Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
February 13, 1897
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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; ,,'.*' .enectitor., ,'" JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA' FEBRUARY 13, I$gr. Whole NO. uca V5. lX.SERIES.No. 7. ...
:",. ..KCitM.W.DaCabBwiaeesManager_ _, ._ __u_ ., ..:..
: 4 :'; > The _Largest 'Fruit Growers FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA .

: the Best Varieties and theo'o z-
Know Plums (over 30 varieties Wickson, Red June, Hale White Kelney,18 new .
kinds). Peaches,(Sneed.Triumph,Suber over 70 varieties). Pears, Kaki Nuts, -
r'y BEST TREES TOWe PLA1KF4 Grapes,Oranges, Lemons, Pomelos, Kumquats,Roses,etc. .., ;; ..

k r, v cES ""..'. shipped- more peaches from. our own orchards this flyer 300 Varieties of Fruits and 'Ornamentals. '\- ;
season than all other growers in this section combined
: and made big MONEY,at it.' ,

l :;Bbl trees From flURSERMENWP Satsuma on Trifoliata -Hardy Orange on Hardy Stoc'K..

r A handsome,65-page Catalogue for ISOft-W,with over 50 engravings. Gives
>> ARK FRUIT GROWERS\ adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions recent exper
ience in orchard and market with varieties new and old with full cultural In-

: Everything for' the 'So th. formation. This > "
: -

Y PiaeMc Hum, Pear, Persimmon,. Citrus, Fruits, Grapes. ,

F Nuts Ornamentals Roses Etc. Etc. Etc. Investigationjiuto! the Requirements of Florida Orchards. .
;. {1 5' YPW i c I{ Experience and Experimentingjn Growing Florida Fruits.
890 'Tarletles A: iMILtlO and a half trees.- Over 300 acres. : I 1 ,
No BETTER stock to select from. None so LARGE. Extensivejpropagation: ofTrees for Florida Planting.

.-" Naw-Catalogue with over BO.Illustrations, 2B.lew .Photographic. Views, Free on
application. GLEN ST. MARY

; ., ,
,iflrHE.GRIFFIN.. : : { ;BR.OS. Inc. Macclenny G.L. TABER. President; -
r A. H.MANVILLE, Secretary.SEEDS .
:' "Successors to W...D. Grifllng., .Fla..Co : ..-...
.. -

-' '''"THC-(TWENTY-SECOND: 'YEAR' ; :. + JFSlT WILL GRam i fr? :

,;; "W. W. :HAWKSNS &, SONS ,

ti. ,"' Are offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of 1896-97. .
.', All of our Nursery Stock is Biz years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low -

:; *. ..".,and',from' Bearing eL ; For Best Seeds at Lowest Prices write for my List for 1897. :,
The Largest Stock in'the State and seed New .
; every Crop
.,'seleottons and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low. '
<< : .
Send Pe1.torDescrlpttve catalogue ..
.. toXV.. .,HA'TICI' ? ? M.SS ,SONS. I handle only the products Seed Growers of National Reputation, such as
Georgetown, Fla
't s +,ij..' ':''- ..r. Henderson, Landreth, Ely, etc.: _


ange ',. -. .
t>" ,
'; Offer*to the public this season the finest: Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experience
P "of;thirteen consecutive years* The:stock is large and includes the following widely ---........ .
e :known and thoroughly approved varieties! viz:'Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown, SATSUMA, TANGERINES, PARSON BROWN, ETC., ETC.: '
: '' Boose's and ,Jaffa Blood Seed-
Early Centennial ; Majorca Ruby ,Start's or Enterprise
,leesi;Pineapple,Homosassa;and Tangerine. Tardlff and King,Duncan and Marsh Seed-
+ *
BUDDING WOOD. + + ,1. .
M lees Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon ((matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superior 1 '
to,the:round),;: :Budwood at'all'times. Prices 'reasonable' Prompt attention to cor- Trifoliata Stock and'Three <
( Two Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.
-r tp H .'}',Address all communications and make all remittances payable to I .. '

WKlisraukee Florida CoDTJNEDIN I Camellias,, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc. :
; : Orange ., r
< The Best. of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices. ,;lr
FLA. i :
..;-: J : .,. -- SUMMIT NUItSI I I33 S. .

... S D. L. PIERSON, _

,, \ 9 R 23vr3D: 'PE'OANS** I )[Monticello, Fla.

From tfee'ctiolcest trees in Florida. Moneymaking Early Peaches. A full line of Pears andy
!.. .!" Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. <

.. r tA The _
Trifoletocks. one,'two and,three years old.. All stock:clean and healthy; Send. for inter- FRUITS .
wsing catalogue. ,
,,- I and
_, OLD RELIABLE: ARCADIA NURSERIES; We receive and Mil,in car load or smaller lot.,
.: ., "'._ .' ___ ,__ J.'G1RARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla' Trodncu of the GARDEN ORCHAHD,DAI- Most "
oo < ,HENHEBY and.PAHM. Market xopo rtL. lEt .
Reference,,etc;,free upon application. Addreas- Com pIefe .<,
.t No. ell Liberty Street. PITT8BUBQH. Penn'a. .
SOMERS, BROTHER & Co. slab( ,
g. \

& o. \ NO W 'READY FOR DELIVERY.: .M. lishment ,

4-:: l. "" tJ" .. Send for Annual Descriptive South. 0
:;-; '. newly issued and revised.
M..Crcf h'This. Season' Importation from Cuba. Packet. IS cents, halfi # ,2t contains everything Geo S. Hacker & Son .
I,' .. .. ounce,55 cents; ounce fi.oo;quarter pound,$3.oocffie pound,$10.00. needed by the Horticulturist ,
Manufacturers of
S and 'pIant.tovu.PLANTS
J1 /
r and TRJt S for ,
->"..,;; :., ,- Orchard, Window. Lawn BUILDING MATERIAL, .
.MftIIIII" TBv One,Year1 Growth in Florida from Imported Seed* .i or Greenhouse.. largest CHARLESTON S. C, '.
II1IVlIn'') ,|.Pi; Packet, 10.cents; balk ounce,. 30 cents: ;,ounce 50 cents; o collet ion to select from Purchase our makes,which we guarantee .
,qoarterpound,gi.So pound,$5.00.HiGv in the South.
; f. ; superior to any sold South,and thereby save ,

'!- : S HASTINGS ..- Ieutclegt1e" ,,Florida ,REASSIER BMTHESS oN1tCO;1'l.4. .'WIIBOW AID UICY OUM A.SPIWLTT.'ta1.
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4 "' r' ,.: ''' .' _.:Mr: ; "*'' _.- .;. -- -- r,5. '.-'pbr. .-'.- ,., ;" 1-" I.THE. FLORIDA, FABMEB, : 'AND' <,FSUn" "-" "EOWEB." __ .*.' ,,,,;: ", ,. ;. PfttTAxY...... .. .. .. .f3'. t',"j,,

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J, :' ;T;; : raWerrieso: n.l:ICbe :! 'Farmer. :Bananas.andEditor and< Trait-Grp .::s.: : j ': '.
,o _, .,..,:" ,-> ''lici1.: .i&T.,Strawberry Befrlgeittktors Will some readeJ z pTHE FARMER: NOW READY FOR FALL PLANTING. ,
arethO univertal favorite of Florida
: AND FRUIT GRdwEi iYe a remedy'for
._-:-', >:; f Trera, .;Perfected.after. years of.experlQlvo short roots-in bananas which allow the "We have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on ,sour .,:. ... _
f :. "'tItt&. I, R good.serrice for.good fruit. : and trifoliate stock 3 old budded low). All our stock
,-' ,1L- stalks, to: fall down when otherwise years nursery having.
'\,:;-: _,,', | RUBY&THOMAS, '
t thrifty:and fruitful. been banked last winter... Trees thrifty condition.
:' Starke
<, -1.; Florida. '
< 4' There is,a'general inquiry as,to how Following varieties guaranteed true to name: '"
FRENCH CRAB, to make figs grow;' There have been MEO. SWEET, SANFORD MED, PARSON BROWN,'
!r ,- 12,000, 'Apple ,Seeds'_ in one pound. claims of great success with them in JAFFA, JEIART'S LATE, ,NAVEL. .
The quality of,our seed being best and TANGERINE, HOMOSASSSA, SATSUlA.t
:"> Florida. They'have: been tried here in '
*' *. other,conditions favorable a big: sUPP\Y\ of and GRAPE FRUIT. "
'stocks may be bad for a few dollars. Send for pine and hammock land, but with no A few hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds jto 4 feet. Price,SO.and 75
1 !" full price list IMPORTED: and Native Fruit cents each. "
-Stocks and Seeds, Manetti .hose and llaffla satisfactory results as far as is generally -
.. ', *. for budding and grafting. known. BIJDWOOP.' .
> !f- THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS, Our here with water Can furnish Budwood of aU the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices will be reducedin
protection "
Box P. Germantown, Pennsylvania. October on some varieties. For full particulars,address ,
:: arc untouched& by the freeze of the .' HASTINGS & 'VYLI E, ,
last week in Visitors and
t1 January. Jriterlachen, Fla.
A 41'T'I' Lrur .
II .
11" settlers are more 'numerous than at .
." any time in twelve years past. .
:Manatee Fla. BUDDED TREES
Y1 15,000' ,
R ---w P. ,S.-I .presume ,all who read and

F STRONG ENDORSEMENT"In remember the controversy with our All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon

.. the spring of'881 put'up'600 rods., lhavenever east ,coast friends, know that I only] roots, grown .on high, loose, scrub :liickory,and spruce ridge land. '
.had to repair it from that day to this. In'90 I put up combatted their,claim of superiority for Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropical : .

about reason:300 why rods a'Pagefence, with equally good will not results.stand There 20 years is, no their section over ours. What a commentary and semitropical fruit and ornamental, trees and flowering .plants. I ,

without.any' expense for repairs.,WHL" WI.SHEPARD. do we see now upon that Catalogue on application. ,
Honeoye Falls;N. Y.(In letter Jan 18, '97) to, claim in the dependence of the east

"PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich. coast hotels upon us for oranges, as it JOHN B. .BEACH, Indian River Nurseries,
.- is well known they are sending here .
1 for'oranges at this time But as long (Established 1886.) as they do not renew the old claim all WEST PALM BEACH, FLA. # .

./ d s will be quiet on the Gulf Coast. ,
i W. E. D. ,
4...... '0.-_<': ARCHIBALD I
Oranges r "
For the Eye, of Housewives. President. Vice President..
''-n / :". Good, housewives, there is no needto Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
esorts wasted spoonful of sweet food if I CAPITAL $100,000.

you have:'a few chickens on the place.A '

_ nvestrrientsDevelopments':' ;.:. pig adjunct'is considered of good by housekeeping.many.a necessary .,, THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK, '

Chickens are a much greater orna. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
LAttractiohs :,: ment than a hog, and,we petition that t;espeetf ally solicits you Deposits,Collections and General

.;> -,>. you try feeding the "scraps" to the Banking Business. .
Address, C former for a,time, keeping account of -

:. G. D. ACKERLY, the returns, and you will be surprisedat Depositors offered every facility: which their balances -
CCNCRAL PASSU4CEA."CENT. ," the profit you derive from the"bid
and warrant. '
THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, dies." No potato peelings, squash business responsibility ,

"A. kSONVILLt. FLORIDA. rinds, spoonful of vegetables, bone, SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT FROM $5.00

-=- gristle, fat, grease left from frying po. PER YEAR, UP. 1
tatoes or mush, no water in which potatoes -

or ham has been boiled, in fact DIRECTORS.John S
not a thimbleful need be wasted. L. Marvin, Church Anderson Chas. Marvin,
H. T. Baya W. M. Davidson, Judge R. B. Archibald'Dr. ,
Cook all you have, little or much, H. Robinson. '

season with salt and mix with bran -..
There htU never been a time when growers
should guard against failure with more and ship stuff' for chickens' breakfast.
care.ferry'There Seed were has never mora essential.been a time They when are They are the magicians that can and Whitney Hbuck, general eastern height of IS feet or rnorejbut; they failedto
,always the best. For ule by leading
of he California Fruit Trans- fruit show blossom. We
agent or even
dealers eyerywhere. Insist on baring them. will transform these waste bits into
...: FERRY'S' 'SEED ANNUAL, something that is of use to you. ''Take portation company, has returned from don't know why. Perhaps" Mrs. :Millsof
Manatee and other points in South St. Thomas :Mr. Normand of
L ... it fall of information for gardeners and this little trouble for them, and ,next or ,
\, planters.. There will never be a better time week can serve the fruits of Florida, where. he has been looking Marksville, can tell us.-Pabor Lake
t ban now to send forthe1897edition.Free. you your .
D. M. Ferry A Co.,DetroIt Mich. labor for breakfast,soft-boiled or fried. : after trade He has sent five of his Pineapple.

-Reliable Poultry Journal.A cars north during the past few days, .. -,
loaded with cauliflower and tomatoes
E .- : EDJ. Boston house writes to the Starke from that district, and feels confidentthat The Wildwood, Tobacco Growers'

:Telegraph: "Now, we shall deem it-a the cold will not decrease busi-- Association has been formed, with

w great favor if you will publish this state- ness in any way. In a few days celery :Editor S. A. Murden as secretary, and

mentjor us: We received,'on the'226 will commence to move from therein ',18 / acres are already' pledged.
:riPiiimi instant, from, Mr. James L. Miller, of large quantities.-Gainesville Sun. Wildwood Gazette.

Galloway, Fla., a refrigerator (r. &T.) Mr. ,Stetson's wide- "Ii.....r_ :
-_ z STYLES. containing thirty-one quarts sixteen of From the columns l of the
BEST and CHEAPEST.. 5 awake manager, was out with a crew ; _Sugar
1:I Catalogue and M\\ treatise on"ronring fruit" ;sand : which were his,and we sold them readily of men all night Thursday holding Planters' Journal is learned that J..
i vegetable crops mailed free. Address e 'at. $i per quart., This.wa's an actual themselves in readiness to touch off? D. Cline of Orange, Texas, placed ten
;. S WM. QUINCY f sale made The Boston
.: JliiiininiunHniiuntuiirni fininuinnui3iiitnnnniitmi.' a the resin which had been placed in pounds of tobacco stems around(; each
4f., market is taking early berries this cans around the trees in case 'of cold of-his peach ,trees and.the result, ac

; ,; ", =.- We are reliably informed that :Mr.. winter at better prices than usual. severe enough to injure same. We cording to that gentleman, was sure

: :f.: J. A. :'Dalton sold his half interest in :Mr. W. W. Russell, manager ofthe are thankful to say that precaution was prising. He states that ,the "fruit .

,'::.' an eight acre tomato crop for the round Cincinnatus farms, near Sebastian, ; all that was necessary. Old Boreas next season, i 1896, was large and highly

_sum of$800, just as they the returned to Ormond last 'Saturdayfrom will have to work very lively and cau- colored. From, this, experimej

-0,. field. When. you stop to think of the the north,' where he has been tiously to, get.ahead of Mr. Winter.De .- am satisfied that tobacco ,ste|
--- -: ',short time. it takes to make a crop of for the past two months buying dredge Land Record. just the thing to 'secure a fin'Ten

: "" -" ..: tomatoes. and sell them in the field for ing machinery, Work ,on reclaimingthe pounds per tree is less tl
.... "- '$200 an. ,acre, will\! you please tell us 115,000 acres known .as the Cin We were not successful with our pounds per ,acre, and the Y

,' -', '-t- where you.can go'to beat It-BaftowV cinnatus farms will soon be resumed. cassabanana seeds this season;. they bacco stems is about $15is

"'If'.' .! .." .l.".,""".',""',: C., '.I,..''- Indian River Advocate grew. all right, :vines. ru ni, g ,.up-to_ worthy of being. thorpugl,
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WER .2 PER ;' 1 t, )


; ,. TYELOR1DA. .; ( FARMER ,FRUIT.,- YEAR; -..' .
J4t&OY- ". i/" .' .._ .... ,.. ;
; The other day a Northern lady in when the warm sunshine gave a that such fertilizers when. applied even : "t ,,
.:: .Cocoa worked a long time to pull downan thorough test. It seems that the, ice as late as February 'i, with rams'soon .' :

-' ..,.'.- .". .,..,.,';';'; orange with a garden rake, becauseshe in some way protects,the tree in placeof following, produced an increase of ,' .

.;.: ). ,Tbe'hbire of'Orange Culture wanted to ,"pick ,an ,orange with killing it.. The thermometer stoodat bloom over neighboring trees that had ..
her own hands." This sort of sentiment twenty-five when the spraying was received a less amount of the same,

: Slowly I but surely, except in Florida, ,if nothing else, would insure the going on.-Eustis Lake Region. fertilizer at the same time. In one '
. orange"culture like the of %.
star. empire, perpetuity of orange culture. The interminable" > t case the bloom appeared one month .
;'f < :westward;- takes its way. If Cuba generations of invalids? and Defense of the Pecan. after the fertilizer was applied, and in

.7 : ,shall l ,win independence,- which it sexagenarians will nourish the trees Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: all three groves there was a surprising

r' 'I, jrobably,will in time will, the raise ugly,its specter because, there is magic in it, and in In your issue of the 23d inst. in an correspondence between the amountof
'. otDegro equality ,
; "0 the end, money.' If the groves change article headed" What Fruits to Plant"Mr fertilizer'applied to the individualtrees
and Cuba'will have taken
{ = civilization and a hands a half-dozen times, the last-coming Chesebro is especially severe on .and the amount, ( bloom upon
G ,: step ., ',Great Britain will probably relay of persevering cultivators will the pecan, because he has ,a pecan I the same trees. When it came to'
iT' ; '
get the money, and those that came tree "over twenty years old that has picking the fruit, the results were so
> her
' retain on. Jamaica
. Always 0l grasp before will get the the health and "callit not borne over one dollar's worth of evident as to merit the details.
,. like that of the old
bUt..b r. ,policy
..... she her do.Ii square.11Orange nuts since it was planted." Per contra On January 20, 100 young tangerine .;
..:: 'Roman empire;. imposes ..
/mimon ,on her colonies with i I have not a pecan tree over twenty trees received from seven to ten

''..:' severity but humors the unspar tribes. Trees Sheeted With Ice years old that fails to bear a bar 'pounds of Simon Pure No. i, per
:(- :Jamaicais being. systematically Africanized Luther Story, a Eustis boy, who"is rel each season, 'or from zoo to,.125 tree, excepting thee trees, that were .

from top to bottom, teaching school at Emporia, Volusia pounds, for which I realize. from fifteen given, 20, 15 and 12 pounds .each. .

