Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
September 8, 1894
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


This item has the following downloads:

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8. Powers, Publisher ProprIetor. JACKSONVILLE,. FLA.. SEPTEMBERS, 1894. Whole 'No.oo... Q NETV VI SEKIKS.No.

.. ". -. -.-. R

Geo. S. Hacker & Son, W. C. WILL. ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F.JONEd. w. Li OUCLAS



uni'm'1 = $5. CORDOVAN,
r 1L a. $ !
co 58 d' 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICHIGAN ST., = 4350FlNECALFtKAN6APA4saes. '

COc .'. BUFFALO .N. Y., $ POLlCEt, .' .

3:. I-..,\\l,,. ': $Z5 J EXTRA FINE. iNS.


E a Correspondence: invited and stencils furnished on application. R eliable agents wanted at S12.sJ .
O :; all principal shipping points, $ : *WONGOl".;

,: O \.osa. .,CO First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla., Bank Commerce, Buffalo N. Y. Dun'a and Brad W..DOUGLAS'BROCKTON ,;>
.., -
street'.8 Agencies: J -
'.. ? -- MASS
Yon. .can care money'by wear in IT the
And Building Material. W. L. Douglas 83.OO Shoe. "J ,

Queen City Fruit Auction Co. 'Because, we are the largest manufacturer .->f
CHARLESTON S. C. this grade shoes in the world,and guarantee their
value by stamping .the. name and price 'on the
bottom which protect you against high prices and
BUFFALO, NEW YORK. the middleman's profits. Our shoes equal.custom

REFERENCESBank Commerce, Buffalo N..,Y... Dun's and Bradstreet's Agencies.HASTINGS' work In style, easy fitting and wearing.qualities. u'
We have them Bold everywhere at lower prices for
Fraud Fruit Wrappers. \.g the value given than any other make. Take no sub
aF FALL'CATALOGUE Btitute. If your dealer cannot supply you.wo.can.

Bradley Redjleld. Eugene B. Ridf eld.


0 ( DFIELD & SON, '.
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may Is now ready for distribution and will be sent free to all applicants. Commission MerchantsAND

now know that they get an honest ream H. G. HA rnTG$ Ss OQ. .
of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto '-- -' .

ream as some unscrupulous dealers SEEDSMh: Interlaohen,. Florida._ "

supply. Fruit Auctioneers, /

FOR PRODUCTION AND PROFIT 141 Dock Street. Philadelphia, J'a. ,

OUR "FAIR AND 'SQUARE" We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables;
Buy! Trees of the Well-known Reliable Ten tested either at private sale (which has heretofore been

f Printed Wrappers are put up in packages ; years our custom) or by the 'auction system (recently
added to our business)as you may desire.
of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is

' numbered,. in printing, consecutively '
from 1 to 1000. No one can r:/ <

HONESTLY BEAT '. SATSUMA, ORANGES,-hardy and early. PECANS. b.ifP per-Shel!variety: CAMPHOR''TREES.
PEARS all kinds, immense stock. WJtNUTSEng.JapandCalifornia.' ; 'TEXAS UMBRELLA.
PEACHES; 60 varieties, new and old. -**?"& ;?nTS' ,Japan Mammoth,fine. OREVILLEA ROBU8TA.
q PLUMS, best Japan and native"so:t?- 'a)i:' -ii and APRIC078. MAGNOLIA ORANDIPLORA.
our prices. Send for: samples and prices JAPAN PERSIMMONS.varletiesallt. jJflOS -
.u.J.... .. ..GRAPES. good. supply all leading:POMEGRANATES.. ROSES BO....arletl... '
Other kndloU: pf them-write for what you want. ,SEVEN STATE = '.
FREE Specimens of fruit In season; and our experience and infoimation as to adaptability to ,1 ;
THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING, .CO. your locality, worth much more. For instance we have discarded/one variety of which we shipped Booked for our exhibit of wild-animals with
400 bushels In 1S37,and this but one of the hundreds of varieties tested. We have built our reputation
on fine tock;some say the jtnrst. An Ex-Governor of Fla writes: "They are beauties.admirably a fence that can hold 'em. We have Deer.
JERSEY CITY, N. J. packed as to shame a novice and evenjnany( who pretend to be experts."' Prompt and careful Elk. Bear Wolves, Foxes .Coon. etc. No

N. B.-We 4p not deal in unprinted attention tfCorrespondence.;v Prices,,-red))'able. '" "Catalogue free.TAEF charge.ALL FREE AS \,"00L.

wrappers. Gr. i. R, :Glen St. Mary Fla. i Also teams-ofTRAINED"-ELK ,
SUMMER : -driven to wagon every day. -
c The famous "Royal Bunter" that terrible
I .I; + Is by far the best time to plant all manner of terror of all non-elastic fences will! turn '"

c ; Tropical Fruit Plants and Shrubs; also Orange'and itself looso against Tile Page. .
a >! Lemon. Trees, ,etc., Palms, Bamboos. Grasses, A Real Suspension-Bridga made of Page,fence. '
r s Aquatics, etc.,'etc.We ., Come and see us. Send for particulars.

Donrlose t1 f have them,in the greatest assortment in Florida or the South, in PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.. ,A4.rianMich.
', admirable condition for setting at any time, ,By planting now you can geta
a good growth and avoid loss by.drouth or cold next winter. Send at onceG
Heart., for our latest catalogue and manual.. Illustrated and priced. Notice of Application for Discharge .. '
:D.\.n\r2EN8E t ':rl CK. ,FAIR ,PRICES.
I PLANT FERR Y'S SEEDS Established 1883.* of Assignee.To .
this year,and make up for lost tuna j REASONER BROS. Oneco Fla. all whom it may,concern:
Ferry's Seed Annual for 1894 will/ .
give you many,valuable blnta t TAKE NOTICE That I have filed my final re. ;
about what to raise and bowl the Clerk's office of Duval County and a
L ,raise It. It contains Informs> PEOPLE ARE LEARNING that I will apply,thirty days from this date,to
\Uon to be had from no otaonrce. the"Jude; of the Circuit Cnurt of the Fourth Ju
.. Free to alL dicial Circuit for Duval County, Florida,at the
: D.M.Ferr9&CoDetroit ; In Some'parts of the'country,at least, that THEY MUST'HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE no court house, or wherever the said Judge may
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is.not only the Earliest,but Best then be,for an order approving! :the same,.iucing
Kleb. ana nearest to a Seedless, Orange. of any. now grown. .Budded:Trees of this and other_ varietiesnow my compensation and granting my final ". \
{ for: by : r. J

........ :"t:1.,..-. .. ,. ; C.) A. BOONE, Agent. JOHN' G. CHRISTOPHER
't' .H 'v.'f6' Assignee John
.," .,...J..: ._....'. Senti-Tropical. Nurseries,Orlando; Fla, August s.1594.. ..I1.4t
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..' : : THE FLOBIDA : y
-- --------

: 4 11GOQCIDTCIDE.t.: --- "

.' .
* ... VrfV .. "
Numerous $esfs have conclusively demonstrated'that the COCCIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes (white fly) in all of its stages of development. It can, however -
be more effectively reached while in the egg.l larva and pupa states. It is now in those states, but will commence hatching the fly about the middle of June.Now .

'. ,"' : JL- $ the Tin1e 1:0.: Appijy.a .

It is also fatal to the Spiders,Rust Mites and their eggs;and to the Scale without reference to the hatching periods. ,_" .


) .... *. ... 'to
THE.OM RELIABLE. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is claimed for it. ...:*/;' r:.. :_V'' .
.. S U L P'H U R: = ; : "<"r" .

',' .- .,.. "; ,, Single barrels,ton or in car lots '.sp.m vi'!:

< .,
\ '
,\ In Great variety at manufacturers'; 'prices.'f. ,
5; STEVENS' WAX'E'R '.M'.G: >TOR. ,':.

1',., :' A splendid appliance for groves that are irrigated. Will greatly reduce the cost of using insecticides.- Rubber hose(all sizes),plain and wire bound.BANtGOR .' ... ,..

S ..."" ?4rg0w ill arrive in June. ,Special rates for orders to be shipped from vessel. Pine box sides,kiln dried heads,hoops,paper,nails,etc. Pineapple crates and other growers supplies'i >:;

"' S P'EC I A'L' NOT 1 C.E: 3 l : -: ,: l :.

);;.V-.JjThe. : rate .for transporting Insecticides' has been reduced from' 6th class to class "K." A reduction. cE. t OI"- than-- 50 per' cent. "?" '.:.i.iT ;
1 ) '
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4 ; : : BEAN .
Correspondence solicited :.,
R : ;.' : .w .. ";' acksonville. .. -'. s s'f :
NVaycross \Nharf.:': ... : Fla. '


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t Having: 'been practical orange growers for a number of years,.also in the business of manufaeturingtInsecticides and using them our-

,. selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we'make the following'statement.: .

". That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.

-J' It lias never yet been Adulterated or Diluted In any* form whatever---in order to.Lower the Price', as
.:. other Insecticides hare been throughout the State, x .
A ;a
b .But is-always uniform in 'strengih.and can be depended on to accomplish' the purpose; for which it was. ;made. It can be sprayedonthe ;

trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons'using it. .

As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting:;the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion' which

'is.very effective in destrfying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White; Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow

Spider! ), and used combination, with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever :used.

;! We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know'whereof we speak. .'; '

s, '\": .J'. These insecticides l have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect>satisfaction. .- .,!

".. -it References and general directions for using furnished on application. .., *, ,'.
t "
x* 'Vrltelor Price-. '" ;': )' .
/ 1
\" .""" .List.McMASTER .'...
ij & MILLER ..
.J%"" ... -, .. .;...,":, ..,' .
\ .'/; : San Mateo, Fla .. .
,. ... .- -" .,.:-- ":

Orange :
t Actually and, Honestly Made from Animal :Bone. '


.. This is a Guaranteed. Fact.

Standard Guano & Chemical. M'f' 'g Co.No. The Old Reliable_Buckeye Nurseries..

Union St. New Orleans La..
14 I have hand the finest
on lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va
rieties. I have a specially fine lot of.Tardiffand Jaffa in two-year buds, from five
OSCAR H. NOLAN, State. Agent., to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at
Jacksonville Fla. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange. ,
.. Write for Almanac! Prices, etc. ,
.Write for prices. .
.. W,MICHAEL. Established. ,18G8. A.MICHAEL. HI. E. GILUETT, Prep.,
Weirsdale, Ha:, I. .

.' Milwaukee Florida OraqgB: .Co.Selected P 0THSH. FERTILIZING F0R' :

strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus-Fruit Trees a Specialty. '.- Use ,only i4 .
-i Budcling-Wood for sale at all times fii .V
Our stock. Is" large' and..,complete.For Catalogue PROMPT andPrice-Ust, ATTENTION,address TO CORRESPONDENCE.. -i; fertilizers' ,Contaimng. Over IthJPer_}. Cent of Potash.

: Information-and Pamphlets. free. .v>__j* ;
A.: L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. "" -
of .- _'' :*' GERMAN KALI WORKS, WfcNassau Street, New. York_ City.
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Grove 0 Orchard. ',I reason why they could not be extensively place. Mr., Swann, in this --., ./:#,

... t planted,and the fruit,evaporatedand solve the problem of may how way. not lack'forJake fronts or.rears, and .
to cowpen,a when the
trees that
find a ready market. ,, ,are planted and
The Fig-Its Value and Possibili With its grove without.danger of injury,yet.w e being set ,out get a few ,
years growth
many advantages, it is would rather the
ties. experiment be triedon
on them it
strange that the is will be a beautiful
Editor Farmer not more expensively his grove than ours.
and made
Fruit Grower so Dame
: by
planted and ,its posslbllItles'developed The Nature, helped by

It is strange that this, delicious,fruit: and it is with a,view of call- Swann's general is appearance of Mr. the skillful hand of ,man. He has
is not more place that of thrift, and: a fenced one'lake and the
extensively planted. The ng attention to these facts that this visit to his barns showed prairie around,
hardy varieties that his ideas it for for, his
if given winter pro article is written. of. pasture cattle and Texas

tection, have a wider geographicalrange :If J. H. GlRXRDEAU.' Florida.caring for stock did 4 not t originate i in ponies which he is raising. A large

than is generally supposed, the Monticello, }.. ''.:.' .- While the part of this prairie could be made into
Celestial fruiting as far north as .. ::'.' noticed cows were being fed we a: splendid pasture by breaking it up'and

North Carolina and Vir A Trip Through the Orange that the boy put in a small I planting to Para grass, which will' ., _
piece of rosin >
features gum, such as is frequently .
They have certain that Groves: give a much more nutritious grass,and w

should strongly recommend them tall o Mr. C. G. Adams' is found in balls on pine trees, one that the stock relish better than

who value fruit for food, or as a the oldest and the grove among and on inquiring the reason for so do- any of the natural grasses. A valuable
largest he has
ring was told it was to keep off ticks. .
money crop. The tree has no insect just finished laying pipes,which placesthe That it had "run" them permanent pasture could be made in -
off the
enemies and those who plant figs will 1 grove independent of the when cows, this way at small-expense. Mr. Pirie
spring sulphur and other
have at least one kind of fruit things failed. has done a very wise thing in
,, tree showers. Mr. Adams has been mak We prevent;'
give item
that will be sure, to yield them hopes that i it ing shooting of kind his
some ing some experiments in cowpenning be of value to,others. any on acres. _-
thing to eat, and not the usual annual 1 that are not very satisfactory. He die The The quail are allowed to go undis-:,

crop of disappointment that is following morning Mr. E. turbed, and even a piece of
the vided! his. land is
,,grove, placing 198 trees un Swann, in the absence of his father
too common fruitage of those brightl derfence, in which four hundredliead planted to cow peas for their special
escorted us around ,
pictured trees so glowingly described of cattle were penned at night for two the Plymouth and benefit. The white crane, heron and

and so temptingly illustrated by the weeks. The.result of this; experiment among The first orange grove other water birds hunt their food on .,
fruit grove visited was that of the borders of these
traveling lakes
-tree man. is unmolested
that he will lose
a good portion of Mr. W. H. Wardwell .
of Boston! It and do
Speaking of the fig in Middle Flor the trees from dieback. The line of I consists of not fly at the appearance of
ida, I can state that I cannot recall a the fence which enclosed the 'is which acres of budded tree? I man (what they would do if a woman
cows loaded
are with
single failure of this crop during the very distinct. On one side the trees I Wardwell has Mr appeared on the scene we are unable

thirty odd years over which I can are in good condition while the the an irrigating plant and to say-Editorial Notes in Florida. .
on during
dry spring the
I look"back. :kept, Agriculturist '
A dozen trees other side !< grove :
planted the _
trees _
are dying and look well watered.
He 'fertilized .
in the .
the '
near house can be ... .-
depended uponto very badly. We do not think Mr. fall and ,to this and the irrigating .' V.*-
we "
supply with

fresh figs,family besides all that an abundanceof are needed 1. his Adams wants. There to see another cow i in attribute his phenomenal crop. The Root Knot-Satsuma.Orange.. ...'.,>...:.....
grove. are a number of fine
for arid oranges on a part of his grove were Our Texas contributor .t,
Mr. H. i.\
preserves marmalades. l looking groves about Sorrento .
but tKe
bright while on the other side Stringfellow
The mocking birds will they \ some time backMhought
levy a smal owners do not '
seem to have the science i :
were On
rusty. mentioning this fact( he had grievance' ..
tax 'the fruit which against tie
upon nurserymen
they more of f ed'kdown the :
: to that him
point to in
a letter he "
replied Thi s of Baker
than repay by the destruction of insect the "' bo county, Florida, in
growers DeLand have. ._ was because rtn one side,.of_ th hat
the --- --- .ornvp..... .. hey were the of
pests in ., '--- ---- .means introducing
garden riant a Heavy. -
crops every year is the rule no sulphur
was used. This
few was done the root knot
extra trees to offset into Texas
loss here through
by over a large portion of the
to what
the birds; do not shoot them by the State it is other see effect sulphur had on the stock sold to him. In the Farm andr-
every year or trees, from: which it would Ranch of
hundred September
as'a' grape grower boasted every third appear i, he makes the
that he had -done year. .. that sulphur was a. good article to use following manly retraction: .
some years since We drove 1.
through grove of Mr. for the ,
in your journal. Such utilitarian spread of the rust "In view of the full and .
a Calvin Butts. He is both fortunateand mite." We able expo ,.,
spirit is, I hope, exotic in ,Florida.., .J unfortunate. Fortunate that must agree with him that sition of the whole subject of root knot ,
After a fig tree has seems favorable to the sul- and root tumor _
arrived by Prof.
at ,the his grove is located on such good land phur. Mr. Wardwell's Malley, and

bearing age it will stand a very l low that he has been able to make fine dently has lacked grove evi- a comparison of notes with other fruit '

temperature without injury what- with never for care and growers in Texas, I wish to .
any trees such a small outlay and the abundant say that
ever, and will stand any amount of unfortunate that he has not been able yield year will cer- in 'several former articles I have done ,.
to tainly
neglect. It is a common sight to find properly feed the. grove so as to yield of compensate for a large part ,Florida nurserymen d great injustice .

an old fig tree in perfect health and it.All in thinking that these diseases
large .
crops.nis grove has the capac- ,of the believers in navel were, .
vigor standing alone in orangesare confined to that
an old field of State.
ity producing from ten to fifteen not dead, for in our ride Being on the
the surviving witness of we pass- immediate coast and
a former thousand boxes, 'and he estimates the ed never having '
a young grove that had but
settlement. One cause of a recent seen a case on the peach or be-
great yield at only two thousand boxes. plum
It been I
ly set, all the trees '
deal of being of his fore I
misapprehension was alarmed
as to the seems such a pity to see large fine If at its appearance. .
hardiness of the fig lies in the fact that looking trees capable of holding,fromten variety. the owner has a long and not knowing how generally it was
pocketbook lots
of patience and i is
it is tender scattered
very while and I over Texas called
young, even to twenty boxes each attention
only growing for .
in. Florida- must be oranges quality alone, he to it in Texas Farm
protected and
off from Ranch. .
turning four
every : to five. This i is will make'a
success of it. When
winter until it is we Whether the
four or five years old, the case not only with Mr. Butts but see thousands of l disease prove ultimately
or is fully_ grown or in full beariner. hundreds or-others. trees cut down and rphiifMprl bearing, navel 'damaging,. or not.. -it does seem; strange
After this it needs no we-. ran.--- that more notice nas
protection wnat-: We ---I not been
cannot see any reason why their not but think that Mr. taken
Callamore is of it
ever, and is a good and heretofore as it
permanent investment. groves cannot be made to seems to prevail
making a but
it is his
I so
know trees in generally. As far
equal to those about DeLand, for the grove and if he is satisfied as our coast

are certainly thirty years old, and land is just as good, and in many instances be. we oughtto country is concerned, it has neither
which, with total neglect have '" affected the health the
borne nor
better. productiveness
They are favorably -
equally Mr. E. Cole of Boston has
;an annual crop of at least three or four located as to'.cold during the fruit fever and has grape of the trees so far. Peach trees. .

bushels of figs. winter planted out a young set one year have made a wonderful ,'i','.

