Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
May 21, 1891
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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DJLCOSTA* &el LonERS, Jacksonville, Fla., Thursday/May: 21, 1891. Whole No. 1164 volF.iiEx. I Ellt
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FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE M.::l 7 .,, We now have a fine stock of Peach Seedlings
'. : ; '"' ir-
-- CONTENT'S.' .'? and Marianna Plum stocks ready for budding.We .

57 CHATHAM ST.., BOSTON. <_, -:-: '-:': '''; t can furnish buds of any varieties that have

been brought before the public without extra
.Price Catalogues weekly sale furnished '
on application. THE FLORIDA HORTICULTURIST First Day; The President's Annual Address; 403 cost. Anyone having any new and choice varie

r The Florida Horticulturists Continued; '. .. 404 ties they wish propagated,will do well to correspond -
o.w.JU1UfET'1'. 3. H.BABNETT- Afternoon Session; Grapes New and Old Varieties; Grape Culture In South Florida; 405Second with us before contracting elsewhere. Our
ESTABLISHED 18M. Day; a. 406 stock is large and fine. Will receive contract orders
The Best Stock for the Orange; . m& e 407 of any size. AU orders must be placed by

BROS., rroau.L-The Florida Horticultural Society; Florida Fruit Exebange ; . 408 July ist. GRIPPING !& BRADLEY,
: BARNETT AGENTS Markets for Florida Produce; Of' . 403 Pomona Wholesale Nurseries, Macclenny Fla.
The Florida Horticulturists-Continued; Ornamentals; Third Bay: Tropical Fruits; Reportof
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE the Committee on Diseases and Insects of the Citrus;. *| -. .. .. 409 S. PALMER,
"Wholes! Commission, Fruits, and Yegit&bles. Sub-Irrigated Gardens; . 1 410 G. 166 READE ST., NEW YORK. 1''
The Florida Horticulturists-Adjournment; . 411
Prompt returns Stencils on application. SOUTHERN ,PRODUCE A SPECIALTY.
._ __ 138 South Water,Street.Chicago. TIm FARMERS ALLIANCE-Alas,for the Cash; Hogs and Colts; The Farmers Salvation; Jay
da M rind Jflrj Dirty; Taxation of Personal Property IB i ., . 412 Oranges,Lemons, Pineapples, and all other
F.. HOBSON & CO., The Soil Inexhaustible; ?H; '. 413 nuts Fruits furs and etc.All early.: truck, also, dried fruits,

# 2 J.. Ntf.262 South Front Street.PHILADELPHIA.. Cotton Culture; The Reform Press; . . ,I : 41. consignments promptly remitted for.
The Butter Extractor; The Alliance Dying; .' Jf 415: Stencils sJbTmarket reports furnished free.
RefereneWi Bradstreet, and established
COMMISSION MERCHANTS. merchants atd: banks of the South
I Southern Fruits and Vegetables. Specialties.
Reference*-Dr. H. Farmers' LEMONS.
Bank Dover Del.)D.J Cummlngs,President Smyrna FLORIDA
Smyrna,Del j Florida Fertilizer Co., Gainesville
,Fla.; Johnson A: Stokes, Seed! Merchannts.219 Parties expecting to have a crop of Strictly
Market St.. Palladelphla Col. J. De V. Harzard, Fancy Florida Lemons will find it to their advantage
Eustls.Fla.;Maj.John Mnlllns Norfolk,Va.; Produce to correspond with us before selling.CUT .
' National Stencils Bank furnished Philadelphia. Returns madeon BUGfKILLER.( THIS OUT FOil REFERENCE.J. .
< requested. ODORLESS
day of sale. B. MAXFIELD 75-77 Park& CO.Place,

To Introduce this New York.
Free Flowers frienrs Kills Melon Bugs,(Cucumber Bugs, Tomato Bugs and Worms, Potato Bugs CabbageWorms Reference-Chatham National Bank, N. Y.J:
'' Cut Worms, nose Bugs;and,al1 other Bugs, Lice/etc., destructive to vegetables, Jas. A. Harris, Citra Fla.
.: monthly,price 50 cents per year, into the home plan's and shrubbery. Five-pound boxes,25 cents each, F. 0. B.

den of everyone,or who who keeps loves poultry flowers, wo,who offer has a tree H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Interlachen, Fla., Day Line--St.Johns River

months trial subscription and a packet of Seedsmen and Florists. % State Agents. :
mixed flower seeds, over 800 kinds, for only 10 Except Sunday.
rents In
stamps.WESTERN GARDEN, STR. ELIZA HANCOCK: leaves Jacksonville,
4-2-4mo Des Moines, Iowa. PROF. N. A. PRATT, t'- Consulting Chemist and Mining Engineer. foot Main St.,at 2 p.m.for Hibernia,Magnolia,

Q. L. PRATT, *3 Assistant ChemistGeological Green Cove Spring, Picolata, Federal Point,
NONRESIDENTGROVE[' Orange Mills and Palatka. Leaves Palatka
and Chemical Bureau.LABORATORIES
OWNERS.Wanted Mining 7 a.m., connects at Green 'Cove Spring for

4 ,by a man of large experience,the FLA&iW, Melrose and Santa Fe.Arrives Jacksonville, r
12:30, m.,assuring early connections for the
management of a large orange grove. Only MARIETTA STS. ATLANTA, OA. $. p.
parties who are willing pay a good. alary ; North and West. E.V.H. POST, Gen.Agt,
Chemical Analysis in all its Branches. Geological, Mining and II
need apply, Best references furnished. E. W. EBBETTS, On Board
Technical Advice. Phosphates and Fertiltzers a Specialty.
Address "Manager," care DISPATCH,FARM 100 W. Bay St. .

ER AND FRUIT GROWER, Jacksonville, Fla. '
FALL AND WINTER SEASON 1890 AND 189L vK 65 000 Very choice Niagara grape roots.

Five-bud cuttings of Niagara
: If suffer with any form of this terrible 100 000
you grape for sale cheap. "
loathsome disease and desire to get cured THE PAINE FERTILIZER COJMPANY
Both from old bearing vines,well matured
promptly, permanently. and cheaply, use wood and warranted true to name.I .
Turkish Electric Ointment. Immediate 'relief. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. can locate a few very desirable home
, u Action,cool and soothing., It Is the only & steads In South
,.,: remedy In the world,and cures the worst cases Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. C.& P. R. R., Florida.C.. I. PAGE, t
in existence. Bent by malt on receipt of one St.Johns River, East Jacksonville. 1.V.Aubumdale, Polk Co., Fla. '
r .+ ...
dollar-no free samples. We mean business. -r.

Don't hesitate,but remit at once,and address Manufacturers of Commercial :Fertilizers..

plainly, TURKISH PHARMACY Co., Albion, .i *, CANE MILLS

Mich. Wholesale dOl len In and Importers of all kinds of AgrlcultnralCnemlcals.

Send us your name and we will mall you from time to time,much general Information More kinds and sizes of Mills and Evaporators
DOES regarding:successful orange: and vegetable: culture In Florida. j for Sorghum and Sugar Cane,are made by The
BIymyer Iron Works)Co.,of Cindnnatl.O.,
Send,,for Circular / than by any other works in the world. They are '
: :telling the sole makers' of the Victor.Great Western and
j % When to Spray Florida P Jfitet Stills, the Genuine Cbot Evaporator and the
The Finest Recommendation, to be Obtained in the State.- Experiment Station-jas.
How to Spray DePass,:Director. Automatic Cook Jtoaporator. Send for Catalogue
; Prices and The Sorghum Hand Book.
and what Pumps to use.Agenta LAKE.CITY;, FLA.,Oct.29.1890.
MESSRS. E.T. PAINS&BON. Dear Sin-I have used your 'Oraa e Tree Foodon my
Wanted. -
grove for twayear and my.treeaare growing very finely. It Is an txeelltnt fertilizer and I OUTFIT I
.THE GOULDS MFG.'CO. ,can recommend. It most highly. Yours truly, JAS. P.D=Pdsa. G

: Seneca Falls,N. Y. .. ,r._ 'r" TAMPA.: FLA.,Oct.:20;lwb.MESSES. .,
,j .E.T.PAINE & 80:(. Gentlemen-I-am so far satisfied wK Ingot results obtained trxaios acs.w.a,.ass.
of "Orange Food': Fertilizer, of which I used over.fens the past season uvte .
riii by the use your vlU apn y 10O tmt par t*.rplM Ta
PROFIT (W THE SOUTH. My fruit Is very firm and heavy. Five years continuous use of this brad shows that It pro- n UM Hirktt Ui*MMOB ti sea
duces a thin tough-skinned fruit,which carries to market under avenge conditions In excellent e..a" r.4 e dia..,ta.t.dtaa a a.6a.p..k .++
ILLUSTRATED- LIST. FREE. shape Not one'bad order"report did I receive the past aea ee..<' The wood growth .sprays. for Ia.ruda. sat xu.M.. ...
i Vrr prto >
AIM M hpr.4 nrp *tT **
} .J _a1ac. Nursery Co, Tfcomaa obtained by the use of your fertilizer is not as great as by some other,feet! HEALTHY and L n TKKE.yiELD
", Tille, Georgia.. -OXBTAIN. Your truly, j.J.f: .,M. WATBOU



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Sure death to the Red Spider, Rust Mite and Scale

! .
:', fro Insect. Has no Caustic Soda, Saltpeter, Potash or

t '' other. caustic substance in its composition, and will .

not injure trees plants or fruit.



: : In..Great Variety, at Manufacturer's' Prices.


Way.cross-Railrod i Wharf\ 'P.' c FLORIDA.



t 'Is the most( effective compound yet discovered destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and j

; is a, sovereign remedy for :the various forms of, fungi ,on trees and plants. ,Being free from all substances a\

1., of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied ,.
to the trees at any stage of growth without tn ury.

r This insecticide,. has been used by some. .of the the largest orange growers in the State during the 1

!r past year, and has given perfect satisfaction. -References furnished on application. .. k

,l;. For Red Spider and _Scale, use'one gallon to fifty.:gallons of w ter. 'General directions' for using sent on application. .


-In barrels and haftJ'barrels. If there is no agent your vicinity, write for price delivered. 1

. t:. McMA-STER & MILLER: ;i

M San' Mate and Citra, Fla. fj


',: AND
i t. ,
=Th.'e :F'i'or'1cIa: D l.: ,: toIi. :J.1n.: J

r With the

The Great Fast Express M.F; ightCtlOnSystem of the South. .

t J?,
., The: attention'of'shippers Is directed to the Plant S. 8.'Line betweenHavana! ,Key West and Tampa.-and: south'Florida Railway between Tampa andSan1'01'd,8.,F.&W.By.between
Jacksonville,Gainesville,Bainbridge, River-Junction and Savannah,Savannah and'Chariest on,and Ocean Steamship Line between'Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
I York,and Merchants and Miner Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points In Florida and allpoint"North ,
and Northwest. .Be i selvers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections: ,
bonble dally fast freight service for all point'West via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double.daUy fast freight service from all points'North And West via Albany,Balnbrldge,
SaTannah. Jesup and[Savannah to all pMnts In Florida;fast freight trains both via GalneIT111eJack1ly -
fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonvllle,Callahan and Live Oak. ,
and Coast pointS, Including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington. and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
Providence. _. New York(New Pier 85,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday FJ1da.and'Four
connections week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving SavannahMondays Saturday.
,Wednnda'Fr1daya and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston May 7,11
Two connections a week for Baltimore via Merchants' and Miners'Transportation Com* 21 and 23 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with)tailpanyleavtng
Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for.all points In Florida. .:
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia May 10, 20! and 80,
.' May 7,1l,21 and 28. every five days from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.: 'j
Connections for Philadelphia every ten. via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving 'From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and,
Savannah May 6,11 and 21. Friday, making close connection with 8.,F.&W.By.for all polnta In Florida.
Sailing day Steamships, are subject; change without notice. ..
''The Florida DlspatcJi Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North,East and West to Florida For full particulars,rates;stencils and shipping receipts apply to .
eBtoofthebovellnevoTto. WM.P.HARDEE,Gen'l Freight Agent,Savannahla. I
0.D.'OWENETraMe? Manager,Savannah,'Ga.; F.:B.PAPY,ABst."Traffic Manager,SavannahGa.'V: I (.M.DAVIDSON, Gen'l Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fla.
: *. .yA..-.BPOTTSWOOD.. "-,''Trav." Agt- .,Gainesville-. .. .. /'F a. J.' P.JORDAN,Tra .Agent,'Qulncy. u:J._ E.DBAYTON___,Trav._Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.BTSPHBNS,Agent,Jackeonville

Euatis, Lake County, Fla., },
Offer *>r sale fur immediate p&m&ic :
--Manafoctured by the-
L. JB. Darling :FerlUlAer.: CtaBtpaajr; ,- ticket, 'a. I.BagteeiraXXffl .. ,A "FINE :STOCK OF ORANGE .ANt}) LEMON TREES'

r>sfr>iWaT h W I. JACKSONVILLE,:TLA.H. .One l '. .. '
ana two yearbnds>> j-d varletlea,all g owD'Bde 0. : ;_ -_
w. .;JaCOD_. _8Nl kb 7 uii ei'Ydi re*Fuse 7 tAe iCh ireeie.. P t BOnta iIM rnhT' -" '
: ; ......'witte 1ef\eiad.grriiees,
.e.'t 1 ft tU tp. .Lrw.\: 1iJ;rtelie. ., _
I_ --Ut 'I I1i m 1ir".fiMiiCi iir il. t. .H. :XOKT N.'. I


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HErhORIDADIsFATCli. n : '.

1RM ER o' Rtf I TROWER..


THE FLORIDA HORTI- dition to the damage from frost it let our: future operations be guided by vided between the producer and the
t seemed as though the fountains of its light. carrier. It could be and was clearly
heaven had dried up and the parched We can now see that thousands of
CULTURISTS. shown that those who the trees
earth and withering trees pleaded in orange trees have been planted in sections -
vain for refreshing showers. where it should never have been by years of unpaid toil were offeringmore

...' The peento peaches and plums of attempted. We can, see that much on the altar of their country
"'FOURTH ANNUAL MEETING than the carrier, who insists on immediate -
.. our northern sections, in common land planted to orange trees should
temuneration for his investment
.: OF THE SOCIETY with the citrus, pineapple, guava have been differently employed, and
of candid
and banana of the orange belt had this knowledge, though dearly paid Any man judgmentwill
been swept as with the besom of for, will prove a value in the perma see no reason why a railroad
,:Vigorous Proteat Against the Appointment destruction.The nent improvement of the State. It is should immediately pay a profit or
of' .a Oalifornian as faces of our members were sad ever thus in introducing new industries even running expenses any'more thin
Chief of the Horticultural De- with cruel memories of the past and into new localities under new an orange grove.In .
partment of the Wbrld's Fair. anxious forebodings of the future. We and untried conditions. The pioneers the nature of things it should not
looked sadly upon the labor of .years. pay for the knowledge, then those be expected of either, and to insist
shattered and tottering, and in spite of who come after, if they choose, can that one should bear the loss of bothis
The fourth annual meeting of the! grave doubts as to our future, pressed reap the benefits. one of the ob. a most preposterous injustice. Afterwe
Florida Horticultural society was heldon bravely forward. We said our pres- jects of such a society as this to collect had struggled for years under the
the 12th, 13th and I4th inst., at ent crop is gone beyond preadventure, and make available ,the information exactions of the transportation companies
; Interlachen, Fla. This place lies but we must bear the loss and hope in I obtained by the successes and failures and thought we could see a ray
eighteen miles from Palatka, in the the next. Our members estimatedthe of our horticulturists.It of light ahead; when we thought we
high rolling pine lands of the lake crop of oranges as likely to be "ft is i not only important to know had a crop which might leave a mar-
' region of West Putnam county.. It is or possibly yz an average. what to plant and how t. plant but gin in our thin wallets, then the trans-
but ten years since the first tree was The ability of an orange'tree to recover where to plant, and when the evidenceis portation companies also saw$200,000that
felled in the virgin forest, yet hundreds from injury and produce fruit all in we shall find no one thing, we were likely to get and they
of acres of orange trees cominginto under difficulties was never more distinctly no one mode, no one place is of universal calmly reached out and took it. The
bearing surround the town, and shown than in this case. In preference, but many varieties loss of this $200,000 is a serious blowto
the commodious and tastefully en- spite of repeated frosts and protracted of crop, diverse modes of culture and Florida horticulturists. It is$200-
vironed homes, scattered about "be- droughts;, in defiance of all our pre- varied location will each have its clear 000 taken, right out of the hands of
tween the lakes" gives the air of an dictions of failure we are just finishing advantages. By a broad and judicious men who wanted it to use in further
older settlement. It was in responseto the shipment of the greatest crop ever study of these points we can reasonably improvement or in payment of debts
the invitation' of the citizens of In-I produced in the State. hope to see our broad State produce already contracted. It has crippled
terlachen that the society selected With the results of this great crop a in perfection a great variety of many who were barely able to move be-
this spot for its fourth annual session. matter of history, and with our groves valuable products. fore. But worse than this-worse than
and orchards in full vigor and full of Though the dark clouds of frost the immediate loss of the$200,ooo-is
t FIRST DAT-Morning Session. promise, we meet to-day in this fair and drouth which caused the our loss of confidence in the future.

o'clock city of the I lakes under a horticulturalsky gloom of last year have cleared away, Whatobject,what encouragement,what
The society convened at 12 on which neither frosts nor though nature has smiled on us hope is before us for the future? If
noon on Tuesday, the 12th inst. The droughts cast a single shadow. and blessed us with abundant the transportation companies can take
reverend. D. Brown ot Intcrla-
The frequently' occurring frosts in rains, genial sunshine and promise $200,000 from us this year they can
chen, opening with prayer. Mayor some parts of the State are an unmis of a prolific reward for our earn. just as well take $400,000 next year
with the address
Warren Taylor followed takable admonition that in horticultural est labor and our patient waiting, and $2,000,000 the year after, if they
of welcome, alluding very hap since last darker think our will sell for that
State has wider our meeting a crop
capabilities our a yet :
fact that the of In
1 pily to people range, and it will be wise to heed the and more impenetrable cloud has amouunt. This arbitrary act of the '
terlachen were engaged, almost exclusively
lessons which these visitations give us. thrown its shadow across our path transportation mpanies has given
in a pursuit to' promote, A State which stretches through and fills us all with feelings of discouragement them $200,000 of our money this year
which the chief of the
was object society but it will to them as well as us
hundreds of miles of latitude and and indignation. In prove
and extending to its members a longitude, which contains a great va spite of frost and drouth we last fall a most unprofitable business. It has
cordial welcome and the 'freedom of
1 riety of soil and exposure, cannot in found ourselves in possession of a crop paralyzed our progress. It has madeit
the city. the nature of things be adapted over of fruit and the people to the northof too risky for cautious men to invest
Mr. T. L. Meade, of Ovejdo: responded all its surface to the growth of the us ready to buy it ,of us. Our reward money in groves when transportation
to the address of welcomein same products. Why should Brevard for faithful, long-continued toil companies show the disposition and
a felicitous little speech, which county expect to equal Jefferson in seemed at hand when, without any the ability to take just as much of the

elicited. repeated applause. the production of pears, or why should notice, without any reasonable excuse, crop as they please. This is the immediate
I. The feature of the morning sessionwas Escambia try to equal Dade in a crop the transportation companies entered result. The nurseries of
the of cocoanuts. Let Baker county into a conspiracy and took from us Florida have been stripped of trees for

President's Annual Address. worthily wear her honors for luscious $200,000 of the money it sold for. nejv orange groves not in Florida but
peaches, nor expect to pluck the Previous to this new turn of the screws 3,000 miles away over the mountains,
Dudley W. Adams, of Tangerine, laurels which her more southern sections the rates we had paid diem were out where they will be planted and the
has been president since the founda- have won for their matchless rageously high. It cost ,us more to product sent at lower freight rates,
v tion of the society, he said: oranges and pineapples. The horticulture send a box of oranges from Floridato to fill OUR markets. So far as I can

;; Ladies and Gentlemen: of Florida is i* its infancyand New York than from Italy to New learn all the nurseries in the State are

One year ago when our society met her gardens and plantations of York. The rates from Florida over straining every nerve to grow a big
in the beautiful city of DeLand, our fruit have been and still are much in the easy curves and grades of Eastern stock of trees for next' season's plant
horticultural sky was clouded and the nature of an experiment Our roads were higher than those from ing, but of them all I do not knowof
Two severe and unusual climate and soil are still on trial and California over the sharp curves and a single one that expects to sell
gloomy.frosts had caused widespread damage' whatever damage we receive from I heavy grades of the Rocky Mountains.We them to Florida planters. All are
to our orchards and gardens, and all frosts or other climatic conditions I all along felt, and had a right to busy growing for planting on the other

around us the weak and crippled trees must be charged up to our education.If feel, that the expenses and hardshipand side of the Rocky Mountains, where have
and plants bore united testimony to the knowledge thus dearly boughtis privation incident upon developing the transportation companies
.' ..'. of value a new industry was not fairly di learned that to make money. they
the severity of the affliction. In ad- to be any to us we mus. .


