Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00216
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 21, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00216
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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iL.1 py 1869 I11J/v&wuc.


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Proprietors. ,0. Yo]. I', Xo.3.

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Has proved to be the earliest and finest grape in Florida,being fully two weeks earlier than Niag- ..d :::
CHATHAM ST. BOSTON. ara. All the White Diamond grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shipped
direct by the Diamond White Grape Company of Rochester, N V. They are guaranteed to.be end
strong,healthy two-.ear.old vines and our pnces for the same are as follows: (J)
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished en
on application. FOR CASH, $22 PER lOOor$20OPER 1,000. .wm

ON TIME, $40, $35 or $30 PER 100, ACCORDING TO =

Send for price list and descriptive pamphlet,giving terms for vineyard planting time. Ad-
BROS., dress E. DUBOIS, BOX 182, Tallahassee, Fla. General Agent Diamond White 0- a
BARNETT Grape Company for Florida and Georgia. .
AGENTS Also full stock of Niagara Delaware Ives Cynthiana, Norton, Chassellas, Black Hamburg and o 0
all other leading and new varieties of grape vines,native and foreign. Q aqen

Prompt Wholesale returns.Commission Stencils 159 South, Fruits on water application.and Street Vegetables.,Chicago. NEW BEANS NEW PRICES And Building CHARLESTON Material., S. w C.

G S. PALMER, We now have in stock an extra fine lot of crop of 1891 beans at following prices:

Hastings' Excelsior Refugee.......... 81,50 $S.oo Improved Golden 1.50 5.50Wardwell's
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. Improved Round Pod Refugee........ 1.25 4.50 j Kidney Wax............. 1.50 5.50
Oranges,Lemons, Pineapples, and all other Improved Red Valentine.:......... 1.25 4.25 Flageolet Wax........................ 1.60 5.75 FLA.
Fruits and early truck, also, dried fruits Improved Extra Early RedValentine, 1.40 5.00 I
All consignments promptly remitted for H. G. HASTINGS & CO. Interlachen Fla.Our .
Stencils and market reports furnished free
References: Bradstreets and established 40-page catalogue with revised price-list-free on application., IRRIGATING
merchants and banks of the South.



IIJU have the most practical and powerful Grub.
Vy bing Machine on earth. Simple in construction The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers. ,
and operation. Will pull a lo-inch tree or
stump with one horse in 2 to 4 minutes'time. BOTH
Will do the work of xo. men. With proper care it FOR EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES AND PLUMS.
will last a life time. We have a safety lock, a
take-up on the spool,that saves wearing the rope No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel. No. 34-16-quart gift crate. A
out in a short time-one of the principal objec- No. 42-4 one-half Bushel. I No. 36-32- II STEAM HORSE POVIERU
tions to all other machines of this class. We No. 56-2 II NO.30-32- Standard crate.
guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of
machine complete F. O.B.cars Sigourney,Iowa, Send for catalogues,prices and samples.
$75 and$85. Agents wanted. Territory for sale.
Write for catalogue. SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg Va.
xe-22-xTt Sigourney, Iowa. i ESTABLISHED 1879.


POULTRY FOODS Write for Estimates.


: ,
61 fc 66 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, O.
Nursery Co., Tliotnaa
We are not connected in any way with any son-called Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling
prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited. REFERENCES-Mercantile National Bank ; vflle Ceor< Trade Mark. Wm. Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers; Childs, Groff& Co., ,Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad-
HOLMS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY streets'and R. G. Dun & Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer,"Cleveland. Six l any variety te tedattbe
Will Make Hens Lay! G cRM" Agrtcu-t'1 Ex. Ground
at u nes N Y Color
Will Make Chickens Growl

AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. ;p #: Southernmost Florist Establishment in U. s.GLEN y e greenIBheDite lender. twnt and pulp dolirioUA. -
This food is strictly fresh meat carefully % .or/s0 Tbe oaly Rape
bat ranks flr toot bin
cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermeti- t a ESTABLISHED 1883. t -_ earliness and qutllty.iach .
vine sealed with
cally sealed In 8-lb cans. Being ground fine,it t Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns, -.y- ..ur nglMeied trademark *
can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed C s. Bamboos, Cactus,Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole "'"- Information.la Agents*l. Send wanted forUlar.lnuc
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Prlc l world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of loc. Clean, **i dress STEP"vr" luni. r toO"8.; New canaan.Cfc

30 eta per can; $3 per doz. Address HOLLIS healthy stock. ,I ow prices.REASONEIt.
'o"! BROS., Oiicco, Fla.
Boston,Mass. (fMention paper.'

STATE BANK OF FLORIDA MARY NURSERIESI Before ordering elsewhere,do not fall to sendto
81 me for description of the most complete and
economical Steam Launches using ordinary
"XOI ISCORl'OJtATEJ kerosene:for fuel. Automatic fire regulator.
Ten acres devoted testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million No blowing up or breaking down. Catalogue
JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA. ((250,000)) nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-92 is the most com- .
prehensive we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address free.JOHN ASPINWALL.

Capital$30,000.00 G. L'. TABER, :-: Glen St. Mary, Fla. I Eau Gallia, 12-24.41- Florida.


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: |[LO_L ) f\TILl1A\ : DISPATCH

f:' 1869



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DACOSTA}- & BOWERS. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JANUARY 21, 1892. .Vhole .',0."' 1198 Yol.IY NEW SERIES, So. 3.roprletors. .

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Has proved to be the earliest and finest grape in Florida, ,being fully two weeks earlier than Niagara. =:
CHATHAM ST. BOSTON. All the White Diamond grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shipped
57 direct by the Diamond White Grape Company, of Rochester, N. Y. They are guaranteed to.be md
strong, healthy two-year-old vines and our prices for the same are as follows: 00
Price Catalogues of weekly Bales furnishedon
application. FOR CASH, $22 PER 100 or$20O PER 1,000. ,

ON TIME, $4O, $35 or $30 PER 100, ACCORDING TO d ==
1866. QUANTITY. O.
Send for price list and descriptive pamphlet,giving terms for vineyard planting on time. Ad-
BROS., dress E. DUBOIS, BOX 182, Tallahassee, Fla. General Agent Diamond White
BARNETT Grape Company for Florida and Georgia. rnQ
AGENTS Also full stock of Niagara Delaware, Ives,Cynthiana, Norton,Chassellas, Black Hamburg and Jen
all other leading and new varieties of grape vines,native and foreign.

Prompt Wholesale returns.Commission Btenclls 159 South, Fruits on water application.and Street Vegetables.Chicago. NEW BEANS NEW PRICES And Building CHARLESTON Material., S. C.

G s. PALMER, We now have in stock an extra fine lot of crop of 1891 beans at following prices:

Hastings' Excelsior Refugee.. 81.50 $5.oo Improved Golden Wax..9.............. 1.50 5.50
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. Improved Round Pod Refugee........ 1.25 4.50 j Wardwell's Kidney Wax............. 1.50 5.50
Oranges,Lemons, Pineapples, and all other Improved Red Valentine:......... 1.25 4.25 Flageolet Wax........................ i.6o 5.75 FLA.,
Fruits and early truck, also, dried fruits Improved Extra Early Red Valentine, 1.40 5.00 I
nuts furs,etc.'
All consignments) promptly remitted for H. G. HASTINGS & CO. Interlachen Fla.Our .
Btenclls and market reports furnished free. IRRIGATING
References: Bradstreets, and established 40-page catalogue with revised pricelistfree on application
merchants and banks of the South.



UTE have the most practical and powerful Grub-
Vy bing Machine on earth. Simple in construction The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers. ,
and operation. Will pull a lo-inch tree or
stump with one horse in 2 to 4 minutes' time. BOTH
Will do the work of 10 men. With proper care it FOR EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES AND PLUMS. .i
will last a life tim We have a safety lock, a
take-up on the spool that saves wearing the rope No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel. No. 34-i6-quart gift crate. z '
out in a short time-one of the principal objec- No. 42-4 one-half Bushel. I No. 36-32- U U STEAM HORSE POVIERI
tions to all other machines of this class. We No. 56-2 NO.30-32- Standard crate.
guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of
machine complete F. O. B.cars Sigourney,Iowa, Send for catalogues,prices and samples.
$75 and$85. Agents wanted. Territory for sale. j
Write for catalogue. SOUTH SIDE l\f} G. CO. Petersburg Va.
ia-22-ijt Sigourney. Iowa.


61 & 00 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, O. .
Co. TliouiaTllle
Nursery ,
We are not connected in any way with any so-called Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling *
prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited. REFERENCES: -Mercantile National Bank ; ft corgi a.
Trade Mark. Wm. Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers; Childs, Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad-
HOLMS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY streets'and R. G. Dun&Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer,"Cleveland. Six days .rlei than
any variety ted at the
Will Make Hens Lay I cB% Agrtcn't'1 Ex. Ground
at u.n>va,N. Y Color
Will Make Chickens Growl .
AND GOOD FOB MOULTING FOWLS. QA R Southernmost Florist Establishment in U S. -. greenish lender, ted white aDd pulp doUrlot1JL -

This food Is strictly fresh meat, ,carefully V s.JarNLI.J vsarw 'QbT Ttoe only?rape
that ranks fina bad In
cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermeti- i ESTABLISHED 1883. = earllaees and quality. -I

cally sealed In 8-lb cans. Being ground fine,It I 0r toy Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns, '- our Deb Tine registered sealed trade with

can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole 9.ev N. mark: labfl. Send for ;
., Informal Ion. Agents wanted i iA"4ZdS
'Cuaar. :.I'.lUU r
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Prig !J ?jI' world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of xoc. Clean, STEP4mv ""."' '';8. New canaan, Cfc 1
80 cta per can; sa per doz. Address HOLLIS healthy stock. .I ow prices.UEASOIVER.
BROS. Oncco Fla.
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper. '

STATE BANK OF FLORIDA GLEN MARY NURSERIES Before ordering elsewhere, do not fail to sendto ,f 1
81 me for description of the most complete and .
economical Steam Launches using ordinary ]
":].OX INCORPORATED." kerosene for fuel. Automatic fire regulator.No s
Ten acres devoted testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million blowing up or breaking down. Catalogue t
JACKSONVILLE ,FLORIDA. ((250,000)) nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-92 is the most com-
prehensive we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address free.JOHN ASPINWALL. #

Capital$30,000.00 G. L'. TABER, :-:. Glen St. Mary, Fla. Eau Gallic 12-24.41- Florida. }j


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: :. E. SEAM, J"ACI SONV J4E: FLA. .'.
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Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign remedy

for the various forms of fungi: on trees and plants. Being: free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at anv stare of growth without injury.

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has rivenDerfect

satisfaction. References furnished on application.

FOR RUST MITE USE ONE QUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayedfor

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees it is better

and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 {allons of water, as the fumes from the I Insecticide

will Kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. ]In using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

three or four sprayings through{ the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-third to one-half. This] is an Advantage Possessed. by

no Other Preparation of Sulphur if used in this manner it will also kill the other insects that mav be moving the trees.

FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application. '

PRICE 20c. PER GALLON, in barrels. If there is no agent in vour vicinity, write for price delivered. .:.

SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at cost. --1

:'' McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.
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f -'X'Iae F1orl.d.a: ::I:> :l.spa"toh.: i.. in.e: =--

3 t With the Magnificent Connections.

1' The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.


The attention of shippers Is directed to the Plant S. 8. Line between Havana.Key Wept and Tampa,and Pmib Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford S F AW.Rv between -
Jacksonville,Gainesville Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Ph1IadeJpbla,1j ton and New
York,and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all
points North and Northwest.!Receivers and >hlppers:: will pront> by the following unparalleled connections:
Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Bainbridge
Savannah, Jesup and Savannah to all points in Florida;fast freight trains both via OalnesvilleJack.
Dally fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonville,Callahan and Live Oak. Wand
Coast points, including New;York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington. and Four chips a week by the fleet! steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,saillngfrom
Pro\1dence., New York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday!,Wednesday,I''rldayand
Four connections a week for New York via OceanlSteamship: Company,leaving Savannah Saturday.
' Mondays, Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 4,1L
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners'Transportation Com 18 and 25 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with last
leav-ing Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for all points in Florida
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia May g, 19 and 29,
June 4.11,18 and 25. every five days from regular palling day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia(every ten days via Ocean Steamship! Company,leaving From Baltimore vconnection and Miners\ RTransportationFlorida Tuesday and
Savannah June 4,14 and 24. Friday, making with 8.,F.k W. .
Bailing days for Steamships are subject to.change without notice.

The Florida Dispatch Line Is the qulckestjand; best freight route from all points North,Eat;ndfWeet to Florida. For,full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply to
} any agent of the above lines,or to WM.P.HARDEE,Oenl Freight Agent,Savannah,(I&.
t O.D.OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,Oa. F.B.PAFY,Asst.Traffic Manager,Savannah,Oa. W.M.DAVIDSON, Oenl Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fla.
j.P..JORDAN,Trar.Agent,.Qulncy. J.E.DKATTON,TraY Agent, Jacksonville.? J.H.STXPHINB,Agent,Jacksonville :
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1 1lfOlle
I much as possible. The citron is cultivate utes or so, the seeds which have sunkto hundred to three hundred feet above
C and
Orchard !
principally in Spain, Italy, Algeria, the bottom are collected, then the sea level. Means are, of course,
Sicily, and Corsica. It is generally dried, and as soon as dry are either taken to insure a good supply of
NOTICE.! 0 'allowed that the Corsican citrons are sown at once or placed in dry sand.If water either by natural or artificial
The main press, on which THE superior to those grown in other districts sown, pots or shallow boxes are means, such as tanks, reservoirs, etc.
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER is to be and consequently command a selected filled with peat-mold and'The trees in the plantation have eachan
printed, has not yet reached us. Two higher price. This superiority is at-. covered with a light layer of leaf area of from twelve to sixteen
tributed to the peculiar adaptiveness I mold and sand, and a layer of straw superficial yards, so that the size of
of the second size have arrived
presses of the Corsican soil to its culture. above. Water is a prime necessityfor the plantations ranges from a few
and the agent from the North who The citrons grown in Algeria and the successful culture, and both pots square yards to two or three acres,
came with them is living well at the other competing countries have be- and boxes must have the contents kept occasionally reaching to four acres.
St. James and putting the presses together neath the epidermis a sandy substance well moistened. The best time for Sometimes the plantations are sur-
which the teeth. is This is the rounded walls divided
at. the rate of about seven hours' grates against sowing April. only by high stone ,
I The citron tree is generally propa- beginning of a rather long course of and subdivided by fences or dried
labor per day.-ED.. gated from cuttings, while in other training. The first year suffices to brushwood; four trees sometimes
forming a plat, or small division;
The Japan Mammoth Chesnut
otherwise the trees are usually pro-
Is among the most valuable recent in- tected by branches and mats; some
troductions from Japan. It is quite cultivators, however, take no trouble
distinct from the European varieties, in-this direction. Many growers allow
being hardier and the nuts of .1 : each of
are a 4. f : ? tree a superficial space seven-
superior flavor and sweetness. The r, teen square yards, or six hundred
leaf is long and narrow like a peach trees per two and one-half acres. The
leaf, of dark green color, making a tree yields half a crop when three years
very ornamental lawn tree; comes to old; at seven or eight years it yields
bearing at two to three years of age, from four hundred to five hundred
and while yet in the nursery rows, *. .S : pounds of fruit; when ten or twelve
three to four feet high, they are heavily S. a years old the yield ranges from five
laden with nuts of enormous size, N hundred to six hundred pounds. Of
measuring four to six inches around course, prices depend upon qual-
and running three to seven in a bur. ity and size of fruit, which, again,
Their early bearing and great .productiveness depend upon the grower so far as at-
of such enormous nuts are -, : tention, etc., goes. It is reckoned
the wonder and admiration of all who '- Y i r that a tree of matured growth gener-
see them. ; ally returns from $50 to $60 a year;
The value of chestnuts and profitsof -y. and also that two and one-half acres
their culture depend very much on of plantation, containing six hundredtrees
their early ripening, as large chestnuts J about six to seven years old, each
marketed in September and early October \ tree producing four hundred to five
will bring$10 to $15 per bushel, L+ 1 hundred pounds, should yield a reve-
while in later October and Novemberthe nue of about $6,000 a year. For
price will drop to $6 or $8 per T' : persons requiring details on this point,
bushel. Our Japan Mammoth has the the following figures, furnished by an
fortunate feature of maturing very old grower in Corsica, will be useful:
early and without the aid of frost to (Vifi Cost of clearing twelve and onehalfacres
open the burrs, and are hardy in $600; constructing reservoirs,
northern New York. ifi! $1,000; water conduits, $600; manur-
Mr. J. J. Thomas, the veteran hor- : ing, $2,800; shelter fences, $600;
ticultural editor of the Country Gen. : F1ITJ1U1 house and dependencies, $3,200;
tIeman, an eminent authority, says: total $8,800. These figures do not
"The Japan giant chestnut is remark- include cost of land, masonry, and
able for its large size, being over one 55 -= terracIng.The .
and a half inches in diameter, and the 55 crop is gathered, in Corsica,
quality appears to be quite equal to in November. When in full bearing,
that of the common chestnut. BaronH. cases it is raised from seeds. The keep the plants watered and free from the tree should be manured in April
von Luttichau, of this State, has system of cuttings, so far at least as. weeds. In the second or third year and July. At the former time four
grown the Japan chestnut, and we can Corsica is concerned, is generally the young seedlings are pricked out, hundred pounds of manure should be
testify that the quality of the nut is condemned as tending toward degen- great care being taken that all the given; to each tree, lightly spread and
good. eration of the tree. The tree arrivesat mold which adheres to the roots is dug in; in July, ten pounds to twelve
The illustration is from the well. maturity more quickly, but at, the retained. The nursery then receives pounds of guano, mixed with an equal
known nurseryman, William Parry, expense of vigor anda: longer life. The them, being planted at from eighteen proportion of cinders, should also be
of. Parry, New Jersey. long continued system of propagationby inches to two feet apart. The lower dug in. Chemical manures, rich in
> t cuttings is gradually vitiating the branches should be pruned in the phosphates and nitrogen, are valuable.
The Cultivation of Citrons. vitality of the Corsican citron: tree. spring of the third year to insure a additions to the ordinary farm ma
One of the most remunerative industries Those who adopt the seedling principle strong stem. As regards location, nures. Last year's price of fresh fruitin
in Southern Europe is the select the best fruit for the purpose great care is paid to protection from Corsica was about $6.40 per hundred -
cultivation of citrons. This is proba- ; expose it to the sun's rays and the cold winds and frosts, togetherwith pounds. America takes a good
bly the reason why so little information allow it to ferment for about ten days.It an abundant supply of sunshineand deal of the candied fruit.
-comparatively speaking-is i io then placed in water for a few water. In Corsica, the most favorable -, The citron tree is subject to several
known about it, those interested keep- I hours, afterwards being broken up by situations are sheltered valleys forms of disease, among the worse being -
ing the trade in their own hands as hand. After being left for five min- at a height ranging from two "white-root," due to a fungousr. -

