Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
January 28, 1892
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text

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1 1869 JJiViWIlq'f .




JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JANUARY 28, 1892. Whole No. 1199 Yol.IY, No.4 .



Has proved to be the earliest and finest grape in Florida being fully two weeks earlier than Niagara. :::
CHATHAM ST. BOSTON. All the White Diamond grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shippeddirect t7lt11 .. .
57 ,
by the Diamond White Grape Company, of Rochester, N. Y. They are guaranteed to be
strong, healthy two-year-old vines and our prices for the same are as follows: en \
Price Catalogues or weekly Kales furnish
on application. FOR CASH, $22 PER 10O or$20O PER 1,000. '

8.W.BARNETT. 1T. H.BARNETIESTABLISHED ON TIME, $40, $35 or $30 PER 100, ACCORDING TO c w alkl 0 ,

18'S. QUANTITY.Send .
for price list and descriptive pamphlet giving terms for vineyard planting on time. Ad- rn c....
BROS., dress E. DUBOIS. BOX 182 Tallahassee, Fla. General Agent Diamond White a
AGENTS Grape Company for Florida and Georgia '
Also full stock of Niagara Delaware, Ives, Cynthiana, Norton,Chassellas, Black Hamburg and a"Y
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGK all other leading and new varieties. of grape.vines,native and foreign. .

--- -, ......_ ..CO
Wholesale Commission and .

returns. Stencils< ,Kouthwtpr, on applications stree Vegetables.rrompt r.hlraJtt, NEW BEANS NEW PRICES And Building Material.


G, 166 READE ST., NEW YORK. We now have in stock an extra fine lot of crop of 1891 beans at following prices:

Lemons, and all other Hastings' Excelsior Refugee........_. $1.50 $ Improved Golden Wax................ 1.50 5.50Wardwell's
Oranges Pineapples Improved Round Pod Refugee,..... 1.25 BU'J Kidney Wax............. 1.50 5.50
nuts Fruits furs and,etc.All early. truck, also, dried fruit Improved Red Valentine........... 1.25 Flageolet Wax....................... 1.60 5.75 FLA.,
consignments promptly remitted fat Improved Extra Early Red Valentine, 1.40 5.00j I .,

Stencils References nod:market Brad 4treet4.reports and furnished establish. free H. G. HASTINGS &. CO., Interlachen, Fla.Our .
merchants A: d banks of the South IRRIGATING
THE 4o-page catalogue with revised price-list free on application.


JWu, Hare and Jlleyant I'lant of livery WHAT ((iRE THEY MACHINERY

Dt'lfcrlltIOl; I The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers ,
Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. l

Shade and ornamental 1 trees and shrubs for South' BOTH
ern lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plantsfor FOR EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES AND PLUMS.

the greenhouse" or conservatory. No. 41-6: Baskets, three.quarter Bushel. No. 34-16-quart gift crate
ORANGE AND LEMON TREESIn one-hall Bushel. No. = .
No. 42-4 36-32- STEAM HORSE POWER.P 0
all the leading varieties,budded from bearing No. 56-2 NO.30-32- Standard crate.
trees tm our own grounds and guar.
anteed true to name. Send for catologues,prices and samples.
All the New and Desirable
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive Tropical SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and PIPE, PIPE FITTING, BRASS
is sent free to applicant Address
R. D. HOYT, Manager, ESTABLISHED 1879.
Seven Oaks, Fla.

fOOD t Write for Estimates.


64 & 66 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, O. .
Nursery Tbontaa.V.
"" We are not connected i in any way with any scrolled Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling y
prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited. REFERENCESMercantile National Bank ; GPnrgla.N .
Trade Mark. Wm.,Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers; Childs, Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad-
HOLMS' CANNED MEAT FOR,POULTRY streets' and R.G. Dun &Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer,"Cleveland. Six days mrJiei thananyvarlet.tWtttte

Will Make Hens Lay!. G E' Agrlru'fl }x. Grounds)
tit >"..N Y Color
at n
Will Make Grow!
Southernmost Florist Establishment in U. S. greenish wMte pulp '+
AND GOOD FOB MOULTING FOWLS. .; leD'tcr. *'fl.e wrtt and delicious. J
This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully + obiT grapeS
that ranks first bolb+ tnearllaefs
k:: j
iA.rMisfP : .
cooked,ground fine, seasoned and hermetically ESTABLISHED I583.t == and qutiltf.ach + .
>. Tine sealed "whlj I
sealed In 8-lbcans Being ground fine,It n Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Fern, v ., ,, cur rifcliteiert trademark
can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole lab>I. fiend forr
. ,
.,4I"eOI4l"A' H" .url. Information.i&twr A..eD'"
BO as to give each fowl an equal share. Prlc ; world v Fine illustrated catalogue of too pages sent on receipt of loc. Clean, 144rtss SrEP""' -* IONS\ New tanaac. CV
30 eta per can; $.1 per doz. Address HOLLIS $,;? ..._ healthy stock. -Low prices.
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North a LO o ItE4S01'EIiBROS., Oncco, Fla. M
Boston MAf'I' 'Mention par* r.

NUT TREES. GLEN ST.MARY I MISERIES.Ten Before ordering elsewhere do not fail to send ,
CHESTNUTS-Japan Mammoth and to me for description of the most complete and A
Giant, Parry's.Japan Walnuts.Japan Golden economical Steam Launches using ordinary z
llusMft: Idaho and Keiffer Pears. KleaffnusLoiiKlpes kerosene for fuel. Automatic fire:regulator. '...
Hardy Orange" and other valuable acres devoted to testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million No blowing up or breaking down. Catalogue .
novelties Small Fruits, Grapes etc. Fruit ((250,000)) nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new calalogue for 1891-92 is the most comprehensive .
Shade and Nut trees! Ornamental Shrubs,Vines we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address free.JOHN
etc. Illustrative Descriptive Catalogue free. ASPINWALL.Eau .

WILLIAM PARRY G. L. TABER ::: t' Glen St. Mary Fla. Gallie, -' Florida. ,.
I-33-3m Parry,Xcw tfrrry :,, I rra4.4t5. .
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.." : CAUTION .








4 1
I 1

; .-."' :. J3EAN:, jACi SONVIr4LE: FLA.

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Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the oranp"e tree, and is a sovereign remedy

for the various forms of fund on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stap-e of p"rovthvithout injury.

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has riven

oerfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. .

FOR RUST MITE USE ONE OUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayedfor

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal l item of expense in spraying trees it is better

and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength: viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the fumes From the Insecti--
cide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. )In using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-third to one-half. This is an Advantage Possessed by

no Other Preparation of Sulphur. if used in this manner it will also kill the other insects that mav be moving the trees.

FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.

PRICE 20c. PER GALLON, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at cost.McMASTER. ,

& MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.

r ..

i .

1J -'I'1ze: :J3i111.orLd.a: ob. :Iliac:
,. {
t r With the Magnificent Connections.
S .

,.'jw The Great Fast Express Freight. System of the South.

The attention of shippers Is directed to the Plant S. 8. Line between Havana.Key West and Terr pa,and booth Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford 8. F.&W.By.between -
t Jacksonville Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
York and Merchants and Miner Transportation Company between Savannahpoolnta and Baltimore The beet equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all
North and Northwest-l)iRecelvers.and Shippers: will pront by the following unparalleled connections:
Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double dally last freight service from all points North and Weboth Albany,Bainbridge,
l Savannah Jesup and Savannah to all points in Florida;fast freight via Galnesv1lleJackDany
faSt freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonville,Callahan and Live Oak.
and Coast points, Including New!York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
f Providence. New York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savanna Monday,Wednesday,Friday.and
Four connections a week for New York via OceanlSteamshlp: Company,leaving Savannah Saturday.
Mondays, Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 4 1L
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners'Transportation Company 18 and 25 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with 'lMf
. ,leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for all points In Florida.
; \ Connections Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia! May 9.19 and 29
every five days from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah. '
Connections0 Philadelphia[every ten days via Ocean Steamship CompanleaTlng From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
Bavannah June 4.14 and 24. -. Friday, making close connection with 8.,F.A W.By.for all points In Florida.
. Sailing days for Steamships are subject change: without notice.

The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickestfand( best freight route from all points North,East and"We.t to Florida. For full particular,rates,stencils and chipping receipts apply to
,. ay agents of the above lines or to. WM.P.HARDEE,Genl Freight Agent,Savannah,Ga
CX D.OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. F.B.PAPY,AssL Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. M.DAVIDSON, GenT Traffic Agent, Jacksonville Jl .
J.P..JORDAN' ,Trav.Agent,Qnlncy. J.E.DBATTOK,Tray Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.BTKJ"BJDraArent,Jacksonville.



.. .

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And let me say I don't believe I I number of similar or smaller town: prices, sales, etc., much better and
]3V1ar1\ebth. is going to be any "Eureka" :: over the North in the same condition more efficiently than the growers
about this disposing of the I was in the North and West the past themselves can. Ten such men
SEEKING THE CONSUMERS.The Various means will be adopted j I summer investigating the fruit busines: would make a wonderful change in
each will do some good and help and I looked into this feature, and I demand for oranges. They would
Practical and Business-like other. If all working for a found in almost every case tha cost, say $3,600 each per year, or
Views of Colonel Harvey. end succeed making a good small towns complained of shortage< $36,000 for the ten men. That is a
Editor FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: for all the crops, we may well of fruit in its season. Early in De large amount of money, but just
The orange crop is large (?), pricesare well done to each. cember last I wrote to a number of think what a small thing it is when
low, markets glutted and everybody One thing I ask of the orange small towns in Kentucky, Indiana and you consider that this year the commission -
in the dumps about it. If that ers, do not stick to any old Illinois, asking my friends to give me< men of the United States are
because .others do, and have prices and supply of oranges on Dec likely to get over$800,ooo out of the
is the case with the present crop, what done it. If half boxes will-sell 24th. I have nine answers before me< orange growers of Florida. I say
is it to be with a good crop five or ten whole will not, furnish the half now. Prices range from 40 cents per $800,000, but I do think it. will be
years from now? There can be nc If quarter-boxes will sell where dozen to 75 cents per dozen. All speak nearer double that sum.
question but that each year, for many sold before, furnish quarter-boxes.Is of a scarcity, and four assure me that What is needed is to get to the con-
years to come, will add to the crop. the present crop more than they could not buy a box of oranges! sumer, and as cheaply as possible.The .
sumers require or want? I 'say at any price on Christmas eve. orange raiser must hunt him up.
There are thousands of acres coming without any hesitancy. The There are about 700 towns with The speculator.will come and look up
into bearing. There are yet thousandsof crop is not anything near enough populations ranging from 1,000 tc the producer as long as he can make
acres that will be put in oranges, and cousumers if they could get 8,000. Here are 2,000,000people money by doing so, and only so long.I .
thousands of acres of bearing groves reasonable rates. What is the that have oranges occasionally, and believe the true theory of all sales
that willincrease their output. What then, with prices and demands? when they get them it is at prices of a produced article is, reach the
is to become of this valuable product? The producer is not reaching ranging from three to seven cents consumer as directly and cheaply as
We are all interested in oranges, small per cent. of the consumers, apiece. Now, the question is, can amore possible; encourage consumption by
whether we own an orange tree or not. the prices are too high to those thorough and cheaper distribution cheapness and convenience of gettingthe
The prosperity of Florida largely de are reached. The great mass of the crop be made? If so, how? product. It is especially so in
pends on the question of a market for 63,000,ooo people of the United It If important to educate people up articles like the orange, that can onlybe
oranges. is,not reached at all. There to the use of more fruit, "especially classed a luxury.So .
With your consent I want to make m expensive middlemen oranges," says the orange producer. long as the crop is handled
some suggestions to orange producersthat the producers and those who are I Cheap oranges, to be had regularly through commission houses and auc-
I hope and believe will assist to sumers, and the expensive during the season will do it. tion houses North gluts are bound to
solve the problem. do not reach more than half Let us examine an interior section occur. It is not the fault .of commis-
There is Home Market Orange would be consumers because it away from any large city, or great sion men, or auctioneers. They cannot
Auction and Vegetable Co., Fruit Exchange not pay them, the middlemen, distributing point, say Springfield, prevent excessive shipments. A glut-
auctions South and auctions so. If these statements are large'I Illinois. Within a circuit of fifty ted market is a bad thing for days and
North, commission merchants, cen there any remedy? I have no miles around it there is a populationof weeks after it occurs. Prices broken
tral packing houses, cold storage I there is, and will suggest some over 300,000. This population is ;ur> down do not recover easily. A and
and every fellow for himself; in fact. that I think will help out. plied from one or more of the large distributing .B may ship to a market the same day
almost as many theories, ways and There are twenty-eight cities points, and when the oranges and A gets a fair price and B gets
schemes to dispose of the crop to advantage United States that'have a reach them they have had two or nothing. A few hours may and often
as there are orange growers. of over 100,000. We can three middlemen's profits added to do change prices from a good figureto
Here I would like to say'a word that each of these is supplied the price, as well as one or two extra nothing. The market in New York
about both Home Market and the oranges during the season. local freights. Now, I think those runs about twelve hours, from 2 a.
Fruit Exchange. I have had oppor- great many thousands of boxes additions can be avoided. If you go m. to 2 p. m. I saw a change in pricesof
tunity to know something of the efforts could be sold in them if the to a commission merchant in Spring- peaches one Saturday last summer,
that the gentlemen who manage grocery stores could be supplied field, Decatur, Bloomington or Jacksonville from 70 cents per basket to nothingin
these institutions have made to get quarter and half boxes. I would or any of the six or seven the twelve hours. Good peaches
the best prices for, and dispose of the gest a box about the size of a lesser towns under consideration, they would not bring the cost of the basketin
orange crops. A. S. Mann of Home nia peach box, which is 12 by will tell you they cannot handle a car- the afternoon. Under the system
Market fame is a man of exceptional 4 inches. Only the orange box load of oranges, yet I am confident I suggest, glutted markets for those
ability, a man of ideas, who has too be deep enough for two layers can go, or"send any reasonably good, interested should not be possible.
active business at the Beginning l would be in the field
much energy to let them mould or rot. five to seven inches. The retail man Their employee
He has devoted his wonderful force dealers will be opposed to any of the season or before, and arrange of consumption during the season,
and knowledge to making a home mar- size, as they want to sell by the within a week to have handled in that and should not let a car load or a box
ket {for oranges. That he has done a one or dozen. There would section ten car-loads during the sea- get on a glutted market.I .
great good to the orange industry no much less per cent. of damaged son, whereas now there are not two believe this system would add
car-loads used during a season. It is the demand for
honest man can deny. That he will in these small boxes. materially to oranges
do great good in the future I have no There are 448 cities that so all over the country. and be one of the valuable ways of
doubt. population of over 8,000; of Suppose twenty or a hundred solving the problem of what we are to
The gentlemen of the Fruit Ex- number there are more than half growers in a given section join together do with a six, eight, or ten million-
change are energetic business men, 20,000. Now, here is a and employ an active businessman box crop, that we are sure. to. have in
who have devoted their time to of over 4,000,000 that are never to travel over the country and the near future.
another means of disposing of the or- supplied with oranges.I make arrangements to handle their The fruit and vegetable industry
They have been successful make this assertion positive crop, paying the man so employed a could bear part of the expense of men
M ange to extent and. think will cause I have investigated the salary and ,expenses, as drummers are employed to look after the orange
December Christmas employed. Suppose there were ten sales and those industries would be
continue to do good. I think each In 1890, on ,
' of these institutions has very materially I found the city of Pensacola such men employed by ten such very greatly benefited by increased
assisted in disposing of Florida's great : oranges. It seemed to me ; organizations of growers. They could market facilities.
k product. Their existence has been a that if this city of 15,000 people meet together, consult and arrange i S. S. HARVEY
benefit to every producer of oranges. I without oranges there must be a territory: see after transportation, Pensacola.HEtIORIDADIS'ATCII. .



Trust Needed. Cro'ye and Orchard.: : I streams of niter and further reducedby i Frost in California.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
wave action, but these forces and Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower
The following I wrote five years Protoplasm.Editor those of electric and volcanic energy I' Following is an extract from a

ago, relating to the yet pressing question Farmer and Fruit-Grower: would produce meagre results compared letter written by a former resident of
how to market our oranges, and Protoplasm is the tenacious viscous with the ceaseless o't or
time has convinced that such energy Orange county, now living in the
me a
mobile, albuminous substancein ganized life. vicinity of the place named. If you
could solve the
plan only problem. which, so far as known, all There is reason to believe that the think best you can publish it. The

Now as then, meetings are called to terrestrial life is manifested. It is nitrifying and allied microbes were fact, if it is a fact, that their trees are

organize the orange growers. Well, classed as simple in the microbes and the first forms of life that appearedon dormant in winter is much' in their

th ymust organize, and, as I said six lowest forms of life, and differentiatedin the earth, as they exist and thrive favor in comparison with Florida.

years ago: It must be a trust. It the higher orders. The process of : best in the absence of active organic A. J. ALDRICH.
must be under central
one managemeent. reproduction of the microbes or fission matter. Orlando.

It must handle all the oranges fungi has caused a German philoso- Schloesing has found the nitrifying We have had two heavy frosts and

raised in Florida, so as to control the pner to broach an interesting specu- microbes in rocks and on the tops of one severe wind storm this winter

distribution of the fruit rapidly and lation on the relation of an individualto mountains and believes they are the that have done much damage.The .

intelligently, so as not to overstockthe the life and immortality materially principal cause of rock disintegration. first frost did not show much,

marketat, any one point. considered of its species. \Vinogradsy has bred them as except on the tender trees and plants,

There should .be branch depots to These lowest orders of life in pure cultures in the absence of organic but the second one, which occurred

ship from, to different sections, say crease by division of the parent cell; matter which he found retarded about Christmas, ruined whole or-

from Jacksonville, Cedar Keys, Tampaand in many cases a round cell elongatestill their growth or rather hindered nitri chards of young trees. Almost everywhere -
Punta Gorda. These all
being it looks like a figure 8, and then fication. the top twigs of the bearingtrees

in telegraphic communication, one I separates into two perfect organisms The medium used was composedof are now bare of leaves, but I

man could sit down comfortably and which continue the process in 1,000 grams of Lake Zurich water don't think any fruit was frozen. At
with the assistance of a telegraph operator definitely. Natural causes, of course, and one gram each of ammonium Riverside I think I saw as many as

dispatch our oranges and vege- control the spread and increase oi sulphate and patasslUm carbonate, to 600 acres of young orchards and nur-

tables so as to supply all sections of each species, but in this case there which was added o. 5-1 gram, of basic series that will be a total loss. It is

our country, and overstock none. can be no evolution of differentiationand magnesium carbonate per 100 c. c. of rather remarkable though how some

Only one man can do this intelligently; natural selection, and any individual solution.To were frozen, and others near them escaped -

even two if allowed to operate in the microbe is a part and parcel, illustrate the corrosive action of severe damage.I .

same territory would spoil it by com- almost infinitely removed, of its first the nitrifying microbes Dr.. Manly dont't think frost does as much

ing into competition.The parent. Miles says: "In my-own experimentswith damage to orange trees here as in

Florida Fruit Exchange started This reasoning applied to humanity soil microbes they have proved Florida, for the reason that. the trees

pretty much on this plan, but found would give an unusual aspect to-the their ability to take their required are entirely dormant here during the

itself in competition with every orange views of immortality and responsi- supplies of lime and potash from solid winter. I have never seen any signsof

grower, who imagined that he was bility of the individual soul. fragments of gypsum and feldspar, growth here during the winter as I

independent of all others and that he We would like to approach the and even from the glass tubes in used to in :Florida. There is a

could manage his own business best, fountain of life and solve the question I which cultures were made, which greater difference in the susceptibility -

that he had special advantages, etc. and mystery of being, yet were deeply etched by their action." .of land in different localities
Well, he shipped his competitive fruitto I have rambled wide here than
can not.'Vhen. over a fieldin in Florida. There is a strip
the competitive commission merchant improved lenses extendedthe reviewing some ol the elementary along the foot of the mountain that is

and they competed to undersell, usefulness of the microscope conditions of life, but in future letters comparatively free from frost, but

each other to get a reputation for selling attention was directed to the natureof will consider! in detail some of the Riverside, San Bernardino and most

cheap, [So? ED.] and so competitive life, especially by the German modes and functions of existence. % of the valleys have quite severe ones.

competition ensued, to which the biologists, of whom perhaps Haeckel E. S. HUBBARD. Bananas do not fruit here and

orange grower contributed his labor, was chief, study being directed to Federal Point, Fla.',-Jan... .'i, 1892. guavas, except the Cattleys, are not
fruit and often had with
to compete the protoplasm of low organisms.The Maltese Blood Orange. grown. Japan persimmons are com
his pocket to pay extra freight. search was carried high and low mon. I have not seen pineap
The Florida Fruit This is one of the choicest and any
Exchange having and they sought to find if a fortuitous most highly flavored of all the varieties pies, though 1 have heard ol' Mrs.

gone through and all the trouble, work, aggregation of atoms would not of the orange. It is true that the Wilsun's stay in this vicinity, and no
delays formation of expense such to the: spontaneously generate life; but the flavor is. not so mild and sweet as doubt she sold many plants about
an organization, ap vital essence would not come at their some, but in delicate aroma and Redlands: and Riverside. I have also

pears which to all me the to various be the nucleus around associ-- bidding and eluded their grasp. sprightliness it is scarcely excelled or heard much of the Walker Bros'.
Who will the wonderful sales of Florida orange stock here.
surpass equalled by In size it is
any. ,
ations should and
rally, form one homogeneous .
epitome in the first chapter of about medium, and in shape it is t

ollable comprehensive the and contr Genesis, ? slightly oval. The'peel is not so thinas Planting Orange Trees.
body be
elective and continuous faith- How universal the effects of life that of some varieties, but the core WHEN TO PLANT.-Citrus trees are
have been on the earth is hard to is small and seeds transplanted various
ful service for the interests of the asso- unusually are quite at seasons, preference -
ciation. imagine. Assuming present laws of rare. The name "Blood" is attached being given to one of its,dormant

