Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
October 15, 1891
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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DACOSTA Proprietor A POWERS.*. ? Jbltctciilovllle, Fla, Thursday! : October 16, 1891. Whole No. 1185 0l I >Sisg.

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'' :r B'.tA, ;II 'E' &, 'RIPLEY, C"O'NTE'NTS.. B,'W.'STONE ft CO,,

0" AGENTS 'OEOVK AJCD OEcHjLRD-i-Marketljig: Orangei; ; .1%
.A Disease of Lime Trees! ; Cow Peas.Not Hurtful to Orange'Treea; Prolific Navel. :.Sheep in p Thomaavillet Ga. A new
F FLORIDA. FRUIT ,EXCHANGE, Orange Grores;,.. .... ,,. ..- .. ., ;t. ...* _' L'.f. 827 treatise on Pear trees just
i'AJLJD.oJ T t1CD&-Good-Roads-A Measure'of Civilization; Tobacco on a. Sand Ridge; Issued, Including the latest
Sulphur for Preserving Meat: :The Clorer,for Florida; Black-rooted Strawberry Plants;
57 .CHATHAM. ST., BOSTON.. Good Crops In Holmes County Formation of Nicotine In Tobacco; W8 and best information OB
sales I Tua Data In Arkansas .. 829 Pear Culture, together wigk
'Friee eataloguea of weekly' .furnished : palrjlD K ;, r f and Price List
4 F on, application. -. 'AJ'uay-.tJees ai Fertilizers: > ,, ;> >, ; .K* I k Descriptive Persimmon
fc. Js S '- :jtof >iuAi.+''Notes;"I as4rlafdo'Oonrentfon-ABad matake;The"XlJfOrtuUH of Florida: ""W of Pear, Plum
-8:-W.BARNEZT. 1.B.. A81I1nTt Pears for.Profit;Orange and Vegetable i Trade Renew;Questions and Replies; 2' .831 and other fruit trees.
t MeBSTAtu: D 18M. Oci\RYoIIia< Foiis-i-Paul Jbnea', lag;'H 1'.Pet1'Bear; Tte> "Oaken Bucket; A saYings Box for -
/ : GUll;A Word to Farmer Boys; '. o.' *. i .' .' 8 CBoiAi GRAZING
TiARNETT: BROS. ova OJffl-lrfo' : :.Wondbr BJs Wifb died Him;:Eat Before 81 Guava Some Appllcatfans of PATENT. .
f Hot Water; Onions-Some of Their Uses as a Remedial Agent; Jelly;Ouaya Sweet -
D AGENTS Pickles;Lime Juice; Baked Guavas, . ., ..-tt I' ,. 833 MUZZLE.
TIml"axns" .At.LI.U'cs-State Allllaoce Meeting Farm" 'statistics-No.2;The Origin of the .
FLORIDA ,FRUIT? EXCHANGED! '.. .People's Party; .; '. _; '8IM' I ,Our!new Spiral Spring.Muzzle allows stock tograze
National Banks; .' -.'888 and prevents.browsing. Price $1.25 each
,:! & n, ,,inlld;1d Y6gtti returns.rStenchs 8Tizs:'NBwi-Noles'JIr.Cooper's ButterThe; LignlaedEstract or Essence of Smoke; '838 MOR1 MEN:& CO.
frempt '151 SOuth on water kppHcattoa.'eet.Chicago.'; I .? To the Sea Island CottpurOrowlng Belt .', ._ i. .<:> N >. .1 ,', H I ., 9" All orders to be addressed to S..B..HUBBAWX A
s r'f Co.,who have taken charge of the business both
as to manufacture and sale +

:"S: ''C'ALMER" . .
lG' fNfONSEED. '

t{ Oranges,Lemons;Pineapples,'and all other ''BERMUDA SEED: -MANUTACTUBKBg' OF-
Fruits and early truck. also,I dried" frails Our'new' Crop of the Genuine ONiON : : ....

I ants All!,furs oonftlgnments,eta. promptly remitted'for&encbla now;ready. Bermuda White $3.per'pound; Bermuda.Pale'Red, =\AI

and market reports furnished free. fI) t2
.. $2.75 postpaid.
.. References: Bradstreets and established C.
& 4 merchants and banks- oft' -a South. p H, G.: HASTINGS, CO., Interlachen, Fla. (IJ p0 F '

BARGAIN.' our new 4o-page catalogue free on application.: ] k.CU .


A With WORTHINGTON Double-acting Pump, o e:
i ;j, t throwing six thousand gallons! per hour. All in HAS PROVED TO BE o t2

-.t. :_ good order. Satisfactory. reason for selling.C o QIQ
"" ,-. ', i THE.EARLIEST :. ,
; A. P. IvINDORME .' -, *,, tilly
.' ''. 8->-4t Halifax;1<"1a.'i Being fully two> weeks in advance of Niagara ,

!00 ACRES. 13 GREENHOUSES. State Agent for the Diamond White Grape Company. And Building Material.

'i, : TREES IMPLANTS 1, E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. CHARLESTON, S...O.

We'offer for the Fall trade a large and fine stock '
aLFE description of FUUIT and.Ornamental and all other leading and new varieties pf Grapevines,-native and foreign.
VRU1TS Hedge Plants Fruit Tree,Herd-
p&Ad Form*Tree Seedling Priced Cata ROYAL :PALM' NURSERIES
4; '4 x ,, ..fall of W81 mailed free. tMnbiiibtd 1863.PtlOENIX .
._ o NURSERY COMPANY SPECIAL OFFER'.:-We will send 'following plants, none alike, adapted to Florida, ,, free by J. OKONYJLLlJ, F.L..d.,.
MMWW*..81DKET TCTTLB A CO.,BLOOXUSTOV,ILL prices given. Sure to grow .
4 'I. Ten sorts tropical fruit plants rare $a. ,
.. fruit ,uovetttea, etc. $ -
II. Ten sorts hardy plants .1.50.
j ,III. Five valuable economic: plants, Ji. ,
IV. Five Bamboos and grasses, $u > IRRIGATING
; ,GRIND .V* Ten hardy Palms,for avenue or lawn, $a, ,. f, ., '-* -.- r-: ;f. ", ..
VL.Ten fine cactus,$1.50. :
:: YOUR OWNICANE VII. Ten rare and beautiful ferns,$I.SO. ,. 't' 4 ."f" .- "*..*." .,..:;,. -
t: '
'Vlllt Ten hardy and desirable shrubs JzIX. .
,t ; Write for Illustrated Cata- .,Five hardy shade.trees,good selectiont.. ( .
:$ 4 logne conrtcee Information; of and the \ For$12 the entire nine.coUections, 75 plants. '< MACHINERY

Yr- CJ4a a =o-ts-6m REASONER BROS., :Manatee, Fla.. .
Caw Mill.

Chattanooga Ten Acres devoted to testing rifew varieties. Thirty acres in Orchards One-

'/ Cyaptrator.Chattanooga. quarter of a million ((250,000)) Nursery trees of-the finest tested varieties.
Our new catalogue for 1891-92 is the'most comprehensive we have ever issuedand .

1 R ;.Flru ..', will be mailed free on application. Address, ,
CHATTANOGA"PLOW CO, to-is-4m G. L. TABER, Glen St. Mary, Fla. .-




Ie oe L0T.rlllldl6 AaadltERQOtit Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of,the P.O.A P.B. R., Write for Estimates.
Y1aakaess at:Johns,River, Jacksonville. .
of Body saloeSoessata0idorYo

w I *Ht.nd. 'a.o t. Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers.Wholesale PEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SWT .
ee1R AntKT-aMMSti to.4.jkud o dealers-In a (flmportenot all kinds of Agricultural cneD 1eak., fg- LIST FBBE
() ie au..Ttntfrn.4 n ft I.i.wlNi)frtfc Send us your name and.we will mall you from time to tlmelmuch general Information Jennings) Nursery Co., Th.ill..' *
GO., WFFAlo,N.Y. ,regarding successful orange,and vegetable cqlture In Florida villa Georgia. .
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-_ 2 ;& -> : u._ _: TEE- : 'FLORIDA- DISPATCH, FARMER,AND FRUIT-GROWER.- (OCTOBER 15. 18ft


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!:! f They ' worth fifty cents per box more than if rusty.* \ "

The rust mites do more injury to the fruit in September than at any other

period., \i\

-I_ 1..L.4f1 One thorough application .of


Will destroy them and prevent further damage. Spraying Machines at manufacturers' prices. Orange box

material, viz:: Spruce pine heads, Bangor, Tupula'; Poplar and Virginia Gum sides, Birch hoops, mixed .

hoops, orange wraps, ladders, sizers, orange clips; nails,'etc., all. of the best t quality and as cheap as heI I

cheapest. Send for Circulars and. *Price List. ;<

: E. BEAN Jacksonville Flay
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::<; SULPHUR .SOLUTION : : :. .


Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign l remedyfor

the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic,corrosive or poisonous nature, it can : -

be, handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees'at any stare,! of growth without! injury. .

This insecticide has been used Tby some of the largest orange growers In the state durino- the.past two years, and has riven

perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. 0 .

FOR RUST MITE USE'ONE QUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. \When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed

for the Rust Mite twice a montH through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item,of expense in spraying trees it is better

aid'cheaper to use the Insecticide mil,strength, viz.: fine.gallon"of.solution to 50. gallons! of_water, as the fumes! From the !Insecticide
will kill the Rust! Mite even if the solution' should not.happen t to touch,thepi. in using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

knee or four springs through the 'season- thereby: reducing' the cost from one-third to onehalf.Other *This is Advantage Possessed. fcjr .
'.. Preparation of Sulphur if used in this manner it will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon!! to fifty colons of water. -
PRICE 20c. PER GALLON, in barrels. If there is no.agent in,your vicinity write for price delivered. '

SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at cost.

: McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.

S S ,


,. AND r"y
,i.--; i -T1PIa: e P :LO IM:OLA ID _.:E> A o is.: :z..1D.: ,:

With the' Magnificent Connections. '

I The Great t. Fast Express Freight System of. the South. .

The attention of shippers II directed to. the Plant Be 8. Line between Havana.Key West and Tampa and 4onth Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford.8 .F.A W.B1'tN- :-.,
tees Jacksonville. Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between.Savannah,Philadelph,13oaton and New ..
York and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped fastest and most prompt lines. between all points in Florida and anpotnW
North and Northwest.- Be oelvers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections: ; .
Doable daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany Jrsup, Balnbrldge. and Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany BainbridM,
a .naD&h. Jean and Savannah to. all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via O.lnelT1ll..J.... '
Daily fast'freight all rail connection via the'Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonville*Callahan and Live Oak. .
} aa&Coast point, including New. York Boston, Philadelphia Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by tbe fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company sailing froao
r Pro 4eBoe. New York((1Saturday. New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday Frlda'.u.I'our .
: connections a week'for New Yorawla Ocean Steamship Company.leavlq Savannah .
K &da1I,.Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June' 11
Two oonnecUona a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Mlnen'Trauport.atton Cbm- 18 and 25 for Savannah direct, making connection. on the dock at Savannah with 'l Last
;lV.lDl8avanDah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for.11 points in Florida. .
C oaneetkmsfor Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia :May 9, Je and 28, tE
?tie C.11,18 and Z. S every five days from regular sailing day via New York tQ Savannah. '
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
8avBnahJnne4,14and34.' : Friday making close connection with 8.,F.A W.Ry.for-all points Florida. }
Balling days for Steamships are subject to change without.notice.- a-
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickestand; beat freight route from all points North,Ea.t sndWert to Florida. For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply to : ,'. I
.Mir.agent of the above lines,or to. WM.P.HARDEE,Gen'l!Freight Agent,Savannah,Ua. ;<
&,D.OWENS Traflo Manager,Savannah Oa. F.B.P PAFY Awt.Traffic Manager Savannah,Ga. W. M.DAVIDSON Gen'l Traffic Agent Jacksonville,Fla. .
J.P.JORDAN,Trav.Agent Qnlncy. J.E.DasrroN,Tray.Agent__, Jacksonville.___ J.H.STKPHXKS Agent,Jacksonville. .0 .."'.' _.. '


ITS CAUSES AND'> CURE, u.a StaDdard Milwaukee-Florida i Orange Co.. 5
Scientifically treated'by an aurtot of world '"
{ wide.reputation Deafness eradicated and TON Selected strains Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a.8p4'Clalt7. J
eattrely cured,of from 20 to 30 years'standing. ,I '$35."w.ISMI Budding-Wood for sale at all times. t
after all other treatments have failed. 'How
ttoe difficulty is reached and the cause 'reaeved TMMFSM,MigtMtH t ,N.Y.T Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.: For = ;
,folly explained in circulars with affidavits
4 and testimonials of cures from-, proml- )KPAIR your old family Bibles; make them as Catalogue and Price-List,address,
neat people mailed free. IV good as new. DaCosta Printing and Publishing .
55 He,1.. FONTAINE,10 East UthJBt.,N.Y.K' House,Jacksonville,Fla. :..A" ,'. L., DUNCAN- Manager, Dunedin>>_', Fla.. ..

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are the principal source of.loss in'orange marketing. For the past sic years a large portion of each crop has been lost In this way. Imperfect distribution causes gluts by
,section or a markeL This cannot'be avoided when shippers or shipper' agencies distribute the fruit-it cannot occur when each,market derives Its own the over.supplylng a
suPpl1.from produCing
e case when dealers buy and distribute the fruit. Sales at home mean market territory as Is
: value cash in hand to the grower without risk. and leave transportation, .
distribution etc. to "the trade :
which is
egrpped for dealing with such qu Uon5. Home market Is not only the best but It is the possible. The laws of supply and demand and of commercial
lHI7'produdng; territory,where the crop Is'a staple. is of sufficient importance to have a market value. Where among aU the agricultural or horticultural products of this or other a market In
any country Is there
au exception The advantages and desirableness of home market are conceded. Has our orange crop attained sufficient size, permanence and importancHas the time come for a Home l\larket for ...
1 We think it has and that the Orange and Vegetable Auction has
.ranges ,
Compauy' already demonstrated the present practicability as well as its Infinite superiority over all other plans by


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--- / "The'grower selling the Home Market receives cash in band {
.,Home sales beiug the most feasible and desirable plan of tlispos. and deals with an institution of whose reliability he is,"well advised .

ing of or3nge.s. WE WANT TUB BEST' KIND OP HOME MARKET-which I and where operations at all times easily subjected to scrutiny. 't 4...i.

unquestionably massing and auction at the natural dis- Selling at the grove is to a greater or less extent a credit operation .. ."'.

ttiouting point (Jacksonville). BUYERS CAN: AFFORD TO PAY depending on the good faith and correct understanding of a stran : <

MORE HERE THAN AT THE GROVE, because all elements of ger. In Home Market auction he is alwayiJsure of the highest market ,::::.
uncertainty are eliminated. The buyer does not have to deal with a price, for all the buyers compete for the fruit. In selling at the jgrove' i .' : .,:
man of whose business methods he is ignorant. The fruit iS'before ,
he can only avail himself of such buyers as come his way, ..
him, its quality, its ability to stand up and the style in which it is k must take their offer or lose a sale. lie is at a disadvantage being ,' .

packed are definite quantities. He knows how long it will take to not so well informed as they as to market conditions and prospects; ,. '

.reach his market,what prices rule there and what buyers from the The buyer's only object in coming to him and taking the risk that ., :

'other markets are paying. There: is no uncertainty as to weather, I buying at the grove implies being to get a better bargain than: the A1 .' *

labor, packing materials, etc., as there is when he buys on the tree. open market affords-A SAIE AT THE GROVE IS USUALLY %, .... .
He tan afford to pay more than when he takes these risks; in fact, EQUIVALENT A BARGAIN FOR THE BUYER. We'repeat, 0'' v :

the.*com petition from his own and other markets force him to pay selling home is the only feasible way of disposing ofour.oranges 't. ,
the highest market price if he gets the fruit. :
: to advantage-auction sales at the natural distributing point for '
; I II the orange belt I is the best kind'of home market." 4I
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Mr. w. S. Hart, of Hawks Park (Secretary of 1(. D, Bracy. Beresford, July 22, '91: "The Induced Jay our efforts they are ready to pay Meet the buyers, study the packages of others, .'..
the Florida Horticultural Society),March 26, I8gr, Auction did as well, if not better, for me than any good prices. They want more fruit than we have note the wants of the trade,learn to put up ,your +
says: "Our Halifax River oranges always bring house I shipped to. It is the best plan yet devised heretofore been able to offer and would eagerlytakeioooo fruit in the shape that will sell best in the 'mar' ;,
top prices, but your average of$2.70 for mid-sea for marketing the crop,and if every growerin at each sale,for more fruit means more ket. Bring your fruit and take the proceeds back,
son shipments, perfectly satisfactory." the State would pledge himself to sell in no buyers,and stronger rivalry. Most wish to buy. with you. DISHONESTY IiPOSSJDLE., with the
Maj. .G. P. Healy Seville, May 27 '91; "So other way, the problem would be solved. Auction in carload lots. In order to hold this trade we auction conducted by a home orgaDlzatJonjtheI -" .
long as "Home Market" does''as well by me as it at home Is the true solution. Auction AWAY must have more fruit.RELIAJ&LE. I work is all done under the eye of the(grower: who
has this will get my fruit." FROM home is wrong in principle and a failure. --- I is positively protected from loss by dishonesty on
.Whenever growers'unite on Home Auction I I the part of management, or those who handler
jlo ..W.II*Bristol Del;and June io, '91:' ."I and refuse to sell at the grove or to ship to commission ADVICES l his fruit. Our books are open to 'inspection by ,
have received my returns promptly and have no then they will full value for their I every "
men, get ,
from market center.
Reach wire
cause to complain. of my dealings with.the Home .ttAdam us daily by every patron.MILLIONS- ---- "
Market. crops. The "Home Market" management feels entitled
Corell, DeLaud 'Treasurer of Volusia to confidence of the growers because it j' SA VED, :'-
0.4 J. B.Anderson, San Mateo, July. 30, '91: "The .County, July n, 'oi: "Will,have about 2,000 boxesto has invariably advised shippers fairly and impartially + : ., ,tIn
V.A. Co." handled my fruit, and prices were ship this coming winter and if the ''Home as to the beat course to pursue often againstits t !',
satisfactory i Market' will do as well in the future as it,'in own immediate interests, and when com- the marketing of last season's crop, sales fii .
.K1t"W.'ChamberIaiD. Tangerine,July 27 '91: "I ,the past. I shall give it all I have. ;I could always petiifg institutions profited by it. It has warned the State brought about through the efforts*of y.a
divided my 'shipments between 'Home Market' rely on receiving GOOD RETURNS. within one' shippers of impending gluts and warned them to I.i ."Home Market" netted our growers at least one # d
and Fruit Exchange. The latter did not, 'get week from date,of shipment, and that is good stop shipping which, followed by its patrons, million dollars more than the same 'quantity of:
enough more to pay the extra cost 6f freight." enough for any one." saved them thousands of dollars. fruit any previous season sold in any other way.
-'" -- ------ --- --- --- -- --- ----- --- -
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c WHERE TO 'FIND (US. TO SHI a PSRS.: ',;", & .

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1 Our..warehouse: capacity has been. enlarged this:season,to WRITE us BEFORE :SHIPPING- giving full, particulars as to,probable amount of.fruit, its quality,"when,it is desired to move it, etc V
meet the increasing demands ot the business., ,Por greater Webl11 give fu111nformatiou: 'as market conditions, best time to ship whatwe can handle to advantage. etc.;and ask that our advice be
convenienceaud to have followed; flit ut'endeaVQrto obtain'the highest possiblerlce for each patron. .. .
our fruit under our immediate eye, ,Read our?._ \ on r therlrigand packng'+analoUow to the letter-see'anothcr: page n or this Issae). Don't ship unless you i
ow office and Auction rooms have ,been moved >from the I know. there Is a demand fdr the fruit. Our commission i is-dgh-per cent. '.. -, .' ?
Everett Block: y'St.'and b w'adjoiu.'the ;warehouse, on 'SHIP THE LARGEST.'BRlduTEST AND BEST FRUIT first. :Before and during the holidays big,bright fruit is in demand for present* ,'
the orange wharf of the; S., P. '& W. Ry.near the "Waycross' I 1''and festive occasions. If,left On" the tree fruit will continue to increase in size. Russets deteriorate less than brights if left on the trees, \ a
I 'and late in seuonareatarpremlumo it.CC011ntorthdrbetttr qualities. ,
passenger station.REGULAR AN O. &V. A.CO..STENCIE and.:'use it. 'Do not borrower, ,lend'tudt'norlm' 'improvise{ e markinOmAIN gs. Remember- each'ateecll*** t '
1" I .*ha*'a'number registered our office opposite the.owner's name, to whom' remittances are invariably"leD t. For accommodation we'fill
: : S4SthE .MELDtan f orders for EXTRA STENCILS at cost, i K.!!cents per letter and postage, .}. ;

L '..- :'; _. ALWAYS SEND US BILL 'LADING AND L' 1S siFIj' tfth( .,
Mondays J Wednesdays and.Fridays at 1.30 ,P. M. Thefwit i "
Is open for the inspection of buyers at 12 noon'OR.'iates as'to stie.: ,'This aids;us W:maki'rfg- prompt returns'and where It is'done,tto shortage) will be reported to the shipper who will receive-
I returns for full number of boxes jhipped. We repeat "


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SEND ORANGES NOWFOR good keeping qualities and so carefullyput handled arid are handling large quantities ger of the Home'Market: "Growers who
up as to stand the long shipment ,so of fruit, we have not 'been able to sell now at low figures to be delivered in
as to 'arrive in good condition. The give them all they wanted and they have January and February are going to feel

"home market" is admirably calculatedto gone through the State buying every- like kicking themselves all over the peninsula -
do this trade, as nothing but the very where (we trust the growers will give us at the Ides of March.**'

OUR: EEQULAR TBADE/KEAB-BY best packed fruit would be sent forward.! enough to supply them this season), but .

'. MARKETS AND EUROPEAN The fruit will be stopped in Jacksonville they make "Home Market" their head- HOME MARKET FOR ORANGBS.
and,if not in condition to go throughand quarters and we are in a position to

SHIPMENT. if prices are-very: favorable, will be speak advisedly when we say that How to Prevent Gluts To Equalize
sold there. If not sold it will go for- the average price' paid for the compara-
.- ward via New York where an office has tively small quantity bought this year Distribution and to Get the High-

REGULAR SALE. been established; here' it would againbe will not exceed est Possible Price for the Crop-
FIRST carefully examined and, if not in con-
.75 CTS. ON THE TREES. The Only Practical,Feasible,Successful -
.. -. dition to_stand the voyage, would be sold
at once by the Home-:Market Companyat We know.of but one instance where the Plan of Marketing.

\. The Home Market will Hold Its auction; this will secure good sound price has been as high as $1.25; some has Consignment, the first marketing plan

... First Auction Sale for fruit only for the foreign trade. gone as low as 50 cents. The crop of one adopted by Florida orange growers,gave
n Regular grove which was sold last year at this good results while the fruit was a noveltyand .