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growth which discolors the leaf, turn- is supplied with a little mouth (I will get away. In a recent discussion in Mr. Mitchell wishes an explanationof
ing it yellow. Another disease is the call it), and when we take it up to the American Garden as to the valueof the reason why this difference exists,
"fumagine," which affects the bark; transplant all of those little spongiolesare nitrate of soda, Joseph Harris and and how the difference in quality was
"kermes" is another name for a disease destroyed; and after the tree is the editor of the Rural New Yorker produced, I will say that the people
of equal destructiveness. All of placed in its new home its supply of both agree that phosphates and potashdo who buy your fruits are always look-
these diseases require practical treat- food from the soil is entirely cut off not leach. The director of the ing for something that is not only attractive
ment. A good deal of secrecy existsas until those little rootlets have formed experimental station at Darmstadt to the eye but pleasant to the
regards the preservation of the fresh again. Some plants do it very quickly, holds that it is good practice to add taste, and are always willing to pay
fruit previous to manufacture. Briefly a strawberry plant often in a few hours, to the soil a surplus of phosphates and for the gratification of these two sen-
described, the process consists in and others it requires a longer time. potash, while nitrogen should be ses. They would ratner pay a nickle
steeping the fruit in casks of brinesea They start out all along the roots, on measured out as carefully as possible.It for one fine, large, showy, delicious
water, with a mixture of salt pro quite large ones as well as on the little may be that some who read this peach than for a dozen small, dull
portionate to the bulk, condition, and fibrous roots. will think of the old ash-hopper in the colored specimens that have been
moisture of the fruit. Ordinarily it is And let me ask the advocates of this back yard, where the potash did leach grown on an overloaded tree, and
sliced in half, while the larger and murderous malpractice if one of these beyond question, but this is by no have neither size nor flavor, andhe who
better quality of fruit, weighing from little mouths is to take up food, if a means a good comparison. If *he would succeed must produce an article
two to three pounds, is generally preserved dozen would not be better, and a thou- wishes to have a truer analogy, let such as the buyers are willing to pay
intact. The latter is, of sand yet more so. him measure off a square foot of their money for.
coutse, in great demand in all markets In taking up any tree, I care not ground and evenly distribute over it The next matter is to consider howto
and brings high prices.-F. C. CHAP- what, get all the roots that belong to one-twenty-fifth of an ounce of caustic I produce these fine, high-priced
PELL, in American Agriculturist.Prefers it we can; look them carefully over, potash. This would mean too poundsto specimens.
and any that are bruised or brokencut the acre-a urge application, and Scientific people tell us that the
the Old "Way. them back to live wood. Then which would be very perceptible in whole strength of the tree is exhaustedin
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower let us examine the trunk and limbs, its effects. Now, the question is, an endeavor to perfect the repro-
There have been several article, and cut them back and off, accordingto whether even our thin soils have not ducing properties or seed of the fruit,
of late going the rounds of the press. the size of the tree. enough absorptive power, under the and that the production of pulp is a
advocating not only the severe cuts If it is a peach or plum tree, one ordinary conditions of the weather, secondary consideration, beyond an
ting back of the top of a tree at plant- year old, take off every branch. See to prevent the leaching of potash amount sufficient to cover and perfectthe
ing, but to take off the roots as well. where are the leaf buds on the trunk when added in similar quantities.Mr. seed.
,One writer says, cut back to a mere and cut off the top so there are fouror Phelps disbelieves that plant This point having been established,
stub illustrating his article with a cut. five left below the cut. If they are food leaches in our Florida soil, and we will suppose a tree to contain five
And now in the last FARMER AND plenty cut it to two and a half feet in there are doubtless many who will hundred peaches, which being more
FRUIT GROWER comes Mr. Campbell, length. If the tree is older and has agree with him, as far as potash is than; it is able to properly mature, in
and tells us all about it too; in one large branches, follow each one back concerned. its endeavor to perfect the five hun-
paragraph he mentions planting 500 toward the trunk and cut it off, leav. Most of the potash salts are solublein !dred seeds, it has not sufficient vitality
trees "of which," he says, "I don't ing one, two or three leaf buds for water. : to; do anything else, and having exhausted -
believe there are fifty living to-day." new limbs. If a LeConte or Kieffer The sources of potash which are itself it stops to rest, and the
Well-I would say it is time he was pear, cut it back to three and a half available for commercial fertilizersare result is five hundred small, shriveled
hunting out some other plan, or sell feet of trunk. : wood ashe, chloride of potash peaches that no one will buy unlessat
out to some one that knows how to Now I come to an orange tree, and sulphate of potash. a very low price.
plant trees.I which, if I don't know how to handleit The amount of potash in unleached Take the same tree and remove four
am often asked lately, what thereis I have found the secret of fool- ashes varies greatly, according to the hundred of the peaches when small,
in this new way of cutting off all the ing a good many of our best orange different kind of wood, from 5 per and before they have had a chance to
roots of f a tree, when we plant it. grove men. One of them on the In- cent in the red pine, to 20 and even exhaust the tree, and the remaining
Why, I have always thought we dian River lately writes: "The trees more in some of the hard wood. A hundred peaches, having the whole
should save all the roots we could. came in fine condition and are very sample of unleashed wood ashes substance of the tree, will grow more
This is not a question of speculation, satisfactory indeed; and let me thank which gave 8.7 per cent potash, when rapidly, be more healthy and the one
or of what may be done in a few in- you for your very careful way of leached gave 1.9 per cent. The form hundred peaches will measure about
stances with any of our vigorous, packing. in which potash occurs in ashes is the same as. the five hundred would
rapid growing trees; but it is a matterof Last Friday I began sending to one that of the carbonate. have measured; would have met an
fact. man four thousand, and of all the Chloride of potash is a very soluble appreciative market; sold for three or
In my operations of transplantingnursery troubles and perplexities in this busi- salt. It is the cheapest form, four times as much, and your tree,
trees to let them hold over ness, that of.getting the man with the and usually contains about 15 per not having been subjected to the ter-
another season, for convenience sake, spade to save the roots is the greatest.If cent of common salt. In practice it ribly exhaustive strain, would live
and rapid planting, I have cut the this, to us old heads, new prac- does not give as good results as the much longer. '
trunk down to within a few inches of tice was the thing, why any ignoramuscould sulphate, and the chlorides are thoughtto After this explanation I will answer
the point of budding, and stubbed off grub up my trees, and I with be hurtful to plant life. Mr. Mitchell by saying that the reason -
the roots as well, opening a mere the knife could make them all the bet- Sulphate of potash is probably the for the difference in price is that
crack in the sand by inserting a ter. JAMES: MOTT. most desirable form to use, as it is one party thinned his fruit to about
spade, and then ran my stub of a tree Ken much more insoluble than either of six inches apart on the limbs of his
down into it. I have practiced this Phosphates, Potash and Nitrates. the: above, and it will therefore go trees and the other did not. See-
plan with thousands and thousands of Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: into the soil more gradually and its E. T. HOLLISTER, St. Louis, in So.
trees; did it knowing that my tree Soils, like charcoal, possess the effects will be more lasting. lorticulturist.
would not be near as large at the end power of removing dissolved matter The agricultural experiment stations t
of the season, as if the whole root from solutions. This power varies of Massachusetts, Connecticut Transplanting Old Orange Trees.
had been planted, which was one of with the character of the soil and New Jersey and Pennsylvania value I Many people of limited experiencein
the points aimed at. Years ago, in with that of the substance in solution. potash free from chlorides one-third orange culture seem to think thatan
my experiments with deciduous trees, Roscoe quotes Way as, having greater than that which is not. orange tree cannot be moved with
I have taken the trunk off to within a I shown that the salts of sodium pass None of the potash salts are vola any degree of safety after it has
few inches of the collar, and the en- through the soil unchanged, while tile. They can therefore be appliedto reached a bearing age.
tire root; and, so there was some of i those of potassium are absorbed. the surface without fear of loss by- This is an erroneous idea, as men
the root bark left on the lower end of I This power of absorption is not to be evaporation.It can be found in most any community
this stick I had made of my trees; little confused with that of chemical affinity, is possible to add too much potash who have tried the experiment and
fibrous roots would start out, often which, as in the case of the phosphate ,. but a small surplus will do no met with very satisfactory results.
very quickly, and with careful'culture of lime, changes the soluble to the harm. WINDSOR SMITH. Two years ago I had some experience -
it would soon make back those roots I insoluble salt. But chemical action in this line, and met with such
had removed, and the top as well. must play an important part, as the Quality in Peaches. good; success that I should not hesitate -
But to bring it into practice for the potash salts found in the soil seem to Replying to our friend Mitchell's to move trees of most any reasonable .
amateur planter, I must surely file my be mostly in combination with an or- question as to "why it is that we can size and age when convenienceor
demurrer. ganic acid. sell one man's, peaches for $2.50 a i necessity require their removal
Trees, the same as animal life, will Agriculturists seem to be pretty Bushel and his neighbor's for 75 cents," I from one place to another. I moved
submit to many evils of malpractice.A well agreed that potash salts do not I[ will say that the short answer is: nearly fifty orange trees, ranging from
tree receives its food which comes leach, but in our very thin soils, with because there was a difference in the five to ten years old, some of them
from the soil by and through the little their.-exceedingly porous subsoil, it is actual value of the goods for a con- fully fifteen feet in height and six
thread-like fibrous roots, each of which possible that some of the"potash does sumptive market, but supposing- that inches in diameter at the trunk, most


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of them had been bearing for several differ but little, if any, from the sur- greatest' burden upon the farming TI1e Vineyard,

years. During a warm spell in May, rounding trees.-C. H. LATHROP, in classes by practically shutting off competition ,..
I cut them back to about six feet in Orange Belt. in transportation. I refer to -Edited- --by E. DUBOIS- -, Tallahassee, Fla.
height, or where I could reach con- the fact that vessels sailing under a
veniently with saw and shears. The foreign flag are not allowed to engagein A Good Grape.
lateral branches were also cut back so ]7VI&r1ceth. the coastwise trade or that of the This is peculiarly a child of the

as to leave a somewhat symmetrical inland waters of the United States.If South which has, hitherto, been sadly
head, although mostly composed of The Riverside Orange Trust.A that law could be repealed you neglected. Men are prone to over
bare stubs; this also gave me a good number of our leading orange would find that freight combinations look blessings by which they are im
chance to remove all .the dead growers have formed a corporationunder would be impossible just as they are mediately surrounded while searching
branches that had accumulated about the laws of the State, styled now impossible between the ports of abroad for those less to be desired
the centre of the tree, where the "The Riverside Orange Trust," each this country and those of the rest of but enchanting in the distance.
dense foliage had shut out the light stockholder being allowed but one the world. Deep water freights go up The Scuppernong is the only varietyof
and air. These trees were removedfor share for each acre of bearing orange and down by the law of supply and demand this type usually planted, very few
two good reasons. In the first orchard of which he is owner. The and it is impossible for the rate farmers being aware of the fact that
place, they were scattered among shares are placed at the nominal valueof to become exhorbitant or a burden to there are others very much its superior.In .
deciduous trees where they caused ten dollars. Each shareholder the shippers.THE 1886 eight varieties were planted

considerable unnecessarylabor to care signs a contract of sale of his entire BOON OF COMPETITION.Let twenty feet apart in rows, along the
for them when the deciduous trees crop to this corporation, which pro- margin of a branch, and trained upona
were dormant ; and more than that ceeds to market them to the best ad- me explain. Suppose it were trellis of three wires. The vines
they were needed to fill some blank vantage. At the end of the season permissible under the law for foreign have been annually pruned by spur-
spaces in another orange grove of the price realized for each different ships to engage in our coastwise trade. ring back the canes of the growth of
about the same age. After getting variety is averaged and each stock- You would at once see foreign the previous season to six inches.
them all cut back and removing the holder receives the same price for the steamers placed on the route between This type must be pruned in
brush, I proceeded to dig the holes same grade and quality of fruit. At New York, Philadelphia, Boston, autumn, just after the leaves fall. If
for their new home. These holes the time the fruit is delivered the cor- Baltimore and the port of Jackson pruned later there is danger of destructive -
were made from five to. six feet across poration, having arranged a bank ville. Englishmen can build ships bleeding. This method of
and about three feet deep, and a fur- credit, will pay each stockholder for cheaper than we can, and can oper- training places 'the crop of fruit in
row plowed along the side in readi- his fruit, as follows: ate them cheaper than we can; theycan easy reach, increases the size of the
ness for the water when it was For Seedlings,.$i.oo; Navels and therefore, afford to carry freightand berries and bunches, and insures a
needed. The work of pruning and Bloods, $2.00; Mediterranean Sweets passengers allowed cheaper. If would this competition larger yield of grapes of better quality.The .
digging holes occupied several days, and Paper Rind St. Michaels, $1.50; was you Florida at Thomas commences to ripen
'and by this time the trees had some- half cash, balance when collected. once see the freight rates on August 15th, thus continuing the sup-
what recovered from their severe This corporation has entered into a oranges to New York dropped to ply from the vineyard of the other
shock and were in better shape to contract for three years with the Griffin about 20 cents per box-perhaps below types. Other varieties ripen in succession -
stand the root cutting which must and Skelley Company to pack and that. The rail and steamshiplines until the middle of Septemberand
necessarily follow. sell their oranges, this firm having already in the business would furnish fruit till October.
To accomplish this a circular trenchwas agreed not to buy or sell oranges dur- have to meet this cut, and the growers The Memory and Mish are espec-
dug around the root of the tree, ing that time on their own account, and the shippers would get the benefit ially desirable, combining the good
about three feet from the trunk, and nor to handle oranges for any one else of it. This-might be a hardship on qualities of vigorous growth, hardi-
the lines first but after the
the roots, whether large or small, outside the corporation, without the present at ness, productiveness'and very superior -
old is American
law repealed shippingfirms
were severed with saw or shears, as latter's consent. quality.
their vessels in
fast as they were uncovered. Whena E. F. Kingman has been appointedby can buy any Desiring to secure the verdict of as
sufficient quantity of earth had been the Riverside Orange Trust as their them part of built the the world where they and still can sail get large a jury as possible, very many
removed, the tree would careen to secretary, whose salary shall be paid cheapest, visitors were taken through this vine-
American Thus
them under the
one side so that the tap root could be by the stockholders, he to have a desk flag. yard for the purpose of comparing the
cut, and the tree would be ready to in the office of the Griffin and Skelley they would be on a footing of equalitywith varieties. Without exception the
the other interests of
move. Our Lugonia soil is a sandy Company, inspect all correspondence shipping would I Memory and Mish were pronounced
the world and therefore
loam, which long experience has relating to sale or disposition of fruit, you superior to the Scuppernong. Of the
rail and
proved to be admirably adapted to the and act as an accountant generally, in never hear"of a water freight ten varieties compared, the Memoryis
culture of citrus fruits, and from its the interests of the stockholders.The "combine. Freight rates on every- by far the most vigorous grower.
nature would not adhere to the roots sale of stock this year has been thing that Florida produces would at All are free from disease except an
of the trees, which were still as heavyas limited to five hundred shares, representing once be cheapened and always after occasional very slight attack of blackrot.
law of
two men cared to lift from the hole five hundred acres of orange that be subject to the supplyand The proximity of diseased vinesof

and place on a sled which was drawnup orchards, or about four hundred'car demand. other types may have furnished the
to receive them. After coveringthe loads. This is being rapidly taken up, LOWER RATES TO THE WEST. spores for the disease.
roots with a blanket to protect over three hundred shares having been See how it would affect shipmentsof To propagate this type use long
them from the sun and wind, they subscribed for the first week; it is expected oranges to the interior and the cuttings, taken in October or early in
were drawn to the holes preparedfor that the balance will be taken West. We pay now a freight rate of November, or layer the vines at any
them, and let down carefully to within the next ten days. 85 cents per box on oranges from time from October to March.
the proper depth, which we considera The Riverside Orange Trust is to Florida basing points to Chicagoall The tabulated statement sufficiently
little lower than they originallystood. be congratulated on its choice of rail. Under coastwise compe. describes the characteristics of these

They were then moved into agents, the Griffin and Skelley Com- tition the grower could send his fruitto varieties, except as regards adheringto
line with the other trees, and the pany having been longer identified New York for ao cents per box, the stem.
holes filled about two-thirds full of with the sale of Riverside oranges and from New York to Chicago by The Scuppernong, James and Jeter
dirt and a stream of f water turned in' than any other firm of packers, and rail for about another 20 cents-a drop so readily from tne bunch as to
to settle the earth firmly about the their; brand is known all over the total of 40 cents per box, and less cause great waste in gathering. The
roots. United States as a guarantee of genuine than one-half of the present rate. stem is attached to the berry exter-
Two or three days after this the Riverside oranges and reliable Under these circumstances the direct nally. The Thomas, Memory and
holes were filled nearly full of earth, packing. We predict that the stockof rail lines from here would have to Scuppernong seedling do not shed so
the water turned in again, and with the Riverside Orange Trust will be meet these prices or lose the business readily though attached externally.The .
occasional irrigations and cultivations !at a premium before another year -and they would meet them, sure. Flowers, Flowers Improved,

they soon began to put forth sprouts, comes around.-Riverside Press. I Mish and Tenderpulp adhere firmlyto
and produced canes several feet in I The advance[lot Salvation Oil has been a triumphal the bunch, having the stem at.
Competition of Foreign Bottoms march from the beginning. It puts tached These last named
length the season. The next rheumatism and neuralgia to rout without appa-
season some of them produced a few Needed.Mr. ren t effort. s5c.CURE. varieties can be gathered and shipped
fine specimens of oranges. C. S. Brown, of Palatka, saidto bunches as readily as Concord or Ives.
The proportion of loss was very a T.-U. reporter: I FITS The Mish and Memory are both
small, as but three or four out of The one great difficulty in the way rated best as to quality, though they
the whole number failed to grow, of a successful marketing of Florida When I say care I do not mean merely to stop I them differ in many respects. The Memory
for a time and then hare them return again. mean a
and I am satisfied that trees thus oranges is the matter of transportation'and radical cure. I hare made the disease of FITS.EPILEPSY is best in flavor and the Mish best in
this does lie with or FALLING SICKNESS a hfeJon study. I sweetness. The Memory produces a
handled, and properly cared for after- difficulty not warrant toy remedy to cure the wont cases. Became
... ward, will commence to bear again in any particular railroad or steamship I others hare failed is no reason for not now receiving a very large berry while the Mish is
cure. Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle of small. Both continue in
two years, and in several years more line, but with the navigation laws of my infallible remedy. Gin Express and Poet Office. long sea-
will so far regain their size as to the United States, which place the II. G. BOOT, M. C., 183 Pearl St., N. Y. son.-Alabama Station.



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gRRI]' ER J1J{IA 't RIICIER. stable and cowpen manure, com- here the first years. To have good, The best method to obtain a pastureof
,.. posted with bone and potash; then he well flavored fruit it is necessary to this grass is in favor of planting the
Editorial Notes. made his beds so the manured fur- have Southern grown seed. Every seed. While roots will grow and
MICHEL'S EARLY STRAWBERRY.The .- rows would come in the middle. He grower should raise his own seed. spread, still this is slow and tiresome
Ohio horticulturists have small then strewed, just before planting, Planting close has also something to work, to say nothing of the cost and
use for the Michel (pronounced Mi- nearly a barrel of {apes' on the beds do with good quality; the melons are the danger of losing plants from dry
shell) except as a pollenizer for early and raked it in. He got a good not exposed to the sun, the vine keep- weather. Twelve pounds of seed will
varieties; it is too small. We ate a stand by frequent resetting; but, ing them cool and shaded. sow an acre of ground, and, while
dish of them a few days ago, furnishedby while the plants lived fairly well, they One of the best peas with me is they will cost $2 per pound, still it is
Mr. B. H. Alden, which left littleto did not seem to have any life in Burpee Quantity; it grows about two worth the expenditure in view of the
desire. All the other strawberriesthat them. They were mostly very good to three feet high and loads itself with profits. Once started, the pasture is
we have tested in Florida have plants. Getting impatient, he employed large well filled peas. Have never a fixture. If sowed In low ground,
been little else but acid, more or me to open a little trench.neareach made any money on green corn ship- rich, moist but well drained, it will
less-generally less-modified with su plant and put in a spoonful of ment, though some of my neighborsmake furnish an enduring pasture. It does
gar. But the Michel distinctly shows Mapes' close to the roots. While doing it pay by hauling large lots of it not appear to be a troublesome grassto
the presence of a third element, a this I noticed the cutworms were Mobile, but one of the best paying get rid of, if such were desirable,
flavor which gives it character and getting their work in, and think I crops is early sweet potatoes. Toma- for, if plowed up in the spring, my
which is peculiarly rich and satisfac- killed quite one thousand on the patch. toes pay well when planted largely, opinion is it would be easily destroyed.On .
tory.BLANCHING On your recommendation he tried but they interfere with strawberry rich soil the plant will seed annu-
CELERY WITH PAPER.- Paris green mixed with corn meal. growing. To be successful they must ally, and thus furnish the means to
The same gentleman has celery of the Some of it was put directly on the have a good deal of attention. Early enlarge the area.
Golden Dwarf variety now nearly plants, and on some beds it was only Advance is one of the best, not large In late summer the first plot was
large enough for shipment, which he put on the ground without touchingthe but firm and no rot.JULIUS divided into three parts. The first was
has blanched entirely with the paper plants at all. Within two weeks SCHNADELBACH.Grand fertilized and broken up. The secondwas
cylinders that we have previously they'all died, maybe fifty or so scat- Bay, Ala. fertilized and not broken up. The
mentioned. The stalks are perfectly tering ones excepted. They were not t-m-t third was unfertilized and not plowed.
bright and free from the objectionablespots eaten off by the worms, nor did they Texas Blue Grass in Florida. there has been no appreciable benefit
of rust so often seen on Florida look as though the poison scorched The conduct of this grass for the thus far, December 26, from either
celery blanched with earth. The suc- them; they just died root and branch. past three seasons has been very en breaking up or fertilizing. This,
cess of the experiment is established, I cannot surmise the cause, but I couraging. Its history on the station doubtless, is the result of dry weather.:
but whether blanching can be done would like to learn for future use. I deserves the serious consideration of That which was broken up was injured.If .
more cheaply this way than by the old attribute it to, first, the land was too every farmer in the State who desiresa however, the cut-away harrow had
system will have to be determined by sour (no lime was used); second, too fall, winter and spring pasture. I been used to break up the heavy turf,
further trial.PROTECTING. much fertilizer near the plants; or found on the station in January of the likelihood is the result would have
VEGETABLES FROM third, the Paris green. What do you 1889 a small plot of this grass growing been good. .
FROST.-To cover vegetables or strawberries think ? GUY RIVERS. I I in rows about twenty inches apart. It On good, firm high lands a pastureof
with pine straw or wiregrass is The plants probably died from a was planted on the top of a high hill, this grass can be grown with profit.
tolerably effective when carefully done, i combination of evils. The sournessof which turned out to be the best landon On meadow or low lands it will grow
but the stuff necessarily lies so loose the soil (it should have been limed) the Station, being good, firm, moist luxuriantly and rapidly, furnishing a
that a light wind will blow it off. A would not kill them outright, thoughit black soil. Up -to February it had rich pasture when our summer grasses
fine prospect of strawberries in a Law- would cause them to grow stunted been been weeded and protected from begin to fail in the fall. To secure a
tey patch was ruined this way a few and sickly. A strong fertilizer applied grass. It grew luxuriantly and to the good stand and to aid the grass to obtain
days ago, the mulching being blown close to the roots will kill weak height of fifteen inches, and seeded in the mastery of the soil it will be
off from all but a few plants just before plants, such as these were, and badly .April. From that time until now it I necessary to keep down the weeds
the frost. But these few yielded some stunt strong ones. The Paris green has never been worked. It was allowed I and native grasses for at least the first
choice berries, Michels, several of was probably mixed up too strong to compete with native grasses, year.-Station Bulletin No. 16.
them being i U inches in diameterand and should not have been allowed to broom sedge, fennel and briars for ... .
I34 inches long. But it is per- touch the plants.-ED.] the supremacy, without any assistance STATE OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO,
fectly practicable to cover potatoes, .-*_. whatever, not even the cutting awayof LUCAS COUNTY, } ss.
tomatoes, cauliflower, etc.,with light Best Crops for the Trucker. the grasses, weeds and briars in the FRANK L. CHENEY makes oath that
furrow-slice, especially if the plantsare Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.It fall to give it a better chance. The he is the senior partner of the firm of
standing in a shallow furrow. This is now high time to prepare for result is, that while it has not seeded F. J: CHENEY & Co., doing businessin
was done last spring by a growerin the planting of vegetables, both for since 1889, it has taken possession of the City of Toledo County and
Belleview (name forgotten), who home use as well as market. To be the plot, and is now, December 26, State aforesaid, and that said firm will
covered about four with the successful it is that the twelve inches It
acres plowin I necessary 1891, over high. pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED
one day, with the assistance of ground should be put in good tilth, has formed a thick sward, and is a DOLLARS for each and every case
neighbors, and saved them. They the manure in the right shape, that is, luxuriant pasture of beautiful green of Catarrh that cannot be cured by the
were raked out with prong-hoes after well rotted, for the success and profitof grass, in spite of dry weather. For use of HALL'S CATARRH CURE.FRANK
the frost was over. We took pains to gardening depend on quick growthand the three past seasons by the first of J. CHENEY.
follow this experiment up by personal this can be had only with plenty November it has been ready for past- Sworn to before me and subscribedin
inquiry and learned that it was a suc- and well rotted manure or other fertilizer my presence, this 6th day of December -
cess. If Irish potatoes are small a having plenty of available plant ure.Last December I planted another A. D. 1886.
freezing-down does not hurt them food. Although mainly engaged in plot with seed on a sandy hillside. ,.........-.
much. Where plants are of some size strawberry growing, I find it well to The land was thoroughly broken up { SEAL } A. W. GLEASON,
they would have to be thrown down plant more vegetables than needed, and fertilized by broadcasting at the Notary Public..
with one furrow-slice, then the cover- and they often bring a snug little sum. rate of one-half ton per acre of cotton Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
ing completed with another from the Among beans the Ward well wax is seed meal, acid phosphate and kainit. nally and acts directly upon the blood
opposite side.Experience. the best ever tried; I also find the The seed was six weeks coming up, and mucous surfaces of the system.
Refugee better and more profitablethan and the grass grew slowly and did not Send for testimonials, free.F. .
With Paris Green. Valentine. Cucumbers are best seed. The seed, drilled very thickly J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: planted in rows five feet apart and one in six-inch drills germinated freely, J625Sold by Druggists, 75 cents.
I have no use for this article my- foot in the rows. There is nothingthat but the plantsonly reached a heightof
self, as I am not bothered by cut I have ever tried better for Cucumbers about six inches through the season, NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY.IN .
worms to any great extent, but I I and musk melons than the remaining green, however, until the
wished to be prepared for such a con black earth in low places, washed first of June. This fall this plot did COUNTY DUVAL JUDGE'S COUNTY COURT, FLORIDA.)\
tingency should it arrive. But my there by rains, and cotton seed meal. not put out as early as the first one, \W niEREAS, Chas. W. DaCosta, administrator
of the estate of Ceo. C. Goodrich,deceased,
neighbor's patch is a mystery to me. To a row 70 yards long, apply one but since the first of December it has late of the county aforesaid, having filed in the
At great expense he cleared nearly cart load and 25 lbs. of meal. I runa furnished an excellent pasture, which office of the County Judge of said county a written .
suggestion of the insolvency of said estate,
one-fourth acre of land where red bay folding harrow through it several has been grazed daily for two weeks. notice is hereby given to all persons having claimsof
muck was nearly a foot deep. One times so as to mix the earth and meal Cattle, horses and chickens are fond the any same nature, duly whatever authenticated against,said in the estate office, to file of
edge was pine-land sand. He grub before covering. I plant the musk of it. Its color is deep green, and, Count Judge of said county on or before the 8th
April A. D., 1892,at which time there will
bed out all the roots and plowed melons the same as cucumbers; if allowed to grow to the height of six be a pro rata payment to creditors entitled thereto -
and harrowed till the muck was White Spine is the best. Whateverthe inches, after it had taken possessionof and the administrator discharged.
of said
Witness my name as County Judge
worked fine. Then he opened fur different kinds of melons may be the soil, it would make a beautiful county, this a8th day of September,A. D.. 1891.W.B.OWEN .
rows and put in eight wagon loads of in the North they are not so good lawn. to-i-6m County Judge.,




"f'. T : .