Such radiation and cooling, millions of because of the unusual characteristicred periods occurring during the year.
a body (through committees)
could also solve the transportation years were required for the gases and color of the pulp. This, however Trees transplanted in the winter,

problem, as much of.the cause of decay solids to condense sufficiently to sup- varies greatly in different cli- when the ground is cold. will remain

of fruit and vegetables en route is port the lowest forms of life; and we mates ; as for instance, in Californiait until, spring without growing; there-
due cannot estimate the ages that were is much more inclined to show the fore it is better not to transplant citrus
to"neglect, delays and bad hand-
the required for minute crustaceans to red than in Florida and the Gulf trees until the ground begins to get
ling by transportation companies
and bad ventilation (or none at all), form deposits like the chalk beds that coast, where, in fact, it sometimesoccurs warm. The nearer an orange tree is

of the cars and ships carrying our crop out in many countries.No that well-developed specimenshave to starting new growth, the greater its
fruit indications have been observedto no red color at all, or but the strength and root power, and this is
as anyone can readily see if he
show that life resembling that bY'' slightest trace. The skin is also the best time 1o"r transplanting; also
the and
sees cars steamers loadingand
the earth has existed on the moon; thicker in California, and the flavor is after they have made their first growthand
and it is an interesting question how more acid than the same variety grown before starting the second time in
Competition be the life of
may tar the life of the earth in connectionwith east of the Mississippi River.In spring. -
trade but it is the ruin of the
titors compe- its atmosphere conserves the o the Mediterranean regions, the BALLING SYSTEM.-A narrow trenchis
this is the of associationsand
age chemical forces and prevents its surface flesh is almost as red as that of the made along the row and within six
incorporations and the
must unite. Only fools growers with from becoming like the moon, a beet, the skin is quite thick and the inches of the tree, the taproot is cut
compete barren, rockbound waste. flavor tart. about eighteen inches or so deep ;
each other in these days.
FRANK HIGEL. o In (act.this must have been the state As its name indicates, this orangeis then with a spade a round, oblong

Venice,Manatee Co., Fla. of the earth when its elements had so a native, so far back as history goes, ball is cut, leaving in it the tree. The g
.. far cooled as to make the existenceof of the Island of Malta, in the Mediterranean spade should be very sharp, or in cut- 1

For BiliousnessUse life in its lowest forms possiblefor Sea. It has been known ting the roots the jar will break the

Ilorsford'g Add Phosphate. without life all the chemical elements there for many centuries, but. not before ball. Pruning shears are used in cut-

DR W. B. GILLES, 'Vinnepeg, lan would soon be fixed in neutral or in- the Christian era, as the Roman ting large roots. When trees are

toba, says: "I have used it in a typicalcase soluble compounds. By the action of writers make no mention of this or taken up with a sound ball of earth *

indigestion with biliousness,and heat, cold and storms there would be any other variety of the orange at the leaves will hardly wilt. A

found it to be, without exception, the I some breaking up of rocks, the debrisof that time.-H. E. VAN DEMAN, in PUDDLING SVSTE .-Puddling is *
, best thing I ever used in such cases.'* which would be carried down by Hort. Art Journal. practiced where the soil is so loose





that sacking is rendered impossible. angles, with equal intervals of space, roots and so shaded with their leaves

Many prefer this system to any other, and a tree planted at each crossing of. T le Pinery. that there should be no chance for a

as it gives the trees larger and more the lines. -... -. ,.,..... -- -""'- ....... weed seed to germinate and grow up
roots; and where all due precautionsare SOIL FOR ORANGE TREES.'-An Edited by JOHN B. BEACH, Melbourne, Fla..... among them. If weeds have been
taken, puddling is the best sys. orange tree should never be plantedon allowed to grow to maturity and form

tern, and considerable expense is heavy, low ground, or on low, Pineapple Culture-No. 4. solid roots prior to this, they will, of

saved. damp ground where water can be After the pineapples have been in course, hold their own and prove a

THE PUDDLE.-A hole is made in reached within a few feet of the sur- the ground a couple of months, or great trouble to the farmer; but if the

the ground and filled half full of face, and never on black, adobe soil ; long enough to begin to get rooted, cultivation has been attended to faith-

water, then soil is thrown into it and they will always be troubled with gum the work of cultivation begins. The fully since planting, the latter will now

worked with a hoe, which forms the disease, and will also be nipped by pine soil contains very few grass or practically cease. After this an occa-

puddle. The puddle should be thin frost every year. A rich, deep, por- weed seeds, but frequent shallow cultivation sional weed which fights its way up
soil is greatl assists the growth of through some weak place in the pine-
enough so that when the roots of trees ous absolutely necessary to give
are put it, it will stick to them, the trees a vigorous growth.-B. M. the plant. We know an old man who apple array may be pulled up by
raised as fine pineapples as we ever handand but little else will be neededin
at the same time wetting every part Lelong., Sec. Cal. Board of Horticulture. -
thoroughly. The trees are carefully saw upon very poor pine land without the way of culture. Fertilizationonly

taken up; the soil is shaken from the an ounce of fertilizer by stirring the is necessary hereafter, and this is

roots and they are immediately dipped Grafting and Pruning.It soil lightly with a garden rake cverr such an important subject that I shall
morning the plants. defer its discussion to another issue.
into the mud among
or puddle. They are admitted fact
then in seems a generally The scuffle hoe has been a main de- JOHN B. BEACH.
wet straw
placed on a
is that in grafting injured trees the best pendence in the past for this work.It .-.H
large canvas, or covering, placedover
the wagon to prevent the sun method is to cut off the tree at the consists of a strip of thin steel 23a The Scrub Caught It.

from drying the roots, as the roots time of grafting in preference to sprig. to 3 inches wide and 8 to 12 inches Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

should not be exposed to the sun, grafting in the side.Ve would then long, sharpened at the edge. This is The late cold wave used Eustis, as

eveaif only for a few minutes. The affixed to a long rake handle at suchan usual, very gently, and except in hammock .
advise, preparatory to grafting, to cutoff that it flat the low flat lands did
wagon is then driven to the field where angle rests on sur I or more
the holes are dug. The driver hands the tree near the ground, for two face of the soil. When in use the good than harm.I .
-** laborer slides it back and forth cut- enclose a twig of citron tree
the trees, one at a time, and the reasons : you ,
planter holds .the trees in position First. The injured tree will there be ting off the weeds and stirring the soil plucked to day from the grove of Mr.
about an inch deep. The pine beinga Frank W. Savage whose Persian limes

while his men fill it up with dirt, first in the best condition. I ,
throwing in the moistest; the planter surface feeder, this is as deep as it 'were beginning to bloom when the

pressing: the soil very lightly and goes Second. If, as is possible, we are is safe to go. Of late the Planet Jr. flip of the cold wave came, but it did

tp the next one. The tree having visited by another such disastrous wheel hoe has become popular as a not even check those blooms, tenderas

been set, a basin is made around it freeze, the tree is not so likely to be labor saving substitute for the old they are reputed to be.

and a couple of buckets of water frozen below the bud. With our late scuffle hoe. It is constructed on the Careful inquiry fails to discover any

poured into the basin; this will settle experience we think every tree planter general principle of the wheelbarrow, real injury on our high pine lands except -

the.soil and keep the tree fresh until should be chary about using any the body being very short and the a few bananas and some little of

water can be run down the rows in stock that is not budded near the handles long and slender. Various the outside leaves of guavas, even then

furrows. ground. steel cultivators, hoes and plow pointscan not injuring the stems, as many of

After the tree is cut to' the sound, be attached beneath the part just those where the leaves were touchedare
THE a healthy wood, insert one or more back of this wheel, which correspondsto pushing out new growth.

common practice among growers to grafts, being careful to make the the body of the wheelbarrow. Tomatoes are being shipped from
the in hole fill it with
place tree a up j juncture of the bark and tree as nearly I Hence by lowering the handles the Clermont on the south of Lake Apopka -
soil and then it. As the tootsare
,covered with tramp thick mud will perfect as possible. Fasten and pro cultivators are driven in deeper and and if prices for vegetables will
they tect the graft with beeswax. Now, by the opposite motion they can be hold up our truckers will realize a just
stick and if the
together, tree growsit to protect the severed body or branch, raised over slight obstacles. reward for their 'labors.
will do well when the
not as as roots about one hour after grafting follow While this contrivance more than It is reported that some of our grove
extended with This is
are care. very with a can of hot melted beeswax anda doubles the work a man can performin owners are about to plant some acres
The hole is i half filled with
simple. brush, and quickly paint over the a day, there is still much room of tobacco as an experiment differ-
earth form mound the
so as to a ; wound. Do not be afraid of havingthe for improvement, for the teeth clog, ent points around.
shovel handle is down in the
...... Driven wax too hot. It will cool quickly, the wheel catches the leaves and Shipping of fruit has not progressedvery

. centre, and on being withdrawn a not injure the tree and form a perfect sticks get between the spokes and largely, and as our fruit hangs
: hole is left and
deep sufficiently large protection. Wait an hour before applying stop it, and the sand very soon cuts well and does not rot on the trees like
admit the of the
deep to tap root tree; so that the sap or other moisture ,away the weak bearings. Many the low land fruit, and growers do not
then the lateral
roots are spread over will have time to evaporate from planters have various wheel hoes of feel disposed to ship at present prices,
the mound and the soil is lightly
is the stump, or the beeswax will not ad- their own make which are intendedto although there appears a tendency to
pressed. Heavy tramping not here perfectly. With a small oil obviate some of these difficulties. improvement in markets, that as the
the settles the dirt
necessary, as water stove the beeswax can be kept hot, or Some use a broad wooden roller, California crop has suffered so severely
the in As
keeps roots place. if you do not have a stove or do not which gets more bearing on the it is confidently hoped may
the in the basin has dis-
soon as water wish to take it around with you, put sand and has no spokes to clog. not only be sustained but continue to
appeared, the basin is covered with
the melled wax in a small can and Some enclose the whole thing in a
J loose soil; this will prevent evapora- place that in a larger can filled with wooden case, shaped like a torpedoor rise.At the volunteer station for the

tion, and also the tree from leaningover. Lot water. With a fire at a central turtle's back. Some attach a Weather Bureau the minimum registerof

Trees planted with these precautions point, hot water can easily be supplied, round shovel point in front, convex the thermometer was 30, but it
make the best and
growth and forty or fifty trees, if you are skill- side up, which serves both as a shieldto was only for a very short time it was
become the most thrifty. ful and expeditious, be treated with raise the leaves and also as a so low, as before sunrise it had risen

TOPPING THE TREES.When the one heating, then return to the. fire sweep to cut off tall, obstinate weeds several degrees.In .
r, tree is taken from the nursery the tops and heat again. which tne cultivators cannot manage. the flatwoods northeast from

4 should be cut back ; the branches I We think that this painting will be I Plants are set from June till November Eustis the mercury fell to 24, and

should be so cut that in starting they found more efficacious than a thick because then most of the strawberries in bloom and fruit suffered

will form a fine shaped head. Thisis coating of wax, for that is liable to slips are to be obtained. They can to some extent.It .

done because evaporation from the crack, and it is much more quicklyand be planted indiscriminately at what is also noticeable that groves and

leaves is rapid, and in many cases easily applied. With this treat. ever season the slips can be obtained.In nurseries on "scrub land" suffered and

where the tops are left on, causes the ment to all large wounds they will [ the first twelve to fifteen monthsthe seemed to take the cold to themselves,

circulation of the trees to dry, and heal perfectly. With four or five ground cannot be stirred too frequently and guavas near the scrub appear to

also the bark will shrivel before the grafts to a stump they will soon unite and enterprising growers do have been partially saved; but whetherby

roots have assumed> their natural and a tree be formed that will be this once a month, at least, in rainy the proximity 01! the scrub, your

functions. sound and show no signs of having weather. The second winter the plants correspondent offers no opinion. Butit

PLANTING SYSTEMS AND SOIL. been grafted. Try it if it meets with bloom and bear fruit the following is certain that while groves in scrub

The planting systems most commonin your approval.-Coast Gazette. spring and summer, and after the land suffered, those bordering the

use are the square, triangular and fruit crop sets, cultivation is difficultor scrub but on pine land were particularly -

quincunx. The square system is most Having:used Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup for the last impossible without doing damageto exempt from the effects of the

generally adopted, being the most few days deal,of to gratification I had a very I severe find it cold did which me a the plants. By this time they will cold. How can you account for this,
simple. In this the orchard is laid Jt t cured in a very few days. have obtained full development, and Mr. Editor? That all scrub lands are
ROBERTSON, the will be full of their Particularly liable to frost even when
off in lines crossing each other at right 139 Main Street, Lynchburg. ground so







high and dry and even almost arid, chill the little plants and they will turn necessary. Same treatment as for cab however strong and willing he may

whilst the adjoining lands of different white and crisp the leaves. Close up the bage. be. The man who knows how will
arboreal beds as the day begins to grow cool say SEEDS.-It is extremely bad policy to
growth are peculiarly exempt the side which he
begin on on wants
3 4 o'clock.
or cold seeds
Very nights cover buy from the village store; the
There is a chance for scientific theorists sash or canvas with straw or extra canvas chances are heavily against their l being{ the tree to fall; will dig down so as to

to ventilate their pet hobbies.H. or whatever is the most convenient. of any value. Send directly to responsible allow his ax to get at the tap root

W. O. MARGARY. CABBAGES. these were set early last dealers, of whom there are several then cut the tap-root at least half off,

Eustis. fall and acquired considerable growth, advertising in our columns.HOTBED. and go on the other side and repeat
The twig enclosed had tender leaves the long check given to them by the cold .-In the South the best planis the He will
and fruits weather since that keeping them dor- to make this on top of the ground. operation. not dig a
as large as peas wholly un than he needs work in
mant, may cause them to run to seed in Secure horse manure not over a month larger pit to
harmed.-ED. the spring without heading to amount to old, spread out a layer of it a foot or two nor cut more side roots than necessary -
anything. Director DePass'ez eriments wider all around tItan the frame is to be for the tree in falling will take
have shown that cabbage seed be and eighteen inches deep; then tramp it
may out side roots. The (for
some reason
FRl4ElJ1'l"] ] TleIEl\. sown with success up to the middle of hard. Add as much more and tramp.
March, and the plants protected from Build the frame to suit the size of your taking the "second growths" before
vermin as the hot weather comes on by Sash, though glass is not necessary in the "heart" trees is that it gives the
Work for February. spraying with Paris Green. Sow the this climate, for a covering of boards sappy stuff more time to dry.
)!A.\URE.-One of the greatest pests of seed in a hot-bed, keep it abundantly and old sacks will answer,to be removedin
the gardener in 'Florida is insects and watered (or a cold frame in a very warm, I the daytime. Make\ the frame a foot Next, if the ground is not already
vermin of many kinds. It is risky and sheltered place may answer), then remove lower on the south side than it is on the cluttered: up with fallen timber, undertake -
little less than foolish to experiment with the plants, after hardening off, to north side. Put six inches of rich mellow : the large trees, the ones with
any animal manure or even compost unless very rich soil and set an inch or two soil in it. Wait few days for the heart. Some smallish trees have
it has been subjected to a heat high first of weeds to then rake
deeper than they were in the hot bed, crop come up, heart and do
enough to kill all them down and seed. good some larger ones
germs beyond perad- especially if they are leggy. Avoid giv- plant your
venture. It is equally hazardous to use ing large applications of dry, unmixed A light sprinkle of first-class commercial not. The appearance of the tree will
cottonseed meal, blood and bone, dried cottonseed meal or blood and bone near fertilizer raked into the soil with the tell the experienced woodman. Heart

blood, etc., unless they are first composted the plants unless there is a great deal of seed will bring crops a week or ten days trees usually have .larger side roots.
and heated or else so thoroughly rain. earlier. But great care must be taken
The tree that has heart is more easily
mixed in the soil as not to leave: a mass not to let any of it touch the roots of I
CUCUMBERS, ETC.-Melons\ cucumbersand down by burning than by cutting.
anywhere large enough to become a freshly set plants. got
be in hot-
harbor for theso pests. We have seen squashes may now sown Dig under the tree on the side on
beds, though the plants crowd
them survive a temperature of 22 and before it is mfe to set them may out. some Still, Clearing Pine Land. which it is to fall until a part of the

keep right on cutting off cauliflower, there are ways of protecting seven\l hun- Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: taproot: is in sight, die more the bet-
onion and cabbage plants or boring into
their stems underground as if nothing dred lulls without a very great expense, Even in clearing off a piece of piney ter.: It is'well too to clear away
and earliness in these crops is of great woods there is best Here of the side
unusual had happened. Gardening with a way. area one large roots to
value. The plants will make roots
some complete commercial fertilizer is even few that had been the fire. But
if they are not growing much in tops. suggestions they give draught to on some
much the most satisfactory, though even made the writer earlier in life worker after
To sow these seeds in the hot-bed, unsolder to trees the mining among
this will scorch tho if :
young plants condensed milk cans in the fire, might have saved him some work : the roots for an hour or two, will be,
placed too close to them without being
thoroughly mixed with the soil; but if removing both ends, and tie a string In the first place, make up your glad to quit when he has exposed a
the gardener's means do not warrant around the can to hold it together. Plant mind to do the work once for all. A bit of the taproot as .large'as his hand.
two or three seeds in it about an inch
. the expenditure, he can do very well deep, keep well moistened and set these sapling stump will last a year or two, When there are large dead trees, or

with CoMPOST.-Good composts carefully made cans in the hot-Led. Neat pasteboard a second growth say six years, and a trees with light wood in the top, it is

as follows: Haul compost good hardwood can or cylinders will answer as well as the cans; lightwood stump half a century or well to take them first, as they will
these may be made to be fastened together It is less work take the the others and the
cypress pond niuck and throw into the with tongues and slits. When more. to give fuel to use on ,
stable;let the animals stand on it and planted in the ground these cans can be stumps when you take the trees thanto amount of work required in burningtrees

stamp and paw it over until it is mixed removed and the plants in their cylinders take them afterwards. Where one down depends greatly on the
about half and half with and well '
wetted with Urine.Take three manure cartloads of of earth set out solid. For field culture can know far enough ahead, it is, of supply of good fuel. In burning

this and mix it with 200 pounds of soft it is better to plant melon and cucumber course, a saving ot labor to deaden down a tree, a big fire built against
seeds in the .
hills where
phosphate and 100 pounds of cottonseed they are the trees and cut down the saplings.A the tree avails nothing. Whatis
to and the ground is too cold yet
meal and wet it down with water in which for this in North Florida. It will doubt year is the least time that can inter needed is a hot fire againstthe

is-dissolved twenty-five pounds of high- less be warm enough before the end of vene between this and the final clearing tap root. Start a small fire
grade sulphate of potash. Let it get hot
enough to destroy !insect germs, but stir Febmary.ONIONS.. up. In that time most sapling of fat pine against the tap root.

it before it gets so hot as to "fire.fang." .-If not already done thin out stumps will have rotted so as to knock When it is going well put in the

The stirring will have to be repeated sev- and transplant these at once; set the off easily below plow depth, and the end of a large stick of good wood,
directly of fertilizer
plants over a
eral TOMATOES.times. is drilled in and well mixed. The onion trees be lighter to handle and easierto the fatter the better, some small
very important to little burn and their smaller roots decayed stuff may be needed against the
have tomato plants set out early in the roots so laterally that it is not so -I tap
season to secure something like a crop worth while to fertilize the whole surface.As as not to bother the plow. Butif I. root to keep the large stick burning.But .

before the rainy comes on to blight them.If soon as the plants become well established there is much less than a year between it is right against the tap root and

they are properly hardened up before run a very light furrow close to deciding to clear and startingthe nowhere else that a hot fire is needed.
them with Plant Jr.
a wheelhoe, strew in
being endure removed a considerable from the frost hotbed with they will a sprinkle of sulphate of potash and plow, it does not pay to deaden This burning off of the tap root will

nity. Hardy, stocky plants may even impu be cover. trees oi cut the saplings. It is the take a day or two, depending muchon

white with hoar frost and not be seriously HARDY VEGETABLES.-For rutabagas, writer's experience that deadening is the wind, the perseverance of the

injured if the sun does not strike them. turnips, beets,radishes and lettuce, make best done early in summer. fireman and the goodness of the
They will turn purple with the cold and the drills about an inch deep and two or When the time is limited the first' fuel. The more abundant the supplyof
stand still for a while as to tops, but their three rows about eight inches apart, witha
roots are all the while making substantial path two or three feet wide between step in clearing up is to grub all the fuel the more trees one man will

progress, and as soon as the weather each strip{ or belt of three rows. Soak oak and other hard-wood under tend. Usually when the tap root is

warms up they are ready to go on rap- beet seed twenty-four hours in warm growth. When this is done the first off, sometimes before, the tree will

idly. water and plant one and a half inches thing it is more likely to be cleanly fall. If not, then some side roots

In South Florida the seed may be sown deep. Plant peas six inches deep; cover done than if l left until the ground is must be cut. The advantage of burn ,
in a cold frame, but in North Florida a at first with two inches of soil, then
hotbed will pay in the gain of time, and sprinkle along on the rows sulphate of littered with tree-tops. When done ing off the tap root is not merely thatit

it should be made at once. Have a rich, potash ((50 per cent.) at the rate of 400 first, too, the grub roots have timeto is the least labor, it is also that it

fine soil on hotbeds such as can be gathered pounds per acre. Then add two inches dry before fire is put in, and muchof leaves a stump that can be handled,

along the branches usually called more of soil. Unless peas are planted the litter comes handy in the final and that the tree in falling takes out
made.dirt. Put on four or five inchesof deep and liberally supplied with potash
of its side
this with ashes, mixed with soil, firma they will "fire" and,be a failure ill most burning off. Next cut the sapling at least part roots.
little by tramping if soil is not too wet, soils of Florida. Firm the soil thoroughlyover pines below plow depth. This is less If there are stumps to take out pro-

then mark off a few rows four inches all kinds of seeds with roller or back work than it looks, as there are few ceed as in taking down the trees with

apart the short way of bed and aboutone of spade or by tramping if necessary. side roots and the soft tap-root cuts file; get at the tap root and keep the
inch deep. Sow at the rate of 250 Cabbagecollards or cauliflowers shouldbe The lie fire against that. These old stumps
easily. saplings can as they
seeds to six feet row, cover with soil by set 3x3 feet for small varieties, 3x4 for
dragging back of rake over bed, then large ones. Lettuce, mustard, and other fall, leaving the piling of them until are best left to the very last as the

with back of spade pat firm, put on sashor greens, 2x2. Mustard is a good feed for later, when they are partly dry and supply. of fuel is then most abundant.

canvas and keep thermometer up to cows; it grows rapidly and rankly; cows lighter. Saplings, whether green or The trees down and all old stumps

seventy-five to eighty degrees. In fouror like it and it does not affect the flavor of not. don't burn well, and when piled i burned, the next step is to take off

five days the plants will be up, then the milk when given in reasonable feeds. must be made the trunks all 1 whatever timber is to be used for fencing
watch closely that the thermometer don't All these plants should be watered in the
gq above ninety, and rarely above eighty, hill and shaded fora week after planting. one way. saw logs, cord wood, charcoal,
and below fifty at night. Set a thermometer Palmetto leaves answer very well for Next, take the "second growth"trees etc. This done, the clearing of the

in the bed with bulb or lower end shading. the ones of little heart, of from ground begins.: The way to do this

set in the soil two or three inches, facingthe C.AUUFLo""ER.-This is far more deli- 9 to 14 inches diameter on the stump.If depends on the weather and the time

sun. When the glass begins to sweat cious than cabbage and can be grown possible, get a mah who knows how available. If there is no hurry, let
the beds need ventilating by pushing a nearly as easily. A very rich soil and an
sash a little. Be careful on cold days, as abundance of water-not standing water, to take these out; one who has no experience the tops lie until a dry, windy time,
too much cold air admitted at once will but a constantly repeated supply-are will make slow work at first, then put in fire. This greatly lessensG6




the weight of what has finally to be "bunches to tassel" is the time when I little to destroy the grass in the drill. Poultry
piled in heaps to burn. Plenty of nature makes every effort to reproduceitself. Plow out the middles with a good ,
time is a great lessener of labor in the It is then that the tops grow turning plow. Three weeks from date -- - -
Edited E. W. Fla.
by AMSDEN Ormond
clearing uj? of rubbish. In good I slowly or slower than they did until of second plowing give it the third
weather two partly dry logs rolled to this :tage of development is reached, and last plowing, very shallow with a How to Make Money With Capons.
gether will burn, but with green logs and the roots begin to spread in every sweep. Your corn is then laid by in I receive letters from
and unfavorable weather the log heap direction, in order to meet that period gbod condition.In people livingin
of the Western States in
must be large and well built to burn. when the plant suddenly shoots into using fertilizer it is best to mix many
The small stuff that does not get on tassel and begins to ear. To mutilatethe one-half cotton seed meal with any which they state that it is an easy
the log heaps can be raked up in roots at this time must result in standard guano. That is the formulawe matter for them to buy cockerel chicks
four months old from
heaps and burned last. The conditions small, imperfect ears, commonly called used. from two to ten
under which the work is done "nubbins," with more cob than grain, This was in Escambia county. The. to fifteen cents each, and in some
will, of course, govern. If time is and grain improperly developed, and editor of the Free Press states that he cases lower. One man wrote me
that he could thou-
plenty, a year or more, the first step, cob unfilled with grain and covered visited the field in company with sev- from Texas buy
each. With such
as stated, is to deaden trees and cut with shuck. Uniformity and normalor eral gentlemen, and they all agreed sands for five cents
down saplings. If the time is very natural growth of cob, grain and that the yield would be fifty bushelsper facts existing, certainly opens an
field for
short and the piece to be cleared shuck must be the object of the farmerin acre. The Cloptons were am- immense a very profitable
in these cockerelsand
small, it may be best to haul off every- order to obtain the best results. It bitious and planted for seventy-five business, buying
of them for market.If .
thing instead of burning it on the would appear, therefore, that if work- bushels per acre, but the drouth making capons
ground, but this is wasteful of potashas ing corn and mutilating the roots, at which prevailed in West Florjda re such an opportunity existed to
well as of time. The points to observe a period when such results follow, duced the yield.Fertilizers. buy birds at the prices named, I
are that everything in pine, .even if the corn is in the grass, shouldbe r would give up my St. Bernards,.
whether green or dry that has good discontinued. And if workingcorn That Will ,Last. Berkshires, strawberries, together with
heart, will .burn out easier than it will so late produces a condition favoring Mr. Bielby, in his remarks on fertilizers all my farming, and devote my whole
grub out, and that the tap-root is the the weevil it farther appears for orange groves, said opinions time to collecting these birds, capon-
point of attack. I have not here that the custom ought to be abandoned. differ very widely on the proper kindsto izing them and feeding for market.It .
treated of the burning of stumps by These are the only facts I adduce andI be used. He still believed in min. would be a very easy matter for
boring a hole through them and put- here suggest them in the hope that the eral fertilizers, as sulphate of potash, me to make a profit of one dollar a
ting in kerosene, nor of blowing up thoughtful farmer may duly weigh bone phosphate and sulphate of am- bird.Bought
with dynamite. These are species of them and with me co-operate in test- monia. He applied all on the surface. in July, it would not cost
fancy farming, well enough for amuse- ing them.Fla.. Ex. Sta. Bulletin, He would use everything available, me over fifty cents each to feed until
ment. Good, old-fashioned, red fire No. 16. including stable manure and .even February, with corn worth one dollar
t with fat pine accompaniment, is sufficient f-4 muck, but thought "sawgrass muck"not and sixty cents a hundred pounds at
k for practical use. Cassava Queries. very profitable hauling. He that. But it is impossible for me to
JUD PIERCE. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: thought the secret of the results with buy such birds here in any number,
Spring Hill,Mobile Co.,Ala.,Jan 13, 1892. I would like to say to the many muck was in what additions they madeto and the few I do find cost from
e parties whose letters of inquiry con the composts of other fertilizers. twenty-five to fifty cents each. Evenat
Fodder-Pulling Favors the Weevil cerning the planting, fertilizing, cul- Tobacco stems gave good results in these figures I buy all that I can
I observed last year and this that tivating, digging and feeding cassava, his neighborhood. Groves fed on find, and make a very satisfactory
the corn unaffected with weevil was that I have received, that I will writean tankage (blood and bone) looked profit.
perfect in its development. That is, article for publication in the FARMER well; when fed on bone meal they People living near the large citiesof
the cob was uniformly filled out to AND FRUIT-GROWER soon, in whichI looked still better. Stable manure the West are particularly well
'' the end small will all their in used fresh the surface is ben- these cockerels
whether or large, with answer questions on very located to buy up young -
well matured grains and that the full. The most important question (to eficial. Ammonia from fish producedthe caponize them, grow them up
shuck covered the entire ear, adher me) asked in these letters, they will best growth. He strongly advocated to large capons, and as they visit these
ing closely to it and extending beyond find answered in the "Cent-a-word col the use of raw phosphate rock.It cities from day to day they can look
firmly, closing around the end and umn." < CHAS. F. MAY. is slow at first, but its effects last around and get the very top price for
thus protecting it. I noticed further Eustis, Lake Co., Fla. for years. He believes in fertilizingthis their capons. They would frequentlybe
that the pulling of fodder had the year for years to come, not the able to supply places with a few
effect of. causing the shuck to loosenon Good Pine Land Corn. "hand to mouth" method for this year pair each at as high a price as twenty-
the ear and as this is usually done In response to an inquiry by the only, and thinks lime on land where five cents a pound.. But no matter
before the grain was too hard for the Alliance editor of the Marion Free grass grows would be valuable, and whether they live near cities or not,
weevil to pierce it for egg deposit, it Press as to their plan of cultivatingcorn that sulphate of potash is preferableto if they would buy up several thou-
suggested to me that fodder pullingwas the Clopton Brothers, of Brent, the ammoniated potash, because of sand of the youpg cockerels that are
possibly a fruitful cause in assist- write the following: the chlorine in the latter. offered for fifteen cents, or such num-
ing the weevil into getting into corn. Yours of the i3th to hand ; will .. bers as they can care for, and proceedto
For the pulling of fodder exposesthe comply with your request as near as STATE OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO, }) SSe caponize them, and then feed them
ear to the sun and causes the possible. LUCAS COUNTY, until they have matured, they can
shuck to loosen on it, thus making it First-Break your land with shovel, FRANK L. CHENEY makes oath that then kill and dress them, and forwardto
easier for the weevil to find its way to broadcast and harrow close to pulverize he is the senior partner of the firm of our large Eastern markets, where
the grain. Again fodder pulling, the clods. F. J. CHENEY & Co., doing businessin they will find a quick and ready sale.
done at the time it usually is, before Second-Layoff your rows five feet the City- of Toledo County and They will get from eighten to twenty
the stock and ear are matured does apart, and run back in the furrowsthe State aforesaid, and that said firm will cents a pound for birds, when the
result in preventing the shuck from second time with shovel plow. pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED ordinary chicken is selling for ten to
adhering naturally to the ear and Use 500 pounds of fertilizer to the DOLLARS for each and every case twenty cents, and they not only make
thus nature's protection of the grain acre, only using half before planting of Catarrh that cannot be cured by'the this gain in price, but will also makea
from its enemies is seriously interfered Third-Distribute 250 pounds in use of HALL'S CATARRH CURE. gain in the weight of the bird of
with. That the shuck serves as sucha the rows and throw four( furrows backon FRANK J. CHENEY. two to four pounds, according to the
protection and is for that purpose, it with shovel plow. At the proper Sworn to before me and subscribedin bird.
scarcely any one will doubt. If. this time for planting, about the loth of my presence, this 6th day of December In the West, where corn and grainis
be true, therefore, it becomes a March, open' the rows with small A. D. 1886. plenty and cheap, the cost of grow.
matter of the first importance to cul- shovel plow; drop the corn about '-A"" ing the bird must be very light, as all
tivate corn upon such methods as will eighteen inches apart, aid cover witha { SEAL } A. W. GLEASON, they require is corn, with some boneto
.. produce the best results. And if corn board. .| Notary Public. strengthen their legs.Many .
is cultivated so as to produce the Fourth When the corn is large Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter farmers in the State of Iowaare
heaviest grain and its natural and enough to plow, run around it with a nally and acts directly upon the blood doing this very same thing, and
most perfect development, then it is tongue scooter close and deep, then and mucous surfaces of the system. they write me they are making" more
reasonable to suppose that this con- apply the balance of the fertilizer on Send for testimonials, free.F. money with poultry than ever efore.V .
dition will protect it more thoroughly each side of the row, and throw two J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. \ th such tools to do the work as can
against its enemies, if not entirely. furrows with a shovel to cover the JCSfSold Druggists, 75 cents.ForMalaria be procured at the present day, it becomes
Whether there is anything in this fertilizer, and let stand until the next S4 a very simple matter to capon-
theory remains to be seen. I am sure plowing. Just three weeks from date Liver Trou- ize, and a farmer can caponize a
of this, however, that the working of will be the time for plowing again. cockerel as easily as he can castrate a
corn as late as the common custom is Use a half-winged sweep about twenty ble,or Indigestion,use pig.-GEO. Q. Dow, in American
must be an injury. For when the corn inches, with the right wing turned a BROWN'S IRON BITTERS Poultry Journal.




CONTENTS: growers ought to have supplied twelve acres) on the line of his road, chieflyin initiation hostile of organizations controling stock, in the handsof

more, namely: Olives, capons, spring three counties. He makes the start- Resolved, 1st. That in view of the

MARKKTISO' -Seeking the Consumers; 63 i lamb, ribs of beef, turkey, spinach, ling assertion that the growers of the peninsula foregoing facts and also on account of
A Trust Needed; 64 the great monetary depression now prevailing -
OEOTK ASD ORCHARD-Protoplasm; Maltese Blood asparagus, veal chops, rice, bananas, cannot compete in evaporated upon the low prices received for
Orange;frost In California; Planting Orange figs and cheese. Some of these, suchas peaches with California, and last sum the fruit crop, it is not expedient to sub-
Tree; 64 scribe toward the building of a line of
Grafting and Pruning; 63 turkey, spinach, rice, bananas and mer they could not compete in green steamships.2d. .

THE PI' Pineapple Culture-No.4:The Scrub fig, are produced in the State, but not peaches with the Western States any- That if the Florida Fruit Exchangewill
Caught: 63 charter a line of suitable ships and
FARMER: AXD TRt'cKn-Work for February;ClearIng in sufficient quantity and of a high where west of Cleveland. From thisit and thereby reduce the rates of freight

the Land; 66 enough quality to command the mar- would appear that the dreaded peach and provide better and safer means of
Fodder-Pulling Favors the Weevil; Cassava transportation, we whose names are
evil it
is unmixed that
kets. yellows not an ;
Queries: Good Pine Land Corn; Fert'liters hereto subscribed do pledge the whole of
That Will Lwt; 67 i is simply carrying off a surplus of trees our produce and freight to this line goingto
POOLTRT How to Hake Money With Capons: 67 We return our acknowledgementsto which had ceased to be profitable.But and coming from eastern markets.3d. .
EDiroRiAL-Notea; For the Fast Mall: Peach Yellows Mr. L. Q. Kermode, of Gulf That we desire that the Florida
; The tine Art of Packing; To Take the it will behoove the Florida Fruit Exchange shall charge 10 insteadof
FIeld;Tl1mmh.g Horse-High; C8 Hammock, for a box of choice Navels 8 cent. commission upon their
look well it that this disease per
to to -
MARKETS-For Florida Produce 69 growers
: and Tangerines and samples of tobacco sales, provided that the overplus or
Auction Sales: 69 and also the rosette, a peach disease such amount of it as may be requisiteshall
OCR YOUNG FOLKS Soldier and Newsboy Meet; 70 and cigars. The Navels were a trifle
Pecans; TO in Georgia, are not allowed to be applied to the payment of a
tart for Florida, something like the salaried agent of the Exchange in each
OUR RURAL HOME-Saving the Strength/ : Care of
cross over the line into this State. county whose duty it shall be to watch
the Skin Fruit Fo.xl as a Disease -
; as ; Criminality California fruit ; not overgrown, as
; Specks Before the Eyes;Change of Ac- An elaborately illustrated bulletin issued over consignments; communicate the
tion Better Tnan Rest; Beefsteak-Fried; 71 this variety usually is ; seedless and inspections to the Exchange and per-
THE FARMERS ALLIANCE-What ,the Third Party by the Division of Pathology, form such other work as may promote
with little an elegant
Wants;Does Money Make:: the Man? 72 extremely "rag ; U. S. of Agriculture the interests of the patrons! of the Exchange -
Department ,
Limits to the Grant of Free Passes; The Reactionary after-dinner fruit. Some of the ; and we do most earnestly rec-
People's Party;' Six Thousand Miles shows experiments in in
; by numerous ommen the adoption of this plan.
Hammock tobacco has been
of Idle Railroad; 73 Gulf
oculation that it was proven that both At a subsequent meeting the third
pronounced by ? high authority as
STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. these diseases are contagious. Florida resolution was reaffirmed and its scope
of Sumatra Be that
P. O.Address, Lawtey Fla. being a type. as
has not a superfluity of trees with somewhat enlarged.This .
it may, the style and quality of the
The.severe cold in the North makes leaf are fine ; the cigars, though which to feed the malady as Dela is a move in the right direc-

orange prices very weak again. crudely made, burning evenly and ware and Maryland have. tion, and is probably the only course

> i with a persistent glow (over four min- .. left open to the Exchange in the line
A in Ohio he plants The Fine Art'of Packing.In .
grower says utes), a nearly white ash_ which flakes of a bolder policy than hitherto, sinceit
Kieffers along the road to protect his connection with the suggestionof
but little and that strictly at the tip, is now too late in the season to at- .
pear orchards. When predatory boys of half boxes and quarter-boxes for tempt the construction of central
and an aroma a mellow and sooth
get a taste of the Kieffer they will go oranges in Col. Harvey's able articleon packing houses.
richness which is
ing to our taste,
no further. But they know better in superior to the peppery quality of the another page, we copy a few lineson We beg to suggest to the directorsof

Georgia; a company in that State is genuine Havana. French packing from a letter in the Fruit Exchange, if they should

said to be planting 50,000 Kieffer the current number of the Fruit Trade decide to act upon this request of the

trees. For the Fast Mail.It Journal: Kissimmee growers, that they will

Our correspondent'" Mr. H. W. O. is earnestly to be hoped that the A box to hold two, occasionally three find it advisable not to appoint local
authorities in Washington will"not, ina layers; for choice pears one layer; a
Margary, Eustis, sends us mango layer of paper cuttings(save your scraps, residents as the agents at points where
leaves which the cold spell left wholly mistaken spirit of economy, cut off: sir!), a sheet of clean white paper and a they may conclude to undertake this
layer of assorted ; then a sheet of
the present fast mail service to Florida pears
uninjured (the mango is extremely white, a thin layer of cuttings, another active supervision. The reasons for
and Cuba. A loss of twelve hours in sheet of white, a layer of pears same this action will be obvious amoment's
tender), while another one, Mr. S. W. upon
number as below, a sheet of white and
the delivery of the mail (which the
Carson, of Polk county, says that at enough,: left at each end to fold over the reflection, and.the neces-
Midland tender lemon sprouts, toma- night intervening would make practically length of the box, a layer of cuttings, sity for it is emphasized by the historyof
double ends of white sheet, and so
twenty-four) would be a over
toes and cassava are untouched, and form a pad between fruit and lid and some other fruit growers' associa-
back to the business of the whole nail Mark number on end of had -
cane and trumpet lilies are in bloom. up. one tions which have more experience
box 40, 50, 60, etc., as be the case.
... State. There hundreds of tons may field than the Fruit Exchange
in the -
Straw is much used in France but
The Riverside Press says, in speak of small articles of merchandise sent cuttings are cleaner and cooler. paper has. Such a precaution would

of the cold in California in the mails from the North which the
ing spell : This is substantially the system in not in the least reflect upon the

Ranches lately irrigated went people who send for them want to receive use among our Waldo peach growers. growers, but would be the dictate of

through the cold week better than with the greatest possible promptness. 5.-- a sound business policy based upon

those in the immediate neighborhoodwhich To a simple letter-writer a To Take the Field. human nature the world over.

were in need of irrigation." matter of twenty-four hours, more or The Kissimmee Leader gives a pre- Trimming. Horse-high.. .

This may not refer particularly to less, is of little moment one way or amble and resolutions adopted by a Lower branches perform a valuable

orange trees, but is a valuable pointer.We the other; but to a busy man of affairs, meeting of the orange growers of Osce- service to the tree, especially such

have one of equal value in our own whose whole business machinery may ola county, with A. Iverson, Presidentand trees as grow in very moist climates or

State, where a grove of fine, healthytrees be more or less blocked while he is C. A. Carson, Secretary. The in situations where they are exposedto

protected by a lake, in Clay awaiting a reply to, a letter, it may be paper was prepared by J. M. Bryan vided high invariably wind. Young with trees long are lower pro

county, was estimated to have a thousand of the utmost importance, and a delayof and is as follows: branches, which have two purposes :

boxes of oranges on it ; but dur- a few hours may cause him much WHEREAS, It is of the utmost importance first, to check evaporation from the
that immediate steps be taken for
ing the drouth last summer they all vexation and loss. Thousands of the better and cheaper transportation of ground immediately about the stems

dropped off from lack of-irrigation. tourists coming from the North drag Florida fruits, vegetables and other produce of the trees, and then by keeping the
and weight of the branches near
On the opening day the Ponce de behind them a lengthening chain, and WHEREAS, The present transportation the base of the tree to enable it to
every additional hour that it takes companies refuse cheap rates and neglect withstand lateral from
Leon offered a sumptuous bill of fare, safe means of conveyance for perishable severe pressure
them to hear from "home" is a great andWHEREAS wind. Such trees as they grow naturally -
consisting of 54 distinct dishes or aggravation. Thfe proposed plan of build- in the forest become"crowded, and

articles. Of all these Florida, it is ing a number of suitable steamships to the lower branches being deprived of

safe to assert supplied twelve be owned and operated for and by the light cease growing and graduallydie
only Peach Yellows.I. people of Florida is open to the objectionthat ,
namely : Green turtle, crabs, tomatoes N. Mills, for many years superintendent the stock of a company formed for and fall off, being no longer
be and diverted needed for the welfare of the- tree
such purposes can ughlup ,
radishes red ..of the Delaw division of
snapper, green
by other transportation lines and which is protected by its neighborsfrom
peas, new potatoes, sweet potatoes, the Maryland aud Delaware Railroad, other capitalists to their own advantage evaporation from the surface of

terrapin, partridge (quail), lettuce and in a recent letter, states that there are and WHEREAS to the detriment, No safeguard of shippers will be, and suffi- the soil and from the sweep of the

oranges. In addition to these Florida 9,800,000 bearing peach trees (93,333 cient to prevent such diversion and accu wind.

_. w



A specimen tree growing by itself I 4.00 to 5.00 per bbl.; poor or heated, 1.50to tomatoes 75; cents a ]pound. Among the 1 r r Same, Jan. 27: .
with all its lower branches 2.00. Strawberries iu light supply and luxuries exhibited just now are the Gross Tangerines.:.. .. .. .. 3.50 to'n 0.001 0-:::
preserved in good demand, at 75 to 1.00 per quart. Coleman grapes, imported from England t Grape fruit. . ... .. . 1.80
is in very much the same condition, Lettuce and strawberries_ should be ship- and grown there in hothouses. They are i I Bright;. . . . .. .. 80 to 1.50
so far as protection is concerned as ped all rail express, other vegetables, A. shipped to this country packed in saw Russet . . . .. .. 83 to 1.20
the same tree growing in the midst ofa C. D. all rail. dust. These grapes are very large, but Culls and drops... .. eo. . .15 to .75
dense forest and entirely destitute of REDFIELD & SON. are not equal to the hothouse grapes of NEW YORK.
sell in small at
branches for a height perhaps of fifty America. They a way Sgobf & Day for F. F. E., Jan. 19:
the other luxuries
CHICAGO, Jan. 23.; 2.50 a pound. Among halves..1.85 2.15to
orsixty feet. That this is true appears Oranges-Calif oinia Seedlings, per of the week are Rhode Island strawberries Tangerines Navels ., . . .. .. . 2.30
from the fact that if all its neighborsare box, 1.65 to 2.25; California Navels, per grown in hothouses,retailing at 4.00
Fancy. . . . . . 1.20 1.85
cut from about a tree which box, 3.50 to 3.75; Florida Grape fruit,, a box, 12 berries in a box. There is but
away Bright . . .. . .. .70 to 2.00
has grown in a dense forest, it will per box, 2.00 to 2.25: ; do., do., per bbl.,, little sale for such luxuries.. Russet . . . .. .. .1.05 to 1.70
4.00 to 5.00; do. Tangerines, y2 cases,, Florida oranges are in large supply.
soon perish from exposure to the sun, '2.50 to 3.00; do. Mandarins, Y2 cases, 1.75; Indian river oranges, rough skinned, sell Same, Jan. 21, 3,000 boxes:
or will succumb to the first severe to 2.75; do. choice, per box, 176, 2.30 to at 25; cents a' dozen; Navel! oranges 50 Tangerines, halves..1.05
gale. It is more important to check 2.60; do., fair, per box, 1.85 to 2.00; Russets cents to 1.00 a dozen; Mandarins and Mandarins, halves' . . 70
Grape fruit . . .. . 70 to 1.80
fair, box, 176, 2.10 to 2.33. Tangerines; from 23;; to 40 cents a dozen.
evaporation from the surface immediately Pineapples per-Perdoz., fair to good,2.00to ( Mediterranean lemons 20 cents a dozen. Fancy. . . ... . .. 1.50 to 2.00
about the trunk of a tree thanit 3.00. Cuban bananas retail at 20 and;:; centsa Bright . . . . .. 1.35 to 2.25
is. to cultivate the ground. Trees String Beans-Florida, bu. l>ox, 3.00 to dozen. West India sugar pineapples Russet . .. . .. . .. 1.03;; to 1.80

feed only through the ends of their 3.50; Louisiana, greenbu.. box, 1.75; 20 and 23;:; cents. Malaga grapes cost 20 Same, Jan. 22, average $1.61.

roots, which extend laterally as far or to 2.23.; ; do., waxbu.. box, 2.00 to and 23;:; cents a pound, and Catawbas 23; Fancy: . .. . . ... 1.63 to 2.40
2.50. and 30 cents for five-pouud baskets. Bright . .. . . . 1.20 to 1.85
further from the trunk than the
Tomatoes-California, 4 grape baskets,, The supply of Southern vegetables is Russet . . : .. . .. 1.10 to 1.80
branches. The place to cultivate a 1.50 to 2.50; Florida, }< -bu. box, .50 to is quite abundant. Florida tomatoes, Same, Jan. 23, average 1.15.

tree is outside the spread of the .75; Key West, 10-lb. boxes,, .75:; to 1.23. grown outdoors, cost 30 cents a quart, Tangerines, halves . .. 1.20

branches, and not beneath them. Egg Plant-Per doz., Southern, choice, and ripe tomatoes from Cuba 35 cents a Mandarins ... . .. ;.2.25
The removal, therefore, of the lower I! 2.50 to3.00: ; per doz., Southern, medium, quart. Green peppers from Florida 60 Mandarins, halves . .. 1.05
branches is barbarous 1.50 to 2.00. cents a dozen, Southern string beans 20 Lemons . .. . .. .. .. 1.45
a practice, : cents a quart, spinach 30 cents a peck, Navels .. .. . .. .._ ... 2.00
which destroys their beauty and sometimes ST. Louis, Jan. 23.;:; and green okra from Cuba 75 cents a Fancy. . .. . .. .. .. . 1.60 to 2.55
seriously threatens their exis Oranges-A larger demand and a steady I i hundred, celery 15 and 20 cents bunch, Bright. . . .. .. .. 40 to 1.60
tence.-Garden and Forest. market at unchanged prices. About.ali I Florida egg plants 35 and 40 cents each, Russet . .. . .. ... .. .70 to 1.45
the held-over orders were cleaned up, } Delaware sweet potatoes 30 cents a peck, Same, Jan. 26:

but the new orders were large. We Brussels sprouts 15 and 20 cents a quart, Navels .. . .. ...... .. 2.10
]7VI&r1ets. quote: Mexican, per box, 2.23 to 2.50; native white onions 15 cents and red ones Fancy. . . ..O'O' .... 1.30 to 2.10
Florida, extra fancy, 2.25 to 2.50: do., 5 and 10 cents a quart. The new crop Bright . .. . .. . 1.15 to 1.70
russets per box, 2.00andarins; per 3- of Cuban onions are retailing in the mar- Russet . .. . .. .. 1.00 to 1.60
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN. box, 2.75 to 3.00; Tangerines, per J -hox, ket at 20 cents a, quart. The above are Mandarins, halves .. . 35
JACKSONVILLE, Jan. 26. 3.00 to 3.25. all retail prices.-Am. Cult. ,.
The situation to-day is more discouraging Grape Fruit-Light offerings and a fair CHICAGO.
than at any time during the entire demand at 2.73 to 3.00 per lOx. ORANGES IN SAN FRANCISCO. Barnett Bros. for F. F. E., Jan. 18:

season. Weather frightfully cold, prices Egg Plant-Light offerings, fair de- The local market is very dull. Receipts Bright .. .. . . . 1.60 to 2.45
low and very slight prospects for an early mand at 2.50 to 3.00: per doz. have been heavy, both by steamer and (Average" 2.02.)

improvement.Much New Cucumbers-Very little demand, rail; as high as seven carloads in a single Russet. eo. .. . . .. 1.55 to 2.05
fruit is now showing the frost selling in a small way at 1.75 per doz. day have come to hand. The past two (Average 1.87.) fj f
signs and, receipts being quite heavy, New Southern Tomatoes -Light offer- days'. receipts have been light. Stocksare BOSTON.
markets: are somewhat demoralized. ings and demand at 40 to 70c. perbu.. in excess of trade requirement, good
.We do not feel capable quoting box, and 50 to 75c. for Havana per peck fruit selling slowly at low prices, being Blake & Ripley for F. F. E., Jan. 19: ,,
prices; averages have barely ranged$1.75 held down by the flood of windfalls, Mandarins\ halves r. .. 1.75 1
during past week. box.A foreign fruit dealer: "Thenumber of frosted and otherwise poor fruit. River- Navels . .O'' .. . .. 3.87 to 4.12 J
Under these conditions we would recommend telegrams I get from Florida abqut or- side Navels are quoted at 2.75 to 3.25 per Grape fruit. . .. :. .. .1.GO to 2.00 (
lighter shipments until further on which the charges come collect, box: Seedlings, 1.75 to 2.00; Los:: Angeles; Lemons. . .. .. . .. ..1.37 *1
notice. anges is enough to make a man swear loud Navels, 1.75 to 2.50; Los Angeles Seed- Bright . .. ... .. .GO to 2.62 g
and deep. One asks how much I will lings, 1.00 to 1.50. Shipments to outside Russet; . .. . .. . .. .50 to 2.37 J

NEW YORK, Jan. 23. advance on a car choice brights with $1.- points are beginning to attract more at- Same, Jan 22, 2,830 boxes, average i
Receipts oranges for the week closing 35: charges. Another wants to know if I tention. From Riverside, January 7th, $1.80: J
to-day aggregated 73,000 boxes. Owingto will advance a dollar a box on a car fine 100 carloads, or about 28,600 boxes, Navels.. . . .:. .. 3.87 to 4.00 {fl
heavy receipts there is a slight declinein fruit on track-$1.15 charges, while an- have gone forward. There is no use trying Mandarins, halves..2.37 J
the market, choice Brights, selected other wants to sell me car russets-$1.00 to disguise the fact that the fruit cropof II Bright . . .. . . 1.25 to 2.50 }]
sizes, selling at 2.00 to 2.25; straight charges. I am out at least $20 on this sort Southern California has beeen seriously Russet. . .. .. .. .". 1.30 to 2.05 J t
lines, 2.00; Russets, selected sizes, 1.62J of business. I know I am a 'chump' for injured by frost. Frozen oranges Tangerines, halves..3.37 'I
to 1.75; straight lines, 1.50; Navels, fancy, paying any of them. I should let themgo and lemons are arriving on this market' Grapefruit.. .. .. .. 2.37 JPHILADELPHIA.
3.00 to 4.00; Tangerines, 3.00 to 4.50; back to the senders. I don't mind daily. Without doubt a considerable 1

Mandarins, 2.50 to 3.50; Grape fruit, per furnishing information free to those par- quantity of fruit has been rendered un E. Roberts for F. F. E., Jan. 18: J

barrel, 2.50 to 3.50; boxes, 1.50 to 2.00. ties, but I do object to paying for the merchantable. The weather was most Maltese\ Ovals. eo . . 1.70 I

The market on vegetables continues privilege of doing so. These Florida tel- unusual. Nursery stock and young trees, Bright: . .. . .. .. .1.55 to 2.10 J
firm, string beans selling at 2.50 to 3.50; egrams are rarely less than a dollar and as well as tender shoots, have bean seri- II
Russet . . . .. eo. .1.55to2.00
peas, 1.50 to 4.00; cucumbers,2.50 to 4.00; frequently much over that on ten words.P. ously injured, the damage running into I
tomatoes, 1.50 to 2.50; beets, 1.50 to 1.75; M. KlELY & Co. thousands of dollars.-California Fruit Same, Jan. 19:
lettuce, 3.00 to 4.00 per bbl.; egg plant, Mandarins\ . .. .. .. 1.30 I
5.00 to NEW YORK, Jan. 26. Grower.A TIP TO POMELO GROWERS. Lemons. . . .. .:. ...2.40 I
10.00.PALMER RIVENBURG & Co. and Fruit-Grower. Bright . .. .. :. .. .. .1.05 to 1.90 I
Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: Editor Farmer Russet. . ..'.. .. .. ..1.40 to 1.80 '
The orange market is low, owing to From all that I can see and hear the
PIIILADELPIIIA, Jan. 23. large receipts of decayed fruit and cold grape-fruit is nearly all being held back Same, Jan. 21: M
Owing to very heavy receipts the last weathtr. The prospects: are brighter. for March and April shipments, the Navels. .. . .. . .. ... .2.70 J
fallen off ordi- Mandarins\ halves.. .. . 1.20
days, prices on 1.70 to 2.30 russets, 1.60 to 2.20.E. and speculators hoping to get ,
nary and inferior oranges, while strictly ; L. GOODSELL. growers the fancy prices of last season. Somebody Lemons. . . .. . .. ..1.15
fancy lots continue to sell on arrival at is going to get left if they are not Bright . . .. .: .. ..1..50 to 2.00
fair prices. Strictly fancy Tangerines, BOSTON, Jan. 26. careful. The grape-fruit crop is larger Russet .. .. .. .. ... 1.45 to 1.90 I
large sizes, are in good demand at advanced Special to FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER: than ever before and all of it dumped on Philadelphia Fruit Auction Company, Ji
prices. Mandarins\ steady. Thereis at time means anything 21 |
from the: market one Jan. : r;
very good demand for vegetables, especially At our sale to-day oranges ranged boxes but fancy prices. B. C. Bright .. .. .. .. .. 1.35 to 2.05; t 11

beans, but most condition.all have been We here 1.00 to this 2.30.week.There There are is over much 40,000 frost and Lakeland, Fla Russet .. ... . . .. . 1.60 to 2.00 ;l 1
arriving lately in frozen
rot. Fancy fruit, 1.75 to 2.00. AUCTION SALES. CINCINNATI. *
Oranges, fancy, bright, straight
SNOW & Co. Fruit Auction Ax JM
F. & C. Company (
lines, 2.00 to 2.25, with selected counts,
JACKSONVILLE. line & Maukley\ ), Jan. 20:
2.25 to 2.50, and all large 1.60 to ;
choice brights, straight lines, l.SOto 2.00; CHICAGO,Jan. 26. .Home Market, Jan. 22, 115 lots, 1860 Fancy. . ... .. ... .. .1.G(;; to 2.00
1.50 to 1.63 fancy Russets, Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: boxes: Bright: . . .. .. .. .1.55 to 1.00 ]
ordinary lines, 1.75; to'2.00; ordinary, 1.23 Brights averaged 2.30; russets, 2.00; Fancy . . .. . . .80 to 1.40 Russet .. .. .. .. ..... 1.63 to 1.70 m
straight 1.60. Lemons, dull, ;mostly inferior Tangerines, 3.50 per case. Bright .. . . . . .'95; to 1.45; Same, Jan. 21': 1

quality fancy very, 2.50 to 3.00; poor not > M. GEORGE & Co. Rubset . . . . . 90 to 1.15 Fancy... .. ._.. .. .. .. .l.SOto 1.95; wanted.; Grape fruit, good demand, at Culls; and drops:: . . . .15 to .90 Bright .. . .. .. .. 1.75 to 1.93;;
1.75 to 2.00 box. Tangerines, large NEW YORK RETAIL MARKET. Grape fruit. . . .. .. .. 1.25 Russet . .. .. ....'.:.. 1.25 to 1.75
per 3.00 to Hothouse fruits and vegetables are Mandarins .. . .. .. .. . 1.40 '
sizes, 4.00 to 5.00 per box; small Same, Jan. 22:,
3.50. Mandarins\ 2.50 to 3.00 per box. among the luxuries of the season. Hothouse Same, Jan. 23;:;: Fancy.. .. .". .. ..... .1.40to2.00 M
.. . . . .G;
Egg Plants, 5.00 to 8.00 per bbl. Cucum- lettuce is retailing three bunches :Mandarins } Bright . .. .:. .... 1.15 to 1.75
fruit. . .. .. . . :0
bers, 3.00 to 4.50 per crate. Beans, green, for 10 cents, hothouse radishes 7 cents auncli NavelJ..1.O[gape ;:; to 1.25: Russet .. .. .. _.. .. 1.20 to 1.70 f
4.00 to 4.50 3.00 to 3.50 ,dandelion greens from the forcing :: '
wax, refugees,
; ; houses 20 cents and Boston hothouse Bright . . .... .. . .90 to 1.40 Same, Jan. 25: >fl
2.50 to 3.00. Tomatoes, choice per crate, cucumbers a quart 20 cents, each, hothouse Russet. .. .. . ... .. .. 73 to 1.00 Bright. . .. .. .:;..'... .1.45 to 1.75
2.50 3.00 and 1.00 to Lettuce; ordinary, good demand green when, good, mushrooms 1.00 a pound, and hothouse Culls and drops .. ..... 15 to .73 RusLet . .. .. .O' :. :. ...O' 1.55 to 1.70JANU.RY



. ,

: .__v.r-. ".,.. _' + ,


aUF y out Fol s. Pecans. NEW KODAKS. yield twice the amount of feed. I haveno

TIME OF PLANTING. trouble in saving my seed canes; I

- The best time perhaps for plantingtrees simply bank them in the field where
Soldier and Newsboy Meet.
is in the fall from November they grow and cover them with a little .
One night sometime before Christmas i You press the straw and a layer of earth to keep out
General Swayne was down town and to middle of December, or as soon as the frost; water must not stand about

boarded a Fourth Avenue car to ride they have shed their leaves in the fall. bulte". them. .
home. After he had ridden some blocks
the conductor came in to collect his fare. Spring pitting from February i until we do the rest. One of my two Jerseys, now three

With the confidence born of over half a the buds begin to swell in the spring; years old, at the age of a year took
century of practice the old soldier put the "salt sickness," and for about a
his hand in his trouser pocket to get a the nuts may be planted any time to SenD Sew Stiles and Sizes she skeleton.
was a living
coin. He fumbled around for a moment Transparent
advantage from of
but found nothing. Then he tried an- season ripening until For sale by all Photo. Stock Dealers.THEEASTMANCOMPAN. ate barely enough to keep the life in f

other pocket, but with the same result. late in the spring, varied by con- her. I tried all kinds of remedies but

The conductor was getting impatient, dition in latitude; the middle of March Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER. N. Y. they did no good. At last I tried the
and the General dove his hand first into
advertised in
Tilghman powder
one pocket and then into another. Finally the latest admissable period usually; Cassava an All-Around Feed. your
he blurted out: the greater delay in time of planting, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: paper and it has brought her out in

"Why, bless me I haven't a penny in always remember, the greater necessity i Cassava and crab-grass hay are my I great shape; she is fine and fat. If I
change about me!" for had another case of "salt sickness" I
thorough previous for horse
soaking of the great my and cows
The ill-concealed, mocking smile of in-. would not be without this powder if I
nuts in from
water six and alone furnishes
two to days be- cassava the
credulity that appeared on the face of the :
conductor.was sufficiently exasperating fore putting into the ground;; plant in part of my chicken feed. I shouldnot had to pay $5 a package for it.

in itself, but a moment later ho said, rows about ten inches apart, covering know how to get along withoutmy WM. FISHER.

rather brutally" : "Well, yer know the three inches deep, put fertilizers three cassava patch. A year ago I had Clay Co. .-.-.

rules; see? The most interested spea a- inches under the nuts, cultivate well a half-acre, and it was really more What folly! To be without BEUCHAM'S PILLS.
tor of this little affair in ther was a
one-legged newsboy. He had watchedthe by keeping the ground level and clean.If than I needed. I simply let it stand

little scene from the beginning and not desirable to plant out permanently where it grew (the winter was warm) Notice of Incorporation.Notice .

had lost nothing. The boy was not at one year root, prune themin and I gave it freely to my chickens all Is hereby given that the undersigned
overly strong, but there was that about the row by running a sharp summer. It furnished all the persons have formed a corporation under the
spade nearly
him which typifies the New York street general incorporation law ofthe State of Florida.
Arab, and is found in no other boy in under and cutting the tap-root eigh- feed except hay required by my horse Car The name and Manufacturing of this incorporation shall" be Its"Florida

any part of the world but the metropolis.Alert teen inches below the surface as soon and two cows for six months, and pal places busines shall at Jacksonville princi-and

quick, impulsive, generous, sensi- in the fall after the leaves have fallenas that and the house scraps were aboutall Green Cove Springs. The general nature of the

tive to touches of human nature and# practicable, this will tend to developa that my forty chickens had for a business purchase to, sale be transacted and leasing is the of manufacturing railroad cars
judgment far beyond his years. growth of lateral branch coaches rolling stock and railroad equipment of
General Swayne's position was humili- or year.Last every description; the conducting of a general
ating enough without thq conductor's roots, and when finally removed to year I planted only about a lumber of and milling busines and,and the general busi-
ness manufacturing repairing
coarse reminder that he would have to their permanent place either in two or quarter of an acre, because I find that carriages vehicles tools, and wood and wagons iron

pay or walk and just as he gathered up three years, it can be done with littleif amount is sufficient for my stock. I work of every description including the powerto
his cruthes to leavo the the hold buy, mortgage or otherwise convey real
car oneP-legged any loss. If the nuts are planted bring up a big wheelbarrow load every and personal property, ship building of all kinds,
newsboy opposite,called out kindly: including repairs,also house building of all kinds,
where the is
tree to stand other For
"Say, Cap'n there's a pair of us; I'll permanently, day. my cows I cut it upa including repairs. The amount of capital stock
lend you a nickel." the soil should be loosened to the little, but the horse and the chickens authorized is one hundred and fifty thousand

The boy's hand was stretched out toward depth of two feet for a space of, three take the roots whole and help them- (shares$150,000), of)dollars.divided one hundred($into too)fifteen dollars hundredisoo each. Eighty( )

the crippled veteran and his feet in diameter and well fertilized. selves. I got a new horse lately and thousand ($80,000))dollars in the par value of said
whole stock shall be payable in the following property.
manner indicated that he did not
especially around the outside. Plant he was not used to it, but by mixing to-wit: The present established business and good
want to the old'hian
see walk, who, like will of J. G. and M. C. Blain, Trustees,at Green
himself, was a cripple. The General, three or four nuts in a place, covering it with oats in small pieces he soon Cove Springs, Fla., as manufacturers of cars,
touched by the boy's natural good heartedness about three inches deep and thinningout got to like it, and now he bites into it rolling stock and other articles, including: the
machinery, buildings, tools, plant stock, con-
and instinctive desire to spare in the fall, leaving the strongest. as heartily as he would into an ear of tracts, leases, choses in action, and all other chat
the old soldier's pride by calling it a loan, PeCans have an off therefore corn. tels and assets of said trustees now invested or
took the money, and, paying his fare, year, engaged in said business,the valuation of which
took a seat beside the boy. when planting a grove of 500 trees, Pecking the .roots to pieces gives said property is fixed by the incorporators at

There is a Masonic fraternity among plant 100 trees every year for five the chickens the exercise all chickens said eighty capital thousand stock($80,000)is to) paid in The in cash balance in re-of

cripples that is entirely intuitive, and in years, you will then have fruit every need to keep them healthy and fresh, sponse to such calls as may be made from time to
time by the direction of the corporation. The
a few minutes the child and the old man and they lay all winter with
year. eggs onlya highest amount of indebtedness or liability to
were the warmest of friends. The two SOIL. handful of which the corporation can at any time subject
talked on several subjects, in which the corn a day. itself is three hundred and fifty thousand($150,000))
boy's life on the streets seemed to be the The most advantageous soil is best My land is very thin high pine, on dollars shall, exclusive commence of its its capital existence the The time company of

popular theme. The little fellow took a indicated by observing the conditions the backbone of the peninsula, righton filing with the Secretary of State of the State of
great liking to the old man whom he had where the pecan or hickory the old Seminole trail, yet I raisea Florida and the county clerks of Duyal and Clay
befriended but he naturally counties, Florida copies of these articles;and its
was very shy regard-: thrive. Its, habitat is usually on made good crop of cassava after a vege- existence shall terminate in ninety-*inejog( )years
ing any references to himself or family, table thereafter, unless lawfully extended. The busi-
except that he had a widowed mother alluvial lands or river bottoms, where crop without any fertilizer. Last ness or the company shall be conducted by a

and he supported her by selling papers. the soil is rich, deep, friable, moist, year, for instance, I raised my cassava board the annual of three meeting directors of the who stockholders shall be elected, which at

No, he never got sick, "han't time ter." but not watersoaked, except from an where I had had Irish potatoes the shall be held at such time as the by-laws may
Finally, by a dint of questioning, the occasional overflow year before, (the potatoes were ferti- provide. The undersigned shall compose its first
General secured the boy's address and an event by no board of directors, who shall serve until their
the two separated.On means unfavorable to its thrift when lized, of course), and I did not use a successors are elected.
his arrival home General Swayne not too prolonged or of over frequent spoonful of fertilizer. It is easier to JOIIN M. C. BLAIN,

related the circumstance to his wife, and occurrence, still as a tree it adapts raise than sweet potatoes and will i-7-5t GEO. G. GLEASON.

they agreed that on Christmas day they itself and will succeed satisfactorily-
would pay the boy the nickel and
brighten up the Christmas day for him. growth and bearing, in a varying degree Acer pany'ng i h a"puitrait of the late Prof. Ett

Then it was that the pathetic part of this upon everx class of soils, and the 1 wart E. Phdps, M. D., LL. D. of Dartmouth

story came out. On Christmas !Irs. writer has seen good results both on Cod ege. lIe was a strong,able man, who stood

Swayne drove to the house designated thin sandy lands as upon the pine high in the literary and scientific worlds. It is not
by the little fellow as his home with the
flats however the. f: known but it
unquestionably isnevertheless
intention of making the day a happy one ; generally the truth
for him. Imagine her shock when she deep alluviums, or river lands, even ;' z that Prof. Phelps was the discoverer of what is
was told that the bright little cripple those liable to occasional overflow, i a known to the Medical profession and Chemists

who not many days before had befriended and such as are in consequence of little i universally as Paine's Celery Compound, unquestionably
the General was dead and buried. value for other purposes constitute ; one of the most valuable discoveries
Mrs. Swayno was deeply, affected. Theboy's of this This remarkable
those of value the century. compound i is
greatest to plant pecan -
mother in need and
was though
not a nervine, an essence, a sarsaparilla
dead, he still was aiding his mother, for upon, and we draw special atten- or any
the nickel he "loaned" the General tion to a fact of such deep signifi- R devised article, but a discovery, and it marks a

proved the means of brightening up the cance. For the rest it is not advisableto "", -, distinct step in medical practice and the trEatment

mother's life and horn-Boston Post.GONSUMPTIONP. select land to plant on with too of nervous complications the greatest
of all modern diseases-Paresis. It has been
compact a subsoil likely to hold surface .
"' freely :admitted)" the best medical talent in the
water or keeping the roots soaked beneath land and also the
'lf G// by leading chemists and scien-
too continuously, though even tists, that fornervoin troubles, nervous exhaust-
I haVe a positive remedy for the above disease; by ltd these least desirable of all lands to Late PRO. P ELPS.;onj jnsornnilt del'ilitysenility, and even the

use thousands hare been of cases cured.of the Indeed worst eo kind strong and is my of fait longstanding I' plant on* are not barren of good results -I dreaded and terrible Paresis, nothing has ever been di'Cfwered which reaches the disorder

In ita efficacy that I will send TWO BOTTLES ruse;pnh ; a happy mean in respect to and restores health equal to this discovery of Prof. Phelps.DON' .
a VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to sue
ferer who'W send me their Express and P.O.address.any moisture afforded is the point to ,
T RP FOOLED *># ftoim* of Dealers whn bare imttatum of fHa ,
nond Dvc hothhequa4
T. A. Slocum, M. C., 183 Pearl St., N. Y. aim at. the< />/ajnd/






on her face. When upon returning nourishes strong muscles and a clean: more than useless. If the eyes are
Our Rural I )Jiome home she used the soap, then: physical economy. out of focus, proper glasses should be
is that the
selected. It important
rinsed in clear water, she was quite "Nature is a better chemist than:

Saving the Strength. mortified to find her face actually! man, and nature has packed within: patient should ignore their presence

Now it requires real heroism for the dirty. In obedience to the doctor envelopes of various forms and hue entirely; should avoid seeing them as
advice this pursued the followin acids and sweets flavors much as possible and let them alone.
housewife to use plain under and outside lady those exquisite ,
clothing; to do the washing the course, which may prove beneficial t to and essences, which in some subtle Large floating masses the eyes vision ,
which swim around often obscure
others night just before retiring sustain portion of the -
: Every every system
easiest possible, even allowing way
way and the she bathed face, neck and from the hair of the head to the are the result of serious disease,
the hems to become dingy,
looked after.
and should be
clothes yellow at the expense of saving hands thoroughly in soapsuds, using, I nails of the fingers and feet. promptly
her strength; to put towels, sheets! i of course, fine toilet soap; then rinse "Let us take the apple, for instance, ."'C\ .
underwear, kitchen aprons and work- I in clear water and dried the skin on a which in value ranks among fruit; Change of Action Better than Rest.

dresses away unironed; to starch notl soft Turkish towel, rubbing \.lntil equal to wheat among cereals. It con As for the feeling that we need rest,

ing but collars, cuffs and shirt bosoms; quite free from moisture. If any sign tains sugar, the malic and tannic acids, rest, rest, it is often a fallacious one.

and those with cold starch; to coo; of roughness or sunburn appeared, a gluten, pectin, fibrin, starch, traces of It is action which makes muscle, The
the simplest food in the easiest mar. few drops of glycerine were rubbed inTo free salts and water.-Laws of Life spirit of life enters into us when we

do with the oily take vital in to-day Often we
ner, and to train her family to be coi away appearance a part *
tent with a variety at different meal the doctor prescribed this diet: Criminality as a Disease."It ,suffer from rest. A change of occu-

instead of a variety at each meal. Lean meats, plenty of fruit, vegetable is my opinion that the time wil pation is what we most need, as a rule,

One can economize in dish washinj in their season (not cooked in grease]), come when criminality will be recog and the relief hours of an active per-

I make a practice of letting the suppe no pastry or cake, brown sugar or nized as an inherited disease and treat son turn out to be very intelligent,

dishes wait until morning, and whe] molasses, but oatmeal, cracked wheat, ed accordingly," said a man who ha says a contemporary. We must rest,
the morning has been a busy one the farina and the like, sprinkled sparingly : recently been studying this subject but we must not lose our electricity,

dinner dishes are washed after I have with white granulated sugar. somewhat carefully from a medica which the will, the thought can com-

had a bath and a rest. It doesn't pay; Three times a day she stirred a teaspoonful standpoint. "Those persons who dis mand at all times, and which oughtto

to throw yourself on a lounge in you each of cream of tartar and play in youth a tendency to commit be on guard like an orderly, to

working dress; rather undress as for sugar into a tumbler of water and crimes will then be placed in institu summon us when we should become

night and occupy the nicely made bed drank it, in order to cool her blood. tions very different in character from alert. Headaches evaporate if we

for an hour or more, and when you This was an agreeable medicine, both prisons, where they will be constantly must exert ourselves; for those we love,

awake, put on fresh clothes and hang in the taking and in the effect. All watched and encouraged to employ or we almost forget the pain, which is

the others out to air to be used on the heat or producing viands were forbidden their abilities in those kinds of labor: the same thing; and ill temper cannot

morrow. The work that was left to as well as coffee with milk*, for which they are best fitted. In this: flourish unless we have idleness in

finish looks just half as much as be- chocolate and beer. Plenty of outdoor way society will be saved from the< which to reflect upon the motes be-

exercise, with a veil to protec of the vicious instincts ol longing to some one else. With energy
fore.A friend said there was no use in the face, this wise doctor recommended these people. In many cases careful leading the way, ennui lifts from the

her trying to sleep in the afternoon; also indoor games, such as treatment will doubtless cure criminals! horizon, and we see color and distance

she acknowledged that when she wa shuttlecock and battledoor, to stir the of their disease and enable them tc again. There are women who labor

resting she was planning a new dress; sluggish blood. Heart and body; return to the world and become useful i day by day in hunger and despair.It .

or some extra work that was before were employed to conscientiously; citizens. In others, they will have to seems as if others might labor in

her. She spent a couple of month; carry out this plan in its every detail. remain under surveillance during the omfort and health, instead of sitting

with me, and while my lazy way of In one year the lady had a fine complexion whole of their lives. Of course, men down to lassitude and sighs.

working horrified her, she became ac a clear, soft skin, and a thoroughly and women not afflicted with vicious .

customed to it, and since going home healthful constitution. She tendencies at birth will still be subject Beefsteak-Fried.

wrote and told me that she can leave both looked and felt years younger.- to temptations, and the law will be Sometimes broiling the steak is outf

her work undone and shut the kitchen Good Housekeeping. obliged to inflict penalties upon them ) the question. It may be a hurried

door on !it. Immediately after supper; w-... for irregular proceedings; but the large breakfast over a wood fire, or Bridget

she and her husband go for a walk, Fruit as Food.Without class of inveterate lawbreakers will be nay have forgotten for the dozenth

instead of his going alone while she< question fruit and grain recognized as irresponsible for their ime-: to have the range in proper

remained at home and put her housein < constitute the ideal diet, the food 01 ill-behavior, just as people afflicted eefsteak order. For such emergences -

order for the morning.A which the higher and more spiritually with hereditary diseases are never t : have a very thick iron frying pan;

woman's work differs from her minded type of humanity has to depenc blamed for misdeeds." put it, perfectly clean and dry, over

husband's in that she is generally) for nourishment. It is not generally] he fire until blue smoke rises from it,

called upon to accomplish a great deal understood that fruit is a sustaining Specks Before the Eyes. hen rub it rapidly with a bit of suet

in a short time. From the time she and wholesome food, to be eaten at often frightened almostout rimmed from the edge of the steak,

dresses in the morning until the dinner the table in place of meat and mixed People of their are wits by the sudden ap- md pop in the latter at once. No
is on the table, there is often nota be taken vinegar should be rubbed ont
dishes, and not always to as of flying specks before their emon. or
moment of leisure, and unless she an after-thought or dessert following a pearance sometimes they are only one or In this case, or it will fry to a miserable -

watches herself she will not sit down full meal, or to be nibbled at between two eyes;but often thousands of them can : pale gray, instead of a goodrich
to of the tasks that allow of it. steak be
many meals. There is no purer or better when a brown. Nor should the
be particularly person
I have written upon this subject be. nutrient material known than fresh, looks seen toward, a white surfaces as white urned but once. Leave it as putn

cause I have learned the value of resting ripe fruit, and if it were relied upon asa clouds, white houses,white pavements, till it is half cooked, and then turnt
an hour and throwing off all staple article of diet, to be used in toward water surface. These flying t to the other side. Do not make
thought of my work." I no longer the place of so much rich and unwholesome specks are mostly small points, con ravy;; in the pan, but spread the meat
have the "blues, and am a more little butter lemon juice or a
food which is the rule nected with another by fine lines, with a ,
agreeable companion than when I there would of currant jelly after it is on
rather than the exception, and the points often present a beaded poonful
found it necessary to keep my house be a marked decrease in all the ills tc At first, persons are the platter. The currant jelly will

in perfect order, regardless of my vhich flesh is heir. to knock them away, lot betray its identity, and often makes
likely try
strength. I can rest in the morningor welcome before their a good steak out of merely passable
We are therefore glad to anew thinking it is something
afternoon as is necessary, and never "Fruits and in both ne.-GoOd Housekeeping.
work usually
on subject, eyes. They come
think of picking sewing when
up How Use Them by Hester M. time. They dimin-
with to eyes at same may
tired thus trying to rest a changeof
Gentleman. Poole, showing the value of fruit as ish or increase in numbers at times, NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY.
food, and giving many practical but rarely ever disappear entirely. -
for its From the intro interfere with vision by IN COUNTY JUDGE'S COURT, )
Care of the Skin.A ecipes use. They never DUVAL COUNTY, FLORIDA.|
whose thick sallow skin luction we quote the following: settling over objects looked at. I7HERKAS Chas. W. DaCosta, admkrfstrator
lady ', of Geo. C. Goodrich,deceased,
in the \ of the estate
caused unceasing worry consulted an "There is no danger, according to Dr. A. D. Williams explains, late of the county aforesaid, having filed in theoffice
well chemical investi- 5t. Louis Medical Journal, that the of the County Judge of said county a writn -
eminent physician as to a possiblecure. experience; as as suggestion of the insolvency of said estate
His answer was more forcible ration; of a want of nutriment in a nature of the flying specks here de. notice is hereby given to aU persons having claims
e than courteousVell, in the first diet composed of fruit and grains, scribed is not well understood, but of any same nature, duly whatever authenticated against,said in the estate office to of
place home and wash face *: and there is no possibility of badly> focused eyes are most likely tobe aunty Judge of said county on or before the 8th i
go your He that day of April,A.D., 1892,at which time there will
and hands than" Horrified, she declared bsorbing the germs of disease through troubled with them. says thereand:
bacteria animal poiso'n. From hey signify nothing serious so long az'' to,
that she had washed them sev- or Witness my name as County Judge of said
eral times during the day. "What I nalysis it is found that wheat, apples they[ are mere points connected with county,this 28th day of September W.B.A.OWE.1IJ'D., 1891.,

mean is this, wash with soap thor and berries, peaches and other stone fine lines, and do not interfere with Io-I-bm County Judge.

oughly. Ah she had never used fruits furnish a rich, pure blood which the acuteness of vision. Treatment is




.....'., -



VoL VI. "Agriculture is the Basis of W alth." No. 4.

.-- .
What the Third Party Wants. the free coinage of silver can only; tries to secure justice has only resultedin gullible public than this, by the paid

Editor Alliance Department: work good to the country.Sec. I their discomfiture and slaughter.Are agents of that money power which has

Yours of 9th instant received containing 4. We demand the pas\:;e of laws i we to infer from this that we must fastened its clutching tentacles on the
explanation of why I failed to prohibiting alien ownership: of land, and submit to robbery and extortion under very vitals of the producers, who are
receive my copy of the FARMER AND that Congress take prompt action to devise the penalty of being slaughtered and writhing helplessly in the toils and

FRUIT GROWER, which contained your owned!some by aliens plan to and obtain foreign all syndicates lands now reduced to a state of servitude worse don't know what is the matter. '

editorial denouncing; the Ocala De and that all lands now held by railroad than we are now enduring?; They don't know that a monster is

mands, because it (as you assert) ad and other corporations in excess of !Suchas You call the people's party move- strangling them with the aid of money
vocates a third party. You also kindly is actually used and needed by them. ment an ill-omened, ill-savored, Eu- thugs by inches.

offer me space to explain my reasons: held be reclaimed for actual by settlers the only.government and ropean thing. This is tl e most sur Let us flash light into this den of

for advocating a third party, for which With prising assertion of all.Vell, Mr. robbery and give these victims a
favor I return thanks, and in return nearly 200,000,000 acres of Editor, if equal rights to all and special chance to see and escape.
American soil owned land
can only tender you same space in the by foreign privileges to none is a European thing, FRANK HIGEL.
bolds and citizens
Ocala Demands, to explain why you, our own fightinglike home we certainly have one "thing" to thank Venice, Fla.
a practical farmer and editor of a Kilkenny cats to secure Europe for. You call the Demo We quite agree with our correspondent -

farmers' journal, advocate the pluto- steads, as who they did-in loves his Oklahoma, find can i Republican parties "the two main that money is a potent
cratic doctrine. any man country and eternal forces." To my ears that force on earth to build men up or to
fault with Section about
Now, Mr. Editor, the Ocala Demands 4Vith has a European ring. Are you sure pull them down to perdition. The
one-fifteenth of the whole wealth of
does not advocate a third party.It you were not suffering from an attackof great Dr. Johnson said that men are
advocates the simon-pure Democratic the country owned by foreigners, can Anglo-mania when you penned that seldom more innocently employedthan
who is
doctrines, "Equal rights to all any man Sec.not a ?traitor to his sentence? The people of this republic when they are making money;
and special privileges to none." country object to 4 have yet to learn that the old par and Henry Ward Beecher said 1 he

The two old parties (really twin Sec. 5. Believing in the doctrine of ties are eternal. Whence their begin- believed it the duty of every man
rights to all and
equal special
admit that the difference privilegesto and will end? rich if he could honest
parties) only none, we demand that our National ning, they never to get by
between them is the tariff and the legislation shall be so framed in the future Our reason advocating the cause I methods. But it is not money that

offices. Well, as you must admit, the as not to build up one industry at of the People's Party is this: makes the man, it is the making of
difference in the tariff question is a the expense of another. We further demand We have appealed to the old partiesin the money that makes him. The

mighty small thing; not sufficient to a removal of the existing heavy vain for relief. writer once spent six years in Cali-
tariff tax from the necessaries of life
pay legitimate expenses of holding that the poor of our land must have. They both favor the National banking fornia and talked) with hundreds of

elections., We further demand a just nnd equitable system. old miners who lived and greatly
You limit me to two columns, there- system of graduated tax on incomes.We The tariff question between them is flourished in the days when a drinkof
fore I can only touch lightly on the believe that the money of the coun- too infinitesimally small to notice. whisky was paid for with what
should be much
most important sections ot the Ocala try the hands of kept the people as and as hence possiblein we They both oppose free coinage of gold dust the barkeeper could pinch

J demands: demand that all National and State reve- silver. between his thumb and finger, and
shall be limited to the both in favor of when sometimes in
Section J. "We demand the abolition of nues necessary ex- They legislate mo two men went out
National R'lnks.and that subtreasuriesbe penses of the government economicallyand nopolies and the money powers, en- the morning with a tin quart pail full
established in lieu thereof. Said sub- honestly administered. tirely ignoring the industrial classes. of dinner and came back at night
treasuries to issue money on real estate Now, where :os the man who can, The People's Party endorse the with the tin pail full of coarse gold
and non-perishable products, with proper without admitting himself to be eithera
Ocala Demands entire. Thereforewe grains. And it is very doubtful in
limitations as to quantity of land and
Shylock or a monopolist, object to
amount of loan. Sec. ? in the interest of humanity, the writer's opinion if any part of
5 morality and.. equity. advocate the... I Christendom-and he has travelled in
, In other words, we demand that Sec. 6. We demand the most rigid, '
People's Party, against monopoly and lands-ever had a higher per
the circulation of shall be in honest and just State and National gov-
money ernmental control and supervision of the class legislation. B. SUTTON, centage of tramps, and those tramps
the hands of the who
people createit methods of communication and
public Ed. Ocala Demands. more reckless and worthless, than
without having to pay an exorbitant transportation, and if this control and -. ;. were the tramps of California for
t interest= or usury to National Banks or supervision do not remove the abuse "'
Does Money Make the Mac years after the "flush times" of 49
extortions. now existing, we demand the government -
any legalized ownership of such means of communication I Editor Alliance Department: and the spring of '50." There was

Sec. 2. We demand the passage of such and transportation.We I Mr. Editor, candidly, do you not too much money, it came too easy,
i laws as will prevent the dealing in fu- ai-e well aware that Sec. 6 think a thorough ventilation of the there was a fatal facility in getting
tures on all mechanical and agricultural touches a certain class of Shylocks in money question, a question paramount ,
products, whereby gamblers can control rich.With
i the prices of labor's products.We a tender spot, viz.: the pocket nerve; to all others of the. times, would redound 'I the exception of the Crusadesin

but havfe the railroad not been squeezing to the advantage of the agriculturists the middle ages, there was never
say gamblers, thereby applyingthe that same nerve for the farmers and the industrial classes in history a body of more splendid
mildest term to the inhuman and fruit growers for a decade? Have generally? I and adventurous humanity than the

wretches who cause corners in grain, they not watered their stocks to three It is the question of all questions, hundred thousand young men who

meats and other necessaries of Hie. times their value in order to bleed the as money can be used for a lever to hurled themselves upon the gold

Sec. 3. We demand the free and unlimited shippers? Does not the experienceof elevate a nation to a highly intelligent placers of California; and there never

coinage of silver. England, Australia and Hungary, civilization and morality or to crush was a greater wastage and wreck of
Can any man of ordinary intelli- where the government owns and ope- them into abject misery, crime, pauperism ndividual worth, moral character and
gence find fault with this section? rates the railroads, prove that the rail. and virtual slavery. material thri't than was accomplishedby

Statistics show that the annual production roads of the United States are robbing This is evident to any fair-minded the prodigal outpouring of Califor-

of silver in the whole world the people? Now, then, what do the reader of the histories of ancient and nia's gold. It is the universal testi-

falls short about $11,000,000 of sup old parties (the two main and eternal modern nations, and by the fact that mony of old Californians that for the

plying the demand. One of the objections forces, as you call them) propose to in our own land where there was nota first half dozen years there was an immense -

made against free coinage of do? DJ either of them show any in single tramp (in its offensive sense) preponderance of worthy men

silver is that the United States would clination to enact this good old Dem- thirty years ago, there are now mil- among the gold seekers, and that it

become the dumping ground for Eu- ocratic doctrine into law? No, they lions. But then we had J only had was m the later stages only that

rope's silver. If that be true, how I spurn them with contempt. They give four or five millionaires. the "Sydney ducks" began to come in

comes it that India does not become I the people to understand that their However, the money question is from Australia and the lower dregs of J)
' the dumping ground for the world's business is to legislate in the interest surrounded by a sort of glamour that American cities, when sneak thievery

silver? India's mints are open to silver of European Shylocks and Wall street confuses the mind, and there is no began to prevail. The first.hundred -

s at $i for 348 grains, while in the gamblers. question[ upon which public ignorance: thousand came for honest

United States 3 75# grains are required Now, Mr. Editor you cite instancesto j is so dense as upoii this; nor is .there I gold digging. They found gold-
I to make $i. Now this should con- show that of the'middle which false '.
every attempt one relating to more promises [ gold; in plenty-and what was the re-
vince any man of common sense that and lower classes of other coun and deductions are foisted upon a sult ? Thousands of them were

or -,.;; '- "



I .''


ruined, made into physical and moral Inasmuch as the only exceptions pro- fire and brimstone, swords, bayonets, RICH FLORIDA LANDS.

wrecks. vided for in section 22 are the giving dynamite, barricades and all the ether
of destruction needed to exter-
Money is good, but it is the earn- reduced rates to ministers of religionand minate weapons the present system. Since the

ing of money that makes character, certain indigent persons, the giv- death of his compatriots of Chicago by-

makes force, makes manhood., To ing free carriage to officers and employees choking this erstwhile fierce warrior,

scrape it by the pailful out of a "pot. and the exchange of passesor who delighted to dabble in human goreon

in mountain rock it tickets by the principal officers of paper,has become a man of peace anda
hole" a or to get humble follower of the meek and lowly
by the grind of the government print- railroads for their own officers ancj Nazarene. There are various kinds of

ing press crank, is destructive of employees, it will be seen that certain cant, but socialist cant is the very worst

real force and worth in a man, unlesshe classes specified in the answer, suchas and the most_sickening.,
has a tougher fiber than the vast i "gentlemen long eminent in the -
Six Thousand Miles of Idle Rail-
ED.Limlta service Federal and State officials ,
majority of mankind possess.- public road.

members of railroad committeesin
The strike on the San Antonio &
to the Grant of Free Passes. the legislature, and persons whose
Aransas Pass Railroad causes the most
The Interstate Commerce Com- will is the
good important to corpora-
complete railroad tie-up that has ever
mission was lately 'called upon to ren- tion," are excluded from the categoryof
occurred in the country. The New
der a decision as to the right of those to whom free passes may be
York crrespondent of the Public
railroads under the interstate law to given. In regard to certain other
Ledger writes, under date of December Farmers Stop and Think.
give free passes to certain classes of classes of persons, passes to whom,
3oth: The strike on the San An-
persons, including public official and though in form free, were free onlyin tonio & Aransas. Pass Railroad, of WHY Spend the best years of your

others more particularly referred to name, because there was some con- life cultivating the soils of the frozen
Texas has not received the attentionin
below. The question was raised by sideration for them, the commission North and West raising crops on which
the East that its importance de-
the practice of the Boston and Maine decided to hold the case for further This railroad the freight is often not realized, when

Railroad which before serves. operates over you can buy land from the undersigned,
Company, accordingto investigation finally passing
6,000 miles of track in a fertile por-
rich and fertile
submitted it in included as any known lands,
it. These
an answer by a case upon persons
tion of Texas, and is now in the handsof
before the Commission, was in the newspaper men to whom passes were receivers and where you can raise a crop that the
pending a reorganizationby
habit of business issued in for advertising United States Government will pay a
giving passes, as a exchange New York capitalists. This will
feature of its administration, to the hotel l proprietors, and ice and milk soon be consummated. Three or four BOUNTY of$100 on each acre.

following classes of persons, viz : dealers, who are claimed to stand on weeks the train dispatchers and HOLD On, thjs isn't all. You can sell

Sick, necessitous or indigent persons, a special ground of right.-Brad-- telegraph ago operators on the Atlantic the said crop right there in your home

men long eminent in the public service street's. and Pacific division of the Atchison market for $250 per acre. You ask for
*-+-< the "How" and the "Wherefore."
proprietors of summer hotels and
struck for increased
large boarding houses, wives of em- "The Reactionary People's Party. and system though they demanded about wages 33, Quite right-facts and figures count best.
It appears that the of
ployes and other immediate members than before Plant the Land with Cane.
America are not friendly to the People's per cent. more they were Sugar
of employes' families, agents of ice Manvel of the
receiving, ,
companies and all milk contractors Party. By way of amusementwe TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers -

doing business on the line of the Boston occasionally glance into The Peo- Atchison, immediately acceded to of papers, the fact that there is now
their full demands.
and Maine railroad or any part ple, the New York organ of these fire. established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
of the Atlantic and
thereof extending between two eaters; and in a recent issue we findan success St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
any Pacific excited the Aransas
States said and account of a Socialist meeting in operators news.Ve are talking to all our
agents contractors similar action and
operators to ,
Boston as follows: friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
traveling on the lines in the conductof made demand for advanceto
they a an
their business; the higher officersof The regular semi-annual meeting of the the Manvel schedule. This has cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
American Section was held Monday evening you a bounty of two cents per poundon
state in the States of Maine New pay
and attended been refused and the train dispatchers -
at our rooms, was by the manufactured The St.
Hampshire, Vermont and Massachusetts Comrade
comrades. struck.
thirty-two Brophywas and operators immediately
and certain prominent officers of elected chairman, and Comrade The engineers, firemen and conduct Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,

the United States, like collectors of Robinson, our late gubernatorial candi- in with the averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
customs the railroad commissioners date, made a few pertinent remarks rela- ors, being sympathy acre last year, and it will go 5,000
tive to the coming campaign. Our com- strikers, declined to run the trains unless pounds this .
of each of the States of Maine, New rade urged the members present to work the operators were in their places, year.METHODS

Hampshire, Vermont and Massachusetts harder for the cause than ever, and said and therefore the receivers have closed ? This isn't the only big

; the members of the railroad that he had reason to believe that we the entire road. Not a train, passen- I chance of your life, however. The

committee for the time being of the tion.would Remarks double our were vote made at the by next almost elec- ger or freight, is now running: over the cultivation of rice lands about Kissim-

legislature of each of the States of every one present,and we feel more than line, all business is absolutely sus- mee is to become an assured, profitablefact.

Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont hopeful for the future. The financial pended, and all employees, includingthe There is no richer or better

and Massachusetts, persons who are secretary made his financial report,which clerks, have been dismissed, pend- truck and market-garden lands in the

trustees under mortgages on the prop. showed that the section was stronger than ing a settlement of the strike. Never world than the land on the rich over

of the corporation and who ever, both numerically and financially.The flow bottom lands about Kissimmee.
erty are Boston Daily Post a few days ago before in the history of railroading in or -

entitled to inspect its by gave quite a lengthy account of the S. L. this country, I am assured by a prom' Write, for confirmation, to Col

virtue of the deed or indenture con- P. of this State and_ had; a short! biography inent railroad man, has such a spectacle A. K. MCClure, editor Philadelphia

stituting them trustees, and persons of our esteemed Comrade Mrs. Ave- 'been presented as this-of a Times, who has personal knowledge.Then .
whose is the ry. The writer attended the last meetingof in lands for
good-will important to the Second Nationalist Club and felt complete suspension of all business. orange groves, or

corporation.The considerably disappointed with the speechof The receivers and managers .of the groves already cultivated or bearing,

commission in its decision says ex-Comrade Mrs. Merrifield. She denied line are laboring to secure new opera- I can satisfy you that your best interestslie

that the construction it gives to sec- in vigorous language that the workers tors and new engineers and conductors in seeing me,. efore any one else.
tion 2 of the Inter-State Commerceact themselves could ever solve the social
to take the place of those who BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The health
problem, and accordingly began to
which relates to the question of tickle the vanity of the middle class refuse to work under the present fulness and beauty of Kissimmeehave

discrimination, is that where the service faddists, who have cursed and destroyeda schedule, and their intention is to resist never been questioned. No

of the carrier subject to the act movement that might have become the demands of the strikers. They diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia -

is "like and contemporaneous" for powerful, in declaring that only throughand declare that under the low rates: established -in fact, read our medical
the middle class could the
different passengers the charge to one by the Board of Railroad Com-
competitive system be destroyed. Never by report. Beautiful cottages, villas or
of a greater or less compensation thanto once did she mention the grand missionof missioners of Texas, of which ex-Sena lots suitable for residences. Writefor .

another constituted unjust discrim- the S. L. P., but proceeded to sing the tor Regan is chairman, it would be terms and particulars.

ination and is unlawful, the charge of praises of the reactionary People's Partyas impossible to increase wages 33 per COME SOUTH And untold R
such greater or less compensation is the party that was destined to lead the cent.-Industrial American. get
land.It the climate in
workers into the promised quantities of grandest
allowed under the exceptions providedin .
seems strange to the writer with I 4- the world free with each acre of ground
section 22, and that where the what wonderful dexterity people can Bound to Have It.
will have it, exclaimed the little purchased. Come where you can till
I MUST and I
traffic is "under substantially similar their opinions in so short a periodof
change man and he dashed the paper to the floor,jumped soil twelve months,, in the
circumstances and conditions" other time, as our ex-comrade did. But from his chair and brought his clinched hand the year
then there is nothing like being respect- down on*the table vigorously; then, mopping his At least write to me for full particula
rendered dissimilar
it is
net seated himself
his ,he
respects brow and adjusting: glasses
able, or thought so at any rate. in excitable handwrote WM. CANNON,
the seizes his pen and a nervous
within the statute
meaning by Then there another who for time Detroit,
is a : D M Ferry & Co Seedsmen Kissimmee, Fl
the fact that such passengers hold unlike vas a member of our Section and now Mich, Gentlemenr Referring to your advertise- :\gent for the lands of tbA Dleston Companle
or sometimes termed unequal of- pretends to believe that Christian Socialism ment in the National Intelligencer: aU, I notice that for the Associated Railways lands, and tn
Seed Annual for 1892 is free to applicants.:
your Lard Co.
ficial, social or business positions, or is going to solve the problem. He AS I buy considerable quantities of vegetable and lands of Kls8lmm cane, rice, truckingfruit
poses as a man of in short, non- flower seeds each spring, I would esteem it a Phosphate, sugar
belonging to different classes as they resister and yet only peace a few short years favor if you would mail me your Catalogue. My grazing, timber, general farming

ordinarily exist in a community, or ago he was in the habit of writing fierce neighbors say it is the Very best truly yours, and home" lands. Send for map showing

are arbitrarily created by the carrier. articles in the old Alarm, breathing forth RICHARD DOE. lands.




aFdel1 and Lawn drical; the stamens united in a distinct ]iscellany our rich ways?" We won't lack for

cup which is funnel or saucer-shaped, help in this matter, for I am sure we
----- - the editor of this
the border irregularly toothed. The can on paper
The Habit of Taking Pains.
Some Amaryllids in Florida. stamens curved and standing high who recognizes the value and appreciates -

The culture of but few plants is above the flowers undoubtedly sug- Mr. G W. Garcelon, the noted the possibilities of all that rich

more simple and easy than that of the gested the name of Spider Lily. The lemon grower, of California, spent pasturage between Orange Lake and

majority of Amaryllids. They nearly Ismens have been included in this fifteen years studying the subject of Jacksonville, on which there ought to

all require a season of active growth. genera so that the genus Ismene no I lemon-curing before he was ready to be to-day hundreds of thousands of
followed by one of absolute or partialrest. longer exists except as a sub-genus under i cattle grazing, to make butter and
his results the world! He
This resting period may com- Hymenocallis. In the flowers of cheese and beef.

mence in October, November or December the species constituting this subgenusthe expresses a great truth in these words: Mr. Editor, do you know you took

and last until February, staminal cup is large and cup- I wish to emphasize that not every the wind out of my sails by jumping
March or April, and even later with shaped, the free tip of the filaments man is going to make a success of lemon what I thought was my claim? In a

perfectly dry bulbs. A season of vigorous short and incurved. One species-H. curing do his, not best because, but it because is not his he intentionto cannot former article I said \\hen I first saw

healthy growth followed by a periodof nutans-is a native of the United "steer the ship"and "take in sail" at the that land I would not have accepteda

rest, must precede blooming i as the States, all of the others are from the same time. It has taken centuries for deed for all the land which com-
buds are formed in the bulbs during the Andes. All species of Hymenocallis, the natives of the Mediterranean shoresto pelled me to live on it. Since then I

prawns growing season; therefore, if except two or three, are natives of the made get into of different the rut material of success." and We whilewe are have never passed over it, that I did

bulbs have made a healthy, vigor eu New World.-W. N. PIKE, in May are working with our; physical not wish for the means to invest in

growth of foliage this season one-may flower. strength our mental visions are aloft herds of cattle and sheep to roam over
confidently look for flowers next season _- .e- after some new and shorter road to success it, and I have often wondered why it

if the bulbs are of blooming size FORIndigestion UYSk-EPJ11, consequently mere animal strengthwill was that so many who had means pre-
and Stomach di&ord i Us' ,uso
because of the wander-
and age. The severity of the dryingoff BROW wS IROX IIITTEKS ferred to invest them in herds and
ing brain, the details which I believe
process depends on whether the. All dealers keep it, SI per bottle. Genuine baa are not the forte of the genus American. ranches in the northwest where the

foliage is evergreen or dies off com trade-mark. and crossed. .rod lines on wrapper. and "our basket of eggs," or lemons, are poor cattle were subjected to freezes

pletely during the winter months; but We acknowledge the receipt of a kicked over and we tear down our poul- and blizzards, when they could graze
in no case where the bulbs remain in try houses and take up our lemon trees. all the year without suffering. Doubt-
can of lemons from the Seminole Now less
we are dependent more or
pots is it best to withold water en less because they thought as I did,
Canning Company. We have had upon those who work for us-I would
tirely-enough should be given to them served on our table and pro- not question the honesty of our laborers; there was no "grass in Florida."
keep the large (fleshy roots from dry them up most excellent. Theyare I believe the most of them try to do their Florida is now just as Missouri was
ing up and dying, and the evergreen nounce work well, yet this idea of making a in '49 when I first knew it, in regard to
prepared for table use and eaten
show of having accomplished does
should receive to pre- there there then
species just enough was
grass; np grass
just as you do canned peaches, etc. vent thorough work. Men detest details,
keep the foliage from wilting very A member of this company informs and hate worse to have their employers but prairie grass, which, whilst grow- :
much. When the bulbs start into us that they can can that will dwell upon and repeat the same thing ing; is one of the best grasses, but
growth the top soil in the pots may be oranges over and over again: and while I have after being matured in the fall is little
for and almostas
keep good years are had of the best of workmen I
some yet
removed down to the roots and re better than our wire grass There were
palatable as those plucked from the often find myself much tried by small
placed with fresh, rich earth which rushes in the bottoms which cattle
tree.-Ft. Myers Press. neglects, and I know I succeed very
will feed the roots and bulbs duringthe .-*-< poorly in hiding away vexation under could subsist on in the winter, but in

growing season. Occasional To the World's Fair Free. the bland smile of reproof. Now, this the woods, that are now such magnificent

watering with liquid manure is also We have received the last issue of lemon industry, successfully done, de- blue grass bottoms, there was no
mands the careful observance of small
beneficial. In potting use at all. When we cut out the
very any the World's Columbian grass
s Exposition things. Right here I will add that the
good rich soil with a liberal additionof undergrowth and deaden or thin out
Illustrated the official organ of the difficulty of coming up to the reputationof
sand to render it porous, and set Great Fair. The object of this publication imported lemons with what few of all surplus wood in our woodlandsand
the bulb so the upper one-half or two- is to give complete authentic the home production over which I had break and clean them up, so as to
thirds will be above the soil which historical record of the Columbian Ex any control, I found insurmountable, make them half shade and half sun \
I discard in the
will give the roots more room. Nearlyall position. It contains 32 pages of official compliments consequently! for generosity a measure which the shine, then will come crab grass and

of this family bloom best and most proceedings, and will give photographic press have awarded, as my object for the carpet grass and St. Augustine grass
freely when pot bound, so they shouldnot illustrations printed on enameled fifteen years has been to introduce in and crowfoot and nut grass, and

be shifted to larger pots too often; paper, of all the exhibits, buildings, quantities lemons that our own. people many other kinds, voluntarily as blue
will prefer to the foreign.It .
and when shifting becomes necessarycare and attractions of the Great Fair. Asa grass did in Missouri. The advantage
should be exercised not to break work of art, containing the most in- is the capacity for taking infinite with us is we have all the others, whilst

.. the roots any more than can be helped. teresting information, it is invaluableto pains that makes the successful fruit they have but the one. Some day

Several species may be wintered dry all \\ho wish to keep up with the grower. One of the most successful when the gamey Florida tender loin,

like potatoes, but it is just as well and times and learn of the great International growers we ever knew in Florida roast and rump steaks are called for
probably better to lift the bulbs care- Price at Delmonico's, the wonder will be
Enterprise. $3 a year post the whole winter and
fully and store them away in a box of Subscriptions spent picking why this thing was not known before.
paid, or 25 a copy. -
soil to preserve the roots. taken at this office, where a sample shipping from his little grove of seven And in these talks about grass, we

A great deal of confusion exists in copy may be seen. Any person acres; and he received nearly seven will have the help of our venerable

relation to the Hymenocallis and Pan- wishing a free trip to the World's Fair thousand dollars for his crop! grandfather "Backwoods Cracker."

cratium, two distinct genera of the should address J. B. Campbell, Editor In his last article I fancy I hear the
This arises from clack of the mowing machine and the
Amaryllis family.
and Publisher, 218 La Salle Street, Grass in Florida-A Forecast.
the fact that nearly all species of Hy Chicago, Ills. Editor Farmer and Fniit-Grower singing whetting of the scythe and

menocallis were first included in the "The World's Columbian Exposition I don't regret having charged Helen sniff the perfume of new mown hay.C. .
Pancratium. This accounts for W. CAMPBELL, SR.
genus Illustrated' and the FLORIDA DISPATCH, Harcourt with saying there was 'nograss Campobello.
the fact that HymenocallisCaribbaa
AND in Florida for if I had not the
beautiful species from the ,
um a
year, mailed to-any address, for $4.
southern part of this State, is very ex- C. W. DACOSTA, readers of the FARMER AND FRUIT 1 Price| Worth a Guinea Box. 125c.

tensively catalogued as Pancratium Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER GROWER would have been the losers.
Caribbaeum; but the former is the AND FRUIT-GROWER. I hope she will write about grass in

correct name. Spider Lily is a com- Florida, till Florida grass-fed beeves, JJfle1fDislodge
mon name universally applied to this and Florida butter and cheese and

species, but the same common name IfYOlJ Have Florida hay are quoted in the marketsof

is also indiscriminately applied to all the country, and no more Texas Bile,
species of Hymenocallis. The chief grass-fed steers will be slaughtered in
2To appetite.Indigestion: Flatulence.
difference between the two genera lies Blek uvadache ".U run down," loaJ Chicago and sent here in the shape of Stir up the liver,
in the flowers, which I will try and lug flesh,you will findTott's canned roast and canned and dried
Cure Sick-Headache
: explain so anyone can distinguish beef and sold to us at a price which ,

r them. In Pancratium the perianth- makes us "poor indeed." Why, I Remove Disease &!

,i tube is elongated, cylindrical and di Pills saw the other day a car on the F. C.

lated into a funnel at the top; the & P. tracks marked "Sioux City (Ian) promote Good Health}

stamens inserted at the throat of the Beef Canning Co.," in which there was

'- perianth-tube. All, or with possiblyone ttke r.m.dy fort need. They tonenp canned beef that took the net returnsof Ask Famous for Beecham's the and world take others.(
natives of the Old Ute weak Btoiaacia ami build up the box of Florida's luscious Made at SUHelens.England.Sold by
exception, are flat ing energies. sufferer trol1.ental \ a orangesto druggists -<
.. or physical orerwook will find for When do and dealers. New York Depot, 365
World. In Hymenocallis the perianth relief trom hem.JUcely sugar coated pay a pound. you i Canal Street. 108. '
, is hypocrateriform, and the tube cylin. SOLD EVERYWHERE reckon we "poor people will get over







tobacco would be sold green in the to know if Clopton Brothers water Japan Plums.

Mate '!eels. field, neither would crops be hauled their cornfield night and morning and No fruit lately introduced is more

-- oJ twenty miles and sold for less than tied the hills up to stakes like a vine- worthy of attention by progressive
Mr. Cyrus Butler shipped some fine full value. Give us the method.- yard; they want to know if Brother
looking Tangerine kid glove oranges Floridian. Williams bored an artesian well in the horticulturists than the Japan plum.

this week from trees that have been Burning of the woods has already centre of his rice patch and built lev- The trees bear as young and more

! set out just three 'ears.-South Flor caused great loss of property and in ees all around it; they want to knowif regularly and heavily than the peach,

ida Home. some places life has been lost. Dr. J. Brother Adams used a dilution of, and they are not subject to mildew,
Ed. Hodges and C. W. Stevens, of L. Gaskins killed a fatted hog Tues- maple syrup to induce his half acre of curl leaf 0:' the yellows. The fruit of

Newnansville, have put in a crop of day, from which he obtained fourteen sugarcane to weigh 17,000 pounds;
varieties is than of
: larger
225 acres of oats. They intend to gallons of good clean lard, which is they want to know if Brothers Rich- any

quit growing cotton and grow oats, equal to about 120 pounds. L. C. ards and Rafferty dug 3,676 poundsof the American or European plums,

hogs, and other things.GainesvilieSun. Futch has raised the master cabbagethis hay out of the ground as Bermuda and some are superior to the best of

year. It measured four feet grass roots,or whether they took several them in quality. No other plums

Florida nurserymen are reaping a across the head. Bradforp! soil beats clips (from the annual growth of the equal them in beauty of coloring.

harvest from the sale of orange trees the world for big growth.-Starke Spanish clover; they want to know if Some are so firm that they could be
Telegraph.The Brother Van Pelt planted his sweet half around the world in
to Californians. Every car of the Southern shipped good
Pacific which enters the State is agricultural editor of the Flo- potatoes in 1890, and covered them condition. Most Japan plums are

ordered to the nurseries to be loaded ridiaji visited the farm of G. G Gibbs, with glass during the past winter to clingstones. Some ripen in June and
get 191 bushels out of an acre of others late in the fall. Their chief
with orange trees for California.Milton near Tallahassee, and found him busy
parched sand, which had no rain for commercial value is for shipping.
Clarion. with his lambs and pecan planting.He .
There will be a number of Satsuma also has plenty of well-fed cattle, months previous to. .digging.. There is yet much to learn about these

orange trees planted in this county because he (like every good farmer Rockledge the Beautiful: plums. New varieties are constantly .
this season. It is a hardy tree and should) puts up hay for them. He appearing. The first Japanese plum

its cultivation should be encouraged. raises turnips and ruta bagas for his When we reached Rockledge, I am known in California-the Kelseywas -

Nurserymen should give it special at- sheep. His burr clover looks very constrained to confess, that, "having a fertile tree found mixed with a

tention as the supply is not near equalto fine, and the more we see of it the heard its praises sung," the place wasa package of persimmon trees, and

the demand.-Milton Clarion. nwre we are inclined to believe that great and trying disappointment to though the fruit is large, the tree is

I every Middle Florida farmer should me. But after passing through the the slowest grower and poorest bearer

James O'Beny has sold the oranges : have a field, at least, of the same. grounds of the Hotel Indian River, I and about the most useless for any
of his
large grove near Chipco for 60 The Pensacola News gives detailsof experienced entire revolution of purpose of any of them; yet it was the
cents a box upon the tree. His crop feeling. It is a perfect paradise; andI advance guard of an army of fruits
is about boxes. Do knowof a snowfall, a most unusual
2,500 you then wondered that so little had which promise to be among the most
other occurrence, and the rollicking from
any ten.acre crop in this been said in its favor. The little valuable introduced during the cen
which the inhabitants
world that will $1,400 clear old and young,
pay jutting, moss covered rocks, the over- tury. The names by which some of
its had from snowballing. It : "Some
Antonio says
worst 'ear.-San Her-
humorous incidents of childish im. hanging tropical foliage the soft, the most popular varieties are knownare

ald.Capt.. A. J. Phares of Yalaha was pression with the character of the velvety carpet of grass, the landscape the Botan (renamed Abundance),

in teesburg snowy visitor are related. One gardening, so tastefully arranged, Satsuma, Kelsey, Burbank, Late
on Monday and made us papa
his little with gorgeous, as well as delicately- Blood, Chabot, Ogon, Green Fruited,
call. He left with caught three-year old on the
a us two Hart'sTardiff
picking the with tinted fragrant flowers bordering the Masu, Simoni, Red Nagate, Engre
steps up 'sugar' a
sweet that had remained -
shaded and Yosobe. The writer has
numerous paths and avenues, many
one who saw
on the trees two years.Vhile spoon.
the flakes with the fine orange grove as a rich promising seedlings from which he
informed his
not as good as the first fruit
these and crop mamma that it was raining 'feathers.' background, presents to the eye at hopes to obtain fruit superior even to
oranges were sweet juicy -
once a pictute most rapturously any of the.delicious plums now
Commercial.Mr. Still another wanted to go out and
The half hath been known.-American Garden.
charming. not
catch the
Bless their
W. D. Woodrow has been little hearts'pretty said of it. The other walks also, both .. .-
they had seen snow for
sending some of his friends in Glas- the first time. It was not at all strange north and south, are very picturesque, Oranges vs. Apples.

gow, Scotland, oranges to remind that should it what it and could be rendered far more so An eastern exchange takes the fol.

