Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
February 18, 1892
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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Proprietors. 18, 892. o. 1202 '01. ,Vf y0t 7



Has proved to be the earliest and finest grape In Florida,being fully two weeks earlier than Niag- .c :::
57 CHATHAM 'ST., BOSTON. ara.' All the White Diamond grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shipped oV'
direct by the Diamond White Grape Company, of Rochester, N. Y. They are guaranteed to be
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished strong, vines and for the follows
.healthy two-year-old our pnces same are as :
on application. (A
FOR CASH, $22 PER 10O'or$20O( PER 1,000. s'_

e.W.ARNETT. 186C.' J. H.Jl..BNETl'tESTABLISHED ON TIME, $40, $35 or $30 PER 100, ACCORDING TO ] ==


BROS., for price list and descriptive pamphlet giving terms for vineyard planting on time. Address =....
BARNETT AGENTS E. DUBOIS, BOX 182, Tallahassee, Fla. General Agent Diamond White 1-4 c. ..
o .
.. Grape Company for Florida and Georgia.Also _
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. full stock of Niagara. Delaware, Ives, Cynthiana, Norton,Chassellas, Black Hamburg and o ='
all other leading and new varieties ofgrape vines,native and foreign. C7Q

Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Vegetables. I -- --

PALMER_Prompt return,SUCCESSORS Stencil RIVENBURG m"Vwith on W application..TO trrr &t.Chlr CO.",,gp., NEW BEANS NEW PRICES And Building Material.CHARLESTONS.. .C.

G. S. PALMER We now have in stock an extra fine lot of crop of 1891 beans at following prices:
" 166 Jteade' Street,Xetv York.
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. Hastings' Excelsior Refugee......... $1.50 S5 Improved Golden Wax............... 1.50 5.50
Oranges. lemons, Pineapples, and all other Improved Round Pod Refugee. 1.25 BU'I Wardwell's Kidney Wax............ 1.50 5.50
Fruits and early truck also dried fruits,nuts. Improved Red Valentine.......... 1.25 Flageolet Wax....................... i.Co 5.75 FLA.,
furs.etc. Improved Extra Early Red Valentine, 1.40 5-co I 9
All consignments promptly remitted for. Sten
cils and market reports furnished free. H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Interlachen, Fla.Our .
References: Bradstreets,and established merchants IRRIGATING
and banks of THE the South._ 40-page catalogue with revised price-list free on application.


Heir, .7 are acid Elegant 1'lant of livery MACHINERY

Palms, Orchids Iearriptlon, Cacti and; Bamboos. The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers. BOTH

Shade and ornameat= trees and shrubs for South- PEACHES AND PLUMS.
ern lawn*and gardens. Choice exotic plants A
for the greenhouse or conservatory. No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel. No. 34-i6-quart gift crate STEAM! HORSE POWBR
ORANGE AND LEMON TREESin No. 42-4 It one-half Bushel. I No. 36-32- It It
all the leading varieties budded from bearing No. 56-2' I' it NO.30-32- Standard crate.
trees on our own grounds and .
guar- -
anteed true to name. Send for catalogues,prices and samples. .

Fruits.All the Our New 88 page and Illustrated Desirable and Descriptive Tropical SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va. PIPE, PIPE FITTING, BRASS

Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and
is sent free to applicant AddressR.
D. HOYT Manager' ,

_Seven Oaks, Fla. R. M. BURROWS & CO., Write for Estimates.



Nursery Co., Tnoma* -
64 TWe are not connected in any way with any so-c+lkd Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling:
prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited. REFERENCESMercantile National Bank ; -- '-- Six days ...u.... ibno
Trade Mark.HOLMS' Wm. Edwards & Co.. Wholesale Grocers; Childs Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots* & Shoes; Bradstreets' any varteiv' ti?,red at the
and R.G.Dun &Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer,"Cleveland. Agrlru'fl Fz. Ground
at o.nt>T8.K Y.. Colo
Will Make Hens Lay I greenish*Mte pulp
tender, sweet and de11"00" .
Will Make Chickens Growl I Southernmost Florist Establishment in U. S. The only tmpt
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. earllarts that ranki and first quality.bolb ID
This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully .e. ir w Q bath Tine sealed with
F ESTABLISHED 1883. r..lrlIleJM! trad-
cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermeti- I 1WiM''"$ cur nark label bend lor
cally sealed In 8-lb cans Being ground tine,It r a Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids Ferns, a...'?u,.'.. rlr format'Ion. Agents w.ote4
1 3. the whole Autxs BIEPbUJ* ifoYTtft MJ"iB.Z'ew Canaao C*
Bamboos,Cactus.Conifers Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over i
can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed I
world. Fine illustrated catalogue of too pages sent on receipt of xoc. Clean
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Pric
80 eta per can; S3 per doz. Address HOLLI8 .i4 ;PO' healthy stock. Low prices. FENCINGWlRERGPESELVAfiE.


BnRtnn. Maas fMention paper.' .


Giant. Parry's.Japan Walnuts.Japan Golden
Russet, Idaho and Keiffer Pears Eleagnus
Ixmglpes Hardy Oranges and other valuable Ten acres devoted to testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million
novelties. Small Fruits Grapes etc. Fruit, ((250.000)) nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-92 is the most com-
Shade and Nut trees. Ornamental Shrubs Vines, prehensive we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application., Address

etc. Illustrative Descriptive WILLIAM Catalogue G. L. TABER, :-: Glen St. Mary, Fla. RABBIT & POUITBYixrunwomwittraceCO..CHICUQ FE CrnlatFaia

1-28-301 Parry,yew Jersey.

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ArT APPLICATION 01:1'THE : ---:'







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Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign remedy

for the various forms of fund on trees and plants. Beine: free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature. it can

handled with perfect safety to the person and apolied to the trees at any stage of growth without injury.

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has wenoerfect

satisfaction. References furnished on application. .

FOR RUST MITE USE ONE OUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. \When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed

for the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes principal item of expense in spraying trees it is better ,

and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One allon of solution to to; gallons of water, as the fumes from the InsectIcide

will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. )In using the Insecticide this strenplh it will save

three or four sprayings through{ the season, thereby reducing{! the cost from one-third to onehalf.Tin's is an Advantage Possessed by

no Other Preparation of Sulphur. if used in this manner it will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon to fifty pallons of water. General directions for usinp- sent on application.
PRICE 20c. PER GALLON in barrels. If there is no agent: in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at cost.McMASTER.

& MILLER San Mateo and CitraFla. V
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'Wi:t.. AND

T h. e pi 1 o i* :1 <3L A :JI.: s :p a, 1; 0 h. : :.. :113.0:

y With the Magnificent Connections.

$ The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

Tne attention of shippers IP directed to the riant 8. 8. Line between av9Da.Key Wept and 'JUT Ta,aDd nth Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford,8.,F.&: W.Ry.between -
Jacksonville. ,Gainesville' ,Bainbridge, River Junction and Pavannah,Savannah and CbprJ F1f'n.and Crtl'n Steamship Lire between fravanntb,Pi lladelphla,EoMon and New
York,and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The lest equipped: ,fastest and noel prompt lines between all points In Florida and all
points North and Northwest.),Receiver and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections: .
Double dally fast freight service foi all points West via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fat freight service' firm all points! North and West via Albany,Bainbridge,
Savannah, Jesup and Savannah to ull points In Florida;fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville
Daily fast freight all rail ronnecticn via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior ,Callahan and Lh'e Oak.
and Coast points, including New:York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
Providence.Four New York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday.and
connections a week for New York via Ocean.Steamship Companyleaving Savannah SaturdayThe
Mondays, Wednesdays Fridays and Saturdays.Two Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 4,1L
connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants'' and Miners'Transportation Company 18 and 25 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast
,leaving savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for loll points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah:! Steamship! Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia May 9,19 and 29,
June"11, 18 and 25.f every five days from regular railing day via New' York to Savannah.
f Connections for PblladeJphla every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miner Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
Savannah June 4.14 and 24. Friday, making close connection with S.,F.A: W.Ry.for all point in Florida.
Balling days for Steamships are subject change without notice.

The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest!and best freight route from all points North,East *i d Y CM to})U'-9.' Per full))raiticulart,rate,ste>;cils and shipping receipts apply l to
any agents of the above lines,or to WM.P.HARDEE,Gen'l Freight gent,Savannah,Oa .'
01IX OWENS,Trade Manager,Savannah,Ga F.B.PAFY,Asst.Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. M.DAVIDSON, Gen'l Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fli i
J.P..JoBDSN,Trav.Agent,Quincy. J.E DB Y roN,Tray" Agent,'Jacksonville.w;t ?.',. J.H.STEPHENS,Agent,Jacksonville.
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long and ripen thoroughly, and are ognized, and although the demand

lJ1te Vineyard, gathered when the weather is cool. may display a lack of both taste and C roe and Orchard,

. -- -- ......,....,, -- < Your crop, like ours, is rushed to ma judgment, it cannot be ignored. If I
Edited, by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. turity by the hot sun of June and were to plant a vineyard to-morrow, ORANGE BUST-No. 2.

July, and alter a trip of even a few with the object of shipping to the great
Grapes and Birds. hundred miles in a hot express car, markets of the East and West. I would The evidence that rust follows as a

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: with the thermometer away in the have three-fourths of the space devoted to sequence upon the depredations of

As grape growing seems to be on a nineties, the fruit will be found to be Concords, and in some of the remain- the so-called rust mite, is circumstantial -
boom in Florida just now, perhaps a rather than direct, but it wouldbe
badly damaged, and will rot quickly ing room I would plant Jelawaresand
for the birds will be
remedy held sufficient to convict the cul-
after reaching its destination. Reason Niagaras. If, however, these varietieswill
ciated by those about to embark in prit in any court, except before a
able crops near good markets; will not succeed or flourish in certain
the business. To save the crop from Florida petit jury, Oranges marked
pay, but the man who expects to localities, the selection must be left to
the depredations of the little feathered and kept under observation, but
make a fortune shipping grapes long the discretion of the grower. I am
thieves, and afterwards to get it to allowed to remain upon the tree,
distances! in July will surely "get left. reviewing the subject from the receiv
market in good order, are the two have in all cases rusted after being
I have known grapes to be a drug in er's or distributor's standpoint, and as
most difficult problems to be solved. Galveston at three to five cents a such I am entirely familiar with the overrun by the mites. Those upon
With plenty of potash or ashes and pound. views or wants of customersP. which no mites appeared have remained -

bone meal, and a rigid determinationnot bright to maturity.A .
Wine making will always be profit- M. KIELY.
to let the vines overbear, there able, and to that Florida St. Louis very large number of observa-
grape growers
will be no trouble in raising an abun- >-.-i tions show a close connection be-
look for
must a paying dispositionof
dance of grapes in Florida. their fruit, if the business assumes Grafting: the Grape. tween the occurrence of mites upon

First, as to saving the fruit from the large The distinguished vineyardist of the foliage and rust on the fruit, so
birds. The shotgun will do it if proportions.H. that it may be stated, as a rule, when
M. STRINGFELLOW. California Mr. Geo. Husmann
enough of them are employed, but if Hitchcock. Texas. says the foliage of a tree retains its gloss

you have the leaf-rollers bad as we >-.-. in the Napa Register: the fruit also will be bright; and, con-

have them here, it will be poor policyto View of a Northern Receiver. "Having practiced grafting the vine versely, when the condition of the

kill the birds. Before the grapes Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: since 1852 and always with an eye leaves indicates the presence of mitesin

ripen they can be seen daily goingover The public demand, which all growers to the easiest and niost successful great numbers, the fruit will be

the vines and devouring these are interested in, has been runningso discolored;
destructive little and but for methods, I have naturally picked up
worms, heavily on the Concord in all the RUST OF FRUIT AND LEAVES GO TO-
them the vines would be stripped of. great cities the present season.that it some experience, and, will sum up the GETHER.

their leaves and the fruit cooked by is clearly the grape for the million. gist of it for the benefit of those readers
The above is found to be true, not
the sun. Never have the white varieties beenso who may want to practice it,
only of the entire tree, but of restricted -
An infallible is
remedy to plant True there is demandfor
neglected. a either for grafting better varieties or
Thus the or the
plenty of fig trees around and .a row ( the Niagara, yet the most liberal grafting on resistant stocks. parts. upper
lower branches, or one side of an
or two through the vineyard. Don'tbe buyer would want only a few baskets,
in the house
"Grafting or shop
tree will produce rusty fruit
afraid of the birds in. Youcan't orange
tolling while of the Concords he would want
which is successfully done with the
while that on the other pjrts of the
hide the but
grapes, you can nine-tenths of his grape purchase apple and other fruits, and then tree remains brignt In such cases
save them by giving the birds some- With five six varieties before
or placed planting in rows in spring, I
nursery there will always be a marked differ-
thing they like better. The grape is him he will say: "Give me twenty five have not found successful, as but few ence in the condition of the foliage

evidently an unsatisfactory dish any- Concords, two Niagaras and two Del- of them grew, and even those few did the two parts, and the leaves
as is proved by the fact that the that upon
in about .
way awares, or proportion.The not make a satisfactory growth. I surrounding the affected fruit will in
bird sticks his bill twice
hardly ever Martha Elvira similar varieties
or know that it is still upheld and followed dicate more or less clearly the workof
into the same berry. They are all I he did not want at any price, and we by some, but I cannot recommend the mites.
the time hunting for something more could not actually sell them at Con
it. I have always had the best Other and perhaps more conclusive
substantial than grape juice, and the cord prices, and they were usually and most uniform success in the vine-I particulars of this circumstantial evi-
tender pulp of the fig exactly fills the forced on unwilling buyers at a reduc
yard on vines strong enough to hold dence that the mite is the cause of
bill. I have of vines
a row grape tion.Not the graft firmly, and when the sap was rust will be better understood when
within about one hundred yards of has the demand for white
only in rapid motion, say in our climate in the habits of the insect itself have
half a dozen large fig trees of the little shown a marked decline as
grapes April and May. Of course scions been considered.
Yellow Celeste that stand on a neigh- compared with the demand for the should be kept dormant, in a cool,

bor's ground. Before the figs or black grape, but the call for white shady place, buried in sand or light TRACES OF THEIR PRESENCE.

grapes ripen my vines are full of grape wine has been equally discour soil to their full length, with the cut- The rust mites (we call them such,

mocking birds and little Mexican can- aging. Our leading and most successful tings reversed, that, is, the upper buds though their right to the title is not

aries, the most destructive of all, grower and wine maker in this downward and the lowerbuds up. The yet proven, in the course of these

hunting the worm, but as soon as the county informed me, only a few weeks object in this is to prevent the upper articles) do not permanently infest

figs begin to ripen, which is just be ago, that in planting twelve acres of buds from starting too early, as it is either the surface of the leaf or the

fore the grapes, they bid me goodbyeand the Elvira, four or five years ago, when from these we expect the new growthon rind of the fruit, but wander off to

leave me to enjoy my grapes in that variety was all the rage, he madea the graft. It makes no difference, fresh feeding-grounds when, through

peace. I saw the same thing in the fatal mistake; that after all the Concord in experience, how much the : their combined attacks, all the access-
of my 'ible oil cells have been of
city Houston-beautiful bunchesof was the grape for commercial growth on the stock has started emptied

Concords and other kinds with nota purposes and profit. Even the Ca already young although after May the sea- their contents, or the tissues have

berry touched, while the fig trees tawba, which has been a prime favorite son for the growth of the graft will be been too much hardened by advancing

within a few yards were alive with : with consumers and wine makers for so much shorter and it would be difficult maturity to be easily penetrated by

:birds. I. so many years, has fallen from grace, to keep the scion in a dormantstate. their beaks.
MARKETING.As and now side by side with the Concordand ." The effects of their punctures upon

to the second problem, that of I. at the same price is badly neglected. the cellular structure of the plant,

getting the crop to market in good The demand is steadily centering IF TOUR BACK .ArIIJiR) however, continue after their departure -

order, the solution is not so easy. on the Concord or something very Or you are,all it is worn general out,debility.really good Try for nothing and upon the fruit rust developswith

.Northern and. California grapes ripen I similar, to the exclusion of other sorts. BrtOirA'A IKON JtlTTEJtS.It and. giTO a varying interval, depending
will cure you,cleanse your liver,
in the fall, and are allowed to hang The wants of the public must be rec- a good appetite. possibly upon the relative humidity of


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the air. Usually the discoloration is several weeks after reaching the adult Experience will show if the solutionis for the entire production of their

very apparent after the lapse of a stage. The number of eggs depositedis strong enough. If not, more sulphur groves, which are usually of small extent -
week, and the rind continues to also uncertain, but it is probably can be used in preparing.One (the outcome of the wreck of the
harden indefinitely, or as long as it is I not abnormal, and the enormous i or two dustings with sulphurwill Providential), by selling the nuts for
exposed to the atmosphere.THE populousness of their colonies must be I kill -them on the egg plants.or planting, at four cents each. A soundnut

RUST MITE. attributed to rapid development and strawberries without injury to the will produce one, two and fre-

The so called rust insect (Typhlo ro- comparative immunity from enemies leaves, but neither canteloupe nor cu- qently three sprouts, the latter number -
mus ohivoruSt Ashm.) is a four.legged and parasites rather than to excessive cumber will stand sulphur without being one for each eye, and these
mite, honey-yellow in color and about fecundity. burning. If the sulphur is sifted be- sprouts sell readily at fifteen cents
three times as long as broad. The FOOD. I fore putting in the bellows it is much each when well started. This affordsa

body is cylindrical, widest near the This evidently consists of the essential easier to apply.H.. good profit in a small way, but how
anterior extremity, and tapers behind, oil which abounds in all succulent M. STRINGFELLOW.Hitchcock long this source will be available is an

terminating in two small lobes, which parts ol the orange and its congeners, ,Texas. open question. Just now there is a
assist the animal in crawling and en and which the mites obtain by penetrating The late ex-Governor Safford once rage for planting, both for commer-
able it to cling firmly to the surface with their sucking beaks' the recommended glubo very highly asa cial and decorative purposes; but
upon which it rests. Sparing the I cells which lie immediately beneaththe remedy for red spider, stating that whether the demand for the formerof
reader the uninteresting details'of a epidermis. That they do not feed he had used it with most satisfactoryresults these uses will be maintained,

minute scientific description, we may upon the chlorophyl is shown by the on his orange trees. He probably depends much upon the suc-
say, in a word, that the rust mite color of their intestinal contents, which mixed forty or fifty pounds of it in a cess of Mr. Osborne's experiment.
has of but is of clear kerosene barrel full of water and -
bears a general resemblance in shapeto no tinge green, a
it the leaves fine mist.It The Hammock Orange.To .
sprayed on in a
the seal, with its body divided into yellow, unmistakably indicating the
from which it was found necessary to make sev- such an orange an insignificantfall
about thirty sections or rings, all its source comes.
eral of it week bruise undue of the
applications a apart, or as pressure
four legs in front and none behind, WANDERING
HABITS. of them would kill all the insects abrasion the
as none finger tips or an at stem
the tail ending in two long bristles
While engaged in feeding, the mites the but the first in and should be
on eggs; spray- pulling ( they never
which trail behind the insect as it
remain quiet for a length of time vary ing than all the of the
destroys probably more pulled), rasping on edge
crawls along. The length of the
ing from a few minutes to half an the others put together, and is conse sorter jolting in the picker's sack, or
adult mite is about inch.
5-1000 hour. They then move on a short quently very important. He also the contact ot the sharp stem if clipped,
The do not differ essentiallyin
young distance and again become motion- found glubo an excellent article to any of these things will prove fatal,
structure from the adults, but are
less. If disturbed, they have a habitof clean the bark of hide bound trees. and anyone can verify it by experi-
thick and short almost cordiform
their the
erecting foreparts upon -Ed. ment. Between the carrying capacityof
and the legs are very short. leaves, as the seal does on a rock, -t-.-4 such an orange and one from a
The eggs, which are deposited clinging to the surface by the anal The Largest Cocoanut.Grove in the thirsty sand hill, there is somethingof
singly or in little clusters the
proleg. World. the difference between a lightwoodknot
surface of the leaves, are spherical, When dissatisfied with their
sur In the last number of the American and an egg-plant; certainly as
transparent and of a yellow tinge. rout dings or when food becomes Garden Mr. James K. Reeve writes much as between cauliflower and
Their diameter is than halt that
more they wander about
scarce, restlessly some entertaining particulars of the onions.
of the mother its widest and
at ,
put and travel considerable
undoubtedly cocoanut grove of Mr. Ezra Os- Such oranges are usually from ham-
they probably increase in size by the .
distances. Their rate of progress on borne, embrbacing about 3,000 acres mock land, are always difficult to
absorption of moisture after they are a smooth surface is rather rapid, stretched in a narrow strip forty- handle, but in wet sea
laid. Otherwise the of the
body amounting to ten or twelve feet per five miles along the coast of Dade sons, or when picked soon after heavy
mite could not contain than
more hour. Therefore it is not surprisingto county, Florida, and including some rains. With vegetables there is the
three or four fully developed ova.. find them changing their position of the adjacent keys. Mr. Reeve's same trouble. Dr. Oemler, the well-

