r .. : lower Seed Catalogue. It contains the usual
Arrive 7:30 8:00 12:55
a.m. : a.m.
p.m., reached other line
-, immense variety of seed,with such new kinds added ( by no ), some of them con-
7:40 p.m.Trains ,as have proved to be real acquisitions. Raising many ducted on a large scale. Here are Quincy
/ --- of thesf varieties myself on my four seed farms, Tallahassee (the capital), Monticello. Madison
Leave Jacksonville via East ; and testing others. I am able to warrant their freshness and other towns from whose comfortable,
and purity,under such reasonable conditions as are contained ample dwellings reposing in a fertile coun-
Pt Coast Lines : in my Catalogue. Having been their original intro try, is coming a renewed energy to employ
ducer. I am headquarters for choice Cory Corn,M iller Melon. the resources lavished about them. Stretch-
! Eclipse Reet llubbard bquash. Deep Head All Seasons and
8:25 a.m. daily, 1:00: p.m. daily, except Warren Cabbage Etc. Etc. Catalogue Pit KK to all. ing down through
s Sunday; 4:05: p.m. daily. 892. -'P J. tJ. II. GltUOOItY Si SOX, Murbleheud, Mat*. The Peach CountryOf
Baker Bradford Alachua and Levy coun-
t Arrive 9:30: ajn., 12:25: p.m., 5:40: p.m. ties, through the prosperous
NURSERIES OF THE Strawberry Farms
of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior -
TITUSVILLEFor in profit to the orange grove-it goes
Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co. through the heart of the State penetratingsome
Melbourne daily, except Sunday, of the finest groves, one having.
-elected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citius Fruit Trees
a Specialty.
70,000 Full-bearing OrandeTrees,
5:00: a.m., 3:45: p.m.; Rockledge, 9:00: a.m.,
7:00 p.m. Arrive :Melbourne, 1:00: p.m., Budding-Wood for sale at all times.ur passing for nearly a mile between them-
12 midnight. Returning,leave:Melbourne stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORU PONDJ';NCE. F. making its way southward to the Gulf and to
the more tropical portions of tho State. In
: 1:20 p.m., 12:30: a.m.; Rockledge 4:50: p.m., Catalogue and Price*List, addiess all portions of the State it reaches points of

! 8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00: p.m., A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. Scenic Interest.

i 12 noon. Wakulla Springs in the West the Suwannee -
River, as beautiful and romantic as it is
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, ex- 'famous Silver Springs in the lake region

. cept Sunday, 8:30 a.m., arrive Jupiter fol- THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY and roundings the lakes of rolling interspersed with their with sur-

lowing day, 3:30: a.m. Returning, leave pleasant homes in green groves, sloping downto
: Jupiter daily except Sunday, 9:30: a.m. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. the clear lake fronts. By means of this
) Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30: a.m. ifflee 50 West Bay (Street, Warehouses ant Wharves at the terminus of the F. C.&.P. R. R road you can most readily reach thoHunting .
:::Johns liver, Ea.. Jacksonville. II and Fishing Grounds.
I Steamer "ST. AUGUSTINE Leaves The settler will find on the line of this roada
' Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. : greater opportunity for a varied selectionof
'i ORMOND : land than on any other road in the State-
Who.esale de, lers in and importer of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals i from lightest soils to those underlaid with
I 8:00 a.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays clay and marl and of richest hammock-
Send us your name and we will mail you (rim time t. time much lenerallnform"UoD
r for Rockledge, and way landings. "eardlntr.11 psmtul' or"ojP" ,it VP\r.a..hlp fO.'tnTP' In slnrld' i whether for regular mixed farming stock or
; Returning, leaves Rockledge 8:00: a.m. dairy farming peach or strawberry culture

l Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. orange The tourist groves will and be vegetable gratified gardens.with its scenery.