'- t l.Y.. .. ..rv.W 14.Y 1y...-an .Ywa +ai.- _y ..<"' "'---_ .'\O. : .-,4. .




must do some business and allow their fed like urging the railroad to enlargea reach our customers our business can of the Agriculturist, DeLand; Prof. J.
customers to do some business too. business, at. which they say they can- never be profitable.Next N. Whitner, Lake City; Rev. N.
If any orange grower to-day was in not pay r 1n expenses. ;'By grow. to transportation ,comes the \Voodworth, Welaka; Col. D. H. Elliott
Italy instead of Florida, he could shipa ing 'my own corn and oats I can save proper'mode of packing and market Sanford; Major G. P. Healy and
box of fruit through the Mediterranean them ,the ,loss they would sustain in ing our crops. In this particular we E. C. Hammond, of Seville;,. BaronH.
sea, across the Atlantic Ocean hauling away my truck and hauling are making rapid progress. This is von Luttichau, Earlton; W. H.
and pay tariff on it at the 'customhouse back my grain. To'any one who,has entirely in our own hands, and if it is Mann, Manville;James'Mott, Orlando] ;
in New York for less, money given thought to the subject of mov- not properly done we have no one to A..H.Crane, Nashua; 'H. S. Hubbard,
than I pay for the bare freight:; to New ing our crop,it assumes grave magni blame but ourselves. Federal Point; rA- H. Manville, Jacksonville
York, and then the/"service we receive ; tude. At present we are, entirely] Few appreciate the importance of'a ; Hon. :H. S. Williams, Rock-
is as much inferior as the'price' the mercy of those who stand betweenus proper preparation of fruit to pleasethe ledge; Prof. ''C. L. Hopkins, Agricul
is higher. The fruit from Italy comes and our customers. eye of a fastidious public. Often tural Department, Washington Dr.
. in properly constructed steamers and, Two problems confront, us, to-day. the package in which a fruit is put and J. M. Hawks, Hawks Park; Arthur:
of course, properly handled, ,while : One ,is, how to.grow fruit, the other, the way it is laid has more influence H. Brown, Belleview;, H. H. Porter,
ours is thrown roughly about and how to move and sell it. In the on the price than the intrinsic value of Leesburg; C.; C. ,Lund, Daytona;. J.
stowed in any haphazard a anner'''land' solution of the first problem, we are the fruit itself. It will pay and forever E. Burgess and W. H. H.,! Hotdridge
place regardless of 'heat, cold i or:ventilation making perceptible progress. In the cure a careless] packer to visit Grove Park; C. J. ,Chase, the well-
and reaches its destination in second rwe are. in worse shape than and spend a day, or week in the great known orange packer, Sanford; B.
such condition,as such treatment will ever'and rfurther-than'ever from a final marts where, sold. The neat, Garrett, Lake Maltland; "E. J. Cox, t
insure. Under such conditions. for solution. 'To these problems] must trim, tasty package attracts attention, Gabriella; Whiteman, Orange Park;
the transportation of our crop is' it, :'give our best thought and undivided I pleases the eye and whets'the appetite. C. J. ,Wild, Port Orange; E. :R. Mc-
any wonder that our people are:discouraged en rgies. If "we can solve] them we A'dirty'' awkward package repels the Kean, editor Times, Palatka, W.1.I.llcGiffj .
and indignant at the present can stay; :if not we must yield gracefully seeker for'dainties und causes a gorgein ; DeLand;; J., M. L'eedy, Ed.
and oppressed with dark forebodingsof 'as be''to the inexorable,bane his throat.
may At an 'auction 'sale I I Rumley, Keuka; W. C. Hewitt, Staun-
the future. Is it strange that our of"the survival of'the,fittest and leave noted particularly] one lot of-oranges. tonV.; J. Walker, T. J. Watkins,
i nurserymen have to look in less' the field rclear to those who 'have free mixture
oppressed They were, a ot brights and Winsor; J. H. Lester, Rochelle; 'Dr.
localities (or a market for access to''the markets. We must not russets of all sizes, ,but of fair quality. E. E. Pratt, Limona;; _Ed. Hunter,
their trees? The lot of our truck: l hide 1 our' heads in the sand like the They were unwrapped, and evidently Zellwood; Frank Boucher, Orlando;
growers is even, more hopeless than stupid ostrich, but we must face,the poured into the boxes from a bag and J. Overton Paine, Jacksonville; D.
the orange grower. The rates are cold facts that all other 'orange grow shaken down. The 'boxes were illy VV. Perry, Pomona; H.V.. Roup,
such that any full crop cannot be ers in America and Europe can reach made of rough, weather beaten pine McMeekin; E. Bean, Jacksonville; F.
marketed at' all. This' season the market by better and cheaper modest and slack filled. When the auction.eer G. Sampson, Boardman; Dr. S. ,\V.
frosts killed' !the, vegetable crop'over a aI we and 'it is only a question of offered the lot he failed to get a Iood v. Orala.
large part of the State, so the small time rand close competition when 'We bid at all and passed them by; at the Quite' a number of ladies were, in
amount which has es aped'can be go to the"'rear. It is very'unfortunate close of the sale he again offered them attendance. t
marketed at fancy prices'and so ]leave, that the producer and carrier whose and got a bid of 10 cents per box,
something for the fortunate 'growers. prosperity is dependent each on the which was finally raised to 30 cents Afternoon Session.In .
Cabbages, which unfortunately could other cannot work in harmony and and sold. At the same sale I saw the afternoon session, by consent J
not be killed, are in such large supply thus advance the fortunes 'of both. fruit not a bit better sold at $1.75 per the regular order: was suspendedand
that they cannot be sold at any fancy but the flatness of pocket caused by that box, only because put up in attractive Col. D. H. Elliott stated that
price, and so, after' the transportation, $200,OOO grab still gives us pain and shape.It Walter S. Maxwell,. of ,California,' recently -
there is nothing left for the 'grower. bids us look for additional blood let- always pays well to spend time appointed chief of the horticultural -.
I heard of one car load that brought ting on the first '''opportunity; and at in very careful selection and proper ] department of the Chicago ex-
back to the grower a check for'$x7, any moment they can dictate to usexactly grading of our fruit. For instance, position, had not yet been confirmed.He .
and it must always be so with high. how much they will appropriate at one time I packed a lot of my finest urged; a vigorous protest. '
rates of transportation. out, of the sale of our crop, and fruit, and as it came from the trees There was a general expression, of '
At fancy prices the amount con. we have 'rno redress. We can only would grade choice bright, and if sold indignation. A committee was ,
appointed -
.sumed must always be comparatively halt where we are and risk no more at-that time in New York would have to draft suitable resolutionsand
::small and, of course, the number employed investing our time and money subjectto brought not to exceed $2 per box brought in the following report:
in its production few, so un :their service. I have already taken gross, as the sizes were, so large. Your committee beg to submit its
.der present conditions it is not easy more of your time than I intended, From this lot I selected less than half report in the form of the following
'io see how an extensive growing o f but I must say a word about our of the} finest specimens, every one'of letter, .which it has drafted, and recommends -
vegetables will pay a profit., Vegetables -' Society 'and its objects. Those who which was fit for an exhibition table.I that it be forwarded,at,once
can be quite cheaply grown are often with us have noticed that packed them as neatly as I knew after receiving the unanimous indorse-
here, and if we had cheap and rapid the' labors of all officers and privatesare how and received a check for $5.42 ment of the society:
transit for .them we could supply; an labors of love; no officers draw net per box, thus less than half,the lot
immense quantity at any price that fat'salaries, but.rank and file work for brought me, more net money than INTERLACHEN, FLA., May 12.. ,1891.
would place them within reach of the equal pay.Ve meet"and spend our the whole lot would if it had been George R. Davis, Director-General,
millions, and then the industry could, time and money because we wish to do shipped unassorted, and then those World's Columbian. \Exfosition, Chi
grow to mammoth'proportions,,giving something to elevate and improve the remaining sold quite as well or even ago IU.:
? profitable employment to thousands country we'have chosen. We do this setter, tor naving naa the! extras DEAR SIR-The Florida'State Hor-
where now only hundreds follow the that we may grow more and better picked out, as they were thus madeof ticultural Society, in annual meeting rv
'hazardous occupation. In one respect -' products and do it economically. We more even quality. assembled, has learned, with regret,
however, the trucker has the do it primarily that we may reap Begging your pardon for consum that Walter S. Maxwell, of California,
advantage of the orchidisL He 'can' the benefits accruing; yet, where'' we ing so much of your time, thankingyou has been appointed (but not confirmed)
quit the business and grow something doll the work and have all the expense for your patient attention and I to the office of chief of the horticul-
.. else, but the orange and peach grower r of these''meetings, many others wishing'you all a pleasant and profit. tural department of the World's Columbian -
cannot abandon the work of'a'decadeor reap incidentally :direct and indirect able'meeting' I will leave to you the ] exposition.
more so easily. I must stick to benefits. Every additional box of further consideration of these and Therefore we, the Florida Horticul-
my grove, but I have put my truck fruit1' or vegetables we grow puts business kindred topics. tural Society, by unanimous vote, pro-
field to, growing oats, corn' and rice 'and money into the hands of'the The reports of Secretary. S. : test, earnestly and emphatically, against
'for my mules, simply because I could transportation companies. We are I Hart, Hawks Park, and Treasurer J: said appointment as unjust to,the hor-
not make clear money enough' fromthe doing even: more for them than for B. Anderson, San Mateo, showed the ticulturists of Florida] 'and we would
truck to' buy them. 'For 'the last, I'ourselves and yet they'make everyone society to be in a flourishing conditionas respectfully submit that, while we haveno
six weeks I have fed my mules.mainly of us pay them a profit on''' our ride to membership (over two hundred) candidate of our own to offer for
on cabbage, crab grass, hay' and corn this meeting while 'we give: our time with a balance of some hundreds of that position, yet as horticulturists we '
fodder because the cabbage would not and pay"'our'own board. It is not so dollars on hand. There were sixty- ask for the appointment of a man'who
buy corn, and the ynever looked fatteror everywhere, but it is so. here. Jn two 'visiting members present, which, represents the whole country, and -
sleeker. This week my men are Georgia, the railroads carry membersfree with the local members, gave an attendance whose acts would be non-sectional :
harvesting a fine field of pats on 'to and from the meetings of ,the of about one hundred. H. WILLIAMS,
which no transportation company; 'can' State' Horticultural Society.I Among those present, in additionto W. H. MANN, \
raise the rates. In common with)my have' 'spoken on this subject of those mentioned above, were: Ly. J. WHITNER, : -.
neighbors I have abandoned trucking transportation at much length becauseit man Phelps, Sanford; Major' O. P. Committee, (.
because I can't afford to pay:present: seems to me the most importantof Rooks, Fruitland Park; Hon.. C. F. Unanimously passed and letter
rates, and 'at the same time 1 do 'not -all] for'without facilities
proper to A. Bielby and editor E. O. Painter, transmitted with indorsement ofthe,


.. .. ..,.,..,,.,....


president and secretary, and the following adheres firmly to the stem, etc., etc. cross' between Delaware and some of vines seem not to have given satisfac-
message wired: Very juicy, ripens with Concord or a Arnold's hybrids, probably the very tion, but they had probably been
"The Florida Horticultural Society, little earlier. early grape "Brant," which accountsfor frozen a few days after planting,
in annual'convention assembled, most On our grounds Eaton does not seem its earliness and also it, propensityto which weakens seme varieties of grapevines
earnestly and emphatically protests to be as strong a grower as Concord.In mildew. It is described as follows: forever. I propose to investi-
against the appointment of Walter S.. Florida, anyway, on account of our Quality best, equal to Delaware, gate the matter, and next month visit -
Maxwell, of California, as superintendent long distance from markets, it will which it much resembles, but is even all the Diamond vineyards in the
of the ,horticultural department. never be but) an amateur grape, although ; sweeter, though not quite as huh State. In my own vineyards the
Protest has been forwarded by mail., as such it should be in the collection flavored and without a trace of foxi- growth of Diamond vines surpassedthat
(Signed) "DUDLEY: W. ADAMS.. of all grape growers. ness. Pulp very juicy and tender to of Niagara of same age, being
tt# "President." GREEN MOUNTAIN.-Thisgrape has the centre; skin thin but, tough, to .next to Old Fort, the most vigorous .
This telegram was addressed to Di- been advertised extensively and we which characteristics it owes, in part, of all my vines of the Labrusca family.
rector-General George R. Davis, at all know that eulogistic editorials gen- its good keeping, handling and ship OLD .FORT.-This grape found wild
Chicago, Ill. erally accompany well-paid advertise- ping qualities. by a friend of mine in the mountainsof
ments. Here is the description given The Moyer' vines I bought two North Carolina should not, per
Afternoon Session. by the propagators as copied from their;, years ago were very small, propagatedfrom haps, find a place in this nomenclature -
:, The grape growing in. Florida :was circular.This extra early and delicious one eye cuttings, and 'although of,valuable novelties, as it has no
taken up and the following ,papers grape stands at the head of the warranted with the great''' seal of the pretention to being very fine and looking
't read: list for earliness, good bearing and company, they did not thrive. Threeor like a greenhouse grape, but it is:
Grapes:' ,New and Old Varieties. vigorous growth. ,It was found grow- four were killed by the freeze of so early, so vigorous and so prolificthat
ing on one of the slopes of the Green, March, 1890; the others are looking it will prove of some value to>
Finding impossible, to my regret, Mountains of Vermont. The vine is sickly with a poor I showing of fruit., those who cannot raise the finer sorts.
to attend the meeting of our Florida a young and very profuse bearer, the The leaves and young shoots are The two last' seasons have been very
Horticultural Society, I thought I blossom is perfect and the bunches are' affected with anthracnose. Amongthe unfavorable''for the testing of new va-
would send you the results of my observations of good size, handsomely formed and testimonials printed,in the circu- rieties on account of severe spring
in,regard to grapes the last well shouldered. The berries are of lar of the Moyer there is not, one frosts%hich injured the young vines
two years; that is, since I publishedmy medium size, .color greenish white; from outside the province of Ontario, before:they had made roots strong
little treatise on grape growing skin thin and leaving no unpleasantness Canada. enough to ever recuperate from so
and winemaking in Florida. whatever in the mouth.when eaten WHITE DIAMOND.ThiS is undoubtedly much waste of sap. Fortunately, such
During that period several hundred pulp tender and sweet, with a slight the most promising'' of all unseasonable frosts are of rare occur-
acres have been planted in grapes, inclination towards the,vinous(?) The the new varieties of grapevines and rence in this climate and should not
consisting mostly of the market varieties seeds, which are very few, separate it is planted much more extensivelythan discourage any grape grower.
among which Niagara entered for from the tender pulp with the slightest any other owing to its now well My advice to beginners in grape
about two-thirds, Delaware and White pressure after leaving the skin. It is established reputation of being a culture,is to go slow in the planting of
Diamond nearly forming the balance.In entirely free from foxiness 'and resembles strong grower and heavy bearing vine new varieties not sufficiently testedin
our Southern counties Niagarais a hothouse grape more nearly producing the best American white ,this State; try those which are saidto
said to hold its own, while in our than any outdoor grape we have ever grape in existence. Thousands of do'well elsewhere and plant largely
clay soil of Middle Florida it already vines be of those have giving
seen., are 'going to' set out next only you seen ;
shows signs of decline. This, how- I had never seen the Green Mountain season. A new company! known as satisfaction in your own section.E. .
ever, may be attributed to the fact vines before 1 set out a dozen the Boyer Diamond ,Grape Co., has DUBOIS.
that Niagara vines seem to ,have suf plants this spring, but I happened to been formed by capitalists of Rochester Ban Luis Vineyard,Tallahassee,A,>rll 21 '91. .
fered more from' the frosts of last year it N. Y. where this --
seethe fruit once and was far from variety origin.
and this year than almost any other looking like a hothouse grape! The ated, and expect'to set out this spring Grape Culture in South Florida.
variety.We bunches were long and straggling, ,the 100 acres, at Farmer Village, Seneca is awakening a great interest here as:
had, this year, growing side by berries hardly medium and of a dull County, N. Y. well as among the grape growers and
side, Worden, Niagara, Ives and El- green color. I :was taken to task by E. P. Powell, of Oneida County, capitalist of the North who are being
vira, all one-year old plants set out in the Green Mountain people, throughan N. Y., writes in Popular Gardening: attracted here because of its many
the latter part of February, and having editorial of the New York Fruil "Diamond, a superb white grape advantages and continued success.
made,about the same growth when Trade Journal; for not admiring their with splendid foliage, splendid bunches You all know the last two seasons all
this April frost came. W rden vines new production and accused of "being and a large berry. Hayes is spicy, over the United States have been unusual
were all frozen to the ground, two afraid of the competition of this early Diamond is likewise. It can be re and crops of all kinds have been
thirds of the Niagara badly i injured, and delicious grape." Now, I claim commended in highest terms." cut off by different causes. I think
Ives and Elvira hardly touched at all for each nurseryman the right of ex- From a correspondent in Rural Florida has suffered as little as any.of
Of course I will not infer from that pressing his opinion in regard to the New Yorker:' "D-amond is now well the States the past year. 'The unusual
that we should not( plant any Niagarasand quality and beauty of a fruit or vigorof tested and proves good 'everywhere." frost''of 1890 hurt us, this year we
Wordens. I try simply to explainthe a plant just as he sees it and not From a correspondent in Popular unfortunately were located in the pathof
weakness of our old Niagara vines. through the originator's eyes. Gardening: "Diamond has fruited a severe hail storm that took our
And the thing which I want to say ,with three is first that estimated
Some Green Mountain grapevines us years and so superiorto crop, was by
right here is, that all wood' from such have been planted this season throughout any other white grape we have, Northern vineyardists to be twelve
sickly vines ought to be discarded by the State. Let us see how early that such others are left in the shadein tons on our five acre vineyard that
1 the propagator. Sound wood froma and productive they prove to be, and pointof quality.In was three, years from planting. Although
healthy vine only will make a healthy how they compare with White Dia- Horticultural Art Journal, twen- the vines have put on considerable
' plant. moncLand Niagara in. quality and mar. ty-five nurserymen having made an fruit since the storm it has delayed -
4 NEW VARIETIES. ket value. In two years from now we investigation of the White Diamond the time of ripening.But .
Among the multitude of new grapes will be better posted to give an opine vineyards near Rochester, come to we are thankful that our vine- .
lately introduced, I will only mention ion. Vines will be cheaper, too. the following conclusion: "We regard yards are located in the South where
those having already acquired a certain In the Horticultutal Art Journal of this (Diamond), all things considered, the recuperative powers is so great. .
notoriety. In my praise of some and September, 1890, I read: "Elwanger as the best white grape we have seen It is astonishing that to-day we can
criticism or disparagement t others & Barry, of this city (Rochester; N. this season." Now how about Diamond look across the vineyards and see the
I want it to be well understood that I Y.,) make the assertion, backed up by in Florida? Over 4,000 vines I thriftiness of the foliage and the
.am guided solely by my ardent wishto what seems indisputable testimony, have been planted last season; I mean amount of fruit we shall have if noth--
see the grape industry prosper in that 'Winchell,' which they have been in the spring of 1890, and most of ing further happens. In addition to
Florida. .I may-I will-find. contradictors offering in their catalogue for the past the parties who set them out report the number of acres that have been
,but all I ask of them'is fair play five or six years, and the Green Mountain that they are pleased with their planted in Polk, VolusiaSt, Johns and
veracity and disinterestedness of pur- are identical and come from the growth. Mr. Geo. Zellhofer( .of Orange counties we are now planting
same source.," In such case what be- Grand Island, Fla., says: "I have fifty acres for the Florida Niagara
pose.EATON-Introduced a few years ago comes of the trade mark, copyright,, both Niagaras and Diamond growing Vineyard Company, of Rochester,N.
,and described as follows: Leaf 'large, etc.? side by side. The Diamond is fullyas Y., and will prepare the ground this
thick and Jeathery, covered on the OYER.-Originated some eight healthy as the Niagara, and in season to plant 200 acres more next
und_ t side with a thick brownish yellow years ago in Lincoln County, Ontario, starting out this spring it is in advanceof year for them. This will make insight .
own.. Bunch very large, twelve Canada, and is said to be a cross be- the latter." Mr. Geo. Watson, of Niagara Villa 300 acres of
toXwenty.five ounces, compact, double tween the Delaware and some purely Windsor, Fla., writes: "My Niagaras vineyards planted to Niagaras. I
.\shouldered, berries very large native variety. At first sight, however grew finely, better than any of hope all persons contemplating plant- .
many one inch in diameter, round, anyone familiar with Canada my vines." ing a vineyard will consider the sub- .
black, covered, with,heavy blue bloom. grapes will see that Moyer must be a Around Orlando some Diamond ject well, look on all sides of it before"I. .

.. .


r' .rn t.'r yy,. w*;; + arm :.,.':r.I. "s.-V.'; "-,, :-tIr; .:.. i" 'H" egr. ':_ 'F a- yF,arm* v 77

