Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
S. Powers
Creation Date:
February 3, 1894
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002038466 ( ALEPH )
01387403 ( OCLC )
AKM6256 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026761 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen


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8. Powers, Publisher Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE FLA.. FEBRUARY 3, 1894. Whole No. 1308 xEW SEItIE .
Vol. vI, No. o. ,



The 1 '"South' Side". Fruit and Vegetable Carriers, HRNELL LUMBER ID 1/ENEER/ GO;,,

the standard for ten years of excellence and style, will be glad to answer any ques-
tions about them. Send for illustrated catalogue and price list. Hailed\ free. WARNELL, FLORIDA,


I BUFFED FRUIT HUBTION U BO The Crates are knocked down and tied up in compact bundles, ten crates to the
bundle, and the Baskets in'strings of thirty each.
They average from 1,800 to 2,000 to the car, and I am prepared to offer them in
FOB THE SALE OF car lots at

Florida and California Oranges and Small Fruits PRICE,
and in smaller quantities in proportion. .
AT AL cYrIO1 T. To facilitate prompt delivery, I am carrying these Crates in stock and can fill
: 25.000_square feet of floor space. Ample cold storage capacity. Car Lots a Specialty, Results orders promptly on the above basis.
wired at once. Sales four days a,week. Our auctinn sales are attended by fruit dealers
from all over Western New York, Western Pennsylvania, Eastern Ohio and Canada. The originaland Jacksonville, Fla. W. S. WIGnT IA.N.
only Independent Auction Western New York. Convenient to all railroads. Capitalnot
limited. Quick sales and prompt return1 ...Remember, this market la one of the best.
We have no opposition the Auction business, and realize good prices for all shipments

: Office and Auction Rooms 104 & 106 W. Market St. Buffalo, N. Y.
, If you have them write to us at once, stating how many you have, their sizes,
REFEIUtNcES-Queen City Bank of Buffalo'N.Y ; Marine Bank of Buffalo, N.Y.;Citizens Bank, etc.
; Baltin.ore, Md.;Continental Bank, Baltimore, Md.;any Commercial Agency. Florida Reference- ,
f A. M.Ives, Esq.,Manager Florida Fruit Exchange.Use We want Fancy Brights, Brights, Golden Russets, Russets, Navels, Tangerines,
.i U. S. Cipher and Scattergood's Code, and California Cipher (revised). Mandarins\ Grape Fruit, Kumquats, Strawberries, Cabbage etc., etc.
We want ten cars a day of Small! Russets and Golden Russets that have been .
D i properly clipped. sorted, sized, graded and packed. We want those that run 150,
. [ESTABLISHED 1869.] 176, 200, 216, 226, 250 to the box. For such
* P1=t LiVrE, RI ENBURG: & CO,

Successors to G.S. Palmer,166 Reade Street,New York. 75

' VBGETABIiHS 'A SPECIJUxTY. on shipments of 5O boxes or more,all of one pack,if in a reasonable distanceof
, : We solicit your shipments, and invite correspondence in regard to market and our market.
r: p'OSpects.Also write for stencils. References: Chatham National Bank, New Write for stencils and information.
York,and Dun and Bradstreet Commercial Agencies. .

'.t"...1" THE FRUIT MARKET }:i; '

I,.. Buy of the Well-Known, Reliable, Tenyears'testedGLEN BURTON K. BARRS, PRES. JACKSONVILLE FLA.; .Q


ORANGES,hardy and early. OLIVES and APRICOTS.
PEARS,all kinds,immense block.. FIGS and MULBERRIES. .
PEACHES,varieties, new and old. 'pOMEGRANATES.
In Some of the at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY
PLUMS,best Japan and native sorts. CAMPHOR TREES. parts country ORANGE.or no
JAPAN PERSIMMONS,varieties all tested. TEXAS UMBRELLA. Orange at all. They are also learning that BOUNE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but Best
GRAPES,good supply all leading kinds. GRKVILLEA ROBUSTA. ana nearest: to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varietiesnow
PECANS, best PaperShellvariety. MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA. for sale by
WALNUTS, English,Japan.and California. CITRUS TRIFOLIATA.
*v CHESTNUTS,Japan Mammoth fine. ROSES:: ,SO varieties.We C. A. BOONE, Agent.
have other kinds-lots ot"them-write for what you want. Semi-Tropical Nurseries Oriando.Fla,

For five years past samples of fruit have been,sent, free of charge, on application -
and.will be this : but ourexperience and information as to adaptability to DO YOU KNOW"SSsrSjfrfc3SS5: | : } ECONOMICthe
?' your-locality is worth.much more. We have discarded from our own orchards one the Tropics and I r I
variety,of'which we shipped 400 bushels in 1887, and this is but one of the hundreds DO YOU KNOW that the scheme just Horticul-
4 of varieties tested. We ,have built our reputation on fine stock-some people A in establishment? Some turists Florida was people up top LIVING| | FACT/ I
t:4 ., say the finest. An GOvernor of 'Florida writes: "They are beauties and so admirably (i U the times know this,and are quietly taking advantage of the opportunity!
packed as to shame a, novice in the business, and even many who pretend C i of getting rare plants of us. We can supply Aloe Bamboo,Camphor,Cinnamon
4 Z # ,Coffee. Dalbergia, Excoecaris,Ficus.Gamboge.Hemp( Sisal), Irou-
"' .; 'to be experts. po 4 bark. Jujube, Kola, Logwood Mahogany. Nutmeg, Olive,Orange,Pepper
:. Prompt and careful attention to correspondence. Prices.reasonable. Catalogue ....'.a Quercus Rice-paper, Strychnine,Tea, Upas,Vanilla Wax-myrtle, Xylo- ;
+ 'free. Ad. ftl ma,YucCa.,Z'ngif' er plants! and hundreds of others.

!:t.; '. -I. .'j i- Cw". L. ABERI.. Send for our large catalogue,which tells all about it. .
", .-" ,.........')..., ..',. .f.,"." ....... .,..,-..", .. ,...*.t., .... -. Glen.St.. Mary, Fl*. < .REASONER BROS., Oneco. -. Fla.. -
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.rk.: Ili ECPICIL E ,


The Old Reliable Eureka. :. .
{,.,. .t, .. "
In barrels at 15 cents per gallon. -

.:.'."" ;n:: : The Insect Exterminator. .

:... A sure remedy for the Aleyrodes (.White Fly) and the Scale, without. reference to'the hatching period.. ...
.:' In barrels at 15 cents per gallon. '.

: .. Flowers of Sulphur : : .: : .:

". : In barrels at 2 cents per pound. \ '

Spraying Machinery. "
c'. In great variety, at manufacturers' prices. '.



.; ; Correspondence solicited. ,
.. ; .
.,':<: i'. Jacksonville. Fla. -

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Is the mpst effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and IB a sovereign

remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poii-

onous nature, it can be ,handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

Injury.This J

insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during.,. the past two years, and htt
given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the_ Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal i item of expense in spraying tree ,

It is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen, to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one- .

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it"ill .

also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General: directions for using sent on application

Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered. 'j

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

McMASTER & MillER San Mateo and Citra Fla. i


-AND- .



The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South. ::)

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S.S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S.,F.&W.Ry.between Jacksonville
Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia Boston and New York and Merchant and Miner i
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all point North and Northwest
\ Receiver and Shipper Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connection t
Double daily fast freight service for all points! West via Albany, Jesup Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all pointS North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,Jesup 1
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Calla
Daily) fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and ban and Live Oak.
Coast points including New York,Boston,Philadelphia,Baltimore Washington and Providence.Four Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving Savannah Mon York(New Pier 35 North River,)direct for Savannah Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Satur t
days.Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays.Two days. :
connections a week for Baltimore via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston every Thursday at. J
,leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. 3 p.m.for Savannah direct,making connection: on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for i
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah every aU points in Florida. ;
Thursday.Connections. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,for Savannah October I9th and agth and every tea
for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah days thereafter.
October 34th.Sailing From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation! Co., every Tuesday and,Friday
days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. making dose connection with S.,F.&W.Ry.,for all points in Florida.North. i

The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from- "all points Bast and West to Florida. For full partleu-Ianrate.,stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines,or to R
0. D. OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,Oa. F. B.'PAPY,Division Freight gntjBavaanah! Oa. W. X. DAYIDSOH, G.n'l Faa*.ng r 1=t.,JaeJuravill, JTX*> !
V. 8. KNIGHT, Contracting! Freight Agw&t Jadrs?avllli.Via J. H. .TmULgJCllOa 11 m*I ag ...... Jaekawnrfil, .,. M
'i il


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(f TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION adapted the fruits to her changeable current of fresh air permeating upward effectually without the cumbersomeuse

f[I For For Six One Year .. .....92.00 1.00 temperature, and to the ventilation of through the load, to carry off as con of ice, simply by sweeping them
In Foreign Countries .;. 3.00 an ever-changing air, and not to uniformity stantly as they are exhaled the fruit clean out of the car or other fruit
Subscriptions in all cases cash in of temperature nor to stag; heat, sweat, etc., which, if confined, chamber, by using the natural air onlyas
advance. No discount allowed on one's nant air. hasten decay. a removing vehicle and not as a
all own agents'a subscription liberal(except cash commission in a club), but will to EXPERIMENTS SHOW 1 A vertical direction is not only the conveyer of temperature, which will be
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby that the stagnant air in the center : natural one for ventilation generally, better in every respect wherever it is
them. Write for terms. (among the goodsof) ordinary socalled but, in the case of cars particularly, it the exhalations that have to do with
To every new subscriber we will send, ventilated fruit car in the summer is certainly the best, as it is also the the life of the produce..
postpaid, a of Whitner's "Garden- ; .-
copy will rise shortest distance in the and ina
car I
ing in Florida." For two new sub- 25 to 35 degrees higher than the ; Ventilation on Fruit Steamers.Editor .
outside shade and that it freight car the vertical is the only
scribers; at $2.00 each, we will send, temperature, Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
postpaid, a copy of Moore's Orange a quantity of berries or other perish- practical direction in which to ventilate Replying to your favor of the 19th
Culture." able fruits, etc., is divided into two through the load; and to securea inst., on the subject of ventilation to
Rates of advertising on application. equal portions and subjected to the positive, clean, vertical ventilation
Remittances should be made by check, oranges on the steamers bringing the
same surrrounding conditions, except through the load in the car, it is es- fruit
North I
postal note. money order or registered beg to say that I have
letter to order of that one portion is more or less sential to preclude lateral ingress given this matter attention for several
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. confined and the other portion ventil- through any of the haphazard open- years. I have read your article; in
i Jacksonville, Fla. ated; the one will spoil quicker in proportion ings in the sides and ends of the car. the issue of the 20th inst., just received -
as it is confined, and the other It is desired to secure this vertical on this subject, and must correct
NOTICE will be preserved longer as in propor- positive ventilation automatically with a misapprehension on your part rela-
tion to its ventilation.At the motion of the train or wind by the tive to the steamers bringing the
If you receive a copy of this ordinary temperatures we see easiest and cheapest means, with the Italian fruit here, because you ,
paper which you did not order, that almost any kind of perishable simplest appliances possible, and with- "Many of the fruit steamers in the
consider it an. invitation (to sub- produce will spoil when its bulk prevents out interfering with the usual con- Italian trade have blowers or fans,"
scribe. If you do not want it, the escape or retards the carry- struction of the cars. etc. As a matter of fact, there are
kindly hand it to a neighbor. ing away of the exhalations. The A great desideratum also is to keep only four steamers that I know of with
higher the temperature the more rapid: out the light and dirt, which are greatdr2.wbacks such machinery on board-the Fru-
the exhalations, which, not being to the present style of so- tera and the Naranja, which have for
TJ.Ta.nspoJ.Tta OIl. well removed from the confined or called ventilated fruit. cars, which several years brought cargoes of fruitto
bulk produce, of course quicken its latter, at best, only permit a haphazad New York, principally from Spain,
decay; but if the produce is sufficiently ventilation of a part of the space about however, and the Dracona and the
Air and Ice.-I. separated and ventilated to promptly the load 'and admit the injurious light Escalona, which take cargoes from
All perishable products emit certain I displace and remove the exhala- and dirt to the load. Sicily to Montreal. I think I am

gases (with heat, sweat, &c.), more tions, then 'its preservation is pro- THE "UNIFORM TEMPERATURE" F AL- quite correct in saying that these are
in high temperature than in low; and longed. LACY. the only four boats that have this kind
the general tendency of most perish Fruits are divided up and scatteredout of ventilation.The .
ables to decay: is due, not so much to for the rapid and thorough remov. To the variation of temperature of steamers of the Phelps and
the temperature itself as to the presence al of the gases, sweat, etc., by extreme the atmosphere is frequently ascribedthe Prince lines bring most of the fruit
ot these exhalations which high ventilation (and heat is added to hasten deterioration of producejin; trans- from Sicily to America, and their
temperature increases.In the process) to perpetuate their portation, where it is confined from methods of ventilation are virtuallythe "
the hottest weather fruits rarely keeping, in rendering them dried- the outside ait;* and therein protected same as have been used for a great
decay on the parent tree or vine, even fruits. from that change of temperature! many years. There are large venti-
after they are matured, and then onlyat Now, if extreme ventilation thus That the natural variation of temperature lators reaching far above the deck, the
excessively wet times. On the prevents decay indefinitely by the extreme which is supposed to be prominent openings of which are kept
branches, where the fruit flourishedin I removal of the gases, etc., then healthful to the fruits up to the mo- turned in the direction in which the
the full natural summer tempera; certainly a step in that direction-the ment they are harvested, then, strangeto vessel is going, so that ample air is
ture, protected by the foliage from the proper application of a lesser: degree- say, suddenly becomes so ruinously forced to the lower hold, from whichit
sun's rays, the separated fruit all gets merely enough but sufficiently positive unhealthy to the gathered fruits as to passes through the cargo out of the
the thorough ventilation that perfectly ventilation can be secured to provean compel its being supplanted by an artificially hatches. Around each hatch is builta
carries off the fruit gases, etc., as con- effectual preventive against the uniform, low temperaturefor combing of wood, which stands sev-
stantly as exhaled.All present ruinous deterioration of so their preservation, is a popular eral feet above the actual hatch with
kinds of fruits hang by, the many products in transportation, by fallacy.It hinged covers, and in all decent .
stem on the branches, in the hottest t the sufficient removal of those destructive is not the change of temperatureof weather these covers are kept open.
weather, long after the cessation of f factors, the noxious gases, the air that "wastes" the fruit in The principal reason why the Sicily
any other preserving influence from sweat, etc. transit; but it is the insufficient changeof fruit comes here in sound condition is
the tree than the shelter from the sun ICE INSTEAD OF AIR. the air among the fruit-it is the owing to its very tough skin, and I
and the ventilation secured there, The transportation perishables'long stagnation-the confined air saturated never ,saw oranges from any other part
which completely removes the exhaa- distances in sound condition has' with the fruit sweat, etc., that causes of the world which would stand up as
tions; but most fruits begin or tend to elicited scientific attention almost waste from mould and decay; and they do. Some years ago a prominent
spoil soon as gathered together, where solely in the direction of refrigeration such an everchanging supply of clean Liverpool fruit merchant was herein
the gases, heat, sweat, etc., are more and has developed the fact that, fresh air, to the closest possible con- June and finding our market very
or less confined. while tact with the fruit, as will promptly low and the oranges from Sorrento arriving -
perfect refrigeration may preserve
Why do these which are gatheredand the appearance and prevent the remove the noxious gases, etc., from in very sound condition, in
bulked more or less together tend'to decay of most kinds of fruit and pro- the car, will largely remove the chief structed me to purchase for him about
spoil so soon; while those left in duce, yet it is generally admitted that cause of quick deterioration therein. 2,500 boxes, which I did and ,sent
the open air, even after fully ripe and the stamina and quality of a large The unitormity of temperature, of them on the fast steamers to Liver
unsustained by any circulation of sap class of green produce are injured by itself, will not save from deterioration.The pool. Those oranges had come from
from the tree, remain: sound until in refrigeration. Now, as refrigeratorcar temperature of the air in the Sorrento, say 5,000 miles, and I sent
their turn they are gathered and shipping is always expensive, as fruit-holds of the Ocean Steamships is them to Liveroool, say 3,000 more.
massed? In these that are gathered well as uncertain (and it is generally as uniform as it is stagnant; it is laden When I tell you that he informed me
togetheris it not simply the unremovedfruit conceded to be risky at best), is it not with the ruinous fruit exhalations, and that his house sold most of them to
exhalations generating sweat, ferment high time to give some attention to is very disastrous to the fruit and other the steamship people to be used for
.4 etc., that hastens the decay? the scientific application of the pre. produce. their cabin passengers coming to
The fruit. thrives in the high temperature servative quality of pure ventilationfor True, a slight circulation of air, a America, and that actually some of
of the summer middays; nor the distant shipment of certain species of ventilation, can be obtainedby the oranges arrived back here in good
does the natural change of perhaps 20 perishables? skillful refrigeration of cars and condition, thus traveling 11,000 miles,
to .30: degrees temperature between fruit apartments in boats and build- you can see what very tough keepingfruit
midday and midnight seem to disagree AIR INSTEAD OF ICE. ings, and then it is the circulationthe that was.I .
with its development or its keeping It will not be the object of these ventilation-that preserves, by believe that Florida oranges can
there, long"after maturity, where perfectly papers to combat refrigeration, but removing the exhalations to the ice be landed in New York in sound con-
aired in the branches of the tree simply to show such an application of chamber, for their absorption by the dition if handled in the same way as
or vine. ventilation to cars and steamers as melting ice. But.a better plan wouldbe those from the Mediterranean. The

So it would seem ?that" ,.Nature* I will.- automatically keep a positive. to remove these exhalations more trouble with the Southern steamers is

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that the storage is too tight, and the edged advantage over the common

fruit does not have the chance for sort now so justly valued for its healthful HASTINGS' FIRST LAUREL.

ventilation that the Italian fruit has. and refreshing qualities.At .