LIFE HISTORY. frequently ; disappearing suddenly estimate as to the cost of marketing known authority on gardening in the
In hot weather the eggs hatch in from one part of a tree and appearingas I the nuts does not agree with those ot South, then speaks of this waterloggedtruck.
four or five days, but in winter their suddenly in great numbers upon practical men with whom we conversed "Unfavorable weather may
development is more or less retardedby another and distant part ol the same; on Indian River. It is too endow the farmer's produce with a

cold, although it is not entirely tree. low.Ve quote: nature so unstable as entirely to destroy -
arrested even by frost, and the dura It is not to be understood that the In the great markets of New York, the carrying capacity. For the

tion of the egg period seldom exceedstwo mites show any concert of action in Baltimore and Liverpool, prices have last two seasons the very wet weather

weeks. moving their colonies, or that they are usually ranged from $3 to $6 per 100, prevailing over the entire South so
The young are of a bright, translucent in any other sense gregarious than never going as low as $2. From this filled them with superabundant moisture -
yellow in color. Within a weekor that they are usually found very grove, they could be placed in eitherof as to impart to them a tendency to
ten days they undergo a meta thickly scattered over those parts of an these markets at an expense of not decay, and most of such shipments arrived -
morphosis or molt, during which the infected tree which offer favorable more than one cent each. Figure the in bad order." Undoubtedlythis
insect remains dormant for about conditions for their support. Thus profit upon the whole for yourself.It trouble is not so great with or-

forty-eight hours.Vith its legs, the new growth of many orange trees might range anywhere from $i- anges, and my own experience wouldgo
which are placed close together and becomes occupied by them as rapidlyas 250,000 to $2,500,000 or more per to show that with exceeding care
stretched out in line with the body; the leaves fully mature, and the annum. "There's millions in itl"! they can always be sent through
and with its two lobed, anal praleg it numbers upon a single leaf may be estimated Yet notwithstanding these glittering safely.(

clings closely to the surface of the at many thousands. possibilities, it is by no means certain An experienced eye can always tella
... .
leaf.: The form becomes more elon- that a single nut will ever find its way, hammock orange from a pine land
gate and spindle-shaped. The bodyof Remedies for Red Spider. intact, to the great markets of the orange by its smooth glossy skin, and
the transforming mite separates Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: world, There are few trees which such an orange will always bring a
from the old skin, which becomes Apropos of the red spider, this is will yield such a diversity of useful better price in market, although more

pellucid and empty at the extremities: an old acquaintance, and gave me products as this, and this enterpriseis difficult to carry. When ordinary
and finally splits longitudinally, re great trouble twenty years ago on Gal- being conducted on a scale that hammock and Indian River orangesare
leasing the renovated mite. The rejected -: veston Island. It not only infests suggests that these products will be intermixed, the task of separatingthem
pellicle is left firmly adheringto orange trees, but is very destructiveto made available in every manner is difficult if not impracticable.The .
the surface on which it rests, but is strawberry plants, egg plants, can- which science and commerce can superiority of Indian River fruitis
in time removed by the action of the teloupe and cucumber vines, as it always propose. As yet no effort has been attributed to shade trees protecting
weather and much sooner from the attacks the under side of the made to gather or dispose of the nuts I them from robbery of moisture by the

leaves than from the rind of the fruit. leaf; a solution. of sulphur will infall- which have already been produced, sun and wind, together with a large
The adult mite is slightly darker ibly destroy it if thoroughly applied. altnough many of the trees first percentage of humus in the soil.

than the young in color, and becomesmore Such a solution is easily and cheaply planted have fruited somewhat for a While this is all true, probably the
opaque as it grows older. No made by taking a peck of strong year or two. But as this product is most important thing of all is left out
sexual differences have been distin- \ rock lime and slacking with hot water. scattering, and small as comparedwith of the account-standing water near
guished nor has the act of confiningbeen While boiling add one or two poundsof the expectations from the entire the surface. If a Polk or Orange

observed. sulphur, stir well and allow the grove, and as the plantation is remote, county sand-hill, with water forty feet
Owing to the difficulty of confirmingthe mixture to stand until cool. Then nothing will be attempted until thereare below the surface, were moved over
mites without interfering with the add fifty or more gallons of cold sufficient nuts to warrant workingon to Indian River, it would probablystill

conditions necessary to their existence, water, stir well, and in twenty four a very large scale. Cocoanut produce sand-hill oranges. The
it has not been possible to determinethe hours you will have a bright clear growers at Palm Beach, Hypoluxoand line of progress and luxury does not
duration of their lives. It is, how- yellow liquid that will knock the other points about Lake Worthare lie along the improvement of the

ever, safe to conclude that they live mites and spiders higher than a kite. finding thus far a ready market carrying capacity of the orange by

.' .) '." '..


planting on higher ground, but rather beans, cabbage, cauliflower, rhubarb, are small, green and insignificant.When the oranges will thus experience little
the reverse, in order to secure better tobacco and cassava. Also a large the little Pears first show, they. change or shock, but will go into
appearance and more desirable eating variety of flowers and ornamental are solt, nearly white with down, storage on a level with the temperature -
qualities. Not a thicker skin and a shrubs and trees. The station has afterwards changing to a darker green, of the car. In the spring or
drier pulp, but refrigerator cars and water protection to the north and and when mature change again to summer when they are to be shippedto
Pullman springs. west, by the Caloosahatchee river light green. The fruit when tender is the North for sale the train can be
which is two miles wide here. The very nice, fried like Egg plant, baked backed down into the cave, the cars
Oranges in West Florida. fertilizers being used are rotten sea- with meats, stewed like Squash, or opened up and allowed to cool off to
Editor Farm and Fruit-Grower: weed, cow chips, cotton seed meal stuffed like Tomatoes. They also a level with the cave temperature,
But few oranges are grown in the and some commercial fertilizers.I make the nicest pickles and chow whereupon the oranges can be stowed
western counties of the State, and have given the conditions under chow. There are some in the house away and the cars sealed up and iced
those few very near to the Gulf coast. which the experiments are being tried, now that were gathered in November, for'the journey.
The explanation is because we are in so that parties wishing to watch the and are just as green and tender as During the summer there is a con-
the northern horizon of the orange results will know whether they have the day they were gathered. Some stant and strong current of air flowingout

:zone. Where the temperature falls land, etc., so nearly similar as to have long sprouts on them. Here we of the cave, which effectually
below twenty degrees once or twice make the experiments of value to set them out in March, and they begin cludes the heated outside atmosphere.The .
in an age, the groves are demoralizedand them. Dr. L. C. Washburn, the bearing in June, and bear till killed cause of this outward flow is a
growers discouraged.The superintendent, no doubt will do all by frost. Last year's vines bear much mystery; it is not present in the winter.It .
past season was very dry. and anyone can to make the enterprise a earlier. I have known these Vege- is this which maintains the un-
in consequence the fruit was about success. The station has not been table Pears for over forty years, and changeable uniformity of the temperture -
half the usual size. established long enough to settle any have never heard of them outside of of the cave.
It was my supposition that a dry question involved.-\V. E. DRISCOLL, this part of Louisiana. I think they As we said last week, a number of
season would tend to sweeten the con- in Manatee Advocate. could be raised here and sent north in carloads of oranges and lemons have
centrated juices of the fruit, but the the fall, as they keep green and tenderall been positively engaged for the test
opposite has proven true in this un Treatment fqr Scale. winter, taste and look just like this summer and more will probablybe
sought but realized experiment. The Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: spring Squash. MARGARET CAMP yet secured. The owner of the
same trees from which I picked luscious A grove, that I have in charge is BELL, Louisiana. cave, Capt. J. B. Briggs, is the pos-
oranges of attractive size in badly infested with scale. Do you, _* ..._.- sessor of abundant means, havingsome
November 1890, held their fruit until from personal experience or observation My Grapes in 1891. hundreds of acres of citrus

the last of December the past season know anything of the merits of Duchess is giving me a full crop, groves in this State, and he states that
without attaining equal sweetness. the insecticides advertised in your paper and so is Goethe, and so are a few he will not hesitate to expend more in
Now, in February, they are, very as compared to whale oil soap? vines of Concord. To my astonish- setting the project on its feet than he
highly flavored, and slightly softenedby An early reply will greatly oblige, ment, Warden has nothing for me; expects to reap from it at present, for
the freezing minimum temperatureof A. F. WYMAN. Gaertner the same. Niagara and the thorough demonstration of the
twenty-six degrees. Archer. Diamond have a fair showing. I am soundness or falsity of his ideas.
The foliage 01! the trees is. perfectly We do not understand that the pro quite cured of all dislike for Niagara. Some Florida lemons were submitted -
green, and with their golden trim- prietors of these insecticides distinctly Give it. high ground, good soil and to us which had been off the trees
mings our groves thrill the northern recommend them for the scale, but for plenty of sun, and it is as golden as over a year and were kept in the cave
\visitors with admiration and delight. the red spider and the rust mite, and Pocklington and Diamond. Diamondhas until a month or so ago. They were
The outlook for a general fruit crop incidentally for the scale. The main not for two years ripened as earlyas only culls and drops, as the main
:is very good at this date, but we have ingredient in these insecticides is sulphur I set it down for in 1889. It is not crop had been shipped when they
i learned that in Florida, as well as which is the most effective application ahead of Niagara, while on old vines were secured for the experiment.
,elsewhere, "there is many a slip be. for: the two parasites above the latter is decidedly earlier than I They had a faded and aged appear
itween cup and lip." named, but where only the scale is had estimated. Both are superb ance and were mushy from much

Already the Peento peaches have present you had probably better use grapes, ripening thoroughly with me handling and pressure, but heavy in
been reduced so that we are ceasingto the ordinary kerosene emulsion. The about September 20th.It the hand and packed full of juice.
worry about the trouble of thinning formula for this is as follows : is not well to plant too heavily of There was a slight staleness perceptible -
- them out. They are habituated to Kerosene, 2 Rat.....67 per cent. white grapes. I have more trouble at the core, though it would hardlybe
blooming in January and like the Whale oil soap 36 lb.l ............... er cent. noticeable in of
water, I gal......... I .33 p with them than any other fruit. It is probably, a glass
confirmed drunkard, stop not in If whale oil soap is not at hand or impossible to tell, without tasting each lemonade.The .
"weal or woe," or blizzards of snow. obtainable, use common soap. Makeit bunch, just when exact ripeness is fruit is to be put into the cave
THOS. MCMILLAN. into a solution or suds, and when reached. Most buyers prefer a sweet unwrapped, then sorted and wrapped

Pensacola-, Fla.----4.*-.-- boiling hot pour the kerosene into it. grape, like Worden, to acid, like when shipped out next summer. If
Fort Myers Experimental Farm. Churn or mix them thoroughly for ten Duchess, Diamond and Niagara. Many stored in the cave with papers the
Agreeable to your request I visited 'minutes, when you will have a mess will eat Jessica, which has no char- latter would gather moisture when
the Sub Experimental station located of a thick creamy consistency. When acter but sweetness, and will praise it brought out of the cave, and the pa-

here, and will give you the result. cold, dilute to make thirty gallons. as delicious. When planting for mar- pers would have to be renewed any-
.The experiment will probably be of But if-which will probably be the ket, we cannot consider our own cultivated how. Last year eight per cent of
greater value to people who wish to case-there is also red spider on your tastes altogether.-E. P. POW the oranges rottedin the cave.
: .
trees and somewhat later on also the ELL, in American Garden.
cultivate our flattest scrub. ,
poorest, : Ten gentlemen met in Ocala] Feb
palmetto lands, that will not carry off rust mite, probably you can not do p. I
better than to use the insecticides ad- Cave Storage Again.To ruary 9, and took the preliminarysteps
\water in ditches much, if any, deeper all the of
than three feet, as the station is on vertised in our columns in the manner freight oranges up to central to organize growers Growers'
directed. and let them down by the State into an Orange
Kentucky rope
:such land Those ditches now in use the members of which will be
be and tackle into a cavern would seem League,
inches Spraying apparatus can pur-
are not over thirty deep. themselves let their
Trenches have been dug some thirty- chased of our advertisers.-ED. to be a Quixotic piece of business.But asked to pledge to
this is not what the proprietor of fruit rot in their groves rather than
five feet and filled with
apart, haw it to commission merchants in
foot of the The Chocho Plant. Briggs' Cave purposes to do. The
palmetto roots to near a The idea to be to
other States. seems
surface, then finer litter, and all cov- This curious plant (Sfchiutn edule) railroad spur is already constructed to the "Home
ered with sand. The superintendent is here popularly known as Vegetableor the cave, so that it is only a few rods'haul conduct"an opposition New states
Market. The Capitol
believes these roots will last to main- Vine Pear. The fruit, specimensof with horse and wagon down the suitable warehouse
tain an underdrain for many years. which I forward by mail, is a flat, easy gradient into the cave. Another has that a large been selected adjacent to
Other trenches have been filled in a pear shaped vegetable that grows on a year, if not this spring, if the patronage both railroads and with all the appurtenances -
similar way with rotten water lettuce vine. The largest ones from my vine I seems to warrant it, he will lay a for the hand.
and sea-grass, and covered with sand. last season weighed over a pound, I track down into the cave (there is a necessary
of .
This experiment seems to show\ that !and on the tenth of October we gath- perpendicular drop of only fifteen feetto ling produce.I
these weeds and grass retain mois- ered from one vine a barrel of these the floor of the cavern, with along
ture to a surprising degree; sufficient "Pears," and have been using Pearsto approach) and back the cars I CURE FITS !
cook and for pickles since May. right down into the cave. The loco-
apparently, to keep any crop When lau cure I do not mean merely to itop them
growing vigorously through our long The vine dies off in winter, but if its motive will be uncoupled at the gate, for*time and then hare them return azaln. I means
drouths. covered with light litter so the roots so as not to fill the cavern with smoke, radical rare.FALLING I bare made SICKNESS the d eerie able-of long FITS atody.EPILEPSY I-

The fruits we noticed being experimented will not freeze, will come out in and single cars will be hauled back warrant or my remedy to cure the worst caw*. Because
into the chambers as far as I others hare failed is no reason for not now reeeiTin a
and bear for The whole great maybe
avocado spring of
with are pears, man- years. cure. Send at acre far a treatise and*Free Bottle:
goes, grapes, peaches and pineapples. Pear is planted. The foliage resembles necessary with a team. Comingup my infallible remedy. Give ExpreM and Port Office.
Jtn vegetables were corn, potatoes, that of the Squash; the flowers from Florida in refrigerator cars II. G. HOOT, M. C., 183 Pearl gc.f V.' Y.FEBnUARY .



tobacco. the land very rich-it can hardly be of Brazilian corn flour combined to plant it on, and an explanation of
too rich-with well rotted, fine manure (when used) with one barrel of how I propose to manage this lot will
so old as to be free from heat, wheaten flour, may be made to take probably be the best way of instructing -
Wrapper Lsaf Culture-No. 4. yet not washed by the rain so long as the place of three barrels of wheat i others. I shall plow with a turning -
Editor Fanner and FruitGrowerIn to have lost all its strength. If cotton flour, but in using the Brazilian corn plow three or four inches deep,
my last letter I gave directionsfor seed meal is used, mix it very thor- flour as a substitute for wheat flour then mark off and plant in hills four
preparing and sowing the seed- oughly in the soil; if a lump of it is the flivor of the wheaten flour is and a half feet apart, rows runningboth
bed, but the weather since that has lelt anywhere it will heat and destroythe entirely absent. As to its productiveness ways. This will do away with
been so continuously cold and raw young germs near it. it must be planted as thickly as all hoeing and allow the cultivator to
that seed would not have sprouted if HENRY J. FENTON, any common corn, while a stalk run so as to take out all weeds and
it had been sown. Steady warm Tobacco Agent F. C. & P. R. R. which fails to mature two perfect ears grass.
weather is needed to germinate tobacco Quincy. Fla. is in this section an exception. It And let me say right here, if you
seed. Those who did not sow will yield in the South, on good land, do not intend to prevent the weeds
their seed before the first of Februarythis fJ1l\J'dEl\ fD Tle1El( about forty bushels per acre, but beinga and grass from growing among it you
year will probably come out best very soft corn, if it is blown downit had better not plant it at all.
in the end. Some Florida Failures. rots badly. As to earliness, it takes When the plants get a good start I
If the land where the seed bed is TEOSINTE-Some perso ns may have about as long to mature as any corn intend to cover the ground with
situated is liable to crust in a rain it is done well with this forage plant; in we plant ; for that reason I think it mulching so that no more cultivationwill
a good plan after sowing the seed to (fact, we have seen a small patch of it would prove a failure in a great por- be needed during the season.
cover the bed with fine leafless brush, at Orlando from which the owner was tion of the North. By way of con- Next September the roots will be
to serve the purpose of breaking the daily cutting a very large amount of clusion I would state that it was large enough to use; I shall then beginat
force of heavy rainfalls somewhat, (forage during the growing season ; abundant all through this section of one side and take up ten or a dozen
but it should not be piled so deep or but as a grown plant our observationof country a few years ago, but now it rows clear through the field, lifting
thick as to exclude the sunshine too it has not been favorable. The is very scarce; it has 'been weighedin only so much as is wanted for immediate .
much, and do not remove it until the stalks become infested with a speciesof the balance. and found wanting.' use at one time (it will sour if
plants are well up and started. If bugs which lurk under the sheathsof TEXAS BLUE GRAss-Director De- left out of the ground forty-eight hoursin
there is a prospect of frost the young the leaves in countless numbers, Pass and the late Wm. P. Horne, of warm weather).
plants may be protected by muslin rendering it unfit to be given to stock. Baker county, found this well adaptedto When the twelve rows are used I
covers on stretchers, or pile on more When young it is very puny and difficult North Florida. But Mr. S. Bige- shall plow and plant at once, no mat-
brush to protect them sufficiently.If to raise low, a practical and conscientiousman ter what time of the year, for it grows
the land is not particularly liableto JAPAN CLovER-On rich land this thought very differently of it for continually year after year. About
crusting the covering of brush will may be a real acquisition, but on the South Florida. He writes to the June or July of each year the ground
not be needed. best pine lands and flatwoods of the agricultural editor of the Times should be covered with mulching and
INSECTS.If State it grows so very small that it is Union : this will be all the fertilizing needed.If .
new land is chosen for the seed- not nearly so valuable as the carpet "I have followed the subject of the ground is very poor, about five
bed and thoroughly burned over as recommended grass or Louisiana grass (Pas alum grasses in all our agricultural papers hundred pounds of blood and bone
in my last, there is not platycaule). The stems are but little for several years, and also in books, should be applied the first year. An
likely to be much trouble from insects larger than knitting.needles, the and have tried many of the new and addition of a little bore meal each
But if a situation has to be selected in leaves about the size of coffee grains wonderful redeemers that have been year would no doubt make the roots
old land, even if it is well burnedover and the flowers not an eighth of an brought forward, and have decided to larger, but in leaf mould we have
insects are likely to migrate from inch in diameter. In the bottom of a pin my faith largely on old neglected almost a perfect fertilizer for the cas-
the surrounding fields to the bed and ditch where there is rich "madeearth" Bermuda for pasturage, backed up by sava, and I wish that our orange
the plants. The it grows a few inches high andis the now popular para for meadow."I growers also would learn to get most
prey upon
young relished by cattle but the of their fertilizer of the forests.
; on com have tried Texas blue out
flea beetles are so small that they will grass
attention unless careful mon run of piney woods soil it is so thoroughly and find it worthless with The cassava when growing looks
escape search is made for them,very and the far- insignificant in size as scarcely to afford me. Am now trying Japan clover! very much like a rank weed.Ve
mer, seeing his plants disappearing the cattle a bite. It is scattered about and appearances are decidedly lean plant the stalk or stem that is not good
without any apparent cause, will be the railroad depots in Bradford ing in the same direction. Have lor food. Cattle will eat the leaves
and sometimes be traced and all animals and fowls will the
county, may sowed tall oat and Johnson eat
apt to condemn the seed or the soil. grass
A very effective treatment for along the wheel tracks for a mile out grass-no good. As a soiling crop roots. The stalks grow from five to
is the spraying, with a solution prevention from the railroad but it is unable to for strictly summer feeding, I find ten feet tall and otten so large that
of Paris green, one large tea- get a foothold in the wire-grass sod. nothing else equal to pearl millet less than a hundred feet will fill a
spoonful to one gallon of water. Thisis BRAZILIAN FLOUR CORNA Mississippi (called also cat tail millet). Have barrel. The small ends not being well
cheap, simple, easily applied and planter who has had experi. tried upland rice, teosinte, kaffir corn matured are not best to plant; however,
will do the work. See that the mixtureis ence with this writes in the American and several other things, but find if let stand late as we could this year
kept stirred well during the Agriculturist : pearl millet far superior in product- they ripen so as to be good. The
ing, otherwise the will settle to 'lt 1 is a wonder to me why anyone ivenes, ease of culture, etc. sprouts grow from eyes, there beingone
the bottom, and at green the last too much who can raise wheat successfully "This year a good seed firm advertised for each leaf and all round the
will be applied to the 'plants and kill should: wish to raise flour corn. The I 'Southern millet' as the best of stem, an inch in length often havingfour
them. Any village tinsmith of ordi-- product of this corn after it is ground all for Florida and I tried it along side or five eyes.
nary skill can make a sprayer of tin, cannot be called flour; it is very deficient of old reliable pearl, and find it more The cassava is probably most profit-
with one tube for the plunger or swab in gluten, so much so that un- than worthless-not one-tenth the able when fed to cows; the increased
less it is combined with from flow of milk is wonderful
and another for a sprinkler with a one- value of pearl with same treatment. being at
third to one.half of wheaten flour it least fifth than when fed
finely perforated nozzle. Or, in default My conclusion is that we must not one more on
of this, a garden sprinkling is incapable of adhering sufficiently: to jump at conclusions from too meagre the same quantity of sweet potatoes,
pot make: either a biscuit or a pie-crust and other feed in like
will answer if the nozzle is providedwith ; data and trumpet to the world a new every propor-
sticks together equal to that much tion that I have tried. If have
fine holes to make thin thing as better than many an old and you a
spray.very sand. The meal is very white and tried friend, simply because it has cow and only one quarter of an acre
nice, and in the South, where wheat I succeeded in some one or a few local- of land you should by all raeans/aise
TO SECURE GOOD PLANTS. raising is not a success, it would be ities, when it may be entirely worth cassava.
This is an object of the utmost importance economical to raise it, providing the less in most of the State." How much can I raise on an acre?
and no precaution shouldbe millers would grind it, but this a -..,..* 2,500 hills to an acre and thirty
neglected that will assist in gainingthis great many of them will not do, as Planting: Cassava. pounds to a hill, a fair average, makes
point. If any reader has sown a they claim that it cuts their bolting Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: the enormous yield of 75,000 pounds.
bed and made a failure from any cloths all to pieces. Others grind it It is now time to plant cassava and This in weight is equal to over 1,300
cause he should not be discouraged at only on condition that wheat is therefore time I should fulfill my bushels of corn and as feed to over
all, but renew the attempt. It is not brought with it, for the purpose of promise to tell the many whose letters 400 bushels. 500 pounds of fertilizerwill
- worth while to sow the seed until the cleaning the bolting cloth. Besidesits of inquiry I have received how to I' surely make this crop in eight
ground becomes well warmed up. A lack of gluten, it does not look plant, cultivate; fertilize and use this months, and the seed will cost you
situation in a sunny nook with a foreston like flour, it does not feel like flour, most valuable of all Florida's farm only five dollars per acre; and yet you
the north and west, but not too it does not smell like flour, it does productions. will work an acre of corn for fifteen
close, is favorable. See that a ditchis not taste like flour; therefore, my decision 'Uo I like it as well as I at first bushels to feed your mule; do without
_dug on all sides of the seed bed to is that it is not flour at all ; thought, and do I intend to continueto meat, milk and butter, work by the
drain it, as tobacco plants are. easily neither can it be used as such unlessit raise it ?" Mostly surely yes. I day for a little cash to buy bread, and
killed by an excess of water. Have is mixed with flour. Two barrels have just had a four acre lot cleared with your granary and smoke house in




the Mississippi valley, bewail your Strawberry Picking: at the SouthIn commission' men are by no means Webster, of New York, for the same

fate and curse the transportation com- any business, and especially in unanimous as to whether it pays bestto purpose, to reduce green bone for
panies. You ought to starve out. like have a light crate to throw in with poultry food. A machine was sent
an irregular
one berry picking, no
"Do something!" If you get stuckon the berries, or a stronger one which, on trial, and, having a Mann mill,
a piece of scrub or other land so I little tact is necessary to managethe although it has to be paid for by the I there was good opportunity to test the

high and dry that you can't do any negro and get good work. I have buyer would perhaps carry better if capacity of the two mills, and I didso

thing with it, give it to some man you always found it a good plan to divide there were occasion to re-ship the ber- by cutting up a quantity of bone
have a grudge against and buy a bet the fields among the pickers at the be. ries to some other market. This DO and meat small enough to fit the
ter piece; or if you have sunk all your ginning of the season, allotting to doubt depends largely: on the nature hopper of either machine. This bone
money in a sand bank rent one like each one as many rows as she is likelyto of the market. For a market like: and meat had been partially cooked,
that described in the first column on be able to keep clean. A stake, Washington, where the demand is and was not a fair test as to the
page 86 of the FARMER AND FRUIT. smoothed on one side with a drawing- chiefly local, gift crates are doubtlessbest strength of the machine. They are