6 -THE' -. FLORIDA-' -_.- DISPATCH- # .- FABMEB. -- .AND. .- FnUlT-GROWEB.- -- (ftk* 21,1891

starting. A vineyard cannot be exactly alike, but dn general) principles sales never has anthracnose with him. There was a general expression of
started and cared for without money for vines that have made a good He had not succeeded with the Flame confidence in this fruit for profitable
any more than anything else, and growth through the season, two of the Tokay. shipment to Northern markets.Mr. .
'when Mr. Lamoreaux made the state- laterals should be cut back to about The relative value of White Dia.. Woodworth said some progress
ment that we were almost pennilesswhen four buds each, the others spur back mond and Niagara was brought up. had been made in straightening out
we started, he never made a to one, bud each., Smaller vines leave General expression that they promised the badly confused nomenclature, and
greater mistake in his life. From over one or two buds on each .lateral, and equally well.Under that a number of varieties were now
six years experience we find the land if there should be any that hav made, the head fertilizing grapes, identified and known to the nurserymen -
,best adapted for grapes'to be fir class a weak growth cut them off to two. an animated discussion arose as to of the State.
. pine land where water does not stand buds from the ground and let them : whether_ fertilizers should be appliedto Maj. Rooks called attention to the
,within, two or three feet of the surface, grow another year. The laterals or the surface or deep in the ground; borer, which was working in the roots
with a gray soil.; Avoid the white and branches, should be tied securely to the facts brought, out seemed to show of the trees throughout the State. "
black soils, also washed land., Be the wire, which will end, the first sea- that the roots would reach for it Mr. Bielby said these borers were easily -
sure' your shipping point is located near; son's work. Cultivation for'the second whether above or below it. Mr. destroyed by a little diluted car-
do not attempt to haul 4to.6 miles, year should be commenced Feb- Meade said palms would reach deep bolic acid which he forced into their tI
your fruit will not stand it. Do ,not ruary i to 15. The Diamond vines, fertilizer if any plant or tree would, holes from an ordinary machinist's oil ,
attempt the business unless you are we find,do not make a very satisfactory but that he had found no benefit de .
able to prepare your land, buy first. growth, ,nor: do they show the strengthand rived from deeply buried plant food. can.Mr.. Anderson said they found it
class vines, fertilizers, posts and wire vigor, the vine should have to suc- Mr. Phelps thought such fertilizersas easy to keep these borers from attack ,
for trellis and give them the care they ceed in our warm 'climate, and we are ground bone if put in too deep ing the trees in the nursery by simply
require. In preparing the land for"a .not willing to recommend it for vine- were;' not available owing to its valu- keeping the ground clean and free
vineyard it should be thoroughly yard planting until further tests have able properties becoming insoluble.In from weeds and grass about the collar
broken up and all roots taken, out, to been made. The Green Mountain applying to any crop he would put of the trees.
the,depth of fifteen inches.: From :vines were in bloom March 21, but fertilizer on the surface and stir in Mr. Meade said he had no more
our experience we are convinced the all growth was cut off by the hail that lightly to incorporate with the soil difficulty in budding persimmons than
vines planted in rows running East day, but at.that date they were too and prevent dissipation by" the sun's oranges. He worked the trees when
and West afford more shade for the weeks in advance of the Niagara. It quite small on the first rise of sap in
fruit as well as the vine itself than if has set considerable fruit since the rays.The talk drifted to fertilizing orange spring or as late as the bark will slipin
they were North and South.In storm, and we think we will be able to trees, and Messrs. Bielby, Phelps and the fall, cutting the bud without
staking off: the ground the end test its shipping qualities this year. others strongly advocated allowing the wood.
posts should be set first, so as to be a Noah is making a very even growth grass to grow ,in well established .
guide in running the rows straight and promises well. Etta, Jessica groves, on certain moist or springy SECOND DAY.
, across the fields. Different ideas are Jefferson, Iowa, Moyer, Goethe Rogers soils applying mineral (chemical) fertilizers On motion, the regular order was
held as regards distance apart for rows No. i, Lindley Rogers NO.9, (to the top and cultivatingwith suspended and the subject of fertilization .
and vines-Sxp," xio and 10x10, -our Empire State Dutchess, Pocklington, a mowing machine. was taken up. Mr. Bielby,
usual methods are 8x9 and 9x10. The Mason's Seedling, Vergennes, Uh- Prof. .Hopkins gave a number of Chairman of the Committee on Fer.
. holes should be of sufficient size to land's table grapes, Norton's Virginia, instances where the roots of plants tilizers, made a verbal report, which
place the roots in every direction Cynthiana, Herbermont, "Ires' wine had penetrated very deep in search of was followed by a lengthy discussion.Mr. .
Thus far our plan has been to dig a grapes, are all doing well, but the two food. In one case grass roots extended Bielby said there was not sufficient
hole 2 feet wide by 3 feet long and unfavorable seasons unables us to to a depth of ten to eleven unanimity of opinion among
from 8 to 12 inches deep, accordingto give a decision upon these varieties in feet.In successful orange growers to make
the height of the land. One poundof this section until tested another year.It reply to the proposition that fertilizers possible a report which would be accepted -
pure ground bone is then placed in may be of interest to all present do not go down in Florida as authoritative. There was a
} the hole and thoroughly,mixed, the know how our fruit ,came out last sea- soils, Mr. Mann said he had been great variety of opinion and practice
top soil being used for this mixture, son. Owing to the continued drouth obliged to abandon a well entirely on among those who obtain good results.As .
which is then covered with about two and frost our fruit was late. The first account of the waters becoming impregnated for himself he had not changedhis
inches of top soil; this will give the shipment, July 8, netted us 5occnts with lime from the mortar views as expressed in the paper he
plant food for a sufficient length of per pound, but the last two or three beds where lime was slakened,on the presented at the last session. He
time to allow it to establish its new shipments came in competition with surface. still believed in mineral fertilizers-in
feeding roots from the crowD, as all North Florida and Georgia fruit, Major Healy had buried palmettoroots sulphate of potash, bone phosphate,
after-feeding is from the surface.' The which reduced the price very mate as deeply as possible and, subsequently and sulphate of ammonia as the most
most critical period in the life of the rially. Our net average price obtained (found a mass of orange roots economical_ source of these important
vine is the first six months after plant- I was 25 cents per pound.L. feeding on them. elements and he applied this to the
ing. As there are usually two or more E. HAYNES. Mr. Bielby thought if roots wouldgo top, and let the rain wash them downto
shoots start, the strongest should .be Niagara Villa,Orlando, May 11,1891. deep down for the nutriment to he the roots-he had not changed his
securely tied to ,the stake as nearly found in palmetto roots, they would mind as to hauling saw grass muck
, perpendicularly as possible., After it In the discussion on the grape, certainly ,find a picnic in sulphate of into,an orange grove being a "harm-
' has attained a growth of ,12 to 15 Baron Luttichau spoke at length of potash, sulphate of ammonia and less amusement"-but of no benefit to
, inches the rest should be taken away; his success, now of long standing, phosphoric acid spread upon the sur the trees. This brought a general expression -
again, if any vine should be slow tot with"'European varieties. In responseto face and carried to the feeding roots on the muck question pro and
start, the soil should be loosened inquiries he said he had used the just beneath by the rains. The finest con. Opinion was about equally divided -
, around the vine sufficiently to.allow scuppernong as a stock; the vines trees he had, had had no instrument of as to the value of muck as a
the new shoots to get through.The grew'' vigorously the first two 'years culture about them save the mowing fertilizer, or the economy of its appli-
wires should be put in place as but 'failed to fruit. He had found machine.: cation to the soil. '
soon as possible after the vines are Taylor the best stock, and next to Mr. Phelps thought that plant food Mr.Bielby\ got ammonia from various
planted, the first one 2 feet from the Taylor, Lindley. He esteemed Chas- in the shape of chemical fertilizers sources-fish scrap, tankage and sul-
ground, the second, 14 inches above sales, Chassales Luttichau and Blue should be applied i in soluble condi- phate. Had not used nitrates, but
the first; the third, 14 inches above Madaline the best varieties, as they tion, spread on top beyond the rangeof proposed to try them this year.
the second. As the vine becomes of come off early, before the summer the branches of the trees. The scrap and tankage gave the
sufficient length it should be securelytied rains set in-which- are ruinous to TUESDAY EVENING. (faster growth, the latter being exten-
to each wire. ripening fruit-Black Hamburg is The Committee on Figs presentingno sively used in his vicinity, and with
Allow from four to six laterals or too .late. Up to date, Niagara had report, a short time was given to good results when not applied in ex-
branches to start below the first wire done well with him on Taylor roots, the discussion of this fruit. tensive quantity. The sulphate wasslower
or .and tie them securely to the wire. yielding 8 to 10 lbs. of fruit to the Mr. Bielby recommended the White ; did not give the trees the dark
After this stage has been reached the vine. He increased the; size of manyof Genoa (brought here from California) green color, but a better and more
vine can be left to grow for the balance his bunches, by ringing the vine and the well known Purple Brunswickfor mature wood. The common opinionthat
of the season; the ground, meanwhile just above the bunch. Had I them high pine land. N. Woodworthhad a tree with rank dark green color
must be kept stirred with the weigh as much as 5 pounds. He recommended never failed of a crop of White, was healthy and in a desirable condition
"Achme" harrow at least once in ten I avoidance of ammoniated Marsailles. was an error. But the black
days, until September i, then all cul- fertilizers and the use of bone for bearing Pa read on the Kaki (Japan greed color was an indication of being
tivation can cease.. This will allow vines. Did not believe in 'Bordeaux Persimmon) by Robert A. Mills, over fed with ammoniaand that a tree
ample time for the wood to ripen up mixture for anthracnose; useda of Chuluota! and James Mott, of Or having this appearance was in danger.
by December i. It is difficult to givea wash of one pound.sulphate of ironto lando. '(These papers are withheldand Had some trees that had done well,
definite plan to prune 'by, as there one quart of water, applied with a will be given our readers at a future which had received nothing but pot-
<:are. hardly any two vines that grow brush,after pruning in January. Chas: date). ... ash and bone for some.years: but'V"
F { J



_. -
""":: ',.... '.



MAY 21,1'8911] '- THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER, AND' FRUIT-GROWER.: .. .., ..0 V407 ... .

V .. -
thought some ammonia would be neces- ed instructing the president and secre- these groves there are 3o-y ar-otd lemon" the coming stock, producing a

sary. He believed,' the best form of tary to petition the Agricultural Department buds on rough lemon stocks and none much more vigorous and prolific tree.

phosphoric acid, when economy was at Washington, on behalf of of them effected with foot rot, while Some thought the lemon a shorter

considered, was finely ground rock the society, to'send a special agent to many of the sweet seedlings about lived tree, others cited, on the con.

(floats) which,,although slow in it* action the State to investigate and: report on them have died of this disease. trary, trees on lemon stock now thirty

was slowly rendered'available by this new disease. On the western side of the entranceto years old and still vigorous. ,

natural process after application, and AFTERNOON SESSION. Safety Harbor, in Hillsboro county, I Mr. Phelps thought this stock good

its effects would be felt for years. The lies what is known as the_ "Phillippe when commercial results were desired
A member called attention to the fact
forehanded, thoughtful fruit growerfertilized Hammock. It is a spot of rare natural but that the stock impaired the flavor
of the
that the valuable
this most part pro and in must be somewhat. He said he ,had obtainedthe
year for next, whjle_the the discussions which beauty, places
hand-to-mouth farmer fertilizes this ceedings of such was character render, it thirty to fifty feet. above tide water. best results by "double working,"
year for this year, a process involving were impossible for a the as and his as- On nearly the highest part, which is a budding the lemon on the orange and

greater outlay and greater waste. sistants make secretary rich shell soil, Dr. Phillippe, a nativeof the desired variety on the lemon.A .
to an adequate report.
Every ton of immediately available He said that should be taken in France, set out a seedling grove discussion of orange marketingand
than thirty rs The seed the possibility of producing a satis-
,acid phosphate contains 1,100 poundsof full and publishedin which form they more ago.
from Cuba. After the war the factory home made box occu-.
utterly useless sulphuric acid,. upon would prove invaluable to the horticul-- came orange
which freight must be paid. place was neglected to ,a considerable pied the remainder of the afternoon '
turists of the State. On motion, the secretary -
extent and the trees are now session. ,
.1 Tobacco stems extensively used in instructed stenographer orange
was to employ a -
his section-at a loss to account for future sessions. dead or dying, while the grape fruit EVENING SESSION.
their their did trees are in a thrifty condition, bearing
good as analysis The importance of an 'adequateState The election of officers came first
not show corresponding good quali annually large crops of very excellent
appropriation for an exhibit at on ,the programme. But a single
ties. While the trees did well the fruit. It would therefore appear that
the made for each office
Chicago exposition was,' broughtup nomination was
fruit made by tobacco stems was moreor the grape fruit can safely be plantedin
and after a general expression in and the secretary cast the ballot for
lands where the
shell sweet
less coarse. orange,
favor of a liberal appropriation, a resolution the society throughout. With one
used stable which under certain conditions, is comparatively
He manure, Jie :
all the old officers
was unanimously passed au- exception were re-
applied in its fresh state, right from the short lived. officers elect Presi-
thorizing president to appoint a elected. The are:
the stables. He spread it thin on committee to draft a memorial for The results of our treatment of a dent, Dudley W. Adams, of Tangerine

top of the grass which he allowed to presentation to the Legislature urging part of our old grove during the past ; first vice-president, Theodore L.

grow in his groves.Cottonseed such an appropriation.The year have been quite'interesting to us. Meade, of Oviedo; second vicepresident -

meal was no longer following committee was named: These trees suffered last fall, winter George L. Taber, of Glen St.

used in his section. Hon. C. F. A. Bielby, Major; G. P. and spring a'year ago from dry weather Mary; third vice president, GeorgeH.

Thought the source of ammonia. Healy and Mr. Walker. rust mite and red spider; they had Wright, of Chuluota; secretary,

unimportant if in proper quantity and The following paper by A. N. Dun been well fertilized in December but W. S. Hart, of Hawks' Park; 'corre

form. Did! not think bone any better can, of the Citrus Committee, was no rain falling it had no ,effect. The sponding secretary, E. O. Painter, of

than phosphate rock. The sulphateof read: trees about the old house looked DeLand; treasurer, J. B. Anderson,

potash was preferable to the ammo The Best Stock for the OrangeWe well, as is usual. When at Ocala in of San Mateo; executive committee,
niate because of the quantity of chlorine February I consulted Rev. Lyman
have used for stocks upon Lyman Phelps, Sanford; C. F. A.
the latter contains. Still, had used which to work the several varieties of Phelps as to how best to manage.stable Bielby DeLand; A. H. Manville,

kainit with good effect, applying as the citrus-the sour, bitter-sweet and manure to keep it from heating. ,He Jacksonville.The .

much as ten pounds to the tree. sweet oranges, the Florida rough said he applied it before it had timeto subject of native fruits was

Thought lime of great benefit to lemon and the grape fruit. The first heat and had, no trouble. Upon taken up and considerable time givento

soils which produced rank growth of and second,appear to be identical, my return we hauled out and spreadit the discussion of native plums and

grass.Pine. though some have die opinion that the about the poorest looking old trees dewberries.

soils were deficient in most of second has the most vigor of the two. in the grove,and none has been allowed Dr. J. M. Hawks, of Hawks' Park,
the elements of plant food and fertil." to accumulate since that time. Soon
They are to be preferred to all oth chairman of the Committee on Entomology
izing resolves itself into supplying potash ers on account of their immunity from after the summer rains began these l old read a humorous paper on in.

phosphoric acid and ammonia that dreaded disease-foot-rot. It is trees began to improve and excelled in sects in lieu of report. ,

each according: to the conditions.Mr. claimed that they will not do well : in appearance those about the old house, Mr. C. A. Bacon, chairman of the
\ had made a grove on and they have kept on improving and '* .!-
the lighter soils of the State, but it is (Continued on page 49))
Indian River hammock, without com- a question whether it will pay at all are now the finest looking trees on the
mercial fertilizer; the soil was light; to plant a grove where the sour stock place, though the others had an extra Cure d.

he had saved all the natural resourcesin will not thrive under care and application of commercial fertilizerlate
the of enriching it, even allowing proper in the summer to keep them from An o'd physician, retired from practice,had
way with a reasonable amount of fertilizer. placed'in his hand by anast India ml.ton..r --
the logs to rot and ma humus The sweet stock has thus far, I be. getting too far behind. We have used )" forth the formula speedy of and a permanent simple vegetable cure of

for his trees. Thought that he should lieve, been (free from foot-rot in California stable manure On backward trees of all remedy Conxumptlon.?Bronehltln. Catarrh. Asthma

have to use potash and phosphoric acid and Louisiana, but there is ages and sizes and with the same and ah and throat radical and cure lung f.r atrecttoWl nervous debility,allo a pollt.1T' and*

now that the trees had come into bear- less risk in planting it .in marked benefit.In all nervous complaints. Having totted its
more or any wonderful curative powers In thousands of
ing. He said the part of Florida. The rough lemon cases and desiring to relieve human Buffer
the discussion which followed ing. i'will Mend free of charge to all who wishIt
NEW ORANGE DISEASE has.been thought not liable to foot- this,recipe in German, .!'rench or English
known as "blight" was the most seri rot, and though I have inquired into the burden of opinion seemed, to be with tnll directions for preparing and using
addre with stamp
mull by ing
in favor of the stock although eat by
itself in the the six sour NOTES,82 PowerlJBlock
ous obstacle that presented matter during past years, It.wlngtble paper. W.A.
his section. Its symptoms are the I have not found or heard of a tree many thought the "Florida rough Rochester. N.Y.

withering of the tree and a gradual effected by this disease until the pres- Accompanying i l.* a portrait of the late Prof. Ed
dying of the branches, beginning at ent 'spring-in a grove of sweet seed.
ward E. Phelps, M. D., LL. D.of, Dartmouth
the top and finally involving the entire lings and younger budded stock, that
College. He was a strong,able man,who stood
tree. The cause is unknown and have nearly all succumbed; there were :
Ugh in the literary and scientificworlds. It is not
has been'discovered. also two rough lemons one is dead
no remedy
; generally known, but it isnevertheless,the truth
In the discussion it was developedthat and the other nearly so; in the same ; that Prof. Phelps was the discoverer of what j is '

its occurrence is becoming more grove are two grape fruit trees, both known to the Medical profession and Cbemits'I

frequent throughout the:orange regions uninjured. Notwithstanding this the .' universally as Paine's Celery Compound,tin.,
of the State, and that its attacks have rough lemon is much to be preferred questionably! one of the most valuable discoveries

proved fatal in every instance.Mr. 'tor the lighter soils of SQu.lh.t1orida.. ( of this century. This remarkable compound is i

William !s aced further, that And would not hesitate to plant it in s not a nervine, an essence,a sarsaparilla, or any
when it appears the leaves! become any well drained soil suitable for citrus devised article, but a discovery, and" it marks a

smaller anti rabbiueared, the'' tree fruit culture. Buds on this, stock, distinct step in medical practice and the treatment .

blooms profusely, the bloom coming in our own and neighboring. groves of nervous complications! the greatest

out near the stem and large branches.He : are more thrifty, hold their fruit better b:1's' of all modern diseases-Paresis. It ha been '

believed it would attack :all the and are: less effected by drought IJIjJfq' freely admitted by the best medical talent in the -
others. land,and also by the leading chemists and scien-
groves in the State if not checked. than any

He'd sent samples of the roots of trees The grape fruit stock .makes a magnificent The Late'PROF. PHELPS tiststbat_ fornervous troubles, and even .'"
.jon | deblbty,RDlhty, the
affected Washington but the spe- budded tree, and I the fruit is > insomnia
dreaded and terrible Paresis, nothing has ever been discovered which reaches the disorder'l'
fine leastI
cialists ot Agricultural Department of exceptionally quality, at .
could find nothing the matter with have so found ,it i in three different and restores health equal to this discovery of Prof. Phelps. '

them. groves, where some of the buds are : Iy-driq ., fiJlm't \ TXamtmd IP**. ]{rJ1a/"f
0_ $ ry 4ED tM frr FAMti.YANp FANCY UYf'r : ,
It resolution! was unanimously! adopt about thirty years old.. In one of



e- -.



- .
FLORIDA! Ap good fellowship became a feature of gratifying fact that the business of the from New York, so It is rarely that any
; movement of any large quantity ,is reported
Exchange has increased from k
i I the occasion; his 'unremitting: atten- 56,000 Selling from'to $10 per hundred In k small

t'- RMERf R' IasnfeS,w*: tention added to the comfort of every boxes in 1885-6 up to ,282,362 boxes way. Advic'es from New York state last tfcti

CMMUMTt ww++ .. this season; that in the six years of its amers.bad d a very light cargo This will

one present. existence it has paid the growers $i-, probably necessitate a shrinkage of the

- M4Y21.188L. Florida *' .- 677,000, of whith nearly onethirdwas amount forwarded here and possibly a better
Fruit Exchange. market next week. Holders express themselves
paid this and that it has
*HEN POWERS, Editor. The sixth annual session of this or; year, In hits light.
P,O. Address, Lawtey,'Fla."The ganization; was held 'too;late last week netted the growers this year $1.57 a Florida oranges are done. it id seldom you

box. see any,possibly the little odds and ends that. ..
to. enable the of .
Florida Horticultural, Society.! us t9'present report : come from cold storage

_ ". The fourth annual session of our it, ..and'this week the pressure of the A Chance for Ladles to Make AtJCTiON SALES. .

'State Horticulturists held at Inter Horticultural Society proceedings on Money. oranges were not In best order and brought
columns forbids from IL10 to$3.70 box. Lemons sold from
our anything more [The following letter is taken from per

lachen last,week, of which a full report than' a summary being,given. the CArisft'dtt Itodc*, and though prop- 82.50 to $e So as to quality and condition.

will be found elsewhere in this This steamer was very late in arriving and
The address of President Fairbanks erly belonging in our advertising col- .
many lines were in extremely bad order. t
issues was decidedly the most successful sets forth, briefly' the facts of the un umns we insert it here cheerfully with THE BOSTON MARKET.

meeting this society has. l held; or, successful experiment at independent the hope of benefiting some of our BOSTON, May.15.

shipment of oranges in the lady readers.] ORANGES_. loridas are dull and In light.
as for that the most successful the
steamer Brixham but 'his MR. demand. Fancy are bringing f&50&4 box
treatment EDITOR: I saw an advertisement per ;
horticulturists of the State. have ever of the subject,, leaves it in suth that a house in Texas wanted a choice; good counts, |2 75@3 per box; Callfor-

held. shape? that'the.''burden of the failure is few ladies to do writing, etc., for themat and nlas Palermo steady ,at quiet?34.50 but steady.per box' 800; Messina counts,

By "successful" we ,refer not 'onlyto left wholly on the shoulders of the home and sent for particulars. I $3@150 per box: 360 counts, 3@4 per box.

the enjoyment of those' m attendance -i growers. The officers of the.Exchange have been so well pleased that I feel S-r.RA WBEBRIEs.-The market is In good

deserve sincere praise for their effort it my duty to advise other ladies to supply, and good stock brought high prices.
but as well to the new, irapor to secure cheaper transportation for give this business a trial. The work Maryland, good to 'choice, 12@l>c; Norfolk,-

taut., and we are, tempted to. add,. indispensable the good to choice, 10@14c.
] growers, but it is only fair to the does not interfere with my household! BA. AN s.-The supply) the last week has

information, brought out, latter that the imputation should not duties in the least, and yet I earn $10to been small, but the outlook for the coming

in the discussion of topics of interest be left to rest permanently on them, $12: per week. Full particulars can week is that the supply Will'bo much greater.

and vital importance to our rural i in that they would not accept. relief whenit be had for a two cent stamp. The The bananas on the; 88. Ethel wold, which
offered arrived from Jamaica May 12,sold as follows;
was address is Cactus Co. Box East
dustries. We have been making 27, $2.50 for No. 13; $2 for 8 hands; f L25 for No.2;
The fact is when the '
Exchange El Paso 'Texas. should
Why anyonebe
7Qc forNo. 3. The S3 Haugesund is due today
rapid strides, commercially as well as officers addressed the
to the poor when such chances are open. (Friday) with a cargo from Baracoa.

scientifically, in the development of growers to ship their fruit by this independent Respectfully, Rogers, Kendall & Thacher.

our orchards and gardens, and here steamer, they seem to have Mfcs. JANE WiLcox. PIIf.BA.PPLEI..The: market is dulL. Havana

anticipated of such *sell at 8 14c.TBUC& .
a response large
the most advanced thought and ..
practice : proportions, that they threw cold' Markets for Florida Produce. The market is steady and demand
good. Asparagus, and cabbage are in
was interchanged by a, hundredof
out from
water the
beginning. a large supply and bell fairly well. String
our most progressive culturists, affording <. praiseworthy desire not to have them NEW YORK MARKET. beans and peas In light supply and sell high. '

the listener opportunity ,of.acquiring disappointed they'stated that the Brix- NEW YORE May 16. BALTIMORE )MARKET. '

a practical knowledge.,that it 'l ham could carry only IO, OO 'boxes, Receipts Southern vegetables are increas BALTIMORE, May, 14. .
ing. The Imports for onions' for the week
and nothing was said as to any other ORANGES-Florida. The season which has
would require of experience closing today'Is interest to the Southern
steamer having been engaged to fol- already been larger than was expected, Is
reading and observation( to acquire.It low her truckers, and theduty ((40o per bushel) oughtto nearly over. Fruit is-scarce, though a 'few
immediately. Naturally be an Incentive to them to grow this pro straggling
lots are still coming in these how
is a matter for general congratulation enough, the agents of the established duct in the future; from Bermuda 48,417 ever,generally show the 'ettof keeping; and .

that the society has taken stepsto lines told the growers that if they fur- crates, from Egypt (via Liverpool) 9312 crates. good fruit Is hard to flndV 'Where offered it

give to the public the benefit of nished more fruit than the Brixham Potatoes arrtvlB I g from North Carolla,8onth brings full price readlly.and, in fact,all sorts
Carolina and Florida, primes selling from
could it would be left neglectedand I are higher and scarce. Quotations are as follows -
these carry $ $6 50, seconds from I2.50J4.M.( Cabbage
through stenographic ruined. : Choice bright 176-0Xte,li.iO; do mixed
perhaps Naturally also firm North Carolina and South
The sizes|4 to ft.25,S3,as to size; choice russets
reports. Legislature hould. the growers feared to test something 25(32.00( ; Florida, $1@1( 26. 'Egg plant, 12.50 176- Ou ,
H50stralght lines'1.2),96-11211,13.73 to
now do its part and provide for their which was an experiment and which @609 per bll ; tomatoes, carriers. $2. Oj4( ".00.

