Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Material Information

Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Florida dispatch farmer & fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Florida dispatch farmer and fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Farmer's alliance
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville, Fla.
Chas. W. DaCosta,
Chas. W. DaCosta
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 33 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


General Note:
"Farmers alliance semi-tropical magazine consolidated January, 1889."
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
ocm0833 ( NOTIS )


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Full Text
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DACOSTA & POWERS, Jacksonville, Fla., Thursday, February 5, 1891.

Whole No. 1149. vN SEKo.ES

One and one-half miles from Peru, Fla., one-
half mile from Alafla river. 110 bearing trees
in first-class condition, 15 to 18 years old.
Good water, healthy locality. Tract contain-
ing 70 iores." Address, P. M., Peru, Fla .
MooDn' Patent Plow-Colter and Gauge beatsL
thb world. Adjuailble to any Plow one or
two hers-. taves 2r ) per cent. In labor for
man and beast, and enables you to turn any
kind o grass, lines or weeds completely out
01o sight Gu.ARANrEsED. Send for eircular
Agents wanted. Huntsville, Ala

Price Catalogues of weekly sales arnuishea
on application.

Agents for Georgia, Carolina and Missouri
melon 300 cars rIc, Iced early. Leaders
in Bananas and Floiua Oranges. Conslgn-
ments'sol ited. QuIckest and best returns.
Riferehces: Whole rult trade, Masonic
Bank, and Co. Fxclhange Bank.
PItisburgh, Pa, 9O. to 431 Liberty avenue.
New Yorlk, N. 'N., 'se Park Place and
Washington street.
Philadelphia, Pa., Jas. Saitta, 11 and 13
Dock street.

PropLT .rs-.) aj general tine c -fruir treeiadapteI
to Florlia a Era] 'L Ltif [[-3E. I lrida gro" p-
and Orl total plum sp elaitil-. Flity varle[ er,(
p-.a,'b aj diri'-,n of0 plusm P=?ch jn both pE-ace
an- i Mari-taea plui r,.)[ Ak rlr:I 'ltart ne)- .
almonds, pecans, Jenning's Floridu apple, etc. No
agents employed. Correspondence'soelited.
Aliows-stock of all kinds I,) graze and pre-
venis browsing. Trees and shrubs fully pro-
(ected. "
References, S. B. Hubbard A Co., Jackion-
. ville.
Price, 01.25 each at factory. "
Switzerland,* .la.
S' J. BEACH :& SON.,

Trees and Plants of all kinds suited to this
climate. Camplihor trees a specialty. AlIo
Japan Chestnuts, Pecans and Japan Persim-

only f2.i) per l6 square eet. Makes a good'
'roIf ior years, arid anyone can put It on. Send
stamp for sample and furl partlealars
39'& 41 WstL Broadway, New York..
9 Local Agents Wanted.


They are the best. They are -grown for use in the South.
They are adapted to our Florida soil and climate. Give them a
trial. Our new catalogue for .x890-9z will be sent on application.
Seedsmen and Florists. Intrelachen, Fla.

START RIGHT AND KEEP RIGHT by buying yotir vines
of those who have had experience and have MADE A SUCCESS
give full instruction as to planting and care of vines.
State Agents for the Niagara White Grape Companies' Superior Vines,
-and -Green-Mountain,
Box 492,. Orlando, Fla.
f* i 1E 0, ITIOYER, and allUleading anid ew varieties
ofgrape vines, Native and Forelgn. .
I -: N V --G It .mESTS-AN D!

Eor oPrice list, and estimates with specia.I disc6oiits on
DuI IAM ON large orders, address,
---" E. X>UBOIS, "mnager,
San Luis antl-A-ndalisia Nurseries and Vineyards, Tallahassee, Fla..
Send for price list of FLORIDA WIE"S. .

Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Whiarves at the terminus of the F. ,C.&'P.:. R.,
St. Johns River, East Jacksonville.
Manufacturers of Commercial. Ferti izers.
Wholesale dealers in and importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chermicals.
Send us your name and we will mail lo'bl from time to time much general information
regarding successful orange and vegetable culture In Florida.
The Finest Recommendation to be Obtained in the State.-Florida Experiment'Station.-Jas. P.
DiPass, Director.
LAKE. CI-Y, FLA., Oct. 29, [90..
Mr SSS. 'E. T. PAIN &SoN. "Dear 'Sirs-I have used your "Orange Tree Food" on my
grove for two years and my trees are growing very finely. It 1l an treei/lr,t criih.r and I
can-ecommendit mbstie hihly. Yours .tely, -As. P. DR-PAss.
S. TAMPA, FLA.. OOt 20, %,').
MkESs.E.'r. PAI3SE & SON'. Gentiemen-T am so far satisfied with tne results obtained
by the use of your "Orange Food" FerliUzer, of which I used over.i tonsl bepast season.
.y fruits very firm andheavy. Fie years conitnuoua use 01 bis brand nows hat li pro.
dues a thin toughl-skinned fruit, which carrles to market under average conditions in ex-
celi'ent sliapv Not one bad order" report did I rccelve the paut season. The.wood growth
obtaIned by tb. use of your fertUlzar Is not as great as by some others, but Is h'A LTtif and
OERrAIN. Yours truly, J. 51. WATROUS.

fAi.gyE YOUTC R X [ M 4C> EIVT.
B Ullu ffl orI, i1inc0 1 ,Oo's*VEG }R ATOR"
Complete Ft'erliti 'r1for Vegetables and Fruit Treea. An6lysl adprie.u a 'pclsion.
GEO. W. BAKER'S "ROTTED BONE MANURE, D'eomp6sed wvit Potash. -~2 perr
ton delivered. Guaranteed Analysis. SeKndfor Catalog e and samples. pri, .
BAKrR BRO., Sp'Ol Agents, PaSpiu IN CAft LOT

Chasselas Luttichau, best and by weekU
the earliest market grape In Florida..
Write for Catalogue.

IH. voirLujTT1IHAU;
'-Eailetdon Fla.


--N U RS E R Y;.-- *
(Only 800 yards from-depot.) .
Thousands of sweet 'seedlings, two to flveyeats
old, from seed directly from te [ameon rmckee
rove. Splendid selection of bu.ldwl irees, thotr-
fes andotherwise. Maltese Orale, M 7- wej, J1aa,
Washington Navel, Tangerine, Peerless, Rayinod
Sweet and others. The last named is a new and
Bplenor'-Vattety, early and sweet. Our prices are
the lo'.,. Try ui and you -111 pulrcbaaa.
Addlress, J.C. ST TMNER. Manager.
Care E A FHa., EUersUe, Pasco Co., FIB.


Wh "les Oom iission,tFrais anil Vegetables.
Promipt reim-uris. esnciBnn a placation.
1S9 South ati 'Street. Oalnmls.

ForthesalebfiOranges, Lemonsand Bananda,
Ample storage and refrigerators. COe-
respondence solilled. Stedcl s furnlsbed.
Rererrences-Mercantlle National Bank; .Wm- Ed-
e ar.l, & Co. W boleaale Orosers, Chilld. Groift & Co..
Wr.,olrals Boor and Sor,es. Bradarreels' and R.G.
DOn & Co.'a Merantlle Agene: "OnrJo Farmer,"
Cleveland. -.. -
No. 625 Liberty Ave.,
Commission Merchants, Dealers In Foseign
and Eomeotlec Fruits. Changes In dsr lots'a
specialty. ..e
SConiAlgn ients-and correspodddoe sollcited
Refe-rence, German National Bank.

iefeirences: 'Dr. Hehry Fdistr, Oi16do, Fla.*
Capt. B. F. Whitner, Fort Reed, Fla.; First .
National Bank, Sanford, Fla.; S. P. Sligh,
Lady Lake-; Fla.;. J.W Roberts, Orange
Bend Fla i Dr. L. L. Newso16, Gfkbb!etOltCy,
-Fla;'Fo-urtl etlSn-al Bank, Boston;-H.
Harris Co, Bo ton.
Oranges, Lemons, Pineapples, and all other
Fruits and early truck, also, dried fruits,
nuts fursltc. '
All ddn"l gnnieits jroniptly renlitted for.
Stencills and market rcpbrts'urwlbed free.
Reerereces: BradalrCeels, and established
merchants at d banks of the South.
Receivers of Florfda Oradgeb, L.modes, GLape
Frul tr pd Tangeothes.
Stenanfldruifllettlfree. .
SRdferenceL-C hatlamNational Bank, N. Y.;
PJas. A. Hailas, CItra, Tlia.
Pfompt returns on all conslgnments.



S-- H 'he F'lorld a D1aX>l tolM
With the Magnificent Connections.

The, Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S., F. & W. Ry. be-
tween Jacksonville, Gainesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah, Savannah and Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New
York, and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all
points North and Northwest. Re rivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections :
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,
Savannah, Jesup and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville, Jack-
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior sonville, Callahan and Live Oak.
and Coast points, including New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from -
Providence. New York (New Pier 35, North River,) direct for Savannah Monday, Wednesday, Friday and
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah Saturday.
Monday, Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston JAn. 8,
Two connections a week for Baltimore, via Merchants' and Miners' transportation Corn- 12,16 20 24 and 28 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast
pany, leav-ing Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. freight trains for all points in Florida.
Connectionsfor Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia Jan. 10 20, 30 and
Jan. 10,14,18, 22, 26 and 30. every five days from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
Savannah Jan. 15 and 25. Friday, making close connection with S., F. & W. By. for all points in Florida.
Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and beat freight route from all points North, East anrd West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping receipts apply to
any agents of the above lines, or to WM. P. HARDEE, Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
0. D. OWENS, Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Traffic Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. SPOTTswoon, Trav. Agt., Gainesville, Fla. J. P. JoRDAN, Tray. Agent, Quincy. J. E. DRAYTON, Tray. Agent, Jacksonville. 4J. H. STEPHENS, Agent, Jacksonville.

Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery

Augusta, Georgia.
We offer for Fall and winter delivery an immense stock of Fruit and Ornuaental trees,
Boase, Palms, etc. suited to Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated in Florida
Also a superb stoak of Evergreens, Camellias, Greenhouse plants, btc.
Our products have been tested in Florida for thirty-three years past. Catalogues free.
No Agents. Address,
Augusta, Ga.

Eustis, Lake County, Fla.,
Offer for sale for immediate planting

One ana two year buds; choicest varieties, all grown on pine land.
My Nurseries were entirely uninjured by the March freeze. Plant now during the rainy
eaon. Write forspecial prices.


DESTROYER will kill the cut worm, destroy the grasshop.
per, exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects that
feed on and destroy the young vegetables and plants. Vege-
table and truck growers should investigate the merits of this
wonderful preparation.
For general information, prices, circulars, etc., address,
Box 216,. Jacksonville, Fla.

iMention this paper. I



Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
Parker..................................1.7l5 J. martin Rye $3.00
Orange Valley 2.00 Viwrinia Glades 4.00
ring Vale 2.50 Ol Bourbon......... 5.00
North Caro'na Corn............. 2 50 Kentucky Sour g lash............... 5.00
Clifton Club ............. Old Baker............ 5,00
Montrose Velvet $6.00.
Jr*gs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c, Remit by post office
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. 0. D. to dry towns,
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application..
John Olark., Son & Co.


Leading Photographer
Of the State. Estimates on
Upto1 z22 given on application. 12--4-m

Important to Melon Growers.

I can supply Melon Growers with
pure stock Watermelon Seed of all
standard varieties, my own growth, at
lowest market prices.
To those purchasing seed of me, I
will furnish full particulars as to plant-
ing, fertilizing, cultivation, etc.
1-1-4t Monticello, Fla

We. make the original Virg nia
Ventilated Fruit Carriers for
Strawberries and Tomatoes. If
you want fancy prices for your


Trade Mark.
Will Make Hens Lay 1" .....
Will Make Chickens Grow!
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully
cooked, ground fine, seasoned and hermeti-
cally sealed in 8-1b cans. Being ground iine, it
can be readily mixed with soft food, and fed
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Pric
30 cts per can; $3 per doz. Address HOLIS
Boston, Mass. fMention paper. I


Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-
1wide reputation. Deafness eradicated and
entirely cured, of from20 to63 years' stand-ng,
after all other treatments have failed. How
the difficulty Is reached and- th cause re-
moved, fully explained in circulars, with af-
fidavits and testimonials of cures from promi-
nEt people, mailed free.
Ak. AfOINTAINE, 19 East 14th St., N. Y.


Tomatoes, ship them in a No. Faust and Margarite."
41 or a No. 42 Ventilated Carrier. -
Early Strawberries in a No. 34 Faust sees Mar-
or 36 Crate. Catalogues, prices gurite for the first
and samples free on applFcation tme as she is walk-
.- ing in the street and
Southside Mfg. Co., in.. P accosts her saying:
1-t Petersburg, Va. "Fair lady, may I thus make free
To offer you my arm and company?"
She replies as she leaves him:
s L a "I am no lady, am not fair,
P Can without escort home repair."
An illustrated Catalogue of all the
BUSGIES CARTSand t IE groups now published will be mailed
Uil6IES HARNESS1 at RICE on receipt of o10 cents.
Buy Diredt from FACTORY and save MIDDLEMEN'S The group will be delivered free of
Profit. A $90.00 LEATHER X TOP BUGGY Steel
ixle & Tire, Hickory Wheel.,Warranted, $45.50 expense at any railroad station on re-
SPass. Wagon, $35.50. 2 Man Open Buggy, $28.50. ri
Man Cart, $9.50. A good $o Buggy Harness, $4.95. ceipt of the catalogue price.
Cincinnati, Ohio. 14 West 12th St., New York.

[FEBRUARY 5, 1891



$2.00 PER YEAR]


[$2.00 PER YEAR -

S We made a journey to Sanford to orange in the box, it is almost sure to be on The A B. 0. in Orange Culture.
8 and OcYiC R d W see its acking system, reported to be the top. Sometimes in order to get what I
really think they are worth, I have to sort and NO. I.
one of the best in the State; but, un- repack the whole lot. In doing so, I will Elitor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
How to Market Fruit. fortunately, the packeries were closed probably get five or more boxes of No 2 You ask us to write an article on
Our vigilant correspondent, Mr. for the present. They receive the grade. These, of course, I have to sell for less.range culture ntr -"the
Neeld, wishes us to devote a number oranges in bulk from the grower, sort, money, which reduces the average, to thrangyou woulture, wanttorv,"thif
to this topic. The two great points size, paper and pack them, and furnish you srantee my customer, bt only bne a them did not know anything." e think
guarantee my customers, but convince them did not know anything." W\e think
to be attained are, first, to prevent everything at a uniform charge of for- that your fruit is in all respects as good as sometimes that we might reverse the '
gluts; second, to prevent the shipment ty-five cents a box. They are said to Mr. Brown's before I can sell it to them at latter quotation and say to. ourself,
of inferior fruit. An enthusiastic give satisfaction and to pack the or- the same figures, and when you put it up and We dn't knw a but would
grower, writing in one of our ex anges better than the majority of grow- grade ito I can do so, I ca and will return We dn't know
changes, expressed a wish that every ers would do it at home. you as good prices as I do Mr. Brown, which like to know." We certainly -are in .
changes, expressed a wish that every ers would do it at home. would like to do." our A B. Cs. A short time ago we
city had a fruit exchange. This From a variety of sources we pre- A CALIFORNIA PLAN met a gentleman who h.-d lately
would leave matters about as bad as sent several views and statements, taken charge as superintendent, of
they are pow, for there would be end- bearing on this subject: The following has just been adopted several thousand as superintendent, in-
les arerossfiringnd- come etiiou n be- b nin Southern Caliornia: several thousand acres of. land, in-
less cross firing and competition be- A COMMISSION MAN'S. VIEW. Southern Californcluding a number of orange roves.
tween localities as there is now be- There should be ; system organized in buy- The incorporation of a0joint stock company asked him if be fhad had very.
tween individuals, ng and selling oranges, which would be of to be taken by growers, value of shares, 45 to much experience in orange culture.
Gluts can never be prevented except great benefit to both grower and dealer. The $10. Board of directors with manager to con- He replied, "Oh yes, I spent rhree
by an association covering the whole present system s very unsatisfactory, and tro the association, One or more directors weeks in aft orange g,.o, a or
b rr- also expensive to the dealer. For instance: appointed from the several prIncipal sip- we 1
of a given fruit region, with a tele- A mania Chicago wires for acar of oranges. pngpontd r heveraprcipa two ago andgave t "ad he
graph system at their command rami- Hle only wants 10 per cent. russets; on have packing houses. Appointment of Eastern knew all about orange culture.,
flying through both sections, the one car-loaded l5 or 20 per cent. russets, and the agent, probably Porter Bros. at Chicago, todi- A man- was once boring .a" hole: in :
which produces and the one which wirehasto beusedagain,whenon the other rect shipments., E.pioyg an stationing anox yoke, holding it between his
consumes that particular variety of hand If russets were eold at one price and competent agents atDenver. Kansas City and .
""ri L ts at an,-,, a ,7. u ,xe5 eilL,.-r way ot..r pjins to work lu uut,or, w'I tu Porter f,:el, ihe tlhin.- touldJ keep turning
Iltl nrh. .. '_-3.asi ,E, I L, r.natliun ,I N mi.l-r 00 Br...a. lu pla.'Ing h.prr.lImeS s Io as to avoid iro Jund. A fo .:.Ilh i tellovw watched
The .ec, rn, requisite, t,, e .clude n. ,.c:.ur, i ..iar r,i trt, are rw..irh mo, ba n i inut. I nIhl,.ar l'bee iIt mEi utag e h.m a lhile ind then remarked. \-- ny
in-r-hi.inrtble Iruit from shm ipillieri, is r.u-is In Itu, mbre- LAnothr |-Ol t, e I alared. _Ar ralgenment.s to be ngern ,j,1,0' ,, i ut r in thlie hog trough?" a
:1.i difficult t .-, ac.coirnp liih. T ills i s& '.are dl.eriminm ,jl agutliri. i -Sy b,:,al.o with railroad cou purle! whereby Th
Siree cIrunitrI r -nrod the :,wner of poor "e ,,io reulr _z, aud l,-s--ri i o -'*. nir', e o1 car.load ral-s can be n dd, making n ,, r l o r I n
i Et iuA rboearad r a ',--I p r'hfe Off s z t&orl:d, I mIr alsa'lugto sipper!. dupplyton ec.x i,-,.ked u, and remarked, taking in.-
fruit has as, miu h rilg t to, pu t aboard 2:.u b .,oDa thi, ff ,L pr.ce. so a man stuffat reduced rates. Main offlo to bs. in the irtua'i .Cn at once: *Well, there,
the cars or sctamers of a public carrier ,n .,-r York sena, an oder: Snlp ar one- Los Argelesi w-ita on.e ranob office In River- a man c it learn something from any
as the o vner of the gilt edge article. Ori .btsi regular sz 2-., .,ff sizes iJ. l e n fo l can learn
X fei weeks ai,., tha grooers et R-I % ,"*"*I i llLJ ue n .,row-r nas trouble witn
A few weeks agio thc growers .l, R' W iouut ,J u~r .1nr hi oraone.. A c.ELAEV AHE PEACH EXCHANGE. io.e.lin). replied the Ifoohsh fellow.
er side, Cali.-,rF., were thrown into a i h ignb,-.,', at p.,,itlug bo.ue an Wvyoulae, -o., Del., was in the midst W e h ie L. beer in Florida fifteen years,
stale ,:,' hi~,h it'li itatin bv the prop- e s us ha.j more' r.oies tnau e ot .o cr,jt of1 tibe nuet perr section ou the iAe-. and Jnd still think we can learn some-
oiltion 1:i1 the buyer: arid packers to, for T iE"y 1i:,ulJ L. o i n :,' p.-.-u d6 for tie, fruit growers opened theireyes and osab- thr.,ing "f'ro,i any fool," and per-
then l,:t ship "only merchantable a :,joxof ranges louos; the grow-r sees them th-beJ their Exchange at Inal point A can- i f'mo ,' a nW per-
irutl But lthe -uers anrd packers wge i, s ,s oaek na taare, nud he of the Nort, East and West, was made; hapssone i 'our new readers may
were more than half rilhr. Poor fruit bow much Is coming as price paidl; buyers came, rruit wassold by auelionr, bav- leitn something from us.
ne oe then h lf i. Pc r fu ,oa thbe paek-rtuves lirnearnd troutale keep- Irg been insprctd under thO eyes o1 the \\'e shall first speak of land, for in
is one of the m,:,st [.rific causes Of lu otis separate and wel;ns baci as iareall buyer, by having a basket or two of each tiat lies e.'ervrling or nothing. Florida
gluis; p,.oor fruit l,.:..:rs the ,standard i. ,Ec-,tv oranges not it to psek. wagon load emptied when required.
ol an\ locally ift mes., nistr,,.Micns -.vere cerri,d out it To ti-t point ,,10,0na ktI, frui t could be i aid i., bec a nm re recent formation
But, of cou'r-e, the only way it can wouid put buudrEds of thousands ofl dollars bro:ugnt in wigoris during tie season; as than any other portion ol our country,
be excluded is for growers of goo.-d ro in, pocket' ci th' orange growers oi many as twelve or teen ears being ablpped and yet geologists -ay it has taken
fruit to charter cars by, associated ia- F,:,ridaunually. in a.Jay. years to form the peninsula.
a.NOI-IER Tre Eentangeplaced offers and clerks In We h seen portions of
tion and rule out everything not be. ANOIHER. the Excanuge building, a nd wih truern \\helt re have seen portions of
longing to their own members or not A year or so ag.:,one ofl rorangegrowers buyers deposited tneir money in lbemornong, Florida that we thought were un-
coming up to the standard adopted LiV 'rsild his8 comnrssi0o merchant In Nw re.ers taking aecou.nt oe all sae, paying doub-edly ihe Lord's dump.grounds
comig o Yuii., and waned- him to explaini.hbe ouii, ,-r tn Iant, rnd returning Lo tue buyers, after he had finished the rest of the.
their inspectors. And this will make ow tr waes isorangesdild not oeil forasmuch wneuever demaundea, any money not. paid earth. No duubt it has risen out of
ill feeling in a rneight.borhood. as his nr Eio-,-s He did not like to o n Exchau.- cOharged the seller oe the sea; we see signs of it everywhere;
There is no trouble, glut or no glut. admit thai Brown's fruit, was any better than c.ent per basket for selling the fruit and the
in marketing such fruit as we saw Mr. r -.'Well."s ay. ie merebant, -I will teil buyer ,u.0' per earfor l,..ading it. you can t alk one-half mile in many
J. 0. Taber, of Orange county, pack- you the wnolesecret Mr. Brown has always 'he plan worked admirably so for as it places and cross four distinct kinds of
ing He had the Florida made boxes been very particular loa giadng nis fruit and wentu; but it did not extend its Ful benefits to lands, and stand with one foot on one-
had the Fria mae boes putting t up. His No I ruls wat it pur- growersat a distance from thbeseat Of.rsope- kind and the other on another kind.
de-cribed by Rev. Lt man Phelps in ports to be, in size, ,luaitILy and appearance rations so marked the line. In one of our
another column; as cl':an ,ur smooth He has succeeded ineatabiisbigfor ILaname lO marked-is the line. In one a four -
and bright as any that ever came cromn and reputation wileh dale.i na,, learned to A BALTIM. FRLilT EXCHANGE. s I can show you an orange
Bangor. TLhe hoopa, arc al cut by. appre;,lat They look for and inquire for It, The Baltimore Fruit and Produce Ex-. tree fifteen feet high which has been
Bnor. he r l cut often will take nuoter i I tel them I change, estaoiished iast April, handled over'e year twenty fee from it
machinery from cypress logs and nailed bae a lot c'.anfoberbrand equally as good, ti per cent.of the fruit coming to tbti mar- plan fe y ers; three feet hifh
on .clear around the b:,Ix a en it is they are inclined doubt It I once had a, ket. After the Exchange opened for the is an orange tree three feet high,
made. When ready to be nailed up, order for ttenly boxes of Brown's brand to transaction oi business, August 1st, we sold planted at the same time, and five
the workman with a sharp hatchet cuts send out of town. The case was an urgent fruit at tree per cent. commissionn enarges, feet high when planted. .(Perhaps we -
each hoop in two n the midde .i* h one, and. baking none on hand. 1 filed the commission men charged t11 per cent.; we planted it wrong end up.) Saw.dust
each hoop inb two in the middle withn ord-r with abolner brand I thought equally made nocarlage charges, commisslon men an orane tree, but don't
a clear, blique broke, pressesdown asgood, and so devised ry ctomr, but tue charged 5c. per package; we sold at puollc ll, hold up a orange tree, but Real on
the top with a lever, nails it fast, then woie lot was returad to me---ney were uot au-ion and had competition in purchasing, plant a grove in saw-dut.
brings the two ends of the hoop to wanted. Again, you shblp roe, say, forty so that after we had been fully established, estate agents, as a rule, .are- a real
S gether again and nails them down, boxes. My customerexamines tree or four frult sold by the Exchange netted tne grower nice set of fellows, but they- ate -
This avoids the work of rolling the boxes and be Ends two .or three oranges to 10to2 per cent. more than goods sold In he lined to follow the teachings of-one
b I-over. ndover to pht theo o each boxosedonrdquality Heestimateethe same markets by Individual deal. Theible? "the truth
l oops whole lot of. like cbarater, and make-s his -Exchage returned the-actual.amqona the whod said (in the Bibles "h truth
on after it has been filled. offer accordingly. If there is a second-class goods sold for, less commission and freight. should.not always be spoken,."'rather

V :- -. .- ." .. . .- .- '.. "-. -.
It u. .-_ ..- -- .- ._ --. .'


than the hatchet cherry-tree story of
later date.
A few years ago we had a succes-
sion of very dry seasons; real estate
was booming; a gentleman purchased
ten acres of beautiful hammock land
and planted a grove. The trees grew
finely; in two years the "cycle" came
round, .a moisture filled the atmos.
phere for forty-one days and nights.
Thinking he had better visit his grove
and mellow up the ground about the
trees, he hired a boat and rowed for
two miles, passing over several groves
till he came to his. He knew it was
his, for he had just put up a sign, "No
trespassing." He could just see the
tops of his trees, and a large flock
of wild duck were having a gay
time diving for pond-lily bulbs. The
agent who sold that land believed
"the truth should not always be
We. believe in hammock land,
either high or low, for an orange
grove. If low hammock it must be
capable of being drained, and at least
six feet above tide water. Low ham-
mock is apt to have, underlying the
dark surface soil, a stratum of hard
pan, marl, lime rock, or quicksand.
If either comes within one foot of
the surface, hesitate about purchasing.
If quicksand is within one foot on
any land, skip it. High hammock
with a rank growth of hardwood tim-
ber, there is never any doubt about;
you need not dig but look up at the
. growth. Nature will not lie. We
do not condemn good pine land for
an orange grove; there are many beau-
tiful groves on it. But. why spend
75c. to get $1.o6, when you can get
the dollar by' spending 5oc.? See?
We believe there is just that differ-
ence in favor of hammock land,
ersus pine land. Why purchase land
and build it up and be continually
fertilizing it to keep it up. %ihen vyou
can with a little more money at the
outset get rich land that will
grow an orange tree to the bearing
age and two or three years after with-
out fertiliz;rng'
\\e are inclined to this op.Inion, and
if asked, would give it to a stranger.
As long as there is a plenty of high
hammock land, land that produces
nur-bearing timber that can be got at
a reasonable price. I would purchase
that by all odds in preference to anvy
other. We are speaking of making
an orange grove as an investment.
If a person was pleased with a Cer
rain localt)y, and the groves in that
vtcinir were doing well with little
-expense, it would be sale to locate. I
will tr to talk less and say more on
the subject in my next.
Ormoud-on-thbe-alirax, -Nu'nber Nine,"
Orange Boxes of Florida Woods
Editor Farmer and Fruilt-orowe.-

At the opening of the Alliance Ex-
position in December last, at Ocala, I
saw the veneers for orange box sides
cut by Jno W. Leslie. Ii I had seen
nothing else at the Exposition I should
have been-repaid for that trip. They
were the best cut veneers I .ever saw.
Nfy fingers have handled some, hold
ing the cabinet scraper as Aell as the
varnish brush and the
'Their edges were square and clean cut,.

Very few of them had a brack, blem-
ish or check in them. Of late I have
been using these veneers for my orange
boxes. I do not hesitate to say Mr.
Leslie is the owner of the best veneer
cutting machinery in the world; and
he knows how to use it. He turns
out the most even work I have yet seen
-not one poor piece in a thousand
has he sent me.
I am fully persuaded that no plant
of the same size has come into the
State that will be of equal value to the
fruit and vegetable growers as the Box
and Basket Factory at Centre Hill.
The box is smooth, has the clean odor
of the pine, and a soft, mellow shade
suggestive of Florida climate and sun-
shine. The color of the box harmon-
izes in art tones with the refined shades
of our oranges. It every way makes
a more attractive package than the
cold, bald colors of the Northern beech
which has nothing suggestive of Flor-
Considering the quality, the box
sides are most reasonable in price. I
experimented a few. days ago on some
of the veneers cut from the curly pine
with a cabinet scraper So perfectly
had they been cut that I. could dress
them-without any other tool-save the
scraper--and fit them for polishing.
I do not ask the orange growers to
patronize Mr.. Leslie because it is a
home industry. I believe in my right
and duty to go where I can do the
best. Write to inform your interested
readers where they can get a good box,
a neat box, and a cheap box, or a well
finished basket, four of which fill one
end of a rsaidard box, or another size,
twoof which will fill an end of an or
ange box. These baskets, too, are at-
tractive and made of the yellow pine.
Sixteen oranges, o" 176 size, will' fill a
shallow tray; and sixteen, of 176, will
fill the bottom layer of a larger tray,
nhile the iop layer will take in sixteen
ol i zs size.
IThe one point I wish to emphasize
ii it ii a stood box, a most attractive
..rie; and I b-elieve the busy toilers on
the rjilroids hiandile -uch pack-ages
better than pi r -one-, and that the
buyers pay in..;re for rhe fruit in them.
Here let me say. by way of digres
sim (thouLih the fact has the same
connection as two coats hanging on
adjacent pegs along side each other.
I do not agree with my easy niiting
friend. E. H. Hart. in regard to the
utility of creamy orange wraps He
did not have the cou age of his con.
.'ictionz. \\Xlien he showed his fruit
at Ocala he lined his trays with soft
paper. Those same oranges were
worth more to Mr. Hart for their neat
surroundings. To the buyer they
were worth more than the cost of the
soft, fluffy arfd creamy paper to set off
the yellow spheres. If any of you have
the good fortune to dine at Mr. Hart's
hospitable home you can plainly
read Mr. Hart's views on attract
tive packages of choice fruit. The
wife and daughter are worth
more to him because of the sim.
ple ribbon, the harmony of color
and the contrast so fitting the bright
eye and the fair complexion. A1 say
even the dinner- is better, because of

that bit of ribbon, though he regales
you with his choicest fruits. Mr. Hart
is a born artist, arid does- study to

please. We all must learn that art it
we court success. Mr. Leslie needs
no hints from me. He is a master in
his work. LYMAN PHELPS.
Sanfurd, Fla., Jan. 24, 1891.
a 4
Profit of Pineapple Culture.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
I have no objections to you using
my name in-connection with the pine
culture, but I wish it to be used in
such a way that I will not have to
answer letters to individuals. The ques-
tions asked by one are asked' by nearly
all and it would be better for me and
save me much time to answer through
your paper; then it 'would reach all
that we care to reach, and I could
answer by referring to FARMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER of such a date.
You were nearly correct, only I
have about 45 acres in pines and there
were only about 25 acres in fruit last
year. I received in round numbers
$1,400 for the apples off two acres,
and sold off the same land $300 in
plants; and the prospect is as good
.tor this year as last, if not better.-
Some of my plants are very' old and
do not make much fruit, not more
than $200 to $250 per acre. So with
me they net from $200 .to $700 per
acre. So you can see at a glance that
if I should write over my name I
would be flooded with letters, and I
have no time nor disposition to corre-
spond; but if -answered through the
be better all round

Iron for Ft uit Tree.,.
Suitor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
A clipping in the "Garden and
Lawn" department- of your valuable
paper of the I5th, on the above ques
ti6n,' brings to mind items of
former observations in other sections
that may Ie of interest. Nowhere
have I e'er traveled that thil question
of marn urinig land for all we iow., be
that hat it itlnaV, h-as ta.kein so inmpl'rt
.int a part as hele- 11i Florid.i. A.
Eli M iniel:, in arsAr% i tI.: the M ,ci_.ari
nl'in_ that w'ishedi I. kli.,, wl: t vwa-
lacking in lis 'sail s;,il for hi, [pc. l'ci
,or,:iard, said "it i .,is quartz siand it
needed all "
I ha.e proba.bll searc-hed as dili
aend l as any one ii i'il- ,.uir I,.iw
and what u) do in h. ..uliit Ie i..l our
Iruits. I ha'. e reaJi Lii s lg''ssa i gs,
John_-_n arid other-, but I cannot re-
menmber anitrliing tlhat has cone to me
of the use ..,I iron for irutls. I have
known nian people to hang horse
shoes on the li-ib, and place old bits
of iron in the lurks of the trees (and
it really caused then, to ituii ,and the
planter belh'.ed it was the effect the
iron had orf the tree.. Thi, was very
true; but not in the channel i iron rust
in the sap'i that it 'as thought to be.
Its action was that of retarding the
flow of sap. by the tle horse
shoe on the limb, arid as Downing re-
marks, "where the lile o a. fruit tree
or vine is threatened an instinct of
nature that the tree sets itself to work
to bear fruit to leave seed behind." So
in that case.
Nothing of the iuse of iton on trees
has come to me from the writings of
others, bit I must believe that any.soil

that is so far lacking as ours is (we-
may as well say in everything), there is
more or less need of iron as well as of
the other substances. We know there
is iron in the blood of the animal, and
we also know that of all substances to
make a healthy, rapid growth of a
plant, nothing compares ili bloud'.
The scientist will tell us that bone,
blood and potash contain all. the. ele-
ments that plants take up from the soil.
If this be true (and it is), and there is
iron in the blood (and there is), why
is it not necessary that our orange trees
should be supplied with iron in some
Some of the best fruit growing sec-
tions in our country are near the iron
The most healthy peach trees I ever
saw in Tennessee were in that part of
it where there was more or lebs iron in
all the soil.
So in Arkansas and ,Missouri, in
those sections containing iron in the
soil, it has been from time immemo-
rial thought that it was the cause of -
more healthy and long-lived peach,
pear and apple trees, than in portions
containing no iron.
I have seen fields of soil and fine
fruit trees growing in lands a I:eregreat
bowlders of iorn were lA'.-e on the top,
and the land so lull of oxide of iron :
that it was red enough for paint. -As
my mind runs on those points I be-
lieve, could I m6ve some of that s'.il
and place it about my trees, for \ears
there would -be little else -needed.
Some .f our growers here tIe past sea
son have been Irying that same e...peri-
ment. Dr. Peak. ,:,f Oi land, has somire
lands -.oe where in Alab.ima :'lf hitc
the whole soil, in places, is laige v ,.\x
ide of iron:.- He is the first to initri
duce it and apply) it to his trees. A
part of the grove has been treated with
it and the other left without, and, the
Doctor thinks, with remarkable effect
in the wood growth.'dark I'liape and
bright oranges. J.Ar.tE M NIOTT.
j.irlandio. Fi.
(D 4
Winter Pineapples.
Three or four weeks ago we pub-
lished a briel account of the very large -
profits reaped from small areas of pine-
apples by two growers in Orange coun
ty, Mr. Kedney, at Winter Park, arind
Mr. Russell, at Oilando. The account
was received .with some incredulity,
and it gives us pleasure to lind in our
contem porary, the .4gPi,.'.'rnst, a more
derailed account of Mr. Kedney's
plantation, which corroborates cur
statements. He has only an acre and
a hall', and on this he has twenty-seven
varieties, but the Smooth Cayenne is -
his preference for a winter market va-
riety, and this furnished nine tenths of
his shipments. The entire plantation
is covered with a slat-shed, the slats
three or four inches wide, with spaces
of an inch and a half between; and
there is a high tight board-fence all'
around it. The article continues:
"These, pineapples are set out two
feet apart in the rotws, while the rows
are three feet.apart, which is at the.
rate -f.about 3,000 to the acre: There
hive been shipped from October to'.
December last, inclusive, 600 apples. .
'TIs, trie writer understands to be. th'te'
first .all or winter crop yet produced-
-how this has been. accomplished, it;


[FEBRUARY 5,1891



is not our province to tell. The con- ing serves two purposes-to guard fruit. Then there are the boys, to SOUTHERN SEED
tract is with a fancy retail fruit dealer against extremes of heat and cold. whom "stolen fruit is the sweetest,
of Broadway, New York, who has "Again, in referring to the profit to etc. But there is still another class, GROWN ON SOUTHERN SOIL
agreed to take all that can be furnisned be realized, Mr. Kedney thinks that which is perhaps most difficult of all GROWN ON SOUTER SOIL
between October and May, paying $i while it now reaches or rather exceeds to deal with; it is the good-natured
apiece for every apple weighing three $1,500, with proper attention it might friend, who simply stops to nip an or- BY A SOUTHERN GROWER.
pounds or over, and they are scarcely easily be made to cover $2,500 per ange as he passes by. Altogether, _
ever underthat weight-some of them year. the grower who'has an orchard near a
are nearer five pounds than three. The "Many consignments of 'pineapple town or through which there is an Come, brother farmers, have ou thought
600 already shipped do not cover one plants have already been made to Cal- open road, suffers considerable loss in seed direct from the grower? especially when
half of the number yet to be sent, or, ifornia, from this place, and Mr. Ked- the course of a season; in fact, some yeed grown by a man of over 15 years' practi-
in other words, not one-half of the ney had recently an order for 3,000 communities seem to consider an or calexperience? Below you willfind prices of
available crop has been gathered and which he was unable to fill, from the ange orchard as a philanthropic insti- many other varieties. Write for price list. of
forwarded. same State, because the plants could tuition, and seem even offended if at- Thebestand
"In one year the product of this in- not bespared. tention is called to the rights of the Little Red Cob-All aorn. urert Corn
closure of one and a hal acres maybe owner of the property. This move f for the South; has been grown and sold by us
sure of one and a halt acres may be "CASH AND SKILL REQUIRED owner e propy. s a specialty for m-ny years, and has given
roughly estimated at $1,0oo, and this t s the Pomona growers is in the right di- universal satisfaction. Only see my certifi-
rougily estimated at $,500, an this e 'If the business is so profitable and we hope to see similar or cates from some of the best planters and be
Siso estimate, considering the re- i on and we hope to see similar e
turns for plants sod, suchs e i wy aont everybody plunge rig i ganizations formed in other districts. Price, 5ets. per quart, by mail, r.o',t-'-lid;
ttwenty-tvecentsseacheyouit takes capital and Cal.r5 c5t. per peck; $2.00 per bus. ;-5 bus. and up-,
crowns, etc., at twenty-five cents each, labor-a great deal of both-to raise Cal, Fruit Grower. wards, $1.50 per bus.
and probably to the value of $500 per those .choice varieties. But more Pearl 00r, beryprolite alMkethoemnst
annum. than all, it takes brains, reinforced and unsurpassed for roasting ears.
"WHAT GOOD CULrUtE WILL DO, by close attention; otherwise the ex- ONE MOMENT PLEASE. re, same as Little Re Cob.
"In illustration of the rapidity with periment may prove a failure. Then rly Field Corn. r, r.-,i o 10, lni a
which a pineapple matures, it may be a great freeze, like that of a few years Grain is very hieru. iruul' P,,|-,i,. Cbham- .
said that Mr. Kedney has set out a might occur at an time wen pion White heari tni Beau,.v ,roe
t ago, might occur at any e' i pion White ar. Tan e-d 1-i Nora tuinern grn,
plant and had an apple from it in eight the resistance offered by such covering and matures vely eerly N months; nine out of ten will bear ina as that above described would be of .2 par bs ; 7 a. rer peck; 40 cts. per
year or eighteen months, and the re no avail. That of March Iyth last b : :
Smainder surely within two years. No did no injury to the plants in the in. Jon' Improved, Extra t hardy, ,
plant makes an utter failure. But still closure of Mr. Kedney.. It did some E, .rly, Prolific ae protab '
i. is very extraordinary to set out a fine harm, however, in other cases where n 00t0n -" varenes Tba S v
plant, for instance July, and have Herlong Cotton ee. S6 d t ia -:n -
plant, for instance in July, and have the top slats were two inches or more wondern lresults,ascane .-iowr, by .s ,?ro- .
from it ripe fruit the following May- apart' r cares, can especially recommea in.
such are, however, usually about & Price, $1,25 per bushel.
-twelve inches'high when transplanted. Stealing Oranges The rush for our New Improved Peterkin. froSthe damet
S Some of the apples weigh between Pomona orange growers have be alo for (quarto inglebushel,$1.00.
eight and nine pounds. One box, come so incensed at the continued Catalogue fr (quarto, ver very prolific, -and a
lately sent to rr.ark.t, c-,amined twelve ,Jepred.atio; f orangrc tilevs t..t 56 pages, 60 illustrations) is p .arir Oly a li
r a i.I L '' j te i ~ .i a, or.a o e u c'jppiv at" 5ecd. Per i r.'.J 3-",.0. ,loa k reed
apples ve.g:inrg eighty -even pounds, they he formnid a :onnaion i:or unprecedented. We want to noi :sern, e.t,
w lne the bo-.:.' it ell tipped the .cal-s at the procse:utiun of ...endJers, ,nrd han'.:
three--that a.ii s se'.ei and orne-liurtih -ibs:ribed t.:. tIhe lli say right here:- HEADOUARTERS
p,.-uadi. Ior each apple. *\'c, the uad,-r:ri.rd._ uowrers ,:r -FsyR-:
'T! he shipments are all nimade by e\ o:r.inge tree- in Lbearing, thin arid
press, at the special vcgetble rat. near pro,:,ximity to lini: of the cy ,:,f Ever' o sal he r GEORGIA WATERMELON SEED
The Lb,,x Ior the purpose--eachl one *:, Pcam,-.ra. under the ': reg,,inr2 deia opy. n e impii. GEORGIA W SEED.
S.. r 1t hi. ue ne adr re, -C There ar, tbhusandjs aaiting, Nowniereao ri mInos grow io greater perfec-
Sh ivl.-h i:', s hllt' I I :etns-- i l.,pe:u',ar ton. ha'. e Froni'4e. and ac"lreed, ore but we are Dow -:,:, re.enl'or .. .n t in ,our ImmeilaLe riin y.
Co:n-tru tin:r- an e.:planrati:on t which with theori h r,-th.lit eac-h re, l'tr t llpji in -.ur mailing department that se,.l saved fromw'large, well-aliaped melonc.
would be of nri. service ai it wilauld discoveriii n i. erion. f a lth..iaut regai d e can sendout,,o each .ay. No ulls.
r,ost likely, not be unJder:tod. -i ,e to staLion rr c,.,od iion ,,f life, stealing An edition of S5,coo is nowv in pure Kolb Gt h.* a a es in Can'uopl -
dLaern ornl:, are packed irn each bx, orange Irontm his or her premises or press. i I good v iantit"h S per .. in.,
S-0ct., pn rt-lald; .5 ab. moa upwards, 61', et.
every pine pple et upriglht and thau- p:i isi' ir. i-r IrnI the preiriies ol a peri.) l.-ib ,Gem, .cie. per b., 11 b. mall
carried to it de.;tinitia..r, ging I:y .: :.nemter, the ilit -.all not under Remember, this is the best aPur. Mitt eS se. ealy Bark,ugar Loaf,
stearner t[.- New Vork in l:our ,J-y. .any c'rcumti;:n.:e-s ci ,ndc ,ried. Libut Jjne' Florlia Favorate. -Smianoie, i fiL per
Like the (:,ranges. ever pineapple as the imemn-be ,:,r rcinbmer-, if i,, than Catalogue of V'"getable Seeds .d n a .i a l ,: i. potage; o l,., t'..
wrapped separately in fine manriiia or one, r itih ulch kinoledge, shall im in this country, and one of luskm N Orlrans Market and
tissue paper, nmediatel file a in "riling 'Msin. Nixoa. Bes adapL.d to our
iuIn the line of ierrilizers, cotton with a lautia:e of'the peace having the best for F/ower Seeds. Suernta,,
seed meal anid salt are n:..A in use; cal jurisdiL:,ra, eml-:.d, ing the facts cl One copy is sent to any ad- Forage Crop. ar Mllrt i Anjm-rrline,
the latter one tablespoonful to each the theft, of the thief I F orag ., cs peirb..or.3 t cs.
plant, but of the former two tons per known, oiherw-ie such descrpii:.,'.-.i dress, free of cost. In order- by al, rot-paI. per ptck; .i
aLre, 'in two applications during the person as to readily identify him, with ing from it, you are sure of Spanish Pea Nuts. perbusbti. pc; .
rainy season, but otherwise at no prayer that he be apprehended arnd hufas Perlb., by mall, post-pid,i30ets.;
particular time. A more recent ex- punished as provided by law, olffering Ch f. pk.; fl.ia per bambel.
perinent cornsits :,f the use of niirate it. give evidence under ailh verilying All the late-t novelrics. S0ja Be Sd. 4, cts.; 'u 'pe p pec pst'paid,
of soda -tihe plant needs ammonia- the facts in conamplint at any day' aid An variety. C 4 e Ii, drd
cotton seed meal has oni) about eight hour appointed by said justice to that Seeds direct from te grower. Asparagus Roots. Varle ls.s i' perdr buu-
pounds of it to the ton, while nitrate end," etc. dread; 5,o0 per thousand.
o- soarene ste Must even and regular in -
0l soda reaches tully ninety pounds of The orange grower has to suer hen ou buy seeds be New Palmetto. gro and rl arety
pure nitre, but at $45 per ton, its cost from the thc.ughtle;sness and cupidity you known. $1 10 per hundred.
prohibits its general use. Pure nitre of several classes, and there seems to careful of whom you pur- Don't fail to write for price-Utst.
is that lorm of amrnania alInch the be an inherent desire on the part oofyou thirty, MdI ma' ney order, takeorder on
plant takes up and use---for amnmonia. men, who are too lazy or too,, mean to
is only a. means by which other lertal- raise their own Iruit, to appropriate years in the seed business is PHILLIP S. J,10ES, Seed Grower, .
.izing material may be utilized. Ni. that of heir neighboTs. There is aa guarantee of our reliability. Herndon, Ga.
S trate of soda hold' by lar the most class' of terndet!ect, who, when they a H d G
ammonia of any known fertilizer bulk have bought five o-,r ten acres of land, -
for bulk. think that the whole country belong JAMES J. H. GREGORY & SON, The New tomato! ...
"Ti. e best and largest pineapples to them and help theruselves to any- Marblehead, Mass. ,'m Canada or to i,e extra early,and. -
-.J are in the shade."Inthiihey .-Ma'bleead, Mass. ag such Is sent out. Tne reports of the- ex- -"--.--.
are grown in the shade. In this they ting that comes in.he ay. These perimental stations speak highly of it. and .
namberitestifY to its earliness. productive- --
-retain, by habit, theirloriginal preler- same parties would not dare to do a nss large sze roundness, 'rich color aod-- .
:-ence, for they were 'r*und growing similar act i'lthey were at home. IIiT EVA PO RAT R fomrot Per packa, ea fve--'
i -wr- .ldi.r i t a FR for iTho rqt. Von will o b I oly.On In mys,1 e :t s "ed t:-_
; ld .'' w in the deune shade of the great Fhere is another class who are legiti- i| THE ZIMMERMAN cdtalogue,'wlitich wLl be sent FRIEEtoany- .
'a .--tropical lorests ol Ceiaral America and mate rogues and steal aroni the profit. ndard Mhine. d .REGORY a SON :
j ..-sia;. Hence; the'proteci6on cover- 'which accrues from the sale.,o the. r^,fl W ,- ...Marblehead,_ ks.--,-..
,i ;heJprot 6.r ,...

ad-: -! ': :: <:s' : :-". : *_ ... .- -- -_ .-' "=-.- :. -'-- -." -7 -;-. : 7 -. : 7 .. :: ., : -
'~ ;'"- -' F: -. -.',. .. -. - --- :- '- .' ,:.' "4 a ;a-- ; 'L .T--t.'-.- : '
"*, .'*:;..:,-.. ".-"- ;.,';,.: .." ..7".;,-':.,.% -'. .- _.......:-" ,., .- %: - ." .-----'-; =: -r- .:'".- - 4..'-7-.-'"-'--- -.- -'-.-- -.-,----.- -.-- ---- -.--.-- ---- - ---- -,-,-.-- -'---.- -


some. oult tr.s is tie "'old reliabti'
On light uplands plantir, i is usually
begun-about the first ol .May, and on
the lowlands somewhat later, on cic
count ol darin er from frost. It is well
to plant as early as pos.slble o- that,
where replanting is needed, it mIy be
done in tinie to have the replants ma
ture. The n writer has made good nuts
from replanting as late as June i.'.
''hen planrting is begun before IM:i
i the nuts are usually put in the
ground unshelled to protect them bet
ter against any sudden chill in the
weather; but when planted later the
shelled nuts are used The peanut is
very sensitive to cold and wet, and
will soon rot in the ground if exposed
to these influences.
After the plant gets up it requires a
great deal of moisture, and it is well
to sprinkle land plaster along the row
to assist it in collecting the needed
element. Replanting -should be at-
tended to at' once, and. at the same
time trim-and scrape the row with a
hoe and cut out the grass, il any. .
The after- cultivation consists in an
alternate plowing toward "and from
.-the plants, with hoewoik accompany-
ing this each time. The ends of the

Su &f- X 11 Ii V a

Hints on Mecon-Growing.
F.lror ra mi' an-J aruic-rower.
From the best information I can ob-
tainr, there will be about 200 acres of
watermelons grown here this year,
against iso or thereabout last year-a
gratif\ mg increase.
It is of the greatest importance that
the ground should be thoroughly
plowed for melons. The melon does
not seek depth for its roors but exten.
sion-it must have room to run. Ex-
perienced growers say that the melon's
roots are as long as its vines. Be this
as it may. it i: certain that the roots
need plenty of room. It is a great
mistake to coop all the fertilizer up
in the space of a hatful right around
the hill. It ought, at least, to be
scattered all alpng the drill, the entire
distance from one hill to the next; then
the ad ancing roots can feed on it as
they grow and the plant will be sus-
tained in the various stages of its
growth, and it will continue to bear
Iruit the whole season.
SEut if all the fertilizer is confined in
the hill it is soon cofisumed-"a short
horse is soon curried"-the plant is
-left without support, and the melons

flrIEv ,l/T)r 'I'fDtr(,ET vines should be broken up at each
cultivation to prevent the limbs from
throwing out needles and thus wasting
Peanut Culture in Virginia. the vitality of the vines in attempts to
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: form nuts at the ends of these ten-
The Virginia peanut is more highly tackles. The vigor of the plant should
valued than those from North Carolina be expended in making and develop-
or Tennessee, because of its size and ing well-grown nuts around the stem.
weight, and its bright, clear color. A About August ist to roth the plants
very important element for the pro- are "laid by."
duction of this superior article is an Plants from which seed is to be
abundance of shell lime, and this, for- saved ought to be dug before the
tunately, is easily obtained from the frost withers them much; then let
seacoast. Many villages in the South them be thoroughly dried before they
side Tidewater counties have their are shocked to prevent the nuts from
kilns for supplying this necessary ar- being damaged by heating or molding.
ticle, and the price has been greatly The main crop is dug about October
reduced. ist to ioth. The plants are rooted
An average application of shell lime out with a plow, and then turned
is about 1,ooo pounds per acre, vary over so as to be bottom side up, in
ing, of course, in quantity as the crops order that the sun may dry them out
have been rotated. It is usually ap- thoroughly. They ought to be dried
plied in connection with seasoned at least one day.
muck in the row, and well workedwell worked in, The shock is made around a stick
but if there has been delay in securing set in the ground. Care should be
the lime it is applied as a top dressing taken to lock each vine around the
-along the row. It does almost equally stick. making the shock a little higher
well this way if there are rains to wash than a man and about the size of a
it in, assisted by frequent stirring of barrel. They should remain in shock
the soil. The various brands of corn about two weeks, and when taken
mercial fertilizers are also employed down the nuts should be immediately
with more or less success, generally picked off.
at the rate of about 200 pounds to the The peanut after 'it comes up, is
acre. dependent upon fewer contingencies
The rows are laid off from 3 feet to of weather than cotton, and is a more
3 feet 9 inches apart, according to the profitable crop; but it is a subject
strength of the land; the guano or of more frequent depredation than
fertilizer is then deposited in. the drill, its rival. Everything in the world,
and the lists are then thrown up to from an ant to an elephant, from
complete the row. Of course, the the negro who plants and picks it
land is supposed to be well and deeply off to the commission merchant who
pulverized. -ells for \ou, considers it a legitimate
Some planr-ers- ,ake h.:.le- f,:, thie ,re and earts it without a scruple.
seed-nuts with a '*,dotter," w.hih -' The hands charge 12., some ne
simply a wheelbarr,,w ranie and a times i, cents a bushel for picking,
wheel, with spokes punching holes ostesiblv boarding themselves, but
about eighteen inches apart. T here really boarding ron the nuts, while in
is a 'shoe" or -cra:per runnii.rg ahe.d l g the seed has to be covered
of the %lheel to leIel the ;.jl ace. with tar to protect it from the
Men follow with nut., dropiling _,ne f,:,x, the inole, the dog and the chap
or two in each hole and piresing the why.: drops it. Vet it is a pawing crop
earth over them with the foot. \VA- ti an energetic, industrious farmer.
rious iiiiprved mahrhine- are uced by J. B. W.

will be few and small, mostly not
larger than a man's head, and it will
soon quit bearing. GROWER.
Wildwood, Fla.

Okra for Shipping.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
Will you kindly inform me what is
the best variety of okra for shipping,
to be raised in Florida? What amount
of seeds to an acre, and when should
it be planted in this part of Florida
for early shipping? Should the pods
be full grown when shipped? I see
the New Improved Dwarf recom-
mended for a great yield of pods, but
they are small and the question is if
they would be marketable, or as much
so as the large variety? If you will
be so good as to give me the desired
information, I will be very thankful
North Gainesville.
The New White Velvet is- the best
okra for shipment. Its pods, when
ripe, are white, but should be picked
as soon as well formed and before they
turn white. If left until they turn
they become stringy. The pods
should be full grown, however. The
points in' favor of the White Velvet
are its round form, good appearance
and size, and that the pods are not
Plantt ten pounds of .eed per acre
of Southern grown sced. Plant mid-
die of February to middle of March.
To make success of growing okra the
Southern veed must be used. It is
much more satisfactory than the
Northern grmwn.

Tobacco in St Jobns County.
The following lerrer "as sent to t[lheie
Farmers Alliance Expositionr at Ocala,
accompanying rg a -picrien :oi tobacco..:
"Acco ,r'ip.i ino .;pecimens of Fl..r-
ida grown Cuban Tobacco--seed one
year from the 'i iginal
"Lost the first seed bed by a high
salt water tide, making a replant nec-
essary about April itt. Crop very late
--et out in June and July, even to
the 15th of July.
-"Could manure er\' little in sonse-
quence of heat and drouth, hating
onl) heating, manur rs at command.
\With an early start I see that planlis of
the largest size are easily attainahle,
and that here in St i'l'ri. i..ury there
is not the slightest rea-un 101 lollouwing
the custom at the Quincy tobacco
farm, of using seed of the third year
for the sake of acclimation, thus los-
ing in quality.
"Enclosed is one hand of fillers of
first primings, being my oldest cured,
and one bunch wrappers more recently
cured. :: 4- The curing will not
compete for a prize; but shows that a
perfect greenhorn can succeed by
perseverance and reading. The FARM-
ER ANE FRUIT GROWER was the only
instructor I had.
.'Our people here are anxious to
know what price this tobacco will
bring before going into it. My crop
is not all cured-enough to test the
market. Would be glad and thankful
could we get an expression from you
as to its merits. E. T. R. F.,
for the Farmers' Alliance of Moultrie,

Preparing the Land for Cotton.
Land intended to be planted in cot-
ton should be broken as soon as con-
venient, as this tends to the produc-
tion of a deep and fine seed-bed. If
the land is wet or at all liable to flood-:
ing it should be. thrown up into high
beds, so that it may dry out and throw
off the water during the early spring.
This will enable the planter to get into
the land much earlier with the harrow
and cultivator, and insure much bet-
ter preparation. Turn under all the
vegetable matter you can, and if the-,
land be not rich a good dressing of
farmyard manure will .be.very benefi-
cial to be also plowed down. This
will keep the ground upen and pe, mit
it to dry out, and thus ensure a deep
seed-bed, and the manure will feed the
cotton during the latter periods of its
growth after the roots have passed be-
yqnd the reach of the fertilizer applied
at planting time. Cotton seed may-
also now be plowed down to rot arid
become available, though itis prefer-
able to sell the seed if near enough to
ship cheaply, and to buy cotton seed
meal with the money, to be applied
just previous to planting.--Southern
Planter. "

Preserving Fence Posts.
Is there any practical way of. pre-
serving fence posts? .We are going
to do a.great deal o:f lencing this
winter and. would like your sugges-
tions.-J. H. J., Sigauche, Colo.
-We can only give you the ex-
perience of a friend of curs near
Colorado Springs, who had occasion
to remot e his ,-nce last winter, and
he made some observations whi:h
may be uselul to the enquirer. Those
set with no preparation were de
catved an inch or more in thickness;
those coated wiith a thick wash o01
lime were better preserved, but were
quite seriously attacked by worms;
those posts coated with hot tar were
as perfectly sound as when put in the
ground; those painted with petro
leum and kerosene were equally as
sound and as good for resetting.
Let tl.e posts get thorough y dry,
and then with a can of cheap kero-
sene and a whitewash brush, give
the lower third of the post, the part
to go into the ground, two or three
applications of the oil, letting it soak
iii each time. Posts so treated will-
not be troubled by worms or insects
of any kind, but will resist decay to
a remarkable degree. This is prob.
ably the simplest. easiest, cheapest
and best method of preservation in
all cases.-Ex.

Sisal Hemp' (Agava Sisalana). --'
My first experience was with Sisal
hemp which .1 found growing luxuri- .
antly upon my place (old Fort Dallas) A
upon Biscayne Bay, at the mouth of
the Miami river. This plant, at ma-
turity, I would estimate to have be- -
tween forty and fifty leave, from .
three to six feet long and from two to -
four inches broad, terminating in a
sharp, stout brown thorn or prickle.
As soon asgthe plant reaches rratu-
ity it puts out from its center, a ste n..
about four inches in diameter, which
grows to the height of from fifteen to
twenty feet. The plant dqes not blo-


- r-Z~i-
~ -2 -. -. -


[FEBRUARY 5,1891




som, as is commonly stated, but this
,stem is covered for about six feet from
its top with numerous panicles of min-
ature plants, which, when they get to
be from two to three inches long, drop
from the stem and take root in the
ground. This is the way the plant is
propagated; it sometimes throws off
suckers or shoots from the roots, the
main plant dying out completely.
I set out a row of these plants,about
six or eight inches apart, for the dis-
tance of one mile, for the purpose of
making a hedge; I did not cultivate,.
as I had been told "that they would
grow anywhere, upon the poorest land,
and would take care of themselves."
The consequence was that I got a very
small portion--less than half-of my
plants to live; at the end of four years
only a portion of these had reached
I discovered afterward that many
plants of the Sisal hemp take five and
even six years to get their full growth.
-It is certainly safe to say that along
the coast in South Florida no crop of
-the Sisal hemp will reach maturity in
less than four years.
When the plant reaches its full stage
of development, if not cut and used, it
will die and another -four years must
be spent in waiting for a crop.
It is repeatedly stated that. Sisal
hemp will grow upon the very poorest
lands and requires no cultivation, but
will take care Qf itself and kill out all
other vegetation. I do riotknow how
it will grow on poor lands, as all that
I have ever seen in Florida was at.
Miami and Indian Key, Knight's Key
and -other, islands along the coast,
which are all extremely fertile.
As to cultivation -not being needed,
this is only true: where the land -is so
very rocky that it is impossible for
enough vegetarion to grow to interfere.
with the plants. Ordinarily it is safe
to calculate that it will take ju.t as
much cuinvation as any other plant,
and that four years will have to be
spent in every instance before each
crop can be harvested. A great deal
of interest has been recently excited in
the Bahama Islands, and se. eral con'.
panics formed for the cultivatorn of the
Sisal herup, stimulated, I believe, by
premiums given by the colonial gov-
ernment. Many small schooners have
landed at the keys near Key West
with plants for which i 0 cents a dozen
is paid, but in view of my recent ex-
periment in cultivating and obser ing
the Sisal hemp, the experiment will
end in general financial disaster to
those who engage in it.- DR. J. V.
H ARr is. ,n Go'er.:'i:..:t B ,','.,'..

"The American .Girl's- restorati' e
(says the L. arnd C. Express) is quL-
nine. She carries it in .the form of
pills-in an ornamental cutglass bottle
with a gold stopper. It. has quite
-. superseded morphia and strychnine
lozenges.--. -II-she is tired she :akes two
pills; if in-a draught, one; if hungry,
four or five; and if her feet get- wet,
- ten are the correct number. Each
pill-contaius two grains. Six are a cure
Sfor indigestion. -The quinine battle
is produced on 'all-occasi.ns and in
-all sorts ofplaces." 'There is great ex-
--ageration here 20 grains of quinine
c -onstitute.a truly heroic-dose. -

S-) --'--.:= .- >:= : ..

Live $toc1. -

Short, pointed articles on domestic subjects
are soiclted. Please write on one side of the
paper only, and address the editor at Lawtey.

Oxen vs. Mules for Freedmen.
In 1888 the writer had a small tract
of fifteen acres of land rented to a
negro for $45. A mule was pur
chased and supplies furnished. The
negro made no corn, and only $20
worth of cotton. In '89 I sold the
mule and substituted a cheap yoke
of oxen; restilt, five bales of cotton
and a crib of corn. The mule requir-
ed corn; the oxen lived on hay, cot-
ton seed and grass. The renter lived
six miles from town, and with no
mule to ride, lived at home. When
he needed supplies, he would send
his 10 year old boy on an ox for
them. In summer you woald often
see the little fellow aboard, with
bridle on the head and bits in the
mouth of the ox, with a spur on each
naked foot, a basket of eggs on one
arm, holding with the other an um-
brella to protect himself from the
sun, jogging on his way to town for
'his week's supply of meat and meal.
The present.year is considered a most
disastrous one for negro -renters, and
almost the only exceptions within the"
limit of our observation are the ne-
groes ;who work oxen. Negro fdrm-
ing is in a state of evolution. The
first slate was a mule, the second an
ox, and for the third we must wait for
developments.-Southein Live Stock-

Ensilage in South Carolina.
Let me ill usi rate by a simple calcu-
laui..i: ten acres of good land, well.
prepared, tilled and enriched, will in
a good yealr ._i'.e twenty tons -per acre
or 2-.-D tuns ol gr.ern corn in all. From
this the farmer can expect 160 tons ol
-ilale, which %till carry fifty head of
caule from Noveriber i to April i,
allowing each a dilly maintenance
ration ol forty pounds; ten tons of
cito:rie,d rcal added r) this will
Ifaten li liii A pit, loirty let long,
twenty feet \ide and ten feet deep,
will accommodate the crop. But,
perhaps. \ou mniy say. --Your advice
is based uponl,-I experience gained else
where ('an this be done here ?" To
show that it can, 1 need onl\. to point
you to lie neighboring county, of
Aiken, where Mr. Henry NI. Dibble
has been practicing the system record
mended above since tr.S5. Last year
he wrote: -"Twenty-five steers were led
up,,onr this ernil:e, and it was the
only rough food given them. Over
this was sprinkled cottonseed meal-
five pounds to a large steer, less to a
smaller one. O'in the first day of
.anuarv, all thle itcers iere taken from
their st.inchions and weighed. During
the m.-nth of Janu.iry, the entire lot,
and there were some ery poor ones
among 'hemn. made an average gain of
tilty seven I"uijds. sLIme gaining as
much. :s ninety pounds. By April
they were in prime "condition for
butchering, and wvier, sold, two weeks
later, brought- the. highest- market
price." He adds: .I -am now feed-
ing ensilage to forty-five head ofcattle
and 16o sheep, and am so. well. satis-


fled with the results obtained, that I of all raised ought to be disqualified.
have begun the excavation of a new A good Silver Wyandotte ought to
silo, which is to be eighty feet long, bring more money than most any other
fifteen feet wide and fifteen feet deep. breed, considering the few really good
This will give me a total silo capacity specimens in a flock. There are two
of about 500 tons and enable me to types of Golden Wyandottes. We no-
largely extend my stock-feeding opera- ticed this feature at Charleston. There
tions. The forty-five head of cattle was one breeder who exhibited birds
now in my barn, make me each month several shades lighter than aiiother;
ioo cart loads of rich manure, fra- the males would have light penciling
grant with ammonia and the promise of with a reddish bay on the breast, while Y
bountiful harvests, while the sheep another was black breasted and little,
fully half as much more 'of a still if any, pe"rili,. 'Wing coverts and
richer article. By putting this broad- boas nearly black or mahogany;.
cast on the land, I hope in a few years while the lighter bird would be a bright
to make it yield forty tons of drill reddish bay. An amateur would r-ot .
corn to the acre, or enough to keep take the birds as one.and the same va-
three large cows in a thriving condition riety. In this case all depends on
the year round." whether the judges conclude the light
- This example of energy, thrift and or dark birds nearest to the standard.
progress, is worthy of the highest My competition, at Charleston was
commendation. State Agricultural against dark birds. I breed the light;
Bulletin. they are certainly handsome, but suffer
in competition. While our bird. was
awarded second prize with strong' om-
.' OUlu7Y, petition arid of a different type, it was
more than we expected under the cir- .
Tne International Show. cumstances. All agreed he was the,
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: handsomest, and not a few were dis--
We had the pleasure of visiting appointed at his not getting first prize. '
Charleston and the great International Were I to exhibit again I t .iould select
Show of Poultry and Pet Stock, the two, one of each type as nearly alike
latter consisting of pigeons, rabbit;, in other make up as possible
guinea pigs and dogs. T-iis is the While Wyandottes recorded forty
first time since the organization of the entries, they were a handsome lot of
American Poultry .Association that birds. Those from the far North
they have come so far south for. their showed whiter plumage than Southern
annual meeting. birds; tli4. wai5 a n:ti;:-eable feature in
The exhibit was a credit to the As- all i hitr birds b.outii-rri raised. The
sociation, and no doubt was a success feathers on the back we-re all tinged-i_ -,
financially. The total number of en- with 3 ell:w, caused by lonrig exposure
tries was i,800. Eleven hundred can ti: the sun. We have-e':cr aiming at
be credited to the poultry department; pure Iite plumage in Leghorns these
the other seven hundred was divided mrriny ears, but by fall the yellow will
among 'pet stock and dogs. The crop cut, howe-er white they -are in .-
Langshans led in number of entries, the sprinc. This refers 10 male birds
142 black. Kerby & Smith were there more particularly. One of the hand.
with their White Langsharns; they also ,sornest -ird; in the show. according to
exhibited a pair of Blue Lnrigshans, rnri fancy, was a Sil, cr Spangled Ham-
or Maltese. as they are called burg. We d.-, rnt know the exhibitor
We admired the White for their or we i would certainly give h-is name,
plumage, but there were man\ of tiem for we should like to do honor to such
deficient in comb, and until they have a bird The Hamburgs of all varieties
been bred a little longer, we advise nunibered eighteen entries The Hou
amateurs to buy the standard black. dans, NMinorc.,s and LaFleches were
IThe Buff Cochn was next, with 5 represented. The I ndiani Game breeds
entries, and there were some fine spec were not utit in lorce-only twenty
imens to look at. If you were buying entries, aiid somrne very poor specimens.
fowls for their looks only, and nor ex- I presume they are -aving their stock
pecting eggs, you might invest. One for the great New York show in Feb.
specimen weighed is pounds-as large ruary next. E. \V. AJMDEN.
as a good sized turkey., These and Ornimo>,i. Fia ..Jn *. \'l\
the Brahmas were too lazy'to stand up i0o BE CONTINUED )
much of the time. Our March sun in
Florida would have a bad effect on -The overshadowing curse of
this class, I fear. Barred Pl) mouth America to-day is monopoly. He
Rock, entries 6S. E. B. Thompson, puts his hands on every bushel of
the winner of the Vanderbilt prize in wheat, every sack of salt, every sack
the New York show last February, of flour, and every ton of coal, And
was there, and won first prize n cock, not a man, woman or child in Amer-
% ith a score ol c5,2',, I believe. A ica but feels the touch of this mon-
Mr. A. E. Shaw, a Southern breeder, eyed despotism. His sceptre is made
came out ahead on pullets over all out of the iron track of railroading
Northern competitors. and the wire oftelegraphy. He pro-
All four varieties of Wyandottes poses to have everything his_ wn
were there in f.-rce, and some very w'ay, for his own advantage and the ,
creditable birds arid some awfully poor people's robbery. He stands in the
ones, especially in the Silver Laced railr,'-ad depot and puts into his p-cket. -
variety. Some were fine in plumagee each year $2,oo000,000 be)yond.the .ri::.
and deficient in shape; oihers grand sonable charge ior his-sei vices.. He-
and true Wyandotte shape, and mossy controls -nomiinations and election, .
white -and black all run. -together. city elections, State elections. He
There are -ery few-breeders who make has the- Democratic party in one- -
a-success of Silver Wyandottes. I be- pocket and. the Republican in t.lhe-
lieve I am safe in-saying 90. per cent., other.- Rev.- T De Witt Taimnage. ;


FEBRUARY 5, 18911


z -/ : ::i:.: -: -:!3!












We hope none of our readers will ing seven companies operating within and the edification of the human race.
ItLORjDADOISPATCHlROWb follow the advice of that eminent au- the county borders. There is also an We should rejoice to see a fine temple
FGARMERSALIANCE thority (for the North) Joseph Harris, excellent collection of agricultural and to Terpsichore and the Muses, or
A e"' s.. horticultural products. even a good gymnasium, fashioned
E iCO..OU ARVTEJ.D^... and use nitrate of soda on their straw- V. 0. Spencer & Co., of Lake out of the Sub-Tropical, and we be-
E BRU RY 5. 1891. berries. If they do, they will be ex- Worth, have a single cluster of cocoa- speak for Secretary Adams a control-
tremely likely to hear from their comrn- nuts, on the branch just as they were ing place in the executive department
STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. mission merchants that unwelcome plucked from the tree, numbering of whatever may be organized of this
P. Address, Lawley, Fla. report, "received in bad order, soft, forty-one nuts and weighing at least character as a possible successor to
o "r en seventy-five pounds. the present institution. But the spec-
Advertising that Pays. mouldy, rotten." Nitrate of soda will Dr. F. W. Inman, of Winter Ha- tacle of a high class band discoursing
"I cheerfully endorse your paper, giving make an admirable growth of foliage ven, Polk county, displays a cotton rich and mellow music over some
as my reasons for doingso, the fact. that I ad- in the fall or early winter, but it is plant, presumably of more than one dozens of boxes of unclassified oranges
vertied in it for one year, and during that
time I received or rpone lyeaes from durigy ad- potash the plants need now, to develop year's growth, which is- twelve feet and a few wilted and drooping turnips
vertisementin the Disp K han fron the fruitfulness and render the fruit fir high and has a spread of eighteen feet. is a spectacle to make the judicious
advertisement in another publication. An W. S. Ryall, of Auburndale, same grieve.
accurate record of replies and sources, as well and of a good shipping quality. county, has a cluster of cassava roots F
as causes, was kept, and therefore this state- of huge proportions. T Work for February.
ment, voluntarily made, is aulhoriltativ so A number of the heaviest truck Dr. J Thomasson, of Gotha, ex- Throughout Florida and the South At-
far as l am concerned. Wishing you d(- 1 lantio and Gulf States February is a very
served success, I am, truly yours, farmers around Gainesville, including hibits fruits which are hybrids between important month for thetruckerand gar-
WMr. CANNON." J. S. Brown, 0. P. Cannon, D. S. lemons and oranges, showing the dener, also for the tobacco planter. All:
Agent for all the Diston Companies and Wroten, C. W McDonald, D. W. L. danger in permitting these two related vegetables intended for shipment to the
South Fla. i R., Kissimmee, rla. Wrote, C. W. McDonald, D. W. L. trees to grow in close proximity. Some North and West should be planted as
Barton, J. Alsop, F. C. Crown and J- rs. soon as the season will safely admit.
Barica, ei A C. rn ad of the fruits are almost lemons, some Peas, snap beans, tomatoes, musk anid
Publications Received. H. Crown report their cabbage crop are almost oranges, others are shaded watermelons, cucumbers, etc., must be
Catalogue of American Grapevines; Geo. S damaged by the recent cold from the variously between, planted at the earliest possible day.
Josselyn, Fredonia, N. Y. The am s f kaoli m Riv IRISH POTATOES.-Plant, or replant if
Ssed catalogue (J. J. H Gregory, Mar le- half of one per cent. up to two per e samples of kaolin, from River- cessary. Cover the pieces deep, say
head, Mass ), together with a liberal pack ge cent. Mr. C. A Colclough reports side, Lake county, and the majolica two inches at first, then two more, and
of assorted seeds, which we will give as a ware manufactured from it at Peeks- two on top ofthat will be all the better;
premium for one new subscriber. five to ten per cent., owing to the fact kill, New York, are extremely inter adding each fresh covering as they begin
U. S. Department of agriculture ; Experi- that his cabbages are partly planted on testing. to come through. Everithen they should
meat Station Record for January. wo ase it is someth m an livd -i. F i not be hilled or ridged when the covering
"Tue Writer;" a monthly magazine for wood land," as it is sometimes called, The man who has lived i Florida is finally done. heland is so damp
iterary workers, Boston. Mass. that is, reclaimed or muck land com- all his life can learn something here; and cold that it needs ridging, it is not fit
N-wStrawbrries, suit be for West Flor- phow much more then the total for Irish potatoes, See that there is
da and Alabama; Jui be for nadelbachst r- posed almost entirely of vegetable and stranger We doubt if another such a plenty of potash in the manure given to
Grand Bay, Ala wood fiber. Frost does more injury comprehensive and prodigal outpour, them, and when you have given them"
to vegetation on stich land than on ing of the products of Florida is gotten eno ug it willprobably be best giv
Will 'Corporal. Murdock" kindly sandy soil. The Gainesville truckers together in the next decade. not to burn the plants. FAruair, is the
give us his real name, not for publica- are now planting beans and cucum- The management of the Exposition be.,t monrh for planting p..tat,,s uUile-.-
l- 3 been somewhat loose and unbusi- it avi .e in lower South Flri,. 'J, Bh '-
:ion, but as a guarantee of good faith, bers, the latter in relays every c ess-like up to the present time, being el, if r re
w em ss-li uenep. to Lht p time e beig turned
', i-i- days. From a source which we deem unequal to the heavy strain put upon ,:,er rte .innis Li;,:ki, covering tlieui .
Will any manufacturer of agcicul- trustworthy we learn that the damage it by the magnificent offering of the out ,t harm', way.
ural implements rise up and tell the to tomato and cucumber plants on the people. But a satisfactory readjust- GACDErN E-.11]rABLL-.-Trans 1.lrut
irritated farmer why he does not make eastside of Apopka Lake, on muck ment has been made, putting the es- -cabbageletue,re trubslilower i i n'l ,ti
olt heads square? land was from o to 60 er c tablishment on a sound.working basis, stift paer seugly around each plant
Srland, was from 50 to 6o per cent.; and this noble representative gather- two in.-bhes high and reaching a hall inch
about Minneola, 25 to 50 per cent.; on ing of the natural wealth of Florida is down into the ground. Or, use the pa-
Did you wrap your young range Grand Island, 6o to 75 per cent. to be kept together six weeks longer. der frames recommended by Mr. Al-
rees this winter, or did you have them Se I. drich a few issues back, ortheArcticveg .
trees this winter, or didyo havethemMost of the truckers, however, had a -See premium list in ,"Our Rural 'et*a.,l hills of Colonel McDonald, of
rozen down again? -Nature puts sufficient reserve of plants still in the Home" department. Eusti:. also mentionedin our paper abiou-t
room grass here for your express use ---- two months ago. The idea that cut-
S ere your express use. seed-beds to replant at once. The Sub-Tropical. worms c-,n be trapped in holes or'under

A Caforan South Floda, Te arme position We have watched and waited for leaesor boards to any paying extent is .
Cariting home o a friend in Riverside, Te Farm ition. some time" for the swelling of the These frames also protect tender plants
tnFew people who haven:i rts itne-sed Nile, but the fertilizing waters have 1rom col,.l. blightiut winds or frosts.
ays: "If Florida ever gets a fill croi. the dh:pla at (,cala have an just c-,.n. rot descended The O)caIa Expo,.i Or, cover libtl., with moss, removing
(of oranges) we may expect t,:, tk cepiti of its magnitude. Mr. C-:h ton h:,. been an tmrene L,,:,d a in pleasant weather. Throw up a bank
nuch lower prices than lie beer, Thomas, the Superinterdent. irntf.rmi',s out anv head to speak of, hl,ilc the usol lope tomato. melon or .i'nmber
realize'd for several years. us hat there were 'siteen :,o Sub Tropical his Lbeen all head but rno seeds, u that the youLng plant may have
exhibits Lbrought Initi the building tlh. body. ',.,-c'retar\ Adams has worked protection f'r,,m chilling winds Sow
W e would call attreniion to- the ad. r a d rday., aitdbetween thirt .iind ,riy Ilk.- a- r,j in, and has accomplil-sh.ed rani. and priu d a nd uhl ble top
'ertisement of Me-r. ,,,d carloads in all. Pasco c,.,unty wonders %i6h the limited means at his Sow, for sut:.'ess-ion, lettuce, cabbage
Trhomsement oinf mern-n N .,, -,d has sent se'.en ,arloads, and has re- comnitnd in the way of music and aird early cauliflower; if the season is
[Thompson. Biniarii,[,n, 'N. 'i., scali ceived the first premium for a di..ers entertairinmens; but he has not been aho able. and the month of April not
manufacturers. All parties wishing t. fled display, although the horticultural seconded b- the people o'I Jackson to.. dry. the latter may succeed.
.tt Cauwiflower and cabbsae plants should
purchasee U. S standard scales would exhibit of Lake county stands ,ille with a financial backing of sub ,e transplanted; shallotsdivided and ser
ro,well to send a postal for their ilius unsurpassed. stance, or by thli people of the State out again.
rated catalogue. In previous visits we found iittl.e or with agricultural and horticultural ..ow sorrel, parsley andcress.
nothing Irom Madison county; but it displays. Peas ol'all kinds can be planted. espe-
Census Superintendent Porter with has now several notable articles, one We beg to suggest to the managers aauld be sown in- January. but they
e ud ths s eri n R PLtek thof hich is corn harvested in ibS9 that its present bizarre and hetero- may be planted during this month.
eld the saary of R B. Leak, the and still almost unharmed by the generous character is a serious handi. Plant six inches deep.
ensus enumerator A:,f Lee county. be. weevil. An interesting exhibit ro cap upon the prosperity of the Sub. Herb seeds should be Dlanied; tender
cause he reported only ten deaths in a stock-breeders i the sample of cot Tropical Exo.iion. It ought to be plated into theopein roundaftera d. -ans-
ear, out o a population of 1,47. He onseed oicake, e at Madison' either a riding-school, a circus, skat- Asparagus roots should be plan-ed:
ear, out o him the usual rate by the Florida Manufacturing Corn ing rink, or a place for various spec this is the proper month to sow the seed.
pany. tacular and musical entertainments; or of this vegetable,..
our locality there should be about The promises and possibilities, to- else it ought to be a display of agr. PlaIts in the hot-bed will require at-
,,enty deaths reported from i:,ur dis. gether with the actual achievements, cultural, hortictltural and mechanical and the weaherl is pleasant. if inoo
rict." But the enumerator was obliged 01 alion county in the cultvation products-oner the their. Thereis thick, thin out so they may become
o reply that, after diligent search, 'he of deciduous fruits will recekie our a time to sing, there is.a time to dance: sturdy.
Irld t rd il t s special attention at another.time. we have .the highest Scriptural war Buh means can be commenced with '.,
oud nct find the c.t,s a-,'//i, the Citrus county has over two hun. rant for fiddling and dancing-at the ons may be trieders, s uathey and mol'suc-
hetndred samples of phosphates, represent- proper time-to the top of our. bent ceed; if protected by smaU boxes, as

[FEBRUAIY 5,1891


most gardeners protect them, there is no to come on rapidly, and planting should the old stocks will be out of the way and
risk at all. Plant a succession every not be delayed. If the weather is dry prices begin to move upward.
five days, for a relay in case of frost. and warm, plant late in the evening; We do not recommend the resumption of
Corn can be planted toward the end of water well and mulch. shipments yet, but are obtaining the highest
this month. For market, the Adams Orange trees in grove and nursery will possible price for that we are receiving now
Extra Early and Early White Flint are now need attention, but the grower Yesterday fancys brought $2@2,50; brights
planted. We recommend the sugar va- should not be in a hurry to slash away in best counts, 176 to 200, $1.75@2; large fruit of
rieties for family use, they are just as all the twigs and limbs that may seem good quality, $1.50@1 90; off sizes in rough
large as those mentioned, and Stowell's injured. Wait a bit. Where the injury stock, lower; russets brought very nearly or
Evergreen is as large as any variety is real it will presently become manifest; quite as much as brights, especially In de-
grown. -- then will be time for pruning. They sirable sizes; Tangerines, $4.15&4.60; Man-
Mangel wurzel and sugar beet should are learning in California faster than we dariuns, $1.25@2; navels, $; grape
be sown in this month for stock. are the lesson the Anglo-Saxon race has fruit, $2.593.60.
SWEET POTATOES.-Make a large, been slow-to learn to let an orage tree
rich, mellow bed and put out plenty of alone. The Secretary of the State Horti-
sweet potatoes for "draws." The Nan- cultural Society, Mr. B. M. Lelong, has REPORT BY G. S. PALMER.
second is an excellent kind for Florida, pronounced against the open-top system
but its vines are so long and slender that of running. NmEW YORK, Jan. 30, 1891.
they are not so suitable for planting as Now that in many places the leaves of Receipts of oranges show some slight fall-
the short stocky vines of the Providence orange trees have dropped off the tips of ing off, yet are fully adequate to the demands
and some other kinds are, hence a plenty the limbs, the grower should apply at of the trade, and although an early improve-
should be bedded out to give plants. once some insecticide wash to remove the ment id prices is anticipated, yet at present
Slips or pieces of vines will not root well scale. We have often given a formula there is no material change. Desirable lines,
if the weather should be dry and hot. for a good one; see back numbers, running mostly of preferred sizes, 178 and
The Early Golden is also a fine variety, Toward the end of this month the cul- 200, are held with more confidence, choice
a little earlier than the Nansemond and tivator ought to be started in the grove, brights selling at $2.7543 and russets $2.50@
perhaps larger, though the Nansemond with the prong-hoe, as a supplement di- 2.62%; brights in lines, mixed counts, $2.50;
is hard to beat in this regard when prop- rectly under the tree, giving the surface rssets, $2.25. Large coarse fruit can only be
early cultivated. The Golden is not of a very light scratching. It is nowise sold at a liberal concession from abbve prices.
quite so deep a yellow as the Yellow likely that we shall have a March bliz- Grape fruit is In demand and will sell readily
Nansemond. zard as we did last year. A good spring on arrival, if choice, at $4.505 a bbl ; Tan-
FArM CROPS.-Get all ready to plant growth is worth more than all the rest of gerines, $4@S a box; Mandarins, $2.25@3.
cotton. Take great pains to burn up or the season, unless one has an irrigating Very few new Southern vegetables coming
cut thoroughly to pieces all the old plant to keen up a sustained growth forward; choice beans selling $566 per crate;
stalks, which, if left too long, will be through the late spring drouth. peas, $2.50@4; beets, $1.5 '81.75; tomatoes, $2@
switched about' in cultivation and give IN THE VINEYARD.-We hope no one 3; cucumbers, $8@3.50. New cabbage of good
the young plants the "sore shin." Lay will neglect the admonition we gave last quality and solid heads will realize $8338.50
in a good stock of kainit as a preventive month as to the necessity of pruning the per bbl.
of rust. Cotton and cane, in this warm, grapevine. It is true that a vine fifteen
moist, stimulating climate, need potash or twenty feet long, if generously fed, --
(which is the valuable element in kainit) will fruit the entire length and rejoice
to keep them free from disease, just athe hear of the groer; but the next year NEW YORK AUCTIONS.
1;.ke need romn,.u salt t, irueIerre he will be dicapppointed. He may count The "Fruit Trade Journal" reports thb. fol-
I ;'e St.i ..k llr.Il 0 1utin. Sbmalt t. Or, r I Pl. l 0 Srlj,,rWItts 1 ilfe, ,,wira:
tlbem in Latith. FI-,. liih-b srimulatliol, l-.tJ fhe rt ,r 10 w vill ,,i ,, it- le" c
wilh ri,-: nir,..,-,- ,,,.i_ 1.i tui res I v r.lnali :. nd her1 :tt r i ill li ttle ac- E L. Good ,ell -,Ai. Inta week as ifol ,:,, -, to rn-it an, ,,t i-r :i' 'ou! .,i;' ,=,, a~.. nt, 1l a-,. hI ,- Im(rat *d e-seJtial to vhlo dav-G, 'pe rf,,i.2 1 2 20,.,ucy ur,--,s, prey r-adil or rsuk. snU regeti- -rhe . ri ,- d rr ..r.l'Li ry tild con- 61 ,2; navels.1.1t.,, Florida orsu-.s, urigni-,
twin. rl,'tt ins every, tear as it is to plant gar- $I.4 ,,3 ,,,5: goldeu ru,.,is, 'i io.C2.I: ru,.
SI'2ar cInc andd -:sva n;ay te pl:hrited dben l n' il ltb,., spr-;g. -, '- '1:.; fain y brigrit, i ':.3. 9;
trii mnuiuthl in Siouih Florida, thb;or;h it rirei. u o wruipped. 11.5-ii_2.,.. Xt.-e,_ -s-
niay be. a little too: early iLi We't Flor- THE MI AR K ETS. ,i,:.-ura'pe ifrit, bit s. '.,; naveli, 4i-",'
ida-. 4. i; Florn-i cr.rauge-, fancy brigint, ii 'f,.
Mike ,up your miud to try a sm.nll @2.7i; brightly, 81.nS,2.-.5: ruiie- t1 4 @9
path of P.tra -r.ass or Japan :clo:ver :,r Quotations for Florida Fruits and 2.4:6; golden ruia,.ta, It .25:0 Frida"y-
blih, a' t in experiment jl .u :,t rap, Irili, brlghli, .u -1. ; fine'. nua el, H 3i',
plintL the i ar gr:isC oun',ihere where getables. ; Florid oraug.a. brignis, l.' in;
you will want the lauii t;or IculivaLte Rf--iRI -. FL'.-ii'eA PUIT EXCHANGE. golden russets, Si lua,2l.Sj; gleglit ruo .sE .
erops or sow tue Japan clover in a grove 42 i5'; rusa,ets, ti.-':I, 2.2"; lancy brignia, $1.i..
or orep r. J p J.t,:i ".:.NViLLE. F e ., i, l. '. ,
Thii i- a proper line for sowiti. Japa- iilil .ti,--i J I. itj,. L I l BuLIlII in i [b- M-e-r,. riol a Day, agent Fioida Frluli
ne-e bu,.kivhear; try t few rows of it for Fl:l-ila Fruoi E,-seb.ia me past few day. Exchange, told for w.-nks ending January in,
bee-pasture and chicken feed. rn.'- .-nowno a f.t ie-d endec- y toward ,m- is follows:
LAwNs.-Mo-st Floridianti seem to pre- 1',"-,eLn. Late.t ieisraphie a,vces from Ml or..xT.--2., boxes ora,_ si at i$20@i..0..
fei plenty of trees and hare ground urt- t f.,ltY r:.:.ont t et-' stroubnr ude- T.. _,Dv.-iii- packages oranges, Ta-.
dorneatbh about tbl. hou.e. Tbiks int re5,ps ,ud lir ical-,.r. Sles .Ince .rlnaesad n M daruds. Boxuc oiraguEs. 2 *5
prubabilv prevents the inroads of vermin, rep'..-'t average.- onir ,t i.,, mostLy larg- *lze. -s &; baif-noxes rlai.erlne.<. 2.:(. ''; halif-
but we doubt the health illness ofl it. a',-i .iIt, 'rot-iJ iriit oozes Mlandaulus, i2ji 26.
Wide veriudais lor shade. a light plas- Milrkelts are rapdli !lipr,..ruin and te W\EDiEsrt.Ay.-3,p.,Iipc-kages- ra, geA,Ta a.
terl-ediIous to i -'xcud,: V- rliiu. Land a Lit :iis A.- l I -t aull U chowra rL u LI.t: Irn prices arinre.s an.d Mauddariu Box, .-.raugb s, S:,...1,
ofe-lose-ihaven lawn about the hiouze. if tL- ve,iiter .it.i .al ti ,',ie. j; bail-ooses Tco niD tiuv,. i.*-42 E.
would seem to tbe a better arrangement lTh. E.xuin-. r,,,n-r,.nda i.,.-ly Chip- FRiDAY.--I'1.I paeaini.oraotes,
all round aner abu ,.,uid Ot i,.a eru and Mandarin. BoxE orange., f .' 1 *: ;
Pletif ,itfhutluu and plenty of water t .-i.n ,-I ini 1n3 1 t.11 f c. And s-veS haif-t,ose6 "a, Lu., h lr.oE
are bli;':' esieriol' for the maimtenua ce otndr,:.-l l_-.:-,,, r.d .,., yet r,, ai, to Y.- i Ma-,d rt l .l-
ofa cgood latwn. but even in t.e worst m.irh-t.-d.
sand the Bermuda may be made to hold No.:t -..uox (.t iS t.uou d net lesI tian l: ---
the sand down, even if it does not look on true ies au- I1 prrop.erly banidlei oy the
very greenu :nd int itlig in winter. If it -.upp.-i6s he r:sulti:,te .urirto'besal,,.faleory REFOR.T E.V iEEDFiELE, & SON.
is--dr, andu hot set the Bernuda ?uttilgiS r'u Ex.h ',IL it id' I_. A& ? o ii b |old ,1 to Ltr PHIL.4D_ --LPHaIA, l.'.l.
in the bottom of furrows -ix inches deep; lar,_--, i.- u,t a. I,, ug aus p s.ille. 6 %% Itb cOntinoued liberal reoe .i. of Flor.ula
as soon as thee- begin to grow the fur- .la__ o f0 llt Il do l( Iily well anout March oanges Our mars.t i lai overtook.
rows can be tiled up gradually and the Is. porcuianry with large and unduirabeclze,.,
Bermuda will eoume right up through with ,-uotat,o s ru le I L..r,:n ged me:., last re- arod ,ilW .,lgA,-ui trio e lIn l.ri,.es ihe de-
h[e persistence of an Irish potato. port. leC lor trleily fancy, 17. to mand continue v.-ry iignt, and noue DOut Lh6
SStrongly roted stlo ks will Crcome up 2a., ,Lze. Is62. 2 25. f2.est gilltedge will rin.g topq.iotutiloroi. We
t-bhrough there" inches of sand. raDnerlu.- audil Maendirlns are In etiterde- .IUOt you a. fol-,ws-:
If the situation is uot roo dry and nmanJ- tiul at il-i ly luioreased figures. Tan- Fancy bright, sl.-Nd. 176 to i,,., per box at
sandy. send to some of the Florida ieeds- gerines, :.Tir. M- li-nd.rins. '2,. I ;grape ,,' b,; cho ,e bright, 176 to .l'm.. 2.rb''.7a;
men who advertise iu our columns aud ir. l, .ri,3Ii ieto fancy bright 1; to 150, i2.t-.,,
get a package of mixed la wn grasses. ____ choice to fancy brlghts, 146 to 150, ,2.5(02.*;
C1 rlNGS.-Fig eutlings should be set ----- choice to fancy brighis. 16 t 1241 1;
out where the rrees are intended to re- HOME rARKET REPORT. to ace ro aue rlies,M 17 I to11o2.-l; cokice
' main and never be transplanted. The t a .v rU0ei, 1t6 1 ..... c o e
best take off the cuttiug is just J.iCKsN'..NLLH, ',eb 4. 1S91. to10 fane ru-seti, 14) to 1`), '`2 2.2),; uole 10to
S-- when the old trees show signs 0i starting ih6ral. l a decide.JI r1t-. l ouil.,ok in the ( fancy rusi.eL, 12Q to 12, .$1.76.,;2: CboIce to
the. growth. Cuttings- of the grape, orange market Yebterday's auction Pale fincy russels, 96 to 112, $S1 2ll 5:; choice to
S iomegranate, rose, LeCrnute pear, etc., was one of rhe a heaviest oi the season and, fancy Tangerines, $4.5f@ub.50; choice to Tancry
should be set wilboutdelay, ihade well whie sobu. iuprocvtment, tb.' Mandailns, $2.E.i,)i.;. choice to fancy.grape
and waterjudiciously, not soppinuly.- market is siOQoger than jor ten days past. fruit, @2.u :
'. ORiETARD AND GROVE.- d 'oung' r- Destrable lot-i were lapidly lateaen stop prices' Tiere are but few vegetab'es arriving and
ange trees may still be transplanted, also ge.- prices nominal. We -strongly .advise. our
all decitluous trees which are still in.a At the feeling here indleates there is a tomato abhlpp-r r ot. to ship anything but
'" drmant.*cndition. We hare had so bealiLer coition, l thob orange. market chole stock and nearly all ripe at the time of
i much steady cold that trees will be apt .throughout Ihe country. In a few more days snilppiig. ," ..

-'."--..--.-.---" ....--'- --- -----------"..-
.. .a,: i! + : : i = ,

,k.. .: : : ; 4- , ._ : _, -= .. +-. : -.... .. ; .
T=- -q = o F : i-:':.: : : -:;- = ." ".q --'% ,.


BOSTON, Jan. 29, 1891.
Snow & Co. sold at auction January 29, 898
boxes, at prices ranging- from $1.622%@2.70.
H. Harris & Co. sold as follows, on Friday,
January 23: Florida oranges, $1.50@3.05 per
box; navel oranges 2,62%@38378%; grape
fruit, $2@3.26; Tangerines, $4 6-% per box and
$3.253.12Y per half-box; Mandarins, $150
per half box.
H. Harris& Co sold asf, llo1., cn TuA..lky,
January 27: Florida orang: .. Si 2&,'3 p.r
box; Tangerines, $83.50 per box; Tangericles,
$1.10@2.87% per half-box; Mandarins, $2.12%
per box; Mandarins, 62cAc@$1.75 per half-box;
navel oranges', 02.87%@4.26 per box.

ST. Louis, Jan. 81, 1891.
Strawberries are so very abundant in Call-
fornia at present that they are looking for
some market that wilt take them by the car-
load-something very difficult to find at
present. The berry grower who has to seek
markets 1,000 io ?., r0 n ile-s way,.v, ai,j e,-
cdally at this tlun.- e1 t yer.. caino, Jer "
much inducemeLt to placrlt ,,:lt&iieriy Iu
that section. The prospects for him under
such circumstances are not very bright.
An Arizona party wrote to P. M. Kiely &
Co. one day last week wantingto know if they
could dispose of strawberries and vegetables
bythe car-lod 0 1 .i.r,. rbs tan IIli, ni s '
comes from a *.'irt rtr %lil'.i'I[-1, 0111
it indicates .that the Arizonians are going
into huines. '
Slowly but surely the heath.-n Crn,.--r are
eating their way into every .rau .-. trade -.-
on the Pacific- coast, the last to be invaded
o.,ni f ilb- 2 ri i-n.,- .- n. ulbc pi ciici
Oe,I. 1- h b. e,,ill -rL 1.: ,, ae "llrir,..j. .it] a i
15,. I Tii" g,:,rl s-'<:h ,ran I- ran:l- o. atl J
I[hll- u' .- .. ir-i piiivolf r.-ri'- i-, nE

"l-',l-.,"lb ,is. le ,.lr-' J l ",i I .J r.'l /n. I *ri i,
ale.i" r, .- i onc'-r ;i'.e ,. iy u. L, nitl.-d. dd :i
ln i .-s i'lhi 0 -h ILj 'h'I'oh l -r iA Lb. l 1',:i-
Ln yi o. n L u ,r. .i' ,e I :- Ir lb. Jnd
plrj i ,l, o' r t, u i L.- uci.l uI "l' l b l 1L cble
tabt, *s ,,i lle coas- t siir 'l E .T'i.t I. y r(an
erunil .m' jjs a e illnl alt,'r,. r-. lir, rL ta-,tkLn
A, -l.l ,:-] it. At L ,.. Aiice.. f,:,r in-. r r i n ;r d
lm arI c li ".rijl't .i lsi -anI, hi .hll ._...,rL of[
-v e ry ,ri. 'a e i -and .i n i or [ i s o r ,fel vIe rs
ilS nna f-rtiihel l -i iel Of nfo-.rte,| t'{-,l'itjles,
i're b. .?, li,, air- drippingI i ib di," for tb
Fmbil ,i a of l,-l n tetil. InUI.[n m..O t te-
",- i'l Lrnlan on l', 'telyar p-r r. "ts ut. -e
\'let ieaimi. *1 njiitel% aud piriiinhrii sa.
A p il e rlIir n [ro',m P'eI nritn,'i Caiiilornio,
riW In F(i.rrin --Tr eii horse tO th.- uRcvr-
sile Pre~.: '
11' ihe g.-o'T i -ft'Californi: will hold [thm- n
stea dy'l anod pull t.,gether ttf.y will
riealiue .olod fair trwet;. r,-D'Ih.-y ri,'ed ,e. for
,f' Fioni .I ev rt g ita i, lull ci t ;,we ni. .y ex-
E-I.e tr. I, IL;e rue.'h lowr,.r pr -ii.- tu e I iave
o.,,n iheailz d Io r severall year a "
,h"afi,,C lI S't L.'ui.o ar, r,-i'Ln "r Ma ueh
prs.:. at her .nparc.d i me,,soure in whrc lthey
ar neri la In Flolioan 'i be .ulk m' the sale 61'
,JirtI r.l e ,-1 i, VI i .' fire ,I 5i.;6 7.5 per
.,,x -vujip tij, la'srr |Z, *Z:,,= ,; o l'[,') ,art iI 76
..25. ultrno n we nrot,'e euvu tAlze are iower
in ihi Ea.stern n.arieits Mle-re or leims now
ba\"e 1. co re park 'd ,, nItHe I u-n -inek -reis-
rtaOlor ,l'xe i.,le. Nonr, ..-i'n 61off v et f'rom
Florlhii. New i-ir 'ins catue, -' .,5),2 76
emite. No Ltrawt.L-rrn'e yet Plorida, al-
thoiugh We have luiqiry for them.

C HICA.,;o, Jan. ti, 1f91.
ORANG'.a-Were quolt-bly quiet They
w,_re Lb.- e6iiue arE iurday ui Doint of value.
Chr,.,._ n.all anJd z,"n ,d 'rlit irmly held, rbut. -
or'i nsry -ockb.,'i.r, are very wirling to &sell.,
Florlrdi,, -iet iruble size brig ,t and choice,
S., '. i 2i per b.)x -
FlIrida. good, sound, but largA, 2..i'i@2.7b'
per bx. -
Florida, large. r. uah, common. 22.23.
Florida, unsound aud frosted, 41.7@2 -5.
Florida Tr.ineerines. caie, of two boxes
*lU:tlbile'at 9i 6i*4.65) 'nr common to choice.
Regular boxf-s a 3.,'4 5 .
Florida grape frill slow at 52.Fi)ig3.'25 ;per
bi x. "
In filihe harder fine sel-clted fruit ells-for
belier miJan ab-'ivre prices. .-
. Vr'euncla ses ar.elllg at l.iJ'a. .-.;
Mes.-.nn, boxeio' -20r) quoitabl-t a$2S7 25. of .
31.11 s $2 .2I,;.7i. an.1 double 0 ait IIiq2 i'..
PINE ,A'PLES-r, fair zUpjjl.N They eIlt.. .-.
slowly at 0I..S(it6 per dozen. Erira laig- and -'
chao Ce saill et 6 5l 9l@.1.75. .- ,- 'r h -I -i
6rRiNo Bl.AN --Florlda choice fresh held '
at 3 V@1 fo'r biibel 'boxes Was'ln "i.jlb.
bo xes held l .. %..;
ToM .ToEs -California 20 lb. boxes,. 1.50'i
2 5u, aeiordlog .to10 q'allity. Florida 10, lb.'_ -'- .
boxes, 8l,3l.25. a:cs slow all round.- dome--
touiatoes are In poor order and wi.ll-not bring
tne quotatlonss.

k .. ." -:
'- :.C .+ -- ''.- '

FERITARY 5, 1891]


(FEBRUARY 5, 1891

Iardeil and Lawn.

Some Troublesome Florida Weeds
-No. 9.
Sonchus oleraceus (Sow Thistle, Milk
Weed). This is an annual plant,
naturalized from Europe. It grows
from two to four feet high. The
leaves are alternate, deeply pinnatifid;
the terminal lobe deltoid. When cut
it exudes a milky juice. The flowers
are yellow and borne in heads. Plant
very smooth and glaucous; that is, cov
ered with a bloom or powder that c in
be rubbed off. Keep the plants from
going to seed.
gpomcea Quamoclit (Cypress Vine).
This is a naturalized twining annual,
with finely pinnatifid leaves and red
flowers half an inch in diameter. It
grows in orange groves and other cul-
tivated grounds where it has got a
foothold. The vines grow several feet
in length, twining around everything
in their way, often running into the
tops of orange trees. As they usually
spring up during the rainy season and.
as the vines are twining they cannot
well be mowed. They should be
closely watched and every vine pulled
up before there is any danger of the
seed maturing. If treated this way
when it makes its appearance it may
soon be destroyed.
Ipomnaa hederacea and A. commutata
(Morning Glories) are often found in
fields as noxious twining vines.
Iommav/ Bonai-fnox (MooTnn F~li-we^r

country homes, along highways and
in the lawn, not forgetting, mean-
while, to set Bermuda grass under the

Jamaica Sorrel.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
The Jamaica Sorrel is certainly a
great acquisition to Florida where acid
fruits, for cooking, are often very
scarce or not to be had at all. It
grows as readily as okra or cotton, and
every man who has a home should see
that his family has a good supply.
It has been suggested in your valu-
able paper as a substitute for cranber-
ries, which are so difficult sometimes
to procure when needed.
While at Tarpon Springs, in 1889,
I saw it growing at Gov. Safford's
place, where it occupied a corner of
his extensive grounds, perpetuating it-'
self by sowing the matured seeds in
the soil, which sprang up and grew
like native weeds. I also tasted a sam-
ple of the jelly made from it, which I
considered superior to strawberry jelly
or syrup, and an excellent substitute
for cranberries. It was then the mid-
dle of November, but the plants were
full of flower buds in all stages of
growth, and the cook gathered a three
gallon vessel full of those in a proper
state for making jelly. It is one of the
many plants that has a great future
before it in South Florida.
871 Mulberry St., Macon, Ga.
1 6 -

p'" Mulching.
Good Night). This is a rank peren- ulching.
nial vine, -growing in rich hammock "Great expectations" often
land in South Florida. The leaves grief from want of a little thoughtful
are very variable even 6n the same care. It is not enough that our flower
vine, varying from cordate acuminate seeds are bought of a reliable dealer,
to three-lobed or hastate. The flower or that they are properly planted and
is large,, white, with a long slender successfully grown to be established
tube and opens in the evening. When plants in the garden beds. No, in-
it gets into cultivated ground it is a deed, this is not enough, as all may
terrible pest, as it grows from cuttings be lost by a "forget" in watering,
and seeds. Grub up the root and keeping well weeded, properly tied
pile the whole plant to dry on fences up and cut back.
or stumps. I have seen shoots pulled But you say, "I have faithfully done
off bloom right along for four or five all these things and yet my Pansies,.
days.- Keep it off the ground, if pos- Asters and Phlox Drummondii and
sible. others suddenly droop, turn yellow,
-4 looking as if scorched." This' may
Planting Shade Trees. be due to the ground aphis, as I, too,
Eidir..r 'armeran.i rr.,r.rower have had to fight this terrible pest this
I hope that arbor day was -well ob- season; if so a copious watering on
served in Florida. and that the next the roots with tobacco tea will. put a
decide will witness the spread of many stop to its career, using enough to
branches of flourishing shade trees thoroughly saturate the soil. Always
over a soil long parched by a pitiless choose the evening for'-this, as the
sun. foliage is liable to burn if it touches
In the more northern sections of it in sunshine. But if free from this
the State, some country homes- have troublesome insect be assured that
avenues of water oaks set'in front of dribbling waterings have induced sur
the residence with a beautiful effect, face roots in your seedlings, and they
In Marion county there is a water oak are. being cooked by the hot sun,
of great height and girth set forty-seven "done brown" before your very eyes.
years ago by the wife of a home I had a couple of bushels of leaf mold
steader. AIt is a magnificent roof tree, on hand and used it as a mulch onrmy
and she who planted it is justly proud pansy bed, just after a soaking rain-
of it. fall, putting it all over the entire bed,
Jacksonville and Lake City and on the soil between each and every
other North Florida towns are noted plant, working it with the fingers close
for their shade trees, and Nlicanopy up to the stem or collar of each plant;
has its streets lined with the the effect was immediate; no more
date palm and orange trees. Many drooping, but renewed strength and
towns have followed the example of vigor, causing the bloom to be more
planting the latter along their streets firm, larger and indeed wonderful for
and avenues. July Pansy bloom.
What we particularly wish to see I am careful to cut without count-
are .shade trees planted around ing, every evening, never allowing a

pod of seed to be found. If I need
seed next spring I know where these
.came from and will order the same
again; they are Childs' Giant Excelsior
and Imperial German, the very best,
to be depended on after a three
months' siege, in sowing, transplant-
ing and care to, July. Ver
benas revel in hot sunshine, but are
much benefited and improved by a
heavy mulch of very old, well-rotted
manure, that from a two year-old hot-
bed being the best. By two-year old
I mean that it should have rotted an
extra winter after it was removed from
hot bed; this brings it to a crumbly
state, just right for a mulch, and will
benefit, any plant during a hot summer
where they are exposed to the full sun
Lawn mowings are often used as a
mulch; they answer very well provided
they have been spread out to dry, ,as
when used damp and green they burn
anything they touch and destroy more
than they help.-MAayflower.
Phlox Drummondii.
Of all the flowering plants that
grace our gardens and beautify our
homes I know of none that sur
passes the Phlox Drummondii for con-
tinuity of bloom- and brilliancy and
variety of coloring. Every conceiva-
ble color and tint, from the purest
white to the deepest scarlet an-d pur-
ple, is embraced in this species of
flower, at once so showy and so deli
cate. All of the bright colored varie
ties, such as carmine, violet, rose,
scarlet, yellow, etc., have a white
eye; while the pure white blossom
has a purple eye. We have them also
beautifully striped. Its hardy nature
and vigorous habit makes -the phlox
less susceptible to bad effects from un-
lavorable location or unskillful treat-
ment than are most plants; and in its
culture ordinary care will be liberally
rewarded by a most dazzling display
thro:iuglout most of the summer and
autu,0rin months. And yet, while it
d,.ies not really insist upon the beet of
soil, or most careful culture, its great
beauty surely renders it worthy of
both; and it should not be neglected,
or planted in anything poorer than
good garden soil. The better the soil
and culture the greater will be the
growth and the more perfect the flow.
ers. "
This is one of the plants that comes
fairly Liue frm.. seed, so that in plant-
ing one can depend on getting the
color he desires. This fact in connec-
tion with its great diversity of color
and constant profusion of bloom, ren-
ders the Phlox Drummrondii one of
the most desirable of all plants for
masses of color, for ribbon beds -and
for itrnking effects in the way of con-
trasts. There are irjnumerable fays
in which a skillful gardener may effect-
ively utilize" this incomparable little
plant. Its cultivation is exceedingly
simple. The seeds may be sown in
the open this latitude in
May. and the following month the
plants will be in bloom. Indeed, soc
much itahity do the seeds contain
that they may even be planted in the
fall so long as they do not germinate
before spring. In rich soil the plant
grows to-a height of eighteen inches
or more, and in such soil the plants
should not be allowed to stand nearer

together than twelve or fifteen inches.
In poorer soil they may stand closer.
-Floral Instructor.

The use of Ayer's Sarsaparilla. One bottle
may not cure "right off" a complaint of
years; persist until a cure is effected. As a.
general rule, improvement follows shortly
after beginning the use of this medicine.
With many people, the effect is immediately
noticeable; but some constitutions are less
susceptible to medicinal influences than
others, and the curative process may, there-
fore, in such cases, be less prompt. Perse-
verance in using this remedy ,is-sure of its
reward at last. Sooner or later, the most
stubborn blood diseases yield to


"For several years, in the spring months,
I used to be troubled with a drowsy, tired
feeling, and a dull pain in the small of my
back, so bad, at times, as to prevent my
being able to walk, the least sudden motion
causing me severe distress. Frequently,
boils and rashes would break out on various
parts of the body. By the.advice of friends
and my family physician, I began the use of
Ayer's Sarsaparilla and continued it till the
poison in my blood was thoroughly eradica-
ted."-L. W. English, Montgomery City, Mo.
"My system was all run down; my skin
rough and of yellowish hue. 1 tried various
remedies, and while some of them gave me
temporary relief, none of them did any per-
manent good. At last I began to take
Ayer's Sarsaparilla, continuing it exclusive-
ly for a considerable time, and am pleased
to say that it completely

Cured Me.. -
I presume my liver was very much out of
order, aniid thlie blood impure in consequence.'
1 feel that I cannot too highly recommend
Ayer's Sarsaparilla to any one afflicted as I
was."--Mrs. N. A. Smith, Glover, Vt.
"For years I suffered from scrofula and
blood diseases. The doctors' prescriptions
and several so-called blood-purifiers being of
no avail, I was at last advised by a friend to
try Ayer's Sarsaparilla. I did so,,and now
feel like a new man, being fully restored to
health."-C. N. Frink, De,.ran. Ioa. *

Ayer's Sarsaparilla
DR. J. C. AYER & CO., Lowell, Mass.
Sold byDruggists. $1, six$5. Worth $5 a bottle

Day Line--St. Johns River
Except unday
S- Tit ELIZA HAINcoOK Teaves Jack onvillle
foot Main t., at2 pm. for Ilbbernta,Magialia,
Green Cove Soring, Pocolata, Federai Point,
Orange Mills and Palatka. Leaves Palatka
7 a.m., connects at Green Cove Spring for
Me rose and Santa Fe. Arrivesat Jact-sonvllle
12:30, p. m., assuring early connections for the
N.'rl.l rnd Wel'. ,E.V.H. POST, Gen. Agt.,
V" EBBE-T On Board
WO10W Bay s'.

phea Our .cl; Orl.-na7 describes ihem all. Srr.d
For Fre,. gend also for our emd ltOo.
Sp-U F,.itr.I pply oiroular rEE. for most
complete SEED CATALOG UE published.
1 "11 and 2I1 MU ,ket l84 P llad, elthis. Pa

SStyle as shown in cut, a th full
9..t attachmen Its, sel f.settlng nee-
lie and self-ihrending shuttle.
R s You cangetw-v ii aehlnesowLy
,fman urRcturern .'nve Canvas-
sers'Commisslonsof $.2. Sentona
Lrinal. Wnrrantpd 5 years.
r- We pay Freight. Philadelphia, Par


- .


FEBRUARY 5. 18911

1 Second best picture in water colors, HON. JOHN F. DUNN'S SPECIAL PRE-
0Our R'lraLl JIO e. Miss Louise Smith, Ocala-diploma MIUM.
and $3. Sub-Alliance furnishing best collec-
CThird best picture in water colors, tive exhibit of agricultural products of
"Company is coming S. C. Ryan, Tampa-medal and $i. one county, $15o-Long Lake, Mar- How Lost! How Regained,
For our Rural Home. Best pastel picture, Miss J. Mosely, ion county. rt ENCE
How it recalls the many times I flew Madison county-bangle. Second best, $100oo-New Harmony,
around from garret to cellar, and then Best painting on brass-bangle, Washington county. F f
when the visitor arrived was too tired Miss E. Turnbull, Jefferson county. Sub-Alliance furnishing best collec-
to enjoy what should have been a rec- Best painting on glass-bangle, tive exhibit of agricultural and citrus
reaction. I remember one special Mrs. S. T. Sistrunk, Ocala. fruits, $15o-Hawthorn Alliance, I/1flWTYT
friend I visited, whose table was al- Best painting on China-bangle, Second best, $1oo-Eustis Alliance, \8WTJ i:f.
ways so loaded you would think twenty Miss E. Turnbull, Jefferson county. Lake county. THE SCIENCE OF LIFE
ys hA Scientific and Standard Popiflar Medical Treatise
hungry harvesters were to do justice Handsomest crazy quilt-bangle FLORIDA WINES. on the Errors of Yoith,PrematureDecline, Nerous
to the tempting viands instead of just and $3, Mrs. Kuster. Best general exhibit, gold medal- and Physical Debility, mpurities of the Blood.
"John" and I. In vain I resolved to Handsomest crocheted quilt, $3- H. Erwin, Palatka, Fla.
set her a better example when she re- Mrs. Tyner, Levy county. Second best, $25-E. Dubois, Tal-
turned the visit. I could not get up Best display of palmetto works, $5 lahassee, Fla. Is
the courage to set her down to one --Mrs. Graham Marion county. Third best, $15-S. R. Casseaux,
kind of dessert when she had three for Best display of honey, $2-Mrs. Crawfordville, Wakulla county. Resultingfrom Vic, gnorance,Excesses or
us; yet who can enjoy an over-loaded Drumright, Manatee county. Best exhibit of any three varieties, Overtaxation, Bnervatin, andunftting the victim
table with but a taste of this and a bit Best inlaid woodwork-diploma, $10-E. Dubois, Tallahassee. Avoid unskillful pretender. Posress bsgrei
Ofatsh ThefaroamedI'Mr.. Weller" Cadework. It contains00 pages, royal vo. Beautiful
of that? The far famed 'Mr. Weller" Cadet H. Rowe. Best -exhibit of any single, variety, binding, embossed, f Price only $1.00 by
was often heard to remark, "Enough Best Florida cones, $i-Mrs.Jones, diploma-E. Dubois. ma, postaid, concesen plain wrapper. Tus-
is enough, Samivel, and that is the art Leon county. distinnied author, Wm. I. Parer, M. D., re-
o' letter writing," and, I think, it ap- Best display of needlework, em Courting One's Wife. ceive theGODALL lD
frout the National Mledicil Association fori
plies equally to our cooking, broidery, fancy work, etc., $5-Miss There is far too little courting done this PRIZE ESSAY-on NERVOUS and
S. M. A. 1s right; we have neglected PHYSICAL DEBILITY.Dr.Parkerand corps
S. M. A. is right; we have neglected McDonald, Leon county. in the world. + of Assistant Physicians may be consulted, confi-
the "Rural Home." I wonder if Best jar of citron-bangle and $I, The average young man acquits dentially, by mail or 'inperson, at the office of
Grenville Atkins is awed also with our Mrs. Rooks, Lake county. himself fairly well in this respect. He No. 4 Businch St.,Boston, IlM.,towhomail
new editor. I always particularly ad- Best jar pickles-bangle, Mrs. goes to see his best girl with becoming rders f ookr or letters for ce F il sho ld be
mired a man who had nothing to do Rooks, Lake county. frequency, and when with her manages
but tell us women what to wear and Best paper flowers-medal, Mrs. to lavish a sufficient amount of tender 0 Q
do, and I do not belong to that unfor- W. W. Booth, Nassau county. and defferential consideration upon PI S* E*. V ,
tunate class, either, who were taught Best crazy sofa cushion-bangle, her to satisfy her natural and praise- RAILWAY SYSTEM.
that stays enhanced their beauty. Mrs. Borland, Citrus county. worthy demands for that sort of thing.
A good substitute for an atomizer is Handsomest feather flowers -med- The young man must stand acquitted; Two Fast Trains Every Day to the
a medium sized pitcher. To use car- al, Miss Radford, Leon county. therefore. ortll, West, and East.
bolic acid put a teaspoonful in a pitch- Best display of shell work-di- But the married, and especially the, N E
er, pour about a pint of boiling water ploma, Mrs. H. A Patrick, Polk middle-aged married man, is usually ..,r.:c RouT ,Oi. o Daylight
ot er it And place the mn;,urli or nositils coUiiity. Very derelict. He does no curing at L J,..K".:s.'i S. .t W v l ., pm ; i am
over it as ihe case rnm y reqiiire. put B.,t rustic casess and graes- all though he ia underspecial obli gatiuon ,- .aa Fs, i i n' n I'
the acLe a-( close as you carn, illu mg .,an le, Miss Jessie Ovens, Marion to do a deal of it, very persistently. L J,, ,. n'; "i i. p
as Ittle of the ~ team to be lost as p[u- ,:oirnt He pledges himself in marriage 1to T. M ar. O, 4:, i an, ,
I 'r .,l _tia Ei. V &, Py. 3 a ino i-' ,- r. m I have niied this icr evere- ore S,eciial premium by an unknown make one sweetheart happy, and he L. A',k, F T. Vm& "R I -& in liJ p in
Ar p,,r E T.V ,Ry I :'i Pri I2 .. am
throat, wouldd i n-ot answer that way % ,er-.,n for be-.t general display of pre knows perfectly thai the e5senltal con- A.r,.a.oi, E T, F.iy- .'p na a m
flir i La (Trifppe, Mr. Edi-r* arnd c.:,uld served fruits, ellies, canned fruits, edition ol e-ery good woman's h;appi- A. E -n .. .1 iamn i ,am & i.'n.
not some fi the other remedies \.Iu mnarmalaides and pickles, $25-Miss ness is that she shall be courted with A rr '?.-i I .
suggest be applied in the same manl- J.., ,: o xens, M.irion cCountv. a good deal of regularity. .LLha l ,:,, a c R. r Pm i 1 m
ner? BET;','. S..c'-,ial premium by Mr. Dehon for The married man does not mean to r.i_...i- I L..u :u ,'-. ; so 7 1p.1
Sparr. fia best general display of woman's work, neglect his duty. H erishes thechrihe the R.-:i Er.'V R R m ,an
$o-c-Mrs. Bailev, lefferson county. wife of his youth with a tenderness far ..r. ErTi, V on.) F.' i a
THE AWARDS. deeper than any that he felt for. her in .\, T. V. Py i pi,, n :am
L, 111 P. & E- I. y 9 ; ,m II r Iam
SPECIAL PRttit HOOD NAH. he salad days of their wooing. But he r ,i S P.DR I p n i m
AList of tbe Premiums Awarded Best general display of needlework, is busy, preoccupied, conifortable, and a R&s .pm fin42
Up to Date. Sto-NMrs. Campbell, Polk county, he feels a canlm assurance and satislac- a 1CDi. i. s i1 !'
.si of, m., a im C 4,1 pm
Mr. H. II Le-g, Director.Go::ra.' f Best display of preserved fruits, $3 inon in her affection which he expects ,.,AB,pECiL IS l-r.Lif, T.RAN and carra Puullman
the Far ners' A//ianc: A.os.wron, --Mrs. H. \V. Rowe, Baker county. her tofeel in her turn. He takes these -,- anan iptr aekalr' -" bi'Ct-emLaalt. P.IlniinS
Ocaia, F,"orida. Best general dipla o canned things for granted in his man's way, LA:.eumo l i Coasnestat1 fE g ntna, FnT t 'i a Sleax .per, arrlb-siio Fhllaelphla
Irui. and jellies, $3- Mlrs. B. E. Nc-- and expects his wife to take them for II p mi .r~la rI s.ur and at Clevoeland hlia
Aiter a careful examination of the Lin, Lake county. granted, too, forgetting that that is lt, p. R ,n r,p n.. vila Lynob
exhibits in the lades' department of Best display o preserved fruit and no he ,omnLs wa. ERES e prs naon to
the Farmers' Alliance Exposition, we, wine. $3-M(. Phares, Lake county The best thing a n-arried man can i 1 .,at rn5 ,nPia
the undersigned, find thal the Iollo For ncv needlework, $2-dMiss do is to court his wife, to treat her s i. ._.arrivigNN,," York I .,p m.. .ia Barr6.buirg.
ing persons are entitled to the pre- Georgia Sistrunk, Marion county. with all the attentiveness o courtesy sr. E low as baby any rally
-- mium named: For fancy needlework, $2-Nliss which he showed her before marriage, ,p-,: rE tTRAoI' N ren.tly furniat ie
Best o p i N st. ApplP t,,TtcClt agEsoiotiormnettg LLUeaor to
. Best oil painting, Mrs. Eastman, Idel Armstrong, Marion county, to consider her in small things as he FriANE u JOLLY, wiM JONES,
Marion county-diplonia and $5. Fr chester magnolia blossoms, $i does in large ones, to minister in a 'a-.w a .aeki.o' n'Traa. Fla.
Second best oil painting, Gypsy -Bessie E. Miller, Pasco county. thousand little, scarcely noticeable B-. n. w N CHA. N. KI"^T, .
George, Polk county-diploma and Fancy -hell pincushion, $t-Miss ways to her woman nature. So shall Knou.-.uT,-Tenn Atiana n.a.
L$3 ie Fogarty, lManatee county. he make her happy, which, if he be at six days eartei than
Third best oil painting, Miss J. FOLLV A WILLiArMIS, CINCINNATi, OHIO. all a well constituted man, is what he teAgeuito E a. Otoands
-Msely, Madison county-medal and Special premium. Farmers' Alliance most wants to do. -.V. Y. iV,/d. at Otneva, N.Y Color
"" l n .- itender, f,.eei and do-
diplorma. sewing machine to lady commissioner onuption elous The ouil Rrape
Best crayon picture, Myrs. McC(or. furnishing best exhibit of needle and An d h. I. ielred iron, pruce'-, bad Ear inealeity.
mick Alachua county-diploma and fancy wurk from one county, accord- placed in nis ni.ndd, by an a-L. India min- our regiaterea irade-
-to quality, quantit and arrange- aloimrs the formula of a siniple %erctable mark label. Send for
ing qual quanty and arrange- r r lhe speedy and pernmaneor cureof icreigtt .,.,i riurin, ri.rformalioD. AgEAibwanted
Second best crayon picture. Corwin meant, Mrs. C. E. Dyke, Leon county. Cor, Imon. Broan,:btin. t Catrrn, Atthma A.I.,r STEPaN oonva soS. New canaan, nO.
-:-dploma and $5. and ll Ira t lung alerello a po- h VI U FIT
Third best crayon picture, Miss 1ICE PRESIDENT I IL.ON'S SPECIAL all Der,,n s complalts. Havine ten and isN OUTFITS
Luye Robertson, Hernando county-- PREMIUM. -wonderul curai e power aI toandb olf 5 35!5alTO, 5 .,vo
eraoses, and deslrlng to relieve hom an suffer- .tf liquid I ruiom. i lRF M n ,I.
n edal and $ .5 st oIlectie exhibitol the pro- n, n sI nd arcoa charge toall who wish .*,r 1 r. i... .
in water 1 one c1.0.U u tii u r-oein G rroaDr French or English, liat three
Best picture in water colors, Miss ducis ol one coulm-a handsome with isuridirpe ionr. for preparing and uslg. Im"-.. ii... anew
: Helen- Thmpson, Jefferson county- siker tirn, costing not less than $too eni b 'mail, op wih stamp. A r R... i. e ..
--dploma ad $. -Paco county. n, this paper. A. NOXES, AD2 ) PowesI FRF L P D.FORCE P EPI p- ..Ikpo.,N.T
diploma and $. -Pasce county'. i BIock,1oceelqer, N.. -, .

.. '. > -

FEBRUARY 5 1891]






VoL. V. "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No., 6.

TOM SAWYER, - Staff Contributor.


Who Made His Way Up by Hard
Knocks and Plenty of Them.
The life of John F. Dunn is full of
encouragement to every young man,
because it shows the value of pluck,
energy and honesty. We believe we
cannot put on these pages a better
class of matter than the lives of suc-
cessful men-men who have made
their way to the front by having some-
thing to do and doing it with all their
Born in South Carolina in 1846, he
came with his parents to Marion
county, Florida, when he was six
years old, and from that time until he
went into the Confederate army he
worked diligently on the farm with
his six brothers. Their principal crops
were Sea Island cotton, sugar cane
and tobacco of the Cuba cigar leaf
variety. He. found that a sandy.loam
hammock, with a porous "mulatto"
subsoil, looking about like brown su-
gar, is admirably adapted to the
growth of this class of tobacco.- They
used to have four or five acres of it,
harvesting from 600 to x,ooo pounds
,of cured leaf per acre, for which they
obtained 25 to 27 cents a pound at
Silver Springs, eighteen miles distant.,
Mr. Dunn thinks that even the piney
woods uplands will grow good to-
bacco, if it has a porous'clay subsoil,
is free from carbonate of lime and is
judiciously manured with good farm-
:yard manure, compost and cotton-
seed meal.
Out of their best crops of cane, they
sometimes made as high as four hogs-
heads of sugar per acre. His father.
introduced Shorthorn and Brahmin
blood to some extent in his herds,,.and
they never lacked for butter and inilk,
a fat beef,, a fatmutton ora fat porker.
The Brahmin blood he thinks better
adapted to cross,on the native stock
than the Shorthorn ; it is rather wild,
but it gives better milking qualities
and as good beef.
They used no improved blood with
their sheep and swine, but the sheep
were brought up and corraled every
: night, as also the cattle. In those days
there were few sand spurs to injure
the quality of the fleece, but he finds
that they increase with settlement and
cultivation. His father used to some-
times smear the outside of the fleeces
with lard in bur-time, which caused
the burs to miss their hold or'to slip
out when already lodged.
He speaks in strong disapproval of
the policy some men pursue in
these days; they plant orange trees
recklessly, buy fertilizer by the car-
load, raise nothing to eat, borrow
' money, mortgage the trees, and
presently they--go under.
His early .experience on the farm
has given him sound information on

rural matters; and this practical
knowledge, together with his popu-
larity and accessibility, received an
amusing illustration. As we sat in
the bank office an old farmer
sidled bashfully in, slipped into a
chair, put his slouch hat between his
knees, and asked the famous phos.
phate chief as to the advisability of
purchasing a certain mule. Excusing
himself a few minutes, Mr. Dunn
politely heard him through, and then
told him that under the circumstances
he thought the mule would be a good
When the war broke out, young
Dunn-only 16-went into it to win,
and he went clear through it that
'way, a free and fighting soldier, and
came out at the end a ragged prisoner
in Camp Douglass. He made up his
mind about that time not to fight the
United States any more.
Returning to the old farm he found
himself without a dollar and with a
widowed mother to support. He
knocked around,; pulled himself to-
gether, got a few old mules, and in
1866 raised a fair though small crop of
cotton. Encouraged by this, next year
he branched out, rented land," ran in
debt for supplies and for wages to his
laborers, and planted about two hun-
dred acres. But that year fortune went
dead against him. There was an im-
moderate downpour of rain, his cotton
was sodden and beaten into the sand ;
the caterpillars played havoc in it, and
the boy went down in deep water-
about five thousand dollars behind-
But he did not lose his grip. He
had the prodigal energy of youth, and
he tried it again. For three years he
worked hard on the farm and reduced
his indebtedness two thousand dollars.
But the farm did not afford him
"scope and verge enough." He. got
a small stock of goods in 1870, (for
his credit was still good, not'hithsiar, d-
ing his indebtedness), and started a
country store. 'He kept at this two
years; he held his own but could not
reduce his debt any. The long, vac-.
uous days in a little fly-bl6wn store
hung heavy on his hands. He was
really only a soldier lad yet, without.
the steady grasp and the balance that
experience give.
He sold out the goods and quit.
Then he determined tostudv law. He
went to Ocala, arriving there with tif-
teen dollars in gold in his pocket and
three thousand dollars out of his pock-
et. He went to Col. S. M. G. Gary
and told him he wanted to study law
and pay off his debts. He fell hard to
work at once over the Colonel's law
books, keeping himself in good health
and a little pocket money by sweeping
out the office, sawing wood at odd jobs,
and whatever else he could find to do
that was honest.
When he had read his course, Col
Gary was so favorably impressed with

the young man that he offered him a
partnership in his law business. Mr.
Dunn expressed his sincere gratitude
for the offer, -but, being of an indepen-
dent turn of mind; told him he pre
ferred to try his fortune alone. Ac-
cordingly he put out his shingle as an
attorney-at-law. He was soon app"-int-
ed tax collector, which gave him a
comfortable salary of $i,5oo a year,
and helped him materially to discharge
his old debts. These he had kept
constantly in mind, and he never
ceased his efforts until the last dollar
of his obligations had been paid up.
But Florida was then comparatively
unknown and backward, there was lit.
tle wealth brought into the- country,
either by travel or trade, and the legal
business did not thrive fast enough to
satisfy the restless young man. He
determined to open a bank, and did
so. He was prosperous in this busi-
ness and began to find himself in more
easy circumstances than he had ever
hitherto been.
When Mr. Agnew started the First
National Bank of Ocala, Mr. Dunn
intended to withdraw from the bank-
ing business altogether, as he did not
then believe and never has believed
that the National banking system was
a correct system in all its-details. (His
view on this subject will be given more
at length in a subsequent issue of this
paper). But his friends and the citi-
zens, generally, counseled him not to
do so; they did not wish the growing
and ambitious city of Ocala to be- re-
stricted to. one bank. Mr. Dunn,
therefore, bought a lot and erected on
it the building at present occupied by
the Merchants' National Bank.- A
banking company was organized with
himself as president, though he owned
only one-tenth of the- stock, and then
r,urchased of him the. building now i1I
use. The capital stock at first was
$50o,ooo, but it is now $10o,000oo. The
first year the deposits were $6, oo.o;
they are now $380,000. This shows
the thriving condition of..the concern.
Mr. Dunn has been accused of be-
ing a corporationist and a sympathizer
with corporations against the people.
The' only corporations he has e\er be-
longed to or taken any part in were
the following: -
He and a number of gentlemen pur-
chased a tract of land of about i
acres near Homosassa;-divided it up
into lots and sold it out to actual set-
Again at Ora'nge Lake (this time he
was aldne, however,) he purchased
1,0oo00 acres on long time, planted out
orange trees as he was able. until he
had 150 acresiset; then divided this
up and sold to men who settled and
became citizens of:Florida.
At another time he formed a com.
pany and purchased Heather Island,
containing 5,000 acres, situated near
Ocala. This the company still retain,
having on it 165 acres of orange grove,

to which they are adding every year,
intending to have eventually a solid
grove of 1,200 acres. It has good wa-
ter protection and will be a fine prop-
erty, giving employment to many peo-
Then, again, he and two other gen-.
tlemen bought 4,000 acres and found-
ed the town of Belleview, the well-
known New England settlement, one.
of the prettiest villages in Florida.
Thus he has, alone or in company with
others, founded three towns-Homo-
sassa, Belleview and D~unnellon.
His connection with the Semi-Trop-
ical Exposition is another work of his
in. corporations; as he has invested in
this between $25,000 and $30,000,-and-
has not taken a dollar out as a divi-:
dend. Indeed, he did not expect to
receive any profit; he engaged in the
scheme purely as a labor of love, as he
expressed it, to help along the devel-
opment of the city and county, in
whose prosperity he takes so much
His connection with the Merchants' -
National Bank corporation was men-.
tioned above, and with this single ex'-
ception all the corporations with which
he has taken any part were formed to
deal in real estate alone, and had for "
their purpose (of course, including, a
profit to the projectors) the s.,tliig up
of the lands of Florida.
It is well known to our readers that
Mr.Dunn is a large owner in the Dun-
nellon Phosphate Company, owning
18,ooo acres of land. He had bought
400 acres and founded the town there
two years before the phosphate discov-
eries which brought him so much
. Certainly it is better for Florida that
the stock of these great curpjicrations
should be held. by our own citizens
than by men of other Star-s, and es
p ycially-by Europeans. One could
well wish that he owned a dozen phos-
phate companies if the profits arising
from them, instead of going out of
Florida, were spent as .wisely and as
generously as John F. Dunn" has ex-
pended his gains. -
Ninety per cent. of all his property
is in phosphate lands, orange groves
and wild lands, and his interests are
with the tillers of the soil. Though
he has been much interested in two
railroads and largely instrumental in
getting them built, namely: the S. S.,
0. & G. and the Florida Southern,
vet he does not to-day own a.dollar of
stock in either of them or in any
other railroad, and never has. Like
every other enterprising and public
spirited man, he believes emphatically -
in railroads as great and. powerful fac-' ,
tors in human progress and civiliza--
lion; yet he holds that they ought to
be sufficiently subject to state or na -
tional conntol,so that they may not be"'
allowed to levy and collect extortioi-- -
ate charges from the people. .:
In the Semi-Tropical _Exposition -

-. .j.*



company Mr. Dunn, as above stated,
took stock to the amount of over
$25,000 and he has never received a
dollar back. The Semi-Tropical com-
pany have never declared any divi-
dends or even been able to pay- the
premiums offered to exhibitors; but
this was no fault of Mr. Dunn nor of
any other member of the company, in
fact, since the popular support of the
Exposition did not meet expenses by
a large amount. But he paid his in-
dividual premiums.
Last fall the sum of $7,000 was
guaranteed to the Directors of the Al-
liance Exposition, and of this amount
Mr. Dunn gave $5,000 out of his
own pocket. The hotel bills of the

visiting delegates were guaranteed,
and amounted to $2,500; of this he
t paid $1,5oo himself.
Besides this, he gave $500 in four
premiums to be awarded to the ex-
hibits of counties or sub alliances. All
these sums above named have been
paid in full.
That John F. Dunn has given these
liberal gifts for an ulterior purpose it
would be base to insinuate. Years
ago, before the Alliance was a power
in the land or had any honors to be-
stow, the native generosity of the man
showed itself hundreds of times. For
instance, two years ago, he gave
$1,00ooo in premiums divided among
Citrus, Sumter and Lake for county
In 188o he married Miss Alice
Eagleton, and has one child. He has
been for about a year a member of the
Presbyterian church, though in the
opinion of all independent thinkers
this fact of itself weighs neither for
him nor against him. To him will
be applied the rule by which all men
stand or fall. "By their fruits ye
shall know them." He is no sectar-
ian; he gives to one church about as
much as to another.
The personal appearance of Mr.
Dunn is familiar to many Flor.idians,
and those who have seen him have
certainly not seen a handsome man.
He is so ugly as to be picturesque,
with a cm., grand face,full of rugged
'strength, to _which the half-closed
e. ecs give a somnulent expression that
is well in keeping with his sluggish
S bur pterful rrind, i ad his frame is
of a phosphate breadth and massive*
S I'he farmers and their representa- would make no mistake in send-
ing John F. Dunn to the United
States Seni'te, and ri,.b,,d1 is paying
us to say this .either. 1We need in
\\at-.hingtor Liness men-rren who
have had the capacity to crc'te and
prosecute success.ullh sorne other v-.
cation besides i/.e ':'c c .'i:;:'; ti-' g
ii: C'i :riss.
\Ve wish it to be distinctly under
stood that.the interview above grien
was entirely oft our own'seeking; Mr.
Dunn did not even suggest, much less
request it. He does not make any
parade of his good deeds; he men-
tioned them only upon being ques-
Stioned as to each.-Er,.

For Impaired Vitality

.--- A .

Echoes from Florida Alliances.
-By resolution, the Arcadia Alli
ance demands that members of our
Legislature shall not vote for men or
measures not in sympathy with the
farmers' interests.
-President R. F. Rogers, of the
State Alliance, has removed his family
from Live Oak to Lake City, the
change being made to give his children
better school advantages.
-The Alliance in Santa Rosa coun-
ty is opposed to the State quarantine
laws as unjust and oppressive to Pen-
sacola, and think the power to regulate
quarantine matters should be vested
in the Escambia County Board ot
-The Enola Alliance, of LaGrange,
held a most interesting meeting recent-
ly, and a large delegation from the
Titusville Alliance was present. These
exchanges of courtesies between Alli-
ances are productive of good results and
should be more frequent.
-The Chautauqua programme for
Mt. Dora this year assigns March 25th
t6 the farmers, and will be known as
"Alliance Day." Director J. P. De-
Pass, of the Florida Experiment Sta-
tion, and State Chemist N. Robinson
will deliver addresses, the latter being
devoted to phosphates,' a subject in
which our people are just now greatly
-The Tampa Daily Journal, in a
spirit of good humor, remarks that
while President R. F. Rogers of 'the
State Alliance is booming the affairs
of the order, his wife is running the
farm at home, and has just finished
putting in one hundred acres of oats.
The farmers should remove ."Uncle
Bob" and unanimously make Mrs.
Rogers president. No wonder, Rogers
is an advocate of (matrimonial) alli-
-By far, the most accurate, com-
prehensive and readable sketches of
the National Alliance Convention and
excursion in Florida have come from
the gifted peh of Mrs. Mildred Beryl
Brown, wife' of, editor Harry C.. Brown
of* the Southern Alliance Farmer at
Atlanta,.Ga. This cultured lady is
the daughter of ex-State Senator W. R.
Gorman, who was last year chairman
of the Judiciary Committee of the
Georgia State Alliance, and her de-
partment editorial work on her hus-
band's paper has served to make it
vastly mire popular in Alliance homes..
She i, a keen obsrr er-, a woman of
decided views, and what she ., rites is
never dull or superfluous, but practi-
cal :ard right to the point.
--There is a nimoemenit on loot to
di ideV ,he Farmers Alliance into fi \e
separate organizations, the Sub-Alli-
ai,ce, the County Alliance, the Dis-
tri:t Alliance, the State Alliance and
the National Alliance. All of these
dt visions exist except the District A.-
liance, and that can be iound in many
States, althl:ugh lew if any States are
thoroughly organized. Georgia is
nou, agitating the moveimteut, and if"
carried out she would hae ten District
Alliances. Florid.a can hate but two,
and it will not be a hard task to organ.
ize her Counts Alliances into District
Alliances. W'ho will start the ball in
motion and keep it moving?
-Bro. J. W. Smith calls a meeting

for Saturday of this week, at Micano-
py, to organize, a sub-Alliance in the
school house. Referring to the matter
the Tuskawilla News, of that place,
makes an appeal to the people inter-
ested to be present. This section, it
says, has had three or four sub-Alli-
ances in good working order, but by
some means interest was lost and we
think they were suspended. The con-
ditions are now different, as some ben-
efit can be had directly through the
Alliance Exchange and it behooves the
Alliancemen throughout this section
to thoroughly reorganize and place
themselves in a position to reap that
-The culture of tobacco is now at-
tracting the attention of Alliancemen
in Florida, and not a few are finding
it a profitable crop. The Florida Cen-
tral and Peninsular Railroad has done
much to help on the enterprise all
along the line of its road. The mem-
bers of the Alliance, says 'the Talla-
hassean, should call around at Mr..L.
C. Yaeger's and secure some of the;
choice tobacco seed which Mr. J. E.
Luten has placed there for free distri-
bution to Alliancemen.

Value of Personal Effort.
'The value of personal effort in the
Alliance, of having at least one go-
ahead, enterprising member, is sub-
stantially illustrated in the winning of
the first prize of $150 by Electra Al-
liance at Long Lake, in. Marion
county, at the State Alliance Exposi-
tion in Ocala, for best display of farm
products by any sub-Alliance in Flor-
The Ocala Banner emphatically as-
serts that "the honor and award was
merited by the Electra Alliance," and
to none is greater credit due than to
Rev. Mr. Parker, who was so bent on
his work that he got in ]Iis cart, visited
every member of the sub-Alliance,
gathered together the di-pl.nv of pro-
ducts and .carried them across the
river to Ocala, paying the ferriage
out of his pocket. The sturdy and
enthusiastic granger parson deserves a
gold medal. Such work as he did al-
ways counts and generally wins."
The same is true of the award rf.
a sewing machine special premium to
the lady commissioner furnishing the
best exhibit of needle and fancy w\ork
from one county, according to qu lit\,
quantity and arrangement. Every
visitor to the Alliance E\p,:-itucin was
confide-nt that Mrs. C. E. Dyke, of
T31, \ would hi,:nui Leon county)
by carrying off this prize. Early and
late, in seao:in and out ol season, with
a zeal that was unceasing, she devoted
her best energy ie; to the work. No
visitor who was attracted to the Leon
counts exhibit was slighted, but rather
went away charmed and instructed.

The Curse of Land Speculation.
Speculation in land-'w hat harm has
it done? \\'hat harm has it done? In
the first century of- our nation's life it
has scattered us out from sea to sea,
pushing men on into the wilderness,
into the forest and on. the plain, keep-
ing us a nation of pioneers, holding
the body of our people'against -the
inclemency, the rigors, the solitudes
of our land, when'we might have.been
living east of the Mississippi river, .or.

even east of the Alleghanies, in a state
of civilization so high that its actuality
would be a dreamer's vision. Specu-
lation in land! It has created vast
corporations and privileged classes.
It has created artificial scarcity of land,
air and water. It has opposed prog-
ress and enslaved labor by 'shutting
industry from nature's vast storehouse.
It has reduced wages, raised rents,
and made of thebody of the American
people tenants and mortgaged farmers.
It has created the tenement-house and
the settler's lonely cabin. It has put
a greater pressure upon a square mile
of earth in New York (290,000 to the
square mile) than in any other city in
the world, while half the site of the
city is vacant. It produces the North
End Rookery, with its over-crowding,
and the settler's shanty, with its lone-
liness and despair. It has bred vice
and crime in our city streets, and mad-
ness and brutality in the backwoods
and on the plain. It has scattered the
rural population, and piled business
men into fourteen story- buildings in
the city.
It makes coal high and the miners'
wages low. It holds a sword over
capital, and puts a fetter on the wrist
of labor. It produces colossal for-
tunes without toil, and supports giant
corporations t6 dominate our Legisla-
tures. It gives the many into the
hands of the few, produces the mil-
lionaires and the tramp, producing in
two generations the richest men the
world has ever seen. It builds hos-
pitals and denies justice. It has made
us a nation of landless and homeless
families, dependent upon the caprice,
the a; arice of a smaller class.

It is the -menace of our land this
day. It is a vast vampire, under
whose broodmg wings our .nation is
being robbed of its life-blood. It is
the curse of Italy, the death of Spain
and the outrage of Ireland. It forces
the emigrant from his native valley-
into competition with American labor.
It turns the crofter's cottage on, the
hills of Scotland into' sheep-sheds, and-
draws a river of gold from starving
It is a relic of feudalism. It possesses.
the old world, and we have permitted
it to come in andwork us shame and
tetircr. till today we stand facing it, as
Beowull faced the serpent. It is the
greatest heritage of evil transmitted,to
us outut the sinister past, and progress
vill co,,nsist in destroying it, as ;we
destroyed chattel slavery. Its aboli-
tlon w ill be the abolition of industrial
\V'h\? Because speculation in land
employs no labor, but stands in the
way oi labor. It is a sort of piracy.
it says to the manufacturer, farmer,
artisan, --Before you build, till' or
fashion you must pay me a tribute.
-I am C.Tesar, whose claims must be
met first.'"
It supports a plutocracy, as depend-
ent upon the labor of others as the
paupers in the aimshouses. -Arena.

Easy expectoration, increased power of the
lungaand the enjoyment of rest, are the re-
wards, upon taking Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup,
Woail c6nsumpilves
Cuts, burns, and all other wounds, can be
cured In a short time by the use of Salvation
Oil, LDe greateaL cure.on earth for pain. Price
25 eent.,



FEBRUARY 5, 1891]

I ..


The Demands.
The Alliance is the first farmers' or-
ganization that has seen fit to make
demands upon the legislatures, both
State and National, and the practice of
passing demands of the Alliance only
dates back to the Cleburne meeting of
the Farmers' State Alliance of Texas,
in 1886. Prior to that time the will
of the souvereigns of this republic had
always been made known to their ser-
vants, the office-holders, by means of
petitions in which language to this ef-
fect: "We your petitioners, humbly
pray," etc., had always been used.
But at Cleburne the Alliance said "We
demand," and at every meeting since
that eventful day both State and Na-
tional Alliances have reiterated the
stern command. They have shown.
by their acts-.that ,they intend to be
supplicant no longer.
This simple act on the part of the
Alliance has completely changed the
previous existing relations between the
members of the legislatures, both State
and National, and the farmers, because
it.was the custom which had grown
into a usage for the farmers to sign
resolutions and petitions as the most
glorious right of an American citizen
for the redress of his wrongs, and it
had also been a custom which had
grown into a usage for the office-holder
to ignore such petitions and resolutions.
completely. These two usages had
become so fully established that they
had the effect of law, the unavoid
able sequence of which was that the
office-holder was the one in power and
the people were governed to serve his
interests. The demands of the Alli-
ance have completely reversed this and
seek to establish the relatiotfs contem-
plated by those who participated in
the organization of this government in
It is true Wisdom for the farmers to
make these demands, and for the mem-r
bers of congress and the various State
legislatures upon which they are made,
to study well the new relations. The
questions for both to consider and
solve as speedily as possible is, do the
the farmers realize what they have
done? and, if so, do they mean it and
will they enforce their demands? If
they realize what they have done they
know that they have "crossed the
Rubicon;" that they have taken a step
Irom which they cannot recede; that
they have asserted themselves master,
aud that not to maintain that position
is to submit to a slavery dominated by
the office holder. If they have a full
and perfect realization of what they
have done, they know that in anchor-
ing their political future to their de-
mands they must sustain them at the
expenseof their old party fealty, should
that party fail or refuse to endorse
them, and in the event the party of
their choice does so fail or refuse their
effort to secure their just rights, each
will be compelled to choose between
his old party and his demands for a
new party-his party. That has not
yet come, but it must be acknowledged
that it is liable to come. This plain
statement of the truth should be care-
fully considered by the farmers mak-
ing demands and by the bosses who
make the. platforms for the political
parties. The farmers would much pre-
-.. .. ler that all -the parties would adopt

their demands, but there is an exploit-
ing class that are the chief contributors
of campaign funds in both parties that
will bitterly oppose any concessions
to the farmers, and it remains to be
seen which shall prevail. If the farm-
ers adopt the above conception of the
step they have taken, and mean it,
they will enforce their demands, by
each and every man of them taking an
active hand in politics personally at
the next election and securing the de-
feat of every representative they have
had that did not vote for and work
faithfully to secure laws in conformity
with their demands. If they mean it
that way-they will succeed; if they
don't, they will fail. Better a thou-
sand times to have never made a de-
mand than to make one and not have
the nerve to enforce it.
The demands recently made by the
National Farmers' Alliance and Indus-
trial Union show that they had a full
conception of the responsibilities, and
that they were cautiously making de-
mands that they intended to enforce.
-National Economist.
'. 4
Controlling Railroads.
One of our daily papers says that
the report by Attorney General Leese,
of Nebraska, setting forth whatare ap-
parently the two alternatives of rail.
road control for the future, is a power-
ful document. It presents a -strong
array of facts, and if some of the state
ments may-be objected to as trite they
are none the less true. He concedes
the claim that the owners of stock in
railroad corporations are entitled to a
fair return of the money they have in-
vested, but insists they .have no right
to any more than that. He then states
it as a notorious fact that in many in
stances the only money invested in the
railroad is that: derived from the sale
of bonds, the stock to an equal amount
being issued gratuitously to the share-
holders, who then want the people of
tne State to pay full dividends on it in
the shape of extortionate charges for
transportation. This is not only wrong
as a matter of equity, but in direct vi.
olation of the law, which provides
that the capital cannot exceed the
actual cost of the property and that
any ficticious increase ot capital stock
ot other indebtedness of ani such cor
portions shall be void. He says it is
admitted that the railroads in Nebraska
have outstanding stock to a large
amount that has not been issued for
money, labor or property, and the
several reports of these railroads show
dividends on all such stock. Vet it is
now proposed to bring those and other
lines under an automatic control for
the purpose of further increasing the
burdens of the people, making them
pay for larger dividends on this ficti-.
cious capital.
Mr. Leese thinks the only remedy
for all this is that the government
should assume the control and owner.
ship of all the railroads and begin by
taking -possession orthe Union Pacific
by foreclosing its lien upon that prop-
erty. There can be no question that
the last named act would be one o01
strict justice. The government has a
right to control the road in the inter-
ests of the people, and ought to do so,
because the transportation company is
ostensibly a servant of the public and.

. -. -*. -.

Charles Pratt-By far the largest
class of poor and idle people are those
who come to want through intemper-
ance. Next to drink, the greatest
cause of poverty Is the restless and
aimless character of many of our
young men They have been brought
ip to regard work as a punishment or
as a curse. Intemperance is the cause
of more poverty and trouble in our
city to day than all other causes com-
Edward McGlynn, D.D.-Poverty
is chiefly caused by injustice, and the
greatest injustice of our time is the de-
n al to men of their God given birth-
right of access to the land and its
natural opportunities.
John D. Rockfeller-Intemperance.
That is all. One word answers the
question fully.-Bakers' Helper.

The Silver Bill
The passage of a free coinage bill by
the Senate makes the silver question .
again prominent before the American-
people. Whether a free coinage meas- -
ure will be enacted this session of Con-
gress may be a matter of doubt, yet it-
is evident that the opinion is last gain-.
ing ground that the nation- would- be .
benefited by a larger coinage of silver.' _
Property is increasing in a more rapid

.-, '-

has committed itself to the responsi- themselves with trying to figure out
abilities of that position by receiving what causes poverty. But it is a good
important aid in such capacity. thing for the world that some people
After noticing the report our con- do concern themselves with the philos-
temporary comments as follows: The ophy of the things that surround them;
government has a moral as well as a and, in the long run, the world is bet-
legal right to see that all its citizens ter off for their research. Some time
are dealt with on equal and just terms, ago the Herald, of New York, sent to
but it could only obtain ownership of a number of thinking men-politi-
all the railroads by purchase or confis cians, poets, philosophers, merchants,
cation. To buy out all the lines in etc., this question: "What, in your
the country at the extravagant valua- opinion, is the chief cause of poverty
tion now fixed on them by their manip- in this country at the present time?"
ulators and the further appreciation From a long chapter of answers, the
that would be insisted on if there were Htelper culls a few and boils them down
a prospect of such legislation being for its readers. Whether accepted or
pushed through, could only be done by not, the replies are worth noting:
saddling on the people a far heavier Prof. W. G. Sumner, Yale-Fails
load than the one they are now carry-' to give an answer. "If we work
ing. It would mean the buying out of harder, learn more, save more, behave
the property at far more than its act ourselves better, we shall not abolish
ural worth and taxing the present as poverty, but we shall do our best,
well as future generations to pay the and'make the best of the world and.of
debt. It is not. difficult to fancy Jay our life in it."
Gould laughing in his sleeve at the Ignatius Donnelly-The lack of
prospect of the nation legalizing a vast property. The unequal and unfair
amount of problematical stuff now distribution of property, whereby those
held by him and others, and under-, -who create it obtain little of it, and
taking to turn into solid substance un- those who handle it'become possessed
told milli'-ns of dirty water that has of most of 'it.
been injected into the railroad system Chauncey Depew-Lack of
of the country. Yet this is what self-confidence. Many young men
would have to be done unless the are wanting in fixity of purpose. Rum
buyer insisted on cutting the purchase is the greatest cause of poverty; it is
-price in two, finder ,protest from the the cause of more poverty than all the
unwilling seller, or paying the bill in other causes put together.
fiat money. Either of- these two Prof. C. K. Adams, Cornell-In a
courses would be an act'so arbitrary country where liberty prevails, the.
and unfair as to deserve to rtrik only diligent and cap-ible, have the oppor-
with the policies of ..n uienligl-tned tunity of ri.ini, ab:.',: the i,:llerr and,
age. The first would be bold, :'open incapable. ,: \Where there is the
robbery, and as such hooted at by the largest liberty of individual -adtion,
whole civilized world; the second com there will be the largest inequalities-
mercial, suicide and' national bank- among men. Much of our
ruptiy. The farmers do hot want any legislation has tended in many ways to-.
such result as that, and therefore increase the opportunities of the rich
not indorse the advocacy of such an and to diminish the opportunities of
unwise policy, though made by a well- the poor.
meaning-friend. : Still it is only nat- Henry Clewes, banker D)rink;
ural that the threat of- a monopolistic that one word tells the chief cause of
cotrbinatior, should provoke an :atti- poverty at the present time in this
tude of reprisal against the railroad country.

. |



magnates, and evei lead sensible men
to propose measures ti-ar are indefer.-
sible. The Leese utterance is only one
of many which may be expected to be
provoked by the menace of a com-
bine to place the farming classes at its
mercy anid once more institute and en.
force the policy of making the tariff"
pay all it can bear.
Th.,e I14 s.'ern Rua/ olten wonders if
the comments of the daily papers
upon such questions is this are really
honest or made simply to fill space.
It this government concluded that it
would buy the railroads, it would nor
go into the market to buy wirnd. It
would not make an offer lor Jay
Gould's watered stock; and there
would not be the slightest necessity of
its doing so. The government can
wipe out of existence all this watered
stock as easily as a hand can be turned
over. It need only be provided that
roads shall be permitted to earn only
a reasonable profit on their actual
value, and away goes the watered
stock i'stern Rural.
Causes of Poverty.
The chief anxiety of most people
who are'troubled with poverty is -to
hold up their heads in spite o0 it"; for
the most part they do not concern


[FEBRUARi 5, 1891


ratio than the production of gold, will, I think be convinced that a tax
hence the diminishing quantity of gold on land values will be better for the
is an unfair measure of value for farmer than the present system of tax-
the increasing quantity of real ation."
property. The necessity of restoring Mr. G. Lloyd, writing from 142
silver to its proper place as currency Greene street, New York City, says:
uporna parity with gold is apparent. "Your article on a 'tax on industry'
The silver bill or free coinage bill was timely and to the point. The peo-
just passed by the Senate provides that pIe support the country by a tax on
the unit of value shall be the dollar of their homes, while the speculators get
412y, grains of silver, or of 25 8:1o the benefit of the increased value given
grains ,f solid gold, and that the same land by the improvement of property-
shall be legal tender for all debts, pub- adjacent. The only
lic and private; that owners of silver or way to stop land speculation is to tax
gold bullion may deposit the same at the value as fast as it increases and usg
any mint, to be coined into standard it for public purposes."
dollars or bars, except where the Miss Maude E. Snay, secretary of
deposit is less than $1oo, or is so base the Galion Single Tax Club, of Galion,
as to be unsuitable for the operations Ohio, writes:
of the mint; that certificates issued un- "We desire to express our approba-
der the act, and silver and gold cer- tion of an editorial occurring in the
tificates already issued, shall be receiv- Florida Agriculturist of December 10,
able for all taxes and dues to the in which objection is made to the dis
United States, and shall be a legal crimination by assessors in favor of
tender for the payment of all debts, land speculators as against land users:
public and private, and that the own. It is strange that in this age such atro
ers of bullion deposited for coinage cious evils can exist.
shall have the option to receive coin "We also wish to call your attention
or its equivalent in the certificates pro- to the subject of the 'single tax,' which
vided for in the act, and that such to the subject of the e tax,'which
bullion shall be subsequently coined. we are confident is the only natural
-American Cultivator, remedy for existing social evils. To
Aerican land monopoly principally do we at-
The Tax on Industry. tribute the grinding poverty that in
Som e ago we protested against this great, rich country -engulfs so
Some time ago we protested against many millions of people.
many millions of people.
Florida's present system of assessing "
young orange groves for taxation, i. e. "The removal of all taxes from the
we objected to an unproductive grove products of labor and the placing of a
being assessed at a higher rate than single tax on the value of land, would
wild land, for the reason that it cpe- induce the speculator either to put his
rated as a "tax on industry" and would land to use and thus employ idle labor-
r.:,-ld t.. a fry great extent the de- ers, or to let it pass into the hands of
vel.lernt .-.f the orange business, those who would use it."
It is a well known fact that orange The Nation committee of the Single
Tax League also commending our ef-
groves are a source of expense until forts to equalize the assessment of
they reach an age of say eight or ten property, and to stop the discrimina-
years, and the in-ustice of the system tion against the men who have the ena-
which. compels the owner to pay a terprise the m their belongings,
hi,,er ratr ol taxation than the man tps to mpr ether ns,
who ns and o the same character send us with request to -publish the
who ol the same character, .
but -who has not the enterprise to im petition to congress anent the subject
pro e it, is manifest. of a single tax.
pre it, is manifest. Our space prevents us from cornm-
Our editorial on the subject has [plyIn n li this request,, nor did we
called forth many letters from :he inteud to subscribe unreservedly to
State and out-of it, highly commenda- the .ingle tax doctrine of Henry
try :,f oui poi:,.i,..n. George. We do not object to the in-
Mr. H. Gi Seaer. o:f Flatbuth, N. crease ro the valuationn of orange
C., \rit'. ,,n tl,.. ,_bject, 5: r-, or other property when the ir.
"I note -our edi.t-rial objecting vig- trinsic value of the same shall ha~e
:roursl against rle discrininiation by actually-increased by reason of its be-
assc--i s i favor ol lard speculators coming productive and a source of
against land users. I heartily com revenue rather than expense.
mert y.:,.ur action." It may be argued that if this holds
Mr. Seaver then tells how the na. good with orange groves it must be
jority ol'our political par:y in his sec- applied to all irn iroivements on prop-
tion wa- changed into a majority for erty not vielding to the owner an in.
another by the adoption ol a --reform come or a profit. This phase of the
prrincaple in the assess-merit laws by matter Fartalles more of a National
the minority pararty. That is, a mere thai, Srate arid local character, and
eqluable plan of asse-_ing iniproLvd wve had no intention ol pressing tie
and urnimlr.-,ed property. r,,attri -:, falr. To adopt the single
On the same subject Mr. W L. t x ,stem, i. e. to le v all taxes and
Crosman, itrinlrg from the headquar 'o cllrect all revenues on land values,
ters of the New England Tarirl R- it would be necessary to corsidercon
form League, at Boston, says: comitant reforms and principles em-
**I see it reported that on Decem- bodied in Mr. George's single tax
ber io'th. your paper had an editorial plan. For instance if we derive our
headed, A Tax. on Industry, which entire revenue from a tax on land
vcr) properly objected to the discrim values, we niust abolish not only our
nation by assessors in lat or. c" land present system of protection, but also
speculators as against land ucers. I tie proposition of 'tariff lor revenue.,"
hope you will continue -the agitation, or tariff in any form, and also the in-
and [ call your attention to ternal tax on certain commodities,and
th .sijn~le. ta plan, You in fact cut off our revenue from all

sources except from a single tax on
land values.
While neither condemning or approv-
ing the single tax doctrine and in fact
not discussing the subject at all, and
declining to be drawn into a contro-
versy concerning its vices and virtues,
we demand of our State legislature
soon to assemble that its principles
so far as the assessment of young, un-
productive orange groves as wild land
be adopted.
In other words we demand that our
assessment laws be so changed that A
who owns forty acres of wild, unim-
proved land shall pay as much for the
maintenance of the government as B
who. ovns forty acres of young, un-
productive orange groves.
Our reasons for demanding this are
obvious :
First, to encourage B in his efforts
to develop and enrich the State.
Second, to discourage A from hold.
ing his lands and retarding develop-
Third, to encourage A to improve
his land' and enrich the county.
These are the three principal rea-
sons for demanding that the tax be
levied on land values instead of an
improvements. If A finds that he can
improve his property without increas-
ing his taxeg, the presumption is that
he will more readily do it than if he-
were compelled to pay additional
tax on the improvements. The State
would be benefited by the ultimate in-
crease ir, the value of the property
thus improved, which, when it be-
comes productive, would be sub.
ject to assessment for taxation as other
productive property.
There is an old law on our statute

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Dyspepsia, Constipation, Sick
Headache, Biliousness
And all diseases arising from a
Torpid Liver and Bad Digestion.
The natural result in good appetite
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Iysuar coated and eany to swallowi

Brilliant !

Durable I


Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength, Purity, and Fastneis. None other are
just as good. Beware of imitatios, because they are made of cheap and inferior materials
and give poor, weak, crocky colors. To be sure of success use only the DtIAso DVES
for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yarms, Carpets, Feathers, Ribbons, &c., &c. We warrant
them to color more goods, package for package, than any other dyes ever made, and to give
snore brilliant and durable colors.' Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.
Send postal for Dye Book,Sample Card, directions lor coloring Photos., making the finest Ink or Bluzng
(o cents a quartn, etc. Suold by Drugguut Address
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..r Gilding or Bronring ,1IA MOP," "'A! A Gold, Silver, Bronze,
Pancv Articles. U r nrnor. Only 10 Cents.

-Ma EEDS for vour Garden. PLANTS for your Lawn.
l-" 5 WHERE to get the-best Seeds and fresh ones? WHERE
ON h % to get the new Plants and good -ones? This must be decided. Which
14OLDEo of the new and famous are worthy, and which of the old are better, you
riov 6o0 R should know. We print an Illustrated Catalogue with Photo-Engravings,
w io Colored Plates, and REASONABLE descriptions. As to its completeness,
35 CT5. and FARM. Free. ws wio ffr three millertlons or VILPE. Is SEEDS, 83 kinds fbr St 0
Wit, (Ar 6ue. PLUTS. 9 great SpelaritS, $1.' ); FLOE SEEDS, 20 be2 t for 60 cil.: the three for $2.2,.
VAU HAN'M SEEDSTORE, 88 State St., Box 608, CHICACO.

- --,5.-
.. : .. : .-- 7_ ..
- .""- ; -- ,- "",'Yt'"-


FEBRUARY 5,1891]


books exempting from taxation land
planted in nurseries and young trees.
It also provided for the assessment of
a certain class of orange groves at a
value not exceeding what the, land
would be worth if planted in corn or
cotton. This law is inoperative. We
do not know that it has been repealed,
but it is unconstitutional because it
conflicts with the constitutional pro-
vision to the effect that all property
shall be equally taxed, except that
which is exempt, and the constitution
enumerates that which shall be ex.
empt, and "land planted in nursery
trees and young trees" is not in the list.
But we do not ask that the land be
exempt from taxation, but that it be
assessed the same as the wild land of .
the speculator until it becomes pro-
ductive. -Agriculturist.
A clergyman, after years of suffering from
that loathsome disease Oatarrh and vainly
trying every known remedy, at last found a
prescription which completely cured 'and
saved him from death. Any sufferer from this
dreadful disease sending a self-addressed
stamped envelope to Prof. J. A. Lan. r,-rn, 88
Warren street New York, will i-eci'e the
reei ne free of chare- -


All reasonable questions, coming from a atibjcri
her, wilt be answered as promptly as possible, and
without charge, if addressed to the editor at Lawtey.
Replies can not be given by mall
When are you going to give us the di-
mensions and proper style for a packing
for groves of 2,000 boxes? We are pa-
tiently waiting for it. C. G. ADAMS,
Sorrento, Fla.
We had forgotten that such a promise
was made. Will endeavor to give you
the desired article as soon as possible,
and, meantime, -we should be glad to hear
from our readers who have had experi-
ence in building such a house.
37. DORMANT BUDS. I have ten
thousand dormant buds on sour stock;
these stocks were six years old and cut
off at the ground after the March frost.
Three to five sprouts put up and in the
best is the bud. The present winter's
frost has caused most of their leaves to
tall. Please tell me how and when to
treat them. Is it best to cut off all but
the one containing bud? If so, top or lop
the one with bud? It has lost its leaves.
Also, when is proper time to use culti-
vators?-CORPORAL MURDOCK. Oxford,
You had better let them entirely alone
until nature has time to show you where
.the amputation is to be made. If this
warm weather continues, the line of de-
marcation between dead and living wood
will soon be plainly apparent. You may
start the cultivator about the last of Feb-
ruary and give the young trees a dressing
of some good commercial fertilizer, say
1,500 pounds per acre; or, it you prefer;
a rich compost, to help them to start and
make up for the lost wood.
M. Weeks, Starke, Fla. Write to Hal-
lock, the nurseryman, Queens, N. Y.
Please mention this paper.
39. BEAR GRASS. W.- Salisbury,
Merritt. The question as to the Sisal
hemp was answered two weeks ago. Let
us know if you did not get the paper.
Dr. J. V. Harris, in his special report to
the government on fiber plants, does not
mention bear grass as one c." them.
40. BEGGAR WEED. AIL-r .llow-
ing the first crop of beggar weed to seed
itself down, for how long can the after
crops be plowed under in a green state
or mown for' hay without losing the
plant?-T. S., Narcoossee.
We do not know of, any one who has
made this distinct test. It is usually al-
lowed to seed itself each year. Any an -
swer we might make would be only con-
jecture. Has any oneof our readers t rie,:.
the plan of mowing beggar weed for a
number of vears in succession?
B., Dade City. 'Tli pamphlet -iisu-d by
the Bradlev Fertilizer C('u-pn,- u. "Or-
anes ard Vegetaibles in FloridE,," will
be sent free:toany one on application, 27
Kilbi street. Boston. Mr. J. A.'H-arr
and F. C Bufi'urn spea:ik very binkl ol
this brand of fertilizer Irom actual use
of it. The p.imphleL is'very interesting.

Does This Interest You?
TIne '.iltcil.)n o" bhe readers of the FARMER
AM. F oRul-ilt a iEH I) iiEila eto I .-- is, Jv'r-
tl'enre, I Of 01 -g ,-,1i & Tnonmp,',n, ..f Birg-
hampton, NY.Y' Thi- firm iakii a 4pecaity
of i.- laiu ard gradeol i'tI ales Wrtae them
lor Illust iati-.J ire ular

When I say core I do not mean merely tost ip them
forar uns and tmon have toem rtmIn ar.,a. Fm. a
ra&cal care. I nave made ita d..ease 4:4 Fi73, EPI-
LKPSYor FALLING SICKN'ESSa lue-.l.uar udy. I
warrant my remedy to cure tha worst cases. Baunsea
other bhav lailed is DO reason for nQtL ow race. rang a
care. Send atoncs fi:.r a urernse and a Free.B:.nleInt
my infalible remedy. Give Erpresaand PoLt'Offce
a, GI, ROOT, M. C., 183 Peaf'rl-St1, N. Y-


Definite exchange offers inserted free. State what
you have and what you want.
Open to subscribers only.

A smill place. 11 acros, several hundreds
fruit trees, house, etc., on R. R M-blle to
New Orleans; for place of equal value in
Flori6a south of latitude 28. T. DE.OFF,
Pass Ch istiau, Miss it
Will exchange a four-acre bearing orange
grove and house for an improved plantation
near Tallabassee. P. Box 191, Orange City,
Fla It


To Insure Insertion in this column, advertise-
ment- must be accompanied by the money. o
Advertisements must not exceed ncfty words.
Postage Stamps received in payment.
Count everv word. includmu name and address.

Pekin Ducks, pair, three dollars; trio, five
dollars. iggs, twelve for one doll irs. Ply-
mouth Rock eggs, thirteen for one d liar. A.
F. SIYLES, Jacksonvlhle, Fla 2 5-2t,
Strawberries--Bessie, Alabama, Stevens.
lhe kinds to plant for profit in the South,
Grand Bay, Ala. 2-5-5t
For sale, 10,O00 sweet and sour seedlings
from six inches high 1o one inch in diameter.
Price, 2%c f. o. b. Dates and budded trees
for sale cheap. W. B. WALKER, Auburudale,
lla. 2-5-8t
SBnd us your orders for note paper, pens,
inks and all supplies. We will treat you
right. DaCosta Printing and Pub fishing
House, Jacksonville, Fla. *
Florida's Own Fragrant Tooth Powder, for
cleansing and preserving 'the te.eth. Try it
Price 25 cents. iend stamps or postal note.
Sold only by DR. PERRRINE, Dentist. Fer-
nandina, Fla. 2-5-8t
For sale-Twenty strawberry r.: 'i :er.t-ors
Address, G. H. ANDERaSON, Hibernri i- Il
Wanted-A good milker to look after Jersey
cattle, with white or boy to assist in milkini.
JOHN BRADFORD, Bradfordville, Leon Co.,
Fla. 2-5-St
For sale-A s-coend-band. eliht-b.,re
mounted engit-, in gc--..i .oraipn or,.-r.
EUREKA MACHINE \ ,-:RKS, iTillua:-e-,
Fla. 2..- [
Send us your or.der- for uo0- paper, .-ii,.
inks and all. -tupr,-i, \V nwit ii', Ir ,,u
right. DaCosta t'ii'ln~ eU'l Puia j'i,i.
House, Jackson t'lile, FI.
Eggs for lre uc.ii, -.fl per -i--,:r. Lno. nanr
Brown 1..-ri- ri Pi tmootB f-.-
ALBERT FP is,,-' Nicnoias. It
Guava tiees for sale-Large ki. 1.- red.
yellow, white, pink. etc., 'flesh. rH-'lilntic
from ver. -.--t 6 elected fruit.- Pri.-e, In .i
three feet, If,. rI t' o00: one to-two ifet i p -r
100, $40 .-r MAX FAwETr-. *-'-rturi,.
tla .. .. : i- t
Send i'',r I ,-. r-iirc on -irlrn -int -ic
cattle, oir it. n i r a i.rie iurrn -:.i Pr.-
of nedi, ine 1in,. n ive ..oris iI.. matil Ii u.yv
Oi.O Jtil 'g -.I I C. mp'iiii wiltb, I wii 1i:ulr'.-r
rot' tor lieni. it Ira- cur-:- .',iul e t'si ,Mie r ,
bLo inotera. X G. I tLu biaN. P'aiii;,
F 2-.

prlrnteid ,)le a&:,-Ot of ite Diam-,nd, \Vhl. :-
Grape tCnupany rfor Florida arei eltniir
%t rile ni- for ,,'-i "-ii t oimn i"'"r tin-yard
plai lr.- r(. a t oti ,l eMeiut. ofler-'d.
l-.?-tl E. DUBOIS, 'Iaian!assee, Fla.
-ll kinalf bo' h,,i>. bound ritd mruide as good
s uew Send to DaiCodta Printilng ad Pub-
l.bhini. House, Jacasonlle, Fl
VIN VAR D. I ill -ehnresban
V11( I N E YA- R"Dii ir a r.,eArIng oranoue
r,'-.a. my i:elebratedi Anjdius,a Vine.yar-,
,Onhlddred it? bc-tl vineyarrd In [he -:,utn. in
order to z%.e filt Ly Lim-.and atteanion 'o ine
irmpro, tr-nt ana ions:.jidrabite eelar-'ement
0)1 uV 'r,n Luis veieyard. r-. r)DUBi,[A.
1-2:-.'r rmilahabsee, Fla
All KIin. -1i,:s b:ok I-ouord and. made as cood
as nrw. S-elad to Dat'o'Ata PriutEng and Pun-
hIintig House, Jacu'ruville, Fla
For seieor exe-naoge or Nortnern property.
two oraunle gr,..\e' of fie-, ati:'e eacn, Snd
houseand lot; or will e-xt'tnel. f-'r orange
grove north 0of Orlanuo. J. E t.-,:.-R, PO' t
Tamnipa., l'la -2;-S
Be-ggar We,-d scdee, pnre and iree frrni chaff.
Quautity required per acre, I toe ihi.; .price
per pound. 2.e, ,1 pounds for '2.-dd lu rents
er pound ex-ra, if order Is -hippe.i by r-nal
P ace orders at once wltn ExcEL8atR rw ED
FARH, Jao. A. Germond, Manager, epukd,
Firh 1-';5
A'l kinds of hooks bound and mrode as eood
as rnrw .--u tjo DiC'ot a PriniLng and1 Pub-
lihung Hou-e, .Ja. uiqonl% ,lie, Fla
iMt'tartny .v rIes ujrdke beau iful, everereern,
iitoin-proof h13-sCA. Pi-irits and .ulinies for
sale. M. O)Nt. L., Fnirr-nk, Fla. --lt-tr
FOR -atL I_'UHtAP-i'll'l R're-a oi spln.tnld
fearnDe laud witrinlu firie Inille of .-et-on-
vtile. Tin' il,-. [ta- It rit ili's i in Ea-i Filor-
ida Addr,-ss Box 7i7. J.cksonrv.le: Fn.
Do 0o i nete- sliioiner'- of any kind-paper.
p-. a,.ld i, h? nd.1 P-.ufOF Lta PrintEing d
Pubhlthing House, JacksEonvlle,F'Pla- *

- I .

--t--:~5- -4- ~t~~iJat2r. -ie-~&.. A" "'-fl- ~ -
--- -. -~-s4~~~svs. ~' -~

Wanted-Cassava seed for Y4 acre. Give
price. P. C. BAKER, Emporia, Fla. 2-5-3t
Choice Gulf Mullet In one pound cans, $4 00
per ease of 4 doz. each, f. o. b. cars 0. B. R. R.
Address, Wm. A. WICKS, Seven Oaks P. 0.,
Fla. 2-5-8t
Send us your orders for note paper, pens,
inks, and all supplies We will treat you
right. DaCosta Printing and Publishing
House, Jacksonville, Fla. *
For sale. or exchange for mares. mules or
Li Conic, Kelfer or sand pear trees-young
gradie Jersey cows fresh with cal', or young
heifers. WM. B. SCHRADuR, Waverly Stock
farm, Tallahassee, Fla. First prize Ocals.
Bearing orange grove for sale cheap. For
particulars call on or add-ess B. A. BEMIS,
Oneco, Manatee county, Fla 1-29-4t
Repair your old family Bibles. Make them
good as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub-
li-hing House, Jacksonville, Fla. *
Specialty in Foreign Grape Vines Chas-
selas Luttichan, best mar et grape and by
weeks the earliest in Florida. Write for
catalogue. H. VON LTUTTICEHAU, Esrieton,
FLA. 10-26-18t
Tuberose Bulbs, double Pearl, good flower-
ing bulb,. free by mail, 40 rents per oz-n
H UGH BORLAND, Floral City, Fla. 1-29-1t
Repair your old family Bibles. Make them
good as new. DaPosta Printing and Pub-
lishing House, Jacksonville, Fla.
Wanted, the consent of 10 0tO smokers, to
send each, a sample lot of 150 i CKEL'
Cigars and a 20 year go'd filled Watch, by Ex-
press 0 0. D. i5.25 and allow examination.
HAVANA CIGAR Co., Winston, N. C. 1-29-8t
Wanted, situation as grove superintendent
by a married man who has had nine years ex-
perience Best ( f references from employers.
Address Box P, Citra, Fla. 1-29-2t
Repair your old family Bibles. Make them
good as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub-
tishmg House, Jacksonville, Fla. *
For sale, two lots and 7 room house, cheap
Address, Box 546, Jacksonville, Fla. 1-29-2t
Holstein Bull! (To avoid inbreeding) I will
sell my thoroughbred registered bull at a
bargain. ROBT. L LAMB, Runnymede Farm,
Ten Mile Bill P. 0., S. C 1-29-4t
Do you need printing of any kind? Send to
DaCos a Printing and Publishing House,
Jacksonville. Fla. *
For sale, Jersey Bull, full blooded, three
years old Thoroughly acclimated. Price
$100, or will exchange for budded orange
trees E. RESZ, Bridgeport, Fla 1-29-2t
Wanted, uemon and Grape Fruit seed. Ad-
dress, giving price, GRIFING & BRADLEY,
Macclenny, fla. 1-29-5t
Do you ne-d orint.uti ofanvkind? Sendto
[,',--.ti PriLtir,. and Publ shing House,
J ,. iK ,,nvtlTli ith *
\ t,'&"- A yo'-rire ru',u to work on dairy
['irn, aujl Ii, mia: wason In South Florida.
itl -bea ca'-able and ',-:.e't A steady job
aid u ur.- pay .%id lr-sC- W ,"' reo [FARMER
ANO FP.UIT ROWFR'.. 1-22-4t oe.-i printlluoti any kind? Sendto
L.'o-tii Priin'g atd Publishing House,
Jsackovlil t., Fll

"You press the


we do the rest.

Seven New Styles sad Sizes
.ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Filhs.
For sale by all Pholo. Stock Dealers. *
Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER. N. Y.



And Fuilding Material.


Hardwood Ashes

Rank at the head of the list for quality

And Take the Lead Everywhere.
They are obtained from mills manufacturing car and wagon timber, and where no other
fuel is used Ihan tne beast of nard woods. No other brand Is obtained from sources that In-
sure so uniform a quality. A Dollar invested in Diamond "iD" Hardwood Ashes will buy
more actual piant food than in any otner fertilizer oci the market.
That are the' outgrowth of experience are more convincing than mere theory based upon
chemical analysis 6r a printed formula, hence the grower wno has proven to hbl own saris-
fatilon that pure. unlesibed hardwood ashes will make a Ihrifty and produCLIve grove or
or,-bard on trnellgbtest soil, and ibat, too. for less money tban by any other menus, will tea-
tl'y to the meritsof his brand, for he will at once recognize in them the "strongest" ashes
he ever used. For prices, terms and other particulars, address,

Stookkbridge. Miclhign. .


McINTOSH, Marion County, Florida.


Lo-.ated on Orange Lake, the home of the native orange. Rich bigh hammock lands,
rising seventy-flve feet above the lake level. Flourishing orange groves. Prominent reg-
etbie shabipplng point. Well watered. Natural drainage. Railroad, telegraph, post office
snd school rar-lities Unirersally pronounced one of the very beat lo:atilons In the Star,.'.
An Inspection will satisfy the most critical. Inquiries may be addressed to

'Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight of Apples Pears, Cherries, Plum'Cur- .
.- culia prevented by spraying with thbe EXCELSIOR SPRAY A
PUMP. GRAPE and POTATO ROT prevented by using XCELSIOR S
fKNAPSACK SPRAYER: also injurious insects which infest
('urrant, Uooseberries, Raspberries and Strawberries. PERFECT
Catalogue showing all Injur ous insects to frulia mailed free. Large
B ',sock. of Fruit Trees, VL'qes and Berry Plants at Bottom Prices. 1-
dAress W STAHL. quiey, _luo1-r 7.

- --- ,- .- -- --..-

r -


OScts. a% forCCS

[FEBRUARY 5, 1891

Great. bargains in very desirable real estate.
Send for descrit motion and price. J.L. DERIEUX,
Lazeland, Polk county, Fla. 1-22-5t
For sale, four br eds of pit games, viz:
Shawlnecks, Belfast .Red, War Borse and
nrtst Champions. Winordietryiog. R B.
BuLL, Bradfdrdville, Fla. 1-22-4t
Wanted to exchange-Pure "Golden Wyan-
dottes" for White Wyandott-s, Plymouth
Rocks or White Leghorns. Address. Wx. C.
ANDRUSS, Archer, Fla 11-6*
Do you need stationery o' any kind-paper,
pensand ink? Sendto DaCosta Printing and
Publishing House, Jacksonville, Fla. *
TO B W PARTRIDGE, Monticello, Fla.
Do you need stationery of any kild -paper,
pens ind ink? Send to DaCosta Printing and
Publishing Hostp, 'ackonnvi'le. Fln. *



FEBRUARY 5, 1891]


O R j00DA$SPATCHf RO1 60. $60.
1 DAS ICiAli B1 CT Y *
I c S S-.. ....,

CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher.

Terms of Subscription:

For one year............................. $2 00
For six months ............................ 1 00
*G- Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the ex-
piration of the time paid for.
Rates of Advertising on application.
REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
Postal Note, Money Ortder, or Registered Let-,
ter, to order of
Jacksonville, Fla., XCLUSIVE DVALEX .
Of thq many device, that have been in -.rTE
vented for making farm fences, the picket and
wire ence is evidently now taking the lead;
and justly so from the fact that it can be built .AND SUPPLIE~8
cheaper than any other good fence, and will .
turn any kind of stook wiih perfect safety, 52% West Bay Street
and will stand longer without repairs than d ACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA.
any other fence now in use. The Garrett
Fence Machine is a simple device for weaving
the Combination Picket and Wire Fence to
to the rosts in Ithe field, or by it the weo can .
be made in a shed or building at. odd times .
and stretched up when it is convenientto do .
so. No farraer should build a fence until be.
has written to S. -H Garrett, Mansfield, 0,,
for catalogue of machi ,.e and wholesale prices ,
of wire, pickets, etc., direct from factory to .
, farmer.

13 Is.C -
IC 'i.

Premium Offer

THE ;'
IF' I- 40 E I ID A.
Dispatch, Farmer and Fruit-Grower
For one year anda copy of

Whitner's Gardening in Florida,
ALL FOR $2,00!

Whitner's Gardening in Florida is a
handsomely printed and bound book of
250 pages, being a comprehensive treatise
on the vegetable and tropical products of
' Florida, by Prof, J. N. XVhitner, A. M.
This-book is much sought after for its
. practical information.
$2.00 buys the book and our
paper for one year.
This is certainly a grand offer. Send
in orders at once.
C. \V. DACo(:TA.
JacKgonville, Fia.

EDG1 IN 1.-'.- MINpr ES
r'ne coming digger 11
will Pores uoe wnernmo
otLier anerr will work
It is the only pols hb lie
digcer that will enOrni
Stheuir ltaslf bvlOu'ring
4a pring lGet itruagen-?y
S,mr s"u r cuzi iy WriLa
*lu k. Ad.ile.s,
a 'OA2ti. .N BQ sLF MF-1 CO.
OPEN CLO 1i.rrin lel.l. Orl,.,

, 7


w rie. ullver auJd (oier s.'hirt li-,tl B;
Wi.lli- anrd BRrr.d Plymouth Rrji :, Light
Brahmir.; Wbhite. Sijvrer, UJo'deun d W. I
B. Poisn: .liver and Blaik Hambu-ge;
Brown and While Lognornm; Hoil.l'",: B. B
R-lI and PatGameh'. so iGes.)e,Ducks Ban-
ia :ins i_-luli ans in vrrlety.
I np.'e il .-" aC,cDr if'r the 'orn,tor Inuba-
tL, i rj b..o[ and cheap-a In In Ih-, ,:. rke.
A.J, re-sL, I.'. VI. PAINE.
Federal Poli.r, Fla

ubjrt o,.P EPA6MI1 are ist iestv troubled wlth
WRIS.r e i-ut rmcniy for thJs l Hib .iseb red
Bee.n 6,, y-r ii ,n and never falr. Otwervepatlout
lWl rhiktil t, ultmsL areB A thus avT6nKLmn 1t4l"

Cheap Substitute for glass on hot beds.
cold frames, etc. Three; grades, Light, Me-
dium, Heavy.

For Florists, Gardanersi To-
bacco Growers, etc.
Protects from frost, promoter hardy vigor-
ou growth. Will nut "hrink or mildew.

For sale by leading dry goods houses, seeds-
men, florists, etc. For circulars and sampler
27 South St., New York, N. Y.
Agents wanted.
Also waterproof covers from 2Y cents per
quaree foot. / I

The introducerofthe great and good
Plarker *;arl StrawbErr,'
Brillmast -
toamipbelv G R A E S.
Kermam Jaeger I 1
Will mail his valuable catalogue of tried
Southern fruits free. Address,
,T. V. MUNSON, Denison, Texas.
Pleasetniention this paper. 1 41-4


3T T $35.
F1T3" DeUvared at y-mar RR Station and ample time for
budding and testing allowed before acceptance.
OSGOOD & THOMPSON, Binghamton, N. r.


*f H 'oig i bay a
Sr a h rii p IIFO
ro1L bray'uy bO L wnh
O-r Caiat'._se I weary.: rplas re a ll fPrm se,. I iiel. FREE.

Ani Patent IngtLon., D C No otty's Ntr
u1lh Pfrienl.oDIlaned. Wilte ior.jnvenlor'a
Q ule


Earliest, Hardiest, EED
Most Productive

OFFER NO. 6.==
Earliest and best pea ever offered. Finest flavored.
SUREHEAD CABBACE. Surest headingvaxr-
iety,excellen quality. W. Khne of Kokamo, Ind..
says Surehead exceeds anything I ever saw in thq
cabb ae line. Out of some 100 pants not one failed to
to make aflnesolidhead. CREEN AND COLD
WATERMELON. Earliest large melon: fle a
rich goldencolor and delicious flavor. CARMINE
RADISH. AhsndsomeLextra early variety, often
pro ucingradishes in 20 days. Test Northern
Crown Seeds and be convinced that they are
superior to all others. We will send a large package
each of the above named varieties and the FinesL
Illustrated Caalogue ever published, onreceipt of 20cts
FLOWER SEEDS FREE. Rcvery Person sending
silver, mentioning this paper and number of offer
will receive extra one package each of tlih following
seeds: IPOXEA, the most wonderful climber ever
introduced, grows to alhight of 20 ors0 feet, andpro-
tlces hundreds of pure hilte blossoms. EKFOR
SWEET PEAS, introduced by Chas. Eckford of Eng-
land, who has sent years perfecting this beautiful
flower. ]WAY'S OAtALOGVE, the most complete
ever published, over 00 Illustrations arid colored
plate of Dadem Roses. MIARKET GARDEN-
E S wnll dowel to send for our wholesale
price-list, mailed '] 'EiE.L on ap-
p ncation. iL L. MAY & CO.,
Aedst en and Flo-ists. St. Paul, M'nn.

5i.' tos.DnIAR r. O^ l5l *tOaeAeepHr ESss f.44i
=1.11? 00fi111 TltEAr3TC-3eefies W n SeW,.
^ise t,.,i yr ,,.'e COf atrs -ai F.,rsir. (.eoswiea. !rliie also).
5emTpalanll'witRbr-m.tif Klih~niBd ciw~ft Ehu8T>sJ .s."oni tree.
balsa IS~nE if~ltOAL 0. GG EUPPALO. N.. V.
KrIMl eF
Ed IO Q.MEd O F.

D. M. F r & Co'ts
Illustrated, Deacripuse and Priced
For 1891 will be mailed FREE
to all appllcant. and to last season'r
customers. It is better them ver.
Every perveo us.g Garden,
F u,,r cr Field Stdsad,
should send for it. Address
seLuigst Seedaeti In the world

The Garrett Picket & Wire Fence Machine
SWeave.tOtheposts. A onl-
eresal fuvurie. Throlusands
Sin use.earanted eight
paid. Agents ase rarfort-
i, lg. saies. MaWich ne.
S' re etc.. at whoie-ale
Sdire d Irom factory to
ramerhe r. I havo rno
| .1, !a&ent. CatalogBjlrc-. Al-
Sar e3s hT. m oiilaclurer, .

-,;2, -'-





0o e

WE M Ej1L4L.

Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak
Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation Hall Stands,
S, Bed-Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattani
.9 Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
NOD 4 tyles.
42 .WA

Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and
Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and IBrackets.
Hotels, Boardino- Houses, ShiDs, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.
SW When writing, please mention this paper.


Jacksonville, Florida.
Dealers in and Manufacturers of. High Grade Fertilizers.
Orange Tree and Truck Fertilizers. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers.
All Gorades of Fertilizer Materials on Hand at Lowest Market Pricew.

We manufacture all our own ? oods at South'Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made from the best materials.
We have rece tly purchased the factory and good .will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando, Fla
J. ALEX. LITTLE, Secretary an i Treasurer,


iradley's Vegetable Fertilizer,
11 Fish and Potash.

"L Dry Ground Bone.


Bradley's Orange Tree Fertilizer
1" Bone and Potash.
Pare Fine Gronnd Bone
Sulphate of Potash,

tobaccoo Fertilizer, Sea Fowl Guano, Patent SuperLihosphate ol
Lime, Muriate of Potash, Nitrate of Soda, Kainit, &c.

Branch Office, .AUGUSTA, GA
W. J. POLLARD, Gen'I Manager. OSCAR H. lOLAN, Fla. Salesman.
S.- Correspondence Solicited.



G. L. TABER, Proprietor, Glen St. Mary, Fla.
.250.000o Trees, 200 Varieties. All home grown. It will pay you to
write to us before purchasing elsewhere. Send for catalogue and price list.
Special prices on large lots.

Jennlgfs Nursery (o., rThomas.a
ville, Georgia.

leg :U. S. SIadard
T Bll ente triall= Freightpnid

.-0SGOOD &T!IOMPSON, Binghamton, N.Y
: -- i .; -7 -- .

These cuttings are all from bearing vines.
All orders must be In bf December 1, 1890
82.50per'1,000. Orders of 10,0;0 and.up-
wards, 25 per cent. discount.-
S'.ate agents rifr the sale or NIAGARA
and GREEN-.MOUNTAIN grape vines.
Plobeers of Grape Cultire In South Florida, -
%ox 4W- Orlando, Fl'

The No. 8Cuiaway, 4-reel wide, at $1S 50: cash with
order. Full stock lu warehouse. Send for circular.
E. S. BOBBARI., State Agentr
Federal Point. la
young Ineon and boys. Fur II'd CIu.Slogue,
addiess, Staunton. Military Academy, Staua-
ton, Va.

I ''i, e.fler wit 1i Prs y rm ni i1 i hi, Lr.rrl,ile
loahb-,ione di-esse and ds,.i.. o. ge-t cured
pronpil.,'. permaneninly aud rh-ap y, use
Turli-n Electric OInrmnni. Ininidiate re-
lieri A.'lion,co'll and O".uiIiiIIn It 1- lbeon-y
remely in tibewolid and cuie-lpeworstcases
In exsiencP. etl b) mnil ,n receip AI one
dollar -no ir-e samr-les. W\. me on business
i Don'1 hesitate, but r. mla at ouce, and addie-s
tiainiv, TURKISH PHARMAC'Y ., Albion,
65,000o Very choice Niagara grape roots
100,000 Five-bud cutting, of Niagara
IOO,0OO grape for -al c behp. -
Both rromrr old biarlrg vine well muatired -a
wood aud warranted i rue 1o nacite.
I c n locale a few very bomE--
steads in South Florida.
O. I. P GE, -
1-2'1-* A uburudale, Pol C .., Fla.

S* e Safe d e. 6ed4o. fa, WM&i','S.A,5- 1
QARD." W.- cox Spoel Co., P"h.- ., P.,

: .. __ -1: -, 2!,.





[FEBRUARY 5, 1891



FEBRUARY 5, 1891]


The Clyde Steamship Co.


New York, Charleston and Florida Lines.

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed
to sail as follows:

From New York,
(Pier 29, E. B.)

Friday, Dec.
Monday, Dec.
Wednesday, Dec.
Friday, Jan.
Monday. Jan.
Wednesday, Jan.
Friday, Jan.
Monday, Jan.
Wednesday. Jan.
Friday, Jan.
Monday, Jan.
Wednesday, Jan.
Friday Jan.
Monday, Jan.
Wednesday, Jan.
Friday, Jan.

S3 E.1 MER,

26th, at 3 P. M. ."CHEROKEE".. Thursday,
29th, at 3 P. M. ."SEMINOLE"... Sunday,
31st at 3 P.M. ."IROQUOIS" Tuesday,
2d, at 8 P. .*' ALGONQUIN" Thu sday,
5th, at 3 P.M. ."YEMASSEE". Sunday,
7ta, at 3 P. M. .."CHEROKEE".. Tuesday,
9th, at 3 P. M. .."SEMINOLE".. Thursday,
12th, at 3 P.M. ..."IROQUOIS" "ndav,
14th, at 3 P. M..*"ALGONQUIN" ay,
16th, at 3 P. m. .."YEMASSEE".. Thursday,
19th, at 8 P... ."CHEROKEE".. Sunday,
21st, at 8 P. M. .."SEMINOLE"... Tuesday,
23d, at 3 P. M. .."IROQU' ,IS".... Thursday,
26th, at 3 P. .* 'ALGONQUIN" Sunday,
28th, at 3 P. ."YEMASSEE".. Tuesday,
30th, at 8 P. M. .."CHEROKEE,".. Thursday,

From Jacknouiville,
Flor da.
Jan. 1st, at 8:00 A. M.
Jan. 4tb, at 10 A. M.
Jan. 6th, at 12 Noon.
Jan. 8th, at 1:30 p.X.
Jan. llth, at 4:00A M.
Jan. 13th, at 6:00A.M.
Jan. 15th, at 8:00 A. M.
an. 18th, at 11:00A.XM.
an. 20th, at 12 Noon.
Jan. 22d, at 1:80 P.M
Jan. 25th, at 4:00 A. X.
Jan. 27th, at 6:'0 A. X.
Jan. 29th, at 7A. M..
Feb. 1st, at 9:OOA M
Feb. 3d, at 11:00 A.M.
Feb. 5th, at 12 Noon.

St. Johns River Line.

For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St.
Johns River.
Th! Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers
0 7i 7' 3A 0 2-S 0- ST -7-I : E,"
Capt. W. A. SHAiW,

Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr.
Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at 8:80 p m and from
Sanford, daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m.

Bead Down. Read Up.
Leave 8:30 .. .............. .... ...Jacksonville .....................Arrive 11:45 P. x.
8.0 M .............................Pal tka ........... ............Leave 7:00 P. M.
1:30 A. M ........... .................. Astor ............. .......... 2:00 P M.
2:45 A. X.......................... St. Francis ........................ 12:45 P. M.
5:00 A. M .. ........................... Beresford .......................... 11:45 A. M.
6:CO A. M ....................... ..Blue Springs ....................... 11:00 A, M
Arrive 800 A, M ...............: .......... ..Sanford... ... .................. 9:00 A. X.
9:15A.M ................... .Enterprise........... .............. 9:0 A. M.
Also Steamer EvnEGLADB (freight only) from Jacksonville for Astor Mondays, Wednes-
days and Fridays at 6 P. M. Returning, leave Astor Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays
at 10 A. M. .
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay Street.
F. 1M. IRONMifONGER. Jr., Fla. Pass. Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla
W. F. OG EN FA.Y, Traveling Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
J. 0. PELOT, Frt. Agt., on wharf, foot Hogan St., Jacksonville, Fla.,
JOHls L. HOW ARD, Fla. Frt. AgAnt, foot Laura St., Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Supt., foot Laura St., Jacksonville, Fla.
l71ARSHAL H. CLYDE, Asst. Traffic Manager. 5 Bowling Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGED, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, N. Y.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
1I South Wharves, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, N. f.

Williams & Clark Fertilizer Co.,


Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds St., Auousta, Ga
C. D. DUNCAN, Florida Salesman.

Americus Oranve Tree Fertilizer,
Americus Oranve Tree, No. 2,
Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate,
Americus Pure Bone Meal. Americus -Bone and Potash,
Americus Strawberry Fertilizer,
Americus Su'nhate of Potash,-
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer.
BBrEERmoas: C. F. Winton, Mandarin, Fla- ; Dr. H. Knight, Belleview, Fla.; M. E.
Wilson. Clermont, Fla.; M. P. Godfrey Minneola, Fla.
Address all correspondence to WiL.IAIfiS-F& CLARK FERTILIZER CO,.
Augusta, la.

A -

J. E. Tygert d& Co.'s NITRATE
Star Brand Fertilizers iURIATE OF
Comprising SULPHATE
Orange Tree and Vegetable SULPHATE
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.


with practical hints to beg""ers, Is worth sending for. It con.tainsvaluable information to
all. with a list of all the choicest varieties of the citrus family grown. Peaches,
Pears, Plums, Apricots, Persimmons, Grapes and other fruit adapted to the
climate of Florida. Our stock is grown on high pine land and is one of the nest andlar-
Every me ahonld have our catalogue. Free on application. Just send your name ftor one
~~~ ~ c..v w ~ r nf n ntl .ra< 'w ir


Tropical and Subtropical.
LargeStok! Oheoe varieties I True Naming!
S Liberal Deling!
W.G. TOUSEY, Prop'r,
Send for Catalogue.

-4- .- -



Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Phila-
delphia, and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70o hours.

Ocean Steamship Company.
(Central or 90 Meridian Time)
Passage Rates:
Be ween Jacksonville and New York: 1st class, 825.60; Intermediate, 819.00; Excursion, 848.50
Steerage, $12.50.
Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, 827.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion,847.30; Steerage,;14.25
THE Magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
r-Central or 900 Meridian Time.]
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Catharlne............................. Monday, Feb. 2- 11.00 a m
TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher............................. ...Wednesday, 4- 1.00 p m
KANSAS CITYCapt. Kempton ................................. Friday, 6- 3.3p m
CHATTAHOOOHEE, Capt. Daggett ......................Saturday, 7- 4.00 pm
NACOOCHEE, Capt Smith .............. ... Monday, 9- 600p m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg............. ..... ..... Wednesday, 11- 7.00 p m
CITY OF AUGUST k, Capt Catharine ............ .............. Friday, 13- 9.00 a in
TALL HASSEE Capt. Fisher .................................. Saturday, 14-10.00 a m
KANSAS CITY, apt. Kempton ......... .................. .......Monday, 16- 12 m
CHATTAHOOCOEE. Capt. Daggett........................... Wednesday, 18- 200 pm
NACOOCHEE, Capt. Smith .................... ................ ........ Friday, 2-- 4.00p m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt..Burg ..................... .. Saturday, 21- 4,80 p m
CITY OF AUGUST.*, apt, Catharine .......................... Monday, 28- 6.00p m
TALLAHASSEE,- Capt.FISher. .............. Wednesday, 25-- 6.30 pam
KANSAS CITY,Capt. Kempton .....................................Friday, 27- 8.00 a m
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Daggett........................ Saturday, 28- 7.03 p m
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis.....................................Tuesday, Feb. 8- 12 m
GATE CITY, Capt. Doane............................. .... Saturday, 7- 4.00 p m
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Googins ..........................Wednesday, 11- 6 80 p m
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis .................................Sunday, 15- 10 0) am
GATE CITY, Capt. Doane................ ................Thursday, 19- 2.0 p m
CITY Ow SAVANNAH Capt Googins ...................... Monday, 23- 6.30p m
CITY OF MACON, Capi. Lewis ................ ..... ......... ........Friday, 27- 7.80pm
(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)
DESSOUG, Capt. Askins ......................_.......-.Wednesday. Feb. 4- 12130 p m
DESSOUG,'Capt. Askins .....................................Saturday, 14-- 930a m
DESSOUG, Capt. Askins ........... ........... ..........Tuesday, 24- 5.30 p m
Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line) offer
to-the Traveling Public snd Shippers advnlatges equalled by no other ll1n.
ThroughiTickets and Bills of Lading issued to plrnclpal points Northb East and Northwest
via Savanuab. For Lnifoiation and roonie apply 1o
J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN, Soliciting Agent
71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street, Jacksonvhle.
R. L..WALKER, Agent C. G. ANDERSON, Agent;
New Pier No. 85, North kiver, New York. City Exchange Building, Savanna6, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.
W. L. JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav.. Fla. & Western By. Co., 261 Broadway, N. Y
G. M. SORREL, Gen. MFanager. W. E ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Agt., Jacksonville, FIl
For Tickets apply to S F. & W. Railway office.

W u ..T .T A M1 .LA. "O L

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers


flay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran,Wheat, Grits, Meal,
COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark.


[FEBRUARY 5, 1891


Blood and Bone, Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,
Pure Fine Ground Bone, Linseed Meal,
_Animal Bone and Potash, Tobacco Stems,
Blood, Bone aird Potash, Canada IHiard-wood Ashes,
Chicacoo Bone Meal, Sulphate of Potash, &c.
orange Tree FoodI, earning Trees.
Orange Tree Poca1, "YoungX Trees.
T Veget a'ble 3-nd =PotEto CA-rowrer.
G-EO. E. WILSON, Gen'l Aot., QQ W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
lilwaukee-Florida Orange Company. --Manufactured by the-
CHOICEST Strains of Distinctive Varieties of Citrus Frlit Trees a specialty. Our stock H. a. arling Ferilizer Company, Pawl ticket, I.
a large and complete. Prompt attention to correspondence. For catalogue and price II Southern Offices and Warehouses, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
address A. L. DUNCAN. Manager. Dunedin. Fl.". V. H. MA OMlBid.t, General Sales'Agent, Bostwick Building.
Ouxr Fertilizers have given Universal Satisft.ction the past season. Send tur Catalogue,
giving prices, and testimonials from some of the leading growers.
SORANG (_ "1891. Home Grown, Honest,Reliable.
R NG I offer you my Vegetable and Flower Seed' Catalogue for
89io FREE. Note the immense variety of seed it con-
0-. *0 Ctains, and that all the best novelties are there. Not
44 much mere show about it (you don't plant pictures)
A b- ut fine engravings from photographs of scores of the
choice vegetables I have introduced. Would ithot
O *bewell to get the seed of these from first hands? Tobe the
V A p Cite M e oldest firm in the United States.making mail and express
A pe ial, Complete Manure*. business a specialty pves reliability. Honest and hon-
orable dealing is the only foundation this can rest on. My Cata-
og ue is FREE as usual. A matter on second page of cover will
interest my customers. J. J.IH. GREGORY & SON, Marblehead, Mass.
For Orange Trees, Youngtnd Ohd, Fruit Trees,-ad Smiall Frauits, -0ne c r 10891
- Prodiucing a Healthy, Vigrous Growih and Bright, Firm Fruit JOIN TIE
That" HoIds on Until it is Picked. .M.ES. IN TTV ES T"H/ iv 1 I' .- "
AX THE PLANT WILL YEE YOU." Building and Loan Association,
O lUenI ile reiear.b, veri'led by practical experiment, have enabled us to'determine the And O-wn a Rome.
most tablee form o"' plant food to produce not only sweet fruit (the most salable', but also
healthy wood.. The terms of this Association have never been equalled in Florida. It offers terms that
We claim that our ORANGE GROWER-returns to the soil in suitable form and in proper should enable every man to, instead of paying tent to a landlord, have same sum pay for
time those constituents which fruits abstract, and will give larger yield, by stimulating same property in a few years It offers beat terms to
a vigorous condition of the entire plant. Our ORANGE GROWER supplies the required S o A UOB GfAGE.
elements of plant food and in sui' able' totms. A T
Exbe. lence has proven that Potash is best'adapted to the orange tree, and our ORANGE Write, for particulars, to the above named Association
GROWiERcontantains-the largest amount, principally in the form of sulphate. The Bone 5 Everett Block, Jacksonville, Fla.
used istfetiq[ckly .available t ha n1ib. raw bone, 'being carefully dissolved, hence more
readifflrtaiken by the roots of th tree. 'Many failures are recorded with the bone, and we are PEC ANS.
led to believe that the soil of Florida has not the power to dissolve bone and make plant PE ANS .
food of it, which heavier soil possesses. We have aimed to put it in the right form to yield Large nuts for seed. Also, pecan trees
up its plant food gradually through the seasih. ready for the grove
,It s an unquestiofiable fact, admitted by all, that the growth of 'an orange t:ee is the .Lar'e Paper-shell _Pecans mly
labor of many years and we can not afford to wait a whole season for the bone to be rendered
soluble. On the other aand, the trees should not be forced by stimulants, like fish, guano, PIAN Pecan nuts, pecaou.
cottonseed meal, which, being rich in ammonia, are consequently too forcing. Experience trees, $1 e pr pound; oneyear-old
hasfurther demonstrated the wisdom of frequent applications of fertilizers, especially on UNEOUALLED IN W. R. STUART
lighter lands, say two or three times a year, in January, February or March and in June and 12-25-2t Ocean Springs, diss.
July. It should be scattered broadcast around the trees, a little way from the trunk, and as Tone, Touch, Workman 1hip T Durability
far out as the branches extend, and should be worked lightly in the soil. About one-half '
pound should be applied to young trees wlidn first set out, working thoroughly into the soil, Bltiwore, 22and24 East Baltimore Street.
that it may not come in contact with the tender roots. Another half-pound should be scat- Washington, 817 Matket Space.
tered around the tree, after it is set out, on the surface, and raked in. : -
Older trees should be treated as follows: Two pounds for second year, three pounds for ,
third year, increasing the quantity a pound a year entil the tree is ten years old. A full
bearing grove should have from 1,200 to 2,000 pounds per acre. PIANO
Send for pamphlet and prices, and all other information to O F 'ER
A. M. BOND, General Agent, ORGAN OFFER
BOWKER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla. Buor Oewber and pay when
crops are sold. Spot Cash A D -M N
JPrices. The Lowest known. BED OF
NORTHERJustalittlecashdown,alane BREEDER OF
Decemberl8th. No interest. .-
SUSALZER' CROWN Rour entire ,tooesbkny a
AREo THE BEST CROWN Our ente BsoeSTs- So.Iden, White and Silver Wyandottes,
L oUMER f Plymouth Rocks, c. Leghorns
lA U D C L I M E 5. S E D Write for'Circular- AEev .,
-8Mht tiLB[ S atsIit |.*UALE SUMMEROFFrR 189 and Pekin Ducks.
1orp89 CS frormacre 0 soweleFreetedstock ,attimes.
.B o .l "'^.' v,,^, ,d. ,L ,1890 LUDDEN& BATES, o .e jooi..eelee. .oe a..
Cgl., s or 6seta Noei Cho ee Fowls at reasotnsble prices. -
MBr.7dAtoadn *am r.SAANNAH CA. rThe Three-Dollar Bone and'Shell Mill and
ID Tril-ape EaVepbl;,edsp P'-ACME the ne l il Poultry Clover Cutter. Prairie State Inon- -I
16 pegs. Elegatower Seed. poed, ,Ie. dE"'ene a'ib. S.C .. L, .... bat&and-K-r Circulars free.
J Vi CURRANLT il i" A fl-='IL 1 _
----- HAD~~flhRTrRS b' chartered by the Legislature of Virgi'nia, rnd |1UF'jqq l 1 Ud I l1
t dng e fo h a "" odg t noro .ercv e, d e o e I
< BE T & C RAT G Wp.- .fipiirrn&inf Eitizensofthecitywhere located. evermanyoungide-gd
NEW RAPJMBES br swCoa eEate.S RoyerlloueNe>lQd Sma i torcataloguecircularsandtestimonialsaddress andol;poetage paid. Address ".
r oe ree.- ORO. 'OSSELYN. FREDOMUIA..Y. I. GCDUNSMOR, President, Staunton, Va. ut,31Colambuve..Bostona.
br ekwoj.Eae.oeriSfoh. 1SELNe 38ld1mB-


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