Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
August 14, 1897
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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t' 6 ,t Pqarers Editor, j J JACKSONVILLE FtpRiDA AUGUST t 41. '1897. Whole No. 1488 NEW SKRJK8.
r ,. Yol. ]%. No. 33. -
hiU. W.PaCoita, Du lneg Manager ." 1

.w. The Largest: Fruit- (- Growers:i iler '1882. -J./1 I//15 J 1 Years Established. -" .. < 1897. .

y r HIGHEST Know_ the Best Varieties and tlie. ...

QWUTY BEST !TREES Ijd I ISCE t!) ,PIiAlTJtWe $ /I I O' j'I"1qra :"

!l { .- season shipped. than more all other,peaches growers frow'onrownor'eharda'this. in this< section combined. 1 THE / t F-STi JURY NURSERY -COMPANr. '':

GIST and made big MONEY[ at it. : I ,;
e .
I, D "
j BUllYfOB8YrOIitiJR8RRMRNS :'XI r.s ;sneer Nursery of Baker County, Florida. "- wIn -
I;,WRO RRK. FRUIT, ORQWRR&i our O cWv .we've tested a great many varieties! : :.'
1 worthless; some''o ,them we.;find'to be valuable. Our handsome Illustrated 05 Tag,;. "', t:
Catalogue&: gives you tho information that has cost us a great deal of time and a great deal" ';-
'4: :Everything for the South -i'i of money to learn. In addition to our' large Florida and Gulf Coast trade we ship extensively .- a
to other countries. We sold, o.ver. $1,000.00) worth of trees last year to one man. In MeXico.J.J. ;.

e.ePl); um, Par, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapei If you.want' ,, .. ::1ii>;'

.:-, 3pjt s i; (Ornamentals) ,: Roses Etc., Etc.. ,'Etc, ; 'FRUIT' TREES FOR SOUTHERN PLANTING: }, ; ,::.

:,:Varieties. A MILLION and'a'half trees.Over, \ 300 acres., : ,"f,s... .', M
'", &f Il.9.'TTEB stock to select from.. None so LAltGE. We can furnish the best trees of the best varieties,free from insects,and guaranteed true to '< -
t ew 4tatogue''with over BO Illustrations, 23 New .Photographic,yiews, Free x>n name. Correspondence Solicited. Cattalogue Free. 'J": h
tt0n.. "I l lTHE1 ;-'"

GBIFFENG: ,BROS. Co.Inc- 'Macclehnv.t& .. i irSuccessors ,It.r GLEN ST. MARY FLA.. .=

', :: ,to:,W.':D.; Grifflng... Fla. O.I* tAB R, P/esident',, : ;< '
\. :H.MAHVILLE. Secretary, ..t.-4', }."

EEDS' s :tOR FALL: I PLANTING[I I Iii : I 54A "-BusineRs'propoition-* % : i-* ;k- z'w N .

_r YIl F.J.4k1'0 ,
juii,"Refuge Vafentlne; and Beat of'All, $2 75 per bushel; Golden: Wax Black Wax;'and Ward* THE. : -
welli..Kidney".Wax.3 *s buihel.>; 'Lettuce California Cream f f 50? per poanfCabbage ( '
"$t DO tog; oo per.pound.? >A full'line of fresh and reliable.seed: as,low as first-claw.Seeds DEAR SI iSI: ;; desirp to, extend. 'my seed business to the greatest .

:J-.. ,taD te bought,for talogue for.,iFlorida to and.Georgia, ,,Rye. 'and'Rust Proof, Oats.. Forprices add varieties, "t tseedsmi1n poss'lbTe limits: If 'you\ will'help'me to'"do this'bysending me; your orders*: I ...

; will.fiirtlicm*foi'-Very I little >rbfit. 'I' ,handle only} 'the Very best seeds that, '' _, "

\ Q RN, : !lone}' can"buyi receiving;direct from the growersin such quantities as I can ," '

fI, _;135 ,E. Bay Street, ,JACKSONY1XLE/FLA.; .: sell in one season,-thus',my stock will always be, New Crop., Send me a list V/:TV,- '

i (what! y you'want-_and:'I,will make: special i llow bid on the,bill. I will'guarantee .' :;'" k ,

'The.:; fliiloaacikeeHplbricla.. .(" Ojjaficje! Cby', .to save you, money. 'Please let me hear from> } you. Yours t truly! 4 :}, :;' .
: .. .,( ,
.,0.I -. ._. ."'
;; :
: } ) ;in: an experience > t '' I''fi'"
?: of .!thirteen. consocutive. yearn, ,The stock la largoand includes the, following widely! (, V ; V'
j., t known''and.'. thoroughly, approved" varieties,:'viz:;Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown,[ ORANGES ON TlUI'OLIATA-STOOESti": : : / ; .1 ,
4 ". .Ibone'e) 'Early and CehtenniaU Jaffa,Majorca,Ruby Blood,Stark's,or Enterprise Seedless -; .
,Pineapple, U mos s8a. and' rangoiin(( Urind"Klng,Duncan and Marsh Seed-4 .. ,.; ;. .'....

>less Grapefruit Seedless Villa Franca Lemon: (matchless). 'Oblong Kumquat(superior': SATSUMAPARSON. )BROWN:, TANGERINES: ,, ETg.t';.ETO. t-' ,-r .' ,'
,to .the,roundl.'l3udwood" ,) : at. all times.. Prices. 'roasonablo. Prompt .attention to, cor! .r. ,;A..,... r'j:
respondenta.r Address all communications and all remittances payable & -
: make j '+ + +'FIELD, GROWN, :ROSES1, .+.+ ..f''i"i'j, ..::-o: : 31
Florida '
: .e, Orange \ .:-
,. > .',. "'-.i'. .- *
# .DITNEDIN: .:IIjA. [ *tlpclu '
: a" Beauty;Etc.; tc. Imported.CamelliaJaponicas. GRATXBD PBOAJfS fie .*.:, '
Choice Stock Tres the Shell'Nuts of I size General l '
-' bearing finest Paper largo ,and a ? .
.* JitAFTE>D: :PECANS** Line of Fruits, Evergreens, Etc. Prompt 'At nbon.. Proper Treatment.. No.. 1, : :

the oh Icest trees i in Florida.' M nap making'Early Peaches. A full line of.Fears and. Stock The trade supplied.. Orders booked now forfalkfihipmeat.w>"; : :! 1 1r
'Plums.: ,Delicious Celestial Tigs. Mulberries that bear four months. I :
; :!:., IUM11IT. ,, .2iUR V' RRJB: ._ D.,L. PIERSON, )tontte o i,Fk. -- .x w
V V VV .
IT8Ui1A AND OTHER' ORANGES' J ON: TRI !OLTATA. ,... v .. .z,1': I!!',,, l', u
stocks one,two arid three years old. All stock clean and, healthy.. Send forrIntertaloguor 'i = -- TM'v. :, t'" :-
".'''' :,..;::!'.
; .:1'Cii ..
*. ._
: ;;i
i' J. H. GIRARDEAU. Prop.! Monticello, Fla. FRUI T ..! :-, >-
d PRODUCE -l. aiid, t_ .': i _
'F'Kit" >'
We receive and taU,in car loads or..D--'er.I!' lot,. : ', ;; '

'i' t ANED BEGGAR WEED, #, >aU BY.PyodnotA HNNNERY of the and QAHDITEf J'ABJI. OfiCBABD Market: BeporU.SefeTCToe _DAI*. ".: ... ..,::::; .-,:;;-:

i CLEANED? SEED should be sown in Florida] during the. summer, rainy I upon appl caw D. .Address ttMw" .-
jqu should obtain your! :supply,at once. Sow 8 pounds per. 'acre for hay y t.,Ha:Sit Liberty Street PITTSBtTBOH. Penn.. i .:t" V ,,:: V :; y > -..

ot:>nds"'pet acre, for. ;fertilizing parposes.s3 ," so S,. BROTHER s& CO ,MIIBr: ; "
"J.1' ; ,
: Oe entsR: er. Pound Postpaid .-
;:" ., : :: .- .."
i < 2. i-- ;rui
Four Pounds- $t50. 5 Q"uf. .
,. TROPICAL'.nd5etnl-, OO (.. -
rr V %'; : '''\;,;., ..
pi sJlor:. Freight not prepaid'in l less.tnan {50 pound lots .'25' CEpound ,TS'PER; 'Tropkal plant and tree* I'$' ,!' ; :V .
:.C'iCJ; ; 1 lots gad,,less than'100( .pounds' at'22 J.CLOT. TEl'POUNDj J V to should established be et out at before once &Jlaeker & Son :
ndloti'andabove: 20 CENTS IER! :' UND.>; .,. 'Jr. k Winter We mean: y.; : .- .. .- ., ,
I -
: 'Poetically) a dronahw roo>?"crop/ l'-.forage.skid train. We nave r peeUny; Po -OrowdV ;7:0 g;;:-.;:.-: ,. ,- ',Z' n'. "" ;": --.-'
: : ? } ,
tCORI both tho ti h1tcandRod.VariCt1esat.Ocentaper'packet.OO; cents Stock and CKn bed V ".
\. : _
.;. ," .- .. !per Pound; four pounds;$1 postpaid 1 ; teutid. not prepaid, $1.80. for 'CJtttuFA' J
r r-nd 8))fa .-'.* -T '*&. -,7V .J: 1. d ""l1u.l LtsU
J mnartOKamr\o; {but lias*law w .gm In ,Same. ,;"'Everyh
'......-a f .. .,..(.. .CORN'B VS as Kaffir Corn. _- #; *, ; 4 ... .. 5'V''
"'t> < 'fA- '.", ;H '7.G'-'.:HASTING u..J.: '.CO".; S tNSD1en, '-X \ '..' _;; ,f'oi paI'. 01''.."....

C.ur"'catal i a J 1' ,I RLACHENrFLA.. .- .., i JI, if =: ,
."'. ii:45t1i : ; 'ft... "' _
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PINEAPPLES.. est oaks for future use on such partsof will be required to do, th tl

fl .,. --.- the farm as were intended for those ,who adopt and ca11\ V' I.
; meadow or pasture lands. In 18641 plan outlined in this article ve ,:
r : DO YOU KNOW came into possession of my father's run after dynamite oil wit .

4LAt I farm. It had been cleared long to burn or blow out stumps, so "

;;}: enough so that the sugar, beech and they have old logs or chunks

= RUSSELL ? other quick-rotting stumps had disap--, kind to use. If seems strange

peared, but there were from five to that'men will roll and burn lo

ten large oak stumps still standing to these clearings in great heaps ,

== Grower each acre of land. Some of these not make slow fires against e

F. I / Every stumps were old and dry,while others stump and then .burn the stumps

ti, I were still green. It so happened thatI as they burn the logs-Ohio Farm

put out a deadening of_ eightyacres .
of Pines in
Fancy adjoining the part of the farm No More Hoar Cholera.(

that had it. In .
the most stumps on
A correspondent of the T xas
t .
feeding the corn and hay to sheep ,
Farm and Ranch, writing from Hu .- -
w the Country Does. and cattle in the winter time the sleds discovered
a cure has been
; gary, says
would and this
Y pass repass through
in that country for hog cholera. He
deadening, and so I had the men who
The Celebrated INVANHOE and PAIR OAKS PINERIES are known did the feeding bring back a load of says: They are willing to demonstrate, "
throughout the UNITED STATES as producing the FINEST FRUIT EVER PUT for instance that they can cure diseased -i
chunks such could
or logs, as they
ON THE MARKET. hogs so long as they still take
4 load and leave them about the *
K TO produce Fine Fruityou must have easily food, which means as long as the) 4
oak in the meadow and
large stumps have not shown the symptoms of the r
nl FINE I PLANTS. 4. feed lots.I :
disease for more than eight or ten, -
then took and fire
4; I have for sale more Fancy'Plants than any Grower in the Country, and a and concluded; my to try axe to burn some out some days. It is further claimed that hog.j
once treated can with impunity ,
reputation of the I would first cut
Purchase your plants from the PIONEER GROWER of Fancy Pines, and you stumps. into contact with sick and diseased-
absolutely.TRUE TO NAME. notch in a spur root, deep enough to treatment
/ get a GUARANTEE that your plants are animals. I that the
,Price List now ready. WRITE AT ONCE. hold a chunk of some size. In this consists largely in feeding certain

IgEORGE I. RUSSELL, Orlando, Fla.f notch I would lay a chunk and then gredients which strengthen the in! :
start a fire and so keep on until all
with fal
BOX 614.- tines and around the guts,
in the field fire. I
stumps were on which make the same inaccessible :td
would .then go over them several
worms or bacilli, generally pen-
times a day until I would get a good
etratethe guts and make the anima
h deep coal started on each: stump. After
succumb after intense suffering."I .
: that larger chunks or logs can be
t have seen the owners of this process =
used, and the fires need not be visitedso will- '
and they have expressed a '
Ri1way: much. I put but one log or chunk lingness to proceed to the United

; ........... against a stump at a time, and started States at their own expense providing
fire each I
one against stump.

'Kf'' IBSOI1JTELY' THE SHIITEST ROUTE did not let the fire go entirely out, but I the Washington. Department i is;:willing of Agriculture to allow t1j| _

.I kept on and did not get discouragedat to demonstrate free of cost to ti Mm

t8.' 8 PULLMAN DBAWZNO: BOOK CARS, DINING CAM, the slowness of the fire, and in from their process at one of the agricult
one to two weeks the stumps beganto
".-., SHO&OT7GH2TA2LB COACHES, TOESTIBTJLBD TKAH7S. experiment stations or at any 09
disappear and soon there was not
: !
place which might be deemed pra
i left bother in the future.
one me would the
cable. All they require are
:t ; NORTH EAST AND WEST. As to the cost of getting rid of, say a necessary number of hogs and to have {
hundred oak of of
stumps an
average some inclosed space like stable, sheds!
four feet in diameter I would say thatto
; 11ft DAILY TRAINS it It
me was not perceptible. was
is said J -
"The time of treatment not
not full work for two men and teamsto
time ]
weeks while the of
exceed two
.. Wishtaftoa. and Southwestern Limited feed my sheep and cattle, so that subsequent observation would_have tolbe
I And the United States Put Well they could draw chunks and I tooka but
determined by the Department,
delight in attending the fire at leis should, in the opinion of the inventors -
,ant 21 HOURS JACKSONVILLE TO WASHINGTON ure times. If pains are taken to direct -: not exceed the ordinary durationof
the fire there will be roots left ,

...- to interfere with the mower and if .

/I...Tli.-114( '1\ *sempo.ed of test laorond PoUnua Slwptaf=Qu* tt* Zeta Kv. the plow strikes a root it will come of Gadsden
.. Yacsts$ .rooghiritooatPMMrtphU. eh.age.b Was 1aI-.Ba1tt .. out of the ground, for the reason thatit The tobacco crop coun
L, .. '. .K.w York m&tto""i. has been detached from the stump ty thought to be clouded in pros] {
by the action of the fire. a few weeks ago now turns out to r

'I TH"OUGH'PULLMAN, DRAWING-ROOM SLEEPING CARS BETWEEN I have burned out stumps by the the finest, judging from expressjd t
and the of opinion dm every hand, within
,JACKSONVILLE AND NASHVILLE. hundred, have.taken pains to
n ; _
history of the county. The rapjj
go some distance to see where about
kind of had been cuperation of the crop in so sj aJ
; Tbrtttgh :Stoeptaf Cars Dally Jacksoavllle to the same stumps
time is nothing less than won
amd would rather burn
Cincinnati,"via AsfeavIHe, Througfc the
We the farmer
out the stumps where they'stand than ,
I. "LAND OP THB SKY." have them scattered about with dyna- county over their successful a -

mite.It. the weed, which not only insu

'y 2Jit. : b i.lsq 8aWut-.lIIeepIq.. t .tt... ........,... will be, noticed that the chunks good money for their outlay
&AU.VAYer I*oomsollama'Ii
,. !
"' and logs used to burn out the stumpsare and trouble and capital expend

,A. r aII Pees. igt,Ilt Wed Bay serc... .TaoDon.n1e, JL thus put out of the way in as easy which also insures the mainten -
old Gadsden in the first ran
,r.] C LP.. w. A. TUBE;; &H.HABDWKH a manner as possible. Of course the I y
.' '_ ...........Ad.. stumps will burn better in a dry time tobacco growing counties of
(-..._ Warhin i 1J.a.I. .w.-M. than m a wet one. But all told, the as heretofore.-Quincy New
May 2* xto%, I' them. All shippers of pineapple]
,.. winter is the best time to burn -
-- --- -- ---
There is then no danger of fire run section have made money,-

How to Get Bid of the Stumps. "stumped" about 600 acres, and I feel! ning wild and doing damage, Neither profits would have been larg .

( frequently. see articles in the Farmer -, that to relate some-- portion of it may i is there any material difference in!. market had not been hurt earl

: telling us, how to get rid ota do good to such as are troubled with : burning a.dry stump and a green one. season by the rushing of a lot <0
from ; in their field It take some days longer to burna fruit by some grasping grower
ampsat cost b/f; large stumps I may ____ __
ircveoty five.cents:each. Some'of us In.early) times, and before.we had. green'stump, but. the main troubleis later in the season the price wa
so that we could drain the in getting a good coal started on knocked down by some inferi<<

sin Unioin, county it was the side of the stump. By using one vans and other foreign raised

.to leave dome of the fin- log'or chunk at a time, but little wood Tropical Sun.


