EHEELLOR\I DA Lii SPATCWANDC~
CHM 0oI DA PIS PATCl
(- ESTABLISHED 1869 ( ." A
FOR GROVE AND GARDEN'; FARM AND N HO M E.S
, New Series.
Jacksonville, Fla., Monday, January 28. 1889.
Vol. 9, No. 4
SANFORD, ORANGE CO., FLA.
" .JOHN W. WELLIINGTON,
irov es, Lands and Town Lots.
Care of Estates Solicited.
Of all leading varieties, including
PINEAPPLE AND ORANGE.
Prices on applicatlot.
L. B. C. A.SKINNER, Nurserymen,
D UNE DI N. lkLA.
M CGECHIN & BRO.,
ALRCHITECTS & CONTRACTORS.,
VILLA OfTY, LAKE CO., FLA.
Special attention given to de-igninn arc
building small houses, coaling trou $.W0 lI
T HE ORANGE GROVE
Has fine bargain In Wild Lanis. orange Orove,
Truok'LahidiA,To>n Lots,on Railroads Riere, Bar
taors.aid Ba.vs. ftoney invested and taxes paid for
absebntes. Lands aiaplted 'o ranges. Lemons, Ba-
ianas, Pepplee, Ric Sugar-Ca and oarly Truck
=a rdens. prices low. Payable on tEle intalilmebt
eFul. particJars in Tne Orange Grove."
it) CelDIs, Wtn a map of Flurida.
Addrrsi, THE ORN OE GHOV-E AGENCY,
LJerpool, DeSoto Co Fla.
M ERRILL STEVENS ENGI-!
S ccessors to J. E Merrill & Bro..)
BLACKSM.ITHING AND BOILERHAKINO.
Machinery of alU Kiads arumlebed and set up.
Write for estimates to
0 and I0 East Eay St., jaks'inutile, Florida.
SAS. A. FAREWELL,
FAREWELL & PAGE.
FURNITURE AND BEDDING.
4 E. Bay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.
: LORIDA GROWN TREES
F" A SPECIALTY.
Pears, Peaches, Apples, Japan Kelsey
Plums,Apricots, Early Golden Sweet. Potato
For Catalogue, apply to
.J. A. DANIEL,
Proprietor of Riverlde Nursery
Glen St. Mary. Baker Co., Pla
S. N. P. BIHOFF. Assesor oi Revenue.
- JOS. D. H-TIBSE; Notary Puoirc and Conveyancer.
0 RANGE GROVES.
l TRUCK LANDS.
Wild and LimrroTed lands for sale. Bearing
: orangTe groe rom t.ri lo $[i,(t,. Map of Pasi'o
c .. county, Mc. Orange grove plantAed out and taIen
c.. re or. Taxsa pail for nonre.iients. Vegetable
S.; da at low prfe. Charming Lake Fronts tor sale.
Enc' lose two-cent lamp for terms and Informartion
to + B"SLHOFF &. [HMISEN
'- San A.nioio. Ia.
, --' '* ;'-.*
THE DAIRY-The Great Milk Question . '
TOBACCO INTERESTs-Tobacco-Its Early History; Our Leaf Imports for 1888; Advice to Farmers
to be Honest and Careful; New York's Annual Output of Cigars and Cigarettes since 1881
STOCK AND POULTRY-Kites; Dry Food for Fowls; Turkeys fer Breeders; American Sheep; Gray
Horses; Chicked Mites; Invalid Poultry
MANUFACTURERs-Manufacturers; "A Sample of Western Energy"; Africa Moving; Wealth of
the Vanderbilts; Navy Drill .
ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE-Carnations and. Pansies; One Woman's Pluck; Yuccas; Cheap
Heaters for Conservatories; Ship to the Fruit Exchange-One Grower's Experience
HOME INTERESTS-Salutatory; Making Coffee . . .
EDIToIAL, DEPARTMENT-Items ; Truck Farming atthe South; To Our Fri-nds; Immigration .
The Onion Culture; Fair Play; Another Step Upward; The Farmer and Fruit Grower Sold;
Kind Words; The Paris Exposition; American Pomological Society;. The Nicaraugua Canal;
The Jatfa Orange; The Extra Session; The Manufacture of Glass .
CoRRESPONDENCE-From Waldo; Speaking of Bears; Melrose Briehtenjng Up .. .
CoxmUNICATIONs-Important to New Cqmets; How to Eat Oranges ..
IPORTANT ArTICnES-HOW to Make a Barbed Wire Fence; Ensilage; Die-Back; Irish Potato
Culture; A Good Suggestion; Matrimony Made Easy. . ...
CONTRcaUTIONs-Botanical Nomenclature; Editorial Dots .
TIR.,IAn-A-State Nws . .. ". .
r t m ER'S ALLIANcE-Proceedings Farmer's Alliance . .
Sr t and Vegetable Grower's Association; Pepoer Sane e; To Correspondents; The Tea Ques-
; ThTropal Agriculturist; The Florida Truth .
IMt ,.'aney Hedge ose Plants; Care of the Scrub Cow . .
d l YUISVTU OtA
r'3 !V I-'- IA 1 .r -U T, A T.I.UN 0IK.AT
(t-'- ~r+ /I f I:t ITr I &fa'dtoryprlece in B'rooklyn, N. Y
$25 pe1 1ron Delivere U EO0. W. BIKEt'-j R6r .,
S -. -V BONE MANUttE, DreompOnsip.
with r.,t.rsn. Unrivalled for Orangei, Peaches, Ve.et, bieos, Ac. Spaelal prices in large lots.
Send i'.rCil ,l'.sue andl aimpie. BAKER BB S., Palnilsprings, Fla.
VV j. ;APLE BRAND *
Send for samples of Wall Paper at North- .
ern prices, to CANADA HARD WOOD UN-.
ROBINSON DENVA, LACED ASHES.
in5 W. Bars,---" LEACHED ASHES.
Nature's aorest and nest fertuilier. Containing
,)u anmD ail o0[1-r plI.ar -Id in tbe aOstL available
'orm. ITnf. s bAt,- are t DnrugUl tu'fLeo and outup
L ew 'heai ort Ito pounds each eD[. oea'tuL' APLE
HAND RADlS HARK. Contenpt guaranteed pure
-tiJe ia original ta-'.a. For =aapl, anrse l p'lce,
pply O yMASSEY x CO:,
1 t Palnm Sprtings., Fla.
1 I t 1 I 1 1N lI. 1 11i.
Weare prepared to furnish and put down
all kinds of Irrigatng Machinery, steam
Pumps, Wind MI.ls, Rams, Tanks, Piping,
Fi'ttge, 8aw-Ml% Macaluery, etc., etc. Es-
tLmates cheerfully rurnished. Wrtte for par-
PEN-NINGTON & CO.,
Lady Lake, Fla.
Estabtlhea New York, lt-4. Jacksonville, 1I73.
THOSE. NOONEY & SONS,
WBOLES.LE COMMISSION MERCHANTS
in and Shippers ot
FOREIGN AN--D DoTsETriC FRTilS AND PRODUCE.
Iti nd iI East Bay Street,.
8 ieade St N. Yw irk. jackoDrIllle, Florida.
-ii orders aor hipping promptlb atendie.o to. Con-
aisrnment- of Pro. nne aLd Fruit are soUelted. Re-
rurs male on da, ui .ale.
GROVE ,: AND ., NURSERY,
SOUTH LAKE WEIR, FLA.
Twenty tbo,.sand Milan and Villa Franca
L.emooi uIsd, Large slze, and in linecon'llton:
also Budded Olrange .in Sour S'o,:K, large
.ize. I will Sell tbh- l..o:,e io C C- eAP, a. I
want tire g..ound in my grove.
J. C. PEKR INE
race NooNiB.CAa. Noon-E. raA.Av Noomr. TEXAS HILL NURSERY,
OR BIRDSEYE VIEWVS Prie,I the dnoest andi ceeapest sloca ci
inul trees, especially LC'0onre. Kle'fer Hy-
brid, Bnrtie't Lawso,.Garber, Japan Mii:.-
Of tow-nsorplaces ln any size in color or Jo. 'ith HyDnid. Bernard Amyon, Deanlleas
rprn d'A.r,;.,aieiumeaud Ho,-vil Peara; Apples. Ja-
AROEEITECrURAL DESIGNS A.-ND DRAWINGS pan i'erirumnjons, Peaches, 'luams, Pecaun,
Executed In best style. .
P-rtralis In Crayon or Pa.tell a speelairy. Cametl las, Juponica.. Ple. C"taLloge tree.
H ARLES Kl.LL ER.,
E. o ELRIEGOHFF. Artist, Windsor, Fla Mouli lellO. Fla.
ARCHITECT AND C-VTL ENGreUI
Plans, Specifications and Estimates for buildings of
all kinds, Sanitary work, etc..
Rooms 7 and s Palmetto Block, Bay Street.
P. O. Box 785, Jactkonville, Ft
A J. BEACH & SON,
NU RSER YMEN.:
Seven varieties New Japan Pertunmons, Japan
Cte.nmuic, Budded and Seealing Orange, Peaches
GOODSELL & BISHOP,
'103 PARK PLACE, NEW YORK.
We have completed arrangements with the
leading bou es In all the desirable markbtkof
Europe, to dispose of Florida oraiges to tit
best advantage, and it a minimum cost to
We re mit proceeds of sales promptly on re-
ceivng,'eportas by cable.
SW examine fruic at New York anda then,
send Ir only by iruit carrying eteamers.
Wuen shipments are made to us notice
should be mailed at once, with bUI of lading
aud statement ot numbn r of boxes of each
"size and bow boxes are stenelled.
Send for stencils and gkrculars.
SUNNY SIDE HOTEL.
Surf Bathing, Still Water Fishing and 8al.
ng on th[be East coast. The finest sea share
resort in Florida. For terms, family rates.
etc., correspond with
DH. HERDM AN, Prop..
1 GLEN Sr. MARY,
BAKER COUNTY, FLA.
Owine to the seareliy Of money throughout
the outih, I bare dec ided to reduce the price
of my nursery staoeK to (be next 6t) days as
2' per aent. duLcount on Peaches from cata-
.id. per cent. discount on Satsuma Plums
from catalogue price. Respectfully,
J. E. COLL. Propr
A B. CAMPBELL,
PIANOS AND ORGANS
ile.t makes. Lowest prices. Easiest terms. crw
for free eatalogile. witn full Information.
PRI NTIN G.
S-- ---**'.,* *;.
The DaCosia Printing and Publishing
House Is ,till open and prepared to do all
kinds of Printiog--Plain and Ornamental.
send along your orders, and itLey will be
attended to proUoptly.
DAC0oTA P'T & PUB. HOUSE
rack onrlile, Fla
$2.00 Per ABnntm. -
THE .PLORIDA DISPATCH =---
[JANUARY 2$, 18891
SAVANNAH, FLORIDA AND WESTERN RAILWAY
Ma --The Floridya Dispa1,to5 Line--
With the Magnificent Connections.
The Great Fast Express Freight System .of the South.
The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and People's Line of Steamers between Sanford, Pa.
latka and Jacksonville, South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S7, F. & W. Ry between Jacksonville, Galnesville, River Junction and Savan-
nah, Savannah and Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York. The best equipped, fastest and most
prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections
NORTH BOUND. SOUTH BOUND.
Double daily tst freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup and Savannah. Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Jesup and Sa-
Daily fast freight all rail connection via tk a Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior vannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville, Jacksonville, Calla-
and Coast points, including New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and han and Live fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship omak.y, sailing ro
Providence. Tri-weekly service by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from.
Tri-weekly connection for New York via the 'Ocean Steamiship Company, leaving Savan- New York (New Pier 35, North River,) direct for Savannah Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur.
nah Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. days.
Every five days for Baltimore, via Merchantsand Miner's Transportation Company,leav- The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers leave Boston every Thursday
lIg Savannah May 8th, at p. m May 14th, at 7 p.m., May 19th at 1:30p in., May 14th, at for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight, train=
5:4 p. m. for all points in Florida. Only direct line from NewEngland to the South.
Weekly connection for Boston via the Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co. coming from Philadelphia every Saturday for
Savannah every Thursday. Savannah direct.
Weekly connection for Philadelphia via the Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., two steamers per week
every Saturday. from Baltimore for Savannah direct making close connection with S., F. & W. By for alt
Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. points South.
The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best fast freight route from all points North, East and Westto Florida. For full particulars rates, stencils and shipping receipts apply
to ny agents of the above lines, or to, WM. P. HARDEE, Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
OWENS, Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Traffic Agent, Jacksonville Fla..
.. E. DRAYTON, Tray. Agent. Live Oak J. P. JORDAN, Trav. Agent, Quincy. F. S. KNIGHT, Trav. Agent, Jacksonville. J. H. STPHENSx, Agent, Jacksonville.
ROYAL PALM NURSERIES.
Offer the largest variety of plants and trees to be found intheUnited States.
Send 10 cents for 10) page Catalogue.
OUR PRICES are as low as good stock can be supplied for.
GRAND COLLECTIONS of FRUIT PLANTS, PALMS and EVERGREENS.
10 Distinct Species of Rare Tropical Fruits only $2.
Write for estimate on any lot of trees wanted.
Address, REASONER BRO'S, Manatee Fla.
YEARS OF TRIAL HAVE DEMONSTRATED
H.J. BAKER& BROS.'
ORANGE TREE IANIUtE
Is Most Economical, Looking at Results Obtained,
It Makes the Tree Grow Vigorously,
Hastens its Maturity,
Very Largely Increases the Yield,
Greatly Improves the Quality of Oranges..
Its Effects are Immediate, but Lasting.
Send for Descriptive Pamphlet to
Selling Agent for Florida, Jacksonville and Santor
S 1WM. L. FREELAND, Tavares, Fla.
Excelsior Grove and Seed Farm,
Forage, Seed, Fertilizers,
For circulars, prices, etc., address
JNO. A. GERIWOND.
G. W. BARNETT. J. H. BARNTT.
Florida Fruit Exchangre.
Fruits and Vegetables.
Prompt returns. Stencls on application.
159 South Water Street, Chicago.
- .. "'--'. = -Clear Water Nuasery,
Send for Treatisc on Orange Culture. lear "Nusery
Clear Water Harbor, Hillsboro Co,, Fla.
solas cheaply we oe DUNCAN BR0 'S, Nurserymen & Florist
Syou our NIAGARA For In reduction '
in your locality will name dealers' prices for (1l(i,VI'i( trees. In stock. gree-nboiiueaid shade
single pump. State diepn eo" well. We also arbors propagating., \'e hare a full line of
manufacture the latest Imrr.edi outfits fot Citrus, Orirenl.aland DerciduousStocks, Tropi-
Spraying Fruit Trees. 'llre for cticulars oaland Senil-ropliai Flults, Piantd Ever-
FIELD FORCE P[iUtP CO.. greens Grasses, etc. EvEryhLng ior Florida
Lockport, r. SBend for Iluu-trated Catalogue.
DARLING'S COMPLETE FERTILIZERS,
Made Expressly for the FRUIT AND TRUCK GROWERS OF FLORIDA.
---Manufactured by the-
1L. B. Darling Fertilizer Coimpany, Pawtucket, R. 1.
Southern Offices and Warehouses, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
F. C. VIACOMBER, General Sales Agent, Bostwick Building.
CANADA UNLEASHED HARD WOOD
AtS Et SUPPLIED IN CAR LOTS.
ASHE :1TrPUrT UP IN BAGS OR. BARRELS.
Cheapest Fertilizer in Use.
Direct shipments. Guaranteed analysis. Price andPamphlet free. Address
CHAS. STEVENS, Box 437 Napanee, Ont., Canada.
3PanCQast cf3 4 ri-3ltitlaM,,
WHOLESALE FRUIT AND PRODUCE
Shipments sold as soon as practicable on arrival, and remitted for' soon as closed out
every time. .
One -Iaunacrea *actiusnada
San I Paeblo Nunrsery.
We have for sale 100,000 grape vines of the following named varieties: Amber, Brghton.
Catawba, Champion, Concord, Delaware, Duchess, Goethe, Hartford, Ives, Martha, Noah,
Pearl, Perkins, Salem and Triumph; all grown at San Pablo; well-rooted, thrifty vines; A
No.1 stock. Mailing vines a specialty. "Terms Cash." Will mall you our special collec-
tionof 15 vines on receipt of ONE DOLLAR. W. B. GRANT, Supt.,
EEL San Pablo, Florida.
irsold,one to three lunches in diameter.
ard varieties. Said by all who bave seen
iriftiness and freedom from Insects.
les forsale on advantageous terms.
S. H. FRINK. Vi'bilesville. Fla.
TWENTY YEARS ESTABLISHED.
Fruit and Produce Commission Merchant.
Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty. No.. 234 North Delaware Avenue (below Vtines
Street) Philadelphia. Consi nments.of all kinds of Fruit and Produce solicited. Returns
promptly made as advised. Stencils and market reports furnished on application.
Reference: H. S. Kedney, Winter Park, Fla.; A. H. Carev, Orlando, Fla.; L. H. Law-
rence, Winter Park, Fla., and the trade generally in Philadelphla and New York.
Staara, Rseuaioe instru ments at lqwet prlcee tnown.
No competition with Cheap, ieferior Infstrumaents.
REDUCED PRICES, SPECIAL OFFERS.
PIANOS $200. ORGANS $65..
l ,l rr-, iti stringed. Four SetsReeds. Eltven
[tI .11 11 ". l, .,i : 3i. f Cr,- i L.L. ,, riL . ,
STOO1, COVER, INSTRUCTOR-ALL FREIGHT PAID.
Luraeest -lock -,uthn. 200 Sl lle- andl
Pl'lrce. Niano..-.j' lionlblv. tI'IaIIlis-
.io Iiontli l L.--.- T Prne..-Fair Contraet-
N.. Rak--N.,. Forfliirti. .:4 It.-l Paid. -U IX
SPIECIAT. OFFEltf. -nid .-.r Free Pnlper
"t',lllll inl- aim Fla[l, ng ir-t ra t.:.,Umati').
LUDDEN & BATES,
SOUTHERN MUSIC HOUSE, SAVANNAH, GA..
UNLEASHED HARDWOOD ASHE&
The claims made for this Fertlizer are: :
large percentage of Potash and Phosphorice
Acid; no Sodium Salts or Chlorides, and but'
atraceof Sulphu ric Aclds.
Honest Welghts. Elghty-nine per cent
actual Plant Food. They are Positivelv Un.
leaeed, and not a pareicle or aln substance
is ever mixed with Ithem to give a fdcUtlou
The Cheapest and Best General Fertilizer
in Use. ,
Thoroughly sifted to remove all laree coals.
Sola on a Guarantee to be the Best Genuine
Hardwood Ashes, or any package forfeited.
Pamphlet containing analysis and other
Inrornation furnished on application.
Address, C. E. DEPUTY.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FLORIDA FRUIT GROWERS' ASSOCIATION. THE FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETALBE GROWERS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION.
THE FLORIDA FARMERS' STATE ALLIANCE.
JACKSONVILLE, JANUARY 28. 1889.
THE GREAT MILK QUESTION.
The Dairy. No. 2.
In a recent and exhaustive article
on the subject of milk adulteration.
written by Dr. Cyrus Edson, of the
New York Board of Health, he
says: "'It was found to be an absolute
fact that milk from healthy cows nev-
er fell below 1.029 at 6o degree (of
Fahrenheit scale) or 100 degrees of
the lactometer. The thousands of
samples of milk taken from cows, not
only in the United States but abroad,
confirm the fact. Now, as a matter
of fact, the average milk has a specific
gravity of 109 (9 degrees above the
test adopted in New York and Jack-
sonville) of the lactometer. The too
mark was taken as a standard because
a few samples of milk were found that
had a specific gravity of 102 degrees
on the lactometer; and by putting the
standard at 1oo degrees 1.029 THE
AUTHORITIES FELT THAT NO INJUSTICE
COULD BE DONE TO ANY FARMER OR
"The lactometer," says Dr. Edson,
"has been more abused than any in-
strument I know of, and the reasons
for the distrust with which-it has been
looked at are, I think, due
First. To the fact that, some years
ago, a large number of lactometers
were on the market whose ioo degrees
indicated a specific gravity of 1.030,
1.032, etc., and others that were
Se.ond. To the fact hat the tempera-
.I,,ei c i o overlooked. Any one can
understand what a great difference
this produces in the results. All that
is claimed fur the lactmnieter is li/al, if
a'Jtr," i',' h.: bi 'el aid J A' .'uik, it
:p'/"7 5'ir,:/! 'u .'("i 't at /ri?,'./"
The la ws of New Jersey a:nd Massa'i
clh setts require that milk shall con-
tair, rn:t oe rr 77 per cent. of water and
:not less: than 14 per cent. ofnilk solid'.
The law o1 New York requires not
i more than 7S per cient. of water, nor
less than a1 per cent. of milk solid.
The lactometric test required by the
city of Jackso.nville corresponds with
the requirements of the State of New
York. The laws of New .Jersey and
SMassachusetts may oppress milkmen,
because the standard established is
too high, for in a few cases it has
been found that milk from healthy
cows marked but 102 degrees of .thie
Mr. Fdward Martin, in the second
annual report of the New York Dairy
Commission, exhibits the results ob.
trained by numerous authorities in
various portions of the world, from
the analyses of about 2o.ooo samples
of milk; and it was found that the
.maximum of mnik solids was 14.47,
and of water 86.53 per cent.; and the A remarkable outbreak of fever oc- ents. The principal adulterant is wa-
minimum 12.50 of milk solids,, and curred at Aberdeen, Scotland, in~ter. This may be detectedby the lac-
87.50 of water. The lactometric test i88i. The cases were limited to a tometer.
adopted by the State of New York particular milk supply, 88 per cent. "We have seen that milk may be
and the city of Jacksonville, requires of the families using the milk being made a source of danger by the dis-
that the amount of water, shall not attacked. There is not a doubt that honest, careless or ignorant. By
exceed 80 per cent., and not less. tubercules in the cow can be com- adulteration the consumer is robbed
than 12 per cent. of milk solids. municated to man through milk. of his proper rnourishnent. Infected
Hence it is evident that the milkmen According to that eminent writer milk, or milk from diseased animals,
are more favored than consumers. on Hygiene, Professor Parkes, "Milk may act as a carrier and disseminator
Many arguments have been ad- may be the means of conveying the of disease. The danger may be two-
vanced by dairymen and the oppo- poison of typhoid fever, scarlet fever, fold. By adulteration the health of
nents of milk inspection to control and diptheria. In the' first, it has the consumer may be reduced and his
and thwart the measures adopted by probably usually arisen from the wa- system made fertile, so to speak, for
the sanitary authorities. They main- tearing of the milk with foul water con- the growth and development of the
tain that a qualitative and quantity training the agent; but it may possibly germs of disease that may contaminate
tive analysis should be made of every have arisen from the typhoid effluvia the milk.
suspected sample of milk. When wa- being absorbed by, the milk, as in the '"What then is the remedy to be ap-
ter is to be detected such a proceed- case at Leeds. The scarlet fever and plied for the cure of the evil? The
ing is unnecessary. In this connec- diptheritic poisons have probably got first duty of every Government is to
tion Dr. Battershall says: "Recourse into the milk from the cuticle (skin) protect the lives and health of its citi-
to this method would, however, in- or discharges of persons affected with zens. Inspectors of milk should be
volve a greater amount of time than those diseases, who were employed in provided, and every city should have
it is usually practicable to devote to the dairy when il! or convalescent, at least one such inspector to every
the examination of the numerous But the recent investigations of Power. hundred thousand of ,population.
samples daily inspected. The adop- and Klein seem to show pretty con- Each inspector should be provided
tion of such a course would require clusively that cows may either be in- with a lactometer, with which he
the expenditure of too much time, 'the fected with scarlatina poison from should carefully test the milk offered
object of milk examination would be man, or are liable to a disease which, for sale by dealers."
defeated, and the milkmen would although comparatively mild as re- The laws against milk adulteration
have an open sesame to defraud the gards the animal itself, is capable. oQf in New York city are excellent, and
public. The expert can usually at a communicating scarlet fever to hu- other cities would do well to copy
glance-tell when milk is watered, man beings., them. But the control of milk adul-
Smart milkmen discuss the lactomet- Three or four years since diptheria teration disposes of but a few of the
ric test as applied to skimmed milk. suddenly appeared in a particular por- danger of milk. It is infected milk
and that it would pass the test of the tion, of the city of London. The dis- that is nost to be feared, and against
lactometer as pure milk; but at a trict health officer ascertained that it it thls State provides no safeguards.
glance, without any test, the expert was confined to families -upplied b\ a In order to cope with these dangers a
would detect the imposition. Dr. particular milkman. He traced the corps of veteran inspectors should be
Edson remarks that "it does not re- milkman to his home, and found tha provided. It should e the duty of
quire an expert to detect the differ- the milk pails were washed with water the.e men to examine from time to
ence between cream, pure milk,. and taken from a small stream. Tracirng timeeyery herd of cows in the State.
skimmed milk." .; the stream towards its source he dis- They sho:,uld have the power to sum-
Bad mill rma produce disease in covered that the Water clo'et ot a marily destroy all animals suffering
.Bad millk ra.' produce dseise in scola located -r he rrom dr tu.berculeis, and toisolate efRect-
human beings, and all unhealthy cows pub-ic school was located omer the ualh an uerand tine- hoSle iabe to
shouldd be removed frcm a dairy. creek. Diptheria prevailed in the al. e nta ine se liabe to
Professor Mosler hIs directed attn- village, and he satisfied himself that caue contagious disease.
ion to the poisoujing effects of blue the excrete of the children attending But the State has another important
milk that is to sa, milk covered with 'the school passing .into the wlwter u tJ pert-, in n addition to enact-
a later of a blue subst;nrce which is a caused the disease in those usiir: thi irm-it w ou ad c mpelling obedience to
ung'us, which seems to have the paw- milk. : Iem-it should educate the farmer to,
ungus. which seems to have the pow- ca ir c l;rIr his stock properly, 'and to
er. in certain conditions, of causing Dr. Earnest Hart. one of the most point out to him the dangers to him-
the generation in the milk of an ana. eminent medical men of I.,-,ndon, En. self and fellow men of iIlth and lack of
ine substance. Milk of this descrip. land. in I8;I collecte-d arnd ibulated hygienic surroundings.
ion gives rise to .irritation of the fifty, epidemics, of typhoid fever, if i. : : j K.
stomach, and in four ca'es noticed by teen of scarlet fecer. and seven of Jeksonville Jan. 7, 189.
his writer it caused inflammation Ol diptheria w\hic were traced to milk *o, :4
'he stomach. Milk which contains poisoning, and since that, time .many ,. Fi-.:.m te I cra'd i reah, St. Louis, MIs-
arge quantities of Oidium (a fungus others have occurred.. sour,. Auzeu.t ii',. 18,7.
growth) causes,according to Hessling, The moral law says. "'Thou shall R,..:i.ring to., Sbai.renerg,-r's A.'niilde for
dyspeptic svmptons and cholera-like not kill," and the dai'r, man who vio- Mlnl'la, the blUlnes.s niuager oi h I Her.'d
ttac:s. Virchow states that pus from latest this law by adulerating his milk, On? L n- .,rtai ,i, and-wali speedilyti red'
in inflated udder, or an abscess of using impure water to water his cows, of an uupliis5nt Irntern'i.t,'rnt F'ver., He
ame will give rise to inflammation. of and to cleanse. his dairy utensils, or th.r, rconminen.jed it to F. J. TlerfenlrauL.,
he mouth in children, and to thrush uses milk :from diseased animals, or I'-15 Pepin Etie:-i, and to Poilee Offi'r Meld-
n the lips and gums. There has beer feeds his cattle on improper food, if ever, at le Union Depot, bothb o wbom
discussion whether milk from cows he does not violate the moral law, he wi.'rec b dt. orbit hnd ife, 0 tcer a
utTering Irom foot and mouth disease shaves a violation very closely. In i'-,ero'i'.-eeral days'duration,. Look a ;Ingle
:an produce serious disease in the hu- this connection Dr. Cyrus Edson re- Jo-e arid was perfecnt cured. In ,lw of
nan being. In the affirmative, much marks: the.e renarkab!t cuisc, anB r.'ien'inaring
valuablee evidence has been adduced "By the adulteration of milk is ho'w n, rm.~ny spent. ror quinine. Fo
)y Drs. McBride. Gooding, Hislop, meant the addition of any substance riotti, -can only wdupo, and ofhate-n Ibergu-
Latham and Briscoe. or the removal of any of its constitu- Antido(t would come into general use.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
[JANUARY 28, 1889.
Tobacco-Its Early History.
It is asserted that tobacco was in
use in China from the earliest times,
but we have no certain knowledge
that this was the case. If it was so,
the knowledge of the plant' and its
uses have been. carefully guarded by
the chinese, for it was not introduced
into any other Oriental nation until
after its discovery in America.
When Columbus first landed on the
Island of San Domingo, in the West
Indies, he found tobacco in use among
the natives there, who smoked it
when made into .small cylindrical
rolls and wrapped in maize leaf. The
Indians on the continent smoked it in
a pipe, and among all the tribes, from
Peru to Upper Canada, the first dis-
coeerers found the plant to have been
in use, and to have been known to
them from so early a period that the
time of its discovery was unknown.