1' the Season of 1891-92 on Friday, 200,000 BOXES FOR EUROPE. time for $1.50 has been sold for 50 cents the product small. As soon, how-

I Mann has secured the although the fruit is o< better quality ever, as the crop attained large propor-
November 13th. Manager co-op- this tions this or rather lack of
It season. system, sys-
of those best in mattersone
.' By.this date.the'"biflr crop" scare should know in order posted to handle this The present crop is not large, but tem, which placed the fruit throughoutthe
small-relatively the smallest country in competition with itself,
trade and feels confident that yet pro-
will be the misapprehension foreign ,
over, duced-that is to say we shall fall behind in the hands of men having no money
with these
t as to the size of the crop now currant started fruit safeguards going forward against poor he will packor be the ratio of increase of the last five Years, invested in it,.proved entirely inadequate
: ,
which would to. its distribution and everywhere the
give us 3,000,000 boxes
I '" able to place profitably from to two ,
been one
the trade will have
among hundred thousand boxes before the first while as a matter of fact this crop is not tendency was to compete by underselling,

corrected and confidence on the part of January, and should the be larger likely to exceed last years crop ((2,500- resulting in ruinous prices and a disastrous -
than boxes. sacrifice of the fruit.
000)) by more 200,000
of thedealers restored. The mar- than last season, at which figures he
places it_as a safe estimate;this openingwill REALLY A SMALL CROP. DISTRIBUTION FROM NORTHERN CENTERSwas
ket will also have recovered from help to care for the surplus. next resorted through forwarding
Those who have gathered fruit are
the depressing effect of an over- With this European outlet and a housein aware that its appearance on the tree is agencies, the most important of which is
great market center of the a corporation whose stockholders are
every this Last
supply of green fruit. Much of the very deceptive year. year the
country to keep us advised daily as to exposed and forward bloom on the outside mostly growers. This has also proven un-

4 fruit(which maturing earlier than the markets, and take our surplus in the was frosted and the fruit grew on the satisfactory. It affords no means of equal-
improbable event that local conditions inside 'and to size izing supply and demand and preventing
but it
grew enormous ,
usual this season) will be ripe.
should be unfavorable at time it is to the
i' any to did not show up, hence the underesti- gluts; open same objections
.M. There is every reason to expect selling here our entire receipts, we are I mate. This season it is on the limbs that as any plan of forced distribution (a.*
prepared to handle an enormous distinguished from natural distribution),
rested last season, there is none in the in-
good prices and a steady market. quantity of fruit for the season of terior, it is all in sight, and much of it at incident to home sales, where each consuming -

Buyers will be at the sale from,every 1891-92 at top prices. the tips of the limbs,bending them down, section draws !its own supply
.-.-. giving the casual observer the impressionthat from the purchasing? territory accordingto
Northern center to
supply whom its ability to for and dispose of the
THE BIG CROP SOARE. the trees are overloaded. Again it pay

WE WANT 20,000 BOXES FOR ________ "'-* is all small, it will take 50"per cent more fruit. Those working on this plan labor
in number to fill the boxes than last under the disadvantage of being confinedto
,. OUR OPENING SALE. Demoralizes the %.Early Market- In other words, if we have twiceas year. a few markets, where it must sell exclusively -

Enormous Shipments of Green last whichwe whatever their condition of
as season,
many oranges
We ask our patrons to send us values be. The most important
supply or may -
have. not the would amountto
Fruit-A Good Season Predicted crop .
liberal shipments and urge. that but 3,200,000 boxes. 'agency of this character(above
The season of 1891-92 has alluded to) sells exclusively auction,at,
x they,come with the fruity meet the badly. The "big crop"scare has cause WHAT THE OROWERS SAY. six or seven points only, through which

.'f; .' buyer, see it sold, and take their at the outset a panicky feeling among both Manager Mann has visited most of the not more than a third of the orange con-
buyers and dealers. The growers to get districts during the past sixty suming territory is reached, leaving the
'money back with them. ahead of inprices orange other two-thirds to seek its elsewhere
in. an anticipated, collapse days, looking this matter up and,'ex- i, supply -
are forcing upon a reluctant and where there over half its shipments going to
While we do not advise heavy cepting a few points is reallyan
unsteady market an unprecidentedly increase, the in each section New York and Boston. By this plan the
,shipments to be sold here in advance large quantity green, sour fruit the !are thoroughly convinced growers that, while the fruit does not reach half the consumers
immediate result of which must be dis- their section is of the country,and it offers no safeguard
f in short
of beginning of regular auction -. crop particular ,
and loss.
appointment After'this misap- against overstocking some markets or
it is large in all the other sections,
sales, ,the present demoralization prehension is corrected and the market when very, as a matter of fact, the other_sec sections while others are bare-it does ,
rallies, the "Home Market" anticipates a not prevent gluts. Richmond will not
in the
of Northern markets does not are same predicament.
better condition and Baltimore foe
believes the to Atlantacannot
seasonon go oranges.
Again, the increase in the for the
affect near-by points to which no the whole will be favorable to the past six has varjed from crop thirty to be forced to Cincinnati, nor Louisville
years '
to and
Chicago. Large
is growers.The eleven cent., gradually decreasingwith populous
'fruit which
going, do not draw per
cry of big crop has been raised by each successive year;still if we take areas allover: the_ North and.west are
q thetrsupplyfrom the- great centers, those whose interest and profits lie in the greatest increase as a basis for thisseason's not reached, and the great South, lying
forwarding to outside markets and whose right at our door, which consumes immense -
fall far short of the
but which ,are the regular crop we "big
; patrons
policy is against home sales.A crop" estimates sent out. But the quantities, and could be encouraged -
,: of Home Market. For this trade to consume a great deal more, is
: ESTIMATEof MOST RELIABLE ESTIMATEis under this plan left unprovided for, be-

WE WANT FRUIT. NOWin 8,500\000 boxes, purporting to have the grower's estimate, each for his own cause its cities are not large enough for
been i fruit auctions.
carefully prepared by conservative :
For several statistics of this
considerable quantity and I crop.. years
we men has been autnoratitivelr publishedand find have been collected and tabulatedby Distribution through auctions in North

can handle to advantage early varieties widely circulated. Heading between the "Home Market" and as far as received ern centers was first suggested and or-
the; lines the impression is. con- ganized by the manager of the "Home
these from section
r and well-colored fruit.. which veyed that the crop is likely to be much indicate< a short reports These every facts are Market," but before he had offered a

la not sour. greater. It is to the interest of the unanswerable and crop., armed with them, single box he abandoned the plan for
\ home public to cry "short crop" rather Mann has visited the reasons given above and because 'by
.' A, NEW DEPARTURE. than "big crop." Dealers reason that if Manager market center in the every large to this plan much of the fruit is carriedout
.$* this is the lowest home estimate (the orange country of the most direct line from the
disabuse the trade of this false
*, *" The Orange and Vegetable Auction above is a home estimate) it really impres grower to the consumer at a great expense -

Company has opened up means a crop; of 4,500,000 5.000000 sion.We want the co-operation of everygrower in freight, which comes out of the '
boxes, an inference confirmed by agents in the annual compilation of this grower and brings him no return. It
A ROUSE IN ENGLAND. in the same interest among the trade. information that have the works still another injury in decay of
we means
The growers are alarmed, and buyers are of these may and fruit and consequent decrease of valueon
This means no deviation from our pol- still further mislead by the fact that stopping panics resulting each package by reason'of the long
facts and in their behalf
gluts, own
by ,
icy of selling at home, but is for the purpose the growers, who should know the size we ask each grower to send us, with his time consumed in transit and sale, which
of the crop, are willing to sell at redicu- also falls on the Again when
of opening up a new and promising name and address, his estimate of his grower.
lously low which the fruit is exposed for sale in
prices, under the circumstances the auction
and such information he hasre-
.field, and, by introducing our fruit and crop as
they are afraid to take ad- the of his room the buyers present only buy for,or
getting its merits appreciated, to inducea much As a result not a tenth as garding crops neighbors.WHAT supply, a small contiguous area. With

large consuming territory to come here been sold as up to this time IT HAS COST. the buyers of the country bidding at a #

and buy. (October 15th) last year. This "big crop" report will cost the dozen different auction ,centers, wide
? For several years the efforts of the State hundreds of thousands of dollars apart, rivalry at auction, which should
". This foreign trade promises even better Orange and Vegetable Auction Company and if not promptly corrected the loss mean high prices, may mean sacrifice at
r prices at certain periods' than could be have been directed toward will reach millions. There is no reason anyone of these points because of oversupply -'

realized, for easequality; of fruit ,at INDUCING BUYERS TO COME .for sacrificing the fruit, however. The even though the supply bo short

home. It does not_discriminate against "Home Market" has taken up the matter and prices high at all other potato.t .
here, resulting last in the sale at
year .and the press and every friend of the \
large fruit which does not sell well in home of the 8BLLJNQ. &T"HOME..The :.
greater portion of the crop at grower are with it and an era of better
.thiS country. We shall ship' most,large the best'prices known for years. They feeling is not far off. As the Times- only way: to avoid the risk and
sUes, when good keepers, to .Europe: came in the first instance to attendour Union said recently in commenting on an lose occasioned by gluts incident to coa- .
The only trouble has been to get fruit off Auction Sales but
; have
,: we interview on this subject with the mana- [Continued on page 837.]* '
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slightly rounded. These boxes should out and dry. When people used bar I equally divided between the two. For "

lTOile and Orchard.MARKETINGGRANGES. be filled about two-thirds full so they rels first they used little water and lots sizing small crops several low-priced .,

can be stacked on top of one another, of sawdust and hurt the fruit, but by and efficient machines are on the market '

and the sides should be of sufficient ,using lots of water and little sawdust'' and some excellent unpatented'

thickness-depending on the kind of you will need to turn .more times but devices cab be seen in use at the pack

Full I formatioIi on Gatheringand wood used-so they will not bulge will not hurt the fruit. I 4<> our washing ing houses. The sizer should be

Paoktopr. from pressure of the fruit." Some on our wharf where we have lots of adjustable and gauged to secure a tight ;

make the grove:: boxes smaller at the water and then a place'to expose to pack all.the while.

.BY THE ORANGE ;AND VEGETABLE AUCTION bottom than the top (with flaring sides sun and air to 'dry.; After taking out HANDLE LIKE ,EGGS.
COMPANY.In like a tray} so that they will "nest." of barrel will need to throw on some
Some have a packing house : '
[ the preparation of the following instructionsthe Remove the fruit from the picking water to wash off what_ little sawdust arranged the'sizer.
author has been materially assisted by the to grade as the fruit goes to y
following shippers well known in market for receptacle by hand carefully,. placingit may stick to them You will need to In the best conducted housesto
their superior packing: T. P. Hoggins.Sanford; it. in sawdust little while
in boxes never pour A freshly put more every,
W.H.Cook, Pomona; F.G Sampson, Boardman; ; handle the fruit as if they were -
I.B.Anderson. San Mateo, 6. C.,Warner PalM picked orange is rigid, it has no flexibility and always keep some wet in a pail to handling is'a rule the hands must

Yille ka; ;W.Nelson S. Hart Bros.Hawk's,Oviedo Park;H.A;.G Robie. P. Healy,Mt.Dora, Se-, ,'pressed out of shape, its tissuesare put in as is needed, as it does"not work work by if eggs they hold their jobs. An ..

and Charles W.Hawkins,Georgetown.] broken and it ruined, its skin is well until well wet up. must never be dropped and if .
Dry weather is best for picking brash, the cells are' distented with If fruit is nearly all in condition to orange dropped the slightest distance it if .

orangesbut if they are dried before being juices, theslightest bruise or scratch be improved by going through barrel we thrown out. ..

i packed no injury is done them by ruptures them and decay sets in. let it go, but as we don't think it is any WRAPPING. '. #
picking when wet.. real benefit to it to have it run throughwe
SORTIN are governed by condition of fruit: From the sizer the fruit goes to the *
GATHERING. Some to sort in the who it with
prefer grove. wrappers, cover neatly
The best geering I have seen a
Oranges for market should never be "As the fruit is lifted from the picking ular grindstone geering, having reg-the tissue paper, deftly fastening it with a.

pulled from the trees. Pulled fruit is baskets into the boxes, I sort and believe shaft rest on two little wheels." final twist. Strong manilla paper .ii : .
looked upon with suspicion by the it to be better than sorting in the B generally used, some, however, use ". -
trade, andjs'.usually: as "drops." fruit house. Careless pickers can be GRADING.If white or bright colors. A .1 leading '

Great care should be taken to cut'the corrected at once,.and when the fruit is the sorting has not been done as packer says: "From the bin we wrap ..

stem smoothly and close that it may taken into the house it can be piled as the fruit came from the tree, when it and pack directly into the boxes, they' '

not puncture the skin of the fruit to i its quality and sized as you wish- is ready for.handling separate' the having been neatly stenciled first. : ,

pressed against it. The finger 'nails 'fancy. 'bright,' or 'russet. Another 'russets" from "brights," discardingall Where intelligent help is employed ,* ,.

should be closely cut before attempt- good,.reason is that much less bin imperfect or damaged fruit. Eachis each wrapper can pack his own fruitas

ing to handle oranges. room is required, as you need_ bins then separated into two grades. he wraps. The "Home Market" ,

Cut the .fruit with clippers made for for but one quality at a tim ." The smooth-skined, blemishless bright pamphlet issued last winter on orange -

the'purpose, which can be'had at any CURING. fruit are hereafter known as ,"fancy,",! packing gave the most complete sji>i. '
A knife is and to market with this plainly the different sizes wc.I r
hardware store. :apt to The fruit should be taken to the go I tern of packing .
graze the fruit (which causes ,it to rot packing house and allowed to remain marked'on the box. The Test of the I have ever seen. We keep a copy of ,,

even if the cut is too small to be seen) boxes in cool bright oranges go as "brights." While it tacked up in our packing house for ,
in. the a dry room
the dark fruit is divided into "golden "
and often leaves a protruding, sharp withers until reference. : .
until it evaporation ren- "
pointed stem. ders the fruit ;flexible and, its skin russets," which includes the l lighter It pays to use wraps with the growers .
The fruit when taken from the tree pliant this usually'requires from two : shades, and "russets" which covers name and brand printed upon '

should be placed' in receptacles, which ; dried the remainder. Some still further' .them. Some use colored wraps for
three.days.Vhen properly
protect the fruit from being thorned, .to or witheted the fruit can be pressedinto vide the ,"brights" into No. is and i the top layer and put a display card '
pressed or bruised. Many of the largest be 'immovable No. 2S, but all merchantable orangescan I IXI I in each box. A careful packer :
the boxes so tightly as to .
shippers; use. cans or baskets > without injury and will not be included within these grades I says : "I believe all wraps should be f

shaped and adjusted to the body of afterwards; shrink. the making of more grades is impractical .printed with the grower's name-if his 1I. |

the picker and held by a strap over the I Oranges never sweat the moisture ,' ..and cumbersome and useless. fruit is not good enough it is not good \ ""'

,shoulder. Some, however, continueto .which from;them is never, Drops, culls: scaly, scabby and coarse I. enough: to go to market at all. It adds -' ,
.use sacks, claiming that "heavy can. evaporates The moisture which "calico" fruit, if shipped at all, shouldbe much more character to the packagethan
yas sacks are much handier and less appreciable.the fruit after a cold night ap is packed by itself and its quality colored paper, which I have ,disc '-
cumbersome than metal receptacles pears on marked plainly on the box.: Better carded." "....... ,'
. the! proportion of thorned fruit being liquified vapor the from atmosphere. still, do not ship this inferior fruit at The largest packinghouses are being f '
It same principle as
very slig t." Most, cQnvenient'size is the comes of on water on an' ice pitcher all; it hardly ever pays. There is equipped, with Warner's Fruit 'VrapI j I t

I4X20 inches when laid (flat, with in drops : This often interferes good fruit enough to ,supply the demand ping Machine of which F. G.Sampson, j j.
the a and this poor stuff only serves? "We have used 'here wrapping
straps to go over shoulder holdingthe with and packing it can,be says:
top of'the sack at the waist. When wrapping ; ,to depress the market. Creased fruit is machines for two years., Wrapping ; .
avoided keeping up an even temperature
full they'should be carefully emptied, by in the fruit house.CLEANING. usually of superior quality,, if not held.! about 20,000 boxes each year, the ":
placing the mouth of the sack at the late and 'properly handled it will ship wrapping has been far better done y

bottom ofthe picking box,,and lifting If the fruit is scaly, or dirty, it well, and usually brings good prices. and at a great saving in cost over" y
slowly. by the strap on bottom of sack. .will to wash. A shipper who's fruit The fruit should be'graded before former.years when wrapping by hand.
pay being sized, though one 'grade may be We would no more go back to hand '
GROVE has attracted deal of attention
a great sized as it is. handled' for that purpose. wrapping than to packing in barrels" '
"A,handy and serviceable pickingbox by reason of its beautiful appearance
without *
sizing or ja
SIZING. wraps,
recommends the of .
is made. from two panel following plan '
fruit should be sized. If the we put up our crop sixteen years ago.. ;.
connected by stiftskts, three ,on each washing which he follows: All .
..side$ with half-inch openings! between We use a kerosene barrel hung like crop is too small to justify a machine POLISHING. T

and at the bottom corners to allow for grindstone with.a little door on side 6 for this purpose (there are several excellent -' Manypolish their oranges by peeing ;

ventilation. Boxes ,are of the same xio inches long on hinges kept shut by styles), a home-made divise can them through brushing machines/of I' ,
size and shape as the ordinary packing hasp or button. Put in about three be-used-but'however small the crop, which there are several. excellent pal-. :; ..,,;'.

'box ,but do not contain the middle pecks cypress sawdust (pine sticks in the fruit must be sized to bring its terns. ." 'C'
partition.) The"beads should the fruit) and fill barrel two-thirds full worth ,in market. Most,of the large THE STANDARD BOX. : .

be hoeped, and ,the slats plainedon of water, then put in two boxes oranges packing houses use the "Jones" or the The standard orange box, ro gW ;.i:, '

both. sides,_ .with, inside edges and' turn thirty to sixty times; take ."Ayer" .*sizer, opinion. being, about speaking, measures 12x12x27 ii. .f.Isi'' ":t .

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.. The two ends and the partition in the down and will
O 0 ,0 0 0 0 they never move in
-, center being an inch thick; theT>ox 9'0 0 o,0. 0 0 0 'I the box. Have the bearings of the

consists of two compartments, each 00' 0 0 (0: 0000 O000 0 lever close to where the railing comes.

containing one cubic foot. The ends' 0,0 q"o' 00.000 This allows the middles' to spring upa
and partition are made of twelveinchboards .. r 0' 0 0 0"' little and eases the pressure on the

and should bedressed: on both o 0 0 o. 0 0..0.00 0 0.0"0 0 fruit, and this bulge gives back as the

ides. A.side is usually made in onpiece e o. 00"0 0 o 0 9 '0 0 o. I fruit, shrinks.. When the pressure is
.. machine.shaved from the round, ; 0 0 0 across the middle, the fruit there is
log The most of these come from A B ;A B pressed below the sides at a time when
Maine and'are known as Bangor sides. 4-Packlng-: to the and; second 12-Packing 226 to the box; five layers alternat such is harmful.A
as in A(first layer) B ( ). ing, as in A(first layer)and B (second layer). pressure: most .
An equally, as good side, is made,here: .. good lever can be made as follows -

of pine, gum and other timber, although 0 0 0 o 0 000 0 0 000 : "Nail a cleat against the wall
L some!! of the home' manufactured I 0 0 0'0 of the packing house, '2x4 inches, 3
sides are inferior. Much of the: 0 0 O. 0 o 0 0 9 b0:> 0 0.0 0 feet long. Then saw two more pieces
0 0 0 0
.;..6 Bangor siding is too thin. should, 000000.0000 about 4 feet long and hinge them to

be thick enough to lay perfectly flat,. 0 0,0 9 0'000000000
even if dampened The thin sides ing them together to a point in front
bulge out or wrinkle in damp weather 0 0 0 .0" 0 0 O. 0 000.0000000. and nail together., Where the two

after the box is filled and nailed up, points of this lever come down on the
which increases the of the A' B A 'B'
capacity "
box nail two pieces of board
S-P cklng: 128 to'the box; four uniform layezs. ,13-Packing: 250 to the box; five uniform layers.
box, slackening the packing and destroying inches square (see cut). Drop it downon

the layering the fruit. OOO oo. 0 ,oooo cover, sit on it and nail up. (We

In order to pack the fruit properly 0 0 0 0 0 'O O I o' 0 0 0 generally make up our boxes during

it is quite necessary that the two' ooo o 00'o summer and hoop them, thus saving,
divisions should measure one cubic 0 0 0 0. 000 o 0 '0 0 much time and delay). .

foot each, .otherwise, there will be 0' 00.0 0"00 ooo( .ooo
trouble in making the fruit 'comeup" I o o o oooo

properly. As at present cut, the 0, ,0.00 0' 0 0 o 0:0 o '

Bangor sides are from one-half to A B

three-quarter inches, too long, as the A B6Packing 14-Packing 252 to the box; six layers,alternating
heads are more often three-quarters : 140 td_the box; five layers alternating ,as in A(first layer)and B (second layer).
'" .as in A (first layer)and B(second layer].
!. than one inch in thickness after being In packing each of these styles(with ., ,

planed on both sides, while the sides boo 0 the exception of Figure u, 216 to the II .
are intended full one inch heads.. 000 box) the packer stands at the side of .
"So insist on having the heads full one 0'00,0., the box and begins with a layer across /; "

inch thick after planing, or if less, ,0 0 0 the side. In packing 216 to the box \
have the sides cut proportionately 0 0 0 0 he begins with two in the corner and E/

shorter so they will not project beyondthe COO 0 '0 ,0. Q goes diagonally across the box. Pack-
ends of the box. ing from the end instead of the side '.
Always use bright clean boxes; makes the box appear to less advantagewhen j ,
A B7Packing .
weather-stained, shabby boxes always 146 to the box; four layers as in A. the cover is on, as will be seen
go to the man on the lookout for bar- .and one layer(the second)as in B.... by looking through the cracks in the
4 gains. corners, (furthermore packing from the -
The fruit is placed in the boxes in 000 O 00. side gives a better chance to get in the :ll' iI"-'-
uniform the of last of each without S
layers, plan layering 0.0 00.0, O. row layer injunng .
K varying according to the size of the in close packing.THE .
0' 0 0 I 0 o 'O A string be (astened'to the
p0 fruit The sizer being adjusted to the DOVE-TAIL PLAN. may,
several plans of layering'used, thfruit' 0 o. p0 0 0 The' which point of the, lever and it may. be
arrangement brings one.
in each box being of the same 0 q. 0 fastened up against the wall when not
directly 'on top of another as
'h size throughout o '0'0 in use. We use a bench 14 or 15
in the 128 and sizes diagrams
146 150 ( ''
r inches' high to place the box on while
The following diagrams illustrate A B. ,
Nos. 5, 7 and 13)), instead of "
the various plans of layering now in .8-Packin: I box; five'tayen, alternating nailing up. ,
al in A((6ratlayer)and B(second layer). breaking joints as in the other plans of
use by packers: layering shown, have been discardedby MEASUREMENTS.Sizer .
0 0 O0'
0 005 the best packers. Alternated so measurements must be varied

O 0 00 0 0 0 0-0 0 o 0 0 that each orange comes over the space according to the shape of the fruit.
between twb, the whole,has"more solid The following will be found apfoxi-
0. O' 0 .
0.:0 0 o .0 0 0 O' 0 0 ity and elasticity, and the fruit as a mately correct for round fruit: 2265,

O. .0 0 o 0 0 result sustains less injury,from rough 2 9-16 inches; Zoos, 2 13-16 inches; .
(o: 0 0' 0 00.0 handling. More oranges, or rather a 1765, 2 15-16 inches; 1505, 3 1-16;

O 0, O 0' 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 greater weight of fruit, can be gotten in. 126s, 3 j inches;" 1125, 3U inches

0 0 A B to a. box on this "dove-tall" plan, (scant). ,

,. A, B 9-Packing 176 to the'box; first, third and fifth which gives an advantage in market, HINTS ON PACKING.
I-Packing 96 to the box; four layers alter a as bi A,and second and fourth laycn as where the heaviest boxes bring the
+ Mtisg,as,in A(first layer)and B(second layer). Small packers sending away lots; of
s,.., 9 0'O 0 money. 100 boxes or less at a time Had best
'0; O' 0 0 0 ALL, THE SIZES NECESSARY. best grades first
,0.: 0 pack as by so doing
O.O. <:
.. .. o 0 0 0 0 O' 0 0 One of the best and most extensive they can finish up the, last boxes of
0 0 0
packers in the State confines himselfto
the grade by carefully selecting the
: 0 O. 0
o 0 0
S. 0 0 C 0 the 126, 150, 176, 200, 216 and 252 best specimens from the next lower
0'' 0 o '0 0 sizes. All the fruit can be run into grade. ;
0 oo" 00 -
.0 0 ,0
0 : these ,sizes to good advantage (with The packing table should have a,

,0 00 o0_ 0 0 0 0__ 0 0 perhaps an occasional box of, 100 in slanting top-.lowest on the side next

A B ,- A. B young groves), and it simplifies the the packer.
Packing TOO to the box; five layers, alter Jo-Packmg 200 to the box; five layers alternating matter very much. Low sided boxes to hold the wraps
la first and B second ,as bi A(first layer-: )and B (second lays).
i. utiaff,u A( layer) ( layer) TIGHT IN THE BOX. for the packer save time,and'waste of

.OOO6OOO 0.0 00 .0 0 Regulate.the sizes so as to have the paper.In .
; 0, 0 (O 0. 0 0 ? oranges pack in tight and rise a full the 126 pack put t largest fruitin
: 0 0 0 0 half inch above the top of the box. ,the corners. If the sides of a box

i t-, o o5 o o 0 0 0 0' (It is of greatest importance that the project beyond the heads cut the
:": *'*'O ,) O O o 0 0 0' 0 0 boxes be packed solid,from the bottomall projecting part away with a plane or

k ," / ;. 0 0 :o 0 I 0 o. 00 0 0 way; as no amount of pressing on draw-knife. '

'.y 0' .' 0 0 0 ooo I 6. 0 O. 0 0 0 the, lid will make a loosly packed box The packing boxes should be set ,

solid.) upon a raised bench of coavewenc'
::! A B A B Have a lever so constructed as to height and incline toward the packer;
; Pa kktc xx2 to box: four alter4isg 1r-Packiag::116 to the box six layers, '
....:': s.* >as ia A' (first, layer) andB (sad layer). ,aim n A(first layer)and,h (second layer): press the top squarely and solidly who stands at one side. ;. ,
( i '

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Some packers line the ,boxes with I shape'of returns based on the poorest nearly all fall off. Some of the leaves Prolific Navels.

colored papers, folding neatly over: the I specimens put up. curl and have a kind of knot in them, Editor Farmer andFmit-G wer: '

top, of the fruit. This adds, to the One of the most important featuresin and what few limes there arC have a In 1890 my Navel trees bloomed

appearance of fancy fruit. packing oranges is the uniform knot in them and do not have much profusely. In March a large portion ..

Grade carefully. Never put differ- neatness of the package. A box of juice.: We got the place two years fell off and only about a box to a, tree

ent'sizes in the ,two compartments of oranges attractively packed in a brightnew ago, but I understand this has been matured for market in December and

the same box or mix brights and rus box, securely strapped and neatly the case since the freeze in '86. I January. In August new fruit buds

sets. Mixed sizes can have no grade marked, arrests the attention of buyers. have about thirty trees, and they are appeared which have afforded fresh

and are not wanted at, living prices, Medium fruit well packed will always fine ones; put on a new growth this fruit from March down to the present

as they are never ordered by the trade. bring more than choice fruit poorly season and, from all appearance, are time and the usual crop for fall is on .;

Securely hoop both ends and the handled. And, generally speaking, healthy. I do not want to waste fertilizer the trees and are still sound and full '

center of the box. The hoops the more care there is taken putting on them. of juice, while the last of August de- 1

strengthen the package and facilitate up fruit the better it will sell. What shall I do to make them bear? veloped new blooms, the fruit from

ventilation when piled in transit.. PACKING HOUSES.. Would it not do to cut them back and which is now about the' size of large .,
MARKING. bud lemons on the stock? Has this nuts, and the trees are to-day full of "'
In the space of this article it is notpossible
been done to your knowledge? I new blooms setting fruit. Specimensof
to give plans and details for
When the package is finished mark would prefer: the lemons if it can be the August setting, now ripe; of the
the construction houses.In .
as follows: In the center of one end packing
done with any chance of success. I February setting, now full size; and of
stencil the name of the house to which fact no two growers would agreeas will send you a lime and some of the this,and last month, now partially de-

.the fruit is sent. (It is not necessary to arrangement. The packing leaves how all from the
so you can see they look. veloped, same tree, are .
house has be suit the
to include the destination when sent to planned: to "
Please answer soon as you find out, if, herewith presented.
to the "Home Market.) In the upper individual, place, size of crop, etc. ,you don't know, which no doubt I HARRISON REED. '.
left hand corner mark the number in "Any one about to build could get do: I have had but little experiencein South Jacksonville.: .
" most satisfacory information by the
box 126 176 200, orwhatever
the business and The Ex-
am completely specimens presented by 4
personal inspection of buildings and ar-
it may be. In the upper helpless in this --case Have tried Governor Reed were noticed last
middle of the box-head stencil the rangements; of successful packers- I have heard of. week.-ED.
nearly everything
grade of the fruit one of the latter. Another
"Fancy, "Bright, says J. H. SMITH. I .

