Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00056
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 9, 1894
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00056
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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8. Powers, Publisher Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE.. FLA., DECEMBER 8, 1 1894. Whole No. 1348 V NEW Oa.VI.SERIES.No. 49.

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58 <& 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICHIGAN ST., ,



The best Chemicals for the purpose for which it is in-

invited and stencils furnished on application. Reliable agents wanted at
tended. Not of "filler"
all principal shipping points, an ounce or

-REFERENCES :- "make weight" used."

First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce,Buffalo, N.Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's Read our guaranteed analyses. Write for prices. '
# Agencies.

Free on application. The New ((1894-95) Catalogue of the SIMON PURE NO. 1. GUARANTEED ANALYSIS:

to 8 ct.
Ammonia... ..4to4tf ct.
GLEN Manufactured by the Potash (actual).12: to 13 per ct.
Phos. Acid (avail'e).6 to 7 per ct.

.. Gives the results of 19 years experience with the Hardy Trifoliata in the U. S.; Simon Pure Fertilizer Works Jrif-: Made exclusively from Sulphate of Ammo-
describes over 300 varieties offered for Florida and Lower South, embracing: nia, Sulphate of Potash, and Dissolved Bone

ORANGES AND E.O. PAINTER. JOHN MCKINNEY. Black.We also manufacture a special fertilizer for

}! ON TRIFOLIATA STOCK young orange trees, tomatoes, onions grapes,
GRAPE FRUIT E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Props, etc. Formulas made from practical field tests.

(Whichmakes vigorous, productive trees that bear young and STAND COLD.) A full line DeLand Fla.FrauiKrFruit ,
of orange and other citrus fruits,on both orange and tnfoliata stocks;peaches,pears, plums,Japan DeLand, Fla.
persimmons, figs,grapes, apricots, olives, mulberries, pomegranates, nut trees, etc., also orna- .
60 Varieties of Roses Adapted to this Climate. Wrappers.NO 1

G. L. TAKER, Glen St. Mary, Fla. ,

r SEED RYE, O7TTS *! CLOSER. Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may

Genuine Florida Grown Rye. $2.50 per bu.; Texas Red RustProofOats now know that they get an honest ream EXPOSITION CO. '
75 cents per bu. of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto
Crimson Clover, Ib. by mall post paid, 30 cents; in 5-lb lots and above ream as some unscrupulous dealers
,by express or freight 15 cents per lb.; Alfalfa or Lucerne,Ib by mall postpaid Jacksonville, Fla. -
30 cents; In 5-lb lots and above by express or freight, 15 cents per supply.
Ib, Japan Clover,Ib post paid, 40 cents; 5-lb lots and above by expressor .
freight, 30 cents per lb. OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed We have organized to establish a


Catalogue free on'application I n te r l lac hen, Florida I Wrappers are put up in packagesof HOl'\E MAIM: :E T

1000 each, and each Wrapper is For the orange growers of Florida. Also to store
r numbered, in printing, consecutivelyfrom fruit,if necessary, over a cold spell or to pre-
PEOPLE ARE LEARNINGIn 1 to 1000. No one can vent gluts, having fine

some parts of the country,at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE or no Storage Capacity and Very
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but Best
and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varieties Cheap.We .
now for sale.' ,Sample oranges by mail for IOC each,to pay postage. CATALOGUE FREE. prices. Send for samples and prices
C. A. BOONE, Agent. to flatter ourselves that we can save the
growers a great deal of money by our system,
P Semi-Tropical Nurseries,Orlando, Fla, not pledged to any one,but simply to do the best
THE JERSEY J CITY PRINTING CO., for our patrons.

.YP Everything for Florida. Established, 1883. JERSEY CITY, N. J. Give Us a Trial. .

,To everyone Interested.in plants,whether for House,Orchard or Garden N. B.-We da not deal in unprinted
a ,our wrappers.: M. ,

1 ; 'CATALOGUE MANUALwill General Manager. .

1 will be found invaluable, We can.supply all Fruits as grown in the South t1GHTKINO WELL MAC ERYworkL CORRESPONDENT;
I besides Ornamental and Useful Plants and Trees from the"Four Quarters ,ARGLST, [
a ,__ 'of the Earth." (From.Aloe to Zingiber: ,", ,etc.) Write to-day. A 11 kinds of tools. Fortuneort edrHerbynitngourAdamantineproces.cantake I SAVINGS AND TRUST BANKof

$ A SPECIALLY. FINE. LOT, OF- 'CITEUS TREES CHEAP. ienl Artesian Pumping; Rig to core.work}by'erectedEeuuom-Steam t Air,etc. Florida. I ,
.. Letnshelpyoa.THE AMERICAN WELL OUJ S,
BEASONER BROS., OnecoFla... Aurora., JJU CMe&co.,..JULs Dallas, Tex. .SEND': FOR STENC ...
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\4 HT r" :, COCCI 0 I C IDE. ,"

Numerous tests have conclusively demonstrated that the COCCIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes(white fly) in all of its stages of development. It can,-however -
,:'a ,be more effectively reached while in the egg,larva and pupa states. It is now in those states, but will commence hatching the fly about the middle of June.

.; :Now is* !JL& Time: to Apply.It .

is also fatal to the Spiders,Rust Mites and their eggs,and to the Scale without reference to the hatching periods.
OLD RELIABLE. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is claimed for it. .
Single barrels,ton or in car lots. ".,

'-, -" SPRAYING: MCI1INE1Y. ::1

In Great variety at manufacturers'prices. "" ",
: ,

A splendid appliance for groves that are irrigated. Will greatly reduce the cost ot using insecticides. Rubber hose(all sizes),plain and wire bound


Cargo will arrive in June. Special rates for orders to be shipped from vessel. Pine box sides,kiln dried heads,hoops,paper,nails,etc. Pineapple crates and other growers.. supplies.' :',:
SPECIAL NOTICE = :''', a t
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"**>\; The rate for transporting Insecticides has been reduced from 6th class to class "K." A reduction of more than 50 per cent. -

E. BEAN ;<.:

Correspondence'solicited. I
WavcrossNharf'. Jacksonville. Fla.


'Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement : .
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.

It has never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as

other Insecticides have been throughout the State,

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed Jon

the. trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis
very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used.
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak.
These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. ."

References and general directions for using furnished on application. :.;o. :
Write for Price-List. i-i-:::,

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San Mateo, Fla.


Actually and Honestly Made from Animal Bone FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

This is a Guaranteed Fact.
The Oldest National Bank in the State. -
Guano & Chemical Go
M'f'g This Bank,after twenty years of successful business,has just undergone a rigid special exami-
> nation by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an
other period of twenty years.
No. 14 Union St., New Orleans, La. By conservative,yet liberal methods,this bank has. achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
strength and ability to meet legitimate demands.We
invite a visit or correspondence,looking toward business relationsassuring you that your
OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.Write favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention. .
for Almanac,Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla. President. Cashier. +

Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.

Milwaukee Florida Dpaqgi Bo. To Orange-Growers.
The largest crop and best grade of fruit can only be obtained by using fertilizers containing

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood. Not less than Actual Potash.
for sale at all times. I 2$ (Kac)
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
For Catalogue and Price-List,address This is equally true of pine-apples and other tropical fruits.
Our books on Potash are sent free. They will cost you nothing,to read,and will save
A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. you dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS,93 Nassau Street,New York.

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1 Grove 0 Orchard. foot rot I find that your editorial of Late Blooming Fruit Trees. in the spring and then some late in

L some weeks ago well covers all of Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: the season, but right along throughthe
Foot Rot. them. With the of few
-L i Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. exception a In a recent number of the American summer. Merely hoeing out the

In looking over your last number I trees all I have is where chickens run Agriculturist R. H. Price, of the Texas grass as far as the branches spread is

was interested in the communication and keep the ground clean. When Experiment Station, suggests that by not cultivation. Until I know betterI

;. from "Rural" on, the foot rot question. the summer rains come those trees continuing the cultivation of fruit trees shall hereafter cultivate continuouslyuntil

This is one of the great questions be- grow too fast and then as the dry through the summer and fall the trees say six weeks of the time a kill

fore the orange growers and it gives weather comes on the gum' exudes at would remain dormant until late in ing frost may be expected, unless the

them a great deal of uneasiness. But the collar. In April, 93, my boy the winter, and so not come into bloom fall is warm and wet and the trees

Rural ,comes to the front and gives us shot a sap-sucker in an orange tree. until after danger from spring frosts is growing rapidly, when it would cease '

the cause and the remedy. At the The shot struck two limbs seven feet past. This is most important,if correct, earlier. But this may not be the right

same time he shows that he is not from the ground, and I had a genuine as the spring frost is the great enemyof way, and I would like much to get the ..

sure after all, for he says in one place i case of foot rot that took some the fruit grower in the extreme views of your readers who are growers

"so no guilty insect, should he be the ,months to begin to heal up. South. Mr. Price says that while in of deciduous fruits.
One of after fertiliz-
cause, may escape;" and in another, my neighbors the North the fruit tree has but one JUD PIERCE.

"stop plowing; the wholesale destruc- ing his grove put a sack of groundraw season of growth, in the extreme Southit Spring Hill, Mobile Co., Ala.

tion of the roots is the sole cause of bone, as it was called, on twenty has two, the spring and fall, with a .
In the fall each of
the trouble," and "Rural has said trees. one midsummer rest between. This fall Potash.-Reply to Professor
had the foot and there
that the cause of foot rot is the plow." twenty rot, growth may be sufficient to put the Massey.

He is positive that it is the plow but was not another case in the grove. tree into bloom late in the fall, or to Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
He cured it the wound
how about the little insect quoted by covering so force along the fruit buds that they Professor Massey looked down from
with mixture of carbolic acid and
above? a bloom too early in the spring. I call the North Carolina Experiment Station -
He has since been
Well, I have .foot rot in a tree that creosote. very attention to this matter in order to get and beheld us benighted Crackers
about the kind of fertilizer
has not had its roots mutilated by the particular an expression from your readers on floundering about in an ocean of uncertainty -
that he his I
applies to trees. Being a
destructive plow, nor any other im two points : on the subject of potash.
chemist he mixes his fertili--
plement. Yet other trees that have now own I. Does late cultivation of fruit trees Philanthropically, but not entirely

been plowed some fifty odd limes zers.I have found deal of this (the citrus family excepted) cause a discreetly, he waded out to help us,,

since they were'set out, on an averageof disease where cotton a good seed meal has growth of tender wood which is winter- and unfortunately got in over his

three times a year, have no sign of killed? depth.It .
been used
foot rot. If fifty plowings do not kill freely on bearing trees. 2. Does cultivation through the sea- may be of value to other strangers -
Only the best brands of fertilizers
a tree then the plow cannot be so bad son until late in the fall tend to make to chart some of the holes into,

after all. should be applied to orange trees and trees bloom late the following spring? which this learned professor fell when.
after the Florida clover
If'I should take my plow in the June fertilizing This matter is of importance not wading in strange waters too far from
and weeds should be allowed -
grove and run it down to the beam, grass merely as affecting the fruit crop, but, shore.
to until in the fall
ripping and tearing up everything it and then grow be turned under.mature in the case of pears, the life of the tree First, the professor shows his ignorance -

strikes, would you blame the plow\ ? itself, as the blight most usually enters' of Florida when he says
Rural at the idea of the
If I should take my pruning saw and, laughs sap where the blossom has been frosted.I 'The growth of pines instead of hard-
descending in time of cold weather.I .
' without thinking, saw off the body at am very well aware that the books wood timber is an indication of a deficiency -

the ground instead of the dead branch, don't suppose that even would a very ignorant say, cease cultivation early in the fallso of potash."

would you blame the saw? No, sir, orange grower imaginethat that,the wood may harden for win- The fact is, that a good deal of
the would forsake the ofa
you would blame me. So it is not sap top ter. This is doubtless good doctrinefor Florida is naturally covered with hard-
tree in hours be
the plow that is to be blamed but the twenty-four northern latitudes, but is it the wood, and thousands of acres of it
the last of it cold. On
man that holds the handles. The part ever so right way for us in the extreme South? have been planted to orange trees.
the of cold weatherthe
gradual approach
plow is the foundation of farming andI I do not profess to know, but my lim- The true reason so much of Floridais
tree does become dormantas
for one cannot do without it in or- as near ited experience leads me to think that covered with pine instead of hard-
tree in full leaf become and
ange growing. With it I put my fertilizers in a that state will stand can deal, of the Texas man is right, that the winter- wood (hammock) is that the pine is

down where they will do good a great killing of new wood is a bug-a-boo, or the only tree that can live through the
cold all remember in the
and when the fall comes I turn under as we big at least is much less to be feared than fires that annually sweep over, the
freeze. The cold had
all the vegetation that has grown after come on grad- the spring-killing of too early bloom country. Whenever the firess are kept
the bark There
the June fertilizing, and put it whereit ually, was tight, was no and growth. out a vigorous growth of hardwood
flow of and .
will rot and help the trees. In sap, our trees. escaped.But This season part of my peach or- springs up and flourishes entirely oblivious -
in March few when
plowing two or three times a year, a years ago, chard was in melons and cultivated of the professor's "deficient"
the trees in full and the
turning down all fertilizing material were growth until late in May by horse, afterwards potash.
the bark would rise
there will be very few roots to be sap flowing freely, hoed as far as the branches spread Again, the professor says "the ex- ,
easily in budding the cold descendedin
torn when plowing at a regular depth. until September. These trees made a periments of Mr. Adams were too in-
one night and the destruction of
But when the fertilizers are thrown on moderate but steady growth throughout exact to prove anything."
trees than had
the ground and left or mixed with the young was greater we the season and held their foliage Well, professor, that remark was
ever heard of. Yet the of cold
surface soil with a harrow the roots degree until the first heavy frost, about November intended to be very complimentary to

will keep coming up to the surface. was not nearly as great as in the former 10. The fruit buds are but me, but it only reveals the fact that
instance. I do not fear cold
They must come up to get somethingto much on the trees when a I find little developed. Another part of the you do not know what you are

feed on and then when they are snap orchard was plowed in March, then talking about. The trees in which the
the bark tight. S. P. SHEPHERD.Palm .
plowed a good many fibrous roots are had only hoe cultivation about the potash was put were small trees about
turned up where you can see them Springs > < trees until the middle of July, when five years old, thirty-three feet apart

,and it looks like great destruction but From a three-acre piece of groundMr. the ground was put in sweet potatoes, each way. The potash was applied

,these fibrous roots ought to be kept Miles H. Johnson cut 9,000 and these cultivated sufficiently to keep ,where other fertilizers were, from the

down to three or three and a half pounds of good hay this year. Every down the grass. These trees"'made a trunk out over the feeding roots to

inches below the surface, so that they farmer in Florida would do well to rank growth late in the season, but did such a distance as nineteen years' ex-

will better resist the drouths we have. look closely after gathering his hay not hold their foliage, excepting on perience justifies. It is not in the

Still the orange will repair the loss of crop each year. Thousands of dol- the new growth, as well as the trees range of probability that other little

these rootlets as readily as a cabbage lars worth of good hay is allowed to first mentioned. The remainder of trees thirty-three feet distant capturedthat

plant does. waste each season, when it might as the orchard was plowed in March and potash. Professor, your talk is

According to Rural's theory, foot well be profitably harvested. Too after that had only two hoeings, the "too inexact."

rot would take the tree when we mu- many farmers are inclined to look up- grass being cleared out as far as the' Again, the professor says: "The .

tilated the roots in transplanting. If on hay as an item of too small importance branches spread. The leaves of these feeding roots of a tree are out at or

we abandon the plow in the groves to demand their attention, trees fell in latter August, apparentlyfrom beyond the spread of the branches."

what shall we use? The cutaway and but the successful farmer achieves his some sort of leaf blight. The There is not an African on ,my

spading harrow, I suppose. Well, greatness in a large measure by look- fruit buds are much developed and are place but what knows that statementto

we have seen these tried and they cut ing after small things.Tallahasseean. very likely to come into bloom in timeto be untrue. Everybody who has

up orange roots like a sausage grinderand be caught by any late spring frost ever explored the soil under a properly ...

leave all the fertilizer mixed with Fifty-one thousand boxes of oranges that wanders this way. This con- treated orange tree knows that at the

the surface soil. went forward from Gainesville last vinces me that the,cultivation of fruit end of the branches and under the

When we consider the causes of: week. trees should be continuous, not a little branches clear up to the trunk the soil \

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LOCKHART LITTLE, President. J. STILLMAN, Sec. and Treas.



t. "

.. '
ta.:; :Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree. 1

'*.:"',"vtf "- November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. .
-. ...::...,. -

,' ii Orange Planters True Value Number One," Orange Planters True Value Number Three,"

Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree. -!

We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. ,Pam

phlets and prices furnished on application.


is full of feeding roots. Possibly the strangers in these waters not to get stantly when he.has reached the wire ing man, he has finally made it a suc-
professor was led to make his state- too far from shore. up into the bore far enough to strike cess, showing what can be done in this
ment from his intimate acquaintancewith DUDLEY W. ADAMS. the borer, and early acquires the knackof section when the right'men come here

the North Carolina persimmon. Tangerine, Fla., Nov.28, 1894.* telling when he has fastened on to and engage in any of the many new
,Professor, your remarks are not only his game. The delight which thrillsa industries that are now attracting the
"too inexact" but too incorrect. Fishing for Borers. good orchardist cannot be described attention of those seeking investments.
Then Professor Massey asks, "Has as he experiences the sensation of. There are over 2,000,000 pounds of
Mr. Adams found no difference in the No sport ismore interest- gently but surely drawing his enemy citron imported into the United States,
fruitfulness of his trees since he added ing than the odd pastime I saw an or- down and out, the little scamp wrig- annually, paying 30 per cent. duty.
potash to the previous dressing of chardist engaged in recently. He was gling and doing his best meantime to The fruit can be raised here cheaperthan
tankage?" fishing with a hook without bait, and retain his hold upon the walls of his in Europe, as land is cheaper,
None. Is that answer "too inex- on dry land. A curious kind of fish- domicile. The effort causes a distinct and our rainy season commencing in

act"? He then asks why I have con- ing you will say. Yes, but he was grating or gurgling sound, which to June, no irrigating plant is required, {
tinued to use it. Asking that ques. having excellent success, and enjoy- the orchardist is sweeter than the plashof as demonstrated. have not the
tion reveals the fact that he has never ing it so much that I also became in- trout in brook. After the tree has high winds that prevail on the Medit-
read the article he is criticizing. terested and joined in it. The fishingwas been thoroughly scrutinized and a terranean. We have not to importour
Again, the professor says : "Mr. in the trunks of little trees, andthe borer drawn out of every fresh hole fuel or box stuff.. Sugar is cheaper
Adams will find the ash of the orange I game none other than the pests found, the wounds should be carefully here brought by water from New
tree wood contains at least five times commonly known as borers, which plugged with grafting-wax, and every Orleans, and the day is not far off
five per cent. of potash." hatch their eggs late in May and scarred surface covered with it. The when all the sugar needed will be.

Does it, professor? Say, does it? June, and infest the trunks of apple, sport is excellent in September, but if produced on the banks and creeks of
peach, pear, quince and other trees, earlier in the this river Caloosahatchee. It
What do you know about it anyhow? indulged season prevents ( ) requires
doing them irreparable injury and in
If you know how much potash thereis such ravages as are now seen.Country about 80 pounds of sugar to
some cases cutting them off so completely -
in orange tree wood, why did you Gentleman. 100 pounds of fruit in curing.
that they are blown over by .
-. --- be made in the
not tell us and no "at least" about it? can raising
the winds, if their presence is not detected Profit in Citron. citron three First
at cents
Sir remark is "too inexact to per pound.
your by the only visible sign they In a descriptive pamphlet on Lee class citron weigh I3i to i IZ pounds.
prove anything. give, small rolls of sawdust depositedon county, Florida, compiled by authorityof They pay from five cents to seven
Now, professor, no doubt there is the bark or at the base of the tree.I the County Commissioners and just cents in where,,
per pound Leghorn,
abundant demand in North Carolinafor have frequently tried to work out issued from the press of the Tropical most of the factories are located. To

such loose generalizations and these parasites, having read many News, we find the following: raise the fruit all around, a factory
the ipse-dixits of professors, but the times just how to do it, but in no case It is now a settled fact that the citronof would casks salt
save cooperage
horticulturists of Florida have got have succeeded until I saw it done.A commerce (citrus medica) can be freights and much re-handling and
past feeding on such unsubstantial diet stout, sharp knife, a keen, small raised and cured in South Florida. with Yankee ; it
our ingenuity can
arid mean to get at the bottom facts carpenter's gouge and mallet are Capt. T. T. Eyre, of Myers, Lee coun- Mr. put demonstrated
up cheaper, as Eyre plainly -
even if it does upset some of the cher- needed, besides a roll of fine wire. ty, Florida, seeing the large bitter citron ; and the hundreds of thou-
ished theories of our teachers and cur- Search must be made at the base of growing wild in and near Myers, sands of dollars of this
sent out country -
tail the profits of fertilizer sellers. each tree, pulling away the sod, if turned his attention to the raising and for citron will, in due time, cometo

Finally, Professor Massey says: .,"It there is any, and examining the trunk curing of that fruit, knowing they had this country, as well as for other
would help to make the matter plainerif critically from an inch into the groundto failed in California and in the northern new industries springing up in South
some one with facts and figures of two feet above it. When the en- part of this State. He yet believedthis Florida. Citron is not a stealable fruitor
some value and accuracy would give trance is discovered, cut out an oblong was the home of the citron. Over perishable, as it is put up in tanksof
them to the public." piece of the bark with the knife and seven years ago he commenced to collect brine gathered and worked up as
Let me assure you, professor, that enlarge the orifice if necessary with trees from all parts of this State, needed.
we all regret that that thought did not the gouge and mallet; then prepare to Louisiana and California, to find them ----__ -.. *
occur to you at the beginning insteadof enjoy the fishing. The steel wire inferior. He procured some from Italy, The Drain of Potash.
near the end of your article. should not be much larger than that namely,Sorrento, Calabria and Amalfi, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: >.
Yes, we do want facts and figures used for making common pins, and it which turned out to be inferior lemons; An orange contains, beyond question -
and the main object of my article was should be bent at the end into a short other kinds were not first-class citrons. or cavil, nitrogen, .18 per cent.;
to bring them out. The articles of hook. The reason I have previously Finally he secured some from Corsica, phosphoric acid, .05 per cent.; potash,
Mead and Harvey are in that line and failed to hook the game is because I France,that have fruited and are a fine .21. That is, the material which you
are full of meat. used a hook that was too long. The citron. The captain has, after much ship away from your groves to a distant -
And now a word of caution from an end of the wire must be only just Tabor and expense, learned the processof market, and for which you receive -
old settler may not be out of the way., turned over and bent back so that the curing them for market. At onetime the money that keeps all going,
Just at this time the horticulturalpool backward motion will fasten into the it seemed that he might have to removes from your farm, beyond all
in Florida is being rather deeply "varmint." After a few minutes ex- give it up, having to contend with so possible return, 117 pounds of potash
stirred, and it may be just as well for. perience the fisherman can tell in- many obstacles; but,being a persever- for each and every 100 pounds of ni772 -

-- -., "' -- .,,,;:, ,. "" J. "' j,: .::.. ;..,',', .'
.. r -,- MiM.i.!: :;;: ,_"','"- 'n








and Pineapples. Every kind of Raw Material.
For Orange Vegetables,

A \ < C

For bearing orange trees. For bearing orange e Ammoniac..young orange...... 5to6 trees. cent. Ammonia.........fertilizer...... 5 to 6 per cent.Ayatlphos.acid. .
Ammonia................ 4to 5 per cent. Ammonia..... ... ... 4:per. cent." Avail phos. acid........ 7t08.per. .' Avail phos. acid ........ 6to 8" *
......... 8to10" Avail phos. acid .. 6 to 8. ..... Insolphos.acld..2to 4, "
In sol phos. acid......... 2 to 3 u Insol phos. acid........ 2to 3" '"* Insolphos.acid.K20.. ...........2to3.3to4 Potash K20.............. 9 to 10" "
Potash K20 ... .... 10 to 12" Potash K20 ............ It to 16" Potash f 34 per ton. $38 per ton.
$37 ton.

T .1 I I
must Potash for Orange Trees. the air, as most of the ammonia would should leave as many trees as he can
trogen; and, further, this potash frost and shelter.
be to do? Give us another ed- to give protection
of the Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower:
lie within the working arena
He is instructed to cultivate his
root system of the trees or the fruit In regard to the use of potash i in tion. J.
the of clean
on plan a garden,
must suffer either in quantity or qual- orange culture, no one of any experience Orlando, Fla.Cultivation culture and plowing and
ty-a fact as inevitable as death itself. will deny its value, but that i its in the groves about De frequent ;
It is absurd to say that the famous value has been exaggerated there is no Land is performed almost entirely, in again an expert tells him to avoid
in the
the centers
with various kinds of breaking up ground
in Florid bearing ,
doubt. I ; groves
to -
Florida owes nothing potash : oranges
and to let the and weeds
cultivators and harrows the acme etc grass grow
naturall from quite a number ,
beyond such supplies as } eighteen years ago
during the summer to keep the heat
existed in the soil. It is the improvement of groves, which were just as good The hoe is used only close about the from baking the soil and injuring the
in Florida oranges by method: as any I have ever eaten since. And trees where a cultivator cannot be
tender rootlets.He .
of culture and fertilization that have yet their owners had never heard of driven without danger of breaking the
used trees. It is our impression that the is urged to irrigate, spray and
contributed this quality of famousness potash being on orange groves
water his trees to mitigate, droughtand
the fer
of the work
natural For I used potash plentifully majority growers
It is certainly true that two years
to kill insect then another -
soil have one-half of bearing < tilizer in slightly with some kind of plagues;
sources of potash in the on my grove
tells him that it is useless
it and leaveit a expense
i in There difference in quantity or; harrow, but some scatter
raised of oranges : was no
Florida many and that crops tankage and like nitrogen quality until after the holidays, when lying on the surface If this is done and kills the lady bug, his friend.
One tells him to have his trees
materials have enabled the the part not potashed showed a little during the rainy season
will be washed in and at the November high with plenty of air through them.
utilization of the last remnants of more inclination to drop. A small soon ,
advocates the
both of the application the, sun is not hot growing
Florida to
these stores. But farmers of quantity applied parts
branches low to the body of
the The enough to dissipate it very rapidly. protect
will learn, as the Northern farmer: grove stopped the tree and to facilitate. gatheringthe
when i it had been bearing for eight .
have, that the exhaustion grove year fruit and shade the ground.
comes is total, and that the natural' and up to this time I had never used Editor Farmer and: Fruit-Grower; Amid the multitude of counselorshe

soil distributive process of many year potash. I have been using. specia Will you please explain in your pa- is sadly perplexed and is finally
must be replaced by the direct application manures since.I per how the growers of DeLand whose< forced to the conclusion that it is all a
of materials, only a portion of have raised another grove which groves you describe in your last issue< matter of experiment and that each
which can be hoped to become imme has been bearing heavily for two year work the fertilizer into the land. At one must find out for himself what

diately available. Even Mr. W. I. and is now bending under a heavy that age of the trees the fertilizer would plan of cultivation is best suited to his

Neeld must know that an unreplen crop, which never had a spoonful of have to be applied in the middles; now, own considering the nature of
ished granary, bank account, or pocketbook potash until this fall, when my con how do they do it, for instance, in the soil grove and other varying circum
must in time become exhaust- tract expired and it went out of my; midsummer? I notice that, at least stances. He will soon come to cer-

r ed. S. PEACOCK. hands. I know of three groves which in the case of Tangerines, the amountof tain general conclusions for himself, if

Finleys,N.J. were brought into bearing and from cultivation will show in the size of he is practical and intelligent, and will
4 litigation and other causes abandoned< the fruit, which is influencing; the judge of methods by their results.
Pear Blight.A or neglected. They are now thickl;} price considerably.Do ..
strong healthy tree, like a strong studded ,vth thrifty oak trees, which,, vou know of any implement that --a-
s healthy person, has the power to resist without cultivation, have made won would be a fair substitute for the plowin The growers of DeLand mean busi-

disease. It is the weak,- pl..orly- derful growth, showing that if potash grassy land? As far as my experience ness, as was demonstrated, lately at a
fed tree or animal- that yields to the< is necessary the tree has a way of{ goes there are but two ways, the meeting held by them at which the
attack. Scientists have for years been skirmishing around and getting it. plow or clean culture all the year situation was fully discussed and the

studying pear blight. They have I am very well satisfied with this round; and I should like to know if opinion expressed that concentrated
found the microbes of the disease;; philanthropic measure of the German there is a third possibility.A. action was essential to their continued
.. they have reproduced the disease in Kali Works. It will have the effect KLEINSCHEG.Sarasota prosperity.* They decided to discourage -

other trees; but the cause of it has remained of making the average orange grower; FIa.Al1ong consignments as far as possible,
hidden, unless we accept the think a little, which will result in a old and large trees, of course,, and agreed to sell, and advised othersto
suggestion that it is caused by soil ex diminished use of potash and enable the fertilizer has to be applied in the : sell on the trees if possible, and if

haustion. The pear requires potash the beggar to put a little somethinginto middles, clear accoss. It is generally not possible, to send to the Florida
to an unusual degree. Soils abounding his pocket instead of everythinginto worked in with cultivators or harrows. Fruit Exchange. They concluded,
in potash grow fine pears. If then somebody else's pocket. W The growers usually trouble them- and actually pledged themselves, not
we can furnish our pear orchards suf-- growers are glad to learn that the selves very little about the grass dur- to sell their oranges for less than a

ficient potash, the dreaded blight German Kali Works are going into ing the summer. In many of the dollar per box on. the trees.Orlando

ought not to appear. A Delaware the philanthropic business ; we had groves we noticed it had grown to Reporter. ..
grower is reported to have splendid thought the philanthropists were all such a size that it would have yieldeda -*- Him.
crops of pears every year, while his dead. Now if we can induce the considerable swath, and being dead He Agreed WIth
neighbors make failures. He grows nitrate of soda syndicate and the rail and dry it was a menace to the trees. "I don't never read them lyin' newspapers -
his trees in good soil, well fertilized roads to increase their prices-all in Some few plow it under--or attemptto > ," said Farmer Bighead to a

with bones, bone-meal, wood ashes, the interest of the growers-then the do it-making very rough work of solicitor; for his shipments.
and muriate of potash. Green cropsof raiment of the already bloated orange it. Others cut and tear it up with a "That's right, that's right. replied

clover are F plowed in and every grower will not hold him. cutaway harrow, flattening it down the slick! solicitor.
tree well mulched. His large orchard THANKSGIVING. and mixing it with sand to such an And on the strength of the slight

was in perfect health last year, only .. extent that the danger from fire is reduced acquaintance thus formed, the know-
limb affected with minimum. t-all farmer him consignments.The .
one being blight. Systems of Culture at DeLand. to a gave
I. 4 farmer now sings the old song :
Three hundred and sixty head of Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: The Orange Grower's Advisers.The 'He's' gone but not forgotten."
beef cattle have been carried to mar- You say in your last issue that most .
Meade the of the about DeLand orange grower has three problems -
ket from Fort during past orange groves Where It Goes.
two weeks and from three hundred to are not plowed. We want the rest of. to contend with and he can
five hundred head are driven to the the story. What is done instead of, hardly decide to his own satisfaction Shipper Smart to High Market
market every month. It is estimatedthat plowing ? Do they use any kind of anyone of them. The first is how to }ones.-Why is it you haven't sent

the cattlemen making Fort Meadetheir harrow? If so, what kind? Do they make and cultivate an orange grove. account of sales with check of that

headquarters own between twenty- hoe the ground over? When they put He is told by one to clear up the land last shipment I made you ?
five thousand and thirty thousand on fertilizer is it left on the surface to without leaving a tree, stump or bush High Market: Jones.-It's all owing

head.-Fort Meade Pebble. settle into the ground or pass off in in it. He is directly told that he to: other shippers. ....



.. .- ",, ', -_.a_ 'rTHE



I .

774 ,


The Fertilizer, House of f Florida One CROP-PKODUCING that will create and make bloom, mature and sweeten the fruit. The most successful ,

rock phosphate used). FORMULA on the market t<><1ay. Note analysis, (no The Fertilizer, House of f Florida

J'a.ol sonv:111e: : F1a. U J.I BAKER 9 RDfl 'C ,
Complete Orange tree .Ta.OkSOXl.: ripe. FIR.
ro I
Best Crop in Twenty-Three Years. -.
M. T.J. HILL, Maitland, ria.,writes under date Sept. ,
24 1E94: --0-
"The H.
J. BRO's Complete Orange Tree
used last
December I consider
a great benefit to old

ange trees.business I used about about twenty-three one ton to 140 years trees.,and I have I have been my the in best the orange or- Sworn and Guaranteed Analysis.Moisture A Large, Smooth, Bright Crop.

have ever had." crop I DANIEL FOLEY, Killarney, Fla in letter Sept. 21, 1894 writes

More Fruit This Year Than in Three Years. ................ ...................... 10 to 13 percent. which"The I H. J. BAKER & BRO.'S Complete Orange Tree Manure:
D. A. MORRISON, Maitland. Fla writes Ammonia derived from Sulphate of Am- purchased of you last season has given me perfect satis-
"The Sept. 26,1894 : monia and ...... .. faction. I have a larger TOO than ever before and
H.J. BAKER & Bro.'s Orange Tree Manure I Organic Matter; .... 3 40-IOO to 4 a rjreater pro-
portion of
bought of the fruit is
you last fall gave me as good satisfaction as I could Available Phos.Acid from Dissolved Bone... 4 to smooth and bright than in past: seasons.
wish 5
expect to use it this fall. I have more fruit on this and I Insoluble Phos. Acid from Guano, etc........ Ito 3 Bright Fruit! No Insects.
than in the past three seasons,and I attribute it my to grcve the use of year H. Equivalent, Pure Bone Phos. Lime..... .o.. II to 17 S. S. WOOD, Fruitland Park, Fla., states
Potash Sept.
Actual, from 21,1894
J.Baker& Bro.'s Complete Orange Tree Manure." Sulphate of Potash only 10 to 12 "I have used the H. J. BAKER & :
:) BENJ.COOK Highland Park, Fla., in letter Magnesium Sulphate Chloride, etc.,Calcium Manure the past two Complete Orange Tree
"I used H. J. BAKER &BRO.'S Complete Orange Sept. 23.Tree 1894 Manure,states: Sulphate, Organic Matter, etc ............ 64 to 72 good condition. Fruit seasons bright with and both good very success.free from My insects.trees are"in
on this
my grove year, and it never has done so well. I never had
such afne crop, and my grove did not suffer from the severe -0 --
drouth like some groves did. I also used it on several --0--
; groves i in
my. care,and they are all doing fine and show good crops."

PRICE, $39.00 per 'I'on: ini Bb1s. $38.00
per Tory
jt8F- We are, however,just as ready to make Sacks.
blood and bone, cottonseed meal, potash, etc.,Because any special formula, at lowest possible prices, as to sell agricultural chemicals, fertilizer
we carry Them All in materials,ground tobacco
reading,send for copy. Stock. We don't own a newspaper and our space is limited. Our "Oranges, Tropical Fruits stems,and Kentucky Vegetables"tobacco is stems worth,

; ...onvU.1e.: F'1orlcii.. WII4SOiN: & TOOM1 R.ra.ol
'rHE .

Farmer $ Trucker as well as potash. Air-slaked lime Water from Deep Wells.
lisher of the
............. and good marl are recommended as The Irrigator magazine, have
problem of how
the most economical application for to obtain good attracted much attention. One of them

Stra.wberries-How to Fertilize. sour land. water in Florida has been found i inmost was for Mr. L. F. Dommerich, of Mait-

Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: As is well known lime is valuable sections quite easy to solve. A land, and the other for Mr. William
The relative merits of placing fer- well dug or a pipe driven from Schultz
dressing for other reasons than because ten to Jr., Winter Park. These
beneath the -
roots before
plant- I thirty feet usually secures abund contracts
an made
it tends were with clause
to correct the ,
ing or hoeing it in after the has over- ant of
plant sourness of the soil. I supply good, potable water. It guaranteeing pure water and an inex-
made a start are worthy of consideration. is that shallow haustible
Professor apparent a well is de supply. The water has been
Our experience thus far with writing upon the pendent for its
influence of lime purity upon the natureof analyzed by the eminent chemist Professor
on soils and -
Florida soil is that it is of much more crop its surroundings. Whatever T. R. Baker
contaminates of Rollins
production ,
: College
benefit to place it beneath the ,
roots 'Other these, endangers the well. and found of great excellence.
things ,
being equal the
before planting. In so placing we The surface water, impregnatedwith 1 Analysis of
thriftiness of a soil is water from artesian well
furrow about measurably -
open a four inches deep the impurities it
certain comes con belonging to Mr. F. L. Dommerich
a minimum as
scatter the fertilizer (in this blood per with
case L tact readily finds its to the follows:
of lime. way
and bone) and stir it in with a hoe, centage Showing the advantages bottom and the well becomes fruit Odor at ........
resulting from certain deft a 100 deg. F.; ..............Not .
a any
then level up and plant. Rows pre ful source of evil. Free ammonia, milligrams per litre.... 8.00
pared three weeks in advance amount of lime in a soil, we find Albumenoid ammonia ... 12.00 ,
of plant that it effects: A rainy season, following a season Chlorine, grains per U. S.gallon ..,.... 5.00
ing show better results than those Total solid matter, grains per U. S. gal-
set t
"First, a more rapid decay of of drouth, is regarded as a time of pe lon .;................. 20.83
:immediately after preparation.In vege culiar danger from this Nitrates............... .... Not
comparison other rows were table matter into humus. cause. It i is Hardness,degrees ...................... any 6.5

planted on freshly turned soil without t "Second, the retention of this humusagainst therefore not at all unlikely that the Analysis of water from artesian well
the prevalence of dengue fever and its al 1
oxidizing effects of hot belonging William
fertilizer and Schultz
same quantity of fer lied forms of malarial Jr., as
tilizer climates."Third. maladies, i in follows:
was hoed in
immediately taking

care not to get too close to roots., whether through the me- many parts of the State the past season Odor at loo deg. F.. .....................Not ,
In both dium of this humus, or in a more did may be traced to the water sup Free; ammonia,milligrams per litre..... 16.00 any
cases a small quantity of fer Albumenoid ammonia ...
tilizer was scattered at each rect manner, it renders adequate for Chlorine, grains per U. S.gallon....... 6 67

after two months of growth hoeing the an profitable culture percentages of phosphoric Fortunately, there are several waysto Total lon solid......matter........,.grains.......per... U...S....gal.. .

with fertilizer rows acid or potash so small that i in guard against this danger. Those Nitrates..................... ............ Not ii 63
beneath the roots show of who have ice made from distilled Hardness, degrees ................... 8.50 any
much case a deficiency, or the absenceof water -
the The
better results. cost of such an outfit is
lime the soil is can drink that, nor is it a difficultmatter ex-
We find our orange trees also do practically sterile. to distill cessive in view of the fact that it set
"Fourth, it tends to secure water at home, as it
better where tles the
fertilizer is plowedunder is nothing but condensed water question once for all

particularly during the winter p nitrification of the conditionsof just boiling the water is steam.sufficient Or to, and provides a considerable supply for
whereby the inert nitrogen the
fertilizing season. irrigation of grounds and
destroy all organic garden,
of the soil is rendered germs.A
A. L. R. avail- as well as for the use of the house.

able."Fifth still better way is to use a pasteuror This is especially desirable for places

it exerts an important other form of filter which ford
Effeots of Lime. physical a beyond the reach of city water works.
action on the fluctuation time, answers a good
an purpose. Such abundance
an of
Experiments made at the Rhode water, flowing
Island Station therefore on the tillability, of the The best way of all, however, is to at will on one's premises; is not
Kingston, on two soil."
secure a perfectly of
plats both treated supply than half appreciated by those who do
nitrate of soda, and one so protected that
one with lime and the other not enjoy it=Orlando Sentinel.
without t, McNeil Peas. deleterious can reach it. This is done

showed surprising difference in yield 1, Can any of the readers of this by drilling a well clear through the su .

which was thought to be due to the tell paper face rocks and there getting rThe alluvium works at this place
me anything about the Mc access to
lime in neutralizing harmful acids of Neil pea? How does it do here in- the pure water beneath. In this section : I are rapidly nearing completion under
the soil. the
the South, and where can I get some a depth of from 125 to 150 feet is supervision of Capt. F. Hubbard,
It has often been of the Florida
assumed that only] Dredge Company and
seed? Please answer through this necessary. When such a well is drilled, ,
the low,mucky soils contain the work of the
too much: paper. G. L. MICHAEL. cased up with twelve-foot "Irrigator" taking alluvium from

acid, but these experiments seem to wind mill and a capacious cistern and the lake and preparing it for shipmentwill

point out the fact that even cultivated; My wife tried the Rural Home the water taken over the house, and soon begin. The company has a

upland soil may be too. Such a con fruit cake recipe which she found in through the gardennothing good crew of skilled workmen engaged -
dition would furnish an explanation of the issue of November 24; it is very< be desired in this direction. more The wind here, and under the directionof

J, the difficulty on some soils of growing nice indeed, shall use it again. will do the rest. The mind be at foreman C. M. Travers the work

such'crops as beets, spinach, lettuce: rest about the quality of the may water goes on rapidly.-Alluvia item in Pa-

onions, etc. It would also 'explain "BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES" are a which will be abundant well latka Times Herald.
the extraordinary effect of wood asheson simple and convenient remedy for Bronchial wholesome.Two as .-o .-----

some soils and crops, for wood Affections and Coughs. Carry A traveler on Indian River reports

ashes contain a large amount of lime them. in your pocket. Sold only in >boxes. plants of this kind recently put> seeing seventy-five acres of pineapples
in by Mr. A. G.
Kingsbury, the pub- in one field at Eden.

., .. .'
-' ,;
-': '; ;":>" ,





and put her in a large coop, the poults POPULAR POULTRY FARM I

Poultry.Edited being able to run in and out. After ,

.... -- three days I gave her liberty every APOPKA FLORIDA. .

by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. day after the dew was off the grass.

'-"- -- .....- -- After they had their morning meal the Opinion of the Press.The .

Bore-Head. hen would jump the fence and all the Vice-President of the Florida Poultry As
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: little poults would run through the sociation and editor of the South Florida Home
makes the following comments on the exhibitat
I have been very much interested palings. About five o'clock they would South Florida Fair:

reading the different opinions regarding come home. They worried me a great The next in order comes the Popular Poultry

our bete-noir, "sore-head." I deal. I thought they would not growon Farm, Apopka,S. S. DeLanoy, proprietor, with
cannot help but think our weevilly one trio each of Langshans, Indian Games,
two meals a day, and out in so and four
White Leghorns and Black Minorcas-
wormy grain has something to do many showers. Several times I had better trios were seldom seen. The Indian

with it. I feed very little corn. WhenI to go hunting them with a basket to Games were the best we have ever seen, and

use mashes, I always cook thoroughly i gather them up and dry them, but how easily won the blue card, as did the White Leghi -
hoping to destroy there rns and Minorcas. The Langshans ought to
any germs they did grow. Now, at four and a
have had the first,but through an oversight of
might be, but in spite of everything, half months old they are large-
the Judge it was given to t* pair that were dis
coops cleaned once a week, air slacked just four times the size of the nine. qualified.The .

lime sifted over the floor, drinking This shows what free range will do. above, coming from a breeder of experience -
vessels cleaned day ,is worth the attention of all who contem-
every coops The first ten days for feed I roll plate the purchase of fowls or eggs.
sprayed frequently with kerosene and crackers fine, chopped hard boiled -- '"" Send stamp for catalogue.

carbolic emulsions,I cannot completely eggs, pepper and salt, moistened with : -

escape. sweet milk, varied by chopping onions s. s. IlehANO'Y, PROP. I

It always commences with the tur- fine; then later I take equal parts of '

keys in August, after two or three ground feed, oats, corn, bran, one part location, cost of food, soil and mar- The weather is fine, and the ship-

days rain. As they get better some of animal meal well scalded with boil- kets not be favorable to success. ment of oranges is going on to a limi-
of the chicks take it. Out of -
seventytwo ing water. When six weeks old I give But little risk is incurred when the ted extent. Geneva has two orange

turkeys I lost none, not all of wheat twice a day. It is a handsome beginner starts with a small flock, and packing squads; one is engaged at
them had it. I lost ten out of three
sight to see fifty large bronze turkeys.A. with patience his flocks in a few years home, while the other is on the wing.
chickens and the
hundred they were
M. G.
may pay well. There is no business The "winged" squad has beeh en-

puny ones. take and gaged at Chuluota and near Gabriella -
that a can at once up
Before I used the remedy I do now,
I tried all those that have been men- Begin Moderately. make it successful in a year, especiallyif and is now near Titusville.Orlando -

no experience can be used as an aid, Sentinel.A .
tioned and many more. If you will When a beginner decides to go into -
and the raising of poultry is no excep- State item says : There is a
notice closely even before the sores I the poultry business he is liable to
tion. There is profit in poultry, but fifty-acre grape-fruit grove at Victoria,
appear, chicks when first let out in overestimate the receipts and place
it must be secured with the assistanceof Lake county; every tree well fruited.
the morning, will make for the water- the expenses too low. The large ma-
the usual and experience The Lake City Reporter that
knowledge says
feverish and who
ing trough. They are jority of inexperienced persons
for at the establishment of 'a bank in Lake
very often if you cure them of that, go into the raising of poultry as a bus- necessary success any oc-
Fireside. date is assured fact.
cupation.-Farm City at an early an
they are soon allright. I give Hum- iness have no conception of the draw- .. The the Markham
A. A. for fever if and difficulties be orange crop on
phrey's Specific ; .. backs : to encoun-
the United States
Florida Facts Sanford estimated at
says near 10,000boxes
canker appears, C. C.; if sores or. tered. They are willing to devote a grove
Government paid Spain 1776 cents an has been sold to Mr. Joblin, of
lumps form, wet with equal parts certain amount of capital to the enter-
for Florida and Mexico 476 centsan box the
acre Sanford, at 65 cents per on
white iodine and glycerine. If you prise, and expect returns correspond-
acre for California, which proves tree.-Orlando Sentinel.
will these remedies I do think make allowance for
try not ingly. They no
that Florida land is worth more than ,
you will go back to sulphur, lard, ker sickness, loss from enemies and dep- California. But the Facts should remember )

oseneand carbolic acid, for while redators, or possible mismanagement.There had Mexico The Davenport, Ia., Democrat of
that we to whip
it takes hundreds of recorded November 18 says: "This market
they will effect a cure, so long are cases bar-
before could such a good
we get
and you have to handle the birds where large sums have been lost in I I and all Northern markets are suppliedwith
in real estate.
twice a day which to me is a very the poultry business simply because gain I a green, sour, bitter, out of sea-
Mr. L. F. Dommerich has sold his fruit called the Florida .
trying task. When my turkeys had it money was plentiful, but experienceand son orange.It
I caught six big twenty pounders and knowledge were lacking. orange crop on his Hiawatha grove atMaitland isn't the fourth cousin to the genu-

applied the wash once. It seems to There is but one safe road for all to to Heard & Rawls, of that ine, ripe, juicy, golden orange for
place, the understood price being 75 which the peninsula State is so fa
stop the formation at once, and the follow, and that is to start at the bot-
cents per box on the tree; the crop is mous. Why the Southern
scab soon falls off without eating into tom. Those who begin at the top, growers
the flesh, as I've had it do with other with large numbers, in nearly all cases estimated to be about 4,000 boxes ; ship such stuff is beyond comprehension. -
this is one of the largest sales that has It doesn't them even in
remedies. I with I Miss B. that pay
agree down to the bottom but begin- I
get ; been made in this section this sea- immediate while in the long
the disease is hereditary for I too ning with only a few hens, and grad- gains,
son.-Orlando Sentinel. their rashness is bound to cost
and after run
$1.00 two days
bought eggs ually increasing each year, as the
hatching one chick had sore eyes and poultry characteristics are better understood The New York Herald has resumedits them: good money. Let the fruit ripen -

the other swollen feet and legs. It will lead to success. Thereare daily reports of Weather in Amer- on the trees. Compel the rail-

took me sometime to cure the legs.A. so many little things to know, andso ican WinterResorts" again this season. roads to grant a reasonable rate for

M. G. details to observe, that they Last season they published indications transportation, and then the Northern

.i cannot many be mentioned. Nor can one from Hot Springs, Ark. ; Jacksonville, States will take twice the crop of or-

learn entirely by reading. It is true Fla. ; Aiken, S. C., and Los Angeles, anges Florida can produce. There is
Turkeys. This from Hot State in the Union that can in
attention Cal. season they are no any
Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower: that reading will attract to
I think the best months in which. much that will be valuable, but it is Springs, Jacksonville, Aiken, and also degree compare with it in orange
from St. Augustine and Tampa. This growing. And yet the Northern mar-
in this climate November only by the daily observation and
to raise turkeys are -
December January and Feb constant work that knowledge is shows that Florida is coming to the ket has not been opened. There will

front, while California comes up miss- be a demand later for 10 boxes to
ruary. They are then well grown by gained. The management of poultry "
News. Florida can produce.
the time our rainy season sets in. To cannot be turned over entirely to an ing.-St. Augustine everyone ) .

do well they want free range. I had employee. Should he happen to not Four hundred and seventyeightboxes Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder

two turkeys to steal a nest the last of fully understand the business of man the largest shipment of grape World's Fair Highest Award.

May this year; it was later than I liked, aging large numbers, (which but few fruit ever made from that point at one .

but I thought I would let them have can boast of), the capital of the em- time, left Seffner on Tuesday. Last Send us lists of names to whom you

""their way; so I brought them to an en- ployer will be swept away so quicklyas Monday L. Stafford received a check would like to have sample copies for-

closed yard, put two nests in a tent to cause surprise.It for $53.60 as the net proceeds from( the I warded-a postal card will answer.

and awaited results. For some will not pay one with limited sale of fifteen barrels of egg plants I I

coop reason nine of the eggs hatched on thetwentyfirst means to risk his all in poultry if he shipped the previous week to New : THE IMP

day. There were still knows knothing about it, and the, York. This gives net proceeds of OVEDVICTOR

twenty-four eggs left, so I gave the poultry business, though looked upon $3.38 per barrel. G. F. Chastain also
those who desire to for- received net proceeds of $2.20 per box
poults to a hen that had a few chick- as a resort by INCUBATORHatches

efts; they were kept "in a large yard sake other occupations, is really very for egg plants packed in the ordinary --. Chickens by Steam.
j Absolutely elf-reeulotlnff
and fed generously five times a day. unsafe, except when capital and expe- orange box. Both of these gentlemenare := The simplest, most reliable,

Seven days later twenty hatched. I rience are joined. Even with the making shipments every week.- Lata-logne4cente7 in and the cheapest market.first-class Circulars Hatchet free.

gave them all to the one turkey hen most:experienced persons, the climate., Palatka Times-Herald. GEO. RT.EL&CO.v Qolncy JlJ.THE .






Florida Fruit Exchange. $1.50 to $3.3734 per box. Much of Marketing Oranges. Awarded
From the number of articles Honors World's Pte. .
this fruit is poor and still immatureand appearing Highest ..

Semi-Weekly Market Report. this latter fact accounts for some in our newspapers and agri- -DRitEs;
cultural journals, one would form
FLA. Dec. of the low sales. conclusions. The
JACKSONVILLE, 1894. very contradictory
The week closes with prices on Bad weather and the fact that so trouble appears to be, that the opin

choice grades and sound fruit un- much decay is found accounts for the ions of these writers seem to be basedon
selfish considerations or else to be
changed. Best lines sell $1.90 to present depression.
purely theoretical opinions based neither -
$2.50, while the lower grades go at Shipments are not excessively heavy on intelligent appreciation of facts
hence we look for better results with
of value.
$1.25 toi.6o. nor any experience CREAM .
Grape fruit selling $2.00 to $4.25for the advent of fairer weather. The orange grower is in Florida,
EXPORT SHIPMENTS. his markets are all over the United
fair to good bright stock.
Conditions in the markets States and even abroad and in the se- BAKINGPOWDHt
Tangerines $1.00 to $2.75 per half
cluded area in which he moves he has
box with active demand. remain about as last reported. Two
no opportunity of knowing very much
Lemons are about as last reported. sales this week averaged 8 shillingseach outside of his own experience sellinga

Fancy bright lemons $2.75 to $3.50, the range being 5 to 10 shillingsand limited quantity of fruit. He has

fair to poor $1.00 to $2.00. 6 pence. perhaps made consignments one sea MOST PERFECT MADEA

Decay is still being reported; this Those still desiring to risk ship- son season which unfavorably.resulted favorably He has,sent another one pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. ...
deliver their fruit from Ammonia,Alum or other adult t
ments can at Jacksonville any
is noticeable in fruit
trouble most shipment to one market and anotherto
shipped during the recent rainy. damp on days preceeding Dec. 6th, a different one. His fruit one year
weather. 9th, i3th and 16th. has been sold at auction and at another -
time on the trees, or f. o. b. packed. just named,choice white potatoes from
It is hard this time to make .
at any We desire to call the particular at- If he has a large grove and has Montana have sold at highest prices,

correct prediction as to the results to tention of our friends to the fact, that shipped during several whole seasons, commanding hoc and better with good
be expected during the coming week. he may have some comparative results New York Burbanks around 55C and
we are endeavoring, through the me-
Recent reports indicate a continuanceof which may aid him. northwestern Burbanks and Hebrons
prices realized during past ten dium of these semi-weekly market re- So far as we can judge, those who 47 to 53C. Long Island Rose are
ports, to give the true facts as to the give their opinions in the most pro- selling in bulk in New York on the
days and as shipments are not as heavyas actual condition of the markets at the nounced manner have had very little basis of $1.75 to $2.15 per barrel for

is usual for this particular part of time reports are made up. We do experience, and are apt to condemn good to choice lots.
the season we are inclined to believe those plans to which they have never Scotch and German potatoes are
not at time color our informationfor
that the week will open quite favor any given a trial. We know of growers coming forward in a desultory man-
the purpose of influencing ship- who raise annually a number of thou- ner. The September imports were
ably. All reports from our agents pre- ments to the Exchange. When mar- sands of boxes, all of which are sold small at 8,334 bu, but the movement
dicte a favorable condition of markets the Fruit auctionin since that date shows of
kets are low we propose to state the through Exchange something an
throughout the month of December. facts plainly, our sole aim being the the great centers of distribution,and increase. Total imports during, the
FOREIGN SALES. who seem perfectly satisfied with this first nine months of the year have
of friends in such
Cables received sale placing our a position mode of selling their fruit by their con- been important at 2,517,000 bu (aver-
just report one i
which as will enable them to view the tinual shipments for sale at auction age price 43c) against 3,577,000 dur- #
today Liverpool averaged 7 situation intelligently,and increase, de- year by year. ing the corresponding nine months of

shillings, the range being 4 to 9 shil- crease or cease shipments entirely, ac- We know of others who have never '93, (average price 5ic).

lings, and one sale at London ranged cording to the information furnished tried the Exchange methods who are Sweets are a shade steadier at the

5 to 10 shillings and 6 pence, with average time time. most pronounced in their condemnation decidedly low prices paid for common
of 8 shillings.We to and who base their opinions apparently stock. The quality is irregular and
We beg. to remind the orange growers on abstract prejudice without while the demand is fair prices covera
in these
see nothing figures to that when our reports show low experience. To an impartial observerthe wide range. Ordinary lots of Vir-

warrant further shipments at present, prices and unfavorable conditions of practice of the one seems to be a ginia and Illinois growing are sellingin

although we will continue forwardingall markets, this is no indication that theycan far more cogent argument in favor of the big markets as low as 75C to

lots marked "For Export," unless ship else where and do better. The .auction sales than the inexperience and 1.00 per bbl, while good to choice

positive'advices are received to the Exchange is at all times able to get i prejudice of the man who has never Baltimores and Jerseys will command
just as much for the fruit as can possi- tried the plan which he condemns.The 1.75 to 2.50 when well packed.At .
contrary. bly be obtained through any other fact that the selling of fruit by Chicago, receipts during the
Next shipping dates are December2nd channel. auction has been for so many years week were only moderate. Most of

6th, 9th and i3th. e4 S the practice with foreign fruits, and the stock now on hand i is good, old
Grape Fruit. has been adopted in all the great mar- and frosty having been well cleanedout.

FLA. Dec The horticulturists insist that we kets, would seem to show that this Northwestern Burbanks 50 to
should call it pomelo, but it will be a question has been settled by those who 54 c per bu.; Mich 45 to 52C; N. Y.,
Markets are not as strong as they time before science will in the
long have the largest interests in this mat- 50 to 56; Northwestern Hebrons, 45
were last week, although good lines matter of names get the better of cus- ter. Very few would dispute the idea to 5ic; Mich. 45 to 5oc; Rose and

of sound fruit still sell well up to the tom.One that a sale at home at a fair price was Peerless 45 to 52c; Empire state 46 to
highest figures last reported. of the noticeable features of an advantage when it can be done. to 52c; white stock 45 to 6oc; mixed,
this season's is the .
marketing promi-
*-*- to
45 49C.
Oranges classing as brights nence given to grape fruit. In the Potatoes and Vegetables. At New York, trading is quiet, poor
ranging in size i 76 to 216 and sound, Harris & Co. catalogue of a Fruit Ex- Every city of importance east and stock weak and low, choice steady.

average well up to 2.00 and 2.25 per change sale of fruit, November 20, at west has within a few days received a Scotch 1.90 per bag of 168 Ibs.; Ger-

box. Some specially good lines going Boston, we notice that two entire pagesare considerable quantity of frosted stock man 1.50 to 2.00; Me. Hebron, 1.62

a little higher. Sizes 126 to 150 devoted to grape fruit, of which 42 which either went at ruinous prices or to 1.87 per sk.; L. I. Rose, 1.75 to
lots were sold at prices varying from could not be disposed of at all. As a 2.00 per bbl.; Jersey, i.oo to 1.50; N.
of same grade go for 1.50 to J.75 per 75c to $3.624. The increased sales consequence prices cover an unusuallywide Y. 1.37 to 1.62 ; N. J. sweets 1.25 to

box. indicate the increasing demand. range. The sound to fancy stockis :2.50; Va. 1.12.
Inferior grades sell 75 cents to $1.25 The slowly acquired taste for this held with more firmness, while the At Chicago celery continues in good

and when unsound go lower. delicious fruit is now well developedand supply of poor to fair quality is more supply and rules easy; choice to fancy,

Tangerine sales were somewhat people who used to look upon it as than ample and sales effected with 15 to 2oc per doz.; common to fair,'10
a curiosity or a monstrosity now take some difficulty. A good many cars to i2C. Cabbage steady; home-grown,
lower than last reports. Inferior and pride in having it on their tables. We of showed loss inves-
disposed a upon 4.00 to 4.50 per 100; car lots, 8.00 to
small fruit sold $1.50 to $2.00. Best have noticed lately some fashionablemenus tigation of 25 to 75 bushels per. car on 10.00 per ton. Carrots slow at 75c

grades go up to $2.50 and $4.50. per with grape fruit as the introductory account of the frost, the average being per barrel. Beets, 75C. Cucumbers,

box. luxury. The taste for grape about 40 bushels. Consignments of 75C per doz.. Green onions, i.oo per

Mandarins sold $1.90 to $3.30 fruit will no doubt grow and give us a this character have sold in Chicago at box. Turnips steady; white, 50 "to
per large demand for a fruit in which so 25 to 5oc per bushel, depending upon 1.00 per barrel; rutabaga, 19 to 2ic
box, with a rather light demand. far we have had to meet no foreign the extent of the frost damage and the per bushel.At .

Grape fruit seems easier, and sold competition to speak of. quality of the stock. In the market New York cauliflower is I.CO'toM





-_..- -I I-I which sold from arrivals of from
offering his commodities to a very Florida oranges, $1.50to Large potatoes
large number of buyers competingwith $4.00 per box, a majority going Prince Edward Island have depressedthe

each other for what they want. above: $2.50 per box. market, and 50 to 75 cents per
I The Instead of going over a large district 583 cases of Malaga oranges, con. bushel is a full rate for the best East-
into cellars and warehouses to look at taining 400, and upwards to the case, ern. It is hard to get 48 cents for the

fruit, the buyer has a large range oi sold at the average of about $2.00 per Island Chenaiigoes. There are now
breath kinds and qualities exhibited together case. afloat here 107,000 bushels. Less than

at one place, thus saving time and 3,550 barrels of American apples. 50 cents will not let shippers out
enhancing opportunities. The out-of 3,299 cases of Valencia onions. whole. The new tariff so destructiveto

of health town buyer can employ a broker to 184 barrels of Dutch pears. the interest of American farmers, is

+ purchase the kind and quality he 1,022 barrels of Almeria grapes. flooding this market with foreign po-

from the sea-the bracing wants at a small expense. All of this large lot, about 2,300 tatoes.-Am. Cultivator.

effects of a in the Forty thousand boxes of Florida boxes of oranges, 3,550 barrels of ap- .
stay oranges are landed in New York every ples, 3,300 cases of onions and over How the California railroads work for
mountains-the toning up week, and all those sold at auction are 1,000 barrels of grapes, were all disposed the interests of that State is shown by
qualities of absolute rest- examined at the dock and sold to be of in one day, and certainly, the following statement: The Southern

that rest which is so necessary delivered from the dock, saving all judging by the prices realized for Flor- Pacific Company has made a con-

to the wife, the cartage and injury from handling.Two ida oranges, at satisfactory prices. tract to plant 2,000 acres at Mercedin
overworked auction houses now sell fruit. If This mode of disposing of such prod sugar beets and cultivate and deliver -
father-may all the fruit were sold that way what a ucts is the established and settled cus- the beets at cost for two years,
be found inBrown's saving of salaries there would be, be- tom of England's sensible businessmen. provided a company put up a beet-

cause every man who receives fruit factory costing $100,000. This
Iron Bitters sugar
it it and shows it has to
carts Merced land is a rich, dark loam, andit
be paid for his services out of the fruit. A good way to secure a low market will produce large of
very crops
I if taken faithfully. Men and women gain The fruit is sold at auction within and unprofitable prices is to increase
from this pleasant 24 beets. Another year, therefore, will
Mal arta remedy life-fresh a renewalof en- hours after its arrival and the loss by shipments whenever an advance is an- see another big sugar factory in full

f ergy-pure decay is reduced to a minimum, and nounced.It operation.
DyspepsiaPoor b1ood-hiJh 1 ..
spirits; chll. no repacking charges are incurred. ,.. ---:...
Blood will is said that the printing press
rosychecks andWeakness Their Own Fault.If emancipated mankind from the bar- :
the needed barism of the dark Its work I He used Powell Fertilizers.
strength It the Western railroad lines are get-
se1domfails small continues and will lead the Florida :
ting a comparatively percentageof
for it contains the
Debility vcrye1e11entst.irednature the orange business they may attrib- orange grower to the knowledge of ,
is craving I ute it safely to their persistent deter- how to get money for his fruit, by ': .

You know best whether mination to maintain higher rates of educating him through constant pre-

you need it. If you are freight than are charged to Eastern sentation of facts.. .

ailing do not delaysickness points.We.
Good business makes extrav-
have before us the quotations of never
may be at your door! sales of oranges in Eastern and West- agant promises to mislead, or induce If you raise
false hopes but confines itself to cold : Tomatoes Potatoes
The Genuine has the Crossed ern markets on the same day. On November ,
Red lines on. Wrapper 27 the averages reported atNew facts. Neither does it run too fast, Cabbage Berries

All Druggist and General Storekeeperssell York, Cincinnati and Chicagowere but keeps at a conservative gait, Peas and other Melons
it. But get the genuine- about the same, a little under $2 reined in by proper caution. Nor Trucking Cropsfor
BROWN CHEMICAL Co., Baltimore,Md. per box. Now, with this information does it lag, but is constantly spurred '
Northern and Western Jlarkets,
before him, the Florida shipper finds by the ambition of coveted success.
S that if he sends his fruit to New York 0 POWELL'S

2.50 per barrel. Celery, Michigan, his freight from Jacksonville will be It has always been the endeavor of GREEN-BAG
30 to 50 per doz roots; New York, 15 35 cents, commission and home freight the Fruit Exchange to present reasons
to 2oc. Cabbage, 2.00 to 3.50 per the same to either market. If he shipsto and facts for the consideration of Fertilizers
"'.y '- 100. Washed carrots, 75c per barrel; Chicago he pays 60 cents from Jacksonville growers, to enable them to decide the ,
. unwashed, 50 to 6oc; Florida cucum- Gainesville and other base value of their products, to follow the highest grade fertilizers made,

L bers, 1.50 to 2.50 per crate. Egg plant, points, making a difference of 25 cents conservative business methods that Send for are circular the kind telling you all need.about them.

2.00 to 5.00. Lettuce, i.oo to 1.50 per per box in favor of New York, Phila- would give the best average results, POWELL FERTILIZER & CHEfl.! CO.
barrel. Marrow squash, 50 to 75c per delphia or Boston. Of course, he will and to keep abreast of the times in all BALTIMORE MD.
barrel; Hubbard, i.oo to 1.25 per bar- ship to Eastern markets, and he is things that relate to the interest of the Fertilizer manufacturers, importers and
rel. Turnips to String beans of dealers in Nitrate of Soda. Sulphate of
65 700. ready to accept any opportunity fruit grower. Potash, Concentrated Acid Phosphate,
1.00 to 3.50 per barrel.-Am. Agri shipping to Chicago or Cincinnati via -HH- and all kinds of Fertilizing Materials.

culturist. I Baltimore or Philadelphia. The difference Selling at low prices at home to
I in freight to Cincinnati is 15 avoid loss by frost, has just about the
Sales at Auction.It .
than New York makinga
cents more same effect as a freeze every year.
seems difficult for some people to difference to the shipper of $45 on a October, November and December
dissociate in their minds a sale at auction car load to Cincinnati, and $75 on a markets are full of low-priced fruit. sower The has no
from the idea of an auction of old car load to Chicago-over what the second chance. If
It the buyers a satisfactory profit
furniture, second-hand goods, etc. freight would be to New York or Phila- but pays scarcely pays the grower's cost of you,be would sure and at first start succeed with-
A brief experience in one of our delphia.If .
production. Could home sales be FERRY'SSEEDS.
( large cities would speedily correct these Western roads had rather made only at a fair value there wouldnot
I these mistaken notions. Real estateto carry 100 car loads at 60 cents per box be this annual depression.

the value of hundreds of thousandsof to Chicago than 500 at 50 cents, they Ferry's Seed Annual .for IBM.
dollars is almost daily disposed of can have that pleasure, but a large I contains the sum and substanceof j
New York Car- Something radically new in the way the latest farming knowl-
auction in City.
at of the will Eastas
part orange crop go edge. Every planter should
of sizer is said to have been
goes of foreign products are disposedof long as they pursue that policy. an orange have It. Sent free.D.M.Ferry'&Co. .
in this simple manner; thousands .. invented by Henry C. Jones, of Or- ; .,
of bales of manufactured cloths are Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder ange City, Florida, for which great Midi.

I/ offered at auction.In World's Fair Highest Medal end Diploma. things are expected. A correspondentof
fact, the auction system is abso- ..- the Fruit Trade Journal says: "It

lutely necessary to carry on extensive A Liverpool Auction Sale.It is circular and self-propelling, The
commercial transactions. The cardi-- may interest our fruit growers to weight of four oranges will start it. It HANG Corrugated WITH STANLEY'S Steel Hinge

nal idea of a sale of commodities by know how a commercial people, like cannot clog, cannot get out of order; They are Stronger,Handsomer
their fruit busi-- it will not wear out, is about four feet and cost no more than the old
the English
auction is to bring together competitive manage : YOU style. For hale by Hardware
buyers and obtain the full market ness. We have before us a catalogueof in diameter, cannot be fed fast enough Dealers generally,but if not In
vicinity write the Manu
value for the commodities sold. It an auction sale held in Liverpoolat by three men to keep it full, and will DO'OR'your .' Send for"Biography
enables the buyer to make selectionsand the Commercial Sale Room, Stan- take the oranges from a hopper as fastas Yankee Hinge/'malledfree.

to examine fully in advance the ley street, November 7, 1894, at 10:20 they come and size them without
articles to be sold. It enables the o'clock, per Connolly & Co., brokers. any one being even in the'same house
i BrftaIflCt.$
owner to get the advantage of The sale embraced 1,754 boxes of with it," TEE STANLEY WOBKS,New .

+ ..




TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION The Potash ControversyHas the Chinaman's grove at DeLand Oranges Dirt Cheap.H. .

For One Year ................e..............*2- been carried on in our columns shows what an all-round fertilizer- L. Cone writes follows from
For Six Months........................ ..... l- as
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 with much earnestness on the part of somewhat onesided in the potash di Battle Creek, Michigan, to the Plant

Subscriptions in all cases cash in most of the participants, if not all. rection-can do when applied with a i City Courier. We hope there are not

advance. No discount allowed on one's After all is said, it is really only a lavish hand. We believe he uses so many bad commission men as he

own subscription liberal(except cash commission in a club), but will to question of amount, as all of the disputants more potash than he will find imme- states, but his reasoning is good any
all agents a concede the
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby exception diately profitable, because there are how :

them. Write for terms. necessity for applying potash. Thisis :plenty of groves around him with as The question that is prominentlybefore

To every new subscriber we will send, a good deal gained, as it demon- I high or a higher percentage of strictly the minds of the growers and

postpaid, a copy"of Whitner's "Gardening subscribers strates that the popular belief in this "1 fancy" Jruit. But the splendid shippers of oranges is how to get a

in Florida.at $2.00 each For ,two we will new send, necessity has become so strong and so beauty and soundness of his wood and reasonable price for their fruit. It is
postpaid, a copy of :Moore's "Orange general that even the most pronouncedof foliage are something that a true horticulturist not the object of this article to outline

Culture." the protesters against an assumed might esteem as the appleof plans or new methods to be followedin

Rates of advertising on application.Remittances extortion on the part of the German his eye. And if his fruit was sold the future. That will be left for

should order be made registered by check, syndicate do not care to place them- for many seasons to some one marketof others to do; but being a Floridian, I
postal letter to note order money of selves on record against that belief, epicurean tastes, doubtless its ex- am interested in the subject that is of 1

FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER whatever their personal practice may quisite flavor and tenderness would such deep concern to the people of

Jacksonville Fla. be in regard to the use of potash. eventually create for it a price which Florida, as the manner in which their

The recollection of the flavor of would the for his
repay owner even produce, especially oranges, are sold;
NOTICE Florida oranges eighteen or twenty present heavy outlay. and wish to point out what seems to

years ago is hardly a scientific criterion --.-.-- -
me to be the reason why such small
If you receive a copy of this that would be recognized by the Flor- Wealth Statistics.The prices have been realized from the

paper which you did not order, ida State Horticultural Society with United States census shows the oranges shipped north.

consider it an invitation to sub- its scale of a hundred points. Everyone
following :. All are aware of the fact that most
scribe. If you do not want it, of us has a vivid recollection of
Total Wealth. Per Capita of the fruit shipped from Florida in the

kindly hand it to a neighbor. the savor of fruit eaten with the unquestioning 1850...................$7,135,780,228 $ 308 has been claim-
.. .. consigned to men
i860................... 16,159,616,068 514 past
appetite ot childhood; and 1870................... 30,068,518,507 780 ing to sell it for 10 per cent. commis-
CONTENTS. doubtless also most of us recall with 1880................". 43,642,000,000 870
1890.................. 65,037,091,197 1,039 sion, and it is not worth while to say

GROVE AND Fruit ORCHARD-Foot Trees; Potash ...Rot....;..Late.........Blooming ... 771- pleasure since equalled-with the uncommon which zest-never we relished This wealth is not evenly distrib- that very unsatisfactory prices have
uted. The richest division is that been received in a majority of cases,
for Borers Profit in Citron; The not
Fishing Drain of Potash ;................................ 772 the fruits of Florida in the first which has been longest settled, nor is and often nothing has been sent back.

Pear Blight; Potash for Orange Trees; Sys- year or six months of our sojourn on it the Atlantic coast but Nevada What is the reason of this? Is it be
of Culture at DeLand; The Orange on ,
tems Grower's Advisers.................. .. .... 773 her soil. which is credited with an of cause the people of this region do not
Potash is a great matter, but it is
TRUCKER-Fertilizing Straw- the choicest of the
FARMER AND head. The South appreciate product

berries Water front Effects Deep of Lime Wells.; .McNeil...... ..Peas......; 774 not everything. We have not a par- $3,941 Carolina per, with $348 per poorest head. Leav- semi-tropics ? Or is it because theyso
ticle of doubt that if never another
>>OULTRv-Sorehead Turkeys Begin Moderately often reach their destination "in
J .............;...........;........ ... .... 775 pound of potash or even of ashes was ing out the western group, which has "
condition is
bad "rotten ? It
of and
DEPARTMENT-Bulletins an average $2,250 ( poorest
applied to the of Florida, as many
Fruit Marketing Oranges Pota- rarely the case that they are even
toes Grape and Vegetables; ................ ...... 776 I. oranges would be grown as if it was State.is exceeded only by one other in when is takenin
slightly damaged care
the other the State with the
Auction Their Own Fault A Liverpool groups),
> Sales at Auction; Sale ............ ;........ 777 given in abundance-as long as the greatest wealth is one of the youngest, the packing of them. It cannot be
trees flourished. But what would
Personalities The Potash Con- because there is no here to
EDITORIAL- ; North Dakota with $1,844 head. money pay
Wealth Statistics Oranges Dirt that fruit be worth? The Per
troversy Cheap...;.. ............ ....;...............778 summing up On the Atlantic coast are similar sur- what they are worth; but it must be
of the whole matter is that it takes nitrogen -
Markets; Jacksonville Fruit Auction Co... 779 prises the District of Columbia with on acconut ef injudicious managementon
A Progressive Town; Aid Society Boys.... 780 to make fruit, but it takes
California Orange Crop.......... ........... 781 $1,491 per head, followed by Rhode the part of the shippers in consigning -
phosphoric acid and potash to make
OUR RURAL HOME-Is Marriage a Failure? Island with $1,459 Per head, and New. fruit to unknown parties who send s

High Recipes Art..in...Tea.....Drinking..........;.Floral........Quilt......;. 782 good From fruit. from York with $1,430. Illinois is credited out great numbers of quotations, and
a paragraph emanating fine letter heads in their
.-.-< with than Massachusetts use corres-
more $1,324to
Weather in Jacksonville. the German Kali Works, the impres- $1,252. The average of the, North pondence, claiming to be doing a big l
sion seems to have been created with
commission business. All of the
Atlantic Division is North large
Ii" -;;; =.. of subscribers that the editorof $1,232;
a a. bG = : some our .
1// cities have of such who
CIS ; plenty men
= Central South Central ,
DATE. as A. CIS m u haw this has received potash $1,129; $583;
DO DO :a paper. South Atlantic, $579. Every State in have received quantities of fruit that
-- - from that source and made experi-
Nov.27..51 61 73 4S 25 60 0.00 the South has increased the average they never expected to pay anything #
Nov. 28. ........53 64 76 51 25 64 0.00 ments with it. This is an error. No for but the freight, and intended to
Nov.29.........60 57 63 54 6 60 0.00 experiments have been made by us since 1880, says a writer in the Coun-
Nov.30.........54 58 62 52 10 57 0.03 Gentleman. The largest advancehas sell for just what was offered for it.
Dee. I.... .....57 63 70 56 14 63 T with potash in particular, and none The the standard size
Dee. 2 .....56 65 78 54 24 66 0.00 been in Florida, from $445 to$995,
Dec. 3...... .....58 62 77 56 21 66 0.00 has ever been applied on our grounds and the next largest is Texas, from ange boxes to points in this latitude is
- was not bought and paid for.
...... 62 and these States 78 cents. Last season they sold or-
Mean .56 61 71 53 18 0.03 $518 to $942, are the
We have given the German syndicatefull
-Total rainfall. T. Trace.E. richest in that region in proportion to anges at 25 cents per peck, and those
R. DEMAIN Observer.Personalities. liberty to advocate potash in our
Kansas childof shipped here in bulk were sold at 18
r.r columns by statements of facts because I population. ,an adopted
:Massachusetts instead of the cents per peck. Not just a few, but
we believe the use of it in judicious -:
loads of
them. When few
I car a men
Some of our correspondents feel aggrieved measure will tend to make beggar we thought, has relatively more
are selling good fruit at such figures
I wealth than her step-mother $1,261 to
because few fruit culture in Florida ,
we suppressed a more profita- .
everybody else must sell at the same,
in continuation of the $1,252.
letters sent to us
ble.The The value of farm lands and im. if they sell at all.
controversy between the east and the experiments of Messrs. Har-
Perhaps these facts will explain to
The done Adams and others in which provements is $13,279,252,649, of
west coasts. suppression was vey, pot-
why they never received returns -
many any
which twelve North Central States
with entire impartiality, because on ash was applied practically alone are
from of their shipmentslast
both sides the argument had become not conclusive one way or the other. claim more than half, $7,069,767,154. many in Florida
If the shipper
productive of personalities in which Most of the upland soils of Floridaare Nine North Atlantic States own $2- year.

the general public is not particularly destitute of nearly every element I. 539,200,537; nine South Central, $1- will scrupulously avoid shipping any
out on commission at all, or
The of the i 440,022,598; nine South Atlantic, $iiSS ,- oranges
plea complainant of fertility and they must be fed symmetrically -
ship to such commission men as are
in such cases always is that we with an all-round ration. P.60; eleven Western, $1,094- will increase
known to be upright, it greatly -
The farm valuation of Illinois
have given the other party the last Feed a man on bolted wheat bread 942,690. the
the prices for present sea-
word, thereby leaving him, the com- alone and what would he accomplish is greater than that of all the

plainant, in a false position, etc. Well, I ? In forty days, according to South Atlantic group together, and son. .-..

there must be a last word some time. Magendie: he would die. The soils Ohio has a farm valuation of $1,050- Orange box sides have a wrong anda

These controversies between localitiesare of Georgia and Kentucky and Illinois 031,828, a little greater than that of right side. Hundreds of boxes pass .

particularly unprofitable and pro- possess many of the elements of fer New York, which is $968,127,286,. through Jacksonville daily made up

vocative of bad blood. If the cham- tility-they may be lacking only in which is almost twice as much as the wrong side out. Growers and packers -

pions of the respective coasts willsendus one, and if that one is supplied there farm values of New England. should exercise more care in mak- ,

simple statements of facts-we care will be satisfactory growth and fruit- ing up their boxes. A little carelessness -

not how highly colored if the coloringis fulness. But in a soil which lacks The Sun says that buyers around of this kind gives the buyer a ...

true-each without any referenceto practically everything one must supply Gainesville have, in at least one in- cue as to probable carelessness else-

the other, we will take pleasure in everything. stance,paid up to $1.11 on the tree for where and makes such boxes less valu-

publishing them. The enormous body of fruit on oranges, able. .









i iI I -

Markets. Auction Sales. BilL

New York-Sgobel & Day report: C BIIlIETT ,
Liverpool market is still low and we

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Dec. 7. are shipping only about 1000 boxes this e S 150 South Water St., Chicago,
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. whole week. The perfectly enormous

Corrected by Marx Bros. sales of apples in Liverpool, where 70-, DEALERS IN FRUITS.We .
These are average quotations. Extra choice 000 barrels were lately sold in one week,
respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and .
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
well arrivals there of
as as larger oranges ofORANGES
lots sell lower. are now making a specialty
Oranges, fancy ........................ 1.50 from Valencia and St Michaels, all tendto
} choice....... .... .......... 1.25 keep down prices of in that
drops.......................... 1.00 oranges ,
s Grapefruit ............................2.50103.00 market and the Exchange wisely holds
Tangerines.............................. 3.00 up for a little while. JOur sales here this and invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.
Mandarins................. ......... 2.00 week reach 8000 boxes, of which we sold
Lemons: ,Fla., . .... .............. i.oo
Messina........,,.... ........... 3.00 4300 yesterday afternoon. The best fruit We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.
Pineapples, crate. ..... ..............2.00 to 2 50 going 1.50 to 2.15 according to the
Limes,3-peckcrates .. ... .......... 1.00Cocoanuts. size, but there is a good deal of fruit of References by permission-National: Shoe and Leather Bank New
.... .......... ............. 4.00 York
Peanuts best brand..... ............. .04 to.05 ordinary quality coming forward, and we the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co.
Guavas,3-peck box ................... 1.00 regret to say that some decay is visiblein
Japan Persimmons,crate............ 50 to 1.00 the fruit, possibly caused by the late

Grapes.Northern Catawba cabbage, 5,each baskets...................... .09.20 rains in :Florida. The market here is in

apples, bbl............... .. 3.00103.50 pretty good shape for good fruit, but OUR IMPROVED STEAM BOILERHas
beets, bbl.................. 2.50 buyers dislike to repack. Our sales next
Potatoes, bbl....... ................... 2.40
.. sack. ......................... 2.00 week will undoubtedly be larger, as they many good points adding greatly to convenience safety and durability.
Early ROFC, seed. ....... : 2.50 will be each succeeding week. On Mon- Designed especially for
Hebron, seed................. 2.50 day we shall have a sale on the Ocean
Onions, bbl ... ......... .. ..... ....... 2.25 wharf first of the there and also Sawmills Phosphate Work and Irrigation
... ...... season ,
Bggs......... -- ......0.. .25 .
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. one on the Clyde wharf. Tangerines are I
in good demand, if with good color, sell But superior for all purposes. Write for particulars. Address,
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.

Yellow Yams, bush. ........ ......... .50 1.60 to 2.00 per half box. Grape fruit FLORIDA IRON AND WOOD WORKS
Sweet Potatoes...... .................. .35 to .40 wanted at 2.25 to 3.25 per box, accordingto ,
Hubbard squash, bbl.... .............. 2.00 quality. The demand for grape fruit
Lettuce, doz.,... ....................... .25 to .30 will continue and the will not be APOPI A 9 P'L ORIDA.
4 Celery Kalamazoo................ .. to supply
.40 .50
Egg Plants, bbl...................... 2.00103.00 able to satisfy it for some time. Lemons Sole Manufacturers of the Hege Emerson Sawmill, Emerson's Variable Feed Works, Dowel
Tomatoes, crates ..... ................ 2.50 from Florida are nearly ended. Pin Box Head Machines, Bolters, Edgers,Slat Saw Machines, &c.
Sweet Pepper, bu ................... 2.00
Okra, bu, none.... ............. Boston H. Harris &Co. sold this weekas NOTE-We have also fitted up with special reference to handling second-hand machinery. Six
Cowpeas,shelled peck. ....:;,........ .50 follows: Nov. -27-Florida oranges, ((6)) acres yards,large warerooms, good railroad facilities, with ample private tracks, and years of
Green Beans, crate .... ..... .... 1.50102.00 experience repairing, rebuilding and reselling all kinds of second-hand machinery. In buying or
to 2.75 lemons 1.75 to
Peas, ", ............... ........1.5Ot02.oo 1.27k ; 3.12i; grape selling it is equally important that you write us. Address as above, or the manager,
Turnips, bunch.......... ........ .. .03 to .06 fruit, 1.00 to 3.25; tangerines 1.25 to 2.62 J. VV. El\cIERSON.: :
Cucumbers, crate....................1.50 to 2.00 Pittsburg.-There is firm demand for Please mention F. and F. G. *
; Pumpkins, each....................... .05 to .15 a
Kershaws, each........... ......... .10 to .15 Floridas although prices show a slight Beeline -
Parsley,per doz. bunches ............ .25 to .35 from previous report, which maybe TO GARDENERS, FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, &c.ILANT .
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ .25 to .30 attributed to the fruit lacking color and
' Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .20 to .25
Pepper,hot bushel, ..........:....... 1.00 not arriving altogether sound. Our averages :
Sage well cured Ib..................... .10 to IS are very fair ranging from 1.70 to TDVI
Lima Beans, shelled,qt, none ........ 2.10 by the car load. We sold a car to-
Hens........ ,......................... .35
Roosters............................ .25 to .30 day to average 1.70, in which over one-
Broilers............................ ..... .18 to.25 third were 126 to 96 sizes. Prices are I B I BED = CLOTHFor
Turkeys, per pound,gross... ......... .11 ranging from 1.40 to 2.25. During this
Ducks...................... ........... 30 to .35
4 Geese..,_............ ................ .40 to .50 week we have sold 1,800 boxes.St. winter use and prove that it is the cheapest and best protection from frost.
' Quail, doz..... . ................. 1.20 Used by thousands. Also
Wild ducks doz .......................... 2.00103.00
Wild turkeys each..................... 1.00 to 1.50 Louts, Dec. 3.-Oranges-In light TENTS a COVERS. -
demand. Florida, 1.50 to 2.00; Mexican, -
2.50 to 2.75 box.
Jacksonville Fruit Auction Com- Lemons Firm but quiet. Florida, 2.50 Circulars, Samples, Etc., Etc.

pany. to 3.00 per box; :Messina, 3.80 to 4.00;

Jacksonville, December 4.-At our sale Malaga\ 3.50 to 4.00. National Water-Proof Fibre Co.

yesterday we offered 2.298 boxes of or- Potatoes-Steady, with the demand

anges, grape fruit, tangerines, mandarinsand fair. Eastern Burbank quotable at 56 to
St.. TTe'w York.
; lemons. 62c; Northern stock, 40 to 45c for mixed SO south:

I Well-packed fruit sold- and inferior to 50 to 55c for choice; home-

Fancy, 1.35 to 1.50. The Old and Reliable
Good bright stock, 1.05 to 1.25.
Russets, 1.00 to 1.15. MAGNOLIA NURSERIESHave

Tangerines 1.50 to 2.75.
sOmnges for sale Fifty Varieties of Orange, Grape Fruit and Lemon Trees. Among the choicest are
Grape fruit, 1.50 to 3.00.
Maltese Straight Red Dancy Tangerine, Hart's Tardiff. Pineapple
Attendance at sale 60 actual ,
people; nuyin for self is against soiling on commission -
buyers, 26. for grower; far a buyer Las a certain Boone's Early, Jaffa, Dulcissima>aper Rind St. Michael, St. MIchael -
interest 10 get hi ft in best places,lettingshippers' Blood, King, Satsuma and Kumquat Orange, Marsh
We continue our sales Wednesday ,
; Monday, I come i ccoud.
and Friday of each week. We never l b..y. southern fruits nor vegetables Seedless, Walters, Josselyn, Aurantium and Tri-
4 ; so shippers' inter sta are first with umph Pomelo. One to three year Buds,
Cull fruit sold for
to 75c.
l U,. And "no thiiik our 40 years' experience
in produce without dcfaultirg: a dollar, is a Finest in the State.
THOS. R. TOWNS, Pres. $;owner for it. WE REFER TO ANY: BANK
Will & Jones' Report. Our little book on marketing Fruit and i

Buffalo Dec. 3.-Contrary to our ex- ,wanted.Vegetables:Stencils::free to Iree.address.Letters Shipments promptly JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
pectations Florida fruit sold as high after I answered. ,

Thanksgiving as before ; receipts being French & Co.
moderate and demand good; sustained ; Grocers and Commission Merchants

prices; present condition of the market 116 Warren St., New York.Bradley ,
+ encouraging. Fancy bright and russet '
'C ''fL'f' Yfb'wb DEALERS IN
oranges 2.55 to 2.00. Fancy grape fruit,

ripe, desirable sizes, 4.00 to 3.50; tangerine Coal Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,
Redfleld. Eugene B. Redfield.
5.00 to 4.00; mandarins 4.00 to 3.50.

Market bare of egg plant. Our last quo- ESTABLISHED 1871. Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
tation we feel can be realized on ship- .

ments of good stock. Weather moderate REDFIELD & SON, F1orida.
today with prospect! of colder weather. ,

Make all shipments direct to us at
Buffalo, having freight bill read via Commission MerchantsAND PRICE-LISTOF"VVHISKIES :

Clyde line from Jacksonville. When MANONGAHELA RYE............ ........$l 5 CABINET BOURBON.... ............. ..So oo
above instructions are complied with we PARKER..... ............ ..... ........... 175 J. MARTIN RYE.-........ 300
guarantee rate 300 box ship- ORANGE VALLEY........... ........ ..... 200 VIRGINIA GLADES.......................... 4 oo
freight on ........... ........ ....
SPRING VALLEY......... .... .............250 OI.DBOURBON. 500
ments from Jacksonville, 47c per 'box. BALTIMORE CORN ...................... 200 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH................. 500
Less than 300 box lots,57c per box. Add Fruit Auctioneers, NORTH CAROLINA CORN................ 2 50 OLD BAKER......... ...................... 500
rate from shipping point to Jacksonville, CLIFTON CLUB........ ...... .............. 3 00 MONTROSE VELVET RYE.............-... 600

which will give you through rate to Buf- 141 Dock Street,Philadelphia, Pa. JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon, 5OC; three gallon, 750. Remit by post-office
falo. Notify our Mr. N. F. Washington, money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.

Jacksonville, when shipment is made, We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables, A complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application.
either at private sale (which has heretofore been
which will
Jacksonville procure speedy transfer at our custom) or by the auction system (recently JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.
added to our business)as:you may desire.

,$ ...-_... --
.i .






,35 to 45c; :Montana,45 to 60c. On I .

orders, lOc per bushel more than foregoing I there are hundreds of brands r F C.ecILiNE
prices are charged. .

Cabbage-Steady Choice, 9.00 to 10.00 REMEMBER(so called) on the market that are not White
per ton; fancy, 11.00 to 12.00; inferior
and damaged less. On orders, choice, Lead, composed largely of Barytes and other materials-
1.50 crate.CeleryMichigan.
per \ small, 10 to 20c per But the number of brands of genuine

dozen; choice to fancy, 30 to 50c; home-
grown, 20 to 30c. Celery roots, 35 to 40c
per dozen. Strictly Pure White Leadis 'G ;
Sweet potatoes-Home-grown selling

at 35 to 50c per bushelloose. ; on orders,
Bermudas,1.50 per bbl; Nansemond,2.00.. limited. The following brands are standard "Old Dutch" process,
Consigned Cucumbers stock-New not wanted.Florida, 2.50 per and just as good as they were when you or your father were boys: Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive

crate. "ANCHOR" (Cincinnati). RED SEAL" (St. Louis).

Tomatoes,-California sold at 2.50. per ECKSTEIN (Cincinnati). KENTUCKY (Louisville). ROUTE
4-bushel basket crate. Texas at 75c to SOUTHERN" (St. Louis and Chicago). ATLANTIC (New York). BETWEEN
1.25 per peck box. "COLLIER" (St. Louis). "JEWETT" (New York).
The outlook for the Florida orange If you want colored paint,tint any of the above strictly pure leads with National Lead Co.'s
dealer is not particularly bright. To be- Pure White Lead Tinting Colors,a pound of color to 25 pounds of lead. The best merchantssell THE

gin with, the fruit can always be had them,the best painters use them. Florida Central and Peninsular
here a little cheaper than it can be pur- A good many thousand dollars have been saved property-owners by having our book on
chased and delivered at. However, the painting and color-card. Send us a postal card and get both free. NEW THROUGH ROUTES.

trophies of the dealers will be multipliedby Nashville Warehouse, NATIONAL LEAD CO. New York. New York to Jacksonville by
CO xoi & 103 Broad Street. Nashville.FIERPONT'S ,
the immense quantity of bulk New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Washington -
and Southern Railway to
promised or contracted for this market.It Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
is believed that during the next sixty Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal
days'no less than 60 to 75 cars of bulk PATENT ORANgE BOX STRAP. I J points in Florida.
oranges will be thrown on this market in I ) Cincinnati to Jacksonville by

addition to the regular boxed receipts.As Manufactured out of Florida woods. and Queen, Southern& Crescent R'y to to Chattanooga Ever--

this bulk stock can be placed here at Florida}ette,Florida Central & Penin-
$75 to $100 a car less than boxed fruit, Combining STRENGTH, NEATNESS, and ECONOMY. No soaking Limited.Kansas sular to all important Florida .
and as that large purchasing clement, the required. The most perfect Hoop on the market. Cut by the points.

peddlers, will pay as much for the bulkas most improved Veneer Machine in the State ; the angles City Memphis Kansas City R.R., to Fort Kansas Scott. &, f

the other,.it can be seen that the receivers reinforced with the strongest naval duck, andJacksonville }to Birmingham Southern R'y
to Everette, Fla. CentralPeninsular &
and dealers of boxed oranges are TI Line
Combining economy and strength,and being the most LABOR-SAVING STRAP ever offered. no to all Fla. points.
badly handicapped in the race, and it is Dimensions, X inch by%, perfectly finished and straight. Satin finished sides )l St. Louis to Jacksonville by
difficult to figure out escape from steady and all box requisites. Samples and prices on application to Cairo Short Line toDuQuoin,
losses. Holly Sp'gs Illinois Central to Holly Sp'gs,
PIERPONT MF'G COMPANY, CRESCENT CITY, FLA. lloute. Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham -
Dec. 1. choiceto J to Birmingham,Sou.
Philadelphia, -Oranges, R'y to Everette and F. C.&P.
fancy, desirable sizes, 1.75 to 2.00; TRY THE 1 Sioux City & Chicago to Jack
large sizes, 1.35 to 1.60; ordinary fruit sonville. 111. Cent. to Holly
and that out of order selling within a Holly route Sp'gs Sp'gs, K., C. M. & B. to Birmingham -
of 1.00 to 1.50 to condition. NEW SOUTH Sou. R'y to Ever-
range ,
ette and the F. C. &P. .
Lemons, choice to fancy brights, well Louis'ille & Nash'ille to River
packed, 2.50 to 3.50; russets and ordinary New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
75c to 1.50. Grape fruit, choice to To }route with through sleepersJackso'vIJIe
brights, running 44 to 62 size, 3.00 to CULTIVATOR Jacksonville.The between New. Orleans and-
'3.50 smaller sizes and russets 2.00 to ,. .
; ,
F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
2.50. Tangerines, 2.50 to 3.00; Mandarins Florida running through the
1.00 to 1.50; Satsumas, 1.50 to-2.50. Tobacco Regions,
String beans, 2.50 to 4.00. Cucumbers, It gives entire satisfaction in Stock Farming: and Dairy Section,
Peach and Straivberry Lands,
2.00 to 3.00. 'Egg plants, 3.50 to 6.00, as Orange,Banana and Pineapple Country,
to size and quality. Orange boxes, 2.00 FIELD, GARDEN Phosphate Belt.
to 3.00. Tomatoes choice Has the Silver Spring and
ripe, per car- OR GROVE. Other fine Scenery.The .
rier, 2.00 to 2.50. Lettuce, per basket, ii Great Hunting Country.
2.00 to 3.00. Cultivators and Harrows sold on 7 days trial,to m Reaches the Noted Fishing Grounds.
REDFIELD & SON.Markets be returned and money refunded if not Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
*. satisfactory. Send all orders toT ety of soils in the State,and above all
Runs over the Central RIdgeland
Better. K.
GODBEYValdo, Fla. Where It Is High and Healthy.
Since fruit has got its color the mar- Prosperous towns fill its route and It offers :
kets are reacting, showing splendid ad- the best freight facilities for any produce to
TESTIMONIALS.ORLANDO the Northern markets. Send for the popular
of from
vances twenty-five to fifty cents FLA.,June 20, 1893. T. K Godbe/? Waldo Fla.: song- ,
per box. See actual prices received in T. K. Godfrey, Esq.: DEAR SIR-I think the New South Cultivator a "MY FLORIDA HOME"
the Eastern markets also home sales. great acquisition! to the farmer. performs allBowersville
; DEAR SIR-I think the New South Cultivator .It
with its words and beautiful
spirited music
that reqUlred In the cultivatIon of f the cotton x
Jacksonville the best all-round cultivator
Fruit Auction Co., I have ever used' descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
and I have used about all of them. crop. Yours truly,
which is in
Thos. R. Towns, Pres. W. A WILLARD, gotten up elegant style-Six pages f
.. Your truly, Ga. of full sized best music containing alsoa
C. A.BOONE. picture of a home in Florida and a hunting
A Progressive Town. It is mailed of 10 cents in
Miss scene. on receipt (
"No where else but in Florida could 3Ir. T.K. \/ stamps,to pay expense of distribution)
a GLEN ST. f
MARY, FLA., Lec-II, think
93. DEAR SiR-I the New South Cultivator Send also for the best (sent
nawspaper live and thrive as does the Mr. x. K. Godbey: the best I have ever used. I am delighted with free) and note the towns on its route.'A.O.MAODONELLG.P.A.
Melbourne Times, in a town which casts DEAR SIR-I am perfectly satisfied with your it. It should be on every farm in the South. ,
only twenty-three votes. How many cultivator; it does good work.. Yours truly, Yours truly, Jacksonville, Fla.
o ples apiece do the voters subscribe for?" G. TABER. w. L. BRANNAN. -
The above is a clipping from the Jack- The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R. .

sonville Farmer and Fruit Grower, and Aid Society Boys. The imports of potatoes and cabbageinto Offers to Shippers
while it is a compliment to the Melbourne For Our Rural Home. New York for last week were 1,110
Shortest and Route
Times and its supporters, it is misleadingas A company of Children's Aid Society bags of potatoes from Great Britain and Quickest

to the real extent of our population.We boys, from New York, will arrive in 329 from the continent; 1,634 packagesof BETWEEN ..:
have, in fact, a larger registrationthan Jacksonville January 16 or 17. Of the cabbage from Denmark. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN -
23, while many of our best citizensdo exact time due notice will be given. -.. THE EAST AND WEST.
not bother with politics long enoughto This is the initial company of the ninth Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder With Improved Ventilated Cars, this company -

get registered. And we presume we year of the society's noble work in this Most Perfect Made. handle is the better Orange equipped and Vegetable than ever Crops ever, and to
have several who seriously object to State, and hundreds of good citizens insure close connections and prompt despatchto
dealing in the kind of politics with i scattered throughout Florida, who were VICK'S NEW ENTERPRISE.Seed all Eastern and Western Markets.
which the State of Florida is to-dayaf- once homeless boys, attest the success of Through, cars to destination with-
flicted. We also have many of a votingage what was at first an experiment.State House at Satsuma. out change or delay.

whohave. not been in the State and clearly the age of the boy desired James Vick's Sons of Rochester,N. Y., have shippers Perishable advised freight time followed passing various by wire and
county long enough to register. The and what you want him to do. Give opened a branch seed house at Satsuma, Put- tion points and arrival at destination. Junc- .
largest number of yearly subscribers any your word to treat him kindly, and give nam Henion county of Satsuma, Fla., and, as have general appointed agent Dr.for J.the B. All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -
one of the voters subscriber for is six, references as to your ability and fitness. South. Vick's seed house is one of the oldest justed.
though we must not fail to mention the We greatly prefer that applicants, if largest and most reliable of any in the United See that your goods are markedvia
fact that States;and the name of Vick is sufficient guarantee F. C. & P. R. R.
one good lady subscribed for possible should meet the
on ar-
for their seeds; all orders south of North For information call on or address the
fifty-<>ne two and three months sub- rival. undersigned -
Carolina should be addressed to Dr. J. B. Hen- : .
scriptions ; but they all patronize and No application received later than Jan- ion, Satsuma, Fla. Orders by mail or expressare C. E. TAYLOR, Trav.A'gt, Ocala,Fla.
appreciate the paper,which, with the aid uary 10. Address, Guide prepaid.which is Send mailed to free.Dr. Henion for Vick's W. B. TUCKER, Gen. A'g't, Orlando, Fla.
A liberal discountwill
G. M. HOLDEN, Trav. Agt,
of a good job printing patronage, enablesus HELEN HARCOURT, be made on all large orders. Evety known W. R. FULLER Trav.A Vt,Tampa via la'-
to give the people a fairly respectable Agent Children's Aid Society variety of seeds,plants, flowers, vegetables and Or N.S..PENNINGTON, Traffic Manager,
publication. Montclair Fla. nursery stock will be furnished at the lowest Jacksonville;.Fla:
rates, W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt


ii -


l -

Miscellaneous. Riverside orange growers are showing In frosty sections fruit growers Promptness. '

I more faith in the lady birds that sometimes try to delay the bloomingof We sell your fruit to-dayand mail your
"'""""'- with check to-morrow on all home sales.
give promise of getting away their orchards by heavy mulchingor
California Orange Crop> such scale pests as attack their or- other devices. Mr. J. J. Menn, of Jacksonville Fruit Auction Co.,
Thos. R. Towns Pres.
It Last week we quoted from the Riv- chards. Some of the city trustees Wisconsin, writing to the Prairie ,

erside Press, giving the estimate at lately went to Santa Barbara and arranged Farmer on this subject says:

' not above half last year's crop in that to transplant some 25,000 "I have been told time and againto SELF-POURING

one locality. The Los Angeles Express ladybirds from Mr. Cooper's orchardto keep my trees back in the spring by COTFOE POT

gives a broader view, for the entire those of Riverside.CaliforniaFruit heavy mulching to hold the frost, but Pours by pressingthe

citrus section. Grower. that is all nonsense. When bloomingtime UdSaves _

The railroad men, the fruit shippersand 4o comes they will all bloom at the

the growers' associations are be- A pineapple company of $50,000 same time, frost or no frost."-Cal.
to make estimates on the Fruit Grower. l
is established the
just being on east ,.,
amount of this season's orange crop side of Lake East Tohopekaliga, near
in Southern California, but no figures The I
Runnymede, and not far from the sugar -
generally admitted to be accurate have plantation at St. Cloud, upon the Typical T

yet been obtained. The growers' as- land of the Disston Land Co. The Tropical _
sociations are making investigations in
company will be incorporated under
will have Topic. ct.of tea makes the liquor -
various localities and soon 25 per proportionately
the lawas of the State of Florida and better. Send for styles and prices.
'z the reports in. The crop has been begin operations at once. The incor- Traveling THE ASBURY-PAINE MFG.CO.Trenton,N.J.
roughly estimated as high as 7,000 Take This is a good thing i./
porators of the new company are Mr.
carloads, provided there is no killing H. H. Cook of New York; Mr. J. I The

frost, but the more conservative think Lewis of Maryland; Mr. J. S. Charleson Tropical I "THE MARKET GARDEN"A

that 6,000 carloads is an outside esti-- Philadelphia, and Mr. C. S. Van Trunk MONTHLY JOURNAL FOR
mate under the most favorable con- Houten of Florida. Kissimmee Market Gardeners and Truckers.
50c. a year in advance. Sample copy mailed
ditions. Leader. Traffic Free on application. Address
There is a shrinkage of 40 per cent. THE MARKET GARDEN COMPANY,
4 Trends P. O. Box 524. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.
in the seedlings, but an increase of
Both the Tampa the daily _
papers, _
The latter and the in- Tideward y 0 0
budded fruit.
Times and the weekly Tribune, en-
! creased acreage coming into bearingare dorse the views of Messrs E. H. Mote Toward : : 2 f: : t1
make the loss on FE
expected to up The
and R. P. Burton of Leesburg, who
seedlings, if not more. The crop is advocate home sales of oranges as Turbid ; E ;j ;
i hardly expected to reach the big yield .
against the system of consigning. The Twisting ". ...
+i of two years ago, but will probably articles of these gentlemen publishedin Tack .
greatly excel that of last year. It is Fencing Railroads.
The Commercial, are reproducedin The .
a little early yet to make the best esti full in the Tampa papers. The The secret of our groat success In this lino
mates, as the colori g has but just begun Trackless is Just here. Their civil engineers pronounceIt
Florida Fruit Exchange theory of all right scientifically,but they want evi-
1 and it should be well under way selling at home.or shipping to the Exchange Tarpon Time dence as to its durability. The canvasser's
full word for It don't go. They find where it has
to best get at the yield. after all is said and done, is Takes. TemptsTest been used for many years then go and see for
s4 The themselves. After becoming satisfied on all
r the plan that will eventually result in points,they take hold in earnest and pay no
For Thanksgiving pumpkin pies we the greatest good to the greatest num- The Tardy attention to the fellows who" have something
"just as good as the Page. Farmers would.
cannot improve on Mat. Day's recipe, ber if the growers will only do their Tale To do well to take this course.

"Make the filling thick enough so part.-Leesburg Commercial. The Tarry. PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian Mich.DOUCLAS .

that when you bite you will leave the

print of your nose."Halifax Journal. Types Tax W. L.
Tell Thou
.. :;

h The stockmen of Clay county met Travel Thy e3" SHOE 1 3 THE BEST.NOSQUEAMNG.. .

I at Green Cove Springs, November: 24, This Talent $5. CORDOVAN,
3 and organized a permanent associa- Typical To-day _= '" fRENCH&ENAMEU.EDCALF:"

tion, with constitution and by-laws, Thoroughfare That t&;: $./1.,-.$.5 NECALF&KAN6fiJ! a$3.bopOLICEaSois. !

for their united benefit and protec- Through Thrift ; .
tion." The ) ;$2.WORKINGMtl'
a r Spring. 7) The Tend'To -; $Zs EXTRA.FINE.

An item in a State exchange says : Tropical Thee M,; -

The stealing of grape fruit has become $ .$ !
Territory. Tomorrow.The () gEi1pONGOLASEND
c an organized business near Dade City, FOR CATALOGUE .

between 400-and boxes having "WL.,*DOUG6AS,
500 TOTEAMSTERS .... ......
been stolen. Two respectable persons Thoughtful A. '."',.... BROCKTON, MASS.
You can by rearing the
gave money
have been arrested. Tourist
W. L. Douglas 83.OO Shoe.
af- Thanks Because we are the largest manufacturers of
FARMERS this grade shoes In the world,and guarantee their
o The heavy show wagons of Main'scircus The value by stamping the name and price on the
at Leesburg Tuesday, cut up bottom,which protect you against high prices and
the middleman's profits. Our shoes equal custom
the clayed streets of that city in a fear- Tutor work In style, easy fitting and wearing qualities.
We have them sold everywhere at lower prices for
ful manner. It is estimated it will AND That the value given than any other make. Take no sub
take several hundred dollars to make stitute. If your dealer cannot supply you,we can.

good the damage done.-Eustis Lake Tells CHOICE
Region. The

As I passed a grove in town I surprised The

S a family party just coming out. FORSOUTHERN
The above device, attached to traces,will Typical
: They did not own the grove, neither prevent PLANTING.
did they have charge of it. But they Trip
had loaded themselves down with Shoulder Sores and Thine Satsuma Orange, Hardy and Early. New
Japanese Plums, Peaches, Pears, Roses, Camel
oranges and were carrying away a box Via has,&c.,at very low prices. Catalogue for the
Sweeney on .
asking. D. I PIERSON Prop.Monticello
full among them.-Orange City Times. The ,Fla
by Roughand
*-+-* Tropical

Mrs. Tuttle, with her accustomed Rooty Roads. Trunk FRUIT '] 112J c3.

enterprise, has closed up and plantedout Line.For FOR.
It will prevent horses baulking on starting
forty acres in lemons and oranges loads; will save breakage of whiffletrees, har- and particulars address,
back of Lemon City. Mrs. Tuttle ness and plows in new,rooty and stumpy land, maps SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .
besides being merciful to faithful beasts. Prices,
knows what she is doing, and it is re- One-horse set, Si.oo; Two-horse set, $2.00. ,
for Catalogue and price list.
freshing to have one with such energy, Agentswanted.CASH Refer WITH to ORDER.editor of this paper. GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT,

enterprise and business ability amongus. Address, THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, JENNINGS' NURSERY CO.,
W. C.
.Juno Sun. Starke, Fla. Jacksonville, Fla Thomasrllle, Ga.





-= -



from the bottom of the pot, thereby j milk; about 3 large tart apples, pare and

Our Rural Home. giving every person the best. ;' slice; 2 eggs, J cup of sugar, cup butteror

less, and grated nutmeg to taste. Mix 4 t
'% N Vrf" %iX V i/% V/\ %y ** *' *'
well and bake in slow for
i together a oven
A Floral
Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, 2;} or o hours.

St. Thomas. Fla. I cut blue linen into forty-two hexa- (The quantity of milk is not here given,
Jfc Jfc Jfc JJfc- J fc >"* %*' '*|l'-l||-l -f**>V
%1 gon pieces five inches long on each does it depend on the scrub cow ? "Lula"forgets

Is Marriage a Failure ? side. These were all hemmed neatlyat perhaps, that we do not get a tub

For Our Rural Home. one time, and put in a drawer. Afterwards full of milk night and morning, on our
little Florida ranches.-ED. O. R. H .
often asked and
This is a question each one was worked and laid CREAMED POTATOES.-Boil and mash

if we judge by the number of divorce until all for
away were ready sewing potatoes to the amount of one quart; prices reduced on the Shireman Chain Fruit

cases in the courts, we could answerit together. Ironing patterns were work- season with salt and pepper, add a pieceof and Vegetable Sizer. The most accurate sim-
But if judge by our friends butter size of Separate the ple and durable sizer made. C. A. Boone, gen'l
was. we ed on each patch with linen thread. As an egg. agent, Orlando, Fla.

we can say it is not.Ve often hear taste or time permitted I carried out whites and yolks of 2 eggs, stir in the
yolks, beat the whites to a stiff froth WANTED-A medium sized orange orchard
of discussed
the question marriage the in its delicate and plantation.
pattern tracery and stir in the beating well to- Statepnce.number
reference to certain individuals, some of acres, years of cultivation,and all particulars.E. .
shading. gether. Have deep dish nicely butteredfill W. Light, Bay City, Mich. 12-1-2
affirming that a girl has no busines to When all was done there were no with this and place in the oven till

married until she reaches the the is browned LULA. FOWLS FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys, black
get age two patches alike. There were pan- top nicely : Indian games, Pekin ducks and

of twenty-five, while others still clingto sies, sweet peas, geraniums, roses, daffodils Denver, Col."CENTdWORD. "Langshan eggs for hatching." Mrs. W. H.
Mann, Mannville, Fla. 12-1-2
the old German proverb "Early
tulips, coreopsis, chrysanthemums -

wed and early won, was never repented a large bunch of clover and COL UMN. TWO money OR wanted THREE to YOUNG garden on MEN shares.-Choice with a little
of under the sun. I think, as holly leaves and berries. As fortytwois hammock landteam and tools furnished. Ship-
To insure insertion in this column, advertise- ping facilities the best. Isaiah DePew,
it holds for very
a general thing, good ; a goodly number, many designs were ments must be accompanied by the money. Manatee, Fla. 12-11-2

when both parties are neither Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
young needed. Each design with leaves, SALE-Steamer "Nettie," length thirty
received in FOR
have their habits very firmly fixed ; stems and tendrils extended to the Postage Stamps payment. beam seven feet. "Murry and Tregurtha
Count word.including and address. "
they can easily conform to each oth-- patch. ._ every,__ v ,_______, -,. name_-__ ___ inch pipe propeller.boiler. Five-horse J. B. Wardwell engine., agent Twenty-two, OrmondFla ,

er's wishes, and so avoid the little jars I sewed the hemmed edges togetherin FOR SALE-Bronze Game fowl.turkeys Langshan, Black,Langshans Game and, I 11-28-3

that come to every life. But let peo- an over stitch on the right side andat Pekin duck eggs for hatching. Mrs. W. H. OUR RODS-Spanish Needles and Dip Needles
Mann, Mannville, Fla. 12-1-12 the best instruments for hunting miner-
ple who have arrived at a more ma- each corner where they connected als. Ben. G Stauffer, Harrisburg, Pa. II-24-26

ture age become united, their habitsare worked The effect IMPROVE YOUR LANDS.-Better than guano, the Duke
a large daisy. was in "Giant Beg arweed." Write for FOR SALE-On tree, at St. Johns

already formed, and it is hard to very pretty, and one lady said it reminded prices. W. M. Girardeau, :Monticello, Fla. 12-8-2 from, Fla.the, Dr.about Greeley 1,500 boxes grove.A i Address bright oranges E. 1

conform to the wishes of each other. her of snowflakes magnified.I LEGHORNS! LANGSHANS! MINORCAS! D. Woodbury, Cheshire, Conn. 11-3-6

Another thing, there are very few crocheted a fringe of white and blue stock for sale cheap. Agent for WANTED-Consignments of well packed se-
Smith & Romaine's boiled beef and bone
first-class trade.
who reach that before
marrying oranges
age cotton, mixed, in a pretty design. For per 100 Ibs. Island Poultry Yard, C. H. Jacques, Address, Older 20 Kilby street, Boston,
who have not some regrets for the the fringe, put in each stitch a chain of Prop. Fernaudina, Fla. 12-1-2 Mass.74

"might have beens." It is not all in thirty stitches of double cotton. It was WELL SEASONED CYPRESS LADDERS SAIL BOATS.-St. Lawrence Skiffs, Dories,
but in the congeniality of the feet long, at lowest prices. Send for Boats, Sneak Boxes. State what you
age, per-
lined with unbleached muslin. As the prices to T. S. Gregg, Citra, Fla. 12-1-4 want and write for prices. E. D. Putney Mt.
sons. People have been very happy designs were of different colors, I think Dora, Fla. n-17-tf

where the man was many years the the floral quilt a good name for it.- EGYPTIAN LOTUS-And bulbs. "CrinumJ Other plants;Amabile and," FOR SALE.-Satsuma orange trees, on sweet
woman's senior when the heart had shrubs for Buds three to six feet high trained on
ale. Aikiu
> M. E. St. Augustine,
From Home Notes London
Eng. Fla. 12-1-2 stocks. Now is the time to plant. Address, H. ,
not kept pace with the years, only !. -. Friedlander, Interlachen, Fla. 11-17-4 -S

waiting for the right one to come. Chicken Gombo. WANTED-5000 and lowest one-year price.Citrus Arcadia Trifoliata.Nurse- THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale

Very rew reach middle withouta ries, Monticello, Fla. 12-I-tf 127,000 citrus trees on sour orange,grape-fruit
age Select a tender, fleshy and not too and rough lemon roots,of the following varieties:
cause for not entering the marriagestate fat chicken singe draw and cut in FOR 90 DAYS-I will sell first-class budded or- Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo,Au-
; rantium Pomelo, Boone's Parson Brown
Early ,
with it have been ange trees and grape fruit trees, one and two
; some may small pieces; put in a stew pan three years old, cheaper than any firm in the State. Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma,Kum-
duty, with others, business. But very 15 varieties. Call on or address, G. L. Michael, quat, King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa
ounces of butter, with a chopped onion Star Hill Nursery, Glen Ethel, Fla. 10-17-8 Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. Tahiti Seed-
few men reach forty years single with- and two ounces of ham cut in less Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless

out a cause. Some believe in a long PARTIES wishing to grow melons for market Grape-fruit. C M. Marsh, Lakeland; Polk Co.,
small squares; fry a little, add the or home use, should write to me for valuable Fla. 11-17-20

acquaintance before marriage, others chicken, stir and fry the whole slightly information as to seed, fertilizer, cultivation, MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
favor short courtships; while I holdit brown etc., etc.,. W. M. Girardeau, Monticello, Fla, TU Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
sprinkle two flour
ounces it
ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
is best for the know
always parties to
over well, mingle well, dilute with ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
each other well, whether they are con- three quarts of broth add white and We pay freight. Write for our latest io-i3-tf
in their It is the price-list. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf
genial tastes. every- BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.
and bunch
sweet of
peper a pars- of the best. for R.
$i Puddy
living that tells. REDUCE stock for 60 I will sell 13. ,
day together TO days
ley; stir, boil, cover and cook slowly 2-year budded orange trees $18 per hundred; Lawtey, Fta. 10-6-13
Some let friends
parents or spoil for forty minutes, skim off the fat, i-year buds, $14. G. L. Michael, Glen Ethel, HANDBILLS for the sale of Grape Fruit Copy-
their lives. I hold that a parent has Fla. 12-1-2 25 ,cents; 500, 90 cents; 1,000,
remove the parsley, let drop in the $1.60, post included. Can be ordered from
no right to dictate after children get soup four tablespoonfuls of gombo FOR SALE.-On Fruit.rough lemon, Tardiff buds.Blood Adolph Riedel, 1818 Collington AV., Baltimore,
Grape strong well-grown
Md Better returns it. 10-6 8
of discretion your ; try -
to years ; they powder, stirring all the while; seasonto Address, Richard Klemm, Winter Haven, Flor-
the ones to know whether they ida. "-3-5 RESPONSIBLE, Reliable Commission Merchants -
taste and serve. ,Buffalo N. Y.-Batterson & Co.
care enough for each other to want to FRESH YEAST CAKES-Made daily, 25 cents 1-2<)-tfFOR
spend a lifetime together. Nor have by mail, warranted ;jas:good as the
best. One cake to four loaves. T. Pine, Sylvan EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
they a right to say at what age a per- Recipes. Lake, Fla. 11-3-3 North Carolina mountains. Owner must
live in Florida. Wants
good W.
For Our Rural Home: orange grove.
son should marry; when the right one NURSERIES-Send at once for B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-i5-ti

comes along then is the time, holdingthe TAPIOCA JELLy.-Soak a cup of tapi- ARLINGTON of everything adapted to FINE' Smooth Cayenne: and Abbaka Pineapple

same code of morals for one as for oca in a pint of warm water several hours Florida. Elegant and costly prizes never before and Slips. Orlando Grape 5l Fruit
and when put on to cook add 1 tea offered by any nursery company. Established Co., Orlando, Fla. 10-27-8
the other. S. M. A. cup over twenty years. Address Robert G. Bidwell,
of hot water, pinch of salt, and a small Arlington Nurseries, Orlando, Fla., Box
147. 8 fl fl fi fl FINE healthy pear trees. LeConte,
piece of butter. Then mix in a little 10204GRAPES.One Kieffer, Garber and others. Sat-

High Art in TeaDrinking.The cold water, 5 tablespoonfuls of sugar, 1 thousand White Niagara suma Oranges Figs Peaches, Plums and Pecansat
self-pouring pot, for coffee or large tablespoonful of corn starch and a $4 a hundred. F. Lloyd. Florida.bottom prices. J. H. Girardeau, Monticello 9-B tf '.t-
little nutmeg. When this is added it Fruitland Park, Lake county, Fla. 11-3-6 .
tea, sold by the Asbury-Paine Manufacturing must be stirred constantly until it is FOR CUTAWAY HARROW prices, address E.
"PARSON BROWN ORANGE" and "Carney Hubbard. Federal Point,Fla.,State Agent.
Company, Trenton, N. J., done. Remove it from the fire and stir A Sicily Lemon.-Best orange and lemon IO-2I-tf

as we can personally testify, is a long in the juice and grated rind of one large grown. Write for catalogue J. H. Turnley,
Nurseries Lake Weir Fla.
step in the direction of artistic dining.It lemon. Put in molds to cool. Now takea "Excelsior 8-11-13 Notice of IncorporationNotice r

is an elegant silver vessel minister tea cup of thick sweet cream, two tablespoons FOR SALE.-16,000 orange, lemon and grape is hereby: given that the undersignedwill
of sugar, one teaspoon of vanilla uit trees. Write for catalogue and prices.All present the proposed charter for the incor-
ing to the esthetic sense, while the and whip until it becomes a stiff budded on sour stock. J. H. Turnley, "Ex- poration of the "Florida Mutual Benefit Associa-
utilitarian demand is the celsior Nurseries\Lake Weir, Fla. 7-7-20 tion," now on file in the office of the Clerk of
met by con froth. Serve with the jelly when per- the Circuit Court for Duval county, Florida, to
trivance for pouring. A cylinder pro- fectly cold. If you like tapioca you will FOR SALE forcash,time or trade,orange groves, the Hon R. M. Call, Judge of the Circuit Court '..
and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka, in said and State for .
this is delicious. county approval on the 1st
from the lid down into
jects pot, say Fla. 3-t r-I6t day of January 1895. -
and by pressing this cylinder down TAPIOCA AND RICE PUDDING.I a cup The character and object of the corporation to
tapioca and $ cup rice soaked 2 hours in CITRUS TREES.-Fine stock; none better; low be formed, is a benevolent association to provideaid
into the liquid it is forced out throughthe 1 pint of milk. Add six tablespoons of and square treatment No "back and assistance and care for the sick,needy
and falls numbers" offered. Write for prices. Thirteen and disabled of its men bers; to buy and sell real
down into
spout straight sugar, 1 large cup of milk, 1 egg beaten, years experience. Phoenix Nurseries, Braiden- and personal property for the benefit of its mem-
the cup. There is no slopping or grated nutmeg to taste, and a pinch of town, Fla. II 3-ib bers, and transact such other business as is usu-

spilling everything is in keeping with salt. Put all together and bake in a slow ally necessary for such corporations. ..
the highest refinement of table man- oven 2i hours. Stirring often during the Florida Favonte, Semmole, H. S. WALKER,
first hour. Dixie, Ga. Rattlesnake, Pride of Ga., Jumbo, MATT. JOHNSON, ;
ners. Another admirable point is i i. APPLE PUDDINGS Take about a pint Jones and Southern Beauty Muskmelon or Canta- CROMWELL GIBBONS, .

that the liquid is constantly drawn of hard broken pieces of bread, soak in

r -. 0" .. ..i.


( .

.-. ...-,

I .



y. SAVANNAH LINE. The Clyde Steamship Co.

Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and NEW YORK, CHARLESTON: INN FLORIDA LINES.

between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours.

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.Between Both ways to sail: as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

Ratas From New York. From Jacksonville
r (Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, &43.50; Monday, Nov. 26th, atapm."*SEMINOLE". ........Sunday, Dec. 2d, at 7:00am
Steerage, $12.50. Wednesday, 28th,at 3 p ."IROQUOIS". ........Tuesday, 4th, at 9:00: a m
1' at ..... .."CHEROKEE". Thursday 6th at
Friday, 30th, 3 pm. 10:00 a m
Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00: Excursion, $47.301!; Steerage, $14.25 Monday, Dec. 3rd,at 3 p .YAMASSEE".........Sunday, 14 9th at 1:30 p m
to sail follows
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed as : Wednesday, 5th. at 3 p ."ALGONQUIN".Tuesday, 1lth, at lJopmFriday :
7th, at 3 pm........."SEMINOLE" ........Thursday, 13th, at 4:30: a m
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Mondav.U loth, at 3 pm........."IROQUOIS".. .......Sunday, 44 i6th,at 7:00 a m
S (Central or 900 Meridian Time.) Wednesday, 12th, at 3 p ."CHEROKEE" ......Tuesday, 18th, at 8:30 a.m

Chattahoochee .......... .. .........................................Saturday, Dec. i, 7.00 p.m. Friday, I' 14th, at 3 p ........ "YMASSEE".Thursday; 14" 20th,at at 10:00: a m
..._................... ... ...... .... Dec. Monday.I' 17th.at3pm. ALGONQUIN".Sunday 23rd, 1.30pm
Nacoochee ...................... Monday 3, S.oop.m. at ........"SEMINOLE".Tuesday at
Wednesday, 19th, 25th,
a m
.... .. .............. ...... ....... 3 pm 4:00:
Tallahassee.... ......... .... .Wedn'sdayDec. 5, n.ooa.m. ..,....... ....... 44
21st at at
"IROQUOIS; Thursday
City of Augusta .. ................................................Friday, Dec. 7i2.sop.m.City Friday, 3 pm. ...... 27th 5:00: am
:+ of Birmingham................................................Saturday, Dec. 8, i.sop.m.Kansas Monday, 24th, at 3 p -.CHEROKEE"..Sunday, 30th,at 6-30 a m
City...... ...................................................Monday, Dec. 10, s.oop. m. 'Vednesday.u" 28th, at 3 p in. Tuesday! Jan.41 1st,at 8:00: a m
Chattahoochee.......................................... ...... ....Wedn'sdayDec. 12, s.oop.m. Friday, at atspm. "ALGONQUIN""SEMINOLE" ....... Thursday, 3rd 6th,at at 8:30am
Nacoochee ..... ........... ................... ..... .................Friday, Dec. 14, 6.00a.m. Monday, 31st, 3 p .Sunday, 12.00 n'n
i Tallahassee .................. ....... ........ ............ .............Saturday, Dec. 15, 700 p. m. For New York direct.
City of Augusta..Monday, Dec. 17, S.oop.m. -
City of Birmingham).............................-. .................W n'Sday Dec. 19 n.ooa.m.
Kansas City...................... .... ......... ...................Friday, Dec. 21, i.oop.m. Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.
Chattahoochee .......................................................Saturday, Dec. 22, 2.oop.m.
Nacoochee....... ...................................................Monday. Dec. 4.00 p. m. Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south
Tallahassee... ...... ...........................................Wedn'sdayDec.26, 5 oop. m. bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and"Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
City of Augusta..Friday, Dec. 28, 6.303. m. : .
City of Birmingham..... ... ......................................Saturday, Dec. 29, 7.oop.m. From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct:
Kansas City..................................,..... .................Monday, Dec.31, Soop.m. Wednesday, November28th.............. ...WINYAH............ ......Monday: December 3d
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.City Tuesday, December 4th.. .............DELAWARE......... ......Sunday, December 9th

of1\lacon....................................................... Thursday, Dec. 6, ii.soa.rn.Gate Saturday, .December .WINYAH..................Thursday.December: 13th
City........................ ...................................... Thursday, Dec. 13, 5.30p.m. '
City ofMacon......................................... ... .......... Thursday, Dec. 20, ii.3oa.m. QUICK DISPATCH AND PERFECT VENTILATION FOR
Gate City........................... ...............................Thursday, Dec. 27 s.sop.m.

(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Dessoug.................. .................. ................... ........................Dec. 8, I.30P.m.
DessougDessoug.... ....................................................... ................Dec. 18, 9.30 a. m. SOD. SOHNS RIVER X ENjE: >.
....... ........................................ ...-.................... .Dec. 28, 6.30 a. m.
For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on


Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah, Florida & Western Railway, The elegant iron side-wheel steamers
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. "
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets, and Baggage Checks to and from all Eastern Points in the South. City of J'a.ckson.V"ille: ,
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to Capt. W. A. SHAW,
New Pier No.35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. "FRED':K: DeBARY," .
RICHARDSON lit BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
L JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.W. Capt. T. W. LUND,Jr.
H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R.,317 Broadway,New York. Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville,daily except Saturday, at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford,
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y. daily except Sunday, at 9.00 a. m.
J.L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A.DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
353 Broadway New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.J. i SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE.NORTHBOUND..
P. BECKWITH, General Agent, 121 West Bay Street. Jacksonville.W. Read down. Read up.
FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen.Trav. Pass. Agt.,
J. WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, Leave 3.30 p. m. ...................... Jacksonville ...................... Arrive 3.30 a. m.
121 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 8.45 p. m. ..........................Palatka. ........................ Leave .9.00 p. m.
.. 3.()() a. m. ...................... ..Astor................... ..... 3.00 p. m.
., 4.30 a. m. .......................St. Francis....................... 1.30 p. m.
u 5.30 a. m.. ...... ..... ............ Beresford........................ 12.00 noon
JOHN L. MARVIN, 6.00 a. m. ......................Blue Springs.... .................. 11.30 a. m.
President.H. Arrive 8.30a. m. ...... .......... ........Sanford................... ...... 9.ooa. m.
T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, 9.25 a. m......................"..... Enterprise................ .... Ie 9-30 a. m.

Cashier. *"> Assistant Cashier. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., JacksonvilleA.

CRPlTflli $100,000. J. COLE, Passenger Bowling Green, New York.M. .
H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.D. .
D. C. MINK, General Freight Agent. 12 So. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. '
THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager Bowling Green,New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florha Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville PI*.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla. '
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville, Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
N j espeetfally solicits your Deposits, Collections and General Agents,
Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 6 Bowling Green, New York.W. .



DIRI CS 1 OR9 t ,

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers ,

Judge E. M. Randall. C. >5. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, ,

Dr" H. Robln on. John E. Hartrldgre 22 W1If5'1: BAY ST., J'ACKSONVJ: .. E, P'x. A.

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

? SAVINGS AND TRUST BANKOF Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

FLORIDA, Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.



BfTllOUINSON- ;PresIclent.- W. J. HAKKISHEIMER, Vice-Pres. Insert-alien Fertilizer Bo. j NITRATE SODA
\VM: KATVUNSON: Cashier, ,

DIRECTORS : Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH,


Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay- .

ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.
x Savings. Send for Catalogue,free. ..

} ., Y r...
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. i





our Company could prepare HIGHER'GRADES of fertilizers and sell them at LOWER PRICES than other manufacturers. The reason is obvious. We are home manufacturers,saving all ex
tra costs transportation additional handling,drayage, etc., extra storage and the Jacksonville agents' commissions. In purchasing from us, you secure your fertilizers from first hands-the
manufacturers-as all our shipments are direct from our factory, accordingly we can make you a lower list price on our Special Crop Mixtures. But in addition to this,we propose, during the present
season of'94-95,to give every purchaser of our brands the benefit of all the profits of the middle-men and agents;,therefore we will allow,with ALL CASH ORDERS,


The usual commission paid to agents. We propose to give the growers of Florida and other States their fertilizers on closer margins of profit than ever before..

Are Our Fertilizers Large Producers ? How Can You Obtain Good Prices for Your

No company watches their Special Brands as we do,a letter of inquiry going to each purchaser Crops ? I
after the gathering of his crop;this,combined with our numerous and exhaustive tests; have enabled -
us to gradually improve our Special Crop Mixtures so as to meet the crop and soil requirements -
,'thus greatly increasing the yield. It is decidedly to our interest to have those who use or expect to purchase our brands of fertil-
izers secure the very highest prices for their fruit and vegetables,and see that they get full NET
RETURNS. We have accordingly arranged to sell at New York, the best market in the country, -,
.Can We Actually Increase Your Profits .5 0 if properly worked,the crops ofpur customers and their friends. We have employed men,thor-
oughly acquainted with this business, in New York State,and you can rest assured that none of
your consignments will be sacrificed on glutted markets,as in such instance we have arranged to a
reforward,at a nominal expense to interior markets.
_. to 500 per cent ? During June and July, '94 we handled+and sold the entire watermelon crop of G. W. Bigelow,
of Bushnell, Fla. The NET RETURNS we sent him were 86,134.15 for 28 carloads-or an average of
$219.07 net-fully 25 to 50 per cent higher than any other melon growers in Florida or Georgia have
Those following our advice have done more than that-they have, by increasing the yield and ever received for their shipments during the entire season.
improving the quality,made groves and truck farms that were not paying expenses, by a liberal (For an itemized list of these sales see F. F.&F. Grower for Nov. 3rd, '94.)
dressing of our Special Fertilizers,yield them handsome incomes each year over all expenses. Mr. Bigelow raised these magnificent melons,the finest ever seen in N. Y.,with our celebrated
Wnte for our new pamphlet for season'94-95,and read it carefully. brand of TRUCK FARMERS' SPECIAL.

:Ship your orange and vegetable crops to us via Clyde Line to New York, and secure highest market prices,

prompt and full returns.Write .

for our new fertilizer.pamphlet for'95 and all agricultural information, samples, analyses,prices, stencils, etc.,etc. .


FACTORY, EAST JACKSONVILLE. New Offices, 658, 660 and 662 East Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. $o. 1 Broadway, NEW YORK.

A complete treatise on the most successful fertilization for young and bearing orange trees on pine and Hammock -

lands in Florida for increased profits, sent on application.

Es1a.btlshed. iii 1"7 6.



a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus
Sold for the low price of Kamiiy, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and tested by us
in our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one of
The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States.
is strong and well-made, and easy to operate. lias
automatic feed. Send Ifor circulars. Address o. Jnl. P I E R C e. ..
Sunset Bm,Lake Co..Fla,
J. ALDRICH, Agent for Florida,
Box 493, Orlando, Florida.
Orange Trees ;

TILE ]3E ST F L iRT! I Y iFiRS r

WITH A Lemon Trees

Manufactured by the

L B. Darling Fertilizer Co., The Old Reliable_Buckeye Nurseries.

OF PAWTUCKET R. I. I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va-
rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from fire

We also carry in stock Potash. Nitrate Soda,Kainit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for Poul- to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at
try,Sulphur,Cottonseed Meal,Tobacco Stems,Land Plaster and Ashes. : hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.


Rear of 26 West Bay St.,on river front,midway between Main and Laura Sts. M. E. GILLETT, Prop., .

Send for Pocket Memoranda Book. Weirsdale, Fla. '.

.. F


- On Blackwater Bay,opposite Bagdad,Santa Rosa County, Florida.

An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
. BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
order. Write for price list and terms. ..
GBO. R.FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.. Seed nuts at one cent per nut. Table nuts at fifteen cents per pound. One year old trees,aver. I' :,,',
ALBERT M.IVES,Gen'l Mgr.and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary. age 6 to 12 inches high,at 5 cents per tree;$40 per thousand. Terms,cash with order, in money "
DIBECTOBS-Geo.B.Fairbanks,Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill,Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt order on Bagdad post-office,or registered letter. Postage must orders by mail,
accompany or same
Hillsboro Co.: John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.; will be deducted from the order. Orders carefully packed and shipped as directed. Transit
J.D.Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. G.Sampson, Marion Co.; C.V.Hlllyer, to be paid by purchaser on receipt of order. No responsibility after shipment. Absence charges of-
Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osccola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S.Moreman St.-; shipping direction will ship by express. Instructions for planting, cultivating, ete., checrfu11y'given"purchasers
C. F. A. Volusia Keck Polk Co. J
Johns Co.; Bielby, Co.;Irving if requested. Planting season from December to March. Earlier the better.
AddressZall correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville,Fla Stencils
with full packing. and shipping instructions furnished on application. P. O. Box No. 4, Bagdad, Florida. '

A Sr
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