them of the happy holidays. He has peared they most like regard to their childish ima-ap with slight expense combined with lowing view of the orange situation :

heard from them. They reached their nation." taste. Indeed, no pecuniary consideration "There is only one way in which to

destination in splendid order, and Mr. should induce the wealthy account for: the present low price of
T. L. Ward & Co. have
W.'s friends write him they never ate this week river front owners to delay taking at Florida oranges, and that is in cheap

such fruit before, and order more or. purchased about 8,000 pounds of to- once immediate action to secure so apples. The supply of oranges is by

anges like them, no matter what they bacco, and we understand the highest much-needed and beautifying an no means heavy in this market, yet it

cost.-Ocala Banner., price paid was about thirty-five cents improvement. Mr. Merwin and one is impossible to advance the price,
There is
The Tropical Sun, while friendly to, per pound. considerable tobacco or two others have done so, and auction sales being made at a dis
in this for
4 the 'World's Fair project, says that firm also have county number yet of sale. This arranged their grounds tastefully. We couraging low figure the past few
Dade county cannot possibly contrib. a hands at were indebted to the courtesy of Mr. weeks. It will probably be but a few

ute anything toward it because she is work stripping and packing tobacco. and Mrs. Merwin and Mrs. Gillettefor years more, however, when oranges

j opening a county road 105 miles long Hon. L. B. Wombwell, Commissionerof : much pleasure during our visit. will have little more value than apples.

down the coast, with many bridges; the Agriculture information, requests of those us to state for Their fine house is a great addition to There is no crop more certain, and

also building a county jail; also has interestedthat the place. Florida and California have a sufficientarea
this date
after ,
to devote a large part of her small in no more tobacco Nature has been lavish in perform. of productive territory to producea
seed will be distributed
come to the development of schools. the supply'having ing her full share towards the adorn- crop of fifty times the present size,
been exhausted. The commissioner of The river has if A fault
ment Rockledge. not even greater. great
The first snow of the season fell he has distributed
says seedto washed the rocky formation into so with the orange is that it,cannot enter
;, Thursday evening. It was so light about twelve hundred
persons many pretty points and coves that culinary purposes to the extent of
that it did not cover the ground but
throughout the State, who have as- the entire river front for miles couldbe apples, and this fact alone will serveto
the light rain that followed sleeted serted their intention
of entering into
transformed into a scene of prevent it retaining its value in
and probably cut off the early blooming the cultivation of tobacco either in "
with other fruit.
constantly increasing beauty, competition
peach crop. Friday morning was place of cotton or as an independentcrop. with the hotel grounds, a veritable -- -. -
one of the coldest of the season, and .-Tallahasseean.

sent themercury down to 28 above The Escambia County Alliance offered fairy-Iand.-Indian--4 .*River Advocate. 17t:1 FENCINC

zero, 4 below freezing.-St. Andrews premiums for the best crops, and He loved his horse, even as an Arab would and
Messenger. grieved see him suffer and die even as if he was f.: WIRE ROPE SELVASE.
these have been awarded.
lately Someof ,
human so he listened when one told of SalvationOil o'
Badly needed-something else be. the crops reported were so large as ,and to-day his horse is well and he is happy.

sides natural means to properly cure to move the incredulity of those who

the Vuelta Abajo leaf. As each sea- were not so fortunate as to carry off I CURE I

son rolls around in this portion of any of the prizes. A, farmer writing gJTJ

Middle Florida we will be more and in the Pensacola News, asks some trou- When I say cure I do
for a time and then have them return again. I mean a
more subject to climatic change. A blesome questions: "The past season radical cure. I hare made the disease of FITS EPI-
method .that will do the curing work has been so dry in West Florida that LEPSY or FALLING SICKNESS a life-long study. I RABBIT l'k POULTRY FENC .
warrant my remedy to cure the worst cases. Because Pr.Wt! Pal4. Ktamn irona mm met co..cwUJel, ,
up quickly and well is surely needed the outside world will compare the others have failed is no reason for not now receiving a -- ---- ---- ----
among the growers. If they were in weather record and crop report with cure. Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle of you need stationery of any kindpaperpens
Poet Office.
Give and DO
my infallible remedy. Express .
and ink? If so,send to DaCosta Fri ting -
possession of such a method, no more astounding amazement. They want II. G. BOOT, M. C., 183 Pearl St., N. Y. and Publishing:House,Jacksonville, F1a'JANUAI'.Y




"CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To ,WRITE to W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla., for .
regarding his book on nature's HlORIDAOlSPATCH! FOR SALE.
law that controls the sex. It is of great value to ROWS
insure insertion in this column, advertise- stock breeders, for with it you can have either ,.1ARMIa a I J'
ments must be accompanied by the money. male or female at will. No humbug, because it F EofR FARMCRSALUANCC We have some of the finest Trust Proof lakefront
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. can be had to be paid for when you are satisfiedas J it.rT.Ihe4MY.ruN properties in the whole State.
Postage Stamps received in payment. to its merits. n.I<)<-lot LI f 11 OKUUOATtD JArtu+uL IMS Phosphate lands, garden and truck lands, nur-
Count every word,including name and address.WANTItDYoung ---- -- sery stock and general supplies for the plantationor
GRAPEVINES best earliest and grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.I'AGE.C .
FOREIGN varieties, selected by years' CHAS. W. DACOSTA Publisher. HAMMOND.Auburiulale .
Jersey bull full blooded experience in Florida. Chasselas Luttichau, Mad
a year old, or good milking eleine Blue and others. Send for circular. H. I-7-tf
stock, at moderate pnce. To save freight, as VON LUTTICHAU, Earleton, Fla. n-i2-3m Terms of Subscription: ------ ---
near address as possibffe. Address GEO. I. BUTLER -
Bowling Green DeSoto County Fla. it jj AKI (JAPAN PERSIl\t IO )- ,ooo IIachaiya, For one year...... ................. .....5200 '"
Hyakume. Vernon and Zlngt trees, 3 to 6
5 0 0 0 fine orange and lemon budi. Price 300. set high. Also 3,000 of fine variety not yet For six months ..... ... ...... .. ....... 1 00 a
f. o. b. Also very desirable real estateat named by the Department of A culture. Local = c o:
a great bargain. J. L. DERIEUX Lakeland names: Sanford's Imperial,Triumph,etc. Trees Subscriptions In all cases cash In ad- r )
Fla. 1-28-41 2 to 3 feet. All for sale cheap. J. R. MclRViN vance. 04 21
Gainesville,. Fla. 11 5-iot '"
FOR SALE CHEAP-A car-load of first-class Hates! of Advertising on application. 2"
budded orange trees,different varieties, never p
injured by frost. H. P. WALKER Auberndale, REMITTANCE should be made by Check I Iy 92G Z

Polk Co., Fla. 1-28-41 or would exchange for bearing Move and pay Postal Note, M/ney Order, or Registered Let- 1
cash difference Forty acres of nch Pine Ham-
FOR SALE-A limited quantity of very fine Lo- mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with i ter, to order of
goats. Also bearing orange lemon and plank causeway % mile Ion'*, with dock and
peach grove Address E. D. COATES,.Stanton, ferry; x mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER
Fla. 1-28-4t River; 4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA. AND FRUIT GROWER,

SWEET CASSAVA seed stalks, $1.50 per barrel TREADWEL.L-, Jacksonville Fla. nz
cars. R. H. SMITH, Lawtey Fla. Redding. Conn. A

1-21-41 ao N W [ aZ

FOR SALE-Pure Bronze turkeys and eggs in FREE FREE FREE r y

their season; gobblers; hens, $S per pair; THE SOWER HAS 'I Ng C r-I c
82.50 dozen. Pure Brown >81
eggs Leghorn eggs, 0 () -4 1 'I RA
for 13. Orders for turkey eggs booked and filed No SECOND CHANCE. AI
in order. Ten dollar orders for eggs delivered (Good tense tart mete the meet of the flritj II 1
free, by express. D. C. CUTLER Ocala, Fla :.
1214t FBRRY'S'5EDS
--- ---
--- --
WANTED-At once, two thoroughbred pigs .....
age and price. LOCK Box No. 4.
Leesburg, I la. i-2i-2t
L WALLACE JENKINS, of Lake Helen, is have made and kept Ferry's Seed Business!
e handling one of the heaviest, and by far the the largest in the world-Merit Tells.Ferry's WHITNER'SGARDENING .
driest Western Tobacco stems brought into the Seed Annual for 1892 Is
State. Yours respectfully L. WALLACE JENKINS.
1-21-31 tells the whole Seed story-Sent free for the
asking. Don't sow Seeds till you get It.D.M.FERRY .
FOR SALE-North Carolina strawberry crates &CO..Petroit.Micha SPRAYINGSpraying
for shipments by express. Solid top ,
and bottom, tin corners; already put up with 32 P.0.Box 1071 IN FLORIDA '.: i'.A.ffA1
baskets. Address LOT ALLENJR., Interlachen, i .

TICELLO, FLA. It-26-tf ,ij a

CHOICE budded orange trees vigorous and young men for the active duties of life. 1 the
stocks from to inches in di- V you
; on x 2 and
Chartered by the Legislature Virginia
ameter; 25C and 300. f. o. b. at Oviedo. PHILLIPS endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council, I Fungicide.
Chuluota Fla. 1-14-41 and prominent citizens of the city where located.
For catalogue circulars and testimonials,address S .
WANTED-Good gardeners shares. to Teams work furnished.fresh river J. GrDUNSMORE.: President,Staunton Va. theproper
0 t : t time.
Also, choppers wanted immediately. Address I. "-
M. DEPKW, Manatee, Fla. 1-14-41 1lb.s6r1 1WI FAVORITE SINGER. \7e manufacture all kinds of Fungicides and Insect-
-++' ..... NEW HIGH I ARM. leides of the beet qualities, and put them up in the
TOR SALE-one second hand WashingtonHand Style as shown in cut,with fall most convenient and economical forms for both dealer.
I' Press for sale cheap at this office setattacHments selt.s tfngDee- Until April 1 1st, 1892, I will mall to and users. Our pamphlet-the
Write for particular dIe and self-threading shuttle. ABC OF AGRICULTURE,
You can get WEw: machines OITLT all subscribers remitting $2.00 for contains useful and interesting information abort
BEGGAR WEED SEED-Perfectly clean and 9'of manufacturers. Save Canvas the Fruit Garden the Orchard and Vegetable Garden
free from chaff; sow 6 to 8 poundsper sers'Commissions of$25. Sent on renewal ,and how to get good
or new subscription a
acre,broadcast and harrow in; supply limited; trial. Warranted 5 years.
price per pound, any quantity, 25C., or by mail I GARDEN SEEDS FREE!
35C. Send cash with order to EXCELSIOR SEED of "Whitner's Gardening In Flor
FARM, Kenka, Putnam Co., Fla. I-7-tf Isr ?i pay Freight Philadelphia. It ciTeS prices and descriptions of Fungicides and
Insecticides,and the most approved Spraying Pompsand
ida. Outfits. Special departments on Truck Farming
FOR SALE-Fine.iJiealthy LeConte pear trees STATE BANK OF FLORIDA and Staple Crops. The book Is) free.
spring planting; also peach, plum, pecan, To all who remit $4.00 I win( send W. POWELL & CO.,
etc. D.L. PIERSOX Monticello, Fla. 1-7-41
Chemical Fertilizer :Manufacturer, ,
FOR SALE-Rose, Azure and Blue Zanzibar "YOT lycoiti'oiiA." I this paper and the "World's Colum- BALTIMORE MD., U.S.A.

lily plants and seeds. Plants,Hoc each,
Seeds, 250. per package. W.. E. PALMER, Lake JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. bian Exposition Illustrated," for

one year, the subscription price of
FOR SALE-A special lot of Tardiff orange trees, Capital $30,000.00DEAFNESS EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR
to five feet, %to ij inch stocks; grape which Is $3.00 per annum.C. !
fruit and sour orange roots. Strictly handsomeand IT.
thrifty. Address A. L. DUNCAN, Milwaukee W. DACOSTA lowest-priced Flrst-class Hatcher made.
Nurseries, Dunnedin,Fla. l--3t Simple,Perfect, Self.neruJaUDI.

SALE 300; Tardiff treesi*to 2-inch stocks 1'UIIL1SIIE1
FOR possible to grow them. 500 ITS CAUSES AND CURE
1Tardifftrees'ito 1*-inch stocks very fine trees. PERSIMMONS, Plums, Mammoth
SOO Tangerines, ij/ to *-inch stocks; are .fine Scientifically treated by an aurist of worldwide JAPANESE,Japan Walnuts,hardy orange Ui -
trees. reputation Deafness eradicated and hliiu. Also ornamental stock rare bulbs,seeds,
5000 Niagara vines of my own growing, finer entirely cured, of from 20 to 3J years'stand ng etc. Olive, fig trees and grapevines. Goods sent
vines than I ever saw. Write for catalogue and after all other treatments have failed. How safely by Freight, Express or mail.
manual. JAMES MOTT, Orlando, Fla. 12-31-41 the difficulty 1* reached and the cause removed Send for our new, finely illustrated catalogue Thousands in neere..fuloperatlou.
fully explained In circular", with affidavits Address .
TO LET-A furnished cottage entire or en and testimonials cures from promi- H. H. BERGER & CO., Guaranteed to hatch o
suite. Healthful location,near station school, nent people, mailed free San Francisco, Cal. a larger percentage u
church, etc Address BARLOW, Iluntington Fla. of fertile eggs attitt
12314tFOR Dr. A.FOIrTd1NE,19East" 14thft .N.Y Established 1878. fart than any other inenbttor
Bend 60.for Bios.Catalogue.
SALE-A fine orange grove. For particu _--- ____ __ ___ ___ _______ ____ ___ _n___________________ __ tste.t m1 Ja1etter
apply to F. REHBEHIT Interlachen, Put GEO.H.STAHL.Quincy.llLGKbii
nam.Co., Fla. 12-24.6t 1 .
----- ----- ------ --

FOR SALE-Choice Paper Shell Pecans, for New Planet Jr1 TOOiSg AND STUMP PULLKK.
I have 50 to 100 lbs. at 500 per lb. W.
A. BOURS,Jacksonville Fla. 12-24-51 ,
UTE have the most practical and powerful Grubbing -
FOR SALE-Choice budded orange trees, must Among other things TWO NEW GARDEN DRILLS. OnesowseitherIN \\Y Machine on earth. Simple in construc-
sold to make tion and operation. Will pull a lo-inch tree or
room; Satsuma Pineappleand
DRILLS OR HILLS, the other in addition sows FERTILIZERS EITHER
horse in minutes' time.
Homosassa. Correspondence solicited. Price, stump with one 2 to 4
5C. T. D. WILLIAMS: Secretary Waldo, Fla. ABOVE OR BELOW THE 8EED. Will do the work of 10 men. With proper care it
will last a life time. We have a safety lock, a
---- - ---- -
---- --- "
EXCHANGE White Great improvements too in "PLANET JR. COMBINED SEED DRILL ANDWHEEL the that saves wearing the
TO Niagara and othar take-up on spool rope
grape cuttings for fig cuttings; White Adri- HOE, in the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL HOES and marked I out in a' short time-one of the principal objections -
atic, Celesta, Brunswick, Brown Turkey and changes in HORSE HOES AND CULTIVATORS.The to all other machines of this cla!"s. We
Marseilles!, or other good varieties, or Hart's guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of
\ choice Bananas.. I. M-JPsPEw_ ,_Manatee._Fla. fine NEW TOOLS offered in 1891 are made still more attractive for 1892. machine complete F. O. Sigourney, Iowa,

SALE-Handsome- branched Kieffer pear SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE and full description of all the |Write 75 and for$85. Agents wanted. Territory for sale.

FOR three years old, some bearing. Ad- goods as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. catalogue.IOWA GRUBBER CO.,

dress J. H. GIRARDEAU. Monticllo, Fla. 12-I0-6t S. L. ALLEN & CO., 1107( Market St., Philadelphia, Pa. ie-22-iTt Sigourney, Iowa.





--------- --- -

THEJacksonville Tardiff Orange and Leonardy Grape Fruit..

Tampa- ,
LAST spring buds on stocks from % to 2 inches in diameter. As thrifty, healthy .ta s
an well-rooted trees as can probably be found in the State. The Leonard= o

Grape Fruit, though a hybrid grape fruit and sweet orange, is practically a typical

& Key West SystemAND grabs fruit of superior quality. Also :Mango:\ and Avacado pear trees. 4A ,

11-12-3111 CYRUS ,,". BUTLER, St. Petersburg: Fin. AI



-- Organs, : IN UNITES STATES.

Extending Southeast, South and t $35. : Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
On trial in Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. Florida Central* and Peninsular
e i i -
Southwest from Jacksonville, cover yobetore !'. From REV.JAS M. POTTS,D D.,editor of Mich-
paying for igan Christian Advocate Detroit, tich.: "To say thatAddresi RAILROAD,
over one thousand miles of tropical I Ive are delighted with the Piano does not express
the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instrumentsThe THE FLORIDA, TRUNK LINEFormerly
._ country and reach all prominent T.SwoRe & Son Pianos & Organs I are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as
( the F. R & N. Co.) offers Increased
FALLS PA this "
BEAVER one, your patrons will rise by the hundred.
faculties this season for travel to Florida,
winter and summer pleasure resortsof From PROF. E. II. PECK Valhermo Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with hart!g in addition to Its old and popular
the casing or tone:quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." connections, the LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE -
Florida : From 13. D. GRIGGS Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is It. R at the River Junction, and the
all vou claim it to be." GtOIUJIA SOUTHERN &: FLORID:V (the
From Y M. C. A per J. G. COOLEY, Hillsboro N. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. suwnnuee River route to Florida'' arrangedfora
THE EAST COAST, Livery one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same." new r-.ute from the West and Northwe -
BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot, Ark.: \ family is well pleased in every respect!' with the ",t via Montgomery, ilnbridge and Monti-
THE GREAT LAKE REGION, irgtmFrom you sell them so cheap is a wonder. cello. carrying .hrniigh sleepers from *. IN

THE PHOSPHATE FIELDS, UINNATI The road TO has no less than
THE PINEAPPLE FIELDS, Seven Points of Connection With ,

THE ORANGE GROVESAND ::1ROCERS i mi COMMISSION MERCHANTS.S namely Fernandlna the,North Callahan, ckRonvllle,

Live Oak, Lake City: M.utlcello *nd River
THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE Junction, making comfortable connectionswith
-DEALERS N- Chicago Kall 1S .'try and all northernciti
SECTIONS. 8, for which tills r>ad is specially In

Coal Bay Grain Winrs' Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc au rated.
The] Florida Central

Peninsular Railroad

THREE THROUGH TRAINSVIA is Of ;rente:l a levy of travel through the
flut-M of Florida
i parts traversing twenty-
,'a rk er..... -...............,,.7lS J ttlsrtItt Kro.............................*3.OC four ('oun'lt! R-IHlen.( JtfTcison, Duval.
J ra II ICe Valley......._.................... 2.00 Virginia Gludes.I ............._...:-....,.. 4.00 Alarlun Lake, Leon, Suwar.ute. Nassau
>prf tig Vftilcy.............._........._.._ 2.5O I Old Kourbnn............._.-,.__._ 5.00 LC'I y, O angp. 111111*.'rough. WaKulla.
North Caro ilia Corn._... ._...... 2 AO Kentucky Suiir Jla.hli ?_....._. :5.01) ('olu bia, liMY, 1\1I.rluli. t'< Ik, Manatee.
Tod OlCari1uLine1 Clifton Club _....._.................... ............. Old Uukcr_......... _...................__ 5.01' M.u.lll"ou. Baker, BrwHfonl, ,Mimter. Her-
MOlltrollic! Velvet __..........................86.00 nan'o and Oc" their -IclHRt portion
It runs! through the MHIDI.B 0.n...:-
Jigs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c. Remit bypostoffic* G OVOF uiLL.toUNTKY\vliereart. : "' th fine old

[ : These lines are equipped with the honey order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. to dry towns. Lands and the Neiv'l'obaCCO
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list sent free on application. Farming :

, latest improved modern appliances for Farms
To"hn Oln.-rkt Ron % Oo.
reached> by no other I ne) Mime of them
:1 the safety and comfort of passengers. cot.duc.ed: on a large ale Ho.e arc Quincy,
Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery Tal .*liH>,se Mho. capital), Mouliceilo: Madl
Our patrons call therp the son a d other towns, from whose comfortable
ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. simple tlweiiiugt! rl"'O. .Iug in a fertile
country, iRromlig: M lens wed energy to em-
nluy the I resource. lavished about ih iuKtrtUhlng .

Trains leave Jacksonville, via J., T. '[lie Peach ( otiutry
Augusta Georgia.
of Baker, Kradfr.rd, Alachua and Levy conn-
& K. W., 8.50 a. m., daily except tie, through Ui* j rosprrou.' < .

I We other for Fall and winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental tree. Strawberry Farms
] Sunday ; 12.15 p. m., daily ; 4.00 p. U>HrH, t'alniH", eta suited 10 Florida, All the new Peaches lately originated In Florid .
of %
!t Vl If\(> a superb stock", of Evergreens, Camellias, Greenhouse" plants,etc. awteyHtMrkeand Vald.sperhapssuperior
i I m., daily except. Sunday. Arrive 6.30. Our products have been tested In Florida for thirty-three years; pist. Uatal guwsfreeNo in pn.llt hcar to of the the orange Ante,trov.It penetrating KOCH throughthe H .m* of
I 6.10 ir CD t2i. Addrc.-, the fluent gloves one having
a. m., 12 55 p. m., p. m.

Trains leave Jacksonville, via East P. J. BRRGKMANS, 70,000 Fiill-Ixaring Orange

A UtUJot. (} \. Trees,

Coast Lines, 8.00 a. m., daily; 4.00p. passing for nearly a mile between them-
making Its way southward to the Gulfaud to
m., Sunday only; i.oo p. m., daily NURSERIES Or THE the more tropical; nortlons of the State. In
oil portion! of toe 8 rte it reaches points of

; except Sunday. Arrive 11.50 a. m., Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co. Scenic Interest.
\Vakulla 8irin In the Wet, the Suwannc
i 5.40 p. m.INDIAN. River as t. autlrt)' and romantic as li 1faiiioiis
selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.Bn'idingWood l**ilve' /wiTlnas: t the lake region
and the takes themselves with their sun
RIVER for sale at all times. Interspersed
rounding" of rolling land witt
Our stock Is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. For pleasant homes In green grove, sloping Bowl(
I Leave Titusville 6.00 a m. daily Catalogue and Price- t. address' t.t the clear lake fr.nts Bv means ol tlih
road you can nio'-t readily reach the

except Sunday for Rockledge, Eau A L. DUNCAN, ManagerDunedin, Fla. HiiiH' log nut! Fishing Grounds.The .

Gallie Melbourne and landings. ettler wl I flu 1 on the line of this mud
way 1892 -For Years ., givulfrroj'p rtuuity t >r a arced set tiur <
Over Thirty 'Inn i th.f HI: a.y olir: road In the M1t-
, Leave Titusville 7.00 p. m Mon- '.t-ii i ililite I foils to hole! underlaid wit..
we have always had very pleasant dealings together, the "a.\ iin<( srl. t.nd of rlcheni!. h8mn.. cR-
da>s, Wednesdays and FridaS, lor public and myself and them I again Annual have the Vegetable pleasure and of Jirilito, Iets.arrnixed: farmlrg, *ti
presenting my
Flower Seed Catalogue. It contains.the usual Ism I.t m ng ,iK'wh or strawberry LUII| I%,
Jupiter and way landings : Connecting immense variety of seed with such new kinds! addedas .,rxuoff;. v. .> n-J vryetMile! gardens.
have proved to be real acquISItions1 1S1Dg:manyof Tiif .ur.\t will tin gn t tied with lt..
with trains of & Ltiv. r these- varieties myself, on my four seed farms. C.1.1 iy h" hthwfK*-! on Its amplt
at Jupiter J. ?'Al o G and testing others I am able to warrant! their freshness roll. CHI i nn.J vonifR|.ot adapted to hU7Mn
and purity,under such reasonable conditions as are contained 's' On tlili ..d I 1y. r. sdi of Middle
\ Railway (for all points on Lake w in my Catalogue. Having:been their original! mtrow I 'Iurlas 'h" h-.r.rrssan wl I tide with n}>etd
ducer I headquarters for choice Cory Corn Miner Melon "
am .. .
tndatt f 4't!oii. Hr.d 'the Florida Central
Eclipse feeet. Hubbard Squash Deep Head, All.
i i Worth. Cab Etc.Etc- Catalogue KJtKE: to all. i" IU.I' eui'VUiar is the1)Orts'lIal1'H
1892. J. J. II. OltEGoitY do MON, Mitrblehend, Mat. I Hoiiie.Nof .

\ For schedules, maps etc., call on .
Northern >
E.T.Al.'a., I II'.I'i p : lnK-engm from con f c.IIOIIH
ii \in tlcfctMK over the Florida entra
) ocal agents, or address the General THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY and ."-..I'll'uhu t". po nts In South Florid
have the 1 jmvil-ge of being taken Into Jack
: Passenger Agent. FLORIDA. konvi ''e over Company's line and allowe*
I I JACKSONVILLE a stop ovt-r within; h.., going limits of the
I R. B. CABLE .W. L. CRAWFORD. Office 50 West Bay. Street, Warehouses ant 'Whirre a. th-.,rm1na'of the F. C. &.P. R. R, ticket, with returnio their route (or destlna
,I St.Johns River, East Jack soviMe.iManufacturers lion free of .xtra charge. Send for map'
General Manager, Supt. East Coast Lines, Florida, mailed five

ti J.,.T.& K. W. System. St. Augustine,Fla. of Commercial l Fertilizers: A. O. MACDONELL, O. P. A.Jacksonville. '

Wholesale de lets In and Importerhof kind- of Ag'icultural CturaJciU\
N. t>. l'tJNNI:: G'roN.Trafric Manager. .
General ,
Passenger Agent. Send us your name and we will mall you fr irn tim* t. tlnn much general taforrn.tttonregarding MAXWEL* .'ienor Mana&el
t Jacksonville Fla.' successiul orauge and vegetable culture In Florida.

I .


". .




Corr 0 Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

eSPOl1dcl1C -C:' ,'"" Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,
SoII elt fl. -L. U-8 Bed-Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattan

,Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
WE SELL **//Vn n. ""ll"ii" *aifcfc_ Styles.

. 2 /



1 LA.
Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and

Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.

Hotels Boardintr Houses Shios, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.

1 -When writing,please mention this paper. .




DIAMOND) "Dw' HARDWOOD ASHES in themselves are one of the most valuable their continued use a strong productive soil is being made which will require years

Ltfertilizers ; and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric to exhaust. .

acid is required, no agent is so valuable for the decomposition of Bone, or Florida This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood ;Ashes

Phosphates, as"these ashes. to be the best in the Florida market. They are now better than ever, and, without

The combination produces a fertilizer rich in all the elements required by light doubt, are the cheapest fertilizer Florida growers can usp. For other particulars

soil, and in a condition that prevents leaching by rains, the result being that in address .

II-S-3m C. E. DePUY, Stockbridge, Mich.jYiNGQUTFITSPERFECTION .


S. Htnt. Latest Improved ana Cheapest. Our Perfection."
ilmplre Pumps utir the liquid tatcmnUeally will spray 10O Tree Per Hour.the 'j "
W e mk Little Gem and Ga teld Knapaaek Sprayers and the Verm ore!,fin
pray noise,most economical pray notile f So the world. ..1110.Horse Power Sprayer at low price. (
W.llell Sulphate of Copper.Part Green and l..nadllD Purple at wholeiale prices Cataloirne trce.Writ.addrell Orange Growers and Vegetable Growers.
plalnJ.shIDI: oounty.FJE FORCE PUMP CO.18 6 ItrUtol AYe.LOCKPOltTN.Y.NEW .

DISCOVERY ACCIDENT Who wish to obtain the highest market prices on their- Oranges and Vegetables to,
use the fertilizers manufactured by the

IB compounding a solution a part WM accidently spilled on and on washing afterward It was discovered that the hair was com-
plet ly removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation, on the OLD ESTABLISHED AND RELIABLE FIRM,.
market and BO great hat been the demand tbat we are now introducing
throughout( the world under the name of Queen's AntiHairine.IT .
Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the
lair dtQappean as If bT magic without the al1&"htelt pain or in jury when ol Piuvlucltct, 11. I.,
appllN or ever afterward. H unlike any otber preparation ever need .
fora like pUrpol'e. Thou and8 of LAnIER who haTe been annoyedwltb Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizQrs)
hair on their FA CE NECK' and ARMS attest its merite.
GENTLEMEN who do not appreciate beard or hair on their neck, are so made that they keep up a Vigorous! Healthy Growth, and remain in the:,* I
find a priceless) boon in Queen' ADtI-IJalrlne which does away soil until the Tree or Plant can take it up. .
wlthBhavlng. by rendering its future growth an utter impossibility.nillrlM .
rrlce of Queen's W. per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxes!';,postage paid by us(securely Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.O. ,
ee.led from observation! ). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondenee '
strictly confidential. This advertisement Is honest. and straight forward in every word it B. WEEKS, State Agent,
oontatna. We Invite Ton to deal. with n*and you will find everything' as represented. Cut this out and "" '
tend to-day." Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can Xo. 8 Bostivick Rloclt. '* j' -
re&failure letter at a-T Poet! office to Insure Its safe delivery. Uwill pay 8500 for any case
or or sliekteit Injury to any purcha,er. Every bottle guaranteed. Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free
SPEeIIL-'I'o!*4iM who IntrodoM and sell among their friends 25: Bottles Queen's Anti-Hairine. application.Our .
.. upon
win pr Mnt with a SILK DRESS,15 yards best silk Extra
of silk to Mlvct from sent with order. Good Salary or Commliiioa ttoAg ntsod' J fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever" they have beer
used. 10-29-Gm(;


iNo more hard times if you plant Salrer's Seed Whyt Because they are rigor.I Ijo c a .
le and prolific. You have often seen seed come un sick!' and weak, with not| OF
enough life to produce a trod! That waunt Salrer'n Seeds. They don't act that
r way. They are full of life and vigoU When you sow you expect to reap. That's
K J eternally right. If you wish to reap big crops, good rw** = e FANCY POULTRY.
I seed must be sown. That's why I want you to send for a, I x ,
ti ,
|my the Only peedsman making
I i Weed*a specialty Use 6,000 acres. ;New \\hcot,liar s"" f
Sley,Oats Corn,etc. Largest grower of Seed .', ATTEXTIOX

r POTATOES In the world.
s f./ ;Go TJEREAFTER all fowls sent
trio samples Farm Seeds for Be portage! t II
fromat myoneyardshalf express
FOR12 cts. will former
i .. F rates-a great saving to my cus- .
to Introduce Korthera Grow Seeds
my everywhere
kJ I oner postpaid:- ? tomers. This Is by special arrangement
i 1 l>kg. A ?s. and is confined to
a" 1 PUg. Radish, I f\ Pig listed In, 5, ,n fowls from my yards.
ZCR : t Pkg.Lettuce, ( 9 no Catalog in] g11S.FER ACRE -S .,- We are the largest breeders of
b A
., I I'kg.Tomato, f America under i 1'' thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
5 1'kpu Elegant COc.
MARVEL SPAENG Flower heed, I Come and see our stock or send
Elegant Seed Catalog Ge,with 9 pkgs 17c. for our illustrated catalogue and
t price list of 14 varieties.
L +' Poultry supplies of all kinds.
t gl S : 's.- Incubators and Brooders, Shell
31..L: and Bone Mills, Clover-Cutters,
: s y Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and

YOUR FRUIT TREES i VINES Boiled Blood and Bone to make
AY .____ ; hens lay.

Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight of A-p plea.Pears Cherries, CinD Si'iAt 1 EGGS TO HATCH.
Q(1 Grape and Potato Rot.Plum Onrcnba prevented by using LAUULQIUn OUT F I TMJ
tag all injurious Ineecta m&UedfrM. Large stock of Fruit Trees, l1Ua
Bot om
aodDerryl'laDtJI at Price Address WJ1.STAiU Qulnc j, Ormond.Fli





} Clyde Steamship Co.: SAVANNAH LINE.Time .

53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and 'Philadelphia, and

NEW YORK, CHARLESTON AND FLORIDA LINES. between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

---- -- -.. --- -
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail follows, calling at Charleston, S.> C., -X* .

Both ways : IPAsi4ct R :atesl: '.(,

(STANDARD TIME.) Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class. $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion $t3.3o
From New York. From .Jacksonville,
(Pier E. R.) STEAMER Florida. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate $21.00; Excursion $47.30; Steerage $14.25
The of this to sail follows
magnificent Steamships Company are appointed as :
Wednesday Jan.- 27th at 3 P. K. .....CHEROKEE,"......Tuesday, Feb. 2d at 7:00 A. M
t Friday Jan. 29that3p.K..SnMINOLE..Thursday, Feb. 4th, at 9:00: A. M: FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
Monday, Feb. 1st at 3 P. M....... "IROQUOIS.". .....Sunday Feb. 7th at IIIOOA.M [Central or 900 Meridian Time.]
Wednesday Feb. 3d, at 3 P.M..... "YEMASSEK,".......Tuesday, Feb. 9th, at 1:30 p. M
Friday. Feb. Sth. at 3 P. a:......."ALGONQUIN,"......Thursday, Feb. nth, at 2x10 p. M Kansas! .Monday, Febuary ist, 7.00 p.m
Monday Feb. 8th,at 3 P. H...... ""CHEROKEE" ...Sunday, Feb. I4th at 5:00: A. M Chattahoocho .,.;..Wednesday, February 3d, 9.00 a.m
Wednesday, Feb. lothat3p.M..SRl\IINOLE..Tucsday. Feb. 16th, at 7:30: A. M .EebruarySth.Ii.ooa.m
Feb. Feb. i8th, at 8:00A.M City of UirniiiiKliam. February 6th, iz.oom
Friday of .............................'.
Monday Feb. 15th, at 3 P. M.... "YKMASSEE," .....Sunday, Feb. 2ist, at 10.00 A. M: City Augusta Monday, February, 2.30 p.m
Wednesday Feb. i7that3P. M......ALGONQUIN," .....Tuesday, Feb. 23d, at 13:00 NO'N Tallahassee.\\edn s<;lay, February ioth,4oopm
Feb. Feb. 25th at Kansas City. Fetruary 12th,3.30a.m
i Friday Monday Feb. 19th.at3p.M..CIIEROKEE.Thursday.22d: at3P. M.......SEMINOLE"......Sunday, Feb 28th,, at 5:00 2:00:: A.P.M.M Chattahoot-hee...................................................Saturday, February 13111,6.30 p.m
Wednesday b. 24th, at 3 P. M."IROQUOIS.Tuesday, Mar. ist, at 6a oo A..f Nacoochee.:\ February isth 7.00 p.m
Friday, Feb. 26that3p.M'YF.MASSER.Thursday: Mar. 3d at 8:00A.M City of UlrlulllJhalu.....\Vedn 8day. February iTth 8.30 a.m
...... "...... Mar. 6th at City of,,\ : lay February 19th.
Monday Feb. 29th at 3 P.M ALGONQUIN, Sunday, 10:30: A. M Tallahassee.....................................................Saturday, February 2oth io.ooa.rn 9.30a.m
Kansas City.t.Monday, February aid, 12.oo m
Chattahoovhee...............................................Wednesday, February 24th, m
ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.For .,.........Friday, February: 26th,2.30 4.00 p p'm:
City of Birmingham; .:. February 27th,5.00 p.m
Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on City of ; \ February agth 6.30 pirn

St. Johns River. FOR BOSTON.

City of Maron.T sday, February 2d, 8.00 a.m
Gate City. February sth ii.
The Elegant Iron Sid -Wheel Steamers City of Savannah.................................... .......Wednesday, February loth,4.00 p'm a.m
City ofItcoll.., .Sunday February 14th,6 jo: aim
: "CI J.. V OF' jACIiSOI TVI :t E,9., Gate City.\\' February 17th, 8Jo: am
City of Savannah.'-I nday. February 22d, izoo'm
I( CAPT. W. A. SHAW, CityofMacon. February 26th.4.00 p,m
Gate City I \ February 39th, 6.00 p.m


CAPT. T. W. LUND, JR., ( Ship docs NOT Carry Passengers.)

Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily, except Saturday, at 3:30: p. in., and from Sanford :..Tuesday, February 2d,8.00 a.m
daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m. DesMotiff Friday February 12th,5.03 p.m
De! !M ug.) February aad, 11.303."
Leave 3:30: p. :M.......... ............. ....Jacksonville........................ ......Arrive 11:45 p. M ,
8w p. M.... ............... .......Palattta............. ... .............Leave 7:00: p. M Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line
) offer the
1.30 A. M.......................... ..... stor.. .... ............................ :: 2:00: p. M Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equaled by no other line. to
2:45'A.M.: ........... ....... ... ...St. Francis.: .......... .. .. ............... 12:45 P. M: Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, Hast and
5:00 A. M................... .... ....B rcsfo.rd: .............. .................. :: II-.45 A. V Savannah. For information and rooms apply to Northwest''via
6xo A. M...........................Blue Springs.Arrive ......... ................... 11:00 A. M B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent, W. II. LUCAS Fla. Pas .
8xw A. )I....................... '.....Sanfotd........ ........ ........ ...... 9:00: A. M 77 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street.Agent,
9:15: A. M.... .......................Enterprise.............................. If 9:30 A. M R. L WALKER, Agent C. G.ANDERSON,Jacksonville Agent ,
New Pier No.35. North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah Ga.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville.F. RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf?Boston.W. .

:M. IRONMONGER Jr.. Florida 88 West St. JAMES.. Agent. 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.J. .
Passenger Agent, Bay Jacksonville, Fla.
). HASHAGEN! Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Weston Ry. Co., 261
Broadway.N. Y.
W. F. OGI>KN; FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.J. .
G M.SORREL, Manager. W. K. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Agt., Jacksonville Fla
O. PELOT Freight Agent, on wharf foot of Hogn Street Jacksonville Fla. '
F. & W. office.
Tickets to S., Railway
JOHN L. 1IOWA1J>, Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla. For apply
J. A. LESLIE Superintendent Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla. --- e
3IAUSIIALL II. CI YUJ< Assistant Traffic Manager, s Bowling Green, New York. EST ABLISI-IED 1875. ,
TIIJ<:O. G. KGKIt: Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.

' HTM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
Agents, WII1I.: I..M: A.. ::E3C>-LJ-Jt-i.
12 South Wharves riillailelphla. 5 Howling Green, New York. ,


f For 1892 is a beautiful book of one hundred pages,elegantly printed, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
with true Photo-Engravings Colored Plates and plain, reasonable
descriptions of all subjects indicated by its name. It is a Mirror of ,
American Horticulture to date reflecting the very complete supply
of Seeds, Plants and Flowers of our: Stores and Greenhouses. 20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA .

tor the Garden, Lawn and Farm with all additions to date. I HANDLE COMPLETE STOCK
For 24C. ((12 2-cent stamps) we mail one bulb each Jacobian Scarlet
1 Lily and new Tuberous Begonia. Our BOOK with each oT these offers. Hay Corn Oats Flour BranWheat Grits Meal
R For 40c. we mail one plant Grand Chrysanthemum Waban.(see cut) ,
the sensation of this season's flower shows, mammoth pink flowers ten
WUAH CHUMHfrltiMUM. inches in diameter. MENTION THIS PAPER. WRITE NOW COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark.



." V/.17.C.k2r.V, A ROOT LAST'%reel BEAR; see like"Frolti WHOLB and J. E. Tygcrt & Co.'sStar ,
:Fruit Trees"Free. Amer. NITRATE SODA,
Garden lays:!love!.USEFUL to the point. Orange Judd Brand Fertilizers
Farmer:Ably written gives trusty INFORMATION..
Fruit Crotf r/Barprlilng LOW prices I Apple Pear.Cberiory.PlnmPRUNE.Peach.Ap'tQslnee.Nat.Or.Treee. MURIATE OF POTASH
ROSES-n? Bocaeftper.STAKK RKOSM 71 it Bt.,Louisiana SULPHATE POTASH,
> .-Founded 1825:OLDEST IOOO Acres;LAKOELT. Orange Tree and Vegetable

Ferttflw' h
A MAN Piano for t a',

!. and =

--- paid only t VINES

l BID 1m S375.FortheveryHaraf. I 1// of the

1' (, AIM otSer SMALL FBCIT8 K.w PcecriptlTe Caufagne Free. T. 8. 1IUBB JLBD FBED05I1.. ..N.J.ASTHMA .
was wortha
nickel over$Ul DI: TAFT'S A8TTTMALENI.
C n never UOs:Kftd 11$Jour
Insure'Yourselfacaiurt .1 11res,we will mail trial UnCUBOTTLK C?p'HEOLTAFT660S.M.CO.ROCHESTEIl.IIT C ? I ALE SICKLYEBiaIc
paying r.r1"w.ilcllt'f""t'f'ahybD1 { L;

& BATES_ Savannah direct fromLUDDEN Ga.DCALLIA1CE For field,garden and CUL.TIVATOK.grove. "The best cultivator $15 Cash with order.-Mote's Hiatt Auto'u -! l OKllIG "HllD [H
I ever saw," is the verdict of all who use it. matJc Single Orange Sizer will size u [
I Whohavebntoe.Pfireandthattheimroetksoya. Works either level bed boxes H indreds in
or on a ;perfectly adjust per day. now use. Send''
|Yoa cnn't pay them more than Instrument able;cleanest cutting; lightest draught. for testimonial sheet; order early. This "abject" e to* SPASMS are moot likely troubled withknowledgedbyalltobe
J are actually worth. They are not built that way. The bent tor thin utho celebrated
Every cultivator fully warranted. Price$(0. the best and cheapest + nUnmO.B.A.FAHNESTOCK'S VERMIFUGE.
Write for
latest SPECIAL OFFEnSe GODBEY & HARRIS, I sixer in existence. E. H. MOTE'S SIZES. Co., t Beensayear.lnns.andneverfail..Obeeneco!
Waldo Fla. Leesbnrg; Fla. io-22-iot Uriy*>tatrhi&IUalar9B.A tbu..'oidtnwlm t&t:1ozwr :






'. \ .,

Blood and Bone, Chicago Bone Meal, .

Pure Fine Ground Bone, jDark and Bright Cotton Seed 1eal.:

,': Animal Bone ana Potash, Tobacco Stems, ,

; : '.,i i. Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes,

Fr"U.1"t an.c1.V1n.e.: :]J3earl.n.grree: : ; : ..\( .
: ran.geFree IFoocai, YO"1.1n.g -rrees.Vege1i .

,'b1e ai.d: Jo"'ta1io ,

GKEO. E. WILSON hid lf,
50 West Bav Street, Jacksonville


As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export good quality and
land oranges in good condition in the foreign markets. ,
Messrs. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest, best and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of the Liverpool market, that the demand is now so large that 5,000..
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival.
As one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge of the carrying ability of steamers enablesme
to,select tho'best to ship by. .
Representing the best firms! in LiverpOol and Glasgow, and having nlY own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send through me.
In order to export oranges, shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward, I will have the same placed on the...
best and fastest steamer,and send a Bill of Lading as evidence of shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New Yorkfi
ca the owner may designate, or sell it myself at auction.
The best steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool, so that a cable report of sales is received in New York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about the '
a *mntof the proceeds is then sent on account to the shipper, by me. In twenty days from date of shipment from Florida it is thus possible to have the proceeds in
the hands of the shippers. .
Please note the following facts : I
Large sizes of oranges, 112V12C's. bring as 'much as 150's and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay. 1
Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New York later than December1st.
There is no demand after the holidays until :March 1st.
*"*" Advances of 75c. per box on your fruit will be made to such shippers as need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached.
Further particulars and stencils! will be furnished by '. >:r.
E. L. GOODSELI, No. 103 Park Place,
No. 15 Philpol Lane, London, Eng.ilci" .

; '!: 1':0": : !K<-;"

I, .

Bow kef's

J7egetable Grower.

tWS i.

"Uniform good results In every ref
the very best hi h-graJe Fertilizer I ever
J used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oak
\11 Groves, Manatee, FJa.

a j! 'G4' a9agwI. I

I. we o_ VEGETABLES GROW in 60 to 90 days,

do best on a manure that '

I is available and about ready to nourish.

t FERTILIZERS Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer I

: I made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and ;

is composed of chemicals especially adapted to
r A BxOM'1 KU; 11.. .b; IIKM:' tJunUfjr lever Varied. 29(ear''actual test In the Field proves them tuber : ( ;
t unetjuaU rH ri&lsIngl.rgeuops. The purity of the component materials-and Unscientific: ae- vegetables, which feed this class of crops in a I, i
i curacy with which they are combined make Bradley' Fertilizers the most perfect as well as the most
manner to produce a healthy growth which with
,r economical plant-food the orange or vegetable grower can use. Send for beautifully illustrated!
pamphlet stands disease and matures early. For sound,

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO., 27 Kilby St., Boston j AUGUSTAsGA: : delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, use
I the BOWKER Fertilizers.

Saw Grlut Mill.4 H.P.
FARMERS and DeLOlCIl larger.BILL! Catalogue CO., Ga. Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
B tug Wind&Steam Mach'g.Encyclopedia SSc. COMPANY. ) JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
American Well Works,Aurora ilL


Tone,Touch,Workman Durability at I nUbdt LCXL"iGTOS.1o-award at World'Exposition.nook.keeping.BusioeuShort .
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