Lh'etocI help make millionaires and then curse Poultry aceous diet. Nitrogen makes feathers
\1 them for being rich. rapidly, and this is one thing to be
For "poor people with rich ways" "'- ..., -. "" avoided in all non-setting varieties,
Profit in Florida Edited by E. W.AMSDEN Ormond, Fla.Oare
Hogs. Florida certainly beats the world. and especially the Hamburgs and
Editor Farm and Fruit-Grower: CHAS. W. CAMPBELL, Sr. of Chicks. Polish, for they are very delicate and

Some people call me a crank on the Campobello. I promised to tell how we feed and may die shooting their first feathers.E. .
pig question. What of it? Those Angora Goats. W. AMSDEN.
for chickens. We have
care our 130 '
Ormond-on-the-Halifax, ,
who abuse Jan. II
razorbacks 92.
are worse Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
hatched 1st and the incubatorwas
cranksthan I January
am. After a few days unavoidable delay Poultry Matters.
Last November a year ago I was I will answer yours of the loth inst. I filled and started on another hatchat Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

hunting up a lot of shoats to turn on began to raise goats fifteen or eighteen once, and on the 21St we will haveas First, as to grit. I used to poundup

my pinders. I came across an old years ago with a thoroughbred buck many more, we hope. oyster shells for the grown fowls

long-nosed razorback with six young (that means imported or one of their There are two methods of feeding and use coarse sand for feeding chicks,
pigs, and as the whole seven were offered progeny). I bred to the common or but now think I have a better way. I
for four dollars I them.I practiced by those who raise broilers;
bought hairy goats. The fifth cross is whatis get coarse ground bone for a little less
have just sold the six pigs for $42.00; termed by all goat raisers full blood. the dry and the moist. We have used than $2.50 per 100 pounds and I use

they averaged me 100 pounds each. The cross improves their size and regulates both, but have concluded this seasonto about a quart or so a week for 100

She littered six again last summer, one their nativity, makes them confine ourselves to the dry method, fowls. They eat it very fast when

of which' I sent you, and the other healthy and larger. for the whole we believe there they have not had any for some time,
five I. expect to get $35.00 for by the Goat wool at the factories is all upon and I have no sick hens and no soft-
first to the middle of March. She sorted and graded; my wool grades will be less mortality if not as rapid shelled eggs. And my fowls do not

has just brought me a litter of eight with the best wool in the market. growth. We do not feed anything for scratch over and pick over the oyster

more. When I first bought this sow Last year it sold for from fiftyfourcents the first twenty-four or thirty-six hours. shells any more as they used to do. I
she was as "ornary" a chicken-eating, pound down to think our leading in
per twenty Our first feed is a baked loaf consist- object feeding
long-snouted wind splitter of a hog as averaged thirty-eight cents per pound.A fowls, cows or horses should be to
ing of two of cornmeal and oat
you ever saw, and the pigs were no good wether or buck will shear quarts obtain a quantity of rich manure, andit
better. I thought it a good opportu- four pounds; does shear two to three flake, one-half pint each of ground goes without saying that fowls fed

nity to see what slops, nut-grass, pounds; kids a little less. A common meal, ground bone meal and vinegar, on bone and bran and meat will make
sweet potatoes and pinders would do. raising flock such as I have of 100 two raw eggs, season with salt and richer manure than if fed on grain
The whole iot have not eaten ten head will shear a little better than 200 pepper. Mix well, use the vinegarand alone.
ears of corn all together. As she is pounds. add about two tablespoons of, As to Brother Amsden's idea of

a chicken-eater, I will take her litter You see I keep no register. .I just water to wet the mixture; bake for (feeding clover hay, that will do in the
from her as soon as they can crack corn raise and sell choice full blooded goatsof two hours; to prevent a hard crust frozen North, I suppose, but here it is

and fatten and sell her about April i. any sort at $5 per head. I see you forming on top cover with another pan. better to have green and growing oats
I will make her bring me $10 by don't understand the business; I have This you can feed for a weeK or ten and white clover and cabbage and

that time, even if Tom Sawyer did twenty-five tr thirty grade bucks days, when the chickens will begin to kale and turnips. I go into the gar
say fat hogs cannot be sold in Ocala. which I would sell, but you don't tire of it and want a change. Place den every day and cut collards or
Well, I don't depend on Ocala en- want these. You should have about equal parts of corn and wheat in an kale and bring them to my poultry

tirely for a market. I sell most of fifty high grade does and two thor- iron kettle and parch it quite brown; yards and it is quite gratifying to see
mine right from my own pen; haveno oughbred bucks which I guess you then crack it until it is the size of halfa several fowls around each stalk of

trouble about disposing of all I can can get by writing to Aaron Roff, II wheat grain. Sift out the fine part. greens taking bites. No necessity for

raise. Plantation hands and neigh-' Calhoun, Ga., at $25 or $30 a head. The coarser you can give alternatelywith a clover cutter here, and my birds only
bors are glad to get fresh pork once Dogs do not bother goats. In all the first or bread mixture. As a require me to bring the "greens" and
or twice a week. It don't cost any my experience I have never lost but substitute for ground meal we use the they "will do the rest." I think

thing to butcher them; the negroes do three by dogs and that was purely acci boiled blood and bone or desiccatedfish another year I will grow a lot of kale

that for the offal. dental. The dogs have killed nearly but first pass it through our En- for my poultry, as the leaves are so ,
Now, Mr. Editor, don't you thinkif all my sheep lately. My farm is five terprise mill and crush the particles of finely serrated that they have less difficulty -
there were more cranks on the pig miles east of Tilton. You ask the bone; and this one article is meat and in biting pieces off than in

question in Florida there would not number of does. I guess I have a bone in about the right proportions.Bone other kinds of the cabbage family. I

be so many on finance? I intend to hundred or perhaps a few over. Theyare is necessary to keep well fed, seldom use any corn except for sit
be just as cranky on mutton when I of all ages from a last spring's kid or I might say highly fed or forced ting hens. I have 112 fowls and four
get to it, as I am on pork. up to ten years old. I have one six- chickens on their feet. A lack of fowl houses and I haul in a numberof

Pork fattened on mast, nut-grass, teen or eighteen years old. bone and half of your flock will be cartloads of grass, pine straw and
pinders and sweet potatoes, makes About jumping; goats are like all crawling on their knees, when so hammock leaves and scatter around
meat that is unexcelled between Nov. highly fed. We give water from the
other stock; bad fence teaches any under the orange trees, and every
i and April i. After that you want kind of stock to jump. My goats for start; then no special drinking foun: time I feed I scatter the grain over
mutton and beef; as a summer meat three years haven't bothered anything. tain is necessary. For this purpose, this trash. The fowls have quite a
pork is unfit for use. Through the sum They run at large in the woods aroundme with a pair of tinner nips we scollop busy time for an hour or two after-

mer and early fall, feed your pigs just and my neighbors have some condemned milk cans, leaving the wards "scratching for a living." A
enough to keep them together and shallow part an inch and one-half high. fowl fares slim
sorry fence, I assure you. Well nowI lazy very on my place.
keep them from running wild. It is will sell you any number from To each pen of sixty to eighty chickswe For results, I suppose I get more eggs
better that their noses should be sharp seventy five down and deliver themon give four of these water dishes; these pleasant winter days than any

then, to enable them to get the number the cars at Tilton, your choice at two more of the same contain one ten men who keep fowls in this part
less roots they are so fond of, which the price above named.A. bone meal and the other charcoal of the country. M. CHESEBRO.
all over Florida. WEAVER. made from burned corn. These are
grow T. Mandarin, Fla.
There is no more reason why Florida Murray Co. always kept full, and when they can
should her and beef and S4 help themselves after three weeks old
get pork Price "Worth Guinea Box." 125c.
is I
The question often asked: "How a a
mutton from the Northwest, than that you can feed whole wheat, cracked
long does it take to clear hammock
the Northwest should theirs from corn and other grains, and once a day '
get "
land in Florida ? Dr. S. B. Bell has
Florida; and not as much, for pinder- soft food, scalded and mixed, so dry JJfllftQUICKLY .
had with and mule five
two men a ,
f fed pork and Florida grass-fed beef and acres of thick hammock cleared that it crumbles; also green stuff, cab- p
mutton are superior to corn-fed meat bage or lettuce leaves, onion tops, etc.,
in and juicy richness. plowed and planted in tomatoes, in but little at first and gradually increasethe ,( SOLUBLE
gamey six week's time. PLEASANTLY COATED ;
amount and keep a close watchto ;)
When this is properly appreciatedand ,
attended to the financial statusof see if it has any effect on the bowels.In cureSickHeadache
Judge W. W. Holt, of Hague,
the farmers of Florida will be dif- sowed the oats and plowed in two changing from one food to anotherbe ,
careful and do gradually so as
ferent. acres of land with a Boy Dixie plow. so and all
The fact that pork is cured and This is regarded as one of the biggest to avoid diarrhoea. A few drops of
Bilious and Nervous
beef is canned and dried and roasted day's.plowing ever accomplished in tincture of iron in the drinking water I !

and put up in tin cans in Kansas City the State. once a day is a good tonic and has a Diseases.
and Omaha and Sioux City and tendency to keep the fowls regular.
Chicago and sent into Florida, wouldbe I BROWN'S IRON BITTERS Here is one very important thing to 'Renowned- all over the World.(
remember. If chickens are of'a Ask for Beecham's and take no others.,
very amusing if it was not so Indigestion your Made at St. Helens, England. Sold by''
Cures -
serious a matter. But the most farcical variety that feather rapidly they shouldbe 'druggists and dealers. New York Depot. ,(
I r Canal St. 10'1.t .
& Debility. fed nearly all together on a carbon
part of it is, we buy this stuff and


&_ a a


.; -.


CONTENTS. The Fruit Exchange has annually learned by costly experience that the cause of this incessant turn of the

opened its doors to the growers, and only safety for the consignor is to set crank without rest. Florida straw-

OBOTK AKD Chestnut ORCHARD; The-Notice Cultivation: The Japan of Citrons Mammoth ; 43 they have assembled together and dis. his face like iron against the appealsof berries have not the reputation in
Prefers the Old Way Potash and
Nitrates: Quality In; Peaches; Transplanting cussed the orange question. The every one except his favorite house. Northern markets they enjoyed four
Old Orange Trees; 41ILLfiKOTxo
-The Riverside Orange Trust;Compe- manager of the Home Market has And for the reason that so few are years ago; they are meaner and
tition of Foreign Bottoms Needed; 45
THK VINEYARD Good Grape; 45 saved the growers this trouble; he has able to do this we hope to see the con- smaller.

FARMER ence AND With TRl'CICER-Edltorlal Pans Green: Best Notes Crops: for Expert the discussed the question for them. He signment system supplanted with a The watermelon enforces a rest; it

LIVE Trucker STOCK-;Texas Front: In Blue Florida Grass Hogs In Florida:Angora; Goats. ; 46 47 has rolled a thousand barrels of ''mysystem" better one as rapidly as possible. refuses to give a satisfactory or paying

oVLTRY-Care of Chicks:Poultry Matters 47 ...
; ---
down the interminable declivity yield without rotation. of the
EDITORIAL-Notes: The Burning Question: The Many
Consignment System;Cold Waves In Califor Cold Waves in California.The .
nla;Not enough Crop Rotation; 48 of eloquence. His system is best growers hold that they cannot
XARCETS-For Florida Produce 43 two cold spells of Christmas,
Auction Sales: .; 43 sound, and we believe in it thor- crop a field in melons oftener than
Questions and Replies;Florida Weather for December 1891, and of January 14, 1892, were
Tobacco Growers; Tobacco In South oughly-if there was only one, single, once in four years; some desire an
Morlda 49 so exceptional as to call for expressionof
OUR YOCKO FOLKS-Honors to the Flag In the good, central packing-house at the interval of seven years betwe n crops.
Navy; 50 sincere regret and sympathy We
J1IscEr..L.ANT-Rockledge.Florida;Phosphate;General bottom of the declivity. ; Old land gets foul with insects. One
orchard Management; tO have always, as an American citizen, :
OUR RURAL HOME-MOW Two Girls Put Out a Fire; All! these years the Fruit Exchangehas of the best nurserymen in the State
About Our Beds; Perfect Buckwheat Cakes; taken a patriotic pride in that great I
Recipes; The Baccllli of Malaria; 5j stood in Jacksonville and beck- rotates his young peach tfees aroundin
THE FARMERS ALLIANCE-The <'ause and the Rem- State, and, next after Florida, rejoicedmost
edy; Limited Liability; What Free Silver oned to the growers to come to it; but a circle in order to give the root-
Means;The Alliance not a Political Body; Re- heartily in its prosperity. We
peal the Homestead Law; 52 never has it gone to the growers, except knot insect the slip.
Silent Agencies at Work Upon Land Unearned
; have sometimes felt hurt and bitter
Increment; 53 when the
once, agent was sent
GARDEN AND LAWN-Zanzibar Water Lily; Tropical over the taunts which have been lev-
and Semitropical Fruits;Sending Flowers out in the endeavor to secure a cargofor
Long Distances; Business 54 eled from the Pacific coast at Florida ]3V1&rlcets.\
THE NURSERY Growth of the Nursery :
the Brixham. in
The left
STATE NEWS-:Notes: Florida Phosphate Output; surplus ......
-- -
misfortune '
Sphagnum Moss; 55 when has overtaken her; ""
its treasury last year would have built FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN
but a calamity like that which has be- JACKSONVILLE FLA., Jan. 19.
STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. and equipped two or three central
P. O.Address, Lawtey, Fla. fallen our gallant rivals sweeps awayat Reports of sales since last bulletin- was
packing-houses, and given the systema issued shows a decline in prices at all
once trace of such a senti--
The John G. Christopher clearedfor I start by shipping'train-loads of a every points. This is partly due to unfavorable
ment.It weather, also the markets seem some-
New York January 18 loaded uniform pack.
what easier under heavier feceipts.
matters not to us whether the
with oranges, lumber, etc., a full car- The first new packing-house, however Our agents advise that they expect a
mercury rested at 22 or whether it return of the upward tendency as soon as
go, and some left behind. She carries roughly it might be constructed, the weather moderates.
down whether
went to only one-
oranges at thirty cents a box-ten looming up in the piney woods of ; Telegrams advise as follows: 1. Car
third or one half the orange crop has 16477, Brights average $2.03, Russets
cents below the prevailing rate-and the Orange county, with the bright red
been frozen (though both estimatesare 193. 2. Car 36, averages $1.83. 3. Car
wishes of the growers for favoring gales flag of the Fruit Exchange flying over 6228 81.75 to:2.0.3; average $1.92. 4. Car
probably rather wild). Therewas 23, Brights average $2.00, Russets $1.-
followed her over the bar. They hopeto it, would be hailed by the growers Car 3180 2.10
frost enough to teach the Cali- 87;? 5. $1.75 to average
see her on schedule time next trip.A with shouts and bonfires. The first $1.06. Car 3182. $1.80 to 2.70, average

t train that rolled out solid from its fornians that they belong to the United 202. 6. Sale to-day 2700 boxes $1.30 to ,

States (which is not going out of the 2.20, average $1.75. Beastly weather.
"tree tomato" has been in
seen wharves-nothing on board but or- Receipts for week ending Saturday

California where it did not get frozen bound for frost business just yet) ; there was January 16th at New York, 40,950:;

anges Chicago-the cars enough to teach them to sympathizewith boxes, Baltimore 7,290 Philadelphia,
down in winter; but we opine that it with baggage trucks, air brakes and 10,000 boxes, Boston 19,411 boxes.PIIILADELPHIA .
Floridians the next time a gentle
would be better
probably a vegetableto would
passenger car bumpers, mingleits
North American zephyr comes down Jan. 16. .
for the World's Fair than for
grow thunders with the music of
parting We note very little change in our mar-
and tickles the I leaves of our
3 the kitchen garden. And we never horns and drums. orange ket since our last report; receipts con-

thought it a good plan to pay twenty- trees a little. In all her history Flor- tinue light and meet with ready sale on
The manager of the Home Market arrival at full quotations.
ida never had a half or even a quarterof
five cents for seventy-five cents' worthof :Mandarins and Tangerines are clean-
has done better than the
seeds. Better send to some long- Exchange; her orange crop frozen in anyone ing up and prices advancing, especiallyon

he has gone down to the growers, and season. But California never does fancy large size Tangerines.The .
known dealer and
trustworthy pay demand for vegetables remains
his voice has been lifted from Bre-
twenty-five cents for twenty five cents' up anything by halves.Fortunately good for first-class stock, but poor won't
vard to Hernando. But what has he pay expenses during winter months.
we can supply our en-
worth. We quote: Oranges, fancy Bright, 176
given them ? Words-words words !
terprising neighbors with plenty of to [no::;, $2.50 to 2.75; 126 to 150s:: $;.10 to

The Burning Question.The We beg pardon-he has given them young trees. In 1891 one man, Mr. 2.40; straight lines:: per box $2.25 to 2.50.
Everett House convention has Russets, prime, per box, 2.10 to 2.25:;;
many good accounts-sales with M. E. Gillett, as he states in a letterto ordinary and large sizes, $1.75 to 2.00.

adopted a constitution and thrown outa cheques thereto-and some tolerablypoor us, shipped to that Stale over 250- Tangerines, large sizes, $too to 4.50;

scheme for a State hierarchy rami- small sizes, $3.00: to 3.50. Mandarins,
ones. Both he and the Fruit 000 budded trees and 225,000 seed- $1.50 to 2.50 per box. Lemons, Bright

fying into county and neighborhoodunions. Exchange have-done well ; we would lings to be planted in nursery. $2.50 to 3.00; Russets and ordinary, $1.00to

The are to an 1.50. Grape fruit, $1.50 to 2.00 per
growers pay detract iota from their .If -
not one just Plants choice bbl.
box. Egg per $5.00
annual due-we suppose that will be laurels; but it is now time for them to Not Enough Crop Rotation. to 6.00; poor stock won't pay. Cucum-

the program-and to meet together ina do better. It is time for them to put There is practically]) no crop rotationin bers, choice, per crate, $3.00 Beans to $4.00;
poor, $1.00 to 1.50. String good
friendly, sociable way and discuss some coin into the business, as wells Florida. It is cotton after cotton, demand; Green, $3.00: to4.00; Wax, $3.50to

things, and discuss things, and discuss take some out. cabbage following cabbage, strawberries 3.00; Refugees, $1.50 to 2.50. Ripe
Tomatoes choice crate $2.50 to 3.00
per ;
things.All ,-*-< after on the same piece
year year green and ordinary, $1.00 to 2.00. Squash,
these discussions are valuable. The Consignment System. of land. It is easier to plant the $1.50 to 2.00. Green Peas, $2.00 to 3.00.