publication, as is done in nearly every they knew; nothing about. There was beans crates$2$3, South;onions Carolina$2)< Z.15 and per Georgia crate, ;13@3.50.Florldu string PINEAPPLES.-The market Is for the mo-

too much timidity all around. ment pretty well cleaned up, though the af
other State. __ u ll.25S2.50: cucumbers.. U.OO&4 per
rivals for the week have been about a cargo'a
The Exchange should either have crate; beets 1.252; squash. 75c<(3L25; peas,
The had In addition to the Schall
meeting pleasant day. fleet, noted
many made positive contracts with a number North Carolina,$1.60@2()( ; strawberries, North last t
week as coming, the schooner Virginia
features that will be long rememberedby of for fruit enough to fill Carolina and Virginia, 12cftl6o( ;North Caro-
growers brought 5.000 dozen to Henry Bros. The supplies *
those in attendance. The ,place of the steamer, to be delivered in Jack. lina cherries, 15ctfl8o per lb.; huckleberriesand have been full for the demand, which
new peaches in demand early shipments
sonville else ; baa not been quite as brisk? at was anticipated
meeting was decided upon in responseto on a given day, or they will realize extreme prices. Eggs, 16c.;
but values are rather flrm Prices:
should have quietly assumed the re spring chickens alive 50cQl) pair.
the invitation of the citizens of In-, per from I* to$19.MISCELLANEOUS.
sponsibility ot loading her with the Q 8. PALMEB.: : VEGETABLES
terlachen, a ten-year-old community which DOMESTIC GREEN FRUIT.-Some few FlorIda -
fruit came to hand from day to cabbage,1.251( ; Florida string beans,
of intelligent, refined, well-to-do orange I day and said nothing about it until drangea still coral g but they have to be 2003.00; do. wax, 3003.50; North Carolina -
fancy to bring full prices. Strawberries.
growers, whose tastefully en- the experi enthad been consummated.But in fair request with receipts good,and market pens $125@L50 per half bbl; Norfolk,
'll.50@l/ ; Charleston,do. 75c@l 00 box
vironed homes and flourishingorangegroves a lesson has been learned by keeping well cleaned up. Indian River per ;
beets ll,00@l.25( ; new potatoes prime, 15 00(9((
both the Exchange officers and the oranges,selected,J3.0 to$5; Florida oranges,
; ,
cluster "between the lakes" $7.COdo.; seconds, $3 00LOO; tomatoes, ripe,
which valuable for fancy,176 to 200 per box.$2 to$3 50; do. lair to
growers may prove $:2.2532.60;do green, IL60@2.00; asparagus
that dot the high, rolling pine landsin good,mixed sizes, 2.26 to 12.75; do.russet,
future Norfolk, 20c Florida
use.President. prime, ; egg plants, |6 00
|2.25 to 12 75 fruit, box,$2 to 13.
; grape per
this of West @7.00rer bbL 6r bbl. "
portion Putnam. The Fairbanks : "Usu- crates; South Carolina
says VEGETABLES Cabbage, Florida,per bbl., .
citizens gave their guests a_ hearty ,welcome \ ally the fruit marketed late in the season U to $1.25. Cucumbers, Florida- per crate; cauliflower, $-$.046.00( per crate; lorlda cucumbers :
l $3.00(34( 00 per box; radishes flOc y
is of and 920 to$S. Tomatoes, Key West, peck box,
a superior quality bringsa
and did everything in their $1.00 per bbl ; strawberries, fancy, 12c@lc( ; ,
but 60 to SOl.; do. Florida, per crate,M to 13; do. .
proportionately higher price, fair to good, 7c@10o.
power to make their stay agreeableand do per carrier crate, \\ to|i. Asparagus,per .
this the best fruit was sold and "
year dozen,$2 b) to 13. CATARRH CURED.A .
in this
they were successful.
the best prices obtained in the early
PHILADELPHIA : clergyman,after of from
MARKET. years suffering
Special credit is due Mr. H. G.. Hast part of the season. There seemed a that loathsome disease Catarrh and vainly
deterioration in fruit PHILADELPHIA,May 14, 18QI. trying every known remedyat last found a
ings, the well known seedsman of In- tendency to Southern truck'and vegetables are the main prescription which completely cured. and
which allowed remain the saved him from death. Any sufferer from this
was to on .
terlachen, for his efforts in this direc- stay of the market now and every house dreadful disease sending a self-addressed

tion. He caused the Hotel Interla- trees, evinced in overgrowth, discoloration teems to be dabbling In them more or less. stamped envelope to Prof.J. A. Lawrence&
and roughness of texture and The market fluctuates so often that it is hard Warren street New York, will receive the

chen, a winter resort hotel, to be absence of juice" He gives no reason to keep track of prices prevailing,but when recipe free of cnarye. ::4!

thrown open to the visitors, securedthe for this different behavior of the shippers receive low prices for some of the PATENT GRAZING
tomatoes here
now arriving they should not
services of Graham of fruit this but we suspect the only ',
Caterer year, view with suspicion the little account of sales MUZZLE. :
reason was that the fruit was larger sheet, because tomatoes off I .
Palatka, and accommodated the entire are ,, some good I
and coarser than common to begin marks selling for 12 to 13, but lots of truck for Our new Spiral Spring Muzzle avows stock

society-the meetings being,, ,held merely nothing. to graze and prevents browsing. Price, f L2S j

in the parlors of the hotel;; domiciled with.Quoting from the report of Man Pineapples are not so plentiful as a weekor each at factory,or$150 post paid, cash with
two ago,but prices are very low, nearly order. MOREMAN A CO.,
:..under one roof, social intercourse and agerrives, the .president shows. the store in Is 5-21-tf
..... -t :- \ -. every town receiving them direct '.,: Switzerland, ,. 1';....



.. .. ;.,
- ,... '



(Continued from page 407.) for shell walks, and near the border of flowers, evergreens and the singing of' Tropical Fruits
,Committee on Ornamentals, read the the walks made rose beds and planted birds. We have a delightful climate,. were next taken up. Mr. Meade,
following, : evergreen and ever blooming shrubs, none better on the face of the earth,, Chairman of this Committee had no
Ornamentals., or plants that bloom in winter or early and let us labor to make our homes. report, and said that so far as his sec
Mr. President, .ladies and gentlemen: spring.Do beautiful so that friendsand: strangerswill tion was concerned,there were no trop-
We were, not, a little surprisedthat we. wander from the subject- have to spend their,winters amongus ical fruits, or at least had not been
we were selected one of a committee ornamentals? No. Come with me and thousands come to make since the recent freezes
.of three to' write an,-'article the first of February and look at that themselves homes. Make our homes Mr. Adams called attention to the
on ornamentals. willowy mandarin bending to the beautiful that our children, will longto Surinam or Cayenne Cherry, which
In the busy life we have spent for, ground with, its,golden fruit, and near return to us: should they separate although tropical fruit would stand
the past; fifteen years in carving i out/a it that hibiscus, with its perpetual from us. Make our homes beautifulthat the frosts unharmed throughout a
home, i in the,dense .Florida;woods, we bloom of large, delicate and beautiful we may love to ,abide here with large portion of the orange belt; he
have,had,but littlQ; time,"to devote tothestrictlyornaineptalhowever flowers, and just beyond, those bcauti- perfect love and content, and praise esteemed it highly as a table fruit.
: ; muchwe tiful little, kumquat trees with their God ,that He has giren,us such a glorious On this point there was great differ-
admire the beautiful, we, have load of golden beads, and then, a climate in which to spend our ence of opinion, 'many holding that as
had to.attend,first,to the useful and beautiful little camphor tree, and, just days. C. A. BACON, with many other tropical fruits to ap
profitable;but from the very'start we beyond,.on the border; of the wind, Ormond-on-tbe-Hsltfax, Fla ,May 10 'II. preciate it one must have an acquiredtaste.
have worked with an object; in view break a row of oleanders, alternatingwith Mr. Mott said that bushels
s 'and that is system, harmony, and pinkand red; the white are fragrant Mr. Bacon's paper was followed bya were sold every year in the Or-
beauty, and ,we laid out our grounds the pink,as handsome as roses. general'dIscussion on tree planting lando market.
roomy, giving, ,broad avenues, throughthe : Yonder are two rows of the tropical and, landscape gardening.' By request When the subject of diseases and Insects -
oa and palms,the latter.of which, pineapple, extending far down between Mr. T. L. Meade, the'palm of the citrus was taken up "Mr.
we, have l left several acres, so that- rose beds, palm trees and the specialist, gave a short list of palms, E Bean, a member, the Committee
,when the foolish have, destroyed all glossy leaves of cattley guava; how hardy enough to stand, Florida frosts, submitted the following :
else of nature's beauty and, glory. we beautiful the YOung. fruit as it pushes with a short description of each.
',and our children will have a, few to itself up.from the centre: ,of the wide Report of .Committee on Diseases
admire., We,also reserved one acre spreading,leaves, and the fragrance of THIRD DAY. and Insects of the CItrus.
in the rear of our,, residence (for something ,- the ripe fruit is delicious; even the, The following final committee resolutions was ap-C. .,Your committee beg leave to sub-
besides orange: trees-ordn fe coon ..from afar draweth nigh. And pointed on and: mit the following:
Bacon N. Woodworth Mr.
trees-and. we have, cleared and what is that mass of fire near those A. Perhaps it is well to clearly under-
planted. l .our leisure- and 'I ,am palms Poincetta; but don't step over Cox.Mr. stand the meaning that we attach to
pleased: :to,,know.that the, spaces are that,sea shell border, or you will,crush C. A. B3con"of Ormond, ex the term disease. Webster defines it as
not,yet full, for there,are, yet. better: those, ripe strawberries:; and you have tended a.formal invitation I to; the: so- "a malady, :distemper, etc." In med
things.come.. It,is not, always\ ;the them in February: ? Yes; from then ciety to call unanimous its next' meeting resolution at this ical parlance'the term is not appliedto
things,themselves we admire, i it is, the till July, by giving them plenty of mond. By starvation, thirst, drowning or
and the first
arrangement, the system the way theyare water. That is a Loquat tree from invitation was accepted freezing. Applying the same rule to
"dished up" How,, often the Japan; blooms in November and De- Tuesday in May, 1892, was fixed up- the vegetable world it should not be
most cqstly viands ,are: spoiled<;> ,by the, cember: ripens its fruit from Januarytill on as the time. applied ,to trees or plants affected by
way they are placed on the table. It March; and those two tropical l trees The proceedings I were interruptedby such casualties. If an orange tree is
is,saida, .French girl with a calico dress sheltered by those palms are the West consent to allow the president an not properly planted, in the right soil,
and"a yard,of,ribbon can make herself Indian paw-paw, constantly in bloom, opportunity to read the following' tel- is starved, frozen, dried, sobbed or
perfectly bewitching. We often read: and';always loaded with fruit., We egram : drowned it can hardly be called diseased -
glowing and sometimes instructive articles might continue, but enough, has been CHICAGO, ILL., May 13, 1891. although it may ,not grow and
by ;able writers: on the many said, to illustrate how the useful can To, the Florida Horticultural .Society" will finally,die. The term, .therefore,
branches of horticulture, and we havea be combined with the ornamental, Interlachen : should be applied to those maladies
great; ,desire,to visit of the thus making each useful and orna- The Horticultural society of' Chicago J which come to it when the soil, cultivation
writers,. nd we sometimes have doneso mental.. sends greetings. Have knocked food and environment are favorable -
expecting' to see perfection itself, There are not enough palm trees Maxwell,. out. Directory will not con- : for its growth and the matur-
but\ alas, we often go away sadder if being ,planted in, our State. We have firm appointment. Now whom does ing of fruit. Great efforts have been
not wiser. It is, one,thing to preach over 1,000 cabbage palms on our Florida want ? 'Why not indorse I made by scientists to arrive at the
and another,to practice.Mr. place, and not one too many. Visitors James D. Reynolds Illinois? Can, I cause of disease both in the animal
President, you,will excuse us i if to Florida look for tropical tre sand promise generosity to 'Fl orida.G. and vegetable kingdom, rightly con-
we refer( to,our own experience; to illustrate plants, and we should have all L. GRANT, Secretary, cluding that if the true cause is discovered -
I :' our idea i in part. When we. that is possible. The cabbage palm 54 La Salle Street. the finding of the remedywill
came to Florida our better-half (as all four feet high, can be transplantedwith This announcement was received be comparatively easy. Recent
other.good wives, have done) provided a loss of not over -25 per cent., with loud applause. After consider- investigation seems to conclusively
herself with a, package,of'flower seed by cutting the fibrous roots close to able discussion resolution was unan demonstrate that most, indeed all, of
which were duly planted in nicely the bulb. There is one, near the :I imously passed,- naming Prosper J. the diseases of trees, plants and fruits
prepared beds from January. to April. Ponce, de Leon hotel, St. Augustine i. Berckmans of. Augusta, Ga., president are. caused by the various forms of insects -
They came, up nicely (in fact'some;, over thirty feet high, ,that was success- of the American Pomplogical so- and fungi, which attach and feed
cane up before we entered the housewe fully transplanted there two years ago. ciety as Florida's first choice,. and the upon them.. The orange, apple, pear,
had a brood of chickens) and There are many of the foreign varie, question of the relative desirability of peach, grape, grains, and even the-
flourished beautifully till about the ties,. such as ,the Phoenixs, that will other candidates was referred to the tress of the forests are all affected by
rJ/t/ middle of June, then Old Sol,began to grow in all parts of our State. If you following committee, for, i investigationand maladies directly caused by their rav-
get in his work, our vertebra,gave out think you have not the time to transplant action, subject to the action of the ages. The microscope discloses the-
carrying water and we concluded an- large trees, plant date seed in society,as to its first choice : Dudley: bacteri floating in the sap of the pear
nuals and all flowers with.nothing but places you would like to see a tree .,v. Adamspresident L- Meade, tree, causing it to wither and die. It
surface roots did not pay. We also stand, and if you do not 'first stand first vice-presidentand Lyman Phelps, shows the fastening of the roots of the-
discarded hybrid roses and all plants, under its beautiful wide spreading chairman executive;,committee., fungi to the apple, peach, grape and
and shrubs that bloom but once a 1 leaves, future generations will bless Maj. G. P. Healy,and a ,number: of other fruits, and discloses the insects
year. We are also sifting,.out nearly others suggested the impropriety ,of feeding on the'roots' of the grapes and
all decidlous shrubs that are bare and you.We aim to constantly add to our sending in any recommendation, in grains and the leaves of the trees.
unsightly during the winter. Beccher: collection of ornamentals, but we find view ,of tae unlikelihood of an ,appro- Many of the affections of the orange
once said "a piece of color ia, worth there are times during the'' year when priation by this State, .Jn which and lemon ,'are' well understood, but
more than a piece of bread Give us one of the; most needful things is lack event our commissioners will be com some are obscure and rest alone upon
'color" and evergreens in winter. In ing, and that is water.V e cannot pelled to, resign and Florida to go theory.
our fancy acre (as w called it) we set depend upon the elements, and to without an exhibit. It was' decidedto Of the latter the foot-rot is perhapsthe
stakes ih rows twenty-five. feet each carry water in pails is mighty discouraging give the l legislature the benefit of most formidable. It is spreading
way and planted standard fruit trees, and,hard on the,spinal column.A the doubt, in the hope that an appropriation rapidly, is ,not confined to locality,
. alternating decidious trees, with, evergreens gentleman called on us the first of would be made, especially as position or surroundings, is alike fatal
p then between these rows we ?March who left Montreal, Canada, in the society had passed a resolution\ on high and low lands, and, as yet,
planted citrus trees ,budded on dwarf a blizzard (mercury 10 below zero), without dissent urging an, appropriation no certain remedy has been discov
stocks, such as ,mandarin, tangerine, on Saturday, lunched in New Yorkon and had,appointed a committee ered. One writer, in view of its fatal-
king spice,,kumquatetc.-, leaving out Sunday, and the Tuesday following to visit the capital and.,.urge its, importance ity, claims that all seedling trees are
.; one'.of? ,these'rows. at the.proper place I took,dinner! in St. Augustine mid .before,the I law-makers,. '_ ,doomed. The popular theory ascribes
; .

tfO -



, 410. THE' FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER. .. AND, FRUlT-GROWEB.'-- .' -. r _. rMA.Y'S -21.-;-8Ji'.!" i iits '- '

cause Co a fungoid growth, but does i is of the spider family and first made New York or Chicago: thecks.fot. crop: ,This past season there has

not give us the point of entrance into its appearance on the orange trees in good round sums, is fatal to its finer seen less of it""
'# :the tree. It certainly could not find 1886. It is supposed that it came qualities. The Newnan, ftbfTman A plant attacked with this disease

entrance to the sap through the bark from the oaks and other forest ahd Cloud are our three leading varie- continues to grow, but the new leaves L

. above the crown root, where it first growth at that time. It has made its ties for,shipping, and not one of these are crinkled and shrunken to a fourth. |

gives evidence of its presence by the presence known during the dry periods could, by the most friendly stretch' of their natural size, and are of a yellowish 1
sap oozing out. It may be caused by and is no respecter of persons. charity, be classed as anything more tinge. Not even with the micro- ),

bactcri floating in the atmosphere, attacking the well-kept groves as well than second class for table fruit. The scope can anything be found wrong \,I
lodging upon the bloom or tender as those in 'poor condition. It has Michael is a good deal better; a trifle with either root br leVel, ant! there is 1

growth, finding entrance to the sap in spread very rapidly and has this season too dry, perhaps, but still much superior ho paf site on the ledf. .
that manner. A more plausible caused great damage by the loss of the to anything I had Jreviously Various causes have been assigned \

theory, however, is that it is caused leaves and fruit. It attacks the under tasted in Florida, though I doubt if it for this mysterious malady, but at '

by a minute insect or worm attackingthe side of the leaves, cutting away the would rank'as first-class ih the North. present all that we can say with certainty -

fibrous root; the sap in consequence cuticle, and the leaves soon wither and Most men speak.of it as dry as com- is that we have arrived at a
becoming diseased, ferments, coagulates drop.; It may be discerned by a bright pared with other berries grown in knowledge of the conditions which' ,.
and bursts forth at or near the yellow spot on the upper side of the Florida, but it would seem hyper. generally precede and accompany it: '

surface of the ground. leaf. It is easily destroyed.THE critical to quarrel with a strawberryfor This knowledge, therefore, enablesus

The leaf blight is in 'some respectsa SCAI.E INSECTis dryness, where the almost univer. 'to prevent it. It is found that this ,..

similar disease, and may have the not now regarded as an especially sal fault of that fruit is its excess of disease generally attacks plants which

I,t same cause, as the writer understands formidable enemy. Fertilization and juice. In Bradford county the past were set early in the summer and

it is substantially confined to lour care, with the use of a good insecticide, year the Cloud has demonstrated its urged into a succulent growth before '
roots, while the foot.rot attacks only will soon relieve the trees of its pres- great superiority in one respect, thatis the cold weather of fall comes on.
the sweet seedling. There is no ence. its capacity to withstand drouth. The strawberry plant is really an annual '

bursting of the sap,'but the leaves,curl, The committee have failed to note Last fall and winter were uncommonlydry since it dies down in the summerto

whiten and drop, the branches and the "die back" designedly-regarding only less so than the year pre- a very small bulb. :It is not naturalfor

finally the tree dies. This is now it rather as an accident which may be ceding, when we had an almost unbroken it to bear fruit in the fall. If
rapidly spreading and unless some remedied,than; a disease.: drouth for seven months. The planted] early in the summer and '
remedy is found it will do incalculable Newnan and Hoffman failed to get a forced forward to a certain stage of \
damage.A I. sufficient growth in the fall to protect development prematurely, instead of
The introduced Mr.Bean's .
new fungoid growth similar to subject by their berries from the winter frostsand fruiting it sets to work to contract its

that on the grape vine, attacking ,the paper was discussed. at some when rains finally came in March volume, puts on the brakes so to

end of the branches of has length. these varieties set to work to completetheir speak and checks the speed. It
made its appearance in the southern It was brought out that the blight growth and postponed the bulk shrinks within itself and holds back

part of the State-it is hoped, how-. attacked trees on both sweet arid sour of their fruiting until late in April and its forces to keep them in reserve for '

ever, that it will readily yield to prevention stocks, and that stocks foot-rot sometimes notwithstanding at- in May. But the Cloud being a per the proper time of fruiting in the w
and soon be removed.RUST the sour the sistent and powerful grower, with spring. This at least is my theory of
prevailing opinion to con
ON THE ORANGE. roots often as large as a wheat straw, the matter, and if any grower has a
trary. searches far and wide for supplies of different one to advance I should be \
understood becaused
This is now well to A number had cured the latter disease -
moisture and before the frosts set in pleased to hear it.
by a minute insect, punctuating the air
by exposing roots to by
had accomplished a fair growtH, suffi-- The course to be pursued in refer- 1'
the oil cells, letting the oil escape, tbe'earth -
removing as deeply as possible '
hardens the rind cient to cover its fruit for the most part. ence to this disease is obvious. The
which corrodes
on for several feet around the col.
At mulching time the Cloud. plants plant should not be pushed too fast in i
discolors the fruit checking its growth and
lar of the
tree apply a sulphurouswash
and rendering it less salable. The other were nearly twice as large as those of hot growing weather. If set early in the'
or cleansing liquid.
the other varieties (exceptingperhaps, summer-which is desirable to securea \
is considera
the fruit
damage to
ble but this is but a small very portion of Prof.difference Hopkins brtween explained bacterial at lengththe and the Michael). With the aid of the good start-it should be kept growing \j1
mites February and March rains they fruited very slowly, with cultivation principally -
the injury done. These ,are on diseases.
well while the Newnans and little fertilizer until
tolerably very ,
the trees in innumerable hosts. Prof. The remainder of the morning ses- \
and the coolness of the weather renders it
went to growing were soon nearly
Hubbard claims that he found 60,000on sion was given to the considerationof
twice as large as the Clouds, thus re- safe to apply fertilizers more liberally.
one leaf in 'February. They pun the subject of transportation, whichwas '
conditions the
I versing the of precedeing
ture the'sap cells of the leaves, lettingthe discussed at some J length. .
fall. In to the inquiry for a
flow out and waste, weakeningand Mr. H. of Chuluota response
sap George Wright ,
Thirwastt The Cloud berries are a fourth to a really food table berry for Florida,
debilitating tree. of the Committee
the Newnans and Mr. Painter recommended '
third than Sharp
must be supplied by the feeding roots sented which will be given
a report :
it sell much of the-time from five to ten less, and Mr. Manville the Federal
gathering the foods and sending up the readers of THE FARMER AND
to supply the drain. It,is like a man FRUIT GROWER in a future issue. cents a quart higher. They are nearlyas Point.
covering his with leaches and acid as the Newnans and seem to Mr. Painter, Chairman of the Com"
person carry about as well. The plants are mittee on Vegetables, read the following '
thus endeavoring to supply the blood :. -
which they take by putting food in AFTERNOON. less subject to rust than the Newnans, : .
Under the head of small fruits the fruit in ::
the stomach. It would seem a hap and they more abundantly Sub-Irrigated Gardens.
less undertaking. It is estimated that following paper by Stephen Powers, their season, but have not the staying Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen' .

at least one-half of the. fertilizer given was read : qualities of the old Florida Standard. When we received notice from the

orange trees is absorbed by the insects RETORT ON STRAWBERRIES.The They cease bearing some what abruptly, Secretary that we had been appointed \
allowed to feed upon the trees. permanent necessity of makinga though this may have been due to the a member of the Vegetable Committee -
living, 'which-is experienced in Florida unusual drouth conditions which have the question arose in our mind
in common with all new coun- prevailed the past two years. Takenas "What can we do or say that wouldbe
This disease is always preceded byinnumerable tries, reduces strawberry growing in a whole season through the Newnan of interest to this body?" The time

numbers of a small pink almost every instance to the level ofa will probably yieli as much fruit as given was so limited that it would not

ish fly, that may be seen with the purely commercial undertaking.The the Cloud, if not more; but if dry allow us to ascertain, with any degree .
naked eye. These flies deposit great State is almost totally destitute of weather in the tall hinders its development of accuracy, what vegetables had been
quantities of eggs on the underside of amatuers; there are few gentlemen of of foliage a large percentage of

theleaves, which seem to weaken them: leisure and,ample means to whom we that fruit comes too late to be availa- NEW KODAKS."You
and.the black deposit or fungus commences can look for the development of new ble for shipment to the North. j

at once to form on the,upper varieties {lat least in the strawberry But of course, the Newnan or some

side.. ,frequently spreads out andover field), or the careful and patient test- other perfect bloomer will have to be ..
the fruit, giving it a black, unwholesome ing of the varieties which have gained retained, to fertilize the Cloud; say one ., .;.... I
appearance. It, can be renown in the Northern States. row of Newrtan lo two of the Cloud.At press the \

washed off the fruit but adheres strong The first and almost the only ques- this time, a year ago, many button,
ly to the leaves. It is easily,checked tion we ask respecting a new varietyis growers feared that the Newnan was j

by destroying the fly when it first makesits "will it pay." It seems to be very "running out," and would hare to be we do the rest. J

appearance. often the case, 'unfortunately, that the abandoned, as it has been at Charleston. ..iSeTeII
THE SPIDER. more luscious a berry is the poorer it The mysterious "die.back" or Sew Style* iud Sizes ;

This insect, generally called the, is as a 'shipper. The imperative requirement "white bud" attacked some patches ALL LOADED WITH TraupftftBt Film., .
in the fall and devastated For "red spider, or the "California which is laid upon the early so "'
spider," is neither red nor is it,a: giftsent strawberry in ''Florida, that it must be them that they never, recovered fromit THE EASTMAN JMPANY\ ;

us byour.California fritnfs, Jt, a good shipper: and fetch back frofn and-did not yield a quarter of a Bend for. Catalogue.. '. ROCHESTER... ,N.y'f! .!