The industry in the .West County, in writing to his father, givesan cents to seventy.five cents per The tree receiving: 20 pounds of fertilizer -

sugar account of a.remarkable.experiment pound according to size. have also yielded four boxes of tangerines ._
is killed the' beetsugar
Indies, being by
.:' of of Nebraska made by a Volusia County man to many under twenty years old that the trees receiving 15 and 12 I

and California.Europe, The Utah keep his orange trees from freezing. bring in more than one dollar per pounds, yielded 2/ and 2 boxes respectively .

orange industry tree, ,and some trees over fifty years ,- while the remaining 97 '
This was nothing more or less than
will..likewise ,suffer from ,the competition
old that bear from 300 to 700 poundsper trees yielded an average of' less than
'. of the Mediterranean lands, spraying the trees during freezing
tree, all going to that my one-half box tree.
weather and thus giving them a com- per r
.);Florida and the Pacific Coast -Bananas .
suitable the
trees are in a locality: to In a seedling of trees in
:and pineapples will continue to be plete coating of ice. grove 400 ?'
whilst his-tree not .
'produced there, but' semi-barbarians Mr. Story's letter would intimate pecan : poor condition, the trees were given
; be in suitable location
The pecan must a
each of Forrester's
10 pounds
.nave not the patience to rear orange that the experiment was successful, else it will not do well, and, if orange
.trees.. The 'black' population of the and the Lake Region would be glad blame with tree excepting three trees
the should rest
so planted,
,West"Indies is, increasing, the white to'have further information i in regardto and the Give that got 20 pounds each. Those .,
the not tree.
,population in.most, of the islands is the unusual mode of procedure. location and three trees yielded 3 boxes of fruit, -
the pecan a proper one- while the remaining trees
397 produced
and will decrease. Mr.
decreasing Story :
On the hand look the says' his half the attention usually given to the less than one, half box all told.. .. .
other at \ "Mr. Felt. has tried wonderful and there is
orange, pear or peach, Again, a friend applied a doubleam"ount"
Pacific California
; Coast. publishedan experiment of throwing a spray upon nothing growing from mother earth his
to one ol trees about
agricultural map not long ago on his orange trees"to keep off the cold will clear to
yield more
,which the areas of successful orange weather. He started his spray Wednesday January IS, (fertilizing all of his grove "
And there is de
the. again no
at the time The "doubleamount"
same )
,culture! are indicated by green spots; night, and as fast as he' put ciduous_tree growings in America that
,- .. and these. occur i in. about twothirdsof the water on-it.froze, making the pret- the tree produced 371 oranges
Of will return more money to acre
while of his whole
the balance
; r the counties. Oroville is shipping tiest Arctic sight, and the .most won with bad treatment and neglect than grove -

.; .< oranges by the carload and that is 500 derful have. ever seen. At daybreakthe the produced about as much more.
l 4- miles of Los With he had his pecan. Of course these are extreme' cases
north: Angeles. next morning trees covered
' It has but one and a little that' have been made possible by
I,200, 00 trees\ in bearing and.I,800- with ice from the top, which was enemy may .
'ooo'not yet! bearing'California will by about seven feet, to the, ground, from care and forethought precludes the the condition of the trees while recov- '.

< the beginning of the next century be the center all round to the tips of the possibility of any material harm there- ering from the freeze, but are good
from. It. defies ice and snow and object lessons all the same. Neither
branches while
shipping nearly as many boxes as icicles hung from all
' smiles with delight at careful atten- do I suppose that it is wise to defer
:Florida did before the freeze. ANew parts-from very short to two and '
tion and each season produces nuts fertililizing until so late in the season .
: York' fruit paper .estimates the one-half feet long, and some as muchas ;
in size and flavor. It takes but in the results showed
improved one case
output -Mexico. last' fall at I,J 00 two inches in diameter.Mr. .
carloads. Felt said that it would not do to only two years in ten of rest to again that the amount of bloom was in-,
commence its bearing. It does not creased, by (fertilizing even as late as
In"a few years oranges will be produced stop in the middle :an experiment, "
absolutely require fertilizing thoughof February i. In this case rains followed
. in such abundance on the so he ran, the spray until about 8:30:
.Pacific Coast' tljat the cost of transpor. o'clock, by that time having almost course it is benefited thereby. So the application of fertilizer.- ,-

*tatibh\ 'Will not ,leave as much profit solid statues of ice into which we why cry down a tree so .just and true Cyrus W. Butler in Florida Agricul*.;.

"; :/ as)now;'!many will be forced out of the could look and see the green orange to its owner, and which lives for years in- turist. e4-* *"

ff business, and the soil,no longer of virgin tree seemingly in all its glory and and years, producing a regular little Protection for the Citrus.At .
with little work attention
come so so
fertility will perfection with tender November
l'ielddeter.oratedruit.! ,
; ,')' and so little loss of time? of the Lake
a recent meeting
-Therowerswill then have to buy both growth on buds put in in September,
i fertilizer and water, while Florida.will now measuring three or four feet in It is true that it takes time to bring County Horticultural Society, as rep .

"buy'only'fertilizer. The soils on the length. this tree into bearing large quantities of ported in the Eusits Lake Region,: '

,Pacific'coast. have -lost fertility, those .All day Thursday those mountainsof nuts, and any attempt to shorten this Professor J. Webber, of the United

of.Florida,cultivation have steadily ice firmly stood. You might ask time as allotted by nature, by any newfangled States Sub-tropical Laboratory said -

1 ,gained!because they began at the bottom me if I could'shake one of those trees notion of man, may mean that he had given considerable thought '" _

of the scale-could not be poorer. -not a bit.; It was.firmly fixed by humbug in the end. But by plantingthe to the subjectbut as he had not expect. ..
will nut where the tree is intended to ed to open the discussion had preparedno
Then it be that the nearness of icicles reaching to the ground."I .

'Florida,, to the markets will begin to told all the school children to go stand, or by transplanting the young synopsis and that his remarks .

:.have its'legitimate. in her favor seethe, sight, that likely they would tree, then with a little care and atten- would be somewhat rambling. He
:' tion the return will surely follow in stated that banking with earth is the
;and will Work"to" counterbalance what never, have such a chance again. Fri

ever'unfavorable_' conditions the blizzard ', day the scene :was:. yet beautiful and due season. ARTHUR BROWN. common method'of protection and is
11 Bagdad, Fla.Effects unquestionably the most effective. It is. .
.may create.' Even supposing that wonderful, attracting the'attention of ..... ,.
have add cost of the whole community and' of course understood that only the bud
.; -;tor.f:growers .to 1e. protection receiving
of Late Fertilizing.
; :' -,from frost or windbreaks to visitors frorn far and near. The .after and a small portion of the trunk can

:. ".. f yof fertilizer: they are still one count noon sun melted quite a lot of the ice. A question often ,asked by orange be saved by this means. This method

".\Califorma, .spends fully asef Saturday"noon when J visited the growers,' is, "How late can fertilizerbe can be relied upon to prevent injury

?;, per.acre to' secure this grove, 1 found the i ice had all ,drop- applied, and 'affect the amount of to buds even. in the most severe

.does Florida.., The time ped,'from the trees, but several of them bloom for the same year?" freezes. The most importantquestionis

come' when.our' groves had a peck or half bushel l under them, With a view of .definite informationupon whether Injury tq the trees is liableto ,

xted': with belts of pal- which.was'melting very fast. Then this point, I experimented upona result from leaving the' soil around

-phor, individual trees came the wonderful part of it. Those number of trees in different groves, the trunks for an extended period. '

'th .tcli, 'or'webbing, as very trees that.were frozen deepest in using chemical fertilizers, (Forrester's He gave personal observations of .

'- the ice did not, in many cases,. wilt and Simon Pure'No. i), and .found. many groves which were banked very
'LS .. SL

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\ :.:11' 1l:4( .A ., 1 r'I'.i Ttti',11LORmA ." ..- : =: RY"l9j';: :
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.:..M,.I-::ifk2",. ." ,
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: ::V i2T2.J5? r. ; : "'- -$:
.' **" J3t-;.; --PUSH, YOUR. ORANGg: T1 ]3J:. .S lAthen, Fertilizing for Fruit, use .. JI
.,;f 1"W>. ,. ,.: ,. '' by using .

:' -_. ': c .:, ', ', ,", "The Ideal Fertilizer." .. Ideal Fruit. and Vine. Manure* -. : .
,-".': ,. Price $27.00. ... PRICE $3O.OO PER TON. ., :- '" ,.
: '
> 0 '.
"..'':''' .<.. f: PerCent. : ". .
:.-:.:-';-':''.'-'.' r; ,;'. .s"Moisture..............*.....................-......:................. 10 to 13. -. ..' .5 -.-
'--Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of. Soda Blood ; GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. ,
._ ; :;:. "?-->,.:::.," H', andBone.................. ........ ... ............. 4)f) to 6X :- ; Ammonia ..........................-......J.............. .2td 4 f percent.> ,..
r Available Phos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone::::::: 4# to 5X $ Available Phosphoric Acid............_............... "6 to 8" -"
-;- ;. ; ,' Sulphate of Potash.... '._.....................................11 to 13 Insoluble Phosphoric 4cid............................. 1 to 3 ",. 0"
'', Equivalent to Actual Potash......,........................... 6 to 8 Sulphate of Potash................................. ...... 20 to 2t" .
_._ Magnesium Sulphate,.Lime,Calcium Sulphate,Organic Mat- .. .... .......... ... ...... ." ,,
Potash Actual K2. : .10 to 13: '
ter, etc........... .... ...................... .... .......65 to 70 Magnesium, Sulphate, Chloride.p. Calcium Sulphate, -. ._ _
,. : Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal Blood. etc.....:....... .... ......................u...... 55 to CO ," :r,:4.4 "
pone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of potas (No coloring matter used). Made exclusively from Sulphate of Ammonia, Nitrato of Soda 4..'t.,, ''. "
,Bone, Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate of Potash. ,:" .-
This is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitro. Blood 5 ... :. -

.'. gen coming from three, different ingredients is especially Manufactured by : i':...' :-.. .
valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to making
"VIJ4S0N: dL TOO fl R .. ,
quick growth.. The potash from sulphate of potash ,
The Fertilizer House of Florida,"
., .
Try it alongside of the more expensive :brands and be convinced. JKCKSONiZILLB, ,FL7. =t.ft

:We also have large supply of the Celebrated H. J_ Baker & Bro.'s, Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

,' Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. 'Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash,. Etc.


:-Write Us for Prices before Buying.

I,SON; & 'OOME>R BBRXrc/E3BR CO. Jacksonville.
Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton. .

4 -,

f'r'r r high- during two, and a half!, months of instances during the '94-95 'freezes. solved bone and by an operation in and later growing branches, in which

'last winter with no serious .results The'Clifford grove at Citra was citedas alligation you can determine the per- the disease was arrested by the approach -

other than the loss of an occasionalbud an illustration. Brush fires in some : centage of each which should enter of winter the fall before. Hereit

which might be expected. One instances are also known. to have re I into the mixture to make a correct remains dormant until the warm

:Eustis grower lost a large percentage suited beneficially. formula. -. weather of spring starts it into action

of his budsbut from what cause is not SCALE AND RUST.I again. The poisoned juice soon begins _:z
clear.aVood lice were abundant in Inquiries and Replies.THE to exude from the affected part :
wish would write me whichis
this case, but all of the injury could "PRINCE" PEAR. the best you or insecticide for the again, and the insects carry it on their

.. hardly be referred so these pests. spray feet to the tender floral organs, which
r Last week'we published a letter scale and red spider, and what will
of buds which also become,diseased and furnish
the soon
Apparently some
from :Mr. E. H. Hart, inquiring about prevent oranges from becoming'
and immature killed additional of infection until
were young were ,
this variety which had been men- W.
or russet. J.
,; by the pressure of, the earth. It is tioned in a Jacksonville as the rusty Arcadia Fla. they die. Whole trees are in this way
paper ,
t unsafe to bank buds unless sometimes prevented from
L probably bearing.
r finest in the State. The propagatorof The issue of January 23 containedan
the wood has matured. the disease does become
thoroughly Usually not
it was said'to be the late Major 0. excellent article on sprays or
claim have banked active until the
Some however
r to P. Rooks. We now have a letter washes for the scale and red spider, thoroughly warmer
the buds without of when and
youngest injury. days June, temperature
from a.neighbor of Major Rooks, Mr. also a sulphur solution for the rust
While wood lice occasionally cause moisture, are just right for its
C. W. Fox,,who writes, "The quince mite. It will pay you to preserve the propagation
injury, but few cases of serious dam pear is the Cincincis. The fruit was article for future reference. ; then it attacks the tender shoots

: age from this source had come under exhibited. the Ocala fair by Q. P. and we say, "The blight has struck
his notice. Decayed wood and trash MEXICAN' ORANGE WORM. our trees."
Rooks as a quince owing'"to its
them and should be pecu- H. L. of New Orleans sends The of it far
attracts kept out liar quincey fragrance. It is the only means fighting so
of( a grove. I induced usa clipping from the TimesDemocrat as we now know, is to cut out and
Wrapping with paper is but little to poorest set a good pear grown.but have, rooted of that city, respecting this burn all affected parts. When winter
protection, especially when the upper them out.COTTONSEED."- worm, and asks our opinion of it. comes, there are very few places In the

end is left open so air may escape. The subject is treated at length in the tree where the germs are alive-nature

.: This prevents circulation of air and FOR ORANGE GROVES.I issue of January 23, above referredto. having healed or kept back the disease

,allows radiation .and may be worse read with interest "A Practical from any advance beyond where the

than useless. The greatest benefit Plan" in rebuilding a grove in the KAINIT FOR ORANGE TREES. 1 tissues are dead. There are no live

last Fruit Grower. Have of subscribers germs in the,dead wood or bark. But
;.. from paper and moss hung in trees, you or any your
: etc., is probably protection from What I would like to know now is had any experience with kainit as it is safe and wise to cut back to clear

( the slim in the morning after the what the gentleman mentioned will do a fertilizer for orange trees in the in- sound wood, and moisten the top of

freeze with the budded grove this year. terior of the State?, what quan- the stump with carbolic acid, to prevent -

j The benefits derived from wind What kind of fertilizer he will use, ity per acre is best to use? I wouldbe any germs from remaining or

: ', .' .breaks, in the i894-95 freeze are in and at what ,time, and how he will glad to hear fronxyou on* the subject being left on it from the saw or knife.
cultivate. # The inner bark and
: wood are of a
instances marked. The
some quite
of Mr. Hart's at New What do you think of cottonseed W. L. THOMAS. brownish color where affected. It .is
case ,
: Smyrna, planted in small grove sections'with meal for: fertilizing groves.this year? Valdosta, Ga. well to cut below where there is any

.- strips of the original hammock about F. H. The best growers do not recom- sign of disease, to make sure of having

fifty feet wide left between the sections Ludlow, Vermont.We mend kainit for orange trees. The it all. Then burn all brush, although

'.r was cited as an instance of the benefit cannot answer for the gentleman chlorine which it contains is considered there can be no lurking contagion

p ; derived from wind breaks. It is im himself, as we have lost his address. detrimental to the flavor of the after the diseased branches are really
Cottonseed meal is a good applicationfor dead and
fruit. rof is dry.
: portant also to leave some of the forest Sulphate potash pre. .
orange trees, but, i in order to make erred. nl
;: '; trees particularly palmettoes, in a a complete fertilizer it should be sup- Dr. Hastings, of Huntington has,
the land. This )
':;:. grove when-clearing i i plemented with potash and phosphoricacid Pear Blight. two orange groves, and is now one of
be done with
.. .' can probably : success in some form. Even trees too At a meeting of the Pennsylvania the largest growers in this vicinity.His
in hammock land. An
< only heavy I
illustrative exhibited. young'to bear oughtnot to be fed too Association, Air. H.. E. VanDeman, i Huntington grove covers twenty

",,;:, photograph was much nitrogen;,it makes wood whichis formerly United States Pomologist, acres, and the Chace grove he

4 ".. ... A wind break of spruce or scrub apt to be winter killed. Cottonseed stated that; according to Mr. M. B. cently purchased contains twelve

..,:w;: pine at ,Daytona was also discussed meal contains according to the .analysis Waite of the same department, the in trees, and will be ,incr

c"-T:: '" and illustrated. The camphor tree which we have at hand-nitrogen most advanced information on the il/2 acres.-Florida Phil'

._:..:. .:;:: breaks was suggested as a*good tree for wind 8.14-per cent; phosphoric acid, 3,25; subject is that, by united effort, the Hon. Wm, Ryan, form:

: ': potash, 2.32. A good fertilizer for pear blight, apple and quince twig York Congressman, recenj

..}: c %- ', The protection of trees by burning young trees should,have, about':'-nitrogen blight,- which are all caused by the ed a six acre orange groi

''1*: resinin'pots placed between the trees 5, ,available phosphoric acid, 5, same germ, can be held in check to alarge Baker's grove. ;He w'
.$'f :; : was discussed and stated to have resulted potash '(actual), 7. Now take cottonseed degree. The source of infection : spend his it

<,,f;.;:\-",} .': in considerable benefit in some meal, sulphate of potash and dis- every spring lies in the more tender I Florida Philosopher.
s > -
'j a
... .
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1111: ,.;, s. j :, < .THB'.FLORIDA. PABMER AND PRUl'J.I.GBOWBB.t. .10,' .
:- '
'- '' .. --- s',

_. ,(>. 1 ;Jbbaccp.; of the plant,in the alternating hot sun- &TtfC1eketf determined by the nature of the soil ion i'

., : 'i' ,. shine and'rain of the Florida rainy season .FQ1ftne t poor thin soil about one thousand ";' /:;-

. .;i *(* *N- .-'" become ripe enough to pluck several pounds per acre would be about all it _

;; 'A.J'1OddaTobacco. :" -' Grower, ,-No.:2.PLOWING days, and even weeks, before the Tomato Culture\: could take care of, whereas on good : "
: ones. In,two days a leaf will Editor Partner and Fruit-Grower: stiff soil fifteen hundred '"
... .. }AND, PLANTING.. topmost pounds >uId.,
*, !- >-'!I.r ; The ,growing of tomatoes for market ,,;
ripen and pass from ,the best possible be none too much. Now as to the
Heretofore he has not usually plowed condition for into and for private use is of far -
wrapper purposes a quality of this fertilizer .
we must con-
r ':oyerfour inches deep for.t bacco, but condition! in which it is practically greater extent and importance than suit the requirements of the tomato

this year he will employ a-,subsoil plow worthless for, a-wrapper. Hence the many people imagine, when it is a plant. I should recommend a fertil- ,
f and get down as deep as ossib1e.- ,But well-known fact that of all the truck- u:
utmost that the planter can do who izer for this crop to analyse somewhat .
1 incultivating"the crop,he prefers shallow cuts off the entire stalk is to strike an er's crops the tomato' is one of his as under;about three per cent nitrogen,
the:shallower the better for
work; .I average; and where he has, perhaps, best stand-bys. We can readily see six per cent phosphoric acid, ana
9 .t tobacco is, a surface: feeder; Still"\it the importance of giving this, the
two or three leaves just right in the crop eight to ten per cent potash, and the
will endure drouth. with
almost equally. middle of the stalk,. ,he has,three or very best care and attention, and to source of the potash should be sulphate -
' ,,corn, if its roots ,are' not lacerated incultivating. Jour at the butt which-are about worth- the end that'a good crop may be had, if afc all possible. I have- been

less from over-ripeness, and three or we 'must take care to make everythingat experimenting for the last eight years'in

r' ;Jn'setting out the plants he employs four more at the top which are about the beginning as perfect possible, this tomato fertilization, and every '

.hand-labor or, sometimes, ,a hand worthless from immaturity. Every for the crop almost entirely, depends year I get, more and more convincedthat
'planter of somejdescription: such as is farmer has an analogous case in his upon the start the plants get. if we use plenty of potash and a

f:. T' 'used',in" planting:corn. In taking up corn crop. The best farmers aim to In our latitude here we are ready to reasonable quantity of phosphoric acid

