Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Material Information

Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Florida dispatch farmer & fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Florida dispatch farmer and fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Farmer's alliance
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville, Fla.
Chas. W. DaCosta,
Chas. W. DaCosta
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 33 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


General Note:
"Farmers alliance semi-tropical magazine consolidated January, 1889."
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
ocm0833 ( NOTIS )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text


*-^ -
'A ;


' 18639






5, S191. Whole No. 1153.- NEW s11 .80s
I 1301. I 24; 1O,1.!O

Ol and one-half miles from Peru, ia., one- TR H "
: half mile from Alaffa river. 110 bearing trees .
In first-class condition, 15 to 18 years old. They are the best. They are grown for use in the South.
Good water, healthy localIty. Tract contain- They are adapted to our Florida soil and climate. Give them a
lg 70 acres. Address, P. M., Peru, trial. Our new catalogue for 89o0-91x will be sent on application.

SSeedsmen and Florists. Intrelachen, Fla.
Moona' Patent Plow-Colter and Gauge beats
the world. Adjustable to any Plo.w, one or
two bor~e. Saves 211 per cent. In labor ior
man and qAast, and enables you to turn any
kind orprass, vLnes or weeds completely out I
Oal bt O. GUARANTrEDI. -end for circular
Agents wanted. ITnisrlille, Ala.
S A AGENTS of those who have had experience and have'MADE A SUCCESS
LORIDA FR T EXCHANGE, give full instruction as to planting and care of vines.

on oeekly salefrnished State Agents for the Niagara White Grape Companies' Superior Vines,
ACO., and Green Mountain,
Agents for Georgia, Carolina and Missouri FALL AND WINTER SEASON 1911i AND 15.1.
m"'o- en. .3:j cars received yearly. Leaders E.T PAINE. J. OVERTON PAINE
In Bananas and Florid.a Oranges. Consign- PAIN
ments solicited. Quickeft and best returns.
S References: Whole fruit trade, Masonic I t INE EnrILIZER COM PANY
SBan k, and Co. Exchange Bank.
Plttsbhureh, Pa., 2hito-93I Liberty avenue. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
New York, N: Y., 8A Park Place and 268 JAK NVIL L A.
Waabligton street. Offrce 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. CO.d P. R. R.,
Phliadelpbla, Pa., Jas. Saitta, it and 13 St. Jonas River, East Jacksonville.
Dock start. ..
DOMONA \HOLESALE NUR- Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers.
SSERIES, Wholesale dealers In and importersof all kinds of Agricultural Chemldala.
MACCLENNV, BAKER CO., FLA. Send uas your name and wewlllbmall you from time much general Information"
g. GRIFFING & BRADLEY, PROPRIErORS. regardlnr successful orange and vegetable culture In Florida.
to --. i lia anr the isi ;tmr .t F.r'ida oF r-rowl ea.a a The Finest Recommendation to be Obtained in the State.-Florida Experiment Station.-Jas. P.
and Orientai plam spelaine,. Ftlty varleleo o DePasa, Director.
*.'. -- p rch an, Ot plum Pca'a on both p adFl
pea.] ad irtaranu oa pi u r,, ae.t, on b, ot partn. LAKE CITY, FLA., 0et. 2, 1899(0.
:. mad l. ad n r a, tOi, J ri.g'a rrld pp.ei, MESSRs E. T. PAINE & SON. Dear Stra-I have used your -Orange Tree Food" on my
.' ..ais m .pyca.. c.:.rreac.nadoene, all. ited. grove for two years anD. my trees are growing very finely. It is an re-irnt t'ertilizer and ]1
can recominii.tni'mos! m hgh.'y. Yours truly, J.&s. P. DEPAaS.
.- MESsRis.E.T. PAINE & SON. Gentlemnen-I am sofar satisfled wtlh One results obtained
-- by the use ol your "Orange Food" 'Ferltiizer, of which I used over ryJ tons the past season.
Allows stock of all kinds to graze and pre- My fruit Is very flrm and heavy. Five years continuous use of thls brand shows that it pro-
vents browsinog. Trees and shrubs fully pro- duces a thin to'ngl-skinned fruit, which carries to market under average conditions In ex-
tected. cellentfhape Not one' bad order" report did I rcelve trbe past season. The wood. growth
References, S. B. Hubbard SCo.. Jackson- obtained by the ase of your fertilljzer sla not as great as by some owners, but Is HEALTHY and
itie. CERTAIN. Tours truly, J. M. WATROUS.
Price, 81.25'eich At factory.
MOREMN & CO., A. 3 O MO W 0
Switzerland, Fla.
S- A BEACH & SON., hUIiii Mill hiin ntl & 1n "CULTURATOR"
:.r- PALATKA, FLA. Complete Fertilizers for "'egetnbles and Fruit Trees. Analysis and prices upon application.
S"- Treesand Plants of all kinds suited 10o this BAKER BROS,, State Agents;
~-' EO. W. BAKER'S ROTTED BONE MANURE. Decomposed with Potash. 926 per
cli.,. mate.- Camphor trees a specialty. Also ton delivered. "Guaranteed Anaiyels. Send for Catalogue and Samples.
S J.apan Chest.nuts,Pecans and J.apan Persilm- BAKER BROS., Special Agents, Palm Springs, Fla.
HO F H ON &,C) ~ -- N
No. 26 ..ith Froan Street. ORANGES. : I f T T liDIT1l8 LEMONS.
Rontbern- Fruji-and Vegetables,-.Speclalties. -LOQUATA, OLIVES, ., UAVAD; PA
tercAen i'.r H.. ..Ridgeqy,.. P~esadent Farmers' .-
DiMern tF J eorirgPre t Smrra *ORIENTAL LargeStokl Ohoic Vasrieis! TrueNamnl ANONAS...
Sm e Florida Fertilizer 1.Co PLMS AND .Liberal Deallng! ,ROSES, NERI,
la & Sokes.See Lereants19 PERMMON, "' CALADIUM8,
ifTr; a m. e. B r NgTTREE.; M. G.- TOUSEY, Prop9r;-. CACTI.VINES
VLarke-Sr'p..laelpia: ...19-J-.lie, % szard NUT TREES,. W G IU.T, CACTI VfNES
u_'rl 1Ban k:.PhiUaJdh lpibd'.N- a".P. "adl -ETP. ETC. LRL., B,.;__.F.
-SIS. frus a ;w he.P .ETeq u'es teALRICO, S .~BILLSBOROUGCO., FLA. BAMOOEO.
'..'eficahoial e. .. .. -." r --u'ne -. -" -Seed for Catailog e. I. M S. .
.- a t.. *'
,.gL. .. *. ;.,. . .. :... .. -

Ohasselas Luttichia-, best and by weekS
the earliest market grape in Florida.
Write for Catalogue.
12-4-4t Earleton, Fla.,

--N UR .S-E R Y.r--.,:
IOnly W' yarA froru delprt.l
Thousands r' aswst .ee.iUgs. T', to flreyeav
old, fro:., .ea ,inr'?[Ly frm te raerous Tuoks -.-
grove. Splendl, =.i,-'rtn r.,o tidld trees, tLom '-
less ad .tb.risise. Mal- Oal Ied. Swe, Jaffa, -
Washiur.g-.n Navel, Tange`ilC. Perless, Raymond"
Sweet an. oin.ere Tna last namnd Is a new and
splendid rarley, ,.ary" anJ swei. oar prices are
thelow'eaI. Try I. 1,:u you wtll purchase.
Addkeas, J. i. UaINER. Manager.
Care E A.,, Ellerlje o CO., Fla.
Wholesilo ) ommin si,)n, Fruits and Vegetables.
Prompt return. Stencils on appUiaeclon.
159 Bount Water Street. OCicago.
For the sale of Oranges, LemonsandBananaa,
Ample storage and refrigerators. dot.
respondence softcited. Stencul furnished.
Referasrea-Mercantile'National Bank: Win. E.
warl.a Co.., Wholesale Oreerfi; ChlUds, Oroft& o.,
isnolesale Bxorts and Snora; 'Bra'dstreer' and B. GL
Duian Co.'s MercatIlie Agoaclies; "Ono, Farmer,"

.- No. 6 Liberty Avg.,
Commission Merchants, Dealers In Foreign
and Domestic Fruits. Oranges in car lots a
specialty. o
Consleurents and correspondence solicited'
Reference,'German National Bank.-.. .


L W. S-'ERMAN & CO., '
References: Dr. Henry Foster, Oviedo, Fla.;*,-
Capt. B F Whitner, Port Reed, Fla.; FIr'-
National Bank, Sanford, Fla ; S.,P.BSUg,-l .
'Lady Lake; Fla ; J. W Roberts, Orange i .'
Beand, Fla Dr L L. Newsom, Cresbcent CIty
Fl a.* Fourth National -Bank, Boston; I.
Effarns&o, Boston. -..
Oranges, Le6m ,'Pineapple1, and allother %k
Fruits and- early '-truck; also, dried frulta, '
nuts furs,et. .
All cosignments proniptly remitted for. "-
Stenc ieksd market report furnished free. ,
:References: BradLreet.s,. and establislh-. "-'
merchants and banks fr the South.-
i. 75 & 77 PARK PLACE, NEW-VOR'K-,
elvers ofFlor Oanges. Lemons, Grape i.G''"
S Fruit andTangirines. 4:;"f.'. -_'
-"Reference-Chatba'mmNatlonalB S.1Bk "
Jas'A. Harnts, Qltra,..Fla.' '- -
Prompt retdrna on all coBM-n m n.7L p
._, C, ,,.




[MARcr 5, 1891

T :E


__ Sure Death to all Insects.


Berry Orates and Baskets. Orange Growers' Supplies.

Send for Circular. B EA N, A

Waycross Railroad Wharf,


S T L P H R S 0 L U T I ON,
Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and
is a sovereign remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances _-
of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied
to the trees at any stage of growth without injury.
This insecticide has been used by some of the the, largest orange growers in the State during the-
- past year, and has given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.
In barrels and half barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.
Manufactured by McMIASTER & M1ILLER,
San Mateo and Citra, Fla.

--rl. 1 or 1 c.a Di spatoIt T..a.e--
With the Magnificent Connections.

W 7'The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.
The altertLon of hbippers le directed to the Plant F. S. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and iouth Florida Rfdlway between Tampa and Saniord, S., F.& W. Ry. be-
~stweenJak viie, Gainesvrile, Balubr.dge, River Junction and avrannah, Savannah and Cnarieston, and Oc-an Steamship Line between Savannah, Ptiladelphia, Boston and New
York, and Merchants and Miners Tran.portation Company between Savannab and Baltimore Tne best equipped, fa.stCs .aod most prompt lines between all points in Floridaand all
poinla Nonh and Northwest-. Recelvers and Shippers will pront by the following unparalleled conDEction :
i Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Alr.any. Jesup, Baknbridue, and Doule ily 'ast frelgl ro all points North and West via Albany, Bair bJdae,
Savannah. 101 polnra in Fiorida; fast ifreigbt trais both yla Oalnesvlle,JL _:&p
Daily fat freight aU rail connebtlon via the Atlantic Cast Lne to a Etern Interor so vllie, Callaan and Le Oak.Ocean S Cmany, salng om
and Coast points, including New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and Four hilps a we-k by the fleet steamships orf the Ocean Steamoshlp Company, sailnog from
and Coa po cludgNew York New Pier:35, North River,) direct for Savannan Monday, Wednesday, Fridayand
Four con en lonsa week- forNew York hi Opc C.SteamshIp Company, leaving Savannah Saturday.
o dconnections a wek for-New York vi Oceans.Tteamsh Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamer, wil leave Boston.Mar;6 9,
T co o a wk for Baltimore,via ,ferebants' and M,,iners'Trar.sportallonComo- L Lt a o Savannah rect,'maing oecti on tbedock at iavannabwith fast
ylea g Savarnah every Wednesday and Satureday. tIlra iris for r-oilnta in Florid'i
p-Coatos for Boston via Bston-and t4avannah eaship Company, leaving Savannab From PI el it Ocean Stemahlp Co., eavine Puiladelpbpia Mar. 111, 21 and 311
1, 74, 15,14, 12, and 31. every dvedae froum regular .allitiq oay via New York to Savarnab.
Connections for Phlladelphla every ten days via Ocean aSt.amship Company, leaving Fr B ore vi Mrhan nd Mer Tr.. evrv.T. Id 6aeday and
avanib Mar. 6. and Friday, make c losr connect i on with S., F. & W. Ry. for all points in FiiHdaA
Sailing days for Stea.mships are subject. to change without notice.
& The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best freight ic.ute from all points Norlb, East and W st to Florida. For fulil particulars, rales stenells and shipping-receptss apply to
& WM. P. HARDEE, Gen'I Freight Agent, davannah,,Ua.
.D. OWENS, Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. F. B. PAPY, Asst. Tralic Manager Savannah Ga. W M. DAVIDSON, Gen'i Traffic Agen-t, Jacksonville, Fla.
, J. A. SBprTTSWOOD, Trv. Agt., Galnesville, Fla. J. P. JORD.AN, Trav. ARgent Quincy. J. E. DRAYToN, T eav. Agent, Jacksonville. J. H. STEPHENS, Aknt, Jacksouville.

* F

witb praolltal hinis to beginners, Is worth sending for. It containavaluable
all. with a List of all the cbolcest .varieties 01 .th'e cit-rus itmlly grown. Peaches,
" "Pea; Plums;-, Aprfoota, Peraiminons, Grapes and other fruit. adapted to the
ciiate of Fi1orlda,-iOur stoik is grown on high pine land,and is one of the nest and lar-.
e_ gal. i the State IT I: GROWN TO. ELL.' F ANT ONE CAN.STIT -YOU, WE CAN.
'. veryroe should have onr catalogue.. Free on application Jusl.send your name for one.
-: W. VIERCE. IndlaSiprings. Lake Counta..

Eustis, Lake County, Fla., "" .
Offer. for sale for Immediate planting
One ana two year buds; eholeest varieties, all grown on pine land.:
_ My Nurseriesw.ere entirely uninjured by the Marob freeze. Plhai now during. we
season. Write forspecIal prices. -. -- :H. G:. -N 1 ':- ON.-
. -- R h .-.. ;. : ._ -

'; *-

I 819




7 -



$2.00 PER YEAR] JACKSONVILLE, MARCH .5, 1891. ..[$2.00 PER YEAR

the largest pear, I believe, that I have food. Prof. Pratt, who has analyzed of the best fertilizers without the addi-
i aO l iCt i. ever seen anywhere. Has anyone, serve samples of their soft phos- tion of anything" else. When .mixed
raised a larger .one in this State? If phate, in speaking of its value, says with water over 70 per cent. becomes
A Florida Pear. so, who and where is he? We would that trees will receive more benefit 'as soft as .mud, the balance being .
-In Northern Florida, except where be glad to hear from him through THE from its use the second and third year composed of solt white pebbles which.
it is' protected by water, the 'orange FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. than they will the first; and this in crumble .under slight pressure, and ,
belt 'is slowly giving way before the JOHN B.. CARRIN. connection with Prof. -i Malyvan's which is very rich, containing over 70
S avance the pear. This is more Taylor county, Fla statement that such a large percentage per cent. of pure bone phosphate of
particularly the case in : Bradford Soft Phosphate in Marion County. is available at once, shows this special lime. These pebbles.. are soluble in
county, to which our personal obser- EditorFarrher and Fruit-Grower. : sphate to beofgreatvalue. earth water, and dissolving very
v". actions are mostly cofifiied. A fertilizer that is immediately The percentage of iron and alum: slowly will yield rich returns for years.
S The cut herewith presented. on this available as a plant food without the nia is less than 3, per cent., and a Such a manual substance can not be
page is that of a Kieffer pear, grown use 'of sulphuric acid -or other chemi- peculiarity of this. phosphate is that otherwise than valuable, not only to
S n oMr r tt, o -f our Florida lands, but to the worn-
Laweste, and of which a drawing O. t, :o / out corn and wheat fields of the North-
Lawte-, and .f ch a drawing a and to the cotton fields o! the South.
made, natural size, by our artist, Dr.
A. T. Cuzner. Its weight when first Prof. O. MI. Crosby is authority for
picked was one pound and fourteen ... the statement that a chemist of Massa
ounces. W" \hen it had become thor- '* ,- chusetts, after a thorough analysis of
oughly ripe, about the first of Novem- ; '-' a similar phosphate, not so rich in
ber, it was cooked and furnished the b ore phosphate, said that it was
editorial family of six as much fruit ais '.r ,' .. morth, as iot was, without pfurher
was required for one meal. The fruit *. manipulaton, $26.00 per on, as com-
was produced on a young tree just .;-..^,..: ", pared with the high grade fertilizers,
coming into bearing (a circumstance ', ., "*,.', such as the Mapes and others; and
which generally produces coarse fruit i, '. when it is considered how much
and this fact together ith its great-' cheaper this can be sold and that there
size, might have been expected to give : is no danger of over-stimulating the
a coarse inferior pr" There was crops, it-Dmust surely commend itself
some gr.,ih present, arnd. .... f ,:cr:.c i the 'careful consideration of the
the fla.r as n:. eqial to the n.:om- arrner and orange grower.
parable L.utticr richness of the Seckcl ,,.' *,;1 v;'.:'" At present this phosphare can be
to eat out ol the hand but. cooked, '* '. '.. 'sold by the car load in- bulk, deliv-
it was a very satisac[';or\ pe-ar. '" ered in Jacksonville at $8.oo00 per ton,
The is a fruit o slu or sacked at $10.00. Ati the mines, qualiiii.s; it requires s st $5.00 per ton; f. o. b. in bulk. These
the nine"n'.-.nth" season oi anr orange mines are situated at Belleview, on the
to is groivth anid round c.uir F. C. & P. R. R., the road-.running
its solid value. A"r, one h:. dene s it :', directly through the tract owned by,:. - cxellence as a karchen ,' .'' .' ': the company.- .
Iruit for autimiiini use, mn-:rel\ sli, ..... : .. The analysis of their soft phosphates _.
.. tereby that he has not the pa '. .. '. ..' .. is as follows:- '
t. ence to await its lulness ot tinm., or ., 'n, olubleS lc'ti e and Sa ". .a.. 18.76
that lie has encountered ,ionlv such .: C.arbonateofLie .. 4.5%
specimens of ir as were prown under I A'-.'-..'... ,;.t.'L; Phospboric Acid ..: -. .-."
S-. peculia.unlavorale circumstances. Equlvalent to Bone Phosphate of Lime..t.0.73
-' r. -....,. '.. .. .. .. '",, O xldeoo iro n .. .... .. .. ... .-. 74 -
To -s that the Kieffer is giving A u n .. ... .... ... :. 9
promise of doing well in other parts,of Moisture ... ..... .... .66
Florida we-append the folhoring n6te '*.":',.* ' Mointure
-lorid we nped the innte There seems to be no dcloubt but--
from the Sanford fo.'irna,. published -"m the ss o e n do .
last September:,. 'S: that this soft phosphate Irock- is'*
last September,:, ... : ''","- destined to wofk a revolution 'in -he
"Mr. Alderman, who lives on Miss fertilier interests of the Sateand b
Gibbon's beautiful place on the east. ... the means of retaining a lageamound b
Side, showed us on Monday last some of:.-. ,... ,.- .t money at hone. : a g a* .
.\specimens of the Kieffer variety of -. ,. .. -We heari several depos of-
--ear. ,Te were amazed at their size, "' : ~ :"We hear, of" several o her deposits o
"ea. lre were amazed at their size! A FLORIDA 'KIEFFER. Soft phosphate. iri.the Stte t'hich are
e ., largest measured fifteen and one- abing tested or already -bei" g worked
-al. way.and outeen .and cals and at a. cost of leis than one no insects arfouid where it has been It seems as if the stone which the "
one..- e-half the. other and' weighed .third of the cost 'of the average corn- used.' 'builders rejected is abo6u to become a -
pound and fifteen ounces! mercial.fertilizer, and containing over Many testimonials have' been re- cor-er stone. At fir's 6~l hosphate
-. e call this the champion. hho lourr times the amount of, plant .food, ceived from -those who -have. used -as thrown aside as being of-.'ittle'.
.-.can beatt-? .- and.that can be. used 'in unlimited this phosphatee fertilizer- .and' Mr.-'vale'butnow it isbming o the
Also the:follow1ing letter: quantities without the-slightest danger Datfmon'Greenleaf, one '6fthe-largest front, especially forhome -'use. ED.
.' t. rarg .aD F rn I iro r-. f harming the most. delicate plant:or goivers in the 'State; has discardedd all' ..
Although. oh ar ..farn behi nd:ivith my .vegetable,-.wou.ld be'.a boon, to the, other 'fertilizers' 'arid 'wil use thee ".
writingon account bf sickness,- I take orange.grower and trucker.. hundred tori 'of this- phosphare this Where are the Best Buggies de'
time to write you thar,.the -postmaster.- Prof Serge '.alyvan. of Ocala' season' n alone. If desired other' ma'- .--Tile Pioneer Buggv.'Columl'us,
^--..of-.this- place'hashraised this year a whoseanalysis. we'append, "says that nurses and chemtcals'can tie" mixed 'Ohi'or'receiptof ten certs, vsillend '
-. Kieffer-pear -which weighs one- pound 'over.,6 per-.cent. of thie Belleview, witt* this' hi osophate; but it it -s not vou teir treatise on th' iorse-vhch
_: a nlane- and three fourths ounces soft phosphate is available as plant, necessary to do'so as it furnishes one also:answers the above question.
E--. -_-.-
-A 1-. '_, -- *', ;.. ..-, ', .; '" *-"- % --- -..= ' ;,;.- : -*:-':: .. 2, -_ "'": 4 .- :"*,.% : ,,.
0a. ' 2 ": : ., 5 -'-:: -.- -: .. -:: '.:. -. : :. + .: -:. v r -. -_''4- -- . ,.- = :-' -. ;7 ,,, *' .i!-;-/:"7t-..'2 -5 . .= -.-. .:: .=', ." -'-' x.':%_,- : :. ""-":t=-. -'. :.,? % ..,-'."" .-- ..,._ ' ,g,:-a :. t


Orange Marketing Machinery. Ft. Ogden from which 33,000 fruits
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: or apples were gathered in one year.
If the commission man charged io He did not say what it sold for, but
per cent. or say 25 cents on- a box of at half a cent each, if I make' no mis-
oranges which sells for $2.50, and the take, the profits would be $110o for
freight is 65 cents and the cost of put- one tree. But one-fourth of this from
ting to the depot is 45 cents, what is i,ooo trees annually, would' help a
left for the grower? $1.15. Well, poor man in a few years. Mr.
that is a fair and living price, even Craus is a gentleman whose veracity
plus the 15 cents. Now $2.50 is fully you would not doubt for a momentdid
up to an average for the entire crop you know- him as I do. I also met
just gone forward, and this is one of the Mr. George Rogers, .of Lake Buffum,
,best seasons we have ever bad. who informed me that'he had four
The question up now is, will the small lime bushes not over five years
buyers come. here and buy on this old from which he had sold ,$30 of
25-cent per box margin ? It as a com- fruit in the past year. "ill limes
mission 'man simply advertising and pay under these conditioCiC' You
sending out stencils, he could not, or will answer, I am sure.
would not do business where we fur-.
nished the capital for less than o10 per LEMONS.
cent. in season, will'he be able or Please let me inquire of your readers
willing to send out buyers and employ if the Villa Franca and the Messina
his capital on this io per cent. ? Can are satisfactory fruit? Will some who
we then pay more than this? I think have experience answer, me, for I
not. Can we then for this Io per feel concerned as mine are not bloom-
cent. operate a selling'machinery ? I ing yet on Lake Clinch, while just by
say we can. We want to sell oranges them the Belair Premium is, while the
cheap because we want to sell lots of trees are old enough and have a most
them, and*anything over $2.50 per luxuriant growth on them.
box is not cheap. Anything under
that will not pay for production with A LETTER:FROM CUBA.
a living profit. Having just received a very interest-
--For the last six weeks the sales re- ing letter from Mr. Guillermo P. Gon-
ported by the Exchange in New York zales, in Cuba, I doubt not but some
arid Boston have 'been far less than of your many readers would be inter-
that. So if we take the big prices for ested in its contents. I send a dupli-
the first and last of the season. I don't cate lor publication, minus head notes:

with debts, even those who to the
world at large appear otherwise.
"Believe me sincerely yours,
This gentleman has been a contrib-
uter'to the Louisiana Sugar Planter for
years, and is one of its ablest, having
a' wide experience in sugar..

Questions in Pineapple Culture.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
In your next issue, or at his .earliest
convenience, would Mr. T.' E.
Richards, Indian River, answer for the
benefit of many- the following ques-
tions. I am sure that others like my-
self would thank him:
Si. Is it best to plant the pineapple
slips or suckers as deep in the ground
as possible, and keep the sand from
filling into or over them ?
2. Is potash a good fertilizer com-
bined with cottonseed meal, or do they
require patash ?
3. Is frequent raking about them as
beneficial as it is to most other plants?
4. Is mulching better than frequent
hoeing ? F. W. INMAN.,
In answer to enclosed would say
(i) if slips .are large it is best to
plant deep, but nhot so deep as to allow
sand to get in.. bud. It 'is -best
not to put on potash on young plants;
it is always best to put a little cotton.

Figs, Plums, Pineapples, Lemons,
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
(1) Lsend you by mail to-day a
specimen of fig root which seems to be
infested with root knot, which you
will please examine and: inform me
whether or not it is the genuine root
knot, and if so give treatment.. The .
fig tree was set out about .a' year ago
on fresh cleared land. Cow peas were
planted within five feet of it last sum-
(2) My Kelsey plums which were
set out last spring have made a very
rapid growth. Should they be cut
back, and could the cuttings be suc-
cessfully grown on their own roots?
(3) Would it injure a young grove
to plant iiin sweet potatoes?
, (4) Is .shell lime a. good fertilizer
for sweet potatoes? 'If so how much
per acre should be used and should it
be slaked with brine?
(5) I have pineapples planted in a'
young lemonr g-ro\e. The grove was
set out last spring with two-year-old
budded trees, and the pines are now
commencing to fruit. Would it injure
the grove to fertilize the pines with
salt? .How much salt should be ap-
plied, if at all, and should it be worked
in with scuffle hoe or left on surface?
J.\s. A. GROVES.
".o.banltian, Fla.
(ii. We have forwarded the, speci-
men to the State Entomologist for.ex-

htink we can average more ian .2.o '- Your very esteemed letter of the seed meal in thie bud or heart ol the amination and will publish his report
on common grades, or the bulk of the ;3rd ,, January last came duly to hand plant, as the starchy matter keeps tout when received. Meantinie, for full
crop. So it behooves us to figure that also the clippings from the newspa sand and carries it out of the plant. information on root knot, address the
in the future we must not depend or, pers. Please accept my mo-t sincere 12) There is enough potash on all Director of the Experiment Statior,,
the buyer to come to the'groves, but thanks for your generous and kind in. new ground for the plant until time Lake City, Fla., fol a copy of ,Dr.
for the many reasons often glen be- lurnation .regarding that portion of to form fruit (3 Yes, rakeand hoe Neal's Report on that subject.
fore we must prepare to put our fruit Florida. about the plants often, being careful (2) All deciduous fruit trees in this
into the hands of the trade or into the not t get dirt in the buds. (4) No. climate should be headed low in order
market. I think we want a revised nin haover ntot given upand Ie idea of run- do not mulch them; use the hoe or that they may shade their trunks
method of doing this. ning over to see ou and will let rake; don't wait for weeds; it is work against the hot' sun. Read carefully
The present programme of the E- know before handthat makes fruit. the article on pruning deciduous trees
change is not popniar with the people, "Under a separate envelope I send in the issue of February 19.
and though .1 have tried hard to ac. you a few seed of the Naranja-limelit- (3) We should advise against it.
cept it, I can't quite "see it." I think eral translation "orange lime"), which Notes on Budding. Neals Reort)
there is a much better way to sell our I do not believe you have in Florida. Edit.)r Farmer nd PFradtirower: (See Dr. Neal's Report).
fruit than in only half a dozen of the The juice is sweet and refreshing; it is In Nollie J. DePew's article on 4) Shell lim. would have a certain
great cities at auction, and a plan much liked here and often sells dearer page 143 of your issue of Feb. t9th, value in this case, but principally in
which will command the confidence than the oranges. In eating the fruit speaking of budding trees, she combination with other elements as
and the support of our people, only the pulp is taken, as the thin says, ".'If his stock is five year old cottonseed meal, compost, etc 'Do
WM. F. NEELD. white skin in which the latter is en- he might do well to bud in the limbs, not slake it with brine. A good for-
closed is slightly bitter, as the bark on the main stock will be mula lor sweet potatoes would be,.two
much thicker than it is on the limbs, parts shell lime, six parts cottopiseed -
Polk County Fruit Notes. "I expect togodowntoHavanaand above." To this advice I beg leate meal, two parts sulphate of potash.or -
Editor Falner rad Frunt-Grower: while there I will inquire if there is to say don'/. Furthermore don't saw cottonseed hull ashes.
LMES. any way of sending ou the Malanga the,stks ff in order to get young 5) In your location. between two'
Having just returned from a trip to seed. Any way I will be sure to take sprou o bud o. In a back num be t salt way u India er.and
Arcadia, I was much interested, in some with me on' leaving the island. ber I gate instructions how to bud the Atlantic; your pineapp'ido riot
some items about this fruit I picked up '"Things do not seem to improve here. large trees, but for the benefit of ne\ need any application ol salt ; theie is
on the visit. My brother, S.,B. Carson. I really believe that if Spain closed a subscribers I will tell it again. enough in the atmosphere aid 'the
showed mne a lime ,tree in his garden treaty with the United States to admit ih a sharp knile pare aay the dew. -
'whlich was cut to the ground by the iree sugar under No. 16 Dutch Stand- uter brk ait two inches long b .. -
freeze in 1886l from %lhich lie Las sold ard, this clause Will only beneir this fu inch i insert in the Dzens of immense .wagoh'-loads of--'/--
in one year $30 w:rih of fruit .arind I island,until the States produce enough inner bark i. the u:ual y and oranges in bulk daily pass our door.
noted the tree careful enough to learn sugar to equal the quantity they now er ho l the tk They are sold -to Major McCu6lloc
nixed the tree ,, en ug o .., ,, -matter how large the sto-ck a611 /to M 4 :.oc .
that it was about twelve e'et high and get from here, whether beet, sorghum JK,0. The bud ill,, h tart t'' who.packs and ships then forile
nfft'en in' circumlerenice- a'nd had ocu or cane sugar; and thereafter what will .. most part in carload .lots'to no6r~'ern'
r 1 1" ,- ,,, i ; [ .".. .l r ., all t1irie \ gu r O l t w ater,p riUt t eo t v. o- t ,-.'~, "--N,
- many fornis for'blooms- an'nabuidance bec_ me of tle .Cuban sugars. And, as e t. b ,s .ol markets. Commren'rirg upon' thpian.- .
"d blooms' fuily blown and aileasi far as I can judge.froin the American each stock. In abu wo weeks, if old rsidedrof Eustis said to'ils -.
'eight different ages of fruit, 'some 'ulli newspapers I receive the United Sitaes the buds are alive, saw in on one side day.: "When first came to thigsec-
ipe and 'sonie no-larger 'th'an-i'sitial a en a lair road, to, manufacture all of the ock and bend it ver letn tonand saw these pine'woods-.being
r-ipe --.. a d '. no e 'so and bend letting .vr l.,
buck'-shots, ,wir at least six' srzes in-- te.sqgar hev need forhorne conaump- ,.th the rud-, Do not converted-ioto orangegroVes,TI hoped.-
Y I'erehinig. 'This-place is about'three tton %Wi hin a f,ew years; and may soon. c ,'. ntirelv ff the'-first ear tc) live to see the day twhen-1i V6wo:Ulda.:
m' miless east of Arcadia -.But Sir lif you have a respectable .surplus for exporta- c t belter ti leave it rtwo years i -ee wago loads'of them'broughinto'.
and it k; beerierteae it two years it .-
"wish the highest persimmon rom'.the uon;, while here, the government t.e ck .- town in bulk the same as applesare-
-taHlest tree-in the grove dislodgedou contuem the line o policy that it I,- ': -- F A,- in. the, North .nd'now' that time
-'..mustcall, on'Col -Gcraus,. ot.A~rcadia, has) foloedso faithfully. up to the a-f- has come- and my."wish is fullyrea
ipariner.of laIidsniGrove City,-on the spresnt, the ,creop- s ugari is I kely- to- zed,. I suppose I must oinwi form a'
Gulf. He niorme eEtd,me .at .he- knew dpecrese.l}0-cGnmin 0g yea$s .. AT ^iNbe 1..rS. tufew one for- the: ft ure a'ke
Sa large tree j ot far. I behlee, from Asit itheplantrsa#reoyerwhelmed dresi DA.sLE.'lFBicArr Vh 1 r ,. "' n1:' *..-.. g1.-" '-'
,j.: ; -Aw -" .-;..-5-. ..'. '" ,.g' ;" : :.-- , ." =: , ,


; / 184'

[MAROH 5, 1891


7d fof the ground. Tie several times until
i ilg e (, these shoots reach the top, when they
should be let alone for the rest of the
Twenuty-Five Years' Experience. Keep the ground clean until Sep-
Editor Farmer and Fruit-arower: tember by running a cultivator or dou-
As for works adapted to Florida, ble sweep each way between the rows.
you will find none. At one time I The fall growth of grass and weeds
almost knew by heart Fuller, Hus- will furnish enough vegetable matter
man, Strong, Flagg, and a half-dozen with the addition of annual dressings
others, and tried faithfully to carry of bone and potash to produce a
out their instructions. I soon found healthy growth. Plow the vineyard
it would not do. Their conditions of in January, very shallow, one year
soil and climate are entirely different throwing the dirt from the vines, the
from ours. next to them, and after that the very
Their summers are short, often cool best tool for spring andsummer use is
'and generally wet, consequently they the double sweep, running alternately
recommend planting on the highest each way until the vines cover the
ground, pruning, training, and run- ground.
ning, and summer pinching of laterals After plowing, the second season,
so as to give Illest sunshine to the cut 'all the vines backI to a single cane
fruit. Our summers being long,- often four feet high. Tie securely to the
dry and very hot require that vines be stakes and allow three or four of the
set on lower and moist land for the upper buds to grow, rubbing off all
best results, and an abundance of below. 'Keep clean and let them alone
leaves allowed to grow to protect the allowing all growth to droop down to
fruit from the scorching rays of the the ground at will. If a strong growth
sun., When vines grow as luxuriantly was made the previous season, four or
as ours do, to carry out their instruc- five bunches may be left, taking off
tions in regard to summer pinching the rest. At the. end of the season
alone would take five men to an acre cut back the three or four canes that
and then the job would not be half were left to about three eyes each.
done, for no end of tying up has to be Plow, manure and cultivate as be-
done alone also. fore. This season (the fourth sum-
With your permission I will give the mer) twenty bunches may be safely
cream of over twenty five: years' ex- left to each yine. Repeat these ope-
perience in grape growing in latitude rations, leaving three or four eyes ad-
280 and will warrant success if the in- ditional to each cane and several new
structions are carried out. While the canes each until your vines resemble
grape vine will grow almost anywhere, an open umbrella and about that size
at is a mistake to suppose that it suc- when pruned in the winter. It is not
,ceeds best on the highest ground. 'It necessary to keep the same old canes-
loves moisture as anyone can see from each season. Replace by new ones if
;the health and vigor of the wild vines desirable, trying always to keep the
Athat-line our streams and abound in canes evenly distributed around the
the bottoms. No longer than ten stem.
months ago. I saw Niagara, Prentiss, The greatest danger is from over-
Delaware and other .vines' growing, bearing., It is a good. plan to leave
!luxuriantly in the garden of Mrs. N. only one bunch to a shoot, selecting
N.: Johns, on Galveston Island. These the finest. -In four or, five years the
'vines were loaded with splendid fruit, vines will be very stout and by the
wheh ripe and free from rot or mildew, time the stakes decay will be able to
while not fifty feet away in the street support themselves. .Now, I know
'the waterworks company were laying that some of the scientific vinevardists
their pipe and the open- ditches will ."get- on their- ears" when ,they'
showed standing water within two feet read this and insist on a wire trellis
of the top. Select therefore, if prac- and more room and lots of pinching
ticable, well drained but moist land. and tying, but I can point to. a vine-
Now for planting and training.: yard of forty acres treated thus that
Don't waste labor in subsoiling, but isa magnificent success and the grapes.
plow moderately deep and harrow'.are grown so cheaply that the owner
well. LI-& off the- rows eight feet is getting five cents per pound.
apart each" way, and where each grape- You have got to make up your minds
vine is to stand bore a hole with a post to grow cheap grapes or ypou had bet-
hole augur not less than tWo feet deep. ter let the business alone., Ionce got
In these holes set stout stakes that a ill seventy-five cents per pound and I am
last four or five years.:. Ram well as- glad:now to get ten.
,you fill the hole and when within on : By. training on stakes the whole cul
foot of the top throw in a pii o, b i ne tii'ati.n -can -be. done by. horse as
'dust. Work the sides of the holes in cheaply as. corn or cotton; while if
with the manure, mixing thoroughly trained on a'trellis each:row under the
'so as to leave them about six inches wire nmust':be hand .hoed;' the yires
,de6p and large enough to accommo must be tied up at least 'twice, and
date the roots which should be pruned when you 'come to prune vines on a
to. five or six inches. Cover and firm wire trellis and have to tear loose the
well with the loot. A good dressing dried tendrils that cling with the great
of wood or cottonseed hull ashes est tenacity. you will find that y(u have
around the vines will add to their a big labor bill to iace, and if you
health and growth though not abso- haven't got the patience of lob. a good
lutely necessary until they begin to many cus, words to repent of.
bear. No, as to arieti.-. Flori.da seems
About a month after the vines have to have gone crazy over the Niagara,
started to grow rub off all shoots but aand it is a good earl' gra .e. but don't
the strongest one and tie this to the plant too -many of one kind. For a
stake, which should be four feet out black grape the Ives seedling, while


.^ .: .
I' cE E I SC 0

S POOR-' '.'N, e .

J. E. POOR MAN, Agent,..

Cincinnati, Ohio.
Catalogue. Free. Agents Wanted. .

MA.AOH 5, 1891]



not the best in quality, is fairly good The Seeds of Grapes Indigestible.
when. ripe, and a very early, healthy .The person who eats all of the grape
and prolific kind. For an early red except the skin should be careful and
grape the Brighton is hard to beat in not eat too many-. In every' gripe
quality, while the little Delaware there are two or three hard and good-,
ripens shortly after and always sells, sized seeds, and by the time one has
I would strongly recommend the Pren eaten seventy-five or a hundred grapes
tiss for trial; it is a delicate pink grape, -'which is very frequently done-he
as large in bunch and berry as Niag- has a load of indigestible matter for
aia, just as early, better in quality and his stomach to take care of. The
succeeds perfectly here. By all means seeds are. apt to form themselves into
try' the new "Moyer." It is said to a hard ball, which crowds its wayinto
be larger and similar to Delaware, but 'the intestines, cutting them and pro-
two weeks earlier. For a late grape during death. It is a winder so many
the Triumph is very fine, large, golden escape, it is such a common thing to
and of superior quality. The above eat grapes recklessly; but the human
are all. American varieties and will frame seems to have been made with
make a good market list. Of course a view to the imprudence of its occu-
many others will succeed as well. pant, and for so complex a machine it
Of the foreign grapes, the Chasselas will stand a good deal of bad manage-
family are the only ones that have ment before it breaks down.-Doctor
proven healthy and productive here. Rogers...
I have tested over forty varieties and
can recommend no' others. The Grapes v. Wheat.
Golden and Muscat Chasselas are the Grapes vs. Wheat.,
earliest and best. At the meeting of the Allegan
In shipping, always allow the grapes County Pomological Society, Mich.,
to lie a day to wilt slightly, as the it was stated that grapes at two cents
bunches pack much better. a pound were more profitable than
Now as to enemies. The-birds are wheat at a dollar a bushel.--Popular
bad, but by planting a row of fig trees Gardening.
around the vineyard and exposing I
shallow pans of water here and there, HORSFORD'S ACID PHOSPHATE,
your loss will amount to nothing. Health Tonic.
They will eat the figs and drink the.! Used in place of lemons or in,' juice it
water instead of getting it from the will harmonize with such sti.,a:u'ants as
berries, which is really all they are are necessary take.
after. The leaf-roller is about the only
insect pest and the birds keep him in,
check until the grapes are gone. AH! YOU B EE M AN I
In conclusion: Manure well every -
fall or winter with bone and potash. wA Vostal Will Get Youi
Mapes fruit and vine manure is one of
the very best fertilizers for the vine. Bee Keeping in Dixie.
Cultivate until September, plow shal- 60 Pagesor Piciures and and Prices'
low in winter, don't let the vines over- 'JENK1 a e ARKER, W't.'muripka,'Ala.
bear and lots of money can be .made 3 -
at five cents per pound for grapes. I
M. SNo M&s.v m .,". D 1 I D AIBL '. :BiATTY, Wasbing-
Hitcheock, Texas. ,t n N..J. ,, .- ....


The Oonch Pea.
The Southern field pea is certain
a great blessing to the Southern farm
er. It will grow on the poorest land
and as a fertilizer it cannot be ovei
estimated, being nearly, if not quite
equal to clover; and it will grow an
make a fair crop where clover wouli
not grow at all. Even when the vine
are simply left to rot on the ground(
and are plowed under the next sprint
they prove very beneficial. They cai
also be planted in corn without injur:
to the corn, as they draw their nutri
tion largely from the air, and then ge
two crops from the same land. Field
peas are splendid for fattening hog
and other stock (the usual way of feed
ing them to hogs is'to turn the hogs o0
the peas); and some varieties of th,
field peas are very good for the tabli
also and they are very prolific.
After having raised the conch -pea
for some years I find them to be th,
best of all the Southern field peas,, ant
not only the best butb far superior ti
the best of all others. They are si
much appreciated wherever they ar
known tobe the genuine (I sas the gen
uine because, much as it is to be re
gretted, a great majority of the farmer
that obtained some of them planted
them right with their other peas unti
their stock-has become mixed with a
sorts of peas).
They are the best for feeding be
cause they are the most prolific; the
are the best for fertilizing purposes, no
only because they are the most prolific
but also because they distribute their
vines more evenly over the whole
ground as they send them in every d
reaction like watermelon- tines. Fo
the same reason they are the best fo
planting in corn, as the\ do not brea
it down by climbing on the corn lik
the other vines do. as very few of their
ever climb on anything..
For the table they are without
peer. They are even preferred t
beans tby some, a'ev: by s",:o .V r/,r
people: and they are good used a
snap beans while they are. young an
shelled after they get ripe; and a
.they are white. their, color is not ol
ejected to by anyone.
The only objection to the conc
peas is their lateness. They must b
". planted early, as it .-takes about th
same length of time to grow andd m
ture a crop of them as it takes to grol
and Imature a .crop. of corn; but-the
.should' .not. be' .planted---nearer tha
every otier hill'.in every other row
that is, one hill of peas to four hills
corn, if-planted for vines mostly. Bi
if planted forjthe pea' only. the usu;
w.ay-is to plant them SLxteen and oni
S-half feet apart each. iay, mainaigg 16
ills per acre, and to thin to one-vin
to.each hill. .
-''To ihe a6yei' I'i illndd that I krio
"'.-thfat in are'the genuine conch pes
-fo- i.arm 'th .one that inftrodubced theta
i ;.1. s disJtic-i 'land I fi.hav net 'them in-: the same -field--wit
1.o-lher .peas, except:'-such as I..wante
for feed.

When, Where and How to Plant
editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
From the number of questions I
have received about when, how and
y where to plant cassava, etc., I should
judge the circulation of the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER was increasing at
, a tremendous rate, for it has not been
r- long since directions were given in
*y9ur columns how to produce the cas-
d sava.
However, if ye editor will insert
the following general directions your
s humble servant will be relieved of a
I somewhat laborious task.
g When do I plant cassava?
n From December to the first of May
and even later if the stalks are large ;
Y in fact, since the roots will remain in
the ground for years and continue to
t increase in size, .it matters but little
j when it is planted in South Florida.
s The above specified time is the best
- where the frost kills the tops.
n How do I plant it ?
e Thoroughly pulverize the soil not
e more than four inches deep ; plant in
squares four and a half feet apart.
s If the. soil is rich, five feet; if poor,
e only four feet apart each way.
S.What kind of fertilizer and how
0 much ?
o The following formula will be found
e good for pine land : Ammonia, 4 to 5
. per cent.; potash, 2 to 4 per
cent. ; phosphoric acid, 12 to 15 per
s cent. From two to four hundred
j pounds per acre, according to quality,
I will keep the fertility of the soil up.
I] Where do I plant ?
Anywhere that is not too wet,
- white sand scrub excepted.
y When do I harvest it ?
,t Just when wanted to feed or eat or
nor more than forty-eight hours be-
r fore ; the roots will not keep out of the
e ground. If buried immediately they),
. will kep longer.
r Is it profitable to raise ?
*r Yes, decidedly. I have been feed.
k ing irom one-fourth to whole rations,
e the product of nine months' growth of
m one acre, to fifteen hogs, filty hens
(including the "big red rooster"),
a two mules, six ordinary mortals and
o !wo Yankees for four months.
. Do I keep it for sale ?
al No. not the roots. As for the seed
d stalks-well, thank you, I don't care
s to have the valuable information given
above go into the waste basket, so I will
ask you ic wait your turn and I will
h send you a postal card as soon as Un-
e cle Sam has time to print some more.
-Box 75 Euitls, Lr-keCouriy, ,Fla
"- .
w Berries and Truck in South Ala-
y :bama.
n Ed'nO Farmer and Fru-i-Orower.
' The prospect for a fruit crop isgood
)f. so far. No.strawberries.shipped yet.
it other- than -1 have been able to pick
il -some nice ripe Stevens that escaped
e- the. frost. -The steady cold of Decem-
p ber and January has. had abad effect
ie -on.'Jall-.set'cabbage. The heads, now
a the. weathe-r is w armn rnd in ist, are
w loosening '-p- and bursting;- m.-king
Ir many.unfit to ship. Tne spring plant.
,ng,-is growing off nicely. -
er: _Aeage in the, increase;
.h: st,raivbe'dries -nea rl double. New
'd kinds 6offruit:'are -beingtried. Even
the wonderful wineberry is being tried.


Grapes do well, and the most profita- rience in this matter is the master of
ble is the Champion. It is very early, science. Proceed, then, to- select, if
productive and ripens all over at once; available, a piece of virgin soil, damp,_
does not drop -from the branch like yet not wet, and mellow with the ac-
many others. Quality is poor but cumulated humus of ages. If this be
nevertheless brings the highest market not available, select a piece of land as
prices, nearly aproximating to these condi-
It is claimed that the Green Moun- tions as possible. Let the bed have a
tain is as early as the Champion and southern exposure, and after clearing
of better quality. But I do not think, off the trash and rubbish, cover it
even if it is all true, it will be a profit- thickly with brush and dry wood, lay- :
able grape to grow for market. The ing first:a few poles over' the ground
color is against it. We have found to permit of the access of air from be-
that black grapes sell and low. Take care to have abundance ..
bring money. The Walters of material to burn, as the object is
is a fine -grape, as early as Hartfoid, to destroy al' grass and weed seeds,
very productive, but, owing to its grubs and insects in or near the s-tir-
greenish color, a poor grape to sell. face; and to accomplish this, th+ fire
Those expecting to plant for market should be:a fierce one and be lasting. -
should examine the claims of the Let thelhor ash tleaii ri1. the bed
Champion or Talman, as it is some- for some time alfte e firehas burncied '-
times called. It is being planted more down, and then rake' off: the unib'urnt
and more every year, all over the wood and break the surface finely with
country. JULIUS SCHNADELBACH. a hoe. Do not stir it too deeply, as
GrandBay, F.eb. 23, 1891. the plants are not- intended to stay
*6 there so long as to recfie deep root-
Two Pole Beans for Florida. there so longaske to require, ad iot-
Editor 6'armer and Fruit Grower: ing. Rake the surface fine, and in.
The first we wish to bring to noti c rporate te corporate the burnt ashes well i it.
is the old "Florida Butter.Bean.-" It: ftheland is not virgIn soil, at wil
has been grown as far back as the very likely, require, the applcation of
memory of the oldest inhabitant by some -good siintilatrn4 lertii.!ers to
the natives, and it is one of the most encourage quick growth. There aie -
prolific beans that has come to our special prep.fira.iuis of fertilrs pur
notice. When bearing the iries are up for this purpose, some ot which
fairly covered with short, wide p,ds are advertised min ur columns. Speak-
of good flavor when cooked, each pod ng generally, this special fertilizer
containing three or four good sized should d be rich in potash and ar,imri-
Hlat beans nia. Ka.itaud sulphareol ammrronia,
The second is a comparatively new or nitrate of soda, will be prp.rpr sub-
bean for the South, although it has stances to use to secure the be-t re
been grown North for several years suits. The fertilizer should -be well
It bears the name of Lazv Wife's w-'rked into the surface soil and
Pole Bean." but is deserving f a bet. the bed be raked fine and le- vel.
ter c:gnoinen. The originator named The seed should be at once sown,
and be rolled or trodden into the
it thus on account of its immense pro and be rtodn o he
ducrieness, making it an easy matter around. This will be all the cover-
to gather sufficient fr:,r a meal, and rhe ing needed' to secure germination.
ease with which it is cooked. Pods In sowing the seed, it should be
are of a medium dark-green color and mixed with dry ashes and be sown
are from four to six inches in length, bototh way) to ensure equal distribution.
and up to the time they are foull, ripe A heaped tablespoontul of .seed will
retain their rich, tender. stringless .sow twenty square yards. After the
qualities. Tihe also make an excel. bed has been rolled, with.brush
lent -hell bean for winter use, each or plant-bed muslin, to remain until a -.
pod containing six or eight beans. re plants are large ei-tigh. to be sae ..
Both varieties of these h.eans have irom the v.-S r i/,,
one good quality that them On the land where the plants are
especially valuable for Florida. It is set out our Florida authorities recom.-
well known that. althhuh rr.ot of rhe friend only barnyard manure, comprost
varieties of Lima and other pole beans and cottonseed real.- ,,
make good vines and bloom profusel l .rlen .de New -
they do not set well until very late in Melons-Old Friendaws.Jnder. New-
the season. VWith these it is different, Names, :--s
tests the past ear showing tha the comparison of varieties discovers
bloom seis at the beginning of the ma-ny -old acquaintances.; under new 3
season. These are valuable varietiess names. The "-sugar loaf" melon -has .
for home use and near by market only, been.giowing in Georgia and Alabama.
as they come in too late for shipment. for nearly half a century,.-and.hascoi/.,-
H. G. HArTiNS. tinuously sustained a high .characI r
Interiacnen. F. lor. productiveness and,. .exceent
*: qualify. It came- to us from eds- ,
Tobacco Beds. man three years ago, .as .' J rdan's.-
Those intending to raise tobacco Gray' Monarch. .-Last., year .Ji was -
should at once prepare .and. sow the. extensively advertised -.under the at-
plant-bed. Ami.dst-all. the various tractive- name o1 "Seminole whi'ich.'
changes-effected and proposed. in the was not -only identical, re,-.s-.
methods of raising crops through the pect, with.the old sugar loaf, but" piog'.=
application of the teachings of science duced the same sport6-a'me-lotpf tihe--
and experiments to agriculture,, this same-torm,. but of a darker, gray.' In.i p
prepare ng of the, plant-bed for tobacco SSS the .Kplb Gem came to. us as.:
raising stands almrost-alone in its :old- .:-New.Ro6und Excelsior ,:.,,The 'sAme
fashiouied method, the results ofex-pe -vear almost a lac-simile of- the raftle-.
riments having shown that in ud'other snake came,un.der th a;meo 'Mamn-:
than :the old method can tobacco. ioth.-Ironclad.' ThTsiieac-rbe d2-
plants be successfully raised. y. Exp-.. ratdlesnake come. 'The' Wild.--,


For shipping, no other variety cornm-
pates With the Kolb Gem. For home
Use, there are several varieties superior
to it, being of finer flavor and- having
tmote tender flesh. Among these are
the Cuba, 8ugar loaf, Florida Favorite
and Pride of Georgia. The Cuba is
known in Georgia under the local
nadtes of "Tinker," "Simpson" and
"Kirkpatrick." It -is the sweetest
frnelon grown, but is too small for
t-adrket. The Georgia rattlesnake
possesses fine qualities when fully de-
veloped, but has a tendency to grow
in irregular shapes. The stigar loaf is
probably the ttiost prolific variety yet
tested. Watermelofis tross s'o readily
that a patch of /v,''.:,'L,".s is rarely
seen on our farms. This station will
distribute, during 'the winter, a few
pure Cuba and sugar loaf tielon seed;
-and some Nixon carntal.-uIti seed, for
trial in different .parts of the State.-
Ala. Ex. Station Bulletin...

Fodder Pulling and Cutting Tops.
.*:A number of experiments with fod-
der-pulling-and cutting the tops were
conducted to see the effect on the
-yield in grain. -There was no percep-
tible in.:rese or decrease in a field
where the top: were cut. Four one-
tenth acre plots were topped at differ-
ent stages of the growth of the ear,
commnenciric as joona as the ear was
fei utilized and ending w hen, the grains
were in the dough .state. There was-
an increase in-yield where no fodder
was pulled, averaging about four
bushels .per: acre on four bone-tenth
acre plots, taken in different parts of
the field and -on:different characters
of land. \Vhen labor is hired to pull
the fodder there is a loss of $1 50 per
acre and oft.n more.-F.a. Ex. Sta.-
The farmers and market gardeners
of South Carolina should bear in mind
that the tariff duties on onions and
Irish potatoes have been increased to
a point that will practically shut out
importations of these vegetables here-
after and so far increase the demand
of the home products. There is no
good reason why South Carolina farms
should not furnish the main supply for
South Carolina markets at least, and
it is very probable that the first ship-
ments to the North next -season will
command unusually high prices. Try
a small crop of potatoes and onions,
for once. The prospect is lair for a
profitable venture.- Chas. .\'ews.
Here is a Chance to Make Money.
I bought a machine for plating gold,
silver and nickel, and it works
-splendid. When people heard about
it they brought more spoons, forks and
jewelry than I could plate. In a week
I. -made $33. 5. and in a month
.$172.50. ,IMy daughter made $31 in
frve days. You can get a Plater-for
$' from \V. H. Griflfith & Co., Zanes.
;ille, O ioi, _and will, we trust,.be ben-
efited as much as I have been.
R. M. GrA.
A clergyman, after years aoi ~ufferlng from
that loahtrome d.ea' -i."oaarrh. and vainly
trying et-ry know .r-maoy, at last ioi-nd b
.preseriplan wrtcr ''umpi-iely 'cured- and
saved hjm-irora ,ufferer.from this
dreduiful dlara-e ,-udiln5'a Seli-.idreberia
,.stamped enveope 1to Proi. J. A. Lawrence, 8S
Warvea street,. New Yora, wIlL receive the
recipe tree of. charge. -
. ". SE -.-..


Notes, .
Editor Farmer and FPrtlt-4'ot0rer.
The dry weather for the past month
has been a good time for young chick-
ens in Florida, and, no doubt, many
have improved it. No time should be
'lost in getting eggs under hens or in
an incubator, if you have one. Any
of the smaller varieties, if hatched in
March, will commence to lay when
your year old fowls will be moulting;
their eggs will bring a good price, and
the proceeds will buy the feed for the
whole flock until all begin again; and
then youth can count on a surplus over
and above feed.
When your hens are laying well then
is the time. to feed strong, for they will
use up the feed in producing eggs and
not fat. A correspondent in the Fan-
cter's fournalsays he feeds three quarts
of grain a day to twelve, fowls, and
admits it is a large allowance; but says
the fiumber of eggs laid is responsible
for it: Prior to their laying he feeds
but one and a half quarts per day.
The rations were as follows: One quart.
of bran, one pint of corn meal,. one
pint, ground oats and one quart of
wheat or corn additional. Average
per week, four and one-quarter eggs
per hen.
Miss Helen Williams, editor of the
Ladies' Dpaartment of the Poultry-
A.'cer, gives her experience in feeding
greri bone 'as prepared by the
ilann Mllls, which does not grind,but,
, ith numer.:,us knives, chisel shaped,
shaves the.-bone. When green bone
can-:be htad cheaply and one keeps
many fowls or other meat-eating stock,

fact. We believe the bone is of ad-
vantage, to broilers, having given it to'
a pen ten weeks old, instead of the
usual amount of bone meal which is
too often miserably offensive
stuff. Mr. Mann is the only maker of
the machine that will grind green bone,
and we predict great things for it in
the near future."
*** .
If you are hatching the young of the
feathered tribe you want to study how
to prevent the least possible mortality,
for some will die irrspite of all you oan
do. I once hatched sixty-two chicks
at one time and raised every one to
maturity, but only once. The old
practice of feeding corn meal and hard
boiled eggs has been discarded long
ago, One of the first requisites is to
have your food well cooked, all but
the eggs; if you feed eggs give them
in a raw state. I am using Spratts
prepared food or crisiel, as it is called.
It .is a prepared meat biscuit well
cooked, and will keep for years, I
should say. This is too large for very
young chickens, so I grind it quite
fine. This cracked wheat and oat meal.
;(all dry) I feed until old enough to eat-
.whole wheat. Once-a day I break two
;eggs in a pint of Spratt's food ground
fine and sutr all well together; This
I give to xoo chicks under three weeks
old. Raw eggs. will correct bowel trou-
ble in chicks, and if fed daily will usu-
ally prevent it. Animal f:od and bone
meal and ground shell should tic given
occasionally; and' always plenty of
fresh clean water; just'as 'soon as you
commence to feed chicks they should
have water, many writers to the con-
trary notwithstanding. We have tried
both ways; but nov give water as soon
as they learn to eat. ,- -

a mill will soon pay lor itself. I con- Ormond, Fla.. Feb 21, i.9t.
sider it cheap at three cents per pound. *
After being prepared it makes good The New York Show.
dog and cat blood: ., Ir t Far-u,,ra.rj Cun-i rower.
"The value of green bone is not The great New York Poultry Show
sufficiently estimated among poultry is over and the Fanciers' /'.ur-nal is
raisers. Our egg record shows the fol- before us with a full description and a
lowing increase aftcr using green bone list of the winning birds. Over 2c-,ooo
ground in Mr. Mann's mill: Before visitors were in attendance. Fuileen
using the bone, 54 eggs were laid. 'thousand dollars' worth of stock
After tivo weeks use, IS3 eggs from changed hands up to Tuesday morn.
the same flock, and, after three weeks ing and singlespecimens sold for$ t5o.
use. .2o eggs were laid in fourteen One man purchasedover $, oo worth
da s b, the same flock. Thev are a of stock. The sight in the evening
mixed lot of nerns, the various crosses was described as grand, the electric
of pure breeds, and we are much lightsadding brilliancy to the occasion.
pleased to notice rhe fertility of the A band played afternoon and evening,
eggs, having ample opportunity to test and the fowls did not interrupt the
them in incubators. W\e feed middlings, harmony in the least. The Wyandottes
steamed clover and bran, alternating made a truly magnificent display and
this with cooked oat meal and an early the Goldens took the lead. The prize
noon ration of ,green bones,and believe, bird was of the open centered or light
we have found a perect egg-producing type, just the reverse to the Charles
and inexpensive leed.. The hens hate ton show. This is as it should be and
access to flint- and oyster shell, but will go a good ways towards making
seem 'to require but little of it and a them popular.
soft-shelled egg is unseen. The in- Leghorns were there in immense
tense red combs and bright eyes indi numbers, and the Langshan' has nor
cate the health of the flock. \Ie never' I'st its popularity. Last, but not least,
fed a flock so inexpens %e or had so. was the grand display 01o Indian Gafes.
many eggs. We shall try the experi-. It was the feature of the show. Many
meit of feeding the ground bone heav- imported birds of well known-reputa-
ily ito one flock of Light Brahmas and tion on theother sidecame to compete
abstaining from the use ol it in anoth-, for first honors.and riot a few went
er, and shall then test the fertility of away with disappointment,; but the
the.. eggs.- We know-the.cranks will honor was di% ided. The correspond-
say, feed has ,nothing o.-do -.with the ent, speaking of this class, says:-
-fertility of the-egg. Excuse me, it has, "Take the class, as a whole,. the ex-
we have thoroughly demonstrated this hibit of C- A. Sharp & .Co., P. A,.

Webster, J. D. Wilson,. Sand-acre
.farm and .a few others was simply su-
ijerb, and it was no discredit to be a
loser in such company." 'We are
promised a further report on this class-
next week.
The Indian Game has come to stay,
and there are good reasons for its being
popular. First,- its the best fowl.we
have for broilers, either a cross or pure
(when they are more common). They
are handsome in plumage, hardy, very-
early to mature, and peculiarly adapt-
ed to our: own sunny clime, because
?of their beihg so closely and sparsely
feathered. \V'hen pullets, without
extra feed, will weigh six pounds at
six months old it shows they are extra
for market, and :their flesh -is said to
be the best. From their laying quali-
ties we have no. particular record.
Our pens are keeping 'well up with
our Leghorns, Langshans, etc..7 None
are quite equaF to our duck brigade
and we do not expect it. Forty Pekin
ducks average thirty-three eggs per
day and are as regular as idlock work.'
We: don't see why they should- not
be the most sought after of any. fowl
in this State, for Florida is noted for
its witer supply. .While this' is not
necessary onlyas a labor-saving device,
for if they have no place wv here they can
help thenselves,they must be supplied,
and they want it: often and -plenty.-
of it Being free from. vernmin and
alir.,-st from disease, it is
a larje item to consider, and often
determines the percentage of profit
and loss. E. \V. AMISDEN.
Ornond on-the-Hallfax, Feb 15, 191 :

Yellow Legs.
X\e firmly believe, and that belief is
confirmed by experience, that the soil
has an immense influence on retaining
the -ellow cul,:,r of the legs or in
bleaching them. Grass will grow on
any soil, clay, loam, chalk, peat,gravel,
sand, etc., yet the quality of the grass
will be very different on each, and
naturally on a light or sandy, gravelly
,or chalky soil the verdure becomes
more quickly dried up in hot summer
weath-r, and consequently the mois-
ture i which is the sine qua non, in our
opinion, of retaining the brightness of
the color) is wanting; whereas on a
stifl or heavy soil the grass retains it.
To bear out our argument, it is well-
known that on heavy soils the grass
remains wet much longer alter rain
than it does on light soils. Again, as
a rule the grasses that grow on sandy
or chalky soils are generally of a very
poor quality, totally different from that
on stiff ground, and we are bound to
say that we attach as much importance
to the. quality of the grass as to the
nature of the subsoil. Pastures that
have been well manured and the bot-;
tom thick and close, will retain a great
amount of moisture, and -is just the -
thing for yellow.legged birds to run on.
\VWeare somewhat .surprised that none
of our correspondents have' spoken
about the richness of the. pasture as-
affecting the color, and we.firmly, be-
lieve :that where. the' land his been
heavily) iniaured and .yell-- tended in
such a manner as a farmei-does to the
fields. Irom which he. gets his prime
meadow hay,..there is no difficulty- in
keeping the legs the most brillian'.yel.
low.---.. '

MARCH 5,.18911




rARu1,.3-4 .. .z.

M tRECH 5,1891.

P. 0. Address, Lawtey, Fla.

Publications Received.
U. 8 Department of Agriculture; report on
numbers and values of farm animals;January
and February, 1891.
Review of the Situation on. the Gulf Coast
Respecting the Matter of a Government Dry
Dock, with a presentation' of Pensacola's
claims. W.D. Chipley.-
Canebrake Ex; Station. Uniontown, Ala-
bama, Bulletin No. 10. W. H. Newman, Di-

There are letters at this office for
"W." and ."Nicol," care FARMER

The pressure upon the editorial col-
umns this week compels us to omit a
good. deal of the market report.

We would call the attention of our
readers desiring to purchase pianos or
organs to the advertisement of the well-
known and long-established house,
Ludden'& Bates, Savannah, Ga.

Heavy hang the 96s on the growers'
necks; they will sink some of them if
they are not careful. They aie a
drug in all -markets fast now. In a
few weeks-the knowing ones say-
there will be& a, scarcity of oranges,
then they may be in demand. If they
are .getting ''airy" so fast that, they:
will not keep two or three weeks
longer on the trees, it is quite possible
that the owner would save money. by
burying them under the trees instead
of shipping them.
From all directions come ac,:ounts
of the most remarkable bloom that
the State has witnessed for some years,
especially of deciduous truit trees.
The steady cold of last winter was
favorable to this class of trees by pro-
ducing defoliation and a hibernation
or resting of the trees. If no more
severe frost occurs, we shall have
Peento peaches, almonds and apri-
cots, only to deceive the hopeful and
delude them into a still further trial
of these treacherous fruits, most va-
rieties of which are unsuited to regions
of pronounced frost danger, especially
in North Florida.

In another column will be found the
crop statistics of Florida for the past
year. Hen. L. B. Wombwell, Com-
missioner.of Agriculture, kindly sent
us advance proof of these statistics, but
the .next m. morning, we found them in
;the Savannah Vews.. It is a little hu-
S miliating to.a newspaper man of any),
*spirit to find an important item of gov,
ernment information in a paper out-

side of the State before it appears in
any Florida journal. We attach a
high value to these statistics when care-
fully collected, and we hope the State
authorities, as well as the County As-
sessors will use every. exertion to make
them more and m6re searching and
accurate every year.

Our personal observations of the
effects of the recent, frost are confined
to Bradford county. No fruit tree:
blossoms were injured at all. About
.twenty-five per cent. of the blossoms
and small berries were blasted on the
strawberry plants, with many local
variations caused by slope of ground,
dampness, forest protection or the
opposites. Peas were thrown down
by the hard winds, and the bloom and
small pods on top were blasted, but
underneath there was little or no injury
done. A few Itish potatoes were up
and, being very tender, they were cut
down to the ground,,, but will come
right on again. The loss of strawber-
ries is trifling, since many plants were
overloaded and the fruit remaining
will make good the loss in increased
size. An immediate application of a
pinch of quick-acting- fertilizer to each
plant, thrown right on the mulching,
would be beneficial.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower;
Your editorial, "Picking and Ship-
ping Strawberries," in your issue of the
19th. just received, containssiuclrprac--
tical and sensible, advice that we
commend it to every grower and.ship-
per in your State, and wish every
berry grower in Florida would read it
and be governed by it in the future.
It is the best column and a hall' we
ever read on the subject, and vwe hope
it has not appeared for the last time.
It is brief, practical, and to the point,
and we cannot permit it to pass with-
out a few words of approval.
P. M. KIELV & CL )
tt L,,ui, Mo.
Work for March.
IRISH PorATOF.s.-May still be planted
with profit -tfor the Northern market (un-
less the season should be uncommonly
early and warm), and especially to
keep for home use through the sum-
mer. Floridiarts ought to get rid of the
idea that potatoes for seed must be'
brought down from the North every
year; when grown with plenty of the
right, kind of manure there is no reason
for their "running out Where peas or
other crops have been frosted, potatoes
may still be planted instead; use Mapes
Potato Manure or a rich compost or cot-
tonseed meal containing ten' per cenut
hardwood ashes or five percent: sulphate
of potash. Plantatc least sixinches deep,
or so that they will be six inches deep
(with the ground not ridged) when the
covering'is all on. Potatoes must. be
made .to produce tops enough to.shade
the ground,comi lately when the weather'
gets hot; an Irish potato growing in hot
soil is almost certain to. have the rot.
Potatoes spread in a thin layer in a cool,

dry place, will keep very well through
the summer and save the expense of buy-
ing for the table. If planted an inch
deep on mellow land, then covered six
inches deep with mulching, they will in the hot days of. April and
make a fair crop, though not so heavy as
when cultivated.
SWEET POTATOES.-There is nothing
like having plenty of early plants for
setting; we have less confidence. in the
use of pieces of vines. If not put out yet
the seed potatoes should be bedded at
once. See last month's directions as to
CoRi.-The delicate sweet varieties
are rather treacherous in the Florida
sand. but sweet corn can be raised here.
and no good gardener should allow him-
self to be contented with the inferior Ad-
ams' Early or the common field corn.
Purchase seed of an honest dealer which
is fresh and sound, (there are such deal-
ers in Florida), plant two or three times
as much seed as each hill requires.
Wait until the ground is well
warmed, run a furrow six inches deep,
drop the kernels in it before it dries out,
cover two or three inches deep and tramp
on the hill or pack it hard with the' hoe
-or run a roller over it. Apply the c1dm-
post, or cottonseed, or commercial lertil-
izer liberally in the furrow the whole
length before planting and stir it in; do
not place it all in a pinch atthe hill, for
then the roots will soon grow out beyond
it, the plant will consume it all for fol-
iage, and about the time it is needed
most for the formation of the ear the sup-
ply will be exhausted.
VEGETABLES.-SOw quick growing va-
rieties of beets and radishes; the French
Breakfast, of the latter; the Early Egyp-.
tian and early Blood, of the former. The
one thin"." demanded in a market beet is
that it shall be of a deep brilliant, red
and round or rounlish, other qualities are
secondary. The Egyptian is coarse but
early and sell well.
Sow celery for cutting; the Boston
Market or the Mexican Solid. (See
directions for sowing by B. H. Alden in
number of February 19). It can be
brou-ht on rapid y with liquid manure,
r sofap suds with a little nitrate of soda
dlissolved in it, 'and be blanched ready
for the table bi-fore the rainy season
Cettuee may be grown all the year
round, though it. is trouble in the
summer. Make the he soil very rich and
mellow; sow broadcast and transplant
when large enough to ten inuche apart in
the row, rows a foot apart. Hastings
recommends the Improved Hanson;
Frotscher, the Cabbage.
Plant pole beais late this month; Lima
beans are extremely likely to rot. when
the .around is damp and cold. Beans will
come up sooner it placed with the ey:
downward. The Sourhern- Prolific pro-
duces in clusters excellent snap beans in
n) days alter planting'. The "'lazy wife's
pole bean" is a very prolificc variety, and
an old Southern stand-by. Henderson's
Bush Lima' is a novelty very highly
spoken of. Our readers should try ift in
a small .way. as the Lima and other pole
beaus are one of the very few things that
can be grown through the rainy season.
Squash. cucumbers, melons and okra
can he planted; though ftorokra the same
advic'- as given, for Lima beans will
apply. Early varietiesofpeas may still be
planted, and succeed well, if ihery are
plautr at Nast six inches deep. People
not accustomed to Florida sand seldom'
get their peas deep.enough to keep them
trom "firing."
* An experienced gardener says that the
cabbage fly will not attack cabbage or:
cauliflower plants, which: are' in boxes,
two feet above the ground. :
'Tomatoes, egg plants and 'peppers cani
be set out in the open round, andseed'
sown for a later crop. set out a. row'of
tomatoes along the north side 6f-a board'
fence,'keep ithe laud well drained add'
shade them a.little with brush; the rainy:
season will not.,kill them down so quickly.
Beans are hard to'kee'in this climate-'

and therefore very few are planted for
shelling purposes. With a little' care,
howeveri,- they can be kept, but they
ought not to be planted before the 1st of
August, so that they may ripen after the,
rainy season. When the season is favor-
able leave them out until dry; gather
the pods and expose them a few days to :
the sun. It is best to shell them at
once, and after they are shelled put them
.to air and sun again tor a few days longer.
Sacks are said to be6 better to keep them
in than boxes or barrels. Beans raised
in spring are hard to keep; if intended
for seed they should be put up in bottles
or tin boxes and a little camphor sprin-
siled between them.
String beaus, especially of the wax
varieties,properly harvested and shipped,
are one ot the prime articles of demand
in the North. They are a little hard to
ship, and we believe the man who has a
thoroughly good lot of beans will never' -
regret the extra expense of a good refrig-
erator car. : -
CowPEAs.--tSee article on the Conch
pea on another page). This variety pos-
sesses the advantage of growing all sum-
mer and keeping, the ground cooli and:
moist. Neither this ,-nov any other kind
should be planted in an orange grove or
an orchard of deciduous trees; they will
breed the root knot.
RICE.-The Yengen variety which was
imported from China into Florida some :
_ears ago, was found to be an excellent
variety for upland culture. It was tested
in Mississippi,: and- we believe also in-'
this State; and in Mississippi it was
found that on good corn land it would
produce'sixty or 'seventy bushels per
acre. It was planted in hills like corn,-
ten or twelve inches apart and the rows:
two and a half or three feet apart, and : ,
cultivated several times.. Rice may be
planted from the middle to the last of
this month, and again in June. Flor-
idians ought to give the same careful
culture and manuring to their upland
rice that the people of the Northwest do
to corn. It is the wheat of Florida. but
farmers ought to disabuse themselves of '--..::
the idea that ri,:e will do well as wheat
does without cultivation. If cultivated ;
and manured as well as coin is, it will
yield twice as much per acre in Florida
as corn does, and it is worth more,
bushel for bushel, than that grain, even
if there is no mill at hand to clean it.
SUGAR CANE..-This may be planted
vet, also cassava. If they have sprouted,
handle carefully.
PEARL MILLET.-This is a valuable
forage plant. Sow in drills three or four -
feet apart, manure heavily and cultivate
Assessment and Tax Laws.
Ediitor Farmt-r and Fruilt-Grower:
The State Legislature meets in a few
weeks and there should be a general
pressure brought to bear upon our
lawmakers to secure a revision of our
assessment and tax laws. In time past
writers for your.paper, who had given
much intelligent study to the matter,
have contributed stirring articles on
the subject. I have forgotten who
they are and the dates of their writ-
ings, and hope the same ones r others
who can show up iii a true light' our
present absurd, not to say disgraceful, /
laws will do so without further delay,
and, as before, suggest "the proper ..'
changes. No doubt' county officers. -
have a-difficult task to perform their'
duties under present laws, but it'seems
that besides 'that trouble there -is. .
great deal of indolence and disposition,
to do as little as possible while draw-
ing the salaries, .fees,, etc, So, taken'
altogether, there is 'a state of affairs -:
existing that I prefer t lea1e',t6-others.
better able .to .characterize. it .as it-"
should be done. \Ve must-not allow.-
the present stupid system of taxation'
to continue. W. E. DRISCQLL. .
Manatee, Fla. -

*" ,-a


rMiRca 5, 18911


MAR0H 5, 1891]

SAgricultural Statistics.
Below will be found an abstract of the
consolidated tables of agricultural statis-
tics collected for the year 1889 by the
Bureau of Agriculture, showing the
acreage, product and value of each crop
for the entire State. The tables them-
selves give the results by counties, and
will appear as an appendix to the bien-
nial report of the Commissioner of Agri-
culture :
Cotton (upland): Acres, 185,991; bales,
41,879; value, $1,728,409.41.
Cotton (Sea island): Acres. 101,292;
bags, 83,892; talue, $1,191,966.71.
Corn: Acres3 875,869; bushels, 8,809,-
110; value. $2,216,525.81.
Oats: Acres, 61,926: bushels, 568,706;
value, $340,778.66.
Sweet potatoes: Acres, 15,284; bushels,
1,627,767; value, $698,688.65.
Sugar Cane: Acres, 7,472; barrels syr-
up, 50,879; value, $508,559.81; pounds
sugar, 1,891,693; value, $121,544.80. To-
Stal value, $625,104.11.
Rice: Acres, 1,642; bushels, 27,179;
value, $27,970.45; '
Field Peas: Acres, 18,989;- bushels,
1823805; value, $153,948.05.
Hay: Acres, 3,124; tons, 4,944; value,
Millet: Acres, 78; tons, 218; value,
$1,984.70. .
Peanuts: Acres, 89.284; bushels, 549,-
719; value, $591,865.45.
Tobacco: Acres, 764; pounds, 275,204;
value, $58,848.55. .
Total value of field crops, $7,700,959.80.
NoTE: The Commissioner remarks, in
connection with the above returns on to-
:bacco, that the total product reported by
the assessors is far below the carefully
prepared reports of experts, which show
a total product of 1,777,000 pounds, .val-
ued at $444,250.
NO., 2
Irish Potatoes: Acres, 1,618; bushels,
40,588; value, $58,986.90.
Cabbages: Acres, 2.288; barrels, 147,-
319, value, $245.732.9';.
Tomatoes: Acres, 4,309; boxes, 501,524;
Value, $314,79.98.
S Squashes: Acres, 207; barrels, 7,880;
value, $9,361.50. -
Egg Plants: Acres, 110; barrels, 4,829;
value, $12,525.50.
Cucumbers: Acres. 765: crates, 65,341;
value. $60.282.05.
Watermelons: Acres, 2.591); car loads,
1,420: value, $92,915.30.
English Peas: Acres. 94: ,rate:, 4.5330;
value, $6,334.75.
Beets: Acres, 91; crates. 2.w85: value.
Beans: Acres, 798: crates, 83,965; value,
Total value of vegetable and garden
. products, $871,391.82.
FRC7ir CROP-'-N). 3.
Oranges: Bearing trees. 1,841',9.51: non-
v bearing trees. 4,89'6,101; numberof boxes.
2,596,743; value, $2,624,905.19.
Lemons: Bearing trees, 16,927; non-
bearing trees, 74,690; number of boxes.
12,275; value, $19,835.45.
Limes: Trees, 13,000; boxes, 6,454;
value, $2,605.33.
S Grape Fruit: Trees, 9,477; barrels,5,034:;
value, $9,525.03.
Pineapples: Number, 1,7'1.630: value,
$117, 129.10..
Bananas: Bunches, 2*,503: value, $15,-
.Citrons: Trees. 24; boxes, 18; value,
,, $63-0.
Cocoaanuts: Trees, 368,448: nuts. 29,650;
val] $1(,084.00.
rawber. Acres. 602; quarts, 1.087,-
S_; value, 009.89.
Pears TkXs 109,222; barrels, 20,838;
value, 657 .16'..30.
Peaches: Trees, 240,603; bushels. 245.-
986; value, $150,164.05.
Total value of fruit crops, $3,094,015.44.
-. Horses: Number, 64.168; value,-$1,876,-
-- -- Mules: Number, 8,114: value, $609,-
::- $O9,00. -


Jacks and Jennets: Number, 82: value,
Stock Cattle: Number, 288,024; value,
Sheep: Number, 75,721; value, $116,-
Goats: Number, 15,775; value, $11,-
Hogs: Number, 222,8382; value, $854,-
Total value of live stock, $4,889,889.00.
Chickens: Number, 758,810; value,
; Ducks: Number, 9,998; value, $4,541.00.
Geese: Number, 80,430; value, $17,-
- 116.00. ,
Turkeys: Number, 28,627; value, $21,-
; 558.00.
Eggs sold and used: Number dozen,
2,154,798; value, $826,885.00.
Total value of -poultry and poultry
products, $596,585,00. "
Milch Cows: Number, 49,752; value,
$558,966.00. ,
Milk: Gallons, 8,264,074; value. $953,-
Butter: Pounds, 657,779; value, $162,-
Cheese: Pounds, 805; value,. $62.00.
Total value of dairy stock and prod-
ucts, $1,669,754.00.
Wool: Fleeces, 60,188; pounds, 179,-
662; value, $42,557.88.
Honey: Stands of bees, 18,682; pounds
of honey, 375,212; value, $80,788.79.
Grape Vines: Acres, 1,987; value, $51,-
Wine: Gallons, 28,195; value, $81,-
005.00 .
Plums: Bushels, 18.428; value,$5,767.00.
Figs: Bushels, 4,645; value, $6,026.00.
Total value of- miscellaneous products,
Table No. 1.............. $7,700,959,80
2.............. 871,891.82
3 .............. 38,094,015.44
S 4 .............. 4,889,889.00
5 ............. 596,585.00
6...... ... .. ... 1,669,754.00
S' ........... 167,855.17

.- $18,940,399.78
The law establishing the Bureau of Ag-
riculture. under which the forevoing st.a-
tistici were colected and pubhllCed,failed
to provide- for the collection *:,f industrial
and manufacturing statistics. Under
this head the value of tue following
named products. not included in thie tore-
going tables, although known to be pro-
duced or manufactured in the State,
would add to the total aggregate as above
stated, for the year 1489, upon a careful
estimate, a sum not les than $122,0.U,
making the total valueof all products for
that year tollv $140,i:II.:I.iI0.
Manufactuired Tobacco. Hides, Alliga-
tor Hides, Lime. Ice, Nuirsery Stock,
Cedar,Beeswax. Moss, Turpentine, Rosin.
Sponge, Fish, Oysters, Hewn Timber,
Sawed Timber,Lumber, Shingles. Staves,
Brick and Tde. Furniture, Wagons and
Carriages. Railroad Cars, Stockings. Cot-
tonseed Oil. Cottonseed Meal, Palmetto
Brushes and other product;. Canned
Goods, Fertilizers. Phosphates and others.
The Reclaimed Lands of the Kis-
simmee Region.
No section of the State, considered
agriculturally, is attracting movie or
keener attention than the rich farm and
truck lands about Kissimmeeand along
the shores of Lakes Tohopekaliga and
Okeechobee. Osceola county is the
center for two most important branches
of agriculture-rice and sugar cane
culture. The one man who has been
most prominently identified wiih the
development of these lands is Mr.
WiV. Cannon, of Kissimmee. MN-r.
Canfion. from his years of service with
the Disston Land Companies and the.

South Florida Railway Land Depart-
ment, is well qualified to select the
lands best adapted to the wants of the
intending buyer and settler. His honor
and honesty are beyond question, and
he has always acted for the best inter-
ests of buyers. We publish elsewhere
a card from Mr. Cannon giving our
readers some valuable advice abdut
Florida lands. To this card the
its hearty support and commendation,
though we do not advise, and never
have advised, any of our readers to
purchase a foot of Florida land before
they see it themselves. This is the
only absolutely safe rule in all land
purchases. '
But we believe we can do our agri-
cultural readers np better service than
to urge them to make a visit to the
Kissimmee valley rice and sugar lands
Their productive capacity is something
remarkable. We have seen corn grown
on them which was so heavy that the
,ears would sink in water; rice which
was almost equally solid, being heavy
in the hand like the best old wheat;
oats very plump and heavy; and sugar
cane weighing thirteen pounds to the
stalk. This cane yielded nineteen per
cent. of sugar, according to the anal-
ysis of Mr. D. C. Sutton, the chemist
of the St. Cloud sugar plantation. It
is difficult to account for such heavy,
firm grain and seeds on these black
muck lands except on the supposition
that they carry a, high percentage of
phosphate, which element, it is well
T known, is of special value in the for-
mation of seed.
Again, we have seen cauliflowers,
grown on this class of lands which
were so large that only one head was
put in each end of an orange box for
shipment. This goes to show their
adaptability for the production of vege-
tables. .
Doubtless most of our readers have
seen newspaper statements as to the
recent purchase by the Kelly Brothels
of several hundred acres of these lands
for the growing of rice. They have
laid the foundations for a large rice
mill, though recent information from
the Kissimmee Leader is to the effect
that they are so busy in planting their
crop that the completion of the mill
has been postponed until alter the seed
is in the ground.

Orange Markets .

JACKSONVILLE, March 4 1891.
Six auction sa eas inco report. of 26th in-.
sbow following average, s: $2 u9, $2 .'.7 ,
fr2 13, $2 31, 2.4). Tonai average, $.2 1i per b,s.
Cuara:t.-,r of fruit in these poor tiid
coarme, principally large' rangi'ig i;, 112, l6
and 12S. All sound fruit orsuperlo grades
counting 176 to 200, ranged 1'3 b, 3V 73 and
$4 (0 per box
Latest sales show steady advance in prices
end we look for higher averages from this
date forward.
Reeilpts at New York for week ending Sat.
urday, February 28th: 41,40i paoKage; Bos
to 17,--mi paickages; Philadelphla, 14,614
Much fiuit sl reaching detlr.cation In bid
shape showing rot This, with.-
the large szes and coarse fruit, l cause of low
averages reported.
We recommend steady shipments, as we
feel confident bat. the fri l will not improve,
so faras its keeping qualitl--b go, If held muieb
longer, besides prices are b und to rise stead-
ily ou all grades


Just as the Investors in Florida oranges be- -
gai to spe their way clear on-their late pur-
chas-s here comes the, California stock to
blast .heir hopes, ..Some Of the PCalifornia'
fruit isatl eadyon ihe street andi a great num-
ber of carq are headed.this way, one firm.
alone having a string of four cars nearly due.
The prbdnct of the Golden State, .although
not as sweet as the Florida orange, makes a
decidedly handsome appearance, its bright,:,
clean color catching the bye of the buyer at
once, and as it can be sold a little lower than
Florid i, receipt", it will go to the trade quite
freely. It is singular how the caliierams or-
ange is being lost sight while figuring on the
Floiida output, and especially so by the or-
ganizations. who hre controlling the ship-
ment, who counsel growers and advise them
to hold on fi r higher prices as the visible sup-
ply is light, etc; The Californians will make
a big-impresslon on every market at once,
having yet about 3,000 cars to forward, nowas
our market is not f gured on at all --P. M.
KIELY, in St. Louit Post-Dispatch

All reasonable questions, coming from a subscri-
ber, will beanswered as promptly as possible, and
without charge, If addressed to the editor at Lawtey.
Replies can not be given by mail.

61. JAPAN CLOVER. R.E. Dilday,
Orange Bend. Address a letter to H. -G.
Hastings, Interlachen; he can furnish,'
you with seed and give you full informa-
tion as to culture, etc.
62. CASSAVA,. Geo. H. Appel, Jack-
sonville. Cassava will undoubtedly do
well with proper culture in Central Mis-
sissippi. Seed-is advertised by two differ-
ent parties in our cent-a-word column.
63. NUT CULTURE. .Will you please
ask for information in regard to the
cultivation of the almond, butter nut.
and English walnut, from your corres-
pondents. As these nuts are universally
popular-revery cornerstore having them "
for sale-and I can conceive of no reason
why they should not do well here, I for
one would be obliged for information in
regard to tlhem. Wax. B. SCHRADER,
Tallahassee, Fla. .
Ve hope some of our readers with ex-:
perieuce will reply to Mr. Schrader'p
query. .
Water Bouquets. .
Procure a glass shade or globe, and
a glass dish on which the shade will
stand evenly. A stand on a short
pedestal so as to lift the ornament
soinmethat up from the table is best.
Then proceed to arrange the flowers
and foliage in'boquet form, the stems
being shortened and tied securely to
something heavy, which will serve to
keepthe flowers erect, yet.fixed to the
stand. Next get a large bath or tub,
fill it full of clear water, and high
enough to not only fully immerse the
flowers, but to cover the shade when
placed over the bouquet.
Place the dish or stand at the bot-
tom of the tub, put the flowers into it,-
in erect form, then take the shade and
lay it sideways in the water' the b6t-
tom edge touching the edge of the dish
or stand on which the flowers are
placed. The shade must .then be
gradually and very carefully brought
over the flowers so-that no air is re-
retained. It is important that this act
should be performed quite beneath the
water, as if air .bubbles are admitted .
the attempt.must be repeated'untiL,the.,
experiment is successful. Small.bou-
quets and flowers of but two bor three
plesisng colors are best. Novices may'
well try their hands first with 'a tiny "
bouquet beneath a glass tumbler, and
on a small plate. Such bouquets are
appropriate subjects for exhibition at'
all flower shows.-Popular Gardening.


Qardeii and Lawn.-

-.-. Sowing Flower Seeds.
The sowing of flower seeds in the
hands of the inexperienced in many
cases results in complete failure, the
complaint being made that the seeds
were not good. The same seeds hav-
ing been tested by the seedsmen be-
fore offering them, proves their grow-
ing or germinating qualities. With
care in planting to the required depth
and soil suitable, failure is almost im-
possible with seeds that have been suc-
cessfully tested. By strictly observing
the following rules for sowing flower
'seeds, success is certain.
THE SOIL.--A mellow loam, which
is a medium earth between the ex-
tremes .of clay and sand, enriched with
a compost of rotten manure and. leaf
mold, is adapted to the generality of
flowering plants. Previous to planting.
flower beds or borders, care must be
taken that they are so arranged that
the ground may be a little elevated in
the middle, that the water may run
off, and that the plants may show to
better advantage. -
Do -ot plant any of the seeds when
the ground is wet. Make the surface
as fine and smooth as possible. Cover
each sort of seed to a depth propor-
tiunate to its sizes; the finest, like Por-
tulacca, Campanula, Digitali.;, etc
should be merely sprinkled on the
surface of the ground, and barely cov-
ered with finely sifted, light, mellow
soil; press the soil down firmly over
the seed with a brick or short piece of
board. For larger seeds the depth
should be regulated according to the
size of the seed, those of the size of a
pin head, one half inch deep, and those
the size of a pea three-lourths of an
Procure a bit of lath (it would be
better if planed smooth) about two feet
long, press the edge down into the soil
evenly, so as to make a groove as deep
as the seed is to be planted; scatter the
seed along this, allowing four or five
of the larger to filteen or twenty of the
smaller seeds to the space one plant is
to occupy when grown. .- Cover the
seed by pressing the earth together
over it, then turn your lath flat-ways
and press the soil down firmly, and
IMPORTANT.-As the sowing of
flower seeds in Florida is very apt to'
be followed by failure we do not rec-
ommend sowing them, although the
seed be of the highest grades. Our
experience has shown that most seeds
of flowers should be sown between.Oc-
tober ist and February ist.-Hastings'
The upshot of the above advice
from an experienced grower is, that
persons without -experience in Florida
had better not spend much time and
trouble on annuals. This accords
with.our own belief. Newcomers who
.. are anxious to surround themselves
with flowers had better, consult their
S neighbors and learn out of their fund
of- ._ experiencee what will succeed in
Florida, then procure from them slips,
-: '-' cuttings, roots or bushes-something
t- hat is almost .certAin to succeed 'from'

the start. Where a professional seeds-
man advises against the sowing of seeds,
it may well be assumed that his advice
is good., To sum it all in a word, our
advice to the novice as to the best way
to sow flower seeds in Florida would
be-don't do it. But those who insist
on trying it would get many helpful
points from the article on celery cul-
ture, by an experienced gardener and
florist, Mr. B. H. Alden, which was
published February 12. The same
thoroughness and painstaking which
secured such gratifying success with-
,those seeds (so difficult to make ger-
minate in this climate), would be of
the' highest value in the case of small,
flower seeds.-ED. .
The Tuberose..
This extremely fragrant and exqui-
site flower is a native of the. East
Indies, and was introduced into cuilti
va'tion about 1630. During the term
of three hundred years it has been in
quite general cultivation- in all warm
climates as an out-door plant in
large numbers. Owing. to its ex-
treme sensitiveness to cold: it is not
cultivated as it 'should be. as many
people will not attempt to give it a
trial for fear of failure. However,
when the nature of the bull' and its
requirements are better understood,
it will be found to be very easily cul-
tivated, very few failures resulting,
and it is in the power of any one to
possess these lovely flowers.
As each bulb blooms but once it
is well to be careful to get good,
extra strong flowering bulbs to corn
mence with. Then take a good
sized wooden box, anything from a
starch box to a soap box will do for
size, it being from eight to ten
inches deep. Good sized plant pots
may be used which will hold two or
three bulbs, or e;,en tinr, cans can be
utilized for the purpose, each holding
one bulb. Be sure to have holes in
the bottom of the boxes, or in the tin
cans, if used, to provide for proper
drainage. Fill these boxes with rich
soil and some well rotted manure.
But before putting in the soil first put
in a layer of potsherds, coals, shells
or anything that will keep the holes
from becoming plugged up by the
dirt. thus allowing all excess of mois.
ture to pass off.
When planting the bulbs be sure
to pack the soil firmly around each
one, letting it cover the tops from
about one inch to one half inch in
depth, first removing all the small
bulblets or offsets. The bulbs may
be placed from two to four inches
apart. A six pound starch box will
hold about eight good large bulbs very
nicely, still six would be a better
number for a beginning. I use these
boxes in all sizes, and in my soap
boxes I usually .have two dozen or
more bulbs in each, but these be-
ing so large and heavy are not so
easily moved around as the smaller
dnes. As for.having'just one bulb
in a.pot, when -with only the same
amount of care I -can have a .half
dozen, I never think it best. --
.\\hen my receptacle is ready I.
place it in a very warm, but not a -hor
place. I .put mine upon the'. top,

the upper warming oven of my range.
For want of this place a shelf abuve
the stove will be very nice. Leave it
there, only watering enough to, 'keep
the soil moderately moist, for if kept
wet before the plants are well up and'
growing fast the bulbs will be in
danger of rotting. When the leaves
have pushed up from three to four
.inches, remove the boxes to a light,
sunny place during, the day; being
careful that the plants do not become
the.least chilled. I always put thenri
back in their warm quarters at night
until the middle of April or, first of
May, and until well-grown, so that
they may not be chilled at night,, for
that would injure the bulb, sometimes
blasting the bloom germ. I start my
bulbs in this way from: the first -of
March to the first of May, plantii'g
them, one box at a time,- from two1
to three weeks apart, so as to have a
succession of bloom.- By.the middle
of May, on warm, sunny days, place
the boxes out of doors in the s an,
removing them back into the house
again by sundown, After the first of:
June they may be left out of doors
altogether; but I never' remove the
bulbs from the boxes and plant out
in the flower beds I find they can
be so much better cared for in the
boxes, lor when the weather is dry
and hot the\ can easily be supplied
with all the moisture they need, and
they like a good deal, they can be
protected from the high winds, can
have the location a sunny one, the
best suited to them. I usually keep my
boxes on the back piazza steps, where'
they get the sun all day, until they
are ready to bloom. when I remove
them to the side piazza where it is
more shaded, in order to preserve
the delicacy of the flowers.- .'ck's

Some Troublesome Florida Weeds.
No. 12.
[.1. H. '-sIMf SON, MANATEE.] .ir'/bs i WVhite Pig W\eed,
Tumble WVeed). This plant is found
in cultivated and waste grounds. It is
smooth and pale green with alternate,
oblong, obovate, long petioled, small,
obtuse leaves. It is a foot or two high,
branching from the base. After it
goes to seed the stern breaks off at the
ground, the upper part of the branches
curves inward and the whole plant
forrns a ball which is rolled along on
the ground by the wind and lodged
against fences and ditches, hence the
name Tumble weed.
Amara,.,lu chilonrosac;',s (Careless
weed). This plant grows in cultivated
and waste grounds, and is three or four
feet high, with alternate, ovate leaves
and petioles two or three inches
long. The leaves 'and flowers are
very green.: The lowers are incon-
spicuous surrounded by awn-pointed
SA4':a,'at:uis ibr:idus (Green Ama-
ranth Pig Weed).: This plant is also
called Careless weed and is so similar
to the last' that a separate description'
is unnecessary. They are both annu.
als; both-grow in cultivated and-waste
grounds; both-i have awned floral bracts,
rendering them disagreeable to walk
amohg: both' have'inc6nspicuous flow-_
ers and seed enormously. The last

three are annuals and are introduced
from Tropical America. So far as I
have observed, them in this section
they do not appear to be so noxious as
they were in Illinois, where the) often
(or at least the last two) almost took
possession 'of cultivated- and waste
grounds. They are not very common -
in this section and that is: the reason-
they are no m,:.,re of a pest here than
they are. I presume in some parts of-
the State they are as troublesome as they',
are in the Northern States. As they, :
are all annuals, thorough cultivation
should be ad':'pied to keep therm de-
stroyed while crops are growing.
After crops are harvested they should
be kept well mowed till the land is: .
plowed for another crop.
The Calochortus or Mariposa Lily.
Sonie species of this beautiful
"lily'' are particularly difficult of cul-
tivation, hence a general impression .1
has beer, created that as a class they
are on, ly fit for greenhouse culture.
I notice that the present season,
however, two or three dealers are cata-
loguing the calochortus, but not un-
der its true name. NMariposa tulips
and California tulips are among the
fictitious titles which in the end are 7
sure to prove confusing and harmful.
One firm whose catalogue is before
me speak '-f ".California tulips GCalh.-
c.r,'tus i" as being new and as hardy
as common tulips. Without knowing
positively whether the particular
species offered is really new, I of
course cannot assert that this state-
ment is untrue, but certainly no calo-
chortus that I am familiar with will
bear out this assertion of extreme
Brought to in more general attention
on their merits, there are. several
charming species, nor commonly
grown which would surely become fa-
vorites when known.
The illustration herewith shows at
least one "-new" species, C. Jfadrensis,
found in Mexico some three years ago
by C. G. Pringle. 'The plant figured
is an average one, about one foot in
height; flowers about one inch in di-
ameter, slightly drooping and of the
clearest possible yellow. It is well
worth attention. The fact that soime'fe -.:.
the known species are so rare and djfli-
cult of cultivation renders it difficult to
determine positively that the accom -
panyijg figure of. C. flavus also rep-
resents a new species. F. H. Hors- .-
ford,late associate of Mr.. Pringle,-.
thinks not. -It -is-a charming flower
in either event, the bloom being, a .
trifle larger than C. AIadrenfis, more ,
drooping in habit, the outer edge. of
the sanie bright yellow, while-thecen- '
ter is a deep purple and covered '-with -
minute hairy growth which renders-. i '
particularly striking. -These, as well-'.
as the more common species,'may 'be.
easily -grown. in pots, using eq
proportions of leaf' soil a san .
They may be planted in' ..op .
ground also and will withst an av,--r-
erage winter, in this locality ilanted
three inches .deep, each bulb-'being :'..-''
surrounded with _a- handftil. of -'clear.-:
sand and_ hen on- the. approafchio'.o "
severe weather carefully mulcheld 'to-
~ ~ ~ ~ e : .: :z --,':_- .- ---
the depth of. four or five-mches. The' :
soil must be well drainedAd,.:-- :Gqtit-
a '. : '. '


(MARCH '.1891


Ouzr Rural J1ome.

Mike's Choice.
Bedad! it's a flower they are wantin'-
An imblim that suits iv'ry schtate,
A flower that is common but schpritely,
And wan that is scinted up swate;
A free-bloomin', bright little crathur,
At home on each blissed square mile,
Where the Goddess of Liberty swately
Would after be tosain' a schmile.
No wonder whin namin' thin over
They can't quite entirely agree,
For none of the frail crathures mentioned
Come up to the standard, yez see.
So I'll spake of it just to a. shist thim
B 'fore the grand ballot shall close,
That a ram-blossom seems the complatest
Of any one blossom that grows.
--Good Housekeeping.
I c
The Science of Old Age.
Old age has its special dangers an
its special safety with regard to dis
ease. For instance, whereas in a chil
the temperature goes up on the slight
est provocation, in old age it can hardly
be moved at all. The aged body i
not,. as a rule, prone to any acute dis
ease. If a person passes eighty, it i
rare for him to be seized with an'
special malady. In injuries such a
fractures, though from the lightnes
and brittleness of the bones they ar
easily met with, they are repaired sol
idly and quickly, even in centenarians
Slight shocks cause severe depression
but :greater injuries are surmounted
and surprising recoveries made from
severe maladies. Wounds and ulcer
often 'heal quicker than inothe young
the aged recover from attacks of con
gestion, paralysis, apoplexy, pne umo
nia, erysipelas and other affections in
a surprising way. Diseases, as we
have said, often pass them by. A man
-may live to one hundred in a house in
which he had typhoid fever himself,
and in which many of his children and
grandchildren have since died from it.
It'is probable these favorable results
are diue to the long time the organs
have worked unitedly and helped each
other, like old soldiers who pull well
together and bear reverses under which
younger troops would succumb. There
is, on the other hand, a tendency in
old age for slight diseases to become
chronic. Now, as to the care of old
age, the chief points are moderate and
digestible food, sufficient warmth and
even, quiet life. The chief of the three
is the blood or- fuel for the lamp of life.
.While all fixed dieting is bad, where
it can possibly be avoided, a few hints
can be given that may prove of value.
The older a person is after fifty the
less food he requires. Luigi Cornara,
who lived to one hundred, though of
a feeble Aonstitution, tuok twelve
ounces of solid food and fourteen
ounces of fluid dailt during the latter
part of his life: and- his most severe
illness was caused by his increasing
his allowance, through the continual
entreaties of his friends. Very little
proteid or animal food is required,
and though in many respects false
teeth are a great, boon to the aged,
they may lead to too great a consump-
tion of animal food. It is not the
amount ol coals we put in a grate that
warms the room, but the amount that
can be burnt; and the great point is
to avoid choking the digestive and ex-
cretor,y organs with excess of food.

The food of the nursery-is the best it
old age. Bread and milk and hone]
is. a capital diet. Milk agrees witi
nearly all. Hot milk with a little
Mellin's food forms an admirable
drink at night, and can be kept warn
in a hotwater jug covered with a cozy
Fruit is wholesome if ripe or wel
cooked. Fat is good, as cream o:
fresh butter. Warm food is veri
suitable. Soup enriched with crean
or marrow is light and nourishing
All meals should be regular and al
excesses avoided. Of 8oo person:
over eighty, sixty per cent. wer(
moderate eaters, thirty per cent. small
and only ten per cent large. If weigh'
is being gained the diet should be de
creased. In addition to the after-din.
ner nap as years creep on, a dozeaftel
breakfast and before dinner is ofter
d helpful. As to clothing, it should b(
s- both warm and light. Fur is 'an ad.
d mirable material. The underclothing
t- should be of wool. A sealskin waist.
y coat is useful, and the feet and hands
s should be well and warmly clothed.
- An eider down quilt on the bed, which
s should be warmed in winter, is a good
y covering. No aged person should be
s suffered to get cold in bed. Two a.
s m. is the hour when most deaths take
e' place, when" the. temperature of the
- body is lowest and its powers feeblest.
. All habits of old people should be re-
spected, and not lightly altered. What-
I ever excites exhaustion should be for-
bidden. Early rising is therefore bad.
s Drinking hard water is not good, as
; it, tends to hasten the calcareous
- changes in the body. Certain com-
* mon errors in the 'care of the aged
may be here pointed out; some we
have already touched on:
i. That the aged require rich and
very nourishing diet.
2. That early rising is good for
3. That cold baths invigorate them;
. whereas they are fraught with immi-
inent danger, and are often fatal.
S4.. That continual medicines and
dinner pills are needed' to digest the
food; whereas, instead, less should be
5. That the rooms should be hot;
whereas 'they should be cool, but not
cold-65 degrees to 70 degrees.
6.'That a fixed diet should be rig-
idly adhered to; whereas variety is
often essential.
Old age is of two sorts; that which
is natural, and that which is prema-
turely acquired in youth; and it need
hardly be observed that it is only of
the former variety we now speak.
Self-denial often requires to be prac-
ticed by the aged in many ways,
though not arbitrarily. All known
weak points in the constitution should
be jealously watched. No care as a
rule surrounds the aged such as guards
the young, because they are not in
many v ways the same objects of in-
terest. But this is not as it should'be,
nor is it consistent with the Christian
profession. In animals, death when
it comes is, as a rule, swift.. There
is, with the yast majority, no old age
and debility -uffered among them.
No long wasting or disease or slow
tumors embitter their lives; they are
killed by their fellows when their
powers fail, and are thus delivered
from all these slow tortures by one

sharp stroke. This apparent cruelty
of nature is thus a merciful provision
for those beings who know not the
meaning of sympathy. In early ages
and in savage life it was the same with
man. The skulls found in the gravel
beds are all full of teeth, as of those
who died early. Now, in advanced
civilization, love and care prolong life
to a great age. This is. not an un-
mixed good. Almost the very exist-
ence of slow decay and long disease
has been brought about by the love
and care that distinguish humanity.
Hence it is a peculiarly noble and
Christian work to lessen the sufferings
that in a sense our own care has made
possible; and, as far as we are able, to
make old age a period of serene sun-
shine and an unmixed blessing.-
Leisure Hour.

Bonnets and Birds.
Olive Thorne Miller asks in the Newi
York Hetald, how can woman recon-
cile her conscience to the constant ob-
ject lessons in cruelty, which the
wearing of murdered birds holds up.
Putting entirely aside the responsibili-
ties of people and the rights of animals,
it is a simple, bare alternative, she
said, that is presented to us: Shall the
birds be allowed to -live, or shall the
earth be reduced to a barren wilder-
ness? One of the two is certain to be
for the bird is almost our only protec-
tor from insects. To one who has not
informed herself it may seem like a
wild statement, but nevertheless it is
true that the insect is one of the most
powerful forces on earth, and one
against which man, ivitlh all his boast-
ed ability, is helpless. It comes in
innumerable armies, too minute to be
handled; nothing can discourage, noth-
ing can eradicate it. It multiplies by
millions; it preys upon every vegeta-
ble and animal substance under heavy.
en. In a world abandoned to the
insect not a green thing could grow,
and without vegetation neither man
n'or beast could exist. The birds, and
the birds only, can cope with these
fearful hosts of our most fatal foe, and
it takes unceasing labor on their part
to do it. No creatures have such ap-
petites-"incarnate voracity" Ruskin
calls them-none require such con
stant supplies. Woman, the tender
hearted, the lover of beauty and song,
has really cast the great weight of her
influence against the tribes of the air,
and the birds fall at her behest by

Consumption Cured.
An old physician. retired Irom praci Ice, had
placed In his hauds by an bast India ml'--
sonabry the Iormila of1 a simple vegetable
remedy or the speedy and peraneint cure of
Conasumpiion, Bronchbhis. Catarrb, Asthma
and all throat and lung affections,also a posl-
tIv. and radical cure fir nervous deoility and
all nervous complaints. Having tr.oied Its
wonderful curative powers In inousands or
cases, and desiring to relieve human sufler-
log. I will send free of charge to all who wish
, thibis recipe to Oermar, k reneb or Engllsh,
with iil directions for preparing and usine.
Sent by mall, by addresilog with stamp
namin this paper. W. A. NOVES, 82-J Powers'
Block. Rchester. N. Y.


I We will send ou tle "South Florida Home"
six weekson trial for 10cents and insert your
name in our "Mailing List" free of charge,which
will bring you bundredsot samplecopiesof Flor-
Idal newspapers, maps, cireilars etc.,and If you
"-at to 'isit or lo.,ate in Florida, you can very
easily decide wheie to goand how to et there,
and you will be pleased with the small inest-
menot lI0 ctis. Stamps taken. Addrels SOUTH
- LORIDA HOME, St. Petersburg, Fla. -

Stop- that coughF Elseo the bronchial
tubes will be enlarged and the delicate
tissues of the lungs exposed to injury.
No other medicine is so speedily opera-
- tive- in -throat and. lung- .,.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. A few doses...
have been known to break up an ob-
stinate and distressing cough. Sufferers
from asthma, bronchitis, croup, con-
sumption, sore throat, and whooping-
cough find a sure relief in the use of this
preparation. It soothes the in- .
flamed mem- Tmr brane, pro-
motes expecto- I 'I ration, and in-. -
duces repose. Don't be with-
out it in the house; Sallie E. Stone,
Hurt's store, Va., writes: "1I have found,
in my family, that Ayer's Cherry Pecto-
ral was always a certain cure for cold
and coughs." .
"Five years: ago .had a constant
cough, night .sweats, was greatly re-
duced in de.h. and bad been given up by
my physi ians. I began to take Ayer'sT
Cherry Pectoral and was: completely :
cured."-Auga A.Lew-is, Ricard,N.Y. *

Ayers CherryrPe ctoralM
Prepared bi Tir. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowcll, M .'::.
Sold by all Druggiiate. Price $1; ix botlea. ----

How Lost! How Regained,

A Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise
on the Errors of Youth,Premature Dechibe, Nervous
and Phyuacal DeDiLty, Impairiie of the Blood.


Resulting rrom Folly, vice, Ignorance, Excesses or
Overtaxation, Enervating an unfitting the victim
for Work, Busiaes., the arriedor Social Relation.
Avojd unakillful pretenders Possess this great
work. It contains 3S0 pages, royal 8vo. Beautiful
binding, embossed, foil IUL Price only 11.00 by
mail, posrpald, cornceaie m plain wrapper. Ills-
irative Prospectus Free, it you apply now. The
distinanished auithor, Wm. H. Parker, M. D., re-
from the National Iredical Associarian for
PHYSICAL DEBEFTY.Dr.Parkerd acrpa. .
or Assistant Physicians may be consulted, confl- -
denitally. by mni or In person, at the office of.
No. 4 Bulflnch St., Boston, aaass., to whom ad
orders for books orletters for advice should be
direreEd as above.


25cts.- a Box.
0>3*.- r.tM VDarroQ ze-X a s.

Send for Circular telliig...
When to Spray,.-
-How to. Spray,
and what Pumps ro.e .
Ageents Wanted.
-. Seheca Falls, N.Y.

SSfeaed Bare. S-d4o. for." WOMAN'S SABF.
egCao." o Wheel BeeifleOo.,fhlj9.P ,aju





MAnca 5,1891]






VOL V. : : "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. zo.

TONM SAWYER, -- -. Staff Contributor. ability. The member who goes to Tal-
lahassee this year with the expectation
The people support the Gov- of having a picnic will wish that he
ernmient, and the Government was back at home fighting sandspurs.
The indications all point to a business
can,,not support ,the people.- session and the people expect it. This
question of finance must be settled so
Alliancemen at Tallahassee. that we can adopt that "pay as you
If the Alliance members of the Leg- go policy," either by greater and more
islature will stop to consider that the searching taxation,by cutting off some
willatu hel responsible at hear of of the leaks that so constantly drain
public opinion for .the. egislationof the treasury, or by, issuing bonds and
the coming session, they will certainly calling on posterity to help pay for
be equal to the occasion... There are present expenses. we all know that
about sixty Alliance members-a good it is a bad business to burden an estate
working Imajority-and-'if. the public with debt, and most persons believe
interest suffers we may expect to hear that the same rule applies to the State.
from every outsider who can Wield a There legislative bodymust be much wsdom
pen or lift a voice. It will be exceed- in a legislative body, but there must
ingly unfortunate for the Farmers Alli- also be is scattered plan to concentrate it,
ance if our members failing their duty, else scattered and thrown away
and we if m a no t reasonable expect toy, in ill-directed efforts. Again, let me.
and. we may not reasonably expect to say that the Alliance majority will be
control another legislature should we say that the Alance majority will be
prove unequal to the work before us held responsible for legislation this
this time.. We are-on trial politically year. Then let them take counsel to
Andwe must do our best gether and together agree. So much
Tndwe must do our best,. for legislation.
The first great step for' the Alliance I believe that it is generally under-,
members to -take is to i'tgh ogefithr.":o stood that there will be a United States
If they goto work with no unity of Senator to elect; and there may be
action and no definite plans for the some of our Allianceen who thinkay be
performance of their duties they vill t hat is the main reason why they were
labor in .vain, and will become play. elected, and that for this purpose they
things in-the.handsof a;shrewd; well- will. assemble; but really that: is :only
drilled minority. Alter they get I0. -,ne of the reasons, albeit a very im-
gether they must arrange to stick, or, portant one. If the farmers of Amer-
in other words, the Alliancemen must ica ever expect relief they must work 1
settle all their own differences, sink on that body known as the United
their personal preferences, and after States Senate. Our Alliancemen in
finding out the will of the majority the present Florida Legislature owe a t
abide 4is decision.- They- must be a duty to our Stateandto al otherStites t
unit else thev will fail., It is presumed where the masses are strugglingin the. t
that our Alliancemen are ell posted toils of monopolistic tyrant, and.they I
as to the needs of the masses and they will be 'recreant to a great trust if they
know in a general way what the coun. do not wisely use the power they have
try needs, but thiy are mostly inex- and .gi% e to us a Senator, either an legislation and if they are Allianceman in fact or in principle. i
wise'..they will take counsel together They will forget their duty if they do N
and agree. Doubtless some will go to not sterrily and unfinchingly resist all f
Tallahassee with: an entire code of the blandishments of the sweet tongued
laws, all 'writteh'out, but it will be well lobbvit and select, without a particle
for them to recollect that the legislator of personal favoritism, a man whi will. s
who introduces a multitude of bills beyond all question, fight the good c
soon loses the bulk of his influence-, fight or thes.people and resist the goodan.
and, sometimes, he becomes a nuisanceght er o encroacplhmen of the mdaone p
that should be abated, power upon our republican principles k
When we consider the condition of and our civil liberty. Such a man is n
our State finances we are ashamed or not difficult to find in Florida. He b
we are sorry; so it will become our may not be a very brilliant man and n
legislators to be just as careful and' ac, he may never have held an office in d
quire all the wisdom possible to solve his life; but if he is honest, if he is N
this revenue problem. There are going patriotic, if he has no entangling alli- n
to be some big fights over this ques- ances with those whose interests con- a
tion in. its details, and every man flict with ours, if he is intelligent and it
should be ready to vote intelligently, has a will of his own-in short, if he s(
I shall tiot presume .to offer any advice is fresh from the people and rr
on .this. subject, for every member one whose life is an embodiment of c
knows'how.important it is to the wel- our: purest- Alliance principles, then, tl
fare of our.State,.and he is supposed in the name'of the people of Florida, c
to be studying it carefully, but I may in the interests of.the strugglingmasses cl
Impress upon our Alliahcemen thai we all overouri fair land, take hold'of him st
have,.complained more perhaps than and elect him whether he will or not. d
any -:'one else,- and. since we have a, The office is seeking just that kind of p
major tyi",- th''bur-d-nis p'on-- We I man and it- yill be prostituted if given it
willnOtine able to eviad the responsi- to one less worthy. at


So, brother Alliancemen of the tractions. of home. Fathers and
Florida Legislature, study your duty. mothers, let us make home so pleasant
Get you together and agree. Map and beautiful that in all the coming
out a line of action and then stand years the dear, wandering feet will
shoulder to shoulder. The Alliance always turn towards the old place,
man who is not willing to meet his and tired hearts will rest in its mem-
brother on common ground and work ory. ToM SAWYER.-
in unison, if he will in this crisis of **
our' order's life allow personal- preju- The Sub-Treasury Bill.
dice or preference to control him, it / At the -unanimous request of the
will be well for him to thoughtfully Rochelle Sub-Alliance '(Madison,
consider if he is an Allianceman at county),, we publish the following, ar-
heart. Tor M SAWYER. ticle by Dr. J. -A. Reid, which.' was
'' read before the last meeting by the
Article VIII. author:
The eighth article of our Declaration I have been requested to prepare a
of Purposes reads this way: paper to be read. before this Sub'-Alli-
"We labor to adorn and beautify ance giving my-views on. what is
our homes, and render farm life more known as the Sub Treasury plan, if
attractive." carried into effect, as a means of 0af -
I wonder if we'do? How many of fording permanent relief to the greatly
us spend a thought, or a dollar, or an depressed condition of agriculture,
hour's labor to beautify our homes ? and consequently to all who depend'-
Is it not a fact that we sadly neglect on it for a .liing.
our duty in this matter? It takes It is known that, while I have never,
very little well directed effort to raise favored the Sub.Treasury plan, yet
a yard full of beautiful flowers, but it that I have held that it was 'a move
will not do to allow any undue famil- tending specially to direct the atten-
iarity on the part of the calves and tion of the people to the great insuffi-
pigs. ciency of money in circulation to Meet
The calves soon get outside of the the demands of commerce and to han-
flowers, and the pigs being of inquisi- Idle the produce and dopthe business
tive disposition quickly get at the root of the country on a safe and satisfac-.
of the whole business. tory basis, 'that being the chief cause,
A little paint and whitewash prop- of low prices, and consequent depres-
erly administered help wonderfully in sion in all business, which is now so
making home attractive. Nice clean rapidly reducing the wealth producers
walks about the yard and garden are to poverty; and that if not found
very attractive also. Pretty shade practicable in itself it should lead to-:
rees in fron' and along the avenue such thought and discussion as would
ielp out the looks of a place. Yes; devise some practicable plan of bring- -
here are so many little things thatcan ing into circulation a sufficient volume
e easily done at oddhours to make of currency to enable the people to
'our home look like somebody lived engagein their several callings, with
here. a reasonable prospect of some profit
An attractive home has a tendency for their toil.
o kee-p the children from straying off. I do not favor the Sub-Treasury
Man3 a panderingng boy" owes his plan because, among other reasons,
all to the unpleasant surroundings of it seems to me that it would give us
'hat he was wont to call home. an unstable currency, limited in
Noow come inside the house and let us amount only by the wheat, cotton,
ee what %we can do. A good musi- tobacco. etc.. produced in the country,
al instrument--anything- from a that might be warehoused, causing at
iano to a mouth harp-is never ex- one season of the year a -possible
ravagance and will do much towards great inflation, thus unfixing all val.-
eeping the boy at home in the eve- ues, and at another season a corres-
ings. Then think' how a lot of good ponding contraction. A paper cur-
ooks will talk to him. A good rency without fixed volume astand-
agazine and a pure newspaper will ard of value, fluctuating from season
o wonders in the way of education. to season, would necessarily demoral- -
iicely arranged sitting rooms with ize the business of the country and
eat, cosy bed rooms are pleasant to lead us to ruin. And aghin, I think
11 the family. You chuck a boy away an experiment seemingly so impracti-
nto any sort of a hole to sleep and he cable, so uncertain in its effects, and,-
oon looks outside for something necessarily so costly as would be the
lore agreeable. Arrange a nice, building, of warehouses all over the .,.
lean table with something more than country, with the great force of em.
he eternal corn bread and fry of our ployees necessary to receive, inspect,
country homes and I assure you the care for, and handle the produce
children will not run oil. There are when received at the warehouses,
o many ways to. woo the tired chil- should be considered with very .great
ren back to their old home, while a care, and directly weighed in all of its.
patient mamma and a cheerful pa a are bearings before giving it our sanction.
ems of interest that count when. we Another reason why I cannot favor itL.
re summing up the beauties and at- if found practicable is that it woulcdbe'. .


class legislation, and as such inconsist- better, determine to learn the reason
ent with the declaration of principles why.
of the Farmers' Alliance. Though only a plain farmer and live
But, although I cannot favor the stock breeder, with no aspirations for
Sub-Treasury plan, I recognize fully, public life, and very little versed in
that whilst the volume of money has financial matters, as this paper may
been stationary for twenty years, the abundantly show, I will venture to
volume of commercial transactions suggest what I think would be a safe,
Shas more than doubled, and just in practicable, inexpensive and constitu
proportion as commercial transactions tional plan for getting any determined
*have increased, so has the relativede- amount of money in circulation, and
mand for money grown with it. And equitably distributed immediately
the deficiency of money to meet, this among the whole people, free from all
increased volume of business has en- cost (except a xiominal charge by the
hanced the value of money and Government for making treasury
greatly decreased the prices of prod- notes), and which will give immediate
ucts. No one is more in sympathy and greatly needed relief to the tax.
with the suffering masses of the peo- payers and to the whole country, all
ple than I am, or feels more deeply labor feeling at once its reviving ef,
the serious depression in agriculture fects.
and of those engaged in and depend- It is this: Let the National Govern-
ent on it for a living, caused by the ment issue treasury notes to the States,
low prices forced upon them by the on a per capital basis, to the amount of
great contraction in money during the $- per capital annually, as it may
last twenty years, from $43 per capital be absorbed into the circulation (but
then, down to $17 now, and the con- no issue of treasury notes to a State at
sequent great contraction of all val- one time to exceed the amount of its
ues except debts and taxes, or will State taxes), until the per capital cir-
strive more earnestly to devise some culation of the country shall reach $40,
safe, constitutional plan by which the which would seem to me a sufficient
volume of money in circulation shall amount to meet all the demands of
be made sufficient to enable the peo- trade, when the issue should cease,.
ple with reasonable diligence and in- and this relative amount at no time be
telligent labor, to provide for their exceeded.
just wants and leave them an encour- The treasury notes issued to the
aging profit at the close of the year. States shall be made redeemable in
But what is money ? Johnson and coin, and be a legal tender for all
Walker define it "metal coined for debts. The States, in their contract
the use of commerce;" Webster de with the National Government for the
fines it "coin for current use, or a sub- notes, shall be required to set apart a
stitute for it." This substitute (paper certain per centum of their State taxes
money) is something put in the place annually, say one tenth or one-twenti-
of the coin for the convenience of the eth part, which shall be collected in
people by the country issuing it, and coin, for the purpose of redeeming
should be of equal value, by its con- these notes whenever presented at the
trovertibility into coin at the will of State treasury by the holder for that
the holder. Therefore the paper cur- purpose.
rency of a country should be as stable Notes thus redeemed shall be can-
and circulate as freely everywhere as celled at the time, and transmitted
the coin which gives it its value as semi-annually to the National treasury
money., There should be no uncer- by the respective States, to be put to r
tain fluctuations in a currency. It their credit and.destroyed. The States
should represent actual values either shall also be subject to the order of the
in coin or government credit, founded National Government for their just t
on taxation, and while the volume in proportion of coin, after deducting the
circulation should be sufficient always amount already used to cancel notes,
to meet the wants of trade, it should to enable it to redeem promptly all
be limited to a per capital sum, and in notes presented there for conversion.
such uniform volume as would sustain A law of this sort would give us the I
its standard of value without inflation best and most convenient currency in
or contraction. the world, convertible at the will of t
But one great-trouble with our law- the holder, not only at the National
makers seems to be to find a way how treasury, but -in every State in the t
to get this required volume of money Union.
into circulation among the people. It might be asked if we are. in a po- a
They say that the government collects sition to sustain the coin standard of
enough money for all of its uses, and the notes. .1I think there could be no .
can pay out no money but what iT trouble about this, especially with the e
collects,: and that the only present free and unlimited coinage of silver, a
means of any increase of currency as demanded by the Farmers Alliance a
among the people is through the issue and Industrial Unions, and by the o
of treasury notes on. silver bullion whole people, except the moneyed
bought by the government under the classes. .
silver bill passed at the last session of By requiring the people who have
Congress, or through the more costly the silver. coined to take it the same as a
method of the National banks. The gold, would advance.silver to a parity a,
silver bill has been in operation long, with gold in the markets of the world, ti
enough to show its entire insufficiency and place our export agricultural prod- ti
to give the needed aid to the country. ucts on an- equality with those of other n
And we have been taught that -ours countries. fi
was intended to be a government by To my mind there can be no doubt
the people, for the people, and we as to the constitutionality of the general o
fully believe it; then let us devise Government furnishing money to the o
some practicable plan for our relief, States free of interest, at the cost of ii
and if we can't get that orisomething making it, when needed to meet thel ti

increasing demands of the commerce
of the country.
The constitution was ordained and
established in "order to form a more
perfect union, establish justice, insure
domestic tranquility, provide for the
common defence, promote the general
welfare, and secure the blessings of
liberty to ourselves and our posterity.
And in Article i, the States granted
to the United States the power to coin
money and regulate the power thereof,
and Section io, same article, reads:
"No State shall coin money, emit bills
of credit, or make. anything but gold
and silver a tender of debts." It is
certain that the States did not intend
to deprive themselves of the necessary
medium of trade, when they granted
to the United States the sole power to
coin money, and, at the same time,
denied to themselves the privilege even
to emit bills of credit, or make any-
thing but gold and silver coins a ten-
der of debts.
But for promoting the general wel-
fare, whatever is necessary for the gen-
eral good of the people of the several
States, and not reserved by the States,
should be exercised by the general
Government; and being empowered
with the sole privilege to coin money
makes it its duty to do so, at the cost
of making it, for the States, and in
sufficient quantity to meet the needs
of trade, and a refusal or failure to do
so would be one of the greatest crimes
a Government could commit against
its citizens. The sole power to coin
money must necessarily carry with it
its equitable distribution among the
States. -Southern Planter.

First Report of the National Execu-
tive Silver Committee, Appointed
at the St. Louis Convention,
November, 1890. -
The National Silver Convention,
held at St. Louis November 26, 27,
and 28, 1889, adopted the following
"Resolved, That the Fifty-first Con-
gress be requested by this Convention
o provide, at its first session, for t
opening the Mints of the United
States to the free and unlimited coin-
age of standard silver dollars, of the
present weight and fineness, to be a
egal tender for all debts, public
nd private, equally with, gold, and
hat, until such provision is made, the g
Secretary, of the Treasury be required I
ao coin the maximum of $4,000,000 1
vorth of silver per. month, as now
authorized by law."
And appointed a National Coin-
nittee, consisting of a member from d
ach State and Territory, from which
n Executive Committee of nine was
pointed to promote the purposes r
*f the Convention. l
The Executive Committee met at f
Vashington, D. C., January 14, 1890.
An address was issued to C6ngress q
nd the country and steps taken to t
rouse and direct public sentiment P
o the importance of the full restora- t
on of silver to its place as a money
hetal, .equally with gold, as it .
ore the unfortunate act of 1873.
To this end a thorough discussion
f the question was begun and carried
n through the press, by public meet-
igs and the publication and distribu- a:
on 'of literature, : la


Farmers! Stop and Think.
WHY Spend the best years of your
life cultivating the soils of the frozen
North and West raising crops on which
the freight is often not realized, when
you can buy land from theundersigned,
rich and fertile as any known lands,
and where you can raise a crop that the
United States Government will pay a
BOUNTY of $0oo on each acre.
HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell
the said crop right there in your home,
market for $250 per acre. You ask for
the "How" and the "Wherefore."
Quite right--facts and figures count best.
Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.
TO OLD Farmers and careful perus-
ers of papers, the fact that there is now :
established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
news. We are talking to all our
friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
pay you a bounty of two cents per pound
on the manufactured sugar. The St.
Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,
averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
acre last year, and it will go 5,000
pounds this year.
METHODS? This isn't the only big
chance of your life, however. The
cultivation of rice lands about Kissim-
mee is to become an assured, profitable
fact. There is no richer or better
ruck and market-garden. lands in' the
world than the land on the rich over-
low, or bottom lands about Kissim-
nee. Write, for confirmation, to Col.
A. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia
Times, who has personal knowledge.
Fhen in lands for orange groves, or
groves already cultivated or bearing,
[can satisfy you that your best interests
ie in:seeing me before any one else.
ulness and beauty of Kissimmee
lave never been questioned. No
diphtheria, no consumption, no pneu-
onia-in fact, read our medical
report. Beautiful cottages, villas :or
ots suitable for residences. Write
or terms and particulars.
;OME SOUTH, And get untold
tiantities of the grandest climate in
he world free with each acre of ground
purchased. Come where you.can till
he soil twelve months in the year.
Lt least write to me for full particulars.
Kissimmee, Fla.
ygent for the lands of the Disston Companies,
for the Associated Railways lands, and the
lands of Kissimmee Land Co.
Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trucking,
uit, grazing, timber,, general farming,, -
nd home lands. Send for map showing
hands ..

MARCH 5, 1891]


Public meetings were held in sev- Senator Jones, of Nevada,. early in-
eral of the large cities, which were produced a bill in the Senate requirer
addressed by the Hon. Thomas Fitch, ing the monthly purchase of 4,500, 000
an eloquent orator and vice-chairman ounces, and the issue of certificates
of the Committee. Meetings were therefore redeemable in coin, which it
also held in many places throughout was believed would fully absorb the
the country attended by other production of the United States, and
speakers, come as near free coinage as it would
The discussion of the silver ques- 'be possible to get this Congress.
tion through the press of the country Various Free Coinage Bills were
was never before so extensive or able. also introduced in both Houses. The
Petitions, in large numbers, and contention at first was over the pro-
signed by all classes, were presented posal of the Secretary to be allowed
to Congress. As indicating the in- to redeem Treasury notes, issued for
fluence and extent of the silver the purchase of silver, in bullion at its
movement, it is worthy of note that market price at the time of redemp
all industrial organizations throughout tion.
the country, including the Farmers On this plan silver bullion was to
Alliance and Granges, have every: be treated merely as a commodity,
where resolved for free coinage, held as a commodity to secure notes
Except in the Eastern cities, and issued for it, and in the discretion of
where public opinion is dominated by the Secretary to be paid out, not as
the Eastern press, public sentiment money, but as a commodity in the
everywhere is and has been in favor redemption of notes and to go on the
of .the. remonetization of silver, and it market again as so much silver metal.
is believed that if the will of the peo- It was rightly contended by the silver
ple could have been enacted into law men that although silver might be
the silver question would have been utilized as m-ney at its market price,
settled long ago. The aim of the when once converted into mon,.y it
Committee has been, therefore, to should remain money. Otherwise hir
arouse and give expression to public one could tell what the real and per-
sentiment on this the most important manent addition to the money volume
of all economic subjects. would be. The point that whatever
The contributions to the Committee silver was converted to use as money
have been expended exclusively in -was monetized-should stay money,
this direction, and money, in a public was on its face so sound and was so
cause, was never more legitimately well sustained that it could not be
used.. A large part of the work done overthrown, notwithstanding the
has been gratuitous service. The House, under party pressure and
members of the Committee have under rules that prevented amend-
served .without ; compensation, and ments, passed a bill containing the
have, mainly borne their own ex- bullion redemption feature.
penses. The first victory of the silver men
Mr. Pixley crossed the continent to in Congress was the overthrow of the
attend the meetings of the Committee, vicious principle of bullion redemp-
and.his well.known pen has been tion.
effectively used, both in the East and Special credit is due to Senator
the West, in the cause of silver. .Mr. Teller, of Colorado, for his unyield-
Newlands, of Nevada, also took a ing opposition, in caucus and out, to
leading part in the 'direction of the this principle.
work of the Committee; and through As is well known to the whole
the' press and by public addresses country, after a very able discussion
effectively opposed bullion redemp- -the ablest probably in the history of
tion, and forcibly and clearly pre- the American Congress-the Senate
sentedithe arguments in favor of sil- substituted, by a majority of i7, a
ver. '-Mr. IfRdnsey attended most of Free Coinage Bill for the House bill
the nie iings if the C.iniffitiee, and which permitted the redemption of
fook upon hirs'li anr important 'part Treasury note in silver bullion. No
of th'e work. Others of the Coin- more important vote, it is believed,-
miiittee rendered 'service in person or was ever recorded in the Senate of
by'proxy. the Unired States than the vote to re-,
-Tht silver question.was brought up store'silver to its constitutional place,
in both Hduses of Congress early in- as a money metal on equal terms in
the-isessioni:. .The present administra*- all respects with gold. :
tionr: came; in -pledged to 'the use of This vote as-well as the whole dis-
both gold and silver as money, which, icussi6n of the silver question. in the
fairly interpreted,: means: their equal Senate showed this body, in this case
use:as',money. .. at least, to be nearer to-the people and
:The Secretary of the.Treasury fore- in closer symp.ithy 'with their inter-
seein'g the necessity of some action :on ests than the H-luse.
the. silver question, /devoted :a ,-arge!i While it is not proposed here to go
space in his report to its discussion into the details of the -discussion of
He proposed to increase the purchase the'votes" in the Senate or House
ofl silver bullion to the product of the (which will be given elsewhere), it
United States, and to., issue, therefore would be unjust not to speak of the
Treasury notes redeemable .in silver unremitting labors of the Senators
bulliron at:its market price at the time which resulted in the passage of the
of redemption, or in gold, at the op. Free Coinage Bill.- ..
tion of the Government; or in silver 'Probably no'oneie on either side of
dollars ii demanded by the holder. the ocean has done more to enlighten
The views of the S.-cretary were and direct public opinion on the sil
embodied in the bill introduced in the -ver qtiestion than. Senator Jones, of-
House by Mr. Conger, Chairman of Nevada, beginning with his first silver
the Committee on, Coinage, Weights speech in Congress. and the report of
and Measures, the Silver Commission, which was

mainly his work, down to his last
great speech in the Senate this session,
which is in itself an exhaustive treatise
.on the money question,
Nor has Senator Stewatt been be-
hind in his efforts in behalf of silver,
Ever ready and always aggressive, he
has kept up agitation in the Senate,
when without him the silver question
might have been allowed to sleep.
Senator Teller, of Colorado, who
always has the courage of his convic-
tions, stood as a bulwark against bul-
lion redemption, and has always and
consistently advocated free coinage. '
Senator Wolcott also distinguished
himself in his first speech in the Sen-
ate, by a bold and eloquent plea for
The management of the Free Coin-
age Bill on the floor of the Senate, by
Senator Plumb, was skillful and able,
and his speech was one of the' strong-
est pleas for free coinage made in
this Congress.
The senior Senator from Kansas,
who most of the time occupied the
chair of the Vice-President, was also
unwavering in his support of free
c Senator Mitchell, of Oregon, has
been. assiduous in his labors in the in-
terest of the State he so worthily rep-
resents, while the other .Senator from
Oregon advocated the gold standard.
Of the Senators from the new
States, who were present, all but
-Casey, of South Dakota, and Allen,
of Washington, voted for free coin-
favors this movement for the free
coinage of silver, with the single pro-
viso that the silver dollar shall be' a
dollar in fact, and not a lie; thit it
shall contain enough silver by weight
to be worth a dollar in gold or in old

Third Party.
The Galveston News, speaking of
the Alliance, says:
'.,The Farmers' Alliance will proba
bly do more for itself by bushwhack.
ing than by entering the political field
as a regular standing army. If there
is a country on earth whose controlling
political parties: need a -dangerously
uncertain element to keep them
straight this is the country just now.
It is a country in which both parties
seem to have forgotten the people. in
their intense struggle for party advan-
tage and spoils.- Bushwhacking will
cure them of sucking eggs. The\ must
be given a good scare. Music'!"
It is an incontrovertible fact that
the. leaders'of both political parties
have disregarded the welfare of the
people in -heir struggle for party su-
premacy. The people are individually
dissatisfied and have declared by in-
dividual action that: they will no longer
submit:to such: wrongs. They will
depose the leaders and substitute good
and true men.: Should this plan fail,
their future action will be determined
b c:ialm consideration, and the decis-
ion will be carried into effect like the
lightning stroke.- The necessity of
the people brooks to delay.-Soulitern
.Jrc'ury. :

[MAR 6, 1891

Letter te the OffleeB and Male.
Members Of the Varmefs Alli-
ande and industrial Union.
BROTitkcis:-The stafiding tottilit .
tee on legislation ig instructed to fratre
bills on demands ta, ic, 2, 4, 8i 6, of
the Supreme Council. Demand 3 be-
gins thus "Believingin the doctrine
of equal tights to all and special priv-
ileges to none." The demand prefaced
by the announcement of this broad
principle has reference ohly to ques-
tions of trading and taxing.
How can you, my brothers, consis-
tently and honestly declareyour belief
in the principle announced and base
your demands upon it, while you per-
sistently retain special privileges to;
your own sex and deny.equal rights to.
women? In an article in the Arena
by Hamlin Garland, on "A new dec-.
laration of rights," he speaks of the .
old declaration as "blotched with lies"
because "one entire sex was ignoredl
by government and two or three mil-
lions of people had no rights, at all."
The two or three millions of colored .
men have now their rights and also the.
special privileges which government
still denies to one "entire sex."
Any platform or declaration, old or.-
new, affirming the principle of "equal
rights to all and special privileges to.:
none," and denying it to women con-
tinues to be "blotched with lies." Let
us see how other modern organizations
are working for the truth of this prin-
ciple. The single tax. party or the In-
dividualist advocate equal rights to all,
regardless of color, creed or sex.
Says the writer before. named: ''It -is
now more than a century since that
immortal Declaration was read, --and
to-day, with rare misgivings, woman
is allowed to vote on the school ques-
uion! Man, his head yet filled with the
survivals of the middle ages with its
measureless lust and cruelty, arrd-
gates to himself the right to say what
woman shall do; and this in the face
of the sentence which he applauds, all
men are: created free and equal -ap.:
plauds because it never occurs to him.
to mean woman too. :
With the Nationalist party the full
and free equality of the two sexes is a-
cardinal doctrine.
The 1.nights of Labor demand:
equal suffrage for men and women.
.The Citizens' Industrial Alliance
*has given the best practical endorse-
ment of the principle: of equal rights:
by electing two women to hold im--
-portant offices in their order, Mrs. M.
E. Lease, National Oiganizer, and
.rs. Anna E. Diggs, Chairman of
judiciary and arbitration. I copy the.
following from their platform : ."We
believe women have the same right as:
their husbands to hold property ,and,
we are in sympathy with any law that
will give our wives, sisters and
daughters full representation. at the
The National: Farmers :Alliance
proclaims: "Believing:in equal rights
to-all and especial privileges to none,
we demand the :entire :enfranchise-
ment of :the: -women. of -America.'"
What are you.the members of the F.A:
& I. V., doing, or what done
to carry out -your own declarations -of
the principles of equal rights to
deed and in truth? Are women ad-



MARMo 5, 1891]


mitted into the order as equals? .Is putting in of said vault at the county's Go where you will, you will find people Casava seed, two dollars a barrel; Spanish
1_rmulSt do llars ale y.- D "-2 C,
any and every position and office open expense. inDr. Bull's Cough Syrup, and unanimous AND ,uss, Macclenny. 0.
any in its praise. Ai" s Maccien..y.
to them as well as to men, by selec- The following committees were ap- I suffered most severely from rheumatismi McCartney rnses make beaulifu., evergreen,
tions according to, capacity, and not pointed duringwint'r. AfterusingSalvationOiltwo ae. .ONI, FaPiunk Fa jtili, for
by sex? If not, your assertion of Finance-N. D. Eiland, B. L. Ray days the pain entirely subsided, and now I The Florida Real Estate J.-.urna. Arcadia,
belief in "equal rights to all" is a and R. M. Wilson. am a well man. Florida-witu State Viap- ca,. be ',r onn'.
falsehood. "Good of the Order"-C. F. De- ten cents. Sounh Florida Fn. aJo-p. e2 '-i2
Only few of those on" year pecan-trees left
SWhat have you, the men of the F. LaMater, J. F. Latham, N. D. Eiland, Order now. Al-o choice rose" Targ, size
A. & L.U., done. or what will you do N. P. Bishoff.and G. W. Bearden. BARTER COLUMN. Caellss. -all colors.-Flgs, Persimmons,
Scuprernong, Ptc. Prices low D- I. PiER-
to further the demand, for the entire A motion to table the Legislative- soN Montlcello, la. .... 2-26-2t
enfranchisement of women? Committee's resolutions prevailed.. Definite exchange offers inserted free. State what. LeT e'pesrt'es, prp' e- seded dpomegean-
If you do nothing to extend this, The following was unanimously you have and what you want. 'atPs fieq nurces Marltnna plumn'st eks, or
.i Open to subscribers only. Unt.-re I., Ciio, t- ;. w6uti. sivo money\ by
which is now your special privilege, adopted: Open tosubscribersonly. ,,, ,,m Fr-i haos. Address H.
to women your assertions of belief in Resolved, That we most heartily l : RI .EA, -il .- i., Fl;i 2-19-
"special. privileges to none" is a thank the Pasadena Alliance for the Will exchange sed r.-f Hi-'icu '*li'in Oriirenl.,i Nursery- 5 "", tediter
and white hybrid li'ic's, UisL.<;.' n-g-.u r -i ra,.,Ir-n w -t ) R.' Navre'., 211
falsehood. And remember, my .broth- hospitality tendered us during our and balsam apple, an .! ot-.-r, Lor .ee', or r..nrumni', i H..o,..-ri 4 Ma-IC Bi -od,
ers, "with what measure ye mete, it session; also, for the special kindness Fin. "s a: Mar. Len Re" iamia .:.a t'nd c.itbr reaeb
shall be measured to you again." of the lady members for the handsome tn, --r-a ': as p te or o ene
,tre' --r, as fine as possible to gro;w_,tQiem.
E. M. KING. cake presented to us. .IAMs M.:,rr ---. -it
Banana, Putnam Co., Fla. Resolved, That a synopsis of our "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN. Buy aho we rheap! A piesnt home can
be secure on the intitailnint p',ao.N cNan
W: We, tile under-.igict1 women, pay- minutes be presented to the Pasco house and itwo io, 'on'- 01 inemo, pieaisnt
ing members of the Bariana'Alliance, County Democrat and THE FARMER -To insure insertion in this column, advertise- DA ~lnSTAI co,,,Adrsi. ar. Fla
fully endorse the foregoing letter of AND FRUIT GROWER for publication, mentsmustbeaccompaniedbythemoney. por bale.- Good one and two-year old
Sister King Advertisements must not exceed -tlty words. .enmon roLIsJ rIno our so-'_k 5-c f. u. b. W B.
S' Postage Stamps received in payment.. W \ Charlotte H. Baldwin, M. S. M. ,The mule is stronger than the man. count ever word, Including name and address \ut.ur id.le. ri 2--1.t
-;- Caldwell, Sophia. Westgard, Sarah Though the mule is stronger than: the us your Ird for notep',;,.r pens.
SM and ink- snd all supplies Wr i II'eai yud
Morris,.and Nellie Glen. man, the man manages, the mule for wan-ed. Immediate y-Sonmebody to tend 'li ;,'a-ia Pruiirg aud Punb insiig
e 2; B .his own purposes. He puts a bridle landto .,r7 hnsra p.iatos..- or oter vega- tu-e, Ja. .a .n,,'e. rIa s.
:,O f"ldleC Oon in"nn. rsren. -ilt. .th,:.,,O- ,'a'-K loam Sen-ii r *r my cirer'ar n on (''ring sait itick
A:; --*. Alliance Meeting. on him and a saddle and rides on his -fin 'ilay ,.-ibotil on tban of navigable .,iri, .,ibi.iis.ifappF-iie Guhr.atnied. FPr e
-- back e puts harness made of -stre'-ra I. L. DPYw. Manatee, Fla. It of m-.i. ni i'brrv-D'e -.ei't, t ma rnal. I in
Editor Alliance Depirmen bac. He puts harness made of .. r6 i.te w., ai cure or
ThePasco Coiunty Farmers Alliance leather on-the mule and by speaking . RT ,,,r ,,i. t l.- cur. : ae of
'met la-regularn atan on to. cj'Ci oie. M hog cholera. 'W. 'G; TILGHXMANP. P. ai`ia,
-met in-regular session at Pasadena on to'lin and giving him plenty of licks, i.' a.,-,ts, ia. Fla. F 2-5-lt
February 23rd and 24th. Fifty-four induces him to walk and pull a wagon, s- '-ri grade Jersey cows f-resh w bra'if by S n. ua Yvur or.i-rr for note paper, pens.
fourn ot of while te mn te w n nd i-rn-i Jerrey male. anti a &e'" Pl.,i i inK-, andl -II ;Uppli E WI em it II[ret you
Sdeleg.nes, representing fourteen outof wnile the man gets into ine wagon and .'t pigas. w. e. SCHRADE, Wave-r) ijart. fraCoMa Prniing and Pubilsning
the seventeen Sub.-Alliances in the rides. rhe mule -does much hard -t,:ik iarm, Tallahassee, Fla. First, pria.e H, use. Jacksonvole, la
county; were-present. work, but all the-money gained by the Oca-a. one year 3 c Do you res,, r ui c an Pubising Send to
The foltbiwing officers were elected mule's hard work !he man. appro- ego. d varietis'ed, uol i.tUEir. i, eiusgourlie. Via.
*. pr ;. r ywri.. F i i eLWo-yE-a ir.,r,- All Rir.isof booths cound and made as eood
for the ensuing year: E. -G. Liles, priates to himself. The mule lives, ert-, labeled true o a, ae c. eai, .- A r.-. sa,,,, i Da os Porii nd made a oodub-
President; A. F. Hill, Vide-President: roughly, is fed in a and sleeps pra.-rozen. isperi..o w. L. BAALL,-Orange i-rn]n Hiise. Jace..:,nv l'nii .
A. A.T. C penhver, Se-retry; W.C. onthe gr.oJin, ,tr a little straw, The Par ourold family Bible Make t,-n i.e.g,.r rWeedseed pr r. re, l, e meb-- r c.
Sdmner, Treasurer, and H. Malone, man eats at a table and sleeps in a go ar your old fams Priiiy Bbe. aa Punhe pi.un."c.,i- u po in tc.r .' ic eros
dgo'd s W. [,aCosta Prie. ano Pu p r ipoi i
Lecturer. warm bed. The mule is: a useful Ishing House, Jacksonville. Fi-. .* ,lor oun x ra, hIter rtis Ipp tr a l.
T. he special committee oi road laws anima- to the man:. Notung excels the umbrella Cnins as a R "'a, Joo. A. Germond, Mauag r. ,,euka,
.T-e npe ,i road s rapid g ,wing anti orrnameutal sbade tree Fla, I I-'-2b5 "
reported as follows: Th- e farmer is stronger than the o-. $. per I0. J. H. GIRARDb.AU, Mouic-l.t, Do you need priutingof any kind? send to
We recommend the abolishment nopo:list. Though the farmer is much Fla. 4-.-2t Daiot Prim,ang aLd Pubishing House,
S of present road laws, as it relates to stronger than the m,:,t.:;p:.,lst, the mo. Repair your old family Blble. Mae tiemi ono o w smoker. o
Pco y 'good as new. [lma osirt PRinting and Pun- %,Vsnt,:d, ne conuoni of" Illfml'l smokers. to
Pasco county. nopolist manages limn for hi own pur- iinhing House, Jacksonrvlie, Fla s send cAci i s-t.p e =.,:I o1f f I.L KEL'
.-Cigars and a 2) ye.r go d filled Watch, ny Ex-
: 2. To empower the Count\ Com- pose. He puts a bridle, called loa.ily Wanted-A live newspaper man to canvas ? ,.rr-s t U. Dt. a5'5 ando ilow examinalloo. -
to party, 'j rnOL.rh and saddle e 'ae or I) O dudg biuialns. Ap- HAVANA C[OAR Cu., Winston, N C. l-2i-8t
missioners to use the road taxes under par in is r and a saddle r.It o .r. w. ACa, latcoita PritilugP o you one-d prlnlioofanvkilni? ,endto
11its own la Is for road purposes. on his back arnd rides hirm where lie Houas,Jaeaonvilie DmCos a Prnt ng aud House,
The roads to be worked exclu- % ilk. He puts harness made of pre- Repair yourold fsimlly Bibles. Make hiem Jack-onevllie cIa.
ly b t ice on the farmer, and bi m -n o.d as new DaCor-a Printinrg.arid ltub- .-irawberrIs -Bessle,, s3ievi.ns.
sivelv- by taxation.-- .JUce on the farmiter, and by makin g ii-hin House. Jackoeaville, Fla. I be Kinds ij tlant i..r profit In he South.
speeches to him, and living him plenty ,w. easaa sed sinks for sale *$ Der .r-ndd rice. JULiUS .SCHNADL RACE,
4. The power to workall able.biLdied of tat\, induces him to walk and draw i.'.",,IeeoO board ie cars. .HAi F. MaY, Y A-a. --..
Cui\ci; on the publicroads Luti ia. i.5-t D. eed crationervy b1anyv kld.-paper,
c s on he public roads. a mono''polist canri3ge. The farmer Lur .u.5- rii-n ? d atotoD'a PrntIlngand
ra r d r ni t -F'S lT. soR
R:. port received and committee dis- does much hard work, but the" mion -c.h.i.obbeoplantstorale; hoce Harvanr Puhlisti House, Jacke.iuviie, Fla.
char" .> :e-d \u,- Ab&,ab, .\rorm. u ,e t- a T-n PF % R EI-RE --Ft_.R LE-."NTE. .\R-
gcharged. ained by the farmer's work the In.-). '-,iir s Inousand E. A. LINDoLEY. "ortb RER'A HYBRID kNi.-: OTHERS PPL.Y-
The following resolutions were read nop-ohit .pprolriats t, hinm-|i-. The Jaks-o.'. -S- ru B w PARTRoG ontello, Fla
and adopted : Wrnted-V\'la Franca Lemon trees and l-'-2e'
farmer has beiorne poor, arnd lives Wn\'il Nisgara Vines. .Must be b--et ato.:k Do you neead4altionery ofriny ki-.d-paper, .
I. W\-HE.REs, The immigration taxof roughly oin a mortgaged farm, and aluid cbeap. Address, NICOL, care FARMER pens and ink? Send to Dal ost.l P-'inngand
-ne-State-of now one.-eighth eats plain f-od (r...m dell and tin ANr, FnUi-IRO ER 2-- Publisbhg House,' lackoniie..Fl L
S ufa mill, therefore be it plates, and sleeps on .a straw bed.
,, by the Pasco County Alli- The farmer is very- useful to the mo. .., ,.. ..
ance, That we are opposed to the in- nopolist. ,
.creasing of said tax; and think that Moral: Those hl,:o do not use their
.the State Legislature should confine brains for themselves must use their y S
itself to a rriore economic system of muscles for somebody else.- izna'.. '
gislation. .hfcS- ee'
2. That we desire.the County Co brilliant I
Snissioners of Pasco county to instruct '"
the County Assessor to levy an ad Fo Old andYoung. Durable
alorem tax on all lands; that cleared t -
a' n ta -at c ;n Tuttleiver M notan kindlyon the "' .; .. 'o. I e
and' wild lands be rated the sac. in ehlbd.thedelcase female ornitherm Economical !
accordance with their v.ilue. Houses, aid ages. ponthe vigoronmu am.
barns, and. such like improvemm.-nts I Diamond Dyes e*cela. others in. Strenpih, Purity, and Fastness. None other are
S.only t.Dechared ior. just I goo&l. Beware of 'imitations, became dhe are made of cheap and inferior materials.
-- 3. That as Dade City now propos-es and give poor, weak, crocy color.. To be- 'ur of success ues -ily-jTSe TlAMoIb DYES
S it ti.' -c'rbbdrt- htu toa co -a for coloring, Stockings, arnCrpets. FeithT,, &ec&c-We w-rant
_Pasc-ocu- put tiheei- a re.r-ool .l. _, them to color more goods, package for pacSage,.th.anyother dys ever made,' adto give
"ro l tone.tothe; ch and "-bie- lc-.' d ,- .. _- no.'"
.. P", ooue" ". o m- -h ch ,,te more brilliant and durable co ors.,-k brktie DIASoD, and tak]eo~ other. D
". aiiltfin a w'o. den iUCltir-e),. ,nd': .-'el-s, kidneyi and bladder. To the .. ... ; .. .- '. i
r: orans their slrengibenlngqialltles L end postal for Dye oc.kStple Card, dlrernons eor c-ring Phios dmling finte -rtiar Bluinag
-,'- -w r .eas;- t. e th.ce good ,S'e,.', are- w.onderrful, -eaing them toper. irote quartj e-t.-Sold by Dnrigiss ; Addres "..7;
su.ffiiient o-hbLd.all i -. county r. ord s form'their s '.n you. .. a AR SON .-. .i-"'" '. -
th.efIr&te 1e tt c Sold Everywhere. WELLS RICHARDSON & CO., Burlington, Vi --
sii, id -That w-e will resist the. Office,39 &41'Park-Place, N.Y. F-'idancy' Arriance g- D I AMODlA I Si, 'oppe.oi ocnt,.
Fanc' -rmicet,_"___ ,. Cpp-.J ... ea. ".





[MARCaH 5, 1891

Two Fast Trains Every Day to the DESTROYER will kill the cut worm, destroy the grasshop-
North, West, and East. per, exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects that
CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher. feed on and destroy the young vegetables and plants. Vege-
November ,'90 ROUT special. Express table and truck growers should investigate the merits of this
erm o ucipLv Jacksonville SF&WRy 800pm 700am wonderful preartin
Terms of ubscription: LvCallahan S, F& y 855pm 735am wonderful preparation.
Lv Waycross S, F & WRy 11 40 pm 9 15am For general information, prices, circulars, etc., address,
For one year ............................... $2 00 Lv Jesup E T, V & GRy 1 20am 10 40 am
For six months ............................. 100 LvMacon E T,V&GRy 7 02am 7104prM Bo 26 J
Ar Atlanta ET, V & GRy 1085am 100pm Box216, Jacksonville, F5a.
Sf Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad- Lv Atlanta T, V & GRy 11 00 am 11 00 rm [Mention this paper. I
Ar Rome ET,V&GRy 150pm 200am
vance, and no paper continued after the ex- Ar Chattanooga E T, V & GRBy 5 00 pm 6 15am
LvChattanooga Q&C800pm 515pm 7150am J H IA S
piration of the time paid for. Ar Burgin &C 320am 2S0am 301pm
Ar Lexington Q&C04l18am 830am 350prm JO LA R S .
Rates of Advertising on application. Ar Cincinnati & 700am 6 40am 620pm
R:EMITTANCE should be madebyChek, Lv~hattanooga Q &C Route 8 153pm 710amamm 0hA0 l
LvRome ET, V&G By 155pm 240am a i
ter, to order of LCleveland E T, Ry 4 05 p m 5 10- DALERS am-
ArKnoxville E T, V& G Ry 6 15 pm 7 55 am -- ALERS IN-
FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER Ar Morristown E T, V & G By 8 10 p m 980 am
Ar Paint Rock ETTV&G Ry 902 ps m 1107am (In
AND FRUIT GROWER, L Paint Ro R &DRy 9am ay Grai, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
Ar Hot Springs R & D y 1010pm 11 24am
Jacksonville, Fla A Ashevle R &D Ry 11 85 pm 12 4p mJACKSONVILLE, A.
SLv Chattanooga M & C DIv. I8 00 pm 7 10a JACKSONVILLE, FLA.a
ArDecatur M& CDIv. 1215am ll0n'n
No implement dealer's stock is is com- Ar Memphis M& &C Div. 6 50am 6 40pm PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY.
plete without the Garrett Fence Machine, the OHIO SPECIAL is SoLm TRAIN and carries Pullman Parker ..................................... $75 J tin Rye 83.OO
best portable machine in the United States. or'Mann Sleeper Jacksonville toCincinnati, Pullman o range Valley 2.00 Virgnia Glades 4.00
It mae te bt fm tht Sleepers Chattanooga to Remphis, Chattanooga to pre 40v
It makes the best farm fence that Louisville and Knoxville to Asheville. Connects at e pri gVa. ley ...... .... 2.50 Old Bourbon.... 5.00
can be made- Manufactured by S H. Garret Rome with Pullman Sleeper, arriving Philadelphia North Caro ua Corn...... ......... 2 50 Kentucky Sour Mash............... 5.00
ca10:55 p. m., via Harrisburg. and at C eveland with Clifton Club ............. Old Baker............ 5,00
Mansfield, 0. There are thousands of them Sleeper, arriving Washington 2:30 p. m., via Lynch- Montrose Velvet $6.00.
in use throughout the United States and in burg.
n ue throhot the ted Staes and DALIGHT EXPRESS carries Sleepers Macon to I Jn's extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post office
many of the foreign countries. It takes the Chattanooga, Chattanooga to Memphe, Chattanooga n o'ney order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. 0. D. to dry towns,
lead wherever it is introduced. to Cincinnati, Atlanta to noxve an noxville A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.
Hot Springs. Connects at Knoxville with Pullnan compee ice list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.
Sleepers, arriving New York 1:20 p. m., via Harrisburg. 1 ohn C rk, on & (o.
RATES TO THE EAST are as low as by any all rail O l q o .
rwNEV SUBSCTa RIBRS ONLY.] route, and the scenery is unexcelled.
Apply to Ticket Agents of connecting lines, or to
Dist. Pass. Agent, Trav Pass. Agent,
B.W.WRN CHAS. F.T, Hardwood Ashes
Gen. Pass. and Tkt. Agt., Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt., > -
Knoxville, Tenn. Atlanta, Ga.

Premiums Offer

P F I 0 T A1

Dispatch, Farmer and Fruit-Grow

For one year anda copy of

Whitner's Gardeningi. Florid

ALL FOR $2.001

Whitner's Gardening in Florida is
handsomely printed and bound book

Rank at the hcad of the list for quality
POULTRY&Ak FOOD1 And Take the Lead Everywhere.
They are obtained from mills manufacturing car and wagon timber, and where no other
f1tel is used than the best of hard woods. No other brand is obtained from sources that in-
sure so uniform a quality. A Dollar invested in Diamond "D" Hardwood Ashes will buy
more actualplant food than in any other fertilizer on the market.
HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY That are the outgrowth of experience are more convincing than mere theory based upon
Will Make Hens Lay! chemical analysis or a printed formula,,hence the grower who has proven to his own satis-
Will Make Chickens Grow! faction that pure, unleached hardwood ashes will make a thrifty and productive-grove o0
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. orchard on the lightest soil, and that, too, for less money than by any other means, will tes
r This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully tify to the merits of this brand, for he will at once recognize in them the "strongest" ashes.
cooked, ground fine, seasoned and hermeti- he ever used. For prices, terms and other particulars, address, ,
cally sealed in 8-lb cans. Being ground fine, it C. E. DEPUY,
can be readily mixed with soft food, and fed Stockbridge, Michigan.
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Price
S380 cts per can; 3S per doz., Address HOLLIS AGRICULTU.RAL TOWN OF
u DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North M NT S, Ma C Foid
Boston,Mass. Mention paper. McIN OSH, Marion County, Florida.
Located on Orange Lake, the home of the native orange. Rich high hammock lands,
E J H S ICLx rising stventy-five feet above the lake level. Flourishing orange groves. Prominent veg-
Setable shipping point. Well watered. Natural drainage. Railroad, telegraph, post office
B i'AAIfi3s ' Bfi Rtf and school facilities. Universally pronounced one of the very best locations in the State.
a An inspection will satisfy the most critical. Inquiries may be addressed to

So mApr i areemost likely troubled Uw I
95o pages, being a comprehensive treatise VRA M The best remedy for thisl the celebrated
H .-v. B.'A. FAAH N ESTOCK'S'VERMIF .t(fE* Established x856. 2ee Acres in Fruit Nursery.
on the vegetable and tropical products of eyea ean ra Obserstablished 186. 00 Acres in Fruit Nursery.
larly thatt tnitialsareB.A. thus avoidinginitat(Ol 0 -D G '
Florida, by Prof. J. N. Whitner, A. M. ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS.
"'his book is much sought after for its I 0 E S | T AR
practical information. When I say cure I do.not mean merely to stop them FR U IT L ^ U R $ E R I E 8,
for a time and then have them return again. Imean a
$2.00 buys the book and our radicalcure. Ihavemadethe disease of FITS, PI- Augusta, Georgia.
,t. .LEPSY or FALLING SICKNESS a life-long study., I
paper for One year. warrant myremedyto cure the worsteases. Because
others have failedis no reason for not nowreceivinga -, o 'e offr vor Fall and winter.dUlivery an immense stock of Fruit and Ornamentaltreen,
This is certainly a grand offer. Send cure Send at once for a treatise andaFreeBotleof Roses, Palms, etc:, suited. to Elorida. All the neN Peaches lately originated in Florida.
s a oc.myinfallibleremedy. GiveExpressan.iP.:.iet O ce. .Also asupert'l.-,'k oe Ever given8, Caruelllas, Greenhouseplants, etc.
Sin orders at once. ROOT, M. C., 183 Pearl St., N. '.Our products have peer, tested in Florida for thirty-three years past. Calalogues free.
C. W. DACOSTA, Age ts. Address,
Jacksonville, Fla a. OUTFITS P. J. B RGKMANS,
'e:,':.l,, .' ... ... E Augpusta,.Ga.

/A .-._ .. -:,." ." "' ... h+ : E- SPRAY-YOUR FRUIT TREES AND VINES.
LV ; pi ii '' N -Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight of Apples Peaks Oherries,,Plum0ur-
.C d 41 rcUli appvented b sprayingeORs
S- MP GRAPE an POTATO ROT prevent y using eCE O0
-_ R i-r B KNA $SCK SP Y 5 also IBuriotBs insects which infest
TheJEWETT&DWIGHTCo. T EV11O A tO fl Tfl Ourraenoseberrisaeriesand-trawberries. -PER PECT
-.. S AN U ..T TAF LG a. THE ZIMMERMAN Catalogueshow a nurous lnets to fruitsmailed free. Large
....--Cm A 'FOrTr D G. o u s ed The Nt.ndard Machine. stock of fruit Trees, Vines and Berry Plants at Bottom Prices. AT
PLpO nN. ININNAT. fRIN.BE. NCt1N.nd otra.Clo.,e AddnSBd, ,W,.. STAHL. Quiney, -no.
...... . -- u PR, OHIO. rlCE BLYMYERLKON WORKS CO.,niocniifatjo O i..d .:..*...:.. .;. > ..... iwa. SAH. Qly, Iliio&,





For 1891 will be med FR
custoilaters. It is better than ever.s for j j CAL
Every person using Garden, a
StrawbFlower or Field Seeds. If
you wshouldend for it. Address for you
D. M. FERRY &CO. o-

We make the original Virginia
Ventilated Fruit Carriers for J. J. CAL
Strawberries and Tomatoes. If EXCLUE
you want fancy prices for your'
Tomatoes, ship them in a No. NATIONAL
41 or a No. 42 Ventilated Carrier.
Early Strawberries in a No. 34 AND
or 36 Crate Catalogues, prices 52% We
and samples free on application, ZAoCKSOV:

Southside Mfg. Co.,
Petersburg, Va.

Important to Melon Growers,

I can supply Melon Growers with
pure stock Waterme!on Seed f all
standard varieties, my own growth, at
lowest market prices.
To those purchasing seed of me, I
will furnish fu.1l particulars as to plant-
it g,fertilizing, cultivation, etc.
1-1-4t Montioello, Fla


press the
rwe do the rest.

SStcvei Ni'n til ,.. nd iz es : :
ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Films.
For sale by all Photo. Stock Dealers.

Send for Catalogue. Ri CHESTER, N. Y.


,. .Sc.enttfIcally treated by p a urst of world-
wide repulati,,n. Deafness eradicated and
en Irely cu reo, of from20 Oto 3 'yesrs' stand ng,
.,after all other treatments have failed. How
the. difficulty ls reached and thl cause re-
moved, full v explained in circulars, with af-
fidavits and test moniais of cures from promi-
nent people, mailed free.
Dr. A. FON .I NE. 19 East 14th Rt., N. Y

Six days earlier than
S any variety te ted at the
AgrictWt't Ex. Grounds
at G, neva, N.t. Color
greenish wbiCte ul
ender, sweet and de
icous. The only grape
i at ranks frst both In
earliness and quality.
Each vine sealed wih
-r ntor. registered trade-
lmark abel. 'Send for
(iIrn-tc' .... .- ,.i. r information. Agentswanted
Address STEPHIsN HOYT'S" SONS, New Canaan, Ct.





C'z W

ry Pr y .r a i
Please mention this paper. 1141-4 complete SEED CATALOGUE published.
S- a warrr r : Sitand 219 Market8at.. Philadelphlas Pa.

MACHINE.tyle as shown n cut, with full
S "set attachments, self-settingnee-
Wor "s ndl e and self-threading shuttle.
\N ...oro You can get ztw machines oxars
either STANDING of manufacturers. Save Canvas-
STI MBER O-sers'Commissi6onSof$25. Senton
SSTU M PS. trial. Warranted 5 years.
"E u.-fn Grub 4% We pay Freight. Phlladelphia^w

5 M S oftwoAoresata slttIn Amans, a boyand ahhorsecasperate p .
S ity. No heay ca or rods to handle. The crop on a ew o7 -,
acres the firct year leti pay for the Machisn It will only cost | >,, *
.t-, y1ou a postal card to send for an Illnstrate Catalogue, giving

.. .


f o l i And Building Material. aSd
W4 E r GE. CHARLESTON, S.C. o3rr0 o
S. ,Btrel Np ORA P TSOF

SPATE TETHOMASP. SIMPSilN, Wash- e'l. o aOs toTand'reeg-nEfIIn rladeF
00NSUMPTION "" ....

LuAtlt A ent Obtained. g irlf-for InMeaitor'i ,Eaa f A I4UFWLON, TY,
I have a positive remedy for the above disease;o byitd
thousand of ases f the worst kind adoon er FnceMachin ? A o .
stLading havebe .s...etd. Indeed so strong is myfaith The ett P .is irn P ,
initefly, that I will send TWO BOTTLES FEwith savot ous Largetnuts for seedD s, pecan trees
aVAUABLE TREATISE on this disease to any sI. S .N n he. dried. rei ready foW the grove As can t e
SA. Soeum, M. C. 181 Pearl St., N. ing big sales. Machines, fLarge lPaer-sl a aecns f
u PWairen etc., at who lesale ,n. do 'o n' ,
ae i err Cdlte free. bPecan nuts, $1 per. pound; one.year-old
rst ssnthe manufacsreri trees, $1"each.adga-e"e"ne o im"t'
nS its ey t s. a dGARRETT, MANSFIELD. -OHIO. 2-r5-2t- .h W Ocean Sprivpgp ilss.
A Cu61E1a Si'tN.5iggsa.Maee Leadinge Photographer
BUGGIES RN Ss at PRI Arrrrbooktthat eveyf~armerso whttohave no

Buy Ditrect from FACTORY an.d save MIDDLEMEN' S is the "Sorghum Hand Booku"gwhtchamva be adn Pht o grp
St bi different species, het mod o cultvat 0n, etc.
U Cincinnati, Ohio. SedlEetitadeeie0* n e. Up to [x on oapplaton. 1 m
-. .


MARCH 5,1891]

$60. PLANT BED CLOTH. The New Tomato!
Cheap Substitute for glass on hot beds, From Canada OUGHT to be extra early, and
SPECTIVE OF PRICE. cold frames, etc. Three grades, Light, Me- as such is sent out. The reports of the ex-
dium, Heavy. perimental stations speak highly of it, and
numbers testify to its earliness, productive-
For Florists, Gardeners, TO- ness. large-size, roundness, rich color and
freedom from rot. Per package, 15 ts; five
bacco Growers, etc. for60cts. Yon will find it only in my seed
Protects from frost, promotes hardy vigor- catalogue, which will be sent FREE to any-
ous growth. Will not shrink or mildew. body.
__ I -l-,I--..M arblehead, M ass.

=- ilii ] Day Line--St. Johns River
S For sale by leading dry goods houses, seeds- Except Sunday.
men, florists, etc. For circulars and samples
apply, STR. ELIZA HANCOCK leaves Jacksonville,
NATIONAL WATERPROOF FIBRE CO., foot Main St., at2 p.m. for Hibernia, Magnolia,
27South St., New York, N. Y. Green Cove Spring, Picolata, Federal Point,
27t Sout SNOrange Mills and Palatka. Leaves Palatka
Agents wanted. cents per 7a.m., connects at Green Cove Spring for
sq Also rproof covers from 2 cents per Melrose and Santa Fe. Arrives at Jacksonville
FOUN & CO., 12:30, p. m., assuring early connections for the
T. V. MUiNsON, North and West. E. V. H. POST, Gen. Agt.,
SN TT SE Y 1 MAN, lOOW. BaySt.
TYPEWRITER The introducerofthe great-and good
Parker Earle Strawberry, HO RTICULTURAL
Brilliant -f le A cUU L -
JPPi-lI&S, lesman Jaeger P A ES. SU l ofalthe
t Bay Street, Rommel NEWEST AND BEST
t ayWill mail his valuable catalogue of tried HORTICULTURAL TOOLS and other sup-
iL lORID. Southern fruits free. Address, plie. Our Special Circular describes them alL Send
LE. L nDA. southern forFr Bfind also for our rr Send l0o.
T- V MUNSON. Denison Texas. '--.*? a.. R..7 for --=





Cor r ---- Latest Designs in P-'arlor ana Bsearoom Suites in Antique UaK
eo0de0nce -Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,
o leltee. -. T ( Bed Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattan
' b. 403 n. Goods, Desks of.all Kinds and
WE SELL. A/Vb*""r~i.,,,,, 4'1I1U '^BSBBa

Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and FL A.
Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.
slento RnBardin Houses Shins Steamers Offices and Private Resirlences Furnished frnm Topn n nto m .. 'Bottom

A When writing, please mention this paper.


Jacksonville, Florida.
rs in and Manufacturers of High Grade Ferti
Orange Tree and Truck Fertilizers. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers.
All Grades !of Fertilizer Materials on Hand at Lowest M1arket Prices.


We manufacture all our own goods at South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made from the best materials.
We have recently purchased the factory and good will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando, Fla.
J. ALEX. LITTLE, Secretary and Treasurer,

3radley's Vegetable Fertilizer.

," Fish and Potash.

Dry Ground Bone.

Bradley's Orange Tree Fertilizer,
Bone and Potash,
Pure Fine Ground Bone

" Snlnhate nof Potash.

I'obacco Fertilizer, r Fowl Guano, Patent SuperDhosphate (
Lime, Mluriata otash, Nitrate of Soda, Kainit, &c.


J1||8 |EEDS for your Garden. PLANTS for youh Lawn -
t5 ,.) WHERE to get the best Seeds and fresh ones.' WHERE
to get the new Plants and good ones?. This mist be decided Which
GO of the new and famous are v.orthy, and .' which of the old are better, you
FrisT "6ao] should know. We print an Illustrated Catalogue v. ith Photo-Engra'ings,
tll RWED!. Colored Plates, and REASOIABLE descriptions. As to its completeness,
35 CT5. and FARM. Free. I We offer three collections of VALUE. In.SEElS, 38 kinds.for $1.00;
-(WITH (Ar 6uc-, FISi 9 great Specialties, $1.00; FLOWER SEEliS, "i b.t rfr ?') ets.: ;'t thrct fr.r r $.'.
VAU HAN'S SEED STORE. 88 State St., Box 688, CHICAGO.*

Branch Office, -. ATUGUTISTA, GA
W. J. POLLARD, Gen'l Manager. OSCAR H. NOLAN, Fla. Salesman.
AnS- CoPPesDondence Sollelted.





G. L. TABER, Proprietor, Glen St. Mary, Fla;.
250,ooo Trees, 200 Varieties. All home grown.- It will pay you to
write to us before purchasing elsewhere. Send for catalogue and price list..
l -Special prices on large lots.

'Jennligs" Nursery Co., Thomas-
vllle, Georgia.

... (Jtmed^^^. ^S ((l .U. S. Standard
f| TA Bfl 5 SentantriaL Freight p&.d.
S3 lo. F rrnTNW$35s
OS60OD &THOMPSON, BInghamton, N.Y

2 00,000
FO, SALE. -:
These cuttings are all from bearing yines;
AU orders must be in by Drcember I, 1890.
S..5O per 1,000. Orders of 1,,1,40 and up-
wards. 25 per cent. discount. .
State agents fIr the sale oi NIAGARA
and GREEN MOUNTAIN grape vines.
Pioneers of Grape Culture In Soum Florida,
SoxZ 49 Orlando, Fla.

If you suffer with any form of this terrible
loatbh6me disease and desire to get cured
pr.o:.ptly, permanently and cheaply, use
Turkisn Electirlc OIntment. Immediate re-
llef aij -ooltnninr. Itistheonly"
remedy in the wodid.and ,u s Mthe wor!t cases
in existence. Str,t by mnail on re.eipt ofrone
dollar-niofreesamples. We mean buziluess.
Don't hesitate, rut remil at rne,'e, and address
plainly, TURKISH PHARMACY LO., Albion,,


iO ry Veor.oc ''oe Nliaara grape roltS.
: m b n" Fire-bud cuttlngp, of Niagara
ATTENTION, FRauT AND VEGETABLE GOWRS' g 'i.u,uu rape for sale ceaap i
.order. .... BitIn rou old ,rtinpc ".ines, well matured
'. L BBbALe .tie Atger. Food anr, warranted true to name.
't,r Pn,.a0. I I can locate a few vrey desirable home-
STAUNTON MILITARY ACADEMY for steads In outhb Florida.
young men and boys. For il1d catalogue, C..I. PAGE, -
address, Stauntea Military Academy, Staua- -29- A uburndale, Polk Co., Fl
ton, vs.. .1.29-* Auburndale, Polk Co.,,Fla.






MARCH 5, 1891]


OWER. 199

The Clyde Steamship Co.

New York, Charleston and Florida Lines.

The magnificent Steamships of this Line 'are appointed
to sail as follows

From New York, STEAME,
(Pier 20, E. R.). STEAMER,
Monday, Feb. 23d, at 3P. M. .."CHEROKEE'.. Sunday,
Wednesday, Feb. 25th, at 3 P. ..."YEMASSEE".. Tuesday,
Friday, Yeb. 27th, at8 P.M. .."SEMINOLE"... Thu sday,
Monday, Mar. 2d, at 3 P. m. .."IROQUOIS" Sunday,
Wednesday, Mar. 4th, at 3 P. ..." ALGO1QUIN" Tuesday,
Friday, Mar. 6th, at 3 P. .."CHEROKEE,".. Thursday,
Monday Mar. 9ti, at 3 P. M. .."YEMASSEE".. Sunday.
Wednesday, Mar. llth, at 3 P. x. .."SEMINOLE"... Tuesday,
Friday, Mar. 13th, at 3 P.M. ."IROQUOIS" Thursday,
Monday, Mar. 16th, at 3 P. ..' ALGONQUIN" Sunday,
Wednesday, Mar. 18th, at 3 P. M. .."CHEROKEE".. Tuesday,
Friday Mar. 20th, at 8 P. r.%.4-YEMASSEE" Thursday,
Monday, Mar. 23d, at 3 P. M. ..SEMINOLE", Sunday,
Wedrniday, Mar. 25th, at 3 P. mr. .. 'IROQUOIS".. Tuesday,
Friday Ma'r. `7 1 n. ar p. il. "ALGONQUrN'I Thursday,
Monday, MNfr hun -i tp.M. .."CHEROKE0,". Sunday,

* From Jacksonville,



at 8:00.A. M.
at 10 A. M.
at 11:30 A. M.
at 2.00 P. M.
at 4:00 A. M.
at 6:00 A. MI.
at 8.00 A. M.
at 10:00 A. M.
at 12 Noon.
at 2:00 P. M.
at 4:00A. xM.
at 5100 A. M.
at -' : ,.\ M.
at .:5l, .,. .

St. Johns River Line.

For Sanford, Enterprise Pn.lT Tterr.ediate Points on the St.
JohnsE River.
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers
.:. \ E T- ." .. .- 3 ., ," '.

Capt. W. A. SHAW,

Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr.
Are appointed to salifrom Jackoso v,til, idilly except 5aturoay, at 3:1;i p. to and rom
Sanford, daily except Sunday, at c a. ro.

Read [ownn Real Up.
Leave 3:.i' P. Jacisornvillc Arrivell:4i P. M.
.' s.i P. M Pl Ika Leave 7:",0 i- M.
1:J 4. aM A t.r 2:1f P M
2:1 M.. .. Si. Fraucis 1:-15 P. M
6.:l1") -1. M BErs '.clri .. 11:45 A. M.
rt :ii i .. Blie pr i s .. i : A. M
Arrive SA:(Il A. M '!.n',ofrd. ':IJ A. M.
S 9:1.5 A. M Er.te-rprl.e 4:, A. M
Also Ste.imer EvERaGLADE ilfreibl orni7i from Jac ksaoijvllie for Astor Mond.iysi, Wedneq-
days and Fndaysat f. P. M. Returniueg lkEv}z Altor TuEidavs, Ihursdays and .trdays
: at lu A. M.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West. Bay Street.
r. 1I9. IRONl IONG'EK. Jr., Fla. Pass. Ag Ent, & WEiqt Bay 3i.. Jaekseonvill., FlI.
WT. F. OG IE FA Trraveli,- P ,seijer .Agert, W,-t Bay St. J,ack.onvilte, Fla.
J. O. PELOT, Frt. Amt.. on w anrf, foot Ho .i. S jrt. Jn.KiDovlle, Fi.
JOHNI L. HOW1 RD. Fla. Frt. A.',-nt, loot Laurqi.t., JacKsonvtije, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Supi., foou Laura St.. JacksonvilJe, Fla.
WiABSHAL H. CLYDE, Traffic Manaer,!S Bowtlinc Green, New York
THEO. G. EGER,Traffle Maasaer,.i Bowing Green N. Y.
S 'WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
S Soouh Wharves, Phliadellphit. 5 Boeling Green, N. T.

Williams & Clark Fertilizer Co.,

Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds St., Auo-uista, Ga
C. D. DUNCAN, Florida Salesman.

Americus Oranxe Tree Fertilizer,
Americus Orano-e Tree, No. .2,
-Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate,
Americus Pure Bone Meal. Americus Bone and Potash;
nAmericus Strawberry Fertilizer,
Americus SulDhate of Potash,
Florida- Ve- table Fertilizer.
-FE O c- tic. F. WVin"m,- Mandarin, Fla. Dr-H. Knight, Belevlaew, Fla.I M. E.
rmbnitFla -; M.-P. oifre,-Mbianeola,F -
-. corresjonden, ILL'A CA'LARK 'EBTILIZEB CO.
&M r-qAVgXLL7111AIM


Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Phila-
delphia, and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours.

Ocean Steamship Company.

(Central or 90 Meridian Time)
S Passage Rates : :
Between Jacksonville and New York: 1st class, $25.60; Intermediate, g19.i:,: Escuralon, 84.9),0
Steerage, i12.50.
Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, 827.00' Intermediate, $21.00; Excurslon,847.30; Steerage,$14.25
THE Magnificent Steamahips of this company are appointed to saal as follows -
S entral- or 900 Meridian Time.]

A' EE. .L ll ... .... ......
0IIIY .F BIRMINGHAMi, ,"art, E,,,; -
CITY OF ALrGUJ r IT'. CapI i.aLinri-
TALLAHASSEE, Capt..Fi.h- r .........
KANSAS CITY, Capt Ke-n .'
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Tf.- ... ... ... .....
NACOOCHEE. Capt. Smith
CITY OF AUGUSTA, ,'at C'*th il ,.
TALLAHASSEE, Capt F -r .. ............. ...
KANSAS CITY Capt. Kervion1 ... .... .
NACOOCHEE, Capt. Smith ......
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. B.ira ....
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Ca.. r.n' ..
TALLAHASSEE Capt. Flih er...... ..... ..
KANSAS CITY, 6apt. Kempton .

........Monday, Mar. 2- 9.30a m
W.,d nedi'v 4- 11.30 p m
S ..Fridan, ** 2.00 p m
.4..a..t iday, 3.00 p m
Monday, 6.00p min
W-d ur.da.v 11-- 63) pm
F'i 1sy 1 3- '7;31a m
SS..t0rday, It- 7.00p-m
MOI.V L.'3 I)- l10.OO.a mn
W -da, .l '. '*- iy Q- 12.?, p I1
F Frilay, -2i,- '..)i: p m
.. aiioirday, 1 3..i 5p nj
M,..iiy, i4" p in
........Widrne.'i ay, :.i- 5 i p mn
.... 'turdifa ':- 7 ;i* p m
.M.:.nda&., i-- 'i. p m

GATE CITY. Capt. D.oane.... r.-.-:av. lir. tl 1i a m
CITY OF SAVANNAH, C~pt. .. ..................... Iiday, 7- : i p m
CItY OF MAC(ON, Lewis ... .............. Wi\dl sa.i 11- 6.00pm
GATE.CITY Capt. D.ane ... .. .. .. ....... .u..V .. 9.00 a in
CITY 6 SAVANNAH. Capt. Oo...Fins .. irriuiday. 19- l..i p om
CITY -',F MA, iN. Cfrpi. Le i... .. .. ........ Mcay. _" 23- 4 ,"1 p m
GATE CITY, Caprt Ln .................... ... ..Friday, ** 2T i p m
CITY 'F SAVA. NN V H, Cap. O.:.)g.ns .... ... ...... ...........T eday, ** il-. 9.00 a m :
'Thi 'hilp does Nor Carry Pasiengeri a
DESSOUG, Capt. Askns ....... ..... .......- Wednesday, Mar. 6- 1.30 pm
DESSOUG, Capt.'Askns.............. .... Monday, 16-- 10 0)1a i
DESSOUG, Capt. Askin ... .................. ...... .......Th rsday, 26- 6.00p m
Connueting with the ivaisnrh. Flriida rAna iE-tsi r, Reltivy rWaytes Sn.orit Ljie, offer
to the Traveling Putr.ic and _rippr-i,E advtiirFeers ecutlled b;n6oother lit,.
Through Tickeie and P.ill- i Lradnr isue,,d to piltlcpal rile Nohh;iEast and Northwest
v'a Sav'anr-au. For iniormration end r,,.m appli Q_-
J. P. BECKWITH, Gncitail Aeal, H R. CHRISTTI,aRoSiilhtl~E Aaenl
71 W .eit Biay vireEt, Ji(kiorvtille. 7i Iest Sireet,J r.kkanv ile.
R. L. WALKER, Agent. C. t. A.tlIERSON. Acent,
NEi. Pier No. 15, North River, New Yors C:13y ExchbagaBulldin, SavarEnah, Ga.
RICHARDSON a& BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wi' Bo6n.
W. L. ,JAMES Agent. 1.i -. Third 'tre-et, Pnilad.lprj. ,
J D. HASHAGEN, Easrern Agenr. Stv.. Fia.,s WetteruR BroadwaV. N. Y
U. M. SORREL. Grn. Manager. -W. E ARNOLD, Ge.. T A .. ja.cksrmufe. Fia
For Tickets apply to S F.' W. Railway otlet.


W V = T.TA :

Grain, Garden Seeds ai





Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran,Wheat, Grits, Meal,

COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark.

J. E. Tygert A Co.s NITRATE SODA,

Star Brand Fertilizers NRATEF POTS
c,.mprai-ia mar .m SULPHATE POTASH,
Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT, E.
TheseiFerilzers have no superior In ine market and a trial will convince.


Milwaukee-Florida OIN C - g any..
(-HOrOEST Strains or Dtslltctive 'arie.lesof Crlt Our, o .
d large and complete. Prompt altentlo to. corr-eiOtdece Fo r c eand prlo-.l-' I
address : : A.-L.DU.NCANl M er Dm 'led__-Fla,-"

7..- :

- -_ --. .-4. .. '.* = .. ". "



FMARCH 5, 1891


Blood and Bone, Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,
Pure Fine Ground Bone, Linseed Meal,
-A-nimal Bone and Potash, Tobacco Stems,
Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes,
Chicao-o Bone Mleal, Sulphate of Potash, &1c
Or~na3ge 'Tree F-ooiW, Beariing 9"re es.
Orange Tree?, ood, "Young 'Trees,
SEVgtWaSlN- G 'l n WPot.,ato CS -ro-woar.
GEO. E. WILSON, Gen'l,.lirt., Q2 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.



anJ their '..rd ii is worth that of a hundred laboratories and
all-the rude Imitations of nature, which the combined chemical
sk II 0o f tie 1-orld can supply," says Norman Robinson, Florida
State ctemni-[.
Prof. S. W. Johnson, of the Conn. Experiment Station,
says :- "The fact is, a manufacturer can compound a fertil-zer
I nal will oilut.' well, and yet give a very poor substitute for
r&atly higb i,,; uwanure. Many 'bone manures,' 'ground
t.o ba% have been largely adulterated with inferior, cheap
S,~ t ruz'og,, wool, horn, heap vegetable matter, and
p F 'eild ao In rock, petrified bone, phosphates of in-
le kiriud; and yet. the deception has not been exposed by
. ifon analyses or valuation. On the contrary the figured
vanual lone sarede,,td tb,- unscrupulous manufacturer in out-
t(.in r bl pur, ana sup,-rior article."
S ykper ,ipeial Manure, made for different crops,
Su e growing c r.:,p at the proper time, in the proper
for in [lie proper proportions, the elements they need for
pertfetulriuy. irod to-day for ourjFlorlda pamphlet con-
taini lh* u sle In tl,rma ton.



A. III. BOND, General Agent,
50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

---Manufactured by the---
L B. Darling Fertilizer Company, Pawtucket, R. I.
Southern Offices and Warehouses, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
W. H. MACOMBER, General Sales Agent, Bostwick Building.
Our Fertilizers have given Universal Satisfaction the past season. Send tor Catalogue,
giving prices, and testimonials from some of the leading growers.

Yes our Seeds are THE BEST there is, that's all-
"one can be better, and if you plant them once, you will
want them again, OUR SEEDS, RO E S
no fear of that. OaRmEEr -- ------
especially Roses, Bulbs, Hardy Plants, etc., are known everywhere and sent everywherefospaid.
If you don't know a better place, send your orderT to us, but first write for our NEW GUIDE-a valuable
Book 124 pp. FREE, and see how much a lulIe ill do. THE DINGEE & CONARD CO. WEST GROVE, PA.


Building and Loan Association,
And Own a Home.
The terms of this Association have never been equalled in "Florida. It offers terms that
should enable every man to, instead of paying rent to a landlord, have same sum pay for
same property in a few years. It offers best terms to ,
Write, for particulars, to the above named Association
5 Everett Block, Jacksonville, Fla.


lorida Orange Co.
ti .. o COlras Fruit Trees a Specialty.

SBudding-Wood for sale at all times.
Our stock is large and cOmplete. PROM PT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. For
Catalogue and Prwc..-Llst, address,

A. L. DUNCAN, Manager,

Dunedin, Fla.

._pnd Gardeners.
For the past twenty-t-'l"o'years w'e have improved the "Pride of America"
Corn. It is the most proll~J prettiest and best corn in the world. It is very
early and pire white,. Makes a third more per acre on same land than if
planted in any other seed.- We have often shelled a pound of corn from a
single ear, and have many times made sixty to eighty bushels per acre on land
that will produce three fourths of a bale of cotton, and over one hundred
L ushels where land is rich. The .Deprtm.ent of Agriculture declares this to
be the best corn in the United States; afi ~-i no equal. Why plant poor
.seed, work hard d mak_ boQ tnalffi athould? Don't miss this chance
L of getting t b .orn s ac -'i'guaranteed or money refunded.
PR4"CE Satple pj~aG c.; lb.; 3oc.: i lb. 50c.; 4 lbs., $1.50,
S. .post pad. ~-r.$~ck, $2.25'; Y bushel, i4; i bushel, $6; over
one bushel, $5 Pi .ushel-.' Pf send stamps. Address at once,
' 35-4-lt -

Tone, Touch, Workmanm hip tDu ability
Baltimore, 22art,,t 4 East Baltlmore ,trEr t.
New York, IsU Fifth Ave
Washington, 817 '1aTr ket Spae'e.

Plai.d ,n Southern Homa since 18ia-Twosny y .as'
-; e,:' 3to' L J Sc',ua ..--- sl.' *. -r S ix lllillo ll D o lla rs
ars.I.,5arl .Drc a,.i._ Whv i Bee'sues the Oountry is
i.,-,.te. ,ri th Cheap. Interior Lnstrumtot,. budt
and itr public bas found out that
0-or [anSrrmuts led tne .rorld Our Prices. I.EiS
nrin t..'t.:.rer- Fr'n,,." Es.eist. Merbhds. Fairest.
I3.i.j.em-,nte. c na,:sI t e pa rei t.
W n i' 1T,6r r r. ,:f: O t dtl':,/ uei? ,n'd Cerelfla rl zplain u s
iulj--ll ir. pi.a pup o Eiy" r.:. bay i'rom *J1
Southern Music House, U

Fading .u:,ug men for the active dutiesol life
Oi-artertd by the Legislature of Virginia, and
eudjored by the Chamber cdI Commerce. Council,
aid pr.minle tcitizen iorfthecity wherelocated.
For catal .gue. circular r a ad test imouials, address
1. C~-*DlNSMORE, President, Staunton, Va.

Fo iurteen '. rietiles of land and water lowl.
Indian Games, Imperial Pekin
Ducks, Rrouze Turkeys.
Poultry supplies oall kinds. Serd a postal
card for my new Illustrated catalogue and
price lisis.
Eggs to Hatch.
E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla.

d every man, young, middle-aged,
- -1. and old; postage paid. Address
U. ~-. U iMnt,.381 Columbua.Ave..Boston.M..a.,


S-elected trainsof Choleb



-- m

_-- I1|


Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID EXV7KVXHI_HQU74O INGEST_TIME 2016-11-01T21:05:34Z PACKAGE UF00055764_00012