, Connections are made at Jupiter with New' Planet Jr T 0018.1 The some health-seeker spot adapted on to his its wants.ample route On the can hard find

j trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all pointson D clay ride roads with of speed Middle and Florida satisfaction the horsemanwill and the

Lake Worth. Florida Central and Peninsular is the

Among other things TWO NEW CARDEN DRILLS. One sows either Sportsman's Jtotite.NOTE. .
For schedules, maps, etc., call on local IN DRILLS OR HILLS, the other In addition, SOWS FERTILIZERS EITHER .-Passengers from Northern connections
address the General Passenger having tickets over the Florida Central
agents or
ABOVE OR BELOW THE SEED. and Peninsular to points in South Florida
Agent.R. Great improvements too in "PLANET JR." COMBINED SEED DRILL AND have the privilege of being taken Into Jacksonville -
the line and alloweda
B. CABLE, W. L. CRAWFORD. WHEEL HOE, in the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL ROES and marked stop-over over within Company the going limits of the
General Manager, Supt.East Coast Lines changes in HORSE HOES AND CULTIVATORS. ticket with return to their route for destination -

J., T. &; K. W. System. St. Augustine, P la. The fine NEW TOOLS offered in IH 91> are made still more attractive for 1893. Florida free,mailed of extra free.A. charge.. Send for map of

G. D. ACKERLY, SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE and full description of all the O. MACDONELL, O.P. AJacksonville..
General Passenger Agent goods as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. Fla

Jacksonville, Fla. S. L. ALLEN & CO., 1101 Market St., Philadelphia, Pa. N.S.PE.'iNINGTOYt.Tramc. };.MAXWELL, General Manager.D. )IanagerMARci .


. }




t'--: ; /JP .e etle riew in.irig: Compaii; 'S Q .eetaiig. -,
.r- y :-. : : .
> .
To the Orange Growers and: Market Gardeners of Florida: : '

.._' '. f::..., ':.
We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. It is the_ best. It'is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.. : ,-,'t*>


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance 20 to 30 })('- "'
cent, becomes gradually available. Experts certify to its having \.llne\3 plant food green as it comes from the mine, of over $S3; per ton as compared with com-
mercial acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as follows:

Insoluble! Silicate! and Sand...... ......18.61 I Phosphoric: Acid.. 27.63 I Oxide of Iron .....74 I Magnesia and Soda 6.59
Carbonate 4.561| Equivalent to tone Phosphate! Lime.......60.70 I j Aluminum 2.07 \ 6.55
He says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleviexv Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided' is perfectly
burnt and pulverized in fine powder.
Serge Maly van says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from. different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is con-
tained in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview.
The Belleview Soft Phosphate especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries and for cotton and corn it has no equal.
The analysis: of our Soft Phosphate shows: that every element it contains i is absolutely essential as plant food, and every intelligent man will see< the importanceof
buying plant food at so little cost per ton. .

More About Soft Phosphate. *I rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only give them their datkgfeen color? Certainly cation hare just commences stait up. Mr. Me
The follow in retard to soft phosphate is *n lny can as!' gathered it. I got as much corn .; !notMng the soil,a*it is poor pine? land. Neither Master of the firm of McMater& Miller! of San
taken from the Gainesville Sun: : from the sixteen row-that Ind soft phosphate! on is it good cultivation. ChemMry: teaches!' that Mateo, visited my grove a few days since and ex-
That soft phosphate;; is rapidly gaining favor ; it as I did from the next thirty rows 'i he corn orange trees potash, phosphoric acid and pressed himself as being very much astonished
Pith; the fruit and vegetable; grower there is no : did notdry up any for want of rain, as the rest f lime a..d the pine landspf Florida require humus at the growth of the trees where the soft phos
ort old ubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it In muck and phosphate we have all but the phate had been applied. If you will remembei
speak of it in the most compliment- this year on all my crops. potash.! This added gives us a perfect fertilizer, tHe first shipment of Phosphate was made l less
.ry terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from and yet there are men who tell us that it will not than sixty days since and until the last few days
":'Tallahassee says: Soft do that the raw materials!! must! he manipulated we have had very little rain.
The o t phrrphatereferredloin! the granulated I Phosphate.Mr by the cheiui-t. and refined product fed to our I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle-
article containing the elements of ground bone Sutton, one of our Alliance! exeditors.trees., What nonsense! I don't believe any such view Soft Phosphate has a greatervalueas a plant
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate writes as follows: to the Florida Agriculturist on a laws entered into the Divine plan of Nalure."- food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever
)crude as it comes loin the mine. This I matter of much interest to our fanners: Phosphate Field. been brought into the State,and I would warmly
soft phosphate was put upon cotton last year I: Now Mr. Editor, I am the same crank still, Mr. sulton has since; ordered thirty-five tons to recommend its use to the orange growers in the
alongside Button seed as fertilizers. ,and the rev only more no, on the subject of muck, soft phos- put on his groves adjoining VVelshtou. | State. Yours truly.
suit wa" fully, or more than double in ,yield of phate and home-made fertilizers, and, like the t D. GREENLKAP.
cotton over the cotton sted, while it gave tour fellow who killed the rattle nake. I have the -
times the yield over the same land without any ': rattles*to show. My trees are loo iug bC'tterac- JACKSONVILLE. FLA., June 12. 18<}1. f
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore, of Lees-burg looked cording to age than adjacent groves upon which C. B. SMITH President Helleview Phosphate Co., President FLA., Dec. zr, 1891.
at this crop while in ful fruitage;and he said 1 that confiner ial fertilizers have bten: u C\l. Muck. Jacksonville, Florida: C. B. Smith, BellcTiew Mining Cornpany -
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft lime, soft phosphate, stable manure and potash DEAR SIR-Enclosed: please find my order for :
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than will do me to ma e a grove with. and I don't twu more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
that fertilized with c fon sred. Thinking this thiiiK I will come in behind in the race with the seventy-five tons of this! Phosphate, and have me pleasure to state that I hare used nothing but
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men euhr. noticed \\ith much interest its effect on my orange the Oelleview Soft Phosphate on my, grove the
above but I am fre to admit that he is! a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubility I I trees. The first car load I applied to something past year, and I have been more than:! satisfied
judge of such matters than I am." of Sufi. phosphate would have these doubts removed over five hundred trees and the results have been with the results. The trees are looking as well
r J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county say! : "I by visiting a small prove in Welshton simply mar\clous. ,.h.e adjoining five hundred as they hive ever looked e"cn when I used expensive
put.IOfl! phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last which h5: had no other fertilizer in the past two i trees received no fertilizing and the difference fertilizers. :Many: persons have heard ofspringiu
about a four acre field of corn.on about an yers thin phosphate.! It bas not lid any cultivation ,, between the two fields is something-wonderful. my experiment, and you phosphate has advanced
average quality of the land. I broadcasted the this se kill.and jet it is holding its own On one side eyery tree has started with a vigorous in their estimation.Very .
sft phosphate! over the land, after caking it up with well-worked. and fertilized gtv'eIf nut growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen truly yours
well.. at about two tops per acre. ,Thtn I har- soluble what makes these' trees grow; what in a grove The trees which received 1 no appli REV. F. R. HOLMAN.

. We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and] gardener. Prices F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :.

Per ton. UrJ..cl1.1ed. :11"1: Bu.1.1.:, $G.00
17cr ton. busiest, in: Hu.J.JI, a t+:O.uuP
r tun: B1-11.1 t. G1.0U.1 cl c.1.rl..d: t Sool.ed, t it .OO

Put up in 200-ixmnd sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 30 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

---- --- -- -
--- ----- --- -- ---- -

Thca4.S: t TaBl" a :s ..

t 00 ,

-A SURE oureis FQRA1cai' f

r St. Augustine daily at 8:10: a. m.; Jacksonville, De
9:50: n.m.jarr'cs; Macon,3i5p.m.; Atlantaio:4Op.m.: .; om0
Chattanooga, 4oo'a.m.; Cincinnati, 5:50: p.m.


I of this System,arrive Be sure your Tickets read by East Tennessee

Union at and depart from,f! D. A. CALDWELL' SAN FORD FLAIT
Depot, Atlanta and Queen and Crescent Lines.F. %-- ,

M. JOLLY, District Passenger Agent, Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA_
___ B. W. \VRENN, General Passenger Agent, u_KNOXVILLE, TENN. _____ WILL IP.A.YTHOSE "
: .
11111U111UU llllliilslllllllllllllilllllll1111I111IdHtHH1U111iilllllll;Hllllllflll : .,',

= "What are these PLANET JR.. tools?" | ,

S They are machines for straightening backs, for -lifting heavy 5, Orange Growers and Vegetable Growers

E mortgages, for keeping the boys on the farm, for doubling crops SE

and cutting wages bills in half at one operation. E:

2 Did you ever see the "Planet Jr." Horse Hoe at work? Do you know what =3S Who wish to obtain the highest market prices on their Oranges and Vegetables to
the Combined Wheel Hoe, Cultivator, Rake and Plow will do? Can you imagine :: use the fertilizers manufactured by the
S the new Hill-Dropping Drill, which plants either in rows or in regular hills,and sows A
S the fertilizer, all at once? And do you know what these machines would do for you? =
= But these are only three of thec*tools ; and there are twenty-eight. How shall we ZSH OLD ESTABLISHED AND RELIABLE FIRM!
tell you about them all? You must have a catalogue-the new catalogue for 1892-with SS
all the latest additions. Write us direct for it. It costs nothing but the asking. 13

llllllllllilllllllllliaIIIISIIe.III'IIIIIJI_ : ;

fully described 5aoorberatifal: !+GARDENING of Pawtucket, R. I.,
: for iS 92, It contau:s otic hundred

VAUIIil'SI handsomely photo-er.;ra\'lOgs printed and and colored illustrated plates with It is ac-a Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizersare
of American Horticulture locate and so made that they keep up a Vigorous, Healthy Growth, and remain. in the
Seeds ow*the recent attainments ot this alt. side by soil until the Tree or Plant can take it up.
'='\Ptants lti irdeus.wIth The the descriptsous good old! ptaute,plain and of our reasonablewill fathers' Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

commend themselves to real lovers uf good gardening and its contents so fully
O. B. WEEZ State
cover all branches of this absorbing subject that we say Agent,
I@IT TELLS THE WHOLE STORY: -a ]No. S Bostwlck Block.
for the Garden Lawn aud Farm and represents one of the most complete :r
assortments of garden supplies in the wond. For 250 we mail with the BOOK Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free
one packet Chicago Parks" Pansy Seed or one plant new French Rose upon aj} p Ucation.i .
Star of Gold. Write for Free CATALOGUE now. MEN nox PAPERVAUGHAN'S \ Our fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever they have beer

SEED STORE. Bag CHICAGO. b8 state St. used. 10-29-Gm

," .

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"C' -





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L _-. .
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7---:: ..._ .- .


u<<:The Steamships of this Line are ap-

pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both ways.; t.o .

; "t .' .- (STANDARD:TTIME.)
From New York. From Jacksonville,
4 (I'icr 29. 1!. R.) STEAMER Florida.

# Wt'dncsday.Fcb. 24th, at 3 P. M."IROQUOIS.Tuesday, Mar. ist, at 6-00: A. M
Friday. Feb 26h, at 3 P. ,.(...... "YEMASSEN..Thursday: Mar. 3d. at 8:oo A. M i .
Monday. Feb. 29111,013. M...... "ALG"='QUIN.".........unday, Mar. 6th, at 1030A.U:: i1b.
y+ WCtlnesdavtar.- 3 P. M "CHEROKEE.".....Tuesday Mar. 8th. at 12:30: P. M Y
t Friday, Mar. 4th. at3 r," )f..... *' EMINOLEThursday: Mar. loth, at 200: P. M

Monday. Mar. 7th. at 3 P. M....... "IKOQUOIV. ......"undty, Mar I3th. at 4:30: A. M ,......... ....
; Wednesday, Mar. 3 H M....... "VKllA SEh."......Tuesday Mar. J5tM, at 6ouA.M w .
Friday Mar. .lIth.at3 .J!:... ....".AI.GONQUIN..Thur'day.Iar.. I7th. at 7:00: A. M
Monday, Mar. 14th. at 3 P. u.i6thvat3ivt...... ""CHEROKEE" ....Sunday.'hKMINOLE Mar. 2oth. at 930: A. M
....' ".......
tiVethtt-sday'Mar.; .i' : Tuesday Mar. sea: at XllOO: A. M
Friday Mar. i8th, at 3 P. Mai ..........IROQUOIS". .....Thursday, Mar. 24th. at 1-00: P. M
)lot1tay'lar rt .t, at 3 P. M.:.. ."YI-MAr* PE." ......!Sunday.t 1\ ..OOA.M
P Wednesday; Mar 2yt. at 3 P. M......'. ALGONQUIN." .....Tuesday, Mar. 29th at 500 A.,M TStemmer
Friday. Mar. 25th ai 3 0. Kuu..;:"CHEKOKEE.".....Thursday Mar. 3ist, at 7:00 A. M
Monday Mar. 2Sth. at 31'. M;;....." SH nNJLu." .....Sunday, Apr 3rd at 9:30 A. M
Wednesday Mar. 30th, at.3 p.. M..... IROQUOIS:::;," Tuesday Apr. 5th, at Ii:30 A. MST. G. Cl'1ristopl1er
I f ..* i i v-- : : John :


'For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on Thursday February 25,at 3 p. m. Thursday, March 3, at 8 a. m.

This afeantal.ipbaabrenbuilt especially for .nl'rlll"u Fruit and Vryetublcs, and it
j St... Johns River. perfrftlfrtntilatvd.. Time bettrrni ,Tn.kllourlll*.ntul AVir York 7' hours.W. .


"' ...1. t r->,The'IkgantIron; .Side-Wheel Steamers Agent, Jacksonville. Agent, New York, Gen'l Man'r JacksonvillePier
p 49, East River.


<1J t.t C (:J... SAVANNAH LINE.Time
F TI W. A. SHAW, .

.... .j'.-; "F IED'I;;.; : DeBARY,99 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

# 'rJr,... fCAPT. ;T:. W. LUND, JR., between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

I ,utxcappolnted to .sail from Jacksonville! .daily, except Saturday at 3-30: p. m and from Sanford
daily except Sunday: at 9 a. m.

Leave 3:30: p. :.f.......... ............. ....Jacksonville.............................Arme 1145= p. M
".. 8:00 p. M.... ............... .......PalaUa.................. .............Leave 7.00: p. M
i jo A.M.......................... ...Astor.!' .................................. 2-00 P.M PA8t3AQ0 R c tesa:
f M 2:45 A. Francis...............,............... 12=45 p. M
.". 5: JA..M..l.L.......,.. .... ."...Beresford6x ................................ 11=45 A. v Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class. Jzs.60; Intermediate $19.03; Excursion $43.50
: A. M..........................Dlue >prings.......................... .... .. iroo: A. M Peerage, $12.50.
Arrive 8:oo 0\. M.............................Sanfotd.........*.............. ...... ". 9:00: A. M and Boston!' Cabin. $27.00 Intermediate $21.00 Excursion $47.30 Steerage, $14.23
o.,...l_*_... 9115.: .A...iif.;;. ,'....-t'.r" ......::.V.u.Enterprise.............................. 4t 9-30 A. M Jacksonville The! magnificent Steamships: of this Company; are appointed;to,sail as follows! : ;

,General. .Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St..Jacksonville.F. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. .

,' 1'1. IRONMONGER. Jr.. Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St.. Jacksonville Fla. [Central or 90Meridian Time.]
+ W. J>'. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger!' Agent, 5 Bowling Gre l1. New York. Tallahassee.*.Wednesday.! March\ :3d.8.00 a.m
I J. O. PELOT Freight Agent. on wharf, foot of Hog n Street Jacksonville. Fla. Kansas March\ 4th 9.30 a.m
JOHN L. IIOWAlll). M.irida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla.JJf Chattahoochee.......................... ...........................Saturday, March 5th. 1030 a.ltI
aK A. LESLIE;: Superintendent fojtXaura Street Jacksonville. Ha. \ March 7th i.oop.ra
MARSHALL II. CLYDE; Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York. City of llirmiiiRhum.W ursday. March 9th 200 a.m
I, j TIIEO. G. EGEK, Traffic Manager Cowling Green New York.WM. City of Augusta. March nth.43opm
Tallahassee! ... Match uth.soop.ra
P. CL-Y3JE & CO., Gen'l Agents Kansas ... March I4 ,
,.'l It Chattahoochee...Wediiesday, March i6th 7.00 a.mNacoochee
1 ?South Wharves;.Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York. )'.March iSlh.S.coa '
t..; a t City of liirmiiiKliam.aturday.. March 19th. 9.3oa.m
City of..\ : .. l\londay.l\larch 2M 10.30 a.raTallahassee
...Wednesday. :March 23d.
"' *2.30a.m
J3fIFRAY mm i Kansas .IlIy.1\larch t th.3oop.m;\
: !tIIEEExcSElsloyR L'lutttahoochee. .. Suturdny March a6ih, 4.00 p.m
f IIItfl Wormy Pratt and Loaf, Blight of >1t\ ] Vacoocliee.)1 on day. March 28th.5 30 p m
t j Gripe and Potato Hot Plum ; OCTFITH,1 City of ISirmlngham.\\"cdn y. March 30th,6.30a.m
IDS all toiarioas insects to Fruits mailed free stock of Frn i t Treem Vi n rW
, and Merry L'lants! M Uottoua i'rices. Icldzosa \,Quincy' Iiltr .; Hate City.Thnr ay.. March 3d 8.30 a.m
y .' .. City of Macon "" ), March 10th.<4.00 p.m
:t. (:ate Citv........................... ................................Thursday, March 171h, 7.30a.m
.Thursday.' March 24111,
<<:t"i City of joopm
" ADL'ISHED 1575. Gate City. March 31st, 7.30a.m
i '

r vv I.B: :.1I: iiA.11b1.1..: : ..C.9.. ::BeUFI..Si.: ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.! )

P > "'.' "4t: DessouR..................................................".............Thursday.!' March 3d,8.30 n.ra
_i j" WHOLESALE ])eMMOl1J:. Sunday. March I3th,5.00 A.m
J Dessouff.Wednesday, March 23d i.oop.m

} 'hj'Grain', Garden. l J.: Seeds and Fertilizers THESE PALACE STEAMERS" .

r W".EsT'B : Connecting with the vanna'i. Florida and Wes'ern Railway (Waj cross Short Line),offer to the
,20. Y STREET, JACKSONVILLE FLA Traveling Public and 1 shippers IIdva" "\ es equalled by no other Hue.
t r ,, Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North east and Northwest via
bavantiah. For iuformatiou and rooms!' apply toB.
77 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West B-.y Street. JacksonvilleR.L.WAI.KF.R.

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran,Wheat Grits Meal New Pier. No.. Agent 35. North River New York. City I'.xchan C. G.>.e ANUKRSON.Building Savannah Agent. Ca.
RICHARDSON; & DAk?ARD. Agents, Lewis:! Wharf Boston.
COTTONSEED MEAL Both W !..JAM KS. Agent. 13 -.Third Street. Philadelphia.J. : .
l : :! Bright and Dark. D. IIA'HAGEN, Eastern Agent, ::;av., Fla. & We ten Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N.Y.
G. M. SORRUa", Managers W. E. ARNOLD,Gen.Trav. Agt., Jacksonville, Fla.
1 For Tickets apply to S.. F. & W.Railway office.

; "j* E. T : 4 Co.>* A BON you need stationery of any kind-paper.
Tygerj NITRATE SODA, pens and ink? If J'oO. send Jacksonville to DaCosta Printing SIGKL( Y
and Publishing! house
t Star ,.__ ___

Comprising BACE s ... I U PPLI ESAIIKlrtdS.W"tu.ecz..04;
Orange Tree SULPHATE POTASH, W EllS subject to SPASMS anr.utct 11..11 troubled with
Vegetable .Wrnd3SttanNachy.ErrcclopedICl'Se. WORMS The rout r"" 'pEar'r zEg. KAINI Era. American Well Works Aurora,IILXIl3S.CfAl.ST..CHICAGOlLL.
I Been .
I These Fertilizer'Ease no superior in the market and a trial will convince. ELM STRXET.DALLAS TEXAS.f lranclt Narwa tanJ'tbaJ' ,t+U1tU.I. .r.Btfi'cfi a tJa;,_....wunatm1tatlaDs

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.'..,. "., .. .THE FLORIDA DISPATCIt'F: AND FRUIT GROWER. -.' f MARCH 3,1892, .