The trees often set a crop of fruit the Mr. Swann is cowpenning his grove We and,in the trees are looking fine. growth and bore quite full the present -
first year, but they, must-be four or fiv but on a far different plan than is grove, full hope of fruit a years they will bas e season. I have examined several ,f
, gene ,as they are of
years old before they are at their best. "prom trees at Arcadia and find
erally':followed. His cows, which are ise" no sign of it r
The fruit,begins-to ripen now. Plymouth seems to be and hope,and believe that with _c. "
earlyin Holsteins
July, ,' are driven up every night blessed with a class of good '.f
and the season lasts till I late in grove owners cultivation and the' .
August. and'tied to stakes in the use of ashes 'or 7.
grove. TJiey: who have an idea of the beautiful :
It is eaten usually fresh from the as some form "of potash
trees fed they will
are. with
every night about a quartof well as the useful and the outgrow v
some tastes preferring ,an addition of cottonseed meal and hulls. This it. 'Certain it is that no finer
are laying out their land
cream and It makes for: groves growth could have been
sugar. excellent little bait makes it an made than .
easy matter tog have done it with
preserves and marmalades, and' is easi them properly.lariated. This prevents This is noticeable some in taste the and skill has been made by these Florida trees ,.;. ;

evaporated, in which form there i is the cattle from and very property I around Arcadia the present, season '
browsing of Mr. James Pirie ;:
,a merchant of New with
no reasonjwhy it should not become a mutilating the trees. The trees at York. Large a promise of a full crop the next. ;

valuable article of commerce. present are,looking well,but the future and lined with oak avenues trees are laid, out' The summer here has been the wettest .:
on both sides t
* There are no fig orchards in Florida, effects will depend on the future man- making a beautiful( ever knew. While too much rain ,

a dozen trees being about the maximum agement and ,on 'the extent to which through' his driveway His to and has fallen,for crops, my Oonshiu or ';

number on one place. I know of nor the cows are allowed' toVremain: one is between two groves.lakes, so building that he does site Satsuma. When orange trees seem/fo/ revel 1'in ;

I kt. once well established this ;'

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tree is not ,near the. dwarf it is supposed tions and find the. bacteria there again full. The farmer figures 20 bushels come scarcer each year, of course, i
to be. I have never seen the doing their work.In will fill 40 half bushel baskets, but and the alternative must be this sup-
common sweet orange make a stronger the course of my experiments I when he counts the baskets but 32 are ply from the golden State, which is
growth. Hundreds of shoots of the have not had occasion to prove that found. A dispute at once arises, but, doing so much to improve the wholesome -
present season :are four to five' feet bacteria cause the disease, but in being sold and bought by the basket, consumption of nature's best
long and but for the late spring frost working on the disease in order to the producer takes his pay'and departs. food. No industry is more to be
would have been full of fruit. Thereis study it I have been compelled in The dealer fills his 7-16 bushel or 14 commended thnn the fruit growers of

quite a sprinkling as it is. many cases to produce it myself. The quart basket and then has 45 5-7 bask- California. But ,something should be
present spring I received some pear ets. The dealer paid for 32, but now done to give flavor and quality to the

Lemon Culture Here and in Italy. twigs from Thomasville, Ga. From sells 45 5'7, gaining 13 5-7 baskets on vast quantity, and so make it worth
these I isolated the pear blight germs the 20 bushels. Frequently such deal- !. our while to bring it East. It is said
Last year the United States con cultures and carried the that the the
the loudest
by on exper- ers are complainers.WE long journey across continent -
sumed $5,000,000 worth of lemons iments with them. I did not wait for NEED WISE LEGISLATIONand is most detrimental to these

from abroad. California and Floridacan pear blight tOappear here, but had it the co operation of good, honest perishable wares, but that does not
grow lemons, and ought to ,cap- : under my own control and got some merchants, backed by every horticul- seem to be all the trouble. Horticul-
ture the bulk of this trade, but have ,,very interesting results in the distribu- tural association in the country against turists, in fact, tell a different. story.
not, done so yet. The San Francisco tion of blight! and as to its workingson tricksters of this kind. Barrels, crates, At all events. connoisseurs prefer to
Chronicle says that Mr. M. C. Nason, the flowers. I found that it grewin baskets, boxes, etc., should be of es- this day a New England 'Bartlett,pear
a San Diego grower, has,just returned the nectar of the flowers, and was tablished sizes and so easily distin- to the superb golden'-skinned, snow-
from a ,four.months', trip to Italy and ,distributed by' insects visiting the guishable that every buyer and seller white.fleshed variety that grew in the
Sicily, to; study their methods of lemon flowers for, honey. These results led knows what he buys and sells. The sun of the Pacific slope. The plums,

growing and find out what was to my being sent by Assistant Secre- size of pint and quart berry boxes too, are full of sugary pulp, and the.
lacking at home. While he keeps tary Willits to Western New York to sometimes returned in crates, is often peaches, marvels of color, taste no
some himself, for use in his ,continue the experiments there on a surprising. Every manufacturer has better than flannel soaked in syrup.

own business, he says that California, larger scale. In a single test tube I his own notion about the size or else Unfortunately, Boston i is on the outer
growers take too much time and trouble carried all my stock of germs, and I in his calculation must figure on edge of the fruit centres and has
in ,curing their lemons. Where had artificial of Crates have been it
an epidemic pear liquid measure. never never as liberally supplied as
months are now taken, he can do it blight in an orchard in Western New been returned to me with boxes of would like with the best qualities.

better in thirty days. In Sicily all ,:York which came originally from different makes of the same size. They can be obtained in some of. the
work is done by hand, even to the Georgia germs. After all this work it GRADING OF ORANGES.In markets, but it' is chiefly to accident ,.

cultivation of each tree, and great :seems to me absurd to deny that pear many instances it may not be or the condescension of the shippers,
care is taken with every detail. Someof blight is caused by these bacteria.- the quality as much as the care in who send everything to New York as '.,
the best orchards are on a soil com Professor Waite. preparing for market. Citrus fruits a matter of course."

posed of a mixture of earth and the represent a class of which there is no Yet this same Boston editor seemsto
ashes from Mount Etna. The ash better in the world. hanker for
Fruit Grading. graded Especially some more of this taste-
seems to prevent the growth of scale. is this true of Florida and Cali- less fruit and raps the selfishness. ofNew
Their trees are older than ours the One of the most interesting papersfor
fornia oranges. The fine grading of York for keeping i it to itself.
fruit smaller and the rind thinner. the advancement of proper grad- this class of fruit was brought abouta Carlyle said the population of the
ing and packing of fruits ever' read
When ours obtain the same the
age dozen houseon United States million
years ago by a packing was "forty
before an assemblage was that deliv-
fruit will be as good. On his ,
way the St. River Fla. fools." These millions
Johns Astheywere mostly 'buy
ered by W. B. K. Johnson at meet-
continent ,
the fruit
home across a
fruit for its
constantly buying, they were chiefly looks, and the
ing of the Pennsylvania Horticultural
broker showed Mr. Nason Californiaand able and the fruit. This of fools the
grade wrap money pleases California'
Sicilian lemons side by side. The Society, held in Harrisburg, Pa., early
became established business well other kind. The
soon an growers as as any
fruit was equally good but the for- this year. He said:
; the State. Since scheme Eastern
throughout orange only we see whereby?
mer only a few days from the coast "Fruit and garden producers are
shipping from Florida to Savannahfirst people can get even with the Pacific
begin to spoil as soon as the box is much in need of a general system for '
took the of the Coast would be
place, grading shippers to print plentyof
We have
grading. must
while the Sicilian after a sea legislationand
open, has all
orange taught shippers over gorgeous greenbacks, and pay them
co-operation as well the
voyage and journey across country, as enforcement the country a lesson until California for their fiat fruit with fiat money.
keep in good condition. Said the of such laws enacted by our
its fine '
ships plums, apricots, peaches,
broker: "We are glad to handle Cali- legislation. To day, we have men authorized pears and other fruits so that now it J. R. Gilbert has commenced manufacturing -
fornia fruit, but you fellows somehow to inspect flour, coal, oil, is almost as common on the stands of brooms and brushes of all
haven't found the combination for whiskies,. etc.' placing their official fruit venders as our own. kinds at Kissimmee from the common
properly curing your fruit. mark on each article inspected. .. wire grass so plentiful on the flat prairie
!These are bought and sold by the Insipid California Fruits. lands of this State. Tampa people
,grade as marked upon each case con- Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower
have the goods for sale, and they 'are
Fire Blight in the Pear.
the article. Fruit is
taining inspected The article on California Fruit, becoming quite popular. The enter
.Let me state to you in a few words used extensively every day in every from the Boston Herald, may be goodto prise is assuming quite large
what the evidence is that bacteria State of our Union, and yet no systemof reprint for the benefit of dissatis- tions. They are also offered for propor-sale
cause pear blight. I have been work- grading or inspection is in force. fied :Floridians. I spent two yearsin in Jacksonville.
ing for over two years on this disease, Grading fruit is not simply separate California, and can add my testi- .
and at the time I commenced I accepted ing the better from the inferior; thereis mony. All fruit grown there, ex- Deafness Cannot be Cured

the fact as proven that bacteria another grading which is pre eminent cepting grapes, is wonderfully beautiful By local applications; as they cannot
did'cause the blight, and have ,'uniform measure. Our old stand- and as wonderfully insipid. reach the diseased portion of the'ear.
i been working means of distribution, the way they have become so old fashioned they area Melrose,Fla. i ,and that is by constitutional reme-
spend the winter etc., but it has never mere figure head with many fruit "O! what benefit is the enormous dies. Deafness is caused by ,an in- .
occurred to me to dispute the main' dealers. The per cent. of iruit and supply of California fruits if when they flamed condition of the mucous liningof
fact that the disease was caused by vegetables thus measured is exceed. reach the East there is no taste nor the Eustachian Tube. When this

the germs. This is the series of facts ingly small. ,Barrels, crates, baskets, flavor in the luscious looking pears tube is inflamed you have a rumbling
in which we have proven that bacteria: berry boxes, etc., are now used to and peaches? Could be fruit be more sound or imperfect hearing, and whenit
cause pear blight. In the first place, carry fruit and ship to distant markets.No ideal in appearance, and yet more ab- is entirely closed Deafness is the
they are always found associated with fault is to be found with the box, solutely soulless than the Californiacrop result, and unless the inflammationcan
the disease when fresh specimens are barrel or crate, but in the matter of when it comes to Boston and be taken out and this tube restoredto

examined. In the second place, we sizes specified regulations should he other cities on this coast? It is a its normal condition, hearing will \\
are able to take these bacteria from adopted. I have found baskets hold-, veritable feast of Tantalus which those be destroyed forever. Nine cases out
the blighting twigs and cultivate them ing yb, YZ and 7-16 bushel. Each of who thirst after the fruits of this earthare of ten are caused by catarrh, which is
on nutrient media. We grow themin these sizes is a basket of the original learning to avoid. If beauty were i nothing but an inflamed condition of

these culture media and propagate intention. Probably no wrong was all of it But the tempting, over- the mucous surfaces.We .
them over winter. We are able to indtended, but the matter of sizes has grown specimens in the markets and will give One Hundred Dollarsfor
them in the that opened the doors wide for the the fruit stands remind
grow same way you perpe on the philosophic any case of Deafness (caused by
would seeds in a field. We then take tration of fraud. The inexperienced, purchaser of a collection of catarrh)that cannot be cured by Hall's
them-grown in culture tubesinoculate thinking a basket means a half bushel, handsome, brainless women, with Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars; free
them into the growing tissues of offer their produce at so much per whom he would fain dally awhile and F. J. CHENEY & Co.,
the pear and produce the disease. basket. The buyer brings out his ffl. then pass on leaving them untasted' Toledo, O.
We then examine the diseased bushel basket and wants it filled round
por- and unbought Our native fruits be- .l6rSold by Druggists, 75c.



.... .., 11
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somewhat uncertain. I have seen the
The Pinery. product of two importations of them.

One lot had three distinct varietiesand

Edited by,JOHN B. BEACH. Melbourne, Fla. the other four. The owner of the o rsllhan'ltli

lot last named was quite sure that u p
The Pineapple.%. there were five varieties.

BY REV. JAMES H. WHITE. One sort was more numerous than
the others and I think the best of the
[Written for the Farmer and Fruit Grower.]
lot. This is a small but very good n.gla 4enVuse
VARIETIES.A apple and I think it is the one that

few years ago some one said of Florida cultivators should recognize as
the kaki that its nomenclature was in the Jamaica Ripley. But that it is the PAIN-KILLER. By its timely use serious results are preventedwhen
neglect of supposed trifling ailments or accidents may cause long
"hopeless confusion." Beyond a few Ripley Queen as it was originated in suffering and expensive doctors' bills.A .

of the more common sorts the same is England and described by English lady, writing to the "New England Farmer of August i, 87, after -
true of the names of different varietiesof cultivators cannot possibly be true as giving good advice as to the care of children says : "Perry Davis' Pain-
the pineapple. There seems to be anyone will see who will compare the Killer is worth the price of your life in some cases-much more than a
two causes for the confusion of names: I description with the fruit as grown on i doctor for the diseases people, and especially children,suffer from in hot
It Cholera Morbus, Cramps, Colic and Diarrhcea imme-
I weather. cures
The of varieties Indian River. Then again we have
if mother wouldPA1t4KILLER
\diately. Many a young life might be saved every
without distinctive qualities. the Black Jamaica and Montserrat,

2. Carelessness in the use of names. both of the Bidwell stock, and the

The Queen is an example of the Black Antigua, though called a trio,
first. This excellent variety is an yet I am confident that nature made

early result of trials for the productionof them one.
new varieties from the seeds of the From these examples the reader can

earlier sorts. I have seen it bearingthe get a .glimpse of the confusion of

following names: Egyptian names with which this subject is beset Send for book on Summer Complaints mailed free to any address.
Queen, Gypsy Queen, Golden Queen, and I see no way out of it unless the Remember-Only Pain-Killer kills pain. Bottles now contain double the\
Victoria and Cleopatra. American Pomological Society will do quantify, at'same price.
Charlotte Rothschild is one of many for the pineapple what it has done for PERRY DAVIS & SON Solo Proprietors, PROVIDENCE R. I.

examples of the second.I the nomenclature of some other fruits.
doubt if there is a true Charlotte The Florida Horticultural Society --

Rothschild in this region. The name could do the preliminary work and dition for three weeks after being Boston, Chicago and Jacksonvile. The M
has come to me from two sources. perhaps its weight is sufficient to shipping was largely experimental.