The smoking of tobacco with the In-
dians partook largely of the nature of
a religious rite. The seeds of the to-
bacco plant were first brought to Eu-
rope by Gonzalo Hernandez de Ove-
dio, who introduced it into Spain,
where it was first cultivated as an
ornamental plant, till a traveler, who-
had noted its use among the Ameri-
can Indians, called attention -to its
narcotic properties. The name is
said to have been taken from Tobac-
co, a province of Yucatan, though
others derive it from Tobago, an
island in the Caribean Sea; and yet
others from Tobasco, in the Gulf of
: The practice of smoking the dried
leaf of the plaint l.becarI- general in
Spain, and its manufacture into snuff
followed soon after. It was intro-
duced into Italy in i560., and a:outi
the same time into France. The first
to bring the seeds of the plant into.
the latter country was Jea:i Nic:.t, the
French Ambassador to Po.rtugal, in
whose- honor tobacco received. its
botanical name, nicotine, whence the
name nicotine, applied to a p.:,isous
extract from the plant. Tobacco is
said to have been first introduced into
England by Sir Walter R.aligh
From these beginnings the use of the
.weed spread over the entire eastern
continent., It did not -:co'iiie kn ro% rn
in Asia until the 17th .,entur, but
was taken up by the Oriental nations
with great eagerness, and they are
now the greatest smokers in the'
S .- . I -
Our Leaf Imports for 1888.
In another column our readers will
find the stai'tics of our importations.
of foreign leaf for the )ear iSSS, and
they may rest assured that the U. S.
Tobacco Journal is the only trade-paper
in which they will find the original
figures. According to these figures
the importations of Sumatra for the
year just closed amounted to 22,247
bales, or between 14,000 and 15,000
less than 1887 is credited with. They
are also less than the quantity import-
ed in any of the past five years. And
yet they are higher than it was sup-
posed they would become two months
ago. A glance at the tables, howev-
er, will show that fully one-half of the
amount imported came in during the
last two months of the year, and that
the importations for the single month
of December were higher than those
during the corresponding period of
the year in any one year since Suma-
tra was imported. We call attention
to this very instructive fact because it
proves two things: first, that our
importers were shy of investing too
heavily in the new Sumatra till we
had demonstrated that our market
will be very short of any kind of avail-
able wrapper leaf, and that, having
become convinced of the reliability of
our statements, they then went in
with a rush for every sprig of Suma-
tra in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, arid
Bremen, suitable for our market.
And it proves, secondly, that, no mat-
ter what the rate of duty may be, the
supply of Sumatra for the American
market will be only regulated either
by its own quality or our own de-
mands. For the importations grow
larger and larger, although the higher
rate of duty was enforced on the later
importations in a larger percentage,
and the vexations and annoyances
have become more troublesome than
ever before, thus proving unerringly
that neither the one nor the other will
act as a means of deterring the im-
portations of Sumatra when it is need-
ed in our market.
The imports of Haiaria for the past
year show 118,000ooo, bales against 115,-
o000o in 1887. But our home .dn-
suiiption is only from 60,*o.:- o to
70,000 bales; the balance is re-ex-
Our Belgian contemporary. .ie
F. ".2,:.r. is apparently envious already
of the glorious pr,,pects of our Amer-
ic:an ,_igar industry in the world's
market, if a tobacco monopoly should
be established in Germany. Reprinit-
ing our observations on the happi
effects such an event is likely to have
on the extension of ourcigar industry) ,
it ienmarks that we.seem to lose sight
of the fact that Free Trade Hollaind,
is in a much better position to becorie
th heir' of Germany in the cigar
market of the wurld than America is,
presumably, becausee "Holland is : a
free trade country and does not im.
pose any duty :on foreign leaf. Biut
Germany, being also a. protectionist
country, why has not Hollard driven
ere this the German cigars from the
world's market? ReA'pnd:, .' .'1: -,.d
Advice to Farmers to be Honest
and Careful-Not to Wet the To-
bacco-And Throw Out the Un-
For more than ten years I have urged
our tobacco growers in print and by
words to set out their tobacco early.
I have urged them to raise early stocky
plants by selecting approved seed and
clean, rich ground on which to grow
them; but this year proves conclusively
enough that all of them in this State
have not heeded the common-sense
method of raising plants. Early crops
of everything universally turn out the
best on the average. So, therefore,
the tobacco growers who neglect this
law in nature and fail to respond to it
early in the season in regard to plant-
ing their tobacco early, are the ones
who suffer most severely, and who
frequently lose largely oil their plant-
ings for the very reason that they are
neglectful in their duties and do not
raise their plants early enough, much
less do they prepare their ground in
season and set the plants thereon in
proper time. This neglect causes
much poor tobacco. Fortunately in
this section a large number of our
growers have erected good tobacco
sheds, and have also paid great atten-
tion to assorting houses and their
proper structure. With these arrange-*
ments, they are enabled to assort and
pack their crops nicely. .
It must be observed, however, un-
less tobacco is housed in good condi-
tion, and taken down from the poles
in proper condition also, that it never
can be put in an acceptable shape-at
least not what onetnight term in first-
class merchantable order.
The habit with many growers, o
putting. water onto green tobacco be-
cause it is not in pliable condition
when. it is in the stalk bank, is a per-
nicious habit, and ought not to be tol-
erated if one desires first-class tobacco.
Whether one wets it on the poles or
off the-poles, the effect on green and
uncured leaves is disastrous, for ater
streaks appear on the leaves; they are
lialle to rot and frequently do rot;
the\ are made tender by' the wrong
application of water when they are
green, and-it is very certain that large
quantities of,.tobacco 'are annually de-'
stro ed I-.\ the usc of rnwater, or even
by the use of an injudicious amount
of steam. I prefer tobacco too dry
rather than too wet. .Wet tobacco is
very, apt to be stringy. while that
whichh i, put in. a diy, *:r moderately
dry conditriu'ion, does not come out in
strirLs,. nor is it tender. No man
e'. er tnade a fortune by wetting green
tobacco, buit t ni na- be moistened in a
proper manner after it has undergone
a natural iproc'esz Of fermentation, and
.after it has dried off. It will take
wair in this condition if properly ap-
plied; but.by all means keep water off
tobacco when it'is being assorted, un-
iess the owner wants to lose m'rie'neV by
its unwarrantable uSe.
So sao the co:rrespo:undent of the
T..b'-. j.:,r'.a:, which adds: '"My
impression is that there has been more
tobacl-oi.grown in the Onondaga re-
gion t'or the year i888than during any
preceding year. The area has been
extensive and the growth was reason-
ably large last year; the crops on the
whole were pretty even except the late
ones, and they were not so bad in this
respect. The growers claim that they
have not produced in many years as
good leaf as they now have on hand.
They have applied the cotton seed
meal formula to a considerable extent,
and reports come in that the applica-
tion has accomplished good results,
producing a glossy and beautiful lustre
and rendering the tobacco more ac-
ceptable than by the use of less oily
fertilizers. In four or five weeks
more one can judge pretty correctly
in reference to the status of the crop.
It is regarded, however, from the ex-
aminations already made, to be above,
the average of the domestic 'Havana
grown here for some years past. No
sales of moment have taken place here
of the 1888 crop up to this date, nor
is the price yet established. The mar-
ket may open any time after January
15th. Old is high and scarce.
New York's Annual Output of Ci-
gars and Cigarettes Since 1881.
The output of New York's cigar in-
dustry for the year just closed, 1888,
according to our figures printed else-'
where, is 773,7.86,705, showing against
a decrease-the considerable decrease;
of 25,00,0o00 cigars as compared!
with the production in 1887, which
amounted to 798,799,834. With
the exception of one month, the de-'
crease ran through every other of the
eleven months. The proud excep-
tion marked the month of Decdmber,
which shows an increase of 3,000,-
ooo, which, we hope, may be a
good omen for a steady increase dur-
ing the new year. The reported de-
crease will surprise nobody, as the
strikes and lockouts during the first
three months of the past year could,
have no other effect but a reduction
in our output. What will, however.
be a genuine surprise, is the immense '
reduction in the production of cigar-
ettes in our city during the past year.
1888 shows an output of 591,951,,26o
cigarettes, against 635,843,460 'manu-
factured in 1887, being a decrease: of'
nearly 4 oo000,000 to be accounted
for. Our tobacco industry is the only .
one which shows an increase for the
past year, amounting to nearly a mil- '
lion and a quarter pounds.
By way of comparison we publish
also the output of cigars, cigarettes
and manufactured tobacco in this city
for each year from 1881 up to 1887. :
A glance at that table will show that
last year's production was the smallest
since iSSi; that the output during
the five years from I.'S2 to iSS6, in-
clusive, exceeded 8o,0ooo,ooo; and
that the greatest quartity of cigars
was manufactured in 1SS3, amount-
ing to over S4.3,00ooo.oo. Cornpa'ed: '
with this amount, New York's cigar
production last year was minus 50,-
The production of' cigarettes, on
the other hand, shows a steady in-."
crease from 168 up to las. year,
when it experienced a big reverse.
Nevertheless, New York is still
holding its supremacy as the unri-
valed cigar and cigarette manufactur-
ing center of the United States.
JANUARY 28, 1889.1
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
Stoci^ and Poultry.
Water, except for drinking, is not
strictly necessary fer ducks.
There is no economy in keeping
sharp-spurred roosters on the farm.
In the fall is a good time to pur-
chase a thoroughbred rooster to mate
with the common fowls.
As yet there is plenty of room to
increase the poultry business, and if
properly managed a fair profit may be
Don't overfeed one day and restrict
the supply the next. Regularity in
time and quantity when feeding save
labor and expense.
The advantage with white fowls is
that when dressed ready for market
they do not show the pin feathers
marks nearly so much as the darker
It is said that a horseshoe nailed on
the forward feet of a cow or steer will
prevent jumping fences, as the feet
cannot spread, hence the animal can-
During the winter a warm meal
made still warmer by a liberal sprink-
ling of pepper and ginger will be
found beneficial in keeping np a good
supply of eggs.
Pick geese every ten weeks, except
during the coldest weather of winter.
The feathers can be made to be a
source of considerable income with
In making the roosts take pains to
have them on a level. This will aid
materially to avoid crowding, as every)
fowl will attempt to get upon the
highest perches if they are not placed
on a level.
The Rural World believes that the
general farmer with 200 acres of land
should keep fifty sheep for utility's
sake alone. Such men can afford to
estimate the value of sheep from the
standpoint of meat, fertility, and the
general advantage to the farm, regard-
less of the market price of wool.
-The cheapest growth is made on
young animals; after the maturing
period the cost of grain increases rap-
idly. If we double the time needed
to grow a hog, about three-fourths of
Sthe food is used for maintenance,
whereas but little more than one-half
of the food need go for rnaintenarice.
By doubling the time of feeding we
halve the profit of feeding.-Amenri
' can Agnr,':li/.'st.
A 'California poultry-raiser says:
The bottoms of old wash boilers,
which are often thrown away, or sold,
for a few cents, make good feed pans,
and, -if taken care of, will last for'
years. I prefer those to wooden feed
troughs, because you can scour and
clean them thoroughly in a few min-
utes, which you cannot do with wood-
en troughs, as they get sour in a short
time and are more liable to spread
disease. For drinking vessels I would
take the bottom of an old tea-kettle.
I cover this up after the water is put
in, only leaving a few small spaces for
the chicks to put their heads through;
thereby the water will keep clean and
cool. I have managed in this way
for years with many chicks, and have
not lost one by disease.
Dry Food for Fowls.
In cold weather, especially, the feed
of fowls should be dry. Whole or
cracked grain is better than fine meal.
It is better to give the gizzard some-
thing to do; rather than have it relax
from inaction. Give fowls access to
clean water at all times, and they will
drink all they need, but do not com-
pel them to take water in order to get
their necessary food.
Turkeys for Breeders.
The bulk of every year's crop of
turkeys is marketed during the holi-
day season. The temptation is strong
to sell the largest and best, saving
those only partly grown, and which
will make considerable growth during
the winter if fed well. Possibly this
increase in size will be enough to pay
for wintering, but it will usually prove
a mistake to save these small, imma-
ture turkeys as breeders. They will
never attain the size they would with
fair treatment, making their growth in
warm weather, when bugs and grass-
hoppers are plentiful. If the flock of
turkeys begins to deteriorate in size it
soon runs out. Securing a male of
different stock is a good plan, and he
is all the better if two years old or
more. Young turkeys lay more eggs
than old ones; but the young chicks
are not so hardy and strong.
This country will some lime supply
the world with sheep and other stock
for breeding purposes, for the fact
that here will be raised the best stock
in the world will be universally recog-
nized. As.a general thing our stock
breeding is regulated by a high degree
of intelligence, so far as improved
stock is bred. The imperfections of
our breeding systems have been grad-
ually disappearing, and will ultimately
entirely disappear. Fierce competi-
tion between breeds makes it abso-
lutely necessary that we should pro-
duce as nearly a perfect animal as can
be produced, if we expect our breed
to hold their own.- Our progress has
been so great and our achievements so
magnificent that there are some among
our breeders who think that perfection
has been reached. This is a serious
error, which none but the thoughtless
will be guilty of. There is room for
improvement, and American growers
will recognize the fact and make the
improvement.- Western Rural.
Experience, I think, says a corre-
spondent of the New York Tribune,
will prove that, while "a good horse
may be of any color," gray horses are
strongest, healthiest, handiest, and
'most valuable. The crack regiment
of the British army has always been
one of cavalry, consisting of gray
horses only. This regiment of Scot
Grays made a charge at the battle of
Waterloo, which decided the fate of
the Great Napoleon, as the unfortu-
nate Emperor afterward declared.
The French stage horses are nearly all
gray. This is the prevailing color of
the horses of La Perche in that coun-
try, known as Percherons; also, of the
gigantic horses of Normandy, which
formed the cavalry of William the
Norman, who subdued England 900
years ago by the aid of these stout
horses. Gray horses are rarely un-
sound in feet or joints. The omnibus
(or stage) horses of Paris are mostly of
this color, and endure the constant
travel over the stone paved streets of
that city for an average period of nine
years. There is an old adage that
"the gray mare is the better horse,"
and although this has been distorted
in its meaning into an insinuation
that the woman overpowers the man
and makes him her slave, this is only
a modern misuse of the proverb,
which is, like most of such popular
sayings, the result of common experi-
In order to keep setti-ng hens from
being infested with these miserable
little insects, they should have sulphur
in their food about twice a week
while setting; one table spoon of sul-
phur to cne quart of grist, meal or
other food with which it can be
When a fowl house becomes infest-
ed with them, it is a good plan to
spray it, with a solution of carbolic
acid. Say one ounce to a quart of
Whenever fowls become infected
with them, by sousing them in the so-
lution it % ill destroy the lice. It is
also a good plan to wet the hands with
it and run the little chicks through
them. The remedy is effectual.
Pills made out of the ordinary soap
used, and of lard, black pepper and
charcoal, are :good remedies for
drooping poultry. It is also well to
occasionally.put a little cooking soda
and asafoetada in the water. A little
lime is also good, and so is tar.
How small a portion of our life it is
that we really enjoy.. In youth we
are looking forward to things that are
to come; in old age we are looking
backward to things that are gone past;
in manhood, although we appear to
be more occupied in things that are
present, yet even that is too often ab-
sorbed in vague determination to be.
vastly happy on some .future day
when we have time.
The Bureau of Illustration of the
DISPATCH office can execute very neat
Use Horsford's Acid Phosphate.
Dr. J. R. FORTSoN, Klowa, Ind. Ter., says:
'I have tried it for constipation, with suc-
cess, and think it worthy a thorough trial by
FOR SALE CHEAP.
Four Second Hand Automatic Orange
Bought from Mr. Hvatt present season at $40
each. Will sell at $15 each if applied for at
once. F. G. SAMPSON.
BLAKE & RIPLEY,
57 Chatham Street, Boston.
Agent Florida Fruit Exchange.
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished
dr u UEIM*'" 1IWIV For the Largest
GIVEN AWAYIspaih Kink On-
ions grown from seed procured
From us. Full particulars free. Ad-
dress THE HOUSEKEEPER, MInneapolls, Minn.
IF YOU HAVE
SICK HEADACHE, DUMB AGUE, COS-
TIVE BOWELS, SOUR STOMACH and
BELCHING ; f your food does not as-
similase and you have no appellile,
will cure these troubles. Try them;
you have nothing to lose, but will gain
a vigorous body. Price, 25c. per box.
DONN PIATT, Editor.
For the season of 1899, BELFORD'S MAGA-
ZINE wlil continue to deal with the political
and economic" qu-stion of the day in-the same
masterly and trenchant manner as hereto-
foro. In thif work the brilliant Donn Platt
and hl staff of sub-editors will be aided by
the contributions of su< h authorities on these
subjects as Hon. R. Q. Mills,. Prof. Pumrn-r,
John L. Carlisle, David A Q.. Will, J S.
Moore and oti.ers Added to lIR..-e nthLhrs.
in the ensuing year several well-kno n
Sonthe n writers will enricli [le pages of
BELFORD'S by essays, sh brt loriei and
serials, one of which is published complete In
What the Press has to say of Belford's
"BELyFORD'S Al..l Z i/NE 1S good cnOUgh to[0
make thenewb magazine a firmhlrible rival
of the older moranllen Tue ltlion oI t[he
number loucbes he high-water markof ex-
|ellnr>:e."-.v.. 0 P' 4.a, -
'Mc-st tint-re.ling. The complete siory is
worm t wo t lue us:o[ o, the magazine. The
Ile-.veof reeentD llralure hylhe edilorsare
I r-c, ciear, an I excclle, 't.'-i/acujO Intlr-
FOR SALE RY ALL BOOK AND
Subscription price, $2.50 a year. 25 cents a
Number. SUB'sCRIBK NOW
BELFORD, CLARKE & CO., Publishers,
Cuicago, New York, San Franclsco.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
[JANUARY 28, 1889.
This being the season when eggs
are scarce and high it is very desirable
to know how to make good things
without them. We know of a lady
who made her supply of Christmas
cakes with only three eggs, and she
gives us the following recipes which
she used for them:
Two cups of sugar, 2 tablespoonfuls
butter, ir cups of sweet milk (or
water, with 2 teaspoonfuls of con-
densed milk), 3 cups of flour and 2
eggs, i teaspoonful of soda and the
juice of i lemon. This makes enough
for two large cakes, baked in jelly.
cake pans. In the case referred to, the
lady made one, a lemon cake, by using
juice and rind of i lemon, 4 tea cup
of sugar, 2 tablespoonfuls corn starch
and I tea cup boiling water, spread
between the layers. For chocolate
cake use i egg, 2 squares chocolate,
* cup sugar, I tablespoonful corn
starch and I cup hot water; spread
same as the lemon paste. In addition
she made eggless cookies as follows:
2 cups of sugar, I of lard, I of sweet
milk, I teaspoonful of soda to i lemon.
These cookies are excellent, and prove
that one need not depend on eggs to
make good cakes. We would recom-
mend the use of lemon juice and soda,
as a substitute for yeast powder, in
every case, when lemons are obtaina-
ble. It is far more palatable as well
as more wholesome than any of the
cheap baking powders, and is equally
as efficacious in producing a delight-
fully light and delicate result.
Di:r inr. ,.:., r,. n.. t-".I .~'i..:- [- i -i, 'State what
.'f [.:, .a b -.. rlLi. r il'. .
Would like to exchange Plymouth Rock
poultry for oranges. One chicken for each
100 oranges. J. J. MERRITT, Al acclenny, Fla-
WILL EXCHANGE-Seed of dwarf Poin-
ciana (P, Pulchermina) at 23c. per dozen, or 1
year old plants at 25c each, or Cassava Cane
at 3c. per foot, or seed at 10c. per dozen, or
Bermuda Arrowroot at 18c. per pound All
by mail, post paid, for nam d var. of roses
adapted to Florida, or well rooted plants
of Tricbelo'i.rvri-:..p-rrniiJ Jasminoides or
C'strum Ne-turniurm. H. G. BRENET, Alva.
EXCHANGE--Lofa seeds for Peach, Boses
Japan Plums or Persimmons. W.B. GRANT,
San Pablo, Duval Co., Fla.
W ILL EX': u.AN'E fh.-e- ar-...i I Iee.-J I
orange 'rle., ...r W -nn isl -it awt..-rr3s planul n ,r
Sp.nishl r-..un t6 sniLr le i.:.r ,-l. \'. -..
THOMPSON, Fort Meade, Fla.
colilumn i, ':,r:D- ,.ein a =,:.r ,i
-'.v r l '. tj inu.,i r h . ,:i:. 3 'ur0 P tI .rT. .J
"' ,,u'iu [ eti'ri "-rl'd, iJ,:IIIIIE~b' Ddlin ,i r lJ.. : hii .
Florida Butter Bea'-, In- W') Oi': for
twelve cents by maI U. H. B ijnr rL. Ox;
We respIctfully call tibe aticntirin:'t'theset-
lers and .:.ran[. 3ro'Ters o'f Finj l, 0 our a-i.
rerl-is-n'i -n u,_ b 4-1h.,r eolu n, .1. W. &]'.
D. W AirE. B.lit' iew, M.,r in '.i Fi.a.
FOR S"ALE-In o'rana., county, on Like
Myrti', two mles from Ljngw..:.1. on Sout
Flor:da railroad, one frot i.,!,I Ethel, onr
"0. ,lg.- Bel' 1tal roa.,lrr.' ir.rn, Palhn Sprinrgs,
r isiang if Florida Midland anLd .r.art,ne Bein.
Stores. eh bur,-he,, i.hoc'l and pO-.osrlee at acuh
place. Teti acres flrsi-cla,-t hilb p.ne lanid,
ioluding 130 orange trees, 71. ale'I. years old,
remainder of bearing age. Trees have ca-
pacity to produce 150 000 oranges, and should
increase each year. Price, $2.600 cash. Rea-
son for selling--have two other groves. HAN-
NAH M. HUNT, 143 N. Penn street, Indianapo-
FOR SALE CHEAP--An Incubator, nearly
new nd in perfect running order. A. J.
BRowN, Jacksonville, Fla.
CASAVA SEED--3 cents per foot for one
hundred feet or over; 4 cents for smaller
quantities. A. J. BROWN, Jacksonville, Fla.
Cassava Cane 2c. per foot, $1.25 per 100 feet.
Seed 10c. per dozen. Arrowroot seed 10c. per
pound, $6.00 per 100 pounds. Poinciana Pul-
cherrina seed 25c. per dozen. Plants 25c.
each. H. G. BURNET, Alva, Fla.
WANTED-To sell 80 acres high pine land,
20 acres been cle-red. some fruit, nice branch.
Also two forties, 2 acres cleared, well fenced
on each, few fruit trees. All % to 1o miles
from postoffice; school, church and railroad
nowbe'ng built. NAHUM ORCUTT, Moultrie,
A recipe for making Orange Jelly without
lemons or gelatine. can be procured by en-
closing 25c. to HELEN, Chuluota, Fla.
Langshan Cockerels, Croad and Sargent
Strans for sale. Will exchange for Plymouth
Rocks or Houdans or eggs. H. L. CABLE,
Drayton Island, Fla.
Two year Kelsey Japan plums, four to eight
feet, $20 rer 100; Japan persimmon", three to
five feet, $25 per 10. CHAS. KERR, ATcher,
Satsuma or Flood lum, (Luther Burbank's
importation) dormant buds on Marian, a
Plum stock. Warranted to grow; 40c.; $85
per 100. CHAS. KERR, Archer, Fl".
WANTED-A catalogue from every nurspry-
man in Florida. also grafts for root grafting
of all kinds of citrus iruit, especially grape-
fruit (Pomelo) and tangerine; also Intorma-
tion respecting the "Satsuma" orange. Cor-
respondence solicited. JAPANES a InMRORT-
ING Co., 12) Sutter Street, San Francisco. Cal.
Please address H. E Amoore, Woodland,
Cal. We introduced the "Oonshiu" or "Sat-
suma" in o California, and have imported
100,000 during the past 4 years. Can send
sample trees by p-ist securely packed in tube.
Very thrifty Indian river three year old
orange trees (4 to 1% inches) at 15 cents each,
or $10.00 perhundred. F. E. WELLS, Bartow,
2,000 ORANGE TREES-1 to y1, inch stocks,
1, 2 and 8 vear old buds. Will sell cheap for
cash, or will trade for almost anything. A.
F. LANE, Huntington.
Excellent trade these holiday occasions re-
quire increased supply of finest grade of or-
anges. Our capacity is not thus far taxed
heavily to dispose of shipments at remunera-
tive prices. .BARNETT BROS., Chicago.
All orange shippers are invited to corre-
spond direct with us as to prospects and
prices. References on file with the editor.
BARNETT BRos., Chicago.
One Dollar for 12 Plymouth Rock eggs for
hatch ng. A. F. STYLES, Philips, Fla.
Three thousand budded orange trees for
half their value. A. F. STYLES, Philips, Fla.
We want every one to know we can handle
car lots of choice oraneeg at full prices.
Chicago is the great centre for the Northwest
and we can get all there is in the stock.
Write us about the markets. See advertise-
ment., BARNETT BROS.
Orange Buds $5 per thousand. Riverside,
Washington, Navel, $10. A few thousand fine
Newnan Strawbarry plants. W. H. MANN,
A gentenm.in of means with 10 years ex-
p-rlencp In ti- dry goods and grocery bisl-
DE6.s *is-; r-sa r.o,;ton with a view of taking
an int,'rit. B sI of references given. Ad-
dreep Pox',7. Lonx-wood, Florida.
Yuim-Yux. Bore fullcrop. Othei, tfailfe
Brown T eghorn Cockrels for sale. GEo
For cheau Irrigation tanks apple it, s. h.
ESTEP, Lady Lake, Fla.
YuM-YuM. "Very fine. Will bring aubcJ
price. Pancoast & GrItlths." Sold by Cheio.'
ee Farm and Nurseries, Waycross, Ga.
BDS oFr NfMAkOOI PEACH furnished at $10
pt r 1..i: it; 6,"i' a i I,i.."i rates, or $1.50 per 100 P
MiNNNisi. Waldo. Fla
-PlymouthRock poultry for saie very cheap
POSTMASTER, Macclenny. Fla.
WANTED-An active business youngJman
to represent a tinware house in Jacksonville
on coninisdion Mu-st be a relident. Ad-
di,.6i P.O. Box i], Baltimore. MNl.
I will ex..-bane,smail yellowa'.ir tt v Guavas,
Baris >'bo:.e Bananus, or a ,lquanity O( Poul-
try lir i ture tor LeCc.,rto e Pena, P.:,..i t trees,
RowI's or urther o'nanprirtail Qrruti.. A E.
B0OELOW, Lae Maty, -iraae,' C(ODnt.V, Fl..
Address the ARCADIA NURIasRiaF5 r ,.s .-
t[let-l. -la or a c,-Tolrd ilt .:.-ar .ph aid .ie-.
scri ,''.n :.n f the liner' Po ti.giranltI known,
'The N,.w Purplc ceede.]."
-*To ELL--Me-Cartney He-de RfI.e PlitS
and n CurlIiae. Also frsl raDt Ent-bll. \'It i>:t1..
M.O' NEILtf. Falirbankr, Fla -
Fu-r. iDA BuITER RrPAN-.-ir you W\rnt n
-n..J uire Try l[ eti- 1wo tilo .' by m11,iI.
prepa.id, 12. ts. 0. H. tUaR'iLL, C'.- iord,
FOR SALE.-Jripan 'Persimmons over
three iret,. ]Ii for 81 50; 100 for $1.5. PN.nn.,
l ip'-eparEr ..r b ll. itiwo to four feet,'D 1 or l'; I,,'
Ior 47; four to li ti i-eet, l l for fl.",; hi," iorl10.
fRsAS" HILL NiRSERIY, Mo0L0cJllo, Fia.
Orange Commission Houses.
The DISPATCH takes pleasure in recom-
mending to the various growers throughout
Florida the following Commission Houses, in
connection with the other reliable and
staunch firms who are to be found in the ad-
vertising Icolumns of the DISPATCH. The
FLORIDA DISPATCH prides itself on recom-
mending only first-class firms to its readers
Read it over and make your selection.
B BROOKE NYCE & CO.,
PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
104 South Street - Baltimore.
Correspondence Solicited. Liberal
Reference: First National Bank of Baltimore.
P M. KIELY & CO.,
S COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
914 N 8d street, St. L1ouls:
WILL SELL YOUR ORANGES AT BEST
MARKET PRICES ANDi REPORT
Reference: Any bank or wholesale house
in the city, or Commeridal Agencies.
Our new psmphle.t of 100 pages, "Southern
Fruits and Vegetables for Northern Markets,
What to Grow. How to Ship and Pack, etc ,"
free to all applicants enclosing three cents in
stamps to prepay postage.
D AVIDSON & DEVOTO,
FLORIDA ORANGES .OUR SPECIALTY.
20 west Front St., Cincinnati, 0.
BRiE} ENCES: E. W. Green, Ocala, Fla.;
quils ble National Bank, Cincinnati, 0.
ENRY B. REA;
Produce, Fruits and Vegetables,
.688 Liberty St, Pitt'burg, Pa.
FLORIDA ORANGES A SPECIALTY,
Prompt returns guaranteed.
REFERENCES: Hon.Wm. McCallum, Mayor
of Pittsburg; Jno. B. Larkin, Postmaster; A.
A McCandles, Sheriff of Allegheny Co., Pa ;
Bradstreet's and Dun's Mercantile Agencies.
H ARRIS, CALDWELL & CO.,
Importers, Commission Merchants
And Wholesale Dealers in
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC FKUITS.
FANCY GROCERIES, ETC.
FLORIDA ORANGES A SPECIALTY,
No. 1 Faneuil Hall square, and No. 82Mer-
chants Row, Boston Mass.
Bananas a Specialty.
REFERENCES: Faneuil Hall Nat. Bank and
any prominent fruit dealer or commission
house in this city; Curlts & Co. Lunson,
Aldsden & Co.; Sands, Gardner & do.
J PRENTISS& CO.,
Wholesale Grocers and
F ".it -:- COMMISSION -:- MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA ORANGES A SPECIALTY.
Nos. 98 West Market and 157 Michigan, Sts.,
BUFFALO, N. Y.
j COMMISSION MERCHANT,
S 56 Prospect St., Cleaveland, 0.
SPECIALTIES: The most perishable kinds
of Garden Produce, such as Berries, Currants,
Cherries, Peaches, Plums, Grapes, Oranges,
Hr rnMrNCES O.:i mm Anmere -in Bank,
Cl>'-.:Iani.. Ohio; PrSdJdr 't rile Itleveland
Bo, rd .:.f Ti d.: ine Ietci 'rTllie A :en, e ;
M1 tv iH. '-i.ntot.., FIa.; T F. Hug-i .,, -an-
fiO.i'. Fl ',; ait I [1= [lide ; .er -lly."
W NV. BENJAMIN,
Wholesale Commission Met chant,
AND DEALER IN
FRUIT: A ND VLE.i AE.[ -L OF ALL KINDS
14 Mer,.auv'ii 't Mefcntlle Vegetable
Mlarsel. B':i, TON.
nE -FRFN, ..: Faretlil Hall Nat'l Bank,
Brn. Inn: f.r .'t W. rt ltJrv.u I. -'.range City,.
Fia: N'. B i.'ietncnm. I-ruLlila d. Fla.; J3. W.
so., Crescent City, Fla.
1i Send to the Dispatch for your
printing. All kinds at bottom prices-
and in the latest designs. '
Fancy Pineapple Slips
CAVENDISHii BANANA ROOTS
Write for prices to
JOHN B. BEACH.
Indian River Nurseries
Melbourne, f la
o The BUYERS' GUIDE is
issued March and Sept.,
each year. It is an ency-
clopedia of useful infor-
mation for all who pur-
chase the luxuries or the
necessities of life. We -
can clothe you and furnish you with
all the. necessary and unnecessary
appliances to ride, walk, dance, sleep,
eat, fish, hunt, work, go to church,
or stay at home, and in various sizes,
styles and quantities. Just figure out
what is required to do all these things
COMFORTABLY, and you can make fair
estimate of the value'of the BUYERS'
GUIDE, which will be sent upon
receipt of 10 cents to pay postage,
MONTGOMERY WARD & CO,
111-114 Michigan Avenue, Chicago IF
Peerless Cotton, makes 3 bales per acre, 810
per ou-nE1.il per pouud by mail.
Tritl's Improved Proliilc Cotton, K250 per
COrA'fordJ-, Peterklus, Jonu:-, aud Georgia
Mammotb Prolific, il.5t. per "ushel; 3 pounds
it by miall.
6'. Day Oats- -Toe Bur," Si.F.') per bushel.
Spanisul Peanuti-, i 0i per buabel; 200. per
pound by mall
Chufai, 21-. pound; ,c. per pound by matl.
i, Illo Maize, Kafdir Corn and Caitail Mililet,
'2.,i,. per poun., ; .i r.y mall
Gre.n and Uold. Semlnole and Jones' Jum-
boS ocet of1 all Watermelons. I-t. porounce;
f2.a per pound
RIo Grande Cantllopte,best ofali for market,
2"Sc. tounce; *2.50 per pound.
Lucerne or Anialfa, $2..li per package.
Bermuda Orasa Seeds, 81 75 per pound.
Johnson Grass 9eeds. $1 ist per busbel.
All other seeds for sale by
MARK W. JOHNSON SEED CO.,
48 douth Broad St., Ailanta, .G. .
VILLA SITES, FRUIT
A. J. ADAM S,
Notary Public and Justice of'the Peace.
Has for sale one thousand acres of choice
land on Manatee river, in sight of Manatee,
Braldentown, Ellenton and Palmetto, and is.
manufacturerN' agent for Wire Fencing,
Poultry Netting. Lime, Cement Fertilizers
and Plantation Supplies, Cracked Corn and
Rice, Granulated Lime, Rock and Shell. Cat-
I le and Poultry Feed ground to order in steam
mill on premises,
Has also breeding kennels of arceimated
Laverack and Irish Setters, Irish Bull Ter-
riers, slow-trail Bloodhounds and Colorado
Catch or Tiger Dogs (for wild hogs, bear 'anti
OUR POULTRY YARDS
are well-stocked withfreshly Imported male
birds which are mated with carefully se-
lected hens of our own raising, each variety
being allotted to separated enclosures in a
lorty-acre orange grove. Eggs carefully
packed in baskets at following prices:
White Leghorns (Knanp's, Pit Games
(Heathwoods), Plymouth Rocks (Hawkins),
Game Bantams (Shouldings), Light Brahmas
(William;) Rouen and Muscov3 Ducks, $1.00
per thirte mn.
Clai I orne and Cuban Games Sliver Bearded
and Crested Polish, W F. Black Spanish,
BuffCochins Golden Laced Seabrlghts, and
Imperial' White Pekin Ducks, $1.50 per
White Crested Black Polands, Houdans,
Wyandottes (Prestons), Lnngshans (Crouds),
Boney's Brown Leghorns, $2,00 per thirteen.
Bronze gud Seminole Turkeys, $3.00 per
Booted White Cuban Carrier Pigeons, $1.80
JANUARY 2b, 1889.]
THE FLORIDA DISPATUXR
WM'ag cu rlleZ our State. We -should manufacture
1 wa.Lr -actuieS. all staple goods made for our own
consumption, and enter the field as
MANUFACTURES. competitors for Western trade. There
Reasons Why Georgia Should En- is no State better adapted to manu-
courage Them. facturing purposes than Georgia, and
[Atlanta Constitution ] none better situated geographically
The following are the remarks of to control Western trade, had we the
Senator J. M. Arnow, February 7, men and money to go into it as New
Senator J. Arnow, February England does.
1875, on the bill to repeal the act to
encourage the manufacture of cotton To repeal the law is to go backward,
and woolen fabrics: when we need capital and skilled
years sincelabor to make us rich and powerful as
MR. PRESIDENT: A fewyears since, we ought to be. New and Old En-
Georgia inaugurated a policy to en- gland buy our cotton and sell us back
courage manufacturing in our State by cotton cloth at enormous profits.
exempting the capital invested for They are still reaping what we sow,
such purposes from taxation for ten and will continue to do so as long as
years, and now it is proposed, by this our suicidal, narrow, and picayunish
bill, to repeal the law, change our pol- policy prevails-as long as we step
icy and tax such enterprises from the over gold coins to pick up pewter
foundation. I am opposed to a nickles. English economists say that
change, and this "penny wise and her cotton factories, before she opened
found foolish" policy, if persisted in, up India, led her to a great state of'
will lead to poverty and ruin. The AGRICULTURAL PROSPERITY; and it
very contemplation of it in the light has done the same thing in New
of history is almost enough to chill England, and so they would if you
the blood in the veins' of the true pa- continue to encourage them here.
triot who desires to see his State move The London Times said, in 186o,
with the moving world, keep pace that the cotton manufactures were be-
with the spirit of the age, and go on coming the greatest power in England
and develop and prosper. When we -and perhaps in the world. It raised
go to Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Liverpool from an obscure fishing
and other States that have grown rich village to one of the proud cities of
on the products of our soil, and see the world, and prosperity had followed
them rolling in luxury while we are, rapidly in all countries where cotton I
comparatively, pining in poverty, iis has been manufactured to a great
time to think of changing a policy extent. If we will do our duty to out
that has enriched and strengthened State, already great in many things,
them who ruined.us. We should take in the proper encouragement of the
broad and liberal views and learn wis- use of the "spinningjenny," the value
dom from the experience of the past of pur lands will advance and a high
as well as the perplexities of the pres- state of culture, refinement and wealth
ent position of our State financially, will result. Southern cotton enabled
As far back as 1858, the English England to move her fleets and arm-
economists admitted that Southern ies, and aided greatly to support her
cotton fed 5,000,000 souls out of the in her great continental war.
uses she made of it. It has been pub- *
listed to the world that Massachu- We should invest thousands to
petts alone pays. out $113,000,000 finally reap millions. Would to heav- s
annually to her employes at her vari- en that men of recognized ability who t
ous factories, and rolls up a profit of are now plotting to be Governor or to t
$io.s,goo.c.o.: per annum. Georgia, go to Congress, would give more at-
raising at least one-sixth of the: cotton tention to the great questions of inter-
raised in this country, has .about nal improvements and advancement.
twenty-one factories, while the little Then we would soon see a better state:
State of Rhode Island has over one of affairs financially and politically in
hundred and twenty-six, running over our State. t
one million spindles. Out of seven i
hundred and forty-nine manufacturing Manufacturing leads to wealth, c
establishments in the United States, power and influence at home and h
the South has only eighty-three, and abroad, and it should be rncc.ur.iged
yet men are afraid that if we encour- .by every means in our power t
age the manufacture of cotton, bya -
tax exemption, as the law now stands [We have just received the follow-
and should always stand, we will be ing letter from the Comptroller Gen- r
ruined, nothing could be more pre- eral of Georgia.]
postercus. The three States of Mas- ATLANTA, January 16, 1889.
sachusetts, Rhode Island and Connec- Hon. J. Mf Arnow, facksonville, Fla., i:
ticut together have three hundred aind DEAR SIR:-I am in' receipt of t
'fifty-seven cotton factories. The sim- yours of the i4thl inst. asking if the a
ple truth is that. unless we encourage act of 1872 exempting capital invested t
immigration and manufacturing liber- in the manufacture of cotton in this p
ally, we will always remain the .finan- State for ten years from taxation stim- e
cial vassals of New England. Georgia ulated-the investment of capital in C
also pays millions as a tribute to their such enterprises, and if so to what m
skill, annull.v, for fabrics made out extent? I am not prepared to say si
of onr cotton, when marny of their that it resulted in inducing the invest- p
capitalists state that we can manufact- meant of as much money as was expect- a:
ure cheaper here where cotton is ed, but T Inow that :nearly two mil- ti
raised than they can there. Our lions of dollars were put into cotton p
climate is favorable and our water nills just after the passage of the act a
power is superb. They say that no referred to.: At the time this law was
mills in the world, all things consid- passed cotton manufacturing at the tl
tred; are doing better than those in South was somewhat of an expeii- b
ment, and therefore capital was timid
and slow to seek such investments.
At this period a law of this kind would
result differently now that such enter-
prises are safe and profitable.
Hope you will continue to succeed
in your new field.
WM. A. WRIGHT.
REMARKS.-The arguments used in
the above apply to Florida with as
much force as to Georgia in all respects
except that she has the water power,
but we have cheap fuel. Under the
new constitution of Georgia an inhibi-
tion has been placed in the Legisla-
ture, and it cannot now make such
exemptions; but the law gave Georgia
a big boom in manufacturing, and she
has been booming ever since. But
for its repeal in 1887, and the consti-
tutional obstruction, Georgia would
to-day have ten spindles where she
has' one now, Her constitution, like
Florida's, is in the way of modern
progress, and it is to be hofed that the
constitution of Florida may be so. changed,
as soon as possible, as to enable her to
exempt capital invested in manufactur-
ing from taxation for ten years. Flor-
ida would indeed boom then, and
eap on the road to real, substantial
and lasting prosperity. Then our
home markets for our fruits and vege-
ables would increase a hundred,
fold in a few years.
'A Sample of Western Energy"--
Let Us Do Likewise.
We are always glad when the Man-
ufacturers' Record pays us a weekly
visit, for it always deposits a gift before
t leaves. Every live man in Florida
should read and ponder the following,
aken from its columns, which is in
he line of the above speech delivered
)ver ten years ago.
"The people of the West appreci-
Lte the value of manufactures, proba-
)ly more even than the majority of
he inhabitants in the most progressive
ndusirial cities of the South. Three
;ities, Cheyenne, Denver and Omlaha, I
lave been competing to .secure the
oc'ation of immense car and locomo- t
ive works, to cost several milln:.n 1
dollars and to employ about 2,500 t
iands, which the Union Pacific Rail- I
oad will build. The rivalry was .
.ery sharp, and even the Congress- 1
aen from these, cities were pressed
nto service and induced to bring all.
heir influence to bear upon the man-
gers of the road. Cheyenne secures f
he shops, but the terms are not made
public. Denver was so much in a
earnest that at a special meeting of the
chamber of Conmmerce a committee
ras appointed to offer to build the
hops and turn them over to the com- i
any free, add a bonus of $1,0oo00,coo000 a
nd permanent exemption from taxa-
on. These people realize the im-
ortance of manufactures, and they t
re full of enterprise. M
/"The South can learn a lesson from (]
ie energy and liberal spirit displayed o:
v these cities in securing manulac- ('1
turning industries, for there are many
point in the South where the people
have not fully waked up yet. They
do not see that it is this spirit of en-
terprise which prompted Denver to
make such tremendous efforts to
secure this great plant that has built
up that wonderfully rich and progress-
ive city. Anniston's offer to the
United States Rolling Stock Company
to secure the location of their car
works, which, when fully completed,
will employ .1,2oo to 1,500 hands, is
the largest that we have known any
Southern city to make, though possi-
bly others may have done as well
without its being made public. An-
niston people thought for a while that
they had offered too much and been
too liberal, but they never made a wiser
step, and they realize it more now,
than when they raised between $300,-
ooo and $4oo00,00ooo for this big enter-
prise. It is enterprise such as Den-
ver and Cheyenne displayed which is
going to tell in the future develop-
ment of Southern cities."
The two chambers of the Legisla-
ture at Cape Town, Africa, adopted a
resolution in July last to encourage
the woolen trade by offering an annu-
al prize of ;5000, granted for three
years to the first Colonial manufac-
tory which shall produce goods from
the native wool to the amount of at
least.375,ooo francs. A factory is to
be started to take advantage of the
Wealth of the Vanderbilts.
"The combined Vanderbilt wealth
amounts to$274,ooo, ooo, and the es-
timated income from it per annum is
$13,864,400. No other single family
in the world is so rich. If kept in-
tact the total fortune will at the end
of twenty-five years almost reach $r,-
000,000,000, and this result will be
attained by the simple arithmetical
progression of compound interest.
The rapid increase of the Vanderbilt
millions clearly shows how mohey be-
Upo'n rhe principle that "'money be-
gets money," we predict that our
States will make more rapid strides in
:he next decade than in the last, and
t will continue to be so on and
through future time, for our resources
have hardly been touched. Millions
ipon millions of capital could be used
n various ways in our development.
Navy Drill. -
It would be an excellent idea for
'ur young men on the sea-board to
orin conipanies and- practice in the
avy drill, which is quite as important
s the army-drill.
While it is to be hoped that peace.
ith its great blessings may, always
exist in this country, there is no tell-
ig what foreign complications may
rise in the future.
JOAN A. PIZZINI. Editor an I Publihsborof
,- C i' r'i or, r'ihb r ,nd, \ a ., days'
a'-lnr tri-d iiailer.hierer's AntldOLe for
aiarii,. we do not bh:sltart to say, from per-
inai -x\Frice[.ce, that In our rnsv It acted
ke a charm, and did all tie doctor claims
r It, anJd %wv:, would asiuro'di have- recourse
i 1 lan It' exposed to Malaria. Sold by
THE PLORIDA DISPATCH
[JAi~unA 28, 1889.
BY W. C. STEELE.
P. 0. Address Switzerland, Fla.
By mistake in making up the pages
of the DISPATCH of January 14, oui
editorial on "The Mistletoe," whicl:
should have been in our department
on page 35, was placed on page 33
without credit- In our department o0
same paper, in article on Beautiful
Shade Tree, a typographical error ren-
ders the name unintelligable. The
name is Schinus molle.
Carnations and Pansies.
We received a letter the other day
asking how we succeed with .Carna-
tion Pinks and Pansies.
We have not grown the latter at all,
but have seen as fine Pansies in Flori-
da as at the North, in every respect,
except size. We have seen larger
ones at the North, but they do not
average any larger. To succeed with
Pansies the seed should be planted
not later than November, in a moist
place; and carefully shaded from the
When large enough to transplant
the plants may be moved to their per-
manent home. They should' be
mulched, and must be shaded. The
Pansy bed should be made very rich;
leaf mould is one of the best fertilizers.
We have seen some very good car-
nations grown as house plants in this
State. We tried them last spring in
the open ground on the north side of
our house, but the result was total
If any one has succeeded in flower-
ing them in the open ground in Flori-
da, we should be very glad to receive
a report of their experiment.
One Woman's Pluck.
We .have several times published
clippings recommending various
branches of Horticiulture, or rather
Floriculture, as a means by which
women might earn a livelihood. Be-
low will be found another in the same
line. "Sister Gracious" writes to the
American Garden as follows:
"Mary C. was a poor sewing girl,
working for a dollar a day, and just
able to keep her invalid mother and
little brother from want. But the long
hours with the needle were not good
for her, and she sadly looked forward
to the time when she would have to
give up sewing, and then-what?
One lady where she sewed had a
large garden, and one fall Mary, see-
ing many lovely plants going to seed,
asked if she might gather them. The.
lady said: "Take all you wish; I 'buy
new every spring." So Mary devoted
a day to gathering them. The fresh
air and :exercise were so grateful and
the occupation so delightful, that she
made a .resolve to make agriculture
her business, and to be determined to
succeed. She exchanged with others,
and sold some to the neighbors. She
made enough to subscribe for The
American Garden, and the more she
read it the more determined she was
to devote herself to raising fruits and
flowers. She also put her own yard
in order, and the next year had a
garden, gathering quantities of seeds
in the fall, selling and exchanging,
also reading agricultural papers-all
she could lay hands on. A year ago
she hired a small house with two acres
attached and moved in. It was a
tight squeeze to get through this first
year, but this fall she finds herself
with plenty of potatoes and other
vegetables to go through this winter,
a few hens, sound health, and a very
firm determination to succeed. I
wish more poor girls, sewing their
lives away, would take the raising of
small fruits and flowers for a business,
and see if it would not pay in better
health, more money and happiness."
The following from Viek's Magazine
will doubtless be interesting and per-
haps valuable to some of our readers,
especially if they have any plants of
the variegated form of Yucca aloifolia,
"These' plants are so extremely
useful in a small state for various pur-
poses, that it is often desired to prop-
agate them rather largely, and in the
case of many of them the large under-
ground roots,or dormant buds, gener-
ally known as eyes, afford a ready
'means for their increase. Where any
are being transplanted it is often pos-
sible to take off a few of these stout,
fleshy roots which, if laid into boxes
or pans of sandy soil and protected by
a frame, will, in the spring, push up
a small crown of leaves. In the case
of plants in pots, these dormant eyes
will generally make their way to the
side; when, if the ball of earth is
turned out of the pot, it will, in most
cases, be possible to remove them by
means of a sharp knife without injur-
ing the plant that they are taken away
from in any way. The beautifully
variegated forms of Yucca aloifolia
and Y. filamentosa are both propa-
gated in this manner, and in the case
of Y. aloifolia, which is somewhat lia-
ble to run up with a naked stem,, it
may be cut up into lengths of six
inches or thereabouts, and laid in
sandy soil in a gentle heat, when
young plants will make their appear-
ance from various parts of the buried
stem, and when large enough they
may be taken off and, potted."
) a 4
A Cheap Heater for Small Con-
This is a subject which will interest
many of our readers. The following
description was furnished to the
American Garden by a correspond ent
There are inmprot ed boilers, corru-
gated fire box boilers, ventilating ap-
paratus, base burning water heaters
and what not advertised in the. back
of our American .Garden. The very
picture of the enormous iron monsters,
with their many valves and doors.
strikes terror to a timid soul, and, she
gives up the idea of having a green-
house, for where is the money to pay
even for a small heater. But take
courage and examine the picture of
my boiler, and see if you can't take
your beloved plants through zero
[We cannot reproduce the illustra.
tion which accompanies the descrip-
tion. It was simply a small oil stove
placed on a common wooden chair,
with a tea kettle steaming away on top
of the stove.-ED. HORT.]
My conservatory, 6x13 feet, with
double windows, is connected with
the parlor by a large arched door. In
this room is an Aldine grate, a reg-
ister in the chimney at the back of the
conservatory, but the heat is not quite
enough, so I have a small oil stove,
called the Economist, and a tin tea
kettle. After lighting the lamp and
filling the kettle the water will boil in
ten minutes. Moisture gathers on the
glass, and there is a pleasant heat.
The plants flourish. I have abutilons,
geraniums, carnations and ageratums
in bloom, and the chrysanthemums
are splendid. Ferns, too, and lyco-
podium are doing nicely. You have
only to be watchful that the lamp
does not smoke and the water does
not boil out of the tea kettle, and
your plants will flourish as well as in
a more aristocratic greenhouse.
There have been periods when the
country heardjwith dismay that "the
soldier was abroad." That is not
the case now. Let the soldier be
abroad; in the present age he can do
nothing. There is another person
abroad, a less important person in the
eyes of some, an insignificant person,
whose labors have tended to produce
this state of things. The schoolmas-
ter is abroad. And I trust more to
him, armed with his primer, than I do
the soldier in full military array, for
upholding and extending the liberties
of his country.-Lord Brougham.
Ship to the Fruit Exchange-One
Many growers do not realize how
heavy their losses are from not know-
ing what is the best market at the
time of shipment.
Two years ago I shipped the Fruit
Exchange 2,400 boxes and felt dis-
satisfied with the returns. So last
year I sold at the grove all .for which i
I could get.a satisfactory price-some
500 boxes. There remained i,6oo
boxes. I divided the grove into three
portions which were picked success.
ively, and half the product of each
portion sent to perfectly reliable com-
mission merchants, and the rest to the
Florida Fruit Exchange..
In each case the Fruit Exchange
by its superior knowledge as to where
to send,, netted me thirty per cent.
more than the commission men, while
the oranges sold at home brought five
per cent. more than the Exchange av-
HOW TO SHIP
DBLONG, IAYER & Co.,
54 and 56 Broad Street,
J. 0. HOUGHTON & 00.1
Liverpool and London, England,
JAS. LIrNDSAY & SON,
Glasgow, Edinburgh arnd Leith,
We are prepared to take charge of Florida
Drang's t.bat intending _blppers may entrust
to our care lor shbip rUnent to he European
market. Represent ig, as we do, two of the I
most prominent houses tI the fruit trade
broad. we feel sure that shippers will be sat-
isfled d they consign through us to the
rirlend we represent. Proceeds of fruit sold
abroad car, be remitted by cable. Corres-
or dence Is solillted. and we shall be glad to
urnish banker's reference.
Moreover, late in 'the season my
father shipped his whole crop of pine-
and russets to the Exchange and
netted over three dollars a box for
everything, including culls not
This year I have been unable to
sell any oranges at home,- there being
no buyers at any reasonable figure, so
I have shipped the Exchange three
thousand boxes and expect to ship
them two thousand more, reserving
only a thousand boxes for experiment-
al shipments to Europe and to a new
and promising New York auction
I feel justified from past experience
and from this year's returns so far, in
recommending other growers to ship
the bulk of their crops to the Fruit
Exchange, thus escaping gluts and
subserving their own interests, while
at the same time avoiding injury to
the interests of other growers.
THEODORE L. MEAD.
Oviedo, Fla., Jan. 5, 1889.
There seems to be much wisdom in
this. California fruit growers have
settled on the Exchange plan as the
best. -Editor Dispatch.
All the. Ladies
Who have given Ayer's Hair Vigor a trial
are enthusiastic in:its praise.
Mrs. J. J Burton, of Bangor, Maine, says:
"I have been using Ayer's Hair Vigor with
marvelous success. It restores the original
color to gray hair, promotes a fresh growth,
and keeps it strong and healthy. As a toilet
article I have never found its equal."
Ayer's Hair Vigor,
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mais.
Sold by Druggists and Perfumers.
JANUARY 28 1889.1
THE FLORIDA DISPATCTT
it will take to itself wings, and fly
0o e IntlleSI'retS. away in the' steam fiom the boiling
BY MRS. CHARLES. coffee-pot. Consequently you want
Postoffice address, Lane Park. Fla. just enough heat to free this aroma-
Salutatory. and the essential oil-from the grounds,
In accepting the position as editress but confine it to the pot, and this re-
of the department of Home Interests suit is accomplished by the simplest of
we feel that we have been much hon- all processes, that of making dripped
ored by being chosen to fill the va- coffee. To do this it is not necessary
cancy made by the resignation of so to buy an expensive coffee-pot, though
estimable a lady as our former editress. I should recommend the French pot
In coming before the subscribers of with wire strainer if you can get it,
the DISPATCH we do not feel that we but you can make a filter for the ordi-
are meeting an entirely strange public, nary I o-cent coffee-pot that will answer
as we have been writing for several any purpose, in the following way.
years past for the Florida press, and Take a clean, bright condensed milk
other papers widely circulated' here, can, melt off the end that has been
and we trust we have already gained opened, perforate the other end as
some friends among them. Other thickly as possible with a small sharp-
friends we shall hope to gain as we go pointed instrument of any kind. This
on through the new year together, and is your coffee filter; if it does not fit
we ask you, housewives, young ladies the mouth of the coffee-pot you may
and children-all of you who make up look up another can, large enough to
the DISPATCH family-to join with us fit closely into the top of the coffee-
in the determination to make our de- pot, melt both ends and side of this,
apartment true to its most fitting name then bend it so as to fill the perforated
of Home Interests. Under that head- can at one end and place the other
ing we have a broad field; let us see to end for the top of the fitter, solder the
it that that field shall be well culti- two cans together, and use the round
vated, and no thorns left growing in a ring melted out of the larger can to
neighbor's path, which night be turned drop into the filter on top of the.
to roses by our writing something we grounds and you will be already to
have learned that is labor-saving, time- make a delicious and most economical
saving or ornamental. On our part cup of coffee, as follows: Wash the
we shall watch jealously for every- filter to get off all the acid left from
thing that can give help or pleasure in soldering, then fit it into the mouth of
the department. And now, with the the coffee pot, put into it one table-
clean white page of the new year spoonful of finely ground coffee for
spread before us, God grant that we each cup wanted, and one for the pot.-
imay be able to write it so well, that Drop the tin ring in, over the grounds,
when twelve months have brought it and when the tea kettle is, almost
to a close, there may be found no ready to boil, pour in- about the quan-
blots upon it, but that the whole may tity of water desired, cover the filter
gleam with the golden letters of char- with any convenient cover, and let
lity. the water drop slowly through the
coffee into the pot. When it seems to
t a ing Coffee t. have all dripped through, pour out a
"Of the fullness heart, the .
''f te f s te tea cup full of coffee and pour it irto
mouth speaketh," and lately we have fil ai. ot th
e o ay t the filter again. Do this about th ree
seen so, many failures in this very times and the' coffee is ready to ser e.
simple process that we feel a great de- If one member of the family likes
.ire to give some suggestions on the stronger coffee than another,
Subject. The coffee berry is so rich stronger coffee than another, he can
get it by pouring it through again and,
n ,oil and essence that every body again until it suits. The coffee pot
can make some kind of: a beverage should be kept. wtile making, on the
from it, and hence its popularity. Yet backofthe stove, where itcannot
,the drink which one-half of the world l_,sibly o1il. This is in every way
calls coffee is so different from what che nipler ind. most economic l
. .. .the impleit and most economic al
it should be, that it is a shame to seeng coffee, as well as
how the fragrant berry is. wasted and method of makin coffee, as well -R a
its' Te m t O the quickest process, and we reco.m-
its: aroma lost. The majority of -s t
mend all of our hItue'ives ot': tr\ it.
cooks and, busy housewives suppose l o .
ck and busy housew s s The coffee will be improved by illow .
that to make coffee they must pour will be improvedby 1 n,
t n attomae coffnthey m pd ofr ing the grounds to remain in the filter,
boiling water upon t ground co from time to time, until it is full, as it
and boil it fifteen or twenty minutes is nlyby continued steeping that the
to. Jk., e. C / L is-only by continued steeping that the
to make it "strong," but coffee is
ined by such process. essential oil is perfectly extracted.
ruined by such ,a process. It i; true, O
J, think, that it requires a certain Advertise in FLORIDA DISPATCH,.
amount of heat to free the aroma from the old reliable, as it has a very large
the grounds, but it is a very volatile and. rapidly increasing circulation
fairy, and if you get too much heat, among the farmers.
The working people of the United
States are laid down in the census as
bread-winners, and the avocations
they follow are called gainful, which
are certainly expressive terms.
-Get a house and plant trees and
flowers. Get a house, young man,
get a house.
-"Gold," a glittering crown; thou
poor, fantastic thing! What solid sat-
isfaction canst thou bring !"
An old physician,retired from practice, hav-
ing had placed in his hands by an East India
missionary the formula of asimplevegetable
remedy for the speedy and permanent cure of
Consumption, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Asthma,
and all Throat and Lung Affections, also
a positive and radical cure for Nervous De-
bility ar d ail Nervous Complaints, after hav-
ing tested its wonderful curative powers in
thousands of cases, has felt it his duty to
make it known to his suffering fellows. Ac-
tuated by this motive and a desire to relieve
human suffering, I will send free of charge
to all who desire it, this recipe, in German,
French or English, with full directions for
preparing- and using. Sent by mail by ad-
dressing with stamp, naming this paper, W.
A. NoyES, 1491Power's Block, Rochester N.Y.
Persons going North and Northwest should
see that their tickets read via Pensacola.
Tickets by this route can be purchased at as
low cost as any other. It gives the traveler
an opportunity to visit the QUAINT old City
of PENSACOLA and witness Its commercial
importance, with its large fleet of ocean go-
ing vessels. They also have an opportunity
of seeing the iGaHLANDn of FLORIDA. For
information about this section send a two
cent stamp for "Facts About Florida." Ad-
dress W. D. CHIPLEY, PENSACOLA, FLOR-
EGGS FOR HATCHING.
From While. Silver and Golden Laced Wy-
ai.,Ites, wWhte and Banc.d P. Rocks, Buff
'"o.i.ns, W'boe Doikits. Houdans, S. S.
Hiambures. White Crr'strd Black, W. C.
Sbitl an.1 tiolden Pollti. B. B. Red, Duck-
wir;,. Wajie.BlaeK. and Pit Games; B.B. Red
and ,uekwior ';ame Bontams. Price, $2.00
pI-r 3 !, |jl.?'. p.- r
F..>,-n. AI-eb.urr, Caveun, and 'hit'-
'ri':t.mdl W btl' Ducitm. t2.i.- per ,', V?.. Il.
T,'i ..:,n. Embden andl Browm China
-reea t? ,i, per ., t:. 1)0 p.: r 12.
Bredi.nc Stuo.k of the best blood in the
north. Addreis, C.C. PAINE,
: Federal Poie', Fla.
BARGAIN IN NURSERY STOCK.
e'i- Plum_-Sai-uma or Japan Blood, 0 5 per 1IWn
-. .e:b Trie ,. as -:. I.: anl variety, ,'-l1 r'" I''
Jir, D PEI *lnmOD, 4 n ir.|, ." F-,,r Ixs'
*.4 1 I 1.c.,
2. -. I r'-.tr 1'..
Co.:rresp,:.nd with S. FREI, Nuirseryrman.
Archebr, Ala'chua Co., Flia.
St. Nicholas, Fla.,
Agent for Geo. W. Baker's
ROTTED BONE MANURE
DECOMPOSED WITH POTASH.
Twenty-flve dollars per ton delivered at
your station when freight from Jacksonville
,.riE. not exceed $3 75.
Budded Orange and Umbrella Trees from
25ctlto l each
PEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH.
ILLUSTRATED LIST FREE.- -
Jenunings Nursery Co., Thorns-
v4 lie, Georgia.
FOR SALE VERY CHEAP.
A Lot of About
1,200 TANGERINE TREES,
'On sweet stalks from % to 1 inch in
Georgetown Nurseries, Georgetown, Fla.
Bright, Smooth and Firm Oranges.
GENTLE-MEN--YOU are perhaps aware that
I am a strong advocate of your fertilizer. I
have used it some six or seven years up to
the present year. I have,however, especially
noted its effects upon the tree rather -than
upon the fruit. My crop of some 3,000 boxes
this year, is so bright, SMOOTH and FIRM as to
attract attention. Other crops in the imme-
diate vicinity are quite rusty. The character
of the land being the same, can only attrib-
ute it to the fertilizer. I believe more firmly
than ever in the merits of your orange tree
fertilizer. Very respectfully,
H. L. DEFOREST,
w NT a 17 Er s .
An Active Partner
Eight to Ten Thon:and Dollars
In an Honororable and Paying Business,
together with Orange Grove, Truck Farm,
Stock, etc.. Good Buildings. Ninety acres
land. Healthy location.
GEO. IHUTCHISO V,
Crescent City, Florida.
Surplus Stock for Sale Cheap
DIXIE NURSERY, THOMASVILLE, GA.,
H. H. SANFORD & CO., Proprietors.
1,5001 year Peen-to Peach Trees, 2% to 4 feet
$35 per thousand. 500 at same rate.
5,000 Honey Peach Tree Junbuar, $35 per
thousand. 500 same rate.
5,000 Keiffer Pear Trees, 5 to 6 feet,1 year, on
LeConte stalks, $10 per thousand. 500 same
500 2-year Keiffers, $20 per hundred.
500 Smith's 2-year old, $20 per hundred.
5 000 2 year LeContes, 6 feet, will branch.
Ask for price
2,000 Figs, sugar, black and Brown Turkey,
$12 per hundred.
2,000 Mulberrys, Hicks and Daning, $12 per
hundred. 15c. each.
10,000 Scuppernong Vines, 4 kinds $500 per
500 large 2-year Kelseyl Plums, extra sizes.
Ask for prices.
All of the above first-class. Will be packed
and delivered to railroad or express. &
H. H, SANFORD & CO.
THE ST. AUGUSTINE NEWS.
ST. AUGUSTINE FLA.,
iComes Before the Wealthy People of
If you are Founding a New Town,
If you Have any Lands to. Sell, -.
;If you Wish ito Interest Northern Capi-
THE ST. AUGUSTINE NEWS.
If you are the Proprietor of a Southern
t1'. and desire the best. patronage,, have
your house represented In
THE ST.. AUGUSTINE NEWS.
The uew s9e':.i ,"Joty nt uc,:..:-i'ully estah-
lisLed i6sl \''nicr, and
THE ONLY PUBLICATION OF ITS
KIND IN THE SOUTH.
Clear them out with our
No Dust,; No trouble to
use. eanlasicLIoD guar-,
anteed or money re-
funded. 50cts. By mail
60Octs. I '
Barnard& Co., 415 Washington St.. Boston
0 THF~ FLORIDA DISPATOW [JANUARY 28, 1889
Please address all Communications for the Busi-
ness or Editorial Departments as follows:
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER AND
BOX C, JACKSONVILLE, PLA.
Will Sun-set'Cox ever set?
The Farmers' Alliance Department
of the FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FAR-
MER AND FRUIT-GROWER will appear
in the next issue.
Mrs. Charles, of Lane Park, Fla.,
assumes the editorial management of
our Home Interests Department with
We desire to make the FLORIDA DIS-
PATCH AND FARMER AND FRUIT-.
GROWER excellent in all respects, and
would gladly receive suggestions from
our friends as to any improvements
that could be made.
) a 4
We have received Bulletin No. 3,
of the Iowa Experiment Station,
which is full of interesting matter.
Some of our modern politicians
are neither fish, fowl or turkey buz-
zard on the tariff question. It's any-
thing to win and finger the spoils.
It is said that a budded orange
grove will pay expenses when five
years old, and seedling groves require
> 0 <
Our thanks for price-list and supple-
mental catalogue of the Valrico Nur-
series, tropical and sub-tropical, is-
sued at Seffner, Hillsborough county,
Fla,, W. G. Tousey, proprietor, and
0. C. Bailey, assistant manager.
Five thousand new subscribers
wanted for the FLORIDA DISPATCH,
AND FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, and
if each of our subscribers get us a new
one we will soon have the 5,00oo and
a little over. Lend us a helping hand
and you will be helping yourselves, as
well as helping to aid in building up a
great journal for Florida and South
The Florida Flyer is a gem of a lit-
tle paper, published monthly on Flor-
ida's Rolling Exposition. It is de-
voted to facts, figures and fancies of
Florida, and will accomplish much
good for the State. It sparkles with
Truck Farming at the South.
We have received, from Orange
Judd & Co., 751 Broadway, New
York, a book with the above title, by
Dr. A. Oemler, president of the
Chatham Co., Georgia, Fruit and
Vegetable Association. In the firs;
place we regard it as a great' addition
to our library, and in the second
place, we know Dr. Oemler well, who
has been in the market garden busi-
ness, near Savannah, Ga., for many
years, and can conscientiously rec-
ommend his valuable book to the
market gardeners of Florida.
To Our Friends.
We appear before our readers to-
day under our new name and attract-
ive heading, which was designed and
executed by the engraver of the Da-
Costa Printing and Publishing House,
of this city, and it is with high hopes,
renewed strength and lofty aims that
we will go forth to make new con-
quests in the journalistic field.
Within a very short period of time,
we have -increased our circulation,
doubled our strength and extended
our influence over a wide domain
where we have reason to anticipate a
rich harvest in capturing the hearts,
winning the admiration, and gaining
the support of not only our rural
friends, but of thousands of persons
in this and other States of the Ameri-
can Union, and in foreign countries to
a considerable extent.
Our correspondence, covering a
wide range of thought and actual ex-
perience, is increasing rapidly, so that
we will have the advantage of both
the scientific and experienced farmers
to enlighten the people as to the soil,
climate and products of the State,
which will be of advantage to our own
citizens and particularly valuable to
new comers who desire to enter into
farm and garden pursuits in our State.
We will command the best genius
through the pen and fine art through
the pictures, in illustrating valuable.
practical ideas in a clear and -forcible
manner, so that the FLORIDA DIS-
PATCH AND FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER will be sought by -many
thousands of people in this and other
States. We shall make it ai mighty
power for the good of our people by
the publication of matter; calculated
to enhance the interests and promote
their happiness, and .wh.-.se interests we
will ever protect with courage, zeal,
and independence ..
No efforts will be spared to fill our
columns with sparkling 'gems of
thought and solid, ideas, so that all
classes of parsons can find pleasure
in perusihig.heni, and we will have
canvas.sers in the field, .and hope that
they will be encouraged so as to help
them as well as to aid.usin our lauda-
ble undertaking in publishing a jour-
nal that will be alike-an honor to the
State and a blessing to her people
We do not wish to lose a single sub-
scriber. If you have unintentionally
allowed your subscription to expire,
or have any cause whatever for com-
plaina'gainst' our journal or its man-
THE FLORIDA DISPATCr
[JANUARY 28, 1889
agement, past or present, and you proximity of a people speaking a dif-
will inform us, we will immediately ferent language, the habits, customs,
remedy the trouble if in our power to amusements, and associations of their
do so. We will therefore thank you mother country.
for any criticisms you may have and From such settlements or colonies
consider it a special favor; we invite in the Western and North-western
it, as we are printing a journal for the States, there has grown up flourishing
people, and we intend to have their agricultural districts, seats of trade,
hearty support and approval, manufactures, schools, colleges,
It is now, by far, the best advertis- churches, and refifiements. They
ing medium to reach the rural districts serve not only the purpose of bringing
of Florida of any paper published in followers from the relations, friends
the United States, and advertising and neighbors of the original colo-
rates will remain the same as they nists, but also serve the purpose of
were in the FLORIDA DISPATCH. Sub- keeping away the idle and 'vicious of
scription, $2.00oo per annum. '$i.oo their native country. That under
for six months, and 50 cents for three these circumstances they soon become
months. Sample copies sent on ap- attached to their new homes, feel that
plication. they are in a free country, and one
Since the above was in type, Mr. that is to be, as with all Floridians,
Chas. W. DaCosta has purchased the an inheritance for their children; and
Farmers' Alliance, with all interests, experience having also shown that,
subscription lists and good will. It with such inducements, the ratio of
will hereafter be published as a Far- increase by accessions from the moth-
mers' Alliance Department in the er country has always been in propor-
FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER AND tion to the original settlements or
FRUIT-GROWER, and be the official colony; and it is of the highest impor-.
organ of the Farmers' Alliance, an tance to the State to increase and im-
organization covering Florida and a prove by such skillful aids, and as
large slice of Georgia; This will rapidly as possible, its agricultural
greatly increase the circulation and in- productions. It is, therefore, deeply
fluence of this journal in advancing to our interests for the State to lend
the interests of our farmers, and no its aid and influence to induce such
means will be spared on our part to do immigration.
so. The Germans, as well as our peo-,
Immigration. ple from the North, make valuable
The slight set-back we received in- citizens; and not only Germans, but
cidental to the existence of yellow those from all civilized portions of the
fever in portions of our State, for sev- globe. The medium of immigration
eral years past, should not discourage is one of the chief means to be used,
us in our efforts to offer inducements in gradually solving the race problem
to immigrants from all parts of the which seems to- alarm many of the'
world, for it is no new thing to be statesmen .of our country, particularly,
thus occasionally afflicted; for, within in the North. .So far as our Northern
the last two centuries, it has existed neighbors are concerned, they will,
in all the Atlantic and Gulf cities of continue to flock to our vines and fig
our country. Its visitations, how- trees" and "pitch- their tents" here,
'ever, are not so frequent as in olden and dwell in our land where the blue.
times, and it may not plague us again and gray have kissed each other and
for very many years to come. Its dwell in unity together.
.history shows that it seldom occurs in Our State feels a just pride in hon-
one place- two years successively. oring thousands of Northern people,:
Some persons are opposed to foreign who have erected altars side by side i
immigration, but we favor it; for with our old-timers, and are contrib-
tnrough it, to some extent, our coutn- uting greatly to the prosperity of our
try has made such wonderful progress State and happiness of her people.-I
as to amaze the world. They are not only -welcome, but a
Experience everywhere has shown thousand times welcome.. '
that no influence has been so great The war left us without the means
and none so successful in inducing 'to go ahead in developments as we
such settlements and such industries desired; and they, in various other.
"in the country as that, of enabling the ways besides settling up'and bringing
people from the ,continent/of Europe capital here, came to our rescue, and
to form among themselves separate in helping us, helped themselves.
and compact settlements, where, until Northern merchants, "from the close
they have become familiarized' with of the war up to the present time,
their new surroundings, and become have done much to help the South by
gradually merged in the Interests of' giving and extending credits, and in
the commonwealth, they may retain producing a friendly feeling'between
and enjoy,'free from the immediate the sections.
JANUARY 27, 1889.] THE FLORIDA DISPATCIV 71
The Onion Culture.
Our onion crop comes in at a sea-
son of the year when it can be made
very valuable if properly handled.' It
is a crop easily made and it should be
cultivated to a much greater extent
than it is.
In planting the seed beds, the
ground should be made very rich and
well broken, and then packed tight.
Then it should be raked and the seed
planted and packed again. Seeds can
be planted in drills, hills, and in the
seed bed for transplanting. The best
plan is to plant in drills when you
want the onion to grow, and then thin
out to suit your idea. They should
always be planted on ridges or high
land, say four inches high, and on low
lands, ten inches so as to prevent the
sand from covering the bulb, which
should always be kept clear.
In transplanting., break the top off
just above the first leaf, and the roots
to about one half inch, and plant in
ridges. Never hoe deep or plow.
Skim the ground so as to keep grass
and weeds down. Keep them fed
with occasional top dressings of ma-
nure. There is nothing better than
hen manure. Bone dust is also good.
Plant Giant Rock, White and Red
It is very important to obtain good
We always succeeded well by wa-
tering seed beds instead of soaking
seeds in tepid water before planting,
as many do.
For home purposes, the common
multiplyer should be raised in abun-
dance for, of all others, they are the
best keepers. Eit ier of the varieties,
red, white and purple, are good.
They are fine for pickling also.
As time rolls up the scroll from day
to day,, and events follow each other in
such rapid succession that it requires
a magical mind to keep pace with
Them, the grand idea of fair play
toward all men and all things has
ne'er been' in greater demand than
now, for the opposite tendency pre-
Svails to an alarming extent: and unless
the ugl.y rule of defaming ren and
women is checked, no person is sale
from sensation mongers. .A '-k w
. unthoughted or, TA'licious lines in a
journal rnavycost an innocent .person
a liie-tirme of trouble, if not ruin; and
of all things, the press of the country
should place at its mast head f/i,
play and stick to it.
Mr. A. S. Kells, -of the Crescent-
..Orange Grove Company, of Citra,,
Fla., was a pleasant caller at the Dis-
Another Step Upward.
Than Chas. W. DaCosta no young
man in the State has ever overcome
more obstacles or achieved more busi-
ness triumphs. He is a typical repre-
sentative and expression of "the New
South"-a native Floridian who, hav-
ing established a firm foot-hold in the
confidence and admiration of the com-
munity, goes forward from one step-
ping-stone of progress to another until
he has already attained an eminence
from which a man of mature age and
experience might honorably retire.
Last week Mr. DaCosta purchased
from the Times-Union Printing and
Publishing Company the splendid out-
fit, good will, etc., of the Florida
Farmer and Fruit. Grower, which he
will consolidate with the FLORIDA
DISPATCH-the latter, of itself, rank-
ing among the first periodicals in the
South. "This is gilding refined gold"
and piling Pelion on Ossa in a spirit
of enterprise which few men could ac-
complish; but if Jacksonville should
wake up some morning to find that
Charley DaCosta had purchased the
plant of the New York Herald, hun-
dreds of people would be ready to
exclaim: "I told you so!" Some men
are born.to lead in war, others in law,
politics, commerce or banking, but
in the avocation which he is making
the work of his life, Charles W.
DaCosta stands primus facile.
P. S.-Since the above was in type,
Mr. DaCosta has also purchased the
Farmers' Alliance, of Marianna (with
the plant, subscription list, good will,
etc.), which he has also merged into
the consolidated journals above men-
tioned, that publication having been,
at the recent convention of farmers in
this city, adopted as their official. or
gan. Times- Union.
We highly appreciate the above,
coming from the source it does, and
fully reciprocate the kind feelings
therein expressed, for they are more
than money could have purchased.
The bpp',rtunitie of the T7".cs- Union
are -rand indeed, anid ie bespeak for
it a successful iourrialstic career. It
has been published regularly under
ecry trying ciriinm tan:es, anrid at a
heavy ,N:srt. and e hope !hat its pluck
and energy may be amply rewarded.
THE FARMER AND FRUIT-
C. W. DaCosta, the Well-Known
Publisher. the Buyer.
C. \V. DaCo-sta, the proprietor of
the FLOIRirDA Di'.F.Aci-H, and ownere r of
the big publishing house, of this city.
iL bounding forward onr the sea o f
prc..sperity in a rapid manner. Today
he- purchased flom the Tin:es-. Un,.;,.
people T'. F".,r'.'& Fa,'r-"r .'c
Fi.';'t-.Gro:'a.''," the purchase includ-
ing plant, good-will, contracts, etc.
It is Mr. DaCosta's intention to
consolidate the DISPATCH and the
Fruit-Grower, and the combined cir-
culation of the two papers will make
it widely read. DaCosta is a practical
newspaper man and will make a big
success of his last venture, and will
not spare money in securing the best
possible brains obtainable to edit it,
and The Metropolis predicts a bright
future for the FLORIDA DISPATCH AND
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.-TZhe
We thank our spicy little daily vis-
itor for its kind wishesand trust that
not only the FLORIDA DISPATCH AND
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, but the
Metropolis, and the people of Florida,
may reach the highest degree of pros-
perity. If energy and brains will tell,
and they generally do, we will place
the FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER in the foremost
ranks of such publications.
Mr. Chas. W. DaCosta has pur-
chased from the proprietors of the
Times-Union the agricultural paper
known as the Farmer and Fruit Grow-
er, and will publish it in conjunction
with the DISPATCH, which will make
a most desirable paper for the farming
interests. If there is any one thing
more than another that makes us re-
oice at its severance from the Times-
Union, it is that in future we shall be'
spared, in reading that paper, an allu-
sion in almost every other paragraph
to the Fruit. Grower.
We wish Charlie success in this his
latest venture--Sunday ,Critique.
We thank our spicy little friend for
its kind wishes and hope that prosper-
ity may ever smile upon it.
The Paris Exposition,
As our commissioners have been
appointed by Governor Perry, to rep-
resent the State at the: Paris Exposi-
,tion, which iommnriiences next May and
ends in October, it would be wise for
the people of all sections to com-
mence -to prepare exhibits of the
State's products to be sent there. Be-
sides; Florida in detail should be put,
up in neat pamphil~t I.:rm, in all
known languages, for distribution, and
it should give directions and rates of
fare fr,,m all p.iitis of the world to
Florida as tar as attainable. We re-
gard'this as a very important matter,
anid hope the commissioners will feel
at liberty to use our columns to make
known their plans and nantc. W\e will
co-operate zealously in the matter.
American Pomological Society,
This important associaticin meets in
Ocala February 2o. 21 and 22.
The Floiida Internationaltand Sub.
THE FLORIDA DISPATMT
JANUAmY 27, 1889.]
Tropical Exposition will award, during
the assembling of the society, $910 in
cash premiums for fruits and agricul-
tural exhibits, as per their premium
The Nicaraugua Canal.
The friends of this scheme are
pressing their bill before Congress.
What are the friends of the Atlantic,
Mexican and Gulf Canal .project do-
ing? This is our home enterprise and
should be shoved. It would join the
Atlantic and Gulf by a short cut and
add pearls to the treasures of Flor-
The Jaffa Orange.
Editor Florida Dispatch:
I send you by this mail a Jaffa or-
ange from Jaffa, which I have just
received from a friend who brought it
from England. Should be glad of
your opinion of the same.
H. S. KEDNEY.
Winter Park, Fla., January 9, 1889.
[We exhibited this beautiful orange
to Mr. Damon Greenleaf, of our city,
who immediately recognized it as an
original Jaffa, having often seen the
fruit in the London market. It is
considered the best that goes to that
city, being unequaled by the Sicily or
anything that grows on the Mediter- -
ranean. It is in its prime in June.
Those about the size of this sample
retail for one penny (that is, two
cents) each in the London market.
One tree,, known as the Chinese
orange, grew in St. May's, Ga., and
in size, fineness and thinness of skin,
bore fruit like this sample, except, in-
stead of being oblong it was rather on
the flat order. They were very fine.
The tree was considered more delicate
than others in the grove, and was
killed during the last big freeze. ,
This specimen is certainly fine, and-
can be seen in our office.]
The Extra Session.
If a State Board of Health could be
made infallible, omnipresent and om-
nipotent, as some people imagine 6it,
can be, there could be no question as
to, the policy of calling the Legislature
together, but as such things cannot be
in mortal man, we doubt the practi-
cability if it. After all, as we have
before stated, the only safety lies in
the local authorities. If they fail, all
fails. If that ain't sense, what is
SThe Manufacture of Glass.
Could we.not manufacture glass for
bottles, in Florida ? WVe would be
glad for some expert to inform us on
the subject. Our desire is to push
everything that can be done in the
mfl FLORIDA DISPATOlT JANUARY 28, 1889,
For the Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
Freight Charges, R. R. Commis-
sions, Land Agents, and Other
Editor Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
We have a few "new comers" in
Waldo as well as the rest of Florida.
W. 0. Dickinson and family and Mrs.
Ploomer A. Parmerter, from Clinton,
Iowa, and Dr. C. K. Cullen, from
Richmond, Va., are among the prom-
ent ones seeking a place among us
citizens; the two former have in-
ested in lands and are now improv-
ng them, building houses, clearing
sand, fencing, etc., on quite an exten-
side scale. The latter, Dr. Cullen, is
pushing the pill business for what it is
worth, although it is not very lucrative
in our healthiest of Florida towns;
but he is turning his vast energies to
agriculture as well, as he is on hand
with a car of fertilizers, which he will
use in manuring fifty acres which he
is planting in Irish potatoes. He is
a veritable steam engine in mental
force. He rents land for his first
crop, or "trial crop," as he calls it, in
some cases paying over ten dollars per
acre as rent for this year.
'Tis a pity the doctor can't find
time to inquire of some of his neigh-
bors as to the rental value of land
here in Waldo. If he had done so he
would find hundreds of acres of good
land at his disposal free of rent except
caring for the young trees planted on
it. But then he is so enthusiastic,
you know, and we old-timers all
"know how it is ourselves." The be-.
witching charms of our mild, bracing,
tonickyair, compared with the pene-
trating, A',:,'c.i/.:g frigidity of the
North, is a seductive nymph, inex-
Florida has many drawbacks in
damaging freezes to tropical fruits,
yellow fever panics and railroad extor-
tions, high taxes, and lastly, but not
leastly, the festive land agent, whose
arms are always open wide to embrace
the new: comer, and too often that em-
brace, like the bear's, is fatal. Our wings
have been singed, but still we cling to
this fatal light; for no State or terri-
tory out of the hypothicated fifty, has
such magnetic sunlight, weird, dreamy
moonlight, or balmy, vitalizing atmos-
phere,laden with that appetizing ozone
that makes all hungry the year round.
My mind has gone out winged on a
voyage for fairer lands. I have es-
sayed to find in the statistics of cyclo-
pedias some country blessed with the
one hundred good points possessed
by elerida, and once almost found it
in California; but, alas, the long
droughts and hot simoons of blistering
sand drove me back to my first love,
like Noah's dove. Fair Florida,
"with all thy faults, I love thee still."
So we will do the best we can, and
continue to raise oranges, peaches,
pears, cukes and cabbages, and pay
four times as much freight on a barrel
of potatoes to Chicago or New York
as we do on a barrel of flour from
there to Florida, which proves that
there is something rotten in the State
of Denmark; which same rottenness
cannot be healed by a railroad com-
mission, or hasn't been. For hasn't
the KIng of Terrors, the railroad, shown
to said same commission that it costs
twelve to twenty thousand dollars per
mile to build "our" roads; but the
fact that these, "our" roads, were not
built with "our" money, but by the
proceeds of Government and State
lands, is not put in evidence; it is, as
the lawyers say, irrelevantt testi-
Thanks to Hon. P. P. Bishop, Jas.
A. Harris, Colonel Igleburger, and
others who are battling for the right
in our behalf, without pay; yet it is
timely here to say we will pay them in
gratitude at least for their noble work,
and "more anon" if opportunity offers.
So let gorged indolence revel in the
fat of the land while famished indus-
try still must toil and meagrely subsist
on what the railroads and commission
men choose to give them.
My orange crop is sold, and my
net returns were 76 cents per box. It
would have been double if transporta-
tion companies had not been so tardy.
B. F. LIVINGSTON.
For the Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
Speaking of Bears?
Editor Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
Whenever the conversation lagged,
"Old Uncle Moor" would rub his
feet on the floor and remark, "Speak-
ing of guns," and then begin his oft-
repeated dissertation on guns.
One might live in this vicinity three
years or more and not get a glimpse of
a bear, and yet I think that within a
radius of five or eight miles there are
now living in quiet contentment over
fifty bears. Many are killed while
they are swimming the river. Three
years ago the people of Tomoka set-
tlement were greatly troubled by bears
killing their hogs; they organized a
hunt, and within a few weeks they-
killed fifteen bears. I was sorry, for I
preferred the bears to the boars. Dur-
ing the past year, at Harwood, ten
bears have been killed or captured.
Mr. Westley \\'alton, .at the latter
place, within five years- has alone
killed eleven, and I think our cham-
pion hunter, Avis, of Daytona, must
average one dozen each year.
Last spring Mr. Slough, of Day-
tona, while here on our place, one
evening, took the gun and watched for
a deer within three hundred yards of
the house. Soon he saw an object ap-
proaching, and heard three others in
the scrub, all of which he at first took
for an old sow and pigs, and hesitated
about firing, but did so. The object
fell, but soon recovered and started,
but which way Mr. Slough was un-
certain, and thinking the better part
of valor was to retreat, he did so. I
met him with a wheelbarrow as a joke,
but he said it was no joke, for he had
certainly shot something, and it
squealed. We took an ax and lan-
tern, found the trail and blood; began
cutting a path toward what we now
fully believed to be a wounded she-
bear, as we could hear her groans and
falls as she attempted to makeher way
through the scrub.
All at once it occurred to us that,
should the bear turn upon us in the
thick scrub, ax, lantern, gun and men
might become demoralized, and we
concluded to wait until morning, not
that we were afraid, but-we found
the bear dead in the morning.
My son, twelve years old, has met
a large bear twice on our road to the
beach, but as he (the son) had never
called his father "Old Bald-head," the
bear moved along.
In the summer they steal our turtle
eggs on the beach, and when they ap-
proach a nest they never make a miss,
for wherever they put their nose there
is eggs, whereas a man, being a nov-
ice, might hunt an hour to find
I think they have the strongest
sense of scent and hearing of any ani-
mal living, and upon those two points
depend their guard against danger;
they do not depend much upon
Some time since our neighbor,
Shartle, while out clearing a new
piece of land, spied a beautiful little
cub playing near the edge of the clear-
ing; he captured it and desired to take
it home to the children, but the little
c-s sang out, "Ma," and ma came
out of the woods to argue the ques.
tion with Neighbor Shartle, aud after
two hours argument, Neighbor Shartle
in the top of a small tree, and Mother
Bear at the foot, he concluded to drop
the argument by dropping the cub.
That settled it.
At Harnood. last spring, a man
came out of a clearing into the i.-ad
about 6 o'clock in the evening, agid
there,. within fifty yards of him, was
an old. bear with five cubs. She rose
on her hind legs when she saw hima
he fired a charge of fine shot; she
dropped, recovered, took two of her
cubs in her arms, and tried to induce
the other three to jump the ditch be-
side the road, but they refused to go,
and the man captured them and took
them home, where they are now as
tame as kittens and play about the'
place without being chained.
All bears, at least tame ones, seem
to be as afraid of colored people as
they are of them. I think bears will
eat more avrieties of food than any
.other animal, including man. Turtle
eggs, hogs, roaches, ants, honey, pal-
metto berries, acorns, cabbage pal-
metto, grits, milk, and about every-
thing except oat meal, and I don't
blame them for not taking to that
kindly. They are a very hard ani-
mal to kill, their heads are a little
harder than a live oak knot, and their
vitals are low down back of their fore-
legs. They have been killed here
weighing 600o pounds. When fat
their meat is very nice and the fat is
as nice as butter to cook with, es-
pecially in frying doughnuts.
Are you afraid of bears? If so, when
you meet one, don't run, but stand
perfectly still and see him run.
C. A. BACON.
"Mumber Nine," Ormond, Fla., Jan.9, 1889.
Melrose Brightening Up.
The hotel is fast assuming an invit-
ing and generous offer to any who
may come to enjoy its hospitality.
Overlooking, as it does, the lovely
Santa: Fe from its broad and extend-
ed piazzas of both upper and lower
stories, it is indeed a most inviting
place for any seeking rest and sun-
shine in this matchless Florida cli-
The arrivals daily are fast filling
every part of the town, and already
there is quite an intimation of city life.
The arrivals of those pending their
winters here are, Mr. and Mrs. Rog-
ers,, Mr. and Mrs. Kimball and sister;
the Darlingtons, Mrs. Itness, Mrs.
Brown and daughters, of Connecticut,
Mrs. N. E. Priest, of Vermont, and
several others who are not known to
the writer of this. Still they are com-
The steamer "Alert" has notbeen
running its usual daily trips: for two
weeks, .being in for iepairs. This. be-
ing one of the pleasant features of a
trip here, it is to be regretted that at
just the time when so mianv are comr
ing it should have failed, necessitating
the slow and tediouus drive from Wal-
do. Trips will be resumed at an -ear-:
Iv date. with little delay as possible,
and all will be glad to hear the famil-
ia morning whistle once more. More
Melrose, Fia., January 1th, 1889.
JANUARY 28, 1889.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCTT-
JANUARY 27, 1889.1 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH 73
S S How I have pitied some men for ing and swelling a long time, then by mate extinction of our human race,
COlr 'Lil. trying to economize;"and further, in carefully dividing the pulp among all leaving only scratches and blemishes
-connection with this mistake, instead present and swallowing all the juice upon the fair surface of the globe that
For the Florida Dispatch and Farmer and and fiber, and lastly, by saving the nourished it.
Fuit-rower of paying an experienced and reliable peel and for months thereafter using it The internal structure, with angu-
Important to New Comers. man a good price, for the sake of saving sparingly to flavor sauces and pies. lar sacks of acid sweetness, all point-
Editor Florida Dispatch and Farmer and 25 cents per day they will hire inex- An extreme contrast is the practice ing toward the center, can afford de-
Economy is the watchword,or rath- perienced help, and often undertake it of some who live in a surfeit of this light to the eye as well as the palate;
er the countersign, to gain admission themselves, knowing nothing about it, fruit, and use it as a mere quencher of but the flavor of the cells nearest to
thirst, cutting a hole, sucking part of the Noh 1 11y fl d
into the ante-room or threshold of with a result of many dead trees; oth- the juice, and flinging away the shell sNort pole is usually flat and in-
nd. h a going ay sipid compared to that of the remain-
prosperity. Unfortunately it is too ers would grow, and a train of misfor- as refuse. If two persons of these ex- der of the fruit. People have all sorts
frequently the case that one pins, his tunes again over which to wonder and tremely different classes were to con- of whims and cranky ideas about the
faith to that which seems to be econo- complain. Just about on this plain sume oranges in each other's presence, swallowing of portions of pulp-fiber
my, but proves, when too late, to be are based the failures in Florida. it is hard to say which would be most and peel. One guards against it as if
my, but proves, when too late, to beare based the failures in Florida. disgusted at the other's style of pro- it were deadly and destructive to
experience dearly bought. This mis- There are many important points to cedure. health; deanodlyther andprefers to chew upto
take occurs in all the undertakings of be considered in the success of fruit The greedy and inexperienced per- and swallow a goodly portion of the
life, but Florida has proved to be an growing in Florida, and there are no son will recklessly bite through the solids, believing in it as being good
experimental field in which the incor- just cause for failures, and I am happy rind, and torture his lips, tongue, for the digestion, as the grahamites
rigible have conspicuously figured, and to say that with all this that there are nostrils and eyes with the pungent oil used to believe in wheat-bran. Yet
it is strange that so few profit from five successes to one failure in South that spurts visibly from sadly th tusand all these people live, and enjoy health
F pores. This interferes sadly with the and oranges. They also enjoy their
others' examples. Florida. due enjoyment of the sapid pulp. It own wise opinions most of alL
Among the.most prominent errors Those desiring to set trees have the reminds one of the dick urchin who
of the new comer is the belief that he most propitious season b.y reason of so confessed that he had chewed tobacco As a sauce or dessert, the orange
can buy wild land, clear and improve much rainfall. All trees set for the and swallowed the juice "just to get never fails to please, whether si ply
next sixty days ought to take on a good the strength of it." sliced with sugar, or prepared in the
it and raise an orchard cheaper than wt y season ou theth hand, the more re- more fanciful ways suggested in cook-
he can buy outright. Notwithstanding we be blessed with our usual rainy sea- fined and epicurean partaker careful- books. But there i no way of serv-
the many sad mistakes of those who son during the summer months should ly pares away all the outer rind, then ing them more attractive to the eye,
have undertaken this, together with the be substantially rooted and make a daintily peels off the white inner mem- than the water lily style. Open calout
advice and arguments to the contrary.. mst wonderful growth next year. brane, leaving a plump, yellow, trans- toe rind in segments, like the calyx
Such as peaches, plums. pears, per- lucent globe of liquid nectar, enclosed of a flower, all meeting at the stem,
men still persist in this mistake and simmons, etc., can now be reset with in delicate cells that are. ready to and well attached to the orange at
not yield the point until they have per- perfect safety and should not be de melt, lobe after lobe, upon the tongue, that point.. Then carefully separate
formed several years hard labor, spent played, and should the trees be healthy whether the mouth is toothless or the lobes from each other except at
hundreds of dollars and find them- and well-rooted, well-set, and proper- armed with grinders. By the way, thestem, letting them fal apart like
selves minus the price of a bearing ly cared for 99 per cent. will live, and to pare a fruit is a very different thing radiating flower petals, and adorn the
if on suitable land will also grow. from peeling it, though many people center with a buttonhole bouquet, or
grove in expenditures and labor, and In order to preserve the verdure of use one of these terms where only some dainty flower; and whether
five years behind where they would a newly set tree drop a couple shovel- the other is applicable. served'on finest porcelain or on a
have been had they bought a place al- fuls of stable manure around the tree Nothing tests one's neatness or broad chip of fragrant pine, such an
ready made. not covering it, and dig in with a slovenliness better than eating or- orange 0 is amthl s t and allows
Again, in order to economize in the pronged hoe one pint of cotton seed anges. While some manage it so He who merely sucks and swallows
Again, in order toeconomize in thmeal just beyond the longest roots of deftlythat not a drop escapes, there the juice has no business to claim that
rearing of a grove, instead of going to the tree, and the tree will not turn are others who regularly smear their he has eaten the fruit. We do not
a reliable nurseryman and buying yellow, as is frequently the case, hands and faces. Then, if washing eat fluids; we drink or sip them. If
healthy, well-rooted and well-grown and it will go to growing at once. facilities are absent, the sugary juice all We wanted of oranges were merely
budded trees, and paying a good price, After the tree is fairly started apply dries on with astickycoating, attract- lito get the juice, then e would usedrinkt
they wilbu lit sk s1 ,another pint of cotton seed meal not ing and retaining any dust, soot orlittl machines, and drink it
they will buy little, sickly switches' too near the body, well and equally sand that may "come to hand." Yet from a cup.
seedlings without life or constitution, distributed and raked or dug in with the most neat and fastidious some- But no, that would never do. To
from some fence jam, simply to save a pronged hoe; this applies to average times come to grief from trusting too the eater, there is a certain pleasure
1o cents or 20 cents per tree, brag three-year old trees of almost any much in the toughness of an orange. in masticating such combined nectar
about what a bargain they got. Many species. When attempting to shoot the juice and ambrosia. If there is not a dis-
of such trees, after two or three.years After which draw on your stock of into the mouth, the gun often bursts tinct enjoyment derived from the use
of must be cut backfter to or threee ground in common sense a sufficient amount to at the breech and scatters the acid of the jaw-muscles, then tell me why
must be cut back to the ground in manage it as needs may require contents disastrously over silks and children and young ladies chew gum,
order to get a healthy growth and the plenty, of work, goodattention, a great broadcloth. This occurs not with the why some women scold, why negroes
owner is five years later in getting a deal of patience, an abundance of wilted, flabby, imported fruit of for- talk politics and why mules gnaw
bearing grove. hope, and 99 chances in a 100 you eign regions, so often as with the ten- hitching posts ? On the other hand,
Many believe they can bu such ill have bearing trees in a few years, der, distended fruit of Florida, nearly to the sucker there is as genuine a joy
Many believe they can buy such and if you ever bucked at a game of ready to burst with overflowing full- in obtaining this unfermented wine
seedlings, set to grove, after which chuck-luck or keno you will get a fair ness. But there i;,now and then one fresh from its original package, as a
they can bud with a gre at a \i ng. with- insight as to tile probabilities of about who likes to slash a knife right well-supplied infant can experience.
out thinking that it is often a ar h.,w your returns for shipments through such oranges on the plane Not any labor-saving contrivance for
after setting a 'tree before a ge-rd ill pan out. of their equator, and while the burst- us. if you please. Each mouth would
healthy bud cin be had; then the top G. W. HENDRv ing liquid escapes, they try to .ecu re gladlv do its own extracting.
_h1 it, much after the fashion in which a Do not think it rigorously required
is taken off; the stump will not grow For the Florida Dispatch and Farmer and pig eats s watermelon. that when in Florida you must eat
one lota until the budgets as large as FrAn orange has its North pole :your oranges in "Florida style." It
the Sturnp at the connection large itTheyEat Oranges. (where the stem grew), its South pole maybe tried as an experiment, but it
the stoumV at i the connection ih There is more than one way to skin and its equator; also, its meridians, of may not suit your idea of eating good
nearly. two e-ars list in this one sim- a cat; and even so it is safe to declare lirigitude marking the division into fruit, to suck the juice through a hole;
ple item. that there are divers ways in which to lobes; and its solid crust and fluid in- neither may it suit the style of beauty
Thus, one mistake in economy fob .eat an orange, varying with the tiste rerior, like that great oblate speroid of your particular mouth. But
lows another; finally there is a chain of and disposition of the eater. The uwhirhi all primary teachers agree in whether you eat them with a knife, a
misfortunes, the owner complains and people of far Northern countries con- d:larinrg "round, like an orange." It spoon, or with. your teeth-whether
misfortunes, te er co n. id.--r an orange a rare exotic treat, often, ail-c, has its bright side, where with sugar, like the' Californians, or
the.world rnes wrong; Florida is not c,-tly and etravagant, because lack- the sun kept off the rust, and its dark without-you should enjoy them with
that Garden o1 Eden as is claimed for. ing in nutrimentt, and precious only side: representing day and night. deliberate'moderation, with neat ma-
At; he sells fur less than it has cost lun, or its e.arn,,eint taste and flavor. The myriads, of rust mites, with their nipulanon, and with grateful apprecia-
pulls back to tell his old friends "-back Hence, the- tr\ ro get out ofitall tli, er ephceral and unknown lives, are a tion. A. W. B.
yonder" that Florida is a sailuire. satusacti-on possible, first, by caress- Iit simile ol the brief career and ulti- Orlando, Fla., Jan. 2,l89..
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH [JAIrnAIIY 28, 1889.
For the Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
How to Make a Barbed Wire Fence.
Select good long posts, long enough
to set two feet and a half in the
ground and to come a little above
the top wire. Never set a part of a
post and patch out with an inch board,
as the rain will run down between
the patch and the post and rust the
uails so they are apt to break off in
time. Besides, the staples are ver*.
apt to split an inch board and let the
wires off. Set stakes to sight by, and
stretch a line to dig the holes and set
the posts by. By all means get the
fence straight. The posts should be
well tamped with a long, slim tamper
that can be used with both hands, and
don't be afraid to use it. Throw in a
little dirt at first, and tamp it securely
so as to get the bottom of the post
solid; then tamp again half way up,
and again at the top. If a hog tight
fence is to be made, the posts should
not be set more than eight or nine
- feet apart; for, if set a rod or twenty
feet apart as is often done, pig are al-
most sure to spring the wires and go
through. If a board is to be nailed
on at or near the top of the fence,
the same should be distributed before
the posts are set, and then set the
posts so that every joint will come on
a post, and if the boards are about a
rod long, set a post in the middle. If
the boards are very long, it is best to
put two posts between joints. Never
make a joint between posts. There
is no need of it where only one board
is used. Corner and gate posts should
Ib, of good, fair size. Square the end
that is to go into the ground and hew
the opposite sides for five or six inches
from the bottom, then take two pieces
of heart 2x4 scantling 15 inches long,
and spike them on the hewed sides of
the post at the bottom at right angles
with the post. Spike them on with
20-penny nails, driving them diagonal--
ly across the grain if possible, to pre-
vent splitting. Dig a large hole not
less than three feet in depth, put the
post in place and thoroughly tamp
every three or four inches to the top..
The pieces of 1;antling. serve as an-
high up at least as the top wire; then
cut a similar one in the first post from
the corner, two or three inches from
the ground, so that the foot of the
brace will be far enough above the
ground so asnot to rot it. Then take
a saw and accurately fit thebrace into
the notches, cutting it a quarter of an
inch or so longer than just to fit, so
as to shove the corner post out a trifle,
so that it shall be a tight fit, and then
nail the ends. It is a good plan to
take a piece of plank fifteen inches
long and six or eight inches wide, and
set it edgewise in the ground on the
opposite side of the foot of the brace,
and tamp it well to prevent the post
from giving a particle when the wire
is stretched. With corner and gate
posts set in this manner, wire may be
stretched to its utmost capacity with-
out moving them in the least. If a
hog-tight fence is to be made, use hog
wire with four barbs four inches apart
-galvanized wire being the best. The
bottom wire should be an inch or two
from the ground, the next three or
four should be three and one-half
inches apart in order to turn pigs, in-
creasing in width above. The board
should be heart wood, three or four
inches wide, nailed on three feet or
three and one-half feet from the
ground. Thirteen or fourteen inches
above this should be placed the top
wire. This allows any one to crawl
through the feflce above the board
without tearing the clothing.
J. H. SIMPSON.
Manatee, Fla., Jan. 14, 1889.
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
It is rather singular that most all
stock raisers, who have erected silos,
go at it in a "handle me tenderly"
sort of way, and then feel like being
kicked for not putting up one sooner,
and then, ten chances to one, they
immediately determine to put up an-
Well, that is the way we feel about
it, and although our ensilage did not
turn out as well as it should have done,
we have concluded that it will pay to
have double the capacity.
The building.is all right and we will
be glad to send plans to any one wish-
ing to build.
churs, and if securely spiked on, and, We put in potato vines, but they
if the post is thoroughly tamped, it proved a dead failure.
cannot raise a hair's breadth, no dif-
ference how tightly the wires are
stretched. For braces, select 4x4
heart sc.ntling or lightwi:od sticks li e
or six inches in diameter, and not le"s
than nine or ten feet in length. Never
put in a pine sapling to rot in a year
or two and leave the wires all loose.
It does not pay, no difference howv
cheap it may be at lirst. Cut nrtches.
an inch deep in the corner post as
We put these in while the leaves
were green, but think if we. had
waited until the leaves had fallen off,
they would have been all right.
But if you have a silo, or are going
to build one, put some of your potato
vines loosely on top. In our opinion
they will keep fresh until setting out
Our main cr,:'p in the silo was drilled
corn, and almost every stalk had an
ear, which was partly glazed when
The corn was planted in June, on
land from which oats had been taken.
Our silo is about one hundred and
twenty-five ton capacity, and as it
takes a "heap" of corn to fill it, we
propose to plant a lot early; cut when
the corn is in the glaze state, fill the
silo and cover with hay or straw, lay
boards cross ways and then cover with
The silo has come to stay, and the
man who has cows and can grow corn
and does not build himsrlf a silo, does
the cows, himself and the State an in-
WM. B. SCHRADER.
Waverly Stock Farm, Tallahassee, Florida,
Jan. 12, 1889.
Editor Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
In reply to recent inquiry with re-
gard to Die-Back, I will give my ex-
perience with it. In setting out and
cultivating about 700 citrous trees
four years, I have had about 15o cases-
of Die-Back, and in every case it was
caused by too much manure, either
stable manure, cow chips,. or cotton
In a large majority of cases they -re-
cover the second year. Many trees
will be badly affected in the fall and
will grow off all right the following
spring. If they do not, I wait until
fall and then, if there is no healthy
growth, I pull the tree up and set a
new one in the same soil, use no more
fertilizer, and it will grow nicely.
I think it will pay to wait through
the second season of fhe disease,
using no more fertilizer, if the tree is a
nice thrifty one, as I have about 25
trees now that have made a splendid
growth this season that all the growth
of last season after June died away.
I have tried the sulphur bath, and
strong carbolic acid solution, but they
are worthless, in my opinion. If the
tree will not recover by neglect, with-
in eighteen months, it had better be
replaced. M. H. PORTER.
Irish Potato Culture.
Editor Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
As the time is at hand to make
preparations for planting Irish pota-
toes, I select a low piece of land, bay
head, never cleared before. I clear,
grub and burn all roots, limbs, and
trash, and when nicely cleared off, I
plow up thoroughly and harrow well
to pulverize the soil, and then ridge
up the ground the same as for sweet
potatoes, and make my furrows
deep between the ridges by the use of
the hoe: then conduct these furrows
beyond the plowed ground into a
ditch to carry off all the surplus water.
I allow none to stand in the furrows.
Then I open up with the hoe holes
to plant the potatoes, say six to eight
inches deep, about fifteen inches
apart; then I use compost, stable,
hen-house and muck well mixed, and
put a quart of this in every hole. I
usually cut my potatoes lengthwise
into four pieces. After the potatoes
come up work with hoe, keeping
ground open and free from weeds. I
keep the furrows open to carry off the
water. I never draw any ground to
the vines only such as may get dis-
placed from rain into the furrow.
This is my method of raising Irish po-
tatoes on low ground. I prefer the
low land as I plant above the level of
the water. In a dry time you have
sufficient moisture to make a crop.
In a rainy season you are, still above
the water line to insure a good crop.
F. J. VOGEL.
A Good Suggestion.
Editor Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
I see every once in a while some
one gives his method of growing some
special crop. This is as it should be.
Let every one give his or her experi-
ence that we may all profits by such
methods. A hundred experiments can
be conducted during the year, and
we may all profit by them. Other-
wise it would take one person a life
time-to conduct that which can be
done in a single season. I :heref6:.re
ask the subscribers of the DISPATCH
to give their experience more freely,
and by so doing, we will be advancing;
the interests of Florida, and giving
aid and c'nfi:,rt to the new comer.
who has to learn a great many things
before he will make a success here,
in his new home. Let each and ev-
ery one of us take up something to
experiment with. If the result proves,
favorable, the better for all who wish
to follow. If. a 'failure, why, then
there is room for further experiments,
or to be discarded altogether as tin-.
suitable for this climate. Such exper-
iment will save many a dollar .to the
new.beginnier; so let us all put forth
our efforts and see the results for
1889. F. J. VOGEL.
Lake Maitland,,Fla., Jan'. 14, 1889.
Matrimony Made Easy.
To every young lady in hoples- despair
At the stie ,t her fe,- or the bue of ber hair,
There's ibhis to be said:
Put your -oul into bread.
Your ideals lu pies, and you'll surely get there.
C R I N E SE Blood
Peach, Blood Plum;
Kelsey, Botan, Mart-
annaard otber pluras.
Peaches, Pears, Ap-
pies, Japan Persim-
mons. Pecans, Apri-
cots, Grapes, Olves
FiCs, Camphor and
othlier Fruit and Orna-
tetne st Early Pea'h.i mental Trees.
Cherokee Farm and Nurseries.
(Our new Seedling Peaches are unescelled-
home-grown on healiby, rlgorous stock. Sat-
'uma and other pluius and peaches gtown on
Mariainnu and Myrobolan strck. Stock
adapted to Florida, a specially. Price lower
than ever. ltock flrtl-classtnd true to name
Our Cherokee Annual free to all appilcanas
H. U. REED& CO., across, Ga.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
JANUARY 28, 1889.] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
Editor Florida Dispatch:
In the DISPATCH of December 31,
Mr. D. W. Adams again comes to the
fray with a long argument(?) in behalf
of -his favorite hobby, viz.: English
scientific names for plants.
Every one has a right to his own
opinions and to publish them to the
world, provided they are clothed in
language suitable for public print, and
the opinions are not a transgression of
law or liable to cause others to break
the law. But when any one enters
into a controversy, if he wishes his ar-
ticles to receive serious consideration
and to have weight and influence with
the public, he must treat his adversa-
Any misrepresentation is certain to
react to the injury of the cause which
resorts to it to bolster up a weak argu-
ment. It is not fair to make a new
word out of parts of two others, or to
run two or three names together and
thus try to make out a much worse
state of affairs than really exists.
Mr. Adams says the the contest was
between a "more highly educated
class," and that the "common" people
could look on. I can not speak for
the others who have taken part in this
controversy, but personally I make no
claim to being highly educated. I
never attended college, nor am I a
graduate of any institution of learn-
I never studied botany in school or
under a teacher. What little knowl-
edge I have of the science was gained
at home from books without assist-
It is my impression that the late P.
W. Reasoner was self-educated so far
as his knowledge of botany was con-
Mr. Adams has a great deal to say
about accuracy, and then says that
certain plants may be called with
"scientific precision" by two or more
entirely different names. This is a
mistake; a plant can have only one
true scientiffe name.
As I have before explained, differ-
ent botanist may discover the same
plant at different times, and from in-
sufficient data, or, lack of careful ex-
amination and comparison, may be
mistaken as to the family to which it
belong', and give it a name which
later investigations may show to be in-
-When competent botanical au-
thority has ds.:ided that a plant his
been incorrectly named and gives it a.
name in strict confor'iity with its bo-
,ctanical relationship, the new name, is
entitled to the precedence. There is,
of course, a dispute at times, some-
times quite prolonged, as to which is
the best authority andwhose name shall
stand, but these are only the excep-
tion, an occasional plant, not exceed-
ing one to a thousand of those whose
f names are settled and undisputed.
Mr. Adams repeats the old chest-
nut about having names that people
* can understand. Will he please de-
fine the words oak, hickory, corn, or-
ange, potato, etc.
We all know when we hear these
words what is meant, but if they have
any abstract meaning' or are any-
thing more than arbitrary names for
articles in common use, I am not
aware of it. In the same way many
botanical names have been adopted
into the English language and are in
common daily use, notably the com-
mon garden vegetable asparagus. I
have before called attention to some
of the botanical names of flowering
plants in common use, such as
Dahlia, Fuchsia, Verbena, Zinnia,
The English names are not always
an improvement either in brevity, ease
of pronunciation or any other respect.
Witness the "English" name Mistle-
toe, the botanical name of the Eng-
lish species being Viscum.
Or what will you say about the
common Southern name of the fruit
of Nyssa capitata, viz., Ogeechee
Mr. Adams thinks that riot one-half
of one per cent. of the people of the
United States "know anything about
it." The population of the United
States is supposed to be about 60,000,-
ooo. One-half of one per cent. would
Probably there are more than that
number of. students in the common
schools, academies, seminaries, col-
leges, etc., who are studying, or have
studied botany, while it is more than
probable that there are ten times that
many whose school days are over,
who have studied the science more or
less and have some knowledge of bot-
any .and botanical nomenclature.
There are also thousands who, like
myself, have educated themselves to a
greater or less extent in this line.
In my capacity as editor of the De-
partment of Ornamental Horticulture,
I receive in exchange all the floral
magazines and papers pub-
lished in the United States. If
Mr. Adams would read all these pa-
pers monthly fora few years he would
change his mind, both as to .the num-
ber who have some knowledge of bo-
tanical names and also as to the neces-
sity for some system of names which
shall have authority.
Mr. Adams asserts that no one can
use botanical names in common con-
versation without appearing "pedan-
tic" and making himself a "butt of
ridicule." I have too high an opin-
ion of my neighbors, to believe that
they would be guilty of so gross a
breach of decorum and good manners
as to laugh at any one for using the
only name that many plants have. I
have a good many visitors in the
course of a year, and they often ask
the names of plants they have not seen
before. If the plant has a common
name I always give it in connection
with the botanical name; if it has no
common name, I give the botanical
name and explain that there is no oth-
er so far as I know. In many years of
experience I do not remember ever
meeting with any ridicule or any
treatment unbecoming for a gentleman
If Mr. Adams' neighbors are differ-
ent, it is a good reason for not settling
in that part of Florida.
Botanical names cannot affect the
nursery business, as a whole, but only
one branch known universally as the
In this case, as in other instances,
Mr. Adams has a very exaggerated-
idea of the effect of these names.
The total amount of sales in the
florist business in the United States
mounts up into the millions of dollars
annually, and I do not believe that
the adoption of a system of English
names would add $100o,ooo to the
A system of English botanical no-
menclature is impracticable until the
English language becomes the univer-
sal language of the civilized world.
At present the close commercial re-
lations between this country on one
side and Holland, France, Germany,
Italy, etc., on the other, renders some
system of nomenclature which all can
use a necessity.
The English names could not be
translated, they must. be transferred or
the foreign equivalent used.
Some of American seedsmen make
a practice of giving the German,
French and Spanish names of their
seeds in addition to the English.
Peas, not cow peas, but what are
known in Florida as English Peas, in
German are Erbse, in French Pois,
in Spanish Guizante. Cabbage is in
German Kopf-kohl, in French Chou
Pomme,' in Spanish Repollo. Corn
is in German Welschkorn, in French
Mais, in Spanish Maiz.
It is evident that while an English
noinenclature might be devised .which
could be used in this country and'
England, it would be useless in busi-
ness or friendly correspondence with
foreign nations. Any attempt to
make such a change would only re-
sult in "confusion worse confound-
One point Mr. Adams makes to
which I can take no exception. .It
might be adopted in this country with
good results, viz.: the translation of
those parts of botanical names which
are descriptive and have a meaning
which can be translated.
Thus there is no objection to saying
hairy instead of hirsute, or narrow-
leaved instead of angustifolia in
writing to or for English speaking peo-
It is impossible within the limits of
a newspaper article to fully discuss
this question. But the above gives an
outline which our readers can follow
out at their leisure.
W. C. STEELE.
Switzerland, Fla., Jan. 7.
-Our American Eagle is well
-"The brighter the sunshine, the
darker the shade."
-"Contentment, with Godliness,'
is great gain."
-"A mild answer turneth away
wrath." Peace is better than war.
-How true is it, that "prosperity
gains many friends, and adversity tries
-Take heed, boys, and remember
to "act well your part, there all the
The door can be bolted against a
robber,but there is no escape from the
-Blood will tell, but the pedigree
of a horse counts for nothing if he
loses the race.
-In all discussions, the' highest
standard of decorum should be pre-
served. Tone elevates; abuse debases.
-The press is the fountain light
that illuminates all other lights that
dazzle in the intellectual world.
-There can be no objection to wit,
sarcasm, or repartee, when properly
used in spicing thought,'but abusive
epithets should always be avoided.
-They are doing a rushing divorce
business out West. Even the tele-
phone has been drummed into ser
vice. They are .going it with light-
ning speed, and judges' decide- and
lawyers thrive. -
-Short, pointed, prudent, witty
and logical editorials is what weplac- ,
before our numerous readers. Truth
dazzling in the light of beauty is what
people want in alive newspaper which
is fully up to the spirit of the age,
JANUARY 28, 1889.]
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
JANUARY 28 1889.
Important Happenings in all Sec-
tions of the State.
The lumber and brick dealers of
Tallahassee are overrun with orders.
Over 75,000 boxes of oranges will
leave the DeLand station this sea-
All the dredge boats are at work
widening the canals in Osceola county
to 75 feet.
Two Cubans have secured $27,000
bonus to establish a cigar factory at
Over three thousand boxes of or-
anges were shipped from South Lake
Weir in December.
The expenses for collecting the in-
ternal revenue taxes 'in Florida the
past year were' $i 1,810.83.
Leesburg is likely to have a flour-
ishing building and loan association in
in the course of a few weeks.
The wine business has increased to
such an extent in Tallahassee that a
barrel factory is badly needed.
The personal property and real es-
tate of Hillsborough county has in-
creased $300,000 the past year.
The contract was let January 5th
for the completion of the Macon road
from Valdosta to Palatka direct.
The new court house and jail of Os-
ceola county will cost about $25,000,
and building begins about February
The farmers of the Tallahassee
country are gradually adopting the
cash system and becoming independ-
Six Massachusetts fishing smacks
are fishing in Tampa Bay for red snap-
pers, and report a very satisfactory
Lake City has three booming schools,
is now at Tarpon Springs, where he
has built a house and will spend the
Mrs. W. J. Nesbitt, of Melbourne,
has a tea plant with two blossoms out.
This plant came from Washington a
year ago, and shows possibilities of the
culture of of the tea leaf in Florida. -
An English gentleman went to
South Florida from Jacksonville to
look up lands for settlement. -He
represents over thirty English fami-
lies desirious of making Florida their
Sixty feet of new depot shedding
and a spur track is now needed at
Lawtey to accommodate the growing
importance of the strawberry industry
at that place. So says the Starke
Leesburg offers as a bonus to secure
the building of a first-class hotel, a lot
situated in the center of the town ana
bounded by four streets, a lot of am-
ple size, and for which her town coun-
cil has refused $6,000 cash.
The agent of a Masonic home has
just left DeFuniak for Cincinnati
after completing arrangements for the
erection of a Masonic home at De-
Funiak which will'cost $60,000, and
will bring to DeFuniak renewed pros-
The United States Government has
decided upon the establishment of a
quarantine and experimental station
at the Dry Tortugas, the, better to
guard against the importation of yel-
low fever and other infectious diseases
from the West Indies.,
Mr. T. G. Rawls says that he is
ready to plant forty acres in castor
beans, near Tallahassee, just as soon
as a mill is started here or a market
opened up. He has also experiment-
ed with the opium poppy and says
that it is a profitable crop.
the State Agricultural College and
Peabody High School and the Lake The Banner, in noticing the matter,
City Institute. says: "This is a move in the right
direction, and the producers must
The people at Center Hill have remember that, if they do not look
subscribed $,600oo to build a ware- after their interests, as the transporta-
house at that place for the storing and tion companies do theirs, the fruit and
curnfig of tobacco, vegetable growers are bound to pay
The State Agricultural College at tie fiddler."
Lake City opened for the winter ses-
.sion lastweek. The steamer Mascotte will sail from
ston lastweek TThe dormitories are t, l i .
full to overrittoing..
Mr. Philip Carpenter has been ap-
pointed by Governor Perry as Com-
missioner of Deeds for, Florida in the
State of New York.
Tampa claims to have put in build-
ings and improvements last year
$.,624,500, and to have had only
eighteen deaths during the year.
The Duke of Sutherland, one of the,
largest'land owners ifi Great Britian,"
lampa JUL r enra merL. ca on.LULi a tiip
of inspection. Mr. Plant, Superin-
dent Haines, and other officials of the
Plant Investment Company will be
passengers. The object of this trip is
to work up a trade between Central
American ports and Tampa.
The Methodist Conference has
made the following appintnments for
the Jacksonville District: Presiding
Elder, T. J. Nixon; Jack onville, St.
Pauls, J. B. Anderson; LaVilla and
Brooklyn, F. E. Shipp; South Jack-
sonvill, F. Pasco; Duval Mission, sup-
plied by P. T. Bedford; Lower St.
Johns, supplied by J. McDowell.
There will be a meeting of the fruit
and vegetable growers of the State in
Ocala, on the 6th day of February, to
organize an association the business
of which will be to see that every
move made by the railroads before the
State Commission to increase rates is
promptly met, and the growers' inter-
ests properly protected.
The assessed value of the real and
personal property in Hillsboro for the
year 1887 was $3,313,000. For the
year 1888 the assessed value is $3,616,-
6oo, an increase of $313,060. The
assessment was made early in the
year, and since which time more than
a million dollars of improvements
have been added to the taxables of
The 5-acre bearing orange grove,
consisting of 330 trees, belonging to
Mr. Ed. M. Carpenter, and known as
the Holly homestead grove, two miles
east of Orange City, is a scene to be
admired just now. It is loaded with
fruit, as fine oranges in looks and
flavor as ever grew. Think of a 5-acre
grove yielding 2,500 boxes, the esti-
mate of this grove, which- has been
bearing only a few years.
In speaking of their Semi-Tropical
Association, it says: "At a meeting
of the directors of the Semi-Tropical
Association last night, the Hon. John
F. Dunn, State Senator from our dis-
trict, and the well known President
of the Merchants' National Bank,
surprised his associates by offering a
cash premium of $1,000 for the best
continuous county exhibit from any
county in Florida at Ocala's Semi-
Tropical Exposition (Marion not in-
eluded), as a capital prize. The coun-
ties in the State making the display
to select the judges. There will be
no charge for entries or space.
"Everything is shaping itself to-
wards a successful and brilliant open-
ing on the 29th day of January."
SThe reports coming in from all sec-
tions of the State with reference to the
financial condition of the farming
class of our people are of the most
cheering character. They are report-
ed to be entirely out of debt and flush
with money, paying as they go, and
buy nothing on credit. The farm-
ers of Bradford county, says the, In-
dex, are now in better condition than
they have been for the past ten years.
They are out of debt, pay as they go,
with plenty of money in their pockets
-have 'leek, fat horses and a plenty
in their cribs and barns to keep them
so, besides smoke-houses and store-
rooms literally packed and crammed
with first-class provisions for themin
selves, their families and poor kin.
For the next thirty days, in order to re-
duce surplus stock,
TiE GLEN ST. MAlRY
WILL GIVE AWAY
A large number of trees of the choicest
varieties, but they will be given to
the parties who send us orders
accompanied by cash, and
the larger the order the
more trees will be
Do you want any peaches ? Look at the list
of the Peen-to family, viz: Peen-to, Bidwell's
Early, Maggie, Orlando, June Beauty, Bid-
well's Late, Yum Yum, Seminole, Florida's
Own, Barrs' Early, Waldo and Barrs' Late.
Look at the 1ist of the Honey family, viz:
Honey, Early CO.ina, Climax, Pallas, Kite
and Early Cream. Look at the list of native
peaches, viz: Florida Crawford, Countess,
La eine, Sunset, Elma, Power's September,
Gibbons' October, and several others. Also a
fine stock of the recently imported Chinese
Blood Peach. Remember that we make
Peachls and Plums a specialty, that we have
the largest stock of them in the State, that
everything we ship is guaranteed free
from loot knot or other insects, that our
stock is all young, vi-orous and thrifty, and
ths best that can be grown.
Look at our list of Oriental Plums, viz:
Kelsey Ogon, Botan, Chabot, Masu, Long
t'ruited, Botankio, Blood Plum of Satsuma,
Yosobe, ; Okute, Smomo, Yellow Japan,
Si moni and Pissardli,
Look at this list of Firs, viz. Celestial,
White Marseilles, Brunswick, White Genoa,
Blue Genoa, Black Ischia, Green Ischia,Brown
Turkey,White Adviatie,San Pedro and White
Smyrna. Many of them of 6xtra size, a
magnificent stock of them.
LeConte, Kelffer, Bartlett, Howell, Buffum
and Duchesse de Angouleme Pears, all on
LeConte roots. Also Apples of kinds best
adapted to the South all on LeConte stock.
Satsum Oranges, Apricots, Quinces, Japan
Medlers, Olives, I-ecans. Japan Chestnuts,
Walnuts, Japan Persimmons, Grapes, Pome-
granates, etc., etc.
Sena us $5, $It, $25, $50, or $100, telling us
about what you want, but leaving the selec-
tions of varieties partly to us. We will
guna antee satisfaction, or if you know ex-
actly what you want, name the varieties.
Everything named is first-class, and we
refer with pride I o our past record as an earn-
est of continued efforts to give satisfaction.
Nurserymen, dealers and planters can be
supplied with many varieties of smaller
trees of choice, budde d varieties at prices that
will pay handsomely to grow them another
year. Peach seedlings also furnished if
wanted. Remember WE MUST HAVE
ROOM, and that within the next thirty days
we mean to add hundreds to our list of cus-
tomers, and to deal with them all in such a
manner as to insure their custom in the
future. We are as anxious to please you as
you are to be pleased. Send us an order and
give us a chance to prove it. Your confidence
will not be misplaced, .
Our facilities for prompt shipment, either
by Ireight or express are excellent. By
special arrangement made by us with the
Southern Express Company, our customers
get the benefit of a twenty-five per cent. dis-
count from regular rates on all shipments
made by express.
CATALOGUE AND PRICE-LIST FREE
Remember that we are sending CHOICE
IREE', OF THE. BEST VARIETIES,
GRATIS with every cash order.
G. L. TABBER,
Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fla.
A MA DR TAS ASTHMLIN
AST,,l I tIlai ptlneverilstocure.
Any onewowantstobe UU V1cnan send us their
address and we wil mal trial bottle
DR. TAFTBROS, Rochester, N. Y. F R t.
We are now offering for the first time'and
only by us, THE BEAUTIFUL EUREKA,
a Strawberry theatMathew crawford days
yielded with him the past sumnier a4t.the
rate of 129 bushels to the acre at one picking.
60 other variety es., 80 of Grapes, Thompsons'
Early Prolific Red Has berry, the earliest of,
all, succeeds better in the South than any
any other variety. Thompson's Early
Mammoth Blackberry, etc., etc. If you
mention this paper will eend you catalogue
free, telling about these beautiful berries and
oibhrs Everybodywantsit. CLEVELAND
NURsIIET, Lakewood, ,Cuyahoga
JANUARY 28. 1889.]
* THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
The Florida Dispatch r.A.a'mI3NT2'" NTfTf -m --I'EBS
AND Located at Anthony, Eight Miles north of Ocala, Marion County,
FARM AAR AND FRUIT MRW R On the Florida Central and Peninsular Railroad (formerly F. & N.), offers to the public a
I Anl 1. F RU I ll G O WER. full line of Nursery Stock, including Florida Own Peach, one of the best, if not the
CHAS W. IA(COSTA. Proprietor. very best Early Market Peach in Florida; Early Cream, flesh creamy yellow, almost of
THE FLORTDA DISPAI CH AND FARM- a honey sweetness, good size, small pits, freestone, early and good shipper; Bidwell's Florida
ER A RD F UT GROWER is a 20-pge Crawford; Peen-to; Honey, and many other choice Peaches, Kelsey and other Japan Plums
column il strated weekly newspaper de- on Myrobolan stock; Figs in variety; Japan Persimmons (Kaki); Pomegranates; Grapes,
voted to the Farm, Grove, Garden, Orchard etc .; Orange trees, budded and seedlings; Lemons, etc.
and ousehold Econ^omy, and to the o Send name fornew Catalogue and Price List. Address,
tion of agricultural and industrial interests HHOKAW, Anthony. Fla.
of Florida. It is published every Monday.
'erms of Subscription: ..2 IR EUI
For one year ............................ $2 00
For six m months ....... .. .................. 1 00
irati"onro the time pald for. AND FREE DELIVERY OF GOODS TO ANY PART OF THF
MITTANCE should be made by Check,M T VIEW N R R
Poslal Note, Money Order, or Registered Let STATE FROM THE BAY VIEW NURSERIES.
ter, to order of
FLORIDA DIPATCH AND F_'ARMER Our Stock this season is very large and in fine condition. Satisfaction guaranteed. New
AND FRUIT G ROWER Price List about November lst., Illustrated Catalogue later.
JaD I G ksonville, Fla. Address, R. D. HOYT, Manager,
Jacksonville, Fla. Bay view, Fla.
Energetic Representatives Wanted. E SWITZERLAND NURSERY.
We want an energetic representative Peen-to, Honey, Bidwell's Early and other Peach Trees. Wild Goose, Mariana and other
in every neighborhood in Florida to push Chickasaw Plums. Kelsey, Ogon, Botan and other Japan Plums, including the famous
the circulation of tie FLORIDA Dis- "Satsumas" or "Blood Plum."
S latonAn extra finelot of HOME-GROWN Niagara Grape Vines, WARRANTED GENUINE
PATCH. and fully equal to any Northern stock. A large stock of other Grape Vines; also Blackberry
Young or old, of either sex, may be- and Strawberry Plants.
come profitably employed on a cash basis Alu I'-- A. TNursery at Your 0-wn Door.
in a legitimate business for themselves Absolutely PUre. A specialty made of sending all kinds of trees and plants by mall, and safe arrival guar-
and do a grand work for their neighbors This powder never varies. A marvel of purity, eed Prices low to suiTEELEt the tmes. Cirulars f all. E anagerr
by putting the "DISPATCH" in their strength and wholesomeness. More economic Switzerland, St. Johns County, Fla.
hands than the ordinary kinds. SOLD oNLY IN CANS. __-__ _
By comparison it will be seen that no STERLING IANTF'G CO., EUSTIS NUR SERIE S,
other journal approaches it in size or & 14 spruce St,,New Yorlo
character for the money. Citation of Administration. Eustis, Lake County, Fla.,
We shall be glad to hear from friends DUVAL COUNTY, FLORIDA: Offer for sale a stock of budded orange trees of all leading varieties, Inoluding the
of this journal who will act in this capac- Bu the County Xudge of Said County: RI V E SIDE ID F A- V E L ,
ity or who will send us the name of HTIE REAS, Albert N. Wood has applied to Budded entirely from buds received this season from Riverside, Cal. Bidwell, Peen-to and
others who may do so. For special WV the County Judae of said County for Let- Honey Peaches, Kelsey and other Japan Plums. All home grown. Best native and foreign
terms, address ters of Administration on the estate of Vin. grapes, including a large stock of BlackHamburg. White Adriatic 'and other figs. Persim-
terms, address LODA DSPAT cent H. Wood, deceased, late of said County mons, etc. Price list free on application. G H. NORTON, Eustis. Fla.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, of Duval.
Jacksonville, Fla rhese are, therefore, to cite and admonish THE BUCKEYE NURSERIES
all and singular the kindred and creditors of
We take pleasure in calling the attention of said deceased, to be and appear before this Villa Franca Lemons. Washington Navels.
our readers to the Seed advertisement of Z. Court, on or before the 6th day of February,
our readers to the Seed advertisement of Z D. 1889,and file objections, ifany they hae,' We have for fall and winter delivery large and select stock of the above named varieties
De Forest Ely & Co., of Philadelphia. They to the granting letters as aforesaid, otherwise one and two year old buds, thrifty and free from insects. Our Villa Franca buds were ob-
are an eminently reliable and prompt house the same will be granted as prayed. trained from the finest grove )f this celebrated variety in the State, and our Washington
W. Iness my name as County Judge of the Navel buds were imported by us, direct from California, and taken from the first trees bud-
to do buisness with, and their offers can be County aforesaid, this 19th day of December ded with that variety in the State. This grove is said to bear heavily and steadily. We have
depended upon as showing up even more 1888. W. A. MCLEAN also all the standard varieties Known to Florida, also Peen-to and Honey peach trees, and
favorably than advertised. Mr. ELy is a County Judge. LeConte and Keifer Pears. All of our trees are grown on high pine land, and we guarantee
thavorougably than ad v expertisenced. M. Ely isedsman, a man Dec. 24-6-w that every tree shall have goodiroots, which after all is mostimportant. Send for Catalogue.
thorough and experienced seedsman, a man GILLETT BRO'S South Lake Wier. Marion Co.. Florida.
of rare earnestness and push in his buisness. In the Circuit Court, 4th Judicial
C t of Florida, Duval Co.-In
He started with one of the old and well-kn n Chancery. lorlal Co-In
Philadelphia Seed Houses, and spent there EMA E .GREEN, fl a n ol N N u rse ry,
ten years of his life so well, that he had been
a member of the firm nearly three years be- vs. Bill. Bidwell's Improved Peaches. Five varieties ripening in succession May 10th to July
fore starting his own name before the public 15th, and all'are seedlings of the Peen-to, that Peach found *wild by Atchioon in Afghanis-
In less than five years he has built up a busi- STEPHEN DAVIs GREEN. tan and are so far the only strain of Peaches adapted to the climate of South Florida. Are
nass extending to all quarters of the world It appearing by affidavit attached to bill grown on stalks from Florida native seed; are first class in every respect and at such prices
and ranks fifth of itskindin the whole United that the defendant, Stephen 0. Green re- that planters need look no further. Also we sell buds of Bidwell's Early, Bidwell's Late,
.States. Ely's Garden Manual is a beautiful sides outside the State of Florida, and it is be- Early Orlando, Bidwell's Improved Peen-to and Kelsey Plum kor I -'" _-
catalogue, full of valuable Information to lieved, in the city of Troy, State of Ohio, and On account of Mr. Bidwell's ill health patrons are requested to correspond with me. I
every one making either a vegetable or flower is over twenty-one years of age, it is ordered JAMES MOTT
garden, and all should send for a copy as it that the said defendant be, and he is required P. 0. Box 59. Orlando, Fla.
will be mailed free to all our readers who to answer or demur to said bill on or before
apply forThat this order be published inT AF 8IDA 500,000 Orange and Lemon Trees For Sale at the Magnolia Nurseries.
Fig Cuttings DISPATCH, a newspaper published in said Sweet and sour seedlings. Thirty-three varieties of budded stock, budded about six
county, once a week for four weeks consecu- inches from ground; having been stacked are straight, well rooted, are strictly FIRST-CLASS
Of Brown and White Smyrna, Purple Bruns- tively. 1. E. BUCKMAN, in every respect, and while they are set in our grove, they are unlike many others, in as
Cwick and Brown Turkeerk Circuit Court, Duval Co., Fla. much as they are free from scale, growing vigorously without fertilizer, therefore it is not
wick and Brown Turkets per dozen mhousand- FLETCHER & WURTS, necessary to dispose of them at a sacrifice-still we will sell them at aslow afgure as strictly
50 cents per dozen y mail. Complainant's Solicitors, first-class stock can be obtained elsewhere. We invite inspection, and if notified will pro-
T:L, trees at lowest prices Correspondence promptly answered.
Sherwood Female seminaryy at Stann- ur descriptive s-lu 3. W. and F. D. WAITE, Belleview, Marion Co., Fla.
Compleatein atsSolmetors. F I an is adiicted with alon
-to, Va. Rr Do 10at Oaes congte Dr. Charles C. .Huxley, the eminent and world famous
Opens September 12, 1888. Special attention ,J ein descripton and Catarrh Specialist, of the HuxleV Medical Dispensary,
is given to art and music. For catalogue and illustrations of a com- Palmyra. N. Y., desires every reader of this paper who
particulars, address J. L. assey, A. M., leassortmentt is afe atrrh, a o
Steaunton, Va. op l or be it both,) such as Acute, Chronic or Ulcerated
o J for the Conservatory Catarrh, Hay Fever, ("Dry Catarrh," Leprousy, of the head, nose and throat,) Catarrh of the
For Sae ,y and Garden,alsoBulbs,9 Eye and Ear, and also Catarrhal Consumption to AT ONCE send him their address on a
or Sale. Roots, Vines, Shrubs POSTAL CARD (costing ONE JNT.) for his "ew Plan and Special Offer" to Catahrral
Herefoid BFll, "Doctor," with fifteenhome- Flower and Vegetable Sufferers, (over 30,000 IEGISrTERED CURES.) 0. $.--Dr. Huxley will, in addition to the
bred cows. Will exchange for improved real Seeds,OrnamentalFrultandShadeTrees,ismalled above, write a full and complete letter regarding Catarrh and its rational treatment and
state. J A RRISON REED. FREE to all Applicants, Established, 1850. cure, a respects each particular case, to those addressing him with ONE STAMP to pay
South Jacksonville. Jan. 10. Satisfaction guaranteed. 35 Greenhouses. postage. Addres, D't. CHARLES C. HUXLEY,
3 Address NANZ & NEUNER, LOUISVILLE, KY. Huxley Medical Dispensary, Palmyra, N. Y.
The Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of dNA r o t w
hlat gou clon e snd F ORSALE. A n Ashes
Tuesday of January,.189, between the hours
oflO M and4 P. M.,for thse purpose of A Complete Printer's Out fit,Ccnsist- Ul TT -- A C- -r |.w
BION H. BARNETT, ing of Specially adapted for Orange Groves and more valuable than any other fertilizer for all
Cashier 1 i, Medium Universal Job Press. kinds of fruit and vegetables at much less cost. Supplied in car-load lots. Quality guaran-
3 Cases Primer, teed. Owing to their great strength in potash we cannot ship our ashes in bags. Price and
East .liorida Nurseries, 2CasesBourgeois. pamphlet sent on application. Imported by
DATON SLAN, FLA., 1 Case NonpareilName th a MU L ROE, JUDSON & STROUP, Oswego, N. Y.
(ia'dfi for ti.:. -rs.,, On '8a and '89 a large o' )u'.Ou.I: .lh nnds.
stFrok oS ale Rotst ..,,er,,s ofCitrus and other 1 IJi -,i fa.,re llll llll +' t w
Ir,. Ire .i, tr:.: .. al ',nuts adapted to the ti, S (Over_ '',, 3iv Type. C ~ r I H l itms ihetlabldNEW
elilnurs. ."ii Flor ti.J .i. i.-., exLra large Tangier- 1.. ..t n Hted alnd t'Oluiuu Rules, Das.i and b a ite L h A Plaent
Irne ae,l Kir.'ra. A ,..R-o. V. Francha and A',l.:Inieru.snt Rule., Leasd, *uunase, '. *.n- p c r U Seedi ha
obo-r leanor, t r,[,s ri ,1 bargain Budding ].ic.nrM. l:k, ,are. I his 'r i li ou il ll eile FOR o1889 Tells how to grow them, Cand
wo,,od [in .,uJtil, .,[ low prices. Agent fra m ninll e'sl'pr.eanil. pressiiareeuuh effersvalableOasht PRIZSt ortheirproduct. Mailedree toallendigaddressforit,
lor braJLey' F,:rnli..-rr, lheverybest. to. pilrit fl, :-.-ol]utt p'p- r. 'fernms mti._r. SPECIAL PRICES PlV 0 tflt SeeAMerohanta 3Oland 1303MarketSt.
For prices, aJdr.-., W. F. REED, A.,idres, 1 LORdIDA pathT", foM.ARKE.TENAR.ENES.. UU' d.. PHILADELPHIA. PA.
t N tio al g A. of Mancville& Co. JaikbouliLe, iFJa.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
GARDEN and FARM MANUAL for1889
tT7" Is brimful of good things, Including many
RARE AND VALUABLE NOVEL TIES neverbefore
offered, handsomely Illustrated in natural colors;
altogether the grandest and most complete Cata
talogue published in America. No .Market or Pri-
vate Cardener can afford to be without it., On re-
reiptof 10 CTS. In cash or stamps, we will send It
ree by mail together with apkt. of the WONDER-
FUL NEW & DISTINCT
rOMATO--- BRANDY- r"
FiNE; largest, smooth-
it and handsomest of
alone is 20c. T.7OUR ...-------.
Ith MARKET GARDENERS. Mention this paperwhen you
OKES, 217 & 219 Market St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Richard M. Montgomery & Co.,
WTioles Cle LA-uLotioia ee rs.
CHICAGO, NO. 59 WABASH AVENUE.
Periodical r*rracde sales
We do not receive direct consignments of fruits, but would be pleased to correspond with
growers and shippers, explaining the Auction system and its methods. Pariles wishing to
sell Oranges, Lemons or other Florida products at Auction must consi n their shipments to
some Chicago Commission House or Agent who will act under their instructions and sell at
Auction through us.
Motes & Hiatt
AUTOMATIC ORANGE SIZER
BEST EVERK. M1A.DE.
Will size as accurately as any sizer
made, and MORE THAAN TWICE AS FAST.
Will sizeabox.a minute. Send for de-
scriptive circulars to
The E. H. MOTE AUTOMATIC ORANGE
SIZER Co.. Leesburg Fla. The exclusive
right to make and s-ll in California for
Come, Fellow Farmers!
It is the good things and the new things you want.
Here is a Catalogue full of them! Do yon want tested
seed, raised from stock selected with extra care,
grown from the best strains, got from the origi-
nators? I aim to have mine jest such. Do you
"'-want new varieties that are really good, and not
merely novelties? I aim to bave mine such. Do
you want seed that the dealer himself has faith enough
in to warrant? I warrant mine. as see Catalogue. Do
you want an exceptionally large collection to select from?
Mine is such. Do you want them directly from thegrower ?
I grow a large portion of mine-few seedsmen grow any! My
yVegtable and lower Seed Catalogue for 1889 FREE to, every.
h.dy. JAMZES J. H. GREGORY, Marblehead, Mass.
PLANES c-A Hos. rEFLYi
Set'downfor F C ,T R M,. .,-. .. ,,:.
That these I.:..... ., .i'J ,
morepop arc'.,r .. d 4" It
than ever b-.- ai... '- .:
last. An aott .r .. -t
SNurseryTrees, Nursery Tre s,
o htto 0 U 0
knowOit. 6 S
Our Nursery is more than twice as large as any in the State. The trees are
perfectly. healthy and thrifty. We have every known variety, and size. Our
prices we guarantee to be at least 50 per cent. Lower than any competitor.
The trees are in groves, and must lbe removed this se son. This is not
idle LalL; We mein every word of it, and you will miss it if you buy before see-
ing our trees. We are determined to sell. For further information, call on, or
v. C. &s E. nH. BUrFFrM & CO.,
stanton, 1Marion Co., Flia.
P E VALRICO NURSERIES LNE APPLES
POMEGRANATES, V BANANAS,
PEACHES, AVOCADO PEARS,
GRAPES, TROPICAL, AND SUBTROPICAL. GUAVAS,
PEARS L ASONAS
PELIES, Large Stock, Choice Varieties,, True Naming NERAUMS,
LOATS Liberal Dealing. CALADIUMS,
ORIENTAL W. G. TOUSEY ROSES,
PLUMES AND eACTIA
PERSIMMONS, SEFFNER, HILLSBOROUGH CO., FLA. VINES,
NUT TREES. Send for Catalogue. GRASSE
LIlIES. Etc.. iic. PALMS. Etc. Etc.
Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery..
FImUITLEA1 D NUSERIES,
AUGUSTA, GA. P. J. BERCKMANS, PPorrietor.
The new illustrated edition of catalogue No. 4, giving full descriptions of FRUIT AND
ORNAMENTAT TREES, ROSES, PALMS, etc., specially adapted to Florida Is now
ready, and will be mailed free to all applicants. Many new fruits are offered, and stock is
fully up to the usual high standard of the past thirty years.
No agents employed. Send your orders direct to us, and avoid being imposed upon.
Mention this paper.
SO THE DINGEEI & CONARD CO'S We ofier pos tmid at your
nun a e -- ....own door, the LARGEST
STOCK of ROSE in
r America, all varieties,
S --- AND 'E ySa sizes and flrices, to suit
all wants. ALL THE FINEST NEW ROSES, New Hardy FLOWERING PLANTS,
New CLIMBING VINES, New Summer FLOWERING BULBS, and JAPAN LILIES, New
CHRYSANTHEMUMS, GLADIOLUS and TUBEROSES, The Wonderful NEW MOON
FLOWERS, New GRAPES, New and Rare FLOWER and VEGETABLE -EEDS.
goods sent everywhere by mail or express. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Our NEW GUIDE, ino pages,
handsomely illustrated. FREE TO ALL s r/so write/or it. It will pay you to see it before buying.
THE DINGEE & CONARD CO., Rose Growers and Importers, West Grove, Pa.
A-. N.DOSBINS a& 3or
1mn, Locksmiths, and Stencil Cutters,
44 W. Forsyth St., Op. St. Johns Hotel.
Snsmithing done in all its branches.
IRON SAFE WOEK
Special rates Steneil Cuttine. by mail.
sfOvEi Qi 60e0C s pepl lelievo that it
--* -w--- 'w pays best to buy Seeds
.i 1! FER'.T i CO .
S1 .: l--3- -0 r. L.: l 1 t t
,, -- S '-'' ? ^ I,5r', g ii e,, ., i e r t
l I ... .E .... r ., I
i.n existence. .should send for it. Adde (ss
i f ,r i. i i
in existence. should r ess
D. M. FERRY & CO., Detroit. MiIch
A LITTLE book that every farmer ought to have
is the "Sorghum Hand Book" for 1889, which.
may be had free, by addressing The Blymyer
Iron Works Co., of Cincinnati, O. Sorghum is a
Very valuable crop for syrup-making, feed, and -
fodder, and this pamphlet gives full information
about the different species, best modes of culti-
vation, etc. Send and get it and read it.
subject to SPASMS are most likely troubled with
WOMS. The best remedy for this Is the celebrated
!WOIRm B.A.FAHNESTOCKS VERMIFUGE.
Been 60 years inuse and neverfails. Observe partioU-
larly that the initials are B. A. thus avoiding inlitatiol0
OUR YOUTH'S FRIEND.
A Literary Journal for BOYS and GIRLS,
16 PAGES MONTHLY, AND ONLY
40 CENTS PER YEAR.
It contains departments of
Stories; Social Etiquette; Temperance;
Nature and Science; Our Girls; Inqui-
ries Answered; Humorous; Good
Health; Music; Recreations;
Adventure; Art; Puz-
OUR YOUTH'S FRIEND
s bright, sparkling and pure; just the paper
hat every father and mother, who hale the
welfare of their children at heart, will feel
disposed to place upon their reading table,
The editor has had twelve years' experience
n editing for the young, and all this experience
s brought to bear upon making up OUR
LIBERAL PREMIUMS GIVEN TO CANVASSERS.
8 SAMPLE COPY FBEE. Address
REV. P. W. RAIDABAUCH,
315 E. Madison Ave.. Cleveland, 0.
600ACRES 13 GREENHOUSES.
TREES I PLANTS
We offer for the Fall trade a.large and fine stock
of every description of ,l IT'IT and Ornmametal
q'IIES Shrubs, 'oses. Vines, SMALIL
IPCRUITS, Hedire Plants, Fruit Tree Seed-
lings and FIorest Tree Seedlinas. Priced Cata-
logue, Fall of 188, mailed free. En'abliesd 1852.
SIDNEY TUCTLE & CO. Propretlorn, BLOOMINGETO. ILL.
WHOLESALE DEALER AND JOBBER IF
RYE, BOURBOIRN AND CORtN WHISKIES, ALSO FINE WINES, DO1TIESTIC
AND 1M1PORTED LIQUORS CIGARS, ETC.
State Agents for'the State of Florida for the celebrated Imperial and Culmbacher
Bottled Beer. The Jug Trade a Specialty. Catalogue and price list on application.
Nos. 80 and 107 W. Bay St., Warehouse, 114 W.Bay St.. Jacksonville, Fla.
OTS size 4o0x100 LAK VIEW on Lake Kingsley. ClayCo.,only 010. A
/ feet in LAKE V.IW, choice 5-acre tract for an ORANGE
SGROVE, costs but $100.
High, rolling Pine Lands, Salubrious Climate, a good inve tment.T A T T
Send 2-cent stamp or Maps, etc., or remit P. O. Order or Bank IDa ft to
JON T. TALBOTT, and get Warranty Deed, Titles perfect from the
TROPICAL LAND COMPANY,
0o. Box s, Jacklouville, Flp., 89 W. 1yIf
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
JANUARY 28 1889.]
A llian /ce EXchanlge the State Exchange the same financial c
N -J- -- --i Now the very fact that our people had tl
Sthe Board of Directors and Trustee the opportunity of buying their goods it
So the Board of Dthe Farers and trustee through this channel has forced the li
Stockholders of the Farmers' Alhance retail merchant to reduce his prices to ir
of Florida: meet this competition; the business n
We take pleasure in presenting to has largely gone to the retail mer- P
you our first annual report of the bus- chants, and yet our people have been fi
iness transacted through our Ex benefited. w
We wish to call your attention to Again, our Exchange was started v
We wish to call your attention the summer, the dullest season of 0
'some points that are of vital interest the year, when there was very little f
to our well being: produce to market and very few far- j
Our Exchange was organized nine mers had any money. Many farmers a
months ago at Madison, Fla., by elect- had already made contracts with the
uing a President and Board of Direct- local merchant, and in such cases we t
*of Directors, Bro. R. B. Stapleton tracts. Now this has kept a great deal f,
:tendered his resignation on account of of business from our Exchange. p
ahis personal business demanding his We refer you to the report of Broth- i
,time, and in July, Bro. S. B. Thomas, er Cessna who was in charge of our s
Jr., resigned as secretary and treasur- New York office, which was opened n
er, but through the exigencies of the about the middle of August, and the u
fever the transfer was not made until information gained there will result in b
the first of September. the saving of thousands dollars. You
As is well known to the member- must bear in mind that our Exchange c
.ship, it was proposed to hold a meet- is today, and every day, becoming f
ing at Gainesville, Fla., on September more useful to our members in gain- s
a 6th, but the fever broke out in Gaines- ing information regarding the market-
ville and prevented this meeting. Had ing of our crops and the purchasing of r
this meeting been held, the propriety our supplies. The great object of our y
of transacting the business now before organization is to get remunerative
you would have been considered then, prices for the products of your labor, t
which would have obviated the neces- and we wish to impress upon you that
-sity of your now convening. This we are not organized forthe sole pur- i
-meeting would have also elected a pose of purchasing your supplies. You r
Board of Directors. do not desire to know how to purchase
It is a well-known fact that when but how to sell. If every farmer,
Sour Exchange was established, that would adopt this maxim, and make it
the Directors and Trustee Stockhold- a rule of his life, to sell two dollars'
-ers, and members of the Order at worth for every dollars' worth spent
large had started a new departure in for purchases, we would soon be the
-the commercial world. We were un- freest, the happiest and the most pros-
'known to each other; our plans were perous people in the world.
'not fully matured nor .was the mem- When the Board of Directors start-
,be ship fully posted. It was a gigan- ed our Exchange, when they entered
-tic undertaking. We have had to the commercial world, they were met
,overcome not only opposition from with this argument: That farmers
"the outside, but the distrust and sus- cannot organize, that their organiza-
-picion of our own members, and this tions have never been successful, and
has been the greatest obstacle we have that the mercantile world has. certain
met. channels through which it does busi-
There is no business that can be ness, represented in the local mer-
.started and operated without first in- chant, the commission and wholesale
curring'an outlay of money. Our merchant and the broker.. We have,
plans were perfected for the -handling I think, overcome this and forced the
of last season's crop. We had our recognition today of the Farmers' Al-
bank, arrangements and warehouse fa- lance Exchange of Florida as having
cilities foir our cotton, which would a rating as a business enterprise,whose
have saved the membership thousands contracts are respected. Our business
'of dollars. is solicited and we are becoming
Arid again, you must bear in mind known not only in Florida, but all of
that 'we had to prepare for the bus- the large cities of the North.
iness, but rlirougl the exigencies of It is true that farmers individually
the fever our entire labor availed but and collectively are unknown, to the
little, and. our earnings must come business world; they have no rating
from nthe ,business you ..give the Ex- in -the business world, and we have
-change. Of course, if a membership found in some cases' our very name
fails to support its own, enterprise it was enough for some business men,
will die. A good cause seldom fails while others have become interested
-through the judiciousness of its en- and upon investigation of our organi-
lemies, but often through the.,injudi- zation have given us their cordial sup-
ciousness of its friends. .port and encouragement. There is
B\y referring to our orders for mer- no question but that the Exchange is
'.rder we received was for 15 cents, of Florida than ever before.
and the largest.for. $135.oc; rinearbl We would call your attention to
everyy orderwas for retail packages,and that part of Brother Cessna's report
the severest test put upon our Ex- relating to the handling of fruits and
-change was by the -membership re- vegetables. This is a subject that he
quiring us to purchase retail orders at is perfectly conversant with, and it
wholesale prices, to .purchase them was purposed to have him take charge
r-cheap enough so that ihey could pay of this departneit had not the. yellow
frei.lits and then buy for less than fever prevented. "
-.their retail merchants sold for at honme We have investigated closely the
cotton business and have found out 1i
iat our knowledge of it is very lim- a
ed; that the farmers know very. a
ttle of the ins and outs of. the bus- g
hess. We know one thing, we do c
ot get from one to three cents per
ound for our cotton that the manu- I
acturer pays for it, and we know that o
e pay from 25 to 5o per cent. ad- e
ance upon the manufacturer's price i
f manufactured goods. We have t
found, too, that the manufacturer is
ust as anxious to deal with us as we i
re to deal with him; that the men
rho stand next to him taxes him in s
he same way they tax us, and by
forming a connection with a manu-
acturer we could get an increased
*rice for our cotton, and buy our cal t
coes cheaper than under the present t
system, but as to whether we can t
nake this arrangement will depend
pon the effort every individual mem-
er puts forth.
We herewith append a letter re-
;eived from one of the largest cotton
firms in the United States. There are
ome valuable. suggestions made in
his letter, and while perhaps we may
aot be able for one, two,or even three
rears to deal directly with the manu-
acturer, yet this fact should make us
he more determined.
Again, to successfully meet the
ssue upon the cotton business, will
requiree quite an outlay of money or
capital and we think it would be bet-
er for us to use some strong and well
established cotton factory that will
furnish the necessary capital, even if
we have to pay a small commission,
ehan to attempt to raise the capital and
enter the fight alone. There are so
many obstacles to overcome. We
will have to convince the manufac-
turer that we are a business organi-
zation and that we are of sufficient
standing and responsibility that our
contracts will be carried- out before
he will be willing to deal with us,
and it will take time to do this.
Therefore, we think it would be wis-
dom upon our part to uise the cot-
ton factor. Of course, we must be
there in the office with the cotton
factor and see that everything is
carried on alleright and correct.,
We are prepared to make a limited
advance upon proper security in the
OUR BRANCH EXCHANGE.
It is a very important fact that if
we desire the greatest relief in this
line it will be necessary for us to es-
tablish some medium whereby the in-
dividual member can get his supplies
without dealing direct with our State
Exchange. Our past experience has
been that it is not attended with the
greatest benefits that should accrue
through our organization to permit
these individual orders. Therefore,
we have lectured, and presented to
the Order the system of Branch Ex-
changes, which, while they have their
local Board of Directors, are under
the entire control of the State Ex-
change in the purchasing of supplies
and marketing of products, and 'their
capital stock is a part of the capital
stock of our, State Exchange, and I
think it would be advisable to use the
larger part of our capital stock in these
Branch Exchanges. It would give
rating as though, we had our capital
invested in the bank here. We should
point a committee to draft a plan
nd by-laws for the establishment and
government of these Branch Ex-
By the formation of these Branch
Exchanges, and purchasing for cash
'nly, our State Exchange will be,
nabled to buy from first hands and
n sufficient quantities to command
he lowest possible prices.
We have too much money invested
n merchandise represented in, goods
ipon the shelves for which the con-
uming class are paying an enormous
interest. Every hundred dollars in-
vested requires interest, and as the
arming class constitute a large part of
he consuming class they must pay
he interest upon this. Therefore, in
he establishment of our Branch Ex-
changes we do not require a very
arge capital invested in a stock of
goods. It is far better for the indi-
vidual farmer to keep his money at
home and use it himself than to let the.
merchant invest it in merchandise and
charge him interest for it.
There are many farmers who have
money at interest, and we think it
would be the highest order of patriot-
ism for them to take their surplus cap-
ital and assist our poor members, who
are deserving, and when the latter can
give the proper security, or the same
as given to our local riercihanr. This
would keep our business within our
own ranks, and while the lender.would
receive his interest he wonid also be
benefited in protecting .his poorer
neighbor in the sale of his produce.
The nearer we can come towards
marketing the produce of all the far-
mers, the greater our success will be.
We do not think it wise to encour-
age an idea of speculation in the mem-
bership. Therefore, we should bear
in mind that our entire effort repre-
sented in this exchange system, both
State and Branch, is directed toward
economy in the purchase of supplies
and the sale of produce, and we should
give emphasis to this, and, make pro-
visions in our organic-law against any
kind of speculation.
The report shows but a small part
of the work that has been done by our
State Exchange., The, clerical work.
has been extremely heavy. There
have been received and answered fully
five thousand letters, and up-to the
time the fever broke out in this city
we were receiving and answering
about thirty letters per day.
You must remember that,there were
but two officials in our office to do all
the business beside the the clerical
work. We have issued and sent .out
five circular letters, and upon this sub-
ject I would call your special- atten-
We must have some means of reach-
ing our membership other than
through the public print. We think
there.is no other medium equal to the,
system of circular letters, and this
should be kept up and provision made
for same so that they willabe issued at
regular intervals, and as we have
stated in our message to the State Al-
liance, each Sub-Alliance in the State
should have.a certain day for meeting
so that this information could reach
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH JA1~tIARY 27 18S9
In my official position as Manager
of the Exchange I have taken trips to
New Orleans, Atlanta, St. Louis,
New York and Texas, and have spent
some time while under quarantine in
ecturing through Levy, Alachua,
Bradford, Suvannee, Columbia, Mad-
ison, Jefferson, Gadsen, Jackson,Wash-
ington and Calhoun counties. With
a few minor exceptions I have found
the membership alive to the import-
ance of our Exchange, and more de-
termined than ever before to make our
movement a success.
We refer you to the report of Broth-
er Massey, who was employed in the
capacity of lecturer and assistant of
the Exchange work. We must speak
of the efforts of this noble and self-
sacrificing brother; he has given to
the people of Florida the very best
efforts of his life, and all -for the good
of the Alliance. No man in this State
has done more to promote our organi-
zation and further the plans for our
well being than Brother Massey,
though each Director has done his
whole duty to the best of his ability
and has served in his individual ca-
pacity as truly and willingly as any
one could, and to their efforts and the
assistance rendered by them is largely
due the success we have attained so
far. While perhaps we have com-
mitted mistakes that you would not
'have done, yet you must not forget
that it is a new business tq the Direc-
tors and to the Trustee Stockholders,
and to members at large, and our Or-
der to-day can profit by the mistakes
of the past and govern itself accord-
ingly in the future, and we can there-
by turn our errors to good account.
Remember also that your leaders
are entitled to your confidence and
trust so long as they hold an official
position. Whene. er they become in-
competent, you should remove them
without delay, and- bear in mind that
our only strength is in unity.
Frequently, the details of a move
cannot be given to the membership as
the delay in doing this would defeat
the end to be gained. For instance:
Your business manager knows that
coffee will advance within a certain
time; by buying a large quantity, thous-
.ands of dollars can be saved. To
send this out to the member-.hip and
ask whether to purchase or not would
occasion such delay as would lose us
the advantage. All you want is coffee
through the Exchange at 15 cents per
pound, that your local merchant
would charge you 20 cents for.'
If you will give our Exchange one-
half the trust and confidence that you
repose in the local merchant, our.
plan.; will succeed, and I- trust that
the Trusit.e Stockholders of this meet-
ing will evolve some plan whereby
the membership can keep posted and
be required to do their "duty as well as
the o'icers. -
OUiR BRANCH EXCHANGES.
We have reports of the establish-
ment of .the following Branch Ex-
Suowannee Countv Branch Ex-
change, at Lie Oak, R. F. Allison,
Business Manager; R. F. Rogers,
President; C. H. Brinson, Secretary;
Capital Stoqk, $50,000; $1,500 paid
Alachua County Branch Exchange,
at Gainesville, W. D. Dickinson, Busi-
ness Manager; W. K. Cessna, Presi-
dent; J. J. Godwin, Secretary; about
Bradford County Branch Exchange,
at Lake Butler, A. J. McKinney,
Business Manager. About $1,000
raised. This Exchange is in opera-
High Springs Branch Exchange, at
High Springs, W. F. Hughey, Bus-
iness Manager; John Vidian, Pres-
ident; C. W. Stroble, Secretary. $570
Levy County Branch Exchange, at
Bronson, William Gomm, Business
Manager; William Watt, President;
J. D. Clyatt, Secretary. This Ex-
change is in operation also, and the
others will be after this week.
By a close calculation the Business
Manager of Levy County reports a
saving of $25,000 to the members
and $45,000 to the county at large
for the past year of 1888.
JACKSONVILLE, Jan. 18, 1889.
We have a Branch Exchange at
Rock Bluff, on Suwannee river,.
Alachua county. Capital stock $5,-
oo000 cash, paid in $8oo; and I have
not heard it represented in the State
Exchange yet. Please, sir, do so.
* Managers-J. H. Waters, Colum-
bus Sikes, W. C. Lindsey, E. D.
We wish you to take notice of this if
you think proper. We wish to be
recognized in the State Exchange.
Please give this a thought.
J. H. WATERS, Treasurer.
W. C. LINDSEY, Secretary.
money could be made out of it.
Correspondents will please write on
one side, with lines far apart, and it is
always best not to break a word on
the end of a line.
We prefer short communications.
On important subjects, write numbers
not exceeding one thousand words for
each. We are crowded with corre-
Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Con- spondence and wish all to have a
vention at Ocala.
Editor Florida Dispatch and Farmer and
On the 2nd inst. a considerable
number of prominent orange growers
met at Tallahassee and went before
the Railroad Commission to resist the
application of the railroads for an in-
crease of freights.
The hearing before the Commission-
er and certain unjust and illegal acts
on the part of the railroads convinced
the growers present that it was abso-
lutely necessary for the fruit and veg-.
etable growers of the Sate to unite and
organize for their mutual aid and pro-
A, committee was raised to invite
all the fruit and vegetable -growers of
the State to meet in con mention at
Ocala on the 6th of February, to or-
ganize and take such action as they
might think proper.
The undersigned, as Secretary of
the Committee, was directed to give
the most extended notice of such
meeting. Cheap rates to visit the Ex-
position can be obtained on that date
(Feb. 6th) and all fruit and vegetable
growers or shippers in the State, in
view of the vital importance of the
meeting, are urged to be pre-'ent in
showing, which cannot be given .un-
less this rule is followed.
Send clear, clean copy to insure in-
The Tea Question.
We read in the Detroit Grocer and
Trade Reporter that "S. B. Sinclair, of
the firm of Sinclair, Evans & Elliott,
of Detroit, leaves today (Saturday) for
a trip to Japan, where he will take a
much-needed rest and at the same
time inform himself in regard to tea
culture. This is the first time in all
his business career that Mr. Sinclair
ever took up his grip and said, "Here
goes for pleasure." He intends to be
gone about six months."
Many of our readers have interest-
ed themselves in. the tea-growing
question in Florida. Perhaps Mr.
S. B. Sinclair may be able on his re-
turn from distant Japan, to assist our
peninsula to another agricultural in-
-All hail the mail man- with the-
mail, when it brings us joy and glad-
ness, but sorrowful indeed are we,
when it fills us full of sadness;
-It takes genius to capture the in-
tellect and soul to capture the :heart.
PEERLESS AYES Are the B1ECS9
PEERiLESS DYE& SLD BY DRUGGISTS.
PECK'S PATENT IMPlOVED CUSHIONED EAR DRUMS.
pnBocoty Rnnong TBE BEARiNG and perform the work of th&
natural drum. Invisible; comfortable and always in portion. AIL
conversation nd even whispers heard distinctly v. Send for illustrate&-
book with testimonial, FR E. Address or c1l qo F. HISCOX0
853 Broadway, New York. Mention thiW n"o--.
The improriance of purifying the blood can-
not t'o .rveneitimr.it-d, for without pure.
bl,:'od you cainuot en)j:.y giocid health.
At tuls sea.-n rienily every one needs a
god rutdriCce to prify,. vitalize, and enrich
mLe blood. and Hord'i Sarsapartlla is worthy
y.ur :rnfid, ric-e. It is peculiar m that it.
srrEngthei anrd builds up the ,ystem.ereates
an aprpelite, and tones the digestion, while.
it r-rrdi'cates disea-e. Give it atrial. :
Hocd's Sarsaparnlla it sold tyail druggists.
Prepared by C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass.
100 Doses One Dollar
person, or by their representatives,
and take part in its deliberations.
W. M. BENNETT, Secretary.
Okahumpka, Lake Co., Fla.
In every grocery store in the State
that keeps a line of goods on hand,
can be found pepper sauce in bottles
put up at the North where the pepper
plant has to be cultivated with great
care, while it grows wild in some parts
of our State. Why is it, when the
pepper is easily raised here by the
bushel, that instead of putting up first
class pepper sauce for our markets,
we send North and pay thousarfds of
dollars for it annually. It is simply
because we do not take the trouble
to do so. Planting, picking, and
bottling could be done to a large ex-
tent by children under the supervision
of their parents. Who will go into
it to supply our home markets, that
could easily be well peppered by our
own people. A nice little pile of
He who wins both has a big prize to-
dazzle in his crown.
-Assumed dignity has killed,
buried, and epitaphed many a news-
paper, and so has mechanically pre--
Th5 Topical Agriculturist.
We have received a number of this.
journal, published at Colombo, Cey-.
lon. It contains 431 pages of reading
matter, and is quite an accession to
our stock of Agricultural journals..
It is published by A. M. and J. Fer-
The Florida Truth.
We have received the first number-
of this neat eight-page paper, pub-
lished at Tarpon Springs, Fla.,month-
ly, at 25 cents per year. We wish it.
"We Point with Pride."
To the "Good name at home," won by Hood's
Sarsaparilla. In Lowell, Mass where it is
prepared, there is more of Hood's Sarsapa-
rilla sold than of all other medicines, and it
has given the best of satisfaction since its in-
troduction ten years ago. This could not l e-
if the medicine did not possess merit. If you
suffer from impure blood, try Hood's Sarsa-
parilla and realize its peculiar curative power.
New crop Peas and Beans, choice
Seed Potatoes, California Alfalfa,
German Millet, Italian Rye Grass. A.
full line of fresh and reliable Gardein
Seeds. WILLIAM A. BOURS,
20 W. Bay Street.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
JANUARY 27 1889
THE PLORIDA DISPATCH
For the FLnRIDA DISPATCH tenderer. They are never tender, at
McCartney Hedge Rose Plants. least in the South.
Editor Florid', Dipat, ht:
Will you kindly allow, even at -this Also, bulbous appeared in the arti-
late date, corrections for article ap- cle where the writer was speaking of
pearing some months since on "Mc- the callus, which is always formed on
Cartney Roses from Cuttings." At the end of a cutting before the roots
that time we were not receiving mai put forth. The word bulbous, in
at this post-office from Jacksonville on that connection, makes no sense
account of fever; hence the writer did Perhaps the words were not plain-
not see the paper to correct it at the ly written. If that were not .the
It was intended to say: Cuttings
should be made, when convenient,
from old plants, though of the current
year's growth, because the branches
of the first and second year are usually
more slender (instead of tenderer) than
on older hedges.
It gives a wrong impression to say
reason it would be no wonder if great-
er errors than these had crept in. The
greatest wonder is that so creditable a
paper could be sustained through
such an ordeal as it was passing
through. Yours truly,
[ M. ONEILL.
Fairbanks, Fla., January 8, 1889.
Do you suffer with catarrh? You can be
cured if you take Hood's Sarsaparilla, the
great blood purifl r Sold y all druggists.
ORANGES SOLD BY AUCTION.
WILL HOLD FIRST- AUCTION SALE FRIDAY, FEBRUARY I, 1889.
All our readers must be convinced that a"home market" we must have for Florida products. When A. S. Mann, of Hernando, came to ad-
vocate an auction for the sale of oranges in Jacksouville, the DISPATCH wished him success, but declined to advise its readers to patronize the
same until such time as Mr. Mann would give evidence of a successful start. This he was not long in doing, and prices steadily advanced un-
til we, at the close of the season, witnessed Florida oranges selling in Jacksonville for over $5.o0 per box, and began to wonder what the real
value of Florida oranges would get to be under this system, which induced rivalry among the buyers and took the place of the old system of
consignment, which placed one man's fruit in rivalry with that of his neighbor, saying nothing of the dishonett commission merchant.
Buyers flocked into the State, going even to the groves, and the golden crop produced golden returns, and none of them "in bad order." The
grower sold his fruit, and when the buyer got it he paid the cash. There was no long waiting with a frequent-"Fruit arrived in bad order"
-"Please remit to pay freight," etc. The fruit at auction or private sale was bought usually to fill an order, and went direct to the legitimate
middle man who placed it before the consumer. The dealers throughout the land supply their customers' wants, and in oranges as in other
things, if our people will only hold back the crop, the dealer is compelled to come here and buy. This, we realized, would be the- case, but
we felt that a positive loss must follow such a radical change. Our readers remember that it was accomplished last season, however, producing
a great increase in prices, that steadily and firmly advanced to the close of the season.
The auction system requires thorough organization, as good prices depend upon competition. Owing to quarantine regulations the man-
ager of the orange auction says in the early part of the season this was impossible, but that he will be ready for business and ,old. the _risr' adhc-
tion Friday, the first day of February. He is of the opinion that shipments ought to cease for a few weeks so that the ,market for fruit might
improve, :as all the large cities show poor sales. He feels sure that fruit ought to be ready sale at nearly double present prices, if the supply
did not, as it seems to have done, exceed the derrand. Why rush forward the crop to sacrifice it? Hold for good prices. When auction
was first attempted---y Mr. Mann and his associates-most of the large growers predicted a failure and sacrifice of fruit. It is said "nothing
beats success," and to-day all advocate auction.. In Florida several firms were organized, and many of the large cities of the North sell by
auction. Before the success of auction in Jacksonville it was thought New York had a monopoly on this business; to-day this is changed, and
all agree that it is expensive and ruinous to ship perishable products to the buyer. The buyer had better come to the products, when lie can
buy both quality and quantity to suit his trade. In conclusion we publish extracts from a letter published in- the Times-Union November ist,
1888, in which the able journalist and extensive grower of oranges, Major G. R. Fairbanks, in pointing out the advantages of auction of fruit
in New York, states the prices were high, "far in excess of the prices we in Florida get for citrus fruits" Again he says:. '"The question
I naturally asked myself was why, if the foreign fruit-producers can obtain such results by sales at auction for their fruit in this market, is not
this method of selling the fruit equally as advantageous to the Florida fruit-grower?" Last season's experience compared with this
one so far, and ever so many seasons before, bear testimony showing that consignment will not do, and that Major G. R. Fairbanks is right.
This gentleman, pursuing the subject, says: "I confess I was andam unable to see any reason why what is good for them is riot good for us.
To denounce and rail at selling fruit at auction is no argument in face of facts." Again he says: "Why should there be any-
thing different in the result of the auction whether the fruit comes from Florida or Radi or Valencia, or other foreign countries? Why
- should not all the evils charged upon the ancio0u system as to Florida fruit:, apply to them also? If there is any difference it must be
owing to the want of concentratir:n of our fruits in this channel, and that, -of course,'is under our control. The fact is, the auction
plan has gained favor in the estimation of the fruit-gro-wers of Califirnia and Florida, and is likely, in the future, to be the principal
mode "of selling fruits of all kinds. : In relation to consignment he says: "We, as orang'e-growers, should not expect commission
men to form a plan ofl selling fru't, which conflicts with their business; they will take care of themselves, and we must take care of ourselves.
Their interests and ours do not necessarily run in the same groove.
The importance of these utterances will be better appreciated by the growers when they realize that 1lajor G. R Fairbanks has been the
President of the Fruit Exchange for years, its principal business being by co:n-ignnment-and heretofre bitter opponents of the -orange
auction. The DisATrcH believes in a home market for all our products, and Jacksonville is the market. The world of dealers are in-
vited to come and bu\.
\Ve. in closing this article, wish tc say that unless Our fruit and vegetablee men stand solidly together and organize, the enemies to the plan,
friends of the old system, ill in the interest of si.,i"c ,.'ivni:'ss."o,: nue', even ehl-ect to believe in auction, and pretend to give it a trial. Say they
will do business by auction, etc., etc. Now it must be plain to every one .f -yu that if several c.'oncerns :,'rer oranges in Jacksonville by auc-
tion, your fruit, and that of your neighbors come in competition, in fact the same results as by consignment will rllow. you are made to cut
each other throats. \\e would advise that the auction company giving us such _splendid result last year be give` n assistance to organize and be
patronized, and int case rival parties seek to divide us and pull them down for tlie pr.o'fit there is in it. Reimembering our own interests we
must organize. \We must take an interest in :ur neiglboir, hold meetings, discuss the situation fully, and take our word lor it, another year
our :range crop will sell as ,vell. if not better than it did last year. Vegerable rmen have the same e,'ils to contend ith. The Orange and
Vegetable Auction xwill handle vegetables also. The Fi-OirE.A DISPATCH-FARMER AND FrLLIT GROWER wishes them success and will help in the
Jou'ARY 27 1889
JA-TifA'P~~~~~~~y 2189TEEF IADSTC
Care of the Scrub Cow. ly that-there is a limit, beyond which
Will it pay to give the scrub cow as there would be no additional profit.
good care as is given to the thorough- The way to do is to test.the matter by
bred? asks a correspondent. It would keeping an account with the cow.
depend upon the cow. If the cow is ----- -
the scrubbiest of scrubs, one that has Does Experience Count?
no merit in her at all, it will not pay It does, in every line of business, and es-
to fool away time with her. The pecially in compounding and preparing med.
Saay me w er icines. This is Illustrated in the great superi-
question as asked can hardly be an-. oit.yof Hood's Sarsaparilla over other prepa-
swered. We naturally take a good rations, as shown ly the remarkable cures it
deal of care of a thoroughbred, and has accomplished.
we must, for if we do not she will soon The head of the firm of C. I. Hood & Co, is
show the effect of the neglect. N a thoroughly com-elent and experienced
show the effect of the neglect. NOW pharmacist, having devoted his whole' tile to
to say that it would pay to give the the study and actual preparation of medi-
cines. Lie is also a member of the Massachu-
ordinary scrub the best and most ex- setts and 1 meri. an Ph rmaceutical Associa-
ncie -are is ring a goorid waysr tionis. and continues actively devoted to su-
pensive care, is going a goo. ways, pervisingthe pieparati,,n of and managing
when as a matter of fact, hundreds of the business connected with Hood's Sarsapa-
them would not pay a cent of profit Hence the superiority and peculiar merit of
under any circumstances. Any ani- tHood's Sasaparlla is built upon the most
... .e. n a substantial foundation. In its p eparation
mal, however, should have fair care, I te'e is represented all the knowledge which
shelter and plenty to eat If the modern research in medical science has de-
selter, an plenty to a. it veloped, combined with long experience,
scrub had received better care she brain-work, and experiment. It I. only nec-
b, t o B .t. i l.i s-ary to gi e this medicine a fair trial to re-
would be a better cow. But it is like- (aliz-. its great curattxe value.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH
'[JANuARY 28, 1889
This powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength and wholesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and can-
not be sold in competition with the multi-
tude of low test, short weight alum or phos-
phate powders. Sold only/ in cans ROYAL
BAKING POWDER Co., 10 Wall Street, agH
"NEW ENGLAND GROCER'S"
UNITED STATES HOTEL,
BEACH STREET, BOSTON,
Thursday Evening, August 9th, 1880,
AT 7 O'CLOCK, P. lM.
ADMIT MR. CHAS. W. DACOSTA.
.305 BRAIN TESTER!
Sealed Pint Jrof common white beans
will. be opened March' 20, 1889, the beans
counted, and $305 in CASH given FREE to
subscribers, viz.: for the first correct, (orl
most nearly correctly guess. $100; second,
O$50; third, $25; fourth, $10; lifth, $5; to
each of the next 115 best, $1. Each guesser
must send 80 cents for three months' trial
subscription to the "old reliable" FARsuma
WORLD, now in its tenth year, and name
A paper in which this offer was noticed. No
BE N attention to dead-beat gouessers. We will
publish names and addresses of prize win.
ners. Quick-time is money. THEFA1115IN5
WOaLD, Cincinnati. Ohio.
T h0a Blrok IlnSHCtiifo,
A SURE PREVENTATIVE OF THE ORANGE RUST
IF PROPERLY APPLIED.
Fqually effective for the removal of the scale
and fungus giowlh, and other insects In-
infecting trees,- plants and fruit.
PRICE 10 CENTS PER POUNsD.
Ten pounds sufficient for '10 gallons of water
to be sprayed upon the trees.
Tne Nixon Niel'' a Machine (.'s iraying
MaLLc iiie arc- the Best in the world
Price of the LITTLE GIANT, delivered
in Jacksonville, $836.00.
E. BEAN, State Agent,
30. 3 .j 1%
Commission Merchant and Fowarder,
S. 67 West Bay Street,
JACKSONVILLE, -. FLA.
PACKINo Hou.E-E-Ja, k".a-.ille, -san MAlaeo,
Oranges. Lemons. Strawberries. other Fruits
and eeg-',blek, picsed snippe.'d :nd soldl.
Relleftle cnrie.nondrenc. irn all tue prlu'il-
ple cateirSol thne United irate. .
GRO:W'-ER'_ S PF LtEe3-.Oran5r. Rox.-et, Hoops.
Orange Wraps. Laldders tev'en's Sczrs,,
Ora ,ee Clips. etc.. el-t,
101. Ton3 Canada Hardwood Ahbes, Un-
lea&bed. Pure nunn Dry.
Tne Chespest and Best Ferillizers for
Orange Trees in u-.e.
Agent for Ihe Southern Refrigerators for
the Lransr.ortation :,,f trawberrin s.
Perfect Music Books
for CHOIRS, for CLASSES, for CON-
VENTIONS, are perhaps impossible--but
DITSON & CO.'S matchless books bre just
on the line.
EMERSON'S EAsYY ANTEMS, (S0 at.,, $7.20
per dozen)--quite new--givelabout one for
each Sunday In the year, and are full of
grace and beauty.
SONG HARMiONY, (60 cts., $6 per doz.) by L. 0.
Emerson, is a new and very "perfect" book
for singing Classes, perhAps the .best of a
lung series of books by the same author.
