Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Material Information

Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Florida dispatch farmer & fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Florida dispatch farmer and fruit grower
Alternate Title:
Farmer's alliance
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville, Fla.
Chas. W. DaCosta,
Chas. W. DaCosta
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 33 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


General Note:
"Farmers alliance semi-tropical magazine consolidated January, 1889."
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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Resource Identifier:
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orange Trees budded in variety on sweet and
sour stocks a lot of large lemon trees for sale cheap.
4,000 Tangerine and Mandarin trends at low figures.
Peen-to, Honey, Bidwell's Early andLate Peach
trees at greatly reduced prices. Japan Chestnuts,
Japan Persimmons, Loquaw, Pecan Nuts, Kelsey
lums, Botan Plums, LeConte and Kelfer Pear trees,
Grape Vines. h -
It will pay you to send for prices and state quantity

Pure Hop Yeast
And take no other Brand.
The only Yeast Cake.that can be had
Small orders filled promptly.
W F. KOON, Manufaeturer,

K .J Our Twelfth Year of


PersimmonD. Maammorh Chesnut, Walnut,
S-ee-dJiis Orane-. Plum, Loquat trees
and ceeds, Bambo.:., Palms, Conifers,
Send for catalogue and circular. Address,
P.'O. B.ox 1,51i. San Francisco, Cal.
Wholesale Commission Dealer in
19-2 Duane St., New York.
..Refers to Irving Nalional Bank, North
.-..River Bank, and to all Mercantile Agencies.

l n L i R r Elva 1 O.
Third',eition (revised, of the Brevard
County Fia pamphlet- 1890, now ready.
Descripltwe of the Indian River country, its
climate-tealth and settlements, 76 pages with
maps. Free to applicants enclosing two cent
stamp. A. L. HATCH.
City Point, Fla.


know as the Larigley-Times Mailer, in
excellent -condition, can be had at.a very
. Ap4lply to- .
S C. W. DACOSTA, Publisher,
'" "Jacksonville, Fla.

Jaeksonvllge, Fla., Thursday, May 22, 1890.

THn VINEYARD -Grapes in South Florida; Grape Growing in Waldo; .... ...... 387.
The Grapes that do not Grow at Waldo; Grape Growing in General; : 388
GROVE AND ORCHARD-Florida Fruits in the West; .. ... 888
Electricity and Pear Blight; LeConte Perry; The Tangpa; Pruning to Baffle Jack Frost; 389
FARMER AND TRUCKER-The Cloud Strawberry; Farming on the Keys; Rice and RiBtclls; A Pos-
sibility in Rushes; Sisal Fiber; ., .. 0
Georgia Strawberries and Peaches; Not all Golden in California; The Loomis Factory; 100
Acres in Rice; Perfume Making in Florida; . 391
SUGAR AND TOBACCO-Varieties of Cane; Tobacco in Gadsden County; Curing- all Important;
Will Help the Planters; ". .3 92
New York Markets; 9..... . ..... 892
POULTRY AND APIARY-Poultry Notes; Poultry Manure-A Query; Bees on the East Coast; Or-
ange Honey at Citra; Putting in Starters; .... .; 393
EDrroaAn-Notes; Publications Received; Orange; Tariff Committee Fund; The Florida Fruit
Exchange; Proceedings of the Florida Fruit Exchange;. . . 3.94
Questions and Replies; . 95
Our RRAL HOM-Helpful Hints Wanted; Beer Again; Valuable Suggestions; Tested Recipes;
Hints to Housekeepers; 396
ORNAENTAI, HORTiOUI.TURE-Petunias; Southern Floriculture; Petunias; A!First Prize Gladiolus;
Aristolochia Indica; .: 897
THE FARMERS AL.ulAtc-Deolaration of Purposes; Notice to] the Farmers Alliances; Grover
Cleveland to the Farmers; Overproduction Controversy;- -. 898
The "Overproduction" Theory a Fraud; Finance and Labor No.-l; . 399
Objections and Objectors; Letter from Ocklocknee; Constitutional; Another Enemy; Grandma
is Sick; .. 00
Editorial Correspondence; Alabama; Will be There; Farmers' Alliance Directory; 401
Tne Bone and Sinew of Georgia Back their Alliance Leader; 402
MIscELLANY-Railroads Responsible; Stirred up Over Rates; Rose Notes; Agave-Century Plant
-American Aloe .... ... 402
Honey Receipts; 403

factory rice in Brooklyn N. Y.,
$25 per on Delvered
5 I" U BONE MANURE, Decomposed
with Potash. Unrivalled for Oranges, Peaches, getebles, &e. Special prices in large lots.
Guaranteed Analysis. Send for Catalogue an s oes springs, Fla.
ABER BR Secial Agents, Palm Springs, Fla.

Pame'sFertilizerCo, :^ .c $5i
n 's F' Orange Food, $20 pr ton
s Tug' e $5o"
AAAVA pineapp -' $ 35,
Sulphate of Potash, German Kainit, Georgia Ashes, Canada Ashes, Ground Cottonred,
Cotton Seed Meal, Pure Raw Bone, Tobacco Stems, Pulverized Oyster Shells, Lime, and .1
kinds of fertilize er materials in stock; also, Cow Peas, Red over,Clay, Whippoorwillan
white. Send for circulars, price lists and stencils. Special attention given to the sale of
oranges. E.T. PAINE, SON & CO.. Agents, Commission Merchants, -
orange. 50 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Florida.

We have on hand several hundred copies of our "Guide" for 1889-90 con
training much useful Information on the growing of Vegetables an
flowers from seed. This matter will note reproduced in our- fall cata
| logue. We offer this valuable work to you now FREE. Send you:
name and addressto ., -
n. H G. HASTINOS .S CO.. Interlachen, Fla.,
Spe lallite ln'seeds for the South.

Lemons! Lemons!! Genuine Navels.
ORDER NOW, before oun stock of Villa Franca Lemons Is out. We havejust sold 7,601i
of this cbolcest of all Lemons for Fall delivery, but have some left. Our bearing Lemons
are loaded. We ashU shp in July and August and publish results in the "Dispatch."
We e have also a beaut ful lot of the GEN U INE Washington Nayels budded from one of
the ORIGINAL TREES we received from Washington nine years since. Also most all
ot her varieties of Orange, Lemon and Lime. .. A
The double Imperial Navl and beAtwood's Seedless Navel we now offer foL ist, t.lme
to th r a Gwete a e have or Fal and. interdeuvery rew hundred
of each fthee vaetee. EDEls' T &,CAULEY, Winter Park, Fla.

Whole No. 1112. sw ,s imS

-NU RS E R Y.--
........ (Only 300 yards from depot.)
Thousands of sweet seedlings, two to Sve
years old, from seed directly.from the famov&
Tucker grove. Splendid selection of budded
trees, thornless and otherwise. MalteM
Oval, Med.-Sweet Jaffa, Washington Navl
Tangerine Peerless, Raymond Sweet
others. The last named is a new and splea-
did variety, early and sweet.
Our prices are the lowest. Try us and you
will purchase, Address,
J. C. SR MNER, Manager.,
Care of E. A. FARRA.EIIersUlle, Pascoo.,FI

Lakeland, Polk County,
Offer for Sale
A Stock of Budded Orange and
Lemon Trees
And Peaches, Pears, Plums, PersimmO. ,
Figs, Guavas, Grapes,:etc. Price Lst fret
Lakeland, Fla.

Florida Fruit Exchanve.
Fruits and Vegetables.
Prompt returns. Stencils on applcation.
159 South Water Street, Chicago;

(Successr to i. .errm a Bro.,)
Machinery of all kinds furnisbed and set up.
Write ror estimates to


The Marshall House,

Leading Hotel, Finest Location, with 9pW
clous piazzas affording ladles a magnfllce
view of our beautiful promenade, "the Brood.
way jof Savannah." Blectric Applianoes and
Baths. Rooms single and en soln *
Rates, $2:OO. and $3:OO per day,
A..oordif to location of rooms.
-"M. L. HI AR ,N .


. /

.-. w -r ,


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The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.
The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant 8. 8. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and People's Line of Steamers between Sanford, PS-
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Snah, Savannah and Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia Boston and New York. The best equipped, fastest and most
prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connection
Double dally ast freight service for all poluts West via Albany, Jesup and Savannah. Double daly fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Jesup and Ba-
Daily fast freight all rail connection va the Atlantic oast Line to all astrn, Interior vannah to all points in Florida; ast freight trains both via Gainesville, Jacksonville, Cala-
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Four connections a week for New York via the Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savan- New York (New Pier 85, North River,) direct for Savannah Monday, Wednay, y, Friday
ash tondays Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. and Satm day.
Every five days for Batimore. via Merchants and Miner's Transportation Company,leav. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston April o6
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nah May 15, May 22, May 29. rom Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia May 5, May 15,
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ailing days for are subject to change without netlce. -lose connection with ., F. & W. By for al points in Florida.
The Florida Dispatch L&e is the quickest and best fast freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars rates, stencils and shipping receipts apply
?o Any agents of theabove lines, or to WM. P. HARDEE, den'l Freight Agent Savannah, (U;
0 -. OWENS, Traffic M r Savannah, a. W. M. DAVIDSON Gen' Traffic Aent, JacksonvileFia.
J. A. SPOTTSWOOD, Trav. Agt.,Gainesville, Fla. J. P. JoADAN, Trav. Agent, Quincy. J. E. DBATx,, Trav. Agent, Jacksonville. J. H. STBH s, Agent, Jacksonville.

--Manufactured by the---
I. B. Darling Fertilizer Company, Pawtucket, B. I.
Southern Offices and Warehouses, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
W. H. MACOO BER, General Sales Agent, Bostwick Building.
..r Fertilizers have given Universal Satisfaction the past season. Send for Catalogue,
glying prices, and testimonials from some of the leading growers.

Established 1856.

200oo Acres in Fruit Nursery.





The New Edition of Our PLANT CATALOGUE

Will be Mailed FREE on Application.

Special attention is called to the immense stock of

g niddeB and Greenhouse

s tnalP Palms

L o R i s k-N .F o r f e i t u r e o f C a s h P a i d S I X B SOT "- A- --- -- .. .. '-

'Sharps and Flats," giving fRll lnformatlon.

XPOT Oare cautioned against reked
"Beaver Brand" Canada or manipulate leahed ashes which are rep- Including the best exhibition varieties.
resented as my goods, or the best Michigan -,
UN LEACHED ashes, but bearing no brand. ,O. Ag'enRts.
ARDW SHES. ha antee lysis on ea ar
" Guaranteed Analsis re, and by_ a mon" D LEAR WATER NURSERY,
Through Bills of Lading to any Railway A NALySIS
Depot or River Landing on -leaI* Water Harbor, Hillsboro Co., Fla.
Short.Notice. proves them the highest grade Hard Wood Wate ao C
For Prices, Pamphlets and all other infor- strOng, d w e d BROS', Nurserymen and Florists.
ato, add OHAS STEVENS, -- (100,000) one hundred thousand trees n stock. Greenhouse and shade harbors forprop-
NanesOnt, Canada. all information relating to their use, tton. We have a full line of fine Citrus, Oriental and Deciduous Stocks, Tropical and Semi-
a eorun., na u s re geTropisal Fruits, Plants, Ornanentals, etc. Everything for Florida. Send for Illustrated
"Beave Bad Cndforterms, addresswithreferences, logue.
C. B. DPUi Stockbridge, Mich. a

Cutaway Fruit-Grower's Cultivator.
Entirely remodeled and made REVBRSIBLE
EfleotiveneBs and Durability Increased
100 per cent.
E. 8. HUBBARD, Federal- Point, Fla.
sfTAT. AGCcT. ,lo
Aqd for Cl.ircul .

---Quantitative analysis of rock phosphate
Send your own name and address, and On short notice I will chemically determine, Five acres good land, healthy location;
th6se of or 10 of your friends or neighbors by the most accurate method, the per cent. of three in orange trees already commenced to
on a postal card or otherwise, and a copy.o bloom; new house, Southern style; well of
the SAVANNAH WEEKLY NEWS wll be phosphoric acid, also give the equivalent per good water; near Pittman, Lake Co., Fla.
sent to each address free. cent. of bone phosphate of lime. Address, Price, $750. For further particulars, address
THE WEEK LY NEWS Dr. E. M. NOLAN, Box 84, E. Derry, N. H.
5T% W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Is a Business and Family Newspaper for *ua
Country BReaders. It Is the largest weekly UIE *c -
published in the South-16 large page. I -
iplendidly gotten up and carefully edd. If |L
you have never seen a cop of it, send for 0one M
and you will pronounce t to be the biggest Wdo merely to p t
and best newspaper you ever read. ed then have them return u P.Ml
e Kye our. Ihae madethe dieasen WITS. EPI
Address or FALLIG ICKNESS alihlong -
THE EEKLY N ,,WSdtoa Woenos *. il S U Bect to SPASMS a ot Betroubled
TH9F*WEEKLY NEWS, Q~tthrWlunt&UT~efrs~e~~dllnoreaorn not 110W t Wa The best remedy fort ihe* l ed
eM seudaton"fwor tetiAe nd aphrh no fUS L MIFU"Es
SavafMnah, Ga L OWh i84tbeizditrlaToidin


[MAY 22, 1890;





ilmm Am .... ...... illm



Grapes in South Florida.
[Read before the State Hortioiltural Soc
*ty, at DeLand.]
Grape growing in South Florida i
of so recent date there will be found
quite a wide range of opinion as t(
location, soil, planting, pruning, train
ing and fertilizing, and as I have been
requested to furnish a paper on th(
subject, I will give my own observa
tions, experience and methods.
I would select pine land nearly
level, yet susceptible of being thor
outghly drained; a clay sub-soil is pref
erable; avoid selection where hard-par
comes nearer than three feet of the
surface or not present at all.
In clearing the land remove all trees,
stumps and roots as clean as possible,
avoid burning out trees, better chop
out all stumps and roots, as burning
lowers the vitality of sandy soil. Alter
the land is cleared, plow with a good,
strong mule team as deep as possible,
by doing so you will reach many roots
not before found, harrow smooth;
again pick up all roots made visible by
plowing. Prepare as many stakes as
you have vines to plant. Stakes should
be two feet long, three-fourths of an
inch in diameter.
Set first stakes where you want first
vine, say ten feet from east line of field
and fifteen feet from north line, set
range stake at southeast corner of field
and arbitrary stake at northwest cor-
ner at. right angles with first line,
return to first corner and set line of
stakes north and south on east line the
distance you desire vines to be in row.
Now return to first corner and set a
line of stakes across north line of field,
set this line of stakes the distance apart
-" the rows of vines are to be. Set row
of stakes on south side of field same
distance as those set on north side,
giving same number of stakes in both
cases, return to north side of field and
ten rows' from east line set a row of
\ stakes through to south line; now fill
Sin space, having a man to sight for you
so as to get stakes in line, proceed in
this manner until all 'the stakes are set
in the entire field.
S We are now, ready to begin to dig
the holes and to plant the vines.- If
the vines to be planted are grown from
cuttings, I dig a round hole from.
"twenty to thirty inches apart, accord.
ing to size of vines and roots. Drive
stake down one foot, dig hole around
the stake one foot deep at centre and
twenty inches deep at outer circle.
Scatter evenly in the hole one pound
of best ground bone, cover this bone


two inches deep with surface soil. Grape Growing in Waldo.
Remove stake and place vine in Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
centre of hole, separate the roots after I have read Mr. Livingston's article
they have been pruned off to about of explanation, "Grapes .in Waldo."
ten inches. Too much care cannot be As one of the subscribers, in fact, the
i- exercised in the planting; see that no originator of the protest in question
two roots come in contact. Cover the (which it would have been an easy mat-
s roots with top soil, pressing soil firmly. ter to get nearly the whole town to
d with the feet, fill hole about two-thirds sign), and requested by the less skilled
o full. Place the stake directly east of grape growers of Waldo, I desire to
" the vine slanting north, proceed in give the reason for opposing Mr. Liv-
n this manner until all vines are planted. ingston's derision in regard to grape
The usual time to plant is from mid- growing in Waldo, although, as he cor-
" dle of February to first of April. Cul- rectly stated, I live some five miles
tivate the ground each way before from that town. But, all the same, I
y setting post for wire. am not an entire stranger to that local-
Set outside posts five feet from first ity. In protesting against Mr. Liv-
- vine two and one-half feet deep, brace ingston's writings, now. supported, as
with five-foot brace well spiked to post. it seems, in a way, by Mr. Cushing
e Set post at third space or between and Mr. P. Minnich, who have attempt-
third and fourth vine. Place lower ed to grow a few grapes, it will be well
wires thirty inches from the ground. to explain the principle of growing
Use No. 12 Bessemer steel galvanized grapevines, as followed by Mt. Living-
wire and common fence staples to ston and his most skilled grape grow-
attach wire to post. ers.
Cultivation is a very important Grapes are raised to a stake six or
matter, and the right time to lay the seven feet high. They are trimmed
vineyard by for the season must be to any amount of spurs and limbs up
determined by locality, soil and obser- from six to any number of eyes. Every
vation. eye is expected to fruit, and vines have
My present opinion is nearly all carried from forty to any number of
working of the soil should cease by bunches for as many years as I have
the middle of July, although the seen them. Mr. Godbey's vines, which
greater growth of weeds and grass are on well drained land, well fertilized
will be after this time. .Late cultiva- and well cared for, were nothing but a
tion is liable to shorten the crop of mass of fruit; and Mr. Livingston and
fruit the following year. Use the his skilled grape growers have looked
small two feet stakes to tie up the on these vines for an example to follow,
vines until they reach the wire, pinch regardless of proper drainage, and, al-
off the tip of the vine under though experts in growing persimmons
the wire so as to cause it to branch and peaches, are novices in growing
each way on the wire. Keep off all the grape.
suckers from the ground to wire. This attempted imitation: has, to all
Train the vines to the horizontal appearance; not been a success. Mr.
wire. Prune the vines in December, Godbey's vines have borne, have done
as the vine will then be dormant. all they possibly could do; and if'they
The amount of wood to remain really should now begin t6 give up, as
must be determined by vigor of- vine, Mr. Livingston says he has heard a,
soil, location, etc.; if the vines have neighbor say, who has heard somebody
made a good, strong growth, prune else say so, it would prove nothing
back each branch to two feet :from whatever against grape growing in
place of branching, so'as to have from Waldo;. Giving due credit to the skill
three to five buds on each branch. of Mr. Livingston and his two support-
This parctically ends the first year's ers, these gentlemen should consider
work. In March of second year fer- that it is but a natural consequence for
tilize with one pound of best ground vines, overbearing for years, finally to
bone. give up, or die back, as he calls it. A-
Again the first part of May use new shoot should .have been raised
one pound of bone meal and one to from the base at intervals to take the .
two pounds of good hard-wood ashes place of the old, wornout stock. I
or other potash of equal value. *Place The freeze has also injured many
second wire thirty inches above first eyes this season, causing the vine to 1
wire, this brings- top wire five feet die back, and such is the case with t
from'the ground. some of Mr. Godbey's, vines, as he:
The method of treating a vineyard tells me. His vines are still in good '
in culture, training, pruning and bag- order, have borne the heaviest crops
a order, have borne the heaviest crops
going fruit for second and third years of good fruit haye seen for many
should be the subject for another years, in spite of Mr.- Eivington's,
paper doubtless, very scientific bog-iron dis-
S" GEORGE H. WRIGHT cover. Mr. Livingston looked over
c'buluota ,' "the fence into what he calls a little gar- i

den spot; before passing judgment, it
would have been of advantage to .him
to have walked in. He would have
seen some 300 of as beautiful and
thrifty vines as can be found anywhere,
of many varieties, but usually bearing
much more than they should. But, by
Dr. Ambrose's way of heavy fertilizing
and growing young wood from the
base, he has kept them in proper con-
dition. I have seen there remark-
ably fine Triumph and Delaware, and
last season Black Hamburgs better
than my own. The something white
that struck Mr. Livingston's eyes, in
looking over that fence, but indicates
the Doctor's superior skill, who, by anr
early application ,of lime and sulphur,
provides against insects and possible
disease. If such applications indicate
failure, as Mr; Livingston; hints, iall
other fruits are also a failure in Waldo
or anywhere else. Orange trees, first
of all; for any number of different
washes are used by intelligent growers
to prevent the ravages of insects or the
like. I am sure Mr. Livingston'used'
some himself before he ever wrote on
grapes and geology.
Besides Mr. Godbev's fine vineyard,
I will now name some others of the
less skilled grape growers, who, nev-
ertheless, sell large quantitiesof :the.
fruit every, year, and who have, as
yet, not complained of bog-iron inter-
ference : Mr. Sparkman, with a large
number of bearing vines. Capt. Dale,
with nearly 1,000ooo, tells me grapes pay
him better than any other fruit. Mr.
George Minnich, with about four
acres, an experienced grape-grower-:
from Illinois, has expressed himself
that grapes do better here than there.
Mr. Lever, with two to three acres,
and Mr. Demmitt with ten acres, ship-
ping plenty of fruit-Mr. Demmitt,
one of the signers of that protest. It
was difficult for Mr. Livingston to
come up with-his few- vines in a mud- -
puddle against a ten-acre opinion,and
so he says, very unprettily, "Mr.
Demmitt wants to sell vines." He
may sell some few vines here and
there, as any one does who has them,
as Mr. Livingston sold persimmons,
But if selling vines has to come up
against.Lgrape-gro-wing, Mr. Livingston .
had better kept that argument against
the-writer, who really sells vines in a
business way.
'Now, whether Mr. Livingston be-
lieves it or not, better men than I will.
.ell-him that flat woods, with all the
bog-iron or anything else, he will, in
ime, discover, is as good a place for
grapes as any, provided it is properly
drained and the planter knows what
he is about. If the roots are in.the
water they will rot and die, and pf
course the top will die correspond-
ngly. Not even the amount of taxes


, .



one pays will prevent it. Not long
ago a gentleman well versed in agri-
culture told me he thought grapes a
failure. I asked him if he had
trimmed his vines. He said, "No,
they are left to themselves." Another
attempt at grape-growing I know of
is where many hundreds of young
vines are planted a few feet from and
all around LeConte pear trees; this is
expected to be a success! Grape-
growers will know this enterprise must
fail, and the planter of this mixture of
pears and grapes will surely, in time,
also pronounce grape-growing a fail-
ure, and will, perhaps, also attribute
it to bog-ironin the. soil.
Of course nobody can object to Mr.
Livingston having his own opinion;
but by his own admission, knowing
little about grapes,hearing some doubts
from one or two individuals, looking,
in passing by, over some fences, and
then declaring a fruit a "snare and a
delusion"-permit me to ask, is this
not going a little too far ?
.Just as Mr. Livingston requires a
skillful grower for his Kaki (which he
undoubtedly is; I.surely have myself,
listened, with profit, to his discussions
on that subject), so does it require a
skillful grower for any other fruit, if
that fruit is to cqme to perfection; and
a.decision for success or failure should
S only be given when the growing
of the fruit in: question is well under-
S stood. Neglect, faulty judgment or
imaginary skill. will fail everywhere
and with everything.
Fpr myself, I have enough of the
SKakit; I have heard some otherwise
well informed growers here pronounce
them good for nothing. If I should
now declare them a "snare and a de-
lusion," I should surely be guilty of
most unwarranted assumption.
Earleton, May 9th, 1890.
The Grapes That do Not Grow at
.. EdJ-or Farmer and Frul.Grower:
.- In your issue of the 24th of March a
broadside of "grapeshot" is poured
into me from Prof. Dubois for saying
that "grape culture in Waldo is a snare
and a delusion." This is a long range
shot, coming all the way from Talla-
hassee, where my pop.gun was not ex-
pected to reach. It seems, though,
that the Professor was hit, or thought
he was, for he kicks worse than a new-
ly lassoed Mexican mustang. But he
finds blessed consolation for himself,
and congratulations for his readers,'
over the fact that I am not authority
on grape culture. He says "it mat-
ters little what I say" with those who
have made grape culture a success, but
seems to fear the dire consequences my,
article might have in misleading "some
would-be grape growers." If these
would-be grape 'growers-had a chance
of success, or a ghost of a chance, I
-'. would not be the means of deterring
them from engaging in the business;
-but, as I honestly believe that defeat
and 'disaster await almost all who en-
gage extensively in the enterprise, my
duty to myself, no less thau to them,
-demands that I should raise my warn-
ing voice to avert an impending evil.
This is my answer to your question,
"Why did I make that assertion?"
'u ask-me to answer half a dozen
'.other questions, such as "have I tried

all varieties recommended for Florida,
and did I give them proper attention,
training?" etc. You ask me to give
you the names of the skilled grape
growers of Waldo, etc.
To the first of these I answer that I
have tried all the varieties that you rec-
ommend and twenty others, and none
have done well; the Niagara has prob-
ably done the best.
I have fertilized with bone meal,
hard wood ashes and cotton-seed meal,
and other complete manures.
Dr. M. A. Cushing, Fred. Thomp-
son, Peter C. Minnich, W. N. Gillett
and myself are the principal ones who
are discouraged viticulturists at Waldo.
I have taken considerable pains to
inform myself on grape culture, and
have dotted down a few points as I
waded through the "grape lore" of
the past and present.
The cultivation of the vine was
among the earliest industries of man,
and the Latin nations were, and are,
among the, champions in its successful
propagation .
Now, I ask you if it is reasonable to
conclude that the early Spanish colo-
nists in Florida did not thoroughly test
and, failing, abandoned the enterprise?
Is it reasonable to conclude that
grape culture in Florida is a success,
when, for three hundred years, all at-
tempts at its successful cultivation have
proven abortive?
If we can succeed now, why did not
these early Spanish colonists, many of
whom were adepts in viticulture (and
whose love for the wine and its vintage
was equaled by few), not succeed ?
You refer me to your own forty-
seven acres of vines and eight years'
experience, about which I really know
very little; but before deciding I must
know whether, you have made more
money out of the sale of vines or
wines. I concede that Florida is
adapted to the growing of some kinds
of grapes, such as the Vitis Vulpina,
which is a perfect success here, one va-
riety of which (the white scuppernong)
I am cultivating, arid which I esteem
very highly. It is a sure crop, and.
other' varieties of this same family
seem perfectly at home here. But
the Vitis Labrusca and its various hy-
brids, the principal varieties of the so-
called Northern, or .bunch grape, can.
never be made a perfect success; that
is, a paying crop. These Northern
grapes are known to require at least
live inches of rain-fall during their
growing season, Fqbruary, March and
April, and almost perfect dryness and
absence of dew during the ripening
season, May, June and July. Our
seasons would be just right if they
were reversed; as they are, they are
just wrong. ,.
Your assumption that a special
knowledge of the businesses all essen-
tial in grape culture, and that without
that skill no success is attainable un-
der any circumstances, is not logical.
My own opinion is, that where favor-
able climatic conditions exist, there
grapes 'will grow even in the absence
.of your special knowledge or experi-
ence in cultivation ; and that unfavora-
ble climatic conditions, such as we
have here in Florida, cannot be over
come by any amount of skill or special
Your statement that two-thirds of

the orange groves set out in Florida
have already been abandoned, is a
monstrous inaccuracy. I don't know
of a single instance of the kind in or
around Waldo.
It is true that our losses by freezes
are terrible some years, but the years
of good crops and favorable harvest,
generally, a little more than recoup us.
I don't wish to be understood as
saying that grapes cannot be grown
in any part of Florida, for I don't say
or think any such thing; but on the
contrary, I think they can be grown
for local consumption and for early
market in many places in Florida,
but never as a general crop to go on
the market in competition with real
grape-growing districts, such as a part
of Virginia, Arkansas, Texas, Arizona
and California.
-In conclusion, I must say that, the
broad-side from your Gatling guns has
damaged friends as well as foes, for if
two-thirds of the orange industry has
already failed, how must your friends,
the land boomers, proceed in bagging
new game if the orange grove bait is
no longer to be used? You can sup-
ply the grape, but. wouldn't it be bet-
ter to get up a little variety; say grapes
and gophers? How would that do?
If the grape-growers "jump" at this
combination, they will have the good
company of the geologists, who are
going to "jump" at my "vast knowl-
edge" of the formation of this "penin-
sula's subsoil."
But, by-the-by, Professor, I am not.
the originator of that ocean current
accretion formation; the credit of it,
I believe, belongs to Agassiz, but I
don't suppose he knew much about
grapes. B. F. LIVINGSTON.'
Waldo, Fla.

Grape Growing in General.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
Mr. Livingston's remarks on grape
culture are to be considered; they ap-
ply generally to the growing of other
fruits. Thousands of dollars have
been frittered away through people
starting in the sections of country not
adapted ;to the growth of just what
they started out to depend upon. Can-
dor like Mr. Livingston's is to be ad-
mired. There are people in Florida
who sell land who would advise and
sell anything, provided they can pock-
et the cash;, in fact, so much ,of this
has been done that. it has broken up
many people, and sent them away in
disgust.. .
.A family were about to buy a piece
of land for strawberry, culture.; they
were .very certain of success; the man
who would have sold ,the land pictured
large profits, sure success. Those peo-
ple were pleased with the pander to
their wishes. I gave my opinion: "It
would be a failure;.land not suited to
the strawberry." Result-no sale. It
were better than to. see these new
comers-wasting several years, and then
fail. Their means were limited. The
successes in Florida are certain on the
selection of soil. and location. If peach
culture is the leading fruit at Waldo,
let it be one of the prominent features
of that. section; what can be better
than the pears and other fruits that ac-
company the peach?
The iron in the flatwoods is bog-iron
that assays:

Iron..................................... 25 per cent.
Phosphorus.......................... 0. 9.85 per cent.
Rock Silica ............... .... 48 per cent.
From analysis by an expert chemist.
As to grapes at Waldo, I would pre-
sume that the Scuppernong grape
would be a great success. What do
we want better than this for certainty
and profit?
Let it be understood that success
depends upon starting right, more,
than upon the man and means. Take
up many of thl pamphlets issued by
land company schemers, and what do
they represent? That everything and
anything will grow on the lands they-
offer, when, perhaps, it is a mere sand
dune. Many of the finest spots in thei
State are never heard of. After a few-
more-years have passed the people of
the State will get down to depending
upon a few standard fruits that will
realize large profits, and be certain.
These will be grown in their proper
locations. These results will build u4
the State on a solid basis.

pov~e and Oricaxd..

Florida Fruiits in the West.
A St. Louis house, which the straw-
berry men, have found to be trust-
worthy, has issued a pamphlet con-
tainingmuch sound advice, from which
we extract some things:


The past six years the earliest sorts
not only failed to pay, b'it, in many .
cases, it would have paid the grower
to let them rot on the trees _or rider
them. Still the shippers thought they.,
would give them another chance, but'
additional experience with these ear- .
liest varieties convinced the growers
it was best to condemn every tree. It
is safe to say that more than half the
shipments were consumed by the ex-
press charges. A rooting out of these
very early sorts followed to a beneficial
extent, andithe past two seasons showed
the wisdom of the step in the lighter
receipts and better prices resulting.
The outl6ok, therefore, is very bright -
for the more Southern shipper; they
must abandon the idea of growing the
earliest kinds, however.
The first receipts of the season the
past two years were from Florida. com-
ing in unusually early-loth to the
15th of May. They were the Peen-to '
variety, a small, flat, queer-looking
peach, not fully ripe, and wholly des-
titute of 'flavor, taste, or the first requi-
site of. a desirable peach, except in
color, which is all right. The color
caught a few customers, but not more
than once. We can't understand why
this variety is valued so highly in Flor-
ida. Possibly if fully ripe it would
have much more to recommend it.
They did not average much over ex-
press charges. It is evidently a fi'rit
for local, not distant, markets, for if
much riper than those we received,
would hardly reach us in presenta'bl'e
One-third bushel-boxes should al' -
ways be used. In packing set the box
on the edge (not on the flat), plice the- "
fruit in rows along the edge of the liox,,,
aind fill up carefully. Let the cov6 y
press lightly on the fruit in nailing 't .
on. When the package is in gbod
-"- --- i' !


[MAY 22, 1890


MAY 22,1890]

shipping order, unbroken rows will
appear at all the openings and not a
peach can move. We invite the at-
tention of our readers once more to re-
marks on packing fruit.
All fruits packed in one-third bushel
boxes should be handled and packed
in the same manner as peaches, always
setting the box on the edge when start-
ing .to fill.
The finest spqimens of the LeConte
that I have yet seen came to us from
Florida last season. They were fine
in all respects-large, highly colored,
flavor, taste, 'quality, etc., excellent.
One day we had twenty barrels of fine
LeContes from Florida, and side by
side with them were offered twenty
barrels of good Bartletts from a Mis-
souri grower. To our surprise the Le-
Conte brought fifty cents per barrel
more than the reigning favorite. Bart-
letts at the time were very plentiful
here, however. Still we never expect-
ed to see the Bartlett squarely beaten.
Alabania shipped us LeConte last sea-
son about equal to the Florida ship-
ments, and some from Texas stood
very close to them in quality, etc.

Chicago and St. Louis are better mar-
kets than the East; but after the Loui-
siana berries begin to go forward there
is not much choice between the East
and the West.-ED.
Electricity and Pear Blight.
Those interested in pear blight who
have not looked into the tenth chapter
of Mr. Blackmore's novel, "Kit and.
Kitty," to learn what he has to say of
the mysterious disease, may be inter-
ested to hear the relation second hand.
Mr. Orchardson, an old fruit grower
in the neighborhood of London, being
visited one day by Captain Fairthorn,
a specialist in electricity applied, to
mechanics, the attention of the latter
was drawn to the blackened foliage of
two young pear trees, and he inquired
the cause of it. Mr. 0. replied it
was "'thunder storm blight and had
been known there for generations,"
and he continued, "we call every-'
thing a blight when the meaning is
beyond us. Seems as if some trees
were subject to it. I never knew an
apple tree took this way, but pear
trees have been so, time out of mind,'
though never none but the younger."
The. Captain having learned from Mr.

fashioned press was used, with a com-
mon wash tub perforated at the bot-
tom, over which was laid a piece of
thin cloth. Clean white sand was
then placed in the tub to the depth of
several inches, through which the juice
was filtered. The experiment was a
perfect success, the cider made being
beautifully clear and ,of excellent fla-
vor. From the fruit gathered from
four or five trees, he made about 350
gallons of splendid cider, for which
he has found ready sale at 75 cents
per gallon, thus producing a revenue
of more than $50 per tree.-Pinsacola
This is a good deal of cider from a
few trees.-ED.
The Tangpa.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
Seeing the article from Francis True-
blood in the issue of March 27th, and
in particular that part relating to the
late peach, .brings to mind, a new va-
riety we hate, sent to us under the
name of Tangpa, an imported variety.
We would like to know its origin and
its value in Florida, if there is any one
growing it who knows. It seems to
be a very late peach, just now setting
-t -n ,,- -_ _* --- -

GRAPES, u. that the attacks oI0 unght ionowea iruit; this takes it out o0 reacn of any
To our Florida friends who are now close upon thunder storms and tense injury by frost. It is a stout and vig-
so intent on planting Niagaras, we say, electrical conditions of the atmosphere, orous grower, and very promising
'go slow. Within three years you will attributed it to "a thing as yet little here. It is new with us. It seems to
regret it. It is true many of the East- understood, what is called the terres- outstrip all other varieties tried,
ern markets have paid fancy prices trial discharge," and he took meas. Peen to and Bidwell's included.
for white grapes, but they were scarce ures to have correct drawings made A. N. DUNCAN.
at such times and purchased mainly from which to investigate and report Clearwater, Eillsborough Co., Fla.
as a novelty, or for display among further. But no such report on the
other sorts. .Dealers purchase but subject appears in 'the other chapters Pruning to Baffle Jack Frost.
very few at a time in every market, of "Kit and Kitty," and we conclude Visalia Times, April 24: Experi-
The market is easily overcrowded with Mr. Blackmore neglected or forgot all ments are being, made at the Paige &
white grapes. about the matter. And now a sen- Morton vineyard with a view to es-
S. Only fully colored or Ape grapes tence or two of inquiry. If at the caping the danger of frost bite.'
should be shipped. Cut off the green, time of the thunder storms and the About eight "eyes" are left on,the
rotten, shriveled, dried or otherwise subsequent appearance of blight, the vines at the first pruning, and when
imperfect fruit. All should be cut out roots had been in a moist medium of they get a start men go through the
carefully with a pair of scissors before earth, so there would have been a vineyard with shears, clipping off two
packed.' The regular nine-pound complete ground connection, would of them. This sets the vine back
:' basket, that used by the New York the terrestrial discharge have taken two weeks, and when it gets started
and Ohio grape growers, is the pack- place? On the other hand, if the again the operation is Tepeated. It is
age that should be universally used. earth medium had been comparatively expected by this means the vine will
To Southern shippers we .will say dry, would the terrestrial discharge be prevented from budding out before
that grapes come in good order also in have been intensified? In short, is or the xoth of May, after which there
one-third bushel boxes, when properly is not a moist or wet root medium a will be no danger from frost.
packed. If- loosely packed, or in preventive to attacks of pear blight; .
such manner that any of 'the grapes and vice versa, does a dry root medi- The peach growers of Delaware and
can be displaced or moved while in um provoke, them? All the while as-: Maryland .are much disconcerted by'
transit, they will not reach here in suming the cause of blight to be elec- the uncertainty of their crop, empha-
good. shape. The bunches should be trial agencies. At, the Austin, Texas, sized by this season's cold wave. A
laid in carefully, in rows like peaches. meeting of the Mississippi Valley Hor- good crop once,in five years is said to
At the top let the cover press down ticultural Society, last winter, Messrs. pay, and while some have decided to
sufficie ntl to hold firmly all the Springfield & Tenbrook.reported com- undertake other kinds of business,
bunches in their places. When the plete freedom from pear blight,, and. others have concluded to plant young
cover is removed on arrival here no attributed it to this-that- their trees trees every year and take the chances
stems should bje in sight, only a stood on land near the Gulf coast of favorable seasons often enough to
smooth surface of grapes should ap Where the uniform water level was make an average paying business.
pear. In. packing let the stems be within four feet of the surface, condi- : ., -
downward. The fruit should be hn- tons furnishing a perfect ground con- One of: the. new things now men-
died as little as possible, so as-to pro- nection.--Country Gentleman, tioned is a fruit and vegetable 'drum,
tect the bloom that covers the grape. *' in vegld in Georgia for a receptacle for
Packing in quart-boxes, in six gallon LeConte Perry. fruit and: vegetables, so constructed,
cases, should be avoided. The fruit Mr. William Fudge, living near it is claimed, as to secure complete
has to be handled too much, and the Gonzalez station, has succeeded in de- ventilation, and allow' inspection of
bunches are not such size as will fil veloping a new industry which may its contents without opening. It is
the boxes to advantage. Five to ten- prove profitable to the fruit growers of -barrel-shaped, with -staves three-six-
pound boxes, in crates or frames. Escambia county. Last year he was teenths of an inch thick, and may be
might also be used, but the basket is offered only $2 per barrel for the :fruit made of any desired size.
always best. grown from his LeConte pear. trees, 4.
which he considered unremunerative. Prof. Taft is reported as saving that
SSTRAWEERRJES. I order to utilize the fruit and derive the black knot on the cherry and the
The strawberry growers of Alachua some profit from his trees, if possible, plum, which. some have claimed are
and Bradford counties have discov- he concluded to try the experiment of not identical, are caused by the same
ered that, for the earliest shipments, making cider from the pears. An old fungus, Plowrrig/tia morbosa.

4' -

SUMTER, S. C., June 2, 1887.
Rochester, Pa., Dear Sir: I
have been using your Antidote for
Malaria in my family for several years.,
For more than a year I had chills,
and was so low down that I had not
strength to walk. Mr. Whomsley
begged me to try the Antidote, and: it
cured me at once. I am now a strong,
healthy man. We use no other medi-
cine in the family, as we find it the
quickest, safest, and also the cheap-
est. Yours very truly,


That only honest and reliable medicines
should be placed upon the market. It can-
not, therefore, be stated too emphatically,
nor repeated too often, that all who axe In
need of a genuine Blood-purifier should
be sure and ask for

Sarsaparilla. Your life, or that of some one
near and dear to you, may depend on the
use of this well-approved remedy in prefer-
ence to any other preparation of similar
name. It is' compounded' of 'Honduras sar- '
saparilla (the variety nim r' I1 in cu1rative
properties), t;illitia, mandrake, yellow
dock, and-the ri..Uj,. The process of, man-
ufacture is original, skilful, scrupulously
clean, and such as to secure the very best
medicinal qualities of each ingredient. This
medicine is not boiled nor heated, and Is,
therefore, not a decoction; but it Is a conm-
pound extract, obtained by a method ex-.,
clusively our own, of the best and most
powerful alternatives tonics; and diuretics
known to pharmacy. For the last forty
years, Ayer's

has been the standard plood-purifler of the
world-no other approaching it in popular .
confidence or universal demand. Its form--'
ula is approved by the leading physicians
and druggists. Being pure aml highly e..n-
ceitrated, it is. the nri: ei.. i.:..] :al i : l. \ to%
possible blood medicine. E.ery pi liar
of Sarsaparilla should insit ip,.,n ha',rig
this preparation and see that each bottle
bears the well-known name of
J C. Ayer & Co.,
Lowell, Mass.
In every quarter of the globe Ayer's Sar-
saparilla is proved to be the best reniedy. fur
all diseases i-f Lie blo,:d. Lowell druggli i
unite In test,fying to the sliper'..r e\-lldin .
of this med.irie and t.- .t3 grinoat rldlti
in the city of iti manmuiirre.

Ayer's Sarsaparilla
DR. 1. C. AYER:& CO., Lowell, Mass.
Sold oy Druggists. $1, six $5. Wortli F a bottle. .


Best Fences and Gates for all
purposes. Free Catalogue giving.
full particulars and prices. Ask
Hardware Dealer's, or write

* 'I-^



F rnIE, J 1/ 'I,j'U'ltl( that a trip from PUnta Gorda to Key time and methods of planting and cul- We have expended a large amountit
____JWest can be made in an ordinary tivation of rice, and from the depre- in experimental machinery, so far, of
The Cloud Strawberry. skiff boat, for the Gulf is very calm dations of the rice birds, the planting course, at a loss; but we think we see
During the recent shipping season compared with the Atlantic, and an was not a marked success. It seems our way clear to produce an article
in a small patch of Clouds at Lawtey inland route exists nearly all the way. that the project of starting a rice mill that will sell readily at a profit and
n several occasions a artwas icedY, A few miles north of Romano had been promised by parties pre- develop an entire new industry for,.
on several occasions quart was picked there is some very fine land, and from viously, but after the farmers had some part of the country.
fromug twentywh plants on an Thaverage thence to Chocaluski are many keys, planted the project fell through. The rush we can use grows in your
be through the ratwhole patch.bu This per acreould but only few fit for cultivation. At From the above and perhaps other vicinity. Samples from there are
at one ickinate of 5 bude Cessna once Chocaluski is another "settlement," reasons, the income from the rice mill quite satisfactory. But it is abundant
told us that he kicked oo Cessnuarts and this region is known far and the first season would scarcely pay the along the entire coast from the Chesa-
over 15us bushels) from an acre of wide for its bananas and vegetables, freight bill on the machinery from the peake to Texas. The question of cost
Noonans on hammock land at one From thence south to Cape Sable lie manufactory to this place, and in ad- of gathering and transportation is only
pickingnans The whammock has done nearly the Ten Thousand Islands, all unsur- edition, near the end of the season, to be considered. The land upon
as well as that on a piece of choice veyed and impenetrable except by the the mill was burned with part of its which the material grows, we are ad-
flatwoods. These Clouds were on a plume and alligator hunter. Here contents.- But believing that rice was vised, is of little value, and the rush
rather light piece of flatwoods. the hunter finds the egret, the roseate a desirable crop for every farmer to absolutely valueless. ,
A crate of Noonans and a crate of spoon-bill, the flamingo, the paroquet grow at least enough for his own use, If the rush can be cut (after it has
Clouds and Hoffmans were shipped and the genuine crocodile. and that they would come to see it, I grown forty-four or forty-five inches)
together in a refrigerator car, with a There is much land of the best qual- refitted, and the result of the second while it is perfectly green, dried by
request to the receiver to report on ity scattered through these keys, but season justified my belief in a' exposure to the sun and air so it will
the two crates separately as to the con there is not a settlement for twenty measure, not heat in the transportation, it will
edition in which they arrived. No miles along the coast. The third. season just about closed be strong, of good color, and just what
such report was made, except the sin- At Cape Sable four or five families has more fully confirmed me in my we want. If the rush is permitted to
gle fact that the Clouds and Hoffmans Right here let me say, while opinion of the value of the rice crop grow to maturity so as to ripen, the
sold for 20 cents a quart and the Noo- climate and soil are all that could to the farmers of Florida, as nearly ends turn brown, and the pith decom-
nans 5. be desired from Malco to Sable, it every man that brought rice to the poses, changing the color to a dark.
In our report to the State Horticul- cannot be denied that during the sum- mill this season has said he should dull green. In this condition it is of
tural Society mention was made of mer months the mosquitoes are horri- plant more the next, and his neigh- no value to us.
"Clouds" and "Cloud Seedlings." fe. w a a t f bors would plant also. It would seem \\e will pay liberally for just what
This was an error; the two are identi- The few that areable tobuild frame that nearly every new settler in Flor- we want, but we do not care to pay
This D a houses and screen them properly, do ida has heard or read of won- for what we would be compelled to. -
ca.-E ""not suffer much, but the poor settler derful crops grown here and of realize. throw away after it reaches here. It
Farming on the Keys. with a thatched house has-a tough ing two, three or four hundred dol would seem as if it could be gathered
EditorFarmerandFruit-Grower: time. There are but few other annoy- lars per acre from strawberries or for much less than $30 per ton, but
The march of progress has not yet ing insects, and snakes are very other truck crops, and do not care to we mentioned this sum as an induce-
reached the Florida Keys. scarce. plant any of the ordinary staple crops ment for some one to start the in- -
: A few stray settlers, chiefly, sailors All the lands in this section are free adapted to this soil and climate until dustry, to see what it would cost to
from the Bahamas, comprise the in- from rock, and a plow can be used. they have tried a few years to come gather it, and at what price it would
habitants. About ten years ago San- Nearly all the people plant winter up to the reports they have heard. be profitable.
ford was the terminus for travel south- crops for the New York market. But, after a few years' experience of Mr. H. B. Plant, President of the
ward; now Tampa and Punta Gorda Expenses to New .York per bushel the drought, frosts and delays and Southern Express Company, has in
have railways and connecting steam- crate about 50 cents. Last season a high charges of railroads and dealing his office at Tampa a sample of the
ship lines, and the tourist, the sports- party came to Malco, and without ex- with unreliable commission men, it material we hope to make. Mr.
man and the settler annually ,seek a pending a dollar cleared $i,ooo in seem to me that there is a strong and Timothy Kimball, who is ia Tampa,
more genial clime in 'the extreme five inonths. He cultivated five or growing disposition to let truck-farm- is arranging to clear off a few acres to
South. six acres of land on shares, every- ing alone and turn their attention to have the rush start up fresh and evenly
The bleak winds of winter are un thing but his bpard furnished him. the more staple crops. Of these I think so it can be cut when it reaches the
known on the keys, and the thermom- But, like farming everywhere, it there is none that can be more surely desired length. We shall be glad to
eter varies but little during the entire does not always "strike," and irre- and easily grown or used in as many give any further explanation if you
year. The weather during April is sponsible commission merchants often forms for the family as well as for all desire.
almost identical with. that of Decem. reap a golden harvest. kinds of stock as rice. If we are able to get just what we
ber last. A few gardeners began to All transportation isby boat. Two My own success in planting rice want-and you have it in great abun-
ship tomatoes North on December schooners per. week leave Malco for during the three years that I have dance.--the result must be mutually
i5th, ISS'). These shipments have Key \\'est ninety miles), connecting been here has not been all that I beneficial, as we can probably con-
continued until .now, giving four and with New York steamers. Lands can could wish, still I have not failed'to sume a considerable quantity.
one-half months exclusive control of be bought from $2.50 to $50 per acre. make a paying crop, which is more Yours very truly,
the New York markets for fresh vege- Many claims can be cheaply pur- than I can say.of some things I have THE MITCHELL MNF'G Co.
tables. chased, and the unsurveyed lands attempted. While Mr. Dudley (N. A. Baldwin).
The character of the keys varies. from Chocaluski to Sable can only be Adams and his railroad partners have Miiiord, Conn.
Beginning at NMalco, near Cape Ro- secured by actual settlement. shown us' how they most effectually S i
mano, the soil is sandy, with an occa- IIn another letter I will give some engaged in killing the "goose that Sisal Fiber.
Ssional shell mound, all of which are facts: about the rocky keys south of lays the golden egg" for them, I am I enclose a sample of Sisal fi ber
owned. Tropical growth exists every- Sable. ; C; G. not sure but they are doing the far- which was extracted from the frozen,-.-
where. Three-fourths of the islands mer a favor in the endif they compel leaf by simply scraping it with a knife.
are covered with mangroves, and are Rice and Rhim to quit growing vegetables, with The fiber is remarkably fine and strong.-
toolow for cultivation. This is true Rice and e Mills. the unsatisfactory results of the past, and it is certainly destined to become
of most of the keys. Eior Farmer and Fr.uit-rower. and turn his attention to growing as an important and valuable factor in tex- ";.
-The Malco region is fairly well set- \\'hen I came to Belleview, more nearly as possible everything consumed tile fabrics. I am writing it up for my "
tied, has a school, boat yard, store, than three years since, I asked the in his family and on his farm. Among paper of next week. There are thou-
etc., large cocoanut groves thriving, settlers here what would or could be other crops, I think sugar cane and sands of acres in Florida, goodfor lit-
and perhaps the largest bearing avo- grown in this sandy soil, and was rice should have a prominent place. tie else, that, according to authorities.-
cado pear grove in the State. told that besides cotton, corn, sugar IRA S. KEELER. on this matter, are especially adapted
"Wild coffee" is abundant in the cane, sweet potatoes, etc., rice was a Belieview. Marion co., Fla., May71890. to the production of Sisal. -
woods. Cactus, maguey, dogwood, good crop, but on account of the diffi- JNO. M. JOLL -
: mastic also abound. A few miles to cult' of getting it cleaned there was A Possibility in Rushes.- ome "Haax Journal," Dayton -
the east lies the famous Royal Palm but little planted. After considerable EdiiorrFarmcr and Irulr-Grower: ,. -,,.o
Hammock; this alone is worth a trip talk and many inquiries on the sub-' In reply to yours of the 4th to Mr. FOR NERVOUS DISEASES .
f ircim the North to see. Many of the ject. I gave out word that if the Goldsmith, enclosing clippings from Use Horsford's Acid Phosphate.
palms reach 100 feet in height, and farmers of this vicinity would plant your State press, we desire to say that DR. F. 0. KELLY, Alderton, W. T., say: '
some exceed it. This being the only rice I would procure the machinery this matter of making matting is ex- "I have preserlbed it in a large numberot;'
grove of the kind in the United States, to clean it for them. Quite a num- perimental. The article is not made cases o resnesa at night, and nervous.;
-Congress has wisely prohibited their ber promised to plant, but as most of in this country; is not made in any geion caused by lack of sufflei gastc
destruction, for 'andal hands had be- the settlers here were from the North, country except China and Japan, and Juice of the stomach, Awiih marked succef,.":
and consider It, one of the best-reiedteq ,
.-." n-their- o0rk.-- H-ere :let ,me state and had no experience as to tha best there only by hand. kowno tao Upratesloa worlz"-
n.._ -. e *... .* s** *.' ; --'

A:... _



[MAY 22, 1890

MAY 22, 1890]


Georgia Strawberries and Peaches.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
The points in Georgia from which'
strawberries are shipped are Fort Val-
ley, Powersville,,Quitman, Americus,
'Thomasville and Forsyth. There
are probably more shipped from Fort
Valley than any other place in the
State, and they will not ship over 25,-
ooo quarts. Some shipments from
the lower part of the State are made
early in April, but from Fort Valley
and above shipments rarely ever com-
mence before April 2oth. For the
first time in my knowledge berries
were shipped January and February
this year, and continued until the
freeze. The variety planted is princi-
pally Wilson's Albany.
Our main crop in the way of fruits
is peaches. Large orchards are at
Fort Valley, Marshallville, Powers-
ville, Macon,Forsyth, Griffin, Orchard
Hill, West Point, Gordon and Ten-
nille. There were about 500 carloads
. raised last year for market. An acre
of peaches ought to readily net, clear
of all' expenses, $200 to $300. Nine-
tenths of the crop is shipped in refrig-
erator cars to New York city, and
-that place has never been overstocked.
- The Eastern cities alone can probably
take five times as many peaches as are
now raised in the State without lower-
ing prices.
-The best varieties are: Tillotson,
averaging $2.50 per case of three pecks
in New York; Rivers, $3.50; Ame-
lias, $4; Elbertons, $5; Chinese Free,
$4; Early Crawfords, $3.50; Late
Crawfords, $4. The railroad and re-'
frigerator charges last season were 50
cents per case; this season it will be
lower. The above are not extreme
prices, as all well packed fruit ought
to bring that without any difficulty.
The Georgia Fruit and Vegetable
Exchange was organized for the pur-
--pose of handling and shipping all
kinds of fruits, melons and vegetables
to all markets in the East and West,
giving better facilities than we have
had heretofore without any increased
cost to the grower. Shipments will
be handled from all- parts of Georgia
and Florida. The stockholders are,
composed principally of growers.
Will be glad to give you any infor-
mation I can at any time in regard to
fruits and vegetables raised in this
State. T. 0. SKELLIE.
Macon. Ga.
Not All Golden in California.
Editor Farmer afnd Frint Orw er.
A writer, after describing in glow-
ing language the riches and beauty of
the surface irrigated portions of the
San Joaquin valley in California, says
that under the present system of sur-
face irrigation, without underdrainage,
the life ol all these now seeming par-
adises for immense crops is that they
must, they will, fail and go back to
utter ruin. History tells us of no arid
region brought under cultivation Lby
surface irrigation with river, spring or
artesian water, but what has, in a
longer or shorter period, become un-
productive, and starved out the peo-
Spe or nation who so treated it. I
ean, of course, level, arid regions,
'..- with hot, summer climates, rainless in
sumnfer and with great flooding rains
,i winter, -and -without .a chance for

the water of these flooding rains to
flow away to the sea.
Constant irrigation, without arain-
age, eventually fills the soil with alkali,
brought in the water, and which can-
not evaporate until the results indi-
cated above insue.
With this view of the case, ought
not orange growers and vegetable
raisers in Florida to cease to be envi-
ous of their more prosperous neigh-
bors in California ? Enjoy their sunny
winters, their copious rains; bring up
their soil by proper fertilization and
cultivation, anticipate cheap transpor-
tation of their crops when they shall
have become of such volume as to de-
mand the great facilities the transpor-
tation companies are not slow to fur-
nish. Incidental irrigation, to meet
the occasional drouths, can be had
at much less expense than in Califor-
nia, without the danger of alkali-
cursed lands, a malaria from stagnant
Not many years hence Florida will
be better appreciated, her soil and
climate better understood, her fertil-
izers cheapened by knowledge how bet-
ter to use the materials at hand, the
annual product leaving the land richer
by cultivation. Then express freight
trains will place fruits and vegetables
in the Northern markets almost as
fresh as if grown in the North, and at
prices that will increase the demand
tenfold. Be a little patient, fellow-
workers, now is the winter of our dis-
content, but it will, in the near future,
be made glorious. We have not yet
half learned how to take advantage of
climate, soil, adaptation of crops, mar-
kets, etc. We are subject to no more
discouragments than are incident to all
new countries, though different in
kind. We have the resources of a
great and wealthy State, with the best
climate in the world; and with skilled
agricultural, horticultural and floral
operations. each year's product will
net more per acre than the whole value
of an average Northern farm per acre,
together with its improvements. Wait,
work and watch; our time is coming.
Interlachen, Fla.
- a >
The toomis Factory.
Dr. S. L. Loomis, the .founder of
the-Loomis Manufacturing Company,
has been to Franklyn, Mass., where
he ordered machinery which, when
placed in the factory, .will double its
capacity for turning out the merchant-
able article.
Mr. Upson, of Jacksonville, wasin,
town yesterday, and mentioned that a
friend of his from Lockport, N. Y.,
who had been visiting him in Jack-
sonville, stated 'hat he had built a
house in Lockport on which he used
Nassau Plastering Fibre.- After the
house was finished his wife desired
some change made in one of the rooms.
When the workmen attempted to cut
the mortar away its solidity and firm
ness thoroughly aroused his interest in
the article. In this way this excellent
product of our State and section is des-
tined to work its way into general use
and bring much wealth into our State.
While the writer was at the factory a
negro brought in 1,320 pounds of
stems, for which he received 30 cents
per hundred, making $3.96. He in-


o The canal, for the better draining
of Eustis Meadows, is finished, and
the results are all that could be hoped
for, so we are informed by Dr. Hicks.
He has now growing ioo acres of rice
which stands three or four inches
high, and which is spoken of by a rice
planter who recently visited the mead-
ows as one of the finest sights, speaking
from a rice planter's standpoint, he
has ever seen. The work of breaking
up ground for further planting goes
steadily on. As the ground is soft
oxen are used and nine yoke are kept
busy. Dr. Hicks expects in a few
days to have a patent shoe, something
after the style of a snow shoe, which,
when attached will bear up the heav-
iest horses on the soft ground, and
enable him to use these animals in-
stead of the slow going oxen. As
there are still three months left in
which rice may be planted, ahd it is
the doctor's purpose to get in all that
is possible, the acreage will be im-
-mense. It pleases us greatly to see
such an immense industry as this grow-
ing up in our midst.-Bustis Lake Re-

Excessive Rains Caused Other
Oranges to Drop.
H. J.BAKER & BRO., New York, N. Y.
GENTL1EMMN :-I wish to state that within
the past few days I h'ave visited most of the
groves in this Immediate vicinity, and find
the groves -upon which your fertilizer has
been used looking well, and the fruit upon
them of superior quality, which confirms my
experience of the last six years. I would es-
peclglly call attention to the fact that during
last Winter which was the wettest season we
have had in eleveni years. most fruit growers
lost heavily from oranges dropping on ac-
count of the excessive rains. While the loss
from dropping, on our Millwood grove, was
less than usual. The trees were loaded with
fruit of the finest quality averaging one hun-
dred and seventy-six Itn ue box and this not-
wilhstandlng the grove is on datwoods land.
Respect fully.

E. W. Marshall, of Philadelphia,
Pa., a large manufacturer of perfumery
and cooking extracts, will move his
factory to Kissimmee about the first
week in January. Mr. Marshall has
been to California and all the princi-

pal points in Florida looking for a
location, and the fact of giving his
preference to Kissimmee speaks well
for this section.

ts Smiles and Tears. Suchis thecourse of
life, made up of sunshine and gloom, glad-
ness and sorrow, riches and poverty, health h
anddisease. We may dispel the gloom, ban-
ish the sorrow and gain riches; but sickness
illl overtake us, sooner or later. Yet, hap-
pily, that enemy can be vanquished; pains
and aches can be relieved; thereI s a balm
for every wound, and science has placed it
within the reach of all. There is no discov-
ery that has proven so great a blessing as Dr.
rut' liver Pills. In malarial regions,
'idacre Feverand Ague, Bilious Diseases and
ailments incident loaderanged liver prevail,
tliy hae proven an inestunable boon, as
a hundred thousand liUving wiInessea teseti Lfy.
Tutt's Liver Pills
Price. 25c. Office. 39 & 41 Park Place. N. Y.

TREE SALESMEN "Pi,"'noi trees."
Louisiana, Mo.

Barnes' Foot Power Machinery.
without 1Pam'oingo tflt of the ,e f
more money from toei..>&. [tW.
by a nby oher meajidLr fordoaglbir
"ork A15o for
Induitrl Schoolsor iome Tranlns.
With thb.em Oys Oc& a ireojr-
Dn-ymen'S rTrads befi ibthey "go
for ihemneelte." Prios-Lso Free.
o., Bahb S., Bockford, UI6. S

phes. Oar Sp...l Cirrlan' desonbes them all. Send
j;," g Fr,. Send also for or g Send 10o.
spe'il P'"y ppi crcuar FREE. for mo
complete SEED CATALOGUE published.
t17 and 219 Market ,., Philadelphlo. Pa.

100 NSON(;fo)ra2ce-ntslamp n..-a .--',. ciAD. LO


Brilliant I

9| 1Durable I

H Economical I

Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength, Purity, and Fastness. None other are .
just as good. Beware of imitations, because they are made of cheap and inferior materials,
and give poor, weak, crocky colors. To be sure of success use only the DIAMOND DYE ...
for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yarns, Carpets, Feathers, Ribbons, &c., &c. We warrant "
them to color more goods, package for package, than any other dyes ever made, and to give
more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.. -
Send postal for Dye Book, Sample Card, directions br coloring Photos., making the finest Ink or Bluing -
(ao cents a quart), etc. Sold by Druggists. Address ..
WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Burlington, Vt. .
For Gliding or Broning Gold Silver 'Bronze'
Fancy Articles U DIAMOND PAINTS Copper. only's.19 ce .
S '. 0'

formed the reporter that he had con- Perfume Making in Florida.
sumed less than twelve hours in cut- Some time since we clipped the fol-
ting the stems, which gave him, after lowing item from the Kissimmee
paying his drayman, better wages e
than most mechanics earn. What we Leader.
need is more industries of this charac- If the establishment is running, we
ter, which bring all the money, for should be obliged to some of our
which the product sells, into our readers for further particulars. The
midst. -Fernandina Mirror. business ought to be a profitable one,
-- both for the maker and the grower of
100 Acres in Rice. the flowers:


fMAY 22, 1890

SUgar ard Tobacco.

Varieties of Cane.
I am told there exists still another
of the canes introduced by Mr. La-
pice, a slender green cane, not very
sweet, but of vigorous growth and ex-
treme hardiness. The cane is identi-
cal, I think, with the Zwinga cane in-
troduced by General Le Duc, from
Japan, and No. 24, or Uba cane,
'.:.from Brazil, introduced by Dr. Rich-
ardson. My description applies to
the latter two, from my own experi-
ence during several years. General
Le Duc's cane, coming from Japan,
and Dr. Richardson's from Brazil, the
antipodes to each other, are evidently
- the same cane.
These canes have a very prolific
growth and stand all the vicissitudes
of our climate better than other canes.
The growth is so prolific that they
'would seem to make a good forage
plant. I have harvested over thirty
tons per acre of first rattoons, and
'this without much cultivation, for the
. canes soun became so tall that the cul-
tivatioin of them had to be discontin-
ued. I have discontinued their cul-
ture, but the old stubble, five or six
years old, are growing in the field
with other varieties of cane, and they
are difficult to eterminate. They
seem to be true sugar cane and not
sorghum canfe at all.- The juice is of
a low density, and of .low purity, as
compared wirh other canes. The
canes are hard, and yield but a mod-
erate per cent. of juice. They seem
to have no merit, except that they are
prolific and %ill rattopn so long. I
saw the Zwenga cane, rattoon ini an
abandoned field, where the stubble
was standing in water three-fourths of
the year. The leaves adhere to the
stalk so tenaciously that a good cane
cutter can't properly cut over one ton
of the cane per day. The stalks are
small, rarely reachingan inch in diam-
eter, and apt to be crooked. -This
led me to abandon 'the ordinary way
of cutting and curing them, but wait-
ing until near the end, of the cam-
paign, the cane trash, then dry from
frosts, were fired and burned off with
out apparent injury to the cane, and
the cost of the cutting for the mill was
thus diminished by two-thirds.
Leonard %\'rav describes a small.
hard, green cane scattered throughout
the East Indies, and possessing many
of the qualities I have recited, and
which .he calls Chinese cane: and I
Believe he describes the same cane.
If this cane should be prevented
-from suckering, as it does, probably
the main' stalk would be much larger.
SI- have seen them one and one.quarter
Inches in diameter. Perhaps, also,
it-could be made sweeter, and at an)
?t''-;"rate it would seem desirable to exper-
'-intent ith-. the cane, for I believe it
Swould'be a better syrup producing cane
-.,:than sorghum in North Louisiana,
,--1Ar.kansas, Mississippi and Southern

Tobacco in Gadsden County.
When it is better than half cured it
may be removed to the close barn and
hung up as before, care being taken
not to crowd it too closely. At this
state, should a damp spell of weather
occur, causing a tendency to mold,
a charcoal fire built in a pot or other
iron vessel, or a small stove kept at a
moderate heat, sufficient to dry the at-
mosphere, will be found a great ben-
When the large stem of the leaf is
properly cured, advantage should be
taken of the first damp spell, when it
is in proper condition for handling
without breaking, to take down a por-
tion and bulk it down on the sticks,
and have the bulk covered with a sheet
or hay, so as to. exclude the air and
prevent drying out. The leaves are
now assorted into three qualities; the
first is composed of the longest of those
which are of approved color and free,
from holes, some approximation in re-
gard to uniformity of length being ob
served. The color now most in repute
is'a rich dark brown. In making up
the second quality, uniformity of color
should be observed, but it is not so
important in regard to length of leaf
or freeness from holes as in the first.
However, no ragged leaves should go
in this quality. The third quality is
composed of the refuse of the crop,
and such quality must be kept sep-.
arate, both in banding and packing;
as the leaves are assorted they are im-
mediately bound into hands containing
about twenty leaves each, and-for the
band a leaf of like quality is used. The
neater the banding is accomplished,
:the better will the crop show in sam-
pling. As each hand is completed it,
is laid in bulk,:. The bulk *is.formed
in laying the hands in opposite direc-
tions, the tails lapping over each other,
and the butts showing on each side.
These bulks ma' be laid in a straight
line of any length, and about three feet
in height. The purpose of bulking is
to carry the tobacco through a sweat,
which greatly benefits the color and
the texture of the leaf, and is absolute.
.ly indispensable to the perfect evolve-
ment of that rich aroma so highly
prized in a good cigar. The bulk, af-
ter being built, up to the required
height, should be well covered with
sheets, and be lightly weighted, which
will expedite the sweating.
When the sweating process has been
accomplished, and the bulk has be-
come cool, the tobacco should be im
mediately transferred to boxes made of
light three-fourths pine boards that
have been well seasoned. In packing
lay the hands in the box with the tails
overlapping, as directed for bulking.
The boxes should be made of the fol-
1owing dimensions: Thirty-eight inches
wide, thirty feet long, and thirty inches
deep. A box of these dimensions
should hold from three hundred and
fifty to four hundred pounds. A small
screw or temporary lever will be nec-
essary to facilitate the pack-ing. After
the packing has been completed, and
the top of the box nailed on, the two
ends should be secured with hoops
made of white oak strips or hickory
withes. Be particular, before packing,
to weigh the empty boxes and hoops,
and note the weight in. pencil on-each

box, so that it may b6 deducted when
the crop is sold.
Eight hundred pounds per acre, on
average lands, is considered an aver-
age crop. On lands of a superior qual-
ity from ten to fifteen hundred (with
exceptional cases of eighteen hundred)
may be realized.. For a series of years
the average price of the crop all round
may be put at from twenty-five to thir-
ty. cents per pound.

Curing all Important.
The success of Florida Havana de-
pends entirely on how it is handled,
cared for and cured after it has been
grown. Agricultural reports concede
a yield of from 6o00 to 1,00ooo pounds
per acre, so the question is: How
many acres shall be planted? The
natives have not the proper concep-
tion of what a cigar tobacco is or
should be. Northern experts in cigar
leaf must both grow and cure it. Then
and only then, will the market be
supplied with the right article. Our
merchants and cigar manufacturers
cannot turn planters, but they can
and' should furnish the money to the
proper parties who can and will take
charge of the plantations and the cur-
ing, etc., on their shoulders. As an
investment, no one who will give the
subject a moment's sober thought will
say it will not be a big paying one.
Tobacco pays the largest returns of
any crop we know of. The Dutch
companies have been paying over 150
per cent. per year for many
years, and no good reason can be ad-
vanced why an American company
operating in Florida, growing a supe-
rior article that can be used for all
purposes-wrapper, binder anidfiller-,
cannot be made to pa\ even a greater,
dividend. It will be a er) easy mat-
ter to make two hundred dollars profit
per acre, for;the 1889 crop shows that
the percentage of wrappers in-Florida
will be as large as anywhere., The
simple question now'is, who shall reap'
the benefits of, it, our own people in
the trade or those outside? It will
not require much :money from each
one to -keep this at home where it
Everybody %who is a judge and who
has investigated and tested the Florida
tobacco which has been grown, has
pronounced it equal ct the fine grades
of imported Havana. %\'hen the fillers
of these goods hac been cured and
reached the propel mell,o age, we
shall have the fine cigar markets of
the whole world open to us and we
can defy the comnipetition of the
Havana manufacturers. We trust the
entire trade will wake up to the
situation and improve their golden op-
portunity before it be too late.
Where is the slightest possibility of
making a loss ? Look at the immense
profits to be gained.-N-Va' York
Tobacco Laf.

Will Help the Planters.
To Florida P.'actrs on I.,e Line of the
Florida CG'tral and Peninsular Rail-
While the efforts of this company to
encourage the planting of tobacco in
Florida have been -most gratifying in
Gadsden county, particularly on the,

plantations established by Messrs.
Straiton & Storm, whose success has
much exceeded their most sanguine
expectations, there have been failures
to realize paying crops by many plant- -'
ers. The failure is' not attributable to
the soil or climate, but to the inexpe-
rience of the planter.
Having greater-faith now in the fu-
ture of Florida as a tobacco producing
State than ever before, the company
has determined to supply planters with
a competent instructor, and has there-
fore appointed Mr. Henry J. Fenton,
Agent, Quincy, Florida.
Mr. -Fenton will undertake to sup-
ply planters reasonable quantities -of
proper seed, and will visit, for the pur-
pose of instruction, all planters within
ten miles of the Florida Central and
Peninsular Railroad, who will invite,.;
him and will furnish transportation
from stations to farm and return.
He will provide seed and fully in-
struct the preparation of, seed beds and
the fields kthe planting and the cultiva-
tion), the cutting, hanging, warehous-
ing, stripping and packing, and ship-
ping of tobacco, for which purposes he
will visit plantations at all periods of
the seasou, from the preparation of the
beds to the shipping of the product.
The Florida Central and Peninsular
Railroad Company undertakes this
agency with the belief that active co-
operation by the planters will produce
results beneficial to the road and the
planters, and it invites the latter to'
freely command the services of ,-he
Tobacco Agent.
.By H. R. DuvAL, President.

A clergymruan, afterryears of01 offering frnm
that loatbsorre dl-ease Catarrh. and \hinly
trying -very known remedy, at last found a
prescrlpilcir, which completely cured and
-aved him Ironm d-ath. An' syoffeler fron this
dreadful dli6ese ending a seli-adlnrissed,
stamped envelope to Proi. J. A. Lawrrence, 8S
n'arr,o sireei, New York, will receive the
rtclp, free ofr charge.

New York Markets.

[Reported by G. S. Palmer, Wholesale Com-
mission Mterchaat in frulta and produce, d86
Reade street, N. Y.]
NEW YORK, May 16. 1890
Thbe market Is still ruling very favorable on
all Florida 'eretables except beans,wbich are
arr'-vng largely from Satannab and oth-
-r p lnt., and in r.,-'ore will not pay-
,i->'..r 1o bhip rrom Florida Selling
Flouida wai, ,51 cents to $1; round, 50
in 76; cabbage, $2 to $p.5l'; tomatoes,
fancy, $4 to t6; fair, 1, to $4.10;e cucumbers, $2
10o 3; Oe-.i.$1 to$l.); squash. $1.50 to $ .'76;
Bermuda onions, 8*2 2 to (2 3,; new potatoes,
prl me. $t; seconds, S3 to $4.6O.

Cherokee Farm!.,
Our stock of Pearsi
Peaches, Plums Per-,
Ives, Figsa Apples '
Apricots, Ir r un es,,
rapes and ornuamen-
tal plants and trees is verylarge, and the
selection one of the very best ta the Aoui 1 h
The Yum Yum Is the finest' early peach In
the South; ripens In Avrll and May We. a '
also have the Mhggle, Waldo, Peen-to, Hon-
ey, Pallas and obier-p aches adapted to thei- "
soil and climate ol Florida Our.assortipent .L.,
of Oriental Plums, such as Kelsey,'Salasunia ..
Botau and many others 1i of the very'beet .
Stock adapted to Florida a specially, A ;--,,
irees first-class. true toame, anid pricesve.ry
low. Our Cherokee Annual Price List fre..0o -
all applicantls -'' "'.-.'*
1E W." .D... '.tM .'V #& W


I *


Poultry and jpiary.


The cost of keeping ducks is not as
great as many persons claim. While
they are 'large eaters they want coarse
S food and a good place to forage; let
them out early, as soon after daylight as
you can, and they will strike right out
IL 'on a run for insects that haven't found
their hiding place yet, and the way
..:- they will shovel them in is a caution.
If I should tell you what I have real-
ized on each laying duck since Decem-
: ber r12th, you might think the figures
were too large.
Tobacco, ground, is recommended
as a good insecticide. Some use it to
line setting hens' nests, and, some for
other parts of the fowl-house. The
ground stems, or the refuse, from fac-
tories are worthless for this, purpose.
SWhen tobacco undergoes the sweating
process it is useless -as an insecticide.
The best remedy I have ever found
is dry sulphur and carbolic acid in the
proportion often poundsofsulphurand
two fluid 'drams of the acid. When
thoroughly mixed you have carbolized
sulphur. Sprinkle this dry-among the
feathers once each week, and keep the
roosting poles oiled with kerosene, and
youth will have very little trouble with
If you find droopy chicks among
your little ones. a teaspoonful of clover
tea will frequently set them to rights.
Scald their soft feed; with it iise a lit-
tle in their drinking water; it is a tonic
you need not be afraid of.
Avoid the Douglass mixture and sul.
phur in the food, both are dangerous,
in wet weather especially fowls fre-
quently lose the use of their limbs by
their uses.
The best feed for a newly hatched
brood is pin-head oat meal the first
week; alternate with stale bread or
cracker crumbs moistened with clover
tea, just enough so that neither w ll be
sticky. \Ve bake a hen-cake made of
oats and corn ground, bran, cracked
wheat and a cup of ground or desic-
cated fish or meat, tablespoonful of
vinegar and one of baking soda. This
mixture should equal three quarts;
dampen it with cold water or clover
tea; pack in a bake tin and bake for
two hours. Feed this in alternation
with screenings until a month old.
Keep ground shell charcoal and bone
before them, with plenty of water.
They will thrive.


Ormond, Fla.

".- Poultry Manure-A Query.
EdJhor Farmer and Frult-Orowear:
In the interesting article on "Value
of Poultry Manure," issue of April
S17th, the author, E. \V. Amsden, says:
S"The coop. is arranged with a wire
screen over the board that catches the
droppings." If he would kindly ex-
'- .plain further, with the consent of the
.^- editor, the object of the wire screen
---and his method of adjusting it, several
'-- reader, at least, of your journal
would be.obliged.
,-.- -..We .;have accumulated the drop-
.'-'j-ings from a roost of' about fifty
fowls during the past two years at a.
6npceSofa .thQusand.miles from the-

_';. -'" -" .a -. -..

Florida groves and shipped it to a grove
in Orange County.
If deemed of interest we will give
your readers our way of doing it, and
the expense it has been.
A question with us now is, in view
of the abundant sources of domestic
fertilizers recently discovered, will it
pay to accumulate our hen. manure at
a point distant from, and for applica-
tion to, Florida soil.
E. H.
Brooklyn, N. Y
Should be glad to receive the infor-
Bees on the East Coast.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
Up to date this has been an exceed-
ingly poor season for bees in this part
of Florida, as drouth, freezes and
forest fires have either destroyed the
honey-producing flora or prevented,
to a great extent, the secretion of
This has prevented swarming almost
entirely, and some neglected colonies
have, even starved out. 'Where apia-
ries have been intelligently managed
considerable feeding has been done
during the past six weeks; where this
has not been done most of the colo-
nies are too weak in numbers to be of
profit this season.
Tie bay, saw palmetto and gall-
berry are now opening, and although
the fires have left comparatively little
of the last two, still, the bees that have
been properly cared for are now gath-
ering a surplus and the prospects seem
very good for a fine flow from the
black mangro\e a little later. The
freezes seem not to have injured it ib
the least, the high tide of marine sea-
water having proven a perfect protec-
tion. It is already beginning to bloom
a little, a full month ahead of last
year; and as it has recovered from
the tflfcts of the freeze of.'86 suffi.
ciently to give a full crop, and the
bloom usually lasts into August, we
believe that c-olonies which are in fair
condition will make a good record yet
for th,- season of 1890.
The whole -ecret of successful'bee-
keeping is sin/-. ,'lonies pr, pef'y cared
for: and proper care that.alwways results
in strong colonies consists in choosing
a good location, and seeing that there
is 4 vigorous queen and plenty of food
in the hives at all times.
Any one closely noticing the results
of this season's \work in the different
apiaries of Florida will find ample
proof of th;s assertion.
W. S. HART.-
HawK'a Park. Fla.:

Orange Honey at Oitra. '
Edi'.r w irnmer s.-3 Frai-tGrovwer:
Having finished taking up my crop
of orange-bloom honey, I am enabled
.to give you to-day exact figures.
The crop amounted to $3 15, which,
as the apiary comprises about 400
colonies, will give us the enormous
average of 75 cents per colony against
an average last year of $94.5 for iS6
colonies, for orange bloom. In former
.years my increase in swarms came
during this time, and generally gave
me sufficient first class honey to pay
for themselves; this year I have none
to report. May and June do not-
get any: first-class honey,' but make

strong working colonies for the next
year. I hope the magnolia and the
palmetto will make up the shortage.
Through Mr. F. Benton, who, a
few years ago, started to Europe and
Asia, an enthusiast in apiculture, I
received a short time ago, three of
the finest looking queens I ever set
my eyes upon: they are beauties and
no mistake (Greeks;. They are doing
finely and have commenced laying,
and I hope they will reproduce them-
I also send you one of my paiiph-.
lets giving a number of receipts in
which honey is the principal ingredi-
ent. CH.v;. F. HENNIN,'.
Orange Lake Aplar., Cira, Fla.

Putting in Starters.
In the first place, the fastener must
be firmly fastened to the table, so there
%ill be no give when working. One
way is to screw the fastener to a board
long enough to reach clear across the
table, and then clamp the board on the
table. The clamps are then easily put
on or taken offat any time. A board
a loot wide and eighteen to twenty
inches long is screwed or nailed on to'p
of the fastener, as near to the operator
as may be, without interfering with the
working of the lever. This board will
need to be renewed, perhaps, every
year, for on it are placed the hot bricks
to warm the foundation, and the board
is occasionally burned. I see Emma
has her brick resting on a fire shovel,
so as to burn the board less. On the
end of the board nearest the operator
are placed the starters in two piles. I
use top starters three and a quarter
inches, and bottom starters three quar-
ters of an inch. If only one starter is
put in each section, then one pile ol
foundation will be enough, and a nar.
rower board will answer. The start-
ers are placed on the end of the board
nearest the operator, and the brick be-
yond. The edges of the starters near
est the brick are evenly placed in the
piles so as to receive the heat alike.
The edges of the starters should be
heated till quite soft. Indeed. it hard-
ly matters how soft the edge is, so it is
not actually melted. Only one edge
of the starter should be warmed. Nor
only does it do no good, but it does
harm to warm the'whole of the starter.
Therefore the instruction to lay the
foundation in the sun or some warmn
surface is decidedly bad.
Thirty to filty starters are put in a
pile, and when all but, perhaps, ten of
these are used up, a fresh pile under
this ten, to be warmed by the time
they are wanted. Some care must be
taken that the foundation be not melt-
ed. If it gets too warm it must be
moved back from the brick or else the
brick moved further from the founda-
tion. I use two fire bricks, one to be
heating in the stove while the other is
being used. The)' do not last very
long, and soapstone might do better.
Still better might be some arrangement
heated by a lamp so as to keep a.steady
heat all the time. The heat of the
brick is constantly changing, and the
operator must get up every now and
then to change bricks.
Before being ready for work some-
thing'must be had to moisten'the edge
of.the presser.block, or else the foun-

dation uill stick to it. A small paint-
ing brush "ill do, but it takes more
time, is more troublesome, and does
not do as good work as an implement
specially made, as follows: Take a
piece ol wood about nine inches long,
one and three.quarter inches wide and
a quarter of an inch thick. Nail on
one end of it a pad or cushion made
of old cotton cloth-perhaps woolen is
just as good. Fold the cloth into sev-
eral thicknesses, making it about five
inches and ly a quarter of an
inch thick. Lise few nails. Now whit-
tle the handle end a little narrower,
and .iour [paddle is dene. Have a
bowl or other vessel flled with salt
iwater--tarch water n ill do, but I think
salt is better-and in this bowl dip
:our paddle till the pad is well soaked.
Place the paddle under the presser-..
tongue till the tongue is well wet, and
it may be well to let it stay in that po-
sition after the di~" s work is done till
ready for the next day's work. At the
left of the operator's seat stands a box
sixteen to eighteen inches high. on
which is placed a board of sections.
The board for holding these sections
should be as lgiht as may be to have
sufficient strength. I use some dis-
carded queen excluders, which answer
verv nicely, bcing five sixteenths thick,
and having no greater thickness at the -
rims, and, what is of some consequence,
being seventeen inches wide, so as (o -
hold four sections across. The sec-
tions on this board are four tiers high,
making 136 sections on the board.
One tier is placed on another, on the
break-joint principle, so as to be more
secure from falling. On the floor, or
a little elevated, at the operator's right,.
stands ore or several supers filled with
starters, S:.o of each kind in a super.
It is well to have a little protec-
tection fastened to the table -at this
point, so the board may stand well for-
ward without falling off the table. The
height of the seat depends on the .
,eight of the table and the height of
the operator. My table is of such
height that the upper surface of the
fasrener on which the section is placed
is about thirty inches from the floor.
A common chair, about sixteen and
three-quarter inches high, is just right
for Emma. who is rather short. Al-
though I am only about two inches
taller, the seat is too low for me to use
more than one foot comfortably. Now, .
remember this : To do good work, and -'
do it easily, you must k eep both feet -
on the treadle. So long as Emma sits ."-
onr the seat she never takes both feet ;'
off the treadle, even if she stops work
for several minutes, simply because it --
is entirely comfortable to keep both.-'
feet on. If you feel inclined at all to ...
use only one toot, you may be sure-,:
that your seat should be made higher; ,
or some other change made.-DR: C.-(
C. Mi LLER in Gt.ings in Bee Culture..-: '

T LOR IDA.-NEW Boo.K-THEPrn P.E:BN-'r.",
1 atLd Futuie produce ionso" Fiorlla. tfw.'lo'.14,6
grow Orante and. lber FruliL Farm (ro,--
Iuormailou for Old Inhabliania and eW_--,
Comers Limp cower, 76 cents; eloith.-'. 'S-
Circular sen on requestt. c -' ..-,"o-
0. NECK, Box 3&8, OcaI. h),ida -..B

Hib Iht, Ar'il e W.rld i Expt.ldiluffi
n Ii, [.$. pt eui S borL hard. Tip.
AfdJd Wg a. SEIITilegraD p U IenLP.--H
.360W. -1 10arjr .1-00HI OradoBwepJD B dQT.Hfffi. 'bj'
Addro FEVUR WirBCltB MIH, Prem'afIJfle 9o.^

' '' p t -- -
-;" "- 2.. "-. ,_ e .- : ; :h _-. - .

Y l 22. 1890]





SDADISPATCH r i Is he a beggar, is he a mendicant, saying his .prayer in the morning, rigid account will be demanded of any
I' fLOID AfDIS"PATCH g fQ.l) that he cannot pay an honest obliga- when he repeated it without hesitation man who does business for such a crit-
SARMERS ALLIANCE tion ? I notice he can lay back and in the evening. "I'm afraid at night," ical company of men as the Florida
rFlAR EVr T,^,=,,. howl about some one robbing himshipping is
But he never fails fo rob whoever he said; "but any smart boy can take orange gro.ers. When shipping is
A..Y ,-80comes in his way and calls it legiti- care of hisself in the daytime." finally over a m,:,nth or ;o hence, the
:. AY 22, 1890. mate. The gentlemen of the corn- The man who feels himself bright public (or atleast the stockholders)

: STEPHN POWERS, Editor. mittee are about $Soo00 out of pocket. enough and his purse long enough to will expect an account of every dollar
TEP 0 Address, Lawey tora The orange growers of Florida owe take the measure of that arch-enemy, -whence it came and where it went..
that amount. I have given ray check
for $ioo, and have said to Mr. Mre the commission man, why, let him do Below we public the official report
changed from n, addresri to another, win, i Kibben that I will give $5o more. so. But there are a good many men of the proceedings furnisled by Secre-
all cases, please give both the post-offlie from \e have too per cent. in the McKin- who-"in the dark of gluts, of rail- tary Turner.
which, and the one to which, they desire the ley bill added to oranges, and a specific road smash-ups, of "bad order' an -o-- ~
change. A failure to do so l often a source duty instead of an ad za/lorenm. I other nocROEEDINGS OF THE FLORIDA
of great trouble to the mailing cierk and an- wonder if there are honest men enough ohr noturnl and R O- FRUIT EXCHANGE. ,
noyance to the suerber.among the orange growers of Florida mares which sometimes crush the very
to pay this bill. I want very much life out of the grower-are glad to put Fifth Annual Meeting in Jackson-
Green crops should not be allowed to thank you for your subscription to out a hand and feel the steady touch.l ville, May 14th.
to become dry and woody before they 'the fund, and suggest you send same of the Fruit Exchange. The fifth annual meeting of the
are turned under. If too green they to John F. Dunn, Ocala, Fla. Speaking in all seriousness we be- Florida Fruit Exchange stockholders
are watery and have little substance, I have no objections to your pub. Speaking in all seriousness, we be Florida Fruit Exchange stockholders
are ther ard hap to te a men lishing this scrawl, as I think sonie lieve thoroughly in the principle of was held at the rooms of the associa-
and they are apt to create a fermenta- one should tell the orange grower of the Fruit Exchange, and we r.joice in The meeting was presided over by
tion and injure the crops planted over Florida just how small he is. its prosperity and strength, as evi. President Fairbanks. in his usual able.
them or the trees adjacent. If too G. P. HEAL. denced by the .reports presented at the manner, and about five hundred shares
dry they have little substance and do e a recent annual meeting. A capital of were represented in person and by
not disintegrate and mix readily with The Florida Fruit Exchange. $7,ooo doing a business of over a mil- proxy.
the soil. President Fairbanks delivered his
the soil. y The Florida Fruit Exchange (the lion in less than six months is a feat annul address, which is given below

S -The senior member, Mr. W. qualifying "Citrus" ought to be in the worthy of remark. in full.
-DaCosta, was appointed by the Florida title yet awhile) represents what is It is not denied that there have been To fl, StevkL'/-ders f thu Fl/rida Friit
-Press Association a delegate to the probably the brainiest set of men, bad sales, errors of judgment and Exchange:
National Conm mention at Boston. numbers considered, engaged in any some vexatious delays in filling orders, GENTLENMEN--we nave much reason to be
o ne restricted branch of soil-tilling in owing to the pressure of business early .t oed with the percent coFudta aned pros-
Publications Received. the United States. It is pretty safe in theseason. Sometimes part of one gained for mutual orot-ction, to secure our-
'.-The.Farm Implement News; April, 1891i; to assert that there is not another de- man's fruit has gone East and netted sweie'. if LPo' e, from ine.recurrence of the
"-Ciinago. Seems to con ain'ali the farm ma- rulious condition of marketing our fruit
winery used in the United State- ouistie of apartment of economic horticulture in him handsome profits; part has gone which promised, if continued. to render our
Florida. this country which produces annually West and been slaughtered. Such laborand-nvestments worthbess.
: i.ulted States Department of Ariculture: ; The whole marketing of the product four
Bibliography of American Economic Ento- more acute, though often unsound things will happen. They only attest groves was then In the hands of th, commis-
mology. Very valuable ai a reference book. literature on its specialty than do the the finiteness of human knowledge and alon merchants, and under this respectable
Seventh Annual Report Masaa,?bust A |,at- ame arms and individuals, without charac-
cultural ExpAnnualReport Massation AchusherttA Florida growers of citrus fruits, capacity. When the Exchange can terd without responsilbi managed to
ricultural xpr ent Station; Am erst, without reponsibily, managed to
iae9 But the simple fact that Florida is a own a telegraph line to New York and obtain coslignmentiequally wihn the worthy
outrnrckerand Lumbrman;ol. great national sanitarium has intro- another to Chicago, and can command and r, -ponsible, We have bad o eet every -
"."- No. 1; blacon,ia.; May. form of opposition from thioe whose inter-
r The southernn Architect: April; Atlanta. duced into the ranks of the fruit grow- a lower car-rate to both cities, such eats were opposed to oursuccess, and to er-.
Ga. A publi(atrion like tinia isgrealy needed
in thiseiiumate; It calls attention not only to ers many men who, though they may things will not so often happen. counter much criticism at home from thoFe
wuo favored other plans, or who failed to
a. hltecture, but also to home aanitaton, be brilliant and witty in society and In our well-wishing we do not find comprehend our pin, a nd puIrposes. The
d rainage, etc. may success in ote it necessary to i du
d-ralnage-,urnal, May; Indlanaponll Ind. nay have achieved success in other it necessary to include a hope for an auction sysemn the great makes o the
Annual An ouncement of Uiilbralth's walksofbusiness, areof unsound judg- unbroken solidity, and that every here to, was made the object of violent de-
SprLng, HuwkIus county, Teun.
.Pascun Florida, Vol. I, No. .; edited and ment in the conduct of their adopted grower in Florida may be induced to nu elation, until experience has demon-
by the pupus of; Sdted Itd i ot th c that the Where1 ". strated the correctnoss of our position, and
published monthlbyby the pupils of St. specialty. It is often the case that ship through the Exchange. Where thismodeofdisposingorfiruit ls nowgenerally
S'Joeph's Academy, St. Augustine. their systems of cultivation are fan- a man has the nerve and the cash to acquiesced hi and approved of.
Bulleins 11 and 15, Experiment Station Of THE ORANGE GROWERS' ONION.
Alabama; Auburn. April, i'O. tactic, though pursued with a vigor meet the commission merchant eye to In the spring of i&9 the Orang<. Growers" .
i- niled States Department of Agriculture, and an intensity of conviction worthy eve by all means let him do it. Union was formed for the purpose or bring-
o. E -riment 8taton Record; Vol. I, No. 2. Ing about a greater unity of act ion, and se-
Transactions of the Massachueitts Horti- of the Roman Propaganda. Their Heaven knows there are enough men cured the co-operation of a large and Influen -
cultural Society for the year lA. agricultural and business methods in the world who need to be taken tlai body of orange growers. They took, ~t
SCircular of the Pipe-Making and Laying the offse. a decided stand against Ihe system -
.. .Machine. R. R. Foote, Auburndale, Polk sometimes remind the observer of care of and helped in business, with- eofr t.adg by conided ment by cotmissionm .
:Co., Fla. those pursued by one of the most out our seeking to increase the num- merchants, and in favor of the auction sys-- .
SThe.Archiectural Era, for May; 115 nroad- amiable of all the creations of fiction, ber ten .
way, New York. A magazine of fine en- a At a very large and enthuslaslic meeting of .
"g:-'ravings. the family of the Vicar of Wakefield. But in this cranky and crotchety the OrangeGrower,' Union, held at Palatkap
i ." Florida Home-Seeker, for May; Gaines- June m he Flori Fral Exchange wa
Fla. This contain some practical ar- For such men as these, earnest, but commonwealth, a thousand miles from June, the For Frut Exchange was
n ile invite-I to confer with them. 'rue Presidcnt, '
tice on Florida's resources from which we often in error, the Florida Fruit Ex- our chief markets, exposed to the Vice-Presideut and Secretary, and several d.
.sha.l quole iater.
i Buleln othe' Crneil University Agri]- change has to do business. Its mis- perils of scale-bug and of rail, where rectots of the Exchange attended and"ex- .
planned ou r methods and purposes 1o6 be sat-=-
ttial Experiment Siatlon, No. 16; fibaca, sion among men is not devoid of a a man can be found in an organiza- imfactl.n or the members of the Union,'who.
_,iY-... S Dam .o4 g u certain element of philanthropy, not- tion who has sense enough and stead- thereupon passed, unanimously, a resolution
--_ 'Unlted States Department of Agriculture: indorasing [the Florida Fruit Exchange as the -.
-Report on the Treatment of Fungous Diseases withstanding the fact that the work- iness enough to do business and make besn method, at present, of marketi-. a ,
o Ptanta_ By B.T.Oaloway. ing officers draw good salaries. Its some money, we ought to grapple to citrus crop, and also a resolution piedgng
.-. ...- themselves to sell their fruit through the E -,
--.-ranige Tariff Committee Fund. charter partly rests-if not so stated him with hooks ofsteel. There is not ,nnage unless old at home. We have sio
Org,--nurange re .. .,,..
ioP-met and Fruit Gronwer, in the cumberous synonymism of the a superfluity of men in this world who bad the pleasure of hvingacordial co-opera
t -t .. of roe Fruni Growers' Union. wlIh the
eTh-fund for paying -the -commit- Legislature, at least none the less can get the cold cash out of 'drops -Exchbage, greatly we believe, to the i.eire'l,
'ee -expenses -to Washington a actually-on the implied injunction of. and culls." We care not what a man's of alt rruit. growers. '
rflu state It outrat th Holy Writ that "the children of the previous calling was, if he can keep Ar the. aa meeting o othe t s

., nw-: su;- d a-,i hi ex- s world" ought to assist in business "the the orange.out of the hole, -he is doing oi the Exchange.berd in LSSSa resolutionwasr
'1W .o Sn ll. pav~tntS expense .... ..... .. "- -- '", -- -- offered byMr. L".-',lV.Hl'lllyer looidng'af nf A
-en ,w.ho.-have agreed to pay it children of light." .- -good work. -_ .rr. rom 6DgreaDi-ngad
nS'n.ot.iap tovdate given a dollar .-A bright- urchin was chided,fornot But it-goes without saying that a thduty ,on:praies .to per b bt l
"- '" _' "" -. "".
--... ._r

MAY 22, 3890]

resolution was adopted by the stockholders'
Subsequently the resolution was brought
before the Jacksonvile board of trade by our
vice-president and similar action was had
and a committee appointed to secure action
In furtherance of the proposal on the part of
'thefruit growers of the State. During the
past winter Col. J. C. McKibben, president of
the Orange Growers' Union, interested him-
self actively in arousing interest among the
fruit growers, and a pamphlet memorial to
be presented to the ways and means commit-
lee at Washington from the Florida Fruit
Exchange and Florida Orange Growers' Un-
Ion was prepared and signed by your presi-
dent and the presid-.rn t of the Orange Growers'
II nton and placed before the ways and means
committee, urging upon Congress 'such ad-
vance of the duly, and furnishing itatlistit6ls
showing that the Influx of large quantities 01
lorelgn iruit during our marketing season
was very Injurious to the lnterest.sof Florida
fruit growers
Later, a meeting of orange growers and
representatlvesof organizalloni of rLir grow-
ersa In connection wit a meetiln of ihe Flor-
Ida Farmers' A.llance was held at Ocala,called
by Col. George W Wilson, at hhl.:b resolu-
tiona were adopted, urging upon Congress an
Increase of he duty upon oranges and pro-
vision made for Ibe appointment ofa corn-
mlitteeto go before the commiltle of waye
and means of Congress to represent the fruit
growers of Florida in furtherance of tbis ot-
ject. The committee proceeded to Washing-
ton and rendered erfficent service. The bill
presented by the ways and means committee
and now under consideration fy Congress
contains tne following clause: -*Paragraph
291 Oranges, lemons or limes In packages of
one cubic foot or less, .5 cents per package;
In packages exceeding one and one-fourth
cuiblc feet, and not exceeding two and one-
bal'cubic feet, 5) cents per package; In pack-
agesof capacity exceeding two and one-hall
cublc fe,'t and not exceeding five cubic feet,
$l per box; in packages of capacity exceeding
five (ubic feeti, for every additional cubic foot
or fractlloral part tb-reof, 20 cents; In bulk,
$2.F, per thousand, provided, that when boxe4
in which orange or lemons are Imported anall
be of shocks manufactured in and exported
from the United States, and so verified in
accordance with regulations prescribed by
the Secretary of the Trersury, there shall be a
rebate of the duties on oranges and 1emons0
Sof two cents for each box of one and one-
fourth cubic feet or less capacity, and tw.o
cents for each additional one and one-fourthb
capacity or fractional part thereof."
Should ibis bill becorne a law It wlU un-
doubtedly retain this provision In reference
to the duty on oranges, lemons and limes,and
although the duty prescribed Is less than we
desired It Is a material advance upon the
present duty, and will heip very greatly to
prevent foreign fruit beine thrown upon our
-.markeisduring the months ltrpor,tant to us,
except-wben we have a very short crop.
When the decide staud taken by the Fruit-
Growers Union against consignneents to conm-
mission men became known to the .:,miIs-
sion trade, and Jt seemed probable that but
little fruit would go to them, In order locour-
teract this action and to prevent the concen-
tration of tne Flotldu crop In the handsrf thbe
Fruit Exchauge, steps were at once taken to
buy up a large part of me crop on the irees,
and in this manner secure control of is sale.
Buyers in large numbers representing com-
Snmisslon houses appeared in the groves and it
Isestlmatedtbat more than one-half the crop
was bought up in this way. The fruit was
pr geperally'bought at VL per box on the tree,
or its equivalent packed and delivered at the

railway station, with a stipulation that it
- should be received by the 2nth of December,
-thus forcing the buyers to place the fruit into


diminished by drought and red-spider early
in the season, but amounted to a little over
two million boxes for which fair average
prices was obtained to the end of the season.
The Fruit Exchange shows for the past
season a total business done amounting to
the sum of $545,000, a total sale of 289,642 boxes.
The gross sale on all fruit, including drops,
decayed, rusty and good, shows an average of
$2.27 and a net average to the fruit growers of
Florida of $1.52 after paying all expenses of,
freight and commissions. Considering the
poor quality of much of the fruit marketed,
as well a4 much decay, these averages on the
entire shipments handled by us must be con-
sidered as very favorable
Our business has steadily grown from the
beginning; we have pursued business meth-
ods, endeavoring constantly to improve by
the result of experience, and ,ndavoring to
advance ie interest --,'our fellow ifuit gr.,w.-
ers. We bave impr,:,ved our facilities, ii 'I
have oc,-up-i large and coumnodioua : qu;r-
ter ; near the u.clias for our ret.eipts (,f iiniti.
our packinge-iou-e iandl our warerto,, '. f'or
storage c-f '.ox material, .-ac We have rum.n-
tamed a l-i-a-cns packing-house in the city,
with a '-er.. really e ui nrg.d business and a
dJepot ,)f i-:x ruaterlail. el:
\\M ha-.e handled :ovr i) per cent. more
fruit t1e past season than the previous sea-
son, aLrd a considerable amount of fruit was
sold at home oy patr.:ns an.l mren, ersof the
Exchange. 1Of he amount of fruit not pur-
ebased and shipped by buyers at home It Is
probable the Excoange has handled 1it per
-eni. We bhave lu operation a more perfect
system o01 -lel-gapnaeadrlc.-sof the condition
of tlhe market and dciseruiation of our re-
ports bthoughb tt,, press, tbro'ph our bureau
of Inbrir',at ioan (conduc:te oy A H. Manville.
The frthi grower ha'.e had the. advantage of
a cons.ii.:able reiu',tion of Ir,ihta rates both
Nortli andl Wea of the State as well as
reasonable rates on our own 'roads, and on the
whole we hLd ter.7 much heiter cars provid-
ed. buti considerrtile iu:onvenel.-icd was ex-
perienc,-d Ironi the regulationus or railway
autLoraties, wti,:h prerent:..d arn L. N car
being u.-d on tne S. F A W. lines, and vice
versa. When fruil 1- letdy for ehipmeat we
have no tinie 10 lose In aindine cats and some
arrangemount should be made for the use of
ear. in any dire-tiout. rnere is still very runeb
to be d.)ne to secure a su udi-lent supply of
properly constraucred and well ventilated
Our ebipittenti are ioo extiensive ard too
valuable to nhe siubjeried to ri-ks of beat or
cold and- uules; sulttble ctrs are provided
we had beltte-r seek a nome Feaport anil ship
all northbt:,nd freight by sei. We need an
Improved style ol fruit car and a siill further
reduction o-f freiguti on tbe railway lines
leadirng north and west. We have had a
warned--i warehouse on the Lock at Boston
and have airaugements pending for a similar
arrangement io New Y.ork.
It wouiil be ai.risabie to increase the work -
rug capital of the Ex\bange by the sale oi
stock and takrig rurastures to esianill-h pack-
iu-hhouss Ait the principal railway centres. is mitch cotupl-intl of rnad packing and
vuc muLt labor for a steady improvement
in uhis teipect. Let anyone inspect a sale
cataloueii and note [bi diferernce in prices
oblihnel J f'.r diTlrenlt lots of irull similarly
,ia'idt. d, but on.,ne .brand the price obtained
being su3meilmes double that of ,.nomter It is
t ue i)uyers wtio bha've inspected the fruit who
atiie tme diter.nce in prices and It is never
tue result oi accident or mere chance, and we6
will be wise to prodt by our experience.
It affo-rds me pleasure to testily to the assi-
dully and iLithiulonea oI tie salaried officers
and agent of tne Exchange, as well as o tbe
interest whvieh ba been nianfiested by our
director' in their glituitiou labors for the
welfare of ine orange growing interests of our

,- the market, generally hastily gathered and
packecd-and much of It sour and Immature. G Ma-a
-,:The natural consequence was a glut In the e. er
i market, low prices and a depreciation or his annual report
,.Florida fruit. Nearly all these early buyers the following intl
-ssutaiLined seTlbus losses, and while there was
.,-a present advantage to the grower.atl home, EUiSiNES
'-Ait Is probable thal .the outcome another year October, 1:S8
will-be less favorable for-bome- sales. This November, iS89.
~-glut thos occasioned, o course produced a re- ,-. 1., .
'aa t k-. ntheaprileso obtained by t.he Ex- 8l9, o9,029 9 Ji
ange. ertiecrop.ocl S9-9.uwas conslderably F ebruary, t bo9,

R ,,0gs f..9__ _.- ._- .-

tger Ives submitted
from which we cull
resting information :
9, 1,393 packages;
, 32, o5 ; December,
january 1890, 33,537;
33,07.7; March, r89o,

40,901; April, 1890, 9,600. Total,
228,642 packages.
Total amount of gross sales, $545,-
023.42, and total net, $362,648.89.
The average gross price realized,
$2.27 per box, and the average net
price, $1.52 per box.
The fruit was distributed as follows:
New York, 65,082 packages; Bos-
ton, 83,;26i packages; Philadelphia,
28,069 packages; Baltimore, 10,119
packages; New Orleans, 1,615 pack-
ages; Chicago, 24,780 packages; Cin-
cinnati, 17,851 packages; -St. Louis,
1,o65 packages; Norfolk,-1,405 pack-
ages; Charleston, 567 packages; Sa-
vannah, 619 packages; Mobile, 1. 93;
packages; Jacksonville, 3,937 pack-
ages; various, 79; total, 239,642 pack-
Comparative statement for seasons
i8S8 and 1889, and SS89 and i59o,
shows total shipments from State for
season iS88 and 1389, 1,95o,o000
packages; total for season 1859 and
1890, 2,150,000 packages; increase
over previous season, 200o,o000 pack-
ages, or about ten per cent.
Total number packages handled by
the exchange during the season iSSS.
and 889, 157,068: season 1889 and
1890, 239,642; increase favor t889
and 1890, 82,574 packages, or 52,2
per cent.
Net average ISS8 and i889, $t1.23;
net average 1889 and t890, $1.52 ;
increase favor 1889 and t89o, 9 cents.
I find the opposition to the auction
system of selling Florida oranges is
fast disappearing. The experience of
the exchange with the system during
the past five years has convinced the
most skeptical that it is the most satis
factory plan. The average net results
each season have clearly demonstrated
the correctness of this system.
The executive committee of the
present board of directors will, I pre-
sume, refer to the necessity of packing
houses. This feature is one of vital
importance, and will, I trust, receive
the full consideration of your honora-
ble body.
Thousands of growers are in need
of better packing facilities. The need
of systematic handling and packing is
becoming apparent every year. I am
satisfied that had the entire 239,642
boxes handled by the exchange this
season been uniformly graded and
packed, the average net results would
not have been less than $1.75 per
Report of executive committee was
read and received.
Election of officers being next in
order the following members were
elected to serve as a board of directors
for the ensuing year: George R.
Fairbanks, for Alachua 'county; D.
Greenleaf, B. NM. Baer, Duval; E. G.
Hill, Bradford; John C. Love, Lake;
C. V. Hillyer, INassau; M. S. More-
man, St. Johns; C. F. A. Bielby,
Volusia; A. Brady, Brevard; Jos. A.
Harris, State at large. All the above
were elected by acclamation.
Messrs. F. G. Sampson and-G. W:V
Wilson were nominated for directors
from Marion 'county;.-on ballot Mr.


Al re,.,n-ribih: u-e;tlons. e-.'iing Lrmrn a snuseri
rcr, 'ii be 6ant'WT,.-aj fiA r.r.--rnpiy as posifle, and
whinjut -braiget: r, ed., in, dilt.:,r at Lawtey.
R t-iil can n-it r,- gvei ba anitiL

I; ra. wft.AWBEnRTY,' LLTURE I n"- read moiu'
'- .'-,u- i i.-['-r a :,i r[ar r., rii-y taising In ritb-r part
- 'A rrn' lt-t.-. .utr a- our :-,:,Ll L v iry .rent. It aot
not a pl. I a- a I-.-. but ti s.s-, aSDe-i -, I pre
puret a rpi:. -:if lnr.uj i:,r a e.'r-iae The [land was
i.:. ci tan-i f-r.:i ur.n u -p irh, ui sa6 or Wire ,- ras
wrdai I rrtelii.l:.J. -r dalenr] yv rrirowr- up tour or
iu-v tdt *1 tC ti1 r- lilecu ll I-It. ta-uri. rIlng the dirt
iorii he ei'i c- o |th dran. 'ra- wrh. been ci't
-.i-6-n. TaI': v rul- [rtheoU a .ft Oi or nm-re i
hiE" -:,-."rJ nf---t rrgrreilhi -u:cetuti'l renaon
nr-I.-re li Nie aD-ir. pi.I. ,'U _'-itriwberrlec.
.U ri.d iui Ir.:,-t ['i-1 [ria m LurLr I Io i .r-iJ Jane.
L ..-t lull i I-u -tj[ ..r,-r ,r: t .usiaun plant. ', y-
I .. i.. y aUr ru-,ntn a .... wr len the little -
.- .. reDn ny 'ir ldu ttla' J turn. le.y &
-Li if Iec1rri VDiJ. I wul ue -ia-i i r-,d wal wrilt-
nia [t bi-tv I.,: care [.,r tNrhi. WVrat i dELr-
i-, ,l rim Kh,") ,,ia ; -bildlI i t d, l iri --.r protect [IL
rlanr, fu,)rn n-,v till faii? 'n-,-id i aiw the suck-
tio- [,- run or n-,t Sn'-L i au.-:.' grii r aud werd to
a-:- airJ-.:l'e re, ii cu an umur, or shati i Work
[hi..n 'ji .jl i -r- .J- -r *-r-, .:. irielli Ir n [t be la
,turiDg e -,,i- JniJtrf i h,-' muiCn' n [ -round but
LJi'l. i- ilt b0, la-iJ u to hrrir foni, 3ou. J. tI. Non-
*u filt Fn,-IL IFla.
.e Tlt ar-prrlh-iru 0at trie "rtie blue or green
flY- 0.1 -u1t" il ci ac r :oiu plaur. .iriuilr: ll U 0, See
rrn-,J a- s -cj [.v Li-r. NIt-i Wi ta -c--.ii n a [e".
.:>-K-I raI-iK.. r-Ou ha- u,:te-r rti iti .,i-.ui.r-,w or
.ri[Dn trie oaLK. hrtW-lrD [toer. )1c..-nai.illy Wlin a
br:e ae a-L _- p, [ uI-, uprt-r'e- i he ro rpawe, pa'.tl
o.-J -r-P I[ flur, : l-e-rIlD n .,ut [un- piari. It i3 nor
J,: -Ule, flownrer. It. bc-p the gr-oud i -'naurely
*-I-,- rrUihU'ig LieC culDnmDr, r iruhun graan ort'-eed3 1o
'n i.- [ie ,.'n.aiid ilt i ul tean adrai'agre. Keep
*u,,i'uratn'a ir. Lriit'tli(D' auie- c ins toa[ water Doe .s
Iut..t i-EI 1 iiDg thiien), irt wIlll. aJ ru pianl aeeen
i :-lu rJ i Dhi % n[and ti-:e .:.r '.:-,ecr Lnheba lao wer
[Dan the lirair-oo the ,,JjOLuinn bieds. If ou O o honot
walct Sauppi. -,i, ruLdDer, t- anr pn oneat rail, f
Kep trniei jK,-.i ot, -r o Llifprel oil. Fr itis. - nIake an ,i-1 .-.'i.,;-neck hoe, heat the'--
uiiOR. beid'l it ou -[tihigh. ntl U, the blade as a
ap. ne eU.c.nut a1 i ay1 cu 8-dilirarinlon during -
il eu in r. Simply Irun tre sweep thhroua them -;.
Just -evp inoutg t'., scalp int weeds Off Ea.dlhe t-- L -
I'-.. TAR cPiC'ES CIan yon taelJ wbre the " --.
ar I,'" i. en .read Or nme parties using to -
IfiaKe lniuilr6a in tneir gro ves ean e purenaed,- or
btow aad of n 'ta tihev are tuade, and tnereo., obligea
c.l'u.iail, SytulclAIe, Fl. a -
Can say of our reader, give the required Lnforma-
1 ll ii f '
Is;. UNFRUflErILSBnARPL-.3. I would llke 'to--'-
--Uqliue tin.s-ltIS c'jur valuable paper theroasoc tbar .
mV harp Ie's eifAwberi ici do not bear. inre them- -
paFiti, in I tLa:,t hr mci'eiE With DOn etheras near. -
tien- I r.innrotl elp tnJiaitngtni-y ar fertile asiln -
the North. I took upt, 6n plant in the fall without -.
ani)- iuoni uport I[ ada c-itt ln a bcs In the buae. i: '
ald ill F'enrjarv It had a flue cluater fruit upou It ..-
as perfet a 3 p-6aiDle: ODne of thebo berrleB measured-.
Vii liebra In eu.:uLui'ereuce. I ua'e pilkeu no ftruit
iOI thbe iLnea et. anD there is uon sert -and -hey-
ha- e iloouineled profutael. aince last Febrdary. li they.-- 7
are not rertlLe wnat plabt.itor klnd Ianoulo be isadil '.-
arei' [u ierrilze ithe brhaipieas, ur does someother-L-'-
Kiind ,-i hbtterihan tiehy? srrawberries do wellhere..- -
L. i. ENNEi. LeatKe Oharlea, La. -= .'
tbe Siarple-s is generally regarded as fertile In lhe. ,
North, but it. l uot in iloriaa, saudprobably thbe -.r-
same w ii beiounid une hi Lnuislana. Itinad uterly- -
.tradiled to fruit: IaBradtord county,-of 4_iaSlae..l .
"- Z. =- ,'
.- -: C-.: L

.. __

Wilson received 57 votes and Mr.
Sampson 334 votes; the latter was de-
clared elected. Mr. Wilson was then
elected by a-cclamation as an additional
member from NMarion county.
When Hillsboro county was called.
the secretary announced that he was
just in receipt of a telegram from the -
Orange Growers Union at Tampa,
requesting that Mr. E. B. Carter be
selected a director from Hillsboro--.
county. Dr. E. E. Pratt, of Limona,
was also nominated. The ballot re-
sulted in 46 votes for- Dr. Pratt and
344 for Mr. Carter; the latter was de-
clared elected
When Orange county was called
Messrs. C. F. Parker and T. L. Mead
were nominated. The former re-
ceived 13 votes, the latter 303 votes;
Mr. Mead was declared elected.
A unanimous vote of thanks was
tendered transportation lines for cour-
tesies extended in the shape of special
rates to members attending the con.
mention, and the meeting adjourned
at 2 P. M.
Immediately after adjournment tbe
new board of directors met and or-
ganized and elected the folbwing of-
hcers: Geo. R. Fairbanks, Presi-- -
dent ; D. Greenleaf, Vice President;
A. M. Lives, General Manager and
Treasurer; M. P. Turner, Secretary;
Azar Marvin. Auditor. --


[MAY 22, 1890

Our Rural JIome.
P 0. A3dres. 5 i-zerland, Fli

Helpful Hints Wanted.
11e publish an interesting letter this
week from Mrs. Mills.
She gives much useful information
in rgiard to household matters. W\'e
wish that more of our readers would
follow her example, and relate their
Such hints are of great value to
many young wihes, just beginning
housekeeping, who may be far from
friends and the old home. Perhaps it

would "sa\e them much trouble and


If we find out anything that will
save us time and strength, we ought
to be willing to impart the information
to others; they in turn may know of
something that will help us, and so
return tht favor. The golden rule
would apply very well in this case. If
the Southern ladies who read thks de-
partment would send us some of their
' recipes for cooking various dishes, we
would be very much pleased, as we
know that they are good. We would
like not only recipes for cooking, but
we wish that they could be persuaded
to give us such information in regard
to household affairs as they know
would be valuable to housekeepers
from the North, who are not familiar
with the methods best adapted to this


Beer Again.
Editor Our Rural Horne:
I notice a few remarks on nursing
mothers using beer, and it reminds me
of a conversation I heard once. .Julia
was visiting at her aunt's, from the city
of C., and in asking after the various
members the brother's wife was men-
tioned. \\'hen Julia said the baby was
growing finely, but the mother had to
use beer in order to give it nourish.
ment. "Humph'"- said the aunt, "it
may improve the quantity, but not the
quality." -"But the doctor ordered it,"

said Julia. "Julia," said the aunt,
looking keenly, "would you buy milk
from a distillery fed cow'?" "Oh, no;
indeed;" said Julia. "Is a distillery-
fedwoman any better?" said the aunt.

Valuable Suggestions.
Editor Our Rural Home
For some time-since the bread ball
r' began rolling-I have thought I would
tell your readers ithe inexperienced
ones, of course,) that good, light, snowy
bread is not necessarily made with Irish
-;- or any kind of potato for an ingredient.
- use neither, nor do I spend over il.-
-' teen minutes kneading the dough,
L,. though I formerly considered an hour
none too long. Good flour, good yeast
-any kind, so- that it is good-water,
and a-ittle salt -are all that are really

necessary. The baking, not the mak-
ing, is the bug-bear with me; as the
latter is no more trouble than sweep-
ing a room. I sometimes use sweet
potatoes in bread, but ne'er Irish po-
tatoes. I prefer for all purposes the
'life preserver of Florida,"as it is not
inaptly called. W\e allow them to stay
all the winter just where they grow,
and now i April.i they are good, and
sound as ever-another great saving
of time and strength, you see. I have
wondered often why the Florida farmer
digs and banks potatoes, when they
seem to me better freshly dug every
day, and we certainly do not often
have more severe weather than that of
last March, when our potatoes were
not in the least injured.
Ves, the uses of old newspapers are
many. I have long used them to wrap
winter clothing, and with a few cents'
worth of camphor gum dropped into
the folds of the goods keep the moths
out the entire vear. As many of these
clothes are not taken out of the trunks,
even in winter, I pin the papers to
gethrar, and use several thicknesses. I
know "printer's ink" has wonderful
qualities, and "will defy" almost any-
thing; yet I would not like to "pin my
faith" to it close when moths are in
question I use old newspapers over
the springs and slats of bedsteads also,
putting them on folded about as they
fall from the hands after being read.
They prevent the wear and discoloring
of the mattress by the springs,.increase
the comfort of the sleeper, and prevent
the accumulation of papers all over
the house, that defies the patience of
a neat housekeeper. Yet, as we may
want to look over some of them some
time, don't want to make a bonfire of
them. "Roaches!" whispers one,
"are'nt you afraid they'll get into your
beds?" No, ma'am; I don't have
roaches (or the other things, either)
and I don't scrub and scour; I keep
powdered borax on my shelves and in
drawers; but they never come; so I
don't know just what keeps them away.
(I had a surfeit of roaches once, how-
ever. Killed them that time with
"Rough on Rats.")
I do not very much like closets in
Southern houses, and I have none.
having had the one built torn away.
But that there must be "a place for
everything" is evident. A convenient
article for a bed-room is a shoe-pocket
tacked on the awll; if in a conspicu-
ous place it may be made as orna-
mental as one wishes. The back, or
foundation, should be of some heavy
goods. I use cheviot or bedticking.
A deep pocket, sewed on to this at the
bottom, extending six or seven inches
up, may contain the walking shoes;
another above, the slippers ; while the
upper corners, folded downwards,
make little pockets for shoe buttons,
polish, etc. These pockets, or "bags,"
if one wants to call them by a fashion-
able name, are convenient in the-kitch-
en for odds and ends. The deep bot-
tom pocket for rags and papers, and
the others for some equally important
duty. The "gude man" should always
know just where to find a rag or string,
without having to call for it; and to
the average boy it is almost a mine of
wealth sometimes.
St. Tbobas, Pasco County', Fla.

Tested Recipes.
The following recipes originally ap-
peared in the Pacint Rrard Pre,'
under the above title. Several of them
seem to be specially adapted to Flor-
ida housekeeping-
Orange S,,r,'ica'e. -Three cups sift.
ed flour, three heaping teaspoonfuls
baking powder, sifted with the flower,
large tablespoon of butter or lard, two
tablespoons of white sugar; a lImle salt.
mix s-Mt with milk, roll in tw-, layers,
bake in the same tin, spreading melted
butter and sugar between and ,.,n top.
Prepare the oranges an hour before
using by peeling them. slicing and
removing the seeds; place in a dish a
layer of oranges. then a ,:' sugar
intil a surtficient amount i-s prepared.
\\'hen ready to serve, place a layer ol
oranges between the cake and on top,
pouring the juice oer the oranges.
Serve while warm. Strawberry cake
may be made in the same manner b1-y
using crushed strawberries and sugar
instead of oranges.
Le.,.':.n Pie.-Pouir one half cup ol
cold water over one slice of bread,
and let soak until soft, then add the
yolks of two eggs, one cup sugar, the
grated rind and juice of one lenoin, a
small piece of butter. Line a pie F-late
with rich crust, arid bake in a quick
o\en. \Vhen done, beat the whites it,
a stiff froth, add two tablespoonfuls of
sugar, spread o'er the top and return
to the oven to brown.
Oysler S'up.-Take one quart of.
oysters and cook to a boil; ha\e ready
one quart of boiling milk; put milk
and oysters together, season with but
ter, pepper and salt. Break as man)
eggs carefully into the soup as you
wish plates; be careful it does not boil
any length of time.
Serve immediately, placing one egg
in each plate of soup.
To Co,'k on your cod-
fish in one piece and plenty of cold
water, and let it slowly come to a boil.
If the water is very salt, repeat the
operation. This may be done any
time of the day; then when you wish
to cook it, pick it to pieces, put in a
frying-pan and cover it with rich milk,
or milk and cream is better. Add
butter and pepper, and when it boils
thicken with a little flour, mixed
smooth in cold water; let it boil up,
then set off the stove and stir in oneor
two well-beaten eggs, and serve with
mashed potatoes
Smoked Bef and Eggs. -Take
smoked beef cut into shavings. Pour
on hot water to freshen, then stir in a
hot frying-pan with butter a few mrin-
utes. \\'hen done, break in two or
three eggs and stir till the eggs are
Candied Orange Peel.-Cut the or-
ange peel in fine pieces, and soak
over night in water with a teaspoonful
of salt in it, 'drain in the morning
and wash thoroughly, cover with fresh
water and boil until soft and clear.
To each cup of peel, add a cup of
sugar, and boil till the syrup is thick,
then put in a strainer and drain off all
the syrup, spread thinly on shallow
pans and place in a warm oven to dry.
The juice may be used for flavoring.
A Dinner Disk. -Soak stale bread-
in cold water,.-rumble-and season'

with salt, pepper and sage; add butter
or salt pork chopped fine, an egg and
a little milk. make into balls, and lay .
in the pan with any kind of roast, one
hour before serving.
-rc,., J,.I',si/ard.--One egg, one
teaspoonful of mustard, one teaspoon-
ful of sugar, tne-half teasp-oonful of
salt, beaten together; heat one-half
curp ,,f vinegar aid po-ur over the
mixture and boil until it thickens.
Hints to Housekeepers.
Put dishes, tumblers and other glass
articles irit'o a kettle, cover them en-
tirely with cold wirer, and put the
kettle where it will soon boll. When
it has boiled a few minutes, set it aside
covered close. \Xhen the water is
cold take out the glass. This pri-cess ..
"ill h.birden the articles so that they
will not be s, easily broken.
Equal parts of ammonia and turpen-
tine will take paint out of clothing,.
even if it be hard and dry. Saturate_
the spot often as necessary, and wash
Ourt in soapsuds.
Fish gridiions should be scoured
i ith bathbrick powder or whiting ev-
ery time they are used, in order to
ke-ip them perfectly smooth and clean,
other wise they will torment the cook
by sticking and tearing the fish.
When there is no special fish gridiron,
the ordinary broiler must be scoured.
smooth and clean, both before and
after using it, to prevent sticking, and
destroy any remaining odor or flavor
which the fish might comnminicate to
meat or poultry broiled upon it.
When the glass globes of chande-
liers have become smnked and grimy,
soak them in hot water, to which a
little sal soda has been added. Then
put some ammonia into hot water, en-
ter the globes and scrub briskly with a
stiff brush. Rinse thoroughly and
wipe dry.-Am-erican Cur!i':'atr.

Wc-ak-ot..i. llnii.r ini:gesrnon and
It care, .i i, lv F-'r -ale by all dealers in
mec-dl e. c Gt ibe genuine.

- _u


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-' ., ;,.0
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- '-I-' -~ -


- .. P.


O1naunental tIorticulture.
P. 0. Address, Switzerland, Fla.

Elsewhere we publish an inquiry
about Petunias. Who can answer?
S Personally we have had no experience
in Florida except with a double Petu-
nia, which did remarkably well until
the rainy season came on, when it
soon drooped and and died.
Who has succeeded with double
Petunias in Florida? Can they be
grown in the open ground? Will the
more common single Petunias self sow
their seeds and come up year after
year as they do at the North ?
Southern Floriculture.
This is the title of a new book writ-
ten by James Morton, Clarksville,
Tenn. ; price, one dollar. The book
is intended to supply a long-felt want.
The following is the opening sentence
of the preface:
A rapidly growing demand for in-
formation on the subject of Floricul
lure from correspondents in widely

edge th
ture tha
gent in
best res
- fully ex
in a cli
a pursue
cation o
We h
such vo
rhust be
good o0
The nex
13 page
would e
the mou
--- cultivate
are not
i- \e C
book to
them th

*- The-n
ticed, is
stands t]
-.At this'
S tie. injury

a- an:open

to the pots. If entirely dormant they,
will sometimes endure one or two de-
grees of frost, but if the sap is flowing
at all, it is not safe to trust them to
any exposure to frost.
Editor Ornamenta Horticulture;
I have seen nothing in the FARMER
AND FRUIT GROWER concerning Pe-
tunias. Has any one tried to raise
them in Florida? They are my best
growing flower. I have only a small
bed of them, all purple ones. I did
have a very nice lot of them, but when
I took them up in the summer (the sun
is so hot that they cannot stand it).
through my carelessness, they died;
but they happened to have one or two
dry seed pods. and I planted the seed,
and now have some more, not so nice
Roses do very well down here. I
have an Arch Duchess Isabella that
has twehe buds and some roses on it
now. and it is only two years old.
Hypoluso, Dade County, Fla.

A First Prize Gladiolus.
Gladiolus seem to take so kindly to
Florida soils and climate that we be-
lieve our readers will be interested in
the following account of a new variety
whirlch ia nihlishedrl in the Amwicnn'

introduced as the Snow White by the
Messrs.. Hallock, and we presume the
bulbs (or corms rather) may be pro-
cured from any reputable dealer in
Aristoloohia Indica.
The series of experiments with this
great antidote, to which we referred in
our last issue, were made chiefly by R.
Lowther, then Commissioner in India,
and Mr. Breton, Deputy Collector of
The virtues of the Aristolochia In-
dica were first brought to the notice
of the latter by an incident that oc-
curred on his own premises in India.
A Cobra, to the intense alarm of
his servants, had taken up its resi-
dence in a mound formed by white
ants, and one day, when a couple of
native snake-catchers came into the
neighborhood, Mr. Breton gladly
seized the opportunity of getting rid
of the dreaded intruder by having it
dug out.
The snake catcher who was at work,
after penetrating to a considerable
depth, incautiously used his finger for
the purpose of ascertaining the direc-
tion of the hole; he had no idea that
he had reached its termination, but

in Wood's Natural History, we shall
now quote:
A young Hindoo woman was
brought to my door in a charpoy, or"
litter, in a state so apparently lifeless
from a snake. bite that-I had nohesita-
tion in refusing to prescribe. An offi-
cer who was on a visit at my house at
the time, considered the-woman- be-:
yound the power of human relief, and
advised me to send her away, as my.
failure would cast discredit on a rem-
edy that was attracting public atten-
The woman's husband manifested
great distress at my refusal, at the same
time urging that as the medicine had
been prepared, I might, at any .rate,
give his wife the chance of recovery.
I explained to him my motives, and
my firm belief that his wife was dead
long before he had reached my door.
She was as cold as marble r there was
no pulsation ; countenance death-like.
However, rather than add to his dis-
tress by persisting in my refusal, I
forced her jaws open and poured
down her throat three medium sized
leaves of the Aristolochia Indica, with
ten black peppercorns, diluted with a
graduated ounce of water. The rem-
edy having flowed into' her.stomach,
I directed her body to be raised and
supported in a sitting position, and
waited with some anxiety, though
without the slightest prospect of suc-

oa parts o me outri ; a k ow- r-- ... ............. I attentively watched her features,
it no work exists on plant cul. Garden: such proved to be the fact, as his in- and in the course of eight or ten miti-
at affords the amateur intelli- \Ve always take pleasure in calling ger was seized upon by the terrible utes I observed a slight pulsation on
formation of how to get the attention to a worthy new plan. The fangs of the Cobra. her under lip. I instantly directed her
ults from flowering and orna- gladiolus family has many beautiful The snake-catcher's partner at once husband, with the aid of my own ser-
plants in our peculiar climate, varieties that are deservedly popular. rushed off to the bank ofa stream close vants, to drag her about for the pur-
r with a great desire to more Last month we illustrated a new pose, if possible, of increasing the cir-
tend the love of Floriculture ,warf type and now we present for by, and returned with. some leaves, culation. Supported by two men, -
nate congenial to so fascinating consideration a variety that has had which he bruised on a stone, and then holding her up by the waist and.arms,
lit, formed a combination of the "stain of newness" worn off by gave to his companion, who, though she was moved about, her feet help-
tances that induced the publi- a ten years' trial, though not of- suffering intense pain in. his finger, lessly dragging after her. After the
f the present volume." feared to the public. we believe, until evinced no alarm ; lie quietly chewed lapse of a few minutes, I perceived an
ave long felt the need of some this season. This seedling gladiolus id a h ,e -. attempt, on the part of.the patient, to
lume. This one is byno means originated with J. F. C. Hyde, of and swallowed the leaves, and in half use her feet. I accordingly directed
The first edition of any work Newton, Mass., who first exhibited it an hour completed the capture of the them to raise her body sufficiently
Iws i- at the the NI'assachuserts Horticultural snake. He told Mr. Breton that the high to admit of the soles of her feet
Society show in 1879. As "Hyde's plant was a certain specific, and that being placed on a level with the
corrected in subsequent edi- White" gladiolus it won various prizes, it was the custom of snake-catchers ground.
But it is a beginning, and a until in 1881 it secured the "prospec- In a few minutes she gave a deep
ne. tive prize" as the --best seedling, flow- and charmers to carry some of the inspiration, accompanied by a kind of ..-
irst 48 pages are devoted to ermng or foliage plant." for which any dried root or leaves about with them shriek, manifesting the return of con,
riet and cutu competitor must be shown for three in case of need; he also added that he sciousness. This was followed by an
e pages eat uth e consecutive years. For a description had forgotten to bring any that morn- exclamation, "A fire is consuming my
xt 40 pages treat of the Chrys. we cannot do better than quote from n vitals!" At this time her chest and
um. Geraniums fill the next 'the report of a committee of the NMas- ing, and if he and his companion had arms were deadly cold. I immedi- .
s. Possibly some of the hints sachusetts Horticultural Society: not noticed the plant growing near by, ately gave her the pulp of one leaf in .
unable our readers to grow Ge "Mr. Hyde has taken great care in he would not have ventured to catch an ounce of water, which greatly alle-
'the selection of his corms and has fully the Cobra. viated the burning pain in the stom-
in the open air in Florida. fixed the flower in its character. The. At Mr. Breton's request he was ach. a'e
balance of the book treats of all plant proves even more vigorous than She was then enabled to explain.
st common species of plants last year, throwing up a strong flowel shown tl'ie plant-which, by the way, the position of .the wound, bn-her in-
ed in the South, and some that stem four feet in height, crowned with by a singular provision of nature, step, which had the appearance of a
so common. a remarkably full spike of very large, slheds its life-saving leaves at the sea- small speck of ink, surrounded by a
well expanded flowers, facing boldly son when the snakes lie sleeping in light-colored circle. I had the part-",
:an heartily recommend the to one side. Many of the terminal, their holes. As a matter of course, it well rubbed with AristQlochia, after--
our readers, but must warn flowers are semi-double. The growth was at once transplanted into his gar- which she was able; to walk without as- .-,4
at in this case, as in all others, is peculiarly vigorous, giving an av- den, and later on, being himself trans- distance. I kept her walking' p and;.':f
sense is needed in applying its' erage of three stems to each bulb; fecrred to another post, Mr. Breton car- down for at least two hours. Having--
many of them have five and we no- rioid his treasure along, and" success- expressed herself entirely recovered, ;-
ticed one with seven stems, indicating fully treated a great many cases of I allowed her to depart. She called -
nost serious error we have no- a remarkably prolific character, which snake bite. Still later, this gentleman on me the following sh'&
the statement that the "Hoya will greatly add to its fa\or with the "'moved on" to a station so distant herself.. The snake was a Cobra.
he winters in the Gull States." public. Your committee are unani- that he could not take the plant,which, (coNCLmUDED NEXT WBBB .) -.
place, where comparatively lit- mous in the opinion that it is the best together with its history, he turned ."
white gladiolus yet introduced." over to Mr. Lowther,- the Commis- -M y rsdt .' -
iy was done. by the frost of These' are strong words, from a con- sioner already mentioned, from whose Are broken dow"nf'rto Sin &brdTlah
7t.h, Hoyas on a shelf, under 'servative old society, butare uidoubt- interesting reports of his experiments care rowdr's Irof ti e -s
shFed, .6etdkilled' lni-st down edly meriTed. The variety is le3ig whih the Aristolochia Indica,.as given beis bWe;s'andcrs t -

I- -. '
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SMAY 22, 1890]






VOL. IV. "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. i7.

Of the State Farmers' Alliance o
WHEREKt, The general condition of our country
Imperatively demands unity of action on the part o
the laboring classes, reformation in economy, an
the dissemination of principles best calculate,
to encourage and foster agricultural and mechanic
cal pursuits, encouraging the tolling masses-
leading them in the road to prosperity, am
providing a just and fair remuneration fo
labor, a Just exchange for our commodities an
the best means of securing to the laboring classes
the greatest amount of good, we hold to the prioclpl
that all monopolies are dangerous to the best inter
ests of our country, tending to enslave a free people
and subvert and finally overthrow the great prince
iles purchased by our forefathers of America]
We, therefore, adopt the following as our declare
Bton of principles:
1. To labor for the education of the agriculture
classes In the science of economic government in i
strictly non-partisan spirit, and to bring about 4
moreperfect union of said classes.
2. That we demand equal rights to all and specia
favors to none.
S. That we return to the old principles of letting
the office seek the man, instead of the man seeking
the office.
4. To endorse the motto, "In things essential unity
and In all things charity.I
5. To develop a better state mentally, morally
socially and financially.
To create a bete er utter standing for sustaining
our civil ofcere in maintaining law and order.
7. To constantly strive to secure entire harmony
and good wlIl to all mankind and brotherly lovo
among ourselves.
8. To supress personal, local sectional and na
t6onal prejudices, all unhealthfuA rivalry and selfish
9. The brightest jewels which It garners are th(
tears of widows and orphans, and Its Imperativ4
. C- Cumrr.,nu.Is .r? 10 visit the homes where aerated
b-ar.i are bleeding, to assuage the sufferings of a
b .,ort r or si-ter, bury the dead, care for the widows
and educate the orphans; to exercise charity toward
offenders; to construe words and deeds in their most
favorable llght,granting honesty of purpose and good
i Intentions to others, and to protect the rinciples of
the National Farmers' Alliance and Co-operatIve
S Union until death. Its laws are reason and equity-
}tscardlnal doctrines inSpire purity of thought arid
A. l'e ir a lution I "On earth, peace and good will
_.t *

W. I. VASON, . Editor.
P. 0. Address, Tallahassee, Fl,

Notice to the Farmers Alliances.
The Presidents of all County Alli-
ances below named are hereby re-
spectively requested to call their re-
Sspective Alliances together at the time
designated, and at such central point
(if not herein named) as may be ac-
': cessible by railroad, viz:
Pasco, Dade City, Thursday, May 22.
BHernaudo, Brooksvile, Saturday, May 24.
SSumter, Monday, May *2.
Alaehua, Wednesday, May 28.
Levy, Tueed -y, June 10.
Citrus, Thaurasdlay, June 12.
Lake, Saturday, June 11.
Volusla, Tuesday, June 17.
St. Johns, rbursday, June 1.
Putnam, Saturday, June 21.
Clay, Monday. June L,.3
Brad ord, Wednesday, June 25.
If deemed expedient for the good
of the order, will make a public ad-
dress on the aims and objects of the
Farmers' Alliance in the forenoon,
and in the afternoon will exemplify
the ritualistic work to the members-of
rhe Alliance.
Respectfully and fraternally,
President State Alliance.
S P. S.-Papers in each of the above
counties friendly to the Farmers Alli- 1
dancee please copy.

Let .every Sub-Alliance in the State
pay at once the five cents per capital. i
It is -greatly needed now, though not i
due until the last quarter in this year. c
Pay it in advance.



He Endorses the Alliance Platfor
r of Principles, Because it Spring
i from the People--The Homr
Owners Should Rule the Countr
r STEUBENVILLE, 0., May ii.-
few weeks ago, J. A. Hill, corre
a ponding secretary of the Oak Gro
lodge, No. 22, Farmers Allianc
near this city, wrote to ex-Presidei
Cleveland, enclosing a'copy of th
declaration of purposes of the Allianc
and asking for Mr. Cleveland's viev
Mr. Cleveland's reply was:
MARCH, 24, 1890.-J. A. Hil
Corresponding Secretary-Dear Sir
I have received your letter, accompi
nied by a copy of the declaration o
principles of the Farmers Alliance.
I see nothing in this declaration
that cannot be fully endorsed by an
man who loves his country; who be
lives that the object of our govern
ment should be the freedom, pros
perity and happiness of all our people
and who believes that justice and fair
ness to all are necessary conditions to
its useful administration.
It has always seemed to me, tha
the farmers of the country were es
pecially interested in the equitable ad
justment of our tariff system. The in
difference they have shown to tha
question, and the ease with whict
they haye been led away from a sobei
consideration of their needs and theii
rights, as related to this subject, have
excited my surprise.
Struggle as they might, our farmers
must continue to be the purchasers
and consumers of the numberless
things enhanced in cost by tariff reg-
ulations. Surely they have a right to
say that this cost shall not be in-
creased for the purpose of collecting
unnecessary revenue, or to give un-
due advantage to domestic manu-
The plea that our infant industries
need protection, which thus impov-
erishes the farmer and consumer, is, in
view of our natural advantages and
skill, and the ingenuity of our people,
a hollow pretext.
Struggle as they may, our farmers
cannot escape the conditions which
fix the price of what they produce and
sell. according to the rates which pre-
vail in foreign markets, flooded with
the competition of countries enjoying
ia freer exchange of trade than we.
The plausible presentation of the
blessings of a home market should not
receive our depressed and impover-
shed agriculturists. There is no home
market for them which does not take
ts instructions from the seaboard,
nd the seaboard transmits the word
)f foreign markets.
Because my conviction that there

[E should be a modification of our tariff training my article on Agricultural
laws arose principally from an appre- Depression and its Causes, to a careful
citation of the wants of the vast army reading of which I commend you.
m of consumers, comprising our farmers, The newspaper clipping which you
gs our artisans and our workingmen, and kindly furnished is made up of about.
e- because their condition has led me to equal parts of "assumption and igno-
y. protest against the present imposition, rance," and I would only suggest, in
A I am especially glad to see these asso- addition to what you will find in my
s- citations of fellow-countrymen arous- article, that the United States sup-
ve ing themselves to the importance of plies but a portion of the wheat crop
e tariff reform, of the world. Whatever we raise be-
t Yours, very truly, yond the requirements of our own,
ie GROVER CLEVELAND. consumption must be sold in the mar-
e, Millions of souls in this broad land kets of the world i,r competition with
s are to-day made happy at this plain that grown by Russian 'ex-serfs, Indian
and determined announcement. ryots and South American peons, who
That a man who had reached the are contented to work for a bare sub.
highest pinacle of fame, who had been sistence upon a scale of living to which
exalted to the highest place within the the American farmer can never de-
1, gift of his countrymen, whose highest scend. It is not the crop of the!.
: earthly ambition had been gratified; United States, but the surplus produc-
a- that he should stand uncovered before tion of the world that has reduced the
)f the humble toilers of the soil is truly' price per bushel of wheat, even when"
grand, noble and sublime, our own crop is small.: For this rea-.
n The announcement has thrilled son, a reason which the writer of the;
y every farmer's heart with joy. It has clipping in question evidently does not
- bouyed the strong and strengthened appreciate, we have frequently had-,
i- the weak, and assured the world of large crops and good prices, and small
s- complete success for this worthy order, crops and low prices.
; With Cleveland in our ranks we fear I have read the clipping you enclose,
- no racket. Let the "machine politi- and now request that you will give :
o cian" "howl on" with his billingsgate. the report which was criticisedd an
Let them call us "Hayseed of social- equally careful perusal.
t ism," "farmer politicians," "statisti- Very respectfully,
- cal cranks" and so on; we can stand J. R. DODGE,
- it if they can. Every time they strike Statistician.
- us, like the rubber ball, the higher we :
This hurts "Grandma."-ED. DIVISION OF STATISTICS,
r .a, WASHINGTON, D. C., May 3, 1890. "
r Overproduction Controversy. or armer and Frit roer:
PINELLAS,.FLA., May 7, 1890. r Farmer and Fruit Grower ..
W J. Vason, Esq., Editor Alliance SIR:, I notice in your: issue of the
.Department: 24th of April a criticism of my article
I was well pleased with your criti- on Agricultural Depression and its
cism of Statistician Dodge's article on Causes, m lne with a criticism which
agricultural depression. first appeared in the National Econo-
I was anxious that he should see it, miAs yout of this cipapety
so I sent it to him. Herein is his re As you ev nly have this paper I .
ply. I think he must be right in this regularly I ld end to you
wheat argument. One thing is cer. my answer which appeared in the
tainly clear, there is not money issue following the one from which
enough in circulation Trusts and you quote, and which has never yet.
enough in circulation. Trusts and been controvgrted. If you desire toi
combines for purposes of robbery must be fair and just I would suggest that
be checked., I think it possible for be fair and just I would suggest that
the Alliance to change th e current so you publish my communication refer- ,
the Alliance to change the red to, and thus leathe current sod o, and thus leave the matter to.
that the tide may flow the other way the intelligence of your readers. -
for a generation or two. The wheel y e e .
goes round and the bottom fellow will Very J. R. Respect GE
eventually be the top fellow--vice Staistician.
NEELD. The foregoing correspondence grew
out of an article in our issue of April
U. S. DEPT OF AGRICULTURE, 24th under the heading, "Govern-
S. eSTATISTGICS, m entDodge." Our purpose is always
DIVISION, OF STATISTS, 1 to be fair, open, courteous and dispas-
WASHINGTON, D. C., May 3, 89o. sionate. e wish we could commend
Wmi. P. eeld, Pinellas, Fla.: Mr. Dodge for the same high traits of
SIR: I am in receipt of your favor character, when he charges us with
of the 18th of April, and in accord- "assumption and ignorance," and de-
ance with your request I take pleasure fines us as a "socialistic crank" and
ih sending herewith a copy of the a "political farmer." Evidently Mr.
April report of this Division. I also. Dodge's passion has got the better of-
send a copy of the March report con- his argument. This kind of business

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MAY 22, 1890]





a ;_ *
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: a

does not satisfy the people. Because which threatens further loss and dan- an added population of bread eaters the grossest character. Out of that
they refuse to be comforted, Mr. ger to agriculture. numbering nearly 20,000,000. An ignorance I have spoken things of r
Dodge gets mad, just what every one Now, you and I, Mr. Editor, should increase in foreign consumers of wheat which I am now ashamed and greatly
does when he has no argument. frown upon these enemies of agricul- by 377.7 per cent. Our own popula- grieved, and which I shall undo if life
We give Mr. Dodge's reply in full, ture, and join in leading the farmer to tion in 1870, the nearest census year and opportunity are spared me."
and fail to find in it anything to more profitable fields of effort, for the to 1868, was nearly 39,000,000. Mr. The laboring classes of all civilized
alter our position first taken, and we want of which there is underproduc- Dodge estimates the increase for ten nations have been, and are, as a body,
answer it through our friend, Ernest tion as a whole, a lack of production years at 30 per cent., in the National poor. Nearly all wealth is the pro-
Hollenbeck, whose reply sweeps the which is solely needed, and which Economist of April 12, which is the duction of labor;, therefore, laborers
field and leaves norhirg for us to say, would increase the revenues of farmers usual estimate of 3 per cent. a year. would have possessed it had not some-,
but that .-.verproduction" *.. s adi.d" by hundreds of millions of dollars. This gives 60 per cent. increase from thing intervened to prevent this nat ..
and a fraud. Here yet.-Ed. I commend to your consideration 1868 to 1888; or over 23,000,000 ural result. Even in our own coun-
the dictum of the editor of the Iowa bread consumers added to our own try, where the reward of labor is
MR. DrorGE MAKES A.NSA.ER. hffo.'sc/Jad, concerning wheat and population. greater than in, most others, some
Edfi/tr A\'t *,7,:! /".'..'.* .'..., Your corn, that -"farmers would be much To be reasonably exact, there were cause is operating with continual and
criticism of in) position relative to better off if not a bushel of these prod- 41.5 millions of consumers in 1868 growing effect-to separate production
o\erproducti.on of wheat is entirely ir ucts was exported at present prices." and 81.5 millions in 1888. In round from the producer. The wrong is evi-:
releva nt.failing toi r.u,c:h the ital p, int. I fully agree with him. numbers, an increase of 100 per cent. dent, but neither statesmen nor phi-,
Therefore I pass by your wild wonder There isanothercauseof lowprices, or 5 per cent. per annum. lanthropists have traced it to its true
ing among the figures of production the combinations and greed of middle- From the Finance Report of 1889, source; and hence they have not been
and distribution. Your view is too men, which was the subject of exposi- Vol. 2, "Commerce and Navigation able to project any plan sufficient for
narrow. You treat an international tion and animadversion in my official of the United States, page -," we its removal. .
question solely from a national point review of agricultural depression and learn that the average export of wheat We desire to illustrate its operations
of view. 'You forget that the foreign its causes. You do not openly oppose and flour made this brilliant retreat: so plainly, and variously that we think
demand makes the price, and want of that, but I hope that is not also the Wheat Wheat flour per any ordinary mind may easily perceive
it leaves us in a condition of overpro- object of your criticism, as I should s868............ er be.97 I. 69 how it has produced and contin-
duction; and that such demand was be sorry to see you espouse the cause 1888............. .8 4.579 l ued -this unnatural oppression of
186,oo000,000o bushels from the crop of of the middlemen. average annual loss of ,.75 pe r laborers. It will also be shown, with
IS0. and only 83,000,000 bushels for J DODG0 cent. on export price. equal clearness, that ai simple and
thai of ISSS. leaving 31 2,000,o0oo bush- "' price. effectual remedy can be applied to the
els only from the largest crop ever pro. The "Overproduction" Theory a Now, wil statistician Dodge, C. removal of the evil.
ducked up to that date. Some of our Fraud.' Wood'Davis, the Forum, the Ametican removal of theevil.
duced up to that date. Some of our Fraud. Economist and their allies, please ex- A good government must have some
largest crops have sold at the highest 1', ERNEST HOLLENBECK. plain how "over-production" which system by which it can secure the dis-
prices, and some of our smallest crops J. R. Dodge, United States statis- amounted to 5.f per cent. increase in tribution of property according to the
at the lowest prices, simply because tician in the Department of Agricul- area per annum, total production 4.3 earnings of labor, and at the same
we depend on a foreign market for the ture, labors vigorously to prove there percent. increase per annum, metiby time strictly preserve the rights of
purchase of ten million acres of our is "-overproduction" of agricultural an increase of 5 per cent. per annum property; and nogovernment,whether
wheat. staples in his March report. C. W. in consumers caused an increase of Republican or not, that fails in these
It is the pressure of foreign compe- Davis, in April Forum, proves the only iper cent. per annum in total particulars, can insure the freedom
tinon on that part of our production same heinous crime against farmers to value and 2.7'5 per cent. annual loss and happiness of the people and be-
that goes abroad which reduces prices, his own satisfaction. The American in export value? come permanent.
The reduction makes possible the sale E-cno,,ist of April 4 quotes both ap In the light of United States statis- The plan proposed to secure this
of the surplus. And after all, not- provinly, as becomes the organ of tics the cryof "over-production" looks distribution is obviously safe and cer-
withstanding juggling with the figures the Tariff League. In the National like a fraud. tain, and it contemplates no agrarian or
of production, the supply left for home Economist of April 12, Statistician Probably these gentlemen are not other similar distribution of property,
consumption after deducting exports) Dodge "comes back at".the editor for economic or socialistic cranks, or po- nor any interference in contracts be-
has increased as follows : criticising his March report, and in- litical farmers." Pssibly they are tween laborers and capitalists, or in
Product. Esport. Net supply sinuates those who disagree with him not even professional jugglers ofa the usual course of business. Fulfill-
not even professional jugglers ofstatis- .
67. --7,. ..1i2''i, 728 F4 52 3,-7 2.27.16i,.S, are "cranks or political farmers." tics. Please plain to us unlettered mg these requirements, it can hardly
Each of these persons, being expert folk the msteriesof statistics fail to recommend itself to all thinking
The average for the last decade statisticians, understand the art' of, m ys. i. satic men. Therefore, it is confidently be-
(i8so-89) was 323,0oo0,ooo bushels making statistics proveanything. Pos- This settles the hash.---ED. lived that when the plan shall be-
per annum; for the previous decade sibly some of them will kindly explain come generally known it will be
(1870-79) it was 227, bushels. some more of their statistics. From Finance and Labor-No.1. quickly put into operation, and thus
This is an increase of 4-2 per cent. page 122 of the Eleventh Statistical BY THOMAS BROOKS. save the producers of this nation
against an increase of 30 per cent. in Abstract of the United States, 1888 Were we to write volumes, we could from the oppression, degradation and
population. So the supply has in- we learn that the wheat crop of pre- not give more wholesome or timely misery which have befallen the labor-
creased absolutely and per capital, ceding twenty years developed, as advice to the opponents of the Farm- ing classes of all other countries.
even after forcing off in exports at un- shown in this table-. ers' Alliance than given in an extract The most important fundamental
remunerative prices, m p- a -0. from Daniel Webster. Our bitterest law in any nation is that which insti-
It does not need much examination ", .'aBa ,Tal rale. and. most unreasonable opposition tutes money ; for money governs the
of the statistics of our production of tsos .... 2 s.., 16,IS,12 i9,195 -iO comes from a class of men possessing distribution of property,, and thus
wheat to decide that a surplus of 126,- l&i .. 415,Ni,L,,, 37,3 A .i,5 a85,21i,,0.i much intelligence upon all questions affects, in a thousand ways, the rela-
ooc,00ooo bushels is overproduction Percent gain s.'.6 102.2. S2. but upon that of money, and here tions of man to man. If wrongly in-
if -it is not wanted abroad at The area increased 5.i per cent. their ignorance is profound, and it is stituted, it cannot be rightly governed
a paying price, and especially if per annum, the total production 4.3 well'pictured by Webster when he by any subsequent laws; and the
only a part of it will be taken per cenr. per annum, and the total said: "By far the most valuable, wrong distribution of property conse-
at the prices which serfs and semi- value only i per cent. per annum. practical knowledge that can illumine quent upon it must corrupt society in
savages are willing to take. When From page 131 we learn that the the mind of man is that concerning all its branches. The evils engendered
we see three eighths of the great crop export grew as follows: money. A correct knowledge of its can never be remedied except by al-
of 188o going off at good prices while Irheat. T"n'.wr'ai Fr. principles and operations is worth ,ering the fundamental law. Changes .
inly one fifth of the small crop of i., .................... .it.'ii9 2;076,42s more to the merchant and .the man of in the subsequent law, so long as tsiey
rS88 is sold at starvation prices, is it ls ........................' 'i t enterprise than the capital invested are founded on a wrong base, can
ndt about time to cry overproduction Purcent. gain...... ali.s i7.i in the business ; and to the farmer, the only result in the exchange of one evil
nd a halt in this slave-competing and The export rosetooveronehundred artisan, the salary or wage laborer, for another. The proposition that
senseless drudgery? and fifty million bushels two years of than the outcome of ten years of his wrong premises will produce wrong
. amn a member of the Grange, and the twenty, and exceeded the export toil. Yet, even among merchants conclusions is often stated, yet it is.
have given my life to the study of of 1888 for ten years of the twenty, and those. who conduct the great en- seldom fully understood and properly
practical agriculture in the field, the omitting the flour export. So the terprises of the country, hardly one in appreciated.
igrjcultural sanctum, and as editor of comparison of 1888 with 1868 gives a thousand has any real correct knowl. We will, therefore, by means of one-
he-reports of agriculture, and desire them odds in the argument. edge of a matter, which, more than all or two simple illustrations, show the -
o speak for the working farmer, not Allowing the-usual estimate- of five others, should receive their profound growing power of a -.
s .an economic or socialistic crank, or bushels per capital, or its equivalent, study. It is almost universally true ciple.
Sp0oltical .farmer,, a- crop. of which one barrel of flour, the increased for- that that which is counted as a knowl- A good house cannot be built, x-. T _
here _is overproductioni at present, eign export demand is equivalent to edge of money is really ignorance of cept upon a good" foundation. .The---
_: .- .._ -a c of. .ep upo a good.- .- ., -fo.n.d...t-o.n
.: _. Z -5.. .:: ... .
N ---- 0"_0"" ." .. o -" - "- ". "-'--Z r .. e


mason work above may be laid of the who have all th
best material and by the best work- wise and sayi[
men; but if the foundation be not such men have
sound, and sink at each corner from the title of the 1
ten to twenty inches, although the perceptive abilil
house should not fall, yet this move- the measure on
ment of the foundation will distort most solemn ir
the floors, ceilings, roof and rooms unconstitutional
from their proper shape; and no prop- sons know abou
ping or patching up of floors, ceilings, stations of the
roof or rooms will ever make- the and more profoi
house a good one. It will be directly sub-treasury bill
the opposite; it will be a poor one; and is just now
and as the foundation continues to ordeal. A few
i move, will constantly need repairs. sentatives are re
A valuable machine cannot be in- method of moul
vented except upon true mechanical A glance at the
principles. Let a man invent that when the i
chine founded upon a false principle, backs was first
Every part of it may be well made of ed to be uncont
the best material, and when finished present national
it mayepresent a plausible appearance, introduced it wa
yet it either will not work at all, or it trary to law.
will imperfectly, and can never be certificates were
good until it is founded on true me- 'class of legislate
chanical principles. The stability of ilar reasons. Y
a house shows the character of its cided all these
foundation; the results produced by a within-the provi
machine show the worth or worthless- discuss the cons
S ness of the principle on which it was outside of .a c(
invented, and with equal certainty holding a deba
the centralization of property in a na- fog-horn. A 1
tion shows the character of its mone- 'added to plain
t. ry laws. goes a long.'v,
'If great wrongs prevail while there correct conclusi
is a general conformity to laws appa- bill can be.consi
rently designed to secure justice, there editions with mui
rhust be, in spite of appearances, some ple, Mr. .A, wl
defective law or institution which is a United States b
sufficient cause of-those wrongs. The tain regulations,
general evils naturally and' inevitably Secretary of the
.flowing from it are easily seen, like 90per cent,, or
the parts of the building above ground, .hepays an inter
and like the wheels of, the machine .of one per cent.
that are open to view, while the great ing interest on t
radical defect in the ground-work may in the meantime.
be so hidden from public sight as to has $iQ,oqo :n
attract, comparatively, little attention. take it- to the san
Oneof the chief objects for which gov.- for, and receive(
ernments are constituted, is to insure silver certificates
the protection ol the rights of property. has without cost
The security of these rights is essen. tions are pronou
tial to the welfare of a people. Their imate, and cc
infringement is the cause of nearly all has $1oo,ooo
legal procedures. Such crimes as cotton, all in go
theft, gambling, fraud in business, labor, and a par
bribe'y in courts of haw, etc., consist country. He g
in unjustly obtaining property without the Treasury
rendering an equivalent. To obtain ble buildings
labor without rendering a fair equiva- too, may store h
lent, is also a violation of the rights and receive in
of property. their value, upo
(TO BE coNriNpED to pay i per ce
S* and also allow a
Objections and Objectors. and insurance.
Every bill presented to Congress, mur of disappro
especially one representing advanced hands of these
ideas on economic subjects, is cornm- held up in holy
pelled to pass'through a regular grade worn-outobjecti
of criticism. When first introduced is heard. Now t
they.are classed as meddlesome trash, does the constit
,.. foolish notions or cranky absurdities, two propositions
-' After-being taken up in committee or stutionality of
discussed by the press, a regular line Only one answer
-. : of objections is made as to certain
features. It is too complicated in its Letter fro
;7,! application, or too much of an inova- Edjiorof the Allian
i'- ion, or.would;disturb present condi- DEAR StR.--A
lions that are now running along so the Ocklocknee
smoothly, ab'd, it is:always. best to let inst., business
'- -well endugh'alone. It soon follows was transacted.
Sthat'these objectionss are -trifling, and sustaining the a(
really do not touch the question Alliance Congre
i-uoltved. .A t-this point the -legisla- lantaion March
i.. e re serve force is brought our. -those on -. bagging a.

is t
t th
I ba
s als
rs o
ho o

epst (
he b
. A
n 5i
ne p
s, th

od o
t of
is c
n w

tce D
t a'
of -
,ss -
' 19

ime been looking we unanimously agree to let jute bag- These impliedpowers have been ev'ked,
nothing. : Usually going severely alone. Also, the Sub- and we simply propose to evokeAthem
er read more than Treasury system was discussed and a again. We apprehend no difficulty in
and are lacking in petition duly signed by the members finding men with equally as broad and
sufficient to discuss for the passage of a bill in Congress catholic views as those that lived in
merits, but in the to that end, which petition I herewith the day of Mr. Jefferson, who will be
ter will declare it enclose to you for you to dispose of willing to represent us in Congress and
The less such per- by sending to Headquarters. get upon the Sub-Treasury bill with
e powers and limi- Your article in the issue of the or- both feet. and stay there until Gabriel -*
titution, the wiser gan of May i, in reference to Con- shall sound his trumpet.
they appear. The gressman Oates was read, and we -
reached this stage, think tnat a good rule to measure our Another Enemy.
idergoing such an congressman by. as also our legisla- A Callahan Allianceman writes to
nators and Repre- tors, that are to be elected the Tines-Ui;:;n giving expression to
ing to this ancient this fall; and we would recommend his opposition to the Sub-Treasury
g public opinion, that every County Alliance in the bill, and goes on in a long-winded
t discloses the fact State appoint a committee at their strain pointing out the evils that at-
of issuing green- next meeting in June for the purpose flict the nation, and then brings forth
incedit-wasdeclar- of applying the "yard stick" to all the a remedy of his own in which there is
ional. When the aspirants for those honors, for we as just about as much practicability
inking system was much need State laws as we do na and as much chance of accomplish-
o pronounced con- tional; and by-the-way, it seems to me a ment as an appeal to all mankind to
en gold and silver senator is to be elected by the next become regenerate and righteous, that
Liked of this same legislature. We will need good men the millennium may dawn at once.
opposed it for sim. as well as a good man. Let them be This writer fails to conceal the
he courts have 'de- measured soon, let them be measured "cloven foot." Would that charity
asures, as strictly .late. See that they "don't kick." might permit us to enter for. him a'
as of. the law. To Yours rruly, plea of ignorance. But we can see
tionality ofa bill JAtMEs HOLLAND, nothing in him but the "wolf in
is generally like President OcklockneeSub-Alliance. sheep's clothing," and "satan in the
ith a windmill or Ocklocknee, Fla., May 12, w. livery of heaven." He proclaims to
Common .sense Your head is entirely level, Bro. the world that he is an "Alliance-
cedents, however, Holland; you are plumbing the line. man," and then flaunts disloyalty and
to-wards, forming Nothing like the Alliance "'yard- treachery in the face of the order
SThe sub-treasury stick."-ED. which he has solemnly sworn to
ed.under ;such con- sustain.
profit. For exam- Constitutional. Did this writer understand that the
wns .$i,op,ooo in Those who entertain scruples about Sub-Treasury bill is the offspring of
s, can, under cer- the constitutionality of the Sub Treas- the order? that it was originated and -_
osit them with the ury bill may find comfort in Thomas 'formulated by the National Alliance,
[asury and receive Jefferson's writings, as Mr. Jefferson ,which is the head and heart of the
i'opo, upon which was the master spirit who formulated order? Did he reflect that, as an
)r ,.taxaof onerhalf that famous instrument, as well as the Allianceman, he had taken upon hi- .
ni-annually, draw- declaration of independence. Mr. Jef- self an obligation as sacred and as
londs so deposited person, feeling that it would be imprac- solemn as ever reached the conscience
gain, Mr..B, who ticable to embrace within the limits of of man to stand by the bebests of the
ilver bullion, can our written Constitution everything order? He must now stand by his
lace, have it cared that the future needs of the country plighted faith or leave the camp. The
oo00,00oo dollars in may demand, very wisely said that the order cannot tolerate any taress
.e use'of which he "implied powers therein should be among the wheat." It contains no
These two tfansac- ,largely evoked as the occasion arose soil for the growth of the "seeds of .
d beneficial, legit- idemandipg such service." In pursu discord."
turional. Mr. C ,ance of this policy the history of our The Sub-Treasury plan is a cardinal
th of wheat and ,country furnishes ample evidence principle of the Alliance policy. It is
>rder, a product of ,where it was put into practical effect. inscribed upon the flag under which
the wealth of the 'In the purchase of Louisiana by the the order is fighting. Our line of
to the Secretary of Onited States Government there was battle is drawn and we are confronted .
asks that suita- no express provision contained in the by an allied and powerful foe. Hos- a-:
erected that he, Constitution, yet we find, under Mr. utility to our flag by an Alliancemarnis. '^
:otton and wheat Jefferson's administration, Congressap a desertion of his colors in the face
ey 80 per cent. of propriated $i5,000,000 for that pur- of the enemy, which is treason to the-:_
,hich he is willing pose. And again, we find that in order he has sworn to defend. .-
interest annually, 1824 Congress, by appropriation, paid If this writer cannot "conscien-
r price for storing in cash $200,000 to General LaFayette, tiously" fight for our flag inside of.the ..
immediately a mur. and donated to him 24.000 acres ol order, he must get outside of the or-
is heard, and the land; and we find no express power der to fight against it. If Callahan
ne legislators are in the Constitution for this. Alliance would save herself, she had:
rror, and the old And we find that in r847 Congress best cut off the diseased member.
'unconstitutional" appropriated half a million of dollars When this writer withdraws from the-..
question is, where for the starving people of Ireland, dur- the order we will listen to his vapor-,,...
inality of the 'first ing the famine there, without any war- ings, and answer him in no uncertain ''
d, and the uncon- rant under the Constitution. And we tone. but now our self-respect forbids.
last one begin? fail to find any express authority'in *.0-'.
a time. this instrument for the purchase of Grandma is Sick. .
Alaska, or for $400,000 paid to Indian The old soul is making some un-,'-."
)oklooknee. schools, or for the $6,ooo,ooo for col- godly groans, and refuses to be c01m-.
lepartment: ored schools. forted, because the -'boys" are having ,-
regular meeting of And at the present day we find the a little fun. She is weeping and waiL-'
iance, on-the loth Government providing bonded ware- ing and gnashing her teeth becatse!.'s
much. importance houses for the distillers at an enormous the "boys" are trying to -borrow-
move was made expense, and still we can find no ex- money at one per cent. a year. She
Sof: the'.'National press provision in the Constitution for is disconsolate because the "boys"ware,-
which met in At- it. But when the farmer comes to going to squeeze the water out.-of:her1;e
th to .take action the front for similar favors; he is met railroad.bonds. -
*e,.oq cotton,"-apd with "unconstitutional, impossible." -Shesis frantic .wbed-shehe heAstl

.... ,." .. .. .: ...::: "-. .. ... -_: -. ,-: ':... "..-. ,:. ,.:% '',< t 1


[MAT Y22, 18b0


MAY 22, 1890]

her favorite sons are about to depart
from "high places" that will kn6o
them no more.
Sh6 has felt the shock of -agricul
tural depression, and seen the bottom
knocked out of the "over-production
dodge." She can't understand how
nation is starving with an overgorge
Worse than all, the old lady ha
had an overdose of Alliance mixture
Grandma has seen the handwritingj
on the wall," and she feels that he
days are numbered and her kingdom
is at an end. She hears the Medes
a- and Persians battling against he
She is sick unto death.
0* 4
Editorial Correspondence.
It was our fortune to be present a
the annual meeting of the Florid;
" Press Association, held at Lake City on
the 14th and I5thinst. Much business
.ofan important character was trans
acted promotive of the interests o0
journalism in the State; and the socia
feature of the occasion rendered i
most pleasurable for the "knights of
the quill."
The hospitality of the citizens was
unbounded and princely. The
members of the press were advised on
arrival, through the "big Hart" of
-' the city, that the "keys of the town"
had been turned over to the press,
which was afterward proven to be
-' even so.
By invitation extended the Associ-
a .tion', we visited all the places of in-
- terest in and near the city. We first
paid a visit to the Lake City Female
-I stitute, located within the limits of
the city and situated on the brink of a
Most beautiful lake. This Institute is
the creature and foster child of the
Baptist denomination. It was founded
in 1889, and is supported by no pub-
lic endowment. There is a nominal
tuition fee, but for poor children the
tuition is free. The Institute has
sixty pupils now in regular attendance,
ranging from five' to sixteen years of
age. It is under the management of
Prof. P. C. Drew,' assisted by Miss
Kitty Henry, Miss Georgia Bourger
and Miss Bell Brantley. .Small boys
,I are received and instructed until pre-
pared to enter college. It being a
strictly female institute, boys are not
graduated there.
Under the auspices of Prof. Drew
W we witnessed the recitations in the
different departments and the highly
interesting exercises in calisthenics by
the entire school, conducted by Miss
Henry, all of which gave the highest
evidence of the proficiency of its
management, which bespeaks for this
institute, battling single handed and
alone in the great cause of education,
_an extended patronage throughout the
St- ate; and commends itself to the
Baptists everywhere as an object
worthy of their fostering care, and a
happy realization of their fondest
Then we were conducted to the
Peabody high school, under the man-
agement of Prof. J. C. Martin. The
primary department is under the
'.'- charge of Miss Mamie Lebbey, who
.has sixty pupils in attendance from
five-to-eight years of age. Her exhi-
- bition with-the entire school in.a reci-


t station in geography, was quite inter
v testing, and gave assurance of the higI
order of talent possessed by Mis.,
Lebbey. The second grade depart.
m ment is under Miss Julia Thweatt, witl
n some thirty pupils. Her system o
a instruction in simple mathematics wa:
d very commendable.
The third grade department,. ii
s charge of Miss Anna Porter, recited ii
reading, orthography and grammar,
g and gave very satisfactory evidence o
r thorough teaching.
n The high grade is under the imme
s diate instruction of Professor Martin,
r In a recitation in the German language<
his method of exemplication was pleas
ing and impressive.
The languages, sciences and higher
branches are taught in this department.
t From the public exhibition given:
a and the uniform confidence expressed
n by the patrons, it is safe to say thai
s this school is in the hands of an effi.
* cient educator. It receives now nc
f endowment from the fund from whence

1 it takes its name, but is fostered by the
t common school system .of the State.
f : We then visited the "knitting, estab.
lishment "of the Florida-Manufactur.
'ing Company. This establishment is
-located near the depot, and is engaged
in the. specialty of- manufacturing la.
f dies' underwear. It is operated by
some one hundred white girls and la-
dies, and the system seems almost per-
fect in all of its departments. Visitors
-are not admitted, except by special in-
* vitation or permission ry the manage-
The capacity of this industry is 450
dozen' per day. The goods are made
from thread spun-from Florida Sea Is-
land cotton.
The yarn used i'~turned but at the
Madison Mills. It is first: taken' froth
the factory broaches and run on to a
large broach adapted to the; knitting
machine, and. then passed through
'this automatic machine which rapidly
and evenly 'turns .out a :seamlessa and
,endless web. This is; then. cut into
desired lengths and sizes, handsomely
,edged,, folded, and placed in new pa-.
per boxes ready for shipment. The
boxes are manufactured there,-and, are
very neat- and tidy .
There is a ready demand in New
York city for thesesgoods, where they
are shipped, to, and sold.- And, con-
sidering the superiority of this make of
goods, a demand- is springing up'for,
,them, from ,every :section 'of the coun-
try, which bespeaks for this establish-
ment a pe gAanent success. This in-
dustry is Iost gratifying, viewed in
another light. It gives to the children
of the white race a pleasant and a
profitable employment, and. affords a
refuge for the poor white female, upon
whom adversity has frowned, and
throws around 'her a safeguard of pro-
tection whilst struggling for existence
in an inhospitable world.
Ve met there ladies, accomplished-
ladies, ladies who are making labor
honorable. How it thrilled our heart
with joy as we gazed upon those tiny,
busy hands weaving. Yes, weaving
fame's coronet for labor. And whilst
-the busy looms were humming we
heard a voice singifig, and its melody
was like 'that of an .angel. The lady
favored us with several pieces- which,
'in her rendition, were.sublime..

We doubt whether the halls of Dives
i ever resounded with a sweeter and
fairer voice. We learned that this
charming lady was one of Lake City's
belles, who had thus undertaken to
elevate, dignify and refine labor by her
presence and accomplishments.
This Lake City industry and the
DaCosta Publishing House at Jackson-
ville are engaged in a grand, philan-
thropic work, in affording a pleasant
and lucrative employment for the weak
and dependent females of the white
race, and thereby elevating and remov-
ing them from the low and competitive
field of negro labor. Such men and such
industries are deserving of high com-
mendation and' the just plaudits of
their countrymen.
We will write up the Agricultural
College and -Experimental Station in
|our next issue.-ED.

The political situation in Alabama
just now is getting to be quite lively.
,In the race for.governor there are five
!aspirants for the Democratic nomina-
tion, and each one is now canvassing,
'the State before the primaries. The
'Alliance will probably settle on
!Reuben F. Kolb, the present commis-
!sioner of agriculture of that State.
jLowndes county hasjust been heard
!from. She sends, up- a solid delega-
'tion-for Kolb first. and last. This does
settle it.,
Col. W. C. Oates, from the Eufaula
congressional district, who- so vehe-
,imently opposed the Sub-Treasury bill,
is being 'opposed by ;H. D. Clayton,
jof Eufaula,. a, mermber of the national'
'Democratic committee, and endorsed,.
by the Alliance. So Clayton goes in.

"The Alliance Farmer is noan Offi-.
cial Organ, with a, hired, crank to turn
!it, but is all Alliance. "-Selman (.x/a.)
.Alliance .fafter.
With every' "organ" there goes a
'monkey. Brother; the "job" is yourn.
Reflection-on an organ is an- insult to
'the order it essays to represent. May
!be we are a "crank," but it is treason
iin-yoiuto-say:: so. Take. the "mote"
'out of thine "green eye." Stop whin-
ing, and stand up-like aman. Stand
'by your: colors.; though -the heavens,
fall. "Go and sin, no more."-ED. '

Will- be There.
We are :just in. receipts of a letter
from. Brother -D.. W. Love, Secetary '
of Philadelphia Alliance, Gadsden
county, Florida, saying:
"WVishing-to have theAlliance mem-
bers stirred up at our next meeting, .
our Alliance -instructed me to corres-
pond with you. for the purpose of get-
iting your .valuable services as speaker
for that day. While I believe that the
Alliance of our county is doing about
as well as the average, yet there is
room for great-improvementf."
Return our thanks and say to the
brethren we will. be there.-ED.

Solicits coisiggn mentlsor
Fruits, Vegptables and Melons.
We. have agents in-all the Eastern and
Western markets. Referenee6: First Nalional
Bank, Exchange 'Bank,' I. C. Pint & Son,
bankers, W. B. Sparks Pres. G. S. & F. R. R.
T; O: SBKLLIE, General Manager,


President-L. L. Polk, North Carolina.
Vice-President--B. H. Clover, Kansas.
Secretary-J. H. Turner, Georgia. .
Treasurer-W.. H Hickman, Missouri.
Lecturer-Ben Terrel, Texas.
C. W. iacune, Washington, D. C .
A. Wardal1, South Dakota.
S. F. Tlllman, Tennessee;
R. C Petty, Macon. Miss. ..
Isaa McCkracRen, Ozone; A..r.
Evan Jones, Dublin, Texas.
Prc.dietD-R. F. .og-rr., idle? RI'ry. FIt. H
"ice Pr..silent-Dudlcy W. Adami 'angei Ine, Fla,
&ii-rctar,--A. P. Ba-ig s, r,, Fia.
Trcazurer-e. s. Young, Orieans. Fl.
Lrcdrcr-Henry R. Long.
0. L. Whitcomb president, Melrose; John 0. Striock-
land secretary, Edoniah. .. ,
W. M. Blttc president, Lacrosse: F. J. Kinder see-
retary, Windsor. '
J. P. Martin president, Hamburg; J. L. Wyche sec-
retary, Madison. I
L. 'M. Robertson president. Ohipley; I. B. Palmer,
secretary, Chipley.
J. L. Thomas president, Woodville; Geb. G. Gibbs
secretary, Tallahassee. ,
Escambia 4M, J. B. Vaughn president, Bluf Springs;
Geo. R. Smith secretary, Penseodla.
A. Crosby president, Ziff; R. H. Anthony secretary,
Lake Bitler.' "
A. H. Helvenston. prsl.-inir. Sumterville; '. W
.Markert, secretary, Will ,wod .
W. G. Coxwell president, Chipola; J. L. Beaulcamp,
secretary, Cypiress. -
i. HW McElroy priduren. Judiso; John Cox0 secre-
;tarn, [ronson.
0. B. I.onis presl.ient, WUiernesDs; J.E. Hall secre-
tar',. tiaron.
A&NTA 5.5'A COt'NTV.
Sweetwater iW, W. F. Martin president, Millgan; L.
J.A" IhII.-r ,retaty MLllli .
S R -'iD Ci) lTNTY.
Indian riverr 445. W. Itner preildeui, Tillman;.J.
31. M iter se.rea-r.i, i i inan.
Mandarin, H. G. Leek president, Mandarin;: L. H.
Rowe secretary, Mandarin. .
0ooe. B. S Brooker president, Ooee, J. E. leaw.
i hbrn e seorerary, c.e-ee.
Osceola, M. H. Porter preladein, Klmrnmee;: Geo.
W. Iv,.y 6e.retary, ElsinLmee.
W-E. Eifithugh''seireitry, Ponce de Leon. -
Pasco County 248, C.. de LaMater prfe-ldont, Ma
con; A. L. CopenihavetiseodretarykPlautLOn.
E. S. Gaulden secretary, Old Town.
A. F. HeCray president. Campbeloun; 0. A. Balutel
secretary., Sar
*e.o Wiliconbe president, DeLeon Sprlngs G.o.
W. Rich atcretary, oevilie.
ritrs'coulerv. .'* .
N. F.-McDonaldd president, Floral Clty; E. A.-Harri-
SOn secretary, LeCanto.
D. W. Adamr prsealdent. Grand I[land; F. B. Cannon
aecrtiary, Grand Island.
-Dr. MI, B. Harrison president, Rye; James Layne
secretary, Bye. o ,
'" :. O.,.a ,I,,EN ciO NTY "
B.H. Howe president, Mt. .PlaIsant; R.-P. Green
secretary, Alano. I "
H. W. Long, prA ident, Martele, FI.; Win. Dehon,
secretary, g Uow 8 hp,-Sl. . .
S. b. M.o.'bel secretary, Matanzas.
Hl.L:.B^';(i-,B COL'TY. ,
AJ l,ur Rowbronam secretary, BJoomingdaje. "
t, ,i'oo citj rv. ; .
B. T. Blaesburn secretary, Bloomingdale,.
J. A. Obara secretary, Bay City.
J. M. Jenkins secretary, Perry.
W. 0. Berry secretary, Glen s. Mary.
BOLM.5 COl rY.
J. L. Beauchamp secret ry, Cypressa.
-T. J. %Vwinlims, piealdedt; E. 0-. Gardner, secretary
W.W. l.lle sBEcr.eary, Oraw fordsville.
Geo Wolfeaecretary, Live Oak.
SSt. Marys, D. J. Connera' secretary, Billiard.
Unity, J. S. MCelellan Secretary. Auolula
O.A Finleysecreryi Lake City.
J r. W .g8.yP lanMo s retry, J~k I r',; -.. -




The Bone and Sinew of Georgia
Back Their Alliance Leader. V,
The Chautauqua committee of
Dougherty County Alliance make Railroads Responsible.
known their feelings and opinion of Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
the matter in which the News and Ad- Enclosed please find clipping which
veriser treated Colonel Livingston, in should apply to our railroads. R.
the following which we clip from that Grasmere, Orange Co.
paper : A recent decision by the Iowa Su-
Please allow us space in your col- preme Court places the responsibility
umns to say that we have read from for the safe transportation and` deliv-
day to day your severe criticisms and ery of perishable freight upon the rail-
abuse of Colonel Livingston, Presi- roads. The case was one concerning.
dent of the Gergia State Alliance, the transportation of butter. For.
with a feeling of regret and mortifica- want of ice the. butter was spoiled.
tion, and we may even say resent- The road disclaimed all responsibility
meant; but for the sake of harmony, since it owned no refrigerator cars,
good feeling and unalloyed success of and no contract had been made for
the Georgia Chautauqua, we have re- ice. The court awards damages to
rained from making any reply to your the plaintiff on the ground that a
villifying strictures on him, knowing common carrier is bound to provide
him to be abundantly able to take whatever the nature of the goods and
care of himself when he is personally the climate may require, but may
attacked. charge for the additional expense. In
But after reading what you have short, if a railroad company under-
to say about him in Saturday's paper, takes to transport a commodity, it
wp feel that it is our duty to state to must use every effort to deliver it in a
the general public the circumstances condition to be of some value to the
under which Colonel Livingston came consignee. This decision seems fair
to Albany, to-wit: to both parties. The company must
The Chautauqua management, in look carefully after the property and
arranging the programme for the sec- the owner must pay the. necessary ex-
ond assembly, gave to the Farmers' pense.-Springfteld Union.
Alliance a day. The President of ,*
the Dougherty County Alliance called Stirred Up Over Rates.
a meeting of the County Alliance, and The Georgia watermelon growers
the day was accepted, with the as- seem quite perturbed over a possible
surance from the Chautauqua manage- increase in freight rates. With the
ment that we, should have our own assurance that the freight rates would
speakers, and that they should speak be the same this year that they were
as suited them and us. Committees last, they say they planted an in-
were appointed, and Colonel Livings- creased acreage. In January, at the
ton, with. other prominent Alliance- meeting of the melon growers, the
men, was invited to come and speak railroads were generally present, and
for us., And he came in response to the question was put to the railroad
Sour pressing invitation, and was,. a men whether or not the rates would
matter of course, our guest, and not be the same on roads south of. the
only ours, but also a guest of the Chau- Ohio river this year as last, and, re-
tauqua, and of Albany and Dough- lying upon the sincerity of the affirma.
erty county. And whatever may be tive answer, they planted heavily.
the impression made on the mind of They announced at the January meet-
the News and Advertiser as to Colonel ing that an increase in .rates would
Livingston's being a possible candi- bring a corresponding decrease in
date for Governor, we have to say acreage.
that he is a strictly orthodox Alliance- The rate committee of the Southern
man, and one honored and respected Railway and Steamnship Association
by his brethren all over the State, sent out. a short time ago, a of
and especially by the Dougherty rates to all Western points, based on
County Alliance. an average of eight mills per ton
Please give this a place on your ed- per mi-le. The. connecting railro;id.
itorial page in the daily arid weekly, not in the Southern Railway and
and very much oblige Steamship Association demurred to
:,. v. 0.WATSON these rates. They acceded to the rates
SA. W. COSBY, the year previous under protest, and
A. J. VASON. the Southern Railway and Steamship
SChautauqua Committee from Dough- Association had great difficulty in get-
erty County Alliance. ting the Western roads to accede to
We learn the entire erder has run eight mills rate. These roads outside
a sweeping '-boycott" on the News. of the Association, it is understood,
an'd Ad,rtIiser. Correct.-ED. claim that they had put the Associa-
S ion on notice that they would not ac-.
A Window Plant. cept the rates this- year.-Sa.,annah
While many plants in the window News.
are often chary of bloom, to the great P *
disappointment of their owners, the. Rose Notes.
Oxalis has this merit, that it is never Editor Oran,-ntal E:,rricuirure.
without flowers in season, and will While the majority of ornamental
reward, by its abundance of bloom, shrubs seem to be reacting over the
the attention bestowed upon it. It freeze of March 17th, and some of
will entirely fill, especially if more than them, notably the Arabian Jessamine,
one bulb be planted, any basket, to show signs of abundant bloom, the
the exclusion of all else, for it is a vig- roses are, by all odds, the most satis-
orous grower, and its leaf stems are factory for South Florida.
equally profuse with its flowers.- It has been affirmed by carping vis-
Vick's.Aagazine. itors to our section that we had no

plant. In one statement she is in er-,
ror. While it seldom blooms in house WHAT THE PAPERS SAY.
or green-house culture at the North, it rue Nmr York Timne sayQ:
is not a rare occurrence for it to bloom **only thoSe who are Ignora i of the great
in Florida. One variegated form that advances that have been moad. in dicLonalies
she mentions is quite common in cul- aro ikeiy t., buy tbh. reprint at any price."
tivation, viz: Agava Americana Mil- The A.nirican itok',iI .r of N. Y says: -.-
leripicta, which has green leaves with "The etym.:.iogies are, utterly nilskainng,
yellowish white edges: an] naturally so; or %'hei tle VWeb lt- of
This plant is a native of South Amer- sn1 -rads.s. Philoiiype ne, re-
it-zeradl,. Th "rtili''tC ar, ihpertCt, r-=
ica, and rarely blooms in this country. ,quiring condh:nt 1, re., rrangement and
In its native place it grows to an im- addiniors. Ue ,o.:rd,tilry is defective, some
mense- height, thirty to forty feet, its ofthbe commou,-t ".u,, o to-day, speclaily
flowers spreading out like a Candela- se' ,,c e, n ni wi a dreivarybsnt. i nost
brum. They grow them chiefly for one of nonsue three prime rey uiaesont. a de- .
their sap, which is there called honey, tionary La the Webter reprint a trutworthy -
and it is very sweet and delicious, guide, or, rather, it is a misleaOing one. *
They are cultivated in plantations This 'r.print' is not intended for
on plains, extending miles and miles. l.tell gent men. it is maje expressly to be
yone fortunate in possessing one rfste, by all the nrts of the took canvasser
Anyone fortunate. in possessing one, on thore wno uuve been precluded from a ,
either by purchase or- inheritance, is knowledge of what developments leile:,gra- .
considered as very wealthy. phy nasundergoneduring the last forty-two .
The juice, or. sap, is only valuable years. This is the cruelea, feature of thi .
when the flower stem appears; they money-making enterprise." -.
cut through the center of the bunch of The BuilfaloChritlan Advocate says:
leaves enveloping the flower spathe, -DoN'T B, LitiPED. Thousands are, or are
where the sap forms, and willco6ntinue likely to be, by the fashy, fraudulent adver-
to do so and flow for a period of three tbsements oi Te Original yh lowered Uor abre -
o. bridged Eictionary,' which leoffered for three
months. or fourdollars. If any of our readers
After this the old plant is exhausted wish to invest in a purchase which Lbey will
and dies outright, but yields from root- be likely afterward to evgret, they will do so-
buds. numerous suckers, which are after being duly noticed."
planted out as new plantations. I he Journal or Education, Boston, says:
In its native clime, with good soil "Teachers cannot be too careful not lobe .
and full sunlight, it will bloom in five Imposed on, since the very things 'blch_..._
years, but with poor soil they are often make a dictionary valuable In school. are-
fifteen and twenty ears without bloom, wanting In tblsoid time reprint. Any high- _,.
Dfteen and twenty years without bloom. school dictionary which can be purchased for
Dealers in this country offer many a dollar and fifiy cents Is worth more for "
beautiful varieties that can be bought school use tban this." '4
from fifty cents up to twenty dollars, i Many other promlnent journals speak In
and more. similarterms, add legitimate publlsbers write
Among the most .striking is.Agave us In strong condemnation of tbis attempt o.
Victoria Regina or Queen Victoria folst an obsolele book on the pubUc .
Agave, Americana Media Pecta, Stri- Tu Ilest and ithe be, which bears our Ia- -
atr P" Fprinth on the title page, has over -2.000 pages
ata and -Milleri -Picta, Filifera, and wilhb alustrationson almost every page..
many others. They make a beautiful
addition to a collection of cacti or G. & C. MERRIAM & CO., :. ,
other succulents. SPRINGFIELD, MAS,- ;

roses here-none that deserved the
name, alluding to the want of solidity
of the open flowers of the Bengal Teas,
so largely grown by the old settlers.
I have had specimens of the Paul
Neyron that were simply immense,
and as compact as the old "Cabbage"
rose. The Antoine Mouton, a rich
crimson scarlet, is almost as large and
solid. I have never seen finer ones
The monthly "Cabbage" is another
excellent hybrid perpetual; very sweet
and constant in its bloom.
The teas have been blooming for a
month, and are covered with their va-
riously colored flowers. The Mare-
chal Niel lacks but rarity to make ,it
the queen of them all. Budded spec-
mens run riot over pillared porch and
cottage walls.
The Lamarque is an admirable rose.
It is perfectly healthy, of quick growth,
and produces in great profusion its
handsome buds of creamy white, which
lose but little of their beauty when ful-
ly blown. .
'The Mosses," in spite of the drouth,
have opened several of their exquisite-
ly mossed buds.
Agave-Century Plant-American
A correspondent of the Mayflower
writes an interesting item about this




A so-called "IWebster's U nar.i-lged Di.ction-
ary" is being offered to the public at a -..cry
low price: The body of the rnook, from A to ,
Z,isacheap reprint, page for page, of the
edition of 1847, which was i, its day a valua-
ble book, but, in the progress 01o language for
over forty years, has been completely tuprr-
seded. It is now reproduced, broketi type,
errors and all, by a pnuot.oraphle process, ls
printed on cheap paper aud fliusily boun.l
It is advertised to be the substantial equiva- *
lent of "aneight to twelve dollar book," wnille
in fact It is a literal copy ol a book whibh in
its day was setalled for about 95.0.1, and tuat
book was much superior In paper, print, and
binding to this imitation, and waS then tile
best Dictionary of ibe time iit ltad of an an-
tiquated one. A li,r,,- comparison, page rhy, r.,e-twt the repr.iut and the latest and
,nlarged edition will snow tie rest suprloi I-
y of rihe latter. No honorabledealer will allow
Ine boyer fl sueCr to suppose tha b he- eLirng
tE Weonter wui,, to-d.y is accepted as the
Standard and Tie Bit.6.
There areseveral of lhbee reprints. differing
itn mt nor p.ritCuiars, bult. dti't lin' luro-dl. the
bid.7 of each Is a llier.i eop:. o01 te V17 edl-

[M.YT 22, 1806

MAY 22, 1890]


Honey Receipts.
From a little' pamphlet entitled
"Honey as Food and Medicine," by
Thomas G. Newman, Chicago, we
extract a few recipes:
low, use only extracted 'honey, it
being the only liquid, it holds the fruit
firm, and gives a very rich flavor;
sweeten or season with spices, to suit
the taste. Cook slowly until done.
same as above, only add water enough
to swell the fruit, after which add the
extracted honey and spices, to suit
the taste. Cook slowly until done.
PRESERVES.-Any fruit may be
preserved with honey by putting the
fruit first into the can, then pouring
honey over it; and seal air-tight; when
the honey is poured from the fruit, it
will have the flavor and appearance of
jelly, making a delicious dessert.
PRESERVING FRUIT.-Extracted hon-
ey, instead of sugar, is superior every
way for preserving fruit. It is not apt to
sour and require a second boiling.
Pick the fruit, wash it and drain off
the water; then place it in a large
kettle or pan and add one-third as
much honey as there is fruit, boiling
it until the taste of the honeyis evapo-
one pint of extracted honey, put in an
iron frying-pan and boil until very
thick, then stir in fleshly-parched
corn, and when cool mold into balls.
These will especially delight the chil-
engaged in harvesting and other occu-
pations tending to create thirst, rec-
ommend the following preparation,
which makes a very palatable and
healthy drink in hot weather: Take 12
gallons of water, 20 pounds of honey
and 6 eggs, using the whites only.
-Let these boil one hour; then add
cinnamon, ginger, cloves, mace, and
a little rosemary. When cold, add i
spoonful of yeast from the brewer.
Stir it well, and in twenty-four hours
it will be good.
METHEGLIN.-Mixhoney and water
strong enough to carry an egg; let it
stand three or four weeks in a warm
place to ferment, then drain through
a cloth and add some spices to suit
:-: the taste.
Consumption Surely Cured.
Please Inform your rea.lder that I have a
poaItlve Temedy for arove named di.ense. By
IS timely nuse thousands of hopeless caSes
have been permanently cured. I'hall rjeglad
to send two colteS ot my remely FaEF to
any 'fa 5our readers who have consumption
If they will send me tineir Express and'P.
address. Respect fully.
S 181 Pearl St., New York.


25cts. a Box. |
or .Arcs. nnR.ueo iTas'Xs.

8MlI ON ITO R-ea
The Monitor In'cubator stands at tre bead.
Send for circular giving valuable intorma-
"- Bristol, Ci.
Name FARMER AD FautGuT OwE.B, :


Definite exchange offers Inserted free. State what
you have and what you want.
Open to subscribers only.

Having on hand two of a kind of the follow-
Ing, I would like to exchange immediately
one of each, for bees, or offers, Whitman
Fountain pump, costing; $7.50 compass with
sights for running lines, cost, $10; Winchester
rifle, 44 caliber in good condition. W. S.
HART, Hawk IPark, Fla.


Prepaid advertisements will be Inserted in this
column for one cent a word.
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words,
Postage Stamps not received.
Count every word. Including name and address.

Registered Berkshire Boar!
Bred by.T.R. Proctor, Utica, N. Y.; farrow-
ed May 10th, 1888; in splendid condition; must
sell on account of inbreeding. W. A. CHAP-
MAN, Oakland, Fla.
Choice Naval orange buds, $5 per thousand,
C. 0. D.; privilege of examining at Express
office before paying. R. M. CHERRY, Fruit
Cove, Fla.
WANTED.-Ten (10) bushels Sour orange
seed. Apply to S. E. LUCAS, JR., St. Thomas,
Pasco Co., Fla.
FOR SALE.-20 stands Italian bees, at $5.00
each. FRANCIS TRUEBLOOD, Archer, Fla.
Jamaica Indian Sorrel, No. 11, Mango and
other plants and seeds direct from the West
Indies. Prices reasonable. DUNCAN BROS.,
Clearwater, Fla.
Will sell farm and grove cheap, terms easy.
CHASE. CONNOLLY, Mineola, Fla.
CONCH PEAs.-Quart, 25 cents (by mail 50,
cents); peck, $1.50; bushel, $5. A. F. STYLES,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Large two and three-year-old buds on 1%
to 23 inch stocks, strictly healthy. Price, 3o
cts., f. o. b. J.L. DERIEUX, Lakeland. Fla."
TIEs -Price, 75 cents per 1CO, post-paid; $5.00
per 1,000, express to be paid by purchaser.
Applyto A. L. Duncan, Manager, Milwaukee
Nurseries, Dunedin, Fla.
tilled, hand-made Mountain Corn Whiskey.
New, $1.50 gallon; old, $1.80 gallon; oak kegs,
50c. each. We ship in4% gallon kegs and by
express only direct from distilleries over Pied-
mont Air Line road to all points in Florida.
Safe arrival and perfect satisfaction guaran-
teed. If you need spirits for medicine, come
here or send your orders to B. NIBLACK &
Co., Virgil, Ga.
Pearl Millet Seed, pure and clean, 15c. per
pound; by mall, 25c per pound. Address
Excelsior Seed Farm, Keuka, Fla.
Satsuma Orange Buds. By mall, $1.50 per
100, or $10 per 1,000 by express. G. L. TABER,
Glen St. Mary, Fla.
WANTED.-Sour seedlings, suitable size to
plant in nursery form. Address GILLETT
BROS., South Lake Weir.
Will exchange sweet seedling trees for or-
ange sizer, horses or cattle. Elias Blicken-
staff, Altoona, Fla.
-One of the largest and best nurseries of or-
ange trees in the State. I will not be under-
sold. Satisfaction guaranteed. W. H. MANN,
Mannvllle, Paitnam Co., Fla.
'FoE SAL1E--1,,'"i0 Improved Newnan
itr.woerry plants. $2 per ,l'i"' delivered on
cais. r4pecld prices on lots or lu,tii:). Ad-
area' T W ABBAx.Mas, Maunviile, Putnam
county, Fla.
B. es for sale in Langstroth hives, $4 per col-
ony. J. L. WALFENDEN, Evinston, Fla

Notice of Incorporation.
Notice is hereby given ihat tbeundersigned
person har.- formed #company for the rur-
pose of promoting industrial enterprises and
corporal ions.
The name of the company shall be the
American Finance Company; Its principal
place of business shall I e St. Augustine, In iSt
Johns County, Florida. The amount oi capi-
tal stock shaill be Three Million Dollars, di-
vided Inuo Tnirly Thousand shares of One
Hundred Dollarseach. This corporation isto
been its existence on ihe filing of the articles
of Inoorporatlon with the Secretary of the
State of Florida, and terminate In Ninety-
Nine years. The corporation shall be man-
aged by a Board of Directors, a-President,
Treasurer and Secretary, who shall be elected
annually The nighest amount of Indebted-
ness to which bis company can at any time
subject itself shball be Three Million Dollars
The undersigned constitute the first Board
of Directors.

T M. DAY, JR.,

A 'l sessottsr0,,KL FARMERS ALLIANCE
kSiDAiill JAARY.

CHASE. W. DACOSTA, Publisher.


There will be a meeting of the stockholders
of the Indian River Steamboat Company at
their office in the city of Jacksonville, Fla.,
on the 2d day of June, A. D. 1890, at
10 o'clock in the morning, to take action upon
amending the articles of incorporation so as
to read: "The general nature of the business
to be transacted shall be the maintenance and
operation ofa line of steamboats on the In-
dian River and other waters of the State of
C. C. DEMING, Secretary.

R. J.-Pligb, Leesburg, Fla.
Rev. Lyman Phelps, anford, Fla.
Dr. Henry Foster, Oviedo, Fla.
Capt. B. F. Whliner, Fort Reid Fla.
First National Bank, C'anford, Fla.
Fourth National Bank, Bosion, Mass

Sr to everv man, yonng, middle-aged,
S d old; postage paid. Address
. Daot, 61 Columbus Ave., Boston, Mas.

BiMst Offer r Ne!

Webster's Dictionary
J' L OR I B.A.

Dispatch, Farmer and Fruit-Grower
FOR $5.00.
We desire to call attention to an offer that
is unparalled in the history of premiums. We
will send to any address, post paid. the FLOR-
and a handsome edition of WEBSTER'S DIC-
TIONARY, bound in leather, 1,615 pages-size
of page, 8x10% inches; size of book, 4 inches
thick; weight, 9 pounds-

Terms of Subscription:
For one year ............................... $2 00
For six months .............................. 1 00
S Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the ex-
piration of the time paid for.
Rates of Alvertising on application.
REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Let-
ter, to order of
Jacksonville, Fla.

We call attention to the page advertisement
in this issue of the Eureka Insecticide of Mr.
E. Bean.
From the very favorable reports that we
have seen of its work we should think It
worthy of the attention of the orange growers.
If, "and we do not doubt the truth of the
statement," Florida suffers an annual loss of
more than two millions of'dollars from the
ravages of insects, it is certainly high time
for us to bestir ourselves to secure their de-
struction. What with cold and drouths the
growers'are having a sufficiently hard experi-
ence without expending their money and
labor-to feed a horde of parasitic insects.
The late heavy freezes seem to have been
more injurious to the orange groves on the
hammock than to those situated on the high
pine land. The new crop of hammock fruit
has, therefore, been very much lessened, and
there is a probability that bright, clean ham-
mock oranges will be few and scarce. If, as
Is claimed and certified to, the Eureka Insec-
ticide will keep the oranges grown on the
poorer pine land from rusting, making them
bright and clean as the hammock fruit and
yet retain their superior shipping qualities,
for a moderate cost, it will prove a great boon,
and certainly be greatly for the interest of
those having that kind of fruit to avail them-
selves of It.
We note that in spraying for the rust-mite
that the scale and the spider are both de-

Golden, White and Silver Wyandottes,

Plymouth Rocks, S. 0. Leghorns -

and Pekin Ducks.
Eggs from choice selected stock at all Limes.
Choice Fowls at reasonable prices.
The Three-Dollar Bone and Shell MIll and
Poultry Clover Cutter. Prairie State Incu-
bators and Brooders. Circulars free.
E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla.

until Patent obtained. Write
for Invefior's Guide.

5. -
,- .'-' ^ ,


for the low price of $5, exclusive of express
charges on dictionary.'. The ordinary pr ice of
Webster's Dictionary is $12.
necessity, and we feel assured that no one will
be without It now. Snd lan you orders tol ne
office of thli paper at onee, as the demand is
great and the supply II i ted We !will -for-
ward all orders to the publiJhera ud guaran-
tee to furnish ibe F lorlds Disnpat.'l. Farmer and
Fruit-Grower for one year and a handsome -
bound copy of WEBSTER'S DICTIONARY, con-
taining over 1,600 pages, for'$5&
Send postoffice and express addr-ss, to
C. W. DACOSTA, Put lisher,
Jacksonvillle, Fla. -


U a Iftwc

$200,000,000 Annually Destroyed in the

United States by Insects.

Florida loses mzxzore *'i A." -fvvc i i <> oa 03D:ol-
lara yearly by their IEsaveages.

Theo ureka, Znsecticide

Is a Safe, Sure, Cheap Remedy for the Destruction of the Insects at-
tacking the Orange and the Orange Tree.
It is sure death to the Rust Mite, the Red Spider, and Scale Insect, when uncovered or during the
breeding or migratory period.
Can be used with perfect safety, as it has no poisonous or caustic qualities, and will not injure the
fruit, or the most tender growth.
"orida has never produced, and never win have, too many bright, clean, good Oranges. It is the RUSTY, ROUGH, SOABBy, rooR nRUI, which demoralizes and
depresses the markets. RUST CAN BE PREVENTED, NOT CURED. The Eureka Insecticide, when properly applied, will keep the oranges perfectly bright and
clean; and the trees. "relieved from the ravages of the insect," will, by their increased growth and vigor, more than compensate for the cost of material and labor.
The Eureka kIls all the insect which it touches, but they are so numerous, and have so many places of concealment, and multiply so rapidly, that the only
sa fety i in frequent applications.
To Insure perfectly bright oranges, the spraying should commence early in May, or before any damage has been done to the orange, and be continued as often
as once in 15 days until the middle or lastof September. These frequent applications will not only kill the rust mite and prevent the oranges from rusting, but will
catch and kill the Mal where uncovered, and destroy other insects and fungoid growths.
3ES."j.*.MC.Jal Tar AT .4e.

EarM PIusman, FLA., Dec. 8, 1889.
MU. mkBAN, SackouIe e
Dua Smr-I have used the Eureka Insecticide, as per four instructions, on
the portions of the grove agreed upon. The result has been very satisfactory.
The otlan selected has heretofore presented the largest proportion of rusty
orange. The crop on it this season has been very heavy, larger than any other
part of the roves, and the oranges are perfectly bright. I have not seen a single
rusty o wuon portions sprayed with iHubbard's Emulsion, or not sprayed at
all, thee asth1.e proportionn of rust. The Eureka. surely kills the rust mite
and the pkidr, and. I think, hastens the coloring of the oranges. We were able
to commme gathering where it had been used some days earlier than from other
SuperintendentF -DeBary-Groy~: e"
Glrw ooD, FLA, December 4, 1889.
M&. B. BElms saflvion las
DzA, SM--4 have the past summer used your Eureka Insecticide with very
satisfatey results. On trees where it was applied thoroughly the oranges are
perfeooy bight-free from rust. I expect to use it the coming season.
om sincerely, ISAAC STONE.
SS"A MATEO, FLA., October 14, ,1889.
, KAy, J acksonville, Fla.a .
Daa SRm-Have used the Eureka Insecticide every fifteen days, as directed,
and have the proof of its efficacy on the rust mite and scale. As to the spider,
cannot ey asI have not seen many on trees, but am satisfied as to the rust; and
am happy imy that Mr. Kendall has a bright crop.
... Tmn pettaully, GEORGE W. PEARCE,
S Manager for A. A. Kendall.
OrraRA, FLA., December 10, 1889.
MB. a. ftBa, Jaekonvle, Mla.t L- .
DzAis S--The Eureka Inseedalde k a success. If it is properly applied it
will make the anges perfectly bright and clean.
Manager for Bishop, Hoyt & Co.

DzLAIu, FLA., December 4,1889.
MR. E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.,
Dzan SIm-I have used.the Eureka Insecticide as per your printed directions
on the portion'of the groves of Mr. John B. Stetson, of which I have charge. The
results have been very satisfactory. For the first time we have perfectly bright,
clean oranges. I can conscientiously recommend it as a safe and sure remedyfor
the rust. r"

Respectfully yours,.

Manager for John B. Stetson.

BOARDMAN, IftA., December 20, 1889.

MR. E. BEAi, Jacksonville, Fla.t
DsAR SIR-After two years'trial, can say that I am perfectly sre that the
Eureka Insecticide will destroy the rust mite and prevent oranges from rusting.
If it is thoroughly applied during the season the fruit will be bright and clean. It
also cleaned off the red spider. The destruction of these insects hasadded greatly
to the thriftand growth of the trees,
Yours respectfully, G. SAMPSON.

DL- -, FL., December 4, 1889.
E. BEAu, EsQ., Jacksonville, ,Fa. V, .,
DEA Sm-We applied your Eureka Insecticide to our forty-acre grove five
times the.past season,, and are highly pleased with the result. The trees did not'
suffer with the drouth, but grew right on, holding the fruit, and now have a good
crop of bright oranges. Your Insecticide is sure death to all insects that worry
the orange grower if applied according to !directions. The red spider, leaf mite,
rust mite, etc., all disappear when the insecticide is used properly. Mr. Stetson is
delighted with the improved appearance and condition of his oranges this season. -'
*The cost of the five applications to our forty-acregrove, which is eight years old,
was 16 cents per tree for labor and materiaL We will continue using it, believing
it is money in our pockets to do so.
Yours respectfully,.
V V -TAM filOe

Bap't J. B. Statetson's 40-acre Grove.

The Eureka Insecticide
oa a POW1Mt, packed n tin cans of 10 and 20 pounds each; price, 10 cents per pound. Ten pounds is sufficient for 150 gallons of water, making the cost therefore
The -ppli)atdt m.n be made through a fine nozzle, and with a powerful pump, so as to force into or penetrate every crevice and fold of the leaves. WrrH TEm
CENTS PNR AVERAGE TREE, including material and labor of application.
SP-RAYI&G XACHINERY.-Have a null supply of Spraying Machinery, a descriptive catalogue of which will be furnished on application.
:.-:- .... .....E 1 T3, lc sf nvi 11 e, e1a .


[MAY 22,-1890

4 04




Blood and Bone, Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,
Pure Fine Ground Bone, Linseed Meal,
Animal Bone and Potash, Tobacco Stems,
Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes,
Chicago Bone Meal, Sulphate of Potash, &e. T"ree F-oo, Bearting *Trees.
OreXX3ge 'Tree -FooL, c"Yourng VTrees.
Vegetable 3acl Potato o -Gro-VA7er.
GEO. E. WILSON, Gen'l Agt., 22 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.

Williams & Clark Fertilizer




Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds St., Augusta, Ga
C. D. DUNCAN,, Florida Salesman.

Americus Orange Tree Fertilizer,
Americus Orange Tree, No. 2,
Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate,
Americus Pure Bone Meal, Americus Bone and. Potash,
Americus Strawberry Fertilizer,
Americus Sulphate of Potash,
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer.
C. F. WINTON, Mandarin, Fla. Dr. H. KNIGHT, Belleview, Fla.
M. E. WILSON, Clermont, Fla. M. P. GODFREY, Minneola, Fla.
Address all correspondence to WFILLIAlIS & CILARK FERTILIZER CO.,
Augusta, aa.


fiidley's Vegetable Fertilizer. Bradley's Orange Tree Fertilizer.

Fish and Potash. Bone and Potash.
Pure Fine Ground Bone

Dry Ground Bone, lphate of Potash.,
Tobacco Fertilizer, Sea Fowl Guano," Patent Superphosphate of
Lime, Muriate of Potash, Nitrate of Soda, Kainit, &c.


Branch Office, AUGUSTA, GA
W. J. POLLARD, Gen'l Manager. OSCAR H. NOLAN, Fla. Salesman.
Correspondence Solelted.
S1890. 1890.
Excelsior Grove and Seed Farm. C fi
'^1'orage Seeds and Nursery Stock.
For prices on seeds see the cent-a-word col- ONE OF THE
famn of this paper. Write for nursery price
FOR MEN. O NL Send your orders, accompanied by check,
fN" For LOSTor A 00D1 Liberal Discount
i'lIi'"Wea1"as Body ana Kid'Ee e -
-i IE5Inf T oi.rrr sorEx O ess einOdoro1i u for large or small quanttles. Write to
Bobg.e, Sob.le JAIHOOD I r elRemrd; Hor l R f larg0. id
Absolel2 .ullI HONE TRATENT-Berefl Iadu C. W. DaCOSTA,
so.n teid ftom 5'85taas ai d Forei n Coes aries. Wriethem.
Deserlpdte. ook,4 tu ion anea id-roormalled (sealed)fo. f
.UrusERI.lEDICAl. O., BUFFALO, N.v Jacksonville, Florida.

The Tropical Trunk Line.



7 4iJpm 11pm l".p 5p' t5au Lv Jacksonville. Ar l"ii2am 11 lam i, jUpm 721 pm
s55 425pm 83i."pm 1l. lIam Ar. St.. Augustine Lv 415am l 45am 4 (10pm 546pm
821am 4pmi .p .... Palatka.. 1... ,'am L 3 5pm
Il Llam ,..opnj ... mOrmond "a*pm
Il.jilum u ..bpnj .... Daytona. T .. 2i,0pm
I 1 4
S.. 4,pm 12 4upm i3,,am Lv JacksonvilUi Ar b',am 15pM1 pm
ou05pm I i pri 9Eiam Ar GreenCove p'gs Lv 524am 11,9am 610pm
ht 05 pm 2'0upm It IS am Palat a. 4 2.5m 10I am 4Io pm .
S. 712pm .i9pm il lam Seville lilau 91am 304p ....
.4pm 4.~ pm I.2. pm DeLarid. 6aL.anm 151, pn .
3.3pm n 25pm I 13pm Orauge City Junction I 4'tam '2$am 1 7pm ...
..... 910pm 0pm 200pm ........ Sanford......... 115am 750am 115pm ..
................. 507pm 144pm ...... Enterprise ... ... ...... 740am 12pm .......
................. 715pm 10 pm .........Titusville........ ...... 5 00 am 1156 am ........
. ...... 1040am 630pm ............. Tavares ....... ......... 500am 1130am ..
...... 1015am 608pm 18pm...... ..Orlando........ 1140pm 635 am 1155am .....
. .. 1140am 650pm 355pm ... Kissimmee.. 1050pm 550am 1113am .........
.................. 905pm 550pm ......... Barlow .......... 620pm ...... 900am ......
1000pm pm .........Tampa........ 10 00 p 7pm ........ 820am ..
.... 639pm ...... ForMeade ..... 839pm ..... ..... .........
25pm ....... PuntaGorda. 1250pm ...... .........
I 1 -.I t *
220 pm 1030am Lv..... Palatka .....Ar 1050am 420-pm ......... ........
............... 329pm1135amAr .... Interlachen....Lv 955am SS2pm ..
.. 402pm 1211pm .......Hawthorne. ....9 1am 2an pm .. .
...425pm 1285pm ....... ochelle......... 85an 2 311pm .
..700pm 110pm ...... Gainesville. ..... "i an I 4p .....
. 535pm 117pm ...... Orange Lake.. ..... l p
........0pm 218pm ...........O al.........O 7 aala.. 1.2,p 1 ..p
600am ... .... 800pm 407pm ........Leesburg........ 5 .am li,,6am ]i(Opm
830am 1000am ....... 585pm .... Pemberton ....... t.31.iam .7.40pm 7 .20 pm
......... 1040am ...... 63856pm ..... Brooksville. 35am .1.)p .
......... ......... 905pm 585pm Eusts 12 pm lam .....
..... .... m Tavares I .75 a m 8u s.m

Daily. t'Daily-exceptSunday. Trainslavi rg Jacksonville S: 0) a. m and Palatkal :80
p. m. are daily between Jacksonville and Palatka.
Leave.Titusville-at- 8:30 -p.m. -Tuesdays, Leaves Titusville daily ex. Sunday... 3-30pm
Thursday and Saturdays, arriving at Jupiter Leaves Rockledge about 6 00 pm
next morning. Arrives Melbourne .1130 pm
Leave Jupiter Mondays, Wednesdays and Leave Melbourne 4 00 am
Friday, arriving at.TItuviIle next morni.g. Arrives Titusllle II 00 am

CONNECTIONS-At Jacksounvllle with diverginp lines North. East and West; at Orange
City Junction for Orange Clty, New Symrna and Lake Helen; at Jupiter with J. & L. R'y for
Lake Worth; at Sanford with O.& B. R'y for Oakland, Taryon SprLngs, Clearwater and Gulf
Coast points. and with South Florida R R for Winter Park, Mallland, etc.; at Tampa with
Plant Stearuship Lune for Key West. Havana and Mobile, and for Manaiee river points at
Punta Gorda with steamers for Key West, Havana, Purta Rassa, St. James CIty and Fort
Pullman Palace Buffet. Sleeping Carson inrough fast mall train dally between New Yi-r
and Tampa without change.
For further information call on or address
D. F. JACK, Gen. Man.. Jacksonville. Fla. G. D. ACKERLY. Gen. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville

OaLsague "OSGOOD"
^~U. S. Standard
"........--- SCALES
_'I TfMOther sizes tiorontilht,
I T low. Fully Warranted.
OSG600D &THOMPSON, Binghamton, N.Y.

57 Chatha'i Street, Boston.

Agent Florida Fruit Exchange
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnisheo
on appilcat ion..

Scale Insect

Marine Deposit Fertilizer
Now being mined and prepared nearSuinter-
vle, Fla. PIneand hammockJlands.reqire
the elements which this naltmral ferlizer
suppUea. It furnished, f. q. b at Sum-
tervlUe, In bulk for 67.50 per ton, and in sacks
for f8.6.0 per ton. Th Is Is the richest deposit
found In the State.
For cLrculars, analysis and Lest'imonlilk
from well known citizens aply BOUN
Sumterville, Fla.
or to JOHN ELLIS and Da. J.X MILAM
Leesburg, Fla.


MAY 22, 1890]




o. Latest DLesigns in Parnor and Bedroom Suites in Antinuque uaK
S es Odee a ce S'O Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands
o elicited J Bed-Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattax
9 Goods, Desks of all Kinds anc
WE SELL 140AND 4 A Styles.
Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and '
Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.
Hotels, Boardino- Houses, Ships, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.


The Dingee & Conard Co's ROSES, HARDY PLANTS,
Largest Rose Growers in America. BULBS and SEEDS.
OUR NEW GUIDE, 116 pp., elegantly illustrated, is
sent FREE to ALL who write for it. It describes and
MU M New MOON FLOWERS, and the choicest
Large Goods sent everywhere by mail or express. Safe arrivalgwar-
Rose Houses. anteed. If you wish Roses, Plants, or Seeds of any kind, it will
iayyou to see our New Guide beforebuying. Send forit-free. Address
THE DINGEE & CONARD CO., Eos~"' West Grove, Pa.

3F .A. PI:Tj..-J.--.-" urv A W1T,
Fruit and Produce Commission Merchant.
Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty. No. 284 North Delaware Avenue (below :Vine
Street), Philadelphia. Consignments of all kinds of Fruit and Produce solicited. Return
promptly made as advised. Stencils and market reports furnished on application.
Reference: H. S. Kedney Winter Park, Fla.; A H. Carey Orlando, Fla.; L.H. Law
fence, Winter Park, Fla., and the trade generally in Philadelphia and New York.

MOYER. Delaware, Ives, Cynthlana, Norton,
and other Grape Vines suited to the soil and climate
of Florida.
San Luis and Andalusia Nurseries
and Vineyards, near Tallahassee, Fla.
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
LAS, MUSCATS, etc., etc.
Send for Catalogue and estimate before ordering
EATO N. elsewhere. Send also for catalogue of:,

This is Gio. W. MOYERs' ORANGE
The FRAME is mortised and PINNED
The panel issecured in a groove.
TheFRAMES are all exactly UNI-
Boxes will always make up nice and
straight. .
Heads all dressed inside and outside. /
Every 4ead WARRANTED a good
WEIGHT of heads only HALF, the common head.
Panel in end heads one-quarter inch thick. .
PANEL in middle head same thickness as FRAME,
Heads seven-eighths inch thick.
Any standard sides work on these heads.
Every box can be LIFTED easily by the ends.
Every nail goes in across the grain of wood.
No hoops necessary to keep heads from splitting.
Heads always made of kiln-dry lumber.
No loss in these heads from shaky lumber.
Now is the time to secure your chance.
Can ship 20,000 of these heads in a car load.
If you have not placed your orders for what beads you need to ship your present orange
crop, I shball be glad to bear that you will give THIS HEAD a trial Ibtis season. I guarantee
It superior in every respect to anything you have ever used, and I know.that a trial will con-
vince you of Its merits. It makes up the neatest and strongest Orange Box ever offered on
the market.
I shall be glad to quote you prices deliver at our nearest railroad station in CAa LoAD
10TS. If you will write for prices and terme, 'ch vill be mailed promptly.
Yours truly. OEO. W. MOYERS, Longwood, Fla.


Complete Orange Tree l Manure,

Stands Unrivaled as a Plant Food for the Orange Tree_
From the Time of Setting Out to:Maturity.
By its use the trees are made so Thrifty and Healthy that they are enabled to resist dis-
ease They do not prematurely drop the oranges in wet seasons. They produce fruit oi
exquisite flavor and juiciness. Their improved and healthy condition can be seen almost
immediately. Send for descriptive pamphlet to





S'r0lce O"f WT1u il l e.-

Parker $1,7 J. Martin Rye 3.00

Orange alley 2.00 Virginia- Glades 4.00
Old Bourbon .00A
Spring Valley 2,50 Kentucky Sour Mash 5,00

North Carolina Corn -2.50 Old Baker ."00

Clifton Club -, 3.00 Montrose Velvet- 600
SJugs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 500., 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post office
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. 0. D. to dry towns.
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.
John Olark, Son & Co.


[MAY 22,1890


MAY 22, 18901





53 to 55 HOURS
Savannah, New York
and Philadelphia,
and between Boston a
and Savannah I
85 to 70 HOURS


A% -FOR.-



3"LTe' -'o0TIC, 3r013alestGO The magniflclient steamships of this line are appointed to sail as follows:

From New York, Pier 29 E. River- I STEAMER From Jacksonville, Florida.

Friday, Apr. 25 at 3 P. M............CHEROKEE ........ Thursday,
Monday, Apr.28 at 3 P. M.......... YEMASSEE.......... Sunday,
Wednesday, Apr. 80 at 3 P. M. ......... SEMINOLE......... Tuesday,
Friday, May 2 at 3 P. M............IROQUOIS...........Thursday,
Tuesday, May 6 at 8 P. M...........CHEROKEE..........Sunday.
Friday, May 9 at 8 P. M......... .YEMESSEE.........Thursday,
Tuesday, May 13 at 3 P. M..... ......SEMINOLE...... ....Sunday,
Friday, May 16 at 8 P. M............IROQUOIS...........Thursday,
Tuesday, May 20 at 3 P. M...........CHEROKEE........Sunday,
Friday, May 28 at 3 P. M......... SEMINOLE... ...... Thursday,
Tuesday, May 27 at 3 P. M..... ...... IROQUOIS....... ...Sunday,
Friday, May 30 at 3 P. M.......... CHEROKEE. ........Thursday,
These Vessels call at charleston.

May lat 2 P. M.
May 4 at 4 A.M.
May6at 5 A.M.
May 8 at 6 A. M.
May 11 at 10 A. M.
May 15 at 2 P. M.
May 18 at 4 A. M.
May22 at 6 A. M.
May 25 at 9 A. M.
May 29 at 12 Noon
June I at 8 P. M1
June 5 at 6 A. M-

For Information Regarding Freight and Passage, Apply to
J. A. LESLIE, Supt., Jacksonville, Fla.
T. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, N. Y,
JOHN L, HOWARD, F. F. A., Jacksonville.
F. M. IRONMONGER, JR., F. P. A., Jacksonville.
WIM. P. CLY.DE & CO., Gen91 Agents,

12 8. Wharves, Philadelphia

5 Bowling Green. N. N

Lale George 1NT-.rseries,
Wish to call attention to the fact that they have the genuine Riverside or Washington Na-
Tel Orange, budded directly from one of the finest groves in Riverside, California. We have
ne year uds carrying from five to eight handsome specimens of the fruit. We have two
fne varieties of the Blood Orange, the Maltese Blood and the BRound Sweet Blood. They are
oth extra fine fruit. We also have the two best varieties of early oranges the Centennial
and Parson Brown. Also, the Jaffa the variety which took the first prize at the South Flor-
Ids Exhibtion last February. We have a full lne of other citrus varieties; also other Fruit
and Ornamental Trees. Catalogue free on application.
W. W. HAWKINS & SONS, Lake George, Fla.


N 0 I -:-

Mr. F. Hopkinson is no longer agent in Florida for the
Send all orders or inquiries to the factory or to our State
agents, THOS. NOONEY & SONS, Jacksonville, Fla.
Local Agents--
Truby, Sternburg & Co., Starke, Florida.
George T. Gaines, Gainsboro, Florida.
Simmons, Carlton & Co., Arcadia, :Florida.
Petersburg, Va.

HESE NURSERIES are located In Levy County;
The Stock grown on HIGH PINE LAND.
A large stock of the best Peaches from May to October. Kelsey and Satsuma
Plms 1, 2 and 8 years old. LeConte Pears 1, 2 and 8 years old. Grapes, Figs
and Satsuma Orange Trees: Correspondence solicited for large orders. Send
for catalogue to'
DEPASS & GODBY, Waldo, Fla., or JAMES. P. DEPASS, Lake City, Fla.

with practical int o UbegIners, 1B worth sending for. It containsvaluable inftormiron t
w It a Ust of a the choicest vatleles of the citrus family grown Peahes,
Pston P Im A. rools, Persimmons, Ora es and oJther ; ... 1
of I orfda. ar stock Is high pine land, and is one of the e and lar-
-atinth TCAN sUIT YOU,.WE .CAN
SVP -ons s .old be ourtaiMge Free on ap.Eaion. Just sid your naefore.'
U;** WJEBBCE, sIn Springs. Lake County.

Ocean Steamship Company.
(Central or 90 Meridian Time)
Passage Rates:
Between Jacksonville and New York: 1st class, 825.60; Intermediate, 819.00; Excursion, 14&b
Steerage, 812.50.
Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion,.47.30; Steerage,$14.2
THE Magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
[Central or 900 Meridian Time.]
NACOOCHEE, Capt Smith...................... ................ ........Friday, May 2- 8.830p in
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Bur .. .......................... Saturday, ". 3- 4.80 pm
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. atharine......................... .:..Monday, 5- 6.00 p
CITY OF SAVANNAH Capt. Googins ............. ..........Wednesday, 7- 7.00 a an
KANSAS CITY, Capt. kempton...................................Friday, 9- 9.00 a m
CHATTAHOOOCHEE, Capt. Daggett............................. Saturday, 10- ]j.(00 a m
NACOOCHEE Capt. Smith .. .................................Monday, 12-- 12.00 m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Berg........... ..........Wednesday. 14- 1.30 a rm
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Catherine...............................Friday, 16- 4.00 p in
TALLAHASSEE, Capt Fisher............................Saturday, 17- .00 p a
KANSAS CITY, Capt. Kempton ............................. Monday, 19-- 6.00p Mi
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Daggett............................. Wednesday, 21--7.00 a m
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Googlns............. ............ Friday, 23- 9.i00a m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, apt. urg............................Saturday, 24- 9.80 a ia
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. J. W. Catharine.................. Monday, 26-- 11.00 a
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher .......................... Wednesday, 28- 12.80 a- n
KANSAS CITY, Capt. Kempton................................ Friday, SO- 2.30 p m
CHATTAHOOCOEE, Capt. Daggett................. Saturday, 81- 3.80 p m
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis...........................Thursday, May 1- 2.30 p m
GATE CITY, Capt. Hedge............................................Thursday, 8-- 8.00 a m
CITY OF MAOC O Capt. Lewis........... ....................Thursday, 18- 8.00pm
GATE CITY, Capt. Hedge.......... ......................Thursday, 22- 8.00 a m
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis.... .. .................. Thursday, 29- 1.80 p a
DESSOUG, Capt. Askins ......................... ... ... ..... .Saturday May10- 9.30 a an
DESSOUG, Capt. Askins............................... ..............Tuesday, 20-- 6'80 a m
DESSOUG, Capt. Askins..................... ........ ...................Friday, 80- 2.00 p m
Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line) offer
to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Tickets and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest
via Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN, Soliciting Agent,
71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
R. L. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent, f,
Pier No. 85 North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.
W. L. JAME 8, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
J. D. HA SHAGEN, Eastern Agent, ay.. Fla. & Western By. Co., 261 Broadway, N. Y.
G. M. SORREL, Gen. Manager. always o
For-Tickets apply to S., F. & W. Railway office.,


V .r .rT A -"ivr f .. IO ::.SP


Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran,Wheat, Grits, Meal,
COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark,

J. E. Tygert & Co.'s
Comprising ORANGE



Star Brand Fertilizers
p Analysis.

, These Eertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial will onvince.

FIGS, N. urs ies, BANANAS,P
AS, LaStook: Ohoi0ioe Varieties! True Naming ON.AVA
NUT TREES, gro. 8effier,-HI1IsblWotgh Countyi Florida; BAMBOO, ETC., ETC
L ME SSend for Calalogue. PA &. 3L S. -.




0ow 1e r^ POULTRY FOOD

Trade Mark.
ZEI ED I ES. Wil Make Hens Lay!
Will Make Chickens Grow!
skin and scalp diseases, with loss of hair, AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS.
from infancy to old age, are speedily, eco- This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully
nominally and permanently cured by the
Cuticura Remedies, when all other remedies cooked, ground fine, seasoned and. hermeti-
and methods fail. call sealed in 8-lb cans. Being ground fine, it
Cuticira, the great Skin Cure, and Cuticura cl sa in-c ans Bing gn d fn e, ii
Soap, an exquisite Skin Beautifier, pro- can be readily mixed with soft food, and fed
pared from it, externally, and Cuticura so as to give each fowl an equal share. Price
Resolvent, the new Blood Purifier, internally, S0 cts per can; $3 per doz. Address HOLLIS
cure every form of skin and blood disease DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North
from pimples to scrofula.
Sold everywhere. Price, Cuticura, 50c.; Boston, Mass. [Mention paper. I
So ;, 2_ -,$l. Prepared by the
TT, CHEMICAL Co., Boston,
nI o 'r"ow Cure Skin Diseases." Write us, and we will
"-Pimples, blackheads, chapped and send you one on
'-oily skin prevented by Cuticura-l1M ays' TestTrial
Relief in one minute, for all pains and In your own home.
weaknesses, in Cuticura Anti-Plabter, U We pay all freights. No cash
the only pain-killing plaster. 25c. asked until you are suited.-
Satisfaction Guaranteed.
TO GET HIGHEST PRICES, Over 40,000 Southern homes
A supplied by us on this plan
S .since 1870. Fairest method

[MAY 22, 1880


S Budded from tried and approved varieties, and on good healthy stocks.
Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LiCONTE PEARS, GRAPES, and a general line of
lit Trees suitable to Florida. Address,
.. A.SE0OT "W-.A.-IB, CI-eorgeto-wzn, Pla
May 16'88 tf

Eustis, Lake County, Fla.,
Offer for sale probably the largest and finest stock of
to be found in the State. All grown on pine land, budded on sweet or sour orange stocks;
clean, well rooted and healthy. Among other items are a large stock of Riverside or Wash-
ington Navel, Ruby, Mediterranean Sweet and Jaffa, suitable for shipping; straight, well
grown buds; a large stock of Hart's Tardiff; a stock of extra fine large budded orange trees
I% to 2% inch, 2 and 3 year buds, many bearing; Villa Franca Lemons; extra fine sweet
seedlings, all sizes up to 4 inches; peaches, pears, plums, persimmons and grapes. Price list
free on application. G. H. N ORBTON, Eustis, Fla.

-OF THE- ,
Milwaukee-Florida Orange Company.
HOICEST Strains of Distinctive Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a specialty. Our stock is
large and complete. Prompt attention to correspondence. For catalogue and price list,
address A. L. DUNpCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.

-SHIP YOUR ---- ofsale known. Buyers saved
--SHIP YO-- all risk, and ensured PA
Perfect Instruments W '11t YO Irip PAT
ALLIGATOR SKINS, a. a owe.t cos.
A LLGA OR S IN ,We make it easyforalltobuy. F actoy1
Write for
PLUMES, IDES, Valuable Information. Don't you know that groves and truck gar- 11
LUDDEN & BATES, dens that were thoroughly irrigated suffered
WOOL, ETC.,j w SAVANNAH, GA. less during this last cold snap than those that
were not? And don't you know that during
-TO- P every April and May we have a drouth caus-
ing trees to drop one-half their fruit, while C T
C. E. PONTIER & CO., ff FLUO --- OF SONu a large per cent. of this loss might be avoided Cypress Tanks, R. R. Tanks,
by proper irrigation.
FOR SCHOOLS. These are Facts for You to
PATENT Children's Shool So z.) s es Consider. W IN D M IL L L S
of simple explanations, an5 138 new and sel- W -
ected songs for general singing. This little I have of late associated myself with the
Grazing Muzzle. book is being received with much favor, oldest and most practical well-driller and
Kindergarten Chimes. ($125.) Kate Douglas hydraulic engineer in the State, and can put
Wiggin. Good manual and fine collection. you in an irrigating plant in complete work- The Proprietor manufactures all sizes of
Kindergarten and Primory School Songs. (80 ing order in any part of the State by either first-class Cypress Tanks, Erects Wind-mills,
cts.; $3 doz.) Menard the and makes
No more orders for the above muz- Sangs and Games for Little Ones. ($2.) Tanks a peC.iy
Walker and Jenks. Hydraulic Steam Pump or Ar- Railroad Tanks a Specialty.
zle can be filled at present. Gems for Little Singers. (30 cts.; $3 doz.) tesian Well Plan, n p o t S
Emerson and Swayne. teian Well Plan, He goes to any part of theState,and-to ad-
Rhymes and Tunes.. (1.) Mrs. Osgood. dependent on your location. We also have a joining States. Call upon or address
Motion Songs. (20 ots.; $1.80 doz.) Mrs. plan of sub-irrigation, very reasonable and
M. S. Moreman, Switezrland, Fla. Boardman. very effective. Address A. L. JONES, *
Get them all. They are'the most delightful E. L. BUGBFY, Palatka, Fla.
C.4 books. Also try the sweet little cantatas: Palatka, Fla.
Kingdom of Mother Goose. (25 cts.; $2.28
doz) Mrs. Boardman. TRYUIN IT.
.l'-'. Rainbow Festival. (20 cts ; $1.80 doz.) Lewis. PEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH. T..... ...
S-. 1 Who Killed Cock Robin? (40 ets.; $3.60 doz.) ILLUSTRATED LIST FREE.- T-
___ Ford. "L S A LS FRE Guaranted S- :-
1 SONG MANUAL. Book 1, Primary, 30 ets., Jennings Nuirsery Co., Thomas,- -l L to Cure Eve 'ryK'd of
$3 doz. :Book 2, Medium, 40 cts., $4.20 doz. ALL to Cure Eve
Book 8, High, 60 ots., $4.80 doz. By Emerson. ville, Georgla. _t fl i'
These are the newest and best books for HEADACHE.
reaching note reading in schools.
tz = Send for Lists and Descriptions. ll il It Never Has Failed
Any book mailed for retail price. Au Dr gig Sellit

a ,= CI. H. DITSON & Co., 867 Broadway, N. Y. 1HE,1) SMYRNA B EM
> TL; 'san Eight Page Fn'Iy Newi aper devoted
., RARE CHANCE ,,he haest, lithete or ldaandof
0- *" th East Coatst e..eciaiiy.
TO OBT"I Gre'at b No._-l 44 i.3, it begins tne pubil,3. I
To OBTAIN The Great Farm, Industrial & Live tion of the personal memoirs of

Lng-FeltWant Supplie CHOI CE PO ULTRY Stock Journal of the South. Mrs.Jane Sheldon
A Long-Felt Want Supplied. ONE YEAR FOR ONLY $1.
Can be adjusted to sow any quantity pe-r acre AT iOW PRICES. One of the eldest settlers on the East Coast.
f A .Bn 64 to 80 agesfinely Ulustrated and superbly They are hghily Int-erering,as she graphlcal-
ofAAshes, alt. Boane Meal, CoIton Seed I will sell youngchicks,'twoto four.-monthS printed. Hon. W. J. Northn, President of lydescribe b. trials and bardhlps suffered
Meal,, or any finely ground old, at 75 cents to $1.5 each, ot the following the Georgia State Agrlcultural Sociely, and during two long wdrs She has seen all, and
commercial fertilizer varlelles: Golden, SIIver and White Wyon- Col. R. J. Reddine, Director of the Georgia will t1ll, In her pleasing manner, of many of
pay. el In ONE SEASON In an dottes, Barred and White Plymouth Rocks, Experimental Stalono, write exclusakely ior the Important enanges thbt have taken place
Will pay. r ef In ONE SEASON In any White Created Black and Golden Polish, Tie .o'dthrn Cuittolor, and are assisted by here during her sixty years' residence In the
large grove. Price, %2O.OO, freight paid, White Game Bantams, Rouen, Cayuga, the ablest anrd best corps of agricultural State.
Sdeliveredr to any town i the Sltw. Send for Aylesbury and White Cresaed Ducks. Also writerasla the South Send for sample copy,
delivered to any town n the State. Send for matured breeding stock of the above and premium list, etc., to te Subscription price, $1.50 per annum.
catalogue and testimonials. Brown China and Toulomse Geese' at reason-
. ,. HENRY H. DEAN, able prices. Addre .PAINE, CULTIVATOR PUBLISHING CO., Nelson &-Allyn, Pubs.
Santord, Florida. Federal Point, Fla. Drawer M, Atlanta, Ga. New Smyrna, Fla
'~~~ ~ Ne Smyr"- Fla ,- ,ii *..**.*^

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