The first was from A. I. Bidwell in give the needed authority to its utter- ripe.It itself freely by suck- Abbaka apples, weighing from five
cultivated it under that without the aid of the National propagates
1884I ances, to nine sent by to
ers. Its fruit is of medium size, two express
name for several years, by the side of society. and a half to five pounds. Its color, Chicago, retailed for $i each, and

the Smooth Cayenne. I found the SPANISH. though rich golden, is rather light, netted me about fifty cents. I am

two identical in every point but one. Synonyms-Red Pine, Red Span- bordering on lemon color, hence its convinced that for the table, fresh, the

Their habits'of growth were the same ish, Black Spanish, Key Largo. synonym, Lemon Queen. That it finer kinds will gradually crowd the

-very few slips. The fruit indentical Plants of medium size-two to three is identical with Egyptian Queen I am common kinds out of the market.I .
inize, form and flavor. Foliagethe shall confine myself in future to
their certain cultivated them
broad for
feet-leaves quite having
in color form and length
same Abbaka Smooth Cayenne and Golden
than and ,
with serrated edges-serrated both for more ten years nev-
The only difference I have ever been with for the Abba-
Queen preference
with occasional fruit able to discover difference between ,
rule, exceptions; er any
discover is that the leaves of
able to of medium size-two and a half to six them. There is quite a familyof ka, as it is very prolific in plants, and
one are'nearly destitute of spines, while the is It be
pounds.Of Queens but this one is evidentlythe apple large. can as easily
the other is armed for defense.It .
fully the Red Spanish with
as pointsof
mother of them all. It is one of grown
is a Cayenne--J in every particular. its quality I wrote many years the first raised in England.And size, flavor, and lack of the fibre
. "Prickly"Cayenne.." The other ago, for the California Horticulturist, seedlings marked largely in its favor. Any good land
in several
points a
Charlotte Rothschild was from the Agricultural as follows: "I have often thought thoroughly cultivated and fertilizedwill
of the best departure from all former types.
Department and is identical while eating some speci
them.I .
I This is true of its exte- grow
with Black Jamaica of the Bidwell im mens of the Red Spanish that it isI particularly These exterior do my own planting, almost all of
rior surface. irregu-
Also identical with this about as good as a pine apple can be, ,
portation. it in October and November, as the
called all writers
are the Black Prince and choice West and I yet think that a large and well- are "pips" by plants make strong roots during the
this has few upon this subject of whom I have any
India received from the ripened apple of variety
same source. When
Mr. Beach who winter, and are not likely to rot.
From the Department of Agriculture superiors.As knowledge except ,
calls them the spring rains come the plants grow
I also have Prickly Cayenne and a market variety it yet "holds"the "nipples. rapidly, and mature after smaller
had flat very
All the older sorts pips
Black Jamaica, both of which are fort," and is likely to for some time to conical apples are out of the market. I have
while those of the
Queen are
identical with the Abbakacha of the come. Next in commercial impor-
had Abbaka apples all the year.
and pointed. And this is also true of
Sanford importation.I tance is the Queen. With shipping facilities better each
all the family of Queens.!
have Ripley Queen from four QUEEN.SynonymsEgyptian. marked departure from former sortsis year, mills and factories throughoutthe
sources, and no two of them are alike. land running full force, resultingin
the flavor. This is distinct"and
The first from A. I. Bidwell who Queen, Gyp. very
This the free circulation of money, some
imported it from England, and I haveno sy Queen, Golden Queen, Victoria'sQueen quite peculiar. peculiar of it is bound to come our way.I .
doubt of its being the genuine and Lemon Queen, Cleopatra and flavor is very agreeable to many per- know of nothing that will give as
and is indescribable by the
Victoria. Of this sort the "PineappleManual" sons
original Ripley Queen. It answersto aromatic. One En- good and as quick returns if (and here
the description of the Ripley says: "For general purposesno phrase slightly of.
comes the if) well taken care
is the .
writer thinks Queen
is better. It is dwarf in glish
in both the "Pine variety
Queen, as given There is no fruit as healthful as the
oldest of all the varieties they
habit free to easily excited to
Manual" and grow
"Thompson'sPineapple in Florida
apple pineapple, and we can putit
But this is evidently a mistake,
when is good
fruit and well-grown a ,
Culture much ,
nearer in market and
riper, consequentlymore
fair useful size and its flavor is most probably growing out of the fact thatit
than either of the others. This description palatable) than any other coun-
is their oldest seedling.Island .
excellent. It will and make a
is so much like that of the grow try. F. N. PRICE.
Queen that any sort that differs much !i mature fruiting plant earlier, and will Home Georgiana P. 0., Merrill's Island, Fairview Pinery, Orlando, Fla.
from the Queen cannot be a genuine swell off, mature and ripen its fruit in Fla. .. --.-.<.-
Ripley Queen. less time than any other variety." We tried yesterday a new variety
Culture" Pine Culture Under Cover. (here at least) of pine-the CharlotteRothschild. ,
They are so near alike that after Thompson's "Pineapple
cultivating them separately for ten says of it: "This old and well known Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: It was tender, juicy and

years, I doubt the expediency of variety still holds its position as one of Having a small pinery on my home rich, of good flavor, and resembles
useful of containing five varieties of pine- somewhat the Queen; but has too
maintaining two names for varieties so the best and most generally place,
nearly identical.Of all pines. It is a free grower, dwarf apple plants, I became convinced of much free acid to suit us. With' the

the other three one was a Sugar and compact in habit, a very certain the profit in growing pines, and so cultivation and fertil iing practicedhere

Loaf, one the Variegated Ripley of fruiter,, comes quickly to maturity, is planted my pinery at Lake Fairview, it might become more sweet. It.
Jamaica and the other the Jamaica very handsome in shape, and of a rich four miles north of Orlando, in the fall was raised by our nurseryman, Mr.

Ripley.But golden color. Its flavor as a summer of 1891.In John B. Beach. Nothing beats tie
exactly what are Jamaica Rip- and autumn pine is not excelled by the spring of 1893 I commenced, east side fruit here, we think. Tifus-

leys and what are not is at present any other, and it keeps in good con. marketing fruit, shipping to New York, ville Advocate. .

6 v' < .. ... ',- <" ; -'. '" 'L '.. _-..:.,', .'''-'',.,'''
n '. .









Importers of .J .

Manufacturers of _
-- _
Sulphate Potash = I
__ -g =--=- All Kinds of BRANDS

From Germany. SUITABLE FOR OB-


HIGH GRADE SULPHATE _.z- .:< -, __ ._.. .._, .. ;.;._.......__ ._ .. L.'_-. -._ ANGE TREES, Peach

90-95 per cent $46.00 per ton. _.... ...o:.:: Trees, Strawberries,

Pine a pples.


48-55 per cooL Sulphate Potash Write for a _

Jacksonville lz7oo pe.ton, , on board cars =_-_ r'"wryer' I Iii_ y -- Pamphlet GiuinqFiIIl

a Z .
3 i t Particulars

Also large buyers of .
TO --

KVBfU Kind I( of -- = j;=- =- 1 East Bay Jacksonville Street, : Fla.

Raw Material, TOLockhart little,

evnn wn.. n v.

Farmer $ Trucker ing down clover is in Missouri, we Insurance
for Farmers. :*
shall have better results from our Cowpeas In the Grove.

Preparing Land for Oats. crops, particularly the broadcastedones. I Some time ago one of our corres- Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.

Editor CHAS. W. CAMPBELL, Sr. pondents inquired why .it is not feasible Thanking you for the prompt reply .
Farmer and Fruit
Grower: Campobello Plantation Marlon Co. to have insurance for the in your issue of the 25th, I beg the
I have several acres in an old field privilege of
crop. The nearest approach to this seeking further informa-
which have not been cultivated for Manure Should be Housed. that we ever heard of is live stock tion along the same line. Some time

two or three years. The land is .medium The plant foods in farmyard ma- insurance, and in this only one successful within the past two years I have read,
low pine land and is fairly fer I as from authority and I think
nure speedily become soluble in wa experiment has been made in from
tile. Now, I would like to plow it ter. Such manure should therefore 'America, to our knowledge. This your paper, but I am not certain, this

up, say in October and November, be protected from rain to prevent was the Northwestern Live Stock information: The writer favoring the

and sow in oats. It will be very leaching. A large proportion of the Insurance Company, which was car practice of using the cowpea to fertil-

turfy, and when and how to properly nitrogen in animal refuse is voided in ried on successfully for eight ize orange groves on pine land, to
break up the land and plant the seed the form of urine, and, 'generally but has succumbed to the hard times. leave it standing as it grew, to die or

. is a question I would like for you to speaking, the richer the diet the higher The secretary of it, writing in The rot, so far as it would, until time to

solve St. Johns for me.County. Z. this proportion will be. If. there- Spe tator. has this to say: plow the grove the following spring,

fore, the manure is The thus hading the crrnnnd and artincr: as
[REPLY BY MAJOR CAMPBELL. exposed and al excessive moral hazard in live
] lowed to be washed by rain,and these stock insurance mulch, and also retaining the most nitrogen -
as compared with
The ground referred to should be from the
washings allowed to drain away, much other branches of insurance arises plant as available food
broken at once with a good turning- for the tree. I would
loss of valuable material will surely' from the fact that there ask of your con-
plow so the sod may be evenly turned To are so many tributors, who have had
occur. this fact is attributed'' the' simple in which the experience in
up side down and left so for a monthor of owner of a this way, is this good
superiority "box" manure that horse economical
or may permit him to die without
six weeks and then harrowed and collected in stalls and under shelter deliberately practice? I would also ask is it wiseto
cross harrowed with a heavy two horse performing the act of let hogs run in the
over which is collected and killing him. The fear of detectionthat grove and feedon
harrow and thoroughly torn to pieces. rotted< in an open lot. deters from the peas? Will they be likely to
Two weeks after or November i, sow It should setting fire to injure the trees if allowed
also be remembered that their dwellings in order to run in the
to the
one and a half to two bushels to the ? These
urea, which constitutes the chief nitrogenous benefit of fire insurance does grove are practical questions,
acre and plow in with a one horse prevail and may benefit more than
ingredient of urine is to one.
any great extent in live stock
Let the
plow. plow run a little below
speedily changed by fermentation into insurance for F.
i the reason that it is not
where it was first broken.It carbonate of Mannfield Citrus County. Fla.
is a loss to sow oats on other than volatile, and ammonia which will, which is very stallion necessary that the owner of the Will our subscribers who have.had
speedily escape
fallow land or clean cultivated corn performs the act experience please ?
if report
means are not ready at hand of killing him
as by
improper feedor
land in this -
country. My experiencelast for -
catching, and.retaining it in the over-feeding or watering the death
season confirmed me in this. _1'.., Self-sucking Cows.
neap as last: as it is produced icr- oi me animal oe
My usual practice is to follow uy may brought about We would not
corn mentation. When the fermentationgoes in a short attempt a cure on an
with oats or sow on fallow land. It on in a place protected from the insurance very period of time, and animal of ordinary value. Side barsor

was not so I could do this last f fall, so r carbonaceous matter is company takes the con- nose contrivances will prevent the

I just sowed down and plowed in and t but very little nitrogen is lost destroyed providedthe moral sequences.hazard Another is excessive reason is why becausea the sucking but an ordinary beast is- not
although the oats in in worth the trouble
were put the t entailed. It is
proper means.retaining it have stallion that be
may actually wortha
best possible manner I made probably one chance in
a com- t been provided. The rotted thousand ten if your
manure dollars
to-day, in ten
plete failure. may heifer freed from the
when will
well made is more concentratedthan days or thirty days have become yield
My neighbor out of the same lot of t the fresh/*having lost much duced to the value of re enough to pay cost of feed and risk
seed and at the same time, sowed two I weight during fermentation with plug an ordinary and pay for herself. Then add the
through of
some one the
fields, one on a piece of land which many trouble and expense to
comparatively little loss of valuable little accidents that befall overcome
had a month before been vicious and
sown in rye constituents. such as impairment of his vexatious habit it is too
which on account of poor seed failedto Any kind of vegetable substance if breeding much. We advise you to beef her'on
powers, or a race horse, the strain
come up. This was the same as which is be one of the rations in Bulletin 80
appropriated for ma- ing of-a tendon render p. 14,
may him for
fallow land and made the best and the beef
crop nurial should also be money into a
purposes, cared ever useless and worthless and thereby young
of oats I have ever seen on pine cow free from bad habits..
grown for in a similar manner to that proposed causing a collapse of his value instantaneously If the cow
land. The other was the same kind for was a full blooded and registered
of land I, manure. By of ninety per cent., and
but not fallow animal it
and made would be different
an it a
storing the "protected if in the matter,
compost hands he is
entire failure wrong sure to be 1 but for
although in inferior
put the and allowing it to decompose along. sold to the insurance stock it is not worth
same week and with the company. t the trouble. If
same. care. with animal droppings, a home ma. you desire to save
This land ought to have been put nure possessing a high agriculturalvalue 1 .1 the heifer and_ keep on the side bars

in peas in July and fed down. When will be secured.-Prof. A. A. The bather Coronado continually for a long time, two or
feeding down cow peas or pinders be- Beach, reported 1 three she
Persons in Bulletin 22, Florida Ex killed years, may forget it but thee
"omes the custom in Florida as feed periment Station. water from heart by disease.a shark, died- in th 1 first act of licking an itching place

]may recall it even then, and your


J. ., -'. "





f' 567


trouble all. for naught.-N. C. Ex., Poultry. We know from long experience< that Condition powders should not be- ;

y -'""- the Leghorn and Hamburg will lay given unless the hens are sick, as anything 01

Cowpea Hay.4 Stacker. Edited by E.W.AMSDEN.Ormond. Fla. well when three years old. Now, if that is given them while they are

.......- ...,.... -- -- eggs are what you expect to make healthy overstimulate
The illustration may them and
showsa I
method accompany of Turkeys for Breeding Purposes. your profit on, start with the number induce the eating of more than is .1

pea.hay devised stacking by the or Arkansas cocking cow Experiment Of all poultry the turkey seems to you can care for well. Keep them in necessary. Feed too little rather than
Station be the easiest affected by inbreeding* flocks of not more than twentyfive.Do too much when the hens can scratch
though the underlying and it is not wise to retain a gobblermore not have a male bird on the place and work. .

principle is familiar to hundredsof than one year. If the breed is for the first two years. In January of ----.S..
farmers. The dimensions
frame be of the to be kept pure, the gobbler should be the third year put a male in as many Gravel and Shells.
may regulated by the makerto bought from some source from whichno pens as you want eggs lor hatching,
suit himself, according to the size Ground oyster shells are sharp and
previous purchase has been made.If selecting the best layers, and not over
of the serve to assist the
stack fowls
desired. Three to reduce
: poles or the
the purity of the breed is not desirable fifteen to one male.
stakes are driven into the ground at food in the gizzard. Where the shellsare
we advise the use of pure- From these pens gather to set.
each end of the stack, the two outer eggs not easily obtained a large supply
bred males, and to make a change Ycur February and March
ones leaning together and touching at hatching of grit may be secured by the substi-
season, by using a: bl onze will. in five
the Cross-bars every gob pullets lay months, or in tution of sharp
top. are spiked to gravel, or by pounding
bier and White
one Hollandthe and
year August September. The old hens
these uprights one after another broken crokery or chinaware.
as next. It is true that the colorsof l will in
cease ; then is the timeto When the fowls
the do
stack is built
Poles boardsare not
or a
the plumage will not be uniform but of them. sup-
dispose An farm
laid these egg ply of grit they liable
on lengthways of the are to have indi
stack the lower greater hardiness and vigor will be in this way cannot help but prove prof. gestion.
course being a
inches above the ground sufficient to imparted to the flock. Never procurea itable. Hatch only in three years eggs >-.-.
male turkey from your neighbor, for from matured fowls chicks will
keep the hay up and allow a circula- ; your A Few Tested Remedies.'Vhile' .
nearly all the turkeys in a neighborhood be strong and vigorous. Use cockerels -
tion of air
underneath. The I
pea- are related, as a rule, owing to to mate ,with hens, and those not rely on spongia in most all
vines are mown and allowed to wiltas cases of'roup, yet it is not
the fact specific
but few new ones are procuredfrom related. They should be eight months by
much as may be without causingthe outside. Keep the best hens, old. any means. In the first symptoms,

leaves to become crisp and crum those that have proved to be good In selecting the hens to and running at the nostrils, and a short
ble to pieces. A layerof them is then pen quick sneeze, aconitum nux as
and mothers a remedy
layers but always procurethe gather the eggs for hatching, unless
built on the poles about : foot is preferable. When
up a male insure there is a
so as to no you are a close observer and can select
deep, then a second course of poles is i thick discharge from the nose mercu-__
laid and a second layer of vines put rius is indicated. We have found

on, and so on. The settling of the "4i hepar-sulphur, in alternation with

vines allows air to penetrate between p spongia, effective as a cure when spon-

each two layers, and prevents heatingand gia alone would not be sufficient.

molding. The same device will ;i Spongia is very effective when there is

answer equally well for other coarse i: J4tV4IAi.zt's.1MLx a rattling sound in the throat. For

forage, as Para grass, millet, kaffir canker, first clean the cankerous sub-

corn, etc. stance off the surface; rinse the mouth

For the cqt| we are indebted to the and throat clean and apply either

courtesy of the Rural New Yorker. burned pulverized alum or powdered

i 1 I borax, with a little sulphate of copper
S. P. Shepherd has been growing I mixed with it; put hepar sulphur in

beggar weed for several years in his the drinking water. t '

. young groves and the crop this yearis Here is a remedy for warts or sore-

the best of all. It is about four head, as it is commonly called. It is

feet high, completely shading the a species of roup. I have had fowls'

ground, and does not in the least in. combs and wattles filled with these

terfere with the growing of his orange little cankerous sores before they

trees. It rather seems to benefit them were discovered. I first bathe the

the dense shade keeping the ground head in warm water and vinegar and

moist and cool.-Lake Brantly Item in boraic acid. Soak the sore spots -wellthen

Orlando Reporter. wipe dry with a clean cloth.

i Now take a piece of copperas, dip it
Instead of 50,000 crates as the pine in water and_ rub it on the sore
__ spot;
of the State h "
, crop the East Coast alone ship to the other members of the flock.P. those that have proven to be the best it will kill the cankerous matter of(the

shipped nearly 63,000 crates by rail, H. Jacobs in Farm and Fireside. layers, pick those that are longbodied, sore and dry it up in twelve hours.

to fruit say that nothing of schooner loads of stand well upon their legs; the nearer This is a never failing remedy for can-

went directly from the Keysto the true type of the breed you are ker sore. You need not be afraid of

Eastern fruit markets or via Key The Old Hens. using the better the result. If Leg- getting it in the eye, for it will do no

West and by steamers from there. Unless very valuable a? a brooder horns, see that they have good combs hurt. If the fowl is feverish give aco-
We believe that complete returns from she has survived her nite in the
of useful
period and yellow legs and beaks, and as near drinking water. Epsom
Bay Biscayne and the Keys would ness after she has entered upon the alike as possible. salts, one tablespoonful to a quart of

bring the output of the East Coast up third summer of her existence, says a water, is a good preventive. Ho-

to 90,000 or 100,000 crates, easily.- correspondent: of the Fanciers' Monthly. Lice and Laying moepathic remedies are easily admin

Juno Sun. ... Mr. Hunter, of Farm Poultry, The hens will not lay if they are istered, and if the right remedy is
-m -;;
Florida's vital statistics for March will tell you when one year old, or tormented by lice. They cannot selected, they are a sure cure. Fowlsare

l last reveal the fact that there before she'moults, you will save money sleep, but lose appetite, and become very susceptible to homcepathic
deaths under weremore by putting her on the market and fill exhausted. If the poultry house is treatment.-E. W. Amsden, in Southern
one year than be- her place with pullets, and illustrates : kept clean lice be but Fancier.Dr. .
tween the of and may ,
discloses ages one defective twentyfive.This sanita,. it by a column of figures which show I lice may exist even in a clean poultry --_-. ..
tion and hygiene I that two pens of Barred Plymouth i house if insecticides are not frequently Price's Cream Baking Powder
as applied to those
under It is Rock hens averaged 56 and 5654 eggs used. On the bodies of the hens World's Fair Highest Award.
one year. very plain that each and a pair of and .
amends be pullets 89 a Persian insect powder may be applied .
great must made in conditions
fraction each. This average was for with advantage. In the nests the There
to this dread- i are now over 250,000 words
necessary prevent
ful rate of mortality the six months (December to April), and refuse of tobacco factories will serve in the English language acknowledgedby
among newly
the falling off was during the winter
admirably. Scotch snuff will drive the best authorities
born, for they ought to have a fair or about
and even chance. months, when eggs were bringing forty lice away, and so will the free use of seventy thousand more than in the

.. cents per dozen. At the beginning of lime. German, French, Spanish and Ital-
spring the old hens did their best, but .
A Tonio for Nervous Prostration. ian languages combined. The Anglo-
the profit was all made when eggs were To Make Hens Lay.If Saxon is
Horsford's Acid Phosphate, race going to the earth
highpriced.We the hens do not lay cease of these
one days and that
by time
Dr. A. E. Carothers, San Antonia, Tex-
think there is considerable to be grain and feed a pound of lean meat the will
. have
ss, says: "It is the best tonic I know of I enough wordsto
in debility and nervous prostration, with said on both sides. If you are keep ,once a day to twenty hens. If they give each continent 100,000 or sucha

sleeplessness caused by mental overworkor ing fowls for eggs you will naturally I have a run, no other food will be nec- matter and still have a few left for

prolonged lactation." keep the hen sitting breed, so.called. essary. Feed the meat at night. the women's rights people.