GROWER. knife, has her name written on it, and but for a distributory market like intended to cut grstn bone, fresh, butat
Rather than have you go away curs- is then driven down so as to mark the New York standards might pay best. that time this was all I had. While
ing Florida along with the railroads, 1 row or rows assigned to her. These As thirty-two quarts of berries in the Mann mill cut easily 26/, Ibs.
will rent you such a farm near Clearwater rows are then her special property for gift crates is taken at fifty pounds, the.. per hour and the Webster mill ioj j4
Harbor. Mr. Peek figures out the season, provided they are well total cost of picking, delivering and Ibs there was no choice in the quality -
$170 as the product of an acre of his picked and cared for. It is remark- selling a quart of berries in New Yorkis or fineness of the material when
land. If he only had put one acre of able what an effect this has. She not about seven cents. Of this, one cut.

that land in cassava! only takes great pride in picking and and a half cents goes to the picker, Two days later I procured a beef's
I believe, Mr. Editor, the above answers caring for them herself, but sees that enabling a good picker in a good sea head. Having sold the first mentioned
all the many questions asked by they are not trampled by "trifling" son to earn from forty to seventyfivecents machine, I could only try the-
numerous readers of the FARMER AND pickers. I make it a rule to give about by twelve o'clock. Owing to Webster mill, which was not adequateto
FRUIT GROWER. half a dozen small prizes, when picking I the schedule of our trains all the pick- the task ; it took one hour to grindor
CHAS. F. MAY. closes, to the most deserving, and ing is done in the early morning, beginning cut 6 Ibs. Then I concluded to

Eustls, Lake county, Fla. in awarding these, the condition in at good daylight. However, boil the remainder, for I found that it
Mr. May's figures are evidently for which the rows are kept, as well as it is doubtful. if berries picked under would require 2- hours longer to
hammock land. On good flat woods the manner in which the berries were our May sun, and early in the evening, finish the head. Having used the

land at Lawtey twenty pounds per picked, is taken into account. as we should have to begin to get Mann mill on green bone before, I
hill is considered a fair average. This One drawback with the negro pickers them all ofT, would carry as well as if knew what it would do, and I have
would give 50,000 pounds per 'acre. is that there are always more or picked cold in the morning, although frequently cut 25 Ibs. an hour of the
-ED. less berries stolen, and that too, at soaked with dew as ours. often are. same material. My experiment may
i 1 the beginning of the season, when Then the pickers are sluggish after not be conclusive to a would-be purchaser -
Plenty of Forage. prices are best. Fortunately, owingto dinner and work very differently from because some people buy a
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. a strong rivalry between them to their morning movements. Indeed, thing because it is cheap, and if theyare
I have been very much interested get the highest number of quarts most even after one eats breakfast, insteadof sold they keep quiet, and in this
in what Mr. Campbell has written I of them prefer a cent and a half ticketto gaining energy she seems to lose way hundreds of useless articles are

about crab-grass. I have enjoyed his a twenty five cent cup of berries most that she had. The darkey is disposed of, and are not practical.The .
"Farm Talks," and expect to profit However, if a grower were indiscreet always at his (or her) best on an purchaser may make a complaint

by them too. It :would take some enough to punish for a mere peccadillo empty stomach.-Country Gentleman. I to the manufacturer, but he produces
time for him to convert me politically, like that, I very much doubt if I testimonials from some one who has
as I am not tinctured with Democracyto he would get another berry picked. I F>oultu I done so and so, and he argues it is
any extent, but I appreciate the know a merchant who lost his last not the fault of the machine but the
many good things he writes just the negro customer from just such a cause. operator. Finally the purchaser putsit
Edited E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla.
same. I don't propose to second his You must watch close and make an away in some corner, and that's the
nomination for governor, because allowance for this fail ng. Bone Cutters. last of it. I believe a manufacturerof
good farmers are scarce, but almost Except in the very height of the honest goods should be protected
anybody will do for that office. season when there is a rush to get all We have had considerable to say against competitors who offer at a reduced -
My land is new and not yet seededto the fields cleaned, I find it best to on the subject of the bone mill price a worthless article.E. .
crab but I saved have each picker bring her own ber- a machine to cut green bone for W. AMSDEN.
grass, a plentiful
supply of excellent forage .at such a ries to the packing house. Having a poultry and dog food, and there has --eAt -
very small expense that I will give my stout sponsor for her own handiwork been a good deal of inquiry on the the date of the last overflow of
much more pains is taken to have subject. For hand power it has been
experience, hoping it may be of some Payne Prairie, August 17-20, 1872,
demonstrated that the bone be
them right. When time is too precious must
value to others.I here were 4,000 cattle horses, sheep
to let the pickers lose a moment cut, not crushed or ground, for the
got a quart of Conch peas and and hogs grazing on it.
planted them on six acres of my melon carriers are sent out with two sixteen labor required to crush green bone is
ground; planted hills ten feet apart quart stands apiece and two bunchesof greater than hand-power is willing to

each way and two peas in a hill; put tickets, to each, to collect the ber undertake, and be practical.
them between the rows of melons just ries and bring them in. These two Three years ago F. W. Mann, cf COST1VENESSIf

after the last cultivating; let them stands fill a thirty two quart crate. Massachusetts_ placed on the marketa -
alone till it time in Also, when cashed at the stores I get machine that shaved the bone, meator not re1icT'cdby judicious and timely
was to gather the treatment, is liable to result in chronic
fall. They covered the ground l witha the merchants, as the tickets are takenin gristle by several knives set in a constipation. As an aperient that maybe
mat of vines, and I think there was to count them off in packages of revolving disk. This was a partul used with perfect safety and eatlt-
at least six tons of them after they had sixteen and slip a small rubber band success, but, not satisfied, he has faction, Ayer's I'llls arc t1nsurpa.+I.
been cured enough to put into the around each package.The added several improvements, and now Unlike most cathartics, these pill,
stands I use-slatted, two story has a machine that he warrants to cut while they relax and cleanse exert a
barn. I them into small bunches
put tonic influence on the stomach, live,
contrivances with handles-though Iresh bone meat and gristle without
when I gathered them, and two days and bowels,causing these organs to perform :
- later put two bunches into one; kept very light and indeed extremely fra clogging or difficulty, and to furnish their functions with healthy regularity -
doubling them up every day until I gile looking, last five or six years free all parts that break with fair and comfort. Being purely vegetable -
got good sized cocks, and then pitched with proper care and a little mending. usage in two years' time. He has and I free from
I buy them from the South-Side Fruit- the weak mineral I drug of
not only strengthened parts, Cured
them over every day until they were by
kind, u'bf '
into Packing Company at Petersburg, Va., made a heavier and better machine, any
dry enough to put the barn. s not attendedwith ,
Curing in that way saves all the paying twenty.five cents apiece. Here but has reduced the price, so that it is injurious effects. Good for o d
leaves and tender ends of the vines. lotore we have been using twelve- within the reach of and should be in and young; of every climate Ayer's Pit Is
They come out of the mow looking pound gift crates costing lorty cents the hands of every one who keeps a are everywhere the favorite. G. "Vr.(<
fresh and by the carload delivered. This seasonwe dozen or more hens, and can get fresh Bowman, 26 East Main street, Carlisl),
green, and the cattle eat Pa., Ie been for
: Having subject
the to some extent, went back to the bones to cut, for I have never found says
even coarse vines all up clean. I years, to constipation without being
also cured and housed about five tons standard crates weighing ten poundsmore anything that was equal to fresh cut able to IInd much relief I at last uiedAyer's
of sweet potato vines, and find that and costing fiity cents. As we bone to make hens lay. In nearly Pills, and I deem it both a duty
they make fine feed too. .I have get forty cents in New York for the every part of the State beef's heads and a pleasure to testify that I bare
that life is short concluded standard after the berries are sold, can be had for a trifle, and with a derived great benefit from their use. I
too for me to .
spend much of it in pulling corn there seems to be something gained machine to make them into poultry would not willingly be without them.
blades for fodder. after paying the express ot two and a (food they are worth the price of a 'Cathartic PillsEvery

N. W. DEERIKG. half cents on the additional ten pounds.I bushel of wheat.
Inwood, Jackson Co.,Fla.. say this seems the best because the There is another machine made by : Doso Effective.Fl3ntTAnY .




CONTENTS. i trogen through the legumes (beggar- more to pamper the debaucheries of For a Duty on Long Cotton. '

THC VECETARD--Grapet and Birds; View of a I weed, cowpeas, etc.), Florida can miroyedes and boyars than to feed A meeting of Alliancemen, of whomA.
Northern itecelrer Grafting the Grape; 123 serfs. P. Baskin, J. F. Baya and J. P.'
a population. hungry
GKOTX:AND ORCHARD Orange Rust-No.2: 123 support great
Remedies for Red Spider;The Cocoanut 9 t DePass were most prominent, was

Grove in the World; The Hammock Orange The trans-continental railroads False Packing.A held in Lake City February 4, to con-
; 124
Oranges in West Florida; Fort Myers Experimental tempted the California orange growers subscriber in the North wrote us sider this subject. A preamble and

Chocho Plant Farm:;My Treatment Grapes in for 1891;Scale Care; Storage The- with a go-cent rate for fifteen dayson that he bought a box of oranges bear resolutions were adopted, calling an- .

Again; ,. 125 frosted fruit. The credulous growers ing the stencil of a Florida packing- other meeting at the same place Feb
No.4 12fi
TOBACCO-Wrapper Leaf Culture- ;
FARMER AKD 1"auan-Some Honda Failures; swallowed the bait; they have house and marked "fancy bright. ruary 26; urging the circulation of

Plenty Planting of Forage Cassava; ;Strawberry. Picking. .at the 126 glutted Chicago with their damaged On opening it he found it faced with petitions to Congress for a duty of

South; 121PorLTHY goods and, by "saving their drops and fancy brights, but below that the or- ten cents a pound on long cotton; and
Bone Cutters
EDITORIAL- Home Once: Mere; Notes; Non- culls," many of them will now pocketan anges were very inferior. He for- recommending the creation of a fundto

sense About Russia; False Packing; To Exhibit Irish dividend. And the railroads warded a sample, which was a black pay the expenses of one or more
in Chicago; For a Duty on Long Cotton;
Our"Black List;" 128 will pocket ninety cents a box-see? russet of the worst type. lobbyists, to co operate with those of

MAHKETS-Auctlon Sales: 129 i 9 do the house South Carolina and Georgia in 'Vash-
Questions and Replies; Florida Ducks; Sanitary Not wishing to an
Science> 129 The New England Society in FlorIda -
; the circum- ington.
injury, we wrote, stating
OCR RURAL HOME-Good Rules for Wise Girls;Insanity will hold its annual festival at t .
and Intermarriage; stances, and asked them if they could "
Do Florida Soils Our "Black List.
CHEMISTKT- I Winter Park February 22. Reduced
131 give any reason why we should not Since the weeks
announcement some
OVa NATCHAL WEALTU-BreTard County; 132 rates on the F. C. &. P., J., T. & K.
STATE NEWSItems; : The Wonderful. Disinfecting I publish the letter. They replied in there have been added to our ,
Power of the boll; 113 W. and S F. Railroads; special low
THE FARMERS ALLIANCE-Dudley W. Adams the I high dudgeon, in a long, rambling "black list".of commission merchantsfive
Practical' Farmer, logically Enlightened; rates at the hotels; free carriage ride
Doling in "Futures; The Founder of the I lettter, charging- with "some mo- names. One of these went the
Alliance; 134 about the place and a free trip on a
tive that does not show on the face. entire animal and -
What Are You Amounting To 7. 135 came to an inglorious
steam launch through the lakes, etc.
Further along they say, "We don'tpretend termination of his career in jail.
STEPHEN POWERS Editor.P. Annual dinner at the Seminole at 8
O. Address awtey, Fla. p. m. Cordial invitation to all New to be .perfect, and know in (See paper of February 5)). On our
doing the'amount of business and list" there but
Englanders and their wives. "shady was one name,
At Home Once More. with so many hands employed, it is we are happy to state that he has

After a protracted and most aggra- Nonsense About Russia. impossible for us to see all the fruit made amends and fulfilled his agree-

vating delay THE FARMER AND FRUIT- The idea of a Governor, whose going into the box, close as we may ment, which restores his name to the

I, overlook them. They also that "
GROWER is at home once morehasits sandhill constituents can afford to pay say 'gilt-edge list.
I I I him making they have written to their agent to
only $3,000 a year, proclamation
establishment and
own a press for charity for the relief of "investigate the matter at once." \'IaFl\etS.]\'
\ .
large enough to print it at somethingmore the subjects of the Vice-gerent of If the box was packed as our cor- -... - --- -...

than a snail's pace. Since the God, whose personal income is said respondent describes, there was a AUCTION SALES.E. .

fire of August 18 we have been mortified to be more than six million dollars a fraud somewhere, and if it was com-
L. Goodsell, New York, Feb. 12:
to be obliged to lay before our I year and who maintains a standing mitted by an employe it ought not 800 boxes, average $1.51.

readers so much stale matter; but army three times as great as the pop- to be difficult to trace it to its source. $1.58.Same, Feb. 10: 750 boxes, average

ulation of Florida is not pleasing to \Vith this we drop the matter to
there seemed to be no help for it. Blake & Ripley, for F. F. E., Boston,
the respecting American. The await the result of the promised in- Feb. 12, ex Gate City :

The contractor was over a month be- We shall be to m ...: 03
old Slavonian boyars centered in Moscow vestigation. pleased 3 8a *+.4 Q.I .

hind hand in getting our new quar- who bitterly hate all things Eu- publish an authenticated statement .oSi .;o o:: q oS..0 .B

ters so far advanced that we could ropean and American, are swollen exonerating the house from blame. U za r2 Z a

with and riches. 4785 16 $1 37 439 24 $155
enter them then the machinistswere strength
; 6219 8 162 6139 23 175
To Exhibit in Chicago.If
weeks in putting the presses. Scarcity is a common affair among 2787 4 2 00 7480 19 1 50
up those hordes of half savage Asiatics, the Florida Legislature, Jr., votesto 7480 21 150 4087 22 155
Our friends all over the State have reproached 4311 21 1 45 229(; 15 1 75
of for the
who breed and like insects. levy a tax $100,000 -
swarm 7580 20 1 55 346 49 1 20
us for the tardiness with which There are ten governments in the in- World's Fair, the FARMER AND 346 16 3 12 346 7 2 75
38 1 50 6762 26 1 65
7522 .
their papers were received, yet many of terior of Russia where it is an almost FRUIT-GROWER will applaud its action. 6762 1 2 25 3447 26 1 '30

them did not even read the notes of yearly occurrence for the peasants to But if it is to devote $25,000 of this 3447 11 75 2657 18 2 37
2657 20 3 25 2657 21 2 60
explanation which we published.But go short of food before spring. Theyare amount to "pay county expenses, 4299 30 1 50 4299 18 1 50

compelled to sell their grain in the second act will go far toward 4421 20 1 65 M 3 1 62
at last the main press is in po nullifying the virtue of the first. 1763 29 135 1063 30 150
autumn to pay their outrageous taxes 798 lU 1 75 798 41 1 6i28l :
sition-a fine, big fellow for this part (91( per cent. of the entire taxes of the "County expenses" can only possi- 10 1 50 G696 11 1 50
1765 31 1 55 4502 22 1 10
of the world-a four-roller Whitlock; empire); then before the new harvestis bly be of two classes first, for separate 37Ut 8 1 50 3948 22 1 37

and its resounding clank and rumble ready they are forced to mingle county exhibits; second, for the 6208 18 100 6208 22 155
6475 11 150 664] 21 1 1575GO
make music in the establishment. We orach and even bark in their flour to collection of the fund itself. It costs 23 1 3.; 7560 34 1 75

keep life in their miserable bodies.If the United States only 2.8 per cent. to 7560 32 1 40 3329 34 1 50
shall try now to grind out over our .
376 19 1 25 376 27 1 55
own cylinders some modern history. the American people are goingto collect its revenue in general (about 3 376 24 1 GO 376 31 1 60

set themselves the task of takingcare per cent. in Florida.) The idea ot 376 25 135 563 40 105:
540 18 1 50 540 2 1 87
The marl of New Jersey and the of those wretched millions who separate county exhibits is delusion 368j 5 1 37 5814 14 1 75

under the insatiable and folly. Every separate county 6465 30 137 2131 16 125
lime of Pennsylvania are worth annually are ground
2731 34 145 1267 20 155
many thousands of dollars to the rapacity and extortion of the Russian display would mean another (functionary 1267 31 162 740 20 1 6042U2

have undertaken an added, another custodian in Chi 20 1)0) 4292 21 105
farmers of those States. So the soft despotism, they
4292 19 150 6318 23 130
phosphates of Florida will be to her endless and thankless labor. cago, more bookkeeping, more both- 6318 16 2 75 6318 20 3 00

truck farmers and fruit growers. Pot More than that, the Russian officialsare eration, more dead-headism. It is not 6318 36 3 00 6318 20 1 87
5.371 14 1 37 3815 7 1 62
ash is necessary to impart the highest notoriously the most swindlingand "our prominent citizens" (broken- 2364 22 155 2564 18 175

quality and finish to fruit, but the corrupt in Christendom. The down county politicians), nor even 7268 7 1 75 5451 8 175
7112 26 137 4U60 5 162
phosphates and nitrogen are the bread donations drawn out of our ever-gul "our leading horticulturists" that Flor- 1001 20 1 37 869 4 1 87

and meat of the soil. With her vast lible American people by the plead- ida wants to exhibit in Chicago to the 347 15 150 347 25 155

store of phosphates and her really remarkable ings of noble but shortsighted women gaze of the assembled world, but Flor- 347 347 43 36 175 155 347 347 27 68 125 162

capacity for producing ni and a maudlin press will go much ida products. .. 347 56 162 347 24 162



347 16..150 C H S 59 140 6318 16 3 20 6318 2 1 40 is not sufficient to supply the demand. Culture in the Maritime Alps." It is a
B&R. 88 f 10 A Z 10 1 87 3623 5 2 50 3623 1 4 12 About two million six hundred thousand part of the consular reports. Apply to

A Z 2 4 12 L B 21 1 87 600016 115 6000 30 140 boxes have been shipped up to date. your congressman for a copy. You will
o N 10 1 62 4893 11 1 75 1001.30 135 find full directions for pruning in it.

Via Clyde Line : 1001 34 1 65 1001 35 1 70 .
4765 7 150 6014 10 162 7514 11 180 7514 39 160 HOME :MARKET SALES.
7593 15 1 70 Jacksonville, Feb. 8: Navels$4; :Mandarins : Florida Ducks.
6014 2 2 50 7544 30 1 62
$3.65; fancy, $1.50 to 1.70bright, Editor and
; Farmer Fruit Grower
7544 29 1 75 7544 27 1 50 Sgobel & Day for F. F. E. 1,500 boxesex .55 to 1.25; russets, .40 to 1.15. :

1173 22 1 55 1173 8 2 50 Nacooche, Feb. 10: Feb. 10: Average, $1.15; Navels, $1.85 Several ,of your subscribers com-

1173 2 2 62 4949 28 1 55 2564 27 165 2564 20 160 to 3.05; fancy, $1.25 to 1.35; bright .85 plain of their poor success with Pekin

4949 26 150 1526 40. 162 1001 16, 130 1001 22 160 to $1.70; russet, .55 to 1.25: ; grapefruit, ducks. To such I would say, try the
3216 33 3 00 7239 7 1.62
751 15 1 10 751 31 135 $1.85. common Florida ducks and I feel sure

Barnett Bros., for F. F. E.,.Chicago, 7120 12 170 6945 4 160 Feb. 12: Average, $1.17; grapefruit, there will be no more complaints. I
Feb. 10, F. C. & P. car 3186, average, 4893 4 135 7447 12 170 $1.95: ; fancy, $1.40 to $1.55; bright, .80 obtained last and
bright 164, russet 1.64: 5278 15 1 40 4128 10 1 55 to 1.30; russet, .55 to 1.30. a pair year now

4624 7 1.75 -4624 1 .55 3041 21 150 3041 41 160 Feb. 15: Average, $1.18; grapefruit, have a nice flock. They commence

4624 17 1.50 4649 1 1.40 7509 23 1 55 3526 17 140 $1 to $1.85: fancy, $1.35 to $1.40; bright, laying in January and continue doingso

4649 22 1.60 929 1 1.50 3526 30 165 .50 to $1.50; russet, $1 to $1.40. all through the summer. They are

6717 1 1.50 6717 1 1.60 Ex City of Birmingham. very little trouble. J feed them early

6717 1 1.25 6717 1 1.30 3815 8 155 387 14 195 NEW YORK, Feb. 16. in the morning, they then go to the

6218 2 1.75 6218 3 1,60 387 22 1 55 382 19 1 55 Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: lake where the whole
4611 16 1.15 4611 4 1.00 5490 16 145 4128 15 180 Arrivals the past week have been very they stay day,
4668 19 1.80 4668 14 1.60 4332 24 1 55 7543 6 1 60 light. The market is improving. Choice coming home at sundown, when they

6909 4 1.65 6909 5 1.50 6703 9 1 40 6582 4 1 45 brights, 1.80 to 2.50. have their supper and I pea them.

6909 3 1.55 7404 2 1.55 7431 15 1 45 J P B 20 1 35 E. L. GOODSELL. They lay during the night in the pen.

7404 2 1.00 7404 17 1.20 4299 19 1 704299 27 1 55 The lake is much frequented by all i--
7404 2 1.60 7404 1 2.85 4297 20 185 980 22 165 NEW YORK, Feb. 13.
I killed three last
7404 1 1.00 1540 3 1.65 980 28 2 10 1381 22 1 45 gators. summer.
6923 12 1.60 2937 12 1.65 1381 32 1 50 1381 72 1 60 Strawberries, 90c to 1.00. The ducks know when one is there

2937 1 .55 2937 8 1.75 1381 44 1 50 4116 50 1 75 The market on Southern vegetables is and won't go in the water. When I
2937 1 .55 2937 18 1.60 4116 25 2 10 also very active; receipts are light and
3526 12 1 50 see them staying on shore I know
I prices good. String beans, 2.00 to 4.00.
4332 17 1.15 4332 4 1.60
4785 10 1 40 4123 10 1 85
4332 2 1.60 4332 1 1.75 6.92:? 4 150 590 16 145 Tomatoes. 1.50 to 2.00. Cucumbers, 2.00 what is the matter, and, by keeping a
to 4.00. Beets, 1 25 to 1.50. Squash 1.25 close lookout have
588 2 1.50 588 2 1.80 6873 27 165: 3622 7 155 soon an opportunity
588 6 1.45 D M L 5 1.85 4318 14 160 4318 32 155 1.50. Egg Plant, 10.00 to 15.00. Lettuce, of shooting them. Turtle are
DML 5 1.80 DML 1 .50 3218 10 1 65 4311 17 1 75 The to market 4.00. Florida is fond of young ducks, but they are
on cabbage especially -
ACC 1 1.80 6766 10 1.90 4306 19 1 55 3120 40 1 55 with
active easily caught and line
; cabbage is nearly out ,
3685 2 1.65 3685 14 1.60
7205 25 160 6318 32 160
5869 10 1.55 5869 24 1.75 7629 23 1 55 5108 9 1 75 of the market, and all that is arriving baited with a small piece of meat.

5869 19 1.75 5869 14 1.80 7305 f 6 140 6583 12 13.5 from the South meets with good prices, JOHN HIGGINBOTHAM.

5869 8 1.75 5869 9 1.75 1180 18 1 55 386 29 1 55 selling 2.50 PALMER to 300. Orange Bend.Sanitary.
7555 22 1 60 346 13 1 60 0 f
Florida Fruit Exchange, F. C. & P. car
3436 1.60 russet 1.65. 346 37 155 478 9 1 60 Science.
average, bright BOSTON, Feb. 16.
5693 20 1 40 M\ 46 1 60
4765 5 1.70 4765 13 1.45 Sanitary science The Sanitary
Special to AND FRUIT : says
5602 6 1 55 7560 12 1 65:
4765 14 1.70 4765 13 1.70 7560 37 1 45 7560 1 1 60 Oranges ranged to day from 1.00 to News, is a science that does not re

4765 6 1.45 4765 14 1.70 7560 12 2 40 5693 2 2 55 2.37 for poor to choice. Receipts lessen- late to the earth we live on, or to the

4765 1 1.70 4765 15 1.75 5602 1 2 30 2627 4 2 15M ing; prospects brightening. Fancy grape heavens we live under, but to the con-
4665 27 1.70 4665 19 2.00 fruit, Tangerines and Mandarins in active
2 285
ditions of the homes live in. We
4665 6 1.30 4665 441 l.lS0 demand. we

4665 49 1.65 4665 lS7 1.80 Barnett Bros. for F. F. E., Chicago, SNOW& Co. can live on the earth or under the

4665 47 1.85 46C3 1 .65 Feb. 12, L. & N. car 15192; average- heavens, without knowing much about
4665 6 1.90 4665 20 1.50 bright 1.50 russets $1.47 :
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 13. them, but to live best in our homes,
Florida Fruit Exchange, W. & W. car 5285 9 1 20 5285 18 1 40 Tangerines, $7.00 to 9.00; choice navels, we must know them well. Geology

3470, average, bright 189, russet 173: 5285 25 1 55 5285 11 1 80 $4.00 to 5.00; choice brights,$2.00 to 2.35. cannot change the conditions of the
5285 15 1 M 5285 '7 1 40
200 4 1.30 200 1 1.65 Tomatoes, ripe and firm, $2.50 to 3.50;
200 17 1.65 200. 20 1.85 5285 13 1 65 5285 20 1 20 egg plants choice, $10.00 to 12.00; green earth beneath us, or astronomy thoseof

200 26 1.95 200 13 2.30 1285 19 145 5285 24 160 beans, $4.00 to 5.00; refugees, $3.00 to the heavens above us, but sanitary

200 3 1.25 250 20 1.50 5285 15 2 00 7148 22 1 25 3.50; cucumbers, $6.00 to 8.00; strawberries science can change from unhealthy to
7148 1 125 7148 4 60 90c to $1.25; lettuce, choice, $;j.OO'to
200 25 1.70 200 25 1.65 healthy the conditions of the homeswe
7148 4 150 7148 7 60 5.50 barrel. REDFIELD & SON.QUESTIONS .
200 29 1,75 200 26 1.80 live in. Is it not then a science
7148 3 55 7422 16 1 55 ,
200 20 1.85 200 20 1.85 7422 6. 1 40 7422 1 1 65 wcrthy of study? It touches the
200 22 1.85 200 17 1.85 AND REPLIES.
7458 22 170 7458 5 155 highest interests of mankind, cleanses

Florida Fruit Exchange, S. I. C. car 1291 12 1 15 1291 20 1 55 I and purifies the generation
55051: average, bright, 1.71; russet, 1.80. 1291 21 165 6807 10 160 342. BINDING THE PAPER. J. R. present ,

Sgobel & Day for F. F. E., ex City of 1720 0 1 45 7046 6 1 55 C., Paisley. It will cost you two dollarsto and will strengthen and will glorify

Augusta, 1,700 boxes, Feb. 11: 7046 4 165 have your papers bound in one vol posterity. The effects of obedienceto
C. T. F. car 2287: ume. its laws are not remote, but imme-

4307 14 1 65 5204 12 180 Stencil 7416, 331 boxes, average, bright, 343. STATE ALLIANCE EXCHANGE. diate. They touch the every-day life
980 17 1 50 980 15 200
1.68; russet, 1.59. "W. U. We really feel incompetont to
980 30 .1 70 4251 31 1 35 of all, and enter into all the relationsof
unravel the affairs of this insti-
4251 38 175 4299 22 130 life. They give strength and vigor
tution. Perhaps Col. S. S. Harvey, of
4299 24 175 4297 20 185 JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Feb. 16. Pensacola, may be able to shed some to whatever capacity in which human

2627 18 165 2627 18 160 The looked for advance in prices does light its dark passages; he becamethe endeaver is put forth.
3832 15 1 80 4785 19 140 not seem to materialize very rapidly. for
its and
heir to effects struggled a .
3891 37 1 60 3890 16 1 70 .To-day the average market is about out of ..---- -
while to try to get something
3890 23 1 75 5776 22 1 30 twenty-five cents per box above pricesof them for the creditors of the concern. General Booth says in "In Darkest

5776 16 1 60 7580 23 1 75 last week. The range is from$1 to$3, We were deceived by Oswald Wilson for England," his remarkable book, that
., 185 lots and still less
31 20 175 4311 20 very few go under $1 like others and for
awhile ,
many any "seven.tenths of the destitute and
4318 18 180 to Good sound fruit choice to
1902 18 165 go $3. have taken in
leading our
3063 8 170 5680 5 170 fancy is in demand at $2 to $2.65. Rus- subscribers part we may to deal with him we can only fallen in cities came from the coun

6709 28 1 95: 7522 11 1 75 sets of the better grades go from $1.50 to we simply accepted a person who try. They represent, not the dregs of
3600 10 145 7632 24 150 $1.80. Mandarins and Navels are still presented himself under the colors of the country, but its brighter, more
478 8 200 2701 12 155 wanted at fancy figures for choice stock. "
the Farmers'Alliance. adventurous spirits who attractedby
6481 14 135 6481 36 170 Bright Tangerines in recent sales ranged ,
346 20 165 346 30 160 $1.87 to 2.75, the fancy at $3.20 per half 344. PEELING TREES. T. G., Orlan- the glare of urban existence, be-
5063 20 175 3090 5 165 box. Navels sold $2.25 to $2.90 per box. do. The only time to peel a tree to induce came dissatisfied with the reasonable

3307 5 170 1063 31 165 This fruit will not command extreme fruitfulness is in summer when the things all too common to them, and

5174 30 185 3541 29 140 prices unless the Navel is well defined bark will slip readily. reaching for. what is new "have terribly .
347 44 140 347 46 175 and the fruit is prime. 345. CANNING OUTFIT. T. K. A., ,
347 67 190 347 27 135 Shipments during the past week have Punta Gorda. Write to Ernest Schwab, come to grief. Who is qualifiedmore

347 "31 1 75 347 57 1 106a18 been over fifty per cent. lighter than for care of John :Murphy: & Co., Baltimore. fully to speak on this subject

13 2 50 C B 28 1 70 the preceding week. Baltimore, past 346. SHIPPING LETTUCE. M. D., than this famous head of the Salvation

4310 1 1 70 4292 22 135 week, 6,600; preceding week, 14900. Orlando. Ship lettuce only by express, Army? Is it not a sombre warningto
4292 20 155 7287 40 165 Philadelphia past week, 14,000; preced- in barrels barrel crates, well ventilated. in the
3623 2 1 80 2731 26 1 50 ing week,24.000. New York, past week, Try a few with a piece of ice weighingfour many young persons country
2731 33 190 2731 27 160 24,000; preceding week, 46,600. Boston, or five pounds packed in the centerof who, unhappy with what they oughtto

2731 1 80 7560 1 2 60 past week. 15,089; preceding week, 41- the barrel just before shipping. Re- enjoy, are about to make them-

7287 22 2 10 7287 26 2 25 port results. selves worse off. Apparent promisesof
7287 15 210 7287 13 210 shipments still continue light we 347. OLIVE CULTURE. G. W. F.. city life are often illusions.
2526 2 260 4292 10 1 75 confidently expect an immediate changefor Maitland. The goverment issued some empty
4310 8 290 5588 4 290 the better. The fruit now in transit months ago a valuable pamphlet: "Olive -Rural Urban.


--- -------------
nervous wear and tear, don't get in NEW KODAKS."You of the boys at Lincoln is the annual

Our Rural fiome. the habit of patching yourself up with hegira after the bag of gold buried at

tea; it is no better for you than brandyis the base of a rain* ow arch, accordingto

for l[ for your brother. It borrows from the fairy tales. How these boys
Good Rules Wise Girls.
Peter to pay Paul and ends by rob- press the became possessed of the idea I can-

Once at least every day water should bing both. Eat bread chiefly, morning not say, but regularly each summer

touch every part of your skin and every and noon ; at dinner eat what you button, they run away after big rainbow _
should be rubbed till it is
part rosy like, only don't eat when you are not storms, when the conditions are suchas
with The need do thi
towel brush. water rest.
a or we
hungry, on account of an agreeable to produce the natural phenome.
be cold it should be unless
not : not the Each time
flavor. To eat a few nourishing non, to rapture gold.

the heat of the room or the season i things is better than to eat a lot of Seven Sew Mjiea and SizesALL Films. they return tired, hungry and bed-
LOAIUCU WITH Transparent!
makes it You bathe
agreeable. can I things poor in nutriment. In sum- For sale by all Photo.block Uealers.THEEASTMANCJMPANY. raggled, glad to resume their old
and rub in
yourself thoroughly "
mer eat less meat. Pastry will do places.
minutes the of
including use soap. you no good, and too much of it will Send for PBtaloeue. ROrilKVTER. N. Y.
Do not be afraid to use good soap on
do harm. Why not give
your face. If it makes your face shinyit you your- cultivated and raise all the CONSUMPTION
self all the chances you can to be we vege-

is only because you have not rubbedit well? It is contemptible to lower tables, etc., necessary for the home. e
I have
friction and a positive remedy for: the above disease;by its
dry. Apply lightly your tone of health just because some Only three salaried men are employed, TIM thousands! of case cf the worst kind and of longstanding

briskly with the palms of your hands unwholesome thing tastes good. Yet the boys and men doing all the farm have been cured. Indeed BO strong is my fait}
and the shine will disappear.If : in its eJcacy: that: I w.ll sand TWO BOTTLES putt,rvnh
you are not to be an ascetic in diet work. a VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to any sufferer
during the day you get into a who will send me their Enress; ant P.O.address.T. .
of the inmates of
But remember that proportion
let the perspirationdry by any means. A. SIocuui, M. C.. 183 Pearl St., N. Y.
never the best time to eat unwholesome your place owe their physical and I

on your skin; take off your clothes things is not when your appetite is too mental condition to consanguinity?" I
and rub with towel. Per
yourself a squeamish to eat anything else, but "It is very small. From exhaustive SPRAY
cools the of the skin
spiration surface
when it is strong enough to eat any- investigation we have arrived at the
and sends the blood inward. If it
thing. Then there is a chance of your conclusion that only 6 per cent. of PUMPS
dries chill but if rub
so you get a you digesting the stuff, and that is the our inmates are the progeny of the MADE BY

yourself and the then blood returns safe. to the surface main thing. intermarriage of relatives. Fully 70 ( '$) ) THE DEMINC CO.'y .
you And now, as to exercise, take all per cent are there simply because : SALEM OHIO.
Sun and air are as good for the skinas
you can get, but 'never carry it to the their parents are too poor to take care Write for Catalogue and TREATISE ox SPBAYINO
If find of"tanning"
water. you can from head means to foot point of fatigue, and take all you can of them. In the institution at Elwyn,

yourself in the air in air at Pa. the consanguinity record is
in the sun so much the better. Clothesare open or pure any 7 per NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY.
rate. Gentle extension movements of cent. Whether or not this intermarriage I
a necessary misfortune in our cli y IN COUNTY COURT, )IDUVAL
and the best results in a feebleminded JUDGE'S
arms, legs body are ; no pro-
mate and civilization but to be with COUNTY FLORIDA.\\
heavy weights, no violent exertions.But geny is a disputed question. The Chas. W. DaCosta, administrator
them for half hour
out an every day of Geo. C. Goodrich deceased
Bourbons notorious for these
go through a regular every were aforesaid filed in the
would be for if late of the county having
good can so ,
you, you day, if only for fifteen minutes. Thereis practices and every one knows what office of the County Judge of said county a writ
Make habit of of the of said
arrange matters. a ted suggestion insolvency estate
immense difference between flu profligates and imbeciles their childrenwere.
an notice is hereby given to all persons having; claims
drawing your breath deep at every in- teen minutes and nothing at all. Be But on the! other hand the of any nature whatever against said estate to file
authenticated, in the office of
spiration. You can begin this when the same. duly
ambitious, but be prudent, and by sturdy, lovableand healthy: inhabitants Count Judge of !said county on or before the 8th
you are working indoors; by and by April. A. D., 1892 at which time there will
of Pitcairn
and and after Island all desendants of
will be able to do it all the time. by you your daughters be a pro rata payment to creditors entitled there.
you you may revive the perfect type of the family of castaways, are living examples to, and the administrator discharged.
But you cannot breathe properly with Witness mv name as County Judge of said
womanhood. to the contrary. county, this Sth day of September. A. D., 1891.
corsets on. You will have to choose, "One of the peculiar freaks of some W n. OWEN.

I am afraid, between good lungs and Insanity and Intermarriage.Mr. io-i-6m County Judge.

stylish corsets. You can have no idea of
W. B. Fish, Superintendent
until you have tried it what a refresh Feeble-minded xa> 40-BU Ac .
the Home for the at NORTHERN GROWN SEEDS
ment and strengthening this deep
Lincoln Ill. was at the Grand Pacific
It is No more bard times if you plant Halzer*Seed Whyl Because they are vigor,
breathing gives. to your insides this morning and talked of his institution ORB and Dro liile. You Dave of ten seen seed come up sickly aril weak, with not
what is outside. You enough life to produce a crop. That want Salzer freed They doitt act that
bathing to your and the encouraging of way. They oro full of life and vigor When you sow you expect to reap. That's
will find that fresh air is progress eternally i isrht. If you wish to reap big crops, rood
soon a luces the work of taking care of the State's seed must be sown. That's why I went you to send for u;
and will take I am the Only eeu>man making Farm
sity to you care to have charges. seed it rupee Use 6 ooo acres. New U bcMt,Hur
well ventilated Icy,Oat* Corn,eta Laiyrt Grower of Seeds
your rooms especially "The prevailing idea is that the ; POTATOES Intheworli.
your bedroom. Cover yourself well
feeble-minded are a mere refuse heapof 10 Farm for postage!
I, [& samples Seeds 80
up in bed, but sleep with your window humanity and are no better than i FOR12

wide open, no matter how cold it is. .
hopeless idiots. That theory is not Introduce my Xorthera Crown Seeds everrwhere. -
I offer postpaid. -
GIVE YOURSELF A CHANCE. entertained at Lincoln. We have I I 1 Pke. Melon, T 'S
p. 1 Pkc. Itadlsh, / fVLf*. listed In //V! 3
When you sit down sit upright. graduated' as high as twenty percent AtzERS It t pig Pkjr.Tomato Lettuce,, f L >J no America Catalog under in / B Os.PE R ACREs ,

Never let the contour of your back be of the inmates in a year and MARVEL SPRING 15 Pkp .Elernnt V COe. I'
i ,
Flower Heed /
convex. Keep the distance betweenthe found good homes for( them. Elegant Seed Catalog 5ewith 9 pkgs 17e.Accrnpi '

hips and the top of your ribs as "You remember that Dr. Dugdale,

long as nature will allow. Your interior of New York, once made a tour of all

organs need all the space they can get, the prisons, jails, etc., of the State, -
-j : i ia portrait of the late Prof i ,
longitudinally as well as latitudinally.You and found a great many people bearing ( j ng
whose wirM' E. PhJpi, M. D., LL. D. of Dortmou!
will it
find hard not to "slouch"at the same family name an -

first, but stick to it; get up and cestry he traced back through six gen- 4 Co! ege. He was a strong,able man, who stood

walk about if it becomes too weari- erations to a couple of peculiar na- + big pin the literary and scientific worlds. It is not

some. When you lie down in the tures. The forefather was a lazy, .. >- generally known, but it is.nevertheless, the truth

daytime lie flat; don't prop yourselfso shiftless fellow, inclined to h known to the Medical profession and Chemist,
that you are half lying, half sitting. and the mother was an imbecile. s .
universally as Paine's Celery Compound, unquestionably
Never heat your spine with feather Under the caption of the 'History of : : one of the most valuable discover

pillows or cushions. Keep your spine the Jukes,' the learned doctor figuresit of this century. This remarkable compound is

and all that region cool and the circu- that the State of New York paid not a nervine, an essence,a sarsapanlla, or am

lation of blood will keep it warm. out $1,250,000 for the care of the .
your -- devised article, but a disarz'"" and it marks a

If you lie on a sofa let it be a cane- descendants of this couple. So if distinct. step in medical practice, and the treatment

bottomed sofa or of some non.heating Illinois did no more than to properly of nervous complicttirnand! the greatest

material. The great nerve centers in protect the 200 girls now at Lincoln of all modern diseases-Paresis. It has beer

your back must be kept fresh and the expense would be but an infinite W freely admitted by the bet mtdical talent in tl c

healthy. Never read when you are particle compared with the good ac N\ ; J land,and also by the leading chemists and scien-

lying down, but only when you are complished. The Late PROF, PHELPS tists, that for nervous troubles, nervous exhaust-

sitting erect. "\Ve are now paying considerable ion, |insomnia, debility senility, and even the

Don't eat candy; you never would if attention to the industrial educationof dreaded and terrible Paresis, nothing has ever been discovered which reaches the disordci

you could see the inside of your the inmates, and it has been foundto and restores health equal to this discovery of Prof Phelps.

stomach after When be wonderful factor in the curric-
doing so. you a DON'T BE FOOLED &* eloimu of DtaTS who bare *n 7a# are faint from lack of food, or from ulum. The plot of 400 acres is well, Diamond for FAMILY AND FANCY DYE -. -. ,

.' '.




