Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
January 23, 1897
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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8. Powers,Editor JACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA, JANUARY 23, 1897. whole No. 14& \, .SERIFS No.4i
., \ t1R

;. ptThe Largest Fruit Growers FRUIT TREES FOR FffiIDA..

HIGHEST Know the ,Best Varieties,and the Plums (over 30 varieties, Wickson, Red June, Hale, White \K % \6 new
kinds). Peaches,(Sneed ,Suber 70 .
Triumph over varieties) Pearsyutit
i QUALITY BEST T {EES TO P Aq1F.t : Grapes,Oranges Lemons,Pomelos Kumquats,!hoses etc. ',", .."

t -ti &OWEST ICES We ahippedmore peaches from our own orchards thisrncG'UT Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and Ornamentals. ,
: season than all other growers in this section combined .
.W, and made big MONEY at it.

;. I PREPAID Bail Trees"From URSRRMRN.ID' ., I Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy. Orange on Hardy Stock.

Ie ,A handsome,65-page Catalogue for 189&-97,with over 50 engravings.' Gives
a WHO ARK FRUIT GROWERS, adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions; recent exper1 -
I fence in orchard and market with varieties new and old.with full cultural In-

Everything for the South. formation. ThisUpToDate

'a. Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits; Grapes,

Nuts Ornamentals Roses Etc. Etc. Etc. : I Investigationlinto the Requirements of Florida Orchards.
,, ,
350: Varieties. A MILLION and a.half trees. Over 300 acres. 15 Y ears.{ Experience and Experimenting Growiqg Florida Fruits.
No BETTER stock to select'from. None so LARGE. Extensivelpropagation: of/frees for Florida Planting. '
New Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations, 28 New Photographic Views, Free on


:;. THE GRIFFING BROS.Co. Inc. :Macclenny.: G.'L.TABER. President. GLEN ST. MARY. FtA'

A.II.MANVILLE Secretary.
Successors to W. :D.; G_ Fla. ,. .


i W. W. HAWKINS &, SONS We handle no Commission Seed but receive direct from such well-known Seed

Are offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of 189097.All Growers as Ely, Landreth, Buist, Henderson, Livingston, etc. ,;<.
of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low Pkg. Oz. .1b. lb.
,and from Bearing trees. .CauIUlower-Henderson'sSnowbal1................. 25 $2.50 18.00/ 2000
j .0 .#' VARIETIES GUARANTEED TRUE TO NAME.. PEarly Onion-Bermuda Onion-Bermuda .. 5 5 20 20 r.o''.0' 1.00 1/0

,Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low. Tomato-Livingstons. Any 5 20 l 60, 1.75
Onion Set ,-Red or Yellow.. bushel... $3 50 ... .... ....
Send. postal for Descrlpth'e.catalogue. T.'f toy HAWKINS. AS 9O7S .< Georgetown, Fla ABOVE? CRISISBY MAIL: ,. .
,y Write for price list. BURTON K. ARRS. r:.,

; Th mi1WQukee-flotridQ Ot1ange Co., Jacksonville,"Fla..


Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experienceof --..........
thirteen consecutive years. ,The stock is large and includes the following widely
,known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma, Mandarin Parson Brown SATSUMA, TANGERINES, PARSON BROWN, ETC., ETC.
', Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa Majorca Ruby Blood,Stark8 or Enterprise Seedless
,Pineapple Homosassa and Tangerine. ,Tardiff and King;Duncan and Marsh Seedless + .*. .N + BUDDING WOOD. + + + +
: Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca'Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superior
p to the round). Bud wood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to cor- Trifoliata Stock, (One Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Fig .
respondents. Address all communications and make all remittances payable to '
Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses,Etc.
Milwaukee Florida Co.
Orange The Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices.

\ 0. L. PIERSON,

GRAFTED PEC'ANs** I Monticello..,Fla.

"= 'From the choicest trees In Florida. Money making'Early Peaches. A full line of PearS and ,
f Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. The

.j Trifoliate stocks one,two and three years, old. All stocl:clean and healthy. Send for interesting L
;- catalogue. Fruits and ProduceS
and ien
in car load Jots and tnuOlertiUgn.
I J. H. GIRARDEAU, Prop:, Montlcello, Fla' .*U Product of the Orchard.Garden;, '
y.Hennery and farm! "- N'
Send for our little book."Snggestiona to BUppen,*Itorket Com plefe
Vuelta Tobaee SeedNOW Bepo Special References,Steacili.etc.,all free.
; Inquiries and Correspondence Invited. EstabtlshmEDt-

t::_.:: -

R Send for Annual Descriptive
newly issued and revised.It Geo. S. Hacker & Son
IMPORTED SEED Tills Season's Importation from Cuba. Packet. 15'cents, half y 4 contains everything ,
t ounce,55 cent; ounce,$roq quarter pound$3.00;one pound$ s needed by the Horticulturist Manufacturers of
c" 1 and plant-lover.
Orchard, Window. Lawn
t One Yea '* Growth In Florida from Imported Seed. ,! J or Greenhouse. Largest
nA GROWN SEED*(!t Packet, 10 cents; halk ounce, 30 cents: ; ounce 50 cents; 'tillccnon to Kltd from Purchase our makes,which we guarantee
quarter pound$I.So; pound,$5. 0. in the South.BEASOIEI'BBDTB superior to any sold South and thereby save
H. G. HASTINGS & CO: money.
illustrated catalogue. Interlaehen, Florida FAiCY CUSS A 4





: .



\ t
their products but where depleted rail-
Strawberries on ice. way receipts are now reduced by hun- .

dreds of thousands of dollars. The Texas NOW READY FOR FALL PLANTING.
The celebrated T. &T. Strawberry Refrigerators Farm and Ranch says: \
universal favorite of Florid
growers.are Perfected after years of expert If the fruit market grower then has he to had pay so best muchto not We have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour j
ence., Give good service for good fruit. plant trees, or if, he has already a large and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having j J

TRUBY & THOMAS, orchard, he might find it profitable to been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition.

Starke, Florida. dig it up and go back to corn and cotton. Following varieties guaranteed true to name:
The same cry comes from the growersof MAJORCA, RUBY BLOOD, ST. MICHAEL,

12,000 Apple Seeds Pino apo nd t Florida, who, even with fruit cut to JAFFA MEO. SWEET, HART'S SANFORD LATE MED, PARSON NAVEL, BROWN,
frost and
lowest limit of production by TANGERINE, HOMOSASSSA SATSUMA.
The quality of our seed being best, am other d'sasters, cry aloud for relief from and GRAPE FRUIT.
favorable big supply of
,other stocks conditions may be had for a few dollars. Send for the exorbitant rates charged by the rail- A few hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3 to 4 feet. Price,SO and 7S
full price list of IMPORTED and Native Frui roads and express companies. cents each. .
Stocks and Seeds, Manetti Rose and Raffii middle BUDWOOD.Can .
for budding and grafting. Mr.: John B. Fort, a Georgia .
THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS fruit grower says: furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices will be reduced
"For the past few years I have had the in October on some varieties. For full particulars
Box P. Germantown, Pennsylvania addressHASTINGS
product of the labor of years annually ,
uIf taken from me by the extortions and Interlachen, Fla.

,,1 avarice of our railroad corporations.
( vain for relief and justice. -I now ask to
present the matter to the public
the columns of the Farmer and BUDDED TREES
............-". -.... .., Fruit Grower to the end that an en- 15,000

A HORSE BUYER lightened public sentiment may force All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon
from corporations
should He'usually offer him proceeds a well known with caution.animal at If a a"cut stranger rate' some whose sole tardy aim justice and object is i forcing money roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.

H .. he would insist ana billof sale from the former owner from the people. The railroads stand at Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropicaland
Wise fence buyers who are offered the Coiled Spring fix the rates of fruits and
article by other parties should ask to see a licence from the station to freight semitropical fruit and ornamental trees flowering plants.
the State with but one single
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich, question beyond : How much freight will the Catalogue on application.

product bear? How much freight will BEACH Indian River Nurseries
- the producer pay before he will refuse to JOHN B. ,

loridaOranges ship? (Established 1886.)
There is a gigantic monopoly and trust I
,,ands known as the Southern States Freight WEST PALM BEACH, FLA.
Association, with its headquarters at
Atlanta. It has the power of assessment --
md taxation by freight rates upon the
torts industries of our State. Our old and JOHN L. MARVIN JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD, .
much loved Central is linked to this sys- President. THOS. W. CONRAD
i this are bond- T. BAYA, Assistant Cashier.
nvestmentsi tem. Behind monopoly Cashier.
ii[ holders of the Southern system alone CflPITflll $100,000.
who hold more than $120,000,000 of
Developments bonds. There are in truth no stock-
.. holders to nearly all of our railroads as THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK

I the roads are bonded so heavily that the ,,
Attractions stock is of no value. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

Address, "This bond of$120,000,000 represents, Respectfully solicits you Deposits,Collections and Geneva
G. D. ACKERLY, if I am correctly informed, about three Banking Business.
times the cost to the purchasers of this

THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, The stock speculators combine to Depositors offered every facility: which their bal-
ruin the and then
wreck and property
JAtKSONViut. FLORIDA. rebond the road and water the stock to ances, business and responsibility warrant.

coyer the increased interest, and so the BOXES TO RENT FROM $5.00PER
shippers catch it in the neck. State R. SAFE., DEPOSIT-
R. commissions might afford relief,-but i. YEAR, UP.DIRKQTOR81 .
ERRY they don't. They have tinkered for
years here in Texas with freight rates on

the railroads, with only slight changes.The John L. Marvin Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin, '
'There has serer teen a time when crow- New York Commission men have H. T. Baya, W. M. Davidson, Judge R. Archibald'
care.\',should There guard baa against never been failure a time with when more < united to demand a reduction of 25 to Dr. H. Robinson.
,,",,'*Strd were more essential They are 33 per cent in fruits and vegetables from -
bent. For sale bjr leading
e them. all Southern points ,to save the business
Insist hating
dealers ererjwhere.
.' enemiesto The Rural New Yorker suggests a
from destruction. They contrast the us and those who claim we are
FERRY'S SEED ANNUAL condition of .the farmers of the present the railways and discouragers of im- wholesale method of applying keroseneto
is tall of information for gardeners and with the past, and fail to recognize their migration. So long as it costs eighty fowls as follows: Saturate a cloth with
There will never be a better time from kerosene and hang low the exit of the
planters. box of over
than now to send for the 1897 edition.Free.D. future if the requests for relief are un- cents to bring a oranges
.M.Ferry A Co.,Detroit Mich. heeded. Lakeland to Interlachen a distance of coop, so that as the bens pass through it :
All along the lines of transportation from about one hundred miles,when the cost will brush lightly over their backs to the
the South the cry for relief is going up; for is hut forty-five cents from Lakeland to discomfort of any lice that might be fas
EEDRailroad the transportation companies to cease apolicy New York a distance of eleven hundred tened to Dame Partlett.

of extracting all the shipments miles, and so long as it costs as much to .. .
will stand, without destruction of the move a barrel of potatoes fifty to one.
production.And hundred miles within the State as it does The progressive farmer knows what

Commission.We yet the best and most ably edited to reach either point from New York, plant foods his several crops require, and

careful of the article newspaper of the South, sits at the gate- such disparity of charges needs adjust. in whatkinds his land is deficient, and
ask the perusal
in another column from the Farmer way of Florida and voices the wishes of ment by some higher power than the how most economically to supply them.

and Fruit-grower on the above subject the railway companies anddenying that officers of a local railway company, and lie will know how and when to plow
The victims therein described are leg there is any cause for complaint, and the Southern Ruralist expects to keep on is his land to give it the greatest fertility
ion. The whole South is groaning under charging the independent press with be- fighting on this line, till the remedy and moisture, and how to cultivate to
the transportation oppression,but most of I ing enemies of the railway companies, applied, and invites all readers who are retain moisture in time of drouths.
and discouraging immigration to the in sympathy to increase its influence by
than Floridafrom I
the States are less oppressed Ruralist. I will observe
So. farmer
its circulation.- progressive
that State Railway Commission State, while these papers see the utter extending :
the fact a
rotation of the letting grain follow
them some relief in the adjustment hopelessness of efforts to permanently! crops,
gives of local tariffs. settle this favored land with good citizens The keynote to net profit in dairying root crops, the last crop appropriating
with the obstacles herein described.The is, raise and not buy your feed and plant foods not required by the former.
While the State has in the gained fifteen five percent cigar factories may increase, the make your cash outlay, even for 'labor, The progressive farmer will usually
in population past in horticulture -, phosphate beds may demand negro small by exchange of work. If you practice diversified fanning,growing food
the population that engages has moved labor, there will be increase of populationin must have bran, a ton of timothy hay for his family and stock. Then his cash

in and track numbers.farming In some cases the cities by natuaal increase of birth will usually buy a ton of it and leave.! crop of cotton, cane, etc., will not be
away great others who in turn and winter resorts may flourish,but such your milk or butter. money untouched. exhausted for family and stock requirements
have sold out to .
the for
increase benefits not the State, nor Develop your home market first
will be wrecked unless there is some re'lieffromoppressiveptocklaws -
and farm. Haveas
railway companies as do intelligent everything grown upon the
and trans- permanent settlers engaged in horticulture little to do with commission houses as The progressive Southern farmer will
portation charges. But abandoned or- who would. meet realize that nothing equals the
and winter gardening, possible; their. sales rarely quota-
chards and truck gardens all along the bring with them people with fixed in- tions made. The market is almost sure and Florida clover as muscle
Hies of the railways are monuments trains of comes to spend in winter homes. to drop about the time your shipment stock and enrichment of tj
where were
buried hopes freight
little cost.
once taxed to their utmost to convey Our own: readers will judge between arrives.



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Ml Orchard. Of this stock solution take one or I and other parasites on acimals. Care worm." When the larva becomes full

i two quarts to fifty gallons for rust must be taken, however that no free fed- on the pulp and jucies of the fruit

mite, and two to four quarts to fifty kerosene remains, as this will rise on transforms to a puparium that is

The Six-Spotted Mite. gallons for six spotted mite (red spider) the mixture and coming in contact light colored at first, but afterwardturns

scale. with tender-skinned animals darker. From this pupariumthe
Editor Farmer and.Fruit-Grower: young I some ,
In a former letter I spoke of some RESIN WASH. might cause the hair to fall. When fly hatches and, after pairing, the

of afflicted witha diluted with twelve parts of water it female fly seeks other oranges and
my orange trees being Rosin (resin) . 20 pounds
disease and has given excellent results in killing deposits her eggs and the cycle of
unknown to at
your Caustic soda ((98 per cent). 4 lbs. 4 oz transformation is
I lice on cattle. It is applied to the again gone through
request send you a couple of orange Fish oil . . 3 pints animal with force
leaves from afflicted a spray or pump. NOT POISONOUS.
an tree. By Water . . 20 gallons .
classifying the disease and recom- This larva is neither venomous nor _

mending a remedy you will greatly PREPARATION.Put The Orange Worm. poisonous, which I have ,proved by

oblige me. all the ingredients in a large Doubtless readers will eating it without ill effect, although it
our remem-
Last night was the coldest of the kettle and boil until they are all dis ber that weeks might not be very desirable to swallowit
some we publishedan
season. My thermometer registered solved, when it is a dark coffee-col- from Cincinnati ago alive, because all of these fly larvaeare
extract a as
lit 35 at 7 a. m. It must have been ored liquid of an even consistency.The to the occurrence of worms in Mexican paper very tenacious of life and might ,

colder during the night, for I see a preparation will be hastened by The United States Depart- produce irritation by crawling aboutin
few-:of.the.tomatoes in exposed placesare pulverizing !the soda and the resin. oranges.of Mr. one's digestive tract.
ment Agriculture employed
nipped, but the damage is light When cold dilute the mixture to 100 Charles Dury, of that city, to make a A species trypeta (the genus to

and can be easily be remedied, as or 125 gallons. special study of this pest. He did so which the orange fly belongs) is, in

everyone is provided with a relay of and printed his report in the Cin- Brazil, called the "Berna fly," and .

plants. Only the most vigorous ones, KEROSENE EMULSION. cinnati Post, of which :Mr. George deposits its eggs in wounds of both

having fruit already set, were hurt.,Thisis Soap (hard or whale oil) l/2 pound. Omweg sends: us a copy: man and beast, and the negroes suffer

the fourth day of unusually cold Water . . i gallon. sometimes from its attacks, for
To the Editor of the Post Much
I weather_. for this section, but previousto Kerosene. '.. 2 gallons., has been said and written about: an it deposits its eggs in their nostrils

this morning the mercury has not PRELARATION. with which when they are sleeping. These eggs
ugly worm com-
dropped below 41 and these condi- Dissolve a half-pound of hard'soap:: market infested hatch and the larvae burrow in so far
ing to are now ,
tions were during the night, the days in a gallon of boiling water. The and is the alarm that death sometimes ensues. The
so great
being warm and bright. In the flat soap will dissolve more quickly if it is lest these among "flesh fly" in this locality deposits its
orange-eaters worms mightbe
woods the loss has been considerable, into in wounds and of
cut small pieces and the water swallowed and eggs sores both men
but on these high sand hills our gene- with the soap in it stirred while accidentally otherwise prove that and animals. I have. seen a living
poisonous or injurious
ral immunity from frosts more than heating. The heating may be donein fear to eat this delicious wounded bird eaten up with these
compensate "us for' the extra amount of an ordinary iron kettle. When the I fruit. It is the purpose of this article maggots. A lot of living frogs that I
"sto' manu' we have to use. water has heated to boiling'and the had in a vivarium were flyblown about
to give the history of these so-called
W. A. SANDS. soap all dissolved, the kettle may be "worms." the ears and killed by the larva The

Auburndale. removed from the fire and the kero- common hare of this locality (erro-

[REPLY BY PROF. p. ,H. ROLFS.] sene added, care being,taken not to After opening many oranges of all neously called "rabbit") is sometimes
the writer has the
FLORIDA STATE AGRICULTURAL ignite the kerosene. After the kero- sorts, come to conclusion attacked by a large fly called cuter-
that Mexican fruit is in-
COLLEGE AND sene has been added the mixture shouldbe only ebra cuniculi, which deposits an egg
'AGRICULTURAL EX'MENT STATION,} thoroughly churned for ten minutes. fected. No "California navels, in the fur on the back of its neck.
Florida fruit has
LAKE CITY, FLA., Jan. 13, 1897. A good way is to force it through a or Jamaica The Mexican yieldedany This larva bores into the skin and

The these spray pump back into the kettle several worms. orangesare hollows out a pocket in which it lives,
injury represented on of them and
most bright yellowish
times. Emulsion prepared over a sucking the life out of the
l is doubtless due the six poor
leaves to spot- of oblong shape, and of those exam-
ted mite Tetranchus maculates fire with with the water near boiling animal, which has no power to reach
( sex ined more than one-half contained
kept two without separating en- the fearful parasite, the mother fly
The reminds years
,Riley) injury me tirel from one to five of these worms or maggots -
of that and the remains of y. always placing the egg where the hare
strongly ,. each. If the outside of the fruit
In making kerosene emulsion thereare cannot get at it with teeth or claws.
'the mites with these. .
seem to agree be carefully examined, small brown
two points to be kept in mind constantly -
Whatever of mite it be
species may patches or scars will be seen, and THE CHE ESE FLY.
ist. To keep the water
that is doing the damage, the remedy small circular
holes. These
A fly deposits its in cheese
kerosene just as hot as possible eggs ,
will be the and I take it that
same, have been the"fly"
egged by
without igniting the kerosene. 2nd. oranges producing what is called the "skipper -
this is the i information most desired.An .
That during this time the material that deposists the eggs from ," so 'called from a habit ,the ;nim-

usually application found sufficient.of sulphur Resin spray washis is must be thoroughly and vigorously which the orange worm is hatched.IT ble larva has of jumping about. It is

IS A TRUE FLY. esteemed a great delicacy by some
little effective but also agitated. Merely stirring with a pad. i
a more more I
Kerosene emulsion die will not do. Nor will it make The worm is the larva of a dipterous cheese eaters. The "bot flies" are

also used, but is more expensivethan may emulsion by using warm water. The insect, or true "fly." This fly fearful pests in attacking cattle, de-

resin wash.Appended nearer the igniting point of the kero- lays her eggs on the oranges before positing eggs on their backs, eating

is from sene and the harder the material is they are wrapped, perhaps when holes through the hide and injuringthe
an extract
No. from the my churned, the better will be the emul- hanging on the tree. The minute leather., Some of the flies depositvast
bulletin published as
eggs hatch and the young larva boresa numbers of eggs, notably the
Experiment Station. All the ingre- sion.The
dients emulsion may be tested by hole through the skin and feeds on flesh flies. It is estimated that a pair ..
be obtained in
Jacksonville -
.may placing a corked bottle full of' it in a the juice and pulp within. The larvaeare of flesh flies and their progeny could

: SULPHUR cool place for twenty-four hours; if more than one-half of an inch in devour the dead body of an ox more

SPRAY. no clear liquid rises to the ,top nor length, round, smooth and shiny, and quickly than could a lion. The flea,

Flowers of sulphur. 30' pounds dark liquid settles to the bottom, the of a pale orange color. They crawl or as naturalists call it, pulex irriians,

Caustic soda ((98 per cent. emulsion may be considered good. along quite rapidly and are is a fly, though wingless,and degraded.

strength) pulverized 20 pounds Some trouble has been reportedfrom very restless when disturbed. Therefore the "orange fly" and flea i

Water. . . 3 gallons the use of hard water; it is The larva seems to be allied to, but are closely related, and both membersof ,

PREPARATION. therefore recommended that rain different, from, the well.known "More- the enterprising dipterous family.It .

Take the flowers of sulphur, placein water be used in those districts that los orange fruit worm," figured above, is to be hoped that this orange; fly

a wooden tub large enough to hold have hard water. .. from a plate kindly turnished me by will not become acclimated in .the

twenty-five gallons. Wet the sulphur When ready to use take one part Prof. L. 0. Howard, Chief of the United States, as it would be in the

with three gallons of water; stir it to of the preparation and nine of water; United States Department of Insects, nature of a calamity to orange culture..,

make paste. Then add the caustic stir until l it, is mixed evenly and ap- and whose valuable work in behalf of be'

soda and mix it with the sulphur ply. agriculture is so well known. :More Mr. Rivero stated this morning to

paste. In a few minutes it becomes This insecticide is recommendedfor than 15 years ago it was known that the writer that during the past month

very hot t.: turns brown and becomes a insects that obtain their food by oranges grown in the State of Morelos, more than $50,000 was collected in

Ii uid stir thoroughly and add enough piercing plants and sucking the sap, Mexico ((100 miles south of the Cityof Florida for the Cuban cause and for

"ake. twenty gallons. Pour as plant lice. It is also an excellent Mexico), were more or less infested warded to the Junta in New York,

sediment and keep the remedy for the young scale before the with worms or maggots. These were and between $15,000 and -$20,000

[ight barrel or keg until wax has been secreted. This has also found to be larvae of a fly called this was raised in Tampa.TampaTimes.

(se. proven an excellent wash to kill lice trypeta ludens, or the "Morelos orange .



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- '
} .' ..
,b2'' _.Q> .. <-' k', THE FLORIDA PABMEB AND' FfiUIT-G OWE&, ". JAKtURY 23,:


PUSH YOUR, ORANGE TRIh3 'S ,When Fertilizing fop Fait, use .

by, using
S;I "The Ideal' Fertilizer." Ideal Fruit and Vine Manure,

Price.$27.00. : PRICE $30.00 PER TON.
it- GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. Per Cent.Moiatnre J -; .;.' ;:_ .... .'- .
.......................................................... 10 to 12 GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.
Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal,Nitrate of Soda,Blood
and Bone.................. .-.......... .................... 4# to 5* Ammonia................................................ 2# to 4 per cent..
; Available Phoa Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone........ IX to 5# Available Phosphoric Acid..........._................ 6 to 8" *
Sulphate Potash.... .. .......... .........................11 to 13 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid ............................ 1 to. 3" "
: 'S Equivalent to Actual Potash................................... 6 to 8 .'. Sulphate of Potash ............................... .......20 to 24 "
Magnesium Sulphate,Lime Calcium Sulphate Organic Mat- Potash Actual K20..... ................................10 to 12" "
ter, etc.......... .... ..................... .... ....65 to 70 Magnesium Sulphate, Chloride, Calcium Sulphate, ..
,; Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal, Blood etc............. ..............................55 to 60" ..
; Bone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. (No coloring matter used). Made exclusivetr.from Snlphate of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda, ,
Blood,Bone,Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate of Potash. .,.
; This. is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitrogen %
5- ,j coming from three different'ingredients is especially Manufactured by --. I*:

.;" valuable, ,as' all three sources are best adapted to mak- WILSON & TOOMBR,
-' ing quick'growth The potash from sulphate of potash
"The Fertilizer House of Florida,
only I I
Try it alongside" the) more expensive brands and be convinced. JACKS: : N3ZILLE, I L7fi.

,We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine'Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Write Us for Prices before Buying. .

wiivscwv & OPOOMBR. Jacksonville,
Insecticide .and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton

Il f':. ', .. TH E FERTiI4xzER HOUSE OH* P'Z.ORIDA.
About Jamaica Oranges. baskets which they place upon their and the shipment of 3,000 bar. then sized and packed into boxes of
Mr. Goldsmith' H. Williams, manager heads, arid the children according to rels, more or less, put up by twentyor Florida make. We use tissue paper
of the orange exporting business age, place loads; upon their heads more different people situated miles and mark every box Jamaica oranges.
of' C. B. Hubbard in' Jamaica, wasa varying weight to the size of the apart? Add to this the fact that after This season I had ten men' from Flor
\c yesterday, having child. being packed the fruit is hauled some. ida who were employed chiefly in pack
just returned from Jamaica via Boston The procession< then starts, the times long distances to the railway and ing. The remainder of the work is
.' He' is on his way to his home donkey in the lead, the parents just often gets wet. It is then put into done by the native labor. There is
in Crescent' City Fla. In an interview behind and the numerous children ships which are usually overloadedand very great complaint of the incompetence -
we. gathered the following regarding behind them in the order of age, improperly ventilated. If the and general worthlessness of Jamaica -
Jamaica and the orange trade ranging down to the smallest with a Atlas line would run all ships as good laborers. My experience;how-
there:: dozen oranges. They may ,be'going and as fast as their steamship ever, is that Jamaica! laborers..are: will
There is much competition in Jamaica only a mile but more often' from Allegheny it would materially help the ing and capable if one simply has the
he said, and a general rush five to ten miles to the depot, where condition of the fruit on arrival even I patience to teach them and give them,
for oranges whenever a good sale is they sell the fruit. The buyer throwsout though the ship be overloaded.It an incentive for doing well. ,I pay
reported in New York.' ,This results some, of the bruised fruit arid is very essential that Jamaica or- them higher wages than is usual t.'in,the
in'bad handling-that is, bad for Ja then takes it into his house, whereit anges be transported to market in as i island but demand an equivalent:for
maica; and at best' the oranges inmost is piled up in heaps and perhaps short a time as posible.In it, and get it, too. After teaching thema
instances are badly handled kept a' day or'so. Then number, of November the steamship Port white boss is in charge of each' division
there'when they are' doing their utmost women and girls are called upon to Victor was loaded in Kingston with and continually present' to site
to'put" them up properly. wrap and pack the fruit. One packs bananas and oranges for England The that they do right, and, keep Working
.. There are no groves in Jamaica, but while'several wrap. Those who wrap ship is provided with a refrigerating rapidly and keep their tongues quiet.
the fruit is gathered from trees that 'are supposed to sort the fruit, throw- apparatus but six days after leaving The requisite amount of discipline the
are scattered all about the pasturesand ing out all that are thorned or Kingston she returned with the cargoall negro likes, and under it becomes' an
mountain sides wholly uncaredfor bruised. They do well when they "cooked." The refrigerating apparatus efficient and willing laborer. We
with,grass growing all about them, throw out half of what are bad. got out of order and the temperature shipped 25,000; boxes this season,
and the limbs covered with lichens 'In this house one would suppose bed ran in the wrong directionand mostly to this port, but some to Philadelphia l
and orchids. In other words the lam had been let loose as the womenare reached 120 degrees. The entire Boston and Baltimore.TheFruitman's
trees are practically wild in all cases singing and shouting and the boss cargo had to be dumped; into the sea. Guide.
except the few that are immediately standing in the midst yelling out or- There was more fruit on the dock .
about'the houses of the negroes. Some ders at the top of his voice, to which for this ship than she could carry, Letter From Frost Proof
little effort is being made to improve little attention is ever paid! In short, and about 2,000 boxes of oranges that Editor Parmer and Frult-Grower
these'conditions and to set out groves. there is no discipline or system, and were shut out were brought here to In the article I sent you on oranges,
Sour oranges and bitter grape fruitforbidden one wonders how the fruit gets to mar New York on the Ss. Jason, but as I pines and tobacco, published in the
(( fruit)' trees are numerous ket at all saleable. Another very com- understand, arrived in a rotten con FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, of the
.... over most parts of the island, and are mon way of getting the fruit to the depot dition, for they had been packed too 2d inst., wherein I said some of tHe
being converted quite largely into where it is bought is to place it in Navel
long.The largest that I saw in
sweet'grape fruit. high sided carts, piled up three or four Elderslie, a sister ship to the the Cheney Grove oranges at' Avon Park
You of course wonder at the feet deep. On top of this sits the Port Victor, was loaded some time would contain ,
a quart of j juice I
amount of rot found in the fruit whenit driver and sometimes his wife and afterward, and just before I left Jamaica would 'say that I was told so and ,,
arrives here.: It is no wonder to children; their weight settling the fruit a cable reached there stating seemed to doubt the statement you
those'who have seen the manner in down quite effectually! I have also that she had l landed her cargo in England -
which is handled. seen load after load come into King- in fine condition. Well, to be honest, I did write it;

Imagine negro of immature age ston in sacks like potatoes, and This description of the method of but it seemed to come from such a
going up a'tree and breaking off the stacked on a dray as tightly as possible handling oranges applies to the great good told source, that I gave it as it was

twigs on which'the oranges grow and and of course on top was the majority of dealers, in Jamaica.Our me. o ,
throwing them down to' the ground driver with a friend or two! This'is own methods are as near to 11 seem to be in about the same,predicament ;
presumably to be caught by another the way much of the work is don the best Florida modes of handlingfruit that Abraham Lincoln,found
little negro. One of the causes of bad handling is as conditions in Jamaica will himself in once, as he'was pleadingsome
Then the fruit is carried into' a hut due to the desire of many permit. We have a large packing case in court. To prove his
where the father and mother and the get a very large quantity of fruit off ina house on the side of the railway point he began by reading extracts;
remainder of the picaninnies In given time. They send out ordersto track at Kwarton, so that cars are from the statutes, but read on_too far,
this hut the stems are supposed to be Tom, Dick and Harry, and get together loaded at the door and unloaded at and found he was pleading the other
cuts'from the oranges. After that the in that way a large shipment of the ship's side. We' have the fruit side of ,the case.
donkey is brought up to the door, a fruit that has been hurriedly thrown brought to us in field boxes of Florida "Well, well," said he, "j'
hamper laid over his back; and into it into barrels. It is often said to be in- make and size, and the fruit, after be- as though I had scratched'
as many oranges as can be are placed. spected, but how can a man inspect ing kept the necessary length of time, but he concluded to read/
Then the father and mother fill up fruit after it is packed into barrels, is all carefully sorted and graded, and the end he proved to the r:


; ( I" ') !
: ? ; :

'. ,,.' f...' ,.. !
-.l'-, .' .
:- -

V not much of a snake after all, and in time when they almost start growingthen economy than I have practiced in must be harvested entirely by priming ,
the end gained his point. hardly any interruption in growth other respects. or stripping process. Take off.allthe'leaves l
t And so now, Mr. ,;Editor, I send takes place. M. CHESEBRO. as they ripen, ,from bottom. ..
you a sample of a medium sized Navel The theory of root. growth during Plummer's, North Mandarin, Fla. to top. Be careful not to allow ,tobacco -
orange, of the kind I wrote of, so you winter is not well proven,and is doubted to remain in the sun after it is
can use (for yourself ,(and I know you by a good many physiologists; i it is gathered, for sunburn will occur in a
will give me: credit too), that I didn't supposed that no plant,'whether decid-- Tobacco.Tobacco very short time. Do not lay tobaccoon
scratch:; up much of a snake after all. uous or evergreen, any new the ground without some protection
The one I send you measures fourteen roots before the circulation of sap,and Culture No. II. from sand and dirt. Leaves maybe ;
an4 one-fourth' inches in circumference with it growth takes place. We admit TOPPING AND SUCKERING.It gathered in a long fiat\ basket, if
and I don't ihink"you will find that in a tree transplanted in autumn care is taken in passing throughthe
a,it. It weighs about one and the circulation of sap is checked, and is a difficult question to decide, field. A good plan Is'tQ
half and is freefrom will stand under the variable conditions surrounding the leaves the
one pounds, nearly 'a freezing temperature lay on
jag. The oranges of this better; .but:, we' .must also bear in j a tobacco crop, the best arm as fathered, depositing from
kind had, all been gathered : mind that a tree not established has time to top the plants. Great care time to time in some shady place.
and; many sold and the rest packed been through the act of transplanting should be exercised in this matter, for Great care must be taken ,\{o avoid
away, so I could not get to pick them rendered sick, and will perhaps suffer if topped too soon the leaves will grow bruising the tobacco, bearing in mind
over, ,and I bought six of them, the more than a healthy one., While one thick and leathery, unfit for wrappers.So that the most perfect leaves make the
six weighing nearly nine pounds. The may die from rupture of the cells, the let the growing condition of the most desirable wrappers. If the barn
one.I send you was ,the only thick- other may get killed by a freezing tem plants be your guide. When plantsare is some distance from the field keep
skinned. one of the lot. But, as I had perature as well,and perhaps easier.- not growing vigorously, showing the tobacco covered while in transit: _
to send mail, I thought I had Frotscher Seed..Company." signs of exhausted soil, or fertilizer,
better send the thtckest-rind one I had. top at once, or as soon as button ap BARN HANDLING.
This-fruit should all have been left What Fruits ,to Plant. pears. On the contrary, when thereis First of all have clean boards to

on the trees. for. a .month yet, insteadof Editor, Farmer and Fruit-Grower: a tendency to speck, do not top until place the tobacco on as received in
having been gathered. A ,friend TJiis question comes up every year. just before blooming, and then only the barn. Don't make the piles too
sent one to California that was fifteen About seventy-five feet south of my break off the bud. This latter advice thick as there is danger of heating if
inches around the small wayand others house is a pecan tree over twenty years applies more particularly to the "Su- allowed to remain long before hand-
were much larger; so you see this is old. It has not borne over one dol-- matra" variety. All stalks will not ling. For hanging cut, tobacco use

just.!medium size. I could have gotten
you one of the largest,, as I saw themon .Y
the, 'trees. : i5 S: :;:. S
The snake I scratched up would .'!{
have been entirely harmless.
I,also send by mail a leaf from a
Spanish pine from the patch of J. T.
Hendricks, of Avon Park, which is
within an. inch 'of six feet long. I ,
measured leaves on other plants fully
six and a half feet high. I will not :
tell you how big .I saw apples on his :

plants, or how high the average of the _

plants! ..were,. lest you might think I ( S .: __ ___ _
had routed out another of the wrigglingtribe -
; but they certainly were the larg- yt : ., i iIT
est I have yet seen. _
\These pines were grown in the open .T .
ground,fertilized with cottonseed meal], : V
bone meal, potash and tobacco dust. __ ; : _S__
They ,are :wholly (free from scale, and ,

not. a sign of Jack Frost about them, ... t. ',"
and almost every plant showing bloom. .- .",
I"sincerely'trust the rest of you have '
come off( as well in regard to cold as MODEL TOBACCO BARN. : I Ilar's
we have at Frost Proof; not a plant .

touched; guavas, tropical papaw, tomatoes worth of nuts since it was planted. -I do to top at the same time. Neither laths about 4 feet 4 inches long and
of old and fruit of
the finest, just and,as I trust, to hear ripe the rest A peach tree beyond, with no bet- will all be ready to harvest at once. llA by y inches thick, slightly sharp-
ter chance,planted five years ago, bore Suckers will appear sometimes before ened at each end, then with the as-
much. But like in
can'say as you respect $3 worth of peaches the last season.A topping, but grow much faster after sistance of an iron spear on one end
the I
this to orange, am sceptical on scuppernong grape, planted over topping; they must be broken off when of the lath, and the other placed in

point.I'B.. M. HAMPTON. twenty years ago, has perhaps borne I found, "Cuba" plants throw out more an auger hole, bored at an angle of
Frost Proof Fla. $10 worth of grapes. It occupies as suckers than "Sumatra." When bud about 45 degrees, in a post or tree,
The ,and l leaf much'space as two orange trees would. worms have injured a plant seriously, place the stalks on the laths, at ,a dis-
orange pineapple were cut it down and permit a sucker to tance of inches the
described The two orange trees would easily 4 apart, pass spear
as by our correspondent.The in its stead. through the stalk far enough from the
had rotted but have produced each $5 worth of fruitin grow
orange was wholly
end to splitting out. As each
destitute of seeds-a magnificent fruit. one year. I have two fig trees near HARVESTING. prevent .
*-.-<< each other. Both were killed to the When yellow blotches or spots ap lath is filled remove the spear and
Transplanting Orange Trees. ground by the<: freeze. The past sea- pear on the surface of the leaf, tobacco place the laths on the lowr tier of
As to the time! of transplantingorange son one, a White Marseilles bore $2 is ripe and ready to harvest. With i the barn, about 6 or 8 inches apart.
trees, opinions greatly differ. worth of fruit; the other, a Celestial, "Cuba" tobacco I am aware that the. The next day it can be raised on the
Some orange growers advocate autumn bore, perhaps 25 cents worth. A mul- usual plan is to cut the entire stalk, higher tiers to make room for the
planting, giving for their reason berry tree, near the house has furnished but to my mind it has been fully freshly gathered. If the field i is
the supposed root growth during the shade and, when the birds did not destroy -i demonstrated that much green tobacco some distance (from the barn the
winter months and consequently to the them_ great quantities of fruit, : is taken into barns by this process.I spearing may be done near the field,
tree'a,better chance to establish itself; but'no money, for a number of years.A I therefore advise priming off, as they and tobacco brought in on a rack,
then:again that on a newly transplanted Thurber peach tree, not far away,I ripen, a sufficient number of leaves instead of a regular wagon body.:
'tree the circulation of sap is check. not so old as the mulberry,bore peaches from the bottom, so as to allow at Primed leaves can be hung on stout
ed and therefore rupture of the cells fifteen years ago that sold for two least two-thirds of the entire stalk to wires, sharpened at the end to pass
during a freezing temperature hardly cents each. Verily, "a man be very ripen before cutting, then cut the easily through the stem of the leaf, or
possible,; other growers again advo- stout and not know the best holts." stalk down with a strong, sharp the laths may be used with a cord and
planting. Spring planting If I had known what to plant twenty- knife to avoid splitting. Be carefulnot needle to string on, the lath serving
[on is preferable. Orangeas five years ago here I might have hada to cut while there is dew or rain only as a support. The length of( lath
other evergreen trees plenty of this world's "filthy lucre," drops on the leaves, as water will pro- given will hold about? ,32 leavesdistance
isplanted just at the with no more foresight, industry or duce dark.spots. ''Sum ua: tobacco of less than an inch apart' ,between- TJ t>the

S .5L .', .::C': _, f



stems; put the leaves back to back. I Get your Potatoes to Market Early by using have substantially the following anal-

During the early stage of curing, and II IDEAL MANURE ysis:
until the tobacco begins to yellow, POTATO Ammonia . 4 per cent.
keep barn ventilators closed duringthe MANUFACTURED BYILSON Actual potash . 10 "

day, and opened at night, during : te, OCMMDEXR: Available phosph. acid 7 "
clear weather. After the yellowing "The Fertilize house of Florida. Of this fertilizer, not less than 600
process has fully set in reverse this or- pounds per acre should be applied.In .
der, open in the day and close at Pennsyvania a good plug tobacco
night When tobacco is sufficientlycured PRICE $30.00 PER TON. fertilizer is made up of the following

'to take down and bulk, it may materials: 950 Ibs. acid phosphate, 300
be again necessary to close during the Ibs. of and
,day and open at night, so as to keep : Ammonia ..... ...... .... .... ......... .... 4 to 5 per cent." cotton sulphate seed mea)potash. It will surprise 1,350 Ibs.the
Available Phosphoric 6 to 8"
it soft and for handling. When i
pliable Insoluble Phosphoric 1 to 2" Southern farmer to know that the
the stem is fully cured the tobacco Sulphate of to 18" amounts given represent the quantity
should be taken down and put into PotashActual. S to 10" applied per acre, and it has been found
hands or bundles, for "Cuba" tobacco, Made from Nitrate of Soda, Sulphate of Ammonia, Blood, Bone, Dissolved profitable to make such heavy appli
from fifteen to twenty leaves, and "Su- Bone, Sulphate and Muriate of Potash.A cations. What is known as the nor-
matra" twenty-five to thirty leaves to
for the three
application per acre
Selected Lot of
Seed Potatoes.
the bundle, being careful'not to mix chief elements is follows
the two varieties in the bundle. Of Improved Eearly Rose No.4, Carmen No. 1, Rural New Yorker No. 2, and fertilizing as :
other leading varieties. Amonia-270 lbs nitrate of soda, or
course, for cut tobacco, where leaves For Melons use IDEAL FERTILIZER. Correspondence solicited. A large 450 lbs. dried blood, or 700 Ibs. cot-
.. have been cured on the stalk they stock of Potash, Blood and Bone, Cotton Seed Meal, and Agricultural Chemicals.Get ton seed meal.
must be stripped off before they can be our prices before buying. Potash-240 lbs. sulphate of potash.

put in the bundle. As soon as tied WIrsON & TOOMER: : Phosphoric acid-750 lbs bone

into hands bulk it down. Do this by "The Fertilizer House of Florida." meal, or 550 lbs. dissolved bone, or

lapping the leaves, leaving the stem Jacksonville, Florida. 600 Ibs. acid phosphate.The .
ends outward; keep the bulk covered quantities given above indicatethe

with blankets or burlap to prevent proper amounts per acre. It does
drying out. While making the bun- Chemical Fertilizers for Tobacco. ammonia. It will thus be seen that not pay to skimp tobacco. There is

dles a partial selection of two or three Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: manure is not, at least, in its usual no other farm crop which respondsso
grades may be made. Should there condition, the best form of manure for freely to liberal manuring, nor
be a long rainy season during the cur- In all cases where the results are of tobacco. If, however,farmyard man- any other one which will show a lack
the barn must be kept proved fact, artificial manuring for
ing period, ure is thoroughly decomposed by of proper support so thoroughly. A
closed ; if signs of mold appear on the tobacco has shown strong advantagesover means of composting and fermenta tobacco exhausted soil is very difficultto

leaf near the stem, open the space be- farmyard manure used alone. It tion, it is in much better shape for get into good condition again. The

tween laths on the tier poles; a little is not so much because the farmyard making tobacco, but it must be sup. whole problem is chiefly a matter of

fire may be necessary at this time for manure does not contain the proper plemented with a potash salt, such as proper mineral fertilizing.S. .
drying out the humidity. Charcoal quantities of the mineral elements of sulphate of potash for instance, and PEACOCK.
heaters made of sheet iron are the bestto manures, but rather because the form acid phosphate. This is

use for this purpose, but small fires in which they occur isnot evenly in the rotting process a necessary considerable, as

made from dry sap pine or some other balanced. Farmyard manure con- quantity of the ammonia in the orig- Farrmep&Trrueket1
wood that will not impart its odor to tains an excess of really available inal manure has been wasted. To- .
the tobacco, will do. All that.canbe ammonia, which produces, with a deficiency bacco for
of and requires every 100 poundsof An Important Point in Strawberry
said in connection with barn handlingmust potash phosphoricacid ammonia not less than
200 poundsof
be taken as general advice, sub an unstable condition growth, sulphate of potash and about Culture.
which is in 300 Editor Farmer and Frult-Grower:
certain circum not so readilly
ject to change under apparent
stances or conditions. So use your the field as it is in the curing barn. pounds of acid phosphate. Freshly It is all important that a strawberry
burned lime should also be used but
should plant varieties that
best judgment coupled with good The tobacco plant has a large leaf preferably broadcasted over the soil ripen in succession, from the very ear-
in mind these
common sense bearing surface with a small and shallow root at the time of the final harrowing, be- liest to mid season, or in many cases
facts. The.early or yellowing process system. It has an immense capacityfor fore setting the plants.It very late, because it enables him to
must not be too rapid. In more
using water a comparativelynarrow
vanced curing give ventilation in good must be remembered that not. sell at a profit a great many more; for,
means of obtaining it. The
if his market is small and limited
cured withstanding the insoluble nature of a one,
weather. When give humidity
roots of the tobacco plant are nearly
he is thus enabled i
sufficient to soften. natural phosphates, the potash of the to supply ij throughseven
devoid of those small root hairs which
weeks. If his marketis
soil is still more difficult to make avail- or eight
fulfill such important functions in and unlimited like the Northern
MODERN BARN. able for the uses of plant growth. large -
ordinary plants in rendering the in-
and his is limited
While in tobacco soils from ones, acreage
A barn of the following dimensionswill soluable potash and phosphoric acid average
the size of his force
one-quarter to one-half of the total solely by picking ,
furnish ample room to house five of the soil, soluble and available for
it enables him than twiceas
acid is available to pick more
acres of tobacco: Width, 28 feet 8 plant food. In fact the compositionof present much.
but twentieth to one-tenth of the
inches; length, 64 feet; height, 18 the plant is largely dependent upon one is-at the disposal of the Thirteen years' experience, during
feet from top of sill to plate, or 20 feet the nature of the water-soluble fertilizers potash grow- which I have tested many hundreds of

from ground to plate; tier poles, 4 in the soil; if the supply is scanty, ing plant. varieties, has convinced me that the
feet apart each way for cut tobacco, good normal tobacco cannot be made. One thing the farmer must fully re following are best:

and 4 feet wide by 2 feet high for The mineral composition of tobacco : cognize; the necessity of ample min- For extremely early, Improved West-

primed tobacco; double doors on the is disturbed by the sterility of the.. erals when farmyard manure is used- brook and Murray's Extra Early, pol-
side opposite each other, wide enoughto soil. It is found that the quality is. say an addition of 50 pounds of sulphate lenized with Meek's Early every fourthrow.

admit a wagon, and about 9 feet correspondingly affected. of potash and 100 pounds of These are not only prolific, but
high; windows on sides and ends Not only is the tobacco-plant by its acid phosphate to the ton of well the earliest,the most splendidly colored

about 4 feet wide by 7 feet high, 4 or nature unfitted to fight for its nour- rotted manure. If a fair crop of to- and the finest and best shippers I ever

5 feet apart; stationary ventilators in ishment, but it thrives best in a rather bacco is made after clover or cow peas saw. They ripen so early that theycan
gable ends. All doors and windows I mellow light soil, where the loss of turned under, very good results may be picked and sold before medium
to be hung so as to open upward as :! fertilizer materials by drainage is re- be hadjby; an application of 100 poundsof early varieties begin to ripen at all.
shown in the cut. This barn will cost latively high. It is at times noticed sulphate of potash and 200 poundsof To follow close on the heels of these I
from $350 to $400 if built of first-class: that tobacco seems to have .what is acid phosphate to the acre. If the should have Erandywine, Tennessee

material. In the southern part of the called an .' exhausting" effect on the soil is very light, a moderate applica. Prolific, Woolverton, West Lawn and
State where tobacco is grown experi land. The reason is, that the plant tion of cottonseed meal will prove a Bubach, pollenizing Bubach and West
mentally this year, I do not advise requires practically water-soluble fertilizers valuable aid. In fact, in growing a Lawn with one of the three preceding

building expensive barns. With some and has little or no capacityfor heavy leaf for plug tobacco, the soil varieties. These are all superb market
changes orange houses or sheds can be breaking up the soil particles. It must be fed very liberally, and the varieties and heavy bearers. Then to

safely used. H. CURTIS, therefore leaves the soil practically denuded manures should be such as are solublein come next Aroma and Gandy will givea .

Agricultural and Immigration Agt. of soluble manures. water. large crop of the finest latj
.. Farmyard manure contains its potash The best form of manure for tobacco The season can be still

The first requisite in progressive farm- and phosphoric acid in difficultly soluble is probably a well compounded longed by having the Lt

ing is a progressive farmer. I forms, giving up freely only its commercial fertilizer, and it should berry,which ripens just;



.. .

are gone, and is an exceedingly heavy :::DeLANOY'S= see you again in a few days and thenwe
bearer of large, luscious berries. It N I can have some more chicken talk.S. .
succeeds everywhere.If S. D.
growers will follow the plan above --...
outlined they can plant a large acreage Popular Poultry Farm Notes on Back Numbers.
and still never have their berries to 0 Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
spoil in fields (for lack of pickers. Nor That writer in Texas Farm and
will the markets be swamped by a glutof Ranch evidently was a novice in
berries all ripening at one time. I KPOPKK: FL7. poultry .raising or he would never
0. W. BLACKNALL. 71I \./ have said that grit was useless here. I
Kittrell, N. C.Shipping. feel as certain as I can be of anythingthat
> CORNISH INDIAN GAMES grit or hard, small, sharp cornered -
Lettuce. rock or shells are necessary as
Editor FABUKR AND FRUIT GROWER: I / \ anything else in the way of poultry
Will you please inform me of the I Sharp's and Imported.Great for The Broiler beat Table Fowl known. supplies in this State at least. The