,. j,.,', ,. ..-.-- ,- _. -:; -:.'"
:- "





568 o .


State, News., 'i:;.;' Our Rural Home. found. A. woman has perhaps become Awarded -
positively wearied with her round of
Highest Honors-World'
""- '" ""'- .
-" ,
-- social duties in Northern ;
L. J. Davis brought to our office, 'Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS a town; gos- .DD .
St.. Thomas Fla. sipy callers have no charm for her, ..r" !
Saturday morning, four specimens of ,
""' and amusements have ceased to amuse.
Navel oranges from 'blossomings of Golden Rod. Oh coming to State 1'f.::i'
our quiet settling s
December March and
May -August; Was it spring or was it summer when he down probably, in the green and fra- "
plucked from one tree.-Halifax :;(
told> me'of his love? grant pine woods, she feels that a ICEj
Journal. I only knew the earth was green the heavy burden is lifted from her shoulders : '.

Mr. Crawford Parrish has as fine a The skies nights were were brightabove full of ;melody, the ,and in the enjoyment of her soli- -.i...

grove as we saw anywhere on the trip; Southern nights so mild, tude, forgets that she has any responsi CREAM ...,,
his system of sheep-penning each The wayside bloomed with flowers and bilities other than the demands made fi.
grove and then cultivating it certainly no winds blew bleak or wild. upon herself and family. Seldom is a

makes the trees look finely. We noticed When he told me of his love-was't. there in these neighborhoods, a select BAKING

several grapefruit trees .heavily spring or summer time ? little coterie of friends for mutual 1 <

laden with fruit nearly ripe, at least I only know the mocking bird kept singing reliance, when sickness or other misfortune .J.

commencing to turn yellow, which one sweet' rhyme. overtakes us, as is the case
will soon bring a high price. We The chain hillside e'er streamlet bound bubbled on, no icy generally in the North; except whenit PWVDffi

could write a column about the groves Its lucid waters, and the pines sighed happens that a number of families :'
and beauties of Oak Hill, Mitchell. fOJ th their dreamy sound. have emigrated from the same place, MOST PERFECT MADE.

ville and their immediate surround- forming a colony.! A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder ftot ;

ings, and when the projected railroadruns Oh, er was, never it spring knew or, summer-for I nev- It is not,so much an act of charity from Ammonia, Alum or any other adultaasfc

through from Sarasota to Plant ; The moon shone on us brightly from the to assist o:*" another here as an act of 40 YEARS THE STANDARD,

City, it.will bring this favored spot heav'ns serenely blue; humanity;;;indeed, however, it may

into immediate notice-Braidentown Sweet blossoms odors floated on. the breeze from be both. J i The "corporal works of giving to the two or more women em
Journal.! That grew and withered and rare round, us thro' mercy" include visiting the sick and ployed by them the means of earninga

Describing a visit to Mr. A. J. Pet the seasons all so fair. burying the dead, as well as feeding livelihood. .1. ,c

tigrew, the Manatee Advocate says: the hungry and clothing the naked. Who will be the first to report a trial

In the hammock we found some five Twas_ now neither I remember spring well nor,summer time, We are not sociable enough here. of the co-operative system?

or six acres in the various citrus trees, That while we walked the grassy lane, As a general rule our reason is that a MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. '

orange, lemon, grape fruit and kumquat (ere shades of evening fell), certain amount of labor must be performed .
of all the best known kinds. My arms were filled with Goldenrodso'twas and the women of the household Keep Your House Painted, .

We noticed some buds of otaheite, the autumn then-, have every hour, almost every For Our Rural Home.

stock making the dwarf trees so attractive The gathered Goden-rod not was again.scattered and was moment, filled by some imperative The FRUIT GROWER, (the farmer'scommercial

when loaded with fruit. The duty.- Housewives find great difficulty bible of the i8th contains -
nursery stock in these nurseries are The spring and summer came again, the in securing capable help;; the best we-J an interesting paper on Florida

remarkably free from any of the insect With winter and the fall. can get is often a young girl who can house building from the pen of Mr. :
blooming flowers
which often and ripening wash dishes and bring the This Sands of Maine.
pest, so disappointand fruits-each season's best of all cows. I admire his plan
annoy buyers, and are in a vig- Adown the lane we wander now;, the has led me often to wonder why women for a small house but the man who has

orous state of growth. One tree grassy way we trod, in Florida have not adopted the the courage to bring sand to Florida

among others showing 'the quick That blissful eve we gained so much but CO OPERATIVE PLAN deserves to "dwell in marble halls."
lost ,
growth, was a bud on a volunteer our The ideal Florida house should bean
MINNIE GILMORE :MILLS. at least in some of the
departments of
stock that at eighteen months from porches and the remainder roof, or
housekeeping. It is
budding produced over one hundred, Co-operation in Housekeeping. in Northern gaining ground as nearly so as possible. This plan
tangerine oranges, and at two and a Among the many claims that towns, among people and specifications I would commendto
wo- who houses I
rent believe
half it has four hundred principally those coming here in
years or- men feel imposed upon them, in towns several quest of
congenial families
anges on it. A dwarf kumquat a and cities, not the least is their social under; roof each living health, wealth and unrestrained com
year old from the bud, presents a obligation to each other. There are proportion one of giving a certain fort. Where houses are built by good

good appearance, loaded with thirty concerts, lectures, art galleries, public of money required for artisans, with heart pine and covered
rent of
payment table
kumquats. Growth appears to be l libraries, etc., to expenses with good cypress shingles and kept
rapid here, and it i is not uncommonto leisure hour, yet a woman will every find servant keeping is a kept servant the work, etc.could When no well painted they will ]last as long hereas

find eight to ten feet growth for the time for an occasional visit to a friend be divided easily in the Northern States. No house

present season, with the remainder of f and a call on a simple acquaintance would have among several, so that is complete here, however, without a
none much of
the year to grow in. to cancel few good close rooms with good fireplaces
an obligation, if indeed she I have not heard of the plan -
In years gone by Colonel Roberts does not attend a reception or two, tried in the but I being I. for while we have eight months
country, see no rea-
lived on the farm and made cotton the and entertain her friends at her own son why it would not work. True in of warm weather and a portion of that

chief crop, growing 450 bales in a sin- "at home," one afternoon in the week. Florida man almost ,his hot, we have a good brisk breeze al-
gle when cotton worth This claim is owns most all the time. While sit in
year, was some not considered from a own home, and a plot of ground withan you
thing. A few years ago he moved to humanitarian standpoint, the fact of orange grove more or less extensive a good health giving breeze in perfect

town and engaged in the livery busi women being necessary to each other so that living under one roof would be, comfort there may be a thermometer

ness, with his son Phil T. as a partner,, scarcely enters into the usages of out of the question," even were it desir- within three feet of you whose attention -
leaving the ,younger son. Will, to'manage polite society. able. Some "there the nineties are claiming. We
one never
the farm. In 1889 he abandoned I But in our rural districts, particular- a house built large says enough for two families was have many cold days and nights here
cotton, and this the of f the each and every winter and close
year product ly more sparsely settled portionsot where is rooms
a woman at the head
the farm will be: 250 tons of hay, 2,. Florida, the calls of humanity cannot of each establishment, I the, and good fires are often a necessity,
500 bushels of corn, 100 bushels of| be ignored, no matter what the writer meant. Possibly he presume was right. and it is unsafe and unwise to risk

peanuts, 4,000 bushels of oats, 35 bar social customs may be. Neighborsmust But I have thought the more laborious health without them.

rels of syrup, 45 fattening hogs, 7 fine depend on each other, more or : duties might be so united and divided Metallic substances rust here more
colts, 2,500 bushels of sweet potatoes., less, for nursing in sickness, and i in that each one would find her work readily than they do in the Northern

The hogs are fattened on sorghum and I many other emergencies, and no oneshould I comparatively light. A woman for States, but when they are exposed

peanuts. He has fine horses, mules, be so selfish as to think of his instance, might be hired by several, they should be painted with the best

cows, poultry, plenty cf fruit, barns, own family at all times to the exclusion families to do the baking, another the paints, then they will wear well. For
steam mill and gin. Though the plan of others. As.a. general thing washing (and example, the porch of the Surf Crest
though not
tation is in the "no fence district, there there is no dearth of the, milk of hu regular laundry, she might have assistants a Cottage at Daytona Beach, is orna

are 434 miles:of fencing; on the place, man kindness; it being often said that ), then the clothes would mented by several long chains taken
which is 1354 circumference.This in the country, especially among the be better washed and ironed than probably when from an old sugar mill at Port Orange.

year he has experimented, in a middle and poorer classes, are found first this washwoman, then that one i is, They are said to be one hundred and
small way, with Welborn's Consciencecorn. the best real neighbors. Often a man fifty years old, and are now in a''state
depended on (or rule
as a not depended
The ears contain 28 rows,, the will ride several miles to perform some on). of perfect preservation, from being

grains are over half an inch in length, kind office for another that he might I can see no reason for the plan regularly painted. When informed of
and many ears will shell more than a never think of doing in a city, though being tried by several small families not the fact I thought that my informant

pint of f corn, while some yield a full 1 divided from him perhaps only by one in a community, thus insuring was speaking ironically, but no link, i in .
quart. He regards this as'the corn for brick wall. leisure for the individuals more the chain of evidence was wanting to..
making life
Florida farmers.-Floridian.fcx I But occasionally the reverse i is a little more social for them, besides establish this fact. T. J. W.
Eustis,Fla. .






-- -
Household Hints.' A critical taste,goes on this authori--!I I Another\ House Plan. Cleaning a Refrigerator.,

KITCHEN' REFUSE.-One of the ity, will detect, at the first mouthful, For our Rural Home. Probably few housekeepers, says
things housekeepers find difficult at if the nose has not already demurredand I As Orders of Architecture"are Dr.. Cyrus Edson, of. the New York

this season is the disposal of kitchen given warning, the faintest trace on call, I beg to submit a I Board of Health, ,have ,any idea of

j refuse.: The caution, is emphasized at of dead water in tea, coffee, porridgeand plan of a cheap and very comfortable i what is meant by keeping the refrig-

least_ to keep it ,dry. The change many other items designed for the cottage for any Southern clime, erator clean. All refrigerators should
which takes place when water is stomach. and Florida in particular.The be washed out thoroughly once a
:' mixed with food waste is very differ She concludes with the advice thatif advantages are that it is cool, : week with hot water in which soda

ent from; that which it undergoes when persons will drink,tea and coffee let and can be opened or closed to ,suit I lids: been ,dissolved. In the part
1, kept dry. The,one is putrefaction- them at least have it as nearly free the weather and- wind and gives a I where the food is kept,little ,particlesof

dangerous, capable of causing illnessif from poisonous conditions as possible.That great deal of room in'very convenient this are apt to adhere to the zinc.

its gases; are breathed by susceptible much benefit may be derived by form. I know of such cottages in Unless these are removed, they will

systems; the other is nature's mode of many people from drinking hot wateris Florida, and they are always cool and putrefy and produce a germ which

; disposing of all things of earth, a true not disputed, but the water shouldbe comfortable.The will attack at once all fresh food put

decomposition, or nitrification, a process freshly drawn, quickly boiled in a main body can be finished and in, ,and cause it to become bad in a '
of give and take, worked out by clean and perfect vessel and immedi-- the other rooms added afterwards; as very short time. Almost everyone

living organisms. ately used. The times of using, the money admits, or family demands. is familiar with the stale smell in refrigerators -
"., If the refuse pail is kept in the openair adding of mint, milk, lemon or other require, and every addition insteadof which is indicative of putrefying -

and all liquid kept out, practically fruit juices, is a matter of preferenceor marring, as additions usually do, matter. Merely to wash outa
no harm can be done; but the heat special prescription. only added to the coziness and symmetry refrigerator is not enough; it must
and steam of the kitchen accelerate COTTONSEED O Housekeepers of this truly' Southern style of be' cleaned. This means that the

putrefaction; the penetrating power of i hold an unjust prejudice toward, cottonseed house. Another thing, it is like a corners must be scrubbed out and the

steam, greater than that of dry heat, !. oil. That in other quarters really good chess problem, while l having waste-pipe thoroughly cleansed. Then,
goes deeper into the refuse pail thanis this prejudice is gradually diminish- one key more, it has a variety of b Before the ice is put into it, it shouldbe

realized.A ing statistics abundantly prove. About details that tend to test the inventive well aired. The solution of soda
handful of earth should be a should be washed out with fresh hot

housekeeper's ever ready sanitary aid, Ground Floor. water.

especially in city houses. Taken from w w .

the surface in any back yard, it will -- STIMULATING FOOD. Seasoningthe

be teeming with invisible life! ready ,. --, _..........11 .u .J .... food with pepper,or using tonics of
perform specific functions and re any kind, are unnecessary for fowls
duce all to its own kind, earth or dust. that are in perfect health. When fed
Whether in earthworms or bacteria, : Ei Chamoor"12 x 12 Dining Room 12 x 12Veranda B on highly seasoned food, the hens be-
15 x 9 ft.
they serve as agents of sanitation, and A t:1I' come sluggish and inactive. When
:; avert danger of rising gases, as wellas Steps 3 ft. the hens are debilitated it is then well

defeating those pestilential scaven- enough to allow tonics, but'as a rule
I' the,best tonic is of food and
gers, flies. A covering of earth is a a variety
cleaner lid than ever tinsmith made. D D___ w D II jiving clean quarters at night.:
t I
: DAINTY DESSERTS.College girls ---
:. --- .
were discoursing the other night upon :i w --- I METAL .
the various which < _
queer things appearon O5 --- (6Chamber I
One dessertof I M.z -- GOOD p WHEELfor
college menus. was a ao Cj.o -- :
dates and milk, a thing popular at I : -;eJ; c 2o --Sitting Room 15 x 15 k s= yourWAGONS' '
Wellesley, and another was peanuts :: b n == W >
mixed with These horrors I .
figs. recalled I
> Any cite yon want;SO
dish which sounds I
a summer to i6 in.high. Tina 1
equally queer, but is really very good.It to 8 iD.1ride-huba to
fit axle. Haves
I any
is maple sugar served in various ; : Cost many times in
until have D D- a season to hare ieiof.low.whee1a
ways. you eaten ma- w D to fit
ple sugar and cream on strawberries, your wagon for haolinf
gain,fodder..manure.. .
red and black raspberries, blackberries I bogs,&0. No resetting of
and peaches you have not lived. Veranda 15 x9 ft. toes. GUI'*free. Address
The writer has introduced
' many epi- Steps 3 ft. may, 111
cures to these dainties. Each one Chamber 12 x 12 12 x 12

i was dubious and unbelieving. Each
timorously took the first mouthful. THEFLORIDA
___uu ____ lIJlIlI.... .11.11____ I _
Each closed his eyes and sighed an
ineffable rapture. A short cake is .. r
I .
quite as delicious, while orange, or red W W i
and black raspberry short cake is almost Front.half AGRICULTURALCOLLEGE

as good. With oranges, however t .
a powdered sugar should be used.A of last year's product, 1,000,000 \genius of the lady or "bachelor" of the .
dainty and refreshing dessert fora barrels of oil, formed a part of lard; house,although a bachelor would hard- ,

hot night is made of sliced oranges, thousands of barrels are sent to the ly require so much room as this developed Has a full Faculty of able Professors. Good
Mediterranean and added to olive oil exhibits. One equipment in Laboratories and Shops. Gives
bananas and pineapples, thickly pow- ; building change Five Full Courses Instruction
dered with sugar and kept all day in Maine uses it for its sardine (?) pre may be by lapping the corner rooms .
the ice box. Serve with whipped servation; hundreds of thousands of one'or two feet on to the sides or ends THE AGRICULTURAL

': cream. Never cut pineapple. Shredit barrels go to Holland to mix with of the main building, so as to reduce 0 4 THE MECHANICAL

with a silver fork. butter, and how much of it is mixed the: length of the verandas, and perhaps 1. THE LATIN' SCIENTIFIC
with butter and oleomargarine in this save some,little lumber and shin- I THE BUSINESS
COOKING WATER.-A woman phy- country is very hard to find out. It gles; and if glass doors are used in

sician has been saying in print that is at least pronounced by our ablest place of wooden ones, perhaps some GRANTS degrees of B. S.arid A. B. to gradu-
few know how to cook water. full courses. Young men board in.
persons chemists to be wholesome and, having windows may be dispensed with, but
mess hall for $toper month. Young women
ri "The secret, she says, "is in putting good food value. Its capabilities for many windows, never forgetting one boards with private families in town,$10 to Ely a
good fresh water i into a neat kettle al- month. No tuition charged residents of Flori-
purification are so great that it seems or nine on the south side, are quite da. Next term begins OCTOBER 2.
ready quite warm and setting the wa- incredible that housekeepers should acceptable. For Catalogue, giving full information- writeto

ter to boiling quickly, and then takingit retain any distrust of it, knowing as Closets can be added to suit the O. CLUTE, President.