They enlighten the human race; they There is nothing wrong in the con same field over again to the same crop Lettuce mostly arriving, if good in, $4.00 poor condition to 5.00 per; shouldbe bbl.;

teach the American citizen and signment system if the merchants and purchase a few sacks of commer- shipped all rail express. All other
vegetables A. C. D.
the possible statesman to stand up on would stay at home and thoroughlymind cial fertilizer with the hope of com- REDFIELD & Sox.

his legs and strike out straight from their business and let the growers promising with the abused and worn-

the shoulder with facts and arguments. alone. But that is the essential out soil and coaxing it to repeatits ST. Louis, Jan. 18.
For choice repacked stock we quote:

There is no objection in the world to evil of the system that it affords an op high-water mark once more thanit Mexican, per box, $2.50 to 2.75; Florida,

an ample discussion of the orange portunity for irresponsible men and is to carve a new field out of the extra fancy, $2.50 to 3.00; do., brights,
per box, $2.25 to 2.50; do.-russets, $2.00
question, to a stirring of the same old rascals to work on the growers through tenacious forest, grub and plow to 2.2.3; Tangerines, per half box, $3.00to

decoction for the fiftieth time, if thereis personal solicitation and lying circu- and subdue it and wrench suc- 3.25; grape fruit, fair offerings and
demand at $2 to 2.50 per box.
only some sediment of money and lars, a sort of influence which few, unfortunately cess from a virgin soil. We believethe Judging from a number of letters received -

power precipitated to the bottom of are able to resist. As a yield of strawberries per acre has from Florida the past week the
strawberry crop in that State this com-
the vessel. shipper for many years the writer gone back in the last few years be- ing season will be very small. One writer




-I ,
x 'y .


says: "We had the most unfavorable Bright, unwrapped. .. .. 1.55 to 2.65 eral tons to his grove and reports a lux- second Tuesday of each month. The

year for planting the crop I ever saw Russet .. .. .._ .... . 1.60 to 2.00 urious growth as the result. officers of the association are a presi-
v here, as there was a continous drouth all Russet, unwrapped. .. .. 1.25 343. WORK ON MANURES. C. H., dent
vice-president treas-
through the planting season. Many crops Same, Jan. 15: Grove City Fla. For Bommer's Work
were entirely abandoned, but a few of Tangerines, boxes ;. .. .. .$2.05 to 3.25 on Manures write to the Orange Judd urer an d a committee of three on crop

the more energetic continued to plant, Fancy.. .. .. .. .. .. 1.75 Company, New York City. reports, all of whom are to be electedon
watering them so they will have a good Bright .. .. .. .. . 1.30 to 2.15 344. the second Tuesday in January
showing for their work. I learn that at Bright, unwrapped .. .. 95 to 1.55 ASPARAGUS, TOMATOES. H.
T. "VV., Corpu3 Christi Texas. Will
a number of other prominent points the Russets . .. .. .. 1.15to2.00 informationon youor next.Every member of the association is
supply of berries will not be equal to our Grape fruit.. .. .. .*. 1.10 to 1.45 your readers give some
much smaller acreage." Another writer the following points: required to make a written report every -
Same, Jan. 16: ((1)). What method can be adopted for
slates 'You need not look for straw- weeks oftener if
: any Fancy. .. .. .. . .$2.10 killing down the tops of asparagus where. two or necessary -
berries before the 30th of July later.
Plants small but having or plentyof Bright. .. ._ . .. 1.30 to 2.15 there is not cold or frost enough, or sufficient of the condition of his crop, the
rain are now." we are Russet . .. .:. .. . 1.30 to 1.75 to keep down before the starting of I methods pursued, the obstacles and

Late advices from the South, more Same, Jan. 18 ((620 boxes; average, new shoots? difficulties met and surmounted or re
especially from Louisiana, go to show $1.94)): ((2)). What manner of perichery or moved, the plans used and -whether
that the forthcoming crop of new Irish Fancy. .. .. .. ._ .$1.75 to 2.80 pruning or when in tomato ,vines to spe- successful or failures etc. are all sub-
potatoes will be a large one, and that Bright. .. .. .. .. : 1.70 to 2.30 cially direct the energies of the plant to ,
large quantities of both old and new Russet .. .. .. .. ,. 1.70 to 2.05 induce fruitfulness, earliness and large jects to be considered in these reports.
spuds will compete for public patronagein Sgobel & Day, Jan.. 8: size of fruit? The reports are to be given to the secretary -

the spring in every market, and that Tangerines .. .. _. .$1.90 to 2.50 ((1)). Cut off the tops within four to six who turns them over to the
no fancy prices will prevail for either Mandarins, halves. . . 1.20 inches of the ground. ((2)). In garden committee. It is the duty of the committee -
anywhere. A number of letters have Navels .. .. .. . . 3.30 culture it pays to cut or pmch.off all the to examine and epitomize such
been recently received from Southern Fancy. .. .* .. .. .. 2.05 to 2.70 I side-shoots as fast as they appear, leav-
and them each
growers and shippers asking for the Bright ._ .. . .. . 2.05 to 2.60 ing only one stem and training that up toa I reports present at regular -
prospects for the new supply, the quantity Russet . .. .. .. . 1.85 to 2.10 stake. The Ithaca (N. Y.) Experiment session together with such sug-
of old stock in the market, etc., etc. Same, Jan. 12: Station found by trial that fifty per cent. gestions and instructions as they may
The old supply is very large-so abund- Mandarins, halves.$1.50 more fruit could be grown on a given' deem proper and necessary.

ant that there is no visible advance on Navels. .. .. .. .. 2.50 area by this method than by the let-alone Branch organizations may be formedin
the prices which ruled two months ago, Fancy. .. .. .. .. . 2.00 to 2.65 system. But trimming would probablynot I' of the These
although the prolonged cold snap has Bright .. .. . .. . 1.85 to 2.45 pay in field culture. any county.
stiffened the market and some will not 345. NUT CULTURE. C. B. K. Cedar branches are to be governed by the
Russet . .. .. .. .:. 1.70 to 2.25 i
sell at ruling figures.P. Same, Jan. 13: Rapids, Iowa. Pecans do well at leastas same rules, and their secretaries must
M. KIELY & Co. Tangerines, halves.$1.45 to 2.50 far South as the lower end of Marion send the monthly epitomized reportsto

Special to the Times-Union. Mandarins, halves . . 55 to 1.40 County, if a proper selection of soil is the central. organization. All fees

NEW YORK Jan. 20. Fancy.. .. .. .. .. .. 1.50 to 2.90 made. So do Spanish and Japan Chest- and dues collected by the sub-organizations -
Oranges remain about the same. :;lie Bright . .. . .. 1.45to2.50 nuts so far as tried, but English walnuts are to be retained by the same
extreme cold weather interferes Russet .. . .. .. . 1.50 to 2.20 have not flourished in South Florida.
much with the sale. Bright, fancy stock very, Navels .. .. .. .. .. 2.85 We believe, however, that the failurewas for expenses incurred.Be .
due to a faulty choice of soil.
sure to attend the next meetingon
$2.25 to 2.50; bright, straight lines. $200to Same, Jan. 15: Olives have been little planted in
2.25; fair to good, $1.60 to 1.75; rus- Tangerines, halves. .. .. 1.45 to 2.35 Florida, because e'Veryone very was absorbedin the second Tuesday in J anuary.-

sets, $1.50 to 1.87; Tangerines, $3.00 to I Navels. .. .. .. .. .. 2.20 citrus fruit culture. But there were Milton Clarion.
5.00; Mandarins $2.00 to 2.50; beans, Grapefruit.. .. . .. .75 to 2.40 formerly few very fine and thrifty trees .
$2.50 to 3.00 per crate. Bright .. .. .. .. . 1.30 to 2.20 in Alachua county-enough to prove that Tobacco in South Florida.
OLIVIT BROS. Russet .. .. .. .. .. 1.45 to 1.80 in a suitable locality they will flourish.Mr. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.

CHICAGO Jan. 18. BOSTON. Gecrge L. Taber, of Glen St. Mary, Two years ago I raised a large bed
Snow & Co. Jan. 11 has nearly a hundred growing, which, of Sumatra tobacco
Florida bright boxes, 96 oranges, : plants, hoping my
.. .. .. . .. to when we saw them, were very beautifuland
$1.50; do., bright boxes 126 oranges,. Bright eo. eo eo $1.62 3.12 neighbors would test it and expecteda
$1.75; do., bright, boxes 150 Russet .. .. .. .. . 1.35 to 2.80 about eight feet high. There is a and
oranges wonderful variety of soils in this State, party to come put out a crop on
$1.90 to 2.00; do., bright, boxes, 176 to H. Harris & Co., Jan. 11: and in fruit-growing very much dependson my place, but said party did not come.A .
216 oranges, $2.30 to 2.35; do., russets Tangerines, halves.$2.37
a selection. The olive is hardy
boxes, 96 oranges, $1.35: do., russets Mandarins, halves. .. . 1.37 to 1.75 in our proper climate. I Mr. William Russell of this office

boxes 126 oranges, $1.50 to 1.60; do.. Bright .. .. .. .. .. 2.25 to 3.00 put out 100 plants 'on pine land, fertilized -
. russets, boxes, 150 oranges, 1.65 to 1.75;; Russet .. : .. .. . 2.10 to 2.87 only with dry cow chips pickedup
do., russets, boxes, 176 to 216 oranges, Navels .. . .. .. . 3.37 to 3.75 Florida Weather for December. I from the woods and I can say it
$2.00 to 2.10; California Navels, per box, Same Jan. 14 and 15 ,
: Temper- ; was a fine looking patch with a beautiful
$3.50; do. seedlings, per box, $2.25.M. Fancy.. ... .. .. . .$2.05 to 2.87 I aturc. ,'". I and he it
velvety leaf
GEORGE & Co. Bright eo .. .. .. .. .. 2.00 to 3.00 '0 ; says
Golden Russet. . .. . 1.87 to 2.62 STATIONS. OBSERVERS. I. Cr 8 '!, smoked well. He claims to be a judge,
BOSTON, Jan. 19. Russet . .. . ._ .. . 1.95 to 2.55 ,lu u_ w but uses a pipe, so I cannot say how
Special Five to thousand FARMER AND boxes FRUIT-GROWER sold : 1.75 Lemons .. . .. .. eo. 1.75 to 1.87 oat U It n u I -I S.2 solid the ash would be and could not
to-day; . .. .. 2.25 0" :
Grapefruit ,4 A tell the number of he raised
to 2.62 for good to choice sound fruit. =. I IFl pounds

Much fruit sold lower-frosted and rot- CHICAGO. Amelia...... ... J. Buzzell..... ... 58.4 4.10 per acre.
ten. Demand good for sound fruit. Barnett Bros., Jan. 13: Archer........... A.\Vyman..... 89$3o, 6I.4l2.24! Don't think a yearly index

SNOW & Co. Fancy .. .. . .. .. . .$1.40 to 2.15 DeLand................... Julian N. Banta. 873563.6 4.50 you
Eustis. K.W.O.l\Iargary B4 31J6J'4: 3.14 would add much value to those who
Bright. .. .. ... .. 1.80 to 2.05 Federal Point.. .. Charles Ingall... .,L... .... ;'
CHICAGO,Jan. 19. Russet.. . .. .. . .. 1.70 to 2.00 Fort Meade...... A- H. Adams... 83 39 66.I .65 keep the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER
Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: Grasmere.... .... John R. Escott.. 80 4262.4.; ... on file? I. M. DE PEW.
2.40 LIVERPOOL. Merritt's Island. Jas. H. White. 81 52,68.o 2.57
Brights averaged ; russets, 2.10; L. & Co. Dec. 24 Homeland....... J.S. Wade .......834016f.3!! ..30lIypoluxo. .
Tangerines, 3.50. Conolly : ..... .. II. D. Pierce..... 82155,72.1' 1.07
M. GEORGE & Co. Florida oranges sold at auction rang- Jacksonville..... Central office.... 80'3259.63.46, The stimulating climate of this col-
ing from 2s. to 14s. 6d.; averaging about Jupiter ..... .... A. J. Mitchell... t 5t 70.6 1.45.. ony causes a too abundant productionof
11s. lots follows Key'Vest........ H.B. Boyer...... 83 62 72.6 1.21
AUOTION SALES.JACKSONVILLE. Sample as : Madison........ F. Starr Gr gor. 7435157.9..1, fruit, and the equinoctial gales do
Bishop, Hoyt& Co.. .22 126-170, 14s. 6d. Manatee........ c. V. S. Wilson.. 85 42 66.4 ..49lliami. not shake off of the
.22 200-240, 9s. 6d. ..._..... .. A. A. Brickell............ always enough
.23 138-176,13s. 3d. l\Iicco............ Hal. P Hardin.. 86 51.67.2 2.47 excess. If there were a space of a
Home Market Jan. 15 2,394 boxes Mullet Key...... Dr J. Y. Porter. .,. .... ....
: between the fruit
Sherman &Co. . 27 126-250, 7s. Myers..M. 1'!. Gardner.. 83 56 67.6 .so good span upon a
Tangerines, boxes.$2.10 to 3.60 u. A..35 126-225, 12s. 6d. Ocala.:: .......... W. L. J wett.....79'37' 6o.6 .... tree in full bearing the specimens
Tangerines, halves........ ... 1.40 Orange City..... Dr. G. E.Walton 8440! 64.2 4.30
Mandarins......................... 1.50 PHILADELPHIA.E. Pasadena..... ... J. H.Neff....... 82134 63'5,2.n would be very fine, and there wouldbe
Roberts, Jan. 8: Pensacola.... .... C. A. Smith...... 73 32 55.0 2.87 no less weight of fruit when ripe
1.25 to 1.75 ,
Runnymede..... D. C. Sutton.... .. .... ...
Fancy.... 1.20 to 1.75 Tangerines halves.. .. .$1.80 San Antonio..... P. R. Gailmard...... .... .. with a better chance for fruit next
Bright...........................". .50 to 1.50Russet. :Mandarins h. .. . 1.00 to 1.10 St. Petersburg... Theo. G. Maltby. 88 65.2 .81 because the would be
to 1.45 Grape fruit. .eo . . 1.25 Tallahassee...... Rev.+W.H.Carter:\75130155.5, 3.00 year, tree
.. . . .. 1.75to2.35 Tampa....._ .... Thos. Considine. 8342 65. I.IS stronger. The production of seeds in
Grapefruit. .. .. .. .. 1.65 Bright Tarpon Springs. C. D. Webster.../..j..I.... ...
Same, Jan. 18, 1,674 boxes: Russet . .. . . 1.25 to 2.00 Titusville........ J.E.Lanouette.. 8248,66.2, 3.90 excess is very weakening to plants,

Tangerines, boxes .$2.40 to 3.70 Same, Jan. 11: E. R. DEMAIN,Director. I but the amount of fruit.pulp or body

Tangerines, halves............... 1.25Mandarins. Tangerines, halves .. ..$1.80 (exclusive seeds) is dependent upon
.- 1.35 Navels. . .. .. .. .. 2.50 Tobacco Growers. the plant food available. Weight of
1.50 Mandarins .. .. .. ... 1.15 to 1.45
.95 to 1.30 Bright . .. . .. ... 2.00 to 2.60 The coming tobacco growers of fruit can be secured every year by the
Bright-Fancy.-. to 1.30 Russet ... .. .. .. 1.90 to 2:20Questions Santa Rosa county adopted a consti- application of suitable manures, but

Bright, unwrapped............. .85 to .90 i t tution and by-laws at the meeting number is dependent upon the stored
._ .90 to 1.30 and Replies. Tuesday. energy in the fruit-buds, and i if this is

Grape fruit.. 1.25 to 1.65 342. SOFT PHOSPHATE. L. W. K., requirements of membershipare exhausted this year there will be very

NEW YORK.E. Norwalk, Fla. The Belleview soft phos- to be a farmer, or interested in to- little fruit next year. Thin out the

L. Goodsell, Jan. 12: phate has been tried by several of our bacco growing. The initiation fee is fruit now, and leave only a reasonable
Mandarins, halves .. .. .$ .80 to 1.00 correspondents, all of whom report very number to be matured.AustralianPaper.
Fancy.. 2.30 to 2.90 favorably of it. Ex-Governor Harrison 25 cents.

Bright.. .. .. .. . .. 1.75to2.50 Reed, of South Jacksonville, applied sev- The regular meetings will be on the .








Our Phosphate.The than 10,000 tons had been sent to

youn FoII s. ]VIi s cell an 1. reports of the investigating market. In June, '91, we found

committee of the house of that 110,000 tons were shipped to
Honors to the Flag in the Navy.I representatives
am not so familiar with the customsof Rockledge, Florida. of the South Carolina legislature, Europe alone, more than all the South

the army in regard to the flag; but in This is the choicest orange growing on the transactions of the phosphate Carolina rock shipped in any year.

the navy I know they are admirable, in the world. Indian river commission were filed on Monday In June, 1890, the phosphate working
and decidedly worthy of emulation in district or- night. in Polk and DeSoto counties, Florida,
civil life. You know thata 'are famous, and it is from a little
perhaps anges
may From the of the the was just commenced. In 1891 eighteen
flag of a ship does not fly during the strip at the northern end of this great report majority
companies organized and
are now
night. It is taken in at sunset, and I salt channel that the best of them following relative to the phosphate of
think the simple little ceremony which Valencias in the market bringno that State and Florida is extracted: in operation, with a capacity of 867-

attends the hauling down of the ensignat come. The litigation over the Coosaw 000 tons per annum.-New Capitol.

sunset is one of the prettiest in exist- such price.I river mining and stoppage of work and .
ence. The first time I ever saw it I was have just been through the splen- General Orchard Management.The .
shipments have done much harm and
sitting on the quarter-deck of the U. S. S. did of Horace P. Shares of natural business is
tree's to reproduce -
the would suffered -
"Yantic, conversing with three of her English buyers have
officers. We had been dining together, New Hav n.Vhat a beautiful sight! if there had been no other good itself. The more limbs, the

and were enjoying the cool evening Branches borne low to the ground rock, but unfortunately for South more seeds. It is not seeds, but fruit

breeze under the awning. I knew thatit with clusters of the yellow gems, Carolina the Florida phosphate buyers of a superior quality we want. My

was nearly time for "evening colors, sometimes fifteen and twenty in one own experience is that trees well cul-
just what they required to make
anxious whether the
and I was to see
ceremony in the navy was different from mass! Tangerines, grape fruit, them independent of South Carolina tivated will more than double in money

that aboard a first-class yacht. I speedily lemons and other less known rock. Not only has it proved to be a value those uncultivated. On hilly

learned there was a difference.A fruits are near at hand. Land of this ground even if not everywhere, I
good working phosphate, one
few minutes before sundown a sort is worth from $1,000 to $1,500 the but says it think mulching a great deal better
English buyers, yields a
from the and
bugle-call sounded flagship an acre. Many an acre,nets its owner much than plowing. Plowing is only mulch-
of soluble
the call was immediately repeated by I higher per cent.
the buglers of the other ships of the i $1,000 a year.Rockledge phosphate, a matter of great importance ing with the surface soil.Ve can't

squadron. is essentially a New to European, especially continental plow under bearing trees, the very
"What is that?" I asked. Haven and-suburbs community.Last buyers. place they need it most. We may
"That's 'Stand by the colors,'"said one mulch with waste material suchas
there were seventyeightpersons any
of the officers. year The stoppage of the Coosaw mining
Two sailors came aft, cast off the en- from that region at this placeon has given an impetus to the use of straw, sawdust, shavings, rotten

sign halyard, and stood by with their the ,same day. Lewis Powe, of Florida phosphates and has broughtit wood, weeds, briars, sound wood,
eyes on the flag-ship. In a few momentswe Ansonia was the first to come here- ; hooppoles or round rocks. I proposeto
heard bugles sounding again; for Attracted out as a competitor more rapidly have orchard in clover mow
about fifteen by my ,
years ago. than could have been donein
must know that on board ship possibly
you manyof and for mulch. This
use seem
the loveliness of the river he bought may
the commands are conveyed by a few any other way.
musical notes upon the bugle. A marine property, built and settled here in little wasteful but will be convenient.

came aft and,saluting, said: the winter months. William M. Another great European house Then as the clover rots it will make a

"Haul down, sir." Merwin, of Milford, next took up residence advertises the Dunnellonand, gives a rich fertilizer around the trees. But

"All right," said the officer of the deck. here thirteen He certified statement of nearly 16,000 whether we plow or whether we mulch,
years ago.
"Sound off. tons as averaging 78 per, cent. against one-half the labor we bestow on a
is known in Connecticut through the
At that order the bugler of the Yantic
blew; the lovely call, "Evening Colors." enormous oyster business he conducts 55 per cent. for South Carolina rock. corn crop judiciously applied to the

The moment he sounded the first note, with his sons. He has just completeda On this and other points we espec orchard would pay us vastly better.

the officers rose from their chairs, faced second house a fine large cottage ially call attention to the information Our thin, hilly land, devoted to orchards -
the colors, took off their caps, and stood kindly given to the committee by Dr. well cared for will yield profits
the river. George Smith
fronting on
silent in attitudes while tho '
respectful C. U. admitted be the
Shepard, to twice best lands devoted
as large as our
two seamenslowly hauled down the col- the Milford Point hotel man, was

ors, bringing them in over the rail as the I next to fall in love with Rockledge; highest authority on this subject. to grain crops.-Jo. A. BUR-

call came to an end. When the colors then Mr. Bronson, of Ansonia In 1888 the first Florida rock was TON, before the Indiana Horticultural
reached the deck and were gathered in Horace P. Shares of New Haven-six shipped. Up to June, 1890, less Society.
by the seamen and the last note of the ,
bugle died away, the officers put on their winters ago-E. A. Chatfield, the

caps, resumed their seats, and went on New Haven contractor; A. B. Bald-
with the conversation. Removing the win, also of New Haven; A. N. PAR ES D S (CONSUMPTION OF THE BRAIN 1)

cap in honor of the colors is the common
Clark of Plainville tool manufacturer
form of salute in the navy.Vhen an PROF.PHZLTS' greatdlscovery,
can certainly be cured by ouly onu ihins namely:
Wheeler builder of New Haven
officer comes up from below he always ;
lifts his cap in the direction of the quar- and P. E. Peck, of Woodbridge.These .

ter-deck; and all boys should remember, gentlemen all own property at PAINE'SCOMPOUNDI
when visiting a man-of-war, that the
this most of them raise
proper thing to do when you go on board ; oranges; Saved From tho Insane Asylum. Dear Sir3-1 feel itmy dutyto tell you
is to turn towards the stern of the ship and a royal winter home it makes.: what Paine's Celery Compound did for me. I can't praise it enough. About a year ago my
wheie the ensign always flses at the taff- Mr. Wheeler, whose son is the well head troubled me so that it seemed as though I should be crazy. It was caused b/over-
I asked the advice of two doctors who cave me medicine to no effect and I did not
rail staff, and raise the hat. If the officerof known organist has a large house
know what I woulldo. I did not want to KOO anyone,everything seemed so strange. I
the deck sees you he will return the with rooms to let to New Havenersand had a tired languid feeling,my kidneys troubled me,and I felt badly. '1 read your advertisement .
salute; but whether any one is on the others who desire to in in a paper and thought I would try the comoound. Before I had taken half of one
quarter-deck or notal ways raise your hat tarry bottle I felt like a new person. Four bottles cured me and I would recommtJd it to all
when you go on board. The salute is to Rockledge for a season. The decorations that feel the way I did. Yours truly, MBS. J. WILCOX, Rural P.O.,WIs.

the flag, and not to any person, and of the house in beautiful woods with the action ofPaine
Prescribe It. Ikar S'rt:-! am much pleased
surely every American boy ought to be suggest wider use of these native ma- Physicians s Celery Compound in those cases where the nervous system was broken down from
proud to lift his hat to the flag of his terials. Nine miles below RockledgeC. over-work of mind or body. I have seen particularly good results where the patient had
country.-W. J. HENDERSON in Decem- lost all ambition,no appetite,constipated,could not sleep nights, etc. Threr or four cases
ber St. Nicholas. W. Blakeslee, of New Haven, hasa of weak emaciated,hysterical! have been cured with the Compound. I have observed -
river home. that it quiets excitable nerves gives patients better rest, increases appetite,regulates
and is to build broken-down cases generally. Yours truly,
bowels, a good remedy up
NEW KODAKS. The Indian River is as long as the R. a EDCEKTOX, M. D., Altona> 111.