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: !L YEAR.rowen r )

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ard. they would be doing far better without as possible and follow, it with the har- are proving valuable along the Gulf t

O "ve-j the grass and then there comes a '" States, where the peach has not been .y

dry spell and the grass dries them out, row.With regard to ,implements, the grown as successfully as in the farther :: i a
'- or Oultits etc. Thus their new growth is shorter i Acme harrow is the nest and easiestto north. It is important now that the .; '

The 'ImpOrtance Pine than it would have been under more handle; thoroughly pulverizing and botanical characteristics of each type"" ....4:

L ,vation on favorable conditions and their subsequent leveling the surface. The spring tooth (which we shall call race, 'fora better -" >"1!;: ,,t t

growth is delayed. Moreover,' and Planet Junior sweeps and culti- term,) should be recorded ,with clear., .,.:>1t.fl:

if free"from'grass and well cultivated\ vators likewise do excellent work. ness, and the climate in which each .' ....;.:; : '1:{

rFarmera being kept in a healthy growing condition Some growers have an objection to the! be pointed out as clearly as "'1Pt ,'
er experience m with strong vitality, they will latter on account of their liability to possible. -s,.S."'' "..ii "

some high, dry, poor, mature a better wood growth, and are tear the surface roots, and in the During the past four years the : .;,=, "_ t a;

grow at the time of the less susceptible to damage by frost'or hands of a careless colored man thereis peach has been one of my special' .Y'.'' +.':

rov into profitable the ravages of insects. some reason for it, but I think that studies. Our experimental orchards :... ; :,/ .:' .-

brocMof land, it has Keep from.four to six seven they can be, made harmless enough contain '190 varieties. Large experimental : .. .-:;
g o ,put on paper a few feet on each say side of the trees or perfectly, with careful and judicious management orchards have been studied ...' \?

i regard to the summer clean all the summer by running the: and used occasionally in place near the Gulf and over a thousand .' ':" ;)

roung trees on these of the Acme the is of benefit miles farther north. From what I N',. rv :
harrow and cultivator. Run the: change I ,' !_
ing those new to the Acme in and out around the trees I to the trees. have thus learned, it seems to me that ;' c:""ii:,
it* derive some benefit figure 8 fashion, and then straight up Follow the 'above method and do what is known as the "Onderdonk ,' : ,<:':;;': \
not waste valuable time let classification" the best. An outline';,'-'' '4--i./'
\ and down the rows or straight along <:; :
_ impress is the great the rows only, as necessity will indi escape you in regard to the welfare of of this scheme appears in the report : : : ..''';:/
?ping the trees thor- trees help nature as much as of the United States of .x."
cate. Kept in this manner they will your Department :: : "
during' June, July, need but little hoeing, will be well possible by being thorough in your Agriculture for 1897; page 648Some': :'

11 about the middle of cultivated and will get their share of work and she will repay you with interest of the distinctions made in this classification '. .:." -; i.

Importance. of, which the rain and fertilizer, the latter of -you will assuredly reap your' can not Jbe. noticed with de- :,: ;;\ .

jht'of, to the detri- course a sine qua non, on poor pine reward. ORANGE GROWER. cisive clearness a few hundred miles '_ 'rcr' :
the curtailing of Fruitland'Park farther north but in the semi-tropical : ''. T :-
soil, as the novice of orange culture if Aug. 3, 1897. ,
hilst during the he desires to experiment will not take .. climate of the coast region the charac- ',N
;, growers see the long in finding out. Race-Types of Peaches. tens are striking.. This at once indi :
ng the entire grove cates that the different ,
g the harrow, thereby It is not intended now, however, to From a paper read by Prof, R. H. different degrees of races latitude orignated and at .;-,'f-,Sin

great extent, evaporathe touch on the subject of fertilizer, but Price before the Texas Horticultural different altitudes. These facts
moisture in, the : fertilizing is as essential as cultivationand Society, at Belton, we make liberal further 'substantiated are .;'.J :'f

he rainy season sets since ,the orange tree is a large extracts. < The types outlined by him characteristics. We'divide by the bptanical ". -/*,(;;)." \
feeder its will be in peaches' :} *{ ftforth
of growth proportionto have long been recognized in prac- '
inning June, they .
now cultivated in the United States into ,'..., .. :
_ ntly ,leave the'trees the fertilizer and cultivation givenit. tice by our Florida nurserymen, but five i Peento South ''t-, ..'. -:;' .'
races : ((1) (2)) v!
mer to take' their ,own Keep stirring the soil l, keep fer- perhaps they have not as clearly defined China, (3)) Spanish or Indian ((4) .:; \

,rhaps, ,an :occasional tilizing and if the fertilizer is.imme- their racial,characteristics as it is China, and (5)-( ) Persian.: By i .' '.-, "- ; trace

;' ght(Which with make the heavy their diately sufficient soluble for their give immediate the ,trees wants, only here That done there: are well .defined types of is meant itself"variety with considerable so' fixed as to c, '. "'"'>.:: J .
and' time that there certainty ., :
growers go to the no ipore at one so peaches which behave differently in from seed." ; : '
-y" .f-l:
keep their harrow, is no waste, but keep fertilizing and the same latitude is well.known, and Seed characteristics-The shape; .: i
fertilizer insure
summer over the with 'a complete to a some knowledge of the classification of size and corrugations of the ,seed are '
der this system of healthy growth. Strive, too, with any varieties as affected by climate is necessary so well marked in the more distinct .' ,,-; :

ris much' ,waste, of material at hand, with forest leaves, not only to the practical grow representatives of the different races,4.: ,.
the l land is rapidly muck, and vegetable ,matter of any er, but to the scientist as well. The -' :' *
that after a little practice one can dis ." ;;
kind build soil
oust be kept heavily to up the and improveit peach has been so modified by cli- tinguish them apart by this means' ; '. ":!: fk?
\ year by year. matic influences and erasing of the ,'
alone. This be from
can readily seen t' ,
To the of cultivation different that it is difficult to.demise "
e grower .I consider return to subject types the figure from a photograph.. It will '\" { ,;J'
''to J keep 'the tree row : Observe the contrast of the a'System which will include all va- be seen that the seed of the Peento is ,i*ti
_iraer-by'shallow culti- work of the two growers. The one, rieties and not be subject to some crit- nearly round much compressed at '-

en the rainy season sets the Acme man, has his harrow con- icism. But if a system can be devised the ends corrugations small and <;'. '' ,

the,grass, to grow in the stantly running, the ground along the by which one can distinguish a large somewhat rounded. The seed, of the :. .
spaces, between the ,tree tree rows' is kept lever, the' surface number of varieties and predict within Honey is oval with slightly re-.
and free from and in his reasonable of certainty
crop can be cultivatedows loose weeds a degree

,and turned under one day's work, without'any: great ex which types are likely to succeed in a curved flange 'on corrugations the side. slight Seed ,of prominent'"J Spanish. ",':,"

jng[ humus and improv- ertion, he has gone through many given,section, a long step is made in is large, oval, nearly flat, apex prominent i- .
tical condition of the acres, and he can look at his work the direction of most valuable knowledge corrugations wide and long .
; very ,
[peas.are, planted'in and the neat appearance of the grove The one based upon the pres- at the base they run more longitudinally
satisfaction. The other or absence of glands on the foliage .
,no, account should with man by ence than in other y
race, flange on
hard with his hoe is of considerable value in dis any
encroach on the real work althoughhe one side often prominent. Seed of the '
'th their growth merely scrapes clean a narrow circle tinguishing varieties In the-nursery before I
Persian is somewhat round flattened
more ,.
in building up round the trees, cannot accomplish they fruit. But we have varieties at the base than any other, corrugations .. .
pease a quarter of the work ,of the Acme which bear different glands upon the towards
and it noticeable that same tree. Seedlings from given va apex ,
middles will pre- man,,, when but seldom extend to base -;
hoed in the riety; bear entirely different glands, very apex ,
[from leaching trees are only they are may more or' less prominent. A resemb--
:"icral elements !majority of cases ,neglected a great and vary also in the adherence or non- lance be between the
can seen Spanish
time. Then if the adherence of flesh to the pit and thisis *
ree rows should part of the ,too, and the Persian and there is no ; ,
r' that the trees grass and weeds,are scraped away true even when the variety has been definite history ,in regard to the origin -. "' '
the soil stirred with the fertilized by its own pollen.
possible of the without being .
of the Spanish, it is probable that the ... '
,stored within hoe, the, surface is still left somewhathard There are types coming from Japan, types had the, same origin. The Ins. 1''r...
J1 grass shouldat and therefore more liable to evaporation China and Java, and others which are dian type or the Spanish ,'can only be: :"; rf
any ,time. than it would have been if ,a now being built up in the, southern
from the Persian i ;
jents, essential' more vigorous application of the ,hoe part of the United States, which the distinguished ,_ \
cases, by heavy on :
with and above points do not distinguish with many -
a thorough stirring breakingup '
the fruit, which is characteristic of tjie "
ing the wet of f the surface soil had taken place. clearness. We have seedlings from : '

t? or less grassdifference Be careful and ,do not.,permit the the 'Honey Peach which came from Spanish. ,, R .A
,the China,in seedlings from Peento THE DIFFERENT RACES AS AFFECTED ,. -,
ao grass to,get ahead of you at commencement 1854;
;:Certainly trees of the rainy season, ,or i indeed which came from Australia in '1869; BY'CLUd TE., "

and apparently during the summer as in' that, all of which are adapted to more south- i. Peento (prunus platycarpa. Dec- fc

e, with grass case there is the extra labor of plow, ern latitudes than those of the Persian ne). Tree rather large rl a ;'t x f

iring.a very ing out the rows. Ifplowing should strain, which constitute ,the bulk of orous '

1.that time, .become, necessary. let it be,as, shallow: Northern orchards. The two, types ,gle
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."::;,': i .k'..51'6''....,.1Ll. !':"' ';"..h, '. !.r.'> I. THE FLORIDA, FARMER AND'PRVIT_ -OEOWRR. '\ .... ... ,,
.. ttat1sT';

\ You can Raise the Finest Tobacco the Cubans Ever Sa v\CUsing


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.: The' Great Natural.LFei'tilizer not doctpred or treated with Chemicals. It will be.found equal in every particular toPeruvian th:, asbioned

: _; Guano of Twenty Years ago. : I
Y Note the following guaranteed analysis ;f (

'. Nitrogen .. . < a .'. . . 5to 8 per cent Available Phosphoric Acid .. 12 ....
,. Ammonia ., ". < .1. 7 to 10 per cent. Insoluble Phosphoric Acid .' . \4 t
PhosphoricAcidvolubleiu water: : 6 tb 8 per,cent. Total Phosphoric Acid . s. \to r,
Reverted Phosphoric Acid,, soluble.m diluted organic Potash actual K 20 '; . 3-J "

_, .. l ,. acids'and. readily available . 6 to 7 per cent. ,Equal Sulphate Potash . 6to

I .t,:.' '. PRICE---$44.50 |>ER' TON F.O.B JACKSONVILLE..


f'r,,':- ..- : .. Sole Agents for Florida, Jacksonv
;? ;
S fi '<:.. '. Write for special circular giving history' and detailed information., Also book "WHY WE MAKE THE IDEAL FEE

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I large opening early, frequently in when mature, and covered with heavy ety with yellowish flesh but the flavorIs Tobi =
1 January in the Gulf States, often at a down ; in the Indian type the'fruit is not as good as the others. It is almost !-
low temperature and very irregnlarly; striped with red; .a heavy bearer and useless to plant this race in the
leaves narrow and long,inclined to be sure cropper in its proper' isotherm. southern part of the.Gulf States. "Cuban Exp
; evergreen ; fruit.much flattened, ,skin Seems to have come from the Indian Editor harmer and uit-Cro'
white and mottled with carmine; fleshr' type brought from Spain by the Span Protecting Pig Trees From Frost. In growing,a,tobacr
r white; flavor sweet, with peculiar almond ish missionaries and distributed among How to grow fig trees and have ers must cultivate, fe"
; twang. It is adapted to the the Indians of the extreme Southern them hardy enough to stand one winter manipulatethe: leaf'in
northern part of the citrus, belt, in States. Perhaps it is owing td succes- ,is a problem that I have studied on it will be wen nigh w"
,: which climate it ripens from May 1St sive seedlings in more favorable climate for ten years, and I think I have a great "fad" now to hi
to'June isL It has a tendency to that the type is now varying; learned something in that time. Firstit perts to teach'us benigh
,. sport and some valuable'varieties are All over the Southern States one hears is necessary Ie to get a good early how to grow the fragrin
now coming from the extreme southern the expression that seedlings are surer growth of the tree. This can be done this connection I v
-. part of'the Gulf States, where other bearers than budded trees, and there by cultivation and fertilizing. If the the farmers of Flo"
j races will not grow successfully. seems to be some truth in this belief trees do not make a good growth ear.. waste thousands of -
: lit South China Race-The par 'because by growing seedlings continuously ; ly in the season, they will be likely to Cubans have "got
.' ent of this the Honey Peach, ,varieties may adapt themselvesto grow again in the fall, which will the Floridians ree r
prunus persica, B. & H). Tree medium climate. This type is adapted to make them tender.. If they do not bacco expert" with't =
sized ; branches' leaving the trunkat isothermal lines north of where the stop growing by the first of August enthusiasm that they
an'angle of about fifty Degrees and South China race flourishes. pinch off the growing ends and tive Yankee'when or
: t', curving upward ; buds quite prominent I IV. North China Race.The orig- rub off every* bud that< starts out galore,and from the
!. ; :flowers always large and very inal Chinese Cling, which is a dwarf again., The tree needs remainder ing in odr borders th"
.- abundant, with greater resisting power tree near the coast, is the parent of of the season to perfect its wood.. a host of"tobacco exp
..<,' against cold than any other race tested this race. It is not at all adapted' to The quality of the fertilizers used these people are all n
in this climate; has borne crops annually regions along'the gulf. Two or three has much to do with the making of their business but the m,
during the past four years when hundred'miles farther north it and its hardy trees.. ..Wood ashes make the rank imposters bent on n
many other varieties belonging to different seedlings do well. It is the patent of best fertilizer I have seen used. A Mr. penses while the war I :f
, races failed; foliage small the largest peaches in the United Ladd at Welsh showed me about eight against this class I won
'r slightly con-duplicatedistributed along States; blooms later than ,the Persian Brunswick fig trees a few days ago warn the farmers, for
the limb, color dark green in fall and the flowers are nearly always that are the nicest I.ever saw of that many places they are
'" slightly tinged with red ; requires large; foliage large and flat, turning tender varieiy. They are about seven experts and these_ pec
short season of rest; fruit rather small, towards autumn, in the Southern years old, and all are perfect in trunk from our shores soon
' somewhat oval in shape, slightly flat. States, to a peculiar pea-green, and and limb, and are loaded with fruit. our hard earned dot
tened, suture very deep at basin, but this type among others in an orchardcan He told 'me he had put hard wood ets and the only t -
.:" does not extend more than one-third be detected with ease by this ashes around them. Last year he have learned is -
y; the way, down,; apex long and re means alone. The color of the foliage gathered twenty.five bushels of fruit Among the hundacquaintance
: S curved j r flavor peculiar honey sweet foreshadows the color of fruit, as none from four of these trees. I =
.i ,. :":: Supposed to have originated in China, of the seedlings as a rule, are highly To secure the best results in fig-rais the actual exp
'- '\ from which the seed came. This race colored. The parent came from China, ing one must cultivate the ground very don't know of
is adapted to more. southern climates ;and it is adapted to zones farther north shallow over the roots, and deeper beyond hiredd an expert J'
4 J than any other except the Peento. than those suited to the Spanish. the limits of them. Mulching: tobacco who is
' S ), Honey seedlings are proving very valuable V. Persian Race.-Tree medium is valuable in summer but should be vestmenL The e
,, ',' S. .for the southern Gulf States: size to large ; limbs short, and thick<< removed in the winter. A firm soil tobacco but the
': III. Spanish Race Tree very with long naked places; bark usually gives off heat in"a cold night. Very i iota of informs
; .t" :- large ,except in Indian type; which rich purplish'and red on young wood; young trees should be banked high gained must I
";" : ". :. .evidently .has considerable Persian flowers l large or small in different varieties with dirt: Then if ,they freeze to the tion. The C 5K:
::' .. blood; 'judging from ,the color of the ; foliage crippled and con-duplicate ground they will have a ,short trunk reasons for t
t :. ', young ,-ood. 'which is reddish, the with purplish tinge before fall: left.-Louisiana Fanner and Rice and unless th
.- < -' 7 naked places on the' bearing wood and ing, which happens early. This race Journal. the causes'an
1.".,! : "-T :the corrugations on the pit and'its requires a long period of rest, which 1.I money paid out
,, ,. *' general shape; limbs large, long' and indicates that it has had a more northern Tobacco shipments of last, week poorly spent I
V : spreading; branches, low and droop origin, than any other,.supposed from Braidentown have been-July'29, a special favor to -
>\ '. \. ing;; ;flowers: 'nearly 'always large; to'have been Persian The seedlings 9,000 pounds;August 2,9,985 pounds ing them to go '. =
r' # y 'd flat, persistin kte-fo, now form the bulk of Northern peach total since July 23 31,484 pounds.- experts now COy
-' ruit. orchards. Fruit usually the, most Braidentown Journal! They are tooy 4!,
g highly colored and of the finest flavor.In They attempt t
,h this race,we sometimes find a vari Get up a club for the Fruit Grower. wonderful seer -
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," tfq t emeth dif -Fantiep 0 T taken, KILLS SCALE. '
\., to learn and: V- "'" _- _ ..-r- _ -.g- I i ,
I. _
'..,. ,. 'ubt j cor- The'. t Fall. Garden-Protection Ants. From 1RiFfi 'C THRIP JUICE -:'; f, ,

napondea: genuineIn' .. .

the main.. vexed, There are several things that can it Is Strongly Concentrated, and ,whenDiluted ---'. '..':' 'I:
,'.when they espect but be grown in the home garden, which, ,.
as Directed, it makes .
I J. !
> ',
be if little will Li :- .
treated Florida only given a care, bring < ? t
are I probably the Insecticide ,
Majority of tIIs forth a luscious product. One of Cheapest I" ':' 'i\i\
"tree ,
: ped 'I' '
in the World.
the ; .:. :a ?
same ca ery little of these is the cauliflower. You seldomsee ,,.', ,. >,
'I "
'.' They u money. In cauliflower growing in the home VrnUTIMi CAiI OH MMCC Used in Florida for 13 Years. "--1* *
ericanz' '.ex '5-01 which they garden, yet they may be grown there special t irectlcms''='i;tMAMMONff i : l"s i
and i with than is .?&,
of the inhabitants no more difficulty exper YY. "'t2.'F;;;
atea, eir 'own. stores, ienced, in raising fall lettuce. The H. B. HARSH, General Agent, r Gi w I It
Pat'' Job offices seed should be sown from the middleto "
: D, geta\\>les. even the.latter part of August and care- Okaliumlui'(Lake Co.), Fla.t ."'.oj
frieir : .
rtt fully shaded when very young. As it i sun' SHOT wflMi__ SoId by many merchants.HAMMOND'S ,:- \!