'off to use in tea, coffee or other they must the freedom from risk of convenience of the owner, and, if necessary Lake City Florida.
drinks before it is boiled. To let it djsease in its use, as compared with a little, of the verandas can be I ,
v steam, simmer and evaporate until the rancid lard. It is much encroached without the
poor or : : upon injuring :RUIT 'r1 J Ems.SOUTHERN .
good water is all in the atmosphere, pleasanter to use the oil of a seed than "toute ensemble." FOX ,
: and the lime and iron and dregs left that of an animal. Yours ORCHARDS.Write .
kettle-bah that is what makesa respectfully,
4 in the for Catalogue and price list.
good many people sick and is worse Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder H. W. O. MARGARY. JENNINGS' NURSERY CO.,

than no water at all." World's Fair Highest Medal and Diploma. Eustia. Fla., August 6. Ttiomasvllle Oa. ;<:;,
.ti "



F .; a


1 The counties lying around Jacksonville Eight :Ballot-box Law. The National Irrigation Scheme.

ffLOft.tQA1GROWR: J are being gradually drained of After half a dozen centuries of We note with pleasure the recogni-

tARMEi the growers of tomatoes, cucumbersand civilization our race, the most sturdy tion of the press in the appointment ,

a. other vegetables, who are taking in Christendom, is not devoid of superstitious by the Governor of (California, of Mr., ,

their departure for the far south, fear. C. M. Heintz, proprietor of the Rural r
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION where the mature in season to When the earliest -
For One Year .....'.;..........u............12.00 crops pioneers settled Californian, of Los Angeles, as a delegate
For Six Months................!....... .....I.00 catch the fancy prices. west of the Alleghenies, with the to the Third National
..... ... .... Irrigation
In Foreign Countries ; .. ... .. 3.00 ..- of
vague terror prairie cyclones upon Congress, now in session in Denver
d Subscriptions in all cases cash in Mr. Chas. L. Beers of Emporia, them, they built barns with timbers Colorado. ,
advance. No discount allowed one'sown ;
on ,
subscription(except in, but to us held: On August 25th a meet- From ten to fourteen inches thick, and But in recognizing this fact we are .,
ing the
all agents a liberal casn commission will was at Emporia pur- it took nearly all the men of the county not blind to the inherent humbuggery ;
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby pose of organizing a local union of the to put'them in position. The Jesuit of this whole
them. Write for terms. F. ,F. & V. G., A. There was.a very fathers who colonized California National as a
policy. Irrigation is of immeasurable
To every new subscriber we will send, good attendance. After the, readingof -
placed their houses in the of
center value
to California and
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- to
the different
mg in Florida.!" For two new subscribers papers sent out by the the valley, in order to prevent the many of the States In the arid region t
at $2.00 each will send General Manager, sixteen of our growers earthquakes from ;
we tumbling the rocks of the mid-continent, also to Florida
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange enrolled themselves, members, and the mountains down over their in sections and to American
many ,
every -
Cut tu reo .' and more have joined since. heads.
Rates of advertising on application. ----. ...-- State, in fact, in individual in-
Remittances should be made by check, A writer in the Fort Myers Press When our countrymen had emerged stances. But the scheme for taxing

postal note, money order registered rises to ask what has become of the from a civil war which shook the very the treasury of the United States in

letter to order of drain operations- of the,Okeechobee foundations of society and unsettledthe order to irrigate millions of acres in ,
Jacksonville.GROWER.Fla. Drainage! _'Company. "The long black faith of many good men in popular -I the Far West and thus augment by

columns of smoke which for eleven government, they were confrontedby thousands of carloads the already

NOTICE \ years marked the places of its laborsare the untried problem of negro suf- enormously over-done production of

seen no more." He suggests thatMr. I frage. There rose up before them agricultural staples, with wheat at less

If you receive a copy of this i Flagler on one side of the Ever- visions: of the atrocities of Hayti, of I than a Tialf.Hnllar a hushf*!'. cotton- at

paper which you did not ,order, glades, Mr. Plant on the other and.Mr. the butcheries of Petion and Dessa- four cents a pound, and the,livestock

consider it an invitation to sub Disston in the middle, controlling lines. San Domingo scared the ,industry of the country about to be

scribe. If you do not want it, probably $100,000,000 of capital, may American statesmen as the French deluged by the inpouring of. the count-

kindly hand it to a neighbor. be planning a new method of attackon revolution scared Edmund Burke. less droves of cheap cattle and horsesof

the mighty swamp. How would they vote, these newly Mexico and Canada, is a piece of

CONTENTS. enfranchised electors ? that was the the most arrant and arrogant cheatery

The opening of the Jupiter Military question. Their late masters knew that we have lately encountered.The .
GROVE AND ORCHARD-The Fig-Its Value; how idea that the European anarchists ,
Reservation in they would and how
Trip Among the Orange Groves; Root Dade county, was a pray sing,
Knot;Satsuma Orange ......-........... 563 signal for a rush. According to the they would dance, how they would of Chicago or even the innocentand

Lemon Culture Here and in Italy; Fire Tropical Sun, the clerk at Juno had hoe cotton. But this untried functionof long-suffering artisans of Pullman
Blight in the Pear Fruit
: Grading
Insipid -
California Fruits ..-. .........;........ 564 I to get up 1:30: a. m., to satisfy the the barbarian was not devoid of I could be induced to abandon city life "'
THE PINERY-The Pineapple-IX; Pine Cul clamor of the terrors to his superior. He I and go out on the lonesome deserts to
ture Under Cover .................., 565 early callers, and by was sure
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Preparing Land 6:30: a. m. he had made out full sets of to cut himself with this new two-ed.ed occupy government irrigated land, is

for Oats;Manure Should be Housed; Insurance entry papers for 3,000 acres. These weapon, but he was tolerably. sure alsoto too preposterous for a moment's con-
for Farmers; Cowpeas in the sideration. And the '
Grove; Self Sucking Cows.. ............ 566 were immediately sent on to the cut other people. farmers of the ,

Cowpea Hay Stacker (Cut).:"...__......... 567, Gainesville Land Office. Somehowor The States of the South, impover- United States do not want them to do
POULTRY-Turkeys for Breeding, Purposes; other ished and it. The modern ingenuity and machinery -
people seem to have a sin- despondent forced
The Old: Hens; Lice and Laying; To to of the farm
Make Hens Lay;Gravel and Shells: Rem- gular hankering for a chance to fight try a desperate experiment it are producing #
edies for Roup.................:. ....... 567 ; was as already far too much-perhaps not too
down if
mosquitoes on that coast. they had reached back two thousand
RURAL HOME-Golden Rod; Cooperation much l if the poor of the cities "
great ,
in Housekeeping; Keep your Houses years and placed the burdensof
Painted .............. .. ..... 568 Texas is to have a cotton palace, at representative could all get a square meal three timesa
government on the
Household Hints; Another_ House Plan Waco, to be opened November 6 and shoulders of the day-but a great deal too much
(diagram); Cleaning a Refrigerator. .. .. 569 fierce tribes who with
EDITORIAL-Eight Ballot-Box Law;,The National : to continue one month. The cotton roved the woods of Northern Europe. the present systems of distribution .
Irrigation Scheme...............: 570 crop of Texas_is officially estimated at The American in force.
Jamaica Oranges; Markets................ 571 bales which failed to take the Not one word of commendation
Weather and Crops; California Fruits in 2,500,000 is more than a measure of the African as a voter anda
England .......... of the whole can we honestly pen in favor of this
.; Personal .. .........- 572 quarter cotton crop of politician as completely as the Afri-
MISCELLANEOUS Fiat Money Railroad the country. Texas now failed I National Irrigation Congress. We
grows one- can to the
''Commission;A Homemade Drink......,,573 comprehend powerof I believe it to be to the least
Girdled Grapes; he Honey Crop; Guava half as much cotton as the largest the ballot. He was afraid of him. say pre-
Jelly;Summer Soups...................;.. 574 crop the South produced by slave All kinds of tomtoms and gongs were mature, that it is simply a' scheme for

-- labor. That was in 1860, the year beaten to scare away this black snook the saddling of the country with some

Weather in Jacksonville. before the war, and it was estimatedat cannon were -fired, mysteriousmasked -J. --- more gigantic corporations or trusts,

., 6,000,000 bales. Texas is great in companies of men marched to backed by the money and lands of the
a. a be II.a.. ,51'10 asM other agricultural and Nation. Let those arid domains alone
DATE. respects, should and fro tissue ballots
as A. as a II 0 (j- were used, the until
co co :s, :a. a cd :a Ha_S its immense area never be divided it eight ballot-box law was inventedall the country grows them

,Aug. 28......... -i9 -79 94- 71- -82 will probably fifty years hence have to confuse and terrorize the black and really requires their occupationand
..... 0.7r
Aug. 29 d' 77 74 89' I8 So than watering. The homestead
Aug.30......... 71 0.5'/ more population any other State voter. and
Aug 31......... 7S 76 75 QO 88 70 20 So 0.J4 in the Union. preemption land laws have done mis-
Sept. I......... 74 73 72 16 So J.I0 At this day it is amusing to look chief
77 85 enough
70 IS 78 0.J2 already to last the country .
Sept. 2 ......
80 back and
Sept. 3........... 75 79 77 83 85 73 74 10 11 80 78 O,3Jt 0.03 In the outset ,I desire 'to say that ]I see how our immediate predecessors for the next twenty years.

Mean ....-----t- favor a Railroad Commission law, pro- were affected at the sight ofa It is an outrage upon the Eastern 4.
.H. 79 076 088.072.0 J6.0 So.o ballot in the hands of
Total rainfall. T. Trace. vided that the people can be benefited a freedman. farmer who pays $25, $50 or $100 per

E. R. REMAIN, Observer. by it; a law that will give equal justice I It was the verest .trifle, a mere nothing acre in cash for his farm, to make a

I. to railroads and rieonler law that (except when organized..... and living only hv the skin of tMo
.. .. ,: a will.. .. --- tppth..., -
-- -- ----
officered ---
Mr. Jb. N. Price, of Orlando, sendsus create a commission to be composed 7---- oi by whites), yet it caused general that the government should be askedto r

a photograph of a pineapple freak, five commissioners to be elected by the alarm for some years. lend a dollar of credit or cash toward ;. ..

a specimen of the Smooth Cayenne Legislature'every two years; a law that But we can afford now, with a laughall irrigating more land, to create

variety, having thirty:six distinct will require;:'the representatives of five round, to take down this scarecrow, more water monopolies, to enrich ,}

crowns and weighing sixteen pounds. industries professions on the com- just as we smile when we pull down more land grabbers, to cram still fuller

mission, namely,a railroad man,a law. the enormous timbers and pull out the the already bursting granaries of the r

Mr. W. S. Hart, of Hawks Park, ina yer, a farmer, a merchant and a fruit multiplied pins and braces with which country, to depress still further the

personal letter to us, writes: "I was grower; a law that will give the com- our grandfathers sought to secure their prices of the farmers' stuff.

at Daytona and Ormond last week mission judicial powers in.all cases safety against the harmless winds of Let the irrigation men take care of

with Messrs. Cook and Scott, workingup pertaining to railroads and,grievances the Ohio and Tennessee valleys. themselves, as other farmers do. With

unions of the F. ,&V. G. A. there. by and against the same; a law that +- plenty of California gold and Colorado -
The unions here and at Oak Hill are will not allow of silver in their
salary more than Ten thousand boxes of pockets, they are
in a thrifty condition. The honey $1,200 a year to each of the commis- owned by non-residents oranges, able to do it.
crop from Oak:,Hill to Port Orangeruns sioners and a like for been offered .
salary a secreta-
at box
$1.25 a f. b. in
o. Jack- Look for
up to about 200 tons. ry.-Starke Telegraph. out announcements for

sonville, for early delivery. English shipments next week.570 w.

1 ;
-f ,"' .
'Y a ': ..,.: M
1 '.,':. ; .1)0 .
.'; ,:,- .. '
', A* ,'\: :::.. :, '...:!;::-' :..,'.... .'.... ;..:, ,, 'p:.c'"''",, >'vr*'::;.' ?V r--.i<- :.'_, J: ":,, '. :, .; :, :'"f "'>;:\ ;- .' ". ,,'.,',.."."-t"J'::' :;',.;

e .......--, .',.'" -'- '". flt

ir\ <


'l Jamaica Oranges.
i These have started'in New York at FERTILIZERSCHAPMAN
$2.00 to $2.37 per barrel. The'following .

I from the Fruit Trade Journal indicates JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Sept. 7. .

,that Florida may expect more FRUITS AND PRODUCE. SUDLOW
competition from them this than Corrected by Marx Bros. .
year These are average quotations. Extra choice ,
? usual. But if they are sold as "Queen lots lots fetch sell lower.prices above top quotations, while poor JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. ''1, <

Victorias," and not as "choice Flori- Lemons,Fla., .i.00101.50' Manufacturers of "
das will -- 3.25
s our growers probably not
Pineapples, crate,.---3 SO to 4.00 .HIGH GRADE E'ERTILIZER .
complain."It Mangoes, .
Limes,3-peckcrates Ground and:Steamed Bone Specialty. Caustic Soda and Flower of Sulphur Always -
will interest the fruit trade gen- 4.00 1.25 on Hand. Every Kind of Raw Material at Current Rates. -,

erally, and particularly the handlersof Peanuts best brand...... .D4 to.05 -Send for Pamphlet on-

Jamaica oranges, to learn of a de- Japan Guavas Persimmons,3-peck box,.crate............. .SO 50 to to 1.00 75 ORANGE TREE, PINEAPPLE AND VEGETABLE FERTILIZERS.

cided innovation that Messrs. J. E. Pears, .. ..

Kerr& Co. propose to inaugurate this Alligator, retail,each. to 2.50.10
Grapes. Catawba. BURNETT BROS.
season in that business. teloupes.bbl. 2.00 BARNETT ,
"As is well known this firm have Melons. to.10 k
Northern cabbage..................... .10 .
their own line of steamers, equippedwith Potatoes, 2.50 BROS. 150 South Water St., Chicago,
the methods for New York potatoes 5 bbls.... .. .... 245
most approved Onions,bbl .. 2.50 FRUITS DEALERS IN FRUITS.We .
bringing the fruit: here in good condition Bggs. -.n-- .20
respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables.We .
j ; besides which, they handle the VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. CHICAGO- are now making a specialty of
best brands and Corrected by Davis& Robinson.
f pack oranges. I
Onions Fla.,crate ..1.00 to 1.25
"It is the intention of that firm to Yellow Yams to.60 ORANGES ,

import'very largely Jamaica fruit dur- Sweet Hubbard Potatoes .. .50
squash 1.50 '
ing September, and particularly during Cauliflower, Fla., and invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.