Hudson. At Rockledgeit is two miles It Is sold by all reliable druggists. WELLS RICHARDSON,&CO., Prors.,Burlington.Vt.

wide. Emma Thursby, the vocalist, Beware of wnrthlp.ss imitations; of DIAMOND DYr has a home opposite the Connecticut

You press the community; indeed Indian River has a

button number of celebrities upon it. Senator NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT

Quay at St. Lucie, well down the In compounding a solution a part was accidently spilled on the hand
t and on washing afterward It was discovered that the hair was completely -
we do tht rest. stream, has a regal residence, and his removed. We at once put ibis wonderful preparation, on the
market and so great has been the demand that we are now introducing
success in catching the mighty tarpon It throughout the world under the name of Queen's Auti-llairJne.
has increased and mitigated fame won .- IT IS PERFECTLY HARMLESS AND
Seven Sew Styles and Sizes
ALIIOADKD WITH Transparent Films. on financial rather than on piscatoriallines. i Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the
For sale by all Photo.Stock Dealers. A Philadelphia soap magnatehas hair disappears as if by magic without the slightest pain or in jury wben
applied or ever afterward. It unlIke any other preparation ever used
THE EASTMAN COMPANY, put $200,000 on a place near Mr. for a like purpose. Thousand of LAI>IFS who. have been annoyed
with hair on their F.t CJ-:.NECK and ARMS attest its merits.
Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER N.Y. Quay's. McCormick, of Chicago, a .---_ UBNTI.KM KN who do not appreciate beard or hair on their neck,
PERSIMMONS, Plums, Mammoth him of = .J find! a priceless boon In Queen Anti-Hairine does away
JAPANESE brother reaper fame paid with Shaving by rendering its future growth an utter Impossibility
,Japan Walnuts hardy orange U M- Price of Qoeen's Anti.Hafr!lne fl. per bottle sent In safety mailing boxes O'Ita e paid by us(securely
for his Lake Worthat
.h I u. Also ornamental stock rare bulbs,seeds, $1,000 place at sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with Full addrEs written plaInly. Corres-
etc Olive. fig trees grapevines. Goods sent ( the southern extremity of the pondeoee etrlctly confidential. Tbl. advertisement!! I H honest and straight forward in every word It
safely by Freight, Express or mail. contains WI"'Jtfll yon to deal with o-and you will find everything as reprwwnted. Cut this out andsend
Send for our new, finely illustrated catalogue, river) and has laid out $iooooo, on 1.o-daT. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI,O. You can
Address register your letter at any Pont Office to Insure its safe delivery U>will pay 9f>OO for any case
H. H. BERGER & CO., it.-New Haven Palladium. or failure or slightest Injury to any purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed
San FranciscoCat.'J _p .. SPEClll-To ladl_who Introdu and sell among their friends Rb Bottles of Qu.eu'Antf-lIaJrfD..
!:win present with a BILK DRESS 16J"arcs best.Uk. Extra Larc Bottle and aamplq
tabUshed 1878. I BEECHAM'S PIIXS will save doctor's bills. of ink W select from sent with order. Good Salary or CommiNloa to 1Ssnts. I



; -







Our Rural fiome the middle of the room. A German salt when set, and in no case dip out These can be prepared the day before.
scientist tells us that we should of the jar or pail to bake, but take outa Drain a dozen large oysters on a napkinand
them with salt and
"- with heads toward sufficient for the meal and sprinkle pepper;
always sleep our quantity ,
Take of the in
a tablespoonful potato
How Two
Put Out Fire.
a the north pole. The next best posi- add to it two-thirds of a teaspoonfulof your hand, place an oyster in the centreof
For Our Rural: Home. tion is east. It is equal to committing soda (not saleratus) dissolved in hot it, lay hajf as much more potato on
The two twin daughters of Rev. J. suicide to lie with the head toward water, and use more or less as the top of the oyster; and shape it into a ball
P. DePass, Director of the Experiment the south." batter may need thinning. It is desirable with the hands. Butter a pan, place the
balls on it, a small of butter
Station noted for their fondnessfor press piece
are Beds should be aired as long as to thin as little as possible,and into the top of each one, and bake in a
outdoor sports, climbing, swing- possible. A good way to air the if they happen to be thick enough to hot oven to a delicate brown.-Country

ing, swimming, shooting, riding, clothes is to place two chairs at the require much thinning, a cup of new Gentleman.
breaking colts. It is a common remark foot of the bed, two or three feet milk is better than water. Sonie time SCALLOPED OYSTERS.-Drain two dozen

with the neighbors that they away, then draw the clothes from the in the forenoon, the batter in the jar oysters and plump them by spreadingthem
never know.what the DePass girls bed over them smoothly, leaving the should have a cup of cold water and upon the bottom of a hot frypanin
which a little butter has been spread.
will be at next, such is their courage, mattress bare. In this way the matt- some wheat flour beat into it and then Turn them carefully so that both sides

coolness and exuberance of animal ress gets aired and the clothes have a set in a cool place; the reason of this may be plumped and the edges ruffled;
spirits. better chance than when thrown over is, to keep it constantly rising insteadof then remove them and season the liquid
Not long ago they went to bed one chairs. The pillows are beaten up becoming sour. The batter shouldbe with a saltspoonful of salt, half a one of
white a whole one of celery salt,
night, supposing the fire was put out and placed in the air, but not in the beaten thoroughly at night, but a sprinkling pepper of cayenne, a table-
and leaving a favorite pet cat asleepon sun, as that makes them smell oily. stirred carefully when prepared for spoonful of butter, and hearing wet
.the hearth. As the air grew coolerin Pillows ought to be washed at least baking. I would say for the relief of in a little cold milk. Stir the mixture

the.room the cat crept closer up every spring. Take a pair or two at some sorely tried cook, that there is a constantly until it is free from lumps and
boils smooth and thick then add the
into the warm fireplace, and finally time be select- difference in buckwheat flour up ;
a as they may spared, great ; oysters, and when they boil well pour
got on some smouldering embers and ing a time when it promises fair that which is of a light and yellowish them into a buttered pudding utJ dish. Sprinkle -
caught afire. In its distress naturally weather. Put them in soak in nearly tinge being better than that of a darkor with stale bread crumbs, well but-

enough it ran to its protectors, jumpedon cold soapsuds, pushing them down bluish cast; and graham flour is bet- tered, season with salt and pepper and
the bed and set it afire. But the bake in a hot oven until nicely browned.At .
under water from time to time, so as ter than the fine Indian meal our fore-
luncheon or dinner this is a favorite
two girls slumbered peacefully on. to get them all wet through; then rinsein mothers used in their cakes. But the dish to follow soup. Pass sliced lemon
Finally the miserable animal, with its two clear waters, squeezing out all best batter can be ruined if baked on with it.

fur burning and fizzling and its bowels the water possible. Pin securely to too cool a griddle; a substantial fire J .
drawing together with the heat, unable the line. As soon as the ticking is should be made, and the griddle heatedon The Bacilli of Malaria.A .

any longer to endure the intolerable r dry at the top turn them, and continueto top of the stove, where it can be foreign physician is reported in
anguish, gave a prolonged and dolor do this at intervals during the day. turned to keep it from getting too hot Popular Science News as having recently -

ous yowl. Forthwith the girls were I It is better to hang them in the shade in places, and there should be dry investigated the comparative

awakened and leaped out of bed. than in the sun. A brisk wind helpsto sticks near, to add to the fire if it gets number of bacilli in the air at differ-

They were nearly stifled with the dry them. Should there come a too low, as the cakes must be bakedas ent times of day. His experiments,

smoke and the hellish stink of the rain before they are dry, lay them on rapidly as they can be put on, conducted in the observatory of Mon-
burning cat and woolen. But, insteadof top of the clothesbars before the turned and taken off the griddle. calieri, were carried out by means of

crying out and fainting as most kitchen fire. If they should smell There should be a door conveniently small rubber balloons filled with hy

girls would have done, they hustled .badly, do not feel alarmed; all unpleasant situated, for the cook to throw open, drogen. On to these balloons he fastened -
around, beat out the fire in their bed, odor will go away when hey to let out heat and smoke and render a small box holding prepared

wrapped the agonized cat in a wet are hung out again in the air. While the cooking tolerable. Practical glass slides, which box he was able to

towel, then opened the windows and drying they should be patted and Farmer. open by means of a cord after the

let in some fresh air. Although some pulled in shape. It will take a num- J balloon had reached the desired height.

of the covers were nearly half burned ber of days to dry them, and they Recipes. Microscopical examination of the slides -
up before they could extinguish the should not be used under a month. If FRIED OYSTERs.-Drain and wipe showed that in the early hours of the
fire their.bed large oysters by placing them upon a day the of bacteria closeto
they pulled together so they need new ticks, now is the timeto swarms were
that could in it and after cloth and pressing another on top of the ground and in numbers
they sleep change them. Only the best ticking them. Season fine cracker crumbs with large ;
the air of the room had been purifiedand I should be used. Sew up the tick, pepper, and after rolling each oyster in later, at about 9 o'clock in the morn-

the cat's pain assuaged, they went I leaving one end open. Take the pil- beaten egg, roll in this and fry, a few at ing, until about 3 in the afternoon,
bed their a time, in equal parts of butter and lard, would rise until reached
to and to sleep, and parents low, when dry, into a shed, or where they they a
*knew nothing of the occurrence until there is no air stirring to make the and smoking serve hot.with celery Drain or on lettuce brown, dressed paper considerable height, and from that

the next morning. feathers fly. Carefully rip open the with oil and vinegar. time would gradually sink to the

OCCASIONAL.Lake end, moving the pillow as little as BROILED OYSTERS.-Plump the oysters, ground. The number of bacilli in
City. possible. Have ready a stout needle as directed above, lift them from the the air was almost exactly in propor-
and thread and baste the new and pan and broil quickly, a little on each tion to the rise in temperature, whilein
About Our Beds. side. Remove the crust and toast and
direct opposition to the amount of
old tick together; then gently shake
Pillows should be made of the best butter several slices of bread. Dip one humidity in the atmosphere. It is
the feathers from the old into the new side of each slice in the liquid remainingin
feathers to be had, and we should go tick. After they are mostly out, un- the fry-pan, which should have been evident, therefore, that the condensa-
to reliable dealers for them. Many baste and insert the hand for the re- seasoned with salt and pepper and kept tion of the watery vapors in the air

pillows purporting to be of first mainder, then sew up the tick, over hot. Arrange the toast, dry side up, on causes the falling of the bacilli, and

quality are doctored with all sorts and over closely, and the work is a turn platter the;remainder place the oysters the upon it and for this reason the morning and even-

of rubbish to help fill up. Curled done.-Good Housekeeping. and serve. liquid over ing hours are the most dangerous in

hair pillows are liked by many. They > o > SAUTEED OYSTERS.-These are more malarial districts.
need picking up and cleansing., as Perfect Buckwheat Cakes. delicate than fried oysters, and as easily J .
well as the feather pillows. The proportions are two parts buckwheat prepared. Drain and wipe as above, Fifty or sixty dollars have been spentin
and roll in beaten and cracker this for fine Cuban tobacco
wheat and I egg vicinity
of soft blankets
Plenty fleecy are one part one part
'' I For the cakes crumbs. Heat a pancake griddle, and s"eed. Capt. J. P. Grantham took $8
the ideal" bed covering -light, ,, graham. starting (to after dropping a small bit of butter on
warm and soft. What more could we be done any time during the middleof it, place an oyster upon it, and as soon worth to start with.-Monticello Con-

ask ? A pure white quilt looks dainty the day), take one cup of wheat as it browns, drop another bit of butter stitution.
and seems mcst suitable for an out- and one of buckwheat flour and mix beside it, and turn carefully on to this
and brown the other side. Serve with Headers
side covering. Let us do away with with water slightly warm to the con Intelligent
salad, or as a second course at dinner.
the old-time heavy quilts and com- sistency of bread sponge, adding one- I
Cut '
OYSTERS ON HALF SHELL.- a quantity -
fortables. A patchwork quilt, be it half a cup of home made yeast, or one of fresh lettuce across the leaves in Pills
ever so elaborate, or silk, or satin, in soaked Magic yeast cake, or one I I strips a quarter of an inch wide, and 11111'S
the "craziest design," will never cup of the sponge, saved out of the after folding it in a wet napkin place it
compare with a pure white quilt. horning baking, and a little salt; set in the ice-box until wanted. Just before
the oysters are needed crush a quantityof sire not"warranted to cure" mil classes
Physicians tell us that it is very un- in a warm place until it begins to rise, ice quite fine and sprinkle it evenlyover .f diseases, but only such as result
healthy to sleep near the wall, on account then move to a cooler place until about the deep part of dinner or breakfast from a disordered liver Tic

of dampness for one thing ; and 9 p. m.; then set for breakfast by add plates and border it with a circle of Vertigo, Headache, Dyspepsia,
another thing more serious is that ing flour in about the above propor- shredded lettuce. Place half a small Fevers Costiveness Bilious
lemon, cut-side down, in the centre of ,
one's breath is thrown back to be in- tion, using either warm or cold water, and of around it. etc.
the plate a row oysters Colic Flatulence
haled again. An instance is related according to the judgment of the cook, ,
\ POTATO. A delicious
OYSTERS IN Fer these they are not warranted *.
where a severe morning headache was as it is not best for them to get too breakfast dish can be made by season- falllbl, but are..u.arI7.o."U"
cured (permanently) by simply mov- light before morning and settle too ing mashed potatoes highly and adding;: a lble >make a remedy. Price,2)et

ing the bed from near the wall into much. Add the proper quantity of well-beaten egg for each pint of potato. SOLD EYEBrWHERE. .


. .

K" '... ,{. ._,'_ ,...... : ., -.<,: '. .::. : ., _,

\ '" ..: : THE FARMERS ALLIANCE I t ; :),.

' 4,.,;' ,

VoL VL "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 8.


The Cause and the Remedy I poses, and thus a little brains copes days of Judas Iscariot it would also I never be a political party. It is a
Editor Alliance Department: with a good deal of money. If we fall a victim to their manipulations.The great reserve force to which this great
Now we cry Eureka! The orange have not the brains, you are barkingup country is filled with these body of producers can apply for
growers are at last to become rich like the wrong tree for the money. great financiers, and so prevalent has united strength to meet evil in any
other good people! Some clever fel No plan of marketing the orange become the evil of combinations and form, but especially evils that afflict -
lows who would like softer jobs, or crop of Florida so far proposed has trusts, that our legislatures and the them as a class. On this
more ""light and genteel" employment seemed of sufficient merit to command executive department of the govern- basis it has grown to great porpor-
than tickling the earth and shoveling, the support of more than ten or ment has been busied for years formulating tions; .its object is justice, right and
fertilizer have demonstrated by figures twenty per cent. of the crop. I havea : laws and trying to execute equity. Since it has become so great,
inlalliable} that by pooling five cents plan which will be ventilated in due them to prevent these evils, but to no it has in a certain sense become popu-
per box on the entire output of or- .. time. WM. P. NEELD. purpose.We lar, and, there are many who advocateits
anges, that we can buy a fleet of fruit will show in our next article doctrines, not because they under-
ships, .and by carrying our own fruit Limited Liability.A how these evils may be greatly mitigated stand and believe in them, but for
one way, and other freights the other, body of men incorporate if not totally eradicated.Southern purposes of their own. It makes no
we can suddenly become rich and Mercury. difference what those
themselves as blacksmiths and locatein purposes may
powerful. Now, that's all true-as town in Texas each put in be, whether for personal advance-
shooting-which all depends, ye $1,000, making in all $10,000, and What Free Silver Means. ment, for the sake of defeating an
know, on the man, ye know. For by putting work down drive every The term, "free and unlimited enemy, or for the sake of starting a
you see we have tried pleading, beg- other blacksmith out of town; then coinage of silver," is misunderstood. new political party; the Alliance, as
ging and finally resorted to the law; : put the price of work up to such fig- I Many believe it to mean that every- an organization, is not responsiblefor
but there seems no way but to "fightthe ures as will handsomely and they thing in the shape of silver, bullion or their acts or their speeches Then
pay I
devil with fire." The poor mort- have a small bonanza. If they fail in otherwise, will at once be coined in men who advocate the demands solelyto
gaged, indebted, overworked orange their undertaking, they run the con- unlimited quantities and thrown on put a thorn in the side of existing
growers must go down into the south- in debt break and the street. Only those who have silver political parties, and form a neucleusfor
cern $i 0,000, are
western corners of their pockets and relieved of paying the $10,000 of to coin will take it to the mint, the organization of a third party,
pull out great wads of greenbacks or debt, and only lose the $1,000 apiece and only those who earn it will, or are acting entirely independent of the
National Bank Williams, and by hookor they put in. They have gambled on should, legally be permitted to possessit. Alliance, and while they ,may injurethe
crook scrape together bushels of $10,000 of other people's credit and "But then foreigners will send true educational work of the Al-
the shiney, jingling gold and silver labor, and $10,000 of their own, and their silver her to be coined, if it is liance, it cannot afford to oppose
and buy up a lot of great $80,000 are not held responsible, each individually free, and that will give us too much them.-National Economist.
steamships. Oh, that's the idea! is another If dollar'sworth .
money, cry. a -
for its debts but each would
Then beat the robbers Repeal the Homestead Law I
we can -wewill of silver comes from across the
have shared the had the project
become robbers ourselves., too, so been successful. water, a dollar's worth of some Amercan Farmers generally do not seem to
we will! product will be exchanged for it, realize that the Homestead law is the
"A new broom sweeps clean;" there This thing is repeated in a half dozen unless the foreigner is reckless enoughto whole cause of the agricultural de-
will be no doubt about our making different lines of business until they send his bullion for nothing. If pression ; and that the repeal of! that
lots of money-for a while at least. have driven out and ruined dozens he does, we are the gainers. If he law is the only thing that will turn
"Money makes money"_"money and hundreds of honest business men; desires to coin his silver into American back or even arrest the tide of finan-
makes the mare go," and all that sort then when they succeed they amass dollars, they must circulate here cial ruin which that unfortunate act
of thing. Yes, its a fact we have been large sums of money divide it, sell all and pay for labor and commoditieshere has brought upon farmers. Newly
spending billions of dollars to put in the valuable stock in trade, let the ; for as soon as they go abroad cleared land is worth nearly as muchas
order and keep in repair all the machinery utensils and implements of the busi- they must go through the crucible and improved land that needs fertiliz-
of ness get old and run down, create all and the has virtueof
government. We conveneour appear in another form as money of ing, government by
Congress and Legislatures at an the debt the business will bear, put another nation, and gold must do exactly the Homestead law, supplied the
enormous expense; they are to discuss the money in their pockets and let the the same. Every argument that market of the world with cleared land,
matters affecting the public weal, and concern burst. The money they gath- has been, or will be, used against silver free of cost, for 30 years, giving to
make laws by which the poor people ered out of the business and placed in can, with equal force, be directed each applicant 160 acres. Twelve
must be governed. This wise and other enterprises cannot be touchedfor against gold, for there is no such years after the Homestead law was
conservative body gave us an Inter- the legitimate debts of the old con- thing as "money of the world." We enacted it was known throughout the
State Commerce law, and under it we cern. This money they take, form new see no foreign coin in circulation here. world that the United States was giving -
maintain some five, six or seven min- corporations, combine again with other There is no American coin in circula- farms to all applicants. This
ions of the money power, at salaries corporations engaged in like schemes tion in any other country. The fact made such a rush for free homes by
greater than one hundred honest and play the game again on a larger that both gold and silver are susceptible foreigners, as well as Americans, that
workers can earn in a years Our complaints scale; and on again still more exten- of so many currency changes, in six years 50,000,000 acres of the
were heard by them, and they sively, until a rattrap peddler becomesa causes the workmen to believe that cleared land was settled. This
passed upon them. They said the great financier and a menace to civil paper is the best material of which to brought these fertile lands into culti-
transportation companies were just liberty.* When there are profits and make money. It is cheap, it cannotbe vation so much faster than the wants
half right in advancing the rates on honor they take them and are wise; monopolized, it cannot be melted of the people required, that it over-
oranges. Now it comes to pass that when there are debts and dishonor into coin of another nation, and if it stocked the produce market and
if a few more clever fellows can get they charge the debts to the unsus- goes abroad it will, like a true American brought down the price of produce
"soft snaps" the carrying businesscan pecting, trusting creditors, and the come home; not that alone, butit below the cost of production, causing
be proven to be the most lucrative dishonor to the poor, soulless corpo- will come home in payment for the farmers to go back every year in their
business under the sun. ration, and are conceded to be shrewd. product of American labor. Shoulda financial accounts.

Away with such stuff! We can't Through this process and others too war invade our domain, a paper There was still, however, one way
whip those fellows with money. If numerous to mention, which are made currency would not play the coward's by which farmers could extricate
all that is said of the profitsof possible only through the privilegesand part, as did gold and silver in 1861, themselves from their indebtedness.
the carrying business is true, thereis opportunities offered in the agencyof and flee from us. No man could turn They could sell, and buy smaller
capital enough besides ours to a private corporation, they have it into anything that he could take out farms according to their means. But
engage in the business, and by devising throttled every enterprise open to individual of the country to our injury.T. V. soon there was no sale for land. All
a plan which will control, industry and monopolizedand POWDERLY, in North American Review buyers got their land of the govern-
another year, one and a half million cornered, for purposes of specu- ment for nothing, instead of buying it
boxes of oranges-half of the crop- lation, every known commodity of f of farmers as they did before the pub-
value the human air The Alliance Not a Political Body. j lic lands and when
we can arrange through competinglines to race except were given away;
for at least as much of a reduc- and religion, and if the priesthood I The Alliance is distinctively a I I farmers could sell neither land nor
tion as the ship-purchasing plan pro- could be bought as easily as in the farmers' organization, and as such can produce for a fair price, financial ruin




-- -
- --

1 :



to the debtor class, and hard times to one to two feet below the surface, tors to dec are that those bonds were RICH FLORIDA LANDS.

those not in debt, were, of course, thus rendering the earth porous, en- payable, interest and principal, in
inevitable. This is the whole cause riching it by the secretions given off gold. Legislators generously made

of the agricultural depression farmers and rendering the soil porous at the the bonds bear a high rate of interest.

cannot sell land for a fair price as same time by its boring into the un- That made his bonds worth $130,000in

long as the government gives away land tilled earth. gold, or $90,000 more gold than he

enough to supply the market; and produce The worm is incased in a thick had at first. The $90,000 is "un-

will not bring a fair price as longas cuticle, beneath' which ,are circular earned increment."

the cleared land is rushed into cultivation muscular fibers, as also similar fibers A capitalist loaned $10,000 to a

by giving it away. Repeal the running lengthwise. Through the farmer when wheat was worth $2.50 a

Homestead law, so that the govern- action of these muscles, aided by the bushel, or when 4,000 bushels would

ment will stop giving away land, and grasping done by the mouth, and the have paid the debt. He then hired

buyers will buy their land of farmers, bristles it is provided with at each legislative tools to contract our cur-

as they did before the public lands segment or ring, it is capable of sud- rency till money was so scarce that

were given way, and the price of land denly expanding or contracting its wheat was with difficulty sold for $i

will slowly but surely go up, insteadof diameter, as well as shortening its per bushel, so it took 10,000 bushelsto

going down, as it surely will as body. The two sexes are present in pay the debt, or 6,000 bushels more ,

long as the public lands are given each worm; the female organs are than would have paid the debt when Farmers Stop and Think.
away. found in the thirteenth segment and made. The 6,coo bushels the capi--

Dividing the public cleared lands the male organs in the tenth and talist is worth more than he was, is WHY Spend the best years of your

into i6o-acre lots for the benefit of eleventh segments. It is required, "unearned increment.Pennsylvania life cultivating the soils 01 the 'frozen

settlers was an act worthy of a great however, that at the breeding season Farmer. North and West raising crops on which

and good nation, but the mistake was two worms unite together in the act the freight is often not realized, when

in giving the land away, instead of sell. of copulation. During the act the A matter of with choice a cough; whether or to invest to suffer 25 cents, uninterruptedly for- you can buy land from the undersigned,

ing it. Had each settler paid a fair two worms are bound together by a Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup and cure it. I rich and fertile as any known lands,

price for his land, instead of baving tenacious secretion. In localities''' and where you can raise a crop that the

it for nothing, there would have.been where they are numerous they bring Notice of Incorporation. United States Government will pay a
rush for free homes of earth the Notice is hereby given that the ,undersigned BOUNTY of$too on each acre.
no ; no over- quite an amount to surface persons have formed a corporation under the
stocking the produce market; no de. placing this within reach of the general incorporation law of the State of Florida. HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell
The name of this corporation shall be "Sprague,
crease in the price of land or farm atmosphere, and in this particular are Duncan & Hutchinson, Limited." Its principal the said crop right there in your home
and of value. Cor. Prairie Farmer. place of business, in Florida, shall be in Jackson market for
produce, therefore no depression.And ville, Duval county, Florida. It shall also have $250 per acre. You ask tor
all practical farmers know that a places of business in New York City and else- the "How" and the "Wherefore."

farmer would be better off to pay $10an Unearned Increment. where general in nature the United of the States business and to abroad.be transactedis The I Quite right-facts and figures count best.

acre for cleared land and have a Strictly, it means an increase of consulting electrical engineering; the promotion
construction, management purchase,sale, Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.
fair price for his produce, and have a property, which has never been etc, of electrical undertakings and securities of
fair price for his land whenever he earned. As that, in most cases, is'' all kinds,thereto.and such The other amount business of as the may capital be incidental TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers -

wants to sell, than to have his land practically impossible, it is a mis stock authorized is $50,000 in 500 shares of $too of papers, the tact that there is now

for nothing and have a very low price nomer, but as the term is commonlyused is each.to be The paid terms in shall and be conditions upon call of upon the directors.which it established near Kissimmee, Fla., the

for produce and no sale at all for his it means an accumulation of This corporation shall commence at once, and St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
terminate on the i st day of May, A. D. 1925. The
land.-Country Gentleman. wealth, which the accummulator never business of the company shall be conducted by a news.Ve are talking to all our
----.-.- earned. It is in that sense that it is board of four directors, \\ho shall be elected at friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
the annual meeting of the stockholders, which
Silent Agencies at Work Upon generally used. To illustrate: shall be held at such time as the by-laws may cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
Land. Mr. A in the provide. The highest amount of indebtedness to a bounty of two cents
buys a property su which the corporation can at any time subject pay you per poundon
By enriching a soil we' lay the foundation burbs of a thriving city. B, C and D itself is one million dollars. The undersignedshall the manufactured sugar. The St.
its first Board of Directors, who
for the operations of an amelior- buy contiguous property, and improveit. shall serve compose until their successors are elected. Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.;

ating agency second to none, yet one Such improvement makes A's LOUIS FRANK DUNCAN J. SPRAGUE, averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the .

that rarely-almost never-is taken. property more valuable than when pur- ALFRED BISHOP MASON, acre last year, and it will go 5,000

any account of. What agency is this? I chased. A's increase in value is called 12-17-51 CARYT. HUTCHINSON. -pounds this -year.METHODS .

