Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
April 30, 1891
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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DA.OOftA.'aPOWEB8 Proprietor .'- "i Jacksonville, Fla.* Tkurgday, April 3D, 1891 Whole No. zz6i [Vol.f KW Ill SERIES, Ho 18.



One and one-half miles from Peru, GROTK AND BCIUJU-Florida'.Fruit and Truck; A Cheerful Orange Grower; horticulture In SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY.

'half mile from Alafla river. 110 bearing trees the North; "The Story of Injustice"; . '. . 343 Oranges,Lemons, Pineapples, and all other
In first-das :condition, )5 to 18 years old. The Peach Rate Prohibitory; The Fertilizer Muddle; Polk County Notes; Interesting Notes Fruits and early truck, also, dried fruit. ;

Good water, healthy locality. Tract contain- from the Bahamas; . .. .. 344 nuts All, furs consignments,etc. promptly remitted for;

,:Inc 7J acres. Address, P. M., Peru. Pla. THK.VCCETARD-Girdling Grape-Tines; Grapes Fourteen Months from Plan ting;Wine-making Stencils and market reports furnished free.
In Leon County; .. .. .. .. r. .345: References: Bradstreets,, and establishes
merchants ard: banks of the South. .
& RIPLEY FAKMXB AKD TBUCKEB-Rice and Rice Products; Draws or Vine?? Calomel as an Insecticide; -
.BLAKE T b&CCOCU1ttire; '. ." t ',. .:.. : a46 LEMONS.

'- AGENTS : :;:1 '. ,A Cheap Corn Crop; . '. ... . .. 347 FLORIDA _

y FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, POULTRY Mysterious Ailment; .. .347 Parties expecting to have a crop of Strictly
ITOIWr-PubUcaUona Received;Notes; Ostrich Farming in Florida; Hard Rates for Vegetable Fancy Florida Lemons will find it to their'advantage -
57 ,CHATHAM.' ST.., BOSTON. Growers.; Fine Work In Fertilizing; Laws and Lawmakers; . .243 to correspond with us before selling.
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished Markets for Florida Produce; Questions and Replies .. . 249GARDKH B. MAXF1ELD & CO.,

oa application. AND LAWS-The Lombardy Poplar; Bermuda Grass on Alkali Soils; Bug Hunters; The 75-77 Park Place

Citron;. .' '. ".. '. .. .. 350' New York.
Reference-Chatham National Bank, N. Y.;
G.W.BAm'I'HBTABLB3SED: BABHETT Ova RURAL HOME-Companionship Healthful; How Bow Legs are Made; Better, Try Housekeeping Jas. A. Harris, Citra, Fla.
; Bee Stings Rheumatism; How to Hake Tea; House-Cleaning Hints; Easy Bread
.q Making;,Pineapple Pudding; ". .. '. .. ,. .. 351 SAITTA, SON & CO.,

BARNETT BROS._ TIm FAEKEHS ALLIANCE-Daniel Webster on Currency; True Alliance Character;,The Stay-at- I JAS. IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION J
AGENTS Home Club; "No:Time to Read"; .' '. .. 352 .
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. A Came of Hard Times; Ideas from the Halifax; . 353 MERCHANTS.
and Missouri
States Senator Allen Landorism In Kansas The Kind of
The Eagle Screams For United ; ; 300 Leaden
melon received
cars yearly.
Wtataile Oemmiariea, Fruits and Yegttablei.frompt Man; Don't Be'Afraid of Work; The Boy for You; . . .354 In Bananas-'and!Florida Oranges. Consign
retsras. Steacfls on application. How to Court a Wife j Cultivating Cotton: . . 355 meats solicited. Quickest and best returns.
159 Bouth water Street Chicago. References: Whole fruit trade, .Maaonlo
Bank and Co. Exchange Bank. .
Pittsburgh; Pa.,926 to 934 Liberty aV8 Ue.
J. BEACH & SON., New York, N. Y., 88 Park Place and 2GB
Philadelphia, Pa., Jas. Saitta, U and IS
PALATKA, FLA.? Dock street.

',w Trees and Plants of all}kinds suited to this Kills Melon Bugs, Cucumber Bags, Tomato Bugs and Worms, Potato Bugs CabbageWorms ESTABLISHED 187*.
eUmaie. trees Cut Worms: Rose Bugs and..all other Bugs, Lice, eta, destructive to vegetables,
Camphor a specialty. Also plants and shrubbery. 'Jive-pound boxes,25 cents each, F. O. B. M. BURROWS & CO.,

Japan moss. Chestnuts, Pecans and.Jap Perslm- H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Interlachen, Fla., R. FRUIT COMMISSION MERCHAN:1'SForthe :

Seedsmen and Florists. State Agents. sale of Oranges,Lemons and Bananas,

J No.268 South Front> Street.PHILADELPHIA.. ; Ample storage and refrigerators. Car
:. ., PROF.. N. A. PRATT, *. Consulting Chemist and Mining Engineer. respondence solicited. Stencils furnished.:
G. L. PRATT .- Assistant Chemist. Beferancet-Mercantlla National Bank: Wm. M
wards A;Co., Wholesale ; It Co.,
COMMISSION ?\MERCHANTS. Wholesale Boots and Shoes; Brads and B.G
Geological Mining and Chemical l Bureau. Dun ft Co.'* Mercantile Agencies; "Onto Farmer* .
= s Southern FruiY'and Vegetables Specialties. Cenland.AHI .
Reference*-Dr._ H. Rldgeljr President Farmers

vme. a eyraa,: Johnson,Dell ft Florida; Stokes Fertilizer Eeed Merchannts Co., Galnes-,211Karket MARIETTA STS., ATLANTA, Gi. YOU BEE MAN !IA
8tM Palladelphla: Col. J. De V. Hazzard. Chemical Analysis in all its Branches. Geological Mining and ,
19aeta! ,Fla. John Mullins
;Haj. ,Norfolk Va. ProduceNaeeal
Bank Philadelphia; Technical Advice.. Phosphates and Fertilizers a Specialty. Postal Will Get You
Siencfls farntfthed. when requested.. Returns.madeon
of sale.
yei FALL AND WINTER SEASON 1890 AND 1891.K. Bee Keeping in Dixie.
W .T. PAINE. J. OVERTON PAINE. 60 Pages of Pictures and Printing and Prices.

JENKINS & PARKER, Wetumpka, Ala.
a; No:616 Liberty Ave., THE ,PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY, 3.5-9t
4 Commission Merchants,.Dealers in Foreign
and Domestic Fruits" Oranges in car lots aspecialty. JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA. : Day Line--St. Johns River
Coas4gnments and correspondence solicited Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the'P. C.& P. R. R, Except Sunday. ..
Reference, German National Bank. St.Johns River East Jacksonville.
\ STB. ELIZA HAlfcocJC' leaves Jacksonville, .
A foot Main St.,at 2 p.m.for Hibernia,Magnolia,
'L w. SHERMAN & CO.;, Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. Green Cove Spring, Picolata, Federal Point,

% BOSTON, Orange Mills and Palatka. Leaves PakUka

4 RECEIVERS OF FLORIDA FRUITS. Wholesale dealers In and importers of all kinds of Agricultural Cnemlcals. 7 L m., connects at Green Cove Spring for

':References: Dr.Henry Foster,Oviedoj! Send us your name and we will mall you from time to time much general Information Melrose and Santa Fe.Arrives at Jack senvills
F. Whltner, Fort Reed, Fla,; First regarding successful orange and vegetable culture in Florida. 12:30,p. m.,assuring early connections fortes
Bank, Sanford; Fla:; &P. SUgh North and West. E.V.H.POST, Gtea.Agt. ,
ke Fla. J. W Roberts, Orange
ms ; On Board.
:Dr. L. L. Newsom,Crescent City, E. W. EBBXTTS,
. b National Bank, Boston; H. The Finest. Recommendation to be Obtained in the State. Florida Experiment Station. Jas.P 100 W. Bay St. 1/ ,
Bo&to DePass, Director.
t LAKE CITY, FLA., Oct.29,1890. gr Very choice Niagara grape roots.
MXSSBS. E.T. PAINE: k SON. Dear Sirs-I have used your"Orange Tree Food"on my ,0Q0
Free introduce this grove for two year are growing very finely. It is an excellent DsFASSndTAMPA I Niagara
Flowers bright, handsome can recommend U mott hghtrees Yours truly, JAS. F rnn 000 Five-bud cuttings of
for sale cheap.
illustrated grape
m__thly,priM M cents per year into the home MESSBS.E.T.PAINE&SON. Gentlemen am so far satisfied with, the results obtainedby Both from old bearing vines,well matured+ I
everyone.who. IQVOS flowers,who has agareeorwbo the use of,your "Orange Food" Fertilizer, of which I used over 60 toss the past season. wood and warranted true to name. .
k ees poultry, we offer a three of this brand shows that it i
My fruit is very 11rm-and heavy. Five years use produces very desirable homesteads
meBtka trial sS eription and a packet.,ofaee4s I can locate a few
} market under conditions in excellent -
a thin ton h.akinned fruit,which carries average '
:=. -=: ,over 880 kinds,for, only 10 shape. Not one"bad order"report did I receive the past season. The wood growth in South Florida -
%k obtained by the use of your fertilizer. is not as great as by some others, but is HEALTHY and O. I. PAGE, >iv,:
.4-2-f.Bto WBSTERN Des Moines GARDEN, Iowa., CERTAIN.' Yours truly, J. }I. W ATBOt18. 1.39Aabnrudale,Pock Oe., Ftft.

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p Sure death to the Red Spider, Rust Mite and Scale

Insect. Has no Caustic Soda, Saltpeter, Potash or

'' other caustic substance in its composition, and will

not, injure trees, plants or fruit.



Jfi Great Variety at Manufacturer's' Prices.

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." _ro : E.BEAN
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_Waycross Railroad ,{Wharf-: -:. .. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA;

'-' ", ::,: ':' :_ ;:SULPHUR: SOLUTION ., 0 ;.

:' Is the most effective ,compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and

is a sovereign.,-remedy'for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants., Being free from all substancesof

a caustic, corrosive ,or poisonous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the pen on, and applied

to'the' 'trees ,at ,any stage of growth without in ury.

This: ,insecticide has been used by some of the the largest orange growers in the State during, the

past? ,year, and has given ,perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.

,For, ,Red Spiderand: ,Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application., '. '


\ .'1, 'In barrels and half barrels. If there is no ,agent inyour vicinity, write for price delivered. >

<, / "',.Manufactured by McMASTER & MILLER, :

'4 '. San Mateo ,and 1'ltra, Fla.


) .
\_ -The ;EP1or1'da :J:> ::1 :pa-tob.: : 130.0With : -

the Magnificent Connections.

The Great.Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant- s.' 8. Line between. Havana,Key West and Tampa,and South Florida Railway between. Tampa and Sanford,a,F.A
tweeD Jacksonville,Gainesville,Balnbridee, River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between. Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
York;and Merchants and Miner Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points In Florida and all
points North and Northwest. Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections:
Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double dally fast freight paints from all points'North and West.via Gainesville eSavannah. =
Jesu p and Savannah to all In Florida;fast freight trains bothTla ,Jack
Daily fast. freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonv:ille,Callahan and Live Oak.
Coast Including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Cccan Steamship Company,sailing from
>ProTkl-enoe.a&d points; New YorkSaturday. (New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Filday,and
Tour connections a week for New" York via Ocean.,Steamship Company,leaving Savannah '
and Savannah steamers will leave Boston April A
The Boston Steamship Company's
and Saturdays.
Mondays, Wednesdays Fridays Savannah direct, connection the dock at Savannah wlth.tariPa1T
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants and Mlnera'TranJportaUonCom16,Z1and 80 for making on
freight trains for s 11 points In Florida.
Connections:leav-ing for Savannah Boston.every via Boston Wednesday and Savannah and Saturday.Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia Mar. 10, 20 and 30,
five from falling day via New York to Savannah.
every days regular
8,IS 28,and 80.
Ap-tll2. ; From Baltimore via Merchant and Miners Transportation Co., Tuesday and
Philadelphia ten, via Ocean Steamship Company leaving every
Connections for days .
every <
Savannah April,15 and 26.) 0 Friday, making close connection with 8.,F.A W.Ry.for all points In Florida
Sailing.days for Steamships are subject to,change without notice. '
' The Florida Dispatch Line In the quickest and best freight route from all points: North,Eait and West to Florida. For full particular,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply toay
.. WM.P.HARDEE,Oen'l Freight gent,Savannah,Ga.a .
agent of the above lines,or to
D.OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga F.B.PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W.M.DAVIDSON, Genl Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fla.
J.A.SPOTTSWOOD,TraY.Agt.,Oatnel1111e;:F1a. J.P.JORDAN,TraY.A&ent,Qulncy.' J.E.DRATTON' ,Trav. Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.BTXPHXVS' ,Agent# ,Jacksonville. ,
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Eustis, Lake County, Fla., "S(
I;;. Made Expressly for the FRUIT AND TRUCK GROWERS OF FLORIDA., :
Offer for sale for Immediate planting \.
o -:'-Manufactured by the- .. ',,.,
'L.::1"" B. Darlteg Fertilizer Craipuy, FawiHcket, B. I. A FINE STOCK OF ORANGE AND LEMON 'TREES

Southern Offices and Warehouses,JACKSONVILLE, FLA. One ana two year buds;choicest. varieties,all grown on pine land.
) W. ,H. ,MACOMBEB, General_ Sales Agent, Bostwick Building. My Nurseries were entirely uninjured by'the March freeze.' Plant DOW daring' the rainy
season. Write ro.peeJal'prl j''. ::
Oar Fertilisers have given,Universal Satisfaction the past season. Send for Catalogue, ?
a tlftB.c> prices,and testimonials from some the, leading growers.. ',,< '"-.- ';7' ,I
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i f C rr o ile and 'Orchard. bara, and oranges. from everywhere." i all the successful things that can be season. ,In 1885 ten counties in Western -
They are indeed, and should ,be, done in Florida, the FARMER AND New York, the combined area of

1 Florida's .Fruit and Truck. happy up there. No such displaywas I FRUIT GROWER and the Agriculturist which is not,equal to one of the large
-' The agricultural statistics for; the ever seen before asthose hustlers I will be brim full of good things for us California counties, shipped 6,850,000
; ;, from the Golden Gate'have set up in i all. There is no doubt about it.._ But barrels of apples, counting 150 barrelsto
year collected the
: 1889,and tabulated by Commissioner CountyAssessors Chicago. "More than four thousand i ivi do not bring any',calamity wails there. the car. This gives 45,666 car loads.
by' ited" the wonderful scene on ,April I Life is too short, itis too real, thereare The strawberries, raspberries, black-
L,-.B. Wombwell in his
,afford several reportto '15th, and tin ,a special train on the' too many blessed things about it berries, currants, peaches, pears,
of the.Legislature interest The, Commissioner points 16th one of those bad railroads to be wailing. X know you think so. plums, quinces, grapes, etc., and the
; says brought "over one thousand visitors" Ho!' for Interlacheh. CITRUS.Hortioulture apples used at home would double
There are, of course, many .inaccuracies from little South Bend, Ind. Fridaysaw peg the above amount Thus we have in
in these statistics, though in the North.A .
an equal number from Terre this comparatively small area many
they:are" rather; under than over the Haute. On ,Saturday the crowd"was communication on this subject times exceeding Mr. De Young's
facts. We havereduced carloads
to limited to the mystic, four hundred"to lately appeared in the Prairie:Farmer, boasted estimate, and we, have men-:
the. ;product of fruit and ,vegetables, ,the most prominent gentlewomenin in answer to the exaggerated claimsof tioned nothing about the enormous 4!
allowing for carload boxes of
a 300. town," and "souvenirs of fruit weredistributed. the California Commissioner. We peach crop of Maryland, New'ersey, '
oranges, 400 cratesof vegetables, 225 ." append the following extract from it, Delaware, Southern Illinois, Michiganand
crates of barrels strawberries., 240 barrel tes "No' speech making was indulgedin" not because we wish to antagonize the Southern States, or the grapes
and .
,150; : at the wonderful display, "but California at all, but simply for the grown in the vicinity of the small us ,the,following figures: '" information which it contains
'actions louder than words, in the : lakes in Central New York and the
Oranges 8,882 carloads, pineapples way of sampling choice brandies and There are in the United States east States bordering our large lakes, and
89 carloads, bananas,, ,80"", lemons 61, wines port, sherry and angelica made of Kansas City and Omaha, 7,620 the other States east of the Rocky
pears. 132, ,peaches 820, strawberries up for the lost oratorical opportunity." florist and nursery,firms whose aver- Mountains. The Illinois Central
\ 136, limes'' 26, grape fruit 61, figs 15; The great sea of golden fruit so filled age sales may be assumed at$6,000 per railroad alone brings to Chicago more
plums 61, Irish potatoes',136; beets 7, the eye that the ear could :not be annum, _making total sales $45,720- than 5,000 car loads of fresh fruits,
cabbage 614, tomatoes 1,2S7-squash attuned to listen. The palate, must 000; California has (her own: figures) and a few counties,along the western
4.8, egg ,plant 28, ',cucumbers 164, taste and enjoy that "which maketh 272 florist> and nursery firms and upon shore of Lake Michigan furnish an
beans 21 i, watermelons 1,491, Englishpeas the heart glad," and "the bonny'brae the same assumption as above, her, equal amount. .
ii. ?. lemon" was interesting too' in this total sales from these products amountto P.4
; This l givesa o,369' carloads' of, fruit" connection. Small room, on such occasions $1,632,000. This estimate is The, Story of Injustice."
.and 3,967 carloads of vegetables ;j' a for despair. I wish J ,could greatly favoring California, as the sales Editor Farmer: and Fruit-Grower
grand total of 14,336 carloads. Cauliflower of few of the nurseries in In for 16th is
go, but my oranges are not all shipped, a largest your'paper an
lettuce, onions?and turnips are and,the price is too 'good to lose any the vicinity of Rochester, N. Y., aggregate article clipped from the Agriculturist,
not .mentioned, ; they would have of them now. as much as one-third of all entitled "The Story of Injustice,
.. added,several carloads., There is another lamentation too, the firms in California. A large number California a Government Pet. The
Of,the fruits, nearly all the peaches, Mr. Editor, up in Kansas City that of the so-called nurserymen in injustice is stated as being a duty on
perhaps a quarter of the pears and avery has interested me the last few days. that, State grow only a few trees be- plums, prunes, raisins, dates, currants
small percentage ,of the citrus Corn there "70 cents a bushel" and tween the orchard, rows. etc., averaging 30.09 percent,
fruits were consumed within the State. farmers wailing and going "sockless." Each of the (following States has while the duty on citrus fruits averages -
Of the vegetables, nearly. all ''wereshipped I have been wading through oratoryas more florist and nursery firms than only 20.59 per cent., The writer
out of the State, for even in it flowed so easily there, devisingmeans California : Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts asks why this ,discrimination against
the case of Irish, potatoes and caD- New Florida in favor of California and
for the relief of us poor fellows New Jersey York, ,
bages, they are sent.away because, of who toil. Yet the gist of the story is Ohio and Pennsylvania. For instance seems to be unable to answer the q ues.
their' early' and perishable characterand all one way; on one note only do each of the States having tion.I .
others are brought, in from the they seem to agree. "Grain brings double the' number of firms.are Illinois will suggest an answer, and will
North later on replace"them. about twice the usual price; "Govern- Massachusetts, New Jersey, be glad if any one will show whereinit
-.Itis: ,safe,to say that, .of the above ment must change its policy," and New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania. is incorrect. From the reports of
grand total of 14,336 carloads, 12,000 "give us wider markets." It is not Ohio has three times as many and the proceedings in the committees and
carloads were shipped out of the State, times firms. houses of it that
worth the candle to reason abouta New York four as many Congress appears
- mostly to the North. This was ,in convention of calamity wailers In 1889 the net proceeds from the there is a contest upon nearly every
Y 1889. In 1890 California claims to this of the United 'States article which is
year. What puzzles me, Mr. truck gardens upon a duty placed or
have. shipped 5,250 carloads of fresh Editor, is how ,these fellows east of the Rocky Mountains, shippedin admitted free by interested parties,
fruits to the Eastern markets. Of get time! to go so often, and various ways, amounted to over one side wishing to raise the duty and _
course,, her exports vegetables were : so far, and where they get the money $70,000,000 (United States census the other using every means to reduce
trifling scarcely ,anything, though her i to pay for transportation to the railroads 1890)); adding freights, commissions, the amount. Often it appears that a
output of dried fruits and raisins' was and hotel bills, just to wail! etc., the gross sales would probably high rate is secured for a given article

very great.ED. t I Why, it is as much as I can do to get amount to '$150,000,000. The by its advocates agreeing to a, similar -
A Cheerful Orange Grower. time to leave my work 'which I am amount consumed at home and not high rate for some other article,
BdKer Farmer and Fruit-Grower: married to "for better or for worse," shipped ''in any way will amount to thereby securing aid from the special
The wail from ;Pinellas, in your to attend the State Horticultural three'times the above figures or more. friends of some other interest ; and it :
paper'of the i6th'inst, deeply moves Society meetings, and try and find This is making 'the low estimate of is through these combinations and
me. It is pitiful.. Why don't the out how I can do betters from those $10,for each inhabitant of the country. compromises that nearly every rate is
writer emigrate to California whereall fellows who grow fruits and vegetablesfor California devotes very small pro- fixed. .J
'is serene',and railroad rates are'so profit, as well as the love of workin portion of its valuable irrigated landsto California sends a delegation to
low? "Hesp des apples from there Florida. Can't you help us a little truck gardening-such a small Congress avowedly in favor of a pro-
arc flooding every market" He in this matter, Mr. Editor, and try amount, in 'fact, that the total would tective tariff not only on California
:. should' by' all ,means, go, Chicago and induce all the fruit and vegetable look exceedingly insignificant in comparison fruits but,upon all American productions -
,.r. before May, 1St and feast his vision growers :o meet in Interlachen on the with the balance of the coun that need protection from cheap ..
\: on "the sea lemons from San Diego 12th of May, and spend three days try. foreign labor. Florida sends a dele- ;
,' shaddocks from Alhambra,., pomelos helpfully and healthfully? If they Mr.: De Young boasts of his State gation elected upon a platform callingfor
; ?.from ,,DuarteJimes, from Santa Bar-.. will only' come and tell each other shipping 5,250 cars of fresh fruit last a revenue tariff and strongly op-'
'. "
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posing the'right to lay a tariff for pro- I assume that the reason why you that chloride of sodium is good for Interesting Notes from the Bahamas .
tection. When before curtailed Mr. Gillett's letter because Irish his
measures are was potatoes, sends to agent fora
We extract the following from the
Congress"asking tariff for protectionthe it bore too heavy upon one of barrel and when he sends him a
proceedings of the Massachusetts Hor
.Florida members are pledged ',to our advertisers, and as matter of busi- barrel af salt, gives him a blowing up ticultural
oppose such a measure, except:articles ness.policy you thought best to suppress for his stupidity in sending saft insteadof Society;: '
produced in this 'State. The resultis it; but for all that I believe your sodium! Relating this to a regularold On landing at. Nassau,one was beset-
they can sot make combinations readers have a right to know the facts Cracker I was told that chlorideof by beggars, who, however, form buta
and, compromises with members, want- in. so important a case as this,.and sodium is salt. Then the worst small proportion of the whole popu-
ing protection for articles ,produced shall look for your reply to my request part was the old Cracker told around lation. The native negroes are not
,mainly in other localities without repudiating that I may! ,know the contents of his that :I did not know what salt was. lazy, if proper incentive is given for
their 'party platform "Hence lettereither direct or through your You should explain such things, Mr. exertion. A ontractor' for canningfruit
Florida is left out of such .combina- paper, with considerable interest.I Editor, so that we novices might keep said that if they understand their,
tions; but California:gets die full ben- am using Mapes' fertilizer in, my posted.Again. tasks they do them as well as anybody;
efit of ,that custom/Hence,the in- groves but if Bradley's is better, as Mr., Editor, when you pub- but they have to pare one hundred
justice, we suffer as pointed out in the Mr. Buffum asserts, I shall want to lish an article in regard to 'cassava pineapples to-: earn three cents, and.
article you clipped from ti\t\Agricultur-' use that I do not believe that if Mr. seed," you should say sticks. I spent one thousand is a day's work.
ist. This has always'been my'under- Buffum has a good case, he 'should'object $3 for seed and the party sent me a Colonel Wilson was especially in-
standing of'the matter. 'If I am not to the fullest discussion of the barrel of sticks with warts all over terested in the vegetation and horti-
right, will some one show 'what is the merits of' the matter, and in fact it them, and it,made me very angry to cultural products. The principal
trouble. W., E. DRISCOLL. would,be,but reasonable, that he should think a,neighbor Floridian would playme growth is acacias, of .which there area
Manatee, Fla. court,them.If : ,such a trick and send me such great variety. The Royal palm
I there is any "nigger in the woodpile stuff for seed.. I bonfired it and haven't forms a most stately tree. The Ban
The Peach,Rate Prohibitory. ," as I strongly: :.suspect,, as one of spoken to that Floridian since. That yan grows in perfection in the east
Editor Farmer and Fruitgrower.In your'subscribers ,I shall look to you,to joke cost too much. I had been saving part of the group. The Cocoanut
the year 1889 .a considerable expose, him: that three dollars to pay for the FARMER : palm well as in any part of
amount of peaches was shipped to the THEODORE. P. BROWN. AND FRUIT-GROWER, hence my delinquency the world and this is the only districtnear
Northern cities, but on account of Worcester, Mas*. .. to the United States where it cer-
expensive transportation, I have'''not Our sole reason for omitting a pan This is harvest in ,our immediate tainly will. They will bear in four 2
heard of returns that paid for crates,' of Mr. Gillett's\ letter (aside from its vicinity. In the lake regions of Polk, years from planting the seed and then
h aside from commission' to the dealer, length) was that it dealt in personal within a radius of two miles from Winter fruit perennially, a frond expandingevery
and transportation. Last year the reflections on Mr. Buffum (which we Haven, there are now fully four month, with a cluster of flowersat '
March freeze occured, ,and none'' of us will not permit), and introduced into hundred acres in tomatoes alone, be- the base which produces from fortyto
were troubled, with high rates, .etc. the argument some groves which Mr. sides quite a large area in other vege sixty nuts. They keep growing the
But this year promises a good crop of Buffum and'the Bradley fertilizer 4iad tables. Our shipments are now aver- whole year and show at all times the
Peentos' and Bidwells, .but on account had nothing to do with, which'Mr.. aging from three to five hundred crates whole gamut from flower to ripe fruit;
of the high rates above named, many B.. had' not mentioned. Mr. Gillett of tomatoes per day. This industrybids every day the owner can pick fruit, -
trees have been dug up or abandoned. brought out the fact which Mr. Buf fair to nval the orange industry, which sell there for three cents apiece.
Now, the, what are.we fun'aid not, that the latter in the experiment as tomatoes are now selling at from One of the most remarkable trees is t
to do with our present crop? Shallwe which he reported,in-his l letter $3 to $S per crate, and in some in- the Bombax Ceiba or Silk Cotton tree, .
let them rot when,. if we could get :' used 'a great deal more Bradleyper stances as high as $6 per crate has which braces itself in the rocky soil .
them to the Northern'cities, it 'wouldbe acre than he did Mapes, thereby been reported. The location of Winter by enormous buttresses thrown out j.
a source of pleasure them to par. rendering his test inconclusive and Haven, situated as it is 190 feet om the stem.
take. of such grand fruits ? I have inaccurate. His experiment did nothing above the l level of the Atlantic and To understand the agriculture of the
been experimenting with peach culture to change the ,relative values: of Gulf, surrounded within a five mile islands one must know the conditionsof .
for several years, and I have been the two brands; it left them,, wherethey radius with seventy-two beautiful clear the soil. The people have no idea
fully convinced that Florida can produce were before, and proved nothing water lakes, the land all high and of anything but limestone, and thereis
an abundance of peaches; and whatever, except that Mr. B. cultivated -rolling, fertile in the, production of all not a plow and hardly a spade in
since the new seedlings from the Bid. and fertilized .l(at least one of the citrus"and other fruits, vegetables, the islands; the implements used in
wells and Peentos have been fruitingour \ the two groves) 'very liberally, watered etc., free from frost, or if visited by gardening are a crowbar, a sledge '
peaches should commend atten- them generously, and made a brilliant the same in so light a dose as to allow hammer and a pickaxe. In a disused '":.
tention. But how are we"to reach the success. the pineapple and guava to flourish quarry the refuse forms, after the pul-
consumption market? If any person A letter just received from Mr., without artificial protection. Such a verizing process has gone on for a long
,can tell, or can put us into an avenue Buffum says: "Mr. Gillett states that location is unsurpassed.I time, and the resulting soil has been
that will lead out of the darkness I. not over ten pounds per tree of Mapes' am sorry to say that the lands in mixed with vegetable mold, a good I
would be pleased ,to hear from them. fertilizer was used on the grove, while and around this section are not being soil,for bananas, pineapples, etc. The
LEVI RISINGER. Mr. Clawson says that I9$$ poundswas advertised, and in one year from today only exports are sponges, pineapplesand
Sorreato, Fla.
applied. So far as I am able to I predict that there will be but Sisal hemp, the latter producedfrom
''The Fertilizer Muddle. judge the amount of fertilizer on the few choice selections to be made, as a species of agave. Formerly
Editor Farmer and Frolt-Orowerf two groves spoken of was the same or the county is settling up very rapidly oranges were exported, but this has
I was greatly interested in ,two let very nearly so." Thus the assertionsof without any advertising. And yet ceased and wonderfully fine ones were
,ters that recently appeared in your Messrs. Gillett and Buffum as to your paper is read by all our success- bought for fifty cents per hundred.
paper signed by Mr. F. C. Buffum the amount'' of the two fertilizers used ful growers. The pineapples are grown mostly on
and Mr. M. E. Gillett. in the two groves differ. With that Grapes will in the near future be the Island of Eleuthera. The pineapple
I was also' greatly disappointed that the controversy must drop out of our one of our choice productions, and industry is very interesting.Only .
you did not give the whole of the columns, as this is not the place for the most delicate hothouse varieties the red soil will produce a profitable -
latter,gentleman's reply, as, I believeit the settlement of a question of ve .are grown' without protection. There crop of this fruit, though theycan
would have been of interest to your racity.-ED. i is no reason why all should not suc- be grown in the gray soil. The
readers and perhaps of value. t ceed in, this industry when we have red soil is formed by the decay of red :
I have no direct interest in the mat- Polk County,Notes. such men as Dubois, Luttichau and kelp and the gray soil from gray kelp.
ter exceptas the owner of a, grove, Bdltor farmer and Fruit Grower: others ever ready to help the beginnerwith The industry is necessarily limited in
and 'all,.I desire is to satisfy myself of Delinquent taxpayers are generally advice and directions. Such extent on account of the limited area t.f
the comparative value of the two fertilizers sold out. and a homestead. won't save men are valuable to Florida and are of pineapple lands. This is worth .
and that! cannot do unless I them., .So with delinquent subscribersto not of the gopher sort, but they come from $80 to $100 per acre. In Gov j
can get at Mr. Gillett's entire argument the FARMER"AND FRUIT-GROWER. out of their shells and contribute for ernor's Harbor, Eleuthera, $100,000 "
They'are dropped and left where Moseswas the good of all. Then if any one does was distributed among 1,200 people; :
I visited Lake"Weir the past 'winterand .found when the light went out.I not know how and wants to learn, a 300,000 dozen were:exported in that :
was in the grove of Mr. Buffum, ,enclose you check for $4. Please golden opportunity is presented. To collection district, which went mostlyto
and while my opinion may be of but ,credit me up and oblige.Well those who do not understand grape Baltimore and New York. The
little value, it is my belief that the Mr. Editor, to do without culture and-do not want to learn, my Red",or Cuban variety is preferred for
very'successful. he obtained,was your paper one would feel indeed lost, advice would be to let it alone. With quality and size. They are planted
due almost entirely the presence of as it is as welcome each week as a best wishes for the success of the in August and sometimes bear the '
his irrigating facilities, as other groves prodigal Son, and offers a feast of good FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER and its next year, but sometimes not until '_
near him were as full, 'of fruit before things! that encourages one beginning in editor, believe me, etc. eighteen months after planting. The
the drouth as his but lost it'in- the the.arts of agriculture. Can a man do JOHN WALTER.. season begins in May, and the productis
dry weather.. ; .' without, ?" One'reads in some ,work 0 Winter Haven,Polk County. from 800 to 1,500.'dozen! per acre."'
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A nIL <30,.18t.1] THE ,J'LBIDA.D1BPA.TC FARMER AND FK -GBOWEB.., 315 '.

Formerly it was the- practice after Tfte Vineyard. Grapes 'In Fourteen Months From about double those of our Northern _

cropping 'the land for three or :four Planting.The wines.

years to let it come up to bushes or ........ ........ ..,,-.- -.. Orange County Reporter gives "Of all the vast territory of Floridathe

scrub, but now, by, the-ald of' fertilizers Girdling this account of the labors of Mr. P. P. western part (as before intimated)
Editor Farmer and apparently, the best for -
continuous crops are produced Ink, of Orlando: grape growing

"In one district: one thousand barrelsof Incision annulairet as the operationof He planted two acres two and wine-making, as it is higher,

fertilizer, costing $7.50 per barrel, removing a ring of bark from a increased the last years, ago and dryer and of stronger soil, has less
acreage year
were used. The plants torm thickets certain part of a grapevine is 'called in during the winter just addedone humidity and less liability to fungoid
with serrated leaves, through which France, causes a perturbation in the more' until he now has at his diseases; and not only is Prof. Duboisthe

it ,was impossible for the speaker normal vegetation of the plant and; a home place nine! ,acres of thrifty vines, most extensive grape grower and

go without injury either to person or pletboric tendency. The part situated representing the planting of three wine-maker of1thisentire region, but

clothing, but the barefooted negroes above the incision, instead of growing seasons. His yearling and two he is also a propagator of grape vineson
in length, will now in diameter. year scale. His for
passed through .them easily and with- grow a large catalogue
old vines are now fruiting and he, will
The incision should not be so large as of which is before
out'harm. The fields lie wherever the I88g-go-a copy
nice little income from the sale
to prevent the new tissue formed by get us-shows that he is
land is propitious, and the workers go of his' which will ripen in June. heavily engagedin
the descending from joining the this branch of the He
to them in catboats, of which Colonel His industry.
success was so marked that he
Wilson had seen thirty-five lying in lips' below; two millimeters is suffi- has propagated and experimented on
was induced to enlarge l operations.A .
Governor's Harbor. cient; and. will enable, the wound to 140 varieties for market purposes, and.

The authorities of the island have heal before the end of the year. ,'If little more than a year ago, in com- an equal number for wine, among
with Mr. W. G. Peak of Duluth
the decortication the pany ,
has been made at which that familiar in
new 'which are many are
sought some industry
who is a winter resident of 'Florida
should,afford employment to laborers time of blooming, the fruit above the the North; and he recommends the
he purchased a tract of acres
incision will nourish most, will add seventy in Florida in counties northof
where the pineapple:cannot be grown. raising ,
about four miles west'of town. Eight
one-third to its normal size, will color the of for the
This has been found in the produc- acres or this was cleared and set in parallel twenty-nine,
tion of Sisal hemp, so called, from the more brilliantly, will advance in ma- Northern markets, Delaware, Niagaraand
Niagara a These
... grapes year ago.
Agave Mexicana, which 1 grows there'asa turity and will prevent coulure. If vines have made a wonderful growth Ives, !and testing Brighton, Jefferson ;
the operation is delayed until after and .
State Dawn
noxious and persistent weed. It Empire Early
and are now carrying a good deal of
the period of: flowing, its influence For wine claret
has'pale green smooth-edged leaves,I fruit. As as twenty-six clustersof Triumph. grapes (
against coulure is null all that will many and and Norton's
pointed at the extremity. The leavesare ; port) Cynthiana
fruit were counted a single
be gained is a slight advance in maturity upon Ives and Montefiore and
cut oft'and. passed through a vine in a recent' inspection of this testing Oporto
and size. The practice is not and for Sauternes and Hock Missouri
machine which crushes them andscrapes' Not vine has fruit ; ttiJ
advisable on vines in soil, of every Elvira and Delaware.For .
off the pulp. There is another poor Riesling,
} while the growth; of remarkable.
species with serrated-edged leaves, weak growth or sickly branches.In this Mr. near markets, Champion,Concord,
Encouraged by success
,place of removing a: ring of Perkins Martha Merrimac Moore's
which affords a smaller quantity ,of Ink few months associated him- ,
bark, a single circular'' cut (incision a ago Wilder and "
finer fibre. They must be: weeded self with Mr:I.H. Babcock,a wealthy Early, Washington.

the first year, after which they will simple:is ou' circulairet removing no Northern gentleman and,a member of I I .
bark, preferable. From a theoret "
take care'of themselves.. They are weak'
To- feel
the Grape If
Company. you
ical point, there will result less -
tenacious of life after
very ; one grew gether they purchased forty acres of and all out takBROWN'S
to the of the worn
being )kept in a tight box for eighteen economy and on.the,20thof
plant, and in practice the work is unimproved ground IRON BITTERSLast .
months. They must not be allowedto February last the work of clearingand

"pole"-that is to send up a flower more easy. The single incision will preparing it, for a vineyard was I I

stem. From..400 to 500 plants can be not cause enlargement of fruit to as begun. .Palmettos had to be grubbed, year Professor Roberts, of .
the double incision
set on an acre, ,and they will grow high a degree as ; the pine trees cut and stumps dug out Cornell University, removed the tassels -
but it also will
not cause a
higher than a tall man can reach. premature and the land plowed and! prepared for from every alternate row"'in a plot
of in
leaves will heal
,One man can take care of ten acres. falling up a which contained forty-eight rows of
vines. Just fifty-seven,days later.. the
short time result in the
no injury
The produce is 800 to 1000 pounds of tract was a solid vineyard, with posts Indian corn. The tassels were cut as .
hemp acre, being about four percent plant, will, In most cases, prevent could be and before
set for the vines, a neat and substantial soon as they seen
couture ha-ten and J
.of the weight of leaves Large maturity enlarge wire fence enclosed the entire they had produced any pollen. In no
fruit certain incision
to The
companies i have been formed to pursue a extent. tract, and a substantial, commodious single case did a row upon which the
should be few
placed just or a
this ,culture, some having acquired packing house had been erected. tassels were left produce nearly as "
below die first bunch. Care
20,000 acres and expended $80,000 eyes This will serve as a tool house and much as the rows on either side of it

already In improvements, but the should be taken not to operate on a protection for workmen until it is from which the tassels had been re-

government will.sell no more land_ in branch which serves to carry sap to needed for packing fruit for shipment. moved. In the aggregate, the number
other of the vine and results
large tracts, but ten.acre lots can be parts of good ears in the rows of emas-
individuals for be will be equal on a two-year-old branchor
bought by $Io to Leon culated plants was 2,338, as against
"Wine-making- County.
a' herbaceous scion. One in.
'pad from the first crop, and it is on 1,551 good ears on the rows where the

hoped that the people will become self cision on the base will influence every The editor of the }Vineyardist lately tassels had been left, while in the

It ,fruit bunch above. paid a visit to the vineyards in South-
sustaining. was pitiful to see women former case the weight of merchantable -

coming with a load of truck on If one has a long fruiting branch, western Georgia and Florida, and has corn was 1,078 pounds, and in the .

their heads into market, where they which is to be removed next fall, the, published two articles on the subject, latter 710 pounds-that is, both in the
six for the double incision should be made-on the with others to follow. His accountof
pay pence per day privilegeof number of ears and in the weight of
their which each base, and.above the scions destinatedfor Prof. Dubois' vineyard .contains
selling wares ; the corn, the advantage was nearly
board barrel before future fruit canes. Fruit raised by much that we already know. We'select -
spreads on a. or fifty per cent. in favor of the rows
r her, gathered into little groups of the help of the double incision must be a few paragraphs as below: where the tassels had been removed.

,value of a ha'penny or a penny as the removed as soon as ripe; berries will "As a wine.maker the Professor is .

case may be, perhaps a single tomato continue swelling until they burst, also a great success; and his still wines KORSFORD'S ACID PHOSPHATE ,

with half an''onion, and other thingsin and it. may happen that a part of a ire,much superior to many made in Makes an Invigorating Drink .

), like proportion. A marketman'ssales bunch is already in a _most dropsical our own section. This comes from with and Delicious.Middlemen's .
condition when the other is but his best and sugar
would not perhaps amount to part his using fully ripened .
more than a shilling or two per d,iy. half ripe. I sometimes practice (fruit together with his great skill in

There are few horses in the islands, double incision on wood several years manipulating them, which was attainedby Profits Saved to the '

donkeys being used instead, ,and their old which is to be removed by next his education in some of the noted Consumer /

.. fodder is brought into market in trimming; but single incision on her wineries of ,France-his native coun- We sell direct to the consumer, and j

bundles and exposed in the street for baceous scions more frequently, especially try. In regard to the truthfulness of can save you 20 per cent. on the

w sale, and firewood the same. The .on late ripening varieties, or our observations on their quality, we Buggy. The "Complete Horse Book"

people are obliged and willing to. do to prevent coulure. now have indubitable proofs in our tells; how. Sent for 10 cents, silver or :

tedious labor for small returns. They H. VON LUTTICHAU. cellar. These wines consist of Claret, stamps. Pioneer Buggy Company,

realize that ,the prosperity of the Earleton. ,Fla. -. .._ Sauternes, Haut, Sauternes, Hock Columbus, O. jNONRESIDENT

,blockade-running days was a'de1iriumThe S. ,H. Garrett, Mansfield, 0., the Sherry, Port, etc., and 'allowing] us tobe

price of casual labor is fifty cents manufacturer of the popular Garrett: a judge the Hock of 1886 is a fine '

per day. Sponge collectors ,cannot Pickett and Wire Fence Machine sells old dry 'XX' wine; that of 1887 is OWNERS.Wanted .

average $75 per year. The sponges pickets, wire and fencing tools, at also very fine, in fact 'XXX;' and the ,by a man of large experience,the :..

\ are not agreeable to cure, for, the wholesale prices, direct to farmers. sherries, old and dry, are likewise very management of a large orange grove. Only "
to a good salary
animal matter has to be decom. Write .him for descriptive catalogueand good as is also his sweet sherry, 'Vino teed>artlei apply.who are Beat willing ref encea pay furnished.

I posed. The,sponge traffic amounts to wholesale prices of wire and fencing Fino.' He also makes an excellent Address"Manager/'care DISPATCH,FA..a ...-

material. wine-all commanding prices Jacksonville, Pin" "
$3O ,oOO. orange AND FaUlT GROWER .

-.t.. ,

">, ;,. .,:'.



d ..:.:.... .. ._ ,... ,;A;:' if


i .:." : ::
ji i\1dE 'J ]i1 tfe1\EI\ {. Manufacturing Company" or some- be used to great advantage; but long,, ally destitute of potash, which'is one
thing like that. I clipped the paragraph slender vines when cut into pieces are of the most important, as well' as the .
-- mice and Rice Products. from the Sun and sent it to the apt to wilt if set on a hot day. If you largest, constituents of tobaccd. The
Edtfor.Farmer and FruIMJrqwen Tiines-Union of Jacksonville, request set the draws now and then prune the high grade, ninety-five to ninety-eight
: Your letter 13th ,inst. at hand and ing them to give 'me any information vines somewhat severely when they per cent sulphate of potash is safest
remarks; noticed. Rice, flour, is_ pro which they might be able to do concerning i run too luxuriantly; the same result to use. Cotton hull ashes may be
duced from ,the grain in the, processof the company, with the view I will'be attained as by the use of piecesfor cheaper, and are also safe to use, but
dressing, rice One-third of the of building a rice mill on the line of plants;; that is, the restraining of ,vary greatly in quality, and being sold'
flour is produced in ,the ;process of road at some desirable place. Althoughwe vine growth and a gain in yield of on no guaranteed analysis, the buyer
hulling the grain, and; two:thirds is received.a prompt! ,and polite reply tubers.-ED. has no protection, and an investmentin
produced: ; in pounding and. polishing we could not obtain any information them is like buying a lottery ticket
the,grain. The flour is the cuticle.or about the matter 'which was advantageous Calomel as an Insecticide.Editor On light soils, cottonseed meal gives

skin. of the grain, which is pounded.. to our object Possibly you Farmer and article FruitGrower.'I in, last good results ,at the latter part of the
loose and screened from :the,pounded may be,of use to us in this, matter, see an the your of arches paper and season, and should be applied early in
grain before, it, ,goes to the,polishing, anr you can give ,us any informa- recommending cheesecloth to use cucumber plants. the spring, in order that the plant foodIt

machines. Then, the polishing machines -, tion concerning the, movements of the, I have a simple protect remedy that I have contains may become available during -
remove the balance of the flour company. .'we: will be, ,greatly obliged. the short growing period. At the
used for than It
which clings to:the grain.! This latter: W. P, .RUSSELL.. more twenty years. present time the best growers agree
flour is.a palpable dust; and. ;if:;:kept Charleston, f!. C.Draws. never cation fails is and usually one.appli- that'manure and fertilizer together are
very close and. pure sells at a.very high I better than either alone.
I calomel and five
for i in the finest and or Vines? use one part or Of the fertilizers
French special
figure use; ;: ; six of wheat flour. Mix many got-
Italian. confectionery; but, it! is all l Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. parts ten up for tobacco much could be said. ,.
mixed together: one bushel of the Again we are in a quandary...%, Dr. thoroughly and sift on the plants when Fertilizers containing a large amountof
they are damp so that the mixture will
flour bushels of the Ouzner "Coming here from the acid desirable
stone to two screen : says: phosphoric are not ,
stick. A is sufficientand 'f
light application r
and brush flour,, and sold for:, feed for North we will make mistakes I but a constant supply of potash and .
it does not to the
seem injure plantsin
/I' milch cows, horses, ,ducks, geese, want to. make as few .as possible, but the least. I size tin ammonia is necessary. One great
turkeys and, chickens,?more especiallywith if I do make them I want to profit as use a large mistake is in failing to furnish a liberal "-
box it with.I .
... to apply
us. for milch ,cows and pigs alr ,much'by them as possible. pepper would be interested in an articleor amount of available plant food duringthe
thougha, great deal is used for,horses :The/thing/ that bothers me now is two the subject of clearing off entire growing season, and in such .
and mules.., There .nothing equalto how to plant and raise sweet potatoes. upon forms as the plant requires for the
the piney woods when and how to do
it for mulch,cows and pigs. I[ have a patch.of ''very rich hammock best development of the leaf. Some tare
the work. I have been tempted to
The ,product of the Charleston mills land that' has formerly been a little penny wise and pound foolish in ,
method be criticised
is,not.equal to the,demand for home wet. I underdrained it and it is dry give my by in this regard. Result, disappointment
those and
consumption and every bushel of and nice. I made my ridges and, having what more I experience know.N. so and lean pocketbooks in the ma-
bring out want to
sold for cash at the mill door in'small having prepared', large 'hotbed, had W. DEERING. jority of cases. The plant'itself can- i
quantities. Dealers ,here buy,a. thousand an abundance of draws. Set out Inwood Jackson County, Fla. not be cheated, and in trying to cheat .nit
*or, more bushels at a-time, handing 1,500. draws;' have room for: 10,000 they cheat themselves. Stable manure -
-* their check forthe money*and more, arid have twice that number; Tobacco Culture. should be applied in the fall, but '
drawing,on the mill for the',flpuras, but the colored people and everybodyelse We'present the following paper on !if f used in the spring i it is best to plow :
they need it until} exhausted.; -says, "Don't put them 'out; wait tobacco culture, read by Mr. W. W. it in, and apply a specialprepared fertilizer -
Flour ranges in prices. from 25 centsto till these you have put out grow andcut Sanderson of South Deerfield, Mass., harrowed in, some in the drill,
40 and sometimes 50'cents'per busti- off the tops and put them out." at'the recent meeting of the New England or, both.I .
el,' commencing September at' 25 I have, in addition to the above, Tobacco Growers at Hart- desire to call particular attention to
-cents and creeping up to 40 cents at four:'acres of new hammock land just ford, CtHaving thestarting point of the crop, which has
the end of the season in, June. Rice cleared this winter, that I had deter- secured a measure of pro not received the attention it should.
_'flour]n Europe, where they'pound ;a' mined to'put in sweet potatoes. Can tection sufficient to enable the grower The seed has a very important placein
great t. more than wedo_in Ai? rlca 'pitt'it all out with nice draws, such as of'tobacco to .obtain a fair price for the business, for without good,
,;'never sells for l less than 52 cents we use in the North, as I have now his labor after taking out the annual pure seed of the best variety every-
per bushel. We have'had applicationfrom and will have coming on an_ abund- expenses for' buildings) 'machinery, thing may be favorable, yet failure is
Hamburg,' Germany, this season ance of them and very fine ones, too fertilizers, tools, etc., there are now sure. It is often stated that Havana
for large quantities of flour, arid'orde s' But, says the colored man, don't you two important points that must be seed should be used only a few .years M.
have been sent to Savannah from Europe do it; wait and use the tops or vines constantly watched, ,or the protection from importation, that it deteriorates, ::1
this season; so our correspondentsin for draws; you will have better and obtained ;twill be 'short lived. First, runs out, runs into seed leaf, etc. I
Hamburg inform us. more sweet potatoes. The question I enemies must be watched and growers take exception to all these statements, .
'We' are selling flour at the'mill door would like'to have answered is, is that must be prepared to meet attacks at admitting only that the climate and
for day at'35' cents; sacked and really. so? Shall I deliberately throw any and everypoint. Second, produce soil change the size and fragrance of
delivered on board cars or Vessel at 40 away: 30,000 or more draws and .use such goods as are demanded by the the leaf gradually in the course of five \
cents.. A ton f. o. 'b.: is'53 'bushels, vines to,make my;, crop? trade. While great improvement has or ten or twenty years ; but this f
38 pounds each, 2,014 pounds; 53x40 The draws that I have already putout been' made, yet there is room at the change does not necessarily deterio- |
=$2 I.20, but we'have'none for shipment .- are doing well notwithstandingthe top, and by careful study and atten- rate the quality of the leaf for a wrapper .
at this time. dry weather. tion to all the little items of culture, if proper attention is paid in se
We have written a great deal in the We failure; we put out fertilizing and handling, so much improvement lecting the seed, using only the best.
FARMER ,AND FRUIT GROWER,,at' request one and a half acres turnips last fall can be made that fine, I The variety will be improved and bet-
'of former editor, about the culture on coming here; could find no marketfor bright, glossy wrappers as good as ter crops produced. With most crops, ,
of rice in Florida, with the hope : them; .gave-away all we could and the famous Sumatra, or even better, great care is taken to get the best seed, '! '
of inducing the'more extensive cultureof have plowed under a. large crop to can be produced. It is admitted that while the tobacco, the most costly .,.
this cereal, which we are informedby fertilize the ground. This crop paid, such goods have been grown to a crop, and when a good crop is secured |
farmers in Florida is' the best pay- however, in fun to learn how Crackers limited extent, but the supply is far the most remunerative of all, seed is j
ing crop made in the State; but so far cooked and eat turnips.'Ve put out short of the demand.To saved in the most careless and shift- 1
we have not had our receipts of rough about i,600 cabbage plants and are increase the quantity of wrap- less ways possible.. This is all wrong. \
rice.from Florida increased to any ap- now selling cabbage in the patch at prs: that shall rival those grown in The best method I have yet discovered '
preciable extent. Our object 'was to five ,cents per'head. That pays. any country should be the aim of to obtain the best plump, healthy j"
build a commercial mill in Florida, DR. JOHN W. DEAVER. Connecticut Valley growers. Their seed is to select the best plants for
such as we have here and in Savan- Verona, Fla. soil is peculiarly adapted to the pro- seed, remove all the suckers, leaving
nah, but the product of the whole It:is a pretty general belief among duction of these goods' and their only the head to produce seed. Whena
State today does not the native' farmers that draws set out special production will bring the few of the earliest seed pods turn

A month or two'ago, perhaps three early in, the.season, run excessively to greatest profit. How to solve this brown, remove all the blossoms and :
months ago, we noticed paragraphin vines and will not yield .as large potatoes problem is the question upon which I all the seed pods not nearly full grown.
one of our' daily papers, the ,as will 'pieces ,of vines planted desire to present some few points for The plant will not produce'as much I ,
Charleston Daily'Sun, that a company later. The early set,expend too much investigation.To seed, but it will be plump and healthy
had purchased very large.,tracts of.rice vitality in forming vines and have not produce a fine, bright, glossy seed, and when ripe should be shelled :
lands near Orlando and had,made liberal enough leit to bestow on a crop of leaf the.soil and fertilizer are impor, and carefully winnowed 'many times, !1
offers to farmers to occupy and, potatoes. If your potatoes are of a tant factors, and each has its effect until the lightestseed is removed. This J
plant the land in rice. The company variety,. like the Providence for instance A light or even sandy soil will give a requires time and patience, but it will ;
styled themselves "The: Florida'Rice i that has thick vines they can fine, light leaf, but such; land is gener- pay better than-any other work dome '


.; ".



a i .


on the,crop.: Besides, by continuing original shape. ,Only by the closest -I IT to'see* it. It _requires: keen eye, to
this method a few years, instead of attention to all the little,details can the Poultry, find it sometimes; it is very small,

deteriorating, a marked improvementwill greatest,success be attained. Finally, only half to three-quarters of an inch
be observed: the quality",of' them the protection,necessary to the life of A Mysterious Ailment. long and as small as a cambric'needle.One .
product. ,The old idea that late cropsif the industry will be short-lived, unless Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.I of the best remedies is a teaspoonful -
matured are best'has proved expensive growers are on the alert, ,and ready to have lately lost a good many! of spirits of turpentine in a pint

to many} growers. Get plants as meet and defeat any attempt to deprive -,chickens, and I would like if possible !,!of soft feed. For severe cases give a
early as possible for Havana seed crops. them of their rights. 'to find out the cause, prevention and drop on a bread crumb, or place the
,Glass and cloth will force plants a cure of the affection which carries chicks in a tight box, cover with a
week or two ahead of open beds, and A Cheap Corn Crop. I them off. The first sign is that the coarse sack and upon this throw air-

this,time gained is an important item. From a subscriber in Montgomery chicken, (these are little chicks two slaked lime. This will fill the box

Cultivation,should,be frequent and county, Ala., we have the table below, or three weeks old), remains quiet with the dust and cause the chick to
'thorough, deep between the rows, giving cost of a portion of his corn and occasionally makes,a motion as if sneeze when the worms will be ex-
shallow near the plant; At the second crop for 1889. The yield is good for swallowing. Soon after it commences pelled. Or burn coal tar oh a hot .
and third hoeing, hilling will.assist in land not fertilized, but the report is to gape and is convulsed, and in most shovel; this will do the same. '

keeping the plan from tipping over. of greater value as showing how cheaply cases is dead in i from, fifteen to thirty Again, if your chickens are. feathering -
Most of this work can be done with a under favorable conditions corn maybe minutes, though some have lingered fast this may be the cause. Feed

good cultivator and hiller, and better grown. for some hours. plenty of bone meal and wheat bran,
than ,by hand. As to topping, this The soil is black prairie bottom. A An examination after death shows and from a vial containing equal partsof
should be done low enough to have part of the field was cleared in 1884. them to be very fat, the windpipe free whisky and camphor give the weak

the top ..leaves nearly as large as any A, part of it has been cleared, for many from all obstructions, the lungs and est ones a, drop several times a day.A .
on the plant when matured. Havana years, but after some years( cultiva- I other organs apparently in normal few drops of tincture of iron in the

seed,is,liable, to tip over about topping tion had been turned out till 1884, condition, the upper part of the heart drinking water is a good tonic. ,One
time, and,should be set,up straight as since which it has been in constant appearing to be congested to some ex- of the best remedies for-chicks feath-

soon as possible, and although a, disagreeable cultivation. The whole field of eight tent, but,'of course, for'aught I'know, ering too fast is a homoeopathic rem.
job, it,will pay well for.doing acres had been fertilized two years this may, only, be natural just after edy, ,calcara carbonate. It is put up "
well.. The time required for Havanato previous>with 500 poundscottonseedmeal death. in tablets, the same as spongia, and
ripen after topping varies from three per acre.Though The chicks have been hatched by sold at the same price. One tablet to
to six weeks: weather; soil and suckers adjacent corn fields are hens and'have had free range of the every two ounces of water once a day
each having, its influence. As a rule, covered with chicken corn, from the grove; have been fed four to five will help them over this critical pe-
four weeks or more are necessary, and land mentioned this pest has ,been times,a day on dry feed, hominy and riod. More chickens die at this age

it should pot be cut until ripe. eradicated by five years thorough cultivation oat _flakes mainly. They have, had than any other.

Suckering! -,Great: difference of in cotton. The cleanness access ,to a running stream of water
opinion% exists as to the.amount ,of the land' accounts for the fact.that the from my artesian well, have been shut BEATTY'S a-SWJfiSff1-( -:

suckering it j pays to do. Suckers, as crop was made without hoeing and up in the chicken house at sundown UATALOIiUR PRKF.: AddressDANIEIF.
their ,name implies, suck ,the juice with only two plowings., The figures and released, in,the. morning after the BEATTY. Washington N.J. it

necessary to perfect the leaves. ,Consequently below direct our attention to the ad- sun has been fairly up.
a perfect crop cannot be se vantages of a rotation in which corn JNO.. H. HOGAN., ,
cured unless it is well and cleanly follows cotton: Canaveral,Fla.ANSWER.

suckered If three or four top suck, To beddlng........._DR.....__...0....._.......'1.00 [ BY E. w. AMSDEN.] FLA.,.
ers are removed, and then a little To dropping by hand........................... 10 .
To thinning by hand.......... ". .." ;........... :20 Your letter to the editor' has. been
later those halfway down, the lower To plowing twice ((18-Inch sweep).___. LtO referred to for :
me answer. I.
half can best be taken off by'going on To gathering and hauling ...:... ........... 1.00 IRRIGATING
To rent of land.......................__ 3.00 When young fowls at the age you
hands and knees under the leaves.
Opinions differ as to the best Total coat per,acre. .............. .:...I6.S0 ,mention begin to. droop and die they
OR. should be carefully examined to make
methods, hanging. ,If lath are used, By Barrels corn,shelled,61} at50c.f25.75 sure lice are not the cause. It is

it is less liable to,poJe'sweat, but in a Net profit per acre.............___-|19.i> usually the large gray body-louse that MACHINERY
and cost of corn bo.,12V c. .
dry &ea&,cures too quickly, is per attacks chickens of this age, and theyare ,
It be to notice how
\ consequently more liable to have may : generally found on the head. .If
4' :white veins. With an average season labor was saved in preparing and well dusted with insect powder it will BOTH
i it cures best when hung with twine: planting land. ,About April ist, with ,
kill them at:once'and save the lives of
Many growers expend all the care in two horse turn plow, a center furrowwas those affected. If no insect powderis STEAM. HORSE POER! .
getting, good sound crop, but when run on top of the old bed,. upturning at hand a very little vaseline on the
Harvesting handle roughly, bruising the old cotton stalks. In this
top of the head will drive them off.,
and tearing it, thus greatly reducing furrow corn, was dropped by hand If after trying this a day or two you .
its careful is and covered with two furrows of one
"value. Very handling PIPE PIPE FITTING BRASS
see no perceptible benefit, try a remedyfor .. ,
: the only way to' prevent loss. One horse turn plow. The bed was then j'
that has been but thoroughly completed with two more furrows of gapes. you say you
lesson dearly have examined the air and VALVE, HOSE, ETC., ,
learned the past season is thattobacco single plow, thus leaving new beds in find i it unobstructed might over- '"

should not be hung while wet, same position as before. The usual look the gape worm if you not accustomed' Write for Estimates. .. ,I" ..
as it is :much more liable to pole practice in that section is to bed with r "

sweat, and is not so soft and pliable four:,or five furrows of two horse turn --

when cured plow, open beds with scooter, drop .
Good ventilation, as }little light as corn by hand, cover either with "one {SYMPTOMS OF .
possible, frequent examination to ascertain furrow of pony plow or with scooterson o

whether curing too fast or ,double foot stocks. '
otherwise, is also necessary. 'When A simple calculation shows that PARESISCONSUMPTION
! the leaf is cured it can be taken down this land was prepared and planted
, and stripped in just the right condition with less than two thirds the usual

Ff as to dampness. This it is best to do hand force, and three, sevenths the ( OF THE,BRAIN). THE BRAIX (from a photograph).
| before ,the stalk freezes. Keep ,the usual team force. Ira 1Itathy O"dillof& With Faretb Lcttont.
I.. butts even, and the.leaves laid straight Corn was thinned by hand in wet Restlessness a feverish feeling sleeplessness,periodieheadaches!,dizziness,dimness of vision,
* ringing In the ears difficulty In thinking, trouble in remembering names and the faces even of
twice with inch
in the box. Make double bundles weather, plowed 18
friends. The victim of Fartsisis often shocked or annoyed by little noises and triflln thin
f loxxz, ,inches, lapping enough to have sweep, three furrows to the row each The nervous system fa often In such condition that very slight causes,or even no cause
excite to sudden outburst of anger. A feeling of pressure upon the brain is frequently
time. The above all the labor may
middle firm and each'bundle
>t the wrap covers followed by seasons of despondency,mental depression alternating with periods of wild,illusive
* with paper. This, :work done neatly except harvesting. hopes. When the brain begins to consume or decay,many of these symptom become aggravated.The .
Actual of labor month hands world seems strange or different from what it was in the'past,thought becomes po.1tlTeeffort
handle )
i :and :well, it will look better,; cost ( I and life an intense burden '
better ,and. assort easier, also. Lay was about 40 cents per daysingleteams item needs frothing, toning,'and building up. Something unusual Is demanded.
each' bundle bottom side ,as soon are valued at $1.25, and double \nd here where tho great difficulty hu always been-find something pure and yet positive
i in its results. The"late Trot Phelps,Dartmouth College: realized this when he began bit Investigation -
t as done. teams at $i.60 per ,day. which resulted in the discovery of Falne's Celery Compound. He knew mea a&d
: It is best to not pile them more than ,This gentleman is a, progressive women required something heretofore unknown to the world,and his great_. dlJcoTer1 hu tur- .
''nlshed U. This componnd checks Pares'' ,even after It has secured foothold In the 11Hem.
#, two bundles high, until the .weather is dairyman as well as farmer, and feeds, Taken on the apprnacb of the first IJ'D1ptomJ It will positively prevent their 1Dcreue. 1" high
endorsements by the medIcal' fraternity and the cures it II aft'eoting easily account tot 14.wEllllkf*
: cool. that be his corn ground,to his cows,. carefully
quite f After they may ful popularity and the unusual stir It has caused In this community. -
:. piled three or four high, laying .them saving the manure dropped! in stables '
DYES Simplest, Fast> ?**. ._
arc Strongest
their, Live Sio JlJJfJfAI--
. 'on the :side, and they will keep -So. ,: ;
: :
t .
_. '-,. ,? .
: ""-, ,. .. ,
,. ., 'd r > .. '.

._' ,'" '- ,...!;,.."' .' .\"; _';' ..:.f Y-LpY:, :.:..r,_: 4.Si-i: c["'.........._..Y,:;'. J ':'''''' .1e .".4.. ":Ao""L\ ..,&... ,- .:""' ., "",,.. ..J.r "/". ::,_ ..Jgt-W.-; Y4i. 7",.::;:::,.& _........... :.f ':'t" i


4' _' .-- .- -. __ -
-- -
.... ..
1.4 1III'Ii1c" ; RMRrb themselves, sending .culls, drops, big Ostrich Farming-' Florida. which IS\the_ envy'of the experiencedmaker.

tJl fruit and all ;and now they are broughtup Editor Tanner and Fruit-Grower .

.tARHRY fARMCBSUJ IMMM.NIWM HCt with 'a short turn by the Intelligence The last survivor of an ostrich farm Even with the varieties that haVe
TuuAPRIL experiment was mounted by the taxidermist become more .or less acclimated to
that several car l loads of ,their
Florida there is judgment be _
and has stood for several to used
;: 80, 18M. fruit ,have been rejected in the 'East years in the jewelry store of H. B. in the cultivation and fertilizing, in

STEPHEN POWERS., Editor. ern markets. Petted and pettish Riv- Lord, at Sanford, asa warning againstor order not to stimulate: too great rankness .
P. O. Address Latrtey,Fla.', erside may now learn that mankind an advertisement for ostrich farming in growth. The rows should be

Publications. .Received.U. will not be l lassoed and have; big and in South Florida. The bird is placed an ample distance apart, so
about eight feet high, and is chiefly that the cultivator in passing 'will not
8, of Agriculture Forest bad rammed down their
; oranges conspicuous''for want of feathers. Its: strike and tear the leaves, but in the
Insects 966 I"rbePedIculi' and:Hall -
; pages.
..phaga affecting man'and the lower& lmaJ.. throats. legs would not be tolerated in the row they ought to be close together,
This.a learned monograph on lice. Minnesota Legislature., When the say sixteen inches apart, to force them
Fourth Annual Report of the InterStateCon We wish our Northern.-friends distinctly family .landed at Sanford such was not to grow small and fine leaves. Old
coerce Commission;.413 pages: 'to understand that the. Florida! the condition. But comparisons are smokers think that the upper leaves of

.28 Alabama; Boll Tests Experiment Fertilizers. Station and,;Dairying.Bulletin No. farmer.does not put onions or a hypodermic odious, and I refrain from comment. the plant make a-cigar which burns

Legalised Crime In Florida; an address tothe syringe and a vial of permanganate READER or EDITORIALS.e. with a firmer ,ash than those rolled
r Legislature hy; J.C Neal,M.D..A curious of potash into his pocket when .. out of the lower leaves, and'this is
revelation of superstition and ignorance. probably correct, because the upper
Hard Bates for Vegetable Growers.
he goes out to work in the morning.In leaves are more delicate.
Looks as if Florida: would have to cultivated land fit for human habitation The rates which went into effect The finest grades of wrappers sell

'.consume the big herself April 18th were, from Gainesville, for 60 and cents
oranges at all a man stands -about as 50, even 65 a pou'lidright
i 67 j cents for a barrel crate to New in the planters barn in Gadsen .
When a wise man gets crop frostedhe much chance of being bitten! ,by'deadly a York, 37# for a small crate by water, county, while the coarser grades, fit t

4 will replant it.. When he.gets (it snake as he does,of.being killed 5054 by rail. only for fillers, bring only,25 cents and
'.' But hunters and These rates came too late to help .
frosted the third time he, will plant by lightning. : anglersand often much less. It is easy to see,
others who have nothing'particu the cabbage growers, and would not therefore, that the finer 'grade of
else. .
something have bettered their condition much
lar to do might, carry such articles goods ,may be made the more profit
.. anyhow. The uncommon scarcity of able, even if there is not half'so many
". We believe that in the non-citrus around'with them.It fruit in the North last year caused an harvested.

belt an important industry in dried .It unusual breadth of winter vegetables pounds, per acre I .
is idle and useless for' rural
fruits might be created.. The old our to be planted, and a very large area Laws and Lawmakers.The .
economists to spend so much time in of cabbages was planted in Florida Tallahassee
,Spanish{ peaches generally bloom late legislators at keepon
decrying the railroads. Florida must too .Men made some last .
enough to escape the frosts; then after money pouring bill'after bill into the hopper
always be a shipping State above year, but are losing it now. The and nothing is ground through the
the close of the
rainy season, or even others. The poverty of our, soil debars tomato growers, ,however, are doing mill. When the session is ended theycan
during its continuance, they'might(be turn the hopper bottom-side up, ;,
us from growing our breadStuffs well.Competition
dried with evaporators and yield a is every year growingsharper rap it, and then next session set it up i:
much better profit than cotton. and we are obliged to raise somethingto and closer. ,Cuba and Jamaica and pour the bills in again. A little

. ship to purchase\ ,them with. But are entering into the .cultivationof plain, strong legislation-not very ::7"

When your little pet Jersey 'comes we ,might produce more of our meat .vegetables for the Northern markets much-is needed; but still more is ,
and, they have the benefit of low needed an enforcement of it.
running ,and sticks her nose under than we do; the remarkable facility ro
steamer rates. Our growers have 'a First, as to road law One road
w .your arm for protection against the with which ,sweet potatoes, can be better outlet to the West, but there law is as'good as another, and it makes
tormenting horse-flies, if you are a raised in Florida enables the' farmerto again they run against the competitionof extremely little difference'what shape \I you will shut,her up i in grow a supply of'lean meat; ,Alabama, Louisiana and Missis it is in, so long as the enforcement of /'

a dark stable and let her out to graze and animated lard :we do not need in sippi.We it is left to the people themselves. We

by moonlight, or, better,still, provideher this climate. wonder that some of our truck- people are the 'source' of all power, I
men do not try early sweet potatoes, but when the exercise of that power
feed in the stall. To 1
some green of the that in the '
variety are popular is left in their hands they accomplish
bathe her with kerosene or infusion of So far as comestibles are concerned, North ; not the heavy, rich tubers nothing. In the most energetic Northern -

elder or oil of sassafras professional\ peaches and cream may be consideredas which are the favorites among South communities let a company of

puddering:: And :give her half a teacupful the mark of the,highest civilization, ern people, but the dry and mealy farmers be summoned to work the

of sulphur: in ,a bran mash for 'when the two productions, fruit kinds. If'' the Northern people wishto roads under a local supervisor, and
and milk combined, they denotea pay their money for "poplar roots," one will grin in, his sleeve at' another ,
week the ticks off. ,
once a to poison. !there is no reason why they shouldnot dumping a lot of sand into the'middle '
union of the two best elements in
be supplied. .of 'the road for the next rain to wash
Fruit growers may learn anew the rural Judged by this stand- .. -
economy. --------- '
out Nothing to
important' lesson of the ,necessity of, ard Jackson is the banner county of Fine Work In Fertilizing: will ever accomplished any until purpose?a fundis

sorting. their fruit conscientiously and Florida, as it returned in 1889 50,439 The judicious fruit-grower does not created and vigilant county officials,

shipping the culls distinctly marked bushels of peaches and 420,822 gallonsof seek in his applications of fertilizersfor or, better still, ,State officials, 'are appointed

-asS\iCft: or else keeping;:them at home. milk. Nassau, strange to say, returned -' mere quantity, but rather for fine to supervise the work, with

The of ''Riverside, California, more milk, 442,456 gallons, flavor, delicate texture aqd attractive competent laborers employed by the
growers but,fell far behind in 'peaches. The appearance. Such gross feeders as day, as railroad laborers are. Let a
have been so inordinately flatteredfor orange-growing: counties are poor livers corn and cane will digest an almost road ,tax be levied on every resident ,

several years past by the whole in this regard unless,they obtain these unlimited amount of manure, and do according to his property, and rigidly

Halted States that they lost their luxuries out of .their tin cans.. it with profit up to a certain point; collected in money, never commutedin
4 'but the easily be made to labor. -
heads; 'and a few months. ago when may
the buY.n'made'a proposition to them April 27 we received the Monthly grow so large, coarse and thick. Laws''for the assessment' and collection -
r Bu//dti: from Tallahassee, ,which l was skinned as to have passed its greatest of taxes must be rigid and they
,to accept'ooly merchantable fruit ,at, presumably ground over the cylindersof profitableness and gone down on the must have a penalty; else they are
the station in California, they rejectedit other side. worthless. If a man 'will not work,
with .great indignation. 'In their the\ State press some time during So with cigar tobacco; it is not the neither shall he eat; if he will not pay

they= d-etennizted', teach the April but it is dated in March and large, thick leaf of the Old Florida his taxes, he must lose his property.
anger : gives crop and weather"report for tobacco that will yield the'most money There may be an occasional case:of
dealers .a lesson. They' a February. This, is interesting and per acre to the planter. The small, hardship under'such a law, good deal .or'their fruit, to hang on valuable information, or it was, but it delicate leaf ''of the famous Vuelta seldom in this land of good health and ',

tke trees, ,'las many. of our Florida : 6'no ancient history. This little 'Abajo or Cuba variety, generally large 300 good out door ''working days in

gft.werS did this.year,, until it grew so bantlinj! ,of? the State has our sincere enough to furnish only two 'wrappers, the year. If the'owner.does.not pay ;"'

large as to be 'undesirable.l They good wisasj,,,and we believe it might is much more profitable to the grower his taxes, his property will have to l'
rr i be made a' channel of good to the than' the lower grades which are fit pay them. But how ? By sale, of
got IB,the'sulks with their own, neighbors farmers; but at present it mortally only for binders and fillers. When a course. The State does not want hiS' .,

.and refused to participate in slow. 'It :is'sent! regularly ,in large choice leaf of this variety has been land ; the State Is land-poor "already

the.feeeat ckrus fair+t Los Angeles. numbers to, the county judges, where cured and',is tightly stretched across The State wants mosey; it mast have ..'

'Fly the-befaa'to"'ship their fruit it may be. "obtained. everybody. the thumb reveals a delicate texture .. mQfl y. ThercfQre(l le -whoever will!

,_ Y
:' I

-,' .'." .. -."..... '' ... ,- "-''..'..".\. .-:$..".!..'....,,...',","':....:... '.:-. ...:' <'7\ ", '!:F' .",r lr f Y :
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'_'." _.....,. .I 3_ C

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If buy the land and pay the State the Markets for Florida Produce. New York fruit dealers say this h,n,been ida cabbage In poor condition. ,BeansIn

R money. But, of course, 'there should the ,longest known season for heavy.receipts light receipt and higher. Peas in
of Florida oranges. Sales do not keep pace good demand and higher. Strawberries
It .. be reservations jor: loopholes for the HOME MARKET; REPORT.JACXSOxVILLa with supplies,and many of the high-priced In light supply, good demand. Those

, extremely rare uses where an owner :, April 29. ports are being placed In cold storage., Indian coming In by express are in poor order,prices

: cannot pay his taxes or does not have In the great trade centers of the country, Rivers range at$3@5 a box., Russets the palatable vary. We quote: Florida cabbage, $1L50

opportunity to do so from default and notably In the Eastern seaboard cities, merit of which Is now well understood, per crate; Charleston, 'l.ql.8Florida;
';' of information. the orange market on Floridas continues sell at'123. string beans,$2 5033;peas,$X59$8; beets, $1$

: As for absentees and speculators it weak and prices low, with prospect: .'for a .. 1.25;new potatoes,prime, $798; do. seconds,
better condition during the season. .Mediter- $4fj4.60;tomatoes,ripe i50@3( ;,99
is their business to know the times and 2 0 Norfolk 8040c do.
raneans In the East and California* in the THE BOSTON MARKET. ; asparagus, prime, ( ;
s. the seasons of taxpaying and the laws West are given the preference over' Florida, Bosxoir,April 23. culls,12X<@20c; Norfolk Mtucel@1.50; cauliflower .
, therefore provided; it is their busi- maRY prominent houses'retua1ne,to handle Another car of California oranges was told $4( 5 per crate; radishes, $1(9136( per
Tuesday at auction. The prices realized were 100;; Charleston strawberries,fancy refrigerator -
t ness too if they do not choose to ,re- the latter altogetherr
I ,
trom'I.35@3.75 box. This wide difference ,SOglOoj; do.ordinary, and fair,20o per box.
side in the State to have honest and A few days ago Col. B. F. Wbltner,of Ft per
f Reed, the well-known grower, shipped as an looks very singular to the Individual who -Fruit Trade Journal.
"', competent agents who will see that experiment two cars of oranges to,Boston and has never critically examined a large lot of $' ..,.... .
the taxes are paid at the proper time. two cars of the same site and quality to the fruit. It Is fair to presume that,one box of

The State of Florida can not send Home Market. He now reports that the lat- oranges out of a carload ought to bring Just as ST. LOUIS MARKETS.

word to landowners living five hundred ter netted him 1100 per car more than the much. any other. It emit be remembered i ST. Louis.Aprll 27.
former. t that everything has a market value and that i Florida products are in good demand at this
.or a thousand miles distant :
Yesterday was regular sales day with the In open competition It will bring It. Just so time and going off freely. Tomatoes are
On the"other hand it'is the duty of Orange and Vegetable Auction Company of these oranges-they are all examined critically especially wanted and free sale at $2 to $2..0

the State, county officials, in a land this city. The fruit Is still coming In In con- by the whole trade and the value of box. Florida cabbage did wen he past week,

4 where: so many,- property owners read siderable quantities and none of the houses each box and of each line Is carefully deter- a.eraclngll.50 crate,a big Improvement over
buying at the sales of the company have as mined in the mind of each buyer before the the previous week's figures. However, it is
and live dozen
, no_ papers 'perhaps- a yet withdrawn their representatives. sale,so that at the sale there will be one of the now getting very ripe that It cannot a 2Tord
f j. miles in the depths ,of the piney fruit yesterday sold well up to last quotatloos. many buyers p-esent who will give all It is much profit to shippers any longer In vlow

'. woods, to use' the:utmost'deligence to notwithstanding the, fact that. Northern worth. of the heavy crop In Louisiana and Alabamaand

find or notify every man,, both for markets have gone flat, with little prospect Florida oranges have shortened up a. good now coming so abundantly every day.
\ assessment and collection. of recovering this season-the local and near- deal, but the demand holds good and the Cucumbers are$2 to $153 crate; squash $1.50,
, by markets are now sufficient to take the market remains strong. and beans$50 to $3.50, according to quality,
As to_the statute creating the State quantity offered and they can afford and do Strawberries have been very plenty during condition, etc. All these figures apply to
Board of Health, we' do not-pretend pav more than tbd great market centers. the week and have moved quite freely. Some freight receipts. Oranges still coming In in a

\, to understand the practical: workingsof Jacksonville to-day the best market In the of the lots showed considerable heat and were limited way,$2 to$3 box. New potatoes S3 to
it the remote coast of Florida country. Prime russets In bent! quality, nearly worthless, but the bulk were sold at $7 barrel; green peas, ..50 to 9&50 bushel;
on ,
, heavy, firm and in desirable sizes, bring 12.75; about 25 cents beets, 40 to 50 cents dozen. Sweet potatoes
. and among the smuggling luggers on brights, ditto, $2.7533; fancy stock, ditto, Harris &: Co. told on Tuesday,April 21st, as from Florida will not pay to ship here
the side toward Cuba; 'but this we I&50-must be well packed and fully'up to the follow: Florida oranges, 73c@$3.37}{ per Local crop large and so much more desirable.

hold, that it is the imperative duty of standard to bring these prices. Lots mixed, box;Jamaica oranges,85c@L37; California P. M. KElLY & Co.

, the Legislature to make searching as to size, averaging well. $2 4)1275 big oranges,$1.38 to..15 per box.

'inquiry' as to the effectiveness( of the fruit,lower; culls and"off"! stock not wanted H. Harris' &:Co.sold on Wednesday' ,April QUESTIONS AND REPLIES.All .
Grape fruit,$2@2.75 and wanted. 22d, the cargo of the Ss. Tynchead as follows:
? law, and neglect no detail or 'precau- Palermo oranges,$1 37K1&3.82Jf box and .
i tion that will insure its rigid 'enforcement half box Palermo lemons reasonable questions coming from a
37c@f2.12 per ; ,will be Answered.. promptly.. possible and
for the, protection of the State NEW YORK MARKETS. 'l.6O@t.75perbox;Messina oranges, ;U50$3.40 Replies can not be given by mail.
*.. from' yellow fever. Aside from the per box and 75c@1.8 l i per half box; Messina -
.. NEW YORK,April!. lemons, 87} c9$4.70 per boxi'Catania
purely commercial aspects of the case, 98. YAMS-PHOSPHATE. 1. Can
Oranges continue plenty,very dull and Ir- oranges, |tl.55@3.12{ per box and 8Oc@I115'per
ttiere in anyone tell if the Shanghai or California
intolerable the
is vulgarity
$ an regular. Gilt edge Indian rivers from store half box; Catania lemons, '12.20@4.15 per and the Chinese Yam the
Yam are sameor
J. fact or even the thought this loath. have a light call at about former:prices but box. two different varieties If two differ-
, some disease being allowed to gain a all the lower grades are uncertain and weak, ; Snow &: Co. sold on Thursday, April 23d,a-t ent varieties I would like some one cultivating -

%; foothold in any of our,cities. strawberries, 18.2> cents; beets, 75 cents-to follows: California oranges, $2.90$3 per box; the Chinese'Yam to furnish me
'' 1 25 per crate; cabbages 75 cents to 41.25 per Florida oranges, $1@J.12} per box.-Fruit with some roots to try on poor white
As to we see no reason
crate Trade Journal.
crate; cucumbers, $23150 per ; wax sand.
t I- why the law should not be uniformthroughout beans, | :J1; round beans, ?24;' flat beans, 2. Can any one please give the address

: the Stategiving all counties $1.75@375; tomatoes carriers fl$4, crates, of some soft phosphate company?-H.'

; the same length ,of.t rm. It i is a little 11.7532.75( OLIVIT BROS. BALTIMORE MARKET., GAUD BAY, Pear Bayou, Washington

Q. hard on a race paying say ninety-five NEW YORK, April 28 BALTIMORE, April 23. County.,
; per:cent of the taxes to divide the fund The market rules firm. Of new potatoes ORANGES-FZor&la The local market is Our columns will contain the advertisement -
: Horlda primes, selling at | @7.50i very quiet. Most of the arrivals are light I of a soft phosphate company
with that five.
equally a race only
. pays, seconds, $145; string beans $$J4; tomatoes, fruit and showing decay, and the trade i presently.
But if the negro. convicts, were prop- $fZ50@3; cukes, $34; peas, Savannah, 75 touches sparingly, wanting only sound, small 99. INFORMATION ON FLORIDA.J. .

erly managed they could be made to cents to II l; cabbageI1@I.25i; oranges moving fruit, though the out of town demand holds O. G., DePauw, Indiana. Write to

perform most of the road-work, as a slowly and prices -lower, except for fancy up well. Dlx & Wilkins sold 1000 boxes at I). H. Elliott Sanford, for free maps,
set-off for this,burden. fruit. G. 8. PALMER. auction on Wednesday at from$LW$3.40 per and to L. B. Wombwell, Tallahassee, for

The FARMER AND FRUITGROWERis BUFFALO,N. Y..April 24. box, and will sell again early next week. J. printed matter.

1 :heartily in favor of retaining and Indian river oranges, $5.')8, others J@4; H.Seward &: l'o. auctioned 6CW boxes,on Mou- 100. SHIPPING BERRIES BY EX-
strawberries 20(340( cents; cabbage l@l25; day at from $1.2 $1, most of the sale being at PRESS. \V. H. C., Panasoffkee. Ship-
even, if necessary; strengthening the beans, J@3; tomatoes, JL5033; green' peas from $2.2542.75. They will offer 70J or tOO ping strawberries by express to be put
Railroad Commission. The railroads H.5G@2 50;'pineapples 20 cents; new pota- boxes again on Monday. Grape fruit Is In: into a refrigerator car has not generally

are organized and.strong; the shippersare toes, $5gS;cucumbers, '2 somewhat lighter supply and prices are firm been a success. If attempted, the patch
unorganized and need some BAKER SON & Co. Quotations are as follows: Choice bright should be picked every day,,taking the
176-2008:: ,at l3i; do. mixed sizes$2.2532.75, as to berries when they are about twothirdsripe
as an to
agency attorney represent site; choice russets,176-:>>>>,$275fr-; straight. .
them in the courts and enforce their : CALIFORNIA FRUIT CROPS. lines$S23&); 96-1124 nominal and neglected 101. COMMISSION HOUSES. 'HJ

, If rights. 'It has ,to deal with complicated California again promises to raise an Immense grape fruit per box.$2.5>&:!; do., $ @8 per bbl. E. Hazen. Highland Park. Lilt of best

:',Wt and;difficult questions of transportation fruit crop. Small lots of cherries will as quality. houses[ sent you by mail.

it. and it would seem no more be shipped next week. The peach crop IIspeclall.large. Foreij/u-Lemoni while hive again scored a 102. SOFT PHOSPHATE., Can you

than just that one of the three members The California fruit season marked advance, oranges demand are steady give me any information AS to the resultsof
and unchanged, with a good through
sents the greatest evidence of Increase that applying soft phosphate as advertisedat
should be ,
j a ,man thoroughly out. On Monday. DIE A Wilkins auctionedhe
f with any line of business has ev"r shown in the f 5 per ton, to orange trees. Is it immediately -
canversant railroads. cargo of the bark Pepplna, consisting of
history mercantile trade In one year. The available for plant food or does
: boxes and 3,000 boxes lemons.
f grand total of can of California fruit receivedIn 6,300 oranges It require any chemical to be mixed with
Those who last built silos New York was 743.;or, In all, 14,860,000 The oranges were In extremely poor conditionand it?, About how much should be applied
f year sold at an average of $1.45 per box, while
thicknesses of pounds,a gain of 343 cars In one year. The per acre to ten year old trees? I am thinkIng -
, a writer, using two the lemons, which were also somewhat start
t average price a car gross was $1.4329,or again broadcasting it on pine land. The
;I' board, with half-lap to cover cracks, over last year of 161.19 a car,and A 1th a ed, brought$4 to$4.50. phosphate I refer to comes from Welsh.

and paper between, the whole painted net of J808.81, which Is a net gain: of'$190.14 PINEAPPLES Preparations for the opening xm, Marion county.-T. II. COOKE, Or-

with coal tar, or asphalt put on boil- The total expenses of 573 can, Inclusive of of the season are on foot though no fruit has ando.
iag hot consider that they have solved freight,cartage and commissions,were 1595.48to ret arrived. T U. Schall,a very;large band No results of the application: of soft
: durable silos 612 04 per car. As regards the California l er of Bahama I'ineapples, reports the prospects phosphate to orange lives have yet been
the question of cheap' fruit organizations, the three 'Independent most encouraging for a good season and reported in our pages, though one correspondent -
J as,the lumber'used'need ,not be' better shippers, the Earl Fruit Company, Gregory he expects the fli>t cargo about May IsL A briefly referred to his use of it

than No. i culls, and not,even, planedor Brothers and the W. B Strong Company, few Cuban prae.* have arrived via New York on peach trees. The growers have the
matched.<< The thick paint fills all will,without doubt,ship the Cft'atelt.quanUt7 and sold at$10 to lit jr 100. experience all before them;' they have

cracks makes a, smooth glassy sur- of fruit this.year,as they did last year. The MISCELLANEOUS: VEGETABLES. -General yet to make it. You cannot injure your
California Fruit Growers'Union will probably trade rood. Rl'cetl'.JI| t xcept cabbage, light, trees with it; we should think trees of
face, aad ,is water-proof as well as follow next,and then a large number of local but under the influence of weather warm the size you mention might receive twea-,

,ak-resktiBg, if paper is ,put on between organizations will vie with each, other, for enough 'to whet the taste for a "green"diet .y-fiveor Jhirty pounds apiece. Try some,

,. the boards. -1; supremacy,as regards volume of shipments._ '.the, demand. has .Improved.,. ,Flor. with more, others with leer :

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atrdeIt and LatsftL. and disgusting. This tree, however, NEW :KODAKS. Bug: Hunters.. .,; t'

may be employed with singular",advantage When it comes to bug-hunting the

The Lombardy Poplar. -- in giving life, spirit and variety Leghorns lead the van.. Light, and .
This interesting ,and striking old to'a scene composed entirely of round active, quick of motion,. they are ever

tree has as singular a history 'as' any headed trees, as the oak, ash, etc., "You ress"the on the alert, for bug, worm or,any-
when a tall poplar emerging here and
tree that we know of. thing of the kind that may happen
Its first i importation into England there froni the back or center of the "button,- : their way, or that may chance to run
group; often imparts'an air of eleganceand in around. .
was in the year 1751 when the Earl '-UI' across foraging
of ambassador the animation 'to the whole. It may we do the rest. the idea that '
RochfordAwhile to Following up prompted'
also, from its marked and striking contrast -
court of Turin, on his return broughtin our article of last week: "Chickens in
to other trees, be employed to fix SenD Hew Styles sad Sixes "
his carriage the' first supply that the orchard, we supplement it with
or to some partic- ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Films.
there is record of. the that in orchard
any suggestion, every ,
ular point in the landscape. The For sale by all Photo.Stock Dealers.THEEASTMANCDMPAN.
Another account mentions flock of and
old light
e or young, a active -
is well
Lombardy poplar to
Duke of Argyle imported some statu- confined situations its branches fowls, or several flocks, be quar:-
require -
from Italy to his seat at tered. Games Hamburgs and Leghorns
ary country
less lateral room than those of Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER,N.Y.
Whitton, in Middlesex, who found almost other deciduous are all splendid foragers and bug
part of the package :composed of any hunters. ..
This word in for
branches which on good 1849 a experience with Bermuda who to and R
planting provedthe fashionable but overdone has grass 'upon Ayer, went Italy saw"
tree in question. 'Mr. Sabine, tree alkali soils would be acceptable to you. the Leghorns on their native heath in '1.y
failed to it'and it. be said
however, of the London Horticultural have save down may with the to My attention,was first called, to Ber- the vicinity of of Leghorn, ....

Society, ,was of. the opinion that in old-fashioned gone wooden together Roman muda grass by reading an account of says that for miles and miles on the

this instance, which is more; likely; it pillared' its use in some of the Southern Statesin public thoroughfares leading back.into
houses of the quality of that time and I
came around a, package of oranges.Be protecting and strengthening levees the interior from that seaport,town, .
this as it may, its singularity' of age. and river banks; also of its hay-pro the natives have vineyard after vine- 4

growth and facility of propagation NAME AND FOLK LORE. ducing qualities under favorable cir yard, stretching along the roadside, ..

t soon caused .it to be a pronounced The botanical name is Populusfastigiata cumstances. I afterward' read'an account the vines trained up high from the ,

favorite, and as such it.was'often to be the former'some suppose from of its success upon the ranchof ground, loaded with choice grapes, j

found in front of the cottage home, pallo or paipallo, to vibrate or shake; General B well, at Chico, and and darting about, among,them, hither .s

so much that it got the name of the others'on account of-the frequent use wrote to him, for seed. He answeredthat and thither, chasing the, injurious in- :

people's tree.Indeed of the poplar in ancient times .in he did not think it could be prop sects, great flocks of fowls peculiar to j

the very name poplar is public places in Rome, where it was agated from seed, but from the roots that country and which we call "Leg 4
supposed by the best ,authorities to called arbor populi, or tree of the and stolons. I procured some of the horns.** I

allude to this and to be derived ,from people. Still others derive it from a roots and set them about three feet Pekin ducks are also good,foragers,

sId Rome, spoken of farther on. In Greek word meaning many, in allusionto apart on the, water-line of my ditches, and they can catch a bug or even a
1 localities suitable its growth is extraor- its leaves., In Spanish it is alemo, the banks of which were continually fly on the wing more easily than the

dinary rapid, so much so that, from a from which the word alemeda, the breaking, causing me much damageand chickens can. But they are not so

mere slip of a few inches in length in general name of public walks in old discomfort. The banks are now good as the latter at tearing open

half a dozen years its columnar- Spain, Mexico and Texas has been covered with a close, strong sod.I fallen damaged fruit and unearthingworms.

'shaped mass made it a noted, object, derived discovered that it would grow on .
that, in years after when towering,a In English it has been called cypress the strongest alkali spots, and I soon Bearing orchards; are.seldom] : cultivated i:'

hundred, 'and'fifty feet upwards becamea poplar from its resemblance to that had it growing over the places near at least they should not be, and,

landmark, for miles around. Only tree. Turin poplar, Po poplar,. are my house which were unsightly andas hence they afford,the very space needed .

the female tree was introduced, hencein obviously from its known Italian hard as a brick., These places are for the poultry on the farm."t: "' i
all its it failed becomea home. The name of'poppel grove is the hunters rid of
wanderings to now covered th a smooth green sod Turn bug get ..
naturalized and not unknown in the West and marks the have sound fruit and
being plantedin of Bermuda grass.It bugs, plentyof
all sorts of favorable and the ancient site of some German fresh H. B. GEER in Tennessee
positions, : is early irr the season for me to eggs.- -
settlement around which
unfavorable to its of was plantedthe Farmer.
singularity growth
show of the
large growths ,
you grass
Lombardy,poplar. !' .
it lost it
as suddenly previously acquired .
for it does not start to grow till the .
from its remarkable
its fashion by tree.planters.In l Fastigiata comes LADIES ...
frosts and weather
are over warm sets
columnar style of growth so Needing a tonic'or children who want buildin .
England, however, it .is plantedwhere in. A month from now the grass will i?up, should take \
it is sometimes called.
pyramidallis as ti .
its effects is suitable BROWN'S iRON BITTERS.
to a The old botanists also called it P. be a,foot high with stolons from one It Is pleasant to take, cures Malaria, lad,*.-- ;
greater extent than, in this'country, xestion, Biliousness and Liver ,
dillitala. The lines to three feet long. It does not, like Complaints. .*
: R.
where its,first introduction is equally.well the salt grass it much resembles, *
known-its rapid rise to popular: 'Though heart of oak be e'er BO stout,
spread underground and send The Citron
up grass ,
Keep ID e dry,and I'll see him out,
favor sudden in the old
quite as as
from the of roots but
joints spreads
world, and is yet easily within the have been ascribed to"the use 'of the on the surface, sending down roots'from For the past two or three years Mr

memory of people of.the West as'wellas wood of the poplar, but evidenly] used joints of stolons, thus supporting T. T. Eyre has been experimentingwith
this city,' as'a common and noted years before with reference to the the citron trying to produce a
itself it in
as pushes out, spreading
to that of the citron of
quality equal
tree. Yet to-day' who ,knows of its chestnut.
: every direction from each new base of
He has tried from,
being for market tITS Besides_ other woods the commerce. every
grown many ,
supply or hold which it takes upon the
source to produce the best varieties of
is said have been made'rom
INTRODUCTION INTO THE UNITED cross to ground. On soil that bakes hard after citron that his ,de-
thinking success
the hence of the'aspen
poplar 'shivering
STATES. ; being irrigated, its growth may be
of fruit rather
pended upon quality ,
leaf and the of the
In Me a&es' Pictures of Philadelphia, trembling facilitated by covering such places than upon process of curing. But at tY
i a little old volume first published in poplar, can tbeY'not be seen to this with a thin layer'of light soil or fine last he has succeeded in preparing an
1811 the "The very day? A Scottish popular legendof manure. The fine rootlets at each'
occurs following: edgesof exceedingly fine quantity of dried citron -
this is thus versified
the,pavement are planted in many : I I joint have then something to take hold I from the common Florida citron,

streets with the Lombardy poplar, for Far off in Highland wilds,'tis said upon.It .i and the time is not far distant when
the introduction of which we ,are indebted (But truth now laughs at fancy's lore), is valuable as a forage grass. he will be shipping the candied citron ;

to William Hamilton, Esq., Thatofthls tree the cross. was made, Stock eat it freely; horses particularlike to northern markets. Mr. Eyre oughtto j
Which erst the Lord of glory bore
who them from aboutthe ; it and graze it to the roots and
brought England And of that deed Its leaves confess, succeed, for he is an indefatigableworker Jj
year 1784. They serve not,only E'er since,a troubled consciousness. even paw up and eat the .roots. It and pursues a subject to the

greatly .to'-promote. public health, but Prairie. Farmer.i will not afford as much food per acre end, and we believe from the specimens -,
afford shade in m as alfalfa, but it will where .
summer. grow sent us that he has found out the 1 i
Bermuda Grass on Alkali Soils. alfalfa will not and is nutritious. Asa '
The celebrated Downing says: "The correct process of preparing it.-Ft*
Lombardy poplar is'a beautiful tree At the Fresno (Cal.) Farmers' In lawn grass it is unequaled. Water Myers Press, .
and in certain situations prQduccS'avery stituteas reported by the Pacific does not injure it. Drouth does not

elegant effect; but it has 'been Rural.Press, Captain J. C. Dawes, in kill it Frost turns the grass yellow, .

planted so injudiciously in some parts an essay on the growth of Bermudagrass but does not injure the roots. A few

of the.couatry, in dose monotonous on alkali soils, upon which nothing warm days without frost at night andit BEECHAM'S' PIUS

lines before' the very doors 'of our but alkali,plants thrives, gave the begins to turn green. It stands .&.CT T.Y'Wr"'IR' ........G.ZO 3

houses, and in many places in straight following information that may be interesting tramping upon better than any other all WEAK STOMACH r r2ata. I
' rows along the highways for: miles together to some'of our readers: grass, ,and should, therefore, on account -

to the neglect of. ,cute fine'na- It:has been suggested, to me i in this of this, find a place in every. ; a Bco x
tjve trees, that it has been tfresopiete. ;copnectionl that a statement .of;my play:yard of the public schools, OF ALL DRUCC+6T*. '>- .J '


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'''%.;. .-, f ('I ,'r""" -\J $ .'" ... :' :::", ;>- '-."'.: .,:..,t"'' ','''.:-:::::i"c": ,:; :_\ ':; '. .... ... .:.-:" :.. ..'.., : ." 't,':' -:,"I.... ;r'2'. '1.d 1.h 1.r .
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..,.., ,
r : weather is warm) and let the chile process is due to bacteria in the fluid. Easy Bread-MftTdng. .
;. Our lfJome.,
{uzr' have free,use of 'Its feet and ankles The bacteria have to account for Here is an easy, quick, and sure

:.... -- _.......... The writer stated that the experiment everything nowadays. I am surprised way to make bread which will be -a
,r .' Companionship, Healthful. i.,, had',been'tried' and that it was,Jemi- 'that:.General Booth has not made use blessing to all over-worked housekeepers -

;" There is a,wise old, German-saying nently successful l; that very bad 'bowlegs of them in his new book.-Austral- who try it.
: -:- :t *'Oalya"god:or a brute"can'dwelin had been straightened in that way, asian.; To make the sponge take one large ':'
,.: solitude." Men and, women need simply by removing the encumbranceof spoonful of salt, two of sugar and

\; ; II congenial companionship, both for the footgear and letting the little fellow How to Make Tea. three of flour, and scald them with '

i sake,'of health'and' happiness- Just have .full freedom of action. 'It Put the tea leaves into an earthenor boiling water while stirring them to- (

:as your: lungs,. after using up all the would'be well for mothers to remem- agate ware pot' (never use metal), gether. When the miXturehas be-

.: 'pxygen :jn'a,',close: room,: need .to bfilled < berthis.. -: Good Health. and stand on back of stove until the come cool add half a yeast cake which
t '. .with fresh, out-ofrdoorair: sc l leaves get thoroughly warmed.: Then has been,
. ',your,mind .needs, contact, 'with other Better Try 'Housekeeping. pour on water that has been freshly some sponge left over from your last

k minds, get new ,,ideas., There i is Mr. Bok,. the editor of The Ladies boiled,and which is boiling thorough; baking if it,.is sweet. While this is ;
' such thing;\ as mental as well as physical Home Journal, recently gave some! interesting at the ,time., Let stand on back of .rising pare half ,a dozen large pota-
j .hunger. Herders, on the large figures relative to ,the manuscripts : stove,for about ten minutes, where i it toes, boil them and mash them ,fine, ':

:-- .cattle,ranches of the ,West. frequently received by his magazine dUngI will keep hot but not boil. then add warm water until they are of .

become mad ,from the isolation ,they 90. Owing to its departments and At the expiration of that time the the consistency of sweet cream, and

4, '.are forced to. .endure. Women onlonely peculiar: character, the Journal probably tea will be perfect and,if you desire i ito add them to the 'first mixture. Be

;) 1 farms ,;and .in small, villages; receives more manuscripts than remain so pour off the liquor in careful not to mix the ingredientswhile

, J grow morbid and l mildly insane, and any magazine ,published. Mr. Bok another vessel, so as to separate, i it too hot. It will be ready Cor'use
." people do;not guess that, the cause is says that he received at his office,a from the leaves. The common allow- in a few hours.

want of ,companionship,, total number of 15,205 manuscripts.Of ance is one teaspoonful to each cup, Now to, make the bread, stir the 'p

-. .. .It..;is for this reason .that a,,:woman's these 2280 were poems; 1,746stories but as some perfer more strength than sponge well, add flour ,and ,make it "'
: I+\workat home is always more trying and, 11,179 miscellaneous,arti- others, it is evident that each tea. into loaves.. It will be ready to bake, .,1

.than, that of her ,husband, who goes cles. Of the poems, 66 were accepted maker must decide for herself.whether in one hour if well cared for. This .

). .. ,to,' ,.!tits ofl'ice'sces; new faces, and has ; of the stones, only 21, and of the the teaspoon shall ,be "slack," "even1 is called "Three Hour" bread, but '
the friction that is produced by meet- articles! 410, of which latter, however, I of "heaping." with care it can be made in two hours.

" ,jog other : people.; ,Even ,the farmer over 300 were solicited articles. Thus. In serving, have the cups and cream I find a little shortening makes a great ,

. has more intercourse with, his neigh.borsat it will be seen that of the entire 15,000? warm, and pour the cream into the improvement. If you make bread

the market; or at the:village manuscripts only 497 were accepted; cup before putting,in the tea.-Public often, a little of the sponge may be 4
grocery. than his wife, who may notJee'ariYlo'ne a trifle over three, per cent. Deducting Ledger.: put 'aside for next time before it is '

outside of,her,own family 'from this the 300 accepted articles made into ,loaves.. The Housekeeper. .

_ for weeks., It is,a -great mistake foryoung 'written at the editor's,solicitation, the House-Gleaning HInts. Pineapple*'.*Pudding. s
- married ,to isolate theme net percentage 'of unsolicited ,manuscripts -
people is brought dqwto, When f furniture, simply needs re-, Ingredients: One pint of milk, six J
: ;sclyes. Even if their tastes lead them accepted
it first wash it with 1
oa, quiet life,, they should'make' it ,a 197, or a little more than one per cent. varnishing, ; eggs, six ounces of sugar, six sponge ...
strong soda water to remove every cakes tin of pineapple
' cultivate Statistics such as these show how much a
point few
to' agreeable
"; aJ; utter trash is being written, and the particle of grease, then apply the and three ounces of dried cherries.
\ \ number of persons writing ,who oughtto varnish. If it is badly scratched, the How to, use, them: ,Butter well a pud-

,, ,How Bow, "Legs, are, Made.Mothers ., be employing their time, at ,something old varnish should be removed. To ding mold and ornament the top with ;
do this wash it i with of
spirits am dried cherries and pieces of pineapple;
i' in training.their: little ones else and better.
: to_ walk,seem never; to, think. of,how monia, which will soften it, then put in the sponge cakes (broken in i
it off wash the wood with clear
Rhefirnfvhfarn. scrape pieces), and some more pineapple ;
bones grow that the bones,in a child'slegs .Bee Stings for '
_ ; :
water and rinse it with vinegar. Rub (broken in small pieces); into a basin .. ,
, ) are soft, half-cartilaginous, and Some twelve: ; mopths ago I recommended ;
it smooth with I '
f__ that it:is an. easy, thing"to',bend, them! ; people who, suffer, from / for the sand-paper.When use it No.issmooth put the milk, .the sugar and the eggs;
134' whisk all until the is
the-need of careful muscular rheumatism Well purpose. together sugar J
i .Hence:. being? Qutl&ynghell' : tof get varnish '
of No. .
l apply a coat i ; dissolved then add the of the
! children walk excited beesnest- syrup .
top?, soon, stung by ,a very : '
let it then rub the off witha
dry, gloss to it turn the mixture
pineapple over
of ,them their British bees of Afterwards ;
i or keeping on feet .too, course. ,
bunch of curled hair
I; l loog when ,they are first learning thinking tenderly 1 both; .of bees and remove every the sponge cakes, in the mold, cover ,
of dust clean cloth and
particle a with buttered and steam one
walk. The:senseless conduct of many rheumatic patients, and 1 knowing; that, paper
i their children oamer If the l latter lost their l finish with a coat of cabinet flowing hour and twenty minutes. Chop the
',, parents ,in! urging to the f not ,
\." varnish. No matter how the
is ofItasting the I subcutaneous badly rest of the pineapple very fine, turn '
walk prematurely productive Jives by job, .suggested f
furniture was'scratched, it will now the pudding on to a hot dish, ,place
.i injury.j "Long: before soft injection ,of formic acid,; which 1
'bones 'have' strain is real but cause of look like new, and at trifling expense.To the pineapple round it and serve im.mediately. 'ij
i :otight to any put the not,,, only,. oil floor mix four
upon! ,them; you will,see these poor infants irritation: .of a.bee's_sting. I havemyself of a linseed, thoroughly oil two .-Good Housekeeping. '1
made, to,stand,.and even to, :walk, tried it on a few friends, not quarts raw quartsof
and by: the time they'are fourteen or'sixteen being'rheumatic myself. .They say,it spirits of turpentine and one pint of .,
best "coach The floor. shouldbe :
Japan. :
months old .their little legsHive did,them good., Mostvaletudinaxians ;
clean when the mixtureis The
'1 been bent very ,considerably. say the same of;.their lastvnew; physic. perfectly Superior'remedy [

Pitiful and'permanent deformities produced Anyhow has been,discovered, : ,that a applied.
Here is i recipe for kal-
a good
in, this way are seen on:every 'person "stung" by, our, British bees}is somine Procure fifteen pounds of :
hand. ,Indeed, a person: whose legs ''pr9tect. d" thereby? for ,at, l least ,six Paris white: one-half of r"
have not: t Been> bent more Qr.1 less,'either 'months-after the law and nile. of pound' good tor all diseases
white and one-fourth of
outward or ,inward, 'by fond perental vaccination. Persons suffering from glue castile Dissolve pound the originating tn 3

ambition,,' 'is almost an exception rheumatism are .advised ,..that, :i they powdered glue, in warm water soap., mix it.with. the impure blood ; ,
us. .year let thechild must be in ,to the
among Under a ; stung proportion '
Paris white stir in the and thinto
creep, but do not.let it walk,jselr degree of their malady.. A French the soap with cold the
dom, 'indeed, :stand, and then, only .1 botanist; has recently shown that flowers water. proper The'mixture'should bestirred
-for and from to possess energetic respiratoryand: transpiratory MEDICINE
a, moment; a year : until smooth. ,
eighteen or:' twenty months do'not' encourage < I functions, superior generally! perfectly-. s i -: .

1 ,it i, ,to walk much. still 'less.set i to ,those, of the leaves of the same The sorest means to rid yourself of that dlsressing which ,
1 it,up .o# its feet to make_ it walk._" ,plant:, The assimilation is generally cough is to use Dr. Bull's Cough may always ; ,
Even after: the;legs', are more or less feeble, and 'much diminished by the Syrup. 25 cents.. be relied upon: '
bent, ,\t the' mother might p'aJage..t: intense respiration. The, volumetric' "D1rs. Jones sits at the window all day as
: them somewhat by,.taking i proportion .carbon dioxide, (the old placid AS a May morning,and her five small to give the best :
lands fashioned carbonic acid emitted children play hide ,and seek on the back '
and trying to e.nd. them In ) .to satisfaction,
tain." "No wonder) She uses Salvation
a contrary 'directions or, in .other oxygen absorbed is always small, ,and .Oil for sprains and cuts. is .. ':,
words, endeavoring"' to straightenthem. less than unity., ,. '
.. It is now; contended,that the,.liquid ..TUBKET HASH. Remove the meat A YE R'S ::
J; nave seen ,;another' good hint secreted by the pitcher plant (ncDenEies from the,bones of turkey and cut it into '. ;r a
'lOiD where. A'mOther'whose? child ) is not in i itself peptic ,or
J lid weX g ankles 1 ,. and bow_ :l legs A ,French:chemist and botanist .Pro. ups Mike of the white stoning sauce of the; season turkey Into to taste.neat SarsaparillaCures ; .

fond that'good, pkn,was to"remove f essor Dubois, has recently ,demon- ,oakes,,fry them, and arrange them on.. '
&e fees(or sfcoes and ibclaags;lithe trated that the so-called digestive ke dish around the hash. others;.will t cre ywi"V 10 ;


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Tr--.T.he' Farmers Alliance :\ >

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!,;VOL. 'V.. ': .. "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth .. No. 18
;" : i.' ':i. ." .

.. '. '
yo '
"'.,.TOMSAWYER.StakCoctrlbutor.' ; :; can form some idea of this class of when- person cannot be comfortablein Yes, our people will 'go and will

If'r. ., dublic, men. the shade, and our summer, nightsare spend enough clean cash to pay' off
.. Daniel Webster:OB Currency. such pleasant seasons as we dreamof. the State debt, but I am 'very sure

** Firs t,- as :to, the currency of the 'The Alliance 'has the controllingvote Of.course we have an excess of that more than one-half of our farmers
insect life down here, but that only will be utterly unable to make the trip.I .
,:country.,:,at;all J times, most of the members and can be madeto ''
prevents us from getting lazy in our knew a Marion county' lady who
and ballot
solidly for Alliance
,::important political ,object A sound men and measures. But in this StateI delicious climate; and the amount of left home last year with the remark:
currency is'an essential and indispen. find the Alliancemen as independentof satisfaction one derives from slappingan "I am going North." She went up

,sable security for the fruits industry control as a boy 'on ice, and they aged mosquito or capturing a cor- into Alachua county, and after a
and honest man pulent flea is no small item on the pleasant month came back' better
enterprise.. Every refuse to be led by the nose, in regardto
credit: side of our summer nights. I satisfied than if she had gone to Long
of supporting men and measures to
property or, industry, man
t which would rather kill a flea any time than Branch. 1
who'desires to preserve what' he hon- they. are opposed.SIDNEYHERBERT. allow ,him to make a race track of my Now, the moral of this whole story

estly possesses, or to obtain what he .. spinal column, and the death of an is that we can spend the summer
,";can honestly earn; has a direct 'interest IN TEXAS. old hotel mosquito is a triumph of pleasantly without going a thousand tb
in safe, The Alliance is the school and the human skill. It is true that in' some miles to make the experiment, and we
maintaining a circulating
members are the pupils. In this great Florida homes there dwells an' inde- will save our money for more lasting
-.medium ; such a medium as shall be school composed of or rather of be named in
peers cent bug not to a polite pleasures home. I have concludedthat ,
a real and substantial representative I sworn brethern, the fullest expressionof journal like this one; but I met him I will not go 'North this season,
of-property, not liable vibrate with individual opinion should be al. once in an elegant Philadelphia home but I' shall seek: out the rural Alliance-

opinions, hot subject to be blown up lowed, for error can never ,be, cor- and I was his for eight miserable' man when the melon giveth out its
blown rected in a people by coercion. Let hours, hence I, feel secure in assuringour sweetness and the April chicken is
or down byt e breath,of -
speculation it be the purpose of each member to people that while they may be ripe to die. While some of my good
but made stable, by hold himself open, to conviction, but able at some time to "flee from the friends are displaying their shanks

its immediate relation to that which the on no account should an American be wrath to come," they never will know where thef wild waves thunder on the

:whole world regards' as of a permanent required to lay aside his i views and where,to escape that bug outside of a shore and are filled with the melodyof
: value. A disordered currency opinions for those of others. This at well-regulated home, where eternal mint juleps and the curlew's restless
once destroys 'individuality, the base vigilance is the price of liberty.We cry I shall be putting out potato vines
is one of the of
greatest political of our government, and transforms, us Alliancemen are not going and getting my nose blistered... I
./evils. It undermines the virtues nec- into a set of political imbeciles. Let North this summer because we got don't think it is fair, but such is life
;:essary'for the support of the social us all learn without'let or hindrance.Let nothing for our cqtton last winter and and I who' am called the "sandspur

:system, and encourages ,propensities: everyone be assured that: he is en- we cannot stand the expense. No, philosopher" will never murmur: because

destructive; pf happiness. 'It, wars titled to his individual opinions and to we can't go, so we intend to stay at I I cannot revel along ,the shore
express them in,a spirit of fraternity.If home and set the world a good exam- or the "murmuring sea." But I shall,
;against, industry, frugality;::and. economy the Sub-Treasury plan\ ,is good is
pIe in economy. Then there an- during the long ,summer days, en-
; but it:fosters' the evil spirits of thing let all be taught its merits, and other thing:in our favor; no man ever deavor to sing such Alliance songs to

'.'extravagance and speculation.l Of there need be no fears as to the result; gets a good watermelon in many sections folks assembled beneath the pines ;as

[gall l the contrivances, for cheating the the people will adopt it .when they are of .the North. A poor little old will make them yearn for a per capita
; convinced of its necessity: But, my travel'Stained and shelf-worn Kolb circulation of a million dollars and a
boring classes of;> mankind none
brother, it does seem rather severe on Gem is the best they ever taste, and Sub-Treasury on every farm.
has been more effectual than 'that some of us who have spent years in that won't suit a Florida or Georgia TOM SAWYER.

:which deludes them',with paper'money. the Alliance, because we have not yet Cracker; so 'we had better stay at .

:''This is the most effectual l ,of inventions l learned to endorse and support the home and fill our anatomy with some- "No Time to Read."

,fertilize' Sub-Treasury plan, and to be refused thing good. There are lots of per-
to ,the rich, man's. field In your article on the.above topic
space in our own paper to, discuss the who and will The
sons can go go. strike bed rock. Right there is
.by the.sweat: of the's brow. you
; .poor It this ?Southern
question. right and follow
lawyer will send his family the root,of the ills that afflict the agriculturists
Ordinary' tyranny, oppression, excessive Mercury.. them :when court adjourns. Some to-day. We worktoo, much
taxation, these bear lightly on ,doctors will go. Most merchants will and think too little.V develop our
the happiness of the mass of human- The Stay-at-Home Club. find. it,! the time to lay in their fall muscle and let our brains waste from

ity, compared with a fraudulent cur- The tourists are all going,home and stock and the teachers of our public inaction. We, rely on the brute forceof
rency, and the robberies committed the wild ducks are hunting a colderregion. schools will seek recreation where the our power to contend against the
Even the pretty robin,red- I mists, of a summer morning creep up currency work of active brains.. 'We
by depreciated paper. Our own ,his- breast is leaving us and the hotels. are mountain side or the wavelets of some get left. The longer we rely..on brawn
tory has recorded for our, instruction utting down their force of waiters, i distant lake break in tender melody against brain the farther behind will

enough, and more than enough, of but the wicked flea and ,the companionable along the shore. The city preacherwill we be in the race.. We claim that we

the demoralizing. ncy, 'the injustice .- i mosquito will ,"never desert find ,it necessary to go and the farmers are an intelligent,class and fit
andthe intolerable Mr. Micawber" nor any,other .Alii 'bell of many a fashionable church to sit in the counsels of the nation.
oppression on anceman. In just a little. while. r .will take a rest during the heated Are we? Don't let us deceive our.
the. virtuous and well disposed, ,of a own people will pose as, tourists and term; but the poor circuit ,rider will selves. Are we? It has been apart

degraded paper currency, ,authorized return the visits ofj our' Northern have to fill up to a happy fullness on of the stock in trade of our Alliance

,by law, or in any way countenanced' friends. Now, it is, very nice and watermelon and last spring chickens. orators that the Republicans and Dem-
by government Webster's Works; proper to be sociable, and there are It' may be that some of the editors ocrats send' so few farmers to'tJie
\ some very pleasant resorts off yonder will go too, but that is not probable. United States Senate.' Why don't
Vol. fff
pp. .394 S, Speech on among our Yankee kinfolks; but how They'will go if they get a half a they send more ? Let us ask our
.Bank of the U.. S. many of us are able to 'incur the ex- chance, but that is improbable also. selves. In South Carolina the Alliance
1 pense of such a trip? Very few. That proud and haughty being knownas elected a Legislature and this Alliance
True Alliance Character.IN There are lots of persons in Florida "the Alliance editor" may consentto Legislature elected a lawyer to the

FLORIDA. who toil and sruggle nine months that patronize Saratoga or Cape May, United States Senate. In Kansas the
. I,am favorably impressed with the they may squander the result duringa but I still have my doubts. A few of Alliance Legislature looked the whole

and think the members generally are ; nor do'they find it such',a vast .der away up toward the cool bordersof fit for Senator, so,it elected an editor.
.to be relied on for good service. improvement upon' our climate, 'after Canada, and a very few of these The Alliance members of the Georgia

Having been ten years a constant all. may in a moment of abstraction cross Legislature couldn't find a fit farmer

attendant upon the Georgia Legisla- It does get hot, sometimes, here in .over'the,line, but I am not .expecting for Senator, so they voted for a rail-

ure in the old capitol. ,in Atlanta, I Florida, but there never. comes a day ,anything pf the fcind. road magnate. In South Dakota theN
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y -- - -
; :
> "'Alliance .Legislature couldn't find a only so limited a use as this, will not, no 'schemes or plans repugnant to RICH FLORIDA LANDS.
; farmer in that State' of farmers fit for in these days of world-wide com- those sound principles of political
Senator, so they elected a preacher. merce, long'suffice to bridge the diffi- economy which should govern all civ-
In Illinois the three Alliancemenheld culty of a scarcity of real money in ilized nations. It is simply that the
,the balance, of power and cast the eyes of the people in the world. people shall send men to Congressand
their vote with one old'' party, and The making money, however, out to the Legislatures pledged to cut
elected a lawyer against a member of of any of these varied'metals or even down every,extravagant appropriation, .
; their own order, who ''was'' :supported out of paper itself, does not sacrificethe and to prevent the perpetration of jobs
__. 'by: the other,old party. At this rate, principle that the only money had and plunderings. Return once more
1 how long will;.it take the Alliancemento by the government comes from the to the expenditure of 1860, or to
i. introduce considerable element of people, for the metals cannot be, ob- something approaching the figure
! actual farmers into the United 'States tained for coinage purposes except then deemed sufficient, say $3.00 per
., Senate? I upon' payment of their value out of head per year, and let the remainder
The fact,is,..Bro Vason; we are not the taxes of the people, and the paper of the money remain jn the people's
,fit for a business'which 'we>have not money'depends for its value upon the pockets.-Southern Planter.
taken the time to ,study., If we are ability of the people: to pay the taxes ,t ,i :;:'-- -b
: to take the 'high places in the State necessary for its redemption on presen Ideas from the Halifax. ;.
and nation we must fit, ourselves for tation. Preamble and resolutions adoptedby
them. We must work' less and ,think Bearing these facts in mind, the Halifax Alliance No. 574, Day- Farmers Stop and Think.

& and study more. true remedy for the present stringency tona, Fla., April 10; 1891: I WHY Spend the,best years of your
We can't,afford to keep our $8 a in money is to insist that, the govern- WHEREAS, We believe ,it to be the life cultivating the soils oi the frozen
day man doing $i a day work. That ment shall not take from the 'people duty of the government to provide a North and West raising crops on which
1 ,is not business. If one of the I in the way of taxes ''more than is absolutely sufficiency of money to protect the the freight is often not realized, when
\ former among us' he is not: wise to necessary for the most econom.. interests of the people by giving them you can buy land from the undersigned,
spend all.his time at chopping cotton ical administration of the governmentof i facilities,for traffic and commerce and rich and fertile as any known lands,
that can:be as well done by the latter:. the country. That this principle)j that protection of government which and where you can raise a crop that the
j '; So we must study and ''think 'anq has been widely departed from, and does not afford) the citizen immunityfrom United States Government will pay a
keep our ,heads clear and our minds that the money of the'people has been penury and want when he toils BOUNTY of$100 on-each acre.
t active. 'We must study social, moral, extravagantly drained fromthemin : and earns a competency is a fraud, a HOLD On, this isn't all You can sell
I' financial l and political l subjects'as wellas the way of taxes and duties, no one swindle and an imposition, and that the said crop right there in your home
agricultural. We happen ;to be reading the 'reports of the appropria the money obtained from him by tax- market for $250 per acre. You ask for
living,in a world where a part' of the tons{ of the last Congress can for one ation is secured under false pretence the "How" and the "Wherefore."
, people do that,' and if we neglect moment doubt. When it is seen that 'and that the public duties dischargedby : Quite right-facts and figures count best.
: they .will leave us' far behind in the during the two years of its existence it him under his fealty and,allegiance Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.
; ,race for financial,:political and all other appropriated no less a sum than to' said government are obtained by
: preferment ; $1,081,279,471.92; a sum exceedingthe fraud; and, TO OLD Farmers and careful perus-
"* Yes, 'Brother Vason,' we must take: national debt by nearly $300,000- WHEREAS, We believe that in a ers of papers, the fact that there is now
F time to read, and in' my humble opinion 000, the wonder is not that the'people democratic government the people established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
I the'chief benefit of' the Farmers' have so little money,' but that they themselves make and administer the St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale

. -Alliance in the past and,to:,be in the have any at all to spare for anything laws; and, news.Ve, are talking to all our
:' ,
has set us to 'thinking. Let;us keep' This;sum gives for one year's expenses ernment, both State and National, is cheaply as com, and Uncle Sam will
" up a'thinking-it'is,urging us to-read.' $540,639,795.96, which, divided no longer a democracy, but that it has pay you a bounty of two cents per pound
!Let us read more. ,Let our: reading' amongst' the 63,000,000 people, makesan become an oligarchy; and, on the manufactured sugar. The St.
'be not'only more but/of a wider range. 'expenditure per head-of $8.58, or, WHEREAS, We believe that the ,Cloud plantation in Osceola Co.., :Fla.,
Let us read ,Alliance 'papers'and the for the average family $42.00' ''per lawmaking power should be curtailedas .averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
,other side too. How can.a jury de- year. ''In 1860 the expenses- of the to our representatives and vested acre last year, and,, it will, go 5,000
,cide understandingly, a' case if it only government were about $2.I6, per more in the people; and, pounds this year.METHODS .
,hears,one'side?' head, or a little over $10 'per family. WHEREAS, We believe and assert ? This isn't .the only big
The farmers are, the ,State and National Is.there not here then an explanationwhich most emphatically that the people chance of your life, however. The
jury by whom, in'd great measure in itself goes far to show the and not their representatives. are the cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee -
all public measures are tried. ,A cause of the present hard times, and government: is to become an assured, profitable
farmer who works at the, plow twelve the remedy? Resolved That in order to simplifythe fact. There is no richer or better
hours and does the,chores Before and But even this does not exhaust the laws and make them more satis- truck and market-garden lands in the
after has no''time to hear'the evidence.'' drain upon the pockets of the people, factory the people should take the di- world than the land on the rich over-
f He is not fit to',pass judgment on'public for to this sum must, be added the rection of their public affairs more flow, or bottom lands about Kissim
questions. "He has'no time to State and county taxation. For this. into their own hands. mee. Write for confirmation, to CoLA.
read State we estimate together at not less : Resolved, also, That we request the K. McClure, editor Philadelphia
)Keep it .before your readers; engrave than $4',570,087, being equivalent, Sub-Alliances in the State to considerthe Times, who has personal knowledge.Then .
it on our banners. Hang it on for our present population of 1,655- propriety of instructing their dele in lands for orange groves, or
the outer and'inner walls., That whenever '980, to an annual taxation of nearly gates to their next Legislative Councilto groves already cultivated, \ or bearing> .
the farmers of the 'country-by.reading $3.00 'per head, or for the average petition the General Assembly of I can satisfyyou that your best interestslie
and, thinking-have: become, !.family $15.00 per year. It, should the State of Florida to enact a law in seeing me before any one else.
:fitted for' United States Senators, then also be borne in mind that here in this requiring all future acts of that bodyto BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness l -1
they will" be 'found ,by Republican or State this'average ought to be consid. be submitted to a vote of the people. and beauty of Kissimmee
'Democratic 'or even Alliance pohtl'cians erably increased ,by reason of the'factof before they can become laws. have been questioned. No'
as readily lawyers, preachers, the large proportion, of ,colored Resolved,further That copies of the never consumption -
editors, railroad magnates and ,Na- people-nearly one-third of ,the pop- foregoing preamble and resolutions be diphtheria Jn, no fact read our, no medical pneumonia
tional bankers'are'now.-:; DUDLEY W. ulation-which pays little or nothing furnished the FLORIDA DISPATCH, ,
I ,Beautiful villas or
ADAMS, :in Tallahassee AUi znte. towards State or National taxation. I Florida Agriculturist and Alliance- report.
lots suitable for residences. Write
But leaving this out of the calculation Herald for publication.WM. .
for terms and particulars.
) A Cause of Hard_ Times. we have a total of National'and State TROY, J. C. KELLER,
The 'one fact which needs ,to be taxation together of $I x.58 per'head, Secretary. President. COME SOUTH, And get untold
brought home to the mind of the or close upon $60.00 per year per fam- These resolutions would have been quantities of the grandest climate in
is Calculated this basis the, last week but the world free with each acre of ground
-people that the National Govern ily. on sum published they were
ment has no. money but thai which it annually taken from this State alone in sent to us without signatures and had purchased. Come where you can UU
te&tsfrem the people, which: created it. taxes amounts to $I8, I5,780, by far to be returned to secure them.-ED. the soil twelve months in the year.
It k true: that It has the' power to the greater 'proportion of which is At least write to me.for full particulars.

make current as,money either gold, paid' by the farmers, CATARRH CURED.A WK. CANNON,
silver, nickel or paper, or for that Can we wonder they are poor ? It clergyman,after yean of suffering from Eistimmee, Fla.,
forthe land of the DlMtoa Companies
that loathsome disease Catarrh and Agent
matter. iron or even' baser materials is truly an appalling amount\ and one trying every known remedy at fast. found vainly a for the Associated Railways lands,and the
but outside of gold and silver, it, 'canmake which, unless reduced,. will undoubtedly prescription which complete cured and lands of Klftslmmee Land Co.
saved him from from this Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trucking .
BO money which beyond the 'ruin the people? ,of the country. dreadful disease sending a self-addressed fruit, grazing, timber, general farming,'
1i 1its.ofthe country.will 'purchase or The remedy is in the hadsa of,the stamped envelope to Prof.J.A. Lawrence,88 and home land Send for map showing
Warren ..treeNew York. will. receive. ,the : .' :," .. .- ,
and needs the of lands, '
for and '
pay: anything ; money- braving people, pplnication' recipe free of charge. ,



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The Bugle Screams.:: r gregate by the thousands. The-hunt- has passed they, ,will. either be compelled : of that and would be coming back
,- ers are already locating these rookeries to become citizens of the i home again. But,f made.up my.mind
I ant the American Eagle, where the birds lay their eggs ; and United,States or sell their land. that I .would,never go back-I would
.And my wings- flap together.' even after the young are hatched the The opposition to alien ownership succeed. ,I }had health, the power of
Likewise ,
And I eat,banana 1 roost high raw., hunter kills the old ones by the hun has been gathering volume for the applying myself and, I suppose, a fair
Rome may rit'on her dreds and thousands, ,all for a few past five years. The Alliance legis amount of brains. .
Seven hill and bowl : ,- ,- cents of the filthy lucre. The wild lators believe that the money which is I came to ,Philadelphia with ,$3 in
,Butaheoaunot. does are now,dropping their fawns, sent out of the State reduces the circulating my pocket I found,board and lodg-
Sit on me while the hunters many of them are medium. There is an intense ings for.$2.50": and then ,I got a placeas
la Will,her she organ please and put grind that It? killing them simply for the skins. opposition to everything which flavorsof office boy for'$3. That gave me,a
I am,mostly a bird of peace, One hunter told me that he had recently landlordism. A bill was introducedin surplus of fifty':cents. week. I did
And I vat born without teeth, killed'a doe with two fawns. the Senate two years a'go which not merely do the work that I was
Bat Ive got talons. Surely, Legislature should move was intended to restrict alien Jand absolutely required to do, but I did
That reach from. the storm- in this matter. Such men as Hon. ownership, but it had no confiscatingclause all I could and put my heart into it.
Beaten the golden coasts shores of,the AtlanticTo of the Z: King and Hon. S. Summerlin, ,and did not affect those, large I wanted my employer to feel that I
Pl eid.PaMflc, members of the State Legislature,. are land holders who have already in- was more useful to him than he,expected -
And I ate the Rocky Mountains thoroughly conversant with these facts ,vaded the State. The Republicansare me to be. I was not afraid to
As whetstones to sharpen' them on. and surely could,do something. Can't as intense in their opposition to clean and sweep and perform what
I,never.cackle,till_ I you, Mr. Editor, give the Legislaturea alien land ownership as the Alliance.It might ,be considered by some young
And Lav,'an I point egg; with pride few punches in the short ribs, and was declared against at the Republican gentlemen menial work
To the eggs I've-WJatd force them out of the old ruts of do State convention, and the bill and therefore beneath them. ,I did '
In the last hundred years or so.. ing nothing and not follow in the which'passed the Senate required non- not think it beneath me- then,.and I
I'm' game/rom 'f':' footsteps of their blundering prede- resident aliens to sell within three should not now. If it were necessaryI
The point.of my beak '", ., cessors. It is high time something. is years. would sweep out my office to-day,
To the star-spangled"tip ,' """ .' being done.-Ft. Myers Press. The bill as amended and passed and I often carry bundles. ,But the
Of tall feathers, .
my ., five :in which find other to ,to ask
And when I begin ..',', gives years to a day youth came me
To scratch gravel, ',/V-, ::' Alien Landlordism in Kansas. purchaser, and the confiscating clause if I could '!find some employment for
Mind 7our.e1 !, '< ?;"l The,sections of the State which have provides that the money realized by him. His father had died, and his
I'm the,Cook of the Walk" ",",.;;_ ..", ., been the greatest sufferers by drouth, the State from the sale, if the owner mother could not support him and he
Goddess AUdtheUenblrdoftbe: .' have been the most revolutionary in does .not find a purchaser, ,shall be wished to support himself. I lookedat
:The only pUln&eeoUir', .> their ideas concerning financial and paid,into the State treasury subject to him and saw that he :had on very
E plurlbus unum land legislation. The fear that loan the orders of the person adjudged entitled nice clothes.and kid gloves. asked
On,record. : and investment companies would; fore. to it.-N.: y. Herald. him i if'he would like to.wheel a wheel
I'm an Eagle from Eagleville, close on the farms, upon which barrow He seemed surprised and '
With. a scream'on me that make.Tbund'er .- mortgages were held, and operate themin The Kind of Man. answered that he didn't think he would

Dropping sound cotton like common is accountable in a large ,:An. exchange remarks "that the like that. Then I asked him if he,would
'On'a'still morning, measure 'for the Alien Land Owner- sharpest test of a, man's character is object to carrying bundles. 'Well; he
.And my present address ship bill. 'Western Kansas has been in his treatment of what is in his power wasn't anxious to carry bundles, either.
Hall Columbia, populated to a great,extent by land ,and wholly below l ,him. Motives. He was like many young men who
U.&A.U!! corporations operating through foreign self-interest are sufficiently strong and talk about wanting work but when lit
See York .
> -New Sun.t agents. There is very little money in numerous. to ,produce irreproachableconduct comes to the point they want to:do
For United States ''Senator.' circulation: : Many of the men; who towards superiors or equals only kid gloved sort ,of work I must
Editor'of the Alliance Department: ,were: instrumental in populating the strength or knowledge ,station.or, say I don't have much sympathy with
As you-haveallowed various'expressions State have transfered their affectionto wealth, .,or intelligence. They have it that sort ,of feeling. Men are all
of preference 'on this subject, different fields. Those who still in their, power to defend themselvesfrom brothers, and what is worthy of one
please' allow me 'the same privilege. I r .ql.their land, and have developeda our attacks, ,to bring us to account .- is not unworthy of any one. The Bible
That preference is'the present"head of ,_,tenantry,! have drawn upon ,them for our! misdoings, to resist in- says that it is what cometh.out of the
the State Experiment Station,' Rev. 'I selves the fight of the Alliance. Nonresident juries .to reward benefits. Much of mouth that defileth a man. It is not
James P. De Pass, that' iuged'old': ,aliens own between 16,000 ,,what, renders our lives'valuable is in work, but character, that can be dis-
Methodist parson, who, in, jus latter t I,and, 20,000 square miles of land in their,hands to bestow or to withhold. creditable.-GEORGE W. CHILDS,' in
years'has been !preaching peach est;on this State-more than one-fifth of the When, ,therefore, we so order our.conduct New York World. .
earth and the best --varieties for mankind acreage yof' the entire State. The ,as to conciliate,and please,those .
) ';;" a-man without fear 'and without tenant! system developed _has occasioned who can thus control our happinessand The Boy for You. ; ,
reproach who has I labored ,much much of the stringency in welfare, it may be a token of in-
r. for the.good of his-fellowmen, ; an Old finances:in the West The county of ,telligence but not necessarily of noble When I find a boy that raises,pop.
Hickory type of farmer ,whose maul- Decatur,, situated.jn the district which character. When, however, we come corn, or chickens, or honey, or straw-
and yfedge \ would applied for seed corn, seven-eights ,of into relation with those who have no berries, or onions, I just like to take
dignity .to the ,farmers'craft on the the land is owned by nonresident such power, who must accept without that boy by the hand and claim relationship -
floor of the'United States Senate. aliens.\ The largest individual alien appeal ,what we,shall choose to give ; and when our great nationof
B. C. land;l owner is William Scully. His them,,who have no more substantial people get to where they can offer
Jackson County, ,Fla. tenants are required to, pay eight per reward to bestow than gratitude or the boys encouragement in the way,of
i. i cent on the estimated value of their affection, and no severer penalty than good, prices, we are on the road 'to
Sportsmen are here l having much farms, keep up the improvements and secret and impotent wrath, we show better things; I allude especially ,to
sport.. The alligators along'the river pay the\ taxes. There is a provision something of our true selves by the the boys that go out in the fields and;
and lakes are sly and lie flat on 'the in the rental contract which preventsthe way in which we treat them.-Cali--work far themselves under God's clear j.
bottom to save'themselves from the voting of any tax whatever for fornia Fruit Grower. i sky, instead'o{ hanging around the
unerring. rifle--to show his, head is school purposes or other improvements. > 54 factories, begging for,a,chance to be
:death. The 'gator, whose saurian In Marion county Scully owns 52,000 Don't Be Afraid of Work.It "bossed" by somebody.-Gleaning.
majesty, has'held the'river soy long 'as acres of I land in one body. The heirsof is well, in my opinion, to accustom .
his private domain. : is'rapidly'losing Sir George Grant own io6oooacres one's self early to work and not One by one the Western mortgageand
his prestige and his days are numbered. in one body in Ellis county, and also beafraid, of any kind of work that is investment companies fail, bring-
"While, we cannot complain I large bodies of land in.other parts of honest and useful. I began to support ing disappointment.and loss to thou-
much at the departure of the 'gator, the State. These lands are peopled myself when: was twelve years old sands of their dupes in the New Eng
it is a< sad thought that ,the beautiful l with. Bohemian and Swede tenants. and I l Have never been dependent ,on land States. Last week the Winner
birds of soog'.and plumage; the deer, In many,counties where there are large others since then. I had some school- Investment Company of Kansas City,
the most innocent and beautiful:of all ;alien land ownerships the tenants have ,ing but not, much; I never went to with palatial offices in New York and
. .animals whose:meat is the most delicious complete control of the townships and ,college, not because I did not think a Boston, made an ,assignment and
l together with the wild turkey, school districts, and as ,their contracts 'college career might not be ,a good acknowledged its inability to, meet its
are going, ,and ere long, unless there will not permit of voting taxes for thing for those who could afford it and promises. True, there are still solvent
. < js some 'rigid<< protective, law passed school purposes, the public school who could make a good ,use of it, but and reliable companies which have
:. and well executed. Florida's charms system is a farce: The White brothers because I did not feel that it was so conducted their business by legitimate
and attractions will be wonderfully ,and other large land owners who important for me as to be earning my methods, but far 'too many of these
diminished, if not entirely 'extinct., operate their own farms are more own living. When I 'left home to schemes have been purely speculative
:The bird*of plumage are now' 1 building liberal in their ideas concerning public come to :Philadelphia one ,of my rela- affairs, unworthy, ,the. patronage and
, their nests,..where they will, GRa improvements, but; under the law that tives'said I would soon have enough support of confiding.investors. -w.,



_, .' "'"'";,,,., .', :.r... ..J' ._" '''': ...i:'::;'' '. :" .i ...;.<..... ..... .."' .j.H..G.: .:.'.. ''' A-' '-' '__.......... .o1!r.i l-::: ... _w>>- .,,...i ,'.iJI'.' _.....- iI.'>. ..t'



.':, \::,:T' Sow to'Court; a Wife. I "Why, Polhemus I Do you fibres. The ground cannot be stirredtoo -

Polhemus" Diltz:set his lips firmly I biscuits better than Bridget's ?" often, as it prevents evaporation.When .

together, says the Chicago Tribune,' "I never eat anybody's:biscuits,but the cotton is always locked together

buttoned' his coat, and ,started for I yours if'I can help it." I in the rows it is a good plan to

home. I "Oh; Polhemus 1" run a board sweep once or twice

"It was as much my fault,as hers," Mrs Diltz came nearer her hus- through the middles between the rows.

he muttered, '"that when'r.went home band. For the first. time in eleven If the worms put in an appearance

the!!. other day with'the idea of courtingmy years she threw ,her arms about his about July or August, I think it paysto

'''wife, I didn't seem 'to succeed. neck but nobody has any business to poison them with London Purple,

I ought"'to have'known better than to .be intruding here. Please retire. using one pound to the acre, and

bother her when she was picking the applying it in the powder, but it,must

pin-feathers off anoldheh"and: Bridget "It isn't such a thundering hard be done in time. When the cotton I

..,> was taking'an afternoon off. I. won't job, even for a married rhinocerosof opens always, as soon as possible, Florida Central and Peninsular

! '. make\ blunder like that again.11 eleven years' standing, to court his pick it-you gain in quantity, qualityof

About- half an hour',,afterward Mr. wife if he only ,knows how to go at it ,fibre, weight of lint and almost RAILROAD

1, m. Diltz entered the family mansion., right," said Mr. himself as he always in price.-Farm and Ranch. THE FLORIDA TRUNK LINE

i went about the house the .
same eve- I
sitting- ((Formerly F.R.& N. Co.)offers Increased
= ning'at;a late hour locking up thingsfor Consumption (Cured. facilities this season for travel to Florida,
a:.chillv'day; he threw a'package carelessly the night. An old physician,retired from practice,bad connections having In addition the LOUISVILLE to Its old and A: NASH popular
into the'fire that burnedbrightly e < placed In the his formula hands by of a an simple East India vegetable misBionary VILLE R.R. at the River Junction and the
; in'the'grate. Cultivating Cotton. remedy for the speedy and permanent cure! Hnwannee River route to Florida: ),arranged(
"What is that.Pblhemus?" inquired -Having been born and, raised on ,a and Consumption all throat,and Bronchitis.long affections Catarrh also, Asthma a positive fora new route from tbe West and,Northwest -
via Montgomery,Bal abridge and Monti-
I Mrs. Diltz somewhat farm and made all, life and radical care for nervous debility and ,
sharply. ; my living my;: : all nervous complaints. Having tested Its cello carrying through sleepers from CINCINNATI -
r r -"Nothing' but my pipe and cigar by the cultivation of the soil,,I read wonderful, curative powers In thousands of The road TO has no less than
cases and desiring to relieve human suffering -
case, he replied with a yawn. "I've WIth' considerable ,interest your prize .I will send free of charge: to all who wish Seven Points of Connection With
sworn off from smoking." offers with regard to the culture of It.this recipe In German, French or English
wlthTull directions for and the North
:- Mrs: Diltz, \looked pleased, but said corn and cotton, and more especiallythe Bent by mall, bY addressing. with stamp using. ,
naming this paper. W.A. NOTES,82 J PowerslBlock namely Fernandina,Callahan Jacksonville,
latter for Saul stood
nothing' as' King ,Rochester,N.Y. Live Oak,Lake City, Montlcello And River
''It will save me at least.'$roo a head and shoulders: above the other a i- Junction} making comfortable connection
with Chicago Kansas City and all northern
'jekrj; Mary Jane," observed'Polhemus: Hebrews, so does cotton stand among About the fibre factory are piles of cities, for which this road is specially ins

with',another yawn, as he walked the other crops of this State. There- refuse matter left from the stem of the augurated.

_ aimlessly about the room' with his fore, I think you could not have: hit palmetto after the fibre is extracted. The Florida Central

r hands"in his pockets, "and the habit's upon a better plan for the promotionof Gardeners about town have been using and Peninsular Railroad

i i', i a nuisance anyhow" the agricultural interest of Texas it for fertilizer and much of it has been finest Is the greatest of artery Flprlda of, travel through the
"It certainly is," assented Mrs. than,by making these offers and thus used at the factory in filling up the four counties-Gadsden, traversing Jefferson,,twenty Duval.
I Diltz.. "I'm method from farmers Alachua Lake, Leon Snwannee Nassau,
glad you've quitiCI causing
every marsh. Dr. Loomis noticed that it Levy, Orange, Hlllsborongh Waknlla,
1 yo 'IJ'only' stay quit." cultivating'' different varieties of soil, wrought great change in the character Columbia, Clay, Marion Folk Manatee,
Madison, Baker, Bradford, Humter, Her
1 i :Mr.; Diltz continued his aimless in different latitudes, to be broughtout. of the soil and decided to send nando and UeSoto--In, their richest portion.It .
walk about the room. Presently he some to the agricultural department runs through the MIDDLE FLORIDA. RK-
aIoN OF HILL COUNTRY where are the fine old
: broughtup'in front of a small closet *| p for analysis. He has just had a report'

t, that'he had been in the habit of,hanging When the time comes to plant, upon it, from the department and learns Farming Lands and the New To-

# .his, ,smoking cap and 'smoking from the 20th of March to the ith that besides the seven per cent of bacco Farms

{ jacketHe: ,opened it, took those of April, which varies with the differ tannic acid it contains, there is also reached by no other line), some of them
conducted on a large tcale. Clete are Quincy,
: garments! put; and inspected ,them. ent latitudes, situations and varietiesof !threeper cent. of phosphoric acid and Tallahassee: (the capital), Monticello, Madison -
; ,HWhile L about 'It' he said, soil harrow should be and other,towns,from whose comfortable,
: am a or sweep 3.64 cent of potash. 'This combination
per ample dwellings, reposing In a fertile
J ''I'll: !l make a clean job of iL I'll hang run on top of the beds ridges to makes it valuable for fertilizerand country,is coming a renewed energy to employ *
; these i in the woodshed and the kill all weeds that have tne, resources lavished about them.
things: : young the tannic acid may first be ex- Htretchlng. down through
:i next-tramp that comes along? can have sprouted, but are not yet perhaps tracted and Utilized without depre- The Peach, Countryof

them. You can use ,this closet for through the soil. I prefer a ciating its value as a fertilizer. Baker, Bradford,Alachua and Levy counties
I I: anything you like. Seems; to, me,'' board sweep, an inch and a half deep, fernandina News.DJSDODSia. ,through the prosperousStrawberry

{ continued Mr. Diltz, resuming his on the top of the beds, and follow Farms
nonchalant walk about,the and with in of LawteyStarke and;W aldo, rhap'lUperfor
j room, the planter the center of the in profit to the orange grove-it goes through
r f extending his stroll, into the"room adjoining -, track made by the sweep. This insures the heart of the btate, penetrating, tome of
is tho bann the finest'having
\ "we don't have more than a clean seed bed and also gives e 7OOOO Full-bearing Orange
about half enough closets in this aclean stand of cotton when itcomes .
' of die present generation. It I*for!<. Trees,
house. IfIwele'buildin'g'a house for up, as the sweep kills the young j care and It* attendants Sick Has* passing for nearly a mile between them-
human .beings to live in I'd put in weeds, and the cotton coming up. directly aebe,Constipation and Piles,thatTutt's making Its way southward to the Gulf,and to

fifty of'em. Now, here's a place: un- after is boss of the situation. the all portions more tropical of tne Slate portions It, reaches.points of the State.of In

der;this stairway where could have a The big boiled varieties,of cotton> .are Scenic interest.

good!, large closet 'made. I supposeyou'd the best for the average farmer. It is Pills Wakulla Springs In the West, the Suwannee
River, as beautiful and romantic',as it ,,Is
it also the wisest
object to to enough
though. plan plane famous,Mllver Springs, io tbe lake region,
""No, I wouldn't," ,responded Mrs. seed to insure a, perfect stand. As and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings

Diltz, warmly. "It would just, suit soon as the cotton is well out in four .have p..dllr become and ao gently faraoua.on be They dlreatiYCrrama ,ad pleasant homes of rolling in green land groves Interspersed,sloping down with
\ me,, Polhemus." leaves it pays to thin it. When this ,giving tbem tone and r gorse to the clear lake fronts.. By means of this.
/ ulBtlate food.No griping Baaaaa.Sold road you can most readily reach the
} "Well, I'll have it done.", And is done it grows steadily and soon :Everywhere. Hunting and Fishing Grounds.The .

s, \ Polhemus kept on yawning, and strolling makes a strong, stocky plant, and settler will find on the line of this. 'roada
i, *' ,leisurely through the rooms. does not spindle as cotton that is left officea9& 41 Park PlaceN.Y. greater opportunity for a varied selection of
land than on other road in the Mat6-
[ NVThere are half dozen other too long without thinning often'' does. from lightest any soils to those underlaid with
**. places," ventured his, wife, somewhat I like to leave the plants from sixteento |N CASH clay and marl, 'and of richest hammoek:
$5.000'.00 whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
timidly, "whereJ, should like to have: eighteen inches apart in the row. PREMIUMS.None dairy farming, peach or strawberry"culture,

i L .' closets built, or shelves put'up, while'f .I Directly after the cotton is thinned t eel than >$30.00. Contest closes May 31.1891. orange The groves tourist and will vegetable be gratified gardens.with its
f "' you are about it." run around it with the sweeps, dirt- See Best WKXKLYKKQCIRKB paper in!:United States.for particulars. Samples free.. scenery. The health-seeker on its ample
JOHN R. MCLEAN.Publisher Cincinnati O. route can find some spot adapted to his
t. ,?'All'right You caQ have all you ing it up a little to prevent: its falling wants. On the hard clay roads of Middle
',;/L. want." down but plowing shallow. In ten Florida the honeman will 'ride with speed
t i KOBN HBENS' and satisfaction, and, the Florida Central
: Mrs. Diltz went behind a door and or twelve days give it another shallow and Peninsular is theSportsman's

40 j.j.hugged;; herself. Mr. Diltz.continued plowing with the sweeps to prevent I STEAM -:-BOTTLING-MYORKS. Route.

!I ./; to walk about unconcernedly. weeds and, grass getting a foothold. J. H. KORNAHRENS, Proprietor, NOTS Passengers from Northern connection
having tickets over the Florida Central
. ,?|:: "What-what,will-you like for dinner Now go over it again with, the hoes, Manufacturer of and Peninsular to points in Houta Florida
! -,- this'evening, Polhemus cutting out any. bits of grass that) may Soda Water,S'arsaparlUa, GingerAle have the over privilege the Company's of being taken line and into alloweda Jacksonville .

1 ** "Anything, Mary Jane-anything! have been left at the first hoeing. ,SeUzer and'Syrups of stop-over within the going limit of the

, :-I don't know'but I'd like,some hot After this plow it over as often as pos all Kinds. ticket free,with of return extra their route Send for for destination map of-

\ biscuits, only-" sible, with or without rain, but espec 49"Sole Agent for the P. W.Cook Brewing Florida,mailed free.
'Go's Pflsener Export Beer,in pints and half-pints. A. O. MAC DON ELL,O. P. A.Jacksonville.
rain remember
". "Only what ? ially after every good Fla.
'"Bridget doesn't know, how to make ing to cultivate shallow and always 72 EAST BAY STREET N. 8. PENNINQTONTrad4cMaaager.; ,

:good'bcuit." ,"' 4'w' with sweeps, so as not to break the Mayer & Muller Block Jacksonville:' D.E.MAXWELL;Geaeral Manager.
i T .

.. ;.',. ",os ".' r .
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," _-""_', "'i:;< < .. _. ... '.- 'cl__. ..:.. ''-I' "';'.0/: .5

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{ t-<>F THE-: : this column, adrertlae- .T.GRoWbi
menta Insure must be insertion accompanied In by the money. L'- ...;;=--I1 Jl fARMRSIWAyCIsaootroatssatawastae./ IIAIE .

Purity "Oil .Company. AdTerttoements must not exceed flfty word 1l\It1 [IffJ .

Pottage. Stamp received in payment..
Count word.Including name and address.
\ f PIANOS.:
CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher. ,
L Theani ILDD-Ualmeetlnc, of the, stockholders AliTED-To buy a small second-hand Iron '
of this company shall beheld In'Jacksonville, safe Address P. M., Earleton, Fla. It Term of Subscription: UNEQUALLED IN

Fla.,on the second Wednesday. in Februaryof ORANGE TREES W.A.JrTED-BeedllngB, suit- For one year................................$2 00 I Touch g
each year able for budding. State size,quality,whether For six months ....... ................,,_ 100 Tone, ,Workmanship Durability:.
sweet or sour, distance from depot and price. 49*Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad Baltimore,22and 24 East Baltimore Street, i
2. The directors shall meet,, of "
upon ,. Address GUUCK.B&os, Mt Dora, Fla. New York, 148 Fifth Ave .. ," -
the President or of any two directors, notice 4-30-6t vance.; Washington, 817 Market Space.DEAFNESS. <"";

being given by mall,a copy of the call being FOB SALJCBelair Premium, Villa Franca, Rates* of Advertising1 application.

sent to each, director three days.before ,the Tangerines,'Beach's No.5,Sweet Be vUle.large REMITTANCE should be1 made by Check,
seedling grape fruit and sour stocks. W. 8. Postal Note Money Order Letter
,or Registered -
meetiag. ;_ r WAXKEB, Lake Mattie Nursery,Auburndale, ;...
A quorum of the stockholders shall be a Fla. 4-30 2tTKOTTINO ,to order of

majority of the-stock'in value; of the directors STOCK: FOB SAUC-Two' mares FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER ITS CAUSES AND CURE
a majority in number. ,A' less'' number with 'two Ullles and:three.colts by John St. AND FRUIT GROWER. ,,
John All well bred three of them standard.
Jacksonville.! Fla. Scientifically treated anrlst of worldwide
by an
may from time to time.I
The lot at a bargain. JHO.BBASFOBD, Bradford -
4. The officers shall be_ a President, 'VIce- vllle, Leon Co., Fla It reputation 'Deafness eradicated and
President, Secretary and Treasurer. The No hogs or' chickens have cholera where (NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.] enUr lylcured,of from 20 to 3J years'standing,

,office of Secretary and.Treasurer may be held Tllghman's Condition Powders are used. Restores after all other treatments'have failed. How J
loss of appetite In any animal. Full the'difficulty is reached apd th- cause removed
by the same person. directions how to give to animals not taught BIGPreminmOffer
5. The:officers shall discharge ,the usual to eat grain. Satisfaction guaranteed. Send tally explained in circulars,with affidavits .
duties officers of similar corporations.., 35 cents for sample package by mail. Agents and testimonials of cures from prominent .
wanted. W.G. TILOHMAN, Palatka, Fla. '
people, mailed free.
6.. These By-Laws; may be amended, repealed 4-3-5t ,
Dr. A.FONT AINE.19 East lith St., N. Y' .
or added to at any time by a Vote of a Slater, St. Augustine Fla., has Northern !.
majority in the interest of the stockholders. farms, ranches, hotels, city property and
merchandise to trade for Southern ,
.It. .H. 8.. JENISON! Secretary: <:' Make offers. 4-9-6t realty.:* PIANOSORGANS

Wanted-300 three to six Inch orange trees, .44 ODD'
sour stock,with buds two to three years old; TsEk'I.ORI I
or sour trees,same size, without buds. State r> A. "
A .
: very lowest spot cash price. Address, Lock
Box 4, Leesburg, Fla., stating where trees are. Dispatch Farmer and Fmit-Orower Placed in Southern Homes linos 187ft-Twenty rwW'aucoeatu1
4 9-4t buaineu-uJetlOft1' JmlOn Dollar
: mentor the active duties of life. For sale Jamaica Sorrel and ':and yearly increasing. Why? Because the Country to
young : Pawpaw For one year and a copy otYbitner's flooded with Cheap Interior lastramenta, bag
Chartered by the legislature of Virginia, and (Carla papaya) plants; one dollar per dozen,
endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce,Council,; by maiL CYRUS W. BUTLER, St. Petersburg, \ in TO SELL-NOT ,TO USEand
and prominent citizens of the city where located.For Fla., 4-2-51 Gardening Florida the publio hu found oat that

catalogue,circulars and testimonials,address Do you need printing of any kind Send to j WE, DON'T SELL THAT KIND
J.ODUNSMOKB." :. .President,Staunton;.VacI DaCosta Printing and Publishing House, '
ALL F08$2.00 Oar Instruments lead the World. Oar Price.LESS
Jacksonville, Fla. than factories. Terms. Sanest. Methods .
,All kinds books bound and made as rood I Inducements, 1TMte t. and re pay rVelcfeU
Whitner's, Gardening in Florida is 'Write for Free and Circulars '
I ahandaomelyprin Catalogues explaining
THE SELFRESTORERETD I as new.House Send,Jacksonville to Da Costa Printing Fla. and,*Publishing ted and bound book of i full/-all in plain print. Easy to boy from as.L '

250 pages,being a comprehensive treatiseon UDDEN&BATEO i
Do you need printing of any kind? Send to ;
ETD C" C" to ,youngmiddle.sged, DaCosra Printing and Publishing House ,the vegetable and tropical: products of
and old Southern Music, House O
JL tnH-nJ ? postage paid. Address .
Dr. .Du Montt181ColumbuaAvs.BoatonMug. Jacksonville Fla. Florida, by 1=rof. J. N. Whitner, A. M. SAVANNAH, CA.
The Florida Real Estate Journal, Arcadia This book is much sought after for its
Florida-with State Map-can be had for only .
practical information
EVAPORATOR ten cents. South Florida lands cheap. 21912Buy : '
FRUIT 2.00' buys the book and our
: a home cheap 1 A pleasant home can for 1 EN t
THE one
:The Btajidard ZIMMERMAN MaeVtie.' be secured on the installment plan. Nice paper year. AIlU
Ptflsrfatjdca aad prices. niastrated Catalogue free. house and two lots In one of the most pleasant This is certainly a grand offer., Send or LO8TorF '
TMK:BLfMraJt IKON WOKitA CO.Uaelaa:a11,9. locations In the city. Address, GHAB. W.' In orders at once. eneral and .
DACOSTA,Jacksonville Fla.: *. Weakness Body&a4Ilnd, SsT sot

A "Grave" Subject. Sand us your orders for note paper, pens C. W. DACOSTA, .. ......"ooo of Errors filly pi..'EzfleuealaOldorYotntc.t...... It....eaIarr. a..,.
Inks and all supplies. We will treat you Jacksonville @'la., eu..r WUL 1:1: DutLOnD asaaaNTaelOar.
Jaobonvfe Marble Co. Is< right. DaCo&ta ,Printing and Publishing *..... ....,' ..rau''.t Boat 'l'RUTaUT-8fteOt. Is a ..,.
Oats !the largest and most responsible House,Jacksonville! Fla. .e'"u"fr..i08t&t.H'" I'-.Jp teutrt- Wrtle t.... '
>> r*.ft. B4(MaW)frMb '
irers ana retail dealers in mon Wanted-Villa Franca Lemon trees and FLORIDA BOTANICAL DEPOT NrmERlEMiblCALCO., BUffALO,N.Y, ,
anc 1 headstones in the United States, air White Niagara Vines. Must be best stock ,
wo ':always giving satisfaction. They yeothes and cheap. Address, NICOL, care FARMER .
i and works at 530 TV. 20th street,j ewY AND' -GEOWEIZ 2=Z0-. THEO. A. ME ;TER, Agent,. NO CURE. NO FEE I Cured .
M I UiUUil, N E
25 Laura street, Jacksonville, : Do you need atattoneJ't.'ot any, 171 _WetheredvillleidMlid.The (( .
i Fla., and Orlando, Fla., and des pens and Ink Send to DaCosta Printing and WHOLX&ilX DEALE& DC mmim ATf
at it points in the Southern leM Publishing House,Jacksonville Fla. *
Stj Roots Herbs Barks' and Berries. Garrett Picket &Wire Fence Machine
West es' Repair your old family Bibles. Make them ,
good as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub- Wsarts to the posts.A n n!-
lishing Honse, Jacksonville, Fla. Will pay Highest Cash Prices For illIlliluI II venal favorite. Taomiaadapaid.
Do need stationery o1! kind-paper, II Il-I-I-H 14 .iL..In use.e.araa\ee4.Erelb'
THE GLORY OF MAN you any .
pens anrt Ink Send to DaCosta Printing and' Blue Flag Root, or Blue Lily; Butter. ,tH4-l-i-I 111111111I _, 1* lug. big A sales.gen u are,.Afaeblnes report,
Publishing House Jacksonville, Fla. Wire etc.. at..wholesale
fly Root Root Cotton Root
STRENGTH VITALITY Wanted-Alive newspaperman to canvass ; Comfrey ; direct from factory to
the State for two leading publications. Apply Bark; Dandelion Root; Deer Tongue ., j- :Farmers where I have DO.
How Lost! How Regained to C. W. DACOSTA, '.DaCosta Printing agent.the Catalog free. Address
Leaves Bark manufacturer
House,Jacksonville ; Dogwood ; Ginseng Root;

Repair your old family Bibles. Make them Jerusalem Oak Seed; Poke Root; Prickly S. H. GARRETT.. MANSFIELD. OHIO._
good as new. Da"osta. Printing and Pub
lishing House,Jacksonville, Fla. Ash Bark; Prickly Ash Berries; Rose

OF IfE I iKMMTHYflE' Petals (pale) ;,Rose petals (red) ; Sampson JS.INCUBATORSimple J :

Snake Root; Saw'Palmetto Berries ; Perfect and Heir-Ueffttlat.

PROTECT YOUR GRAPES' Stillingia Root or Queen's Delight; Sas- (In narnnteed.. Hundreds* to hatch In aocesalnl larder percentage operation.J .

WITH THE OHIO GRAPE: fBOTKOTO&S. safras Root Bark Watermelon Seed fertile ens at leu rot than any otto "
; ;
bate r. send Oc! for Dins.Oatalocue.CireaWsfree. .
: the Thoroughly grape protect while Wild Cherry Bark (thin virgin) ; Gray CEO.H.STAHL, QUINCY. ILL. I

THE SCIENCE ,OF LIFE ..maturing and ri Moss; Black Moss.
A Seknttoc and Standard Popular Medical Treatise pening. Prevent I
oaths Errors of Yoath, rematoreDeclineNerronsand blight and mildew Write for particulars of curing eta Ad- CONSUMPTION.I

Physical Debility,Impurities of the Blood. Grapes thus oo. dress office, 89 Newnan 8t ; warehouse and

fectlon.Hadt red ripen. m per wharf, Colcord's wharf, Jacksonville, Fla. I bar a'positive remedy for the ibo .disease;by its '
EXHAUSTEDYITALITYUNTOLD t of specialty use'thousands of eases of the worst kind and of long t .-
uater* JOS. POLLARD Jr. staadinx hare ben cored. Indeed strong:is my fake .-
pry FARMS Washington,Iowa' [FR A fl ES in its efficacy that I wffl send TWO BOTTLXS" Tag.wtth.VALUABLE : .:
I MISERIESResulting seils and trades la:Js, property ana merchandise TREATISE on this disease to any gat "',:
InstantaneousAttachmenL In Iowa, Missouri,Arkansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Iferer who wffl send me thefr Express and P.O.address. a,
from Polly,Vice: ,Ignorance,Excesses or Kansas,Texas, Florida. {TV A. Slocum M. c.,'181 Pearl &U. N. Y. :.:

Orertaxatlon, SnerHtmg and nn&t lag the victim a-A hundred w
for Work,Basinets,the (atrial or Social Relation. bunches con be covered In a fear minute.

work.Avoid. It unskillful contains tooptges.pretenders.) [ royal Possess 8vo. this Beautiful great: worked SOHXRSCT to KT- Sept.20*1890. NURSERIES OFTHEMilwaukeeFlorida
They entire
binding,embossed,fatt Price my satisfaction
gflt. only slim by
>asll.,postpaid,concealed !In plain wrapper. >JRn- Easily put on, and prevented mildew. I'
ratite: Prospectos Free,If you pow. The Will want more next year. j I Co. I
dtstiainkfeed author Wm. H. Parker, )[. D., re- J.M.ElCH AE13SO*.
eetved the GOLD (JEWKLLBD MEDAL OlTUKWA, LU, Oct. ., ffiW.
AnMBi the NatkHial Medical AMoclatioa for The Protector I regard as very valuable. selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specially, HP
tkto PRIZE :K88AY oa NERVOUS and She grapes I covered are now in perfectcondition.
PHYSICAL DBBILITYJDr.ParkeraBdacorps Those not covered are all gone. fiaddlnc-Wood for sale at all llm*.
of c Assistant Physicians may be coasalted. cosfldsotial I eh&ll want more next.year.J. -
by mail O at the otIee of .T. HlCrWOVTH., Our stock fs large,and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. For:
THEFKABODY WA: INSTITUTE.' PRICES:BOO, $1'.50; 1000 $2.50 Catalogue and Pdce-Lilt '
N*. 4...*..4i St..Boats,MaM.,to whom all Special Dlacoant for larger qnantltiea. .
d et4tn for book letters for adTlee,ihoald .bt Sample 100 sent on 'A. L DUNCAN : .
dfeeefed si ah@TAs TO&co.ireiNI. ;, Manager, Dunedin Fla.,
1110 IIlPB .. .. 4C'" : .' ,. .
," .
..., :" : ,
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: .f' .
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.. -
-. -. -" -
.. ,


.' '. ..,. ,

'APRIL fQi89li:; ..__;... .._: THE FIP A.D.qJPA.i'FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.' r. .. r ,35YLDIBEOT ;

& :.
PILES FOREVER C17RJED. I Six days r.rllei than
any varletT U ted at the AtB. Y4.
If you suffer with any form of this terrible Aj lCU'tl EX. Grounds
loathsome disease and desire to get. cared at Gt nova N.T Color)
greenish white, pulp
promptly permanently and cheaply, ,use tender tweet and de 44 West Forsyth Streets
Turkish Electric Ointment. Immediate"re- lirious. The only) grape
that ranks first 001 bin
lief. Action cool and soothing. It Is the only earliness and quality Jacksonville, Florida.

remedy the world,and cures the wor cases our Each: Tine rrRlftered sealed trademark with*
In existence. Sent by mall on receipt of one label send Tor We guarantee to do the finest work in the
f dollar-no free samples. We mean business.. circular.8IEPULN ki"".*.luriiM!:. IIOYT'S r Information.bOKS. New Agents Canaan wantedAddress (XI State. Northern work and Northern prices. -

Don't hesitate,but remit at once;and address Work sent to us by express will receive

plainly, TURKISH PHARMACY Co., Albion, prompt attention and be returned on short
Mich. notice. Country orders solicited. Write for

laundry list. .4-2-3m

$60. $60. o .


The No., Cutaway feet wide,at tttJO; cash with' 1 oll1\'
order. FnU stock in warehouse. Send for circulars. i
K. S. HUBBARD..State Agent. -_
_Federal Point,Fla. [ [

: JACKSONVILLEMARBLE subject to.SPASMS ....most JDrelr troubled 'with
i WflD If 0' The b *t rrmedr for thin In the celebrated
i Been 0year...fnntftnd never fails. Otrr.partlcii
f ; COMPANY lartytlut") loitialeareILA' tbn.a..,,,Minr Imitation
t.: ," M


Monuments, Head-stones, .

Grave-borders, and all Q a
zoo i v
Manner of Marble

and Granite Work.

1 Catalogues- application.and designs sent on r .I CURE FITS !

I AGENTS. WANTED.: When I say cure I do not mean merely to stop them 'V T,
for a time and then hare them return again. Imeana .
"We also deal In Wire and Iron radical cure. ,I hare made the disease of FITS EPILEPSY ,
Fencing Poultry Netting Farm J. J.. ''CALHOUN. & CO.., or FALLING SICKNESS a life-long etady. I
warrant my remedy to cure the wont cases Becauseothers
and ,Lawn,FenoesT Gates, Eta 1
for not DOW'reeehiq a
DEALERS hare failed Is no reason
eF ; care. Send at once for a a-treatise and a Free Bottle of
my infallible remedy. live Express and Post Office.
TYPEWRITERAND U. G. ROOT M. C., 183 Pearl St., N. T-'
NATIONAL -- -. ___

West Bay Street -MANUFACTURERS OF- -

w To introduce our fine Art Work we
;r JACKSONVILLE FLOBIDA.AMS'DEN. .d = have. reduced prices, and until further .-

25 Laura St., Jacksonville, Fla.gii1iiL. U, notice wilr make you a life-size CrayonPortrait -

Qb mounted in a magnificent gilt

UJ ..en frame, for $10.00.R.emember .
yon do not pay for
:I: C 11 O= the Portrait until you'have seen

C I! :. and examined it; but we can make a

5-511. o C life-like Portrait from any Likeness you
.II!5I_ ...... may have, tin-type or photograph. And
1 8 .a :' .0 a. rest assured any photograph send us
1 '- -<'2-t o will be faithfully returned with the Por

:9.ij: Q trait.. Send the Likeness direct to us,
lJ:atiMq r ..en or write for circulars.

'"- -!p..apA .
..ii".o!0 Material.CHARLESTONS. WASHINGTONPortrait
lit P. Building .
"Ob .,
51 D and
stoat t Publishing: Company, .
e.J5r:1": p, C. P. O. BOX ee4 PHILADELPHIA, PA. .
.g 0_ .. /
, 3aii:3 FJ1aDc
. E .


,?,f211, .i inHi. : 1fJt tfJ!

1% !$! MHf :: i 1 Fourteen varieties: of land and water fowls. STANDING .

: -! EiI( : ;II Indian Games, Imperial Pekin TIMBER STUMPS.W11ipNlanor on. Trade Mark.V .

.. ilio. J 1-5.e Ducks, Rronze Turkeys.. Grub 1IOLLI8' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY
.... .. .jlS: '1: J e-s" l Poultry supplies of ill kinds. Send a postal dlnar' m Mlputla Will Mate Hens Lay! .
g.. ...!= !. .r:;t'a 51!... card for my new Illustrated catalogue and MAXES( ACLEAN Will Make Chickens Growl!
:! .- .: ;';"j.oct price lists. AND GOOD FOB MOULTIKO FOWXA. '

.=lit.!.: :Z3' Eggs to Hatch. SWEEP.fhreAeftle..IUIa. This food Is strictly fresh meat,' i .
..!! j carefully
0i .,
riORwMs"pow' A m* .bey..lMnecu.p'ru
... i- : !: E. W. AM8DEN.: Onnnnd. Fla. It. ICe heavy' k..Delle.on..will oo a lIlY cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermetically V -:
::; W d 1 it T MTM ft.U poecal.ar4.Iris yes to will Mn4 pay for for M th.IUu Maetlsc tr id C.It uk>n only.. atria Mt sealed In 8-1 1b cans.'Being ground fine,it i
:(1) E ; fioe. terms sad tetdwaoalaJ" Adana tb. Mss.het.rrre can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed
...... .a'J'' ;.!!0.....''t: '!!1" JAMES MILNE SON SCOTCH lIOn, IOWA. so as to glve"each fowl an equal share. Prie L
-.11i .
SO cts per can; 13 dot Address HOLLIS' :)
,.ill l;; lbg" A ... ,., FAVORITE SINGER., DKEMHEO MEAT A WOOL CO., ,,to North : '
A. .I sii 1 wP NEW HIGH ARM.
c !0.. 1':: 0 Boston Mass. f Mention paper.I :
1Jt' =. Style as shown in cut,with fun
I; e.=.S = li II attachments. ,self-setting nee-
Li = _..t eta 'III liES HARNESS at t i PRICE >die and self-threading shuttle. .
' i8t; g ': Q. Ton can getwswu.achinesowLYof HORTICULTURALSUPPLIES. ,
.t:' Bay Direct fr*.FACTORY.a.d UTe KID DlElEl'S manufacturers. Bare Canras-
A4, ..s-g"; JH: ..: py l&. A 9O.OO LEATHER K TOP BUCOY.Rtcl sers1 Commissions of|26. Sent on w. ai :-
: .
m ; : : Ale.aTire.HrkaryWkeet.Warraat.1$4 .6. trial. Warranted 5 ,.ears. .
ib. -Man Cart." .10.' A c* 4 f 10 H"ra u,.... ,. T OLS ADd obit sap.p8ea '
.* .. We pay Freight. Philadelphia,Far"OSGOOD" Oar Sp< .U. BUOOY .
".U I'r. 8ea4 also tow oar rarrey.d.i 8eD4*' ".
Cincinnati. Ohio.OUTFITS. T.ttr7 Bw1plr tcomplete rliKCs far n..c
BLED CATALOG poMlalte4. .

S1Ta1.d tii1P Marketx6.1 ;!!WS.A.lpll0.PPEARS .
air faaraoCrlOW 7 0 S.Standard .

tbsid atiMMUeaUr sad. SCALES 'f
if I
-.a t1. asrk.s tkb set... three 8eld0DkW. I'nf bt p&I4.J '
aew sM tmpr.r.d t s.blaw,ta.isdiag a assapao.k U TON ILLUSTRATED. LI4T FREE.leaulu V (
3iW N.PEi PO ATED TAI $pnyeo fie Tlars.da. ash Narset.s. ,J- 1/ JUIIiS8Io .
Also s A.r.ea1 war a ppar tow
p l RliT : EINCINN Tl k's R#;.>TIELA rfHICE PRM P CO.L.rkpeetN.Yj =s Nursery Co., Tbomas
&TiIMPsII.: iIt kMtH, N. YUle, 'Oeer..ta. .

.-'+ 1

V )

; I-


,.........._..: _, ,' _. < .....,t S

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'' -w. _. .: ', _.,. '" .

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5' 5i 98 ., S / FLORIDA DISPATCH,,, PABMEft,AND.PBUTT-GROWEB. [APRIL,30, 1891, .


Z)1 S r. .;.


,Co ji1. L 0 Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique., Oak
8BJJOlfleace: -' Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,
8' --- .1. '' Mahogany, Cherry, :
'_" Ollcltf1d. ... \.J 8 Bed-Lounges, Willow, Reed. and Rattan.
5 5. :. q S ,Goods, Desks 'of 'all Kinds and
: 40 :
5 Styles.YOU .
,'WE ,SELL m /VD .5' .
42 .W:
,. '
ON" '


,;;; Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and LAr'' ,.

: i,9" Crockery Sets;Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors,Curtain Poles, and Brackets. ;

,:, Hotels.Boarding Houses Shios Steamers. Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom. ; ; ,_ f

... .&When writing please mention this paper.


.' ,
Jacksonville, Florida.

Dealers in and Manufacturers of High Grade Fertilizers.i.

Orange, Tree and Truck Fertilizers., Cotton and Corn Fertilizers:

__ All Grades of Fertilizer SJCafcartitn: l on Hand at Lowest! Market Prices.

We .manufacture all our own goods at South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made from the best materials.

: .We.have recently,purchased the factory and good will of,the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando, Fla.

J. ALEX. LITTLE, Secretary and Treasurer, *.
_*".'.....:.,. "L. .,...:, ,., .: JACKSONVILLE,',FLA.. '



DESTROYER will kill the cut worm, destroy the grasshopper -
exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects that
I I feed on and destroy the young vegetables and ,plants. Vegetable -
i and truck growers should investigate the merits ,of. this

wonderful. preparation.For S .
general information, prices, circulars etc., address, .
Box 218. Jacksonville,Fla.
I; [Mention this paper.|
,.I" UI''
.. ': JOHN CLARK,, SON & CO., ,



I -HERTIMZERS Coal Grain lint Tobacco '
Hay, Liquors, Cigars, ,,Etc;

They produce a strong growth of wood and a large yield of the best quality fruit. Mr.P.C.Buffum,
of Stanton,Fla.,says: "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange:and lemon trees and a nursery
the largest In the.State and I have ,experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY.
,offered for sale:in the State and I find yours more satisfactory than any others I have used." Send Parker_..,....,.?....____tt.75in..I..i. J !I.J'tla a ye........__.-ts.oo
for our beautifully illustrated pamphlet.. OfNorth Valley-......... 2.00 Virginia Oiade.....___., .....oet
I yprig V.neT--....... Jf.50 Old K Hrbon..........___ 5.00
27 Boston. .....__ 2 5OMontroco Kentucky Soar fllaaa. A.UO
,, Lipton I Club_____._.__ Old Baker______ 6.00
,Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery. Jas extra: 1 gallon 25c.t 2 gallon 50c() 3 gallon75c. Remit by poet&oe
money order, check or'registered letter. We cannot ship C. dry toWuA ,
S :: ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. : complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.
John dark Ron fc Oo.


A1IC1Uta, Georgia. CURRANT ,

We eater for Fall and winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental tree, FAY HEAD(lUARTERS..GRAPESy ; I
BOMB;Palms,eta salted t.e. Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated In Florida A CHEAPEST '
Also a nperb stock of Evergreens'' ,Camellias,Greenhouse plants,etc. EW GRAPES RasosM rT. *:""**" ,w a vs,
Oar product hare been tested in Florida for thirty-three yean past. Catalogues free. 0&O.$.JOSSELYM.lRQtl 1

No .Amenta., Address, of Cb->
..... .. .. .. ?,
r Augusta Ga. itmctiT: insects. Cont lajnopol on. Price by null ....8t&I P;accepted 7 4 H dM u gr > ,Z.>

; '< .... '.-; .,_.;>' ,
1! .. :' Zt' ..


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PO. '. < 0 '" -- '
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: ":, ", '

The :C1ydeSteamship Co. SAVANNAH LINE .

Time'53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia -

New Ytirfe 'Charleston ,and' _Florida Lines.The and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours. ..

magnificent\ team hips. of this Line are appointed Ocean Steamship Company. ''

:te 'sail as follows: .
From New York; From Jacksonville. ,
tPier79,&..&) BIE'MKR. Florida. (Central or 90'Meridian Time)

,J'rW.aY. 0 Kar. 271h. at 8 P. x. .."ALGONQUIN'. Thursday, Apr. 2d, at 10:30A.x.
'XOBd& ':' Mar, 90th, at8 P. x. .."OHEROKEE".. Sunday, Apr. 6tb, at l:30p. x. .Passage Rates; : ,
Wednesday, Apr. 1st, at 8 P.)(.....YEMASSEE.'.. Tuesday Apr. 7tb, at 2:30 P.K.
Friday, Apr. 3d; -atS P.x. ....SEMINOLE"... Thursday, Apr. 9th, at 4:30A. x. Between Jacksonville and New York: lIt class, $125.60 Intermediate,119.00;Excursion.,HUG
Monday. Apr. 6tb, ''atSP."IROQUOIS" Sunday. Apr. 12th, at 7:00A.X. Steerage,IlifiO. -
WedneildayApr. 8th; at3P.X..ALGONQUIN" Tuesday Apr. ltth, at &00&.')(.
Jacksonville and Boston Cabin327.00 Intermediate 121.00 14.z
t FrIday, .Apr. 10th, ,at 3 P.X ..CHEROKEE ".. Thursday, Apr. 16th, 'at 10:00 A.'x.lMonday THE Mftjtr l11een'St--.btpa: or this Company.: are appointed;Excnrslon.W7.30 to sailaa follows; 8teeraae: ,
Apr. J3t.h, at 3 P.'x:YRMASSEE.. Runday Apr. 19th, at 1:30 P. H.
Wednesday.Apr. J5th, .atSp.X..SEMINOLE".Taesday. 'Apr.. 2111., at :I.30p.x. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
1 Friday, Apr. 17th" at8 P.X. ."IROQUOIS" Thursday, Apr. 2M, at 4:00.A.x.
Monday Apr. ''.b, at8P.x..ALGONQUJN" Sunday, Apr. 6th, at 6:00A.x.Wednesday Central or 900 Meridian me.)
.. ,Apr. 2M. atIP'x.; ....CHEROKEE"..-Tuesday, Apr. '28th, at 7OOA. H. KANSAS CITY < ) Kempton .......'..........._ .... Friday, May 1- ItdOam
,. FrIday Apr. '24tb, at8P.x..YEMA8SEE".Thursday, Apr. 30th, at 9:00A. )[. OHATTAHOOCHEE Capt. Daggett,........................... Saturday, 2- l.Oupra
f Monday, Apr 27th, at a P.H. .."SEMINOLE". Sunday, May 3d, at 12 Noon. NACOOCHEE rapt. Smltn........._-._........................... Monday,- '* 4300D m
: Wednesday,Apr. 29tb, at 8 P.H. ..'IROQUOIS":.. Tuesday,. blay 5th, at 2 P. H.i CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg .......... ............Wednesday 6- ''4.00am
CITY OF AUGUSTA 'apt.Catharine............................Friday 8- ;(LOOa'to
TALLAHASSEE Capt Fisher. ...______...._...._...... .. Saturday, 9- 7.60pm
St. Johns River Line. KANSAS CITY.Ca pt. Kempton ................. ......... 4" Monday, 11- 7. 0pm
i ; CHATTAHOOCHEE.Capt. Daggett........ .....;............Wedne day. 1310.00am
: ," NACOOCHEE.Capt.Smith...................... _......... .....- Friday, j& 1200m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt.Bunt..... .... ..3................Faturday, -*' 16:= 1230 pm
a Tor Sanford .Enterprise.and Intermediate Points, on the St. CITY OF AUGUSTA Capt.Catherine ...... .. ..._.. .....,. Monday, I' 182 p m ''I(
TALLAHASSEE.Capt. Fisher................ ......;..........Wednesday. '. 203.00& m
:. Johns River. KANSAS CITY Capt. Kempton ...... : ..;" .-.'. .. .. Friday,' 22- 4.OUa mUHATTAHOOC11EECapt.
Daggett ..... .........>.,__. .....Saturday, 23- 630p m
NACOOCHEE Capt Smith................_..... .............Monday, "' 25- (L30pm
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers_ CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg.._.. ..... ......Wednesday, 27- 800& m
c'trr:: O.p CXS'OVJLLE:: CITY OF AUGUST: ,Capt Catharine ....... .....a. .. ........Friday, .* .'29- JO.ooa m
F'a. TALLAHASSEE Capt.Flsber..................:.:. ......... Saturday 30- 11.30am
'. w. ; ?..' Capt. W. A. SHAW, FOR BOSTON.

.::: FeED'EC: : :DEB.. _:I--, GATE CITY Capt. Doane:................ .............h..ThunldAy.'May 7- 5.00pm
Oapt.'T. W. LUND Jr. o' CITY OF MACON, Capt.Lewis..................... ..............Thursday, 14- 10.30am
GATE CITY,Capt. Doane.. ...-.._................... .............Thursday, 214.00 P m
Are. appointed' to sail from Jacksonville,daily except Saturday at 3:30 p. m ,and from CITY OF MACON, Capt.Lewia..__.. ........................:.Thursday, '. 2S9..<<>>am
Sanford,daily except Sunday,at 9 a. m.
SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE. NORTHBOUND. (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Read 8:30 Down.:: P. x........ ...*. ..... .,. ...Jacksonville .....-................Arrive Read 11:15 Up.Leave' p.. x. DE OUGCapt.. Asklns............... ..... ..... .............. .... Tneeday' May 533p m..
.................. ....... Pal tka .Leave DESSOUG,Capt.Askins ... ... ........... ..................FrMay., 15- II3d am
as.fOP.< M 7:00 p. x.
., ,........u............Attor........... ................ II 2WP x. DESSOUG, Capt.Asking ..............._-.. ... ....... .......Monday, M 25- 6.30pm
2t5.A.H...... .....:............... St.. Francis .................:...... .. 12:45 p. x. '
.*. b:00A.M..*...........-................Beresford ......................... 11:45 A. x. THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
M 6COA.x................._........ Blue Springs ......:............. .. 11:00A. x. onnectlng with the Savannah.Florida and Western Railway(Waycroif '
Arrive 8:00: A,M....................*.... ..Sanford. ................... 9:00& x., to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled; by : other Short Line oTsr
"{ 9:15Ax. *................. ..... Enterprise..... .... .. ....... ...... 9:30A.: M. Through Tickets and Bills of Lading_Issued to principal points North na, East and Has.Northwest
Also Steamer EVKEQLAOK (freight only) from Jacksonville for Sanford Mondays and. via Savannah. For Information and rooms apply toJ.
Thursdays at 6 P.x. Returning,leave Sab ford Wednesdays and Satui days at 6 \.x. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTrAN.Soliciting Agent,
71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. n West Bay Street,JaoJuOnvUIe.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay Street. R. L.WALKER,Agent C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,

F. HI. IKON1 NGEK.,Jr., Fla. Pass.Agent,88 West Bay.8t.,Jacksonville, Fla New Pier No.85 RICHARDSON'North River BARNARD.New: York. Agents City.Lewis' Wharf, Baston lies! ;.gY'I'1'11,01..

W. F. OG, *Hi FAY..Traveling P tssenger Agent,88 West Bay St, Jacksonville, Fla. W. L. JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia. '
J. o.; PELOT, Frt. Agt,on wharf, foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville, Fla. J. D. HA8HAGEN, Eastern Agent. 8av.Fla.&: Western Ry.Co 231 Br 1 way.s. Y.
..J'OH1L.. HOWARD, Fla. Fri. Agent; foot Laura 8n,Jacksonville, Fla. G.For M. SO etc L.Gent o)S lan, age;.W. Railway A&,jMtscwrlllBrFla.

J. A. LESLIE Supt, foot Laura St.,Jacksonville,Fla.
MARSHAL n. CLYDE, Asst Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. t .
EST iU iII9IIED 11376.M .
THEO. O. EGEIf,Traffic Manager,6 Bowling Green. N. Y.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, .

.1* 8.ntb Wharves, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, IT. 'W'. IC.I.I.AM: .4.. :E3C> U .l"l.SJ. '


Williams & Clark .Fertilizer Co. .

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers


Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds .St., Auonsta, GaC. '


.,: Hay Corn Oats Flour BranWheat Grits "Meal'
: ( Americus Orange Tree Fertilizer, ,

Americus Orange Tree, No. 2, COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark.

: Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate,

.Americus Pure Bone Meal, Americus: Bone. and Potash, STATE AGENT FOR PURE GROUND BONF
; Americus Strawberry Fertilizer
J. E. Tygert Jk; Co.'s .4.

Americus Sutohate! of Potash, NITRATE SODA,

Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH
Comprising a
REFERENCES: C. F. WInton, Mandarin, Fb..1 Dr. H. Knight, Bellevlew, Fla.; M. E. Orange Tree and Vegetable .
Wilson Clermont.Fla; M. Godfrey, Mlnneola, Frla.AdJressalloorrespondenceto KAINIT Era
Ga. These Fertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial will oonTtnce.

S .A. VE: ] "Y C> 1T :a. 1\l[ c> rq,:EI"YBy MASON & GoV1Ioltule and Retail Domestic Pesters I. F.r.l 'n sad"


Complete,FerUUxera for Vegetables andPrnitTrees. Analysis and prices upon application and
e' BAKER BROS, State Agents.GEO. Wholesale. ierin MILWAUKEE and B. & E. BEERS, ntSiftSfiii.
W. BAKER'S ROTTED' BONE MANURE, Decomposed with Pouuh. I2S per
,ten delivered. Guaranteed Analysis. Send for Catalogue and samples. Old Dominion White Bye and Celebrated Silver.King,Sour Mash 1875.
B.S. FULLER *: CO ,Special Agents, Palm Springs, *la. ,
"* LOW FBIOXS TOBACCO arm IN CAB LOTS. : ,Office and Warehouse, 1x5 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. '

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Blood and Bone, ; Chicago Bone' Meal, ,.

.' Pure Fine ,Ground Bone, JDarls and Bright Cotton Seed Meal:. .. ., .

K ',- Animal Bone and Potash, Tobacco Stems, t .

Blood,. Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes, .

Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulphate of Potash '!&c. a
.. ....':Fruit a:: 1d. "V13O.O.: : :E3ear1.n.fjl: ; Trees.

;"r ...r' Orange: ; Tree :food, ong : reek.F 4..

Vegetable and: Potato Grower. 1

GKEO. .E.' WILSON, 5O West Bay Sreet, Jacksonville Fla.

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... H' TO all the weary workers who yearly wear themselves out setting plants, stooping over their work: 'rest is'at hand. w

Plants are set quicker, Plants are set Better, Plants are set straighter, Plants are covered nicer, Plants will. :grow A
faster, than when set by hand.

It saves time-it saves labor-it saves stooping-it works well in dry ground-it works well in wet ground. ,

It opens the ground, (does not.plaster the sides of the hole as when setting with the "peg" or by hand), puts the plant

in the ground and presses the earth around the roots (not at the bud) all at one stroke, without stopping. ...

It is simple, light, effective and cheap.' ,

) i1' : Truckers need-gardeners require it-nurserymen want is-tomato growers must have it,and tobacco planters cannot r
h -
do without it; in fact,it is an indispensable article on the farm. ,

For particulars, ,address GEORGE ,GRRRNHOW, f

v,, Sole Agent for Florida and ,General Agent for the South, .

__ 43-Agents wanted in every County in the United States. Will lease State and County rights to the proper parties. '

ORANGE : McINTOSH Marion Florida.Located
S G County, .

O on Orange Lake, the home of the native orange. Rich high hammock lands, ;
:y feet above the lake level. Prominent
rising eeventy-flve Flourishing orange groves. vegetable -
< shipping point. Well watered. Natural drainage. Railroad, telegraph, post office
and school facilities. Universally pronounced one of the very !.locations in the State..
,0 ( r'V P An inspection will satisfy the most critical.. Inquiries may be addressed to

A Special, Complete' Manure. S. H.....,GAITSKILL.353m .

!For,.Orange Trees, Young and Old,Fruit Trees, and Small Fruits ..' ;.,. .. ...... .. J : '\jJ: .

:Producing a Healthy, Vigorous Growth and Bright, Firm'Fruit
That Holds on Until it is Picked. BICYCLES '
.0" MAXIM -
UR :
Scientific research,verified by practical experiment, have enabled us to determine the 1.J.
moat suitable form of plant fcod to produce not only tweet fruit (the moat salable),but also
'health rfiood.eteiaenta E. POORMAN Agent
We claim that our ORANGE GROWER returns to the soU in suitable form and In proper ,
'time those oonsUtuenta whIch rrutta abstract,and will give larger yield,bysUmulating
a vigorous condition of the entire plant Out:' ORANGE GnOWzR supplies the required Cincinnati Ohio.
of plant food and In suitable forms. ,
Experience has proven that Potash Is best adapted to the orange tree,and our ORANGE Catalogue Free. Agents Wanted.
e 'ORO Wig R contantalns tbe largest amount,principally In the form of sulphate. The Bone .
used U more quickly available than the raw bone, being carefully dissolved, hence more
readily taken by the roots of the tree.': Many failures are recorded with the bone,and we are
led to believe that the soil of F.orlda has not the power,to dissolve bone,and make plant JOIN THE,
food of It j which heavIer soil possesses. We have aimed to put It In the right form to yield '
'up It*plant food gradually through the season. HME: : :IN: T1JT'MEN3': : ;, {
It u an unquestionable fact,admitted by all that the growth of an orange tree Is the ,
labor of many years and we can not afford to wait a whole season for the bone to be rendered
toluble. On the other aand.the trees should not be forced by aumulants,like fish! ,guano, '
'cottonseed meal which,being rich In ammonia,are consequently too forcing. Experience Building and Loan Association';
has further demonstrated the wisdom of frequent applications of fertilizers,especially on
lighter should or three times a year In January,February or March and in June and
July. It scattered broadcast around the trees,a little way from the trunk,and as
far out Mine tranches extend and should be worked lightly In the solL About one-half And Own a Home.
pound should be applied to young trees when first set out,working thoroughly into the soil,
that it may not come in contact with the tender roots. Another.half-pound should be scattered -
around the tree after it is set out,on the surface,and raked In. The terms of this Association have never been equalled In Florida It offers terms that
Older t llhould be treated as follows: Two pounds for second year,three pounds for should enable every man to,instead of paying rent to a landlord, have same sum pay for
third year,icertaeing the quantity pound a year entil the tree is ten years old. A full same property in a few.years. It offers best terms to ._'
bearing grove should have from 1,290 to 2000pounds per acre.
Seed f'9l'P8.mpWd., prlcef,and all other information to STOP A MORTGAGE.
A. M. BOND, General Agent, .Write,for particulars,to the above named Association ,

0' BOWKER' FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla. .. .5 Everett Block, Jacksonville, Fla.i. ">-'

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