October; which will be sold at auction Squash Lettuce,, .. .25
through the E. L. Goodsell Company. Celery Kalamazoo............... .. 50 to.60 We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.
EggPlants, bbl... :. 2.00
The- sales will be held the ..............
on Vesey Tomatoes. Pk.Crates.. to .50 References, by permission:-National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,

street pier as long as the weather is Sweet Green Pepper Corn,doz, bu.., no demand...... 2510.30.65 the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co.

not too cold, and after that on Pier i. Okra, i.ootoi.25

i,. "What will particularly interest the Cowpeas Cucumbers,shelled, good,,peck.. ............. .50
: trade is the fact that Messrs. Kerr & Green" Beans, crate.... ............. 1.50 to 2.00 EUROPEAN FLORIDA
Peas, none .i.
Co. have brought over from Sicily to New beets,with topsbarrel crate,none FOR
f force of 'i Pumpkins, ... to .15
Jamaica a large skilled packers Parsley,per doz.bunches to .25 MARKET ORANGES.Complete .
and have sent to Jamaica 22,000 Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches..... to.30
rT Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .20 to.25
Bangor shooks of the Sicily orange box Pepper,hot,bushel, no demand...... .60
style. It is the intention of this firm Sage, well cured, .15 arrangements have been made to handle oranges in all of the
Lima Beans, shelled, .15
t by these means to pack up in the most Hens........ -.-,.'...-. to :.33 .
l 9l 9 approved Sicily style Jamaica oranges, Roosters..........-......20 1510.25 to ..25Broilers. Fruit Centers or Europe.September .

and forward them to New York under Turkeys, per pound,gross.....'. ..11Ducks.
the .35 and October Shipments will pay handsomely. Write us.
brand of "Queen Victoria. In- Geese..._. .35
asmuch as the Sicilian packers have .

been furnished with all the modern Will &' Jones' Report. THE JACKSONVILLE FRUIT[ AUCTION CO.

appliances for clipping the fruit and Buffalo, August 27.-Owing to heavy

putting it into well protected basketsat receipts.of California and State fruits, the THOS. H. TOWflS, President.
the trees, and with packing houses former ruled low, some California pears
selling for much less than freight.
erected at the principal it .
groves, is
I Pears, Bartlett, 1.25 to 65c; peaches,
." expected that the Jamaica fruit will at 1.00 to 35c; much of the stock wasty; FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. <

4.. once take a standard of excellencethat prunes, 1.00 to 50c; oranges, 4.25 to 4.00; .
has never been reached before. plums, 1.15 to 75c; bananas, 1.25 to 50c; .
There is no reason" this island lemons, 3.50 to 50c per box; gem melons,
why An Incorporated Home Association of Orange G rowers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
should not forward to the 'United 50 to 25c; grapes, Niagara, 1.50 to 1.25; best advantage.-AUTHOR1 ZED CAPITAL. $300.000.)
Delaware, 1.50 to 1.25; black,1.25 to 1.50; BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully] prepared to supply boxes and paper on
States under such circumstances fruit potatoes, sweet, 2.00 to 1.75; round, 2.00 order. Write for price list and terms.
of the finest character, and that the to 1.65. -:OFFICE: :-

same should. not land in sound condi-- August 28.-California pears, Bartlett, GEO. B. FAIRBANKSkPresident. .and Treas. M.D. P.GREENLEAF TURNER, Vice-President.
f\ O* Secretary.
1.25 to 90c; Beurre Hardy, 75 to 65c; DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks,Alachua Co.;.E.G. Hill Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt
tion."As peaches, 1.05 to 90c; prunes, 1.15 to 90c; Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange do.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
Jamaica has a very large crop bananas, 1.00 to 50c; watermelons, 22.00to B. M. Baer. Duval Co.: A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. d. Sampson, Marion Co.; C.V. Hillyer,
of oranges ,it would seem as though Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. 8.Moreman St.
12.00; gems,basket, 50 to 25c; lemons, Johns, Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.;Irving Keck, Polk Co.
this step is the forerunner of largely oranges and potatoes unchanged. Addressall correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils. ,.
.. increased business relations in this with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.

line of fruit in the future." Barnett Bros.' Report. -

i Chicago, August 28-.Thirty cars were to Is 6d, (about 37 cts), averaging about6s 1.50 to 1.75; Seckel, per barrel], 1.50 to
For the orchard potash is needed offered to-day, among which there were a ($1.50)). Rodi lemons((300))from 17s to 3.00; per keg, 1.00 to 1.50; Cooking, 1.00

t in larger quantities than is phosphate. great many plums and considerable Muscat 6s. Naples lemons ((420)), 15s to 2s. to 1.50; Grapes* ; Up-river, Niagara per

r It is the potash in the s, il that gives Malaga and Tokay grapes, and on > Delaware pound, 3 cents; Worden 2 to 3 cents;
this account this variety of fruit suffered New York Market. 3 to 4 cents; Concord, 2 to 3
color and flavor to the ripened fruit. cents; Champion, 1 to 2 cents; Delaware,
considerable the price being fully 15 to
It does this Brown and Seccomb report: 5-lb baskets 15 to
20 cents
by making the foliage per- ; Niagara, 5-lb.
25 cents per package less than it was yes- Aug. 29.-They sold 21,697 boxes of
fectly healthy. There is no good terday. Peaches and pears,however,held lem' ns ex Ss. Powhatan; Fancy 300 and Potatoes 12 to 15cents;in Worden fair 51b, 8 to 12 entB.

fruit without good foliage., An application .up very well, the price advancing fully 15 360 lemons, 2.50 to 3.50; choice, 2 to 2.40; Jersey, 1.25 are to 1.75 supply Long Island and in steady.bulk
of wood ashes or potash in cents per box on peaches, while pears good, 1.50 to 1.90; fair 1.40; poor 15c barrel 1.75 to 2.00;
per ; Virginia,;yellow,
I were at 1.40 to 1.45 for five tiers, standard This fair for
form has a most remarkable effect to 1. cargo was a average sweets, 2.00 to 2.50. Cabbage is'steady.;
packing and shipping stock. Farmers'packing to condition but there
the season as ,
both the and fruit of Long Island and Jersey from
on foliage bearing ranging
,however, and four-tier fruit sold large quantity of small rusty and unde-
i trees. All kinds of fruit 5.00 to 7.00; State, 5.00 to 7.00. Long Is-
requiresome at all prices from 65c to 1.25, according to sirable fruit in it.
also the condition quality arid packing. It is sur- land squash, 75 cents to 1.00 per barrel.
phosphate ,
though ,
E. L. Goodsell Company report: Tomatoes, range from 20c to 35c per box
amount needed is not so great as with prising to see peaches advance, and whenit Aug. 31.-820 bbls. Jamaica oranges, for Jersey.
potash.-American Cultivator. will be taken into consideration that landing ex. Ss. Dorian and Argonaut,
baskets of arrived .
55,000 Michigan peaches .
Prices, 2 to 2.37J.Watermelons
to-day, it speaks well for California prod-
It is said by knowing persons that if ucts, and looks like prices are not goingto steady choice Many people,perhaps, are not aware
are barely ,
I a pine tree is trimmed in summer a be so very low on them after all.English' 15.00; fair 10.00 to 12.00; small, 7.00 to that within a mile of the bay shore in

if species of fly will deposit eggs where *-*-< 9.00. Muskmelons of different varieties the city of Pensacola are located some

the limbs have been taken off. From Markets. range from 75c to 2.50 per barrel. Jersey rather extensive pottery works. The

1 these the "borer" is hatched, and From catalogues sent by Mr. J. N. peaches, fancy, 75c to 1.00 per basket, clay used is found on the surface of
eggs Johnston of learn that of and to good,30c to 70c Jersey Bart-
Liverpool, we poor ; the ground and the wares manufactured -
work the tree and ,
begin to on
they the barrel 1.50 to 2.00
the first cargo of Brazilian oranges, lett pears, per ; Up-riy-
l keep on until they kill it.-Florida last parcels were sold August 17 and 20, er Bartletts, 1.25 to 2.25 per barrel;Clapps are equal to the best made else-

1 1i Philosopher. ranging from 11s 6d (about $2.87)) down favorite, 1.50 to 2.50; Flemish Beauty, where.-Pensacola Times.

i .
.. .

,,, ... "' .,, .:; : .
,' "- .. -< ,;;., -:, '.- ,:. ,', :- ":j


I Iw



1 .

cracks.-It often costs more to pre-

For Week Ending September 3. PAINT BEAUTIFUL, HIGHLAND

The warm weather continued durmg use for repainting that has been painted in the first -.

the first four days of the week, but fife place .cheap ready-mixed paints, than it would to have

closing days were much more pleasant, painted it twice with strictly pure white lead, ground in pure linseed oil, ROUTE. .
especially at places on and near the coast,
owing to the prevalence of a moderate

northeaster. Stricdy Pure White Leadforms This Route,consisting of the
There were fewer storms and much less

lightning at night than during the several FLA. CENTRAL

weeks previous.The a permanent base for repainting and never has to be burned or
average .temperature for the State off on of AND PENINSULA*, a.
scraped account scaling or cracking. It is always smooth
was slightly(about one degree) below*\nor-
mal for the week. v and clean. To be sure of getting strictly pure white lead, purchaseany AND THESOUTHERN t?

About double the usual'amount of rain of the'following brands :

for the time of year fell;, it was P.otel1: RAIL'YLate
ANCHOR (Cincinnati .
) "RED SEAL" .
(St. Louis)
distributed but the amounts
ECKSTEIN (Cincinnati). "KENTUCKY" (Louisville). ( Richmond & Danville), '
measured in those sections of the State
SOUTHERN St.Louis and
Chicago) "ATLANTIC" (New York).
where the rainfall has been light for some COLLIER (St. Louis). "JEWETT" (New York). and running through the uplands of South Carolina -
time. The latest reports by wire show and the North Carolina and'Virginia -
FOR COLORS.National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead Tinting Colors a one-pound can to t Mountains and. Valleys,
the occurrence on Monday of exception- 25-pound keg of Lead,and mix your own paints. Saves time annoyance in matching shades, will be used by the
ally heavy rains at Tampa and Key West. and insures the best paint that it is possible to put on wood.
The condition of crops has not changed Send us a postal card and get our book on paints and color-card, free; it will probably
save you a good dollars.
much since last'yeek. Oranges are ma- many

tui-ingrapidly; this crop will,it is thought, yg, roc, :al'J; Broad a Street seashri11e.. NATIONAL LEAD CO., New York. Knights of Pythiasand

be much larger than was estimated early -
in the season, when it was supposed that
the late frosts of spring had damaged the guavas are ripe and plentiful;; avocado, would have gone into oblivion long years their friends and the pubic who em-
blossoms to such an' extent as to cause a pears and sugar apples beginning to ago. The old imitations of PainKillerhave brace the occasion of their

very light yield. Light shipments of ripen. Highest temperature, 92; lowest, gone the way of all substitutes, and
green oranges to Northern markets have 70; mean, 82; normal, 82; average rain, the newer "just-as-goods" are followingon Conclave in Washingtonto

already begun.Western 3.18; normal, 1.24. for as long as some things are recog- I
District.-Temperature about E. R. Demain, nized as better than others, PainKillerwill go North,at extremely low rates offering for
normal. Decided deficiency in rainfall. Director. be recognized as the best and( quickest that occasion
Jacksonville Fla., Sept. 4, IB94. relief for internal and external
The conditions_ during the week were .
just as were required by the farmers for California Fruit< in England. When anything' happens to you or 822.60
picking cotton making hay and doing yours, nine times out of ten you can cure II
.. Though a little belated the
such other work as the wet weather of following it yourself with Pain-Killer.
press dispatch is of interest: .. FOR THE ROUND TRIP
the previous few weeks had to
a great.
_The first of Califor- !
+ large consignment PERSONAL.
extent interfered with. tem
Highest Jacksonville to Washington and proportionately
nia fruit to this
brought from
perature, 89; .lowest, 71; mean, 80; normal -' country from other points in the State. Tickets on
80 rainfall 0.61. normal New York by the stemship Paris has CHANGE INT A NEW YORK HOUSK.-Mr.\ sale from August 23d to August 28th in-
rainfall,; 1.84 average inches. aroused the greatest. interest in England. Geo. H. Rivenburg has retired from the clu ive limited of to Sept. soth. ,The
Knights Pythias train will
When West & Co. commenced to auctionoff firm of Palmer & Rivenburg and the
Northern District. Temperature averaged remaining leave Jacksonville by the F.
normal. There was a 'slight excess the California products shortly before partners will continue the business C. & P. August 26th, Sunday -
during'the first part of the week anda noon today at Covent Garden this city, under the name of Palmer & Frost. ,at in 4.30 Washingtonnext p.m.,'arriving -

slight deficiency during the latter part. there were at least 500 buyers present Messrs. Palmer & Frost are among the eveningat
The brisk noitheast'winds, which set in from all parts,England.. ,An examination oldest and largest concerns in New York 8 30 Our

on the 1st of September, added much to of this important consigumentshowed : engaged in the produce commission bus- .
the comfort which the slight fall, in temperature that much ofF I' it "was picked ,too' late iness. They are large handlers of foreign RATE OPEN TO ALL!

brought. Rain i fell ,on every consequently it arrived in so ripe a con- .and! domestic fruits,vegetables, poul-
day of the week at some stations in the dition that it is necessary to sell it to the try: and! eggs and they have the reputa- .

district, but it occurred generally as consumer within forty-eight hours., tion of handling a considerable propor- Tickets good on all trains
Other portions of the consigned fruits tion of the finest goods of the kind that
light showers; a few heavy rains, however going between August23d
were too lightly packed and the sides in
made an excess for the district. reach the New York market. They have
Crops generally are.reported! in splendid consequence bulged when, on board the their place of business at No. 166 Reade and 28th.
Paris. The weigh t:of other boxes dam- ..
condition. The weather was too wet and street where they have been located since '
aged the top and bottom row of the fruit. 1882. Oranges lemons pineapples
threatening.for farmers to do much at co-
haying. Small lots of cotton are coming Some fruit which was loosely packed and coanuts and peanuts are among the specialties -
into the local,markets. Highest temper- in more open boxes;'sent by F. H. Buck i of the house, and they are regarded GRAND ARMY
Vacaville, Cal., stood the journey best. for them.
as headquarters For
ature, 94; lowest, 68; mean, 80; average a
rainfall, 2.05; normal, 1.65 inches; nor- The peaches arrived in poor condition, quarter of a century a most honorable .
mal temperature, 80. but the nectarines were in fine shape. reputation has been maintained by the
The grapes end plums were all rightbutthe concern under notice.JACKSONVILLE OF THE
Central District.-Slight deficiency in
buyers did not want grapes because ORANGE DEALERS.Mr.A. .
temperature. Decided excess in rainfall. their quality was considered inferior to M.\ Ives, General Manager\ of the Flor-

Exceptionally heavy rains are' reported the English article. The plums were ida Fruit Exchange, and Mr. T.R. Towns, .,. REPUBLIC
from stations on and at points near the also not 'in great demand because the of the Jacksonville Fruit Auction Com
Gulf coast and at places in the interiorof market was already extra
; glutted. pany, have lately returned from the
the peninsula. Tampa .reports 5.90 pear shipments also struck a bad market, Northern cities, where they had been to RATES ALSO OPEN TO THE PUBLIC,
inches of rain for the week and Clermont
as 10,000 baskets of French .
pears were arrange for the fruit business of the
approaching -
4.01 inches.
The rains were too heavy offered to-day. season. JaoksoD..V'iUeTo

in some places, doing slight damage :by The first lots of California pears fetched ..
washing out small plants, but they were 4 to 6 shillings per box. This price'was
of great benefit to truck farms and gar- considered by the buyers to be very Fresh Everglade pork can be'had
dens which had begun to need rain. cheap.The. at Pierce's and at Lyman's stores every

Crops are reported as being in good con- greener pears were offered later Saturday. It is rich and gamey! and Pi1:1sbu.rg:

dition generally but a few reports state and prices stiffened to 11 to 12 shillingsper out of sight of Armour's chunks of AND RETURN
that the rains have not been heavy box.
enough to,wet the ground to a sufficient lard with a bone in Juno Sun.

depth. Oranges are beginning to make A Jubilee Celebration. o. _- Q3O

juice to be and in'pulp and the groves are reported Fifty years,is a long time-much more Speaking with Mr. F. N. Horton,
a condition
very flourishing
with but little fruit splitting. Highest than the average lifetime. Men, therefore recently, of some remarkably fine Tickets on Sale September 5th to 9th

temperature, 95; lowest 68; mean, 80; Messrs.naturally note such periods. Just bunches of bananas brought into town'lately good until September 25th.
now Davis & Son
Perry of
Providence -
normal, 81; averago rainfall, 2.67; nor- from his plantation, which Our
R. I., the proprietors of Pain- ap- route Is through the Eastern Battle
1.29 inches.
Killer,are celebrating the jubilee of that pears so prominently from the railroad, fields.

Southern District.-Temperature about good.'old household remedy, and have ,Mr. Horton informed us that the variety Coaches the most Comfortable. Lighted
normal. Rainfall heavier than any weekof doubled the 'capaCIty of their bottles, he raises is superior to that by Plntsch Gas. '
the present season, being very heavy without increasing the price. This'will.
I which comes to the keys''in that it will Route incomparable
in,the extreme southern where of for Beauty of
portion a course, make Pai l-Killer more Scenery.
: popu-
decided, deficiency has existed for many lar than ever. For fifty years it has been recover from the effects of frost and
weeks. Key West reports 5.50 inches for the family medicine chest in countless put out a bud in three months, when Quickest time.

the ,week. The conditions were very homes in every:country on the globe.' the other varieties may not do so in

favorable for growing crops. Pineapples Once given a trial, it,stays in any home, twelve months.-Braidentown Journal. A. O. MacDOXEIX,

in DeSoto county are reported to be where, when anything happens, the bot- *-.-< Gen. Pass. Agent,
promising and those who havo recently tle is reached for.

engaged! in the growing of this fruit in When one reflects that two is the Many Persons are broken N. s. 'P NNIN TON
years down ,
the lake region of that from overwork or household cares. ,
county feel much life of
Average a patent medicine these Brown's Iron Bitters
I Rebuilds the
encouraged at the prospects. Citrus fifty years prove very plainly that if PainHiller yitem,aid digestion:removes excess of bile Traffic Manager,
fruits are doing nicely; mangoes gone; had not been all that it claims, it aD4careaBl.1.1'f.L Get the genuine* '
Jacksonville, Fla.

'.,' -'"",


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.,-:<:, ,;::-' ''' ,-.'. ,' ,, ,;, .., .' 1 .
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$te"-*w '\9.!I""A": ::: ;., '"', .: 'I' :' -: -'fiji._;''<<'" '' f,..