THE GRADED SINGING Ce HOOL, (50 cts., $4.50
per doz.) by D. F. Hodges, is a sensible,
practical method, by a very sensib e, prac-
tical teacher, and is fully furnished
with good material for successful work.
JEHOVAH'S PRAISE, ($1, or $9 per dozen)' by
L. O. Emerson, is a full size Church Music
Book, with a large number of Anthems and
Tunes for Choirs, also GleeS, P .rt-Songs,
and a multitude of melodious exercises for
TE1iPrE CHIMEs, (86 cts, $3.60 doz.) by Evan-
gelist Luther, just published, is a very su-
perior collection of New Gospel Songs, of
Hymes and Tu es.
PRAISE IN ONG--(40 cts., $4.20 per doz.) by
L. 0. an I E. U. Emerson, is a new Sunday
School and Praise Book, full of uncom-
monly good music and hymns. A very"per-
feet" book for vestry singing.
Any book mailed for retail price.
OLIVER:DITSON & GO.. Boston.
C. El. DITSON & Co., 267 Broadway, N. Y.
TICKS, SCAB. MANGE, all
parastioal troubles, all skin
S disorders are eured by THOMO-
CRESOL (The Cold-Water Dip).
Non-poisonous; safein coldest
weather. Col. W. D. CURTisof
Rirbjy=Oaestead, says: "I have used it for
some years, for p rasites upon Bogs, Cattle and
Sheep), and I havefolund it roughly effectual
and satisfaetorW." Imported only by f. W.
LAWF'OI-tD & CO., itailtimore, Bi7d.
Sample by mail, 50 cents. Mention this
AND FERTILIZING CO. I'
Delivered f.o. b. c rs at Jacksonville in
kbsolutely Pure Ground Bone at ... $12 (10
Orange Tree Manure at ..... ...... 31.0'1
Ammonia 4 percent.; phosphate acid 12
per cent.; potash 8 per cent. factual.)
range Tree Manure (young trees)....$4.003
Ammonia 5 to 6 per cent.; phosphate
acid 12 per cent.; potash 3 per cent.
sulphate Potash (50 per cent. basis) $83.00
Superphosphates, Fish Guano, Chemi-
cals, etc. .
Buy goods of highest possible grade di-
rect fr.m manufacturers, thereby saving
freight and heavy commissions.
B. C. DRINKER.,
Bloomsburgh, Penn. ,
For the Next 40 Days.
The Following Classes and Varieties of
Trees are Offered at Special Prices.
PEACH TiREs--Peen-To Honey and Pallas.-
1st size8.per 1; per ; $70 ill per l,00; 2d size
*7.t0 pe 10, 86..0, 0 perl 1,000.,
PEAR BES--Le Conte and Keiffer, 2 years
heavily branched, $18.10 pee 100; $160.0u per
PPL.U TBEES--Kelsey, Chabot, Simonli,
Long-fruit, Iasu and other JAPAN varie-
ties, 4 feet and over, $15.00 bper 100.
PLUi TaiEs--Wild Goose and Marianna, 2
ft rr In i no lll)
TUG mas nedrs for Orao Too, Vf otliBos iM fllck.
Letter from 1Messrs. J. R. Tysen & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
JACKSONVILLE, July 28, 1888.
The .fapes Formula and Peruvian Guauo Co.;
GENTS-In reply to your inquiry of the 23d inst., about shipments of stock, we would say
that the Truck-raisers who have used the Mapes Manures this year have realized better re.
turns than were ever known befure,and we are expecting an unexampled demand for next sea-
son. As you have observed, oursales during the past twelve month- areifar in advance of any
other year, caused to a considerable extent, we think, by the Exhibition at the office of the
"Sub-Tropical" of some of the finest specimens of vegetables, particularly Cabbages, ever
seen in this or any other State, and these were grown exclusively with the'Mapes Manures on
some of our poorest soil. Some of the Cabbages were simply amazing for size and solidity. .
Some of the notable features of the Truck grown with the Mapes Vegetable Manure are
their superior eating and shipping qualities, which enables the producers and shippers to
realize the very highest market prices. We shall need but very little Peruvian Guano, but'
shall, in addition to a large Vegetable supply, need our usual supply of the Mapes Orange
Tree Fertilizers, more especially of Fruit and Vine- sales of which advanced more than fifty
per cent. last season.' Yours very truly. J. R. TYSEN & JO.
REPORTS ON PRACTICAL RESULTS.
Good Enough for the Omaha Syndicate.
J.. A. BEVERLY, General Manager of the Omala Syndicate, who are now clearing
fifty 10-acre groves, writes from Yellow Bluff, Fla., September, 18S7, as follows:
I use the Manes Fertilizeas for Orange Trees. It is good enough for me, and my .neigh-
bors, Mr. S. E. Rogers and Gen. W. W. Lowe, of Omaha, Neb., and Mr. E. R. Davis, ofLitch-
field, Ill. We all uLe
The Healthiest Grove at Pierson.
C. F. PIERSON, Pierson, Fla., September, 1887, sends us the following statement:
I have had eleven years' experience in Orange culture, and have had the pleasure of see-
ing and using the Mapes Manures, with scores of -other brands, and can truthfully say-that
the Mapes is by far the best I have had the charge of a number of Orange Groves, and have
fifteen acres of my own, and for the last three years have used no fertilizer but tae Mapqs.
My grove to day has a full crop, and is the healthiest in the place. I do not expec i 1.:. 6 nd it
better fertilizerfor young nursery trees than the Mapes Orange Tree Manure. I h :e ar,oul.
20,000 trees in nursery, and have tested its merits faithfully, and the result is good-perfect.
Better Besults than Ever Jefore, -
DR. G. WV. LANCASTER, DeLand, Fla., December 18,1883, wrl es:
"The Mapes Manures, particularly the Fruit and Vine Manure for Orange Groves, did
better in this'locality the past season than ever before. In fact, they gave splendid satisfac-
tion to all that used them." Send for pamphlet to J. 151. MUIR'-HY, Anclote, lla.-
Cypress Tanks, R. R. Tanks,
The Proprietor manufactures all sizes of
first-class Cypress Tanks, Erects Wind-mills,
Railroad Tanks a Specialty.
He goes to any part of the State, and to ad-
joining States. Call upon or address
A. L. JONES,
Norton's Insurance Agency.
Represents the Hartford and Orient compa-
nies, of Hartford, 'Lonn., the Continental
Niagara and German-Ameri-asr. of New
York, the. Providence WaNhorinlon, the St.,
Paul, F. and M., the Imperial, of London,'
the Travelers, of Hartford, and the Eqdita-
ble Life s-a.ira.i:- Asoe. sielation, which, in
1887did a busine-s of .1 S,' 0",:".
M1" I :E3 L-. D>
P. F. WILSON, Gainesville, Fla.
I carry the most complete line of Seeds of
any house In Florida.
Send for my Catalogue.
EErES DYnEee avre Are the BEST.
.EERLESS DYESIo SoaL DaReUSa.
Cassava Seed Cane
FOR SALE BY
Five hundred feet and less 2 cts. per foot.
More than 500 feet, 1 1-2 ots. per foot.
On lots of 5,000 feet or more the price
will :oe still further reduced.
'Glen St, Mary or M'Clenny.
.yea,I e, I ,... ..... .. t. ,. = ,, PULE TON &CO.'Proprietors, Monticellb,Fla.
STRAWBEBRiRa--Eluofftan, Charles, Dowp.- .Jaclsonville, Fla I.ernle and Kelffir Pears for QHle In large
aig, t1 loner, MouaIr.:li oIl tb West, Sharp- tqIantOlls laI a reduced rate for season of
less anc W llsns, iv3 ii' per 1,1i.l.1. 1a-'i; als i a general nureerv stock Pracb,
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE Grapes,.Kelsey Plutis, Apples and Pears on
N.B.--These prices hold good only if the X ..Le'onte stock. Figs, Porn-lgranates, Japan
quoarltitieS pecifled areorderedatone time. Bet nillk-produinie. i:,ood ,r.,wn; i.1i,4. .e'-t Persimmons, Pecanp, Kolb's UPmn Water-
Inaddltion to the above .we offer a very mlAt,ired eEd can, u i pcr lui- i'el ; I[ per melon Seed, ete., etc. Send fOorcaialogue
large stock of other varieties of friit ;trees, I,i""l feet f o ,',re. 4 pulrD, pac,'l"a (.-1 Iet) Address, PULESTON 0 Proprietors.
grape vines, evergreens, roses, flowering permral. row g-e pr:pa.id 7..; Iwn, paelikag n cello, Fla
shrubs,, greenhouse and bedding plants at 1 *2.5 rirecitiorn fi.r r.larling and ciilUbn:..-
catalogue prices. Address a ,cm.'., n : .-a,'ti torer ;.irj ihirhn, r..i. CASSiA VA ad AMNE
''P. J:. BERCKMANS, paper various wa.v Ir pl..raring and usin g
same Packed and delivered F. 0 B 41 5', per (100
Frultiand Nurseries, Shipments by mail will not be -ent out un- feet, t12per i,.0 feet. All Sound, well rip-
Jnuary-21.1', A .Us~uu. G. lil tone ,o nlant, but. orders and money for ended wood. "Address
irnie h.'.uid be s, nt early to be sure of seed.
PEERLESS DE Are Ihie P,-UT. Plani fros., Febriarylst to March 31st. Ad- JA VIEW .IURSIERIJES,
-EEL-S SE LE.i fiaVr.iauI7,. dreA, 1 l. MABBETTE, Kissimmee, Fla. Bay View, Fla.
EEL-1r--- --- --
JANUARY 28 1889.1
THE PLORIDA DISPATCH.
DEER ISLAND NURSERIES,
OAKLAND, ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
Growers of General Nursery Stock. Send for Catalogue.
Address A. E. CHAMPLIN, Manager, Oakland, "Fla.
W. W. HAV.WK t N4 &c SONS,
PROPRIETORS OF THE
L...a1e.e G-eorge 1NTurserles .
Wish to call attention to the fact that they have. the genuine Riverside or Washington Na-
vel Orange, budded directly from one of the finest groves in Riverside, California. We have
Mb yo earbnuds carrying from five to eight handsome specimens of the fruit. We have two
flne varieties of the Blood Orange, the Maltese Blood and the Round Sweet Blood. They are
both extra fine fruit. We also have the two best varieties of early oranges, the Centennial
and Parson Brown. Also, the Jaffa, the variety which took the first prize at, the South Flor-"
ida Exhibition last February. We have a full line of other citrus varieties; also other Fruit
and Ornamental Trees. Catalogue free on application.
.W. W. HAWKINS & SONS, Lake George, Fla.
KELS7Y AND OTHER ORIENTAL PLUMS
JA.PAN P:E.ERSIM1MONS ON NATIVE BOOTS.
Also a full line of Nursery Stock of the most choice varieties adapted to Florida.
R II. BUBRR, Proprietor, Bartow, Polk County, Fla.
THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
ARE ALWAYS TO THE FRONT and lead In low prices on strictly first-class -took.
We make the cultivation of the Citrus family a sped ilty, and our supply is immense. The
growing demand for. Ornamental Shrubbery has induced us to add to this line a rare and
choice collection, such as promise to be a perfect success i this climate. Tropical Fruits of
all kinds, including everything In the miscellaneous fruit, list, can be furnished on short no -
tice .,... Send for Descriptive Catalogue and Price List to
E. H. TISON. Business Manager,
Lakeland, Polk Co.. Fia.
CLEAR WATER NURSERY,
Clear Water Harbor, Hlillsboro Co., Fla.
DUNOAN BROS', Nurserymen and Florists.
1 (100,000) one hundred thousand trees in stock. Greenhouse and shade harbors for propa-
Iation. Wehave a full line of fine Citius, Oriental andDeciduous Stocks, Tropical and Semi-
Tropical Fruits, Plants, Ornamentals, etc. Everything for Florida. Send for Illustrated
Lemons! Lemons!! Genuine Navels.
ORDER NOW, before our stock of Villa Franca Lemons is out. We have just sold 7,600
of this choicest of all Lemons for Fall delivery, but have some left. Our bearing Lemons
are loaded. We shall ship in July and August and publish results in the "Dispatch."
We have also a beautiful lot of the GENUINE Washington Navels, budded from one of
the ORIGINAL TREES we received from Washington nine years since. Also most all
other varieties of Orange, Lemon and Lime. .
The Double Imperial Navel and the Atwood's Seedless Navel we now offer for the first time
to the Florida Orange Growers. We shall ave for Fall and Winter delivery a few hundred
of each of these varieties KEDNEY & CAREY, Winter Park, Fla.
Budded Orange and Peach Trees a Specialty.
ORANGE TREES READY FOR BEARING.
Other Nursery Stock adapted'to Florida, all Florida grown. Fine everblooming Roses, ete
S. W. LIPSEY, Manager, Citra, Marion Co., Fla.
1YMANVIT LE IVTURSEIIES
50,000 Orange Tree Buds from I to 3 years old.
The Celebrated King. Tangerine, Washington, Navel, and all the leading varieties.
10,000 Lemon, Villa Francha, Sicily, and Ever Bearing .
-,000 Japan Persimn ons, assorted varieties. -Also Peach, Pear, Plum, Black and English
Walnuts, Kumquats, Figs, Olive, Camphor 'Irees, etc.
rite for price list and catalogue. P. O. Box 46.
F. 8. CONE, Proprietor,
CRESCENT CITY, FLA
SHELL POND NURSERIES.
SA largestockorthe beat Peaches for Florida. ripening from May to middleof nOctober.
An unusually largeand fthe stock of Ke n-Ty Plums. one and two years old.
The Blood or Saluma, a new and the largest and finest of the Japan Plums.
LeConte Pears from bearing trees, and four kinds of dellcloui Oprolld and hardy Figs.
Corre-pondence sollclted for large orders. Send for Circular.
JAMES. P. D. PASS. Archer. Fla.
SOUTH FLORIDA NURSERIES.
Blxy thousand choice Oraijnge, Lemon and LimeTrii.s for ale. Ten thousand fine Florida
grown Peach Trees, o the Honey and Pen-To varletle; also two newr varieties. Hybridsof
Honey and Peen-To, named by nsChinese King and iChln..se Queen. ThieChinese Kite
ripenal May. The Queen rpens three w.ceks later than Honey. Our evernin bearing orange
wU give you ripe fruit the ear round. We ba'e the genuine Wahinciton Nael sent to u6
fre rom Wahington ig discount on large orders.
C. H. PELTON, Inanaler,
SUNSET HILL NURSERY
wilb practllcal hints to beginners, IF worth sending for It contaln; valuable Inforruatlon to
all, with a lIL 01f ail [he choicecst vwarlele. of l[b cltris family crocn. Peaches,
PearF, Piun., A prtlc FsersirrnioL, Grsr pes snd oih..l i in' ibjpiT..: to tlue
climate 01of FlI'rldr Our lrwek i gown rb hbg pinf l:.ir,.Jfijlt Is oae o01 the rir,st and lar-
t in the _Sta.. .T IS BROWNN 10 -ELL. If ANY ONE ,.AN SUIT YOU, W\E CAN
rTeryone "r.u .U a'%eour a5blcgic. Free ,otn apliaiuurn. joj'i .1 oyder nfne for one
i. 'D. riR1 7. r, ldial p -ppcivga. Labe (olui.ul.
S AVAN NA.H L
TIME -0 "
53 to 55 HOURS .
savannah, New York
nd between Boston
snd. Savannah "
.5 to 70 HOURS
Ocean Steamship Company.
(Central or 90 Meridian Time)
Pa is a g e a tes :
between Jacksonville and New York, 1st class $25.60; Intermediate 819.00; F xcursion.-48.50
Jacksonville and Boston, Ist- lass $25.C0; E 8cursion $4 .50; Intermediate $19.Of Sleciage 812.50.
THE Magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
[Central or 900 Meridian Time.]
NACOOCHEE, Capt. Kempton ......................... ...... Wednesday,'Jan. 2- 6.00 p. m
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Smith ... ..............................-.Friday, Jan. 4-- 7.30 a. m
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher....................................... Monday, Jan. 7-10.00 a." m
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. J. W. Catharine.....................Wednesday fan. 9- 12.00. m
CHATIAHOOCHEE, Capt. Daggett.................................Friday, Jan.11- 1.30 p. m
NACOOCHEE, Capt. Kempton'....................................... Monday, Jan. 14- 4.00 p. m
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Smith..........................Wednesday, Jan. 16- 500. p. m
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher....................................... Friday, Jan. 18- 6.30 p. m
CITY OF AUGUST k, Capt. J. W. Catharine..................Monday, Jan. 21- 8.80 p. m
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Daggett.......................... Wednesday, Jan 23-- 10.00 a. m
NACOOCHEE, Capt. Kempton........... ..................... Friday, Jan. 25- 12.00 m
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Smith............. ................Monday, Jan. 28-- 3.30 p. m
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher.................................. Wednesday, Jan. 30-- 5.C0 p. m
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis. ..............................Thursday,Jan. 3-7.00 p. m,
GATE CITY, Capt Hedge.......... .................................Thursday, Jan. 10- I.C0 p.m
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis............................Thursday, Jan. 17- 6.00 p. m
GATE CITY, Capt, Hedge..................................Thursday, Jan. 24-- 11 a. m
CITY OF MACON, Capt Lewis. ...... ...................... .........Thursday, Jan. 31- 6. 00 p. m
[These Ships do not carry Passengers.]
JUNIATA, Capt. Chrlste................................................Saturday, Jan. 5-- 8 80 a. m
DESSOUG, Capt. Askins ................................. Saturday, Jan. 12--2.20p. m
JUNIATA, Capt. Christe...................... ........... .............Saturday, Jan. 19-- 7.0 a: m
DESSGUGH, Capt. Askins.......................................... Saturday, Jan. 26-- 1.30 p. m
S THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line)
Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by n: ot her line.
Through Tickets and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East a ,d North west
a SavannahK. For information and rooms apply to "
R. L.' WALKER, Agent. C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,
Pier No. 36, North River, New York. City Exchrane Buildine, Sarannab, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Sar-ainnab Pier, B,.Ct',n.
W. L. JAMES, Agent, 1IS. Third Street, Philadelphia.
J. D. EASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Florida & Western By. Co., 261 Broadway, N. Y.
i. M. SORREL. Gen. Manager. H. R. CHRISTIAN, Soliciting Agent.
1 () Tickets apply to S., F. & W. Railway office.
S EIsTA.BLxREID 8l75.-
wv ,, ,T .T A lkf ... "Mor.S
RAIN, GARDEN SEED
AND I Z ,E
FERTI LIZ ZERS
20 WEST BAY STREET,
I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST' RELIABLE SEEDS.
A COMPLETEE STOJK oF
Hay, Corn, 'ats, Flour, Bran,Wheat, Grits, Meal,
COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark.
STATE AGENT FOR
I.E. Tygert & Co.'s Star Brand Fertilizers.
Comprising ORANGE TREE and VEGETABLE,
FERTILIZER, PURE GROUND BONE
WfURTATE OF POTASH, SULPHATE POTASH,
NITRATE SODA, KAINIT, ETC.
These. E,'rtilizers hav no superior In Ihi market ada trial will convince.
HEADQUARTERS .FOR LIQUORS,
7IF YOU WANT
Pure Wines, Brandies, Rye, Corn and Bourbon Whiskies,
SBy the Bottle; Gallon or Barrel, send your Orders to
A. K. LEON, 7
Send ftor Price Lit1. 18 W.' Bay St., Jacksoanville, Fla
84 THE FLORIDA DISPATCTT JANUARY 28, i89
t- iow 1 Gur Grand Cut in Prices! CLYDE'S
eap TO U001TOK. New York, Oharleston & Florida
DISEASES We are now Selling our
-dI RENOWNED STEAMSHIP LINE.
~EEDIESU. SEWING STA-IN3DARD TIME.
T-rEo DISTRESSING FORMS MACHINE From New York for Jacksonvifle.
bair, from infa cv to old ase, are speeduly, TU.C l. CIMdi D
economiclyand permanently Cured by the i iL SEMINOLE drect........................ .............. Tuesday Jannary, 00 p.m
UTIURA R hen all oher reme- EOK via rleston ................................... Frda Januar 3: p. m
dies and o Stn Oure and At just ONE-HALF THE IROQUOIS, (new) direct. ........... ..................Tuesday, January 2;, 3:00 om
CUTICURA, the great Skin Cure, and CUTj- .T
UR exqisite Beautifer, re- FORMER PRICES. From Jacksonville for New York.
SOLY T, the new blood puriutder y, -One like cut, with ELEGANT WAL- IRQUOIS (net via Charleston............................Thursday, Janutary24, 10:00.
cure ev- ry form of skin and blood diseases,- SEMIN.OL, via Charleston..........................Sunday, January 'T 1:00 p. m
from pimples to scrofula. NUT FURNITURE, BEAUTIFUL HROKE, via Charleston.......... ............T day, uary 3, :
Sold everywhere. Price, CURT AQA, 50;I, via Charleston ..... Fs a ry 3, 7:00 a. n
SoAP. 25 REasOVEaT, $ Prepared by the GOTHIC CANES, drop leaf table and IROQUOIS harleston .. ...........Su February 3, 7: a.
PoTTER DRUG AND CHiNICAL Co., Boston,
MPass Ho. to CHre S .in Diseases, two large drawers for only '$ O, was From New York for Fernandma.
rdPlApsles, blackheads. chapped and- $4o. Warranted 5 years, and sent free DE ARE, via Charleston........ .....Tuesday, anary 2, 3:00p.
SOAP. ref charge on TEN DAYS TRIAL at Fro Fe andin for New York
8 Relief in one minute, lorall pai us nd your own HOME. No risk to you. rm MA EE viernanaa for ew JorK.
weaknesses, in OUTICURA ANTI-PAIN YEMASSEE vi harsu ............ unday,January ,3:00 m
PLASTER, the only pain-killing plaster, STRIKE QUICK and write for circu- DELAWARE, la Charieton. .......... .... ........ ........Sunday, February 3, 7:0 p. m
25c. lars to HOME MUTUAL SEWING For Information Regarding Freight and Passage, Apply to
N J.A.LESLIE, Jacivenlle, Fla. r. G. EGER, Traffic Manager,35 Broadway, N. Y..
ONE MILLION MACHINE CO., RICHMOND VA. .JOHN HOWARD, General Forida Trveinz and FTreight Agent Jacksonoille,
.rut i r.,: , rape ines nth- .ser ".M.I l uN(3 ..JR.,G.F:P.A.
-,la ,.-ir PInt. cC., paper. Wi1. P. CLYDE & CO., Geneil Agents, 35 Broadway, N. Y.
l,1 rR I e hi hiaf lido -. -
.'a'ud,,- r1 -,, L T. YOUNG, Justice of the Peace. F. M. COOPER, Notary Pubolic.
a UlaHSRY., la-crpli.0 i 1 ,T0 0 A cres
drs. SAMUEL BH. RUMPH, Marshall.- Of the bestquality of heavy oak, hickory and cabbage hammock, having miles of river andt
villde, SGa E. R hay fronts and best water protection in Florida. Especially
yu l ,. Gaadapted to Florida fruits and vegetables .
WRITE FOC '
"How to Grow LeConte, Keiffer, M ."9
Bartlett, and. Other Pears YJ UNG & COOPER,
in the South." Free. pg-i -d c
W. JENNINGS & CO., a* A;z
___ ThomasvllieGa. Wh -3u So 3 Real Estate Agents, ai-- S-
S.YUI-YUI 9 AC_ H EQ, Palmetto, Manatee Co., Fia., a .-_ _
-UoM-YU M K.PEACH C].RK'== ..-
A Peen-to .eedlilne, nearly round. larse. ,. .a Fr.t- u 1 .. ..
fine flavor; proifue 6,arer; ripens in pril Cutaway Fruit-Grower's Cultivator.
and Mai., and will prove the mout popular E. 8- HUBBARD. Federal Point, Fa. Town property improved and unimproved
alio. havc du the Peon-to Hoey, Magie, ATE .AC EN F. Inall the towns on the Manatee.Rlver. "Beautifu river and,
Chinese Blood and BJdwelo Peachbe; Kelsey. .end for Circulars. bay fronts. Pure salt water. CO'ters,f1sh and clams. Lovely building sites
hi-ateumae and other Plums, Apples and on mainland ana islands. Yachting unsurpassed. Correspondence solicited.
Pears. Send ior catalogue
CHEROKE. AND NRS.I.. I RAP E V I N E S, Forresters Special Man s.
SCOai MIE RC I A.i. C( i- Niagara, Delawtare, Tves, Cynuthi-
LEGE OF KY. UiNI- a)ni, Noto Oil adothe Prepared From Chemicals6
l bHHSITY, H[I4BET P1-epared Dron Chei Sicals.
AWARD at Wor d's Ex- ieties
pltluon B)oktkeepint, Suited to the Soil -and Climate of For all Field and Fruit Crops unrivaled In Results. Tiythem and be convinced.
"uspine. ashott banO, I Orange, I lue Apple, augar (ane, Lemons, Peaches, Melon Strawberry, Tobacco and sal
graph (augt, tyPl. s itdengs and teal- rL.U Ue getable manures. "The resultsof the past are the future. There are nosuperior good.
graphy taugh. students paSt year. 1.3 .... .ld
t'abers lu,0)graduates lu buslnes,. regain GROWN AND FOR SALE AT
now. LBTRR. San Luis and Andalusia Nurseries, Correspondence is Solicited.
Iexingion, Ky. San Luis andAndalusia Nurseries,
ONLY $z.oo A YEAR. NearTALLAHA-.SEE, FLA. IfEV'. LIYIAN P IELI.P, Ageull. Sanford, Orange County, Florida.
C alifornia Florist and Gardn er r 1o 1 S, Man ager. I also keep constantly on hand for Joobli "hbnrn & Moers' Barbed Wire Fencing.
autll d ria a F lors d Gardn, Send for Uatalogue and order early. Send JESSIE S. MOSS, Pro.
A Munithly Magazine also, for Price List or HUNTSVILLE WHOLEOALE NURSERIES Is, ..
Devoted to Horticulture OLAThe largest iiursery ol Frullt rees in be world. 965acres in one body. Meas-
FLORL iDA W INES. urenent or nurses rowAn, .in,,le. EXCLU.[ 'ELY XWHOLESALE .Wesell
IN FrE .. only to Nureerymen, Dealera and Mark-etOrcbardlsts. IMMENSE brOCKSof
SOUTHERN AND PAC(IFIC STATES Il andard and Dwarf Pear, P.,nms, Peaches. Cherries, Apricols and Quinces.
ribluraionsal YOriginai. rihe Best Cou EAVE YOUR .L SI E: Lawou, Kieff,r an i L-Conite I ears; Japaneso Plnms, Incldng
tiluIrlons a rA.i OJg*nal. Hh YKOU 'elseys Japan, c, an anu Bicuod; Chinese nod Japanese Peaches, Includingo
trlbulors. Peen-loand S onry and their Irinprovtd seedlings wecan refer to customers In
-LIVE AND TO THE POINT.- every State and Territory. Prices very low. rilte sor Price List.
FLORIST AND GARDNER CO., V- '' PAAddress W. F. II E1LIK, Manager, Huntsville, Alabama.
121pi KEiney Sireet, San Franciu o, 'il. llU lli l1flLUU
POULTRY^ FOOD s A o as
BY THE Budded from tried and approved varieties, and on good heattialh l" ks :.
D AAl, JAPA.N PERSIMMONS, -LECONTE PEARS, 4L+RAPES, and a general Lin
rmll Trees suitable to IFlorlia. Address,
l nDAC 0 STA -
Tra-de Mr. l in, Ctin -eorg'eo" ", "a
HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT EOR TI niisihr U686 "
POULTRY AINIl A Prices:': ..:
Wil Make Hens Lay Grow Best Work at Lowest Prices. E Fanc Foultry.
Will Make Chickens Growl
S AxD GOOD io A Full and Complete outfl of Cuts,, Illus- NCOIEF POULTRY VARDS,
MOULTING FOWLS. trations, etc., particularly adapted to the re- The best lot of Sweet Seedlings, from three W. W. FENDRICHI Prop,,
SThis food is stria.l 'rech ni *eare fu,,quirements of Southern Nurseries. o ifouir sears old. In tbe State. Numerous va- p
Tifoo d uis sri I r'"dlneattr II Write for estimates: letle ddd itres such I Me dirranean P. 0. Box 81, Jack onvlle, Fla.
cooked. erutd ne, ;ea,,,--d and hern,,li- ats 9weet. Magnum Bnnutin, Homue-!.. Wash. -
caly ea.d i tin ean Beins und flt,i Address ingion Navel, Tan.:erine ~. elc. The Nur- I am now prepared to furnish egas from
can oe re;a;1ily m x1 ed with eft turd. Itlid I'Ld -ery. nrlining ihnnl',liiJ_ of i r.-, is on)ly fir~t-cl... .1-,ek ,I Vlit*e and Brown. Leg-
o a0 togiveeocih fowl au equal lhare. trwe CHAS. W. DACOSTA, 3ardsrom Elleinhe dh.ioi. Prices as low horn. Ply ki Rut H-k. L-mundbananda .y-
DREi .ts ler EAT p.r o J r x.d WH.,I iji. .1' as ,t e e lowest. Address J. C. SUM I I ER, ali'. itp- i 1.5U per i3. All orders receive my'
tBoRESEc.n, MEAT &. WO,.-L .. o papl N,, Flta. areo -.Farra.anager persona l attent ion.
St Bo.ictn, NMr,.s. IiMention paper.. Ia1k.Ullle, Fl-. ,Careof,- -..Farra. Eliersile, PascoUo., Fla. I Munutio bIATUH