Ghemis 1." those recommended by Dr. Kedzie in his f| way indicate that in each million poundsof tially answers this question. As we godownward
Agricultural recent report, and which was adopted by soil there are 1,630 pounds of acid- in these soils the potash both
I) the National Associatioaof Official Chemists I soluble phosphoric} acid, and eighty-one in a water soluble and oluble con-

DO FLORIDA SOILS LEACH ? at our meeting in Washington in August pounds of acid-soluble potash. Or if we dition decidedly increases. The phosphoric -

last. While the methods recom- I adopt Prof. Johnson's estimate(probably; I I acid seems to be much less vagrant -

mended in that report can for the moat: I too low for most Florida toils and sup- ,; in its habits. It stays where it is
Further Analyses by the State part claim the sanction of very high pose that one foot depth of soil on one '' put. But the element that is i most neededis

Chemist. authority, it is only fair to state that acre weighs four million pounds or 2,000 the greatest runabout. There is very

Editor FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: some of the methods and processes therein tons, we have only to multiply each little to prevent its departure with the
recommended have encountered grave number by four to obtain the amounts endlt'ssly'arying conditions of surface

ticle A few giving weeks the ago results you of published some investigations an ar-- citicisrn in quarters entitled to the high- J present on one acre to the depth above and underground drainage. Less than

est respect. In estimating the "acid- indicated. two per cent. of clay-like material whichis
made to
of dieback by myself in as probable of thegrove soluble" material in soils Dr. Kedzie uses It will be remembered that .soil No. 1 here present is capable of stopping up

origin of Cyrus W. Butler some ,portions of St. Petersburg hydrochloric acid, sp. g. 115. in a steam is from a mound in an old grove where only a very small proportion of the innu-
tiht, glass-stoppered bottle kept at boil the trees have been seriously affected merable avenues for its escape.
in this State. Since then I have
made some further examinations of the ing temperature for from 38 to 40 )hours.It with die-back; No. 2 from a youngfr SOILS NOT ALL ALIKE.It .

soils and sub-soils of this grove as well as is urged that under these conditionsthe grove, less seriously affected and No. 3 will not do, however, to push this
is and that various from neighboring wood lot, covered
tho "virgin soils" adjacent thereto, and, glass attacked a argument too far. It does not necessarilyfollow
compounds of silica, alumina, calcium, with pines and willow-oaks, and appa-
in accordance with my promise, I herewith that what is true of this particularsoil
similar the the soil in the old
ferric oxide, etc., are dissolved which. rently
submit the results of the analysis is true of every other even of appar-
made. under] ordinary soil conditions. could grove. ently similar physical and chemical com-

While it is wise to be cautious in draw- never become soluble. Without entering SURFACE SOIL NO. I. position. The writer has for years been
into the merits of the question the writer (From surface; to one foot below.)
based convinced from in
ing general conclusions upon one largely experience
deemed it best to this at least Acid.coluble, per cent.:
or a dozen analyses of contiguous soilsor adopt as a Phosphoric! acid...... ................. 1630 the cultivation of the excessively sandy
sub-soils, it is nevertheless believed provisional method: one that in a certain Potash.............................. 0081 soils of South Florida that there is often
be sense has become official, and one that if loss of the element in
that some useful hints may gatheredfrom Water-soluble!' per cent.: great particular
here faithfully followed out might be expectedto Fhosphric; acid......................... 0071 Others, however, possibly bet-
investigations given.A give fairly uniform or at least com- Potash.................................. ooio question.
Nitrogen...................... .... .. 0016 ter and more competent judges, enter-
POOR SOILAs parable results. One or two variations tain different views. What we all wantto

a fairly complete analysis of two from the foregoing methods were in the SUB-SOIL NO. I. know is the facts, and any contribution -
feet below
From two to three )
samples of surface soils, from these present instance deemed judicious. The of facts which helps to settle this

groves, has already been published, it is quantity of actual )>Otash present and of Acid-Pho-phoncle. per acid cent....:.:.................. .1287 important question is not without valueto

unnecessary to repeat them. Suffice it water-soluble potash and phosphoric acid Potash ..... .. ..................:/ ... .0147. the cultivators of such a soil.
to say that both these soils consisted essentially was so exceedingly minute that from ten Water-soluble, per cent : NORMON ROBINSON,
of silex (sand), a little more to forty times the amount of soil recom- Phosphoric acid....................... 0021 State Chemist.
mended Dr. Kedzie made of Potash...................... .. ........ .oois I
than 95 per cent. and that the remainingpart by was use Nitrogen.... ................ ......... 0014 --- ----- -
was made up of the usual soil con- in the determinations. In the case of

stituents, with a fair proportion of phos-- potash, this, as every practical chemist (From SURFACE surface to SOIL one NO.foot 2.below.) "WOBTII A GUINEA A DOx.u
phoric acid and an exceedingly small percent is i aware, involved new and special diffi

of potash. Compared with many, culties. Sometimes two and even three Acid-soluble Phosphoric! per acid.cent..:..................... 1368
such a soil may be said to be naturallyvery precipitations, filtrations and evaporations Potash.............................. .. .0145 J
The total amount of plant were found necessary before the Water-soluble, percent.: s
poor. of soluble and "avail- final addition of chloroplatinic acid. The Phosphoric! acid.......... .......... .004* ILLSWGLL
food,and especially Potash............... ....... ... .... .0036
able" plant food is far below the needsof unfortunate habit of potash of clinging Nitrogen............ ................... 0013
most forms vegetable life. Without very tenaciously to such precipitates was SUB-SOIL NO 2. CURE

artificial aid, in such a soil, only obviated as much as possible by prolonged (From two to three feet below surface ) |;Scurvy and Scorbutic Affections, Pimples -<|
washing with hot distilled water, in
those plants whose penetrate very every
Acid-soluble per cent.. |[ and Blotches on the Skin, Bad j[
deeplyor whose root growth and main and instance a considerable time after argen- Phosphoric acid.... . ............ 1446
fibrous, in other words, whose absorbing tic nitrate failed to show the presence of Potash!' .. ............................... 0158 \\ Legs, Ulcers, Wounds, etc. \\
surface or feeding is enormously chlorides. While there was undoubtedlysome Water-soluble, per cent.: \\ Th cue: of all thcre complaints is float-<|
POWt maintain the loss in this tedious series of Phosphoric acid....,................... .0022
developed, can successfully operations Potash ............. ............ .... .. 0016 *break out en the body. 5J
struggle for existence. Indeed, one of every effort was made to reduce it Nitrogen.. ......... _................. .0012 J This class of diseases: requires that the]'
the first things that strikes an observant to a minimum. In the case of the phos- blood bj powerfully and preservingy! acted J
SURFACE VIRGIN SOIL NO 3 i.i order to cleanse j it from all the
acid the estimate made in the iC'upon <
person, accustomed to richer northern phoric was (From surface to one foot below.) morbid humors. It is of no use to heal the'!
'lands, and who attempts to clear and usual manner by the molybdic method. Acid-soluble per cent : core by outward applications. r

cultivate a "piney woods farm" in South Water-soluble nitrogen was estimated by I'hosphuric acid....................... .128 13ccc1Ia1's Pik mil Gere tkese Afflictions.Oi
Florida is the marvelous root growth of Nessler's solution for free and album inoul shrubs and that show aboveground ammonia, and for nitrates and nitrites by Water-soluble!' per cent.: :all dru" *ists. Price 25 cats a box.
many plants the Greiss solution and Phosphoricucid...:............... .. .0033 t. Ntcrk Dcpoi, C-nal St. 43
only an insignificant development (napthylamine Potash .. ...........................,. coo6 ..m to ; u .'. .v vri
of leaf and stem. It is thus of sulphanilic acid) which is at least ten Nitrogen............ .......... .... 009
existing times as sensitive as brucine recommended Hatch Chickens by Steam
j course that nature adapts itself to SUBSOIL (IF VIRGIN SOIL NO.3. '

conditions.And by Dr. Kedzie.AN (From two to three feet below surface ) IMPROVED EXCELSIOR INCUBATORftwill

yet this same poor soil APPARENT ANOMALY. Acid-M) >1uble. percent.: : do it.Thousands successful oper-
Pho..Jlhoncncid..................... .. .J4o?> J Simple,.reTlecta"dtlf-Kt9leUi9.
HAS ITS ADVANTAGES.It Had time permitted the estimates Potash!' ........ ........... .... -....... .0200 first-clans. Hatcher mada.
would have been continued to other soil to batch a I inter percentage
responds with great promptness to judi- than other.
Water soluble, percent.: eggs at I lets eort any
cious applications of fertilizers. Its ready constituents as in the case of surface Phosphoric acid....................... 0031 fiend 60., for bias Catalog w.u.11..UUJ.Qa1acl.iii.PIIINTINGIOFFICE.
soils Nos. 1 and 2 first It Potash .00I2Nitrugen.
permeability by air and moisture relieves published. .. .. .... ...
............... .. .0003
it from some of the worst ills to which would have been especially advantageousto
heavier soils are subject, and if the prob- have determined the relative amountsof It is believed that the above ,lptp\'min.'

lem of how to fertilize without serious iron, alumina, etc.. in these sub-soi's, ations, which cert i Jly have ii v vvjd an

loss, and In accordance with the exact as well as in No. 3 surface soil, as: theme amount of labor thin only>" practical client
needs of each soil and of each particular' is good reason for supposing that in all ists can appreciate, are not without: their
these soils the constituents value. Of course no single soil analysis::
plant or tree growing thereon, can once argillaceous
increase down. From various and for tint matter no number of soil FO 5. LI4.
be satisfactorily solved there is no reason as ;you go
why with its splendid climatic con- observed reactions, the writer is inclinedto analyses unless made consecutively
ditions, such a soil should not becomeone think also that both the surface and of the same soil both in its original and

of the most productive in the world. sub-soil of No. 3, which has never been uncultivated condition and under cultivation

It is needless to say that to the cultivatorof cultivated, contains more "clay" than and this too for a series of years, I have had placed in my hands
such lands this is 'problem of prob- either No. 1 or No. 2. If such should can absolutely decide this matter of the

lems. To say that it is difficult and com prove to be the case it would explain, or leaching or escape: of potash from the and offer for sale a
plicated and that we are yet far from its at least help to explain, the apparent an- soil. Still, I am persuaded that the evi-
of unused and fertilizedsoil dence here given, though; in itself cer-
complete solution, is simply to echo the omaly an never
convictions of all ,thoughtful observers.To having considerably more potash and tainly not conclusive, has an important

assert, however, that the problem is nearly as much phosphoric acid as contiguous bearing upon the question.: If we could Complete\ printing PiCB-
soil No. 3 is iden-
incapable of at least an approximateanswer soils to which large and frequent be certain that virgin
is to suppose that the hand of additions of these substances have been tical with or even fairly representativeof
which elsewhere is made. soil Nos. 1 and 2 in their original condition -
scientific agriculture would be ON EASY TERMS.
accomplishing such important results HOW TQ READ THE TAtLES.It the matter simplifiedand

has here somehow "last its cunning." will be observed that in the follow- the argument much alike Florida Contiguous -

The writer does not share in this gloomy ing tables the percentages are in all cases : soils, apparently much in CYLINDER PRESS, TWO JOB PRESSES
and elsewhere do'ary"ery
view. carried out to the fourth place of decimals ,
CHEMICAL METHODS EMPLOYED. This gives great convenience in chemical com ,ition. Leaving this. AND FULL OUTLAY OF TYPE.
out of the
therefore entirely
Before giving the results of the analyt- comparative estimates and in translating tion, but taking the analyses above

ical determinations made, it will perhapsbe these estimates into easily understood given,and remembering that Mr. Butler,
numbers. If the reader will in each
well few words concerningthe
to a making
say he has for ears been -
as assures us, j
methods employed. As only chemistsor case drop the decimal point and the frequent and heavy applications of Further information on application to
fair knowledge of cipher, if any, and read the remaining
those who have a fertilizers to these groves, it is hard to
to be interested in figures as so many pounds in a millionor
chemistry are likely legist the conclusions that in these par-
this matter, the general reader can con- in Jive hundred tuns he will at once ticular surface soils at least there has Chas. W. DaCosta
sider himself at liberty to skip the following have a very ready way of getting at the I Ii been ,
paragraph: i amounts present.) For instance, if we i iI
The general scheme and methods of I take the first table under the head of II III A GREAT LOSS OF POTASH. JACKSONVILLE FLA.FXnnUARY .
Where has it ? The analysis par
analysis employed were substantially I "surface soil No.1"the figures read in this gone



cay." Meiritt's Island lies to the and is peculiarly adapted to the growthof disastrous freeze of that year drew the
Ouratu.raIWeaIth. eastward. This island is thirtyfivemiles the citrus family of fruits. The low line of successful culture down toward

long by six miles wide at the hammocks are heavily timbered with the south end of the county, and here

Brevard County. north end, and is bounded on the east the same growth, and, in addition, after, on the west bank of the river, as

by Banana River, a broad, shallow, ash, magnolia and gum, while the far south as Eau Gallie, we doubt if
Florida contains so much undevel body of water, abounding in fish, soil is black and generally underlaidwith we can grow more than we need for
oped and even unexplored territorythat while still to the eastward lies Cape marl. This land is adapted to home consumption.On .

truthful statements of her natural Canaveral, with its superb lighthouse.At the growth of bananas, sugar cane, Merrill's Island and on the
wealth, soil, climate, etc., will be of Oleander Point-a well known corn, and vegetables generally. Un coast from Canaveral southward theycan

interest to many outsiders and even to land mark to all boatmen on the riVer like most of the high hammock landsof he grown very profitably. The
her 'own -citizens. We shall print, -the noted the State those on Indian River, late Captain M. O. Burnham made a

from time to time, some account of the of ROCK LEDGE HAMMOCK like Rock Ledge, for instance, are success of the Egyptian Queen variety,
the resources and advantages perfectly healthy. The soil is of that which he considered the best for mar
several counties of the State, begin. commences, so named on account of
fertility that an orange grove will come ket. At the worst, two crops only
from the shore "ledged": with coquina
ning this week with extracts a
into bearing and pay a handsome were lost by the freeze of 1886. Dr.
rock. The water is comparatively:
recent pamphlet on Brevard County,
before is William Witlfield of Merrill's Island
revenue any fertilizing necessary ,
deep to the rocks so that wharves
issued by the DaCosta Publishing up
an item of no small importanceto one of our most successful growers,
from feet
forty to seventy-five long
House: the tells that he has Tnnidads
man. me grown
poor i
At this writing Brevard County extends will reach six feet of water.
that without cultivation
CROPS. extra care or ,
line Just to the north of Oleander Pointis
from the northern boundary
As the attained eleven and half pounds
a money-making crop orange a
the town of Cocoa quite a thriving
of township 20, to and including ,
while his of
takes the lead. The Indian River weight, Egyptian Queens
south distance of loB village of half a dozen stores and two
township a
37 orange needs no description or eulogyat extra size sold readily at filly cents
within its hotels.
miles. It embraces
present our hands. In whatever market each by the crate.
limits about Rockledge hammock is three miles
eighty townships, or near
they be placed they at once lead
ly miles. The whole of long by an average width of half a may DURING THE PAST YEAR
3,000 square
all others, both in demand and price.
the celebrated Indian River is mile, and is one continuous
em orange The thousands of tourists who visit us this industry has assumed immense
braced in this county, with the exception grove its entire length, a large part invariably them proportions, and thousands of acres
miles the southof just coming into bearing.At everyseason pronounce
of about twenty to the finest ever tasted. The true test have changed hands, while hundredsof
St. Lucie River, known as Jupiter the point of Merrill's Island the the
as to the quality of an article is the acres have been set, amount
Narrows. beach commences which separates price it brings in the market. Thoseof only limited by the supply of plants.
Indian River from the ocean. It varies
our readers who have followed the Some of the more growers
peculiar system of water com- from a mile to a few hundred yards price currents of the New York and venture the assertion that in a few

munication extending along the At- across. other northern markets, have noticed years the shipments of pines will equal,
lantic Coast and separated from the Three miles south of Eau Gallic the that Indian Rivers were quoted from if not exceed, the orange crop. The
river widens out to nearly two miles,
ocean, generally by narrow strips of fifty cents up to one dollar per box present season-1891-the shipmentswill
clusters of islands and which is its average width until we while the
land or con above any other brands. be about 12,000 crates,
nected therewith inlets various reach St. Sebastian River, some will doubled. Our
by at Our Indian River oranges have in acreage be nearly
places, changes from the broad bays twenty miles south of Melbourne. St. fact risen to the dignity of special pines, like our oranges, are very superior -
and sounds of the Virginia and Caro- Sebastian River is quite a large body"of quotations in our leading Jacksonvillepapers in quality. We have shippedsome

lina coast as we proceed southward, fresh water, rising in the flat- much to the chagrin of friendsin from our own place that receivedthe
and when reach St. woods, near the head of the St. Johns, from the
we Augustine they the interior. This superiority con high praise consumer,
assume such long narrow shapes as to and is noted for its fine fresh water sists in the marked absence of pulp, "that they were the first they had ever

be called rivers; hence the Matanzas, fishing.We the extra amount of juice, and the de eaten that did not require sugar when
Halifax, Hillsborough and Indian now come to the licious sweetness, without losing serving them." As we can let them .

Rivers are, in fact, immense bodiesof THE NARROWS, character.DOES. begin to color before picking, they are
salt water connected with the ocean simply a number of islands in the very superior to those that have to be

by inlets, and subject, near those inlets, channel of the river, and extendingfor ORANGE GROWING PAY? picked green like our imported ones.
several miles southward. After It is still a disputed question with
to the influences of tide water. Imaginea The largest plantations are from An-
passing the "Hole-in the.Wall," the some whether growing, as a
body of water one hundred and forty orange kona southward. Those at Eden and
miles long, and from one to five in narrowest part of the river, it widensout rule, pays or not. The true answerto Jensen are very promising. On the
width; so straight that a line stretched again, and fifteen miles below is.. such a query depends to a great extent beach opposite Melbourne many

from one end to the other would not the inlet, with St. Lucie opposite. on the locality, the soil and the thousands have been set and with

touch either bank, with a wide channel Twenty miles below we reach Eden, grower. We have seen many groves proper care we have no doubt but they

from six to twelve feet in depth, not noted for its enterprising citizens, its that we do not believe will ever pay will prove a success, as those alreadyin
an obstruction in the way of rocks or high bluffs and its large plantations of the owner the first cost of setting. We fruiting indicate.

sunken trees, and you get an idea of pineapples and bananas. Waveland, know some such groves in Brevard I
what Indian River is. five miles south, is just over the line county, but fortunately very few. There is a madness in neuralgic:pains which ;
another for in Dade county, and near the mouthof With us, as a rule, we have no hesitation none but sufferers know. Pity the universal
Lapping by one some world don't know that this! madness is cured by
ten miles, the Mosquito Lagoon to the St. Lucie River. in saying that orange growingdoes Salvation Oil,the famous lotion for man and beast.
east, and the head of the Indian Riverto The western part of the county is pay. For proof positive on this .

the west, they are separated by a generally flat pine woods and prairies, point, we will state that the owners of There are some good pecan grovesin
narrow strip of land, scarcely more devoted almost exclusively to stock. nearly all the groves who originally set Flo-ida T. F. Bruce, of Monli-

than a quarter of a mile wide. At raising. The broad prairies border the trees, have made everything they cello, has a grove of 100 acres. The

Haulover, which, as the name indicates ing on the St. Johns are fine grazing possess from the sale of the fruit they trees are five years old and are worth
is where sailboats were form- lands, and the settlement of Fort have marketed. We can name several $10 each. Major Russell, of Olustee,

erly transferred from one river to the Drum, thirty miles west of Indian orange growers who have during the Baker county, has a 25 acre grove andis

other, there is now a canal sixty feet River Inlet, comprises some among past ten years expended from $10,000to now setting out another of 160 acres.
wide. Northward the river extendsfor the largest stockmen in this section of $20,000 cash on their places in the He sold this year's crop at 50 cents a

six miles, forming a huge basin, the State. Thousands of cattle can way of improvements, every dollar of pound for planting purposes. Mr.
and surrounded by immense bodies.of' be seen grazing on the broad, level which came from the sale of the pro- Stuart, of Ocean Springs, Miss., has

hammock lands, rich and desirable, prairies; while the owners, although ducts of their places. With careful I sold this year's crop of the "paper

but unfortunately mostly covered by living, perhaps, in rough houses, will and systematic management, reason shell" variety for $i per pound and
old Spanish grants. receive the stranger with the most ably good transportation, an honest did not have enough to supply the de

South of 'the canal, about two miles, courteous welcome and entertain him and well established commission merchant mand. Mrs. Dumas, of St. Augustine -

is the old Dummitt grove, celebratedthe with the most liberal hospitality.THE good quality of fruit, well has a small but thrifty gro.e.Some .
world over for its luscious oranges. LANDS. graded, sized, wrapped, and packedin of the trees are 60 feet high and
boxes there need be fearas feet in diameter. They are in
The wild neat no 2*
original orange trees were Along the river lands are divided
the results in the of their and bearing vigorously.She .
to re prime
changed to a sweet grove by trans into pine and hammock. The latteris way
planting and budding, in 1852, by subdivided into high and low ham munerative prices. has also a grove of 7-year-old
which to bear.Horsef'ord's .
the late Captain Douglass Dummitt mocks. The high hammocks are PINEAPPLESare trees, are +. .

and his brother-in-law, General William densely wooded with live oak, hickory now receiving more attention than Acid PhosphateFor
P. Hardee.Six red bay and palmetto, with an almost ever before. Previous to January, I
miles south of Titusville the impenetrable undergrowth of iron 1886, they gave promise of being Wakefulness, %
river is six miles wide, and is known wood, wild olive, myrtle and vines. grown as far north as the Haulover Hysteria, and other diseases of the

among boatmen as the "Bay of Bis' The soil is either red or grey coquina, with a fair prospect of profit, but the nervous system.





t phosphoric acid is subject to the fertilizer after the gentlemen, "cheering by The Wonderful Disinfecting Powerof

1 plate J'fews.J' tax, but in combination with waving of hands the excellent shoot. the Soil.

carbonic acid it is not. ing done by the hunters." The writer
J'' - ""'" .... At a meeting of the Massachusetts

Messrs. Mead & Cutler, of Ocala, For twenty-two boxes of oranges describes an onslaught the returning Horticultural Society Dr. Henry

! are shipping hothouse cucumbers. sold in New York through the Florida birds of spring as "an oasis in what- Barnes read a paper on "Irrigationwith
ever Sahara the hold for "
I year may us. Fresh Sewage from which we
The oyster canneries at Apalachicola Fruit Exchange, January 14, 1892, ,
! Mr. F. A. received There are probably numberof extract :
have started up again and want Montague $36.30net. quite a
more boats to keep them supplied with His lemons the past season vineyards yet to be pruned in this Within the city of Paris, on a plotof

oysters. have brought him $4.25 per box. grape-growing district of the State land about 25x150 feet in extent, is

I The steam packers at Micanopy Good prices for good, well packed between now and spring; and we exhibited a model of sewage farming,
the of as conducted at Grennevilliers. At one
fruit.-Halifax hope by experiment the
I have been brought to such perfection Journal. way
alleged new modes and theories of corner, a few steps down, is shown
i that they size, wrap and pack fifty five General Manager Maxwell and other I pruning, noted of late in our columns the character of the soil and sub-

t I oranges per minute. officials of the F., C. & P. R'y madea will not be forgotten-the most impor- strata, seen through plate} glass! set in

j I The Indian River Advocate records run over the line yesterday. On !I I I tant of which seems to be the cutting I the wall. Ten or twelve inches of

) fifty-three transfers of real estate i in their return Capt. Maxwell stopped |j I I of canes back one point less than they black loam rests upon yellow soil,

I Brevard county in January. The his train at Williston and took on 300 j! are intended for growth, and then, I underlaid by sand and gravel. All

I largest consideratIOn recorded was boxes oranges that could not be car- 'I I when the buds start in the spring, the I was underdrained five leet below.

, $100,000. ried. Thursday of last week a freight rubbing off of the buds at the last From the underdrain a tap dischargedclear

i Plant City will prove to be the train passed Williston loaded with joint left.-Vineyard. j cool, sparkling water, which

queen !city of Florida as to the ship. phosphate flint rock, oranges and other I analysis has shown to be equal to

ping of oranges this season. She will freights a quarter of a mile long.- Alligator Lake, or "the Big Lake," good spring water. Drinking cups
T.-D. the largest in this section, is lower there and trial
ship 20,000 boxes more than any Levy were upon it was foundto
inland town in the State. She has than known for a long time, three be, so far as temperature, odor,
To get the voice of the people as to : fourths of its
being but
area now an taste and color far above the
large packing houses. go, aver
a tax for a World's Fair appropriation, expanse of muck. This is of the
age town water supply, although derived -
I Mr. John Close, of Lemon Avenue, the commissioners of Manatee county richest quality, enough of it is there from the city sewage. The sur-

is a vegetable grower of some dimensions decided that an election would cost I to run a capacious fertilizer factory for face bore rows of with
when the is $200 and that they 'could asset tain ,
fact stated that last I many years. Hundreds of acres of I occasional ditches-four or five inches
season he shipped 9,000 crates of cabbage the popular sentiment by a personal lake bottom are now dry land. About if made with
deep, as a plough-serving
This season he has growingthe canvass, paying themselves $2 a day, the edges are thousands; of pearly- to the which
carry sewage at
following acres: Cabbage, 50; at an expense of $25. They chose shelled mussels. The subsidence of regular intervals, was discharged into

cukes, 40; potatoes, 25; onions, 5.- the latter course. Forty citizens, including the water has been gradual, so that these channels. Garden vegetables

Ocala Banner. some of the leading tax-payers, there has been no destruction of nh fruits and flowers occupied the land,,

Attorney General Lamar has decided presented a petition against the tax. except by crowding. A few more surrounded by espaliers of apples,

that soft phosphate is liable to taxation A Yalaha correspondent of the months like the three years just passed peaches, grapes and pears, furnishing

under the provisions of chapter 3854, I Leesburg Commercial gives an account will leave the great lake entirely dry, I a wonderful example of what may be

laws of Florida. He bases his decision of an annual festival which save for the sinks.-Lake City Tobacco done under intensive culture by the

on the fact that this is not a "marl,' would seem to be better honored in Plant. use of sewage. Furthermore, it was

within the meaning of the legislative the breach than in the observance. PSI absolutely inoffensive.

enactment, but a "phosphateIn 'The bird hunt," a picnic joined in Patience, but thevcannot and gentleness cure a cough are$.useful;,.which and howeverDr powerful _....._
other words, lime in combination with by the ladies, who followed closely Bull's Cough Syrup will always do. PILLS.Impaired Degestiou repaired by BEECHAU'S


' The JBolloviOA2r Mining: : ; Coxn.pan..y's Greetin.g.To .

the Orange Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida:

'. We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 per
cent, becomes gradually availablc. Experts certify to its having a value 303 plant food green as it comes from the mine of over $25 per ton as compared with commercial -
i acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its usc. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Ialyvan, of Ocala, is as follows:

Insoluble' Silicate and Sand....... ......18.761 I Phosphoric Acid.......................... 27.63 I Oxide of lion......................... ........ .74 j Magnesia!' and Soda ......... ..... .... 6.59
Carbonate Lime........... ............... 4.56 j Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime -... ....60.70 I| Aluminum -....................... a.07 I I Moisture... ...... ......... .............. 6.55
) He says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Bellevievv Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is per
fectly burnt and.pulverized in fine powder.
Serge Malyvan says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is con-
tained in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview.
The Belleview Soft Phosphate is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries. and for cotton and corn it has no equal.
The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is absolutely essential as plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof
buying plant food at so little cost per ton. -

More About Soft Phosphate. rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only gives! them their dark green color? Certainly cation have just commenced to start up. Mr. MeMaler
The follow ng in regard to soft phosphate is in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn : notningin the soil.a.. itispoorpine land. Neither of the firm of McMa'ter& Miller of San
I taken from the Gainesville Sun: from the sixteen tow>that hid soft phosphate on is it good cultivation. Chemistry teaches that Mateo visited my grove a few days since and expressed -
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor it as I did from the next thirty rows. "l he corn.I orange trees requ re potash, phosphoric. acid! and himself as being very much astonishedat
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no did not dry up any for want of rain as the r-st f. lime ad the pine lands of Florida require humus. the growth of the trees where the soft phosphate
sort of d oibt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly thecrop did. I am well pleased and will use it In muck and pho-phate we have all but the had been applied. If you will remember,
speak of it in the most complimentary this year on all my crops." potash. This added gives us a perfect fertilizer, the first shipment' of Phosphate was made less
t nns.Ir.. George Saxon, writing from and yet there are men who tell u; that it will not than sixty days since and until the last few dayswe
Tallahassee, says: do, that the raw materials must. be manipulatedby have had very little rain.
The so t phosphate! referred to in the granulated Soft Phosphate. the chenti-t. and refined product fed to our I I am fully convinced' that one ton of the Belle-
article containing the elements of ground bone Mr Sutton one of our Alliance! ex-editors | trees. What nonsense! I dou't believe any such view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
and ; laws en'ererl into the Divine plan of Nature.- food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever
SO per cent phosphate of lame (bone phosphate writes as follows to the Florida Agricultudst on a
)crude as it conies from the mine. This I matter of much interest to our farmers: Phosphate Field. been brought into the State,and I would warmly
I Mr. has since ordered' thirty.five tons to recommend its use to the orange growers in the
soft phosphate was put upon cotton last year I 'Now l\Ir.1ditor.1 am the same crank still, Button
alongside of cotton !seed as fertilizers, and there:- only more so, on the subject of muck soft phosphate put on his groves adjoiuing Welshton.JACKSONVILLE. btate. Yours truly
sult wa fully or more than double, in yield of and home-made lertilizers and, like the I I w D. GREEN LEAF.
; cotton over the cotton sted, while it gave lour fellow who killed the rattle snake, I have the {
times the yield over the same land without any II III rattles to show. My trees are loo ing better according | FLA., June 12, i1391.C. .
fertilizer. Rev. T. \V Moore of Leesburg looked I' to age than adjacent groves upon which B. SMITH. President uelleview Phosphate Co., I FLA. iftjt.
C. B. Smith President Belleview
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that commenial fertilizers have been us at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft lime soft phosphate stable manure and potash DEAR SIK-Enclosed please find my order for pany:
phosphate had three time*more fruit on it than I will do me to ma e a grove with and I don't two more cars of Soft t'hosphate. I have: used DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
that fertilized with Cot'on seed.: Thinking this thins I will come in behind in the race with the seventy-five tons of this Phosphate and have me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
! estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men: either. noticed with much inter'st its egret on my orange I the Belleview Soft Phosphate! on my grove the
and I have been than satisfiedwith
: above but I am free<< to admit that he is a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubilityof tree The first car load applied to something past year more
the results. The
judge of such matter than I am." sAt .osphate would have these doubts removed over five hundred trees,and the results have been trees are looking as wellas
J. T. Smith writing from Levy county..says: "I by visiting a small grove in Welshton simply man- lous. The adjoining five hundred they have fertilizers.ever looked even when have I used heard' expensive of
I put soft phosphate on sixteen row of corn last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing,and the difference Many persons
I spring in about a four acre field of corn on about an years than phosphate. It has not had any cultivation between the two fields is something wonderful.Ou vanced my experiment their estimation.Very, and you. phosphate has ad-
average quality of the land. I broadcasted the thisse sun.and yet it is holding its own one side every tree has started with a vigorous iti
" soft phosphate over the land after breaking it up with well-worked and fertilized: grove If nut growth. The finest foliage that I have ever step: truly REV.yours.P. R. HOLMAIT.
: well at about two tons per acre. Then:: I har- soluble what makes these trees grow; what in a grove. The trees which received no appli-
We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener Prices F. u. B. cars at BeUeview, Florida :

Per tone Ux:*<3r lecl, lot* B-u.lll: i46.00 .
nei' tong: Dried. in B-u.J.Jc_ 6.00
Per tore: 13urnty Gro1..12:1d t arzct Sa.ol ec1, 8 .OO
Put up 200-pound! sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 30 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars. ,
testimonials, freights, etc., to <
C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.: : ,; '..



.- .
,. ;'i'.v"i' p ,... .. eve. "
..: '



VoL V1.. "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 7.

Dudley W. Adams, the Practical No, Brother Adams, you.will never, completing your courses of study and of market reports of agricultural prod-who
ucts in our cities. The man or men
Farmer, Logically Enlightened. can never, substantiate your position had the president thereof been so kindas have the largest credit or the amplest
Bditor Alliance Department: on National banks. Your premise to make an exception of you and bank account purchase every day thou-
In a recent issue of your paper are wrong, your logic is wrong, your because of your devotion to duty, your ands of dollars' worth of. say wheat or
conclusions are wrong. Bold statement determination, your enthusiasm, your corn, and not one bushel changes hands.
Dudley W. Adams, the practical farmer Yet, the fictitious figures of these
eh? Erroneous statement, eh? sacrifices for a beloved brother who upon
replies to H. P. Walker, the doe has the eternal Florida of gambling speculators, their accredited
it to
Then prove so by backing up your just gone agents, acting in direct concert with
trinaire. Mr. Adams would have statements with quotations from the the human soul; yes, had that president them, buy or sell the actual crop throughout -
your readers believe that a collegiatecourse purest statesmen and best writers on; granted you the long coveted the country, raising or depressing
disqualifies a man from passing; the subject. Display some of your diploma and conferred on you the price at pleasure. You will notice that
or expressing judgment on practical ideas of modern political economy. degree of A. M., that hard earned they staples do or not the meddle product to of any manufacture.extent with

questions. If this be true, then I beseech Use argument, not burlesque. (The degree which you so unfeelingly ridi They confine themselves to grain,cereals,
you, oh, Tom Sawyer, to wasteno latter is not becoming, any way, to< rule: ; had your physical condition; cotton, wool, cattle and hogs, or their
more of your valuable time writing; you, a practical farmer.) Until you compelled you, penniless, to emigrate product. They fleece the farmer easily
for the press that you may be the better shall have done this it will be the con- to the almost unbroken forest of this thus, first, last and all the time. .

able to keep your sons in college. I viction of H. P. Walker, the doctrinaire country, live in a house 10x12 feet, One would think that the best wayto

implore you, oh, Yale, Harvard and< that the reading, thinking people and see your wife, unaccustomed to correct these "fictitious figures"
Princeton, to surrender your charters: will consider your position an labor, cook in the hot sand for want would be the free circulation and ear-
and no longer engage in pernicious untenable one. of money to build a room and buy ;a liest possible publication of trustworthy
work of poisoning the minds of Amer- H. P. Walker, the doctrinaire, does stove; had you made rails, carried market reports by agricultural-papers
ican youths and disqualifying them not mean to offend. He detests newspaper them on your shoulder and placed< in. the interest of the farmers. But
from engaging in such practical mattersas controversies; but so long as his them around your house; had you Mr. Alexander has introduced a bill
God has intended. I beseech you, right arm knows its cunning so long worked for wages, cleared lands, made to prevent this species of gambling,
oh, Americans abolish your college: will he push his pen in defence of every groves, planted with your own hands, and the interview continues:
and return to first principles, the prin principle embodied in the Ocala platform trained and grown thousands of nursery "Does it absolutely prohibit newspaper
ctples: of the aborigines of this country. but more especially when those trees and sent them to every quotations of market values It does,
That would be proper because DudleyV. principles are attacked by an officialof orange growing county in Florida and and makes it impossible for the mails to

Adams, the practical farmer, virtually the State Alliance of Florida. to the golden gates of California-ii transmit hundred such dollars matter fine under,or imprisonment penalty offi"e
says so, and he knows what is But Mr. Adams, the practical farmer short, had you traveled the rough and of not less than two years."
best, because he has never been mys condemns Togic. He says: '"Theyuse ) rugged path over which H. Walker, 'And the telephone and telegraph.
tified by logic and the sophistry of a I logic to prove things to be differ the doctrinaire, has come, you could What of them?" hIt does not forget
collegiate course. ent Irom what they seem." Perhaps; then, and not till then, appreciate the< them word either.collectable It provides by commissioner a tax of $2 of per in-
This reminds H. P. Walker, the< I so sometimes. But Mr. Adams, the degree of A. M., that goal for which ternal revenue. For failure to file a copyof
doctrinaire, of a story. It occurredin practical farmer, uses logic to prove every other pleasure of his childhoodand such message the punishment is assessed -
Pennsylvania, too. There was an things to be different from what they boyhood was sacrificed.More at a fine of one hundred dollars or
old Quaker and I suppose a brother ; really are. Reasoning in accordance: than that; when one who had six months."
or cousin to the one Mr. Adams, the with that figure of logic known as traveled a less! rugged path would an. On this same subject Ignatius Don-
practical farmer, told you of. This : deduction, he concludes that as all the nounce to the world that you had not nelly writes in the Chicago Inter-
Quaker had two sons, one exceedingly' A. M.'s he has ever seen were professional seen the practical side of life and were Ocean: N
bright, the other correspondingly dull. : men, that therefore H. P. not competent to pass judgment on Prohibit and punish it, then as you do
One day the bright son said: "Fa her, Walker, the doctrinaire, is also a pro practical questions, your manhood larceny, or arson, or highway robbery.
Confine dealings in wheat to those who
when are going to send me to fessional man, "who sees this questionfrom
you would rise as never before and assert buy it to grind into flour, or to ship to
college?" The father replied: "Mj the professional side-the stand itself with all its might. You would foreign countries. If any man desiresto
son, you are very bright; nature has point of an A. M." then feel, as never before, a sense of buy wheat to hold for a rise in prico
done a great deal for you; there is no No, Mr. Adams, your logic provestoo pleasure in being able to write against require actual delivery of the wheat or
necessity for your going to college.But much. Had you been reared instead of for, National evils which transaction.elevator wheat If tickets to accompany offers to sell the
nature has not done much for "from post to pillar;" had your father annually render it more and more dif wheat for future any delivery man at a less price
your brother; I guess I'll send him to been a poor worthy minister of the Gospel ficult for a boy born in poverty to riseto than the then market price such" offer
college. most of the time away from home in respecUbility; which are closing the in itself constitutes violation of law and
A lew mornings afterwards the old the service of the Lord; had that father colleges against as brilliant youths as sends the guilty party to prison.
gentleman was out at the barn and never given you but one suit of readymade ever "waked to ecsiacy the living. > 4 <
discovered a calf wofully mis c'othes had the of The Founder of the Alliance.
young ; support your lyre; which levy tribute on all pro-
shaped and homely. Not knowingwhat mother, brothers and sisters devolved ductive industry; which have given I The Southern Mercury, of Dallas,
disposition to make of the call mostly on you in your tender years, us 31,000 millionaires and 4,000,000 I Texas, publishes the following concerning -
he called his bright son to the scene. and had you been compelled to work tramps; which have concentrated the founder of the Farmers'
(Well he did not call an A. M., is it for wages to clothe yourself and to hree-fifths of all the wealth of the Alliance :
not?) After scrutinizing closely the i purchase books to study while others country: in the hands of one twentiethof 'J. R. Allen, the originator and
young bovine the bright boy said: slept! ; had you worked your ''way one per cent. of the people; which founder of the Farmers' Alliance, was
"Well, father, it seems nature has not through two reputable colleges and ; cause i o,ooo childrenf o die annually of( born in Hardiman county, Tennessee,
done much for him. Guess you would received the highest honors (please hunger; which cause six million people in 1832. In 1834 his parents movedto
better send him to college. excuse me, dear reader, for I am writing to go from January to January without I Missouri, where: they lived until
It seems nature has not done much in behalf of the poor, made: so by having the pangs of hunger fatij-fied.I 1841, coming to Texas, and settling
for Mr. Adams. Guess the Alliance National banks and unjust legislation); H. P. W. 10 what has since become Fannin
had better send him to college, where had you worked your way through a county. Two years later his mother
they teach logic, modern political university of national reputation, carrying Dealing In "Futures." died, leaving little J. R. an orphan tobe
economy and the evils of National with you and supporting with raised by his relatives. 1\lanyare
In its series of interviews with Alii
banks. When he will have there received the hard earnings of the sweat of your .the hardships he has gone through on
the National Economist
a thorough course and becomean brow> a younger brother; had you in ante Congressmen the thinly settled frontier of Texas.
Hon. S. B. Alexander
A. M. he will comprehend the fact this university received the highest of North came Carolina to who of this, Settling in Lampasas: county in 1847,
that it is easier .to burlesque than to honors of the three thousand students: spoke near the place where he now lives, he
refute with argument, and that whena assembled there from every State in species of gambling as follows: commenced farming for'a livelihood.

writer indulges in the one instead of the Union; had you, from failing It has grown into a. national commercial "Being a man of broad views, and "
the other, it is usually because the one health, the result of over-work, over. crime. It has honeycombed business wide awake, and seeing the condition
and is the
absolutely ruining man
is at his command while the other is study, been compelled to leave that I who stands at the basis of all industry.I t the i laboring class were in by the oppression -
not. institution just a few months before refer tothe dealings and manipulations of monopoly, and how theyW



were being preyed upon by a hordeof turn up to their advantage, but nothing FOR SALE RICH FLORIDA LANDS

thieves, he conceived the idea of ever turns up until they do them or would exchange' for b3ring"e, and pay
forming the citizens of his county intoan selves. This roving, gypsy disposi cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock -

alliance for mutual protection. tion is wide spread among our people. plank land.causeway Thirty, *acre mile*" cleared Ion ,with together dock with and

"So about September, 1877, he The country is full of tramps, living ferry i lUBe' frum Grahamville, on Ocklawaha /
River;4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA.
called the citizens together and organized from hand to mouth, sleeping in barns, TREADWEL.L, \ ..

the first Al'iance. naming it the ten cent lodging houses or what is lit Reddfnsr.' Conn. t .

Pleasint Valley Alliance No. i, the tie better,. cheap boarding houses. FAVORITE SINGER." '
declaration of principles and the constitution They are unanchured either to placeor .. .itJ NEW HIGH ARM.
Style as shown In cut, with full
being materially the same as business or any interest which is of .... attachments,pelf-setting .. 1.
that of the order to day. This Alii vital importance to the community. lie You and can self-threading pet rrz'wu.achlnesoNLT shuttle. F* .j

ance was situated about eight miles They sometimes wear ragged garments of mannfacturers. Save Canvas-

northwest of the city of Limpasas. J. sometimes seedy garments and Commissions trial. Warranted 5 of years.$25. Sent on

R. Allen now owns and Jives on the sometimes good clothes. But, how- Cfl-OPEUHYE SEWING IACHIIE CO., IIy nq ew

place where the first Alliance was organized ever dressed, they are essentially one .... Freight. Philadelphia b -_' '- -

an old man bent with age, class, of no use to themselves or to

his few locks as white as cotton, anda anybody else, and are all practicallythe -:. ;,c'". -
sufferer with spinal affection and enemies of society, governmentand You Will Findamong Farmers !
rheumatism. May he live to see the individual or public prosperity.Too Stop and Think.

order which he was instrumental in lazy to work they are mad with WHY Spend the best years of your

putting on foot to gain the victoryover those who .do and who enjoy the fruitsof (free to the all immense)-some varieties collection of in reliable my seed vegetablesnot catalogue life cultivating the soils of the frozen

monopoly and oppressions, and labor.-Western Rural. to be foreign.found in Among any other others, native: or North and West raising crops on which

when he is called from this earth may THE NEW ONION.-AUwhoraisercdonums; the freight is often not realized, when

he hear that happy plaudit, 'Well If you feel weak Globe should;plant early a the*Dan new vers one,round, Southport as a oa 11; Early a Frjiendid Ked you can buy land from the undersigned,
done thou good and faithful servant, cropper. My catalogue(Tree)tells all about it. rich and fertile as any known lands,

enter into the happy climes above.1"What and all worn out take place THE of the NEW American pEA-Which Wonder-as is early soon a to dwarf take with the and where you can raise a crop that the

--. .-.-- BROWN'S IRON BITTERS larger: peas,larger pals and a better cropper. See en- United States Government will pay a
Are You Amounting To? graving in my catalogue. BOUNTY 'of$100 on each acre.
VALUABLE BOO K S.-"Cabbages and Cauliflower
The world is full of nonentitiesliving, Those who take pessimistic views of .*Carrotand;" .Squash Marigold Kaisiiig Raisin:;"." "Onion Nootherbookswtlt laism;," HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

walking, talking, laughing, pretending the orange industry are directed to compare with these for minute instruction." to cts. the said crop right there in your home
each; the four forr.oo. Also Fertilizers. how to
nobodies. There are but compara. the condition, the growth, the crops make and how to use, 40 cts., or all five for $1.25. market for $250 per acre. You ask for
tively few men who would- not like to obtained and the profits therefrom of Seed Catalogue free. the "How" and the "Wherefore."

have the world believe that they are I the J. A. Hudson ten acre grove, J. J. II. GREGORY & SON.lU&RULEDEAD' Quite right-facts and figures count l best.