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Miscellaneous. Now, what has that to do with mon-
ey? Bullion is no more money until STRA WJ.3ERRYPLANT'S.
the government fiat has been stamped .
Fiat Money-Railroad Commission on it than wheat or cotton is. 'It
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower; is sold in the markets of the world and .

E'*valuable the price fluctuates as does that of i
: paper once more, although it other merchandise. \

l would appear to any intelligent reader It was as* a commodity I treated it, V ,
that there:js'n' t much to say in reply and if a foreign merchant desires his r. i
ci to .Manatee correspondent, as he
your final settlement in gold bullion, thereis
ha.. so far receded from his original no reason whv our merchant shouldnot

statement, "that" -there never was any take his paper money, stamped by
paper money, as to call the greenback"fiat the government, and buy bullion.

money." Very good. Now, Old 'Greenbackers," years ago, ,
what. is' fiat money ? saw the panic in the future and warned : /
Fiat money has been and is still; a the people again and again to ,be- r *< .
cudgel in the,,hands of hard money ware, and new Populists did the same \ _
I financiers_ .used successfully against more recently. But the people wor 1 ,I

reason, thought ,and common sense. shiped the golden idol and all can see ,.' 14, -
Fiat we find is the Latin for let it be, the result.

,1 consequently is simply in government As for the assertion that Populistswant l wsL S
money a stamp that it is money. The to pay one dollar debts with sixty a4
Supreme Court, the highest authorityof cents' worth of silver, I will leave that q :' { .
our- country, when appealed to gave for more able Southern Democratswho
its decision that whatever the government advocate the same measure. .

saw, fit to put its fiat on was He informs us that there is no other -
money, regardless of intrinsic value, important issue in the Populists' platform SEND FOR CATALOGUE TO

whether it ,was paper, steel, leather, but if he will carefully read the JOHN B. BEACH Indian River Nurseries MELBOURNE,
FLA. ,
silver. Hence the fallacy of .
gold OJ; Omaha platform he will find consider "
the talk of a sixty cent dollar. able of interest on railroads and land
We hear of no outcry about coining monopoly. S-- ...'?': .
9 cents worth of copper into one hundred Florida is, with the rest of the country 'V "f..;
one. cent pieces. Why ? Be groaning under railroad extortion, .
cause it is such a small item and does and wants a Railroad Commission. I

not injure the "gold bugs." hope she will get it, for it will con- ,
i .My question as to difference( in par vince voters that Government owner- :

value of the original greenbacks and ship, as advocated by Populists, is the .
the second issue was not answered, it only solution. ;

was simply avoided, so I will answerit Germany owns all of hers, and last S'i
The patriotic bankers and
now. year carried passengers for one.quarter
capitalists had locked up all gold and of one cent.a mile, paid about $125,
none could,,be secured by the govern- 000,000 into the Government treasury,
ment except at 20 cent or more.
I per and employed as safety guard;; three
Then a bill was passed by congress) men where our roads employ one.
and signed by Lincoln to issue $60- Compare that with the profits and dead
060,000 treasury notes not bearing in. and wounded of both countries.In \ t lllll
terest and payable for.all debts, public conclusion I will say that unknown -
and! private! and so passed! at par alp writers who write on questionsof
ways.. Now note, that only four days history will do well to stick to his 'T L )
after its convention of bankers _
passage a tory as recorded, and not attempt to
was held Washington, consist- put aside the recorded facts and state
ing of.' four delegates from' New York, ments of wise men and statesmen.F. ,
three from Philadelphia and three irom, L. SMALL:
Boston.;: It would never do to let the Citronelle Fla. ..
i people make their O'YD.tlloney: and Our information does not agree with ..-, r
cause' their gold to become useless. : the above statement as to German rail- "

Congress had made the, money of the roads, and we should like to have our ;
government full legal tender for all correspondent's authority for his fig- .> .

debts and shylock. and his gold wereignored. ures. ,
The bankers must work and r
at once. A Homemade Drink. .

The 'result of the convention was Nothing is more refreshing on a hot jr- r ... that,for the first time in her historythe day than a cold homemade drink. No (, 4>
United States entered into a conspiracy root beer which is sold is as good as :. ( A.': <
to defraud her people. The the old-fashioned homemade beer, 'W'--
# next issue was printed by,order: of act says a writer,in the Household, and 14L-JTH ORANGE PARER., '
of Congress' February 25, 1862, and proceeds to teM't how to make a delightful The increasingly low prices of oranges in late years render it absolutely necessary -
contained this clause "good f lor debts, drink. Tri2 following recipe is for the growers to resort to some means of saving the inferior fruit and drops
not-worth marketing. The implement above figured is already in successful
public and private, except duties on one of well tested excellence: One
tion in Florida twenty of them being employed in one house.
imports and interest on public debt," and one-fourth pound of best white Manufacturer's price, $10.00. For this amount we will give a parer and a sub-. .
i in other words, good for Uucle Sam sugar, one-half pint clear lemon juice, scription for one year to this paper.
to pay his debts to soldiers and manufacturers one ounce of strained honey, one and I .
t but not good to bank- one-fourth ounce bruised ginger root -
pay O. B. Webster returned to Lake Guardian's Notice.
ers' interest or, 'to receive back or for three pints fresh water. Place the Helen from the West a short time
debts o d.the. government.How ginger in half the water and .4boi1 lr could they help depreciating? The half an hour, then add the:sugar, B.Rodnques, Laura Holgerson,Albert II. Hoi-.
ly in the season to gather mangrove gerson and Hardy Holgerson,I will, on the 3d
I demand was at once made for gold for lemon juice and honey and other\half honey, and brought: with him 6,000*day of September, 1894, at o'clock, a. m ap-:
ply to the County Judge of,Duval Flor-
importers to pay duties. of water, mix thoroughly and strain; pounds of the mellifluous commodity as':j ida,at his office,in Jacksonville. Florida County, for an .
; There,was not one word on a greenback through a cloth. 'hen cold stirin, a the result of his .hot-tempered little iservants' 1 order to of sell and convey all the right title and
interest the said
f about redeeming them later on, little of the fresh white of an egg and -labors. scribed land,in Duval minors County to,the Florida following,to-wit de-:
as' Manatee correspondent said, quarter teaspoonful essence of lemon. The south half of the northeast quarter and
your ?
the west half of the sonth-eat quarter of section
' and ,I defy him to find.. .Cover and set in a cool, dark BROWN'S, .., IRON, BITTERS. .30,township 2 south range 27 east.
his bullion for four and then bottle it. robe sold for the use and benefit or'laid
Now for statement place days, cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion&.Debility.- minors. ,
J t Webster' says bullion is uncoined gold This beer is of exquisite flavor, and l ZSPH HARRISON,
ii j, or'silver' or gold and silver in a mass. will last as long as the family will let it. 1 I August 4,1894. Guardian. .W-

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574. '

.. .
.Girdled Grapes.A Summer Soups. The PINEAPPLE PLANTS.-Abbaka, $io-pfr- 100- t;:'-''

New York item The demoralized "Who wants a hot in Cayenne, $i8 per 100. Varigated
greasy soup summer ,
says: Typical Smooth Cayenne, So cents each. J. F. Allen ''
? asks some one. Pinecastle, Florida.'
market is _
probably 91.2
grape Nobpdy I wants Tropical '," -
reply a
greasy soup
due largely to the "fa t thatsfiippers STRAWBERRY .:
at 500'
any season.of the, but a slight
) year, .- Topic. : clouds and Nunans, forrsale. R. .
forced a great f many girdled grapes delicate, nutritious soup is 'one/bf/ the ? Pud y.l.awtey. Fla. 8-1-4,
upon the market, and while they most palatable forms of nourishment in Traveling ; : .

hot weather. It is to Take .:. TROPICAL MELON PAPA WS-15 cents. Giant
of particularly
were' good"enougq to easy .
} appearance make '..,',-- 50 and 75 cents each. Water Poppies
attract ,buyers, they were ,green and nice soups in summer on account of The. .; ,.j''Tropical 15 cents. Water hyacinths 10 cents. Trades-
the great of cantia four varieties for
variety vegetables. Try, 2$cents Exotic water
sour, and consumers fare not "rapt to for instance,this, without any ingredient ..:": lilies s5 ceuts. Dwarf POinciana 15 cents each.

make second. of such stock which Tropical Nurseries, H. G. Burnet, Supt. Avon
purchases ,could give it even the semblance Trunk : ..: Park.iliA. it

and are reluctant to buy the fine Of greasiness. Wash half a cup of rice Line. ,-
F nd a small cupful each of carrots?$ rips SALE. -la-acre orange grove, at railroadcenter.
grapes now arriving. 3.000 two-year old seedling
*... and celery stalks cut in,dice anctputi Traffic fruit trees, of excellent variety; average heighthree grape

i in'a kettle with two quarts of cold Trends ,.; \ feet; also one two-horse John Deere corn

The Honey Crop. ter, a tablespoonful of salt,a saltsjfoon- Tideward 3 .: ,.. cultivator two-horse, Acme for riding harrow or,walking and one-horse; new. rake.One
Gleanings has been collecting sta- ful"of pepper, a sprig of thyme, anotherof : > Any or all at half value. Address Box 27 Archer,
Toward Fla.
marjoram, and three bay leaves. 9-1-4
titics from the chief honey-producing Bring slowly to a boil, simmer two hours, The
States, and thus sums up: *Briefly season to taste,and sprinkle in a teaspoonful Turbid Good strong plants, well rooted.
stated, the honey 'crop seems 'to have : of minced parsley; boil for five minutes x '; ." Good packing guaranteed. R. H. Smith! Law- .
tey, Fla.
been most abundant in central and and serve. This maybe changed in Twisting 8184TIWO

I lower Florida in Texas flavor somewhat by 'first frying in an Tack YEAR OLD LEMON BUDS.-2oc Two
; good ; fairly ounce of butter, until yellowthe rice *.year old Tangerines buds 25C. Seedling grape

good in spots, in Kern and Inyo and vegetables.Soup The a fruit Fla:..2oc. Lake Region' Nursery Co., Auburndafe,
counties, Cal;; in Oregon, Utah, Colorado Printaniere.-Heat two quarts of Trackless 8-18-5 ,
clear W. ANTED.-Beggar Weed seed, to'Soo Ibs. .
stock 500
Minnesota Wisconsin Ohio to a boiling point and add two '
Tarpon Time seed. Lowest bid gets the order., J.
Michigan, New York and ,New Eng ounces each of carrot, white and yellow B. Briggs Winter Haven; Fla. 8-18-4
turnip, cabbage and beans Takes. T
string Tempts
land; very poor in other portions of finely .PARSON BROWN ORANGE" and "Carney
half an of onion and *
; ounce a Test- TheThe' Sicily Lemon.-Best orange and lemon 1
most'of these States and others, and tablespoonful of celery leaves and pars- grown. Write for catalogue J. H. Turnley, I'

a'total failure in the most of Califor- ley, finely minced; simmer until the vege- Tardy "Excelsior Nurseries, Lake Weir, Fla. 8-11-13

nia, Nebraska,* Iowa,,1 Illinois, Mis etables are tender; You may vary this Tale To FOR FANCY PINEAPPLE PLANTS-Write to

souri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missis- by coffee adding to a quart of broth a large The Tarry. L.. Beeman, Orlando Fla. 7-28-10

North Carolina cupful of delicately cooked vegeta BOWLING GREEN ACADEMY, BOWLING
sippi South Carolina
bles-top of asparagus, tiny radishes,.cut .Types ::,. r-:.., Tax VA.-Opens Sept. 7th. Thorough

and Georgia. The general impression small, green peas, beans of any kind-in Tell;. ':??''*,' Thou equipment, careful training, unequalled health

given by the reports for the whole short, whatever your larder may afford; Travel students resort record uniformly, absolute successful.freedom For from hazing,
country is not flattering. simmer them in broth.for fifteen minutes Thy address JOHN HART, M.A. U.of Va. 7-21-8
if they have been previously cooked, or This Talent
Of Florida it Florida. Six
says : until tenderif not. The bones from the FOR SALE.-16,000 orange, lemon and grape )
Typical To-day uit trees. Write for
like this and
"Best known catalogue prices.
report ever
; forequarter of roast lamb
if made into All budded
a on sour stock. J. H. Turnley, "Ex-
"extra good," etc. W. S. Hart's stock and thickened with green peas Thoroughfare That celsior NurseriesLake Weir, Fla. 7-7-20 ;

neighborhood will have about 200 boiled with it and pressed through a Through Thrift TREES-At I
ORANGE greatly reduced
tons. His own,average is 344 / lbs.; seive until of the consistency of thin The Tend the hard times. W. H. Mann,
anottier cream make a nice soup. Season to taste Mannville, Putnam Co., Fla- 7.7.7 r
reports 55474 lbs from one acd keep it from settling by stirring in a Truly To

colony, ,but' not the best. J. B. ,Caset teaspoonful of flour wet with cold water. Tropical Thee FOR EXCHANGE.(B.Mnensts)t for cuttings established of the plants Giant

avrages.360lbs. extra'd tons from Put croutons in the of Sago Palm ( I
: ,9 tureen. The bones Cyeos JKevoluta) Citrus trifolia-
.t' 50 colonies. Florida is "in it" this of a roast of veal, or from the breakfast Territory. To-morrow. ta L. NORMAND seed for honey, Marksville and peen-to, La. peach seeds: J.

breaded veal chops with small The 7
year. )2:' ; a very
.. I ham l.bone? or better still, a Quarter of a LOUISIANA GRASS.-Paspalum wa( platycaulc), .
.. Thoughtful grass in -. for lawnll'nt''" __p_ -
: ..-- pound of unsmoked pork will make a manent pasture Will grow-- --where- ---'--Bermuda-- Y--

:Guaya Jelly. stock suitable for combining with lima f lounsi does. Can be planted any time of the year when

beans, cauliflower tomatoes Thanks ground is moist. Sets 25 cts. per 100, $
or per
We are indebted to Mrs. A. W. gus. The debris of chicken-roast aspara broil -, } 1,000 by mail W H.Powers Lawtey, Fla. tf

Sargent for the following excellent, re- or fry-is a good foundation for an, okra The FORSALE for timber cash time lands.or tiade,orange groves,
ceipt for making guava jelly, as sug soup. Terse Pla :-ii-i6isherifi's ,

gested by Helen Harcourt. ;An extended Mi-Careme Soup.-This soup, which in o Tutor I
plain English is mid-Lent is excel- Sale.
trial has it' soup,
proven.. superior to lent at any time of the year. Have your That UNDER and by virtue of an execution issued out
all others : fish merchant Tells Circuit Court in and for Duval County,
filet two,flounders, and put Four.h Judicial Circuit of Florida,
The guava jelly as made by the following them over the' fire with three pints of The day of August, 1892,.in a certain cause on the therein 16th

recipe; is as clear and beauti-- cold water,*a carrot' turnip, an onion, i pending wherein the H. B. Claflin Company, a

ful as crab apple or quince jelly and and the usual bunch of soup herbs; bring .. Truth. York corporation, is plaintiff under and the Marcus laws of Conant the State is of defend-'New t

varies in color from pale amber to a them to a boil; take out the filets and lay \..- The ant.I have levied upon the following described
them between two platters to cool while property, situate in Duval County, Florida, to-
light claret according to the varietiesof let the vegetables simmer. Typical wit:
you Stamp The northeast part of lot one (i), in block
the fruit. Either the parings or the half a dozen lettuce leaves in Trip one
little rounds (I.1i) ng fifty (sO) feet on Ocean Street by one
whole fruit (ripe, but'not too,ripe), cutup with an apple corer, throw them into Thine hundred The: and five(roS)feet on Washington Street.
two water lots in
may be used. It is a good planto sal ten boiling water for one minute; Via eight ((8)), in block two ((2))front being of two lots hundred one (i)and and

make a few glasses at time drain and throw into cold water to ten (210)) feet front on Ocean Street, running T
a as await further use. Stamp similar rounds The thence to the St. Johns River. The southwest
theguavajellies best in small quantities. from sliced or cold boiled red beets, and 'l half of lot one (h i) in block two ((2))._ Lot eight 'J
t / Tropical ((8) in block two ((2)) Lot
two ((2)) in block e"
ut;just enough water in the kettle the filets also in three
to stamp the
same sized .i ((3)) Lot seventeen ((1in:) block six ((6)). All of
keep the fruit from burning before the rounds, setting all aside until wanted, Trunk which said lots are situated !in the town of May-

juices are extracted. Let it boil for while you rub the remainder of the filets Line.For according port County to the of Duval map,or Florida plan thereof.,and numbered fi

an hour or more until well cooked through a sieve with a wooden spoon. and In the A. Gay Grant: Section forty ((40)) township ,1U
maps particulars address,
Bring a quart of water to the boiling two ((2)), routh range twenty-eight ((28)) east

then strain through a rather coarse point; stir together two ounces each of G. D. ACKERLY, and Lots the eleven south(II), twelve, ((12)) and fourteen ((14)),

bag, do not squeeze at all, or if you butter and flour over the fire; add the CENERAL PASSENCER ACENT acres of lot eight part(((8)),containing of section three twenty-five((3)), town-((25))