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=. ': Blood and Bone, Chicago Bone Meal,

Pure Fine Ground Bone, -Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal. ,

Animal Bone and Potash, t Tobacco Stems,

: : Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada,

.. :.. 6Pulverized[ Animal Bone, Sulphate. of Potash, &0.

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: .. Fruit' : : : : : :
: : ; : : ; Trees: ::

Vegetable and.: :]J Potato Grro-: ver.

":.:GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla.

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As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export good quality and
land oranges in good condition in the foreign markets. .
.. Messrs. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest, test and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of.the Liverpool nurlet, that the demand is now so large that 5,000
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival. .
*,. As one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a large importer 01 fruit from England, my knowlfdgo of the carrying ability of steamers enablesme
to select the best to ship by.
Representing the best tirms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my own house in London, are also further reason why shippers should send through me.
',' In order to export oranges, shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition( to forward, I will have the same placed on the and fastest steamer and send a Bill of Lading as evidence of shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to t"xport, I will either turn the.lot over to any New York
-fi m the owner may designate,.orell'it: .myself at auction.
The best steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool, so that a cable report of sales is received in New York in twelve days after, sailing. A check covering about the
f. a *.mntof the proceeds is then sent on account to the shipper. by me. In twenty days from date of shipment from Florida it is thus possible to have the proceeds in
the hands of the shippers.
I Please note the following facts : -
Large sizes of oranges, 112's-126's, bring as much as 150's and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green anti art- sour, the earliest possible shipments pay.
A;. Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest! prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New York later than December
1st. There is no demand after the. holidays until March 1st. .
', Advances of 75c. per box on your fruit will be made to.such shippers. as need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached.
Mu Further. particulars and stencils will be furnished by
t E. L. GOODSEIiL, No. 103 Park Placer ,


;;7;, ..... No. 15 Philpot Lane, London, Eng.Ii" .
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Ic,. ,: : t I Bowker'sJZegetable


.:,. Grower.
., 7 It F I


: "Uniform good results In every retpect
the very best hi Fertilizer I ever
used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oak
1 VI Groves, Manatee, *Ja. .

VEGETABLES GROW in 60 to 90 days,

do best on a manure thatis
r available and about ready to nourish.

BERlJlhIZERS Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,
: made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

I'' is composed of chemicals especially adapted to
ABSOLUTELY TilE BEST. Quality Never Tarter 29 yean'actual test in the Field'' proves them tote
unequalled for raising large crops. The purity of the component materials and thesdentific: accuracy -, I vegetables, which feed this class of crops in a
with which they are combined make IJradley's' Fertilizer the most perfect well as the most manner to produce a healthy growth which withstands .
economical plant-food the orange or vegetable grower can use. Send for beautifully illustrated I
pamphlet t disease and matures early. For sound,

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO., 27 Kilby St., Boston j ;pUGUSTASGA.I : : : t 1 the delicious BOWKER vegetables Fertilizers.of good shipping quality, usa

FARMERSSawaI14Grlllt:7l1U..J> : free.H.P., ;: Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
Ca. !

I : KI"IEI 253 Bushels of Corn Per Acre I BOWKER FERTILIZER ) A. M. BOND, CEN'L AGENT
was made with our RIVAL CORN by Mr Drake J
of Marlborough County S. C. We have im-:
PIANOS. proved our corn 24 years. We guarantee it to j
make one-fourth more than any corn in America i
Shells pound of corn per ear. Pure white-flint f
: UNEQUALLED INTone grains nearly an inch long. Matures iu 100 days,
We'want a good man in each section to sell it
i .:r,, ;. ,Touch,workmanship n Durability this plenty spring.printed We matter pay with well.your Good address samples, 25 and cts.
. Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. We give$ioo.ooin premiums Writeat THOMAS P.SIMPSON,Washington I-pEPAIR ;our old family Bibles; make them aa
!t New York, 148 Fifth Ave. once. Address, FARMER'S SEED CO.. PATENTS D.Steatty's fee until Patent obj/j 1\ good 1t:4 new. DaCosta Printing and PHD-
I k Washington, 817 Market Space. 2-i8-eow-4t Orangeburg C. talned. Write for Inrentor'.Quid' | lishing Hou>e,Jacksonville,Fla. ...

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