somebody. But the world pretty ac formerly a part of the fifty-acre Hull MASS. Plant the Lana with Sugar Cane.
curately estimates a man's worth. It grove west of the ice factory. Five
judges him, as it judges the tree, by years past Mr. Hudson bought this A WI AfiS\ Piano:ioughta for t.450:!' TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers -
his fruits. In his estimation he of papers, the fact that there is now
own ten acres, when the grove was sub HIS NEICHBOR
may be a pretty keen, plausible hypo. divided, paying $10,000 for .same. paid only established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
crite but he does not succeed in With St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
covering the exception of the first year ,.
up his real character. The after he purchased it he has received m fi1 S375.Fortheverysame. news.Ve are talking to all our

drunken man often attempts to walk each year from 15 to 20 per cent. on -- -- 1'iano. 'riends. Sugar cane can be raised as

straight, but he cannot do it; he some- the investment, and the gross receiptsfor J Neither a nickel rne over'was$r-orth COO. cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will

times attempts to cover the smell of the four years aggregate an amountas or. Insure Yourself pay you a bounty of two cents per poundon
liquor his breath but the who against paying nlnrciat the manufactured sugar. The St.
on man large as the total of the purchase
i j takes a glass, just one glass, is simplya money. There is no exception to the Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,

fool if he thinks the world does not location of the grove or the soil in IJUDDEHft BATES, SmtTitTGa. averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
Who have but Ge pand that the&>,mt'levnm.rYoa acre last and it will go 5,000
know it. church year
Going to with a hollow which it lives. It is on ordinary pine cin't. PIT them more thin' Instruments
heart deceives *j tro actuslly. worth. ITiey ere not built that way. pounds this year.METHODS .
nobody. no more productive than'the HI Writo for Latent SPECIATj OFFEIIS.
In a word, it is only occasionally thata thousands of acres surrounding.DeLand ? This isn't the only big

man can appear other thai) he is. Record. ? -" LAST it BEAR like WHOLEROOT chance of your life, however. The

Any man who wishes to be thoughtwell ,, Fruit 1'rees"-Free.frees' ; sea"Fruits Amtr.and cultivation ot rice lands about Kissim-

of, even by himself, must aim to Beware of Ointments for Catarrh Garden tars AblTwritten.givestrnityINFORMATIOH.eeFruit :Morel.USEFUL to the point. Ora rigeluddFarin.'r /. mee is to become an assured, profitable

make a success of lite, aim to be useful that Contain Mercury, Grotrrr.: .Surprising LOW pncesi Apple.Peir.CherrTPlumPRtJNE.Pe fact. There is no richer or better

and aim to be really respectable; will ROSES-fveri/thma.' ch.Ap'tQnlnce.Nut.Or.Tre NnUrrrrstockinTT B. NoBETTIR.No s.Grafts.. truck and market-garden lands in the
as mercury surely destroy the .STA It KIIKOS., 71tt 6t.. Loiliftinn \,
and unless he succeeds fn doing this '. world than the land on the rich overflow
sense of smell and completely derangethe Mo.-Founded 1825:OLDEST IMOAcres.LARGE1!
by the time he is forty years old, it isnot or bottom lands about Kissim
whole system when it __ .
very likely_he ever will do_it. As through the mucous surface.entering Such mee. Write, lor continuation, to L'oJ.'

forty years finds a man, he will prob- articles should never be used A. K. McClure, editor I'hlhulrlphia

ably be to his day of d,) ing. If he is prescriptions from reputable excepton physicians limes, who has personal knowledge.Then .

shiftless, homeless, practically aimless, in lands for orange groves, or
as the damage they will do is
drifting like a chip upon the sea, on ten fold to the good can possibly proves already cultivated or bearing,
his fortieth birthday his whole life will derive from them. you Hall's Catarrh I can satisfy you that your best interestslie

probably be an almost indistinguishable in seeing me before any one else.
Cure, maunfactured by F. J. Cheney
, shadow, a mere nothingness, and BEAUTIFUL I HOMES. The health
I & Co., Toledo, 0., contains no mfr
the greatest impression that such a cury, and is taken internally, and acts ulness and beauty of Kissimmeehave
will make will be in his
; man ever
directly upon the blood and mucous never been questioned. No
dving, for the community will then be .
surface of the system. In buying diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia
face with the
face to fact thatit
brought Hall's Catarrh Cure be sure you get -in fact, read our medical

must give him sufficient attention to the genuine. It is taken internally, report. Beautiful cottages, villas or
him. Horace said that
bury Greeley and made in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. : lots suitable tor residences. Write
. a man ought not to change his busi =-
Cheney & Co. for terms and particulars.
; ness after he was thirty-five years old, '"-d-. --.;;: -=::::
t JKSTSold by Druggists, price 75c. ;: COME SOUTH And gU mitold
unless he thief. A1l.t.a ,
was a That bottle. %t..1:. (;IJ LTI V A'rOn.
per of the grandest climate in
. meant that a man ought to be settled For field, garden and grove. "The best cultivator quantities
. I ever saw" i is the verdict of all who use it. the world free with each acre of ground
at that age, and be making his impression US 10 CENTS, to pay Works! either level or on a bed; perKtlyadjust- where till
. in whatever business he was ONE postage and the names and ad- able;cleanest cutting: lightest draught. purchased. Come you can
dre sesof fire lady friends that you Every cultivator fully warranted. Price Jio. the soil twelve months in the year
t engaged in.Alnerican. think, would like sample copies of GODBEY &. HARRIS.
people have the name of The Household Pilot," and we Waldo. Fla. At least write to me for full oarticula
will mail it to you one year FllKE CANNON
S being an enterprising, energetic people of cost. A large 8 pare, 40 column, PERSIMMONS Plums, Mammoth
Klttlmmtc, Fla.
Illustrated Household and Farm JAPANESE, Walnuts hardy orange I'<..-
and the of them Japan
most But
are. YEAR Journal one of the best in existence. .hill Alo ornamental stock. rare bulb we have a very large class that are NXv in its, 13th %ear D.voted to etc. Olive fig trees! and grapevines.' Goods sent for the A"soolHted Hallways lands, and tee
shortand interesting:Stories FancyWork safely bv Freight. Ext>re."or mail. land of KU imme Lar d Cf
Micawbers in the strictest sense of the Fashions, Hort cultural Agricultural it i-. Semi for our new, finely illustrated catalogue Phosphate. sugar cane, rice, trucking
term. They are cormorants, here t and everything of interest to Address fruit, timber general farmingand
the whole family. Large CASH H. H. BERGER & CO., grazing
awhile, there awhile and somewhere PRIZES: given away. Address, home lands. Send for map showing
FREE! Pilot Publishing Co., San Francisco, Cat. ..1ands.FEBRUARY .
else'awhile, awaiting for something tot New Haven, Ct. Established 1878. ,





Definite exchange offers inserted free. State 'rG"ROWEflRMER"tf

what you have and what you want. OI We have some of the finest Frost Proof lake
Open to subscribers only.WANTEDTo J URMERSAUTANCIARRMERSAUTANCI I IJ front properties the wh le State.
\ COIQOUDATtUA.\lARr.uaa Pho-phate lands garden and truck lands, nur-
sery stock and general supplies for the plantationor
choice stock
exchange nursery --
grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.
pure blood White Leghorn Pul CHAS. W. DACOSTA Publisher.
lets. O. C. KNOX, Highland Nurseries, High WHITNER'SGARDENING I PAGE & IIAMMONI,
land, Fla. I-7-tf Auburndale, Fla.

TO EXCHANGE-Quarter section of excellent Terms of Subscription:
land III Elk County, Kansas for a good
orange grove. Address, R. M. CLESE, Wild' IN FLORIDA For one year._....,,....,".... "..... .._...$2 00

wood. Fla. 2-i8-it For six months ... . .... ._.... 100

"CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To Subscriptions In all cases cash In ad-

insure insertion in this column, advertise- FREE TO ALL. vance. N2 O a

ments must be accompanied by the money. Kates of Advertising on application. ? 6
Advertisements not exceed words. 9ti i2n
must fifty
REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
Postage Stamps received in payment. c az
Count every word,including name and address Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Let-

ter, to order of
FOR SALE Forty strawberry: refrigerators
G. II. ANDERSON Il1b rnIa, Fla. Until April 1st, 1892, 1 will mall to FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER
ali subscribers remitting $2.00 for AND FRUIT GROWER
GROWN PLANTS a specialty; Surinam
rriC'l'; Australian Silk Oaks, Cattley renewal or new subscription,a copy JarkRonvllle. Fla.DEAFNESS r A3

Guavas,etc., also fine lot BudJed Lemons GEO.T. of "Whitner's Gardening In FlorIda p.7 m W C p
KINO, Villa City, FU. 2-18-41
I ." z roo
SALE Japan Plums. Sitsuraa Blood Bur-
FOR True Swret Bat an Hattonkin, etc.also To all who remit $4.00 I will send -1 >e

Japan Persimmons, $10 per coo; 50 at 100 rates. this paper and the "World's Columbian -
CUAS. KERR. Archer Fla. 2-18-31 ITS CAUSES AND CURE, 6 tp to
I Exposition Illustrated," for
FOR[ SALE-Marianna Cuttings, 84 per 1000. Scientifically treated by an aurUt of worldwide -
KERR, Archer Fla. 2-18-31 one year, the subscription price of reputation Deafness eradicated and
which Is $3.00 per annum.C. entirely cured, of fir m .0 t03 J ye rs'Rtand rig, WEG1VE/ :ARDEN SEEDS AWAYTfjr'j2iL
FOR SALE-Cassaxa feed ,stalks 81.50 per after 'dl! other t'eatmt-nts have failed. How
f. o. b. GRIFFIN & BRADLEY, Maclcn- the difficulty I 111I reached and th cause removed -
ny, Fla. 2-18-51 W. DACOSTA, fully explained In circulars, with affidavits .. (I
. ---- and ifstltnonlaisof cures from prominent ,
1 Olt SALE-Fresh eggs folr hatching from the PU LISUETI. people, mailed free

A following noted sUrinnof Pit Games: Grit l r. ..\. yn NT 11F.,r t IP, EflPt 141 b Pt N. V
Champions Irish Dandies, Belfast Reds. Jim -- -- --- ---
BusbY'1i ana Shawl Necks. Price, $2.50 per 13. To the World's Fair Free.
R B. BULl., Bradfordville. Fla. 2-16-31
We have received the last issue of
Vllil'JJ --Ai itvuna KM sale cheap. Various A" '
I W sizes and perfectly healthy. R. H. the u* World's Columbian
PORTER, Sunny Side nurseries,Leesburg, Fla.21V31 ExpositionIllustrated" ,,

the official organ of the young men for the active duties of life.
Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and
15000 NURSERY. TRIM STAKES Great Fair. The object of this publi endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce Council,
Fo Ir feet long and good: as and prominent citizens of the city where located.
new. R II. PORTEK, Suuny Side nurseries cation is authentic
to give complete For catalogue.circulars andtestlmonials,address
Leesburg, Fla J-18-31 J. G. DUNSMOKU, President,Staunton, Va. .
historical record of the Columbian Ex.
FOR SAL or exchange for city property to

Bradford County choice, wI1hagoodi-roombouse.dry hammock land in Lawley partly, position. It contains 32 pages of official STATE BANK OF FLORIDA .

frescoed; a large piazza and a >jroud barn Three proceedings, and will give photographic -
acres under cultivation, the'balance about ready
to. There ate about 50 bearing trees. Price illustrations printed on enameled rni
$I.soo. Address C. OLSON, 20 East Bay street, .XOT I.XCORPORA TEI"

Jacksonville, Fla. a-n-8t paper, of all the exhibits, buildings, -wrmPOWELL'S -_ -_---

FORTYACRE 4 miles fiom Tampa; 10cleared: and attractions of the Great Fair. Asa JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
135 ; chicken yards, etc.; good house SOLUBLE PHOSPHATESFOR
and buildings: price, $750, or will sell part. work of art, containing the most interesting GARDENS.Perfect .
JAMES LONG Tampa. z-ii-jt
Vegetables are delicaciVs. A rood Heine Garden -
information it is invaluableto Capital $30,000.00
NORTH CAROLINA strawberry crates with is a,comfort and pleasure. This yon can bare u you
and bottom tin Alreadyput use "oV'II'1tonilible: l'hosphatesfortardens,
top corners.
up for shipping by express. Tl e best in all \\ho wish to keep up with the which are clean and inodorous 5J..j I a box; price
sufficient fertilizer for K of an acre
market. For price, address II. FRIEDLANDER, times and learn of the great Interna Horseford's Acid Phosphate I Garden for a whole reason In each box packed a fall
luterlachen, Fla. 2-tt-2t_ set of the celebrated LUnjrolJen Garden Seedsnearlyall
Fur Impaired Vitality I tried varieties Write for the pamphlet \ II C
Price new
WANTED By a man of experience, a position Ii'onaElttrpr t. $3 a year post oflgrirnlture'lr.eL It not only tells yon how to
in an orange grove. Address and weakened energy, is wonderfully get a good Garden.with f:mien Peels free,bat alllO
Box 40 San Mateo. Fla. 2-11-31 paid, or 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions how to raise eo+nomicaily and profitably staple trope of
successful. Gram Ootton.Tobacoo Fruits and Berries,boW to IPrQ'trees.
FOR SALE-Whi porwill pees, per bushel t.O. taken at this office, where a sam ,and the best Spraying Machines.
$2.00; Concb peas (hmited quantity), per W.SPOWELL&CO.BaltimoreMdlUSA4
pound, post paid, 2OC; Chufa seed, per pound, pIe copy may be seen. Any person
post paid. 35c; per peck, f. o b., 51.50; pearl Chemical Fertilizer Manufacturer
millet, per pound, post paid. 350; four pounds, wishing a free trip to the World's Fair
$1.25; ten pounds f.o. b.. f 2.00. Send cash with THE SOWER r HAS
order EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. should address J. B. Campbell, Editor No SECOND CHANCE.
2.4-tf Ooo4 ieniy Drs make the mon of 15a ant
and Publisher, 218 La Salle Street,
5000 fine orange and lemon bud*. Price 3oc.
f. o.o. Also very desirable real estateat Chicago, Ills. FERRY'SSEEKS
a great bargain. J. L. DERIEUX, Lakeland,
Fla.: 1'24t: "7Yfe World's Columbian Exposition

FOR SALE-A limited quantity of verv fine Lo- Illustrated" and the FLORIDA DISPATCH,
Also bearing/ orange, lemon and
peach grove Address E. D. COATES, Stanton, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER for one have made and kept Ferry's Seed Business
the Lrjest in the world-Merit Tells.
la. i-23-4t
! .., ..
FOR LECONTE, Jand4-YEAR.0I.D,KKI P- year, mailed to any address, for $4 Ferry's Seed Annual for 1892

R AND GARBER'S HYBRID PEAR C.V. DACOSTA tells the whole Seed story-Sent free for the
PARTRIDGE, MON- asking. Don't sow Seeds till you get It.D.M.FERRY& .
TICELLO, FLA. ll-26-tf Clark's Cutaway
Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER CO..Petroit.Mich,

F OR SALE-One second hand WashingtonHand AND FRUIT-GROWER. P.O.Box 1071Tilghman'g HAIHIOWS AND CULTIVATORS.
Press for sale cheap at this office -

tit rite for narticular ........ I keep in stock seven styles, cutting in width
WEED SEED-Pertectly clean and from two((2)) to six ((6) feet, at prices from '10.00
BEGGAR free from chaff; sow 6 to 8 poundsper to )31.00. bend for rata ogue-
acre,broadcast and harrow in; supply limited; Did yon ever receive a letter! You can E. S HUBBARD, Gen. State Agent.
receive oar Roses the same way-by mall, Federal Point, Fla.
price per pound, any quantity, 25C., or by mail
35C. Send cash! with order to EXCELSIOR SEED 11 postpaid. The Californian or the Pennsylvanian -
FARM, Kenka, Putnam Co., Fla I- -tfEOREIGNGRAPEVINESOfbest can alike enjoy the advantage of '
7 i' dealing direct at the Rose headquarters of GRUB AND STUMP PULLER.
tt earliest and the world. Success Is universal with our

experience in Florida. Chasselas Luttichau: by 10 years Madeleine -' '[, ON THEIR \\\JH, have the most practical and powerful GrubW .
Blue and others. Send for circular. H. : ROSES bing Machine on earth. Simple in construction -
VON LumcHAr. Harl ton. Fla. u-i2-3m OWN ROOTS! and operation. Will pull a lo-iuch tree of
stump with one horse in 2 to 4 minutes' tim .
FOR SALE CHEAP-A carload of first-class We desire the acquaintance of every Will do the work of 10 men. With proper care it
orange trees,diffcrentarieties will last life time. We have lock
never a a safety a
flower lover In Americaand offer our Rote
injured by frost. H. P. WALKER, Aut>erndale, Guide and Catalogue free by way of in* I I Condition I'ow Polk Co., Fla. i-a8-4t j troduction. It mirrors our Immense stock :out in a short time-one of the principal objections -
guaranteed to cure the disease! known in
j are
to all other machines of this class.
to W. G.Tilghman, Patatka, Fla., for and gives a quarter of a century's special Florida as Salt-sick. They will make any animal We
WRITE satisfaction to Price
regarding his book on nature's flower experience for the asking only. cat; put on flesh, awl have a glossy 1 !, coat I It will machine guarantee F. O. B.our patroDs- of
law that controls the It is of Other flowers also. No fancy prices. complete cars Sigourney, Iowa,
sex. great value to 1 take but one package to convince you. Ask }Ojr and wanted. for
J75 $85. Agents Territory sale.
stock breeders for with it you can have either 'The Gufdewtthoutprlce. Bendyouraddress. 1 merchant for them. A sample package will be Write for
male or female at will. No humbug,because: it THE DINGEE 4 CONARD CO.< !sent you by mail for 35 cts. Write to catalogue.
can be had to be paid for when you are satisfied i EIISI Gro uerr&&edrmrWEST GROVE.PA.( t W. G. TILGHMAN: IOWA GRUBBER CO.,
as to its merits. n-io-iot I I Palat Fla. ie.22-i7t Sigourney, Iowa. .






) THEJacksonville Tampa Tardiff Orange and Leonardy Grape Fruit. FLORIDA I Io

LAST spring buds on stocks from % to 2 inches in diameter. As thrifty, healthy
well-rooted trees as can probably be found in the State. The Leonardy

Grape Fruit, though a hybrid grape fruit and sweet orange, is practically a tYpIcal -

& Key West SystemAND grape fruit of superior quality. Also Mango and Avacado pear trees.

u-i2.3m CYRUS W. BUTLER, St. Petersburg, Fla.



j ----- Organs, '

Extending Southeast, South and I $35 i Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
t OntriAlta Pianos and Organs Direct: to Your Homes.
Southwest from Jacksonville cover your horn* -
" 'II before I From REV.JAS M. POTTS,D. D.,editor of Michigan -
paying for Christian Advocate.D troitl\Iich.: "To say that
thousand miles of them
over one tropical we are delightedwith the Piano does not expressthe
1 fact. We are:jubilant. If all your instruments
1F country, and reach all prominent The T.Bvroger & Son Pianos & Organs I are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as -THE-
F BEAVER:: FALLS. PA this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred."
winter and, summer pleasure resorts From PROF. E. H. PECK, Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with Florida Central & feqinsular
the'casing: or tone:quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ."
, of Florida : From B. D. GRIGGS,Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is RAILROAD I CO.
all you claim it to be."
"From Y. M. C. A per J. G. COOLEY, Hillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. The Florida Trunk hive
THE EAST COAST, Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same."
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot, Ark.: "My family is well pleased in every respect with the
, THE GREAT LAKE REGION, rgan. How you sell them so cheap i is a wonder. -AND-

.T In addition to Its long-established connec-
. ,, River Junction, Live and Oak l Fernandina,Callahan,Jacksonville -

THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE -DEALERS IN- Has this season re-opened

.. SECTIONS. t fie pomasville and Monticello Route.
Coal Hay Grain Win's s. Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc
In connection with the S., F.&W.R. IL;the
Alabama Midland and theL.& N.and the lines
I leading from Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City
and the North and west.
Through Cars from Cincinnati to

Parker.... ..........._....... _...............1 1.5 J II..rtlit H ve...._...N.N..NN..NN.S31Ut Jacksonville and Tampa.
Orniige Valley............................. 2.OO Virginia C iIude... ............._..._ 4.04 1'ulltnan
I "prl..J:' Va'ley................._............. 2.5O Old ICOII rbo 1'...._......_.........._ 5.04 fast Schedule Hall, Sleepers all. Modern -
t \orlh Cum Ina Corn.............. 2 5O Kentucky Sour ....1.1.11........._.. fi.CH tea y Iniproetmeuts.The
The Tropical Trnnk LinD. Clifton Club ........................................... Old linker........_......_..._.__.._ 5.04
Mon troNC Velvet........;._..............._.SG.O0 Florida Central # Peninsular R.R.

, Jigs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post offiononey is the greatest artery of travel through the
; These lines with the order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. to dry towns.A finest parts of Florida,traversing twenty-four
are equipped counties-GadsdenJefferson) ,Duval,Alachua,
t complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.VAUGHAN'S Lake Leon, Suwannee, Nassau Levy,Orange,

latest improved modern appliances for .T n n" (11 Q. ffon Ar.WAttAri n" H illsbo rough, Wakulla, Co umbia. Clay,
Marion, Polk, Manatee.Madison.Baker,Bradford -
the safety and comfort of Sumter Hernando and DeSoto-in their
passengers.Our "GARDENING ILLUSTRATED"For richest portion. It runs through the Middle -
is beautiful book oi hundred printed. Florida Region of Hill Country where are
patrons call them the : 1892 a one pages elegantly
with true Photohngravings: Colored Plates and plain, reasonable the tine old
descriptions: of all subjects indicated by its name. It is a Mirror of Pursuing' Lands and the Xete Tobacco
FINEST IN FLORIDA. American Horticulture to date re&ctmx the very complete supply farms
of Seeds, Plants ana Flowers of our Stores and Greenhouses.: (reached by no other line), some of them con-

Trains leave Jacksonville, via J., T. 45- IT TELLS THIS WHOLE STORY -vo.: ducted on a largo scale. Here are Quincy,
} Tallahassee (the capital!),Montlcello. Madisonand
tor the Garden Lawn and Farm with additions' to date. other towns, from whose comfortable,
; & K. W., 8.50 a. m., daily except For 24C. ((12 2-cent stamps) we mail one bulb each Jacobian Scarlet ample dwellings reposing in a fertile coun-
i Lily and new Tuberous B*?onia. Our BOOK with each of these offers. try, is coming a renewed energy to employ
Sunday ; 12.15 p. m., daily ; 4.00 p. ti For 40C.we mail one plant Grand Chrysanthemum Waban.(see cut) the resources lavished about them. Stretching -
, the sensation of this season's flower shows,mammoth rink flowers ten down through
m., daily except Sunday. Arrive 6.30a. CHKYSANTribMUM. inches in diameter. MENTION' THIS PAPER WRITE NOWVAUGHAN'S The Peach Countryof

SEED STORE ::hlD eonstt. CHICAGO. Baker, Bradford,Alachua and Levy coun-
m., 12 55 p.m., 6.10 p. m. ties, through the prosperous

Trains leave Jacksonville via East THEMilwaukeeFlorida Stratcberry farms
of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior -
in profit to the orange grove-It goes
Coast Lines, 8.00 a. m., daily; 4.00p. Co. through the heart of tho State, penetratingsome
Orange of the finest groves,one having
m., Sunday only; i.oo p. m., daily Trees
7OOOO full-bearing Orange ,
Selected strains of Choicest Varieties: of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Arrive sale all times. passing for nearly a mile between them-
except Sunday. 11.50 a. m. Budding-Wood for at
, making its way southward to the Gulf and to
, Our stock Is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. For the more tropical portions of tho State. In
5.40 p. m.INDIAN. Catalogue: and Price-List, address, all portions of the State it reaches points of

I A. L. DUNCAN Manager Dunedin Fla. Scenic Interest.
, Wakulla Springs In the West, tho Suwannee -
River, as beautiful and romantic as It is
Titusville 6.00 a m. daily E.T. PAINE. J. OVCRTOX PAINE famous Silver Hprings, In the lake region
and the lakes themselves, with their sur-
'; roundings of rolling land interspersed with
except Sunday for Rockledge, Eau pleasant homes in green groves, sloping downto
JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA. the clear lake fronts. By means of this
\ Gallie, Melbourne, and way landings. Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses ani Wharves at the terminus of the F. C. &:P. R. R., road you can most readily reach the
St.Johns River, East Jacksonville. hunting and fishing Grounds.
\ Leave Titusville 7.00 p. m. Mon. The settler will find on the line of this roada
Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. greater opportunity for a varied selectionof
I days, Wednesdays and Fridays, for land than on any other road in the State-
Who.esale dealers in and importers of all kinds of Agricultural Cnemlcal from lightest soils to those underlaid with
Jupiter and way landings : Connecting Send us your name and we will mall you from time ti time much general information clay and marl, and of richest hammock-
whether for regular mixed farming, stock or
r* (r r 1rnr| ii v"ps tulor .nirfl and vain:*tahIA culture In Klorlil:
: at Jupiter with trains of J. & L. dairy farming, peach or strawberry culture.
orange groves and vegetable gardens.
The tourist will be gratified with Its
\V. Railway for all points on Lake Tools The health-seeker on Its ample route scenery.can find
New Planet Jr1 some spot adapted to his wants. On the hard
Worth. clay roads of Middle Florida the horsemanwill
ride with speed and satisfaction,and the
Florida Central and Peninsular is the
For schedules etc. call on
maps, ,
Among other things TWO NEW GARDEN DRILLS. One sows either Sl ortaJnan' Jloute.NOTE. .

ocal agents, or address the General IN DRILLS OR HILLS, the other in,addition, SOWS FERTILIZERS EITHER .-Passengers from Northern connec-
tickets the Florida Central
having over
\ and Peninsular to points in South Florida
\' Passenger Agent. Great improvements too in "PLANET _JR."_COMBINED SEED DRILL AND have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville -

R. B. CABLE W. L. CRAWFORD. WHEEL HOE, in the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL HOES and marked over the Company's line and alloweda
stop-over within the going limits of the
j General Manager, Supt. East Coast Lines, changes in HORSE HOES AND CULTIVATORS. ticket, with return to their route for destination -

} J.t T.&K. W.System. St. Augustine,Fla. I The fine NEW TOOLS offered in 1891 are made still more attractive for 1893. Florida free,mailed of extra free.A. charge.. Send for map of

G. D. ACKERLY, SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE and full description of all the 0.3IACDONELL. G. P.A.,
goods as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. Jacksonville,Fla.

.,.--, General Jacksonville Passenger, Pla.Agent. I' S. L. ALLEN & CO., HOT Market St., Philadelphia, Pa. N.S. PENNINGTONV D. E.MAXWELL Traffic,General Manager.Manager.i .





a "
'" "


Corr Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

''' /eree .I:' '7' Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation Hall Stands
OIiClte 1. usO Bed Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattar

Goods, Desks of all Kinds and

WE SELL *' 40 AND IM Styles.
42 W



J L4
Carpctf Mi dings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and

Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.

Hotels. Boardinor Houses Shins Steamers. Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.

When writing,please mention this paper.



DIAMOND "D" HARDWOOD ASHES in themselves are one of the most valuable their continued use a strong productive soil is being made which will require years
: and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric to exhaust.

acid is required, no agent is so valuable for the decomposition of Bone, or Florida This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood Ashes

Phosphates, as these ashes. to be the best in the Florida market. They are now better than ever, and, without
The combination produces a fertilizer rich in all the elements required by light doubt, are the cheapest fertilizer Florida'growers can use. For other particulars
soil, and in a condition that prevents leaching by rains, the result being that in address

n..s.3 O. E. DePUY, Stockbridge, Mich.


B ..
IftWl a.MI 'h1tl'ru"Ut"M&k"O'W THOSE
..mplre 1'a-nJMMir th.iiqai-l au','tteally axray 1OO Tr-tr.lcr Hour.M .1
e make the Little Gem sad I Garfield Knapnack Sprarvr*.lIo1lb Vrrmort-L.Hue
kprarnottle,IIMMI e au*>mical ipra/n.sil.ln the w"rl<..AliaH: ..r.e Power Sprayer..low price.tS'a.rll .
Suphater Copper. Parii lirern aiHl lx>n<1nn.Purr'1''IIle>i,lr"ale pncen.. Caialnene tr""e.Wri'e Growers and GrowersWho
"" "
aJ4re.ptalalytieiut| cousty.FIELU i'oUCI::l'nl l CO.ll6 Ave.LOVK1'ORTN.Y. Orange Vegetable

= NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT wish to obtain the highest market prices on their Oranges and Vegetables to
use the fertilizers manufactured by the
In compounding. a solution a part was accidently spilled on the hand
and on washing! afterward it was discovered that the hair was completely .
removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation. on the OLD ESTABLISHED AND RELIABLE FIRM.:
market and so great has been the demand that we are now introducing
the world under the of Queen's
throughout Anti-Ualriue.


f f'=!: ff:::;:,"" Lay the hair over and apply' the mixture for a few minntrs. and the .
Z', ff,7f..1-1'J' hairdisappearsaslf by magic itLou the slightest pain or Injury w Len of Pawtucket R. I.,
'::: :f'# $, applied or ever afterward. It unlike any other preparation ever used
. "i" "Ififjj } fora like purpose.; Thousands or LA))II'S\\hohave Leen annoyedwith
Who manufacture the grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizersare
",",,:: .=.::;.ff: !#. :( hair on their :PACK;. MZCK: nrcl A TIMS attest Its merits.( only'
-..;.:> "ijfjf".J s I1ENTLir11ENwhodonoterpreclateabeard or hair on their neck, so made that they keep up a Kij/oroiw, Healthy Grotcth, and remain in the
:= ==--=-- find a priceless boon In Quern' Anti-IJRhllle"'blcb does awhjr soil until the Tree or Plant can take it up.
s -=5== with, its futnre an otter Impossibility
vT shaving by rendering growth
Price of Queen's AntI-Ilalrine fl. per bottle i sent in wfety mailing box postage paid by us(securely Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.
scaled from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondence
strictly confidential. This advertisement is honest and straight forward in every word It O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
contains. we Invite yon to deal with n.und yon will find everything as represented Cut this out and
?nd.o-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO.. 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can Jfo. S BoHtu'iclc Block.
register your letter at any Post Office to Insure Its safe delivt rYe \,"c will pay 800 for any case
or failure or slightest injury to any pnrclia er. Every bottle Juarauteed.SPE"lll'l'O ; Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent freeujK
ladles who Introdue*and sell among their friends 25!: Bottles of Queen's Anti-Hairine., >n application.
will best silk Extra Large Bottle and sample
present with BILK DRESS 15 yards
of ilk to select from sent with order. Good Salary or Commission to Agent Our fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever they have been
used. lO-SD-flm


and Loaf Blight of A pplos.Pears ChOTri EXCELSIOR ewn."I Q
QI1SPRA PotAto Kot.Plum Cnrculi prevented by using nUTFIT a OF
insects to Fruits mailed free Large ntock of Fruit Trees, Vinea 2 '
I'lanta'Hollow Trices. Address\VJl.STAN, Quincj,ilia i FANCY POULTRY.


ROOT ROT REMEDY i.1 HEREAFTER all, by fowl express sent,

will go at one-half the former
,, ratesa great saving to my custom -
erv This is by special arrangement
);,. and is! confined to
a .' fowls! from yards.
1 ; We are the largest breeders oft
; =.'- /ht thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
f 't ;1 Come and see our stock or send
,> : E for our illustrated catalogue and
Mil De GOD:1a. '' price list of 14 rail ties
: : : -- I. Poultry supplier of all kinds.
'- : Incubators and Brooders, Shell
and Bone stills Clover Cutters
II.f ;, l' Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish andz
: srM' Boiled Blood and Bone to make




...." :- ,





-- -


. .
-- -- -



, The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both ways : .


From New York. from Jacksonville,
(Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Wednesday Jan. 27that3P.M ....."CHEROKEE,"......Tuesday, Feb. zd at 700A.M:
Friday; Jan. 2gth. at 3 P. at."SEMINOLE. ".......Thursday, Feb. 4th. at 9:00A.M
Monday Feb. 1st at3 P. M........ "IROQUOIS.". .....und:1y.: Feb. 7th. at UOOA.M
Wednesday, Feb. 3d, at3 1'. M...... 'YE1\IASSEK..Tuesday, Feb. 9th. at 1.30 1'. M
Friday, Feb. 5tb. at 3 t'- 1:.... .."ALGOXQUIN."......Thursday. Feb. 11th. at 2:00 P. M110nday
Feb. 8th'at 3 1'. M. "CHEROKEE" .Sunday Feb. 14th, at ,,5:00 A. M
Wednesday, Feb. loth, at 3 p. M.\\.J.'SEMINOLE",5'.Tuesday: Feb. 16th. at 7:30 A. M 1.Steinzer.
Friday Feb. I2th, at 3 r. M........"IROQUOIS,". ......Thursday, Feb. iSth at 8:00A.M
Monday, Feb. 15th, at 3 P. M.... "YKMAS EE." ......Sunday, Feb. 2ist, at Io.oo A. M
Wednesday, Feb. i7that3P.M......ALGONQUIN," ......Tuesday, Feb. 23d at 12:00 m'N
Friday Feb. 19lhat3P.M..CHEROKHE..Thursday. Feb. 25th at 2:00: p. M\
Monday Feb. 22d at31..M..SH1\UNOLE." .......Sunday.o'eb 28th, at 5:00: A. M
Wednesday, Feb. 24th. at 3 P. M... ....."IROQUOIS,".. ....Tuesday, Mar. ist, at 6.00A.M
Friday, Feb. 26th.atJP.M..VE\fASSEH..Thur"'day.: 3d at 8:00A.Monda'y.
Feb. 29th at 3 r. M...... "ALGONQUIN,"......Sun ay. Mar.: 6th, at 1030= A. M

_. -. Jolm G. Cl1ristopl1er

FROM: JAC'KhOXVlLLK.Thursday =. FROM XKAV YO1CK.Thursday .

For Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on February 18, 8 a. m. : February 2T, 3 p. w.
Thursday, March 3, Thursday, March[ 10, 3 p. m.
St. Johns River.
This ntetinhtjt Jnm brett built rttjHvlany r" rr//i'f/ Fruit soul t'tyrtnble, nttit t*
perfectly rentltiitnl. Tiinrbetrrrrn.Iueksoiirillennif Sf" r 1'orA 7"r.....
-- -- -

The Elegant Iron Side-Wbee15teamers W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER
Agent, Jacksonville. Agent, New York. Gen'l :Man'r Jacksonville.
CITY OF r-vILLE -- ----- -- .-
JA.CI SO --- --


1 mD'I: DeBARY
53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

CAPT. T. W. LUND, JR., between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

Are appointed. to sail from Jacksonville daily, except Saturday at 3:30: p. in, and from Sanford
daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m.

Leave 3:30: p. 22, ...... .... ....... ...... ...Jacksonville...... ...... ......... ... ..... .Arrive 11:45 p. MPa
.. 8.-OOP.: M.... ............... .... .... la t tea.................. ...... .... ...Leave 7:00 p. M
1.30 A. M.....:: ................ .... ...Astor ......... ................ ..... 200 r. a[ PC't.ssC.t.O I2sitey z
2:45 A. 101. .. .... .... ....... ..... ...St. Francis............................... 12:45 p. M
5OOA. M...... ........... .. .... ....Beresford.: ............. ...... ........ .... :: IJ=45 A.Jrf Between Jacksonville ami l New York : First-class, $25.60; Intermediate $19.00 ; Excursion $43.50Peerage
6:00 A. M.... ...... .... ....... .....rBlue SpringsArrive ...................... ........ 11:00 A. M $12.50.
8:00 A. M...... .... .... ......... .....Sanfotd.... .... .... .... .. .... ...... 900 A. M Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $27.00; Intermediate $21.00 ; Excursion $47.30; Steerage $14.23
9:15: A. -I.... ... .... ................Enterprise...... ..... ...:. .. .... ...... 9:30 A. M The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows : .
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville.
[Central or ryJo Meridian Time.]

}<'. :\[. IUX1\lOXn. .Jr.. Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., acksonvilte. Fl1v. Haifa, City...... ...... .......... .... .... ...... ........... ...........:Monday Febuary 1st, 7.00 p.m
I". OnHN F.tY. Traveling Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green New York. Cliattalioot'hee ..... .... .... .... ......... .... ..... .... .... ......Wednesday", February 3d, 9.00 a.mXacoorlier
; .J. O. .''':LOT. Freight Agent 011 wharf foot ofllogtI1 Street JacksonvilIe Fla. ...... ........ .... .......... .... .............. ..... .... ....Kndav, February n.ooa.m
3 .JOnN L. HO\\\I.n. Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street Jacksonville. Fla..J. City of Birmingham.... ....... ........... .... .... ..... ...,.......Saturday February 6lh, I2.oom
A. I.SI.I.: Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. City of Augusta..... ...... ............ ...... ................... ...Monday February, 2.30 p.m
IAltSUAI..L IL CI..YUIAssistant Traffic Manager, S Bowling Green New York. Tallahassee.... .......... .... ...................... .... ..... ...Wednesday, February: loth, 4 00 p.m
TUI-O.: G. nu. Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York. Kansas City.......... ...... ...... .......................... ........ Friday, Pel ruary 12th, 5.30 a.m
Chattahoochee. ........................ ..........................Saturday: February 13111, 6.30 p.rnXacoo'h.
I WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l ..(".......... .......... ................-..... .... ........Monday, February 15th, 7.00 p.m
City of Jlirmlngliaiii .... ............... ... ....... .... ....Wednesday, February 17th, 8.JOa.m
f City Augusta... ........ ............................... .... .Fri lay February 19th, 9.30 a.m
14 South Wharves, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New YurkoGRAPE Tallahassee .. .... ....., .... ......................,.:*, ,............baturdiy: February 20th. ro.ooa.m
Kansas: City.... ...... ...... .............................. ........ ..Monday( February 22d: iz.oom
Chattahoocliee... ....................... ............ ..... ......\Vednrsday: February 24th 2 30 p.m
{ Nacoochee. ...... ............ ...... .......... ............ ...... ...Fnday, February 261 h, 4.00
City or llinuliigltam................. ...... ...... ........ ......Saturday. February 27th 5 oo p.m
t. City of Augusta...... ........... ..................... .... .......Monday, February 29th.&3o p.m p.m

: City of flacon. ....................... ....... .... .......... ...... ...Tuesday! February :2d,8.ooa.m
i (ate City... ...... ....................... .......... .... .......... ...Friday, February II ooa.m
Alwo.twrMlALL FKD1T8Sev CataV Free. T. 11CUBA1ID CO. FBEDOAII City of :savannah ............ ..... .......... ......... .... ...Wednesday, February loth. 4:00:
_. EncrlcUr, M S.T1H7& City of Macau ... .............. ............ ...... .. .... ...........Sunday February 14th, 6,v>p.m a.m
-- Gate City..... .... ...... ............. ...... .... ...... .. .... ......Wednesday, February 171 h, 8.3oa.m:
City of Savannah.... ....... ............ ....... .... .. .. ........Monday. February 22d 12.00 m
ESTABLISII.ED >>. City of Mat-on. ............ ............ .... ...... ..... ..... .....Friday, February 26th.4.00 p.m
Gate City.I ..... .... ........;...... ...... .... ...... ............ ......Monday, February 29th, 6.00 p.m
t VV Xz..LJ: :.GLM: i'1.. JBCrJ"Fl.S.. ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Dessoiig", ...... ...... ............ ...... .... ...... ......... .... ........Tuesday, February 2d, S.GOa.m
WHOLESALEGrain Dessoug.......................... .......... ................ ..........Friday February i2th, 5.00: p.m
Detsotig.. .... .... .........,.o..... .... .... .... ......... ...........Monday, February 22d, 11.30a.m

Garden Seeds. and Fertilizers THESE PALACE STEAMERS,

Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE. FLA Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equaled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest via
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
77 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 77 West B-y Street.Jacksonville!
R. L WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent.
Hay Corn Oats Flour BranWheat Grits Meat New Pier No. 35. North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
L JAMES. Agent 13 <. Third Street Philadelphia.
j COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. T. D. HA HAGEN Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
G. 3!. SORREL, Manager. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Agt., Jacksonville, Fla.
For Tickets apply to S., F. & W.Railway office.
J. E. Tygcrt & Co.'s you need stationery of any kindpaperpens
j LEtgL
NITRATE SODA DO and ink? If so, send to DaCosta Prating YE190KIHG.
and Publishing House, Jacksonville
Star' Brand Fertilizers

t ism 11 1t U P PLIES"i/KindtWattg6ae! .OH.* .
Tree and POTASH W E subject to SPASMS are most IfitelT troubled with
Orange Vegetable Ing,Wind&SttamHxch'y.Encyclopedia 25c. w0AHS The bt remedy for thin*the cHrbrmtM
'' .
FERIILIZER. I Branch Houses. I Been yea"In UI'4!'aDd neY<;r t ai''.. Oblluye&l'tjCQo
These Fertilizers have' no superior in the market and a trial will convince. ELM STREET DALLASTEXAS. f tarty that t b-taittaLs are' 1: A thq."yo.l1lnirlrnleat1oClF







Blood and Bone, Chicago Bone Meal,

Pure Fine Ground Bone, Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,

Animal Bone and Potash, Tobacco Stems, i .

Blood Bone and Potash Ashes ,
Canada Hardwood ;; .

[Pulverized -A.nimal Bone, Suluhate of [Potash, &c.Troo .

Fru.I.'tian.Vin.e.: :7 E3earin.grrees..

orange: Foci o"1.l.n.gJIrees.: : : .

-V-ege1ia J.e anAd. :Potato; Grower-:

GEO. WILSON, 5O West Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla.


As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain' profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export good quality and
land oranges in good*condition in the foreign markets.
Messrs. Smith &Crouch, one of the largest, best and most reliable fruit firms in England, sat of the Liverpool market, that the demand is now so large that 5,000
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival.As .
one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge of the carrying ability of steamers enablesme
to'select the best to ship by. .
Representing the best firms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send through me.
In order to export oranges, shippers cah consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward,I will have the same placed on the
best and fastest steamer,and send a Bill of Lading as evidence of shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New Yorkfi
m the owner may designate, or sell it myself at auction. .
The best steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool, so that a cable report of sales is received in New York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about the
a <,unt of the proceeds is then sent on account to the shipper, by me. In twenty days from date of shipment from Florida it is thus possible to have the proceeds in
the hands of the shippers.
Please note the following facts : '
Large sizes of oranges, 112's-126's, bring as much as 150's and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay.
Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New York later than.December.
1st. There is no demand after the holidays until:March 1st.
!=Advances of 75c. per box on your fruit will be made to such shippers as need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading. attached.
Further particulars and stencils will be furnished by .
E. L. GOODSELL, No. 103 Park Place,


No. 15: Pliilpot Lane, London, Eng.J .




0w. + Vegetable Grower.

:) "Uniform good results in every re-\.I
: [ the very best hi Fertilizer I ever
J used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oaks
U1 Groves, Manatee, Fla.


Q1: GETABLES GROW in 60 to 90 days,

V and, as a rule, do best on a manure thatis

available and about ready to nourish.

Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,

FERTILIZERSARE made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

$ is composed of chemicals especially adapted to
vegetables, which feed this class of in a
y produce a strong growth of wool and: a large yield of the best quality fruit. Mr.F.C.Buffura,
of Stanton. "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange and lemon trees and a nursery manner to produce a healthy growth which wIthstands
the largest in the State,and I have experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers
offered for sale in the State and I find yours more satisfactory than any others I have used." Send disease and matures early. For sound,
for our beautifully illustrated pamphlet.
729 Reynolds St., delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, use
BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO. 27! Kilby St. Boston, { -
,) ,, AUGUSTA, GA the BOWKER Fertilizers.:

Saw and ttrUt Mill.4 H.P.
FARMERS and larger. Catalogue free. Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.JACKSONVILLE .
DeLOlCIl BILL CO.,ItluU,,..
-253 Bushels.. of-Corn-> Per Acre BOWKER FERTILIZER ) A. M. BOND, CEN'L AGENT.
was made with our RIVAL CORN by Mr. Drake
of Marlborough County. S. C. We have im
PIANOS. proved our corn 24 years. We guarantee it to
make one-ourth more than any corn in America
Shells pound of corn per ear. Hire whitr-flint
UNEQUALLED IN grains nearly an inch long Mature iu loodavs.
We want a good man in each section to sell it
Tone Tout Workmansh i Durability this spring. We pay well. Good samples and
p plenty printed matter with your address,25 cts
Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. We give$100.00 in premium! thiyear.. Writeat I THO LASP.SIMPSOYWashington. your old family Bibles; make them as
New York, 148 Filth Ave. ""* once. Address, FARMER'S: SHED CO., PATENTS D.C. Noatt1'atteUDtnPatenCO -j I REPAIR as new. DaCosta Printing and Publishing -
Washington, 817 Market Space. a-iS-eow-4t Orangeburg,S. C. talned. Write for Inventor's Guide House,Jacksonville,Fla.

:4TWP", ; '

... ... -
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