"Golden Russet" or "Russet" In says: Goshen, Brevard Co., PIa.I Sheep in Orange Groves.
the "In a large house a.good plan is
upper right hand corner place the .
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower
name of the fruit Blood to have the fruit come in at one end : '
-Orange, Cow Peas Not Hurtful to Orange Can not callout letters fromcompetent
Navel, Mandarin, Tangerine, etc., as. and move right on to the other end Trees. you
parties and I
on sheep raising
the be. without going back, which causes con
case may Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
fusion. We have the of house keeping in Florida? Will they not par
Thus part our
: During the years I have been in better than cattle muck
as they mature
that we take the fruit in ar and store
Florida I have
I prepared many quicker and give a good fleece of woolas
it while it cures two feet and one-half -
of for and
ent plots ground orange well as the meat? Will they do
176 : : .' NAVELS higher than the rest, so we have'no any
FANCY other trees, also for field 'crops; and, harm in
an by gnawingthe
steps to walk to the sizer, which grove
since there is nothing that I have barB if the feed short? .
,gets Will
lessens the labor deal. We
a great ,
tried that will shade the ground so
make fertilizerfor
droppings a good
think the plan generally adopted here
well as cowpeas, I invariably plant
the trees? They would have to be
the best to have the bins around three
them all kinds of land that I
on new
fenced nodoubt and if
sides of the sizer have the kept dogs
.. '. oranges run want to keep in the best.possible con trouble barbed'' wire would
in from the sizer the bins
.. gutters dition for crops or planting orange have to be used to them I .
"ND VEG. and from the bins.'' keep out.
to pack right ,
ABC If trees to be
G trees. peach or fig are the be found
hope right parties can to '
-O4P 3312'o* Another packer is-fruit says: in planted on the ground, since the an- write,and give us sensible views oh .
"Our rule comes rear
fast the
guillula multiplies very on "
the A. ALDRICH. '
and it's handled it is moved towards subject. J.
as of the I do not thinkit
1. ". roots cowpea,
: front door. We use field boxes (handled The of Riverside
best to plant them; or if so, there .orange growers ,
), trucks in packing house to bringto should be a large amount of hard. California, buy sheep manure by the .

sizer," etc., etc. wood ashes applied to the places where carl ad.-ED. ..
Still another .
says: the trees are to be set and thoroughly
"A large packer and handler must worked into the ground some time Less than seven years ago the virgin -

Private stencils or brands can be use his ,own little devices to suit his before the trees are set. However, I hammock woods occupied the .

'placed on the opposite end of the box. house,and conveniences to work to a have not had sufficient experience in ground where is now a model nursery

MANDARINS AND TANGERINES. saving and an advantage. All of my this line to "speak as one having and orange grove. This forty-acre

fruit is taken upstairs on an endless authority." plantation is the property of J. W. doF.

In shipping Mandarins and Tangerines chain (by steam power) in field boxes- D. Waite, the well-known nursery-
:But for trees or field cropsI .
pack in half boxes. The standard orange "
and then comes down through two big men. The grove trees this season are
box can be cut, in halves lengthwise hoppers well padded, etc., on to the know there is no better method than heavily laden with fast ripening 'fruit,. {
to plant the ground the first'and second
which, when packed and covered assorting table of sizer. The sizer is and the new growth of the past summer '
with I have handled
can be strapped together as one run by well, saving one man's year cowpeas. is astonishing Neither hoe, nor
hundreds of trees and cared ;
box. In making tip large boxes let time. You could understand betterif orange plow has been used on the ground
the' of each half box be For thousands every year for the last .
the "
tops on here ta see it working. about these trees for three years past.
half dozen and have pot seen a
inside when strapped together for ship- years mulched .
They are heavily. Shippingthe
CENTRAL HOUSES. dozen trees that I thought were affected -
ping so the be
packages may easily fruit will begin the latter part of
hinge The only true solution is central : with root-knot, and I have only
opened, as upon a by simply this month.-Belleview Blade. .
cutting the three hoops at the middleon packing houses. Say to each IOO, OO found one that I knew had knots.on .
one sides the halves thereby falling boxes in a season, done by steam its roots. .

apart right side up. It pays to pack power, quick, cheap and all alike. Therefore, the man who will not WORTH A*GUINEA A BOX.N ."! '
"fancy" of all varieties in half- The moderate rates the packing housesare renovate his ground with cowpeas for / -V t-*_Mk A4% l-V/>/ / S S> >>/>B '

boxes. charging should induce the smaller fear of root-knot, is like the man who Sleepy. : ,

growers to, patronize them, as it will will tolerate shoe deep sand in his /ZA

PAINSTAKING.By make their fruit worth from a quarterto dooryard for fear '"the grass will get 'If' a man fa drowsy
taking extra pains with their the day time .
,a sixth more, no matter how theyare in the grove.
packages and packing, some growers sold. A small grower cannot afford In the September loth number is a lex a goodnlffht'a

obtain fancy prices for their Mandarins to get the appliances required: very valuable article on the peavineas | '. Indlgwand deep,-

and Tangerines while others haying I. I a fertilizer. The analysis, comparisons fttomacli

the same grade of fruit' fail to secure A Disease of Lime Trees. etc., are so complete in this article dtsonSu.B'EECH'AM'S.

more than the market price-of Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:' that comment is unnecessary; andit

ordinary fruit. The same; thing fs true I ,wish to ask you about my. lime seems to me that with this scieiitfic '

of other varieties, 'as well as Mandarins trees; I wish you or some of your analysis before us backed by'practical .. .
and Tangerines the man who ispainstaking'in correspondents nld answer, some byremovlnghewate r
; experience that may be seen on every matter which Is clog- f
putting up his fruit is questions through the paper, as all the hand, to deny the beneficial effects of PILLS 1 Jnf the 8yStcm, will
the one who prices. limes in, this vicinity are affected the eared BlH..41I'erycng
gets top the cowpea on our sandy soil is equiv- disorder,aadirifl gdetiy reline -
False marking, as to the contents same it will be of considerable benefitto alent to the exposition of,blind igno- &iekHe.darfc.. <.

. of the box, never "catches" the trade' all., : They blossom" as if going, to rance.. CHAS. F. MAY. Ofalldrnggsts.New Yock Depot Price,ass 9C Caaal tests: 38 .:. ,.

i.14 always comes home again i in the.. have. a full crop, but the blossoms Kustis,Fla. .

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gRRI]'dE R Ar111treIcER.\ complied with, under much opposition too long. I have used this method have had trouble in moving plants a
;;., because of the heavy,outlay*the many times and a few years ago I sent stone's throw: from pine land down
citizens'next-sought to pave the streets the recipe to Helen Harcourt of The into a cypress bay. Plants from Law
:; ,Good" Roads-A Measure of Oivilza--' and make them still more agreeable to' Times-Union. After trying it she tey are said .to succeed' well in most

tion. man and beast. After paving: Pine gave it,her endorsement. The smellof parts of the. peninsula.-ED.
:!: Bdttor Farmer and Fruit Grower street, plans :were considered for clay- sulphur all passes off in a.short .
It,is a trite observation that the rank' ing the wagon road Winter Park, .. Good Crops in Holmes County.
<, \ of nation in the scale of time.Now if Editor: Farmer and Fruit Grower: '
a enlightenment bur miles; but it was not undertaken. in curing hams, etc.j you
is well indicated by the attention Now, however, it is announced that :are afraid of them, just hang them up We have not had any sickness in
given to public highways. Some of the he,principal streets of Orlando are tobe in for a few hours this county that would cause anyoneto
most ancient, peoples excelled i in this rapidly transformed into rattling and burn sulphur enough to fill the leave here. '

- respect,. and their wonderfully gradedand good tracks, where fine horses .may house well, and it is my ,impressionthe Our crops are all good; rice will
paved roads still exist, to excite feel at home'and riders may enjoy meat will be perfectly safe. Theycan yield from twenty to thirty five bushelsper

.our surprise and challenge imitation., much more exhilarating exercise than be smoked after that as you wish.If acre; cane is good, cotton good,

: .. We will not take into account the was formerly possible.Let they are left hanging long after sweet potatoes good, climate good.
railways: of our age, but refer only to the good work go on. Orlando smoking and flies get access to them, What is wanted inVest Florida i is! ,men
'. .. the other means of transit. All who has no monopoly of the process. Having a little sulphur smoke can be appliedat of capital to cut and clear away the
have lived in rough frontier regions the best railroad depot in the any time. A. J. ALDRICH. pines and, put in pears, peaches and

have seen the importance of the common country and the best courthouse now Orlando other fruits. West Florida has a bet-
.. road: and streets being laid out under' contract, she invites ojulside --- ter soil than any other part of the
with the greatest skill and with liberal visitors to come- and investigate theclaypaving The Clover for Florida. State, and especially _Holmes and '
.. forethought for the laboring beasts' for their own benefit. Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower: Washington counties. Our sub-soil is
As late as the 9th of last July I will hold the moisture much
-. that shall travel there for ages.. A. W. B. clay and
Washington. Sept. 29. sowed two_ pounds of beggar weed better than a soil that is all sand, and
to 7 'Yet we commonly see the country .,- seed on about an acre of ground withOut all'manurial matters put, upon the ,soil
condemn themselves and their .
people is
w. fertilizer whatever and it'
Tobacco on a Sand Ridge. any will stay and help make the crop.
posterity to go up and down endless now four to five feet high and in seed
Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower: As for fruit growing, West Floridacan .
r hills, or through bogs and quicksands, though not quite ripe. I it .
Notwithstanding the severe drouthin suppose take the cake, of all .other parts
rather than to give up a few rods of the early part of the season, I now ought to have been cut for fodder .a of Florida, except in the citrus family.I .
land and let the road follow its best
week but it was impossible to
have 1,500 pounds of tobacco' ready, ago, can show as fine pear orchards m
.:natural track. In some sections the it in such wet weather as has
to market, being the net result from cure Holmes Washington counties as
value of farms is far below what it
20,000 plants or about four acres of prevailed lately. Am more than ever can be.found in, the South, accordingto
would be if the roads market had
that weed is ,the
convinced beggar
The has been far
land. season from six
their to
< very age; they are one
been placed where they belong: 'Yet
I clover for Florida.
vorable for curing old. We have abundance
years hope to an -
,the short sighted fellows expend money W. P. MOSELEY. H. A. ADAMS. of fruit in 1892. I would, ask
and hard work, month after month, Fairbanks. Orlando.
,- repairing their water-worn tracks, and Mr. Adams did not sow enough any that may think of, coming to
The soil at Fairbanks is a light
very Florida call and and will
to see us,
never are able to haul half'a load. sand, and we thought it might be too seed, and his crop has grown'too that
Such stingy policy shows a streak near the Alachua limestone to produce ,. high and coarse. Six or eight poundsper ask answer letter any questions otherwise.parties We have may
--, :of improvident selfishness allied to a good cigar tobacco. Mr. Moseley acre would be about right, or by schools or and churches and
good no
that of It reminds me of:the that Northern
savages. sold his tobacco last for centsa nearly the same amount a
year 29 here. .
Western Indians. Mr. J. ,A. Barber, pound. A return of$Ioo'ari acre farmer would sow of red clover. liquors.f are allowed G. G. HOLMES. '

: '#' of Chuluota, who spent years among from; a sand ridge in an uncommonly Where plants grow-two or three feet Bonifay, ha.Formation. '
; the Chippewas of the forests around that .-
dry year is encouraging. Our corre- apart they-will grow so coarse no
.... Lake Superior, says that he never. 'saw spondent forwarded: samples of cigars animal will consume them, while if of Nicotine In Tobacco,;
a regular Indian trail which'had been made by himself. Though rudely they stood only three or. four inches In experiments recently published

,, improved by cutting out logs I or: ob made they were of a good flavor and apart they will produce fine hay.- the author pointed out the influence
-,., ttacles, making steps or bridging wet ashed"fairly well for loose, raw cigars.A ED. of fertilizing materials on the qualityof
If has ---- -.- tobacco and showed with reference
%t. ; places. an a private veteran smoker of Havanas, who ,
: '" path to his water-supply: his traps,,, tested, one of them, not knowing Black-rooted Strawberry Plants. to nicotine that its formation in the
>.." he will often clear and improve it; but whence it came, pronounced it supe- .Messrs. Chubb & Ward, of Winter plant was; favored by heavy application -
-y the idea of bettering trail to be rior to the Quincy cigars in flavor. Park, complain that Mr. -, of of easily available nitrogenous
used by himself and the rest. of they -ED. Lawtey, to whom they applied under materials, and that a high I percentageof
tribe, is foreign to savage nature. Age our guarantee that all -the Lawtey nicotine was in no instance observed "

',r '' after age they scramble ,through the Sulphur for Preserving Mea.$.- growers are trustworthy parties sent where the supply of plant food was
I. same mud-holes and climb over the ,Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: them a quantity of plants which had deficient.
,; : .' same logs lest they should waste their From what I have read in the papers such poor black roots that they wouldnot The author calls attention to ,the
.energy by doing work on their high- of late about the curing and waste time in planting them. well known fact that young plants and

: ways. keeping of hams and shoulders, ram Lawtey plants have a good reputation.We ,the younger parts of the plan tin general -
These ,thoughts are suggested by led to suppose it is not a success tall are not aware that any complainthas contain a comparatively small .
the contrast' shown in the streets of times, for they will get flyblownand ever been entered against them amount nicotine; also that plan .

Washington. The wonderfully smooth, ruined sometimes. before,,and we at once proceeded to which are not topped (seed plants)
perfect noiseless asphalt pavements I am not an adept Jn the business, look up this matter. are comparatively poor in nicotine.To .
seem a fitting index of the civilization but from some experience I have had Mr. -'s plants are in comparatively further study the conditions
of the nation, whose representatives I would,like to make a, suggestion to new land and they form a dense growth favorable to the development

govern this city and have placed it in those handling. hams, etc. If you mass, completely' covering the bed alkaloid, of experiments were made in
the front rank among the capitals of have fresh meat or fish in hot weather and excluding all other growth excepta 1890 with reference to the influence"

the world. that you want to keep for a day or few single.spires of crabgrass They light, heat, soil water, and the humidity
., The sums expended on these costly two or even longer, the following made a good growth early in the sum- of the atmosphere. The author
streets and sidewalks by the United plan will enable ybu'to do so. Havea mer, then were checked by the drouth, .:states at the outset that the effects of individuality f f'I.
-, States, however, are not so liberal in ;,wooden' box of suitable.size in which and plants which suffer check in their ''I. on formation of nicotinein

proportion to their ability as the to,hang it up, ((1 used orange tree growth will be found to have black tobacco are quite strong. To study '
; amount devoted to the same 'purpose thorns driven through}holes in.the side roots. These plants are so thick in the the. effects of temperature, plants treat ,
by the citizens of Orlando, Fla. The of the box), put your meat, in, then bed that they would grow no more ed otherwise the.same, were grown indifferent
recent successful experiment of paving put a small live coal in an old 'saucer until transplanted. But we have cases out of doors, in a greenhouse -
.. :, : Fine street with a hard layer of sandy in the box and put a little sulphur on learned from personal experience that \ with southern exposure, and
elay, brought on flat cars from an ad- it and close up your box. It will soon black-rooted plants of this season's from seed sown late in the season, so
Joining county, has solved the problem be filled with the fumes and smoke of growth, if healthy otherwise, :will fre- that the plant developed at a relatively

ef making good streets. in ,.place of the sulphur. Leave the. box closed o uently bear the shock of transplant low temperature. As the; days
', beds of deep sand. ten minutes or more; then if there is ing better than plants with young, were shorter the plants of the last

w .. ". people began this era of sweep- much smoke in the box you can openit tender, silver-white roots, and will series naturally received less light ,
Big] improvement over:' two years ago, and let it out, then, close and let fruit''just as well next spring. Some than the others. The first two series-
c by tearing''' out all the .old plank side'walks your meat or ;fish hang there until soils will make, blackef roots than were harvested August 18 'to 20; the ,
',' in the fire limits and ordering wanted. It will not taint or 'spoil, others. Plants grown in some soils last, November II.. The average

'; ti1at.only.stne': bricksliouldbe 1 } laid but the tendency will be to dry up will ,not bear with impunity the transfer -. amount of dry mattel, contained in the
; oWn4 This having teen, generally and turn dark if'you try to keep it to a different class of soils.Ve )leaves per plant and the average per-

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; li THE FARMEB AND FBurr- ROWER. 899. ..
; .g ) R.15..1891J FLORIDA DISPATCH,

ventage of nicotine are given for the I II I ten pounds, to clear out the last rem- examined June 22d. Eleven per cent;
of-the covered blossoms,and 17 percent.
'different conditions. follows : nant of milk. After being worked as J1piaJ.t .of the uncovered had .de eloPed. To

D dry possible a tablespoonful of fine ,., show the details, in one case 60 blossomswere
I matter.Nicotine. salt is allowed for each pound, and considered,,9 of which in the covered
-, Grams., Per. Cent. 1 allowed to remain from five to ten hours Bees as Fertilizers. lot, and 27 in the uncoveredJiad:

(planted late tow).temperature............ 22.S s.!,!. fore the second working. I prefer the Editor Farmer and Fmit-Grower: developed. That is, three timeaas many
-Grown at medium temper I-enclose an address by Prof. Cook,. flowers had set ,in the uncovered as in .
? 30.9 .3-0. latter. the covered. In another case of 212 blossoms
awnatt in the
high tttemperature milk house which I hqpe may find a place .
In a 80 and 104. In
summer we use the fruit numbered
Rn ............
greenhouse) 32.5 (.t it of
DISPATCH deeming impor-
built with double walls and top six great a case of 123 blossoms, the number of
The elaboration of nicotine.accord inches apart, the space between filled tance to the beekeepers of Florida, fruit was 20 and 36. '

ing to these figures;; ,!increased regularly with sawdust, The floor is of cement and more especially to the orange and These experiments agree with similar
with of the State. 1 I ones of former years, in seeming to show
the increase in temperature. vegetable growers
; laid over brick, and there is no win- that strawberries are less affected than
The author'.has shown on previous ': dow, but ventilated by a flue a foot hope it may find a place if not already other fruit by the exclusion of insect

occasions that tobacco rich nicotine square'going out through the roof and published. JOHN CRAYCRAFT.. visits. The raspberry can& were coy-

is in general dark colored. He suggests six sheet iron tubes, four inches in Astor Park Fla. ered with cheese-cloth May 30, and uncovered ,
that since the of nicotine July 6. In every case but one .
production foundation
diameter,let into the the canes seemed to have been injuredby
is favored by light, it may be pos: I on opposite.sides. It ls white READ AT THE ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT the covers,and so the results were not

sible tad produce relatively light or washed inside every spring and is never OF AGRICULTURAL SCI- considered. In the exceptional case, 184

dark leaves by cultivating the plants damp or mouldy. Nothing is kept there ENCE, WASHINGTON, D. C. blossoms were considered; 93 blossoms
.close farther developed on the covered canes, and 160
together or apart.
but milk and butter; the most Now that spraying our fruit trees with
the uncovered. In the
To study. the effects of the water inC cleanliness keeps it entirely odorless. the arsenites, early in the spring is on fruit on the covered twigs every was case inferior.It .

the, soil, an attempt was made to Almost every one thinks it necessaryto known to be so profitable, and is coming might be thought that the simple

supply respectively, 60, and 40 have a milk house built over a and will continue to come generally into presence of the covers was prejudicial;
of use, and as such spraying is fatal to the ,this could not be important .
per cent of the amount water by but is though a very
spring or running water, ours
bees if performed during the time of
matter blossoms covered after the .
of as
weight which the soil was capab'e superior in every respect, being dry bloom, and not only. fatal to the imago, bees had freely visited them set well and

absorbing, and though rains prevented and cold even .in the hottest weather. but to the brood to which it is fed in the showed no injury. Thus we see that, in

this plan from being ,accurately The inside door ,is merely a frame hive, it becomes a question of momen- all our fruits-strawberries the least-
-carried out, these conditions ofsoil covered with wire cloth which keepsout tous importance that all should know the free visits of insects during the period -
that bees are valuable to the fruit grower
t moisture were approximated. The all insects and during the night of blooming are absolutely essentialto
and the apiarist 'alike, and that the po- a full or even a fair In many
plants grown under the different conditions the outside door is left open for the free mologist who poisons the bees is surely cases the covered blossoms all failed to

contained the following per- entrance of the cold night air. The killing the goose that laid the golden egg. develop. We also see that, where fruit

Cage of nicotine: butter is firm and has all the delicious That bees are easily poisoned by applying age does occur, there seems a lack, as the
spray to trees that bear nectarsecretingblossoms fruit lacks vigor. The free and
.s=3 .s b : aroma and flavor of Northern dairies, :I at the time of bloom, can be cross-fertilization seems to be requisite,

". ,lot lot:I f!..; and I consider myself competent to easily demonstrated by any one in a very not only for a crop but for a perfect ,development o4
:1. :': :. fj judge, having, been born and rearedin short period of time. It has been de- and maximum vigor. .
e 1
S : ,one of the best dairying sections of monstrated in a frightfully expensive Our experiments with clovers were II
manner in several apiaries in various tried with both the white and alsike.
Per Cent. Percent. Per Cent. the Stata of New York.
)4icotine....... 1.20 1.75 3.10 parts of the country. Several beekeepers While the uncovered heads were full of ;
In the winter'the milk -is put into whose all was invested in bees, have seeds, the covered ones were entirely
The plants receiving the largest hot water in enameled ware pails-and lost all this property,.all because some seedless. This fully explains the com ,.
quantity of water prodacec the least heated'just enough to wrinkle faintlyon fruit-growing neighbor either thoughtlessly mon experience of farmers with these '

dry matter, and those which were pro the' surface which hastens the rising or ignorantly sprayed his fruit trees. plants.Having. ZK;
while in bloom; and this in the face of the law of the necessity of insects s
tected from the rain and kept quite of the cream and makes the butter best. results *?
the fact that, for the even to accomplish this function so well H*
dry, the most dry matter. The production come quickly. It is kept in a large in the direction sought, the spraying demonstrated, it mi ht te? asked, "Whydo
of organic matter and of kitchen should be deferred until the blossoms
pantry warmed by the fire, we have: any fruit in case the blossomsare
aicotine was thus hindered by the presence and skimmed when all the cream has fall. I have demonstrated this fact, covered?" This'seeming exception .'

of large quantities of water in the risen without waiting for it to sour, set where the results were entirely in sight.I may be no exception. Indeed, this may H-
have shut bees in and given them
cage from the. fact that all insects are .
come *
soil.-United States Experiment Sta- in a cool ,but not freezing place, and sweetened water,containing London pur- not excluded. Very small insects, like -

.tion Record. when ready to chum brought near the ple in the proportion of one pound to 200 the thrips, and various of' the jassid, '"*
fire long enough to sour it and raise gallons of water,and in 24 hours the bees which we know are often attracted to, .a' r5l
the to degrees in were all dead; while other bees, in pre flowers, either by the pollen or nectar; -. .
The Afry. temperature seventy cisely similar cages, and fed precisely the would be concealed about the plants, f! .'
winter. same food, with.the poison omitted, lived .
: and, from their ,small size, might gain >- t
... We commenced with the ,native for,many days. access even after the covers were ad- ...
Dairying in Arkan as. cattle which gave' four or five poundsof We thus see that it becomes very important justed.. These would be sufficient to secure ""

.?"'Our butter sells in Little Rock for butter a week, but by breeding up that pomologist and beekeeperalike partial fertilization, and very likely '# .

the same price with Elgin creamery, with a Shorthorn 'sire of a milk strain, know the danger, and also know are the cause of the meager crop which, ,Sin : J
loss both in caution is few secured the
the to parties case a cases, we even on t
and I will still farther have which and "
explain myself we now cows give ten not observed to avoid the danger and covered twigs. '

by giving the process of making. A twelve pounds per weeks the, milk probable loss. It is also, important that, In case of strawberries, our experi-

piece of thin muslin or cheese cloth being weighed and churned separatelyto by definite experimentation, we may ments this year, like some previouslytried
is laid in the strainer to catch anythingthat have: correct test. learn just how important the bees are in seemed to show that the presence
the pollenization of plants. To determinethis of insects, though important to & maximum '
might otherwise run through the We feed orchard and clover
point, I tried many experiments last production, is not so necessary aS
wire;cloth; and the 'pans are filled two hay with cotton seed meal and bran spring. I counted the blossoms on each in case ef nearly'all other fruit. But we '

inches deep. When washed and equally mixed, the bran taking away of two branches, or plants, of apple, must remember. that the strawberry

scalded the;pans are'lapped over each the objectionable results of using cherry, pear, strawberry, raspberry and plant'are not wholly inclosed. A cloth-

11 I' other, not piled together. In summer cotton seed meal alone. With good clover. One of these, ,in case of each covered box rests on the ground about .
fruit or each experiment,was surroundedby the plant. This gives a fine chance for
the milk is skimmed as nearly as pos feed, as a rule, the milk of native cows cheese-cloth just before the blossoms insects that the earth, and for

sible when first sour, no matter in is'as rich as Jerseys but not so greatin opened and kept covered till the blossoms insects that haVe pupated in like position, -

what time of the day this occurs, and quantity. In the autumn months fell off. The apple, pear and cherry were to come up.during the three or four weeksof

the cream well stirred each:; time more particles 'of butter are often found covered May 4th, and uncovered. May the experiment and pollenize the blos- y
23th and May 29th. The number of soms. This, though possible,and(shall
is added. A dasher the of the
floating milkseparated
stoneware on
common ( top
blossoms considered varied from 32, the I[ say?) a probable] explanation, may note
churn is' used, though we have a by the process of milking, I suppose, smallest number, to 300, the largest. > the real one. But we can still affirm,
Blanchard which I do not like at all, and so many as to inconveniently clog The trees were examined June 11th, to In case of the strawberry, that the free
and every other day the cream is the strainer. Southern butter, made see what number'of the fruit had set. visits offtnsects serve surely to much enlarge -

churned (twice a ,week in winter). with the mercury among the nineties !The per cent. of blossoms which developed the production of fruit.
I on the covered trees was a little Thus we see that our horticulturists and'armers
The cream is not skimmed into the and no more conveniences' setting i over 2, while almost 20 per cent. of the alike with the apiarist are dependent ,
churn but in a large enameled pail themilk than a cupboard on a shaded I uncovered blossoms had developed. Of [ for the best prosperity ont4. ie '

which is covered with a thick cloth and varanda, will be soft, but never oily the pears, not one of the covered devel- presence and well-being of the bees. ,

set in cold water when the, ,weather is like[ Northern butter and can be piled oped, while 5 per cent. of the uncovered I They should realize this fact, and should
: developed fruit. Of the cherries, 3 percent I demand that our legislators not only be-
{ The butter in without losing its shape.'
unusually warm. comes upon a plate .
only of the covered developed, come informed but act accordingly.A.
... from half to three quarters:of an hour, An Ohio dairyman says our cool fresh while 40 per cent. of the uncovered Blossoms J. COOK. 7

feoth winter and 'summer,, and ,is- nights account for this. If able to ex- set their fruit. The strawberrieswere Agricultural College, Mich. 'f'"'fr, .:. .
washed in cold water from the' well change our milk 'house for the privilege covered May 18th, and uncovered :

t (temperature 60 degrees) till it is not of having ice to use freely, I June 16th. The number of blossoms in Many Persons are hmHa .
each varied from 60 in the household eares. }
experiment down from overwork or ,
colored by the buttermilk and to the should prefer the former, as it is far least[ to 212 in 'the greatest. In these .. Brown's'Iron Bitters Rebefifeito

last water about one-third of a teaspoonful less trouble and answers every purpose cases, a box covered with cheese-cloth lystem aids digestion- removes excess! oCbfle,..
of saltpetre is added for every .-Little Rock paper. surrounded the plants. The plants were .,and cozes nuUsrJAUvf the genuine. rr

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It seems>> there is a duplicate to Jhe cannot afford to keep them for home The "Misfortunes of Florida.

