Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00215
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 14, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00215
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
.....- '. = -
..- r- T" f "'- -



," .
-- .
: < :




C and I The Monthly Bulletin for Nov., o r i the best chance to get all the potash of potash, through leaching, as to account -
I.Tolle Orchard THE DISPATCH of Dec. 17th. possible, let it be an old grove whose in part for the failures resultant

.1 Now, the surprising part of the, roots fill the ground. Such a grove from the use of fertilizers destitute of
Index For 1891. analysis is this: Every element that would get, say, 1500 pounds of high this element?
We have in press an index for the I have known to be applied to thi grade fertilizer, containing 12 per cent. While it would be highly desirableto

volume of 1891, for our own use, and mound shows in the analysis in about or 180 pounds of potash per acre, and know the contrary, I can not help
the would yield 15000 pounds of fruit, thinking that a preponderance of the
will mail a copy. free to every paid.up same proportions expected, ex-
his opting olash. Of this I had applied which, according to the average an- direct evidence is to the effect that
subscriber who
_. has preserved two, or perhaps three times as much alysis of the orange would contain when applied to sand alone, potash
papers and will notify the editor a t about pounds of potash. does leach to less extent
as of phosphoric acid, and yet the( 35 a greater or
Lawtey. It might pay our readers to analysis shows only one-twentieth as What the year's growth of root, and that the most economical solutionof

keep the paper on file this year. The much potash as phosphoric acid. In stem and branch would be, is not the question is, frequent light surface

DaCosta job office will bind them at a other words, the potash was escaping easy to ascertain, but allow it to be applications, with at least, duringthe
reasonable rate and with index forty times as fast as the phosphoricacid. one-third of the weight of the fruit, rainy season, some growth upon
As the trees had made prac- which is a very liberal allowance, and the land, a part of whose duty shouldbe
they would form a valuable book of tically no growth, and there was but we have 5000 pounds of wood and to draw up the descending potash

reference.-ED. little grass upon the ground, the pot- leaf growth. From a 44-pound orange and store it in leaf and branch to be

ash was not taken up vegetation.. tree, root, body, branches and leaves, gradually given back to earth againin .
THE WASTE OF POTASH. The sample sent for analysis being I got 12 ounces of ashes, or about 17 the only way in which the roots of

A Valuable Contribution to Florida fairly representative, to the depth o f parts in a thousand, 14 per cent. o the tree can take it, and that is slowly
which would be potash which givesus and steadily.Do .
Horticulture.Editor one foot, of that portion of the ,
mound to which the fertilizer had a little less than 12 pounds more not many of our sand hill"
Farmer and Fruit-Grower been applied, and there being no and makes a total of 37 pounds of groves, especially those kept clean
In a recent number of your paper taken the of throughout the suffer from the
reason to doubt the correctness of the potash up by acre trees year,
Rev. Lyman Phelps says: "Put me analysis, I can not help asking Mr during the year. feast or-fast practice of a square meal
down an unbeliever in plant food
Phelps what has become of that But 180 pounds were applied dur- once a year, with a hungry gap between
leaching in Florida sand, and asks ? The best success that I have
potash ? ing that time, and the question arises,
"Who demonstrate to that
can us met with in care of stock wasa
where is that nursery
mineral salts, when in the form of The above disappearance of potashis remaining 143 poundsof case in which the trees received six
? What of
plant food, have such a tendency?" based, upon comparison with phos- potash grower experience light applications of fertilizer duringthe
acid which would be .misleading would depend upon it to supply
With that regard for Mr. Phelps'opinion phoric -
spring and summer, and that success
him the
did the mound contain even 37 pounds necessary to
which the high character of any
was a as well as tem-
the fruit and
his fruit gives me, I will state that I phosphates other than that applied in produce? next year's porary one, for the growth was as
the commercial fertilizers growth
think we can come a great deal nearer ordinary remarkable for its fine quality as for
which it does In connection with the last
demonstrating that potash does leachin not. para- its quantity. "
Florida sand than has j comparisons and considering graph, I mention the experience of a
any one yet I Dropping i In conclusion allow me to say that
come to proving the contrary; and the absolute amount of friend, who, having two adjacent considering the immense amount of
that too when in the form of plant potash known to have been applied, groves, both of which were droppingtheir money yearly spent in Florida for

f" food. With sand underlaid with and, according to the analysis, now fruit, used potash liberally upon fertilizers, our ever varying soils, our
; clay, I have had no experience, but in the soil,we find that the amount of grove A (while fruit was growing), lack of knowledge of their constituentsand
here, where none of the wells reach potash now in the entire upper part and withheld it from grove B, with the great advantage that such

clay, if it exists at all, I very much of the soil, to which it was applied, the result that A held while B droppedits knowledge would be to us, what bet-
doubt if our orange trees, even when is less than one-half of the amount fruit as usual. The following year ter paying investment could our State
\. fed a complete food, ever get over that had been applied during the he reversed the proceeding, applyingthe make than to have an assistant State
one-half much less of the six months to nothingof potash to B and withholding it
or perhaps say Chemist, whose duties should-!>e the
E potash applied to the ground, and I former applications. from A, and the fruit upon B held analysis of soils?

; will give you such reasons as I can Again, where sample No. 1 was while that upon A dropped; from While we should not ignorantly demand -
now think of for that belief. taken from I had applied more potash which he concluded, first, that potash of chemistry the solution of all

Last spring I applied five pounds than where No. 2 was taken from, applied during the summer kept the questions of soils and plant food, or
of fertilizer containing of in the No. shows Fruit from dropping, and, second, that
40 per cent yet analysis 2 more even the entire solution of any one of
potash to each of a number of "die- potash than No. i; but the latter was the: effect of the application did not them; still it so often checks us in

back" orange trees. In June I gave from level ground, and the former I last over the year. error, or points out an otherwise
them another similar application, thus from the mound, where the rains Then, too, upon the theory of pot- unseen truth and in general so effect
giving to each tree four pounds of would wash the soil more effectually. ash leaching, many facts are explainable. ually supplements the grower's experience

,., actual potash. These trees being As the potash was applied to the For instance, upon sand under- at a cost so insignificantwhen
upon a mound five feet above the re surface without even working in, has laid with clay, cotton seed meal, blood compared with that of toil and
mainder of the grove and hence favor- not been taken up by vegetation andis and bone and other fertilizers desti- time, that we can ill afford to rob our-
ably situated for loss by leaching. not now in the surface part of the tute of potash are sometimes used selves of the benefit of its light.
After the rainy season was over, I soil, I can not help thinking that it with apparently good results, while CYRUS W. BUTLER.St. .
took from the mound (being careful has leached below it. However, I here upon sand underlaid with sand Petemburgl'la.
to take from places where the fertilizer have sent Mr. Robinson some and still more sand below, I have ..- .
.had been applied) from each of the samples taken from one to two, and never seen any but evil results follow Col. V. J. Shipman, of the United
twelve places three handfuls of also from two to three feet,below the their use upon the citrus family. 'States land office at Gainesville, claims
_-. sand, taking one handful from the surface, and possibly his coming Is this not possible because the to have the finest blooded dogs in
: surface, one from a depth of six analysis may give us a point. underlying clay has caught and held Florida. They are Bismarck setters
... inches and one from a 'depth of one Again, let us take the case of an the potash that past forest growths and are beauties. The grandfatherof
foot. The resultant thirty-six lots average, well-cared-for, bearing grove have brought up and thus supplements these dogs was smothered to death
i were thoroughly mixed and a sampler and consider the amount of potash the cotton seed meal, blood and bone, In transit by the American Express
thereof sent to Mr. Robinson, our put on by the grower and taken out etc., while the sand not underlaid Company at Philadelphia, for which
k State chemist, who kindly made af of the ground by the fruit and growthof with clay, after being denuded of 1 the company, were compelled to pay
!It, thorough analysis of it, for which, see'if. tree; and in order to give the tree forest trees soon becomes' so destitute >75.

if. coI -
.' \
If. .'
I :t '"
i rliI ......:;. r'
I 7., 'ff
!. .j.
r .


1iF----- .- --" .,..y,..... J '-_"'*"'- co' .e4a ..f r rn


How to Use Our Phosphates at in the nature of a compost, and pos- The Pecan and the Caterpillar., have sojourned in Tuscany refuseoil
Home. sibly the farmer may be able to mixit Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. in any country save that of its birth,
Editor, Farmer and Fruit Grower: for himself more cheaply than he Yours of Dec. 31st received. Replying and as it fell to my lot to be in that
The potash in feldspar, porphyry, could purchase its equivalent in com- thereto will state that up to lovely province during the olive har-
mica, clink-stone, granite, etc., and mercial fertilizers. We should liketo January 1st, '92, sales of pecan nuts vest, I made a point of finding out
the phosphoric acid in bones, apatite, have-a number of our readers try for planting, as well as for table use about the chief industry of the swarthysons
rock, pebble and soft phosphate can the experiment and learn for them- have exceeded any year in my memory, and daughters of Italy who make
be rendered available for agricultural selves. Our well-known correspondent and the orders more .uniformly large, the fertile hills resound with their
purposes by simply pulverizing the Mr. E. S. Hubbard, tried homemade i especially for seed nuts, proving a songs and laughter while they pluck
mineral and composting in the follow- mixtures for a few years and very decided increase of pecan plant. and sort the fruit from the shapelytrees.
ing manner: First, prepare a ferment satisfied himself that it did not pay ing. This is likewise true as to one- .
by adding vegetable matter to water him, with his imperfect appliances, year-old pecan trees, a majority Men and boys were perched on
in which five pounds of quicklimefor to attempt to compete with the man preferring this age to that of older ladders amid the dark green leaves
every 100 gallons has been dissolved ufacturers.The trees, owing, doubtless, to the bet- and picturesque figures they made with
also add one peck of the question of a sufficient manure ter understanding of the tap root their bright colored shirts and brilliant
droppings from the henhouse and any supply is one of overshadowing impor- theory which have been discussed in eyes. Each of these gatherers has
waste animal matter that may be at tance in Florida, and every scrap of the DISPATCH so often in the past strapped round his waist an odd wicker -
hand, and the fermentation will commence it from every source should be saved ten years, and.now. almost universally basket shaped like a crescent. Thisis
in a few days and will be fit to and utilized for some branch or otherof adopted in Florida. called the "bugnolo," and receivesall
add to the next mixture, which is the soil culture. The above formula The heavy crop of caterpillar nests the perfect fruit its bearer pulcks.
principal agent in fitting compost for would probably be more valuable for of '91 rather discouraged many, and It is about a foot deep, and admirably
i,_ the soil. the farmer than for the horticulturist.ED. to some extent prevented enlargementof adapted for its special use, being light,
Take two bushels of quicklime, groves now from four to six years and not likely to impede the worker's
'two bushels of pulverized feldspar or If old, but after a little more experiencethe movements. The fruit deposited in
any other mineral containing potashor All Kinds of Oranges. pecan planters will not be thus so this is neither bruised nor crushed,
( instead of the pulverized rock two The California Fruit Grower says: easily discouraged. It is very true one of the chief requirements for oil
bushels of hardwood ashes, or twenty "It is amusing to hear the Florida that the caterpillar breeds a worm of the "first quality
pounds of sulphate of potash, or people, who have always plumed. which is the only enemy I know to The work of the women and chil-
twelve pounds of carbonate of themselves upon the sweetness of the pecan tree, and that the trees dren consists of carefully picking up
potash and five pounds of their oranges, now brag about their should be freed from them, but, even the olives dropped by the men from
nitrate of potash), a hun- adaptability to the European trade on if left to do the worst the wood pecker their lofty perches. This fruit, whichis
dred pounds of pulverized phosphateof account of their sourness. It is will surely kill nine-tenths before usually bruised in its tumble, is put
lime in the form of apatite, rock or strange how the color of money will harm is done to the tree. I have aside for the "second quality."
soft phosphate or pebble phosphate, affect flavor. been watching this question many La primo oliva e oro, la seconda ar-
and one barrel of night soil or drop- That is exactly where we have you years and never saw any serious in- gtnto, la tcrza non val ntentt. The first
pings from the henhouse or two bar- on the hip, brother Fruit Grower. jury from loss of leaves, and time and olive is gold, the second silver, the
rels of horse manure, and add all When one sets out to grow oranges time again left young pecan trees third worth nothing, says the old
these to fifteen barrels of the ferment- what is the use of bothering with a completely covered with the cater- proverb. Olives are a most delicate
ing fluid first prepared. Stir all well country like California, where you pillar web, the leaves would all go, crop, and require constant attention.The .
together and make layers of muck or can grow only one kind, the sour or- the web dry up and fall to the ground, Tuscan looks down with proper
weeds or pine straw or leaves of deciduous ange? Florida can grow all kinds. soon new leaves would come out and contempt upon the south Italian for his
trees or saw palmetto leaves, You are mistaken in one thing; it is growth of the tree be about the same as carelessness and want of cleanlines in
or even saw dust; and wet each layer the flavor of Florida's oranges 'that those trees where the caterpillar had the oil preparation.In .
with the above mixture. In a short colors the money.-ED._ been entirely killed. But whilst this Tuscany only the freshly picked
time the,heap will become hot, decom- Florida Clover k alias-< Beggarweed was all true with these experimentaltrees fruit is used to make the first qualityof
position or change of combinationwill still I would advise the keeping oil. The second quality is made
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
go on very rapidly, and if the I have read the article in FARMERAND down of the caterpillar as much as from the fallen berries, while the third
heap is kept wet with the fermenting FRUIT GROWER of November 26, possible, and only mention this ex- quality, which is used only for lamps,
fluid the manure will be ready for the 1891, on Florida Clover alias Beggar- ; perience for the benefit of 'those so comes from the olives ,blown down by
,soil in one month and will improve weed with much interest, and it : discouraged the past season. A great the wind, or knocked off by heavy
with age if kept moist.A has prompted me to write to you for many delay planting too long, and rain or hail. From lying on the
little of this heap of manure or a some information. Can you informme in place of being in season are alwaysout ground these olives acquire an earthy
little of the leached fluid from the where the seed can be obtained? of season, and consequently have taste, and. as they are kept for some
heap will add greatly to the energyof My grove is located in Marion bad luck with both trees and nuts. time before crushing, the oil has not
future compost heaps. Here let county, on Orange Lake, and on l low December, January and February are that brilliancy of color which is so
me state that if this compost or the hammock land. I bought the land in the months for transplanting the much prized.
. fluid leached from it is examined with its wild state, cleared it and set it out trees, or planting the nuts, and the There are countless varieties of
of earlier in of these the better. olives. The morinelle which is bril-
microscope good defining powers, with sour stock, budded eleven years any ,
the same class of organisms will be ago. The trees look well, are thrifty Procure only fresh, plump, liantly black and glistens in the sun;
discovered in immense numbers that and bearing. I never have used any thin-shelled nuts; and if trees, the correggiole duller and half pur-
cause the disintegration of primitiveor fertilizer except what has been madeon plant only the one-year-old. Mulch ple and green; the rosselline, of a
primary rocks. I am not sure of the land. It looks as well if not well after planting, and protect from reddish brown hue, and not to com-
the life history of these organisms. I better than my neighbors' who have evening :;;, for the first year after pare in beauty to the pendoline, the
do not know whether they are fissiparous used all kinds of commercial fertil-- planting. A board six inches wide branches of which droop gracefullywith
oviparous or viviparous; much izer extravagantly for several years.If placed on west side of the tree will their weight of dark purple fruit. .
less do I know whether they are descendants the Florida clover is what it is rep answer. ARTHUR BROWN. The trees are all pruned ic rotation
of a first creation or whetherthe resented to be, it is just the article we Ribera Pecan Grove and Pecan Nursery, Bag- every seven years. They are liberally
mixture produces them de novo. I need on the lake.I dad, Florida. fertilized, and after seven years of
am almost convinced that the attri- have no faith in the commercial In connection with the above letter beauty the great branches are mercilessly -
butes and environments of matter fertilizers. Any information relativeto there came a sack of nuts of three cut off and nothing is left but a
have the power to produce life, butI the matter will be duly appreciated. named varieties, which we find to be gnarled trunk, often divided into sev-
would give my yoke of oxen to know VIRGIL HILLYER. highly satisfactory, the shell so thin eral arms, which stretch out in their
for'sure. J. U. L. F. 917 East Capitol St. that it can be cracked between one's gaunt nakedness, as if imploring
Yalaha, Fla. You can get the seed from H. G. two hands and the meat of a delicious mercy. ...
The secretary of the Ohio State Hastings, Interlachen, Fla. We think richness.-ED. Enough fruit of the first quality
Board of Agriculture, Mr. W. I. Florida clover is all our correspondent having been gathered for the press, the
Chamberlain, a conscientious man represented if to be, though we do The Olive Oil of Tuscany."A crowd of pickers enter a huge vaulted
and a practical farmer of many years not understand him as recommending salad must be salted by a wise apartment with a large stone basin in
experience, gave it as the result of it as a substitute for commercial fertil man, receive vinegar from a miser and the center, in which the olives are all
several years' trial by himself that izers. It is a good general fertilizeror oil from a spendthrift." So says an emptied. In this basin is a millstone,
farmers could not buy the raw materials source of nitrogen and probably Italian proverb. But first of all acquaint about six feet in diameter, set up on
and mix them to make what we promotes nitrification by shading t eland yourself with the character of one end and revolving around a wooden -
commonly call commercial fertilizersas but good commercial fertilizersare the latter fluid, or the consequencesare column. An ox is harnessed Jto'a
cheaply as they could buy them necessary to the highest successin more awful than human lips can pole projecting from the centerpiece,
ready-mixed. But the above is more fruit growing.-ED. describe. Those happy beings whoa and as the beast paces round the baTHE -

,t, I .

.:..- -., .,.
.. -'1.!-r'" "
: R

: r
-- t i- -

-q -- -
'-... -- -
; r..... _._ -


"- ..'


sin a man follows and shovels the cause of the Scuppernong not fruit gin ground. To prevent this plantersnow .
olives, soon reduced to greenish pulp. certain localities is due to the fact Tl1 e FiIl ep often put a pinch of cotton seed

When sufficiently crushed, two men that its flowers are female (pistillate) -Edited- -- by JOHN- B.-BEACH, Melbourne- -Fla- -- meal or blood and bone in the bud.
bring a hand-barrow with long handles,, and if not planted in near proximityto This keeps out the sand mechanically,
on which lie the "gabbia," circular wild male muscadines (vitis vul- Pineapple Culture-No. 3. But has more effect, we think, by
baskets with a hole through the center pina) the Scuppernong vines will remain Planting pineapples on the Keys is stimulating the sprouting roots with "
of each. These baskets look as i if entirely barren. more like mining than agriculture.The liquid manure washed down the stalk _
made of cqcoa matting, but are ol This is not the opinion of Prof. plants must be set in crevices of the slip by the dews collected by
thick cord manufactured from rushes. Thos. L. Brunk, of Texas, who says where they can be found, often hay the leaves and centered in the bud.
As they are filled with the pulp they that "the Scuppernong has fertile or ing to be propped up with pieces ol We have filled small slips with sand
are carried to a press and heaped with hemaphroditic flowers but the stamensare rock, and where no crevice appearsthe before planting and by watering fre-
great care one on top of the other. recurved-that is, as soon as the planter has to make an artificialone quently with liquid made from blood
Many taps and pushes are given b> corolla cap comes off the stamens somehow. Rapid planting here and bone enabled the slip to root, push
the padrone to the pile of "gabbia," turn down so that the pollen cannot requires keen eyesight backed by a out the sand and grow as if nothing at
out of which great drops of yellow. fall upon the pistil but must be vivid imagination to find crevices, and all were wrong.
green oil already exude. A disk o! placed there by some foreign agent as an experienced hand will not plant Plants are set from fifteen inches to
new wood is then placed on the top of wind or insects." He gives as a pos- over 300 a day while in sand a man twenty-four each way, about twenty
the oily mountain, and then begins the sible reason for the Scuppernong and can readily set 3,000.In being the favorite distance. The far-
hard work. its class not bearing in certain I localities planting sandy fields the first ther apart the plants are set, up to'a
The oil press, upon which the that it may be due to the lack of thing is to mark the ground off into certain limit, the larger fruit will they
"gabbia" are placed, consi.ts of an the proper formation of nectar and squares or checks. This is done by produce. One object in close planting
enormous beam through which goes: other influences of the climate and dragging a marker made like an enor. is to enable the plants to so cover
the screw, and is finished below by a moisture of certain localities. As this mous rake ten to fifteen feet wide over the ground as to choke out all weeds
square block of wood, pierced with vine must rely mostly upon insects to the field, covering the ground once in after the first twenty months when
two holes, supported by two massive fertilize its flowers, it is reasonable to each direction. The teeth are set the dis they have reached maturity. But
posts. A pole is inserted into the believe that if the vine does not produce tance apart that the plants are desiredto there is another difficulty about givingtoo
block, and with many odd cries and sufficient nectar to attract a large be and a plant is set at each inter much space and it is this: When
exclamations the men turn the screw number of insects it will not be per- section. The"slips,"which are shoots the plant fruits the bud appears in the
round, and the oil comes gushing out fectly fertilized. growing from the fruit stem at the centre of the plant from whence all
on all sides, mixed with dirty-looking My advice would be: Give your base of the apple, are gathered as soon the growth of leaves proceeds, and
water. Olives contain only onethirdof Scuppernong vines potash and phos after the fruit has been shipped as they when, therefore, the apple has been
oil and two of water. The liquidruns phoric acid and plant a wild Bullaceor have attained an average length of gathered there is no centre of growthleft
into a conduit cut round the Muscadine vine in the near prox. eight inches. In breaking off the apple ; so a shoot called a sucker must
press in the marble floor, and disap- imity. E. DUBOIS. for market a few slips are often start from the axil of the lower
pears down a hole at one side, covered San Luis Vineyard, Tallahassee. dislodged and these (called drop slips) leaves. When this starts from a bud
with a wooden lid. When this is raiseda are rather too small, though they make below the ground it is called a rattoon
small vat is exposed, and as the oil, Orange and Grape Fruit Wine. excellent plants if the season is quite and having root-hold of its own below
of course, is floating on the top, it is Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: moist so as to enable them to root. the surface is able to support itself.
delicately skimmed with a flat tin You will oblige me very much by Slips eight inches long can, however, But should the sucker start from an
scoop hollowed in the center.-Correspondent answering the following questions : be planted deeper so that their butts axil six inches up the plant it must
Philadelphia Times. Which makes the best! wine, grape will reach moist earth should the depend upon the connection with the
fruit, sour oranges or sweet oranges ? weather come off dry, and are, there- main stalk for its support as well as
And which of them would be the fore, preferred. Slips can be left on its nourishment from the ground.
T4e dine frd most profitable to grow for wine-mak the old fruit stems for six to twelve When it matures an apple the weightis
ing ? months after the fruit has been gath- very apt to bend it over sidewaysso
-Edited---by---E.- DUBOIS- -,-Tallahassee- ,-Fla.- How much sugar and water to each ered and will continue to grow, in that the side of the fruit is exposedto
J gallon or quart of juice in order to length of leaf at least, for a long time, the vertical rays of the sun and it
Grape Queries. get a first quality wine ? though beyond a certain period they becomes burned and ruined; while it
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Where could I get a small mill for deteriorate in vigor and vitality. Slips often happens that the mere weight of
Please give: me answers to the fol. the sucker aided by a heavy wind .
grinding phosphate pebbles ? thus left on into the second season are
lowing questions through your paper: SUBSCRIBER. termed old slips. breaks it off entirely from the old
i. What is the best method of grafting Wauchula, DeSoto Co. Before planting the slips must be all plant and hence from all connectionwith
grape vines on wild stock, and how [REPLY BY HOLMES ERWIN.] trimmed, that is the rough portion of the ground. Thus plants must
long should the graft be, and when is be set close enough so that when
Your letter addressed to me at the butt where it adhered to the stem
the proper time? 2. Will hardwood Sisco, (which has not been my P. O and the dry woody end cut off with a they have ;all suckered they will sup -
ashes such the Diamond brand of
as for six months past,) did not reach me sharp knife to facilitate the starting of port each other by lateral pressureon
Michigan, as advertised in your paper till today. In reply to your subscrib the roots. Most planters pull off a every side. .
used with the Belleview soft
er's questions : Sour oranges make the few of the lower scale-like leaves, When plants produce several suckers -
phosphate give as good results as best orange wine. About equal partsof though this does not seem to be absolutely -I at once some are often broken off
with sulphate potash? clear juice and rain water, 2 lbs. essential. Then one man, the and planted, though the practice is

[ANSWERS BY E. DUBOIS.] sugar to the gallon of the mixture. dropper, takes a basket full and starts not general by any means in Florida.In .
1. Cleft grafting a little under the Grape fruit wine is very troublesomeand down one of the lines scratched by the West Indies where all the slipsare
ground is the best method of grafting expensive to make, owing to the the marker and drops slip at every shipped with the apple to protectit
grape vines. A two-bud scion is gen- bitter in the pulp, etc. It does not cross line and a planter follows from bruises they are obliged to
erally used. In our estimation the armed with a dibble or dibber, a sort depend entirely upon suckers for
best time for grafting is in winter, pay.Benton & Upson, of Jacksonville, of wooden poniard with an eight-inch replanting. They call them "suc
could about blade and a handle bent at cours," because their idea of them is
when the sap in the wild stock is dor probably informyou cylindrical ,
mant; if cut in spring the wild vine phosphate mills for farm use.HOLMES right angles. Plunging this curious that they succour the dying plant and
bleeds profusely and the union of ERWIN. weapon with one hand into the bosom save it from extermination, or else
scion and stock is rather doubtful. af Mother Earth he inserts the butt of that they come to the succor of the
Cover with earth up to upper bud and The Florida Fruit Exchange is he: slip into the wound with the other planter. We Americans are more accustomed -
mulch to retain moisture. growing in popularity among the fruit land, presses down the earth with the in every day life to the
2. If you apply enough wood ashesit growers every year. The Exchangehas Dent handle and his knuckles, and the sucker who steals or "sponges" sup-
from others
will give you as good results as sulphate so far shipped 100 per cent. more whole soon scarifies and heals. port and nourishment
of potash, but the expense will fruit this season than for a corresponding Slips should be set as deeply as than we are to the man who gives
season.-Times- them firm holdn succor to the needy, and so we natu-
be greater. You can not use Canada period of last practicable to give a
the and the butts rally infer that the sucker comes to
hardwood ashes to advantage unless Union.CONSUMPTION.. ground put
the freight from Canada is cheaper. where the earth is always moist; yet drain the last strength from the dying.
Last year I applied one ton of the f planted too deep the sand may wash plant and spell it accordingly.
the head and choke the plant before JOHN B. BEACH.
Belleview soft( phosphate on one acre '
of my vines and was well pleased with I hare a positive remedy for the above disease;by its it gets rooted. The slip is then
the result. nse thousands of cases of the worst kind and of longstanding Aid to be sanded and may rot, or IrrtO'\VN'S IRON BITTERS: AUIANAOFor
3. Mr. J. P. Stelle, of Mobile, Ala- in iu efficacy have,that been I cured.will send Indeed TWO BOTTLES BO strong no is my:,faiti nub else: if pretty stout and vigorous may Contains One Hundred Recipe for making
a VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to sal suf. tend another shoot or sucker from delicious Candy cheaply and quickly
bama in article publishedin up book la at drug
states an This given away
ferer who will send me their Express and P.O.address. the .
. the Florida Agriculturist, that theY T. A. Slocum, 31. C.. 183 Pearl St., N. Y. one of the axillary buds below and general stores.




.,. ... 'iPiBA
.. ......- -

...- .r -"'
... .
'- _
l """ ..



F ]\iEIJirIk) Tle1EI\. another. His crop planted at ..this before turning in the fowls., The convinces me that I am on the right
time last year netted him at the rate spreading boughs of the plant supply track are the statements made by sev-
Uniform Packages.eW of over $200 an acre. He raised a shade and protection from hawks, eral contributors of seed, who say
hope all our readers will crop last fall and will use some of it and the roots, as soon as the fowls learn that by careful selection they have
carefully the communication on peruse this for seed this spring as an experiment.The where they are, will furnish half their brought their collards to heading very
subject printed elsewhere, and we Bermuda potato planters are feed. The roots usually grow at a uniformly, one gentleman assuring me
should be glad to haVe an expressionof compelled to import their seed every slight angle-seldom perpendicularand that his regularly produce heads over
views it. It strikes us as an year from Nova Scotia or New Eng-- can be exposed to view by remov- nine inches in diameter.To .
important upon matter. The merchantswho land, as they find their own seed ing a little soil. If chipped a little, most Northern readers the collard -
sent this. letter enclosed a useless ; but some Florida planters they are so white that the fowls will is an unknown vegetable, lightly
of the bill now before the New York copy have found that they can use home- not be long in sampling them, after passed over in seedsmen's cataloguesas
Common Council (we have not room grown seed once if not twice. which they will do their own grub a "non.heading variety of cabbage
for it this week), and if it should be CONTINUED PLANTING OF CABBAGE. bing, and in doing so will get meat grown in the South," and but few of
passed it would cause a vast amountof -Director De Pass; planted cabbage with their bread, as many worms and them know that when properly
from insects will be unearthed in blanched the loose unheaded
trouble and loss of time in weighing seed successfully everymonth securing even ,
packages. The commission merchants November until March, and had good the roots. collard is a vastly sweeter and more
; are on the right track in this cuttings for the table until August.He It is half feed for horses, mules, delicate vegetable than the Northern
matter.-ED. found that cabbages will head oxen, and milch cows. No beast ever cabbage. Therefore, if it can be
well when where induced to head and bleach with
--:- -- just as planted they showed more desire for corn or anything -
Editorial Notes. are to stand permanently as when else than cows do for cassava certainty, we will have no cause to regret -
IRISH POTATO CULTURE.-We hear transplanted. Three ounces of a roots, once accustomed to eating it; most of the coarse, large cab-
of considerable plantings to be made standard brand of fertilizer (he used and it is the handiest thing to feed themon bages. There are several varieties
this year. It is reported that about Mapes', Paine's and Bowker's) would you can well imagine. A horse's grown from the dark purple leaved,
1,000 barrels of seed will be plantedin produce a good head of cabbage, appetite, if delicate, can be improvedon geeen leaved, to a variety with a loose,
the vicinity of Gainesville, about which thus cost two.fifths of a cent it sooner than on anything else. I open head, but self-blanching. I
225 at Evinston and 175 at Lawtey.The for fertilizer. By May 12 the cab- have made the finest bacon and lard believe that we have at the Station the
Houlton Rose is the popular bages were literally honeycombedwith largely on it and sweet potatoes thatI seed of the cream of all the collards
favorite this year; it is said to producemore worms." He_ then began on have ever used. Corn and peas from Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi,
abundantly than the Early Rose them with a solution of Paris green- will do no better. It makes a fine Georgia, and North Carolina, and
and it brings about a dollar a barrel one ounce to twenty gallons of weak reminder of oyster fritter if grated, may count on good results. In the
more, owing to its rich, red color, soapsuds sprayed 800 cabbages and seasoned well with salt and a little meantime 1 am by no means satisfied
which'causes the Bermuda potato to : effectually cleared them of the worms. soda, and fried nicely. Fine pudding, that the best of the northern cabbages
be so popular in the Northern markets.We I To show the harmlessness of this so- custards, and bread can be made of cannot be grown here. The general
wish to caution our readers lution he had cold slaw prepared three it, and with fresh meats, as a stew, it practice with growers here is to sow
against the use of the trench systemof weeks after spraying and found it is hard to excel when sliced thin and cabbage seed in the spring, just struck
growing this tuber in heavy, un- perfectly healthy. He found also thata well cooked. No root is healthier as farmers at the North do, and
drained, flatwoods land. Seed pota- tablespoonful of Paris green mixed a diet. For starch it can hardly be transplant in July, and then when the
toes from the North in the course of with four or five pounds of flour and excelled. As a feed simply for cattle cabbages succumb to the long heat
nature would not sprout until next sprinkled over the bed when the seedis and horses we would not on any account and drought, and the swarming insects -
spring; and if they are put down sown, and again when the plants do without it.-S. W. CARSON, conclusion is reached that we
deep in cold land and a rain should come up will protect them from both in La. Planter. cannot grow cabbages for winter use
fall on them they would rot badly. the flea beetle and the cut worm. *-+-* in this climate. Last summer I sowed
Early Rose is especially liable to this STRAWBERRIEs.-The great falling Collards and Cabbages for Warm seed of Late Flat Dutch cabbage the
rotting of the seed. The trench is off in the acreage in the North and Climates.It middle of August. The plants were
admirable on light or undrained land, West, reported by our exchanges, is pretty generally known that it set out in September. But the autumn -
but must be used with caution on should be encouraging to our growers is extremely difficult to grow winter was uncommonly dry, and I .
heavy soils. who have persevered under diffi-- cabbage in the South, except in the feared at one time the experiment
Mr. S. P. Crews, a Bradford county culties. Do not abandon your plants Piedmont and mountain country. would be a total failure. Yet in spiteof
farmer, plants his potatoes betweenhis because the cutworms have destroyed Climate is against them, and insectsare all, and in soil of only moderate
cane rows, which have to be wide about all their tops. Dig down care- more various and numerous thanin fertility, very fair heads of cabbagewere
apart anyhow, and thus raises a fully and take out a plant with its the North. But we have not yet made by Christmas. Had the
second crop which is out of the way roots entire, and the chances are you given up the hope of solving the season been as rainy as usual, the
by the time the cane requires the will be surprised at their number and problem of raising good winter cab- crop would have been very good.
ground. He throws up a bed with vitality. The dry autumn forced bages here. One of the reasons for Now here, it seems to me, is a good
two light furrows, splits it and plantsthe them to run deep in search of water. failure is the habit of continually get- suggestion to Southern planters. Sow
potatoes about a foot a part, cut Now if you will encourage the plants ting seed from the North, and neglect- the cabbage seed not earlier than the
sides down. Near each piece he with a pinch of quick-acting fertilizernot ing to develop a variety native to the last of July. Set the plants in ground
drops a good handful of cow-lot ma- ( nitrate of soda; the writer has soil and climate. Those of us whose naturally moist, manure very heavily,
nure or compost. The potatoes are used Nassau guano with good re- garden experience goes back thirty- and work rapidly, and good cabbagecan
covered shallow, being a little above sults, but there are doubtless others five or forty years can well remember be grown in most seasons. Then,
the general level of the ground. As just as good) they will form surface when, even at the North, the regularand after succeeding in getting good'
soon as they begin to appear above roots yet in time to bear a crop. It uniform heading of a patch of heads, save the best for seed, and develop -
ground he throws a furrow over them is the surface roots which give the cabbages was a matter of considerable a strain suited to your wants.
which protects them from frost and fruit. Do not stir the fertilizer in ; uncertainty because of the practice, The cabbage, a native of a cool,
kills the weeds. This is done three leave it on top of the ground. It can then common, of using European moist climate, must necessarily degenerate -
times and is about all the working be sprinkled on after the mulching is seeds. Since the use of American in our hot summers, but inmost
they require. He plants about the applied. grown seeds has become common the places in the South all kinds of
last week in January. He usually ITALIAN RYE FOR LAWNS.-A small cabbage crop has become a. more certain cabbage thrive from October to May.
clears $40 or $50 an acre, and raisesa plat of pale green, velvety lawn in thing than it ever was with for- We grow early cabbages for the Northin
cane crop besides. front of the Savings Bank, Jacksonville eign seeds. So we may hope yet to great quantities, and by bringingour
Dr. J. F. Henry, of Lawtey, will attracts the notice of many do something in this line in the South. winter cabbages into the earlier
try a new way of planting. He will passers-by. This grass makes an elegant The only form of the. cabbage that part of the cool season, I can see no
plant as he breaks the land, droppingthe winter lawn, but dies down in has been found to withstand our cli- no reason why we may not grow
potatoes in every third or fourth the heat of summer. The seed is mate is the collard. Now, as the col- themas well as the spring crop. So,.
furrow. As soon as a row is droppedthe very small Jnd light and a pound of lard has been grown in this climatefor while holding the collard to be a
plow will be stopped and all the it will sow several rods. It can be generations, why not use it as a "survival of the fittest" in this climate
trash, dead pea-vines, etc., will be had of W. A. Bours, Jacksonville, at starting point for a new strain ? This and the proper stock to workon
raked in on the potatoes. Then the twenty cents a pound. object in view, I made a request of a we will not altogether abandon the
plow will be started again, three or i t leading Southern paper for contribu- hope of profiting by the skillful selec-
four furrows plowed and then the Cassava in Florida. tions of collard seed from any who tions of generations of seedsmen as
dropping and covering with trash re The idea for a fowl yard is to plant who had seed they considered super- represented in the best sorts of head
peated. Dr. Henry thinks that for an intended spot of any desired di- ior. The answers to my request have ing cabbages.-W. F. MASSEY in
safety against frost and general profit-j mensions with the stalks which are been very gratifying, and I have received American Agriculturist
ableness a crop planted March i is used in short sticks for seed, and let I packages of seeds from all over f -
about as good as any, one year with it grow eight or nine months, at least, .the South. And what more than ever you.Ho! Traveller take BEECIIAl'S"PILI-S- with



' -- -


-- --''
\ -

-- to go to the woodpile and a new one ing for the next grain, or seed or bug,
IAetock. Poultry. substituted.The help grind those previously passed
--............... capacity of this house is sixteento into her gizzard. Confine biddy ina
Early Mutton Lambs in Florida. Edited by E. W. AMSDEN Orroond Fla. twenty of the smaller varieties and small house or pen, give her her
There is no good reason that we twelve to fifteen of the large ones.I food in an easily picked up bunch
can discover why the business of A Fowl House. have twenty-five of these houses in and you promote idleness and fat, and
The above illustrates what we call as many yards. E. W. A. put a premium upon the attendingvices.
growing lambs for the Northern
early our Florida house, where fowls are kepton .H H Study to promote scratching
markets, or for our large tourist ho- the colony plan. We have experi- Keep the Hens Busy. by burying the grain ration beneaththe
tels, could not be made profitable in mented for seven years and this is the "Satan finds some mischief still for surface of the gravel floor, or
Florida. Our vegetables and small result. The advantages are: Its cheapness idle hands to do," says the old throwing it among litter in the
fruits in the air ; easily made; there is good ven- proverb, and if there is any proverb i scratching compartment, and vou
grown open compete
tilation without draft; it is cool in summer particularly applicable to poultry, promote digestion, good health, and
successfully in the Northern markets and warm enough in our climatefor that is it. It seems as though the virtue, and all of them join in promot-
with hothouse tomatoes and cucum- winter. In size it is 3I2 feet wide very spirit of evil entered into them ing egg laying.
bers; so, in our opinion, early lambs by 7 long. The frame is all 2x2 cypress when idle. The vice of featherpulling This is well understood by many
could be grown here which would ; corner posts 40 inches high. (and eating)), one of the very but ignored or not understoodby
with the hot- The floor 20 inches from the groundand worst that can get into a flock, is more many more, and yet
compete to advantage 20 inches from floor to plate. The than half idleness, the other part of it is very simple. Some breeders
house lambs of New Jersey. sides and ends are panels filled with the blame being want of animal food. gather leaves in autumn, put down a
Lambs bred from a Shropshire or i */( galvanized wire netting. The sidesare The vice of egg-eating is directly board in such a way that it will divide
Southdown ram on common ewes sell held in place by buttons. The chargeable to idleness.It the pen in halves, and put five .or six
readily in the great cities of the Northat end panels slide, and either end can is not alone the vices which inches of leaves in one half for a
$5 to $8 per head; and we have be used as a door. The floor is four make "keeping them busy" so im scratching place, scattering the grain
known choice ones to fetch even $10 inch matched cypress; the roof frameis portant-it is the best interest of :there and compelling them to scratchfor
when not over three months old. made light and covered with can both fowl and owner. The fowl it. Some breeders turn up a
They are raised at a high expense for vas or Neponset. The rafters extend economy, the digestion of food and shovelful of the gravel or sand on the >
warm barns, double-walled, heated 10 inches below the plate, which pro- turning the same into flesh and blood floor and bury the grain. We have
with stoves day and night, furnished tects the fowls when on the roost from and bone, also a due proportion into chopped up with a hay cutter a lot o f ...
with ventilators, and the ewes fed on wind, but allows the air to circulateover eggs, is directly promoted by exercise.All swale hay, cutting it an inch long
turnips, bran, cottonseed meal and the floor and carry off the odor the bodily functions are stimulatedby and putting two or three basketsfulin
other feeds rich in milk-producing ele from the droppings. The gable ends it. The blood flows more quickly each pen. The grain is scattered
ments. In Florida the only expense broadcast and much of it disappears
needed would be for simple sheds for within the cut hay, and the biddies
use in windy weather and a patch of I fairly revel in their search for it; the
cassava or rape or mustard to furnish result (to which the scratching
milk.making feed to the ewes in lamb \ /\\/\kX\ \\ \\f\7\Y2i i greatly helps) over $20 worth of eggsa

ing time. .: week when some whom we know,
The writer was for years a practical A who keep more fowls tharr we do, get
flockmaster in a Northern State, and few eggs or none at all. We believe
would be glad to give instruction, the scratching is an important aid to
through the paper, to parties who this daily basket of eggs. It doesn'tso
might desire to undertake this new much matter what the scratching
industry. The greatest difficulty to material is leaves, chopped hay or
overcome would he the dogs and straw, sand or gravel, anything. The
razorbacks, and to meet this there ideal material would be wheat or oats
would be three or four plans that -chaff from a threshing mill we
might be pursued. knew of in our boyhood days, and we
I. In lambing time the ewes would would give dollars now for a ton or
have to be either herded or kept in two of what we gleefully pushed into
an enclosure of twenty acres or sucha the stream then. It doesn't matter
matter in the daytime, and at night what the material is, having something
guarded in a dog-proof corral or barn. is all important. Keep them busy
Old razorback sows are, if possible, a are solid to the square "of the house so through the arteries and veins, replacing and they will be healthy and happy
worse to lambs than as to prevent a draft or current throughthe old, worn out tissue with new
enemy young and will lay eggs.-Farm Poultry.The .
dogs are; but after the lambs are a house endways.The healthy matter, and the good healthof > i
month old they are able to escape. roof is made independent from the body may be said to depend Floridian says that the tobacco
2. During the rest of the year the the house and can be lifted off to upon the promptness with which the planter who does not own land within
flock would have to be either kept on clean or move the house; in fact it !. worn out tissue is absorbed and reach of the Gulf breeze should not
a farm of a quarter section or two, only requires one minute to take it passed out, and the new takes the plant the Vuelta Abajo seed. Chew"
' fenced with wire, or else herded on all to pieces, when every crack and place. ing tobacco does not require the rich t
, the range by a trusty boy. crevice can be got at to clean it. When a fowl is moping on the aroma which cigar leaf does, and
3. A few Angora goats with a buck If made of light and dry materialit roost or in a corner, her circulation is which can be imparted only by the
would afford much protection to the will not weigh 200 pounds; two sluggish, the animal economy drags; salt atmosphere. The Vuelta Abajo
sheep (if the latter were kept withouta boys 12 years old can carry it any- make her scratch for her living and itself is a narrow coast strip. .
ram), and would bring them home where. The roosts are supported by you overcome that sluggishness and -
every night. An Angora buck witha two hangers at either end and are : promote her best interests. This is "WORTH'A'GUINEA'A'BOX."
bell on his neck would serve as a placed 10 inches from the floor and I nature's way. It was never intended
leader to the flock. In case of an 12 inches from the plates. In wet i that biddy should gobble down a full
attack by dogs the does would makea weather the fowls can have shelter meal and then go off in the corner, J PECIAtNOTICE i ii
bee-line for their corral (this is their under the house; it is high enough.I or on to the roost, and mope. Nature !
uniform habit), the sheep would follow from the ground to be dry and healthy; intended she should get a grain or .
and the buck, bringing up the for States further north you can tack j seed here, a bug or worm there, and i ,
rear, would protect and secure the re canvas on the sides and ends which sometimes do a good many scratchesfor Complying with general request -
would make it warm enough. I one grain, or seed, or bug. A $* .BEECHAM'S PILLS
treat.Ve' would not hold out any rose- There is no provision made for nest Darwinian might argue that it was an : will in future for the United
colored expectations of sudden and boxes for we don't believe they shouldbe excellentillustration, of the adaptationof States-be covered with a
great riches from this source; but we in or attached to the house. We means to ends, because biddy has .
firmly believe that a prudent, indus- use barrels set on end with a 6x8 inch j no teeth with which to chew her food; j Quickly Soluble,
trious man with a quarter section of hole sawed out just above the second I she has to depend upon attrition for I Pleasant Coating
fairly good wiregrass land and a few hoop. Make a cover that is con- grinding it after it has been passed |completely disguising the
hundred dollars capital could make a siderable larger than the head of II into the crop and gizzard, and that j taste of the Pill without in any i
much better living in this business than the barrel and you have a nesting attrition is wholly dependent upon 5 way impairing{ its efficacy.
he can by growing vegetables in frosty place that will last a year if kept off I muscular action. The very movements % Pnce 25 mil a Box. f
York Depot Canal Street.
New 365
sections.-ED. the ground. By that time it is ready i I made in scratching and search *''###HIHHH H fJdi


>" ':' ;r-:.... T.' ,' ", ::- .. --- "

: ,

.. .l

"CONTENTS.,' _. .. representative part of it; his practical I oly. -Not to crush the small growers, UNIFORM PAOE AGES.

experience as a fruit grower for years, but quite the reverse-to get them OFFICE
GROTK AHD Oacauu-Index' for 1891; The Waite
and the active interest he has taken in
-. ofPotath; 23 some money for their fruit. Florida TRADE ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK
How to Use Our Phosphates at Home;All Kinds every branch of pomology, not only needs
an Armour or a "Big Four" to MERCANTILE EXCHANGE BUILDING,
of Oranges;Florida Clorer Alias Beggarweed;
The Pecan and the Caterpillar The Olive Oil : as a general observer and student butas grasp the orange traffic with a hand CORNER HARRISON AND HUDSON STS.,

of Tuscany; 24 I a frequent judge at competitive ex- NEWORK.
of power and manage it with a clear
TIM iYnrxTARD Grape Queries: Orange and
hibitions, have qualified him to render and
Grape Fruit Wine; 25 far seeing brain. To the Growers and Shippers of Fruits
THE PcnoRT: -Pineapple CUlture-No.3; 25 good service in this capacity. Andwe If'the Fruit Exchange has in it the and Vegetables in the Atlantic Coast
FAKXKR sum T&uCID-Unltorm Packages; Edi- feel confident that the sincere in-
root of the matter it in the States:
torial Notes;Cassava in Florida;Collards and may
Cabbages for Warm Climates; 26 terest which he has taken in the pros- oftime expand in to this healthy, vigorous GEI"CLDlEN-owing to the enormous

., LIne STOCK-Earl/ Mutton Lambs In Florida; 27FOCLTBT perity of the State as a whole is a thriving monopoly so sorely increase in truck and fruit growing

-A Fowl House; Keep the Hens BUST; 27 guarantee of impartial justice in his needed. throughout the Atlantic Coast States, it
EDITORUL-Notes; Massing the Fruit; "Home
Market Redlvlrus;Uniform: Packages; 28 reports toward the cotton, cereal and Let the never 'cease clam- has become more and more apparent
Lowest Thermometer Beading; 29 growers each year to the receivers of the propertyhere
tobacco crops as well as toward the the doors of the
MARKETS-For Florida Produce; 29 oring at Exchangeuntil that packages of uniform size are
Questions and Replies; 29 horticultural interests. We shall return the directors begin to lay up not only needed but imperatively de-

. Ova TOU5O FOLKS-A Noble Girl; SO to the subject of these State crop money to enter the field for this great manded. The inequality of size in pack-
ova BUBAL HOME-Six O'clock Dinners Feeding
; another time and for the has been and embarrassing
the Sick; New England Baked Beans; Pineapple reports at ; work. ages annoying -
Custard; 31 present will merely express the hope 4- to commission merchants and a loss
THE FARMERS ALLIANCE-"Modern Political Economy "Home Market" Redivivus. to shippers and growers. The principal
that all the of THE
;"Bristles; 32
We have awaited with considerable advantages of uniform packages are as
Alliance Rally at Shady Grove; 33 FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER will
follows First the could be handled
THE COLD WATE-Notes; 31M.rTtsaA : property -
Bit of Experience;"Some North- assist Mr. Manville in collecting full interest the announced unrestricted here to decidedly better advantage.
ern Fruit Auctions;" Distribution. S5 auction sale of fruit at the warehouseof
and.correct statistics. Their impor Second, small packages cost as much for

STEPHEN POWERS Editor. tance can hardly be overestimated. the Orange Auction and Vegetable freight as the full size and sell for much

P. O.Address, Lawtcy Fla. Market, to take place Jan. 15 1892. less, proportionately (because buyers are

Massing the Fruit.If On examination of the fruit for sale so prejudiced against them), thereby

Record of rainfall at Lawtey for the oranges of Florida were grown: we found it of fair average quality of shipper.making them Third very different unprofitable sizes require to the

December, kept by Mr. M. Knicker- by one hundred men the marketing the several grades and in good condi different prices to correspond with the

bocker: 4, .3 inch; 18, .319; .2; 27, problem would be practically solved. tion. We judge there were 3,000 package .the quality of the contents

.i-total for the month, .9 inch. Tem- But there are ten thousand of them, boxes. There were quite a sprinklingof being the same. Fourth, we are threat-

perature record kept by Dr. E. A. and the question of overshadowing growers and between twelve and ened with adverse legislation in conse-

noon importance is how to the fifteen buyers quence of the irregularity of the pack-
Todd: ,Lowest temperature at get oranges present. in use.

48 on the 1st;' highest, 72, on the together.To The sale opened at 3:30 p. m., and ages For these reasons we not only recom-

26th.' make comparison: The Merino lot one, consisting of 46 boxes of mend but strenuously urge the immediate -

wool of the United States averages bright Navels, was started at $1.25. adoption as far as possible of the

Samples of the Fitzwater pear re There bid flour barrel as the standardof
better than that of Australia, but being no higher they were round-hooped
ceived by us from the Fitzwater Pear with the barrel crate
it is grown by several hundred thou- knocked down at that price. This measure, equal
of Yates N. Y. incapacity to the standard barrel,rounded -
Company, county, are bidder be
sand men. In Australia the breedersare was not disposed to caught
measure, and the half barrel crate and
all-not two and half inches
over a and started lot five boxesof
few, each having from 5,000 to again two ( third-barrel crate to be proportionateparts

long and two inches in diameter, but 30,000 sheep, and the grading and golden russet Navels) at $i, which of the standard crate or barrel.
the flavor is much that of
superior to packing are rigidly done, all fleeces were knocked down at $1.25. The retail grocers of the city buy very

the LeConte. Its lateness is said to being "skirted" and the inferior parts We will merely give the result of large quantities of fruit and vegetables.

make it profitable in the North, but thrown Hence Australian wool the next twenty-three lots and leave They have a strong organization and for
we imagine it would be earlier than away. three years have been untiring in their
readers draw their conclu-
outsells in our own markets the mis- our to own
efforts to induce the Common Council of
the Kieffer here, and that we should
cellaneous, though really better, clipof sions: this city to enact an ordinance compel
have to ship it against the fall varie-
America. Lot 4-15 boxes Fancy Brights for 1.45. the sale of fruit and vegetables by weight.
ties of the North. Lot 5-10 boxes Russets for 1.10. The bill by the utmost exertions of the
Australia has a few thousand Merino
I Lot 6-25 boxes _.Choice Brights for commission merchants here was barely
nabobs while the United States has -
Mr. Ernest of Archer a
Boynton, defeated last winter and has recently

forwards :amples of an orange whichhe million or more independent and 1.20.Lot 7-31 boxes Golden Russets for been introduced again.

says is "sweet and agreeable to thetaste" prosperous farmers who are also wool 1.10.Lot We have assured the Common Council
Florida sorely needs better 8-3 boxes Golden Russets for 1.15. that the introduction of a standard package -
as early as September 15, but growers. would place the business of Belling
16 boxes Russets for 1.15.
Lot 9-
does not color up until later. No orange-growers, but she needs citizens fruit and vegetables upon a more equi
Lot 10-8 boxes Brights for 1.25. table basis and that it would chiefly
still and if break the
more we can or-
grower would venture to name it ; Lot 11-8 boxes Russets for 1.30. meet the objections to the present system ti
without seeing the leaves and know- ange industry up small-even smaller Lot 12-14 boxes Choice Brights for upon which retailers base their demandsfor i

than it is now-acd on each of the sales by weight.If .
the tree's habit of It
ing growth, 1.50.Lot the growers will immediately take
is small and thin-skinned; nearly seed pieces sustain a fairly good citizen, the 13-30 boxes Brights for 1.40. such steps as are necessary to abolish all
Lot 14-6 boxes Russets for 1.20. irregular packages and introduce those
cause of humanity will be advanced, f
less flavor rich and satis
; very sweet Lot 15-65 boxes Brights for 1.25. of standard size according to the dimen-
factory. We have found very few even if the oranges shipped out of the Lot 16-150 boxes Golden Russets for sions given below, we are confident the
State do not all grade A No. i. bill can be defeated.
varieties in Florida. It
sweeter was a Our Association includes among its
little past its prime. But is it necessary to let down the 1.30.Lot 17-50 boxes Russets for 1.30. members nearly all the principal receivers -

standard? Not at all. Let a systemof Lot 18-69 boxes Brights for 1.20. of fruits and vegetables in this city.
Our committee therefore represents the
The appointment of Mr. A. H. central packing-houses be estab- Lot 19-224 boxes Golden Russets for trade. We have most carefully consid-

Manville, of Jacksonville, as State lished all over the orange belt, and 1.30.Lot ered this subject in all its bearings.We .

Statistical Agent of the U. S. Department let the fruit be sorted and marked 20-5 boxes (large) Tangerines for which reallize would compel fully the that sale an of ordinance all vegetables -

of Agriculture, is one which with uniformity, whether purchasedof 2.40.Lot and most fruits by weight wouldbe
21-3 boxes Bright Maltese for 1.40.Lot disastrous to the
industry by
can hardly fail to give satisfaction to the outright or shipped for your
growers > 22-1 box Maltese for 1.30. increased expenses which it would necessitate -

/ all who are acquainted with that gen them in a fiduciary capacity. Lot 24-18 boxes Brights for 1.25.Lot and the unavoidable delays

tleman. Mr. Manville's widely ex- What the orange industry needs > 25-1 box Fancy Brights or 1.20. which We believe it would therefore cause. that our recom-

tended acquaintance in the State, now above all things else-pace our These twenty-five lots represent all mendations will commend themselves to

resulting from a residence of twenty good Alliance brethren-is a big, grades and will give you an average your judgment.We append .the dimensions of the

"-years and numerous visits to every stimulating, bracing dose of monop- of the whole. standard packages which we deem most









desirable, and which have given the best lines, 2.00 to 2.20; ordinary to choice, relief to producers lies in the prospectthat

results. ]\\'IQIt' l\ets.\ 1.50 to 1.90. The above quotations are Liverpool, Glasgow, London; and a

They should be closely followed. and for sound fruit or reasonably sound, few other points on the other side, may
the packages so constructed that they - -- with wasty fruit selling according to its take one-third or more of the Florida

may afford all the ventilation necessary JACKSONVILLE, Jan. 13. value. Lemons, strictly fancy bright, yield. The days of European orangesare

and display their contents to the best FRUIT AND VEGETABLES. 3.00 to 3.50; ordinary, 2.00 to 2.50. however, numbered. Here is

..ad vantage. Russets, 1.00 to 1.50. Grape fruit, 1.50 to Mexico, too,with oranges in our markets,
(Corrected every week by Marx Bros.] 2.00 per box. Tangerines, large size; lo\vas the price is, and they will con-

DIMENSIONS-OF STANDARD PACKAGES. These are average quotation Extra choice ((200 to 300)) fancy, per box, 3.25to; 3.75, tinue to come as long as they net the

THE FLOUR BARREL.-The dimensionsof lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor small size, 2.00 to 2.50. Mandarins, 1.50 growers 25c to 50c a box. Lemons!

a standard flour barrel are: Diameter lots sell lower. to 2.00. Egg plants more plenty and Well, we must look to Europe for at least
............ ..........
Oranges, bright
of head 17 inches diameter of easier The South well
; bilge, choice, barrel, 6.00 to 8.00. yet. as as
russet........................ i.oo to 1.25 per California
l$% inches; length of stave, 27 inches; Lemons,Fla.......................... 2x0 to 3.00 Cucumbers, choice, per crate, 3.00 to is experimenting with them,
length between heads, 253 inches. Messina............ ........ 3.50104.00 3.50; poor, 1.00 to 1.50. String beans in but it yet remains to be proven whetherwe
Limes, 100......... ... ................. .50 demand 3.00 to 3.25. Wax have the soil and climate
THE BARREL CRATE.The dimensionsof Grapefruit, barrel-wanted...... .o... 2.00102.50 good ; green, adapted to
the standard barrel crate-used chiefly box....................... 1.25 to 1.50 2.00 to 2.50. Refugees, 2.00 to 2.50. their successful cultivation.P. .
for shipment of cabbages and the larger Pineapples, crate-wanted.... ........ 4.00 Ripe tomatoes, choice, per crate, 3.00 to \ KIELY & Co.
Bananas,bunch........;... ........... 1.25 to 1.75 3.50 and out of order 1.00 to
vegetables-are based upon the cubic Apples, barrel........................ 2.50103.00 ; ordinary ,
contents of the standard flour barrel Grapes, Malaga, keg...........;...... 7.50 1.50. Squash, per crate, 1.50 to 2.00.
when rounded full as is customary in Cranberries, crate. .................... 2.75 Green peas, 2.00 to 2.50. Lettuce in FRUIT AT AUCTION.
the Potatoes, Irish, barrel.........,...... 2.25 good demand barrel 4.00 to 5.50 E. L. Goodsell in New York, Jan. 4:
shipment of potatoes and cabbagesin per ,
sweet, bushel..... .......... .50
single head flour barrels, covered with N. Y. cabbage, each....... ............ .08 according to quality and condition. Navels, 2.05; Tangerines halves, DOc;
the ordinary burlap cover. There are Florida cabbage....................... 06 to 07 Lettuce should bo shipped all rail express boxes, 1.70 to 3.10; Mandarins, halves,
two forms of barrel crate both of same Onions, yellow, barrel. .................300 to 3 25 and all other vegetables A. C. D. Sec to 1.00; grape fruit, hoc to DOc; bright,
red ...... ...... ............... 325
capacity, approved and recommended by crate.......................... 1.25 REDFIELD & SON. 75c to 2.25; russet, 85c; to 2.10; lemons,
the Executive Committee of the Fruit Turnips, barrel...f......:............ 1.75 1.20 to 1.75.
and Produce Trade Association to be Beets, ................ ........ 2.25 Same, Jan. 6: 1.35 to 2.20; russet, 1.20
se- Carrots, ..... ............. ...... 2.50 BOSTON, Jan. 9. 1.70.
lected for use according to the nature of Parsnips, .. ....... ... ........... 2.50 Arrivals of oranges have been to 2.05; unwrapped
the contents; they are as follows: Radishes, dozen.... .......eo .... .. .40 week very Sgobel & Day, New York, Dec. 30:
Okra, peck.. ........................... .35 light past so extreme prices have 1,800 boxes, average 1.48; Tangerines,
Crate No. 1-Length of slat, outside Cucumbers, dozen......!........... .. .40 been obtained in our market. Prospect halves JOe to 1.50 Mandarins '
measure, 39 inches; size of heads and Celery .. ........ ............... .50 to .60 is'for more liberal receipts next week. ; ,
center 11 20 inches and 1 inch Eggplants, barrel..................... 2.50 We for halves, 65c to 80c; bright. GOo to 2.00;;
piece, by Beans, crate ........ .....'............. 1.50 quote to-day fancy brights, good russett, 1.00 to 1.80; Navels, 2.30; grape
thick. New Irish Potatoes,crate.............1.50 to i 75 counts, about 3; russets, good counts, fruit 1.25.
Crate No. 2-Length of slat outside Peas,crate...... ...................... 1.25 2.75 to $2.87; fancy Indian River, $3 to ,
Tomatoes...... ................. ..... 2.50103.00 YORK & 'VnITNEY.BoSTON Same Jan. 2: 370 boxes, average 1.77;
measure, 36 inches; size of heads and $3.25. fancy, 2.03; Navels, 2.00; bright, 1.60 to
center piece, 12 by 20 inches and 1 inch POULTRY AND EGGS. 2.05; golden russet, 1.75.

thick.In Hens....... ..: .......................| .35 to .40 Jan. 9. Same, Jan. 6: Average, 1.97; Tanger-
both of these crates the slats shouldbe Roosters............... ..........;.. .30 to .35 ines, halves, 1.85; Mandarins, halves,
Broilers...................... .... .2S to .30 At our sale of Florida oranges yester-
% inch thick, 3 inches wide, 4 slats to Turkeys.............................. i.ootoi.25 day, fruit generally sound, prices touchedup 600 to 75c; fancy, 2.40 to 2.55;
the broad side of the'crate and 3 slats to Ducks...................... ........... .-45 to .60 high $J"." O the lowest realized bright, 1.55 to 2.15; russet, 1.60 to
as as
the narrow side. Geese............. ................. .soto .75 2.05grape; fruit, 85c.
Eggs:; .................................. .27 being $1.7i-for{ fruit which was consid- H. Harris & Co., Boston, Jan. 4: Tan-
NOTE-We recommend crate No. i as the stand erably W .3ty. The market is now very
ard. Crate No. a is recommended when the size SEED POTATOES. ,. strong, /nd we expect it (if continue so gerines, halves, .50 to 2.12; Mandarins,

of the cabbage is too large to be properly packedin Houlton Rose, barrel.......?................$2.50 for some time for sound fruit. halves, 1.12 to 1.25; Satsumas, halves,
the standard or crate No. i. Early Rose, .......................... 2.50 SNOW & Co. 1.37; grape fruit, .75 to 2.37; Indian River
THE BUSHEL CRATE.-The dimensions Beauty of Hebron barrel..... ............... 2.50 lemons,2.62; lemons, 1.87 to 2.50; Navels,
White Star, barrel.} ............... ..... ..... 2.25 3.00 to 3.12 Indian River bright 1.62
of the bushel crate are as follows: Lengthof Burbank .......................... 2.15 ; ;
slat, outside measure, 23 inches; size Chili Red ........................... 3.00 NEW YORK, Jan. 13. bright, .62 to 2.75; russet, 1.40 to 2.50.
of heads and centre piece, 8U by 16 Special to FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER : Snow & Co., Boston, Jan. 8: Tange-

inches and 1 inch thick. Thickness of FRUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN. .:Market firm; brights $2 to $2.50; russets rines, halves, 1.75 to 2.00; fancy, 1.75 to

slats, } inch; width of slats and numberto JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Jan. 12. i $1.90 to $2.40. E. L. GOODSELL. 3.35; russet, 1.70 to 3.37. (Oranges by

the side to be governed as described We are pleased to be able to report still the A. C. D. line averaged about 50 centsa

above. further improvement since our last bul- box more than by the O. S. S. line.)

letin was issued.Telegrams BOSTON, Jan. 13. E. Roberts, Philadelphia Dec. 31: Tan-
NOTE-When octagonicrates are used the size of Special to FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER : halves 1.20 to 2.20 Mandarins
and gerines, ; ,
heads and centre piece should be 8 J by 16 inches pf yesterday to-day
and the corners cut off just enough to accommo- show: :of$1.69, $2.17, $2.57$1.66, Market\ shows good demand at $2 to halves, .30 to .80; lemons, 2.00 to 2.30;
date on the bevel a slat two inches wide. This $2.20 averages$ From this we are led $3; choice straight lots averaging about grape fruit, 2.50; bright, 1.00 to 1.60;

will described give the above.same capacity the square crate to hope that the tide has turned and bet- $2.50. SNOW & Co. i russet, .80 to 1.80. -

ter prices will prevail. Same, Jan. 4: Tangerines, halves, 1.40;
We trust that the. above presentationof Shipments continue as last reportedand CHICAGO, Jan. 14. Mandarins, .95 to 1.20; bright 1.70; russet -

facts and suggestions will enable fruit less decay is showing up. Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: 1.40 to 1.70.
and vegetable growers to appreciate the Barnett Bros., Chicago, Jan. 4: Bright,
Good, sound, choice to fancy, 176 to Brights average $2.30; Russets, $2;
importance of prompt and concerted action 200 size, is selling $2.25 to $3. Fair to Tangerines, $3 per case. 1.45 to 1.55; russet, 1.50 to 1.00.Questions .
in this matter the immediate
; adop- good brights, same sizes, selling $1.75 to :M. GEORGE & Co. .
tion of of
packages standard size as set j
$2.25, and choice russets about the same and Replies.
forth above will certainly place the busi- .
ness of shipping and distributing these in light demand, strictly LIVERPOOL, Dec. 23. 339. GAS LIME.-L. G. S., Seminole,

goods upon a better and more satisfac- fancy selling 4 to $6, rusty and medium We confirm our reports of the 16th Fla. You can get gas lime from the
inst. and beg to advise that about
tory basis than ever before. you Co.
grades, $1.50 to -$2.50. Mandarins\ best, Paine Fertilizer of Jacksonville.We .
For the Fruit and Produce Association $2.20 to $3; ordinary to common, $1 to 300 boxes of Floridas were offered to-day have had no experience in the use
and sold for 9s. to 14s. but the marketwas
of New York. 175. Grape fruit, slow sale $1 to 2. of it as a preventive of fleas and jiggers,

,John Nix, J. H. KJllough, Wm. J. Navels, wanted if fancy, $3 to $3.50; fair extremely that dull, it being so all closeon but it would probably be effectual for

Phillips, S. B. Downes, Committee.LowestThermometer to good, $1.75 to $2.50. No demand for Christmas buyers are sup- awhile.
are arriving In
lemons.At enormous quantities and prices are suffering 340. TOBACCO STE IS.-T. S. & Co.,

_Readings.Mr. rate fruit is now going forward we in Wishing the Starke. The plug or smoking tobacco
estimate there will be about one and a consequence. you would probably have a little more nitro-
E. R. Demain, of the U. S. Signal Service, compliments of the season, we remain
million boxes still the Jan- tobacco but not
half on trees gen than the cigar so
kindly furnishes the following table of temperatures yours respectfully,
31st. much potash. The potash is especially
for four in L. CONNOLLY & Co.
days January: The steamship, "John G. Christopher," valuable in fruit-growing. The differ-

is expected here on Thursday, January14th ence between the tO grades of tobaccoas
3 4 7 8 and will }probably sail for New ST. Louis, Jan. 11. fertilizers is not important. The

York on Friday, January 15th, p. m. Mexican, per box, 82.50 to 2.75;Florida composition of tobacco would dependmore

Fort George.. ...... .......... 35 33 33 32 brights, per box, $2.00 to 2.50; Florida on the soil and the fertilizers em-
lIawthorne........ ... .......... .34 26 34 33 russets, per box $1.90 to 2.25. ployed in its cultivation than on the
Amdia.......... ............. 34 0 33 30 PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 9. Tangerines-Per /box, $2.00 to 2.25.
Citra ............ ....... ......... .34 32 39 i7 last of offerings and grade.
Lawt y............ ............. 32 25 32 26EarletoA. Since our report, receipts Grape Fruit-Large 341. DWARF ORANGES.-A. J. A.,
...........',. .J4. 233 30 27 Florida oranges have been much easier light demand at $2.00 to 2.50 per box. Orlando. The dwarf referto
Tallahassee................ ,23 27 27 29 and in much better order and have soldon The first strawberries of the season oranges in Jacksonville you

.Eustis .... .... .................. 36 30 22 35.S 34 31 32Candler arrival at considerably advanced came in unusually early this year, a several years were planted ago were on Otaheite .
........................ 28 3B 34 36Brooksville. prices and we think from now on, if small lot getting in last Sunday to P. M. stocks and the result was of no value.
...... ... .. .. & Co. from Florida. The Florida
... .. .. 43 33 40.5 41 shippers will not force shipments too Kiely
- S1. Petet'sburg.................. 42 35 42 43 much market will remain in a yield from all accounts will not be large We do not know of any one who has
Ft. Meade........................ 39 22 37 2STitusville our fruited the orange on the trifoliate stock
..... ................. 40 3 S 39 38 healthy condition. Mandarins and Tan this season.A yet, but Reasoner Bros., of Oneco, Fla.,
: ,
. Orange City .................... 3S 25 35 30Chipley gerines are plenty and prices remain leading orange-dfaler: I tell you for sale. We
........... .............. ... ....29 31 There is demand for the orange-growing is spreading in have trees on this stock
Orlando. .............."......... 38 35 38 38 easy. a very goOd way its culture the do not know of any one who has workedthe
Pensacola....................... 34 42 31 34 new vegetables if good, but poor stock the States adapted to lemon on this stock. Write to
.. 42 31 43 40 won't pay to ship to our market: duringthe fruit, in a few years, will not pay over
A. L. Duncan Dun-
.... ........... markets Reasoner Bros. or ,
Gain9sville. ... 25 26 28 29 winter months. We ouote Oranges, freight charges to the principal
Archer..... ...................... 30 22 29 25 and East. Unless general de- edin, Fla.
Ocala.............. ............. 35 27 35 32 fancy bright, straight lines, 2.25 to 2.50, North a .
Umatil1a......................... 32 29 33 34 with selected counts ranging 2.50 to 2.75, cline in rates arise, something railroadmen
Tarpon Sprlngs................. 43 33 39 ; 34 and all large, 1.90; to 2.20. Choice, declare is impossible, two-thirds of Usually such things as are advertised possessno
IlDiak.................;....... be value. But who would say that Dr. Bull'scough
32 44 30 30 ordin- the five hence cannot
Homeland..... .......... ..... 41 26 41' 30 bright, straight lines, 2.00 to 2.25; output years Syrup possesses no merit? It is the stand-
'ytoI1a......... ............:.... 31 23' .33t 29 ary, 1.65 to 1.80. Fancy russets, straight profitably marketed. The only hope of ard remedy of our age. Price, 25 cents a bottle.

". .

-. ." : .. ,..


-. ....

: ;,- .
: -' ;:::{'''''->:
'. .', -

.sr 'y "
";- p. ;'''''' -.. ,
,. '
mji. :- >'"t" '.--...



and his work stopped, and his wages Mr. N. W. Pitts his island
Our youn Foll\s. with it, and I'd doctor bills and all." NEWS fKODAKs. on
44 home, has cross budded and now
No that she didn't cried
a voice
A Noble Girl. from the crowd. 4I I'm knowing to her raises a beautiful new lime. It is a

hon st}." small lime, and formed like the Navel

dollars"What only! Forty for trimmings dollars !more My\ ?mother Forty "Afld he'd better be off with his cc You press theY orange, and possessing its peculiarityof

never spent so much on any dress. And cart," cried a man who had stalked out : growth, and the peel is removedas
of the entry of the house near which the fatten, that of
you have the dress. J hate to seem cross, a Tangerine orange. In
dear but with business crowd had gathered, rolling up his fact it
my so many menfailing might be well called the "Tan-
sleevos. do tilt
every day, one sees the wisdomof we rest. gerine lime. It is of a delightfulodor

economy. Explain, my dear." Look here, good people," exclaimedthe fine flavor and delicate

"Well, papa," said Emma, "it is just man who held the machine, "I Seven Sew Styles and Sizes very
this. Madame Farine says that I need don't want to do this. I obey orders or ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Films. pulp. The peel is soft and of the

ten yards of a trimming at four dollarsa lose my place and by bread and butter. For sale by all Photo. Stock Dealers. usual l color.-I. R. Advocate.

yard. There were other things to get. She'd better go to the boss and talk to THE EASTMAN COMPANY, ..-

I'm ashamed to ask, but I was obligedto him-not to me." Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER.N. Y. NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY.
do so." 44 I've been," said the woman. He'smade --"-
of stone. I told him he'd IN COUNTY JUDGE'S COURT, \
well -
"Very replied the
The orange packing houses of DUVALCOUNTT, FLORIDA.)
merchant. "There is He will. There what is the use of
the money, but I WHEREAS, Chas W. DaCosta, administrator
. don't think you'll need any more before my fighting like a drunken body in the Messrs. Lovell and Hartshorn, E. VV I of the estate of Geo. C. Goodrich, deceased,
Christmas. Times are not good, street-a decent woman 1 They've more Leybourne and Mr. Usner are againin late of the county aforc aid, having filed in the
you office of the County Judge of said a writ-
know, and-dear me! Forty dollars for than the worth of the thing now, God full operation. Oranges are ad- ten suggestion of the insolvency of county said estate

trimming! Women are getting worse knows; but they've the power. Takeit. vancing, and it is hoped that our notice is hereby given to all persons having claims
than ever." ." And she let go her hold and of any nature whatever against said estate to file
packers may recover the losses sus- the same, duly authenticated, in the office of
\ Emma Rome slipped the roll of bills covered her eyes with her hands. Judge of said county on or before the 8th
tained result of Count
as a an overstocked April A. D., 1892/ ,at which time there will
into her with that it But in the place of these red
purse a feeling was rough{ ,
market. About all the inferior fruit be a pro rata payment to creditors entitled thereto -
dearly bought; but fate had placed so fingers, others, dainty and small, and and the administrator discharged.
many women in the condition of beg- well gloved, came down upon the cover we understand, has been cleaned up, Witness my name as County Judge of said
gars, and it is so customary to do as of the machine. Emma Rome had and it is confidently predicted that county, this iSth day of September W. B., A.OWEN D., 189/ ,!.

Emma did, that she almost wondered at pressed forward, and now spoke:- the remainder of the crop will bring tat-6m _ County Judge.
the pang which shot through her heart. Stop," she said. Will you let this good prices.-Gainesville Sun.
Besides her father seemed to forget the Notice of Incorporation.Notice .
woman keep her machine if I
pay you
matter soon, and she knew that he was ten dollars ? The dwellers on the Florida Keysare is hereby given that the undersigned
called rich-that, actually, forty dollarswas much exasperated at the constant persons have formed a corporation under the
Them's the boss's. orders, Miss, general incorporation law of the State of Florida.
but a small sum for him. So, break- replied the man, "and I'd be glad to do theft of their Sisal by Bahamians, who The name of this corporation shall be "Sprague.
fast over, and Mr.\ Rome off for mysterious it too.1' visit the stealth and Duncan & Hutchinson, Limited." IU prinapalplace
Keys by
carry of business in shall be in
regions known as "down town she Florida Jacksonville -
dressed herself Then, while the crowd gathered close, away boat loads of the plant. Sisal Duval county, Florida. It shall also have
becomingly and started and the woman who had told her piteous places of business in New York City and else-
1 on her shopping expedition. On the tale sobbed with joy, Emma drew the was introduced from Yucatan about where in the United States and abroad. The
thoughts of her new dress fifty and luxuriantly general nature of the business to be transactedis
way ran now
sum named from her purse, received a years ago, grows consulting electrical engineering; the promotion -
through her mind. She intended to wear receipt, which she gave to the poor woman among the Keys, especially construction, management, purchase sale
it on an occasion which to her seemed and experienced for the first time in the of etc., of electrical undertakings and securities ofall
neighborhood Biscayne Bay.
kinds and such other business be incidental
very important. Some one was to be as may -
the delight which the performance of an Its cultivation was seriously interfered thereto. The amount of the capital
whose she
present opinion utterly unselfish act Lrings with it. stock authorized is $50,000 in SOO shares of $roo
,one she herself admired very much. Moreover\ when the machine had been with by the civil war, but there are each. The terms and conditions upon which it
Did he admire her? is to be paid in shall be upon call of the directors.
borne magnificent undeveloped possibilitiesin
up stairs, Emma, wh had ex- This corporation shall commence at once, and
She had'asked herself the questionover changed a few words with its owner, it. Yucatan last year exportedsisal terminate on the J st day of May, A. D. 1925. The
and over again. She had even followed her to her miserable room,noted to the value of $7,000,000 and business of the company shall be conducted by a
board of four directors who shall be elected at
pulled away the j petals of a margueriteone its poverty, heard all the bitter tale. It owes her wealth in the product to the annual meeting of the stockholders, which
by one, counting them as they fell was a true one-the hot tears told that. I shall be held at such time as the by-laws may
with the words: "He loves-lie loves me "But I don't mind anything now, i cheap labor.-Wakulla News. provide. The highest amount of indebtedness to
not." And there which the corporation can at any time subject
were to be many hand- Miss\ sobbed the narrator. "Now the itself is one million dollars. The undersignedshall
some girls present, and she was not vain. machine is my very own, I don't mind :Many Persons are broken compose its first Board of Directors, who
Oh! she must look as well as possible. how hard I work. And the only great down from overwork or kdOsdjold cares. shall serve until their successors are elected.FRANK .

Thus absorbed, she suddenly found tug is the landlord-four dollars month Brown's Iron Bitters B bailds the Louis DUNCAN J. SPRAGUE, ,
herself several blocks below her destina- for rent." system, aid digestion-' *emoTeOeue1 of bile, ALFRED BISHOP MASON,

tion. There was nothing for it but to "As much a month as a yard of that and cures malaria txthe genuine. 12-17-51 CARYT.l1UTCHINSON,

walk back, and the way lay through trimming," thought Emma, with a little

streets filled with miserable tenant pang.She. i ia2
houses. The fashionable girl hurried questioned the woman further,
.along until all at once she found a sort and found that her landlord "lived down Dijif DI D S
of barricade across the street. The middle stairs." And before she turned from the

object of this barricade was a sewing door she emptied her purse and had paid

machine, to which on one side clung:: three months' rent in advance. .

woman, on the other a man. The "Your husband will be well and at :z Brilliant !
woman was crying; the tears splashed work by that time," she said; and there F ,
down on her hands. An attendant j we.ro: no regrets for the lost fringe as she
crowd of residents contemplated this took her way homeward. Nay, she was Durable !
not even stung to the soul when Madame\
: scene with interest, and Emma Rome
became perforce one of their number. Farine remarked, with a glance that said : Economical !I-

Scarcely ever in her life before had volumes
Emma Rome been in close contact with "The black lace from your old grena-

actual misery. Poor, to her, simply dine dress" ? Certainly, since it is your Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength, Purity, and Fastness. None other an

meant not rich. Now she was amongstrags taste. just as good. Beware of imitations, because they are made of cheap and inferior material

and dirt and misery, forced to stand The dress was not unbecoming, despitethe and give poor, weak, crocky colors. To be sure of success use only the DlAMOXD DYES
refurnished lace, and Emma wore it
still for moment and look at it. At
a for Dresses Stockings Yarns Carpets, Feathers, Ribbons, &c., &C We warrant
first, the only emotion it excited was to the party. She was quite conscious coloring ,
disgust. But as she was about to seek a that every woman of her acquaintanceknew them to color more goods, package for package, than any other dyes ever made and to girt

passage through the squalid crowd, what the dress was trimmed with, more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.

words fell her ear that arrestedher but her conscience whispered to her that for coloring Photos.,making the finest We or Blnfcg
upon had \ Send portal for Dye Book,Sample Card,direction
she done right. Moreover, the lightof Address
attention. (10 cents a quart), etc. Sold by Drngptt
the better thought was on her face.
Forty dollars I've paid you on that & CO. Burlington Vt.DIAMOND .
Somehow Arthur Maine\ found himself WELLS, RICHARDSON ,
machine, and now you'll not give me
more than ever before attracted by it, Gold, IIl-uc', Bronae
time. I only ask time. I'm an honest For Gilding or BroDdnC
and as she drove home that night, Emma Fancy Articles. USE Conner. Only 10 Ceuta
woman. I'll Man do
pay you. you
felt the which had said to ------
know it's all there is between and marguerite
us fjiiiiiuiiiiiinmmnniiiinniiiiiiiiiiiniiuiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiii niiiiiiiniiiiiiiiHlf
her "he loves' had been no false prophet.

actual back.starvation It's but? Let ten me dollars have I owe the :: < Not if the farmer throws it away. Not :E:

you.thin' Charles Hart had the earliest straw- : :: iVioney A 1 n if he spends an hour on a row ofWheel onionswhich S

"You've owed that two months," re- berries at Eustis. I C the "Planet Jr. Hoe -

plied the man.u let go, missus.I :: would do better in six minutes. Not if ::
Farming? he takes half hour to "set" his old 5
don't want to hurt you. I've got to | an
J.obey orders. Money or the machine'was I CURE FITS cultivator when he could change a = !
what the boss said." :: "Planet Jr." without stopping his horse. Not if he wastes his seed in = l
When I say core I do not mean merely to atop them thick and then his in when he both =
But the woman did not relinquish her = sowing time thinning, might save
for a time and then hare them return again. I meAD a
hold. Still clutching the machine, she radical core. I hare m&da the disease of FITS, EPI- :: with the new Hill-Dropping Drill. Money lies in raising double :: .
turned her agonizing eyes upon the by- LEPSY or FALLING SICKNESS life-lone etndy. I = the stuff at half the cost. It can be done. = I
standers. warrant my remedy to core the worst cases Because :: The Planet Jr." Catalogue costs nothing. Doing without it is expensive =
others hare faDed is no reason for not now receiving a
44 "
Forty dollars, she repeated, U and cure. Send at once for a treatise and a Free Battle of C Write for the latest there are new tools.

the machine but fifty, and he's taking it. mj infallible remedy. Give Express and Post Office. :: S. L. ALLEN 6. CO., 1107 Market St., Philadelphia. j=

I never, failed _until Jim_ broke his leg, n. G. ROOT, M. C., 183 Pearl St., N. Y. :iiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii *



.. -
-- \ .W'h r- ?

'. r '''''' '''' .
.. ..Mo'r ,. .,. '"
:...., ,


.. ..

help. Have your kitchen the nicest There is nothing in curds or even in Pleading the Cause of the Silent.

QUIt I izal )fiome! and cleanest room in the house. A milk that appeals to the sense of tost The St. Augustine Humane societyis

place for everything and everythingin in a well marked case of hunger. No silently accomplishing much excel-

Six O'clock Dinners. its place; have it so nice you will one, not even the strongest, could enter lent work in the cause of the dumb

For Our Rural Home. be fonder of eating there than anywhere upon a course of diet of milk or animals and children and also, with

The light of the home is a cheerful, else. It will save a lot of milk and whisky or brandy without an the aid of the county and city author-

singing woman and the pattering of work. Train; your husband so he will immediate impairment of strength, ities, alleviating the sufferings of the

little feet and prattling of children's draw all the water and keep your because of its difficulty of digestion. poor. The society has had printedfor

voices. How can you enjoy them i if wood box full ot nice seasoned hard- Is a stomach enfeebled by a general distribution throughout the State

the wife is to be made a drudge? wood-just as easy to have it as pine. disease any better able to so digest as copies of the act of the legislature pro-

Under the present dispensation of And if you don't know how to make to maintain strength? tecting birds of plumage from the

three warm meals a day and dishwashing good soups and gravies and sauces, The writer has not given milk in ravages of pothunters and those who

and ironing and house clean- learn how and don't-stop till you do. any case of acute sickness for many make a practice of robbing-the Stateof

ing the majority:: of married womenare You can do it if you will and take pleasure years. This withheld, there is little one of its chief beauties-birds of

drudges. In case of the abilityto in it. danger of other foods being enforced song and plumage. The society is

hire servants, there are exceptions; I remember very well when "we to an undue taxing of the stomach steadily increasing in strength, in

s but as a rule we are not able to hire uns" first commenced housekeeping the uniform aversion to all solids being membership and a determination to

servants and cannot get such as we nearly forty years ago. From camp. the safeguard. He has found i it punish violaters of the State laws and

would have in the country if we were. ing out in the West I had learned to entirely safe, even in fevers, to await humanity.-Correspondent T.-U.

There is a great complaint of want be a good meat cook, but my wife, the normal appetite before feeding; the 4." ,
of sociability in Florida. Now, let just from school, knew absolutely reliance for maintaining the strength Pineapple Custard.

us reason together. If a woman gets nothing. But she was plucky and in being on the tissues, aided by such Half a gallon of milk in a bucket and
up at a reasonable time and preparesthe earnest. She bought a cook book drinks as nature calls for with no obscure set it into a kettle which has a little boil-
ing water in it, as the custard is apt to
breakfast, cooks it, sets the table, and commenced at the first thing and language. And a striking thing burn if next to the fire. Add one coffee.
removes the things to the kitchen, she cooked and pickled and preserved, has been observed in cases so treated, cupful of white sugar; have the yolks of
washes the dishes and pans, puts her jellied and made sauces and graviesand and that is, an increase of strength as i six eggs beaten very light; when the
kitchen in order, makes the beds, soups, clear through to the end. the acute symptoms subside, and while milk is scalding hot stir in the yolks. Do
not let it boil too long. Whip the whites
sweeps out the house and porches and She never made a failure at anythingbut still on tissue support. Whatever of. to a stiff froth and stir lightly through .

part of the yard, washes and dresses a molasses pie. She says to this day seeming absurdity there may be in this the custard. Set it away and when perfectly -
the children, churns and does lots of she made no failure; the failurewas statement, the fact is clearly within cold add a quart of chopped pineapple -

other things men don't think about, in the inventor. Housekeepingought easy reach of demonstration by any and more sugar if necessary.-

what time do you suppose it is? Why, to be a pleasure instead of a who have care of the sick.A Virginia. l-.H _

its time to commence that warm din- drudgery. CHAS. W. CAMPBELL, Sr. rigid adherence to this method The theory is now advanced by em.

ner you don't deserve, for you can .. has not been attended by such fatalityas inent physicians that too much meat

eat a cold lunch just as well if you Feeding the Sick.It to excite public attention.-E. H. in the way of diet, is, in many cases,

will. And if I were your wife I'd is a fact beyond all questionthat DEWEY, M. D., in Scientific American. the cause of pneumonia; and there is

see that you did it. Now, repeat this there is a progressive loss in no doubt that this theory is correct.

cooking and dish washing and tidyingup weight in all cases of acute sickness New England e.Baked* Beans. Heavy meat eating causes plethora,

caused by getting dinner, and see until a normal appetite is regained or For Our Rural Home. and plethoric people are peculiarly

what time you get through with it in death occurs. Not all the resourcesof Take one of nice white beansI subject to the taking of sudden colds,
the afternoon, particularly if there is medical science have thus far quart and these run into pneumonia. Eat
do beans
( not mean gray as they are
a baby and two or three children to served, perhaps, in the least, to avert too aged. I always like beans to sparingly of meats, and moderately of

look after, and in addition have your this loss. look white as that denotes other foods, and you will, with proper
ironing and sewing to do. You will If foods cannot be so "handled" by that very wash thor- caution, rarely take cold; and without
they are new),
through this in about time to the sick to this waste is it
get just as prevent oughly first and then put them on to colds you cannot have pneumonia.
get supper. Then comes more cook not barely possible that they are not > % \ '
scald. Boil from ten to fifteen min-
ing and table setting and sweepingand digested and assimilated? Is not this Down in Orange Bend .there is a {.
utes. Pour off that water and
dish washing and general clean. inference still stronger in the light of fresh and let them boil till they put cow which not only gives three gal'

irg up of the kitchen, and then what the numerous cases on record (and in on to crack the skins. Then add Ions of milk per day but, positively,.
time is it? Why it's time to go to the experience of every physician]) begin the milk is so rich in cream there is-
dessert of salt four of
bed-the whole day spent in cooking, where life has been sustained for very one spoon sugar, no need for churning it for butter.
six of good molasses is better anda
dish washing, scrubbing and sweep- long periods without any ability take or slice of salt pork or ham as ,largeas After the milk is placed in pans, it is
food, perfect recoveries ultimately occurring allowed to remain until the cream rises
ing.Do from the palm of hand to the '
you think a man could exercise ? your and becomes firm, when it is skimmedand
end of fingers. Be sure that the
patience and perseverance sufficientto Either nature has been guilty'of an your the plain cream is used for butter.
is not a chunk but a slice. Put
do all this? Why, no, he won't do I enormous blunder in causing such in- pork The cow is Floridastock and is owned
this all in tight covered bean
half so much, without two or three tense aversion to all ordinary foods, a pot, by Capt. A. P. Roberts, who furnishesus
with water and in the
others to help him. This is a. fact, when the need to "support the cover put oven the above information. There is
and bake slowly for four hours or
and you see it every day right before strength" seems so pressing, or enforced if cooked for the next day let them, good stock in Florida-horses, cows,
Now there is remedyfor feeding is a blunder. and of and
your eyes. a in the all night. Look at hogs plenty good poultry
all this, and an easy one-if you Except in the use of milk, it is not stay other good things. And there is good
them in while when the oven
: once a
will it-and will be surprisedhow to administer food in here fertilizers
you possible any farming phosphates,
is hot and see if the water is not done
readily your husband will fall in quantities to meet the seeming need. etc., etc. There is money to be made
all out they want to be moist when
with it, and that is, do away with But is milk a fit food for any case of done.I as here, and made by the people who

these noun dinners and substitute a severe sickness or in any case where live here and know how to make it,
often cook beans for a
cold lunch which can be prepared at the appetite is lost? It is safe to assert Sunday if they only will do it-by fine stock
dinner and leave them in all night
breakfast with no greater labor. You that not a hundred families America raising, for instance.-Leesburg Com
after doing Saturday's baking and .
will have time to be sociable and to would or could object to its use in any my mercial.lull'sPills.
all the afternoon too with a slow fire.
read and study and polish up, and case when prescribed by a physician.It .
sing.Now is, perhaps, as safe to assert that NEW ENGLAND JOHNNY CAKE.

I like a good warm dinner, not a hundred intelligent families One quart of sour milk, two even

I reckon, as well as any man living, would object to feeding their sick teaspoonfuls of soda or saleratus, one '

but I like it best at 6 o'clock, and I the equivalent of the milk ration in heaped tablespoonful of lard, melted,

enjoy my lunch at noon, even if it is tough curds, swallowed whole. Milks I one half cup sugar, one teaspoonful

nothing but bread and butter and reduced to the form of tough curdsat salt, one cup flour, nearly three cups

milk. There are other reasons why one stage of digestion; hence it af corn meal. You will have to use CURE CONSTIPATION.Te .

6 o'clock dinners are best. At that would seem that it should always be your judgment about the quantity of

hour the worry and bustle of the day administered, if at all, in this form to meal, as in some cases the finer part flar enjoy eradiations health one every Bhonld twenty hare four rep

are over and you can take time to ,eat 'the sick in order to be duly masticated; of the meal is sifted out, and if so it "aan. The evil, both mental anaphysical

and talk and laugh and enjoy a good fine particles certainly being more takes less meal to thicken the batter. ,resulting front

dinner as civilized people ought but easily digestible than large masses. You need to have the batter just thin HABITUAL CONSTIPATION

you cannot do so in the middle of the But who would feed curds to the sick, enough to spread evenly on the tin of an this many common and serlon trouble,For TaU the' Liver oars

day and keep your farm work goingtoo. even if milk is the highest type of when poured in, and then your cake Pill*har. ;ealned popularity nalltied. ,. ,

To make things pleasant and food, and particularly if they have will not be too hard. Bake in a rather SOLD Elegantly.agarcoated.EVERYWHEUB.

easy, let every body'lend a hand and 'been soaked in brandy or whisky? quick. oven. ,. i ,


... ... .
'-::'- ;";' .
4 ..
.> ',' ".

r'' "-

is r

.'..' ,. .' .. :r'" > ....- .





$ OF THE} STATE 1AftMERS flliltlflflCE RflD iHDUSTRlflliYoLVL UNION.

: Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 2.

"Modern Political Economy." to mother is two, and you see one and. economy you put up some other fel of those animals which are bound to the
Editor Alliance Department: two makes three." low's bonds as security and make you Cracker heart by ties stronger than

For the last month or two HerschelP. The old farmer, though he had not own money at o per cent. You can those of kinship, more sacred than
Walker, A.M., has been replyingto read "reform literature," had too use what you need and leave the bal those of religion. Let the head of

Dudley W. Adams, farmer. He much good common sense to argue ance at io per cent. to those fellows this creature occupy two-thirds of its
sees and treats the subject from the with an A.M., so he quietly put one who have not got on to this"modern entire length, and its body be so thinit
standpoint of an A.M. I looked upon chicken on the mother's plate and an- racket-National Bank.I will not cast a shadow when the sun '1
and treated the subject from the stand other on his own, and allowed the am going to start in right now. ]I is near the meridian. Close by let ,

point of a plain farmer. Hence he A.M. to help himself to the third. I shall send to Mr. Walker, A. M., and there be represented the owner of this 1

looks upon the question through the That was a farmer's logic. borrow a few of his government bonds. enchanting creature, a specimen of
eyes of f the doctrinaire, while I view it But I digress. I said I am now Just around here they are a little scarceon homo sapiens variety Crackeribus

through the eyes of a practical. every learning modern political economy. I account of the peach business. standing with a far-away 'look in his I
day, working farmer. He sees this am. I am learning it from Mr. But Mr. Walker, A. M., having eye, consulting the moon to learn if it

question from the professional side, I Walker, A.M., and as I am naturallyof probed this subject of finance to the is yet time to plant peas or dig pota- .
view it from the practical side. That. a very practical turn of mind I bottom, has no doubt made good toes, the while he agitates the pulcx
is why we differ. I mean to make it useful to myself and practical use .of true financial knowl- irritans congregated between his

Mr. Walker, A.M., has made the set an example for my Alliance brothers. edge and has plenty. Of course he shoulder blades by oscillating his vertebrae -
discovery that I am not'a "student of The teachings of Mr. Walker, I is a successful financier or he would at right angles to the axis of a
of reform literature" and that I have A.M., when practiced, will "knock I not presume to be teaching finance.A clabber sapling. Let the counte-
not fathomed the depths of "modern out" the Sub-treasury Bill in one disciple of Dunning no doubt nance of the porcine pet express deep
political economy." He makes that round. It is the long sought "some has proved a practical financial suc- study over the problem of the easiest

announcement with the air of a man thing better." Yes, the Sub-treasury cess and will take pleasure in loaning way to enter an adjacent "tater"

who has found out something that no is a back number; henceforth it will his government bonds to a poor Alli- patch-whether to burrow under,

one else has noticed. I am willing to be advocated by no one who is "up"in anceman who, he says, has not studied climb over, squeeze through a knot
admit, for the sake of argument, that reform literature. It is clumsy and "modern political economy." Hav- hole or tear down the fence. That

he is the first discoverer of that fact.I inefficient compared to the ways made ing borrowed the necessary govern she will get in some way goes without
am willing to admit that I have not known in the "modern political econ ment bonds of Mr. Walker, A. M., I saying. Opposite these let there be
let comprehended all the abstruse ram- omy." I am going into the. modern shall send them to the U. S. treasury, : one of those things which the native
ifications of "modern political econ- political economy business at once. start my National Bank and at once 1 will sell to the new settler as a good
omy," but I am learning. My duty as an Alliance official requires "issue enough currency to do business on milk cow, with the owner's better-half
that I should the cash basis." That's the the lacteal
set reservoirs
example.I a way I am emptying in a
All along I have been laboring under -
the delusion that when a laborer am employing a number of men going to get goods for my store. Why half pint cup. And around the wallsof
and have been foolish enough to pay isn't that a good scheme? this cabinet let there be printed in
higher in money and when
got the goods he wages bought with that them with checks on a National Bank. Wake up, brother Alliancemen! plain letters and in all languages, that
money As act of benevolence this "modern specimen of backwoods
were cheaper his labor was thus better an my menI Study political econ- legislation,
will cut down their Then I Borrow known the Florida Fence
wages. omy. some goverment as Law,
'paid and his condition was improved.The .
will start a store and sell them goodsat bonds, start a National Bank and which, stripped of all mystifying legal
"modern political economy, a big price. I shall charge a big then "issue enough currency to do verbiage, will inform the reader that
as taught by Mr. Walker, A.M., dispels price for the goods to the men, for your businessmen a cash basis," as demanded should he wish to settle in Florida

that delusion and proves that high Mr. Walker, A.M., says that "Where by the Ocala platform. Anyone and start a forty-acre truck farm he
wages to the laborer and cheap goods labor is do it. There is will be fine
products are cheap poorly can no class legis compelled to pay a of one
for his money are impossible. Yes, paid," and I don't want it said that lation about it. Every farmer shouldat hundred or more dollars, for the sup-
he proves it. One of the things laborers borrow bonds of such animals those
my are poorly paid. once start a National port as exhib-
studied at the colleges where they Some fellow jumps up and asks Bank and issue enough currency to do ited, or the laws of this State will
make A.M.'s is logic. A man can't "How are you going to get goods to business on a cash basis.I refuse to give him a legal title to his
become an A.M. until he learns logic. supply your store?" Any one who have, in my old-fashioned way of land and turn over all he can raise

They use logic to prove things to asks such a question shows thereby his reasoning, thought the National Bank thereon to the tender mercies of the
be different from what they seem. ignorance of "modern political econ- system had some good features, but apotheosized razorback. -
Mr. Walker, A.M., uses his logicto omy." I will come to that soon. in my most enthusiastic moments I GUY RIVERS.'

prove that when a laborer has his Like some other old fogies I have never dreamed it was to supercedethe We would advise
wages raised and the price of what hew been foolish enough to suppose thatit Sub-treasury scheme as a means troubled our sorely .

buys reduced he is in a bad fix. Yes, required some money to start a of relieving the woes of Alliancemenby of extermination correspondent on the to razorback wage a war

he proves it. He proves it by his National Bank, and that no one coul providing an abundance of elastic war to the knife and the knife to the, a

logic.; This reminds me of a story. become a National Banker unless he'had currency. Good bye, Sub treasury. hilt-if he can find meat enough to
There was an old Quaker farmer in some money to invest in it, and Good morning and welcome, National bury the whole blade in without hav-

Pennsylvania that had a son who was that then the "money power" con Banks, according to "modern political ing it stick out on the other side. In
too smart for a farmer. So this good trolled them; but my reading of recent I economy." DUDLEY W. ADAMS. other words-eat him. But give him

old Quaker sent him to a-college where reform literature by Mr. Walker, Tangerine, Orangs Co., Fla., Jan. 6, 1892. first. Do with him \
they stuff smart boys with logic and A.M., dispels this illusion. This peanuts as Major '
Campbell does use him
,. make them into A.M.'s. In due time brother informs us that all we have to Bristles. as though
loved him fatten him
the boy got full of logic and came do to start a National Bank is to borrow J Editor Alliance Department: you ; a
reasonable degree then butcher and
home from college a full-fledged A.M. a lot of government bonds of ,a I beg to submit to the World's Fair
consume or sell him. The razorbackis
At the first meal at the old farm-house neighbor, deposit them in Washington, I Committee a plan for their considera-
not altogether a bad fellow if he is
the table was graced by a pair of spring start a National Bank, and at once 1 tion. In the first place, let there be treated right Running at large in a
chickens broiled to turn. What constructed cabinet similar
a commence issuing currency. c: a to those half-starved condition and slipping
The made A.M. to could be ? farmer used for natural
new wishing more simple Any 1 history specimens, through a barbed-wire fence he is a
show his smartness, told his old father who is short of money can borrow a 1 1lot but on a scale sufficiently grand to ,
fit subject only for a rifle-ball and a
that there three chickens the of bonds themin how all the
were on government deposit contents as "large as
heap but decently fattened
table and said "he could prove it by the United States Treasury and at I life and twice as natural." In this compost ;
the: flesh of the despised wild hog of
logic." The plain old Quaker, being I once make his own money. Don't abinet let a sculptor of genius, or a the Florida piney woods as have
; we
ignorant of "modern political econ- you see how vastly superior this is to killed taxidermist, be employed, preferably several times made personal, demon.

omy," could only see two and said so. the clumsy old Sub.treasury bill under the latter, to prepare one of ,stration, is the choicest eating.We .
The A.M. did prove that there were which you have to put up your own the: every-day scenes of the piney
three. He said, "Now, father, this | property> as security and then pay two I roods peninsula. In the foreground presume very few truckers orruitgrowers

one.next, you is one- and that.next. .per cent.? By this modern political let] there be a typical specimen of one ,: would complain of a l law

.- ,'-;...:..,.... : -..........,........
H''N Y
>... "Y---'l .
_....... :dus":, <,

1 ,

-' .-. / Iz-
: -
::: LJi r4 I i.

.* 44%:' "'r .' .. - --: -
.. ", j wwJANUARY
,, ; 7 w-


.. .

compelling them to fence against cat were a menace to the liberties of his peo- were published in the interests of the RICH FLORIDA LANDS.

tIe, but to be obliged to fence againstthe ple. To-day the Democrats endorse the farmers and the laboring classes. His
system, and say that the governmenthas remarks were listened to by the audience
hog is an onerous burden and the right to "farm out" to corpOra- with earnest attention, and some of his

ought not to be exacted by statute. tions the right to make money. We are most telling points were greeted with

Cattle and sheep find enough forageeven not fi hting men, but the measures that hearty applause.
in the wire.grass to justify the have introduced such a system of black Hon. vv. D. Condon followed :Mr. Bas-
law in them mail upon a free people. We demand kin with an earnest and telling argu-
permitting to range at sub-treasuries. Why do the subsidized ment in favor of the sub-treasury plan. 1y
large; but the hog finds so little there, press fight the sub-treasury plan? Be- He also made a strong appeal to the

and that little is so liable to cause the cause it would be a death blow to the members of Shady Grove Alliance to attend -

cholera by Sits filthy quality, that money-power. They "howl" about "fiat their meetings regularly.
there is in money. That's what we want. That's Editor Sutton of the Ocala Demands,
no reason or right a statute
what and what Section 4 of the Ocala demandsand
just we say, just we spoke on i -
requires soil-tillers to fence mean. What is a bank note? It is a proved conclusively that England

against the half-starved animal] to promise to pay. What right has the having failed twice to conquer this

enable him to get the benefit of the bank to issue that note? Is its promiseto country, was now engaged in the more

disease breeding vermin of the woods pay any better than that of the gov- economical plan of buying it up by
and, ED. ernment would be? The government has piecemeal.
swamps.- no right to delegate to any corporationor Mr. Wm. Dehon followed by an expla- .= --
> < bank the right to make money; it is nation of the inside workings of the .

Alliance Rally at Shady Grove.A directly against the Constitution, and if cotton business, and made a telling argument Farmers !
large and enthusiastic meeting of carried, to the Supreme Court, it wouldbe in favor of the Ocala demands.Mr. Stop Think.

the Shady Grove Alliance occurred on declared unconstitutional, providedthat T. J. Robbs was the last speaker, WHY Spend the best years of your.

New Years Day. Many ladies were pres- court could not be bought up by the and although time was getting limited, life cultivating the soils of the frozen
ent, who furnished excellent music for money power. Banks break. There is no he succeeded in condensing much in
the occasion, led by Mr. E. F. Brown more security for depositors in a Na- little. He made some telling shots in North and West raising crops on which

with his violin. The meeting opened tional Bank than in any other banking favor of independent political action, the freight is often not realized, when

with :Mr. S. R. Pyles, as chairman. institution. This is another one the which were rapturously applauded.After you can buy land from undersigned,

The speakers of the day were Hon A. American people hug to their hearts, a song by the choir the meeting rich and fertile as any known lands, -

i P. BASkin, W. D. Condon, B. Sutton, that their money is absolutely safe in a adjourned.-Ocala Demands. and where you can raise a that the
Wm. Dehon and T. J. Dobbs. National Bank. Congress is the only I crop
power that has the right to make and United States Government will pay a
The ladies the exercises For ConstipationUse
opened by coin money. Talk about "fiat" money. BOUNTY of$coo on each acre.
singing the National Hymn. Then followed -
the reading of the Ocala demandsby Seventy cents worth of trickle makes$5 Horsfortl's Acid Phosphate.DR. HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

Mr. Kirke, who introduced the Hon. in value money.and $4.30 That is in, 70"fiat"cents in intrinsic The J. R. FORTSON, Kiowa, Ind. the said crop right there in your home

A. P. Baskin, who proposed to discuss a same in our copper currency.money.If that Ter., says: "I have tried it for consti- market for $250 per acre. You ask for
portion of the demands.We .
kind of "fiat" money is good; why not pation, with success, and think it the "How" and the "Wherefore.."
will endeavor to give a concise re- the in and silver? This trial the
same gold gov- worthy a thorough by profes Quite right-facts and figures count best.
of his Mr. Baskin stated
port speech.
ernment has the right to make legal ten- sion. )
that he had no apology to offer for beingan der treasury notes, to pay taxes, import ; *+t ? Plant the Land with Sugar Cane..
:Alliance man. All people were organ- duties interest the debt etc.
on public ,
ized but the farmers. The bankers,spec- When this government was in its greatest Notice of Incorporation.Notice TO OLD Farmers and careful'perus-

ulators, etc., had their organizations,and need, Abe Lincoln consulted with Dick is hereby given that the undersigned ers of papers, the fact that there is now
the trouble was it looked as though they person have formed a corporation under the
and in tender
Taylor, $60,000,000 legal established near Kissimmee Fla. the
had all general incorporation law of the State of Florida. ,
organized against the farmer and
notes was issued as the result. The name of this incorporation shall be "FloridaCar Cloud is
St. Sugar stale
laboring man. All people live off the These notes were always at par with and ManufacturingCompany.." Its princi- .: Refinery,
farmer. They are the wealth producersof gold. The greenbacks depreciated. Why? pal places busines shall be at Jacksonville and news.Ve are talking to all our

the land. They go forth, fell the for- Because the bankers met and caused a business Green Cove to be Springs.transacted The is general the manufacturing nature of the, : friends. Sugar cane can be raised as .

ests,.plant corn plant cotton, to feed and law to be passed in Congress, making purchase, sale and leasing; of railroad cars, cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
clothe the world. They own 22 per cent. duties in The coaches,rolling stock and railroad equipment of
impost payable gold.
description conducting of a general pay you a bounty of two cents pet poundon
of the assessed property of the United every ;
bonds of the United States were origi- lumber and milling busines,and the general busi- the manufactured The St.
States and pay 80 per cent. of the taxes. nally payable in "coin," that is in silveras ness of manufacturing and repairing1 wagons, sugar.
The Alliance and its organs and princi- well as gold "coin." What did the carriages, vehicles, tools and wood and iron Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,

ples are ridiculed and scorned by the bankers and bondholders do 1 ben, "poor work hold of, buy every, mortgage description or otherwise, including convey the powerto real averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the

other parties and party press of this things?" They demonetized silver in and personal property, ship building of all kinds, acre last :year, and it will go 5,000._ -
country. The Democratic and Republican 1873, causing the most wide-spread and including repairs,also housebuilding of all kinds,
The amount of stock pounds this year.METHODS .
parties have joined forces, and centered worst panic of modern times. Cotton repairs. capital
authorized hundred and fifty thousand
is one
all their strength to "down" the fell from 18 and 20 cents to 10 and 12 ($150,000))dolla ,divided into fifteen hundred(r,5(0)) ? This isn't the only big
Alliance. While they admit that what cents. Gold enriches a few at the expense shares,of one hundred($coo)dollars each. Eighty of life however.
benefits the farmer benefits the whole thousand ($80,000))dollars in the par value of said chance your The
of the and at the
many, expenseof stock shall be payable in the following property .cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee
people, they are not willing to listento every industry in this country. The to-wit: The present established business and gooiwill -
his pleadings, until he has come for- Alliance offers the Ocala demands, as of J. G. and M. C. Blain, Trustees,at Green is to become an assured, profitable
ward and is now making "demands." the panacea for the present evils and de Cove Springs, Fla., as manufacturers of cars, fact. There is no richer or better
rolling stock and other articles including the
The farmers of this country have no pression. We have asked in vain for the machinery buildings, tools, plant, stock, con- truck and market-garden lands in the
friends in the Demo-Republican papersof bankers, speculators, Democrats or Republicans tracts, leases,chases in action, and all other chat-
world than the rich
the United States. They arenot our to better. tels and assets of said trustees now invested or on over
give us bomething
friends. We now study for the best in- They have, ailed to do it. said engaged property in said is business fixed by,the the valuation incorporators of which at flow, or bottom lands about Kissimmee. -

terests of the farmer. Shall we give up The Herald "raise more corn." eighty thousand (($80,000))dollars. The balance of Write, for confirmation, to Col
our organization and cease to exist as says said capital stock: is to be paid in in cash in re- A. K. McClure editor
such? No! A thousand times no! The The Sun says, raise more onions. Tom sponse to such calls as may be made from time to PhiladelphiaTimes
Ocala demands in Norwood, like an honest man, offers time by the direction of the corporation. The who has personal knowledge.Then .
my opinion embody but his is better than highest amount of indebtedness or liability to
something plan
the principles necessary to meet the eXIgencies which the corporation can at any time subject in lands for orange groves, or
of the times. Every party has a the sub-treasury, so we cannot accept it; itself is three hundred and fifty thousand($350,000)) already cultivated or bearing
but we do thank him for his candor and dollars, exclusive of its capital stock. The com- groves ,
platform. In St. Louis these demandswere honesty.Mr. pany shall commence its existence at the time of I can satisfy you that your best interestslie
made and again ratified by the filing with the Secretary of State, of the State of in before
farmers in Ocala. "I put my feet solidlyon : Baskin touched on the goverment Florida,and the county clerks of Duval and Clay seeing me any one else.
of railroads. He said it was counties, Florida,copies of these articles; and its
the Ocala demands, as the platformthat ownership existence shall terminate in ninety-nine-fog)years BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The health
will relieve the farmer and laboringman evident that the people were becoming thereafter, unless lawfully extended. The busi- fulness and beauty of Kissimmeehave
from the many evils that now be- educated up to the point to see the ne- ness of the company shall be conducted by a
set him on every hand." cessity of this. The government has board of three directors who shall be elected at never been questioned. No

Mr. Baskin discussed the First Demand, been liberal to the railroads. She has the shall annual be held meeting at such of the time stockholders as the by-laws, which may diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia

viz: The abolition of National Banks. given them 191,000,000 acres of land. provide. The undersigned shall compose its first -in fact, read our medical
Why? She gave the Pacific railroad $60,000,000 board of directors who shall serve until their
Beautiful villas
control the of bonds, and guaranteed the paymentof successors are elected. report. cottages, or
Because they cimlation of JOHN G. BLAIN,
lots suitable for residences. Write
the currency. When the crops of the the interest for years. The Pacific rail- M. C. BLAIN,
South were to be moved there was not road owes the government$64,000,000 in- 1-7-51 GEO. G. GLEASON. for terms and particulars.

money enough to move these crops. terest. Will the government ever get it? COME SOUTH, And get untold

There was $ ,oooooo lacking conse- It[ is J safe to say-no. quantities of the grandest climate in
quently cotton was low, and oranges The railroads had received from the
were low. A prominent man has said State lands sufficient to pay all the cost FREE TO ALL the world free with each acre of ground

that 10,000,000 people in the United of building and equipping those roads, Our New Ulnstrated! purchased. Come where you can till

States don't pet one good,square meal in and have a surplus of $5,000 per mile, Catalogue Bulbs, Vines of, Shrubs Plant,; the soil twelve months in the year
the year, so it cannot be overproductionthat and still if the farmer wanted a rebateor Ornamental Trees,,!; At least write to me for full particula
causes low prices. Give the people an unjust charge rectified he could Small Fruit, Grape> ;
more money to purchase farm products, not get a hearing. If he went to the Vines,Seeds,etc.,will! WM. CANNON,
and they will have more to eat and wear PresIdent, he sent him to the Vice-Presi- be m Iled Free to all.! Kissimmee Fl i

and prices will be better for the farmers. .dent, from him to the road master, and I M a canta.loopages.oat completePJant!: Agent the for Associated the lands of Railways the Merton lands Companiesfor and.th

The Democrats have always opposed the :so on till his patience was worn out, and Catalogue published.! lands of Kissimmee Land Co.

., National Banks. Gen. Jackson, the ':he went home unheard.Mr. Eatfsfixctlon: Guaranteed. Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trucking
purest Democrat that ever lived, tore : Baskin made an earnest appeal to I 45 GNenhoosts; SO acres. AddreaiIUNZ fruit, grazing, timber, general fanning
them down once with his wonderful will the people, to study out these questions, I A NEUNER,Lomsvma;KT. and home lands. Send for map showing
and strong right arm, knowing they and take such papers and literature that I lands.[


, : -.



We had no killing frost, of course, tendency will be to hold prices up Southern California is freer than any

The Cold V/ave, and our tomato fields are as,green and rather than to lower them. The ex- other,' notwithstanding the occur-

promising as ever. Our pineapplesand cellent, keeping qualities of our' oranges rence of the late storm. Those who

A few flakes of snow Wednesday bananas are growing and fruit- entirely obviates the necessityto have been and are still here for

eve, a very rare occurrence here.- ing in the open air without protectionof ship only fully ripe fruit.-Rural speculation merely, are as a class

Chipley Times. any form, and not a leaf bleached CalifornianThe easily.discouraged, and a few years

or faded. We invite the skeptical cold of Friday night, while ago their spirit was more or less con-
We informed Mr. S. B.
are by and-those desiring to locate where perhaps no more severe than has been tagious, and infected a considerable
Cameron that examination of Mr..
on Jack Frost never comes, to call and experienced here before, was of so percentage of the whole population.While .
farm he
W. Bushnell's
J. pineapple verily the foregoing by their own ob much longer duration as to have affected the speculator may feel like
finds of from the
no injury to speak servation. F. W. INMAN. the orange trees far more than yielding up the ghost, the substantial
late Press.
frost. Ft.
heavy Myers 1 1I I usual. The mercury was below 28 people will redouble their resolutionto
Sunday evening January 3d the
Upon receipt of orders from the i for over ten hours, .a condition of recover from the slight loss that
wind being in the northwest, the mer-
weather bureau, the frost warning fell rapidly. By ten o'clock things unprecedented. The signal has been: sustained, and to developthe
hoisted the cury p. service instruments show 26 in the fullest The
flag was upon armory one country to extent.
m. it was near the freezing point
at last location in the while another and its effect another lessonon
building 1:38: p. m. Saturday, which it soon reached and between valley, storm are
and that the went downto less located records mini- the of houses
night mercury favorably a subject building ona
midnight and morning marked-differing -
38, but no frost resulted, as there according to locality and mum of 22. This is not materially rock.-Rural Californian.
was too much wind. The wind lulled of different from the reports from Red-
quality instrument-from 22 to 28.
and lands and and about the
Sunday night Monday morning Highlands,
Ice was formed in exposed metal
there was considerable frost.Orlando same in all the orange growing sec- ]VIalt e il1
basins, tender plants not covered g.
Reporter.For tions of this county. At Pasadena
killed and fruit especially on the
is and citizens from -
a week past the weather has outer edges of orange trees, damaged.At 24 reported, the A Bit of Experience.Editor .
San Gabriel that the frost
been in a very unsettled state and part first it was thought that a large valley say Farmer and Fi uit-Grower:

of the time unusually cold, doing con- portion of the crop still on the trees did section much, especially damage to all the through trees. that Ontario We send you the following account- i

siderable hurt. Monday morning was destroyedbut investigations show sales:

there was considerable ice, and this the injury is less than was expected.The bra the acknowledges South 26 ,Riverside and Alham-and The fruit was picked, allowed to
was repeated on Thursday and Friday : themselves with the same.
excep- Colton"bad about the same experience. cure two days, then packed and the A
mornings. Orange trees were slightly tion of a few curled leaves have
stencils of two firms placed on the
Indeed the cold has been all
bitten but little injured, and it is be- escaped. This is undoubtedly owingto general boxes where it
the It is too to was impossible to see /
lieved the fruit is not hurt. Young the' shortness of the cold snap. over country. early the /
contents. There were only two
know regarding the effect the
vegetables here received most damage, Hammock groves well protected show fruit but while believe that upon boxes of Russets in the lot, one of ;
and the outdoor flowers that had been but little signs of damage. we con-
siderable of it will be rendered which went to each firm. The first
holding on so tenaciously will bloom Altogether it will but slightly un
very merchantable it is that shipment left Oviedo on the nth of
no more till spring.-Green Cove decrease the prospective shipmentsfrom November.
the injured is mud smaller
Spring. this section, and as the fruit is than rcentage at first. This at Nine boxes went to the Fruit Exchange -

The temperature got down in the universally of fine quality, well rip least,may is the appear usual experience. ,The for which we received returnsof

basemen of the thermometer Monday ened, the increased price will more cloudy sky and cool forenoon following a fraction less than 90 cents per
and considerable is'" than make the loss.-Coast
night damage reported up box net. -
have been the most favorable cqn-
from numerous points through- Gazette. ditions possible, and if a rain shall Six boxes went to the Orange Auc-
out the State. Vegetables were badly tion Co., for which we received the
Recent Weather in California. follow, the harm will have been
in Turnbull hammock and
injured at information that "the Home Marketis
minimized. The of
greatly cause
the shore of the river. Have just seen a special dispatch ina
points on west overstocked and fruit has been
such cold weather in
extremely a section -
Groves Merrill's Island and the California paper stating that heavy "
on on is foundin shipped. Where they did not say,
usually so exempt easily
peninsula, opposite Melbourne, in the losses have been experienced by recent the bitter cold which has prevailedin but we think it must have been the

Narrows, and at Fort Pierce, Ankona frosts. Loss estimated at two the states and territories to the interior of Africa, as we have not

and Eden report no damage.IndianRiver thousand carloads oranges.FloridaFruit Northward. There is reason for con- heard from it yet. The second ship--
Advocate. Exchange Bulletin, Jan. 8. made the of Decem-
gratulation that the taste of Northern ment was on 4th

Everybody was up by times Monday The New York papers are holdingup winter weather which has come to us ber, fifteen boxes, and went to the

morning and walking over their a 5000-carload-California-orange- over the mountains has brought no Exchange for which we received$i.24

tomato farms to see what damage was crop as a bugbear with which to more serious injury to the orchards, and a fraction per box net.

done by the frost, but as usual we are frighten the Florida growers into accepting which are the basis of our prosperity. Sixteen boxes went to the Orange

unhurt here. We have about fifteen lower prices, now that they -Riverside i Press. Auction and these were also shipped,

hundred acres of good tomatoes not have recovered from their rattled con There is no doubt that the late wind I this time to New York. The returns

hurt by frost and about three hundredacres dition of a few weeks ago, and are storm which came over the Sierra came.to-day, 62C. per box net.PHILLIPS .

on low lands that are bitten by shipping only just enough to supply Madre mountains from the Mojave BROS.

it. Clermont is surely the- place for regular demand. The recent storm desert produced considerable damagein Oviedo. .

growing tomatoes. We are shippingnow and the unfavorable weather followingwill restricted areas of the San Fernandoand Some Northern Fruit Auctions."

and will continue to ship from reduce the California output con- San; Gabriel valleys; aside from Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

now on through the season. Now is siderably, and this fact will unques- this the damage was slight or none at "There js tolerably straight infor-

the time for those who are thinking of tionably help to stiffen prices in the all.. The extent was at first greatly mation in Jacksonville that some of

growing tomatoes to come and be con- Atlantic market.-Riverside Press. exaggerated by our own people, and the fruit auction houses in northern

vinced that this is the place. Thereis Every season we are subject, moreor the event will be seized upon by people cities are composed of a number of

no danger of ever getting too many less, to a regular) "Norther"awind in other sections of the State and commission men who buy in the fruit

early tomatoes in the market, for there blowing from the Mojave desert the Nation to disparage Southern for themselves, then sell it at a profit,

are only a few secure places. It may which does more or less damage to California. A misstep of the goodis thus putting three middlemen betweenthe

sound a little off, but we have cucum- particular localities. The one of this always made more of and is more grower and the consumer. Thisis

bers here untouched by the frost.- season did more harm in portions of widely heralded than the same act not a new thing under the sun, butit

Clermont item in Leesburg Commercial. San Gabriel and San Fernando val on the part of a man of indifferent might be interesting to the grower if

). leys though the reports of damage character and reputation. The fact they would send one of their numberup

Under date of January 9, Mr. F.W. dohe to buildings and orchard cropsare that buildings were prostrated will be to look a little into the depravityof

Inman writes us from Winter largely exaggerated. Since these used as proof that the storm was a man."

Haven, Polk Co., as follows: wind storms are annual occurrenceitwas veritable hurricane or cyclone, for Mr. Editor, I have copied your

From the shower of inquiries pour fortunate it did not happen lateron the other fact will not be made to article entire, under the above head-

ing in upon me from all sections of when the orange crop was about appear that during the boom a vast ing from your issue of Dec. xoth,

-- the State and Union relative to the ripe, thereby precipitating an immense amount of shoddy work was done, page 996, because it will be well for

late frosts and freezes I conclude quantity of fruit of an inferior quality and that the construction of frail growers to read it again. It hits sew

that it might interest you and manyof upon the market, causing not_ only an buildings was a part of it. eral nails on their heads at one blow,

your readers to know just how we injury to the reputation of the California Since the collapse of. the boom all but loses much of its force because it

fared in this wonderful lake region. orange in the Eastern markets, except the professional speculatorshave fails to reveal in whose planks the

Therefore I will give you the facts. but depressing prices and causing a gone to work, and as a result nails are stuck.

The'murcury fell to 38 here, while glut. As it is, the "wind falls" are there is greater solidity In the late Could growers know in just what

at Bartow, Tampa, and other points I hardly fit for shipment, and the crop than in the early structures. No cities auction houses of the class referred -

near by it was reported as low as 230. being lessened to just that extent, the country is free from drawbacks, but to were located, they could bey




: .
.. "
I. <;


f on their guard and give them a wide is that the cost from the tree to the car shape of trash that is shipped to get rid There is one other point that might

berth. Unfortunately there are two ready for shipment is forty cents per box. of tt, finds its way to the stands, on the just as well be noted first as last;; it is a
in this city that are made almost This, when done in a first-class manner, street corners, and in the hawkers' and factor and cannot eliminated from the
up will give a small margin for handling.I hucksters' wagons, and are sold at from problem, and that is, a certain amountof
exclusively and embrace nearly all mean by this that the time spent on 15 to 20 cents per dozen. In our own the trade is now being supplied, as it
the commission men of the city. The work shall be fairly paid, and I learn no city some streets are lined with these has been before, through regular channels -
first was started by three commissionmen one in Florida is willing to undertake to fruit peddlers engaged in this great workof where they have thirty days in

(two from one firm) and a "mer do the work in a thoroughly workmanlike fruit distribution. Competition for which to pay for the goods.These parties -
chandise manner for less; consequently I trade, I unhesitatingly say, has reducedthe will not change without an inducement
broker. Some of the other
think I can fairly assume that forty cents cost of distribution to a minimum, and the men who at present hold
commission men were not slow to see per box is a fair estimate. Taking as far as everything is concerned,outsideof their patronage propose to hold that,
. the possibilities and in a few weeks Gainesville as a starting point, the railroad transportation; this I do even though they make concessions in
- a second was organized, oft freight to Chicago is say sixty cents per not pretend to judge. know from actual prices, until the margins absolutely dis:
E which it is out box. This is in carlots for say 300 boxes, figures and experience in this line appear. I am not speaking now in favor
given on unquestioned and the difference in value between of business that fruit is being handledat of any system of consignment or purchases -
authority, nlne-tenths of the commission oranges on the tree and in Chicago is $1 a closer margin, sent farther and at ; I am simply endeavoring to give
; men are members. Its officers per box. greater risks than almost any other arti- the existing state of affairs, l believing
) and board of nine directors are certainly On arrival at Chicago the great bulkOf cle of commerce. that it is always better to give the facts
/ of them. Think of the idea the fruit is offered for sale at auc The question comes up, however, why and not shut one's eyed: to what i is being
tion. The sales are thoroughly adver- not send direct to these interior points said and done.
t of commission men soliciting consign- tised, and buyers are present from every and thereby avoid the charges'at the When oranges are offered to the con-
ments and being at the same time leading house in the city, and brokers central distributing point? Tins question sumer at 30 cents per dozen for standard
pecuniarily interested in an auction who represent the principal cities in the suggests; another: Would anything be sizes, what else can reasonably be doneto
house Men look for dividends for Northwest. The fruit is then sold on saved by this operation? Would not the create a demand
its merits and if for sake I loss before carlots could be sold .
argument's by decay, G.VW. B.\U>
the and hazard of These
use capital. assume that it sells for $2.50 per box, in these small places, more than over- Chicago, 111., Dec. 29 18cJl. I
auction houses have a paid-in capital the first stage in the distribution is balance the difference in charges? As it o ..

+o/., stock. As commission men there is no reached, when the carload is sold, and it now is, a village of one hundred inhab- STATE OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO,
investment-for commodities. Dividends goes into the hands of the dealer. The itants can receive its one to ten boxes of LUCAS COUNTY } SS.
grower receives account-sales with 8 oranges as occasion may require, and J
must be based then amountof
upon per cent commission deducted, which continually replenish from the fresh FRANK L. CHENEY makes'oath that
stock held, or amount of fruit contributed will net him $1.30 per box on the tree. stock on hand at the distributing points, he is the senior partner of the firm of

t either or both. It is known Up to this time he takes no risk what- thereby avoiding the loss that naturallyand F J. CHENEY & Co., doing businessin
that members have bought in the ever for bad debts, losses through defal- inevitably comes where a large quantity the of Toledo and
.identical fruit contributed them cation, or anything except the market is store Time after time the ex- City County
by ,
and the keeping qualities of his fruit; periment has been tried of sending State aforesaid, and that said firm will
possibly because "it was going too and the risk on the last reduced to a through direct in carlots to points that pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED

low and it was for the purpose of pro- minimum shipping in car lots. have a consumptive demand of less than DOLLARS for each and every case

tecting the grower," but who knows? The real work of distribution now twenty-five boxes at a time. I have in of Catarrh that cannot be cured by the
There seems to be no assurance commences. A broker will be in attend- mind one small point in Wisconsin that
ance with an order for 50 boxes to go to had been drawing its supplies of apples use of HALL'S CATARRH CURE.
that fruit commission
consigned men a point say 250: miles from the auction from Chicago. Parties in New \ork FRANK J. CHENEY.
of this city is not practically on the room. He pays $2.50 for the fruit, and State this tall, desiring to ship ap- Sworn to before me and subscribedin

direct road to one or the other of two his brokerage added makes the fruit cost ples to consuming points, opened up my presence, this 6th day of December -
intensely competitive auction houses. $2.60; adding cartage it makes 2.63 f. correspondence with the dealer there, D.
It is of o. b. to the buyer. Assuming that the who stated that he could use one carloadof A. 1.886.
a simple matter justice to
f freight rate will be 20 cents per box, the apples. Instead of sending one car- A. W. GLEASON
add that there are first-class men here goods will cost $2.83 delivered to his load, which could have been sold at a { SEAL } ,

who are doing a commission business point. He then, adding 20 cents per box profit, the party sent two. Another '-v-' Notary Public.Hall's .

purely, having no connection or sym- for his work, charges his small retailer shipper, noticing the destination of the Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
pathy-toleration is the better word- $3.05: say for a box of oranges that is goods sent a third to the same party.
worth on the tree $1.30. Now, a mo- Here was a town that could only prop nally and acts directly upon the blood
with the auction houses and if I
were ment's figuring will show that the freight erly take care of one carload that was and mucous surfaces of the system.
one of them I should make it my charges on these transactions amount to loaded with three. The result is, in or- Send for testimonials, free.F. .

business to acquaint the growers with 80 cents, cartage 3 cents, making; 83 der to sell that fruit before it decays,the J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
that fact early. cents. The middlemen's profit amountsto price has been reduced to less than Chicago -
divided into three different with the that JCSTSold by Druggists, 75 cents.
northern citiesare 55 cents, figures, probability
Now in what other .
amounts, of which the Florida Fruit Exchange one-third of the entire amount shippedwill *
the conditions similar? LAIBA. receione for its support, be lost on account of decay, for distributing The Atlanta Journal has made a new

Cleveland O. agents their amount out of which they facilities are poor from there.It discovery in the oranges sent from this
Even "Laiba" seems to be inclined the auctioneer's fees 2 cent. is this difficulty of regulating the
pay per State to that city. Read what one of
to give the Cleveland auction the broker who selects the goods for the amount that shall go to any particular the Journal's : "How
houses the benefit of the doubt. It distant merchant, and the jobber in the point that affords the strongest argument reporters says
i is quite possible that this devil is not inland city who takes all the risk of for the present mode of distribution. many first-class Florida oranges have
transportation from Chicago,. This sys- The saving to the local dealer, of course. you seen, this winter? Oranges were
black he has been .
as as painted.ED.DISTRIBUTION. tem is practical and economical. If for will be in receiving consignments rather never before so plentiful or so cheap,
the sake of that than ordering direct. How much the "
argument we assume but for the most part they are very
the fruit will run 175 to the box, the grower two thousand miles away will
and the usual standardof
not to
oranges delivered to the small dealer realize more than if the goods were sold small up
will cost a little less than 22 cents per at auction in a distributing center S50 flavor. I was fortunate enough to
Following the Orange to the Con- dozen. miles from the consuming point is a share a box of beautiful Indian River

sumer. This, we think, is "distribution" car- problem that I leave for others to solve. oranges a few days ago. They were
Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower: ried out to a pretty fine point. The great When it is demonstrated, as it can be, large and luscious, but those that I
From time to time I see articles, both bulk of the fruit, however, when it is by facts, dates and names, if desired,
editorial and communicated, in the press offered for sale at auction is more or less that parties are devoting their best ener- bought have been almost without exception -
on "distribution." The writers assumein affected with decay. There will be any- gies to this particular branch of the busi- below par. It seems that

almost every case that distribution is where from two to twenty rotten oranges ness; the supplying of the trade at prices nature, in her anxiety to turn out the

a cure for low prices, depressed markets, in a box. This fruit must be examined, that leave the barest living margin; I greatest crop on record, has done
and loss in fruit growing. In yours of inspected carefully and repacked, where fail to see where any improvement can considerable botch work. She has
December 17th I see an editorial article, necessary, before it can be shipped. In be made thus far. I state, without any
"Marketing problems," on this question.I this city there are about forty houses fear of successful contradiction, that given the trees so much fruit to finish
would like to make a few remarks on who have their trade scattered throughthe attempts to reach points of less than that they haven't had time to do the

the general question. If you think entire Northwest. Refrigerator cars 20,000 inhabitants with carlots oranges work in the best style."
worthy of insertion for publication, you run daily to almost all points on main will in the end prove disastrous,and that ..--
are at liberty to use them. What is lines of railroad. Every town of one better results will be obtained by confin-
hundred inhabitants has its fruit the direct to points that The manager of the Tobacco
1 wanted is (as I understand the drift of or over ing shipments
the writers) that the products shall be dealer or grocer who handles oranges.He have facilities for distribution, as occa- Growers' farm near Madison has
placed in the hands of the consumer. If can get his oranges at about 25 cents sion and the wants of the customer may about 800 square yards of beds sown

so, it will create a demand that will take advance over auction prices for sound require.It and has about 1,000 square yards
fruit that if box of sells for is not always sunshine in the Northwest
the crop of fruit at a paying price. Fur- so a oranges about be
ther, it is assumed that the present arrangements -!82.50in the auction room, it will cost him I at least. At this writing the roadsare more ready to sown.
are-very defective, that they :f. o. b. 82.80-25 cents advance in the simply impassable on account of the > <

can and should be improved upon, so price and five\ cents per box cartage, mud all through the States of Illinois, Daytona has an area of some 1,500 -
that each and every one shall have an which is charged on small lots by most Iowa and Minnesota\ and the consump- acres in orange and lemon groves,
opportunity of eating fruit. From this of the dealers. He buys one, two or tive demand is necessarily limited to the the owners of which make Daytonatheir
point, which is acknowledged to be con- three boxes as the case might be, pays inhabitants of the villages. The great
siberable of a distributing point, I write his local freight, which is perhaps 20 or farming communities cannot reach these shipping point.
with a knowledge of some of the facili- 30 cents a box, and receives sound fruit. villages to buy if they felt so disposed. m t
ties for handling goods. He is then in a position to receive his What would dealers do if fruit was sent Don't-If a dealer offers you a bottle of Salvation
Oil without labels or wrappers,or in a mutilated
Now, as to the receiving of the goods oranges anywhere within a distance of through direct? At present at least thereis or defaced package DOJTT' TOUCH: XT-don't
here. Common knowledge, based _on 200 miles of the city of Chicago at a cost no demand, which is proven by the buy it at AJHT price, you can rest assured that
the testimony of those actively engagedin of not to exceed 25 cents per dozen. The fact that trade is so light, dealers con- there is something wrong. It may be a dangerous -
and worthless counterfeit. Insist
the work of gathering the crop, pack-j damaged stock, the small culls, the in- fining their orders to.the very smallest a PERFECT, UNBROKEN CEXTOfE upon package.
] ing it, and putting it on board the cars, ferior, the drops and everything in the possible amounts. Price 25 cents.


t -

.. .. &: _....... f :"' .- t -;-
'"'t1i1-" ';,,. .'. .: "'... ... f _

.o '
=_ 5

... .




Definite exchange offers inserted free. State !
t fARNER5AIUANCt We have some of the finest frost Proof lake
what you have and what you want. RMERY : front properties in the whole Stat <
Open to subscribers only. s... TtD JANUARI.lU$ Phosphate lands garden and truck lands nur-
sery stock and general supplies for the plantationor
grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.
TO EXCHANGE span of mules and a good CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher.
covered, two-horse hack for 800 two-year buds NAHITNER'SGARDENING PAGE & HAMMOND.
on French lemon, sour or bittersweet stock, delivered i-7-tf Aiiluirmlale, Fla.
here. One ten-year-old bay, 14 hands; Terms of Subscription:
nine-year-old brown, i&i hands good pullers
and gentle to ride or drive, healthy;;one set one- For one year.._......._......._...... ..... a2 00 TicKIe

half worn harness. Prefer Jaffas, Majorcas, For six months _..........h..... .1.._...100 IN FLORIDA
Malta Bloods Riversides, or as good. Address 7 '

immediately I. M. DEPEW, Manatee, Fla. Subscriptions In all cases cash In advance The Ertb

nature will do the rest.
Bates of Advertising on application.
Seeds largely determine the harvest-always
insure insertion in this column, advertise- REMITTANCE should be made by Check, plant the best-FERRY'S.
ments must be accompanied by the money. A book full of information about Gardens-bow
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. Postal Note, Money Order,or Registered Let and what to raise.etc.,sent free to all who ask

Postage Stamps received in payment. ter to order of for It. Ask today.D. .
Count word,including name and address
every M. FERRY P. O. Box
/ J 1071
FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER Until,April 1st, 1892, I will mall to & CO., / 3 DETROIT. MICH.

FOR SAI.E-North Carolina strawberry crates AND FRUIT GROWER,
for shipments by express. Solid top all subscribers remitting $2.00-for
.J R.l'1u1on vt11 EO, Fin.
and bottom tin with
corners; already put up 32
baskets. Address Ixnrr ALLEN,JR., Interlachen,
renewal or new subscription,a copy
Fla. i-i4-4t To the World's Fair Free.

2 0 0 0 0 sour orange seeds wanted. Address, We have received the last issue of of "Whltner's Gardening In Flor- \

f stating price, F. II. ALLEN, Norwich -
the "World's Columbian
Exposition "
x Conn. it ida.
Illustrated the official organ of the amp o!, +i U!

CHOICE budded orange trees, vigorous and Great Fair. The object of this publication To all who remit $4.00 I will send M a ow
; on stocks from i to 2 inches in di-
ameter; 2sc and 300. f. o. b. at Oviedo. PHILLIPS is to give complete authentic this paper and the "World's Colum- rri c,
BROS., Chuluota Fla. I.144tWANTEDGood p C1
historical record of the Columbian aa
bian Exposition Illustrated," for ; =
gardeners to work fresh river Exposition. It contains 32 pages of rn am

Also, choppers wanted shares.immediately.Teams furnished.Address I. official proceedings, and will give photographic one year, the subscription price of z a ,ja X92 ilC

M. DEPEW, Manatee, Fla. 1-14-41 illustrations printed on enameled
which Is $3.00 per annum.C. .
F OR SALE-One second hand WashingtonHand paper, of, all the exhibits, build- p .M, l7 ( { ax

Write for narticular Press for sale cheap at this office ings, and attractions of the great Fair. W. DACOSTA, '

As a work of art, containing the most rCULI8IIEfl.II .3
WEED SEED-Perfectly>> clean and information it is invaluableto
free from chaff; sow 6 to 8 pounds interesting ,
per acre,broadcast and-harrow in; supply limited; all who wish to keep up with the / FAVORITE SINGER.
price per pound, any quantity, 25C., or by mail International I lIH' iiititJ NEW HIGH ARM. a.m W mr.C
and learn of the i
35C. Send cash with order to EXCELSIOR SEED times great Style as t hown In cut,with fUll ( ) obc
FARM, Kenka, Putnam Co., Fla. i-7-tf Enterprise. Price $3 a year i ,"" set attachments,self-setting needle -
shuttle. rio
and self-threading
FOR SALE-Fine, healthy LeConte pear trees, post paid, or 25 cents a copy. Sub- _I oucangetNJwlLacb1ne90n"fof : x
spring planting; also peach, plum, pecan, taken at this office where a manufacturers. Save Canvas 4P
etc. D.I,. PIERSON, Monticello, Fla. i-7-4t scriptions sers'Commissions of|25. Sent on ,o. eo
sample copy may be seen. Any yeson ,- trial. Warranted 6 years. .

FOR SALE lily-plants Rose, and Azure seeds., and Plants Blue,so Zanzibar<:.each, wishing a free trip to lIlt World's C3-CPEUT1YE SEWING HACHIIECQ.V ..

Seeds, asc. per package. W. E. PALMER, Lake Fair should address J. B. Campbell, .*. \' .pay Freight. Philadelphia>r
Como, Fla. i--4t
Editor and Publisher, 218 La Salle If'
TOR SALE-A special lot of Tardiff orange trees, Ills. I
1 P three to five feet, %to H-inch stocks; grapefruit Street, Chicago, 0
and sour orange roots. Strictly handsome The IVbrld's Columbian Exposition F08cis
'and thrifty Address A.L. DUNCAN, Milwaukee '
Nurseries, Duunedin: ,Fla. i-7-3t Illustrated''and the FLORIDA DISPATCH,


FOR SALE fine as-500 it is Tardiff possible treesij to grow to 2-inch them.stocks 500, year, mailed to any address, for $4. '' mall 10dlfirrentI'kge((myseelelctln) V5j\fiofmyehoiceKortheruGrownFnrm

Tardiff trees, r4 tOI%-inch stocks T'eryfinetrees. C. W. DACOSTA, .A.
500 Tangerines, i# to ."-inch stocks; are fine i

5000 Niagara vines of my own growing, finer AND FRUIT GPOXVER SEEDS ,
vines than I ever saw. Write for catalogue and \\JA1LUR.C
manual. JAMES MOTT, Orlando, Fla. 12-31-41 I am the largest grower of Farm Seeds in
America-1 make ttu..my specialty. Cultivate ('(I
LET-A furnished cottage. entire Or en O.OOO Acres. 'Vonderf'1I1 Wheat, I
TO suite. Healthful location,near station,school, SC.HOOLFitting OatsBarlc ,Potato&GrassSorte. SUCCESS
A Ko hard if plant tblP
more times yon
church, etc. Address BARLOW, Huntington, Fin.12.31.4t Send oc. for fine Seed Ca tn 1 osr: with if you t.H tM
four colored platen, or Catalog and i i properFungicides
W 10.Pkars.Farm Seed, 13c
FOR SALE-A fine orange grove. For particu young men for the active duties of life. JOHN A. or
apply F. REHBEHN, Interlachen, Putnam Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and LACROSSE. S l Insecticidesatthe
Co., Fla. 12-24-61 endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council, WIS.
and prominent citizens of the city where located. I 1 proper time.
|IBB| |n|| a ||||
SALE-Choice Paper Shell Pecans, for circulars and testimonials,address
FOR For catalogue manufacture all kinds of Fungicide and Insecticides -
I have 50 to 100 lbs. at SOC. per lb. W. J. crDUNSMORB.! President,Staunton Va. of the best: qualities, and put them op in the
A. BOWLS, Jacksonville, Fla. 112-24-51 most convenient and economical forms for both dealers

FOR SALE--Choice budded orange trees, must 1892. Years and users. Our OF pamphlet-the AGRICULTURE,
sold to make room; Satsuma, Pineappleand For Over Thirty contains useful and interesting information about
Homosassa. Correspondence solicited. Pnce,
T. D. WILLIAMS, Secretary, Waldo Fla. we have always had very pleasant dealings together, the the Trait Garden, the Orchard, and Vegetable Garden -
25C. O public and myself and I again have the pleasure of ,and how to get good
presenting to them Annual Vegetable and
: my
FOR SALE-Handsome branched Kieffer pear r? Flower Seed Catalogue. It contains the usual GARDEN SEEDS FREE!
,, three years old, some bearing. Address immense variety of seed,with such new kinds added
J. II. GIRARDEAU,Monticllo, Fla. as have proved to be real acquisitions. Raising many It gives prices and descriptions of Fungicide andInsecticides
4I 12-Iot) t. U of these varieties myself on my four seed farms, ,and the most approved Sprayin Pumps
AALG and testing others, I am able to warrant their fresh and Outfits. Special departments on Truck Farming
TTORLECONTE, 1,2, 3 and 4-YEAR-OLD,KEIFF II n ss and purity,under such reasonable conditions as are con- and Staple Crops. The book Is free.
PER AND CAREER'S HYBRID PEAR r= rained in my Catalogue. Having been their original intro-
TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE, MON- 1 ducer.J am headquarters for choice Cory Corn KILUCI Melon, W. POWELL & CO.,
TICELLO, FLA. n-26-tf Warren lied. Hubbard bquash. Deep head, All Seasons and Chemical Fertilizer :Manufacturer,
f Cabbaee. Etc. tc. CatalogueFit KE to MD. u. S.A.ASTHMA .
8.7 Mac
OlfcJEttOJtY & SON, Marblehead
JAPAN Persimmon,choice kinds. Loquat,Satsu- +S J. J. U.
trees very cheap. Write for terms. nn. TAFTS" ABTHMALETO
F.TRUEBLOOD, Archer, Fla. n-26-6t -CUREDncver| rfalHt: 1 i2.y21f
addrcee.we will mail! F R E E
to W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla., for 99 .IE! CI.TAft laOS.! M.CO.IOCHUTEIU.Y,
WRITE! regarding his book on nature's New Planet Jr1 TooIs
law that controls the sex. It is of great value to $15.n n Cash with order.-Mote's Sizer Iliatt will size
stock breeders, for with it you can have either made Single Orange
male or female at will. No humbug,because it 250 boxes per day. II mdreds now In use. Send
can be had to be paid for when you are satisfiedas for testimonial sheet; order early. This is acknowledged -
to its merits. UI9lotFORIUGN Among other things TWO NEW GARDEN DRILLS. Onesows either by all to be the best and cheapest
sixer in existence. E.
GRAPEVINES-Of earliest and IN DRILLS OR RILLS, the other in addition, SOWS FERTILIZERS EITHER: Leesburg, Fla. lo-M-iot

varieties, selected by years' ABOVE OR BELOW THE SEED.
experience in Florida. Chasselas Luttichau, Madeleine "PLANET JR." COMBINED SEED DRILL ANDWHEEL PERSIMMONS, Plums, Mammoth
Blue and others. Send for circular. H. Great improvements too in JAPANESE,Japan Walnuts,hardy orange JOe
.. VON LTJTTICHAU. Earleton, Fla. 11-12-3111- HOE, in the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL: HOES and marked Also ornamental stock rare bulbs, seeds,
etc. Olive fig trees grapevines. Goods sent
Tf AKI(JAPAN PERSIMMON ,Hachaiya, changes in HORSE HOES AND CULTIVATORS. safely by Freight, Express or mall.
IV Hyakume Yemon and Zings trees, 3 to 6 >The fine NEW TOOLS offered in 1891 are made still more attractive for 1892. Send for our new, finely illustrated catalogue,
feet high. Also 3,000 of fine variety not yet Address
named by the Department of Agriculture. Local SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE full descriptionofallthegoods BERGER & CO.
names: Sanford's Imperial,Triumph,etc. Trees as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. H. H. ,

Gainesville a to 3 feet. All Fla.for sale cheap. J. R. MCIRVIN n-5-iot S. L. ALLEN & CO., HOT(( Market St., Philadelphia, Pa. Established 1878. San Francisco.Cal..




'. -

'-"" "- :-



J .



r -

} # THE Tardy Orange and Leonardy Grape Frnlt.

) Jacksonville Tampa
LAST spring buds on stocks from 34' to 2 inches in diameter. As thrifty, healthy O
*well-rooted trees as can probably be found in the State. The Leonardy __ 4

Grape Fruit, though a hybrid grape fruit and sweet orange, is practically a typical
' & Key West System grape fruit of superior quality. Also Mango and Avacado pear trees.

n-i2-3m CYRUS W. BUTLER. St. Petersburg, Fla.


' --- Organs,
Extending Southeast, South and $35 Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
\ Ontrlaiin Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. Florida Central and Peninsular
Southwest from Jacksonville cover your horn. -
'I before From REV.JAS M. POTTS D.D. editor of Mich-
E\ thousand miles aringforthem.. iganChristianAdvocateDetroitMici.: "Tosaythat RAILROAD
over one of tropical
Addresi II we are delighted with the Piano does not expressthe
fact. We are jubilant. If all your instrumentsThe
f and reach all prominent T.Swoger & Son Pianos & Organs fine in and in tone
country, I are as appearance as pleasing as
.. PA (Formerly F. R. & N. Co.) offers Increased
BEAVER FALLS this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred. facilities
this season for travel to Florida
t winter and summer pleasure resorts From PROF. E. H. PECK, Vaihermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with having In addition to Its old and popular
# thefcasing( or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." connections the LOUISVILLE &: NASH-
t of Florida : From B. D. GRIGGS,Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is VILLE R. R at the Hlver Junction and the
, aH you claim it to be." GEORGIA SOUTHER & FLORIDA! (the
From Y. M. C. A per J. G. COOLEY,Hillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. Suwannee River route to Florida),arrangedfor
THE EAST COAST, Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same." a new route from the West and Northwest -
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot, Ark. "Mr is well in with the
: family pleased every respect via Montgomery,Bainbridge and Monti-
THE GREAT LAKE REGION, argan. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder. cello, carrying through sleepers. from CIN

I THE PHOSPHATE FIELDS, CINNATI The road TO has TAMPA.now no less than
THE PINEAPPLE FIELDS, Seven Points of Connection With

I AD namely, Fernandina, Callahan Jacksonville,
,, Live Oak, Lake City, Monticello I and River
THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE DEALERS IN- Junction making comfortable connectionswith
Chicago, Kansas City and all northern

SECTIONS. Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc augurated.cities, for which this road is specially In

I JACKSONVILLE, FLA. The Florida Central

PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY. and Peninsular RailroadIs

THREE .THROUGH TRAINS l arker..........................._.............$1.75 J. itl- rtin Rye?..___.__._S3.OO the greatest artery of travel through the
s Orange Valley....._......___ 2.00 Virginia Glades_......_???_... 4.00 finest parts of Florida, traversing twenty. .
VIATlioTroll1Trllll Spring Valley.........._?.................L"2.5O Old Bourbon ...._?.._.?._...... 5.00 four counties-Gadsden, Jefferson, Duval,
North Caro liia Corn_.... _._... 2 50 Kentucky Sour l/Iaeli_._....... 5.00 Alachua Lake, Leon,. Suwannee, Nassau
Clifton Club?_._.._......._..._...___.._.. Old Baker...........?......._....._.?..... 5,00 Levy orange, Hillsborongh, VVakulla,
Montrose Velvet...."....__.__.._.._.$ Columbia, Clay, Marion Polk, Manatee.
LinD. Jigs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c, 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post office nando Madison and, Baker DeSoto--ln Bradford their, richest Sumter portionIt Her-

i money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. 0. D. to dry towns.A runs through the MIDDLE FLORIDA REGION
complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application. OF BILL COUNTRY where are the fine old
These lines with the
3 are equipped
John Clark Son & Co. Farming Lands and the New Tobacco

latest improved modern appliances for Farms

the safety and comfort of passengers.Our Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery. reached by no other line) some of them
I I conducted on a large ecale. Here are Quincy,
call them the ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. Tallahassee (the capital), Montlcello, Madison
patrons and other towns from whose comfortable
FRUITLAND NURSERIES: ample dwellings, reposing in a fertile
FINEST IN FLORIDA. country,is coming a renewed energy to em
ploy the resources lavished about them.
X Augusta, Georgia.We Stretching down through .
Trains leave Jacksonville, via J., T. The Peach Country

& K. W., 8.50 a. m., daily except offer for Fall anti winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental trees, of Baker, Bradford,Alachua and Levy coun
doses Palms,etc.. suited te Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated In Florida. ties,through the prosperous
Sunday daily Also a superb stock of Evergreens Camellias Greenhouse plants,etc. Farms
m. Strawberry
; 12.15 p. ; 4.00 p. Our products have been tested In Florida for thirty-three years past. Catal agues free.

m., daily except Sunday. Arrive 6.30a. No &ren"ts. Address Lawtey,8tarke In profit to the orange and Waldo.perhaps grove-it goes superior throughthe >

J. BRRGKMANS heart of the State, penetrating some of
m., 12.55 p. m., 6.10 p. m. the finest groves,one having
Augusta Ga.
Trains leave Jacksonville, via East 70,000 Full-bearing Orange

Coast Lines, 8.00 a. m., daily; 4.00p. NURSERIES OF THEMilwaukeeFlorida passing for nearly Trees a mile, between them-

making its way southward to the Gulf,and to
m., Sunday.only; 1.00 p. m., daily Co. the more tropical portions of the State. In
Orange all portions of the state it reaches points of
except Sunday. Arrive 11.50 a.; m., Scenic Interest.
Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
i Wakulla Springs in the West,the Suwannee
5.40 p. m.INDIAN. Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
River, as beautiful and romantic as it If
Our stock Is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. For famous Silver Springs, in the lake region
RIVER STEAMERS.Leave and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings -
Catalogue and Price-List, address,
... of rolling land interspersed wit

Titusville 6.00 a. m. daily A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. pleasant to the clear homes lake in fronts green groves By means,sloping of dowi this
road you can most readily reach the
Sunday for Rockledge Eau
E.T.PAINK. Hunting and Fishing Grounds.The .

Gallie, Melbourneand way landings. THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY settler will find on the line of this roada
greater opportunity tor a varied selection ol
Leave Titusville 700p. m Mon.r .. JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA. land[ than on any other road in the !State-
from lightest soils to those underlaid with
and for Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. C.&:P. R.R., clay and marl, and of richest hammook-
\ days, Wednesdays Fridays, St.Johns River, East Jacksonville. whether for regular mixed farming, stock or

Jupiter and way landings : Connect- Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. dairy orange farming groves,and peach vegetable or strawberry gardens.The .culturo,
tourist will be gratified with Its
ing at Jupiter with trains of J. & L. Wholesale dealers In and Importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals. scenery. The health.seeker on its ample
route can find some spot adapted to his
Send us your name and we will mall you from time to time much general information wants. On the hard clay roads of Middle
W. Railway for all points on Lake .
regarding successful orange and vegetable culture In Florida.iUGHlN' Florida the horseman will ride with speed
and satisfaction, and the Florida Central
Worth. Are described In beautiful book GARDENING and Peninsular is theSportsman's
V 9 ILLUSTRATED for 1892. It contains one hundred
For schedules, maps, etc., call on n i &| pages handsomely printed and illustrated with accurate Route.
W i photo-engravings and colored plates. It Is a Passengers* from Northern connec
Local address the General Mirror of American Horticulture todate and tions having tickets over the Florida Centra
agents, or f Seeds Plantsr shows the recent attainments of this art, side by and Peninsular to points in South Florida
) side with the good old plants of our fathers' have the privilege of being! taken into Jacksonville
Passenger Agent. gardens. The descriptions,plain and reasonablewill over the Company's line and allowed
commend themselves to real lovers of good gardening and its contents so fully a stop-over within t he: going limits of tht
R. B. CABLE, W. L. CRAWFORD. cover all branches of this absorbing subject that we say .. ticket,with re turn to their route for destina-

General Manager, Supt. East Coast Lines, Ir- IT TELLS THE WHOLE STORY ___. tion free of extra charge. Send for map ol
Florida,mailed free
for the Garden, Lawn and Farm and represents one of the most complete
J., K.W.System. St. Augustine,Fla.
4 assortments of garden supplies in the world. For 250. we mail with the BOOK] A. O. HACDONELL,G.P. AJacksonville-,
G. D. ACKERLY one packet Chicago Parks"Pansy Seed or one plant new French Rose -- Fla.
General Passenger Agent. Star of Gold. Write for Free CATALOGUE now. MENTION PAPER., '- N. S. PENNINGTON.Traffic: er.MAXWELJ .

Jacksonville, Fla. VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE e t CHICAGO. 88 State St. a *.G enor.1 Manager


.... =s..' ....; "_-. .... ; _.. : -,.,...:.::..:.: --.S'' -,--.-. -- 1 -- r3...-: :.:x. a6a r-

a -
.yw r
L x J y

. -- 1


... ..... ..---- '-, ,



a ., .


T .
co Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak
f.1e .
OF' ;
f sp0u lenc@ 7' ,.. .. Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,

,.. SOIlClted. \....J8 Bed-Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattan

4. Goods, Desks of all Kinds and

WE SELL 'w ANO Bl|| Styles. '
42 W




Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shade, Hanging Lamps, China and LA.
'.. Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.

.. Hotels. Boarding Houses Shies Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.

ESf- When writing, please mentinn this paper. t


'( 1t


D IA3IOND\ "D" HARD WOOD ASHES in themselves are one of the most valuable i I their continued use a strong productive soil is being made which will require years
fertilizers : and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric to exhaust.

acid is required, no agent is so valuable for the decomposition of Bone, or Florida I This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood Ashes
Phosphates, as these ashes. to be the best in the Florida market. They are now better than ever, and, without
The combination produces a fertilizer rich in all the elements required by light I doubt, are the cheapest fertilizer Florida growers can use. For other particular
soil, and in a condition that prevents leaching by rains, the result being that in "


1i-5'm E. DePUY, Stockbridge, .Mich.

---- ---- ------ -


% (toot. Latent Improved 'and l'brapreb Oar Perfection and ,: THOSE ,
r Empire Pumps ettt the I liquid automatically mod will spray 1OO Trees Per(lour.e .
e mate the Little Gent aol< Garfleld Iswapoaek Sprayer mod the VermoreU flue '
spray oot=le.most economical spray ootxle in the world, Aim a horse Power Sprayer a*low price.
London Purple*t wholesale Catalocne free.Writeaddressplatulygtngosunty.FIELDFORCE Orange Growers and Vegetable GrowersWho
.. FUJI F CO.126 Urlntol A' TN.Y.MATOJ. I
---- -
---- -- ---"

wish to obtain the highest market prices on their Oranges and Vegetables to

use the fertilizers manufactured by the


l& mm m rm -
of Pawtucket, R. I.,

fl Perfect Jtael Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizersare

so made that they keep up a Vigorous, Healthy Growth, and remain in the
TREE TOMATOflffarUft ..
'' soil until the Tree or Plant can take it up. '.
only variety that can
x UllGI in lUi Maim to the title of "Tn zG Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

I S3S&. HEIGHT OF 10 or I 12 FEET, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
ci iI/I and produces fruit of an IMMENSE SIZE and of the "
FINEST FLAVOH. At an enormous price we purt 3So. 8 Bostwiclc Block. ,
7q f t t yi chased the true stock of this tomato from the
t I originator,and this seed CAN BE PBOCCBED ONLY
testimonials sent free
} FROM US. It is OBNAHEXTAL as well as uazm.q Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and ,
r \ r' 1 Two or three of these plants will make a wonderful .
e r display, if cared for, will produce all the upon application.
I 'j -' A tomatoes one family can use. Single specimens Our fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever they have beer -(
,) often measure over 6 inches in diameter used. 10-29-Cm
and weigh over 3 Ibs. The demand for
r this rare novelty last season was greater than the
i r In order to induce every reader of this paper to ar OF
M h, test Northern Grown Seeds,we will give, free of
ij charge to every person who sends us Z5 cents in
'1 ,1 silver or postal note for a packet of this rare tomato FANCY POULTRY.
,and names this paper and number of offer,a
t t ,) COUPON that entitles them to a collection ofT .
r i either flower or vegetable seeds,which at our catalofrae
9 prices amounts to 75 cents. \N E MAKB THIS 3 ATTENTION
SEEDS into all sections The seeds will be fowls scat
sent to return of the to all
you coupon us.
T $650
will go at one-half the
and thousands of valuable premiums w rates-a great saving to my cus
1 will be distributed among our patrons this year. tomers. This is by special arrangement -
Our catalogue will tell yon how to get them. ;. and Is confined to
\ V1\\ OU R CATALOGUE thisseason Is by far '* fowls from my yards.
r '1 the most complete ever published,containing c ; ': We are the largest breeders of
S"", lS \\ 1 I1, colored plates and hundreds of illustrations. It is St s ; r poultry In Florida.
I a thoroughly reliable guide, and a book that no J thoroughbred send
,i person who uses seeds or plants should be with c Come and see our stock or
II 'I out Price, ss cents. This book will be sent 4: P j)i for our illustrated catalogue and
I FREE to all who order a package of the r t -. :price list of 14 varieties.
I Mansfield Tomato f t ". Poultry supplies of all kinds.'
"L' 11ti "THE CHICAGO hvraB-0cgAw"6ayas Incubators and Brooders, Shell
We in of basket of Tree
are receipt a Mills! Clover Cutters
1 : and Bone
Tomatoes not one weighed less than '
'-= : '',._. pound. The fruit is solid,flavor ;Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish
delicious. Many Jibs.BROMUS a Blood and Bone to make
I IN E R M I S--The grass for dmnth stricken districts and dry soils. hens lay.
EARLY BUTLER CO RN-The earliest yellow deat variety In cultivation. :
: : : % EGGS TO HATCH.

4%. -,,' y. E. W. AMSDEN,

[CO., ST P&VfMlNN. Ormond,.Fla.



-,,, -
t. t;...
....t-,. .. ......" ...;:-.Ai- .t -9----- f

;.;- ." '.: .c ." ;. ,-"i..I ". .... :::., ..,....... .- -.H'

: rT

, .
:: ', : : .', ',

tr -

r The Clyde Steamship Co. SAVANNAH LINE.Time .

53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia

and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours.

: : Kei York Charleston and Florida Lines.

Ocean Steamship Company.Central .

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

I sail follows Charleston S. ( or 90 Meridian Time)
to as calling at ,
Passage Rates :
C. both
ways Between Jacksonville and. New York: 1st class, $25.60 Intermediate,$19.00;Excursion,S4&50 4
(STANDARD TIKE ) Steerage,812.50. .
-: From New York From Jackvonvllle,
(Pier 29, 1. R.) STEAMER. Florida. Jacksonville Boston:Cabin$27.00: Intermediate$21.00; Excurslon.947.SO; Steerage,!!L2S.
Monday Dec. 28th, at3 P. "IROQUOIS".Sunday, Jan. 3d, at 6:30A. M. THE Magnificent Steamships ollthia Company are appointed to sail ai follows:
Wednesday, Dec 50th, at3 P. "YEMA8SEE".Tuesday, JNn. 5th, at 8OOA. M. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
Friday, Jan. 1st,at 12:NO'N .."AIX3ONQU Thursday, Jan. 7th, at JOOOA. M.
Monday Jan. 4th, atgp.X..UCHEROKEEl'.sunday, Jan 10th at 1:00P.M. f Central or 90 o Meridian Time.1
I Wednesday,Jan. 6th, at3p.H..SEMINOLE'.Tuesday, an. 12th at 1:30P.M. NACOOCHEE ... ..................--...........................Monday Nov. 25.30 1)m
Friday Jan. 8th, at 3 P.M."IROQUOIS".Thursday, Jan 14th, at 4:3A.M.: CITY OF BIRMINGHAM........... ............. .............Wednesday. 4- 8.30 P m
Monday, Jan. llth, at 8 P.bt."YE3IASSEL".Sunday,. Jan. 17th, at 6:3JA.: M. CITY OF AUGUSTA ....... .............................. ...... ....Friday, It 6- 8.00am i
Wednesday, 13th, at3 P.H. ."ALGONQUIN"Tuesday, Jan. 19th, at 8:00.H TALLAHASSEE.........................._.......__.......Saturday, It 7- 9.00am', '
Friday, Jan. 15th, at 3 P. H. ....OHEROKEE".Tbu sday, Jan. 2Ut, at 10:00 A. M. KANSAS CITY.................... .......... .................... Monday, 9--lLWam
Monday Jan. 18th, at S p. M. ,8EMINOLE". .Sunday. Jan. 24th at ll:3IJA.M.Wednesday OHATTAHOOCHEE ........................ ........_.........Wednesday, 11- LSOpm
,Jan. 20th, at 3 P. 11. ....-1 ROQUO lS".Tuesday, Jan. 26th, at 1:30: P. 1f. NACOOCHEE............. .. .._.-_...... .-...._.- .Friday, 13- &30pm4.oopm
Friday Jan. 22d, at 3 P."YEMASSEE" .Thursday, Jan. 28th, at 2:00 p M. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM........................... ........-Raturday, 14-
Monday, Jan. 25th, at3 P. H. .."ALGONQUIN"Sunday. Jan. 31st at 5:30A.M. CITY OF .... ..............Monday 16- 6.00pm
WedLe day,Jan. 27th, at3P.M."CHEROKEE".Tuesday, I Keb. 2d. at 7WA. M. TALLAHASSEE.................................... ............Wednesday, 18- 7.00pm
Friday Jan. 29th,. at3 P.H. .."SEMINOLE"...Thursday, Feb. 4th, at 9:00A.M. KANSAS CITY.......................................................Friday It 20- 8.30am
CHATTAHOOCHEE .......................... ....................Saturday, 21- 9.30am
o. NACOOCHEE... ......... ..........................................Monday, 2J-lLSOam:
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM................._.. ........... Wednesday, 25- LOOpm
St. Johns River Line. CITY OF;AUGUSTA............................... ............. Friday. 27- 2.30pm
TALLAHASSEE................. ...._..._.,....................Saturday, 28- 3.00 m
KANSAS CITY...................... ...................................Monday, 304.30 P P m

Far Sanford .Enterprise and Intermediate Points on..the St. FOR BOSTON.
GATE CITY.................. ......... ...... .....-.................Tuesday,Nov. 3- 6.00pm
Johns River. CITY Ow ?MACON........._._.................. ...................Friday; ft-- &00 pm
CITY OF SAVANNAH..........................................Wednesday, .1 11- LOOpm
GATE CITY .............-...... ..:............................ Sunday, 155.00 a m
The elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers CITY OF MACON..............................................Wednesday, 187.t0p) m
CITY OF SAVANNAH................................... ...........Monday, 23-11.00 am
J "CITY OF JACKSONVILLE; GATE CITY ......................................................Fr1cay.II 27- 2.3Op m
CITY OF MACON..........................?.-..........._.....Monday, If 30- 4.30p m

FRED'K DEBARY -This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

DESSOUG................................................................Friday, Nov. 6- 8.00am
Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr., DESSOUG .......... .... .. .......-. ......-,_....Monday, 16- 5.30pm .
DESSOUG.-- ._... .........Thursday, II 26 .
Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville,dally except Saturday,at 34JO(). p. m.,and from Sanford :
,daily except Sunday at 9 a.m. THESE PALACE STEAMERS,

SOUTH BOUm SCHEDULE NORTHBOUND.Read Connecting: with the Savannah,Florida and Western Railway(Waycroi3 Short Line) offer

Leave 3 Down..30 P. M............. ..... .. .......Jacksonville. ....u ..... ...... .....Arrive Read 11.45 Up.p.M. to Tickets the Traveling and Bills Public of and Shippers issued to advantages equalled North by no other line.
,." 8.0.P.)[............... ...............Palatka. .... ... ......... .....Leave 7 00 P. M. Through via Savannah.Lading For Information principal and points East and Northwest
.. 1.30A.M. .... ......... ...... ..... .Astor ..... ..... ................ 2.00P.H. BECKWITH General H. R. rooms apply to
"4 2,4i, A.II............. ..... ... ......St. Francis ... ..... ..... .......... 12.4'ip.H.' J. P. West Street Agent Jacksonville. CHRISTIAN 71 West Soliciting Agent
.. S.I-OAM. ... ....... ........... ". Bere ord ...... .......:. II II 45 A.H. WALKER 71 Bay a G. Bay Street,Jacksonville.
6.00A.M) ..... ... .. .....Blue Sprngs ..... ........ ..... r1.00A.M.wive R. L. ,Agent River,New York. ANDERSON, Agent,
S 00 A.M. ...... ... ...... .... .i-anford....... ...'.. ........... ... II 9.00 A.M. New Pier.No.SStL'lorth & BARNARD Agents City Lewis'Exchange Wharf Building,Savannah Ga.
.. 9.15 A.M. .. .. .... ....:...............Enterprise.: ............ ............ 9.30A.M. W. L. JAMES Agent: 13 S.Third Street, Pbiladelpbla.J. Boston.
D. HA8HAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav.,Fla.& Western By.Co.,ill Bro.>J way, N. y
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay Street.F. G. M;;; SORREL,Gen.Manager. W..E.ARNOLD,Gen.Trav.Agt.,Jacksonville Fla.
For Tickets apply to S.,F.& W.Railway omCe.ESTA.BLISHED.
M. IRONMONGER. Jr.,Fla Pass.Agent,S8.est Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla
W. F. OGDEN FAIT Traveling Passenger Agent,5 Bowling Green, N. Y. 1875.TT .

t J. O. PELOT, Fit Agt,on wharf, foot. Hogan Jacksonville. Fla. ,
JOHN L.. HOWARD. Fla. Frt. Agent, foot Laura Jacksonville, Fla.

J. A. LESLIE. Supt. foot Laura St.,Jacksonville, Fla. c i.tt.: : ... .. .ATVT. .4. ElC>"V it& .
MARSHALL H. CJLYDE, Asst.Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.
THEO. G. EGEB Traffic Manager,6 Bowling Green N. Y.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
Agents, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
M ...t1l. WMurrM, Pkllarfclphia. 5 Bowling Green, X. T. ,

i/JT I ifl Thorough Practical Instruction 20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE FLA

0 0 MI L. Graduates assisted to positions. -



Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, BranWheat, Grits, Meal,



Scientifically treated. by an aurlst of world J. E. Tygert & Co.'s
wide reputation. 'Deafness eradicated and NITRATE SODA
entirely cured,of from 20 to 3J)years'standing, ,
after all other treatments have failed. How Star Brand Fertilizers
the difficulty is reached and th, cause re- JRIATE OF POTASH
moved fully explained in circulars with affidavits OUARANTREDANALTSI8. T
and testimonialS! of cures from prominent ComprWng *... c
people, mailed free. Orange Tree and Vegetable ""SSTS"1
Dr. A.FONTAINE, 19 East 14th St., N. Y.
l, 31 i hee Fertilizers have no superior tii the market and]*trial will convince.


of Apples.Pean.CherrieIr EXCELSIOR RAT1"aOPTFITIU
onlyS375. I SPRAY o 3at.prom Ourculia pre ented b1 uaina
ii.4 riii tDeeeWtoFruitaln& Larne stock 0!P'tntt Tree..Yin
For tho very same d' at Bottom Prices. AddrwaWM.I .tj'1".uu.. Quincy w.ii!
+ -
i'lono. ---

Neitheronewuworth a nickel over$300.. For field ALLIAJ\CE,garden and TLTIVATOR.grove.: "The best cultivator I CURE FITS I
a Insure Yourself I ever saw," is the verdict aU who use it.against PALE SICKLY
paying edorWorks either 1 level or on a bed:perfectly adjust When I My core I do not mean merely to stop them
tilGJlC r rna by bnjin able;cleanest cutting;lightest draught. (or a time and then hare them return again. 1 mean a-
direct from Every cultivator fully warranted. fro.LUDDEN radical core. I ha.e mad.the disease of FITS EPILKPSY _ lOOKING CHllDRfN

& BATES, Savannas, Ga. GODBEY &HA. Fla., warrant or FALLXNG remedy! to cure SICKNESS the wont a lifo4oB eases. etudy.Became I

t WhohfcTe but Oiu frit*and that the lav***.om. my foiled, for not I1OW'receiving It rabjeet to SPASMS are most likely troubled withoara
have noreuon
You can't them than Instrument otbeit is eelebn.t44
pay more net> &reinedL for this thth
are Actually worth. They are not built that way you need stationery of any kind-paver' ''Bead at once for a Ve&Uee&Dda Free Bottle"of A O M tB.A.FAHNES
Write for latest SPECIAL OFFERS. DO pens and ink If so,send to DaCosta Panting mymfcllible} remedy. Oif 1 Krpres s and Post Ofllce.H. Been SO years in un and n te OCK'8VERMBFU l
and Publishing House,Jacksonville Fla. G. ROOT. M. r-- 183 Pearl Stet N. ? laxly that to*UUtUla are, B.X

i .

,, ; : '"

.,, '., ,,, ,
., jIif' .... ..,-,, : .
: ...

.' ,' .< :. .
.J ,:i;' :' '':': y-:;. : :
: .....'1 ,
-., f !
"' II-



__ _

Blood and Bone Bone !Meal! '
:-' .. ,
'. ,," lure Fine ,Ground Bone, Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal.

Aniirial Bone and Potash, Tobacco Stems: ,

:k Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood .Ashes,
'' Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulphate of Potash. &c.

'''Fruit an.d: -V-1n.e. wearing: ; Trees.GKEO. .

ran.ge: Tree p'Iood, -Y-o"U.n.g: IIJ"rees.Vegeta"b1e : .

anal: lo"ta"to: c-rovrer.::

EJ. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla,



As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export good quality and
land oranges in good condition in the foreign markets. .
Messrs. Smith &Crouch, one of the largest, best and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of the Liverpool market, that the demand is now so large that 5.000
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival.
J As one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge the carrying ability of steamers enablesme
to select the best to ship by. <
Representing the best firms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send through me.
r:' In order to export oranges, shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward, I will have the same placed on the
best and fastest steamer,and send a Bill cf Lading as evidence of shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New York
firm the owner may designate, or sell it'myself at auction.
The best steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool, so that a cable report of sales is received in New York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about the
amount of the proceeds is then sent on account to the shipper, by me. In twenty days from date of shipment from Florida. it is thus possible to have the proceeds in
the hands of the shippers. ,
Please note the following facts : .
Large sizes of oranges, 112's-126's, bring as much as 150's and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green and are sour the earliest possible shipments pay.
Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest prices, being the only kind in.the market.. Oranges must not be shipped from New York later than December
1st. There is no demand after the holidays until :March 1st. ,
r_:Advances of 75c. per box on your fruit will be made to such shippers as need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached.
Further particulars and stencils will be furnished by ,
E. .L.'GOODSELL, No. 103 Park Place,

No. 15: Philpot, Lane, London, Eng.

IH Bowker

I ... 4 3e Vegetable Grower.. .

nifOfID good results In every respect
I the very best high-grade Fertilizer I ever _
used." J. B. Wjratt, Supt. Fair Oaks
Groves, Manatee, Fla.I .

TEGETABLES GROW in <5o to 90 days, '

I V and, as a rule, do best on a manure thatis

available and about ready to, nourish.

I FERTILIZERS I Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,

i I lllli made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

is composed of chemicals especially adapted to
ABSOLUTELY IJE BEST quality Deter Varies. :!9 years'actual test In the Field prores there tft l be it
unequalled for raising large eroju. The purity of the component materials and the scientific accuracy '1 vegetables, which feed this5 class of crops in a
with which they are combined make Bradley"Fertilizers the most perfect as well as the most
I manner to produce a healthy growth which withstands -
economical plant-food the orange or vegetable grower can use. Send for beautifully illustrated
pamphlet: I Hr! disease and matures early. For sound,

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO., 27 Kilby St., Boston. | ;AJGUSTAgGA.: : : : it II ti II delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, use

I the BOWKER Fertilizers.
Saw and Grist 31111.4 H.P.
( FARMERS and DtLOlCH) larger.MILL Catalogue CO..itfiat free.,Ca I i i I Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free. .

KIAIE I C 1 1 P P 1 1 C VA"Ki"d-*****.CM,onvUriLl
W CO Mining,Ditekhg. Aimp.j BOWKER FERTILIZER |
B fny.Wind&SteamWach'/! Encyclopedia?$a. I COMPANY. j
i "" I
The American Well Works.Aurora.l ilL I
INTone ,

,Touch,W or kIn ans h p IDurabihtyBaltimore I Bifheil LEXViGTON.XY.awtnt.,World's Expocilioo.I .
I Book-keeping.Battue**,Shott-h'a4.Trp
,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. TnOaLASP.SIMPSON.Washington,I EPAIR old family Bibles
Writing allot Ttlegraphj Uoght. WCO S p your ; make them as
New York, 148 Fifth Ave. '..LL 13 ttacter 10.000 Oradcate la Btuiaen. Btct*Abv.WUJBC1 PATENTS 1 i D.C. No atty'c fee until Patent ob-1/ j\ good as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub
Washington, 817 Market Space.* 4'T' .. + "' *Ji. SMITH, Prt.'t,Leilajten,IL. J7i_ talned. Write for Inventor.Guide I fishing HouseJacksonvUle,Fla.
# ..
., .


.. ...:
.. .., -: : ..
:. ... .:' ----
:-, ;y,
Y -.
t .
\ '-' .WY9 16
', '

-' '


.. .". .



1869 o .



..- .- -
DACOSTA Proprietor& POWERS, JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JANUARY 14, 1892. Whole' ,No. 1107 1'Fl1VI,SERIES, No. ....

-- =- ::-- ::::--
------- -



.. Has proved to be the earliest and finest grape in Florida, being fully two weeks earlier than Niag. :::
CHATHAM ST. BOSTON. ara. All the White Diamond,grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shipped en :..JW
57 direct by the Diamond White Grape Company, of Rochester, N. Y. They are guaranteed to be rd Il i
strong,healthy two-year-old vines and; our prices for the same are as follows:
Price Catalogue. of weekly al"" foraUtb<\ fA
on application. FOR CASH, $22 PER 100 or$200 PER 1,000.

\ ON TIME, $40, $35 or $30 PER %100, ACCORDING TO. ]
For price list and descriptive, terms for vineyard planting on time. Ad
BROS., dress E. DUBOIS, BOX 182, Tallahassee, Fla. General Agent Diamond White ro a
.BARNETT Grape Company for Florida and Georgia. 0
AGENTS Also full stock of Niagara, Delaware,Ives,Cynthiana, Norton,Chassellas, Black Hamburg and
all other leading and new varieties of grape vines,native and foreign. aq

prompt.d Wholesile returns.Commission Stencils 159 South, Fruits application water and Street.YegttablM.Chleafiv. NEW BEANS NEW PRICES And Building Material.CHARLESTONS.. .c.

S. PALMER, We now have in stock an extra fine lot of crop of 1891 beans at following prices:

Hastings' Excelsior Refugee... 81.50 $5.00 Improved Golden Wax.......:........ 1.50 5.50
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY Improved Round Pod Refugee.. 1.25 4.50! Wardwell's Kidney Wax............. 1,5o 5.50
Oranges,Lemons,Pineapples and all otbeFrnlta Improved Red Valentine.......... 1,25 4.25 Flageolet Wax........................ LOO 5.75 FLA., I
and early truck, also, dried fruit. Improved Extra Early Red Valentin e,. 1.40 5.60 f .
nuts furs,etc.Ad .
consignments promptly remitted lot H. G. HASTINGS. 00., Interlachen, Fla.Our .
.Stencils and market reports furnished free IRRIGATING
References: Brad treetA. and establish 4o-page catalogue with revised price-list free on application. .
} .merchants Rid banks of the South .



SITE have the most practical ahd powerful GrubyV .
bing Machine on earth. Simple in construction The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers ,
and operation. Will pull a jo-inch tree or
stump with one horse in 2 to 4 minutes time. BOTH
Will do the work of xo men. With proper care it FOR EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES AND PLUMS.. .
will last: a life time. We have a safety lock, a
take-up on the spool, that saves wearing the rope i No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel. J No. 34-16-quart gift crate A
out in a short time-one of the principal objections No. 42-4 one-half Bushel. No. 36-32- STRAM HORSH. POEE1
to aU other machines of this class. We No. 56-2" No. 30-32- Standard crate.
guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of
machine complete F. O. B.cars Sigourney,Iowa, Send for catalogues,prices and samples. ',_"
$75 and$S. Agents wanted. Territory for sale. f ',
Write for catalogue. '- SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.ESTABLISHED :.;, FITTING -
i te.U-I1t Sigourney, Iowa. 1879.

POULTRY" FOOD! FRUIT AND PRODUCE Write for Estimates. ',.:,,:

04 fc 60 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, O. Jennings Nursery Co., Titoraairllle .
We are not connected in any way with any so-called Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling .
prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited REFERENCES: -Mercantile National Bank ; Georgia.Six
{i Trade Mark* Wra. Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers. Childs, Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad.
HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY.-' streets'and R. G. Dun&Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer, "Cleveland. < any variety days tc,tedattbe' than
Will Make Hens Lay! Agrien t'1 Ex. Qrctindi
at Of neTs,N.Y. Color
Will Make Chickens,Growl greealsb white pulp
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS.: QA N Southernmost Florist Establishment in U. S. tender. ., tweet The oWy and grape delirious.

This food Is strictly fresh meat carefully that rank tint both In :
cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermetically O ESTABLISHED 1883. .,' _- _-- :'z iacb earliness Tine and sealed quality with .'

sealed in&-lb cans Being ground fine,It r a Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns, _, our TPjrliteied trade},
can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed Bamboos,Cactus,Conifers,Aquatics Stock safely shipped over the whole .rcu&an 1 '-r information.mark label A< so as to give each fowl an equal share. Prio / world. Fine illustrated catalogue of zoo pages sent on receipt of loc. Clean, .treu STEP ifwrONS, jfew Canaan.Cfc
SO eta per can; ?i per doz. Address HOLLIS healthy stock Iw prices.
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 NorthBoston. a.4O,1It9, REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla.
fMentlon '
Mans. paper.

: HANDSOMEBranched GLEN ST. !MARY NURSERIES.( Before me for ordering description elsewhere of the,most do not complete fail to sendto and

economical Steam Launches, using ordinary.
Kleffer Pear trees three years old, kerosene for fuel. Automatic fire regulator.
some bearing. Address Ten acres devoted to testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million No blowing up or breaking down. Catalogue
((250,000))nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new calalogue for 1891-92 is the most comprehensive -
J. n. GIRARDEAUO, we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address free.JOHN ASPINWALL.

Monticello. ,-' ,.., -*. vFku 12-10-41 G. L. TAKER, :-.:; Glen St. Mary, Fla..I I Eau Gallic .,".13-24-41. _:, Florida.

.. -I.
: ",,-, / ;
: s
.. .. ;<,. ;
'. '

-t. <
j, ".4 -111' :" -
: ;; r
>:::;--', ;' d.
: .
.... ....' ". ;n ... ,.>, '. rf
0, :
:. p
r. '


;:::io':' ".. !'.. 2 .-..:.:. --...... .






comfortable chairs are placed in the large Universal press, driven by a 5horseelectric The pay-roll of the DaCosta Printing RICH FLORIDA LANDS
offices for the accommodation of the dynamo. The work of the officeis House is something immense. His em-
many patrons. so great that the continual workingsof ployees are well known for their indus- ... .
In the rear of this business office is these presses is necessitated. Mr. Da- try, and they are men who are skilledin I
the cloak room and-the lavatory, both oi Costa now never disappoints his patrons, the work they have chosen. Every
which are neatly and conveniently ar- and when he promises a job the partycan city delights to point with pride to
ranged. Near the entrance into the then secure it. His promptness,, the industries which employ a large
press-room is another large clock. Thereis coupled with his superior work, has: force of men, and in this article it is ..
+ also attached to this clock an auto aided materially in bringing him for doubtless well to give the names of
matic time-keeper, in which every em- ward as the leading publishing house in those connected with the DaCosta Print-
ployee keeps his own time. Everyman the South. In this establishment is a ing House.
has a number, and his number machine for the manufacture of rubber BUSINESS OFFICE FORCE.
corresponds with a certain key. stamps, which alone.is an industry. Thisis Mr. Charles W. DaCosta, proprietorand
When going on duty he takes this key the only machine of the kind in Flor- general manager. Mr. Geo. W.
', and registers his time of entering to ida At a great expense Mr DaCostahas Frazier, in charge of the business office;
work, and he also does the same on de a bronzing machine, which will W. D. Matthews, collector, and R. C.
u parting. This wonderful invention rapidly execute artistic bronze printing. Wyche, traveling agent, and Charles
p causes general satisfaction and saves un- AMID THE MACHINERY Richardson, porter. The newspaper and
told trouble. No error can be made and There is every needed machine to be book department has the followingforce
the "automatic recorder" don't lie. The found in this printing office. The machinery : Charles Groh, foreman; G. A. .
employees all say it is the most truthful is run by a powerful electric dy Irwin, L. P. Ashby,W. II. Christy, Wm.S. .
machine they have ever encountered.It namo. A machine for the sharpening oi Linton, B. J. Farmer, A. Geissler, R. Farmers :Stop: and Think.
would take many columns of the the knives of the many paper-cutters, V. Taylor, J. S. Freeman, B. L. Blanch-
'' average newspaper to describe minutelyall keeps one man busy. The Hickock ard, E. A. O. Mundee, C. E. Weston, B. WHY Spend the best years of your
the fixtures of DaCosta's Printing signature press is the only one in the F. McCullum. In the book-bindery department -! lite cultivating the soils ot the frozen
House. There are a large number of South, and is used in compressing books, are H. B. Garrett, foreman, North and West raising ps on which
speaking tubes which connect the busi- pamphlets, etc. Near this machine is A. C. Garrett, Henry Scong, Mesdames the freight is often not realized when
ness offices with the other departments, the paper-cutters, which are used for Roberts, Cone,Misses Clara Roberts,Rosa ,
and the walls are handsomely decorated trimming books. The next machine inspected Roberts, Annie Hunt, Sallie Hunt, Ma- you can buy land from the undersigned,
with statuary and pictures. Among the was the Dexter folding machine. rinda McCormack, Carrie Williams andD. rich and fertile as any known lands,
latter are distinguished editors and This wonderful invention pastes, folds Phillips.The and-where you can raise a crop that the
groups of men who, during the dark and and places the cover on the Farmer and job department consists of MattG. United States Government will pay a
dismal days when the cloud of yellow Fruit-Grower at the rate of 3,000 per Johnson, foreman; J. S. Hollings- of$100 each
BOUNTY on acre.
fever hung over the city "kept the hour. Besides this there is a bookfolding worth, E. W. Smith, A. E. Luty, A. V.
faith" and battled for the welfare of i machine of the Schumaker patent;; D. Taylor and Miss Lena Gould. The HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell
Jacksonville against a dangerous and two numbering machines which number job press department is as follows: the said crop right there in your home
unseen foe. the coupon tickets and pages the George Powell, Earnest Hay, Thomas market for $250 per acre. You ask for
IN TIlE PRESS-ROOMS. books; a stitching machine which binds Hill, George Puryear, Miss Katie Hunt the "How" and the "Wherefore."
with thread three and Miss Annie Williams. The larger
Passing from the business department pamphlets together ;
and best.
have the : Quite right-facts figures count
used for presses following pressmen
in the rear, the METROPOLIS reporter en- immense presses compressingbooks
tered the large press-room. Here the ; a double wire stitching machine R. L. Bailey, J. Bandy, Henry Tutson, Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.
Braddock and Sam Jones.
auditory canal! is disturbed by the run- that sews at both ends; a corner machine Henry
ning of many large presses: The en- used in trimming the corners of books THE REVISED STATUTES. I TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers -
tire power here is a large 10-horse power round; a patent machine used for index- The DaCosta Printing House has the of papers, the fact that there is now
gas engine, and the presses are from the ing books, which cuts out the index contract for this special work, and those established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
latest patents. These presses print the pages; fancy label machines; a stabbing now at work on the revised statutes are St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
large circulars, books, newspapers, etc., machine, which punches holes through Charles H. Berg, foreman in chargeof news. We are talking to all our
and from a circus bill down to a street pamphlets; a perforating machine thatis this room, Hedley Tattersall, E.
dodger, this department can throw off! used in the making of receipt books, A. Davidson, A. E. Hay, George Whit- friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
advertisements at a rapid rate. Thereare blank books, etc. ; a sawing machine ton, C. K. Nelson, C. Peterson, T. B. cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
five of these largo presses in this that is used in the manufacture of blank Jones, T. N. Thornton, J. H. Gravenerand pay you a bounty of two cents per pound
room, made by the Whetlock Company, books; two ruling machines of latest J. A. Britton. Mr. James Bandy is on the manufactured sugar. The St.
of Bingham, Conn., and besides the make; a card board cutter; a special ma- the stereotyper, which makes a force of Cloud plantation in Osceola Co. Fla.
Farmer and Fruit-Grower, the following chine for preparing the back for books, 63 active employees. ,
newspapers are printed on these presses: and numerous other inventions that can- Columns could be written about the averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
Tatter of St. Augustine, The News of St. not be found south of Baltimore.The "DaCosta Printing House," but space acre last year, and it will go 5,000
Augustine, The Sunday Critique, The gilding and embossing depart- forbids. To-morrow Mr. DaCosta givesa pounds this year.METHODS .
Curiosity Shop and The Florida Tourist.To ment also contains many instrumentsfor public reception, and everyone should
the left on entering the pressroomis the purposes of printing and decorat- inspect this mammoth concern. The ? This isn't the only big
the stereotyping department. Here ing the covers of books, etc. The cut national colors will float from the flag- chance of your life, however. The
matter of various kind is cast into metal. department is alone mammoth, and Mr. staff and everyone who calls tomorrowwill cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee -
.a The merchant or business man can havea DaCosta has every conceivable cut in be well treated and well pleased, and is become an assured profitablefact.
to ,
stereotyped advertisement made that his printing house from a donkey to the leave much wiser, regarding the capa-
is richer better
will last for ages. This enterprise aloneis Ponce de Leon Hotel. cities of this great establishment to do There no or
a big thing in itself. THE STOCK ROOM. all it promises. truck and market.garden lands in the
--- world than the land on the rich overflow
of the main
ON TIlE UPPER FLOOR. In the rear working room
Ascending a carpeted stairway from. is the stock room in which can be foundall or bottom lands about Kissim
the press-room the reporter entered the the material necessary to print any- PRINTING OFFICE mee. Write, for confirmation, to Co).
large composing room. Here a remarkable thing that could be desired. It wouldbe A. K. McClure, editor I'hitaJdphia
sight witnessed. The ma- impossible to enumerate the stock in
Times, who has personal knowledge.Then .
chinery was all in motion and everyone an average newspaper. It is sufficientto
had :a certain duty to perform, and they say that in no other office in the en- FOR SALE. in lands for orange groves, or '
were surely attending to it. At a glance tire South can such an immense and groves already cultivated or bearing,
any one could tell that Mr. DaCosta has varied stock be found. In this room is I can satisfy you that your best interestslie
,r a perfect system in his business, and a: Brown & Carver Cutting Machine of in seeing me before any one else.
t- everything ran systematically. On this the latest patent, with a cutting capacity .
,;! floor many ladies were at work, and of thirty-eight inches. The upper floor I have had placed in my hands BEAUTIFUL HOMES.. The healthfulness
I their pleasant faces told how proud they of the DACOSTA PRINTING HOUSE is and beauty of Kissimmeehave
with such arranged for the convenience of all the
1" were of their connection an been questioned. No
and offer for sale a never
lavatories for male and
; establishment. The ladies, like the men, employees,
fo- are loud in their praises of Mr. DaCosta, female. Labor-saving machines are diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia -
, and share with him the honor of taking: everywhere to be found. In fact, a full -in fact, read our medical
.: pride in turning out superior work. Mr. description cannot be given. Charles W. Complete Printing \Office\ \ report. Beautiful cottages, villas or
.. DaCosta, in fact, does not employ anyone DaCosta has surely an industry in Jacksonville lots suitable for residences. Writ
but skilled workmen and therefore ; that would make Atlanta orSew
I for and particulars.
inferior work never leaves his office. Orleans crow for months did they ON EASY TERMS. terms
} Through the kindness of Mr. Charles possess it. There is no office in the COME SOUTH, And get untold
Berg, the reporter was carried throughthis South that can do the same work, or dot quantities of the grandest climate in
department. Printers and artists more cheaply, and if a Floridian should CYLINDER PRESS TWO JOB PRESSES the world free with each acre of ground
need light, and this room contains thirty- send to New York to have printing done,
licensed to proclaim him AND FULL OUTLAY OF TYPE. )urchased. Come where you can till
seven ,large windows and every man the public are
sees exactly what he is doing. To the a I lunatic of the first water. the soil twelve months in the yearAt

f left of the staircase is a cabinet for railroad WIIAT IT MEAXS. least write to me for full particula
printing alone, and the most fas- WM.: CANNON,
W. DaCosta's success means
tidious corporation can easily be pleased. and a thorough knowledge Further information on application to Klaltnmtt, Fla.
Mr. DaCosta's establishment is not a by industry Agent for the lands of thn DUston Companies
material. of what is required, men can comeo for the Associated Railways lands!,and ties
collection of worn-out Every
the front and honor their communities lands of Klsslmwe' Land Co.
thing is new, and the machinery of the ; with industries that not alone Chas. W. DaCosta Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trucking
very latest improvements. In the west benefits the projector, but by the establishment fruit, grazing, timber general farming
end of this building are seven Gordon thereof benefit the city in and home lands. Send for map showing
\ presses, which are smaller than the ones which such in enterprise may exist. JACKSONVILLE FLA. Lands.
down stairs, and to this is added one