But the principal reason, this seasonat Mr. Marsh's place I saw a good Is the leading early Potato for the Southern States Extra stock of Seed Potatoes

least, is the poor keeping quality of many fine, large, thrifty trees ol the now ready. First Laurel, $5.00 per bbl.; Rural New Yorker No. 2, $4.75 per bbl.;
the oranges themselves, which it Tahiti lime with some very fine fruit Dakota Red, $4.75 per bbl.; Early Puritan, -1.75 per bbl.; Early Sunrise, $4.75 per
bbl.; Early Rose, $-1.50 per bbl.; Early Beauty of Hebron $4.50 bbl.
seems to me it is possible to see before upon them, although the main part of per

shipment. If that fruit was anywherenear the crop had been gathered and H. G. HASTINGS &: CO.,

as strong in keeping qualities as shipped north, where it took as wellas Seedsmen, Interlachen, Fla.
the Italian fruit the very few days it is the .lemon, being about the size Our Catalogues are free on application.

on board a steamer would not affect it which is most acceptable to consum 300 Acres In Nursery. .
as it does. I think it would be much ers of the lemon. The trees had the SP Thirty-Fifth- Year.

better if the coastwise lines would appearance of being entirely hardy CIAI./rIES: .

keep the fruit by itself in the between there and Mr. Marsh said they were FRUIT I TREES Specially Peach, Oriental adapted Plums to Florida and and Pears sub-tropical Japan Persimmons countries.

decks, forward when possible, and perfectly at home in the climate. If Strawberries Guavas,Giant Loquat etc., etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens: Camellia -
,Azaleas,50.000 Palms 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses, The
then put in some ventilators, for the they prove to be entirely adapted to Green House Department is complete? in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Catalogues -
air to reach same, something on the our soil and climate-and I do not see No free.Agents.Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitiand Nurseries,Augusta Ga.

plan of the steamers carrying the Italian why they should not-they may be ..
fruit.I come a valuable market fruit in this CIRCULARS OF

do not mean to say that there are Excelsior Lake Region. The fruit, SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain
not now ventilators on the steamers of as most of you know, is entirely seed

the coastwise lines, but I do not be- .
less.I a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus
lieve there are enough of them, nor visited the nursery of A. L. Duncan family" which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and tested by ui
that they are worked as well as they at Dunedin on the Gulf coast, in our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one of

might be. and found a fine though not large The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States.

HORACE W. DAY. stock of well grown orange and lemon Send circulars. Address R. W. PIERCe
New York.Gfrotfe.
trees. He has a bearing grove of Sunset Hill Lake Co.,Fla,

specimen: trees in which one may see
and Orchard and taste a large number of named

varieties of the orange. He once ONE MILLION FRUIT TREES

Among the Nurseries. propagated a much larger number of ROSES, ETC. THE LARGEST STOCK EVER GROWN IN FLORIDA.Will ,
varieties than he does
at present.He take R. R.fare from bill of trees to all who
will come to Nursery and purchase to amount
Mr. O. R. Thacker recently madea now limits himself mainly to a ot double! R. R. fare. I can afford to make this offer as one pleased customer means his future
tour of several South Florida nurseries trade,also the trade of his neighbors. Club together and send one man from your neighborhood
few, perhaps ten or fifteen of the best before buying this fall.
and reported what he saw in a sorts. He prefers the rough lemon asa I am now preparing to plant for myself what will be the largest orchard in the county. Price
of stock as low as the lowest for first-class stock. Catalogue free.
read before the Avon Park Horticultural
paper stock for most varieties of citrus 'Pomona
Society. The following excerpts fruits, and next to it the seedling Wholesale Nurseries.

are taken from the columns of grape fruit. With him the latter produces W. D. GHIFFIflG, PfopPietotr.
The Idea Jtlacetennj/f faker Co., Fla
: a larger tree at a given age than
.I called first upon Mr.\ C M. Marsh, any other. JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
of Lakeland, not to see trees on the Mr. A. *L. Duncan impresses one ,

rough lemon, because he had not got as being a very careful and painstaking -
them, but to see the seedless grape i nurseryman and a reliable man.I GROCERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS

fruit and learn what its merits reallyare. made a short call at the Phoenix ,.
I first saw the nursery trees of Nurseries,at Braidentown, F. N. Horton -

this grape fruit, both the one and two proprietor. There I saw the Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.

year buds, and found them of very finest specimens of their age that I JACKSOrT YLLE. FLA.
fine and thrifty appearance. Mr. had of -
ever seen some of the hardy

Marsh had already exhausted his stockof palms. As I looked with delight Parker........................PRICE....:.....81 LIST 75 WHISKEY.Martin Rye. ............ ........ ....8300*
the fruit of his seedless pomelo, but them I Orange Valley.......................... 2 00 Virginia Glades .............. ......... 400
he drove with to upon thought why do we not Spring Valley..... ..................... 2 50 Old Bourbon ............................ 5 00
me a neighbor's place, have some like these at Avon Park? North Carolina Corn................... 2 50 Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ ft 00
where I purchased several specimens I believe that we Clifton Club. ......, ............... Old Baker ................... ......... 6 00
may.I Montrose .
86 00
of the fruit
grown upon a grove of also made a visIt-all too brief Jugs Extra: One gallon 250.; two gallon,500.; three gallon 75C. Remit by post office money
three-year-old buds which had unwise. at the Royal Palm Nurseries Oneco. order check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry towns.A .
ly been suffered to bear all they would, There at complete price list of Groceries and Wine List sent free on application. _
one sees a bewildering varietyof
and a great many of these young trees rare and beautiful and strange JOHN CLARK, SON fc CO.

were loaded down with fruit. I saw ,
several of the fruits cut, and tested th plants gathered from all over thee '
world, as well as the more common Standard Guano & Chemical Co.
quality ot the same, which I found to but desirable plants and shrubs ,, M'f'g

be excellent, having sufficient of the already more or less known in Florida. No. 14 Union St., New Orleans, La.
bitter principle, but considerably less Many of these have diffi *
very ;$-
of it I think in the membrane
separating' cult to pronounce and the mind and I High Grade Animal Bone Fertilizers
the segments of the pulp than ,
tongue need a special
training to
in the ordinary fruit of Florida.I
grape master them. There down i in
away Raw and Dissolved Animal Bone.
certainly consider its quality
very South Florida, some four miles back
good. It is a true grape fruit,and nota Cl-JT: C:R:751SL: TB Es D.
from the Manatee river is
hybrid partaking as much of the OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.Jacksonville .
together larger number of varieties of I
quality of the orange as of the pomelo, tropical and semitropical plants than Fla.
arid so losing all claim to the distinct .
be found
can anywhere else in the
ive merits ol the grape fruit. United States I The Presi BUDDED
suppose. ROSES!
Of all I
saw cut in the grove and dent of the American Pomological Society .

those that I brought away with me, thought it worth his while a GROWN IN AND ADAPTED TO FLORIDA. .
not one was seedless
absolutely but
or so to four
they had from three to six seeds each. there in the ago study of that remarkable days Send for catalogue and price-list to

But this is a great improvement over collection. Hastings Ss Wy13e,

the sixty to eighty seeds each of the .. .. IZ1ter1a.o1'1eza.9: : P1'a.ltAlE .

common grape fruit. When the pro Two families going down to their

duction of the grape fruit becomes winter home in their orange groves i in GEORGE I}llltS: ERIES.Write .
many times greater than it is at the western of
present part Orange had I
county to W. W. Hawkins & Sons for their new catalogue of orange, lemon
which I will be within
suppose a twenty-eight trunks. and grapefruit trees. .
few years, and its consumers have --S. .. Our
Specialties are: Ruby Orange, Triumph Grapefruit and Sanford'i
learned to discriminate,this practically) FOR DYSPEPHTA Thornless Sicily Lemon, the latter declared by experts in California to be the
seedless variety possessing all the good I Indigestion BROWN'S and Stomach IRON 31TTE tab. finest lemon yet brought to the notice of the growers there, analyzing higher in
qualities 'of the old grape fruit will, AH dealers keep It,Si per bottle. Genuine haa quantity and quality of acid than any other variety.
tcada-mart ana created red teat on i rrappwy Ha 1rln.s &
doubt, have a real l and acknowl Son..f
Gioorgotown",P1 ;

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-- -
Mineral ,Manures for Fruit Trees. like the human system when debili turing to average six cents per pound, market. There are,large quantities

The great increase of fungus blight tated, easily overcome by disease ? while the prices would easily average ot jelly not only from the guava, but

of various kinds all kinds of All the carbonaceous material of twelve cents per pound.Mr. from lemons and other fruits as well,
vege. wood as of other vegetation comes Geo. T. Jones, Washington, the fine flavor of which cannot be excelled -
tation, and especially on that of"fruit from the carbonic acid gas iu the air. D. C., one of the oldest and best en- and this jelly is the pure stuff-

trees, is a most significant fact. It But it appropriated through the gravers in the United States and one not half gelatine or some other adulterated -

indicates that a wide change has been leaves, and these need a considerable of the founders ot the American Bank ingredients. Those preferringa

made in the conditions of fruit grow, amount of potash. The fruits, and Note Company,gave as an opinion that genuine article can be safe in buying

ing. The most important point is how especially the seeds, need both potash palm papers would eventually take the from this establishment, says G. W.

we can best restore old conditions ana and phosphate. The chief use of car- place of all the plate papers now in use, Hendry in the Ft. Myers Press.

make the growing of fruit successfulas bon in the soil is by its decay to give with the possible exception of banknote I Another.important and interesting

it used to be. That insects are more off carbonic acid gas that will keep the and bond, and would fill a want feature is that the Messrs. Gardner

numerous than formerly is true; but mineral plant food in condition for that he had thought never would be have machinery for cutting and shaping -

various insecticides give the fruit use. If the soil contains an excess of supplied.Mr. tin for the making of cans in any

grower the power to combat these. vegetable matter it leads to large Theo. de Vinne, publisher of number and of any desired size.

With the fungus diseases the troubleis growth of leaf and wood, but not a the St. Nicholas and owner of the Their building and machinery are all

that they prevail worst in very wet healthy growth nor one that tends to model printing house of America, af- new, of first class make, and most excel-

weather, and as their remedies are fruitfulness. We see this condition in ter experimenting with palm paper, lently arranged for convenience and

applied in liquid form they are washed what are called 'sap sprouts," caused expressed his approval of it in unqualified rapidity of work. The building is

away before they can have much by the concentration of growth on too terms. two stories and commodious, and is

effect. If it js possible to have a pre small a number of buds. These are a few of the many expressions certainly an enterprise of more than

vention of fungus diseases, that will The prevention of most of the we have heard from eminent ordinary importance for a county like

prove much better than any cure. blights and fungus diseases of fruit authorities relative to this paper and this.

What were the early conditions under trees is to be found in giving more the time is just as ripe to inaugurateits -- .-

which fruit growing was nearly mineral manures and less (from the manufacture in Florida at the pres- The Wastes. of Florida.Dr. .

always a success? The soil was porous stable and barnyard. This will not ent as it ever will be; it simply! wants Carl, an efficient German chemist -

open to air and moisture, and I cure the disease after it has made its capital intelligence and men like ex- now at Winter Park,was impressedwith

it was rich in both nitrogenous and I appearancebut after we have destroyedthe Senator Warner Miller to push it to this widespread waste, coming, as

mineral plant food. The nitrogenous I fungus by free use ot fungicide, success. But no one at all conversant I he does, from a country where every

fertilizers are, we think, less neededfor the application of mineral fertilizers in with paper-making ever expects to see thing is put to use and nothing allowedto

growing fruit than is generally sup large amounts will do much to keep palm, or any high grades of paper, go to waste.

posed. They, at least, are not a rem- the trees healthy and to make them made by any such process or at such He has a process by which he can

edy for fungus, for their effect is to fruitful.-American Cultivator. prices as straw paper is produced.FOR i reduce Spanish moss in a perfectly -

set up fermentation in the soil, and 4..... LEATHER.A : green state to dry fibre in a few hours.

thus create the conditions in which Palmetto Again. gentleman who had been engagedin The old way of working this materialby
fungi most thrive. In it is burying it in the mud is
practice The Ft. Meade Pebble has been the manufacture of leather in Florida or boiling

found that applications of barnyard making a special study of this subject.It and on a more extensive scale thanit so exceedingly fedious as to be nearly
manure,the most common nitrogenous ever was conducted in the State, impracticable. The new method used

fertilizer, increase the tendency to says A plant: to manufacture five tons of has this to say of palmetto roots: by Dr. Carl is calculated to bring
blights and mildew the and about revolution in the indus
on apple straw day would not exceedin "That the only impediment he foundin a moss
paper per
grape, and to the disease known as cost $15,000, while a five ton pal- the way of using palmetto roots for try, as it costs only about two cents

yellows in the peach. Mineral fertile metto mill would cost at least tanning purposes was the want of some per pound to reduce the crude articleto
izers have precisely the opposite effect, paper About machinery to reduce the material to fibre There is a great demand for
$125,000. a
especially in the case of potash. Large for making twenty years from ago the, the condition of fineness they were cured moss, as it is largely used for

applications of potash in excess of the process various species of the paper palmetto was able to grind bark." Palmetto roots making matresses, upholstering vehicles

amount usually needed were for a patented these were are soft and very easily cut, and any and for hundreds of purposes not
; purchased
time thought to be a remedy for yel by a gentleman who controlleda competent machinist with a little in. necessary to mention, and Florida
lows. The truth be that the of the stuff to
seems to mill in Pennsylvania. He ventive ingenuity could easily devisea grows enough supplythe
lack of is the of paper world. The trouble hereto-
potash prime cause was successful in producing excellent simple machine that would shave
the yellows where the disease fore has been the of curing
though of but having small the roots to the desired fineness-a expanse
has been established it will spread to capital and not paper being, a practical machine similar to that for making it, which difficulty is entirely overcome
trees that are abundantly suppliedwith maker and having a reckless and extravagant wood excelsior would do the work. by the new method above referred -

this mineral. If there had never the enterprise fell At present there is a tannery in oper- to.

been any lack of potash where peach through. manager Another, mistake was, in ation near Savannah, Ga., using the The gentleman above mentionedsays

trees are grown the yellows would shipping six tons of palmetto from stems and leaves of the saw palmetto; that there are fortunes in the
have manufacture of citric acid in Florida.
never appeared.Few Florida to the interior of Pennsylvaniato their first operations were small and of
an experimental nature with an incom- There are only two such factories in
appreciate how large a drainof make one ton of paper, instead of
this each in Boston and
potash is required to perfect twigs, manufacturing it on the ground whereit plete and primitive establishment; yet country, one ?
and the is worth
they were successful in producing an Philadelphia, product
leaves and the seeds of fruits. This was produced. These operations
mineral is far more abundant in each demonstrated the fact that the best of excellent quality of harness leather from thirty to fifty cents per pound.In .

of these than it is in the trunk of the paper can be made from the palmetto, that found ready sale at 17 cents per this State there are millions of

tree. The leaves and fruit are grown and from its not, for the reasons above pound and a net profit of 50 per cent. lemons, sour and bitter sweet oranges
was realized from the operations. If that are never utilized, and which, at
every year and since the country has mentioned, having proved a financial
small cost could be turned into
such results can be "made in a small a very ,
been cleared of forests the winds success, interest in palm paper mak. I
blow away the leaves from under the ing was diverted into other courses.A way and during the great depressionthat citric acid, which would prove a profitable
source of revenue. The unmar-
trees where they were grown. In the well known authority on papermaking has pervaded business of every
ketable native lemon could be thus
forest most of the potash required for in Holyoke, Mass., who had nature the past year, what might be
utilized well the best of
as as grades
the of and leaves is each much attention done with a large and well-regulated
growth twigs given palmetto gaveus
fruit which would bring better returns
year returned to the soil from whichit his opinion in detail as to the practicability tannery? ,
from the acid than when sold as fresh
taken. After the of for --
was forest was using palmetto paper
fruit. Acid factories here would have
cleared the land was usually cultivateda making. The process, he said, wouldbe The Seminole Guava Cannery.We .
advantage over those in other
number ot years with grain and almost identical with that of pro. confess our surprise and feel every
States, as the fruit is produced here,
grass crops before it was planted with ducing chemical fibre or wood pulp, ashamed of our ignorance to now
and no freight charges on the raw ma-
fruit trees. As soon as these fruit now so well understood; it would learn of the magnitude and importanceof
terial would eat the profits.-Or-
trees began to bear there was an im- simply require a knowledge of the art this valuable enterprise. It is certainly lando Reporter. up

mense increase in the amount of of paper making, together with plentyof worth the while in going to see I Si

potash to be taken from a partially- good common sense, to make the and investigate. There you can now
Out of boxes of picked
depleted soil, and without the yearly industry a grand success in Florida. see tons upon tons of preserved from W. 509 W. Clyatt's oranges near Le
supply of forest leaves that in their This gentleman also gave us an esti- guavas stored in cans to be manufactured grove
vyville only five boxes of russets were
furnish it. Is it five ton mill I into small marmalade and
decay might any mate on a ; as no expen- cans, found. They were the finest lot of
wonder that plants expected to furnisha sive buildings would be required, he jelly. Most of those large cans show ever shipped from that sec-
yearly growth of leaves and fruit placed it at 125000. As nothing to'hold.anywhere from twenty-five to oranges tion.

without the mineral plant food necessary II. cheaper than writing paper would be fifty pounds. Already there are ) .

to do so, became weakly and, made, he placed the cost of manufac- stacks of small cans. ready for ,therf Commence the year by subscribing.
rf ; f:. .r*



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Importers of -
Manufacturers of -

Sulphate Potash All Kinds of BRANDS

From Germany. SUITABLE FOB OB-
____._.,,...... .T __ .__.._...._._.._... ANGE TREES,Peach
HIGH GRADE SULPHATE -.._......;-.._ ...._..:. ...._.. .._... _
90-95 per cent. $ 6.0o per toe =. _.._._ .._._.... _.__._........ ff: .......:: -. Trees, Strawberries,
::;; :;"' ".:::;;..':'''' : Pineapples.

l i: .... .
=: =:'
Write for a .
48-55 per cent. Sulphate Potash, -
.00 per ton,free on board cars -- IIliii -- Pamphlet GiifimFilll(
Jacksonville, Fla. l -
,,, > Particulars
-- ___- ..
Also large buyers of = -_ TO -

-_ = 1 East Bay Street,
KVBry Kindof f
Jacksonville, Fla.
-- -
TO -

Raw Material. I _-- "- .=.- -_- Lockhart Little,

FJlI\\iEI\]\ ]jfiD '1'l\tJe1E( The ones transplanted twice were I Sweet Potatoes and Bacon. I I We are not much of a corn State,

earlier by six or eight days, and gavean One of the best signs of the timesis but anybody can make 75 bushels of
Tomato Culture. increased yield of 25 per cent. rice the worth far
the increasing discussion rough to acre, more
by the
The Florida Experiment Station has LEGGY, OR DRAWN .PLANTS, than that number of bushels of oats
issued a very valuable bulletin on The as a rule, do not amount to much.I State press of economic themes where for horse feed. I guess that without
Tomato and Some of Its Diseases, When they are planted in the field politics formerly usurped all their figuring much that Florida spends all
which was written by Professor P. H. much valuable time is lost in setting spare columns. The hard times may of her income from the soil in buyingthe
Rolfs, the Biologist of the Station and in waiting for their recovery. If redound to the good of Florida in the products of the soil which we
staff. At present we quote only a few these must be set out it has been end. The Manatee County Advocate can and ought to produce in additionto
paragraphs which are of timely practical found better to make a deep hole, and presents the following from one of the our oranges, vegetables and cotton.
value: set in an upright position, or as near foremost citizens of that section: The time has been when bacon
TREATMENT BEFORE SETTING OUT. upright as possible, and not leave so You asked why should not the could not be made here co.Timercially,
In parts of the State where there is much top that it cannot stand up farmers of this county, by high manur- on account of the climate, but that is
no danger of frosts the plants need not well. ing and careful cultivation, strive to past. Ice can now be obtained and
be set out until they are almost large SETTING OUT. raise larger and very large crops of pork packing could be carried on at
enough to bloom. The seed shouldbe By the process of transplanting sev- sweet potatoes? You spoke of 300 or or near Tampa. If there was a mar-
sown in seed beds where they have eral times the plants are made stocky. i 400 bushels to the acre. ket there or on the waters near by for
plenty of sun and can be protected This gives an advantage also when it Of course manuring costs money hogs, then it would pay to raise great
during a cold spell. Plenty of room comes to setting out in the field. The and labor and always both. High' crops of sweet potatoes. In the
should be given, so the seedlings will fibrous roots, in place of being long (intensified is the modern phrase) ma. northern and northwestern sections of
not grow spindly. This precaution is and stringy, are short, stout and mat nuring costs a good deal of both. The the country the pigs are dropped in
rarely ever carried out. As soon as ted together. The condition of the sweet potato responds quickly to ma- February or March or April. After
the plants "cover the ground" in the stem is a fair index of what the roots nure, but for large crops where is their birth they are made to increasein
drill of the seed bed they should be are; if there is a long sickly stem, you your market? weight till 160 or 200 days there-
transplanted to a plant bed; here the are quite sure that there is not a A farmer with little expense ol after they are killed weighing as many
rows should be six inches apart and healthy, heavy mat of roots. A money gets 150 bushels to the acre; pounds as they are days old. It is
the plants four or five inches in the heavy bunch of roots carries consider by adding to the expense say he gets not done by letting them "root hogor
row. As soon as they "cover the able dirt with it; enough often to sup- 350 bushels; where will he sell the die" after the fashion of Florida.Oh .
ground" again transplant again. Do port the plant until new roots are crop and get his money back ? You no, they are fed. They are fed
not simply remove every other plant formed, and there will be scarcely any cannot ship sweet potatoes North. milk and clover, small potatoes, soft
and leave half not transplanted; the shock to the plant from transplanting The voyage is too long and before corn and finished off with hard corn.
transplanting is what does the good. I There are a number of ways for they get into the consumer's hands We should feed cow peas instead of
This may be objected to as makingtoo : planting. Many use the "peg and they have undergone that chemical clover; crab grass, sweet potato vines
much wo"k. Let us see whetherit bucket" style. Every tomato grower change which all sweet potatoes un and finish with sweet potatoes. I
pays. Professor L. H. Bailey, of knows exactly what it means to have a dergo-the starch being changed into have killed pigs so fed in the winter
Cornell University, has tested this for lame back. Help for this kind of glucose or grape sugar when kept too that weighed 125 pounds and 25
several years, and finds that in 1891 work is often scarce and many times long; the potato becomes soft; and to pounds of their weight lard; they were
the (date of the first picking was nine- cannot be had. When a person plants many unpleasantly sweet. I have read too fat bccause too small a breed.
teen days earlier, and, on the whole, and waters an acre in a day he does commission merchants'remarks on this Now, Mr. Editor, this will pay.
the crop was decidedly heavier.A enough, if it is done well. subject, and I have heard it from their We must get good breeds of hogs.
similar test was made at the MACHINE FOR TRANSPLANTING. mouths. We must have a "no fence" law so
Georgia Experiment Station by Prof. Several machines have been invented \- Now, as I have asked the questions, that the temptation to starve the
Speth. The seed was sown in hot- to overcome this "back-breaking" I will endeavor to answer them. The hog will be diminished. I don'tsee
beds. When the plants became operation. A machine similar to the answer is, convert them into meat. why the ice cannot be broughtto
crowded one portion of the hotbedwas one figured on the opposite page has Unquestionably Florida is to day the Manatee and a packing house
thinned until the plants were Jour been used at Lake City by the tobacco poorest (in money) of any State in the started there.
inches apart; another portion of the growers. It is, however, equally well Union, and she always will be, so longas -. .
plants was transplanted to the same adapted for setting out tomatoes, egg- it takes the entire income of the We had the pleasure of eating some
distance. When the plants became ; plants, cabbage, sweet potatoes, or State to buy the food of the human black Baurfasatle figs grown by Mr.
crowded again, the portion transplanted any other vegetable. There is a decided and quadruped animal of the State. W. J. Nesbitt Coral Beach.: To say
before was again transplanted, and advantage in using the machineover We can produce as good pork and that they were delicious is unnecessary.
the other thinned out, so as to give the "peg and bucket." bacon and lard as any section of These figs were grown on two-year.old
them exactly the same distance. In .. America. We actually allow the crab trees, and demonstrate beyond any
the hot-beds the culture and fertilizerwere Many Persons are broken grass, which will make a ton of the doubt that this is another" one of the
exactly the same. Both sets of down Brown's from overwork Iron Bitters or household Rebuilds cares.the very best. hay to the acre: to go to many fruits that can be grown here

plants were planted:,out ,at the same system aids digestion. ,removes excesa of blifc waste year after year after it is grown with .success and profit.TitusvilJc: .
time and treated alike in the field. &D4 cmea: "a' PlL Get the. genuine and ready for the scythe. Star. *. '


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,,' Tobacco CUlture.-No..II.. as the fertilizers determine to some usual use of corn as food. Years ago
; RAISING THE PLANTS. extent the color and texture of the leaf. Poultry we were of the same opinion as Mr.

The effect produced by planting -,...,.. Boyer and other corn enemies, but .
The first operation necessary in ,tobacco too near the sea is injury to Edited by E.W.AMSDEN Ormond Fla. practical experience and observationhas
starting tobacco growing is the mak-- the leaf, which is apt to be thick and ..... - cured us. We now believe more
ing of a seed-bed for raising the unfit for a cigar wrapper. In some How to Kill a Fowl. thoroughly in corn feeding 'than ever,

plants. A warm sheltered position countries, however, notably Cuba, the Before being killed a fowl should but as an exclusive food would not
should be selected for this. It is a leaf grown near salt water is equal in have fasted at least ten or twelve endorse it except under certain condi

common plan to burn a pile of brush color and texture to any grown in the hours. A strong cord should then tions. Perhaps Uncle Mike has not

wood on the land selected for raisingthe interior. be hung from a rafter, or limb of a read the interesting experiments madeat

plants to supply potash, and at Generally the plant obtains its finest tree, with a slip knot at the end to be the New York Experiment Station,
the same time destroying the seeds of form and quality of leaf on lands bor made last to both legs of the chickenat otherwise he would not be so hasty in

weeds or the eggs of insects.A dering the largest rivers. This is true such a height that the head will condemning corn. The experiments

more recent plan- of raising the of the tobacco lands of Connecticut, lie nicely in the left hand. Tie up proved that corn was the food that

plants is under a covering of cheese Kentucky, Virginia and North Caro the chicken with this cord, and then, produced the most eggs.
, cloth in a hotbed. The area of the lina, as well as of those in the islands holding a sharp pen-knife in the right .

seed bed will of course depend upon i of Cuba and San Domingo; but some hand, the beak of the fowl should be Neglecting to supply pure fresh
the extent of the proposed cultiva- of the finest tobacco grown in the opened with the first and second water will often be the cause of hens

tion, and as usually about one square United States is grown in countries fingers of the left hand and be so not laying well. Stale bread moistened -
. inch in space is allowed to each young some distance from large rivers. held, and with the knife then cut inside with sweet milk is recommendedvery

plant in the seedbed, it will require a When possible, select the kind of the mouth of the fowl on both highly as good feed for young

seedbed of thirty-six square feet, say soil for tobacco that will produce the sides of the upper part of the cheeks; chickens the first few days. When a

,nine by four feet, to supply color and texture desired. For Con- then, with a quick upward movement week old they may be fed on cracked
plants for an acre planted at equal necticut seed leaf a light moist loamis of the knife, pierce the brain. This grain scalded. When cld enough to

distances of three feet apart. An the best soil. For the bright tobaccos will completely benumb the bird and swallow grain give them plenty of it. .

ounce contains enough to plant from such as are raised in Virginia, the blood will flow freely. Whilst The large percentage of lime- and
six to seven acres, but as it has not'high a North Carolina and Maryland, the thus benumbed the feathers loosen, phosphoric acid in clover renders it,

percentage of vitality it is usualto soil should be light and friable, or and can be picked with ease, thus most of all the vegetable kingdom,
sow at the rate of half an ounce :what is commonly called a sandy causing little or no pain to the fowl, accessible and cheap egg food. It

for an acre. The bed ought to be loam, not too flat, but of rolling, and much less work to the picker. contains also sulphur and salt; and,
covered with a covering of cheese undulating surface not likely to over- The object in having the fowl tied combined with fresh meat scraps, all
cloth, or fine brush, or short leaf pine flow in excessive rains. New clearedin "heels up" is to allow it to bleed the ingredients necessary to the pro-

straw. This not only protects the these last named States is considered freely, for on this the whiteness of the duction of eggs are furnished. And

plants from the cold, sudden freezes, better than long cultivated soils. meat depends. In warm weather the such food is readily digested by
which are common in the early springin In Cuba the planters select the red fowl should be plunged into cold fowls.-The Australian.

this latitude about the time germination soil as the best for fine tobacco. water after picking. This makes the -... ..- '

commences, but checks too Some planters, however, prefer a soil body plump, and adds to its value for A poultry fancier explains the way
rapid evaporation from the earth, mixed of one-fourth sand and one halfto market. This is the right way to killa in which he managed most effectually

keeping the surface moist. When the three fourths of decayed vegetable fowl, and if one so killed be compared to dust his fowls with insect powder.He .

young plants first appear above the surface matter. with one treated in the wrong says : "I took each bird by the

they are tender; they require frequent SANDY SOIL FOR CIGAR TOBACCO. way you will readily see the great feet and let their heads hang down;
, watering of weak liquid manure difference, both in looks and con- this opened the feathers. I took a tin
and American
Both the Cuban
and top dressing with fertilizers. All dition. Nine out of ten people
every box with small holes in the lid and
in that
weeds must be carefully removed and planters concur asserting a "chop off" the head, and throw the dusted their feathers well. By their
the flea beetles which often destroy all large quantity of silicious matter in
miserable creature on the ground to feathers the
being powder went
soils is essential! for the of open
the young plants in a few days must growth good twist and struggle in its death
agony. down to the skin and penetrated the
rich loams
be watched for and insect remedies cigar tobacco. The clay This may be a pleasant sight to some, feathers well, and is sure death to all
River in
applied. In from five to six weeks on the banks of the James but to me it is an inhuman and unsightly the lice.on them. If the first trial

the plants will be ready for transplanting. Virginia do not grow the highest fertile one.-B. A. Fox in Southern does not kill all of them in a week or
price tobacco, while the less
silicious soils of other sections will Planter. ten days, dust them again, and you
will get those that have been hatchedout
tobacco of superior qualityfor
Land on which it is intended to produce The Incubator and the Brooder. since the first were killed.-Farm-
grow tobacco should be well plowed; chewing and smoking. The advantages supposed to be er's Review.
will not in the cal.
high grade
on compact soils the plowing should be grow gained by the use of an incubator are
regions. A better soil is one
deep. An intelligent rotation of crops careous summarized thus by a writer in the
that the founda-
rests upon primary POPULAR POULTRY FARM.o
carried out with an intelligent knowl- tion.Alabama Bulletin. Poultry Keeper: .
edge of the needs of the tobacco crop I. Ten times more eggs can be
will be the aim of the practical farmer. hatched by one machine in the same P EGGS FROM THOROUGHBRED .
Before transplanting the young plants Saltpeter as a Fertilizer. length of time, requiring no more f
from the seed bed the land should be Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: attention than the hen. U Indian Games.L .

ridged, the distance between the Will you please let me know the 2. It is an easier and more agreea L
ridges depending on the kind of to analysis of nitrate of potash, and if ble job to turn the eggs and fill the Black Minorcas,

bacco to be planted-the larger kinds you don't consider for it a more valuable than nitrate lamp, daily, of an incubator, than it R S. C. W. Leghorns,
application early spring
requiring more room than the smaller. is to lift a cross and fussy hen from .
of soda? Also what usual
leaved and tall sorts; but they shouldbe the nest, feed her and watch that she P_ Black Langshans.
is and if the
far enough apart to allow a free price per same return to duty at the proper time. R .
amount of it as of nitrate of soda can My Yards Contain Prize Birds Bought
passage between the rows of plants 3. An incubator will not trample on I
without injuring the plants. Generally be used. Is it in A. finely KLEINOSCHEG.powderedstate and break the eggs, as is nearly al C' from Leading Breeders.

from three to three and a half Sarasota? Fla. ways the case, more: or less, with a S. S. DE LANOY,
feet apart between the rows, and the The average analysis of nitrate of sitting hen. E Fla.
the will be suffi I o <- S Apopka,
same between plants potash, as given by the Massachusetts
I cient. Where the surface is level the station, is 13.09 nitrogen, 45.16 pot M K. Boyer, in the Germantown
plow may be run lightly over the field ash. Nitrate of soda gives 15.70 Telegraph, still lingers on the "corn World's' Fair Highest Awards
angles thus forming small He objects to our state -
at right nitrogen, 35.50 soda. qnestion. Medal and Diploma
hills on which the plants are planted. Refined nitrate of potash (saltpeter) ment that corn is one of the best egg on BROOD our INCUBATOR:R Combined.and]

CHOICE OF SOIL. costs ten cents a pound and is in foods we have, and cites Mr. Hun. Old r.
of the plant in Virginiaare lumps which would have to be groundor ter's experience to prove his position I lIt 1"1ft R liable H wflldp
The growers y y" 4 te- .cwt
particular in the selection of dissolved if used as fertilizer. correct. We have no desire to ques I.7tl"C".Poultry" .*wla C1 C1In.,ami.M. Addrtu point* _
soil very for the plant. The lands which Whether you could get it in an unre- tion Mr. Hunter's, results, for we Reliaole Incubator and Brooder Co. Qulncy.. 111m .
find best adapted are the light fined form cheap enough to be usedas know that he is a judicious feeder and

red they chocolate colored lands and a fertilizer we cannot say. It is not careful poultryman, but "one swallow INCUBATORS&BROODERSBrooders
or The select in Jacksonville. Write to the does net make a summer." Tell all onlj$5. Bert and cheapest
the richest low grounds. : ;chicks; 40 and premiums| 8jDU,
of soil will depend upon the color Mapes Company, 143 Liberty street, others who have succeeded in getting teetimoniab.end tor ctUlogM.
tion large egg products by the almost un_ O.$.SINGER, Box H3CtrtiIflgfoaa
'of: leaf in demand, as the soil as well! New York. -

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$tate News. Our Ullal :florae. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers marketing Florida Fruit to the
The homestead of
contest case J.
St. Thomas. Fla.Home best ad\"antage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL. $300.000.BOX ( .
B. Wells vs. Guy I. Metcalf, con _, MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper oa
-> -X > -s --""">-- -s > order. Write for price list and terms.
sumed seven and one dalf days before Decoration in Florida. -:OFFICERS :-

Judge A. E. Heyser as Commissioner, For twining around GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
and has to be heard again before the over door-ways, ALBERT M. IVES,Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
pictures, any and everywhere a wreathor JHBECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.G.Hill, Bradford o.; Dr. E. E.ratt
United States Land Office at Gaines Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher, Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf Duval Co.;
green spray is wanted, nothing is B. M. Baer. Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard Co.; F. Sampson, Marion Co.; C.V. H1llyer.
ville. Evidently an editor is hard to more graceful or more convenient than Marion Co.; John M. Bryan" Osceola Co.; W. E.: Stanton Putnam Co.; M. S.Moreman St.
down. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby Volusia Co.; Bent-Dowd, Lake Co.
the glossy-leaved evergreen honey- Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils,
According to an item in the Titus- suckle (Lonicera_ Hallianaj, commonly with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.

ville Star, Eau Gallic is well suppliedwith called the "French." No stringsare .

milk from a nearby dairy. When required, and it festoons itself, if NURSERIES OP THE
cows can live and give milk so far loosely carried across a wall, fastened

down the Indian river, it gives us here and there with a small lack. Two Milwaukee Florida Orange Bo.

strong hopes of that country. Evi- or three vines may be lightly twisted

dently the mosquitoes are not as bad at together, or a single long spray used Selected strains of Choicest Varieties ol Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Budding-Wood for sale at all times.Our
Eau Gallie as they might be. Cows with good effect, looped over a bracket stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For .
sensitive these and Catalogue and Price-List, address
are pretty to pests or picture. This honeysuckle

calves are particularly liable to injury. Blooms nearly all winter, though just A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.

The cowboys of South Florida relate now (in January) blossoms are not

that when a young calf gets strayed plentitul, and i is peculiarly adaptedfor The Deer Island Nu.rseries.Office .
from its dam and loses the bene-
away house decoration, when their at Oakland Orange Co., Fla.A .
ficent activity of her tail, it is frequently sprays are tipped with fragrant white FULL LINE OF

killed by the mosquitoes.Capt. Blossoms that with breeze
sway every ,
A. P. Roberts, of Orange or with their clusters of dark waxen CITRUS AND OTHER FRUIT TREES,

Bend, was a pleasant caller at this berries. Ornamental Plants, &c., at prices to suit the times. Write for quotations on anything -
office late last week. He is one of On the mantel or other shelf vases f you want.Orange.
be filled with water or wet sand
our orange growers who have established may ,
a special trade for special brandsof and the ends of the stems be hidden

oranges. This has been done by among bouquets of flowers. In this Trees !

intelligently grading, sizing and'pack way they will keep green and fresh

ing. When fruit is scarce it may be for several weeks, of ten taking root

thrown into the boxes in a slipshod and growing. The water should be Lemon Trees I

manner and bring fairly good prices, renewed as it evaporates. But they

but by assiduous attention to businessto will remain green and pretty a long r. .
obtain fair prices on time when no water is used.
a depressed
market is the point of excellence to Sprays of Malayan Jessamine, with The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.

strive for. The Captain informed us their starry white blossoms, are also

that he had refused $1.50 f. o. b. and very effective, but wither sooner than _

that the last car sold for him brought the honeysuckle. They are, however, I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all thestandard va-

$2.50, $2.75 and $3.00 per box.-- too light and graceful to be ignored. rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from five

Leesburg Commercial. Green vines are, in my opinion, to be to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at

I prefered to Spanish moss (Tillandsia hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.
During the past ten days over 100
Usneoides, it has several other com- -
horses and mules have been broughtto mon names, I believe,) that is said to Write for prices. N:. E. GILLETT, Prop.,

Palatka for sale, the majority of be extensively employed in decorat- Weirsdale Fla.
which come from the extreme West-
but which funereal
ing rooms, gives a
from the unsettled plains and canons aspect instead of the festive one iJiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiniiininiinmniiniiiiiiniHiiiniiiiiiiiii" '" ' iiiiiiii!G

that butt against the Rockies. The which we try to obtain for our Christmas They can always be depended on to

purchase of this stock by our farmers Easter, or other holidays.I WoodsSeeds I produce the finest Vegetables and
and stock in few Flowers and successful Farm crops.Tested .
men, may a years have never been able to make
transfer the horse and mule raising ornamental of this r '
anything moss, not
business from the West to Florida. Wood's Seed Book
basket I
even a hanging though some and rue.
Already stock men are here from the times utilize it to hide the outside of
West, and are quietly prospecting for old tubs or buckets in which houseplants iTllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll( /IllllIllHf? tells you when to plant, how to culti-
vate,and all about the best Seeds, together with much valuable information about
for this Thereis
ranges purpose. grow. Even there it is scarcely profitable crops, both for the Garden and Farm. Mailed ree. Write for It.
no question about the success of
desirable, unless there is a wealth The Lnrsest Seedsmen Richmond Va.
this undertaking in Florida, and the I Seed Ilouse in ttt' C ooth. ,
f brilliant bloom vivid .
of or foliage.I
only wonder is that it has not attract- know of a very pretty home wed-

ed greater attention before now.- ding, late last fall, where the parlorwas Better than

Palatka Herald.C. decorated with great spikes of Ever for Is Different from Others.

G. Frash, a New York wine golden rod, quite original in arrange 1894. On, It Is Intended to aid the planter in selecting the Seeds
.man, is at St. Augustine for a winter ment, and much admired. Our new best adapted for his needs and conditions and In getting
from them the best possible results. It is not,therefore,highly
sojourn. Mr. Frash is a vineyardistand comers from the bleak New Englandhills colored in either sense; and we have taken great care that
nothing worthless be put In,or nothing worthy be left out. We
winemaker by birth and a life associating it with their old Invite trial of our Seeds. \Ve know them because we grow them. ,
doubt think flower that Every planter of Vegetables or Flowers ought to know about oar
long experience. He was born and homes, no no three warrants; our cash discounts; and our gift of agricultural
raised among the vineyards of Ger blooms equals it in beauty. Here it papers to purchasers of oar Seeds. All of these are explained in
the Catalogue, a copy of which can be yours for the asking.
many. He claims to be the man who is simply magnificent, growing ten, P.caewarea fsaa. J. J. H. GREGORY & SON, Marblehead,Masse
planted the first vines in the Fresno twelve feet and upwards, each spread- -

California and has had ing branch laden with thick panicles WITH STANLEY'S
oppor- HANG
AGENTS.$50 to $100w i: Corrugated steel! Hinges..
tunity for observing the grape industry ot golden blossoms. I have noticed Seeded They are Stronger,Handsomer
teller known.
Ladle or lieuu.Best -
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, but two varieties, one of them mightbe Y the ate year ery round.boose place"Home"of business Eleetrie or BotoirunsallUndsonightmachiDery. fani: YOUR style.and cost For no sale more by than Hardware the old

and yet he declared a year or two ago more appropriately called golden .Cbeapestpoweton.anh. Dealers generally.-bnt U not InDOOR
Connected instantly your vicinity write the Manu
that nowhere on earth had he seen brush, fully as beautiful as the other, wash or sewing machine, com sheller, facturers. Send for Biography
Vi =i ,fans,lathes.Jewelers or dentist'machinery
vines grow more vigorously or with but not growing so tall.I pumps ,4o. Clean noiseless,lasu of a Yankee Hlnge"mailedfree.
a life-time No experience needed. T<
more promise than among the vine- was much interested last fall in -- how in operation means a sale. Gnar-
____ante yards of White Niagara grapes in the description given in the Agricul- W.1*.1IAIUUSON...kCO..X-T.c.l..o.l
Southern Florida. Mr. Frash hasp turist of several other varieties, by a THE STANLEY WOES, New Britain,Ct.LIGATST .

; succeeded in making .a very fine writer of Lake Helen. There are +,' Bf.ilK-.BIBr.: t'--ler W"nl', rWELLHACHINERYtat
also varieties of white flowers & stated. Poland CUns. J
. champagne from Florida oranges, and two PIGS. J Jerset Guernsey and : AH kin.18' of tool.-. Fort une for the driller by u lnar *o*
has thus discovered a use for wind- corresponding (so far as my observa- .HoUtcin. Fancy Cattle.: Pooitr 1 harougtbredfineep. ). Hunting Adamnntineproceascantake Artesian Pumplnlr; RIll!"'tn Perfected"RtMl Economical Air.-*-
:- vation with the in the and BOOM Docs. Catalogue.Tille. .- Let us help mn. 'TJlEA1IEKIOAN WELLIIOEIU,
fallscreased and thorned fruit. goes) Solidago a. \v7bttITH, .Cheater ty;..ea-. Aurora, *".. CWuge, IILJ, IJalJaa, TeL J I


':I"L- ...;.;.,....__.. ... -....... r "-> '- "' """" '-'. : .-. ., .--# n -' ':" F 4

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appearance of bloom and foliage we owe to a bachelor friend who
except in color. But I have been able had been here a couple of years and Acme Hotel BENTON & UPSONIRRIGATING

to identify but one-S. bi color-by so got used to the way of cooking. European ,

reference to ray old botany. Th y Some of our pleasantest recollections No. Ill, w: Bay St., Jacksonville Plan. Fla ACISOrlVlhhE, FhA.,

I! abound, both white and yellow in old are of the fish frys. There were Reopened with finely furnished apart- .

: fields, and uncultivated corners of the several horses purchased by our neighbors ments, with clean, nice beds 50c to $1

orange groves, and blossom profusely during the winter. The men per day each person. Good dining room
for about half the Though would in same block with moderate prices.R. .
year. so start to the river early so as to
showy, they seem to be too commonto have the fish ready for our coming, L. CHADWICK.FENCING. MACHINERY

attract the attention they deserve.A and the women would ride. Whenwe ,

Florida home is hardly furnished appeared on the scene a good fire III BOTH

unless there are vases, jars or glasses would be built, coffee boiled, fish sSj WIRE ROPE SELVAGE Steam and Horse Power.
of flowers about the room, and these fried, and sometimes a chowder made, '

varieties of Solidago bloom very opportunely and sometimes a savory dish ot cab Z'::<
for the fall decoration. For bage palmetto, either cooked or ", ?'
Easter, there is an abundant supplyof chopped as told slaw. The cloth Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

flowers, for several kinds of lilies would be spread, and huge piles of Valve, Hose, Etc.
are then in all their glory, unless fish would disappear as if by magic, -+

when an untimely frost finds its way besides all the goodies that had come : POULTRYGNDRABBITtNETTINGFencing. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

from "lands of snow" into our sunny in the baskets. A pleasant hour or down. Gteo. S. Hacker & Son
Prices Freigbtpaid. Catal'g.Tte.UcMullen ,
clime. The coral honeysuckle may two would be spent with cheerful Woven Wire Fence Co.,Chicago.* MANUFACTURERS OF

now be entwined with the evergreenin talk, a row on the river, when all

a very successful manner and lilies would seek their homes, the men .. t CD
.c -
occupy the vases. with a string of fish over their shoulders iOS S -

MINNIE G. MILLS. for the next day's dinner; all hap- rJJ It\i1\ Fer gg -
pier having spent an idle day- 1 v

Florida Reminiscences, No. 2. if walking three miles and back, to How to get the best and uc
how to grow them dN s
For our Rural Home:. i say nothing of the fishing and rowing, cessfully-that's the text ( ,
We-that is my father-built before could be considered being idle. of our new 11 11JIF. C03

we came, a good pioneer house, We had been here but about a year Guide Rose Culture I-o >--.

with matched floor, the first matched when the first wedding was celebrated, to forlSJH.get the It famous tens you D.&C.bow o

floor laid in the place, having to have the young people turning out en masse, gives Hoses the on their very own latest roots and: o -. CQ 0
the lumber hauled four or five miles. and under the vine two hearts were best I nfonnatlon for the v
culture of all kinds of
Four generations of us lived togetherfor made to beat as one, two lives were flowers. Wee11d It free toanyone.togetberwfth And Building Material.CHARLESTON .
a sample copy of our interesting floral Magazlaa
about a year, one of our number intertwined for weal or woe. Someof "l UCCESSVITH FLOWERS/*

going to the great beyond, and one the young people got to be quite THE DINGEE & COWARD'CO. S. C.

coming to us from the great unknown, expert in giving the cow whoop, and Moss 6t'owa'and& damah We tGroveife

during that time. In the course of a early in the evening you could hear FraudnuRsFruitWrappers.;

few months we purchased a horse, first one whoop then some one answer _

and with a real Northern wagon, with- from another direction; for they had a The NO MORE CHEATING.

out a box, we made many pleasant code of signals, and often rallied for second sower chance.has no If
excursions. But we thought nothingof an impromptu party by their calls to you would at first suc- Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
ceed be sure and start with now,know that they pet an honest ream
a walk of two miles to visit a neighbor one another. of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto

;: and in the evening you could see S.-- -AT.'-- -A- FERRY'SSEEDSa ream as some unscrupulous dealers
the pleasant fire from some neighbor's 4 supply.

stumps, and if you did not walk over STATE OF Onto, CITY OF TOLEDO, ?t OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed
and enjoy a chat with him yourself, LUCAS COUNTY, J 88. Ferry's Seed Annual for ISM
contains the sum and substanceof Wrappers are put up in packagesof
r you knew full well some one else had. FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that edge.the latest farming knowl- 1000 each, and each Wrapper is
Every planter should
We often sat on the veranda and lis he is the senior partner of the firm of have it. Sent free. numbered, in printing, consecutively
tened to the melodious chant of the F. D.M.Ferry&Co., from 1 to 1000. No one can
J. doing businessin Detroit,
colored man as he tended the fires in
the City of Toledo, county and Mich. HONESTLY BEATour
the clearings; for in those days the
State aforesaid and that said firm will
prices. Send for samples and prices
logs were of going
pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED toTHE
to the saw-mill as now. DOLLARS for each and every case of JERSEY
1 We, like most Northern farmers, catarrh that cannot be cured by the 7SPgAY4 ,

thought we could not get along without I use of HALL'S CATARRH CURE. JERSEY CITY, N. J.

a cow, and so we proceeded to invest FRANK J. CHENEY. R sj N. B.-We do not deal in unprinted
3 in one which was to give a "right Sworn to before me and subscribed : yoU R wrappers.

smart of milk." According to direc in my presence, this fifth day of De- a j to I WM. B. SCHRAEDER,

1 tions we proceeded to have a pen of cember, 1886. &A RStahl" BREEDER OF

rails built, and in due course of timea ,-.A-.

little brindle cow, with a diminutivecalf 5 A. W. GLEASON, Double Act ing GRADE JERSEYS.Bulls
at her side, was brought and duly { SEAL } Notary Public.Hall's ine Excelsior Outfits Spray prevent- sr, .

installed in the pen, the cow on the '-v--J Fruit.Leaf Blight Insures 4 Wormy a heavy,' Cows and Heifers for sale.

inside and the calf outside We were Catarrh Cure is taken internally yield of all crops.Fruit Thousands anaBVegetablo WAVERLY FARM, Leon County, near

t told she did not know anything about, and acts directly on the blood '! A _. catalogue in use.and Send full 6 treatise eta for Tallahassee, Fla,

eating, and she must be starved until and mucous surfaces of the system. I on spraying. Circulars jrtt. BATTERSON & CO.

she would eat.Vell, when we had Send for testimonials, free. \ WM.STAHLQuincylll.Nerve .\ IMPORTANT NOTICE TO ORANGE SHTP-
1 PERS shipping to Buffalo. N. Y.,one of the
about concluded she would do like F. J. CHENEY & Co, Toledo, O. unsurpassed! markets of United States remember
the Irishman's horse she did eat. the Old Responsible, Reliable and Prompt
>:m..Sold by druggists .
Blood Commission! Merchants who advance liberally
Now this little cow, like most J and dont sell at auction but direct to retail trade
for all is in them. Batterson &Co., 167-169 ScottSt.
Florida cows, objected to a man's Dr. Seeger's Banana Salad. Tonic Builder ., Buffalo. N.Established 1868-25 years experience.
milking, but in this case the woman _
One pineapple six bananas, six sour oranges -
was not equal to the emergency, and one lemon. Pare the pineappleand I In the County .Junjre' Court, Duval
the milking devolved on this one man. shred it in small pieces with a fork. County.
By the County Judge of said County:
If the cow was good natured he Slice the bananas and then pull the or- Whereas, George A.Lewis applied to this Court
milked his anges to pieces and seed them. Whenall for Letters of Administration on the Iistateof
pint, not he made quick I is prepared then put into a dish a layer Paulado Travis, deceased, late of said County of
time over the fence and the calf did Duval. ,
1< 'of pineapple, then a layer: of bananas, 4 These are. therefore,to cite and admonish all
the milking. But in a short time she then oranges, and so on until yourdish is despttre and singular the kindred pnd creditors of said
was given her time, and for aught I full,sprinkling: each layer in turn with fine pamphlet. deceased to be and appear before this Court on or
..... before the aoth day of February A.D. 1894, and
know roams the flatwoods to-day. sugar. Then over all squeeze the juice of .1 Dr. WILLIAMS'r file objections if any they the granting
the lemon. Garnish with the leaves of / letter-sas aforesaid, otherwise the same will be
of our ,
greatest privations was pineapple. This salad should be made 50c granted as prayed.
learning to cook without milk and per box Schenectady, N.Y.andBrockYille.Ont Witness my name as County Judge of the
several hpurs before using and allowed tocool. 6 for S2.50. County aforesaid, this Sth day of January, JF 94-
using baking powder. Many! a., hint\. .' .j. .... [Seal.]aseit W. H.BAXKK, County- Judge"

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," 8. POWERS.........................Editor. Advertisements and Heading Mat Professor Rolfs has drawn freely on Nothing could be fairer if it was
P. O. Address, Lawtey, Fla. ter. the labors of other investigators in the possible to have such an arbitrationthat
One of our subscribers complainsthat same field, but always with full credit would be conclusive and final,
. A. H. DIANVILLE.StalT Contributor. we allow the advertisements to given. These outside contributionsto with plenary power to enforce its de

encroach so much on the reading mat- knowledge he has enlarged and en- crees. But, unfortunately, it is not

CONTENTS. ter that the paper is not worth bind riched by his own work with the possible.The .

and the visiting trouble with the farmerandit
T.AJIP01tTATtOAlr and Ice Ventilation ing.If microscope sprayer,
oil Fruit Steamers ..... 67 we had the imposing roll of subscribers remote tomato plantations in various is a trouble as old as the world and

GROVE AND.ORCHARD-Among the Nurseries 6E!: claimed by some of our great parts of the State to investigate partic- which will be removed, if ever, only

: Mineral Manures for Trees!; Palmetto Again; contemporaries we could afford to ular phases of tomato diseases, etc. by "the casual crumbling of time"-
The Seminole Guava Cannery; The crowd all our advertisers into one The professor's diction is charac- is that he is too independent. From
of 69
FARMER Wastes AND TRUCKER-Tomato Culture; I space together, so densely packedthat : terized by a quaint and racy simplicity the day when he first strikes a plow
t Sweet Potatoes and Bacon .. .. ....... ?o nobody would pay any attentionto which is very attractive to the into the stubborn soil until he yieldshis
Tobacco Culture; Saltpeter as a Fertilizer... 71 them. As it is we cannot do it. average reader. The chapter on the last breath, he is engaged in a hard
POULTRY-How to kill a Fowl); The Incubator i The Ohio Farmer with its
and the Brooder 70,000 Enemies of the Tomato is a case in and unequal struggle with a pitiless
OUR KCRAL HOME-Home Decoration inFlorida. 72T' subscribers (before the hard times), point; the paragraphs on the toad enemy-the Earth-which resists all
prints reading matter and advertisements which the is of thetomato's his
( by way, one by every means,
Florida Reminiscenc's; Banana Salad....... 7.; side side The
Growers' Convention by throughout. best friends) are delightful with frost and drought, with wind,
South Florida Fair; Echoes of the Fight; Rural New Yorker, the National reading. : hail and snow; which hardens its
Advertisements! and Reading Matter; Stockman, the Practical Farmer, the
Often condensesinto the seeds that he confid-
Work of the Experiment Station; The a single paragraph crust against
........... Prairie Farmer all do the same.
Farmers and the Corporations 74 a lucid statement whole pages of ingly entrusts to its keeping, rots
Fruit Exchange Bulletins.. ................ 7;SuctionCompanv's So does the veteran Southern Cultivator .
some of the heavy scientific treatisesof them with rain, devours them with in-
Jacksonville Fruit Bulletin ; so does that best rural repre- the Stations in older States. blasts with In
; Auction bales in Jacksonville; E. sects, the fruitage rust.
L. Goodbcll: on the Fruit Outlook..... 76 sentative of the Colossus of the South The work is thoroughly practical his with the
Our Public Schools........ .................. 77; west the Texas Farm and Ranch.So ; unintermitting struggle
its directions for seed selfreliance -
saving trans- forces of Nature, he learns
does the vivacious and business
Weather in Jacksonville. planting, cultivating, fertilizing, spray. for he has no other triend; but
like California Fruit Grower. ing, etc, are full and are evidently I the same habit which makes him a

E. a. V bO r::' 0.O Some few very able and respectedrural based on experience gained directly sturdy yeoman renders him refractory j

TE. d. M M aDc :.s"E.gDA : "" a journals, like the Country Gen from the soil. against that discipline and cohesion r
00 00 :; II!; ::: II!; :;. tleman and the American Cultivator,
We note extremely few solecisms,, which are needed to accomplish sub-
23...::::: ; S9 ;; 57 ;; 66 ;00; ; still preserve the antique makeup,, such as "either" for "any," "dirt"' stantial results with men and laws.
24 61 b8 75 S6 19 66 0.02 with all the solid and
ia'l 25....... .. 62 S2 64 52 U 58 0.26 reading matter instead of "earth," etc. Other er- On the other hand, the corporationsact
26.......... 46 44 47 t3 4 45 0.t'3 continuous from page to page. defective
rors are palpably due to as one man. Suppressing all private -
27.......... 37 47 54 36 18 45 T
28 ... .... 0.16 But the advertiser is a great forcein
Jan 45 54 67 40 27 54 proof reading. differences, "they speak with one
....... .... 60
Jan 29. 54- 56- 69- 50- -19 -1.12 the modern world. If all the read. This bulletin should be in the voice. They have that solidarity
Mean.... 52054.0,64.04'016.0568 ers of THE FARMER AND FRUIT
r.S9Total hands of every man in Florida who which, like desperate courage, "makesone
T-'.'race.rainfall. GROWER read carefully our advertise- raises a row of vegetables. For a majority." Against the scat-
E. R. DEMA.IN, Observer. ments and market reports, doubtless s copies, address President Oscar tered and discordant forces of the

._ many of them would have more moneyin Clute, Experiment Station, Lake farmers they present the unbroken
Growers' at the end of the The
Orange Convention. pocket year.
City, front of a regular army moving against
A large and enthusiastic meetingof reading matter tells how to grow the _... bands of guerillas.
the and lemon growers of the< fruit and vegetables; the advertise-
orange The Farmers and the Corporations Under these circumstances THE
State at Ocala, Hon. Robert Bullock, ments and market reports tell how to
FRUIT GROWER insists that the farmers -
The Pensacola News took
and market them. And up our
chairman, M. E. Gillett, secretary, transport need some powerful tribunal to
article the senatorial
doubtless a reader has found recent concerning
decided to call a general convention many
which make be-
this winter to his bitter cost that committee who were to meet in Jacksonville they can appeal to
of the growers at Ocala, February 6. tween themselves and the
there is more in the selling than thereis January 22d to hear the complaints corpora-
Distinguished talent will be present, "
tions "business like
and it is hoped that a general rally of in the growing.We discriminations.ot the shippers We stand as to correctedas railroad The corporations a and arrangement.the people are i

the growers will occur, for these are would gladly give our readers, the and the of
to the personal character of two of patricians plebeians
trying times. if we could, a whole volume to read
these who the News as- modern society. The wisest step that
bSI each week; but in this wideawakeworld gentlemen, ,
South Florida Fair. of to day the man who does not serts, are not junketers. It affirms Rome ever took toward the accom-
that "are entitled to the plishment of her great destiny was the
The FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER peruse the advertisements but keeps! they respect f
establishment of the tribunes as arbi-
acknowledges: the receipt of a compli his face screwed down between the and confidence of the people, and
mentary ticket to the South Florida tomato-rows or riveted to the pages of that "it is their duty to attend every ters between the two orders, and

Fair, Orlando, February 20-25,1894. reading matter will surely fall behind meeting of the committee," though it readers of history will not forget that
all these tribunes to be chosen
its conviction at an early were
We have previously given the main procession. -. t
from the lower order of the two.
features of the program of the Asso. ** stage in the article that "no good re-
Work of the Experiment Statien. sult will be secured." .
ciation, and express the earnest hope
that the citizens of the State, without Under the new regime the Florida Upon a full presentation of its viewswe The Indian River and Lake Worth

regard to section, will, wherever pos Experiment Station is demonstratingits find that THE FRUIT GROWER and pineapple growers, by a vote, author- I

sible, contribute by their presence reason for being, it is giving a sub- the Pensacola News are substantiallyin ized the Florida Fruit Exchange to

and exhibits to make this display a stantial quid pro quo for the people's accord as "to the wrongs of the draw on them for $100 to be used in

success. Let us have some event in money. First was Bulletin No. 20,, farmers," though our contemporarycannot enforcing the law as to the correct

Florida this winter as a foil and a setoff by Professor A. A. Persons, on Fer permit itself to make this statement stenciling of pines shipped out of this

to this coarse, disgusting prize tilizers, a lucid and popular presenta without the compensatory re- State. Last summer a good many
fight-something decent enough tc tion of an exceedingly important sub mark that "the farmers have often, schooner loads of pines were brought ;

be witnessed by women. ject for Florida growers. It demon- wronged the transportation compa- over from the Bahamas, landed at

strated clearly the supplementary relation nie:)" by "precipitating a war against Jacksonville and reshipped by rail

Echoes of the Fight. of home-made manures, com these companies, not of self-defense, from that city, bearing stencils as

Thousands of good people would! post, etc., to commercial fertilizers;; but of aggression and ruin to both." "Florida pines." The Florida growers -

have rejoiced to see Governor Mitchell and did it in such a way as to elicit, This has happened in other States but do not purpose to have this sort of \

put the troops in anyhow and prevent in our hearing, a high commendationfrom not in Florida, unless, indeed, the thing repeated another season.

the fight at all hazards. But probablyit one of the most prominent and act of legislating into existence a Railroad .

was best as it was. There was bad intelligent fertilizer dealers-a class Commission could be called "a For Weak Nerves.Use .

blood in the metropolis which was not usually supposed to be favorableto war of aggression." Horaford's Acid Phosphate. .I,

tending to a cancer; and it was betterto home-made fertilizers. The News admits that the farmers' It is particularly useful in making weak

allow it to gather than to keep Now comes Bulletin No. 21, The "complaints are just and the situationis nerves strong, as it contains mcessary
backingand poulticing. Now let the Tomato and Some of Its Diseases, by a burning shame," and proposes a elements of nutrition for the nervous :

legislature excise the roots of that Prof. P. H. Rolfs. Probably very settlement of them by "a fair and busi-- system, obtained from natural sources.

cancer. One of them, the Duval few readers have any adequate realization ness-like arrangement." By this we .

Athletic Club, is dead already. of the amount of patient, pains- suppose is meant a compromise or an Seven hundred carloads of furniturefor

taking and conscientious labor whose arbitration between= chosen representatives the Hotel Royal Poinciana are lying .

Ireland is 1,200 square miles larger results are modestly recorded in these of the growers and the compa- at Eau Gallic( waiting. for transpor ;

than Scotland. thirty-eight pages. mes. tation. ;

#"- "" < \
.4' .. ;" 1



11"r l- -,.": .. ,...,, .... >. ...... -
'...... ..UIo' "" --''':"""" "'4.' 1. :







--- .

lines was only 47,350 boxes, and the total w. c. WILL.. ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F.JONES.WILL&JONES .
]7ffaI ets. movement from the State is estimated at
105,000 boxes. The South Portland

--- cleared for Philadelphia Saturday morn-

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Feb. 2. ing with 6,200 boxes, and the Elihu ,
Thompson for New York Sunday with

These are average quotations. Extra choice 3,500 The boxes.Florida Fruit Exchange handled Wholesale Commission Merchants.
lots fetch prices above top quotations while poor
lots sell lower. 12,000 boxes.

Oranges ripe .. 1.25101.50 The Clyde Line steamers took out 15,.
.. drops............... ........ .75 to 1.00 000 boxes of 500 barrels of cot- We make a specialty of handling Florida Fruits and Vegetables in car lots.
Grape fruit,box ..... ..........1.50102.00 oranges, Headquarter Buffalo, N. Y., having agencies in Now York, Boston, Philadelphia,
Grapefruit, bbl................. .... 2.50103.00 tonseed oil], 350 bales of cotton and 500- Chicago. Pittsburg and distributing from Jacksonville, Fla. Reasonable advances
4 Tangerine..... .. .............. .....3.0010350 000 feet of lumber. made
Mandarins..... ... ... ........ ... 2.00 The steamer mention on good quality of fruit at Jacksonville.
Lemons,Fla., .... .... .............. 2.00 reports 1,648 Shipping instructions' and stencils forwarded on application.
.. Messina............ ......... 4.50 packages of vegetables. REFERENCE.-First National Bank, Jacksonville, Fla.; Bank of Commerce, Buf-
Malaga Grapes, kegs........... .... 5.50 falo N. Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's .
Pineapples crate wanted.... ....... 4.50 ;
Potatoes, New York................. 2.50 Fruit Exchange Bulletins. Correspondence solicited at Jacksonville.
lots .............. 2.35 WILL & JONES,
; Herons,seed............... 3.00 Jacksonville, Jan. 26.-Since.our last .
s I .. 5-bbl.lots ...... .... 3.00 issue prices have not improved but there 99 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Early..Rose.............. ... 3.00 has been no further decline. Shipments 58 and.60 West Market and 119 and 123 Michigan St., Buffalo.
5-bbl.lots 2.75
.. Chili Red. .. .................. 3.25 during the past week have fallen off con-
5-bbl. lots...... ........... 300 siderably and there is now a decidedly
Onions yellow bbl.................. .. 2.75 stronger feeling in markets generally,
red .......... ........:....... 2.75
Sweet potatoes bush................. .50 and we look for higher prices 'during the BROS.
Florida:cabbage; per 100....... 2.00 to 5.00 coming week. All advices indicate an BARNETT
Cauliflower Fla..each................ .5 to .12 advance and we shall be much disappointed BARNETT ,
Beets northern,per bbl.............. 2.50 -I
;. Turnips, northern ........... ..... .... 1.75 if our expectations are not real- -BROS.- 159 South Water St., Chicago
f Lettuce, doz.,.. ....................... .15
Carrots,per bbl...................... 2.50 ized.There is an active demand for Tangerines DEALERS IN FRUITS.We .
Parsnips .' ........... .......... 2.75 FRUITS
Squash, crate......................... 1.25 prices ranging from 2.50 to 4.30 per respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables.We .
Celery................. ........... ... .30 to .40 box.Ve can safely advise shipments of nomRkiu
Eggplants, bbl...................... 2.00to4.00 this fruit now.Navels are ,:! a specinltyofORANGES
Tomatoes.............................. 2.00 to 2.50
Squashes bbl. ........... ... ......... 1.25101.50 are also doing well and supplyof ,
Cocoanuti... .......... ............. 4.50 good Navels is short of demand. In- .
Peanuts best brand...... ............. 004 to.05 ferior Navels will not sell as well as the and Invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.
Apples,New York bbl............... 4.50
Sweet Pepper peck.................. .75 average ordinary oranges. We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.
Grapes, basket. ................. .25 There does not seem to be much demand -
Guavas,3-peck box ................... i.oo for :Mandarin, and unless first- References, by permission :National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,
Okra,'peck ...................... .75 I class they will sell low. the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, :Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co.
Cucumbers English, each............ .10 .
Cowpeas,shelled peck.. ............. .50 TELEGRAMS.Our .
Green Beans crate.... .,...., .... 1.25101.50
Peas, bushel............... ... 2.00102.50 latest telegrams give sales, since
I New beets with tops,barrel crate....2.50 to 2.75 last report, as follows: .
Pumpkins, each....................... .05 to .15 Car sold at 1.45i to 2.23:> Sell Your at Home.If
to-day averaged Oranges
.. ..
., Parsley perd'Z. bunches ... ..... 15
Watercress per doz. bunches ... ..... .25 to .40 1.80. f .
Spinach, bushel................ ...... Sale to-day 7oc: to 2.00: Jiverage 1.30.
Carrots Fla., per doz.bunches......... .25 Navels 1.15 to 2.95. Tang Green onions, per doz. bunches........ .25 : You Cannot: :
New potatoes! crate ......... ..........2.00102.50 3.30 per box. Fruit sou del'; market
Pepper,hot.bushel.......... ......... 1.50 stronger; much lane fruit cfmiing.
sweet bushel................. 3.03 Sale boxes at.* 1.00 to 2.40 The Jacksonville fruit Auction\ ED.[
Sage well cured Ib..................... .25 to .5o to-day 1,200 ;
average 1.35. Tangerines, 3.20 to 4.30

POULTRY AND EGGS. per box, much of the fruit common qual- Offers the Quickest and Most Reliable Means of Dispos-

Hens........ -.-........................ 30 to .35 ity. Markets advancing.Sold .
Roosters............................ .25 to .30 three cars fruit to day. Large ing of Fruit.
Broilers........................... ..... .20 to.25 condition fair
Turkeys per pound,gross.... ....... .10 to .II proportion russets; ; averages -
.......... ........... 35 to .50 1.29, 1.41 and 1.51. Grape fruit
Geese................................. .50 3.00. Tangerines, 2.40 to 2.50. Demand When rnit cannot be sold here at a fair price, will forward to best Easternor
.. Eggs........ -_....:................ .J6 to .17 good.Today's. Western markets and sell at auction (only one commission) and make advancesof

GAME. sale 75c to 1.93; average 1.51. 50c to $1.00 per box, on good fruit here, as to general condition of markets.

Wild turkeys Ib...................... .13 to. .15 Car 9190 1.36. 2.70 Sale days :Monday, Wednesday and Friday; returns made on day of sale.
Wild ducks, each ............ .......... .15 to";J s averaged Tangerines and information address
Rabbits, each ......................... .10 to .20 to 3.60 per box. Mandarins 1.80 to 2.40 For stencils
Quail good demand, each...... ...... .10 to .12 per box.
Squirrels .............................. .06 to .10 Auction sale averaged 2.75 Thos. $ Totans, m'g'tr.
: Doves ............. ..................... .06 to .08 I today ,
"" mostly russets. Fruit scarce. Ship few
HAY, GRAIN, ETC. I cars.

White com, small lots......................9 1.20 Car 2546 averaged 1.68. Tangerines
Mixed corn, ............... ....... 1.15 ORANGE GROWERs
',f Whiteoats, ...... .......... ....... 1.75 3.12 per box. TO
Mixed oats 4. ....................... 1.65 Sale to day, car 8180 averaged 1.41;
Hay No. I, Timothy, small lots............ 19.00 badly decayed. Grape fruit 3.00 to 3.85.
Wheat bran small lots......... ............ 19.00 Tangerines averaged 3.04. Our Jacksonville office, No. 94 West Bay St.,is now open, and shippers desiring
Ground feed, fresh (corn and oats), sack
.' of 100 pounds............................. 1.40 Sold ten cars to-day at a general aver- market repprts or other information with regard to shipping, will kindly commu-
Feed meal, in sacks of 100 pounds, per ton. 22.00 of 1.57. Demand fair. nicate with me at that address. .
Rice flour, per cwt.......................... 90 age Fair sale; common fruit; condition fairly On receipt of shipments of good qualities of fruit in Jacksonville, we will ad-
wheat sack of .
Pure TOO rounds.
per 1.40 that the same. Checks for proceedsare
Prepared steam cooked cow feed per cwt. good. Sold 5,160 boxes at 90c to 2.00; : vance from 50 to 75c. per box to those request
I5o-pound sacks..................... .. ..... 1.30 averaged 1.40. Tangerines 2.60 and Mandarins mailed direct to every grower in Florida within 48 hours after the sale in Sew
Prepared steam cooked horse feed, per cwt, solicit and shipments.
box. fruit
150-pound sacks.................. ...... .. 1.50 1.40 per Grape scarce York. I your support of Florida we to
.. Pearl grits per barrel..............'....... 2.95 and wanted. Good prospect ahead for "In order to raise the standard of packing oranges, propose
Pearl meal barrel..... ................. 2.95 higher prices. offer a prize of $100 to all that send
Flour,best winter wheat patent...... ..... 4.50 in
and bad condition
Cars 3300 8024
F1"ur. extra fancy family ..... ............. 4.25 ; Not Less than 300 Boxes of Orangesto
averaged 1.32.
(Half barrels,either brand 250 per barrel
extra.) 1,000 boxes in to-day's sale at 85c to winner will receive a certificate to the effect that his fruit
..... ..... us this season. The [
Cotton seed meal,bright, ton.
per 25.00 2.15 1.30. Tangerines 2.60 to
Dark or Sea Island cotton seed meal per ; averaged averaged the best gross result during the season, and in addition to that a check for

ton........................................ 20.00 3.10 per box. :Market\ unchanged. $100. This is offered wholly for the sake of endeavoring! to raise the standard ofrading
Pure ground bone fine, per ton .......... 30.00 LIVERPOOL. the part of shippers. The at the
on average
A Bone and potash,per ton................... 33.00 packing and careful handling that
w German kainit, per ton...................... 17.00 Cable received since las' report gives end of the season will be carefully made out of each and every shipment wereceive.
r Land plaster................................ 10.00 results of two sales at averages of 8s and ."
Nitrate Soda jj c per pound; per ton....... 55.00 9s correspondence directed to New York will receive prompt attentIOn.E. .
respectively. Any
Muriate potash 2)C per pound; per ton.... 50.00
Sulphate potash, 2C per pound;per ton..... 31.00 . J GOCHOSUr/L
Sulphate potash 90 per cent.................. 50.00 ,. ,
.- Black-eyed Peas new crop, bush............ x.75 JACKSONVILLE. January 30.-Beyond No. 94 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Fla.,
Beans........................................ 2.25 the fact that shipments have decreased and No. 103 Park Place N. Y.
Lima.................................. 2.50 about one-third there is little change in City.
Alfalfa or Lucerne per bushel ......... 2oc the situation. Some points show prices
Genuine red rust proof oats ......... SOC
White seed rice ........ 2.25 unchanged, while others report decline ESTABLISHED 1869.
Florida grown seed rye" .....:1... 2.25 below figures last quoted. Some few
Georgia rye. ......... 1.75 show{ advance with indicationsof & SON
points an DIXON
Texas rust proof oats ......... 60 R. ,
Onion Sets red per bush................. 6.00 further improvement. On the wholewe
consider the outlook decidedly better, COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
and agents are sanguine of an advance in
Movement of Oranges.The prices before the end of the present week. 190 and 19Ci Duane St., New York. .

output of oranges for the past week wine to the unusually light shipments Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty, Strawberries a special feature. Quick sales. and

has been the lightest for many weeks. during the past week, we feel satisfied that prompt returns_ Commercial Agency. /. .- *-
Bradstreet .
oval Bank, ,
The amount carried out by the steamer shipments forwarded now will strike a RCfCIeuce-IrviniNau. .







GRIPPE BOOK FREE. best brights, 1.10 to 1.30; golden russets, ] The dullness in the fruit trade is general I I NEW YORK February 1.-Oranges, In-
to 1.20.
owing to the of the decision '
uncertainty ,
dian River fancy 2.00 to 2.25 other
Sent The
Postpaid'During February. markets are well cleared
pretty up in important legislative mattersnow
select sizes 1.75 to 2.00
Be Quick and Get One. in the North, but it is hard to whether brights ; straight
say pending although in opinion it
my lines, 1.50 to 1.75; russets, fancy, 1.50 to
N everybody is having la grippe there is any improvement in prices there is not more so than in any other line of 1.75; straight' lines, 1.25to- 1.50; Tangerines -
not. In Jacksonville
yet or prices thereis business. *
nowadays, but, what is still more unfortunate a betterment. 3.00: to'4.50, Mandarins, 2.00 to 3.00;
a large per cent. of those the Prices have never averaged lower for grape fruit,2.00 to 3.50; strawberries, 50c
who afflicted with this Florida fruit-say $2 per box, containing to 1.00; cukes, 5.00 to 6.00 a box; eggplants
epidemic, Auction Sales in Jacksonville. 176 oranges-and this unfortunatestate barrel, 6.00 to 8.00; box, 3.00 to
.instead of getting well, as they oughtto Burton K. Barrs says: of affairs, therefore, practically rep- 4.00. peas, 5.00 to 6.00; beans,2.00 to 4.00;
will have chronic catarrh as the We have sold all the fruit we have re- resents the dull state of business as regards lettuce, barrel, 3.00 to 4.00; basket, 1.25

result. This is almost invariably the ceived during the past:: week at our auction ,' the fruit trade and ruling prices. to 1.75, tomatoes, 1.00 to 3.00. Our orange -
case unless Pe-ru-na is taken as soon room and have been able to report Other lines in the fruit business of minor market is, booming, and we look for
the following prices actually obtained importance are suffering, of course, but b tter prices this week.
as possible after la grippe begins. not to the extent of the Florida
here in Jacksonville ship-
: brights, 1.30, 1.40, PALMER, RIVENBURO: & Co.
Every one who has observed this ef 1.50, 1.80 per box; russets, 1.10, 1.15, 1.20, ments. .
feet of Pe ru na during the last three 1.30; tangerines, 2.50, 2.85 3.00; Man- Fruit, it is conceded, is not a luxury, -
epidemics of la grippe positively knows dariiis,1.30,1.60,1.95; navels, 1.75, 2.00, but rather a staple article of food. For New York, Jan. 29.-The supply ,of
that this remedy will cure it 2.25, 2.50. that very reason the trade has increased oranges has been lighter and witha
perma- If to these prices you add the freight, in proportions tremendously. On a rough steady demand market is somewhat
nently. The fact is, however, that a cartage, extra commissions, etc., to dis- estimate not less than $15,000,000 yearly stronger. Strictly fancy fruit has been
great multitude of people will not take tant points it will show how much betterit represents the volume of the business in scarce and selected Indian and Halifax

Peru na, and the foundation for is to sell oranges at home than to consign New York alone. River brights have sold up to 2.25 to 2.50,
chronic catarrh will be laid. Here, to distant markets or to allow forwarding Hard times, however, have completely with finest brights from other sections
again Pe-ru-na is the reliable companies to do so for you. changed the situation. It would seem ranging from 2.00 to 2.25, and straight
Take our top price 1.80 for brights and that the middle classess, who are the lines of fine fruit work out from 1.50 to
remedy. Even in cases that the add 46c for freight to Cincinnati, cartage chief consumers, are retrenching to the 1.75, with large coarse or deflective loweras
chronic catarrh has affected the lungs 5c commission on this freight and cart- extent that, as to the absolute necessities to quality. The proportion of poor

and the early stages of catarrhal con- ; age 5c, and you have$2.36 which is higher of life and fruit, the former are given the stock, however, has been greatly reduced
sumption have been developed, Pe- than any Cincinnati firm quoted last preference. This curtails the demand of and market seems to be in better shape
ru na can be relied week. Take New York, Boston, Phila- the latter to the extent that prices have than for some time. Tangerines are
upon prompt delphia Buffalo, St. Louis or any other suffered as above stated. scarce and higher under a good demand
and lasting cure. La grippe and catarrh point and add actual fixed costs to our No line of business, nevertheless, reacts and mandarins sell well when choice.

are at present the two greatest prices and you will discover that we make more quickly than the fruit trade, and if Grape fruit quiet but steady for choice
enemies of life in the land. Perunais the grower better net returns than another y the vexed questions now before Congress stock. Strawberries are gradually increasing -
a cure for either. point. can only be settled without further delay, in supply and there is a good demand -

Send for a of the latest bookon This week we are unable to supply our thereby restoring confidence, I anticipatethat I for desirable berries, but most
copy buyers. Demand is good. they pay more a reaction will commence that will offerings are soft and poor and prices
these diseases. Sent free by The for the fruit here than the grower gets put prices on a more normal basis and range low. Bulk of sales are in range ,of
Pe ru na Drug Manufacturing Company through the ruinous system of consign- bring back prosperity in place of 'the 40 to 50c, some poor lower and a few
of Columbus. Ohio. ment and if shippers would only look at great depression that now exists. Now, pretty good up to 60 to 75c. Strictly
home they could find a market which if as good times depend largely upon the prime would exceed this figure if here.

rising market, therefore we recommend cultivated would do a great deal toward prosperity of the fanning population, it Apples,Spitzenberg, 4.50, to 6.00; oranges,
that(shipments! be resumed on a moderate relieving their present distress. will be found necessary that a general re- Indian and Halifax River fancy brights,
scale. Now is the time for growers and othersto action shall take place by which food 2 25 to 2 50; fancy, 2.00 to 2.25; brights,
TELEGRAMS. expect the distant and unreliable com products shall share in a general advancein straight lines, 1.62 to 1.87; russet fair to '

Sales to-day 90c to 1.60 1.07.i mission man to advance 90c or 1.00 a prices remunerative to the producer, prime, 1.50 to 1.75; coarse or defective,
; average,
. Fruit very poor; demand fair. box, provided he will take a draft to be before the farmers will spend their money 1.00 to 1.37; tangerines, box, 2.00 to 4.00;
Car 912 sold to-day at an of attached to the bill of lading. A little liberally and thereby create an active demand mandarins, box, 1.50 to 2.50; grape fruit,
1.79. Market advancing; 3,000 average boxes sold later he will get a telegram, "Car arrived which means higher prices and box, 1.50 to 3.50; strawberries, Florida,
here to-day averaged 1.50. bad order, draft refused; instruct bankto profitable results to the fruit producers. prime, per qt, 60 to 75c; poor to fair, 30
Car 2733 averaged 1.40. Demand fair. deliver bill of lading without draft. to 50; beets, Fla. & Chap., 100 bunches,
Car 2260 averaged 1.57 per box. Will do our best with it." St. Louis, Jan. 29.-Strawberries, receipts -J.OO to 6.00; beets, Florida, crate, 60 to
Car 761 sold at 1.25 to 2.37k; averaged And then the shipper knows he has light, and few of the arrivals were 1.00; Bermuda, 50 to 1.00; cabbage,Danish -
1.58. Tangerines, 2.80. been "buncied'1 again, but submits andis in prime condition, most of them being per 100, 7.00 to 8.00; domestic, per
Car 1876 sold at 1.121 to 2.25; averaged flayed alive. This has been done regularly soft, mashed and frozen. Demand was ]100, 3.00 to 5.00; egg plant, Fla., bbl, 4.00
l for years and will continue until i fair, and prices range at 50 to 75c per qt. I, to 8.00; box, 2.00 to 4.00; green peas,
1.56.Car 5421 sold today for 765.00 an aver- growers learn that if a commission man Lemons, offerings not large, demand fair, Fla., crate, 3.00 to 5.00: lettuce, New Or-
age of 2.20 per box. ; wanted fruit badly enough to advance prices steady. We quote: Fancy, 5.00 to leans, bbl. 2.00 to 4.00; Fla. prime, basket,
Sold three cars to-day. The quality 1.00 a box, he would buy it and end the 5.50; choice, 5.00 to 5.50 per box. Or- 1.25 to 2.00;,1.25 to 1.50; Fla.

generally pp.or, 1.00 to 2.60, averaged 1 34 transaction. anges, for well-known brands, the range & Chas. poor, 50 to 1.00; string beans,
1.52; and 1.41, respectively. Grape fruit, from first hands was 1.70 to 1.75 per box 1.00 to 3.X( ): onions. Havana, crate, 1.75 t

2.70 to 3.35; Mandarins, 1.90; Tangerines,, Buffalo Auction Sales for russets and 1.75 to 1.90 for brights. to 2.00; tomatoes, Fla., carrier,
2.50 to 2.90 per box. Demand improv Selections and repacked on orders, we 2.50; Havana, carrier, 2.00 to 2.50; ,Ha-
The Buffalo Fruit Auction Company re quote: Florida brights, 2.00 to 2.50; russets vana, bushel, 1.25 to 1.75; Key West, bu-
ing.Car 361 averaged 1.58. ports, : 1.75 to 2.00. California Washington crate, 1.00 to 2.00.-Barry's Price Cur-.

Car 8255; averaged 1.26. Fruit very rot- Owing to the very heavy receipts of Navels 3.00 to 3.25; Mexicans, 2.25 to rent.
ten, market going higher on sound fruit. oranges and the general poor conditionof i 2.50. Tangerine?, receipts and offerings .
Market,fairly active. Sold ten cars today the same, prices have ranged low dur- fair; demand about equal to the supply at Will & Jones' Sales.
; averaged 1.50 per box. ing the past week. Since our' last reportwe 3.00 to 3.50 per box in lots from first
>-.-. have sold eleven carloads of Florida hands. Selections on orders 3.50 to 4.00 Jacksonville, Jan. 30.-We have to
Jacksonville Fruit Auction Com- oranges, prices ranging from1.2j: to 2.00; per box. :Mandarins, sell at 2.00 to 2.25 report first half of last week the most depressed -
pany's Bulletin. a 'few boxes of good Navels selling as per box. Grape fruit, Florida in light market of the season on oranges
high( as 2.50. :Mandarins and tangerines offering and good demand at 2.25 to 2.50 and prices realized the lowest. Receipts
R. Towns
pays: have arrived generally in poor condition, per box, on orders 2.50 to 3.00. Pineapples decreased towards end of week, which
movement of fruit has been very receipts somewhat lighter and demand supply light and demand good at caused the market to develop strength,
light owing to the heavy rainsof better; mandarins selling from 2.00 to 1.75 to 3.00 per dozen for extra and 2.25 and a marked advance has taken place
fruit last week and dragging prices of the 3.00; tangerines, 2.50 to 3.50; grape fruit to 2.50 for No. 1. Cabbage (Mobile) 75c this week. Receipts are still light, and

Fcarce and in good demand, good bright to 1.00; Louisiana, 1.50 to 1.75; eggplant, we will be much disappointed if pricesdo
We seem to be always in the midst of stock selling at 3.05 at the last sale: pine-- bbl, 5.00 to 7.00; doz, 1.50 to 2.50; beans, I not go higher. We advise shipments
a reaction either one way or the other; apples in light demand, 8 to 12c; choice 1.50 to 1.75 case; peas, 2.00 case; cucumbers I early. Tangerines and grape fruit are in
either a falling supply and rising prices, Messina lemons arriving more plenty fancy Southern. 1 00 to 1.25 doz; request, realizing good prices. Lemons
or a glutted market and falling prices. prices somewhat lower, sold from 3.50 to hothouse, 1.75 to 2.00; tomatoes, Florida, have declined 25c to 50c a box the past "

The markets shrewd grower who watches the 4.80, demand very good; apples, though 2.50 to 4.00 crate. Tomatoes, very nice week. Sales from Monday to Wednesday,
very closely and ships right in scarce and high.are selling slowly at 4.50to stock, carefully wrapped and put up in 2,230 boxes oranges. 2.00 to 1.35. Thursday -
the thick
fir the
glut generally gets the 5.00. the most approved packages, the six- to Saturday, 1.526 boxes, 225to 130.
best prices. We try to keep our patrons On account of continued open and wet basket crates or carriers, came here quite Tangerines, 3.75 to 3.25; mandarins, 2.50 ,_
warned of these constantly recurring weather trade has been affected consid- freely during the past week from Florida. to 1.50; grape fruit, 2.50 to 2.00; pineap-.
periodic oscillations.The erable, but with a sudden change and The previous week they sold readily at ples, 20 to lOc.Philadelphia. .
fruit is, as we have said before, cold wave to-day, and prospects for more 4.00 to 5.00 a crate, and those fine prices -

steadily gaining in size. Recent ship- ]natural weather for this season of the for hard times, encouraged more liberal January 29.Oranges,
ments to us have averaged from thirty to year, we believe trade will be much bet- shipments, and they came. However, fancy, 2.00, to 2.50; choice 1.60 to 2.00;
thirty-six 128 upward: These large sizes are grow-week. for several days the demand fell off
P In fancy, 3.50 to 4.00; russet, 2.00 to
blcxnfei UnkY.which The will trees will soon, be in speedily and the stock has accumulatedon 3.00; Tangerines, box 3.00 to ,4.00; Mandarins -
ohr advice is steadily in with favor picking of- B.J ] L. Goodsell on the Fruit Outlook.A 4 the hands of the regular receivers anda 2.25 to 3.00. Egg plants, per bbl
[ reduction of 1.00 aerate precipitated no 7.00 to 9.00; tomatoes, cape 3.00 to 3.50 ;
} ;
shipping, wherever the grower- has any late New York Sunday World con. rush on the offerings. Doubtless other string beans, box 2.50 to 3.50; green'peas
prospect at all of making a profit faired; brief articles from representative markets are similarly situated and
shippers 2.50 to 3.50; cucumbers 3.50> to 6.00; lettuce
For :
Mandarins sold here in Jackson- men in all branches of business. Mr. E- and receivers alike must exercise
ville a basket 1.50 to 1.75; do box 3.50 to
we have touched the 2.00 mark.for L. Goodsell was selected to speak for the little patience
in demand
LOOt; e1 strawberries good 60 to
Tangerines 3.00; Halifax River fruit 1.85j; fruit: trade. He wrote in part as follows; ; P. M. Knar. 90. and &.- Sozr.




r -


Our Public Schools. is often criticized because it does not! ANIMAL MEAL makes hens lay. Write to E.

f Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: provide more funds. Ormoud. Fla..for information.

: A short-article having been solicited Six it flashed on the
years ago people UORICUTAWAY/ HARROW prices,address E.
v on the subject of common schools, I of the county site that a graded IO-21-tf S..Hubbard, Federal Point Fla.,State Agent.

shall state briefly a few observations school was necessary, and the superintendent .

made on the public'school system of i Capt. A. H. Kavesies, and .lY 4sttyY lMi 'i this country during a period of about citizens raised through private subscriptions Fla. 3-il-i6t

ten years of service as teacher and nearly four thousand dollars, Hard Times Meets His Match. LOUISIANA GRASS(pospaluro platyeaule),

1 officer. and by the assistance of the board Frightened by the panic he was making a mad Cuttings at$1.25 permanant a barrel pasture, f.o. b.grass W.11.lor POWERS Florida.,
rush through the couutry, sweeping everything Fla. "
It is generally conceded that the built and furnished a splendid building before him, until he struck "our fence." Being Lawtcy. 6-24-101
idea of "The New Education" has I that is now crowded with busy built on the give and take plan, it gave a THE LAKELAND NURSERIES Citrus
I MUle (in price), then the reaction three H. T. on tour or grapefruit roots. A com-
taken slight, if any lodgment, in the workers. clear: out of the ring. Shipments in three weeks plete stock of all standard varieties of Orange .
'4 minds of Florida teachers and Three years ago the people of San 110 miles,against 23 milts: same time last year. and Lemon Trees, making a specialty of the
they are
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian. SEEDLESS Pomelo, and the Seedless Tahiti Lime,
frequently charged through the press Antonio decided that they needed a Mich. with 75,000 Grape Fruit Seedlings give betting -

: with a lack of ability to impart instruction public school building, and, at their Loquat, also Plum Japan, Kelsey Chestnuts Plum,, and Japan other Persimmons deciduous,

as skilfully as they should; yet we own expense, built a splendid two- Belleview Soft PhosphateBest trees and plants. C. M. Marsh, Lakeland Polk
Co., Florida.
can best judge of their work from a story house in which a school is now 11-4-121
fertilizer ever sold in Florida for purchaser for Thrifty Year-
WANTED-A 2,500
glance at the practical results obtained being conducted on the graded plan.
: fruit trees and Pear Trees, 3} to 8 feet at
from the public schools during a specified Over ninety-five per cent. ot the chil- vegetables. $35.00 n-iS-tf per 1,000. B. W. Partridge, Monticello, Fla.

t period, which results I shall en dren in the county are enrolled in the Price reduced this season to five
Florida! Fine o-year-old
1 deavor to present as an average. public schools, and for the first two dollars per ton in Carloads. \- youug grove; first-class Vegetableand
Public schools reach months of this term the at- Phosphate Lands. Send for descriptive cir-
out long arms average
culars. J. L. Derieux.Lakeland, Fla. i2ot..
and touch and take hold of the most tendance was over ninety per cent. DRIED.GROUNI.

i remote communities of from two to of the enrollment. MACARTNEY Hedge Rose Plants and Cut-

t more families, and the schoolhouse, To-day in many schools in the coun- >, Fla. sale. M. O'NEILL, Fairbanks 11-25-131 ,

however rude, abject and comfortless ty Latin, geometry, rhetoric, natural PURE Blood Poland China Boar, seven months
( it be becomes the center science and algebra are being taught SACKEI>. Florida grown,$S.oo. P. Flor-
r may or nucleus ida Farmer and Fruit Grower, Lawtey,Fla. .
/ of a new order of things. From in addition to the common school Write for full particulars to 11-25-tf

//t j tt the first day the little ones attend the branches. PURE Brown Leghorn Eggs. Cheaper than

I i. idea of a controlling force, law, dawns Eight years ago a teacher was will- C. B. SMITE, PUDDY, Lawtey StOCk, Fla.the very best. $i.oo for 11-25-161 13. R.

upon them; and from the, at first, ing to take any school; to-day many
P, meaningless words of the thumbed ascertain whether they can teach the General Jttanagep, Jacksonville, Fla. RIVERSID, Japan NURSERIES.-Peaches Persimmons, Apricots, Pears, Al-,

branches monds, Figs, Mulberries, Loquats Pecans, Sat-
r and worn text books there comes an required bel ore they make
Bradley suma and
Redfleld. Eugene B. Redjleld. Daucy Tangerine Oranges, Grape
f j awakening to the fact that knowledge application for certain schools. ESTABLISHED 1871. Vines and Roses; prices reasonable catalogue

.\ exists and mental tentacles begin to To sum up, when one looks backa REDFIELD & SON, tree. J. A. DANIEL,.Prop., Glen St. Mary, Ma.I2l612t .

J' reach out and education begins. At few years and sees the condition 01 Commission MerchantsAND BEARING Orange Groves for Sale on Lake

r -: that moment the parent, from the the communities mentally, morallyor are guaranteed to pay next year
from ten to twenty-fave per cent. net on the in-
, : delicate sympathy existing between physically, and contrasts with these ves.meut. Abo wild and cleared land under
Fruit Auctioneers
'" parent and child, begins to investigate the wonderful improvements and ad- fence For further suitable particulars for orange, address or general Box cultivation.110, south:

[, :: the facts coming to them through vancements, and; besides, sees hun- 141 Dock Strettf Philadelphia, Pa. Lake Weir Marion Co., Fla. I2-y-0t

l. these channels, and a new interest is dreds of children coming out ot thes either We handle at private all kinds sale (which of Fruits has heretofore been' BELLVIEW SOFT PHOSPHATE, rich in

developed. In a short time :4s) the common schools with a mental devel-- our custom) or by the auction syj-tem (recently feeder to trees acid and and bone phosphate,a steady
add:d to our business) as you may desire. plants, ?$6 per ton. C. B.
pupils advance in their work and the opment enabling them to secure and SMITH, Jacksonville. 1-20-41

graphic truths of physiology have hold a place in the battle for exist-
OENT-A- JVORD" COL UMN. Plants, $1.25 1,000; standard
.t been transmitted to the parents from ence, one is constrained to bow to the STRAW. varieties. 1,000,000 Hoffman,

t. the sanctum of the school, a new and composite common school teacher and ments To insure must be insertion accompanied in this column the advertise- earliest the ,great largest Southern, firmest berry most;

I alarming interest manifests itself. Parents exclaim, You have wrought wonders, Advertisements must not by exceed money.fifty words. BERRY profitable.Kittrell N.O. W. BLACKNALL, .

.I,7( redouble their exertions to pro- even though you have not conceiveda Postage Count Stamps every word.received including in and address. C. ia-i6-iot

;..''. vide for the comforts of the children. complete idea of "the New Education EGGS FOR HATCHING.-Pure White Leg

:.s The new ideas of food, dress and living ," and have been compelled to ORANGES WANTED.-Persons having Or- $1.00 for 13., single W. or H.rose STEACY comb, Thonotosassa; also Langshans, Fla.

r i ; are discussed at. home and at accomplish your work by tentative stating anges approximate to depose number of will ot please boxes write quality us, i-13-St

School meetings are held methods. sizes, etc. Mention distance to railway station FOR SALE-orange and Lemon Trees on
God bless the or landing freight rate to Jacksonville, facilities stock. Write for prices to J. H.
school and
and the Board is for common
IJ'school. being beseiged for packing on premises or distance to good TURNLEY, "txcelsior Nurseries," Lake Weir,
assistance; the methods of teachers are its guardian angel, the teacher. packing house, price on the tree seller to deliver Fla. 12-1(.l,5tC
t to station or landing after being packed
r' watched; school officers conferred ROBT. M. RAY, also packed F. O. B. Address ORANGE GBOWERS' TRIFOLIATA for Hedges. Seedlings 12 to
Co. Schools UNION, Jacksonville, Ha. 234I 14 inches i. o, b., packed: to carry long dis
Pasco Co. Fla.
with advanced studies Supt.
i ; more required tance. $20.00 per thousand. L. R. KERVAN,
in the common schools; the school officer want to exchange a large, soun d, gentle fam Norwalk, Fla. 12-9-51
'a ily Horse, good haddle horse, for boxes
E. L. Goodsell's Sales. 150
I is expected to go into the school good small russet Oranges. Bring your oranges BRONZE Turkeys,Fowls Pekin and Ducks, Indian Game
and teach he the instead E. L. Goodsell : and if we cannot trade you can sell fruit at good- Eggs, at reason-
teacher able
I J. as expects says price and take your money home with you. T. prices. Mrs. W. H. MANN, Mannville. Fla.I2l6lf .
r \i of delivering the hitherto conventional Receipts for the past week have been R. TOWNS,Jacksonville Fruit Auction Co.

address; a longer term is requested light, and market has cleared up, hencewe 2-3-2 LARGE two years old Orange and Lemon Buds
look for reaction and Pigs,. and Cats each. 1't ree-year buds 30 cents.
shipments BERKSHIRE Poultry Esrgs. -
and a special tax assessed in & E. RENZ. Bridgeport Fla. Grape Fruit and Tangerine buds 25 cents. Other
made will
now doubtless strike an ad- trees cheap. Nearly all on sweet stock. Write
the district to support the common vanced market. 2-3-10 fur prices. LAKE KEGION NURSERY CO., Au-
school fund, and a new era dawns. Jan. 22.-Sold 1,000 boxes Florida PURE Bradford Melon Seed for Sale, $1.25 per burndale, Polk county. Fla. 12-30-81

Such is the development of the com- fruit, part arriving ex Clyde Line andO. NOLDS. Wildwood postpaid.Fla. Address P. R. McREY-it SUMMIT Nurseries, Monticello, Fla., Pear,
:S.:) S. Co. Oranges, 1.65 to 90c; Plum and other fruit trees Rose,
school. grape
mon ONE TON CASSAVA SEED.-Fresh, strong Camellias, etc., at prices to suit the times.
fruit 2.20 to 1.50. Jan. hun-
j 2-30-61
feet So fed
; 100 cents ; 1,000 $7.00. A.
4' Take some of the practical results dred boxes Florida fruit, part arriving Z. ARMOUR, Panasoflkee. Fla. 2-3-6 I B LLVI W SOFT PHOSPHATE Dried,
of the common schools in this county. ex Clyde Line and ex Merchants' S. S. ground and sacked, $6 per ton. The best
I Co. TO EXCHANG .-Bee: material for a good and cheapest fertilizer ever sold. Try it. C B.
Eight a third-class teacher Oranges, 1.50 to 90c; tangerines, .
l-f years ago Cow. Address H. C. L., Fort Reed, Fla.232t SMITH. Jacksonville
1-20 4t
half boxes, 1.70 to 1.50; boxes, 3.00.
could teach, if I may be allowed to FOR SALE CHrfAP.-Thirty thousand grape
use the common expression, any SHIP IN BULK in Coulter's Car and save 50 a..d 30 thousand sour seed bed stock from
E'RUI: TREES.FOR. per cent. Send 810 for right of patent and 12 to 20 inches high. Grape fruit S;per thousand.
in the school .
school county.. tax instructions. G. J. SCAMMEL, Agent, Orange Sours. |3 per thousand f. o. b. cars. S. M.
was a burden; four months' term was City. Fla. 1-27-1 STEPHENS. Lakeland. Fla. i-13-Tt

all that was asked and many patrons SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write FOR SALE.-Cassava Seed ; SI. per 100 feet NIAGARA Grape Vines for sale cheap. O. s.
insisted that they could spare their for Catalogue and price list.JENNINGS' 1-27-2 W. FARNHAM, Lake Maitland, Fla. Ha.>tinsr*. Fla. 12-16-61

children for no longer period. NURSERY CO., POTATO SEED.-PeruvianVineless
SOUR cheap. pk. Ji; bnshel $3: bbl. $10.
To-day the full limit of the county F. W., Denver, Fla. 120-41. mail, pound 4oc; 3 Ibs. $1. JULIUS SCHNADEL-By
school is demanded and ecH. Grand Bay. Ala. 2-13-51
tax paid Pineapple Digester.: TILGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERSfor
without murmurs, and every precinct all stock. Will make any animal eat and FOR SALE-Choice Budded Trees of leading
The powerful digestive principle of the Pineapple grow fat and sleek. Sure cure for "Salt Sick of Oranges, Lemons and Grape
4 in the county except four assesses! a It is given as a drench to animals that will not Fruit. For prices, address D K.TURNER,Lake-
special tax above the school freed from sugar and concentrated in a eat. For hale at L'Engle's Drug Store Jacksonville and. Fla. 12-23-51
common pure fruit extract, which is of untold benefit to and nearly every town in Florida. Trial W. H. MANN of Manville, Putnam County,
A- tax, for school purposes, of from two most weak stomachs. Try it. package will be mailed you for 35 cents. W. G has a fine lot of Orange Trees which he
Y to three mills and complain because For sale by.W. A..Dell,Jacksonville. TILGHMAN. Palati a. Fla. t-sr-ro t will sell cheap. Write him for prices. i-27-iot

they THOS. B. &ICHARDS, TANGERINE Seedlings for sale by G. F. Bun SALE.-Hand-plows, .
cannot have> more and the board L FOR very cheap. S p.,
Eden, Fla. < uuu>, McMeekin Fla. 1-13.101 Fla.

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"),:""'",';'.;.?,'.'? MANUFACTURED IN THE SOUTH. .
.--'' ",.,:" '.-. -,
:' :
.', .The 'South is dependent solely upon its Farming and

Manufacturing interests for prosperity. Now, don't you,

a Southern planter, consider it your duty to patronize

Southern Manufacturers, everything being equal ? '

The manufacturers of ATLANTA PLOWS guarantee to

MAKE everything equal. .. .".' ...

H ," .
'SOFT t.iC.H. % EXTRA :




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U Clyde Steamship Co.

Time 53 .to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and .

!It... between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours. NEW YORK, GHflRiiESTON fflmninqigii UNES.

: The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,
Pa..aga: Rates$ both ways :

Between. Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion 843,50; (STANDARD TIMB.)
/ Steerage,1250. From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
': Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $ 7.oo; Intermediate $21.00 j Excursion $47.301; Steerage $14.25 Friday, Jan 26th, at 3 pm ....... ."ALGONQUIN".... ...Thursday, Feb ist, a. 1:00 pm
The.magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed: to sail as follows: Tuesday Jau. Sot at 3 p in............ *"DKIAWARE" ........Suuday, Feb. 4, at 4 ooam
Tuesday. Jan 30th at 3 pm.......... ..*"YKMASSKK"; .......Monday, Feb 5th, at 4:00: a m
r' FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Wednesday, Jan 31st at3 pm............"SEMINOLE"; .. ..... Tuesday, Feb 6th. at 4:30: a m
: Friday, Ftb 2. ats pm......... "IKOQUOlJs" ........Thursday, 1-tbSih, at 6.00am
f. [Central or 90 Meridian Time.] Monday, Feb 5ih at 3 p m........* "CHEROKEE": .......Suuday, Feb nrh, at 8:00 am
lt I Nacoochee.................................... ........ ,..................Friday Feb 2d, Wednesday, Feb ?th, at 3 pm......... "ALGONQUIN".........Tuesday, Feb i.jlh, at, ic:.oa ra
t. Tallahassee ................................ ...........................Saturday, Feb 3d. 3.30 p.m Friday, Feb 3 pro......... uYE IASEH":: ........ Thursday, Feb 15th, at 12:00 n'n
City of Augusta................................................... .... Monday Ftb 5th 4.00 p.m Monday, Feb lath, at 3 p m........ *&EMlNOtE" ........ Sunday, Feb i8th at 1:30: p m
.. Chattahoochee ..................................................... Weduesday, Feb 7th, 5 6.303.m 30 p.m Wednesday, Feb 14th, at3 p m.......... "IROQUO1S" .........Tuesday, Feb 2oth,at 480 a m
Kansas City................................................ ....... ...... .Friday, Feb 9th 7.30 a.m Friday, Feb t6that 3 pm."CHEROKEE"Thursday, Feb 22dat 6.ooam
r City of Birmingham................................................ Saturday. Feb loth, Monday, Fcb 19th at 3 p m.......*"ALGONQUIN"........ Sunday Ftb 25th at 8.30 a m
,. Nacoochee....... ....................................... .............Monday, Feb i2th. loooa.m 7.30p.m Wednesday, Feb 2istat3 pm......... "YEMAsSEE": ....... Tuesday, Feb 27th, at 10 oo a m
Tallahassee..... ..................................................WednesdayFeb i4th, 12.00111 Friday, Feb: 2jd at 3 p m. .........SEMINOLE........Thursday Mar ist,at 12:00 n'n
,,' City of Augusta... ..................................................... Friday, Feb 16th. Monday Fcb 26dh, at 3 pm........."IROQUOIS" ........Sunday, Mar 4th, at zoo p m
1. Chattahoochee .................................. ......................Saturday, Feb 17th, 3 2.30 30 p.m p.m Wednesday, Feb 28th at 3 pm.......... uCH ;KOKE2".......Tuesday Mar 6th, at 4:00 a m
; Kansas City............................................................Monday, Feb 19th, 5.30 p.m
:- City of Birmingham.............. ........... ...................Wednesday, Feb 21St, 6. a.m *For New York Direct.
,\ Nacoochee .............. ..............................,.................Friday, Feb 23d, 8.00 30 a.m Delaware" will not carry passengers,
Tallahassee..Saturday, Feb 24th, -
I City of Augusta ............:............... .......................... Monday, Feb 26th, io.ooa.rn 7.00 pm
S r. : RIVER
r Chattahoochee..Wednesday' Fcb 28th, 12.oom JOHNS INE.

I : For Sanford and Intermediate Points
Gate City.................. ......................... ........... ....Thursday, Feb ist, 2.30 p.m Enterprise on
: Clty or Macon ........................... .............. .............Thursday, Feb 8th, 6.30a.m River.
Gate City... ............................ .................. ......;...Thursday, Feb isth. i.oopm the St. Johns
1. City or Macon ....................................... ................Thursday, Feb aid 7.ooa.m .
The elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers

f (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) Oity of J"acksonvi11e: ,"

; Dessoug... ................... .......................................Thursday, Feb 1st,2.30p.m Capt. W. A. SHAW,
; Dessoug................................................................. Sunday, Feb ltth,9.ooa.m "'I red'1i "
.1\., Dessoug............................ ..........................oo... .....Wednesday, Feb 2ist,6.30 a.m DeBary,
Capt. T. W. LUND, JR., .
r THESE PALACE STEAMERS, Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville daily except :Saturday at 330 p.m, and from Sanford
daily except Sunday, at 9.00 a.m.Sourli .
; Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. BOUND SCHEDULE. NORTIIBOUND
.: Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via Read down Read U.

Savannah. For information and rooms apply to Leave.. 330 pm............ ................Jacksonville ....... ................. Arrive 11.45 p m
J. P. BECKWITH, Sol. Agent. W. H. LUCAS, Fla. Pass.Agent, 8.30 pm.................. ..............Palatka.............. ... .......... Leave 7.00 p m
71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville 1.30 am.................................Aotor.............. .............. 2.op P m
L L. WALKER, Agent, C.G.ANDERSON, Agent. h 2.45 ani.............................. St. Prancis.......................... IZ..3 P m
New Pier No.35 North River:, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. 5 00 am..............................Ueresford........................... 11.43 8 m
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. 6.00 am............ .................. Blue Spring ........................ Ie 11.00 a m
L.JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia. Arrive.. am................................Sanford............................ It 9.00 am
J. D. HASHAG, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y. 915801 ..............................Jont..rpri..e: ......................... 9.'o a nt
JU DeW.SAMPSON, General Agent, W. E.ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville Fla
306 Washington st., Boston. W. H. RHETT General Agent,
and Ticket
General Passenger Office 88 West St. JacksonvilleM.
I For Tickets apply to S.. F. & W.Railway office. 317 Broadway New York. ,
H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.
} THEO. T. EGKU, Traffic Manager, 5> Bowling Green. New York.
W. A. BOURS. .ESTABLISHED 1876.i J. B. BOURS. A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green,New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Fla.
\ WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville, Fla.

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

j; 12 Smith Ib.1J1wRrp Av*>niiP. FhllHdplphla. 'K" Howling Or...". N>w York.

; aa ve-JffisT BAY ST., jAOKsoi*vjawLE:, HMVA.L .
We Handle Only the Best and.Most.Eoliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of ,

j Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, THE DIRECT PHILADELPHIA ORANGE ROUTE.

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. SAILING. DAYS

Ii f Through rates
From Jacksonville
Tiigert-Illen PertilixerlGo.: The Steamships : barre, Harrisburg: ,
Is j NITRATE SODA, Brixham and South Buffalo, Albany,
Scranton, Pitts-
Star Brand Fertilizers Portland will leave -,,, : burg, Elmira, Syr
; HP MURIATE OF POTASH, every Saturday '' acuse, Rochester.



l l These FERTILIZER.Fertilizers have no superior in_ the market and a trial will convince. Box. 70 Barrel.
cIs. cts.
*: Send for" Catalogue free. per per

President. Vice-President. Excellent wharf facilities. Fast time.


i i i Cashier. CAPITAL $100,000. Assistant Cashier. in
Quick handling. Delivery Philadelphiaat


': JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, ,; Pier 8, South Wharves, in the very heartof

,:k Respectfully solicits yoat Deposits, Collections and General
fruit trade.1For
_Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .

INVITED. other rates and particulars apply to

).. John L. Marvin, A.DIRECTO B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, W. A. SOIERYIUiE. Or m. DIMAN

i' Jas. P. Tallaferro. T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
1 W. B. Clarkson C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, Florida Ag't, Foot Newnan St, Cen'l M'ffT 155 Dock St,

John E. Jacksonville, Fla. Philadelphia P*.
Dr' H. Robinson. ., ... Hartrldse.i !

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: ", -. ,"' "' "" -- ,' __: -.-,..... : ., ,: .. ,_ .' AND NEW YORK.

T'HE'IR CELEBRATED Brand of TRUCK FARMERS' SPECIAL produced the first best crop of the year,and the patrons of this brand have been very successful and made large sums of
_', money out of their crops the past year. Messrs. G. W Bigelow and N.J.Anderson,of Bushnell, Fla.,started their crops of Watermelons into market the latter pan of May. ;
Mr.BIOELOW sold two cars in New York,through Sgobel& Day,for$456.00 first car and$530.00 second car-The highest price ever realized in New York. He also sold one car in Boston for
,8500,and other cars at fancy prices. No Brand of Fertilizer has Realized One-Third as Good Results. Write for full information regarding our different brands of Special Mixtures.



i IF YOU CAN produce a car, load of fine early melons from our Truck Farmers' Special and sell at $300 or over per car. in New York,

is it not :more remunerative than using.slower and cheaper fertilizers ? Let us figure : A car of early melons that cut well will bringin

New York at least $300. Deduct $140 (freight, $110; commission, $30;) and you will get $160 net proceeds. But if you use a fertilizer

that is'not carefully prepared or adapted to the crop and soil requirements of the State you get your melons into a late market and are

fortunate.if they bring freight charges. Say, however, two later cars bring total of $300, you have double freight? amounting to $220 '

and commission $30, leaving only $50 as your net proceeds.-OBSERVE,THE DIFFERENCE!


By writing to us we can give you some valuable points on this subject and show you how to obtain remunerative crops.


-We give Remunerative Crops. Others furnish Theory. No. 50 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, ,
Our Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, prepared from O. S. Gas Lime, is giving splendid results. Write for copies of the opinions of those who have carefully
tested this article. ., .
We place only those articles on the market that bring remunerative returns. Drop us a postal for our"Special Opinion about"Fertilizers as a Profitable Investment."

ARCADIA,FLA.... December i3th 1893.
The Paine Fertilizer Co.,Jacksonville, Fla.:
GENTLEMEN.,have read with much interest Prof. Pratt's analysis of your O. S. C.Lime,reported in the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER of the 9th inst. I purchased two tons of you about three
months ago and sowed it broadcast over two acres of newly cleared up bay-head land. I have now growing over 4,000 cabbages, 1,500 tomato plants,several hundred e jg plants,beets,lettuce, cauliflowerand
onions all doing remarkably well,all of which I attribute to the use of your 0. S. C.Lime. Less than four months ago this garden was a wet,swampy bay-head. I have four acres now to clear
up, and shall use a tou to an acre. Yours truly,
Just received a cargo of German Kainit,also large quantities of Potash and Nitrate of Soda and Western goods. We have a large cargo of Potash(all kinds)and Nitrate of Soda to arrive during
December,and will cut uuder all prices. Drop us a line for quotations. (:Mention this paper.)

THE SDUTH SIDE IflAiiur-AlilUnlliu[ fin. THE -


THE BEST. Read what others say of it. Send for circulars and prico- ,
South Side Fruit Carriers and Shipping Packages.

list to T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Fla. :'
If you interested send for illustrated catalogue, free.

Lorenzo A.'Wilson. W. G. Toomer. J

WILSON TOOMER Manufacturer's price $7.25. Given. with this paper one. year for $7.00. One-hone ..;.,

harrow and the paper one year, $5.00.

Mr.T.K.Godbey: .Y
DEAR SIR-To the enterprising farmer I consider your Cultivators indispensable: For .f
STATE AGENTS, H. J. BAKER & BROS. COMPLETE FERTILIZERS. working young cotton or corn they cannot Yours be truly beat. They climb the highest bed J.without K.COLa trouble., "" i 1,

Glen St.Mary,Fl*.
MANUFACTURERS OF BLOOD AND BONE. T. K. Godbey DEAR SIR-The: New South Cultivator is giving good satisfaction; in fret,for keeping ihc.- J.j
ground bUrred shallow,it is the best tool we have ever seen. We use it largely in our nursery. 1
Yours truly, CHBROK NURSERY CO., .


';.. Manufactured by the
,"O!." ':: Orange Tree Manure.

:". Fruit and Vine Manure, L.L B. Darling Fertilizer Co.,

Special Tomato Manure, .

Potato and Vegetable Manure. OF PAWTUCKET, R. I. J:

No Others Give Equal Results.r,.

Strictly Pure Ground Bone, Sulphate of Potash, i
0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.
Ground Tobacco: Stems (Seminole Brand), No. 8 BoMtwick Block. Corner Bay and Main.Street.
'Best.Kentucky Tobacco: Stems, Canada Send four Pocket Memoranda Hook.

fj ':.. Hardwood Ashes, Nitrate of Soda,

\ Cotton Seed Meal, Sulphur 1erohallts'eamS 1h CO. a.

By Barrel or Ton.

We Carry Everything in the Fertilizer Line, and Make : ::: gtrs.S d John g. Pristopfeer :

Low Prices and Prompt Shipments.FOR rtJu2r and Elihu Thomson.Are ..

.. ..' '9i appointed to sail from Pier 30, North River,every Saturday., From Jacksonville every Sun J}'
WRITE day,to CUlt the tide. 1
.. : Rates on oranges.300 per box: hoc per barreL New York pier is heated by steam and is located ',
in the center of the fruit trade. 'TM.
f "',. Rates from New York to Jacksonville are 20 per cent.lower than other lines. Insurance. %.05 of .....
.WlIiSotl &TOO.IHR .
; ; I per cent. .., .
General Freight Agent. Pier 30,North River,N.Y.
.< r < J'00, J"a.oksoD.V'ille, F1a. J.G.CH&ISTOPHBR.Genenl Manager,Jacksonville.Fla, -r,, f:

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Full Text
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