correct way to gather lettuce for ship- only way any kind of birds can grind

ping to market. That is, whether C .;) BLACK+ MINORC .[(:. their food (which they swallow whole)
you cut it or pull it and leave the tap- is by swallowing some hard substanceto
root on. Also the kind and size of Larger than Leghorns. Good layers of Large White Eggs. grind their food in the gizzard.
crate or basket used. And oblige, One of my neighbors said his hens
CLIFTON K. HARRIS. E Eggg Still at Panic Prlces-81.35 per Setting Settings, 82,00. were laying themselves to death. I
c St. Francis, Fla., Jan. 14th, 1897. A few Sum mer.Hatched Minorca beautify Cockerels at stock.fa_oo each-crossed on common gave him some grit and told him to
stock will iucrease eggsand your feed that whit he did and there
Cut the heads off' so as to preserveall ( : )
were no more deaths and no letup to
leaves but leave stub. Pick
the no
of- friends would be accusing me
off the sanded and rotted leaves to Poultry. of building castles in the air, as they the output of eggs. In many placesin
the northern States fowls find
make the head present a neat appear- ... have done before when I tried to show
------------------------------------- --- -- other hard
Pack the heads with the enough stone, gravel or
ance. snug the would be
Edited by S.8. DeLANOY Apopia. Fla. what possible profits
snbstances to their needs but
ends outside all around bottom answer ,
stem with a certain number of hens, Ha,
and sides. Fold the leaves in here there is nothing but pure smooth
top on ha he did roughly
and Hens. use pretty ,
Dogs ; you
sand which is useless for the needs of
the head it fresh. Pack tightso
to keep held end all
but I
guess you up your
as to prevent the heads from mov- Do you keep a dog? Yes. Is he of poultry.
ing about. Put in nothing but first' any value or use to you? No. Do you right.It The city family mentioned in a recent -
No. Do ? Yes. is not my aim to mislead any number from
class solid heads the rest keep fowls? you use eggs quoted Poulty
large, ;
The favorite is What a foolish question; who does one if I can help it. I like to have Monthly, who tried a place in the
to your cow. package
the half barrel basket in the shape ot I not? We have to have them for our people find out these things by actual country would have succeeded doubt-
a long truncated cone. You can get cakes and custards, as well as poached, experience, but in this case, as you less, if they would have left their city
them from the Southern Manufacturing fried, boiled and in omelets, and we dont keep any fowls, perhaps I can ways and city notions behind. No
Va. use a good 'many dozen during the come somewhere near the mark witha one can hope to succeed here who is
Company, Petersburg,
--.:. year. But what have eggs to do with few figures. How many eggs do not willing to get up early 365 daysin
Potato Seed. dogs? Oh, we will come to that aftera i you suppose you use? Well, let me a year, to use sunlight instead of
Northern-Grown few more questions. What I wishto see; we probably average a dozen a lamplight; to cease to expect extra
At the Rhode Island Experiment know now is, seeing you acknowledge week the year round at an average consideration because they came from
Station fourteen varieties of potatoes, the use of many dozens of eggs, cost of say twenty cents per dozen. "New York or Boston."
of Maine-grown and homegrown seed, I why you don't keep fowls. Surely, if Well, then, putting it in another form, Another good thing is for the man
were tested during two years on a you like eggs so well and must have that would mean that you purchase to tell the wife "I will move out, butI
sandy loam soil, manured with com- them, you would prefer to have those fifty-two times twenty cents' worth of will never move back." I always
mercial fertilizers applied on a clover that you know are strictly fresh. eggs per year, which would figure out admired the wisdom of Cortez. Whenhe
sod. Ten pounds of seed of each va Yes, but you see it costs money to $10.40 that it costs you to keep your landed at Vera Cruz he burned his
riety was used, cut in one 150 keep hens, as we would be compelledto dog over and above the table scraps.I ships. The soldiers knew then what
pieces, in the other to two eye sets, purchase grain to feed them. To feel pretty safe in saying the scraps was to be done without any speeches.One .
and planted sixteen inches apart in the be sure, but you keep and feed a use represent a value as large, if not more who is so particular about the
row. The vines were sprayed for po less dog. Why not let the dog go and if utilized, as hen food; so it would be color of the window blinds can never
tato blight.In keep a few hens instead? Oh, he only fairly safe to estimate that it costs you hope to succeed anywhere.M. .
their summary the authors say eats the waste and table scraps, that $21, or more, to keep your dog. CHESEBRO.
that ,of merchantable potatoes the would be thrown away; so he really Great Scott, you don't say so That ..
northern-grown seed tubers produceda costs us nothing. That's the point ex dog will have to go; I can't afford any Room for a Flock.
greater percentage in eleven out of actly. He costs you nothing, yet if such expensive luxury as a useless Fifty hens have been profitably keptin
fourteen varieties, and a'greater yieldin you would stop to think a moment dog at those figures during these hard one flock, but it is conceded that
nine out of fourteen varieties, the you would see that he costs you a con- times. I see they are talking of taxing in order to do so, each hen must have
average increase being 17.04 bushels siderable sum during the year. As dogs, and that would mean another about five square feet of space or more
per acre; the home-grown tubers gavea you must have eggs, and are com- ,dollar. It surely would, but now on the floor of the house; hence,' the
greater yield in five out of fourteen pelled to buy them the dog really costs let us see how many hens you could poultry houses used have been about
varieties, the average increase being you all you pay for the eggs. keep for that amount of money. A twelve by twenty feet for a flock of -
20.94 bushels per acre. How soVe don't feed him the quart of feed will keep ten fowls in about that number. It is possiblethat
> t eggs. No; but the food he consumes good condition if allowed their liberty, forty hens will give as good results
Our city sister, Orange City,nestledin would keep a little flock of hens, and and as I see the dog is running at as fifty, as too many hens to-
a great area of orange groves, is the hens would furnish you the eggs large, of course you will give the I gether will not thrive. They must
getting large and frequent acquisitionsto you are compelled to buy, and being : fowls the same privilege. I have compete with one another, and the
her population ]! Last strictly fresh you would rnn no risk of figured it out that the eggs you buy, domineering hens will keep some of
Saturday seventeen new arrivals were if turned iato feed at an of
ruining your cake or custard by break- average the others under subjection. With
noted and another crowd landed there ing an egg that had become overripeinto seventy-five cents per bushel, (some plenty of room, and ample space for
Monday. The good people of that the mixture. Yes, we did do would cost you more and some less) foraging, there is less liability of competition
place deserve the fine tourist season that once or twice before experience would buy about fourteen bushels, or and all members of the flock
that seems in store for them. It is taught us to always break them into enough to keep about twelve hens will have better opportunities to assist
one of the prettiest towns in all Florida another dish to be sure they were all and a rooster. And as we agreed themselves.
and as to health she can not be right. that the scraps were about equal i in > *
excelled on earth.-DeLand Record. Come to think of it, I believe you feeding value, that would allow you E. M. Dilly has finished planting
Mr. H. J. Minich three-fourths are right about the dog costing us another baker's dozen, or a flock of sugar cane and is now preparing to
of an acre of celery on the poorest more than we thought. If we were, to twenty-five hens and a rooster. set out the place which he purchasedfrom
land in Hillsborough county three get rid of the dog how many hens do Well, I declare, as many as that; :Mrs. N. C. Barber, in orange
-miles east of the city, and some of the you think we could keep at the same but say,look here, how many eggs are and grape fruit trees. A. J. N. Dilly
es weighed three pounds, elevenm expense? That is a question that those hens going to lay? Are they is also through cane-planting, and both
> the setting. Its success would require a little thought and fig going to furnish me a dozen a week, he and his son contemplate plantinga
irrigation and fertilizer.- uring. I don't like to knock off fig- the-same as I buy? They certainlywill. large patch of sorghum.-Winsted
hibune. ures of that kind in my head, or some But I must be going now; will item in Eustis Lake Region.






a piece of beeswax about the size of

State News.Mr. Our Rural Home. : an egg wrapped in a thin cloth, and ECZEMA.

- ...,..,.. .......,... -,", J'"' -'"' you will be vexed no more with spot. -

ted gloves. ,I have thoroughly.tested One Physician Pronounced it RingWorm -
Tribute to the Mother.To '
E. $f. :Reasoner is preparing to this. and Prescribed for That '

I plant ten acres of tobacco, and about her care have been intrustedAll Ailment, But the Patient
the heroes of all lands;
five acres will be set out in Cedar Still the fate of church and nation Used Dr. Williams'
hammock. A number of will Holds she in her slender hands. A convenience for women who label Pink Fills and
persons willful feet and falteringOn
plant:i several acres. Braidentown through childhood's happy years their canned or preserved fruit and was Cured.

Journal.T. On With through its hopes youth, its with doubts its,temptations its fears; jellies, is the gummed part of the flapof (From the Free Press, Corning Iowa.)

A. Slack is shipping vegetablesto Cultivating all that's noble unsealed envelopes of circulars cutoff "I was afflicted with what physicians
Gently chiding all that's wrong; assured me was eczema and began doc-
the Palm Beach Inn.-Linton local Till her children gather round her, and kept in any handy place. The for that disease about two
. Men and women, pure and strong. written the label l is Some years
in Sun. We record this name ready. "
Tropical said
By the quiet ministrations, ago, Mrs. Eva L. Evans, of Har-
small_ |item with great pleasure, as it In the little realm of home, thoughtful woman struck the idea, and ris, Iowa, to a reporter a few days ago.

. shows the beginning of a system,which She For hath the structure laid the corner of the stone.ages publishes it, and ,having found it goodI "The first doctor I consulted did me no

means much for the prosperity of Flor- R. New Yorker. pass it along. good at all. He pronounced the disease
ring-worm and gave me remedies for that

ida.With Toilet Cushion.For ailment, but soon found out his error.
pleasure I report,the progressof Our Rural Home. Grass stems gathered in season and "I then tried another physician, with

the Committee on Good Roads. By This is pretty for the woman whose cut about six or eight inches in length some better success but did not succeedin

subscription of money and. labor se- toilet table is fitted up in yellow. and kept in a convenient place, are obtaining permanent relief. On the
contrary, I got worse and my face and
and citizens
cured' from business men Materials required, one stuffed oval just the thing for trying cake when body broke out badly and a severe itch

and also property owners, they have foundation covered with yellow satin, baking. This is another comfort for ing sensation constantly accompanied it.

raised enough to build a shell road (have it of generous size), y yard of those who, as one woman puts it, are This physician pronounced the malady
to DeLeon Springs, a distance of nine their work "ata eczema and I believe now that his
trying through
yellow chiffon, two yards yellow babyribbon get correct. hushand
miles which involves of was My saw
an expense that would Hanks
two skeins white Asiatic honi- rate put Nancy an article on Dr. Williams' Pink Pills in
$I4, oo. Work has ,already com ton silk,' three yards honiton lace the famous trotter, to shame." Once the county papers and at his solicitation

rnenced and will be pushed to a fin- medallions (medium size.) used there will be no return to the I tried them.

ish. The good work they have ac- I Decorate the sides with two double broom splint business. "To make a long story short, I took

complished' in such a short time is !frills of the chiffon, gathered very full.( No NAME. twelve boxes of this wonderful remedyand
than commendable. DeLand relieved. I
more Orlando Fla. am now entirely have
For the adjustable cover cut a pieceof ,
News. not been troubled with the least sign of
fine linen lawn in oval shape and ..
this disease since August, 1895. I had
The British iron Lord Wolse-
ship, scallop the edge using the medallions, I For Easter.For been taking the pills since June of that
ley, now at quarantine, will be loaded applied with the silk. year. I am glad to testify to the worthof
Our Rural Home.
here by Messrs. F. 0. Howe & Co., of this excellent remedy. It not only
In center a design
agents of the Tennessee Coal, Iron pretty open A table-set, consisting of a center- cured me, but my father tried it for la

and Coke Company, of Birmingham, the medallions, in any shape that you piece and doilies, is a very,acceptablegift grippe and was materially benefittedinfact
fancy; the yellow of the cushion underneath he insists that it relieved him at
for who desires to have
with 3,000 tons of pig iron and 800 a lady
will show through in a pretty once. Many of my neighbors are using
table and attractive. .
of coke for Yokohama dainty
tons Japan
Now make two fluffy this remedy at my recommendation and
from which point her cargo will be manner. The material should be fine linen, are enthusiastic in its praise."
for each end the ribbon
rosettes using
distributed. It is learned 'that this and the edges may be either fringed or
and the remainder of the honiton.If [Signed.] MRS.: EVA L. EVANS.
cargo will be followed by others from worked in buttonhole-stitch with Asi- To confirm this statement beyond all

here for the same port, as the company a little more yellow is preferred atic' twisted embroidery silk. doubt Mrs.\ Evans signed the foregoing.

have a large order to fill, and have decorate the center of the cover with The latest decoration has in addition STATE OF IOWA ?t asSigned
buttercups either in a or scat. COUNTY OF ADAMS. S
selected Pensacola as the best port to the flowers, a few loose petals
tered with short stems, in which case this 17th day of March, 1896,
from which to make the shipments.- scattered on the cloth as if blown there
before W. E. HELLEN
use yellow and green Asiatic filo. me. ,
Pensacola News.M. ELIZABETH.Housekeepers' by the wind.Embroidery. Notary Public.

F. B. Munshaw, late of Grand on table linen, to be Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale Pea

Rapids, :Mich., now interested in the quite "up to date" should be all white : pIe are now given to the public as an unfailing -

development of the Apopka ; Conveniences.For but delicate shades are permissible.A I blood builder and nerve restorer,
sawgrass curing all forms of weakness arising
region has invented a cutter cultivatorto Our Rural Home. very dainty set which is especially -
from a watery condition of the blood or
plow and cultivate muck and sod A very satisfactory "hanger" for desirable for Easter, has for decora- shattered nerves. The pills are sold by

lands. It is an unique affair, and waist, basque, coat and vest, etc., can tion sprays of lilies of the valley witha all dealers, or will be sent post paid on

when tested recently is said to have be made at home, by taking a pieceof few of the tiny bell-shaped blooms receipt of price, 50 cents a box, or six

performed the work well. The ma- hoop about eighteen inches long, I scattered over the cloth. boxes for $2.50 (they are never sold in
of old clean muslinornew bulk or hy the 100)), by addressing Dr.Williams' .
a strip The work all be done with
chine is rough and unfinished in may Medicine
appearance Co., Schenectady,
though evidently a good if you prefer-about two inches white Asiatic filo, or the leaves and N. Y.

thing. When perfected its inventor and a half wide, and long enough to stems may be of a delicate shade of -

claims he will be able to plow and cultivate wrap the hoop from end to end. green. R. E. M. Make Your Will.It .
the muslin around the left
Fastening .
the of maidencane
perfectly worst
I will not shorten life but it will
hand end of the which should your ,
or Bermuda sod and leave it in a hoop, Hon. C. B. Collins, State Treasurer, save the shrinkage of what you leave to
be well wind it aroundthe
fine, pulverized condition at once go- covered spirally who has been in the city for several your wife and children, even if the law

ing over.-Orlando Reporter. hoop from left to right, keepingthe weeks past, a guest at Mrs. Carew's, makes the distribution equitably, as you
edge next the left hand turned desire.
-The C. H. Foster comprises in the reservation, has purchased two
grove under so that in overlapping no ravel. AVe have in mind an estate that is
35 acres, mostly seedlings. Mr. Fos- ed edge will appear. When the wholeis fine orange groves on the West Coast, dwindling away; at the rate of $3,000 a

ter has a $12,000 residence erected wrapped and is fastened at the right concluding the trade today.How's year, the administrators holding on by a
this W. K. technicality and getting good
upon profitable property. hand end which should be thereby a
income. A will would have the
Trimble has one-third of This I
25 acres,
with needle and thread
covered, then a estate with practically no cost.
which are seedlings, the remainder be- begin at the left end and take a few We offer One Hundred Dollars Rewardfor We are reminded"of another,where the

ing budded. Dr. L. R. Warren has stiches in each lap, going around ;and any case of Catarrh that can not be widow is entangled in the meshes of the

22 acres in seedling and budded trees. around until the other end is reached. cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. law; the income of a large estate is feed-

Kirkhuff& Crouter have 50 acres and when the "hanger is ready for the J. CHENEY & CO.,Props., Toledo, ing the lawyers, and the heirs are wrang-

preparing to in 10 acres more. Ohio.We ling. The whole estate be exhaustedin
are put may
hoop by which to hang it up, and the undersigned, have known F. J. litigation.Have .
A. J. Pettigrew has 25 acres, W. R. which should be made of stout stuff'and Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe the courage to make a will and
Whitaker 20 acres, J. Gates 18 acres, middle him perfectly honorable in all business
fastened to the of the hoopor change it as profits and losses may makeit
J. H. Viser 15 acres, J. C. Pelot 15 transactions and financially able to carry necessary.
hanger.To _
acres F. H. Pettigrew acres and out any obligations made by their firm. .
13 ...
it the ends into the ---
use ,put armholes West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo
the Atwood grove 15 acres. The ten- of the garment, the hoop coming 0.. Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, I The beet sugar industry bids fair to

. acre groves will aggregate 240 acres, out at the neck. The article is thus Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio. ; rival the cane in this country. Throughout -

while smaller groves will make a total kept nicely in shape and free from Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, various parts of the West there is a
the blood and mu- clamor for beet factories that will
of 335 acres more, altogether a grand acting directly upon sugar
total of acres of good wrinkles.To cous surfaces of the system. Price, 75c. make a market for the beets at $-I per
795 orange grove
per bottle Sold by all Druggists. Testi- ton. There are parts of the South thA
the south side of the Manatee
property will the beet
monials free. grow more profitablycane
river. The exact acreage on the prevent kid gloves from spottingas In pruning the grape allow five canesor or cotton. A sandy clay soil,J

north side of the river cannot be arrived they do so badly ,in Florida, keep vines to each post, cutting back every ily fertilized seems to meet the bee

at.-Florida Citizen. them in a glass jar,in.which also keep year. quirements.




--- --
-- --
furnish green'winter feed for his cows
:Pain-Killer. and chickens. SEEDLING PECAN TREES. ; 11"

(PBtXT Dills'.) Jones-But what most impressed me

A Sore and Safe Remedy In every case was an article by E. S.Johnson, in the !
: and Ribera Pecan Grove and Pecan
: every kind of Bowel Complaint Scientific American, which paper Nursery,. .

PainKiller.SOUs gathered the facts given us by the ON BLACKWATEB BAY SANTA ROSA COUNTY.FLORIDA.

Ruralist in regard to the crop lien. 1896--1897

Is a true statement and It can't be The writer says the magnificent op
SEEDLING PECAN TREES, Two Years Old from my own Pecans.15 to pinches
: :made too.etrong or.too_emphatic.' portunities''' which exist at the South 20,000,and many even higher, at $io. oo per hundred.with liberal discount In low of 1,000 and -, a simple'" safe and quick core for :. for making and building homes by im on over.receipt.Terms No Cash responsibility with order.after Shipment directed. Transit charges to be paid by purchaser- -v _:. .

Cramps Conch, Rheumatism, migrants, for the profitable investmentof Box 4, Bagdad, Florida. ARTHUR.BROWN.
Colic, Cold, Neuralgia, :
capital, and the practical application
: Diarrhoea, Croup, Toothache.
: of the arts and sciences HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE
: TWO SIZES! 25c.aad SOc. .' are now
so well known to reading and ,observant
men that it is almost a waste of
FARM TALKS. time to call attention to detailed conditions GARDEN AND FIELD REEDS

in the South. -
The Unsaved Wealth of the South-Why the Smith-He does not real
probably JfST Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed .
'South Is Not More Prosperous. ize the of work
amount necessary to 1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oatsj5! cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25,cents per
Jones-Since our last talk the Ru- convince the country of these possi-- pound;Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.

ralist has given us a picture story of bilities.

one,of the principal causes of the lack Jones-He says that'in cotton seed P. F. WILSON SEEDSMAN

of prosperity in the South, which I lulls,there is practically an inexhaustible ,

think will be impressed upon the mindof supply of wealth to the South. I GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA.

every thinking farmer who sees it. Years of experience have demonstrated -

Smith-True. The main source of that they are almost complete food still is king if all its product is utilized. mm *

wealth not so much what is earnedas for cattle, and only for quickly fatten- The Texas farmers, who are the most .

what is saved. I can recollect ing them there is a more concentrated progressive of any in the South, are SMOKE YOUR MEAT WITH,

when the packing houses in the North. food necessary. The weight of these getting on to it, and it is a fact .that KRAUSERS' LIQUID fXTRAct) FSMOKE

ern cities saved only the hams, shoulders hulls is about equivalent to that of the Chicago beef we pay so high prices .CIRCU' F MR.LKRM1SER&BRD.U1UON.RI ".

sides and lard of the hog. The cotton lint, or a product of say five for is partly made from cotton seed -
poor 'people in multitudes came with hundred times eight million bales hulls. C'UP.'EO'DATE!?

their baskets to carry away the spare which give four billion pounds of cot Jones-It would certainly seem that

ribs, tenderloins and other pieces not ton seed hulls. The average price of the redemption of{ the Southern farmer iJlXt JClin S

included in the above, which the packers these hulls at the mills is about $3.25per is within reach. Knowledge, put U J' l AM BRASS. J !

were glad to get rid of. But now ton. The commercial value as a into practice! will enable him to get paid.817.00 Will outnt spray for a 88.00.10-acre

not only'all this refuse above referredto fertilizer is $lo a ton. The value of out from under the crop lien. With per day. 75,000 In use. Satisfaction raartfl-

is ;:saved, but every portion of the the; manure from the fed cotton seed general farming, stock raising and teed Treatise or money on Spraying't'd Ag'ts Catalogue wanted. and Ex

hog; the hair,, the ,entrails. the blood, hulls is about 90 per cent of the hulls. dairy products, he will not be at the elusive territory given. Rapid sellers. Many'
of our agents are making from{10 to$15 per day.
thebones are converted into articles The farmer who feeds the hulls first >>. ? -
mercy of the transportation companiesas ____1 LEWIS MFG. CO.,Boxf ,CatoklU N.
of merchandise, and we Southern has the value for stock food and nearlyall is the fruit and truck grower, and -

farmers are paying from $25 to $40 a the value in the manure, after all the States except Florida, can be 40 WEST BAY STREET.

ton for the latter to fertilize our cotton growing the stock for market or for the relied upon, through their Legislatures Dr. W. F. CONNMY Dentist,
fields and to the milk butter cheese for the ,
orange groves,adding or dairy. for protection from range cattle
wealth_of the North, while more value Smith-Then the stock farmer who and hogs, and there is hope that the (Graduate Dental Department) Universityof ,

able fertilizers within our reach that feeds the hulls eats his cake and hasit pressure upon the law makers there, Bridging and Crowning Maryland a Specialty and all other

might be saved,, are annually going to too, in the fertilizer. when they see the losses to the State work done under the most modern methods.
waste or are unsaved, or unmade, fhat Jones The writer estimates a gross !. from the want of protection to those im Residence 304 West Ashley Street.

a little forethought and energy would profit of $i i a ton on cotton seed hulls who are the sources of its prosperity, .

enrich our lands at little cost. fed to cattle and a net profit of $7.50 will grant tardy justice.-So. Ruralist. i. STEEKLER SEED ED., bintitd,

Jones-I see that Dr. Mellette above the value of other feeds. .... ,
says, -- --- MARY T. FROTSCHER, President
in the Florida Agriculturist, that he. Smith-It would seem that in the Certain fishermen are ,daily (or Successors to
paid last over $100 for cow feed .South there are more profits going to Richard Frotscher's Gravier Street Branch Store,
year the laws of the state
nightly) Nos.518 and 520 Gravier St.,New Orleans, La.,
waste than the Eastern farmer realizes
while his own land would producemore in drawing their nets within the mile Importers and dealers in Flower, Field and
and better cow feed than altogether. there Garden Seeds. Grasses clover, bulbs, seed potatoes -
any limit of the Inlet. Sunday were and fruit trees in their season, Conductedby
land on which the feed was grown for Jones-Let me read to you what immense schools of blue fish and relatives ofthe late Richard Frotscher. Order

which he paid $100. :Mr. Johnson says in summing up the Spanish mackerel entering the lake through send for one Richard free. Frotscher's manual of 1896 or

Smith-I suppose he refers to the question: from the ocean, several fishermenwere

cow pea, which Dr. M. says is hay It is difficult to conceive of any. sit on hand drawing nets within
and corn in one. uation in which a farmer could be scarcely a stone's throw of the inlet. Orange growers who have tried it

Jones-Dr. M. says the trouble has placed in populous territory in the I. There is no reason why the fishing are convinced that they have solved
fertilization of
been how to cure it. He has settled United States where he starts out with should not be good in every portionof the problem of cheap
of the velvet
in the
that question by planting the peas in conditions so favorable to success, or the lake except that these law groves
the middle of July, when they makean where he has a finer opportunity of breakers head them off-Tropical Sun. bean. It is a rank and rapid grower,

upright branching stalk, and which I producing wealth from using an un- completely chokes out all grass and
M. Riche for the French
for the
agent weeds, leaving nothing grove
matures after the rainy season when dervalued product which can be had
he cuts and ties in bundles and cures in practically unlimited quantity. Addto phosphate company, operating in this owner to do but occasionly turn the
county, has just returned from a pros- ends of the vines from the trees. The
in his barn so sweetly that the sight this that such lands as have been
visit to Tennessee where he shade the
pecting form dense
vines a over
and smell made his cows laugh. And described can be had at a very low
several weeks in the phosphatefields and in the winter form
spent ground a
he claims that with the cow and the price, because of their more or less
in that state. He that the several inches
says of rotting vegetation
condition and also because of
agricultural possibility worn ,
cow pea every .
rock is better than the
Tennessee fertilizes the
is within reach of the Southern- farmer. the present general depression in rea! thick, which- sufficiently. .
Florida rock and is easier mined. In
He calls attention his winter estate, the probability of a large profit grove for a year and after gatheringthe
addition to this the rate of transportation overlooked
? garden, the results of the cow and the from the enrichment of the land, and beans. enough are :to
'was to the seaboard thanit Re-
cheaper the
next crop.-Orlando
and unearned increment from the
cow pea, yet there are people who the
is in this state notwithstandingthat this will do de
porter. But not to
of all Southern
will endure Dakota blizzards and buta probably rapid growth
the distance is much farther. It
of the
four months' growing season with all cities in the near future, and it is pend on as a source necessary
is evident that Florida has a formid-- mineral fertilizers.J. .
these possibilities ot successful agri scarcely possible to point out any better able in Tenne see.-:
culture in the best climate in the world I illustration which the South offers competitor H. Tatum received 130 poundsof

and to be had from $2 to $10 an !of her many and great opportunitiesthan Gainesville Sun. Cuban tobacco seed last week whichhe

is contained in this long-despised Oviedo, Orange county, is a small has been letting the growers have

-I see he followed his cow and still greatly. undervalued article, place but $1,000 have been raised by at $1 a pound, and nearly all have

rye ,to secure the fertilizer cotton seed hulls. the citizens for improving the public been taken.-Bartow Courier-Infor-,:'

; peas had gathered, and to Smith-It is possible that cotton I roads.-Leesburg Commercial. mant. '.; ,.




This system of display signals was tried OCALA TOBACCO CONVEN- on plants, and especially on tobacco
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower some years ago in the strawberry region TION. growing. His admirable address will

*. and was abandoned because of shortly be published by the State Experiment -
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main }jts ineffectiveness. Some Salient Features. Station, and all who desire a

Street +la. The meeting opened with about 125 copy can secure the same by applying-

It is a superstition as old as historyand delegates, and Col.! W. D. Chipleywas for it. It will contain a mine of wealthon

which will probably never die out, chosen temporary chairman. He this important subject.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION recited his and President Duval's
based on human imagination ears Gadsden county had a strong delegation -
for One Tear,.........................., of corn give notice of a cold winter by efforts in inducing the planters of in Messrs. W. M. Corry, H.

For Biz Month........................ ..... x.oo : providing themselves with uncommon. Middle and West Florida to grow Curtis, L. L. Gee.Ir.. Corry and

In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 ly thick husks, squirrels by laying up tobacco instead of cotton. He referredto Mr. Curtis both read prepared papers,

;ubecriptionfl in all cases cash in an unusual supply of nuts, frogs by Professor Moodie as the pioneer: while the former took the lead in a
advance. No discount allowed on one'sownsubecripUonexceptinaclubbutte hibernating in deeper holes than common tobacco grower of the State and to discussion for higher tariff duties on

( etc. The writer has husked. President Duval, of the F. C. & P. R. imported Cuba tobacco, claimingthat
all agents a liberal cash commission will hundreds of bushels of corn and has R., as the man who brought skilled instructors cigar manufacturers of Tampaand

be allowed on all subscriptions obtained found that the thickness of the huskis into the State to teach the Key West made annually$1,000-
them. Write for terms.
natives how and it and
to plant cure
entirely an individual characteristic; ooo at the expense of the tobacco
To every new subscriber we will send, with it had come success for in 1896
Whitner's "Garden- that there may be ears with thick cov- growers of this country. The matter
postpaid, a of
ing in Florida.copy" For two new subscribers ering and others with thin in the same the tobacco crop of Gadsden county was discussed at length, but the following -

at $3.00 each, we will send, shock, especially in a field for which had sold for over $500,000--more resolution introduced by Mr.

postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange the seed has not been carefully select- money by twenty per cent than Henry Curtis finally prevailed:
Culture." Marion had ever received for her or-
ed for uniformity. The squirrel's sup Resolved, That it is the sense of

Bates of advertising OD...application. ply of nuts laid up for winter depends anges in any one year. this meeting that a uniform rate of
He hoped such a spirit would be
the abundance of the
entirely on crop be all tobacco imported
duty imposed on -
Remittances should be made by check, infused
amongIarion's farmers that
and the size of the hollow in the tree
into the United States at $1.50a
postal note money order or registered of
in case another freeze she would
letter to order of in which they are stored. pound, regardless of grade and_ ,
have a staple to fall back on that
.A.BMlfB AND FRUIT OBOWEE. quality, and a committee of five rep-
would withstand frost and not be as
Jacksonville Fla. Florida Sumatra Tobacco.Mr. perishable as resentative growers be appointed to
oranges.Dr. the claims of this before
Adolph Hovelle, of Orange 0. Clute, of the State Agricul present body
the house committee and
county, who Is accounted an expertin tural College, then made an able ad. on ways
CONTENTS.Railroad tobacco, says to the prospective dress on "Tobacco Culture in Flor means, and such committee shall ap-
growers: "Beware of Sumatra seed ida." point a hearing when they take up the

Comm is'ion......... ............ 50 grown in the United States; it dete- He spoke of the desirable qualitiesin tobacco schedule.Of .
GROVZ AND OKCHAKD-The Six-Spotted tiorates and will produce white veins." tobacco, which were taste, aroma, Mr. Corry's talk before the con
Mite-The Mexican Worm.
Orange 51 vention the Times-Union containedthe
combustion texture and color. Our
About, Jamaica Oranges-Letter from On the orher hand, Mr. Henry ,
Prost-" Proof.-.......... 52 Curtis, a recognized authority, of soil and climate made these qualitiesin following account:
Transplanting Orange Trees What Gadsden county, where they raise the highest degree. He then showedby Mr. Corry, of the Owl Tobacco

Fruits to Plant......M.MMM................ 53 quantities of Sumatra leaf, and oughtto undisputed evidence that Florida Company, Quincy, gave a short his
TOJIA. 1tnreln PloridaNo.2Ulwrtrated: ( ). 53 had leaf tobacco of the tory of the company's farm near
know something about it in grown highest
Chemical Fertilisers for Tobacco ......... 54 says said
and with the Quincy. He his people came to
'p'C'R.AND TRUCKER-Important Point in his published circular of instructions; grade by comparison

Strawberry Culture....................... 54 "Sumatra seed, either fresh or grownin best of Cuba-so said the tobacco Quincy, in Gadsden county nine
Shipping Lettuce-Norlhern-grown Seed the State one or two will committee at the Cincinnati exposi-- years ago, after satisfying themselvesthat
Potatoes........ .......;................. 55 give good results." years tion in 1888. all the conditions were favorable
PoutTav-Dogs and Hens Notts Ion| Back The North Carolina for growing tobacco. They pur.
Numbers Room for a Flock.......... -... 55 Mr. E.' A. Lindsley, a very suc- experiment chased of land established
bulletin 122 said Florida had. 17,000 ,
OCR RURAL HOME-Tribute to the Mother- cessful grower near Jacksonville, wrappers
' no superior and Mr. Estes the Wisconsin I nine plantations, over each of
Toilet Cushion-Housekeeper s Conveniences who has been engaged in the busi ,
-For Easter-Make your Will..... 56 expert, said our best tobaccohas which they placed a superintendentand
State News..............___.......... 56 ness eight or ten years, and who no equal.A an assistant, provided dwellings,.
Farm Talks.............................. 57 manufactures all his tobacco into ci barns and implements of culture.
test was made of cigars of the
KorrouAL Prost Signals-Florida Sumatra gars, stated to us that he could not The barns
numbered and in
Ft. Meade tobacco and the best Cuban ,
Tobacco-The Ocala Tobacco Convention afford Sumatra because it is
S8 to grow ,
Markets-Business Notices................. 59 so bitter as to be unfit for fillers, so smokers mixed up and given to experts size were 40x108 feet. They had 85:
FIBER PLANTS-An English Ramie PactoI),, 60 that all in and they could not tell whichwas miles of wire fence and 140 miles>f
State Items ... ........................... 62 scraps made cutting out which. wood fence. They had four large
Miscellaneous Items................IV.OT64. At the the wrappers have time to be thrown away. We have the climate and soil. We warehouses in Quincy, in which they

same he claimed that have grown fine tobacco, and can do did all the sweating, curing, assort.
by resweating these in an old
Weather in Jacksonville. whisky barrel the bitterness scraps could be I so again-all that is needed is intelligence ing and boxing.For .
i and skill and the industry will five months in the year they
extracted that the
so could be I
Week Ending Jan. 18,1897 scraps
be remunerative. Florida has land and the
employed ,
put in a cigar and not be unpleasant 1,200 persons gave
as.. a. I but quite the reverse. This sub- enough suitable for growing to supplythe year around work to 500 persons,
DATE.Jan. i d = oS Range V Ill h stantially with Mr. Hovelle's world. We also have plenty of desirable whose salaries and those of the other
:3 S! :S:i agrees
eo OB labor. employes of the in Quincy
company .
--- - statement that the cigar maker whois
12.Dec. ........ 46 49 59 46 13 52 .00 He touched on the question of cur. aggregated $150,000 yearly.
Sumatra "resweats these
........ using cut-
13 41 57 65 38 27 52 .00
Dec.14.. ....... 57 65 71 54 I? 62 .00 tings in old cider, Jamaica rum and ing the leaf when grown, and spoke of They cultivated last year nine hundred
Tan r5........ 59 sS 6Q 58 II 64 .00 the difficulties that had been in the acres in tobacco, which produced
Jan. 16........ 54 SI 60 51 9 S6 .00 other ingredients, which process elim-
aD. 17 ........ 49 6.t 72 48 24 60 .00 inates the bitter taste and uses themas way, but which time would overcome. 2,500 bales, besides 1,500 acres in
Jan. 18 ........ -59 -.56 -67 -56 -9 -60 -T. fillers. The cigar made, from these Much of the tobacco grown in the past corn and 300 in peas, peanuts and

Mean ......... 52 56 66 50 16 58 T. cuttings is called scrap cigar, in distinction was of poor quality, but so had it beenin sweet potatoes. They produced 17-

Total rainfall. T.Trace.A. from the long filler cigar in Cuba. The best is always at the 000 bushels of oorn, 1,000 bushels of

.J. MITCHELL Observer. which the bunch is made from entire, top in price and result. This is whatwe peas, 1,000 of peanuts and 3,000 tons

.,.. leaves." must labor for. Some men had of hay. Many people said the hay
succeeded; others could. Central was no good, but it was as good as
The Florida East Railroad On the other hand, :Mr. Curtis The
Coast sweating houses were requisite where any grown. company used no
Company have announced that their stated to us that Sumatra, where much tobacco was grown, but these other and found sale for the surplus.

freight trains will hereafter fly the grown in Florida, improves and acquires would come with the industry.This The annual crop of Gadsden County

Weather Bureau frost-warning or cold- an agreeable odor, and, furthermore time was Florida's opportunity, tobacco was 4,000 acres, not two

wave signal. This a square white flag that he never heard of its and it should be improved. It was one per cent of which remained in the

with a black center. This is good so being used for any other purpose of the plainest, yet most impressive and farmers' hands on October i, 1896,

far as it goes, but is not so effective as except for wrappers.So instructive addresses delivered. and that was there because it was

the whistle, because Florida is a, flat in any event, whichever expertis Professor Moodie, president of the improperly grown and of poor quality.He .

country full of pine woods, and the correct, it seems to be not only State Association, followed, and spoke said there was no trouble in grow

signal will not be seen by many growers. safe but advisable for the Florida learnedly and eloquently on "Rock ing, but the trouble was there wa """

Growers generally will'not take growers to raise Sumatra and to use Bottom Facts," geographically consid- enough of it grown in Florid

the trouble to warn their neighbors, seed as fresh from the island as pos- ered in tobacco growing. He told all you grow more, you will have]

unless they happen to meet them. sible. about climate, soil and rock influences buyers.


r .


_ "..
Markets to 2.00 per crate. Egg plants of strictly THE < :.
; fine, bnght color and good size have sold -

readily at comparatively full prices but
many of the receipts, have been spottedor
dull color or small, and for ,
JACKSONVILLE FLA. January 23. such values are uncertain and irregular -
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. Strictly ,fancy large and ripe tomatoes

Corrected by Marx Bros. smooth and free from blemishes The Oldest National Bank in the State.
have been scarce'and occasionally reach-
. These are average quotations. Extra choice ing 4 00 crate this quality is
per ; exceptional CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.By .
iota fetch prices above top quotations,while poor most of the best lots are
lotsselllower. ; conservative,yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
freely offered at 3 00 to 3 60 and green or .
................... to strength and ability to meet legitimate demands.We
FloridaOraages 3.00 3 50 down There is domestic
small and sell
Apples, ..................:........bbl 2.00 to :.30 range indefinitely. drafts buy all of foreign the world.and exchange on the most favorable terms,drawing. our_ own
Pines, ..... .................... crate 4.00 very little demand for beets and crate We on invite parts visit toward business relations that
Lemons, Messina............... box'' 3.25 stock has accumulated although offeredat favors shall at a all times or correspondence receive intelligent,looking and careful attention ,assuring you your
English Peas,dried......;.......bu 1.50 l lower choice bunched i.,
Peanuts,best brand...... ........ .04 prices. Strictly JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY'
Cabbage. Florida.:..............each .0734 beets would sell very well if the tope were :
Potatoes,Burbank..:..... ........bbl 1.75 fresh and green; they would probably President. Cashier.
...... ......5 barrel lots 1.40 5 00 to 6 00 hundred but Safe Rent. -
bring we see For
." ....................sack: 1.45 per the Deposit.Boxes
j '. .........:.....5 sack lots 1.40 none of this quality. If tops are
N.Y. Early Rose,seed.. 1.85 much wilted it spoils the sale. Very few

"" Maine Maine early hebron rose "" .... 2.25 new squashes arriving. Good green pep- SEEDS SEEDS SEEDS !'! .

Maine peerless .. 2.00 pers are in fair demand, choice large occasionally I-
Dakota reds 2.00 exceeding quotation. Lettucewas

Onions N.Y.............. ... bbl 3.75 lower and over-plenty early in the
Peas,black eye ...... .......bushel 1.50 and Garden Seeds
brcwn-eye................bu 1.25 week, but toward the close choice lots
14. clay.................. ......bu 1.25 are held a shade firmer. New Orleans ADAPTED TO THE SOUTH. 1.50 lettuce escarole and chickory. have arrived -
Turnips,N.Y.....................bbl z 50ieeu. ,
......ft......................Dui 2.00 in small lots, but have met onlya ONION SETS
Parsnips,....................._....bbl 2.50 light demand at rather unprofitable .
Carrots, ..........................bbl 2.50 prices. RED AND YELLOW, $4.00 'per Bushel. .
................doz .18
B . u" .
I.U-- Beets, new, per bushel crate 50c to WHITE, $4.50 J h.:;

60c; Cucumbers, Florida, per crate, 2.00 Send for price list.

VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. to 5.00; Cabbages per 100, 3.00 to 4.00; L. CAMERON, Seedsman,

Cauliflower fancy, bbl, 6.00 to 7.00,
Corrected by Davis& Robinson. per J'ookson'VlllEFlorida.' .
com. to prime, 2.00 to 5.00; Eggplants, .
Yellow Yams, .,........._......bush .3010 35 2.00 -
.... .......... .25 to Florida, per | bbl box, 1.00 to ;
Hubbardsquaai, ................bbl 1.5. 0 Lettuce, New Orleans, per bbl. 4.00 to; superior to all other materials used
Lettuce .......... ...............doz no demand. 5.00, Florida, per } bbl basket, 75c to RA.FFIA.Acknowledged Bold by the pound. U boa
Celery .............. ........... 3oto .35 Bermuda crate 1.75 a sample and quotations.
Egg Plants..................... bbl 1.50 1.50; Onions per FOR TYING BUDS AND CRAFTS THOMAS HEEHAN & SONS
Tomatoes ....................crates 1.5010 2.00 I to 2.25; Peas, Florida, per crate, 1.50 ,GarmantowD.Pt.
Sweet Pepper,.. .......... bu 1.50 to 2.50, per basket, 1.50 to 2.75; Peppers -
Green Beans,...... ........... crate 1.25 Florida l'l"3.te carrier 1.00 ..
Pumpkins, ................... each .05 to .10 per or ..-- --
Kershaws,..... ..... ........:.each .03 to .10 to 1.50; Squash, Florida, white, per'
Parsley, ..........per doz.bunches .20 to .25 crate, 50c to 75c; String beans, Florida, California Navels 3.00 to 3.50; Seedlings, Uraalell Rvtjitlit.' Kuutnt It.bofABUSHbD liedflrld
Green onions,.....per doz. bunches .15 wax per crate, 2.00 to 3.20, express, 2.50 2.50 to 3.00. Pineapples, Florida, i : Id?!.
Pepper hot.................bushel .75 6.00 7.00.
Sage, well cured, .25 to 3.25, green freight per crate, 2.00 to crates, 3.00 to 5.00; crates, to REDFIELD & SON!,
Hens......... _.._........??..... 30KoosLe.s. 3.25; Tomatoes southern Florida, per carrier Strawberries, Florida, refrigerator 45c to
.................._.-.....__ .25 1.50 to 4.00. 50c; ordinary, 30c to 35c; Cal., refrigerator -
Half grown...........r..... .... .15 to. ..10.20Turkeya.per 1Philadelphia* fancy, pt., 25c to 30c. Tomatoes, Commission Merchants
pound gross ....
Ducks......._............ :........ .25 to .30 Markets. Florida, earners,extra fancy, 4.00 to 4.50; ; AND-
a Geese. ......_...................... 35 to .40 boxes, 3.50 to 4.00; ordinary, 2.00 to 3.00.
Leeks...........per doz bunches. .25 Philadelphia January 13.-Strawberries Florida boxes fancy 3.00 to 3.50 ordin- Fruit Auctioneers
Radishes, ...................per doz no demand. light and irregular qual- ;
Cucumbers,...... '.............crate 3.00102.50 -Receipts ary, 1.50 to 2.00. Beans, Wax, extra 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
Spinach .' .............per bushel .75 ity; sales generally range from 50 to 65 fancy, bu., 3.50 to 4.00; Green, 3.00 to
Cabbage, Florida. .................. .04 to .06 cents per quart; choice stock, in good 3.50 Green and Wax, ordinary; 1.50 to We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,

I'v Salsify Lima Beans, ...............per......dozen....bunches...quart .10 to none.124 condition, is inquired for and would 2.50.; Peas, extra fancy, bu., 3.00 to 4.00. either at private sale(which has heretofore been

Green peas, ..... ............ crate 2.00 command much higher prices. Lettuce, N. 0. Head, fancy, bbl., 4.00 to our custom) or by the auction system (recently
Turnips,...................... bunch no demandFlorida Cauliflower, per orange box, 3.00 to 4.50; Florida Head, fancy. bbl., 2.50 to added to our business)as you may desire.
.... .. section .10
Honey .pound barrel 7.00 to 10.00. (Avoid
Pecans,Florida.......... ... .pound .08 to .09 5.00; per 3.00; half bbl., 1.25 to 1.75; bu., 75c to
New Potatoes ................bushel 1.00 to 1.25 cutting too small, ventilate packages) 1.00. Egg Plants, Florida, fancy, bbl.
.... .....doz.bunches .25 Green crate or basket, 2.00 to .......
Water-Cress. peas per crates,2.50 to 4.00;; small crates, 1.50 to ..... ..... ..........
' '
4.00; string beans, green, per crate or 2.00; bu., hampers, 1.25 to 1.50, Green
GAME. basket 2.00 to 2.50; wax, 2.00 to 2.50; Peppers, Florida, box, 1.40to 2.00. Okra, QUICK WORK .1

Quail............................each .10 cucumbers, per crate or basket, 3.50 to Florida, box, 1.00 to 1.25. Beets, fancy, ,
Doves ,.................... .... each .05 5.00; tomatoes, choice to fancy ripe, per doz. bunches, 75c to 90c. In selling and paying for Fruits and,Teg, each .06 to .08 carrier, 2.00 to 3.50; green, per carrier, SOMERS BBO. & Co. etables shipped to us is our motto. WE
Wild Ducks ... ............... each .15 to .75 bunch 5 to GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Wild Turkeys................... each 15 to i.oo 1.00 to 2.00; beets new, per FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
Rabbits........................each .10 8c; squash, per orange box, 1.00 to 1.50;; Business Notices. BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
---.-- eggplants, per orange. box.,.1.50to2.00; by our 40 years experience without defaulting
New York Market. per barrel, 3.00- -- to 4.00--; cabbage, barrelor PINEAPPLE CIRCULAR.-One of the a dollar. Enquire as to our standingand
financial which bank
+ b. c., 2.00 to 2.25; peppers, carrier or most elegant little leaflets we' have seen merchants having stability mercantile any reports can or

ORANGES. box 2.00 to 2.50; lettuce, receipts heavy, for a long: time is the one verify-then try: us-WE BELIEVE OUR
t Arrivals have been light and the de- per basket,75c to 1.5oranges( ; Florida, Messrs. Wilson & Toomer "The Fertily METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send

mand fair for desirable qualities, but choice to fancy, 3.00.tol.OO; grape fruit, izer House of Florida." The first page is your cards name free.for Letters our quotations.promptly Stencil answered and

prices have shown about the same rangeas 6.00 to 8.00; Tangerines, 8.00 to 12.00. occupied by a cut of a pineapple, whichis

formerly; a exceptionally fine lots REDFIELD & Son.Buffalo colored and tinted to life-a perfect FRENCH & CO.,

of sound, bright fruit of desirable size t gem of art, showing even the delicate
have been placed at $4.00 to 4.50, latter Market frosting or bloom on the under side of 116 Warren St., New :York.

exceptional. Undergrades have moved the leaves. The text, devoted to pine-
slowly. Tangerines, mandarins and Buffalo, N. Y.,January 13.-Quotations apple fertilizers and pulverized tobacco ESTABLISHED 1855.

grape fruit still bring full prices when of from Buffalo for Florida: Very fancy stems, is of great practical interest to A....... .. .-.-.-.............,
exceptionally{ fancy quality of which the long cucumbers 1.00 to 1.25 per dozen; growers. -

. offerings are small. There is little demand fair to good, 50 to 75 cents dozen; fancy i SOUTHERN CITRUS NURSERIES:! A significant -

for medium and low grades. well ripened tomatoes, 6 basket carriers, fact in the present situation is the

. 8TR WDEBRIES. 3.00 to 3.50; unripe, etc., 2.25 to 2.50 per springing-up of nurseries in the extreme The Bawls-Williams Company,

carrier; fancy, well colored strawberries, southern part of the State. See the ad. ",
.V1 OI.ESAI.4EProdilce
A few have arrived this week; the open soft etc. 40 to
65 to 75 cents; very green, of the Winter Haven Nurseries. Aleo,
crates by express were of ordinary 50 cents; lettuce, 2.00 to 2.50 per half those of Phoenix and Braidentown Nurseries -

._ quality and sold mainly at 30 to 40 cents. barrel basket; peas, 2.50 to 3.00 per bushel I all of which seem to be doing a and Commission.COUNTRY
Some by refrigerators were finebetterthan crates. Ship via New York, as New business. .

usual for the first-and brought 75 York shipments, ordered by fast freight thriving ..,..
cents, rarely a shade more. from New York. and
i Humus compacts sandy soils PRODUCE AND POULTRY
SOUTHERN GREEN VEGETABLES. BATTEBSON & Co. soils and deposits of humus a spc.ciaU
lightens clay Fruits
and in
Mf Domestic Foreign season. C*
Arrivals of Florida vegetables have S. > are like deposits in a bank, subjectto
Grain Flour and Canned Goods.
been moderate;" in general fancy qualities PittsDurg Markets. draft by the progressive farmer. STATE AGENT EXCELSIOR MALT.
of nearly all kinds have been salable
at good prices. Beans have advancedd Oranges.Florida, fancy, bright, 3.50 to Corn makes the best of food for finish- Honest Returns Guaranteed same day of sale.

a close quite firm for strictly choice 4.00; Russets,3.50 to 4.00;Ordinary, .OO to ing the hogs for the market after the lean Consignments solicited. Give us a trial

ring and tender stock, last! arrivals of 3.50. Grape Fruit, fancy. Tangerines, meat is made, but a diet largely of roots, We will,be pleased to send you our Quotationson

reaching 3 to 3.25, latter price ratherone fancy, 4.00 to 5.00. Mandarins, fancy, clover, cane (sorghum), and wheat mid- application.
bbls. stufl)) and bran makes lean Offices and Salesroom, soo and sot West Bay St.
; coarse or otherwise defective 3.00 to 4,00 Oranges,' Jamaica dlings (
e i had to go at irregular prices, down 5.00 to 6.00; boxes 3.00 to 3.50. Oranges, meat the quickest and cheapest. Warehouses* F.C.&P.Yards, Jacksonville, FUu*






-- ,. "

but some of the processes have been
Fibre Plants.
proved to exercise a deleterious
_ f:. t :J. r- ,,. ;- very
- --, -- -.. effect upon the fabrics, though, at the Oranges ,
illy ; TL-h ;
An"English Ramie Factory. same.time, readily accomplishing the
extraction of the gum. In the pro-

The various processes in operationat cess witnessed yesterday, the boiling are heavy feeders of Potash

Wraysbury are a most' interesting; "takes_ place in an open vat or bath, Potash exerts- : marked influ

study. After careful 'research and heated from underneath by,means of the and ,
ence on quality
many experiments, :the Syndicate has an ordinary furnace. The tank, as quantity

succeeded in perfecting and patenting will be seen from the ,sketch, contains of the fruit. Florida soils ,"'

a sgt tfffyMpffy\! specially; adaptedfor perforated rotating cylinders into being largely deficient in Potash

ramie manufacture. With the perfected which the material is put and kept a heavy application of'a

plani'of f ungumming, bleach. continually on the move. From two fertilizer less Shortest Q Quickest Most ''AttraclYBFLORIDA
containing not ,
ing, preparing,,combing, and spinningat to three hours' boiling dissolves the ,

Hytthe End Mill, Mr. Burrows demonstrates gum, and the fibre becomes both than 12% ofActual R 0 U :B"

: thg J possibilities I of turning ,beautifully soft( ,and clean, but in .t this BETWEEN
2 > S--- :
out yarn at a price to, compete withflax raw state it is fit only lor the makingof Potashshould POINTS' AND THE' NORTH

or mohair, and at about one-third ropes and coarse goods. To adopt THB

the price ot s'piui silk: The constitutionof the fibre for higher textiles the ramie be made. The best Florida Central and Peninsular

ramie, Mr. Burrows explained, is so ribbons are introduced to a bleachingtank NEW

en\5\ ely different from, hemp, flax,and and undergo for one and a hall groves in the state will bear THROUGH ROUTES..

other'teziile'plants that the fibre must l hours another secret chemical process. testimony to these facts.All New Florida Pennsylvania New York to Jacksonville' R. to'Washington by-

be treated by a wholly different meth This bleaching l gives the fibre a delicate about Potash-the results of its use by actual ex.periment and } Southern Railway to
the best farms in the United States NorthernAir Columbia,'Florida"Central &
od. It cannot be cotton on -is :
spun on and" ,silky appearance, and has no told in a little book which we publish and will gladly Line. Peninsular to all'principal.
machinery; on wool, flax, and' silk' hurtful effect upon it ,as in the case mail free to any farmer in America who will write for it. points in Florida.' <
it works well. GERMAN'KALI WORKS, Cincinnati to Haniman JunoCincinnati
waste machinery fairly
where caustic soda i is
employed or 93 Nassaa St.,New York, tion by Queen & Crescent r,
Special plant, however, is necessaryto where the process is 'high pressure 1 Harriman Junction to Ashe-
Asheville & yule and Columbia by Southern
treat the fibre economically, and,to steaming. An obstacle to overcome Railway, and Florida-

enable a cheap yarn to be, producedthat has been the reducing of the bleachedor FAIRVIEW PINERY. Jacksonville bia Central&Pensnsular-Colum-.
J to Jacksonville.Cincinnati
will permit manufacturers to buyit ungummed filasses into a suitable to Jacksonville by

either for its strength or for its lus- lorm lor being worked on existingmachinery. Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
r : .Choice and Southern B'y to Ever-
ter. Now that i machinery 'l has been To meet this difficulty, Florida}ette,Florida Central&Penin-
successfully introduced/or< ( the. treat Limited. sular to all Important Florida

mecrofjramie? ?*>.! ?**,* fJ.steiny/resnly! w hut* therewill has'j been patented and 'is "in-operationatkthe'Syndicate's Pineapple Kansas City Kansas City:t Fort Scott &
ajQ _uJbtjejgllyJee; jijffiore J ids.._ .cultivation .--, ? and Memphis Kansas City,
mill at Wraysbury.The Jackao'villeThro }to Birmingham,Southern BTto
of the plant. Everette, Fla. Central x
bleached filasse as it left the baths Plants- Line
: Peninsular to all Fla. points.
machine in work
The decorticating
yesterday and while still wet was I Louis to Jacksonville by
ing operation at Wraysbury, breaks Short Line to Du Quoin,
this machine whichto 1St.
passed through -Q FOR sAL13 0-
Central to ,
Holly Sp'ggRoute. Holly Bp'gs
and the of the
strips away woody part .
all appearance combines the pur- City, Memphis &: Birmingham -
ramie stems, and removes at the same to Birmingham,Sou.
time the outer,covering which poses of a wringer, separator,and soft- Smooth Cayenne!11! Home Grown !n! J J Rtyto Everette and F. C.&: P.
ffostQf ener. As the'gum ,has been removedby Sioux City&Chicago to Jack
when dry; forms ,the brown pellicleso sonville. 111. Cent. to Holly
the bathing processes, the wet fibreis Holly' Sp'gg}Sp'ga, K., C. M. &: B. to Birmingham -
difficult! to get away in an economical Route. Sou. to Ever-
easily'drawn. out and separated intoa ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY. B'y
ette and the F. C. P.
manner, from the fiber strips. Sucha #
and continuous sliver
long lap or .
Louis'ille&: Nashllle to Rive
will the
machine, which ,treat arrived New Orleans Junction. F. C. & 'P.
and so,dried. The:.object at 'only
in a green ,state and produce a filassein by the inventor of the ramie drawing F. N.. PRICE_ ,. To }between route with,New through Orleans sleepersJackso'ville and ,'
a condition ready to be treated by '
frame was to produce a machine that P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA. Jacksonville.The
all textile manufacturers employing F. C. &: P. has'TOO miles of track In
would prevent the breakage or entanglement "''
Florida running through the
for the manufacture of
special plant which Tobacco Regions, '
of the fibres, was so .
ramie cloth, is certain to supersedethe HOME GROWN Stock Warming and Dairy Section
frequent ,a cause of waste in other ---- Peach and Strawberry Lands,
slower hand labor in the plantatiorisJ" methods of treatment. In this he has Orange, Banana Belt.and Pineapple, .- Country, .,,
'Rhea'at realizes from Phosphate
: present to all appearance been most success- Pineapple Slips Has the Silver Spring and
.I5 to 63S a 'ton in London, ac- Other fine Scenery
ful. Yesterday the wet filasse was
The Great Hunting Country.
coding to 'the stages at which it is order traversing I Beaches the Jfoted fishing Grounds
placed parallel upon a
imported, but Mr. Burrows: is of opine and SuckersOf Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vari
apron, and, passing through a ety of soils m the State,and above all ,"
ion that as soon as decorticating, machinery series of drawing rollers, it came out the Following Varieties Runs, over the Central RIdgeland. ,
is introduced at the plantations ,Where It Is High:and Healthy. '
in sliver
the form of an even and was
for',the of ,the Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
treatment stems
'. led by means of a belt on to a cylin- ROB(!)It: SALE: the best freight facilities for any produce to
when :cut, fwd as soon as there: is a der which it wound the Northern markets.' s
upon was or for the best of Florida
also sent
Send (
pronounced ,demand for the fiber, 11 lapped." From this cylinder it can ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN free) and note the towns on its route. .' t
planters will be able to place an abun- A.o.MJLODONELL.a.P.A'Jacksonylie'Fti.
be removed as desired, or instead it QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEY .

capf,9Pplt'0.f ramie''ribbons, in the may be run as a sliver into a slivercan. QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER- 'f'

L6 nurket:. per at ton.probably Even a if lower the market rate value than NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH. The Fla. Cent ,& Peninsular. R. R.

of the JAW material was to retain thehjgh COMBING AND SPINNING. Apply to Offers to ShippersThe

rat.qof Z 15 per ton the syndicue The ultimate fibre of the ramie aver G. c. MATTHAMS, Shortest and' (QUickest 'Route '

claim that they can produce filasse ages from three, to nine inches in one BETWEEN

andprepared sliver at from :z/d. to unbroken length, 'and, having regardto Florida Pineapple Company, AND' ALL
this Mr. Burrows maintains that it FLORIDA POINTS IN',
pd per pound; which will realize in THE EAST AND WEST, j-

the market from is., 6d. to 3$. per cannot be spun on cotton machinery :MADDOCK & MATTHAMS, With Improved Ventilated Cars,this com-
ndn according i to the for without cutting it. If it is cut to the is better equipped than ever ever'to
poi purpose West Palm Beach, Fla handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and
which it has been prepared. The length of cotton it cannot, he further Insure close connections and prompt despatchto .

decortjcat9i;which i is of simple, con- asserts, 'ne carded or spun with any all Eastern and Western to Markets. '
destination with
satisfactory results. Ramie can be INFORMATION I fill I. HI 1 Through oars .
strucjiop! overcomes one of\the greatest out change or delay.
\Idifficuliies which have hitharto:) presented spun quickly as cotton or flax once Worth It's Weight in il 11 jj Perishable freight followed by wire and

themselves ,in ,regard to the it has been combed, and the long fibres will For tell your you name how and to make addresa the on best.. a postal wire card fence we J I I shippers points advised and arrival time at passing destination.various" junction '..,

treatment of the fiber. separated from the short. The long on pig-tight earth,:oineaciu lhpb leeagecoaiotw1reitselma'Bros.ltozB.Ridgevnte | All claims for overcharges and loss promptly

fibres are into of all nun: Ind. adjusted.
spun yarns ..
that goods marked
UNGUMMING.lI9gU -- .- See your are, .,,
and the noil short fibres ,
bers <
or 'I'
ae: -- via 'F. C. & P.;R. R.

(\ m' P. is.. the- next \process to used for mixing with wool for the cloth i I For Information call'on or address. the" Undersigned
which'the' ramie There trade. An wet R MONEY MAKER
is subjected. improved spinning a E. TAYLOR Tray.A'qt.Oeala.1&.
seems't 'be'no limit to the number of frame which deals with the fibre afterit -and th how to industrious make money hen-ill from poultry about her la W. B. TUCKER Gen.AVt 7-*,.Orlando,,Fla.-

cKelmcals which may' be employed has passed through the roving ma- New PoultrY Guide rolon"beet for plant 1 897.for. G.M.HOLDENTrar..R. FULLER Trav.A'A Vt,Tampa Leeaburl''J'1w. J'lI

facilitate ungumming. Alkalies and chine is specially noteworthy. Diffi :I 100 poultrl pagn'houses;printed;sure in remedies ud recipes Or N.S. PBNNINGTON.Traffic Mtnag
I for diaessee.Sent for you write BOW. Jacksonville.FlaW

soaps of all kinds have been patented, culties have been experienced in ob- I 'r. JOSH. SiUSSSZS. ,.,, ..loI31. ,,rnejo. ,m. H.-- FLEA8ANT8. i -,0-, ':General' *. "t 'freight'. *".' .


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1897 .... .. ___...._..:".....:...._'Tn_"!""_FLORIDA.._' FARMER. AW) flOEOR.,- 7'. .-. _'_.. _. _. ._ 1 61 1 1t e

,1i tJUUllt cr j .
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r.iJI...t('6 ':.:, .;'. .". ..'.. "" x". ,. ,' ".'..... i gL..!'i- '.' .
::_: -, 16 Main Street, :::."r.. ;>:

jAiOvILLz: = = ;=. :FLORID ,

.. .. -
Would Announce *;

; .. SEASON.i" .. :
That They Have Made .-{:,f

Special Preparations fiOLIDA 1., l1. i .:(_ ,.
D.1\ ,, .r
,: FOr.. ,.1,..... _, i(T i i-j:-...i-"t1..Y i.
H "' \ TH'[ ;
,:v..: "" : I : -' :;-.......1 1
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THEr Wt THAT WILL BE OFFERED .. ".:'.,' TA I 17 : T 6" ; ,
II it fl U
2kk j ; "WILL CONSIST OF THE : q

,.-., ,
,....'i 't&T .-;.- VERY + LOW + 1ICEo: .. '". ,
,, t._ 1/ Ir" ':*'
: .
: ",. ___. ,'
." ... ..

---------- .

THEY I are SOLE Agents for Jphnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver in ...,.,/ :

,,r the, Country. If-yoti are iri'need of Cards, Invitations; or iAnndn.ce. .':.:"f [:,

; ments write to us for samples and prices. ;:; .
\ 1
,..,1',,, .,
.......-J-. T. ._-_ l J-*_ ': 'v"-;: i'f .1Ji
f *
/ :' '.:>' Printing and Book( Binding a Sp eciaItY. ;- ,,,..

." ,. .. />
:-:: .d'; .J' ,.' C. W. DaCOSTA Ma ager.- {":' r .

S*,t-*-I .J'i"j'-,_:,",':.1-:!'::t'."'='""-'''r-'.'':'.'.".:'"''','" o'. '. ,-,.....,..'-" ..... ..i".-' _, ., ., _., '... ;0J -., < ::, _'


FOR SALE Two Leon county farms 480 acres noWKER'S ANIMAL MEAL. To stake hens
WINTER HAVEN NURSERIESOffer 390 acres. Excellent fo stock raising and I 13 lay and chicks grow. Our little book the
tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville, Egg tells all about 11. E. W. AMSDEN
Fla. 8-24-tf 9-io-tf Ormond, Fla.

_. their 'Fine Stock... of. OITRUS TREES at Reduced Prices.
,'"' NURSERY TREES-I WILL HAVE 20,000 fTTIRE NETTING, best goods for the least
t. M Mf of the most popular varietiesfor TT money. Write for latest price list. E. W.
delivery this fall and winter. Send in your AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. o-io-tf
f Parson-Brown; Ruby; Amory, Jafia Bloods, St. Michael, Jaffa, Wash. Navels, orders now,and be sure to get what you want.

4SIT Tajrai!!!;Jancy,Ring.Tangerines! Villa Franca Lemons. Trimble Pric s and,Braidentown particulars, Manatee on application.County,Fla W. K. LOUISIANA GRASS(P ASP ALUM: PLA-

Triumph, Marsh Seedless, Thornless Silver Cluster Pomelos. 12.26tfNo ) grass for lawns and permanent
pastures. Sets $1.50 per 1,000, by express; 35
At $25 100 f. b. SATSUMA cents per hundred,postage paid. W.H. POWERS,
per o. ; 10 per cent off on 500 lots. EQUALS IN THR STAT Lawtey Fla.WANTED.
trees on sweet stock, Hart's Late. Dancy
All trees are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1} inch diameter. Buds Tangerines and Parson Brown, budded low,
trained to sticks. Buds to fret high. Limited A LARGE QUANTITY OF CHI-
4 7
4 J to 8 feet first class in
; every,respect and guaranteed true_to name. stock. Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER In- trees on sour stock, 3 or 4

*?. Address. RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven, Fla. terlachen, Fla. 10-10-15 years stock.old.State Also pnce, some and Lemon particulars.trees on trifoliata

r> TREES.-cARNEY PARSON 12-5-8 Box 1204,New. Orleans, La.PHOENIX .

taining a thread without the hairinessso "VENT-A-WORD" COLUMN. NURSERY Grape Fruit budded low on
sour stock,at very reasonable prices. NURSERIES.-A CHOICE SE-
objectionable to some'goods. The 6 mos C. GOMPERTS, Lady Lake,Ela. Citrus Trees at bottom prices, No
RATES.-Twenty words, name and address
back numbers. Fourteen years in the business.
gassing of,ramie yarn has been foundto one week 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents Nothing RENT.-AT STANTON, FLA., A :MOD- Send for price list before buying.PH .

be very Injurious to the fibre, as it taken for less than 25 cents. FOB well-built House of Ten Rooms, whichis ENIX NURSERIES,
calcines and weakens it more or less. Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- well plumbed, containing bath-room, closet 12-26-12 Braidentown,Fla.
paid. and all modern conveniences, which I desire to -
By the use of the wet: spinning frame let tor the season, at$25 per month. FOB SALE.-TWO THOUSAND THRIFTY
Send no stamps larger than two cents. F. C. BUFFUM, Westerly,R.I.5OO6O Seedlings. One hundred Cherry
gassing process' is unnecessary, 'as Initials and figures count as one word.EGGS Laurel-a fine evergreen. A nearly new roo-egg
the machine bathes the fibre before -IMPROVED NEWNAN STRAW- Incubator. A. J. ALDRICH,
FOR HATCHING-Black Spanish, In- fine-for sale. 12-26-8 Orlando, Fla.
Plant-very 1-2-3
it and in this
twisting! manner the Games White Leghorns and Buff Cochins Thoraasville,Ga. T. E. BLACKSHEAR.
loose, hairy; res'I are wrapt in, and a $1.00 for 13. J. POW1 LL. Cocoa. Fla, T7INELAND JERSEY SWEET POTATOES.
V I have grown the past season a fine crop of
thread, wiry and even,4ls" produced.. HATCHING SALE OR EXCHANGE.-A Fine Bear these potatoes for hotel and table use, and seed
BARRED PLYMOUTH FOR Orange Grove-a south side lake fronta stock later. For prices write to
On treated this machine Fine dollar for thirteen.
the Stock.
being One
by railroad front and one mile from town. Also Crescent City. Fla. 1.2-3 D. DA WES.
Feb. will have limited number choice Gerani-
yarn is bundled up 'and in readinessfor ums in 15 flower, four and five-inch pots Strong fine vegetable and strawberry land Send for
circulars. Address Postoffice Box No. ,
the market.THE plants Wnte for prices to J. A. ICENHOUR., i 16 T2 Lakeland. Polk Co.3 Fla. HERD OF, with FRESH GRADE JERSEYS AND
126 3 Upsula, Fla. young Jersey
FIGS Summit Nurseries. Monticello, FU.
Cassava. Write for prices.
There is practically no limit to the BLACK-for sale at$1.00 each. pure M. CHESEBRO, Plnmmers, Fta.
goods that can manufactured\ ( from CHAS. MAURICE, Killarney, Fla.EGGS ANCY POULTRY YARD.EstablisbedJiSw.Stock : FOR Fruit Seedlings!, also Seedbed Seedlings

ramie. Its strength renders it suitable, TO HATCH.-Pirst-ckss S. C. B. Leg. I. and eggs for sale. State agent for that will increase tenfold in two years with
Egos, (Forsyth and Amsden strain) Lee's Lice Killer. Circulars free. Local: agents proper car Seminole Nursery,
it is claimed for twine machine Fort Meade, Fla. V.B. WEBSTER
ropes, delivered f. o.b.Jacksonville at $1.00 per Iii; $2 wanted. ALBERT FRIES, I-a-s.
bands, belting, or sailcloth, and fishing per 50. M. CHESEBRO. 193 St. Nicholas. Fla. BUDS on Rough Lemon Stocks.

lines and nets, and for many such Plummers, Duval Co., Fla. GAIN.-Villa Franca Ti mons.'Hart's SPLENDID Don't Have to wait a lifetime
A Tardiff Orange at.d Tahiti Limes on Rough to get an income. J. P. DONNELLY.
purposes its diminished bulk and YOU USE A FERTILIZER FOR PROFIT. Lemon Stocks. WM. Y. DOUGLAS x-2-6 Mt. Dora. Florida

weight renders it specially suitable.It years have thousands used THE who PAWEth FERTILIZERCOMPANY'S e last twenty i 16 3 Dun:din, Fla.WANTED. J OUGH-BRED MAMMOTH LIGHT

can, it is averred be converted into Celebrated High-Grade Special Mixtures JL Brahma Cockerels and Pullets, $1.00 to 2.00.
have proven their value. Prepared especially .-Cabbage Plants, thrifty stock Plymouth Rock Pullets, fixxs each. From prize
cloth_ similar,to cotton, and it vies for Vegetables Trees and Vines Florida variety -nd price peg tho s uid. winners. ,MAS. GOMPERTS.
with;.flax aslhe basis for damask tableclotKs soils. Write them at Jacksonvile Fla. 1'3 6HART'S it H. L. CABLE Drayton Island, Fix. 6 mos Lady Lake,_Fla.

and the)ike, hjle its possibilities LATE AND PARSON BROWN

;.jflofypt even top at ''plushes and vel- I261f and W.Buds.H. MANN Write,for Mannville prices etc., Fla.

vets.".It will'mix with silk, wool, and THOUSAND'NURSERY TREES THE LAKELAND NURSERIES

,even ,cotton, Adding strength by the THIRTY Seedling Grape Fruit four andonehalf ,
alliance and it can be prepared so as years old. Also Hart's and Valencia
Late, Dancy Tangerines, Budded Grape Fruit
to puzzle experts to distinguish it from ,Land Eureka Lemon. All buds ongrapruit c. l\t.[ MARSH: :roprie'tor.
silk. The.waste.can be utilized for stock four and one-half years old. ,
to stakes. Trees very fine and sure
papernnkin of a high class, andit to please, both as to quality and price. Write us.

is said that it is already used in 126 3 BOWYER&Lakeland STEPHENS, Fla.MAMMOTH .

the manufacture of bank notes in Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
France. Its absorbent and, antiseptic Black Langshans. Hen
qualities it is claimed render'' it Eggs $I.oo erdozenTurkey; $
specially 126 5 MRS. W. H. M\NN, Mannville, Fla.

suitable for medical,purposes. General NurseryTHE Stock.

and Brooder. Address "D,

From the secretary of the syndicateMr. tf Care of Farmer and Fruit Grower.-

( D. Edwards .Radclyfle), it was FOR SALE.-Prairie State Incubator, ioo-egg LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF -i 8
. learned that already the ramie -new-at a bargain Will exchange for -
yarn fowls.
2-9-3 J. POWELL Cocoa Fla.

manufactured its way to Glasgow at Wraybury and Dundee has among found BEAUTIFUL PLANTS; California-Nightblooming grown Calla Queen Lily OrangB a, Lemon, Lime and GrapeFrUit Trees

other places. From Glasgow repeated Bulbs' warranted to bloom this season,ax plants3oc ,I,

orders have been received and it is I ; ZanzaariaaISc; Strobilanthns, 150; Ota- E
I heite Orange. 2oc; California Violets, loc,-2-year We Make a Specialty of .
believed that the yarn is there being olds, KC; Lady Campbell same price; Lantana,
"Sunrise" KC; Pink. Oleander, isc; Carnations,
manufactured chiefly into sailcloth. loc; Spotted-leaf Begonia isc. Hundreds of others SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES.

The secretary,of. the syndicate is likelyto RUMLEY'S ROSE Keuka GARDEN take Fla,

visit Dundee in a short time with a''
view of bringing ramie yarns under' LILY BULBS-Califbrnla ,
CALLA large, 20 cents, free by mail. grown Plants Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees, if fine trees and bed-
the notice of the local merchants and in 8-inch pots for Easter blooming,50 cents. rock prices will do it. We have twenty five varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour.
manufacturersExtract from Dundee RUMLEY'S ROSE GARDEN, Keuka, Fla. Grapefruit, Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Roots,as follows :;

Courier loth Sept 1896.
Eureka seedless 'i.;
Danoy Tangerine ( )
The Mangonta garden of Rev. E. Planting Melons either for market or homeuse Satsuma (seedless) Belalr Premium and Genoa. .-
should buy their seed of me. I have all ,
va.rlet'es. _.
Gale was probably the first to King. -
produce '
,and to those purchasing of me I furnish Mandarin. POMELO or GRAPEFRUIT. ,;:
eatable cukes this season, the'first be- full directions for growing,giving each purchaserthe King Tangerine. .
benefit of my fifteen years in Melon Growing. Kumquats(oblong and round). Marsh Seedless. .. ':;,
ing on Christmas day. Since then .
Monticello,FU. W. M. GIRARDEAU. BubyJBlood. Excelsior. "
they have not only had them for their Joppa Late, (Seedless) Aurantium (sweet rind) '.

own. sejmt hayesold a CITRUS NURSERY TREES.All Pineapple. Halls. .,
; great many, Valencia Late. LIMES. Jr
a,;:dollar' ;a dozen for them.- the leading varieties at Lowest Prices. Car- Parson Brown,
Tioptca ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet.Paper St. Michael Blood, (paper rind) Tahiti (seedless)
[ Sun. Rind St. Michael,Pierces' Ruby. Jaffa, Pineapple Jaffa,(Sanford's). MISCELLANEOUS.
Majorca, Cunningham. Homosassa and Hara Tardiff, (Sanford's).
Hart's Late Pernambuco Improved Triumph Centennial. Japanese Peaches, Plums Chestnuts and
FRUIT TREES VINES Walters Everett and Marsh's Seedless GrapeFruit Boone's Early.Mediterranean. Persimmon Trees.
,Satsuma, Tangerine and King All fine
Sweets (Sanford's.) Strawberry and Pineapple Plants etc.
PLANTS and NUT TREES.For one year old buds, on four and five year old 1!' .
Rough Lemon, Grap Fruit ami Sour stock, Will
For descriptive catalogue and to
price-list apply
Southern Orchards Gar
bud(dormant on contract to any varieties parties ,
dens and Groves. No agents. desire. Fine udwood for
Kumquat sale.
Write for price list. Correspondence solicited. Address C. W. Fox, C. 1\1:. lUARSH,

JENNINGS NURSERY CO., Villa Lake Nurseries., Fruitland Park. Lake .
9-36-25 Thomasvllle Co., Fla. X*alee landl P

''; ':262 ;;
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>,"-Aik W .. 34 ., -

.; ,"'fJ' % ;
."". .e.;
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'. ,
,ji"t' .

i G. M. SORREL, Manager. w .

j & The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as I C y A h

follows : : r? qo G


Pier 34, North Klver-3 P. M'
City; of Birmingham.......... .... ........... ................. ...Saturday,Jan. 2 ,
La Grande Dnchesse....................... ..........................................Tuesday, Jan. 5 t ,
City of Augusta......................... ..... .... .............................Thursday, [Jan.7
Kansas Citv.................... .' .................. ......... ....................Saturday,Jan. 9
City of ...... .. ...................., .. Tuesday, Jan. 12
I La Grande Duchegae ............ ................ ..............................Thursday, Jan. 14
City of Augusta............ ........... ............. ........ ..............Saturday, Jan. 16 \
Kansas City... ... ..... ............ ......... .' ....... ... ...... ...... Tuesday Jan. 19 SfO
City of Birmingham..... ......;....................................... ...Thursday, Ian.21
La Grande Duchesse............ ... ........... .. ... .... .........u. atur 8y Jan. 24 l
Kansas City...... ........................................ '.. .......... .....Thursday,Jan. 28 --t:
City of BirmIngham...... ....... ...... ........... ... .............. ........Saturday,Jan.30 F t '.,!I'
G.M. SORRELL. Manager, New Pier No.35, North River.


J Nacoochee ........................Lewls'a...........Wharf--3.............P....M................. ........Friday, Jan. iChattahoochee SAFETY! COMFORT! QUICK TIME! LOW RATES!
................... ... ..............................................Monday,Jan.4
Tallahassee.......................................... ..............................Thursday,Jan. 7
Nacoochee ........... ......... ...................................... ......Wednesday, Jan. 13 finest Cuisine and Service. No Transfers Between Jacksonville and New York.
Chattahoochee..Saturday,Jan. 16 .
Tallahassee .. ...................... ..:......_...................................Tuesday,Jan. 19 The Fleet is composed of the following,Handsome New Steel Steamers:
Nacoochee.................................... .................... ................Monday, Jan. 25
Chattahoochee..... ................. ... .................:..:....... ...........Thursday,Jan. 28 "Comanehe" "Cherokee "Seminole1NORTH
(new) "ilgonpn
RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents Lewis's Wharf. "Iroquois, .


Pier 39, Delaware Ave me.-3 P. M. BOUND.
Gate ............... ... .............. ....................... ............ .Tuesday.Jan.5 .
City of bacon .. ......... .......... .. .... ............,...........................Sunday Jan. 10 Steamers are appointed to sail according toUhe tide
Gate City................................... .......... ..... ....................Friday,Jan. IS From JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling Charleston),.._.... .......Sundays Tuesdays and Thursday*.
of Macon..f....... ........................WednesdayJan. 20 Erom CHARLESTON ..................... ...... ......... ..
S. C. and Frida
City ........................ ..................... ...... ........ ... ..... Monday Jan.25 Mondays,Wednesdays ,
City of Macon.,....................... ............ .. ... .... .... ........Saturday Jan. 30 For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers
M. C. HAMMOND, Agent, 13 South Third Street.

((00 Meridian) Time-as below. are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River! New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

City of Augusta..Saturday.Jan. 2, S 30 p. La Gr'de Duchesse..Tuesday. 19. S 31 p m. CHARLESTON, S. C., ............................................Mondays, Wednesdays and Friday
Kansas City.. .. ...Tuesday, Jan.5,7.00 p.m'l I City of Augusta.....Thursday, Jan. 2f,600 p. m ..
City of Bira'gh'm.... Ths'day Jan. 7,9 30a. Kansas City.........Saturday Jan 23,700p.m. For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) ......... .......Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays

} La Gr'de Duchesse..Saturday,Jan. 9.11.00a. City of Birm'gh'm..Tuesday,Jan. 26, 12 oo noon
City of Augusta .....Tuesday,Jan. 12,1.00 p. BOSTON ANDJACKSONVILLE-Direct Line
[Freight flolj.]
Kansas City........ Thursday, Jan. J4,3 00 p.m'l La, Gr'de Duchesse..Thursday,Jan.28,230 p. In. ,
City of Birm'h'm... Saturday, Jan. 16, 4.30 p. City of Augusta .Saturday Jan.30, 4 30 p. m. Calling at Charleston, S. C.,both ways. ,


((00 Meridian) Time-as below. [IAr appointed to tail as follows:
Tallahassee...........Friday. Jan. 1,430 p. m. Nacoochee..........Tuesday Jan. IQ, E 30 p. m From foot of Hcgan Street Jacksonville, From Lewis' Wharf,Boston,
Nacoochee: .......... Thursday,Jan.7,7.00 p. m. Chattahoochee.......Friday, Jan. 22, 7 oo p.m. THURSDAYS. FRIDAYS.
Chattahoochee..Sund.syJan. JO, 900 a. m. Tallahassce.londay. Jan. 25, 1000 p. m.
Tallahassee......Wednesday, Jan 13, 9 0o p. m. Nacoochee.............Sunday,Jan. 31,5 oo a. m.


Central ((00,Meridian) Time-as below. .. .
City of Maron........ .Tuesday,Jan. 5, 7.00 p. tt I Gate City........Wednesday, Jan. 20. 7.00 p. m. DE BARY LINE.
Gate City.............Sunday,Jan. Io,9 oo a. m. I I City of Macon.....Monday, Jan. 25, n.ooa.m.
City of Macon .....Friday,Jan. 15, 4.00.p. m. Gate City....... ...Saturday, Jan.30, 4030 p.m. Jacksonville' Falatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate.
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. P.A., W. J. FARRELL, Sol. Agt., Landings an the St..Johns Itiver. _
Jacksonville Florida.W. .
B.ARNOLD, G.T. P.A., C. G.ANDERSON, AGENT. The Elegant Iron Side Wheel Steamer
Savannah, Ga


Is appointed to sail as follows:

\ Leave Jacksonville .. ............................ Sundays,Tuesdays and Friday at 3030 p. m.
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., Returning Leave Sanford 9 eo a.m., and Enterprise 9.30 atm.. Mondays Wednesdays and Saturdays


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Leave Read 330 Down.p. m ...... ...................JackaonviUe SCUHDULE........... ." ..... Arrive Read 2.Up.00 a. m.
\ .' 8.45 p. m. ....................... .... Palatka.................... ...... Leave 8.00 p. m.II .
3.00 a. m. ................... .Astor......................... u J.OO P. III.'I .
4-30 am. ............................. St. Frands......................... 1.30 p. in,
>88 wEm'r DA"7? .'r., J'AOK ONVILLIC, PLA. .................... ..;....................... Beresford ..1..1.1..1......,. II J2000DOOD
Arrive 8.30 a. m. .............. ..... .... Sanrord.........._......_ .. 9.00..m.
II 9-25 a. m.__.................... .O. Enterprise................... ...... If 9.3O..ID.
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of

J General Passenger and Ticket01 .ce, 204 West Bay St., Jaoksonville-
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

r l Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. A.J. COLE,Gen.Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
U. D. CLYDE, Aasist&Dt Trafiic Managers Bow iIIr Green, New York.
THKO. G. EGER; Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green,New York.F. .
M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent,204 West Bay 8k Jacksonville,Fla.
STATE* AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND BONE JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,P1*. .
J., A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville.Fla.

} ,Tygert-Allen Ferilllier Co. NITRATE SODA, WM. P. CLYDE &'CO., G n'l Agents,

Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, 13. South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. S Bowling Green, New York

I SEED POTATOES.Earliest and
r _
and n. most productive kinds for the South; LJ GH TNIN& mJJ
1 Orange Tree Vegetable KAINIT, Etc LJ U I New Queen Thorburn, Early Hebron,
FERTILIZER. Early Norther, Burpee's Extra Early.
Prices low. Free pamphlet.
[ These Fertnixera have no superior in the market and i trial will convince.: Crop I JNO.C. PEACE & Co.
_,.eata1.. frM. 430 W. Main St. Louisville, Ky.


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f *** +: \-64_ _-__._...._...,_.; .........t.... -, ._ THE FLORIDA FARMER_ -- 'AND FRUIT-GEOWER. __ .JANUARY_ _.1J 23_ ,, '

I: : 'i.llIllftANip"VEGETABLE{ ImUWJ&Kb_ [ SUPPLIES' fl I H

& :;o-. ,"',<

.. .., i W

\ :: Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH- hi__
; GRADE POTASH with ------ K
perfect adaptability to the
g .
**" J. requirements. and perfect mechanical condition, in

f ; strong, handsome Bags which don't rot.HipThe .
4 ? cheapest brand for the quality in the
I 1' k : -- ...x,.," market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul I

.," <_c_.-.:_,...,- ..c -f... tural Chemicals, Sulphur,.etc.r .

'- : '; ;; INSECTICIDES. .

-f A ;: .r' ,/j a *'
IqJ ::0"
y1 old
,,\ ,. up-The reliable EUREKA has never been '
Alii'' superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite,Red Spider and the : .
it- : \' ; : fungus grotrth.i8THE. _
PdteJ\ ..r\':44r J ., l
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Ara i' r
a tlte,Je'zers A certain destrudion to the Aleyrodes Citrl(White FIyand) other In8PFt
liter''s r. : famWes of scale: .at*UperIods of their deve opment. Patal to the
....\t.-.' -\.() Spider-._and, other insets aiecRing',Pineapples and Vegetables. > p

----. :'f-
Rubber2Hose,1Jozxles, Microscopes, etc A great variety of flit best molten, at .. // tJ
Manufacturers' Prices. ffIi
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.... J'- '..-, ., THE BEST MADE L'
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tf'1'f I Li,0.,, -g II ( PIPE mecstON :-

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e i'" t t: E. BEAN, -. Jacksonville_ Fla.

The incubator is becoming to the poultry 'New York city spends one million dollars sprouts. The demand for the fruit as an Fire-blight (pear-blight) is due to a
raiser what the reaper and mower are a day. Its meat costs '$70,000; its appetizer is likely to be less than the microscopic form of life, a germ of which

to the grass and grain, grower. The incubator bread $90,000;for milk it spends$21,000; supply after a few years. gains entrance to the tree through the

and brooder dq,the work of for liquor $140,000, and for tobacco $90- The value of stable manure, solid and young bark or the young fruits. It flour-
eighthensi saying two months of their 000. Twenty-one million, nine hundred I liquid, will depend entirely upon the ishes most in warm, damp weather. Like
valuable tune for egg production.: We thousand dollars more in one year for foods which the animal eats. It will contagious diseases in men and animals

,call'attention to our advertising columns. drink and smoke than bread and meat.. practically have the same value before as it can be stamped out by removing>and

What shall it profit a farmer if he No wonder times are hard. after passing the animal's stomach, onlya burning all affected wood. This work is ,

makes a net gain.of.$500 a year over expenses Geo. H. Wright in Florida Agriculturist little more available. best done in the autumn or early'winter.

,' if the major part of it -is requiredto says that the root knot in cow peas Muriate or sulphate of potash, costing A new coat of paint on houses ,and
satisfy a crop lien? and velvet beans is not anguilula. No one about $42.00 per ton, is the most concen- outbuildings wagons etc., not only adds
need have any fear of injury to grove or trated form of the commercial article, to their beauty,but greatly prolongs their
Fewer"Southern_farmers are under the orchard from planting either of these I and contains 60) per cent actual potash. durability.By .
'incubus of a mortgage than' Eastern and beans from this and thereat The is
peas or cause, sulphate preferable for fruit. '
Western.farmer ... ,But how, is it with value of the velvet bean as a fertilizer growing the Canada pea at the
The Rural New Yorker recommends
the crop lien? Why should the Southern North aud the cowpea further uth,
and a forage plant cannot be ,easily. extensive raising of in the South.
farmer pay an average of 40 per cent interest overestimated.Mules geese farmers can produce the albuminous
on a crop lien when the Northern After one good mouthful people might matter or protein that how costs so muchin
'f rmer pays but-10 per cent? These are bred from broncho mares will sing the ola song 7 the form of linseed or cottonseed
pertinent: questions for a Southern farm- kick anything or nothing, as may suit It is my opinion, meal.
their at the time. Well-bred Stuffed with and
ers' club. temper sage inyun, The American
mules from gentle draft mares, are not There is no bird flies half so nice Dairyman says that
There i is a general impression that a there is no cause to be alarmed at the
more dangerous heels than As with sage and inyun.
much larger per cent than usual of the horses of similar breeding. Geese will goose sell after consumers get a tasteof prospect of overdoing the dairy business.If .

cotton crop has,been marketed up to ,the Corn is the best and most productiveof the meat. the fanner permits his' soil to'rundown

first of December. If so there is a strong all silage crops. Sorghum comes next, Turn the level clay soil up to the frost.A year after year, he will surely reach
"probability of an advance' for the residue and in the droughty regions is the safest freezing will mellow stand liberate the bankruptcy.If .

$yet in the planter's possession.I crop to grow for this purpose. ._ plant food. any' one doubts progress has 'beer
I Jf Putting l bad men to making good roads The manufacture of grapefruit wine is We have excellent plows made to run made in farming,let them l look back "

'ie\solution of the penitentiary. problem one of the probabilities ''resulting from deep;; now we want plows that will run years or ask, those who 'can' lool

linsomeof i ,the St tes.. Why not adopt 'the extensive planting of the pomelo or shallow and do good work with the that length of time, and com] .

the plan in the South I the budding of that fruit into sour orange lightest possible draft. methods then Rui1f .

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