... ..r.-:... .....,. -' .,

,"' ... .
>.:; ,


>MAT 5J1,1891] THE FLORIDA i:ittSPAltJH..--:fABMEfc-" : -" '.AKB.- FRUTTrGROWER. 411

fettilirer i in I develop-it in so short a time. 'Mr.
theff bf from 26 to 38 1 wire-grass and the applied
planted throughout the State of mating a difference inside and outside the trenches. When it became nece< ,. Hastings has started a ball rolling and

returns, etc. So we concluded to mtlce; degrees between ditch others can join in'in pushing it along.
the a was
a trip to the sub-irrigated farms of Mr. Thus the "cukes"; are kept free from sary to water plants About two miles from Mr. Hastings -
around the frame that connect* ;
Hastings and Mr. White in St. Jocountyand the harm of jack Frost and allowed: dug the Mr. U.'J. White has a farm on a
trenches in which plants ,
served to our with the
till Up
honorable. to they are his
report to your the extensive scale, especially
from more
body what we saw, ,and with yoUr indulgence winter visitors, who can afford to par well were set,turned a stream into of the water ditch and i ia in rice fields. We found Mr. White

we will try to give you an $5 per day and upwards, at a trouble.maximum few was minutes the whole was thoroughly : busy shipping cabbage from his forty
idea of what these gentlemen are ac- cost with very saturated. There are bushels acre patch, and trying to figure out

dully doIiiArriving : The varieties of cucumbers grown are how much he would make at $17 ,net
and bushels of tomatoes yet to ripe; ,
dhim "fel "Duke of
at Mr. Hastings, we foil gtapht" carload.- Here is a text for the
kind of
that under that per
acfe fa ct and.'Lord. Kenyon's Favorite. These showing committee and hope
busy surveying a forty ; thrive' better than in the transportation we
to extend his garden and nee fields. are English varieties and ate especially; they they will make the most of it. Mr.
in hot ho :ses."Nichol's open field and live and produce a
known adapted to forcing finished fencing
Last August the place now White has but recently -

as "Hastings" was only flat :woods' Medium Green"and"WhSpine" great deal longer. sheds visited some 4,000 acres of land, near the
flat woods It are also used, and, while they From the tomato we of
and indeed, they are the garden of some thirty acres centre of which is a large prairie
abundantly prarie
would be hard to find as many acres grow splendidly and produce had been acres, nearly all of which is now
where of cabbage just 400
in one body anywhere in the State so they do not give.the satisfaction a crop Irish dug. covered with a crop of rice just com-
harvested and potatoes
nearly! on the same level, to all 'ap- that the first named kinds do, owing the finest that ing up. This land three months ago
their size. Mr. HastIngs Here we saw potatoes
pearances to the eye,' yet with a grad- principally to have seen growing in the was in its virgin state, and over which
he sold almost we ever
ual that perfect drainage'can informed us that cattle roamed unmolested
slope so smooth skin and the herds
his entire at $6 dozen, and State. Large size, ,
crop per the
be had by ditching.The All this was don and unattended. Right through
soil is similar to other flat woods< could have disposed of three times as thoroughly ripe. the artesian centre of this large tract of land a
with the aid of irrigation,
with hard pan from one to three.feet I many as he raised at the same price the although ,canal is cut which is three miles long.
land and at the same place. As fast as i the well furnishing supply,
below, with considerable prairie half mile off. Irrigating i is Into this canal the water from three
intermixed, which, after drainii vines show that they are running needs to break it to they are taken up and cantaloupes] done by means all of the rice
only a plow up side of the field and from thi: I is, carried to parts
and he 1 has one ,
in their stead as
render it ready for cultivation.As planted ; the ield. Here one can see a rice bed,

before stated, last August Hastings some very choice and large varieties trenches or furrows certain are run strip across of land< I I one> and one-fourth of a milein length,
field. When
is expecting to 1 the] a
in Mix Hastings reap
was not, but he soon after put is water the trenches on both rith water flowing at every forty feet
vines needing ,
market. The :sire
of the
and judging from what cream it is needed. Last
an appearance sides of it are 'dammed up and the hat; is, whenever
he has accomplished, we should say a looking healthy and have already allowed to fill the intervening rear on some trial beds of rice, Mr. "

good deal of Hastings( ) had been begun to climb the From wire this placed there can< trenches water till level with the surface,, White gathered nearly 100 bushels to

done. for that purpose. you could and is then dammed in and left to percolate he acre, and the product was pronounced -
He built his house and barns among brm,your; own ideas of what the soil which it will as fine as any from Louisiana

the pines.and) used the prairie land 1 f for be> done in the greenhouse line with do: in through short time., All this goe; i I, or) South Carolina. Some South Car-

his ,garden, and, as we walk around nother earth to furnish you with heat show a very what can be done here by] Una planters have become greatly interested -

it the premises and see tomato plat and moisture at the same time. ;o of the in it and we should not be
who take advantage opportunities
loaded with fruit, some growing, too, From the greenhouse we: visited the hose about them and althought surprised to hear that ere another year

on a land that has never felt a plow; omato frames, of which there are several who should I 'oils around that a number of them

cucumber'vines that are about through kinds, send found the tomato t would not pay anybody well it has Mr I rill invest in'some of these heretofore .
trial it as
lake at as
well the vines having a healthy a "
bearing, yet still can boast of "cuke loing for good despised "flatwoods lands. Should
is a
over two feet' in length; cabbage i in look and hanging full of fruit. The Hastings, there remunerative room prices. any of the members feel like visiting

huge piles that are being fed to "rator majority,and best tomato frames are many more'at f. Hastings, we will say that they

backs" instead of being shipped t to built about five feet high to the North We have reserved to the last one will receive a hearty welcome from

fill the coffers of the railroads and and slope to the South. Waterproof grand feature of this irrigated land, 'Mr. Hastings and his good wife and
cloth is used for covering, which and which will, we believe, erelong
commission merchants, we cannot help fibre one the stay will be made both pleasant j
:? 'but wonder how did he do it all? is i let down or rather rolled down over bring many a dollar to our borders. and, profitable, for Mr. Hastings hasno
We soon discovered the great factor< the plants at night. In this mannerthe This is the raising of secrets and ,shows a true spirit of

'of it all in a four-inch artesian well. tomatoes have been carried throug A after the vegetables are all harvested manhood in that he is willing that

This well is but 250 feet deep yet the eighteen' frosts without injury, and and the land plowed, it is planted torice thers should profit by his experience

volume that rises is enormous and with have been bearing for some time, Kiv.. and the water turned on. In a and steer clear of the snares on which

such force that no'pumps are neede ing Mr. Hastings a chance to get a lotto great deal shorter time than one would he has failed.

to elevate'the water to any part of the > market and secure $4 per cratexteen
barn. The of These tomatoes were and the rice soon sprouts and a sine die.
house or .. temperature quarts. the Society adjourned .
the water remains at about the same- planted( in trenches dug through the good stand is the result. Thus the ,

degrees-the year round, which i i is land can be kept in continued use the

a 79 great advantage in gardening during year round. All that can be done on BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
remains to proven,
this land yet
the Close winter to season.the well the "cuke" house EVERY FAMILYShould for the work that has been done isonly Cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion -

for it would be impossible & Debili ty.ICBA .
.is built, being 156x22 containing fou be provided with Ayer's Pills. a beginning, to
beds which run the whole length. Thi tfo'other aperient is in such general demand for any one or two men

house is covered with glass and built or so highly recommended by the

similar to green houses North, only; profession. Mild but thorough in operation EI Q
,these pills are the best of all rem-
that it does not have to be so strongly; edies for constipation,biliousness,heartburn -

protected against cold and has ni ,indigestion, flatulency, loss of,appetite -

steam heating apparatus. The heal- liver complaint, and sick head-

ing of( this'house during the cold'spell ache. They break up colds, fevers, and

that occur during December, January malaria, relieve rheumatism and neu-'

and February is quite novel as well ai: algia erseitherby, and are indispensable to or travel-"sea. _O1J 58 pl LLSWOIilIf

original, and we venture the assertion Sugarcoat- Needsland compounded G MEDICINE to%
that nowhere in the world is it'dom of : purestvegetable : Disorders, such as Wind and Fain In the Stomach Sick
When the "signs' cathartics, For Bilious and Nervous Swelling after Heals, Dizziness and Drowsiness,
the same way. Headache, Giddiness,Fnlness of Breath, Costiveness,
indicate that a cold night is approaching they may be taken with impunity by Cold Chills,Flashings of H.*t,Disturbed Lou of Appetite.Frightful Shortness Dreams,and all Nerrousand
the Skin
old and Physicians recommend Scurry, Blotches on DOSE WILL GIVE BELIEF IN TWENTY
the well is opened and the strean young. Trembling Sensations&0. THE FIRST Box of these Pins,
:these pills in preference to any other.LWIiershJudsonlaArk.says MINUTES. This is no fiction. Every sufferer is Medieine.-"Worth guinea a boL"-
"cuke"house a
is conducted to lea Wonderful >
of water' "In will acknowledged to
: and they female to complete health. *
where it flows under the beds; 553,by the advice of a friend, I began BEECHA1TS FILLS,taken as directed;will quickly restore

in a stream from three to six inches the: use of Ayer's Pills, as a remedy for WEAK STOMACH ; IMPAIRED DIGESTION; DISORDERED LIKER;

deep. This current of water keeps iliousness, constipation, high fevers, they ACT LUtE MAO1O s--a few dote*wffl work wonders' upon bringing the YIGtt0rgaas:back the keen,Strength-edge of
, the at an average of, 6c and colds. They'served me better than eDiDc the muscular System; ROSEBUD OF Complexion HEALTH the; whole physical energy of then
temperature tried and I ,and arou.s1Dgwtth the .and of the
anything I had previously appetite thousande, all classes of soctety. one :
degrees on cold nights, frequently have used them in attacks of that sort human frame. These to the are Nervous"facts"and Debilitated is that BIEIL&Y'! POLS EAVX SfflS L IlilffI UL1.,
best uarantees! Box.
s4yei'sCathartlcPills Full directions; with each
ever since. GI'' ..An 'A.nn KDIcmI JX
Lancashire, England
children who waLt build.u Prepared only by 365 and 387 Canal St.,New York
Nee I c ato&ic,or generally. B.F.ALLEN A CO.
to* *,should take \ Sold fry Druggists for the United States,who(inquire firstt your druggist f does not keep them, "
K.w Mee:=to take and V Liver cares CamnlateU.' \ Every Doe; : Effective:: { WILL MAIL


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The Farmers
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V!:.t. VI: "Agriculture. is the Basis of Wealth. No. 21.
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TOM SAWYER, Staff Contributor.As Hogs and Colts. it unless he deprived some other man He 'was fined $100 for the first refusal
I see by some paper that in Ken- of his earnings. Let the farmers remember and this on the second was increasedto

For the Cash. tucky they pay the, utmost attention that their prosperity and sue $250. Neither of these sums
to stock in the way of keeping, them cess depends on their ability to labor affects the millionaire, but in paying
Tom'Sawyer once knew a cotton II clean and presentable. For instance, and saves Nor can the government them he does not satisfy the courts'
seed'oil'mill that'was built to fill a
a Chester white boar, for exhibition help them. The government, never and the public's claim on him. Probably
,,1 1o ng felt. want. There is such a thing
; was put upon a table (mahogany, I had a dollar and never will have a Jay Gould would be a better
in thislire1'and
as being' .. too knowing sometimes that suppose) his ears and nose carefully real dollar, except by taxation. Mr. juror than thousands who have far
he sorrows cleaned, his hoofs pared and polished, Cleveland never said a truer thing less than his capacity for money-get
he; knew that mill. He put some his teeth brushed, his hair trimmed, than that "the people support the tinge: But jury duty is one of the obligations
be there
it. It
money into must
washed with and the from which no good citizen
and his entire body castile government, government can-
for ithasn't out. That happened -
soap-then powdered and per- not support the people." will wish to free himself. It is not a
before became
\ Tom Sawyer into an fumed. We don't do that much for I "But," says some advocate of the duty desired,by any business man; but
editor.( He couldn't put money our. children in Florida. warehouse scheme, "the governmentlends in taking it up each assures his fellow-
anything now, unless, perhaps, it is'a They also raise colts in Kentucky money to the banks and the dis citizens that' he is interested in what
nickle In''the slot.
and when one is ready to make his tillers. Nothing further from the concerns them, and not wholly in his
The) mill" spoken of was started'tom. debut he is worth anywhere from$500to truth. Before any man or set of men own affairs. It is just this kind of
e .the farmers of the county independent $10,000. It has every attention can operate a national bank, he or reputation that Mr. Gould stands
of the great cotton seed oiltnisi that a colt could wish. Nice warm they must first lend the government a most in need of. More money he
," and the farmers clapped their stable, plenty to eat, she greenest pas- large sum of money. "But the government surely does not need. He would do
hands in,much glee, all. the while pat. ture in the summer and.a white man furnishes the banks the well if he could exchange part of
-ting'.: the, inventor the back andstirring to wait on it-not a nigger. We raise money free, and they lend it to the what he has for the consciousness of
;,up the animals. The trust colts in Florida, too, or rather we people at,interest. This kind of loose caring for something besides himself
was] paying six cents for seed. By the allow them to raise themselves. They talk, has deceived hundreds. The and his numerous millions.
time the. new mill started seed was bill holders againstloss I I
have the range of the pine woods, eat government secures
wortji! 'nine cents. Suddenly there all the sand and wire-grass they want, by breaking banks. To protect Taxation of Personal Property.
came;a boom when choice corner lots and have a nigger to wait on them itself, the government prints the bills The legislature of New York Stateis
of'se'ed.( : brought twelve cents' and with a stone when they jump into his from its own plates, on paper pre- now going, through its annual conflict -
finally,the farmer was getting about as alleged cornfield. The Florida coltis pared for it, and charges the banks with the assessment reform ques
much for his seed as for the lint, then worth one dollar and fifteen cents. for this service more than it costs. tion. This, year there is better pros-
He,waxed fat and kicked up his heels The Kentucky boy is worth-killing. Every bank is taxed i per cent on' its pect than before that something will
i in:pure': wantonness. TOM SAWYER. circulation every year to compensatefor be done to remedy existing inequalities. -
The;little;,;home mill could' not live this printing, and this, tax more The assembly chosen last fall
andpay; ,,over ten ,cents, but it came The Farmer's Salvation.The than pays the expense of printing !the I was elected largely on a promise of
topass, ",that.the farmer waxed exceedingly issue of Texas. Farm and Ranch bills, several millions annually being I tax reform, and the senate, which
fat,and. kept'his,heels i in the air: for February especially good. I turned into the treasury from this must also look to the people for ap
t p-thirds of the time, because the particularly admire the1 tone of the source. proval next November, will not be,
trust was:paying sixteen cents while it editorial remarks. When so many of "But the whiskey men: the govern- I disposed to obstruct what the vast
squeezed up the price of oil to the the so called agricultural journals are ment stores their whiskey for three i body of real estate holders in country
consumer. running wild over the fool schemes of years, and on their certificates lends I and city imperatively demand. It i is
After 'while the little mill which shallow-pated demagogues and leading them money." Let us be exact. The hardly; possible; for an ideal taxation,
had brought so much rural' happinessto astray the farmers, it is indeed refreshing government don't build any ware system to be adopted. We doubt
the county turned its face to the to see one who is so sound houses for the :whiskey men to store whether such can be devised and enforced .
wall'and slept with its ancestors. Men and conservative, teaching correct their whiskey in. Every gallon of but New York's assessment
said: /Too bad 1 I''' It was a nice little principles of life and action. whiskey made in the United States is laws being confessedly about as unequal
mill and deserved better fate.". But The farmer's lot is indeed a hard taxed 6q ce1Jsj; but as the article is not as possible, any change is likelyto
a day of wrath and reckoning cameas one., By the hardest of' toil he can' fit for use until some time after manufacture be an improvement.
it; always" ,will 'do so long as men make a bare subsistence, and perchance the collection of the tax, is de- Under the present system the
act.foolishly Scarcely had the highsherifperformed lay up something for the inevitable ferred for three years, provided the amount of personal property taxed
( :the last'sad rites and rainy day of old age. He very I distiller gives bond for the amount has steadily declined until it is now .
wrfts over the defunct mill when, be- justly believes that he bears more than and stores his stuff at hn own expensein only about one eleventh of the whole. t'

hold,,,the price",of.cotton seed was no his proper share of the burdens of the a warehouse controlled by government The owners of personal property are
longer buoyant! but the market became State. Producing by his toil that officers. If the cotton producerwas allowed to. "swear off" the amount of
""depressed." Tom Sawyer will which enriches the world, h 'remaln taxed, as he once was, though illegally their indebtedness, and the great ma-
never see the color of ,his money in comparative poverty. Is it any and the government should jority take advantage of this provisionof
again, but he is proud to know that wonder then when he ponders over say, "store your cotton in your own the law to exempt themselves alto-
cotton seed is still worth six cents in these things that he should fall an easy house and give me the key, and I'll gether. But for the taxation of bank
that county.. .Men who raise cotton prey to the designing! frauds who: tak-- wait on you for the tax," it would be capital at par value there would be far
seed in that section'ao: !longer kick up ing advantage of his want of,information about what he says to the distiller.It less personal property assessed than
their'heels after the "inanner'of a festive promise him an easy road out of seems silly to have to say all this, now. Yet the fact is beyond questionthat
colt in'high rye, but :they mentally his difficulty ? and yet the people's minds have beenso personal property, though growing
kick themselves '(every season That the taxing power of the gov beclouded by false teachings that less on the assessment rolls, con-
.when they remember the dear'little ernment has been perverted to the enrichment this is not only new to them, but will stitutes a larger proportion of the
mill that died:of neglect. ,of other and'more favored not be believed by them. Let the wealth of the people of the State thanit
classes; that greed and monopoly, ''fostered farmer quit looking to the governmentor did thirty or forty years ago, when
Tom Sawyer kicks himself, too, by the (famous laws of'a corrupt some secret society to make him its assessment was not so generally
when he thinks of one thousand'beau government, have deprived him of,his rich, and study his methods, work evaded as now. Even the banks
tiful 'dollars that were butchered in hard earnings, is plain to every read: hard and save all he can, and success which are taxed on their capital man-
the more than beautiful ;I ng'ago ing and thinking person. will be his.-Farm and Ranch. age to evade a part of what is due byholding
when he fought' monopoly" with. his What, then, is the remedy? For a portion of their basis, not
,purse. He is wiser now and poorer all political wrongs, undoubtedly political Jay Gould and Jury Duty. as capital but as surplus. It is quite.
also,. but he will 'continue to,fight the action will be required. But The effect of great wealth in dimin- common for banks having $100,000

trust' power until his tongue is palsied the evils of 'class legislation, cannot ,be ishing public spirit which is the basis.. or $200,000 capital to have besides
and. his pen is worn down to a' stub. corrected by class legislation. No of true patriotism,' is seen in the re-I surplus of twice orf thrice these

\AU:\ .* TOM SAWYER, ,, man ever got a dollar without earning .fusato Jay Gould to do jury duty. amounts. This is possibly excusable

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Under a system where other personal ernment. .Far too large"a,proportionof Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, RICH. FLORIDA
property escapes assessment entirely.Taxaiton legislators are not real estate hold Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and LANDS
!is a necessary burden ogodernrient. f ers and pay no taxes. When assessments Texas, the farmers realize $15 per
tt is the price paid by reach, as they, acre on their cotton crop, while these
} "persons. arid property for protection, should, the strict economy demanded same Northern states cannot producethe
and ,in, proportion to abiiity to flay now by representatives from country staple at all? -
should be allotted to all.The idea which districts,will then be demanded by the The people in these grain produc-
Some 'entertain tHat by,some hocus po- representatives of cities and villages.Am. .- ing states are the best customers the
. c'us taxes may be raised for supporting Cultivator. Southern farmer can have. Will
goterntrierit without burdening any- .* j ,them we have absolute free trade be-
Bddy) ; isdn of the most dangerous Some farmers have become so spec- sides they are of us and we are bound
deliisioris that can be propagated. ulative that they persist in buying by every tie.
Methods to ease taxation other than abroad half a dozen staple articles of Is it not, therefore, both sensible i r
by its even distribution are always consumption which ,they can raise at and profitable for the Southern farmerto
.t, attempts to throw the larger share of a profit at home.-Galvestoti News. produce that only which his soil
I taxes. on those :east able to bear It. The above is presumably a thrustat and climate will permit him to raiseat
The attempt to put taxation wholly the Southern farmers who buy their a profit under his environments, A -
i on land; as ,advocated by Henry flour, a portion of their cornmeal l and and for the Northern farmer to do the
George,theorists, is the most absurd hog products in Northern and North- same thing, and in the meantime sus- Farmers Stop and Think.