'the:plants it is necessary ,to be very cut corn when,the leaves are "fired" set out the plants early in April (any In our fertilizers, we will have less

.careful l not to
succulent and tender. The plants average to the best practical advant- being caught with a slight frost). In tomato crop. Last year I used potash

should be watered sufficiently until they age. But the loss on an ,over-ripe or that case we must sow our seed in the excessively heavy on my crop and was

Become well ,established in the soil,after under-ripe leaf,of corn fodder is noth-, latter part of January; it should not free of the blight that causes such havoc -

that they will take care of them. ing compared to the loss on a fine, be any later in any case than the '14thof among our tomatoes every year. The

selves and do well enough without watering silken tobacco leaf which is destinedto February. To prepare 'a bed for rot is also reduced to a minimum

'provided the soil is-kept well ,be stretched ;and plied in a manner the seed, we must choose a locationof when-plenty of potash is used. The

enriched. The rows should be as wide which will severely test its toughness. a warm nature, having ,southern reason of 'this is easily seen by any

apart as with corn, in order to prevent SUCKERS. exposure. It is not.necessary to pro- one who takes the trouble to examine

( the singletree from wounding the plants vide any bottom heat, but on cold into the matter. The average run of '
tearing the'le ves'in cultivation,and As soon as the budls plucked nights the bed should be covered with fertilizers used on tomatoes containsmore
out the plant throws out suckers-at the
the plants potash or
bottom., It allowed retain
to one or
apart in the plants from getting chilled. In mak- phosphoric acid. The
row.WORMING. two of these, according to its'si e and consequenceis
this seed bed
ing a slight sprinklingof
a plant a succulent, soft nature,
strength, generally two, which come
cotton-seed meal should bemixed
he had litter of an easy prey to all diseases. A plant
One year a pure out on opposite sides. About the time
in ,the soil week
.rksbirep.igs: ,of which he made such the last leaves are plucked from the a before planting. In again that is fertilized with twice as
the it
seed should
'pets.'that the/would trot after him over main stalk, those on the suckers begin : sowing be sprinkledas much phosphoric acid as nitrogen,

the, field like a poodle. He trained to ripen and are ready for gathering. evenly as possible on the top of,the and half as much again of potash as of
soil and covered with coil the hand
them to .search, the ground for cut. Then' there comes out a second set of by phosphoric acid is a thrifty plant ableto "
instead of raking in ,the seed as is all diseases
worms. They would take a-row and suckers, and finally a third set, the combat and gives far
examine,every pl nt"in regular order, crop of leaves from each set over usually done. The distribution former plan in superior fruit bath in appearance and *

nuzzling around it ,and -finding the lapping the next, so that the plant is seed sures than a more even of the quality. Appearance goes a long way

worms quickly. But he would not advise kept active'all summer, and the harv-' by raking. When the seedis in selling tomatoes, but quality goes _
the farmer to use pigs for this purpose est of leaves continues for several covered about a quarter of an inch, still further, and plenty! of potash in
the bed should be well with
.unless he is as,fond of animals as months, there being four sets of leaves tramped I our fertilizers insures both The days '
the feet and left ,
as even as possible, I of work in this line '
himself, and has as fine and short from each plant. At no time does the hap-hazard are
,nosed a breed. Otherwise they would to prevent any water standing on the gone for ever, and the successful'
plant present a wholly plucked
ap- bed during a rain; this can; best be
has to know
greatly injure.the plantsby tearing.up pearance. There are always some with- grower got everything
the roots.Turkeys. leaves to screen it. The last leaves accomplished by wearing pertaining to his crop. This can best '
out heels on that occasion. By thebeginning
be done by consulting the analysis
are very effective against are-plucked only a short while before
of March the
young plants tables .'
of the constituent parts of the
and the bud the frost
the tobacco
worms -worms, comes. should be
ready to transplant to in consideration and then work
crop ,
them is that in
but the
objection to ,
GENERAL RESULTS. another bed for
expressly prepared
If he
accordingly. does this and at
picking off,the worms, they are almost By this intensive system of cultureMr. them. The soil of this second bed the same time studies thoroughly the .
,certain to puncture the leaf, which injures claims should be made rich with fertilizeras
Lindsley that he producesfrom !as nature of his soil he may reasonably
it for wrapper purpos He, '1,200'to, 1,500 pounds of tobacco the soil will be in which they are to i expect to be well repaid for his time
but Paris
therefore, employs nothing from this one acre. He is handicapped grow and make a, crop. This bed .and outlay in other ways. I would '
; green as a remedy against worms. Thisis in the sale of it, because there are should be laid off in squares about have liked to have said something on

,applied by means of a sprinkler, no other crops near at hand to ,attract I two inches each way and in every the further care of this very importantcrop
of fan
whichconsists: a' by a purchasers, so,that he is in a manner !check a young plant should be,set. A but space forbids just now.
crank. He finds this far preferable to compelled to manufacture it,into cigarsin small smooth piece of stick of the 0. K. :McQuARRiE

a.,bellows.sprinkler. The tube is small, order to find a market.. In this way size of a lead pencil should be used DeFimiak Springs Fla. ,

[and the'orifice can be so adjusted that he makes the...tobacco'net him about and a hole made in each of these -..., .

: !the poisonous powder is distributed in $1.25 a ,pound for the entire crop. checks, and a plant stuck in. A little Cassava.Bditor .

,an almost, thus economizing This makes a pretty good income from water dropped into, this hole after: the Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
itt and at the same time completely ; fMr. is inserted will be
one acre. plant to While I have never planted cassava .
covering the leaves with a thin Lindsley does not advise the cause'it to take root and grow. After by the acre, and perhaps never will, I
,film,of the poison. He,says that his novice to think of manufacturing cigars the plants are'well started and show think it is "a good thing to have

,.trained:helper,a negro, ,has,become from his tobacco, or even of at- ing signs of making good growth we around." It can be planted here and
skillful l. in the use of this duster- that tempting the processes'of curing it, must begin to prepare the ground for there around the stable, poultryhouseand
he will give five dollars to any.person until he has had several the If have land that had
years' ex-. crop. we a numerous other places where the }
who can,;,find" a punctured l leaf in his perience. crop of potatoes or some other root soil is rich and furnishes a good deal

tobacco patdu ..' crop last year, it will suit our purpose; of poultry feed, or cow or horse feed,

CUTTING. Wesley Blake, a colored man who if not, we have got to do the'''best we whichever is wanted most. It will grow

Fleycut, : up the l stalk. ,entire, ass the ago to live, ,has recently written'a let tomatoes after a cabbage crop. The early in the season, and grow where }.

'e<'"in l Gadsden ,county; but he ter to relatives in this city: in which_he ground should be well plowed and sweet potatoes, corn or any other crop

this'method,some years ago. says that he is doing,exceedingly well thoroughly worked in every way to could not be grown. I think it quitea y

-,that, .for':a-,'large crop, ,this and much.better than,was possible in render it smooth and put it in good pretty plant in late summer, or au-

'e.most: :expeditious,but for this country., He says that he has tilth, and at the last working our fertilizer tumn, too. No other plant makes

;;like.his,'managed on the amassed a small fortune growing cof-- should be applied. 'I prefer to mdre grateful shade or a better protec- .

pm;if would, be extreme- fee. Most of the residents of the colony work the fertilizer in the soil by means tion for fowls from hawks.

rasteful., He;argues reasihat where he is located-are reported of an ordinary one-horse cultivator. Jn feeding milch cows I like to have -

,, 'the.lower leaves,t in'good:condition.-Gainesville Sun The quantity of this fertilize,must be both, sweet potatoes, and cassava, inyA .
; -
6 ,

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r y r c'- :. 11 r M- rJ', THE rtlIDAPAS AND TRVf'OROw.4P .. ,, .,
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.J.-t: ; -' M?* -\i;:!: f.::steadpf..being::: : either one. Angoras,:and hewas' so well pleased Get your Potatoes to,Market Early by asiuIDEAL

: ::. ..: ::.. ;We.'don't n" 'have:enough variety of with one ram and two or three'of my

,"- .. ..<..r_ m( ;:feed for_our"stock'here in.winter, :finest ewes, that he (, said.' "It is POTATO MANURE

: ::; ..(;. .: CHESEBRO. ,foolishness for you to buy costly rams, MANUFACTURED BY ,, -.
:: ;*, .Plunimers(North :Mandarin; ),Fla.: you can raise. the finest rams and, does
: :, .
.' t''r' "" .... that can be_ bought: anywhere." He DOOIMDB/Rf J' : :
,- "ky, :" t:' -, ',..,ii;; :.:- 'Ie. Value of the Soja':Bean.- advised me how to manage in breed- "The Fertilize poase of Florida "J,

-':: : 'f ;"'q: ".C Professor Georgeson- the Kansas ing and,sure enough, I soon improved f.i

; ,; i/ ::' '-, Agricultural ,College, in offering tot my;:(flock wonderfully. I bought three PRICE, $30.00 PER TON. '!{i.
send of('the bean to farm. different flocks and _,
>: :f < samples Soy mare kept only :c":
,. s i<=' ers of that,State, gives In The Industrialist the; best, continually disposing of the ANALYSIS: : \-.

;: v't some account of;the experience inferior ones. The coarsest goats in Ammonia .. ... ..... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ...... 4to 5 per cent. 1
/ y:' with this crop, of which several acres my flock now are much finer than Available Phosphoric Acid,.. .. ...... ...... .... .:.. .... .... .. .. 6to 8" "
:> j 'have been grown,on the college farm those: for-which I had to pay $40 and Insoluble Phosphoric Acid............. .... ,.. .... ... .. ... ....... 1 to 2 u" it
.i' : six Even in the Sulphate of Potash .-... ... !... .... .... .... .... ...........'.... .16 to 18" II 1
":- for years. $50.It- Potash Actual... .... .. .. .... .... ...... .... .... t ...... ....ti... 8 to 10 &C.. 'f
'.,.; years of severest drought toe crop has is a beautiful sight to see a bunchof ,. Made from Nitrate of Soda, Sulphate Ammonia, Blood, Bone, Dissolved 'i
,A I notfailed: completely, and last year a about.500 Angoras, coming home Bone, Sulphate and'Muriate of Potash. .. :

: :, yield of:sixteen bushels, an acre was about sundown, with their long, silky ,
harvested.on-the 3ist of August, from fleeces.. I have always sheared twice A Selected Lot of Fine- Seed Potatoes. '

ground seeded on the ipth ,of May. each,year; that is in April, and in Improved ISearly Rose No. 4, Carmen No. 1, Rural New Yorker No. 2, and
This: crop is. especially valuable since September. If these nice animals. other leading varieties.
be ,' stubble-ground shorn in will For Melons use IDEAL FERTILIZER. Correspondence solicited. A large
rt it can grown pn only once a year, they
stock of Potash Blood and Bone Cotton Seed Meal and Chemicals.
V which wheat and oats have been beause the
from \ soon look ugly, long, silky Get our prices before buyingWilson :
Harvested l and a fair yield secured.. In I hair will become matted and they will

feeding value the, Soy bean takes precedence soon, look as ugly as a scabby sheep.In : & boomer Fertilizer: Co., ,3

; ;-:' ,1 of linseed-meal, and is, more [ kidding time, it is best to keep "The Fertilizer House of Florida." '

i: ; valuable than any other concentrated : those ewes that will soon bring kids Jacksonville, -- Florida.GUARANTEED ,

::'. ':' \ food that can be found in the markets in a small pasture, separated from the

:.; except cotton-seed meal- and this is flock. If the weather be 'cold, and From four to six days before the I believe,that by careful selection for

"J 1_".-; sometimes poisonous when fed to wet, they should have a shelter-dry, delirium sets in which ends in death, breeders, and by avoiding inbreeding

: ,.,_. ;' pigs. The Soy bean contains two cold weather does not hurt them. In the animal passes red water; the color, and by giving proper care, any man can
: 'and'a half times as much protein and hot days, the little kids need shade pale at first, becomes almost blood- have Berkshire hogs that will be a pride
and of to the
\ times much fat wheat bran hot At first I triedto a source profit owner.
'Ii five as as against the sun. i red just as the delirium period ar .
e.- : :.'";, and it contains a greater percentage off make the young kids follow their: rives. With the first system of red )
than linseed-meal and twice : with the flocks but I Texas Farm and Ranch says: Texas
protein ,. mothers
soon oil
.. water, croton was given, and the leads every other State in agricultural
as much fat. Soy beans are. planted found that it is impossible to do,that. dose repeated 'until a copious action resources, and equals any in the Intelligence -

in 'rows thirty-two inches apart, and The little kids were soon all hiddenin followed. We saved.every bull treat and enterprise of her farmers,
they'are cultivated a few. timesto: keep the high grass and bushe's. After ed in this manner. but in the matter of furthering agricultural
down the weeds and retain the mois- that, I followed the advice of older education, and premoting the interest
., Whether it is food, water, or climatic of her chief source of ,wealth
in the soil. Altogether this bean who left the kids in the
ture ;
.. goatmen, pen
disturbance we cannot but Texas has done less than any other agricultural *
: is oneio} the most promising of the until,they were six to eight weeks old. aver'that the tick has say to do State." Texas ought to be
addition to f for the middle_ the three I kept the nothing ashamed and turn leaf.
.' -. : farm'crops During, -past years, with it.-Industrial American. over a new
f.. 'west, and it is likely to be more and little kids in a separate small:pasture, ...t. .

I? 1: more valued its virtues .are under- where 'they have plenty of shade, Berkshire Hogs. Good times will come again. The cur-
4s : stood. water green shrubbery, weeds and rency questiop is practically settled for
K young tender herbs of'various kinds.If The Berkshire hog'has proven itself well the next four years. A moderate protective -
adapted to the South and the reason why tariff, that will encourage manufac.
allowed to follow the flock too
<: Sto'ck. it is a desirable breed to keep, given by a turing and the products of the soil will
Live .
young, they will lie down and go to correspondent of'the Rural New Yorker, probably be the work of the new admin-
> sleep, and be lost. Rural New is as applicable to the South as to the istration, and the almost universal demand
. Yorker., North. -The r should supplantthe razor- for the curtailment of the trusts
F Angora Goats in Texas., .,i back. will receive some attention by the law-

,; .I have been,breeding Angora goats Texas Fever and Ticks. 1. Early maturity. My pigs are hogs, makers. But aside from these influences,
', find it the tick theory is advancedby in the sense of ham, shoulder and loin this great nation will not rest in the
for fourteen a
li years, end very development, from the time they are farrowed dumps Some, way out will be discovered -
.. have writer in the Southern as
... profitable business. I a.barbed a till they are full grown. possibly on different lines. Let
u* ,,"a wire pasture fence with several division the; cause of splenetic or Texas fever. 2. They are fellers. My butcher tells pessimism l give place to optimism. Talk
\!' 'U < fences, all made of ten of the best The writer is no doubt confident to mo that my pork is more desirable than hopefully Mate the ,best of what you
:*** :::1:> :. ''barbed wires; still! the wolves will have discovered the cause of this disease that of any other breed because of the have. Pay as you the little
large development of the parts demandedin "you have in circulation, and the
: getin which costs the cattle owners money
sometimes by.scratching through
his trade viz. hams shoulders etc.
movement towards good times is already
5-Y .T '.'- ;:.'', under the lowest-wire, but we, gener millions of dollars annually, but we while the small bone, head, etc., give the begun.
,;: ally get the wolves now, before they beg to differ with him, and state that minimum of waste. *

} ; : do much damages, by setting steel :. we personally know of the death of 7. :Meat texture and quality are unsur It is safe to plant the crops you can
.- traps at such holes on both sides of many cattle from this disease that passed. :My best advertisement is to geta make use of, that,will be consumed by
:;- prospective customer to eat of the family stock it matters little
or but
them. ;
three,0 had tick on
the fence. We f fasten never a
: ): generally meat. whether the market price be high or
F _',;,-.. steel traps together, and ,dp not fasten We cannot advance any cause for 4. They are quiet, never squealing low, they will support you equally well.
t ,: the traps to anything. Early in the this disease. We have seen it-in the around the trough. My neighbor owns Experiments at the Wisconsin station

F ..._ = morning J one of the boys will go therewith various stages and have lost heavilyby Chester Whites, and they let everyone show that, up to 150 pounds, less than
r _-, -.-' the-" dogs and a gun.- The'- dogs it If itwas, caused by ticks Texas within a radiqs of a mile know they are five and one-half pounds of food made a

will take the trail, and the wolf is cattlemen would have discovered long hungry by their incessant squealing. pound of pork on an average, while ,on
5. docile. all the
t They are Among 500 pound hogs it took eight pounds to,
'j ': } generally not more than 300 yards ago how to prevent it, but they have Berkshires I have ever owned, there bas make the same rain and at the same

I\\l* away, often'with more than one foot not, ,and today a fortune awaits the not been one that was breachy, cross, or time, the meat of the younger pig waa

::r ", in a trap. _If traps are fastened, the man who' can find a preventive or a addicted to eating chickens. i very much more valuable and had much
:: wolf or"wild cat is more likely to get cure for it. 6. They are good mothers. Not one less fat.
of brood has eaten herpigs
sows ever
,: '" .loose. In very cold weather, they We have had bulls die with the feverin my, or lain on them unless they were The San Jose scale never lays eggs' but
'J k- ,are liable to bite their caught feet off two::weeks after coming in contact chilled to inactivity. brings forth its oung alive, and It passes

'.- 7' /: :or jerk loose-as: they, soon have no with cattle. from the southern part of 7. They are good breeders: My sows the winter as a living insect.

