Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Material Information

Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Florida dispatch farmer & fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Florida dispatch farmer and fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Farmer's alliance
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville, Fla.
Chas. W. DaCosta,
Chas. W. DaCosta
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 33 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


General Note:
"Farmers alliance semi-tropical magazine consolidated January, 1889."
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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Resource Identifier:
ocm0833 ( NOTIS )


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Full Text






^),. Proprietors.

Jacksonville, Fla., Thursday, February 26, 1891.

Whole No. 1152.

Vol. II, Nod. 9.


One and one-half miles from Peru, Fla.,one-
half mile from Alafla river. 110 bearing trees
In first-class condition, 15 to 18 years old.
Good water, healthy locality. Tract contain-
ing 70 acres. Address, P. M., Peru, Fla.

S "oMeon's Patent Plow-Colter and Gauge beats
the-world. Adjnstible to any Plow, one or
Stw6..horsA-. .avedis, 20 per cent. In labor for
man and beast, and enables you to turn any
kind of grass, vines or weeds completely out
otsight OG.AR\NTIKD. Spend fov circular.
Agents wanted. Hunlsvllle, Ala.

Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished
on applcaLion.

Agent.s for OGoreta Carnilua and Missouri
melon ,l) cars rcriverd yearly. Leaders
in Bananas and Floilda Oranges. Consign-
menit solicited hud best return.
R(-terencee- Wnie I'rul trade, lMasonic
Bank. an.d Co. Kxebanae BanrK.
Pittsburgh, Pa., '!e to '-1' Lioerty avenue.
New Yorr, N. .1 P 'ark Place and *25
a ashington fte-t.
Philad'elpnia. Pa.. Ja-. Sallta, 11 and 13
Dock str-et.

Pr, .f a enerri hne ot ifrult rreeadapted
ItO EIrl. a aDI etl-.- a.un t [ar'-a. f-I.:rlda grown pcoeb
and Oriental plum Flit' rarieries ol
peac'and., fliteen f01 plum Fiacb ,u now pea.h
and tMarlannia plum ri._. Aprncot4. nectarines,
Salmnoai., pirean. JeDnue'aS FlorldI apple. epc: No
agent; employed. C._:rreip, Bdcnge Ol(lied

Allows etock of all kinds tI) graze and pre-
rents browning Trees and lhrubs fully pro-
References, S. B Hubbard A Co., Jackson-
* Prce, 0t 6 each at factory.
S witzerland, Fla.
A 1 EACH & SON.,
Trees and Plants of all kinds suited to this
climate. Camphor trees a specialty. Also
Japan Chestnuis, Pecans and Japan Persim-
No..0 -:urth Front Street,
Southern Fruits and Veretables, Specialties
Reierec,.---Dr. B. Ridgeiy, President FarmerS'
Bank, Dorer, Di.. D J Cumminga, Preesident miryma
Bank, Smyrna Del ; Floida Fertulzer Co.. Oahims-
vlfe; Fla.; .tofnsfn & StokE, Be .iD erehartr, 119
M-arket St., Paiadeiphiia: C-il. J. De V. Bazzard
Eusrts PFla Maj. John Mullins, NoriolK, Va.; Produce
Nat of al'B.da'B Philadelpuia
Stencelfnimlsbedl when r quested. Re-turns maie
on day of sale.

...TRY HASTi INGS. S ED Ci asseass Luttichau. best and by week
the earliest market grape in Florida.
They are the best. They are grown for use in the South. i
They are adapted to our Florida soil and climate. Give them a write for catalogue.
trial. Our new catalogue for 189o-91 will be sent on application. .12-4-4t rlevN L Flma.
Seedsmen and Florists. Intrelachen, Fla. L-LE R S L I E 0 R A N G Ej

START RIGHT AND KEEP RIGHT by buying your vines
of those who. have had experience and have MADE A SUCQESS
give full instruction as to planting and care of vines. -.
State Agents for thte Niagara WVhite Gr;ape CGopanies' Suprior.Vines,
and Green Mountain,
Box 492, Orlando, Fla.

Odfices 6 \Vest B..y Rtiuet, Warehouse. ,n.i Wnar'V-eit tue terralnus of the F. C. & P. R. R.,
S. Jono- River, Lat .Jackconville.

Manufacturers of :0Commercial Fertilizers.
Wholesale dealers In and Importersofjall kind,- of Agrlcultural Cnemilcals.
Send usyotitname and.wewill mallt you frinm time I) time much general information
regarding successful orange a:nd vegetable culture n i lorlda.
The Finest Recommendation to beObtained in the State.-Florida Experiment Station.-Jas. P.
.. DePass, Director.
S* LAKE CITY, PLA., Oct. 24. 185).
MN ESSRS E. T. PAIN E A SON. Dear 1rs--I bare used your "Orang.e Tree Food" on my
grove for two yt-ars and my trees are growing very d tely. It is an zrilcenIt iierlize'r and I
can roe.-om,rn.I nd mn.. hfvPhpi. Your tIruly, J sA. P. Ls PASS. -
TAMP.k, FLA.,Ole 20,1890.
Meiias. E T PAINE .5 SON. Gentlemen- anm so far s. isled witn the results obtained
by he i- ..t your Orarne Fnorn" Fernl iJlr, on which I us-d over 5 tIons Iho past season.
My fruit i- vert drni and nfieavy Fiv-' year continuous urse of this blaud ahows that it pro-
duces a mtin t .un-.skinnr.t ruit watleh carries o n msriKet unuer average conditions in ex-
cel'ent shape .Not one bad or.-er" report aid I r celve the ptnat seasou. The wood growl
obtainea by Ine iiee oi your lertlllizr Is not at great as I'% -.-e oluers, but I. HEA ILrHY and
CERT.;rN Vours truth. J M. W TECROUS..




4_A.7E 3 y O C l TJM O N ECT>

y bll]iY T Miller, bijinp!InCott & 0'Qs i TURATO."
FeUl izr o Vegetal en FrIlT aUb-n.VEGETATOR"
Complete Fertllizers for Vegetables and Fruit Trees. Analysis and prices upon application.
BtKER BROS, State Agents.
GEO. W. BAKEB'P RnOTTED BONF M1N, URE. Decomposed wiLh tPoiash.. -82 per
a delivered. Guaranteed'Analysli. Send for Catalogue and sample..
BAKER BROS.. Special Agents, Palm Springs, Fla..
EATON, IRIOYER, and all leading and new varieties
.of grape vines. Nailveand Foreign.
1 r price lile, and estimates with special diECounts on
j|r |yt N i I large orders, addieis,. -
E. DUBOIS, Marnager,
Ban Luis and Andalusia Nurseries and Vineyards, Tallahbssee, Fla.
for price list of FLORIDA WINES.

[ L -N U K iK Y. -- .
(Only 800S yards from depot.)
Thousanid, of sweet s-edlings twO) to flee ye
(ol3.], [r-m .r-?ed dlr-.'tlv from the roaus Tnckel
t-r,.r-e. SpIleail ele[i,'On c..t bildded trees, thorn-
l tan,0 otnerw Ie Nalrltnse Ova.l. led. Sweet Jaff
WahijUTr.:-t. N avel. Taingernl.l Peerless, Raymond
Sn,:elt ana',) ourr Trne last named Is a new and
splendid earlery, early and swes. Oar prices lre
the Il.i.-t[. Try u and Yiu -lt1 pdarchase.
AitireS. J. C. S.tSUNER. M1Tanager.
Care E A. FAaru, Elersle. Pasco Co., Fla.

e.w. BAsn. TT; I H. BA.RNETT-
. : :-" "STABLIHED 186_1E


Wa'ies ttl (o)m mission, Fruits and Vegetables.
Prompt returns.- Steuclla on application
i' South Water 8creeL. Chloago.

Forthe sale of Oranges, Lemonsan Btuanaas.
Ample storage and refrigerators. Cor-
respondencesoll.llied. StenIlls-tinitshed.
Reerernaes-Mircantile National Bank. Wm. Ed.
warisa C&o. WCIholecf Oroaers; Chid,, OroB& Co.,
WVV h sole B.osi and Snoes: Bradsrr[-ets R.O.
[un a Co..'a Mere.utile Agencies; "Olo Farmer,"


No. 625 Liberty'Ave.,
Commission Merchiants, Deqlers in Foreign
and Domestic Fruits. Oranges In car lota a.
Consign ments and correspondence solicited
IfreCencte, German National Bank.
References: Dr. Henry Foster, Oviedo, Fia.;
Capt B F Whitner, Fort Reed, Pla.; Firs i ,
National Bank, Sanford Fla ; 8. P. Slgh,
Lady Lake, ?Is ; J. W Roberts. Oraige
Bmnd, Fla; Dr L 'L. Newsom.CrescentO ty,
Fla. Fourth National Bank, Boston; H.
Harris & Co, Boston. .
-Oranges, Lemons,-Pineapples, and-a- other
Fruits and early tryck, also, dried fruit,
auLs, lirs. ec. e
All conslgnments promptly remitted for.
Stencils and market reports fartiJshed free.
References: Bradstreets. and established
merchants ar.d banks of t.bhe South'

Receivers of Florida Oranges. Lemons, Grape
Fruit and Tangerines
stencls furnished free.
Reference-l hatham National Bank, N. Y.;
Jas. A. Harris. Citra, Fla.
Prompt returns on all conslgnments.


NN \



Sure Death to all Insects.


Berry Crates and

Send for Circular.
Waycross Railroad Wharf,



_______ yr



E]. BEA N,

Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and
is a sovereign remedy- for the various forms of fungi on trees ani plants. Being free from all substances
of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the pers on, and applied
to the, trees at any stage of growth without injury.
This insecticide has been used by some of the the largest orange-growers in the State during the
past year, and has given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.
For Red Spider: and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.
In barrels and half barrels. :If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.
Manufactured by McMA-STER & MVTTJTT-IPR, .
San Mateo and Citra, Fla.


--' l.e 3P lo Cr 1 C1a E& =01 M 3 at 40,33. I .l3a .e--
With the Magnificent Connections.
~ h G e t E a t E prs4re.t in.S y t m b h o t .

'' The Great fast Express Freight System of the So.uth
The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S. Line between, Havana, Key West and Tampa, and -touth EFlorida Railway between Tanmpa and Zanford S, F.. Ry ,-- .-
tween Jacksonville, Gaineaville, Balnbridge, River Junction and Savannah, Savannah and Charleston, and Ocean Ste!.~in it Line between Savannab, Pbtiladephia, B.:.r'on aBid New-
York, and Merchants and MlnetaTransportationC"m-rupany etvweer S4avannah and Baitimore .The best equipped, fastest and most prompt" lines between all point- li Finrldar ad ait
points Northb and Northwest. Re elver_ and shippers will jiodt rj. te following unparalleled counecilons:
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albahy, Jesup, Beinbrldge and "Doubledaily faa freightl s ieF rru all polnisNorth and Wfst \6 Alisauv.Bainbrlde
Savannah. Jesup ano Savanoab to mil p-'int In Fiorida; fast freight trains both via aainesville, k
Daliy fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantle Coerl Lin. to all Erstern, Interior sonvdile, a'ulaban and Live ak.
"---,and Coast points, Including New York. Boston, Pnliadelp:,his. Batinmore, Va sb;hlgtor. and Four hlps a wek iy he(- flet ste-amrunip, or the cian Stiani-b.p t'O.n'ppny. Sailing from
Providence. New York i New Pler3o.. North Rivei,j direct lor ~_aannan Monday, WVedjnsday, Frilara and
Four conn-ctions a week for New York via Ocean SteamshlpComrany, ieavIng Savannal Siturdatv.
Monday, Wednesdays, FridaysaEnd Salurdays. The Boston and Savannah St,"anship Compan,'s .teanert wUl leave Boston Feb 9
Two connect ons a week for Baltimore, via Merchants' and Miners' rransportatIlonom- i., I, 2~5 and Qfori!-avannar direci, mnaking.cnnectionon nedock at savannah with fast
po.ny.leav-ingSavannah every Wednesday and Saturday. fre-ight trains for ill points in Flnrlda
Connecllons for Boston via Boston and tBaannan Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steam6nlpCo., leaving Philadelphia teb. 9, 19,, Mar. i and
Feb. 3, 7,11,15,19,23, *7. every flvedays from rEgular sallig day via New York ioe savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving 'From Baltimote via NMerchritis and Miners Transportation Lo., every Tuesday and
Savannah Feb. 14 and 24. Friday, making close connection with S., F. s W. Ry. for all points In Florida
Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change without notice.
The Florida Dispatch LUne Is Ibe quickest and best freight r(r.if fiom aU points North, Eapt and West to Flor da. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping receipts apply to.
any agents of the above lines, or to WlM. P. HARDEE, Oen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ua.
0. D. OWENS, Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. M. DAVI DSON, Gen'l Trafic Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. SPOrSWOOD, Tray. AgL., Galnesville, Fla. J. P. JORDA.N, Trav. Agcnt. Quincy. J. E. DBAaoN, Trav. Agent, Jacksonville. J. H. STEPHENS, Agent, Jacksonville.

CATAL6 UE, Suastis, Lake Qo-nty, Fla.,
with practical into to beg.a ners, Is worth sending for II contoatn valuable inLormallon LO Offer for sale for Immediate planting :
all.' with a U1t of all the, cnoloest varieties of -the citrus family grown. Peaohes, A. n TC K"
,ar.s, i ,s,. Apricotl persm s, peB ,ran othe.d eft p he A FINE STOCK OF ORANGE AND LEMON TREES
cllmale of Florida. Oar took Is grown on high pine land,and is one of the finest and lar. One ana two year buds; oholeest varieties, aU grown on pine land.
gest In the State. IT IS GROWN TO SELL IF ANY ONE CAN SUIT YOU, WE CAN. My Nurseries were entirely uninjured by the March freeze. Plant now durktgthe ral3p
Everyone should have our catalogue. Free on application. Just send your name for one, season. Write for special prices.
B w. W. PIERCE. Indian Springs. Lake Coulnit. G. H. NORTON.



[FEBRUARY 26 1891



$2.00 PER YEAR]


[$2.00 PER YEAR

tA.- I A week later they reported their many vines have been planted this for grape-gnowing than for wine mak-
l iHleya&IrlC sales as follows: season, ing. The reader will certainly not
Forspring planting, 1889 ........... 7,500 vines Nearly every variety has been fail to note the remark: of Mr. God-
Progress in Viticulture in Florida. 1890 .......... 89,084 tested here and the following are as bey, a careful, conservative man and
Sofar, 1891 ......................... ,240 successful as anywhere in the United a practical grower of many years' ex-
Believing that it would interest our This is a very good record, con- States: Ives, Hartford, Champion, perience, that grapes are found to be
,readers to learn something of the sidering that these gentlemen have Delaware, and Niagara. About two- more profitable, for the space occupied,
progress of grape-growing in the been selling only three years, and thirds of all planted here are Ives than any other fruit planted at Waldo.
State, we addressed letters to the have heretofore sold only one variety, simply because they are the best ship- And Waldo is noted for its fine peaches,
principal specialists in this branch, the Niaara. pers. also for its oranges.
principal specialists in this branch, agara. I only give you the above informa- The success of grape-growing in
asking them to give us the approxi- FROM TALLAHASSEE. tion as dots. I may give you an arti- Florida ought now to be considered as
mate acreages in their respective Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: cle on grape growing in this section at established beyond cavil-everywhere
localities and in their counties. ,We In compliance with your request I some future time. in the State, except on occasional areas
also askedthem to point out the drift herewith send you a list of the vines Waldo, Fla. T. K. GODBEY. of soil which some chemical constitu-
of advancement in this industry by (rooted) sold by me uring the past Mr. H. von Luttichau, of Earleton, Dubois, at Tallahassee, has forty-seen
three years. I can guarantee the Dubois, at Tallahassee, has forty-seven
.showing, as well as could be done, the figures of this list to be perfectly ac- writes that, as he produces mostly for- acres- in vines, and, at the date of his
direction of the heaviest orders for curate: E. DuBois. eign varieties, his orders are chiefly last report, some of them were eight
vines. All of them responded but ralhassee, Fla. small, but range from Florida to years old and still showed no signs of
one. Some of them gave statistics of Texas. He estimates the acreage at decay. The varieties which he has
wine-making, but as this inquiry was List of grape vines shipped through- Waldo and vicinity at about twenty- found to succeed are numerous.
directed only to the specialty of grow- out Florida by the San Luis and five.
ing grapes for early shipment to the Andalusia vineyards and nurseries At Waldo several varieties are men-
North, we have omitted that feature from November I, 1887, to Novem- PUTNAM COUNTY. tioned as successful by Mr. Godbey,
in order to give uniformity to the re- ber I, 1890: Mr. Holmes Erwin, of Sisco, the and a few miles distant, at Earleton,
ports, though, ,of course, the reader well-known wine maker, estimates that Mr. von Luttichau has abundantly
will understandthat not all these s about fifty acres were planted in the demonstrated the adaptability of at
-were sold :or planted for. this purpose. uMBER OF county last year, and that the total least that part of Florida to some of
ALso,. further, it -ges without saying VINEs. acreage at present may be about one the finer French grapes, notably the
that a considerable proportion of these COTESD. ^ hundred. His own vineyard includes Chasselas and its Florida offspring,the
plantings everywhere will result in 6 twenty acres, and about Siscohe esti- Chasselas Luttichau, a very early
partial or total failure. 1887-88 1888-89 1889-90 s mates that there are thirty acres, market grape.
SBRADFORD COUNTY. Mr. Hostetter's thriving vineyard
ORANGE COUNTY. Alachua ...... 787 2.942 9v9 4,718 27 on South Lake Weir, Lake county,
Editor 'armer and Frult Grower: Baker ....... 500 5 1,076 1,29 10 Some of the strawberry growers s proven that the Rogers hybrid
S My sales of grape vines to date for Brevard.... 204 780 5 -989 10 about Starke became somewhat dis- will flourish there under the proper
winter planting 'are about 29,000, Cirusn ........ ......15 156 courage by the poor returns which underthe proper
rn:..l. r. ll Nu1L.,ra. The largest sale Clay........... 129 1,319 2,109 3,557 19 the uncommonly hard conditions of
goes to near Lake Charles, La., 6,800oo. to.......... 9 2 8 2 t year caused them to receive (though In Orange county Messrs. Haynes,
I have several sharp. inquiries for Dural .. .... .... 3 s 5 there are no substantial grounds for Young & Bailey, Wright, .Mott, and
several thousand.-vet. Practical viti Franklin ..... 810 80 98 '268 5 this feeling, since those whopersevered others have shown that the Niagara
-culturists mtist show the thousands of adden. 10 ........ 1 have now a fine prospect before themi, may be made a source of profits which
cutuhtosnso ernando... 22 1,t50 e4y der 'e distance even the orange.
people now -seeking homes in Florida sboro 2.... 50 1, 57 and they determined to trygrapes. distance even the orange.
hat there is money in planting grapes ... ...... 83 1 Mr. Irving C. Webb, the editor of the Rev. James H. White, at "'Island
that. there is money in planting grapes Jackson ............. 7 1
in our State, and that doing so is a Lake .. ...:: i8 180 1,689 2,487. 34 Telegraph, writes us that about ten Home," Merritt's Island, Indian
Lee : ... ....... .... ...... 5 5 1 .
sate investment. When we have ac- eon ......... 6,762 15,20 664 21,63 6 acres will be planted as an experiment. River, in 1875 planted thirty-two
complished this fact, then thousands Manate ,4 10,77 2,2 ESCAMBIA COUNTY. 51 ....... 5 varieties of vines, of which nine were
of dollars will come to our State in Nassau ....... 4 12 ....... 16 2 Rogers' hybrids. A member of .the
May, June and July t buy our grapes. range ...... 4,17 1,968 2,8178,98 Col. S. S. Harvey, ofthis county, Indin River Horticultural Society,
May, June GEO. H. WRIGHT. Peo .713 494 88 1 informs us that there are several vine- who had grown grapes for forty years
Co haluota, Fla. Iii a8. 55" 1,292 1 yards rear Pensacola, which supply in New Jersey, pronounced Mr.
t lett f uanta os .. .. 2,5 8, 41 that city and also ship early grapes to White's Wilders the largest grapes, he
"'In reply to our "letter of inquiry, Santa Rosa ........ 260 231 491 .2 tha cit
St. Johns yn.. 2,27 18 2,851 Northern markets., Among these he ever saw, and-the clusters of the hy-
Mdssrs. Haynes, Young & Bailey, of Sumter 85 665 88 783
voga .......l 8e96 495 817 1,208 recalled those' of J. V. Dansby, Mr. brids as uncomrionly large.
the Niagara Villa Vineyard, Orlando, Wakuna ......... ..... 8.0 1 Stoddard and Mr. Keelin, whose The late A. i. Bdwell, of Orlando,
under date of February 12, say: "It Walton ...... 900 90 522 2825 7 The late A. Bidwell, of Orlandp,
is a littleearly to ashington..... 1,100 20 1,420 4 vineyards would aggregate eight or tested forty kinds in his grounds
a s you indicate. Our sales so far this 22,641 39,602 27,394 89 87 388 ten acres. Besides these, within a during a period of seven years, and
season, although hard l started, are year or two, several vineyards have he said: "Grapes will pay over $300
almost a? large as they were during IN ALACHUA -COUNTY. been planted which are yet too young per acre. My Hartford Prolifics have
the whole .of lastseason. Later we Editor FarmerandFrut-rower: to bear. This is also the case in the paid over $400. The bunch. grapes are
ay give you a fullerreport. There are within a radius of about adjoining cunty, Santa Rsa, where too valuable i e s to make wine
Number of acres in grapes about two miles of Waldo about twelve Mr. A. W. Stewart, a progressie ofthem. The most profitable .are the
SOrlando, 7o acres of vines planted that are. of a vineyardist from Illinois, has taken Hartford; Ives, and some of ihe
Approximate acreage of Yineyards fruiting age, besides nearly every placthe initiative and is ot 'f rogers, because they ripen early.
in range county. 252. has a few vines planted for home use early grapes are very proftable for We' have italicized the most striking
in Appro- imat acreage o vineyent t' 'dplcaga et. .o es bs can d os.f the ripe ear
Number of acres planted. last;.year, The first vines were planted here shipment to Chicago, St. Louis and of his statements.)
58.- about nine years ago, and vine plant- -ncinnat. At another time Mr. Bidwell said:
-: Number of acres to be planted this ing has steadily increased every since. IN GENERAL: "The' advantages Flbrida possesses
-year (planting .season begins about Grapes yield a larger' profit to the The great number of small plantings over all other States in. point of early.
February is), 15-2. land they occupy than. anything else is a good feature of these reports; it ripening place us beyond competition.
-iAY ,, YQUN9 -BAJtEY.j planted in this vicinity. I don't thiiink shows that the vines are planted more While the Northern grape-grower Jis,

... fr ,,

content with three to ten cents per about the'flavor of their grapes that which are becoming more and more ,-v i
pound, we can expect to realize from animal manures are wholly excluded, difficult to contend with.-Am. Culti- rove Und Orc[hard.
twenty to forty." The grape uses considerable phosphate zrator. ... -
We may add that this prediction, as in
we may call it, has beeri more than in making its fruit, but the vine roots Cheap Prices for Niagara Grapes Budding.
realized. run so deeply that it requires a long The writer bought in this city the The right time to bud is (i) when
W < time before phosphate in any nat- present week a five-pound basket of mature or almost mature -buds of the
Fertilizers for..Grapes. rally fertile soil is exhausted. Soil Niagaras for 25 cents. This was present season's growth can be had.;
Experiments with commercial fertil- for grapes should be dry and deep. lower than these grapes were ever to (2) when the bark of the stock peels

zers in vineyards, contini
years in the Rhine dis-
trict, have given encour-
aging results, showing
that such manures can be
profitably substituted for
stable manures,as to effect*
on both quantity and
quality of the fruit, al-
though in general no im-
portant advantage over
stable manure is gained.
Nevertheless it may be
comforting to those who
cannot get for their vines
all the stable manure they
would like, to know that
by judicious use of super-
phosphates, potash -salts
and nitrogen compoiTnds,
they may be able to get
with the same outlay as
for stable manure just as
good crops, and often
better ones. It was ob-
served in these experi-
ments that less favorable
results were obtained with
white than with colored
grapes. The explanation
is given that white grapes
are, deeper rooted, and
that the manure should
have been put in deeper
to get the same results.
The best manner of ap-
plying the fertilizers was
found to be to make with
,an irpn pfst-hole bar, nar-
row, oblong excavations
about eighteen inches
deep at short distances
from the vine, and to
sprinkle in each hole four
,or five ounces of the
manure; four or five such
excavations may be made
around each vine, and
they are left open to col-
lect the rain for the
solution and distribution
of the plant plant food;
the application is made
late in fall or early in
spring. A mixture con-
taining 6 per cent. of
soluable phosphoric acid,
6 per cent. of potash as
sulphate, and 3 per cent.
of nitrogen as ammonia
salts or nitrate, has given
the best results; for
deeper rooted grapes the
nitrogen is better applied
in the form of nitrate so
that when taken into
'solution it may sink deep-
er---DR. G. C. CALD-
:WELL, in N. Y. Tribune.
Mineral Manures for Gr
Mineral Manures for Gra

In the vine-growing countries of
Europe, only the' trimmings of the
grape vines are used for manure.
'1 hese are burned, and the potash is
sprinkled around among the vines:
So particular are the vine growers

for four If not naturally dry, it should be sell for at wholesale. What does the freely; (3) when the stock is about

Mr.. 1"

a A-.

, = -... :

_Q s :-... '- -. ..V ,F

S '

7 5-A

;j I

/a" N X.
f .. _ ;" --.. -.-., -''V .-' .. '. -

,, :,S, ''' 1'
.:.t,:, >:.[ : ,:. --,- -:. -:' -.SI:"
..4": : t; -< -. :d/ .- '.7-.;-- .- _,t

made so by deep drainage. Manur-
ing with stable manures may produce
a large growth of wood, and in fa.
vorable circumstances heavy grape
crops, but it is not favorable to' the
health of the vine. Indeed, by mak-
ing. too .much wood, or causing the
vine to overbear, it may predispose to
the dreaded disease of mildew and tot,

grower get? The grapes probably
sold for about 20 cents at wholesale.
The baskets cost five cents each. De-
duct transportation, commission, pack-
ing, etc., and how do the fancy prices
vanish ? An'd this before half the Ni-
agara vineyards are in bearing. The
grapes mentioned were grown at Port,
Byron, N. Y:-Rural New Yr fer.

careful eye.


paste-like, wood-material makes a.
wound which nature proceeds at once
to heal, and while the healing process
is going on the bud inserted dries up
and dies, instead of growing fast to
the stock, as it should.
The bark being raised a bud is cut
from one of the sticks of buds, the

. .v.





[FEBRUARY 26, 1891

completing its growth, as
shown by the condition
of the terminal buds.
In preparing the sticks
of buds as soon as a scion
is cut the leaves are to
be cut off, all but a short
piece of the footstalk,
which is left to hold the
bud by when putting it
in place. 'The leaves
carry off moisture so fast
that if not removed at
once the buds would be
spoiled in a short time.
Generally the point of
the shoot for several
inches, is too immature
and it should be rejected.-
These sticks of buds-
cions with only a piece
of each footstalk remain-
ing-must be kept very
slightly damp-not- wet
-until used. They can
be preserved for a week
if necessary by prevent-
ing evaporation. This is
done by putting around
them moss (shparnum)
which is barely damp,
then wrapping in some
air tight material (oil silk.
is best, but prepared
paper does well) and
tying closely with sewing
thread of any kind. In
'this condition they can
be sent many miles, by
mail or other convey-
ance, if desired.
In budding two incis-
ions are made just
through the bark, choos-
ing a smooth place on the'
stock. The upright in-
cision should be an inch
or so in. length ; the cross
incision, made at the
upper end of the fornier,
need not be over a third
as long. Raising the
bark begins at this upper
end. It may be done
with the thin end of the
knife-handle made on
purpose, or with the
round point of the-bud-
ding -knife, as is done by
many expert budders.
The important point in
raising the bark is to
avoid touching the soft,
new wood immediately
underneath. It requires
a steady -hand and a
To touch this immature,


thin, keen blade of the knife entering
half an inchbelow the footstalk and
coming out about three-fourths of an
inch above it, taking as thin a slice of
the wood* as possible. The bud is
now to be taken by the short piece of
the footstalk and inserted at the upper
end of the incision and pushed gently
down to the lower end, finally cutting
off any projecting portion at the upper
end, so as to make a good fit.
Tying should be done at once, to
exclude air and moisture, beginning
at the lower end and covering every
part of the incision, but leaving out
the footstalk and the point of the
The tying material may be narrow
strips of muslin or calico, or a few
threads of woolen yarn; or where
much budding is to be done prepared
linn (basswood) bark.
In about a week it can be seen
whether the bud has taken. If suc-
cessful the leafstalk will remain fresh
and green, and on being touched will
drop off. If it sticks fast and looks
shriveled the bud has failed; but if the
bark still peels freely the operation
may be repeated, choosing a new
place on the stock.
The tying may be taken offin about
three weeks, after which nothing need
be done until spring.
In Europe the rule is said to be to
take the thin piece of wood out of
the bud as soon as it is cut off; but in
the United States it is usually left in,
and it seems to do just as well, and
time is saved.-Ex.

Spanish Chestnuts.
At Dosoris, on the north shore of
Long Island, is a tree about fourteen
feet high. and a doien years old that
has last 'year ripened a crop of as
handsome chestnuts as any one could
wish to see. It is one of the finer
large-fruited varieties cultivated in
Europe, whence the tree itself was
imported, and is budded standard
high on the common seedling Spanish
chestnut. Although it has borne a
fair crop of chestnuts every year for
the past six years, last summer it
made a special effort and yielded a
bountiful crop.
SWhile I concede that the American
chestnut is the sweetest of all chest-
nuts, it would have but a poor
chance in our markets in competition
with these big brown beauties from
Southern Europe. The tree is an
early bearer, very fruitful, and appar-
ently perfectly hardy here; but, true,
it is growing in a very favorable situa-
tion-a warm, sheltered spot on a
south-facing slope, and- on light land.
.Spanish -chestnut trees are not re-'
garded as being perfectly hardy as far
north as New York, but this is more a
question of young trees than old ones.
In some European nurseries special
varieties of Spanish chestnuts are cul-
tivated for sale, as we do special sorts
of apples or pears, and all of them are
"worked" on seedling stocks, as we
.do in the case of varietiesof fruit trees
generally. SeedlingI from the fine
varieties of chestnut trees areno more
apt. to be identical with their parents
than are seedlings of Crawford' or.
Mouniain Rose peaches likely, tq be
She same-as their parents, hence the

necessity for "working" them, and
"worked" plants usually bear fruit
earlier than do ordinary seedlings.-
Am. Agriculturist.
Young Fruit-Trees.
We have never found a better way
to judge of the bearing of young fruit
trees, and to decide whether they are'
bearing too little or too much, than
to observe the length of the annual
shoots. The treatment it then to be
given in accordance with the .result of
this examination. If the growth is
slow, mellow culture or fertilizers will
be necessary. If, as generally hap-'
pens, slow growers bear too much, thin
out most or all the fruit when small,
which will aid in giving the trees more
vigor, and what little fruit there is
will be worth more than the numerous
small and scrubby specimens. Small
growth and too much small fruit go
together, and thrifty growth furnishes
a few large ones. If the annual
shoots are not over afoot long in the
early years of fruit-trees, more vigor
must be given them. Nothing is bet-
ter than top-dressing with barn manure
late in autumn or early in winter.-F.
F. THOMAS, in Country Gentleman.
Boston Fruit Company in Jamaioa.
Last spring it was given out as a
bugbear that a ereat fruit company in
Jamaica had ordered twenty million
orange buds from Florida, and were
going into the business of orange-
growing in that- island, to our vast
detriment. The New England Grocer
has been printing a series .of letters
from Jamaica, and we have read them
diligently for some intimation of this
scheme, but have found not a word.
This company are, however, going
extensively into banana culture and
truck farming, as the following extract
"Soon after crossing the, Rio
Grande we came upon the company's
estates, drove along the edge of a
magnificent field of bananas. The
estates of the Boston Fruit Company
extend, from end to end, perhaps oo00
miles around the winding coast, and
at each estate there is a landing place
where the bananas are brought from
each estate and transported to the
steamers. At intervals there are what
are known as buying stations, where
a buyer of the company buys bananas
from the natives who raise them on'
their land, and bring them in to sell.
Indeed, it is less expense to buy a
bunch of bananas than it is to; raise
one, but the Jamaica black, owing to
his natural aversion to what he is-
pleased to regard as -overexertion,
needs somebody to set an example
for him; consequently the Boston
Fruit Company, by going into the *ex
tensive cultivation of the banana, has
induced the natives to "go and do
likewise," and hence has been a great
power in establishing prosperity in
this part of the Island of Jamaica. In
fact,. the Jamaicans take more readily
to cultivating the banana than- to,
doing anything else, for they have
only to plant the shoot, bestow upon
the growing plant a little care and cut
the bunch when it is matured; and
then they have ready money by taking
it to. the company. They can see
this, and what a native can see be-

fore his eyes he can appreciate and
understand. The Boston Fruit Com-
pany, however, have about 12,820
acres of banana land and cultivate the
bananas systematically. The shoots
are planted in long rows, several feet
apart, the land having been prepared
by trenching, the plants growing on
the elevated row between the trenches.
The field is kept weeded, and in about
twelve months each plant produces a
fine bunch of bananas. The tree is
then cut down, and the field is once
more planted with shoots. Of late
the Company has undertaken to raise
such produce as tomatoes, cucumbers,
etc., in which they are having con
siderable success. There is a bright
future before them in this' line, for
they can strike the Boston market
with tomatoes and cucumbers and
other vegetables when none are in
receipt from other sources, and no
other section in the world can corn
pete. Thus the market-vegetable in-
dustry is destined to become a very
important one, and no better tomatoes
can be grown anywhere than here on
the company's estates."

An Orange to be Named.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
I have mailed you to day. two or-
anges which I wish to have examined.
They were handed me by Mr. George
L. Michael of this place, and are from
a seedling tree in his brother's grove.
It seems' to be a summer orange, as
he says a month ago it was not fit to
eat and it seems not yet tully ripe.
He calls attention to the shape, the
ease with which, the peel comes off
and the lobes separate, and to the in-
ternal structure of the pulp, resemb-
ling that of a grape fruit, also to its
peculiar flavor.
We would like to know if it belongs
to any recognized variety or whether
it is a new thing, and if. so what is its
probable value ? 'Can it, rank as a
valuable acquisition to our list of
oranges .or not ?
Glen Ethiel, la.
This orange has a peculiar elonga-
tion at the stem end which gives it
something of a pear shape. This
would be of value in itself as a dis
tinictive mark. The peel separates
rather easily, and is not too thick.
Mr. A. H'. Manville pronounced the
flavorr good. There is considerable
pulp, though the relative amount of
this is always seemingly increased
when the orange has been touched
with frost, as this had been slightly.
A sumrner orange also generally car-
ries more pulp than a winter or mid-
season orange. You should put out
some buds of this variety and fruit
them. "This peculiar marking may re-
appear in the progeny and if may not.
If it is persistent and the quality re-
mains as good as this probably was
before it was frosted, it would deserve
a name and propagation. The leaf
resembles that of the Tangerine some-
what, but is larger.,-ED.

Sinning Against the Trees.
Nothing is more common than to
see mutilated trees in- nearly every
city and town 'in the country--big
limbs cut, off near .the- body of the.
tree, left. unprotected, and of course

rotten to the heart. This is a- sin
against nature. The very, limbs
necessary, says a noted horticulturist,
to protect the trunks against the wind'
and sun, just where they are needed
most, are cut away.
But the greatest injury is the rotting
which nearly always takes place,
especially with trees of slow growth,
like the oak, pecan, etc.
When a big limb is sawed off, too
big to heal over, it must rot; and be-
ing kept moist by the growirg tree it
is in the right condition for decay. :If
on the body, the rotting goes on until
it reaches the heart. Trees should be
pruned and put in shape while young.
'Trimmed in the early stages of their
growth, the wounds will heal, and if
properly done they will be healthy
and symmetrical in form, needing no
further work.-New Orletns Times-

Cool House, Orchids. -
The class of plants included in this
selection can be grown in any ordinary
greenhouse where- the temperature
ranges from forty- five to sixty degrees.
Rose, violet or carnation houses are
just the places to grow these plants,
as they can odc'upy odd corners and
places generally unoccupied, and thus
not only utilize every space on the
benches, but those growing on blocks
or in baskets can be suspended from the
roof and thus greatly add to the beauty
of the greenhouse.
The following cultural directions
apply to the cool as well as to the tem-
perate class, and if carried out good
results will follow, and the plants will
produce their handsome flowerswhich
last such a long time in perfection.
Orchids are easily grown, if a few
cardinal points are observed. First of
all, all truly epiphytal orchids .need a
season of rest and a season of growth;
that is, when the plant begins to grow,
which is generally in the spring time
but varies in different plants and
species, the supply of water should be
increased, also the temperature; when
the pseudo-bulb is nearly full grown
the plant should receive its maximum
amount of heat and moisture. -As
soon as the growth is completed, the-
plant should gradually receive more
sun, air and less water, so as to ripen
off the pseudo-bulb well and thus in-
sure good flowering. After the growth
has been ripened then only enough
water should be given to prevent the
plant from shriveling. 'As soon as the
buds begin to show, more water should
-be given to fully develop the flowers.
After the flowering season is over, the
plant generally begins to show signs of
growth, when it should receive any
potting or re-basketing if needed; if,
not, then only a top dressing of sphag-
num moss, and the plant may be
started into growth.
known of all orchids. The-flowers are
produced from November to March,
and last over twelve weeks in perfec- -
tion on the plant, and three to four
weeks when cut. The flower hasa .a
yellowish green color, with brown
spots and white border on the upper

sepal. The stems are long and stout.
There are many varieties of this plant.
-- ik's Catalogue, .

FEBRUAnY-26, 1891]




Af1T?]IE. fD I'tRT.tC.ER, What we must have is a plan to utilize one hundred beautiful lakes, whose minate; enough will drop to make a
the whole crop of cotton stalks. waters are absolutely pure, deep, soft crop the following year. I make hay
In this field of invention are now and clear, with high banks, affording of both cuttings.
The Cotton Plant. quite a number of workers and it beautiful scenery and delightful sites To Corporal Murdock I wvuld say,
Editor iFarmer and Fruit-Grower: would be assuming too miTch to bring for houses, which are being made quite braid all the branches above the stump,
Cotton is well known. King Cot- forward what might prove to be half rapidly by the best class of settlers, bud and all; as soon as all are suffi-
ton rules a large space in the financial developed plans. Other minor diffi- And why not? For here, if in any ciently grown together cut the top off
world. Every possible thing that can culties appear, but I have stated the spot in all fair Florida, can the farmer of all but the bud. Then you see you
modify the estimate of the coming practical ones. and poor grower make his home self- will have sap from all sides of the tree.
"Crop of Cotton" is thoroughly It now appears pretty well estab- sustaining. Every settler has nearly Keep all buds off 'save the budded
scanned, and we have monthly, lished that King Cotton .is not as every rod of cleared land planted to branch and you will have a strong
weekly and even daily bulletins, pick- valuable as the remaining part of the tomatoes, which are looking fine and tree.
ing up every fact that has any bearing plant, promise a rich harvest., From past LEvi RISINGER.
on the coming output: of cotton. SILAS L. LooMIs. experience we calculate upon a net Sorrento, Fla., February 9 1891.
Equally careful do these bulletins Fernandina, Fla., Feb. 19,1891. profit of from $150 to $300 per acre. a
present the visible cotton. I think that it is estimated that we The Cow-pea,
All of this not only indicates the The Color of Cucumbers. have out in this settlement about 800 Editor Farmer and Fryou not longer sin on
value of cotton in finance but its value Readers may remember that we acres to tomatoes, and for several theI addressed of the cowpea as a c ommer-
to the manufacturer and the consumer gave last year some account of the years past Winter Haven has been able cial article, and showing as I thought,
of manufactured goods. It even goes twenty-acre cucumber field of Mr.D. to ship more produce (oranges except- cial article, and showings I thought,
farther than this. Various other oc- Wyman, of.Archer. In conversation ed) than any other station in South inconted more extensively and shipped
cupations are directly and indirectly with a New York commission merch- Florida, yet our numbers are few. North as we do manyother articles of
affected by the yearly output of cot- ant who knew and dmired correspondent has one fiel food the North anot raise. To les
ton. Wyman's cucumbers, he declared that 40 acres in tormitoes looking all that food the North cannot raise. To this
Connected with the cotton plant are he washed them in some chemical could be wished. I farm and am article you appended a little notop-
other interests perhaps not as well solution to give them their brilliant, making lemon and orange groves posing the shipment of this highly
known. Take, for instance, the cot green color, We were unable to upon 176 acres, and expect to make whdesirable article. That note some-
tonseed. Cottonseed oil has become credit this, and wrote to his son for the plantation sustain itself the coming disconcerted me, s felt you
known as a very valuable and almost information, receiving the following season, as it has t he past. e muchbetter known than myself
indispensable article of commerce. It reply: almost every variety of tropical fruits, world in every issue of the DIPATCH
even largely supersedes olive oil and Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. such as bananas, pineapples, guavas, would na eventually issuhave more weight
lard as an article of food., Thecoarser Your favor of i5th duly received. etc., etc., and so far have not lQst would a h e weight
grades are invaluable as the bases of In reply will say that my father simply plant or leaf from the effects of frost than anything a humble individual
soaps and for other uses. In producing washed his cukes in water to remove since I have resided here-five years. sidke mself could write. On maturer
these articles from the seeds, till very the dirt. Nothing whatever was used I do not consider muck indispensable, conte ro io at he same gu
lately the seed hulls have been allowed to keep them green. The soil has but use about 150 cords each year-I t ot t he
to rot or have been burned. Thou- more to do with the color than any- think to great profit. I am not a land ment which would apply against the
sands of tons have thus been wasted thing else. I just measured an old agent, nor have we such a commodity shipment of cowpeas would also apply
annually, crate and find the dimensions to be, in our whole community, yet we take against the shipment of oranges, green
Within a few years, however, these eight inches by thirteen inches by pleasure in showing any who will peas or any other vegetable raised i
seed hulls have been found to contain twenty-two inches. As the crate was favor us with a visit our county, and Florida.
a valuable fibre, and now this raw ma- well seasoned, it may be a trifle know that any person of sound judg You call the cowpea "Plebeian."
trial is fully utilized and the finest small. Have never had the-corners ment (and we desire no others for Grant that it is, yet it is a desirable
grades of paper are made from it. cut off.-- Some other time I may be neighbors) can come to but one con- article of food, not only for the
This output amounts to thousands of able to give you an. article on raising clusion-it's the Eldorado. plebeian but for the patrician, and in
tons annually. cukes, as requested. Any information We have no cotton planters here, South Carolina the renowned "hop-
We may say, then, that the cotton, on the subject that you may wish, I but I have no doubt that its growing ping john" is as popular with the rich
the lint and the seeds are all fully will be pleased to give you if in; my might be made very profitable- as with the poor, and when we come
utilized, but this is a small part of the power to do so. though tomatoes are equally so and to compare the value of this pea as an
plant. A.. F WYMAN. more readily marketed, article of food for the cow with rice
What of the cotton stalk, which, to Archer, Fla. I have found the FARMER AND flour and vegetables we must instantly
say the least, constitutes seven-eighths Cotton and. Truck in Polk County. FRUIT GROWER of much value as a conclude that the cowpea is undoubt-
of the plant? Is there a fibre in it of Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: handbook and instructor in all of my edly the superior. I write this from
any value? Yours of i3th at hand, and in reply, undertakings as a farmer, and regret experience, because I have tried both
The fact that the cotton stalk con regarding the 'the cotton plant which I that we cannot hear more or oftener and know whereof I write. As amilk:
tains a large quantity of very valuable sent to Ocala Exposition, would say from many of our most successful producer I am satisfied it. has- no'
fibre has been fully proven for con- that its dimensions were accurately re- farmers, but suppose they can find equal, and when we have such a valu-:
siderable time. Various devices have ported, i. e. twelve feet in height arid but little time for writing, and in agri- able article of food for man and beast,
been planned to extract- this fibre eighteen feet spread of "branches. It culture, as in other pursuits, the men is it not selfish in us to hold it when
profitably,but so far none have become was of very compact growth, for its with the greatest stores of knowledge the world needs it?
practically effective. weight when dug was abdut all that have formed the fewest positive con- We have an abundance of land
There are several most insuperable four good strong rmen could lift. Dur. clusions; and when they write they lying waste all over the South, because
difficulties to overcome. ing the month of October I estimated confine what they say to reporting we have set our hearts ton certain
First, from the time the cotton is that it had upon it at one time between progress, recognizing the illimitable things we have already tried and
picked till frost appears there inter 3,500 and 4,000 bollas blooms and beyond. -- found profitable, so we fertilize highly
vene but a few weeks and the- crop buds, -many of which dropped offodn : FRED. W. INMAN. the land we have in, ise and devote
must be handled in that period, account of the drouthl 'Its age' would Winter aven, ida our energies to the cultivation of such
Practically then if a plant is made to- have been three years about this date. things as we have found a market for
handle the crop it must remain idle a It' was of the Sea Island or long staple '" Beggarweed Self-seeding. without delving into other mines on
large portion of the year. "' kind. It wa~rnot a monstrosity, sport EiditorFarmer and Fruit-Grower: 'the waste lands and trying new exped-
-'The second difficulty to overcome is or ccme by-chance, for I have several ; S,' Narcoossee, asks a question ients for making money.- I have
cartage. Take any. given territory nore nearly as large yet, growing, in that is hard to understand, I can- heard it asked: "What is the differ-
ind i- it make a cotton stalk fibre the' same field, some-of which I hope' not see how such a plant as beggar- ence between a pound of lead .and a .
plant. A very careful* observation to be able to show next winter at four weed- cotild be plowed under and not pound of feathers?" I ask what is the
discloses the fact-that within a radius years old. TherPi h'as never been a lose the plant.- I have experimented difference made in the cultivation of
of four or five miles there is not a suf- time "since these plants were .large with 'this weed fbor several I years, and oranges or any other fruit or vegetable?
ficent quantity of cotton stalks to make enough when they Were'not laden with may be I can give some information A pound, is a pound and a dollar is
the plant' pay, and more than this, bolls, blooms arid buds. on the subject. I cut the first crop as a dollar, and if we can make .tie
'-when the-haul is over five miles, the- The laid upon w-hich we can grow soon as the seed is formed, that is about latter by the raising of the cowpea, "is
cost 01" raw'material will consume: all such cotton, or -make cotton groves, is August ist. The next crop, comes not that dollar'as good and as bright
the profits.- A railroad will not avoid what we call higlipine, andtliehigher from the stubble of the hrst, a'nd will and as valuable as one made in other
the difficulty. Tilde water rivers may the more fertile irith us. 'This section be much thicker than the first, as each ways? We must not despair of suc-
in a very few localities overcome this has an elevation: of 'about 200 leet. stub will put out from three to six ceeding in a venture because we have
objection. These' few exceptions, And within a radius of five miles from branches. I cut the last crop as soon never tried it. "Ventures make mer-
however, are of no'' consequence;- Winter Haven depot we have over 'as the seed is matured sufficient to ger- chants (and it may be' said' break





them, too), but if we never venture :with the lan
we will certainly succeed in nothing, .graced our f
and the shipping of this "plebeian" during eve;
article to the North and West may home, canni
eventuate in opening up a trade second own fruts in
to almost no other article of pro- the benefit c
duction. sion- men, is
We remember in years agone that wads of gre.
cotton, was called king. We all so of cpmmissir
recognized it until statistics proved stir "Ex" up
beyond a doubt that hay was king. He says
Later, however, hay was dethroned knowledge,;
and facts proved that poultry was a lamentabl.
king. The world is all the time on article himse
the move and it may yet turn out that of the corn
we shall have another king. Gold is out again. '
considered, the most valuable of met- who cannot
als, 'yet silver is far more abundant, canned fruit
and, notwithstanding its attempted do? To be.
demonetization and depreciation, it is to be learned
in demand with the people, the ple- large scale,
beian and the patrician, and it stands dents may e
boldly to the front as the people's directions
money. If these things are so,'do days.
they not furnish incontrovertible ar- His own
guments that these valuations are something e:
made by man and brought about in- dorse my arj
hie revolutions of trade? is the place
,. .We know that in this broad country means) that
of ours there are many millions of tracts for th(
'cattle, not the least of which are the matoes delit
celebrated Jerseys of the North and to 25 cents p
West. They are noted for their great time get the
.milking.power. It is. possible for us and freight r
not only to materially increase their towns and c'
capacity 'as milkers, as well as the Northern an
common herd around us, but to make far as the p
that milk much better, much richer, cerned, now
much more valuable. This is not help is conc
chimerical, nor is it a feature of a fer- have ever vi
tile imagination. Imagination sinks ida it can be
into insignificance when actual reality But if Ex
comes into play. "By their fruits ye my article at
shall know them," is an aphorism of not advocate
Holy Writ, as applicable to our sub- arguments w
ject as anything we can think of, and are the ones
we use it here because we know the ing the. hus
value of the cowpea, demonstrated to small canner
us by the best of all teachers, experts operated b
ence! AMATEUR. $15o outfit
ar. .Ohocho Seed. worth of fru
aEditor armer and Fruit-Grower: sole benefit
Anyone in need of chocho for seed sion men ca
can obtain them from Mrs. W. T. able returns
Holland, 306 North Jackson St., Mo- prices of pea
bile, Ala. They are about the size of berries get t
-egg plants, and the whole fruit must profit, the g
be planted. They should send at once, them to go t
as this is the time for planting, and en and realize
close 25 cents to pay for fruit and He begin,
postage. E LL X V. BOG IE. ment on spe
Sliver Springa Park. Fla. from it, take
.--- students or
Poor Farmers and Rich Specialists. ing-in reality
Editor Farmer and Fruin-Grow'.r- of sympathy
I am well aware that he who advo- So tar as the
cates any measures or industries, whose are concern
object is to make the poot man inde- tical with th
pendent of the money power is sure to chant who
bring down the thunders of a certain sell-,upp.p-rti
class on 'his devoted head. Crank, and fruit g
ignoramus etc., are terms freely ap ground than
plied' to. him, 'and we have now to .:pecialii f,
thank Ex-Commission Man for a new tory of Kan.
term, 'backwoods students of politi- advocate wa
cal economy." do mo't em.
Well, I accept the term as applied. farmrn ino c
and return thanks to Ex-Commission ing lor p::r
Man for the same. No repro.'ach is at means; and
.tached to it. There were no backwoods ida fruits is
students of political economy connected continue to
with the Credit Mobilier swindle, with arguments o
the DeGolyer pavement job, with, mission men
army contract swindles, with the,
Tweed ring, and, coming closer home, chandler, Fla.

d frauds which have dis-
air State in the past. Pro-
rything we 'consume at
ng and evaporating our
stead of growing them for
f railroads and commis-
not likely to put many
enbacks into the pockets
on men, and it seems to
others, have a want of
and at the same time shows
e deficiency in the same
lf, or else the old instincts
mission man are cropping
Where is the farmer's wife
put up a better quality of
s than the. large factories
sure, there 'is something
d in putting up fruits on a
but even backwoods- stu-
asily learn it with. the plain
given with outfits nowa-

want of knowledge or
Ise leads him to, really en-
guments.. He asks where
(in Florida, I suppose he
a canner can. make con-
ousands of bushels of to-
vered at the cannery at 20
rer bushel, and at the same
help to run a cannery,
ates to even the Florida
cities to compete with the
d Western canneries? So
rice of tomatoes is con-
here, I hope; so far as the
earned, anywhere that I
sited in the State of Flor
gotten cheaper.
Commission Man will read
gain, he will see that I do
large canneries; all my
'exe against them. They
who get the kernel, leav-
k for the grower. It is
ies we want, owned and
y the growers, with 'a
. Thousands of dollars'
it which is shipped for the
of railroads and commis-
n be made to pay profit-
to the growers. When
ches, tomatoes and-straw
oo low to pay a reasonable
rower, instead of allowing
to waste, could can them
a good profit.
s his article with an argu-
cialties, but wanders away
es a slash at backwoods,
those who advocate farm-
y, and winds up with a bit
for the Farmers Alliance.
merchant and railroads
ed; lihei interests are.iden-
e farniers, jnd the mer-
caters to the-wants of a
rig community of farmers
rower, standss on safer
Sthe one who depends on
,r his.bulsine_:s. The his
sas ,rrores that. I do not
.r on the merchant, but I
,lihaic.illy adv ,cate mixed
.jinection "ith fruit-girow-
men and nen of moderate
Florida markets for Flor-
ny motto.- This I -will
advocate in: spite of all the
f wealth specialists, com-
or ex-co'minission men.

'Live $toc.

Milati Stock for Florida.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
In the live stock department of the
Ocala -Exposition there were cattle
representing the Holstein-Friesian, the
Short horn, Devon and Jersey breeds.
While we admired the splendid ap-
pearance of the Experiment Station's
animal and.the porter-house steak in
the short-horn, we could see no reason
to change the opinion formed six years
ago that the Jersey and its grades were
the cattle .for this climate
While primarily considered as cows
for butter, the Jersey steer will rough
it on Florida pastures and make fine
beef. A decided improvement in the
'quality of beef offered in the Talla-
hassee market over that killed a, few
years ago, can only- be traced .to th e
infusion of the Jersey blood, as bulls
of the other breeds have succumbed
to the heat of the summer. While the
Jerseys themselves are prone to be
attacked as well. as the others, they
will recover quicker and the percent-
age of loss is not so great.
A large cow requires a large
amount of feed; and if she has to
search for it a portable house would
be necessary to keep up with her, and
we have yet to see the planter in this
State who puts up enough feed to
satisfy even the small Jersey.
Even here in Florida feed must be
provided for the winter months, for
there is a time when the pastures are
bare and unless fed from the barn or
silo, cattle suffer as much' as on the
Western ranges. The latter method
of storing feed-seems to fill a long-felt
want, and from unavoidable causes
having been unable to fill ours the
past season, we miss it very much.
Anyone with land- able to grow
corn and handy with hatchet and saw
can construct a silo. I will be glad
to inform anyone where to get the
best plans embodying the latest ideas..
Where one has the time to devote
to it properly, the calf should be
raised -'by 'hand, and it is not so hard
to do so as one may imagine. If the
editor is 'willing, I will in another
article describe the method I have
pursued so successfully.
Waverly Stock Farm, near Talb hasse, Fla ,
February 16,1891
Should be pleased to have Mr.,
Schrader's experience,-ED.
.. ; -. "
,For the purpose of giving our farm-
ers ain opportunity or trying the value
of tobacco as a crop, Mr. A.-E. Steb
bins has procured a quantity of. Ha-
vana seed,-which ')e will give away
in small lots to any one applying f.or
it. This is very; kind of Mr. Steb7-
bins, and those- wishing to plant:
should:call soon and' get the seed:.---
Mannatee County Advocate.- ..

For burns and wounds we would jrecom-
mend ialhvali.n 01i., Alltdruggists sell It at
25 cent .
Many case's have enimt undm r our notice
where a inel, bonlille o0 Dr. Bull's Cough
Syrup ielleved a suff errr from aseAerecough,
wnleb had been tr-ated for months by com-
petent physleltus. MT.c


Florida was the most successful
State that was represented at the
Charleston show in proportion to
number of exhibits, for every bird
shown from Florida won a prize-
but then there was only one bird
shown, and that was by Florida's
most enterprising poultry breeder,
Mr. E. W. Amsden, of Ormond.
Mr. Amsden was, like many / others
who go to shows, afraid his stock was
not quite good enough -o compete itih
the "big" breeders, so lie only took
one Golden Wyandotte and- won
easily on it. He ha. been looking for
some one with a stuffed club since
to wax him, for he found he could
have won on nearly every .variety-he
breeds. He will ."be there" next
year and show what Florida can do.
-Southern Poultry Standard. .

Japan Rice and 'Buckwheat, for
A gulf coast correspondent of the
Southern Live Stock Journal says :
"The Japan rice, was introduced
into these hills four years ago, and
is supplanting the Honduras -and
other varieties for upland culture. .I
have grown it for the last two years,
and have never seen any grain, make
such heavy heads. If sown by the
first of March, two good crops can; be
harvested from one seeding. If.sown
by April i, a g od crop of rice can be
harvested by August i, when 'the
stubbles will send out new shoots, and
if crab grass is allowed to grow 'vith
it, and the second crop-grass and
all-be cut'when the rice is in the
dough state, a heavy yield of feed
will be secured. which the horses will
prefer to -anything in the barn., It
will outyield wheat and command' a
much better price. After the grain is
threshed out the straw is equal to corn
fodder for stock, feed. The grain
ripens thoroughly, while the straw, is
bright and green. Its season of
growth is so short that a single crop
in a season can be grown as far north
as'Kentucky and Missouri.
"I believe that the Japan buck--
wheat is, if any odds, more valuable
than the rice. Five crops of it have
been grown upon the same land in .a
single season... It is the greatest
honey plant extant, and keeps the
bees supplied with nectar from April
till frost. Its habit ,of grow th being
similar to c.lovr, with leaves .midway
between peas and clover in size, it
shades the ground, and if five crops
of it be turned under in a season, the
.land can be made rich and the be'e-
gums heavy i.n a single summer. The
gain is also very valuable, but if
gr.,iwn for tlhe grain it will in-poverish
the soil. Buckwheat (grain is the
"greatest of all egg foods. Nothing
equals it for la ing hens."

Use Horsford's Acid Phosphate.
Dr. -E. J. W'ILLiAMSNN, St. Louis,
Mo., says:. "I ha'e tested its qualities
i; eases ".' da4qs, with marked enefi-
cial results, and am wei!pleased wil/t the
remedial qualities /f the preparation. "



. FEBRUARY 26,:18911



FEBRU \IY 23, 1891.

P. O. Address, Lawtey, Fla.

Publications Received.
Ellwanger & Barry's Catalogue of Roses.
Rochester, N. Y. The alphabetical list cov-
ers three pages and includes 280 distinct vari-
Pamphlet of the World's Fair and Ini erna-
tional Exposition at Chicago; Department of
Publicity and Promotion.
Cornell University (Ithaca, N Y ) Expert
ment Station. Third Annual Report; also
Bulletins 13 and 14.
Seed Catalogue of D. SM. Ferry and Co., De-
troit, Mich. The leading and best known
.seed house of the We-tern Si ates, as Gregory
is of the East.
Americus Manual, a pamphlet describing
the Williams & Clark fertilizer, Augusta,

Tuesday the Home Market auction-
eer in Jacksonville made 128 separate
sales of oranges in about two hours,
or about one a minute.

The popularity as well as the genu-
ine merit of the sulphur solution in-
secticide for the rust mite and the or-
ange scale are shown by the new ad-
vertisement of McMaster & Miller,
(see inside page of cover). Its effect-
iveness is attested by Mr. H. B. Stev-
ens, the well-known manager of the
Bishop & Hoyt grove, who uses it in
preference to the kerosene emulsion.

We find on our table Vol. 1, No. i,
of the Southern Poultry Standard, edi-
ted by C. J. Ward and Geo. Ewald
and published by the DaCosta Publish-
ing House, Jacksonville, Fla. The
mechanical execution is very fine; it
contains a number of pages of adver
tisements and some good communica-

tions on special topics. Altogether it
is a -very creditable magazine. Mr.
Ward was formerly the editor of the
'American Poultry Journal.

By common consent, the citizens of
Georgiana have refrained from replen-
ishing their larders with the ducks
along the shore -a mile, or two north
or south. As a consequence they have
beciomie very tame and unsuspecting
of'harm. Every true sportsman would
recognize this state of affairs at a
glance. Some parties, however, of
Whom the best that can be said of them
is that the fathers of some of them are
positively known to be gentlemen,
have found a sickly, saffron-skinned
sport m. resting their guns on the gun-
wales of the little steamer or launch,
and pouring broadside after broadside'
at the unsuspecting birds, the captains,
running their boats into .the very door-
- yards to enable the gallant sportsmen
to get a dead shot. These captains
:have lived among Indian River people
long enough to notice things :and
should know better. Ifit is truly neces-
sary for the good of these men's souls
that they should shoot at these ducks,

we will catch a'few in a cast net, as we the eternal value of dollars and cents We shall at another time take occas-
easily can, and tie their legs together in her sandy pine forest (a large per- ion to treat of the possibilities of the
so that they may get one when they centage of it) as there is in the aver- flatwoods and the thin sands at greater
shoot, and not leave so many crippled age soil of other States. In North length than is practicable here. The
ones that can never "return North to Florida, cotton, cane, tobacco, oats, agricultural problem of the sandy up-
rear young for the true gentleman and even hay are money crops which lands is the one great problem of
sportsman-one that gets tired when are as certain and safe a foundation Florida.
he hunts, and enjoys it and the meal for thriving agricultural communities *
he has earned an appetite for. as the crops of any State in the Union. Markets for Florida Produce
We clip the above from the Indian True, the thinness of the soil will al-
River News, and if it is a true recital ways require a larger acreage to the. REPORT BY FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
farm and a more careful husbandry of JACKSONVILLE, Feb. 23, 1891:
it is none too severe. During a recent manure than in regions where the soil The last Bulletin issued was.dated February
trip on the river we noticed- hundreds is richer. But on this same thin soil 16, the Bulletin due on 19th inst. was not
of wild ducks quietly riding out the a skillful grower, by pursuing an in- l the rea that here was abso
storm in long- lines just off the town of tensive system with pears, peaches, We must now acknowledge that the rapid
Titusville, and were told that they were grapes or melons for early shipment, improvement looked for ten days ago has yet
can realize larger profits from ten acres to materialize. strictly fancy to good fruit
protected by a city ordinance. We can than the average farmer in the North are the only grades that have moved upward
hardly believe that so gallant a sailor can from a hundred on soil which is to any extent, but the percentage of these
grades have been quite small.
as Captain Bravo would permit such an naturally much richer. Recent sales have shown a marked advance,
outrage as above recorded. In Central and South .Central Flor- but prices are not yet what we hoped to see at
ida the orange is the great money crop, this time. The quality of the fruit, however,
and of its several enemies none are is mainly responsible for this, and it must be
Comis up to the Bets. worth serious consideration except the acknowledged that a large proportion of the
crqp of 18:J0 and '91 has been below the average
Last summer the Florida Fruit Ex- frost. This will always be a terror to so far as quality goes.
change, in the face of the March frost, the careless grower, and will have a- Receipts at all points are reported light and
change, in the face of the Mahealthful tendency to suppress that un the demand ig .very active, for good sound
estimated the orange crop at two desirable class of men. But even if fruit. Many buyers at our sales are eager to
million boxes. Somegood friends, the groer had to cutever orange be pay from 4 for fancy fruit of good sizes
million boxes. Some good friends, e grower a o cu every orange Quotations, according to latest telegraphic
l s u c ,fore December 15 and ship them North advices, range about as follows: Fancy, 176 to
as well as unfriendly critics, took the to be held in natural cold storage for 200, $3.50@4; choice brights,176 to 200, $2.75@3.25;
officers to task for their wild, bullish three months, he would still be able to choice russe s, 176 to 200, $2.50@3; .-ordinary
make a greater profit from ten acres brights and russets, $2.25-2 50; large sizes, 96
guesses, but the latter made no reply, than the average Northern farmer does to 150,$L 25g2 25; Tangerines, 3.50g6; Manda-
rins, $2.50)4; Navels, $2.5004; grape fruit, $2.50
merely saying in private conversation, from a hundred. Where a single grove 5.
"when we state a thing, and a man comprises 50 or ioo acres the fruit c -
could not be stripped off so quickly,
understands it,' we do not state it and the owners of groves of this size HOME MARKET REPORT.
again." In August, when all the fruit must run the samerisks which all own- JACKSONVILLE, Feb. 25, 1891.
ers of very large agricultural properties While the orange market throughout the
was in sight, we sent a circular to. the incur the world over-no more. There country remains firm and prices have an up-
ward tendency in desirable stock, they are
most intelligent growers in all the are plenty-of men willing to take these not advancing as rapidly as we would like to
risks, and they are no greater after all see at this season-the poor qualityof thefruit
counties, asking for their estimates on than they are on the great staples of generally.and the undue portion of i.rge sizes
the basis of last year's crop of 2,150,- all other sections. has prevented the strong upward movement.
This risk decreases as we go South, usual at this time. Thedimprovement.ofthe
Sboxes. From their replies we his decreases as we go out, past n days has stimulated the active move-
Sboxes. From their replies we though in very irregular fashion. In ment of fruit which is being rapidly gathered
figured out a crop of 1,650,000 boxes. South Florida there are many places and sent to market. We deem a wordofcau-
But the June bloom was deceptive, where the lemon and the pineapple are lion in order There is no longer danger of a
as safe a staple as wheat in- Illinois or g'ut; but fruit will bring better prices later
and the remaining oranges on trees cotton in Georgia. on; shippers should take advantage of this.
Where the fruit must be gathered, good prices
that lost some from the frost grew In hammock and -first-class pine can now be obtained for it in Home Market;
uncommonly large. The Exchange land vegetables are everywhere a but where it .is keeping well and holding its
uncommonly arge e change paying crop-take the average of the juices, from 50t. to $1.00 per box can be made
officers now claim a crop as heavy as years-in the hands of strong, clear- by letting it hang well into next month.
that f las year, if not heavier. Be sighted men. We believe the time is About 3,000 boxes were so:d yesterday in 128
that of last year, if not heavier. Be- d wen e gra separate lines. As will be seen by a compari-
.near at hand when early grapes will son of prices below with Northern quote tiodfs
tween 6,000 and 7,000 boxes a day support a large number of people, and the Home Market still holds its own a he
are now passing through Jacksonville, guava products a still larger number, best market in the country.
Of pears and peaches in this section it Fancies brought $2 50@3, but few. offered;
and in the last few days the Exchange is still premature to write. brights, in 150-to 250 counts, ran from $1d.80
2 45; mixed sizes, 61.72 10;-off sizes and
claims to have handled sixty per cent. But there still remains a vast body course fruit, $1.45@i.85; russets, same as
of this fruit. of sandy pine lands, the bulk of the brights; Tangerines, $3@3 55; Mandarins, $2.60
State, which are a problem to the stu- 3; Navels, large and bright, $2.50@3; grape
dent of economics. On these there fruit, $2.60@3; lemons, small, smooth, bright,
Taking the Measure of Florida,. will always be found enterprising men $2.252.50.
It is a hard.task to acclimate the who will dare the frost and conquer Don't frgeuthat lhe Homeo Marcet handle.
Anglo-Saxon race in Florida. There the .drouth with irrigation, and raise .vegetables this season.
is in its blood the strong energy which oranges. They will gridiron their
is the outgrowth of thousands of years groves': with windbreaks of hardy trees;
spent in grappling with the rigors of a they will fertilize with chemicals or .REPORT BY G. PALMER.-
sub arctic climate. Coming to the with compost, and produce the finest WTotal YORK, Feb. 21,1891.
S. .i Total receipts of- oranges for- the week
soft, lazy climate of the sub-tropics, shipping fruit of Floridac despite all 35,032boxes. A great deal of the fruit arriv-
our race finds things going too -slow.: obstacles, and make it pay. ing is coarse and large, but there is a good
But things go about right in Florida, In the light of a life-long farm ex- demand for choice fruit. Indian River fancy
after all, and our restless people must perience, we regard this as the natural, eiing $ 5t.. 5.u;r; choice brights, i;d and
get used to this pace. stock region of Florida, especially for s 2.75.25; ghts tra t lines, $2.
In coming down here most people cattle, swine and poultry. The ca- 1,0es '_; ris2.215; rangerind._, sf52o@7 o;: Man-
thought to escape the'blizzard. But pacity of even the poorest of these darines, Ssasr, i0; grape iruit. 81.01i5.'0 per
the wind of Dakota we shall have al- sands for the production of root crops, bbl ; strawberries, In Iigut supply and poor
ways with us; we can not flee from it as sweet potatoes and cassava, is some- quality, selling 50@75 a quart, some, fancy
and we must face it. thing remarkable; it is one of the most marAsbringt.--Te 501.7mar s very acti
Florida "has no need to blink or hopeful features of this otherwise dis- on beans and eggpiant,the former selling at
balk the truth; there is as much of heartening region. s 2.,o)3..', latter at $8@12 per bbl.; beets,


1\ 6


rFEBRUAiY 26, 1891

FEBRUARY 26, 1891J


$1.001.25; lettuce, choice, $2@4 00 per bbl.;
tomatoes, $1.75c@2.00 per bu. crate; cabbage,
dull, selling $1 00@1 50; cucumbers and green
peas wantrd, but few arriving.

PHILADLP'HIA, Feb. 18, 1891.
There is a marked change in our market
the past few days in Florida oranges, both
as to demand and prices, as most of the old
stock is need up and receipts light. There is
ready sale for all fresh arrivals at full prices
and we advise our shippers to keep them
coming regularly from now on. We quote
to-day as follows for sound stock:
Fancy gilt edge Indian "rivers and other
selections, 176 to 200, per box,$3.50@4 50; choice
selected brights, 176 to 200, per box, $3.25@
8.75; choice selected brights, 146 to 150, per box,
$2.75@3.00; choice selected brights. 128 to 128,
per box, $242.50; choice selected brights, 96 to
112, per box, 81 50@1.75; choice russets, 176 to
200, per box $2.75(3.25; choice russets, 146 to
150, $2.40i2.60; choice russets, 126 to 128, $2@
2.25; choice russets, 96 to 112, $1.50,1.75; Tan-
gerines, choice to fancy,$57.00; Mandarines,
choice to fancy, $8@4.00; grape fruit, choice
to fancy, $2 5003.00.
Some Florida cabbage arriving, and selling
at $2'_2.50 per bbl.; beets, at $l@1.50 per box;
choice egg plants, at f$8.12.00 per bbl.; peas,
at 82@4.04 per box; young tender string beans,
at $4@5.u0 per crate; old and tough not wanted
at 81.50@2.00; tomatoes, Key West, per peck
boxes, at 80c@~$.10; Florida tomatoes,.if choice
and ripe, $3.30@5.00 per crate; strawberries, if
in good order and ripe, at $1.25@1.50 per

CHIOAGO, Feb. 21.
ORANGEs-Five carloads were sold at auc
tion yesterday. They ranged at $t.50@3.10 per
box, according to quality or condition. Car
lots, good sound fruit, unassorted sizes, are
quoted at $2.50M2.75. There is a fair trade.
Assorted sizes bring a premium. Mexican
oranges sell moderately, and the best foreign
are in moderate request, but Californias as
yet are rather slow.
Florida, 1769200 to box, s33.25; Florida,
150 to box, $2.75@3.00; Florida, 128 to box,
$2.5 @2.60; Fiorida, 96 to box, $2.25@2.50; Flor-
ida, 225g260 to box, $2 75@$3.00.
Florida Tangerines scarce, firm, % cases,
Florida grape fruit scarce and salable at $3@
3.25 per box.
Valencia, cases, are selling at $4.50@5; sem-
mon, less; extra large cases, 86@6.58.
Messina, boxes, choice desirable sizes,
quotable at $2.25@2.50 per box; less desirable
stock at $175@2.25.
SCoalifornia-Mountain fruit, sold at 82.25@
2.75 per box, and Riverside at $2.75@3.00.
Navel, oranges sell at $4@4.50 per box.
Mexicans, good to choice, $2.75,3525 per
In filling orders, fine selected fruit sells for
better than above-prices.
PINEAPPLES-Sell slowly. Supply fair.
i; They are quotable at $2@8.60 per dozen de-
pending on quality.

'BERMUDA ONIoNs--Rule quiet and steady;
supply fair. Quotable at $2.601@8.00 per box
for common to good.
BERMUiA POTATOEs--Are quoted quiet.
Sales slow at$88@9.00.
CAUiFroLOWER-Only a small quantity on
sale. It is quotable at $2.00 per dozen for fair
up to $3.50@4.00 for fancy large.
CUcuarBES--Are quiet at $1.50@2.00 per
dozen for only fair to good. Very fancy sal-
able, for more, but none of account offered,
stock being mainly ordinary. Poor small
"nubbins" have no regular value and are not
GREEN ONIroNS--Southern in /% bu. boxes
quotable at 75c@$1.00 according to quality.
Bushel boxes quotable at $2.00@2.50 according
to the stock, though some coarse large On-
ions were offered at $2.00 and slow'at that.
GREEN'PEAS-California in cases of about
bu. selling slowly at 64.g0..
S .LETTUoE-No fine head Lettuce coming
from the South; it is mostly leaves not head-
ed, anddull at $2.00@2.50 per bbl, and some

heated hardly salable. Fancy would bring a
good round price.
Home-grown leaf Lettuce in good demand
and selling at 25@35c- per dozen for fair to
Southern curly Lettuce, if fresh and choice,
salable at 40@50c per dozen.
NEW CABBAGE-IS not selling. It Is obtain-
able at $1.00@2.00 a crate. There is no demand.
Old cabbage is preferred. Some new in bad
order utterly unsalable.
ToMATOES-California are about out of the
market. This is helping the sale of Florida
and Key West stock somewhat. Those in
10-lb boxes quotable at *1.00@1.25 for choice
to fine, but some common can be had for
STRAWBERRIES-Something like 45 quarts
of Strawberries were received from Florida
to-day. They arrlvedin pretty good orderand
met with fair sale, going usually at $1.50 per
quart. A favorable feRture was the fact of
the berries being ripe.

ST. Louis, Feb. 23d.
Oranges are moving freely at slightly im-
proved prices, $2.00@3.25 for sound fruit. We
are, however, liable to have the California
orange come in any day now, as the prices
ruling here will draw them in now and here-
after. The first strawberries of the season
came here from Florida on the 20th. The
market for good b',rries is 75c per quart.
Green peas, first arrivals from Florida,
also reached here yesterday and find buyers
at $1.25 per y bu box The %, or Speck boxes,
at a similar rate. So much cabbage coming
here from New Orleans, Mobile and oth-r
points in addition to the imported (Denmark)
article, together with the local crop, that
prices are low, and would not pay your peo-'
pie to ship here at present.
Strawberries, the first of the season, were
received Friday, 20th, by P. M. Kiely & Co.
and were from Florida. The fruit was soft
and over-ripe-an unusual condition for. first
The Comniercial Enquirer of February 19,
gives the following:
GLASS.- Y-bt 2 doz., per dozen, $1.70.
WooD BOXES (La Constancia, Habana).-
Ys, round boxes, per dozen, 90c; ysI do., per
dozen, 81 65; Is, square boxes, $3 15
New style glass jars. Equal to any brand
on the market.-Citron, 1 bI, $3 65; apricots,
1 It, $4 00, 31b, $11 50; pears, 1 lbt, $3 65, 31Sb
$11; pineapples, I 1b, $4, 8 1t, $11 50.
GORDON & DILWORTHE.-' gal., pails, per
dozen, $1025; quarts, screw top Jars, 8550; pints,
screw top jars, $8 10; Y2 pints, screw top jars,
$1 95; 1 Ib, earthen pots, 2 doz., per dozen,
$2 10.
white pots, cases 4 doz., $1; 5 case lots, 2%2 per
cent. discount.
L. Verona, quarts, 1 dozen, per-ease, $2 35;
L. Verona, pints, 2 dozen,. $2 45; Y pints, 2
dozen, $1 40; Loubon, quarts, 1 dozen, $2 00;
Loubon, pints, 2 dozen, $2 25; Loubon, Y pints,
2 dozen, $1 25; in barrels, per gallon, 55c; less
than barrel, per gallon, 6tc; cans charged as
fellows: gallon, 20c; 2gallons;-25c; 5 gallons,
SAVANNAH, G.\., Fo 2-1, 1i.j ..
COTTON-The market was very quiet,..
though steady. There was a slow inquiry but
a moderate business was accomplished. -The
total sales for the day were 784 bales. 'On
'Change at the opening call at- 10 a. m.i the"
market was reported steady and unchanged,
with sales of 71 bales. At the second call, at 1
p. m., it was steady, the sales being 378 bales.
At .the third and last call at 4 p. in., it
closed steady and unchanged, with further'
sales of 335 bales. The following are the
official spot quotations of the Cottoni Ex-
change: ..... .
Good middling, 9Y, middling, 87-16, low
middling, 713-16, good ordinary, 7 3-16, ordi-
nary,6 11-16.

Sea Islands-The market was dull and en-
tirely nominal in the ab ence of business.
Last s les were on the basis of quotations:
Choice nrm nal. 19, extra fine, 17%, fine,
'6%@16%, med um fine 15%'9'6, good med-
ium, '5 medium. 14%, common Georglas and
Floridas, 13SZ14


All reasonable questions, coming from a subscri-
ber, will be answered as promptly as possible, and
without charge, if addressed to the editor at Lawtey.
Replies can not be given by mall.

D. N. Starr, Clearwater Harbor, Fla.
It Mr. D. W. Adams, Tangerine, Fla.,
can tell you in what year these articles
were published, we will try to look them
up for you.
57. WILD RICE (Zizania aquatica.
H. von Luttichau, Earleton, Fla. This
is an annual which sows itself in the fall,
about the middle of September, lies dor-
mant all winter, in spring commences to
sprout as soon as the water gets warm,
reaching the surface during the first half
of June. It grows very rapidly in one
to four feet of water, ripens late in Au-
gust or early ia September. It should
be planted in the fall, before ice forms.
broadcast, from a boat, in two or three
feet of water, having a mud bottom. It
has been successfully planted through the
ice in winter and in spring, but it suc-
ceeds best when planted in the fall. As
an attraction for wild fowl it cannot be
equaled. In large .ponds and lakes it
purifies the water, affords a refuge for
the small fry from the large fish, as well,
as furnishing the small fry plenty of food
from the animalculoe upon its stalks; for
planting in fish ponds it is especially de-
sirable. It also does well along the shores
of marshes, and makes a good hay. In
the South two crops can be cut, and all
cattle are very fond of it. Write to D.
M. Ferry & Co., Detroit,. Mich. Please
mention this paper.
58. JAPAN CLOVER. J. C. Hill,
Benedict. For this and Japan buck-
wheat, apply to H. G. Hastings' & Co.,
Interlachen, Fla.
would be very thankful if you answer if
bright or dark cottonseed meal is to be
preferred on young orange trees. People
I have asked contradict one another.
Some'say dark is best, others say the
dark has too much oil and keeps the soil
so greasy, it would let no water through,
etc. Would like to know your.opinion
latka, Fla.
If you use cottonseed meal at all, the
dark is the better of the two because it
contains a higher percentage of potash
than the bright. The objection you men-
tion is purely fanciful, for the oil is all
expressed from the meal. -
Isaac Whitaker, Homeland, Fla. Phos-
phate statistics are exceedingly difficult
to secure. The State has as yet no ma-
chinery for their collection, and the rail-
roads do not care to giye out the amount
of their shipments at present. The
movement of phosphate has not increased
so rapidly as sanguine friends had hoped;
the -work was all new; an immense
amount of pitting and testing had to be
done, sample cargoes had to be sent to
Europe to be tested as a basis of purchase.
Machinery had to be tried, remodeled and
tried again. But we may say in general
that'at last the numerous companies are
getting their machinery and appliances
in good shape, and the phosphate move-
ment is now having a healthy growth.
I a4

Will Mulching Delay Blossomning ?
As a practical horticulturist I .have
been asked hundreds of times, by farm-
ers and fruit growers, if a heavy mulch
would not so retard blossoming as to
make the crop reasonably secure from
frost? And I have invariably given

Pineapple Snow.
With those who find difficulty in ob-
taining sweet cream, perhaps the pine-
apple snow will be more popular:
One-half box of gelatine, whites of
three eggs, one cupful of cold water,
one cupful of boiling water, the juice
of two lemons, one cupful of sugar,
one can of sliced pineapple. Prepare
the fruit exactly as in the foregoing
recipe and set aside to cool. Soak.
the gelatine in cold writer, add the
boiling water, sugar, and juice of the
lemons, reserving the grated rind for
the custard, which is to be served with
the snow. Strain the jelly, but not
over the pineapple as in the previous
recipe. Beat the' whites of eggs
until very stiff, and when the jelly has
begun to set, add them to the jelly and
beat together until light and foamy,
throughout. Dip. a mould in cold
water and arrange the snow with the
pineapple in alternate layers until the
mould is filled, using the snow both
at top and base of the mould. Set on
ice to HIarden.



the above answer. Some reader may
say, "But this is theory." About 1870,
when my own old orchard was "at its
best estate," I had an opportunity to
make a fair test and under the most
favorable circumstances, which I did,
as follows:
At the close of winter the ground
was bare and frozen very deeply. Then
came a fall of heavy, damp snow to
the depth of about eight inches. With
a scoop I made a great mound of snow
covering about the e-panse of branches
of two Tallman Sweet apple trees. I
tramped the snow hard as I piled it
around. Fortunately for my experi-
ment, the weather turned quite cold
and my snow-banks were converted
into mounds of ice. Then before the
weather turned warm I completely cov-
ered these ice mounds with coarse stable
manure to prevent its thawing.
I felt very sure that I had put back.
the blooming of those trees at least ten
days; but I was disappointed. The
ice mounds disappeared long before
the trees began to bud, and at blos-
soming time I could see'no .difference
between those and two other trees of
the same variety that stood twenty feet-
from them.-J. WRAGG, in Prairie

Wild Rice.
There are many marshes, low lands
and shallow ponds that have mud bot-
toms in Florida. Has any one tried
to make them produce anything except
muck and alligators? Perhaps the Zi-
zania aquatica-wild rice, Indian rice
or water oats would grow in them. If
so it would furnish unlimited forage
for 'horses and cattle. Where it has
been tried it is a sure crop, and it is
said no plant yields more abundantly,
surely and continually, and none is
more easily planted. It is also a great
attraction for water fowls, -wild ducks
especially. It can be sown broadcast
over marsh land from the shore or
from a boat. It will grow in from one
to eight feet of water having mud bot-
tom. '
Fall is the time for sowing, but,
doubtless, for this section any time in
early winter will do.-Coast Gazette.


Garden and Law n.

Massing in Floriculture.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:.
There is a good suggestion in your
paper of February 12th, in regard to
"Chinese Hibiscus" and French Ole-
They are worthy of the praise be-
stowed on their beauty and ever bloom-
ing qualities, and should be planted
in large numbers to secure the best ef-
Floriculturists often neglect the sug-
gestions that nature gives in Florida,
that of massing. One has only to
study the landscape during the differ-
ent seasons to see how that plan has
been followed with the wild flowers,
so munificently bestowed upon this
In the winter the tops of huge live
oaks and other hammock trees are
ablaze with the golden trumpets of the
yellow jessamine, while every bush has
its special vine in bloom. The spring
is gay with countless flowers, and
roods of fairy lilies charm the eye with
their white purity. Summer drapes
the borders of lakes and rivers with
moon flowers, crinums and pontederia
innumerable, while the Catesby lily
opens its gay petals through the broad
extent of flatwoods during the early
autumn, followed by hosts of compo-
site flowers, acres of purple and acres
of yellow, making gay the pine lands,
followed by other acres of white ager-
atums and the porcelain blue of wild
salvias later on.
Whenever man has failed to culti-
vate the soil these hosts of wild flow-
ers spring up in their season in the af-.
fluent profusion peculiar to the "Land
of Flowers."
An excellent example of the advant
age of massing plants is to be seen in
this city, .many of whose inhabitants
have planted large quantities of chrys-
anthemums, dahlias and salvia splen-
dens, which make a glorious show dur-
ing their season of bloom. They are
justly proud of their attractive grounds,
gay with flowers, their densely shaded
streets and Bermuda grass lawns.
871 Mulberry St., Macon, Ga.
a 0
Minor Citrus.
CITRON (Citrus medical cedra). -As
there are comparatively few people
who understand how it is-prepared for
-market, we give the following direc-
tions. from Miss Helen Harcourt's
"Florida Fruits:"- "Pick the fruit
when green, just as it comes to matur-
ity; cut into four or six pieces; soak in
clean water containing a little alum
and a few hanidfuls of green grass
(Guinea preferred), or the leaves of the
citron tree; pour this off [after soaking
24 hours- R. D. H.], and boil half
an hour in thin syrup; then weigh the
citron and add an equal weight of
white sugar to the syrup; dip the citron
into the latter two or three times; dry
in the sun ore day. The second day
fill the cavities of the citron with the
syrup, and .continue to expose to the
sun until thoroughly dry. Thi makes

VARIEGATED. -Leaves and new
wood of the tree beautifully' striped
and mottled with creamy white; very
I SWEET LEMON (Dulcis or Sweet
Lime).-Of no particular value,
although a placeshould always be
found for a specimen tree, as both
fruit and tree are ornamental.
R. D. HOYT.,

and they will be acknowledged to be a Wonderful, Mtedicine.-"Worth a guinea a box."-
BEECHAM'S PILLS, taken as directed, will quickly restore females to complete health; For a
they ACT LIKE MAGIC :-a few oses will work wonders upon the Vital Organs, Strength-
oening the muscular System; restorin lon-lost Complexion; bringing back the keen edge of
appetite, andarousing withthe ROSEBUDOF HEATH the whole physical energy of the
human frame. Thesaeare 'facts" ad.ittedhby thousands, in all classes ofsociety, and one of the
best guarantees to the Nervous and Debilitated Is that BBIOHAlM'B PILLS --7B SS LAB9BS. BA--
Or All PATlN MDIOIlE IN3 tHE WORLD. Full directions with each Box.
Preared only by THOS. BEEHA St. Helens, Lancashire, England. ork
Sold bj DrggieSt generally. B. F. ALLEN & CO.; 365 and 367 Canal St., New York.
Sole Agents for the United States, who (inqure Arst),ityour druggist does not keep them,


an excellent article for commerce, be- Viola hastata in diameter. This cactus is said to be,
ing of superior quality to that sold in There are several species among one of the curiosities of the United
stores at 50 to 6o cents per pound." our American violets which are rarely States, being the largest of its kind
Believing the following to be the seen in gardens, although they possess known.-From Mrs. T. B. Shepherd's
only variety worth propagating, we much charm and beauty as garden- Catalogue, Ventura, Cal.
grow no other: plants. Our common Northern Viola )' *
LYMAN CITRON.-This citron is an cucullata, Viola pedata, the Birds-foot Water Bouquets.
importation of General Sanford's, and violet, the charming little yellow- Procure a glass shade or globe,'and
has been introduced to the fruit grow- flowered Viola pubescens, and the white- a glass dish on which the shade will
ers of Florida by the Rev. Lyman flowered Viola Canadensis, one of the stand evenly. A stand on a short
Phelps, of Sanford. This is undoubt- best plants which can be grown in a pedestal so as to lift the ornament
edly the true citron of commerce. The rock garden sheltered by overhanging somewhat up from the table is best.
rind is sweet and edible,' lacking the trees, are all excellent subjects to na- Then proceed to arrange the, flowers
rank, bitter flavor of the old Florida turalize in the garden. Equally at and foliage in bbquet form, the stems
varieties. In habit of growth and fol- tractive, although much less wel being shortened and tied securely to
iage it is distinct, being of drooping known, is the Halbert-leaf violet something heavy, which will serve to
habit, with small, oblong, serrate (V. hasfata), which grows very locally keepgthe flowers erect, yet fixed to the
leaves of a rich, dark green, having a in Northern Ohio,.and is found in the stand. Next get a large bath or tub,
tinge of wine color on the new growth. forests of the Alleghany Mountains fill it full of clear water, and high
Will undoubtedly prove of great value, from Pennsylvahia to the northern enough to not only fully immerse the
SORANGES. borders of Florida. It is a yellow- flowers, but to cover the shade when
MISCELLANEOS ORANGE. flowered, slender, nearly glabrous placed over the bouquet.
PHILLIPS'BITTER SWEET.-A hybrid species, distinguished by its halbert- Place the dish or stand at the bot-
of the wild and sweet orange. Thjuice shaped stem leaves, which in one re- tom of the tub, put the flowers into it,
fruit is large, ,thin skinned; juice markable Southern form are three- in erect form, then take the shade and
slightly bitter and aromatic. Tree a lobed, or even trifoliate (var. triparlita). lay it sideways in the water, the bot-
strong grower; bears early, apd is very This pretty plant will doubtless 'thrive tom edge touching the edge of the dish
prolific; thornless. Fruit retains its in cultivation under the conditions or stand on which the flowers are
juice nearly all summer, and is very which are favorable to the grown of placed. The shade must then be
refreshing on a hot day. Viola pubescens, to which, botanically, gradually and very carefully brought
MYRTLE.LEAVED.-A highly orna- it is very closely related.-Garden and over the flowers so that no air is re-
mental dwarf tree, with very small Forest. retained. It is important that this act
leaves of a dark, glossy green; bears a o, n should be performed quite beneath the
medium sized flattened fruit, similar Cereus triangulais is a most inter- water, as if air bubbles are admitted
in flavor to the wild bitter sweet. testing variety of perpetual blooming the attempt must be repeated until the
SOUR SEVILLE.-Imported from the Cyclamen family Grown without experiment is successful. Small bou-
Mediterranean. Fruit small, thick support it rambles over the ground; quets and flowers of but two or three
skinned and very juicy. This orange planted near a house it becomes ambi- pleasing colors are best. Novices may
is used in making the famous Dundee tious. My largest specimen of this well try their hands first with a tiny
Marmalade, large quantities of them cactus is eight years old. The first bouquet beneath a glass tumbler, and
being sent to Scotland for that purpose. four years it contented itself clamber- on a small plate. Such bouquets are
VARIEGATED.-Foliage beautifully ing on the ground and about the lower appropriate. subjects for exhibition at
striped and. blotched* creamy white; part of the veranda. Four years ago all flower shows.-Popular Gardening.
very ornamental, it started to climb, and now has
SHADDOCK (Citrus decumana). reached the roof of the second story L0 R DAN W
g of the house, 35 feet from the ground. FLORIDA NEWSPAPERS FREE
FORBIDDEN FRUIT.-We give Reas It has sent out innumerable great tri- | Wewillsendyouthe "South Florida Home"
oner Bros.' description of it: "This branches in iredti six weeks on trial for 10 cents and insert your
tree was introduced from South Africa angular ranges in every ireon, name in our "Mailing List" free of charge, which
tree was introduced from outh Africa attaching itself by long, white roots will bring you hundreds of sample copies of Flor-
by Col. Church, of Orlando. Its i ida newspapers, maps, circulars, etc., and if you
biv Co0. g urcwh, oi di di f Io a which loosen as the branches become want to visit or locate in Florida, you can very
habit of growth is distinct from any strong and hang like a grey fringe all easily decide where to go and how to get there,
other Citrus we have seen. The new ot pan r a s h and you will be pleased with the small invest-
oter itrus we ave seen. e ne over the plant. It reaches across the ment of 10 cts. Stamps taken. Address SOUTH
growth is slightly tinged with red, as window on the upper and lower veran- ILORIDA HOME, St. Petersburg, Fla.
in the lemon. The extraordinary das, twists itself under the ceiling for
quality .claimed for this fruit is, that several yards, winds about the railing R F N Gl
even in the hottest weather 'the pulp and has thrown one bunch out ten or
is very cold, almost as if it had been fifteen feet which hangs pendulous in GUM-ELASTIC ROOFING FELt' costs
kept on ice. It has not yet fruited in a white Lamarque rose near it. The nly $*2.00 per 100 square feet. Makes a good
Florida a wte Lamarque rose nearroof for years, and ans one can put it on. Send
KUMQUda." flowers open at 5 p. m., and close at stamp for sample and full particulars
KUMQUAT (Citrus Japonica). io a. m., they measure twelve inches GUM ELASTIC ROOFING CO.,
A.n.ative of Japan, where it is in across, are double, creamy white, out- 39 & 41 West Broadway, New York
very general cultivation. Tree dwarf, side petals yellow, the stems two inches Local Agents Wanted.
growing from six to eight feet in
height; foliage resembling the Man- NrESs EF lJTA
darin somewhat, and like most of the M'
Citrus trees from Japan, is very f.
hardy. The fruit is small, from i to
i Y inches in diameter; the rind is w _
sweet and pulp acid. The Chinese
preserve it in sugar, making an excel- S | BRT
lent sweetmeat. Of varieties we have EAT EN"G CIN LF1 H E.EUIE_ AxS4
the oval and round forms, and Kin G MEDICINE N P I L BOX
Kan, a new one, comes highly reco- For Bilious and Nervous Disorders, such as Wind and Pain in the Stomach, Sick
Headache, Giddiness, Fulness, and Swelling after Meals, Dizziness and Drowsiness,
mended. Cold Chills, Flushings of Heat, Loss of Appetite, Shortness of Breath, Costiveness,
Scurvy, Blotches on the Skin, Disturbed Sleep, Frightful Dreams, and allNervous
LEMON (Citrus medical limonium). andTrembling Sensations, &c. THE FIRST DOSE WILL GIVE RELIEF IN TWENTY.

[FEBRIfXY 26, 1891


Ou0 u u7 ral or ne with the'practice which physicians all shown to the obvious impropriety
i over the world have employed for pitching their food-into their 'moutl
thousands of years in the general with a fork, with danger of prickin
The California Cancer Cure.. treatment of diseases, their tongues, as they now are
Our valued contemporary, the Pa- "It should be stated that the pre- shovelling it in with a knife, with th
cific Rural Press, has contained several liminary act in treating either tumor danger of cutting them!
brief notices of a cancer cure discov- or cancel" by this method is by accel4 By-the-bye, can there be anything
ered by a San Francisco physician. A rating the passage of certain unguents more ridiculous in the present man
recent number gives a more detailed through the skin by hand-rubbing and for using the fork than the dictate
account of it, which, it is expressly by electrical action. Electricity alone fashion that pie shall be cut with ii
stated, is not a paid advertisement, and appears to be of but little account; To see a man with a wedge of tougl
this, together with the high character but as an aid to the endosmosis action crusted pie before him, sawing awa
of that journal, leads us to present the induced by simple rubbing, it is found at it with the side of his fork, while
following extracts from the article: of much service, and except in extreme knife lies by the side of his plate and h
"This 'cure' was not an accidental cases, induces a more or less rapid dare not touch it! Here I draw th
discovery, but consists of an elaborate dissolution of tumor or cancer, while dividing line; when tte dicta
treatment which has been evolved only the constitutional action of the reme- fashion runs squarely against common
after long years of careful study and dies taken into the stomach causes an sense, let us be brave enough an
experiment. Starting some twenty especially rapid excretion from the wise enough to honor the God-give
years ago from a mere germ, which body of the diseased or broken-down faculty, no matter how many dude
was obtained for coin, the remedy has tissue, may laugh at us.
been worked until it has now assumed "It is often the case that the physi- We take the above from the Amer
a well-perfected specific for this most cian is unable to say whether an appa can Cultivator, which is published i:
dreaded of all maladies with which the rent tumor is benign or malignant. Boston, the alleged center of Amer
human race is afflicted. With this remedy it makes no differ- can culture. It is possible that
"Different from the idea of Dr. ence whether it is one or the other, reaction is setting in toward common
Koch, whose consumption remedy The external applications and altera- sense It is our impression that th
proceeds with violent and often dan- tive remedies may be safely and chief argument employed by th
gerous action from the extremes or effectively applied in either case. devotees of fashion for the use of th
periphery of the body-the skin- 1 fork is the objectionable taste of meta
through hypodermic injection under The Immorality of Eating With a on the tongue. The modern stee
the skin, the constitutional portion of Knife. fork is at least a sixteenth of an inc
this cancer treatment is simply an al- I read the article by a lady corre wider than the kni e and present
terative of pleasant and quite attractive spondent on the training of children, double the metallic surface to th
taste introduced into the stomach- with a good deal of serious interest tongue and lips. Hence& we reason
the fountain-head of nutrition, and and some amusement. We all feel that the use of the knife-is a hundre
thence, through physical movements, the need of training the' little ones per cent. more sensible than the us
modifies and controls all the vital ma- aright, and must agree with the old of the fork for insertion in the mouth
chinery of the system-absorption and saying, that good manners rank next -ED-
nutrition-and in a way so vigorous to good morals, but don't let us lose
and beneficent that morbid actions are sight of the fact that though next still Sleep is Best.
forestalled and physiological ones: so there remains a very great distance T. DeWitt Talmage'says: Ther
energetically and triumphantly substi- between them. is not one man or woman in io,ooc
tuted that, with the aid of the outward Let us not treat of the forms and who can afford to do without seven o01
applications and the active endosmose ceremonies of life in an over-serious eight hours' sleep. All those store,
action set up by use of the battery, manner, lest we exhaust all the big written about great men and women
every cancerous germ is not only dis- adjectives in the dictionary, in de- who slept only three or four hours a
integrated and dissipated, but is fully nouncing sins against fashion and night make very interesting reading
and effectually driven from the system. form, and find none left for use when but I tell you, my readers, no man or
The evidence that this is so is found the time comes to rebuke those against woman ever yet kept healthy in body
in the important fact that not one morality. and mind for a number of years with
single instance of a return of any can- It is sometimes argued, when incul- less than seven hours' sleep.
cerous trouble has been reported or casting the necessity of attending to Americans need more sleep than
discovered, even after many years of the minutiae of good manners, that they are getting. This lack makes
waiting. Scores of patients now in life itself is made up of little things. them so nervous and the insane
this city, many of whom have been This is true, provided the saying is asylums so populous. If you can get
operated upon by our best surgeons, limited to its application to folks to bed early then rise early. If you
and who have been pronounced again whose whole make-up is of littlenesses. cannot get to bed till late, then rise
afflicted and all of whom have been It would, however, be a dark day for late. It may be as Christian for one
pronouncedundoubtedlysufferingfrGm humanity when the great moral and man to rise at 8 as it is for another to
the malady, have been treated, pro- intellectual lengths and breadth rise at 5.
nounced cared, and have never in any which make up the character of those I counsel my readers to get up when
single case been subjected to a return, who really shape society should be they are rested. But let the rousing
This may be regarded as evidence, be. found wanting. bell be rung at least 30 ininutes before
yond all question, of the reality of the Let me not be misunderstood. It your public appearance. Physicians
cure! Evidence of this character has is certainly due to the comfort of say that a sudden jump out of bed
never yet failed to satisfy every person society, and needed for the greater gives irregular motion to the pulse.
who has taken the trouble to look into usefulness of the, child that he may be It takes hours to get over a too sud-
it. Many physicians of standing are well trained in the various. forms den rising. Give us time after you
among those who have taken the which are generally endorsed,by peo- call us to roll over, gaze at the world
trouble to investigate, and all have ex- ple ,.f culture under the name of full in the face, and look before you
pressed themselves perfectly satisfied "good manners." But when- over- leap.
. that the facts are precisely as have been stress is laid on the importance of *
stated, but only two or three physi- attending to certain customs, of which Look Here, Friend, Are You Sick?
cans have had the courage to publicly the conveying food to the mouth with Do you suffer from Dyspepsia, Indigestion-
stand up to their convictions because a fork may be taken as an illustration, sour stomach, Liver Complaint. Nervous
ness, Lost A appetite, Billtousness, Exhaustion
of the fearful persecution which.they let us not forget that so far from being orTired Feeling, Pains in Chest or Tungs,Dry
have met and are sure to meet with inherently proper, as many appear to tion? 'f so send to Prof. Hart, 88 Warren
from the ruling majority of the San assume, they may be, like this, but a street, iNew ork, who will s ond yoafree, by,
Francdisco faculty. society notion, which was introduced cure. Send to-day.
"The mode of treatment differs in within the past sixty years. Previous '
loto from Koch's remedy and is all the to that we were rigidly taught to feed Two children of Lewis Shepherd,
more worthy of attention because it is ourselves with the knife, for to use colored, died,, yesterday from the
analogous to the action of the usual forks was a proof of ill breeding. poison of the wild Jessamine. They
remedies employed and in direct line Children were then as emphatically had' been playing with the flowers,














How Lost Iw ed,

Overtaxation, Enervating an unfitting the victim
for Work, Business, the Married or Social Relation.
Avoid unskillful pretenders. Possess this great
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mail, postpaid, concealed In plain wrapper. Illus-
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distinguished author, Win. H. Parker, M. D., re-
from the National Medical Asseclation for
PHYSICAL DEBILITY.Dr.Parkerandacbrps
of Assistant Physicians may be consulted, confl-
dentially,. by mail or in person, at the. office of
No. 4 Bulflnch St., Boston, Mmas., to whom all
orders for books or letters for adi6e shodul be
directed as above.


The coming digger. It
will bore a hoe whereno
other auger will work.
It is the only post hole
digger that will empty
the dirt Itself bytouching
al-pring. Get the agency
for your'county. Write
qua.ok. Address, '
o APIoN S amT Ir. Co,
Springfield, Ohl

and went to dinner without washing
their hands. One of the children
died almost immediately, and the
'other later in the day.-Monticello
Two members of the last legislature
asserted that Florida didn't want any
immigration; that new settlers with
their means to open new farms would
break up the cattle ranges. If Kissim-
mee has any such citizens they will
vote against issuing scrip.-Leader.

At night, from baby's crib, are distract-
ing to parents who are at a loss for
a medicine equal to the emergency.
Not so with those who have Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral in the house. A dose
of this medicine affords certain and
speedyrelief. To cure colds, coughs, sore
throat, asthma, bronchitis, hoarseness,
and the various disorders of the brcath-
ing apparatus, Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
has no equal. It soothes the inflamed
tissue, promo es
expecto- fl ration,
and in- r I duces re-
pose. Cap. I U. Carley,
Brooklyn, N. Y., writes: "I have used
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral in my family for
thirty years and have always found it
the best remedy for croup, to which
complaint my children were subject."
"I use Ayer's Cherry Pectoral in my
practice, and pronounce it to be un-
equaled as a remedy for colds and
coughs."-J. G. Gordon, M. D., Carroll
Co., Virginia. *

Ayers Cherry Pectoral
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass. all Druggists; Price $1; six bottles $5.





Farmers Alliance.


VoL. V.

The people support the Gov-
ernment, and the Government
can not support the people.-
Grover Cleveland. .

TOM SAWYER, -- Staff Contributor.

State Alliance Constitution.
Doubtless even the framers of this
instrument would not claim that it is
perfect, for no human scheme of
government. yet devised is perfect.
But it would be difficult to imagine
how so fine a body of men as those
assembled at Monticello last October,
with an old constitution before them
to be revised by the light of experience,,
could, go very. far wrong in their de-
No constitution is so sacred as to be
removed beyond the pale of criticism.
The columns of this Department will
always be open to any fair-minded
discussion of the State Constitution.
No gag shall be put upon legitimate
controversy-in: this -paper while our
hand holds the door-knob.-
But personalities we will absolutely
repress. No man shall assail the
motives or the character of any officer
or member of the Alliance in, these
columns. And if.. we innocently
publish a communication which was
intended as a personal thrust, upon
the discovery of its true. character we
shall. stamp upon it. If the article by
Mr. Boyce week before last was writ-
ten with any personal animus against
the leaders of the -Alliance, he is 1
hereby informed that he may consider
his communication 'blotted out from e
our pages.

Taxes. r
The best remedy for the present t
shortness in our Srate finatices is not f
higher taxation, but : -higher assess- t
ments-which really means the same p
thing --. If the property in Florida was
assessed at one-half of its alleged h
value, the present rate of taxation v
.would 'furnish adequate income and r
we would' hear no more of deficits in f
the revenue. d
The State government must be sup-
ported as becomes- the dignity of a i
great State, and a niggardly policy in t
finances speaks badly for any people. i
Florida ought to be well and credit- t]
ably represented ',at Chicago, 'but t
where the money is to come from is a h
question. more difficult to solve. r
Other States are appropriating -vast ti
sums for that purpose; and these are a
States that have found out by ex per- e
ence the wisdom of such investments, a

"Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth."

All wild land in the hands of spec
lators should be assessed at the val
placed on them by the holders, and a
of these wonderfully product
properties, such as big paying oran
groves, ought to bear a just proportion
of the burdens. There are groves
Florida held at prices ranging fro:
$10,000 to $1oo, 000, or more, that a:
assessed at almost nothing, yet son
of those groves bring their owners a
most princely incomes. And ho
much are the great overgrown pho
phate companies paying? They flaut
in the face of the world a capital of
half million dollars and speculate o
the credulity of mankind, yet no ta:
gatherer can get within a league
them except to find some measl
quarter section off yonder in the brus
assessed at $1.00oo per acre. The
ought to pay for their glory or shu
up their lying.
Then there are these great army
sized land companies and pasteboar
towns that shout to the world thei
mighty domains and untold advan'
ages, while contributing not enough
to the State treasury to furnish oil fo
the rusty hinges of the safe. Town
with lots staked off through the pin
woods, until the long array of whit
stakes reminds one of a Nationa
cemetery, where are gathered the death
hosts of the old time war. I have ii
mind one of those alleged towns whicl
claims an actual cash value of $500,
ooo-and I'll venture it pays taxes a
only a few dollars per acre. This is
manifestly unjust. The man wh(
owns a little farm of eighty acres upor
which he can barely make a support,
finds that $8oo is a very moderate
assessment; then must come in his
mule, a few cows, a half dozen raior
backs and the old eight-day clock
landed down from his grandfather.
Now, there is another class of prop-
erty which escapes taxation in a man-
ner that is perfectly infamous. I
now a man who has $20,000 in mort-
gages,, and yet when you go to the
records you will find those mortgages
transferred to a party in another State
or the sole purpose of evading taxa-
ion. That man lives like a lord and
ays no taxes. I don't he
nakes the assessment oath. May be
ie has gotten used to swearing that
vay. If such men don't catch hot-
tess some day, then I shall lose all
aith in a "literal hell and a personal
Would it not be wise for the com-
ng Legislature to pass a law making
he tax a lien upon the mortgage as it
s upon land, and compel the Clerk of
he Court to require a tax receipt for
he full value of theinstrument before
e allows its' cancellation upon :the
record? I respectfully call the atten-
on of that body to this necessary en-
ctment, arid,if they don't heed I will
mbody it in my first message when I
m Governor.

No. 9.

u- There are millions of personal prop- gabble would prognosticate a period
ue erty that escape taxation, but I will of sects and schisms.
Ill not enter into details. The fact re- Error supports' custom.; custom
ve mains that we have not enough State countenances error; and these two
ge income, and" the 'great majority of in- would prosecute and chase away all
on come-producing property pays not a truth and solid wisdom out of human
in cent to help .out the revenues, truth, were it not that God, rather
m ToM SAWYER. than man, once in many ages calls
re e < together the prudent and religious
ie The Mississippi Plan. councils of men, deputed to repress
Il The Atlanta Journal is authority for the encroachments and to work off
w the statement that in Mississippi the' the inveterate blots and obscurities
s- Farmers' Alliance receives lawyers wrought upon our minds by the subtle
nt into its membership, and that those insinuating of error .and custom.-
a people make measures, -not professions, John Milton.
n a test of a man's qualification. I don't b ,
x- know whether they consult the consti- THE REFORM PRESS.
of tion or not, but I do know that there
y are many lawyers who would make The Discussion of Current Topics
h excellent members of the Farmers' in the Organized States
Y Alliance, and would reflect credit The Chillicothe (Mo.) Crises says:
it upon the order. Many of them have U. S. Hall, president of the Mis-
farms and some are first-class farmers, souri Farmers Alliance, has been, ac-
y- but if we have a membership test cording to the dispatches, at Spring-
d would it not be well to enforce it or field, Ills., using that influence which
tr abolish it? TOM SAWYER. his high position gives him, to in-
t- Finance duce the three Farmers Mutual Bene-
r The great, overshadowing ques fit Association members to desert
r The great, overshadowing question Farmer Streeter-not for another Al-
s before the country to-day is that of its lance man-but for Partisan Palmer.
e currency, and to meet it and settle it Mr. Hall was so terribly anxious for
e will require all the business sense and the Alliance to be "non-partisan" dur-
l' patriotism .of the republic combined. he recent campaign that he
d We are .undoubtedly troubled by a threatened reoncel the campaignharters of
n contraction that bids fair to ruin us, several county Alliances that saw
h but just how to-proceed and where to their Way clear to take independent
- stop in the other direction is puzzling political action. Now he appears to
t the mighty men of finance andbewil p c t o p o
dting the men poor Alliancemand bewil e so partisan that he goes out of his
s TOM SAWE.. jurisdiction-into another State and
0 ToM SAWYER. is working in the interest of an old
Third Party. party politician who has not proven,
Will the third arty gain a or even asserted, so far as we know,
e Will the third party question a foothold that he has the slightest sympathy-
Sin the South ? is a question agitating with the principles of the Alliance.
many of our journals to-day, and the American Farm N ews (Akroni,
negative opinion seems to prevail. American arm News (Akro
This Allianceman's opinion is that Ohio) says;
the third party will take hold power- If any doubt has heretofore- existed
fully, unless the next Congress shows in the minds of people as to the pro-
a strong disposition to meet the issues priety and absolute necessity of elect-
and demands presented by the Fhrm- ing United States Senators by a direct
ers Alliance. If it is wise there will vote of the people, the doubt will be
be no third party south of the State of readily dispelled by a resume of the
Kansas. TOM SAWYER. actions and doings of the United -
States Senate, so far, the present ses-
Consider what nation it is whereof sion.' Elected, as many of them are, by
ye are governors; a nation not slow the most reprehensible methods
and dill, but of a quick and piercing known to politics, and believing that
spirit;-acute to invent, sinewy to dis- what .has been doite can be, done.
course, not beneath the reach of any again, they. grow, bold in audacity
point the hignest that human capacity bordering on imbecility. They, have
can .soar to. Methinks I. abused party organizations,. dubbed
see in my mind a noble and puis- the farmer a "rainbow chaser," po.
sant 'nation rousing herself like tato 'bank theorist,. and are at the
strong man after sleep, shaking her same time engaged in'rr.duction
inviticible locks; methinks I see her as of bills for political effect and bun-
an eagle renewing -her mighty youth combe only.
and kindling her dazzled eyes at the Little River Pilot(Richmond, Ark.)
full midday beam; purging and unscal- says:
ing her long abused sight at the foun- Never in the .history of American,
tain itself of heavenly radiance; while politics have the laborers of the coun-.
the whole noise of timorous and flock- try held such a power as they now'
ing birds, with those: also h:ho. love hold. They floyW hold the balancing
the twilight, flutter about, amazed' at power and are the lever in our politics
'what she means, and in their envious to turn it in which ever direction is,



best suited to their interest. So long ers and Labor Union and kindred la- ders and all correspondence shall be
as we are in this condition we do not bor organizations, is the disposition to promptly answered and attended to.
need a third party. A political party support their worst enemies, the very All business of the company shall
is but the union of individuals for the papers that are doing all they can to be open to the inspection of all stock-
enactment of certain laws and meas- mislead and divide the people, that holders, and full and detailed reports
ures, and the laborers of this country they may be held in subjection by the shall be laid before the Directors at
do not care what name by which autocratic money power. While doing regularly quarterly meetings.
any party may be known-they only this they allow their true friends-the I am now having a full detailed re
demand the enactment of just and reform papers that are earnestly striv- port of the past cotton business made
equal laws. If either of the two old ing to accomplish their enfranchise. up, and shall send each brother inter-
parties will heed their demands, ment, to languish from not receiving ested a copy of the report just as soon
that is the party for the people; the support to .which they are justly as the report can be made up and
if neither will heed their demands entitled. Brother, does this include printed. I will show the receipt, ex
then let the people form a party you?- If so, can you conscientiously pense against and the sale and price
which will. The only reason the continue to do so? God helps those sold at of each and every bale of cot-
people are so sorely oppressed .is that help themselves,' but Satan has ton handled. The report will show in
because they have been content to con- a mortgage on the ingrates." full all advances on cotton, to whom
fide in the wisdom and purity, of the The Custer County Record (Broken advanced, and the amount now due
leaders of their own political faith and Bow, Neb.) says: from the Exchange to each and every
did not organize against the enemy of "The question is frequently asked, person.
their government. Now that our eyes how would the government get money The books of this company show a
are opened and we have gained poses- into circulation in case it should decide large number of unsettled claims
sion of the political lever, we will to issue a volume of legal tender paper against brothers. It will be necessary
compel our servants to serve us as coin? This may seem a very idle and to send out these accounts to all broth-
faithfully as we have served them in foolish question to those who have ers, and where the account has been
the past. made the subject of finance a special settled, or has errors in it, I earnestly
Alliance Vindicator (Sulphur Springs, study. It is by no means such to those hope brothers will correspond with
Tex.) says: who ask it. We believe it to be an im- this office about same, giving us the
Some people object to the Sub portant question, and furthermore be- information they may have that will
Treasury plan, not because they know lieve those who ask are honest in mak- clear up all this old unsettled matter.
anything against it or have any, argu- ing the inquiry. Away back in the lt is my earnest desire to clear up
ment to make, but because the Dem- early days of the greenback party, we all the unsettled past transactions in a
ocratic party at San Antonio opposed well remember that this was the ond fair and honest way, and I beg the
it. The Democratic party acted has- point of ridicule. Those who oppose brothers to assist me in it in every way
tily at San Antonio, it seems to us, be- the greenback doctrine pictured Uncle possible. Do not lose sight of the
cause the Sub-Treasury was not an Sam turning a machine grinding out fact that this company is your prop-
issue before that party, and besid that party, and besides the paer money, and the spout of the erty, and its officers, from President
people were not sufficiently informed machine emptying its contents in the down to the office boy, are your em-
to make an intelligent decision of that coat tail pocket of the granger. Many ployees. The Alliance Echange of
question just at that time. If it had a poor, ignorant fellow clapped his Florida is the property of the stock-
been an issue before the primaries and hands and stamped his feet in political holders, and if they, the stockholders,
delegates had been instructed on it a delight, who, since that day, has amort- have in the past allowed the business
different result mightmight have been re- gage clapped on his home and himself to be run in a wrong way, they should
corded. stamped into the earth as a penalty learn by past experience and not allow
Zabocos Tribune (Carthage, Mo.) for his foolishness over that bit of ridi- me nor any other officer or employee
ayor's notrune (Carthage, MO.) cule." to neglect the business, or carry it on
says: in a negligent or dishonest way in the
"What is there in the average news- A future, if they, the owners, desire to
paper to impress people favorably to- President Harvey's Address. continue the business
ward sobriety, morality or Christianity? OFFICE OF FARMERS' ALLIANCE) Now, is it desirable to continue the
One would conclude from the tone of EXCHANGE OF FLORIDA. Exchange? Can it tb the stlye
the great dailies, as well as from news- JpCKSONVILLE, FLA., Feb., i891. J Can the stockholders control their own
papers in general, that nothing existed To all Sub-Alliances of the State of Flor- company and make it useful and prof-
beyond the present scenes of sorrow, ida, Greeting : table to the people?
suffering, money-making and worldly Thi to notify you that at an election election I say yes; most emphatically yes, to
amusement. Every editor should held on the 22d day of January, 1891, each question. It is desirable, for
wisely consider that he is aiding one in the city of Jacksonville, the Trustee through it, and by it, and because of
way or another to shape the present Stockholders elected as Directors of its existence, every farmer in Florida
and future destiny of those who read the- Alliance Exchange Company, is getting goods cheaper than would
his paper. The character of the peo Brothers S. S. Harvey, R. J. Allen and be possible if it had not and did not
pie, a a rule, is very similar to that of A. N. Duncan. These, with Brothers exist. I have no doubt that the price
the editors and writers whose articles A. P. Baskin, H.p W,. ong, 0. L. of goods all over the State, in every
go to make up the belief of the people. Whitcomb and J. W. V. Cobb, the store in the State, is effected by the
Hence an editor whose paper is full Directors. that hold over, constitute Exchanges. Thousands of dollars have
of nothing but society gossip, theatrical the Board of the present year. At a been saved to the people in reduced
plays and games, is aiding to drive his meeting of.the Board held on the 23d prices of goods, even when not pur-
readers away from the higher and more day of January, 1891, I, I, S. S. Harvey, chased from Exchanges, from the fact
noble concerns of the life that now inds of hi Was elected President of the company that your Exchanges were in existence.
besides poisoning the minds of his for the current yea. The Boad auth- I fully believe that local Exchanges are
readers against the truth that treats of orized me to take. charge of all prop- a good thing to have in every possible
oothe life tcome. It has been statedby erty-and business, and to.employand locality. There can be no doubt of
a cool-headed writer that if Christ was discharge such persons as may be nec- their doing you a great and good ser-
to come would be compelle did to89 years carry on the business of the, vice, but if there were two hundred
ago he would compelled to become company. I propose to go back over local or branch Exchanges in existence
an editor in order to reach the people, the old business .of the company and it would not do away with the impor-
This may,-ormay not be true, but one make a full, fair and open report of all tance or need of a State Exchange.
thing is certain, the newspapers of to- pasttransactions. If Ifind any one, On the contrary, if every settlement
day are the educators othehe people be- has been guilty of doing wrong, or had its branch or local Exchange the
yond all other agencies negligent, I will say so, and so far as need of a State Exchange would be the
Weekly Union (Butler, Mo.) says the books and papers of the office are' greater. The only possible way to get.
truly:, ." I concernried they shall be exposed in full the lowest price' on articles we con-
"One of the incomprehensible per- to all interested. In- all future busi- sume is by being in aposition to buy:
versities of the industrial classes, one ness of this company, while under my. them in large quantities -from first
that is. particularly, noticeable among charge, strief, prompt business prinei- hands. It is impossible to bring that
farmers who are members of the Farm- pies shall be adhered to. Letters, or- about by any large number of small

S.. .



FEBRUARY 26, 1891]


Farmers Stop and Think.
WHY Spend the best- years of your
life cultivating the soils of the frozen
North and West raising crops on which
the freight is often not realized, when
you canbuy land from the undersigned,
rich and fertile as any known lands,
and, where you can raise a crop that the
United States Government will pay a
BOUNTY of $roo on each acre.
HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell
the said crop right there in your home
market for $250 per acre. You ask for
the "How" and the "Wherefore."
Quite right--facts and figures count best.
Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.
TO OLD Farmers and careful perus-
ers of papers, the fact that there is now
established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
news. We are talking to all our
friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will'
pay you a bounty of two cents perpound
on the manufactured sugar. The St.
Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,
averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
acre last year, and it will go 5,000
pounds this year.
METHODS? This isn't the only big.
chance of your life, however. The
cultivation, of rice lands about Kissim-
mee is to become an assured, profitable
fact. There is no richer or better
truck and market-garden lands in the
world than the land on the rich over-
flow, or bottom lands about Kissim-
mee. Write, for confirmation, to Col.
A. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia
Times, who has personal knowledge..
Then in lands for orange groves, or
groves already cultivated or bearing,
I can satisfy you that your best interests
lie in seeing me before any one else.
fulness and beauty of Kissimmee
have never been questioned., No
diphtheria, no asthma, no consump-
tion, no pneumonia-in fact, read our
medical report. Beautiful cottages,
villas or lots suitable for residences.
Write for terms and .particulars.
COME SOUTH, And get untold
quantities of the grandest climate in
the world free with each acre of ground
purchased., Come where you can till
the soil twelve months in: the year.
At least write to me for full particulars.
Agent for the lands of the Dlson Companies,
fior the Associated Railways lands, and the
Iand, of Kisstmmee Land Co.
Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trucking,
fruit, grazing, timber, general farming,
and;home lahds..: Send for map showing


establishments. -It can only be done old oppressors when the State Ex-
through combined action of all. One change ceases to exist.
of the great sources of trouble our peo- Now, while this Exchange'has given
ple are suffering under is the vast army much cause of complaint, it has never
of middlemen we are supporting. If been in any condition to do the busi-
we reduce the cost of supplies we must ness required of it. It has never had
do away with all that-is possible of the the money to do the business with,
middleman's cost to us. Every drum- and it is impossible to carry on busi-
mer, every merchant, book-keeper, ness without money. The parties in
clerk, etc, etc., you support. They charge have ;attempted to do, more
live more expensively than you do in business than was possible with the
every way. Their houses are better, means they had. The result is delays
they live better, their houses are bet- and losses, even with the very best
ter furnished, they wear better clothes, management. Give, this Exchange
they school their children better, and money to make three or more central.
they work much less than you do. convenient distributing points in the
They do not produce, they live on State, where it can put corn, oats,
what you produce by making you pay bran, hay, meat, meal and general
excess ve prices for their attention in groceries, wagons, plows, all farm im-
handling the articles you consume, or plements, etc., etc., by the car-load,
produce for others to consume. If you and arrange to carry out your product
ever, get from under this burden it in the same cars, and you will be as-
must be by co operation --working to- wounded at the results. Your goods
gether. We want a car-load cf corn will be so cheap that you will wonder
at actual price paid to our brother in how it is possible that you allowed
lthe West, and the very lowest freight yoursehes robbed so long. **Well.
it can be put down to us for. but it will take so much money we
That can only be done by our corn- cannot do it," I think I hear you say.
bining our small amounts and pur- Now, brothers, it is an easy, simple
chasing in quantities and shipping in matter to do all this, and at the end of
quantities. I one year all n would be well. Fifty
\Ve want wagons, plows, harness, cents a month from every brother for
dress goods, clothing, groceries and all one year would build up an institution
that we use at the very lowest price it that would save you thousands ot dol.
is possible to purchase them at. It lars, and you would be proud of youi
can only be done by direct purchases Exchange. Your Exchange at present
of large quantities. It is impossible for is a disgrace to you, and while I am
any one small store or individual to pur- not called. on to defend the past I do
chase at lowest possible rates. To get say most positively that no set of mein
the best prices all goods must be han could have done the business ex-
died in large quantities. For us, that is pected of this Exchange with the
only possible through a State Ex- money you furnished. I find this Ex.
change. change without money or credit,
Allow your Exchanges to go down ow ing several thousand dollars. For
and you will soon go back to old the past ten or fifteen days since I
prices, and the merchant and other ha\e been in charge I have had to
middlenien will again oppress you by pledge my personal credit to get
charging you exorbitant prices for ev- goods to fill the orders that came in.
ery thing you use, and give you small No one would credit the company.
prices for everything-you have to sell. On the books of this company are
Can an exchange be run honestlyN accounts against brothers that amount
Most assuredly yes. There are hon- to fifteen thousand dollars. Some of
est men yet, and it is your business to them are no doubt wrong, but there
find them and see that they act hon- must be a large portion correct, and
estly, by requiring honest, open and I most earnestly beseech the brothers
full reports of all business they do for who owe this Exchange to settle up.
you. The simple act of requiring a The money they owe belongs to other
bond from them is nothing. You brothers who need their money, and
must see that they show ithe are ,incsl. to merchants here and North who
Not let them run away with your at- trusted the Alliance. If you have
fairs until you catch them in dishon- allowed careless or dishonest officers
esty or carlessness. Do not make a or employees to run your business and
man youri-representative because you you were the ,nly sufferers it would
like him, but because he.can and will not be so bad, but you put people in
attend to the business you choose him charge of your business, merchants
for. sold goods to 'your company because
Can a State Exchange be made use- you owned it, and they thought you
ful and profitable? Yes, a State Ex- honest and responsible. If )ou put
change can be made to save to the in bad managers the 'merchants could
people of Florida many thousands of not help it, or put them out. You
dollars each).year. It can be made to are the only ones that could do
get all you consume to1vou at much that.
less rates, and sell -what you produce Now, brothers, this is your corn-
at better prices. We can to-day sell pany. Those of you who owe any-
you fertilizers at $.-4 oo per ton that thing, make immediate settlement.
_you.could not buy in any market one Those who have unsettled accounts
year since for less than $36.00 .per that are incorrect assist us, 'who are
ton. _.That $tI per ton-saved is many new in the cause, in settling them.
thousand dollars to 6dil people. This. In the meantime think well iof the
Exchange is -hated very much more very great importance of keeping up
by- men' who -(orriterly sold you goods this Exchange. Let us get all.this
"at-their"own prices than it is by those old matter settled and out of the-way;,
of-our own peoplewho feel they have and by the experience of the -past
'caus-e -of'- omnplainlt. It: will be a' let us build up anew'. -.This Exchange
happy .day-to mnore-than one of your can be made of immense interest

and importance to every Alliance in
'Florida. The question : of head-
quarters has nothing whatever to do
with it. :The State' Exchange with
three or more central distributing
points can be of same service to, the
people of.'DeSoto and Lee, Excambia
and& Santa Rosa, Osceola and Brevard
and Duval. and St. John's. All can
reap a uniform ;and equal benefit.
The more local or branch Exchanges
there are the bettfer.,.. If there were
two hundfed'in the State it would
not be one too many. The States
of Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana,
Tennessee, Kentucky, North Caro-
lina, Virginia and all Northwestern
States have flourishing State Ex-
changes. They are all: on a good
business basis with money to do busi-
ness on. They are anxious to do
business with you. Shall .it be said
that Florida, of all the thirty-seven
Alliance States, cannot have an Ex
change? That there is not honesty
or business ability sufficient among
the brothers of Florida to make a suc
cess where all other States succeed?
I most earnestly hope not.
If you do not take an interest in
your Exchange you will suffer in
pocket more than you are asked to

get a little, more of 'it? Of the great
staples the country can consume only
a limited quantity, but the country is
ready to take all sorts of fancy food
products-delicate luxuries-and :to
pay good prices, for them. A few
years ago Mr. Gladstone, speaking to
the farmers in a Scotch district where
agriculture was greatly-, depressed,i
asked them why they did not.try' the'
production" of jam for the city mar-
kets. He pointed out that the.small.
fruits from which this luxury could be
compounded would grow well in their,
soil, and that for such articles there'
was;always a good market. IThe.,tory,
editors laughed at' -Mr. Gladstone's
kitchen-economy, but the Scotch
farmers took. the matter seriously and -
have found .profit in it..- A large and
productive industry has sprung from'
the old statesman's suggestion. Along
some such lines as these the farmers
will most surely dray to themselves a.
.larger. share of the surplus wealth of
the country; that surplus is abundant;:
but all sorts of people with keen wits
and strenuous energies are competing.
for it. Those who have it are ready'
to exchange it for gratification of' va .-
rious sorts The problem is to please

put into Exchange companies. The In the easy assumption of the above,
money necessary to put this State Ex- that there is nothing the matter with
change on its feet in good shape for our farmers except an overproduction
business the Exchange can save you of jam, Mr. Gladden no doubt voices
in less than two years. Now, broth- the sentiment of our plutocratic jam.
ers, allow me to urge you to settle eaters; and it was highly consistent
up all indebtedness to this Exchange that in looking about for an object les-.
that it may be able to settle up what son with which to impress his idea.
it owes to the brothers and t6 mer- upon the '-brains" of our farmers, his
chants wno have credited your corn eyes should fall upon the aristocrats of
pany. Get the old cleared up, make England and the peasants of Scotland
a new start and with the experience as affording a parallel to our plutocrats-
you have paid for you will build an and farmers. The coolness with which
institution that will serve you, save Mr. Gladden applies his logician's
money for you, and be a credit to the knife in ripping up the "labor prob-
Alliance of the State. lem," and reforming it on other lines
I am fraternally, your brother, is decidedly refreshing. He admits
S. S. HARVEV, that the surplus 'wealth is abundant,
President Alliance Exchange of but says .all sorts of people with
Florida. keen wits and strenuous energies
are trying to get it. But when they-
The Jam-Eaters. get it they are ready to exchange it
Under the caption, "The Embat- lor various gratifications, and the
tied Farmers," appears an article in problem is to please them. I submit
The .rNational Eccnomist of December that this is a radical and violent trans-
6, credited to the November Forum, position of the terms of the labor
from the pen of Washington Gladden, problem. The first assumption is that
in which that writer discusses at. con- the surplus wealth of the country be-
siderable length the condition of our longs to those who, by reason of their
farmers; their organizations, demands, cunning wits and strenuous energies,
etc. He also intersperses his volumi- get it, and.not to those who create it.
nous article with bits of advice to the The second assumption is that our
farmers, which, to say the least, are farmers, by reason of a lack of
interesting, as tending to show how "brains," are debarred'from.engaging'
little real thought some intelligent men in the completion 'for the surplus,
ha' e devoted to the problem which is and, therefore, the only "problem'.'
now demanding solution. He grants which confronts them is how best "to
very readily that overproduction is please" those whose genius qualifies '
"the chief cause of the depression of them to gamble for it.
agriculture," and having .fallen- into This rearrangement of the linriesof
this very convenient but sadly illogical the labor problem will no doubt hastily'
bog, it is perfectly natural [or him to commend itself o10 the gormaindizingp
flounder into still further and yet. nonentities who comprise Ward' MLc-
deeper intellectual quagmires. It Allister's "'four hundred," but 'will
was natural,- believing,: as he does, hardly find favor with the bare-legged"
that we already produce too much of mush and milk eaters who comprise
the staple products:of the farm, .for the main body of all labor organiiza- .
him to advise us to turn our attention tions, and who honestly. -lelieve,:.Mr.
in other directions: and here is the Gladden to the contrary notwithstand- -
way he.does it:- ing, that the problem:is.why.are they, .-
- --There- is.plent.y of money in the the.-producers of -the surplus,. notits.-:
'country; might not the farmer, by,the -owners in law?--T. D -.HiN.GKDEYea'. .--
-application of brains to his calling, National Economt. -.

.* '- -. -- .... -.. ---- -,.'. "- _..-r-. .,---'..:-"-.-? i- S s.i-.7


[FEBRUARY 26, 1891



N -ottOvrproduotion. For sale.-Good one and two-year old Do you need prIntIngof an hInd,? Send to
emonNot Overproduction. lem uds on sour stock, 25 f. o.b. W B. DaCosta Prnting and Pui g House,
We do not believe that such a WALKER, Manager Lake Mattle Nursery, Jacksonville, Fla.
thing as an overproduction is pos- Auburndale, Fla 2-12-4t All kinds of books bound and made as good
sible. t has beerprod customary for Wanted-Sourorange seed. Write, giving asnew. Send to Da.'o.ia Printlngand Pub-
price, to C. W. BUTLER, St. Petersburg, Fla. lishing House, Jacksonville, f la..
those. who are directly or indirectly -12-2t eggar Weed seed,,pure and free from chaff.
reson-ible for nfaorable condi- FOR TOR ID LSwIVEeet Cassava seed stalks for sale. CHAS. Quantity required per acre, 4 to 6 1b.; price
response or naorale coni F O R ID LIVEi MAY, Eustls, Fla. 2-12-2t per pound, 25c., 'i. r.ounos icr $2. .Add it eists
tins to mak the pr r of this T per ound extra ii order Is shipped by mail
Aions, to make the producers of this torpldlver eranges thewholes. For sale, 10,000 sweet and sour seedlings Place orders at'on.'- wih ExcBLSiot SuED
country believe that the cause of tem, and produces from six Inches high to one inching diameter. i'ARU, Jno. A. Germond, Munager, Kensa,
their misfortue-or he low pricehof Price, 21c f.o.b. Datesand budded trees Fla. 1.r-o Ed.
their misfortune, or the low price of Sick H headache for salec eap. W. B.WLKR, Auburudale, Fi
products is due to the fact that F 2-5-. .Do you need printing of any kind? Sendto
there has been more produced than Dyspepsia, Costiveness, Rheu- Sand us your orders for note paper, pens, Dack rinng and Plishing House
able tEven if matim, a wSkin an Piles, inks and all sup lies. We will treat you
we are able to consume. Even if m trim, SallOWght. DaCosta Printing and Publishing Wanted, the consent of 10,000 smokers, to
there were more on the market of There is no better remedy for these House, Jaksonville, Fla. send each, a sple lot of "ICEL'
a certain product than we are able common diseases than Twtt's Liver Florida's Own Fragrant Tooth Powder, for Cigars and a 20 year gold filled Watchi, y Ex-
to consume n the immediate locali- is, as a trite will prove. PJrice, 250s cleansing and preserving the teeth. Try it ressHAVANA CA D. $5.25 and allow 1-29-m
to consume in the immediate localh- 'Sol]d Everywheio. Price 25 cents. 86nd stamps or postal note. HAARCo.,Winston, N..C.
ty of its production, there stills erSold only by Dx. PzERNE,, Dentist,. Fer- Do y)u need printing of any kind? Sendto
n tiandina, Fla. 2-5-8t DaCos a Printing and Publsaning House,
a, possibility that there may be a For sale-Twenty strawberry refrigerators. Jacksonavlhe. Fla. .*
market for it elsewhere. *We do BARTER COLUMN. Address, G. H. ADriso.N, Hibernia Fla. Wanted, Iemon and Orapc Fruit .ed Ad-
not elieve that. te harmony of 4 dress, giving price ,_RIFFIN & B BrAiLEY,
not believe that the harmony of Definite exchange offers insertea tree. State what Wnted-A good milker to look after jersey Maccleinny FlIG &S.1-2i-"Y,
nature is so violated in any instance you hae and what you wan. cattle, with wife br boy to assist In milking. Do you need stationery of any kind-paper,
as to permit of an overproduction. Open to subscribersonly. JOHNI BRADFORD, Bradfordville, Leon Co., pens and ink? SeidtoDaosta Printing ande
Flap. 2-5-3t Publishing House, Jacksonville, Fla.
There are times when there may 1 I e
bThe o ame tim n ohrenK ,b A Rare Exchange-In South Florida 1D0 Guava trees for sale-Large kind, r PEAR REES FOR LEAONT E G -
be too much corn for Kansas, but acre tract, about 100 acre hammock or river pnk. c h. edns .W PAND, onr Rt, AP
at that time they, are most likely bott m land (some heavy clay), on a navi- from wery best selected fruit. Priceedlis TO B. W PARTRIDGE, Monticel,- Fla.
to need it in Vermont. There may able tidewater rive. Penty f fhoyter, three fee, $8 er 00; one to wo feet. $5 pera-
clamsand turtles. l acres toyoung udded 100, $40 per 1,000. MAX PAWCRTT, Ormond, Doyou needslationerv of an icnd-papir.
be too much of a certain product in grove and several thousand nursery stock; Fla. 2-5-3t ens and Ink? Seu PaLo P ing ud
House of 4 rooms, etc., etc., to exchange for e P anids hirnkg I r o ll I
chis Country, but then they are the .clearing, enough of said land and Send for my circulars on curing salt sick blishIng Hou, lackoiii. F.
ost likely toned it in Europe or plantingsame to .-".', orange tiees andtend cattle, or loss of appetite. Guaranteed. Price
holst- likely to-need it in Europe or them till ihey .bear one bushel each. Ad- ofmedicine, thirty-five cents, by mail. Ifmy
some other country. To meet the dress, I. M. DE:PEW. Manatee, Fla conditions *re complied wilh, I will cure or
demands of such .case, trade rea- Wanted to exchange-Village lots in pay for them. It has cured. ome bad cases of
dmnds of .as$tae Summit, Fla., for early varieties of budded hog cholera, W; G. TILGHMtAN, Pa&iatka,
- tions have been established be- orange trees. DIE FOLK, Columbia, S. 0. Fla. 2-5-let
tween -nations. When these trade Wnfted-Cas sava seed for acre. Give
-price. P.C. BAKER, Emporia, Fla. 2-5-3t
relations are strained; when the "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN. eno.ce Gulf M uliern one pound cans.. $1 1 B EST
transportation of products is manip- --...---- .------ per ease of doz eah, f. o. bars B. R R. T
ulated; when the values are changed r,o imsrlon a s column. a.l-erIlse- ddress, W. A. WrcKS, Seven Oaks P.O., D. II bFed RpR & Pricd
by the control of the icurrenc9,, then m ibr. uat .Ae a-'companiei.d .ot Ibe mo,>e. F -S-St S E N pAe a d
iby the.control o m currecart then Aerie mIt ni exceed dfry words. Send us your orders for note paper, pens, SEED ANNUAL
^.' it is possible to make itr appear that Partage Stamp, r celven rE payment. inks, ad ni stdppl' We wil tre F,.r 1891 iii be married FREE
the markets have been overstocked. Cont ,-s.ery word. tioluding came and address. righe. ac'osil Prlinting and ;Publishing
House, Jacksonville, Fla. to all .3pplicanii. and to l reaa._On's
Lcubtower. It v. better than ever.
For instance the spring of 1890 corn .......... .. Beating orange grove for sale ebl'ap. For Every person Gaden,
was selling in Karaas 14 cents per Wanted--illa Franca Lemon trees ail paitciulrtrn ecal on ",r audre;s B. A. BEMISat f ,o- Fi.'.d 5"aCi,
lLWhite Niagara Vines Must no best stock Oueco, Manatee councly, Fla 1-2-9-4t should send lor it. Address
-: bushel. At the same time three a;.d cheap. Address, NIcOL, care FRMER Repairyourold amiy Bibles. Makethem D.M. FERRY CO.
pounds of corn meal sold in New A,'11 Fair-GRowit 2-26- good ea new Daco taL Prinreug and tub-, I DETROIT. MICH.
:'' York forr 25 cents: Labor at the For asle--Va uale place, one hundred and li-hing House. Jacliseuville, Fla. Ss
6 ivy acres. One mile irom depot. Sye irom
same time in the Eastern part of the ct.e1Ate. One-half hammock Seventeen Speclialty in For.een Grape Vines Ciai-b
country was worth 7o cents per day. hundred iarl A uundnt watr W weeks tie earliest in Frda- Wr, it STRA WV TRRIFS
There a-as no apparent reduction in Hto iNBOTHA,. Bianton, PascoCo., Fla. It stau-e. H ,ON LrTitiAu1i,. E to 3 I .
the prices of manufactured products Cassavaseed, twodollarsa barrel; Spanish Fuberose Bulbs double Pearl, goodflower- mk the i- ginal irgT nia
of Eastern labor at the time in Kan- a s Macclenuy. a u Flor al City, Fa. entsper dozen make the originalVirg
sas. In the \Vest the people suffered McChrtney roses make beautiful. evergreeD, trawberl-esl Alabama, i n Ventilated Fruit Carriers for
from want of a sufficient price lor stock-p ror aed es. Plant and cutti ng. or he kinds to plant for prodit n the Boith Strawberries and Tomatoes. If
their productions, while in the East ale A.ONEILL, Fairbank, Fla. 12-1t3-113t .4,md for pricet JULUS SOENADLaBAil
The Florida Real Estate Journal, Areatdia, Randd Bay, Ala. 2-5-`t you want fancy prices for your
the people suffered hunger from a lorda-wltn Stale Map-an be nad loronly Repr your old family Bibles. Mak Tomaoes, ship the in a No.
want of sulfici-nt wages tO buy those ten cents. houbh Florida lands cbeap. 2 1-12 g oodUa new. olDa osta Priblemtilngakend Putem Tomatoes, ship them in a No.-
same products for food. We say this Only few of hose one year pecan trees left. ilshiug House, Jacksonville, Fla- 41 or a NO. 42 Ventilated Carrier.
Order now. Al-o choice roses large, size Repair yoir old family Pule. Makehe arlerri in a
is a strained and unnatural condition caineiias, all colors. Figs., Persimmuons, good as new. D[aCoita Prining tnd Pub. Early Strawberries in a No. 34
of affairs. In the West they told us -uppernong, etc. -Prices low. D L. i'lIt- 'ishing H.u.e, ,Iac.kson-iie. Fla. or 36 Crate Catalogues, prices
sN. Monice o, a. 2- 20' lol.ein Bull! tTonvold ier.reedini I W I ll ,
it was overproduction; in the East LeConte and K eder pear, fle irees. Peach sell my inor..u.-bbrd retislrse: bt-i at a and samples free on application.
they said it was scarcity of corn. Any trees on Mlarianna plum roots. ORLANDo 'bargain. Roar. L LAsaB Rurnin idee l-- Crm.
One of sound mind can see that such NuRasavJames Mutt 2-' 2t Ten MleBill P 0., S 1 l-,i-lt Southside Mfg. Co.,
One of sound mind can see that such Great bargains in .ery desirable real estate.
conditions need to be readjusted, and TheFlorida Heal Estate Journal, Arcadia, Send foriescrinlotonand price. J.L.DusaRt.Us, Petersburg, Va.
Florlda--ith itate Map-can be had for onl- .Lakeland, Polk county, Fla 1-22-5t l-l--L
that a dIay of reckoning must ulti- en cents. south Fora lnadnds cheap. 16
mately come. Hiaa-t/a (Kansas') Parties wanting three and four year-old
Journalt.. Lei.'onie pear trees, purpie-seeded poimegran-
'r;ales. figs, quinces, Marlranna plum st.. ks, or SYM PTOM S OF
S uwnre lACiLrna trees, would save monea by
Alliance ResOlutio n. buying from itrsr hands Address. J. B -A I-,
Alliance esoGIaRDEAU, Mont elo, i Fla i B. 2-19-I
At the regular session of theMlarion Wanted-A thoroughly practical Engilsh A -
Countv-FarmerS Alliance anid Indus- gardener. fruit and egeiabli grower-and i ;-
do Ist deIlres emi-loyment. Experienced In n .* A
trial Union, held at Hickory Spring, il branches of gardening. First-class tesal- L MD
February 17th and i8th, the following moniais: Addres, R. iaEDKRioN South '
resolutions were passed: Jacksonville, Fa. 11 (CONSUMPTION OF THE BR.II,V). 11E B.RA IN IJr.m a photograph).
We re-affirm our allegiance to. Alliance Orlando Nursery-500 Tardiff, 400 Mlediter I- n H. a,'ii .r .iiition. With Faresis lesions.
princilples at erubodied in the lt. Louis res"- ranean ,sweet. 210 verRlia e Navelsfen e dizines,
uluous of demands, and re-indorsed at the Dmnii, uu4 l omosasa. 4i01. Maltese Bl'ood, rieesng lns. a he nrdir. l ferint i letrnileso, oublet. in r-eamimbrenug naes andi the faces evi of
neala convention,.wlth additional nlcala reso. 1 ) Sweet Orape Fruit, Villa Francea s. The tir ann.:.yed ty -r.- noises and tilling things.
Slutlo.s, and are in favorofielecting no man to Lemons, Reeves' 1amm oh ad a ot ertaeD p 7ne nervous sTyriem L ofEeofn in uch cond:.i:a anat v,ry shig:e causes ,or e ren nocauhindeall,
the Senate of the United States who will not on Marlanna plum. These are not clieAp 'ae nervous system 6 often in 'ucb cond~i-in that very sUght canste, or even Docausea~aiJ,
bhefoSrebndpledgebitmselfto wot i orandwill trees, n re as fane as possible to grow them. my excite tosudden .utbur'-s A f-ehin, oi pr,.Jure upon the brain Is frequently
bqualifiedly supp r the samell and ue hisbeasb Jaess MOTT. 2-19.6t tolUiwedbyseasonofdeCspondency,mental der-retoin alternating witn periods of wfld'illusi,'e
falortedlto supav Ihe same eneed ien law. We i es.T. When the brain begins to c.niume or deca. miiy of tibee symbptons become aggravated
furlb r believe that the agricullura and BerkabLires-Regltiered pigs for sale at Tihe world aeemsstrange or different from wena it was in the past, thought becomes a positive'tly iltled tlorepresen- reasonable prices Address, W. A. CtaP- ffort and lifean rense burden.
latibni: .ue NatibnI Congress. and w.e MAN,Oakland.-Pla.' 2-12-2t Tne system needs soothing. toning,- and building up. Something unusual Is demanded.
hereby pr(esnt to our legislators for their fav- Buy a home cheap! A pleasant home can Antd here is where hegreat direulty n~s aisays been- to fud s.:mterhing pure and yet.pslinre-
orftbleeonsideration thenameof ouresteemed be seacred on the Installment plan. Nice n its results. The late Pirof Pthelps of Datim,.uth Coiege reallzed this egan -his in- -
fellowfiitizeh, .WV. Loting.ard believe In bhs house abd iwoloqtsin one of the most pleaatni v'.mrtation which ruled .n hbe ,iscorery or Paine's Cel.ry -Compound.': He -knew.menand .
selection to te'.erilied Stales Senate the' best locaitods In the clls. 'Address,- CHAs. W. women required something heie'rore unknown to rhe world, and his great discovery has' .ft
Intereslstsolou commaou country would be DACosTA,JacksonvlIle,iFla; .- -" m;ned It. This compunund cbecck Paresi .e en afltit has secured a foothold in thesystem. ..--
served.e-"- .--". .. Taken outheapproacn of the irst ymprptms. It will positively present their inc-reae; .Its hlgh .
i. eereby IhsFtretor Secrdeiry tfoiorward For sale-Chotie canned, mullet, .Itb nel eiiorsementsby the medieil ftlitei'nityan,- thecaire it isaffelIngeasiLlyaccouit forit.wonder-
-,a ropy ci.f hese .resolutions tour. legislators -*eight,.in lots of-dne or mpre cases, i. o b fal popularity and the unasLualair it has,cauid in this comriunlty. -
af'oal.county Aianuces lant meet prior to Orange BelitRailria, ;14 per easdef four dozen
A"rlsi-1891,andilsBtotidne'-Ocals Banner each. Address, WM;. A. WIoKa,. adager, DIAMOND DYES are Strongest, Simplesti Ftpseft.-
.ndMFA ICMES AD FBUir-OGRow.a Seven Oaks, Fla. 2 12-31

. .: .. .. .- .. -'.. .--- C


[FEBRUARY 26, 1891

**.I^jJ^ J| ^ f CasiatmTED MacsatV. Us.

CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher.

Terms of Subscription:
For one year ................................$2 00
For six months............................ 1 00
AW Subscriptions in all cases cash In ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the ex-
piration of the time paid for.
Bates of Advertising on application.
REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Let-
ter, to order of
Jacksonville, Fla.

The Garrett Fence Machine, manufactured
byS. H. Garrett, Mansfield, O., is in successful
operation in every State- and Territory in the
U. S. No farmer should be without one of
these machines, as the fence made by it is one
of the best and cheapest fences that can be
built. Write to the above address for whole-
sale prices of fencing material direct from
factory to farmer.!



Premium Offer!I

-THE -
3. ., OIL IDA

Dispatch, Farmer, and Fruit-Grower
For one year and a copy of

Whitner's Gardening in Florida,

ALL OR $2.00!

Whitner's Gardening in Florida is a
handsomely printed arid bound book of
250 pages, being a comprehensive treatise

E T.,V.&G.-


Two Fast Trains Every Day to the
North, West, and East.

November 16, '90 OE Special. Express.
Lv JacksonvilleS, F & W y 800pm 700am
Lv Callahan S, F&WRy 8 55pm 7 M5 afn
Lv Waycross S F & WRy 1140 p m 9 15 a m
LvJesup ET, V &R By 120 am 1040am
Ar Macon E T, V&GRy 450pm
Lv Macon ET, V&GRy 702am 710pm
Ar Atlanta E T,V & y 105 am0 40 pm
Lv Atlanta T, V & GRy 11 00am 11 00 Im
Ar Rome E TV & GRy 1 50pm 200am
Ar Chattanooga E T, V & GRy 500pm 15am
LvChattanooga Q&C 800pm 515pm 750am
ArBurgin Q& C8 20 am 2 30am 8 01 pm
Ar Lexington &C04 18am 380am 850pm
Ar Cincinnati Q &O 700am 6 40am 620pm
Lv Chattanooga |Q! & 0 Route I 15 p mi 7 50 a m
Lv Burgin Lou. Sou. Div. 825am 810pm
Ar Louisville Lou. Sou. Div. 7 21 am 7 15pm
Lv Rome E T & G y 55 pmin 2 40am
Lv Cleveland ET, V &G Ry 40pm 5am
Ar Knoxville E T V & Ry 6 35 p m 7 5 a m
Ar Morristown E T, V &G Ry. 810pm 9 80am
Ar Paint Rock E T V& G Ry 9 52 pm in 11 07 am
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ArDecatur M&CODv. 1215am 11 5On'n
Ar Memphis M:& C Div 6 50am 640pm

* OHIO SPECIAL is SOLID TAIN and carries Pullman
or Mann Sleeper Jacksonville to Cincinnati, Pullman
Sleepers Chattanooga to Memphis, Chattanooga to
Louisville and Knoxville to Ashevllle. Connects at
Rome with Pullman Sleeper, arriving Philadelphia
10:55 p. m., via Harrisburg, and at Cleveland with
Sleeper, arriving Washington 2:80 p. m., via Lynch-
DAYLIGHT EXPRESS carries SleepOrs Macon to
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RATES TO' THE EAST are as low as by any all rail
route,, and the scenery, s unexcelled.
COMPLETE INFORMATION cheerfully furnished
Apply to Ticket.Agents of connecting lines, or to
Dist. Pass. Agent, Tray Pass Agent,
75 W Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gen Pass. and Tkt. Agt., Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt..
Knoxville, Tenn Atlanta Ga.


Trade Mark.
Will Make Hens Layl
Will Make Chickens Grow!
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully
cooked, eituid dn., seasoned and bermrtll-
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so as to give each fowl an equal share.. 'Prio
80 cts per can; $3 per doz. Address HOLLIS
Boston, Mass. [Mentind paper. I

on the vegetable and tropical products of
Florida, by Prof. J..N. Whitner, A. M. I
This book is. much sought .after for its IM [ s0 K n
practical information. L C I
$2.00 buys the book andi- or sabJo...... Pa aemmot Ilhely troubled with
1 -W! WORMS.Bit, bve --meav oor taus" Lhe celbrated
paper for one year. .ni .B.A.FAHNESTOCK'SVERMIFUgE.
Been 6,1y7-,r In ue.L. au. neverfails. Obser- e p to, .
This is certainly a grand-offer. Senid larlyrast ,. arlai6.raB B Ab .hu.aoidlaim latitlon
in ordersatonce. ..: U 4E E i l I

Jackeonr ville, Fla.

BI A uiiR F i o
Whbn I say cure I do anormesn barely tst.)op thifn
foray Icurieand ean bhae Im retirua again. I mea
railca Icre. I nave made te de,sae of-FITS, EPI-
warrant. my rencldy to care tne wesrat caiea. Because
ohnErs base iaiedJi no reason f-.r naet uc- receirng a'
care. Send at oane.. fr & tTar-ae and aFreB Bo.rtllof
my unalLola rem..di. lire Erprea sand Pc.L Offi'a.
B. G. ROOT, ill. C., 183 Pearl Si., N. -V

- ~I~IUII~flhITF

put.lo PRtNTED. cmcURFNP us. ur PER
--" r^ &; 00 11-1 I 1, b
Six s .rii .' I'v. three
br r 1 5 ,j I, t-i .. 3 ... ,i ,,,,. r. ,i-
[55 .rAU.l EX. rCtUD,I 6 A,.., .. .1 1; r I,
hri u n.N. Y Color I.,: r aF E.c FORCTPr. lPu s i ,ch.,aNAN
i'olc,u.. i o iyr rape
our rlrt. I irbde.I THE ZIMMERMAN
mark lel. tnd for The standard Machine.
"I l li r.m. r iriforlMaElOD3. Agilbwantd DiM 'rentsizeaand rees, nIutraiea Catalogue f-ee.
l Adilrsa. S ..PL-N1 ROXT' SaO-NS._-New.lAnaan CE. TILE BLY1MrYElRbONWOK6 Co.,,Ocluefunto.


DESTROYER will kill the cut worm, destroy the grasshop-
per, exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects that
feed on and destroy the young vegetables and plants. Vege-
table and truck growers should investigate the merits of this
wonderful preparation.
For general information, prices, circulars, etc., address,
[Mention this paper. Box 216, Jacksonville, Fla.



Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc,

Park er..... ..................... .. I.......... ........... ........... ..... $3 00
Orange Valley 2.00 Virni GC.lades .. ............. 4.00
.ipritg Valley...... ..... ............ .50 Old b n.................. 5.00
North Cro ina Corn ..... ........ 2 50 I Kentucky beur .isb .......... 4..00
Clifton Club .......... I Old Maker. ............. ..... .00
MIontrose Velve .. ........ ...............86.00
J'ngs extra: I gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c. -Remit by post office
,noney order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. 0. D. to dry. town's
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.
.Tohn Clnxk, 9o T Co.,


>1Hardwood Ashes

V7111101ll Rank at the h, ad of the list for quality
And Take the Lead Everywhere.
They are obailned from uilla manufacturing car and wagon timber, and where no other
fuel is used than the best ol hard woodJ. No other br.nld isoblailned from sources that Ili-
sure so uniform a quality. A Dollar lIuteSted in Dia-mond -D" Hardwood Ashes will buy
'more acLual plan. food than In any other fertilizer ou lne marker.
That are the outgrowth of experience are more ,'onvlnclng than mere theory based upon
ohenilcal analysis or a printed formula, bence the grower who has proven to Lis own satis-
iaiion Intal pure. unleached hardwood ashes will mak. a ihrlify and productive grove o0
orchard on thelightest sol), and that, too, for less money thau by any other means, will lea
tify to the merits ofthis brand, for he will at once recognize In them the "strongest" ashe~
he ever used.; For prices, terms and other particulars, address, .
S.... C.E.DEPtUY, ...
Stockbrldge. blMiehlgan


McINTOSH, Marion Coulnty, Florida.
Loc.-,ild on Orange Lake, the home of the native orange. Rich nigh hammock lands.
rising .evcnty-flve feet above the lake level. Flourishing orange groves. Prominent veg-
etable shipping point. Will watered. Natural drainage. Railroad, telegraph. post office
and schoolI failtlles Universally pronounced one of ibe very best loatlons In the State
A.n Inspeclon will satisfy (bthe most critical. Inquiries may be addressed to

Established 1856.

200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.


Augusta, Georgia.

We offer for Fall and wlinier delivery nr, nnmmenre stork of Frutl and Ort-,mentai tree-,
Roses, alns. etc. suited I Fl.rilda. A I thie rne" Pechest. lately orlillraieu In Florida.
Also a superb stock of Everereens, '*,.mellias Ue-enhoulse plants etc.
Onr products have been lesteu In Florida forl thirty -LhTee seare past. Caluioguns free.
No Agents. Address
Augusta. Ga..

Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight of Apples, Pears, Cherres, Plum'.Cnr- ,
r culla prevented by spraying with the' S.XCSLSIORSpEIAY.
PUMP, GRAPE and POTATO ROT'prevented by using EXCELSIOR' -
rKNAPSACK SPR Rf also itnurious Lnsects whlen dtfe8t'
SCurrants Gooseberries.R perries and Sitrawberries.. PEFECT' -
Ca alogue showing allin urous in ets toruts fr'e e. Large .
Took of Fruit Trees, VLnes and Berry Plants at Bdtto prices. *,
Addre WM. STAHL..Q. o;Illioo..i -:;
-* .,..- : : ., -. ,:. .

5 ..: ..i,?
,...'_ .-. - .. -, ... -. -_ ..:. ."





FEBRUARY 26,1891]



-war4e. 11of1. accosts her saying:
.i auj, ..ay I thus make free
Tooffer you my armand company ?"
She replies as she leaves him :
-I am no lady, am not fair,
Can wil hout escort home repair."
An illustrated Catalogue of all the
groups now published will be mailed
on receipt of io cents.
The group will be .delivered free of J. J. CALHOUN & CO.,
expense at any railroad station on re-' MXCLUSIv DniARS
ceipt of the catalogue price.
14 West 12th St., New York.

-Important to MLelon Growers,

:I can supply Melon Growers with
pure stock Watermelon Seed of all
standard varieties, my own growth, at
lowest market prices.
To those purchasing seed of me, I
will finish fu I particulars as to plant-
i g,fertilizing, cultivation, etc.
l-l-4t Montleello, Fina


"You press the

we do the rest.

Seven New, Styles sad Sizes
S- AL OADED WITH Transpirent Filins.
For sale by all Photo.. Stock Dealers.

Send for Catalogue. tK"(CfHESTER, N. Y



And Fuilding Material.


Sclnittleilly treat,-d by au aurlis of world-
wide repulatl,.n Dearless tkradicited and
enilli y cure of ir.-m 2i ) 1 o3.i yea, r-'6sluandig,
after ll other treatment., have failed. How
Ithe ddlIeulty IF. reached and Li cause re-
moved, fully explainea in circulars, wilb al-
fldavit and testimoiruisof cures from proml-
S nent people, called free
ls, A. A.ONTAIINE, 19 East lih St,, N. y,

52% West Bay Street,



I.e. .. .
l *-. -a- ;!
.+" E +,..:i "


7 CZ |'. rL 6n .=

> ?... -

I hAveap.l-)saace remedy ior the above dicearF.: by ls
use tb-inaEads of bc-me oi thb corml Liad ujd of l0ng
at&Hd~ng"h7e tea. crred. lnled edaotrrn-g a my faiab
in itaealcacy, tabtL I ill esi TW,3 BeOt fLEB r .EE,n-ith
aVALJDABLETREATiSE an ta diaeaertoanayoI
feTer oo wil send ase thru Expreas and P.O. address.
'I, A. Slocumn. iN. C., 181 Pearl Sit. N. Y

rtur Iirect troan FACTORY and save MIDDLEMEN'S
'rofir. % #10.00 LEAT EIt TOP BUCOTY Slee
l.- A rare. IlIckorr tlheelF.Warranled, 84.5O.
Pai Waaon. 536 50 2 Manen n Buggy. $28 E6.
Tin '-n e i 5. A g,.ol 10 Ba.ey Har.sen8, $4.90.
U.S. BUGGY AND C.~t'I -u.,
Cincinnati, Ohio,


"Faust and Margurite."

Faust sees Mar-
l;urite for the first
time as she is walk-
ing in the street and



p I .- Spring,l "
-3 1 r 5_j a|e; why
P O T A *T O L a ;inA r le,,t tith
rsP a..i w iri life?
Our Catal c't,= I. rry ,n all farm c-,.fi. PREE.

PA TENTS I"^OMA P '6,IM P",;'N. \a nr,
rPATE' I F au on, D l No aty's b.
mill Patenl obLalboa d \\'rie lor Inventor'.
),l .-le

The Garrett Picket & Wire Fence Machine

IIu .G uara&nted fre ,-u[
praU. a hr, are rp.:rt-
%X I'lTe -I' l.:.. .t V%'b -IESilE
ir fru fl i ,. :.r I.,:
Hger t. CatalogveMfr-I. Ad-
SLt' j, ii be m ianufacLUrcr,

1 I ,



Leading Photographer
Of the State. Estimates.on

V I E alW ]1-7 p-
Up to 18x22 given on appiik lidn. 12-4-4pn

Cheap Substitute for glass on hot beds,
cold frames, etc. Three grades, Light, Me-
dium, Heavy.

For Florists, Gardaners, To-
bacco Growers, etc.
Protects from frost, promote- hardy vigor-
ous growth. Will not shrink or mildew.

- _. j >. .
.'. .S i 5 r +-
For sale by leading dry goods houses, seeds-
men, florists, etc. For circulars and samples
apply, -
27 South St., New York, N. Y.
Agents wanted.
Also waterproof covers from 21, cents per
square foot.

The introducerof the great and good
"isrker kharle Strawberry,
B rilliat
llermnan Jaeger
Will mall his valuable catalogue of tried
Southern fruits free. Address,
T. V. Mi t NSON, Denison, Texas.
Please mi nation this paper. 141-4

The New Tomato!
From Canada OUGHT to be extra early, and
as such is sent out. The reports of the ex-
perimental stations speak highly of it, and
numbers testify to its earliness, productive-
ness. large size, roundness, rich color and
freedom from rot. Per packas ,e, 15 cts; five
for 60 ets. Yon will find it only in my seed
catalogue, which will be seritc'FREE to any-
Marblehead, Mass.

Day Line--St. Johns River
Except Sunday.
STR. ELIZA HANCOCK leaves Jacksonville,
foot Main St., at2 p.m. for albernia, Magnolia,
Green Cove Spring, Picolata, Federal Point,
Orange Mills and Palatka. Leaves Palatka
7a. in., connects at Green Cove Spring for
Melrose and Santa Fe. Arrives at Jacksonville
12:30, p. m., assuring early connections for the
North and West. E. V. H. POST, Gen. Agt.,
E. W. EBBETTS, On Board
100 W. BaySt .. .

plies Our Special Circular describes themealL Sud
forv re,. Send also for our FhC% SendlOo.
Special Poultry Supply circular FREE. for most
complete SEED OATALOGUE published.
917 and 219 Market St.. Philadelohls, Pa

Style as shown in cut, with full
set attachments, self-settingnee-
Ile and self-threading shuttle.
You can get zw n machiness oNsT
of manufacturers. iave Canvas-
sers' Commissions of $25. Sent on
trial. Warranted 5 years.
SS We pay Freight. Philadelphia, lPar

i. sR' MOT or F O EIA D

PECANS .'m l oI erTa rEie:.tin
a l.l,.p el. D0 ll d .

e.,la. 1 id; one.year-oldl a.
sy lor ?i-rr-,

ees, e1 each.
'F,-2t Ocean Springs, Mims.

1 ;W]

\ A pamphlet of Informati,:,n andao-/ ,"
Sstract of tle lawaabowr; How to
'Obtain Pbii te T avrsat, Trade.,
SMarks. C.:.pyr hlb,, -en, Jree.f
.Ajndr. MUNN &. CO.
.361 Broadeny.
New York



0 oedeace 8o1i

IT7' D' eT ltedA.
WErl SELL ie



Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak
Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,
J 'Bed Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattan
Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
NS ,Styles.


Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and
Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.
Hotels, Boardinpx Houses, Shins, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.
&"P When writing, please mention this paper.



Jacksonville, Florida.
)rs in and Manufacturers of High Grade Ferti
Orange Tree and Truck Fertilizers.. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers.
All Grades of Fertilizer Materials on Hand at Lowest Market Prices.



We manufacture all our own poods at South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made from the best materials.
We have recently purchased the factory and good will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando, Fla.
J. ALEX. LITTLE, Secretary an i Treasurer,

3radley's Vegetable Fertilizer, Bradley's Orange Tree Fertilizer

Fish and Potash. Bone and Potash.
Dry Ground Bone. Pure Fine Ground Bout
Sulphate of Potash.

tobacco Fertilizer, Sea Fowl Guano, Patent Superohosphate o1
Lime, Muriate of Potash, Nitrate of Soda, Kainit, &c. *




BE30OW0I3?aT, TszAsEa.,
Branch Office, AUGUSTA., GA
W. J. POLLARD, Gen'1 Manager. OSCAR H. {OLAN, Fla. Salesman.
M.. Correspondence Solicited.



--'^ EEDS for your Garden. PLANTS for your Lawn.
C Nt *---- WHERE to get the best Seeds and fresh ones?. WHERE
to get the new Plants and good ones? This must be decided. Which
OPL3 of the new and famous are worthy, and which of the old are better, you
aR5sT 6oo I should know. We print an Illustrated Catalogue with Photo-Engravings,
Iw FE RE ED Colored Plates, and REASONABLE descriptions. As to its completeness,
.35 CT- and FARM. Free. We offer three collections of VAILUE. In SEEDS, 33 kinds. for $1.00,
jWtn. (Ar Sue. PIATS, 9 great Speciaties, $1.00; FLOWER SEEDS, 20 best for 60 cts.; the.three for $2;25.
VAU HAN'S SEED STORE, 88 State St., Box 688, CHICACO..

el Al 'old and new i
Waranted i
A ~~sotr MA ECIeUT. w Des..ipte Free. T. s. HUBBBAR 00., VRB NI,. NX.



G. L. TABER, Proprietor, Glen St. Mary, Fla.
25o, ooo- Trees, 200 Varieties. All.'home grown. It will pay you to
write to us before purchasing elsewhere. Send for catalogue and price list.
Special prices on large lots. ..

Jennings Nursery Co., Thomas.
ville, Georgia.

e U. S. Standard
t. $3- ALES
S Sentontria. reightpaid.

OSGOOD & THOMPSON, Binghamton, N.Y.

These cuttings are all from bearing vines.
All orders must be in by December 1,890
S2.50 per 1,000. Orders of 10,000 and up-
wards, 25 per cent. discount.
State agents for the sale of NIAGARA
and GREEN MOUNTAIN grape -vines.
Pioneers of Grap Culure in South Florida,-
dox 49 Orlando, Fla.


The No. 8 Cutaway, 4-feet wide, at #13.50; cash with
order. Full stock in warehouse. Send for eireular.
E. ". BHUBBABD, State Agent,
Federal Point, la.

y young men and boys. For 111'd catalogue,
address, Smunton Military Academy, Staun-
ton, Va.

If you suffer with any form of this terrible
loathsome disease and desire to get cured
promptly, permanently and cheaply, use
Turkish Electric Ointment. Immediate re-
lief. Action, cool and soothing. It is theonly
remedy in the wo.ld, and cures the worst cases
in existence. Sent by mail on receipt
dollar-no free samples. We mean business.
Don't hesitate, but remit at once, and address
plainly, TURKxISH PHARMACY C.o., Albion,

f65 o000 Very choice Niagara grape roots.
100,000 Five-bud cuttings of Niagara
JIOO 0O grape for sale cheap.
: Both from old bearing vines, well matured
wood and warranted true to name.
I can locate a few very desirable home-
:steads in South Florida.
C. I. P.AGE,
1-29-* Auburndale, Polk Co., FIla



[FEBRUARY 26, 1891

FEBRUARY 26, 18911


The Clyde Steamship Co

New York, Charleston and Florida Line

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointE
to sail as follows:

From New York,
iPler 29, R. R.)

Monday, Jan
Wednesday, Jan>-
Friday, Jan.
Monday. Feb.
Friaay, Feb.
j Monday, Feb.
Wednesday, e'eb
Friday. Fer,
Monday, 1--rn.
Wednescal3 F-eb
Friday Fe-b
Monday, Feb
W edne-day.F'eb
Frldar, Feb

(STANDAln TriM .)
S1 E M ER,

26th, at 3 P. M. .."ALGONQUIN" Sunday,
281h, at 3 P. m. .. CHEROKEE,".. Tuesday
3)th. at 8 P. M. .."YEMASSEE" .. Thu sday,
2d, at 3 P. M. .."SEMINOLE"... Sunday,
4th, at 3 P. A. :. DELAWARE". Tuesday,
6Oh, at r. "IROQUOIS" Thursday,
9th, at 3 P. N. .. At .GONQUIN" ",ndav,
llth, at 3 P. M. .."CREROKEE".. A>y,
13th, at .1 F. M. .."YEMASSEE".. Thursday,
1i,th, i. 3 P. A. ..'SEMINOLE".. 'Au day,
!6ib at, 8 P. .."IROQTTOIS" Tuesday,
-'ith. at, S. P. M. .'"ALG' NQUIN'" 'Thursday,
3, 8 3 P. At. ."CHEROKEE".. Sunday,
51b. at 8"P. M..."YEMASSEE ',. Tuesday,
'7tn, a .."SEtINOL"..y Thursday,

From Jacksouville,
Flor da.
Feb. 1st, at 9:00A M..
I-eb. 3d, at 11:00 A. M.
Feb. 5th, at 12Noon.
Feb. 8th, at 4:00A. M.
Feb. 10th, at 5:00 A. M.
Feb. 12th, at 7 A. M.'
Feb. 15th, at 9:O0 A.--M.
Feb). 17th, at 11:00 A.'M.
Feb. 19th, -at 1P. M.
Fen. 22d, at ;1:30P. M: -
Feb. 24th, at 4:00 A X.
Feb. 26th, at 6:00 A. X.
Mar. 1st, at 8:00 A. X.
Mar. 3d, at 10 A. M.
Mar. 5th, a t iI : 30 A

SSt. Johns River Line.

For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St.
Johns River.
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers "
I I' --" ..0 T -A cO S SOIsr IL E.,"
Capt. W. A. SHAW,7
".Ct".J'L.n A

Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr.
Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at
Sanford, daily except Sunday, at 9 a. im.

3:3'.1 p. wi and from

Read Down Read Up.
Leave 3:30 P. ...Jacksonvllle Arrive 11:t, P. A
8.(0 P. AM Pal tka Leave 7::0 P. AM.
1:3i A M Astor *2:0) P AM
2:15 A. M. .. St. Francis 12:45 P. M
65:00 A. M BorIe1lorl ... 1l:5 A. M.
'I): A.M. Blue Sprin gs .... 11:1) A H
Arrive 8.u0 A. M.. Sanford. 9:00 A. M.
9:15A.M. Enterprise '_ :1. A. M.
Also Steamer EVEROLADE (freight orilY from JackInvillle'for Aslor Mondays, Wednes-
days and Fridays at i. p. M. Returring. leave Astor rei-:days, Thursdays and- aturdayQ
at l( A. aM.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay Street.
I. iS. IRON II'NGIBIR. Jr., Fla. Pa"s. AgeLt, We-st Bay St.. JacksonvitUe, Fla
W. F. OG- ".1i FAY, TravellnE Ppssenger .gent, '5 We3t Bay St Jacksonville, Fla.
J. 0. PELOT, Frt. Agt., on whearf,-foot Hogan St.. Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD,.Fla. Fn.'Agent, foot LauraSr., Jacksonville, Flea.
J. A. LESLIE., aupt.; lootLLaura St...Jacksonville. Fla.
ITIARSHAL B. CLYD.E, AsAe. Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New Yors
THEO. G.- EGER, Traffic Manager. 5 Bowling Green. N. Y.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
13 Sqoulb W.9arvwe.,,Philadelplia. a Bowlin Green, N.,'.

Williams. & Clark Fertilizer Co.,


Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds St., Augusta, Ga
.C. D. DUNCAN, Florida Salesman.

-, Americus Oranre Tree Fertilizer, -- -
A-'-Americus Oranoe Tree, No. 2, .
.- Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate,
Americus.-'Pure --Bone Meal. Americus Bone and -Potash,
.' .Americus Strawberry Fertilizer..- "
-- .- LAmericus, Sul ha tofPotash- -
: -: i" : ; :Florida Veoetabl Fe ertilizer.
a-. Fm_g au C,:,F -Winton.-Mandarli, FJa. Dr. H.Khilght,.Bellevinw,'Fla.; M. E.
.' "-W B Oleritm ntli Fla.;- M. P.-Godfrey -Mlnneoia, F .'.. *-. -- .-.
i-: "s. aloorrespondence tlo.lW LIAlVI & CLABK JEBRTIL1ZER VO,.
: ,. -._ -. .- --. .. -.- _- -. ; -.A ug_ i. ta, .



-Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Phila-

delphia, and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours.

Ocean Steamship Company.
(Central or 90 Meridian Time)
S Passa g e I iates:
Between Jacksonville and New York: 1st class, 825.60; Intermediate, 819.00; Excursion, 848.50
Steerage, 812.50. "
Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, 827 00- Intermediate, 821.00; Excursion,847.30; Steerage,$14.25
THE Magnificent Steamships of this company are appointed to sail as follows:
.. central or 900, Meridian Time.)
NACOOCHEE. Capt Smith ............................. Monday. Mar. 2- 980 a m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg.....: ....... ....Wednesday, 4- 11.30 p m
CITY OF AUGUST I, Cant Catherine ........... .................Friday, 6- 200p m
TALL kHASSEE, Capt. Fisher ............. .............Saturday, 7- 8.03) pm
KANSAS CITY, Capt Kempton .. :........................Monday, 9- 6.00 p. m
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Daggett...........................Wednesday, 11- 63) pi m
NACOOCHEE. Capt. Smith .... ............Friday. 18- 7.3' a m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, C apt. Burg .............Saturday, "' 14- 7.00p m
CITY OF AUGUSTA, at, Catharlne.......... ........ Monday 16-- 1 a
TALLAHASSEE, Capt Fisher. ..............Wednesday, 18- 12.30 p m
KANSAS CITY Capt. Kempton ...... ............... .. .....Friday, 20- 2..ii p m
CHATTAHOOCHEE. Capt. Daggett.......: ..................Saturday, 1" 21- 3 3p in
NACOOCHEE, Capt. Smith .... .................... ........Monday, 28- 430p m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg...... .....................Wednesday, '26 5 30 p m
CITY OF AUGUSTA. Capt. Catherlne................... ........ Friday, 7 6.30 a Mn
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher..:................... .............. .Saturday, 28- 7.30 p m
KANSAS CITY, Capt. Kempton.......... ....... ...........Monday, '* 8_- 8(i0 p m
GATE CITY, Capt. Doane ................ .. Tuesday. Mar. 8- 1 00 a m
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Googins ........................ ... Saturday, .7- 8(1.Ip m
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis .. ............... Wedne.dlay, ", 1- 0 pm
GATECITY, Capt. Doane ... ...... ...Sunday, 15- fl 9() a m
CITY O" SAVANNAH, Capt. Uoo)glns .... Thursday. 19- 130 pm
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewi .......... ........ Monday, -" 28- 43. p n
GATE CITY. Capt. Doane. .............. .... .. Friday., 27- 631 p m
CITY OF SAYVANN \H, Capt. Googins ......................Tuesday, fa 31- .ti ai m
(This Ship does NOT Carry: Passengers.) ..
DESSOUG, Capt. Askin ....... ....... ... ..... Wednesday, Mar. 6- 1.3.' pjm
DESSOUG, Capt. Askins............... ..... ......... ....... .....Monday, III- luOja m
DESSOUG, Capt. Askins ................ .......... ... Thursday, 26- 5.00 p m
Connecting witb the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway iWaycross Short Line) offer
to the Traveling Public and bSippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to principal points North, East and Northwest
via Savannah. For informallon and rooms apply lo
J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAlN, Rloelting Agent
71 West Pay Si reel, Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
R. L. WALKER, Agent. C. G. AN)ERSON, Agent,
New Pier No. .5, North River, New York City Exchange Building, Savannah. Gp.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wlarf. Boston.
W. L. JAMES. Agent. 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
J D. HASHAGEN. Eastern Agent. SBa.. Fla.& Western Ry. Co.,261 Broadway. N. Y
0. M. SORREL. Gen. Manager. W. E ARNOLD, Gen. Tray. Agt., Jacksonville, Fla
For Tickets apply to 8 F. & W. Railway office.


w a* .T .T A r .A.. l3^ycl'l

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,



Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran,Wheat, Grits,-Meal,

COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark.


Star Brand Fertilizers MURLATE OF POTAH,-.
Orange Tree and Vegetable P.. ..
These Fertilizere have no superior in the market and a trial will oonvinee ; : -..

ETO., -ETC, -

BAN i,_--
Tropicada:nd.Subtropical. _-, z,. ..V'..
Large took choice VslariefesI True Nam l s ..
U-Lberal-Dealingl ROS NE -RI'
'.AL& DIUMS-'.' ".-
W. G. TOUSEY, Prop'r;, cr"oTr:vris,:.,- -
.. Send for Catalogue. '

. .,.



Blood and Bone,
Pure Fine Ground Bone,
'Animal Bone and Potash,
Blood', Bone and Potash,
Chicaoro Bone Meal,

[FEBRUARY 26, 1891


Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,
Linseed Meal,
Tobacco Stems,
Canada Hardwood Ashes,
Sulphate of Potash, &e.

Orange Tree PFooc. Bear1iang Trees.
Orange Tree 3FocciL, Young' Trees.
TVegeta.ble a3ncd Potatco G-rov'wer.
G-EO. E. WILSON, Gen'l Ae-t., W2 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.

Milwaukee-Florida Orange Company.
CHOICEST Strains of Distinctive Varieties of Citrugs Fruit Trees a specialty. Our stock
large and complete. Prompt attention to correspondence. For catalogue and price II
.ddres A. L. DUNCAN. Manager, Dunedin. WlI.



and their verdict is worth that of a hundred laboratories and
all the rude imitations of nature, which thecombined chemical
skill of the world can supply," says Norman Robinson, Florida
State Chemist ...
Pro,. S.'. Johnion, of the Conin. Experiment Slatlon,
a: ys liThe far I a manufacturer can compound fertil zer
that will 'value' well-, and yet give a very poor substitute for .
r'akly .hlgh. class manure. Many 'bone manures,' 'ground
bones,' etc.. have been largely adulterated with inferior, cheap
forms, of nitrogen, wool, horn, cheap re tiablle ni.,ier, nd
....pbaosphore rid as in rock, petrified bone, phosphates of in-
-erior KindJ: rndyet ibe decepfIoia has not been exposed by
-. .arin analyses or valuation. On the' contrary the figured
Svaluai ion hahv,. a,,i.j the unscrupulous manufacturer in cut-
.ine undr tu- ipur- and superior article."
The Bowker Special Manures, made :or ,lejinlit crops,
supply to the growing crop at the f roper time, in the proper
form, and in the proper proportions, the elements they need for
perf-t niaturliy Send to-day for ourlVlorida pamphlet con-
taining much useful irormnatioa

A. M. BO iD, General Agent,
50 West Bay St reet, Jacksonville, Fla.

---Manufactured by the-
0, B. Darling Fertilizer Company, Pawtucket, R. I.
Southern Offices and Warehouses, JACKSONVILLE, FL. /<.
W. H. MACOMBER, General Sales Agent, BostwiecBuildl.
Our Fertilizers have given Universal Satisfaction the past season. Send tr Cataloe,
giving prices, and testimonials from some of the leading growers. "


r.S ci.. ,.:.r my Grae n Sa al- c~r ": ....: ...ic i...
--SpkeE. .r,,itiVsgetableS.dipot d p I 'I '
day Aln raihn anL ro re Caralogues tree ".'
%gant ..r ed p:.pad. p 'ad c d. A I ME D'n ew 17-day Radish.


Building and Loan Association,
And Own a Home.
The terms of this Association have never been equalled in Florida It offers terms that
should enable every man to, instead of paying rent to a lanloord, have same eum pa for
same property in a few years It offers uetl lerms tp,
Write, for particulars, to the above named Association
5 Everett Block,Jacksonville, Fla.

Ton6, Touch, Workman: hip I Durability
Baltimore, 22 and 21East Baltimore Street.
New York, 148 Fifth Ave.
Washington, 817 Mat ket Space.


MI lwaukee-Florida Orange Oo0
eleacted asrinsiof C'hote.ic- aritie, r i'Citrus Fruit. Trees a Specialty.
S. .--Budding-Wood for sale. at all times.
Ourstock I, large and eorupiele. PROMPr AIrENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. For
('atwlogue and Prlee-List, addles "

44 000PIANOS
I Pla-ed in Suthero ome since IA70--Tetutyl ear'
ajnioAk.ibuoine Six 1 Ihllion Dollar
,a dearl" ,n5crea'tmg Wh1 1 BAroao tha OonnLr Is
0.oJ. d d-th Cheap. Interior Instruments, bluit
; and the public bas found out that .
SOur Irn.rumenta lead the world Our Prices. LESS
tn fs.ctor'eas Terims. EJaieat Methods. Fanret.
Inducements, gsea.u rord ae pay freigitf.
Write for fFree Catrnioie, and C,rcrlJfIs
fully-all in plain print Eavy t-, bus rrom an.

Fourteen varieties of land and water fowls.
Indian Games, Imperial Pekin
TUr *1^ R-WOv Tr k-r~~-Hi 7

A. L. DUNOAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. UDDEN &BATEI Poultry suppliesof allkinds. Send postal
.. ... Southern Music House, card for my new Illustratqd catalogue and
., __ .SAVANNAH, CA. ". .. price lists. .
THE G W d BLOOM. COARD CO E s. to Hat,'
S' a d BL .00M E. W. AESSDEN, Ormond, Fla.
S L have L"heb,'-rt,:.wi of growing them, keep- S L
R g 0 .imn hlptln:--em. Acres of Glaas. 1.1r, 11 dgiJ J 1ll.^^
------ i u ~~i clly ii. R.-e y. are bound tocome I .a11 IounAg men for the active dutiesof I fe III
toasin (theend. Onr N IF G'17r -1 --I r-' pp. i[u]itra' .:,na,. fete -t. c,, Ps:. ko.f ind.F R FREE *.', ithred by the Leg-latiureof Virginta and 1
o1ll inter5tid. We a...l R - % r DY PLiANTS. Sl .iIER B(ILBH, FLOWE'R and ,. ,.J..rEi by the Chamber ofCommerce, Council
VEGETABLE -EED .i .I I.r. i n.. SA.f e arrival 'Ir nI r.ii.rfnrtion guaranteed. r; i I promine.a cItzenaortheciLy whber loaded to ever man, young,
THE PINGEE & CONARFD CO -n..-e irse aa', -West Grove. Pa. I r,:ataogue.circ ulariandteitimo aliaddress ad o; potage paid.'Adsre
I ,-"DLiNSMOIE, President, Staunioii. r Du Mot.8lColumbulAve..Boston.MaM.



*&. *;.

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