of all. In large,portions of the country western States. As a matter of fact, tain our transportation enterprises by] WHY Spend the best years of your
land is not able to bear present such assertions have been continually I mutual exchange of product and save life cultivating the soils of the frozen
taxes, and is decreasing in price, with sounded into the ears of Southern at least 25 per cent. profit in the, deal? North and West raising crops on which
prospect of going altogether into possession farmers by so-called statesmen and Southern Mercury. the freight is often not realized, when
of the State unless for -:-H-(-
present leading journals years. you can buy land from the undersigned,
assessment methods ,are. greatly In the opinion of The Mercury the BOARDMAN, FLA., May 9, 1891. rich and fertile as anY'''known lands,
time has arrived dissect Mr. E. Bean, Jacksonville, Fla. : '
changed to such utter- and where you,can raise a crop that the
Of course whenever it is proposed ances to the end that their soundnessor DEAR SIR-In answer to yours of United States Government will pay a
? to amend assessment,laws all the, difficulties i rottenness may be shown.In the 7th inst., we have sprayed our BOUNTY of$Io0 on'each acre.

of this subject are presentedby the States of Missouri, Kansas, groves with the Eureka Insecticide, HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell
those interested, in keeping up the Illinois, Colorado, Michican, Nevada using three pints to fifty gallons of the said right there in home
crop your
present state of things. It is urged and Pennsylvania the farmers harvest water, and find it entirely effectual.We You ask
market for $250 per acre. for
that'if mortgages are taxed as well as sixteen bushels of wheat to the acre, find no spiders now at all, and "How" and the "Wherefore."
land, that property pays a doubletax while in North Carolina, South Carolina I hope that the job is done for this sea- the and
Quite right-facts figures count best.
and some enforced this will drive Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, son at any rate. Respectfully yours
capital away from the States. The Arkansas and Texas they harvest less F. G. SAMPSON. Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.

experience of other States does not than seven bushels per acre. TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers -
i justify this last,conclusion. The State, With present transportation facilities The Soil Inexhaustible.Some of papers, the fact that there is now
! anyway, can afford to lose property wheat or its product can be shipped speculative philosophers haveof established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
that is not willing to pay for its own from these Northern and NorthwesternStates late years predicted that the time St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
4 protection. In all the States farmers to any of these Southern States will come when the soil of the world news. We are talking to all our
ate demanding laws that will secure a for twenty cents per bushel. Hence, will'be exhausted and the human race friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
larger proportion of personal propertyon : by allowing the Southern farmer twenty gradually become extinct on our planetfor cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
+ the assessment rolls. The,,listing cents per bushel extra for his wheatwe want of food-be "starved out," pay you a bounty of two cents j pound
system, whereby each citizen is required place the farmers of the, sectionsin as it were-but the American Agriculturist on the manufactured sugar. The St
under oath to assess himself, isprobably direct competition at the) Southern does not take readily to this mel- Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,
: the best method securing farmer's door with the following results ancholy view of the case. averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
this result. Including both mortgagesand : It says: "One foot in depth of a acre last year, and it will go 5,000
the property on which they are The Northern farmer's wheat at 80 Fairly good agricultural soil contains pounds this year.METHODS .

levied, this system does tax some prop cents per bushel nets him $12.80per 4,000 pounds of phosphoric acid; ? This isn't the only big
erty twice.: : Yet the rate of tax is so acre at home, while the Southern 3ooo pounds of potash; 16,000 poundsof chance of life, however. The
,) l largely reduced by this larger assess- farmer's wheat at $i per bushel nets nitrogen and lime, magnesia,'soda, cultivation of your rice,lands about Kissimmee -
i ment ,that neither has to pay moreL him $7 per acre, showing a balanceof chlorine, sulphur, and silica to afford is to become an assured, profitable
than half as much as the luckless holder $5.80 per acre in favor of the food for all the crops which these three fact. There is no richer or better
.of mortgaged property paid under Northern farmer. Will any man whois elements can feed per acre. After ,truck and market-garden lands in the
1 the old system.It a friend l to the Southern farmer, farmers, by careful and skillful culti- world than the land on the rich overflow
is objected, by some that,capitalists with these facts before him, ask himto vation, have exhausted all, this great or bottom lands about Kissim
\ having loaned money under a sys- struggle: against such conditions? store of plant food in the uppermost mee., Write, for confirmation, to Col.
tem whereby, they practically} escape Again in the states of Illinois, Ohio, foot of this soil, which will require A. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia
taxation have thereby made a contract Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, New York several centuries, will the soil be ex. Times who has 'personal knowledge.
which hausted? Not at all. As the land is ,
cannot by new State and Nebraska, the farmers harvestover Then in lands for
.orange groves, or
laws. But there has never been any 35 bushels of corn per acre, gradually changed into vegetable cultivated or
I ,
implication, even in the laws that while in the states of North Carolina, growth, and the surface is removed as I groves[ can satisfy you that your best interests
mortgages should not be taxed. Assessors South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, farm crops, as it gradually deepens, lie in seeing me before any one else.
were required under oath to Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas they the subsoil'which contains the very HOMES.
BEAUTIFUL The healthfulness
I assess them wherever known. But it harvest less than 13 bushels per acre. same elements becomes fitted for -
has, been found impossible to assess The freight charges on corn pro- plant food. And thus the imperishable and beauty of Kissimmee
more than a small 'share'of mortgage ducts from these corn growing statesto ) nature of matter applies to the soil, have never been questioned. No
capital and this fact has apparently the cotton states mentioned is about which can never be exhausted duringall diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia -
justified men in trying to evade taxeswhich 14 cents per bushel to bring them into the ages which are to come. All -in fact, read our medical
were universally evaded so far direct competition at the Southern that mankind has to do is to use its report. Beautiful cottages, villas or
farmer's arts under the instruction of science lots suitable for residences.. Writefor
as possible: door. We will: allow the ,
;Now,it is proposed to begin;with, a Northern, farmer. 30 cents per bushel to develop this latent fertilty of the terms and particulars.
system .that will includeall the,property ;- and the Southern farmer. 50 cents per : soil, and to go on feeding the human COME, SOUTH, And get untold
that the;laws protect. 'New'York bushel. The result will be that the race until the end, if an end ever shall' quantities[ of the grandest climate in
t will then have a lower rate of State Northern farmer will receive-$ come, when the earth will no longer I the world free with each acre of ground

taxation, ,with theprospect: of 'making per acre on, his corn, while the Southern exist as a fit.habitation for mankind." purchased. Come where you can till
\ it,still lessas, wealth and intelligence farmer receives only $6.50 per r the soil twelve months in the year.
increase. One of the best effects of acre on his, leaving a balance of $4' A SLEEP INDUCER. fit least write to me for full particulars.
this uniform pressure of taxation on per acre in favor of the Northern Hereford's Acid Phosphate.DR. WM. CANNON: ,

4 all\ property: will be to..'make all classes farmer. The same will hold:good in J. E. LOCKRIDGE,Indianapolis, KI&rimmee, Fla.
i more careful l in demanding economical l hog products. With these facts staring Ind., says: "From my experience, I Agent for the for Afwodated the land of Railway the DlMton land Companies. ,.aodthe,
administration is because. 'men do them ;in the face, can 'any'man land of KlBdmmee Lacd Co.
would' that as a nerve restorer in exhaustion Phosphate, cane, rice, trucking,
!noV:directly i feel taxes' that they'are longer ask the farmers to raise all they say sugar
fruit, grazing, timber general farming,
inclined launch out into extravagant :consume at home, especially when.:we from any,cause, and as a sleep _and home lands, Send for map showing
expenses :by l State'and .General Gov-,ascertain at.i. i in the states ofrNorth i1Ji lttr, it is of the greatest value" lands I
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Cotton Culture.I hoe, thus both chopping out and giving keep plowing-you are forming a from an honest man. Mr. Willetts is :
hare never written anything for the cotton a good plowing at the mulch'(or the land and crop. It maybe the right man in the right place. Being -.
publication, but as I have been raisIng same time. This can be done when hot and dry on top, but ,beneath a practical farmer and thoroughly
cotton for twenty-five years, will the cotton is in the knuckle, but I you will find moisture.; The essentials conversant with the conditions and .
tell you and my brother farmers whatI am governed by circumstances. IfI l for a good crop are a thorough needs of his toiling brethren and the
think I know about rotton. From have not a sufficient quantity of seed preparation of the soil before planting, economic questions of the day, makes ,
my 'experience the following is the culled to plant a given plot of land and to be kept in this condition by him eminently fitted to the,requirements ? -
best mode of cotton culture: with the planter, the scooter plow Is constant and well applied cultivation. of his important position. The
There are several requisites for the taken to mark off the proper distance, -Prize Essay in Farm and Ranch. national lecturer is a walking cyclo-
production of cotton: Good sound' and drop by hand in the check any > pedia of Alliance information, rand his
seed, good land, favorable seasons i number of seed desired. I cover the THE REFORM PRESS. style is such as to win and hold his
and good cultivation-properly appliedat I seed with cultivator, and just before hearers to the end. It is to be hoped
the right time-the farmer to be coming up drag the: beds with a light The, Discussion of Current Topics Brother Willetts will pass this way
conditions of weather This is all cultivation in the Organized States. the
governed by drag. stirringthe again and help remove from body'R
and circumstances.I land often, and leaves it in a pul- The Independent (New Britain, politic of Maryland the same incubus
claim that,the seed should'be from: verized condition and the beds down Conn.) says: Organized labor is advocating that he so successfully overturned in
the first and lower bolls that open, flat, which admits of getting close to industrial reform., Indus- his own State of Kansas.
judiciously culled by oneman, cleanly the young plants, the first plowing, trial reform does not contemplate the Adair County Farmer (Kirksrill, a
ginned and kept in a dry place until with the cultivator set deep. abrogation of the rights of any individual Mo.) says: The Alliance does,not ex-
planting time.. After the first plowing it is neces What it does seek is to deprive pect to get every reform that is need
The land should be stubble or corn sary to bring the cotton to a stand a few individuals of special ed at once, but it sets out what is
land, plowed deep as possible in the with the hoe, leaving one stalk to the privileges by which the rights of the required to be done, and will keep
fall or winter-broadcast. About the hill or check. ,Due caution is necessary majority of our citizens have been them prominently before the people,
first or middle of March this land not'to bruise the young and ten- wrested from them. pressing forward, turning neither to
should be thrown into beds four feet der plant with the \hoe, nor to leavea The Farmer also paragraphs: Thereare the right nor to the left, but pushingfor
wide.: My plan is to do this with a sprig of grass near it, and it is very a great many office seeking wolves the prize at the end of the contest
cultivator or adjustable double shovel necessary that the stalk should be left now trying to bleat like spring lambs -good government for all the people.
-some use'turning plow. A high bed standing perfectly erect,with sufficientfine around the Alliance lodges in Geor- Southern Iowa Farmer (Bloomfield)
is not required. Let it alone until] soil around it to keep it, well sup gia. Brethren, take your yard stick says: "The government issues part of
ready to.plant. ,and then run a harrowa ported until the plow can get to it the and lift the very hide off these un- the paper money of the nation. And
( V-shaped harrow is best) or dragon second time. natural varmints. there is no good reason why it shouldn't
top of each T bed to pulverize the The second plowing should be the The Kansas Commoner ('Vichita' ) issue all. Let the banks be abolishedas
soil and flatten the beds, which will narrow way. If there has been much asks: Brother, are we ready for one of banks of issue. That was what'
also kill a large amount of germinating rain and the weeds and grass are com the hardest fights ever recorded in Jefferson and Lincoln said, and we
grass and, weed seeds, some of ing thick and fast, as soon as the the history of the country? If not, ought to take their advice"
which will have come up by this time.I ground will admit of it, I do this witha we should prepare. The foe, monop-- Industrial Free Press (Winfield,
then take a' small scooter and go large sweep, placing as much dirtto oly, has his batteries turned on the Kan.) says:, "Here is one fact in our
across the rows or beds, checking the the plant as possible, in, order to Alliance tenting field, and they are financial and business relations that
land at suitable distance. The width cover up all the grass. Plow'middles filled with slime falsehoods and stands out! in bold relief and,ought to
will be according to the strength and with same plow. If the weather is slanders. be plain to every one who thinks. It
productiveness the land. If it is seasonable! I do this plowing with cul- The Alliance Advocate (Louisville, is that it is an utter impossibility to
strong by nature or made so, by manure tivator-all four plows wide enough Tenn.) is but partly right, as the pay ten per cent. debts out of a two
I check it four feet one way by to'plow middle also, adjusting the farmers propose to bear all expenseof per cent. business. Nor is this alone
three the other. Strong or heavily plows to throw more or less dirt. My deposit, while the governmentbears the case with the' farmer but the merchant -
manured land forces up a strong, vig- second plowing is not so deep as the the expense of keeping the as well. They, too, are unableto
orous stalk, especially 'during a wet first. I consider this the most critical bonds: The sub-treasury is but the do a profitable business. The laborer
season, and it should have plenty of stage of the plant's) life. It has now virtual extending of the rights of also works for starvation wages and
distance to admit of air and warm sun-' i begun? its growth; its tap root has national banks to the farmers, except all are suffering in a great degree from
shine to mature the lower and inner reached its native element-the hard that the farmer is willing to deposit the high rate of interest and the dear
)bolls. At this distance cotton, while pan or clay-and it is budding and actual value for money received from dollar. We are compelled to use money
young, can be cultivated each way leafing; At this stage'it depends upon the government, while the deposit of and the greater its purchasing power
with any kind of plow the farmer the farmer' to advance or retard its fu the bank is of mythical value. the more of the products of labor it
thinks best. ture. It is strong enough to admit of The Farmers' Alliance Journal (Bal- I will purchase. The higher the rates
If the land'is thin and no manure the soil being placed around it in sufficient timore, Md.) notes the national lec of interest we have to pay the less the '
used, the stalks will be smaller and quantity to cover up all vegetation turer's work in Maryland: Hon. J. F. profits in business, and the remedy for
the,checks should be closer. On thin and from this point I use alto Willetts national lecturer, has been I such evils is for the government to use
land I check 4 feet one way by 18 to gether the adjustable turning plows of giving to the farmers of Marylandsome its proper authority to coin money and'
scinches: the other. At this distanceit the cultivator for future cultivationnext sound Alliance doctrine the i regulate the value thereof, and furnish
will not admit a cultivator the narrow the cotton, and solid sweeps for past week. Notwithstanding rain, l it in sufficient quantity to do the business -
: way, and can rarely be plowed the middles. At each plowing I get snow and bad roads proved an obstacle of the country on a cash basis
more than once or twice. I think further from the cotton, plowing very to travel, (rood audiences greeted i and at a rate of interest that will cover
four feet the proper distance to plant shallow, so as not to reach and disturbthe the distinguished gentleman at I its cost of issue only, and money will
cotton cither' for check or drill. For roots, adjusting the plows so as to different points in the State. At Salisbury then revert to its proper: use, a medium r '
drill cotton it admits of better cultiva. throw sufficient dirt to give, as it were, Chestertown, Hagerstown, II tof exchange. This would stop gold
tion during both wet or dry seasons.If a fresh bath every time. Cumberland, and Westminster the ,I gambling and effectually settle the
I have a sufficient quantity of seed, By having your cotton checked, people pushed their way through mud money question. But we are told thisis
it is my plan to let the planter put and by plowing both ways, it is not and storm to hear this faithful and inflation doctrine. Well, what of
down all the seed it will on the bed, necessary to hoe it any 'more if the able apostle of reform, and none were that? Can we have too much money?
and' when the cotton is high enoughto weather is seasonable; but if we have disappointed in hearing burning truths No, not if it is good money and a
admit of a little dirt, I check it. I excessive rains, another hoeing is
am here governed by the distance it necessary I will ay from extremewet THE BEST At g. THE LATEST IMPROVEDBROWNCOTTONG1N
is intended to stand as to what kind weather I have had tresort 10
Qf plow I use to run across the rowS.!. the turning plow to clean my cotton.
It' 24 inches, | use! an 18 or 20 inch I think it is very injurious tn co ion
sweep l leaving a drill or row across to stir the ground; while it is,wet r
the field from 4 to 6 inches wi e, in heay;, better wait until it is iir good
which space there will 'be left standIng (. working condition; then you can ac. With Non-Friction Cotton Box and Linter Attach-
from t to 8 stalks of cotton. If to com plash loqrinich, \ as much, and with a ment Condenser., New- Automatic Runs very:Apron light. Feeder Gins Fast.and Cabinet Make*.
he left wider,_ I u"'-e. double shovel, better results. Farmeis. had better Fine Sample. Two Brush Belt*on all Gins,Insuring
and'h'' .iye used cultivator with fenders, abandon a part ot. their, cotton crop Patent Steady Flange Motion.Brush No Choklnsno Sticks, keeping breakingthe the Saws JlolL Fred
returning one set ot. }plows in same lur than plow their lands wet, and inju e' and Machine Clean Fully when Ginning Guaranteed.Damp seed Delivered Cotton.Freight Every
row, cutting away a few inches for both land and. cotton. | Free at the following Prices: Gins,3.00 per saw f
for Feeders,91.0O per savr Condensers,fl.00 per aweSp.erai
proper,distance. Plowing across throws During a drouth<<; my experience ,: Terms Ke alto 1114"V/Mture&w.ltf I and ether material*for rqwiywing ..
forms' the desired. check anti teaches me to plow cotton often. If] sad D18e maM. Cint0fttr Makers,*,greatly reduced_ price. '

eves many thousand strokes with ,the: Jie top soil becomes' dusty' t 'an$ dry 4k' THE BROWN COTTON CIN CO., New London, Conn.

'- --w.. .,.. .r ,. -. >, ." -, .. '. ..' ,.. ,- .....",. __ .._ __. .f414 -.. ..._- '.""'" -_ ..'- '- __ .",.,.........; ...... ,

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money secured by all ,the wealth the process of separation and takes the a cold November the telegraph con

: nation is good money. How couldwe butter from the cream. Fresh, sweet veyed the good news, glad tidings and

,have too many postage stamps? milk, at a temperature of 62 degrees,, peace, happiness and even hilarity
They arc the fiat 'of the governmentand runs..into the machine and the butter dwelt in the hearts of men-dwelt

are good for ,their purpose always. comes forth ready for salting and there until that almost fatal day in ..
Suppose the government would makea packing for market, the whole opera early November when the highlandsmet -

billion stamps ,in a year more than tion lasting but a few minutes. This the lowlands in battle array and

was needed, or any like sum,' they means a complete revolution in our smote us hip and thigh, falling uponus
;would simply be laid away until needed most improved dairy methods. like a thousand of proverbial hrick

; then they would be good, they "Consider the simplicity and directness and making us very uncomfortable.

would not be in circulation only as (characteristics of all great inven Since that memorable day we have

demanded, and they would never depreciate tions) of the new method, the time, heard mighty little about the Alliance

in value. So with a public care and labor saved, and, the milk dying out, until this week Col. Sh walter Florida Central and Peninsular

credit money-it would ''bear the fiat handling and churning apparatus that came ,in from' Summer county

AI ,or .'stamp of government and would will be done away with. Milk cream and retailed the hoary-headed and RAILROAD,

J'' be: good at face value when needed. and butter are very perishable articles, worm.eaten chestnut to' the marines THE FLORIDA TRUNK LIXE

Gives cheap money based on the and every hour they are kept adds to here and hereabouts.-Topeka Lance. (Formerly F. R &" N Co.) offers Increased
'ei tir lweal h of the country and most the nsk of loss, and the dairyman has This same song resounded throughthe /iacilltles this season for travel to Florida,
In addition tit its old and popular
0. of the financial ills from which we very much to gain by being able to capital at Austin ,during the sittingof connexions having the LOUISVILLE A NASHVILLE

suffer"will disappear as if by magic. place pure, fresh butter on the market the Twenty second Legislature.Men UhORUIA K It MoUTH st the RISer EU.< A,uncI..on1".nd(the t.he-

The Signal(Manhattan, Kan.) says: within a few hours after the milk from who owed their election to Alli- SUWKHI River route to Florida",arranged

',"As the sub treasury plan becomes which it is made is drawn from the ance votes openly proclaimed the demise we fur a t via new Montgomery rmte troal, \rabrldge tl-e West and and Monti Nurtu*.

better, understood, opposition to it di cows. So far as 'we are able to learn, of the order whenever they could cello,,:.carrying ATl TO TAMPA.Through fcUvUTH from- cINOIN -

minishes. We all know that the bulk tests made in this country establishthe get any one to listen to ,them. Men The toad has now no leas than

of r fartp products are ready for market claims made by the Swedish inventor who eulogized the Alliance, while can- Seven Points of Connection, With

at the'same; time. Immediately after and the butter extractor is a didates, as the salt of the earth, took the North
harvest everybody is wanting sell success." great pleasure in denouncing its officers nnmely Fernandlna, ,

grain, and in fact a great many are Tne Farm and Fireside is excellent as third party hacks, sub-treasury Lire Oak Lake City CallahanrJackPOnVIUe
JU CUtD, making comfortable connection
compelled to dispose of it, no, matter authority on such matters as the cranks, etc.These with Chicago, KansisCity and aU northern
-- how l low the price received. The sub above, and is not apt to be,carried things were known of all men augurated.ciil-s, for which this road Is specially In

treasury plan proposes that the government away by extravagant reports of new with eyes and ears who visited the The Florida Central .
establish warehouses in each inventions.If Texas capitol during January, Febru
' county in which to deposit"the farmers' butter can be produced from aryand March, 1891. Why was it and. Peninsular It road f

grain'as:security 'for a loan of'eighty milk just taken from the ,cow, after thus? Was it the result of hereditary U finest the greatest parts of u Florida very of, traversing'travel through twenty-the

per cent. of its value at one per cent. reducing it to '62 degrees, the usual 1 moral disease, of vicious, associationor \OUDIIte-Oa.dlKl.n.: Jeflenon, UnvalAlachiu .
.. Lake, Leon' r u vs'iute. Nas-au,
"interest. The farmer still owns the .temperature of well water and spring want of common sense?-Southern Levy, Orange, lllll.b WaxuIIa,

,grain and can dispose of it at any time water in the pine hills of Mississippiand Mercury. Columbia MudlK..., Baker cuy,, Mrlo Bra sfurd,.'.ulk1au.Lt"t..inter, I er-,
;during the year and receive the current Louisiana, and no lower tempera -. e uau..o IInd Ud"4to--ln tiulr I ,lch MI p<'ril..u.IIIUUH .
price, less, of course, the advance' he ture needed, dairymen may begin to : Farm Fences. &liON or through .h." MIDUI.K, FUUKIOA flold, Rh.aiLLCuUNTKYuiieivureth -

has already received. This would effectually I plan for putting their cows and Few improvements show up to so Farming Lands and the New To-
do away with grain gambling dairies in order, with prospects of good advantage; on a farm as good

:-and'insure, a uniform price. The grain grand ,successes in dairying in the fences, and no kind of fence looks as bacco Farms

:would be sold direct to the consumeras South in the future. The machinerywill well as the Combination Picket and conducted ireafht-d. by on ua a large other cale 111el)He norne e are of Quluoy Hum,.

: the demand called for,it, who would probably be not more expensivethan Wire Fence as made by the Garrett i Tal ..h &aUk" (nbd I captUl. M on lice.lo, .)11&111.
d oilier towun, from whose comfortable,
'escape ,paying the grain gamblers'( un- that used in good dairies at the Fence Machine. Every farmer who tiou"tniple a uwmti,ig., repo.lag In a fertile

dust ,and exorbitant charges, limited present time But we will wait and contemplates building any fence this couuliy iio>' the, Iscomtbg resources:* lavlMbeU ien wvu eutrgy about. ."..heui.Mrttchlnguown ).m-. .
only by their power to control. the see how the affair "pans out" after winter should write to S., G. Garrett, tur ugh

t supply." frequent and complete tests. Mansfield, 0., for catalogue of ma- 'I he Peach ( ouutry
i "< .a- chine, which he will send Iree. He of Bakt r, hradf.rd,Aiuchim.. auu Levy coun-
' ; The Butter Extractor.. The World's Fair In .'03 also furnishes galvanized annealed lle, liitoiigh lii j 4 r.pnruuStrawberry Farms

_. C:- ,A. Johnson, of Stockholm, Will be held in Chicago. The Pioneer steel wire and other fencing material] of r.wtey,Mhrklll and Waid",, ruap.superior
Sweden, has invented and patented a Buggy in '91 will be made in Columbus direct from factory to farmers at In profit to the orange grovr-It gods through
tut hear of the bide, penetrating s m. of
: butter extractor, the object of which, O. If you care to know how, wholesale prices. tb i fluent glover, on, having

? the'inventor: says, "is to separate, collect send 10 cents, silver or stamps, for 7O.OOO Full-bearing Orange

and remove the butter from fresh "Complete Horse Book," and that will Apopka, Fla., is the center of a fine Tree,

milk; leaving fresh skimmed milk or tell. Pioneer Buggy Company, Columbus farming country and the Alliance has psitslni for hearty tulle b-'weeu themumklu -
lu outhward the ODlr,and to
blue "milk, and not buttermilk, as is Ohio. taken deep root in that vicinity. i he u.ore tropical portions. of the Hi ate. In
obtained as a residue by the ordinary *-.>-. Owing to its steady and future flatter- *1 pun to. of tue. H ate It r ,acne points of
The Alliance Dyinar. cenlc Interest.
process of.churning.' ing prospects the Alliancemen are >
News reaches the pu1licia; Waxulla! Springs lu the Wet, he Suwannee,
'"Fresh milk drawn from the general
just agitating the establishment of a cooperative River as iwhutlfu and r..I.'*nUu as U Isi
; cow, as is well known, consists bluemilt one ot the newly appointed State officers Alliance grain and grocery t.our i Mlver is" rtna. 1 the lake region,
and the 'akes Lbem-., \% tit. their surrounding -
and butter fat, the latter being that the Alliance' is dying out. store at Apopka. They will "go *of ro.Ilbg Vt'tIl interspersed with

distributed through the new milk uni- This has a familiar sound, and, whilein slow" in the matter, as heretofore Al. t pltasnui the. clear uo .lake.Hln ir green nU grove B> ,.means. A lngdown ui this
fprmly in the form of exceedingly minute many respects it may be' humpedlike liince exchanges and cooperativestores road you eau most. J'eHdll' reach the

.:globules, the compound forming a a camel, there cm be no question in Florida have not been a Hunt Ing stud Fishing Grounds.-
sort of emul ion., about its shape resembling a chestnut. "howling success," to'use a familiar The -etfer wi I flu t on the. &I..*.ut this road
M (greatrro) p -."'sutty lr H tarlel so rtinr (1 "By my method I extract from thefresh Early last year, when the trees put out expression. Bad management has, th. ui uu auy other road In the M.tvftom
their tender shoots and the Easter Halite t Mills to thoM uiiJerlxld ,,,t.clay *
milk in a continuous manner, however, been the cause of failure. and ....a.l. loud of riche Uainmock-.
;substantially the whole of the butter flowers blushed under the first gazeol ubethrr tor te,-,.arruixed rarmllla' ... o.
JHO! faun ug, pe", 'h or utrawberriT'ialtDrv,
in that the
""faVJeaving as a residue fresh skimmed man, there came reports .
urMiiKU gr Vr *>n I vt-getable gan ''"''
milk without any perceptible lactic Alliance was going to pieces, and anon A Planters Experience. The loorut will tie gn t fled ,with. Its
MMr plantation is In a malarial .... I NC nery ('be be 1111.*crier on 1U ample
fermentation." the confirmation came from the four Act,where fever and ague prersiiledU ronif can find noiii spot| tdapted to hi*
The rarm' and Fireside publishing (quarters of the State the ,birds car l1 Jr employ O band*i froqaeatly"balff wants. On the. hmd lsy riO,of MUdleKlorMa
them were sick. I Ass nearly dim the hur in(full the article and cuts from which ing it in their tuneful lays, the frogs oarage*when began the ase et11111'S and xati.l..etrwr.nd, Ibo Klorfd-t- Ceutral
w .make the above extracts, comments mentioning it in their bass solos, and ; .and l'enl".ular l. theSportsman's Roufe.

as follows:' the Republican politicians preaching :
Nonr.--Pas.-eng' T. from N"rthern ennnee-
"If all the favorable reports are it from stump, schoolhouse and the' Pills dons h' vln* tlC4ove> the F. .r..H. eutral
r' .true the butter extractor described atre. As the spring wore into summer and P uln.ulMr lpo ..>.. In >H wtli F.orUla
have the p'rotirge or being tax: luto.hCk-:
anfl illustrated, on another page of this and summer's verdure took on .onvl 'le over th: Company'Ilucuin/ I a U w nlssiop'ovrr
within the going Iu. its of th*
issue; certainly one of the greatest the tints'of fall, the rumors grew thick The result. was and he.rty.aa41 bar ttttit>rb.eame.trong ilcktt, with return to lurir t<. t.> for d.tlna-
inventions ever made in the art of and numerous, and the day was count trouble. Wltb tbee* lion fire of *xtra charge.. S lid for map of
KiorUU, mail d frvt?
ed lost whose sun last Mil*. I would not 'ea.&oIl.7'
19W descending
butter making. By a comparatively ......." E. RIVAL,bayou Sara,.... A..O. HacDONEI.L.U..1- A.JaduitnvJIn. .
simple addition and improvement, the no rays upon a Dew story from hitheror Sold Everywhere. Via,
f centrifugal cream separator IS turned,J von, that the Alliance was dyingout. N. a. PKNNI> Gi ON,Traffic Manager.D. .
&41 Park Pla. Hew Ytrfc
," ,into a machine that completes the t. As cool September approached Office,39 E. MAXWELI ,Ueaeral )Jae Ncer.

a D

L._ =4 b-- ....;.a...... ... ';" :':"' ...!":" !,- ""h:_<...:,; .. :.... _." ,___ ".. _, \,. .'. i.,... '--;<<,::-. ,- ,- .





416: _.w ::L:,, ..._. _.._. h FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [MAY 21, 1891 i

"CENT-WOADCOLUMN.! : Qrifflng A: Bradley, of Pomona Wholesale Repair your old family Bibles Make them R nd us your orders for note paper,pens
Nurseries, Macclenny, Fla..advertise on first good as new. DaCosta' Printing and Pub- Ink. and all supplies. We will treat you
page of this number for contract budding.This fishing House, Jacksonville, Fla. right. DaCosta Printing and Publishing t
To Insure Insertion--to t '/'ooiumn, advertisement Is a rare chance-to get trees raised as you Do you need stationery of any kl ad-paper, Nun.P.JafhBonvUI. FIR.I *
want them; and Ink Bend to DaCosta Printing and i
*mart be accompanied by the money. pens
Adrertieinents mart not :exceed fifty word Bay a home cheap I A pleasant home can Publishing House,Jacksonville Fla. I I NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.]
reoehred 1ent. be secured on the Installment plan. Nice Do you need printing of kind Send to
Pottage Stamp tn-Pa7 any
lots In of the most
house and two one pleasant DaCosta and House
Coast everr word.laetedla name and addreu. W. Printing Publishing ; : .
locations In the city. Address, CIIAB. JackftonvlUe. FinCHRISTIAN BIGPremIumOffer
I I DACOSTA,_Jacksonville, Fla. .

years graft on four year Citrus Trifoliate able for budding. State size,quality,whether WORKBY
took*;etlll dormant and just ready to plant,I I sweet or sour,distance from depot and price !
being cut back from over three feet,at$ >per Address GUJUCK BBO,Mt. Dora,Fla. :
100 or|7 per dozen,-delivered at any postofflce 4-8O-6t LEaDIN CatRCH..EN.
.r express office In the 'United States.. Send
The Florida Real Estate Journal Arcadia.
gal note .JA.FAXBSK TBXK Co., SanFranclsoo. '
po- to It Florida-with State Map-can be had foronlyten THE NATIONAL' TRIBUNE, Washington, D.
cents. South Florida lands cheap. 2-19-12 O.",the Great National Weekly for the home THE -
For'sale cheap, a perfect ,beauty. a'half and fireside,will shortly begin' the publica. j'
blood Jersey bull calf,two months old.' J. B. CURE.NO FEE! Cured tion of a highly Interesting series of articleson "LORYDA
WADE,Jacksonville Fla. 6-21-21 Moa[ aU-MENO] DR. HAMILTON, the condition,development and prospectsof ;
WANTED-TO buy or exchange, ,one > ,( ,)IId. the great churches this country,by the I Dispatch, Farmer and FruitQrowerFor .
each of rare Florida bird eggs. Address, trading men of the several.churches. The
stating. terms.Miss SAXJUK W...TE Green- articles and t.helrcont11botor are: one year and a copy ofWhite's .f1
v1l1.e..Ala. ,.2t (fiLO R IDA DISPATCH I{ 1.&ROWEli ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, Cardinal : :Y

Spongla;,,the great roup cure,' 150 doses, In Olobons.MMMETHODIST! Archbishop EPISCOPAL of Baltimore.011 UROB.BllboJ'ohn'P. Gardening in Florida
tablet form Free malL E. W '
,25 cents. by : t RMERf RV .Newman.PROTESTANT .' ,
Amaoen' ,Ormond, Fla. 6-H-lOt& =.. b: EPISCOPAL CHURCH,
Repair;your old family Bibles. Make them Right Rev.Leighton Coleman,8.T I)., L.L. ALL FOB $2.001
rood as new. Da'tosta Printing and Publishing D. Bishop of Delaware.
House,Jacksonville,Fla. CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH,Rev. Dr.H. Whitner's Gardening in Florida is a
Wanted-A live newspaperman to canvass M. MpCracken,Chancellor of the Universityof h andsomelyprinted and bound book of
New> York.
the city of !
the State for two leading publications. Apr Terms of Subscription: treatiseon
UNITARIAN CHURCH. Rev. Edward pages,being a comprehensive
ply to C. W. DACOSTA, DaCosta- Printing For one year ,.'....' ,..........,............$2 00 Everett Hale,the dlRtlngrnlshed author.EVANGELIOALLUTHKRAV 250 the vegetable and tropical products of
House,JacksonvilleHart's For six months '.0.. ... ........ ,....... 1 00 CHURCH, Florida Prof N. Whitner A. M.
TardlflT buds,$1 hundred"by mall, Semi by J. ,
per Prof.E.J. Wolff,of the Gettysburg
In all cash In
Subscriptions cases This book is much after for its
.,per thousand Special rates to large orders. nary. sought
Chap Pugsley, Manville.,Fla. 5-U-St vance. CONGREGATION AL CHURClf, Rev. J. practical information. .
FOB SALK300 Villa 'Franca lemon trees, Rates of Advertising on application. N.Whlton of the Trinity Church, New York $2.00 buys the book and our
:26 centeach. F.E..WellsBartow,Fla. 6-14-41 REMITTANCE should be made by Check, cIty.
BAPTISr CHURCH Robert 8. McArthur, paper for one year.
'Do you need stationery of any kindpaperpens and; Postal Note,Money Order,or Registered Let. D.D.,Pastor Calvary Baptist Church, New This is certainly a grand offer. Sendin
and Ink Bend to DaCosta Printing ter,to order of York city. .
Publishing House,JacksonVille,Fla. FLORIDA DISPATCH, AND FARMER Subscription price of paper 81 a year; three orders at once.
WAJTTXD.-Price 800 two-year buds and 300 months,containing these articles. 25 cents. C. W. DACOSTA ,
three-year seedlings. H. F. Dam Monroe AND FRUIT GROWER, Address,' THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
City,Mo. -6-I4-Ct Jacksonville, Fla. Washington, D. C. Jacksonville. Fla. ,

"HENRY' UIHLEIN, President. AUGUST UIHLEIN, Secretary. ALFRED UIHLEIN, Superintendent J



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\00, ,: :t P1LSENER, .
F' ; .

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'Schuss Beer is sold the World over and has a world-wide reputation for being the best; it Is warranted to be pure, whole ener. =

,... > _, ., ,'. 's
.' 'd ..= : -.J./. .:.. ":.and paldtafle.' and brewed from' the eflQWSt Hops and Barge.Malt. & :*&; .


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t i60. $60. BENTON & U'pSN.:


.. ,,-



t > ,Touch,Workmanship Durability .

.Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.
i New York, 148 Fifth Ave MACHINERY
817 Mai ket
Washington, Space.
...--.a.. 4 ,
DIRECT ,SALE'S.AT'1'B1'IOfr Six days'carliei that
variety ti- ted al tee
The N*.3 Cutaway,4-feet wide,at 113.30! cash with at Oi neva N. Y Color
i Order. J'uU.LOCk In warehouse. Send for circulars. # ir greenish' '*bite pulp
' a. 8. HUBBARD,State Agent. '(lender sweet and de A
.Federal Point,Fla llrlotu. The oulr nape STEAM -HORSE POWER.
: that ranks first both in
earliness and quality. :
Each: Tine sealed wlih
,JACKSONYIJIEYARBWCOIPANY cur plsierert trademark !
\ label bend for!
I rircutar.t Information. Agents wonted
: **!;*iuru.r
.. : ,,
1 xti v7Acrriaaa ofI


'Grave borders', and all : :'
./ : TYPEWRITER Write for Estimates.
b.a Manner,of Marble H : ,

and Granite Work. AND ,SUPPLIES.. ,V Sac JiQIlNAlIItENS':

Catalogues. and designs sent on
application. 525* West Bay Street, STEAM -:-BOTTLING -:-lVOltKSJ. /


;We also deal:In Wire,And. Iron Manufacturer of ...
,. Fencing. Poultry Netting. Farm Qr Soda ,Water,Sqraaparilla, GingerAle
and Lawn Fences, Gates,'Etc. F
Seltzer and
: .A SOHOOL1'ttin ; 1 r Syrups of
all Kinds.J99" .

vd ni Sole Agent for the P. W. Cook Brewing

: ; young men for the active duties of life. W M Co's PUsener Export Beer in pints and half-pints.
h the Legislature of Virginia, and
<:lorscd by the Chamber of Commerce,Council 72 EAST JiAY.STREET
s nd prominent thecity where located.J zcoI
'or catalogue,circulars and testimonials address Afaver<5r* Afulltr: Block, ;Jacksonville.
I.DUNSMOKS.: .President.Staunton.;Va.

25..)Laura St., Jacksonville, Fla. PROTECT YOUR GRAPES I CURE FITS =Rt l8 Y.(!'

merely to stop them
WITH Wh n-I-say coraJL do not mciu
for a time and then have them return ac&in. I mean a 44 West Forsyth Street,
Thoroughly protectthe radical car., I hare made the disease of FITS EPILEPST .
BOTANICAL DEPOT grape while study i
or FALLING SICKNESS a lifelong
t maturing and ,/ warrant JDJ'remedy to cure the worst oases. Because Jacksonville) Florida.
oenlng. Preoeitbtiahtjuid
tITEO..A.iMELTEB others hare failed is no reason for not now receiving a
: -
Agent, Grapes thus mildew 009 care Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle of We guarantee to do the finest work hi"t.he

WHOLESALE: DCAtXB Vt MOICWALlloots red ripen to tffectlM. trey Infallible remedy. Give Express and Post Office. State Northern work and Northern.'prices.
H.'G. ROOT. AI. C., 183 Pearl 84 N. V-
Work aont to us by express will receive
'Herbs : Made of specially
Barks and Berries.
prepared_matt prompt attention and be returned on short
Will pafBlf best Cub Priced For roof paper GEO. S. HACKER & SON notice. Country orders so1!1 cited. Write for

SlDstantaneoisAttachment laundry lUt. !-&3w

' Blue Flag,,Root;,or.Blue Lily'Butter9y' ; -MANUFACTUBKKS OFw -

:' Root; "Cemfrey\...Root;' Cotton Root' ear of hundr'7 wQ. E. W. SMITH & CO: .

Batk;- Dandelion Root; ; Deer: : Tongue; bunches can be covered In a few "n/n dei .c == ,
SOMERSET Kr., Sept.' 20. BflO() ,
Leaveff, ; .Dogwood.Bark j :'Ginseng i Root; They worked to ny entire satisfaction MAP PUBLISHERS
Easily put on, anti prevented mudew I {IJ g.
Oak Poke.Root Prickly
JentMlem. S.eed- ; wW want more next /ear. -
Ash"Bark 1: ;l ;,'i Prickly .Ash Berries; Rose' J M,RlCUaRDSO1rUTTCUW. : ANDMANUFACTUKERS.

Petals. (pale l ); Rose petals (red, ):;':Sampe The Protector+ I' regard A, (aa A..,very Oct. valutble.22, IR90 f 0 .

a!, .Root; Saw''Palmetto! Berries ; The ,srrapea covered are now 'n perfect ,.- t: Do all kinds of Map Work and keep
aU (I)
condition. Tho8¬ covered are gone
'Stiiliagia Root or Quee '. DelightSas-:; 1 shall want more next year. on hand a full supply of Maps, Atlases,
"taitiM UACKWORTH. .0 ,
$, Root Bark Watermelon ::Seed JT. r.
.l ; ; ,PRICES!5OO, $1.50; 1000.$2.50 Drawing Paper, Map Cases, Spring
Wild Cherry' Bark .'(thin virgin) ; ,Gray Special[.Discount for larger, qaantmea oQ
i : I
Sample 100 of Fifty Cent Map etc., etc. ,
JMeN; Black MOM.; PROTECTOR en '
0 *
GRAPE CO.. IrontJQ *
: Maps and plans engraved, printed, *
Write: her particulars of'
corlur, etc' Add
I drew;oftee, '90 Newnan :Si.;warehouse and And Building Material. colored, and mounted.l
PIANOSORGANS WANTED-Erei7 BooktNJ> Business Man and
alum; Coloord'i wharf Jacksonville, Fla.BzEAFNESS OHAKLESfOXf S. C. Beginner to know that the Key to, and Expositionof .
44'OOO 0 bookkeeping teaches at stabt and
teeters and expert. } pout-pain to any address onreceipt
or one dollar. :

,, '. .', Placed In SoUthern Homes rino 1870-TWent wars' :FOR .:MEN :ONLY! Nos. 17 and 19 S. SIXTH STRBJrJ.PHILADELPHIA.. .-',- .

ttxM(Mon DollarsandTwiytncreasin >> '
aoeemfnlbosinw oT PAILING
ITS .CAUSES AND CURE. *. Why f Because Instruments.. the Country bniii ta Oeneral and or NES7003 D QILI1 Vweakness
flooded with Cheap InleHor
I of Body and Kind Effectaf -
.S 4 attAeHy' treated by an aurlst'crUki'r TO ,SELL-NOT TO USE Srrors Excesses. ia Old or Y mn# F'FARMS! JI1 1. P/ILI AHD: Jr.. TRAOES
,>.".!.au OODhIiya..t.r.d. Urwt.r.t.rae.altmetareWrli Washington, w
:' p iBrMonj! d Deafneaa eradicated I and and the pobHa has found oat that C3DfWPEDOKYtNSartanovEeoT. sells and trades la:ads,property aud merchandise

''.flilraljr. .. eared,'of fimm 20 to 3)7eara*stand ng, WE.DON'T SELL THAT KIND .....eetlf'...., .......50.... nose.84 TBUT.ur-a.Hlt.,..,.,,.c.&rtft. "11 I..a lit.dry.rn .._ in Iowa, Missouri Arkansas, Nebraska, IBfcaois,
iaAaraU oilier treatments have fulled. How ,Our Xaatrements lead the world., Our Prfoa.LESS!! P Mrl tt.* ... .*Tnlca.U.B M< pr* ( .4))rrM Kansas,Texas, Florida.

the dlfiealty'ts' reached and, th cause:re: than factories, 'mat Terms***., Bariect.and vrR freight.'F&inst.ladaoemmta wens ERIE MEDICAL CO., BUFFALO,N.Y i

moved,fully explained In circular,with affidavits Write far nee GaUkxrnea.And Circulars cxplainincfuUj
and testlmonlajsof cure.trom proml- -*11 la plain print.. Eaey to boy from us.I The,Garrett: Picket &.Wire Fence MachineW..eatotbepostA. FRUIT I EVAPORATOR

BeaCpee l ,mailed free I ,UDDEN&BATEOSouthern .A onl- ,
III ,11I venal favorite.'lao..&:;." THC ZIMMERMAN
.mr..A.reNT_ .II\K. 19 g"st.Jflb Srt,..N. Y I :Music, House ''U In uaoe.ChlU'a. .c4.Fre.L' De Standard JlaeltlAe
Dis.reat sizes and prie i. ZUaitrst Cat&lOC'In.
BAVflNNAHCA.CONSUMPTION.. I! I I I'' ,imld.big Agents sAles. are 1aIacb1D reporting ,THE BLYJlY&JU.K8NWOIlUOO.t1.---to\0.

< Wire etc, at noleale .
1 i > direct from factory to '
: Farmers where J have ro ANSY PILLSI!
... : n agent. C&t&lop.frt'o. ACdress << .
'- the manufacturer, ,: ..
...0.... oM. t. W'tftI\.A\ a
Iha.aVositin'remody tar the shore disease;hilts :S., GARRETIV' MANSFIELD OHIO. Wa-a.1.ula c... lia.,1.For _
kind and ol lent
of the worst
of eases
TV JCWETT &DWIOHTCO: s thousand .
bees eared. Indeed so atroq 11 D11 facet -->- ---
MANUFACTURERS attawlict I wffl send TWO BOTTIJM nzzwttk: the protection of Cab ,
a. .'ta"' r.that talZ11nJ.a..wJaorilJ DESTROYER be, Sguajfa, llleum trc:'.
kit ? rtWPtN9y,$ pLR/oRM'EDTAU, s'U.A.BLB' TRIAD on WI ANESE.INSEGT in fact ail vegetation from
IN dm.tbairxpl$aa4 P.O.aHft& _. mall accepted.FrfaM].......c..,tI..1..,....

NIl, .1. $4 eam, IlL c., 181 Pearl *U, H.'Y. 'detract! Uateeu.: Contain:no poison. Price by Sc Stamps


"" .
', ... .. .. ._-____ ....1r .
: .3---
.' ...c .:\L; II .tr'H'o' '

I:! ,
;) .


,. '.. i
"; <..+ ;'
: "" .
; )

,,., ::'!" '., ,' FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER ,AND FRUIT-GROWER. '. [MAY 21,1891.


:} .

; (

.. Co &: 4 0 Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak t(1

88 OlJdelJce' -C:' '7' ''' ...,.. Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,

;<".,. I. ,. 80lieite \.J 8 B d-Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattan ,.
all Kinds and
:' II Goods Desks of
: 40 '
:JWE SELL !* IVO 42 W ,

; -
:'t:">% '

I LA. ,'
,Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and '

J Crockery_ Sets, Tin Toilet. Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets. i

Hotels,.BoardinpHouses, Shins, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom. ;:

..When writing,please mention tjiis paper. b


Jacksonville Florida.

' "r Dealers;. in and Manufacturers of High Grade Fertilizers.

A Orange Tree and Truck Fertilizers. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers.

,.' AU Grades of Fertilizer Materialson Hand at XjOTveMt; Market Prices.

"'f. .' .
;:;':yVe manufacture all our own goods at South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made from the best materials.We .

/ have recently purchased the factory and good will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co.,'at Orlando Fla.

\'',,, J. ALEX. LITTLE Secretary and Treasurer,

--- --- --- ---
':: Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.



How Lost! How Regained,

Augusta, Georgia.We /IiGE roF'

':. offer for Fall and winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental tree*, (IFEKNOTllYE
Rose,Palms,eta. salted to Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated,.. In Florida.
Also a superb stock of Evergreens,Camellias Greenhouse plants,etc.
F,', Oar products have been tested in Florida for thirty-three years past. Catalogues free.
,: No j%. :ests. Address,


ASctatiflcand Standard Popnltr Medical TwtlW
Y t.Y. oaths Srrors of Yoath, remators Decline,Nsrrois
SICKLY 2 NEW HIGH ARM. and Physical Debility Imparities of the Blood.
Style as shown in cut,with full

_[LOOKIIG (tHllDRlI[ I Io 1 f-lle- YoacangetmcwuuachlnesoxLYof and threading shuttle. I ,
,]Commissions manufacturers.of Save$26. Canvas Sent on I I EAST COAST POULTRY YARDS. I MISERIESResulting

nUee* SPASMS are inert likely troubled with trial. Warranted 6 years. Fourteen varieties of land and water fowls
MMUf C. nmd.B.A.FAHNESTOCK'SVERMIFUCE. CO-OFEIATIYE SEW1M sUCHffE CD.. I I from Folly Vice,Ignorance,Bxeessw orOYertaxauon
Indian Games, Imperial Pekln Enerrating and unfitting Ute victim
BacnMTeanlntiMuulneverfails... ObwrepwticoUH7t&ttb ., WapaiFreight. Philadelphia Basinets,the Married Social Relation.
- I II
Ducks, Bronze Turkeys.Poultry Avoid, unskillful pretenders. Possess this Brut
.,sw'at work. It contains MO pages,royal 8vo. Beautiful
of all kinds. Send
a postal
supplies binding,embossed: ,fall gilt. Price only Sloe by
Illustrated and
GRUB II [1ll1O1fl1IflfliJto card for new catalogue- mail,postpaid*concealed In plain wrapper. Jllaa.tratUe .
.. price Prospectus Free,if you Parker now. Tbtdlitlnuliuc4
MACHINE. Eggs to Hatch. author.,Wm. H. M.D., re-
erery man,young;middle-aged,' celred the GOLD A JEWELLED MEDAL'
f: E and old;pottage paid Address E. W. AM8DEN Onnond Fla. from the National! Medical AsMdatioK for
Works os. S.Du ontS81 Commbus .,Boston.HORT2CULTURAL .) .' this PRIZE E..MAY on NHRTOU8 and,
either STANDING, FHT8ICAL DBOIJ.dTY.Dr.Parkeuod acorps'
'M l of Assistant Phjtkiaas may be cossoHed eoefldentlaUr -
TIMBER oft POULTRY by mail or in person, at the oSe of
pull an or SUPPLIES. ? 3ffiSRSr No.4 Balflneh8U.Bo.ton.M....,to whom sa*
tin Grub ItWUT AM> HIT orders for books or letters for advice should be
t HORTICULTURAL.T tOILS And other np- dlrerted aa aborv
MAKES A pIieL Oar 8peMI tMD aD. &ia4
CLEANSWEEP **">... Bend ayo boar FREES Send iOa
gpxiaPoritry awl CIircaIu' to most
., ... .. complete, SEED CATALOGUE pabHala
w.Mass a My aM a AaMw.psraqli
Me heaq Ckal.e.r) rsdaM as..... Tb.anp.a a lIlY JOHNSON & STOKES, Trade Mark
urn tM am rev will pay tar tb.XftchlB. 1&will eDt1
Mtul wtrd to seed tar M niMtrucd Caulont. chta i SIT
... ...,, .. .
t.rrn sad \ & '.144Na dI. Wae.necnrere Will Make Hens Lay A
A "Grave1 Subject. will Make Chickens Growl
atalatw Jacksonville Marble Co. iai AKD GOOD FOB MOITLTUTO Fowxs. ,
"OSGOOD"f isle t the largest and most responsible I Ii This food is strictly fresh meat,carefully: BUGGIES HARNESS at'i PRICE
ana retail dealers in monut cooked,ground fine;seasoned and hennetK
U.S.StwOsrd and headstones in the United States, cally sealed Wb cans..Being ground fine,11 'B.J nlNd frees FACTORY .**e...MIDDIEKI'S,
SCALES wo always giving'satirf&ctlon. They n can be readily mixed with soft food,aadfcd Preflt.Ixle A TI.A".."..0.00 IHekerr LEATHER"{eeUWMTMtS TOP BOCCYJesal,t4A OI .
and works at 590 W. 20th street,I ow .. .
? Wan fSS.t e l x. S
to each fowl share. Prlo u OM .In.
so as give an equal
TIN tIW. p tt. Yo 25 Laura street, Jacksonville, I Ha Cart H.>0. A(..4'lIa.HJ'Z&:......54J1.U .
J ba Fla. and Orlando.Fla. and aiit 80 eta per can; 18 per doJ Address HOLUSDRBB8ED .
at points in the Southern Btofe*aades. MEAT A ,WOQL CO. :20.North ,, ,'8...BUGGY AND CART CO.,
ISNtll $N II IIbII ,N.Y cinolanaa, Ofeio.
west > Boston,Mass. f Memtloa paper.|

", -

u e. T" H .


... .. .

The Clyde Steamship Co. ,SAVANNAH LINE. .

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia .

New York, Charleston and Florida Lines. and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours.

l' The magnificent; Steamships 'of this tine are appointed Ocean Steamship Company.

'to sill ',as follow : .
From New York, From Jacksonville
(Ptera9E.: B.) STEAMER, FlorId. (Central or 90 Meridian Time)

FrIday, dar: 27tb, at3p."H. .".ALG\NQUIN.. Thursday, Apr. 2d. ai 10:30 A.M.Moaday .
Mar 39th. at 3 P. x... .CHERoKEE".. Sunday Apr. 6th.; at lro P. M.Wednesday Passage :
Apr. let, at 3 P. He...YEMASSEE.l.. Tuesday Apr. 7tb. at 2n: p.H.
Friday, Apr. 3d, at3P.x..SEMINOL&.Tbu.lday, Apr. 9th. at 4SOA.H. Between Jacksonville and New York: 1st class J25.60; Intermediate 19.00;Bzottnlon.fl&50
Monday. Apr. 6th, at3P.x..IROQUOIS" Sunday Apr. 12th, at 7:00A'.X. Steerage,112:(:)0. ,
Wednesday, Apr. 8th. at3P.x..ALGONQUIN" Tuesday, Apr. 14tb, at 8.00A.1L Jacksonville and Boston: ExcunJou.H1'SteerareJIU5>
'\ Friday, Apr. 10th, at 8 P.x...:;CHEROIE ".. Thursday, Apr. 16th, at 10:00 A. H.1 THE MAgrUleent Steamships Cablnll27.ooJIntermedlateI2J.OO or this Company are appointed; to sail as follows; :
.."YEMASSE!: .. at 1:3r1'
4' Monday Apr. J3th. at 3 P.H. "onday Apr. 19th. P. x.
Wednesday,Apr. 15th. atSP..SEMINOLE".Tnesday, Apr. 21.1., at 2.30P.M. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
FrIday, Apr. 17th. at 8 P. x. ."IROQUOIS" Thursday, 'Apr. 23d. at 4:00 A.M.
Monday Apr 20th: at3P.J(...! 'ALG NQUIN" Sunday, Apr. 26th, at 5:00A.X. [Central or 90 o Meridian Time.)
Wednesday, Apr 22d. at S P."CHEROKEE".. Tuesday Apr. 28th, at 7:00A H. KANSAS CITY Capt. Kempton ..... ........... .... .. Monday,Jane 1- L30pmCHATTAHOOCHEE.Capt.
Friday Apr 24th,. at3 P.X. .."YEM A8SEE" Thursday, Apr. SOtb, at 9:00 A. H. Daggett....... .......... ....Wednesday, II 3- 2UXa m
Monday Apr. 27th, at3P.H..u8EMINOLE". Sunday, lay 3d, at 12Noon. NACOOCHEECapUSmith .. ,. ........ ...... .... .... ......Friday, 6- 440am
Wednesay Apr. 29th. at3 P. H._ ..'l QUOS":. Tuesday, May 5th, at 2 P. H. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Bare ...... ... .. ...........Saturday, *. 6600 pm
CITY OF AUGUSTA. Capt. Catherine ...... ....._. ....... .Monday, 87.00pm
TALLAHASSEE.Capt. Fisher..................................Wednesday. 10830 a m
St Johns River Line. KANSABCITY.J.Capt..Kempton....... ..... ....._ ...... .. Friday 12- 10.00am
CHATTAHOOCHEE. Capt. Dagftett...........,'...............Saturday, 13- ll.Ouam
NACOOCHEE rapt.8miio...........-..._........ ......*............Monday lc.12 S)D m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg ..... ... ............Wednesday, 17- aCOpm
For Stanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St. CITY OF AUGUSTA, apt.Catharine ....... ..... ............. Friday, .. 19- 4.00pm
TALLAH SSEE.Capt'F1aher.. ...:_...w-..;-................Saturday, M 30- 4.30p m
Johns River. KANSAS CITY Capt. Kempton ........ .... ........... Monday. SB- ft.w.p mOHATTAHOOCIIEECapt '
Daggett.*.... .............._. ....Wednesday, ". 24- 703am
8lde-WbeelSteamera NACOOOHEE,' Capt Hmitn ................. ... ...... ..._.? .Friday, 26- 9.00am
The Elegant Iron CITY OF BIRMINGHAM Capt. Berg.._.. ........ .. Saturday 27- OOOa m
:..6&OI-r. : : OF .A.OBSOVJLLe: E::," CITY OF AU OUST. ., Capt Catharine.................. .......Monday., V 12.00m

,',.., Capt. '"fa" A. SHAW, FOR BOSTON.

Des.ABz- GATE CITY, Capt.Doane................. ...........,..... .... Thursday. June 4- 4.00pm
FeEC: : ::: CITY OF'ACON, Capt.Lewis.................... _...........Thursday, M- 9.Wam
'Oapt'T. W.LUND Jr.Are GATE CITY,Ca: t. Doane.. ......__...._........ ....-_....Thursday, 18- 3.00pm
.. CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis__.. ...................... ...Thursday, 2S- 8.00am
appointed to sail from Jacksonrllle,dally except Saturday at 3:30 p.m.,and from
Sanford,'dally,except Sunday,at 9 a. m. FOB prrrr.AHTCT.pwTA

(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) .

SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE. NORTHBOUND.. DES'SOUG.Capt. Asklns.........MM............. .... .............:Thursday,June 43 81 p x&
Leave Read 830P.Down.M.......Jacksonville ,..........Arrive Read 1145p.Up. DESSOUG,CapU Asking .... ............... ..._.-....._* unday, M. 14. 1130am
9 AWWP. M...,; ...-.. o..... _.,...; .Pal Ucaii: t .JhV; :>*..i'i'' .':::!:llrrr;;Leave 7OO'p'X. DESSOUG, Capt.Alktna .:.::...-.\\;: :.2.; ;:.".' ..--.r: :........Thursday! ""248.80p in
1:80 A.: .,.Astor. M 2:00 PM.
*. 2:46A.M.................... St. Francis.. 12:45 p. M. THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
500; A..M.. v.Beresford ... 11:45: A. M. ..onnectlngwltb the Savannah.'Florida and Western Railway(Waycrois Short!: Linn\ ; oTuf,
6eOA.M.......". Blue Springs .. 11:00&. M.' to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other slurs.Through '
Arrive 8:00 A.M.................'. .'.Sanford.... .. 9:00 A. M. Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to principal points North East aud North. lt.
M 9:15A.M..,.Enterprise.......... ...,.......H' ". 9:80 A..M. via Savannah. For Information and rooms apply
,Also Steamer EVERGLADE: (freight only) from Jacksonville for Sanford Mondays. andThursdays J. P. BECKWITH General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN. Soliciting Agent
at 6 P.M. Returning,leave Sanford Wednesdays and Saturdays at 6 A.:M. 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street Jacksonville.R. .
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay Street.F New. Pier No.85 North River New York. City Excha '. (.3 ivaiaii, Q..
M.'IRONMONGER, Jr., Fla. Pass.Agent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla. R CIIARDSON'& BARNARD. Agents .Lewla' Wharf, Boston
W. 1. JAMES Agent.13 S.Third Street,Philadelphia.J.
W. F.Bat KN FAY Traveling Passenger Agent,88 West Bay St., Jacksonville;Fla. D. HASHAGEN Eastern Agent. Sav.. Fla.& Western Rf.Co,2U Btl>>ivv4Y. N. Y.
J. O. PELOT, Frt. Acton wharf,foot Hogan 8L,Jacksonville,Fla. 0 M. SORREL Gen.).lana r. W. E.ARNOLD,Gen.TMV.. Ajt.Jac esoavllle, Fla.i
Laura Rt.. For Tickets apply to S F. &; W. Railway once.ESTABLISHED. :' .
\ L. HOWARD, Fla.. Frt. Agent toot ,Jacksonville, Fla
J. A. LESLIE Supt. foot Laura St.,Jacksonville,Fla
,MARSHAL B. CLYDE Asst.Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. 1875 .
A THEe. O..EGEB,Tr&mcrf ,5 Bowling Green,N.Y. "

WM.. P. CLYDE & CO., ..Gen Agents,

it 8.mtk) Wkan-.t.PI111adelp..... 5 Bowling. ,Green, H. T. -W JT: .lUA'IVr: : : L. Bot7I1J.. :, ]


Williams & Clark Fertilizer Co. '
Grain Garden Seeds and. Fertilizers:



I Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds St., Auonsta, Ga.C. ,


'Hay Corn Oats Flour BranWheat Grits Meal
Afaericus Orange Tree Fertilizer, ,

t. Americus Orange Tree, No. 2, COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. .

Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate, _

Pure Bone Meal. Americus Bone and Potash
;: Americus Strawberry FertilizerAmericus J." E. Tygcrt A Ce.' A

Bhate of Potash SODA.
Star Brand Fertilizers AMprKfTTOTAT1
:, % Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. | ?


llxrxBXttCXfl: C. F. Winton Mandarin Fku: Dr. H. Knight, Bellevlew,Fla.; M. E. Orange Tree and Vegetable ,'
WHefi,O>j(rmont. Fla.; M.Y.Godfrey.. Mlnngola, Fla.+ .'_?___--* Ce.AteguateM: FEKTILIZEB. A EAINIT. Bra
lees aWn'eepoadece to WILLIAMS & CLARK *
: ba. These Fertilizer. have no superior In the market and a trial will convince. ( '

,& .A.-V-.E: "5r OUE=L MAN' !x it"' x O. t & O'Jeta1 sad BmU DWtn ia Noritga<< :kad. .
:.l .L: 10 l ., Do.tltle'

'iy':.Hi :Hi. 'll.iJfIIMI J i.uati: (,l.1. ftfiJ, }: "CULTURATOR"'"VEGBTXTOfc"Fert&iMn : 'WINES, LIQUORS, CIGARS, ETC.J .

'.....,we for Ye I'I"JIII'r.K'' .'Ara ....7" .. aido: "tr t ar
tIenIa t irtLwlt .. i ' :$E iM; aibld
< ,.t- ,lMi h .*.<.>.* "ii-T" v -* v ,' taAfeatft* te : llriri J. "try

W. ,: posed..r141'i. 'Poaah.. :'v) DoJRiBlOB bite 1Sk5 I4Pt4$1I*x g Seer.Mash 18'5.'
"" tI }taM.,. ....
V 'fr"t'it Wee't' tk ottvic P1a: '
'law Office and Warehouse,* $ Nrjr ,
ohs .
est.t'eaae ..#_


;. ... *, ? ..' ..>...,....,4 ... ..L ::4' -.7.f _...'...".,.. .';.."iC--.... .. : :. :" .. ".-

.. '. '", -" ." ,'" ... L !""
,1 ,.:


,.,. ,... ..,, ,.._.., ", ._ W. \: : T i' ;
"t.. ;0- ; '
,. .r'y < .' ..! ....: :
*f- *


., _
s ..

.Blood-g" ,and :Bone_ Ohic Meal, '

.-, ,:!Pure. !Fine Ground t Bone, t Dark and Bright Cotton Seqd Meal,
I ', t' Animal: :Bone ,and Potash, Tobacco Stems, / *

: : Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes?" .

fr. :V, ; Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulphate of JPotasK, &<1

'. -"!: {;Fruit: : 'an.d.Vln..e.: Elear1.n.&rrrees.. I'

'_ arrange Tree :oocl, Young Tree 'I

} 'Vegeta'ble and: Potato: G-rovve

: ?

., ;

) .
,',' : .
.0' "' ," ,', :
'" '
'< : '' S r
A Special, Complete. Manure. 0


For Orange Trees, Young .and:',Old, Frnit Trees, and Small Fruits

,Producing a Healthy, Vigorous Growth and Bright, Firm Fruit
"M .. That Holds"on:Until it is Picked. *



Rolentlflc research,verified by practical experiment, have enabled,us to determine the
mdkt suitable form of plant food to produce not. only sweet fruit(the most salable.;,but.also
We claim that our ORANGE GROWER returns to the"noil in suitable form ando proper f
: time those 'constituents which fruits abstract,and will give larger yield by
a vigorous! condition of the entire plant.. Our ORANGE GHO WKK:. ,supplies the require
FERTILIZERSBLUTB1T.THE I elements of plant food and in suitable forms. -
Experience has proven that Potash is best adapted to the orange tree,and our ORANGE
GROWER contantalns the largest amount,principally in the.form of sulphate. The Bone
used is more quickly available than the raw bone, being b carefully dissolved, hence more
( in readily taken by the roots of the tree. Many failures are reeotded with the bone,and wa are
BEST. Never Varies. 29 years'actual test the Field them to be
,Quality proves' led to relieve that the soil of F orlda has not the power to dissolve bone and make plant
unequalled ferraltlRglargt crops. The purity of the component materials and the scientific accuracy food of it,which heavier soil possesses. We have aimed to put It In the right form to yield
with which they are combined make Bradley's Fertilizers the most perfect well as the most up its plant food gradually through the season. '
It is an unquestionable fact,admitted by all that the growth of an orange tree is the
ecoaemkal plant-food the ora-age or vegetable can use. Send for beautifully illustratedBMDLEY
grower labor of many years and we can not afford to wait a whole season for the bone to be rendered
p6.pW eL lolu :e. On the other sand the trees should not be forced by stimulants, ,like fish,guano,
cottonseed meal which,being rich in ammonia,are conseqnent'y too forcing. Experiencehas
FERTILIZER .C.Oj: 27 Kilby St Boston j AUGUSTAgGA.AGRICULTURAL : further demonstrated the wisdom of frequent applications of fertilizers,especially on
,, l lighter should or three times a year in January Pehiuary March and in June and
July. It scattered broadcast around the trees a little way from the trunk and as ?
far out as the branches extend and should be worked lightly In the lOlL About one-half s
T.QJJ:N OF pound should be applied to young trees when first set out,working thoroughly Into the soil,
that it may not come in contact with the tender roots. Another half-pound should be seat
McINTOSH' Marion tend around the tree after it is ret out on the surface and raked In. .
CountyFlorida.Located Older trees; should be treated as follows: Two pounds for second yearthree pe&ad for
third year.lncrtadng the qunntity a pound a year entli the tree is ten yean oM.. A fall
on Orange Lake, the home:of I the'.native,orange. Rich high hammock'lands. bearing grove should have from 1,200 to 2.000 pounds per acre
Send for pamphlet and price,and all other information to
ding seventy-five feet above the lake level. Flourishing orange groves. Prominent veg-
A. M. BOND, General Agent,
etable watered. Natural Railroad, office
shipping point. Well drainage. telegraph post
and school facilities. Universally pronounced one of the very best locations in the State. BOWKER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville Fla. >,
An inspection will satisfy the most critical., Inquiries may be addressed to


'1" .I. I' Milwaukee-Florida[ Orange Co. ,

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties,of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood '
BICYCLES.I for sale at all times. n

: Our stock Is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. For

,,.- Catalogue and Price-List,addzess, .*.

.". A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.

J" '; : > : d. :E. POORMAN, Agent, JOHN CLARK, SON & CO. ,

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'-' X -, Cincinnati, Ohio;',

:., "': *, f,},"'<...,.'Ii :Catalogue. Free., Agents Wanted. "? ,
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).' "%.. DEALEBS IN-

''oiar:: IvvsTME1zv': :"Bay, Grain, finis, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, tc. Jr

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I., JACKSONVILLE, PLA. -..,-......' t.
:Building and_ Loan Association! 'T', ", .

And Own Home. Parker.' ...'_ ..1 .___tl.Tff J. HI ytla Kyeil :._.__'3.GO
a- Orange Valley...:..___ 2.00 Virginia Glades............_
: fIr -* / R rl.I'T.lle7-.;_._. 2.50. t arboB.Hoatrose ____
North Carol laa CorD...., ._ 2 AO _Boar aa.k_
:; Kentucky
Tire tit of thisbcl UO .have never been squalled tn..F1 rlda'. It offers terms: thatsbeul4 Clifton>l Club......_---:...___.:.?...;. Uld: lJak.r.--, __ ...:.. 6,00
eMfeto every man to,instead of paying rent to a landlord, have some cum pay for Telret... ,_.....___$6.00. -
.1Da -. ', l .. .,
.use property fe\r years;'Itq&en best term Jo; <- : ..-- .s:1 '.: i"4' ,_
.. uV IIT.A... METGAGE. .J't1tS extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 500., 3 gallon 75c. BomH> by pert office,
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; 14 : C.
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot.ship 0.D.te dry towas,
.:'WfHe.lerpMUealurs, ,,to the bo named_ Association ;< ,-, % : 4.;: '
5 Everett Block, Jacksonville, Fla. j;., ." $' Clark* Son & Oo.

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