:, don Qon nty. is liable to be very, dry in September, MAKES 1000 _. SLUG SHOT WORKS, ',: :' 'il'FlSHKILL 1 y -'
when the time comes for setting out, .
live of the San Mateo .-HUOSOH. HEW YORK. :;:2: r,
". a great deal of care should be takento ,:: ,
Quincy to see the hold a careful stand by careful set. '-. '';-" ,'

-of'that region, and ting and watering. Large, luscious and wetting, and shading well after one spot and great glaring vacancies .:,:'i3: '
f>Of course we natur- heads will be ready from the middleof planting the ''little' plants may ,get a, where they might'and should have <; '
[find Gadsden county December on till January, when start before the ants find them. Buta been'put. Some runners will grow a _:, !s'
[they have raised for the last heads are generally caught bya common way of dealing with ,them foot or more before making a bud for ',.:";
:of our own little freeze. Specimen heads planted at has been to drop a' small amount of the plant; others will grow three or '\.'
But*the writer this time and cared ,for as has been cornmeal around the outside of the fourinches.. Now, the long ones :i.
:.we Q1fmrpris d mentioned, have I been grown at the seed bed, and soon the industrious lit. should be made to fill the vacant :
only, and that ,ex- Station at Baton Rouge, fifteen inchesin tie creatures are at 'work carrying off spots that need filling, and let the ",
e party had one diameter. There are a number of the meal, and thus the lettuce and celery l- short ones.take the next best place. I d
I shelter the same varieties grown, but the Early Snow seed will have time to'germinate. suppose nobody else loves strawberry- ;;R:
.Orlando, he did ball, Half ,Early' Pan's and Erfurt -Prof. F. H. Burnette in Louisiana plants as I do, and that is why nobody : ,' ,=!
that was as silky'e have done the best. The larger and ,Farmer and Rice Journal. else gives !the matter sufficient thought .- ::.'
tobacco growing later-varieties generally: ate injured by and attention to make it a success. t'
Mateo. This crop the cold weather. These are highly Strawberry .Plants Information Well now,.I have hit upon a little f!
iclteris the SumatraoDounced profitable too, locally, oftentimes sell Wanted. device that has enabled me to give my "f:.}

by expertsble ing from forty cents to seventy-five Editor Farmer and Pn t-Growu; plants space in very good shape, and !
to beat The cents head, according to size. 'at small When
per Mr. G. L. 'Taber has kindly referredme very expense. they
topped. and many of There is another vegetable that has to you as' bein able to give me began to put down runners on the .
'to.",' ten feet-high. ,We been recently introduced into this some.information in regard to strawberry Brandywine and Wm., 'Belt rows, I
of this field, and the country from China, which deservesto plants and perhaps having some called two of my good boys, Carl and r
.in ,the. Item in the: be better known' It is commonly for sale. Will you kindly inform me George. We first"streched a string,
called "Chinese' Cabbage, but, also what varieties you consider best for just as near the row of plants as we
of have time to secai : keeps Chinese ,name Pe Tsai. 'It home use and also what for ,shipping? could have it ,and still giye room inside '

we should is properly a salad plant, and some- What the, cost_per 1,000? and the the string to set all the runners.
king with i a. numbacco what of the appearance of the Swiss probable cost of transportation? If Then the boys were given two trowels f

growers, we, Chard. It grows about fifteen inches' you cannot supply me with plants, to break up the crust between the I
ithere, are other' high,.and has avery large and fleshy kindly put men communication with plants where the cultivator could not
'aboutthere.le leaf stalk.. The leaf itself resemblesthat someone that can do so and oblige go, and make it all mellow. Then
have had a'very' of 'the broad-leaved mustard D. J. M. they put the runners down, placing a
year, and that'un-' plant It'grows, rapidly and forms a Oviedo,Fla. little dirt with the trowel over and .
ake a great deal of long head, not altogether unlike Cos. around the bud, making each plant go ,
,tobacco. Taking'itng lettuce and is used the same as let. For home use try the Phenomenal,I inside the string. They thought I "

the railroad and tuce. The people around the Experiment Rising Seedling, Lady Thompson and might give them a little more room by 1
comparing if with our ,Station are very fond of it and the :Michel. ,For, shipping try the putting the string further away; but I
: 'San ,Mateo sand we many of them prefer it to J lettuce. One Newnan, Hoffman, Cloud. Our advertisers told them we would put it further oft'I
the sand here was alead! of of the:best features of the plant is its can furnish all the varieties. next time. They got them all in nicely ,
:tObacco. rapid growth in hot, dry weather, especially leaving a space of five or six '
at a time when lettuce is Growing Strawberry Runners.A inches between every two plants: s

crop" to be handled by rather difficult to grow.. It is a cruciferous problem besets us right here thatI Then they took a handhoe'and cultivated
'- is estimated at about plant, like the cabbage, and is have discussed'many times ,in these the ground up soft and fine'clear

d every arrangement very easily\ transplanted. Altogether pages. The trouble, is to find a man up to the string. The string was then ,
-e'handling. of this we believe this plant has come to the or boy who will put'the runners isplace moved to the other side of the row,

e results garden to stay, and,the department of so as to have them crowd each i. or, rather, two strings were used, onion ". ,
eillan' also' in horticulture of the Station, would be other as little as possible, and at the each row of berries, leaving 'a path ,
would'probablylarge pleased to hear from anyone who has same time not get out into the row in from fifteen to eighteen inches wjde .
a :scale in tried itCelery the way of the cultivator. I have ex between thetwo strings. Here the -

busin ss. Thee is another plant seldom plained the thing ,over and over to boys stood (or; sat 'down) while put ,
bein 'erected found in our gardens, ,and althoughthe men and boys whom ,I considered ting the plants in, place. .
ly nearing com. stalks grown in Louisiana may be: bright and intelligent I have<< even After the row was finished, of course '. '
ready in ample somewhat smaller than those of'the made drawings on a board of 'what I sO'much walking on the path would .

':the' crap.-Lake, North, yet some .fair plants may be wanted and told .them to take the make it hard from the stamping. The ,
grown which will find a valuable use board along down in the field; but I boys therefore always went through f
iver Durkec, of on the table or for seasoning. The have been obliged to give it up in de with their wheel hoe, and fined it up .
a and Key seed should be. planted at the same spair. When I go to look over the again. After the boys had,finished '.
ailer ending time at which cauliflower seed is' work '1 find runners rooted sticking their work, a nice shower:'of rain. ,-

net receipts of sown and similarly treated. right straight out into the row'where came up, and every plant they had .
d, can,do this The greatest difficulty one is apt to the cultivator could' not get through put down s.soonrooted, ,' gbt where "- _:k
IBtate.hasever experience, besides the extreme,heat without digging''' them up. Then I they 'put. it-Gleanings in1 Bee.Cul 1. 'a ,
'of summer, un- in planting July and August, is in would find three runners on one side ture. .'. ,-
Railroad Com- dealing with 'the ants. They are very of a plant, crowding each other. and ...... ,J ::-.;
The Christian ,have, :,
-r,what would fond of lettuce'and celery seed, and if f not a runner at,*all,on the other' side. that Greece ia :to-powers pay eighteen million
ordinary cirNews. given .a'chance, will carry them all oft: The plants would be altogether too dollars for h r,'' 1rort! :to 'protect) the ,
.. By soaking'the seed ,fora few'hoiirs, close" \together : for, thrifty. growth' in Christians In',Crete;:- 1
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\.4 r:' .' In Defense of the Moles. you are light. He then proceededto

r: '.-:..._' ;The Southern Planter quotes ,the say: "I was employed by a gentleman -' iaJfjllf 1Ce'
t : -'following from'an English exchange: who had a large; sandy field, to ThocStrawelebra QII
'., ,' The professional mole catcher wasquite kill off the moles. I killed them all, rators are th t wbcrrp Ref
,.<.t '.1. : '" ., .an institution in my youth. Like and the field never grew anything ,(PERRY DAVIS'JA growers. Per avoritA of Fior
't Sure and Safe Remedy la cnco. Give goocL ofi.
: ; rat-catchin ..poaching, bird-snaring, speak of afterwards. The grub, wire- frutt'Ion
.. and fish-netting night-line setting, worm, etc., used to eat the roots of every cue and every kind

and even spearing of salmon in the everything that was sown, and the of Bowel Complaint is >te, Fiort
S close season, mole catching "ran' in young plants died off." ,
families,"''and I have known it to run STEEKLER itc .
i3'.ia.Jfiller' vi
through several generations. These
Selecting Seedoorn for the South. MARY T. FROTS
: men, "went on circuit," and carried The particular variety selected Prestden
_" their implements of destruction with for each of the'different regions depends This Is a true statement and S
and undertook for i It can't be made too strong Richard Frotscher's Gravi
". them stipulatedprice
; a
:, more on the care with which Nos.Sib and 520 Gravier S ran
1. I per dozen carcases, to clear the the seed has been selected during the or too emphatic.. Importers and dealers in t1c 1
farm of,.moles. On farm where Garden Seeds. Grasses,do
p l last two or three years,, than upon its tatoes and fruit trees in their
t" I was employed, a lengthy stretch of original source, and without constantcare It Is a simple* cafe and quick by relatives of the te Richa Cos
., ;r/. '. permanent grass and about thirty acres in the selection of seed any vari cure for through send for one Richard free F tscher's er.oft

: of arable land, lying between a wild ety will soon "run out.. The first Cramps, 00ug1J, BBhenmat! .
;:: .moor and a large river, was "infest picking i will give better seed than will Oolio, 001c1s,,
," ed" with moles, and many a hard the later' gatherings, and if the seed Diarrhoea) Croup,
i day's work I have had in levelling the
: be saved from the best stalks only,
hillocks and scattering the soil Two size, 25e. and SOo.
over the practice will soon work a marked
the surface of the land. The farmer in Even '
improvement any variety. Keep It f)17OU. Beware of ff
3 .,- who employed me was greatly in ad. when this cannot bo done for the en Imitations. Buy only tho
vance of his times, and his theory as tire it will be to
crop, easy secure Genuine-Perry DAVU'IoU v
\ to the practical usefulness of moles, enough of the selected seed to plant a erg There should has guard never againecare. been a
5"" '; ',- weasels and'almost kind of wild / BNr.-1wIH. There baa never
., every small field which will produce suffic- Ferry.Sc .?.ylere morealways
:', bird were the subject of much bucolic : oooooooooo< the u;\qt. Fh
ient seed for the'entire crop of the second dealers enfJW het*..I _
ridicule. That is nearly forty years the
'= season, so says Mississippi fERRY'S S
\ and that farmer,is dead but not .
'.*.'.. ago, experiment station. It has been by the is full of Jnformaplanters.
his theories. These were founded on following of this plan that nearly I all job well. To make a perfect job, than now. to Tberewil send for
long and close personal .observations, of our best varieties have been devel paint the wheels well after oiling D. M.Ferry & Co.,
and their,absolute accuracy has long oped, and the superiority of any vari- them. However, without paintingthe
since. been recognized by all intelligent will last and if
ety is usually a very good measure of job a year, repeated
"J '" field naturalists and agriculturists. the care and judgment which were yearly the tires will never become IE

,As far as moles were.concerned, exercised in selecting the seed plantsof loose, and hence need never be reset
<' the land where they ,"most did con- It will take
,. ,the original stock. by shrinking. as long togo !I
:, .. 'gregate" was naturally poor, but i in .....,... to the shop and wait for the resetting .
course of time the moles improved it, of ,the tires as it will to oil three FAIRVIEW '
;; = ", .,and out of 'curiosity I visited the old To Keep the Tires Tight wagons, and the bill for resetting will
ti steading and land last summer and A correspondent of the Kansas be $2 per wagon, while the oil will

: ; .found it rich, infinitely' superior in Farmer describes a simple 'and inexpensive cost only a tenth of that amount. . Choice
heart to that of many other holdings way of keeping,tires tight dur '
k '. : 'where the'demon'.mole' catchers'' were mg the long dry season. .-
still employed in .the expensive: and Run the felloes in hot linseed oil,' Apiary. 4 Pine
i:' -. .destructive, work. The for which purpose iron or zinc troughsare .
\ mole like ourselves, is not perfect-it made or, may be extemporized. Plan
has more than one "redeeming vice:" Take a good-sized'sheetof_ zinc or sheet Bee Hives.'
1 /
", but, taken as a.whole, it is friend of iron, 'say, two feet _by four feet, andcut In beginning with bees, either few -0 FOR

._..', the farmer.; It destroys a vast quan- a slot in the middle to sink the or many, it is very important to com-
'" ,,' ,.. tity of injurious grubs, and in its :oil trough through having the trough mence with the right kind of hives.The Smooth !II!
",! searchings for'these insects,'it certain- drop nearly but not quite through. right kind of hive to adopt is the kind i Cayenne

,. '. >.. ly does injury to ,the roots of cereals Nail this metal on the edges of the that is in general use. Whether ;t < -
and other plants, more particularly two six-inch boards and stretch the exactly suits our fancy or not it is bet- ABBAKA PLANTS'F. t W
; i when the soil is light and in very dry 'boards on the ground and pin them ter to be guided by those who have had r
; r *-' >y yry seasons. The destructive "leather- solid with old harrow teeth. Build a years of experience. While, there may F. N. PRlbl

jacket" is a great source of.its subsist- fire under the oil trough, that is about be more than one kind of hive, in use,
''; ,ance; it destroys mice, and it even half full of paint oil, them set up two to some extent,nine tenths of all the 0. Box 449. OR]

does good as a kind of subsoil\ drainer posts with spikes driven in them to leading apiarists at present have adopted -----
.1 land.. I conclude with the wheels that the lower the hive 'and of
.. of the may an hang on, so same system manipulating
extract from a letter addressed some rim is just submerged with oil. :Mark hives. HOME GRO'Pineapp

:. ,years,ago by a Yorkshire farmer to a the top of the hub, and just as soon The,, Langstroth bee hive; which is -
;, : well-known naturalist, a portion of as the oil comes to a boil turn the most extensively used at present,is nota
which,appeared some years agoin a, wheel until the next spoke is down in costly hive, but a hive so easily made 1.i
i ', work dealing with ornithology, :entomology the oil.In about a minute the oil that almost any one with ordinary tools

l and monmology in relation to will boil again,.. and you must turn the can make it. .
agriculture. \ wheel again. Serve the wheel this The hive proper is a box made of
'' ". ..: To kill moles is to leave the corn way three times, and the hot oil will seven eighths inch pine lumber planed Of the Followi:

.', j .. and turnip crops (upon light lands, drive out all.'''the'air in the pores of f on both sides, and is thirteen and sev-
:".. _' such as sand and deeply-soiled wold the wood and take possession of the en-eighths by twenty inches, outside Izok
i I land) to the ravages of the wireworm, pores itself. As soon as the wheel :'is, measure, and nine and a half inches

,, ,' '.. the grub (cock-chafer), and other in turned a little, the oil on the felloe: deep. This, with a lid and bottom,' Pon
;, :. :.'' sects. I farm, and have farmed, from will be constahtly seen to bubble, forms the brood department.The ABBAKA, Y
.. ,; .: a thousand to fifteen hundred acres 'which is the air coming out of the frames are cut out of the same ','. QUEEN,
"fit;; > in different parishes, and have 'noticed pores to give place to the oil. Should kind of lumber, and are seventeen and QUEEN, _

";:,;. that' try to exterminate the wheel in any one place be allowed five-eighths inches long, and nine and NAMBUCO
-' 'iE ; moles, rooks, sparrows: etc., you have to boil fifteen minutes the'wood will one-eighth inches deep, with a projection
..; iff.-; far more destruction, of crops. An be ruined, and will break off short of the top bar three-fourths of an Apply to .
." .' ',j-'" ,: 'old mole catcher came to me and just like cast iron. It takes about halfa inch at each end,which makes the top 'G. 0. :MA
t :s"i-;" ', asked-me.whether T''would have the gallon of oil to start with,. and a half i bar one and a half inches,longer than ,Florida r
-'. 'f: ?.' moles killed land. I said "No will be for the of frames. To accommodate
< ::: : -, on my ; gallon more ,enough .one Orto ,
::" ::" ;, ', :if I had no,, moles. I should have no farm' wagon, a buggy and cart, and this projection of frame there is a nab: l
'\ .' V" crops" He said,_, "You are the first perhaps; a pair of hay'ake wheels..I bet cut .in: the upper inside edge. of HADDOCK

sari,wh m-I,,have,heard:say that, but .Take a pleasant,_ dry day, and do the body. at each. end of one-inch square., W

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- '4 ,I i TIDI,1'LOBIDA. j1t.V1fR AND :FBUIT-GBOWKB.- 519
..1.0111 ... -
frame to drop down, satisfaction if not much .food in it
Poultry.Edited -
.F'' Which inch below the,upper When due feeds cattle or horses much

r:, .'onaf. by 8.8. DeLANOY..Apopka. FU., '- whole grain Imagine they would utilize -

,turfs department is simply ----.------ ... .- the undigested grain better and s
g exactly'when used for more profitably than any other stock. D
; Geese and Geese Raising. I
the r raising comb honey in The one who thinks geese are not
., .: ex used by placing it on top "There is one step from'the sublime fit to eat is badly'mistaken., They need I Certain Competitors manufacturers Carry who One Point."
use cheap "material
';': 'b er the brood chamber. For to the ridiculous, and a gentleman extra feed before being slaughtered if put together/ without provision for the demands of
-., /.. I; se of producing comb honey visitor once said to me that he they have been picking up theirown bl nature* commlMloM.(contraction and This expansion is the)one are able claim to par for

n boxes, a half-depth body is had never seen this one step so' very living,sand if they are closely confined superiority agents! to desert with UA.which They they seldom often win try as to a bribe conscientious .
d is of the-same dimensionsy short as from horses to geese. In the for two weeks or ten days before killing ,goods even man for*reater will refuse handle Inferior

proper, except it is only sixteen years of farm life we have paida they are still better. The French PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian. Mich.
e dept1/being four and three good deal of attention to poultry method is to confine them in a box in

hs inches} deep., This is supplied and there is no class that has ever which they positively cannot turn MACH'YtiVt

section! holders holding one tier given half the profit for the time and round, feed them all they will eat, anda ftltJiN g IX5WES; $ *}'
e-pound sections, twenty-four in money expended as the flock of geese, few days before dressing them theyare JM AMtKlCAN; Wttv. WQRKS-; ?! ** ir
J> jf -
umber, and when it is necessary to as they pay a thr e-fold'profit: As a stuffed with rye mixed with milk. I AVtA EX r.
c' I table fowl they are excellent are fairly The Germans follow much the i iI
ave more space to store honey, al same H MONEY MAKER
.. cond tier is added by placing one good egg-producers, and are also'valuable -I method, but add onions or garlic,to -the thrifty indastrloui haaJLU about her
.ri, ir ectly; over the other. Any amount for tbeir feathers.I the, ,diet for the last few days. As they and New how to mate money Guide from for poultry l
''of storage room may be had by adding know they are rather unpopularon Fatten they seem to flavor their meat 100 Poultry in colon bed lane for
additional tiers, or upper stones. most farms, but surely this inmost, very perceptibly with the food eaten, for poultr dieea houses e .Lent.acre for remedies 160.if JOG and write recipes now.
;They are encased in large chaff hives cases is an unreasonable prejudice.The and to this fact may be due the,distaste r' leD BAUS3SZS..Bos 31,Impart m."FUM'A" .

as a protection for the ,bees in coldLather main objections that I have heard some have formed to the meat.I .
or: are'put in cellars or under against them always come from men. would not care to serve to guests a CARBON _t

repositories, as the case may In fact, I don't think I ever heard a goose that had been running loose in BI-STJLPHIDE. I
,-Western Rural. woman find fault. with them, and as a barn.lot, pig pen or manure pile. ,
the>poultry is the only source, of, the The American epicure loves his goose grain"The insects best remedy is Bi-sulphide In'every of respect Carbon.for killing It is
,Life of Bees. farmer's wife's "pjn money," s e is with a celery flavor, and this can be cheap, effectual and easy; to apply.-Ala. Kz.
..bee's life depends entirely'upon always loud in their praise. The men given as readily, as the onion by feeding ,Sta.'Send Bulletin for free 61 illustrated pamphlet. It is interesting ,,
amount of work there is in-it. The don't like geese and won't have themon celery. The refuse stalks and ,readable and will save you money.Ohio. F
frail body can only do just so the farm without a fuss, say the leaves can be used and make an inex- Less than ico-lb. lots supplied by S. G. Sear-'
!chand: then it is worn out. Bees reasons for it are: They make so much pensive diet. Chestnuts, walnut ker- Ing Jacksonville, Fla.

vched late in the fall will live the noise, eat grass, love corn, are not fit nels, or, in fact, any nut, will give the
agest, for they do not work at all to eat, gabble like a pack of women at meat a delightful flavor. This may THE
d only get a few-flights before they a sewing circle, spoil the stock water, seem to be lots of trouble, but I do >ARTS GREEN

e_'shut up for'the winter. Those make the barn or poultry yards foul, not mean to say that it is absolutely DUSTER.One .

tched early in- spring live nearly as are a sign of poverty, have no sense, necessary by any. means, nor is it ad-
'ng, if they 'are in a prosperous col- and, worse than all, one man very seriously visable when geese are sold in the
for there when told me that a flock of market where indifferentand man can dust an acre of tobao 0
y, are many days geeseon open good, plants in an hour,.thereby saving ;tout
y'cannot work. .., a farm are a sure sign that'the wo bad bring the same per pound. and even days Qf tedious hand-pickin .
During the busiest season the honey man on that place was "boss." I Bue when one wants an extra delicacyfor Price $5.00; with this paper one yea,,*
e lives only'.about six weeks, and If don't know that this hear all the faults the home table or special customers $0.50. Address the editor' box 524,

e flow is heavy it will gather a table- they are said to have, but I think, of it,.will pay. 'Otherwise corn, .table Jacksonville, Fla. _
nful l of honey. When you are no more'at present i scraps and milk are sufficient A Testimonial.

pted ,to ,waste a piece of comb We will now see how much of this goose should be allowed very little ex- Yours of the 21St duly to hand, and
ey or a' little of the extract left inttom.of is true. They do make noise, and, if ercise for a week before being killed, in reply I beg to say I am very well
a dish, think how many one wants to stand in the back door but we do not want them fattened to pleased with the performance of the
''e weary flights there were before and shout orders to the men at the a point when they are actually dis "Paris Green Duster." I used it, on

t at could be gathered and how precious -. barn, or if a goodly number of them eased, nor are they. fit to eat if poor. my tobacco and it did good work.

every drop of it was to some are between I you and children you Where the stock of water is limited, Yours, etc.,
little worker. want to scold, either effort is sure to .
r and where geese can't be fenced away, W. H. HEATH, .
,, be abortive. I it is impossible, of course, to keep any Nashua, Fla., July 23, '97.
k Honey from the Air.IJeekeeping Yes, they eat gaass and lots of it, number of them. Not that they haveto
for'that is all they ask or- require for'
takes absolutely noth- have an unlimited supply of water,
:fog from the fertility of the soil. The at least nine months of the year. But but they do love to wade,swim or dab- lorida
r."dairymen have pushed that idea'every they harvest it, themselves, and do not ble in it, 'and if permitted will keep a and sOrarnges
where prominently. The constituentsin care whether it is. the very finest pas- pond stirred up and unfit for other ,

..' butter are those that come from the ture grasses or not.. They seem to stock to drink most,of the time. We '
atmosphere, 'and.with honey it is the love the coarse sedges that grow along have an unlimited supply of water, P.. .

i same. It takes nothing from,the soil, water ways, on swampy lands and in and they have never been 'disturbed I

,id in ,these. days.when farms are deg bogs, that nothing else will eat. Theyare about it. A very small pond will ans- jResortsnvestments ;..
in fertility it ,is an importantt. light, and being web-footed do not wer for the geese, and if they are con- [ .. ,
hurt the land by tramping as do other fined to their own puddle during the

aid, bee-keeping displaces no stock. Fox-tail grass is'their especial summer all will be well. developmentsa r ,
delight and after com is laid by in '
crop on the farm. We avail our- If allowed to roost in barn or other
of the flowers which naturallyin July and August the flock may be lots for length of time they make I Attractions .
the neighborhood. 'Vhtlee turned into the corn field and will get .
them foul. But
fat off this and lower blades of quite ordinarily they Addrw, :, ':: ,
men who are not'adapt- very I
many have certain to roost and
no place one
corn that would otherwise be entirely G. 0. ACKERLY,
[keeping hens who into the
go does not notice the filth out on pasture
lost. They do no damage to the corn CCNIRAL FASSENCCR ,
there farmers'
i are sons
yet, fields. should not be fed at
t They night
daughters ,who might, remain at at all unless it has been blown down.It where i i1 is.undesirable for them to THE.TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, .

on the farm, and with a small is very amusing to see a large flock spend the night. .. JACKSONVILLE.,FLORIDA._ :.
through a ,mown field that has
engage in the keeping of bees, go
a large of this fox-tail. How they indicate poverty has.never
make liv'it grown crop
haps independent -
| an millionaires and wives' full
been explained to me at all but it pockets so
strip the seed from the stalk by
,R. F. Holterman.government They
way of that the trade will be
t putting the entire head in their mQuth must have been during the dark ages pin, money-
and pulling back. when the idea that what they did was ruined and the poultry business neg-
[ some years ago '
lectedLondon Rural World
d two'special agents to study 'There is no question but that they first preached. !
of the orange. They areEustis like corn, and we find this. to be the When the fact becomes generally ...... .
r and their work has been very best feed for them'when the, known that the flock of geese proves From Concord comes the information -

,.culable benefit to the growers: pound is covered with snow, and thisis the woman of the farm to be "boss," 1 by letter that many of the tobacco
item of spray alone they re- the only time our breeding birds get the price of stock and eggs will receive growers of that section are.selling their ,
- the. price per barrel. from $27 any. They have access to the manure such a "boom'* that:we who are already crops'in the barns for 35 and 40 centsPouI.

fr,-' TimesUnion.t I pit at all times,-and seem to find much 'in the. ,business 'wilk\ become. a'. .,.:..Quincy Herald

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: State ,News. Our 'Rural Hone which ought to be.. fresh, pour until has so great a variety of'u '
.: the fruit is covered; [set over, a brisk cheap. It economizes labo)| ;-.
-' -,' fire.and. with a long wooden spoon or _ens and purifies and prese: ". # ', ''.:' '
a Two:do11ar1 per box for oranges on About Cans and Canning. 4 paddle keep the fruit gently moving destroying pests I have'neve

thetrees, sounds mighty,nice, and that For, Our Rural Home:' from the bottom. Cook, until tender equal, especially cockroaches _
,is_what Mr. Z. T. Alsobrook realized To begin, everything used in,and and transparent, but not until it looks black ants. 'I( the kitchen an
f .for his crop of 2,000 boxes. 'One of about canning must be scrupulously blue and murky. Care should be tak closets and pantries be cleared

.our growers, who has about 1,000 clean-no soiled or greasy cloths of en'not to break,the fruit now as it is I contents systematically, 'clean
boxes, declined to take that, price. I any kind must be used. Have your placed in the jars. If looks ,is any every crook and corner, thoro
.Next season every one almost will !jars and covers cleaned and fitted, as object do not use the left over juice dried, and every shelf sprinkled
f? ,have some fruit, and .$2.00 a box fort all lids do,not fit all jars. Also havea for a second lot, of fruit. It can be borax and lined with clean paper,

'it'will,help fill many l little gap that sufficient number: of good new rub kept and cooked, down, or better, if f most pest ridden tfhen will be i

4: will be' .open. Prosperity isr'coming. bers convenient .to get at. It,is econ I one has ,two kettles, use one for pouring mediately and effectively rid of thesl
Mr. McKinley and his friends did not omy to bUynew rubbers for canning all the.left,over juice into and keep insects. Blankets and tors put awa
start it.. The, rapid growth of our fruit and keep the best of the used one to start fresh every time. The well sprinkled with bor \and done
orange trees isdoing the work.-Lees- ones for,,jams and preserves. one with the fresh juice will do to up air-tight will never bVfroubled
burg Commercial. Have a towel or some suitablecloth keep, for looks; the one cooked in the with moths. It has the men of,being

it, Anywhere from 30 to 40 cents per at_hand, and'when the fruit is, juices: will! require less sugar and .is the best article for emergencies,

II pound for tobacco in the pole-cur, d about ready to take up rinse a jar good; for food-for ,they are a such as burns, scalds and wou t
with warm water and in a vessel real food. As in the X
persons living country an .
state must be, ,a: fairly paying price,
from what we can see and learn, tothe containing some warm water. There; ,At dome future time I hope to tell faraway from a doctor often need to

man who has given good care, and must_be, something' to prevent the j jar you ,about, combining pears and be fortified with some certain helpful
attention to all the details of the crop. from sitting on the,bare,vessel, and, a grapes.; MRS. M.. L. remedy, I will advise powdered borax, '.
No doubt there may be extra fine lots folded cloth will do, or a.handful\ t ...... because not poisonous. There is
which ought to and will bring higher corn. The towel must be wrapped'ar ,To Get Rid of Cockroaches. no danger of a mistake by an overdoseor

: figures, but they will come more properly )und_the jar. before it .is put in the For Our Rural Home. by misplacing it; hence its virtue.;
under ,the, head of fancy lots. warm water., Have the fruit boiling It has always been a household remedy -
'Various methods of themare
1 From what we can see in carefully and place ,the vessel containing the; destroying in our family, and also witch hazel
fry scanning the columns of our exchanges jar where it will get hotter. Then'j recommended. Borax scattered and my friends often laugh and]
about their haunts will, sometimes
*. we,would say that 40 cents per pound proceed to fill,by putting the fruit in I drive;them ; Cucumber"parings say that I, think these two solution
for the good grades of pole-cured tot with a wooden.or silver spoon; when away will cure any complication. I ,t..
} bacco is about.the'ruling price in this the jar is about half, full give it a aresaid'to, have the same effect. Corrosive :' them "let those laugh who win," =
portion of the State. Occasionally we gentle shake, then put in more ,fruit sublimate will surely kill them, as .I have received so much benefit $T.
and shake when it will but it 'is dangerous to use. An ex both
'' see the,statement that $ioo and $1.25is again; only medicinal and household us?
being paid pound, but' such hold one or two more pieces; then put change recommends the following' from it, I can afford to be laughed at.
statements are usually per made by news in_ the juice, until the can is about full.! which"Cockroaches is certainly worth trying: It is only by trying_it yourself by disinfecting -
write At this point take a spoon, or better, a seemed to thnve on using it to pour down your
correspondents who : '' '
-# paper stick and let all air bubbles every variety of 'poison I ,gave them, kitchen
effect.-Plant City Courier. cypress out sink, and to use in your: bathroom -
: for their number did' diminish.
or air cells; now place in all the or toilet stand for chapped -
It 'was learned yesterday that the One day I took an oldalmanac
fruit the off up hands
you can, wipe top nicely : and to soften the water, thJ
English syndicate that has recently and on ,one of its I read this '
and quickly, put on the rubber and you can learn its wonderful good.-
s <4 .organized the Hernando Manufacturing seal immediately., Care should be 'Equal portions of cornmeal and red Prairie Farmer. =
,Company in Brooksville, has pur taken to see that the rubber, on 'l lead, mixed with molasses'and'spreadon ..t...
chased 14,000 acres.of land in ,the,An-, straight all'round. With a dry, :cloth plates, will destroy roaches, and itdid. In Fly Time. -
; nuttaliga hammock and will soon commence I in several l dishes after
remove: the 'jar to'some rather dark put, sup That inevitable annoyance; ,the fly
active operations. Receiver place out 'of the ,wind. As soon as per and set them on the floor, and at must be,fought with constant perseve]
Stapylton, of the First National Bank the; jars begin ,to cool give the tops nine o'clock in the evening the dishes aace ,to keep he house comfortabf
: of Ocala, is actively interested in'tbis' another turn; do, nQt wait too long to were'so covered with roaches that the and especialy,.,the dining room. "
.I new enterprise-a fact which lends mixture was scarcely visible.. The
do this.. : sight of flies crawling over the food
I color to the current reports of its solvency .' Let me say something about can next night there were fewer 'and' in a enough to spoil even the heartiest ,
and'reliability.:) The Annuttal-- week not a roach was seen. I have
i ning pears. D.on't'spoil one: of the appetites. Screens should have 1 been> '
iga hammock contains, some, 300,000 best and foodiest fruits we have ,by lived. seven years'si ce in the same put up early in the season. Those
acres, much of which is covered by a house and have'not seen one. Scat which -
adding spices and flavoring to them. are adjustable are by f far the
I dense growth of hardwood timber and ter unslacked lime in the chinks and best
For years the common expression has as they may be removed whe
which is largely owned by private par- holes from which they issue."
been "pears are so insipid. They the windows are to be washed. Scre H
; ties,.who as a rule, stand.ready to enter have to be flavored, the favorite flav- If none of.the. above methods are doors:should be.provided with spring' }4
: ;into any industrial movement like- oring with many being lemon ''peel. effectual, try fumigating the house in order that they will not open with "
ly, to lend value to their .19Idings.T .- with sulphur. If this is done thor ':.
; This is all wrong, as the delicate flavor the wind, and will close when anyone ,
Tribune. oughly, one room at a time, it will be
of the pear cannot'be improved upon .- pasees'through' them. If there are no
Pat Lennonsold 1,237 crates of to. when in the proper stage for can- impossible for any insect to live in the' wire screens, by all means secure a =_
l matoes, which netted him $1,943.20over ning. In the firstplace the fruit must house, but the' doors and 'windows few yards o( mosquito netting and
and above freight and commis- be fully sion. His handleas ton-wool, that none of the fumes escape frame and that with the
crates cost 20 cents a piece; let it carefully picked, and coyer netting
intended to ship.them. After the room. It must not be openedfor also. Do not allow the
nails, 2 cents a crate; wrapping paper, if you disgusti[
(for every tomato is wrapped) 2 centsa they are picked take them under shel- at least twenty.rout hours: .little pests full possession of the hour

crate; packing, i o cents a crate;making ter and sort or divide them out, put- Great care'must be exercised iff, =
i 34 cents a:crate. expense here in ting the light-colored 'ones in one lot Hints on. poisonous; Solutions. kitchen for all odors and waste
t getting ready for shipping, or, for the and' the green ones in another. Ifheyhave Thesafest, fs the ,best, and when.'I draw flies. Burn or destroy]
'1,237 crates, $420.58. To this add ; been picked without bruising heard today of a dear little girl taking kitchen,refuse. Never leave any]
K $129 for fertilizers, making $549.58, .they ,will require no further atten- carbolic acid by mistake, it,seemed. tome of that kind abont the house. ,j
which, ,taken from the net returns of tion until by their odor you are''noti a subject;: to be written upon and up all,food carefully, especially] 4
i $1,943.20, leaves $$1,393.62 pay for fied that: they are ready for 'use. 'Do' discussed. ,It is always wise. to choosefor for the blow'fly will ruin it if af.
his tomatoes, picking,working,' planting not wait for them to get soft-only common; household use articles access to the house. Leave no crui
; i and seed. He had two men work flavored. which are,, not*, unsafe or poisonous. where the fly can light upon, tl
ing on his place regularly for some To can,' first wash the flavored So)"many .use ammonia, in.preference and if the table is kept spreadit
'four or five,, months and hired a little fruit, then pare' about what will fill to.borax, and it causes some sad hoursto with a few yards of ch< '
extra Help during picking 'time, but four kettle, quarter and core. If the a mother when her ,child drinks it The pantry often invited, the '
;, ''has_no :account of .the time the:two work:is, done quickly,there will be no by mistake. It does soften the water cause. milk and various =
wit, s regular'hands put in on,the crop .nor need to have a dish of cold water to fQr washing, but, i it is corrosive and are apt to, be spilled on the -

s' :of the,amount paid to'the.:extra.hands, drop.the; fruit in. to prevent it from dangerous,, and riot & safe article,to and not wiped up. or are left
g 'bat;:;it would; probably amount 'to turning dark. Fill conveniently ,full leave,:where,children can get hold of. ercd. i'
.t t.: 1 ugh' to cut his ieturiis ,down a 'granite or porcelain kettle and ,to it. A little powdered borax}is quiteas lip matter )low well saee'
,'c.:,,it' '- l \,$ ; oo;;$, not',Jess, but'this; still gives six quarts of raw' fruit add one coffee effective in softening! water; it costs house is,' flies will ;get 'in! anc

n :a profit iOl;.about $tpo,an .acre on'the cup of white dry sugar. no.more, and it,.is safe,. perfectly so. constant warfare to keep'' it free y

*." ,..,-,C! -. '-.- From a ,kettle of hot'.water,;which No single article used. in a family them.There. are many flt1' .poll: .
:, .,.I.._.,'f.:;0-;.<'"" "" 1''' f ".
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; ;l. .Yo! DAt)' P,.flUIT owss,, 621

.. '- '
June and July: the :equivalent of 3,312 'JU1 know : !

;. moreor 1 1'pQdei ants, 2.208 cut worms, 1.840, myriapods, i'b A. i. y. 'canners .. ........
JA 2,208 sow bugs, 368 weevils and 868 beetles its ya ue The ed eehrm"er .: ,
andsome Ing nioua'statistician has
!CSgather w reazsona figured that the cut .wormS alone that recogdzes > .
;arc dhl.'g were destroy, would have damaged .. Von

an d tats' y of f crops to the :extent of 19.881! 'The toad .,_ .J,; ,;the importance -: :

BA nd a arken devours caterpillars, potato bugs, ants of fertilizers and. > '
bo -
c _us_ eof fJ 'small spiders, grassbopixere, cut worms, and ," apAn ;;, :
I at 'a.t dozens of other injurious insects. plies"them with profit to himself. :::;
? rreleavi ich IS 1 The life and ,habits, of the toad aM i *
h q.1 "fiotner ll imme-, unique. He usuallyemerges from winter 'Illustrated boot :which. tells. what Potash is,how It : r p ,
s possible" T cave I should'be used, .and how much.Potash well-balanced ." :- .. t .
the quarters !during month of April, F. ... ;' ;
jy seek"h 11 oom with and on warm days at this season toads I r'ee' fertilizer should,contain! Js sent" free" to all! applicants. ::;. I .
i- Go Send your address. .. ., _, .. '.
: a e the flies !may be found on their way to the ponds; ", ''. ,
roth'each and stagnant pools. By July 1 to 15, the ,GERMAN ICAIJt'ARYIS,M Kama St..New.Verb." t'r,,. -'
room 'young toads leave the, .water,where theyare :> "', : !':
--- --- -- -----
Peen se. it up and hatched, and spread out over: .the, -{.A'. ,*: 'J.<. :.g.-; .

r another'until field. At this stage,they are exceedingly the fallen insects until the electric' Education of .}.: ;: #.:'( .. ;
e m. Open the sensitive to heat, and secrete themselves! current. was turned off. ., '<,:i, ;. t.j.
indows. Take under rubbish, stones and sticks duringthe >Many gardeners, make a practice of BODY' : : *;"'.::- :
d i day. Once let a heavy shower descend caring for toads and' teaching them to ,,
= e'room with some and out they come from their hid- stay in their {fiAlds and gardens. ,This isis .4 MIND -
andina shprt ing places, until the very ground seems done by keeping them penned for awhile v MORidL51 '.
tie!found in the alive"with them,'and \it almost seems as' in a hole or und r'stonei. .,Unless ,., <1. .
'free from though it were'true that the toads rained provided with such shelter; the toad I --< ; ,
# and water I down. The fact that the young toad ispnable'to would :hop, away in the direction of its i FREE, TUITIONX- .> ,:'
jse soap endure, the heat ".of ,the old home.. On the'whole, .it may be said .
I will.r. be few:flies. sun prevents many :of them from that the toad:"i ia 'the true friend of-the '"."HC; \",. ;t-fM' -.. .,:.'.'.._....... ., '
!,,m.t being killed, as they would be by birds farmer; trucker,, -"-and horticulturist., He-... FlO'RIbAAGRICvLtTv1ALt" ;ioI,!''''''''.'.:\ <'#:'... ;f .It.
-- ---- : "
,. 'r "
"E. > >" ; '.:', ,,.:
rs'. :Friend.w .. ." '
1:.. .
England' farm, :1' J la supported by- grants from the National Gov ,-: ""..
rn nIB of :rainy f rnment. All tuition free to all students ', : :; ...
ter on the barn from Florida Open to males and females. ';, ,-, 'r"q, 'h>
on. to the Women; with' families in town. Men ,, .;...;':..
'oft'n', board at.. College Mess Hall for 110.00'per '." ."
month. A most healthy location; 'College
_ J long tonguet surgeon'attends all students free of charge. '' r #'
the operationdeteetiont Military discipline similar to West Point. 1
Four courses of instruction,Agricultural, x:.
as Mechanical Latin.Scientific and Women's.
illedptestidlgig"WOrjla ., # Superior equipment, in Laboratories. Give W '< "J,
;: ; in, the degrees B 8 and A. B. Fall Term opens .. ,':x
Monday,, October 4th, 1897. For,catalogues, ',' 'f,
apparently be sevyigttimt 'giving full information, address;' L _'(!.' '

it and the\; but worm.the r t b ,0., .C.UJTB, President -ti r .
Lake City, Florida.
4itibly ,I drawn :

PEII"!! into.'thetobacco ( .. .
Farmers have. been told time and.again ,
'fU t' that much of their hard,timesis due to '

e y'ing.6and. their carelessness, their .shiftlessness, I .
er':of'vermin in f'J their loose methods, and to ascertain extent .
a "more'geBeral we must admit that' the charge is a
together with: The: American To4-Not"'Handsome: but Very.Useful. true one. There are in this countryman, _

bulletin Station bvthe wpuld and animals,wnich prey in the,day time. I has many .virtue and. no.serious ,vices.' :- careless of us make,'.Moreover most .of,, all us (.

t F Many stories have been told regarding I Southern Ruralist. '
Southern Ruin learn, ,something,:every season looking .
oftoads., It has been 'saId that t
the ; -
'worm-, :' : back over the, year, we usually can see :C
imbedded rocksor. .
they been found ,
nave' "
d other plants instances in which we could have
inly be more :'masonry or-trees,but all these stories' While in Interlachen, a few days ago, done better. And so far our hard times ,,,'
err and should lack,'confirmation. Three toads were I was told that the' :eonle,of l terlaeheJJbad are our own fault. Submitting to the

coTer wherein to placed in sealed, 'boxes of.plaster;,'and deposited rather .go ,into vthe".culture ofthe, lien, and buying supplies for the '
of>the day. His 'in .the archives of the. French camphor tree. Also that there were' crop stock and.the family that could be.raisedon

his'plumage 'isis Academy Bclen'ce.Upon opening' 'tl be. some'of the finest of the said trees' in that the farm, and running ,an account at f

not fastidious, boxes after: eighteen months,.twd of the town. ypsterday, while'making a trip to the store are,burdens which no legislA- ,
treatment for, toads we 'found to be: !ivo:. ,Other experiments the other side of the this town, tion can affect When tb faults of our. ,r' .

iner. and hor- show that it possible for the I topped At the home, of Dr. Henry 9Wi; are corrected .we will be,in better
din this bulletin, toad to exist. one 'JeM or; more without learned, and while there he showed mea condition to consider the question of ,', a .(
men held .curious food., .:It is also.reasonably that camphor tree, which I distinctly remember tariff and free'' trade bi-metaliam and\ -:; .. ,
mu qualities and many:toads .live'' \to ,reach thA" age Jof at to have seen when a tiny shrub monometalism, excessive transportation '

_was supposed,that least ten to'fifteen years. ,Four:or five three feet in height ,in 1803, four yearsago. rates, etc.,.etc., : .
i, and one instance times during the, year, the toad molts' its .Now this tree is somewhere about .- .- I I" .,.
housewife 'find- skin;' and'ii reported to 'swallow' the 20 feet in height, and spreads about thelame j .';: "
A Connecticut farmer :says he has ;.:;
molted skin. Previous to and some hours distance from side to side. One I l "
"ckly- to poison him too after( molting, the;toad,remains quiet In branch running: out p coupleof feet.from Something acre.Va over one will million J' tons of him rock '.:..",-.: ,.",, Ito

The toad was some. dark or sheltered,, place. 1i the bottom, and'running almost, parallel the guarantee a <' -
dollars for
Collar a ton .(a'million an acre :
I Th 'toad crnnot.endure high.temperaturoa -, with the ground,',is a'little over 11J08t '' > ::
were mixed \ of the lands .
; Jf it) delivered on sandy ,
hichwaa given and is not commonly seenin the in length from the trunk 'ofthe, tree to any :-ir-V... .
the tip. The tree is over foot in diameter ojf the ,Gulf states. ,,""',.' I .
animal' ,
surprise, day time..It is really a nocturnal JJ. I "';', !.
aperhaps will few inches from the ground, and '
it a
the hough when tempted by hunger {"
REWARD $100. _
; a venture out during'the :day, especiallywllenthe at abouttwo feet from th&ground forks, $100 ..... ., \.
gbonever'ef- .air, is ,full,of\moisture.. 1 .Soon making .four large. branches leach pf The readers of this paper will be pleased
w theqoal- after sundown. pr even, .before on. 'coolevenings which must be not Jess l than,four. or' fiveinches to learn'that there is at least one dreaded to' ::.": t ,';
from in diameter. disease that'lC enc has .been able
the toad comes out .I.ta. '
lug animal j chill shelter,:'and: slowly' hops about in' The tree is at present loaded with seed cure in all its stages and that is .Catarrh. .. ,

her of in- search of food. It covers something cf berries, which Dr. Learned informs me : al\81\ Catarrh'CureIsthe,only) positive: j ,
on :to its regular beat, as, its sense of locality,.is he intends to, mature and cure for seed; pure' now known to the medical frater- {"r

than the toed quite strong. It is ,stated in this bulletin He will use, sOmefor his own planting, nity. Catarrh being! a constitutional.disease ..-.
Mr. A. H. that in cities ,and .suburban. villages, the and sell the balance: This tree is very requires a constitutional treatment.
Ingle stomay toads hunt largely beneath the electric fine specimen of:the camphor: tree, and i Hall's 'Catarrh Cure is taken internally,, -r" "'... -

worms lamps. ')Ir. Kirkland Sye that he "once anyone desiring to plant camphor trees acting directly upon the blood and mucous ,:, .- f'. ;
j jterpillars, counted eight 1 large, well-fed toads seated }Would do well to,get 1 seeds from as fastgmwing iiurfaces of the,system.thereby ,desYollng .,. :,

One under.-an 'arc;' light .actively, engaged in a specimen as.this.' ; : the foundation! of.the disease, sad'giving _" -

85 full devouring: insects :which, -'deprived of f This; is not,written seas an adjertise- the patient strength" ; by building ,'. v':' ,
the'constitution.and assisting :nature :
JeB from above: up
killed at wings, the seedor its work 'The live : ,,' .
d to'harenine Another instance is give n, where a colony in doing proprietors. j. 'l
; ants, : of half a'dozen toads\occupied:thesheltered Want to grow. any variety of trees shrmbsor so much faith in its curative powers,that ,;'; "' ,!i .

six BOW place\,under .a. piazza.' Each .other plants;'they should get the seedsof they offer lOne Hundred DoIWstor: ay {'- 1"'-, ,.: -,.
bestirstedthat summer: night at about teno'clock,,they :the beet ;and fastest growing stock 'case that it fade ,to. core.' 'AaftA' ;j&ttrtof ? ? /.<. ? ,,',-
the via tree'is'at.. beautiful specimen, and for Testimonials. AddressCHEN3 r
walkjuagss :
this. one, hopped street, and.took t\ie1r\ :action under'an, its age;leaves any 'other of the kind that l'7. I '& c :i -T. Ie'do'..... ?<().. ..,

.months!. t-7*?Itiar- arc- r light>, i ,where- ..they. > remained.-. > i .. and* ;-, fed I know: n the. shade.:.Southern RuralistjTI ,I Sold by,Dragglst5,16c!! : .'. ,4,.
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J; 522 SIB' FLOMDA VAS1OR AID FZU14 tfJ" .. .tigiisT 1.4.

. -
, =
-, .
.' 'Jobbery in.the Evorgladea. _SAN' JOSE SCALX. I one obscale J-
; Farmer r and Yru11Grour.A '
.' ThTid& The Fort Myers Press prints a 'letter A .discussion' of'.the. "Fungus Diseases h t uses of San almo1t Jo

I ,, :. yie kly Newspaper published at 16JitiaStreet. front William H. Brown, whoseems .of Plants," by Prof. P. H. Rolls seen. This

.," J., -.;;" y l DTIJIelPla.. & \ to 'be thoroughly( ;familiar with of the Florida experiment station at Lion, an Dede in the .cQnven-for-
,_..' ,,'a, .. J'''".. J. ., the matters :about' which' he writes, Lake.City was listened to with closest ward to vf? ateS crowded

.-,: .: TKBMB'" br"8UB8OBIPTION who alleges shameful swindling on-the attention:bathe Society. Prof. Rolfs This insfiseased.twigs-
; ,
:.: tot. .Oat Tttr'.......;..................'1.01 part of Dr. Brecht the Gevernment modestly.gave the; results of some, ex- that the Salfied the members?

-:.,:' :', ..-. .'Forst= lrconthf..-......,........ ,...,. x.w agent to fhe Seminoles. All the mon- periments which he has made in combating a greater orlde does prevail and to

A: ,, In"Fordxit Coiuitttei ..."..................... ,.* ey he, expends, presumably for the the destructive work of.the San that the fruit V in Georgia tF,

l '" : ;= ; h'Sab8criptions in all cases cash in benefit of the Indians, is wasted or at Jose scale with a fungus found upon ous enemy to have a danger.The

:' /;0' .' advance. ..No discount allowed on one's"own least diverted to.other uses,.as the Indians the.,water oak. His experiments with discuss
subscription(except in a clum,out to : this have been successful be he p reventive ='
liberal cash commission will are suspicious hint)_and 'will fungus so measures to
be allagenis allowed a on all subscriptions obtainedby have nothing tOdo, with him, will not that he has felt warranted in calling Jose scale was r ainst the

:, them. Write for terms. even go to the reservation. Among public attention to the results and has session when Pro ntll H

-_ To every subscriber, new or old, remitting other items, a'woman is employed to furnished the fungus to horticulturistsand per, giving his exp .r

'. us $3.00, we will send the paper one teach an Indian school, but .has"no growers in other portions of the with the scale hi' '

.' year and a, copy of ,Rolfs' Vegetable scholars except a few white children, country. The .San Jose scale has perience! showed th) _
Growing In the South for Northern draws $ from the Government to be the of most difficul e
For,two new sub yet Scio a year proven greatest enemy \enemy
Markets post-paid. '
:f for the peach'growers of the whole coun. his conclnsionwHs t
scribers at &00 'each, we will "send, so doing.
, -i- d 1, a, ,copy !of. ,Moore's "Orange I try from California to Georgia, and if means of eradi

J? !'-*::r'.t Oult nie.," Florida's Increase in Population.A Prof. Rolfs has discovered its true the affected tre ";
<. < he will have rendereda Plants in nurserieS
a* '" Bates of advertising on application. 'statement has been extensively counteractant, _

Remittances should be made b1 check, circulated lately, even in some of our. blessing mankind.. The fungusas fully disinfected bj -
note order or"registered described by Prof. Rolfs preys upon anic gas, he said/
s 0' ; postal money metropolitan journals which should be
t-F:," letter to order of \ more accurate, that Florida's population the scale and destroys it. proved successful'

-"; :.,.. '" adBxas :axn alsvrr OBOWXB, increased 300 cent from On account of the importance of cept to the extent]
i, 'JaCksonville. Fla. per the and the the of the
subject great difficulty ravages
1870 to 1890 when "the Great West
which has been met with in combat- ted legislation bof
> ,
at the same time only increased
J..:: : 40 the scale other scientists for the
f-..' "" .' CONTENTS.How cent. ing presentwere to provide -
per. inclined to look Prof. Rolfs' ies and orchard 1_
; :, : < to Get Rid of the Stumps; No More Hog Florida's population in 1870 Was with doubt. Prof. of diseas 4
.-\ Choler...,...,...........-..........-.. "'-..".5U 96,047 whites, !91,689 blacks; total, discovery some ment
Alwood of Virginia who has had wide for the treat
J -
GROvE 'of Summer 187,746. In 1890 it was;
; AND ORCHARD- Importance 224,949
in with the scale diseased -
,r .;" +,. :' Cultivation on High, Dry, Pine>> whites, 166,180 blacks; total, 391,129. experience dealing the or -
.......... said'that while the A of x='
:./ Land; Race-TTpes of Peaches. 51 5Protecting This is only about no cent increase fungus might prove vote
:;'V', ; ,i .- Fig Trees from Frost............. 516 insteadof, effective in Florida it might be of no Prof. Alwood an _=-
300. y
avail in other latitudes where climatic excellent .
.ToBACco-Cuban: Expetta..s. 516 "The Great"West" is an indefinite papers.
.... .'.... Minnesota conditions might be unfavorable to
:Tobacco inGadsden, County. ; .1. 517 term, but is certainlya THE LI
..', FARMER, ARID TRUCKKR-The Pan Garden- part of it, and this State increased the fungus. At the same time he expressed -
the that the :Mr. J. B. W
: =;T. }Protection from Ants; Strawberry Plants;. about cent, from 1870. to hope fungus ;
.: i. Growing ,Strawberry Runners..... .. s7 1890 Nebraska 300 per and Kansas much might prove to be the much sought Conte Pears" w
t::'. In Defenae of the Moles;; Selecting Seed-Corn ; for'remedy."The abuses that pre
for the SouthTo the Tires Tight. 518 more than that, etc. st'
r" ,' ; Keep most fruitful source of dis- the success an
."':,4J:''.;-,01"' APLUIV. -Bee, Hives' ................!......... S 18 We are further told, in the statement semination has been and will continueto paper negatived '

the.AIr.. .......... above referred to,- that Florida "
,. .. Life of Bees; Honey from 519- be the, nurseries, Prof. Alwood LeConte Pear aphasizedseveral"
.. : _,.',..-::.. POULTS.T-Geese. and" Geese;Raising .........519 has gained 25 per cent in populationsince said. "In the nurseries the scales

.,,. 1 ,' .,-.'..>..,''. STATKNBWS........,..................!..... 5* the freeze of two.years :ago. To crawl from, one plant to another and to make it a failu
verify these figures ,we should have to
/' OUR RURAL HOBCK-About: Cans and Can* are thus distributed far and wide proper care and
: .
have the State records in
Ding To Rid of Cockroaches Hints access to of
I ; Get ; the tcJIigent use
throughout country, ,not knowing
In ... Tallahassee but in view of the above
: \';, .' on Poisoners Solutions; F1yTlmes. 520 ly by the nurseryman, but unknowingly tionary measures
t jo. ,k,Y. 4.- The Toad,the Fa nier'i Friend;" Camphor,.,'Sat gross inaccuracies. we are very' sceptical The: scales are produced so the fruit'should -
: as to this one also.
' EDiTOBiAfc-Jobbery in the Everglades; :
; rapidly that efforts for their extermination cess. Among _
Florida's Increase in Population Geor- *
\ ;
v must ;be begun immediately on which he assign
''gia State Hottlcu1tural'Sodety, Meeting Georgia Horticultural Society; -
... '" ; x in Savannah; Fungus Enemy of,the 'SanS Meeting in Savannah.The discovery,if the orchard is to be saved. elements of fadurthe

o, Jose Scale................................; S22 The result( experiments for the .destruction pear, were
State Horticultural So-
Markets; Business Notices................. S'3 Georgia of the scale was given. A I area, shipping _
: : Strawberry Pointers for August; Among the ciety met in Savannah, August 4 and strong solution of fish, oil soap has market is congest --

.-t;! ,. .. :1"' Georgia Melon Growers...........<...... 54 5; President P. J. Berckmans the been found effective, but' does not the trees, an expe -

_.....,: State Items...................,.i.......... :...-_ 536 chair.- This, eminent horticulturistwas completely"eradicate the scale. Kerosene when fertilizers are
'... <. o What is Done at Fanner's Institutes... .f....528 re-elected to the office for the emulsion has been used, but and manner or shi
4. time in consecutive order.
t'" twenty-first houses and the troub -
will not kill the scale unless used very _

'..; ".: '. ;:-"- Weather In Jaokaonville. FAILURE OF THE GEORGIA PEACH CROP. strong, but there is danger to the ing good ones. :

I .'.'1'"i .,: Week Ending August 10, .1891., I "The Cause of Diseases in Plants" plant in ,this. Pure kerosene has been ?tlr! Wrights pa = -

J'fi a .. i was the subject of a very interesting used, but the results have not been erable discussion -

.... ."-'" :. B'. .d. x II. a g il:2i: : paper by Prof. S.,F. 'Earle of the Ala. determined. The best plan, Prof. ing somethint
\ 1.;.:"; DLTL 1O.q.. IO. ;- -= ... c\: bama experiment station. Prof. Earle, Alwood said, was to grub up the trees Conte and oth f31

:, ,-' :.,,.', Auj. 4 ....... -80 -82 -91 -73 18 82 ..6 among other things, 'attributed the and burn them.If Some upheld -
1f" s......,.. 79 'J6 93 16 16 84 .18 failure of the peach crop this year in it should be possible, Prof. Al ments regar
.. .......
6. 79 7g 95 74 21 84 .10
'_ "','< '.. ........ 75 78 91 73. 18 82 .16 Middle Georgia and Alabama to a wood said, that Prof. Rolfs' discoveryof pear when .. -
t ,' A* .vv. .. ... ?........ 72 79 87 70, I' ,8 18 fungus, commonly calledthe, rot or a fungus enemy !of the scale disease, others decla '
... ..... 78 78 20 83 .06 .
f.K 9.r 93 73
,.. y ......... he held should effective would make tions an un
.. \ .: 10 75 74 93 .74 19 8.4 .28 ground fungus, superinduced, prove it
r .,. ,. ''}} ., i - the moist and weather which his famous fruits The Sod
: : Ueao.......... 77 18 92 73 18 82 I.OS by foggy name as long as are
." v- ),'.>..> "..rTotAl. rainfall. prevailed during the budding season. grown, but' he was very much afraid samples, whl.i
o .. ".,', : T Trace., This point was discussed with interestby !that this would not be the case This to the railroad '
.. .,-l"'" ". '," A. J. MtTO TELL, Observer. I authorities present Professor 'scale attacks such a wide list ,of .trees, them passes. '

.v < Starnes of the Georgia experiment that.if. it once obtains a hold upon the .
4 ;: ,, ::!. '' It is well to remember the adage of station held that the failure of the forests of the country it will be with As an ill r.

: .\ .:: I/.;. 11 ''one year's'weding, makes nine years: Georgia crop was due to the excessive the fruit"growers. of the country as value the

r.. : weeding," which remember many rains during the flowering season, long as fruit is grown. A new scale, crop, when y _

..< ,:! 4 2.:;: : 'yean, ago in, one well-kept place in which washed the pollen from the known as the new peach scale, or Per- tablished at

':. .i;:.,: Kngknoy where I office, worked, was flowers. sian,scale, which is very dangerous to yams: were!
I; ; .;-' :painted; ,bold l 'letters and hung.I up Mr. 'Miller of Rome said that the peach and plum'trees, was described'the colonists \

... r. :J,>- < to a ;prominent position ,in'one of the peach crop in the Piedmont section of and methods of extermination, given. .Florida tobacjj =

. ;2. J i'<." ': ;:garden.buildings,; ,where' ,ev n'w.ork'- the.State had been good The season A gentleman from Irwin'county 1 that ten act -

. ,, l' ,. .. < .,. '.' teen' 9uld'ser it.daily.-W;'< M ''Ed..I. : was dry\ with"but: little rain when the submitted ,,a plum twig, which Prof. I them, in the e 5 -

,_J_'$"-'.": ward..., ..' *.... ', trees.;were. .in bloom. Alwood promptly: pronounced to be j tobacco crop,
i1"t: ; b' ;
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J :; .... ..-.. ;;' 'THH FLORIDA :PAEMEB AND FBVr1_ ROWBB. 523
: .... .0.\ ....; 'tflQT :. ,. ,.. -
c. --. .

t It *At. B aloxs=-Receipts for week have 'TI1 '" .

;ets.Uc been 149'carloads by tPenn; R. R, 4 carloads

I by Savannah'steamers and about
i ;*%* ': 47 cars by Old Dominion We have
-* j4 _:.juk:' 13 89'l. bad a moderate demand for strictly prime ,

.. the week sales have ranged
rest .PBOauc$ stock; during JAOxsoNvIi4LE:
,t mainly from $100 to 15Q, per: carload,
jd by Marx Bros/ with an occasional'lot ofextra large going The Oldest National Bank in the State.
s ge quotations/Extra choice higher: at the close heavy offeringsfrom
Tb ibore top.quotations,while poor .
tfr Virginia have weakened the mar-
.y ... ,;!,....;. .! ............i.oo ket, and prices are tending downward.Per ,
Pea ."'J'!..... i................I.OO car, 100.00 to 150.00; extra, per 100, ,yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity, .
.. .:I'. ...... ............3-00 15.00 to 18.00 small to medium '100, strength to meet legitimate demands. .
At .... ...z.J: .75 to 1.00 ; .We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms,
G p ............................... ...2.00 7.00 to 1400. ,, drafts on all parts of the world o- drawing our own
..... .'.....-... .
; .carrier .a.oo We invite a visit or correspondence looking toward badness relations, assuring you that '
i test] .:......'....* ,... favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention your
dried,.........i 10..>.bus..j.,..1.35 Business Notices. .
% brattd..v;! ....*i.:04 to .os JAMES M. SCHUMACHER R. C. COOLEY
N. .............. .... .07 to.08 REAL ESTATE DULEIl.-In cases where
xew ......-! .. ..;..i..bbl...........2.75 Floridians want to exchange their hold- President. Cashier.

.. .r...1..111..........."..t1i......bbl... .N..i1........fl..\3-00.iz ings Central for South property they in will the do North well to or applyto the i Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent. '

; f ..-STABLES-AND. I. POULTRY.. C 0.Robertson made its whose advertisementhas in
lately appearance our
.' ousted by pam &Robinson. this calling G.Cf Robertson Real Estate
-t., ;i-.J ( columns.. He has been years in -
w.Tarns._....bush .60 and has a wide clientage. Ntt
;Potatoes, ;.....' .......... .50 very .
[squash, ..*.;....bbl 1.50 SUMMEB CITRUS LIST.-The modest card :
e, H..i..._dos .15 to .25 of Reasoner Bros does not begin to do FIRE INSURANCE AND ',
._... '
..... "
Plottda'- 'none
r; '
ts.......,;..!.-='........ .bbl.r.ooto1.50 justice to their extensive list of citrus .... '
(too, ?_.........;..crate.... I.ooto IM trees for summer planting in South Flor- '. HOUSE RENTING ACENCY.
',Pepper,. ...t........-.... .....gintteueansM ida. It covers a solidly printed page

,) ,.............:.-.....'.....*........each crate..i.ootox.5 to .10 50is twothirds as large as a page of thisjournal. Hogan and Adams Street, Jacksonville Fla. { j
WI. ..., .310 .10 addition: to the old Florida > 9 ;
/......,...,per dose bunches .20 to.2S standards they have evidently ransackedthe '
i onions...(*.bunches .15 to .25 I Orient for the latest and less recent Do a general' Real Estate Business. Special At- 1
...._._....,....bushel .50 :
laired.. ..............-Jb '.25 varieties of this. moet prolific family. tention given to exchanging _
_.... 0 property. Very large .
......_ :;. .25 to 30 GUANO' TOBACCO. The Damaralahd ,
: ,_;_.-.-. .. ..-...- : .15 to.15 FOB -
.._._.......,. .12. to .25 guano, advertised by Wilson&Toomer in and some good speculations can be had 'now.
., .....per pound,gross ,.10 this issue, is having a good run among .
...:..f..M.f...!.............__. ....11..... .25 to .25.30 the tobacco, growers of South ,Florida. Money to LEND on Jacksonville Property Only.. -

..... ....perdoz bunches ,15 These gentlemen say of it:
; ,..:. ...,, ...,.....perdozIber ,20t0.25.75101,00 "Cuban tobacco growers, the most suc- Gt1 Timber Tracts and .
*,..-.: ........"....-crateIch cessful American groWers and all the ci- O,11&nge : .
bushel none '
age, Florida........per......,bbl 1.00 to 1.50 gar manufacturers universally say no fertilize r "
1,;: .........per dozen bunches none ]: makes as fine burning tobacco as a Phosphate. Properties.r
...*.... perbbl 3.00I
'.-....' ..i......: crate r.ooto 1.50 pure natural guano.
;..;.....'....i ..........bunch ..03 "We can sell you material (and/ftobw 'F' RMS. TELEPHONE; .18 : iI
OGe,,.... .i.pound section .10 co special' fertilizers\ ) same as other dealers .
toes.................barrel 2.00 to 2.25 offer and but '
... .,. ...:....crate 7S at a very.1ow, figure,
i. Of 00.00.
..,.,?..i;h""{... .,each '..5to.15ipes. knowing these materials will not makea SITURTIONS I SH URHD FOR STUDENTS.MASSEY'S
.'.,i. ...:.,....'.."....bbl. .2.25103.00 perfect miDg leaf, we ,have never .
.. ...qt ,,10 to 0.12
jms. I'u'' 1' them the tobacco and
corn ..t.t.. ......!........uoz .10 to.12 urged on grower
.. you should be wary of all. 'mixtures'- for ,
tobacco '
'" .
,f.New, York Market.. ; --
NBW YOBK, Aug71897., Secretary Gage tells,the people that the 'r ;
promised good times! are surely coming. .
3.;There'tias been an increase'in Ex-Senator, Hill claims that no adminis-

jipts of local pears.. .co sisting fat tration can prevent the coming oft good
[ of, the summer varieties,' The times. We are waiting somewhat impatiently -

ttfhis;a rule, are.I not very good,the gentlemen. If you would just .
jefiBtock being quite I small, and fix.the times .so that we may not be toogreatly Jacksonville' Fla. ; ,.
and the Jersevs generally more or embarassed by the suddenness or 0., ..'.r .o. ,

fprimev; lots I meet ,a fair de- overpowered by the greatness of the good Columbus, Ga'J' ;

"' _Clapp's.Ba tlett, Virginia,. per fortune in store for us.QUICK :

to 1.25Md.; and Del, per crate Birmingham, Ala., ;.
.11125; Jersey;per bbl., 2.50 to'S.50; .
'; Montgomery, Ala.

iver, per'bbl., 2.50 to 2.75 ; per keg, WORK
i:.tD. .37 ; ''Bell,'per bbl., 1.25 to 1.75 ; THE G EAT SCHOOLS OP THE .SOUTH.t.

moil kinds, per bbl., 1.25 .to. 1.50; In telling and paying for Fruits.and Vegetables .
fcr,.southern, per bbl, '2.00 to 2.50; snipped to us is our motto. WI;

into; southern. net- bbl. 1.50 to 3.75.soudy GIVE FIRST GOODS PLACE SENT BECAUSE US BY WE GROWERS NEVER Send for Catalogue, Address Nearest School. .
)rite had been quite plenty; a few BUY OU&SEX.VES. They are protectedby
'sales reached $3.00 per bbl..but our 40 years experience without defaulting -" .

was extreme and has not late ,and a financial dollar. stability Enquire which to our any standing bank or TENNESSEE' CENTENNIAL AT Do not be imposed upon, but be _

n' obtainable. Bell move very merchants having mercantile reports can
that ticket reads The
Southern Kieffer and .Le Conte try us-WB BEUEVE OUR sure your, by .
early in the week but Thursday's METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send NASHVILLE, MAY:; i TO .
your name for our quotations. Stencil and
made' 'some recovery and' the cards free tetters promptly answered. WESTERN AND ATLANTIC R.R., .
0808 i fairly firm; an occasional OCTOBER 31. .

'fancy .large and clean.Lean FRENCH & CO., 1 AND 1 HE NASHVILLE, CHATTANOOGA .
:placed. a.shade above our
it it 13 rare to find. anything 116 Warren. ., New York. The building and grounds of the AND ST. LOUIS R'Y,, "

'to exceed $2.5Q to 3.00'and ESTABLISHED 1855. Tennessee Centennial; in numbers and .
igc'considerablyl owcr.. Atlanta's between Atlanta and Nashville.. .
architectural }
The receipts of Southern Del beauty,surpass .

id, Niagara, 'grapes'.have been' and nearly:equal Chicago's. The exhibits ""'.

very poor quality and neglect Bradley Bu1,"Wd.. Ewjcnt B. RtdJUld.KSTABUSHX are all.ready, and are '''interest- For: sleeping car berths, or any information ,
atively low moren
at about 75c. to 1.00 per 1871. ing and instructive. The live stock about rates, hotel or board- .

higher. Real ,,fancy:stock REDFIELD A SON, display excels any exhibition of the ing house accommodations ,in NaSh.
T prices but few of the
very Merchants vile, call upon or write to .
Commission kind made.
i come under this grade. 'Very ever

gatpeiarriving and' poor -'AKD The Midway is great C.. E. HA IAN, .
to BelL Delaware,. N; 0:,
4 l Ib.,case}1.75 tot 00; com., Fruit Auctioneers The Western and Atlantic Railroad

;-t iaipwa .N/C-,'fancy1.50; to. and ,the, Nashville, Chattanooga and General Passenger Agt., Atlanta, Ga.
,175 to 1.00;..Owerohlte. N. -lit Ztoofc Afreet,Philadelphia, Pa.
1,00Moore's; : ; Early, 'N. C,. ..75impion We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables, St. Louis.Railway, 'run solid vestibule SPECIAL NOT cE.-The round trip

& Jves,.N. 0.-J6Qto)( ) either at'private sale(which !has heretofore bets trains with Pullman's' finest 'sleeping rates to Nashville 'are. cheaper than,

pion &'Ives, N.C., ialkfo baa- our custom)or,by the auction system (recently
from Atlanta to Nashville staying' at he e
..34k ,, added to out business)as you may desire. ,

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Strawberry Pointers for August and''form matted rows, has caused more' AMONG'THE" ,MELON, RAISERS- Of ',
discussion than a tariff bill. r >,'
The Strawberry Specialist a new pa- GEORGIA.
: # ,'publiahedlat' :Kittrell, N.: 0., of which I,
c ; I have ever found the stool Y8terifihe' I:
t the first issue has been received. We extract best; especially on good soil with a large How They Succeed In Raising+ Melons ',. a t -" '

k f; from it parts of an excellent edito- acreage. Indeed, its strongest opponents! ', Ranging ;From 40, to 60,80 'I

( rid article'on the abovo-,topic, 'so much pronounce it best,provided the runners
are always cut promptly., On good BOil! 'and Even 100 Pounds. I ,.
? of it as is applicable to North Florida, ..,.
Y nearly all varieties set plants too thick- ,
The watermelon of Southern
tr where early planting is,desirable:' far too dense matted crop
ly, forming a row .Georgia'has attained a degree of importance =
- Stir the soil of the fields after every to fruit well. To thin them properly or far surpassing that of any, other

a' ; packing rain. This by breaking, the a l large scale is impossible., To keep down single uct raised by the average far

t5 capillaries, ,the minute channels ty the weeds and grass which grow up in mer. The range of its successful and I
which the rain water sank into the sOliand the matted row and flourish in proportion profitable culture in Georgia is from lati'! Hostl

by which it will "rise again to pass to.the rich soil is exceedingly expensiveand tude 29} to 33, comprising the entire Shortest, Quickest, IUraROUT

off by evaporation, prevents the loss of a indeed quite impracticable with a southern part of the State. The soils

b vast quantity of water just at the time it large acreage. For tedious hand weeding peculiatly adapted to, and invariably : E.

is most needed. If any one doubts this ,will be necessary not only through chosen for the raising of this crop are BETWEEN

fact, he can easily convince himself, by the long 'summer but also during the : high, dry warm, sandy soils; fresh land,, FLORIDA POINTS AND TlfeE NOET1

;4 ., comparing the soil four ,inches beneath following 'spring".the time of fruiting or land that has been newly cleared; or THE
the surface of a field which was stirred The advice to. soil 'free from
plant on thin land, as for instance, an old field
and that which was not. weed and grass seed is good. But larch that has been lying fallow for some< Florida Central and Pains!

; While this stirring should not be toot soil is extremely rare unless it be too years. The land is laid off in rows ten
deep, it should not be too shallow. A poor to make a weed or anything 'else. feet apart, and bedded out deeply (eight
good deal that has been misleading has Matted rows Buffer vastly more from to twelve inches with a two-horse turn New York to Jacksonville
L been published on this question.A drouth than stool Berries ) New Florida Pennsylvania It. B. to W
plots. grownin low. In finishing off these wide beds, and ington Southern RailwaNorthern
working that is i too-deep and comes them are apt, from lack of sunshine, ,the water-furrow; : plowed out wide and }Columbia, Florida Cent

too. near the plants whose roots grow .to be pale deep. This water-furrow is then ,filled Air Line. all prin
would points in Florida.
somewhat shallow do no harm.
ADVANTAGES OF THE STOOL SYSTEM. the entire length of the row with stable
that Cincinnati to Harriman J|
Still a stirring was shallow
skim loose dirtThis On good soil more quarts can be raised manure; after which, a long sharp scooter ClnclnnatltAthevllle tion by Queen &;. Crc
.would leave a mere V acre (chisel point) is run and down this Harr Junction,to
would be too either to to ,the by the stool system. I say on up 1
slight keep & villa and Columbia by I
soil because such the stool water-furrow as deep as a good can
good on
p'lants ern Railway and Ft
down moisture or to shield the poll from
.it. This is
make vigorous growth and there is no pull subsoiling process keptup Jacksonville Central&;Pensns
the heat of the sun, loose, dry dirt being loss from overcrowding as is almost sure until the manure is thoroughly incorporated J bia to Jacksonville. __

; one of the best non-conductors of heat. to be the case in matted rows. Allowing with the soil, and the whole Cincinnati to Jackson) .
,Neither would there be enough loose ; surface Cincinnati Queen &; Crescent tof
for drouth and taking the seasons as they finely pulverized.Such
considerable and nooga. Southern B'yj
soil to any quantityof
come, I am sure that more saleable ber- work is usually done_ just after Florida}'ette,Florida Central ,
rain that fell,and much of what there w
Christmas thereafter Limited. sular to all importan
or as soon as possible -
ries can be raised on any soil by the
, was would probably be carried off \by stool system. The land is then laid off the other points. -
,chance washing rain. Kansas City, Fort
some way-in checks-ten feet apart a large :;
Berries on stool plants grow larger and ; Kansas City Memphis Kansif
The middles should be plowed with a
.x are easier to pick, while the plants Buffer handful or double handful of some good, andJackao'vllle }to Birmingham Southe)
about and half
cultivator running two a Fia
fertilizer-one to to Everette, Cent -
drouth complete guaranteed
less from during both the
growingand Thro' Line
l inches deep and at this season not nearer analyze not less than seven per cent. of Peninsular to all Fla. pel
than six inches of the plant. The foot- fruiting seasons. Louis to Jacksonvill
is then at each intersection
potash- applied
Stool plants can be cultivated cheaper Short Line toDuQJ
wide strip with the in the middle
I plants 18t.
well mixed with the soil and
matted light- Central to -
than rows, equal thoroughnessbeing Holly 8p'g Holly -
should be stirred with hoes to a depth of
used in both cases. At these 'intersections' the lloute. City, Memph
about one inch a little shallower near the '' I mingham to Birmingb
seed' is planted as early in the season
Where sloven and untimely culture is !
K'y to Everette and l .
plant and a little deeper ,further off,ifposaiblej 4
(earliness being quite an .important desideratum -
to be given the matted row is best. But Sioux City&; Chicago|
should remember that in this in melon growing) as there is 8O vlllr Ill. Cent. t]
This cultivation should be given just alert, hustling age, slovenliness is out of a chance for the seed to grow, the young Holly Bp'giBonte.. }Sp'gi K., 0. H. &; D. :\
after rain the soil in mingham.
as soon a as gets plants being covered during cold nights Sou. By to
date in everything.The the
ette and F. C. P.
condition to work. Every day, every
Successive plantings about a week apart,
mod recommended by Mr. Crawford -
LoulsTlle&Nash'iileiJunction. =
hour you lose you are aiding and abett- are made'to prevent a total loss, in case ,
in a paper republished in, this number New Orleans F. C. &;
.ing in the robbing of your.plants of their
is most excellent withfa, small acreage of killing frost. To }route with throughJacksonville &
precious moisture/ As the weather becomes sufficiently between New Orle:
and for a careul{ man like he But it soon as Jacksonville.--- :
WATCH THE RUNHEBS.' would hardly be practicable fin an warm for the plants to be considered -
; ; ex- The F. 0. &: P. has 700 miles of .t!
hill tended scale. The labor at command safe, they are thinned to either one Florida running through the ; =
Those who follow the stool or system of most i is unreliable in careful or two vines to a place, and as the fruit Tobacco lteaion t ...
growers (
mot use untiring yigilance duHng Stock Jfarming end Se
work like that and they have to cut.the forms the vines are nipped off,'until not Peach and
this month. Runners Strawberry'
l gI"owapace, espec- exceeding four to six melons are allowedto '
to the cloth.BEFLANTlXi and '
garment according Orange, Banana Pineapple ,
ially if there is much rain. If these are mature to the hill.* Cultivation con Phofphate Belt.

tcrbe put at all, it must be as ,soon as *. sists of running around as closely as posy ,. Hat the Silver Spring"

they appear, as they are a severe tax on Missing hills_should be replanted in ,, Bible first, time with the .scooter' then The Great Other C fine Scoter' *,- ==;

the vitality of the plant. If promptlycut July if the weather permits. By this after a week plow out the entire middle : Beaches' Hunting the Sated Piny'

I the plant is strengthened and a fruit time vigorous young plants should have : with a straight shovel, throwing a little Has the beat lands for tillage,great, _r =
bud formed in the place of every run formed and rooted And even in stool dirt towards the vines. ety of soils in the State and above all fM1_ .

nero fields a few plants should be allowed to After cultivation consists simply in Ru'ns over the 'Central Ridge
, labor-saving contrivances for cutting root especially for replanting. keeping down weeds and the Where It Is High and Healthy .
: : grass; !
' runners are useless and positive to plant in Prosperous towns fill its route and ItoL
Never attempt putout a
; ,. Planets Junior, cultivator does good tho best freight facilities for any produc-
injury. None of them can cut the run- summer in the ordinary way. That is work right hero. Care should be taken the Northern markets. i :R

ner close enough to the old plant without unless the summers are wetter and cooler not to disturb or move the vines; what- i Send'also for the best map of Florida(r

injuring it in root' or foliage. And unless than in several years past. Uses garden ever method of culture is followed, it free) and note the A.o.towns MAODONBLL on its route.,o.p;: s.

a runner'is cut so short as to leave trowel; or better still a transplanter, and must-at this stage of growth-bo in JacksonvilleThe ;

no joint on it, a plant will surely form at take: up and reset the plant with as largea advance of the extension of the vine. -

the Joint. As young plants thus formed clod of dirt adhering to it as practica-. Never use the same land for melons two Fla. Cent. & Pefiinsu!

rarely or never take root, they dangle to consecutive years. ,

the parent plant robbing. it of moisture ble.This may seem a little tediouS, but the Where stable manure is not ,obtainable Offers to ,Sblppeic n K

and sustenance during the whole season chances of success are ten times as greAtas the following'formula will give good
The Shortest &ni
till winter kills them with the rest of the in the ordinary way. Plants live better results:

foliage. ,As a plant may have half a doz- and grow off better. Much of the fall

.en, or even more of these parasites sap- planting in Florida is done in this way, 300 pounds nitrate of soda. :FLORIDA AND ATLP( _
ping its strength the destructiveness of a large fields being so planted. 750 cotton seed meal.

' ,system which tolerates,them is apparent.The FIELD BORDERS. 700 acid phoiphate percent. THE EAST AND =

only runner cutter that should Look well to the borders and selvages 250 muriate of potash. With Improved Ventilated L

ever be allowed in a strawberry field is a of. your fields, and to the ends of the The above formula will be found'to handle is the better Orange equipped and Vegetab than I ,

knife in a careful hand Boys and girls rows which the cultivator does not give good reSults, 'not only for melons Insure close connections and prom 8
make good ones if strictly looked after. to all Eastern and Western Market
reach well. See that no weeds or grass but for garden vegetables generally, analyzing -
But unless you have a large store of cutlery Through oars to deetinal
foothold in such to
get a places finally as it does, about six per cent.
: ,which you are anxious to get rid off overshadow and "draw" adjacent plantsto ammonia, five per cent available phosphoric out change or delay.Perishable ,
Bee that each boy and girl brings!(their -
death. 1 have seen magnificent fieldsof acid, and seven ,per cent. of pot- shippers advised time pawini
own knife. strawberries with both outside'rows ash, and costing in interior towns about tion points and arrival at des
& -a A five-cent knife will do. If occasion'ally and plants at the"end of row entirely ton. All claims for overcharges i
every $3Q per
: whetted a brick ''it will ly adjusted. f
on carry a. weeds.
destroyed by rampant G. H. TURNER.
suited for cutting Bee that goods
4 rough edge just runners -Southern R ralist. your ;t
.; .: ,best .Active( youngsters do this President McKinley said in his Philadelphia riaF.C.&P.BR. '

f work rapidly and'toe expense is slight address "Let us keep stout For information call on or

hearts and steady heads .The country is Pineapples are'to be protected by a tar Sersljraed, : : ,
TO : CUT. 0. B. TAYLOR Trav.A t,t
; not gomgbackward, but forward. Amer- iff of seven cents per cubic foot in barrels -; 7f.B.TUOKiBGen.A j Or u N

; '1 This has:indeed been along moot questiOD. scan energy has not been destroyed by and $7 per thousand in bulk; and '0.M.AOLDBN,Tray. ATgt, Y

\ s -, ; .Whether.';the, ,runner_ should be i i"JJ' the storms of? the past. .It ,will yetI oranges I about eighty cents a box. The Or W.N.R.S.JIIULLRlt Trav. A'r t't.Ta

.. cut and,;the.'atop!, system. followed, or triumph, throughvise, and" beneficent. Florida crop of the latter ,this year will PKNNINQTOJJaoksoni :

'< i Jhetherh! Y shpuld lowed" to grow:I'I egislation.: 4, be about quarter million boxes. W & PLEABANTS, Qeaml.
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'1 ;' /.." THE FLORIDA I'AMEfi AID' naT-GROwa. 525'y
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r, WINTER HAVEN NURSERIES tion he has now decided to give! away", 300,000 STRAWBERRY" ,
and Lady Th .. _.
a1Js/uk/y free copies ,of this :I ,
.. 50,000 vigorous Blasts. Indian River! UW""
.Offer ,their Fine Stock;>of- 'CITRUS TREES at Reduced- Prices. valuable book,,the recipient :'only.beno for pricesl.qH. ;Lawt me -

required to mail to the orld's PHENOMENAL .. S T'B A .;
Dispensary Medical Association of -.A thousand p \
Parson Brown, Ruby,Amory, Jafla Bloods, St. Michael,Jafla, "Wash. 'Navels, t wonderful Tandy;also Lady Tbom '.
Tardiff, Dancy, King Tangerines, Villa,Franca'Lemons. Buffalo; N. Y., of which company he proved Newnan. Write for price9. **
Strawberry Gardens, C. H. Ward,GeM
Triumph, Marsh Seedless, Thornless Silver Cluster Pomelos., president, twenty-one ((21)) one cent ager, Winter Park, Fla. v*i .
stamps, to cover cost of mailing only, f
At $25 per 100, f.'o. ,b. ; 10 per cent. off on 500 lots.J and the book will be sent postpaid THIRTY* eluding THOUSAND Seedling Grapefrnt NURSERY S ye ,

All trees are budded low on'rough lemon stocks about 1} inch diameter. Buds It[ is a veritable medical library, com- Also rives,Hart's. Budded and Grapefruit Valencia, Late, Dan,.

4 J to 6 feet high,first class in every respect and guaranteed true to name. plete in one volume. It contains Lemon"and a few Seedless Pineapple Grapefruit,*,

Addresg, RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven, Fla. i 1008 l large pages, and over 300 illus Brown's and Enterprise Seedless All bt
% .. Grapefruit stock S years old. Buds grows
trations, some of them in colors. The stakes. Trees very fine and sure to please,1
as to quality and price. Write us. BOW
Fret Edition is precisely the same as & STEPHENS, Lakeland Fla. .

IHELAKELANDNURSERIES1. that sold at $ except only that the CAYENNE, CHARLOTTE ROTH
T books are boupd; in large manila paper and G

covers, instead of cloth. It is not of- unsurpassed.Plants,for sale at Address Modelo ORLANDO uaht, .

WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES. ten that our readers have an opportu- ft FRUIT CO.,C. S. VanHouten, Orlando,,
MARSH POMELO (Seedless), JOPPA LATE, ORANGE (Seedless), TAHITI LIMB-(Seedless), nity to obtain a valuable book on such 6512. ,.

SATSUMA ORANGE (Seedless), EUREKA LEflON (Seedless). MOS 1 UITO PARALYZER does the W5
generous terms, and we predict that ? 25C., six for $i..oo Seminole
C. TV. JVOTRSH, PROPRieTOR. few will miss availing themselves of Daytona,Fla. 6-M

S .: <, '-ORANGE LEMON LIME AND POMELO TREES. the unusual and liberal offer to whichwe FOR SALE-Smooth Cayenne and At
: have called their attention. and Slips. St. Petersburg Pi,
Send for Descriptive Catalogue. LAKELAND, FLA. ..... pie Co., St. Petersburg, Fla. 6-f}:-

Mr. W. J. Pearce of Chicora reports plants from the genuine Vuelta Abajo sound.- Apply to-Very Miller &:quality Boucher larj,0'
4r that the big commission man seed,-of all ages, from those just coming ; Florida. 6-ii
z Mr. Schneider of New York,has been up to a few already large enoughto The Clyde Line' will put on a special You Should See

in that end the all be in the fields. There round trip rate, $32.00,ronfJacksonville r
of county buying set out are to New York, on account of the GA R. Those 3,000 two year King buds or
stocks. The most
the oranges he can get at $? a,box on some 150 to 200 beds, 3 feet wide by Encampment at Buffalo. This is very C.year W. FOX, 'Villa Lake profitableoran., Nurseries,

the trees. Several of ,the, growers 36 feet long, which means certainlyfrom cheap rate and should be taken advant- Park, Fla. -

hive'sold at that price, while, othersare two and a half to three million age of by all who desire to take a trip TREES and Budwood. Bil 'r
for better like North. Tickets at this low rate will be SATSUMA by MaiL $8.00 per thou. w:r
holding just some plants, or enough to supply plants'at
good to sail from Jacksonville on of Express. GLEN ST. MARY NURSERY
of our tobacco: men are doing.-: Bar- the rate of 20oooto. the acre for 150 the following ships and dates, viz:any PANY, Glen St.Mary, Fla. K=-

tow C.-I. acres.Bartow C.-I. Seminole, Sunday, August 15, 6 am. Fine Nursery Stock

Cherokee, Thursday Aug. 19, 9 a m.
Louis Bega; of Selma, Ala., is in We had a pleasant call at the Jour- Comanche, Sunday, Aug. 23,11 a m., For next 6Q days will sell Pine.Citrus Nj
Stock at discount. Send for
the city, the guest of Wm. Schmidt, nal office'1'hursday afternoon from and good to return on" any ship up to VILLA LAKE, NURSERIES, Fruit' pr
Mr. Bega'is the owner of the beautiful -I Mr. Holmes Erwin of ,Pomona, Fla., October 31sL.: *" "' Fla. _

l "Blue Lake Villa" grove, east -of the successiul grower of grapes and The public are assured that the"service 500,000 Pineapple Plants; from "f]
maker of wines. Mr. Erwin has of the Clyde Line is the finest in the to variety. All orders 1
repeatedly -
town having purchased it last ,
year. coastwise trade, and every care and atten- smangivencarefulattention. JAMES
:{ It is his intention to improve the grovein taken highest award. for his tion will be shown its patrons. Tenson, Indian River,Fla. 5-_,

every way and bring it into bearing wines at Jacksonville and l:Ocala expo The Department of Florida, Grand I Have Them.
sitions. He for time 1 largely in- Army of the have named the
; as soon as possible. Next summer was a Republic 40,000 fine Orange and Pomelo,Bud?, w nand
handsome house will be erected on terested in the manufacture of: unfer- Clyde Line as the official route for com 6 year stocks. I want to sell 20,0001 = '

the site and :Mr. Bega and, his five mented grape juice for.he"trade; but vited rades to and join friends them., and the public are in- 60 IRS, FruittllandoParkF1a.LLALAKE, Nf ?;

children will make their permanent says the article'adulterated By use'of Early application to F. M. Ironmonger,, PLANTS, Schnad
hotne here. The family now reside in salycilic acid instead of beings steril- Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, Jackson- ,Nunans, per 1,00, :.

r Ca1ifornia.-Eustis Lake Region. ized by heat, has driven the pure arti- ville, Fla., will secure choice- state.. 'room JULIUS SCHNADELBACH: Grand Bay,] rfY

cle'' out of the market, the unwhole accommodations.. IRRIGATED GROVE;t loo acres''10 yetrti

Under a new ruling of the Commis- some adulterated article being pro. i, For, sale at .a ;sacrifice.' 50 in other Address fruit treej"'P,

sioner of Agriculture the State ChemIst duced so much cheaper.-Halifax ffCENT- WORD COL UMN Palms, Lane-Park/Lake County Fla.
,.4-IG-3D. ', fI
will make analysis of fertilizers, Journal. RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, "
one week 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents Nothing Don't You "Forgel
'etc. free of when
charge samples are
I taken for less than 25 cents. ,
procured and sent him in accordancewith Among those who have engaged in Advertisements for this column MUST be pre To send for price list of all the leading -
tobacco culture at Fort :Meade are the paid. ties of Citrus Trees on 4,sand 6'year i
regulations governing the office. Discounts according to size of orders. C.
'Mr. Rawls the chemist will spend a Cuban Tobacco Growers' Company /CAMPHOR SEEDLINGS, 4 to INCHES,now FOX, Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park; ;
(of whom we will have more to \J ready to transplant. $5.00 per ico. T. K. 6-s-tf. }
large portion of his time on the road say Godbey,Waldo, Fla. 7-7-3.
in this article). 100 acres Evans and DO WANT SOME ABAKKA PLAt]
inspecting fertilizers ,that are sent out satisfactory in point of size thriftiness
to farmers. In counties where heavy Garter, 60 acres; A. B. Canter and Pineapple Plants.bbakas maturity Petersburg.? If Fla.X7E so.,write to,Cyrus W< Butler.,]

received for Brother, 30 acres; F. N. Varn, 3 acres; Queens Smooth Cayennes, of best
shipments are consumption J. Thompson 6 acres Geo. C. Craig Xuality; true to name. Grown in Orange \ ARE OFFERING CITRUS NU
he expects to make at least one ; ounty. Prices on application. Dickison & vv Trees at bottom prices. Choice,
month. Tallahasseean.The 6 acres; Wm. Sturgiss 2 acres; An- Tea Orlando, Orange Qo., Fla. 7-31 Deal varieties true to name, and
trip a -
I derson and 6 Chas. treatment. Write for prices, itatij
Holtgreen acres
BARGAIN wants. We can please you., Phcenl
Leesburg Commercial reporter Stanfield, 3 acres; H. Lumohr, 5 acres; Waldo.- Good fruit soil and,goqd vegetable buildings farm and close fences to rica,Braidenlown,Fla.. Established. ,'

:. went: down to see the Orlando piner E. M. Hayman, 2; J. R. Hodgson, i]; variety of fruits; GO barrels of pears this; FREE UDS-To introduce my

i ies and,wrote, in part, as follows:.Contrary H. H. Taplin, 2;.,Krause and Trick- strawberries; etc., thrifty Beautiful young orange location grove: on, tisinsr medium the value I will of this mail newspaper ten ((10)) ; TAB,

to our ideas, all the pineries we ett, 5; E. D. Dishong, 2; A. H. Ad- easy terms. Old age and poor health oblige sonable seeds to any one sendij r =G

saw were upon low. land, some of ams, 2; A. W. Grose, 4; H. Boyd, '2; Snyder sell or,trade.Waldo For Fla.particulars 7-31-3 apply? to stamps mailing,or Only silver one to lot cover to one cost add of] -1-'

which had formerly been the bed of apond H. Holland will plant 4 acres this fall K. Barrs, Seedsman,Jacksonville,, -: -
SEBD.-I am booking orders for
and we learned that the more and many others .too numerous tomention. CAMPHOR seed from my big trees, "true TT2MNEST: VUELTA ABAJO

moisture the plant received without .-Tampa Tribune. blue.Keuka,for Fla.September delivery Ed Rumley, Jf SEED for sale, specially impo -
,7:34 dollars a pound twenty-five cental
having water to ,stand any length of postpaid; should be planted at on
time upon the land the better it grew Although a very busy man, Dr. R. SMOOTH CAYENNE- crop. J. P.Cprrlgan,st.,Leo Fl<] TI f
V. Pierce of Buffalo N. Y. has
and thrived. The finest pinery we
found time in which to write a great ;
saw was. one consisting of, one .acre, book of thousand enti- SUCKERS.J. Therefore I will sell my large ;
over a pages and Pomelo trees at %
X in which there was so much mad that very lowpr.
tled, The People's ,CommonSense F. ALLEN, -' Pine Castle, Fla. and popular: varieties of'Orange
} :we had to pick our way to avoid bogging trees from 3 to 6 feet high. .Addre
: shoe Medical Adviser,' in Plain English, or lars W. K. Trimble,Braidentownl '
:\ over our tops.Having The Hart Pomelo.
Medicine Simplified. Few books
Specially recommended by the nomenclature FOR SALE Two Leon county f ":
V .4 heard of the remarkabler printed the English language ,have committee of the State Horticultural So- .. 390 acres. EiceUeat forj,

plant beds' belonging to .r. Willis reached great a sale as has this)fop- and.dety.Buds- $1.50 per hundred PHILLIPS,110.00 BEOS.per thous- tobacco PIs. growing._. iv.Z.HART'S ,:;.'..... '-3',u,,J

< '. 'Varn.we.: Went out.on Monday to 'see ular work, 680,000 copies having been, '7-24-15, 'Chnlu !a.Orange County.Fla. p fW

them and 'we found that truly there sold at $L5o each. The profits on :700,000 STJtA.WB1UlRYPLANTSnowroadr. and LATE Buds.AND Write PARSOJ for pr

.JI are millions.of, .lthem.,. There is..something this enormous ,sale having repaid itstcIr Lady Thompson plants,,namely Clouds: Improved Hofmans.Newnans.Rising 12311 W.JL MANN, M|
'o-,:% .-.1' ." ''0 for the great aniount o((labor Seedlings, Tennessee Markets and Tennessee TtTKITE' TO, W. O. TI '
Prolific. :.Orders filled promptly. Packing the IT ltkaFla.and learn .
ney expended on its,produc- best. .B.Poddy,Lawtey, Fla.f4rv. stock' to come either sex yon ...1-:'
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..i. 189 THE PtOEttA .mitt* AHD fttm-GROm 52t. .:v:.F'" r

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I [NTON, T. M., Savannah, ,Ga. ; :; Chgho .
ig 'Dates for July,.1897 : .. : $ ." -.. _; .sI # ,-

YORK. TO ,'SA V ANN H. _, & ::

Pier 34, North Blvcr-5. M _

.......'."ft.II It" .....II........ .......................... Friday, July! 0 J .
....................:..........,.. ........Saturday, July 3 /Q:
...;...............,. ............................Monday* July 5
"f'"....."...,.,...:............................... .....Tuesday, July 6
........?.....:...........................:......Wednesday, July .
4i.:.........;............................. .. .............Friday July b
...?....... ..;.......... :......._..............:.....Saturday.. July 10 .
.'.................... '; :"; ;,: .- Monday, July 13 ,
.. ... ........, ....::..;,............ ..... 0.. ....... .Tuesday July 13 I cc. :' ,
.....,..": ... .!;...:;':::...,.-.....,..................Wednesday, July 14 .ft t' /.
,; ..,... ,. ....!....._.:............................... ....Friday,July Itt J -' r .,
..... ...............;........!................ ..' ...Saturday, July 17 '." ,
'....:........... '....,...,,...........Monday July 19 .
................... .................., ......Tuesday, July 20v "'
..... ..........!.:... ......Wednesday, July. 21
.... '.!.... ...i......... ..........,." ..Friday,,July 23 SAFETY! COMFORT! QUICK TIMELO\V! \ RATES! :

itral /90. ,Meridian) Time-as below. Fine' Culilne and Service. No Iranijeri Between Jdck onille,and xet ;r';""., )

...............,..........'.........-...........Thursday, July 1, 609am The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers: :!
.v..saturday, July 3, 7 00 P m
....... .......:...... :.:.. .............. ......londay.July 5, 1000amf. M '. .
f. ..:........... ........................*.....,.Tuesday, July fS; 1030am.Wednesday "eolluche" ( I "Cherokee "Seiinole1
.:r:..........................:.:.............. 'July7.12noan (new), "Alg nquio, "Iropis, ; .
...,.... .........., ....!.......s.. ............Friday July, OOOpm ;
....)...... ..........!11. .... ... .t..' .Saturday, July 10,200pm '
.......<.... ...,...........................Monday, July 12,4 00pm ,. t
..............f. .........:.... .............Tuesday,July *u, 00 p m BOUND. / '
...i.- ...........- ,. .. ............... Wednesday, July 14 600 pm NORTH. + ,.? t
II.....'................l.:!................... ...,Friday, July 18, 600 p m .Blenders .J ., # {I
"'..................", ".............. ..Saturday July 17, 700pm ire appointed to sail according to the tide. _: ,
... .. ......... .. ....... .., i. < '
,:. ..- .e. : .V. Monday July 19,1000am "
:......!.......1'..'........'.,............:..... '.4.................Wednesday, July!1,1!00 noon Erom CHAilESTOI: S. C., .................. ......'...... ......... Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays i : ." '
.....................10.., ....,.............Friday, July 'tiel!00 noon '
For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers. _.. ..- ;:.
'" SOUTH BOU'N C. r ;! ; .

Pier 34 North Rlrer-3 00 P. M. I '..{, !

savage, leaves New,York on following dates : ,Steamers are appointed to I .Ufrom Pier i9, East River New York at 3 p.m., u follows: t,
uly y i. r.- Saturday Wednesday July'17.July 21.. ". ,. ForCHABLESTGI., .__........................._.........Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays "

19; Monday, July 26.' ; For AACKSOI11LLf,EtA., (c&1UugatCharlestou) .................Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays '," ,.;
Ii. Friday July 30. -" '- ,
dire freight only,not carrying passengers. < ,. ,, *

STON> TO NEW YORK. .... ::. {

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4. ...
Savage leaves Boston on following dates: ;r. : '
'< .
July 3. Monday, July 19."t.:,' _v .: Freight Only.Calling \t, ... >,' "
ay. July 7., Friday July 23. F
July 1 11. Wednesday July 28.ESTABLISHED.1875. .. .. } .
r, July 15. at Charleston, 3. C.,both ways.. ,, :/ ;: -- {
not <; .
die freight only carrying passengers. n.' ,

f eg*table and Fruit Growers is called to the fact that complete and Stemers "Delaware" and "Oneida." '.'" '} ,
41$ afforded'tor protection of perishable,freight..' ; .- -' "n: #I'
Arc appointed to sail as follows: .. "t'; xs :..:

from foot of Hogan Street, Jacksonrille, From Ijewis Wharf. Boston "
'J. B. BOUR8, FRIDAYS.. + FRIDAYS.CLYDE'S .,. "' '-Xfi. it.J',
'. ;." .' J.1i..;
A. BOURS &' CO. i }

ST. JOHNS ILINE: ; ; ,,;: :


in nSeeds and Fertilizers DE "GARY LINE. ."'".. .,'_ .;;:..; I

ackBonvllle, 7>alatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla.;and Intermediate -, ., .
r.:., ;
7 .T. JAO1g.011iVILhll e P x.. S S "
Landings on the St. Johns River. w",

; aid Most Sellable Seeds. A Oomple Stock'of The Elegant Iron8ide-Wheel8tnmer : ". '

flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal WELAKA.CAPT. 1 .;f.A\.'- ,
.-W. A. SHAW t ,.

eal, Both Bright and Dark. \," Is appointed to sail as follows: '-.1 I',',' .>';>, : ..:":, .1.

Lea Jacksonville.................................. ..........Tuesdays and'kturdaJl coop'm.
PURE GROUND BONE.N1JRATESQDA LaTe Sanford..,,..................!.............................Mondays. and Thursdays at.r 5 ooa.m., "' i',.' -,

.' -? "'* .1

r : General, Passenger and Ticket Office, 2O4 West Bay St., JaokaonvillaW. >. \ ,

H. WABBUBTON.'B. P..A., s Bowline Green, New.York. ,/ ..
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic)Manager Bow.iaK Greta, New York.
SULPHATE POTASH, F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Afe&t 904 West Bay St., JltboaYl e, Wi.
JOHN L. HOWARD; Sap rintesdent, foot Jlopua: Street, # kao5TWesl'Ia.THEO.O ., .
KAI EtQ. '. EGEB,. Traffic> Manager s Bowling Gieea,New York.WM. .
NIT, "
t"DI ., C. P. CLYDE & ,CO!,. :
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1J. '., 528, : .. ,. .' r't< !D' FlXRJDA. FA&M1R> -
:' ... ", .' ; AND ,.FEUIT-GROWER, s",1 fl. .
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*. : ESTABLISHED 187S.f. f 1 ...:.. .
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; ...., .. FERTILIZERS'Made 11

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'. F :.POTASH .
I I with perfect adaptability to the '
; .
., requirements and_perfect mechanical condition, in
'' strong; ba&dsome Bags which'don't rot.
PS* f r. : ijy.The cheapest brand for'1he quality in the "
.. ::IIarket. .())tto* .8 ed Meal, Wacco Stems, igricul'taral -

'- .. Chemicals Sulphur,etc.
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-'.; '.. ., :::":">i;. -..". .. :."a";. ; ",;. ,, $ -The old'reliable EUREKA has never been ==
"{' t. .. .,' ,0. wpoteded. It"death to the. Rust., ''
{ .... 4 ? ... Mite;Red Spider,and the
.. .. ..I .' ,II .fui 111I........'..".,
.." Pure l'; \
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{ : ,; What: Is! Dose at,Fan ers' Institutes. I creased in same ratio. We cultivate tel sary, and we can"not secure this without done is more a

;, 't, :A', *.We copy 'from.The Farmers' .Home make the soil finer, that more surface C111tlvation We 'need 'to draw/ one the ply<>f moistu .
,,r.d i :i. Weekly essay'by:.'E.\EE1iot.ont_ ; e may be,exposed to the:eort ding| effect Store of' moisture iri the 1mbsoll to:keep the destructio
'cultivation of the soil. :If the farmers of the air and the film of moisture tjial up IUp&ly in surface soil It Is by capil- usually consid
:m i .the south would organize these Institutes surrounds every particle"+ 1 ttistnre J.'brought tr tiou,:root it fa

.'." ; 0" ..0':. and discuss the problems Pertaining to 4. The pulverizing Or.*,fining soil increases 1 soil to '. : .. m.aub-U ''1:; O.1I the, ":r"
ti c 0( ;'; ,thek interest*,. it would 'be' greatly to the action ,oi the air Lathe soil. ; a 8. erettli IUTa1iO 11nu l 'Como rainthe pa : _=
_>5: a their advantage. which'with the ever present moisture I4 prevent the constant escape of moistura '"together thA ;
1:, The fallowing ia& "briM'summary: of liberating plant food ;and making it by evaporation. To\ prevent escape of and subsoil a
tf : ; ,, t' ,-. .the essay:'! u bl. SOIl molatnre.from surface ia a necessity. We face and
p': !':' s: 1. The destruction of weeds is only 5.;Plants get nourishment from soif in can do this by a mulch of leaves!!, straw, atop :this we :

4? ".. ;.:-. ':.,. one 'of the l Mon why: we cultivate, a soluble! form, and the amount they can etc., but the cheapest mulch is loose soon after th r
'; !( ..t :' .4}: .. should not be'consideaed .the chief get, depends on the extent,of their ram earthfllfloose I jjnough; jaoisture ;,ca"n' iz0 readily. f' =
i. : "' ', "' i.end..;Jethro.Tull,'two hundred years! ago; ification in the soiL not pass up by' cap n'&-hJ.-- Hence fregtient = Proinpt-:
.' : Understood' the :philosophy, of.' ccultiva4i ; ti., We cultivate to' facilitate ,the extension 'I surficef stirring mulches' ", ihe. ;:soil. taU'i is a
; '. '-'::. .tion, and was ahead of blS ,age. Tillage of roots, or increasing their feeding and conserves in isture. V t. i coil
(;i,-*1'1.. ,* ..",;f.:,, : if lure=--was his theory. .' range.> A fine soil ia ready for' 'full:'po 3i j 9., Air and moisture are the factors to
). ;- ""' ; session the roots as they find, everywhere imloclc fertility.. Both ;are !necessary at ;:-
:, : ,- ,, ::1 {: ::2.Cnltivatiori ,unlocks, .fertility. Aeawse by ,
..; ..,. .f" ,..:'-.. F",' \ -', soil'does" :not TeUin, moisture so .the needed moisture,. and no opeci! the) 'aune time. If the soil ia water-lOR' San

.'-'.", '. .. ,,. ;....!\ti.A \ '. :rWel.alaer"on' :t'A'oonaHrdegree:: ,of .coarse places,where they..woiild-'peneh.: ed or fully saturated/air;ia shut out, tnt fruitjrosates
> :J. .:' :; We cultivate 'to make the/soil 01' right the land 1 becomes sodden, and 'thesuffer ..rood
"'F-. 4+ ,,,,:" .,,aaefetefe> ia promote action, :
. 'J- ', : "of the too fr nif.oo' xaoctf )ooiet l ', ti4 .100
, f". ;'z.:: 'which diaeolvM rockv. pariacles, contalnisg texture for ready feeding .
': .:;. \,.-ti.' ; -f ,pbo harioac1aand,potash,-' both' bat ae the: iltivatea' jw ', !;'lOil'! ,gaa1: little air.' Jlence we get.: rid of this f ali-: y

.:r.'l". : : :of.* e tie inert ted' unavailable uatil beeonietoi dry aid not get# moistar cedeiye.'iUresh;, (rt ged: air", bjr, -
";-"-"":..",- ; ,.1 '_ ore,and atmoepherioVactiea;; :: din= from the subsoil/bases:we need "to hav drainage and stirring the soil--atirrfflf: .fi'so'
., ,j..7. '.. ot' }..-" ':or'oxidize, the rocky i ptucgcta,: ., the soil fine. as'deep's.}:we;plowr to" AS to leave'it ooftree>,> leta water ecbrevaporftticn'aoiJ irhO
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-- -<;(:", ... .'. ."''t ... 'IJ ;:I'. ..-..IIUII ns, IllUv they"meet regnUr;sepply-of tmoidt ;: preyente water
-- iatatre; which ii fee eBMBtfci to wtebHity of,th. fromcocoiD tle tuie funW; .
;with.. pUntfood., y Uth ioOlt dry+ .and oo- r-ej afierttbM, .I'H1i;' rid 'of the ,u-1

Fln roots j eriik becaoae they can'.;not\g tfood. iy peaan :'

eared ."-' .,. ..,,,., -' > -1 .r" cultivate .;ii
een. the culti-- tad regaiate
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