:. !.0 A 1ISfATC1I OWUI famous Indian River region, the St. consumption. Hence we can never Florida has none-has nothing but

t RHRt lJl- IARMIRSAWANC( Lucie running parallel to it part way expect such large cities to grow up what Heaven sends and man permits.
H ., .w.ocronita The blizzard and the frost sweep from
and. offering on. its banks the same here proportionally as" are found in Dakota all the way across our'com-

IS,'t8Qx... admirable advantages for pineapples, manufacturing countries. Florida will mon country,. and Florida gets only

Y lemon and banana culture. South always of necessity have a higher percentage the taper end. The yellow fever,is only
,HTB.HEN POWERS, Editor. of the diseases of mortals and it
Florida has many surprises yet in of( rural population than most one ,
P. O.Address, Xwtey,Fla.
but sloth and
i store for mankind. Our sons or grandsons other States. This great seasonal was nothing our apathy
that permitted this, loathsome, vulgar
4 .Member" of Florida Press Association. may see Lake Okeechobee migration North and South will con- pest Greasers to cross over our bor

*** _' drained like Bedford Level or Harlem tinue to. fill up our cities in the winter ders. The fire in Jacksonville had its

'*;.Affiliated' with National Editorial Lake, and kepf drained by gigantic and deplete them in the summer, .andit I original spark deep down in politics;
Association. it was'only a penalty of violated law,
windmills. is idle to decry this '111o ment.
--'. <- the of political bigotry and
'Middle Even the Indians of California in their l outcome
and West Florida are mov- We hope all our, readers who are business stupidity.

': ingxfor a,tobacco school. orange growers read the paper of Mr. low state of savagery, made this regular What matters it that Florida is

:Over' .three thousand. boxes of oranges W. S. Hart, published October i, in pilgrimage to the mountains in dotted over with ,abandoned orange
summer and back to the plains in groves and empty huts and worn-out
he it hisexperience
.gives. as the result of
have already passed through t:. winter. We rejoice that men 'can cotton fields? Florida is such as God .
their that foot-rot can be cured made it and He doubtless created
Jacksonville on way: to. England. ,
n < -- bare the make money enough in Florida. so '
by simply laying collar roots. many a strip of sand and lake of Water
West Florida did well at Orlando: If this is found to be generally true that they are able to go to the mourn merely: to hold the State together,

"Every man in the State ought to takeoff it is a fact whose importance can hardlybe tains! or go North. and not for orange groves at all.
his hat to Orange," said Escambia.. over-estimated.. Mr. A; H. Man- < Men'came down here too proud to
The Orlando Convention-A Bad question the despised cracker," too
That is something more than ordi
an ville informs us that his experiencehas
Mistake. greedy for riches to await the testi
nary compliment when the speakerhas led him to similar conclusions with Out of so much thoroughly good mony of the times and the seasons;;

to travel 900 miles. to say it. Mr. Hart. work as was done by the recent they screwed in trees where they oughtto

> t World's Fair convention at Orlando, it have developed dairies,> screwed in
Rev. Lyman Phelps once stated Some Florida growers will save a is an ungracious task to seize out :what trees where they ought to have herded

:before the State Horticultural Societythat dollar by subscribing for a Northern : we cannot but regard as a grave error, Angoras, screwed trees where they
the I which imperils the success of the whole ought to have left the dominion of
of Florida
corroding waters paper and lose ten dollars through ad-
scheme. That was the adoption of the gopher unscared and uninvaded
will rust out the piping of an irrigation vice not applicable to their latitude.At .
the measure allowing the county committee forever, as the Almighty intended.
plant in seven years. The growers Arredondo a trucker writes to The I to retain one-fourth, of all California can show far more wrecks,

ought to look into the merits of the Savannah News for information on money collected, to "pay county and wrecks which engulfed in, ruin

ru$loss iron pipe so strongly com onion growing and receives instructions expenses." much more wealth and human labor-
In the first it is than this State. For fourteen hundred
,. a unfortunate -
mended by some of the best agricul- to sow in'January and Februaryand
wording for this bit of I miles up the Coast ,Range and down
tural.papers of,the.. North.. 'put in five pounds per acre of : phrasing'as it implies that it is to cost i the Sierra, one could pass through the

.I.A Giant Rocca, Tripoli, or New Green one, dollar to raise four-good,picking i worked-out placers and a steady suc
In the recent
preposterous grapes seed! It is quite possible for him to 1 for some of our razor-back politicians. 1 1I cession of ruins; racked and battered

are in New York 'Dr. ,H. Lugo lose more than ten dollars on everyone I They slaughter fat hogs in Chicago I II' quartz-mills, broken ditches; where
found only i.65th of a grain of sul and the blood of cattle smokes above once the-swift mountain river, flushedout
of these three counts. I'
phate of copper to TOO pounds of .. the city. The money is already run by the winter rains, thick as por-
grapes. Medically this salt'of copper ----- I '-- i so low by the bummers who are manag: ridge with the tailings, walloped ina
Before the lapse qf many years&w'ehope ing the World's Fair that they have muddy swish and thudding of
k in doses of to I
; given # :# grain as to see every winter a line- of : had to borrow $20,000 to pay salaries, dams, flumes, rockers, and turbine

an astringent and ,tonic, and in doses .'steam pigs" or 'whalebacks" plying and they voted the other day to ask wheels, sweeping away the toil and

y of i i to 5 grains an ,emetic, hence between Florida and England loaded : congress for a loan of$5,000,000! hope of the miners, who stood on the
the absurdity of the scare. I Now, we cannot raise such tallow bank cursing their luck, cursing the
<_- with oranges. One of them, the Col 'as that in the wire-grass, and it is not' world. There stood great roadside

,From Mr.
N. Y, we have received a. basket has a carrying capacity of 3,000t6ns small way, the "Big Four" butchers. deserted and silent Meadow Lake,

of Diamond White A good with a speed of fifteen knots per houron Then another thing-the idea_ of high in the Sierra, was a city of 6,000
grapes. separate county exhibits is a pernicious inhabitants and had daily meetings of
800 horse-power and a of
had crew
many spoiled on the long journey
delusion. its board of trade; but two winters
but the few that remained in good only five men. Thii: statement will Take even Orange county itself and later it was visited only by the venturesome .

condition ,fully came up to the brag, be understood when it is explained Leon, the "captain jewels in the carca- mountaineer,'who,,as he slid

justifying the high praise which has that!ordinary steamers of 1,800 tons net", and what does this great world swiftly along its streets on snow-shoes,
for them? Put exhibit in Chi could the
register no and care an peer through second-story
been bestowed on them. The skin is carry greater cargo
the most splendid that could be window into
apartments elegantly
ago up
thin soft make no higher speed with
the and a 1,600
pulp melting and and label it with
devised, "Orange county"or holstered, beds made up and fur-
the flavor unsurpassed.. horsepower and a crew of three timesas "Leon county," and what wouldit niture in place-all tenantless. Not

-*.* :-: many men. These "whalebacks"could signify unless it was'' rounded out a'soul was fen in the city, not one re
Mr Press Perry, of Marion County, with that. Florida? turnedl .
descend the St. Johns without magic name- .
takes an optimistic view cabbage trouble with a full load. At the measurement That's the word which men conjure Probably the world never saw such

.growing. As reported in an exchange, of: forty cubic feet to the with.Let another prodigal wastage of labor and
ke gives the total expense of raising load us go to work and raise this capital as was seen in California., But
shipping ton" a for-one"would be hundred thousand dollars and put up the tremendous power of gold and the
to the time it is laid down
aa acre.,: up ... 60,000 boxes of oranges! Doubtlessthis the coin solid, and not have it nibbled mighty Anglo-Saxon energy rammedit

at the depot, at .$IIS He ex would have to be reduced a good to pieces by ants. Thousandsfor ahead; men pushed right on over

pects' usually to raise 200 barrels deal to allow for ventilation, etc.. Florida, but not one cent for Duval, all this waste and wreck and built up

a&d sell it at $2,a barrel, leaving, after Brevard or.Escambia! We advise every that wonderful State.
reader of the FARMER FRUIT Florida 'has received in all
t&, deducted AND never ,
expenses are. $200 net Florida can never have great cities,
GROWER to ignore the county boards her history, such a prodigious momentum '
per acre. A majority of cabbage affording a home market, without
altogether and to pay his subscription as the gold imparted to the great
growers would be, and will have tobe populous regions around, them. Home directly to the State board' -wh.en the Pacific State more than forty years

satisfied with about half of this consumption of all our: produce will .proper time comes. ago. From the swift, intense life she

profit By the way, we look to see never be brought about to the end of Florida is made up of counties and has lived, California is old, very old-

aabbage growers do well the coming time, because the North will,pay such in all home affairs they are the very a centenarian lly-wbile Florida is
life blood and body of the common- a mere youngling. California is as
_ .MBsoci, simply because so many failed prices for our early fruits and vegeta-j wealth, but in aWorld's Fair they old as Europe in her tramps, an army

but year and will l plant something 1 else. bles that ', the resident population ,would be simply an impertinence. of <"blanket< men," numbering more

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than one-fourth the whole population Kieffer in a thousand have been killedor Orange. and Vegetable: Trade Re to such proportions only within.the past

of the State of Nevada; those wild and seriously injured. In our home view. fifteen years. There are imported into

reckless wanderers in whose veins the orchard of eight hundred LeConte NEW YORK,.Oct. 11, 1891. our million American bananas.ports Most over of this one fruit thousand come.

virus and fever of the diggings is still, and Kieffer trees, not one has been With the advent of cooler weather the from South America. It takes ten moatfea

,- felt. Florida has-no tramps,. for even damaged by blight. Some of the lines present shows week increased, business activity in all, and produce prices to mature bananas, and when the fruit

Tier blacks-have wives and cabins. fruit spurs and, seeds of tender, rap- generally have advanced. We note the matures the plant dies; but the bananafarmers =_

The Florida Legislature lacks a good idly growing shoots have been attacked continued arrival of lemons from Florida, at permit'different a certain stages, so number that. oae ofsprouts

deal yet of the corruption ofth :Roman l and killed to the branch on and some lines are especially inviting in plant follows another from the same root,

Senate or the California Legislature, which they grew, but there it stops. $4.50 quality per and box.find The ready bulk sale of at from the fruit$4 to, at different intervals.,

in which, according to the San Fran The malady does not run down to however only fair quality, yet when BULL BUTTER.It .

cisco papers, there was a regular,syn- the body of the tree as is common on properly graded meets the wants of the is noticeable from' the returns that ..
dicate of vote-sellers, with an agentto Bartlett and others of the old sorts. general trade at a price ranging: from more oleomargarine is sold in the 'min-
make bargains and receipt for the is factor in estimateof |3 to$3.50.. Coarse,inferioi fruit,.rusty or ing regions, distant from the markets,
: Blight not a : our
wholly green, sells slowly at $2 to 250. than anywhere else. This is because it
payment! (We mention this disgraceful profit and loss in LeConte.or' Kief I would suggest lining all boxes with "ieeps, and does not become rancid as .

fact, not out of exultation all, fer pear culture. paper; if only common, as it, tends to time goes by. Heretofore the output of
"but merely to show" how California is "\Vhether the wild, pears of Europe confine the heat generated by the fruit oleomargarine has depended in a very .
getting along in years.) or Asia have ever been subject to this i when); in tight boxes, and fruit will thus great measure upon the grass crops.
while in transit if When these () and the
shipped by crops were good
Florida's true impulse is only' just disease I do not know. But J doubtif I
steamer. A few oranges have arrived, cows consequently gave milk freely, the :
BOW being received and the piston there are any of the cultivated va but lacking color and not readily sale- government receipts, on account of the ;
rod of solid prosperity ,is only 1 fairly rieties but what are more or less liableto able. Jamaica fruit plentiful and selling. tax upon oleomargarine amounted to almost :
beginning to'play. If not 'so rich at the malady. But there is a striking from $4 to $4.50 per barrel. nothing. when the grass did not !
will be G. S. PALMELBOSTON grow well, then there came a demand ,
first, her phosphate deposits difference in' the ability of varietiesto for oleomargarine. The unprecedented

more enduring than California's goldmines. resist. the damaging effects of the Oct. 8.. figures showing this.year's increase in ,
s Will markets for
Our growers are learning disease. report our you as the tax on oleomargarine induce the be-
the is
as fairly
soon season
where,and how to plant groves ''and We have upwards of fifty varieties YORK &open.WHITNEY. lief that it has come to-stay, grass or no

orchardsand vegetables, pineapples, of pears in our orchard. When we seea grass.-EXchange.
tobacco and cotton; and where to let blighted twig on LeConte or Kiefferor Florida oranges have not come forward, ST. Louis, Oct. 13.
the alone. It has taken longerto but Florida lemons are arriving steadily, CALIFORNIA FRurr- Fair offerings, for
ground others of the Oriental type, we giveit
prices of which are from ,$3.50 to $4.50. which there was a fair demand at full
learn what men now'know of Flor- no attention, knowing that no Some California grapes came in refrigerator quotations. .

ida than it did in Calfornia; for Cali. serious damage will result. But whena cars and landed in good condition. Beure Hardy Pears, 40-lb. boxes,$3 to

fornia has her worthless deserts and Bartlett, or any of the varieties of Ordinarily, grapes landing in hot weather $2.25; Beure Clergeau Pears,40-lb. boxes,
mountains not mixed with her rich European ancestry is attacked, rte remove and humid atmosphere, condensationis $2 to$2.25;Beure Anjou Pears 40-lb.boxes,
lands,. while in Florida the good soils the blighted branch at,once or so great that the fruit is very much $2 to $2.25; Duchess Pears, 20-lb. boxes,
affected thereby and is not popular in $2 to $2.25; Onondago Pears,20-lb.boxes/
and the bad; the wholesome and the the tree will soon be'dead. this market. The condition, however, $2 to $2.25; Peaches, 20-lb. boxes, $1 to

poisonous, are often only a'stone'sthrow The LeConte Sand Kieffer are not being favorable Wednesday, this car $1.25; Sllyer Plums, per 20-lb. crate, $1 to
apart and not marked all over choice as to soil. They can be lan<}oo in fine condition. $1.25; Muscat Grapes, $1.50 to $1.75;.
with great primer type, either. very Over 900 peach cars have arrived here Tokay, 40-oC boxes, $3.50 to $4.
seen thriving on all kinds of soil that this nearly -double that of
summer, any ORANGES-Light offerings, good demand -
Florida has been buffeting,a heavy we have in South Georgia, except wet, previous year, and is unprecedented in and market firm. .. *
fica for several years, and has cleared boggy land. The prevailing ,soil hereis the history of the peach trade.-Fruit Sorrento, Imperial and 200-size, $ ::2bto

the ship by casting overboard the a sandy loam with porous clay sub Trade Journal. $5.50; Mexican, $5; Jamaica, per bbl,

chicken :coops and other -trash-the; soil. It is probable that these PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 10. $9; Jamaica, per box, $5; Louisiana, per
very bbl., $6 to$6.50; Louisiana,per box,$3.35
the in "farmer
groves, oranges trees would not do so well on a stiff Our market today is as follows; to $3.75. .
pack," the premature peach, the pears Choice well colored Florida oranges, $3.50to "
clay subsoil :that would hold water unless LEMONS-Market firm. Sales ran:
$4. Russets, when $2.75 to
shaken off and poured dirty'into bar" ;:
underdrained. Messina and Palermo, good, box, .
it was 325. Grape fruit, $2.50 to $3. Florida per ..t.
rels, the unripe melons, the,vegetables has lemons, fancy, $4.50 to$5. Choice bright, $6 to $6.50; Choice! to fancy, per box, $7 .
"Experience taught us two
shipped without ventilation. But the very $3.50 to $4. Ordinary and Russets $1.50to to $7.50; Maiori per case, $7.50 to $8;
is Important facts in the management of Florida, per box, $5 to $5.50. .
cargo sound in the hold-the phosphates $2.50, as to qU lity. Owing to there
these trees That the trees should be P. M. KIELY & Co. r
the groves well planted, ..the having been no frosts there is a full supply
pineapples not set in shells, the choice set with sufficient space between them, of fresh vegetables coming from near

cigar tobaccos(annexing all that we and that they should be top pruned by,and therefore shipments from Florida QUESTIONS AND REPLIES. I
into will not pay. Japan persimmons are not
annually until they come bearing.The .
want of Cuba), the cane,. the rice, the bringing enough to pay freight, and we
hay the Jersey butter. first LeConte orchards were set would advise shippers to discontinue All reasonable questions,coming from a fubflcrl-.,
ber,will be answered as promptly as possible If addressed ;
The phosphates will afford the rail- 18 to 20 feet apart. It was not known shipments to our market. We notice a to the editor at Lawtey.

roads a revenue,* and then they can that they grew so large. Of recent considerable many and oranges coming unfit.forward for- Replies can not be gi yen by mall. '0.
very green -
give the fruit growers and farmers. years they have been, set 30x30. market. We would advise and cautionall
reduction; in rates. Formerly the.trees. were. trimmed up; in regard to these continued! shipments! 203. JAFFA, TARDIFF, ETC. You
oblige by me
1 can very
now tney are trIm mea, of green sour Iron which, if Kept up, WIll some of the characteristics of the Jaffa
Pears For Profit. the larger part of the annual growth is surely ruin the reputation of the Florida orange-size of tree, time of. ripening,
and also hurt the market
Of recent years a new race of pears cut off from the top branches. If this orange very quality of fruit, etc. Also, are the Tar- 3
much for the balance of the season.
have come to us from the Orient. Our is not done, and nature is allowed to REDFIELD & SON. diff and Valencias the same? Is the
hopes of successful culture rest have its both LeConte and Villa Franca lemon l usually objectionably
pear way 'CHICAGO. Oct. 12.
large, or round, or rough?-J. H. CAM-
on these and their American_ seedlingsand i Kieffer trees throw up a few long poles LEMONS.-Scarce and firm but quiet. MACK, Whittier, Cal. '
hybrids. forty and fifty feet high. These tall Maoria boxes, $7.50 to 8.50; Messina, per Jaffa is mid-season .
a orange, one
Already two varieties have been de.:' branches are apt to be broken off with box, $5.50 to 7; Verdella, per box; $5.50to of our best varieties thin-skinned,juicy,
Florida box to 7.50.
: of the fruit and if 7; per $4.50 The Tardiff is best late-
veloped, and sufficiently tested to establish the weight theyare ORANGES.-Louisiana slow at $5 to 5.50 prolific. our
their: ,great value. Along the not, it is difficult to gather the per barrel and at $2.50 to 2.75 for boxes. variety, of fair quality tough, durable ..
South Atlantic ,and Gulf coast, and pears. :Florida boxes quoted at $3.50. Arrivals peelfairiyprolific. We have no Valencia
The Villa Franca lemon is free
from one to two hundred miles inland, We cultivate our orchards four or fair and stock improving. from orange.objections; normal lemon size and
the(eConte has become the leading. five times during the spring and early APPLES.-Across the lake stock sells shape and smooth. .
mainly at $1.25 to 1.50 barrel. Ar-
fruit tree, ,followed closely by the summer-first with turning plow, after- rivals are moderate and per comprise.Bald t m <

Kieffer. The latter is gradually mak- wards with cultivator 6r sweep; while wins, Spies and Greenings, winter ap- It is a great mistake made,by grove

ing reputation further north. The the.trees are young it is 'only necessary ples..* The stock is more or less waning, owners in not spending about two
Kieffer is showing great possibilities to culivate four or five feet on each I still it has sold fairly so far on account hundred dollars in having an irrigating
I of fine fall fruit and is
it has been in all I side of the of trees. The other being scarce, expected their .- -
wherever planted -of row to sell well until fine goods become plant put on groves. Although!
the Southern States. :. other twenty feet can be put in any more plenty.There they do very well without it, yet it.

Blight, the great enemy of pear farm or garden crop except grass or is spme old stock on hand-apples would soon pay for itself, inasmuch'uthe
trees, now recognized by scientists as small grain. put tkjj'in cold storage during re trees would bear better and brighter.

fungous disease, is not pears If the soil be poor, cow peas or cent 1.75, not according quality.These selling at. $1 to oranges. .
of Oriental ancestry. The Kieffer other renovating crop should be M. GEORGE & Co. -

rarely:blights'.at all with us, and both grown.-W. JENNINGS in Southern The first Florida oranges arrived this It appears that our grove contractor. ,

.LeCofite and Kiefier.are able to resist Farm. week, but as yet they have not been are not very,anxious to take contract
its deadly effects. Although the blighthas > i ,placed on the market. They are incubating for clearing and fencing land any snore,
somewhere. The consignment
has in as we have several correspOB prevailed here for the last three Ocala expended $149,297 comprised two carloads. '

years, destroying a large part of the erecting new buildings during the past The banana trade throughout the coun- waiting for estimates who are anxious ,

old varieties, not one LeConte or year. .. try- is. simply immense and has increased. to have their lots improved... ,

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found:knowledge of heraldry among the dear, girl it is your independence. The Half theJnarr: ages in the world would

: ':.:;91111 young' F61lSi scholars who designed them.-Our Animal pennies, half-dimes and dimes count up! not be contracted if the parties to them
could be assured that the other
Friends. and then when you want to surprise party

,. I r mother with a birthday gift, when would not marry any one else.-Atchin-*
Hal's Pet Bear. you, want to get on a frolic, Or son Globe. .

Paul Jones'i.We. 'Flag. Hal has a funny playfellow at the fort when you would like to have a good Mr. J.1annels-"Ah, by the way,heard

,note in,the Scots' "Magazine, July, in the great West, where he lives. He is photograph, really good one to give the news? There was a little girl born at
} ,,'-<[1776,(see New England Magazine, Au- the cunningest, softest little cub anybody somebody who is really fond of you, the Smithers' last night." Mrs. de Mode(ab-
gnat,.1801)), "as showing how many good ever.saw.This .' money saved is then brought.forth. Just sent-mindedly-"What) did it have on?"
I tfektgs are said of the rattlesnake r"The is the way Hal happened to get. try going without a few things-a carfare Puck.
his bear. One he now and then, some candies, or the very
colors of the American fleet have day was watching a
There i is fortune for the milliner who
latest in collarsand dedicate the ducats to a
t a wake with thirteen rattles, the fourteenth party of soldiers who were leaving the
the box. You will be amazed'to see how shall devise a bonnet that can be worn in
described in.the attitudeof fort
_budding, They were going on ascouting expedition -
going to strike;:with the motto, 'Don't to the mountains. they accumulate. And, best of all, the I any part of a church and always present-'
tread on me./ "What shall I bring you, Hal?' asked saving habit will come to you. That does the trimmed side to the congregation
not mean lack of generosity; it means Texas Siftings.
Lieutenant Gibson. "Would like a
Jt is a rule in heraldry that the worthy you. .. thought for the future. Some masculine
little 1" He "So will not
properties the animal in the crest boric pappoose? you just positively
''shall be considered, and the base ones "No,' replied Hal, "but I'dlike a .little philosopher said women only began to give me one kiss. And I had a $10 bet
save when they had passed 30 "
ancients bear. money with Tom Bickles that you would. She
cannot be intended. The accounted -
a snake, or a serpent,;an emblem "All ,right, I'll bring you one if I see but if that is true because the saving _"I am sorry for you, but I have a bet
the lieutenant laughing. box idea was not taught from youth. of box of that I would
-of:wisdom, and, in certain attitudes, of When -The Baltimorean. with him a gloves
.. endless duration. The rattlesnake is properly the soldiers came back they not."-Indianapolis Journal.
brought two little cubs witji them. They t ,
a representative of America, as this found an old bear and two little ones A Word to Farmer Boys. Jones (reading aloud)-"A true, good,
found in other of the
r animal is
no part is to make herself
noble woman ever ready -
-world. The eye of the creature excels in when they were on their way home. I was a boy once, had pretty much the doormat for the she loves!
killed the old bear for food and most farm have- a
that of most other animals., They same experierice boys
brightness the
the two cubs into the fort. lots of errands "Ah, Dolly, those are women
brought choring, running picking
has and'is therefore "
She no eyelids, an. best'wives Mrs. J. who
who make the ( :
At first Hal was almost afraid of the berries, hoeing and pulling: weeds. Well emblem attack of, .nor vigilance.ever surrenders She never; begins she, i is one they gave him., For a few days he do I remember the first colt I owned. is not of husbands.this type-"Yes"Punch.) dear, and. the'
therefore an emblem of magnanimity kept it chained to a tree, close to the Times were pretty hard, father had some !

and true courage. When injured or in front door of his father's house. Then it debts to pay, so my colt was sold but .So you have been abroad?" "Yes." .
danger of being injured, she never grew 'so tame that he could let it runaround he promised me the next colt and said I "Did you visit Paris?" "Yes, but we

wounds until she has given notice to her wherever it pleased. Henamedit should have a team when I was of age if stopped only a day there. We went thereto
.:enemies their danger. No other of "Dan." I worked well and took good care of the improve ourselves in the French lan-

'her kind shows such generosity. When Hal always fed it himself. ,He gave it stock. That seemed a good ways off,and' guage, and were awfully disappointed

undisturbed and in peace she does not fruit,bread, cake and very little meat. with very little spending money I used .'Howao1" "Why, they speaK the

appear to be furnished with weapons of Often he would treat it to a lump of to get pretty impatient sometimes, and French there at all as we do."-New .

any kind. They are latent'in the roof of sugar or a bit of candy. It,was very when I could not have my own way usedto York Press. .

her mouth, aria even when extended for fond of sweet things.. It soon learned to think "When I am of hge I'll do as I "Delicious fresh air; wonderful invigorating -

her defense, appear'to those who are not lick its chops with its cunning red ton.gce please." Time rolled on, I became of fresh air. You never breathed

acquainted with her to be weak and contemptible as if asking for more sugar. age, got my team but was fooled in doingas such air in Massachusetts!" writes an en-

; yet her wounds, however_ Hal and.Dan had a great many grand I pleased. When I got away from thusiastic young pioneer who ,has goneto
.small,are'decisive and fatal. times together. The little fellow lovedto home other people were not any betterto seek his fortune in the far West. His

of fascination to play fully as well as Hal did. Some-- get along with than my own folks, father replies: "Dear Boy: You can't live
"The attributed
power construction times Dan would get up a play all by and sometimes not near so good. Sodon't on fresh air. I enclose chcek for $10(1(
her by a resem
generous himself. He would carry off a slipperor be impatient> work witha
ys, away contribution to fresh air fund.-
"bles.America. Those who look
steadily a little bundle in his fore paws arid light heart and good will. See if you your.
on her are delighted and involuntarily have a great time tossing and hugging it. can t make those pigs, calves, colts or Boston Transcript.Mrs.
advance .toward her, and having once Hal taught Dan to dance. The little lambs do better than any'you have'raised. Wickstaff: "My dear, this ribbon
approached, never leave her. Sh6 is fre- bear soon learned to like it. Hal would you have brought home for Fido is a

quently found with thirteen rattles, and take hold of Dan's chubby fore paws and ORANGE PEEL shade too light' : "All right,
f they increase yearly. She is beautiful in dance slowly around. Dan would hop I'll try it over." Mrs. Wickstaff (the

youth, and her beauty increases with around with him. He 'looked so funny She-"Yes, I am very fond of pets.* next day): "My dear, I'm sorry, but the
.ber age. Her tongue* is blue,arid forked and solemn that every; one who saw him He-"Indeed What, niay I ask, is ribbon you brought home to-day is a
as the lightning. had to laugh.Lieutenant.. your favorite animal?" She (frankly-) shade too dark." Wickstaff (wearily):
"' ". Excellent, indeed, for the Scotch whigof Gibson is trying to teach ; "Man."-Munsey's Weekly. "Then wait until to-morrow, and I'll
1776. In the investiture of the embryo his head. He takes hold change the dog."
Dan to on He-"Will you marry me? I have a
Hebrew' commonwealth the serpent appears of him and places him on his, head and bachelor uncle who is worth "a million." A story is told of an oKl negro womanin

Y as the escutcheon of Dan (Gen. front paws. Dan.thinks it good fun. He She-"No, but"you might introduce me Alabama, whose extreme age and help-
'II xlix. 17)). Its ancient symbolic import will stand as long as the lieutenant holdson to your uncle.-Epoch. lessness caused her friends and neighbors

r t was recognized by Moses, both in the re- to his hind .feet, but when he lets go I So aeronauts are falling out of to supply all her needs. She was very
nowned debate before the Egyptian himself to tumble Then many for all such attentions and
Dan allows over. grateful .
balloons in Illinois that
their nowadays .
Court and in its use as a symbol of salva
life his mouth as if laughing. Hal never failed to express her gratitude in
the farmers over there seldom have to
tioh. in the wilderness. Later; Dan'scompartment
says he is afraid he will never learn.- Free Press. original language. One day she could
dig a posthole.-Detroit
appears as the scorpionpossibly Our Little Ones. not sufficiently thank the son of her old

& union of the serpent with the ..------. ,-- Ethel-"I have had more than fifty. master,who had brought her some choice
sacred scarab, or beetle of Egyptandstill The Old Oaken Bucket. .' offers so far this season." Maud"Forthe grapes. 'You is powerful good to pore
retains that form in the zodiac. The land's sake? Who from?' Ethel-
'oman like wid one foot in de
pie me,
said that the
been '
It has'
in connection with the "From George.-New York Sun.
appears cold water "The Old Oaken grabe an'de oder a cry in out 'Lawd, how
eagle upon the escutcheon of the Laced poem "I Jack and have made "
of see Molly up long, how long.
Bucket was by a glass
monians who claimed de- "
or Spartans, the
again.! "Why, was engagementever
brandy. A writer in The Boston Herald
scent*from Abraham by Keturah, much "
broken? had
"They a quarrel
affirms the truth of the story, and tells it SAL'S One second hand
as it in the arms of the ancient Washington
appears as a. personal recollection. Samuel to which loved the other the most. FOR Press for sale cheap 'at
Mexicans "TJ letter is and
: s foursquare; Life. Write for particulars. '
the seal is an eagle, with a dragon in his Woodworth, the author, was a printer,
claws" (Letter of King Areus to the and was employed in an office in -

high priest Onias;; Josephus, Antiq., bers street, New York. One Cham-I

Book XII., Chap. IV.) The serpent, the dropped into Mallony's bar SYMPTOMS OF
scorpion, the dragon or gryphon, and Franklin street to get some 4r
finally the eagle, became int@:rcbnvertible water The liquor was excellent, and
in heraldry,"according to the precise Woodworth remarked that it was superior -
shade of meaning to be expressed. to anything had ever tasted. "No, PARESISCONSUMPTION

China has perpetuated the gryphon; the said his comrade, "there was'one thing

eagle perched upon the Roman standard, that you and I used to think far" surpassedthis

aad is blazoned, either single or double in the way of drinking.

all over Europe. Both the serpent and "What was that?" asked 'Voodworth I ( OF THE BRAIN). THE BRAIN(from 'm ptotograpk). '
the eagle were prominent as leaders in dubiously. "Fresh spring water that we I' In Healthy Condition. With Foretit Ittiont.
the North American Indians used to drink from the old oaken bucket ,I headaches, dksinesc,dimness of vision
,heraldry among Restleamess,a feverish feeling,sleeplen mea,periodic
the serpent being relatively ofgreater that hung in the well, after .our return :I ringing the ears, difficulty thinking, trouble in remembering names ADd the faces even of- .
importance. Those curious in from the hay field on a sultry day in friends. The victim of Paresis is often shocked or annoyed by little nolsea and trading things.'
is often in such condition that slight causes,or even no cause at all,
The of the The nerrous system very
lummer. rythm phrase, j .
'such will
matters be amply repaid by the brain, fafreauently'
excite to sudden outbursts of anger. A. feeling of pressure upon
"the old oaken bucket that hung ,in the : may
co&sulting the Second Annual of the folio wed by seasons of despondency,mental depression alternating with periods of wild,iHasiyehopes.
a Bureau of Ethnology, 1880-1881, pp.280- well" struck Woodworth at once, and a : When the brain begins to consume or decaf many of these symptom become a .ramed.
picture of the well at his boyhood home : different from what it was in the past, thought becomes a positive
308. The bird (eagle), the scarab (spider), :, The world seems strange or
and the rattlesnake came to his mind. Within a few hours effort and life an I Intense burden.
are especially promi
unusual is deaaaded.'
he had completed the poem. The system. needs soothing, toning, and building up. Something
cent The Oriental types became represented And here is where the great difficulty has always b ten-to find something pure.and yet positive
by forms locally more familiar; p. I In its results. The late Trot Phel *. of Dartmouth College realized this when he begin his toTestigation -
;; But they all point back to the ancient A Savings Box for Girls. which resulted in the discovery of Falne's Celery Compound. He knew mea and.
.m&ant of humanity.Doubtless It need not be a box; it may be a silk women required something heretofore unknown to the world and his great fbothold discovery In the has furnished
It has secured a sfstea.
checks Paresis,even after
it. This
the rattlesnake on the flag of bag, or a big-welled ink-stand, or it may Taken on the approach compound of the first symptoms,it will positively prevent their i&epeate. Ito hick
Commodore Jones bore allusion to its be a Satsuma jar. But have it. Then, i I endorsements. by the medical fraternity and the cures it is affecting easily account: for Ha wead rfnl .
symbolic importance among the red men; when the day is done and the purse is I I popularity and the unusual stir it has caused in this community. .

eero this flag and the later and more being looked over, count out the penniesind I I DIAMOND, DYES are Strongest. Simplest, F.i a.eK.'k '
'elegant one of the nation evidence a pro- spare some to the savings box. My .. \)
.. t'f

''ti .
,.ti, .
t + .
i ': : :.

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4 .

Eat Before Sleeping. NEW KODAKS."You Guavas are as much dependent on
a On filial Ime. Some persons, thpugh not actuallysIck plant food as ;anything else. If the

keep below par in strength and fruit is from bushes in fence corners1
general tone, and, I am of the opinion' neglected and uncultivated, there is ,
No Wonder His Wife Loved HIm. that fasting during the long intervals: press the little more jelly in the fruit than there '

The dear little wife had spent. between supper and breakfast, and is fat on the ribs of a wild razorback.But .

wearisome day, for the baby had been especially the complete emptiness of button, good guavas with plenty of phosphoric '

fretful and the maid had ,been out. the stomach during sleep,.adds greatly; acid and potash to feed on .
to,the amount of emaciation,sleeplessness we do the rest. make a large amount of delicious jelly ;
Along in the evening, rather later than and general weakness we so often very easily.The thick-meated India .

.usual, the baby, bathed and soothed meet. Physiology teaches that in the SenD few StIles and Sixes guava makes more jelly than the Span-! .t .,-I

into comfort, had fallen asleep{ and body there is a perpetual,disintegrationof For sale ALL by all LOADED Photo.WITH Stock Transparent Dealers. Films. ish.-LmANPHEuslnTimes.Unioil. .
the mother came softly stepping down tissue; sleeping or waking; it is .
therefore believe that the THE EASTMAN COMPANY, .
logical to
sup- Guava Sweet
Pickles. ;
from her chamber the
into parlor,
ply of nourishment should be somewhat Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER,N.Y. ,
where her husband was talking to a continuous. As bodily exerciseis Take one gallon good cider vine-

friend. suspended during sleep, with wear Onions-Some of Their Uses as a gar, three pounds ,brown sugar, two '- 1 f

"Released: at last,,my darling?" said and tear correspondingly diminished, Remedial Agent. four ounces ounces cloves cinnamon, two ounces six of allspice, .
her husband, rising as she enteied while digestion, assimilation and nutritive While the onion stands at a disadvantage to pounds
The small
and until she had taken activity continue usual the guavas. guavas are 1
waiting a seat as among vegetables on accountof for pickling. Have the. fruit well y
before resuming his own. "Let me food furnished during this period adds pronounced and not wholly agree "
washed and the blossom end trimmed
easier chair the more than is destroyed and,increased able odor it is Good
get you an suiting says Housekeeping off stick a few cloves in each
action to the word, "here in the weight and improved general vigor are doubtless one of the most valuableand ; guava. '
Bring vinegar and boil
'window where you can feel the breeze. : the result. healthful products of the gardep. sugar to a r;
add and
Now let the screen be set between All beings except man are governedby This value is not confined to its use carefully spices, drop
your face and the light. I am so glad natural instinct, and every being as an article of diet, since efficiency of can the fruit either inj be; boil, until in tender. They;.. "
'you! can rest awhile!" with a stomach but man eats before onion poultices in cases of 'croup and and sealed put glass or stone San.jars.'" .:
And then the good man, the sweet, sleepand even the human infant,guided similar,diseases are too well known to tightly.-Tropical. '
chivalric gentleman, as scrupulously by the same instinct, drinks frequently need repetition. .The roasted heart of -* :
deferential to his wife as he would day and night, and if its stomach is an onion, placed in the ear as hot as Lime Juice. ti

have been to the stateliest lady in the empty for any prolonged period it it can be borne, will often relieve Take any quantity of ripe limes;
land, went on with the conversation, cries long and loud. Digestion requires cases of earache when other remediesfail roll soft, cut in two and squeeze juiceout

which her entrance for the moment no interval of rest, and if the and an excellent cough syrup is well. Strain through sandfly netting -'-' .
interrupted."I amount,of food during the twenty-four made by Cutting one-half cup of and boil down half; strain and '
saw these roses on the stand by hours is,- in quantity and quality, not minced onions into a cup each bottle well. One teaspoonful x>f juice
the ferry, and they looked so much beyond the physiological limit, it of vinegar and molasses, simmer- and two of sugar to a glass of water '
like those that used to grow under makes no hurtful difference to the ing on the stove half an hour makes a pleasant drink. If iron nails
your sitting-room window in the old stomach how few or how short are the and then straining. A teaspoonful of are put in, it is a good tonic. When f
home that I bought them for you. intervals between eating, but it does this syrup taken' freely will relieve severe mixed ready for drinking the differ
And here is the book which Parsons make a vast difference in the weak and cases of cough and hoarseness.It ence from the imported article is hardly
was talking about the other night.. I emaciated one's welfare to 'have a is claimed that onions, as an article perceptible. Pick up your limes and '
thought you would like to read it; or modicum of food in the stomach' during of food, are excellent blood puri- go to work. It will keep. I have '

If you like, %F11 read it to you whileyolf the, time of sleep, that, instead of fiers, greatly improving the complexion tasted some a year old that was as,
sew." being_ nsuIeda bodily! action,_it and of course, entirely harmless.As good as new.-Tropical Sun. .
The though tfulness-: which makes may during the interval a improve the a nervine, they are very beneficial, ... '\ .
the husband pay these lover-like at- lowered system.I either cooked or raw, and, if eaten in Baked Guavas. -'
tentions, just as he did in thecourting am fully satisfied that were the the natural state, the addition of a lit- .
days, goes far to fill the wife's heart weakly the emaciated and'the sleep. tle salt or pepper makes them more Keep the skins on, core them with
with happiness, far toward keeping less to nightly take a light lunch or palatable. The large, imported varietyare an apple corer, set them in a rather,
her young and fair. Life has too meal of simple, nutritious food before much less pungent and disagreeable deep pan, then push to the bottom a
much prose about it for many a woman going to bed for a prolonged period to the taste than the smaller na- small piece of the core and fill up the
who finds herself tied down during nine in ten of them would thereby be tive growth, but equally efficient in rest of the center with sugar. Put a
.child-nursing years to an apparent lifted into a better standard of health; remedial action. little water in the'pan and bakeas you '
never-ending routine of small duties on the contrary, persons that are too a would apples.-Tropical Sun.SCROFULA..

which make no show. An appreci- stout or plethoric should follow an opposite Guava Jelly. .
ative husband who does not reserve course.-New York Medical Wash the ripe fruit, cut off the
his tributes of love and admiration for Journal.[ sateen .with the little husks adhering,
great occasions, who is tenderly sym .--... which are decayed wood cells; also .
pathetic when the ordinary affairs of Some Applications of Hot Water. the stem and calyx; then slice and put

life and the household are the only ones Headache almost always yields to in a porcelain kettle, covering with eczema,
. in question, deserves to be held in the simultaneous application of hot water; bring to a brisk boil, after tetter boils *
honor., water to the feet and back of the neck.A adding a little water; then put into a '. .
The little courtesies -must not, of towel folded, dipped in hot water bag of double thickness of cheeseclothand ulcers, sores,

course, be all side. In the.true wrung out rapidly and applied to the drain for from five to tenminu'tes. rheumatism, and '
}home they never are. John's comfortis stomach acts like magic. in cases of To one pint of juice add '
paramount with John's wife she colir.. three quarters of a pound of granu. : catarrh cured ,
knows the dishes he prefers, she in- There is nothing, that so promptlycuts lated sugar, if you wish the jelly for by taking '
vites the friends he likes, she arrangesthe short congestion of the lungs, use within 'six months for meats; if
home routine with an eye ,to his sore throat or rheumatism as hot water you wish it to keep for years add a AVER'S '
comfort. If her duties are of a kindto when applied promptly and thor- little_ more sugar. .
,take a good deal out of her in vitality oughly. Put it back over the stove in a por-
and freshness, his: in,the compe- ..A towel folded several times and celain kettle and boil so rapidly that Sarsaparilla
titions of business, are not less dipped in hot water and quickly wrungout the syrup will fairly wallop. It will .
exacting.She and applied over the toothache or be ready to pour into the cups in from It .

owes it to him to slip on a clean neuralgia.;will generally afford prompt twenty to twenty-five minutes. The purifies '
gown, to "pick'up" the disorderly relief.A quicker[ you do it the less chemical ,
room, that his early home coming may I strip of flannel or napkin folded change will take place in the fruit vitalizes, invigorates .:
be a festival. In the dewy ministry lengthwise and dipped in hot water juices and the lighter and clearer will and enriches J7.' .
of small daily attentions, true love and wrung out, and then' applied be your jelly. '. .
thrives and grows.-Christian' Union. around the neck of a child that has I-have seen tons of it made where thb_ blodd.
the will sometimes bring reliefin five to eight bushels of were
--- f --- ,croup guavas
LADIES' ten minutes. put in a copper kettle at a time, and Has Cured Otherswill .. ; -
Xtedlng. tonic ing up.or children should take who vast_bond. Hot water taken freely half an hour in thirty minutes from the time .
BROWN'S-1MON BITTERS.. before bedtime is helpful i in constipation. the guavas were put in the kettle the \ cure you. .... ; ..
It la pleasant! to take cures Malaria IncH. ,
Zed, Biliousness and Liver Complaint:,:,. :0.. _<:#' jelly was in buckets. (' .
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S ORGAN{ OF ThE{ STATE FAMS<< 1II1I1IIijCE{ mil{ ) IllJSTRIAIt Uf11O1. -


;. '..VOL." V. "Agriculture is the_ Basis of Wealth. .. No. 43..

TOM. ... ,.SAWYER--: .' Staff Contributor. as a gate'fastener and gives rise to levity and LaFayette counties to make THE, ORIGIN OP THE PEOPLES' .
and other contagious diseases amongst every family in Florida reasonably PARTY .
State,Alliance Meeting. young men. I dislike to have the happy. They are going to get a railroad .
A. circular letter from President R. hogs getinto my potato patch without' to: cuss at in those counties ere long And the Forthooininfir Meetings
F. Rogers gives notice that the Farm my permission, but that is one of the and then those good people, can ship of the NJ; P. A. and I. U.
incidents of farm-life and poor gate peaches and pay as heavy freights as and 0. of I. O's.
ers' State Alliance of Florida will l convene '
: fasteners. anybody-not even excepting. Bro. What is known as the Third Partyor
in annual session at Dade City, We have some chickens also at Bel- Dudley yI /. the Peoples' Party took its rise in .

in Pasco county, on Tuesday, the 20th haven. 'They are awful 'vexatious expect that I have the most fearful the following manner (see note):
day of October, 1891, at n a.-m. and when my luckless garden gate and wonderful piece of mechanism in At the last meeting of the National
"fl'. .' The F. C. & P., the South Florida happens to be left uncruppered' they ; the State in the shape of a cornsheller.For Farmers' Alliance and Industrial
go in and destroy all my hopes of! exercise it is worth more than 'a Union at Ocala in December last,
and the T., & K. W railroads ,will
J. ,. vegetables. It is my hopes they destroy stump-puller or a health-lift and it delegates and members from Kansas
sell round trip tickets for one fare., not the vegetables. It is hardto makes more noise, than three pigs in a and Dakota came there flushed with
destroy a thing that is not. Our crack, but for shelling corn,. which it victory. They had completely routed
Farm Statistics No. 2. .'$ main leading rooster is a mighty old is intended for, it is not a brilliant suc the politicians of both the Democraticand
These delicious September' days are fellow named Jumbo. He roosts on cess. I shelled a bushel of corn on it ,Republican parties.
enough to make a man want to live the grindstone and crows like a fog this morning and expended about six This victorious force, immediately
about five hundred years. There is a horn. He eats more than a hog and tons of energy in the attempt. If its arrival l at Ocala, began to
dolce nitntt suavitcr,.in modo ad Tom Hind and Brother Adams upon
far when he runs around the house it really unite and "sigh for more worlds to
captandwn vulgus sort of dream all sounds like a cow running. .1 point need exercise I would recommend this They had with th m a
day and half the night condition of with pride to that rooster and I intendto cornsheller of mine. It gets choked conquer. enthusiastic friends, who
great many
atmosphere that appeals to my innermost lend him to the Standard to use occasionally.Did were not delegates and of them
soul and makes me pull off my with, the election returns next year if anybody ever hear of an apricottree not even members of the many Alliance.
coat and go to work a half dozen the lightning don't strike him as it bearing fruit as far south as Ocala?
.. times a day The Latin and stuff did Major Campbell's cow. My I have two very pretty trees but they These enthusiastic people got to-
thrown in above are merely in honorof mother used to have*a Brahmapootrarooster take it out in good looks and I also. gether and drew up a petition calling
the weather which back have 'Mariano that for a conference to be held in Cincinnati
brings tot that could peck corn off the some trees .
me the old Falernian days when roof of tne.. house, and father used. to 0 outgrow anything on the farm, exceptthe on February 22, 1891.;
Horatius Flaccus and Tom Sawyer use him to wake up the negroes in the baby, yet they are slow about fruit- This petition at first afterwards large
.used to dine with Maecenas and Major early morning instead of getting up in ing.I. number of signatures. But
Campbell on the Sabine farm, discuss. the cold and blowing a horn. It's a need a good 'possum dog now andI the feeling changed. The. delegatesfrom .
ing the vintage of 31 B. C. and swop solemn fact I'm telling you now, and I don't( care three straws about his the South said: "Your peoplein
ping anecdotes about the civil war.I have no doubt there are plenty of old pedigree, which is a good thing when the North and. West may be ableto
say I love this kind of weather and Mississippi boys who used to shew you go to sell a horse but it won't catch indulge in independent political
am willing to spend 100 the the chickens out of the garden; in 'possums. The varmints worry my action. But here in the South we are
of it. chickens and disturb the rooster's different. We have had only two
enjoyment about 1858 who can recollect just sucha big
Yes, the, Alliance is having some chicken. I am six feet and two slumbers so that he disturbs mine. I years of education upon these points
nice weather in Florida just < now. inches tall and I verily believe that I met a 'poss m in the road a few even among. our people; besides we have
The.hogs got into my potato patch grew so tall from trying to outgrowold ings ago but it escaped into some dense powerful partisan feelings to third overcome.
this afternoon and made me a little Brahmapootra. They used to bushes, then the next day I met a To force this question a party
hot in the collar running them out measure me by that rooster. *Since I polecat. I let it escape, too. I always would be both .mischievous and use-
but then they were my hogs and have quit lecturing to the Alliance I let polecats escape unless I have less.but put it off twelve months" After and
t' needed the had do with I also killed the matter will be far different.
potatoes. If they must something for a living, so my gun me.
been my neighbor's hogs my name with Bro. Amsden's permission I two very. large rattlesnakes at the this a more thoughtful considerationwas
would have been erased from ,the i think I will go into chickens for profit. edge of my yard. I fully understand given to the subject. The cooler
,church .register on account of bad' Lots of them went into me dur killjng these reptiles, for I used to heads in the Alliance took a
left the the for leisure time in themin survey over the whole field, and their
language. Somebody gate ing past summer pleasure. spend my killing .
uncrtippered. After studying and I also have some borers in my Texas and have large experience.I more prudent counsels prevailed.Then
expounding Art. VIII of'the Alliance peach trees which I am doctoring ,with hope none of the readers of this came a request from the Kan-
.catechism I concluded that it wouldbe tobacco stems. I know that a tobacco paper will allow their souls to be vexed sas Citizens' Alliance that the farm-
a paying investment to adorn and poultice is good for lockjaw and may about the disjointed arrangement of ers would broaden their platformand
beautify my home and render farm. be it is good for worms also. Some these "Farm Statistics," since every take in the dwellers in towns and
life more attractive, so I began with years ago I' let a fruit tree 'man sure-enough farmer knows that things cities of 'different occupations who
my yard gate which was fastened with wheedle me into buying 1,000 peach happen just as they happen on an were in sympathy with the farmers'
,a wooden button, the'same being en., treesIf I had bought only too I average farm and Belhaven is not aims. This the farmers declined to
f tirely unreliable. My harness had an would have plenty of fruit now-as it above the average. Like my friend do. But a committee was appointedy
n appendage called a crupper which was is I have worms. The fruit tree man the Major, I have to digress once ina the Alliance to confer with the
really*more ornamental thin: useful, is dead now. When I came'here there. while to keep from forgetting some-, Kansas Citizens' Alliance, and it was
,hence I cut it off and nailed it to the were nine large trees which seemed to thing, and it is always the most inter then decided that another organizationshould
post so that the loop of the. crupper say: "Feed us and we will feed you." I esting. matters that are forgotten. be formed to be called the
.could hang over"the first picket of'the I fed them and encouraged them by i TOM SAWYER.Mr. National Citizens' Alliance that was to
gate. It is really ornamental and is every lawful means until they went to occupy the position in the towns and
also handy as a potato rake. While it work and bore the biggest crop of Serge :Malyvan, our popular cities that the Alliance did in the
used to merely adorn the tail :of old peaches I ever saw. We did have the chemist, while out prospecting for country.
Jocephalus it now adorns the gate best time you ever heard of, but those phosphate a few days agog discovered Besides the delegates from the Kansas -
.and useful too. think that Tom Jr. fool trees never bore again. One by near Ocala in an old Seminole Indian Citizens' Alliance, delegates were
: left the gate uncruppered, hence the one they turned their faces to the wall cemetery, and! brought to our office received at the Ocala meeting from
villainy about the hogs. I wish I and'slept with their fathers. We.are different specimens of arrow heads, ; the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Associa-

; could get a surenough gate fasteningone always going to do something or have axes, etc. This cemetery consists of: tion, the Knights of Labor and the
-- that would fasten itself. There something next year and I intend to about two acres, which Mr. M. says is : National Colored Alliance. All theseorganizations
are alleged gate latches :that will almost have ,the noblest crop of peaches on as fine phosphate as has yet been discovered. -r ,by their delegates,finally
talk at first but in a few weeks my young trees that ever grew in ten We will have -more to say' agreed'in accepting a report issued by
you need a substitute. The crupper miles of Ocala. I saw enough fine I I of this new.discovery in the near fu:-,1
of the
t Nom.-I take the facts a*to the origia
.:as i not so. bad but is out of its sphere,,peaches rotting on the trees in Taylor ture. Peoples'Party from. The Citiiens'Ali nce.
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i5.1891J -' : : ;

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the Alliance Executive Board which a plan of education for the year, fol on the whole, are conservative body, '
is as follows: .. lowing. but whenr or rather as, the Allianceis RICH FLORIDA lANDS

The Board "gives its sanction! and The alliance instituted as their planof joined to the Confederation, it is but J 1
c call for a meeting to be held about education a lecture bureau or-gan- one body amongst many. And whenat t

February 1891, to be composed ofdelegates ized'into State, district, and county the forthcoming meeting of the
from all organizations- legislative councils. Confederation next February: they

# producers upon a fair, basis of repre- These legislative,councils have done "agree upon the proper method of
{ sentation, for the purpose of a general good work in all the States where the enforcing their demands" the Alliance,.
I ,and thorough conference upon the demands system has been set ,working;,but here the same as the other confederated

of each, and that all may agree in ,Florida, either from lack of meansor bodies, will be bound by clause 7.of
upon a joint set of demands just priorto lack of interest, they have not been the Confederate Constitution, which I

the next national campaign, and instituted, and so,. I fear, Florida is as have quoted before.. Individual members r_ 1u -
agree upon the proper methods of en- little prepared: : to give an intelligentvote or single States may fall out, but
forcing such demands. ,If the peopleby on any of the important ques undoubtedly the great bulk of all these
delegates coming right from them tions coming up for consideration at several bodies will fall.into line together. -

agree that a third party move is necessary the forthcoming meetings as it was Although the members of the allied --. .

.. it need not be {feared." This time last year. The, Cincinnati farmers may outnumber the membersof ..
,Let me draw your special attention meeting took place in February last, the allied labor unions and me-

here to extreme,caution shown in the .as we all know. .,. and apparently. it .enhrely chanics.. these latter, as chiefly town. Farmers Stop and Think.
i wording of this report. It says: "If satisfied us promoters." It has and city dwellers, ,are more ready ana WHY Spend the best years of your
the people by delegates coming right been much talked about and written also more impatient.Mr. I life cultivating the soils of the frozen

from them agree that a third party about, but I fear that instead of its Powderly, the chief of the North and West raising crops on which
move is necessary it need not be having had an educational influence, Knights of Labor, is a strong man anda the freight is often not realized, when '
' feared. It does not say if all the other it has served but to puzzle both friends sensible man, and ,he does his bestto you can buy land from the undersigned,

organizations vote for a third party I and enemies alike. Whether, on the keephis: men in ,check, but he has rich and fertile as any known, lands,
; the Alliance -will do the same, but it I whole, it has done good or harm to not always succeeded. And should and where you can raise a crop that the
cautiously says,'under these conditions"it the Alliance, each one must judge for he,fail and be removed, in all proba- United States Government will pay a '
need not be feared." him: ,or herself. But it certainly has bility a much.more violent man would BOUNTY of$too on each acre. .

No leaders could have donemore to produced a great deal of confusionand take }his place. HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

try and check over-hasty action, nor misapprehension.- The Alliancehas Last year, although the Citizens' the said crop right there in your home .
have'been more careful not to "boss" been blamed on both sides; for Alliance, agreed to ,wait, according to market for $250 per acre. You ask for
what it was not in the least answera- the recommendation of our Alliance the "How" and the "Wherefore."
the Alliance nor could have done
more'to ,try ,.and get the people to ble for, and for what it could neitherhelp" leaders, yet this was their language: Quite right-facts and figures count best.

think and learn and lead in this'move, nor prevent.It "We shall at all times and under all Plant the Land with Sugar Cane. r
themselves. is as well now to turn your at- circumstances, in season and out of .
They by their influence
tention the and formidable nailed mastheadthe TO OLD Farmers and careful

to great I season, keep to our perusers
back the of these
put meeting '
body that in February 1892, will motto that the convention of of papers, the fact that there is now; _
organizations a whole twelvemonth
and then they said if the people really, be ready to face both political parties, February, 1892, must, if it be true to established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
and who will from that time exercisea the best interests of the people, with- St Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale '
desire a third "it need not ,be '
party, ,
feared." vast and ever increasing influence out reservation or evasion, promulgatea news. We are talking to all our
on every social and political questionof third,party and dec1 reVar to the friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
"The unanimous of the
acceptance .the day. knife, and the the hilt,' until cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
of the Alliance Executive
report These are already four l large organ- extermination be the lot of both of pay you a bounty of two tents per pound <'
Board, says The Citizens' Alliance, Izations combined and agreeing on ,them." on the manufactured sugar. The St
"out an end to the possibility of theN _
: one patform or set of demands, and I have found only one person besIdes' Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla., .
F. A. & I. U. attending the
conference the invitation has gone out to all other myself, and__ that, is a_ _woman, who averaged 4,*oo pounds of sugar to the y
in Cincinnati in
February,1891, labor organization, willing to enter seems to realize where this movement, acre, last year, and it will go sooopounds .
and those who pushed the Cincinnati
Into this Confederation join in in the hands of all these, organizationsof this year.METHODS .
meeting so knowing that the Na-
tional Alliance could not attend or this platform violent and often desperate men, ? This isn't the only big '1

sanction it." The, several organiza I don't think the public at all realizes is precipitating us. chance of your life, however. The 4
tions before mentioned, met afterwardsat the tremendous force which is I have tried to give you an expla cultivation of.rice: lands about Kissimmee -
Washington, adopting the name of gathering together all bent on enforcing nation of what is now called the is to become an assured, profitable
The Confederation of Industrial Or the F. A. Demands. People's Party, and also what such a tact. There is no richer or better
ganizations. This body elected Mr. The Cincinnati meeting made; a stir party may become in the near future. truck and market-garden lands in the
Ben Terrell as their President. not only in America but in Europe, No one here and no one eliewhere world than the land on the rich over-
and that meeting' took in only the out- neither individuals nor parties-can flow, or bottom lands: about Kissimmee. -
They agreed as to the basis upon side fringe of these powerful organiza prevent this movement of the populaca. Write, for confirmation, to Col. '
which they should meet and work to tions the But all if they choose and are ,
only, impatient stragglersfrom may, A. K. McClure, editor PhUadelphi
gether. each body. Judge, then, what wise, before it is too late, use their Times who has personal knowledge.Then .
They all agreed that the Confederaon will be the force when the whole Con best efforts and take the best means to in lands for orange groves, or
should adopt the St Louis and federation becomes welded togetherInto guide it into comparatively safe chan- groves already cultivated or bearing,

Ocala platform But the most impor- one compact body. nels. I will conclude with President I[ can satisfy you that your best interests .
tant agreement is contained in clause. I Some misinformed people have asserted Polk's recent words. He says: "I am lie in seeing me before any one else.

7, as follows: I that the third or people's party tired of this thing of being bulldozed. I BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness
"When plans are agreed upon by had adopted a woman's suffrage plank. want to say to the leaders of the( two I -
the.joint committee on confederation They have not, done so-:neither has parties that we are going to have jus- and beauty of Kissimmeehave
fer' mutual co-operation, such organization : the Confederation, unfortunately for tice in this country and don't you forget never been questioned. No-
shall be bound to support the Confederation and unfortunatelyfor i1." diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia 3
such plans fully.and cheerfully.." -in fact, read our medical
America.I If it is necessary, and you force it
One addition to the F. A. platformwas say unfortunately for America, upon them to secure these rights-if report lots suitable Beautiful for residences.cottages, villas Write or

added ta an adjourned meeting of because there are. strong, rough, masculine you force it upon them, I tell you here and
the Confederation which 1 copy: elements coming together- and now, you are standing on a volcano for terms particulars.

"Resolved, That this confederation radical, socialistic and anarchistic- that will blow you to atoms in a COME SOUTH, And get untold ,
.f Industrial Organizations demand which will require the most conserva- moment. quantities of the grandest climate in
that in each State a system shall be tive element to keep them in check. We are not going to run off into a the world free with each acre of ground
provided and faithfully executed that And*women are the most conservative third party unless we are driven to it, purchased. Come where you can till
will insure an l honest and accurate element that any nation holds. but we are human beings and we can't the soil twelve months in the year.

registration of all voters, a free, fair, John Stuart, Mill called the conser- stand everything., .. At least write to me for full particulars.

secret and official ballot, and an hon.est vative party "the drag on the wheelsof E. M. KING, WM. CANNON, ..

public count; and w -demand that progress." And I tell you, my Lecturer- for Putnam, County. ,Kissimmec, Flo.Agent ,..
each State legislature shall make it a friends, you had'better apply the best t for the for Associated the lands of Railways the Dlsston lands Companies,and tae,

fcjony for any Improper interferance drags you can get hold of to fasten to Hereford's Aoid Phosphate, lands of Kissimmee Land Co
rice track:
cane, ,
with the confederate For Indigestion, Phosphate sugar
exercise! of the registration, the wheels of this huge ,fruit, grazing, timber, general farming,#
ballot or count." coach,lest it dash us all over into the Dyspepsia, and diseases incident and home lands. Send'kewiac.

The.Confederation. .d also upon precipice of revolution. The farmers, thereto. ., t lands. '. _
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,. NATIONAL BANKS. ANSWER-L do,not see how a ma- surely as to the millionaire. Thus we of $ ;
jority of the American citizens can see a great part of the people are cash.
All Classes Buy Shares in Them. profitably engage in banking of any direct beneficiaries of the National our cash
Editor Alliance Department: kind as a chief business. Like shoe banking system.. a certain

.' In the September 24th issue :Professor making, cabbage-growing or trade, the I have before me the report of the terest (
Borden asks me some direct and number who can profitably engage Massachusetts Commissioners of Savings -' United )
comprehensive questions and hopesfor therein must be limited by the capac- Banks for the,year 1890, a vol. and take
candid answers. I know no man ity of their customers to patronizethem. ume of 745 pages.I Then ,we
in Florida whom I can take more find that the Winchendon Savings with the
pleasure in accommodating than Bro. A careful investigation as to who bank has invested some of the little States.
.Borden, for 'my long acquaintance are "beneficiaries" of National banks savings its depositors as follows : allow us
makes me look on him as a man of shows their number; to be much larger amount of
{ stem integrity, high intelligence andS than is usually supposed. re. so
liberal education, whose first.impulse Here is one instance to illustrate: .. N ;0 We will know the right and whose next Mr$ native place, Winchendon, Mass., l! impulse is to do it From sucha, man is a little town of about 4,400 inhabitants --n printed as

questions can have .but one purpose, whose agricultural interests are National Hall National Bank,Bank Boston, Boston.....1panuei1 48 67 $ 6,700 4,800Elliott must
and the recognition of that purpose secondary to the manufacturing. It Fitchburg National Bank,Fitchburg .10 zoooFirst them for
National Bank Adams. II 1,100
adds to my pleasure in answering so contains a National bank with $20 ; First National Bank,Wlnchendon 195 19,5OO price. To
far as I am able. I do not understandthat 000 capital. The President, when I First National Bank,Boston........ 16 1.600I.eamfuster printing,
National Bank, Leaautinster -
Bro. Borden wants from me any first knew him, was driving team ............. .......:...... 42 4,200 us one per
' argument pro or con on National banksor by the month. The cashier was a Merchants'Natioual.Bank National of Commonwealth Bank, Boston., 100 10,000 they print
Sub-treasury,' but simply a state- farmer boy like myself, and we used to Boston........................... 25 2.soo printed
National Bank of Bo
ment of facts. In this view of his go together to Old Zip Pond fishingfor ton........:....Redemption.... .........:.... 100 10,000 they are not

wishes I will confine my answers so. bullheads if we could get a holi- Roal1stone burg..... National....!.'.....Bank.....,...Fitch....... 9B 9,800 they would \
far as possible to a naked statement of day. These are the officers. Now, other
: such facts as are in my possessionwith let us look and see who are the "ben- $71,200 a lot of

,* possibly some illustrations to eficiaries" of this National bank, or Here we see that the small savingsof buy a
make their bearing more apparent. in plainer words, who are the owners. the people in this one little town must make
From the fact that he has asked these I, can answer- this with considerable have enabled them to become ownersin When one .i
questions in a public way I ,conclude accuracy. I was there three weeks National banks to the amount of Alliance i
he does not do it wholly for his own ago and got a copy of the valuationlist $71,200. The majority of this is in Florida, 1
gratification but that others may share of the town as published the the banks of the great commercialcity this is :
}, m any light I may be'able to shed on assessors. I took it to the town clerk of Boston, where the most of us and W. J.
R the subjects. For this reason I cannot who knows by.sight and can call by have been led to believe the banks are not till
answer as briefly as he suggests, but name every voter in town. He went owned by great capitalists. The laws as money.
a must take time to explain at some over the' list of shareholders and of Massachusetts will not allow any because
length to the many who have had less marked on the margin the occupationof savings bank to receive more than cash }
time or opportunity; this matter each one except a few who were $1,000 from one depositor in the aggregate to pay. a
than he has.QUESTION non residents of the town; and here is and yet :by means of these fail to pay
i-Is the law creatingthe the result which shows how many,and little savings the people of the State himself '

National bank system "class leg who are the owners of this' National own National banks to'. the. amount of lent him. 5:1
islation?" bank: $28,120,754.43. That
The total number of accounts in the /
ANSWER have before vol-
me a
umn of 126 pages entitled the "Na savings banks of the State is $1,029- Then, in
OF WINCHENDON, MASS. and the total of the $50,000
tional Bank Act and other laws relating 694, population
.a to National banks, compiled from the z'z= = S I: iS State only 2,233,407. So you can see and an
Revised Statutes of the United States, S-S o t Ma on nearly half the people of the State holders 1
11 with.amendments and additional acts 1 iM g .g a: :: .... are direct "beneficiaries".of the National makes
compiled under the. direction of the : ; 2.- : ,a. :' 2- banks to an average amount of straight

Comptroller of the Treasury." I have Farmers......... --1---.9 So9$ 80,900$101,1',5 about $28 each, just through the To !
also a volume of thirty-nine Manufacturers.. 24 411 41,100 SI,37S ..i... agency of savings banks. If we in. of some
pages en. Mechanics and ......
titled "Instructions in regard to the laborers...... 20 415 .t,500 SI,875...... elude among the beneficiaries (and we i Bank of
Landladydoctor, ...... should) the families of these depositors me free a
organization, extension and management lawyer, milli ......
of National banks from ner1clerk, ....f. we shall find a large majorityof the blank
same teacher, .. ..
merchant 4 sends the
the of the State
source. peddler, 17 118 n,800 14 people among
Savings banks.. 3 144 1",400 .'-.... such "beneficiaries" instead of a few tickets with
I ,have examined,these books most Unknown,....... 12 103 10,300 ,750... of
rich capitalists as one
and therein .- many suppose.
carefully legislation
125 2000 $200,000 $ $3,825 QUESTION -Is it wise right that Borden$1/
,can possibly be ,called class legis
lation. Under the Heads of farmers, manufacturers any. limited number ot citizens (less' that 'gives
,- and other callings I have than a majority) should receive money so long as
?,'The right to: engage in National Included widows, wives, children and from the government upon paymentof posit in :
banking is open alike to all American heirs alike.It a tax of one per cent. and the balance tional ;
citizens of every class, color, politics, will be seen" by this that the the majority, should be deprivedof printed
,, religion or employment on.equal terms "beneficiaries" of a National bank are the privilege of receiving it at all them from
with equal rights and privileges to all. not of any class, but all who choosecan from the government, and only from value than
There is nothing in these, laws. or avail themselves of this way of the minority at such rate of taxationand the First
amendments or instructions to prevent increasing their capital, if it $100.00 upon such terms as the minoritymay but the =
yourself, Brother Baskin, Brother or more. And we see that farmers dictate? cers make.
Vason, Brother Hind and me from seem to have no conscientious scru ANSWER-This question seems to named,
owning a If we (the pIes against such an investment, for be based upon the assumption that enough of
:f law requires at least Jive) think Na in this bank forty-nine of them own National banks do receive money from QUESTION
tional banking more pleasant and more over two-fifths -of the whole, amount the 'government upon the payment ofa this small
profitable than our present business,, and nearly double any other calling.If tax of one per cent. the money
the law does not stand in our way. any man's capital does not The assumption is incorrect, for the all labor
; We five have abundant means to establish amount to $100, he can deposit it in a fact is that National banks do not re will?"
," a National] bank, and if we savings bank where many small deposits ceive any money at all from the gov. ANSWER.;
do'not go out of our present business, will be .c mbined and investedin ernment with or without a tax of one of money
;, and own a National bank all by our- National banks or other ways as per,cent. The government receives 1891, only
selves]it is because we do not choose to the management deem best. You will money from the banks instead of the tional bank
avail ourselves of the rights conferredon see from the above that $14,400 of banks from, the government. I will I I per
us by the law. these little savings of farmers, sewing try to make this plain.If I do not

QUESTION 2-Can.a majority of the girls, laborers, children, teachers, etc., you, Baskin, Vason, Hind andI great power
American citizens engage in and be are used to buy bank stock and the I decide to own a National bankwe QUESTION
come beneficiaries of this law? profit of the bank goes to these ass must subscribe stock to the amount all financial
t .

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twenty-five years has had a tendencyto [Continued from page 824.] quantity. of fruit had been sent to the fident I shall succeed in getting a very .

increase the auction to supply them all. The dealers low rate for all buyers representing. goodfirms. ..
purchasing power: of eignment or to. the forwarding through
do not want to buy at the grove, and are ;
money and decrease th e price of labor?" agencies and distribution from northern only induced to do it by the dispropor The excursion will be made'through 4

ANSWER.-As a whole the purchasing centers' plan, is to SELL AT HOME. tionately low prices at which the fruit the efforts of the "Home Market" act- '?I

power of money has, as you,say, Where any crop reaches sufficient proportions can be had there. It involves expensive ing through the Orange Growers and J
to render it commercially important t
agents, is attended with risk and annoyance Dealers'Protective Association,members
greatly to the
or, express its sale and distribution speedily 1
they take many chances as to the of which are in every center. Right here ;
same fact in other words, nearly every falls under the laws of trade. fruit. the packing, the markets, the men I wish to say it is not proposed to limit ,

thing we buy is cheaper than ever be- Supply and demand and commercial they deal with and the movements of the delegates to members of this organization II

fore. And, what is still better, it is a competition necessitate a market in every their competitors, (all of which the ,but all good firms wilt be invited. J

fact that wages for nearly all kinds;of producing territory where the crop market is of grower pays). This meeting will not only correct the
sufficient importance to have a The dealer does not object to a good heavy crop scare but will bring together
labor all United
over the : States are value. Where,among all the established price if he is protected in it as he is in the for the first time the grower and dealer

.M decidedly higher than ever before. agricultural and horticultural productsof auction, where the fruit is before him whose interests are identical.-MANAGER ., ;

Possibly we may be obliged to.make this, or any other country, have we and he knows its quality, condition and MANN in New York Fruit Trade Journal ;

an exception of a short time in war an exception? The tiller:.of the soil who relative worth; he can afford to pay more for Oct. 7th.Hdw .
times when sends his crop himself, or through any for fruit about which there is no uncer- .
wages' were nominally thousand miles to marketat
{ agency, a tainty; he does not fear competition, as It Effeots the Trade.To ,
higher in a depreciated currency.oflow his own risk, takes chances in a lottery rival dealers publicly bid against him,

purchasing power. with the odds heavily against him. The and he takes'no chances, as his house show how the "Big Crop"estimatefor

It is a fact that clothing, boots and State that has no market within its bor- keeps him advised as to the price theycan the present season has influenced
ders for its own productions must remain afford to dealers and what deductions they draw
4 shoes nails hardware iron steel
Y the from
(commercially) tributary. from it we quote following a Ifl.
glass; crockery, sugar, salt tinware, Sales at home mean market value cash HOW IT WORKED LAST YEAR. recent article on the situation by Mr. ,1

T farming utensils'of every: description, in.hand to the grower, and leaves transportation -- Of the vast amount of fruit sold by the Elsdeu A. Morris, a fruit merchant well ,

and manufactured goods of all kinds distribution etc., where, they "Home Market" last season, very little known in the State:
belong, to "the trade,"which is equippedfor "The magnet attracting the country, ,
were never so cheap before, and never went to ,New York, Boston Philadel-
before would a day's labor ,purchaseso dealing; with such questions. phiayet; at every sale buyers were present 1 from the trade.standpoint, is the probably .
from the-best houses in those cities but unprecedented crop. Estimates as
much of the necessities, comforts said to the quantity vary from 2,800,000 of "
they could not buy, as prices were -
t and luxuries of life in America as at. It is conceded that selling at home is greater here on same fruit than in,their my friend ,Mann.,to as high as 4,500,000
the only desirable or feasible pIan'of,disposing '
the time.I markets. Yet certain home by others and 'time alone will tell; how .
present a :; company
of What is the best
have here answered our oranges. sent the larger portion of all they handledto ever, these are from Floridians, who estimated -
your:questions kind of home market? Unquestionably last season's crop from 1,500,000 :
National banks and the fruit the natural these points and most of the consignments '
on as candidly massing at basing -on this account we should take a liberal t I .
went the induced
or distributing point (Jacksonville) and, some way, by 1
limited will
correctly as my ,ability fictitious quotations. All must see that view of it.
it. I have answered, and ,selling it at auction.In The inference is that the present crop :
p'ern so fully, such fruit was sold at a loss as comparedwith
auction is
every package inspectedby will run from,5,000,000 to 7,000,000 boxes. j
taken so much space that I am sure sample, and every bidder< forms his prices at home.

the,editor nor the public will listen estimate of the highest value of the same .. 1 '

with patience to a dissertation on the for use in his section, being governed by RESTORINGCONFIDENCE.. i' Some people think the large crop of
other fruits did reduce the consumptionof
latest advices from his house. The system -
threadbare Sub theme. Ifwhat
feeds or supplies a demand, and always The Buyers to Visit the State. oranges. My opinion is when one 1 I
I have written will of
give any the highest demand. The section wants an orange he buys it and does not
the of the DISPATCH clear The Florida growers are a unit in desiring and as a substitute. .
readers any bare of fruit can and'will pay the high- go get grapes or pears .
to sell their fruit within the"State
idea of the of National In If oranges were unreasonably high, one'
cr workings .the est price, and so gets the fruit. this either the tree the
at or at nearest depot,
them accountof
desire to eat on
bank and who them way the wants of every section are sup- may yet
system, own I or, at some central point in the State price not feel able to do so. Yet when 1
plied means a perfect and profitable
shall be well paid. where buyers congregate, and
distribution of our may representing oranges are placed at a reasonable price ,:
DUDLEY' ADAMS. Shall we sell crop. all portions of the country in all who have a desire will satisfy it.-- ,
'Tangerine, P1*., Oct. 3, i8gc. rivalry buy at auction as much fruit as MANAGER MANN in N. Y. Fruit Trade ':
AT THE GROVE OR AT AUCTION? will supply the section they represent.The Journal. '

His Bill was Red Hot. Shall each man go for himself, Belling Home Market, after years of hard HO-.
,Two Scotchmen, one well known for what he can get, or shall we mass the struggle against consignment,last season In our auction rooms "representatives \\1
fruit and let the buyentp blicljcompete'for witnessed a sale of over three-quarters of every market compete in rivalry for i
here Indian river
how boast-
on were the entire"crop at home. Our growers i.. I
it and get the highest price at which the fruit. Were such competition possible
ing about their indifference to the bites any part of the country can use it? No were greatly pleased, as the crop, as a at the grove, would not a sale at the '

of mosquitoes. The dispute got swarm grower can possibly be posted as to the whole, brought about double the returnsof best possible price be certain? But it is t

that Allister bet Mac a box of markets or the full value of his fruit. any former crop.Unfortunately not possible; the grower is Jimited to the I

good cigars that he "was the better The buyer who comes to him is posted this system is opposedby few buyers who come his way; he must < I
and will only buy in case he gets a bar- a home organization which solicits accept their offers or lose the sale., .
man. Both were"to lie down' on the gain.It consignments. hrough them to be distributed Hence the advantage of"Home Market. w,, :

verandah, in funs tiaturalibus. Smoking encouraging to have the buyers to th !rarious centres. Now,as over sales at grove.Consignments i :

and drinking were permissible, but here, but will we not fail of our objectto they handle t j ?considerable ij i *v fruit,* they .. -. .- ., ,,.
obtain full value for the fruit if do were able to add to the purchased fruitgoing
the first man to complain of the bites we compel the producer to ,
to any centre enough to a
uniform method of
was to ,lose. For a long time each not adopt a classify- often causing heavy loss to our take not what his stuff bro't but just what ;1
i and and of sales .
lag packing, a system glut
endured the onslaught of the famous which will place the fruit in competionfor which, we fear, will cause themto the: consignee is willing to give. Selling

Indian.river bloodsuckers; but at last the highest price the best market can hesitate about buying this year. Thus, at home means to get full market value with .
our home organization has done the busi- for your goods before ,you part
Mac could stand it no longer. He offer? ness a great mjurv. The effect, we fear, them. One is business the other is not.
That the to Florida before
turned ov, r"J; preparatory to capitulating the buyers came broken wiU be most felt In the handling of the e .
commission finally
system was ,
l and noticed that Allister's back
down is unquestionably due .m great present
for Oranges sold by""Home Market"at
Florida has suffered the
was. toward him. Mac was smokinga measure .to the indefatigable efforts of years* by .
cigar and carefully removing the ash the founder and present manager of the circulation of false reports, and we have
about got used to it; but heretofore those Auction in 'Jacksonville will be
he applied the end to Allister's back. Home Market Orange Auction company.He who circulated the damaging matter were

"Eh, mon," yelled, Allister, "that the visited country in person, and so the successful orange dealersof were foreign to us every way, and we coineda remitted for within twenty-four '.

was the hull of a gallinipper." his efforts that, notwithstanding the risk word by which we called them." They '

"Ye'll send me the box.of cigars in attendant upon such a movement in the were called "calamity liars. from We were such hours after- sale. -..,'.I
remark lace of commission trade, so prepared expect anything ;
a large
morning, was ,the only people. Yet it'has: been reserved for our

Mac, who tumbled into his clothes as many Auction buyers was came that the to Home supply Market them, own people to do us greatest injury by Upon shipments forwarded,fe"

quickly as possible.-EaSt Coast Mes and they visited inadequate all parts of the State the estimate of the present crop.whichis
made nearly double what it will be. Europe or elsewhere an advanceof
senger. buying the bulk of the
._ crop. afraid to investin
While the Home Market has receIvedfrom Consequently buyers are .
the outside patronase'sufficient to any crop the amount of which is likelyto one dollar per box will be .
: so far exceed the demand. To correct '
firm basis and has
establish it upon a
grown steadily, its last season's business this false estimate of crop my present made by the Orange ,and Vegetable .
is due
IuttsPi1IiI aggregating double that of previous sea- trip more anythingelse. .
it received And I am glad to state I think I
sons combined, has never
Auction to ship
Company .
that dealers ,
fruit enough for its patrons- have matters .so arranged :
will be able to know the exact amount
I CUBE'CONSTIPATION. MORE FRUIT MEANS BETTER'PRICES. and condition of tho crop as never be- pers when desired. Only first-

-' 'Our growers have not heretofore,realized before, and will go through the season .
eIoy....uli..o.liI ...y._ that immense quantities of fruit with a confidence based upon? their own class fruit in. good condition can

..Reflation. ,The evils* ,ever. twenty mental. .fear.... could be disposed of In Jacksonville at estimate. This would require a visit of be used for such shipments and
y resnltlHjp from : even,better prices than have been obtained the dealers to Florida about the first of ..
for what has been sold. The November, and a trip over the orange
HABITUAL CONSTIPATION.mas7asd *., greater the amount of fruit, the greater belt stopping off at various, central 20,000 boxes of oranges of this,

....loa.. Fer the ears the number of buyers, the stronger the points, viz.: Palatka,Sanford or Orlando, .
,...... JBHIVB trouble popularity,Tntt' litre*,, competition and the result ,is better Tampa, Leesburg and Ocala,with amass kind are wanted NOW for the .
i hare gained A espy '
.d.' Elegantly.B.areeate prices.:.:, The buyers would never have meeting of growers at each: stop and a trade. -. Y, .= "'"* {
.SGLDSVBfcYWHE&S. gone beyond Jacksonville if a sufficient ramble through the groves. I feel con- European ,


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.. 1:. .838... _, ,THE, FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER ANDFRUIT-GROWER., rOcroBER 15,1891. .

By far the largest operator in turpen- only for a small part oft'year, while MR. COOPER'S BTJTTEB.
a,j) gtkte J'ei! tSi tine in this section of the State is the Taro will give us a perennial sup-
Senator Walter A. Dr ke. As far as ply. There are hundreds of acres It is Analyzed and Pronounced

: 'we'can learn he is making up the gum of naturally rich, moist land suited to Pure and: Good.
?' Mr. Ben Shepard, who lives about from about 100,000 trees. The distilling its growth. The yield of edible bulbsis Mr. Wm. Cooper makes and market
seven miles west of town, made this and barreling is.all done at his certainly sufficient to warrant its extended perhaps more butter than any other*

year, on five acres of land, 2,956, home, at Margaretta, about five miles culture. The writer dug froma one dairyman in the Tallahassee district
pounds of tobacco, for which he received west of here. Some specimens we single hill in his patch a few weeks Some time ago something was
last Tuesday, $960.70 in cash. have seen of his resin' are beautifuland ago eighteen pounds of bulbs that said about the possibility of this butter
.' If tobacco does not pay we should like we do not believe can be excelledin were in condition for the table,. while not being pure, it being held by sonic

,'/'. to know what kind of a crop will pay. } any turpentine growing country. there were five or six sprouted ones to that the butter yield was too large for
/ -QuIncy Herald. Macclenny Sentinel.We be replanted. the number of cows milked. To satisfy .

I R. B. Canova has left are glad in this connection to the doubting ones Dr. A. J. Pollock,
,. Maj. a sample Capt. L. Vogel, of Jacksonville, deputy collector of revenue, made k
of this, office be able to mention an enterprise
Japan persimmons: at tells the pineapple growers of Indian personal visit to Mr. Cooper's farm :
E which is head of anything to which will put an end to this manner
a seen River that pineapples, ;.shipped with and obtained there samples of the bat
date. The cluster had five of shipping, that of cold A
originally stems left an inch to an inch and a ter. The subjoined letter from him to ..
persimmons, but, being too heavy for strong company has been organizedat half long, instead of being broken off : Mr. Cooper'fully explains itself. The
the limb them two broke off. Punta Gorda which is now erecting
f close to the plant, will last and keep letter is follows
The three remaining weighed fifty ample cold storage facilities at both good from one to two months, whilst as : 9
ounces, or a fraction more than a that place and Key West. The beef without stems,they often rot in three United States Internal Revenue .
pound each. In circumference each will be killed and frozen at Punta days. The Captain superintends the Deputy Collector's Office, District of'

measured a little more than twelve Gorda, then shipped by steamer to Clyde Line dock in Jacksonville, and Florida.

inches. .The fruit was grown: by Mr. Key West, and there again put in his experience in the shipment of trop- MILTON, Sept., 29th,. 1891.
William Taylor at his place at Pico. old storage without having been allowed cal fruits extends '
nearly forty years-. Wm. Cooper, Esq., (near) Tallahcuito.
to thaw in transit. There it
lata, across the river from Green Titusville Advocate.
Cove.-Green Cove Spring. will be sold to the butchers, who in SIR-I am pleased to be able to ia-
turn will sell it still as originally frozento Here is another farmer who is giv- form you that the sample butter (of
D. W. Prescott presented this office their customers. The companywill ing practical illusiration to the fact yours) .that I on the i5th inst., or-
.. with a bunch of potatoes,about peck, soon be ready to commence'opera that an industrious man can make an warded to Han. D. Eagan, Collector, a
'. taken from one vine thr months old tions. Then Key West:will have the honest and ample living from Florida Jacksonville, for analysis, wii
and grown on flatwoods land. "Dan"is finest of meat.-Florida Gazetteer. soil. He is Wm. P. Bell, whose farmis promptly received, and carefully examined
a rattling good farmer, and is con a few miles northwest of Wildwood.He and pronounced-"pure bat
tinually demonstrating the fact that James H. Compton, a live and pro has two of the biggest barns in ter." The butter detained, and left

there is not only a good, living, but gressive truck farmer of Clermont, Sumter county and both are packed in your charge, pending the examination -
'' good to be made the judicious was in town Saturday and brightenedthis is hereby released.
money by full of corn raised by him this year.
cultivator of the soil in this office with a call. During conversation best wishes for
county. Besides this, he has plenty of other With your cutlet
.. He will get four hundred bushels of he stated that Clermont provender, such as hay and fodder, success and happiness, I have the
t potatoes per acre from his field which the past season had shipped in round and his cows, horses and hogs are honor to be, dear sir, very respectfully,
$200. How is this for pine numbers 55,000 crates of vegetables, Your obedient servant
I means sleek and fat. One pig a little over a ,
land farming? He plants the Golden on which the average freight rate was year old will net 250 pounds. Re- A. J. POLLOCK, '

; Pacific, variety.-Orlando Reporter.Mrs. $33,000 60 cents which per crate the,transportation making a total lines of cently Mr. Bell refused $700 for the Deputy Collector.

Ely has a sea bean in bloom;; got from the enterprising people of oranges on a half-acre grove. Some The butter detained, mention of
one of the round, gray kind. The Clermont on account. of years ago he experimented in market which, is made in the foregoing letter.,
vegetablesalone. ------ -- ------- -- ----
plant is full of spikes of buds from The freight on the truck gardening, but he has quit that now was marketed this week. It was sweet,
four to six inches long, which unfold which*Mr. Compton shipped from and gone back to old fashioned farm sound, and had really improved in

their blossoms from the bottom up by fifteen acres, amounted to $700. This ing.-Leesburger., flavor. This proves that Mr. Cooper*!

a degrees. The flowers are rather small shows that Clermont is a noble placefor "What is opinion of the soil of I butter is of excellent quality and thatit
and yellow, with a fragrance like the gardening, and that it pays to the Disston your reclaimed land is carefully worked and will keep
old fashioned 'flowering'current. The build and run railroads in Florida.-, which the cane is ? upon fresh for a Jong time-:just whatis
plant has numerous, soft spines, is in Leesburger.We "The soil sugar nearly grown approachesthe needed to supply the South Florida
clined trail and the leaves very demand. '
to resem- need to apprecia# more thanwe Cuban soil, where the conditionsfor
ble ,sumach somewhat. Her conversation inci-
In Mr. ,
Queen Cooper
have far done that
so grand orna culture are almost perfect.It .
cactus (night blooming) has been full dentally mentioned that he fed hit
mental caladium rich
plant ( esculentum), is marvelously as black as your
t of flowers the past week, the fifth time cows on syrup and cotton seed. No
f9 the Tanyah or Taro. On most places hat, with vegetable mold from ten to
i if has bloomed this summer.-Mel. wonder the butter
about Lake Worth specimen plants of twelve feet deep, and apparently inex- yield is.large.
bourne mention in Titusville
{ Star. this variety may be found. Its great haustible. Furthermore, it is porous t .

The fish that are now"coming into tropical leaves, beautifully veined, and easily worked. Mr. Thomas, The Liquified 'Extract or Essence' '.
Lake Worth are aVonder to behold. make it attractive object, but its who is in charge of the St Cloud 'plan. of Smoke. .
It is nb unusual thing to see acres of :greater value'lies in the food character tation, tells me that tie will raise his Mr. A. .J. Chase, who is well knownas

them playing around Oak.Lawn wharfso .of its numerous. tender bulbs or tubers. whole- crop with un thirtv-six_u___j ____ mules..y the Cold. Blast Refrigerator_ builder
closely packed as scarcely to admit. We have been told all along that the whereas, in Louisiana.he says one is now the inventor of a scientific pro-
of seeing the sandy bottom. In a calm Taro was a food plant,* but like most hundred and fifty mules would be re cess for obtaining the extract of smoke. '

day, with the seawater clear as crystal, new. things, little interest has_ been quired. The Disstons, I understand, The object of this product is to make .
from two to five feet deep only, they can I. manifested either in its use or culture. have 110,000 acres of such land as a cheap antiseptic pickle for curing
4 be seen as plainly as if they were laid Some persons have tried to raise ft on this drained and active drainage is meats and fish. This extract, when
"out for inspection; every scale, couldbe dry land, or have tried to eat the old still in progress. How much of such used as a curing pickle, permeates every
counted, and their graceful ,movements and sprouted bulbs. As a result one land will be drained and available I tissue of the meat so that it is
followed as they played around. didtft like it and wouldn't grow it. If don't know, but I predict that the practically smoked in most thorough
; They are of many shades and colors, planted upon rich moist soil it grows I only extension,of the sugar interest in : manner during the process of salting.It .
and in size from the mere tiny little rapidly, making a most majestic plant the United States will be right in Flor is found that beef treated in this

speck to' twelve pounders, with occasionally and produces a great abundance of ida." manner' acquires a very sweet taste
a ponderous baracouta, and tender and valuable! bulbs. These, if "How about the healthfulness of. and becomes a perfect substitute for
not infrequently sharks up to'eight or removed before exhaustively 'sprouting these lands?" ham or bacon; and further, if a piece of
ten feet long.. 'Good to eat? Why, "are equal to the best of Irish pota- "The canals of the Disstons insure a fresh meat is cooked in this brine, it
yes. Just look at the snappers; there toes for the table. They are not. to perfect drainage. They are not ditches becomes thoroughly smoked in the
.. are tons of them in sight, as fat, sweet be counted simply as a palatable sub but ,navigable canals, with drawbridgesacross short process of cooking. Mr. Chase
i, and toothsome as epicure need desire. stitute for the potato, but at least its them at places. I noticed there says that the extract from sage smokeis
( "Catch era?" Yes, certainly) We equal, and for us of Lake Worth, was quite a current in them as could most excellent as a spice and pre-
can make a swoop around with Judge where the Taro will continue to set its readily be seen by watching the reeds servative for sausage. The product
Heyser's seventy five yard seine and bulbs twelve months in the year, it is bend with the flowing water. This can be obtained very cheaply and'wifl
!r we could load down a team of horses vastly more important than the potatocan perfect drainage, with the natural soon be on the market at low rates.
with them. 'Take a bait?" To be be. The latter can be grown,here porousness of the soil, insures freedom .
':sure they will,and hook and line, too, only by the most careful culture, and from malaria and kindred sickness." 'r\O YOU NEED PRINTING OP ANY- KIND

if not stout and strong.-Tropical Sun. even then can be had from our gardens -Times-Union. .N louse J Send,Jackson to DaCosU+Wc,Fla.Printing' and, PuldisL.-C." -n.,

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To The' Sea Island Cotton' Growing- Tuesday in November next at n Established 2856.. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.

Belt. o'clock a. m. for the purpose of accomplishing ONE ACRE UNDER ,GLASS. 10'

At a meeting the farmers, held the object' of this association '

in District No. 8, Columbia county, ; throughout the Sea Island cotton FRUITLAND NURSERIES : '

State of Florida, at Mt. Tabor school producing'section. ,

house, an organization was effected Augusta, Georgia.
T. A. Melter has sold
be ,
to known as the Sea Island CottonGrowers'
seven thousand pounds of palmetto We offer for Fall and winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental trees,
Association; each member : Roses, Palms,etc.. suited to Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated In Florida.
pledging himself not to plant more berries so far this season; and has Also a superb stock of Evergreens Camellia Greenhouse plants,eta #T
eleven, thousand pounds in store. His Our products have been tested in Florida for thirty-three years past. Catal ngnes free.
than five acres of Sea Island cotton to
No Address
business has increased from 'a little .Agents. ,
the and that notice of
regular plow a '
this meeting and association be published room in the city market to five housesin P. J. BRRGKMANS

t T East Jacksonville and Gr eley's Aucnistft, Gas
in the several of
newspapers old bank all loaded with medicinal
Columbia county asking the farmers In need of BOOK-KEEPER8, 8TENO.7APHER8 .
roots and herbs, for which he has a or any other office help
I the entire to call meetings j
constant call-TimesUnion.SickHeadache RIISINFW MFN can i be supplied by
and select five delegates to meet in f BRYA & S RATTON\"l'\" l \ s
convention in the
Lake first

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As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export fi good quality and. "
\ bad oranges in good condition in the,foreign markets. .' "
Messrs. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest, best and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of the Liverpool market, that the demand is now so large that 5,000
, boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival. ,
j As one of ,the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a-large importer of fruit from England,'my knowledgo. of the,carrying ability of steamers enable
f me. to select the best to ship by. .
Representing the best firms inLiverpool and Glasgow, and having,my own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send .
i In order to export oranges, shippers can consign their fruit to me to New Y6rk. If on examination it is in condition to forward, -I.will have the same paced on the .
i i beet and fastest steamer,and send a Bill_of lading as evidence of shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New York
! Arm the owner may designate, or sell it myself at auction. ,
' The best steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool l, so that, cable report of sales is received in New York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about the
'' amount of the proceeds is then' sent on account to the shipper, by me. In twenty days from date of shipment from. Florida it is thus possible to have the proceeds in

\ be. hands of the shippers. .
Please note the following fads : :
t Large sizes of oranges, 1128-1268, bring as much as 150's'and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay
i Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New York later than December...
; 2. There'is no demand after the holidays until March 1st. ; 1
( Advances of 75 cents per box on your fruit will be made to such shippers as need money, and.such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached..
Farther. particulars and stencils will be furnished by .
i E. L. GOODSIXI., No. 103 Park Place, '

: No. 15 Phllpot Lane, London, Eng. ..

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To Orange Growers and Farmers : .

The Belleview'Phosphate is the cheapest fertilizer ever offered, because it is the best. It contains at least three times more available plant food than can be.
found in any commercial acidulated fertilizer, and is sold for one-fourth the :price. .
We have the most complete plant in the State for cal, ining and pulverizing the phosphate. ,.
,It is the best because while its benefits:are shown at once, it will outlast all others, and there is no possible danger in its use. It.being a great absorbent- ,
moisture I it is of great value as a mulchant. Itis worth double the price it is sold at for this purpose alone. Hundreds have used it, and they all give glowing testimonials
.I of its value. Chemists and Scientists testify that it is the richest and safest fertilizer known. .
We want: every orange grower and farmer to try iti; and for the next few weeks offer it at the following extremely low prices, at the mines :
! Per ton, undried in bulk, $5 ; per ton dried and unground $6.50; per ton dried and pulverized, bulk, $7.50; sacked, $1 extra. Special prices in round lots.
; Fifty pounds for a full bearing tree is a sufficient quantity to fiso, and less amounts according to size of tree. .
It f is good for cotton. It is good for all kinds of grain. It is good for. all grasses. It is good for all kinds of fruit, trees. It ia good for strawberries and all kinds.-
j .I vegetables. .
Send all orders, and apply for any further information as to freights. eta; to T. D. GIBBENS,
Secretary and Treasurer.Box ..

i. 519, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.. :. .
t The analysis of this soft,phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala,.is as follows; .. M -:. :.

Insoluble Silicate and Sand....................:......:.?.*..................................28.$ .
Carbonate of Lime......................*...........................;.:.................... 4-56
Phosphoric Acid: ............... .................................. ........((27. 3), '. .
Equivalent to Bone Phosphate of Lime.................................... '...............60.73
J Oxide of Iron................ ..%........................................................ 74 -
, Oxide Aluminum..'........................................................ .............. 2.07 ,
Magnesia,.Soda,etc........................... ................ .<..,..................... 6.S9 -
i" Moisture...................................................................:........ ....... 6.55 'i .
He also says: "Your phosphate (referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate)will be soluble by gradual steep under the influence of rain water, provided perfectlyburnt : 'J
and pulverized in fine powder." ,'
The same eminent chemist gives a further analysis of the solubility of this phosphate in Citrate of Ammonia, which is about the same strength rain water, ,

, M. follows : .
, "Two Analy&b-'one giving 48 per cent soluble in Citrate of Ammonia, the other giving 51.40 per cent. soluble in Citrate. of Ammonia, an average of 49.70 per
eat of BoDe Phosphate of Lime, the equivalent of 22.66 per cent. of Phosphoric Acid soluble in Citrate of Ammonia." .
The greatest aniotrnt of available; Phosphoric Acid in any of the high grade. commercial fertilizers is 6 to 9 per cent

.. JACKSONVILLE,Jnne 25th,1891. JACJCSOKVIUJE,,FLA.,June u,1891 .
teaefit,and for Orange Farmers in Florida, that the carload of.Soft Phosphate which I.had from .AA. ,
find order for of Soft I hare used
Sir two
S roar Company in April is entirely_titfacto -Enclosed please my more cars Phosphate.
I placed the same on one hundred trees in my grove a Lake' Como. It has given my trees seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and hare noted with much interest its effect oa m1
9 most wonderful growth,given the(foliage rich,dark green color,and for pine lancf groves at least, Orange Trees. The first car load I applied to something over fire hundred trees andy .
what is future it if it for sale and shall din
required,at small cost. I shall in use you have
t or of Potash. the results hare been simply marvelous. The adjoining fire hundred trees received no egg
..tiBae He Commercial Fertilizers adding to it small amounts Sulphate I can most
r cheerfully. recommend it to Orange Growers. Truly yours, C. B. SMITH.BELLBVTEW and the difference between the two fields Is something wonderful. On one aide every tree has start
,MAJUOH Co.,FLA.,Tune 8. 1891 ed with"a vigorous growth- The finest foliage that I have ever seen in a grove. The trees which re'
T. D.GIXBSX. Secretary Belleview,Phosphate Company Jacksonville Fla.: Dear Sir-III anceiftd no application: "have just commenced to start up. Mr. McMasters.oftheflrmofMcMastefsA
ewer to your inaeby.Whit have been the results of your experiments with the Belleview PhosphateCompany's Miller of San Mateo,visited my grove a few days lce and expressed himself as being very moeb
SOFT PHOSPHATE I am happy to say that the results have been very gratifying astonished at the growth of the trees where the Soft Phosphate had been applied. If you remember .
j deed. have only tried it in its:RAW STATE,as it comes from the,Mines(without(drying or being) the first shipment of Phosphate was made less than sixty days since,and,until the last few days,w( .
mtrericrti) Roses last&11 and this spring on Kefaey Plums LeConte Pear,Peach and Orange have had very little rain., .
Trees.espedaHy the latter,where I tried it side by tide with high grade Commercial: Fertilizer, I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belleview Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
AMtresfty there is very litHe difference is the growth and looks of the trees but the difference in food than a ton of any KertHke that has ever been brought into the State and I would warmly rest
ffceyetee 1 iso. great that I shall use the Soft Phosphate in the future altogether. ommend its use to the Orange Growers of the State. /
r Yours truly, P. H. WAI/THUS. Yours truly, D.GRKKNI.KAP

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J JAPANESE.Chesnuts,Japan PERSIMMONS Walnuts,hardy Plums orange, Mammoth,Unhla. trLORI12A8ISrATCH 1 1.&R a\ THE BEAUTIFUL I. 1

; Also ornamental stock, rare bulbs seeds, 1QRMERr
;,. "etc. Olive, fig trees and grape vines. Goods sent V fARMIRSAIU A HCE
safely by Freight Express or mail.
for oar new:, finely illustrated catalogue. rAT.I$ I .
. .
> H. H. BERGER & CO., 11

,. San Francisco, Cal. CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher. -1

> Established 1878"CENTAWORC". ,- w '::

... Terms of Subscription: J Ji

For one 7ea.r.....................-.........$2 00 941J\I1O
For six months ..,.. ... ....... ......... 1 00 i i
;.t : MILES Ml si f ;
'" J9 Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad
t .
# 4..' To insure insertion in this column, advertisements vance. .
If '. must be accompanied by the money. Bate of Advertising: on application.
I I s, ,',-_ Advertisements must not exceed fifty* words. REMITTANCE should be made by Check, Florida Central and Peninsular 1

:. "i Postage Stamps received in payment Postal NoteMoney Order,or Registered Letter

It" Count every word,including. name and address.r ,to order of i RAILROAD, (

,r. to 50 per cent saved by shipping oranges AND FRUIT GROWER, i 110 MILES
70 in Coulters' Address R. D. I CINCINNATI !f Shorte.t and
furit car. Jacksonville, Fla. qultke8t. (Formerly F. R. & N. Co.)offers Increased J.
*J COULTER, Orange City, Fla. 1 -IS-7t
) facilities this season for travel to Florida, .
Compartment and Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars having in addition to Its old and popular .
, thousand (r.coo) six-month-old sour or throughwithout change.mating direct connectionin
ONE R. R at the River Junction and the
seedlings for sale, *c. each. Address FLORIDAthe
Box; i, Satsuma, Fla. it CENTRAL UNION I Suwannee River route to Florida),arranged 1
,| ST. LOUIS |
BIGPreffliumOffer DEPOT for for a new route from the West and Northwest .
" via Montgomery,Bainbridge! and Monti- ,
ACARTNBY ROSES make beautiful, ever.
It: \f M ..5tock-proofhedge..Plants and cuttings and the WEST and with Through Car lines for cello carrying thmngh sleepers from CIN j
for sale. M.ONEILL Fairbanks Fla. io-8-i8t
and the The road has now no less than )

I| CHICAGO |I NORTH-WEST, Seven Points of Cqnneetion With

SALE- ooooo sour orange sprouts. T. A.

t r. FOR Gainesboro, Fla. 10-8-41 also with Through Car I the North, :;
tr Unes for namely, Fern tndina, Callahan Jacksonville, .
MOTE AUTOMATIC ORANGE SIZ- Live Oak, Lake City, Monttceilo I *nd River J

. !MATT Best alter in existence; will size 400 |J BUFFALO 'f| and Points in Canada Junction, making comfortable connections
day. Bright on one side and the EAST. with ChIcago Kansas City and all northern 4
, the other. Price reduced to$ wiiorder.:\ THE f cities, for which this road Is specially In

1 K. H. MOTB AUTOMATIC SZZER Co.; Leesburg, only one Change of Cars to 1

;a Fla. Send- for Catalogue and. testimonial sheet. fZ OItl.'J> JL The Florida Central I

It 10-8-10. Meridian, | NEW ORLEANS
and Peninsular Railroad

MY new list now ready, drop a postal for one. Dispatch, Farmer and Fmit-Grower JACKSON, VICKSBURG, Points- ,Is the greatest artery of travel through the ..

, order LeConte and Kiefler pears, plums, finest parts of Florida, traversing twent .
pecans, etc. Good stock fine trees. SUMUIT and the four counties Gadsden Jefferson, DuvaX
For of
l NURSERIES :AND POULTRY YARDS, ,Monticello, one year a copy | TEXAS | Alachua. Lake, ,Leon Suwannee Nassau,

I is. Fla. J-S-4t< WEST. Levy, Orange, Hlllsborough Waknlla,

Wbitner's 'Gardening in Florida Passengers via this line are afforded an excel- Columbia, Clay, Marion, Polk, Manatee .
g Madison Baker, Bradford, bnmter, Fernando '
I 1jjANTEI-Five thousand citrus trifoliata lent view of Lookout Mountain and surrounding and Desoto-In Uelr richest portion

1'/' stock for budding. State price. Address historic scenery.S. It runs through the MIDDLE FLORIDA. RK-
J. P..DEPASS, Experiment Station,. Lake City, AMFOB $2.00 LION or HILL COUNTRY where are the fine old
t" Ma. C. RAY, S. E. Pass.Xgt,Atlanta, Ga.
I Farming Lands and the New Tobacco r
D.J. MUXXANBY, piv. Pass. Agt., Chattanooga.D. .
i SALE-One thousand first-class red Tan Whitner's Gardening in Florida is a G. EDWARDS. G. p, &T.A., Farms

11i ; buds two, and three years old; or handsomely printed and bound book of CINCINNATI, O. '(reached by no other line), some of,them
t' would exchange for a good cow, horse,buggy or .,AI.ALI..I' conducted on a large cale He e are Qalncy,
it poultry. CHUBB&WARD, Winter,Park, Fla. 250 pages,being,a comprehensive treatiseon Tal uhassee (the capital), Monticello, Madi
1 -I- t'f son and other towns, from whose comfortable,
the vegetable and tropical products of ample dwellings, repo.lng In a fertile

' Florida, by Prof. J. N. Whitner, A. M. country Is com IlJg a renewed energy to em- .:
'f f I get Nonpareil and Centennial ploy the resources lavished about them.
too of each,by mail? Send at once This book Is much sought after for its stretching down through t

and I will forward cash. F. ,1;. BLOCKBR, Blan- ....
!7 he Peach
it. '. ton, Fla. practical information. ,Country

J:' $2.00 buys the book and our of Baker Bradford, Alachua and Levy coun-
ties, through the i rosperouaStrawberry
(, U the time to place your.orders for Le- paper for one year. .. Farms'j j
f liOW I | or Kieffer pear trees for this fall's .

Buy from headquarters. ARCADIA NCR- Thlsiscertalnlya grand offer. Sendin of Lawtey"rke and Waldo, rbap'lUperlor'

r SERIES, Monticello, Fla. 9-34-4t orders In profit to the orange grov--It joes; through
.. at once. the heart of the btute, penetrating some of
C. W. DACOSTA the finest gloves one; having
WANTED-To exchange LeConte, Kieffer or ,
i trees'or other nursery stock,:for .JUkM vtl A. fI'1A. Full-bearing "Orange-
p cypress tank from 3.000 to 5.000 gallous capacity.J. Trees, "*
H. GIRA&DEAU. Monticello Fla. "
f 92441A '
passing for nearly a ,mile between them-
f NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY. i making Its way southward to the Gulf.aud to

''JI the more tropical portions of the mate. In ,
YE1 'S IMPROVED RING ORANGE SIZER all portions of the State It r-acnes points of
l f\ took gold medal at Ocala Exposition Runs IN COUNTY JUDGE'S COURT, IDt7V \ 0
by hand,foot or steam; cannot get out of order. AI.COUNTY, FLORIDA.) Scenic Intercut. ":f

,: ALFRED AYES Lake Weir, Fla. 9-24-71 Chas. W. DaCosta, administrator Wakulla SprinteR In the West, the Buwannee

WHEREAS: of Geo. C. Goodrich deceased, + River, as beautiful and romantic as It U

PINEAPPLE slips ,wanted. 'State price'per late of the county'aforesaid, having filed iu the and famous the Oliver springs, It the lake region,
lakes themselves
f with their
Jf thousand. Address J.W. & F.D. Waite, Belle. office of the County Judge of said county a writ- 'Va-; <<< UL.TIVATOR. roundlDgsof rolllug land Interspersed wits safe
of the of said
ten suggestion insolvency estate,
: 'YJ.e1r1daion Co., Fla.
t, 92461DOMELO notice is hereby given to all persons having claims For field garden and grove. "The best cultiva. pleasant Lome In greeu grovett.sloping dowi
t the clear lake
f, ofanynaturewhatever against said estate to file tor I ever saw," i is the verdict of all who use! it. fronts By means of thlt

(>- -Wanted,350 buds(not trees) each' of the same. duly authentic,ited, in the office of Works either level or on a bed;perfectly adjustable road you can most readily reach the

,. '' i three different varieties. JOHN FABYAN, Count Count Judge of said county on or before the 8th ;cleanest cutting: lightest draught. Hunting and Fishing' Grounds
Fla. April A. D., which time there will Every cultivator fully warranted. Price$ro. '
92441WG. be a pro rata payment to creditors entitled thereto GODBEY & HARRIS. The -eUlerwUl find on the line of this roada
and the administrator discharged. Waldo. Fla. greater opp irtunlty for a t arled selection o4

TILGHMAN, Palatka, Fla.., will send Witness my name as County Judge of said land then ou any other- road la the btsie-
a package of medicine{ county, this i8th day of September. A.D.. ISgI.C from lightest soils to those underlaid with
or3S cents, by W. B. OWEN. clay and marl. and of richest. hammock
mail,that will cure sick cattle. <<
your Give it
;: trial and be convinced. # a zo'i<6m County Judge. POULTRY FOOD! whether for regular no lied farming,stock or
dairy farm'ng, peach or strawberry culture,
" orange graves nd vegetable gardens.
Pi .. LAST' s BW In.WUOL89W The tourist will be gratified, with IU' .
, BESSIE, STEVENS. Alabama and other straw- $ pjr ROOT Trees: Be"Fraltsaii4 The he..Uh'8Hker Its' .
scenery. on ample
" plants. Send for Trait 1'ne."-Free. Am.
prices. JULIUS & find
' BCHNADBLBACH Grand .Judd route can some spot adapted to hi*.
Ala. Oardensayoslo..lVSZIVLtath.poiat.Oran
Bay 8-6-ut
Farmer:AblywrltUa: iveitrajtyIirrOEMATIC f..CoFrwt /. wants. On the bard dRY roads of Middle
Grower:BuprlsUc LOW prictil App.,Ptsr.Cber- Florida the horseman wl.l ride with speed,
i: COR SALE-Pure Cloud seedling strawberry ry,4lam.PRUIIEY.uhAp'R4tac..NatOTSr.a.Btoeb. and satisfaction and the Florida Central
r plants. Will( fill orders after August 5. De..r Grin,K08E&-.verZMn?.XJJtGEK stock la 11.8.110 Trade Mark. and Peninsular Is theSportsman's "

. livered at the depot in Iwt7.: in ,good order at BETTER Ho cheap.r.STARK 11KOS., Louisiana, HOLLI8 MEAT FOR
E' the following rates: One to four thousand.$2 Mo.-Ponndi*1835)OI.DEI'r.l000 Aew;LAMEST. Route.

!: a thousand;over five thousand, $2.2". Cash must SO Win Make Hens Lay I NOTC.-Passengers from'Northern connec
; accompany all orders. Cu .&.. H. CHTOCSILU .Will Make Chicken Grow! lions h i vine tickets over the Florida Centra

Lawtey, Fla.* Care S. M. CHURCHILL.. ,7- 3-10t AIm GOOD Fote MOULTING FOWLS. and Peninsular to points In Honth Florid
. hare the privilege of being taken Into Jack
;, OTRAWBERRY PINTS-Michel A SCHOOLFitting This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully sonvllle over th,Company's line and allowed

; Q home use, Cloud and Newnatr for for cooked, ,ground fine, seasoned and hermetically a stop-over within the going limiU of the
ticket with
sealed In 8-lb return o their route for destlna
I large,well-rooted. B.H.AU>BK,'Lawtey. cans. ,Being ground fine,Hcan
lion tree or extra *
*****. Send for
manta 7-i6-3tn young men for the active duties of life. be readily mixed with soft food,and fed Florida,mailed free map or

Chartered by the legislature of Virginia, and BO as to give each fowl
an share. Prlo
a endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council, equal A... o. MACDONELL,G.p. A.
. PR SALB-One: second hand Washington and prominent citizens of the city whereloca ted. 80 cts per can; >$J per doz. Address UOLLI8 Jacksonville 'Fla ,
r '.; Press for sale cheap at this office. Por catalogue circulars: and testimonials address DRESSED MEAT '
. : CO.. 20 North, N. S. PENNINGTON
Write fbi *
particulars. : ,Traffic Manager.
: ,President Staunton.Va.
.. Boston, Mass. Mention
,, paper.| D.,E MAXWELL. General Maaagm
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Having\been" destroyed1n"the great fire August 17th, I 'take this method of. notifying' my friends ad.AX; :

! ,*". ,..- patrons that all orders for- |.. .

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:! Vill receive the usual promptness and attention, :

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.;<* .,: '.. ., NEW TYPE, NEW. PRESSES, NEW MACHINERY, -. .


; iOf'the; most' approved patterns, will be put in the new office throughout. To accommodate fur

-.' .
i z personal needs I have this" day bought out. .'




' '... ';: And :will conduct my business at this stand until December 1st, when 1 will move into the };.,
.\ -.? .
<< New Building specially.erected for my accommodation. .>" '
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: :: D40.0STA DECK. ',
x 1f'l.'.. Send us your orders." Large: 'contracts 1 specially'estimated on. .: ; .
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.. ; : ,-';' FLORIDA'' .DISPATCH, :'FARMERANDRWTrGROWRR.: : ,. [Otrof .iR--15.\L 4'

..,., THE LEADING ?.
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: &: La: 9 Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

esPOl1del1co I'11 Mahogany, 'Cherry, Walnut. and_ Imitation. Hall Stands,

.., SOlICIted. tJ'S Bed-Lounges, Willow- Reed and Rattan

'. Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
," 40
AND styles .
:i,WE. SELL 2 W '
". : SA .
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HOUSE -.. -r. 'f: i,
J' koA.
.' .Carpets, Mattings, Curtains,.Window Shades_ Hanging Lamps, China anil' "

Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets. j','.

Hotels Boarding Houses. Shios, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.

..Wfcen writing,please mention this paper., .




Bowker 1rw\ OR _
q ica+M OPERATE 1*

# Y TH iW WAY fl Tnr
Grow / A/7K :

Vegetable .4 ,. # i R i3 Ix.t 3TGMP P1ACf31Pil

? .5 S
Uniform good rtsulu. In every respectthe THE CROP ON A FEW AC .
best -
very high-grade Fertilizer I ever
wed. J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oak THE>= FIRST YEAR wit
Grovel, Manatee, Fla.
$ f MAKES A _
( ; GROW in '60 to 90 days, ACRE AT A Sfr'7NG. WOPKZ. ON ._ .
do best on a manure thatis .
available l and about ready to nouitsh.Bowker's JAM S(JJW\IJiNE\ & ;:)QH. SCOTCH GROVE. 'tow& ?, f.

Vegetable Grower is a ,special l fertilizer,
made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and -'

is composed of chemicals especially adapted to I HE 5LQRY OF MAN ,s

vegetables, which. feed this class of crops in a u pl STRENGTH VITALITY a
manner to produce a healthy growth which withstands I, t I How Lost! How Regained,

disease and matures early. For sound, ,

delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, use TH -; ENCE .:

.the BOWKER ,Fertilizers, ." ,

.. jJoPfiIrE Ia,
Send for illustrated Catalogue, Free. I

i 1UYTE[ :
.. lr A Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise
on the Errors of YonthPreniatnreDecllneNervoos
an4Pb.a1cal Debility,ImpuritIes of the Blood.EXMSTEDYITALITY.

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CH OF THE D have NtT seen buy one an of orange my IMPROVED grader until STEEL you EAST COAST POULTRY YARDS. Ttetoltlng from Folly,Vice,Ignorance,Excesses: or
: MONAR 8 or grade combined! assorters Orertaxation, Enervating and unfitting the victim
ORANG E&'LEMDN.ROLt.1tR. ;with 9 canvas spotting and other Fourteen.varieties of land and water fowls.Indian for Work,Bo sine**,the Married Social Relation
GROVE ImproremeqU, for the season of 189; *and 1897.Thfc i I : v Mold unskillful pretenders. Possets this gmt
Claljies'Imperial Pekin.Ducks work. It contains 500 ,royal 8ro BoaaUfnlbinding
, -'ONES" u ttllc t ;' [ ; pares
tNINtCRAOCCOMSINIOASSORTING&SIZING 'SrEL:i4incheslndiatneter'areasstraight ,embossed,fall gUL Price only $i.oo by
as an arrow"TRUE AS STEEL"and will Bronze Turkeys. mall,postpaid>> ,concealed In,plain wrapper. Blas.trative .
always remain so, thus Insuring the most accurate Pro pecto> Free,If you apply >aow. The s
onANGtaLEMON disthi uished ant&or.Wm. II. Parker, H. D.
; receircd -
t'A.4 E- and rapid grading. of all kinds.Send a postal '
After thoroughly tesjupg steel J'9'Peri on granges card ( new Illustrated catalogue and '
i and lemons last from the National Medical Auodatlna for.this
$ spring,I adopted them price lists.
f on nearly 200 of my deciduous fruit graders
made having personally EgO0'Hatch.E. PIJYHICAT DEOILTxJr.Parkef acorpl
'erated this..easo&rfind oDD different size; of Assistant Physicians; may be conwlted. COBSdentiaUy
> graders from the smallest to my my large twelve W. AMSDEN Ormond, Fla. by mall' or MEDICAL In at the otte of
CANVA.. roller,machine. I flatter mysejf that Florida TIlE PEABODY IH8TITUTB! ,
and -- --- -- N' ..4 Dalftaeh St..JlCMtoD.IU.....,to wheat all)
CAlNA orange examination growers of'the'packers(improvedass6rter will see upon and an i t .., FAVORITE SINGER.! orders( for ahn.books. or letters for advleo skoni4 be .
...L..Ji.J: -A Vjt. Izer/Uuttlt has,been remodeled.with,the wp''' NEW, HIGH 'ARM. directed M
greatest care, means business aU-the time stands head and shoulders above all others and is just I It shown in cut,with fan
tile machine they have been looking Jor. .
An improved 8 with steel rollers be at Nelson Bros,, R. W. Oviedo etatta.chments.lelt.lettlng.n. -
grade may seen or Lawton's, ; shuttle.Tooo&ngetvxwniachlneSon.T'. i
lodge G. W. Means Evanston; S..W. Moody&Son; Deal?7.E. Butts,Hawthorn t B. F. JTolland .. J e teJf-threadinff ; W l \
Bartow:I,.W.Lawrence Winter Park;R.C.,M. Crawford Micanopy and a 9 grade at Carl Ilolmrs.OakUnd. of manufacturers. SaTe CanTU- I W-ELIJUPPLlES Itf1.IHteItbtap-
Commissions of 186. Sent OIl ( A'y fae cJop.m H,.
The above gentlemen with the exception of Messrs. Lawton Lawrence Crawford and Holmer, len'trial. Warranted 6 ,ears. .II, ,"L .
al'eagents. l
-ftp see a machine,and be convinced. Where persons do not wish to separate bright from ruse ,. .. .....m.HWIII M...a. ELM STRICT\DAtLASTEXAS.f SrtwcT3 ,... .f.
$;, th machine, my double sixer, or even my single steel"roller (baby sixer),will size more lklr We pay J'reIa" 'Phi>atidelphInPr __ _
+ QIaJICeI and lemons than any machine in Florida.: Any given size in any of my machines may be I i
.. tbasged without afiecting the.others,or may be shut off entirely if desired. For further informa. !
+ ilea address my agents or r'"bJOHN' DO you need stationery of any kind-paner.'' 1'I< odJdi oiVrcry Ct eseVIeyefi1 d durably
pens and ink? If so, send to DaCosta Pnmtog D bound at DaCosta Printing. and PubUsblos
A. JONES Yerk fa
.'_ and Publishing House Jacksonville Fla. 4 i House,Jacksonvtile: "


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The Clyde Steamship. SAVANNAH LINE .

'. .

Time 53 to 55 ,hours between Savannah, New York and Phila

Hei York, Charleston and Florida Lines. delphia, and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours. ". -. '.:

Tt The magnificent Steamships -of this Line are appointed Ocean Steamship i Company.

'' '.,{ to.sail. as follows, calling at Charleston, S. (Central or Meridian( Tine) .

1 C., both ways : Passage Rates S .

STANDAKD:TIME. ) Between Jacksonville and New
: 125.00
From New York Fr'oru Jacksonville ; Intermediate.1900';Excursion. .,0: *
- (Pier 29, E. 8.) STEAMER. Florida. Steera&'e.ll2.fO. -

Monday Sept,28th at 3 p.M. ....IROQUOI8"...8unday. Oct.. 4tb,' at. .5OOA. x. THB Jacksonville Ma>tvlIIcent and Boston:Cabin ti27.00> Intermediate,121.00; Excureton$47.30; 8teerapJU.z. .
Wednesday, Sept. filth, at 3 P.M. .."ALGONQUIN"Tuesday Oct. 6th, at 6OOA.x. Bteamshlpe o thta Glompany are appointed to sail follows: -
Friday, Oct. 2d, atSP.M. .."CHEROKEE".Thursdlr, :
Oct. 8th, at 7:30A. x. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
Monday Oct. 5th, at8 p.rc..x."SEMINOLE".Tuesday. Oct. llth, at 10:00A. x' .
Wednesday, Oct., 7th, at3 p.x. .. .. Oct. 13th,',at 121NoON'&nuAY. Central or 000 Meridian Ttme.l.) __ .
Oct. 9th,.at 8 P.DI."IROQUOIS"-.Th y, Oct. loth,, awiraop.x.: OrACOOCBEE........_."........ ...... ..... ... ..........., 1..1 .
Monday Oct. 12th., at 3 P.x. .."ALGONQUIN" Sunday, Oct. 18t.h.' at.30 A.Y. CITY, 0(1" AUUU1u.74M.: u;..t. ............. ........ ...... .A-f' ay. Oct.II 2- 5.00 am.
Wednesday.Oct. 14th, at 3 P.x. .,'CHEROKEE,"..Tuesd yOct., 20th> at 8:00 A.-x' ALLAHASSEE..r .......... ...._........_.-.._.. ....... ...Saturday. 3- 7l0Pm _
Friday, ...' ".. : ...... ......... .. .. 5- .
Oct. 16th, a18 P.x: 8EMINqLE .Sunday Oct. 22d/'at 7:30A.x. KANSAS CITY............. A. IT r:;---- m,SESEr ..
Monday, Oct.. 19th at8P.x..YEMAS8EJ3.Thunday, 'Oct. 25th. at 10:80A.x. CHATTAHOOCHEE' ......................................... .....SalHtaJV: ; M'Ii
WednesdayOct. 21st, at 8 P.x. ....IROQUOIS"...Tuesday, Oct. 27th, at 12:30 P.x. NACOOCHEE )..:..-..............._........ ....... ........... .......Monday. *r J JWOamsTcoyn
may, Oct. 23d. at a P.x. ..**ALGONQUIN"Thursday, Oct 29th, at 1:r P.x. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM.......: .. ....... .... ............Wednesday, 14- ,,
Monday Oct. 26th at 8 P. x. ....OHEROKEE".8unday. Novlat.. at 4:30A.X. CITY OF AUGUSTA ._.......................-........ ...... .... Friday 18- 4.cOam
WednesdayOct. 281h, at a P.x. .."SEMINOLE". .Tnursday, NOT 3d. at 5:30 A.X. TALLAHASSEE: .._................................................ Saturday 17- b.30p ni
FfMar, Oct. ,80th atSP.x. ..".YEM ASS BE"..Tuesday, Nov.6th, ,at 6:00.i.x.:< KANSAS CITY... ............... ......,.: :..::...... .. .. Monday, 19- 7.00pm
CHATTAHOOCHEE' .................. .:...t.f... .. ......Wednesday, :21- 8.00pm
NACOOCHEE............. .._.......... ... ..........: .- .Friday. 23- laoOamILOOpm
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM........... ...- .. .. .......-.JSaturday 24-
M St. Johns River Line.j CITY OF AUGUSTA.. ........... ....,..............,.::........Monday, 26- UOpm300pm. -
.'Y TALLAHASSEE...............,........,.......... ..........Wednesday, 28- .
4 %" KANSAS CITY..............................;..................-....Friday, If 80- 4.00pm
,: Far Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on. the' St. CHATTAHOOCHEE ............:.......FOR....:.-BOSTON.......<.........'..... Saturday If 31- 4.30pm.
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Johns River CITY OF MACON.... .... ..............-........ ..:...... .. Thursday Oct. 1- 4.3ip m
CITY SAVANNAH..........................................Wednesday, .. 7- 8.00 p m
CITY'OF MACON................'.........:........................Tuesday, 13- L30p m
STEAMER "EVBRGLA.3DB"Leaves CITYOF Jacksonville for,'Sanford Sundays,Tuesdays and Thursdays,at 3:30 p. x: Relaratag -. ,GATE' CITY................... ...... ........ :..... ... ...........Friday, M 2B-Io.00a .
'CITY O*" MACON ...,...._._ ................ .. .... ..... Monday 26- LOOp m
;leaves Sanford Mondays, Wednesdays Fridays,at 10 A. x. 'CITY'.OF SAVANNAH........................,.."...................Friday, 30- 4. ep m


-Leaves Jacksonville for_Sanford,, Mondays and Fridays at 3:30 P. x. Returning;leave I (This Ship does KOT.Carry Passengers.) .
ea.lonISDnday.and'Wednesdays,at 7:00 A. x. DESSOUG: ........................:.::.....-.......... ..............Wednesday, Oct. '7- &00amDE88OUG
.......... .... ............:.. ......_-.....:-Saturday, 17- S.0Op m
The above steamers are fitted up with first-class accommodations for passengers,and DES8QUG.................. .........___ .. ....-............../Tuesday, II 27... XOOpu
tafcfefl will be supplied with best In market.

General Passenger and Ticket Office;88_West Bay Street.. t onnectlng with the SavannabMorida and Western Railway(Waycross Short Line) offer .
to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
F. M. IRONMONGER Jy.Fla. P...-Agent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla. Through Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to principal points North! East and Northwestvia
W. F. OGB fl FAY,Traveling Passenger Agent,88 West.Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla. Savannah. For Information and rooms apply t.o' .
J. o. PELOT, Pit. Agt.,on wharf foot Hogan St.Jacksonville, Fla. J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN,Soliciting Agent.
71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street.JacksonTMto.
\ JTOIIK L. HOWARD. Fla. Frt. Agent foot Laura 8L,JacksonvUle,'Fte. R. L. WALKER.Agent, C. G. ANDERSON Agent,
J. A. LESLIE. SnpL foot Laura Bt.,Jacksonville,Fla. New, Pier No.85 North River New York' City Exchange Building,Savannah,Ga.RICHARDSON' .
r :MARSHAI: H. CLYDE', Asst.Traffic Manager 5 Bowling;Green,New York. & BARNARD Philadelphia.Agents Lewis' Wharf. Boeton. .- ,
W. L. JAMES A ent 13 S.Third Street,
\ THEO. G.*EfiEH,Trade Manager,6 Bowling Green,N.Y. J. D. HASHAOXiJ! Eastern Agent,.Sav., Fla.k Western Ry.Ca,Zl Broadway, N. Y
,. G. M. SORREL,Gen.Manager. w. E ARNOLD,Gen.Trav.Agt.Jacksonville Fla. '. .
ti WM. .P.. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, :. i For Tickets apply to S F.A W. Railway otIIce.ESTABLISSED. -

,.tb WI1IU'Y.. Phlladrlptila.' A >wliMf tireen .. Y.
to- lS7a. .

Williams &* Clark Fertilizer Co. .'

wx.I.La.M- .. ElC>tTF&WHOLESALE .


Branch Office, '*No. 729 Reynolds St., Auonsta' (Ga: Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers ,


'.'. r
F ricus. Orano-e Tree Fertilize. ;.. ;

;1 'l Americus Orai e Tree. No. 2, Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, BranWheat, Grits, Meal; ,:' .

. J AmericiflWmmoniated Bone Superohosphate) COTTON SEED MEAL, Bath Bright and! Dark

-A Americus Purengone Meal,. Americus Bone and Potash, '.

.. S AmericusrStrawberry Fertilizer STATE: AGENT FOB PURE GROUND BONF'

8;_ 1 Americus Sulphate of Potash J. E. T gert fe o.'r

' Florida Vegetable Fertilizer.KxrBRBMCxa NITRATE SODA, ",
. f'- Star Brand Fertilizers -..

: C. F. Winton. S .: Dr. .H. Knight, BelleTlew, Fla.; M. E. OVAJU.1fTBBDAltALT8I8..
Won., Clermont. Fla.; M. P.Godfrey. Mlnneola, "-I&. '. Comprising .. _
Addremallcorre pondenceto'WILLIAMS' dc CLAnKl'EltTILIZEa Co.Augaata SULPHATE POTASH i. -
,'b.. Orange Tree and Vegetable

wOi' lflO) i Wte7 svntuTvigod s wrfloo1YJn These Fertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial_will convince.

[BUYjtfOW'SPECIAL", ail' IIII dWfLSr'F aawaicn-nt DSt rrt 14Md1-1 ens esw uoi y cwasD3M9 rmw I CURE, FITS $JE SICKLY_: I

INNER SALE5OO rNpjyrS When I say ear I do not mean merely to atop them.
for a time aDd then have them return acfcjn. I mean a

I Jd
warrant IDl remedy to care the worst cues. Became subject to SPASMS an most likely troubled with
Way others baft laDed Is no reuon for notnowrelTlnca' W11U O The bed for this u the celebrated l
Down Pricea-toclose ear*. Bend a'oooe for a trwatis and a Free Bottle o* nlHMO.B.A.FAHNE8TOCK'8VERMIFUCI.
ttaty nmu-t3 to|5 monthlyor 7fax alia>.remedy. GJT Erpreai and Port Offloa.R 8eeD1O years.. In tiM and n 910 Cash,balac*to ntu ,ci7zii JJ'772ML1Y. G. ROOT M. C., 183.Pearl St.,N. Tf- ILidythatt 'Inltlal.w IL A.o.a.nidlePIm tatsANSY /
Fall,, No Inter t. -
Meet be eoId. Cant hold. : ;
Write for Bargain Sheet. 'I >zww'sir..aa.' 11. c...FJr.Ha.. '

Syv to ogid. ,, OR' SALS-One second hand WasHbetoaIland
SAVANNAH, GA.. ER! and old;postpaid. Addre Press for sale cheap at this office.' ,
uHoat.S81 Colnmbos vaBoeianMaa Write for, rttcu1an. -':
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: Bone Meal :
. > Chicago ,
-. .: :Blood: and. Bone_?. : ; : t TDark and Bright

!':,;;':, r : 'Pure !Fine Ground Bone. T6bacc'o'St

J. .;- .A.n naal, Bone and Potash. "' :
r ., Canada H. d.
< < ..,,/ : Blood, Bone and Potash, '.
( ate
": Bone
s ;.: : ". .1: :Pulverized. ; ,

,pru. 1i' an.d. 'Vin.e.BearLn.g: Tree: -' "

,-:.. F'ood Q"1.fir: ; 'p e ;
Tree ,
Orax: .. ;e ; ,;
Tegetb J. .axial Potato Qro
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ofw"TLSON.: .. S.t.-BB.V: Street,

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,:"'' : -' .SIN 0- ., -..L1SrD' ., '.FOOT, -:ROT, .':EIx.TEE l' : : =I.: ..tIJN.a.: '-, 1'\!; :

:" v-. >.,* ; Of the various articles offered to'the' the Foot-Rot" ':
: orange grower for checking. ; i.n,. J,

:Z .combination has given results surpassing.anything: heretofore 1ri d. Except in cases \ / ",

:' "is! very far- advanced/upon the :roots of :the 'tree ;and beyond the reach human. : ,.aid' it' .

.-a t '" '.
\ to''remove* h 'aisease heal the scars force n'ew'growth and tearing trees' : =
: upon upon ;
.> ..,. _', "
," .;!iiiint'of the. )fruit. *,:.'..:. .. ...: ,

;- For further.information testimonials' and prices apply to
.;* ., f .. : ,
;;'"4- .,", ,.' '; ''; : ;.. C. L. MONTAGUE & CO.., Savannah. GaGeneral"

\. ,P.- :B.. AVEVER. 'Leesburg, Flaf, Agent for South and, 'East, Florida.? -." .

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;-.. .-'.. ..".,. "- ?
/ ..' ..., JOHN CLARK, SON ;
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.- .- '..tJ.. t .' '; HEDGES. AND CQMIISSION 1'v;

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i J', Hay, .Grain, Wines, 'Liprs! ;


j i
: T.V. .. PRICE LIST OF' ;'
; .
b : Parker...__..._______ .fl.75 .J. fa
Orange Valley_.._.. .._. .. 2.00 Virjrlala '
? ? ?
: spring V.Uey-;..__..._._. 2.dO .1 [.
: North Caro iaa Corn_____ 2 AO
JQ. 'W' Clifton Clnb?..,..;...__._____ ,eld. ; ;:
.'j .. Montrose Telret _?_....__?.-:
; J"\IS extra: 1 gallon 25c. 2 gallon' 5G&, 3 \
<" money order, check or registered letter. We cannot
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine lift

a x ,;r rohji.J_ a ;

: ". .'\: .RERTMZERSARE I: J KIAIEI a a 4

I. They produce a strong growth of wood and a large yield of the best quality fruit. Mr.!'.C.Buffum PIANOS.
of Stanton Fla., says: "I. am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange and lemon trees and a nursery,
the largest in'the State,and I have experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers
oSuc for sale in the State, and I find your,more satisfactory. than. any others I have used. Send UNEQUALLED IN

for our beautifully" illustrated pamphlet. 'Reynolds st-. Tone],Touch,Workmanship g Durability u)
Kilby { AUGUSTA, GA.: 'Baltimore;2d and 24 E *(Baltimore Street> s
New York, 148 Fifth Aye
Washington*,,817,Market Space. z
(Six days crtlt ; .. ndos FINEST. FACTORY any Tarteir tested attbeAgneuitl
Organs, IN UNITE. p STATES. at Gt nera.Ex.N.,T Grounds. ,Colon
$85.Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of FinestOnMatta greenish white palp
and,Organs Direct to Your Homes. tender, sweet and delicious.
home Tbeonir grape I
jour before Prom REV-JAS.M.POTTS D.D. editor of Mich- that ranks first both In I .,
.: 1 1 forJkOrgwuk iganChristianAdvocateDetroitDtlcki i"Tosaythatr twd.quahty.Each
,,,- Addua \re,are delighted with the'Piano does not express ,onr '.rf Tine>rkteud sealed trademark witty.
the fact.'WeareJubUanC' If all)instruments labelrend.foz'
.... .. ..T. .ea Pianos are as fine in appearance and a*pleasing in tone as I e1Hara inring 1UrtMrlfltOrma110n. Agent Wtntedt
BEAVER, FALLS'PA: this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred." 4ddreas STEFHik. 'HOTT'8 BOSS.New,Caaaan, CLLZXliTej'KT
I:: Prom PROP. B.II.:PECK, Valhermoso Springs, Ala.; "We could not be-pleased'better with .
.A&cCeasi&g ortone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." ....c i.1IIElF.m. I M' a
From B.D.GRIGGS,AdairsTille,Ga.:. "I am well pleased with. the organ ia trap respect. ,It is : :, nae thousands
i. Ytl1 claim ttto be.," : I UBdin .
you .. Y.
asNaR 6taq
: Prom.Y. X..C;AperJ.: G.COOt Y.Wllsboro'N'C.: "The organ gins entire satisfaction.Every ." .....1nMnlisRi: ,.,.. to Its.Aea T>
: one who has seen it is very much tweased with the Instrument and the price on the same." 1Mk.". aa4 .....,......taa4. H811tieoJI a VALUABLE
Prom BSK.R;STKSL.K'Prescot. Afcr fMy family is well every respect with the 1UeO ..ta...... ...... beer
, '? >organ. How_."* seJl them heap feVweMer.1': '.. .V ,WJJ.Ift1K Be 6Kl ,1'1. J'I T. A.
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