Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00211
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 17, 1891
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00211
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text

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& > >sssJackseavile, Fla. Thursday, December 17, 1891. Whole r ,1193. .If.." 8E.1JII1.+
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FLORIDA ,FRUIT EXCHANGE,.. ., .' '1 ..,," .. ,. .. : .H...". '.. ... '....."" hand-sewed Opera fine,Slippers elegantly,any embroidered size sent velvet on receipt '.l

Bas'proved to be the earliest and finest,grape in Florida, being fully two weeks earlier than'Niag ,: of$r.o. Retailers price$2.50 to Jj., .'",
SIs CHATHAM ST.. BOSTON. ara. All the White iamond grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shipped Our Ladies' Dongola Button Boots for$J.sa are
: direct by the Diamon White Grape Company of Rochester N. Y. They are guaranteed to be the best in the world for the price. All postage
Well furnished' strong; ,healthy,two-year-old vines and our prices for the same are as follows: paid by us. Address .
Price Catalogues of weekly
on application. FOR CASH, $22 PER. 100 or$20O PER 1,000. ,
149 Congress St.,Boston Mass.

.8W;BABJfSTX- J. a BAJUIBT'J"- OXJTIME,. $40 $=! t or. _$30; PER_ 1OO' ,...4. .ACCORDING TO. Send for Catalogue. n-It"4t

-rBAR.NETT .. Send/ and descriptive terms for vineyard planting on time. Ad. PATENT GRAZING
BROS. dress E.. DUBOIS, BOX 182. Tallahassee, Fla. General Agent Diamond White
.. Grape Company:for Florida and Georgia: *
AGENTS I Also full stock of Niagara Delaware Ives Cynthiaaa, Norton Chassellas, Black Hamburg and Our new Spiral Spring Muzzle allows stock to
all other and varieties df native and foreign.PIPAMWPPP.
leading new grape vines each
and Price
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. graze prevents browsing. $I.2S
,cash with order.MORMEN .
at factory,or$IoS.post paid

j t Qe ii !m a :! 1"rl : -' \ All orders:to Addressed: to s, B.HUB&AKZ CO.&

t,Fet -. s.e I GIl Heatlo :'! Co.,who have taken charge: Jhe business_both
Pegs t..4
= .... ater BtreetTCfeieafto.:: as to,manufacture and sale: S .. .a'..tGEOV '

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PALMER, \u..u "we now have in stock an.extra fine lot of crop 01x891 beans at prices,: : S.. -HACKER & SON,

GS. P ._ 'Ba. Peck..4Bu; .....
; ol66-REABE.ST. NEW YORK. ; 'j .. J' ..J hJ.# U
Hastings i' Brceliior'Refugee.Improved ..:....... IISo f5.00 ImprovedGoldeiiWax.f.-.t./-, '5.50 ---XANIITACWBERB OT-
( Round Pod Refugee....... 1.25 4.50 Wardwell's Kidney Wax..a.. .. ,1.50 5:50
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY..Oranges Improved Red Valentine.......... ... 1.25 4.25 Flageolet Wax...;..................... !i.oo 5.75 wA
,Lemons, Pineapples, and all otheiFHtfMiftBdeftriy.'trirtfc Extra Early ,., '. w .
1.40 'a
Improved : fcedjralentine .s.co.J, 1 F r T =
also,: drtefl mat_* '
..&ta.All,.>farstetc.**I'DMD''pi mfctiy'- ratted' fay* ;, :" '- : :."HV J :..HASTIN. $. & CO.,*i lnterlachen, Fla, ,m

market'report*furnished free. Our 40-page catalogue with revised prtce? il'i on'application. 00 -
ffeBOMf .... free; < . f .-.
i B-.Lof 'i'a.nd ".hll..bed' .. ) "":

are Chante aqd bfgke! ; r t."e,8onthf'G \hTGkhtJ' ,. f .H;-A %.. .WE MAKE THEM! .. ... .. .. .... "''C e:: )

G AK1J '$STli4IILL.T fIll' *J WHAT 1KB''THETfl]?'' : *,*i o g .

SITE VY bisgM&cHisieofl have the,most practical earth."Slmple,Ilu and 1. powerful 44 In cotfsTrnbUon 1 Grub-Jat! The; Virginia Yep l l't1tt t ,nf Wt; C Carriers t .. 'kO o .0... .

and operation. Will pull a' xo-inch tree or .
with minutes'' ,, .FDH,EARLY PEACHES;AND PLUMS. Jf.. s fit
stump one horse in 2 to 4 lime. n : TOMATOESSTRAWBERRIE : t : .
Will do the work of xo men. With proper care it No.'41-6 Baskets,three.quarter Bushel. No. 34-i6-quart gift crate ..a
will last life time. We have a safety lock, '
a a
take-up on the spool that saves wearing the rope No. 42-4 one-half Bushel. No.36: -:-3>.: "tf ':*.'; -" Ah1faf' j t I [A51lf?
oat in a short time-one of the principal objections No.SCi-2" No. 32Standard crate. .
to all other machines of this. class. We '
guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of x,t ,.Send for catalogues,prices and samples. 8. C.
' machine complete P. O. B.cars Sigourney,Iowa SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO. Petersburg Va.
S75 and$85. Agents wanted. Territory for sale. "
write for catalogue '

-23-i7t Sigourney, Iowa. R. M. BURROWS( & CO.% ,i'FLA. .



'; t 6.4Ytt*6t ROSP CT ST., Cleveland, O. IRBIGAflfMACHINERY
We are not connected in any'way with any so-called Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling
k prices quoted. Correspondence: shippers solicited._ REFERENCES-Mercantile: National Bank ; t
J Wm. Edwards &'Co., Wholesale Grocers; Childs Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad.
streets'and R. G. Dun&CoVs Mercantile: Agencies; "Ohio Farmer,"Cleveland. S

"i f Trade Mark. ) $ 1 < IHOLLIS' .

Will:Make Hens Lay I ,
OFFER.-We will send the following plants, none alike,!adapted to Florida,;freeby
WIll:Make Chickens,Grow!IA.ND SPECIAL *
prices given. Sure to grow: BOTH
GOOD FOB :MOULTING FOWLS. I. Ten sorts tropical fruit plants, rare $2. '
Tfete food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully II, Ten sorts hardy fruit plants,.novelties, etc..,$1.50.> -.
III. Five valuable economic plants$i. ,
eeeked,ground tine,seasoned and hermetleaJ r. ,.
IV. Five Bamboos and grasses$i. *; ,: ROllER pom
-. sealed In 8-1b aana. Being ground tine,It.eM V. Ten hardy Palms for avenue or lawn,$2. '. STEAl.
be readily mixed with soft food,'and fed VI. Ten fine cactus,$1.50. .
VII. Ten rare and beautiful ferns$I.SO- -
Be aa to give each fowl anequal: share. Prlc VIII. Ten hardy and desirable shrubs $2.' -
89 ebs per oan; 18 per doz./ Address HOLLI8 IX. Five hardy shade trees good selection$i. v "
DHaeSED MEAT &;WOOL CO., 20 North, For$12 the entire nine collections 75 plants. PIPE PIPE FITTING BRASS
BoHe .X.... Mention'paper.' JG-1S-6m REASOCTBR' BROS., ORCCO, Fla. ::



.- ,' .'1 Write for Estimates.

Stanched: Kleflw- Bear trees, three years old, ..
i. esie bearing. 'Alas 'Ten acres devoted to testing new varieties. ,Thirty acres In orchards. One quarter of a million SMITH"
y ((250,000))nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue: for 1891-93 is the most com. PEARS
J. H. GIRARDEAU. .prehensive we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. ,Address ILLUSTRATED LIST TREE.Nmrsery ;-
MeHticelle "3%. ,{j. Fla. Jennings C.., Themwwilli !
G. L. TABER :-: Glen St. Mary Fla. y'S ,. '.
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Yes; if you use the right material No; emphatically, no, if solutions made with Potash, Caustic Soda"Salt,

Whale Oil Soaps and kindred caustic substances are used. These solutions, by hardening the bark, do more harm

0*the trees than would be done by the insects sought to be destroyed.

is entirely free from such substances. Trees sprayed with it are noticeable for the bright, yellowish color of the barr, which always indicates a vigorous, ,
; ,healthy condition. .* "
.. ; It is sure death to the.Red Spider, Rust Mite, Scale Insects, and the various forms'of Fungi. It is now believed tp be a specific for the "Foot-Rot".
and possible remedy for"'the,Blight. Has been used by more than 500 orange growers the present season with satisfaction. '


: Spraying machinery in great variety at Manufacturers'prices.. .. Orange ,"Box Material, Wrapping Paper, Hoops, Ladders, Clippers, Nails, *etc."*" ; ef
':the best and as cheap as the.cheapest.. 7 ', '

': E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla. .

Send for circular and"price list. ,- ". .. .

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...': ', : (INSECTICIDE), '

: ': Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is, a sovereign remedy

for the'various forms of 'fungi on trees and plants. B.eiilfree{ from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

.be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without injury. J .

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years;and has given

perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. }

.'- FOR RUST MITE USE ONE QUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. When used,at this strength the trees should be i

for the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees it is better .I

... old cheaper to use-.the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One {gallon of solution too {gallons of water, as the fumes from the Insecti-

# "cide will Kill ,the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

tree or four sprayings 'through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-third to one-half. This is an Advantage ,Possessed b>

-, .. M Other Preparation of Sulphur. if used in this manner it will also ,kill the other insects that may be moving on. the trees. .

FOR RED SPIDER,and SCALE*,' use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.

? PRICE 20e. PER GALLON, in barrels. If there is no agent.in your vicinity, write for price delivered. .

SPRAYING. APPARATUS furnished to'our customers at- cost

McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla..




'. ." '
; :Th e 1or1 da: :TD1 :Patai: :Line: =: -
'S E With the Connections.The '
7 Magnificent :
,: : ;. "

S "!: ::;I ." Great Fast Express Freight System of. the South. -

The attention shippers directed to the Plant 8. S. Llnerbetween Havana.Key West and Tampa,and pontb t Florida Railway between T.mp and Sanford S. P.a W.Ky.between
Jacksonville,Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Uce between Savannah,Philadelphia, Boston and New
.York,and Merchant and M Inert Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points In Florida and all
pe&fcs North and Northwest..! Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections: '
...._ _...__ .
AUJlTtt" UU6'.... I I 8011TH 'Dnnwn....'-.
Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jescp, Bainbridge and Double dally fast freight service from all point North and West via Albany Balabrkkn.
Savannah Jesnp and Savannah to all points In Florida;fast freight trains both via Gainesville k?
Dally fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonvllle,Callahan and Live Oak. "
gad Coast points,. Including New!York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company sMllag nom
t+11denoe. New York(New Pier 85( ,North River)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday aid
Foar connections a week for New,York via OceanSteamabtpCompanleavtnc Savannah Saturday. .
Mondays, Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays.Two The Boston,and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June!.11,
connection a week for Baltimore,via Merchants! and Mlnen'Transportation Company -. 18 and 26 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at,Savannah with feat
,lea v- ug wavannah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for all points In Florida. -
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Companleavlni Savannah From. Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., 'leaving Philadelphia may 0.; if aid 9B
Jane 4,11,18 and 96, every five days from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah. f
Connections for Philadelphia' (every" ten day via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners TraB.portaUonCo.every ...
Savannah June 4,14 and 24. Friday, making close connection with 8.,F.* W.By.for all point IBJ'IefW&.i
Bailing days for Steamships are subject to.change without notice. .

The Florida DUpatch Line lithe quickest!and best freight route from all points North,East andTO' et to Florida For full particulars,rates,stencils and wag rtceJfts apply to
.-" try agents of the above lines,or to WM.:p.HABDEE Gent Freight A feet,BavaBBftb,Ga. "
Q.D.OWENS,Traflo> Manager,Savannah,Ga. F.B.PAFY,AasU Traffic Manager, Savannah,Ga. W. M.DAVIDSON, Genl TraAe'Afeat,"JackseBvttie,FU.
.f:' J.p JOKBAK,Trav.Agent,Qulney. ,:. J.E.DBATTOX,Tray Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.Srxraxvs,Agent,Jacksonville. .
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.Orrcllarrd.1 connection with nitrogen; with potash, I The hygroscopic moisture in the air I that some years since, when the original -

C rrOile andDIEBAOK and with both. Hoping that the dried soil (a very important determi meager supply of potash had be- .

above request is not imposing upon nation so far as the power to retain i come almost exhausted, a liberal
AND POTASH. your time, I am, moisture and resist effects of drouth is I application of muck, together with

An Article Which- Every Fruit- Yours truly, concerned) was made by heating 5 "blood and bone," phosphoric acid
Grower Should Read. CYRUS VV. BUTLER.A grammes of the air dried in a tarred and nitrogen was applied, but as our

The following letter from,a gentle fairly complete examination. platinum dish for eight hours, at no friend says nothing about potash, it is M

4 man in the southern portion of the been made of the soils ,thus submittedfor C =230 Fahrenheit.! In both cases probable that the very thing that was

State explains itself, and forms a very analysis. As considerable time the result was very low. most of all needed was either not sup.

preface to the investigationsmade has ,been spent in this research, the The analysis of the two samples of plied at all or mostly carried away by
proper in response thereto. It is there- results are published in full. It is sifted air dried soil was,as follows: the rains. The trees were stimulated {

fore published in full: hoped that the facts thus brought to SOIL NO. I. SOIL MO. 2. to an unhealthy growth. It is likely
light and the conclusions arrived at Insoluble" Silica (sand) 95.3600 pr c. 96.4600 pr c. that for a time they showed unwonted
Aluminic Silicate
FLA. Oct.
ST. 15, 91. be of advantage to others than (clay)....:......_ 6:00 II .5800 It vigor. This is usually the first resultof
Robinson Tallahassee may Soluble Alumina ....... II f
Mr. ,Norman 2400 .2100. the of
application nitrogenous ma-
our correspondent. While it is wise Ferric 'oxide (oxide of. "
Fla.: ................... u "
to be cautious in the expression of iron) .6800 .. .7000 nures. But there was a fatal defect in ,
... "
DEAR SIR-I send you by to-day's ,opinions based solely upon soil analysis Calcium Magnesium oxide oxidemag.(lime( ) ) .2800.0800" .1000".2100 the food supply. The trees thereforedid

mail two samples of; soil, hoping that I think it will be conceded ,that a .i Sodium Potassi'm oxide oxide(sodaY.(potash...). .0081.0104"II -.0145.0128 "" the only thing that trees so situa-.
you,may find time to give me such r careful study of the subjoined tabular Phosphoric anhydride < ted could do. They adapted them-
(phosphoric acid)..... .1630" .1368 "
information their constituents :
concerning selves conditions.
to existing
estimates throw no little light'upon a Sulphuric acid a trace. They
as may be necessary in solvingthe comparatively obscure subject, ana Chlorine a trace moisture........ < "shortened sail," pruned off limbs
question of further treatment of may furnish valuable hints in treatinga Carbon Hygroscopic, free and combined .6400" .4300 that they could no longer find foodto

orange trees under the following con diseased condition of the orange ,nitrogen, oxygen,humus hydrogen support. In common parlance they

ditions: tree, which is widely prevalent, and etc.................... 19385 1.1459" "took the die back" and waited, and ;
,Soil No. j is from a mound in a which, though similar in results, is IOO.OOOO- IOO.OOOO- possibly are still waiting, for more

seedling grove upon common pine probably by no means identical in As it is only through the agency of potash before venturing upon any
land, underlaid with .yellow sand to a symptoms or;*origin. water that plants obtain nutriment extended or vigorous development of

depth not exceeded by roots of trees. The samples as received appearedto from the soil, and only the portion sol leaf or limb.

Five years ago this grove was treated be typical specimens of the South uble In this medium that is immediately Of course the foregoing diagnosisof

with bay-head muck (which was Florida gray high pine land soil. On. available as plant food, it is obvious the trouble in our friend's grove

limed) and blood and bone. The closer examination soil No. i was that a carefully prepared ''soilextract" may be all wrong. A thorough exam-

trees soon afterward showed signs of seen to contain small particles of is likely to throw great light ination of the conditions now and .

dieback, especially upon the mound. white substance, which on examina- uponthe question of the needs, fertility, previously existing, in addition to the

Since then it has been treated with tion proved to:be carbonate of lime, etc., of any given soil. Such a "soil facts this analysis discloses, would be

various commercial fertilizers and,kept with a small portion of the phosphate. extract" was made by the repeated necessary to determine this point.
clean,, except during rainy seasons. Other obviously foreign ingredientswere re-percolation of nitrogen-free distilled Even then some hidden and undiscov-

The trees upon the mound have observed (small fragments of water through fifty grammes of erable agency may have greatly aon- -Y

grown worse, until now the 'tops are dried animal tissue, etc.,) which no the air-dried soil. tributed to the result. But upon the
not over one-fourth the'size that they doubt came from recent. applicationsof This "soil extract" showed the excellent Baconic principle that whereone

were five years ago. Last spring fertilizer. following results., adequate cause for any specific

.began the use of phosphoric acid and In No 2 nothing of the kind was The amounts given are parts in one effect is found, it is idle to search for .

potash,leaving out nitrogen, and let observed. The general treatment of million or, what is the same thing, the another, I think I am pretty safe in .

the grove grow up in ,grass in, June. the soil was as follows: (Of course number of pounds of water.soluble assuming; that in this particular in-
The trees have now lost their dark- only the merest outlines of analytical material in 500 tons of soil. stance at least, want of potash was the

,green color, and some leaves event methods ,can be given). First, the SoIL SOIL direct source of the trouble in our-
*'show little and indicate the NO. I. NO. 2. friend's
a yellow .
soil thoroughly dried in an air grove. '
was water-soluble ..... Ibs. Ibs.
need of a complete fertilizing; but I bath for 10 hours at 30 C., ((85 Fahrenheit Gave.... to Phosphoric potash. 10 71'. 39 46 [Prof. Robinson's article, in the
"' ......: "
would like to know the constituents ). Then zoo grammes of-each Nitrogen. 16 13 November Bulletin, is long and treats
of the soil before applying nything. : was passed through a 20-mesh sieve, In discussing the probable origin of two distinct topics. We have there-

But if this is asking too much of you, and the portion passing throughwas the "die-back" among our friend'sorange fore divided it and the second part
could you inform me as to whether carefully bottled for analysis.Of trees it is well to rememberthat will be found on the next page.]

,oxide of iron is-indicated in this case soil No. i failedto while no single analysis can fully *
or not? through, 1.75 the sieve.grammes Of soil determine the character and constituents FO t-Rotin Orange and Plum Trees. .
pass of field or it is highly Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: .
Soil No. 2 is from a young grove No. 2 any grove
1.35 grammes. that these two samples are Although not-an it .
where I have apparently eradicated a The first consisted of woody fibre .probable orange grower
caused fairly representative of the soils from seems to me from what I read that the
mild of dieback cot-
case ( by more or less decayed, together with
tonseed4 meal) by the use of phosphoric the small lumps of recently applied which they were taken. Assumingthis foot-rot trouble is caused by too much
alkali iri the soil either lime
acid and potash alone. I fertilizer The second was apparently to be the.case, let us question the caustic or
Under the item potash or both. The fact that laying
analyses. "potash"we
would also like the percentage of phosphoric composed decaying root fibres and
in the bare the roots will have a beneficial
find that
in even younger grove
acid and
potash nitrogen woody tissue with adhering soil. A
this esential element is dangerously effect this. The heavy application -
this sample, but again, if this _is' asking partial analysis of this coarse material proves
starvation while in the of concentrated manure will surely
the point
near ,
too much of would to the results 'W
you following ::
know whether. oxide of iron is needed gave.Coarse material from No. I........ 1.75 grammes older grove even the meager quantity bring this about, 'and when we con- .
'11 Silica(sand) ..........,,........,..18.10 percent. of pounds to the million has diminished sider that much is applied where it is
in this 145
case. Calcium Carbonate..........., .13.93 per cent. '
Both consist of soil taken Calcium phosphate:............u..!.. 3.50 per cent. to 81, while the 29 poundsof of but little if any use- -right close
il I* samples Nitrogen:......... .......-....... .58 per cent. down around the and there is
" has to trees right
from a dozen different adjacent places, Potash....-.. .... ..... ............ 04 per cent. water-soluble gone ,
I t from the of V table fibre etc..i .............63.85 per cent. only '10. The phosphoric acid on the where the trouble lies. The same '
SWl face to a _depth : one material from No. ........
Coarse 1.35 grammes
.. foot; so"ar. fairly.rjppoeeDt the tree's Silica(sand)from No.2.............20.10 per cent. other hand is considerably increased ;amount applied four or five feet away
...( Calcium carbonate(not estimated) fertilizers and that would not do the harm thlt an application -
< ([due nodoubt to ), ,
dSf'f' ": olr>'f '> Calcium phosphate................. .1s percent.
.. '" ,
1 ;; I h the Bellview (not estimated)...... .... too; both in the water-soluble and in- nearer' to the tree will do, at
ifn.MWlt Nitre ... .............
t ......... .01 percent. condition. It would least that is experience with some
, r 1 oi kate 'alone, and, in.r < Vegetable fibre etc...;..............69.71 per cent.I' soluble seem my ., -
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'Marianna, plum trees. They were where we get things. Bindl fl"und POTASH immORIDA SOID. human vandalism does not interfereand
affected in the roots; the tops showed from th to ThtOs p iowtt tet n Lgt' Mtiri fires are kept away, it will not be
." -, no sign for some time, but gum oczed hold soi on5.ifitm .'vtum thc! ons The Y- Fruit very many years before the sand bank
out from the trunk, and in every case begin to swell cut the binding be- arowjng.Potash becomes fairly fertile and;under es-
where the dirt was taken' from the tween scwnsBlfr If the scions should allonewi iMiuiUysuiis" comes from the pecially favorable conditions may become -

foots aad lauare tjje tre -ecoycred. {& ( ,do)* eilijzel.g! in'tl t decompositlpn of various minerals;,..e x-I the.fiche thammock ".
'.-TheSr p ilication! away {roi"th* trees sprouts come, wit. Of! tump, save | he isti 7.g jn primitive rocks :(orthoclasemu&pvjte !1:I Now'" let us see- what ;*iapP i *when
/ .had nA, liad e &tr o ? trees t that i twS]cL best,VS arid#*lbud i them In Jane ill G bibtite Vic; ldicite, %ec F). The- : maiD 't takes possdisionoC*o 19 / thisjU'irgm
\ did net save tfiwr! ro t3 cleaned! ,died. j jTo 'raise .tock Item seed make a ("weathering;' ,or slow ,disintegration, soiland! ubj> | needs
The'fop5 affecjed wge-tliejarge.jcfnes t! : plat pfgre4i V dTperfe0iiiy levell gru&1jna of these! primarj rocks gives .ise to all, and)usesJ : ewery'firsta tt_ he
R .. near the tree. The outer roots re-* .T;w asjhes*'b xjhe _plat HI with _six soils and oil4:'cpnstituents. PpBh7e.ver :does- is to i invert nature's methods..
cnauJwi)alike aong''tittte after the top inch'boards, 'having 'three "inches; putj: ; ow vbecomips. soluble in 'watertliem'moment ;He destroys-'ih|, Yegetkupn.! ..--lie
wa?deaHr: 4 frbwvMr Editor if an of round, roll''or {tramp'the's'oil'down'rm '' it1S released from its plows under the ':"g rats. HgL 'ciits
T excesstve-app tcatton-too"near'a-'plum- sow 'yoursecd (sour) broadcast, combinations. When the soil is-de-' down the trees'an undcrbfusru.''The
.tree has. a,'bad effect, is .it nptjeaspnable -' then.coveriwp ,incb .deep.-with. leaf rived: from underlying neighboring wopdy fibre J that by its gradual$! decay.
to suppose .when, .we* see:' appther mould (after-.it,isfinished) ;and-firm-it. rocks.the .potash: is, however, largely migfithaveretained- for a::' wide. the
;kind:affect .,the.same way tha tithe: Then .build a.rack, twp,. four ;or'six retained, in it. for-: reasons that will soluble plant food is mostly .burned
,C8us-e..i thn same?' feet'high, and.coyer: with .rushes;saw presently appear. When, ,however, up-:goes off,in Vises and''snioke.' : : Sun, ,\
hi 3In jeply: to'several, :readers will?say grass, :or anything to,sh def :and, yet as in Florida, the..soil js Jto a great ex- _air, moisture'.haye :f full play .upon the
that ..the Mexican clover', ..and the let: the; rains through,, evenly Then tent ,ihe'result: of the decomposition of naked 'soil'arid aid-in; the, work of de-
;fCldver-sppken,: of i:.by Mr. Si :are, ,not water and more water. Seed: planted distant rocks, and has been carried a struction. The,.first rain that i comes
;alike- The Mi iexican jst ,an;-:annual from now tilt February should: beone:: long way'by the action of water cur- begins ,to dissolve 'out ..and' r .
: and ,.grows 'only :pn i cultivated 'land foot, high nextDecember andready,, to rents, and pnly.the .resulting sedimentis away and'.carry down what. the vegetation -
like;;crabgrass. Where,;,seed [,can i, ;,be transplant. nursery .rows.three feet left, the potash 'and other soluble of ages has slowly brought} 'up
.. ofeCained, I do know Jhave .and foot.in the', substances' have extent ,
[ not ; I apart, one row.: to a large from below.: Theclay, the reservoir
,gone andcannot: furnish',anyi; Ij.ent, I, Tom, don't try to bud or graft anything been dissolved;out ,and carried awayto from.which the potash originally came,
fsome'plants: ,to;a' party, and;if they i ; unless it is in a. good -he tthy that great:: waste basket ,of. :theworld is top deeply buried: to :'catch more
prove a. success, ,L will offer ,some growing condition. 'You'll get mad; I ,, the ocean: than a m agre' portion? of this escaping -
plants; through the: :advertising' col.umn3pf and 'don't bud too soon in ,the;spring.Vhen Indeed, if it,'were not for one,curi fertility. And'SP,;'unless"there'i's' 'a
r ;. this paper.'. -: -. ti '..1svX.he. ;" ) .'trees begin to startthe% sap is ous-fact.potash would: not.,be foundin constant and intelligent effort to,make
i : Jap; nesei wineberry Jam thin: :and watery; let the."sap 'get. a Florida at all, at' least in' the' southern good this waste,, the tiller of the soil
.;.afraidwil: :;npt*.,do much, jiere,,in Jhe little: waxy, and as far as'possible ,bud and ;easterp portions of{' -ft; andnear'iy find,his fields gradually going back to
.$outhat, least those planted here died seedless fruit. It takes' 'more, .from the_whole' peninsula would be their primitive condition, arid becoming
i -,out: in ..the ;summer .'.\Yillr: giye; it I your: land to produce the, ;seed in .a a hopelessly:barren waste., We speak :again,a, barren*heap'of"sand "
: another'trial.; :: -. : seedy orange than It"does to producethe ,familiarly of clay as a, 'f sticky1'; mate- ,It is no easy problem therefore: that
bvx:. ;. XULIUS.,SCKNADELBACH,' pulp and rind, pf at:least;jhree oranges rial.< The term' is ,appropriate,as indicating the orange grower has to deal_'within
.rs.Grand.; ,,;.'.."Bay,Ala..' .. _., T '.. .-, -", without seed, 'and no.; one:wants !; an ,obvious physical: character cultivating the :average Florida
I Orange .Culture" Reply\> .to Tom. the seed. I use blood and' bone::on istic.. But,,it..is sticky, a much more soil. When the land is level and the
--1,1 i.: % 'Sawyer.-- ;;.i'--- backward trees, young groves, and important sense., It has a :wonderful l drainage slow, the escape of potash
'.EditorJFafmerand: Fruit GrowerJ: !nurserystock;i'' high:grade sulphate of ,way pf taking up.and retaining: ..amultitude and other soluble forms of plant Jppd
.*lo Shake J 1.We .that is,. I/ admire.la; potash,and; pulverized bone, on, .old. of substances- with which' it is less rapid There ,are.' 'probably,
man with a good, digestion, and :who ,trees, :and humus. for the. ammonia.I'll ,does not chemically .coznbine..In i this however, few :groves or cultivated
t willing to"own' it by::being jolly.l I ; '!11 t !sell| y'9.pap acre..,ot( marsh land, wy.jt,"sticks" to potash,:phosphates, fields of.any kind in the southern and
t do-not: blame ainan.'for.' ,being bilious rpm!, ,.;and! it: will. furnish .you :enoughbullrushes plant food-,in. various forms) .and holds. eastern:parts of.the State where every
wileD; the biliary'ductsp,are; :rebellious; .. to. jmraus five wacres, pf them. with/a tenacity ,which.. defies,the year does npt -witness': some l loss ;of
i bat aperfectlyihealthy' man, wh .'gets grove;i.; but ypu: will have; to C "changeyourshirtthrcctimeseach ordinary solvent! ,power of water, ,andwhich thisincjispensable element. Unfortunately
:i-up;- 'in; he'J: moraing:. ':without. a ,head; : : : day" 1 jipgz i .only ,yields.them. up to the rnys- ,- too, it:is, ..much,easier to point
t ache;ccan eat three squaremealka-day; ; : ;timesa-year; ) while. mowing;,it.;\ ", teripus, ,vital; affinities of growing' out, the" trouble :than' to.suggest :a
.work: -ten' hours-and; afford to.;put!;on :-:.i : .NUMBER NINE. plants.. Jt thus becomes jiature's remedy, The application of clay,
.,thredryshirtx: : :each day,:has) no..excuse'for Ormondon-theIialz,DecA ?.1891.'Pine .'. ,_ great,conservfltor_ of ,fertility. Oxide the great :conservator of plant food
otherwise than iron ,humus few.other substances and: is
being : .jolly. of ,. and a especially potash, always expensive
'As ap: opleWe: a'regetting too serious; : Straw 'foie Mulchlnj/." : possess. a ,.somewha.;; similar r and usually impracticable.Muck .
v alhbusiriess; ''busin ess. We ieep:iput- J Editor; anner andFruIf-:Gro : property: though? .in a muchjower .de- :- though.of great value in other
ting off .eating tour,taffyMill- finally'we What is the effect, oj!' pine" ;, straw. gree. Clay is the great savings; .bankin respects, if properly applied, has but .
idoa't';like* taffy and ::there bve::.ire; used 1 as ,1E ilching.fororange I ? trees or- i which the spjl .wealth. .of ttie world f little power toi, hold potash. Indeed, '
I nbuild. 3:,'new;' house and dies i .Jl'am ;?tfarberry.plaats: : ? Tlie.reason. \ I asktlth'ii is usually'kept.. [the:only 'practicable: method as yet
-.laying.for.ypu: ) 'Tom .tHat hirtiusiness. |! ,i l\pbservecl\: <{.t the other day thata I As,every onewbo,has; given\ attenjipn contrived to supply at: ;frequent intervals -
ness..., ;ilam'lthe; man ), few rowsof.my.plants: 'next ,to, ,the. 'to,the subject .isaware, ,., the surface : 'enoughpotashfortherainsandthetrees : :
1L oYour'prod tin: thetribsof-: >#SQ\? pipe forest, where the needles had ; split of the; caster i and .southerniportion { both, to keep the soil saturated
emn monument of wisdom:I good. been.blown off and scattered over the of .it the State: ; (with: some few with:a :weak solution, '''so that :while .
As'::BillNyesaysj; *'dignity'J19'more! ground, .were npt lopking w lJ,*ana a exceptions) contains -very.little clay l :the 'waste'.from'drainage is going.on,
.' native farmer told: 'me;that straw matter oj f very liulepptash. fair share of'the
tfeesignioCwfedbm.thanapapercollartis pine and, t tasa. course. !trees may get:a runaway
'of ashirt/r: Butt 4igressfrpm: what wpUld Injure1;any'crpp-by'souring the ... ppjrtunately,, however, .at :. f fertility.. _A 'more expensive,
,Ji; ; iritended oriith'e :start;>and !thatis, grpuhci.< '- ''Do::"ypu' think the- resin""pr vary ing depths, underneath. this sili* i wasteful, :and altogether unsatisfactory .
toa; wver? to: the best'ofrmy' wl- ether v egefable-matter;leaching.:put fof qious covering; there: ,are usually found I solution of the problem it would be
edge two'of'-yo t"-questions in 'your I the slfaw' would.. ":injurious-:; :land layers clay{ often impure; sandy, hard to devise The. man, who r will
t.Postscnpt tqortb/>rv* O rii N.. veil. or_ to the'cropS'," growing in it? '' ". ,but still genuine! ;: clay. Sere, is :a give us some practicable methods of
L i': -y ,- '" T L. source and res rvp.irQr fertility. nNo; keeping:soluble potash salts iintil theyare
r- rX (; -sour orange trees 'start.iiow,' I". 'Bradford.Co.. .' I sppner: does; yegetatiori of any:' kind needed !for' plant :food, in: .soils
''': ooikin'around'them-Tloo'd'and bone !... The general prejudice'of the native find a.foothold !in such a soil than 1 it 'composed almost .entirely of silica,
''pr''!arii jpther: stimulating, manure. i farmers against ',pine 'straw"probably? 1 begins; the. work of soil .improvement.Ev will;confer a greater' boon upon:Flor-
.: When i they Begin, to' grow t thriftily :arises from the:fact"'that:Crops growingnear ry: plant; busy tapping this underlying ida than, any yet: recorded in the annals -
p two! abo 'sy them off ''square, 'a pine-' forest are:robbed"by 'the fountain-pumping it J up to the of the State. -
j tree' a,:the. "ground, put; 'in' 'tree-rodts'which reach widely, around surface, .and struggling, ..wJlh.all its :Phosphoricacid is here; of wide
"'- /{romtj' p 'to':four1 slip grafts, flattejijng i :and'"'produce a. stunting which:'is, erroneously lit might!, turn a barren,sand ,1 heap! distribution, though comparatively'
'one: side 'ott e 'scion, and slipping charged to1 the straw. 'The; into fertile_soil.. The= ,pines.and the insoluble, and often' in amply:sufficient .
them down froni top" pf stump]; l>etween :strawberry growers who have used it oaks do'this same beneficent work.on quantity for the 'present ad:future
bark 'and wood; 'Vkxf J,:the think: it fully; as good for'mulching as grander scale. Twenty, forty, sev-: needs of plants. Assimilable
':\'.seams-, -ani1; .the wHble'top: pjffitump'if' wlre-grass,. 'if nor 'betten The chief .!nty feet down you will find 'their\ nitrogen comes down In every rain
4 "' yoircaagord'.it,: ;;j if,riot; airit'toir: !of. objection-to''it Comes from trio\ pickers, rootlets industriously hunting out potash drop and is;,gathered byr hundreds*bf
: stump; thenUntwrst, marling]! ; "or-, :sblJ'S ,who complain IhatlKe'-'stiarK pointsrofthe \ bringing it above ground to their native plants, and accumulates in 'ev-
.'ttarredjunk; J come 'over arid1>' [I1 will needles, warping 'up i ift'I the.shin} expanding trunks, and each year contributing ''decaying: particle I :of aaiwal:' ,and
'..-give you a ,,piece' six." 1J long, with prick'' their, 'knees: Whatisthe'eIPe- i of their 'superfluity through vegetable! But the same shower
,.;;.1Aoo-strahds,,"'enough'''to' :f shtpu''f\yo': Hence "ofbur:; 'orange;grdwi !g ''rea'ders decaying leaf and branch to the'slowly that .brings s.ii.down: teenyi, k ;ariefoamcarries.it
'7th !\ : rnw.Ja 4 :: .:. .:,:' n k.; f vtful--: '
years i we-gerlt' ronxthebeach; "I; tih'aVs1 with it? ED. : accumulating stock of.soil.fertility.;- Jf away inaKHH: r., vf etJ -
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ash:tfie least,abundantpfalt> 'the essential varieties, and were, plantedjri J 'the:winter i : compromise: : = between: high pine.-1 and yaia o.,by s::St. Loins! (firnl,,namelyjtThat n

.,elements:.of.plantfood l ,, is.here, ,the }pt '87,. ,were' (strong and }healthy; twQods;.; dark sand on aclay .sub- -'when' -nine-pound baskets of
most fugitive. The doors for Its, es.cape roots? large, down two feet', dil a!dark spl) that,is.about four feet dp wn;,'vines Concords can:'bet r.etailed.lor ,twenty- -

are,all wide.,operi. 'It runs:away gi its n?, rQose,.c'hanging. butIittleinpblpr ; Niagaras, except two Diamonds .a H) five. ,cents. 'per basket consumption
through, 'our Jeachy soils,' likewaterthrough" as far down as foots were found planted the spring of "'88; imported will be practically. unlimited," seems,
a sieveeof ". : ;:r" '. '' Three rows of Diamonds, planted i in vines, except' a Jew 'rows planted, las to pQld good.-. : -J" \

." .'course' there): are .soils ..and soilsin '9 p, ,doing! poorly I will take, :them! spring. which! were grown hy him: : ,at .:a./The; freeze of October i2tlvif.it
i Florida.J Almost, 'every.- conceivable outii: nd jeplant wth .NIagara. horn .:Considering'the little..fertflizUigJhe taught anything: clearly showedthe, ;
grade is represented. There;are >Ir, P.. P. ;ihl J extenslv.e: regions in the northern! ; ,and one and a half miles northwest; TDiamonds,are.looking"fairly 're.lI" upon the,popular taste, and. consumption .
'western: 'portions 'of the State;.where .pf Orlando,.Jisj 1 on Rock Lake; land i andfhave. produced some fine,grapes. ,, 'There' .was.no doubt as to the loss 1l '
r the, "pe ..vy'ted'' clay} predominates.i about eight feet:"above; the.lake; vines His soil, seems to mike early fruit, as i in, the fine' qua/hY from 'that freeze.
Here. there ,is ptash In '"fair prpppf- yigofpusarid healthy;; soil a_ dark, sand. he got in ahead;; his first _sales were l It.seemed, wise:.to at once stop heavy: :
tiphs. Even in the ea terp.and We found roots of-vines down two here at home. ,. ,at forty cents, and the shipments of such ,damaged goods .!
southern parts of the State 'tHefe. re, and a half feet. They were, planted last twenty cents per pound., and for a ;time there was an almost I
limited,areas where a ,50in whalslmi. in 'tbe.spring Qf '.g9. '- T.;;Gilford's one-and a-half acre: vineyard entire cessation.. When a. few\ days k ;
lar condition of things exists -Nevertheless .Sv; g: Gurslys five acre vineyard, four miles southeast of{ tMando, ; later, some of( our heavy,,growersshipped -:; -
itremains4rue than take the three miles *east: of ,Orlando,: on high some vines are Early Dawn, grown off, a few hundred ,baskets just .as -
State as a -wholepotasE is- the one pine land; soil a, 'rey sand; vines from cuttings, home; have been three experiment,-and" the, returns came

thing needful,. arTd< the ..writer feels planted .the, winter pf \BThe, leading years planted, producing well;; ,some back,. they were, ,the' most surprised)
i that he cannot do: ,a greater't service i vines :are .Niagara;, several other Delawares. three rows, a part of, each men in, the, county to ,find\ those pff'
to ,the, crop and ), 'egetable.anc\ fruitowiugl Varieties..had beeri;'.planted,that are,not row: grown by grafting ohJEarly Dawn: quality .grapes bringing. the highest .
g ,industries of The( State( .than satisfactory. 'We;examined. the,jopts and 'some on wild vines;. vigorous,anc, prices of the season,, The reason is
by emphasizing,this,cardinal fact, and of the largest vines; the ground', was finer producing a fine crop: the past easily .stated. For'.a time the'demand ,
by; impressing' upon all whp.are .en- full( I qfihem( -a; desirable location for season. The parts of rows, not; from far outran,the supply,. and aa, cons?

gaged "tilling the.soiL the importanceof I the. VIne. grafts; though healthy, are. not. nearlyas juence prices. went .up.-Vineyardisti.His :.
Jrequentand, Hberat.aDplicatfonsb.r IhgraKam Fletcher's two-acre vine* ,vigorous1,as the grafted vines ,He ,, j
bhotce J
, potash.. d yard; about. two miles, west of' OrIando t thinks,, welloC( the. Earlyi>Dawn .and ,ofDeYaware -
'. "NORMAN ROBINSON,. The land is low,> ':being.a deg when-grafted. Vineyardonrolling Jn, n' article )headed i ,'l\\ y.Grapes ,

-_ .;... :u .': ,._ SfateOhemist.1: l pressipn.: Niagara ana ,Diamond, pine land,. soil! a, gray sands, in 1891,"ft.Mr.. E._ ,P.. Powell,.of 0neida
planted in the spring .of90; the mos with ;a )loose subsoil, eight to, ten, feet County, Y,, has; the following j in.
them failure: 'dead. small lake.. He is the Ymeyardist: "Another: grape'that
.. of. .a many > \Ve above a' making.
: : ..'Tl1'; e" 1l:mey r.d '- ,< took; 'but; a vine that was less .titan,' a his little vineyard; very profitable. for once has borne fairly and shown'' .. I
flavor Prentiss. have
-- ... foot above the water;; twelve inches (Across the xoad is Wm.. Perry's some is I eaten, '

.,Edited. by, E.,, DUBOIS, Tallah.m.ee, ,. FU. deeper .was.hard.pan., Near the road two acre vineyard: He showed me some bunches quite goody Oh the
.,If ._ a Jew vines, on' land a, few Inches two :Early Dawn vines planted .seven contrarYr my Brightpns. have a dead, i
The Soils;: of Orange County... higher! ;are leading a kind of sickly 1 life! ; years ago.that 'have. produced, good flavor. But ,going over, my vineyard
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:. : on,the whole thing was the fmprmt'o. crops.annually.. He has propagated' again, picking here and there, and
',1 hope you will. 'excuse:the delay l ;in fauur.e.: s'everalhundred.vlnes, from;them whichare tasting and thinking, .l_see_.no reason, :,
h4ng.your, readers Jesuits'of my TheHarkness grove vineyard, three_ producing, well l t.and as they are a for changing my mind about most varieties -:
investigations in.the(different vineyardst miles northwest of Orlando, six acresDiamond' few days earlier than Niagaras\ he gets I would place,at the head of ;
, have examined, as I -Have> been quite i. 'and Niagara land a low spotbetween good prices for the fruit. Four rows black 'grapes,l Worden and Herbert
out of health and am now'nptable.tqwrite" ,two small cypress swamps ; of. .Diamonds; planted: in vineyard of :grapes L Brighton, Ulster Grert-
: out,as' fully as 'I would( ,,like the It,' was well .drained ,down o. .five with Early Dawn on one side; and ner, Salem; of'.'white i grapes, Diamond. .,
} many,points of interest learned: astp feet. Went down under some,.of the Niagara ,the other, are' very poor. and Hayes. I am amazed. to read, of 4
t *the culture of the vine herein'i"lbnd: u vines .four, feet t through.a clammy, ,cold? My attention'was called to'a Diamond others for; whom, Lady gives ,would '
first visit the sand.to ,hard vinesdead in : ,wild'vi last* winter fine; bunchesI,. only wjsh it "
t My. : was to EmpireVineyards ? : pan; deep 'roots, Of ? graft.set a e ,)
; f ,then
, two' mires west'of: Orlando, and though 'the soil ,was \y'eU showing the same weakness with those ; it should;go to the head
accompanied Mrr P, P. Ink, one drained and there was notrouble"fromwaters on their;own ro ts.. The vines were of, rthe list. Its flavor r is perfectbut, :1
. of the proprietors, and Mr. JV;.. t .some poison such as:we;find mall planted'in the spring of '90..- it .hears, year" after, year,,only a few

: Forsyth; a man of.experience'm.,vineyard ;-. such naturally low ,Iands i is, killing JAMESMorn defective.' ,bunches. : .;
, culture. The vines in the "," "Oiir grapevine growers 'ought tt-,
are Niagaras, tbe/yines. these were planted (Remainder next week:]
i planted last spring on n wl land; sit i spring; of 1896_ .. v,. .. . ; publish the truth. in ,their catalogues vmany.
uated on a lakeaboutetghtfeetabovewater \ Air.;L. ,C. ,Fars' Hiwassa; vineyard i; The,arapo Crop of 1891 about ,the, almost cert in/ failure.-of. '
three four of miles Orlando five The ,* ,of i is 'fine sortS when planted l .alone.Brighton l .:
,except or acres :\ seven : west , ,: lower} land. We, found: v nes.on the acres, .mostly Niagara and all grown: rally over. It is rather early to :give must be planted with some
; higher land vigorous and'.of,a.healthy by, him.on the: ,place. 'The J first vines, complete footings! of shipments .and. sort I like Duchess! or .Ppcklington; ,sa

. growth;, roots In .some cases' already! r cutting;?;::were planted four years receipts, but, the gross. tonnage will with",LindleyRogers1 "30, and nearly
:, down two and a half Jeet, On the agojast springs, and putout; in. .vine*: probably crowd.closely the ,090.car- all I of Rogers': hybrids.

t lower>> land, only two or: three,}feet, put ard when"one. year .pld.4\ .0ne vine. loads! of 1800, for the South Shore ,of .. .. .., .. .. o'
of water, and,a,hard,pan underneath l ,, measured ,t\v\rb,and alialf inches sip diameter (lake Erie m dhautauqua county.andpartof ; 1 | WORTH:.A GUINU: OL".;; ; .
many vines,dead,, others,with the. ,sur* : ; above;..ground.: :Vineyard; is Erie county;,. Pa., As to prices, -- ---r .J"oo'J d_.'_.--__-_ -'._--.- ,--"--

face,roots, ..growing ,some but the; cleeprootsldead. on high.,pine land, sixteen. feetabove, his..year' has!i .been"thee- severest' test "
. .. ; '. ;One point.noted vasahat: take:'.Hiwassa; soil: a,, dark, ,sand u, the,l d'l: trbas'yet., ), received.It : /
about. half the vines evidently ,had. changing but,little as.far down: ;as:wewentlroots is the first time that we have hadto
been second class, :while the others ;' : reaching down ,three,feet;, i .place -20,000, tons :of grapes; on a :
were (from another nursery, and''I thinK soil loose and,11riable; well! .suited ,to market: already! surfeited! ,: from4Maine. f'
these are now twice as', .large. as .the theyfne., ,, Biit little. manure;has. ,,been to Florida:} with;all kinds of fruit. ::: .j.
former. used.. ''I have oien"tn the, season vof Peaches,--the, largest, crop .ever,;. '$
:'At Mr, ]'. : '1 grapes. seen, him bring )them,;mi. to. known,:-Bartlett. ..pears, .selling in, tfv.'family d are more often the result of.{<
\ acre.vineyard DelawareandNiagara: ; ,;! Orlando i for market. Hartford, Prolific ., New York City at fifty cents per '
planted .in the spring of 90, the, :vines, Delaware,; Niagara i ives, .and bushel l, usually worth four to six, times i tT.i: i' iijiiAis! '
saw tSeni when fn Concords .. ,fine asl have hat .money--Georgia' watermelons
are. very', fine* I ;, ) ; as ever: seen ,: .II'I".*ftait i.4*.
., fruit t".andlt, ,was\very fine ,Indeed ;for in _any: .section., His past seasonscrop mocked,down by the.car lot, in Buf- I'I'L' /y.b, curiDLtHck
such young vines.: brought a net fifteen. cents,per faro to pay freight charges. From the titomaet'" HeadacheImpaired Blte.t4oa.. W DI...k. -
Land 'within a quarterof.a.mile> of,a. pound. Some: Diamonds, planted: !, in;; outset it was inevitable that :we must' 'all ordered HlMn.layer,and, N Con.rr..tIp a.; JHord U m, r<* .
l lake 4 ,I judge'ft was:eight t.feet; r above he,spring of, '90'are:poor;sayshe: will see ,comparatively lo'y'grap ,,prices.Ye arising Of all druggists.Price from tke.e ean 3ft....teats: .a b .uiNew r
.water ;a grey! sand,: with ,a. loose; fri, di'g;.them putt( ilr. Far is;one of:our; believe. .the result-j justifies .the fol-, It::_. __! York Depot.-,6sCnalSt:: c < s
able"l subsoil as Jar down as wewent;, I best> 'vlneyardists i ; ,he.remarked, while i} l lowing points:. "'." .
, roots .down \hree-and, :a J half,feet:' ,1: I.[.was.going under',his vines,that, "the 'i.: -No other fruit: will l in the future: .Ii "..;. A A' XA8T' *,.BEAK.. m.VBOU:
KOOT T 'lnJU ad,
would calKit, J fine location for# a vineyard iTgher\the4and} \ grapevine, can, ,be ever supplant1 trie grape, for table des*. .L J'nJ.Fl'e.&rMr.; .,
: t.a: '. the .finer the, fruit ,is : will be bought for ardenwls.lO8ZTUL.t.h.point. Jadd'tar.r:111p.rltt..p1.atrut7JXTORMAT _
;, p" !1 down ,on,J' .: p1;; ertiuse. Grapes '' LC.\
zAtJmy.own; : half acct; lrinejard! ,on quality!.". I '\. .'.; ., ,,; .; '" beir.qwn. Intrinsic: merit ..andvalue l ,: Vutf 17.!'1--.nDE.Pt&C..tp"'QtI.Grot ":BmrpriitBC LOW prla.t.,. AppXrur.fflur.Or.'me..Or&fu.,,'
h1llj" pmeand?.. byes;and* Coiicoidvines f ,,;A.iR-iiar tffir'{ n d''oni, ; ; ie' and'; no. !(because, rjiepple .c cannpt 'getother : MHI----4NrJIutl47.'o c&feprt.STAKK lf.lar BKOSM".nr$4 71*it 1V.i.X ft.:.LonUtoti.3i1flLj. A,i
:which had Deen'graiftecl on other. Holden: ,k''s Orlando;; land a fniits. The'"assertionmade a .o-1na4M! 1890S OLDUT.1000 Acrtf;LAJ&MT. .

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: FJri\J'4E' Jr'l] Tl\tfe1\E\ he pens in a large barn every night,. olina below), with a yield 'of 10.2 stand revealed as the hindermost of
winter and summer, feeding,on cotton bushels per acre, while mountainous the great sisterhood of States.
Editorial seed and hay during the winter Vermont is within two of the top witha We cannot cure this disease by ig-
Notes. months, and hauls in pinestraw and ; yield of 33. I. Why does it take noring the symptoms. We must un-
To DESTROY WHITE GRUBS.-Insect other stuff during the spring and sum more than three acres in Florida to tiringly search for the cause of our
Life gives an account of a new and of- 'this barn he hauledone humiliating and when
mer, out produce as many oats as grow on an I present position,
.. French }method of destroying these hundred tons of manure and applied acre in Vermont? found heroically apply the remedy,
pests by inoculating them with disease, to his cotton field-only manur- .Map 4 shows rye, and here againour even,if in so doing our most cherishedand
somewhat as is done with the chinch other and also Florida in white venerable crushed to
. ing every row, put appears pure errors are
_, bugs of Illinois. A specific vegetable from twenty to thirty bushels of cotton., showing her innocence of growing this earth. Thus, and thus only, can
' parasite has been discovered which seed to the acre. He then plants on Florida rise to a position that will

preys on the grub; a large, number of this manured row, and only cultivatesthis crop.Map 5, barley. Here again fair make us proud to be known as her
... these are collected and sold in tubes, row until June, and thereby saves Florida joins the bevy of ladies in citizens. In the meantime a becom-
f to be used in inoculating healthy one-half the cost,of cultivation_ as white who "toil not, neither do they ing modesty will suggest that we mod
e worms, which are then turned looseto hand harmonize with
a can plough over twice as spin. ulate our crowing to .
*. infect their 'fellows. The strawberry much could if he Florida
'ground as he Map 6, buckwheat. againis our agricultural showing.
! growers of Bradford county have ploughed every row, and a hoe hand marshaled with the fair ladies in DUDLEY W. ADAMS.
found the best plan to be to double hoes twice as many acres in a given white unstained by buckwheat, Tangerine Fla., Dec.8, 1891.
plow the land: -that is, with! shallow while California stands in lead with a I .
furrow first then time.About IRISH
deep one on top
: June i he takes a double yield of 20.8 per acre.
4 of that-burying them down deep, in horn plow and ploughs out this other' Map 7, potatoes. Here for the first Trench System the True One.
the fall, then plant some winter crop. dirt and time Florida and Fruit Grower:
row, throwing the to the cotton and last only mounts Editor Farmer
'4: CELERY ,FOR THE NORTH.-Careful her low and stands with It is to the
and putting a mulch of dry loose above place a good plan plow groundand
inquiry reveals the fact that at least earth, about six inches deep on the sixteen States below and twenty-nine work it into a mellow condition

: one Florida grower has been for sev- cotton roots, and when a drought above her. Her yield on this her I in the fall, then open the trenches and
eral years regularly raising two or strikes his neighbor's cotton and it champion crop is 68.3 bushels per leave them to the mellowing and en-
three acres of celery and shipping it begins to shed, his cotton, protectedby acre and the acreage of the country riching influence of the winter rains.
W to the North. 'He times his planting this mulch of earth, is green and is 76.2. The term "trench" is somewhat misleading -

r', so as to. bring on his shipments in flourishing. He then opens a small Map 8, tobacco. Here again we ; ifi h simply a deep furrow'and
April l, May.and.June. For marketing furrow in this mulch and plants a row find our State in her robes of purest not a trench as we understand it in

' r In Florida the plants have to be of cow peas between each row: of cotton white, unsullied by the nicotian I I America (this being an English use of
; set earlier, so as to be ready for shipment while I the word The trench be
and these serve two-fold purpose, weed, Massachusetts heads the ) ought to
i, as early as. February and from as they prevent the boll worm from list with the enormous yield of 1485.4 made with three furrows as deep as
't that until April, when Northern ship eating the cotton as this worm at- pounds per acre. they can be run with a one-horse '

: ments would begin. In conversationthe tacks the pea in preference to the Map 9, cotton. Coming down at plow.At.
other day with a Jacksonville dai cotton-and serves asa fertilizer for the bottom of the cotton States, witha planting time strew fertilizer of
:,: ryman' who also runs a small truck the next crop of cotton,- as he does wide gap to the next above we find about twelve per cent potash in the
farm, he stated that he never had any not allow the vines to be eaten off, the State of Florida with a yield of bottom of the trench (which ought to
difficulty in selling all his celery at' but turns them under the followingfall 106.4 pounds per acre. Next to her be.eightor ten inches deep), and coverit
h home, and seldom had to accept less and spring and plants his next is Alabama with 140.9. ..The !averagefor an inch or two deep. Cut the pota-
than fifty cents a dozen for it. In crop in this row and peas in the old the country being 168., with Lou toes, large ones, into three or four
tr Europe it is said to be bleached by isiana in with and them all
cotton row."What's the lead 232.7 pounds. pieces, drop carefully
limply tying the leaves together, -0 m + with the about foot
May 10, and last, hay. Here we eyes up a apart.
1 r' while a Bradford county grower isI the :Matter with Florida find Florida associating most conge- Cover them an inch or so by draggingthe

I preparing to bleach it with stout paper 'Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower; nially with the tail enders, while our plow along on its mold board,
I cylinders. Through the kindness<<; of ,Hon. J. pet aversion, California, wears the then strew in about",twice as much fer-
"i,.: COTTONSEED MEAL FOR Cows.-A M. Rusk, Secretary of Agriculture, I champion's crown and sits at the head tilizer as before/ the two applications
Pennsylvania Experimental Station am in receipt of an Album of Agricultural with a yield of 1.39 tons per acre. together aggregating say half a ton to
bulletin gives the result extensive Graphics. This album has Here we have a chance "to see our the acre. Cover the third time with
.\ experiments with cows fed on bran, been prepared by J. R. Dodge Sta-
selves as others see us"and are moved, the mold board of the plow, leavingthe
' cottonseed meal and corn meal, sep tistician, and published by authorityof with about inchesof
1& to inquire in dead earnest, "What's the potatoes only two
arately and in combination. Bran- the Secretary of Agriculture. It matter with Florida?" earth over' them. This will leavea

" made butter would melt, on an avert contains ten maps of the United States. Such a' state of affairs does not happen very considerable trench yet to be
age, at 93, while butter made on Each one (by color and mechanical cultivation
,' so by chance. We are in a most filled up gradually as pro
cottonseed meal melted only at 99. designs) shows at a glance the average humiliating position, agriculturally, gresses. But they should never be
But the latter is inferior in quality and yield per acre of one of the principal the
among the tail-enders; and for a strictly ridged, as ridges dry out too readily
will not sell so well. A cow. would crops 'of the country for ten years, agricultural State this is a severe re in our customary spring drouth. When
eat six pounds of cottonseed meal per from 1880 to 1889 inclusive.A buke. We are not in that position the potatoes are "laid by" the rows

day without injury, but it is best every careful ,examination is very instructive without a reason for it. Who is to should be just about level with the
way to mix it with bran. ,A small and interesting, but unfortu- blame? What is the matter? Some; surrounding earth.

amount of cottonseed meal will\ help nately not very flattering to the State body or something has put us at the The potatoes being covered so shal-
the butter jn firmness and. not appre-. pride of a Floridian. In fact, a thor foot of the agricultural class. Is our low, the sun warms the earth down to
,ciably impair,its quality. ough study of this book literally soil to blame? Is our soil such that them and they come up quickly. Being

"busted" my "brag"and involuntarilycame ,we cannot grow respectable crops? Is covered gradually deeper as they grow,
"Alternate Renewal" Farming the question, "What's the matter bur climate at fault? Is our climate when the tubers begin to form they ,
A correspondent of the Mobile with Florida?" such' that we cannot grow respectablecrops are deep in the earth, where they will
Register tells of an Alabama farmer The first map is devoted to corn, ? Are our farmers to blame? have that cool moisture which is so
who has been practicing for years a and shows the average per acre for Are our farmers so slow and unprogressive congenial to the Irish potato, and they
'. system of farming as remarkable in the whole country to be 24 i bushels.. that they cannot grow crops will develop free from rot.
its way as Munson's "alternate re- Florida is next to the bottom with a which will compare with those grown The trench system requires a light,

I newal" system of grape pruning. PCretains yield of 9.7, and New Hampshire by farmers in the other States? Is it mellow soil, or else the seed must have
cotton as a money crop but next to the top with a yield of 32.7. one or two or all of these that have loose manure, rotten grass or trash of
raises also food crops, .and by an ingenious Why does sunny Florida produce less relegated Florida agriculture to its some kind directly about them to hold

system alternates them in the corn on three acres than cold, rocky, present place at the foot of the list? up the weight of heavy sand and give
_same field. He can raise cotton at acbst mountainous New Hampshire does none Let us seriously, earnestly and emphatically them room to spread out in growth
,of four cents a pound; gathered ? Is it the fault of our soil, our put to ourselves the question without being dense and soggy. To
this year 135 bales from 100 acres- climate or our men? What is the matter-with Florida? meet this want of the tuber I used
-4. quality of land not mentioned.'He The next map is devoted to wheat, We go before the world and boastfullyclaim cow-chips last year instead of commer-
is now. convinced that the best and on this map Florida and Louisiana a fertile soil and a most genial cial fertilizer. I hired boysto pickup
plan is to plant his corn and cotton appear-in pure white, indicating that climate. We claim 'to have withinour 400 barrels. I bought crude pot-
In.seven-foot rows. He beds,up the wheat is not gro\yn.to any appreciableextent. borders the soil and climate to ash in Jacksonville and dissolved it in

land in three-and-a-half-foot ,rows, but grow in perfection a greater variety of water. With this I wet the entire
only fertilizes every other row, using The third map is devoted to oats, products than any other State, and mass and chopped it down with a hoe,
.home-made manure and cottonseed and here Florida is within two of the yet, in the.light of this compendium making, it as >mellow as an ash heap.

.,, ..He has twenty five head of cattle that bottom (only Georgia and North Car- of cold, naked, merciless facts, we 'I had a little over half an acre,

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:' from which I shipped nineteen barrels j frequently three.feet and of a propor- l I too fat. The hens may lay well for a 3"

": of elegant potatoes. The..first two 1 1f tionate width, but very fine and silky. Poultry.! short time, but will soon cease, becausetoo

barrels I consigned to Washington, 5. At North Jacksonville Mr. much pushing throws them out of

'I and they brought me a cheque for an Lindsley, whose tobacco I have seen Edited by E.W.AMSDEN Ormond: Fla. condition. There is but'.one really

'. even twenty dollars. The nineteen, :and,tested, raises a fine leaf of eight Forcing: Hens to Lay. good method of forcing a hen to lay,

barrels netted me about one hundred varieties-chiefly Vuelta Abajoonhigh well-known and that is by forcing her, to scratch,
Mr. P. H. Jacobs, a
dollars above all,expenses.. pine, very light sand, fourteen or Eastern authority on poultry and a and work ,for her food. She should

U. D. MINER.; fifteen feet to clay; no lime in the most conscientious writer, has the following have all she requires, but/should earn

'* Btarke. water, so far as I am aware. PC to on the above subject in. it by hard work. Let her seek every 4
claims to produce from 700 to 900 the Weekly Press: grain Keep her busy from early ,

TobacCo. pounds per acre by very. high manure When the hens begin to lay the first morn until night. By this method

ing. His cigars ash solid; the aroma thought.of a poultry keeper is- you will force her to have a good appetite -

satisfactory-an article that ranks a many force her to keep warm, force ,
how to force them to lay without cease
Edited by F.B. MOODIE, ,Lake City. close second to ,our very finest Quincy ing, and as eggs cannot be producedfrom her to throw'off disease, force her to
T cigars. I rest well on the roost, and in that
nothing the poultryman con
"Wrapper Leaf Culture-No. 2. 6. ,As to Mr. Hoodie's soil at Lake I manner force her to lay.
cludes the more food the more
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: City, I will leave him to speak for I eggs; '_*-4-
but that is just the rock which
'j upon Reason? BEECHAM'S PILLS act like magic.
Some of the soils of Florida are himself. The tobacco, from there is .
wrecked for the
are forcing
very much better than others for to. of good quality. many does not limit its operationsin

bacco, but there is no .lack of soils 7. Here at Quincy we have, as most process one direction. In forcing the Compost

that will produce a leaf of sufficient of your readers are aware, a greyish hen any for she is forced to do many .....

value to be decidedly more profitablethan sandy loam, with a red clay subsoil other things eggs which we do not want her Guide to Composting.Editor .

cotton. There are thousands of 'close to the suracej no lime in the be forced becometoo Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
do. She to
acres even in South Florida which water; heavy native growth of live to fat or diseased may or to be utterly In your issue of Oct. 29th Mr. A. J.

will I convinced with and oaks ash Aldrich askes a few questions con
am ? one year water hickory, gum, worthless for whatever.
another, pay better in tobacco than magnolia, etc.; rolling or hilly; water Her capacity is any limited purpose, and when she cerning the composting of Florida's ,

in cabbages. I will give somewhatin from twenty to fifty feet below the is forced that wild grasses. I would suggest that
to beyond capacity
detail several of the representativesoils surface. I think the acknowledged go and is he try "The Bommer method for make:
she breaks down
entirely use
on which tobacco of a fairly good superiority of our Middle and West ing manure," of which Helen Har- "

quality has been grown. Florida soils for the production of 'a less.No hen can. be forced to lay eggs. court says, "This is the tie plus ultra ;

i. The great Gulf Hammock in fine. wrapper leaf consists largely in Nature gives her a certain period of of compost heaps" The O. Judd Co:

Levy county, which I have myself their high percentage of potash, arising time during which the eggs are to be publishes a pamphlet giving a full and

.. visited. This is high hammock, a from the micaceous deposits which developed. It is not difficult to sup: complete description of the method
the flanks of the [ cents] from which the followingare
light gray soil with considerable bodiesof extend down' from ply her with the needed elements for 25
mountain and the soil extracts:"The object of this methodis
red subsoil from range give a
; yellow clay this purpose, and any surplus bestowedwill .
to convert vegetable and earthy
18 inches to two feet below.the surface slightly alkaline character. only be a waste, for if she cannot
; with a limestone deposit from I see the extract you published last divert the material to production of materials into rich, unctuous, durable

six inches to three feet below the surface week states that tobacco does not she will either void them or lay manure without waste, in a short time

and lime in the wells but not in possess good burning qualities when eggs them in the storehouses of her bodyas and at small expense, enabling the

the river. Almost every kind of hard grown on soils strongly impregnatedwith fat,up and will then become utterly farmer greatly to increase almost his usual .. .

wood indigenous to Florida, with blue chlorine, phosphoric acid or cal. unfitted to thoroughly perform her quantity of manure entirely
cium salts lime As the within his own resources, but making'use
and cabbage palmettoes, grape vines, ( ) to phos functions"as a producer of eggs.
acid that remains be tested of such materials as he finds upon
etc. The tobacco grown here- phoric to There are divers methods by which n-

though only a few crops, have, been and no doubt? will be very soon. Butas people attempt to force the hen to lay. his own premises, many" of* which are
the to the calcium salts I am not with- commomly wasted.
produced as an experiment past One will give red pepper to stimulate this
year-inclines to the Sumatra at out my doubts as to its injurious effects them aware'that red "The peculiarities of system .
type not being pepper .
consist in preparing a liquor or lye (a
the Vicks-
present, but;/'withhold an opinion as on the leaf.Ve know that has no more influence on the generat.
to what it may develop. 'Some of it burg limestone, as geologists call it, ive of the hen than so much kind of artificial urine), which, applied t'

burns with a fine solid ash, some of forms the country rock nearly all over sugar organs or salt, and the stimulant effect 'to the compost heap, causes a fermentation" -. ;

it flakes, but further tests are needed. the State, though generally not near derived is only imaginary. In fact, and consequently the decom- '
the surface. But the "pulverulentmass sition of the materials of which it is '
2. At Fairbanks; Alachua county, red is cooling to a certain extent
of fifteen ..
of carbonate of lime without composed, in the space ,
eight or ten miles from known' and its is but tempo-
any all acids
fossils to thirty days, correcting the ,
recognizable forming a nat
limestone deposit, with no trace of Another believes in putting
with rary. while it also fixes and prevents the
ural marl the sands
lime in the water; the soil a high pine, the ,coastconstitutes mingling the, well- tonics in the drinking water, the tonics of the ammonia and other
with subsoil about six feet near of all substances escape
a clay being composed nearly
known Gulf of which the valuable properties. _
down loose, sand oak of which are rank poi. "
; very porous ; in is many "There is something peculiar also '
one Levy county a sample.
and pine forest with crabgrass sorrel sons 'such as a tincture of
And here there is recognizable copperas in the construction of the heap,' by
and some ragweed in cultivated fields nux vomica. Even oil of vitriol, in
air is made contribute
of the which the to to
injury to tne burning quality
"a tolerably good quality of tobacco, the well-known Douglass mixture, is
leaf effected the of lime the expedition of the process and also .
grading about Colorado, has been presence swallowed by the water they drink to the ;
far I have been able discover. to impart fertilizing qualities to
as to
grown by Mr. l.Ioseleythough it flakesin so assist them in laying. Yet, when the manure. Hence this manure is found ...
Still in the of knowledge
state our
present of the
burning. This defect will probably hens succumb to the effects
I should not advise the begin. to be richer in all theessental properties '
yield to curing. several nostrums, they are condemnedas ..
of salts and than barnyard or
ner to select a limestone soil for his gases
About twelve of not being hardy, or the difficulty is .
3. miles north tobacco plantation. As at Gulf Ham. stable manure. A ton of dry
Ocala the father of F. Dunn be- attributed to some disease, which calls
John with other addition
mock'in Levy county, there may be straw( no except
fore the war,used to raise tobacco on lime in the well water but not in the for more nostrums.If the. 'lye, will make about four tons of
and has
high hammock, sandy loam, about the river, and this would not be' near a hen is healthy a good manure, superior to stable manure

color of brown sugar, light reddish enough to the surface to affect the appetite, the nostrums cannot improveher. and two tons of green materials will

clay subsoil; forest growth hickory, tobacco. HENRY J. FENTON, Eggs are not produced from make aboutthe same quantity.' ;

red bay, magnolia,gum-oaks of many Tobacco Agent F. C: & P. R. R. powders, pills or solutions, but from I should think Florida's grasses;

kinds., He used to raise, Mr. Dunn Quincy. Fla. the food. A healthy hen is no sub- pine-needles, and all other vegetablewaste

says, 1500 to 2000 pounds per. acre; < ject medicines or tonics. If she together with her muck,.marl '

sold it to cigar makers ,in New York FOR DYSPEPSIA, is sick or drooping it is not but of and phosphate could be composted by

at 25 to 30 cents a pound; used almost Indigestion, and Stomach d1 Mt1l.ustBROWIt'S place to endeavor to assist her to recover this method 'with great advantage and '

entirely for wrappers. Seed brought IRON BITTER health with a tonic, but as longas improvement.Yours ,
All dealers keep it. $1 bottle. Genuine baa
per her combs bright and red, and she
from Cuba every year., trad -m&rk and croswd red lines on wrapper in hope of the index, }
4. In the Tuscawilla hammock west works vigorously, enjoying her food I J. R. LYHAK. .

of Orange Lake, the 'father of Mr. Six days earlier than and I laying eggs as fast as nature per, !I

John Gamble raised: tobacco from Gay. rartetr toted at the mits, the use, of stimulants or tonics 'JAPANESE PERSIMMONS, Plums Mammoth' ,
Ex. Ground
Walnuts,hardy orange Unhiu. -
1849 to 1853; about 900 pounds per greenish at tDneve wblte,N. pulp Color will not benefit her, or enable her to Also ornamental Japan stock,rare bulbs,seeds,

.. acre of the old Florida spotted leaf tender wee and de- lay another egg more than she would etc. Olive.fig trees and grapevines.or mail. Goods' sent
Melon The only grape safely by Freight Express
tobacco; sold it at 32 to '35 cents at that rants first both IA without their use, even if they do not Send for our new, finely illustrated catalogue.
earliness and quality Address
home; some of 'the first grade, when Each Tine sealed with) injure her. H. H. BERGER & CO.,
shipped to Bremen, brought $1.25 a mark our registered labeL Send trade-fonjrcut&r It is useless to force a hen in any I San Francisco.Cal. r
*" t -r Information. Agents wanted, Forcing always makes them Established 1878. .
pound. The l leaves grew very long, lAarm STBf&Mi BOYTft kOXS. New Canaan CV; manner. -,

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CONTENTS.G&OTX permitted to be exposed for sale, will than they can by waging an icono- of both of them to-day went into bank .

thoroughly fumigate it with hydro. clastic war against a law of which the ruptcy (of which there is not the

ORCHAKD-Dleback, and Potash;'Foot- cyanic acid gas. This will not, injureit main features will of necessity have to slightest probability), some other and
Rot In Orange and Plum Tree; v 1011
Orange Culture-Reply to Tom Sawyer; Pine either as to appearance or for eating, be maintained in a considerable part stronger organizations would forthwith

Straw for. Mulching Potash Florida. Roll; 1013 but it will destroy the scale." of the State for ,many years to come. take their places, because they respondto
TB VIRT B.D-abe SoW of Orange County; The
Grape Crop of 1891;His Choice; 1013 : t a recognized want. Both are gain-
Y ,
FABXZK ATO TK CXZS-Editorial Notes; "Alter A Sectional Society. Pooling in Fruit Sales. ing ground.every year, yet they are

nate with Florida Renewa;}Irish" farming Potato;Culture What's;the. Matter... 1014 I The horticultural editor of the Floridian Suppose A's strawberries reach Chi-- inherently antagonistic because each

Toeaoco Wrapper Leaf Culture-No. 2; 1015 charges that the State Horticultural I II cago Saturday night, go on a glutted of necessity 'fires in the rear" of the
Hens .
POCLTRT-Forcing to Lay; 1015
COMPOST:-Guide to Composting; 1015 Society is a sectional affair. This market and sell for twenty-five cents a other. The merchant who comes

ZDITORUT,Note; Florida, Oranges in ,California cannot be denied, in a sense,.but whois quart.' Suppose B's strawberries, down to Jacksonville to buy leaves.his

In Fruit:;A Sectional Bales;Marketing Society; Problema Stock Law;Appeal;Pooling to to blame?' Certainly it has not.been grown in a field right beside the others rear uncovered and exposed to the

the People 101 for lack of invitations the of
; to people and no better in any respect, reach under-selling of the auctions in the

MAKKKTS-For Florida Produce: 1017 Middle and West Florida to become the market Wednesday when it is North; while he who remains at homeis ..
i OUR Youxo FOLKS-A Good Parot;Animals Toilets -
l w ; '. 1018 members of the Society. There does bare and sell for forty-five cents. Nobody in dread of the operations of his

j STATE NEWS-Notes; '. 1018 not seem to be anything further that is to blame for this; it is simplyone adventurous competitor :who comes to
Ova RURAL HOME-A Double Flue for the Store;
Model Dishwashing;What Shall We Put into can be done, unless it might be to appoint of the inevitable contingencies of, Florida in quest of "bargains." And

Our Sleeping-Rooms;Going to School WithoutBreakfast a meeting of the Society to be fruit marketing. Is it right for the, while, each is heading an assault on
; Beaten Biscuit; Mince Meat;
R Recipes; 1019 held somewhere in that section. De- commission merchant, in remitting, to the flank or.: the rear of the other, the

1: THE FARMERS Au.u.'CE-Farm Statistics-No.9f Funiak is to have
reported planted divide the difference and settle with commission man is fusilading the
Reply to Dudley W.Adams on National Banks .
l '-NO. 8 *; 1020() ) 80,000 peach trees.last year, with more each grower on the same basis, thirty- center of both. .
National Union Store; 1021< 'follow this Tallahassee and
to year. five cents quart? Italian and California oranges enter
uaLLLIn'-8eU; at Home;Pears in Texas; Influence
of Language Character ? 10X2: Monticello have in 'their vicinity the Suppose C has Ai bright oranges the country through funnels and can '

noblest pear orchards in the State, and which happen to be put up for sale be more or less controlled. Florida
P.O.Address, Lawtey, Fla. the vineyards about the capital city first i in the auction room in New York. oranges go to market through many

x furnish the only Florida wines that are Few buyers are present, the biddingis channels, and they offer to the trade a

All orange growers interested in the ever quoted in the Jacksonville mar- not spirited and they have to be open field and an free fight This

foot rot-and who of them are not?- ket Old Florida to day fur
reports. knocked down at $2 a box. D also will always be the case until some man

,ought to read the letter from Sanford, nishes Jacksonville more deciduousfruit has A i brights, but they are reached or some ,syndicate arises that by the

published last wee $. in the.course of a year than the of ready cash can hunt all
half an hour later, the buyers are all potency
I 5.5 peninsula does; and it is quite within the competition is lively and guerillas out of the field and reduce
The cable dispatches from ,Liver. present,
belief that single LeConte pear trees' they are sold at $3 a box. Others ofthe the trade to a military system by buy
pool published in our market- reportsfor
have ,yielded a greater money return same identical quality are sold at ing the entire crop in the field, making
some weeks past, have been sent
in one year than any orange tree in advances to needy and
Messrs. Smith & Crouch different times along through the hour growers
by expresslyfor '
the Stat By all means let,us have a
shipping where and when are
FRUIT-GROWER. which the auction lasts at$2.75, $2.50, oranges;
of the in that section.
r S meeting Society $2.25. Now, would it be right for wanted.
As soon as we into our new .
get quar- --* I* .
make market Stock the selling agent to pool all these Appeal the
t ters we hope to our re Law. to People.

ports so fresh and full as to be of Two, able lady writers, one in the prices and remit to each shipper the PENSACOLA, FLA., Dec. 11, 1891..

S : much value to our readers. Times-Union and one in the Palatka average price that Ai brights sold for To the People Florida: ,

that ? ,A representative convention, called in
PS Times fund
1 are laboring to'secure a .
the interest of progress and working: withan
Mr.\ Edward L. Goodsell of
; ; New: to pay the expense of a suit in courtto If he does, who then is the judgeof eye single to the welfare of Florida, decided -

E York, and Mr.W. Michael, of Philadelphia test the constitutionality of the pres- the oranges-the auctioneer or,the that our state should be representedat
fruit dealers called the World's Fair at Chicago in 1893
,. prominent ent stock law. It occurs to us buyer? Would it be safe to give any The important work was entrusted to a
at our office. They speak in the directory selected by the Orlando con;
that this would be love's labor lost. auctioneer Or any selling agent such
vention. No member sought
of the a place
strongest terms urgent necessityfor There could be no benefit accruingto autocratic power? What limit shouldwe upon the board, but they all acceptedthe

a the Florida growers to concentrate the horticultural interest from a have to this scaling process? What trust and the labor imposed upon
few them as a duty to Florida, appreciatmgfull
their shipments to a places, say decision declaring unconstitutionaland I security? ,If he may scale one man's the responsibilities of this effort

Y Boston, New YorkPhiladelphia, breaking down the law now on I fruit up anti another man's down, he which would most probably prove a
thankless one whether successful or not. O
S Cincinnati and Chicago and shipping,
4 the statute books, for unquestionablysome is no longer an auctioneer. He plays The board has entered diligently and

:none to any. other points. Then let other one of similar provisions with loaded dice, and the shippers I earnestly upon this work, and now the
the buyers south of the Ohio and the directors come before their fellow citizens -
would have to be immediately enactedin would soon lose confidence in him. I, asking for that active cooperationand
Potomac get their supplies at the assistance which are so essential to
its place. Four-fifths of the coun- PSI ,
Jacksonville auction or at the secure success and to carry on the vast
groves. Marketing Problems.
ties,of Florida are too sparsely settledto work before the directory.It .
The advice of these eminently practical be fitted for the operation of a no- Acquaintance with our people does not is true that this interesting event in
and successful men ought 'to be incline us to hope that they will agree the history 'of the nation, which the
fence law. upon this way; neither do we anticipatethe World's Fair will and should commemo-
heeded by the growers.Florida A local option law would be the co-operation of all the growers in an rate to all posterity moves the throb of
of But in American's breast
organization growers. we see patriotism every ;
Oranges In California.The true.solution of this difficulty for the no satisfactory outlook unless on* or the but the Florida directory makes an appeal -

last issue of the Pacific Rural present. Wherever a county has sufficient other of then plans prevail. upon more material grounds.:
Florida's at Chicago will
,Press, in its market report says: "Wet- population to sustain such 'a. This is the sage conclusion to which her in touch presence with the world, for every put

t more Bros. received the past week a law, a majority of the people being I the Riverside Press arrives after devoting nation and every tribe and every clan on .
will be there. No
consigpment of Florida oranges, engaged in tilling the soil, let them be !. two of its long columns to a the state globe in the Union represented so greatly needs the

which sold at $5 to $5.25 a box. permitted: to vote on the question and discussion of this subject. This is influx of foreign capital as Florida.

They are smooth skin, of good size establish a no-fence law if they desire.If what the FJoridians found out two or diversifying When"we consider our industries the necessity, when for we

and fair flavor. Mexican oranges sell these two excellent ladies would three years ago-that the growers will know that capital and energy can and

at $2.50 a box and Japanese at devote their energies to working up a do as they please; and so they oughtto agriculture will open ,channels horticulture of and'iloriculture new activity in,

.$1.25." On anOther page we find this: sentiment in this direction and in do.as independent American citi and awaken into new life forest and

"Some Florida, oranges infested with favor of amending the present law in '. stream and last, but not least, the great
millions to
phosphate meaning
scale insects are arriving here and a some of its harsh particulars, it is quite zens.The Fruit Exchange and the Home our State and with this to induce capi-

.: carload is promised. The State Board likely they would accomplish more of Market are probably permanent fix tal to come,the bare possibility of losing
this opportunity in 1893 is distressing and
.r of Horticulture, before the fruit. is substantial l utility to the horticulturists tures, for if the present management appalling in the extreme. The result of


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Florida's absence from the World's fair Bright, $2.35;russets, '1.94 to 1.98;brights and brights, $1.1.5 to x.95; russets Si 40 to 1.75; grape gerines half cases,82103; Louisiana boxes Si.25
dam- russets $2 OS to 1.30; average, 11.65. fruit, $1.30 to 170 to 1.75; do barrels,$2.50 t03;. Mexican per box,
would be too far-reaching and too Navels, $2 80 to 3.20;Tangerines, l3-5 to 4.50; Same, Dec 9: Tangerines, halves Si 80; Sat- 82.25 to 2:5o.Southern .

aging to recite. Mandarins, 12.40 to 3.10. sumas, halves, $L4o to 160; grape fruit, 8 1 lo to head lettuce very plenty and slow.
The directory renews its pledge to labor Bright. $2.15;russets, Si.8o; brights and russets x 80. brights,St 15 to x 80: russets, St 30 to 170.choIce ; Louisiana head lettuce bulk can be had at 81 to
important one sale average f 1.73, and in another 11.63. russets, unwrapped, Si 50 2 per barrel. Louisiana curly lettuce 82 to 3 50
the -
unremittingly in cause so Last sale yesterday:brights'1.95;russets, $1.85. Same. Dec. xi: Tangerines, halves $1.90 to per barrel Tomatoes sell slowly Californiacases
anti vital to our State; but success The above are actual average gross results as 2.80; grape fruit, Si 10 to 1.80: Satsumas and of four grape baskets sell in a at

at last depends upon the patriotismand represented in telegrams received from eleven Mandarins, halves 6oc to ooc ; brights. Si 30 to |i.50 to 2. Flonda third-bushel boxes quote at
Several sales during last twenty-four hours. 2; russets Si 25 to 18o; brights, unwrapped '1.2S to x 50.
enterprise of the people. There is a general encouraging tone to all ad. Si.6oto 1.75; russets,unwrapped Si 35 to 16 Apples good to choice, cars are quotable at
counties have responded liberally; in vices recently received from our several'agencies E. Roberts Philadelphia Dec. 7: Tangerines, Si 40 to i.60 per barrel No 2 and common. 'Ito .

other counties the tax-payers will be and the prices'ruling to-day bear out our predictions boxes $3 70; Mandarins halves,$1.20; rights 125 California pears, Winter Nellis, 4O-lb. -
for voluntary tax of one in bulletin No u, of December 8th. f i 50 to 2; russets, 81.40 to 1.80 boxes,82 2.5 to 2 ,50; grapes 2 -lb. cases 55C. to
L_ called upon a The demand is very active and fruit is being In Boston. Dec. 10, H Harris & Co sold: Tangerines 81.25. '"
mill. Will you: pay this? If so, Florida moved more freely at all points. halves Si 2.50; Satsumas. 12 to

win be benefited for all time to come; if Shipments have increased very rapidly since 2 75; Mandarins, haves, Si 25 to 162; Navels CINCINNATI Dec. 12.

not the result will stand to Florida's last report. '2.37lo 3 25: brights, 81.25 to 2; russets, $i 37 to Owing to a heavy demand and light receipts,
and it will New York reports receipts for week 47,560 1.70; grape fruit, S2 25 to 2.75; barrels $5 62. prices have advanced fully 25 cts. per box over
shame, ,her everlasting ]loss, boxes Boston 14,030 boxes and Baltimore 7,055 sales made early in the week. We quote from

be a reflection upon her people. boxes. PHILADELPHIA Dec.: 12. 51.65 to 2.25 per box. Tangarines are in good
The directory recognizes in the press Interior small towns are being as usual flooded Our advice to shippers will be from now to demand and scarce at $5.50107.00 per box. We
with fruit and before end of week will all
they Mandarins
prefer them packed in half boxes.
factor in its struggle make as light shipments as possible during the
the most important be overcrowded. It is not much the
so quantity remainder of December and Choice demand at$1.25 to 1.50 per half box.
for success, and earnestly requests that does the hat m, but the fact that the fruit Bright Tangerines running not January.over to full Grape is in good demand also and scarce at
every newspaper in the State to publish goes on consignment to every dealer in each box are wanted at improved prices. Mandarinsand $2.00 to 2.25 per box. We shall be pleased to re-

this and other official announcements of place, consequently caulingcompetition and cut- Satsumas quiet, and prices about the same. ceive your consignments and promise to do our ,
ting of-prices. This however is an old difficulty .
best for you to merit them continuously.J.
Choice fruit running 46 to 61. is
the board, that the people of the State for which there seems to be no cure. Where one bright grape LEVERONB &Cos.
wanted at prices ..
improved receipts are now
; very :
situation. wins lose.HOME .
,may understand the exact man fifty light. New vegetables, when strictly-choice -

(Signed) W. D. Ohipley, President; G. meet with ready sale at full prices. Tomatoes CHICAGO Dec 16.

"W. Wilson, Secretary; S. A. Jones, first MARKET BULLETIN. should not be snipped during the winter months Special to the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: ,
until each tomato is at least! half colored and
jobbing prices choice medium sizes
Vice-President F. R. Osborne, second JACKSONVILLE Dee. 15. Average
; will all if full colored when
they carry right prop- $2 russets Si.75*. Tangerines, 82.50.
Treasurer The outlook of the Home Market steadily improves brights ;
Vice-President JohnF. ; handled.We .
; while receipts are still in excess of the erly M. GEORGE & Co.
George F. Foot, R. E. Rose, D. E. Max- demand; here (in Jacksonville),the sales increase quote: Oranges, fancy bright straight
lines S2. to with occasional lots of selected
well, William H. Milton, G. P. Healy, daily and promise soon to take all the fruit. The counts '10 choice 2.25, bright straight lines, $1.85 LIVERPOOL ENGLAND, Dec. 18.
Daniel Campbell B. R. fruit is still sold on a limit that is to say that a 2.50; Special to the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER:
Pat. Houston, is while to$2; ordinary bright Si.6oto$t.7$;fancy russets,
price placed everything below Sound worth
upon lines Si.8o $ ordinary to choice oranges
straight tp
Swobpe, Ziba King. nothing is allowed to go in this way. None of I.go; SMITH & CRUUCH.
russets, 81.50 to with occasional selections
1.75 up .
the fruit is sacrificed and all sold, brings a good
to$2. Lemons, stnctly fancy bright, $3 to 83.50;
price.Prime 82 to Si to Orange growing on the Halifax .
ordinary 2.50; russets 1.50. Grapefruit
stock in lots
\\1al'l\ets.: not too average and the (where is are is choice bright, $2 to 2.50 per box. Tange- bears a most encouraging aspect and %
] \ many russets packing good) rines, large sizes ((200 to 300)), fancy, per box
bringing 1145 to 2, the average being $1.50. '4-SO to 85.50. Mandarins and Satsumas, 82 to 3 the future of promise. Should the
due allowance for the difference
... Making in box. Egg plants choice, barrel 86 to .
without reference to and risk this per per 9 be it is
charges of
delay season '1891-92 propitious
as to size no sale. Cucumbers choice,
; poor per
DEC. 17. :
JACKSONVILLE is from to better than best
15C- 25C. prices reported
from Northern centers. Mandarins are crate, fa to 3.50; poor Si to 1.50. String beans safe to estimate an output of 100,000
VEGETABLES" $1.75 to 2.25; wax. Si to 2. Ripe tomatoes,
FRUIT AND bringing from >2 to 2.25; Tangerines from $3 to boxes of from the Halifax
per crate,$2.50 to 3.50; green no sale. Squash, oranges
[Corrected every week by Marx Bros.] 3.50, and even 4 for large sizes, strictly fancy; choice white, 81.50 to 82. Green peas, 82.50 to This the distribution,
and Navels 12.50 to 2.60. Grape fruit wanted at REDFIELD& coast. means
These are average duota ions. Extra choice $i-5o to x 75 fancy stock touching$2. jjo.

lot fetch prices above top quotations, while poor No demand, for russet grape fruit and buyers PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 13. of $Iooooo among our people and
will pay more font in boxes than barrels. Three cars oranges sold at auction to-day. One times.Considering .
lots sell lower. prosperous
Ship in strong boxes well nailed and coopered, car Florida Fruit Exchange averaged $'.9o; two .
Oranges bright..........., .$1.50102.50 and fill the boxes full. Seventy-five per cent. of cars for private parties one averaged 8i.93&, the -+-4
russet,. 1.00 to 1.25 other the disasters of the
the receipts are depreciated fully cents box SI.95K- ,
Fla............ 2.00103.00 "slack per PHILADELPHIA Dec.
Lemons.. by reason of pack" or bad package.Mr 14. two from frost and freezeto
Messina... 3.50104.00 Oranges sold at auction to-day; one car, poor past years

Limes .... .50 condition averaged 81.60; good fruit averaged our and lemon the
fruit 2.00102.50 E. L. Goodsell,of New York,in interviews 81.96. W. H. MICHAEL & Co. orange groves,
Grape.. with the Times-Union and the Standard
1.25101.50 states progress made in Daytona, and along
that his house has shipped about boxes of
Pineapples .. to 4.00 oranges to England (not 150,000 as one of the interviewers ST.Louis Dec. 13. the Halifax generally, has been most .
1.25 1.75
Bananas put it). The of good ORANGES-Demand shows some improvement,
Apples ... 2.50103.00 prices oranges gratifying. Land has been cleared
increased movement and necessarilya : ,
causing an
6.00 to 6Cranberries were better than could have been obtained: in
Grapes Catawba Malaga kbasket............. .30 New York at corresponding dates; but great firmer feeling.in Re-packed and and well-known commandeda thousands of trees planted, older
brands the best
were request
went in bad order because the steamship
crate.,. 2.75 many not properly equipped for the business and premium of soc. to 750. per box over consigned, groves fertilized, etc. In Daytona
Potatoes Irish barrel................. 2.00 to 2.25 are
.. sweet bushel................ .50 the oranges are put down in the hold with cotton which are sold in original order without bu. re-pack to I streets have been shelled, river lots
ing. The was: Mexican 12.50
and other cargo and often heat badly. Mr. range per
N.Onions Y. cabbage yellow, barrel........... 3.00 Goodsell gives us reason to'hope that next year 82.75;Louisiana per bbl., 84 to 84.50; Loui.18na.per bulkheaded, many good houses built
..... 275to3-oo will see a line of regular fruit steamers estab- box, 82 to 82.25;Florida Bright,per box.$'.8o and lots beautified. the houses
to '2.10 $.box. '1.50 to 82; Tangerines -
."... lished between Florida England.
crate. ... 1.00
Florida russets to size
box to
Turnips, barrel....;.......... 2.00 and,color.per 83 84; as erected are the best and most expei .

Beets 2.25 BOSTON Mass Dec. 15. LEMONS liberal offerings while the demandwas sive ones in our town, neat, tasteful
Carrots ...... 2.50 Special tb FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: only fair. The range was: Messina and
Parsnips ., 2.50 To-day's sale, three thousand boxes, showed Palermo, good per box,84 to 84.50; Florida, per cottages that would be a credit to any

Radishes .40 recent strength of market well maintained; box,83 to f3.50.PINEAPUESFair. The outlook is bright for much
Okra peck.........*. .35 ranged from a dollar and a quarter to two and a offerings, light demand, at city. -.. Cucumbers, .. .40 quarter with gOOd demand. Grape fruit two dozen. growth the coming year and all heartsare
.* ........... '3.SO to 84 per
...... ... 5010.60 fifty SNOW & Co. citrus has to surprising
The a
CelttYia industry grown hopeful and cheerful.J ourn 1.
: nts. barrel.... 2.50 extent in California and is still growing at an

Beans, crate .... 1.50New LIVERPOOL, DEC. 2. alarming rate. The records of shipmentsfor -.. *
Irish Potatoes crate...........1.50 to x 75 We confirm our reports of 25th ,ult. and now last season have been secured and published -
A chemist the city
reporting on
Peas, crate...... ................ 1.25 have the pleasure to advise you that at the auc- and they reveal an interesting story

.. POULTRY AND EGGS. tion of the 3oth'ult. 1,256 boxes Florida oranges not only to the Californiaus, but also to the water of Ocala says: In my last report
were offered. selling :from osod. to III.3d. their big rivals, the Floridians. Most of of this
Hens.t .;.$ .35 to ,40 To-day 1,464 boxes were put oq the market and the authorities last year placed the Californian the water as

.' :... .30 to .35 realized from 9s. &1. to us.3d., with good demand orange crop at 3,500 to 4,000 cars-none a fire extinguisher was merely touched
Broilers........... .... .25 to .30 that almost the list of
at these rates, notwithstanding ii,- above the latter figures. However
. Turkeys. 1.00101.25 600 cases of Valencias were also on the market shipments compiled by the various counties show upon. The carbonic acid gas contained -
.........'.. to .60
Ducks..... .
45 and sold follows $. td : large boxes-
12 shipped-
: that were
as cars
4203. 135. 153. 4,503 1,312,900 in the water while it is the
.. ....... .. to
Geese.... .. .75 ,
6d.;7149, ios. gd.to m. 9d., but mostly at Its to over 500 cars above the most liberal estimate
Egg.. .27 us. 3d. 4078 boxes of Jaffa's soldi from 8s. 9di to made. However the shipments included 73 cars agency by which most of the dissolved

FERTILIZER MATERIALS. 9*. 3d. lemons, 20,904 boxes. Of this enormous output solids held in solution wields at
L. CONNOLLY&Co. alone furnished are ,
[Corrected every week by the Paine Fertilizer last season Los Angeles county
Company.] nearly as much as the other five counties engaged the same time a very decided influ
'Ten in the business-2,21?cars. It is very dear that
Ton.. 'Tons. LIVERPOOL Dec 16,9:30A.M. the business of orangegrowing is in a thriving ence in a very important direction.To .

Blood and Bone ammo 7-8 bone Special Active to demand FARMER; improved AND FRUIT prices GROWER: condition in the Golden State. the presence of this gas in the
To advance the freights on Southern shipments,
phosphate 25-35 .$2750 $26 SO :
Bone raw ground; p.so-& ..... 32 00 30 75 notably on the Florida orange crop above the water'our worthy fire companies in

Bone steamed, b. p. SO--6o<........ 31 50 3050 prices paid last year when the crop was much. owe it that they are such unusual
NEW YORK,. Dec. and when could stand an advance part
Sulphate Potash 48-5254,...... 33 oo 30 75 lighter shippers
., Sulphate Potash, 90-94%.'.. 51 50 49 75 To show what really good fruit will do, I report ; as they were then securing fine prices, masters of the flames. Their three
Kainit -265*.. 16 50 IS 75 receiving sales to-day 0140 boxes of oranges shipped was a movement it would be difficult for the railroads
Acid Phosphate, 13-16$.... 17 25 16 50 by the Aurania November i8th from A. P.B to explain satisfactorily. Instead of raisingthe hose nozzles directed simultaneouslyupon

Nitrate Soda am. I9,........ 54 00 52 SO .wen, Jacksonville,which sold in Liverpool (oran rates to every market Sc. to Ioc:. a box a re- a burning building actually deliver -
Canada Ashes....... 1900 1850 average of$2.50 per box and which nets in duction would be more in keeping with the situ
Soft Phosphate,gd b.p.6 -7o91. 9 oo 8 50 Jacksonville to the shipper$1.31. The.fruitwas ation. The enormous yield naturally forced down into the fire 33 cubic feet
Soft gr'datmmeinbags good, and consequently brought this price. It illustrates prices so low that there is scarcely anything left minute
Phosphate acid
$i a ton less. what good fruit will do in the English for the shippers. Would it not be more businesslike "of carbonic gas per ,

Soft Phosphates 50 "floats,"TO' b.p.. 10 50 10 00 mat et. E. L. GOODSELL. for the roads carrying all these oranges to which at the temperature of the flames
Dried .... take the same steps the railroads hauling the
Mood am., i69i 4600 4400 become cubic feet. As
.....-.. Minnesota potato crop have taken this season rapidly twenty
Cottonseed Meal new stock. 24 50 23 75 N&w YORK, Dec. 12. .
under similar circumstances? Last the shippers
FKUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN. Receipts of oranges for the week closing todayaggregate got a rate of 17Ca bu. to this market.year This ordinary combustion is impossible in

JACKSONVILLE, Dec IX. 70,000 boxes, nearly double that of last year the crop is enormous and the railroads see an atmosphere of 25 percent carbonic
Recent reports tell of quite considerable decay week but the market is steady, and we look(oran ing the people could not profitably market it at
to the Choice acid it is that with this water
bowing up. So far no very serious trouble has improvement prior the old rates very prudently reduced them to patent
been experienced this much of the brights, selected sizes $1.87!; to 2.12; straight
on score u>,c.a bu. judiciously applied it would take avery
decay can. be charged t. late rains and damp lines,brights,$1.50 to 1.875; russets,$1.25 to 1.50;
weather. Tangerines. $3.50 to 5.oo; Mandarins,$2.00 to3.oo; CHICAGO, Dec. 14. .short time to envelop a burning
We would fruit be lemons, $2.50 to 4.00; grape fruit, $3 00 to 4-00 a
suggest that the inferior ORANGES-Are a little slow again Large buyers less with'an
held back for the present as much as possible so bbl.Ji.5oto2.50perbox. have taken in a fair quantity lately. Now building more or completely .

as to,aid the upward tendency of prices.J.exs0NVILLE Southern vegetables in moderate supply, and'' when asked to purchase they say .they are sup atmosphere incapable of supporting
fancy stock selling at good prices. Egg plant,
Arrivals are a little larger Feeling maybe
D'ec. plied. -
15. $2.SO to 5.00 per bb1.; string beans $i.oo 102.50; said to have weakened somewhat. Cars of combustion. The water, good before,
Auction sales since our last teport show averages tomatoes, $2.00 to 3.00;cucumbers,1.50 to 3.oo per box with
as follows: crate. G. S. PALMER choice Floridas quoted 8x.75 to x.90 per has been improved by the addition of
and lower.
Dec. xx**-Bright!, $-1 to 2.SOrussd$1.85 to AUCTION SALES OF FRUIT. ordinary Sales from common store range as follows; Florida, the supply from the new and larger

$I.75* -- York Dec. :. Florida bright, boxes,choice to fancy, Si.75 to 2 25; do., "
Dee. M-Brighti, $1.95 to 2; russets, $t feo to EL.. Goodsell, New 7 well within the past few months.
do. Tan-
1.95;Tangerines, 2.50 to 4.75. < Navels, S3-5; Tangerines halves, Si.8oto2.8o; russets, per box,, choice, 'z.65 to 1.85; ,


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careful toilets of any class of animals, Some of the at
NEW KODAKS. growers Rockledge
OUF with the
young Folios exception of the opossums.The .
about three-fourths
lions and tigers wash, themselves in report only as largea

""' exactly the same manner as the cat, crop as last season, others have as

A Good Parrot Story. wetting the dark,India rubber like ball of many as last year, while the groves at

"Our next jloor neighbor," writes a the forefoot and the inner: toe, and pass "You press the City Point will exceed last winter's
ing it over the face and behind the
correspondent "owns ears. output by twenty-five cent. It is
an amusing parrot, The foot is at the time face per
which is always into mischief, same a sponge ,button that the
getting and a brush, and the rough tongue combs probable yield will about
but usually gets out agam without much the rest of the body. Sporting dogs, equal that of last season, taking the
trouble done
to herself. when she has
which are used in mud, and wet we do the rest. river whole. This is
anything for which,she knows she oughtto snow as a a very good
be punished, she holds her head to one are strangely,clever and quick in clean- showing, as the last crop was exceptionally -
ing and drying their coats, and it is a S ren Sew Stjlea. and Sizes
side and her mistress in
a eyeing says, a large.-Indian River Advo
sure sign has been overtiredif
a dog
ALL LOAnED WITJI Transparent Films.
tone is
sing-song : 'Polly a good girl
fer until she sees her mistress smile; 'then he shows any trace of mud or dirt For sale by all Ph01 0.,Stock Dealers.THEEASTMANCOMPAN. cate.To

shs flaps: her wings and cries out: 'Hurra! next morning. Most 'of their toilet is those who took care cf their orange -
done with the but
Polly is a good girl! She has been al- clever at using.tongue a brush, or they the side are very of a Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER N. Y. trees after the freeze of 1886,

lowed to go freo in the garden, where haystack as a rough towel. One small there is in the crop of fruit for the
r1 she promenades back and forth on the
;' walks, sunning herself, and warning 'off spaniel, which was allowed to live!' in the The Bartow Courier states that present year an ample return. So our
intruders. One morning a hen strayedout house, was well aware that if he returned {Jeople ought to take and not
dirty he would not be admitted Captain J. F. Tucker, special agentof courage
of the chicken yard and vas quietly indoors. About an hour before the closeof the U. S. Bureau of Labor, is investigating allow a temporary loss to drive them
picking ,up her breakfast, when Poll the day's shooting he used to strike the industry of from their best interest. No one has
marched to her and called out: 'Shoo!l'
in her shrill voice. The poor hen re- work and begin to clean himself, and if Florida. He will not commit himselfto ever planted such fruit trees as will

treated to her own quarters, running as and urged to do more himself would neat slip and off clean home in any statement as to the deposits, succeed in our climate without reaping
fast as she could, followed by Poll, who present for the
the dining-room. One day the dog had but estimates that the machinery aloneis outlay. Strangers
screamed 'Shoo! at A few-
days later, Poll extended every her step.morning been left at home, and his master returned worth between $1,250,000 and $i-, coming to our State prefer to buy
and seated himself wet and with The has been homes already surrounded with fruit
t walk into the chicken yard. Here, with 500,000. government
her usual curiosity, she went peering half-frozen drops of i ice sticking to his rather skeptical about our phosphates.A trees. May the lesson of this season
into every corner,till she came to the old gaiters by the fire. Pan ran up and carefully leave its proper impression on the
licked the of the Commercial
off frozen ice and snow, representative :
hen on her nest. The hen made a dive minds of the and
people guide them
Y for Polly's yellow head, but missed it. stopping every now and then to give an paid a visit last week to what is knownas
anxious look, which said as plainly as into greater prosperity by adding to
Poll, thinking descretion the better partof !; the Chapman grove, on Lake Griffin
possible: "Dear me! if I don't' him their homes orchards
get and vine.
valor groves,
to run the hen, with
; now owned by D. B. Campbell
clean he will be the ,
quickly sent to lie in Lake
widespread followed Mose after. City
*wings stable."' and there saw trees that had more yards. Reporter.
As she ran,.Poll screamed in her shrillest
tones: '0 there! 0 there! A member of fruit on them than we have ever seen Not many years ago a gentlemansaid

the family, who had witnessed the per- on trees before. We do not think we that he could buy the fertilizer

formance, thought it time to interfere I gtate J'ews.! would be exaggerating the case at all to and make an orange grove cheaperon

in Poll's behalf, as the anm hen was .. .... that numbers of the trees had fully
her. He out, and .. \J say the prairie than he could clear the
gaining on ran stooping
down, held out his hand. Poll lost A chicken snake at Indianola swal- fifteen boxes on them, and a few pos hammock. Well he set in to work on

no time in traveling up to his shoulder. lowed a china nest egg by mistake. sibly as many as twenty boxes to the a piece of prairie, and before he gotit
Then, from her high vantage-ground, tree. It is a sight worth going to ready for planting he concluded that
she turned down A writer in the Orlando
and her
looking on Reporter
the difference in the that
foe, screamed: Hello there! shoo! The estimates the of Citra at see.A clearing 'Yas
frightened hen returned her nest as boxes.orange crop Bowline Green correspondent of hammock had the timber on the

rapidly as she had come."-The Ashland 200,000 the Bartow Courier says: Last week I ground, and the prairie had the timber

Item. The Levy Times says that a local finished plowing corn ground that will under the ground, and the cost of the
t geologist has found a valuable deposit be planted next ]March. I have fol- one was about as much if not more

Animals' Toilets. of emery near Bronson. lowed the practice of deep fall plow-- than the other to say nothing of the
Golden Days: As a rule, all animals for and satisfiedto fertilizer but nothing daunted he
ing seven years am ,
The wire between Melbourne
nature. Even will telegraph -
are cleanly by pigs
continue in that I wish ahead and the
way. every went .recording angel
if in
keep clean they are not confined a and City Point is much obstructed
,Pen or yard. Brushes and combs most by the growth of farmer in Polk county would try just may.know the cost of labor and fertile

.animals carry with them, and ducks' vines. These vines morning-the one acre for three successive years, izer he has put on that Experimental "
glory run
divers are always supplied with oil in a poles and cover the wire and up make plow deep, turning under all vegeta Station, but no mortal has yet been
handy reservoir. Birds especially areve1"l difficult. I I tion. Polk county should make every able to gather the desired informationfrom
particular about the quality of their operation very
"toilet dust,".and equally nice as to the pound of corn and hay that is used in him; and whether the ground hasa
water in which they prefer to wash. Rev. G. H. Wyatt has raised some the county. I plow about seven natural tendency to draw the trees

Some use water only, some water or of the finest tomatoes we have seen inches deep, but if I had the power I downward, or whether he planted the

dust, others dust and no water. Par- this season. Some he has sold in would go 10 or 12 inches deep, and China orange, and they are seeking

ing tridges birds are, and a good are example most careful the in dust-the town, and we hear that he is ready to expect the corn to show the effects of their native soil, we are not.informed,

selection of their dust baths. Dry loam begin shipping.-Manatee County it. I have a barn full of crab grass hay but one thing we feel sure of, is that

suits them best; but perhaps their fa- Advocate.An. and I am willing to leave it to the the monument will not stand many

vorite place is a meadow where a few enterprising canning firm at judgment of my little old mouse col- years to tell of the wealth hidden '
tufts have been removed. There they ored mule whether it is good feed or under the hard under the prairie.
Savannah Ga. are hauling terrapinsfrom pan
scratch out the loam, and shuffle back- ,
ward under the grass roots until their Lake lamonia, in this county, not. Manatee County Advocate.

feathers are full of the cool earth. In to that city by the car load to be ....

wet weather they find, if possible,a heapof canned. These terrapins are said to
burnt ashes on the site of a weed fire
and dust there. Sparrows, on the con- I be equal in flavor to the famous diamondbacks -

trary, always choose road dust, the dry- I and it is thought will find

( est and finest possible. Meadow; larks ready sale.-Tallahasseean.Mr. D@o I1fts)
also are fond of the road*and dust therein .
the early morning. But they, too, Wm. H. Brown came in from

have their fancy and choose the dry, the everglades Tuesday bringing his

,gritty part,where the horses'hoofs tread. wife and four children, two wagons, :1 Brilliant !
Wild ducks, though feeding by the salt four yoke of cattle, three dogs, 513 :
water prefer to bathe in fresh water
'gator hides, seven otter hides, 'ten Durable !
pools and will fly long distances inland
to running brooks and ponds,where they Seminole chickens, three pigs, thirty
preen and wash themselves in the most pounds buckskin and four pounds of s Economical 1

vigorous and thorough way. But,though alligator teeth.-Ft. Myers Press. .
passing so much time on the water,
ducks,seem to, prefer a shower bath to The St. Andrews papers report an- Diamond Dyes excel all others In Strength, Purity, and Fastness. Nome ccier art
other, and in a heavy rain they other fire near that town which completely .
any may just as good. Beware of imitations,became they are made of cheap sad inferior: matmnti
be seen opening their feathers and allow- destroyed a: noted blackberry weak colon. be cf only the DIAMOND Dol
and give poor, croekj fo. sure success use
ing the rain to soak in,- fter which they said
have been the
dress; the whole surface with oil from the patch, to largestin for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yams, Carpets, Feathers; Ribbons, &t, &c. W,warm
reservoir which mentioned above. the State of Florida The fire was for than other dyes made sled to
we them to color more goods,package package, any ever gigs
Swallows and martins are likewise nice so fierce that it is feared the roots of more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.
in their choice of bath water; nothing the plants were killed. Several houses
but'newly fallen rain water Sod portal foe DJe Book,Sampfc Card,dtoctfett for coif RM*<<*.,akkc A. Lane Ink arxo ...
thoroughly narrowly escaped destruction. The Sold by Draczbta. AJSdraIWELLS *
( cent a qUIt) etc.
r- pleases them, and ''if tempted to bathe,
it is by some shallow pool in the road whole country along the oast_ to RICHARDSON & CO., (Burllngtog, Vt.
Point Washington has been burned
which an hour's sun will evaporate. .....
For & .
Cats, large and small, make the most over. .: .. Fa..cy Artldess. US DIAMOND.i P'AI NTS-oold .oairy0 c.ata..

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and plenty of hot water and a large Hearth in cold weather will help ven. best medical authority for the asser
Rural jionie.A amount of rubbing to keep them.shin, tilate, especially in case of sickness.We tion that the child who habitually goesto

'- ing. So, finally discouraged, I was 'may have rugs on our floor as school without his breakfast in a
Double Flue for the Stove. invited to spend the day with a thrifty cheap or costly as pur purses will ,al- condition to invite any disease that ,
For Our Rural Home. Yankee housewife, and there wag low, but the less we have the better may be about, or to develop the most
Major Campbell, in his Practical shown what I think a "model dish the air. The draperies at the windowswill aggravating and dangerous sort of ner-

Farm Talks, is piquant, instructive, washing," and have ever since adoptedher be of thin washable material, and vous disorders. Let us have education

encouraging and belligerent.. Campo plan, which steadily grows in often washed. The furniture will be : by all means, but let us remember that

bello seems to be a field of battle grace and favor. light, without carvings to catch the healthy minds are impossible without k;

as well as of beauty, for he fires First, procure a ball of cotton twine, i dust. Stuffed chairs, lounges and healthy bodies.-ELEANOR KIRK, in ;f
shot and shell in all directionsand if you have, not saved that 'which woolen hangings will not fird a place Savannah News.

: is ever ready for :1. fight. comes around your packages from the here. A set bowl, with hot and cold .
-Sometimes he gets'a bomb in return stores.' Take -a book or a piece of water, is very convenient, but not Beaten Biscuit.

from some of your hard-headed board six or eight inches wide; wrap always safe, therefore leave it in the We have a communication from
old correspondents that seems to send around this the twine until it is com bath-room; have a portable one in the "Bridget Mahoney," calling on Major

.him aloft, but, like a cat, he alights pletely covered. Then with a darn- sleeping room, and be on the safe Campbell to give 'the recipe for his H

square on his feet, ready for anothertilt. ing needle slip a string underneath, side.. -; GOOD HOUSEKEEPING. "pounded biscuit," and declaring *

and with a sharp knife cut the other' I roundly that if he does not send it
Lately, he has been paying his respects edge of the twine., Taking this off Going to School Without BreakfastI pretty soon she will believe that he

to the ladies, and I look for carefully you have ready a handle should not allow a weak, nervous does not know how to make them.-

tc some lively retorts. A few weeks ago about sixteen or eighteen inches longif child_ to attend school except: under ED. .
he sent a bomb in shape of a "beaten ( you are not handy at using tools it conditions of nay own making. The PSIMince

biscuit" into the Florida kitchens, is best to have a carpenter make the education that is gained by the destruction Meat.For .

causing a flutter of curiosity among handle for you) around this wrap the of health is of no use. I Our Rural Home.
the presiding deities thereof. Two of that half of the children that 'Tis time now to get mince meat ready
twine just taken off and fasten it good suppose
for the holidays and I will send you a ,
.4' .them fluttered pleasantly in your fill American schools leave
and strong. Repeat the process until our great receipt you can rely upon every timeif
issue of November 12th, both desiring the twine is used up or the mop is as their homes in the morning without closely followed. Take one quart of

.' the recipe. But, I fear,) when the large as-you desire. having eaten a morsel of breakfast.No chopped meat (cooked, of course), 3
ladies learn of the long heavy pound- Have ready two full of hot child of mine should go breakfastless quarts of green apples, 2 quarts of sugar,
pans % tablespoonful of black (ground)) ;
ing required they will it is a thingof
say school. Dr. is
water, in one of which put plenty.of to Abernethy pepper, % tablespoonful of cloves, 1 '
slavery times, when the kitchen soap. Take up the dish in one hand credited with the following remark tablespoonful ground: cinnamon, 1

had a staff of stalwart slaves to do the and, dipping the mop in the soapy upon this subject: "An empty stom- nutmeg, % cup butter, 1 cup chopped ,

pounding unsuited to the modern water, wash the dish and put it into the ach is a play house for the devil," and suet, j cup sharp vinegar, 1 table- "
style of .cookery. spoonful salt, 1 pint boiled cider,
rinsing he was about right. When the nerves
pan.I or you can use, thick juice of fruit
But the purpose of this writing is in this until 'the rins- are compelled to perform the whole
keep on way such as orange juice; 1 pint of jam or 1
in another direction. One of the ing pan is full, then if I am in a hurry work of the body, the waste of vital jelly, 1 pint of good molasses, and if you
.. ladies: alluded.to-Mrs. Mills-in her wipe them dry on a towel. If not ina force is prodigious. A good nourish- do not object to wine or brandy use %

chatty letter, ,makes this remark about hurry I pour off the water and let them ing breakfast is absolutely necessary, pint raisins(or, you pound can citron omit cut this fine), 2 and pounds the
summer cooking: "A hot stove, when and the who allows her chil-
dry. They are as bright and shiny as parent grated rind and juice of two oranges.
the mercury is among the 905, is'not if great pains had been taken to rub dren to attend a long school session wash and stone the raisins and put all .1

conducive to comfort of body ,or them up. The mop is my favorite, of without such a preparation is doing a together and put in..porcelain kettle and r
mind." Let me say that nearly all of all dish rags, as it permits the use of very foolish and a very wicked thing. cook till the apples are done and you 1
.... .such discomfort is avoidable by having can pan it for 'future .
very hot water, which, to my mind, The principal of one of our most effi. use.FLORIDA COOK. ,
a second flue over the,stove. This is very essential in good dishwashing, cient public schools once told me that .
extra flue will.draw off'all,of the heat, without the unpleasant parboiling of she had taken the most unwearied ,REOIPES. ..,
steam and fumes of cooking, while pains to inform herself
the hands which seems to be one of concerning
from the open doors and windows the most objectionable features of dish- contagious diseases, and had found PINEAPPLE CAKE FILLING.-Make a 1 t
there'will be a constant inflow of cool washing. that the children who had no appetitefor thick boiled icing in which squeeze the '1
of two Spread over the f
air. juice oranges.
breakfast and brought cake and of cake and with
A PRETTY TABLE SCARF. layers sprinkle grated'
The difference between kitchen
a Take a piece of felt one-half yard jam for their luncheons were alwaysthe pineaifple. To make boiled icing turn ,.-.;;
with or without this heat flue is about of hot of ..
and water
wide and the full width of the material first to succumb, formed the over one cup .
the between shade and and boil until it hairs.
same as sun of the sufferers. granulated sugar
shine. Another thing is the heat.'and which will make you a scarf two great One majority mother writes me that her little Into the stiff beaten white, of one egg
fumes do and a half yards long and half yard add as much cream of tartar as can be \
not spread through the -
wide. Get any color you prefer; girl, ten years old, would willingly eat heaped upon the point of a penknife,
house, and the good housewife does mine is peacock blue. After having her breakfast every morning if she.were and into the 'egg beat slowly the hot ;

not have in the kitchen a red-faced, it stamped on both ends in a'simple, allowed to have coffee with it, but the syrup until it is cold and thick.
cooked cook. ORANGE OR LEMON PATTIES. With
child is extremely nervous and she
For old house and inexpensive conventional pattern six inches above the grated rind and pulp of two
an a simple dare not give it to her. I should reason -' oranges
the bottom I marked it in outline stitch
is or lemons mix the beaten yolks of six
to to
put a
I should tell
with shades of brown- quite, differently. and tablespoonful of to
two golden eggs, one sugar
iron in the
'galvanized pipe ceiling, one so light as to be almost a dark myself that, like most everything else each, two tablespoonsful of melted: but-
over the back, part of the stove. in the world, this was a choice of two ter and two of water. With this mix
and the other little
Every new house should have two cream, a lighter evils, and the greater evil would be to, ture fill patty-pans lined with paste anda
than wood brown the colors blending
flues from the start., a raised rim of paste around the edges.
The beautifully. To finish off the bottom permit my daughter to go to school Bake, and when done cover with a me-
suggestion though unseasonable ;=
without her breakfast. So she would of the whites of the and six
is worth Such I took a_ sharp pair of scissors and ringue eggs j
remembering. a have the coffee not much of set back in the
each end. To very ; nor tablespoonful sugar,
cut a pretty fringe.on
is in this
heat-discharge indispensable very strong, but enough, and good oven and brown lightly.
th"whole is
sum up my'scarf a beauty
climate. Gentlemen do not
keep up SALMON SA.1\lDWICHES.-Pound
enough for the purpose. There shouldbe one
an earthly purgatory in your houses! and cost me two evenings' work and no cast-iron rules about the break- pound canned or fresh-boiled salmon to "
the modest sum of eight -five cents. paste with suspicion of
L. H. ARMSTRONG. a a cayenne
child. It is
delicate the
a most
little halt
St. Nicholas, Fla. I pepper, a chopped parsley,
WhafShall We Put Into Our I important meal of the day and it is butter
t Sleep pound of and a teaspoonful of ,
It Model Dishwashing- ing-Rooms? far better to make a coffee concession I anchovy paste or walnut catsup. Cut
For Our Rural Home. I Nothing- that cannot be cleansed or than to turn the little stomach into, the the bread very thin, spread with the

From mY'early childhood I :was renewed. 'The "ideal" sleepingroom kind of play house described by the neat paste little, trim sandwiches.off the crust, and cut into '

to wash dishes and will have neither wise old
brought up taughtto paint nor paperon Abernethy.
DRIED PLUM PIES.Soak dried plums a'
think it a pleasure because it helped its walls. The woodwork will be There is such an infinite variety of overnight, stew them gently and sweeten -

'"mother. ,Now, helping mother was of hard wood, finished in oil, or sim- I good cereals to choose from, that witha to taste. Cover a deep pie-dish or
extremely pleasant, but someway that ply varnished. The walls should be little care many appetizing dishescan shallow pudding dish with paste, over
did not lessen the number of dishes to finished in hard plaster and tinted; be prepared for the breakfasts of which spread a thin layer of the, plums, ,
". then thin of Add another a
be,Washed or the frequency with.which then they can be easily cleaned. The our school children. Cream add maple layer a of plums layer, cover paste.with paste a sec-

it had to be done, and they daily grew' windows will be low ,and of large syrup are generally liked by young and time and bake. .

to be more of a,, bugbear.. To relieve size to let ,in all the sun and air pos- folks, and a bit of steak or a chop "'
the monotony I tried all the-different sible. The'floor will be of hard wood, temptingly prepared will often be enjoyed If ,you feel weak

plans given me by my "sisters and oiled or varnished, and have the dust if there is a muffin or a griddle and all worn t takeBROWN'S .

my cousins and my aunts," but noth-. : wiped-up every day. There will bea cake to "top off with." In conclusion

ing. seemed to take the place of soap fireplace, where a little fire on the let me say that I have the very IRON BITTERS


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"Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth. No.
VOL. V. -

SAWYERStaff. Contributor- : -Jacksonville' is also a polite man and: circulating medium, must be restored control the, money power can

TOM he promised me to find that hat or to the nation to whom it belongs." trol the revenue, and

Farm 'Sta.t1st1ca-No. O. pensh in the attempt. .I hope he The following is from a report of a it the State, with the

If I did any good by going to Indianapolis won't j>erish. The hat was size 7] legislative committee of the State i ( and ramifications.industry of*the* country Let us in

I am unable to see,it. .I and was not"the result of ;an New York in 1818: I

boarded at a good hotel and did'i : election bet. I never bet, but "Of all aristocracies, none more a community whose aggregate would

Someday I'll bet a dollar I'll get a h;alf than that .$31,000,000; its currency
awful lot of first.class'eating. you completely enslaves a people
million and the
when the spirit moves me I 'will dozen invitations to banquets and of money; and, in the opinion of idue supposition of its capital, one thirty millions.,

stir Major Campbell's soul to its,uttermost weddings now that my evening hat your. committee, no system was ever
assumed if the
and innermost depths with..ai is gone. The cause. of religion is gi better devised so perfectly to enslave being creased decreased, currency the other

account of the good truck me and Bob ing to suffer too. a community as that of the present tion of or the capital remaining

had on that trip. Tom boarded with tOM SAWYER. mode of conducting banking institu-- the
according to -
the t tions. Like the Siren of the fable, same,
mugwumps. would
laws of property
I shall never forget that pumpkin. Reply' to Dudley W. Adams on: they entice to destroy. They hold or fall with the increase or

j It reminded me of one raised on the National Ba.nks-No. 3. the purse strings of society, and, 'by i that is, if the currency be
"before the war." Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: monopolizing the whole of the circulating I
plantation the
to two milljons, aggregate
" Nothing is so grand since the war Secretary Chase said: 'My agency medium of the country, they of would rise to sixty

Some good lady here in Florida, after< in procuring the passage of the National form a precarious standard, by which and property if ,the currency be

listening to the raptures of a tourist : banking act was the greatest all property in the country-homes, $500,000 it would be reduced to

over lovely winter sunset, remarked: mistake of my life. It has built up. a lands, debts, and credits, personal; With this law so

"Yes, it is beautiful, but 'nothing 1 to monopoly that affects every interest i:ini and real estate. of all .descriptionsare 000,000.tablished the
place money
i the It should be repeals. valued thus rendering the whole'+ ,
compare with: the sunsets we used I I"have to country. the hands of a single individual,
before the"war.." But before this can. be done the people community dependent upon them; combination of individuals, and
s will be arrayed on one side and the proscribing every man who dares 1 to
That was a big pumpkin, and as I by expanding or contracting the
banks,on the other in a contest such awe ; their unlawful practices. '
look back over more than thirty yea rency, may raise or sink
*have in this country. committee general
never seen The on taking a
I can almost see it as two strong negro pleasure; and, by purchasing at
men raised it upon the wagon and then John Randolph said.if the second view of our State, and comparing point of greatest depression and with'r"
National bank was chartered with$35,- these facts where banks have been,
the elevation
lowered it gently to ground alongside at the point of greatest ,
with those
+ the big haystack behind the cow 000,000 "it would overawe Congress for some time, established, command the whole property '
and at its laws." that have none, are astonished at the
i lot Indeed it was "some punkin, in the dustry of community, and

about as big as those from, California President Lincoln said: "Yes, we+ alarming disparity. They see hav+ its fiscal operations. The
the dissolution they
in Tennessee all congratulate ourselves tbat; one case concentrates and
I met a most elegant lady may that before system
made in were
who lives in aristocratic'Nash. this: cruel war is nearing to a close< and the ruin they power in the hands of those who

ville, but, bless your simple soul, she It[ has cost a vast amount of treasure prosperous happy;immense trol it, and its force increases
number -
was Farmers' Alliance all over. She, and blood. But I see in the+ have brought on an farmers proportion as it dispenses with
of the wealthy
more ,
the niece of a bishop and the grandniece near future a crisis approaching that and and their families suddenly tallic basis. Never was an
they ;
of a president, was not ashamed unnerves me and causes me to tremble hurled from wealth and independenceinto ,invented better calculated to

of our order She fairly gloried it. for the safety of my country. the abyss of ruin and despaii the destiny of the many in the

' her a'"result of the of the few or less favorable to
I'll punish her by sending a copy "As war, corpora IC It be claimed that the ,

.k of. "Tom and Joe." ions have been enthroned, and an era above refers may to State banks, but,, equality and independence w ic !

I lost my stovepipe hat in Alabama of) corruption in high places will follow whether State or National, the effect: it the bottom of our free
of the It is difficult to
and the
and I shall never cease to mourn for money. power are the same.
will endeavor to prolong its anything more mischievous on
it. They are the best things in country:
Thomas H. Benton said that Jack
church collection ever reign by working upon the prejudice: ; pursuits of life .than the
take a you
up the banks but the
Commence at the back of the ,if the people until all wealth is aggregated on sudden expansion and

saw. can ; in a few hands, and the repubic tank power was ,not conquered, bu which it has now become so
church so no guilty person escape
like driven to the jungle!!
and the first fellow will drop ii is ,destroyed. I feel at this moment tigress ally subject, that it may be
with he
you 'she will return again,
of red its condition.
at least a nickel. The next will hear: more anxiety for the safety my; ordinary
the deep booming roar with which: ountry than ever before, even in th'aidst whelps! And so she did return in but those in the secret know

that nickel hits the bottom ((top) anthe'll of war. God grant that my 863 "to prey upon the prostrate when neither form lo. All are pausing and
of a bleeding republic,
ascertain whether
he suspicion groundless. to; an
: prove
think it.was, a dollar, so drops may had
off church Daniel Webster said "Liberty President, Congress nor people ontraction is next to follow,
in a dollar. I paid a big : ] i ie to resist her coming. Wit
extent and
power what will be its
i debt at Anthony on one Sunday with annot long endure in any country
three thousand whelps and an -
that hat and now I hate to lose it. where the tendency of legislation is to of hundreds of millions aggregate of and, if, perchance, an error be
; capital litted if it when
wealth in the hands of aew. expands
this You oncentrate
The it happened was : furnished the Government
way ." dollars, largely by ion is expected, or the
know I always was a wonderfully po- this she tiger has been for
; lose 1 the
said in "This lost prudent may ;
Bloxham or Sen Again Jefferson 1803:
lite man. Next to years'preying the fortunes -
twenty upon ulation; of the fruits of a life
institution is of the. most deadly
I one
ator Davidson of mandamus fame, and liberties of the people."
and The
in the. ostihty existing against the princiles care. consequence
am about the politest man
old lady aboard ) and .forms of our constitution. In seven successful Democratic discourage industry and to
State. There was an presidential campaigns, including the whole community into
and*the rheuma- I deem no government safe
with eleven bundles in' which is under the vassalage of anyilfconstituted ickson's election, the national platforms bers and speculators., The
tism and we had to change cars a
uniformly declared that "A constantly on the increase, and
authority or authority
couldI any
what ;
} hurry.at Montgomery, so in the other than that of the nation national bank is unconstitutional and continue to increase just as the
her to a place
do but help "
to liberty. becomes more
functionaries. What ing system
other and lose ,,hat. I wasn't or its regular an
exactly car bareheaded my but I was puttingon obstruction could these banks be intime John. C. Calhoun said: "Can that till it" shall. become utterly

dictate tous be favorable to liberty which concentrates able.>
to make believe that I was a [ of war! They might '
style should withdraw the and places it Thomas H. Benton made
or -
drummer and had on one of those i the peace we accept money power
little soft flaps that can double their aid. Ought we to give under. the control of- a few powerful wing statement in the United
when it is further growth to an institution so and wealthy individuals'! It is the remark Senate: governmentjtself
and in pocket
up; put your so hostile? That it is hostile of a profound statesman that to be sale when the national
time:to change, or when a'pretty girl know. I the revenue 'is the State; and, of is at the will of a company. The
train. we
aboard the
comes ,' : "Bank I course> those'who control the revenue nment can undertake no great
And again Jefferson says I
is but the gentlemanwho J
:hat ,,
.My gone, who neither nor' peace
does the Pullman business at paper must be suppressed, and the control the State; and those canT rprise, war. "A .


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out the consent. and co-operation of: calls for, no financial support at any to Canada, can distribute the productof RICH FLORIDA LANDS. 1
that corarjany. It cannot count its time, and: no trade support from, any the field, or the factory, as it' has
revenues six months ahead.without referring : State, County or Sub Alliance, until never yet been done.Faternally .
.. to the action of that company i the members have had an opportunityto yours, :
-its friendship or its enmity-its.concurrence fully satisfy, themselves that it will S. S. HARVEY, :7.'
R or opposition-to see how be to-,their interest to adopt it, that President Farmers' Alliance Exchange.
far that Company will permit moneyto they will be perfectly protected in doing .' ,
be scarce or to be plentiful; }how far so and that they can withdraw At a meeting of the Levy County "-r. ".
it will let the money system go on their support without financial loss Alliance a series of resolutions were .. ,
u regularly or throw it into disorder; whenever they find good reason for adopted in memory of David U. i iI
how far it will suit the interest or pol. such action. Mar.steller: lately' deceased. ]. A. ]
icy of that company to create a tempest We expect this plan to be put in Williams, S. E. Scarborough and J.
.. or suffer a calm in the money operation during the coming year overa M. Barco, committee. '
ocean. The people are not safe when large portion of the country. We *** iJ
such company! has such! power. The fully believe that the coming year'will The last meeting of the Alliancewas .
temptation is too great, the opportunity demonstrate by actual experiencethat one of interest and profit to all i
too easy, to put up and put down the plan is good, and that it will who were in attendance; the next meet- 1!
prices to make and break fortunes; to give our people relief from the drain ing, Decembr 19th, at 7 p. m. Subject, Farmers d Think. 4
bring the whole community upon its on their resources, now caused by "How to m ke.a living from the soil Stop an
knees to the Neptunes who presideover i the expensive "middle an." in Lee county," a subject of vital'importance WHY Spend the best years of your
the flux and reflux of paper. All The. alluded in above to all Alliance members. life cultivating the soils of the frozen ".:i
plan to
is their The quotation North and West raising on which '
property at mercy. priceof is the and crops
plan adopted by
real estate, of every growing crop, known as the National Union Company The Bevy County Alliance adoptedthe I the freight is often not realized, when .':
of everyjstaple article in the market, Plan. following: The new constitution you can buy land from the undersigned,
is at their command Stocks are their provides that all members who have I rich and fertile as any known lands,
play things-their gambling theatre, The National Union Company was been suspended for qon-payment of and where you can raise a crop that the
II 'on which they gamble daily with as organized carry the plan into effect, dues, and those who are in arrears United States Government will pay a 1"
'. .little secrecy and as,little morality,and and r find after a careful examinationthat may, by paying the initiation fee and BOUNTY of$100 on each acre. '
far more: mischief to fortunes than they are financially able to do so. I upon a two-thirds vote of their Sub- HOLD On, this,isn't all. You can sell ;i
'. common gamblers carry on thejr ope The State Exchange, which is a Alliance be restored to membership.We the said crop right there in your home '
rations." complete financial failure, has, throughits trust that the officers of the market for $250 per acre. You ask for ,-.
I deem it needless to present other Board of Directors, agreed to give various Sub-Alliances throughout the the "How" and the "Wherefore." .
quotations, of which I have many at the Union Company, for certain con: county will bring this matter to the Quite right-facts and figures count best .J}
hand. If, after reading the f foregoing, siderations to the Alliances that have attention of the brethren who have
Plant the Land with bane.
any one is not convinced,that national paid up stock in the Exchange, their allowed their names dropped for nonpayment Sugar
banks do set the price to all labor and good will and right to purchase supplies of dues, and urge them to TO OLD Farmers and careful peruSe
products of labor at will, it is becausehe for the brethren. The detail of return and assist in carrying out the ers of papers, the fact that there is now
wills not to be convinced.The the arrangement will give back to the principles of the Order. The Alliancehas established near Kissimmee, Fla., the

importance of the subject is the Sub-Alliances. who pay up their stockin accomplished great good, but St. Cloud. Sugar Refinery. is..stale .
.only plea have to offer for the length full, the money they have paid for much remains to be done, and unless news. ,Ye are talking to au our
of this' article. I hope, in a subsequent stock, 'and enable the Exchange to there is concert of action and a strong friends, Sugar cane can be raised as
article, to take up the latter part pay its indebtedness. It will put all pull all together., we will fall far shortof cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will .' ,
of Mr. Adams' article and show its brethren in line with a sensible cooperative our aims. '. pay yo.u a bounty of two cents per pound 'i
fallacy.In system that will benefit eachas on the manufactured sugar; The St. .
conclusion I will say: "If you individuals. This system does not The commissioners met Mondaywith Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,
are an Allianceman you believe in require any money or liability from a full board, and among other 'averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
Alliance principles. If you believe in the individual or organization to carryon business contracts were awarded to acre last year, and it will go ,ooo .
Alliance principles you are opposedto the business. You are,only askedto overseers to work the county roads. pounds this year.METHODS .
the money power. If you are op- give the business your patronage :They also hired out at from one to ? This isn't the only big
posed to the money power, you are upon the plan proposed. The planas five dollars per month, the county chance of your life, however. The "
an enemy of the parties that protect adopted embraces the establishingof prisoners who were sentenced to hard cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee -
this money power. The power that stores, one or more in each county, labor. These prisoners are now free, is to become an assured, profitable u-
controls the national nking'system, whereby a general line of goods can and if there ever was a fraud perpe- fact. There is no richer or better
the power that prevents legislation in be distributed direct to the consumers trated upon the law abiding citizens of truck and market-garden lands in the
the interest of the farmer and laborer, from the producers.It the.county, it is this practice of liber- world than the. land on the rich over
this power i is the money power. It is is considered that you are entitledto ating criminals who have been convicted flow, or bottom lands about Kissimmee. ..
the man or the dollar. Take your division of the profits or what is and sentenced, by the courts. Write, for confirmation, to Col
choice." saved by direct trade. Therefore, the If our commissioners have the goodof A. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia :.
HERSCHEL P. WALKER, A.M. company offers to give you two percent 'the county at heart in this matter, Times, who has personal knowledge. ,
Auburndale,Polk Co..,.Fla..) rebate upon gross amount of they will never accomplish their pur Then in lands for orange groves, or .
your purchases and a share of the surplus -I pose by making a farce of the courts groves already! cultivated or bearing,
National Union, Store earnings of the company under I and putting a premium on crime. We I can satisfy you that your best interests j 1
OFFICE OF ) i the; proposed plan of cooperative dis speak plain because the subject demands lie in seeing me-before any one, else. )
STATE ALLIANCE EXCHANGE. x tribution.All it.-Levy T.-D. '
JACKSONVILLE. FLA., Dec. 2, iSgi.. \ admit the complete failure of BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The health
BRETHREN-At: the meeting of the local exchanges. This offers a solution WAS IT FAIR?.this is the questionPresident fulness and beauty of Kissimmee "" 4
States' Business Association at Indian of the trouble,in a business way. Plant asked himself when have neve.r been questioned. No i
apolis, held November i6th to 23d, Ve are satisfied'the order will find the the Farmers Alliance accused him of ,diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia -
that body made a report to the Na- National Union Company a,safe me- causing the advance of ten cents a -in fact, read our medical .
tional Alliance, from which I quote: dium through which the business of box freight on oranges. Mr. Plant report Beautiful cottages, villas or '1
**We have, after long study and deliberation all industrial organizations can be carried says the accusation is very unjust, in lots suitable for residences. Write
endorsed a system basedon I on. Without any investment you view of the fact that he sent the legal for terms and particulars. .
the Rochdale plan by which every will reap the full benefit of cooperaive solicitor of his line to meet the repre- COME SOUTH, And get untold
member of the Alliance in good trade. Through knowledge derived sentative orange and vegetable growers quantities of the grandest climate in .
standing who trades with stores operated from experience in the past, its of Florida, and the managers of the world free with each acre of ground "
under this system will havean believed we can arrive at success in the railroad lines north of Savannah, purchased. Come where you,can till
interest in the profits derived from the future. leading into Baftimore, Philadelphiaand the soil twelve months in the year. .
the business, not only of the store: he Let us assist in establishing a National New York, at a meeting held in At least write to me for full particulars.. )
deals with, but also of every other Union Store in every trade cen- the latter city last May, and at that Tw XTIB in.T. CANNON, J
store of the kind in 'the United States; ter. By so doing, we will make it meeting Mr. Plant's attorney, Mr. Kissimmee, Fla.
a plan by which every Allianceman possible to buy goods we consume at Charlton, of Savannah, made a strung Agent For the for Associated the! land of Railway the DlMton lauds Compaatea,sad the,
III in good standing, whether he trades a reasonable rate and sell our productto speech, asking the otherlines, to lower lands of Klulmmee Land Co.
Phosphate, cane, rice, trucking,
with these stores or not, may have a much betteradvantage. thousand their rates so that freight on Florida Fruit, grazing,sugar timber, general farming,
voice in the selection of the principal or more stores, under one head, scat- raised products could be sent to Northern :and home.lands. Send for map showisg :
managers( the,business; a plan which tered overtire country; from the Gulfs markets at less rates of transpor- :lands. -.,_ *
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,'" tation. Again, has not Mr.; Plant'invested for position or office_ until he shall have and, in spite of previous years' teach For Nervous ProstrationUse

more money in railroads, steamships first pledged himself to the support of ing, the commission house came in H.orsro d's Acid Phosphate.DR. .

and hotels for Florida's benefit these demands.Be vogue again, the grower furnishingmore W. GRAEVES, Northfield,

.' .than any one man or dozens.of men in it further resolved, That ,a copy capital to keep them i in the field. Minn., says: "I have used it in cases

it, and naturally his interests,are iden- of this resolution be furnished the The green fruit poured in on the heels of nervous prostration, and also in

.. tical with those whose prosperity is press for publication. of the largest fruit crop of every other combination with other remedies in

/ bound up i in the State.. He has caused 1 e kind, if we are to believe common report -, indigestion, it has proved as satisfac-

his line,to put on a special service of I A man who has practiced medicinefor that has been seen for years ; I tory as could be expected.

double trains for'the speedy deliveryof 40 years, ought to know salt] from :down went the prices of oranges and x 9 .

,Florida fruits and vegetables, and sugar; read what he says: they are still down, with the weight of Influence of Language on

as an evidence it was appreciated by the consignment system again on top, Character.

./) the shipping public, we need but say TOLEDO, 0., Jan. 10, 1887. squeezing the very life out of the I am quite certain that if to-day

that for the season 'of 1890,. his line Messrs. F. J. Cheney & Co.:--Gen- grower: France and Germany were suddenlyand

,- Jacksonville and Gainesville tlemen-I: have been in the general
'through There is one point more I wish to miraculously to interchange
47,000 boxes of fruit, while for practice of medicine for most 40 years, touch upon, and that is this : Are the tongues, the two nations would shortly

,the same season of 1891 through the and would say that in all my practice English people. any bigger fools than undergo some unlooked for altera-

same avenues; 267,000 boxes were 1 and experience have never seen a 'Americans? We wouldbe led to be- tions. I have known several people

transported.-Ocala Banner. preparation that I could prescribe withas lieve so by some of our commission whose superficial characteristics were

*** much Hall's confidence Catarrh Cure of success manufactured as I friends(?). I have never seen an Eng- quite different according as they spoke

I haven't time to write'along letter, can ; lishman wno would eat.a sour orange French or English although they were
Have it
: but I want to .say to the brethren of by you. prescribed a with any more relish than an American as fluent in the one as in the other. I
times and its effect is
Alabama that I have returned from great many won- and yet we are told that they know of one woman who is common
derful and would in conclusionthat
._ Indianapolis, where the Supreme say really prefer a green sour orange to a and ill-bred as an Englishwoman, but
I have to find of Ca-
;Council of the Farmers' and Indus- yet a case nice ripe one. Some have evidently who, when she speaks French, which
tarrh that it would if
trial Union met, and to say that we not cure, they swallowed this rot, as I understandone she knows well, is apparently well-
would take it directions.
had a grand meeting, the newspaper Yours according to of the parties who advertises it mannered and rather active Nor, as-

reports to the contrary, notwithstand L. truly L. GORSUCH, M. D. shipped 2,000 boxes to, Liverpool and' we reflect, does this seem altogether .

ing. The papers say that we split on Office St. destroyed the market for Florida strange when we consider how much

the subtreasury.And I want the 21S.Summit' oranges at one stroke. After buyingone national character has to do with the

brotherhood to know just how we We will give$i oo for any case of Catarrh of then oranges they wanted no evolution of language, and how impossible -

split, for I was present when the ,vote that cannot be cured with Hall's more. I .am told by Englishmen that exact translation is. I have

was,taken, and the National Alliance Catarrh Cure. Taken internally. over there they do not expect a sweet heard a man say that to read or speak

endorsed the sub treasury by an unan F. J. .CHENEY & CO., Props., Toledo orange before March, and it is hard French made him feel gay, and that

imous rising vote. So we split with O.fi@Sold for them to believe that a sweet orangecan the effect of like uses 'of German was

all the delegates on one side. The by Druggists, 759.psceUany be had before Christmashencethe quieting.-Dr. Weir Mitchell,. in the

.- Farmers' Mutual Benefit, Association shipment of green oranges there Christmas Century.

endorse our demands without cross does more harm than can be calcu

: '.ing an I or dotting a'T. Indeed we had ] lated, as they must be taught that

meeting.I ... Florida fruit before
grand -""'- - can supply sweet EVERY FAMILY

will write more when I have time. Sell at Home. Christmas. R.. P. BURTON.

'-S. M. ADAMS, in Alliance Herald. Editor Farmer:and Fruit Grower: Iecsburg. *. Should be provided with Ayer's Pills.

*** I To our mind the only sensible sug- No other aperient is in such general demand -
I Pears in Texas.A
-The County Alliance meeting in gestion that we have read, we think, or so highly recommended by the
Texas writer in the American Agri- profession. Mild but thorough in
our midst'was quite pleasant, and we was from Mr. Manville: Sell at home.
culturist : Along the coast the ation, these pills are the best of all remedies
hope will be profitable. Our goodteacher Others advocate various methods, all Kieffer and says LeConte for constipation,biliousness,heart

J. A. Cox, made a telling of which ae. apparently a failure. produce won- burn, indigestion flatulency, loss of appetite
speech. ,Mr. Walker, of Auburndale, Looking at it in the light of the past, derfully, and the trees are'very healthy.. liver complaint, and sick head
In North Texas the LeConte
blights ache. They break colds, fevers, and
made the best Alliance revelation that we know that the seasons which have up
badly and blooms very early, but the malaria, relieve rheumatism and neu-
this scribe's the
it was ever pleasure to brought us most money were the
Kieffer of fruit. and travel-
ralgia are indispensable to
hear; but the best of all was the talk seasons when the fruit was sold at produces extra crops
Few of the European! or native Amer- ers, by j i land or sea. .
;. on temperance by Mr. Bayston, of home. Sugarcoat- jJ ed and com-
ican of
(Lakeland. I think that question just Three seasons, ago the writer con- types pears seem to producewell. pounded of eels the purest
The pear of Japan is being ____JcatTfartic8
now should concern us most. Let us signed 2,900 boxes of fruit- and the vegetable ,

..all, in the name of God and in, the returns averaged about 75 cents per experimented with, and some'skillful they may be taken with impunity by
horticulturist in time old and
of and and.for the the may produce a young. Physicians recommend
name reason right, box-netting 35 cents on tree.
suited this latitude. these pills. preference to any other.
hybrid -to Any
; sake of humanity, put this dreadful That was his second season in the soil that will U."W.Hersh,Judsonla,A k.says: "In
I:: 'traffic far from us, as many of our old business and the last in consigning.We good cotton-producing 1853,by? the advice of a friend I began
suit the and the will
t citizens ,know what a curse whisky sold the remainder of the crop in apple peach pro.duce the use of Ayer's Pills u as a remedy for

b has been to Polk county, from the February at $1.75 per box f. o. b. pears. Pears do well in deep, biliousness, constipation, high fevers,
clay soil if water is found from ten to and colds. They served me better than
if killing of Tom Branch (more than The next season there was a united
forty feet. In situations!$ where cotton anything I had previously tried, and I
twenty years ago) to the late lamented effort to, concentrate upon the Fruit should be have used them in attacks of that sort
Bobby Parker, all in Bartow. Let us Exchange or sell at home. This plan blights, pears not planted.The ever since." *
soil for should be well
do our.duty'as Christian men and vote worked .admirably, buyers coming in pears
the better. It '
as-we pray.-Bartow Courier. and taking the fruit at good prices. prepared-the deeper Ayers Cathartic Pills
should be well harrowed and the trees
Last season buyers came in early and
cultivated for three four and Every Dose Effective.:.
or years
Resolution of. Fort Pierce SubFarmers' bought largely, contracting)largely for
: clear of The Kieffer has
Alliance: late shipment, at high prices. The kept grass.

WHEREAS, The present financial l lr mistake was theirs, as they were.spec proved so far the best pear for general THE
f cultivation in Texas it is excellent WE TELL
;. %.policy; of 'the two great parties is in ulating and they lost heavily in many as
for the market of size
being large and TRUTHabout
direct Apposition to the interests and cases. This season, remembering last
rich color.
I ._ welfare\ of the farmers and laboring season's experience, they started in golden S about Seeds. We will send
" e .4
I classes;.andWHEREAS slowly and would have bought cautiously you Free our Seed Annual
Oysters and Seedsare for 1892, which tells
That in many of the and safely a crop at a time,
valuable for what's in 'em. Good and bad I THE.WHOLETRUTH.
'" .,
I' States these two great parties have, paying the ruling price at the time of oysters look alike in the shell. Good and bad

r.k ,united and waged bitter warfare against purchase, and the business, in all can seed teU often a have worthless the'same appearance. it.Anyone The .

Alliancemen and Alliance demands, probability, would have moved,on value of seed must be determined by its growth. / We illustrate and 'give

I showing conclusively that these parties smoothly and fruit would have broughta want This makes seeds that its will quality grow worth,and you considering-want the product You / prices In this Catalogue,
have no issue as between them fair pnce. The slowness with which to be of value. You cannot insure either of ** which Is handsomer than
these things by mere inspection. There is but
;:. selves, but are both paid agents of Wall they took hold did not,suit the average one guarantee; the reliability of the firm ever. It tellsNOTHING
I from which you buy. That our advertisers, BUT TH'E"Write
street therefore be itResdvtdl He afraid the
; grower. was season Messrs.D. M.Ferry&Co.,of Detroit,Mich.,are for It
i' That we stand uncompromisingly would advance and leave him with his most reliable is attested by the fact that millions, (P.O.BOXD.M.FERRY&CO.DetroItMlclt to-day.J071' TRUTH
buy seeds from them year after year. Their .
committed to the support of fruit on his hands, to market in competition enormous business furnishes the highest proof of ,
I the,"Ocala demand|;" and to secure with the balance of the State. their reliability. Their Seed Annual for 1891 is a
model of its kind
't -illustrated,descriptive priced.:
: legislation favorable to these demands This, coupled with the impression that It contains information of great value to anyone FOR SALE-One second hand w

(' "" we stand pledged to support 'no man the crop as very large,frightened him, the about firm's to plant address seeds.Detroit Sent,Mich.free'on.application to Write for varticutarw Press for sate" 'cheap. at'bM ce'

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To Destroy ,Bugs. REPORT OF'THE CONDITION ''IT ANTED-To buy Wood and gentle mare, I
1 between five and nine years old;weU broketo fflORlPA I DISPATCH{ j.. GRo
The following is from a bulletin of OP work to the buggy and elsewhere, and to ride. uu 1
Also one young bull and two heifers or younj UI
the Tennessee Experiment Station: THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK cows,full blooded Guineas;and a few half blood t ERY fARMtKAUUNCtOKMOOATtB .
cows. Write, describing what you have for sale, R
Only general principles for the destruction OP FLORIDA and giving prices. JOHN B. CARRIN, Stephens- JANVAIT*ttttf
be here, yule Fla. i2-i7-2t .t
of _the bugs can At Jacksonville, in theState of Florida, at the .
cussed. To"the structure of the mouth close of business, December 2, 1891 FOR.SALu..choice budded orange trees, must Publisher.

parts, and in consequence of their mode RESOURCES.Loans room; Satsuma, Pineappleand 1..

is due the and discounts................... '1267,289.52 Homosassa. Correspondence solicited. Puce, Terms of Subscription: .
1 of feeding, greatest difficultyin Overdrafts, secured and unsecured.... 4653.49 25c. T. D. WILLIAMS. Secretary, Waldo, Fla.

dealing with them. Unlike ,the U. S.bonds to secure circulation...... 50000.00 For one year._................. ...... .... $9 00 l
Stocks securities .....;........... SALE-Handsome branched Kieffer r
most other destructive insects, as larvaeof from, approved, etc.reserved agents.. 31,410.00Due 21396.87 FOR three years old some bearing. pear Ad- For six months ..,.. .. ..............._ 1..OQJ9 ) 'i

butterflies moths and beetles (grubs Due from other National,banks....... 30,037.54Due dress J. H. GIRARDEAU,Monticllo"Fla.
from State banks and bankers... 19,035.31 I2-IO-6t Subscriptions In all cases cash In ad .

caterpillars, etc), and grasshoppers, Banking house,furniture and fixtures, 12,500.00 vance. ''1
all of which have Other real estate and mortgages FOR SALE-25ooo9-year sour stocks;5,000 Jaffa, :i-
adult beetles, etc., owned;............... ............... 12958.45 Majorca and Villa Franca lemon flatea of Advertising- onapRlicatlon.REMITTANCE .
biting mouths and consequently gnaw Current expenses and taxes paid .... 6,688.1. buds in same;7,000 2-year Catley Guavas.CORP'L ;1
Premiums on U. S. bonds, ..... ..... 9,000.00Checks MURDOCH, Oxford, Fla.% 12-10-21 should be made by Check; '
their food; the true bugs only suck the and other cash items.; ........: 9,651.16 ]
juices of -the plant or animal they at- Bills of other banks.................... 17,974.00 BETTER THAN A BANK ACCOUNT fine Postal Note,Money Order, or Registered Let I
Fractional paper currency, nickles, Now is the time to start one. ter to order of
tack, inserting their beak for this purpose and cents........... ......... ..... 240.11 Write for particulars.grove. D. L. PIERSON, Monti- 'J
Into of the food. Specie............................ ..... 7,052.00 cello, Fla. 12-3-31 FLORIDA DISPATCH AND' FARMER .'
the substance- Legal-tender notes.................... 20000.00 .
This renders useless the use of the Redemption fund with U.S.Treasurers TJEEKEEPERS-Will sell you sections, foundations AND FRUIT GROWER, -i
insecticides ( per cent.of circulation) .... ...... 800.00 ) and other supplies at Northern Man
solid _
much used poisonous Jacksonville, Fla.
price if ordered at once. D. L. PIER-
such as Paris green, London purple, Total..... .......................... $530,686.63 SON, Monticello,Fla. I2.3 3t. i

etc.., which cling in solid particles to LIABILITIESCapital NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY '
and stock paid in .......!......... $50,000.00 A FIRST-CLASS lul1-bearingorange must
the outside of leaves, etc. are Surplus fund.............,............. 10,000.00 rbe sold at some price,obliged to have money
n eaten by the insect with its food. And Undivided profits.....................v 41,526.84 quick. A great investment. Apply KENNARD'SGJlOVE aIN
Waldo, Fla. COUNTY
National bank notes outstanding...... 45000.00 "-3-4t JUDGE'S COURT /
we,are forced muse means of destruc DUVAL COUNTY, FLORIDA.)

tion other than poisons to- be eaten. DEPOSITS. .FOR SALE-10,000 first-class i arfd 2-year-old WHEREAS, Chas. W. 'DaC tat administrator
[ndlvidual,deposits subject and lemon buds. Price 30 to 400. f. o. of Geo. C. Goodrich deceased,
One of the most generally applicableis mandcertificates...de- $267,002.25 b. J.L. DERIEUX, Lakeland, Fla. i>3-4t late of the county aforesaid, having filed in the
of office of the County Judge of said writ-
.insecticide that kills by contact Deposit,..................... 14,717.10 ten suggestion of the insolvency of county said a estate
SALE-Six thousand budded and -
with the body of the insect. Perhapsfor Certified checks............ "7-45 fOR fruit trees; fine, staked; suitable orange for notice is hereby given to all persons having claims
National banks
Due to other 44,311.68Due
NoRToN of any nature whatever said estate, to file
M.D. ,Eustis, Fla. 12-3-41 against
most the best is kerosene to State banks and
purposes the same, duly authenticated, in the office of
bankers...... ............ ;
9,606.04-335.754-52 Judge of said county on or before the 8th 1
emulsion, of which the following is Notes'and bills re-discounted......... ,403.27 3and4-YSAR.OLDKHIF-, Count April,A. D., 1892, at which time<< there will 1
an approved Bills payable........................... 20,000.00 FORLECONTE HYBRID PEAR be a pro rata payment to creditors entitled; thereto $\
TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE, MON- and the administrator discharged. "
Total.................. ........... $530,686.63 TICELLO, FLA. II-26-tf Witness my name as County Judge of said .'a
JORMULA. STATE OF FLORIDA { county, this a8th day of September A. D., 1891. ),
',Make boiling COUNTY OF DUVAL,) "* JAPAN Persimmon choice kinds Loquat,Satsu- W. B.OWEN, .
soap'emulsion by one-
I,Bryan"Taliaferro, Cashier the above named trees very cheap. Write for terms.F. io-i-6m County Judge.
half pound of common hard in TRUEBLOOD Archer, Fla. 11-26-6: i....
soap bank, do solemnly swear that the above state- _.__. 1
one gallon of water until- the soap is belief.ment is true to' the best BRYAN of my TALIAFERRO knowledge ,and BUDDED-- orange trees, finely newest' Notice ,of Incorporation. -

dissolved. Take of Cashier. \) .varieties, 30 to 40 cents. Call Notice is hereby given that the ;
address O. ROWE Okabumka Lake Co. Fla.II196t. undersigned S
,or ,
Subscribed and sworn to,before :me this i5th persons have formed a corporation under the .
Kerosene.,......................2 gallons. day of December, 1891. general incorPOration law of the State ofFlorlda. S

Soap solution........ .........i gallon. JAMES I. MUNOZ, WRITE to W. G.Tilghman, Palatka, Fla., for The Duncan name&of Hutchinson this corporation Limited.shall" be Its"Sprague principafplace ...f.

Add"'the Notary Public Duval County regarding his book on nature's of business, in Florida shall be in .
solution hot Jacksonville -
soap boiling Correct-Attest law that controls the sex. It is of great value to
L : Duval county Florida. It shall also have'. ,
to the kerosene and it SCHUMACHER stock breeders, for with it you tan have either of in
? agitate violentlywith JAMES places New York City and elsewhere -*''
male female
or at will. No humbug because it '
JOHN CLARK in the United States and abroad.
a force pump until the two com J. C. S. SCHUMACHER, can tie had to be paid for when you are satisfiedas i general nature of the business to be transactedIS

bine into a creamy liquid,. which thick- Directors..BARTER to its merits. n-I -Iot I consulting electrical engineering; the promotion J

construction, management,purchase sa.1e..
ens upon cooling, without the separation I FORnIGN'GRAPItVINES-Ofbet: :earliest and etc., of electrical undertakings and securities 01 w:
of oily drops on the surface. COLUMN d by 10 years' all kinds, and such other business as may be in* a
any experience in Florida. Chasselas Luttichau, Madeleine ddental thereto. The amount of the capital .
The pump, that is used to spray plantsor Blue and other! Send for circular H. stock authorized is $50,000 in 500 shares of Jroo jJ
be used for Definite exchange offers inserted free. State VON LUTTICHAU, Earleton, Fla. 11-12-301 each. The terms and conditions upon which its
trees may agitating, what you have and what you want. to be paid in shall be upon call of the directors. :1

passing the liquid through, the pump Open to subscribers only. TTAKI (JAPAN PERSIMMON)-5,000 Hachaiya This corporation shall commence at once, and .
1\ Hyakume. Yemon and Zingi trees, 3 to 6 terminate on the ist day of May A. D. 1925. The .
back into the vessel from which'
same feet high. Also 3,000 of fine variety not yet business of the company shall be conducted by a
it is drawn. Five to ten minutes' I WOULD be glad to exchange or sell about 50 named by the Department of Agriculture. Local board of four directors, who shall be elected at
nice bushy little yellow Catley guava trees, names: Sanford's Imperial,Triumph,etc Trees the annual meeting of the stockholders, which J
pumping is necessary.To { to Yi inches, some bearing for Kieffer pear 2 to 3 feet. All for sale cheap. J. R. MclRViN, hall be held at such time as the by-laws may '
trees or good cuttings or both. Write to J. R. Gainesville Fla. II 5-iot provide. The highest amount of indebtedness to
use, add one part of the kero- CAMPBELL, Paisley, Lake Co., Fla. which the corporation can at any time subject 1
nn Cash with order.-Mote's Hiatt Auto- itself is one million dollars. The undersigned
sene emulsion, made as above, to from j JILL SELL OR EXCIIANGEMyhomeptace.consisting $15, matic Single Orange Sizer will size hall compose its first Board of Directors who 1
nine to twelve parts of water, mixing V V of 20 acres good grey pine land, 2SO boxes per day. Hundreds now in use. Send hall serve until their successors are elected. .
about 9 acres in fruits, 6 in orange grove, and for testimonial sheet: order early. This is acknowledged FRANK j. SPRAGUE, -
thoroughly. The weaker solution is about 3 in a variety of other fruits, nearly all by aU to be the best and cheapest Louis DUNCAN,
,used for delicate plants. bearing some; perfectly healthy; good location; izer in existence. E. H. MOTE'S SIZER Co., ALFRED BISHOP MASON, \
very good community. Can send photos to reliable Leesburg, Fla. io-22-iot 12-17-51 CARYT. HUTCHINSON.gK }
f 'This is best applied by some kind parties. Prefer, to sell; would take part pay in
or shell other good hammock or other good prop ,ACARTNEY ROSES make beautiful, ever- .!
of spraying pump, as the success of erty. J. R. CAMPBELL, Paisley, Lake Co., Fla. i n_ green.stock-proof .Plants and cuttingsfor "
bale :M. ONEILL, Fairbanks,Fla. Io8IStL
the application depends largely on .

touching every part of every insect to ENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To 0 .

be killed. The best form of pump of o .So ,

course depends on the particular pur- insure insertion in this column advertisements .1
must be accompanied by the
pose for which it is desired. For the Advertisements must not exceed money.fifty words. 1i i 4 4Z

majority of affected 1 by the' He- Postage Stamps received in payment.
crops and address.
every word including name = .
teroptera some form of knapsack pumpis \

probably preferable. BREAD AND CAKE KNIF .Who f
CHRISTY been annoyed time and again in the
attempt _to cut bread with an ordinary knife? C v :
The CHRISTY BREAD KNIFE is the best ever )
offered for sale, and the only one that will cut Q.r d t tM
bread perfectly. It will cut hot bread as nicely 1
as it will cold. Agents wanted. I. M. OSBORN,

T utt'sP-ills- Daytona, Fla. it

: SALE-I have several fine full blood 1
FOR Rock cockerels for sale at $I.SO '4
each .0.b. here. Address WM. AIKTN, St. Augusttne r M 3 3V

tfmnlate the torpid liver,.. ...-.... Box 274. 12-17-31 _
&hedlgeetloeorgansregulatIst... ) 'z ,
= la, and...ttne .naled as .a ,V ANTED-Tangerine trees budded on sour .
or bitter-sweet. Address, stating size,pricey e
S the hundred and stock. J. P. CORRIGJN, i
MEDICINE. Saint Leo, Florida. _it_ CONSUMPTION J

.III>.tarlat district*tn.f r virt.M.*. full blood and
Rtaelk recogn iced,.. OR SALE-jersey bull ALLIA\CE! CVLTIV ATOll.
Uar propert'lett In tney POMCM pee- F kind, 2 years past, worth $io0; will take $35: lbaftapomdft remedy for tba show dbMM j bf Its
freeing tit
from that pot.on. Blegantly*crrtcw 1. have two. Orange trees, Bronze turkeys, 2 For field, garden and grove. "The best cultivator QM thousands. of ewe of th..von*kind and of loci
_&eel. Bore_.u. Price, *ate*. Langihan; chickens, eggs. W.H. MANN', Mann- I ever saw," is the verdict of all who use it. I&&Ddina have hen eared. Indeed 80 itrot*s.my WIll '
Works either level or on a bedperfectly adjustable -
ville,Putnam Co., Fla._22.17-3t draught ba It.sncser that I wU1 send TWO BOTtLU ras,wkh 1
cleanest cutting;lightest _
Every wle. &eue to ni>
this say
warranted. Price io.
Satsuma trees also Every cultivator fully $ I
ANTED Large orange ; Mdrsr.
their Erpntt '
O 99&'4] Park J1: V G. W. .MELLISH, DeFnniakprings GODBEY & HARRIS lame woe wffl sand me 1
ce .\ Kumquats.,
: Fla. 12-17-21 1 Waldo Fla., ''i". A.. Slocnm M.'C., 181 Pearl, St. N. Y. ..1
I --1
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'; + ;v .< A,<:? **"' >T Jt Qi>Jf'L rijv>| > l 3 t' Iro 4: : .T_;rRnOliJ !ttiiliti4 :lAND; muaROWER.: fD O HBER 11.18 _r
.- ,

l a T1'i'j! .A.....1 q =J 1 I 'TardUfJOrange and
tJ iJ I f Fp: Leonady .Grape I .
: .
: :;: :
Jacksolliffle k Jt -
1iupAi L AST. spring buds onjtocljS] from..%to;3 mchesln cliameler.: As thrifty, healtliy J
and well-rooted trees as can probably be found,in the State. The Leonardj-
Grape: Fruit,thought hybrid grape,: 'fruit and 'sweet orange; IS.practically a typical

x:'& Key West SystemS grape fruitrpf:superior'quality; Also Mango and Avacada pear;trees. ,': ;

'4 ? -. s '2=.I*-3n' CYRUS, W.',BUTLER,; St. 'Petersburg, Fla.. 3

I .. ,.
? -- -
,JK ::. AND .0

.. J GREAT. OFFER JSS3S8r UPRIGHT PIANOS., ,- :<:'..:: .

EAST, ,COAST LINE. ..Pianos and FINLST,. FACTORYIN ..:,'-.".
\ UNITE STATES.. ,, -,
Organs I.
: *
Extending Southeast, South ano $35.:: > Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
ecy. c--.t -i .Jacksonville{ **>* 08 trial in Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. Florida Central ,and, Penin'sularRAILROAD
I( Southwest from coverS ----
7onrdorhom.+ From REV.JAS.M.POTTS,D. D.,editor of Michigan -
over one thousand: miles of tropical ga1inq ror Christian Advocate Detroit, lich.: 4To say that ,
dddr \re are delighted,,with the'.Piano does not 'express THE FLORIDA TRUNK LINE
the fact. We are-jubilant. If all your instruments
i country, and reach' all prominent The-T Son Piano A Oifan are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone asBEER (Formerly'the.F.'R. A N. Co.)offers Increased
FALLS.. PA ,this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred." facilities this season._for travel to Florida,.
, winter and summer .,pleasure.. .. resorts. From PROP..E..H. PECK Valhermo&a Springs, Ala.: "We could.not be pleased better with having In addition to Its old and, popular
thefcasing or tone;quick in response melodious. In short we are highly pleased with thtorgan." connections, the' LOUISVILLE k NASHVILLE -
of.Florida ;.- From B. D. GRIGGS, Adairsville, Ga.j "I am.well,pleased with the organ in every respect. It is R: R atthe-River Junction FLORIDA and the
... all you claim it to be.'* GEORGIA SOUTHERN & (the
If -- E4ST COAST Prom Y. M. C. A per T. G. COOLKY Hillsboro, N.' C.:- "The organ gives entire satisfaction. Suwannee River'route to Floridai, arranged;
; ) ', Every one who has seen It is very much pleased with the instrument and the'pripe! the same." fora new ruute from .the West and Northwest -,.
t. THIS GREAT'L'ABRREGIOR: ; From BEN.P.STEELE Presoot, Ark.; family well pleased in every respect with thearxan. via Montgomery,Bainbrldge and Monti*'
Y .. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder.' 'cello, carrying -ihrongb. 6leepel1l. from ,.CIN
: S..' THE PHOSPHITE FIELDS, CINNATI-The road TO has TAMPA.now no less. than' .-

I;: THE PINEAPPLE; FIELDS Seren Points of ,Connection With
\ .
: -,.'!.V' 'THE ORANGE .GROVESK The DaGOSTA ? .HOUSE: the North, .,
'IIt ,
K A'ti1D namely, Fernandina, Callahan.Jacksonville,
It ::THEFBTII: i ,AND? VEGETABLE: l.:;i. ,, ;...-_ .,-, ,;::r: ..'0" .::..: r' ..:":J i -' :.:.. ':.' .: Junction Live Oak,Lake making- City.comfortable. ,Montlcello connectionswith end River
,. :' ': 'c.ZL:" :>:>.JiJ; AOKSONVILLR: FhA .,< Chicago, Kansas City and all northern,
: : ; ; :
.:' _S:: :. ', .yU' _. .,'- :. : .. .. t ...': -.-.'-. cities, for which this road ,is specially 1D-
( : : '- augurated.

: iL, : ': i --.. .-- '-' :;: :- .: was. destroyed-in the great, fire August:,17th,'but I wish to say to my friends and The Florida Central

THREE"THROUGH :.. :. ::,.; patrons that all orders, for and Peninsular RailroadIs '

-', -" TRAINS. ,' ;' the greatest artery of travel through the
;::'''.: V four finest counties parts of Florida Gadsden., .traversing twenty-Duval, ..
"'''c --I PRX- T'TJNG- ': : and BtNJJ: : Alachua. Lake-, Leon, Suwannee Jefferson, Nassau,

;: Levy Orange,, Hlllsborough. Waknlla,
THO opicav'TrnnK 'LinD! Columbia, Clay,, Marlon, Polk, Manatee,
Will receive the usual promptness and attention. Madison, Baker, Bradford, Bumter, Her- +
nando and DeSoto- In' their richest portion
It runs through the MIDDLE FLORIDA REGION :
'''These' lines, are equipped with lie OF HILL COUNTRY where are the fine old
1 Iff WE If PRESSES Iff1ACEI1EY Farming Lands' and the New Tobacco

latest:improved,modern appliances fortlle'safety Farms

.- _. "
: s
: and comfort of passengers.,; ; Breached by'no other line), some' of them
Of.the.most approved patterns, will be> put in thenew, o ce'tli ughout. To accommodate conducted on a large scale He>e are Quincy;
Our patrons, call; them theFINEST Tallahassee (the capital), Monticello, Madison .
:, my. .personal nftffoj!+ ( liava honght.nnf. and other towns, from whose comfortable,
I = . i ample dwellings, reposing, in. a fertile;
! ;: r. IN. .FLORIDA.. country Is coming a renewed energy to employ
I '" The Till es Uni n. Job Printing Office' 'and-; Boot Bindery the resources lavished about 'them
,i. :'liainl: ;leave Jacksonville{ ,via: j., ',.T.&aL .' ; stretching down throngh" '. '
_The.Peach Country .

,I t :.., 1 'W.," '8.50., a* m., daily, >!except, And, will conduct 'mY, business at, ,this stand until December 1st, when I will move of Baker, throughbe', Bradford, Alachua and Levy counties
" iirosperonsStrawberry
: Sunday, ; 12.15" p.m.; daily" j' 4:oo p. into the New Building specially! erected for my accommodation. :'''Farms

; Arrive' I 1 of Lawtey,8tarke and WaldDperhapl.upertot a tin
m/ daily pt'SunQ.ay' 63oairi.
IF REMEMBER IS ON DECK: profit to the orange .grove. -It goes through .
; DACOSTA the heart of the State penetrating some 01
:; 6.10 ,
k- ; ,12.55' p. m., rvnvTrains the finest. groves,one,haying

, .'':'.&':.) i :leave Jacksonville;- 'via. ,East' '''Send.us your orders. ,Xarge contract; )specially. :estimated on. '. 1 ,OQO Full-bearing: Orange

.. S Coast Lines .8.00 a. m. daily 4.06 Trees;
,, ;
; W. =OOSTA: r--:, :;Pro passing for nearly mile between them
v .$ olIYJJ.oo m. daily CHAS.._ ,: : ; praetor.. making Its way southward to the Gulf,and to'
p. ., uncay p. t the more tropical portions: of the ,State.:' In,
NOVEMBER 11, 1891. : all portions of tne State It reaches point of,
I except(Sunda Y.!.. Arrive_ x,5osujri.. Scenic' interest.Waknlla .

It. 5-40 p. ; Springs in'the West, the' Suwannee

If .Y,7-tt, S.. "... .,.'" "'NU.-....-.....R'S'ERfES-0F-tHE---... '. r ----- famous River, ,as Silver beautiful 13 ;and: :romantic the lake as region it .It

; INDIAlI.RV. STEAMERS.. ; and the lakes* t crlnsrst10, with their surroundings
:: j I Ob.; of. rolling land interspersed with
'I: Leave'Titus: dlle:,b.oc a.>n4 daily MiIwaukee-Fjcnida'Orange! : :: pleasant homes In green groves,sloping dowi
'f .. : : to the clear lake fronts r Br means' of thli
I ''exceptund a 'fe>!fIDckf; e'; Eau Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit: Trees a Specialty, '. road yon CAn most readllyseach theHunting

*M Ct* __., / Budding.Wood for"pale at&U{ times. and- Grounds..
: Galliel4fiei r* and*" ''H -landings. J -" ... s .
- IT *>;) .. m w Our stock lg large'and mplete._ /PROMPT ATTENTION TO, COIJREaPONDKNCEr,, For The settler will find on the line of this roada
greater opportunity tor varied selection oi
t Leave{EitusviHe! ,'700.;pA ;. Mon. 4 5 Catalogue and Price-List,address land than on any other road In the State-
from Jlghtettt.SOUl. to.th08euhderla-id..wits,
t days, Wednesdayst azidEddays; for AL; ,DUNCAN J, Manager,; .Dunedin, Fa): .* clay whether"and for mari regular; and mixed of richest farming. hammock,stock cut-

{ dairy farming'peach or strawberry cul+res?il
ard '
I Jupiter | way lltmlings .Connect- k : ,
If'C j* X.T.PAI8K. .f' : J.OVKBTON PAIWI.: orange! graves and vegetable gardens w
r.. 9 Junlfetwrth i > -ofJ.;|& L. : The i tourist.,:will be's gratified .
, ing 6fiins THE AFERTILIZER) COMPANY: scenery; The health-seeker ;OB? 1.wtthr
** !
| i
route can. find some spot ;;
K W. Railway.J> or 'allointsoti Lake JACKSONVILLE : wafiU On the hardclay readS
i J i; yMC Jira i -/ A- FL .RIDA:. Florid'the. horseman',will j-tde wHk)speed
, 'Worth. : -- ***, Office 60. ,WhrStreetiWarebou: ee ani Wharves the terminal of the F.O. , ." -- ::} ) .j tt \St.Johns River, East Jacksonville.tp and Peninsular:la thq: '," I \se
For schedules/ call on \ .Sportsman's:: ;JRputeV :
: Manufactu erg Commercial Fertilizersi. NOTE.-l-auengen- Northern: connecttlons z.a

;t local merits, or ilt General Wholesale f dealer< :Arid lll1pottera of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals. having ticket overitM i Ftortda Caatgq ,
and PenhwilarOo I points\.in.&Nth FlmAU
Ji' J ;
ft ; Bend us your name and 1i t;lll mall you from time.to time mnch general information have the privilege afbeln> ,
Ii Ps aiwfSApS> regarding snccessfol prange and;veto\able' I cal ure Jin Florida.. sonvllle over,the 001l1pan1sl1ne Itaken.lntoJaekr and.aJlowet:.

RBi,CABIZ, .J" 'Y!__ CRA. WPO1 _::. ticket gvet. Itb.1ntti ;.lQlng.ltmJu-otUIIt
al3tser. *Maaager, .... Supt Bast. ...._Coast'.. I4nc8rr ,. .t 'YfiSB FRUIT TREES ? VINES 'iregoi with-;.retnrnt extra: o"harg their A....aBeodJbr jrouteor'dettlaA', AlA. : s*
t v- : ;"- --" L:: : .Florida;mailed C.T:
, 1..: &i.Wr:8ytem: : < 5Q 4 ,e.1..cf. I ; free
-.t:.4 ..1AV I S"P.AY1 .. & ao'p SIOR' I O.JuaDQWELt. ; a..
tIG.ID., :ACXE1lLY;:; ::&:St': a BocPbma ctdbEXCE OTTTriTV "
... ,
f.. / ., 1 :"!t. I'i i.a=tr'JOrftf: f IJaeksonvlle PJ6Ns -
= "" f f7 .lw..C1
.1 ... lIp .. ""
:JOt .A insects to FroiU ma fle Ii, Jaeluonville'PIa. a&Bottom Price .A.ddniiI: WM.STAJJ.L, Q 1ney,m.; MAXWELL.asn-?>1 lMaaagei|

/ rr'

:, -. ,," S'S ',:--.. ';-f' ..r
I, .

I" .. ....
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4 .

",..... .ifi.1ft:

M .d.Y ,=,). ql! Tf 1 E.,jfk9.1YP I IS LPATC!f:1 ,Ill'A ND SUl T.. ( oWE .1' [.Js ; \ ,

.., ..
-- -- ., -'. --- -. ,- --- . -- --
4 ) '.Established : 2oo-Acres in Fruit Nursery; .
clehl.N80.h.AR'KJS'ON -
I ?
"","Cj \.,; J : PER' GLASS. -

BEOGEBI AID ij. .COIIIHM3BOr o.J: { $ S.EiR: IF '.S). .

l..:DEaiSR! >mi-i-O ) ; L; jj V |

>l tC&lj&J() ''' Grain,;, : intsaLiquoraOigars; r Tobacco : -.0

i ? s" ...';.;: 4 ,, ;: H _.. .- .., "TA' I"ITTDn.4..nv.J.; .., FIA5i ... ., ..1: -, : Peaches stock of lately Fruit, orlfln&ted-ln-JPlerma.and OrnamentaYtraM; : ,
J. __. '
: plantletc. .uiaffnaiaft_ *'
:: ; ::01 .;.; : : PHICE'LIST'OFWHISKEY.j s&K years.pa......._ t.&Catalo ea tree.
.parker .......;.;... ... J. :1i.. r ttar.Are:.__ -
.lof.___,_;_Z__ Virjptala Glades) ..._.. -JII--
TtpringValey,.... : ........1.751t fS&Glf Bourbon_.___ BBRGKM NS, h'
North Cam faa Corm.::..., Kentucky Sour tttush ; : .
Clifton Club......., ... '*,gtroitf:.. 'Old Kakcr. .__._ Atltriigtn, fl, "'<'
Velvet......_.__..._$6.00... .: t,, : :
-J.. ST l gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c.3 gallon 75 >% Write to
is h iey order check) or registered letter", We/cannotflnip C. O. D. to I Catalogue-free.

I A complete price list of(Groceries. )) snd'Wlne- list, sent free oi*.'-:r- I TiST fAiTOSNiiSS C CGLL 6L,

w., 1 .3; j\V V.John, QlarkkSSon: : LOUISVILLE; ; KY.


< As Florida 9ranges' are now a staple fruit, in the English-V_ markets-C-to obtain .profitable l prices, in.the.future,wiUoniyJbenecessary, ..to export" good uah .and :
tend oranges in good condition*mine foreign markets.- '

Mes i. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest, best and'most reliabJe"frul firms injElo land,.saSo: ( the Liverpool market, that the demand is now so large-that ,000boxeeekiyE
could be handled up to January 1st, with\ atisfacto"iult, LOlieJfruli t sbundZn ariit al. t !S '
__ __ of tfee largest exporters of.apples in New York and as"a large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge of the carrying ability o&>steamers-enables-

me>W .Iec|the; thtobesShti.fip by. ...hJ! .
""" tin rIDS iij'Liverpool' and .r.1'"'}lasgow, and having mjrawn-Kbuse'iiTLondpn.jfire also furtherreasons why shlppefs should send.lhrou ."

__;Qrd ,.t 6 export oranges,ehlp'pers,chi; cdnsigli.therr fruit-to me to 'Nev _Yo.! J If onexahination| it isMncondUtion tQ!orwarg/i: will have the'same'p ce 'on the
best and'.li test steamer, and send-srBillof'Ladmg evidence OffehipmenFto shipper. "If not sound enough to export; will either turn the lot over to any'New York

... firm the owner may designate, or sell it myself at auction. .
! ? The best steamers land their.cargoes! inLiverpool? so.that a.cable report ot sales' is received.in New York in twelve days after.sailing. ,A'checlr covering about.th'e-
amount/- of the"proceeds is'then'senton account to the shipper, by me. 'twenty'days ,from date of shipment, from Florida it is thus possible to,.have the proceeds in

the, )hands of the shippers. ... :* '
;?*, Pleasenotethelolldv; ; 'Y-ingMacts,: .: ';\ ._ .. .- .. ? -i-rl
.1 i tLarge.; 6t oranges,"I 12's-12t sbring; as",!much:as 150's and 17 :Boo.N;:. 0:matter if: oranges are shipped; green;and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay.Dead .
'Green'Spanish Oranges always bring'the highest'prices, being the only kmjdin tHe.market ;Oranges,must not. >tbe shipped from New :York later than December
1st. There is no demand after the holidays until March 1st. "** *
Adtancels/jtf) 75c,'M jboxojf.yourlmit'wuTB; J ma"de.toTsucK.siipP.as] } need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached.Further .+*. '.

.particulars.. andIsieiicils, wiUTje.fiirnisheo. _! by. .'
-- n" .
-- -
-: E. X. GOODSELE, Xo. 103 Park Tlace,

: n4E !YO
A R a ?
; Xo. 15 Philpot Lane, Lo. ? a-. -

.. ..... ', lr-" i....... .. I'I.. I.r ... # _
.. ,
B18M0! O gId mH.m.fB:6WjlI: : i E WJ 10p H@S.P'HA."T"I Iit ECO. "_,:;:\'' c.: ;. ., .IU-___ J!:.' .

cNAQID'PHOSPI11T; : s ei. FffiRfrn ID:hizi.: ,

/f ]'t 3..8"" .I: "'.A GWSA: Td G.l': :rttli! IIU hh lH I nUll.

To! ,&
(- ) -lhfBelleil\v i IPhoph$ ateis'thelc!' i p st fer ilJze :everjffered; because I T is.the'Bef.: It"contain tQeast th"ree4ime'rtnor8' "avail Ie! jlanir.fcKb) !. than can.be '
5"S" "" .? T T"1"r
found incOm1nbtcial' dulated fertilizer; and is sold for one-fourth th'e'nce. ." ..
; -ri-- ----- -- '--------7---: :
We have the most complete plant uvthe Stotefor, calcining and pulverizing the phosphate. ;-._ :__"'-"-- _: -._ _.:... I'ilA-.. "_
1 .,. It is the best because-while its'benefitS l1'r shown at once, it will outlast alt\ herr: { 1 :tMrtfi niitispf osslble ils :i wIt:being a great absorbent of .

.lure, great.ralueas.amulchant.: : It is 3vorthiouble'the.price! 'it is sold at J or.this: purpose alone.: Hund"redsiave. .iJ7; nd they aU- ive_. glowingitesti-
.-, onkl3 ofJt.i.yalue. Chemists j 5andSC entIs !testif j-that it is the:nchest and safest fertIlizer known., "'= :: : .1 ,-::- 7-- :: ,' ;... : : -: ':. : ..,.; ,
; We want every orange grower ahdfarmerrto.try:: : ,it,, and for the.next few weeks offer: it at the following! extre lyrtffvVrprlggs: 3ethe mines:. 7:' "<" .:. :: '
'Per ton, undried.in ,$ ;i per.tondriedand"unground: $6.50; perton dried.and pulcenzed'bulk! ,:$7.5Q.. tfS izl pn.!( s in oundIotsFifty KH .
pounds for a full 1 boaringtreats; asuflScient quantity to use, and less amounts aox>fding-to ails 6rtr&: _, ,, ; .. "* .% ,
4T2 e
' 4t: It cottb'nT If alli Wndl fef grain. It is good for all grasses. c *- goon jP Ti 3" of:fruit trees. U good lq i trn..w"berTtEii-a iaii iP kinds
'"af &;,)'1 ,C1t"i,,. !\\n'{ f (;i'lo.iii": \ C Qa: I ry
vain r ;}rlyl tr3 OlI F ,o'i ., ,
y ,. enfall. orders: .,, and- apply. any.: 'further information- _as- to freights. ,, etc., to '. _. -- -- T. D. GIBBENS, --
; '.i k-' :r--- J' u : : ,
< C ,1A q Sccretanrynd'TYetisrurer. a.
; i 'i:
'f'i_ ; 't Bo 51flT.TACgso; r Ilf F A

'J The analysis this. phosphate: 1 as: given t Serge Malyvan;' >f Ocala.is as follows. : ...... ". ......... ,.. ..... .
.. ,
.....: '-ft \ ." __ .Insol_ ble.itlcac.and..SandA.'u.tuuu.! !.....f\. :..,'';.:.x.:..... ....*...;.,;.,...e....w..;...;.r..--1.;....!..:I8.76' ,3 ,... HMV""\ -, 'A :.I>.r: V1i -J'OOIt w
Carbonate or Lime......*....._............_....;- .. :";.:'...J.f..; .:.. z.:;J:1...;... '? '<1-.56"" Ji
'. Phosphoric Add....._......... ........._.....:............... ... ........((27.63)) .f:'*iv ..:, 'OJ' :. .. .J .r.... ,\ ', { ,
ua JJA or- E.g niv alenttoBone,1'hosphateoflIme.... .................._............ ........._....60.73 :>:... ," j' ... ,- ', . .. ( ..... I-'' ; .
/" VCT ofIton.........,...,.:.2.; ........:.._.....a.T..i.qc.: . ;.75.if-4..'..vi" s7r/3 1'.1. ... ,:,::. .#. r...
: .
g;. ... 0.;;.;:or"".'minum.......:.::.........................::.-:..:::.J..:..:)..-v...-....:.:...-..-.... 2.OJ rJ", ,. "< ..1..,' ... ..; -.. fJ,". .1 .
,. ,.,..,,..-'e tc'..-.:.'..''-"L.' ''...,.h..... ........ .......-..-...'-.Q.--......1.r.j\..-..:."....;;".""V'v7' -., .L ....., *- ....--'.a !0.-" .f ," '.JIf.-...-"" .Ao....
1Tq i -rieisture.. ..:i.:1.d-' ... .",s:.. ...... ........i....:..':.:. :. :.:: .i..:.: :...:.'6.Z3 4 .po ad :'l' '. ; '
; r',1 a saJ iJ Yonr P': phosphate: (rWeniB Jgthe 3e'4leview i Phosphate))will soluble; gradual; ;; steep under.the influence-rain::water, provided! ;perfectly

burnt and pulverized in ."d&*.$ j&f '-"' ,*:' *'- < > ; "
*'>*!Pfei sasfiO lldit vea'a=further ana j isof:' : the solubliityaof! this phosphate in Citrate of Ammonia, which is bQurf gains 8 L re_ J&1h.a1.J h'i\ -, ,
.. .
,M follows ':' ; -- ..
l' ;: -
.Ii. .: !"Two Analysis-one) giving 4$:per cent spliibie) in Citrate of .Ammonia,'the other: givingS1.40': per cenfc-spluble! in Citrate'of;Ammpnia, an yavlrige.2.t! t.16ie-r :
t+ 4i. catBoaoPhosphate.of LimetHeequivaleritot266! ; per cent of Ph pJ o1"c''Acid 801 b.le m Cite! of o vs.1. ''Jt-* c L;l t.. lWi M

;i "'"*.The_greatest: amount of,available Phosphoric Acidin any of, the. high! .grade conimerckifertilizeis: .i is ))5 to 9:perjcent.. $ r' ? .L '" 1JACZSOYILLEi'i.A. 'ti sil OIMf_
?.",.? .,june 2510,1091.BELI.KVIEW ..--- -., r: JACYSOirvJJLs. ,'Jnnes".I89t.Mx.'r. .. .1
PHOSPHATE'COMPANY,:JACKSONVILLE,FLA. : Gentlemen-I wish to state for your D. GIBBENS, ,SECUETAXT BE .EVIP'PHOSPHATB; Co., jAcx Oimujt-iF .A.-f Dear
benefit and for Orange Farmers in Flonda.'that1 the car .year Company in April is entirely:satisfactory o **" Sir-Enclosed please find my order for two more arot | 1 ;have*
I placed the same on One hundred trees in my grove at'-Lake Como It has given,my trees a seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have ;;noted"wiilt"much? interest: ; ila! effect on icyOrange
' most wonderful' growth,given the foliage a rich, dark green color'and for,pine! tend groves at least Tree the first' Mar load' I applied''to'something over, fire ,hn4r.ltrees! sad .
to just what required, at fmalTcost. I shall in future use' it if-youbaveitfor sale,'and shall dis.eo.Uue _
use of Commercial Fertilizers adding to it.small amounts of. Sulphate to tuh.. I can mostcbeerfully the results have been simply marvelous. The adjoining'five,hundred trees received oqJ Ttfikijig 1
recommend J it to Orange! Growers,\.'yruly yodfftT-x .. 'C...B* SMITH. .and the difference between.the two fielcL|is something wonderful. On one,tide every tree bas tirt- ','
'.- BELLEVIEW,MARION Co.,FLA., 8.1891. ed with a vigorous growth. The finest foliage.that I have ever seen In a groveThe tree whkh"re- ,,
-T.rD. GisSecretary, -Bellevtew1''Phosphate Company.Jacksonville Fla.t mae:Sh-In answer ceived no application have just commenced to start np._Mr McMater,of.the firm of lei; ,(& ::
to your inquiry.What have been'the I'esuttsofyourcxpenmentawith the DeKi<.w Phosphate Miller of San Mateo visited my grove a few days since and expressed himself urbemg: very-m ch I
Company's SOFT PHOSPHATE! I to say that the results have b |Tnr gratifying in astonished at the growth of the trees where the Soft Phosphate had beeirappMed. vlf: yovreraea4er! : : I
deed. I have only tried it in its RAW STATIC as it comes from the Mines MMgprfing or.being the first shipment of Phosphate was made less than;sixty days since,and,untfl! (btf last few days,.; re ,::1 I
wAvrittit oo Roses last&11 and this spring on''Keiy,-Pl-ams, -I Caate-FMVlWea and OrangeTree. have had very little rain. ii ". -- A!
s, ciallyih wareefly Htere-rt very little difference in the growth and'tega of tfc 1 JSjnlg>Bt the..difference i in food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever been brought into'the. 'titstt' ;-and I would. .
ifec price i,..so great that I rhall use the Soft Phosphate in..the",'ire ., < its use to the Orange. Growers of the State.'_ 1H \ : 'Wa11ldyromsneud
Tours truly, _' :: Pr H. WALTERS. I ". : '. ..' .' -. Yours truly : ; J btiU J iiMMttgaaaBgBg&a l ;

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: L. Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak
?, JorrCR 0 _
'' Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands
lJOl1dellce -C' 7. Mahogany, Cherry ,

; Boll citod. \.J 8 Bed Lounges, Willow} Reed and Rattan,
..,,$ Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
4 '
WE SELL >, O'AND/ "" in Styles.

42. 'w




Carpets' Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging'Lamps' China and '.

Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.

.." .. Hotels,. Boardinor'Houses, Shins, Steamers,,Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom. '
p When writing,please mention this paper. _


: ># <' -. PURE LEACHED '

44 -- .


-' .

rIA DIAMOND "D" HARDWOOD ASHES in themselves are one of the most valuable] their continued. use a strong productive soil is being made, which will require yean
., ; and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric to exhaust. .
.t. acid is required, no,agent is so valuable_for the decomposition of Bone, or Florida This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood Ashta i
M ; Phosphates, as these ashes. to be the best in the Florida market. They are now better than ever, and, without .
The combination produces a fertilizer rich in all the elements required by lightsoil doubt, are the cheapest fertilizer Florida growers can use. For other particulars

l and in a condition that prevents,leaching by rains, the result being that in I'
",;,, n-S-3m E. DelPUTT Stockbridge Mich.
: ,
... w1.ei'6" .....

Q !
Oar sad
Kest Latest l.pn.d CheapMt PcrfeeUoa''
E.pire P. the liaiiid u>m.tie will spray 10O Tree Per lt.ar.j I .
r ...:. mako the Little Qea aD4 Oarfleld K..p .... iniekl notsl la th.world.AUo HOFM Fewer Spnyor M low rico. '
-!t 7 Boult mon eooo spray
",, : 2 V GreeD and Ixindom p." ..wholculo rice.. C.t loro o frM. rltt 'Orange Growers and Vegetable Growers
.. address plstnlygrtnteenatySIELD- FO&Cfi. ) PUMP- CO.l."BrbUl AT .LOCKPOHTN.Y., I

"" I II I Who wish to obtain the highest market prices on their Oranges and'Vegetables to

I use the fertilizers manufactured by the .' < .
flew Planet Jr Tools

Among other things TWO, NEW GARDEN DRILLS. One sows either THE L. DARLING FERTILIZER.
-1'- .
of Pawtucket B. I.
Great Improvements too In .
WMJSEL HOB, In the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL HOES and marked Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizersare

changes in BO& E HOES AND CULTIVATORS.The so made that they keep up a Vigorous, Healthy Growth, and remain in the:
soil until the,Tree, Plant take it
attractive for 1892. or can up.
fine NEW TOOLS offered In 1891 are made still more
Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville Florida.
.SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE and full description of all the .
goods as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. O. B., WEEKS, State Agent, '

- ; '8. L. ALLEN & CO., HOT Market St., Philadelphia, Pa IV o. 8 Bostwick Block;- j ff

Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free
DEAFNESS PLANT BED CLOTH. upon application.Our .
fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever they have beer

Cheap? substitute for glass on hot beds, cold used. 029.8mV
frames etc. Three grades Light Medium and
Setoatlfie&lly treated by an aurlst of worldwide Heavy.
reputation Deafness eradicated and lam. -TO ALL BUYERS
entirely cured,of from 20 to 80 years'standing, FOR FLORISTS GARDENERS, ... ;
after all other treatments have failed. How OF
the difficulty Is reached and the cause removed TOBACCO GROWERS ETC.
,fully explained in circulars,with affidavits FANCY POULTRY.ATTENTIOYt :
and testimonials cures from prominent ,
people,mailed free Protects from frost, promotes hardy vigorous
c Dr.A.FONTAINE" East 14th St.,N.Y. growth. Will not shrink mildew.. //1w ,

'\ ,
J "
;/ TTEREAFTER all fowl T Met .
,' n from my yards. by Uj HM.
A MAN pbr, ;e S45O 7.. will go at one-half the former:
.,?.- r: rates-a great saving to laycustomers. -
HIS NEIGHBOR This is by special arrangement
and .is confined to
paid onlyS375.+ fowls from mypards. ,
[LTMJ] For sale by leading dry goods houses seeds I We are the largest breeders ol
S ., men,florists,eta -- '-. '' thdroughbred poultry In Florida.
Come and see our stock send
For the very lamrPiano. .JI
; NATIONAL WATERPROOF FIBRE CO ,. for our Illustrated catalogue and
Neither one wee worth 27 South St.,New York,N.,\, 1 E'y 'price list of 14 varieties.
. r _e ..J.Poultry supplies of all kind
Q4. Also waterproof: overs from a#cents per square j w? Incubators and Brooders Shell
foot. "" and Bone Mills Clover Cutters
afttast blast ntrt( 7tn by bdirect. tW-* For prices,circulars and samples apply. to L;J. : w l r Wire Netting Desiccated Fish anaBoiled
.from L Blood and Boneo make
DOLLINS,Orlando,Fla. % '
:t hens
LU_ &,BATES,Savaooa,Ga. A wanted. U-S-21t1 : lay.

WM Ita" .'PKcandthM the brad kaera.Yon' EGGS TO HATCH.
erurtptl' ten man than Instruments A
err.....,worth. They are not bum that way.Write you need stationery of any kind-paPer _.: E. W. AMSDEN,
,e, far latest SPECIAL OFFERS.. DO and ink? If so,send to DaCosta Prlat- "'" ';; wG Ormond, Fla.
ing and Publishing House,Jacksonville,Fla. "f'..
'. :
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.4:The Clyde Steamship Co. SAVANNAH LINE. r. .

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah New York and Philadelphia ..

and between Boston and Savannah'65 to 70 hours.

New York Charleston and Florida Lines

D : Ocean Steamship Company.

'The magnificent.,Steamships of this Line are ap \.

pointed to sail, as follows calling at Charleston S. (Central or 90 Meridian Time) .
Rates j :
Passage : _'; #- "
C., ,both ways : Between Jacksonville and New York: let class,125.60;Intermediate,119.00;Bxcur4lon,I4&50'. ,:.'.> '"
(STANDARD TIXE ) Steerage,Il2.5O.
i From New York From Jacksonville,
(Pier 39, ):. R.) STEAMER. Florida. Jacksonville and Boston:Cabin$27.00: Intermediate,121.00; Excurslon.fJ7.30;8teera.reU.2& '
.. 1st at 4OOA. THB Mac in<*ni ttaxnshli o*tola Company are appointed to Mil M follows
Dec. x.
Wednesday, Nov. a&tb, at3 p.x. IROQUOIS" .Tuesday ,
N Friday, Nov. 2f7th, atSP.x..ALGONQUIN"Thursday, Dec. 3d, at 5:30'A.1I. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. ,
e Monday Nov. 80th, at 8 p.M. ..''CHEROKEE.Sunday, Dec. 6th, at 7:80 A. JI.WedBelSday Central 900 Meridian Time.] .
( or
: 8th, at 10:00 A.x. ,. .
Dec 2d, at S P.8EMINOLB".Tuesday *c
Friday, Dec. 4iu, atSp.x..YEMA88Eg".rbursday. Dec.Dec.. 10th at 11OUA( x. NACOOCUEE ..._.................___._...........................Monday, Nov. 2-- SJOpxa8.99pm -
Monday Dec. 7th, at 3 f. M.,."IBOQUOI8" .Sunday 13th at 1:30 P.x. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM........... ............. .............Wedne day, 4- .
Wednesday, Dec. 8.h.at3 P. x.-.."ALGONQUIN"Tuesday, Dec. 15th at 4:00A.M. CITY OF AUGUSTA ...... .............................. ...... .... Friday &- &OOaa
Friday Dec. llth, at i P. X..."CHEROKEE"..Thu sday, Dec. 17th at 6:01" x. TALLAHASSEE ..........................;._........-........Saturday 79.00 a m
Monday Dec 14th, at3 P. x."SEMINOLE".Sunday, Dec. 2Jth at 8ooA.K. KANSAS CITY.... ............... ...:....... ....:............, Monday, 9-1LOIam
Wed&esdar, Dec. l&th, at 8 p. H. ."YE MASS RE" Tuesday. Deo. 2M. at 10:00A.Jr. CHATTAHOOCHEE.................;....., ........._......Wednesday, 11- 1.30p st
Friday De .- 18th;-at 3 p. -IROQUOI8".Thursday, Dec. 24th at 11:00 A. x.27th NACOOCHEE............... ,.. .._._........ .-....-..- .Friday, ** 13- 30pu.
4 Monday Dec., 21st, at 8 P. x. .,"ALOO. Q UIN" Nunday' Dec. at 1:00 P. x. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM..................:. ...............-...,.Saturday, 14- IWpm8.08pm
Wednesday, Dec. 38d, at8 P. x. ....CHEROKEE".Tue day. Dec. 29th at 1:30 P. K. CITY OF AUGUSTA.............. ................................Monday, 16-
Friday, Dec. at3p.x.-SEMINOLE".Tnursday Dec. Slut, at 4OOA.x. TALLAHASSEE................................................Wednesday, 18- 7.00pm
Monday, Dec. 28tb, at3p.x."YEMA8SEE".8unda/. 3d, at 6:30A..K. KANSAS CITY.................................................-......Friday 20- 130am S
Wednesday,Dec. 36th, atS P.M.....IROQUOIS".Tuesday J"n. 5th, at. 8:00A. x. CHATTAHOOCHEE ...................................:...........Saturday, II 21- 9.30am
NACOOCHEE........:.................................:............Monday, I. 2J-- 11.30 a.m
w CITY OF BIRMINGHAM................_.............. .. Wednesday, II 2V1.00pm
: CITY AUGUSTA................................. ................Friday II ': 3.30pm .
St. JohnS. River Line TALLAHASSEE KANSAS CITY................. ._.. -....-. ...,..._.... Saturday Monday,, "" 2630-- SJOpm 430pm


_JP'.. Enterprise Intermediate Points on the 'St GATE CITY.............................:...Tuesday,Nov. 3.- &00 pm .. .
,CITY O* MACON..........___.. Friday, 6- &00 p m
Johns :River. 'CITY OF SAVANNAH.................................Wednesday .. 11- 1.00pm
GATE CITY_ ...--.S.,.....Sunday, 15- 6.00am .
CITY OF MACON..:............................................Wednesday, 18- 7.tJOp'm
The elegant Iron SIde.Wheel Steamers CITY OF SAVANNAH. aa-lLOOam '"
:: :,: GATE CITY ... 27- 2.90pm
"CITY:. OF 'J-A-CKSONVIiLILE. CITY OF ACON.-. .........n..._. Monday, 30- 4.3Op m ...

f:. Capt. W.., A. SHAW. FOR yHTT.ATlTCrjpTTTA: .,..fJ,. ..
(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) it. ,

FEED'K DEBARY, DE8SOUG.?-......,-....... Friday, Nov. 6- 8.00 am.." t
DESSOUG ... -._._,Monday. 16- 6.30pm"" .
Capt. T. W. LUND Jr., DESSOUG.___ ...._....Thursday, 26- LSOpm

Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, dally except Saturday at 8.80 p,.m.,and from Sanford THESE PALACE STEAMERS:;,
,dally Sunday, at 9 a.m.
., Uonnectlng with the Savannah Florida and Western Ralhr&yWa1'oroSl8hort( Line) offer .
: SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE. NORTHBOUND.Read to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. "
Down. Read Up. Tickets and Bills of Lading: Issued to principal points North East aud North wart
Leave 330 P.x.....,............ .. .... .Jacksonville? ....... e..:............Arrive 11.45 p.)(. Through via Savannah. For Information and to
8.OJ P.x.. .. ....Palatka. .... ..... ...............Leave ,700 P.X. J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN,Soliciting Agent ,
I'1.3 0&M. ...,......Astor .................. ...... .. 2.00P.lI. 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.- 71 West Bay Street.Jacksonville.;
.' 2.45A.M.... Francia.... ..... ....:.....o.... 12.4\P.M. R. L.WALKER,Agent C. G. ANDERSON Agent,
6WA.x.t ..........-..,,... Hereford....... ........... ". :: 1145 A.)(. New Pier No.85. North River, New York. City Exchange Building Savannah Ga.
_41 6.00 A.x.. / ....... .....Blue Sprngs' ... ..... ':.''':";... ..:'. 11.00A.JI. RICHARDSON A BARNARD. Agents Lewis' Wharf Boston.
A.rrive800A.M ..... ..,... ......... ......ranford.r....;.... II 9.00A.M.9.30A.M.. W. L. JAMES Agent 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
....; 8.15A.Enterprise. ......................... D..HASUAGEI1, Eastern Agent, Say. Fla.& Western Ry.Co.,261 Broadway N. 7 ,,...-5 '
G. M. SORREL,Gen.Manager. W.E.1RNOLD,Gen.Trav.Agt.,Jacksonville Fla.' ",'
.. General Passenger and Ticket Office,,88 West Bay Street. For Tickets apply to 8., F.& W. Railway office. -

}e.. 01. IRONMONUER, Jr.,Fla.Pass.Agent 88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville' Fla., ESTABLISHED 1575. '.
r',;. W. F. OCDEH FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent,5 Bowling GreeD,N. Y: -
; S .. J. O. PELOT, Frt. Agt., on wharf, foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville Fla. .

',' 1t1t.3tH. f L. HOWARD, Fla. Frt. Agent, foot Laura 8U,Jacksonville,Fla. :, vv =LL.La.M: : .A... ::B icxUF: .,.
11Ir. J. A. LESLIE. Supt., foot Laura St.,JacksonvlUe,Fh ..
MARSHALL H. CLYDE, Asst.Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. WHOLESALE

.;.. THE8. G.,EOEK,Traffic Manager,5 Bowling.Green,N.,Y. \ .

,.: WM.' P. CLYDE & CO.,' 'Gen'l Agents, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

d ...th 'WMsurr, llmdelpbla. 5 BowllHg Green .. T.;


: : ',,. ,Williams & Clark Fertilizer Co.:


NEW YORK. Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, BranWheat, Grits, Meal, .;

Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds St.," Augusta, Ga COTTON SEED MEAL, Bath Bright and Dark. :

k C. D. DUNCAN, Florida Salesman." r
'*. _______ ,
J. E. Tygert & Co.'s NITRATE oI'.
F Americus Orange Tree Fertilizer, SODA,

r. 10 Americus Orange Tree, No. 2:;z Star Brand Fertilizers.i11A8AtQTaBD _orrrnU u TE OF 'POT UH.r, I

't 477c: Americus Ammoniated Bone SuperDhosphate;; ( Comprising A2fAL78ffi. .. -

: : Americus ,Pure Bone Meal. Americus bone and Potash SULPHATE POTASH,
, t Orange Tree and V tablaF1RTILIZER.
:: F. Americus' Strawberry Fertilizer KAINIT, Era.

''ti. S .. :'- .:'s Americus Su'Dhate' -of Potash, ? These.Fertlllzen_ have no superior In the market andfa trial will convince. ;III i

;: Florida Vegetable Fertilizer.


I1//' RXI'ERJlNCU: : C. F. Winton, Mandarin, Fla.: Dr. H.'Knight, Belleview, Fla.; M. E, -When Issycoro'1 do not aeaa manly tostopthea
WH on.Cleraaont. Fla.; M. P.Godfrey Minneola, Fla.Addrew : for a Um and then bare them return agaJn., I meaD a
all correspondence\ViLLIAM8 dc CLARK FERTILIZER CO., radical cure. haft nude the dieeese of FITS. EPILEPSY LOOKING CHILDRII QI
(t Augaata Osu -
s7 or FALLING SICKNESS a Ufe4oo atu 1.-1'
Warrant Cry remedy' to care the,worst CMM. Because nbeet to SPASMS ue mod likely troubled with
otbanbaVcfkilodis for not now rece1riDa a rat l'
no reason
Ss. .. FAVORITE SINGER.. cure. Send U once for a trMti s and a Free Bottle of | IS.B.A.FAHNESfoCK'8VEftMl [.
NEW HIGH ,ARM.Style .' Been 60 In aM and fA II .Obeer'enartteer
Give ExpreM and Port Offloe.H. yean *
taj infallible remedy. Mint -...t1al...never tba.a yoldt",hkat1 '
Lull !
as shown in cnt'withfnfleetattachmentaaelf SCHOOL I
A .G. ROOT. M. C., 183 Pearl 8u. N. y.F1aR.RSSa..aaUiJrldJlUL..JLl
rt. -aesUng n..
:. die threading shuttle." ASTHMALC"AErrs.Mftt ASTHXA
! "
. ToaoangretKxwmacblneionTof manufacturers. Bare CaaUtel. ? 'Fitting young men'rorth 'active duties of life. ; ,. 'OliN.<1 ..TAlTIltS.II.C.o..tKHSUI..FR iOld'ad
.;. sail'CommIHIoH of" .Iea&NI Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia;and ro-2-6nr
Wamatod a yenta.aI endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce,Council, A
I: prominent dticess the city where located. of every description neatly and durably YOU NEED PRINTING OP ANY KINT?.
.._ ....w. DO
For ecircelarsandtestimonialsaddressIbGD i at DaCosta Printing and Publishing Send to DaCosta Printing and Pnb&bktt '
w TP8KrreIk :r..tIT.J1 ... MOIC$.Presideat,Staunton.Va. House,Jacksonville Fla. House Jacksonville Fla.iJI" ,
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: .Bicod..and. ) Bone, ,;' :"". f .Chicago Bone Meal! j

Pure Fine, Ground Bone ,' ., Dark, ,and*'Bright Cotton,,Seed'Meal -;
.. '
: .
**': '
: ,Animal 'Bone and..Jotash, Tobacco Stems, "

.:: Blood; Bone and Potash, Canada HardwoodA.sh.es, ,.
Pulverized Animal Bone .Sutpliate of Potash, &c.
,' ; .
; ... ....
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,;.. J..i' T Pra.It: .an.d "Vine.: :aea :l.n.gJIIrees.: : : -s'a. !

I orange Tree Pood,. "Yo "g Trees. $

c . Vege"tab1e san d 'Potato G : ..

:. ,*r GEO... E.. WTLSOIST. 50 West Bay Street' Jacksonville. Fla.J*
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f :' ',: DEATH TO FOOT-ROT. ': .
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: 1. ',?! the various articles offered to theorange: grower' for checking. the Foot-Rot in their groves, this

T .combination has given results 'surpassing anything 'heretofore tried. Except in cases where thedisease

fs very' far 'advanced.'upoii i, the foots of the. 'tree and, beyond the. reach. 1of human aid, it can be ,depended t
? ..upon to remove the disease. heal the scars, force new I growth, and upon bearing'trees cause full development -
F ti-.0 .: of the'fruit. "I "I r '.- .1.i : r .r" : ; r :;: : ,
'' '
: -" ': t't'4 For' further information. testimonials and prices, apply to. ., .. .

i .HI *.4 w c ....,**....,, *- a. t"-: .,.,1 .,.c. L. MONTAGUE.& CO., Savannah, Ga., General Agents, or to X
.' P. B. :WEVER, Leesburg, Fla.f Agent;'for," South :and: East Florida. !

_.... ..... *"*t .tor ... 1+ .... .- ,
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rat Ktr 5 we. ..MFiwa -.... ..... ..... ...... -.-..- .. .1 .. ...- .... "
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Rowkefs; \ .. ,

f7e geto/ : rqr;

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: "Uniform good results In every respect '
the very best hid1- ade Fertilizer I ever
(11 used.", J. B. Wyatt Supt. Fair Oaks -, '
Groves, Manatee, Fla. *-.

VEGETABLES GROW in .60 to 90 days, r

do best on a manbre that
is available and about ready to nourish.

Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer, .

.; EERTIHZERSARE made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth( and

is composed of chemicals} especially adapted to
They produce a strong growth, of wood and a large yield of the best quality fruit Mr.F.C.Buffum, vegetables, which feed this class of crops in a !
d'Stanton, Fla.,says: "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange and lemon trees and a nursery, 4.
the largest in the State,and I have experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers manner to produce a healthy growth which withstands
offered for sale in the State,and I find yours more satisfactory than any others I have used." Send ,
for beautifully illustrated pamphlet. p disease and. matures early. For ,sound,

:i BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO, 27 Kilby St., Boston, j MTA.: : : the delicious BOWKER vegetables Fertilizers.of good shipping. quality, use

1r 1

-Hatch Chickens by steam'sIMPROVED Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Frey \.

I tf:IMoD.Lto tfc.Ttawds fa.iiaeoeBrful.opcr. PnWtfCQ FERTILIZER ) A. M. BOND( CENt AGENT
J9tPeJeda dset/,1 } r
Guaranteed to batch a Ja
s t t!! Pa&IMlcon = ..
r8s@d6o.S 1 .Vats 'uo.lL.Uw., ,1u.
: UNEQUALLED .i IN hip snlr.e,,watu,sad,o
4 Tee Touch g Durability .'mi LLSUPPLIES I I Iiff MI"btg,Melt.; h",,,.. .
Workmanship ----'--'
'l'> :"',.E5C Obpedfasr. -.., "
._. -..Baltimore,22 and:24 East Baltimore Street., !?F ." Works,AuroraIILXII3S.CAKAIST.CHICAGO.1LL.I THOMAS K 8IHPSOX,Washington your old family Bibles; make them'aas'f
,,j New' York 148 Fifth Ave < .ELM l Brrvt./t_H,...a PATENTS D.C. Ko attj's ft e until Patent ob (REPAIR as new. DaCosta Printing and-Pnblishfag ;
; S:su 1D&on 817 Market Space... ...\..: \ ; DALLAS TEXAS.f er.i' tamed: Write for Inrcntor'a Guide I House,Jacksonville;FIa'r: -
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