S do, strain again through a fine cloth, milk gradually, and a quart of the water THE TROPICAL ship two ((2)), south of range twenty-eight ((28)) """
the let in which the vegetables were simmered TRUNK LINE, ealt. Lots two ((2)) three ((3)). four ((4)). six ((6)), ten )l
measure juice it boil ;
a few ((10)) eleven (n). thirteen ((13)). fourteen
Jacksonville Pla. ((14)) and
minutes then season with pepper, salt and grated nutmeg fifteen ((15))of section ten (loj,
: add granulated sugar, south of ( township two ((2)), },
adding a more salt if desired. range twenty-e}g t ((28)) east. Lots "
one and a half measures to each one Stir in the puree made from the trimmings CENT-A- WORD COL U1FIN. seven of((7)) and two ((2)), (excepting fifteen ((15)) y
acres the
of the juice, and the juice of one or of the filets, and when ready to CUyton. ), section southeast eleven corner,deeded to Frank
lemons ,the add the rounds To insure insertion in this column, advertisements south of township two ((2)),
skim use of fish
two carefully, watch soup lettuce must be range twenty-eight ((28), cant. Lots one t
= accompanied by the oney. (i) and six: ((6)) of section
and beets. fourteen
closely! and the moment it ropes or Serve instantly, so that Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. two ((2)). south of ((14)), township ;
range twenty-eight
falls in the brightness of the colors may not be Postage Stamps received in payment. Lets one (i), two ((2)),three ((28)) east.
large drops, remove and place impaired.-Chicago Times. Count every word,including name and address. twenty-five ((2$). townsnship((3)), seven two((7)((2)),),of south section -

in glasses. of range twenty-eight ((28))east.
.. Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder 8 0,fl n 0 VDP Kieffer.. Gamer **trees. LeConte, In the F. Richard Grant: Section thirty-nine
and others. Sat- ((39)). township two
GUAVA MARMALADE. ((2)), south of
Most Perfect Made. at sunui bottom Oranges,Figs. Peaches, Plums and Pecans: ((28))east. And lot nine ((9)). of rangetwentyeight section three- *"
prices. J. H. Girardeau, Monti cello, ((3)), township two ((2)) south of
Florida. range twenty-
" Follow recipes given in ordinary Agts Wanted -Striking for'Life.' 9-} tf eight((28)) east. _
# cook books for peach marmalade Smooth Cayenne and Abbaka And I will sell the same to the highest bidder,
ex labor's side of the labor Pineapple for cash
question, by John and in front of the courthouse door in
Slips Orlando the
., cept that the pulp] should be rubbed S win ton. the Pillar of Light of labor movement Co., Orlando, Fla. Grape & Fruit city of Jacksonville, Duval County Florida on
Send IDC. lor agent's outfit. Quick,large profits. 9-8-4 Monday. October ist.
/I' seive 1894, within the legal
through to seeds
get out. CUTAWAY hours of sale. '

":'; ,-..A von Park.Home eeker: Address.NATIONAL- PUBLISHING" .CO., .FOR? :Hubbard, Federal HARROW Point,prices Fla.,State,address B. NAPOLEON B. DRO YARD "L
-. Chicago. .., ;Il 1. I0-tt-tf Agent. Sheriff Duval County Florida
August 23, 1894.&I

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'. :." SAVANNAH LINE. I THe Clyde Steamship. Co.NEW .. ,

rd Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New"York and Philadelphia; and .
between Savannah and Boston, 65. to 70 .hours. ,
u' The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap

? OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. pointed to,sail as follows.calling. at Charleston, S. C.,

: both ways : _
Pa..a.Ke Rete: I From New York. From Jackgonvllle
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.60; Intermediate. $19.00; Excursion 843-5; ........ ;. ........
.. Steerage$12.50. Tuesday Aug. 28th. at 3 p m. "IROQUOIS" Sunday Sept ad, at SOO: a m
Friday, u 3ist at3pm..ALGONQUIN".Thursday. 6th,at : oam
Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, 27.00' ; Intermediate $21.00 j Excursion $47.301; Steerage, $14.25 Tuesday, Se\\>t. 4that3pm........"SEMINOLE". ..........Suuday.II 1200 o n'n
r The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed topsail as follows: Friday at
] 7that3pm..IROQUOIS".Thursday. isth 3:;>a m
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Monday.u loth.atspm..... ..."CHEROKEE" ......Sunday, 16th,at srooa: m
.e (Central or 90Meridian Time.) W dnesday.u 12th,at 3 p m........."YQMASSEE".Tuesday, 6:30am:
........ "
Kansas City...... ........................................... _......Sunday, Sept. 2, 7.00 a.. m. Friday Monday 14th,,at at 3 p m. "AIGONQUIN".Thul'Sday; loth,at 8.00am
a Nacoochee .... ..... ................... ..... ................Tuesday, Sept 4, 830a.m.City co 17th 3 p m."SEMINOLE".Sunday. 23d at nooam:
of Augusta....................................................Friday Sept. 7, u.Soa.m. Friday Wednesday, 19th.at3pm."IROQUOIft..Tuesday.. ....."CHEROKEE"?; ...... 4< 25th, at too: p nt
City Birmingham.... ... ...."..................................Sunday, Sept. 9, 11.00 n'n aist atspm....... Thursday, 27th,at l:i:3opm
Kansas City........................................ ................Tuesday, Sept. ii, 3.00 p. m. Monday 26th 24th. at3P m. "yEMASSEE".Sunday.II Oct.3othat id 5:00am:
Nacoochee .............................................. .._ ..........Friday, Sept. 14, s':oo a. m. Wednesday, 28th,,at at 3 pml..AIGONQUIN..Tuesday......;..."SEMINOLE". ....... at at 'Booam 6:30: a m
City of Augusta............................................... .....Sunday, Sept. 16, 6.00 a. m. Friday 3 pm .Thursday, 4th, :
City of Birmingham!.............................. .................Tuesday,. Sept. 18, 6.30p.m. -
'e t.*. Kansas City...................... .... ........ ...................Friday Sept.21,9.30a.m. Philadelphia and Jacksonville Lines.
Nacoochee .................. ........... ............ ................Sunday, Sept. 23,113o a.m.
City of Augusta...................'.......................;....... Tuesday, Sept. 25, 2.oop.m. Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia calling at Charleston, S. C., south-
-1 :t City of Birmingham...........,...... ........... ......... ....Friday Sept. 28 5.00 a. m. bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as fol-
-. ,. Kansas City.*.............................:...........................Sunday, Sept.30, 6.00a.m. lows:
From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct:

1 FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Friday ,- September 28:h....... .........:DELAWARE ...............Friday, October 51 h
Chattahooctiee....................................................Thursday, Sept. 6, 10.00 a. m. Friday,, October sth.......... ....WINyAH..Friday. October 12th
L Tallahassee........ ..... .....................,............. .... Thursday,,. Sept. 13, 4.oop.m. Friday October i2th................DELAWARE......... .......Friday, October 19th.
Chattahoochee..Thursday, Sept. 20, 9.00 a. m. Friday, October 19th..................WINYAH...................Friday, October 26th
Tallahassee.................................. ............ ............Thursday, Sept. 27, 4joo.p m. : nSte.
I.Ili. i:
(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) .

Dessoug...................._................... ..........................Sunday Sept. 9, 12.00 n'n For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on -
Dessoug.............................................................Wednesday Sept. 19 7.30 a. m.
Dessoug................................................ .............Saturday, Sept. 29 S.oop. m. the St. Johns River. :-." ,..,


'. Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia. Savannah Florida & Western Railway; Capt. W: A. SHAW,
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad.
Z c Through Bills of Lading,Tickets and Baggage Checks to and from all astern Points in the South.. Leaves JACKSONVILLE from foot of Laura Street, at 5.00 p. m. "
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to .:. *o .
<:- a.I,. WALKER,Agent, C. G.ANDERSON,Agent : TUESDAYS and SATURDAYS, for ,
.-... .: New Pier No.35 North River New York. Savannah. Ga.., PALATKA SANFORD ENTERPRISE
*. RICHARDSON k BARN4WP Agents LeWls'WharffBostou. .,
'",kw.. .L JAMES,Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadei p11L'IY And Intermediate Landings the St. Johns River. ::.. ,
: W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.;
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent. Sav.,Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y. Leaves SANFORD 5.00 a. m. and ENTERPRISE, 5.30 a. m. ,':
i I.1.,.ADAMS, Gen'l East.Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent, ,
353 Broadway New York. 306 Washington st.' Boston.1. MONDAYS AND THURSDAYS for JACKSONVILLE. .'
J. P.BECKWITU General Agent 71 West Bay Street Jacksonville. ,
WALTER HAWKINS,Fla. Pass.Agent, W. E.ARNOLD Gen.Trav. Pass.Agt.,i' General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., JacksonvilleA. .
71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. I Green, New York.M. .
.J. COLE Passenger Agent 5 Bowling
; H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green New York.
.. I THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.F. .
;,;: W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS. :. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.
::: WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. f J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville Fla. .

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, .

:tGrain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers ,9 Sonth p1"w""p Avonn Philadelphia.. K Howling Or"-"n. N.w Vorfc. :.

,, ----- --


Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of / .- DEVON .CATTLEAND -

<. Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, ORANGE, w =-' ... I- .

f, Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark. TREES BLACK ESSEX HOGS

',. .
:1.* STAT AGENTS FOR ALL STANDARD VARIETIES.BUDS Are the best.for the far South.MILOhf .
,' Pertilixer Bo. I : "'COWSWrite ". '
ygerl.1nlen NITRATE SODA We guarantee satisfaction and l.west
F." prices. Special terms on large Or(}. rs. Prompt '
'\ Order early and gtt choice freest for Circulars. :
" \tar. Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, shipments.Addres, '
; / ''
IDI, 'It o. w. CONNKI) U. 'apt.Earle .ROSItIAND PLANTATION, '

{' GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH, Rice & Davis Nurserie faiigtriue: ,Orange Bainbridge Georgia.

u !County, Flarida. __
k /range/ Tree and Vegetable[ KAINIT Etc.
M. ,
qG + These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.
;- Send.for Catalogue free. LANDSCAPE GARDENER. NEW OROP.

!1 Li MARVIN .. Per pound postage paid 250.; ten pounds express
}HN L. ,
i not paid isc.per pound; per bushel .
? .. President. Parks Cemeteries and Private Places laid out and over.60 pounds, 650. "
'"" 1. T. BAYA. THOS. W. CONRAD by contract or otherwise. No. 19, sth St. Springfield Full line of

; Cashier. Assistant Cashier. ,Jacksonville. -
t CflPITflll $100,000. FIELD.AND
Durkee Shell Road only two miles from
Court House. House has 4 rooms, closet and GARDEN
I THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK porch;lot 110x51.Deed perfect. All taxes paid. .
: 3 Will sell cheap for cash. Address MATT. G. -
': JbnNSON,Jacksonville Fla.. SEEDS.

!capcQtfally solicits yoar Deposits, Collections and General HANG Corrugated Steel Hinge;
They are Stronger,Handsomer L. CAMERON,
Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .-,. and cost no more than the old ,
YOUR style. For' wile by Hardware Seedsman.
Dealers generally.; U not InDOOR
: INVITED. your vicinity write the Manu Jacksonville, Florida
facturers. Send for Biographyof .
., DIREOTORS I a Yankee HlngV'malledfree.: t1GNtM1MGLtto L YIQ IRERYwotkLIAR
', ... : .
Chas. Marvin,
'hn L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell. .: All kinds of tool*. ortunefort driller byntiog our
.. T. W. Roby Judge R. B. Archibald .. J 's 'Adamantineproce.ecantake core. Perfected EcononvIcnl
i .. T. Baya. Artesian Pumping Rip to work by Bte&m Air eta.Let .
;- idge E. M. Randall p. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson, WOBKS Hew Bdts1 cn., whelp' TOO.THE AMERICAN WELL WOBKB,
.#_ John B. Hartrldge. TEE Names, 1114 CUc t.. IlLj Dallas, Tc><.
", !.T' H. Robinson. .
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J 676 .' THE.FLORIDA: .1ltJdr. ,AND rlUIT-GROWER. y;:/ ,. !

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orV3 :;'1::. TV- ., "PAINE.. t WP__ ESTABLISH' w ED rl8T9-- ''II J. O. .. 'AINE. :

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;::': Do'you'wishlto.increase:your PROFITS Prom 50 to 500 per cent on : .' ,MV

\ H' .l',. i.-'t .*. ,

V ,'s'. .- ''FLORID 'OR7=tNCE 'jND:: ... Y"ECET1=rS'LE.'. CROPS ? +
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:;Then READ CAREFULLY.: i am hlet,prepared the above company for season of '94-95,. which k '
valuable any
'f' gives "more' information than other publication in existence. .

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?".A COMPLETE" : TREATISE on the: most successful. fertilization; of young and bearing orange trees on pine :

-. *- iammbck; lands'in Florida for INCREASED OPBOFITS. Sent, free 'of charge. Address, ; __
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I ; :. ,rv.., ,i ,;, _" "
; :''ir .< ..; 'M= .. -)., :, .- '" ',:,. '.'; -:. ... .. v: : . No. 50 West Bay Street: JACKSONVILLE,. FLORIDA.
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c., ;: .-N"R. .. Parties wishing to buy Potash Salts,Nitrate of Soda,etc.,ex-vessel at New York'(will find"''It to their interest to .address our office at; No., i Broadway, for quotations. Always state .
"',..::1. *. .quantity.... desired. No sales of less than carload ota from New York.QIROUL.ARS '
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Manufactured by the "*-
Contain a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the,Citrus r.
.Family,'which we hare selected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and tested by us.
,'' Jn our extensive, experience of:.seventeen years. We carry: one of j '
'!t' L. B. Darling fertilizer Co.
'#.: ,The Largest'Stocks of'Citrus:,Trees in the ,United States. ; .
.. ,
; '
i Gana lfor) circulars.. Address, rb jitr P .... ',.
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Sunset, .. Hill. i ,.Lake. -Co.:.Fla, ,
1 ,
:: Lorenzo A. Wilson., W G. Toomer.!! Y


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-'. Y#< "THH PBRTILIIZHR. HOUSH- Op FIiORIDA," '.,..' 0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla. ;,w, .
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No. 8 Bostwick Block, Corner antI Main Streets -l
'. Bay
V. \ :. : A FEW Op OU1' SPJBCIflliTIHS.H .. Send,for Pocket Memoranda Book. >wfi

., .. J. .Bhtva-, .&;.BROS.. COMPLETE MANDRES! R. oR1NBID.YEB, ; TREES ye'

: ,. ... AN : ET BLES.PpTASH .' ._ .,, ', .. .. '. ..........,....,,,. i,
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... -:1' ;'.1r .' t<>
;. : Both High and Low Grade always .. ,

I infcstock,-at lower: prices: .than;_ :competi'w; ,

\f";\. ." ,'.:, tors :wh"o. have- .it. ":;to'' ,,arriye.I.... ."'* .
1 V
Green Riyer Kentucky Tobacco Stems ,'dn
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=- Hand. -- ''\ 'J. {.
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0' Fine .Ground Tobacco. Stems. ,. #< ,: ..' ,.V. .. ,
; ..
: g' ., ',1 \ i..
; Tit[ rate ,of. Soda, Cotton Seed Meal
,, :. ,
!% ,
Canada Hardwood Acid ; 0
r -- ;. fsh s. Phosphate? ,;'; l'ft

": .' Sublimed? ;F4owers\ot SuI hur.BtOO ;;V

.. :' '/-.i. D, AN. D BON, E.
'' .
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; A, LARGI STOCK oIl it. -
S t The Fallow Land
I Plow. I' ,

FERTILIZER. .. MAT>. FUALS1.: .. 1 ; Manufacturedexpre sly for use in the light sandy lands of Florida. This.T ;/
.' .. -'AND- J pl excels in turning over and covering weeds and trash in soft fallow land,*,,

I V "AG.RICULTU' ,:VAI.CHEMICALS:: which every farmer knows is not an easy ta k. Cuts eight ,inches, .light

w tworborse, steel ;point or cast point, steel landside and steel moldboard '

$ a :. :..: *98 -Pep' Cent.. 'Caustic",Soda;. Insecticide. 'Material. Weighs fifty-one pounds. Retail price $7.50. Given with'he paper one year?
'. '
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;.. 14WAYi9. ONtH.A.ND.; 40 for'$5;50, or as a premium for four new subscribers at $2.00 each. !',,
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'' ; : LOW PRICE \WRITE\ .'FOR-f PRIGES and-AlfAlYSIS, ,. ;; "QUICK SHIPMENT. Dandy Garden Plow.: z

'.,., : -. '. This Plow is constructed almost entirely of iron; is very strong, durable and yet 4"
""' .,'" !t :. light,' weighing only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of very light draft.--3:;,
':; IlkSOf{ St" TO O The use of this implement makes gardening, pleasant and profitable. With it a 'f
I :: w,. ;; V man can do a man's work and half the work of a horse. We furnish with thisplow '
.. '
..' .'.r. "THH FHRTIIaIZERi 1OUSH OF pli O1 IDA." a,sweep and a turn-shovel as well as the,bull. tongue shown in the cut: Man "
,. ufacturer's 'pneej! $5.00. Price with this paper, $4.00, or given as a premium 'for
.,. ,, .c'. .;-. .,. ."' : ,' .. .,: iiioJxozi4MIeucla.: three new iubacribers at$2.00 each. .,Q
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Full Text
xml record header identifier 2008-09-10setSpec [UFDC_OAI_SET]metadata oai_dc:dc xmlns:oai_dc http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc xmlns:dc http:purl.orgdcelements1.1 xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc.xsd dc:title Florida Farmer and Fruit Growerdc:subject Newspapers -- Floridadc:description Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.dc:publisher S. Powersdc:date September 8, 1894dc:type Newspaperdc:identifier (OCLC)2038466 (ALEPH)sn 95026761 (LCCN)dc:source University of Floridadc:language Englishdc:coverage North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Duval -- JacksonvilleNorth America -- United States of America -- Floridadc:rights All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida