Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
September 15, 1894
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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'" NEW 8J<:JU":S.
B* Powers, Publisher ,Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE( FLA.. SEPTEMBER '15.; 1894.. Whole NO..J33G yo :I. No. 37.
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Geo. S. Hacker & Spn, w.'c. WIL ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F. JONES. W.e L. DOUCLAS


w OJ WILL & JONES $3. SHOE"_ .

.c \ = .Y"::! $5. CORT iF

COCO \ aa :53 fc 60 WEST MARKET*ST. 119 A 123 MICHIGAN ST., ..; ":: ='_ $4.$350FlIECALF&KAN Aga


o y { Y J.$2.
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Q. Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application. Reliable agents wanted at .4$2 J'2.$ !
09O 09o all principal shipping points, #\). a .
+auwwsav. First National Bank of Jacksonville,.Fla. Bank Commerce Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's 'WL*DOUGLAS,
V Agencies. tQueetl .. '

And Building Material. Ton" 'W.can,L.gave Douglas money S3.OO by wearing Shoe.: the

City Fruit Auction Co. -.:Because, we are the largest manufacturers of
CHARLESTON, s. C.. this grade of shoes In the world and guarantee their
by stamping the name and price on the
bottom,which protect you against high prices and
BUFFALO, NEW YORK. the middleman's profits. Our shoes equal custom
REFERENCES>-Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's{ Agencies.HASTINGS' work In style, easy fitting and wearing qualities.
: .- ,. ... We hare them sold everywhere at lower prices for
FraudBURsFruitWrappers.NO !; the value given than any other make. Take no substitute.
If your dealer cannot supply yon,we can.
I. ..
.. ...

Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may Is now ready for distribution and will be sent free to all applicants. .-

now know that they get an honest ream H. G. ASTINGS too o'o.
of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto -..... '.-- -, ,
ream as some unscrupulous dealers SEED lUEN.: I Interletohen, Florida.I'Busy '

w : Bee" Washer "A Florida "long horn. was disporting
OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed r herself in an orange grove when she rail
plumb into a Page Fence. Her tall madea
and does work. No rubbing Warrantedfor
Funs easy perfect necessary.
Wrappers are put up in packages: five years and money refunded! if not entirely. satisfactory Fits., : whisk at the clouds and for ono second she
'each } any tub. Just the machine tor ladies who are not.-.'r7 strong. Thousands was as completely wrong end' up as if hung
of 1000 and each Wrapper is a of ladies who used! to hire their washing! done now save that on the windlass in a butcher shop then
numbered, in printing, consecutively =1 expense by using the"BUSY BEE:'AGENTS WANTED. measured her length on the ground. she was
from 1,to 1000. No \ -" ?._. Exclusive territory. Agents make$100 to$200 a month. LadyJMMFagents unhurt.and gave her usual mess of milk right/;
one can successful.Farmers and their wives make$200 to
very along.;, I saw thfs-"mYGelt.: Thus writes
$400()( during the winter. One farmer Missouri sold COO. 'PrIce$5. Sample '-"tephen: Powers Editor.of Farmer
I! (full size)where we have no agent,only f z. We refer to our P.M.' For and Fruit
HONESTLY BEAT -.... IlllIlIIf1l term* a. ,addre LAKE ERIE MfG. C0care Florida Farmer rower Jacksonville, Fla. '.
and Fruit-Grower, Jacksonville, Fla, ''AGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.: ,Adrian, Mich. .
our prices.. Send for samples and prices THEM -



In Some parts of the country at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE, or"no: .d'
JERSEY CITY, N. J. Orange at all. They are also learning that'BOONE'S EARLY is not only the ,Earliest but Best '
and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees'of this and. other varietiesnow AGRICULTURAL
N.. B.-We do not deal in unprinted by. .
wrappers.- C. A. BOONE, Agent. "

+ t:.Semi-Tropical- Nurseries Orlando, Fla, COLLEGE .
"I .
t + r i i
i, f \ 3 c: .FOR PRODUCTION AND: PROFIT Has a full''.Faculty of able.Professors.,

FERRY'SSEEDS Buy! Treesof t the Well-KflhfcBelialiilen'b years tested Five Full Courses Laboratories of Instruction., and'Shops." ;., Gives-


-:1-1 THE WOMEN'S .
..Are Just' what every' SATSUMA ORAHQE8, hardy and early.;; PECANS, but'Paper-Shell' variety.; CAMPHOR TSXE8.: THE.'BUSINESS
J I sower needs.The' mer- PEAKS, all kinds, Immense,stock.. WALNUTS. *.,Japan A California.. TEXAS UMBRELLA. ... ,
Jita of'Ferrl"s Seeds I PEACHES lO..arl.tlea, new and old; CHEI'fBO'8laaBlbmmo'h.b.. O&EVILLEA XOBU8TA. -. -V
form the foundation up..' PLUMS, belt Japan'and native,sorts. OLIVES awl APKICOT8. MAGNOLIA ORAHDIPLOXA of
degrees B. and
on which has been built the JAPANPERSIMMON8va, 1stieiallteited. PIGS and MULBERRIES. CITRUS' TRIPOLIATA. GRANTS. S. A. B. to' gradu-
largest seed business In the world. .GRAPES good supply, all leading kinds. POMEORAHATES. ROSES; 80 varieties. full courses. Young men board in
Perry Seed Annual for 1894 Other kinda-IoU ortb mf-wrlte{ Corwbai'.oi' want*' mess hall for $io per month. Young women
contains the sum and substance of FREE: Specimens: of fruit In season;"'and'qni; ex perlenee infoimatlon'as'td' td adapfabfltytayour boards with private families in town,$io to$15 a
the latest farming kno'lldgeFreo locality,worth much more. For Instance;we have discarded one variety of which we shipped month. No tuition charged residents of FJori-
for the'asking. 400 bushels in 1887,and this but one of the hundreds of varieties tested. \Ve have built our reputation da. Next term begins OCTOBER
.D. M. FERRY & CO.., OH fine*tock-some say thejffn jf. An Ex-Governor of Flaj writes:::Tbey are beautiesso admirably For Catalogue, giving full information, write
'Detroit Mich1' packed. as to shame a novice, and even many Who pretend to be a=pelts."-Prompt. and careful to' -
; attention correspondence. Prices reasonable. Catalogue free.
O. CLUTE, President
G. L. TAKER, Clen St. Mary, Fla. Lake City,a Florida


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,', *

Numerous tests have conclusively demonstrated that the COCCIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes(white fly) in all of its stages of development. It can, however -
,be more effectively reached while in the egg,)larva and pupa states. It is now in those states, but will commence hatching the fly about the middle of June.

-::1Now: is the f JL Tf ime to App1y.It .

is also fatal to the Spiders,Rust Mites and their eggs,and to the Scale without reference to the hatching periods. ,.


THE OLD RELIABLE.. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is claimed for it.

f -?. :Single barrels,ton or in car.lots.ST'IAYIiSQ.

'. In Great variety at manufacturers'prices.

A splendid appliance for groves that are irrigated. Will greatly reduce the cost of using insecticides. Rubber hose(all sizes),plain and wire bound.

Cargo will arrive in Tune. Special rates for orders to be shipped from vessel. Pine box sides,kiln dried heads,hoops,paper,nails,etc. Pineapple crates and other growers supplies.. ._..

The. rate for transporting ..Insecticides has been reduced from 6th class to class "K." A reduction of more than 50- per cent. .

; : ;:
Correspondence solicited., e

Wayoroee Wharf. Jacksonville. Fla.


.. been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them ourselves -
for the last ten years, we'speak from experience when we make the following statement:

That SULPHUR. SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.

It lias never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as

other Insecticides hare been throughout the State,

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed.on
the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.
As sulphur will-not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis

very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow
'Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used.

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak.
These insecticides have beep used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction.

References and general directions for using furnished on application. ,._,_
Write for Price-List. 1 i .iit"


....*);' San Mateo, Fla. -...

FERTILIZERS Orange Trees I .

Actually and Honestly Made from Animal Bone.


This is a Guaranteed Fact.

Standard Guano & :Chemical MTg' Go.No. .' The Old Reliable_Buckeye Nurseries

14 Union St., New Orleans, La. I have hand the finest
on lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard vat
rieties. 1 have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa ill two-year bulls, from five
OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.Write to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that 11'B hard times,and propose to sell at
for Almanac,Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange. .
Write for prices. .
W,H.MICHABL. Established 1808. A.W.MICHAEL
M.E. GILLETT, Prop.,
Weirsdale,FIa.POTASH .

Milwaukee Florida Draqge Co. FERTILIZING! 0R

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Budding-Wood for sale at all times. Use only ..'
Our stock Is large and complete. Catalogue PROMPT and Price-List ATTENTION,address TO CORRESPONDENCE.For Fertilizers Containing Over 10 Per Cent of Potash.

Information and Pamphlets free. y Jf;!
A. L. DUNCAN Manager Dunedin Fla-
GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New YorkClt1.

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The Pinery.Edited many to be superior to the Cayenne. small plant, with spreading light-green The West Coast-Vegetables vs.

The two are the best large fruited ap1 I 1 leaves, more or less glaucous. Hence Pineapples.Editor .

pIes in cultivation in Florida, and, I the name "Mealy Leaved Sugar Loaf." Farmer and Fruit-Grower.

by JOHN B. BEACH. Melbourne, Fla. think, anywhere. Its suckers are not Fruit small-two to three pounds-
Your issues of and
August 4th
..... ..... Sep-
-''-'-'-- ""'- "
abundant, and are produced from buds color, pale yellow. A very sweet soft tember 1st, each contain efforts of

The Pineapple. near to or beneath the ground. Its fruit, but not attractive in appearancepr Rev. Jas. H. White to prove that the-...- w

,BY REV. JAMES H. WHITE. slips are very numerous, and besidesthe profitable as a crop. The dark East Coast of Florida possesses a

[Written for the Farmer and Fruit Grower.] crown it produces more crownletsor colored variety or possibly varietiesare superior climate to that of the West
secondary crowns than any varietyI known as Brown Leaved Sugar Coast. This he has tried repeatedly
VARIETIESCONTINUEDRipley have ever seen. Loaf Brown Loaf and Black
Sugar for over eleven years past. If I felt
Queen.-This name should It has one serious fault for those who Sugar Loaf. that he had made out a good case I

have a place here; not because of its wish to ship the fruit without the slips. TRINIDAD. would have nothing further to say. '

distinctive character, but because it The slips are so attached to the fruit However, I have talked with a great
that it is impossible to them Synonyms : Porto Rico, Pitch Luke.
has been so prominent in our pine ; separate many people in Manatee\ Hillsbo-
literature without marring the fruit so as destroy Probably the largest of all the vari- Polk '
apple for the past two years. rough, DeSoto and Lee counties
In : the Pineapple Manual it is de its keeping qualities. This is not true eties of this fruit known to cultivation.It on these efforts of Mr. White, and I
of specimen, but of of is a coarse, sour fruit. Plant large
scribed as follows: "Bather stouter in every many have not found one person who be-
habit, free to grow and fruit, rather them, and particularly the largest. and erect; medium width of leaves, lieves he has proved his assertion. He

larger in size than the old Queen, and ENVILLE. whose color is a glaucous greenslightly does not seem satisfied himself with

by some-esteemed superior inTlavor!-' Enville Enville tinged with a coppery hue; fruit cylin- his past elaborate essays in that line,
-Synonyms : City, drical with conical
a tendency; color,
In an autograph letter now before me Queen. scattered along over nearly twelve
the late A. I. Bidwell said, "I doubtif This is another large apple. Plant, The ripe, light yellow.Manual of it years, or if so, why does he try it over
Pineapple says :
one could detect difference so often?
any medium to leaves of decided
large; a "When this kind first introducedfrom
between a well-grown Queen and a tinge fruit conical was When Capt. T. E. Richards had
coppery ; Trinidad marvelous
medium-grown Ripley Queen, even if of good quality and surmounted by a it. reports accompanied -: only a small beginning at pineapple
the it
they were true to the description." coxcombed Among rest, was culture I visited his place. He took
crown. claimed that it would reach the II
.. After an experience of ten years extra- me to Rev. Mr. White's Island Home,
with this variety, I would say the PRINCE ALBERT. ordinary weight of twenty pounds. It where there was also a small begin-
One Florida writer of it "No has, indeed, proved to be a fair variety,
same with this addition, the best speci says ning in this line. I was looking for a
special characteristics. But the but generally has disappointed the cul-
mens of the fruit are larger, more home. Not being satisfied with whatI
conical, with a translucent interior, Prince Albert grown in this regionis tivators." Some have praised it inor- saw over there, I visited the west

and as abundant in juice as a water. a very marked variety. Plant, of dinately, but I think the general verdictis coast. I always had a prejudice for
i in medium size, somewhat spreading; unsatisfactory as a grower, a fruiter rich
melon. The foliage no degree differs land. Here I found it, and set-
leaves broad and of a decided red and in quality.
in appearance from the Queen, tled. I have never claimed any supe-
but the largest specimens of the fruit. tinge; fruit medium to large in size, JAMAICA RIPLEY. riority for the west coast over the east

short and slightly conical; quality ex The best of the four different sorts in immunity from killing frosts, becauseI

SMOOTH CAYENNE. cellent. Much like that of the Ab- that have come to us under this name, felt there was an abundance of proof

Synonym.-French Guiana. Of its bakacha, but higher flavored. and the one that I think should be that in that respect there was no real

origin the Pineapple Manual says: BLACK JAMAICA. recognized as the Jamaica Ripley, difference. If I had entertained doubtson

This fine variety was imported from is a small conical) 1 fruit, pointed pipsin the subject, Mr. White's failure to
Montserrat Black
Cayenne many years ago. This state- Synonyms : color a rich orange yellow, and its establish the contrary would have set
ment is confirmed by both its name Antigua and Black Prince. quality excellent. The plant is small at rest the last doubt on that point.So .

and synonym. Yet one Florida writer Possibly the names here given as to medium, dark green, with a decided far as I have noticed, Mr. White
says "it originated in England" and synonyms may have been the repre- coppery tinge, a good grower has never claimed to have even visited
sentatives of distinct varieties but all
another: "A native variety of the and fruiter, abundant in offsets and the west coast. If he would do so, he
Azore Islands." But the Azore Isl of them that I have seen were identi '
bids fair to be of considerable com- might see what would convince him of
ands have no "native varieties of the, cal. mercial importance. his error. I am sure he could see what
pineapple." The Black Jamaica of the Bidwell should convince him. He claims to

The plant is somewhat above me- importation is a tall growing plant with VARIEGATED JAMAICA RIPLEY. be able to settle the whole questionby

dium size with broad, dark green narrow, dark green leaves more or less Much like the above in some respects comparing weather reports at his

leaves nearly free from spines, fruit tinged with maroon, fruit small to me- but in others decidedly unlike. Island Home. I showed in our former

large, slightly conical, yellow when dium, form long oval, pips flat, flavor The toliage is light green striped controversy that when he was so triumphantly -
ripe and of excellent quality. Weightof the best, as good in winter as in sum- with pale red. Fruit small and near- quoting a temperature of

fruit generally four to eight pounds.Its mer. It can be propagated rapidly as ly a perfect cone, in color a light 22 at Fort Meade, on three sides the

extreme weight ten pounds. Its it is abundant in offsets, both suckers yellow, and quality good, some say people were going right ahead raising

only drawback to general culture is and slips. the best. tomatoes, pineapples, etc., and this was

the sparcity of its offsets. Generallyfew BLACK PRINCE.Is MOSCOW QUEEN. only one among many illustrations I
suckers and less slips. It often the
as to utter worthlessness of
described in the Manual as, Dwarf in habit short broad leaves gave
the bractate buds the
pushes upon stem his comparisons of such The
below the fruit, producing what is "Habit, tall growing, leaves long and and darker in color than the Queen. people want facts that reports.are of
medium in width, fruit very large and The fruit small and conical, color some
neither true sucker
slip but
a nor a value, and I am determined that so
valuable pyramidal in form, dark orange color darker than the Queen and flavor less
very stocky plant. long as I can get access to the public
when ripe, flavor good, an excellent distinctive but somewhat sweeter.FARRIE'S .
PRICKLY CAYENNE.As I press such facts as the above shall be
variety. Supposed to be a hybrid be- ,
QUEEN.In reported every time Mr.White reentershis
here and received under tween Ripley Queen and the Blood
grown habit dwarf and claim of any advantage of the east
the name Charlotte Rothschild is the Red pine. It is a very handsome compact ;
leaves short and curving downward, coast over the west as to climate or
exact of the above pine in color and shape when well
counterpart spines
fruit medium size and globular in
but and bad
the leaves.Variegated grown, coarse a keeper.
upon Smooth Cayenne. Much The Black Prince here described form; juice abundant and flavor good. There seems to be no comparisonas
Besides the above, I have fruited to the amount of winter vegetables
has reached Indian
evidently never
like its plain namesamke but smaller
a river. the Lord Carrington, a small fruit shipped from the two sections. Those
fruit and of little commercial im-
sharply conical; inferior in qualityand shipped from the east coast cut no fig-
portance. of little value. Also the Peru- ure whatever in comparison with what

ABBAKACHA, Synonyms: Orange Sugar Loaf, vian, which is of little value, and goes from the Manatee river alone.

called Abbaka for short, and this con Mealy Leaved Sugar Loaf. thought to be identical with the White To any one who does not understand

traction is not particularly objectionable Of the Sugar Loaf there seem to be Antigua.The why we do not produce as many pine-

,so long as it does not lose sight of two types that are quite distinct, the above list, though not exhaus- apples as the east coast, I will say this:

the original name. This is a tall grow light colored and the dark. Beyondthis tive, is believed to contain most thatis We have so much rich land that brings

ing plant; leaves narrow, dark green, the many sorts seem to be a sense- valuable by way of varieties.Island quicker returns in vegetables than

tinged with purple. The fruit is large, less array off names.I Home,Merritt's Island, Fla. in ,pineapples that vegetables have -
cylindrical, slightly tending to the have the Sugar Loaf from four been the fashion with us, while on the

barrel form. Its color a bright golden sources and all of them are of the Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder east coast so much of the land is so

. yellow, and in quality thought by green variety and all alike. It ,is a World's Pair Highest Medal and Diploma. I dry and poor that something else had

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580 'w' ," .. ". _. _, .. FLORIDA' FARMER; AND FRUIT-GROWER. } ., .' .. ... ..' 'It.- a.... *<\ ., '

to be resorted to. They tried pineapples : drove 0 Orchard. fluence upon the sugar content of luscious berries that fin'd.a ready salein
and succeeded, and deserve beets, when fertilized with nitrate of the market, especially asa great
great credit for it. By so doing they .... soda'is not so much due to the ,pres deal of the, fruit ripens earlier than the
have helped to give Florida an envia Calomel' for Pear. Blight. ence of nitrogen as it is to the effect large.cultivated varieties. We never
ble name.I Some three yearsago; I was,talking of the soda contained in this material, heard'of raising wild blackberries
rejoice that it is so. with an orchardist and remarked thatI or the absence of potash respectively. market,-' the',the-neigh-
We did not have to depend on'pineapples had an idea of planting fruit. .He Potash, as is welj known, .is essen borhood always made money in pick
hence a few failures caused said : "Doctor, if you want to plant. tial to the formation of sugar and ing them whenever they could find
much discouragement. Our rich veg-- fruit, plant,pears. I will give you a'' starch in plants, while sda is just the them, we concluded that there must be
etable lands are not at all suited to remedy: for the blight and you can reverse. Now then if plants are fertilized some money in them. We have not
raising pineapples. But we have an make a fortune out of it." He told with nitrate of soda, they take regretted ourexperiment. The.returnsfrom .
abundance of land just as good forpineapples me of an orchard near Memphis, up, in addition to nitrogen, a large' the field,every season are large,
as any on the east coast, Tenn., which had, ,made the owner amount of soda, which makes them more than paying 10 per cent. interest -
and. in a few: years it will be proven some money, but blight was beginningto unfit to absorb a sufficiency of potash, on the cost of the land and our
. to the satisfaction of any one who ,kill the trees and the owner was and therefore they deteriorate in qual wages daily during the, picking.season._
will visit both sections even if it does discouraged. A lady offered to tell ity. (The sugar content in beets As the land is almost worthless for
not convince some who never see beyond him a remedy that would stop the was reduced i 6 per cent.) general farming, we see no better
their own ,neighborhood. So blight. He applied the remedy and It is different, however, with crude use to which we can put it.-American -
Mr. White may' pile and compile had no more blight for seven or eight potash salts, which are also rich in Cultivator.
weather reports mountain high, the years. When it began again the soda. Sugar beets absorb from such ..
essential facts, facts that count in dollars same remedy checked it. I saw a material e amounts of. potash, but The Surinam Cherry.;
.and cents, are against his claim of son of this Dr. Scruggs three years only a little soda, as was shown in
a superior climate for the east coast.I ago. He said he had nsed the same these trials. Kainit was the material Small fruits are a much neglectedand
know his last effort seems to have I remedy with success. This Mr. used and contains a large amount of very profitable source of'income,
been inspired by some one claiming I Scruggs told Bishop Payne of this soda in addition to potash, but the and in this part,of the world a very
superiority for the West Coast as to remedy. I saw Mrs. Payne, last beets absorbed very little soda as desirable addition to the list is the
an equable climate. For every prac summer a year ago. She said that compared with the potash.In Surinam ,cherry, otherwise known as
ticable there is the orchard in Tennessee the Pitango or Cayenne cherry 'f((Eugenia
purpose, just nothingin pear to view of this fact, therefore, an
either claim. There are spots on which this remedy was applied in entire new field appears to be open for Mitchell!). It is a native;of the .
both coasts exempt from killing 1872 was still alive and bearing regularly the use of nitrate of potash as a fertilizer tropics, though well adapted to South 1
Florida where it has been fora
frosts, except at such rare occasionsas every year. in taking the place of nitrate of grown
January, 1886. And some spotson Three years ago I was at the houseof soda. Two points of importance are number of years. A really severe
both Dr. Barrett of The ,frost will probably kill it, but it will
coasts were exempt even Springfield. likewise brought by these investigations -
then, but they were few, and the people pear trees in his yard had the blight.) viz: stand several degrees without suffer- .,
live where there ; We the of ing; except possibly the loss of its
prefer to are some applied remedy to two First. Sodium compounds (such as
advantages except exemption from them. These two trees are now in common salt, nitrate of soda, etc.) I bloom. It will, however, bloom? again
frost.I perfect health and the dead limbs are injurious to some plants, and and the crop will be secured that, sea.
misunderstood have off. in whichwe son. It is a,. bush with, small, glossy
be in The
prefer not to sloughed tree Second, That soda cannot take the
this matter. I have seen people with did not insert the remedy died. place of potash in its functions as evergreen ]leaves, the young growth
whom I was well acquainted, remove We tried it last year and on different plant nourishment.The being of a wine color, like the mango,
ing from the West Coast to the East trees this year. It has been success-' teachings of these investigations and it produces an abundance of juicy,
said ful in instance in old red fruits about the size of a small. .
Coast, and I never one word to every either with sugar beets are also appli- "
discourage them, and never expect to trees or young.I cable to other crops in which large cherry. When first formed 'they are
hereafter. I know have been afraid of this fluted, but as the fruit ripens this flut-
do so several fam- to speak contents of sugar and starch are essential -
ilies who did so, and have returned, remedy until I gave it a thoroughtrial. as for example, potatoes, etc. ing in many cases entirely disappears,
and others who intend do but Some told I could leaving it perfectly round. The 'tasteof
to so, parties me To such crops the use of salt as a fer-
that is their it and make I told the fruit is somewhat acid, but 'not
entirely own business.Let patent a fortune. tilizer, besides being useless would be
every one investigate until satis- hem; I believed I could do more by quite harmful. V. H. unpleasantly so, but there is a slight
fied. But I have not felt satisfied to coming and giving the remedy to this flavor, besides, of cayenne, which if
allow any one to be misled by weather society. at first is considered objectionable,
reports ,which I knew to be utterly The remedy is calomel, a mercurial Wild Blackberries.. may be finally regarded as an ad-
misleading, and which, many readers' preparation, well knowr, much used On our farm was a piece of land van tage.-Florida Ruralist.
of THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER and much abused by the medical pro nearly ten acres in extent. It was a .---

will recollect I proved to be so every fessionIt is a powerful remedy. It' light, sandy soil, and the readiness: We are indebted to Mr. Judson Py-
time Mr. White claimed the con- is applied by cutting across the trunkof with which briars sprang up all over lant, one of our most successful farmers -
trary.I the tree, raising the edges of the it indicated favorable conditions for for some. fine guavas of a new
bark inserting about 10 grains of the wild blackberries. The land was of
have known many to become very variety The seed came from the
indignant at what they considered his calomel and then binding up the little value, and not needed for regu- Azore islands, and the fruit. is. far superior -
wound. The takes the calo- lar field crops, as the rest of the farm -
injustice to our section, but I preferto sap up to the ordinary! guava, being
took about all the time cultivate it.
mel and carries it into the general to
not even question his motives. I freer from the pungent odor objec--
circulation of the tree. It must be Besides, we are getting more and more
do not know why he has persisted so tionable to so many and having ,Jess
in intense and in-
long in trying to prove our inferiority, applied while the sap is circulatingany to believe farming, seed. At the same time it stands
but have tried to be content with show- ( time during the growing season). stead of increasing the acreage under the cold better. Mr. Pylant has
ing in perhaps a crude way, his error. I am convinced of its efficacy, and I cultivation we are decreasing it. Our planted a lot of the seed, and we
While a few other parties have com think if "you will experiment in a like r }large markets. but predict. that it will Drove very popular -
manner, will have favorable re there is little sale for the land. -
batted his assumption at different you when generally introduced.Ft. .-
i suIts. I will be glad to furnish names The question: what to do with these
times, they either tired of the matteror Meade Pebble.
overlooked his endless reiterationsof of those who have tried; this remedy ten aces of sandy land, overrun with .f
his pet theory. successfully for 22 years. I hope we blackberry vines puzzled us for many
Besides feeling it duty to say whatI will be able to overcome this great years, but finally we decided to turnit The roads are being worked ,this
have, I have been urged by peoplein drawback to the culture of the pear. to some profitable use. The black- year as cheap as it can ever be done,
all the five counties above men It makes no difference, on which side berry vines were the large, wild sorts, and in ten.years' time the county will
tioned, to meet him promptly at each of the tree or,. at what stage of the very early and sweet, and we beganto have to pay to contractors alone the
reappearance. I am willing to let the moon you insert the calomel.-Dr. J. cultivate them as much as possible; sum of $21,207.50, (supposing that
matter rest as I have done several Henseley, before the Missouri Horti-- that is we thinned them out in places the roads are let out every year as

times, if Mr. White will not, after a cultural Society. and transplanted roots to other p'art'sof cheaply as they are this year.) Now,
the field. The vines that failed
long interval, reopen the question.W. to add the superintendent's salary and
E. DRISCOLL. Nitrate of Potash vs. Nitrate of produce any berries in places were all the other expenses for ten years
Manatee. Soda. rooted up and others put there. In and where will the figures stop at?
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: this way the whole ten acres were And at the end of ten years how
Hereford's Acid PhosphateA In the,annual report of the Agri- one mass of blackberry vines. much better will our roads be than
Healthful Tonic. cultural Experiment station at Halle, I The result of this venture has been they are to day? We have some roads
Used in place of lemons or lime juice it an account was given of experiments that tons of blackberries have been that are of no earthly use, but still
will harmonize with such stimulants as carried any by Prof. Maeker,. from picked f from the field every summer. some sharper got the county to work
are necessary to take. which it appears that the damaging in- The vines are loaded down with large, 1 them.-Orlando Reporter.I .


m:.7 .
t.4 ,
P .





Farmer $ Trucker COMMON ,SENSE FRUIT CUPPER. Pistillate Strawberries Pollenization. and Their

'" ", Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
Strawberry Culture, No. 2. After years of strenuous controversy -

It will save the inexperienced growers THROW away.Two ; I it is now generally conceded that

much disappointment if during HANDED shears the pistillate, imperfect blossom, or

hot weather and clip your or- female variety of strawberries, are as
dry he will set plants anges <
only after four'o'clock_ p. m. It will with Godbeys \ a rule, larger, more prolific and more
Common Sense
reliable bearers than
pay better to carry lamps and give Fruit Clipper; the II staminate,

double if only clipper that perfect blossom or male variety._ _.;... ..
wages, necessary to set
up allows you to grasp
to nine o'clock'at night than to have and clip the fruit Where a plant has to produce its own
with ONE HAND.It pollen there is undoubtedly loss of
them a
in \
set gratuitously the forenoon saves one-

%t During the long, cool hours of the third of the time. the berry producing power. In fact
It saves one-half \
the ofthe bbor. \\ this separation of the sexes is a work
night plants have time to recover .
4t" \ of in .
It life it
from the shock*, of transplanting. saves expense development plant as was

It be worn in animal life, for among the lowest _
If old plants are used instead of. may =
on a glove or the % forms of animal life both sexual prin-
young. ones, be very particular ruboff' naked hand.It .
is not in the ciples existed in the same individual.
all the old husk
just below the .
way Therefore the frantic efforts of l
ends' boxes, baskets '
of the leaf stems. Rub them or -
& ladders.It propagators to produce a staminate
until the bulb shows the red, then the leaves one
hand free to pull equalling in both size and produc.
minute white roots can strike out at
down a limb hold tiveness is
a pistillate wasted
once, and the plant will grow as vigorously a basket or cling ,
labor. All that can be hoped tor is
as a young plant. If this
husk is not removed thoroughly old to a ladder. It allows you to clip your fruit wherever it can be reached with;one hand. to get a fairly productive staminatethat
//p ,
will match the
pistillates near
plants will prove disappointing; if it EVERY CLIPPER WARRANTED.Sent enough in size ruin their sale
is, they will! do even better than young
by an admixture of small berries.
ones' in some ''respects. They have anywhere prepaid on receipt of>Ji.oo. Send all orders to
By far the most important questionnow
more body to hold;moisture and
: ,
T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida. before is what staminatesto
Jess likely to die from being trans. D. L. FERGUSON, State Agent, Waldo
with the
planted. plant as pollenizers highly

'The strawberry is peculiar in its improved pistillates such as Haver-
land Bubach &c. With
high ma
large content of potash, of which one- ,, .
and cultivation
.. nuring the Sharpless
.. --
half its mineral constituents are made -

up: The, next needed mineral is lime, might answer. But under general
conditions it would Of the
the ash containing 36 per cent. of this ANNOUNCEMENT many
varieties tested for this
by me pur-
element, and as well, nearly 20 percent
the Wolverton all
pose surpasses in
of phosphoric acid. The whole l -t
ash consists of in of the size, productiveness and general ex
5 parts 1,000 !PEOPLE!
; TO THE cellence of plant and berry. Fe w
fruit and 33 in 1,000 in the leaves and -
; ) '. are as rich in pollen, if any. It
stems. As however it is
impossibleto OF UIBORUUAAND : blooms with the
just large pistillatesand
have fine fruit without a luxUl iant J'

growth of leaf and stem, it is as im OF THE SOUTHEAST} varieties continues planted in with bloom it are so long thoroughly that-

portant to know just what the whole
THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION makes an announcement of more than ordinary Interest pollenized and bear heavy and fine
plant wants in considering how it is i By special arrangement with the publishers of that greatest of all reference libraries. The Ency
Enhance is also rich in
clop dla( Britannlca ninth (latest) edition. we are enabled for short time crops. pollen
to be fed. The following figures tell l a to place this Kin( !" of Books
this within easy reach of every reader. This edition is bound In and in all respects a close second to
us :

the early pistillates, Hoffman,
BERRIES.Fruits Vines Is the only complete and unabridged edition of this great work in existence revised|Ito date. That Michel and Beder Wood are excellent
Per Cent. Per Cent some sort of an Encyclopaedia Is a necessity all must acknowledge. That the Great Britannlca !Is
Potash............... .... .54.00 23.00 very best !Encyclopaedia; : : none will deny. Only Its great cost-$125 for the Scribner Edition.. for pollenizers; all three being rich in pol
Soda .................. ........ 3.23 the $909
Lime... .................. ...14.50 36 13.35 30 Edinburgh prevented its purchase heretofore.' At these prices pone but the rich could len. Tennessee Prolific, Rio and
Magnesia.: ... .... .......... 7.12 3.83 afford to own It We offer for a limited time to the readers of THE CONSTITUTION an edition superior Cyclone are promising new starn i-
Iron oxide.................... 3.37 7.00 even to the costly,Edinburgh Edition at the unheard of introductory rate ofTEN
Phosphoric acid.... ..., ... 18.50 15.00 nates.

Tne old-fashioned Peruvian guano CENTS A DAYFor What proportion of staminates are .

used to be considered the best fertilizer necessary for pollenization is another
this small outlay you can secure these .8 Royal octavo volumes complete and unabridged,
for strawberries but highly important question. usual
nowadays revised to date. The Britannlca itself needs no endorsement., For 119 years it has stood the, crowning:
experience has demonstrated that pure work of our English language, the noblest work In all literature, the one only adequate representative of rule of one row staminate to three

bone flour is about the best application the advanced thought and scholarship of the world. It Is the only Encyclopedia In which each principal rows pistiliates is a safe one But in'
subject Is treated by an acknowledged authority that subject. No other
upon Encyclopaedia: has given
that can be made supplemented Ten Thousand Dollars seasons to the dissemination -
for a single article nor Six Hundred Dollars a page for written matter. Tie
with potash in some form, either ashes fact: that '' of pollen, unless! a powerful pol-

or double manure salt. Hen manure; $J9009000( lenizer is used, even every other row .

and hardwood ashes mixed perfectly of stagnates will prove ineffec ual,
Was expended Its preparation requiring the labor of of the world's greatest scholars tells the
dry (if mixed moist the ashes will set story of its exalted superiority. Over 600 American authors: were employed on American subjects anl and a crop of small, knotty, imperfect

f free the ammonia)and these, mixed with, American Institutions., < berries be the result. It may thus be

dry powdered muck or something else THE EDITION WE OFFER seen how important it is to know that

to reduce strength, form a vergoo d l To our readers comprises many features worthy of special mention. your staminates are not only large,
i. A thorough equipment of new maps up to date, costing$;0,000 to produce.
manure also. But the novice is The American fine and as productive as possible, but
very a. Copyrighted Articles rewritten to date by eminent American writers. In other
apt to "burn" his plants with this respects this Edition Is word for word line for line" page'for page. Identical. 'with the expensive. Edinburgh also to be sure that they are so rich in
Edition costing$8.00 per volume. pollen that not bloom fai's
a pistillate
powerful stuff as also cottonseed meal
j. But the crowning feature of this Edition Is Its American Additions and Revisions prepared under
nitrate of soda, &c. The best on the the supervision of that widely known Encyclopedic: ,Editor. W. H. DEPUY. D.D., LL.'D.. assisted. by to produce a fine berry for lack of it.
a corps'of Trained writers, thoroughly the entire work O. W. BLACKNALL.
whole, therefore, is the bone and l revising to date. .
:Not only are all Scientific and Historical'Subjects brought absolutely up to date but a vast fund Kittrell, N C.Why.
potash. of new Information Is added, relating to the material, social. Industrial and educational progress of the .
Raw ground bone is richer in animal world? ,together with many thousand New Bloit'aphles'nof in the original.Edition nor In any other Ency Not Raise Hay?

matter or nitrogen than the clop dla. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

steamed or glue works bone or bone FOR A SHORT TinE On page 570, top of'second column,

black. But' it is so slow in its action This elegant Reference Library will be offered to subscribers of THE ATLANTA CONSTITU "The Counties Lying Around Jacksonville -
TION at remarkably low Introductory prices and on terms so easy as t to seem almost ludicrous. "
that' a considerable part of it goes over There are four styles of binding and all styles have double-hinged flexible backs sewed precisely etc. Why do not these peoplego

'to the next summer, producing such a like an Oxford Teacher's Bible so that they are durable and convenient It Is an actual tact that to growing ,Florida clover,, and

rank growth of crabgrass that it will this book is more strongly bound than the Edition which Is sold for$8.00 per volume. baling it for market, and thus gettingrid
Upon application we will send you description and prices of the various' styles,and you may select
kill the strawberry plants. The animal any style of binding you choose and have the privilege of paying for it at the rate of xo cents a day, of the tax they pay the North for

matter also attracts ants and aftera half the set being delivered to you at once;;or.'we will deliver,the entire set of s8 volumes on paymentof so much of their very. inferior hay?
$s.oo per month. All charges paid by us to any railroad station In the United States.
year's use of raw ground bone these Horses will leave corn to eat Flor

pests will become so thick' that a barefooted THE CONSTITUTION, ATLANTA, GEORGIA., ida clover very often. It is very fat-

man can' hardly walk in the tening to all kinds of stock, and

field. --- A t. I.especially, for dairy stock. M.

.- ,
/ ':- '

... ,: ."-,;.,;-;,,;



. 3 -
; r


. .
>- '
582 ...



Importers of : _
Manufacturers _

Sulphate Potash == All Kinds of BRANDS
From Germany. &
_.... : \
.r _.
.' r._ --.a- --- = ANGE TREES,Peach ;

IIIGH GRADE SULPHATE = r-... ....__........---L---_...4..x...=_._..._.- __._....__.__..:...__...__ __ Trees, Strawberries, q
90-95 per cent. (46.00 per ton.
; -
-_ Write for a ;. ;
'" _
4&-S5 cent. Sulphate Potash ; .
per fl ii '
27.00 per ton,free on board cars _
p** :: : i
Jacksonville Fla.
----- i'r Particulars< ,

.. .
Also large buyers of TO ,
-i.- 1 East Bay Street,

'KVBfU Kind O of : _- .J
-_ __- Jacksonville, Fa.! ,

TOLockhart .

Raw Material -- = =- _- _-_ = Little,

-- .1

,Seasonable Work. harrow when it becomes clogged, 250 feet long. This sold in New York with the roller or by dragging the ||

PREPARING THE LAND FOR ON- thus depositing the trash in rows for $350, giving $30 net per row. The moldboard of the plow on it, it makes .]
IONS.-Old land is alone fit for a crop crosswise of the line of work. to be frosts in December almost ruined the a moist, rotten bed in which the tubers Jj
requiring fine work, and this is gener dried and burned. varieties-the
self-blanching Golden mealy because the mulch
grow ,
ally covered with a crabgrass sod in Harrow until the land is as mellowas and White Plume. will them to expand. It is difficult '

the fall. If this is not turned under an ash heap; level with the plank "That set after December 24 did to grow mealy potatoes in our weighty .

with great care the grass will stick up drag, standing it to give, it weightand nothing, as it got too hot and dry for sandy soil without a mulch to sustain

over the beds, making the land woolly cause it to fill up all hollows and it. I think, however, if it could have the pressure. It is the great weight
and'puffy, so that it will suffer in the mash the .,
I remaining lumps. Harrow been irrigated it would have come onto of the Florida soil which makes our
fall drouth. To prevent this the best again with the spike-tooth to market later and when
bring bearing a sweet potatoes too clammy to suit the
plan is to plow it twice. Run a furrow more lumps to the surface, then drag higher price. Northern appetite. For September

about four inches deep, turningthe again to mash them. Then harrow "The varieties doing best were Mexican planting use only Florida-grown seed

sod down as well as may be, and and drag a third time. The writer Solid, Savannah Market, Boston I of last spring's growth. Northern

follow with another'plow'right behind has. had a man and a horse harrow Market and Golden Dwarf, in the order grown seed is so recently dug that it
the first, throwing furrow slice threeor and drag two of named. I used made
acres strawberry a compost will generally rot before it will sprout.
four inches deep on top of the land a whole week, until the man declared from cow lot manure, cottonseed meal, On well-drained land it will pay the .
other. This will bury all grass and the land "would be Belleview soft and
out "
worn ; phosphate sulphateof grower to try the ,experiment (whichis
roots under a layer of fine, mellow he firmly believes that it added all
yet to potash, thoroughly rotted and not altogether an experiment either) {
soil clear of all grass roots and in the. yield to the value of a hundred mixed. About a month before settingout of growing potatoes this fall to be left

good condition for bedding. Instead, dollars an acre. I plowed in cow-pea stubble, har- in the ground during the winter and :.;?
of this a "jointer" be used. A
may rowed and smoothed the land. When .
addition to sod is SOWING CRIMSON CLOVER.-Where shipped very early next'spring, when \
good a plow a wingon
ready to set out I run out a furrow they would command *
a has been fancy prices.
crop cowpeas lately re-
of the mould.board set
perpendicular with a one-horse plow, returning in the COVERINGS
to give the furrow slice a moved, the seed may be sown right on FOR YOUNG PLANTS.A .- /
furrow. If much loose
the surface and covered with an old- same too earth very convenient covering for a i
more complete turn bottom side up. rolled in I cleaned it with hoe.
out a frost is
The Clipper plow made by the fashioned spike-tooth harrow, or bet- young plant against a half .l I
Then scattered two one-horse loads of
section of bark about $
with pine foot
Southern of ter, a cutaway. In an orange a long.
Agricultural Company, of compost in each furrow, and four They are peeled from the trees after '
Atlanta does good work in crabgrasssod grove some age the trees will shade ;
of salt. About three inches
quarts they have been felled
the months
young plants enough to insure a ,
with team. If the land
a strong earth then hauled in from the J
I was out- when will off
stand; but in open land they are liableto they come readily.
is above described
double-plowed as "
sides, leveled and left to be settled bya CABBAGES
be be killed by the hot sun of September. TOO EARLY.-It is not
turned under
everything can by rain ; or, if in a hurry, itwas planked worth while raise
In this case the seed be cabbages to. ship ,
hitching a chain to the right hand end may
down down six inch board
by laying a against the cellared
the North.It .
of the double-tree and to the plow- sown among cowpeas before they and crop
beam making a loop which will drag are cut, and after the leaves have walking several times over it. is true that a large strong'plant will
Sometimes we used water in setting, stand the cold better than
dropped sufficiently to allow the sun a small one
down all! grass j just)in advance of the and others
at not to conditionof
to reach the earth a little. Complete owing set later, but a cabbage coming to .
furrow slice and hold it until it is cov- land."
ered up. But if not double-plowed it exclusion of the sunshine is not desira maturity before there is a market for '

is not easy to bury all grass and trash ble. When sown among peas, of FALL PLANTING OF CANE.-It 1 is it is of little value. Plants ready to ft
out of the way of cultivation. In this course the latter will have to be leftso said that in Louisiana planters frequently be set in the field about the first week ':

case it is best to mow the grass and burn long that they will be about worthless plant their seed cane in the of November, will be about right for

it before plowing. This is a waste of for forage; else the harvesting of fall, which is found to be safe on land an average season in Central or South

humus making material, but it has to them will admit the sun so suddenlyas that is well drained, so that the cane Florida.

be done, for it is impossible to raisea to kill the clover. will not become saturated and rot. Dr. -.... --
Price's Cream Baking Powder
crop of onions worth one's time PLANTING CELERy.-B. H. Aldenof We see no reason why this might not ::
and money on a sod which is not Lawtey, the most successful growerof be done in Florida, even in North Fair.Highest. Award. t

completely turned down and coveredup. the State, thus writes : "I commence Florida, with advantage. In this way How TO SELL.-Messrs. Chubb &

Crabgrass does,not make a deep sowing seed in June, sowingan ,the cane comes up early in the ,spring Ward of Winter Park, write: "Please .;

sod, and when managed as above de- occasional seedbed for four months, and has a long growing season in i say in your paper that we can fill no ;
scribed the planting and culture can and sowed eight varieties. which to perfect maturity and rich more orders this year for the Phenom-

be carried on with satisfaction. "I began setting plants in the field ness. Canes are said to have grown enal strawberry plants.] -

Run over the beds at least a dozen I I about October, continuing to set some by this method with thirty matured "Moral.-If you have anything to

times with the cutaway harrow. Then each month until in January. Throws e joints. sell advertise it in the FARMER AND ';

scarify thoroughly with an old fashioned set in November and December MULCH FOR IRISH POTATOES.t FRUIT GROWER."

spike tooth (which still has its I did the best, brought the most money, pays to cut and save; the crabgrass .
place in good faiming) ,to collect the and with the least work. It was set with which to mulch the potato seed Several of the Tampa factories have

grass roots and straw that may be still I in single TOWS four feet apart and six for the fall crop. Strewn along'the at various times imported over$.zoooo, ;

on the surface. Lift one side of the or seven inches apart in rows about row on the seed, covered and firmed worth of tobacco at one shipment.







r .

t To Fight Cutworms. Poultry. the feather making material in their VICK'S NEW ENTERPRISE.Ssed .

These less blood to secrete and start new feathers
pests are.always more or .
active in Florida especially in the fall. simultaneously with the dropping of House at Satsuma.
Edited by E.W.AMSDEN Ormond. Fla.
Tobacco dust or gas lime sprinkled .....- '"""-'" the old ones. In young, healthy, well James Vick's Sons of Rochester,
fowls the feathers all N. Y., have opened a branch seed
kept are formed
abQut a plant before they begin,their The Way of One Poultry Woman.
work will have a repellant effect but and ready to shoot through the skin, house at Satsuma, Putnam county,

after they have foothold; it I rise to speak, and my theme shall forcing the old ones to drop before Fla., and have appointed Dr. J. B.
once a
got be the OLC thing only that I profess to Henion of Satsuma .
of has as
is difficult to drive them Prof.C. any appearance moulting taken general agent
away. understand, the management of the for the South. Vick's
V. place. seed hous; is _
U. S.
Riley, Entomologist,
: hen. I have now 500 on the place With advancing years the blood and one of the oldest, largest, and most

says The most successful under and not an ailing one in the lot. I pigment of the skin lose their richness, reliable any in the United States;
means i
They are also free from vermin and and the of Vick is
these conditions is' by the distributionof and coloring matter. The plumageof name sufficient
are beginning to moult. One hun- old fowls tends to a shade lighter guarantee for their seeds; ail orders
baits. These
poisonous may con- dred and fifty of the number are hens, south of North Carolina
sist of every year. All birds should be plen- should: be
clover other
freshly or succulent -
and besides raising 350 young chicks, addressed to Dr. B.
vegetation poisoned with Paris tifully fed before and during the J. Henion, Sat-
and using all the eggs we desired, I nutritious suma, Fla. Orders by mail '
green and made into balls or gatheredinto moulting season on ard or express .
have sold on the average ISO dozen strengthening food. Whole wheat are prepaid. Send to Dr. Henion for

masses, so as to prevent their i' eggs for: every month since January.The and such like food and vegetables are for Vick's Guide, which is mailed

drying. One mode of accomplishing .food during the time consisted of fret: A liberal discount will
starch madeon
good. They give more and
this last is the
object by covering poisoned
wheat, oats, and rye mixed, with a all orders.
plants with boards. These poi less, oil to the b'ood, which is required large Every known
small mess of corn once a day, and this variety of seeds flowers
soned baits at period. The process of moult- plants, vege-
if intervals
placed at along ?
the during the early months all the milk ing is a serious and trying drain on tables and nursery stock will be fur
corn rows. attract a large
pro- they could consume. But, let me the system as the feathers are full of nished at the lowest rates.High .
portion of the cutworms which by.
it in the meantime
whisper they were which ..
nitrogen creates a desire for
feeding upon them, will perish. For
not left to manage things their own certain kinds of food to repair the Testimony for Florida
smaller for
areas, or garden patches,
but under strict
way, discipline and
wastes and furnish material for malting Oranges.
the same method may be followed, or
in the
the larvae may be unearthed from about brought As up of way they and go. feathers. During shedding time The Orange Judd Company lay on
a preventive parasites for
the sexes should be kept apart, thus our table a little volume *
the base of the plants, where they retire the sake of good health and which is
pure the old feathers will drop out leisurelyof replete in interest the
for concealment during the day. odors their habitation and to student of
yards were
Another method is to take a smooth themselves instead of being torn horticulture on account of the fulnessof
clean and raked and
kept swept and off the hens' bodies by the rudenessof its from
and eminentand
walking cane make smooth holes an
whitewashed and the
sitting hens, the male birds and the
new plum. disinterested
several inches intervals source. Professor
deep at going
and hatched chicks
eggs newly freely
over the same ground every day and with insect age will become established without Bailey easily ranks among the fore-
punching i in these holes to destroy the being broken, mussed or broken by most authorities in the Union.
hen inclined to sit is
worms which seek them during the dayas their useless attentions. While the On page 20, writing of the exhibitat
daubed the
on parts most likely to be process of moulting is going on, the the World's! Fair in
of he
a place concealment and tumblein. Chicago,
infected with coal oil and if she is
The patent salts, such as kainit, has still determined to sit she will best hens decline to "shell out, and says: "Florida was the only other
l the most cocks lose
American State citrus
proved of the greatest value against making a ex-
one not likely to forsake the nest when
proud and defiant looks. Even
hibit. The State made
many subterranean insects, and undoubtedly song no appropriation -
the her.
eggs are given birds become dispirited and refuse to for World's Fair
will be of value against these purposes, and
But the
most important secret and
give us the volume of melody or the the display was collected
cutworms. They have the additional entirely by
the one having the strongest bearing exquisite trill of other times. This is
private This
enterprise. fact
advantage of being good fertilizers, so accounted -
toward "luck" is that
or success
they .
that their expense as insecticides is i a time when nature exacts and provides for the small and apparently

were given plenty of pure, cold taxes and compensates. It it show which under liberal
more than offset by their value to the poor sup.
water. This I contend is far
also time that the
fowls need
a more have been
and the port, might It
crop to land. essential than food if have very large.
they care and strengthening food to pass must also be said that the Florida fruitis
___ _
: a wide range, and the one thing needful them safely over the
process. earlier than that from the Pacific
to their health, to say nothing of ,
The Danger of Water Filters. Deafness Cannot be Cured and was nearly out of season when
comfort during hot weather. Yes
Somewhat of a surprise was created attention, to details is what counts, so, By local applications; as they cannot the Fair opened. The Florida sectionwas

reach the diseased portion of the at the north end of the north
recently by Dr. Swarts of the Rhode do not expect to sit at your ease and ear.

Island Medical Society, who declared at the same time reap a rich reward There is only one way to cure deaf- curtain. The varieties of orangeswere

that water filters, as regards their from the chicken business. If ness,and that is by constitutional reme- Hart's Tardive and Seedlings,
you dies. Deafness is caused inflamed all more or less russeted. An arch of
worth for purifying water, are a fail- are really concerned for their well by an

ure. According to this noted scientist being and want them to thrive and condition of the mucous lining russets spanned the central passage-

not alone are they worthless as pocket book to fat of the Eustachian Tube. When this way, flanked by a cocoanut tree, and.
your grow you
tube is inflamed have it was one of the striking effects of
a rumbling
water purifiers, but their use is ex- will constitute yourself doctor and you

tremely dangerous to health. As generalissimo of the whole sound or imperfect hearing, and whenit the early days of the Fair. The

proof of this assertion Dr. Swarts took ment. You will have a manage-hospital is entirely closed Deafness is the Florida oranges ke better than the California

some !unfiltered! water. in which he where. the. wnnnrif. or ailintr mav result! and unless _the inflammationcan ones, notwithstanding their earlier
-- --- ------- -- ------ ----
showed thirty-six different specimensof receive their just and timely care, andto be taken out and this tube restoredto season, and their quality was unsur-
its normal condition will passed. Grape fruits were also shown
animal and hearing i
vegetable matter, pour- relieve the most common, will
ed this through a filter which had been rub fresh wounds with pure lard and be destroyed forever. Nine cases out from Florida. In July the Florida

in use for two days, and created con turpentine, and roup you will treat of ten are caused by catarrh, which is display perished, and the space was
siderabie nothing but an inflamed condition of taken by Nebraska and Kansas, an t
surprise by that
proving as twice a day with a mixture of grease
the was later filled with bountiful
surfaces.We exhibitsof
the water passed through the filter and kerosene over the head and in the mucous "

there were thousands of new germs mouth. For lice you will keep a clean will give One Hundred Dollars handsome apples.

added to it. In explanation of this house and nests, plenty of lime about, for any case of Deafness (caused by We have italicized the sentence to
the doctor that catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's which we wish to call attention. It is
the filter
says as and as a reserve for the foe, plenty of
used from day to day it collects the insect powder, and no harm to the Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars; free.F. unusual to see the keeping quality of

impure substances, and these, as is chick but sure death to the other J. CHENEY & Co., Florida oranges placed above that of

readily seen, render the water more "critters."-Western Rural. Toledo, O. California oranges, and it is probablethat

impure than when no filter is used at Sold by Druggists, 75C. : their russet skins had somethingto
-e. do in securing this verdict from the
all that unless
so some method is devised
Late Moult. Mr. C. A. Heath has been away for distinguished horticulturist.
which filters
by can be thor-
That fowls shed as other animals do several weeks, but we hear that he is -
oughly cleaned at least once a day, *Annals of Horticulture In North America.
is a fact which few farmers recognizeas expected back this week with another
For the Year ,
it is discretion to dispose of their 1893 Comprising An Account of the
use of any importance, if they think of carload of Jersey milk cattle. Messrs.C. L.Horticulture H. Bailey.of the Columbian Expo'ition. By

entirely.Mr. it at all. Upon the subject the Amer- A. and C. H. Heath have been -..

ican Poultry Journal says: Old fowls i quite successful in their business. Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder

Dan Foley, of Killarney, made generally moult later every year. We i Several of the coming carload are already Most Perfect Made.

over $1,000 clear of all expenses on are accustomed to say and believe sold, and the others will last .--

Irish potatoes this year; he only planted this, but it is not the slow sheddingof only a few days. Fresh milk and The Sun says there are now twenty

four and a half acres and did not the feathers that retards the pro- fresh butter are getting to be quite persons residing in North Gainesville,

give: them any extraordinary care.- cess as much as it is the growth of the common.Melbourne Item in Titus all from the same neighborhood in

Orlando Sentinel. new. Old and feeble, .,.birds have, not ville Star. King county, Virginia. ,

..' 4I '.' -





S4 ,- ,' .; -- -

,. ,., ,- ,-" _.. --- '.._, -'. ----- .- .., -- -.
editor in-chief for many past favors, Awarded
I State. News. Our Rural 1 Home
:. I am yours, gratefully, Highest Honors-.World's F.;
Edited. by MINNIE ] .
Our attention was called the other 'i' )
Thomas, la. A
St. f Cellar.
day to a neat device 1 by: which, ,our : For Our Rural Home. .- ,

fruit and vegetable shippers may geta DEAR FRIENDS :-As the first ,year We have a cellar, 12 x 12, under
check. on the returns.received from of my editorial duties is closing, ,I part of our house, with stairway down
their consignments to commission" wish'to, express my sincere thanks for into it from the kitchen and from the

houses. A postal card addressed. <; to the generous assistance given in fill- outside. It:is built from:rough stone,
the shipper is placed :within each ing the columns of this department, found around here, and the walls are
crate, upon which 'the purchaser of well for seeds and
as as plants, qther over a foot thick. There is nothingbut
the fruit fills out blanks showing from favors.
personal the clay floor.
whom, he bought the 'fruit,. its grade ''Much interest has been taken in Three small screen windows and a RA.i..t.

and condition, 'and, the price paid. Our Rural 'Home, and I trust it. will screen door below the steps leadingup
'This is mailed to the shipper. Upon not flag during the coming year. That outside allow free circulation' of ,. '

the outside of each crate the shipper. our united. :efforts'to make it both'in- air. There is a light door above the

stencils the following: "Caution::; Donot teresting and. instructive are appreciated screen door which may be left open POWR'
< buy this package unless the Re the many kind letters received when desirable. This cellar .is cool

port Postal Card is,'found inside,Itcover. the testify: and'insect proof,. but rats will find away MOST'PERFECT MADE ,

."-Titus ville Advocate. "The Home Department is certainly." 'in, and so'' we have a safe for A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. ffot

Florida might well follow the lead; much improved," writes one. "You' such things as they can injure.. from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant \\
of Tennessee in publishing such info have helped me so much;" "I (find:"!. Whitewash and lime freely' scat 40 YEARS THE' STANDARD. ; ,

mation as will enable the people:to engage cannot,do ,without your pleasant letters tered keep this cellar in good order, .
in an intelligent way in the gath- ;" "am one of the busy mothers, and' we'keep'our sweet potatoes in it Florida thy prospects eclipse 'hy

ering and marketing. of medicinal : but' must,.write a line to tell you how'much all winter. It is also the, place for brightest sunshine. H. \V.1-I.

plants; roots, l leaves.and flowers which I .you..have .helped me in many canned fruit, 'syrup, salt meat; butter Florida, the home of the invalid,

would under such guidance be a source I ways" and, milk. Fresh:meat is never reached the heaven of the sportsman, the hopeof
of profit to many persons and an indirect .- "You do splendidly'* ; hope you are by the- flies-- ; arid this- is- the only place the poor man, ,the resort and pastime -
benefit to the State. Florida is ; well. remunerated. where;it' is safe of the wealthy, the and
: every
rich in natural products and,ought to "It 1 is really much improved; I like Our house, ''is on a common pine anything the industrious man choosesto

be made a source of profit( insteadof it, but can't you give us more of your ridge, with sand about one foot deep, make her. J. E. M. H.

going to waste as at present. In poems ?," and clay foundation If one has ac What I have seen of Florida I pre-

this line there are many ,herbs 1: roots, "The articles on building alone" are cess to ice, this cellar is the ideal fer to live in it to any country I have
l leaves, flowers and berries of rare worth the subscription price. place' for the ice chest. S. F. lived in. In Scotland many years, a
medicinal virtues and others which "1 am glad 'to'read how others Walton County.Sentiments little in England, a number of
would be found useful as food pro- have found their way out of difficul- in Canada, but I would not leave
ducts and in various manufacturing ties that beset the new comer and I from a Florida. Album. :I Florida' return to of them.
industries.-Orlando Rep rter. want to thank you for your very val i For our Rural Home. J." K.
uable assistance '; etc.I The below from
tome, etc., I quotations are my
We learn that,while the'Hon. C. F. NOTE.-This was writen by a dear
might fill a ,column with quota- autograph album, writen by Canadians -
old Scotch lady who ended her days
A. Bielby was at our beach, it was '
tions of this kind from letters received who are residents, or rather who
Smith in her beloved Florida at a ripe,old
with him Messrs.
arranged; by ,
during' the, past. six .months; but forbear have visited Florida. The main ob
Hand and others to have the Florida friends think of the album their of .
lest my me easily ject was opinion age.I
. Fruit Exchange build a first)' class flattered. It was always said of me our fair land. The initials only are am a believer in Florida, but we
packing house: at Daytona for the that I was devoid of vanity; whetherit given below. have much to learn. We want to
convenience'' shippers of know what to do when ,and,how,to
oranges be true or not, these kind words Lovely Florida, I leave thee with ,
lemons, etc., This is a very;important will not spoil me, they only stimulateme deep regret. C. M. D. do it, then Florida will be justly en-
and will fill much needed titled her "Fair Flor-
enterprise a to sobriquet-
\ to greater effort.If I have, done A. R. H., originally of CP., of '
want: Oranges can be put up in a ida," and will blossom as the rose.
dried smoothed
any good; tear, outa Q.y;Canada. Think Florida the
much better manner than in the F R. A.
frown, shown any busy woman howto adise of the tramp and lazy, where
atless: cost and be properly Florida is the place for me. Flor-
grove, ,
find hour's l leisure how
an to lighten revel in sunshine without
graded and stenciled. It will ,also be labor, that perhaps must' be incessant ::;- they shovelling can ida is the land of the, free (to dp
a great assistance in the marketing of her home snow. right) and the home, of those
how to appreciate new
fruit, as it. enables buyers to inspect here, 1 am indeed thankful arid happy I'am leaving Florida today, but I. who are willing to make a
oranges without visiting 'numberless not without regret. Her climate: has home. ,Comfort found,as well
and small and' that fact made a new man of me, and I hopeere in
groves, great Pressing home duties that tax the a palmetto shanty as a \
will bring many of them to our town to and both long to return again and enjoythe roof, if new settlers only try and
strength, a correspondence, .
examine and purchase Halifax: or- friendly and in the interests Florida balmy air and sunshinh. Christ lives in their hearts.
-Halifax'Journal. E. McF.A MRS. B. K. S.
(though being no paid "agent, I
"' good place for the poor man ; a I have been here three years' and
St. receive thanks
The .Augustine News,Describes a ask and only from enquirers .
better spot for the invalid ; but the like the country, though every country -
all leisure.
scheme for protecting oranges frbnr ), that occupies' my '
best country for'the man'willing to doa has its drawbacks. ,A ,untercan't
frost, which will\ be tested on Mr.Flagler's. I am prevented from giving this.,department -
little to help himself. W.. H. A. all the squirrels off
get one tree.
grove at San Mateo,: The the attention it should perhaps ''
Shipped from Montreal, Canada, to .,G. W.
idea is to have supply of pine posts, have.
cut. from saplings, say about, five, feetlong Let us, friends, work together to E. G.; I think the climate 'in Florida delightful -

and four, inches,square. Saturate make it all it ought ,to be=a ,source I, Elizabeth. Caroline, C. B. of and the scenery beautiful l and
these posts in crude petroleum all day of pleasure and. profitable instruction L-=--, Ont, Canada. : do hereby certify picturesque in the extreme: ,and worth
and stick them in the ground in rows to every reader in& every home where ,that Florida' on the whole, that is along journey j ,to see. "Here: everlasting -

between the trees, about ten 'feet I THE' FARMER AND FRUIT 'GRowER ,to< say, ,as far as 'I have been. or experienced spring abides, and never f failing

apart; when night ,comes: on apply,alight enters. To this end 'the wishes' of and ,especially M- and flowers." M. .E. T.

to _the tops of these 'posts'arid subscribers should be consulted, and Hillsborough river, and, more espe Although my residence in Florida,
they will burn for '''hours. The flame suggestions :as to. improving! these cially Jupiter! is1 and are the'most'delightful on the Indian river has been some

supplies a good heat and the petro- columns will be gladly' received. : the most perfect, as to climate what limited, I am constrained to say
leum makes a dense smoke which Will each ,interested reader: of Our pretty days, cool nights, &c., that my impressions of country and
also keeps'off frost; thus the grove Rural Home send' 'me a 'few suggestions &c.,,&c.-nearer. perfection than any climate are of an exceedingly favora-

could be easily protected.: These please ? A, postal card, with a place I have ever. had the good fortune ble nature. It ,may not ,be out of

cold nights ,come very seldom and it few lines, will take but a minute, ,of and pleasure. to visit' place to ,make mention, that on Indian
would be well worth the time and lit- time, and all will be ,well .considered, E. C. C.. B. river there are good breezes night and

tie expense. for it might be the, means I while the wishes of the majority shall her x mark. day. S. T. H. McElFlorida

of saving a large'crop: ., r.he'expense govern, ,if possible, whatever may be Signed, sealed and delivered in but for its snake stories i ,
of this would be very little ,outside of the changes made.: presence of -. snake skins and snakes (in i imagination

labor.. The crude, petroleum. can be Hoping my :friends, the contributors Mrs. T. B. C- of P-, On- ), is everything desired, and

purchased ,in JacksonvIlle. for, four to 'whom so much is due, will tario, Canada, thinks Florida perfection -, its people most kind. and hospitable.M. .'

cents, a gallon.. still! stand, by, me, and thanking our all but a cow.' C. M'E.


_- 11
; ,..'. > ,:. ... .. ::!.:..: .-_< '" ." -:>..;.,.,,,,<-,.. ." ."",
; .... 0'



'.... ._- .,'.



I .
I '- -
To me the following shall likely be plete for that stage. Sprinkle with,' StrawberryGrowing for Women. the Department of Agriculture at

lasting impressions, viz : salt inside and outside and set ForOarRural'Home.n r T r '*''''' ] Washington; D. C.. and ,in reply re

F-lagler, flowers, fruit, fish, fowls, upright in any vessel that* will A,strawberry: :bed should: be in each, ceived a l letter saying it was Cynodon
fleas, flies, 'fight-prize( ), fertilizer, hold water enough to cover it garden, :-for?it' adds pleasure and 'can dactylon,,,or Bermuda grass. Manyof

friends, friendships, fun, farewells. and more. Take other melon or be made profitable to our'homes.' In us growers' did not agree to its being -

L-emons, limes, lakes,. loons, lizards water melon rind prepared in the : small gardens, where the horse'cannot i Bermuda. for this'reason, viz.: the

launches, lunches, landings, la same way and having secured some be used!, beds about five. ,feet; wide;l St.: Lucie. : is a surface runner, while
dies. suitably shaped leaves such"as small i with the plants set eight,to. ten inches the Bermuda is subterranean or one of

oranges, oleanders, oaks, olives, mulberry, oak, grape leaves, orange or each way itf rows, :will be' found better which the stalk runs a distance under

otter, ocean, oysters, oleomargarine. any'you fancy, lay the upper side of than'rows.- ** This ,bed should. be. the surface of'the 'soil and1"'springs!up __
R-oses, roaches, rats, razor-backs, the leaf on a piece of rind and with well broken up and', manured. ''* at the joints. The St. ''Lucie has as

rattlers, rubber-trees, rivers, rowing, a sharp, narrow-bladed knife cutout Not-allkinds_ will;do well on 'sucha small a leaf, but'grows on the surface_
rushes, rabbits; Rockledge, Royal- the shape of the leaf. The mid ribs bed, but ,Michel i,_ Alabama -and much like,the St. Angustine grass.It

Poinciana. and veins have to be made .in ,tiny Wilson will. If more than one bed is a brighter green than, the Bermuda,

I-ntroductions, impressions, in- grooves instead of ridges;' notch :the is wanted, a space of two' or'th're and ,keeps'' better 'color. i in',our win..

sects, islands, inlets, ice-factories, edges finely. feet between each two ;beds' shouldbe -ter. '

Indians, ichthyophagists, idleness, When a sufficient quantity has been l left for, convenience_ : in workingand Cattle and fowls eat it with avidity. '
injunctions, ignorance of art. prepared place them in and around picking.i It ,has a great advantage over the Bermuda ,. -p
D-emocrats. "Dagos," ducks, the basket, and pour sufficient salt Inhe"last FARMER AND FRUIT in ,that>it is easily eradicated. "

deer, doves, dates, drummers, delightful water over them to cover well. Over GROWER; on the editorial page; 'will In two months'time,.:if cared for, the
dynamite, dames, damsels, this put a thick layer of grape or or be found an' article headed ""Straw: lawn mowercan'be'used.:

depopulation,. departures.A ange leaves, and leave them so twenty- berriesThen- and. Now' 'What'. -,'the....' We have had some of the sod removed -
i -'tlantic, Augustine, Alcazar, four hours. Next drain off the brine, editor-siys! about the ;good 'strawbepries : like any Northern sod. and it
aromas, artesian, apples-pine( ), ants, wash the rinds in plenty of cold water. not-0 standing! 'transportation i ; is has taken.well.." "

alligators,. Africans, arms, Alice, Place a thick layer of leaves in the true, therefore-they are''''not found in 'if any of the readers of THE FARMER -

Alicia, art-abhored, autograph-albums bottom of the kettle, put in the'rinds our market c 'Yet,there is,"a. demand AND FRUIT' GROWER would like to

and Mr. ,and Mrs. N. E. and the S. cover with cold 'water, add alum for. : just'such berries as1': are ..sp.okeJf?f try some St. Lucie I .can send them

Amen. H. C. enough to taste slightly rough, and in that.article. Here is a ,want that roots-at'the rate' of twenty-five cents

Dear old often abused Florida. another layer of leaves, and boil hard women Can' PpJY and make' a'better per hundred,

"With all thy faults I love thee still" for half an hour. Again drop the and more independent living than postpaid.J.. NESBITT. '

and burning equally bright is the love rinds in plenty of cold water and many' do as clerks and teachers: Atlantic P. O.

for fair, sweet Canada, my native when cool put again into a kettle as When once it becomes known that It will facilitate matters- in the.future
home. M. E. D. full as it will hold without boiling over, extra fine fruit can be got, there will if those who wish the pawp'aw melon

'Tis very sweet to dream away a few of cold water, putting in the be no trouble to get rid i of i it at good i seeds also send their addressed

months between the lovely Indian leaves each time, and boil an prices. I know:of-one, near Mobile; envelopes direct to the. above: ad

river and dear old ocean. I love the hour. Remove again into cold who has sold all her berries away dress. "Ed., O. R. H.

home of my adoption with its soft water and by tasting small bits, find above the market price, and even then .

breezes, blue skies, and sunny days, out whether the least suspicion of alumor could have sold more. Right here America for. the Poor Man.

but will always feel like joining hear- salt is retained, and ,if there is, one of the most successful growers To begin with! the* humbler kind

tily in singing'"God save the Queen!" leave the rinds in water until free from and shippers is a woman. : of work is better paid in America than

and "Heaven; bless the maple leaf both. When ready' for the sugar Anyhow what would most of us with us, 'the higher'kind 'worse._ The

forever. 'l"!! E. E. D.. weigh one and: a quarter pounds of strawberry- growers do without' her official: i l, for instance,. gets ;less, his
sugar to each pound of fruit. More aid? In fact, from what I have seen, ; office-keeper: ,gets more. The public

Old Time Preserves. water is required in this t than in juicy she is the main stay 'of the business, ways'are'abominably: cut. ,up by :rails
For Our Rural Home. fruit. Put the sugar, water ,and rinds and it's a wonder to' me why 'more'have and blocked with; but'-'the
In response to your request that. I altogether in the kettle and; let it heat 'not made it a' means of" a livelihood inconvenience' is for those who use
send you something on the old time with a Afterit :
covering plate.
slowly, and cabs the
private : ; = convenience -
methods of making fancy preserves, I begins to boil keep it as near one JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.Grand -is for the bulk of the community -
took down my old book in which mymother possible if the boils Bay,Ala.
thing as
syrup up who ''but''for the hor e
made me take down her in-
and then down it will scorch on
goes I would have to walk.l The ordinary
structions. She did not like to tell us the kettle., Remove the plate after St. Lucie Grass. I II
not but
I railway cars are ,
girls how to do the same thing too For Odr Rural.Home: j
fifteen and
or twenty boiling they are .cheap, and they--,are ,better\
often. I am glad: she made me write skim often as needed having the In a recent issue the subject of:
as furnished and in winter
own receipt book for it seems to was brought forward again,; -. are warmer
my kettle open. When the syrup is thick grasses than r' third-class carriages in England.Luxuries .
best because took and mention was made of the aboveas !
me they are the we enough and the rinds are
transparentall I have
are, as saidvery
and then had not lawn: hardiness was enquired ;:
more pains, we so over they are done, but be sure to grass; dear above all luxuries
much else to do. None of the drudgery cook the rinds as long as the syrupor 'about, and I must say I cannot European is ;
I 1 huta: workingman's clothing nearlyas
of laid answer how frost would/affect it.
housekeeping was on us, the latter will get thin after standing in and
not even the sweeping of a floor, if awhile. White sometimes The name is entirely local;and arose; cheap England, plain
did not to do it and spots from 'a party of ladies taking a trip i food is on the'w ole.hea'per... Even
we care yet every appear but take up a piece so spottedand luxuries of a certain kind. withina
wise mother required her girls to learnto if on exposure to the air the'whitedisappears down Indian River some eight ,years! are '
man's reach. I havementioned
do the nice work of making They stopped at Mr. JameS'Paine's" laboring? easy ,
pre- it i is all right and requires ago. ice I- will mention fruit
serves, cakes, etc., how to order a but little more boiling: If the sugar St Lucie postoffice, 'where also., 'The abundance and
house, and to train her own servants is not perfectly free from glucose the there is beautiful. green lawn of''this !
-fruit is boon. to of
a people
and "care for them. But I am off the will be dull and clorl This grass. ,One of the ladies". asked Mr. : great
preserves y. small incomes America.Matthew
subject. We will take for a begin- basket is not intended; to bet*cut upon Paine the name of it., He could not., Arnold.
in the of fancy work tell what it was, or where,it came:from.
ning way its first or even second, appearance I I' ._____ ___
.MELON BASKET PRESERvEsTakea upon the table, but to be's t on a Mr. Paine gave the lady some roots of ,
green,musKmelon about the size ofa dish, filled with the 'daintily; carved the grass, which she'planted on her Bradley Rtdfldd. Eugene B.Redfleld..

large cocoanut, larger will do, but leaves and plainer pieces laid around : lawn, with:, 'Bermuda, in, :Melbourne. REDFIELD:ESTABLISHED&1871.SON,
there must be no hint of ripening it'or on another dish. v f' :The difference between the two grasses _
about it cut off about one-third from was so evident.that the St. Lucie"soon Commission' :Merchants
; this will much
I guess cccupy as .. .., ., .
the blossom end pare the outside editor will allow and So 'II rose'into favor above the Bermuda: '
space as our ---:-AND-
green rind and take out pulp and must wait till some future time to'draw. Every one put out..St. Lucie, 'as the Auctioneers .
seeds, leaving only the firm green again upon my old book.t roots, could be procured, and now Fruit ,
flesh of the melon. With a sharp AUNT FANNY. there are no'finerf,lawns in'tlie'North 141 Bock Street, Philadelphia, Ja.
than be around Melbourne of We handle aU kinds of Fruits--and Vegetables,
,knife the natural can seen
pointed deepen Marianna Fla. .
either at private sale(which has heretofore been
creases in the largest portion until it .. .. this :grass: At Sarno, the, new and our custom)or by the"auction system (recenUy.
\looks .fluted: Scrape lightly until A woman is said to be like a pin. coming ;winter home community, near added,to our:business)as you may desire '

smooth, then notch or scallop the She has a'' head of her own and fa Eau Gallie, can be seen a 'fine' lawn I

edge at the open end to .correspond point to carry. She will [make herself tennis court carpeted
with the ridges and grooves in the useful and shine wherever she is ful, bright:green grass. ORCHARDS.Write
But her crooked and, I"-TKe-'writer some six ._ .. .
outside. Cut off enough from the placed. get years ago, for and list. -
.Catalogue price
stem end to flatten so that it will somebody is going to get hurt, and if. wanted''the: botanical name' of the JENNINQS' NURSERY CO., '
stand upright and your basket is com she loses her head she is worthless. grass,' and therfore, sent 'samples to Thom..Ule, On
", ,.., ,r' .-!' t. ,"\ ;, ir. .

.. ,_ :'., 4i.<_
'..."' .. '.- ', ....

F .



TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION COMES UP TO THE BRAG. the calculations of the growers, while that a gentleman would select for his
For One Year ...............................12.00 the Delaware does
For Six:: Month........................ ..... 1.00 The Jersey City Printing Comt peach crop sometimes family.If .
In Foreign Countries ......S................ .3ooSubscriptions t justify in the outcome their short the shipper could know before-
in all cases cash in pany report increased sales of crop prophecies. The Florida orange hand that his consignment of choice

advance. No discount allowed on one's their Fair and Square printed crop always, with only one exception peas or cucumbers would be dumpedor
subscription( in'cl1b), but!<>
own except
i fruit Florida has been larger each than him
all a liberal cash commission.will wrappers among our year bring only postage-stanmHe-

he awed on all subscriptions obtainedby growers this season. We are that of the preceding year, even under I turns, he could then cart it to tffe cannery -
them. Write for terms. the most extraordinarily exceptional and accept a witha
cannery price
.... To every new subscriber we will send, not, surprised at this since their circumstances. The time will doubt- good grace. But the gambling ele-

postpaid ing in ,Florida.a copy"of For Whitner's two new""Garden sub- 1i 1 printing is first rate and their less come when the crop will fluctuate ment in the shipment of Florida fruits

scribers, at $2.00 each, we. will send, method of doing business' one both ways, some years being smaller and truck is so strong that it will always -

postpaid", a copy of Moore's "Orange 1 that insures the customer abso- than the year before ; but that time is interfere materially with canning
Culture. not yet. factory schemes.
Rates of advertising on application.Remittances ]lute certainty that he gets what There are bets in Jacksonville on a There must be good discretion usedin

postal note. 'money should order be made or registered by check, ]he is paying for. We believe crop larger than last year's, and THE this matter. Some refuse productsare

letter to order'of; The Jersey City Printing Com- FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, while worth canning and others are not.

r' Y-t FARTHER A2tD"FRUIT GROWER pany is a thoroughly honorableand not approving the habit, cannot fail ; Even vinegar and fruit extracts shouldnot
,.- Jacksonville. Fla. to recognize the business shrewdnesswith be manufactured from
house and ,it is wormy
trustworthy which veteran betters generally half rotten specimens.

NOTICE only natural that business done place their wagers.Of Floridians who look at the matter

in the spirit they manifest should. course, we would not insult the rightly have very little need of any

If you receive a copy of this show a continual and steady in- growers by intimating that the betting : canned articles anyhow. Canned
paper which you did not order, fraternity know more about in
oranges peas February are by no means as
consider it an invitation to sub- cr ase. We will ask our other than they do. The betters simply appetizing as cauliflower fresh from

scribe. If you do not want it, advertising patrons to note that study the statistics which show the the garden. No vegetable that comes

kindly hand it to a neighbor. The Jersey City Printing Com- inexorable gain of the output year out of tin is so delicious as a Hubbard

pany, who have placed their ad- after year. t m squash, grown in summer it is true,
CONTENTS. but laid away in a cool place and
vertisement this year in every Dried and Canned Products.
easily kept until midwinter or until
THE The West
Coast PINERY-The.Pineapple-R; Vegetables vs. Pineapples; ........ 579 Florida newspaper in the orange The Anglo-Saxon race has had its spring, for that matter.

GROVE AND ORCHARD-Calomel For Pear district, report that their answers home for two thousand years in a cold Let us who have worked and writ-
Blight; Nitrate of Potash and Nitrate of climate where it is
for six
Soda; Wild Blackberries; The Surinam from the Farmer and Fruit Grower necessary ten so much against the "tin can era"not
Cherry SRo months or more to store away food in
be too a hurry to recruit
great a
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Strawberry Culture exceed those from all other for man and beast against the rigors of
No. 3; Pistillate Strawberries and I company for the great solder brigade.
Their Pollenizttipn 581 Florida papers combined. the remaining six. In the semitropical ._._

Seasonable Work ............................. 582 .. climate of Florida the same habit, A Vindictive< Official.

POULTRY-The Moult.Way of One Woman; Late 583 The Coming Orange Crop.In ground into our ancestors by a hard President Wedderburn, of the Vir-

High Testimony for Florida Oranges 583 necessity, still continues to a great ginia State Grange, whom Secretary
OUR RURAL HOME-Editorial Address; A another column the Executive extent, especially with Northern peo- Morton of the of
Cellar; Sentiments from a Florida Album 584 Committee of the Florida Fruit Ex- Agri-
arrived in
ple lately the State.
culture scored in his
Old Time Preserves; Strawberry Growing recently reportto
for Women; St. Lucie Grass; 'America change, through their annual circular, If people? ] insist on having dried Congress, says that Mr. Morton'sunfriendliness
for the Poor Man 585 give their views as to the dimensionsof
I apple pies or canned apple pies, of toward him dates backto
EDITORIAL-Orange Crops of the Past Dried
; the coming
and Canned Products; The Coming Or- orange crop. course the dried or canned stock must the Fiftieth and Fifty first Con-
ange Crop; A Vindictive Official Conies The committee seem to have
; no figures be at hand from which to
prepare when Wedderburn
Upto the 586 gresses, ( ) was
Orange Crop for 1894-5; Markets............ 587: or canvass except those of the them. Doubtless there are plenty of fighting for a pure lard bill that was
Peaches in Georgia 588 State Agricultural Bureau upon which such people who.have not yet out- pending. Mr. Wedderburn
MISCELLANEOUS-Phosphate in All Forms; to base their opinion, and these are of lived the habits says con-
of childhood but it
The Bark of Fruit Trees....... 589 p ; cerning the matter:
Weather and Crops; How California Fruit very little value (not saying anything, would be an easy argument to show "Morton then represented the Chi.

Growers Co-operate 590 however, against the excellent inten- that it is more agreeable to the palate, syndicates of lard adulterators.
tions and honest endeavors of Com-
wholesome to the stomach and
eco- When the vote was taken in the Houseit
.. Orange Crops of the Past. missioner Womb well to ascertain the nomical to the purse to pluck a seed- stood 170 for pure lard, 23 for adul-

Following are the official figures of facts). All estimates based upon the less Japan persimmon fresh from the ; teration. Morton and his lobby were
the Florida views of the growers themselves are tree in October and it with
orange crops shipped ouof t eat cream badly whipped. Morton's animosityto
the-State each year since the Fruit essentially untrustworthy and value and sugar, or an orange in January, any legislation in the interests of

Exchange has had an existence: less. This is the reason why the Fruit and eat it from the hand, or strawberries pure food has developed a mania that

Boxes. Exchange itself has abandoned all at- in March and drown them in a the farmers of this country should

84-85 . . . 600,000 tempt to canvass the crop. capacious saucer with Jersey cream. like the American hog hold their ,
85-86 . .. . 900,000 Four years ago, as an experiment, Why bother with a silo in the sul- their furrows and eyesto
86-87 . . . 1,260,000 the Exchange sent a trusted and careful weather of and root for a living
87-88 . .. . 1,450,000 officer the St. try July August whenit rather than look up and enjoy the
88-89 . . '. 1,950,000 up Johns River in is so easy to sow a field of winter blessings of intelligence."

89-90 . . . 2,150,000 July, with instructions to visit in per- oats or Florida rye, tether the cow on .4

90-91 . . . 2,450,000 son every grove along the river from it or mow it and give it to her in the Mr. H. M.
91-92 . . Palatka Flagler, through his
3.761,843 Jacksonville to and get his in- stable, and enjoy milk, cream and
92-93 . . . 400,000 dividual estimate of his This butter free from taint of agents going to make some important -
93-94 . . 5,055,367 duty and crop. any musty changes on his farm at Hastings.On .
was performed the figures feed? Hay or corn fodder is well lot
a which has
35-acre ,
placed on record, and yet the actual enough for work stock, but for milk been recently
cleared of
With the as fine a of riceas
of the crop
opening East Coast exceeded
output esti
every grower's cattle green feed is so much
superior could be
line of railroad to Lake Worth, and mate from one half to two thirds. that a judicious farmer would netting about
the of its ultimate i 1,200 bushels, he will plant twentyfiveacres
prospects extension One of the most tireless and ener- accept the dried forage as a gift. We !
of this in
to the waters of Biscayne Bay, getic men who ever figured in the are far from certain yet that clover of and a grove of fine orange
many of the old] institutions traffic grape fruit trees. The grove will
customs orange one several
year spent some variety, especially on flatwoods
and methods of the be arranged so that it can be protectedfrom
Indian river weeks in traveling and visiting the lands, will not become a staple winter frost in
country are fast disappearing. Someof growers, yet his estimate fell short of pasture for cows. cold weather by irriga-

them have already gone forever. the crop harvested by 1,700,000 boxes! As to canned goods, it will be a tion, there being plenty of water, a

But the trading boat is still in evi- The FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER long while before the culls and leav- good subsoil of clay and excellent

dence, although not holding its own used to send out postal cards to the ings of Florida fruits and drainage. Work on this grove will
in the onward march of civilizationon and these .00 0 .vegetables. begin at once.-St. Augustine News.
growers figure on but missed Will DC aoie to compete in me me markets .
the east coast. Time was when the mark so widely that it abandonedthe with Northern fruits and
vegeta- During what have been
the settlers we pleasedto
depended almost entirely useless labor some years ago. bles grown especially to be canned call the excessive hot weather of

upon these floating stores for their The Florida orange crop is the most and not culled over for shipment. A the past few days for this section the
supplies, and there was a fleet of intractable and
astonishing in small
orange may as good as any thermometer in the rotunda of the
fully thirty of them between Ormond the United States. It beats the Delaware ] I for wine or marmalade and a small pearas Royal Poinciana has never gotten
and the
Jupiter river. Now there for
peach crop eccentricitythatis good for perry or vinegar, but the higher than eighty seven. This, too,
are seven of them, as nearly as can in some respects. Its defective
eccentricity vegetables
be learned. not ship- with the building closed.-West Palm
is that it always, invariably, outruns ment are not exactly the sort of food Beach Gazetteer.

o. ";'. .

I y


! .


The Orange Crop of 1894-5. isfactory prices, but not over twentyfiveper

OFFICE FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE,\ at home.cent of the last year's crop was sold FERTILIZERS

Discouraged by low prices at the be-
The Executive Committee has for some ginning of the season, the apparent
years past sent out a circular to the or- timidity or absence of buyers, and'fear- CHAPMAN & SUDLOW .
ange growers containing the best infor- ing that so large a crop would glut and ,
mation obtainable respecting the prob- overstock the market, the growers recklessly -
able extent of, the crop, the condition of consigned their fruit with results JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. .
fruit crops generally in other portions of which were generally disastrous. We Manufacturers of '

the United States, as well as abroad, and believe that if the whole crop, or the HIGH GRAng E'ER rJ.r izER51.Ground .'
such other information as would enable larger portion of it,was handled through
fruit growers to arrive at correct conclu- the; Fruit Exchange, better prices wouldbe and Steamed on Hand.Bone Every a Specialty.Kind of Caustic Raw Material Soda and at Current Flower Rates.of Sulphur Always -

sions as to the prices likely to rule in the obtained than through any other chan- -Send for Pamphlet on-

,disposition of the coming crop. nel, but inasmuch as it does not seem ORANGE TREE, PINEAPPLE AND VEGETABLE FERTILIZERS.
It is unusually difficult this year to possible as yet to bring the growers: to
forecast the extent of the crop. In some one mind in this respect, we believe it
sections where there is usually a full crop better by much to sell at home than to
only-half\ a crop is anticipated; in, others consign, which is certainly injurious to IIIIIEIT EHUSI
three-fourths, and in a few a larger crop their; interests. We cannot induce buy- BARNETT ,
than last year. .A long dry season in the ers to come so long as any large per cent- "; -
spring caused a good deal of dropping, followed age of the fruit is consigned, enablingthe BROS. 150 South! =Water St.,. Chicago,

by a late bloom, the fruitage from home competitor of the buyer to undersell DEALERS IN FRUITS. I
which was variable and uncertain. We him. FRUITS

have had a good deal of rain lately, which, We are informed that some sales have CHICAGO-! We respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables.We .
if it continues, will cause much fruit to already been made at various prices; are now making a specialty of .

split. Every year a considerable numberof ranging up to $1.25 per box on the trees, ORANGE'S
young groves come into bearing, the but the season is not yet far enough ad- ,
crop from which it is difficult to esti- vanced to establish any uniformity of
mate. and invite correspondence on markets and Prospects.
The last crop amounted to over five shall, as heretofore, use all the
million boxes,being the largest crop Florida means at our command to obtain the best We want reliable agents at all principal-shipping points.
has everproduced. From all that we prices possible. We have labored earn-

can learn the coming crop will be some- estly to obtain concessions of freight References, by permission-National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,
what less. The season has been favorablefor rates, which we think should be given. the Volusia County Bank, DeLand Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co.
the growth of the trees and fruit, and Having given you all the informationin
the fruit is generally reported as being of our power to aid your judgment in the .
good quality,and averaging brighter than matter of prices, we leave it to your own
usual. discretion to determine what price you EUROPEAN FLORIDA

Like all other agricultural products. will be satisfied to take at home, in case FOR
the prices depend on supply and de- you do not send your fruit to be marketed MARKET ORANGES.Complete
mand. Reliable correspondents abroad through the Florida Fruit Exchange. We .

inform us that the apple crop, the supply are very certain that growers realized better .
and condition of which affects the demand last from the Exchange
: advantages year arrangements have been made to handle oranges in all of the
for other fruits, is in England the than in any other way. .

worst known for many years; that Hol- Respectfully, :Fruit: : Centers of J t rope.
land has only half a crop, France a very Geo. R. Fairbanks

poor crop, and Belgium but few late ap- D. Greenleaf, September and October Shipments will pay handsomely. Write us.
ples; and. generally speaking, the apple B. M. Baer,
of Europe are exceptionally poor. H. S. Moremen,
The quantity of oranges coming from Executive Committee. THE JACKSONVILLE FRUIT AUCTION CO.
'the :Mediterranean will not exceed that

of last year, and will not compete seriously w .
flarkets.JACKSONVILLE THOS. f? TOWfiS, PJfesldeftt.y .
] with Florida. .
The apple crop in the United States,
which i is our most serious competitor, we .
are informed will be the poorest in many FLA., Sept. 14. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

years and will not exceed one-third of a FRUITS AND PRODUCE.
crop. The best of the crop will be ship- Corrected by Marx Bros. .
ped to meet the large foreign demand, These are average quotations. Extra choice An Incorporated Home Association of Orange G rowers for marketing. Florida Fruit to the
and prices at home will rule so high that lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL ).(0)
lots sell lower. BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared supply boxes and paper on
competition with us, in that quarter, will Lemons,Fla., ..... .... ' order. Write for price list and terms.
amount to but little. The peach crop of 44 Messina............ ......- 3.25
Delaware is failure Pineapples crate. .... .........-.,.3 50 to 4.00 -:OFFICE :-
a so there will be no Mangoes,crate....... .... .... ..... 150 R. F AIRBANKSkPresident. D. GREENLEAF., Vice-President.
dried or canned peaches or apples to Limes,3-peckcrates .. ... ......... 1.25 .and Treas. M. P. TURNER lOOretary.:.
compete with our fruit. This suggests Cocoanuts.... .......... ............. 4.00 DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill Bradford O. Dr. E. E. PrattGEO.
the idea of Peanuts best brand..... ............. 004 to.OS HilIsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher, Orange do.; D. Greenleaf. Duval Co.;
our giving more attention to Guavas 3-peck box ....... ........... 5<>to75 B. M. Baer. Duval Co.L A. Brady, Brevard,Co.; F. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C.V. Hillyer,
preserving our citrus fruits, for which Japan Persimmons,crate............ 50 to i.oo Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceoia Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. Moreman St.
there would be a good demand. Pears,bbl............................. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, volusia Co.;Irving Keck,Polk Co.
Three elements are to be considered II Kieffer........................ 2.50 Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils,
f as Alligator retail,each ......... .05 to.10 with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.
bearing upon_ the prices likely to be ob- Grapes. Catawba................. ....
tained for our next crop of fruit. First, Canteloupesbbl........................ 2.00 -
the amount and condition of the itself Melons. ... 05 to..10I I New York Market. from points, still Bartletts
crop Northern cabbage..............:...... .10
whether heavy or short crop, fineor Potatoes ......... ................ 2.50 Ruhlmantfe Co. : in this part of the country cannot
inferior fruit. Secondly, t.hesupply of New York potatoes 5 bbls.... .... 2.45 say compete with the California article.
apples and other fruits likely- to come i in Onions bbl ........... ................ 2.50 Lemons have taken a decided change Peaches: Market has been better this
competition. With. us in. the: home and Eggs........ --.........n.... ...-. .20 the past forty-eight hours. There is an week at an average advance of from '15

foreign markets. Third, the financial VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. advance of 75c to 1.00 per box. Florida to 20 cents a box although results are
condition of the countrywhether money Corrected by Davis &'Robinson. limes should not be shipped to this mar- still unsatisfactory there being little for
,is abundant or scarce in the hands of Onions Fla.,crate ..... ..............x.oo to 1.25 ket, as there is no demand whatsoever. the grower outside of the freight, boxes,
Yellow Yams bush........ -......... 50 to .60 understand
consumers.As Sweet Potatoes new........ .......... .50 Shippers should they are packing, etc: All this fruit is arriving in
to the extent of the Hubbard squash, bbl................. 1.50 only used three months in the year, magnificent condition, hardly any decayto
crop, assuming Cauliflower Fla.,each................. June July and August. be seen.
i the estimate of the State Agricultural Bu- Lettuce doz.,.. ....................... .25 ,
reau of 83 per be correct,it would Squash,crate................. .... Sgobel & Day say: Prices range 90c to 1.10 on the finest of
indicate off of about 20 Celery, Kalamazoo............... .. 50 to.60 Grapes: a few handsome Tokays from I it; 65 to 80c on bulk. Receipts from
a falling per Egg Plants, bbl....................... 2.00 Florida sold this week, virtually 2.00 to New Jersey have been heaviest of the
cent., not enough to be classed as a short Tomatoes. Pk.Crates.................. .35 to .50 but generally have
crop. The apple and other fruit crops Green Corn,doz ". .... ....... 25 to .30 2.50 per crate, receipts season, equal to from 50 to 70 carloads
short and Sweet Pepper bu.,no demand....... .65 been light, and of rather unsatisfactory arriving here daily, very little of it, how-
are unquestionably very the Okra, bu........... .. ............. i.ootoi.25 quality, decidedly lacking in color. ever, is strictly prime the great bulk
condition in that respect is very favorableto Cucumbers, good,none.............. fruit went out in the Amer- ; The
us. The financial situation, so long ,Cowpeas,shelled peck.. ............. .50 No export being of ordinary quality. keeping
to be and Green Beans crate.... ..... ....... 1.50102.00 ican liner this week as the weather in qualities are not of the best and buyers
depressed, appears improving, Peas, none_............... ... California has been very warm and it was are finding that the California fruit
' it is to be hoped that a general feeling of New beets,with tops,barrel crate,none fruit would not well.
security and prosperity will become established Pumpkins, each....................... .05 to .15 feared the carry stands up perfectly-something which
by the time our fruit Parsley,per daz.: bunches ............. 20 to .25 Bartletts: The hot weather in Califor- the fruit from New Jersey does not do.
crop goes Fla. doz.bunches........ to from New will fall off
therefore that Carrots per .25 .30 niu ripened up this fruit and very few Receipts Jersey
into market. We feel, we ...... .
Green onions per doz.bunches. 20 to .25
can give the assurance that the coming Pepper,hot bushel, no demand...... .60 green pears have arrived here this week, after to-day and the quality promises to
will command somewhat better Sage well .15 which sold virtually 2.00 to 2.25 per box. be poorer, therefore we hope to see bet-
crop Lima Beans, shelled,qt............... .15 Bulk of the offerings have sold 1.50 to ter prices on the California peaches.
prices than that of last year, but do not Hens....... _-.......................... .30 to .33 This latter fruit sells 4 to 5
think judicious to name a price which Roosters.................._....... .20 to .25 1.75, and some very ripe indeed as low as virtually
should be demanded if sold at home. Ofthe Broilers....................... ..... .15 to.25 1.00. Receipts of are nearly] at cents per pound, while that from N. J.
Turkeys, per pound gross............ .n end and the fruit should do better, seldom brings over 3 cents per pound,
i crop of 1892-93, seventy to seventy- Ducks..................... ........... .35 an bulk of it 'to 2 cents
, five per cent'was sold in the State at sat- Geese..R............._............. .35 although the market is amply supplied going 1J per pound.


:k 4 .


E -


,-... ', .'--

Will & Jones' Report. .,.....,

Buffalo, September 3.-Owing to heavy T EMEMBER there are hundreds of brands

receipts of State pears, peaches and, .
plums, California fruit sold low.l Pears, of White Lead'''(so called) on the market that are not White

California, 1.50 to 1.00; peaches, 1.00 to .
and other materials
GOc; bananas, 1.00 to.40c;; ,oranges, 4.50 Lead, composed largely Barytes ,

to4.00; lemons, 3.50to50c, ; apples.2.50 to But the number of brands of genuine ..
1.50 barrel; grapes, Delaware, 25-lb.' cas- (uiN _'
es, 1.50 to 1.25; Niagara, 1.25 to 1.00;

.4. _' black, 1.00 to 75c; watermelons 18.00 to Strictly Pure White Lead

12.00;potatoes,round,2.25,to 1.75'; sweet, :
1.75 to 1.25.September. LSHORTEST
4.-Receipts of small'fruit is limited. The following brands are standard "Old Dutch" process,
from State being heavy and cheap! Cali-
fornia fruit sold low. in:' sympathy. and) good as they were when you or your father were boys: ; OUiCKEST.MOS'T ,

Peaches, 1.00. ,to"25c; pears, ,1.50 ,to 1.25; ANCHOR (Cincinnati)., RED SEAL" (St. Louis).
oranges, steady, 4.50 to 4.25; lemons, ECKSTEIN (Cincinnati). KENTUCKY (Louisville).
moving freely, fancy to choice' stock SOUTHERN (St. Louis and Chicago). ATLANTIC (New York). ATTRACTIVEROUTE
selling 3.50 to 2.75fotY; stock, 2.00 to'50c. COLLIER", (St. Louis). "JEWETT" (NewYork: ). .

With continued hot weather we'are looking If you want colored paint,tint any of the above strictly pure leads with National Lead Co.'s.Pure .
. -r for improvement., Bananas dull, White Lead Tinting Colors,a pound of color to 25 pounds' of lead. The best merchantssell "
: 1.25 to 30c; grapes unchanged'!; ; apples, them the best painters use them.A .
2.50 to 1.00; round potatoes, steady, 2.00 good many thousand dollars: have been saved property-owners by having our book on
to 1.75 bbl; sweets, moving slowly, 1.75 painting and color-card.: Send us a postal card and get both free.
to 1.25; watermelons; 15.00 to 10.00. BETWEEN
Nash.ilte = LEAD CO. New York.
September 5.- State peaches attractedthe <'0.101. & 10] Broad sihre usseNeaD.illa. NATIONAL FLORIDA POINTS

attention of the buyers ,today. Re- -- ." 1 '; "''7''
ceipts heavy, prices ranging from 50 to -
Oranges and Lemons. to be told that Georgia AND THE NORTH
25c basket; pears Bartlett, barrel, 1.75to many persons .
1.50; plums, 30 to 20c basket;'pears, Brown'&'Seccomb's sales: produces now more peaches than any -
California Bartlett, 1.75 to 1.50" box; September 4.-TJiey sold 6,236 boxes I other State in ,the Union, and yet it isnot THE

peaches, 1.00, 75c;; plums, 1.25 to 1.00; and 507 Half boxes oranges and lemonsex I. more than six years since, the first
oranges, lemons, bananas unchanged; apples Ss. Britannia: Rodi oranges half shipment ofGeorgia, peaches were madeto FLORIDA CENTRAL AND

; 2.50 to 1.50; round and sweet pota- boxes, 1.25 to 1.60; Sorrento oranges, Northern markets.
toes, steady at Tuesday's prices; water- boxes, 30c to 2.55; half boxes, 25c to "According to a recent bulletin issued
melons, 15.00 to 12.00. 1.50; Rodi lemons. 2.00 to 3.62J. Maiori by the United States Agricultural Department .+ *
lemons, 1.10 to 4.12J; Sorrento lemons, the peach crop for Georgia for --, '

Barnett Bros.' Report. 1.00 to 3.75. The oranges; were, mostly 1.$$9 '.was 5,525,119 bushels., These fig- VIA
quite poor. Nearly all of the best lemons ures have more weight.when state that LAKE CI f fV ATLANTATO
S.-Tho market MACON
Chicago, September had been stored for a higher-market according to the same bulletin the 'peach ,
took a decided turn for the better to-day, of for the same year'was
before the sale. It is a question with crop Maryland
although prices;' were not much higher the trade when they will find a better 803,019 bushels; the Delaware crop was
than they were yesterday, a better feeling market. 457,201 bushels, and that of New Jerseywas Nashville, St. Louis and ChicagoWith

prevailed afternoon, and everybody cleanedup on the September 5.-They sold 18,234 boxes 776,078 bushels. Thus: Georgia pro- but one change of sleepers: connects
street are entirely lemons ex Ss. Bellingham; 20 boxes duced much more than twice as many also at Atlanta for NEW YORK and KANSAS
of California fruit, which bespeakswell Mercadant's Baby brand brought 3.00 bushels of peaches as Maryland, Dela- CITY. The Florida-Central and Peninsularhas
for the fruit that will be offered for ; nearly 700 miles of track running throughthe
fancy 2.00 to 2.62J!; choice 1.60 to 1.90; ware and ;New Jersey put together.

sale on, Monday., good 1.25 to 1.50pporto;, fair 25c ,to 1.20.The Even California produced the same year Tobacco Regions,
We have been holding several cars good and medium grades were a only 1,691,019.bushels, as compared withGeorgia's Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
back, having as many as ten on track to- Peach and Strawberry Land,
day. "We have been keeping them well little higher than'last sale of Sicily lemons 5,525ill9. Orange, Banana and'Pineapple. Country. ,
; 'arid poor fruit'w lower Belt.
; common "Few Georgia peaches come to Balti- Phosphate
filled, however, so that the Has thtJ'Silver Spring and
and there of
not likely suffer' any for the deten- was a large quantity that more. They,go mostly to New York and Other Fine Scenery.
kind. Boston and to Chicago and other western The Great .
tion. On Monday,however, we will offer HuntingCountry
cities. Reaches the Noted Fishing Grounds
four cars. Has the best lands for tillage, greatest yari-
We sold'one car and a part car to-day, New York Retail. Market.. IT HAS NO SUPERIOR. ety of soils in the State,and above all

peaches which werenot; ',by any means ,Fina'eating apples are selling as highas "The Georgia peach has no superior in Runs over the Central'' RIdgeland.
desirable, selling on an average of 60 20 cents a quart;;cooking apples at 80 America in point of flavor. Where It Is High and, Healthy.;
cents per box while Barlett pears cents,a half bushel;"peaches'the yellow "The peach !industry is not confined to Prosperous towns fill its route and it'offers
brought from 1.4p to 1.60, one lot of ripe and red Crawfords and rare the best freight facilities for any produce to
ripes, are any part of the State, b has reachedits ,
the Northern markets. Send for the
ones that two days could not be sold ra/ and ,
ago selling at $2.50 ;basket, very fine largest development in an area of song-
for 70 cents, sold to-day for 1.25. Concord grapes are 25 cents a basket; which Fort Valley. 30 miles below Ma- "MY FLORIDA HOME: "
Beurre Clairgeau 1.35, Beurre Hardy 1.35 Niagara and"''Delawares at 40 cents a basket cori, is tthe centre. There thousands of with its spirited'words< and beautiful music

for green stock.A. ;, green gage, egg, silver prunes, pur- acres, formerly given up to the growingof descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
large quantity of grapes were sold, 'I I ple pages, damson and sugar plums! are cotton,'have been converted into peach which full is sized gotten best up music in elegant paper style,containing-Six' pagesof also
thirteen cars having been offered altogether from :40 to 60, cents a basket; Bartlett orchards.. a picture of a home in ,Florida and a huntingscene.
in nearly all of.which there were pears from 25 to 50 cents a dozen; stew- "Next to peaches the greatest fruit in- It is mailed on'receipt of 10 cents(in
more or less With all that the cents stamps,to pay expense of. ) :
grapes. 10 a fine cantaloupe
ing pears, quart; dustry is in grapes. At Griffin, More- Send also for the best;map of.Florida (sent
market was well sustained, and poor, from 5 to 20 cents each; bananas50 land, Newnan and other places farm free) and note the towns on its route.A. .. '
leaky fruit, which was rejected by the to 60 cents a dozen; hot-house pine; lands that three.x>r four years ago could ".O.. MAODONEL,G.P.A.' ,
receivers, sold for. almost freight, while apples, raised in 'Florida, 75,-'cents each be had for $10 to$20 an acre are now sell -. Jacksonville. Fla.
the other day'it would not'have broughtmore West' India' 'pineapples, 10 to '20 cents ing at $50 to $200 an acre. The devel- '
than about 10 to 15 cents per Half each; nectarines, 40 cents a dozen; Japa- opment of the grape-growing business The Florida Central &
crate. Half crates Tokays selling from nese plums, 60 cents a dozen; Jersey has done it. .'
t40'to, 1.60, while Vacaville best stock is watermelons, 65 cents each,' fine' Florida "The greater profitableness of peach Peninsular R. R. ,Co.
selling from 1.00 to 1.25, and wasty'lots oranges, 65 cents, a dozen.-American I and grape-growing in the fruit belt of I ,
65.cents. Good shipping lots of Muscats Cultivator. Georgia is that the fruit gets into the I Offers to ShippersThe
brought 70 to 80 cents, while poor to fair Northern markets several weeks before Shortest
and Quickest ;Route
lots I brought from 40 to 60 cents. Shipments for England.On the products of the Northern: orchardsand ;

Sicily-'Lemons.The September 9, according to previous vineyards, and the prices receivedare BETWEEN' M
announcement, the Florida Fruit Exchange many times greater than can be had FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN .
complete back down of tho recent sent forward to New York the later in the season when the fruit has become WEST. ,
lemon market is,'to a great extent, attrib-' first consignment of oranges destined,for, I I more plentiful" THE EAST AND .
With Improved'Ventilated; Cars,this
utnd to the.immense amount of socalled"trash" com-
England, consisting of 227 boxes. Sep- pany .better' equipped than ever'ever.tohandle .
heaped upon the market from tember 13 a second shipment. was madeof the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and
Sicily. Of course our', experienced merchants 150 boxes. insure close connections and prompt despatch
DIAMOND ,BRAND to all Eastern and Western Markets. r'
are aware that at this season of the .-.-*-
year the shipments are mainly of poor Peaches in Georgia. Through, cars to destinationwithout -.
quality} being the pickings off the ground, Win. H. Edmonds, a well-known Baltimorean CRIMSON CLOVER.AMERICAN change or delay.
etc of the season's, crop about winding Perishable ,freight' followed by wire and
,, But does it help the ? On has been spending 'some timein shippers ,advised time passing various Junction
up. shippers Georgia studying! the fruit i industry of GROWN, HARDY TYPE, points and arrival at destination. ,'
the contrary, it has a tendencyto: depressthe the South, ;and he has been highly ACCLIMATED. All claims for overcharges! and loss prompt-.
market, and the good fruit must suffer adjusted. -
pleased with the results: of his investiga-
with the bad. Lemons have recently See that your goods are marked
tions. In an interview with Sun reporter
been sold here at auction for 5 cents per he pays a high tribute a to the- The Highest Grade on the Market via F. C. & P. R. R. r

box., The freight and duty is about sixty Georgia peach.: He said. For'information'call on or address the un-
cents per box. The transportation: com- $4.00 per bushel in sacks f. o. b. Wyoming, dersigned:
pany and the, Government get fifty-five, GEORGIA THE LEADING PEAClf STATE. Del. Also a few winter oats, 900 per ushel C. E. TAYLOR,, Trav.A'gt. Ocala, Fla.W. .
'' Descriptive circulars and samples furnished B. TUCKER, Gen. \'g't, Orlando'FIa.
cents and the grower.or.. shipper-well, "The growing of fruits in Georgia has application. JUST THE TIME TO SOW. on G. M. HOLDEN,Trav. Leesburg. Flt.
he, got where. the chicken. gets,the axe, developed enormously in the last few W. R. FULLER.Trav.A'gt: Tampa;'FlA.
nothIng of box material or.. This is particularly true.: Or N.S. PENNINGTON"TramoMan,
say 'packing.- years. Af A.N. BROWN,Grower and Dealer, .
,: Fruit Trade Journal.- peaches and grapes; It 'will; l_surprise-, Wyoming, Kent Co., DeL W, H. PLEA8ANTS. OeneSrretgSAgt
,', .r tl" :;

." '" :





I f ,',

I.r ft -
) -r Jl JJ f t 1
Miscellaneous. countries, chiefly from South;America, PLANTS.
but with the abundant supply of phos STRAWBERRY
I phate-containing material that occurs

t Phosphate in All Forms. in various sections of our own country
I fail to see why it would be necessary -
.First,under this head ,will be men- for us to look to South America or ) r
tiohed the various'!:1: forms of naturally elsewhere! for a source of phosphoric .
occurring phosphates, such as are I
,t found ,abundantly in, Florida and acid.Another commercial source of( phosphoric J M yl+ ; a ,

South Carolina, and which are supposed I acid, is a waste or byproductof .. ,
.to be. the fossil remains of pre, I iron industries, known as Thomas,
historic marine,animals The second : or basic slag. It usually contains
source phosphoric acid to be men- from
21 to 22 per cent. of phosphoric 1t M
tioned is the bones of animals. If ,
acid. Below will be found a table
. the bones ,have been ground into showing the average composition of i
what fsf termed' as "bone meal" and i various phosphate containing material.

1 have, -never. been burnt, they will con The figures used denote the per cent
tain in addition their !store of phosphoric of phosphoric acid present in an average II t 7 1 1 1-E }!' -
.acid, a goodly store of nitro sample: ,; '
gen .{abptit f 4 per cent.), so that in fertilizing 1 ,
with this material both phosphoric _
acid and nitrogen,are added to KINDS OF MATERIAL. 2
a 'soil. If the bone meal has been -rotatper .3 1. -/
subjected to a' steaming process,' it (cent. PnosphoricAcid-

will Have,only"a.little. more than half .. '. tea.
the nitrogen that is contained in the S. Carolina Rock Phcsphate (land). 27.0 .-..
S. Carolina Rock Phosphate (river).. 26.5 -
raw.'bone meal mentioned above S. Carolina Rock (dissolved. i. e. acid SEND FOR CATALOGUE TO
If the-bones have been burnt until phosphate)... 15.20
converted; into ash or bone black, (the Florida River)Rock.Phosphate (land and 27.0 JOHN B. BEACH, Indian River Nurseries, MELBOURNE:FLA. ,
Florida Rock Phosphate (pebble, .
from )
spent residue sugar ,
kiln dried). 27.0 --- ---
theit'this ash, will contain no nitrogen :Florida Rock Phosphate (hard rock) 34.5 ,
Florida Rock soft rock .. .
Phosphate ( ) 31.0. ,
T all but will :its fertilizing value 1.
: at owe Ground Bone (raw). 23.5
solely ,to its content of phosphoric Ground Bf nr (steamed). 22.0 ,
Bone Black (pent from sugar refin ,
acid. (bone. phosphate.) The bones cries),.._.. .--...-............ 33.5.
used,for.:the manufacture of fertilizers Bone)Black.... (spent., .. from.....oil...-refineries .... ....- 27.5 L.
come chiefly from slaughter houses, Canadian Apatite..uu...._ u... 35.5'
Phosphatic Guano..uu........ 26.8. .
but'' here and
are soften picked up
} !
there. Fresh 'bone has nearly one The substances enumerated in the 4A

i half of its: .weight of organic matter, above table constitute the chief corn. fk
O i..e.,. gelatine water' etc.,) and one mercial sources of phosphoric,acid! J in t
i half of its weight phosphate of lime, all of our manufactured fertilizers, 3
and. nearly, one half of the, weight of and when either of them is purchasedand j"f I Icf
the latter phosphoric. acid,, and, this' applied singly to a soil the princi
therefore, makes out something more pal constituent administered as nourishment

than' 20 per cent; ,,.of the fresh bone. is phosphoric acid.-Florida
We see, therefore, that when we 'Experiment Station.
$ desire to'buy bone meal for fertilizing >-.-. M
c purposes, i.tjs very essential l that we The Bark of Fruit Trees.
know whether we are buying the raw As a general thing healthy trees
1 meal], the steamed meal or the bone- are able to get rid of the old bark HIHI --
; ash. without any help from the cultivator;
When they are steamed before be but in many cases they are all the
ing ground nearly all the gelatine matter better for having a little help from

is extracted, make glue, and ,a man. In many species of trees, thereis ?If') r t
9 large portion of the nitrogen is thus an arrangement provided by nature

abstracted., ,Now. in ,either of the for helping the plant to get rid of its
above: forms;; we have; the phosphoric bark. These are called in scientific tit'y
acid in the form of simple bone phos language, "super cells;" that i is to say,
phate,. which is intermediate in solubility cork cells. These appear at first on
between the raw.* pulverizedphosphate the outer bark, as small brown spots.
rock and the same rock or From year to year, however, they develop -
1 bone after being ,add treated. If it sometimes eating into the barkin .
I is desired to have the raw bone meal longitudinal lines, and in this way : .i
i, in a' more immediately'available form, form the cracks which ultimately re- ."f"
it can be accomplished by treating the sult in what is known as rough bark. "i:r' ','';:.'.;
' meal with a proper quantity of sulphuric As it is thus the design of nature to I
acid. We will thus obtain whatis get rid of the outer bark, it is good MAMMOTH. ORANGE FAKER.' ,

called "dissolved bone," and as practice to help nature in this work. ,, -,
such its store of phosphoric acid is For this purpose, washes of various
The'increasingly low prices of, in late render it absolutely necessary
oranges years -
immediately available. It is in this kinds are found in practice extremely
for the to resort to some means of saving the inferior fruit and drops
fruit culture solu- growers
form that'it exists in most of the so- useful. In soapy
not worth marketing. The implement above figured is already in successful.
called "high grade fertilizers." It tions have been found very effective opera
should be stated,that if the bone ma- and in the, unscientific work ,of suc- tion in,Florida, twenty them,being employed in one house.
terial be purchased in the form of cessful farmers even lime wash has Manufacturer's price, $10.00._ For this amount we will give a parer and a sub-

bone ash (burnt bone), its store of been found beneficial. In some. :of scription-for; one year to this paper.Everything.

t ..phosphoric acid will be insoluble a more the interior counties of Pennsylvania,
I ,.
state than would be the case I a farmer would, almost as soon thinkof Afll ;
,,' with that in the raw, or steamed bone never cleaning his horsesYass_'let' ; for Florida. Established d 1883:

meal l, and it would be necessary to ting",his orchard trees go without.., To everyone Interested in plants whether for House, Orchard or Qar-,
: subject it to sulphuric acid treatment coating of lime wash once a year.. The r s den our, '
to render its phosphoric acid availa-' practical results of this treatment CATALOGUE and MANUAL,
themselves. No healthiertrees 1 I will be found invaluable. We can supply aU Fruits as grown in the South
ble. Other sources, though not so speak ,
besides Ornamental and Useful Plants and,Trees from the "Four Quarters -
commonfor obtaining phosphoric acid or more. successful fruit crops of the Earth." (From Aloe to Zingiber" etc.) Write to-day.. ';. _,
are guano and apatite. These sources can be"had th result from this prac- A SPECIALLY FINE,LOT.OF, _.CITRUS TREES. '.CAE. AP.; -'
' are usually imported from foreign ttce.:Median's: Monthly. REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla.





.. .>. ... '"
:: -: .' ',,;
"._' ,, '


-- -- -

:: AND CROPS, ture, 93; lowest. 71; mean,81; normal,81; The WANTED-Five. pounds, Leland citrus, Fla.trifoliata

,average rainfall, 1.50 inches. Typical
For Week Ending September 10. E. R. Demain, WANTED-Good second hand, stationary
Director. Tropical Io-horse power. Send full
The week was warmer than usual for this to George Male, Jensen, Brevard Co.,
Pla. particulars
it 1894.
Jacksonville. Sept.
,In Topic. it
time of year in all parts of the State.

some sections the excess of temperature, . Traveling ? FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
was slight, averaging 'attraction: of a How California Fruit Growers Co Take North Carolina mountains. Owner must
degree daily, while in, other portions. it lire in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
averaged three degrees a day. The aver- operate.As The B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-15-1

'-"'" age daily excess for the whole State was is the case everywhere, there is in Tropical 465 ACRES OF LAND FOR SALE-loo have
about one degree. California a continual jar between the been cleared. 20 in young orange trees.
The rainfall was slightly in excess of middleman and the producers; the latter Trunk I W Florida.P. Wright, Drayton Island, St. Johns River,

normal, but it was poorly distributed. alleging unfair treatment by which their Line. 9-15-8

Some correspondents report more than profits are curtailed or reduced to nil. Traffic R fl fl n fl FINE.healthy pear trees. LeConte,
twice the average quantity, while others The result of this has been the .organization Kieffer, Garber and others. Sat-

measured much less than half the normal of several operative schemes, Trends suma bottom Oranges prices.Figs.J.Peaches H. Girardeau, Plums, and Monticello Pecansat ,

fall. It was heaviest during the fore part which have proven more or less successful.At Tideward Florida. 9-8 tf

of the week, the closing days' being,generally Campobello, Santa Clara county, a Toward F INE Smooth Cayenne and Abbaka PineappleSuckers
A fair. There was too much,rain for large co-operative dryer is conducted by and Slips Orlando Grape & Fruit

cotton, hay and, 'corn in, most sections the growers of deciduous fruits. This The Co., Orlando, Fla. 9-8-4

where' these crops are grown: }, but.cane. Has proven very satisfactory to its stockHolders Turbid FOR? CUTAWAY HARROW prices, address E.
sweet potatoes gardens"etc'show im and despite the severe financial Hubbard, Federal Point,Fla.,State Agent.
provement. There was less thunder and strain of last year has declared a 7 per Twisting 10-21-tf

lightning than during previous,weeks. A cent dividend. An outgrowth of this Tack TROPICAL MELON PAPAWS-15 cents. Giant
week of dry, cooler weather would be has been the organization of the Califor- The 50 and 75 cents each. Water Poppies
beneficial; generally, and the conditions nia state.fruit exchange, which has en 15 cents. Water hyacinths 10 cents. Trades-
cantia: four varieties for 2 cents Exotic water
to-day seem to favor such a change. t.ered'the field this season for the purposeof Trackless lilies 25 cents. Dwarf Pomciana 15 cents each.
There are a'few counties and many scat- marketing dried fruit. A number of Tarpon Time Tropical Nurseries, H. G. Burnet, Supt. Avon
tered however where showers have been Park FlA. it
points, county exchanges
during,the coming week would do much! I organize and the bulk of the,dried fruit Takes. Tempts j OR SALB.- -acre orange grove, at railroadcenter.
good; crop is claimed to be controlled by it. Test The ;.ooo two-year old seedling grape
fruit trees, excellent variety heighthree
Western District-On account of the In the southern end of the state the The Tardy \ feet; also one two-horse John; average Deere corn ".
frequent and heavy rains in this part,of Southern California fruit exchange is a cultivator, for riding or walking; new. One
the State farmers were unable to do much combination of growers to handle the Tale ,To two-horse Acme harrow, and one-horse rake.

work in their fields. Especially was thisso citrus fruit which has been in successful The Tarry. Any Fla. or all at half value. Address Box 27 Archer 9-1-4 _,

in the extreme western portion where Operation for several years, and now the Tax
the soil could not absorb all the water wine growers have combined on the Types "PARSON BROWN ORANGE" and "Carney

that fell and much still remains on the same lines into a wine syndicate to con= Tell; Thou grown.* Sicily Write Lemon.-Best for catalogue orange J. H.and Turnley lemon,

surface of the ground. The wet weatherhas trol the sale of their product. Travel Thy "Excelsior Nurseries, Lake Weir, Fla. 8-11-13
damaged cotton considerably in v How successful these movements will
and caused to rot in the fields be This. Talent FOR FANCY PINEAPPLE PLANTS-Write to
places corn ultimately prove cannot predicted. L. Beemsn, Orlando. Fla. 7-28-10
but it has made grass abundant and pros- They certainly are efforts in the right directIOn Typical To-day -.

pects are, good for a fine crop of late hay. that can succeed if the members Thoroughfare That BOWLING, VA.GREEN-Opens ACADEMY Sept. 7th., BOWLING Thorough

Cane, potatoes and pastures very good recognize fully that co-operation is not anew equipment careful training,unequalled health
and gardens, where the grass andweeds, way of doing business, but simply Through Thrift resort record, absolute freedom from hazing,
have been kept down lookwell.: 'Tem provides a different method of dividing The Tend address students uniformly successful. of For Catalogue,
JOHN HART, M. A. U. Va. 7-21.8
perature nearly normal.', A..season of dry the profits. These exchanges must receive Truly To
weather is needed in this section. Highest the same care, and even better'bus FOR I SALE.-16,000 orange, lemon and grape
90 lowest 71 iness than Tropical Thee uit trees. Write for catalogue and prices.All .
temperature, ; ; mean, management private commission budded on sour stock. J. H. Turnley, "Ex-
80; normal, -79; average rainfall, 2.65; merchants give to their efforts. The Territory. To-morrow. celsior Nurseries"kLake Weir, Fla. 7-7-20
normal, 1.63.Northern exchanges are so far fortunate in having
District.-The!; week opened competent officers, and if the members The ORANGE TREES-At greatly reduced prices,
the hard times. W. H. Mann,
with normal temperature and'' became will back up their officials properly, the Thoughtful Mannville, Putnam Co., Fla. 7-7-7
warmer every day, closing with the'temperature schemes should succeed. The California Tourist
five degrees above:the normal l; fruit union originated in 1886, was for FOR EXCHANGE.-Roit cuttings of the Giant
B.tfinensis for established
the average,daily excess for the week at several years quite a success, but., finally Thanks of Sago Palm((Cycas Revoluta) ). Citrus trifoliata plants-
Jacksonville:was,, three degrees; on the went to pieces. The seed for honey and peen-to peach seeds. J.
10th the maximum temperature was 96, Terse L. NORMAND, Marksville, La.

highest of the year"I except, on August.. LOUISIANA GRASS.-Paspalum( playcaulc),
11th when registered 96.5 degrease The Sheriff's Sale. Tutor grass in Florida for lawns or per-

rainfall was below normal but was fairly and,by virtue of an execution issued out That does.manent Can pasture be planted Will any grow time where of the year Bermuda when'

well distributed The, greater ,part 'fell UNDER. Circuit Court in and for Duval County, Tells ground is moist. Set*-25 cts. per 100, 1.50 per
during the first part of the week, ,the Fourth.Judicial Circuit of Florida, on the 16th 1,000by mail W H.Powers Lawtcy, Fla. tf
closing days being generally favorable for day of August 1892, in a certain cause therein The FOR SALE for cash,time or tiade,orange groves,
pending. Wherein the H. B. Claflin Company, a
: and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
growing crops and oranges. Too show corporation under the laws of the State of New Truth. Fla. 3-T1-16I
ery for hay making and cotton picking York, is plaintiff and Marcus Conant is defendant -
first half of the week. Highest'temperature .I have upon the following described The e
property, situate in Duval County, Florida, to- Agts Wanted 'Striking for Life.1Labor's
96; lowest, 68, mean, 80; normal, wit: Typical
79; average rainfall 1.26 inches; rainfall, The northeast part of lot one (i), in block one side of the labor question, by John
Swinton.the Pillar of Light of labor movement.
inches. ( ) fifty ((50)) feet on Ocean Street by one
1.82 hundred and five(105))feet on Washington Street. Send ice. for agent's outfit. Quick,large profits.
Central District. The rainfall on and The two water lots in front of lots one (i) and Address
near the Atlantic and Gulf coasts was eight ((8)), in block two ((2))being two hundred and Via NATIONAL PUBLISHING CO.,
generally above normal, while in the in- ten (210) feet front on Ocean Street, running Chicago, 111.
thence to the St. Johns River. The southwesthalf The -
terior of the peninsula there was a de- i in block .
of lot one ( ) two ((2) Lot eight
cided deficiency, although heavy local ((8)) in block two ((2)) Lot two ((2)) in block three Tropical Snoring and Divorce.A .
rains are reported in a few: interior coun- (3)). Lot seventeen((17)) in block six ((6)). All of divorce
Trunk Philadelphia
which said lots are situated in the town of May-
ties. The temperature averaged slightly port, County of Duval,Florida,and are numbered Line.For called off a few days ago in a some-
above normal. Oranges ,continue to improve according. to the map or plan thereof. .
Grant Section forty ((40)) town- what remarkable The couplehad
rapidly lemon good the In the A. Gay : way.
; crop ; two (2)), outh, twenty-eight ((28)) east. and address
ship ( range maps particulars no trouble that the hus-
greater part of the corn crop has been Lots eleven (t1)), twelve ((12)) and( fourteen ((14)), except
gathered; potatoes and cane doing well; and the south part, containing twenty-five((25)) G. D. ACKERLY, band was an inveterate snorer. His
in acres of lot eight ((8)), of section: three((3)), town-
stock continues
good, conditions; pastures ship two ((2)), south of range twenty-eight ((28)) GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT, wife could not sleep, and this re-
fine; gardens promising. Highest I east. Lots two((2)), three ((3)), four ((4)). six ((6)). ten THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, sulted in a nervous affection whichwas
temperature, 94; lowest, 69; mean, 81; (10)) eleven (n), thirteen ((13)); fourteen ((14)) and
of section ten CIo township two Jacksonville, Fla. ruining her health. It is
normal, 79; average rainfall, 1.45. fifteen ((15)) ) ((2)) doubtful -
of twenty-tight (28)) east. Lots
youth range (
the divorce
Southern District.-The rainfall averaged I seven ((7)) and two ((2)), (excepting fifteen ((15)) would be
about normal for this part ot the i acres of the southeast corner,deeded to Frank OENT-A-WORD COL UMN. granted, but all necessity for it was
) section: eleven(II), township two ((2)),
State but was light in the lower Indian Clay tonI'
range twenty-eight((28;, east. Lots onei by presentation a
river section; as the showers were frequent of section fourteen To insure insertion in this column, advertisements -
( ) and six ((6)) (((14)), townshiptwo cure for snoring which the husband
and in that section east. must be accompanied by the money. ,
quite heavy two((2)), range twenty-eight ((28))
during the closing days of last week;how- Lots one (i),two((2),three ((3)), seven ((7))), of section Advertisements received must not in exceed fifty words. successfully tried. It consists of six
Postage Stamps payment.
twenty-five((2.5)). townsnship two> ((2)), south
ever, the pineapple crop is not in very of range twenty-eight((28))east. Count every word,including name and address. drops of olive oil taken with a pinchof
great need of rain as yet. The rains in In the F. Richard Grant: Section thirty-nine mustard. The oil lubricates the
the interior were local in character: ; some ((39)), township two ((2)), south of range twenty- FINE SPRING HATCHED BLACK
((28))east. And lot nine((9)), of section three SEVERAL COCKERELS-Full outer toe throat, and the mustard acts as an
sections had more rain than'was neededfor
two ((2)) south of range twenty-
feathered. strain for irritant.
Paragon sale or exchange Probably others find
crops, while in other places there was eight((28)) east. for other thorough bred chickens. Wm. B. may
nat sufficient to put the soil in good con- And I will sell the same to the higotst bidder, Schrader,Tallahassee,Fla. 9-1 va this receipt useful.-Am. Cultivator.
for cash, in front of the courthouse: door in the
dition to work. Newly planted pineapple city of Jacksonville, Duval County,Florida on ISI
fields are doing well generally, but in Monday. October ist. 1894, within the legal EXTRA FINE, HIGH.CLASS, REGISTERED -
some localities heavier showers would be hours of sale. HOLSTEIN-Male thoroughbredand Titusville is to have a second fiber
beneficial. and NAPOLEON B. BKOWASD. grade Jersey,cows and heifers in calf: for factory. The foundation is laid and
sweet ;
Oranges, cane Florida.August
potatoes Sheriff Duval County. Mle. Wm. B. Schjader Waverly Farm Talla-
are promising. Highest tempera- 19, 1894. hassee, Fla. 9-15-2 I I the woodwork begun. y.

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? _' ;i : THE FLORIDA> FARMER- AND' FEDMMJEOWKR.. ,501'f .':
f -

f SAVANNAH LINE.Time The Clyde Steamship Co. '

48 to hours between Savannah New York and and
55 ,
between Savannah and Boston:, 65 to 70 hours. .,

The:magnificent. Steamships ,of this Line are ,appointed -

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. (J.,

both ways. : : >.
Psstoa sst e Ra.te.sI From New York. From Jacksonville
29 Florida.
I Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion 143-5; .
Steerage,$12.50. Tuesday Aug.s8hat3PmIROQUOIS".Sunda: Sept ad at.5:00: am
Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion, $47.301; Steerage, $14.25 Friday, 14 sist, atapm........"ALGONQUIN"........Thursday, 6th;,at 9:no am
' The magnificent: Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: Tuesday Sept. 4thatapm:......."SBMINOLE". .........Sunday, .". 9th.at12oou'U
SAVANNAH Friday, V 7th, at3 p m."IRO UOIS".Thursday; .. isth,at yv a m
Monday. "lothat3pm...... ...''CHEROKEE" ......Sunday, ". 5:00: a m
(Central or goO Meridian Time.) Wednesday, .I2th,atapm........."YBMASSEE"........:Tuesday. 18th, at 6:30am
Kansas City...... .............................!............. .......Sunday, Sept. 2, 7.00 a.m. Fndal' .. 14th,at 3 p m.........."ALGONQUIN"......:Thursday,; .".. 2oth at 8.ooam
Nacoochee .:..... ..... ........:.r........ :.... .................Tuesday, Sept 4, 8 30a. m. Y' 3 p m."SEMINOLE".Sunday, ". 23d. at uooamioopm '
City of Augusta....................:................................Friday, Sept. 7, n.3oa.m. Wednesday, 4II 19th, at 3 p m.......... "IROQUOIS! .......:Tuesday, '.* 25th,at : /
City of Birmingham..... ... .......................................Sunday, Sept. 9, .n'n Friday 21st, at 3 p m.. ......"CHEROKEE". :..:.. .Thursday, 27th,at 1:30 p m ,,
Kansas'City......................................... ...............Tuesday, Sept. n, 3.00p.m. Monday, 24th,at 3 p m........ 'VEMASSEE".v.SundayA "" 'soth,at 5:00: am" '
Nacoochee ........................................:...... ... ..........Friday, Sept. 14, 5.00a.m. Wednesday, 26th, at 3 p m|........"ALGONQUIN"..;......:Tuesday Oct. id, at 6:30: a m
, City of Augusta... ........................................... ......Sunday, Sept. 16, 6.00 a. m. Friday, II 28th,at 3 p m........."SEMINOLE". .......Thursday, 4th at 8:00: a m
z City of Birmingham) ............................. .................Tuesday, Sept. 18, 6.30p.m. -
1 Kansas City ....................... .... ........ ....................Friday, Sept. 21, 9.30a. m. and Jacksonville 'Lines.
Nacoochee ...:.......:...... :.......... ............ ...............Sunday, Sept. 23, II 30 a.m. Philadelphia
City Augusta.................................................. ... Tuesday, Sept. 25 2.00 p.m. Y service between Jacksonville Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south-
! City of Birmingham.... ..........................................Friday, Sept.28, 5.00a.m. bound.Weekly The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
Kansas City..Sunday, Sept.30, 6.ooa.m. :

FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From..Jacksonville Direct:.

l Chattahbochee...................:.........................../.....Thursday, Sept. 6, lo.ooa. m. Friday, September 28 h..................DELAWARE .,.............Friday. .October 5th
Tallahassee..Thursday:;: Sept. .m.Chattahoocbee. Friday October ,51 h........... .;..WINYAH.s.-....-......-.;Friday..DELAWARE .- October 12th
................. ......................... .........Thursday, Sept. 20 13, 9.00a.m.4.00 p Friday, October i2th................. ......... .......Friday October i9th
Tallahassee............................................""..........Thursday, Sept. 27, .}.oo. p m. Friday, October 19th...................WINYAH.................Friday October 26th


i ... (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) _

y Dessoug..........?.... ...??............. .........................Sunday Sept. 9, 12.00 n'n For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on "
Dessong... .....................................Wednesday Sept. 19, 7.30 a. m. _
! Dessoug..........................................:...... .............Saturday, Sept. 29, S.oo p. m. < the St. Johns.. River. 1 '- .

Steamer: VERGLADE r' "Z ;>

Connect at.Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia. Savannah Florida & Western Railway, Capt. W. A; SHAW '_aj;,
Florida Central& Peninsular Railroad. '
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets,and Baggage Checks to and from all Eastern Points in the South. Leaves JACKSONVILLE from foot of Laura Street, at 5.00pm. :,'
See your nearest ticket. agent or write for Freight or Passage to '
New Pier No.35, North River J.New York. City Exchange Building,Savannah Ga. PALATKA SANFORD ENTERPRISE :
& ,
t. RICHARDSON BARNARD.Agents, Lewis' Wharf;Boston.
W. I,JAMES,Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia. And Intermediate Landings on ''the St. Johns River.
W. H. RHETT Gen'l C. R.
Agt. R., 317 Broadway, New York.
J.D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav.,Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway.N. Y. Leaves SANFORD, 5.00 a. m., ENTERPRISE. 5.30 a. ml."!
t J.L. ADAMS Gen'l East. Agt. P. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW.SAMPSON, General Agent, <
353 Broadway New York. 306 Washington St., Boston. j MONDAYS AND THURSDAYS, for JACKSONVILLE.General .
# '' General Agent, 71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass..Agent, W. E.ARNOLD, Gen.Trav. Pass.Agt., : Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay'St.J'aoksonville

71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.W. A.J. COLE,Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green,New York. -.
f M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green, New York.
THEO.'G.'EGER, Traffic ManagerS Bowling Green, New York. : .\
A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS. F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Ft*.;:, .
JOHN HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street-Jackaonvllle,Fla.
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. J.- A. LESLIE Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents:
: ,

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,. 12 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia., 5,Bowling>. 'Green. New York.

L a 'w' Ta.A.Y: ST., 7AOK1901 T IIiLlw: P hA.i ACCLIMATED_
X3,000ORANGES --

I We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of DEVON CATTLEAND


Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, ,- =

Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and 'Dark.8TAT TREES. BLACK ESSEX HOGS .


Tniri-ffllen Pertilixer Co. j NITRATE SODA guarantee satisfaction and lowest MILCH I COWS.Write .'j"
prices. Special terms on large orders. Prompt ., '-)) '-.
Order early and get choice' trees. for Circulars. :
Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, Add res. .
SULPHATE POTASH, Earle Rice & Davis Nurseries Tangerine, Or-- 'Bainbridge, Georgia. '
Tree and \ ange County, Flarida. ,
Orange Vegetable r* KAINIT Etc. .

These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. .
8en4 4 for Catalogue free. LANDSCAPE GARDENER.Parks NEini. CROP.

JOHN L. MARVIN Per pound, postage' paid, 250.; ten pounds, express -'-,,'
President. :not paid, izc. per pound; per bushel ..:
Cemeteries and Private Places laid out and over.60 pound, $6.50. :,
; H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. otherwise.. St.
CONRAD by contract No. 19, 5th Spring- Full line of
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. field.Jacksonville.A .

Durkee Shell Road, only two miles from .
Court House. House has 4 rooms, closet and GARDEN
THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK porch;lot 110x51. Deed perfect. All taxes paid.. ,
Will sell cheap for cash. Address MATT.. G.
JOHNSON,Jacksonville,'Pla. SEEDS. ,

Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General HING'WITH cr STANLEY'S Steel Hinge SENDFOR SPECIAL PRICE LIST. II'

,Handsomer, CAMERON .
Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE and cost no more than the old ,
YOUR! style. For wile .by Hardware Seedsman.
Dealers generally but If not In
i : INVITED. k your vicinity write the Manu Jacksonville3! -. Florida
DOOR facturers. Send for"Biography
1 DIREOTORS. of a Yankee Hinge,"mailed free.
Marvin, A. B. Chas. Marvin, '
John L. Campbell. kinds, of r for toe.driller by tutng uor. .
H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby Judge R. B. Archibald; AdamaDUne :can take acore. Perfected JcoIlOJDe:
lest Artesian Pnmpingf Rle*to worthy Alr..te.
c' Judge E. M. Randal)" C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson WOBKS Hew Jhita1Dct. LetnshtlpTon. THE AMERICAN WELL fltearo.WOBKft.Aarcrs ,
I Dr H. Roblnaon. John B. Hartrldge. THE STANLEY '.. lll-l Chicago. UL Dallas, Tex.?
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Er-r.: PAINE. ? \ ESY'A'" 3LISH.ED 1879'. J. O. PAINE.

!M A r

. j 'THET E EiLiE: : CO. ,

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.. --: '- :
; ",-,.-1"1; -4. i .. () fL".',,,

',:, -rf Do' ; :wish'toiniBrease; PRtFITS) ; From 50 to 500: cent on '#
you ;; your per : g-
t'.' t . : ... . : ., .
f N'w .
: '!" :.. '. FLORID< ORHNCe, *7 N 7 a ZBGBT7=r.t.E. DROPS ? "
t' >, .:'!t.,' -.. ., .

J...,.. I;. .. ., !I .
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Then READ CARBFUIiBY ther.. new.pamphlet: prepareiby the above company for season of '94-95, which

.",'.' :tgiye'S'in'ore: : valuable inform ti thanany I/ I c, '. other publication in existence. .

COMPLETE. TREATISE on the most:successful.fertilization of young !Jf-d bearing orange trees' on "pine.

.:.. : and hammock:lands in Florida for INCREASED, ''PROFITS. Sent: free of charge.. Address,
... .
..' .. \
'U .r'f' '
., . .
t'c.; '::1 i;":,. .1. : .. '. .EHE P All E 1'rILIZE 1? Co.,
"' .- .
:, ,
i !f :,'., !: r "::cii : :: No. 50 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
11 JLtiri ,,'_J ., ,. .- .".i j'!' i :. ''.''' ,". 'L : .
-N" B.Parties wishing to buy Pot4'h Salts,Nitrate of Sodai;;etc:.,ex-veesel at New York, will find it to their interest to address our office at No. i Broadway, for quotations. Always state
desired. 'No sales.of less than carload lots from New York. .

: ,

Manufactured by the

Contain a list:aid J icriP io l'of the'Choicest a d.f&ost Profitable' varieties of the Citrus
Family, which we hare'selected from over one hundred different varieties frown,and tested by us
in our extensive. experience of,seventeen years. We carry one ofThe
,-r : ; '. ,. I -_ .. L. B. D rling Fertilizer Co.
Stooks of Trees
\ .. ;: Largest"J.t: Citrus... in.the United States" .'..
''.'.' Send(forcirculars. Address R :.-.:. PI E I ce. "
.4... -' Sunset Hill.fekeCo. .Pla.. ,

:';', Lorenzo: A.:" Wilson.. .. .v ."" de JL .. '... W.:'Cu! Toomer.WILSON .

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.-".'..;:-i:". .. u TiB. FHRTBtIZHR fiOUSH Op plaO IDA.u 0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla. j I *.
*.,. '
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w 7 No. 8 Bogtwlck Block Corner Bay and Main Streets

..F7. A FEW OF OUf* SPBCUUiTIES-..' _. .-. ..- Send for Pocket Memoranda Book. :}
... >
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-, POTA&H-Both High .and 'Low ,Grade, always .i

in stock. ,. ,at lower prices than competitors '

'.. who, have it to arrive. IA .
w. .. ._ t S+ a J-I A

:. Green River Kentucky Tobacco Stems Always on
Hand. -
t .
J. : .
.. Fine Ground Tobacco. Stems, .. ,4> : \ ..
a< I :0'.
Nitrate of Soda, Cotton. Seed 'MealCanada ;, 1 .
...._ .L.. : ... "

ilardwoodAshes. Acid Phosphate. ,
t: -
\" Sublimed Flowers of Sulphur. .f:
"' .
.f. BLOOD AND BON E. "*>!'' fcft&fraSttftA.
_. ajUSftES'Twi.1 '" *
The Fallow Land Plow.

FERTILIZER. MATERIALS' Manufactured expressly for* use in the light sandy lands of Florida. This

'v """ ......,.c..d.. ...I'... .K ...-' AND't.; .. Z l? 'J :r.. ;, j, 1 Z ,I 't"t.,"I plow. excels in turning over and covering weeds and trash in soft fallow land,
which every farmer knows' is not an easy task. Cuts eight'inches;' light II
1--. .... .... .- -- --- .---' two-horse, steel point or cast point, steel landside and steel moldboard.
: 98 Per Cent .Caustic Soda. Insecticide, Material Weighs fiftytone pounds. Retail price $7.50. Given with the'paper one year

,:'>,"-. for $"or as a premium for four new subscribers at $2.00 each.
', ...AIe'tNA YS.iO1_T, 1FIAI .
ft '... '1 .. ", ..;t" c ..

.1r .LOW"PRICES. \WRITE FOR' PRICES .and 'ANALYSIS. WICK SBiiitth. ,Dandy Garden Plow. '

.. "'...7: ..;. t', This Plow is constructed almost entirely of iron; is very strong,durable and yet
light weighing:only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of very light draft.
.. WlhS.ON' & TooMER The use of this implement makes gardening pleasant and profitable.. With it a
i: :. -. --' man caodo,: a man's work and half of a horse. We furnish with this k
,"' ''> '' ; plow a' wp. and a turn-shovel as well as the bull tongue shown in the cut., Mznufacturer'o ->
t. HOUSH- OF'Flio1UDA '
.. .. ..., ,> fftB FHRTILIZDR ; .
.. ..,... .. #.. .. i pii e. $5.00. Price with this paper, $4.00,or given as a premium for k
;;t., .
f aok.011vi11e F1a. subscribers each.
-.2'....;" three now $2.00 ,



Full Text
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