Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
April 23, 1891
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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1 1869

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DACOSTA. & POWERS. Jacksonville 23 IS.1. Whole No. xz6o. : >
Proprietors. Ma, Tkmrsday, April :arItiET.. .

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One and one-half miles from Peru,,PI*.,one- GROVE AND OBCHAKD InTltatlon from President Adams; Frost Pineapples Mangos.Onions SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. .

half mite from Alafla river. 110 bearing trees Fertilizers: ,Etc.; Report from the East Coast; Plain Directions to a Novice; 323 Oranges,Lemons, Pineapples, and all other
In an.tolaH'o & ,15 to,18 yean old. Culture Fruits and early truck, also, dried fruits
Good water healthy locality.' Tract containin Replies to Doctor Dearer i Fruit and Poultry Notes; Japanese Wlneberry j Nut for nuts, furs,etc. ,.

the South; M4 All consignments promptly remitted lor. .
*TO acre. Address, P.M.,Peru, Fla. Stencils and:market reports furnished free. r ....
Insecticides:The Camphor Industry Florida; Questions and Replies; . 325 References: Bradstreets, and established
merchants and banks of the South.
BLAKE & RIPLEY, FABKKR AKD TRUCKER-,Some Very Profitable Tomato Growing; Crab Grass Hay; Coco or Katanga -

3 AGENTS ; The Cold In Alabama; Underground Ensilage; . . 326 LEMONS.
FLORIDA FRUIT 'EXCHANGE POULTRYAxD ApiABT Dry Feeding-Rice Hulls; Poultry Notes; To Introduce New,Queens; *i
Parties expecting to have a of Strictly '
327XDRORIAL crop
'Bone1'NoWfromFlorida; & Fancy Florida Lemons will find it to their ad 'e
1 57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. vantage to correspond with us before selling.CUT .
-Publications Received; Notes; Transportation Charges on Produce; Irrigation; 328 THIS OUT FOR REFERENCE.J. .

Price Catalogues.of weekly Bales furnishedoa '. Arrogance Rebuked; Arguing for the World's Fair; Markets for Florida Produce; 329 B. MAXFIELD &. CO.,
application.- r 75-77 Park Place, LAWS-Some Troublesome Florida Weeds; Native Florida Cactuses; Camphor New York. ",. if/I./
o.w.B.Ul.NBTT. J. H.BARHETPBBTABLH&HD xw' Trees for Lawns and Avenues; . . . '_ 330 Reference-Chatham National Bank, N. V,;
18M.nARNETT .' Jas.: A..Harris, Citra, Fla. ;
OUR RURAL HOME-Use and Abuse of Quinine; A Sanitary House and Its Furnishings; The

BROS. Growing Age; Concerning Bolls; Plain Talk to a Girl; Lemon Custard Cheesecakes; :Ell TAS. SAITTA, SON & CO., ...

i FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.. Free Discussion;A Georgian's Advice; Exemption of Mortgages; The Railroad Question; 333 MERCHANTS.
Agents for Georgia, Carolina and Missouri
Demands Polk Why Some Men do not Succeed; Corn Culture; 334
:: Alliance County; melonr. 300 cars received yearly.; Leadersin
Wheket Oe-& fen, Trails# and Yegtt&Uei.Prompt .
Bananas and Florida Consign
.... ,Alliance Requests In'Leon County; Railroad Ethics; Their First Mistake; The Cold Wave; 335 Oranges.
returns Stiffs one HCMIOI. menu solicited. Quickest and best returns.
.r._.-'-.-.-,,,>*:. 159 South Water Street Chicago. References: Whole fruit trade, Masonic

;..: -.JO.. Bank,and Co. Exchange Bank. '
Pittsburgh,Pa,926 to 931 Liberty avenue.y-
A.'J.. :BEACH & 'SON., New York N. Y., 88 Park Place and 9GB ..

N U R SEwRY; 4iE N ODORLESS BUG-KILLER. Washington street.Philadelphia .
Pa., Jas. Baltta, 11 and 13
Dock street. -

. $ Trees and Plants,of all]kinds Baited to this Kills Melon Bugs, Cucumber Bugs, Tomato Bugs and Worms, Potato Bugs, CabbageWorms ESTABLISHED 1878. <*sM.
"a Cut Worms, Rose Bugs andall other Bugs, Lice, etc., destructive to vegetables, I
climate. Camphor trees specialty. Also plants and shrubbery. Five-pound boxes,25 cents each, F.O. B. BURROWS & CO.,

,Japan mona; *Chestnuts. Pecans- and'Japan Persim H. G. HASTINGS' & CO., Interlachen, Fla., R FRUIT COMMISSION MERCHANTS ,

r Seedsmen and Florists. State Agents. For the sale of Oranges,Lemons andBananay .


1 ; '." ri.No.gee South Trent Street, Ample storage and refrigerators. Coax 4
: r. PROF. N. A. PRATT Consulting Chemist and Mining Engineer. respondence solicited. Stencils furnished.
PHILADELPHIA. .. '. Assistant Chemist. National Bank Wm. Edwards
Q. L. PRATT, References-Mercantile :
ACo.; Wholesale Grocers; Child.Groff ft; Co.,
COMMISSION, .MERCHANTS. Wholesale Boots and Shoes; BradstreeU and Be(J.
Fruits. and WV stables Specialties. Geological, Mining and Chemical Bureau. Cereland.Dun 4; Co.'. Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Fanner1 ,.

;-eo. ,_ Dr. H. I President Farmers'
6bnyrnaDeli r Fertilizer Co...GainesLo MARIETTA' STS. ATLANTA til.
; Johnson A :ec,' Seed Merchannts.219 BEE MAN
8tH Pailadelphla:.Ool. J. De V. Hazzard Chemical Analysis in all its Branches. Geological, Mining and ,
,Fku:;Xaj.John Mullins,.Norfolk Va.; Produce
Ml Bank.Philadelphia.efla f Technical Advice. F.hosphates and Fertilizers a Specialty.FALL Postal Will Get You
furnished when requested. Returns made

oa day __ ______ _
AND WINTER SEASON 1890 AND 189L Bee Keeping in Dixie.
WM. 'B.T.PAINE. 3. OVEBTON PAIICX. 60 Pages of Pictures and Printing and Prices.

JENKINS PARKER,Wetumpka, Ala.3.59t .
No.,685 Liberty: ve., : THE PAINE FERTILIZER, COMPANY,

Commission Merchants Dealers in '
Domestic Fruits. Oranges., in car Foreignand Iota a JACKSONVILLE .- FLORIDA. Day Line--St.:Johns River ;

-, Kf'. / .
.Coasigaxneata and correspondence solicited Office 60 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. C.A P.R. R., Except Sunday.
:v, .Refereaee, German National Bank. St.Johns River East Jacksonville.
x ..It. STB.EZJZA HANCOCK leaves Jacksonville .
'* .
r foot Main St.,at 2 p.m.for Hibernia,Magnolia,
L W. SHERMAN: &: 'CO., Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers.Wholesale Green Cove Spring, Plcolata, Federal Point, .' '

,"t BOSTON, Orange Mills and Palatka. Leaves Palatka ,tfPj,

RECEIVERS OF FLORIDA FRUITS. dealers in and importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals. 1 a.m., connects at Green Cove Spring for

,;' References: Dr. Henry Foster,OViedo,Fla.; Send us your name and we will mail you from time to tlme mach information Melrose and Santa Fe.Arrives at Jacksonville '
Oaf*. B. F. Whitner, Fort Reed, Fla.;.First regarding successful orange and vegetable culture in Florida. 12:30,p.nx,assuring early connection t-orUie

Jtetio&al\ Bank, Sanford 'Fla.; S.P. SJlga North and West. E.V.H. POST, Gen.Agt,
Lake Fla. J. ,W. Roberts; 'Orange .
'Lady ; Board :
Bead, Fla.; Dr. L. L.Newsoxn,Crescent t)", E. W. EBBKTTS, ROn
Fla.I Fourth National Bank, Boston; HHarris ,, ,The Flout Recommendation, to be Obt.lned'in the State-Florida Experiment Station. -Jas. ,P 100 W.Bay St.
A Co., Boston. DsPass, Director.
".. LASS Crrr,FLA.,Oct 29) 1880. Very choice Niagara crape 1'00-&I.
E.T. PAINS A Sow. Dear Sirs-I have used your'Orange Tree Food4' on my je,000
To introduce this grove for two years and my trees are growing very finely It is an excellent fcrtttlr and I
,Free Flowers bright,'handsome can recommend Um highly. Yours truly, ,JAB. r.,DxPAM.MESSES. rnn 000 Five-bud cutting of Niagara
for sale cheap.
16-page IllustratedawatMy grape
TAMP FUL,Oct. ao),1890.
,priee 66 teats flowers into ha thehome MESSES.E.T..PAINE A Box. Gentlemen am so far satisfied with the results obtained Both from old bearing vines,well mattered
of who
everyone who love agar- Food" Fertiliser of which I used over W tons the past season. true to name.
by the use of your "Orange wood and warranted
,... orw4o three
keep* poultry,we a of this brand shows that it ,
f rfy fruit is firm and heavy. Five yean continuous use produces *
'..,HM Wkd sobsenptlon and packet of very I., can locate a few very desirable homesteads
conditions in
market under : excellent -
fruit which carries to average
a thin tom gh ,
.l ewer 800 kinds for 10 in South
> seeds,over only The wood
the season. growth
shape. Not one"bad order"report did I receive past Florida.O.
-.**..fa : PAGE
staaaps. WBSTERN GARDEN, obtained by the use of your fertiliser is: not as great at by some others,butt HXAIAHT and ,
WATSOUE. AubtU'Dda1ehHt OA Fte
W.-e Des Moines,Iowa. oaBTAur. Yours truly 1..- ,,,

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Sure death to the Red Spider, Rust Mite and, Scale

} Insect.. Has no Caustic Soda, Saltpeter, Potash or.

other caustic substance. in its ; composition, and will

not injure trees, plants or fruit.


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.,. In Great Variety, at Manufacturer's"' Prices. ...

'" E BIN .
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.,_:.-.4': : SOLUTION '


Is .the most effective compound: yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and

is a sovereign 'remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and; plants. Being free from all substancesof

t a caustic, corrosive poisonous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied. ..

.., to the trees at any stage of,growth without in ury. C

This insecticide, has been, used by some of the the l largest orange growers in the State during ,.the "

past I year, and has given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. .;', to ",


,For Red Spider.and Scale, use: one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions, for using sent on application. ;


:' In barrels and half barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, :write for price ,delivered. ;

Manufactured by McMASTER & MILLER, ,',
:: San Mateo ,and Citra' Fla. '

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; -'Pb.e !I1P1e> r1.d.a D1 p a"'toh Zjilzre-: :
With the Magnificent Connections;
? ...

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

i . ,
The attention of shippers la directed to the Plant S. 8. Line between Havana,Key West and Tampa,and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford,8.,F.A W.By.between
Jacksonville,Gainesville,Bainbridge,.River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
York,and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah'and,Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all
points North!and Noit! west. .Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections i .
Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup, BainbrIdge and Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Balnbrldge,
8&vaanah.. Jess and Savannah to all paints in Florida. ;fast freight trains both via Oalne&vWeJaek-
Dally taxi freight all rail connection' via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonville,Callahan and Live Oak.
and Coast points, including. New, York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,'Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
FJIOv14eBe New York(New Pier 85,North. River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday.and
Tour connections a week for New York via Ocean;Steamship Company, ,leaving, Savannah Saturday.
Mondays, Wednesdays: ;Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston April 2,9.
( 'Two connections a week for Baltimore)via Merchants' and Miners'Transportation Com 16,Z1gnd 30 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with.]rut
P&f17leav-tug Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for all'points in Florida.
: -,Connexions for Boston via Boston'and, Savannah Steamship> Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia Mar.: 10, 20 and SO,
Aprll 2.8,16,28,and 30. every five days from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
r Connections for Philadelphia very' ten days via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation 'Co., every Tuesday and
Bavannah April 5,15 and 26. Friday, making close connection with 8.,F.&W.Ry.for all points in Florida.
!"_' S611tnir dan for Steamships are aubJect to:change without notice. I
;, The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best freight route from all points North,East and West to Florida.. For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply to
nay agents of the above 1norto WM.P.HARDEE,Genl Freight Agent,Savannah,Ga.
I I I 0 D.OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. F.'B.PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. M.DAVIDSON, Gen'l Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fla. 1.1r I
I,. J.A.BPOTTSWOOD,Trav.Agt.,Galnesville;Fla. J.P.JORDAN,Trav.Agent,Quincy. J.E.- .. .RATTON,'rav. Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.STEPHENS; ,Agent,Jack nvWe.

I ; Eustis, Lake County, Fla., '.:: :'
w -
f Made Expressly for. th'eFRUI'TAND TRUCK GROWERS OF FLORIDA. -
Offer for sale for immediate<< planting .. -=::?
: !
-Manufactured by the- -

...:r:' B. Darling Fertilizer Company-; ;Fawtncket, R.' I. A FINE STOCK OF ORANGE AND LEMON TREESOne

I t. -I. Southern Offices and! Ware> JACKSONVILLE, FLA. '':
seusee an 5 ,W. H. Al woxBEBaeaerai,gales Ageat, Bostwick Building. My Nurseries were entirely uninjured by the March freece.. h.F1a cow- dig tee>nJa?
seaaoa... _Write.foaftpeoialfrrices.. : -": :-". --,:::; .
I? r Oar:FgrtUteers have given Universal BaUsfectlon the, past season. Send. fur Catalogue, N1 Y l '"a :
jtytef jiWooi sad testimonials from acme_ the!leading growers., ".; ; a .H, NORTON'j'I ;
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h031e and Orrc lSlfd.1 I will be even 'more so. More of our tell you all what I think about 'irrigation interested in any way in land,boom-
committees than ever have signified for orange groves ; also *to speakat ing, but we make an honest living by
acceptance of the duties and we expect large and at length on the fertilizer raising pineapples for market. Andif
Invitation from President Adams. valuable reports, ana these, with- and the fertilizing subject; but it is any one doubts the truth of my as-
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Orower. out'doubt, will open spirited and valu- such a big subject that I can't. get sertion let them come and take a lookat
The. Florida State' Horticultural able discussions. straightened out for the article, and our fields. There is no way to hide *
Society will meet at Interlachen on Come all. again I fear if I write available ,you the tracks of frost in a pineapple field.
,the 12th of May, and it'should'call together DUDLEY "W. ADAMS. will read it valuable. But answer me I We will ship the coming season about
all the progressive and thinking ,President. this : If I buy a $40 fertilizer, how I five times as many as ever before.
and practical.fruit-growers of this fruit much of what I don't need do I buy? HARRY W. RICHARDS.Eden .
growing State.Abraham Frost, Pineapples, Mangos,Onions, And if I need a given element, ,in ,Fla.
Lincoln once said "everybody Fertilizers, Etc. what form or shape or condition do I
knows more than anybody.' ,I Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: need it most? Now I am satisfied that Plain Directions to a Novice.
This'is eminently true of horticulture. Mr. Davidson and others too, no bought bone meal for the past two Editor Farmer and Frult-Orowen t n. .
However much one of us may be puffed doubt, will be interested to hear from years, and in the hundred dollars paid As you seem to be placed in the *
up by what we know, all the rest of the the "little sub" on the above subjects.Let out I got about $10 worth of what I world and especially in the editorial
.. world can see that no one knows it all. ,me say first: that the winter has needed. I bought also potash as, sulphate chair to give ignorant and verdant
As i is natural for intelligent class been quite hard, and my pines exposedwere and cotton-hull ashes, and if I people advice and instructions, I make
of cultivators, our studies and researches scorched a little. I notice'that got any results from that I don't yet bold to address you. I came to Flor-
run in diverse channels, and the thrifty ones, suffer least. Those know it, and I made some careful ida over two years since from Michigan -
while one harvesting knowledge in under the bananas though not touched, notes, too. Now, a man buys a ton and have bought and planted outa
,one field, another. is gleaning in a and 0, aren't they fine 1 lOur poor of fertilizer and says, results good. grove of oVer twelve acres, mostly '
different one. white sandy palmetto land, near the : But at what cost? If we knew just budded. Considering the frost and
r The annual meeting of our society salt water especially, seem-s adaptedto what was most needed and, the most other calamities the trees look fairly
gives an opportunity to take counselof l pineapples; even the rosemary judicious form in which to apply it, as well. I fertilize with muck, potash,and
each other,. and make available for scrubs with a little cottonseed meal to also the best season in which to apply, Mapes and other fertilizers moderately.But .
each ',the knowledge of all.. No one help them out seem made to grow etc., it,would be gratifying, and be the now I see the scales are getting
who means to keep up with the,pro pines And the article-from Brother means of turning the ,tables in many quite bad on some of the trees. ,Now,
cession can afford to be absent from James has set me on fire. Wherecan cases. Some groves need, potash, I wish you to tell a verdant late comer
.'these meetings.. I get some Smooth Cayenne some phosphate and some chiefly nitrogen in the simplest, plainest manner, just
The proceedings as published are of plants at a figure to 'suit my purse? but the best forms to procure how to get rid of this pest. I wish to
very great value, and should> be put Others class the Red Spanish as last these elements in is the question for do it as cheaply as possible, of course.I .
in the hands of all by the State; but on the list of desirable kinds, but the Agricultural Experiment Station to read the FRUIT GROWER constantly,
no report can give the reader what surely they never ate any grown answer.. It is generally safe to assume having been a constant subscriber
the ,spectator and participator: can here. They are so awful good a boy that if orange trees are "off color' since I began to set my grove. I read
get from actual contact with the would hit his daddy or bite his tongueoff they may need a complete, fertilizer or of spraying, "insecticide", etc., but
most intelligent, practical and successful eating one. As the nigger said, they may only need ,a little nitrogen.If have never seen any of them used and
horticulturists ,of the State.It "hush, you make me fall off'n,dis here they are "in color" and not fruitful, I hardly know at what time to use themor
is not in the regular sessions and hoss 1" All I ask is to be rid of the they may be induced to fruit by an how often in the season, or what to
debates alone that we get ideas, but in prickles application of phosphate. If the fruitis get for a spraying machine. Do they
private, in public, in hotels, in streets, I will extend my patch this year then scabby, sour and coarse, it have reliable machines that could be
in ,all our intercourse; we are never and try the arbor protection, as' forest may be improved by an application of carried about by one man and used on t
out of earshot of something we' ought culture is a failure here. They will potash. But the availability of the small trees successfully? or must theybe
to,know. not grow:under my orange: trees either, various forms of these elements' of such size as they must be carriedin
1( The people of Interlachen have invited as I said last year I thought they depends"-. And now let the a wagon ? Will whale oil soap applied -
, ,.. us to meet 'in their midst, and would. I have seen them do so, Experiment Station throw on.the light. to trunks and limbs remove scaleor
tll., If' we are assured of a hearty welcome. though. The late cold snap bit some WM. P. NEELD. be valuable to trees, etc.? I am a
If'anyone for_a moment thinks that little things in some localities, but Plnellas, Fla.Report great lover of, Florida. and have made
he cannot spend time from his work there is a ten acre watermelon patch my permanent home here, and much
to attend, let him remember: the irrepealable just back of my grove which is O. K. from the East Coast. desire my grove to do well. Any information
,I law, that those who think Our first bloom of mangos is largelya Editor Fanner and FrultGrower.I will be thankfully received.G. .
and not those who work alone govern failure, as the fruit has dropped noticed an article in your valuable I. B.
the world. The day has passed'when a pretty generally. I hope for another paper, by Mr. Davidson, locating the Bowling Green, Fla..
t man can win in the race.for success by bloom. true frost line of Florida. He seems We have used for small trees and
I brute force and dogged hard work. Now I .come to onions, .and againMr. to think that because the people northof i shrubs a garden sprayer, which any
'Competition is now too keen 'and Jim has fired me up. I know I Jupiter Inlet do not write to the I good tinsmith can make. Jet it be
wideawake j reading, thinking, traveling can get rich on onions One man papers and are not constantly adver- of tin, in the shape of a capital letterA
observing men are our co mpeti-- here made "at the rate" of $1,600.00on tising their place that these are worth- (inverted when in use), with the
tors. If we are not their equals in onions last year, and this season less and that they are frozen out every large stem three feet long and two
these winning qualities we will be far thought to strike it rich and retire, but year;; while the truth is, Eden, on In- inches in diameter, and the small stem
behind in the race. he overdid it, and his crop is nearlya dian river, is as free of frost, we be- about two feet long and an inch in
No one need send any proxies to failure, but still it will beat big or- lieve, as any place in the State. The diameter at the bottom, tapering to
this meeting, for no officers with fat anges. Others have made at the rate frost that visited ;he State on the 7th i three-quarters at the top. Let the
salaries are to be elected. The meetings "of a fortune" to the acre. That's all of this month (Aril did not do the main stem be provided with a wooden
are solely for mutual benefit- and right; we can now put onions on the peopleof Eden more than one hun plunger: or piston and valve at the
not to provide salaries for a favored, dred dollars da age. We do not bottom just below the junction of the
few. i list.Well, my caption subjects have run deny having a ittle in spots. But smaller stem. This latter is to have
The two'meetings which :have been out, but I want to ask"you to let that how about Lake Worth, Mr. Davidson two 'adjustable nozzles, also of tin, one
.held, at Orlando in 1889 and Deland fertilizer war go on;. let'em fight it out. ? At Juno here was ice. We to throw a straight stream (for washing
I. ::In 1890, were very,successful indeed, We on the fence want to get some did not have any. We do not make windows or similar work), the other
.-'.'and we have.'reason to believe this data..., 'I thought some day I .would ' by selling land,'and are not with-a-funnel-shaped tip in which fits

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snugly a funnel-shaped plug ,of tin, failure to form fruit-bearing wood; the they are ready "for business," when discovered to my surprise that the buds
causing the stream to fly out in a: peas took,it.all. eggs; command the best price. concealed a berry instead of a blossom.
spray. So often I see cowpeas? planted in The "April fool frost," as our editor When the fruit ripened, I gatheredsome
There are several good sprayers ad- young':groves. It is done to "fertilizethe calls it, did not do much damagein seed and sent it to J. T. Lovett,
vertised in our columns, either knap-- land." Bosh! The thing goes on this locality, though so much farther of Little Silver, New Jersey, with a request -
sack or wheelbarrow sprayers; one of first rate if' the land is rich enough; north than so many places reported to test the value of this species
which is offered 'for. $5.:So., But .if i the: peas 'do finely and the orange trees badly injured. Some tomato plants under the conditions of soil and cli-
your trees are not over seven or eight seem to grow well; but wait until this killed, others not touched at all in the mate of this country. I felt sure thatif
feet high, ,the simple garden sprayer seed-forming time comes. The peas same,rows, and it was the same way it would grow here as it did in its
described will answer for several years, begin to ,bloom, the orange trees are with melons, beans, etc. mountain home in Japan, it would bea
and need not cost over $2.50. getting yellow, and w4 now they have Over a hundred acres of White valuable addition to our list of small
If you can not wait for either, you stopped growing, and yet it is the season Niagara grapes have been set out in fruits. The seed germinated freely,
can throw the emulsion on trees not when we should get our best this vicinity during the past two years. and the young plants succeeded be-
over seven feet high very well and I growth, and we have lost one-half the The frost injured some of the vines yond expectation. In 1889, the stock
economically with a wisp or brushof year's growth of our grove while we and the crop of fruit will be lessened, raised from the seed was sold to Mr.
broom grass or pine boughs. Wrapit have been "fertilizing" it with cow- but many places were not touched at Childs, of Floral Park, Long Island, --
tight around the middle with a string all,, and the growers are still hopefulthat who has disseminated it under the
and dip the brushy end in a bucket of peas.Don't understand me as a clean Moultrie will have White Niag- name of Japan Wineberry. It is per- '
the emulsion. culture advocate; not at all; but grow ara's for market this summer.,, fectly hardy here, grows well, and is a
For all kinds of scale and insects; crabgrass, weeds or something whose The oranges, plums and peachesare heavy yielder of fruit.
except the rust mite, you can make the crop of seeds does not depend on the not injured. Our Peen-to peach As a berry plant it has the great ad-
emulsion as follows : Make two gal quantity of potash and phosphoric acid trees are full of fruit, and the peaches vantage over other varieties that the
lons of whale oil soap suds as strongas the soil contains; yes, and the lime, have not dropped, but have grown fruit is neyer attacked by insects.
it can be made, and while it is boil too, for it takes it all. since the'frost. The hairy, viscous calyx, which covers
ing hot (though not while it is,in the vicinity JAMES MOTT. The Kelsey plums are not holding the berry till it is full grown, effectu-
of the fire, of course) pour a Orlando,April 13. their fruit so well as last year, or ally repels all insects. I examined
gallon of kerosene into it and pour it rather they did not set so many, them carefully, but never found a
from one vessel into another for ten Editor Fanner and FruitGrower.I though loaded with bloom. The or- wormy berry on this species. This
f minutes in order to mix it thoroughly.When have read Dr. Deaver's letter with ange trees have set more fruit than theycan was not owing to lack of incects, for,
it has cooled dilute it, to make considerable amusement. .He puts possibly hold ; Mandarins, Tan-. the berries of several other species
forty gallons. For ,spraying select a me in mind of some "veterinary sur gerines and Navels all full. growing in the same locality were nearly -
cloudy day or do it in the afternoon, g ons" who, when an animal is sick, We have one little Satsuma two feet all wormy. The berry is of good
and do it so,thoroughly,as ,to wet every j just keep on pouring down stuff until high that has forty oranges on it. size, firm and handsome. But it is
leaf on both sides and, every twig on the horse is dead. If Dr. Deaver S. M. C. not only valuable as a berry plant.Its .
which there are scale insects. Repeatin keeps on putting stuff on his trees they Moultrie Ut. Johns County. luxuriant growth, bright foliage and
will be dead like the horse.I -- -
two weeks. reddish appearance of the stems, owing -
Use this emulsion:at once; it is now have noticed orange growers who, Japanese Wineberry. to the color of the hair, make it a
so late in the season that the insects in going through the grove, always RUBUS PHCENICOLASIUS, Maxim. unique and striking ornamental, plant,
are: spreading and multiplying.-ED. have their clippers along to cut every ('Rubusoccidcntalis, Thunb.) Jap. Saru- which is worthy of a place in every
tree. that- does not show up to. their ichigo, Urajiro-ichigo, Ytbicara ichigo. door-yard in the land. It will growin
Replies to Doctor Beaver. idea of a tree. Particularly when ,a This somewhat remarkable raspberry is any soil but it attained its greatest
Editor Farmer and Frult-Orower: : tree' by mishap gets burned or frosted, wild in the mountains of central and size i in the loose scoria peculiar to the
: The last copy of your valuable the first thing done is to cut off' the northern Japan, though I have nowhere Usui Toge mountains. The only mer.
paper has,an article from Dr. John W. par that'' is not hurt. I say just let found it very abundant. It is it that I could discover in this soil was
Deaver, of Verona, Fla., asking "What the tree severely alone until time tells a bush of from three to seven feet high. that_ it was well drained. In a dry
shall we do to secure a future ,crop?" what to do. So I would say to Dr. The canes are more or less inclined to country it would have been sterile, but
He says his trees are nice and healthy Deaver just stop for a little while and ramble, and they are thickly covered the: very frequent and heavy showers
in appearance, and put on a nice and see what effect all the washing and with stout hairs and weak prickles, set kept it moist and able to support plant
rapid growth last summer, but did not scrubbing you have done will have; at right angles to the stems. Foliage life. This raspberry propagates itselfin
bloom as they ought to for trees of and in a reasonable time j just go and light green, white below, resemblingthat the same manner as the blackcaps,
their size. He Fays, furtherthat he' give them a reasonable amount of some of the common raspberry; the terminal by bending the tips of the canes to the
took charge of the grove last fall, and standard fertilizer and cultivate about leaflet is' larger than the others, ground, where they take root. It is
that in the summer cowpeas had been once each month, and you will have broadly oval, dentate or double dentateor not cultivated by the Japanese, but
planted, which he simply let alone.It some fruit to dispose of. even lobed. Flowers very small, they gather: the berries wherever
is possible that I can' ,tell the LEVI RISINGER. white; sepals large, hairy, viscous, and bund.-American Garden.
Doctor the cause of this failure to Sorrento, Fla after blooming they close again over .
Both of our correspondents are vet-
bloom and set fruit, though I may be the fruit, and grow in size with the Nut Culture for the South.
erans, and. they address the Doctor,
wrong. I never saw cowpeas plantedin who is a novice, somewhat brusquely.But berry, so as to keep it effectually cov- Chief VanDeman of the Departmentof
an orange grove, say thick enoughso it often appears to be the case thata ered until it is full grown, when they Agriculture predicts that the culti-
that the ground was covered, but moderate amount of the let-alone open and expose the fruit to view. vation of nuts will soon be one of the Y
the trees were more or less injured by treatment seems to be best for sweet When the sepals"first open the berry greatest and most profitable industriesof
it. Especially is it so with young seedlings.-ED. is white, but in two or three days it the United States. The large returns -
trees. It is said the cowpea is an air- .. turns a bright red, when_ it becomes from individual trees and immense -
feeding plant; in one sense that is Fruit and Poultry Notes. sweet and delicious, with a flavor profits from established orchards .
'true. As with all broad.leaved plantsthe Editor Farmer and Frult-Orower. something between the common red have stimulated the interest, .and our
leaves and woody fiber come from I, will give our egg record for March, raspberry and the blackcap. It blooms foremost enterprising fruit growers are
the carbonic acid"gas that is generatedin as I think it goes ahead of the one late in the mountains, not until the planting nut trees largely for market
the soil, which in some way has first published from South Florida two last of June, and the fruit ripens in the purposes; others who enjoy,the nuts ''
come from the atmosphere. The leaves weeks ago.Twenty. last of August. On the plain I found during winter are realizing that in or- 1
also drink in nitrogen from the dews i' hens laid four hundred eggs, that it matured fruit about a month der to have an abundant supply it is ,
and rainfall. All this causes no trou- being on an average twenty eggs for earlier.In only necessary to plant the trees, as
ble to the orange tree that it may surround each hen. The highest number for the summer of 18871 spent some hardy varieties are now grown which
; but how about the seed, the anyone day was seventeen, but on weeks of my vacation in the mountainsat succeed in all parts of our country. .,
crop of peas? No ,air-feeding about I several days there were fifteen or sixteen Usui Toge, Nagane Prefecture, The pecan is the nut of the future,
that; it is made up of the dormant elements -: laid They began laying in De- where I found many plants of this rtr. VanDeman further says, but he ,_
of the soil which this carbonic cember, some of them, or rather in raspberry growing luxuriantly in the forecasts large returns from walnuts,
acid gas has made soluble, set free,' November, and never stopped entirelyeven yellow, almost sterile scoria, thrownout chestnuts, pine and hazel nuts, almonds
so the plant could take it up., While during the moulting season last of Asama yama long years ago. filberts, etc. One grower in
this gross-feeding plant has been get- fall. Eight of them are pullets Arriving there in the middle of July, Florida has now a grove of 4000 pecan
ting in its work of reproduction, the latched last August. They begin laying the bushes had bloomed, but the young trees six years old. "When they begin -
helpless orange trees wait; and as it is in January. We find it more profitable fruit was clasped so closely by the to bear, their product will be
going on at the time.of growth in the raising fall pullets for laying sepals that it appeared like great swelling worth $100,000 yearly at wholesale"a -
tree when it should be storing up food than to keep over those that have buds that gave promise of giant figure which certainly makes tobacco {
also, for reproduction,; it is robbed of been hatched in the spring. Set flowers. I waited' patiently for them raising and orange growing seem, far
,those essential substances. Hence the them the first week in August, ,then t!o open, and finally, upon examination less tempting. Mr. 'C. H., Daniels

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of Georgia, has a pecan 'tree- which The Spanish chestnut Castanea vesca, lof a force pump. As it is practically I QUESTIONS AND REPLIES.; ...
bears annually from ten to fifteen is more than twice as large as the insoluble in water, care will be necessary All reasonable questions coming from a subscriber
bushels of nuts which sell readily American variety, but it is not half in making ,the mixture and in ,will be answered as promptly as possible, and
wholesale for four and five dollars a so sweet, and well, flavored. It is, keeping it well stirred while using in without charge,if addressed to the editor at Lawtey.
h bushel. Col. Stuart, of Ocean Springs, however, delicious when cooked, and order that the poison may not settleat wwwwww Replies can not be glren by maIL
Miss., has made ;a wide reput2tion as I the number of delicate dishes pre the bottom. In mixing either Paris 93. FLORIDA COLLEGES. F. E. 0.,
a successful cultivator. With referencetQ pared from it is surprising. A number -; green or London'purple it is better to North Lima, Ohio.-The Stetson Univer-
the pecan he said, "I of recipes come from Itally, Ger-I add only enough water to form a thick DeLand, at Lake, and City the ,State are Agricultural very good-
planted those large paper-shell pecan many and England. Among them paste, and then when the poison is institutions. The former gives more
nuts when I was fifty-seven years old, are "chestnuts stewed-with cream," thoroughly wet, add sufficient waterto prominence to a literary course, the latter
and now at sixty-nine, I tell you they "chestnut bread and griddle cakes," dilute as may be desired. ,to scientific studies and a military
help me to live. J got 117 pounds "chestnut soup," and "chestnut stuf. The proper proportion to be used training.
from one tree last fall, sold 105 poundsfor fing*for fowls," all of which have been varies with the plants to which) the Lake 94. WORKS Charles, ON La.-THE We not W.know G.,

$105, planted the remainder, and pronounced delectable by different ,liquid is to be applied. For spraying where you can obtain the work you referto.
have a fine lot of young trees (for sale. epicures. The Spanish chestnut apple, pear, plum and cherry trees, The Jennings Nursery Co.,Thomas-
Pecan culture, planting the very l large grows readily from the nut, thrives one pound of Paris green to 200 gal- ville, Ga.. have issued a very good pam-
? nuts, I consider one of the safest and well in this country and produces in lons of water should be used, though phlet on the subject.
' best paying industries a man can engage about seven years. A good averagefor when the foliage is young and in a 95. MELON BLIGHT. F.I.P., Palma
Sola, Fla.-It is that have
probable you
in." a Spanish chestnut throughout its waxy condition a stronger mixture can planted your melons too long in the same
The pecan forests of Texas furnish prime is $25 yearly. A Japanese be used than upon older foliage. When place; we can not assign any other prob-
large quantities of rich nuts to the chestnut has been i introduced lately, used upon peach foliage the proper able cause without a fuller knowledge of
market of New Orleans whence theyare as bearing at three years of age very proportion is about one pound to 250 the circumstances. Examine your vines
shipped to Europe, where they are large nuts of superior quality, and at gallons of water for the first application long carefully you have and write been us planting again, stating in the same how
said to bring a higher price than any small size gives a truly wonderful and one pound to 300 gallons for place.
other nut. yield. second application.When 96. SEED CORN. L'. E. P., Archer,
This tree, Hicoria Pecan, is native All three make' beautiful shade mixed with water, Paris greenis Fla.-See note on editorial page. This
from southern Indiana to the Gulf of trees for the lawn, and none of themare an excellent application for codling will 97.perhaps EARLY explain SWEET the POTATOES.delay. G.

Mexico, and valuable new varietiesare handsomer, none as sweet as our moth, curculio, fall web-worm, potato W. 0., 1.lontclair.Ve think it would
being obtained which propagateby own native chestnut. The Country beetle, leaf rollers and. various other pay to grow early sweet potatoes, of
grafting, and these command fancy ; Gentleman records an instance wherea leaf-eating insects. certain varieties, for the Northern mar- ,
prices. H. Pecan is known in our man of sixty planted a chestnut Paris green may also be used advan. ket. But most farmers in Florida seem
to be unwilling to plant the kinds whichare
botanies as Carya olivaformis but the orchard, and lived to enjoy its fruit. tageously in a dry form, either aloneor in demand in the North that is, dry
genus was first named Hicoria, and its Cultivated. fields are often planted in mixed with flour. In the dry formit and mealy potatoes. We can not find
right of priority has been recently chestnuts, forty to sixty feet apart and is the best application for the cotton any advertised for sale in any of our numerous -
recognized. It is a beautiful, sym cultivation continued until bearing be- leaf worm. It is easily applied pure exchanges.. .
1 *
metncal, and rapid growing tree, with by being sifted through bags placedat It it
gins.Castanea the s fight cold frequently cont racted
luxuriant, bright green foliage, much pumila or chinquapin is a the ends of a long pole as described that finally undermines the system. Use Dr.
narrower .than that of any other small tree of twenty or thirty feet, in Bulletin No. 12 of this Station, or Bull's Cough Syrup In the beginning stages
ickory. The nuts are oblong, smooth, bearing usually at the height of four if mixed with flour and applied when and be cured. .-4
and thin-shelled, with sweet and delicious feet. Its nuts are small but sweet, the leaves are wet with dew, the The Kieffer can be in
pear grown
kernels. There is a fine one' and sell readily; school boys in par "Roach Poison Distributor" will be abundance in many sections where
in the grounds of the capitol at Washington ticular being always eager to buy found a satisfactory machine. other pears can not. It also succeeds
D. C. The trees should be them. Under cultivation this tree London purple is an arsenite of lime. well in almost any part of western
planted 30 feet apart48 to the acre. might do wonders, as the nuts doublein Being a waste product in the manufacture New York. It is one of the very
Another profitable hickory is H. size, and the yield is enormous in of aniline dyes it is very cheap, best pears for canning purposes, even
ovata-the Shag Bark. This is, the case of well grown specimens.Its being sold at less than one-half the if not always of good eating quality.It .
without doubt, the most popular of feathery white sprays of delicately price of Paris green. It contains a is one of the most productive varieties
our wild nuts and is the only hickorynut scented blooms make it also quite or. smaller per cent. of arsenic than does in existence. There is a great
suitable for dessert purposes, witha I namental. It is native and very com- Paris green, but for many purposes is and increasing demand for it in our
shell thin enough to yield to the nut mon in the Southern States., equally good. It is used in the same city markets. It is pronounced to be
crackers. Hybrids with thin shells An orchard of English walnuts in manner and for the same purposes as the most profitable market sort by all
are becoming common, however, at California containing 100 acres yieldsa Paris green. Many prefer it to the who grow it largely.-Pract Farmer.,
the expense, it is to be feared, of fine net profit of $15,000 yearly. An- latter because of its cheapness, but as 1 Q 4
keeping quality, which is due to the other in the same. State, of 40 acres, it is more liable to cause injury to foliage For Nervous Debility
thick shell. It' is a most picturesqueand although not in full bearing, last year it should not be used upon tender Use Hereford's Acid Phosphate.DR .

graceful tree, splendid tor parks, gave a return of nearly $6,000. Evi-- plants nor upon peach trees. E. T. GAUNEAU, Superior,
either singly or in groups. Hickorytrees dently it is a good 'crop for California Tobacco is used with much successin Wis., says : "I have used it in cases of
require a rich, mellow soil, and This walnut, Juglans regid, grows well some cases. A decoction can be nervous debility and overworked brain,
found growing wild are considered in many of the Southern States and made by pouring four gallons of boil. wi'11zht utmost satisfaction.
"signs good land." There is much bears abundantly. It is one of the ing water on one pound of leaves and
difference in die size of the shell-bark most beautiful of trees, and eight or straining when cold, after which it is
nuts. A tree growing in Union Co., ten years from planting bears a fine applied by means of a pump. Tobaccois BEIMTON&UPSONJACKSONVILLE
N. C., bears nuts as large, with shellas nut well known in commerce.Orchard especially effective in destroying lice
thin, as English walnuts Young and Garden. upon cattle and poultry.-Miss. Ex. FLA.,
trees are difficult to transplant, and r Sta. Bulletin.
therefore the nuts should be plantedin Insecticides.A --9----
early autumn where they are to very good preventive, not strictly The Camphor Industry in Florida. IRRIGATING
grow. A grove cut for timber soon an insecticide, is pure raw ground The new industry of camphor pro-
renews itself from sprouts, which, if bone sprinkled on the leaves of plants.Its duction gives promise of being per
properly treated, make. fine trees. evil odor repels them. Tobacco manently established in Florida. It is
The pig-nut and mocker-nut when dust or stems will often answer the believed that in ten years' time there MACHINERY
quite large trees are often grafted with same purpose. will be more camphor trees than
H. cvata, and made to pay well for Pans Green is an arsenite of copper orange trees in Florida, and that the ,
the ground which otherwise they cum- and contains about fifty-five per cent. camphor industry will be more profit- BOTH
of arsenic, but the proportion is some- able than that of sugar. It is stated
ber.The prophet Ezekiel testified; con.. what variable. This substance was that the camphor obtained from the
cerning the beauty of'the chestnut tree first used for destroying the potato Florida trees approaches more nearlyto
when he said, "Not any tree of the beetle, but is now used to destroy any that of Japan than to Chinese cam-
garden of the Lord was like unto him other insects which eat foliage. It phor, since the odor of safrol is distinctly -
in his beautythe chestnut trees' retails at about twenty-five cents per : recognizable.Commerciat Ad.
were not like his branches." It is pound; but when bought in quantity vertiser. PIPE, PIPE FITTING, BRASS
probable that he had also often tasted I-I I may be had much cheaper. It maybe .
the sweetness of its nuts,but of i its worth i applied either in liquid or dry form. The oppressed subjects European govern- ,VALVE, HOSE, ETC.
ments torn to this country for free homes,
as a financial he I!.When used as a liquid it should be
speculation probably free law and for the free use of Salvation.Oilfor -
,knew nothing..v -: .. :; l mixed with water and applied by means their pains. ..:;Write for Estimates. .


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FJn'dElJ1J'D]' tliEl\. was beginning to realize from his Coco or Malanga.Editor pled heavily and well covered with
promising harvest. Farmer and Fruit-orower: clay. In a day or so the mass was
"We are all happy, busy and con- Mr.\ Henley, of Bluefield, was per- well within the mouth of the pit.
.Some Very Profitable_ Tomato tented here in our beautiful lake fectly right in his description of the During the settling all cracks were .
Growing. region. There ,are no improved plant "coco," although he might have carefully closed. The pit held 13,000 .

Professor Art Williams, ,of the places 'for sale cheap,' no, not even added the many other names by which pounds of green forage. As its capacity -
'Summerlin Institute Polk to be had at twice their cost; but we this plant is known in the Spanish was 324 cubic feet, the silage
.county_ sends us ,the following letter have room for more. Our lands are Main. Perhaps, though,it is the only weighed forty pounds to the cubic
received: by himself from Dr. .F:. W. the most productive .of any in the one by which it is known there, as 1 foot. Upon opening the silo, after
o Inman, of Winter Haven. The tele- State, the prices are not 'low' but that is the one most generally given it the lapse of some months, the silage
grams mentioned, of which the originals reasonable, and there are as good by the English-speaking people of proved to be of good quality, of a
were enclosed, show that the locations for, homes, yet unimproved, these parts. In Honduras it has the yellowish green .appearance and acid
tomatoes were selling in ,St. Louis the as those we occupy. We invite all common names, coco, yutilla, and odor and taste.
I first two weeks in April at $6,a_ crate: who doubt this, bright picture to come i amongst the Spanish, malanga "The success of the experiment
"I have received your letter of this and see. Yours_ very truly, name' which comes, believe, from greatly relieved me, for the farm
"FRED \V. INMAN. Cuba where it has a large consump superintendent, thorough-going Eng-
I jnorning. No! the frost has not hurtus -
in this neighborhood'norverybad' : "P. S.-There is another worthy tion. The scientific or botanicalname lish farmer, and many of the neighborshad
I think, across the lakes. I am really feature of our growing tomato industry is Colocasia indica or eseulenta. prophesied failure, and expressed 4
glad that the comparative freedom from which is this that it is not Allow me to say in conclusion :thatI their anxiety to pronounce upon the
frost of these sand hills is attractingsuch for the men only but the ladies come am a subscriber and a great admirerof quality of the manure that would be

a large amount of public interest. in for their share, not only of your paper.MORRIS forthcoming in the spring. In 1880
the labor but the M. KEARNY. this pit was deepened,and lengthened,
Though we do not need or ask for any profits too. Theycan
Trujlllo, Honduras.
.exaggerated! statements,. the truth is grow a tomato crop as well as the and a much larger one excavated near
quite intoxicating and 'we,are really men, and nearly, if not quite, every The Cold in Alabama.Editor the barn. The difficulty experienced :
surprised at it ourselves. If you:have lady in our settlement does some Farmer and Fruit-Grower. the preceding year in getting the corn
any skeptics send them up this way important part of the growing and The cold snap of April 5th and 6th out of the silo-for I had to employ an
and ask them to see for themselves."I harvesting. To-day one young lady has, without doubt, killed all the axe for the purpose, so compact was
am shipping daily, on an average, worked nine hours and made $1.60, peaches. Pears are dropping off, but the mass-and the rejection of the
too crates of tomatoes. To-day (Monday while little .girls eleven to fourteen I some may stick. Grapes killed also. butts of large stalks by the cattle, con- .
) I gathered from my field about years old made from 60 cents to $i Strawberries are now filled with frozen vinced me that it would be more econ-
.ISO cases, and of this number we got in the same time, wrapping and pack- fruit and blasted blooms, but are more omical to cut up the corn before put-
off 117, which are selling at $6 per ing the fruit into baskets." vigorous looking than at any time ting it in the silo. I therefore pur-
,crate-a fact which the enclosed tele- r since the cold snap of February.Irish chased a small cutter and a one-horse .
grams will confirm. Florence Station Grab Grass Hay. potatoes damaged about 25 percent railway tread power. With this simple :'
shipped to-day about 225 cases, and Editor Farmer and Frnlt-ttrower and this will be made up in bet. and inexpensive machinery, which
will ship as many every day for a long The cheapest'hay I ever bought in ter prices. Tomatoes nearly all killed; was of course available for many
time to come, and Winter Haven as Florida was cottonseed meal. One nearly all .plants were out." This is a other farm purposes, all the corn and
many or more. hundred pounds of it sowed on the loss that cannot be made up. Beans other green forage was easily cut into '
"I have forty acres in my tomato poorest'"land I have in the rainy season nearly'all killed, and have been to a, half inch lengths and delivered directly
patch-equal to one row seventy-five last year gave 300 pounds good crab great extent replanted; also cucum- from the cutter into the pit. One .<
miles long-which. we gather from grass hay. There was :about one- bers,melons, etc.,where not replanted, hand was employed to level and pack
every day. The cost of growing this tenth of an acre of land, and it was will be planted in corn. The loss is ,down the mass, and whenever the \
,. crop has not been very.astoundingnot so poor, grass would not, have been very great to the section but can be mule in the tread power was exchanged *
more than a field of f corn of the high enough to mow at all without made up somewhat by corn and sweet the other hands assisted in -
number of But what After the tramping. When filled a layer of
same acres. some fertilizing. grass was : potatoes. Unfortunately several newcomers *
does astound me is the amount I am mowed, there was much more left to from the North who had invested straw .was first spread over the mass
realizing every day.. It is as follows: plow under than there would have all they had are caught by this boards were placed transversely across *.
Say 75 cases per day at $6=$450, less been without the fertilizing.I spell and this will, no doubt, have a this and a covering of red clay thrown
freight and commission, $150, leaves intend to give it a more extended check on more coming.As over aU."Clay. TM
$375 per day net.. Continue this for trial this year on better ground and the fruit crop is nearly all gone, weighs about eighty poundsper
thirty days, or $375X3=$II,25; right among my orange trees .too. I would recommend planting for homeuse cubic foot. A rough shed pro- *
then for thirty days longer at half the Two or three tons to the acre of hay the Vine Peach or Peach Melon tected the silo from the weather. The |
rate, $5,625; showing a gross 'income ;and a good stubble to turn under in as" it is called. It makes a nice pre- silage again proved to be of excellent '
from forty acres of $17,875, less expense the fall is not bad farming if you don't serve and is a very abundant bearer; quality. My two years' experience ..
of and the off with ensilage taught me, first, that .
growing fertilizing get anything else the land that plants like the cucumber. ."
crop, say $1,000; harvesting, packingand JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.Grand corn or other green stuff would keep
casing, 50 cents per case,.$i688? year.Many of the vegetable growers in Bay, Ala.Underground. as well in pits dug in the naked clayas
in bricked and cemented silos.
total cost of $2,688, leaving me a net this part of the State have found out up
profit of $15,187, 0:' about, $380 'an that they can raise a large quantity of Ensilage This conclusion was reached after
acre. Pshawl! who wants a bank or a hay on their land after their crops of The following experiment made by comparing my ensilage with samples
better country for farming? Why will tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbages, etc., Dr. J. M. McBryde, is given in the taken from expensive silos. The soil
,.people settle and remain in sectionsof are taken off. I was talking with one South Carolina agricultural report. The has antiseptic properties, and loss due ,
the country where frost comes as the other day who had twenty tons to same kind of a pit could be used in many to the moulding of the silage in .immediate
in West Florida but in the contact with the sides is less
regular as the new moon? .sell. I was shown a quarter acre places ,
"These figures may be altered some- piece of land that had been fertilized sandy soils of South Florida a cheap than in cemented silos. The only
what upon final summing up, but very highly for English peas. The board house would be required : drawback to such pits is the tendency ;
they are only in accord with the peas had failed but crab grass came "A pit nine feet long, six feet deep of the walls to crumble when exposed .
present outlook, and I have; taken my on, a wonder to behold and made; a and six feet wide was excavated, at to the action of frost at the close of the
own present crop for a basis to figure ton ,of hay. the cost of a few dollars, in the com- winter, after the removal of the silage. ,
upon. Some doubting ones may say: Now if you think this is a fish story, pact clay of a dry knoll. The walls In the mild climate of middle and "
is were composed of the naked clay. lower Carolina the injury from this
'He an exception he is an experi- go a .fishing for crab yourself.
The somewhat wilted cause would be slight, and could be ;
enced, practical truckman. On the FRANCIS TRUEBLOOD.Archer corn, by a
contrary, I never grew a crop or Fla. long.continued drought, was cut when prevented by a temporary lining of :
farmed any before in my whole life. the ears were beginning to glaze, and boards or easily remedied' by a slight
True, it is a favorable crop, but nearly The trustees of the Florida Agricul- carted first to the weighing room and enlargement of the pit each season,
every one of my neighbors i is equally tural College at a meeting Friday, then to the pit where it was laid down in order to restore the perpendicularity ,
-'successful. Moreover this year is loth, created a preparatory depart- lengthwise and closely packed away, of the walls; for the walls must be '
not an exception, but on the contrary, ment, electing Prof. Martin as prin- layer by layer. The mass was carried smooth and perpendicular in order to '
only a repetition of the past five years, cipal. This department provides for vertically upwards nearly six feet allow the weight to follow the mass as
for you yourself know how many all who may be found unprepared to above the mouth of the pit in order to it settles." ;:
times we have escaped Injury from enter the regular college studies next allow for its settling. Two or three r. t
frost when' the whole State from year. A very high curriculum was feet of clay were then thrown on the BROWN'S IRON BITTERS '
Punta Gorda to Tallahassee has as adopted and the requirements for admission top of the forage. After twentyfourhours Cures Indigestion '
Dyspepsia _
often ,been blackened, by killing will hereafter be very,rigid.- it had nearly settled down to the &' ,. .'
freezes, just as: the .hoping. .'farmer :Lake City Reporter.. . mouth of the pit. ,It was then tram- Debility. 1

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POUrY&ndJpL&> I Poultry Notes. aside. Next you have to go throughthe CASSAVA-A NEW SOURCE OF HONEY.I .

P1. Editor Farmer and FruJt- rower; original or old hive to find the send you a specimen of cassava .

It is not advisable to set from which ,be
eggs queen, must, destroyed honey. As you are aware, cassava i is
Dry Feeding-"-Bice Hulls: pullets under ten months old; a yearis (killed). After having found and disposed grown as far North as middle Mississippi :

better to insure best results.Don't of the old close the which is excel :
Editor farmer and Fruit Grower queen up for the root, an

Some,weeks ago we'referred to 0., *** hive for that day. Your new' hive lent food for man and beast, which

S. Bliss' method of giving feed dry. waste money on patent poultry ,with the queen and two or three latter includes hogs, cows, sheep,

In a late article in the New York feeds tonics, etc.; they do more combs of hatching bees may for convenience chickens, etc. From it is made an
Tribune harm than good in the long run. Provide be set alongside of ,the old
he refers to the matter again, excellent starch, and tapioca is also a.

in answer to many inquiries on the : a variety of good, wholesome one; being closed at the entrance with product. I had quite a patch, and

subject. The proportion is, two feeds and have pure water where 'the wire cloth, it will prevent the queen my bees boomed on it almost like

quarts: of wheat bran to one of cornmeaL !i birds can have access to it at all times.. from coming out and strangers from buckwheat. It is in bloom from Sep- ;

This is placed before as many getting in. If the hive is not closedat tember till frost, or January i, at least.I .
The past poultJ exhibition at, Boston this the which is
hens as will, consume it during the stage queen, have never seen it mentioned as a

day; in other words, feed all the probably had the best show of accustomed to count 'her subjects by honey.plant, and I think there can be
Light Brahmas ever seen at any showon the thousand, will leave the ,hive in
fowls will eat., no mistake as to the source from whichit
t But the manner feeding is what the globe, there being nearly 500 disgust at'such small proceedings, and was obtained. IRVING KECK.

many are, interested in, for it is not specimens, the cream of New's next day quite a little family will be Bowling Green, Fla., March 14. .

the feed alone claim as'an advant production, with many exhibits wittfthe queen' to protect her.:
we from other States. New England is Keep your three combs in the [Friend K., I believe you have the
but the exercise. He he had
age, says credit of the first mention
devised truly the home of the Brahma. centre, and after thoroughly smokingthe being one to
several ways; first, lie made from the and have,
honey cassava, we
bees in the old hive all
troughs three feet from the floor and
A cheap and convenient disinfectant no doubt that you are right about it.
the frames therefrom, setting them in
hens would these and
fly up ,on be made with If we can find plants that produce a
mixing side
while but would foul may' one the new one at each of the three
perch eating, bushel of sand one pound of chlorideof centre combs. Close your new hive, regular article of commerce, like
the feed that this.was
so objectionable.Then
lime and two pounds of tapioca, we shall be getting ahead
sulphur, placing it where the old one stood.
he made and
troughs placed, and if intended for killing lice it wouldbe Remove the wire cloth from the some. Will other readers of Gleaningswho

them against the side of the buildingwith well to add tobacco snuff. If the entrance, brush all bees front the old live where this plant is in culti-

slats for the fowls ,to put their l latter is used it is best to have the hive and remove the same out of vation, please give us their experience?
heads between but the
; as troughswere mixture as dry as possible. Sprinklethe sight. All the bees now flying or Perhaps we had better commence
this did his
narrow, not serve floor, roosts and nests with it. coming from the field will recognizetheir using tapioca more largely, that there
He recommends
purpose. a wide be a of the plant
may greater acreage
home and the alterations
in which there is .
trough room enoughto
It' is not economy to feed wheat as well as if they had done it grown. The sample of honey is fair,

spread several the feed thin before, so that it will screenings; good, sound wheat is by themselves, by railing loudly on all though a little off in color, and havinga
pecks they geta far the cheapest. Screenings are made outsiders and inviting them to inspect faint taste that would suggest honey
mouthful. In this way they feed of but sound from the vicinity of the tropics. Alto.
and it furnishes them up grain, their new home, and be introduced to
slowly something dirt chaff partially gether, however, I think it would
developed grains; the queen. CHAS. F. HENNING.
to do in other words them
; gives and if an occasional sound grain is Honey Lake Apiaries, Cltra Fla. compare favorably with honey from

exercise. found it gets in by mistake. ,By using *--4 palmetto and other similar sources.]

He admits that this proportion of it not only place seeded Honey Notes From Florida.We .
cornmeal i makes the fowls fat you get your
(3)) Consumption Cured.An .
down with all manner of weeds, but clip the two following letters
but says they lay well with the usual old physician..retired from practice,bad
you also are liable to bring on indigestion from Gleanings in Bee Culture : placed In his hand by nn tout. India misslonary
If find
fecundity. we ,can a varietyof the formula of simple vegetable
and other ailments in Can two off the a
feed to be fed dry without using your you gather crops remedy for the speedy and permanent cure of
flock which follow in its wake. same tree at the same time? We are Consumption. BronchltU. Catarrh. Asthma
cornmeal, I should think well of the and ah throat and lung affections,also a positive
experiment. Corn in shape is doing it to-day. While we gatheredthe and radical cure f)r nervous debility and
any Overcrowding is one of the common oranges, the bees were much more all nervous complaint Having tented Us +
not wholesome diet for (fowls in our wonderful curative powers In thousands of
climate and disease will errors, especially with beginners, in busy gathering the honey from the casts,and desiring to relieve human suffer-
warm sooneror I will send free of charge to all who wishIt
poultry rearing. It is an evil which flowers. Two friends, one from'Minnesota Ing.
later follow its use if too frequent.For this recipe In German, French or English,
should be carefully guarded against. the other from New Hamp- whh full directions for preparing and using.
I feed wheat bran anda ,
a change mall, br addre< with
went by n"lng stamp
little meal once or twice a weekin Never attempt to keep a hundred shire, helped us, just for ,the fun of it; naming this paper. W.A. NOYES,821 Power. ;
very fowls in the space in which only fifty and didn't they eat oranges The trees Block,Rochester,N.Y.
place of whole grain in the morn .
can be comfortably accommodated.Have full of bloom and the bees e <
are quite ,
ing. All night-feed is scalded, but is A correspondent who has been look-
your birds separated into as are just booming. They were so' intent
only moist ; not wet or sloppy.I ing over the duplicate tax books on
flocks the smaller in the that let
many as possible; getting sweets they
am trying what is sold for rice file in Tallahassee writes to the Or-
the flock the better will do. knock around
they them
: us pretty roughly.
flour. Not seeing it you would natur- lando Reporter concerning one of
However it is hardly advisable to have for
Prospects a big crop are good.
it rice but valuable
ally was ground Orange county's
suppose. orange
less than ten or twelve birds in one This time last year our bees were
judging from the color and He had seen a
appear groves. newspaper
*. but have lots of
ance I would call it rice bran or rice pen. o .. starving, now they notice to the effect that the owner had

hulls ground very fine. I would& like To Introduce New Queens. full honey, and are storing now'more just refused an offer of $50,000 for it.
than 1 knew in the
to.know its value as a feed and will Fdlfor Farmer and FruIt-Orower honey ever so early The tax books show that it is assessedat

be obliged to the editor or anyone In resuming n1Ylabors in ento- year. W J. DRUMWRIGHT. less than $2,000.ICRA .
Parasota Kla., March
who will inform me, and it may be of mology in connection with my bees, I

benefit others. I find it good for have found but very little time for

writing, and thinking myself sadly in ESS E Q
young stock ; I use it with equal partsof P A1N .
bran and scald the two and let it arrears, I will, upon, request of your

stand. Chickens are very fond of it, readers, describe my way of Italian

and it seems to correct any bowel izing or introducing queens of

trouble. It is quoted at $26 per ton, superior strain. ,

somewhat less than bran, but it may There are many ways that will _s
answer the well, but if PI.LLSWQftrlfGR
not contain as much nutrition.E. purpose very ENO A
W. AMSDEN. I[ had a queen of a certain strain of MEDICINE: / ear

Ormond, Fla. bees that I valued highly, I would For Bilious and Nervous Disorder, such M Wind and Pain In the Stomach Sick
this course: I would the Headache, Giddiness, Fulness, and Swelling after Meals, Dizziness and Drowsiness,
In reply to Mr. Amsden's query we pursue open Cold Chills,Flushings of Heat, Loss of Appetite, Shortness of Breath, Costiveness,
will publish next week a descriptionof hives to be requecned, select two or Scurvy, Blotches on the Skin Disturbed Sleep, Frightful Dreams, and Nervous*
all the products of the rice mill.- three combs on which the bees are MINUTES.and mbliJiff This Is no fiction. Every sufferer Is earnestly Invited to try one Box of these Fills_,
ED. just beginning to hatch, ,brush or and f hev tout be acknowledged to be a Wonderful Medleine-"Warib a guinea a box.
BEECHAM'S PILLS: ,taken as directed. ;will quickly restore female to complete health. For a
shake off all the bees that are able to '

Why the_Horse Died.If fly and put in a new hive, whose WEAK STOMACH ; IMPAIRED, ''DIGESTION ; DISORDERED LIVER ;

:you had read the "Tre tise on entrance had previously been closed they ACT LIKE MAGIO*-a few fo ewfll work wonders upon the Vital back Organs the keen,Strength-edge ofappetite
restoring lone-lost Complexion;
the Horse," you could have saved his with a wire cloth. During this time ening the,muscular and arousing System with the ROSEBUD OF HEALTH the bring .teat energy of the
These "facts n admitted bY-thousands;In all clauses of sodety,and one ot the
frame. are
life. Ignorance has cost you the priceof some forty or fifty bees will have been best guarantees to the Nervous and Debilitated Is that JUC1UX'S l1ttS un TEE tA.JG18 UtI

the'horse. Buy the book and,know hatched which, like young chickens, CT Alt? PATZST JCBSIKHS CJ TSS: W02LD.) Full directions with each Box.

how.. Sent for 10 cents: Stamps or will take up with any queen you give Sold byDruypista Prepared only THOS.B.BEECHAM ALLEN. ,&St.CO..Helens, 305 and,Lancashire 307: Canal, England.St., N.-.York.

silver., Pioneer Buggy Company, them. Release your queen among Sole Agents for the United States,who(inquire flrt),If your druggist. does not keep them, ,

Columbus,. Ohio.' .. ./ {hem? close up your hive and, set it WILL MAIL BEECHAM'S PILLS ON RECEIPT OF PRICE, 25 CENTS A BQXiv. -

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FLORIDA I IISPA1CM'T.GRo river phosphates go out of Florida'to Transportation Charges on Produce.We ers would be encouraged to plant a

be manufactured, and there is probably have been waiting to hear the wider acreage and give the railroads
t Fr RMER'R iARMERSAWAMCE> w abundance of soft out-come of the conference appointedto more business. The express company
COK3OuDATCOIEV lARLIllsAPRIL ; phosphatefor be held in New York, April 10, works substantially on this principlenow
23, home use for a long time to come. between the and
189L vegetable growers as they carry a "pony" refrigerator -
STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. If all the phosphates mined in t eState transportation people. A recent para- containing a bushel of strawberries -
P. O. Address, Law ley, Fla.. were manufactured in Florida graph in the Times-Union stated that and about twenty-five pounds of

Publications Received., the State probably might just as well the charges onvegetables were to be ice, for the same charge that they doa
The Freedom of the Press; The Argument reduced to the old rate, but we have bushel crate of berries without ice.
of Couns 1 for the "Mobile Register"before forego the royalty, as it would simplybe not seen this statement officially con .
the U.K Supreme Tourt against the constltutlonsllty
robbing Peter to Paul. Irrigation.The .
of the anti-lottery law. pay firmed.At .
Bale Catalogue of the Western New York cents with fifteen California is bisected into
forty a crate, year
Jersey Cattle Breeders'Association.
U.U. Department of Afrlcu'ture-Report of We have received from P. P. Or- cents added for refrigeration, a car- two great seasons, the wet and dry;
the Statistician for p4 lovsky & Hirsha, Fontanka 64, St. load of 300 crates of oranges shippedto and the most of their crops cannot be

Go to the red spider, thou sluggard; Petersburg, a prospectus of their pro- New York would cost $165. A grown at all 'without irrigation. In
consider her and be wisewitha jected international bibliographicalreview carload of deciduous fruits from Cali Florida we have tremendous, thuddingrains
ways fornia .to Chicago costs about $400. in the summer rainy season, and
sulphur solution. Panto-bibliont written in a The, refrigerator service is mostly per generally also about the time of the two
stately Romanoff English. They :wish formed by the same company that equinoxes. But the autumn and the J
Mr. last 'articles
Simpson's two on to send their review in exchange for operates between Florida and Northern spring are always more or less thirsty.
"Troublesome Florida Weeds" have our "honourable periodical." cities. This special service is fairly Though never so bad as the California

been of much practical value. f well done on both routes. But the summer drouth, our spring and fall
9 The Delinquent Tax List is cut delays, which are chargeable to the drouths, whether longer or shorter,
If we regard him Bright, the red down more than twenty-five per cent. railroad service proper, are numerous whether more or less continuous, are
spider is a blessing., He will destroythe from last year. We predicted this and vexatious. The annual report of as certain as the year itself. They area

oranges of the sloven and thereby six months ago, assigning then as a the California.Fruit Union complains fixed quantity in .our revolving sea-

prevent gluts for the industrious. reason that phosphate would bring bitterly, stating that a majority of sons.There
ISI money into our county. And a big- their cars were from fourteen to is no crop but what can be
The "Pride of America" seed corn ger difference than this will be seen twenty-two days on the road. Manycars grown in Florida after ,a fashion and
raise their corn at Ivanhoe next year, as the business is yet in its are from eight to twelve days on in greater or less abundance, without
company swaddling clothes.-Bartow Courier. the route from Florida to the North. any irrigation whatever. Some years
.N. C., and we consider them a re- The Jacksonville Tribune says that there are some. crops that do_ not re-
sponsible company. Perhaps, how Three hundred men throwing earth strawberries arrive in the North quire any artificial supply of water;

ever, they claim a trifle too much in under the Capitoline hill for a new "covered with the frost of ages and there is enough furnished by nature to

stating that their corn is "adapted to railroad; the County Alliance, pe- hair an inch long." We have seen make a fair yield and a living profit.
strawberries embellished with these But there is no year when a little more
soil climate." titioning for tax the farmers
or a dog
; marks of antiquity before they ever water could not be used to advantageat
Mr. Alexander Shilling, of Three. planting ten thousand pear trees left Florida. Such berries used to be certain times.
around the city; and, last but not thrown out at the transfer to the We believe Florida would be much
mile Branch, near Jacksonville, least, the Floridian coming out every steamer in Savannah. There are not further advanced to-day if we had been

brought to our office a well grown ,day with a shining morning face-all nearly so many such berries leavingthe absolutely compelled to irrigate from
Blood beet, Ig54 inches in'circumference State as formerly ; the growers are the beginning, as the Californianshave.
these modern instances
and weighing six pounds. When coming at learning how to pick and, ship their This uncertain, touch-and-try
once seem to indicate that the shell of fruit better. The refrigerator service system has more or less of the elementsof
put to the test of the pot it proved to
old Leon county's conservatism has and the railroad haul are also improv- barbarism in it. It is the prerogative -
' be fairly solid and of good flavor quiteto been cracked. ing yearly, but the charges are undoubtedly of civilized men to so order the plan-

the heart. t too high. In the case of ning and care of their crops as to give
The Southern Horticultural Journalhas strawberries they are mountainous.The them the greatest possible measure of
The Tallahassee correspondent of been sold to theRural Publishing railroads say they do not care immunity from the caprices of nature.It .
the Chipley Times says that .,experts for the strawberry business; that it is may well be doubted whether it
Company' of New York and
assert that the two houses saved $2- they, so small it is only a bother to them. would pay to irrigate the cereals and
500 in their organization. If our leg- with the assistance of Prof. T. L. Where enough berries can be grownat tobacco in the rolling or hilly landsof
Brunk, formerly of the Texas A. & M. one station, or at two stations onlya West Florida. Even in the level
islators will be economical in
as jobs College will get out a Southern editionof few miles apart, to load a car the fields of East Florida it might not' be
and railroad land grants as they have 'the American Garden in place of business is compact and should not profitable. But for the fruit and 'vegetable -

been in clerks and pages, they will the Horticulture does trouble them very greatly. If chargeswere crops of the peninsula proper
presently save enough money to builda Journal. not lowered more berries would be there can be no doubt that judicious
new capitol. seem to flourish in the "black waxy" grown. irrigation would well compensate the

. and "hog-wallow" soils of our levia- The orange and vegetable business grower for the outlay.
The Arcadia Real Estate Journal than neighbor in the Southwest. The is large enough to be an object to In the spring irrigation in the form
them. Both the railroads and the of spraying would prevent the attacksof
gives a page of its issue to a, map of FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER was "
growers will find it to their advantageto the red spider on orange trees and
South Florida. This be called never stronger than it is to-day, de-
may encourage the refrigerator car service it would also enable the trees to retaina
letting Florida speak for herself, and spite the misfortunes. that have over- by special companies. We look great deal of fruit-which now drops

these sections and townships of fine taken Florida. upon this as one of the most useful during the customary drouth. In the

unoccupied lands are certainly a better factors in the solution of that knotty latter respect it would also be benefi .
A member of the Legislat ure introduced problem to the Florida growershowto cial to deciduous fruit trees. A water-
of her than i
presentment case a a bill "to prevent and punishthe get stuff to the Northern markets ing once or twice a week would greatly
populous page of gilded falsehoods larceny and injuring of dogs and at a profit. Ice is the great regulator; increase the yield of strawberries and
would be. it will relieve the shipping industry of vegetables, all of which are so largely
bitches. It is that
a pity dogs cannot,
its lottery-like elements; it will composed of water; it would give them
The counsel for the State drew upa grow fleecesthen, we should have socks steady'this important industry downto plumpness and firmness, which are

bill, it appears, which would'not more cheap and flannel plenty. But that certainty and stability without I exceedingly desirable as shipping qual .
hold-not to say water, but phos sheep will not bite the colored "man which no business is worthy the atten I ities.

phate. It does not strike us that_ it and brother," and watch-dogs we must tion of practical men. Irrigation in the fall would greatly
would take much to have., As Virgil says, sheep are trulyan The railroads could afford not onlyto facilitate the planting of strawberries
very money "unhappy flock. The buzzard haul the ice in the refrigerator cars and winter vegetables, and give them i
employ a grade of talent equal to that removes many a lamb from an unappreciative free of charge, but they could even body and strength to protect them.

achievement. If the, State chargesi and inhospitable world ; afford 'to haul a hundred tons (ninetyof selves from frost.Ve, consider this

$ a ton royalty on all phosphateslifted and the darkey, the dog and the ra- truck and ten ninety) more cheaply strong fall growth one of the great
out of navigable waters, it is zorback render the life of the mild- than they would tons of truck secrets of successful strawberry grow-
,eyed ewe a burden to her. It is said alone. They could afford to do this ing. In the case of a too severe
that the
quite consumer
possible : that the Dorset Horn will knock adog in the long run, because the truck drought it would also promote the development -
would pay that dollar. after all in,asenhanced over. Somebody ought to try would go through in good conditionand and ripening of citrus fruits., ?

price. But most of ',the, .this" breed. ., ,,' sell at a profit; and l thus the grow: .A moderate amount of irrigation .in.

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the fall and ,continued even up to Markets for Florida Produce. oes and new beets. Asparagus which was CHICAGO MARKET.

coming plentifully at the first of the week,
Christmas would cause 'the trees to CHICAGO. April 15
got a bad set back by a recent cold snap and
store abundance of This week we have the big California Fruit
up an ,fnrit-makinj FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE REPORT. the supply was practically cut off for a few Carnaval here, and our large Exposition

material. and make them bloom more JACKSONVILLE Ap'il'Z0.Markets days, but it Is now beginning to come again.Of building has been transformed into a scene
of tropical beauty by this exhibit productsfrom .
freely. Of course, it would not be continue firm at prices last re the greens spinach in", coming from Norfolk the Pacific slope. A rough estimate

advisable to irrigate too late or too ported. Very little really choice fruit while dandelions and beet greens are being places the attendance at 20:? 000 last night. Orange
candi- county, Cal has sent in an range, :37
about here under glass. A new
copiously, as that would throw the found at any point. Prices to-day for choiceto grown feet it circumference, made up by thousandsof
176 to :209; count date for hothouse forcing is the cauliflower. Behind this Immense
trees into and them fancy bright grades, range the smaller fruit.
growth expose to from S3 to 4.50. Good to (fair same. sizes 12 25 Raising it under glass has been hitherto only orange is the rut of the Orange county exhibits -
the.effects of late frost when ,It is consisting of banks and pyramids of
a they best in the nature of amusement.. now
to 12 75. BussetU sell $2.25 to 13.50() for limes and lemons, with a car on
ought. to be dormant. grades and counts. Large sizes, 96 to 128 being done as a business, with good results. wheels made .f orang. Indicating that all

"- selling$1.50 to Ii25, according to appearanceand Fine, large and white heads are thus pro- are sold in car load lots. Then comes the
duced. beautiful arch-46 feet In span-of Badlands,
Arrogance Rebuked. weight. Navels with very few exceptions representing in Its background the greatest of

Several writers in the Prairie Farmer are poor belcg rough, coarft and Cuba seems destined to supplant Bermuda' reservoir dams, that of Bear Valley. -!
a* the truck garden for this country. Her I The upper San Gabriel -
selling $1.25 to 250. Fancy Navel
spongy villagesGlPndora.
of Chicago, have reb'uked with! potatoes and onions have already taken pre- rate exhibits from its three -
command fruit is in
will readily Grape
Covina and Atusa-shows a model Cle-
overwhelming statistics the arrogant better demand selling 12.50 to $... cedence over those of Bermuda, and now her opatra's needle, and fruit enough to give sev-

assertion of Editor DeYoung, that Receipts continue remarkably heavy. Last tomatoes are taking first prize. This market enty-tnree small boys colic every half hour
gardening directed for ten days. The salient point of Los Angeles -
in Cuba being largely
"California is in horticulture the season was ended about April 15ih
supreme year standing upon an eminence, and built,
and his based thereon that During I the whole month' of April,13 b), the from :New York. The natives had a lazy way except the clock, of Mandarin oranges and

argument Exchange handled but 2,200 boxes, while up of running things! and of not catering to the limes The bay and harbor of San Diego with
California o.ught'to have the position especial whims of the public about here, PO its Point Toma,are represented, gulches and
to present date of current month we have
fruit with
all, In the golden-yellow "ranges
of Chief of the Horticultural Bureau. while always to be
received over 20,000 boxes. Shipments from that vegetables and lemon laden ships, wharves and piers.

Ten counties in Western New York in t tate during the past week aggregated about found In the Cuban markets, they were not Durate has a gnat mosque, crescent topped,
kind demanded American trade. admitting a score of persons beneath its bulging -
1885 shipped over 45,000 carloads of 60,000 bores of these 25,'0) to New York, the by minaret, while to the north is the greatobellxk
The la the last of the fruit and
apples alone it is stated against Cali- 6,148 to Boston, 3,000 to Philadelphia,.. and of Pasadena. This alone requiredsome
berries to have become novel. l Florida and 24,000 oranges of assorted kinds.
fornia's 5,250 carloads. all kinds of 3,400 to Baltimore, and still they come. Charleston both are sending liberally to this From the gallery the best view is obtained
330.0UO besides the other fruits,gleaming
deciduous fruits put together. Many market. Apples are still in the market but to the oranges eye. Two thousand cases have been

other instances of the preposterous HOME MARKET REPORT.JACKSONVILLE at very high prices. Oranges in all their va- emptied to give some idea of the land that Is

rieties, from Florida and California, are still to be the fruit-growing garden of the civilizedwo
nature of this man's claims are given, April 22. ;Id. .

wherein the of Eastern Tuesday is a regular sales day with the plentiful.-Am. Cu.Uiva.torTHE in green fruits lemons are meeting with
simple figures -1.50 $> for
Auction ( fair sale and range in price from $ to
Orange and Vegetable Company o
horticultural production sink out of fancy down to 5J.50; toil for choice. Oranges
this city and notwithstanding the lateness BOSTON MARKET. common coarse Callfornias remain dull but

sight the pretentions of this truly of tbe season, about one tbousnd boxes of i BOSTON, April 15. the finer goods are meeting with a little de-

Oriental swashbuckler. We prefer to oranges were offered at their salesrooms Last week I referred to a car of California mand. Choice: goods are steady, and prices
range for desirable sizes of California Riversides -
believe that this man DeYoung, whose yesterday and sold at good prices. Quite a oranges that had been sold by Messrs.Snow& at*42.75 to$3; MedJterrane-n Sweet f3 50

home is number of the growers, who had fruit in in to$3.75; California Malta Bloods $6; Washington -
reputation at none too savory, Co.This Navels $&.to $550: Fioridas. desirable
the sale, were present and all were 'well week there have been several cars on Rivers
was not sent by the California horticulturists sizes $3 to VO: ; Indian extra fancy.
pleased with the results. Several utw buyers the market and as the question of a marketfor $L2ito $4 to; Meeslnas 2.0 to $2.75. Flne- "

and that he does not fairly were present and the bidding was lt L1..e. their fru t is agitating the minds of the Loaf>8 selling for well at $-J to and for '

represent their interests. Heavy stock, both brights and russets, in California growers and shippers, I thought It. for liavanas.FRUIT; $4.50 to. $8 Porto Rico, $3 to $4.50

good sizes, ranged from $2 15 to 3.75; mixed best to look Into the market a little to see

Arguing for the W rld'a Fair. lots, averaging well as to size, 92 to 12.50; wha is being done. Unquestionably there is AND TRUCK OUTLOOK.The .

mixed lots 11.75 to 82 large fir California in this
running large, ; quite a place oranges
Commissioner R. Turnbull has beento and rough fruit lower. A coislderabl market, but it. will be best for all concernedthat very latest advices concerning the fruit
and vegetable prospects and supply indicate
Chicago, and on his return he ad. number of culls in bad order sold low. only the best fruit be sent here. a more favorable outlook and It turns out

dressed the letter from Grape-fruit brought $2.63 to $2.80. High Washington Navels have a peculiar charmfor that the damage inflicted by the frequent late
to Legislature a
trorts Is not as heavy or serious as predicted
grade fancy fruit and n ce Indian river the Eastern mind and there are many Individuals -
by many writers. The most reliable authority -
which we extract the following para. stock would run above prices given. This who have tasted the fruit in California at Crystal Springs, MIJl ., writes under

company will continue its sales through the and read a great deal about it that will date of April 16: "Acreage of tomatoes almost

graphs: month, as it baa advices of a considerable have it at quite an advance over all other same as la&t year, notwithstanding about 40
I ask if percent of the plants were cut off by frosts.
As one of her representatives, you
quantity still to come. kinds, so that it may fairly) be said that they In all other article*, however, tho shipments
Florida is to have any part or lot in great will for a long time to come receive, the "top" will be lighter than last year,while the strawberry -

ente prise of the market. yield will not be much over half last

And, in making this Inquiry I am not unm'ndrulot NEW YORK MARKETS. year's In regard to peaches in now con
The trade I* gradually getting acquainted
ceded that a small amount is safe although
the fact that you find confronting NEW YORK April 18. with the "seedling," and are able to dispose) this is tstlll doubtful, as the trees have been

you upon your arrival at the capitol a grave Receipts of oranges for the week ending to- of small quantities in competition with Mediterranean known to hold the fruit until nearly matured
fruit an. then drop it." A writer at Grand Bay,
financial problem, which will require con-
day, 23,07u boxes. Owing to heavy arrivals If the "seedlings", shipped here are of the Ala covering that and adjacent shipping
summate wisdom and statesmanship to solve, and continued warm weather, the market Is best quality they can be distributed and a demand points* writes April 15: "Strawberries filling

and that you leave. behind constituents who weaker and demand on y moderate,although for them can gradually be created. out nicely and turning out better than predicted -
Florida are not coming in tn such
have commanded you in a voice you dare not strictly: fancy fruit sells readily. Select Indian 'large quantities oranges, but the supply id snfficljut.The very light Peaches at best, plums LeConte and pears grapes fair will

disobey to lay with an unsparing hand the river,3.505; other choice brights, 176'?$ market 1 III a ill and it takes extra fruit to : oiatoes, growing nicely I and damage is small.
pruning knife to those expenditures which bring over $260; choice to fancy bright, $3; Beans and tomatoes will not be plentiful but
:200? $I3.59!; 150$. $2.50@2; Itts, U;42 23; 9Ss other stock and sizes ranging from $ .50T42.75.
cucumber and melons are planted largelyand
have been potent in causing the present embarrassed and 112M, $1.50@175; russets, select sires $!.75@ Tangerine! bring$3. Mandarins, $I.252 per promise well Late rains in Mississippi

condition. $3; mixed counts, 225275. brape fruit, half box; grape fruit, $2&2 75 per box. and Louisiana are shown in condition of the
I am fully satisfied that when you obey this $2@3 box. Strawberries in light Lemons are in lair demand At firm pricesPalermo fruit coming, the berries being soft and wet
fancy, per
and Messina,36i,choice, $4@5
and widely different from the earlier receipts,
Just and reasonable behest you will feel Justified supply and mostly poor quality; strictly fancy Palermo and Messina 300, choice, $4.5045 which were remarkably fine. It will no

in voting a liberal appropriation that will elllng 2.5@1O cents; fair vo medium, 10e 20 Ora S Messina"' and Pala'"' mo, 800, 3@3 75; to ship berries here, exceptin

enable Florida to make a creditable display : cents. Pineapples, extra size, 20 cents; 360, $2@3. 0..-Fruit Trade Journal. refrigerator boxes, .such only paying or
likely to pay after this." Many of tbe Mississippi -
of her resources at an exposition! that will
mailer sizes, 1015 cents.
lorries embracing the "Michel'sEarly"variety
cover the broad field of the earth's clvUlza- Market is in good shape on all fancy vege are looking very badly and selling

tion. Florida,but lately alnost a terra incognita tables. Wax beans, $2.60(33.50.( Green peas, April 17. low mainly on account of late frosts" but
has become famous for her orange Grar e fruit from Florida has had a remark- finer fruit is promised later. A number of
other Florldaa,75centsto$125; Savannahs,,$2(32.25.( ably successful sale this year as comparedwith points in West Tent:e>see report prospects for
and her rich and
groves phosphate Cabbage F'lorlda.ll@1.50; Savannah $12552-: other seasons indications point to a berries splendid and first shipments promised -

mineral deposits, and for her peerless and Ton' atoes, ripe, $22.50; squash, 75 rents to stronger demand next year. Some few package a week hence,com*.n g In, froM present
unrivaled climate,and it will never do for her are arriving Brown & McMahon having Indications, AS early as Arkansas Four or
.1.25; egg plant $537; beats 75 cents to $1; :' the largest shloment in this week, but it sells five of the principal point In Arkansas report
States either
behind sister
to be one whit new potatoes, prime $6@7 50; seconds, 45. better> lu co d' r weather and only met with. prospects ood; for an average crop of
in the magnitude or quality of her exhibi I G. 8. PALMER. air sale at $!.50 per box good berries, a big crop of tomatoes and a
Mr E. Roberts, who is at the head of one of,I fair crop of other stuff; Peaches generally
tion.Not our largest houses in the fruit line and who nearly a full crop if no late disaster follows.
again for a century, perhaps will she
handles the business heie for the Florida Several points in Texas have already written
have another opportunity to expose the prod- DOMESTIC FRUIT AT AUCTION.E. Fruit Exchange, states that he has two more about watermelons, trying to sell by tbe car
mine ,and along with of en route which will almost ther for*o much f. o. b.
ucts of her"soil sea, L. Goodnell sold this week as follows: cars oranges A Florida fruit vegetable shipper writes:
end the *ea'on.
the best results of human Ingenuity, science TUESDAY.-700 boxes Florida orangesNavels Sou hern vegetables are coming in fast now. "The frost, however, Is a genuine blessing to

and skill, the triumphs of human thought $120; Indian river fruit bright, f i.55@ Cabbage this week has remained firm at the real Florida vegetable man because it
been little too lessens production and has a tendency to destroy -
but have
former figure receipts
and Imagination.While 3.6-5; golden russets, 122.45! ; russets,SI 40 the aspirations and expectations of the
much, but prospects are 'or prices going a
there is a tidal wave of reform that 2.80; fancy brights. $1.05fcholcebrlghs$1.30; hade higher now. Bean are moving better adventurer who Jumps Into every business

will sweep away any man or set of men who (@1,86; brights, 7oc@2.35. tban for some time Tomatoes are in much occasionally. Take these syndicates upon

maybe In its way it would be the part of Messrs. Sgobel & Day agents for Florida better demand and the quality ha improved. the with groves and If nothing interfered -
oridas selling from 2.504 per elate and them they would plant thousands!
wisdom to know that there is another tidal fruit Exchange sold this week as follows: the advance here ha Improved prices on the of acres as they have of cabbage which is now

wave equally resistless in the majesty of its MONDAY.-440 boxes at $3.ai0165. Havana stock laying around In the stores cro*ding every market of he country *There
of The first arrival '.f celery came in from New is some food for reflectloi in these brief remarks -
tidal ,
sweep-the wave progress. boxes at$
Y -1,100
Orleans: consigned to Sharp&,Cox,selling well whch! come from one of the mot Intelligent -
No man who has a future can afford to FRIDAY.-2,300: boxes oranges at $3. 031.20; 140( 50 Bents per bunch. grow rs and ship; em In the ate.

.bstruct the great Industrial growth which Navels, $3Ji5@2.--Fruit Trade Journal. I Strawberries are arriving in elegant order It mar be added In this connection that thereare

has but Just fairly set in at the South. principally from Charleston,selling at 20@30 thousand of crates of cabbage rotting; In
cents crate. the fields for-wnt of paying markets. A
The Philadelphia Centennial was the West'sopportunity About per three cars of California oranges here writes bit Palmetto, under di te of April 14,

and was the beginning of that EARLY VEGETABLES AND FRUITS.-New hU. week, among them was some Tangerines writes: "I have shipped over 8x O) crates cabbage -

development which the last dec vegetables from tbe South are coming in more In small packages selling at 31175 per box.'rices and have lost all, and have now at least
on oranges vary considerable, a great 400 to 600 crates rotting on rryp'aee: that will
ade has witnessed and which turned the freely than heretofore. The list includes green deal of stock arrives here so labeled or sten- not pay to ship-the freight belngto heavy on

tide of immigration and Investment beyondhe peas from Charleston and Savannah string cUed that the uninitiated. cannot tell the true' It everywhere."-p.' M. KIELY InlJl.lAuh
beanS from Florida Summer squash, tomat- variety r Pott-Dispatch.
I ;
{ Mississippi, .' -

.. ,>, .... '- .... 7;.., .. .K. + 4'.+ ....




C atrdell and : familiarity breeds contempt, even for NEW KODAKS. quite an important ingredient of Certain -
beauty. soups and stews, as it was formerly -

. "'""- ....-...-..... -.- ,- - .........- Along the northeastern coast, and in the historical "pepper-pot."

Some Troublesome Florida Weeds. on the islands at the mouth of the St. It i is often set out in South Florida,

No. 18. Johns river, the little Opuntia Pet and previous to the freeze of January,

[fJ. H. SIMPSON, MANATEE."] ,Corvi is found, perhaps also in some i You press the 1886, there were many 'Immense

other portions of the State, but it is : button,. specimens, even in the door-) ds of
Panicum frolifcrum, var. geniculaturn not very widely distributed. Manatee, and it was found in Hills-

(Sprouting Crab Grass). This is Next, and of more importance, is we do the rest. borough and Orange counties. In

a tall, rough annual with large spreading Opuntia Tuna. This famous species, Key West it is quite plentiful, and

panicles, and is usually (found in so well known as a hedge plant in Senn dew Styles aad Sizes here Dr. Chapman considers it natu

rather damp, cultivated hammock Mexico and the West Indies, seems to ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Films., ralized. It is' one of the few plants
:. land; though sometimes it is found in have entirely escaped the inquisitiveeyes For sale by all Photo. Stock Dealers. brought to South Florida by Dr.

damp, cultivated pine land. The of the many savants who have THE EASTMAN COMPANY, Henry Perrine from Campeche, over

culms are stout and, many from the botanized on the coasts of. Florida, fifty years ago, which has survivedthe
It the Send, for Catalogue. ROCHESTER,N.Y.
same root. springs during
up though it abounds on every high sandy ordeals of Indian wars, fires,
rainy season and soon attains a heightof beach from Tampa Bay around to water, wind and weather. One of the

six to eight feet sometimes more, Miami, and perhaps still further northon teen inches in length. The scale-like original plants was planted in Key
where it has become
forming a forest the east coast. We can scarcely spines often drop off and leave the West, and one sent to a florist New

abundant. It cannot be plowed under believe that any one who has ever surface perfectly smooth; so it is not Orleans. Almost the only other surviVIng -

and is so large that it is difficult to mow botanized on the coast of South Florida very prickly, nor difficult to handle. plants of Dr. Perrine's: intro-

and fork around the trees for mulch 'has kept his "shins" from coming The fruits are larger than those of duction are Aloe vulgaris, still growingon

ing. It iSsaid, to mow: it and properly into occasional unpleasant contact Opuntia Tuna, and are yellow in Indian key; Agave Hgida var. Sisa-

cure it for hay when the terminal panicle with it. It quite often grows in Impenetrable color. The pulp is sweet and has lana, perfectly naturalized on the
is about half of the sheath thatit
out masses four or five feet very few seeds. It is very much Southern and Western keys, and two ;
makes,an excellent quality of hay, high and is characterized by large liked by most people who are familiar immense date palm trees on the lower
this it should be
and by keptin oval joints, six or eight inches long.It with it, and we have' seen those who Metacombe.-Am. Garden.

check till the grove, can be plowed is covered with two sets of spines- preferred it'' to such popular and deli- .

and it turned under. As a green feed, some small and chaff-like, but whose cious fruits as the orange and banana. Camphor Trees for Lawns and

so worthless.far as I have seen or eard_ it is close acquaintance is not to be courted, The fruits are known as "Indian figs"in Avenues.Editor .

tribuloides and others an inch or more long, as the West Indies, and stray speci- Farmer and Frult-Qrower
Cenchrus fthinatust, C. sharp and strong as needles, and quiteas mens occasionally find their way into
C. incertus and C. myosuroides, known No other ornamental tree seems so
formidable as cactus we have the New York markets from. some
in Florida the of sand any perfectly adapted to the soil and climate
by name spurs,
.. ever seen. The yellow flowers almost West Indian schooner or other vessel.
, well known in of Florida the camphor tree
are to nearly one as ,
have and the The will in time be
invariably a rosy tinge, plant probably
The shouldbe which is much at home in the
the State.
greatest care
plant is beautiful, both when in bloom quite extensively cultivated in Florida.
used not to introduce them, and'still Orange Belt as the orange tree itself,
and when covered with the large, rich, I Opuntia polyantha, mentioned in
and is much hardier.
more care to destroy every one purple berries, or "prickly-pears." Dr. Chapman's "Flora of the South
found. In .nine residence The freeze of 1886 did not damage
years' on '-
Besides its in Americaas States" native West is
use Tropical ern as on Key ,
land I could hold all the sand those planted in wet hammock land
my pine ,
a hedge plant, it is, used as one of also sparingly found on Upper Meta-
spurs I have found any one year on which usually suffers much more from
the principal cochineal plants. By combe key. It is an upright growing
in hand. When I work the cold than dry upland and sandy
my place one the by, what is to hinder the establish- species with thin oval joints and
for a man that raises them to the ex- ment of this industry on the acres of small prickles. It reaches a heightof soil.The
clusion of I clean them all off latter seems peculiarly adaptedto
Optunia Tuna along on the South four or five feet, and is distinct. "-
my clothing before I set foot on my their growth, although the camphor
Florida coast? Probably the falling off A species of cereus found quite
When I find endures all the conditions of Florida
premises. a specimenon
ot the' use of cochineal, as the world commonly on the Southern and Western -
I it time. soil and climate and will survive
place pull up every ,
!runs, after the gayet anilines, is the keys as far up as Tampa Bay has
If it is in seed I it in the neglect than tree I ever saw. It
put stove, any
practical bar to producing the dye in also escaped the notice of most of the
troubled with this is not troubled with insect .
so I am not pest, Florida. eagle-eyed scientists who have heretofore any enemies
and no one else need be if he used I know of. A well-grown specimen
This species, too, is quite hardy, frequented the Florida keys on
do. In conclusion is handsome and makes
the same pains very a
and will stand several degrees of frost botanizing excursions. It is upright,
I would tillers of the soil delightful shade.A .
again urge unharmed. The fruits, covered with or partly of scrambling growth, depending -
noxious weeds neighbor on South Apopka has
to allow no to go to a
occasional tufts of small chaff-like somewhat on bushes or trees
camphor tree about fifteen old
seed.This prickles, are two or three inches long, for support. The stems are from one years ,
series of articles has been, written somewhat and to two-and-a-half inches in diameter that is nearly twenty feet in height,'
pear-shaped pumpkin- ,
for all the readers of the DISPATCH; pyramidal in shape, the lower limbs
and feet fifteen in
colored. They are produced in the often ten pr even
and, while some of the noxious weeds resting on the ground. It i h a very
described troublesome in greatest profusion, and are quite likelyto length, with very few branches, or beautiful object.No .
are not very become valuable, in time, for none at all. The large, white or
tree could be handsomer for the
Florida in States
yet they are some
culinary though but, few straw-colored flowers are five or six
purposes lawn than is the and it has
where the readers of the DISPATCHare camphor;
with their inches in diameter when it is
people are acquainted uses. open ;
found. the advantage of not making a litteras
"We know of a certain lady who has night blooming, and flowers when
those do which flower or shed their
THE END. been experimenting, and of a certain quite small. Mr. A. Blanc writes us leaves. \

4- of that it is Cereus but Prof.
cupboard containing an array serpentinus, The immigrant who builds his hou'sein
Native Florida Cactuses. glasses of marmalade and jars of the Sereno Watson is still in doubt as to
a plat of glaring sand should
The native and naturalized speciesof richest wine-colored sweet-pickles, all whether it is or not. We have not the effect of setting camphor trees try'at
made from the fruit of Tuna the form of C.
cactuses growing on Florida soil are Opuntia seen ordinary serpen- regular distances in his grounds not
nine in number-five, species of and as tempting as an epicure could sinus in bloom, but to us, the plant at omitting a plentiful supply of Bermuda,
wish. Certain it is that atten- least different from this. Mrs.
opuntia, four of cereus ; no other more seems in inch of soil not
genera are represented. It is quite tion to edible and "cookable" cactuses, Nickels, of Laredo, Texas, who is grass devoted; to every flowering spare plants and shrubs.

possible that the average winter visitorto commercial use for the fruits, are familiar with ,C. scrpentinus, pronounces We have an avenue of camphor treesat

Florida does not know of the exist- in the strong probabilities of the near this,a different sort. Whether it our South Apopka home that were

ence of one of these species ; if famil- future. is a different species, or only a varietyof planted in 1888, which are growingvery

iar with any, it ,is q'ute likely to be Equally as famous as Opuntia Tunas C. serpentinus, will probably be determined fast.... If no disaster belals that
the much abused Opuntia vulgarii.This \ Opuntia Ficus In&ica, the "Indian : when the specimens at
avenue it will in a few be "a
is the only species found away fig" cactus. This species has escaped Harvard bloom. The fruit is spher- thing of beauty."

from the coast, and being almost non from cultivation and has become ical, two or three inches in diameter, Those who insist that nothing shouldbe

inflammable, it i is! often seen growing naturalized,in a few places in South and of a bright orange col
in the high pine woods of the interior, Florida, especially on Key West. It eaten by some people, but is really afford to plant camphor trees for the

where the ground is burned over every also, like most of the opuntias, is very little more than a mass of small, black gum; which Floridians, in some sections "

year, and this opuntia appears as a hardy, and would,probably prove so seeds., have learned to extract by a "
in North Florida. It is most strik- The fruit of Cerus triangularis
most prominent feature of the land- a described in the "
scape. The large showy yellow flowers, ing and picturesque plant, attaining, known sometimes as the "strawberrypear process FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. .
which; are followed by ,small, edible, i in, a few years from the cutting, ,a ," is often used i in the West Indiesas AND .jr...

purple fruits, make it a most desirable height of ten or twelve feet, with imnense a culinary vegetable.\ It is knownas '. MRS. JENNIE S. PERKINS. ..1:F:; -, 4

plant. .i it is one of those cases where flat; ,joints a foot or even four ,,God-cchro in Jamaica; where it is Macon, Ga.,April. 10,1891.' -) .'
t-<' -
," .' ., -, :-,...".. :.. I #. .


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..... '. :.". '" ',' 1' ; : v' \ -'

'' ..*33W S $?! ? N v.i'w..-. ,'C','"p4'q ''1"7;-7 S' ." :e-. .: '-
#6 if3E3jj' "- W1 ec:" "'? a '" ;> 0' 1:1r:: <' "',/wy : ,
: \



Our !{UI1al fiome Mattresses will be covered with oiled It is a period when neither studynor Plain Talk To a Girl. .Ue
silk; :blankets, sheets and spreads, no night excitements should interfere Your every day toilet is a part of
.............. ......- ......-- comforts or quilts, will constitute the with sleep; when dime novels do their your character. A girl who looks like ::
j Use and Abuse of Quinine.., bedding. Of plumbing, there shall worst work; when mothers need to a "fury" or a sloven in the morning j
Quinine is a drug which is liable to be as little as is necessary, 'and all know what their children ,read, andto is not to be trusted, however finely ,
abuse, while it. unquestionable there, is.shall ,be exposed,. ,as is the be their,confidential counsellor in she may look in the evening. No 1
value in the class of diseases r which" practice now. The inhabited rooms all delicate matters; when the use ot ,matter how humble your room may ,'J
it .has shown specific qualities. But shall be heated only with open fires, tobacco is specially perilous, almost !be, there are eight things it should ::.J
it emphatically is not to be taken with- the cellar and hall by radiated heat, surely giving rise to affections of the contain, viz.: A mirror washstand,. ;
out medical direction and supervision.Its or, better, by hot air furnace, which heart, and when spirituous liquors and soap, towel comb, hair, nail and tooth. ;>o
effects upon different persons (differ; shall take its fresh air from above the all opiates are peculiarly pernicious. brushes. These are just as essential, :
greatly. While it seems to be easily top of the house, and not from the *-*-. as your breakfast, before which you t
assimilated by some and to produce cellar itself or the surface of the earth, Concerning Boils. should make good and free use of them.
quite the desired effect, others are where micro-organisms most abound. The predisposing cause of boils is Parents who fail to provide their children 4
t unable to use it without alarming results -i There will be "house.,cleaning" twicea a lowering the health at some point. with such appliances not only 1
while still others apparently year. Put into this house industrious The first indication of a boil is a make a great mistake but commit a ;
receive no benefit from' its administration intelligent and informed men and slight itching, followed by a reddish sin of omission. Look tidy in the ;
This may be partially explained women, absolutely' essential condi-- pimple with a hair in the center. morning and after the dinner work' is ;
f by the fact that the sulphate, in which tions, and as much will be done as at Sometimes the pulling out of this hair over improve your toilet. Make it a
form it is generally employed, is very present may be done to prevent the will arrest the, development of the rule of your daily life to "dress up"in ;
insoluble in water, requiring 800,times dissemination from it of contagious sore. As the pimple grows, the red- the afternoon. Your dress mat or
its,weight of distilled, water: for solu- disease, when 'an inmate brings it ness 'extends and becomes more in- may not be anything better than calico 1
tion, and often times needing the ad- home from a septic house, hospital, tense, and'the part begins to throb but with a ribbon or flower you ,1
ministration of acids to enable it to sleeping car, school-room, church, with pain. In about five days it can have an air of self respect and .
yield its full effect. A weak'stomach etc. breaks the abates satisfaction that With I'
., -Independent. pus oozes out, pain invariably comes
therefore, would be unable to assimilate -- and soon, after the dead tissue (so- being well dressed.
the sulphate at all. The,hydro- The Growing Age. called "core") escapes, followed \by .
chlorate, which is a more recent form The brain of a child 'is proportion rapid healing. Sometimes no core Lemon Custard Cheesecakes..:
of the drug, is coming into use to a ately much larger than an adult's, but appears, nor does the boil suppurate. Ingredients : One-half pound of puff: '
large extent, owing to its greater solu- of much softer consistency, and its Thisis known as the "blind boil." It paste, four ounces of butter- four ':
bility, which requires but fifty volumes convolutions are not complete until i is very hard and painful, and is longin ounces of powdered white sugar,. four s'' .
of 'rwat r. Still, even that ,is not to the seventh year. This is one of the healing. A carbuncle somewhat lemons, eight eggs and one drop of "
be habitually employed, and if the reasons why early study is dangerous.The resembles a boil, but is much larger essence of lemon. How to use them:' .
condition 'is such as to demand its use, child's heart beats much more and more painful. It tends to spread, Put the butter, sugar, the juice of four \
it is-such as' require'medical attendance I rapidly than that of an,adult, and,the and has several l openings. It pro lemons[ and rubbing of one lemon
A substitute .for, quinine, a growth of the heart, instead of being duces a great disturbance of the whole into a stewpan; add the eggs, then '
medical agent' much more effective regular, like the growth of the bodyas system, and is very dangerous in its stand the stewpan in a pan of boiling 1
and whose use is said to be attended a whole, is accomplished by fits tendency. The constitutional symp-; water on the'fire and continue stirring '
with none of the evil effects liable to and starts. The more rapid action of toms of boils are slight, though in until the ingredients become quite
follow the use,of the latter drug, is the heart renders the child peculiarly some cases there may be considerable thick custard; take off the ''fire' and
being experimentally used. It is oil liable to feverr and the liability is fur- feverishness. stand in a pan of cold water and 'stir
of eucalyptus; but readers should not, ther increased by his weaker vital re The treatment may be, in the first until quite cold. Roll the pulp paste
from any'printed reports of itsqualities : sistance. Hence childhood is the place, constitutional, aiming to re- out the thickness of a quarter of :an :
the conclusion"'that 'is special season for scarlet fever mea- inch now cut some round'pieces'and ,
jump to It store the vigor of the system. The diet ; .
a thing to be used by them in promis- sles, whooping cough and other similar should be generous,without excess,and lay them in tartlet pans, press out'the ,
cuous dosing.-Good Housekeeping. complaints.The easily digestible. The patient, while paste from the center with the thumb
irregularity of the heart's growth avoiding exhaustion, should take a and finger, then place in each a tea.
A Sanitary House and its Fur may give nse to disturbances of that proper amount of exercise, have,an spoonful of the mixture. Then put'
nishings.It organ of a seemingly dangerous character abundance of pure air, and wash his them on a baking tin, in a moderateoven I
will stand facing the sun on a dry but with proper care they will body daily with cool water and soap. and bake a pale brown.; When j
soil, in a wide, clean, amply,sewered, pass away as the heart attains its full Local treatment also is needed. To baked take out of the pans and let
substantially paved street, over a deep, development. Such proper care in- arrest the progress of a boil at its early them get cold, then dish them on lace
thoroughly ventilated and lighted cel cludes ample nourishment, sufficient stage, apply a solution of sugar of papers in glass or silver dishes.:-GoodHousekeeping. "
lar. The floor of the cellar will be sleep and the avoidance of special lead every six or twelve hours with a
cemented, the walls and> ceiling plas strain. camel's-hair brush. If this fails,
tered and thickly whitewashed with The season of rapid growth, and promote suppuration by spreading ,on .
lime every year, that the .house may development, say between the ages of it a washleather plaster of galbanumand ;
not act as chimney to ,draw up,into ten and twenty, needs,particular atten- opium, cut in the middle for the FOR THE TOILERThere ,

its chambers micro-organisms from the tion. Nature is then at work, as it escape of the pus. If the pain con- is no more useful or elegant ar
earth. never will be again, in building up tinues to increase, apply soothing ap- ticle than Ayer's Hair VIgor-the most
Doors and windows, some of which the tissues and developing the' nervous plications. When the boil begins to popular and economical hairdressingin
extend from floor'to ceiling, will be as sensibilities. This is the period heal, keep the skin around it dry, the market. It causes the hair' to
abundant circumstances which'makes the demands for grow abundantly and retain the beauty
as permit, largest clean it with tar soap and smear it
and will be adjusted to secure as muchas an outdoor life, for pure air, sunlight, with yellow rosin ointment, dressingthe ness and,texture heals troublesome of youth; prevents humors of bald.tho
may be through currents of air. i'active exercise, abundance of nutri: broken surface with lint spread scalp and keeps it clean, cool, and ;;
The outside walls, if wood or brick, tious food, a vigorous digestive tract, with the same ointment, keeping the healthy. Both ladies and gentlemen .
will be kept thickly painted, not to a ready assimilation and an active dressing in position with strips of everywhere prefer Ayer's HalrVIgor to
shut out penetrating air, but for the elimination of waste.It adhesive plaster, or by a light band- any other dressing for the hair. Mrs.
sake of dryness. All inside walls will ,is the period of study and ambi-- age.-Ladies' Home Com)anlon. E.Lydia ton Moody, Me.,,
be plastered smooth, painted and, tion, as well as of a wisdom that,thinks] <. writes:0"1 Ask'or t have used
however unaesthetic, varnished. Man itself'wiser than it is. The increasing Of Interest to Ladies. A ;y e r Half Vigor .
tels.will be of marble, slate, iron, or mental, activity needs to be regulated The simplest and best system for for some time, and it has worked<< ;
xY if of wood, plain, and whether nat- by t experienced teachers and considerate cutting ladies' garments is undoubt- wonders for me. I was troubled witty '
, ural, painted or stained, will be var- mothers, lest the brain be workedat edly that of Bailey & Adams. By dandruff and falling hair, so that I was/
bald but since
rapidly becoming ; using .
nished. Interior wood-work the of and ; ;
including other
expense organs this system a perfect fit is assured the Vigor,my head is. perfectly cear of
floors, will show plain surfaces and be tissues. every time, the present universal custom dandruff, the hair! has ceased coming ,
likewise treated. Movable rugs, which Duller minds should not be forcedto of repeated trials before completing out, and I now have a good growth ot|
can'be shaken daily in the openau>- keep step with those which are a garment becoming entirely the same color as when r was *youn'l\
not at doors'or out of windows, where naturally more active, and the influ- unnecessary. For circulars and price woman. I can heartily recommen4'the.,,
of 'the home and the school- use of Ayer'a Hair Vigor any,one $uf?" ,
dust is blown back into the rooms- ences list address, BAILEY & ADAMS, fering from dandruff or loss of hair." j
will cover the floors. White linen room should be tranquilizing and Kansas City, Mo. ;'
shades, which will,show the necessity adapted to evoke the kindlier feelings.Fretful Ayer's Hair Vigor
" of washing, will protect the windows. parents and scolding teachers ,
- do this ANSY PILLS! Prepared br Dr.J.C.Ayer"Co.,Low.A,Maui:
All with =
furniture will be plain, cane may a lifelong injury during *
Bold and Perfumer"f'F ;
by DruffgUU : -0
saa4e.f.i %rJMAN'SbAjrisu.Iw. ., ,..

. but without I' .., '' ;1\
seats, j perhaps, upholstery. susceptible, period. W4Nx Ct1IS.C..Pidla..a a.

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r The Farmers Alliance. .

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VokV, :,' ; ...! T "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth.." No. 17.TOM .

,ri",, ; : ', .
.. 'SAWYER, -. Contributor. A second measure demanded by the Lost Their Grip are just and our principles above re <-

r, farmers is the unlimited coinage of It is very much to be deplored that proach. Then why abandon them?
The Main Points. silver. We believe this be
to a matterof the Alliance members of the Legislature We have about lost the respects of

AVe, regret to .observe: income. of comparative unimportance. No allowed the organization of that the balance of our people. Thereare

our ,Alliance exchanges: a bitter and man wants silver in any great. amountto i
body to go by default. The opportu- thousand of good men in Florida ,
prescriptive spirit 'which cannot be hoard away, and still less to carry nity so long looked for and prayed for who cannot be members of our order,
otherwise _than injurious to the great in his pockets ; ,neither does the
by good Alliancemen has been lost, but whose. hearts are with us in our
cause of the farmers. It is certainlya government. Fractional currency perhaps forever-and all through lack efforts to better the condition of the flhumming
mistake to stir up bad blood, be- would answer just as well as silver
of organization. Why this state of masses, and who voted with us in the
tween classes, to create enmity between dimes and quarters, if not better, for
affairs existed, and still prevails, I am last election. Those men are disap-
country people and,city dwellers convenient change. Still, we believe still unable to relate, but it is a fact!' pointed and they have a right to be.
All classes:are required to makea that coinage was made'''free and the
that the Alliance legislators are so Without their assistance we could not
world;L there :will always be rich silver dollar made equal in.bullion hopelessly divided in sentiment that have elected twenty members of the
people. and poor people to the end of value to the gold dollar, all 'these
skill abandonus
scarcely any tact or or eloquencewill present Legislature ; they
time,,(though we hope the day questions would regulate themselves.A .
may i be able to bring them into har- we will not have ten in the next ..
come when there will.not be so greata measure of infinitely more consequence -
is council
mony again. It a pity. of State. We are only strong
disparity as now in the conditions to the farmers is the enactment
So much was expected of the Alliance when wetland together. We did not
of mankind these and enforcement of
); two classes must a searching tax
,at this juncture that a tame sur- stand together at Tallahassee, there-
live : and
together and the happiness of on personal property incomes.
fore weak. There timesin
we were are
each, is moreor-Iess The for this render, upon the firing of the first gun
largely dependent necessity as an equalizerof ,
has absolutely astonished the peopleof the history of every man ,when he
the burdens of
the other.Lampoons taxation
upon, is so appar-
the whole Perhaps too should rise above self and any
convince nobody, in- ent as to require a simple mention. country.
ambition he have for
much but I think may
was expected, not.
vective is not argument, sarcasm does There can be no question that, for
the weal of his his State.
:The had all the party or
the benefit of the cry gone up over Stateto
not correct old and deep-seated .laboring classes, the
One of those times came to all of us
the effect needfulfor
that the one thing
Violent ,, 'national banks
abuses. bitter
and denuncia- ought to be abolishedor when Alliance
''the' welfare of entire out sity-two mem-
tion is converted into our peoplewas
generally an indication of weakness simple banks of loan bers of the
the of Alliance Legislature perhaps fortyof
promulgation principles -
We may well take a lesson and discount. The enormous unnecessary them
heard the of the
stamped the legislation of buzzing senatorial
from our opponents. The to which the upon
newspapers expense govern- in his and
the and it admittedfact bee own bonnet for-
was an
which, are' the organs of the, ment is subjected merely to put the country that Alliancemen, were the got the State's extremity ; but none of

r "money power" discuss every meas- currency into the hands of the people proper us could rise above self. I must con-
to expedite that business. It
ure in dispassionate ,manner thereis and guarantee it is a grievous burden persons
; fess
is wonderful how little opposition to just here, my brethren, while I
no violence. and bitterness in their on the tax.payers. The of ,
currency that idea was developed i in the State am In a penitent mood, that I had
pages. There is the cool and calm the country ought not, to cost the not been in Tallahassee than
,. and of almost
conservatism of conscious government, and through, it the men every occupation,
power. sixty minutes before I heard a strange
They,laugh in their sleeves when they people,. anything but the paper and with one accord, acknowledged the, sound in own tall tile.
read, wild and violent diatribes, for ink and the printing. The justice of the farmer's to repre- my
It have
sentation and voted him in. On all must been a bumblebee, but
they know, full well that still waters ought to stamp and guaranteeall it like
stung a yellow jacket.
sides it make
was agreed to no posi-
run-deep and that there will be littleor the money, whether specie or
tive opposition to the'demands of the Acknowledging our shortcomings we
,no difficulty in damming up or paper, that is circulated ,in the United
Alliance, but to give them a chanceto as Alliancemen must be the more determined -
aside States and issue it
turning these noisy and shallow to banks without
act where heretofore they had only to push our great movementto
streams. charge except enough to cover the expense -
talked. Well, the result of all this success. Such a movement based
There are a few simple measures of of issuing. But the propositionto
incalculable importance to the farm- have the government undertake the was a fair working majority of Alli upon such principles as we profess
ancemen in the Legislature with must succeed, and if we as farmersfail
ers, and it is a great pity to allow any business of loaning money to the powerto
it forward then will other
do anything that a legislative bodyof to
advocacy:,of these, to be obscured andweakened people is only one more step toward carry
and braver hands hold of it and
freemen,may do. tate)
by running after theoriesof that all-embracing paternalism whichis
no.consequence. the destruction of the people'slibertIes. They were free to surrender, and press on to victory. The people of

# One ,of these measures of overshadowing If-government is to own or they did it. I am sorry, and I feel this country have been educated by

interest to the laboring absolutely control the mails, the tele- that the order has received a woundin the Farmers Alliance to a realization

classes, is a gradual and judicious expansion graphs, the railroads, the rivers, the the house of its friends that will be of the dangers which threaten their

of the, volume ,of circulating banks, etc., we may as well have a difficult to heal; but, brethren, by the I form of government; they are shown

medium until the amount per capita monarchy and be done with it. In- eternal principles of human liberty the process by which the free American -
I citizen is lulled into
shall equal the amount in the most I deed, whether the elective system was and equal rights we will heal that security

prosperous nation of the civilized maintained or not, such a government wound! while his rights and property are being
I' filched from him build in
world, France, for instance. The would be a monarchy in all except the Because we have fallen into error to up our
and have allowed this midst a great plutocracy, and he is
actual volume' of money in circulation name. great opportu-

in any country at any one time is The union of all the farmers in the nity to slip there is greater need for shown a remedy. No wonder all

of little consequence, becausevalues United ,States in a calm but determined renewed activity and a closer allegiance other good men sympathize with us

. will always adjust themselves, to the advocacy of these few, simple, but to the noble order we represent. and bid us God-speed. We are fight-

bulk,. of the currency. But contrac- immensely important measures, and Our duty is plain. I may feel ,discouraged ing their battles as well as our own,
and doubt in all the
tion is a .great evil, and equally so the election of men to Congress in at times, and you, my no coming years

would\ be a rapid, expansion. With support of them, would be far more brethren, may wonder often where is of our struggle they will give us aid
and comfort. had better do it I J.
the vast and admirable system of useful than a bitter, denunciatoryattack the good of this thing, but we must They '

", bank checks, notes, etc., the business on the moneyed classes and 'a be men, be brave men, be Alliance- TOM SAWYER.

of this or any other country could be !, declamatory campaign iIi behalf of men indeed and in truth. .

transacted with a circulating medium' chimerical schemes. 'Some of our brethren talk about Three hundred hands were at work

. of$s5 a head just as well as with one giving up in disgust and quitting the yesterday on the new road being built

of $100 or $500 per head. There' Now that warm weather has come order. I confess that in moments of from Tallahassee to Gainesville. As,

'_ ought to be a constant slow, expansion the farmers are in good spirits:in regard despondency I have been,led to ques- soon as the new charter is granted

r of the. volume of the national to the tobacco crop. It was:not tion the propriety of further struggle, they will begin work at other points

currency'to keep pace with the growth damaged by frost as much as at first but, thank God, I have put that Satan along the route. New hands are being

:_ of population l ; but with this, trifling supposed. The Owl. Cigar Companyhas behind me and I intend to battle for added every day. At the present rat{

: exception the level of the currency now more than one hundred handsat the principles of the Farmers' Allianceif of construction it will not be lonjj "before -

ought to be kept as steady, 'as the,level work in the new factory; more are only a baker's dozen stand to my trains will be running. President ,

:' pf tie o ean. constantly _arriving.QuincyHerald.: side.. I am satisfied. |that our- claims. .. I McLean. ... is a hustler.: -f t n i"f".! .". .>' i,,*.

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Bdttor Free Discussion. preacher or editor or banker to the other securities not affected by any RICH FLORIDA LANDS.
Alliance Department. United States Senate, and think we change of law ; second, it did not de-
On page 272 Tom Sawyer says:.'"A are "in the swim;" but when'we come cline so rapidly after exemption as

man may 'approve of ,any ,act of the to take account of stock after a long before; third, it did not decline:faster
Alliance or he may decline to endorse copartnership we shall find Our profitto here under a new exemption than
There never was a man"or woman consist of a large and valuable stockof elsewhere without; fourth, that the

.*above* criticism since the world began.. knowledge. When we can show effect in the caae of savings bank .
Whenever you smother discussion I as good a stock of that as other callings mortgages was to permit the men
and, shutoff, debate you play right will the H __
we no longer complain lending money and not the bor-
into the hands of those who wish 'the being neglected by the United States rowers to pocket the profit of the ex-

order evil. How are 'we to be ,educated Senate,for we shall be there ourselves. emption; fifth, that the borrower is .

except by discussion?" Yes, let the discussion.go on. Turnon worse off than before, for while the rA
Right, worthy lecturer,.,unimpeachably the calcium light and let its most law does not reduce the interest he

3I right. Any cause that is just searching rays fall on all our measures.If pays, it does increase his tax.
never suffers from a full and,free dis- they can't bear the light we don'twant It is therefore clear that the mort-

cussion. The Alliance 'sprang into them. If the most searchingtrials gage exemption law with its attendant

existence because ,many farmers be- show their soundness, then we statutes constitute a scheme of public r
lieved that some present conditionswere can stand on them with confidence. plunder under which an enormoussum -

hostile to, their prosperity.- Turn on the light.. ___ now approaching three millions I Farmers Stop and Think.
There Is belief I
a widespread amongus DUDLEY VV. ADAMS. per annum, is wrung every year from WHY Spend the best years of your
,that the farmer does not receive as Tangerine,Orange County, Fla.,April 1L the industries of Massachusetts for the life cultivating the soils of the frozen
' much as he deserves. There have r
pay sole benefit of her privileged classes.It North and West raising crops on which
thereupon been suggested a great va- A Georgian's Advice. is an exaction which
capitalized, the freight is often not realized, when
riety of remedies. These proposed I've got no advice to give. I shall equals the valuation of the great city you can buy land from the undersigned,
remedies and no doubt many more leave that to the average weekly edi- of Worcester and is three times as rich and fertile as known lands
any ,
should be "well shaken before taken." tor. "Wise men need no advice, great as that from the Carnatic which and where you can raise a crop that the
Will these remedies bear a full and fools won't take it." If a man that excited Burke to deliver the most I United States Government will
free discussion? Can we safely in our has been born, raised, drilled and ed- powerful philippic in our language. BOUNTY of$I 00 on each acre. pay
meetings and through our press giveto ucated to farm don't know his Again and again tax committees of
H 0 LOOn this isn't all. You sell
our members both sides of these business better can
than a man in some the legislature have reported in favorof
questions? 'other occupation, he'd better go off its repeal, but their voice of reason the said crop right there in your home
If we have good sound and soak his head in market for $250 per acre. You ask for
measures soap suds. For has been stifled by the brute force of "
to.advocate a full discussion will all the edification the "How" and "Wherefore.. :.,.
of the hayseed brethren wealth. It is time that those who
the time strengthen their hold on our in general, I give a little extract' suffer from it should at least under- Quite right-facts and figures count best.

j judgment. If any measure of relief below from the Times-Enter rise. stand it. Plant the Land with Sugar 'Cane.

which is proposed will not bear the "The steady decline in the prices of ,. :- .. TO OLD Farmers and carefulperus-

light of the fullest and freest discussion cotton resulting from over production, The Railroad Question. ers of papers, the fact that there is now

'then it must be abandoned.This and the increase in the price of bacon John Livingston, President of theN established near Kissimmee, Fla., the

position is equally true of any and corn should stimulate the farmersto ew York Farmers' ,Alliance, writesas St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale ':
other question of public interest. If diversify their crops and keep at follows in the Southern Planter: news.Ve are talking to all our

any political party or religious creedor home the money spent for supplies of From beginning to end your issue friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
band of self named "reformers" ob- meat, etc." Now, I'll bet the Times- for March is superb-the article by cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will

jects to free speech that very objectionis Enterprise don't know that the finest that deep thinker, Cassius M. Clay, pay you a bounty of two cents per pound
an admission of the weakness of the country meat can be bought in Bostonat i being worth the price of a year's sub- on the manufactured sugar. The St.

cause. Whenever a political party ,or I 6 to 7 cents, and other supplies in scription. If the experience of thirty- Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,
religious creed, by mob law or otherwise about the same proportion. A Wes five years with railroad robbers has averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the

represses public discussion it tern editor would advise about thusly, taught me any fact in life, it is that acre last year, and it will go 5,000
shows that they feel incompetent to "Now, hayseeds, you had better not the railroads can never be controlled. pounds this year.METHODS .

meet the arguments of the opponent plant too much grain this year, you They will take everything the farmer ? This isn't the only big
with argument. know that meat and lard is mightylow has -
except enough to prevent I
life however. The
It is so in our own order. Some and while of your ,
corn is a little starvation
uppish so long as they can use him :
cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee
measures have been invented and received this year, fifteen or twenty cents is to cultivate the fields for their benefit. -
is to become an assured, profitablefact.
certain official endorsement. about all you can count on, and so Yet, what a nation, where the worst richer better
There is no or
These measures were endorsed by the you had better diversify, etc., etc." bribery and corruption the world ever lands in the
meeting at St. Louis after only a few And so I'm going to be in the fashion heard of 'was committed by one whois truck and market-garden
hours' deliberation. The reading and and give some too. Farmers of now one of'the richest of our mill- world than the land on about the Kissimmee. over-
thinking members of the order are Thomas county, if you don't know ionaires! The proof of this is to be flow, or bottom
Write for confirmation to Col.
still deliberating and investigating what is best, I'm sure I don't. You seen in his own evidence reported in ,

iji these measures. Will they bear it? know your abilities, capacities, and New York State Assembly Document, A. K. McClure, editor PhiladelphiaTimes .
who has personal knowledge.Then
As we investigate and study and opportunities. Plant what No. of ,
you please 98, 1873, copies of which I
in lands for or
orange groves
weigh the evidence do those measures and as much Fertilizeall will
as you please. forward on ;application, and the cultivated
or bearing
appear stronger or weaker? I am able and groves already ,
are back
you just naturally perusal of which will strike the com-
I that best interestslie
.,f.j' sorry to notice among .some of our your ears and "sail" in to win. For- mon sense of an honest man as evi- can satisfy you your else.
in seeing before
tie one
:. brothers a disposition to,stop argument get this frost-fight the devil also dence of sickening depravity. No any
on these measures. If these measures the grass, get up soon and work late wonder we are a nation of white slavesl! BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness -
are wise and sound will not the fullest -mind business and and beauty of. Kissimmee. .
I your own make It. took France 1,.coo years to reach ,- .....
light make their value the more distinct every other blamed fellow mind his. the state of pauperization of the masses have never been quesuoneo. IMO

; ? Do those who deplore discus- Make few debts .and pay what you and the general corruption which ne diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia -
sion lack confidence in the invulnerability make. gear God and keep his commandments cessitated the French revolution of -in fact, read our medical

of the measure? Speaking for.I for this is the whole dutyof 1790-98, but we have arrived :at about report. Beautiful cottages, villas or
one, I will frankly say ,that some of man.-People's Economist. the same condition within the period lots suitable for residences. Write

the planks of the Ocala, platform Ito of thirty years-the impoverishmentof for terms and particulars.

fully endorse, some I cannot, and on Exemption of Mortgages the people on the one hand, and' COME SOUTH, And get untold
some I am quite undecided.I It is often urged by moneylendersthat the fabulous fortunes extracted from quantities of the grandest climate in'

want more light. The Allianceis mortgages ought not to be taxed, them by a few hundred railroad mill- the world free with each acre of ground

a school. I belong to ,the Alliance as then they could afford to loan ionaires through 'corrupting and bribing purchased. Come where you can till

because I want to go' to school The money at lower rates. Henry Winn, their representatives. "Let the the soil twelve months in the year.

Alliance is a grand educational\ insti- the _zealous champion of the farmer, pcopk cat grass," said 'the old Frenchman At least write to me for full particulars.

tution and in the not very distant future after an elaborate discussion of this Foulon, a century ago; "The WM. CANNON,
we will all agree that educationis subject as illustrated i in the legislation people be damned said a railroad one- JLissimmee, Fla.A .
the crowning which of Massachusetts concludes gent for the land of the Dluton Companies,
blessing the as follows: hundred millionaire here not many for the Associated Railway land,and the
Alliance has given our people. We We see then, first, that while the years since. Like results will follow lands of KlMlmmee Land Co.
may save a dollar on' the price of a interest, rate on mortgages declined unless the people shall be permitted to Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trucking,
fruit, timber, general forming,
plow or elect enough farmers to theLegislature I'' after they were exempted, it did not vote for the men of their choice freely, and home lands. Send for map showing '

to choose. a J lawyer" .or decline so fast as the interest rate on without either bribery or corruption, ., landsi .a t.,'.a+

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he comiptbrs:-shall cease,bribing for our common schools and providefor Corn OultureV : throwing the, soil so as to lap over
legislatures l and courts, a result attain- the publishing of the same and I select my seed corn whilst feeding the corn row, covering the younggrass
aUefonly l by government ownership furnish them to the patrons of com- my work stock, choosing the large, and,weeds;, once through with"double a
ofl the, railroads I agree with Mr. mon free'schools at cost. smooth, handsomest ears, rubbing off shovel finishes the middle. I
Clay that farmers should l not allow 10. We' demand a more thorough about one-fourth the small end and will here state that there is not a
their attention to be diverted,from the supervision of the schools, and that, shell by hand, rejecting any defective single cockleburr in my farm.
railroad. question by the.sub-treasury the superintendent receive the same grains'that may be on thecob... The earliest tassels will begin to
scheme, as to which there is wide pay that is given grade''teachers, plusan When planting my first crop of corn appear during the working of the corn,
diversity of opinion amongst farmers amount sufficient to pay traveling in Texas,'going back and forth across the fourth time. The'plowing is done
as';:to its.practicability, effect and results expenses.II. the field dropping the seed, I noticeda altogether ,with double shovel plows.If .
,'and'which, on these grounds, is We demand that the examina- white elm tree, growing on the south the weather sets in dry, and the
strongly opposed by a majority of the tion,,of teachers of all grades be 'pub- side of a.grove on the sunny slope ofa wind has not twisted the corn, I go
farmers,of:New York State. lic and that all questions be preparedby hill, was just taking on a perceptibleshade through and back Jn each middle witha
the superintendent under seal of green. My corn; came up fine ,tooth cultivator late. in July,
,Alliance Demands in Polk County. and opened in the presence: of the so evenly and grew off so handsomelythat breaking the crust and lightly stirring
t WHEREAS, we believe,i it''to be con- teachers assembled. I watched the next spring until the soil to prevent breaking and cracks.
ducive of good to the prosperity of 12. We demand that all warrantsbe the tree was in like condition, and This finishes the cultivation, but as a
our state; int' harmony with Justice registered and numbered, and no planted again, 'meeting with like successes rule I go through the corn in August d
and)pnqciples! of economy and ,equal warrants' shall be paid except by num- with the first crop. I have with a hoe, cutting out any large :
rights, td' '.alt;,,'and special favors to ber as registered. since' been guided'by that tree, and weeds that were !missed in plowing, )
none" Therefore be it Resolved, That we as the executive am now waiting! for it ,to bud to plant but sometimes, with a knowledge'' of
-J&stlved, that"we make the following'deinands committee of Polk County Alliancedo my thirty-ninth crop of corn in Texas.I the heat to be endured' in the high
of the Florida Legislature hereby condemn the idea of organ- lay off my corn rows north and corn, I hope there are no weeds, and!
i andcpledge'our influence to de- izing county court for Polk county.G. south, four'feef six, inches apart, usinga have to make up for the indolence in
feai for'any; public'position i in the ,future McC. CRAIG, Chairman, two-horse turning plow, and drop the next season's, crop. "
':each,' and every; member whoignores C. V.GOOLSBY, Secretary, two grains 'to the hill, as near as pos- The foregoing is planting and
the Committee. sible, thirty inches apart in the row, cultivating a, crop of corn on, paper,
i. We demand the election of a following the dropper with a one horse in a,pleasant room made comfortably
United' States Senator who, will pledgehimself' Why Some Men Do Not Succeed. turning 'plow, covering'the corn, from, warm by a good fire, whilst a cold,
'to the Ocala Alliance, de- Two of the most successful men on the bar side of tKe: furrow made inlaying blustering north wind prevails outside,
mands. the North American continent were off, the result being that on but is my practice when weather
:2* We demand an amendment to, recently asked the question, "Whatare each side of the line in which the favors; but when storms of wind and
the 'railroad' commission law, making the causes of poverty ?" One re- corn will .come up the ground has hail and continued floods of rain and
the commissioners elective by the people plied, "Ignorance' and incapacity." been freshly turned in planting the other'contingencies'arise, I have to do
andtheir, decrees and ruling final.. The other said that the prevalent .corn* Laying off the rows north and just the best I can to meet 'the unfavorable -
3'. lYe demand the abolition of'our cause is "The number of young men south' and giving a space of four anda conditions as they come up.
school and, road boards, and placing who are wanting in decision and fixityof ,half feet between the rows, permitsthe Sometimes, in bare feet, with trousers
their; duties on the: county commissioners purpose at the start. They should sun to' shine each day on both rolled above the knees 'and sleeves to
;,;also! ,the,abolition,of the capitationroad stick to it, knowing that by perseverance sides of the growing corn, and also the, shoulders, I have'pulled weeds
tax and contract system, and creating ,industry and ability, they win enables ,the air to circulate freely day after day in the mud, until I
:a road; supervisor- i in each countyon promotion in due course as vacanciesoccur. through the crop. A day or two before wished I had never seen a farm. ButI
; moderate salary, elected, j>y the But they see or hear of someone 'the corn comes up, a heavy brushis I made corn.
people l -whose duty;shah'be\ to;> work making a fortune in Wall street, run over 'the' ground, regardless of 1 The advantages to be secured in
the roads with hired or convict'labor; or ranching, or in mining, and the rows, and the planting is finished. planting corn without checks is that
Provided,*the local/'Board' ,of' Commissioners i ,' away1'they go to try their luck. When When the corn is up and the plant' one way the roots of the corn are
may, levy 'the:, per capita'road they lose, JSLS they do in ninety-nine has three blades, I run round it with a never broken. If ,the land is in good
tax for its own county: cases out'of a hundred, that'is the end double'shovel,plow, the hind blade of tilth and the moisture near the sur-
4. We demand a repeal of our',registration of them; they can never settle, downto which' is'set half turning ,to the front face, the roots will be so near the top,
and election ''laws, .and .a ordinary ways of getting a living shovel. This permits plowing close seeking sunshine and air, that no
common sense, 'law providing: for: a after that and their descent is rapid." and deep next the corn, the turning matter how shallow the cultivation,
district registration officer in ,each This reason hits the nail square on the shovel filling well up the furrow. I corn roots will be found clinging to
district whose,duty,shall be to registera head.: Go where we will, we will finish the middle with: the ordinary the plow every time the rows are t
shovel. This leaves the crossed. The custom is almost uni--
qualified voter,at any time. find men who commenced life under double
S.: :'Ve" demand justice jurisdictionin the'most favorable circumstances, but ground corrugated or undulating, not versal .that checked corn is plantedfour
:all minor criminal offences with who are such complete financial ridged, gently draining the corn row, by four feet, making sixteen
'provision' for sentence to hard labor wrecks that there is but little l hope for if wet weather follows. By the time square feet to each hill, two, stalks to
on-county work. their reformation. They may be this work is completed the plant is the hill where the land is thin.
6;' We. demand an assessment law honest and temperate; they may even from five to seven inches high. Then Planting in rows four feet six inches
compelling each', citizen to return possess natural ability of a high order, with a pocketful of seed com and apart, and hills separated two feet six *
for",taxation their personal and real but lacking in steadiness of purpose, with,hoe in hand, commencing where inches in the row, two stalks to the
property under1-,penalty:and value the they will never succeed. Had they first planted, I go over, replanting hill, will produce on my land just as -
same :under oath' providing severe sufficient will force to stick to one missing hills, and put another grain in good ears as if planted four by four >,
penalty'for perjury in the same. thing; no matter how disagreeable it the hill where but one has come up.I feet, breaking the corn roots by cross *
7. We demand ,exemption from might be at first, were they content to do not expect any yield of corn plowing-I have tried it to my satisfaction -
taxation improvements t to the, valueof advance slowly, they would have no from this replant, but occasionally it -and I gain in yield the difference -
five hundred dollars occupied by reason'now to talk of the "luck" of produces enough good ears to com- as eleven to sixteen. Farms,
actual;bona fi4.residents. those who have pushed forward into pensate for'the work. The purposeis however, fouled up with weeds and
8. ."We demand, an. amendment of .the front ranks. that nearly always after the, tassel grass and cockleburs cannot be well J law:so, as, to- make, the Another cause of poverty is a lack has dried up on .the main planting, cultivated'without checking e
property under mortagepay, the ,debt of;self-confidence. Many men seem there will come a good rain, causinga labor of hoeing would be too great
and all expenses,':also to allow the, to have no faith in, themselves, 'consequently new growth of silk, and the replant With the exception{ of one year,
; in bloom the seed at the when it did not raIn a drop from the
mortgager two years in which: to redeem no assertiveness, no independence being germs
said Poperty'by'' paying original no pluck and no push. Theyare small end of the ear are fertilized, first day of April until the second day :
debt, reasonable expenses"of foreclosure afraid to stand up and speak for causing the grains to develop and ma- of September, I made only about
;and eight per cent, interest on themselves, preferring to lean on ture, frequently projecting beyond the thirty bushels of corn to the acre.
same, and further,that mortgaged property 'others. They are afraid to make an in- shuck. With that exception I have: never
.be exempted'' from taxation to the .vestment, because of the possibility ofa The replanting finished, I remove made less than forty bushels, and
. amount of the mortgage, and tax be failure; they are afraid to tell what the front;tooth 'from an A harrow and have made seventy-five and eighty.A .
be .levied on the mortgage in lieu they can'do, as they might make an go over the crop, stirring the soil rightup neighbor mine, Mr.TomBoone,
thereof. error in doing it.-St. Lois Milter. to the plant, destroying any young has taken premiums. over me at"thecounty
weeds and that have startedin Fair exhibits when I
9; We demand that the State publishand -- H- grass may was
furnish the, .patrons with all For Malaria,Liver Trouble the row. It is astonishing hp.w showing' ninety-five bushels a an. y
the. educational books prepared: by rapid the,growth after this working.The average, on zoo acres of corn. R
Stale1""C&mmissionersand thafcuiheLegislature ,or Indigestion,usJtOWN"S next time I go' over the crop; Notwsthstanding difficultiesof;
adopt a set of text ]books, IRON: BITTERS, I lead with a one hprse turning plow; getting- a. stand i in' the. spring arid''the.

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drouth of last :summer, I have been Their First Mistake. Smyth & Co., he wrapped and packedone

." and am selling corn, and have plenty The Legislature in its deliberations hundred boxes in nine hours. The

to* keep. last Tuesday reported unfavorably on oranges were of the average sIze-one

..If I had more time, I would have the ,bill in aid,of societies for the pre- hundred and twenty-six to the box.

made this letter shorter.-Farm and. 'vention of cruelty to animals, one of Thus it will be seen that he handled

Ranch. the most important measures that is twelve thousand oranges during the
Alliance Bequests i 'in i Leon County. likely to come up before that body. nine hours. George is willing to chal-

The This is a: law that the entire State lenge any packer in the State. The
County Alliance made certain
was sanguine that the lawmakers writer has known one man at Oviedoto
requests of the Legislature of which
.the would be sure and take favorable put up one hundred and twenty
following are apart : action on and frame a 'Jaw'that wouldbe boxes in one day, but the fruit was
The amendment of
Chapter 3945, powerful and binding. It is a law I larger than the size above mentioned.
Laws of Florida, approved May 31, that Florida needs at this time and 'f Orlando Reforter.Intelligent
1889 and the Florida Central and Pen
commonly as one that must have attention in the '' ,
"Stock Law" "No Fence Law" ofLeon :
near future.It Readers will notice that
county so as to provide that the ,
same shall not be operative in is a shame and a stigma on so- : THE FLORIDA TRUNK
any '
ciety and civilization that dumb
election district of said county until a animals are thus to be ignored our"by our Tu's Pillsare (Formerly the F.B.A N Co.) o "
majority of all the votes cast at facilities this season for travel !
any law-makers. Incorporated cities can having In addition to its old
election l held in said
general county connections, the LOUISVILLE '
1 shall be cast in favor of the make such ordinances as,are proper to VILLE 11. R, at the River .
protect their animals, but there oughtto not"warranted to cure" all classes GEORGIA SOUTHERN 4 (
of the said'law therein and then Buwaunee River route to Florida)
; onlyon f diseases! but only such as result
be a law to protect them in the from disordered liver via for a new route from the West.
condition that all fencing requiredby west via Montgomery,Balnbridge
: the'provisions of said act shall be country hope,' remote the Legislature'will'recon.from legal protection.We Vertigo, Headache, Dyspepsia, cello CINNATI, carrying TO TAMPA.through sleepers' ;

done at the expense of the election Fevers Costiveness Bilious The road has now no less than
,the bill before it adjourns.-New ,
*district so voting in favor of its operation Cap i/o/ Colic, Flatulence, etc. Seven. Points of '
; and providing for the submission .
I the North
these not warranted
:2Tor they are "* ,
p of such question to 'the qualified The Cold Wave. fdlllble, but are as nearly so as! it 2wte. namely Fernandina,Callahan
electors of each election district in slble0o make a remedy. Price Live Oak, Lake City, Monticeilo
We have '
taken considerable painsto SOLJTHEOTP0FMAN> EVERY\VIIERE. Junction, making comfortable
said county in proper form at the next ascertain as correctly as possiblethe with Chicago, Kansas City and
general election to be held in said efforts of the unprecedented cold augurated.cities for which this road is

:county! after the passage of suchamending of the early part of last week. From The Florida Central

act, and that only J land all that we have been able to learn 'we STRENGTH OTVLITY and Peninsular /,

,owl 1 rs'shalJ vote upon such question. think the is
'. following as nearly a cor
is the
greatest artery of travel

Lost! How
The enactment of a law taxing dogs Regained, finest .
rect statement as can be made at this parts of Florida,
and bitches. four counties-Gadsden,
time. Alacbua. Lake, Leon Su wan
.The. unconditional repeal of Chapter Vegetables, melons and corn almost THENCE/ Levy, Orange, Hlllsb, rongh,

;,3851, Laws of Florida, approved June entirely destroyed. Peaches oFllfE ,Columbia Madison, Baker Clay,, llarlon.1olk.Bradford, ,

47; \i889, commonly known as the and other fruits badly damaged. Or- nando and DeSoto--in their
"Road runs through the MIDDLE ; :
..." Law.11G anges in many groves do not show GION OF HILL COUWTBY' where are, Maaager.'t'

;' G. GIBBS, Secretary.Railroad any signs of injury as yet..I 'other KNUTHYffi Farming Lands and the

PSI groves the damage is more br: ,less severe bacco Farms
Ethics. ;amounting: in some 'possibly to THE SCIENCE OF LIFE
A Scientific and Standard reached by no other lInet.Bome)
Medical Treatiseon
oracle of New York; after a few words instances when the injured fruit and Physical Debility,Impurities of the Blood.EXHADiTEDVlTALlTY. Tal son.and uhassee other(the towns capital,from),whose

of hearty praise of CoL H. S. Haines, falls the trees will have all they should ample dweiliugs, reposing In

of the S. F. & W., makes the follow carry. country ploy tne is resources coming a lavished renewed '

ing caustic remarks ritretching clown through. ,
: Taken altogether the prospect for avery
"He would have higher standards odiscipline f: large orange crop is still very URTQLD 0 MISERIES llie Peach '
of Bradford Alachna
established and Baker and
: maintained. good. We have not seen neither Resulting from Folly,Vice,Ignorance,Excesses or ties, through the prosperousStrawberry

.From the 'standpoint. .of the traveler r have we heard, of a single instance in for Overtaxation Work,Business, Ene"at1ng.and,theMarrledorsoclal unfitting the Relation.victim

this is, of course, desirable. Fromthat which the tenderest young growth on Avoid unskillful pretenders. Possess this great of LawteySUrke and .
of the investor it'is hardly less" work. It contains 300 pages,royal 8ro. Beautiful In profit to the orange grove-It
so. is
grove trees injured in the least, but*, 1d1ng,embossed,fall gut. Price only f 1.00 by the heart of the state,
But the ,sense' of moral, Gbl gationneeds some young buds and small trees in m 1,postpaid,concealed in plain wrapper. JJlustraVve the finest groves,,one having

to be developed\ ,higher up 'thanthe low places Jjave suffered, also nursery disthignished Prospectus author Free Wm.,if Parker apply'now.M. D.,The re- 70,000 Full-bearing

operating' departments. The apparent -- stock to some extent in some localities. ceiTedth from the GOLD National AND Medical JEWELLED Association DIED A for L Trees,

Jack :of it is the standing ret .-'Orange City Times. this PRIZE ESSAY on NERVOUS and passing for nearly a mile
PHYSICAL DEBILIT V.Dr.Parkerand making way southward to the
of the traffic acorpsof
proach of the
managers PS Assistant Physicians may be consulted, confi the more tropical portions of the
41 American' Railway system as a whole. George Allen is no slouch when i it dentially by mail or in at the office of all portions of tne Slate It reaches
In: 'no other important branch of busi comes to packing oranges. One day No.THE 4 Dalftnch PEABODY 8t., oston.1UDM.INSTITUTE,to whom all Scenic Interest.

ness are contracts, whether verbal or last, week, in the packing house of orders directed for as abova.books or letters. Tor advice should be Wakulla River as Springs beautiful in the and\Vest, the

,written, so; lightly regarded. Bad faith far/innx.Mllvar Mnrlnim. l'i tbe .
and the lakes themselves, with
is at the bottom ,of many railroad wars roundings of rolling land.

and much loss of revenue and, divi- Accompanying: i ii a portrait of the late Prof. Edward to pleasant the clear homes lake In fronts green groves By ,

dends." E. Phelps, M. D., LL. D. of Dartmouth road you can most readily reach
College. lIe was strong,able,man, who stood Hunting and Fishing
h Unless the farmers use the greatest Ugh in the literary and scientific worlds. It is not The settler will find on the line of
'f a greater opportunity for a varied
economy there will suffering and generally known,but it isnevertheless, the truth land than on any other. road In

poverty even in: the fair land of Flor- that Prof. Phelps was the discoverer of what i is clay from and lightest marl soils and to of those richest ,

", ida. With cotton at twelve cents a known'to the Medical profession and ChemiMs!' whether for regular mixed
; they cannot live while- ? Paine's dairy farming, peach or .
, pound, growing universally as Celery Compound, un orange groves and vegetable
it. So they must make up their: questionably one of the most valuable discoveries The tourist' will be gratified
minds live : of this This remarkable scenery. The healtn-eeeker OD
to at home, on their! own century. compound i is route can find'' some spot

productions. Such,provision crops as not nervine, an essence, a sarsaparilla, or any wants. On, the bard clay roads
Florida the horseman will
can be grown should not be neglected. devised.article, bet a discovery, and it marks a and satisfaction, and ,the ride '

Prospenty can only come from the distinct step in medical practice and the treatment and Peninsular Is the'sportsman's

general practice of economy.-Lake \ 'of' nervous complicationsand the greatest Route.NOTR.Passengers
' of all modem diseases-Paresis. It has been from
City Reporter. "
tion having! tickets over tbd
i freely admitted by the best medical talent in the and Peninsular to' points in $!
CATARRH CURED.A W land, and also by the leading chemists and scientists have the privilege of ,being: taken .
son vllle over the Company1*line. ,
clergyman after years of suffering from The Late PROF. HELPS that for nervous troubles, nervous exhaust- a stop-over within the going
1 that loathsome disease Catarrh and vainly ion, insomnia, debility, senility, and even the ticket, with return to tbeir;route
r, trying every known remedy at last found a dreaded and terrible Paresis, has been tion free of extra ,charge. Send (
prescription which cured and nothing ever discovered which reaches the disorder Florida, mailed free.
saved him from complete from this and restores health equal to this discovery of Prof. Phelps. A. O. JUcDONELL, G.
dreadful disease sending a self-addressed
to Prof.J. A. Lawrence J
stamped envelope 8ft
Warren street New York will receive the DON'T. BE.FOQIEDequa1.1heIof flare 'imitation t f Diamond Die". Abtt/nc N. 8. ENNINGTONTituae; f
recipe free of cc arge.' MILY ANDNCY;D.YE'"j; D.E. MAXWELL,General

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:,, e 'add > g '. A
en : .. CIS ep ep- ao**: Soo ." o= eiCENT-ll-WORD" COLUMN. ffLORID/VDiSPATCH I !
eta :: : 11&OWQ
)-4 f 4a.a o ,,-4) Mi
e w .KIAIE
t cP 4/'G} o.d \... r..
"'" ... d tIS To insure Insertion In this column adTertlse- t
\ c:;) RMrnYn.l-
..c. CD ,.dmQ ma ,CIS A : ments must be accompanied by the money. = =
.... r Z
.. t. ..- CM*
s.. 3 ege .: : 4CS z Adrertlsements must not exceed fifty words. .
,- 4) ) 4)m o ... ..... ... Postage Stamp received in payment.,
U w .g !a mw ..Q 0 Count every word.Including: name and address. CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher. PIANOS.
.en H :
: ISBi&sgfcSis&f :>:
.c C- fi
No hogs or chickens have'cholera where Term of Subscription:

C Tilgbman's Condition Powders are used. Restores For one year......'....._.......?.........|2 00
U') Lt.i' iE 9 : .. loss of appetite in any animal. Fall For six months .... ..........., .....-...100 ,I ,Touch,Workmanship S Durability
e=8=III = 't1; Sot to directions eat Satisfaction to give to animals guaranteed.not taught Send .Subscriptions in all cases cash In ad- Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.
BS CDS New York, 148 Fifth Ave.
:it o cSl 35 cents for ample package by mall. Agents vance. 817 Market .
aSal l fi wanted. W.G. TILGHM, Palatka, Fla. Bates of Washington,
1-t l|! i| 4-3-5t Advertising on application.

C\S l -- = ...*d' tffi: Ag p4 For Sale.-Villa Franca, Belair and Sicily REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
<1) Q) lemon trees. Orlando. Nursery JAMES :MOTT. Postal Note,Money Order or.Registered Let-
tf a'\ pilllsli2: | 4-3-4t ter,to order of ,
-i : : For the India date,pot-grown,which fruits FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER
0 ,3i fc I*4 ill Msisiii the fourth year from the seed, very hardy, AND FRUIT GROWER, ,ITS CAUSES AND CURE,
H i$ .. ornamental and prolific address J. A.
v I isigiil. FLETCIIER,Braldentown,Fla. 4-3-lt Jacksonville Fla. Scientifically; treated by an aurlst of worldwide -
I ._ ; reputation Deafness eradicated and
..., .! Slater, St. Auguitlne, Fla., has Northern
:iiai s l-Ei3!; farms, ranches, hotels, city property and [NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.] entirely cured,of from 20 to 3)years'standing. ,

> --C CU" 0...|a5ggog! |gKORNAHRENS merchandise to trade for Southern realty. after all other treatments have failed. How

,C d.... g .d C) Make offers. 4-9-5t BIGPreminm0ffer the difficulty Is reached and the cause removed -

'<1) C :2"0. :;tg.. o t t: -... t= Wanted-300 three to six inch orange trees, ,fully explained In circulars,with affidavits -

,.... .- g=ee 0....! m; soar stock with buds two to three years old; and,testimonials cures from prominent !-
O QQ__ = or sour trees,same site,without bads. State
V = lowest cash Address LockBox people,mailed free.
O : ci'O.2C1)g Od t4C very spot price.
Cob.-'C... ....c:2-: =QCQCI 4, Leesburg, Fla.,stating where trees are. Dr. A.FONTAINE East 14th St.. N.Y.
) C 4 9-4t
a gbti
0 =!!II F e
; cpCIS=="G'" a For sale-Jamaica Sorrel and Pawpaw
1 Q CJ tIe CISSCU'YW: ; iii 0 (Carica papaya) plants; one dollar per dozen, AA AAA PiANOSILIuuu
r O.9 i = f by malt; CYRUS W BUTLER, bt Petersburg,
Z= '- 4)u
c*N CS tltO.g. for hatching, $1 per dozen. Langshans .IftLORXDA ORGANS
,Plymouth Rocks and Brown Leghorns.
ALBERT FRIES, St.Nicholas Fla. It Dispatch Farmer and FruitGrowerFor Placed In Southern Homes since 1870-Twenty( rears'
sacoeasfolboiineM-wlesorer SixAIIlllon" Dollar
Do you need printing of any kind? Send to increasing. !Why Because the Country ta
O DaCosta Printing and Publishing House, one year and a copy otWbitner's flooded with Cheap, Interior Instrument," built

Jacksonville, Fla TO SELL-NOT TO USEand

r" 1 All kinds of books bound and made as good Gardening in Florida the public has found out that
0 as new. Send to Da lishing House,Jacksonville, Fla. *
J: = ALL FOB $2.001 Oar Instrument lead the world. Oar Price..loESS
Do you need printing of any kind? Send to than factories. Terms. Euie t. .Methods Fairest.
DaCosta Printing and Publishing, House, Inducements greatest, and wo pay freight.
O I CI) I I Jacksonville Fla. Whitner's Gardening in Florida is a Write for Free Catalogues and Circulars explaining
handsomelyprinted and bound book of follj-all in plain print. Easy to bay from as.
The Florida Real Estate Journal Arcadia. I
I Q Florida-with State Map-can be had for only 250 pages,being a comprehensive treatise :
ten cents. South Florida lands cheap. 2-19-12 on the vegetable and tropical"products ofFlorida I LUDDEN&BATES)

Bay a home cheap I A pleasant 'home can by_Prof. J. N. Whitner, A. M. SAVANNAH, CA.
in O ri be secured on the installment plan. Nice This book is much sought after for its
-- house and two lots in one of the most pleasant practical information.
locations the city. Address,' CHAS. W.
DACOSTA,Jacksonville, Fla. $2.00 buys the book and our

.. Send us your orders for note paper,pens, paper for one year. FOB wEHyJ! !
Inks and all supplies. We will treat
you This is
I right. DaCosta Printing aud certainly a grand offer. Sendin WA1 | |
Publishing Ocneral and NEKVOUB!mLYt 1'
House,Jacksonville, Fla.. orders at once. Weakness of Body and "
Wanted-Villa Franca Lemon trees and C. W. DACOSTA, UliUJJof Errors or Excesses in Old or Youa-:
White' Niagara Vines. Must be best stock B.b..(..obU flAMIOODrall?Htturtd. Uw t.nlarp ..a|
and cheap. Address, NICOL, care FARMER Jacksonville, Fla. Ab Btr.olit B thnKAK.C5DKTXLOrEIlORbAXjkriBT80r8eDT..lT efaI1l.g! HOBB 7RPJTILST-Bank. !.a SanB
AND FRuIT-GROWER 2-26- .B tcitlfy: from tO 8Ut t and r rclt.CoMtrta. Writ Uca.,
STEAM-:-BOTTLING: TTORKS.J. Do need of Deaertpth. Beet..xptuBttea aad ( )to*.
you and ink stationery Send to DaCosta any Printing klndpaper1'pens ana FLORIDA BOTANICAL DEPOT M4r... ERIC MEDICAL CO.BUFFALO N.Y.NO .'

H. KORNAHRENS, Proprietor, Publishing House,Jacksonville. Fla. ,

Manufacturer of Repair your old family Bibles. Make ,
: DaOosta Publishing MD O' IUM myself. DR. HAMILTON.Wetheredvme.tSilttnereJMd.
rood as new. Printing and -
Soda Water Ginger :
,Sarsapariilla, House, Jacksonville, Fla. WHOLESALE: DEALER ET MEOICCCAZ ti. ( -

Ale, Seltzer and Syrups of Do you need stationery of any kind-paper,
all Kinds. pens and ink Sen d to DaCosta Printing and Boots, Herbs, Barks and Berries. The Garrett Picket &Wire Fence Machine[
Publishing House,Jacksonville, Fla.
for the P. W. Cook BrewingCo' W ar f to theposts.A universal
JK Sole
> Agent
WA.nted-A live
newspaper man to canvass Will pay Highest Cash Prices For favorite. Thousands
Pilsener$:port Beer,In pints and hail pints.qs' the State for two leading publications. Apply In use.Guaraat..d.Freightpaid. .
> to C. W. DACOSTA, DaCosta Printing Agents are reportllhIIiIiEIIE -
Blue Root Blue Butter-
EAST BAY STREET louse,Jacksonville Flag or Lily; Ing1 big sales. Machines,

&Muller Block Repair your old family BIMes. Make them fly Root; Comfrey Root ; Cotton Root dlreci Wire etc.from, at factory wholesale to

Mayer Jacksonville. good as new. DaCosta Piloting and Publishing Bark; Dandelion Root ; Deer Tongue Farmers where I have no
House,Jacksonville, Fla. agent. C.\1olufree. Ad-
For sale at a
praying machines,in.good order. For farther Jerusalem Oak Seed; Poke Root; PricklyAsh S. H. GARRETT. MANSFIELD OHIO.
A SCHOOLPitting Information,address E. J. EAQLETON, Weir
Park, Fla. 4.2-4t Bark; Prickly Ash Berries; Rose
Petals (pale Rose red J IIINCUBATOR
); petals ( ) ; Sampson -
young men for the active duties of life
Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and Snake Root; Saw Palmetto Berries ; .Simple* IVrfect and 'f'lf-Reaalat.

endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council, PROTECT YOUR GRAPES Stillingia Root or Queen's Delight; Sas- [I Ing. hundreds. In rocceOTrnl operation.
and prominent citizens of,the city where located. r 14:nnrnnte,d to hatch a larger peroeotigt
For catalogue" ,clrculanand testimonials,addressT. WITH THE OHIO GRAPE PRO'1' CTOR8. safras Root Bark ; Watermelon Seed ; 'f bateb offertDe r. eggs?.enn at fries Or.rout for ma than*.O&talagrMiOtrenlarsfree. any other
.GrDUNSMORK.: President Staunton, Va. Thoroughly"rot set .
Wild Bark thin } QUINCY
the grape tvhllt Cherry ( virgin) ; Gray

maturing and ri- Moss Black Moss. -

THE SELFRESTORERto pening.Grapes Prtotnt thus 11I11 d... Write for particulars of curing, etc. Ad- CONSUMPTION.

red ripen to per coo- dress office, 39 Newnan 8t ; warehouse and

everyman,yaangmiddle.aged, fiction. wharf, Colcord's wharf, Jacksonville, Fla. I bare positive remedy for the above disease;hilts
f and ola;postage' paid. Address t Madopecla.JI, nw thousands of eases of the wont kind and of lone
out,381ColnmbnaAae.Boatonhfads.FRuaEVAPORATOR. \\prepared water- JOS. POLL Jr' I $taading bare hen cored. Indeed so strong Is my faith
roof paper.ilnstantaneons FARMS I Washington,Iowa. I MMLJCw in its efficacy that I will send TWO BOTTLES ntEC.wttIi. ,
sells and trades lands, property and merchandisein a VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to any sot.
Iowa, Missouri,Arkansas, Nebraska, Illinois, ,Iferer who will send me their Express and P.O.addnea
Attachment Kansas Texas, Florida. J'I. A. Slocnm, M. C., 181 Pearl 8U, N. Y.

eW "V ..."A hundred
e Btudard bunches can be covered tn a fen minute
..... prieo. Illustrated Catalogue ftoee.
TD Zf1lYJC8.IttOM WOKIU V ,CtectaBiUlO. SOMERSET Kr-Sept.201890.
worked to preven .
Easily pat on, and mildew I
G &ve Sabjecttooflvffl ,Will want more next year.
Js Marble Co. isconalered J.M.BICHARDSO1t.OTTOUWA Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co..

Ithelareeetand most responsible IA.,Oct.22.1890.
O-B and retail dealers in moo toanI The covered ard as very valuable. elected strains Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Sp..claUy.BaddlngVOOol .
he idstones in the United States, elrvof I The grapes I are now In perfect
:always giving saUsfa.tion. They lave condition. Those not covered are aa gone. for sale at all times.
I shall want .
more next,year.J.
and works
omfes at 530 W. 20th street
: .T. ll..CX1fOBT1I.PRICES Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATI ENT1ON TO CORRESPONDI NCE. For
95 Laura afereet, Jacksonville, iFla :600,$1.50; 1000,$2.50 :
,,and Orlando Fla,and ayodes Special Discount for larger thea. | Catalogue and Pd -Llst, addtess, :-. ::;\ ,
>t poteta to the Southern Stqfes nnd Sample ]00 sent! on receipt of Fifty Cents. ?


"- Fla


> e. ,

., .\ .
< : .
-- <, -'"" .- -




I Jlz: day earlier than PILES FOREVER CURED.If
I lYo(!' 07 Y&rletT' Ex.te*ted Grounds at theAgrlcual ,,;;oJtT

at Ui nera,N.Ysealed. Color you suffer with any form of this terrible
It t 44 West Forsyth Street, greenish 1\bite pulp loathsome disease and desire to get cured
tender sweet and de
l lirious.' Tbe oulr rope promptly, permanently and cheaply use
i Jacksonville, Florida. -' that ranks tint thin Turkish Electric Ointment. Immediate re- .
earliness and quality.
t leach Tine wltb lief. Action,cool and soothing. It Is the only
1 We guarantee to do the finest wrk'in the our rfjrlstered, trademark remedy In the world and cures the worst cases S
label. Send forrlrcutac.
State. Northern, work and Northern'prices.. .M..ii.iuri>- r Information.: Agents wantedAddress In existence. Bent by mall on receipt of one
J Work sent to, as by express will receive < STEPHEN HOYT'S BUNS, New Canaan Ct. dollar-no free samples.! We mean business. '_
i prompt attention and returned' on short Don't hesitate,but remit at once, and address
plainly, TURKISH PHARMACY Co., Albion,
f notice. Country orders. .solicited. Write for fr $. Mich.

laundry list. 4- -3m
\ m rg -' a
$60. $60.
:, g ii.. .ui owozbc. DIRECT SALES.


g A 'aE1 The No.Cutaway.4-feet wide,at f 1&50;cash with
"- 4 order. Full stock in warehouse. Send for circulars.
lOOKING [HllORf"nbj "
1 p E. S. HUBBARD. State Agent,
ujII' .Federal Point. la.
$M 8 are' most likely troubled wit tr
Ws1DQfIWS The best remedy for thin I.the If'brat.fld.
Been 60 yenni. .,In tit ,nrxl never fail f>. Olm r'epartlcnh
tarlyrhat ipUia! &rciR A thn...t...'i-ir.nUiir1or--


Vl poI .) a .uUJ'J.CTVJtJU: or

i ._ fG Monuments Head-stones

i ii Grave-borders"- and all
ri "
Manner of MarSle
"jt ,.
N >

I CURE FITS and Granite Work.

t Catalogues and Designs sent on

When I say euro I do not mean merely to stop them application. 'r1
for a time and then hare them return again. I mean a AGENTS JY NTED.
radical cure. I hare made: the disease of FITS EPI
LEPSY or FALLING SICKNESS a lifelong study. 1, J. CALHOUN & CO., We also deal In Wire and Irun .i.
warrant my remedy to core' the worst cases. Because Fencing Poultry Netting. Farm
others hare failed is no reason for not now receiving a EXCUJSIVU DEALERS and Lawn Fences Gates, Etc.
,, cure. Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle of
my infallible remedy. Gin Express and Post Office.
If II f I U. G. HOOT, M. C.. 183 Pearl St., N. Y- NATIONAL TYPEWRITERAND ..



5 .
t -MANUFACTURERS OF- 52J4 West Bay Street,
;t To introduce our fine Art Work we .

; have reduced prices, and until further ro.c JACKSONVILLE, PLOBIDA.AM'SDEN .

notice will make you a life-size Crayon :::

Portrait, mounted in a magnificent gilt rn J 25 Laura St., Jacksonville Fla.

r frame for $lo.oaRemember W I

you'c10 not pay for NSn 7' QIIMaM4 CS a ",.

) the Portrait until you have seen b u .c... z.... .
and ....;... : :!
t examined it; but we can make a .11.tIt .
life-like Portrait from any Likeness you 0o ;.'1ci'

I may have, tin-type or photograph. And 1-4 .... _-...f2j.S2
rest assured any photograph send us o .. = *
will be faithfully returned with the Por- *89SS rgplf
i i o :::2 .g .;::
f trait. Send the Likeness direct to :us, Q .aq s mogo-!!S

.or write for circulars.WASHINGTON. : ;:j .2c1d:

::I {|:

} And Building Material.CHARLESTONS. ;:::
:Portrait and Publishing: Company, 300-. -"'OSi

=ZkNti )-
l, AOo..syt.

!POULTRY FOOD Itt H ;.:3:..,-::go., t.aJ.J;:t.2,: .,

RUBS STUMP ...-...;: np..3 to":3 q
MIACHINE. Y ": ..--
=! I
; a- r..113 Ii& e
: !
: .: !.
: !: & Works on EAST COAST POULTRY YAKDS. :.:.".:,.ii 9..a:2:: :
t I M Q
oS7 :
eTIME3ER o6 Fourteen varieties! of land and water fowls. .. !oc,=.. .-s o
4 Trade Mark. STUMPS.Willpullanor. Indian Games, Imperial Pekin ,Q- B.-":MO= WwyMaA!! u

HOLLIB' CANNED MEA.T'FOR POULTRY Ducks, Itrobzo Turkeys. I.. c E :Ai" s. i

Will Make Hens Lay! dinsryGrnb lnlf (MINUTES Poultry,supplies of nil kinds. Send a postal .... as '-.!d.W... .... ..t. ;Cod J._... .. ..
Will Make Chickens Grow! HAKES ACLEAN card for my new Illustrated catalogue and a 'A.0 .A :_II!': tt'Oa-G

AND GOOD FOB MOULTING FoWLS. ( price lists. ig.".'t-.h....a! .si
This food Is strictly fresh meat carefully (SWEEP Eggs to Hatch.E. 'CO) .: M.:: i.p 'tfI
seasoned and hermetically .f tw.Aew at a tHUmg.A.mama boy and a homcaa opcrau. CC01Co1 ; T ..1ca'IIS
cooked, ground fine, tk 11.hery Chain or rods to haadl Th.crop en a few W. AMSDEN. Ormond. Fla. I ;"
It tbi flrn will pay for the If aeblaa. It will only eat .. ;.e
sealed In 8-lb cans. Being ground fine acre you 'gif"si:1iw ; : .
,u a pettal. .ard to lead for aa m.'raWd' Catalorv. dtvlag I
can be readily mixed with soft food and fed prie*. terms and tMUraoatali. Address the IfanafMUrrn.JAMES (I) Sa.- : 1e
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Prlc MILNE' & SON. SCOTCH DROVE, IOWA. o.r i. .."c..:......,:;'J!..i.r rg.ia :. .
30 eta can $3 per doz. ,Address HOLLIS C5LIeO ;- : aG1!. = '
per ;
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 :North Q 2'"+ FAVORITE NEW HIGH,SINGER.ARM. Ii y I C '_............,.a.eQ:Q1...g. ;.:p.aray a"o.>ae...{37s ti I -,1t
Boeton, Mass. f Mention paper.I it Style as shown In cut,with full < .ile set attachments and threading,self-setting shuttle.nee- BUGGIES HARNESS at \ PRICE ...&..- C f oa 1;..o t.:.A yM ... .5..t':r
HORTICULTURAL I You can get SKW' : u.achlnes OILY o =a t:3 '
!! ,of manufacturers. save Canvas Boy Direct from FACTORY sad save MIDDLEMEN'S .. g J J
sers Commissions of|25. Sent on Profit. A 190.00 LEATHER 1 M TOP BUGGY,PteclAxl a. y Art.S: =-rcc ')-t-.
SUPPLIES. Ski trial. Warranted 5 years. .Ac Tire Hlcterr' Wheel..W.rr. ..t i,$45. Q.i a. 1y X10... nrr Gp 0-0 1... 000= .
;: =e:
$38.60. 1 Mitt *.
Past Wagon cps. BrnfCT. 'U.I E '
i HORTICULTURAL TOOLS aDd older aup CO- PEIAT1YE lOOK MACHIIE CO., \ :Man cars$'.10. A good f 10 Baggy Harms, 14.90. f1; !iL.g "' : }! .
plies Ow* J C1te.Iar describe, *tbeID lL send. Ilse We pay Freight. Philadelphia U. BUG Y AND O. UT CO.:, 4' '_. =gori9 S ?
Sbrtt/VM. 100.ialB
8eu4.Jo for oar ----- ;
> .lery a if9>(yefaeabr FR EE. for .o.t Olnclnnptl.: Ohio.OUTFITS. \
i Complete SEED CATALOG imbJUhrd.JOHNSON : niut ratedCaUlocoa 5 .
t STOKES, : "OSGOOD"U.8. ; ;

1 $ITa.dRillXark4M, 'iiWe&...... 7 .Standard 1 tc )
Jar M.BU.T1Oliqald airs!
SCALES aatoaati aad"fill o
FEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH.. d_ spay 10O trees per hoer. W* .JEWETT & DWIGHTCO. ;
Bent on trUl.. Freight paid. "plade tae market talc MMB throe .
1 ILLUSTRATED LIST "BEE: .t TON 535 sew sad teprorvd maeklaM,Inclvdlaf a Nw y
; Caapsael Sprayer tot Tloeyard and VarwrtM.
,) .I.W.aS600D. Ala as Im pflo. Clrev 1.
Jennings Nursery Co., Thonsaa. lavarU TIELDFORCFIlUMPCO.L ek w.t.x.Y PJM CINCINNATI.
N.Y. > $ pRNTEP|
..: .: Title "-. j:;;i. :)': &TIOHFS8N! Iligkutoo D. l
: .t J

... ,

.,." .;;; ,, '. .. -
.... i t.....; :.. ""'- _-..,.. i1 i'pa: nsa-":W+ :"wraJ3 *._:;'_L"- '-.... .'-' *"" ; : -

:.. -. '- .' ,..T' o' .
.Y -

o ... ._ _.. .ry_..


Qi ,
A. .
01"1\ ", : L. 0 :Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

r.' 8BPOl1del1ce -C'\7' '' .,. Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,
SOUClted. \.J S Bed-Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattan

0 .. Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
'I' 40
WE SELL ii AI'IO.42: ia. *> *_ Styles.



!..petsiMattings; Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and lA.

1\, ; Crockery Se'tsrin Toilet Sets_, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets. .

-,,.-/;' . Hotels, Boarding Houses, Shins, Steamers Offices and Private Residences 'Furnished from Top to Bottom.

k JW When writing,please mention this paper.


Jacksonville Florida.

Dealers.( in and Manufacturers of High Grade Fertilizers..

Orange! Tree and Truck Fertilizers. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers.

All Grades of Fertilizer Materials on Hand at Lowest! Market Prices.

'. .:We !manufacture, all o own goods at South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made from the best materials. !

'.:rw.e have recently purchased. the-factory and1'good will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Qrlando,*Fla.
,, "
-' '
?:: .. :: .,' 0 J. ALEX. LITTLE, Secretary, and. Treasurer, ,0
.. ,. .
-:f :.: "
.' .' ':." r .- JACKSONVILLE, FLA. .
:&-' .

.. :_. .'';:'.0 ;.
DESTROYER will kill the. cut worm, destroy the grasshopper .
exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects; ,that
n feed on and destroy the young vegetables; and plants.'., Vegetable
Vr and truck growers should investigate the merits .of.this.

wonderful preparation.
'For general information, prices, circulars, etc., address,
.- Box 216. Jacksonville,Fla.
[Mention this paper.|

i".!I. ,""!:. I 01 JOHN CLARK,, SON & CO.,



BERTIMZERS ,Coal; .Hay, Grain, Wines, Liqnors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc .0 t

They produce a strong growth of,wood and a large yield of the best quality fruit. Mr.P.C.Buffum, JACKSONVILLE
of Stanton,Fla.,says: "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange and lemon trees and a nursery, .' j '
the largest in the State,and'I have experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY. "- .: .... .
offered for sale in the State and I find yours more satisfactory than any others I have used." Send Parker._.._...._____.?St.7b J. fl itin Rye.___ ,:r'.oo"
, for beautifully illustrated pamphlet. Orange Valley ...__..._.__ 2.00 I Vfrgiila3lader___ 4.00
____.._ ..___...... .
Spri B p Tal I ey 2.50 Old onrbon. ;;-S.OO
CO. 27 Reyno"* st- ....__ 2 5Offlontroie Hour tta.k_.,,_ A.OO
St Boston. Kentucky
,, ,Kilby ,, { AUGUSTA, GA. Clifton North Caro CIDb ..._ _.......... I Old Baker.-.-._..,___...... 5.00
Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery. Jigs; extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c.t 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post office
money. order,,check or registered letter. We cannot ship dry towns
ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list,sent free on application.
-: John Clark Son & Co.

Augusts, Georgia. CURRANT J' ( {
. ;
. ':"We offtor< for Fall and winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental tree, .
: t. Reset! ,Palms;eta rolled to Florida: All the new Peaches,lately originated In Florida.'Also BEST &CHEAPEST
:: vsperb clout of Evergreens,Camellias,Greenhouse plants,etc. lither. Weed.F n&Del an ot.ben. If..8DCI 014. 8_
f : 3sf; Oar prodoeta' bare been tested in Florida for thirty-three years part. Catalogues free. NEW GRAPES I Free.'CEO.V.JOSSELYN.FRItDONILM.V.
.,. I No A ?eB.ts.: ALddreas, For the protection of Cab.btjro. .
1 .0,.., : %\ ': :' F. J. BRRGKMAN8, JAPANESE INSECT DESTROYER in fact. 8qiuubf ill rtgeUtion Cncnmberf fromdefltroctlralotecU. ,.
i..,: ti'-,.-.,:..'-',:' ''''-: Augusta, Ga. Contains poison. Price bj null%W*. SUmp accepted\.1 JU eUt U,Cr..fc..,*+.

, .

.....,..,... I, e
.. > f
.. ..... .. .' ,1J '
.. ,
>.t. 4' '-)100 & --- -Ra+ -- ',. ,...... ... r@SYS.A: ..iL : .'. :i.J;.




... .
the .Clyde Steamship Co. S' A VA: N N A.H' 'LINE.- -

y Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia -

f New York, Charleston and Florida Lines,. and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours. -

' .The pagnificent' Steamships] of this ,Line! are appointedto Ocean '
Steamship Company.Central
sail as follows. : .
From New York. From JackftoitTllle,
\1er28&BJ 87E 1 '!IElh f'lor-da. ( or 90 Meridian Time)

, Friday Mar. nth, at'8 P. x. ..ALOONQUIN'. Thursday Apr. 2d. at 10:30 A.M. '. :_ >
r Monday Mar. 30th at3p.x..CHEROKEE".8unday. Apr.. 5th. at l:30p. fit.WedneaJay I? as s a ere Hates ,
Apr. 1st. at 8 F.X. ...YEMASSEE'.. Tuesday Apr. 7th. at 2:30 P. H.
Friday Apr. 3d. at 8 P.x..."SEMINOLE..... Thursday Apr. 9th. at 4:30A.;x. Between' '. Jacksonville' and New York: 1st class, 125.60; Intermediate.119.00. ; Excursion. ,t&50
Monday Apr. 6t at8 P. "IROQUOIS" Sunday Apr. 12th. at 7:00 A. x. Steerage,312L&0. '>
8th atSp.x. ..!.ALGONQUIN" Tuesday Apr. 14th, at 8.00A.M.
Wednesday,Apr. Jacksonville Boston
-'CHEROKEE.;r.. 16th, at 10:00 and : Cabin 127.00: Intermediate,21.00;Excurslon.fl7.30; 8teerage112S
Friday Apr. 10th, at 3 P. Thursday Apr. A. x.1
THE Company
Hu llicent .
Monday Apr. 13th, atSp.x..YEMAS8E1!:".. Sunday Apr. 19t.h. at HOOp. M. ? Steamships this are appointed to sail as follows:
Wednesday,Apr. 15th; at8p.x."SEMINOLE..Tuesday. Apr. 21.t. at 2.30 P.x. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
.Friday, Apr. 17th, 'at a P.x. ..."IROQUOIS" Thursday, Apr. 23d. at 4:00 A..X.
.. at 5:00 3t.Wednesday Central or 90 o Meridian Time.]
Monday Apr. Aih, at 3 r.: x. It. Sunday: Apr. 26tht A. .
,Apr 22d, at 3 P. H. .."CHEROKEE"..Tuesday Apr 28th.Qt 7rooxX 'KANSAS: 'CITY Cap' t. Kempton :..-.TT.- ..-..- r Friday Mar 1= 113)a'm
FrIday Apr. 24t.h. at8 P..x..UVEMA8SEE"., Thursday, Apr. 80th.. at 9:00A.H. CHATTAHOOCHEE. Capt. Daggett-.....Saturday, 2- l.Oupm
Monday Apr 27th, at 8 P. .SEMINOLE". Sunday,' May 3d, at 12 Noon. NACOOCHEE.Capt. Smltn........................l\londsf..r 4300 m
Wednesday,Apr 29th. at 8 P.x. .'..'IROQUOIS"... Tuesday, May 5th. at 2 P. M. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg ...........Wednesday! 64.00 a p m
CITY OF AUGUSTA, 'apt.Catharine .'................Friday 86.00 a iD
.... ._.. ..
TALLAHASSEE Capt Fisher. _?. Saturday 97.00 pm.
.St. .Johns RIVer Line. KANSAS CITY.CapjL Kempton ....:. .. Monday 11- .
f CHATTAHOOCHEE.Capt. Daggett........ ............ .....Wednesday, 1310.00 TJOpm am'
NACOOCHEE.Capt.Smith. .. .. Friday, 15- 1200m
CITY BIRMINGHAM, Bur ......... .
Capt. Saturday, 16- 123J
For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St CITY OF AUGUSTA. Capt. Catherine._ ..... .. Monday, 18- 2.30 m
a TALLAHASSEE.Capt. Fisher.................;:........Wednesday, 20- 3.ooam p
t Johns River. KANSAS CITY, Capt. Kempton ... .. .. Friday, 22- 4.0u< iam
CHATTAHOOCHEE Daggett ..._ .....Saturday, II 23- 580p m a .0.
; Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers NACOOCHEE. Capt Smith ._-......_... .Monday 256.30 m''
i.. .. The p
.' CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg.._.Wednesday, 27-, 800a m
( '**o'I.rrYOP :TA.CKSONVILLE: CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Catharine .- -Friday. ,* "l9 10.00
: : a m
.. ,
... > .. .. 0 l' TALLAHASSEE, Capt. .. Saturday, 30- 11.1 am
: Oapt. # .

PREI 'Ic:: DEE..A.e: GATE CITY Capt.Doane........,.*.? .Thursday May 7- 5.00pm."
Oapt. T. W. LUND Jr. CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis.. .. _.,Thursday, .' 14- 10.30am
GATE CITY Cant. Doane.. ......_..........__....Thursday, 21- 4.00pm
Are" appointed to sail from)Jacksonville dally except Saturday' at 8:30 p. m,and from ,CITY OF MACON Capt. 7 ..Thursday, 2S- 9.e))a m
Sanford dally except Sunday,at 9 a. m. :;
SOUTHBOUND.. SCHEDULE. NORTHBOUND. (This.Ship does:NOT Carry Passengers.)

i Leave Read 8:30P.Down.x............................Jacksonville .......................Arrive Read 11:45:Up.p. x. DESSOUG,Capt. Asking.: .........._.. .Tuesday,May 53 S)P x&
1 41 8GOP. M...............................Paltttka ............ ..............Leave 7:00 P. M. DESSOUG,Capt.Aakln .-..-.__Friday. 1511.30 am
1:30 A. M........... ...................Astnr...,...................:..... 2:00 p. u.M DESSOUG, Capt.Asklns.___. *.........Monday, M 25- 6.30pm
2:45 A. M..........................,..St. Francis.......................... 12:45 p. M. a
6:00A.M...............................Beresford ........,.................. ** 11:45A. M. THESE PALACE /STEAMERS, .. .
M 6.-OOA.H........................... Blue Springs......................... 11:00A. Connecting with the Savannah,Florida and Western Railway(
Arrive 8:00 A.)L.- ...Sanford........................... 9:00A. H. to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages Wayeross Short Line)offer
9:15A.x. .........;.................Enterprise.......... ...........:.. 9:30 A. M. I Through Tickets. and Bills of LadIng.Issued to principal equalled point North by no East other and line.Northwest
I ; Also Steamer EVERGLADE (freight only) from Jacksonville for Sanford Mondays"and. "Tla Savannah. For Information and rooms apply to
Thursdays at 6 P. at. Returning,leave Sanford Wednesdays and Saturdays at 6 A.M. J. P. BECKWITH General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN,Soliciting Agent
71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street Jacksonville.
General Passenger,and Ticket! Office, 88 West Bay Street. R. L.WALKER.Agent C. G. ANDERSON, Agent

F. M. IRONflf ONUEHU Jr., Fla.Pass.Agent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla. New' Pier" No.. 85 RICHARDSON'North River'! &New BARNARD York. Agents City,Lewis'Exchange Wharf Balldtnj Boston.,81V.I1I101..

W. F. OG PEN FAX*Traveling Passenger Agent,.83 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla. W. L. JAMES 13 8.Third Street,Philadelphia.} 0
J. O. PELOT, Frt. Agt,on wharf. ,foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville,Fla. J. D. HASHAGEk Eastern Agent 8avM Fla.&Western Ry.Co.,231 Broadway. N.Y.
1 \ L. HOWARD: Fla. Frt. Agent, foot Laura St.;Jacksonville,Flay G.. For M.Tickets app to B Fgeer.W. Railway W.,Gen.Trav. Agt.,JaclUon vtlle, Fla.

J. A. LESLIE. Supt., foot Laura St.,Jackson villa,Fla.;: _

MARSHAL B. CLYDE,A.Bst.Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.- ESTABLISHED 1875.
THEO. G. EOEB,Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green,N.Y.

WM. P. ,CLYDE) & CO., Gen'l Agenlts, .

r, !! .Sevtb Wharves- Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, X. T. -vv iIa.IA.M= : A. ElC:7:


Williams & Clark Fertilizer Co. WHOLESALE

; Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers


Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds St., Augusta, Ga (

: "
A Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits
Americus. Orange Tree Fertilizer, Meal. ", .

: Americus. Orange Tree, No. 2, COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. -

j Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate,

Americus Pure Bone Meal Americus Bone and Potash,: STATE AGENT FOB PURE
Americus. Strawberry Fertilizer, J. E. Tygert & Co.'s A GROUND BONE',' ,

Americus 'Sulphate of Potash, NITRATE SODA.

.' Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. Star Brand Fertilizers
1 .' RKFEBKNCBS e : C. F. Winton, Mandarin, Fla. Dr. H. Knight Bellevlew,Fla.; M. E. Orange Tm : Vegetable SULPHATE POTASH, -
Wilson Clerraont,Fla.; M. P.Godfrey, Mlnneola, Fla.
+ Address all correspondence to WILLIAMS k CLARK FERTILIZER: CO.Augnata .. 5FKIOTLIZEB.. KAINIT, Em .
Ga. These Fertilizers have no superior In'the market and a trial will convince. .


S.A.. V Ey O U R 1\lI: O'N'EJBJ : MASON kGCX molmle and Retail Uealers' IB Foreign "d

... _Domestic

biJiJ_ \ lillor J, llDPilcott<. 'i & CoI'S' t } "CULTURATOR"VEGETATOR" WINES, LIQUORS, CIGARS, ETC.

Ooaapleto FertHlters for Vegetables and. .Fruit Tree*. Analysis and.prlces'upon application.
and Sole !
State Agents. Wholesale\ Dealers m MILWAUKEE and B. # E. BEERS, Flor14a
GBO. W. BAKER'S ROTTED BONE MANURE, Potash. 136 per f ror tJae
tea delivered. Guaranteed Analysis. Send for Catalogue! BAKEBifOS. Old Dominion White Rye and Celebrated Silver King Sour Mash 1875.Office'and .
R.S. FULLER. ,CO.,& Spring, F1a.LoW'PJUC .
Of TOBACCO .TXXfl X3T.CAB, LOT*., '* Warehouse. its West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. .


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:Blood and Bone,,, Chicago Bone Meal,

o'. 3ure ]Fine Ground :Bone, -Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,
Animal Bone and Potash Tobacco Stems
-, .
Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes,' -
'. Sulphate of"Vine Potash &c.t :
_, "" Pulverized Animal Bone, > .

:: .,- .' :pruat an.c1 : :wearing Tree. ..

; .," t Or .
-V-ege-tab1e an.d Potato Grover.. ,

GKEO. EL WILSON, 50 West Bay Sreet5 Jacksonville Fla.

R ..
t rro:8.A.Cco": GROWERS: : ATTENTION: : !

, 1 t.: i THE .a M.dKA Y PLANT SE.TTE..R.C: <: a


; ;

-.. \ .: CAN BE DONE BY H ..ND.

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3 TO all the weary workers who yearly wear themselves out setting plants, stooping over their work, rest is at hand. ,

Ie .. Plants are set quicker, Plants are set better, Plants are set straighter Plants are covered nicer, Plants will:.grow

faster, than when set by hand: ,

It saves time-it saves labor-it saves stooping-it works well in dry ground-it'works well in wet ground. '

4 r It opens the ground, (does not plaster the sides'of the hole as when setting with the "peg" or by hand), puts the plantin

the ground and presses the earth around the roots (not at the bud) all at one stroke, without stopping

-,', It is simple, light, effective and cheap. >

': Truckers need-gardeners require it-nurserymen want is-tomato growers must have it,and tobacco planters cannot

q., do without it; in fact it is an indispensable article on the farm. ,> .,'

\ For particulars, address. GRORGR GRRRNHOW,", r--. :

.:" .. Sole Agent fir Florida and General Agent for,the South, ':'. :
.. TALLAHASSEE, FLA. $ .l ,! ..
: j, ,r '4 -Agents wanted in every.County in the United States. Will 1 lease State and County rights to the proper parties. '


$ ORANGE G McINTOSH, Marion County, Florida: _

o Located on Orange Lake, the home of the native orange. Rich high hammock lands
+ .
rising seventy-five feet above the lake level. Flourishing orange groves. Prominent veg-
etable' shipping point. Well watered. Natural drainage. Railroad,,telegraph, poet office
and school facilities. Universally pronounced one of the very best locations the State.
"O An inspection will satisfy tbe most critical. Inquiries may be addressed to

v A Special, Complete Manure. S. Hr GAITSKILL.

.. For Orange Trees, Yonng and Old, Fruit Trees, and Small:Fraits, .

"Producing a Healthy, Vigorous Growth and Bright, FirrrfFruit;
That Holds on,Until,it is Picked. BICYCLES
I ; .

Scientific research,verified by practical experiment, have enabled us to determine the
most suitable form of plant fcod to produce not only sweet fruit (the most salable),but also J. E. POORMAN
& Agent
We claim that our ORANGE GROWER returns to the soil In suitable form and in proper ,
time those constituent ,which fruits abstract,and will give larger yield,stimulating
a v1 e-roUSDOndltlon of the entire plant. Our ORANGE GROWxR supplies the required Cincinnati Ohio:
elements of plant food and In suitable forms. ,
Experience has proven that Potash Is best adapted to the orange tree,and our ORANGE Catalogue Free. Agents wanted.sssm .
GROWER[ contantalns the largest amount,principally in the form of sulphate. The Bone > .
used is more quickly available than the raw bone, being carefully dissolved, hence more I y
readily taken by the roots of thetree. Many failures are recorded with the bone,and we are
led to believe that the soil of Florida has not the power to dissolve bone and make plant JOIN THE I Ii3oMEI
food of It,which heavier soil possesses. We have aimed to put it in the right form to yield II II'J
'up its plant food gradually through the season. : : :aNV: .l!.iS c : ANT: j I.J.
It w an unquestionable fact,admitted by all that the growth of an orange tree Is the ;,J.:
labor of many years and we can not afford to wait a whole season for the bone to be rendered
soluble. On the other sand,the trees should not be forced by stimulants like fish,guano,
cottonseed meal,which,being rich in ammonia,are consequently too forcing. Experience Building and Loan Association .
.kM farther demonstrated the wisdom of frequent applications of fertilizers,especially on ,
lighter or three times a'year,in January,February or March and in June and
July. It scattered broadcast around the trees,a little way from the trunk,and as And
tar oat as the branches extend, and should be worked lightly the soiL About one-half Own a Home.
pea&d abould be applied to young trees when first set out,working Into the soil
'Ibftt K"ay not come in contact with the,tender roots. Another -pound should be scattered =
around the tree after it Is set out,on the surface,and raked in. The terms of this Aseociauon-have never been equalled In Florida. It offers terms that
OWer trees should be treated at follows: Two pounds for second year,three pounds for should enable every man to,Instead of paying rent'to a landlord, have same sum pay ror t,
.. third year increasing the quantity pound a year entll the tree is ten yean old. A full same property a ftw_ years. It offers beat terms to I
bearteg grove Mioeld have from 1,260 to 2,000 poundsperacre. .: .
Seadfor pamphlet and price.,and all other Information to. J' STOP A MORTGAGE. ', }
'. .- : '_ A., M.:. BOND, General Agent .: Write,for particulars,to the above named Association "

: no" BOWKER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Ha. .: 5 verett...., Block, Jacksonville,.Fla.-..... ':;: ,.
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