The Lumbn'cus Tcrrestris-in plain "unearned increment." Mr. A did Notice of Incorporation. I ? This isn't the only big

language, the common earth worm. not earn the increase, but the men Notice is hereby given that the undersigned chance of your life, however." The
The earth worm enters the soil by employed by B, C and D did earn it persons: have formed law a corporation ofuie State under of Florida.the cultivation ot rice lands about Kissimmee -
general incorporation
eating as it goes down, then backing for A, in addition to their earningsfor The name of this incorporation shall be "FloridaCar is to become an assured, profitable
upward depositing its droppings their employers. Then rightfully, and Manufacturing Company." Its princi-
upon pal places busines shall be at Jacksonville and tact. There is no richer or better
the surface; hence the little moundsso the increase was earned, but to A it Green Cove Springs. The general nature of the truck and market-garden lands in the
business to be transacted is the manufacturing,
often seen in localities where worms was "unearned increment. purchase, sale and leasing of railroad cars world than the land on the rich over

,prevail. One of the remarkable facts A railroad company builds and coaches description,rolling stock the and conducting railroad equipment of a general of flow, or bottom lands about Kissimmee. -

regarding the earth worm is that at equips roads at a cost of$100,000,000.It every lumber and milling; busines,and the general busi- Write, for confirmation, to Col
the fifteenth or ring of its issues 'stock to the amount of $600- ness of manufa turing and repairing wagons,
segment, carriages, vehicles, tools, and wood and iron A. K. McClure, editor PhiladelphiaTimes
body there are three pairs of glands 000,000, upon the claim that the rail- work of every description, including the powerto who has personal knowledge.Then .

that secrete .quite a large amount of road is worth that amount, and will and hold personal, buy mortgage property, ship or otherwise building of convey all kinds real, in lands for orange groves, or
carbonate of lime. Nothing resembling pay fair dividends on that much stock. including repairs,also house building of all kinds, cultivated
including repairs. The amount of capital stock groves already or bearing,
this, in structure or function, is Then $500,000,000 of that is "un- authorized is one hundred and fifty thousand I[ can satisfy you that your best interestslie
([$150.000))dollars.divided into fifteen hundredI,5(0)shares ( )
found in other animal. earned increment.
any hundred in seeing me before one else.
of one ($too)dollars each. Eighty any
The body of the worm is made up Jay Gould has been a busy man. If thousand ($80,000))dollars in the par value of said
stock shall be payable in the following property BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness
of from one hundred to two hundred we give him credit for extraordinary to-wit: The present established business and goodwill
rings, or segments. The mouth is energy and talent he may have earned of J. G. and M. C. Blain, Trustees, at Green and beauty of Kissimmee
I Cove Springs, Fla., as manufacturers of cars,
situated upon the lower side of the $100,000. He is reputed to be worth rolling stock and other articles, including the have never been questioned. No
anterior or first which is $100,000,000. Then $99,900,000 of machinery, buildings, tools, plant, stock, con- diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia -
tracts, leases, chases in action and all other chat-
smaller than the others. The mouthis his wealth is "unearned increment." tels and assets of said trustees now invested or -in fact, read our medical
with used for That is it was earned by other engaged: in said business,the valuation of which report. Beautiful cottages, villas or
provided a lip grasping people said property is fixed by the incorporators at
the earth, which it eats; this pass- and stuffed into his pocket. eighty thousand ($Soooo) dollars. The balance of lots suitable for residences. Write
said capital stock is to be paid in in cash in response and
ing through its oesophagus, or gullet, The Standard Oil Company, by to such calls as may be made from time to for terms particulars.
stated the "freezing out" smaller concerns ruins time by the direction of the corporation. The COME SOUTH And get: untold
being discharged, as upon highest amount of indebtedness or liability to ,
surface. A worm will put itself out their business and pockets money not which the corporation can at any time subject quantities of the grandest climate in

of sight in loose earth in two to three rightfully its own. Such "unearned dollars itself is,three exclusive hundred of its and capital fifty thousand stock. The($350,000)company )- the world free with each acre of ground

minutes, while in compact soil it will increment" has made it the wealthiest shall commence its existence at the time of purchased. Come where you can till
filing with the Secretary of State, of the State of
require an entire day and night to corporation on the globe.A Flonda,and the county clerks of Duyal and Clay the soil twelve months in the year .
bondholder nad $40,000 in gold. counties, Florida, copies of these articles; and its At least write to me for full particula
hide itself, as has been proved by ex existence shall terminate in ninety- ine(99)( )years
periment. The worm secretes a With it he purchased $100,000 in thereafter, unless lawfully extended. The busi- WM. CAffffOX,
lubricator with which it smears its greenbacks, which he had previouslyhired ness of of the three company directors shall who be shall conducted be elected by at aboard Kissimmee, Fit
of the stockholders which Agent for the lands of the Dlsston Companies
of conscience the annual meeting ,
passage, making its course throughthe legislators easy to shall be held at such time as the by-laws may For the Associated Railways lands, and.th
earth easy and more"expeditious.In depreciate by legislation, that he could rovide. The undersigned shall compose its first lands of Kissimmee Land Co.
make such He this board of directors, who shall serve until their Phosphate;, sugar cane, rice, trucking
found purchase. swapped (
soils where
worms are successors. are elected. fruit, grazing, timber, general farming*
they are observed to penetrate in $100,000 for interest bearing bonds, JOHN M. C.G BLAIN BLAIN, and home lands. Send for map showing .

some instances to the depth of from and then. hired conscienceless. legisla- I-q-5t GEO. G. GLEASOX. lands.


'" "'" "



.... ",..--e




alfdell and Lawn.. purpose, but it will not produce quiteas ulated flavor; very fine for light colored The' J'!urser .

it will thrive to if
dwarfed specimens, as is natur- jelly. They perfection

-- - ally a larger plant than the Otaheite.The given the same treatment as the tea
Zanzibar Water Lily.For Growth of the Nursery Business.
Our Rural Home. Trifoliate orange will hardly come rose or the average pot plant. Or the

within the scope of these articlesas treatment outlined for the orange will Some time ago we addressed in-

As I have seen nothing in your it is perfectly hardy, having actu- suit it exactly. After the plants be- quiries to the principal nurserymen of

valuable paper in regard to cultivatingthe established this State and South Georgia askingfor
ally produced fruit for several years come they are practically ,
pretty Zanzibar Water Lily, I will buds flowers estimates of the increase of their
past in the Zoological Garden at Phil- ever-bearing, showing or

give your readers the benefit of my adelphia, where it is growing unpro- fruits in some stage every day of the sales for 1891 over 1890, and all of

experience with them. Last JanuaryI tected. But it may also be grown as year.-W. N. PIKE, Jessamine, Fla., them responded, each giving an esti--

procured some seed and planted it in of his sales but decliningto
a pot or tub plant. Mayflower. mate own ,
in of rich soil in water .
pots garden one -- -- of those of his colaborersthis
The culture of the orange is very give any
inch and about 60 Sending Flowers Long: Distances.
deep temperature. ? wished.
simple and no one need fail,to grow it was exactly what we
They soon germinated and when the successfully. In the first place perfect I began two years ago sending There has been a gratifying increasein

water was warm enough they were drainage is essential and nothing is flowers to my friends in the North, deciduous fruits, also in tropical
in the of the lake in I and I had no experience in
planted margin better for the purpose than charcoal.It as preparing fruits and ornamentals; but.in orange
one or two feet of water. They startedto them, first efforts were a failure .
is best to use a soil calculated to lasta my trees there has been a falling off, except -
grow at once and gave the first but I kept trying and have at in to California. In
long time, such as a compost of good shipments
bloom July They have bloomed last succeeded in so preparing them
fruits dozen
citrus more
loam to which be added some the a or
since until the frost may that arrive in condition
continually ever thoroughly decayed cow manure, they good nurserymen failed and went out of the
of January 3. They vary in color and often as fresh and nice as though
crushed bones or commercial fertilizer, business during 1891.
from deep rose to dark blue, and have just cut. I have sent flowers to Ken- Taber Glen St.
with some sand to keep the soil open.A Geo. L. Mary; J.
the of the violet. Ohio Illinois Missouri Michigan -
fragrance English tucky, Monticello Arthur
heavy soil which will pack is not H. Girardeau, ;
. For quantity of bloom they are far New York, and even to Maine. the Nur-
desirable as the produces an Brown, Bagdad ; Jennings
ahead of any ,water lily I have seen My method is as follows: I select my Thomasville Ga. H.
i innumerable number of tiny rootlets, ; sery Company, ;
and the'size of the flower is from two choicest closed buds and choicest
my Ga.
known as "feeders, which delight to W. Reed & Co.Vaycross, ; J.
inches inches in diameter.W. buds. The full
to eight partially open open
penetrate every portion of the soil. As R. Mclrvin, give reports
E. PALMER.Lake will not stand much
ones packing, which make the following
much sunlight -possible 'should be from we
Comp, Pla. less transportation. I cut them earlyof
.. and natural of growthand :
given, a season averages
the while the dew is .
morning on Increase over 1890.3lH
Tropical and Semi-tropical Fruits. rest allowed. During the growingseason them them in cool have LeConte pears...................... per..cent.
The is undoubtedly the best water liberally, and at no time put a room, Kieffer...................-..........50
before me a bowl of fresh water and Peaches...............:... .........37 It
known of all tropical fruits, and a well allow the roots to become very dry. Plums(Japan).......................50 ::
whether in With soil the shouldbe by my side a bale of best batting cot- KakisPecans................................-so
developed tree wrapped a a good root room
ton and a bunch of Florida moss. I ..............................: III
mantle of exquisitely fragrant comparatively restricted and a top- I
snowy off little bits of cotten and dip it in
pull I Mclrvin
Mr. J. R. 1890
flowers or covered with myriads of dressing given every spring. Where it
in the water and twist it around each
kaki trees in 1891, 7200.
golden globes of imprisoned lusciousness is obtainable sheep manure mixed witha 4300 ;
about half inch until I Duncan
stem an and A.
up, Reasoner Bros.
is one of the most beautiful pro- little loam is excellent. Little or no
have to fill the box. I use a sales of
enough in the
increase tropi-
ductions of nature. No wonder that pruning will be required; if a refractory report an
cigar box, those that hold fifty cigars. cal fruits of per cent. and in the
people of wealth in northern climates shoot is thrown out to one side it 40
These are preferable to paper or tin ornamentals of 115 per cent., and
have built large glass structures in may be shortened. A thorough and
and much easier Bore two "Thisis
which to grow and enjoy this, magnificent freqent syringing or sprinkling of the procured. Reasoner Bros. modestly say:
holes with one-fourth inch gimlet one of advertising '
tree. But the large size which it foliage will go far towards keeping the ; probably on account our
each side about the center. Line known and
on and being better ,
attains before it in condition
naturally produces plant a vigorous, healthy ,
the bottom and sides with moss. stockis
not from the fact that nursery
either flowers or fruit, renders it use- as it will nearly all plants.
Where cannot be had dry cot- usual. We
moss than
in better demand
less to the amateur with only the lim- Guava jelly has a national reputationand
ton will do, though I prefer the moss, do not think this is the case, as last
ited space of bay or ordinary windows. is found in all the principal mar-
for to better in moss stock in
However this need not preclude any kets of the world. It is prepared from they seem go year nearly all the
than in cotton and the moss is a curiosity "
the State was sold.
one from having genuine oranges and the fruit of a strictly tropical plant
in of the
orange blossoms, for the little Otaheite which grows into a very large bush or many parts country. As above remarked, the reports
the end of the stem in water and
orange, introduced within the last few tree and is very susceptible to frost. Dip from the citrus nurseries, what few we
the 'buds in the box
years, will produce both in any living But the very dwarf and extremely carefully place received, show a falling off. So far-
buds at each end. This will bring
room window free from frost. It is hardy Cattley guavas, of recent intro- as the regular nurseries are concerned,
the stems the side of each bud.
an actual fact that plants in ,two-inch duction, are admirable for pot plants, along orange planting has virtually come to
Place little bits of dry cotton between
pots have borne and ripened fruit, make just as fine jelly, and the fruit is each bud between the a standstill ; but our readers in the
and plants in five or six inch pots will even nicer to eat fresh. They have orange belt are aware that there are

bear hundreds of flowers at a time, survived a temperature as low as 20 partly open buds. Put layer on layer hundreds of small nurseries scattered
until the box is full. You'll be surprised -
followed of above The the bearing groves, kept by
by a profusion oranges zero. plants are highly among
how be in the
which will render the plant a most ornamental at all times, being ever- many put the growers to replenish their own
box. Put about the
brilliant and beautiful object as they green with beautiful shining, thick moss on top groves and to supply occasional neigh-
the bottom close the
ripen. I have one of them growing Camelia.like foliage. For fruitfulness quantity put on Take borhood demands. These are not

in which when it I top, wrap in strong paper. here taken into account.
my yard, was no they surpass anything ever saw grow- pencil and punch the holes in the
than specimen In the axil of leaf of the your W. Pierce and
larger a good geranium, ing. every side of the box. This is for ventila- M. 'E. Gillett, R.

bore thousands of flowers which almost new growth appears a bud which develops tion. Enquire the hour the mail G. H. Norton have been engaged ex-

obscured the leaves and into a yellowishwhiteflower trees to
per- pretty tensively shipping orange
closes so there will be no delay in
fumed the whole yard. These flowers with inumerable stamens do give com-
gIVing getting them off the day they are California, but they not

were followed by quantities of small it a fluffy appearance, followed by packed. I use a longer box when I parisons between the sales of 1891

golden oranges which rendered the the fruit. I have had plants less than wish to send night.blooming jessa and 1890. Mr. Gillett shipped last

plant attractive for a long time. It'is eighteen inches high carrying as manyas mines allamandas etc. year over 250,000 budded trees and

very valuable to usa as a stock on 165 fruits at one time; a plant If has a, better method, I about 225,000 seedlings to be plantedin

which to bud or graft, and dwarf the eighteen months old has borne 500 would anyone like to have it.-Florida Agri- nursery. It is pretty safe to esti-

large growing sorts, also lemons, fruits, and I know of a plant which culturist. mate that over a million orange trees

limes or grapefruit.If when it could be covered by a box four were sent to California last year.-ED.

any of these are budded or graftedon feet square and two and one-half feet Milligan Hurst, colored, of Jones. < .

to the Otaheite it will dwarf them deep, held 1,005 fruits, buds and ville, brought in a lot of sweet lemons Some quick work was done by T.

into little bushes, but they will be justas blooms. There are two sorts; the red yesterday, which he readily sold for F. Huggins on Thursday in the way

floriferous and bear just as large fruited or Strawberry guava, and the ten cents per dozen. This is the third of shipping oranges. At 10 o'clocka.

and fine fruit as the big trees do in yellow fruited. The fruit of the former crop he has picked from his trees this m. he commenced gathering the

Florida or the tropics. The effect is is rather smaller than an English season. This fruit is rare and said to in the Leavitt grove, near

particularly fine when buds or graftsare walnut, of a fine claret color, and in be difficult to raise in this locality.- oranges Sanford, and at 10 o'clock p. m. he

used from the Japanese Kumquat flavor resembling the strawberry; it Leesburg Commercial.. had gathered, hauled a mile and a half,

orange which bears plum-like fruits, makes a beautiful colored jelly. The 1 and shipped
XV TOUR BACK ACHES sized, wrapped, packed
or the Kid Glove or Willow-leaved foliage of the yellow fruited is hardly Or you are all worn out,really good fur noth- boxes of and they were
(Mandarin and Tangerine) distinguishable from the red but the ing,it is general debility. Try 511 oranges
oranges. IUfJ JrN'j IllOlf JtlTTJSKS. on board the cars and on their way to
The Trifoliate orange (Citrus trifoli- fruit is greenish yellow, about the size It will cure you,cleanse your liver, and give Jacksonville. -'

ata) can also be utilized for the same of a guinea egg, and of a slightly acid- a good appetite.


... ........_. .,w,. ., .-. _

1!!" ._ ..._ .. '..... .,--- -- --_ ,-.

I .

I fI .
.' .
I ) : :''"


than at this time last year. Mr. Ar- those just enumerated as producing, Sphagnum Moss.

Mate ]'!ews. meda, besides having the honor of the there: are seven more plants in Polk Sphagnum moss is a new and grow-

first catch of the season, will receive county and one in Hillsboro in pro- ing commercial article. It is only

Palmetto roots mean busines. The the $5 reward offered by Mr. R. T. cess of construction, which will be within a few years that it has had any

railroad contractors took to Braiden- Patten, of the Plant lines, for the first raising pebble early in the comingyear. regular value or has been much used.

town a big plow and turned out the tarpon caught this year at Naples, 'Now shippers of plants and trees use

I other morning with six mules har- Punta Rassa, St. James City or Fort The shipments of pebble from Punta Tons. it when goods are to be packed for
Gorda, from the initial cargo in 1889
nessed to it, intending to go through Myers. This tarpon has been beauti- to Sept. i, 1891, (official) amounted to.up. 42,210 shipment. It is particularly valuablefor
like fully mounted by our skillful taxidermist Sept.i to Dec. 14 (official).uu.u.u..u. 27.065 '
several of roots a because it
acres palmetto packing
Dec. 14 to 31, inclusive, (estimated)...... 5,725 purposes never.
knife through cheese. When the plow Mr. Fred Steensgaard, and is on putrifies. -

struck the first root the whole exhibition at his room where it may Exported Total from from Mafia Punta river Gorda..uu..u, Tampa city_ 75ooo Sphagnum moss grows in cranberry .

institution and they came to be seen.-Fort Myers Press. and other gulf ports not included in and other moist
stopped above, (estimated) ...u. ........uu... 10,000 swamps marshy
the conclusion that a grubbing hoe We have been assured by experi-- Received at Bartow and carried north by places. The growth made one year
S. F. R. R. up to Sept. i, 1891, (official). 32,088
slower but instrument. enced that Hart's Tardiff an dies down and this
was a surer growers Received at Bartow and carried North by upon comes a new

Those of our farmers who have been orange which does not ripen fully upon From S. F.Black R. R.,river Sept.via i to St.Dec.31,(estimated river estimated -) 9,012 growth. In this way it is constantly
alive to their interests and the well- the tree until very late in the winter, ......................... ........... 8,000 building something like a coral reef.

being of their stock, including the will, if gathered then, carefully wrap-- Total pebble output...uuuuu..u. 134,100 In one district in New York where

chickens and the children, secured ped to prevent drying out and put forty years ago there was a pond now

before the frost on Sunday night a' away in such houses, ripen up very HARD ROCK PHOSPHATEwas it is overgrown with the sphagnum.The .

plentiful supply of the stalks of the much like winter apples and keep first discovered in May, 1889, anda moss started on the edge and

cassava plant for next year's seed. In until May, June or even later.Ve number of companies were organized gradually crept over till now all the

this location this need only be thrown have tested such fruit frequently and i during that and the succeedingyear. surface is covered. By running downa

under. the house, laid away in an found it splendid, and also that there Development was not fairly pole, a layer of the dead moss threeor

orange house or it may be banked by was little loss by decay, so little as to begun until about the close of 1889 or four feet deep will be found. Be- .

the provident farmer. However, be more than compensated for by the the early part of 1890. low this is water. If the growth were

should there be no seed at hand it can advanced price, which is readily obtained Up to September i, 1891, the Flor- not removed it would grow thicker

and should be procured.-Manatee at that season. Some think it ida Central and Peninsular Railroadhad and thicker until finally there wouldbe

Advocate. is necessary establish such houses transported 63,198 tons, of which a solid mass. The moss is the sub-

There are three canneries now in in northern cities, but we can see no Fernandina had received._..h"............ 476o stance of which peat is formed, and
valid reason why the experiment could Between Sept 1 and Nov. 20, according to in course of time would turn into coal.
full blast at Apalachicola, and the an unofficial report, Fernandina had received -
not be made a success here. A build- ,.. -..-.............................. 6,451 This moss put to growing in swampy
oysters are pronounced to be equal, if Estimate for remainder of year............ 9,789
of the kind double in if
ing required, places bring good returns
in size and flavor to
not superior any lined with sawdust, well ventilated, Total at Fernandina..................... 62,000 not too far from railroads. From an
in the world. The latest cannery The F. C. & P. R. R.had delivered at other
erected there "the Green Point," if necessary refrigerated during the points up to Sept. i.............. ..17,438 acre of ground three and one-half car-
warmest days, with ample rack spaceto Estimating the same increase in loads of moss were taken. The nur-
packs from 10,000 to 15,000 cans per amounts delivered at these pointsas
permit of sorting and inspection, at Fernandina.we add Sept. i to serymen all have to buy it, and
day. So says the Times of that city. itself in Dec.31..................... 7,652 peo-
would certainly pay for a ple in turn buy it from the nursery-
These canneries, together with the 25,000
short time.. With such buildings the Exported from Port Tampa to Nov. 20..... 18,200
two lumber mills-the Cypress mill Estimated for balance of from this men.The
I being the largest of the kind in the great bulk of the fruit each year port......................year........ ..... 5,800 moss is dug in August before

South-ought to make times lively in could not only be preserved but the Total hard rock........................111,000*-- fall rains come. It is dug with a po-
marketing and transportation regu RESUME. tato-hook. The moss is wheeled out
r Apalach this winter. Besides these
lated.-Coast Gazette. Pebble Phosphate................,.......134,000 on dry ground, and turned over and
factories, contracts have been let for Hard Rock Phosphate... ...............111,000 over till quite dry.A .
the erection of a $17,000 court house
Florida Phosphate Output. Estimated total production to Dec 31,1891.245,000 prominent gardener says in respect -
and a jail to cost $5,5oo.-St. An-
are being takento Several shipments' have been made to the sphagnum : "Were it
drew's Messenger.The Though steps now
form association the from Savannah and Brunswick Ga., not for this moss, such delicate thingsas
an among
agricultural editor of the Floridian i- miners of hard rock in this State, no aggregating perhaps 8,000 tons, but vegetables, small fruit and house
made a trip among some of the has been effected these shipments are included in the plants could not be sent all over the
farms of Leon county, and has this to organization as yet
amounts transported by rail and the While
among them, and none has ever been country as they are now.
say of the tobacco patch of Charles even proposed among the pebble above footing will very closely ap-: overhauling some moss in May, we

Gramling : We have looked at over phosphate miners. Therefore the proximate Florida's total shipments up : found some fall apples that had been
twenty crops of tobacco this season, the close of this therein the
difficulty of obtaining reliable statis- to year. carelessly placed previous
and must say without flattery that tics of development will be appreciated. As indicating the rapid growth of autumn. When kept in the open air,
they have an acre and a quarter thatis But the official the business it should be stated that this variety will all decay by January
by taking reports -
superior in every respect, and why, of the of the first shipment from Charlotte Har- 1st. These specimens were sound
amount ,
because it received their undivided at- bor Punta Gorda made in and of flavor. The
both hard rock and pebble, trans- ( ) was April, good moss was
tention from seed to the packingroomthat's ported over the railroads of the State, 1890, and the total amount finding an comparatively dry. We store all

the sequel. Their cropis and exported from our seaports for a outlet at that port during that year was kinds of plants, trees, cuttings, etc.,

divided; first, wrappers; second, specified time, and estimating the only about one-sixth of the amount in this and they keep perfectly

half wrappers: third, top leaves; probable amounts for the remaining shipped in 1891. And of the total through winter. A lot of grape cut-

fourth, fillers, and lastly culls, which of the exports credited to Port Tampa, only tings were left in moss last spring,
months or days year, we may
I are better than some of the main crop approximate the total productionfrom 700 tons were shipped prior to 1891. and when taken out in the summer
that tried to cure itself in a shake- the official and had made In this
the beginning .of the industryup Finally, analyzing unofficial long roots. same
] down log cabin. He" has a meagre the close of figures for the whole period manner a few grapevines were left till
to 1891. .
offer, but knows a good thing when he covered these when
by reports, we may fairly September, yet planted out they
it. Our advice to all in THE FIRST WHEELBARROW LOAD "
sees growers estimate started new leaves and grew. It is

that vicinity would be to pattern after of phosphate moved in Florida was FLORIDA'S PHOSPHATE OUTPUT IN 1891AT advertised for sale from time to time,

these genuine farmers, not only in to- taken from Peace river in the springof 186,000 TONS. in horticultural papers, and is often to

bacco but everything they desire to 1888. In May of that year ten car- be had of florists.-Pop. Gardening.
grow. loads were shipped from the one mine This is just 11,000 tons in excess of 1 9 *

On Saturday, January 2nd, 1892, then open. Two years later, May, the estimate made by your correspondent Hereford's Acid Phosphate.

Mr. Besanti Armeda caught with rod 1890, there were but three pebble last April, and, should the pro For Night Sweats

and reel, in the river opposite town, phosphate plants in operation in De .duction of 1892 show a like percentageof of consumption, gives speedy benefit.FENCING.
increase the estimate then
a tarpon six feet five inches in length, Soto county, and none elsewhere in over
EE t. and weighing r33IZ pounds. The the State. Several companies were made for that year, the output shouldbe
however in Polk and 275,000 tons.-JAY SHRADER, inMauufacturers' 9
day before he caught this one he had organized, ,
two strikes and his wife one, but they Hillsboro counties, where many dis Record.OONSOMPTIONI. !: WIRE RuPE SElVABE.i1 .

failed to land any. On the 2nd inst., coveries were made during the years -- -- -- ----

however, after a play of about thirty 188990. At present there are twenty- .

minutes, Mr. Armeda brought this one three pebble phosphate plants in operation -i !,..
to gaff and the first tarpon of the in the State, viz: ten in Polk I hare a pomtire remedy for the above disease;by its
threein use thousands of cases of the worst kind and of longstanding
eight in DeSoto county,
hauled aboard. Already county,
season was hare been cured. Indeed eo strong is my faithin
the river at this place is full of this Hillsboro county, one in Lee its efficacy that will send Two BOTTLES nEE,.cmh
a VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to any sufferer
in the
game and beautiful fish, and they are county'and-one in Black river who will send me their Express and P.O.address.T. RABBIT & POULTRY FENCING.
reported in letter condition of flesh. northern part of the State. Besides A. Slocnm, 31. C.. 183 Pearl St., N. Y. rri1art Bala geatLLD Rom RIZZ YL3CZ I O..fld1Cb Q


.. _
':"c 'C'
.. ,




.1 .

: -. .



"CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN npo EXCHANGE-White Niagara and other
grape cuttings for fig cuttings; White Adriatic (FLORIDA PIS\ PATCH FOR SALE.
Celesta, Brunswick, Brown Turkey and 'rG"ROWQ
To insure insertion in this column, advertise- Marseilles, or other good varieties, or Hart's !
ments must be accompanied by the money. choice_Bananas.. .I. M.. DEPEW, Manatee Fla. fARMERSAIUANCt We have some of the finest Frost Proof lake
front in the wh le State.
-- J properties
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. 11 RM"nERtfRal si..4ncKrwuw.
Postage Stamps received in payment. FOR SALE-Handsome branched Kieffer pear } COMMUDATCB JANUARY.U* Phosphate lands garden and truck lands, nur-
Count every word including name and address s. three years old, some bearing. Address sery stock and general supplies for the plantationor
J. H. GIRARDEAU,Monticllo, Fla. i grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads
CASSAVA seed stalks $1.50 per barrel -
SWEET ---- -- -- --- -- I Auburudale Fla.
cars. R. II. SMITH, Lawtey, Fla. J-7-tf
to W. Tilghman Palatka, Fla., for _
1-21-41 WRITE regarding his book on nature's Terms of Subscription: 0"- '::Z r--.& iiA:; .
law that controls the sex. It is of great value to ag7l O .
ORANGE wraps at cost; best quality and full stock breeders, for with it you can have either Kor one year..............................|2 00 M tS : : c: :. C 0

ream. 8J .c.;Terms nxn,, cash per ream with,order.10 cents.10x10 C.per B. can male be or had female to be at paid will.for No when humbug you are because satisfiedas it For six months ... ... ....... .....__. 100a9' ap;'RO'1 rn g

SMITH,Jacksonville. it td :Ito
to its merits. 11-19-101 Oo
... Subscriptions in alt cases cash in ad- t:1'O: ..M ::I: ;::

FOR SALE-Pure Bronze turkeys and eggs in GRAPEVINES best earliest and vance. t: :It.
season; gobblers,$5; hens, $5 per pair; FOREIGN -varieties, selected& by 10 years' '-i1;
eggs, $2.50 dozen. Pure Brown Leghorn eggs, >$i experience in Florida. Chasselas Luttichau, Mad Rates of Advertising on application. :::2 t2 r"...
for 13. Orders for turkey eggs booked and filed eleine Blue and others. Send for circular. H. [; i ":
in order. Ten dollar orders for deliveredfree REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
eggs: VON LUTTICHAU. Earleton, Fla. 11-12-310 Dn" :

by express. D. C. CUTLER, Ocala, Fla l-21-4t T7AKI (JAPAN PERSIMMONooo) Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Let- .:rna:;!; c .

JHyakurae.. Yemon and Zingi trees, 3 to 6 ter,to order of ; f'i \ np
FOR SALE-Budded orange trees, "King of feet high. Also 3,000 of fine variety not yet ?
," $t each; Satsuma,75c ;other varieties, named by the Department of Agriculture. Local FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER p; ti s e 5a a
5oc. ALBERT FRIES, St. Nicholas, Fla. it names: Sanford's Imperial,Triumph,etc. Trees
2 to 3 feet. All for sale cheap. J. R. McIRVIN, ANDFRUIT, GROWER, p.S'itS ", ,,, Am
FOR SALE-Half pit of black, blue, green or Gainesville, Fla. n *>-tot Jacksonville, Fla. :-gs z6
ink that never fades or corodespens free, Co z:: DJ' ag4a
for I5C.; self-adjusting pen holder same price ; -,c 'nu'
Two of for Discount three dozen FOR SALE ,,
any 25C. on or 'Z
more. A J ALDRICII,Orlando, Fla. it FREE FREE FREE -:g: : }
or would exchange: for bearing grove and pay
WANTED-At once, two thoroughbred pigs. cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock h en ra nw
: -t
age and price. LOCK Box No. 4. land. Thirty acre* cleared, together with --
Leesburg, 'la. l-2i-2t plank causeway, K mile Ion with dock and
ferry j mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha
L WALLACE JENKINS; of Lake Helen, is River;4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA.
handling one of the heaviest, and by far the READ WELL.;
driest Western Tobacco stems brought into the Redding; Conn. ... W


FOR SALE-Incubator used one season, at half TRUTHabout
; also Wyandottes Plymouth RocksI.eghorns \
Hamburgs, Games, Polish, Ducks andCollie Seeds. FLORIDA
We will send J
puppies Address C. C PAINE, Federal SPRAYING1fiferayfnfr I
Point, ria. it you Free our Seed Annualfor '

1892, which tells .
To EXCHANGE span of mules and a good t
covered two-horse hack for 800 two-year buds THE WHOLETRUTH.
on French lemon, sour or bittersweet stock, delivered ;
here. One ten-year-old bay, 14 hands; AIL[ RBr
oae nine-year-old brown, I4)};hands;good puller
and gentle to ride or drive, healthy; one set one- illustrate and give
half worn harness. Prefer Jafias, Majorcas, /We in this Catalogue, ) *a
Malta Bloods Riversides Address C01I1'LETBSUCCESS
or as good. I
immediately I. M. DEPEW, Manatee, Fla. which Is handsomer than 1
'N' ever. It tellsNOTHING V you tue tAr
FOR SALE-North Carolina strawberry crates properFungicides +
for shipments by txpress. Solid top BUTTHEWrite Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall to + 1

and bottom, tin corners; already put up with 32 for it to-day. or
baskets. Address Loxr ALLEN,JR., Interlacheu, TRUTH all subscribers I Insecticidesat
Fla. 1-14-41 (P. o. Box 1071 1 _remitting $2.00 for theproper
: time. I
F OR LECONTE,1,2, 3and4-YHAR.OLD.KEIF- -- renewal or new subscription,a copy We manufacture: all kinds of Fungicides and Insecticides
PER AND GARBER'S HYBRID PEAR of the beet qualities and put them up in the
TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE, MON- of "Whitner's Gardening In Flor- I moat convenient and economical forma for both dealers
TICELLO, FLA. ii-26-tf and UMTS. Our pamphlet-the
CHOICE budded orange trees, vigorous and contain useful and interesting information about
; on stocks from i to 2 inches in di- the Fruit Garden the Orchard and Vegetable Oar.GARDEN -
To all who remit
$4.00 I will send
ameter; 25C and 3oc. f. o. b. at Oviedo. PIIILLIPS men for the active duties of life. den and how to get good
BROS., Chuluota, Fla. 1-14-41 Chartered young by the legislature of Virginia, and
this paper and the "World's Colum- SEEDS FREE!
endorsed by the Chamber Commerce, ,
gardeners to work fresh river citizens of the where located. .
WANTED-Good and prominent city It gives prices and descriptions of Fungicide and
shares. Teams furnished. For catalogue,circulars and testimonials,addressJ. bian Exposition Illustrated," for Insecticides,and the most approved Spraying Pomp
Also, choppers wanted immediately. Address I. DUNSMORE.. President,Staunton, Va. and Outfits. Special departments on Truck Famine
M. DEPEW, Manatee, Fla. J'14-t -- one year, the subscription price of and Staple Crops. The book Is free.

W. S. PO'A'ELL' &. CO.,
SALE-One second hand Washington A s FAVORITE SINGER. .
FOR Press for sale cheap at this office 4 '---., NEW HIGH ARM. which is $3.00 per annum. Chemical Fertiliser Manufacturer,

Write for articular Style as shown in cut,with fall BALTIMORE, MD., U.S.A. _
attachments,eelf-settlngnee- C. W. DACOSTA,
WEED stt Perfectly clean and cUe and threading shuttle.I ( GARDEN SEEDS
BEGGAR free from chaff; sow 6 to 8 pounds I YoacangetWEWii-achlnesoirr* PUBLISHER. WE.il_ ..
per acre,broadcast and harrow in; supply limited; of manufacturers. Pare Canvas AYYAYi
price per pound, any quantity, 25C., or by mail Commissions of 125. Sent on
35C. Send cash with order to EXCELSIOR SEED trial. Warranted 6 years. ANSY PILLS! I

FARM, Kenka, Putnam Co., Fla i-7-tf Cfl-OrEUTWE SEWIR8 IACHIIE CO.,
rafeaadM.re. 5.44. tot"WOMAN'S 8A>goUAZD.
SALE-Fine, healthy LeConte pear trees, *** W e pay freight Philadelphia I ." WU. S &peoJAe eo...PMi... 1-..

FOR spring planting; also peach, plum, pecan,
etc. D.L. PIERSON, Monticello, Fla. 1-7-4
1892 For Over Thirty Yearswe

SALE-Rose, Azure, and Blue Zanzibar
FOR lily plants and seeds. Plants 500.each we have always had very: pleasant dealings together, the
Seeds, 250. per package. W. E. PALMER, Lake public presenting and myself' to and them I again my Annual have the Vegetable pleasure and of

Como, Fla. i-7-4t Flower} Seed Catalogue. It contains the usual
immense variety of seed with such new kinds added I ,
SALE-A special lot of Tardiff orange trees, : as have proved to be real acquisitions. Raising many
fOR to five feet, K to i inch stocks; grape of these varieties myself, on my four seed farms, '; /
sour orange roots. Strictly handsome I i and testing others I am able to warrant their fresh-
and thrifty. Address A.L. DUNCAN, Milwaukee ness and purity,under such reasonable conditions are con-
tained in my Catalogue. Having been their original introducer /,1
Nurseries Dunnedin Fla.
: x73t 1 am headquarters for choice Cory Corn Miller Melon
Eclipse Beet Hubbard Squash Deep Hud All Seasons and .
SALE-500 Tardiff treesi#to 2-inch stocks, Warren CabbageEtc. Ftc. Catalorua FJLJFSE to all.
FOR fine as it is possible to grow them. 500Tardiff J. d. n. QJIiEQOLY & ION! Harblehead, Mass-
trees, ij("toi) -inch stocks very fine trees. r
---- -- ---- -
SOO Tangerines, Ito t} inch stocks; are fine +

trees.5000 Niagara vines of my own growing, finer 11 ''-

vines than I ever Write for and
saw. catalogue '' -
New Planet Jr Tools.Among 1
manual JAMES MOTT, Orlando, Fla. 12-31-41 t tYrm POWELL'S a -SOLUBLE- PHOSPHATESFOR -

LET-A furnished cottage, entire or en
TO suite. Healthful location,n station,school, GARDENS.
church, etc. Address BARLOW,Huntington, Fla. other things TWO NEW GARDEN DRILLS. One sows either Perfect Vs .tables are delicacta. A good Home Garden -
13.3I4tFOR IN DRILLS OR HILLS SOWS FERTILIZERS EITHEB is a comfort and pleasure. This yua can have if JOG
Other in
she addition w Pewelhstioluble' rbo pbate.fOT(. -,
SALE-A fine orange grove. For particu- ABOVE OR BELOW THE SEED. which are clean and inodoroa-2.. >> Ib..tn a box; price
,apply to F. REHBEHN, Interlachen, Put- M1.5O. This is sufficient fertilizer for Kof an acre
_nam Co., Fla. 12-24-61 Great improvements too in "PLANET JR." COMBINED ,SEED DRILL AND Garden for a whole season. In each: boils ked a full
Garden t
Nt of the celebrated LlangoUen
WHEEL HOE, in the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL HOES and marked all tried new Tartetiel. Write far the pamphlet B 0of'
SALE-Choice Paper Shell Pecans, for It not telayoubowtog.t
fr )
FOR Acrtealtare( :
I have SO to 100 lbs. at 500. per lb. W. changes in HORSE HOES AND CULTIVATORS. a good Gardea..with Garden!+eed. free but also
A. BOURS,Jacksonville, Fla. (Its-24stFOR The fine NEW TOOLS offered in 1891 are made still more attractive for 1893. how to raise eoon m1caJ11 sad profltsbiy staple bow cropjiof

SALE-Choice budded orange trees must (I SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOCUE and full description of all the Gram.trwo/and Ootton-Tobaeco the bestSprsrtag Fruit Macdhin.t

sold to make room; Satsuma,Pineapple goods as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. W.S.POWELL&CO.lBaltImoreMdU.SA.Chemical .

and Homosassa. Correspondence solicited. Price, I S. L. ALLEN & CO. 1101 Market! St. Philadelphia Pas
250. T. D. WILLIAMS Secretary, Waldo, Fla. > Fertilizer Manulactnrers

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THEJacksonville Tardiff Orange and Leonardy Grape Fruit.

Tampa LAST spring buds on stocks from % to 2 inches in diameter. As thrifty healthy

well-rooted trees as can probably be found in the State. The Leonardy

Grape Fruit, though a hybrid grape fruit and sweet orange, is practically a typical -

& Key West System grape fruit of superior quality. Also Mango and Avacado pear trees.

, ii- -3m CYRUS 1'''. BUTLER. St. Petersburg, Fla.




Extending Southeast, South and r $36.Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
Pianos and Direct to Your Homes.
On trial In Organs Florida Central! and Peninsular

I Southwest from Jacksonville, cover yourhomebtfort From REV.JAS M. POTTS D.D.,editor of Michigan
I ..paring for CMistian Advocate.D troitMich.: "To say that RAILROAD
over one thousand miles of tropical them.Addresi. I i we are delighted with,the Piano does not express
I the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instrumentsThe THE FLORIDA TRUNK LINE
reach all T.Sw & Son Pianos & Organ I fine in and in
country, and prominent gep are as appearance as pleasing tone as 4.
(Formerly the F. It.A N. Co.) offers increased
PA "
BEAVER FALLS this will rise
the hundred.
one, your patrons by facilities this season for travel to Florida
winter and summer pleasure resortsof From PROF. E. H. PECK, Valhennoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with havlng-ln addition to its old and popular
Increasing: or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." connections, the LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE
Florida: From B. D. GRIGGS,Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is R. R at the River Junction and the
all you claim to be." GEORGIA SOUTHERN k FLORIDA! (the
From Y. M. C.A per J. G. COOLEY, Hillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. Suwannee River route to Florida),arrangedfora
THE EAST COAST, Every: one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same." new route/from the West and North-
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot, Ark.: uMr.family is well pleased in every respect with the west via Montgomery Bainbridge and Monti-
THE GREAT LAKE REGION, organ. How you sell them so cheap is a wo r. cello carrying through sleepers from CIN-
THE PHOSPHATE FIELDS, The road has now no less than

THE PINEAPPLE FIELDS, JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., Seven Points of Connection With

DUCIUTI namely, Fernandina, CallahaniJaCksonvUle.
,, Live Oak, Lake City,
THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE -DEALERS IN- Junction, making comfortable connectionswith
Chicago, Kansas City and all northern
SECTIONS. cities, for which this road is specially In.
Coal, Hay Grain, WinEs, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc augurated.

JACKSONVILLE, FLA. The Florida Central

.. PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY. and Peninsular RailroadIs

THREE THROUGH TRAINSVIA Parker......,......._......_..............*1.75 J. Martin: Rye...._._..................$3.00 the greatest,artery of travel through the
Orange Valley........................_... 2.00 Virginia Glades....._..............._ 4.00 finest parts of Florida, traversing twenty-
Spring Valley......._.._._.._._ 2.50 Old iimirhon....._......_._...._....... 5.00 four counties-Gadsden. Jefferson, Duval,
North Caro'ina Corn...... _...... 2 50 Kentucky Sour Mash.........._ 5.00 Alachua Lake, Leon, Suwannee, Nassau,
Clifton Club......._........_.......... ........_. Old Baker............_..._.._...__ 5OG Levy, range, Hlllsborough. Wakulla,
Mon trose Velvet.._..............._..........SO.OO. Columbia, Clay, Marion, Polk, Manatee.
The Tropical Trunk Lino. Madison, Baker, Bradford, Humter Her-
Jigs extra: 1 gallon 25c. 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post office nando and DeSoto--in their richest portionIt ,
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. to dry towns. runs through the MIDDLE FLORIDA KK-
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application. mos OF HILL COUNTRY where are the fine old

These lines are equipped with the John Clark Son fc Go. Farming Lands and the New To-

latest improved modern appliances for bacco Farms

the safety and comfort of Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery reached by no other line), some of them
conducted on a large tcale. He e are Quincy,
ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. Tal ahassee (the capital), Monticello, Madison
patrons call them the and other towns, from whose comfortable
FRUITLAND NURSERIES ample dwellings, repo"lng in a fertile
FINEST. IN FLORIDA. country,Is coming a renewed energy to employ -
the resources lavished about them.
Augusta Georgia.We stretching down through
Trains leave Jacksonville<; via J., }. The Peach Countryof

& K. W., 8.50 a. m., daily except offer for Fall and winter delivery an immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental tree. Baker, Bradford,Alachua and Levy counties
ttoses, Palms,etc.. suited to Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated In Florida. through the prosperousStrawberry
Also a superb stock of Evergreens, Camellias,Greenhouse plants,etc. Farms
Sunday m. daily
; 12.15 p. ; 4.00 p. Our products have been tested In Florida for thirty-three years past. Catalogues Cree.No .
of LawteyStarke and Waldo.perhaps superior
m., daily except Sunday. Arrive 6.30 Ac-fonts. Address, in profit to the orange grove-it goes through
the heart of the btnte, penetrating some ol
a. m., 12 55 p. m., 6.10 p. m. the finest groves,one having
Aiurusta! On.
Trains leave Jacksonville, via East 70,000 Full-bearing Orange .

. Coast Lines, 8.00 a. m., daily; 4.00p. NURSERIES OF THE passing! for nearly Trees a mile, between tbem-
making, Its way southward to the Gulf,and to
m., Sunday only; I.oo p. m., daily Milwaukee-Florida Go. the more tropical portions of the 8late. In
Orange all portions of the State; It reaches points of

except Sunday. Arrive 11.50 a. m., Scenic Interest.
strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees *
Selected a Sp cia1ty. Wakulla Springs in the West, the Suwannee
5.40 p. m.INDIAN. Budding-Wood for sale at all times. River, as beautiful and romantic as it 1.
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. Foi famous!,silver Borings, h the lake region
RIVER STEAMERS.Leave and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings
Catalogue and Price-List, address, of rolling land interspersed wick
pleasant homes in green groves",,sloping dowv
Titusville 6.00 a. m'. daily A.. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. to the clear lake fronts By means of thli
road you can most readily reach the

except Sunday, for Rockledge, Eau K.T. PAIN) J. OVERTOP PAINE. Hunting and Fishing Grounds.

Gallie, Melbourne, and way landings. THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANYJACKSONVILLE The settler will find on the line of this roada
greater opportunity for a varied selection ot
land than other road in the State
Titusville Mon. FLORIDA. on any
Leave 7.00 p. m. -
from lightest Foils to those underlaid witn
for Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses ant NVharve at the terminus of Ute F. C. A P. R. R., clay and marl, and of richest bnmmock-
days, Wednesdays and Fridays, St. Johns River, East Jacksonville. whether for regular mixed farming,stock 01
dairy farra'ng, peach or strawberry culture,
Jupiter and way landings,: Connect- Manufacturers of Commercial] Fertilizers. orange groves and vegetable gardens.The .
tourist will be gratified with its
ing at Jupiter with trains of J. & L. Who.esale dealers in and importers of all kind of Ag icultural CnamlcaU scenery the health-seeRer on its ample
route can find some spot adapted to his
Send us your name and we will mall you fr)rn tim t" time much general Information wants. On the hard clay roads of Middle
W. Railway for all points on Lake regarding!; successful orange and vegetable culture' in Florid iNVABAN Florida the horseman will ride with speed
and satisfaction, and the Florida Central.
Worth. V AUGHAN'S "GARDENING ILLUSTRATED" and Peninsular Is t.heSportsman's

For schedules etc. call on Y,d.' For 189 is a bcautifulbook of one hundred pages elegantly printed, I Route.
maps, ,
o with true Photo-Engravings Colored Plates and plain, reasonable I NOTK.-.Passengers from Northern connections
descriptions of all subjects indicated by its name. It is a Mirror of Imvlng tickets over the Florida Centra
the General
local agents, or address .. American Horticulture to date rent cting the very complete supplyof and Peninsular to points In South Florid
Seeds, Plants ana Flowers of our Stores and Greenhouses. have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville
Passenger Agent. l ... IT ELLS TinVIIOJLE STORY -U over the Company's line and alloweda
r stop-over within he going limits of the
R. B. CABLEV.. L. CRAWFORD. { for the Garden, Lawn and Farm with alT additions to date. ticket,with return their route for destination
General East Coast Lines, t For 24C. ((12 2-cent stamps) we mail one bulb each Tacobian Scarlet free of extra charge. Send for map ol
Manager, Supt.
,,,1 Lily and new Tuberous Begonia. Our BOOK with each of these offers. Florida, mailed free
J.,T.&K.,W.System. St.Augustine,Fla. For 40C.we mail one plant Grand Chrysanthemum Waban.(see cut) A. O. MicDONELL,G.P. AJacksonville.,
G. D. ACKERLY, the sensation of this season's flower shows,mammoth pink flowers ten Fla.

General Jacksonville Passenger, Fla.Agent. VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE, Waste nSt.: CHICAGO. N. 8. PENNINGTON.MAXWELL.qenv-Manager.IManagexfr


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COr ree L 0 Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

hondence -C" '#7CJ Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,

SOlICIted.. -8 Bed-Lounges, Willow,' Reed and Rattat

Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
4" .
WE SELL B| ANa/ ""*"" Styles.
S 2 W




Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging ,Lamps, China and .
Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.

Hotels Boardinor Houses Shius Steamers Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.

to-When writing,please mention this paper.



DIAMOND "D" HARDWOOD ASHES in themselves are one of the most valuable their continued use a strong productive soil is being made which will require years
; and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric to exhaust. '
acid is required, no agent is so valuable for the decomposition of Bone, or Florida This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood ;Ashes
Phosphates, as these ashes. to be the best in the Florida market. They are now better than ever, and, without:
The combination produces a fertilizer rich in all the elements required by light doubt, are the cheapest fertilizer Florida growers can use. For other particulars
soil, and in a condition that prevents leaching by rains, the result being that in address

n-S-jm C. E. DePUY, Stockbridge, Mich.


S'fBA Latest Improved n4 Chrupe t Uuri'erfeetluusud THOSE
Empire Pamptitir the liquid automatically and will spray 1OO Tree Per Hour.j
make the Little Gem and Garfield Kapsmek Sprayers and the Vermorcl.floe
,most economical spray noul in the world.Also Horn Power Sprayer at low price.
hate of Copper Pads Green and London Purple at wholesale price. Catalogue free.writ* Orange Growers and Vegetable Growers
address plalul.1, countj.FlELD FO.aCEVlIP CO.12 6 Bristol Ave.LOCKPOUTN.Y,

..... ... ... .
elnl.IMI.1.....It1.,.1..1 wla 1..1 111 1- - -1 1 .f. "n Who wish to obtain the highest market prices on their Oranges and Vegetables to

Offer No.5.-DWARF TREE. THE NEW r use the fertilizers manufactured by the

I The finest Tomato for general use ever introduced. }
Fruit solid and a beautiful scarlet color. The plant j OLD ESTABLISHED AND RELIABLE FIRM,.
if of dwarf habit an enormous bearer,and requires
no rapport. It is extra early,fine flavor and the EXTRA ,
i best variety tor farmers and market gardeners. We
i can offer it by the packet only. Fkt.25o.6pkts.fLOO.HENDERSON'S ) Thegrand. EARLY I '" % THE L. B. DARLING FERTILIZER CO.,

400, tomato ,..., ,
trod aoed last rears verrprodactlve. I Ion '; .
i fruit,delicious flavor. Tr71t.1>immense ME of Pawtucket, R. I., S .
i MANSFIELD TREE. Pnnitc. i Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizersare
The greatest noveltj ever offered.ITeiRht 10orl2 ft. ff) iI Growth and remain in the
rl so made that they keep up a Vigorous, Healthy ,
Manx tomatoes weigh over:3 IDS-.1>kt.25c.,5 pkta.L 1 \
soil until the Tree Plant take it
Naw and dla.i or can up.
STONE TOMATO 1m MJ m r fj "' Florida.
( [ Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville,
i round smooth and almost eeedles; flavor rich '-
a and sweet. A great yielder. 1>kt.Z5c.,6 plrt&$I. J .. % "- e O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
FOR 0 R Me **will endtom t of any I
u bldi of the above and a =s Jl No. S Bostwiclc: Block.
,' -
or Vegetable &1=R Ewe y- I Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free

FOR $1 fin will send one packet of each __ S I upon application. '
i coupon which iUU of will the entitle above new you tomatoes to our intro and a 1 Our fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever they have beer
ductory box: of either 35 pkts.of Vegetable or E. t I used. 10-29-6m
Flower FREE We make the above offers '
Seeds simpi to introduce l I N
I uIu 650 and thousands of 1 > V. P TO ALL BUYERSOF.
riHHU at > valuable premiums > +6
i distributed among customers this season. ; a. OF.
the most complete \\\ '
e d'' r I '
tell you all about these premiums,and FANCY POULTRY,
is sent FBEH to all ordering one or
more packets,of above tomatoes. WQ STAKE EQU RED
Name this paper and No.of offer : __ t F ; Mlf

.. all fowls sent
/ .
1.11.Iw 1.1 111w1 Iwlw '.1.1..1 1 1 1 I Iw lwwl lwlll.lal.1 1 le 1 1 1 1yIIIIIIIIIII1IIIIiIIIIIIiJI / HEREAFTER by
-' -4 will at one-half the
-- --- -- go
v+ rates-a great saving to my cus
IIIIIIllguhIIIIIItIIIIllllllIIIIIIllgulllllllnmIIIIIIIIIIIow tomers. This is by special ar-

S t? many tOOlS in One ? A hard question to = ,., .. fowls rangement from,my and yards.is confined to

= answer when one examines the machines of the S ;4'a- We are the largest breeders of

i famous "Planet Jr." series. The Combined Drill, :E: : ,_- 1 5 ..,.. 'Come thoroughbred and see poultry our stock in Florida.or send

Wheel Hoc, Cultivator) Rake and Plow covers S 4' a 7*1 for our illustrated catalogue and
i. price list of 14 varieties.
= & a range of work inconceivable to one not familiar s F +;5 t Poultry supplies of all kinds.
:: with this wonderful machine. No other combines in S z 4'-. ., .! Incubators and Brooders Shell
Clover Cutters
and Bone Mills
= l one so many and such excellent tools for rapid and S ;- ., ; ''lIfE&' Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish anaBoiled
:: : economical work. S Blood and Bone to make
hens lay.
5 Shrewd farmers get the"Planet Jr."Catalogue to study it. Be sure yon hare the SS
latest ((1892)) edition for some novelties have been added which surpass all previous SS rEGGS TO HATCH.
machines. Sent free on application to the manufacturers. S: E. W. AMSDEN

= S. L. ALLEN & CO., 1107 Market St., Philadelphia. = Ortnond Fa!
niiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii IIIIII1Irt ;'

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Clyde Steamship .

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours. .
t New York Charleston and Florida Lines


. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. 'Po.siil le; I ckte3 S

C., both ways : Between. Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion{ 43.50
(STANDARD TIME ) Steerage'ji2.,50.
From New York, From Jacksonville. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 j Excursion, $47.30; Steerage,$14.25 .
.(Pler29, E. B.) STEAMER. Florida. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:

r Monday, Dec. 28th at 3 P. M. .....IROQUOIS"...Sunday, Jan. 3d, at 6:30A.M. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
Wednesday, Dec. 30th, at3 P. H. ..."YEMASSEE"..Tuesday. .Jfln. 5th, at 8OOA. M. .
Friday, Jan. Ist.at12No.N..ALUONQI.lN"Thursday, Jan. 7th, at lOOOA.M. [Central or cpo Meridian Time.]
Monday, Jan. 41Q, at3 P. M. ...'CHEROKEE,"..Sunday, Jan. 10th, at 1:00P.M. Kansas City..........................................................Friday,January 1st,6.00 a.m
A Wednesay..Jan. 6th, at 3 P. M."SEMINOLE".Tuesday' 12th, at 1:30 P. H. Chattahoochee.....................................................Saturday, January 2d,6.30
Friday, Jan. 8th: at 3 P. .IROQUOI8".Thursday., Jan. 14th, at 4:3oA.X.) Nacoochee.......................... ...............................Monday\ January 4th 8.00 p.m
Monday Jan. 11th, at 3 P."YEMASSEE" .Sunday, Jan. 17th, at 6:30 A. M. City of Birmingham........................ ....................Wednesday January 6th, p.m
Wednesday,Jan. 13th, at 3 P. M."ALGONQUIN" Tuesday, Jan. 19th, at 8:00A.M. City of Augusta...... ........... .........'.........................Friday,January 8th, io.3oa.m
Friday, Jan. 15th, at,3P.x..CHEROKEE".Thu.8day, Jan. 21 tat 10:00A.M. Tallahassee............... ...................... .............Saturday,January 9th,ia.30p.rn
Monday,, Jan. 18th, at 3 P. JD.. .."SEMINOLE". .Sunday Jan. 24th, at l1:30A. M. Kansas City....................*...........;......................Monday,January nth,3.30 i.3op.m
Wednesday,Jan. 20th at 3 P. M. .IROQUOl8".Tuesday[ Jan. 26th, at 1:30P.M. Chattahoochee ................................................Wednesday, January 13th, p.m
Friday Jan. 22d, at 3 P. x. .."YEMASSRE" .Thursday, Jan. 28th, at 2:00 P. M. Nacoochee...........................................................Friday January'isth,5.30 630 a.m
Monday, Jan. 25th, at 3 P. "ALGONQUIN" Sunday. Jan. 31st, at 6:30A. M. City of Birmingham............................:................Saturday, January 16th,
WednesdayJan. 27th, at 3 P.I. .."CHEROKEE".Tuesday Feb. 2d, at 7:00A.M. City of Augusta..................................................Mondyay,Jaunary 18th,8.00 7.00 p.m
Friday, Jan. 29th, at3 P. "SEMINOLE".Tnursday, Feb. 4th, at 9:00A.M. Tallahasse..............................i.....................Wednesday, January 2oth, io.ooa.rn p.m
Kansas City.........................................................Friday,January 22d, 11.00a.m
Chattahoochee.....................................................Saturday,January 23d,12.00!II,
Nacoochee...................... .........................,........Monday January 25th
I St. Johns River Line. City of Birmingham..................... ... ....... .........Wednesday, January 27th 2.oop.m
City of Augusta... ..............................................Friday, January 29th 3.3opm.a.m -
Tallahassee.......................................................Saturday January. 30th 6.00p.m 5.00

For Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St. FOR BOSTON.

City of Savannah.....................o........................ Wednesday,January 6th, xo.oo a.m
Johns River. City Macon....................... ....... .......................Saturday, January,
\ : Gate City.......................................................Wednesday,January i3th 1.30 p.m
The elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers City of Savannah................................... .............Monday, January 18th,5.30 8.30 p.m am t
City ofMaeon....................................................Thursday,January aist, to.ooa.m
, }'i' "CITY' Gate City.......................... ...............................Monday, January 25th,
.: OF JACKSONVILLE; City of Savannah... ....:.. .. ....................................Friday,January Tgth 5.00 1.30 p.m p.m


, ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

FR ED'K DEBAJRY, Dessoiig........................!..........................:I............Sunday January 3d a.m.
Dessoug.........................................................Wednesday January 13th, 7.30 ,
Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr., Dessoug..................................:;.......,.... ...........Saturday,January 23d,11.3oa.m 5.00p.m
Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville dally except Saturday,at 3.30 p. m., and from San-
I ford, daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m. THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
Down. Read Up. Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
. Leave 3.30 P. x............. ...............Jacksonville....... ................Arrive 11.45 p. M. Traveling Public and Shippers. advantages equaled by no other line.
8.00P.M. .. .Leave 700P.M. Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
.4 1.30 A.M.Astor2.45A.M ..... .................. 2.00P.x. Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
I .. Francis... ..... ................ 12.4SP.MSt' B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent W. II. LUCAS, Fla. Pas .Agent
5.(0 A.) .... Beres ord. ...... .......... .... .. .... 11 45 A.M. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville.
6.00A.M.., ....... .. .. .. ..Blue Sprngs ... ..... ......... .... 11.00A.I.I R.L. WALKER Agent, C. G.ANDERSON, Agent,
Lrrive 8 00 A. M. ..... Sanford........... ........ .......... 9.00A.M. New Pier No. 35 North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah Ga.
9.15 A.M.Enterprise. .. ......... ............. 9.30A.M.General RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
L.JAMES. Agent 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.
: J. D. HASIIAGEN Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
I Passenger and Ticket Office 88 West Bay Street.F. G. M. SORREL, Manager. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Agt.,Jacksonville,Pla.
For Tickets apply to S., F. & W.Railway office.ESTABLISHED.
in. IRONMONGER Jr., Fla. Pass. Agent,88 Wist Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla
W. F. OGD FN FAY Traveling Passenger Agent,5 Bowling Green, N. Y. 18715.
; J. O. PELOT, Fit. Agt., on wharf, foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN I* HOWARD, Fla. Frt. Agent, footLauraSt.,Jacksonville, Fla.

J. A. LESL.IE. Supt.,,toot Laura St.,Jacksonvllle,Fla. -w'isLYA.M: : : : : .A.-: :E3CJ'RIBi.:: ",
ITIAIlSIIALiLi H. CLYDE Asst. Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGElt, Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green, N.Y. 1-

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen1 Agents, Seeds
Grain Garden and Fertilizers
d ...111 Wharr o, Philadelphia. 5 Bawling Green* ]f. T.B ,

Thorough, Practical Instruction. 20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA

0 0 K its K E E P WBW G |Graduates 4 Catalogue assisted free.to Write positions.to I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST-RELIABLE SEEDS. COMPLETE STOCK >


Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, BranWheat, Grits, Meal,

DEAFNESS I COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. ,


Scientifically treated by an aurlst of world- J. E. Tygert & Co.* A
wide reputation Deafness eradicated and NITRATE SODA
of from ID to 3J ,
cured years'standing,
other treatments have failed. How L Star Brand Fertilizers
the difficulty Is reached and th* cause removed 9 ]MURIATE OF POTASH
fully explained In circulars, with affidavits GUARA. TEED ANALYSIS. tComprWng'
and testimonials cures from promi- BADE ...
nent people, mailed free. SULPHATE POTASH,
Tree and Vegetable
Dr. A.FONTAINE East 14th St., N. Y. Orange
These Fertilizer have no superior In the market and a trial will convin*,,.

A MAN PIano::for S450

paid only '

De Ii!x S375.Fcrtbeverysamr. _

i'iono.' 'UALLIAACE 1i."DelcriDdn CatafacM Free. T. S. UUBB1BD CO.,FEED05I1, X..r.ASTHMA .

Neither one wa worth CULTIVATOR.For .
a nickel over$200.); DUo TAFT'S ASTILMALET
field, garden and grove. "The best cultivator -ftincn!ieirer tails:send us you
Insure Yourself I ever saw," is the verdict of all who use it. address" ,we will mail trial UUllCllBOTTLBHEDR.TArTB80S.M.C0.1BOCH FR E E mE SICKLP-
against paying etbor.ata Works either level or on a bed;perfectly adjust STEBH.T.
>,t prt't*by buying able;cleanest cutting;lightest draught.

t LUDD N -&_ BATES, Savanna direct from!), Ga. Every cultivator fully GODBEY warranted.&Waldo HARRIS Price, $10.Pla. $1500 Cash matic with Single order.-Mote's Orange Sizer Hiatt will Auto-size _LOOKING [CHIEDREN.

I Who hare bat>tt.FVfa>and that the fowwf hOaNI.I 250 boxes per day. mdreds now in use. Send subject to
I You cnn't: pay them more than Instrument for testimonial sheet; order early. This is SPASMS are most likely troubled with
I are actually! worth. They are not built that way. you need stationery of any kind-paper knowledged by all to be the best and w 0 R M S. The best remedy for this! the celebratedB.A.FAHNESOCK'SVERMIFUCE..
I Write for latest SPECIAL OFFERS. DO pens and ink? If so, send to DaCosta Pnat- sixer in existence E; II* MOTE'S SIZKR ae--I Been 80! years in see and ever fai is. Obw rrpartico-
log and Publishing House,Jacksonville. Fla. Teesburg Fla. Io- tarty f&**ft>*initiala areB.A.thus avnidin.r imlta.tJoalJANUARY
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Blood and Bone, Chicago Bone Meal,

'_ .." Pure Fine Ground Bone, ", .. Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal

. ro Animal: Bone and Potash, s : Tobacco Stems: .

:; Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Joshes,

Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulphate> of IPotash, &c.

F-r-u.jt a.n.c1.Vi.n.e.: : :Bear1n.grrees.. .

Or ,i.ge Tree F"Iood, ? o-l.n.g: -rreesVege"ta .

1e an.: l :Jo"tato C-ro-"ver.

.GKEO.: E.. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.


As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export good quality and '
land oranges in good condition in the foreign markets. .
:Messrs. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest;best and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of the Liverpool market, that the demand is now so large that 5,000
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival. '
Jr. As one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge of the carrying ability of steamers enablesme
to select the best to ship by.
Representing the best firms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send through me.T .
.: In order to export oranges, shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward, I will have the same placed on the
best and fastest steamer,and send a Bill of Lading as evidence of shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New. York
firm the owner may designate, or'sell it myself at auction. 0
gjt 0'The best steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool, so that a cable report of sales is received in New York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about the
amount of the proceeds is then sent on account to the shipper,.by me. In"twenty days from date of shipment from Florida it is thus possible to have the proceeds in
the hands of the shippers. .
Please note the following facts :
Large sizes of oranges, 112's-126's, bring as much as 150's and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green,and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay.
Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New York later than December
18t. There is no demand after the holidays until :March 1st.
.* "Advances of 75c. per box on your fruit will be made to such shippers as need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached.
Further particulars and stencils will be furnished by
E. !L. GOODSELL, No. 103 Park Place,

o No. 15: Philpot Lane, London, Eng.; "

,. a
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. 17egetabe Grower.

rt __

"Uniform good results In every retpect
the very best hizh-gnuie Fertilizer I ever
1 VII used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oaks
i Groves, Manatee, FJa.

fl aCStc VEGETABLES GROW in 60 to 90 days,

do best on a manure thatis

available and about ready to nourish.

t' FERTIIilZERS: Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,

made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

i is composed of chemicals especially adapted to
ABSOLUTELY TilE BEST. Quality Nfirr Varies. _>9)years'actual test In the Field proves them tote
unequalled for raising large crops. The purity of the component materials and the scientific ac- vegetables, which feed this class of crops in a
curacywith which they are combined make Bradley'g) Fertilizer the most perfect well as the most
to which with-
manner produce a healthy growth
economical plant-food the orange or vegetable grower can use. Send for beautifully illustrated
; pamphlet. stands disease. and matures early. For sound,

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO., 27 Kilby St., Boston j AUGUSTASGA: : delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, use

I the BOWKER Fertilizers.

l. FARMERSSaWaD4GrlatlIU.4B' Ga.VMUpl P.1.. Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.

KIABE .. .
ICV .I Nar at '.&1..Oil
Ing.Wind&Steam Macle',.EncgclopedidSSc. COMPANY. J JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.PATENTS .
, .. 'The American Well I Works,Aurora,III.
STREET.DALLAS TEXAS. } Branchyouaes'

Tone,Touch,Workmansh'p 5 Durability Highest LEXLNCTOX award at World,KY.Exposition.

; Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. o |Book H nUnf-keeptng.BuziaestShort and Telegraphy taaehu,k.nd 10UO.Typ SiudenU. -- TOO JlAS P.SIMPSON, I your old family Bibles; make them as
New York, 148 Fifth Ave. IS teachers. 19000.radomtec la BOUOCM. Begin Wow.441ZU$1v1LIICli D.C. No att y's fee washlngton'j I REPAIR as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub
Washington, 817 Market Space. K. SETH, Fret t,LexlngtoB,Kj. tained Write for lishing House,Jacksonville,Fla.1" .


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