; feeling"in their freezing feet. If they Texas and Arkansas. Some, of these average from 9 to,12 even-sized pigs per Peanuts make splendid pork, and,are

i a. can travel 'however slow, with their bulls died at the altitude of San Antonio litter equal to cod liver. oil in the cure of con'
G 8. They are keepers. I know -
,- not to Texas, and'others ,on the easy sumption.Mr. .
dragging traps, hey are likely from'past experience that my Berkshirewill
?. -.' ,:, ",:,: break' 'loose from the traps "Staked Plains" of Texas, 3,200 feet keep in good order on less feed than' H. S. Moremen, in a.i J.
: ,; .j f 1' Most people grade up their flocks i above sea level any other.breed I have tried. the orange groves of Floridathat
', ., ,r+ ,by buying'fine rams. During the.first Out of 37 head of calves taken to 9. They'are hardy. I have never losta 50 per cent. of the ac
Berkshire from They resist State is
; head and anycause. being'tystemati
!! ''';-.3: :'" five.or six years,,rams were very costly San Antonio we 25 are cholera the best of any known breed. while about 20 per.c.ent...::
;i; ,-:;j\} : from $50''to.$ioo, each, and fine confident that we saved the remnant 10. They are shortIegged, long-bodied taken care of as beat the'

",' i"h,,+,', ewes from $40 to $80 each one day, by an ,almost reckless use of -croton ii+ctivemovingstronglimbed hogs. Now. ing about 30 per,cent" of 1 t

f.' : _: ?X':::' a/nian from, Europe looked, my oil- there'Is a difference. in Berkshires.'... .,. .bu abandoned.,

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'1 :. '. :FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. "'. /1'0"3_
..J7-" .': ...... "' "'_ ;T :t* .qL'... <.. >,_ ". .t
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FT "''' .," ; Thatnpthef Side, ,of the Incubator ,
ri":, Jbi1tiT! ., S -De ANDY'S;=- '
1 '
Question. ,
....,.. !. N .
,.>..'"'-:-I '"" .t.-r',:;,;.u.."'":,, : ;J.'"'_'s.1ii xt.."..:..,.'+.rig..;.."-_, ..'_.. -,, .-:-'!"---".-:.._--_._..-. : And yet, notwithstanding all these;'- .f

". ;' oJ \Sttted fey.sYs.. :DeLANOY.Apopka, Fla.. points of a seemingly adverse nature, |

;,,!.( .. :.. --. Popular Poultry Farm there, is both pleasure and profit' in |
.. "
s .. ".Prolific Layers. :0 artificial incubation We know 4
whereof we speak having many ex- .j{
:Well, friends, according to agreement -
: : periences along this line ,and residing "4
.. I am' hand 'to have another 7PORK7: PL1 f ,
.: .1. .. in a part of the country where fries |
chat if hare time discuss TlC
chicken .you, to *
never bring fancy prices, and where *
: the matter further on the ,line, ,y
'winter alone
'' bring really remunerative J
with.our.other talk. : eggs '
GAMES sums. ]
r.- : ,Why,' yes,. I would be pleased to _. Upon a farm it does not, or at least .j\

'have a little more information on I'S V there is no need, that fries should, cost .
1 .
The begt Table Fowl known.
-t the and best "
s fowls possible profit
: Great for Broilers. four cents per pound. If they did
r manner of,managing them. I believe there would be. no item of profit in !

in:our.last'talk, tasked you if I would $1..BLACK+-MINOR AS .& rearing them except it were tor home ;

receive as many ,eggs as I have been consumption. We are. not able to
C .! in'the.habit of( buying "at ,no greater Larger than Iieghonu. Good layers of Large White Eggs- purchase meats of any kinds for four

cost than,we agreed the dog'was costing cents per pound. Meats We must '

t M .me:to' keep?' E Eggs Still at Panic Prices-91.25 per Setting. Settings, >83,00.! have, and we can produce such foods <
E c Well I should would and Minorca Cockerels at $2.oo each-crossed on com
X. say you A few Sum mer-Hatched for half the} money' that it_ takes to ;
.many more besides. Why, it's possible man stork win increase eggsand beautify your stock. buy beef, pork, fish or mutton.In .
'for two hens produce nearly small.places prices are not such )
many eggs'' as' you say you bought Not at Uj; they were just simply AVe are told that there were un- for fries and broilers that any great effort
k ,during the year One dozen per week kept as all fowls should be for profit; earthed in the ruins of Pompeii pictures is made to provide them for early j

'or 624 eggs for; the fifty-two" eks. fed'regularly on a variety of feed,madeto of two Brown Leghorn cocks market. The chicks that pick up ;
} I have in mind an egg contest that work.for all the grain"they got by which had been fighting, which look- their living about the place may be ;:

.. took place a couple of years ago, scattering it in litter\ houses warm and ed very much like the Leghorns sold at a small profit. Summer eggs' F'

wherein many fowls were entered kept clean,fresh water, etc. day. So our best "holt" here is eggs are not profitable entirely. And yet,. .

'.. g from different parts of the United Well, ,they must have been extra- white eggs and plenty of them. when one has a large flock of hens .. :
States. 224 pens were entered and ordinary fowls..I. don't suppose they M. CHESEBRO. that pick up their entire -living about j
I? 143 of the number'! completed. the ,were thoroughbreds,as all jny neighbors Plummers (North Mandarin), Fla. the farm, and will furnish- a large bas- :

year's contest. The first prize was i that have kept or now keep > t ket of eggs each week that may be exchanged .
& carried'off by'a pen of eight fowls in fowls,say that pure stock does not do improving the Flock. for the groceries, it seems '

,: Ohio with an average for the twelvemonths as well as common, so I suppose these There are a number of different ways quite a help after all. '

of 289 eggs per hen. So you prize winners were the result of crosses of improving a flock of chickens and For this reason, then it pays to

see two hens in that pen came very on common hens, were they not? causing them to yield their keeper ,a, hatch out a great many chicks,,and to
near laying as many as you used dur- than rear, a pullets. :Many of
Indeed, your neighbors in these larger profit they ordinarily great many
: ing the year. cases are proven entirely wrong. Five would, and one of the most simple and these are hatched out during the late
*, That was laying with a vengeance. of the six pens consisted of pure inexpensive ways is that of selection winter and early spring weeks of the
f 1 Were there any other contestants that thoroughbred stock, and the other wasa yet practiced but very little among year. And without the services of an

[4i came near,that average?, cross of two thoroughbred varietiesof the majority of those engaged in rais incubator early hatches are not a very
/ Yes, indeed, there were several thatI fowfs common occurrence.An .
one breed. Common might ing poultry.
ifi. have a'record .of{ ,that did nearly as In flock of fowls" incubator once paid for
,. S have been entered in the contest, but a as ordinarily provesa
r well The other five winning pens, they were not among the winners. kept about half of them hardly pay profitable thing( to have. With fertile -

i'- there being six.. prizes ,offered, .averaged S.. S. D.: for their feed, not to say anything of eggs and care, the incubator turns

f. :' .as, follows: Second, ,. .283 eggs; ,. the care and other expenses, while out a good percentage of strong
i. third, 280;I fourth, 270; fifth, 267 ; v The Breeds of Poultry. from the other half one must look for healthy chicks, that in brooders may
sixth; 262.Such.hens. be reared cheaper than with hens. If
the balance
money to accounts, and
f 'as:that :would surely be obtain the profit,if there is any. Had these chicks be thoroughbreds, and
think of the .wisdom of the
profitable,'and ,knock the spots out of I often those, individuals} that are not 'doing a the stock fine, there' will be among
of the in his
any ,dog-in ,the country'or cows either Great'Manager universe paying business been culled out and them some prize winners, no doubt,
t;. that I ever heard of. Was there any adapting the different races sent to market it is plain to be seen that at State and county fairs in Au- .

c ii.. estimate made of the value of the eggs of their animals environment birds The and rabbit plants hasa to the net profit would have.been greater, gust and September they will be old

during the contest? if nothing but their feed and care was enough to make a fine' appearanceand
Yes. That was a part of the record white coat in winter and a brownone taken into consideration. However, exhibition coop, and will bring '
:kept during the so as to arrive in summer. The bear is black in their
year the extra room, which .the best birds owner honor and dollars.
: at'the'value of the product well the, South brown in'the temperatezone
as as would obtain from taking! out the poor The incubator breaks nd eggs, nor
and white in the. far North.
f the amount per hen for the year. ones, would enable them 'to have done does it consume food enough to rear
Weekly reports were required. from Fowls \that are 'adapted to northern cn
t even better than they were doing in fifty cks. The old hen does both.It.costs'from .
each.contestant, and the value of the climates are light colored, large and !
r' filling the basket-especially would 75 ,cents to $i to keep
laid was ,determined according sluggish in'movement, and easily takeon the incubator
eggs this prove true in the cold' months of lamp burning through a
; to the current price of eggs in the flesh. Fowls that ,have been bred the year when biddie is confined so hatch. But this incubator holds 260
'I ... for centuries in a Southern climate are
Pittsburg ;market. the value being much indoors. eggs, and to cover this many eggs
t. computed on The number of as black or brown, smaller and more would
eggs One of the difficult things to learn in require at calculation
_' reported from. week to week., The active. poultry culture is,"that i it is not the twelve or fifteen hens. The grain
f',. valueof: the eggs of the, six prize pens These being facts the Leghorns, number, but the kind of individual they would'consume is an item of nOl

.were as follows: First, $5.02 per hen.; Minorcas and Spanish are better adap- hens or pullets which are' kept thatmakes I small moment tQ say nothing of the
;' .second, '$4.82 (third, $4.00'fourth, ted to such a warm climate as Florida the difference in'the balance to care of them and their nests. .

.':. $4;61;-0 fifth/! $4.89; sixth,.$4.25. Justimagine than the Wyandottes, Brahmas or their credit at the end of the year. We have an incubator have run it ;
'= S ''' it was possible' have one Plymouth ,Rocks. Another thing,the Probably there are a great many who successfully It and, profitably, .and gladwe

iF'.. hundred hens like the. first pen 'that Leghorns more especially deemed keep chickens that realize the vast,difference invested, though we have never

,: would'lay during.a year 28,900 eggs, by good judges to T>e the best treed in the individual hens in a sold a fry at a fancy, city-market .

.-. ."at:a value- $502,00 or a dean profit even in the North for laying eggs. : flock. We can assure them if They price. But there are other ways of
'of:'$400.06 over and above, cost of ,:The greatest profit, indeed nearly all will take the pains to'watch their fowlsin making artificially hatched and reared

"feed. i the profit, in keeping fowls of late this respect they will find some of chickens profitable.-Farm. Journal.We .

i .-.:, ..Don't: mention, please, or .I shall years is in eggs. Live and,dressed the hens laying more than double the .
j= 'hsurply be succumb to the fowls'.have sold for the_ last year for number of eggs some of the _othersare have heard from many' sectionsof

phjever:" Such ,figures lay every- less than,it cost to raise them. No and besides there being a marked the county. since the cold wave

!ng. m.the. shelf I ever:heard of con- "broiler- plant" has paid a profit for-a difference in the size of the eggs.- struck us, and outside of tender vegtf I
*,with' the farm. I suppose those year or.two back in the North Herein Poultry Herald. tables the general\ opinion is,thafvery
>le'.must have used some eX' 'aor- the.South we will always consume .. little damage was:done to the orange

.'.. means to :make 'those fowls more eggs per ,capita and less meat THE salmon in British Columbiathis trees, only the very young being.

'sowdff'. .- .than in colder'climates.. year exceeds 600,000.cases. nippedPalatka Herald .
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,>x,14,,"";"-'-- ..;.;.:.'....if r.{',,.. .. .,?, --":- TS5 ?FLORIDA: ABMEB AND'FBUIT-GEOWEB. It FEBRUARY' .13, .. .. ,

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t y7 ;. .::;..; --',.... .z,-;'--:State. "."-. News. ".' ...." PastorRiMeJsHilness_ .. -
'. ,':. .,7 ,> : -
.r>- IT ,WAS :AT -FIRST .
.. A FEARED '.$E
.. = 'Mr.. .FkA.Winn took the precaution! i Soi TO HIS C CHARGES. '
'to:have'extra tomato plants In bide -

fe f* patiiinof' a cold spell; These But After Suffering for Sewe'Timeand ,

he had in. boxes ,in his yard. Trying Numerous Remedies HeSuoceedg ; ;;
'in Finding One 'WhichNot /
town. During the cold ,spell ." '
; :Only Afforded Relief .:;'
: the plants} in his, kitchen, kept FRUIT !t but. ;,Effected Care .

the stove, and thus saved -, '.(From th\Dispatch,. Lexington,:6.'C.4 ) -
,tell it on him thaf his wife, :The Standard Excellence\ .. picturesque and
r never nursed the baby as i Send-1- fertile cougtrykcownas, the Dutcfi.ForJr.
for Catalogue and Prices from First -Hands)
attentively as' he nursed those : of Lexington county,.8.-C., is"the,beautiful i- :
V toes. The nursing paid him, 5OIITffjIDfAjIG; CO. P T RSBUROM\; \ and pleasant home of one of,our well ;
If known and 'citizens.
most respected "
as he has a sufficiency.of.strong
ous plants to reset his field?.- Rev. S. J. Riddle"is' a farmer of some .
Commercial. means; and besides,he:is engaged: merchandising '.
Palms. Of. to such treesis and milling, and pastor of '
course, remove stately
Mr.. J: B. LaMontagne an abundance of suitable or- three Baptist churches. llo.i& agen; e-
for a novice, by no means an easy feat, ; ..
trees, wherewith to 'adorn our man of integrity, and his neighbors..and '
Star that all l of the tobacco but an able-bodied man and a stout boy
,grounds, maybe gotten out,of,the handle such fellows of friends have the utmost 'confidence In|
the seed beds: which were. can weighty the
Called yet none of them him, and he is held in the highest respect
: the 40 acre tobacco plantation to..give' place more tropical forest very nicely 1n the following man- and esteem ,by all who 'know' him. As
ap- ner. After the tree selected has been
he and Mr. Adolph, Hovelle than the palm. loosened the we have'alreadysaid he has handsome
cultivate for the roaming through the woods one pletely uncouple wagon-a and comfortable home and is surroundedby
paring to may one-horse one will do-run the hind truck ,
and then enter quite extensive natU- all that which goes ,to ,make life hap
tobacco growing towards the tree with or halter lines
company rope
harmed by the recent cold, groves.of these'sylph-like trees, while pushed up and snared near top of tree, py.happy Atlded and refined to these family.blessings he has a
the principal avenues or highways of
draw down; the lower part of the tree
They were covered with they are but rarely seen; in fact, being thus elevated, run the front part of But there was one thing needed'to fill
M the first warning of.,the cold may journey for miles and miles on' wagon under the bulb of roots, then, by his; cup of happiness,full,to overflowing.
1 came and consequently not a .of the inland arteries of travel of the'I raising the treetop, adjust ahd recouple In that one thing isla,, sorrowful (tale of'
one of the tender'plants'were State",without beholding such an. the wagon and you have got it. Surely, terrible suffering. For over'ten long
OrlandoStar. of'the tropics. Yea, it may be I where there is a will there is a way.- years he suffered the most excruciating .
said that hosts of tourists, as,well] Southern Ruralist. pains that made life a burden and almost
All farmers, cotton gro residents in our pretty State,have lived << unbearable. Mr. Riddle's pitiable and
died without ever casting their eyes helpless.;condition was known to many
business regardless of The Farmer's Garden.
men, a cluster of palmettoes,or even a single Berry of our most prominent and influential
who favor the imposition of a thereof, except it be the insig Thayer's Berry Bulletin recommendsthe citizens, and his restoration complete.
the incoming Congress upon dwarfish saw palmetto. This following for a berry garden. For health is a marvel to all.
ian cotton. which is not be; particularly we,-of the the extreme South the raspberry, cur- About two weeks ago, while on his
long staple cottons Florida : Southland, ought not'.to rants and gooseberries would have to be -way to fill a preaching':appointment'at
on bleak and disemeraldized home-, left;out. Irene, he dropped into our office.and dur-
Southern States in home
our ,when God Almighty, through His One quarter acre of good land, set with ing; a pleasant talk the conversation turn-
by reducing the price:and in nature, supplies us so bountiful. proper varieties and well cultivated, ed upon his health',and ,his remarkable
demand for the same, are with the,very things essential in em-' should produce from 20 to 40 bushels of recovery. 'We asked him 'to what he attributed -
quested to meet'at the court' g our homes. Think of the great nice berries, every season. This would his present good "health. ;'He
Gainesville thus extended to invalid sojourn- give an ,ordinary1 family fresh berries enthusiastica11 y'repli d "to'Dr.WiHiftms'!
on Tuesday .
who unable to in and liberal Pink Pills ,for Pale -.then
o'clock in are scamper through every day season supply, People, a
at I I a. m., woodlands, viewing nature in its canned, preserved or,dried during the en- told us the following story of his Buffer,
decide upon proper actV>D'to forms and beauty! To be instru, tire year. Plants for such a garden may ings and how he was, ureo4: _
for our-pt tection. Come one in creating, if but a slight and mo be purchased direct from a reliable' 1 suffered with sciatica for,about ten
all.-Gainesville Sun. joy for them must certainly be grower'for$10 or$15, and should includethe years, but not severely'until\some time
to, the propagator, as well following,varieties: Three hundred m January 1804. :In that month I 'received
The southern part of the sx't the entail of many a silent blessing and strawberry plants, early, medium and a fall and.; sight knee, .
,steadily being setttled with praise. late; 100 blackberry plants, early, med the pain finally locating in my:fight,hip.
farms. Every day' grow on high,piney lands as lux-' ium and late; 50 black raspberry plants, For a year I was .unable to do any ,business
Gainesville in search as in flatwoods or hammocks. early and late; raspberry plants, 'or work. About two months of that
through reason why they are not found among early and late, 75 currants, red and time.1 suffered terribly, and '
ablelands for turpentine pines chiefly owing to the annually white, early and late; 25 gooseberry,' I made up my mind io,give up all pastoral
Monday, Powell Bros., of forest fires; were it not for these early and late; 18 grapes, three varieties, work. During' the '
bridge, Ca., passed through conflagrations our woods early. ,, suffering;was: notfa greatut'ntbeJall
ville on their .to Pasco be dotted with.palms. This is am The ideal berry ground would be, 1st; months the pain returned. In December
1 hands work way naval demonstrated by trees, the seed of a rich sandy loam with clay subsoil. 2d. I was unable to do any"horseback: riding,
to a store twelve dark loam loam mixesslightly which exercise I fond
was planted years ago, now a or gravelly am very -In
there. \Vithin the past two at their base a diameter of two with clay, and a clay subsoil, all January I could travel in a :buggy, ,although --
seven large farms, employing and fully twelve feet high, with a having a southerly eastern slope. with much 'pain, .and.'was compelle'd -
aggregate 800 men, have been at least ,ten;feet from ,tip' to tip of Light soils however, require heavy fertilizing to take a boy along ,with one -to
lished in Alachua leaves. ,more mulch in summer, amore open gates and give me other assistancethat
county. transplanting palmettoea. the small liable to injury by drouth I might need, for I was unablo'to
due in large part to, the should not selected; while,they duce lighter crops. get out of the buggy'without almost unendurable -
of'pine timber in the more easily removed and-reset, yet, *m. pain.
Geor ia.-Eustis Lake Region.Lieutenant most cases, they will not root.or start The Camphor Tree. "I saw the, account the.Dispatch of
If deprived of their .beautiful In the grounds of Hotel Interlachen, the wonderful cures made ly? Jr.) .Wil
Hugh L so as to prevent the breaking of Interlachen, Fla., is a camphor tree some liams' Pink Pills for1'ale People and concluded -
,the R. I. ,Naval Reserve, cabbage, core or heart, by the winds, twenty feet high, that went through the to try this rem y..After'bei g
their and less .sheltered 'place it told by.a physician that he 'could-do
met at Cocoanut Grove last new [ 1895 freeze without the loss of a leaf, in- me
formed the Advocate that he at bests take'years'for .their-f uU re dicating the adaptation of the tree to the no good,with the hope of obtaining. some
ished his scientific ration, invariably they succumb en- Southern half of Florida and Texas. The relief,if not.a cure,Isent'.to!I the Moray
\\r survey to the change/and so much labor increasing price of camphor gum and the Drug Company, of, Columbia,and purchased -
HSmithsonian and other and joy is lost 'The "Stringfellow destruction of the camphor forests of some of ,the plllsand'began the
occupying! over two weeks in of> cutting off all the cord-like roots Formosa, point to the South as the future use ,of,them. After rising 'them fora:
He returned from, the been duly 'Iscal d" with scores. of place of its profitable production. time I found.myself fifty per cent.better.I .
; perfect health, and greatly se trees, but, found,wanting;this prac t ." purchased more,,used ahem and>steadily
K with his may be all right on lowlands on high The importance of thorough tillage to improved. I:now coasider/myself! a
'" experiences. I am sure it will not do,neither. conserve moisture cannot be too often well' person. .I can'rlde .horseback.Jflth-
loughby traveled,alone'in a palms nor any other variety. The emphasized. out pain and this ,is saying a.greel deal
said that hunting and fishing and most satisfactory results are obi when it is remembered that 'one of>siy
Leaf and
vine mulch is nature's
good ,that ,he brought back by getting tall, short-necked palms method, grass of moisture. It is churches, "Old Lexington about4Mr-
k and about fifteen or twenty feet in height, conserving teen miles from Balentine's; ,liHbpob! in -
it'his' provision stores two to limited extent.
practical only a ,
blunt or .short-stemmed leaves. Richmond county is Wipe, -and''tQr $ r
He ,was nearly burnt black" are better fitted to 'withstand Keep the land so occupied with crops Bank at Irene it is fourteen miles. I, s
p "much exposure to the sun,and of wind if brought into an exposed: : that there will be no time for weeds to satisfied that my 'recovery i is:due"eolelj!
: started on his journey from In unrooting them cut with a grow. If.they do grow/turn them under. to the curative-properties: of-theeepr

river on, the west. coast, spade around them, leaving a con? The 'farmer Has suffered much less and am recommending see wl
p tthe' Everglades to .bulb>f roots.and earth; thus from the "hard times" than other formsof I go to those suffering from difittaV]
through et theywil1.not, without even cutting labor. Where do you know of a Dr.. Williams'Pink Pills oeaUia-. *
Grove, oh the east coast. ,suffer in ,the .least: firmly .set-:in. farmer seeking charity because! his family elements necessary' to .give new -
,:Riv r Advocate. sand they.. continue their growth. have nothing to eat?' richness to the blood and restore i i.J

5" ". .... .
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JU&fc/:':;*, *d 1KB :FLORIDA PAKMEK AND n1J1'1loGJIOWEBf": '\i 4 j
:[ -.--.!!:, !II! ;;: :
t "it 'i?Tbeye sold in boxes- (never .' .' ., ........ '
in;Ioo eJt,..ti1.the.0Be or hundred) ..". .). sQiEVTiI(DtLiLiJLIlltl.Rifiera IMr : 1
-- '
: M 50 centra box; or*six boxes for$ .50, 1': >- '>.
aiMi: bad-of all druggists.,or'direct i 'C..fIti p, '
"' aby"mMu from' ;Dr.. Williams' Medicine ...u.. Ce tgbs1 1 -
,COmpaaty,SCheaectady;'N.'Y. }. :....itti.CIIee. Pecan: Grove
.. \
.1 'THBiSECRET; 'OF it. 1'.CoWI, ,. 'ON'BLACKWATEBBAY: <. --_

;.., .;, Awriter; in ,the:'New' -York Sun says: .. --
V ,
: !'TheaViplen of in the 'DterrhoM 20,000 SEEDLING PECAN TREES, Two : _
.. currency coun t ,and many even higher;at Ito'oo per .
:try! 'and taegood.: If the farmers over..'Term*; Cash with order. Shipment as '
.; 'ekeese,'tbey:can procure'and retain their t Dysentery, on receipt. No responsibility -after shipment.
share of it by the -Box: 4, Bagdad, Florida. -
: simple expedient adaa Bowel
'spending less of it than they receive, and Cmplalnts. j

:.thus.ittto,:gradually with:accumulating"enough. of ;A:Sure,Safe Quick> Cure for' HEADQUARTERS ,' ,ar
dispense borrowing. I
i 'Thia ,iI the these troubles is -i
of Northerarand
way :
.Eastern:farmer, and by;\this process of ;(Gf/.tROEN/ :A ND '
'earning more than he spends he.has be ; ro
come'forehanded and has money1 to lend.I iinl1l'et

... .The Southern and Western farmer,'by : : ... j:
';the force of circumstances, has been compelled J Farmers and Truckers are requested. .

.... lately-to'in: a measure adopt the f It"|is thil.frulwlfrlea4 of the 1,000 bushels Tens Red Rust-proof Oats.17S
methods of the Northern farmer making pound: Rescue Grass,30 cents pcrpound.
Mechanic I 1
Farmer, :Planter, i'i'f
a living off othis nd, and not spending '
.his'money or'credit for such, things as Sailor, and in(fact all-classes. "I P. F. WILSON

he could do without While he has lived i 'Used Interirallyorexternally. .,

his curtailment expenses has depressedbusiness. I Beware of imitations. Take "?
That;ln been, one factor,-not ; ;
tho only ono,-i shutting down the facto-, ; none but the,genuine!PSRK;

ries. Shutting down the factories has ;f'' DAVIS." ,Sold .everywhere.25c. after notice is given'by either party' of a

stopped'the consuming and'.purchasing desire for .its' termination. May it last
t; power of the operative, and In turn acts 1 ,and,50c. bottles. ,forever.
on'the ,farmer, for the laborer without : President Cleveland 'in', sending .the -
work and, cannot'purchase or consume -' i to&tH3 tMA o ,
wages treaty to the Senate, said "The experi--
V .. the farmers' products.The ment of substituting civilized methods t
free trader says ,the ,farmer must FAIR 'ELECTIONS'AND'S1TTLBRS.' for'brute force as'the-means of settling + ( :
have his clothing and tools cheaper and The Southern States want settlers. international questions of right will thus

the-duty on ,their importation removed. They'want settlers of the best type. Such be triedunder the happiest auspices Its Vi .
The protectionist;) ,says if the' duty is removed -. settlers always insist upon certain 'con' success ought not to ,be doubtful, and the .

,our manufacturers. cannot compete ditions. They-will-not go to a CQmmuni. fact that its ultimate ensuing ,benefitsare : e
with'the goods made by workmen ty in which the laws are not enforced. If not 'likely to be limited'to'the two 1 ;; : : .
who get half the wages they are paying, murders committed d in a State and .the countries immediately concerned shoed
and will compelled; to shut down,'or murderers are not punished'settlers will cause it to 'be, promoted all ;.the moie I .,
reduce wages"to .correspond to ,those of avoid.that State eagerly." 1 ,
'foreign'workmen. .In either'case ehuts Another condition that they insist upon .T >manure"r.<

off the ability to purchase. and consume is fair election They have been Destruction of the Weevil. t\ Vt
the farmers'.products;the sale of which ( -- .
; brought up-to vote and to have their The weevil .in the granary: is easily de- .
would in the meantime have given him :
votes counted. They are not willing ito the of Of *
stroyed by use bi-sulphide carbon I V
wherewith to purchase.our/products,/ live where this rule is not maintained. -which volatile andlnflammable r
'and.,both would prosper. The buying Next to a failure to enforce the laws for, substance, and no fire should: be allowed .
and selbng"would open the,channels for I the protection of human life, the prevalence -: .candle, : in
by lighted cigar or pipe,or any
the to out of the large citieswhere :
money get of election frauds is probably the in the whereit
room building '
it i is abundant into the I -
worst obstacle to the incomng of good is used, for a day or two at'least.
among the: farmers'an, manufacturers citizens from other States.Florida Citi- I I ..
where. has little circulation and the HOW TO USE IT. I I

masses, whether they be farmers, mechanics ; zen.When the Australian ballot, pure and Have your bin containing grain as ( )

or laborers, they get the money, simple is adopted in the South, and nearly' tight as possible, setting shallow :
wIn-spend it, and the times will be good. equal safeguards to the ballot are' estab- dishes on-top of the grain, in'which pour

''The party Doming into power take the lished, so that whatever educational ,or the bi-sulphide. For a one-hundred bushel -
latter' view, and they should have full other qualifications are required of the -bin one pound will .be sufficient. ..For
swing; If the adoption of protection and voter there shall be :an equal and t just a fifty bushel bin one-half pound. For'
reciprocity will make better times, the casting and counting of the ballot and grain in tight barrels'an ounce or a half (
people'will TOjoice. But the law 'makers :proofs thereof provided for,as.the Citizen ounce,will be sufficient, poured on to the '

,.; must understand .that the farmers' and truthfully says, one of the worst obstacles -, grain, if.immediately covered with'thick .
fruit growers must have an equal show to immigration'will be removed. :All cloths prevent the gas escaping. The '
with the manufacturers!/obtaining .a die parties should work together to this end. gas is heavier than common air, and will

''rectas well' as an indirect" benefit.-So. soon go down through the whole mass. .
Rural ist. I One,two or three applications in a season '
$100.Reward $100.' I will :the .beans .
.p .. keep peas, or corn perfectly
THE SEED DISTRIBUTION- FRAUD; The readers of this paper will be pleasedto secure'from insect ravages.
learn,that there is at least one dreaded .For an elaborate description of grain "
The report of the Secretary of Agri-. disease that science has been able to cure, pests and further instruction! i in the use of,
culture contains some interesting.statements :- in all its stages, ,and ,that is ..Catarrh., thebl-aulphlde'wnte for'Bulletin No., 36,
about-the. disposition of seeds by Florida Station, Lake City
Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only positive: Experiment. ,.
some of the Congressmen, and the'-various cure known to the medical' fraternity. Florida; .

uses to which, they are put. In Catarrh being a constitutional disease, ....... : :
many instances ey go:along with public requires a constitutional treatment How It Is'Done. I .,
documents Increase the .member's .. ,
Hall's Catarrh Cure--taken interaliy
unusual A bright, successful Illinois farmer
income from his office.No plan ,
the blood and .
directly mu-
acting -
is to turn'the whole quota of seeds coming upsn; follows to the Country Gentle
surfaces of the des-
cus system thereby
He Progressive farmers are
man. says:
to the members over to some personstowhom .
s the foundation the disease '
editortherl'ba troying known to be saving money. in some cases
he i indebted,.and .
and giving the patient strength build
to :that they are made by. as much as formerly, who are selling their
see .
-- <- ing up tha constitution, assisting nature products at lower prices. To their credit
in doing its work. The ,proprietors |
futIn other rds, the people are taxed they are not doing much grumbling,whichis
have much faith in its curative '
V powers the
loud enough unprogressiveand ;
bills to among
...f tO:: the Congresimen'a-private "
pay that they offer One Hundred Dollars for _
'the.local editor or,other parties,to,whomhe unsystematic. "
and the any case.that it fails\to cure. Send for Lower prices and closer margins of -
-is'indet' d, Congressmanwhovotes :
: have reduced but'not eliminated
: for;this ,government seed house profit ,
Address F. J.CHENEY.'OO. V .
the'reokless waste of the past. The for-
the 'Let '
business is liable to implication.:
Toledo 0.WSold
'i 'seed business meet the age and straw of 150 million acres of cereals -
i..: a $government. Saloon. 'Theyitereboih by Druggist,:75c. are not & nearly thrown away. The
: .. pae fate as .:>-. succulence immense
; lawmakers silo is preserving \ _
'to ,our
disgrace ;
iitted i a them.vantage ., Anglo-American Peace. masses of green forage; the shredder 'i itl ; .
pf i
q .. On January 11th, 1897 the -representatives rendering-more available eighty million ; 3F.cj. ; 'V
of- composting stable of the, governments England acres of.maize fodder;;straw is beginningto ,;
-th'muck is that it starts a' fer. and the United States signed a treaty, be utilized .connection with various -, '
and sweetens:the mulch. Cot- which binds ,the two great nations to oleaginous and nitrogenous feeds; better ,"
and dissolved phosphate settle all :the disputes arising between balanced-rations avoId'' useless 'waste of '

"J :she'Tal W'Or tbo. cornV them by arbitration. The :treaty 'is to I feeding material; .some. farmers are beinni11g -
'.to learn the wastefulness of feed
.1'. remain in force five years "and one year ,
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?-*'*. :.:.: ",." tf.""'''''-r .K; _. abominable ,and them the former This 'if"their '
,- "";' j-' work-standsout. the I to. figures. trousers had all been cut on
_, ;' _.3- -.*. -i5EZr5i8-!_. !uitr- ,and. Fruit. > GrowA brazen> rapacity of the> Pensacola shows an amenability to_ an aroused one pattern and their legs melted and
.'" ,- z."'- ,'r-., u 1.j:r,!'!''. ...' ""'" +" Board of Health in mulcting the sailors public opinion which the farmers poured into them. The sense:: of per-

J.; ; ff. :::,:......:.. ....- -I:#.' ;Weeklv. ._'Newipaper. _. published( at. 16 Main whose business brings their vessels hardly expected. sonal liberty is very strong in the South;
.r.:0.. ",,' .. t:!;!. ;; ..t ,
:;; ,.:... '""" ',' ..- e' there is that
of oard.
.."".. "., .. ,.-,... .,,.''"-"". -.-'" within the clutches the $ It < "desperate courage which
:.'1" '' ,'t',.,". .!i-'";:;".- ,' .., .. .. would take,a in American Delusive Orange Quotations.The makes one a majority," and which
,i ".... :"'$'t.;\' TBBMB. Of SUBSCRIPTION. i seaboard annals to find a more infamous Southern'California papers pub enabled her straggling regiments to
,..IFI !.1,... ..':..5 <.i-.r........!..............I JoOO transaction than that effected lish the f. o.b.price of Navels at.$2.25, hold at bay for years the superior num.bers

"' ," ,;..", ." ';>"":...- -.'...1Is; .. ....!.................. ..... 1.00 with the captain of the Lord Wolseley, I with a prospect of $2.50. These are and discipline of the North. The

: ."')$ 1m"fordfa:Coantrie .,1.1, 3.00 1 who has just secured an injunction evidently put put, for home consumption I faculty of fighting is splendidly developed -

:' .. .., _. ".. ;< '.,. apSabecriptions in all cases cash in I! forbidding the payment of a check and the edification of tenderfeet. : the faculty of organizing does
.., .'_ ftdTance. No discount allowed on one's which he says the Board extorted from E. L. Goodsell states, as a rather remarkable -: not exist, at least' in the rank= and file.
,,-, ,,0000I8b criptionexcEtinaclub( ), bnttoU him "under duress." It remains for feat,that: he sold'4,628 boxesof I The writer speaks by the book for

'':i.; .agents ? on will the Pensacola Board to show'cause California Navels' for $13,256.60gross he once, with a few others, struggledand

!#' '':r'-!' be allowed. Write all for subscriptions terms. obtainedbyttejn. whyit should not be,displaced by the an average of $2.86 per box. compromised for several years 10

State Board which has some principlesaside From this subtract'90 cents for freight try to hOld a fruit-growers' association;
..- To every new subscriber of Whitner's we will"Garden-send, from those of the pocket.We and 29 cents for commission-total together; but it burst and resolyed in-

':,,:; t t:]t: ;.', poetp&Id,:::1n' .orioA.a copy" For two new sub- .. .- $1.1g-and what becomes of the $2.2S to its original elements.We ,
I : .._. ." icnber,.'at $2.00 ,each; we will send, 'have received from the General f.f o. b.? It is reduced to 167. On get a little weary sometimes of

: 8O P&Id 1, a copy of ,Moore's "0_ range Passenger Agent of the Q. & C. Rail- two othercars he received $2.70 gross the talk of neighborhood or cooperative
t ,: lJa1t: re.n, road, at Cincinnati, a letter complaining average. Here the f. o.b. i,* educed canneries, etc. When some manor

1-; Bates of advertising on application. ,of an item in this paper which to $1.53. The truthful market columns : some corporation comes along who

y Remittances should be made by check, criticized the Mann compartment of the California Fruit Grower can make money pickling cucumbers,
Y postal note,,money order or registered car service on that road. We receivedthe give the San Francisco prices of or- buying the raw material and payin
*"r : letter to, order of item from a friend in whose ,accu anges as (follows: Seedlings, 75c to for it in spot cash, then cucumberswill

:rASKEB AND FRUIT,GROWER. racy and truthfulness we had all con $,IiOOj; f standard Navels,$ .OO to$1.50; be picked in Florida in a commercial

_' Jacksonville, Fla. fidence and published it without ques- fancy, $1.50 to $2.50. The Florida way, and not b (ore.Ve thinkwe.
':. Chu.W.DaCosta,Business Manager. tion. The last time the writer passedover Fruit Exchange used to tell the world discover the germ of such an establishment -
exactly what it secured for by in Fort Myers possiblyalso
'. that road the Mann cars were in oranges ,
CONTENTS. use, but the agent informs'us that they publishing averages. The California' another in Caxambas.
have been discontinued. THE FARMERAND people publish a fictitious f.o.b. value, What the growers need is the guid-

-' Bananas and Figs..:.;*..*, 98f FRUIT-GROWER will not know which.seems to get badly demoralized ance of a few men wjth administrative -

I Grov,. *AND OJlCUAJlD-The; Future of Orange ingly misrepresent any railroad; and somewhere, on the long desert haul ability and autocratic power-
Culture; Orange Trees Sheeted with Ice; which has it in its' across to New York. such a man as the growers of the East
-. Defense,of the Pecan; ..Effect'of Late Fer- especially one .. .
have for leader-a
:'' tilidng; Protection for'the Citrui..,.... 99 power to render such important ..rviceto Coast how a man
Inquiries and Replies; Pear Blight.........100' "Florida. The heavy travel, l over Good, Talk. on Good Roads. whose personal energy, and grasp of
'touCCOFlorida tTobacco' Grower No. 2.. 101FA&iux that road this winter shows that' it The Good Roads Congress in Orlando of details are intense. .. ,
AHD TRUCKER--Tomato Culture; be the satisfactory elicited admirable .
must giving public a some speechesand .
.Cassava'&.......... ?.,....,... Jot
the before A Letter From Texas:
service. essays on subject matter -
Value of the Sofa Bean.. 102, 9
\ LIVE STOCK-Angora Goats in Texas; Texas .. the convention. But all these -
Fever and Ticks; Berkshire Hogs'.. ,102POUI.TRY The vast amount.and variety of voluminous utterances in-the abstract Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. ,

:-Prolific layersThe; Breeds, of tropical and semitropical products go- would not be equal in value to one I would be glad,if you or some of
Poultry; Improving the Flock; ThatJ good act in the concrete. Let the readers would be kind
Other Side of the IncubatorQuestIon..... .103l ing into the Northern markets; from your enough to
-, .J Palms; The Farmer's Berry Garden ; The different countries might be calculatedto ; l Legislature enact a law in such formas give me either by private letter or
.s: Camphor Tree.///, ... 104 discourage Floridians.; The West in its wisdom may seem wisest and through your valuable paper the following -
? : The Secret of It; The Seed Distribution Indies shipping oranges and bananas; best, that the convicts of the State information about Florida.Is .
Fraud;Fair Elections and Settlers; Anglo- shall be employed the round in
Mexico, oranges, strawberries and there any opening for dairying,
American Peace Destruction of the Wee
; roads. It is deal bet-
i vii; How It is Done..........,.... 105 pineapples; California, oranges, lemons making a 'great fruit growing, trucking, poultry raise
%EDITORIAL-Ixwer; Freight. Rates; Flatters' strawberries, and preparing to ter to put iron bands on rogues for ing, etc? I want to try my fortune in
} Us; Delusive Orange Qu taUons.The Copetation plant pineapples on an extensive scale. this purpose than to burden good Citizens a* warmer climate and am looking
; Delusion; Good Talk on Good Arizona, the same, except perhaps as with paper bonds. toward the land of flowers. I want a
Roads; A Letter from Texas 106 Really, this subject of good roads i
'; to pineapples; Texas and Louisiana, I small farm convenient to good rail
Market Market Notes Our St. Louis
; ; should receive attention.
and strawberries. Swift our road town local market schools
; Let I/l.H.u..H., H.f.H....... 107 vegetables ,
? Bates Or Interest on Farm Loans..... ioS and cheap' transportation by rail and There will soon be oranges to haul churches and in good society.
'Relative Values of Bone and Phosphate the opening up of new lands are and it is cheaper to lay the roads with Will it pay to breed improved cattle
Rock...........:..... noHomemade threatening to some extent the monopoly clay or even pine straw than it is to and hogs there or do the. longhornsand
Manures. ;'Sowing Seeds....... 112Flatters I buy Missouri cornd hay for a two-
; .
(' :: ;" which Florida once enjoyed., The razor-backs defy their coming?
-1-* ..... horse team to do the work of one.
? ; great northern markets are now sup- Are there any small orange groves for
..t, Us. plied nearly all the. year, round,with The attractions of Florida in fishing sale or exchange for !land In Texas?

Permit me to congratulate you on I southern grown luxuries, and these and hunting are passing away, and the Would like to know the price of improved -
'.' ."'., I can never' command again the fancy crowds of winter tourists must be able and unimproved lands. I
the very excellentpaper you publish. prices they once did. All, these considerations to'roll their wheels or spin their horses have, land here in Cherokee county,
.r 1 I find it interesting, instructive and' call for lower transportation across the peninsula and far down its Texas. I would exchange for Florida

:-A reliable. and most ably conducted in rates, instead of higher, if the length, or they will-seek elsewhere for l land. '

every way, and! .I wish you abundant Florida growers are to maintain them pleasure.The. Hoping to hear something from
f selves against this widespread and > < I am truly *
; success.. JOHN :KENDIG. you. yours ,
restless competition. Florida's one Cooperation; Delusion. SIDNEY ROWLAND.

". '. < Philadelphia, Pa. great advantage, that of nearness to General John M. Claiborne occupies 'To ascertain ,whether you could exchange

\: # owned a fine grove near Citra, the markets, is more or less nullifiedor nearly one page in the Austin Hor Texas land for Florida pro-

| which was lost in,the great freeze of miminized by' these higher rates. ticultural Gleaner,in an effort to prove, perty your best plan would be to
it If the railroads leading to Florida had among other things, that all the farm- insert a few lines in our "cheap
r February 8th 951 am bringing
to live on their traffic; as do those ers of a neighborhood should"agree to column." There are good openingsfor
4 ,back, 50 acres, and feel encouraged running to California, and Mexico,' plant a certain kind of potato, peach, all the pursuits you mentionforthe

your writings. theyVould perhaps be more ready to apple, grape, etc., so much and at sucha right kind of men-*ven in dairy
'4 ., J" .. meet the views of the, growers, but date, so that all of each crop will mature ing. Little has been done in improv-
1-. _' '' The late meeting of the State Boardof they receive a revenue from tourist at the same time," to the end that ing the breeds of cattle and hogs In

| ': -Health,puts on record the benign travel in winter which makes diem harmony may prevail :in shipping or Florida; only a beginning made herand

.'. ; ': work of that body in bringing Florida ,more .or less independent of freights. in "preserving, canning, pickling and there. Trucking is 'over-done,
::5 sale. and sound through the most The above was written for last evaporating of the products". if anything, in comparison with" lI *"

::: ""', .threatening year of her history-a year: week issue, but was crowded out. We are a litte'surprised that an old other lines of industry you m

:i ..:'C ', when,the thousands of raw Spanish This week we have the good news Texas Ranger should suppose' that the Dairying for the supply of tl
-.l .' T.-:... recruits were feeding flames oft that the .two Florida railroad companies good fighters of his State could .be tourist hotels with milk and
: '": contagion just across narrow strait. i which lately advanced, the moulded to the long grenadier strideof the, winter; with cheese-m" !
4 1 ;In painfuj) contrast to this beneficent rates on 'vegetables. have restored Europe, where the. soldiers look as alternative,during the d '
,. "
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f i
I ,

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:c.".. ," > ,"," ,:".7..,,.\....;.-''.',,:,:,.'_. ':,.",... .; _.._. :>'T" "<';.; '. .' _<''t,!:_,."i.. ,' '""" o "...;<,'......;. '. .: -1"'>>,- ':'- _...:-. ........_ ,_ _......::.. .... ,", .... :t",: ,,'';;-..1'." ',,-M.:1, .. :;,;.."', .. '..-. ac-:

-,,,.. JI. : _-<:::' :d '"Jf<..: -,:---.--
-- *"V1 '" **&. -; ,." ...;.; ". .c"'... ....j.. ..- "':".',;.. ; Y= r rVT .y _. .. .,
x. :
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; .::.,. ::: -:" .... ...._ J
c ... : .;. ._.. : '
-, '
r. :.,:..: :, ,* *\of'summer-,, 'presents to, enterprising most kinds though tomatoes have sold Ta .,".,

; .8MB a. flist:class opportunity, in our rather slowly; defective goods have had '

-P _4s 'option-j ) -The field is almost wholly to go comparatively low, but some of the
4-'. beans placed at 1.60 to 2.00 per box would .
occupied ] : have been worthless a short time ago.
;.;L> ,",* .. .. At the close most sales of prime are at
'- -v 3.00 to'3.50,,but fancy beans sold up to 'J OKSO LE. j

,y 'i" / flarkets. 4.00 to 4.50.)() Tomatoes close steady as National Bank in the State. ..
.",- quoted but are not active. Lettuce has

,f made a sharp advance for all fancy goods CHARTERED 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED 1894.
) but trade is now quiet at the full rates ,
and lots 'By conservative yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
quoted only
: JACKSONVILLE, FLA., February 12. very fancy com- strength and ability fo meet an legitimate demands F
mand top figures; shippers are cautionedagainst We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms,drawing our own.
,. FRUITS,AND PRODUCE. sending frosted lettuce. A few drafts on all parts of the world. V
Corrected by Marx Bros.' cauliflowers are coming forward of which favors We invite a visit or correspondence looking toward business relations assuring yOu that youi '
at all times receive intelligent and careful attention
I) These are average quotations. Extra choke the quality very irregular and prices s
show wide Some lots of Floridalarge JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor rangj. ,
IoU sefow celery have sold at 75c per dozen I President. Cashier.

R Florida Oranges ....wanted........ 3.00 to 3.50 but small stalks, range, down to 15 to 25c.Pitteburg Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
.4 <* ,Applet, ..........................bbl'2.00 to 2.50 .m.-. ,
ffi Pines (wanted)............:....crate 4.00 I I
Lemons, 3.25 i Market.
rt English Peasdried,..........', 1.50 Orange; Florida fancy bright 4.00 to
Peanuts,best brand....:. ........, .0410. ..05t'J GARDEN & FIELD SEEDSAt
? CabMre.Florida ....:..,.....each .oH 4.50;; Russet, 3.75 to 4.00; Ordinary, 3.90
Potatoes BurkanL:: ....... ...,...bbl I.7S to 3.50; Tangerines, fancy, 4.00 to 5.00;
..............5 barrel lots 1.65 Mandarins, 4.00
.. ...................; sack '1.40 fancy, : ; Ol'alges.J&malC3 Prices to Suit the Times.
a f '. .. .. ......"..S lack lots I.M bls.California; navels,2.75
1 ." N.Y. Early Rose,seed. 1.85 to 3.25; Seedlings ,2.50 to 3.00; Straw- Tomato, all varieties per Jb. $1.50 I Peas, early varieties. '. per bu. $3.00 .
11'Maine, early hebron rose It.* .-. 2.00 berries;Florida,'refrigerator, fancy, 40c. ." Dwarf Champion per lb 1.75' American Wonder per bu. 4.00

, : ". Maine Maine peerless .. 2.00 2.25 to 50a; Ordinary 30c. to 35c.; Tomatoes, Squash .. per lb. 40 Turnip Seed. : . ; per lb. 30
; Dakota reds .' 2.00 Florida, carriers, extra fancy, 2.50 to8.00i; Cucumber . . per lb. 40 Corn, field varieties .'per bu. 0 1.60- .
Onions N.Y......................bbl 5.50 Boxes;2.00 to 2.50 : Ordinary 1.00 to 1.50; Beans,Valentine& Refugee per bu. 2.90\ Sugar, varieties per bu.' 2.25
black ...
.. ......
: peas, eye .bushel' 1.50 Cucumbers Florida boxes, fancy '2.50 to 11 Wax . . perbu. .3.25,1 I Send for .
.*' browneye...................bu 1.25 |gr price-list.
.. day...-................ ...'....bu 1.25 3.00;r Ordinary, 2.00 to 2.50 ; Beans, wax, All Seeds from best in United States and .
", growers Europe.L. 1.50 extra fancy bu. 3.60 to 4.00 Green 3.00
TurnipsN.Y....................bbl 150Beeta. ; .
.........::..................bbl 2.00 to 4.00: Green'and wax, ordinary, 2.00 to CAMERON SEEDSMAN, Jacksonville, Fla.
t> Parsnips......................-....bbl.. 2.50 2.50 ; Peas, extra fancy;bu. 3.00 to 4.00;
.Carrots, ........,.................bbl 2.50 Ordinary, 1.50 to 2.00; Lettuce, N.U.). ------ -----
$6s....:..._ ............. .doz .13 Head, fancy, bbl.. 4.00 to 5.00;_ Ordinary, frost; they'are wanted and fancrwould Bradky RC Ifl4d. Eugene B.ReAftkld.

2.50 to 3.50; 'Florida- Head, fancy bbl., result well Egg plant, 1.50 to 2.25 per ESTABLISHED.187!.

VEGETABLES AND POULTRY 3.00 to 4.00; One-half bbL, 1.50 to 2.00. box; Lettuce, strictly choice hampers
Fancy bu., 1.00 to 1.25; Cauliflowers, 2.00 to 2.50; poor, 1.00 to 1.50. Ship viaNew REDFIELD & SON,
d Corrected Davis& Robinson
by California, fancy, crate, 2.75 to 3.00 ; Ordinary York; thence fast freight.BATTERSON.
Yellow Yams, .,........_.....bush aoto 35 2.25 to.2.5Q Florida bbl. 3.00 to & Co. Commission MerchantsAND
Sweet Potatoes. .......... .......... .25 to .30 ; ; .
Hubbard squash ................bbl 1.50 5.00 ; Egg plants, Florida, fancy, bbl. ,
Lettuce, ......-................._doi ncrdemand.' crates, 4.00 to 4.50. Small crates, 2.00 to New York Retail Market.
.Florida. .... ....;...... to Fruit Auctioneers
t M :Celery. /1/ : .15 .35 3.00 Bo. hampers 1,25 to 1.50: Green and bright-colored hot-house
IC Plantl...*...................bb11.50toz.00 ; ,
Tomatoes_.,.....S.......crates i. oto 2.00 peppers, Florida, box, 1.50 to 2.00; Okra, strawberries find buyers at $2.00 a cup 141 Dock Street,
Sweet Pepper.: ............_bn 1.50 Florida, box, 1.00 to 125.: and well-grown: Lady Thompson! berries, Philadelphia, Pa.
Green Beans,.................. crate 2.00 'SOMERS BROS. & Co. from Florida, neatly laid in oblong splint We handle all kinds of Fruit and Vegetable,
Pumpkin, '............. .....each .05 to .10,
,Kershaws, u.. 1.... .....u..each .03 to .10 baskets holding more than a quart of,the either at private sale(which has heretofore bees
a Parsley ......_..perdos.bunches .*> St. Louis Market. selected fruit, cost 100. Most of the our custom)or by the auction: system (recently
" Green onions,.....per doz. bunches ..15pepper. Oranges-Mexican, 2.50 ; California Florida strawberries have been imma- added to our business)u you may desire
............ ..bushel .'
.hot. 15
Bate,well cured........:.; ,.*5Hens. Navels, 3.00 to 3.75. Cabb ge-Califor. ture lacking in.color,and without much
? .........._._...,._.... -3 nia, 2.00 to 2.50; Florida, 1.75 to 2.00. demand. Some forty boxes of mangoeswere .
Ilooctctt.--' *J5 Tomatoes-Florida, 1.75 to 2.50; California recently received from Jamaica bya
Halfgrown...._.:.._.... ... .2Oto .25 Retail sales
2.00.: to 2.50 wholesale merchant.
Peas-Dorida,2.00 are
Turkeys ...:._...per pound,gross .10
t Ducks....-....._........_.. ..;.. .25 to .30 bushel; California 1.50 per 20-pound box. almost entirely confined to former residents -
Geese. ............................... .35 to .40 Beans-Florida round green, 2.00 per: bu. in the West Indies, \though the QUICK WORK, ,
.........-...perdoz bunches. .as
Leeks Radishes ..............,....perdox nodemand. The experience of the fruit dealers here distinctive fragrance of this- stringy In selling.and paying for Fruits and Vegetables -
- Cucumbers....................crate 2.00103.00 who handle shipments of strawberries fruit tempts occasional buyers to try it shipped to us is our motto. WH
Spinach .....::..........per bushel .75 from'the South during winter and early as a novelty. New- limes are coming GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Cabbage Florida ......*............ .ato ..04Salsify them assert that it is A novel in FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
leads to
from the Bahamas. display ,
.;.......per dozen bunches none. spring, prac- BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
s. Cauliflower.............: .......perbbl 3.00 tically impossible to sell any berries not one of the fruit-stores was a bunch ofgrapefruit by our 40 years experience without default
.. .. .... ...... ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing
Green peas r :, crate 2.00 strictly first-class at any price out of sea- six of the heavy fruits closely
Turnips,...'................... bunch no demand After the ,when stem. Flor and financial stability.which any bank or
clustered on one
Florida Honey... ...pound section .10 son. regular season opens together merchants having mercantile reports can
Pecans,.Florida........ .......pound .08 to .09 all classes of buyers are in the market,all ida russet oranges now sell at wholesalefor verify-then BELIEVE OUR
t New Potatoes.:...............barrel 3.00 to 3 50 sorts of berries can be sold. A 1 firm here $4.00 a box, and "brights" for $4.50, your METHOD name WILL for our quotations.SATISFY YOU.Stencil Send and

,, Water-creu..doz.bunches 25 who had a case of Texas berries on hand though higher price are occasionally cards free. letters promptly answered.
.- all week, and repacked twice during that asked by some foresighted dealers as the

r GAME. time,never had a bid on it. It was a pale end of the season is approaching. Flor- FRENCH CO.,

Quail.,.,...c.,...... ...........each -I0 variety, probably: Mitchell's.Early, and ida grape-fruit! the (desirable; sizes of
?:'' Doves :......:.......:::......... each .os< suffered so badly by comparison with the fifty-four and sixty-two fruits to a box, 116 Warren St., New York.
...................,..each .06 to ..08j Florida berries that it entirely ne. much $13.00 or twenty- ,
was cost as ,
8gnlrrela.: .................... each ,15 to .25 as nearly .. ESTABLISHED 1855.
Wild Turkeys.................. each ,75 to i.oo lected. If the Texans want to succeed m five cents each to the retail dealer. The
Rabbits............._...........each .10 berry culture they must secure such varieties fame sizes -of Jamaiea grape-fruit are
...... as Florida has so much success quoted at $8.00 to $9.W a box. Very

New .York Market with during the winter and early spring. large and extremely small sizes bring

Florida's early tomato crop was badly much less, especially the latter whichare The Rawls-VIiIIiams Company
Oranges The light arrivals from Florida damaged by the freeze. The principal prematurely gathered.-Garaen and : ,

'have sold quite readily at'firm prices shippers in the State write that only a Forest. WHOX4ZSAIaE

Very little demand for tangerines or man few protected escaped, and the next crop I S
darins. Grape fruit scarce; choice! lots cannot marketed before the middle of Market Notes.P. ProduceandCommissibil.COUNTItY

..F command gmteextreme prices., April or later. The cabbage crop, however Ruhlman & Co., say : We have .
r Florida, fanqy, 4.50 to 5.00; usual lots was so far advanced that the injury received this week 842 boxes of Florida

3.50 to '4.00; rassett, prime, 3.50 to 4.00; inflicted was rather light. Shipments, it and 99 boxes of grape fruit. The -.
tangerines Fla. 5.00 to 8.00 ; mandarins, appears, will be larger and regular towards oranges quality and condition is better now thanit PRODUCE AND POULTRY
3.00 5.00()() fruit Florida 6.00 to of March and continuefor a Specialty.
w to ; grape the first has been at any time this season. We JW Domestic and Foreign Fruits in season. 6H

' 16trawberri many. weeks thereafter.P.. quote our best bright oranges at 4.50 to Hay Grain,Flour! and Canned Goods.
The late colds weatherhas M. KncLx.Buffalo : .
sa'ppl 5.00; best russets at 3.75 to 4.00; best STATE AGENT EXCELSIOR MALT.
.cut off and no more berries ---.a..... grape fruit, 10 to 12. Fancy California Honest Returns*Guaranteed same day of sale.

are expected until about March let o .Market navels are selling at 3 to 3.75 as to site ; Consignments solicited. Give ns a.trial
.V tableThe'1at freeze in
' J .i is said to have seriously injured the Buffalo N.Y. Feb. 6.-Tomatoes have choice, 2.50 to 3.25 as to size;' seedlingsat We will be pleased to send you our Quotations
very on application.
2.50 Redlands' 6 to
2 to tangerine,
;. "Florida'vegetables from Winter Haven been arriving a little more freely. Strict-: 7.50 bundle'-Ffuit Trade Journal Offices and Salesroom, 500 and 502 West Bay St.
-V V north,from Tampa down little damage is ly fanC1\i3.oo to 3.50'green' ; etc., 2.60 to I per Warehouses F.C.&P.Yards,Jacksonvttie.Bo.,
; reported. Arrivals here have decreased : \ that it is policy to California celery is now beginning to

and;; show very irregular quality,,'man ship. Fancy cucumbers, 1.00 to 1.25; move quite freely.' This stock comes to
};lot;of beans,having been badly frosted, fair to good, 40 to 70 cents. Fancy string the East in the rough and is cleaned and I I flower which simply grows to perfection
tthe..egg plants often spotted and the to- beans, green, 2.00 to 2.50 per bu.; fiat crated after its arrival., The White in that State. Their Winningstedt cabbage

"Inatoee> sometimes chilled.- Prices of all green and wax 1.50 to L00per bUt All.Plume celery is indeed the first celery. is also giving splendid satisfaction.In .

kinds have varied,widely the scarcity of that are in poor order much less. Strawberries grown, and has become very popular. fact it is now the best stock that can

,. .

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J )'.:'.1. ; ,.,( <" ,':: sBeJ'LOBIDAri'RV1lRI.A1m.DumGROWD.FEBRUAR; i 13,:. '<"

J .:IIIkLL. -
: 'f' '
-.iff.ft* ;,."'. 4 --.._rit: will' .have full sway. Rates'of Interest Upon Farm Mortgages -
'.=,;:.., Sully, thousand can around iij.-the United States. Successful .

n : ...ijr'of Los Angeles readY' for 1lany.misinformed: have 1
_d large 'shipments are nowt persons
State.We'are quoting ,this declared in their lamentations as to

.Y'', iin'tngetadt cabbage at'40 cents the alleged wrongs of farmers that
of fruits berries
s per handled;r cauliflower, 40 cents per even money lenders, charge'greater growers ,

r doses, and.celery. 25 cents ,per dozen.- .rates ,of interest for money loaned I and all kinds of vegetables,
The Fraitman'a Guide.cauliflower. CN r: n
4*'& L I upon lands occupied as farms than for know thatthelargestyields and -.
'F i was
1 per express
gonomUy ,ingood; condition, and sold that loaned upon other kinds of real I best quality are produced by

r well at prices ranging from 2.50 to'4.00 estate. So much has been said rela- the liberal of .fertilizers t
er basket;'as to quality. Considerable tive to this subject that it becomes a I use "

':' 1 ClJifeaiad cauliflower is being offered, duty to present in indubitable,shaj.e .containing, at least '10% of

but values are low, 2.50 to 3.50 per crate the facts and figures regarding iiiter- Shortest, Qaickesf, Most Attractive .

ruling.. est.upon farm land loans. Actual Potash.Without '
in this 'ROUTE
w t iflorida lettuce was good receipt .
The rate of interest
charged on
weeks' about. seven carloads .having arrived BETWEEN .
: per express: Prices were good and mortgages upon homes-that is, residential the liberal of Pot- FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH '
,fafrom'2.00 ,to 2.50 per basket and property other than farms- use THU .

} ,akto( .3-50 per,barrel averages throughout the United ,Stateseightyfour ash on sandy soils, it is impos-
Florida Central and Peninsular
..... -
., one-hundredths of i sible to fruits berries and
percent grow ,
"* lrYoL I, of The Tampa Bay News,
twin sister, of the St. Augustine News less than the rate of interest vegetables of a quality that will NEW THROUGH ROUTES.

George 8. ,Wilson, editor, comes to our charged upon farm loans. In seven command therbest.prices.. New York to Jacksonville by
table. The editor deserves great praise teen States the average rate chargedon New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Wash-
.the indomitable and conscien- AH about Potash-the results of its actual experiment and Ington Southern Hallway to
for energy the latter loans is less than that
on the best farms in the Unite States-is Northern Columbia, Florida! Central &:;
: tiotsneM with' which he works through demanded for loans other Homes told in a little book which we publish and will gladly Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
the dreary-mass ,of society small talk, upon Bail free to any farmer America who will write for it. points In Florida.
". trying-his best to: give every' beau and and residential property. In two GERMAN KALI WORKS, Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati
eVer q lle'and''very ugly' old dowager States the rates are the same on urban 03 Nassau St..New York. tion by Queen & Crescent,'
; Harriman Junction to Asbevilleand -
of "Vanity'Fair11- new turn of compli- and rural real estate. In Pennsylvania Asheville & ) Columbia by Southern
mentary'pnrasinjr. Needless say that Maryland Virginia West Vir- Railway and Florida
the typographical execution is perfectit -. FAIRyIEWJ.PINERY.Choice Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular Columbia -
-high-water mark in printing. ginia, Kentucky, Michigan, Wisconsin J to Jacksonville.

...... Iowa, :and Kansas, and in Texas Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Jacksonville to Chattanooga byCincinnati .

and Alabama the rates; of interest are . and Southern R'y to Ever-
;$1000 In Gold. Florida}etto,Florida Central & Peninsular
less secured farm
upon money by 1 Limited. to all important.Florida
To be given away to subscribers mortgages than they are in those States points.

What to Eat whose subscriptions are received money.secured by other realty.In Pineapple Kansas City Kansas City, Fort Scott &:;
before'March 4, 1897. Send ten and Memphis R.It to Kansas ,

oenta for sample copy and full particulars. five States, including Kansas, Jackso'villeThro' Ito to Birmingham Everette, .Fla.,Southern Central li'y'&

.' What to Eat is the most artistic,' the difference in favor of the farmeris Plants Line Peninsular to all Fla. points.

attractive and instructive magazine pubU.hed from one-fourth to one-half of i' Louis to Jacksonville by
in the ,interest of the home and -I Q FOR SAL;. Q-- 1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
1 per cent per annum, and in, Texas it Holly Sp'gsRoute. Central to Holly Bp'gs, . Address: is City, :Memphis & Birmingham -
WHAT TO EAT, over i percent to Birmingham,Sou.
; Minneapolis, Minn. The agriculturist is not discrimi Smooth Cayenne!! Home Grown !II!. j R'y to Everette and F. C.&P.
... Sioux City &Chicago to Jacky -
.* nated against as compared with any sonville. Ill. Cent. to Holly
*At4hetobaeco; grower's; conventionylaetmeethtaxnational other class of citizens when he comes liT Sp'gsRoute... } K., C. M. & B. to B1r-
ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY. mingiam) Sou. R'y to Ever-
:! tobacco growers'ftBBoeiation.waa borrow money. But if the Western ette and the F.C. & P.
organized and Major J.B. farmer does a somewhat I Louis'ille&Nash'ille to Hive
Briggs of Kentucky and Winter Haven pay F.. N. PRICE New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
of interest than he would
rate ,
jWM jflleated.president Prof. Hoodie was higher To }route with through sleepers'Jaeklo'ville
II between New Orleans and-
iltcttid'vieepresident i by acclamation as have to, pay in the East, so does P. O. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA. Jacksonville.The -

,jraa D. "8.: tWilliams' ,of. Ocala for.secretary. the Western merchant, lumberman, F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track. in

banker, common 'carrier, or manufacturer Florida running through the -
A. < Tobacco ,
The Mormons since they went to Utah, also have ,to pay a higher rate HOME ,GROWN Stock Fanning and Dairy Section, "
forty years ago, have spent on church and than in the ---:. --' Peacn and Strawberry Lands, r
: engaged same
persons Banana and Pineapple Country.
$lfee.$6a0,900,0o0. This> they have made Orange
1 Aland where there is rainfall business nearer the money centers. Phosphate Belt. ,
.fat f\ no Pineapple Slips Hat the Silver Spring and
t l'iSoath'is' a far better land, nearer tofeai&t During the last ten years in the Other fine Scenery _
and.capable of greater results if Western States there has been The Great Hunting Country. .
a steady Beaches the Noted fishing Ground.
and SUckers'
y fqwil,industry,,economy,and good mangement maintenance of land values in nearly . Has the best lands for, tillage, greatest vari
% ,is, practised. "It may even be ety of soils in the State and above all
,times. sections and in some an enhance-' Of the Following Varieties
-'UfUeateclmany ) Runs over the Central Ridgeland
y ment of the prices of land. Between Where It Is High and Healthy.
: Do:not get. in the way of looking upon 1880 and 1890 the increase of farming- SALE Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
Abe garden+ only as a place for growingbbagee Rod : the best freight facilities for any produce to _
and potatoes. It is not much land values, as reported by the occupants the Northern markets. .

roubie to keep it' in nice shape if laid of the farms themselves, was ABBAKA/PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN' free Send) and also note for the the towns best on map its!route.A.O.MACDONELL.G.P.A Florida. (sent

,out properly at the start, and it may beiilade more than enough to offset the entire QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN,RIPLEY ,
ax. inviting part of one's grounds. interest charge for the decade in most Jacksonville Fla. '
Jasirue of.a country place or of al ,
Y l ;lot Let the walks be laidout of the agricultural States of the West NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH. The Fla Cent. & Peninsular R. R.;
regular: 1 ,.and with borders of flowers and South. In Kansas and Nebraskathe

:;ar.>lrtut. .' 'increase of land values jn that Apply to Offers to Shippers

tWbile! .most farmers are agitating the period of time exceeded the entire G. 0. MATTHAMS, The Shortest and Quickest Route

question'how to protect their trees and farm incumbrance, principal and inter- Florida Pineapple Company, I BETWEEN

crops from the rabbit pest, others are est. In the States of Washington and
ntofmMnc j the advisability,of breeding40mW.4orthe Or to FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
California it twice
was nearly as greatas
: ] ,market. Some eighteen ,MADDOCK & MATTHAMS, THE EAST AND 'WEST. .
tons of dressed rabbits were recently the combined principal and interest With Improved Ventilated Cars,this com
In fact where the interest was West Palm Beach Fla pany is better equipped than ever ever to
e' into the London market. : handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops and
highest the increase in value wasgreatest. i insure close connections and prompt despatchto -
..ejeral Weyler still gaining victo-
all Eastern and Western Markets.
-rie 'e, insurgents (on paper), and .-Report of the Secretary of INFORMATW! Through oars to 4estinatlon with.

t GQJNI and Rivera are making progress Agriculture. Worth It's Weight 0 lD! out ohange or delay. .- .
w "Havana. The recognition of the ,---' :.*-- For your name and address on a postal card,.e Perishable freight followed by wire and
ihflfi0ntB, 'either as belligerents or: of will tell yon bow to mate the best wire fenceon shippers advised time passing various Junc-
Mr. Raymond Cay is not only engaging earth horse-high,bull-strong and tion and arrival at destination.
dependence, by this governmentBangs in the business in' ne-tieht.tthectuM! wholea&1eeos'Ulwtre. claims for overcharges and loss prompt-
t. ''fire.; The .insurgents are stronger R tse man Broa. nos.Ridgevtlte. ind. ly adjusted. '"'

r ,a44Bore.determined on independence Wakulla county, belt he is also testing .. See that your goods are :mal'ked'via

:; pcf nth.,than a year ago, and Spain is the lands down there which are saidto F. C. &,P. R. R.

{, ,;poorerand.leu able to cope with then. be specially adapted to "fruit-grow A MONEY MAKERthe dentl For<
.. tluS.rol'll1aUon'; of a. State organiza- berta peaches and Japan plums, and and how to make money from poultry 1mI' W. B. TUCKER Gen.A' 't.Orlando, Fla
New PoultryCuldefor I 897. o.H.HOLDBN,Trav A*got.
: Leesbursr! Fla,
irf ;u. ;contemplation a 'will add considerably to his farm' next tftKOV|print *in colors:beet plane for W.R.lI'ULLER.Tray A'JJ't. .
[- ,The concensus opinion was that I' "yoy try toos.;sore remedies and redpee Or N.8. ON,' Manager,
fall. Some of his young trees will Sent for 16o.won write now.'
Jk uld raise ci 1l1' or
,., AO as good p-, .. t rr rt,%D.. Jacksonville,FlaW ;
awe/Cuba. I bear fruit this., year. ,T; lahassee n. IOU JAUiiass;,tr.. *si. .,-; ... ',H. PLLt 2 TS, General Jzetrht: --

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Special PreparationsOLIDA '

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THEY are SOLE Agents for Jokstone' of Washington, the Finest Engraver '

i I'the: Country. If- you are:in need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announce:

/" ; ', .mentSi write to us for samples and prices. .' '

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K'. j y ,* Printing and Book Binding a Specialty! ,. .: :
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1NR SALE 'Two Leon county farms,! 8o acres ANIMAL MEAL. To irate hens---:- : -
: ,: WINTER: HAVEN NURSERIES *: and 390 aces Excellent for stock raising and BOWSER'S grow. Our little book the I
.. tobacco growing. W.B. Oarkson,Jacksonville, Egg tells an about 1f. :E. W. AMSDEN,
,: Fla. 8.24-U 9-i9-tf Onaond Fits

-' ':\ Q, tktir riae Stock of. CITRUS TUES at :Reduced Prices. !

-I;. j _, .T"' : TBEES-I WILL HAVE WIRE NETTING, best goods for the least
.,....21'.. ,"" -( ,,j"-:7".' ., "' NURSERY of the most popular varietiesfor money. Write for latest price list. E. W.
B > delivery this fall and winter. Send in your A1MV SDEN, Ormond, Fla., 9-i9-tf
." .Carson Brown:Ruby,Amoiy, Jafia Bloods-. Michael Jafla, Wash. -Navels, orders now,and be sure to get what you want.

; ';Ta*!,'DanoyKltig! : Tangerines, Villa Franca Lemons. Pric s and particulars on application. W. K. GRASS P ASP ALUM PLA.
Trimble Braidentowo, Manatee County, Fla; (
f r-T Triumph Marsh Seedless Thornless i2-26-tf LOUISIANA) for lawns and permanent
; : i Silver Clnster Pomelos. grass

; f. At $25.per 100, f. o. b. ; 10 per cent off on 500 lots. NO EQUALS IN THE STATE. SATSUMA centsperhundredpostagepald." by POWERS; 35
w trees on sweet stock, Hart's Late. Dancy Lawtey Fla.

..' All trees are budded loon rough lemon. about 1| inch diameter. Buds Tangerines and. Parson Brown, budded Limiterstock. low

4J to.6 feet high,first class m every respect and guaranteed true-to name. trained. to Write H.4 to FRIEDLANDER.7 fret nigh. In- WANTED A LARGE trees QUANTITY on sour stock OF 3 CHI-or 4 -

14 Address, RICHARD TTTKMM, Winter Haven, Fla. terlachen, Fla. 1 -lo-lS years old. Also some Lemon trees on trifoliata
a stock. State price and particulars.
TREE8.-CARNEY. PARSON Is- -8 Box 1294, New Orleans ta.PUOENIX .
.. Relative Values of Bone or Phosphate tt -A-WORD" COLUMN. NURSERY Grape Fruit budded low on
F sour stock at very reasonable prices. NTJBSEBIES.-A CHOICE SE- '
--t Rock. 6 mos C. GOMPERTS, Lady Lake,Ela. .
___ Citrus Trees at bottom prices, No
f RATES.-Twenty words name and address back numbers. Fourteen years in the business.
The question is,often! asked whether SALE OR EXCHANGE.-A Fine Bear .
te one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. Noth- FOR Send for price list before buying.
the phospate in rock is as valuable as Orange Grove-a south aide lake fronta PH mx NURSERIES,
ing taken for less than cents.
25 railroad front, and one mile from town. .Also 126-13 Braidentown, Fla.
that from bone whether it is
or equally
Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- fine vegetable and strawberry land. Send for
; a available.: is i generally supposed! that paid. circulars. Address Postoffice Box No. 13,

available? phosphate is phosphate in a Send no stamps larger than two cents. I 16 12 Lakeland,Polk Co., t la. Eon SALE.-TWO Seedlings.THOUSAND One hundred THRIFTY Cherry

i condition for the plant to appropriate, Initials and figures count as one word. ? I HAVE THEM I All the best kinds. Laurel-fine evergreen. A nearly new ice-egg
a because it is soluble .in water, and the FIGS Cassava. Write for prices.M. Incubator. A. J. ALDRICH,

plant drinks in its food through the little EGGS FOR HATCHING LIGHT BRA- CHESEBRO,Plnmmers,Fla.EGGS 1236-8 Orlando,Fla.
and Plymouth Rocks, bred for utility.
fibrous roots which'reach out for it. .
The Rural New Yorker answers the ,. Lady Lake, Fla. Eggs, (Forsyth and Amsden strain]) I FOR Fruit Seedlings, also Seedbed Seed .
question, and the following descriptionof delivered f.o. b.Jacksonville, at $1.00 per 13; $2 lings that will increase ten-fold in two years with
FOB HATCHING Silver Spangled : M. CHESEBRO. proper care.-Seminole Nursery,
the action of the two kinds should be EGGS per 50.
.1 one dollar for fifteen; Rose Comb Plnmmers, Duval Co.,Fla. Fort Meade, Fla. i-a-5 V.B. WEBSTER.
preserved by eVeJ farmer or horticulturist White leghorns, one dollar for fifteen. Thor- Stocks.
BUDS Lemon
using.chemical fertilizers: Generally oughbred stock. J. W. MASSEY SPLENDID on Rough '
USE A FERTILIZER FOR PROFIT. Don't Have to wait a lifetime t
Mount Dora, Fla. YOU
speaking, and for most plants, we prefer 2-13-3 thousands who the last twenty to get an income. J. P. DONNELLY.Mt. .
fine ground ,bone to any other form of' l OR SALE.-GENUINE VINELESS'ORBunch years COMPANY'S have Celebrated used THE High-Grade FERTILIZER Special Mix 1-2-6 .Dora,Florida.milOROUGlIBRED .

phosphoric acid. The bone is a porous, Yam Seed Potatoes by W. J. HUS tures have proven their value. Prepared espe- MAMMOTH LIGHT
organic subtance, and in time, all its TON,Candler, Fla. Price,.|i per crate. 2-13-3 dally for Vegetables, Trees and.Vines Florida JL Brahma Cockerels and Pullets, $1.00 to 200.
acid will be utilized by the soils. Write them at Jacksonvile. Fla. 123 6 Plymouth Rock Pallets, f 1.00 each. Prom prize
rock is
a ground
phosphate O not injured the least by the last freeze,with OR SALE OR EXCHANGE.-A new 200EgrIncubator 6 mos Lady Lake, Fla.TD .
or dissolved by: acid, the phosphoric thermometer as low as twenty. Address F and Brooder. Address "D,"
acid'becomes soluble, and is then FRIEDLANDBR.. tf Care of Farmer and Fruit Grower. EAUTIFUL PLANTS.-Nlghtblooming Queen
a valuable other soluble 2-13-0 Interlachen Fla.WHITE JL> Cereus, 25C; .California grown Calla Lily
just as
any PEKIN DUCK EGGS for HAtch. Bulbs warranted to bloom this season,2OC,plants
phosphoric acid, whether it be producedby KAFFIR CORN QUART 25 IMPERIAL of 13 for$2.00;three settings for 3oc Zanzavarina,150: Strobilanthus, 150; Ota-
dissolving bones or bone black. Thatis by man. Cassava seed. White and $5.00. Address MRS..MARY KLEMM, heite Orange. 2oc; California Violets, loc.2-year -
not, however,'a fair comparison, since Barred PI)mouth Rock Eggs, 81.00 for 12; $i 50 2-6-6 s Winter Haven, P1*. olds, 2%; Lady" Campbell Pink Oleander same price Carnations; Lantana! -
it is not in the soluble for 24 A. J'. STYLES, Phillips, Fla. "Sunrise isc; Hundreds 15c; ,
r form that the LATE AND PARSON BROWN ice; Spotted-l aef Begonia, 150. of oth-
phosphoric acid is used by the .plant. 2-13-3 HART'S and Buds. Wiite for prices eta ers. RUMLEY'3 ROSE GARDEN

This soluble phosphoric acid must first PEACHES PLUMS & OTHER FRUITS; 123 If W. H. MANN, Mannville, Fla. Keuka Lake. Pit

".revert" or assume a form in which it ,'etc. Low prices to close

.Will no' longer dissolve in water before season.2-13-3 SUMMIT Montlcello NURSERIES, Fla.,

the plant will utilize it., The chances are
that this reverted phosphate will not be WANTED, 4,000 BUDDED ORANGE THE LAKELANDC. NURSERIES
_ Crape-Fruit, 1.000 Tangerines.State
as available as the bone. The chief valueof age and kind of stock,variety and age of ,
a soluble phosphate is that, by being bud,stating lowest price, delivered.
dissolved in water it can be more evenly 2-13-4 B. H. MOTE,Leesburg, Fla.

distributed the soil. Yon M. MARSH Proprietor.
through might ARGAIN.-47 ACRES OF LAND, 10 .. >..
mix,with a pailful of bran, a pint of fine, B cleared, 7 in orange trees, horse, imple-
dry Rait; that would be like mixing fine ments;etc., ready for immediate use; house and -
bone with t the soil. Take another pail- out-buildings. Boat and rail transportation.
Suitable for Tobacco: or any other crop.
ful of bran, dissolve a pint of salt in E'V.BOWIE Pomona (Putnam county),Fla. Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
water and let it soak all through the 2-13-1 .+ r

bran. When it dried, the salt would bq WAN TED.-BELT.ABLE

:more thoroughly mixed than in the other CANVASSERS -profitable business. ,Expenses .

case pens, when and this.would a superphosphate represent or what soluble hap-- THE advanced references.FARM to ORCHARD parties Address who NURSERIES can furnish satisfactory General NurseryTHE Stock.

t phosphate is used and the water soaks it 2-13-4 Glen St. Mary, Fla.
all through the soil. The advantages in

favor of the dissolved rock are that the NURSERY STOCK a few thousand AND BUD Orange WOOD.,Lemon LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF

phosphoric acid is. somewhat 'cheaper, and Grape Fruit trees for sale. Prices from 15 to
r ,and that it is more perfectly distributed : 25 cents each.Beueview&F. D.WAITE,Magnolia -
through the soil disadvantages are I Nurseries Fla. 2-13-tf
Lemon lime and Trees
that, after it reverts in,the' soil, some of EXCHANGEE-BUDDED CITRUS Orange, e ,
it goes into insoluble 'compounds; that, and budwood in exchange for pure
rule like- blooded Plymouth Rocks and Brown leghorn
as a superphosphates are more
fowls. F. D.WAITE Belleview Fla. 2-13-tf We Make a Specialty of
Iv to become sticky and lumpy, while

their continued and heavy use might, on BRILLIANT CHANCE--A BEARING
some soils, give a tendency-to sourness or ,inside the limits of the rap SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT. TREES..
idly-growing town of St. Petersburg,will be sold -
too much acid. .
low on account of owner's death., Address BOX
524},Jacksonville, Fla. '
It has been estimated that the trade
MAMMOTH BRONZE TURKEYS,CORNISH Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees, if fine trees and bedrock *
Created for cottonseed lard has found sale Black LangBhans. Hen prices will do it. We have twenty five varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour .

for 70,000,000 pounds of cottonseed oil in Egg $1.00 per dozen; Turkey$ Grapefruit,, Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Boots as follows; ,. ,
} 123 5 MRS.W. H. MANN, Mannville, Fla. -
one year. This displaced the lard of at "

least 1,000,000 hogs_a year.A CALLA LILY BULBS-California grown ORANGES. LEMONS. ...
large, 20 cents, free by man. Plantsin
hen's bath tub is a box of dry earth. 8-inch pots for Easter blooming,so cents.RUMLEY'S Danoy Tangerine.. Eureka(seedleta'Y) ;v;
seedless Belair Premium and Genoa. ,% r .
Fla.I I Satsuma( ) f
The hen cleans herself with dirt i ROSE GARDEN Kenka, King, -' .

An Iowa farmer has raised 215 bushels Mandarin. POMELO or aR PEFR ui.. .- \

of corn-on an acre. f THOSE WHO CONTEMPLATE+ King Kumquats Tangerine.(oblong and round).. '. Harsh OAAJI1 eaa. .. {.'- :;.;"&

Excelsior. '1:,?:
either for BubyBiood.
Melons market home
use salon bqy their seed of me. I have all varieties Joppa Late,(Seedless) -, Aurantlum (sweet. rind)- '<,%
,and to those purchasing of me I furnish ,Pineapple. .
All the leading varieties at Lowest Prices, Cir- full directions growing,giving each purchaserthe Valencia Late. LIMES. -.?:, '
ney Parson Brown, Sanford' Medt. Sweet.Paper benefit of my fifteen years in Melon Growing.. Parson Brown i: Tahiti(seedless) .
Rind St. Michael,Pierces' Ruby,- Jaffa, Pineapple Monticello,Fli. W. M. GIRARDEAU. Michael(Sanford's Blood). (paper rind)
Majorca, Cunningham Homosassa 'aDdHart' -- MISCELLANEOUS.
.} Late Pernambnco, Improved. Triumph, Hart*Tardlff, (-Sanford's).
Walters,Everett and Marsh's Seedless Centennial. Japanese Peaches, Plums, Chestouta andBoon's
GrapeFruit FRUIT TREES, VINES, Early. Persimmon Treet.Ked1terraneanSweet8 .
,Satsuma, and VA11 fine -
Tangerine King
(Sanford's.) Strawberry and Pineapple Plant<< etc. -
sg one year old buds, on four and five year old fLlmudNUTTREES. ,
Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock _Will .
't bud dormant on contract to any varieties parties For Southern Orchards Gar- For descriptive catalogue and.price-list, apply toC.
? Q 'may desire: Pine Kumquat Budwood for sale.1 L dens and Groves. No agents.- -
v Correspondence solicited. Address C. w. Fox, Write for price list. M.i:8B: : ,
Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park. Lake JENNINGS NURSERY CO., -

.. Co.,Fla.. 9-96-35 Thomuvillt Ga. : '-. -' IaIcelUI'da
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."@* The magificent. Steamships, of, this line are appointed/ to sail .as. ; L Illlt ti4k 1,

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s _, Pier 34,North IUTer..3 P.')1' j
City of Birmingham........... .......=.... ..... ....i............. .......'.... ..Saturday,Jan. :2 j01
La Grande: Duebe .e.....;..: ........... .....................-,......'''J''......Tuesday, Jan. 5 .
It sa', ,City of Augusta.............,!..t....................,, ..............................Thursday Jan.; r z' ...
Kansaa City....*.............. .................... ....;.... .:..;..............Saturday, Jan tl.9 Qs 1,
.: City of Birmingham...........;..,............. ;. ..................... ... Tuesday Jan.IJ; .1'p
T La Grande Ducheike ,.;......;. ...:.............'...........;..................Thursday, Jan. 14 1 ,
City of.Augusta.....".:.....:......................... .. .:....................Saturday, Jan.Kaniaa 16 '
City.. ........ .. ...:......... ..*...:\.... ........-... .............. Tuesday, Jail. 19 jvfa
City of Blrmlncham...... .... .._........,....,..................................Thursday, ran zi 1 f -
La Grande Dachesse,......,..... ..., ............... ... .... ....Ln.......... Saturday Jan. 2.f
City of Augusta...... ... ', ........'....;....,.......................................Tuesday,Jan. 26 *Q ..,.
: Kansas City.......,.,...................................i.. .... .......... ......Thursday,Jan. 28 if -
City of Birmingham..... .i............ .............................:..?Saturday,Jan. 30 -. 't -.. ;: :
G. M. SORRELL Manager, New.Pier No.35,.North River: ....'- ".


;i. iNacoorhee .....i.. .........-,........'Lewis'...........Tviiarf-S..............p...' .M........................i.Friday, Jan. 1 1Chattahoochee. 1 -SAFETY! COMFORT QUICK-TIME! LOW% RATES I k' ,

'' .......... ........... ... ..................................u...........MoridajrJan.4 4 I -
Tallahassee........................:........!!..... ..........-:.....................Thursday. Jan. ;7 vFinetl
Nacoochee ......................?........_...................................Wednesday Jan. ii Cuisine and Service. No'X.a'I'llelll'een JacJttonvllle and New York. .
""''Chattahoochee... .... .....;......u..u........n..u..n. .....Saturday,Jan. H ....
Tallahassee..... .,*,....'...........;... ........,,........................ ............Tuesday,Jan. 19 The Fleet is composed of following. Handsome New.Steel Steamers: ,_
Nacoochee........................................................ ........:.......Monday Jan. 25;
_' .. ... ...............,......;..... ............Thursday.Jan.z: I "Comanclie" (new) "Algonquin Iroquois "Cherokee "Seniaol/ _
ChattahoocheeRICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents Lewis's Wharf.- I ', '",,:. .

PHILADELPHIA TO 'SA V 'NNAH. (Direct,) .. .. .:;:2 j4!.
Pier.30, Delaware Avenue P. AI, ; NORTH BOUND. : : :

Gate STEAMER: ..........!.... ... ,...... ........ ............,I..t.*.....i.>*.,*........ TUCSQSyt Jan.5 4 Steamers are a ,pointed to sail according toHhe tide. _
City of Macon ,. ...................... .... ...n...........t....................Sunday, Jan. ic > '
Gate Clt,..'......, ........."'.............. .,..,...........................;. ....Friday,Jan. 15 From JACKSONVILLE,'FLA., (calling at.Charleston),.._..... ......_..SundaysTuesdaystndThnredaya. ;,
City of Macon...t..........,..;......................".!.':...... ...i.............Wednesday,Jan.'zc Krom CHARLESTON, S. C., ....................... ,.1... ......11. Mondays Wednesdays and Friday. :
I Gate ......*......1.\".................1... .,.... ......., ... ..... Monday, Jan. Zr ;
1' Clt1.of Macon... ...;.......i.........................., ........ .i.. ;.,...,rr.Saturday, Jan. jc For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston dally papers
M. C. HAMMOND Agent, 13 South Third Street. SOUTH BOUND. >

'.. Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River. New York at 3 p.m., as follows:
k Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below.. r.
: City of Augusta..Saturday, Jan. a, S 30 p. La Gr'de Duchesse..Tuesday,Jan. 19, S 30 p m.. CHARLESTON, S. C., .-.......h.. ................!...............Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
+ Kansas City.: ,.....Tuesday, Jan.5,7.00 p.m.1 City of Augusta.....Thursday, Jan. 21,600 p. m For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) ..................Mondays,'Wednesdays and Fridays i
S City of Birm'gh'm.... Ths'day, Janr 7,9 30 a. Kansas City.......Saturday, Jan.'23,700 p.m. ,
La! Duchesse..Saturday Jan. 9,n.oo a. m. City of Birm'gh'm.. .Tuesday,Jan 26,12 oo noonCityofAuguta..Tuesday '
Jan. 12, lop. m. Freight .
La Gr'de Duchesse..Thursday J
r' Kansas City........ Thursday Jan. 14, 3 oo p. m an.2.,230p.m. ,
'ir City of Birm'h'm... Saturday, Jan. 16, 4.30 p. m. City of Augusta .. ..Saturday,Jan.30, 4 30 p. m. Calling at Charleston, S. C., both ways -


Central ((00..Meridian).Time-as below. *appointed to sail as follows:
TaUahassee............Priday. Jan. i,4 30 p. m. Nacoochee....;.......Tuesday, Jan. Iq, 6 30 p. m rom foot of Hogan Street, Jacksonville, From Lewis' Wharf, Boston, _.....
11 Nacoochee... .......Thursday,Jan.7, 7.m p. m. Chattahoochee........Friday Jan. 22, 700 p. m. THURSDAYS. FRIDAYS. ..
Chattahoochee.........Sunday, ro, 9 oo a. m. Tallahassee.........Monday, Jan. 25, JO 00 T -
Tallahassee.......WedD sday, Jan. 13, z 00 p.m. acooche!:..... .......Sunday,-Jan:31, 5 00 a. m. M


Central ((90! Meridian) Time-as below. ... ;
.. City of Macon.....,. ,Tuesday, Jan. S, coo p. tt I Gate city.........Wednesday Jan. 20, 7.00 p.m. DE BARY LINE. ..,
Gate City..............Sunday, Jan ro,9 00 a. m. I City of Macon.......Monday, Jan. 25 ii.oo a. m. and Intermediate :
t City of Macon ......FridayJan. IS, 4.00 p. m.'| Gate City...... ..Saturday, Jan.'30,4.30. p. tn. Jac7csonvillef Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise.Fla.,
WALTER HAWKINS Fla. P.A., W. J. FARRULL. Sol. Agt., Landings, on the St. Johns lilver. *
Jacksonville, Florida. "
W. E. ARNOIJ>,, G.T. P. A., C. G.ANDERSON- AGENT t.-t ,.. The Elegant Iron- Side-Wheel, Steamer -
Savannah. Ga : .
& Is appointed to sail as follows: '

r Leave Jacksonville.......u.........,.. Sundays,Tuesdays and'thursday.'at3030.P.m "
4 WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., Returning. Leave Sanford 9 co a.m., and. Enterprise 9.30 a.m ..Mondays, Wednesdays NORTHBOUND.ana Fridays.


Seeds and Fertilizers Leave Read 3.30 Down/p. m, .........................SCHEDULE..Jacksonville........... ,..-...u. Arrive Reid 2.00 Up.a. m. 1
} Grain Garden S04S p' m. ... .....:............ .;.. Palatka..1................ ....... Leave 8.oop.m.
ct .3,00 a. m. ...........:.............. ,.'-.Astor.......................... I'. -.oop.m.
;. 4.30 a, m' .............................. St. Frands..../.................... lo3OP. m, .
:Co a _a.T BA'7 .'1.'., IAOK oz vIZLEs 1'x&. ....a.,,............ ........u........_...... Beresford .IIUIN.I./MUN.a1HH rzAOnoon "
Arrive 8.00. a. m. .................... ...SanCord.........._........._ 9.00a.m.
A u 9.25 a. m. .................... .... Enterprise................... ...... 9 30 a. rn
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of

General. Passenger i,and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jackflonville- '

Hay Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, ." .,

and Dark. A.J. COLE, Cen.Pass uger Agent.5 Bowling Green, New York. '' .
Cotton Seed Heal Both Bright M. H. CLYDE Assistant Traffic' injf Green, New York. .
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowing Green, New York. ,- ._ :1-: f'"
I F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, F1 Y. -r.;..
STATS AGSNTS FOR 7 PURE GROUND BONE JOHN L. HOWARD Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,JtcksoaYffle,Fla, ".,. 1"
J. .A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Strttt.lac onYille.F1a. ;"

Tjjeri-Illen PerHliier Co. NITRATE SODA, WM., p CLYDE & CO., Genl Agents,: ;<

Star Brae Fertilizers,' MURIATE OF POTASH, 19 South! Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowline GreeD New York -.


.f i most productive kinds for the South; tJi&HTNlN(5'F
'.J8'Yr88 Iud Vegetable KAINIT,. Eto 2nd New Queen. Thorbnrn Early Hebron, U.MPS AIR
I Early Norther Burpee's Extra Early.
_.....: UJSEB. Prices very low.Free pamphlet.: "HE AS C* Wf
-s PerU sera aft no snpertor ta Un[market tad i trial trill coatlace. Crop I- JNO.C. PEAJICB. & Co. "*
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',-, Home. -1'tade Manure---Sowing,Seeds. yard,and see what the result will b&.JWe 1 And. we- would add, supplement the ness'with fine,. mellow-soil,- and--never, .
are confident that it will be the saying barnyard manure by producing cereal, especially during the act of germinating,
Daring the of in
February, many to you, of ,many a Jiaard-earned, dollar potato or cotton crops (and particularlyon allow the seedbed to become.dry as the
parts of,the South the farmer and garsuer when the harvested'.next ; 'sandy land) with cow or beggar little when formed
once too
crops are : year, peas germs are
T' (l will,be: the soil and
; busy preparing
and you will l' never again feel like neglecting weed. fine and tender to stand and drouth;
seeds.Many .- %
planting* .his ?, this work. HUMUS IN THE BOIL therefore it takes but a short time to de
four readers for the first time, Money is saved by diligent .work in needs to be kept before the Southern stroy them.: '

possibly, will make the attempt at a manufacturing tons of barnyard man re. fanner's eyes until be gives his land the Seeds, as well as young seedlings, re. '
family garden; others will make the second This can be-done by save fill of it, and then he will be able not quire careful attention, and nursing,well
or. third attempt, ,.haying failed in both the liquid and solid droppings of all only to make a ,living, but have a cash prepared seedbeds above all, if pos
'. their former efforts. :It may'have been his stock,'and supplementing them with and farm
surplus, a constantly growing sible, shelter against heavy showers and .
from' want of the, proper'preparation.. of everything on his farm which he can better.,. Such a course will bnng about excessive rays of the sun. '
the sbiV lack. of fertility, sowing too gather,with all the forest leaves he can the "New South."
":;-, early,or too deep,' ,or, lack of vitality of get,"and which may be turned ,into the If sown at the right time, properly
When the
the seed 'other reason. It takes ground properly preparedand taken of and watered
or some very best food for his crops.. care wnen necessary
much thinking and a great deal of care, The barnyard manure is the best, and thoroughly} manured the vegetable there will be no such thing as a
,... and much diligence to succeed We re- the diligent farmer should only be con grower will ,find the following suggestions failure.Southern Euralist,
: work from' the Southern Gardener help- ......_
peat suggestions necessary to tent to have the best., ------ ---;
:<.' success; :.. First, the food for, the plants The elements' of fertility! in the soil ful: Is cotton seed meal valuable food for
must be in the soil If you have neglected should be brought out of it by the labor There are some,gardeners who will, fowls? Let us have the experience

,_ J, .. t411' important .matter for. 'this year, of the farmer bestowed in an intelligent in spite of the unfavorable weather, sow \those who-have tried it. ": x
'' preparing the home-made manures, you and systematic way;"and it can be done. and afterwards complain of the seed be
,will be compelled to use commercial fertilizers Stir the soil, if necessary, ten times in- cause it failed to come up. Others, again, .Cotton-seed meal is a poor ,hog, food,
r- ; but the more yon have ,of'the stead of once, plowing a trifle deeper at sow and leave the seed to take care of itself nay,more,'itJs dangerous. ;t',
r -'< '';'-- .home-made( .-manure, the better results each breaking up of the sod.. Haveaneightinch ; never thinking of watering or protesting The American Agriculturist in answer '"'

= you.will get out of.the chemical 1 manures surface soil instead of four their seedbed against the hottest to the query, 'Is there'a"dktirictafrkjiiir1taral

:- i,'tJe,Maryland Farmer says;: "The fact inches, and with every turn, of the harrow rays of the sun; others, still, sow too question" suggests that so loae.a.
f MMiinH that the barnyard is what brines or cultivator go a. different coursefrom deep, covering sometimes fine seeds to a it takes half of our 'agrieoHhfal :exi :" "
z :;:,.. ''tIier.n&er', prosperity,'and this will al- the last. ,In this particlesare I depth of several inches, and expect themto to pay! for our imports of produce

:f' WMabe the case." a, >> brought together, new effects are produced come up. can bagrown in tine ceaaky,:it do
t, arnyonce: 'to gather! everything4hat ;and the process -of..nature brings The best rules for guidance are to coyer require any aetate-ksowkdge to =
Y.:__ .can be turned into manure in your barn: out the fertility latent in every field. the seed to,a depth twice their thick- one cause of low prieee. rc

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Full Text
xml record header identifier 2008-09-10setSpec [UFDC_OAI_SET]metadata oai_dc:dc xmlns:oai_dc http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc xmlns:dc http:purl.orgdcelements1.1 xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc.xsd dc:title Florida Farmer and Fruit Growerdc:subject Newspapers -- Floridadc:description Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.dc:publisher S. Powersdc:date February 13, 1897dc:type Newspaperdc:identifier (OCLC)2038466 (ALEPH)sn 95026761 (LCCN)dc:source University of Floridadc:language Englishdc:coverage North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Duval -- JacksonvilleNorth America -- United States of America -- Floridadc:rights All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida