Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
C.H. Jones & Brother
Creation Date:
December 28, 1887
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note:
A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
000454290 ( ALEPH )
11040152 ( OCLC )
ACL6442 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026760 ( LCCN )

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Succeeded by:
Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower


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Full Text

-COLOCYNTH. times worse than coco in our cane fields, the land the gr
..... -- -for it grows as tall as the cane during green fodder. ]
A Noted Medicinal Plant that April, May and June, 'and grows far medium rich an
Succeeds in Florida. faster than sugar cane. Always at your the west.
Succeeds in oria. service, I am yours truly,
EditorP6rida Farmer and f-uit-Grower: JOHN DYMOND. HOLST
I promised to give you some account -"1
of the Colocynth as grown "by Messrs. Forage, etc., in Putnam Count
Shrader & Messmore.near this place, EditR, orida.Farmand It-A Breed
but it seems to have taken me a long FLargeida Farmer andruit-Grower:
time to get around to it. Really this is Of the grass seeds sent out by the De-
such a country to keep busy in, I believe apartment through you, I planted the The FARMER
if I were three men instead of one we Tall Oat grass and the Johnson grass. November 9th c
would all be busy. We might, however, The Johnson grass came up well, but a of the Shorthorn
find a little more time to report prog- heavy rain covered up the most of it just accompanying a
ireess, and possibly more progress to re- as it was coming through the soil. What popular breeds,
port. ..
When I paid a visit to the comfortable,
Swell kept and attractiveplace of Messrs.
;:Shrader & Messmore the season was __ _-_'
gf. o. far advanced to see the Colocynth
"'-?'plants or vines. Theyhad finished their -
'growth-'for the season and dried up. ._ ---
They grow very much like melon or cu- =-_ _-
'cumber vines, to which family they be-
.dng. Dr. Shrader showed me the fruit ~=- ~
he had gathered, which looked very -
much like. undersized citron melons.
sures me there is no trouble in raising a
crop of colocynth, as it will grow readily -
on poor soil and produce fruit with very
little cultivation. There is no bug, fly,
,ivorm or other insect that will interfere
with its growth.
There is one point on whicT Dr. Shra- .
der is not yet satisfied, and that is the
curing or drying of the fruit in order to
get it into marketable shape, as it seems "
inclined to shrivel up in drying, whereas "--
the imported article is round and full,
though perfectly dry. .He ia a chemist '
of long practice and has handled c01o-
cynth .in various forms. He is not likely
to be very long in finding how to cure it
to his satisfaction.
The price'.of imported colocynth. is.-
about 75 cents.per pound, and I have no -
doubt its cultivation here may be advan-
tage- usly followed. There is also some. .. -
satisfaction in planting such crops as we
know to be. proof against insect pests of
whatever kind.
But when we reflect that -this stuff, "
too nastyforany bug to eat;will as-
suredly be taken up by man's worst ene-
my (mah),'and manufactured into "com, "
pound cathartic pills," and extracts with
jaw breaking names, and that by means
, of cunningly .devised advertisements..,
'.disgusting pictures and' alluring bits-of
'- questionable literatuite we are likely to
be persuaded to swallow the stuff our-
selves, though the instinct of even the
meanest kind-of bug protects him-against HOLSTEIN COW
it, ahd the more of it we swallow we be-
cole the moredeasily convinced that we was left grew welland commenced suck- of the Waverly S
are all sick and in need of something to ring from the roots., It was planted on hassee. Mr. Schi
sap the fleounda ons of our constitution, high pine land. It grew three feet high most popular bre<
When we reflect upon this, I say, it may- and I saved some seed. sent themselves f
possiblytdetracte faromthe pleasure we TheOat grass I never saw anything theFlorida farme:
o ch the. e cultivation of. Have not sowed the clover; hardly are the following
of colc this on y think t will do well,- as our soil is not ford, for beei;
Of course this will only apply to those close enough. Devon, for milk a
of us who may be sensitive on such The Teosinte was a failure with me. butter. The three
points. Those who are not may find Every insect seemed to like it and they their ability to th
that they can make as many dollars per sucked it todeath. 'Holstein is attract
acre from colocynth as any other crop. Kaffir corn did well and made me doing well in a n
I frankly admit that I am sensitive in ab undance of green forage, buet I wasn WeD now have'tli
such matters; so much so that I don't unable to save seed on account of the ing an illustralic
care to cultivate anything in which I do black birds., -breed. The pictu

mind, tobacco. Yet, I admit, if the I have also had very good success with' tice to her mature
corners of the mouths of our citizens cassava, but only hada small patch, and She weighs abo
must be smeared with tobacco juice, it is will wait until another year when I will has proved a renma
much better to have it done with Flor- plant more extensively. placed 71 pounds 2
ida grown tobacco thahi with that grown Since advertising my muck machine as a daily yield th
elsewhere, as in this way a ery consi in your paper I have been kept busy an- only milked twice
erable leak may be stopped ain the politi- swearing correspondents. Am very busy ily is one of the ol
cal economy of our State. now hauling out muck around my trees, .families of the H
But I am here for the purpose of rais- keeping my hogs employed rooting it in history in this cot
ing something good to eat and drink, the ground. H. W. RooP. first importation m
and find my hands more than fullof very MCMEEKni, Fla., Dec. 16, 1887. & C'i.. in u1874,
agreeable employment,-wlth thepleasing Lad3 Cla'. with
assurance that if I am able togain any- and imported by ti
Sting it will not be through the loss suf- : Teosinte in Connecticut. a remarkable one,.

nofered byet prepared to say that there is a The following fom a Connecticut to make a name at
not yet prepared to say that wore is a farmer to the Home and Farm, shows this now very pop
fortune in it without any -hard work, we that teosinte flourishes even in Now other, particularly
at least have hopes of being'able to t teosinte flourishes their, pat.iounarly
keep iaheidt of the medicine man. Thesimportaton
keep ahed of the medie man. oC The fodder plant called teosinte i Re- was scarce y know
AUBUEDALE, Polk Co., Fla., D ana luurians) I planted on Ma. 6th. It While Geo. E. Bi
Dec.12 ,1887. came up in the time of field corn, and leading importers
S .:. .grew rapidly until the middle of June teen years, they ha
O s to_ Thr r_.... a e "xceeding the growth 'of field or ever- ringasprofessiona]
Opposed to Johnson Grass. green corn, or any ensilage plant I ba-e have never adopted
The following communication from a ever used; It was hoed three times. At ing plan to induct
leading sugar planter of Louisiana to this time the heat and drouth came on, injury to the cow
Sthe Tinmes-Democrat expresses the senti- its growth was checked, and its dark is sure to'follow si
menL of many who have had experience green color was changed to that of yel- they milk a cow m
with Johnson grass: low, and it stood some three weeks at unless obliged to d
Your favor of the 24th ultimo is re- fifteen inches high. When the raincame to the udder. But
ceived. I '.ve no knowledge of John- in July, its dark green hue returned and leuce of this herd a
son grass. -, -a grass as we call it, it grew again as rapidly as before, until when treated in a
as a forage -- ' grows it was 10 or 12 feet high. It stcols out this season's record
prolifically vin 6u. ._, "..."e or tillers, and a large number of stalks pounds of milk pe
rooted it seems imri,. t--row from the individual `seed. I 'number of their co
nate it. It has a large, j., anted it in drills four feet apart, the exceptional conditi
will slio t from any exposed- e -.- -eceds placed ten inches apart. Cows This valuablee bre
bears seed freely alpp.I A.Tiink it is a devour it with avidity and leave nothing. have a trial in Flori
curse to the country, as our climate It is excellent for feed in all stages of its long to hear of tiI
is not cold enough to freeze out the roots grow th. One valuable characteristic some of the fine st
in winter, and it largely enhances the which it possesses surpasses corn. It and the neighboring
cost of any hoed crop produced in lands makes a very large second growth in a
infested with it.. We consider it many few weeks after being cut. The richer -The Sub-Tropic

eater the abundance
Mine was planted on
d dry soil sloping towai
. 0

Distinguished f
Yield of Milk.
contained an illustrate
n breed of cattle, with
article on that and oth
by William B. Schrade


took Farm, near Talla
*ader observed: "Of thi
eds of cattle which pre
or special attention t
rand stock raiser, their
: Shorthorn and Here
doistein, Ayrshire and
and cheese; Jersey, fo
ee latter have proved
[rive on our soil. The
:ting attention and i
iighboring State."
he pleasure of present
on of the last named
.re presents the cow
e of the choicest of the
Brown & Co., of Au
ers and' breeders of
It was made when she
d, and hardly does jus-
form.- n .
oit 1,500 pounds, and
prkable milker, having
ounces 1to her credit
is past dry season, and
a day. TheClay fainm-
dest and best, milking
Eolstein-Friesians. Its
untry dates from the
nadebyGeo. E. Brow n
w-hen her grand-dam.
others, were selected
tem. This herd pioved
and probably did more
nd spread the fame of
)ular breed than any
in the West, for until
in 1874, the Holstein
n west of Ohio
rown & Co. have beef
and breeders for four-
yve never entered the
lrecord-makers. They
d the high feed, force
e milk, knowing the
and her progeny that
ich a :cours,-; nor do
ore than twice a day,
o soto prevent injury
to show ihe excel-
ind what they will do
practical way, their
Ranges from 50 to 80
*i'day with a large
ws. regardless of the
cris of the pastures.
edagof cattle ought. to
ida, and we hope ere
heir introduction 'by
ock farmers of Leon
g counties.

al opens January PA,


of BREEDS OF CATTLE. ough development under good breeding food consumed or cost of production,
n a gives it the other. In growth and size than 'ny of the puret'red races."
rds it matures early, equal to the Shorthorn, HEREFORDS;
The Characteristics of Those and its meat is finer grained, juicy and .A f p t .. A
Most in Favor, nicely harbled (the lean and fat inter- A ev ef producers t.he erefords.rival
The present Commissioner of Agricul mxed ) cumstances, but the latter are so far su-
ture of Georgia, Hon. J. T Henderson, CHANNEL ISLAND CATTLE-JERSEY, AL- prior as milkers, that the partiality al-
or is the author of an excellent "Manualon DERNEY AND GUERNSEY. I ready established for them will be diffi-
Cattle." His observations on breeds are "This valuable breed of dairy cattle is cult to overcome.
condensed for the New Orleans Picayune supposed to have come originally from Like the Shorthorns, the. Herefords
of by its agricultural editor, Col. Dennett, Normandy, in the northern part of require a full bite of grass, and are hence
on as follows: France. They were formerly called Al- not well adapted to sections in which
an Cattle breeding in the United States derneys from the fact that the first that natural grasses are the only dependence
3er has increased of late years until its mag- were introduced into England were sent' for pasturage.
er, nitude is truly astonishing. And yet from the island of Alderney. HOLSTEIN AND FRIESLAND CATTLE.
Holstein ha- .een applied almost iudis-
criminatelyto the calico, black and white
SDutch cows and bulls, nA without much re-
- guard to pedigree or anything else, only
leading color maiks and characteristics
S- asmilk producers. The Friesland cattle
-- ,- are more distinctly marked and better
------ --defined. "Friesland," says the Frisian
Herd Book, "a province of the Kingdom
of the Netherlands (Holland), possesses
an original,pure and thorough bred brced.
Sunrivaled for its large production of
-., m ilk." --
-Cattle breeding is the chief means of
u-t iitey de in it, and on this account
the export trade has reached a considera-
ble height, not only to the interior of the
country and to Europe, but also to Africa
SIand to -the United States of America,
where this type is often unjustly and
wrongly styled Holstein cattle. -
But few of theDut cattle e abavebeen
brought to America. though they toave
long been celebrated azs a dairy breed.
and itise cla imed th at from this reed the
S1 Ayrshire: and Short orins derive their
high milking qualities. Thedemandfor
these cattle, particularly in the West. is
rapidly increasing. I -
SThese cows excel in thelarge yield of
milk adapted to cheEe maki g. They

l -whiecoloed s, diatinely uinrked andc.
S- The colors are in itor gular patches. eIn
form they sc.metwhat resemble the Short-
ho s ees are of te milking strains, though less
rounded in outlines. In size they are
Sogot o a somewhat smaller than the Shorthorns.
Sand he fourcows imported by Mr. Cbeneny.
o : of Boston. e Mass, in 18b, had an average
weight of 1329 pounds.
Mr. Allen, speaking of the cows im-
Sported by MAr. Cheneny, says: i 'One of
"hnh. ce ese imported eows i-when six years
oold dropped a calf weighing 101 pound,
antimatd td by a careful and exac record, from.
bd 8 Efo"n 188.h e oye l oie e e es the l 26th of May to the 27t of July,gave
e to. on fr loe AUOated i"p o 'r h- I d o" ese daily over 30 quarts of milk-the largest
8. ...h c d i h a daily vield waso35 quarts. Intend dayso--
a- farmers and breeders are,o n the borders Thethree Channel Islands that have sheg lave 744-1 7- oths pounds It -is'
e of a great progressive movement which been so famous tor their fine cows have claimed that from her milk for six day
e- will vastly iraprove the characteand au area and populafit n ast allows: Jer- they made 17 pounds and 14 ounces of
valuee of cattle in ll parts of t coun- sey-8 0 acres, population in 1861, good butter. t o
e try. This Is particularly true of-tije 56.07 uernsccy15.560 attcres, popular Mr. Allen says that "a patirof Hslstein
L- Southern.States. tin$9'7t0; Alderney-2.500 acres, pop- oxen, fiveyvarsold gavea live weight of
d In 1860 all the live stolk In the United ula~ton4.933. r4,600 pounds, and proved superior prwce he a
r tatenis was estimated in value to be $I,- Aliarge.. majority of Channel Islands era, showing that they were trained. for
d 089,829,015; in 1880. the value of live cat, ley inthe Unred States are either labor, not for beef alone."
a stock on farms alone was estimated at imp i r Ins fr'm the IslandofJersey -GAiLLOWAYS-NMULS, POLLED CAtrLE.
S$1,500,84.77.r Milch cowsle adincreased or th dodes cendt a nd the name of Tbhe Galloways, or hornlesscattle often
intwenty ears to June, 1880,fom about Jerseis now often applied to all of the called muies, or polled cattle, have
- 5 i500,000 to about 12.500 e ,000in number. Chanel Islands cattle the same as Alr never been bred pure, so far as known,
W ERE OUR ANIMALS CAME FROM. derney-wasat first, in the United States, but are much mixed
atutl heep wer i The Jerseys, Guernseys and Alder- -up wt "native" or "scrub" cattle. The
e Cattle sheep and hogs were first neys are all remarkablefor the richness chief. advantage of these cattle to. the
- brought to ths country by Columbus, onof their milk andthe quality i y ofs farmer is' their inability to hurt' each
his second voyage, an d imrportations in the butter produced fromi it. other. They are usually docile and
eone wayre some anoth ecave continm asue ever The great docility of these, onJersly cow thrifty, and some of the seed, a good
eid estno ieuent veree o ol fitstbem to come fam pets, and their yield of milk .
I fesiett oc fs, ntmloerel fom tErope, marked different T of type from thecom- ANGUS POLLED CATTLnn,
Sfo settlers, animals... ere.landd .fm mon stock of, the country, and their alo
Y Aie to time that had been taken -on amod The mselv esThese castle are remarkable for fatten-
tb eo sti fo r t e d o ren dinoak r it ood-like appearance, impressesab the o The Breedalities, but are not good milk
ar us They are muscular, ativserver with their purity and superiority producthers.e are 22,000 Cattsele thClub Jerse
I and the local modification of brees The ahas nnual .el a some of cows and heifers in asa country and-not
sornetimes been considerably influenced o region. Tere s a tesc tors, the Galloways, and their color is
by tie int roduc m station inly t ofhe c ne g hire over 10,00sually black on thsometandmofJersonal
s animals of special qualities. dis.oition about the Jersey -cows pos- white spots.
a There weretwo general sources of sup- sassed by no other h ereeo. w ," -sv:Se.

adi d pti The placebo getood Jerseys now s not .
realy. Spanish America received its early. "hlded r ae J se cey but te osated S eed,.
n stock from Southwestern Europe and the develop t uch adgr tat uhes Th A subscribers of Mainle in renewing his

ith emi grants rom Great Britain. and yie d u n der ant extordaarively within peo trees
SNorthern Europe.-United States Cen- il AYerSHIRES.o I have taken your paper during the
aus, 18N. The Ayrshires appearr to'have origin- year past, andniust continue it for 1888.
DEVONS. ated in the ScotchKyloe cattle, and imr- Enclosed please find the subscription
Describing the Devons, li-i says: "'This- proved -by crosses of Shorthorn and price, $2, for the'same, which is a good
beautiful race of cattle is of su')h great Holderness and p bbably with an infu- investment.
antqouit'tthat thee ik no record of their sion with "Dutch" blood. Mr. Allen Plqpse'call attention to the fact that
origin., some claiming that they date as says: "From no other race of cattle, Mr. A. H. ;Brown, of:Belleview, Fla.,
aiar back as the Roman coiquiest. Scotch, Englishor Irish, could the irm- who is managing my- plantation there,
"No other breed is more fixed in its, proved Ayrshires get their shape, color has some excellent cassava seed cane to
type, none mo'edistinct. none o greater and milking qualities combined." spare. He hqs made considerable effort
antiquity, and none with more poiuts of They have been-bred with special ref. to get a crop of cassava, which has done
excellence as a combination ammal. erence totheir milking qualities byse- admirably. Ishall be glad tohave |tim
There are some that excel them as beef lecting, for breeding purposes, only the disposeof some of the seed, as there is
producers, and others still in yield of offspring of good cows which gave prom- more-.than we-can plant next year. We
milk. But no othei breed equals them ise of developing into good milkers.. -shall plant atonce.
in symmetry of form, uniformity of type, Allen says: "That they are a good breed I rejoice in your prosperity and in the
or a combination of beef, dairy and work of cattle, useful and eminently qualified proposed change of form.
animal. for the dairy, and capable of perpetu- L. H. HALLoEK.
"As work oxen. all things considered, ating among themselves their good qual- '-. .0 -
the Deens have no su perior'for"ordinary ities, are fact-i now well established both The Breeders' JournAl has discovered
farm use. They are muscular, active in Scotland and Argam"' that there are 22,000 Cattle Club Jersey
and durahle. Their unitoruity of color The annual %ield' some of cowsand in';.and.not
and type causes them to match readily, the Scotch dairi shire over 10,000 cows on the Island of Jersey.
and when turned ,f-f for beef they fatten cows werekept, is re The get- od Jerseys now is.not
readily and produce beef of tine1quality." gallons. 4rsey, but the Utlted States.
in the first class for fin-n-ss of flesh and developed to such addegree that the The farmers of Vol'usia county .will
delicacy of flavor. Its compact bone, be said to produce a larger quantity perimebt extensively with peaoh trees
gives it the one, and its rapid and thor- rich milk and butter in proportion to the'-be coming season. .


ri -ei sac-
e Japanesd nut,
in quality. in different
whete am6untsto more.than
Sent. In many districts, however,
..orms an important ee~ment'of the
food of the lower classes, during the
early winter. Several varieties are
ameS. known, that most commonly used.ap-
.w the most important pearing to be identical with the ordinary
S- -onsul-General Van Buren's native nut of the United States.
report on The Food' of the Japanese TUBERS AND ROOTS.
.W People. It is in several respects a very The sweet potato tBatatas edulis), in
suggestive and instructive article: quantity and quality, takes thd first
E CALS. place of all Japanese- tubers. It is
The importance of the cereals of Japan probable that it enters more largely
is, in the order of the quantity produced into the food of the people than any
rice, barley, millet, wheat, rye and' other food-plant, except rice. This is
Indian corn. owing to its prolificacy, and consequent
Rice is of course the most important, cheapness. The last official returns give
both in amount'and value, as food. In the quantity produced in one year as
summer it occupies more tfian one-half 16,000,000 bushels. On account of the
of all the tilled land. The following relative importance of this product, and
'analysis of Japanese rice wilgd-s e- e- -tlfe fact that it is but little used in large
Sshow0 nriti-e-properties": portions of the United States, I give its
Nitrogenious matte:. 7.55 analysis:
Starch ......................... 89.65 Nitrogenous matter...... 1.50
Dextrine, etc 1.00 Starch 16.05
Fa y matter. .... 1.10 Sugar. 10.20
Mineral matter 70 Cellulose .0.45
bushel of hulled rice weighs 621 to ty matter 0 .s0
Other organic matter 2.60
65 pounds. There are said to be some Water e 7.50
25Q varieties of seed in the country The common potato (Solanum tubero.
Millet, consisting of three prince sum) s no extensively grown here,
varieties, is extensively cultivated a being used mostly in the foreign settle-
usedc. (tin ments and vicinities. The carrot is a
rst class, Setaria Italca (Italian common food and the production large,
millet.) and so with the parsnip.
Second class, PaniCum miliaceum (In- A variety of large white radish, known
Third class, Pancu rmentacem, as "daikon," and growing from 1 to 8
Thir lass, nim. m ace, feet in length and from 2 to 8 inches in-
known here as "Hiye." circumference at the upper end, and
Their analyses are as follows: weighing from half a pound up to 14
Water 1st2s. 2d 12. pounds, is grown everywhere and used
Salts 2.05 3.55 8.35 in great 'quantities. I have not been
Fat 3.03 2.95 3.03 able to procure the- sum of its product,-
Albuminoids...............13.04 10.89 13.78 but believe it to be equal to if not greater
Fibre 10.41 5.96 14.75
Starch and sugar .......9.42 62.95 55.09 than that of the sweet potato.
These figures show the food to be highly Its analysis is as follows:
nutritious, containing as it does from 55 Water ........................ %4.97
f h d 11 to Mineral salts.................... .................... .61
to 63 per cent. of starch and sugar, 11 to Nitrogenous matter ............. .57
18 per cent. of nitrogenous matter, 3 per Fibre................ ........... .60
cent. of fat, and from 2 to 83 per cent. SugarandPectose 8.25
of salts, making from 71 to 824 per cent. It is a very popular food, and is pre-
of nutriment. The best American wheat pared in a variety of ways, but like our
flour is scarcely more valuable than this. sour krout and Limburger cheese, its
The average yield of millet is from 85 to aroma, which pervades almost every na-
40 bushels per acre. tive street and hoftse, is never mistaken
Barley, wheat, rye, and Indian corn, by the untutored sense of the foreigner
as food plants, are too well known to for the perfume of the daphne or the
require a statement of their components, rose.
Barley in Japan is a staple food, and is Turnips of many varieties are also
grown principally for, this use. Indian grown in every province of the empire.
corn grows in the south 'quite exten- The yield of the larger kinds, is, from'
sively. their careful culture, immense. I have
Sweet corn is only cultivated in the been informed that in the rich valleys
neighborhood of the foreign settlements, near Kiots from fiteen to twenty-one
and is principally used by foreigners. tons to an acre are often produced.
The saccharine matter of the plant seems "Sato-imo" (country potato) is a member
to be exhausted in a couple'of years, and of the areceous family. Some ten vari-
fresh seed is required from the United eties of it are largely cultivated.
States. Onions.-A large number of varieties
Buckwheat, although not one of the are raised and eaten, both the green
cereals, may properly be mentioned in stalk and bulbs. Lily bulbs are largely
this connection. It is extensively culti- eaten. They are rich in starch, and
vated on the lighter soils, and contains- when properly cooked are delicious.
... Percent. Some sixteen varieties are used for food.
Nitrogen.................. 18 to 14 Bamboo and chrysanthemum roots are
Starch. 64 to 78 also extensively used. Among a large
Salts ....... 2 to 3 variety of other roots used 'as food,
LEGUMINOUS PLANTS. which will be found in the list herewith,
M PLATmay be mentioned these of the sago
Perhaps in no country in the world plants, the "Oguruma' (Jula Japonica),
are beans and peaf comparatively so the "Bara-monjin" (salsify) and several
,extensively cultivated as in Japan. varieties of the burdock family. A
There are more than 40 varieties. That number of others are used for the manu-
known to us as the soy-bean is especially facture of starch. ,
important; as it is rich in those nutritive v--
properties which are wanting in rice, HEIREACEOUS FOOD-PLANTS.
an is invaluable in a country where These are especially important as fur-
meat is almost entirely lacking in the nishing the mineral salts which are
diet. The composition of this variety, wanting in the cereal ia and esculent
known as Nirva-mume, is as follows: roots. The Japanese have cultivated and
S -Water;- .... n 33 utilized a large number of wild plants as
Ash .......... "...... .... .86 food-plants in Europe and America.
Fat. 20.89 The number of these is astonishingly
Nitrogehous matter 7',,, large, aud so of the algae and other sea-
lah'arni sugei .. 4.,, plants which abound along all the coasts
Thu his ood fuin great variety. As furnishing nitro-
Thus this food furnishes over 20 per genousmatter, these seaweeT ;jd the
cent. of fat and upwards of 60 per cent, edible fungi are of the greatEs value,
o1f nitrogenous matter, starch and sugar, and are largely eate b all classes. I
and in its proximate chemical compose have been unable to procure anything
tion approaches more nearly to animal like a full or reliable list of theseinvalu
food than any other known vegetable able sea-plants, which of course renders
The well-known analyses of beef and this papervery incomple. a they enter
mutton, as furnished by Pavy, are as so largely into, and form so important
follows: an element of the sustenance of the
T BEEF.' maioritv of thepeople. It may be said,
Nr-ogenoue matter.. ... hcweve'r, that among them are many
-alines matter .. ...... '.b species of chbondrus and Fucuie-lamina-
Water ............. ... .... ......1. a. Laminaria forms the second export;
LEAN BEEF. in point of quality and value from the
7itrog-mno.s matter .. ...... .........1...3 island of Yezo, whence it goes to more
Fa ................. ............ .. t Southern Japau. but chiefly to China, in-
a atter. .................. ........ I which latter country it is in. great de-
Other vri of beans and peas con-. mand, both as a food proper and on ac-
Other varieties as n- count of the saline matter it retains as a
tain from 18 to 31i per cent. of nitrogen- condiment, and thus a means of evasion
us matter. witarh a corresponding pro- of the oppressive salt monopoly. Deli-
rpoion of starch and nagar. They i cious and nutritious jellies are extracted
grown everywhere and enter into the from ic-us and a species of chondrus
food of all classes. I know it is held by closely res ambling carrageen (hondrus
scientists that while these plants show.a closel rer.mbling carrageen (Chonrdrus
great chemical likeness to beef, that the ''rPpS.l
action upon the human body is not the JAPANESE SUGAR,
same, being much less valuable. .1I can The place of sugar imnthe dietary of
t only repeat that here is a race of people the Japanese people is supplied to a con-
\ of good physique, of stalwart and well- siderable extent, by a preparation made
, proportioned, although not tall frames, from malted barley and rice or millet,
U and of cheerful dispositions, who per- the malt converting the starch of the:
form daily tasks requiringgreat strength rice or millet intodextrine and maltose,
arid endurance, who eat almost exclu- and the product varying from a thick
lively this vegetable food. anJ who, with- sugar or honey up toa hard candy. The
out any of the comforts of our Western food value of this article Is very great,
homes, and undergoing exposure un- and. as it is sold at a low price, its con-
known to our people. Live about theaver- sumption is large, rather perhaps as a
age lives of the laborers of Europe and luxury than a part of the daily ineals.
SAmerica, with a table expenditure oeL The following may be takenas a fair
about one-sixth or one-seventh that re- sample of the composition, the first of
qtiired by the latter, the better and the second of the cheaper
Among theexceptional food plants the "ame." .. .

i chestnut is prominent. The bulk of this First. Secc.nd.
product is grown upon a small bush. Watr. ....................19 i- ltIb.
from 3 to 4 feet high, on the plains and Mstaltoso.......... ,0) "o .t0
table lands. I am unable to give its
analysis, but can say that it has less Tu in nde r" r
sugar than the nur from the chestnut Turning Under Grass Crops.
tree of America, but has the merit of Joseph Harria is reported by an ex-
Sbeing free from astringent and bitter change as telling of a farmer who select-
qualities. Large quantities of, this nut ed a piece of land for a large garden,
-are gathered, dried, and eaten by the and prepared it by plowing and sowing
people in various ways. The Japanese buckwheat in spring, and when this was
chestnut ltas probably less food value in Bower he plowed it under, and again
than the same nut in Europe and Armer- sowed it with buckwheat. This second
ica, as it is deficient in sugar, the latter crop was very heavy, but by means of a
Forming 15 per cent. of the best Spanish chain attached to the plow he turned
chestnut, and nearly as great a propor- this well under. Jn September sowed


the land to rye, andhishbe plowed.pun
der the next year-'about themuiddle of
May. .The land thus became wonderful-
ly mepow and full of vegetable matter,
and by the addition of some manure and]
phosphate he had a grand piece of
ground on which to raise vegetables.
A Seedless Florida Orange.-
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
In your very valuable paper of No-
vember 23d Isaw an article dated Yoko-
homa, Japan, and written by Mr. E. E.
Amoore, describing the seedless Unshiu
orange and its merits, and I write this
to suggest that perhaps' we now have
this orange growing in Florida. Two or
three years ago Railroad Cale (or Kale),
a colored man who lives at Orange
Springs, showed me some oranges, which
he said grew on his place as well as
among his neighbors, and which, from
his description of the tree and the ap-
pearance of the fruit, resembles very
closely the orange described by Mr.
Amoore. The fruit he gave me re-
sembled the Tangerine somewhat in the
facility with which the peel is removed,
and in color, though I think not so much
flattened. They were seedless, and he
said were propagated from cuttings. He
described the tree as spreading over ,the
ground as in Mr. Amoore's description.
If you have correspondents at Orange
Springs, it will be easy for you to get
some of the fruit and make a full inves-
tigation of the matter, and if .it should
prove to be the same orange, or even a
valuable addition to our native varieties
you would, confer quite a boon on the
many readers of your paper by making
it known, as well as save to:the people of
Florida the heavy expense and delay of
introducing it from California. I write
this to call your attention to what may
be of value to you and your paper. The
man Railroad Cale is, I doubt not, well
known in your city, as he had some
prominence a few years ago in political
affairs. W. C. V.
SIsco, Fla., Dec. 15, 1887.

Heavy Manuring.
It is a great blunder to attempt to grow
vegetable crops without the use of ma-
nures of various kinds. I never yet saw
soils of any kind that had borne a crop
of vegetables that would produce as good
a crop the next season without the use
of manure, no matter how rich the soil
may be thought to be.
An illustration of this came under my
observation last season. One of my
neighbors, a market gardener of twenty
years' experience, and whose grounds
have always been a perfect model of pro-
ductiveness, had it in prospect to run a
sixty foot street through his grounds.
Thinking his land sufficiently rich to
carry through a crop of cabbages with-
out manure, he thought it useless to
waste money by using guano on that
portion on which the street was to be,
but on each side he sowed guano at the
rate of- 1,200 pounds to the acre,
and planted the whole with early cab-
bages, .
,The effect was the most marked I ever
saw. That portion on which the guano
had been used sold off readily at $12 per
hundred, or about $1,400 per acre, both
price and crop being more than the av-
"erage; but the portion from which the
guano had been withheld hardly aver-
aged $8 per hundred. The street occu-
pied fully an acre :of ground, so that my
friend actually lost over $1,050 in crop
by withhold ig $60 for manure. ..
Another neighbor, with a lease only
one year to run, also unwisely concluded
it would be foolish' to waste manure on
his last crop, and so planted and sowed
all without. The result was, as his ex-
perience should have taught him, a crop
of inferior quality in every article
grown and loss on his eight acres of
probably $2,000 for that season.-Nation-
al Stockman.

A Mole Trap.
An Alabama correspondent of the
Southern Cultivator writes as follows: A
portion of my garden was so infested
that I could raise nothing in it. From a
round iron rod, a quarter of an inch in
diameter. I got the blacksmith to make
me eight spikes about five inches long.
On a piece of plank nearly ten inches
long and three or four wide, I struck
two circles two inches in diameter and
four inches apart. In each of these cir-
cles four spikes were inserted. Next, I
procured a heavy plank, ten or twelve
feet long, for a deadfall, and made a set
of .common trap triggers to set it.
Knowing that the mole continued to
travel back and forth in the same track,
a small place was pressed down on his
track, and the spikes placed so that one
set would be on each side of the depres-
sion The deadfall was set at right an-
gles to the mole track, and so that the
end of the trigger would rest on the de-
pression. No matter from which side
the mole came, he rooted up The depres-
sion and threw the deadfall, which
drove t he spikes through his body. -The
place was soon cle'redl of moles, and not
a sign of one has been seen in the garden
for the last twelve or fifteen years.

Large Persimmons. .
Evidence continues to accumulate as
to the adaptability of Middle Florida to
fruit culture. Judge P. W. White has
left at the store of Byrd & Denham some
monster Japan persimmons, measuring
more. than three inches across, and
weighing nine ounces -Floridian.
The above are quite small compared
with some raised by Judge Blackburn
on his farm in the edge of town, and
shown us two weeks ago when we pub-
lished the following:
***We have been shown two very large
persimmons of t.he above variety, grown
by Judge M. M. Blackburn. One measured
twelve and a talt inches in circumference
and weighed seventeen ounces, the other
measured twelve inches in circumference
and weighed fifteen ounces, making
tlirtvy-two ounces. or two pounds for the
two. Lengthwise the larger measured
thirteen, and the smaller twelve and a
quarter inches in circumference.
"The Judge has twelve or thirteen va-


Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
Rats are smart, but "RoUGH ON RATs" bats
them. Clears out Rats, Mice, Roaches, Water.
Bugs, Flies, Beetles, Moths, Ants, Mosquitoes,
Bed-bugs, Insects Potato Bugs, Sparrows,
Skunks. *easel, Gophers, Chipmunks, Moles,
Musk Rats, Jack Rabbits. Squirrels. Ic. & 25o.

RRooas ON RATa" is a complete preventive
and desitr.i er of Hion Lice. Mx a rc. box of
R,-oOB OS RATs." to a pail of whitewash,
keep it well stirred up while applying. White-
wash the whole interior of the Hennery; inside
and outside of the nests. The cure is radical
and complete. POTATO BUGS
For Potato Bugs, Insects on
^, y Vines, Shrubs, Trees, 1 pound
or halt the contents of a $1.00
box of "ROUGH ON RATS" (Agri-
cultural Size) to be thoroughly
mixed with one ttwo b-rels*
f of plaster, or what is better air
slacked lima Much depends
upon thorough mximn, so as.
to completely distribute the poison. Sprinkle
It on plants, trees or shrubs when damp or
wet, and is quite effective when mixed with
lime, dusted on without moisture. While in
Its concentrated state it is the most active
and strongest of all Bug Poisons; when mixed
as above is comparatively harmless to anil
Smals or persons, in any quantity they would
take. If preferred to use in liquid form,atable-
spoonful of the full strength "ROUeOHONATS"
Powder, well shaken, in a keg of water and
applied with a sprinkling pot, spray syringe
or whisk broom, will be found very effective.
Keep it well stirred up while using. Sold ny
:al Druggists and Storekeepers. igc., 25c. & $.
E. S. WELLs. Chemist, Jersey CIty, N. J.

Bees and Queens.
Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
ang April, May or June, of my superior race
of pure

Italian Beos and il O ns.

Queens by mail a specialty.
Give me a trial order
For prices or other information, address
H.: C. HART,

etietis of the Japan persimmon, and-jp
tends to preserve the above and perhaps
others for theSub-Tropical Exposition at
The persimmons raised by Judge
Blackburn are considerable %larger than
any ctheis we have seen or read of up
to date. So the Judge is ahead thus far.
-Live Oak Banner.
The egg gourd, is easily grown is in
most respects the best Eubstitute for nat-
nest eggs to be had. It very much re-
sembles the genuine, au atieement that
may be enhanced-bv uaintig, while
with being light there is not the danger
of breakage to the laid eggs that arises
with the use. of porcelain ones. Stale
eggs are wholly unfit for nest eggs.
They contaminate.
A New Jersery man suggests, in addi-
tion to the usual precautions observed in
storing garden seeds, that a piece of
camphor gum be put in each bag con-
taining seed, and that the seed be dusted
with insect powder.


Or. S. 2AJ-T^CHIR,

Southern Produce a Specialty.
Co-signments solicited and returns made
promptly, Stencils and w market reports furnish--
ed on application, .
References-Chatham National Bank,Thurber,
Whyland & Co.,'NewYork City; also Banks and
established Produce Merch-nts of New York,
Philadelphia, Baltimore and Boston.
Special telegraphic quotations furnished by
G. S. Palmer, Wholesale Commission!Merchant,
166 Reade street.

GLEN ST. MARY, Baker County, Fla.
Peaches, Pears, Apricots, Japan Kelsey Plum
For catalogue apply to
McClenny, Baker Co., Fla.-


860(,i00i: Oran01 e, Lmorn an-i :,ther var.-tet .; 1f
the cart, fmltly und ,:.lter rlI; n iste.l t1.: tir,
climate. Stock in the best of condition for large
orders. Correspondence solicited. Nb charge
i-r .:lur. ng J;. Catalogue free.
SPaJatka. Fla.


Eustis, Orange Co.,Fla.nmm snn Merchant

enamue Washington ad Doutile imperial Navels.
Order Now if you wish to be in time..
We offer for Fall and Winter Delivery a choice
Also, the VILLA FRANCA, best and hardiest of
Lemons. Also, Early Spanish, Jaffa. Majorca,
Malta Oval, and nearlyall varieties of Orange,
Lemon and Lime. We also offer for the
first time to Florida orange growers the
Most Prolific Navel known, and the
Winter Park, Orange County, Fla.

R, N. ELLIS, C. E A. E. MCCLURE, Architect.

Architects & Civil EniNehrs,
Plans for
P 0. ox 784. Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block
Bay ,Street. I

Registered ualef *Pani" No.' 5Il",, A. J. C. C.,
g. grand-dam Eiirotn-, who mfae ;8 ibs cf bit-
ter in, even mon.ha, rneads the herd Gida'led
Jeri-y C 'ttll and Native 'I- roitng aIl Wirk
Horses, -


105 M oalertgt., and 04 llposi e,
Baltimore has large outlet for oranges. It is
a i, e.:..i-er ,te market; pricesfluctuate but
R,e Irevc, nmy many shippers in Florida,
ocpiJliV P. P'. Bishop and Borland Bros.,
itr i; AIi-red Baily, Dr. W. R. DeWitt, San
Mateo; A. J. Beach, Palatka; Robert -Bullock,
Esq., Ocala; J. P. B. Walker, Silver Springs.

]incorDorate 1887;

succssozs ro


Florida Oranges.

218 and 220 Wdashlo Streeoet New Yorcity,
Renuitancesand Ac;o:nnt S91.s seot imnmedi-
ateiv aJter gds arce s~id. Stencil an imMarket
Repoite itU'niliihd on application.


Proprleors. Fa ers A ance


.ine,-ae t ann t Well F..-,.6 Paimc. wil never
Free.,- F-'r irt].,it ic[,-,,, i,..rir l.A a]iL r. II I narn
oei le. ,Prices forS .%InIl Pump. tl, E uiic r
,' w:i -l 'I h *i,,,,,fl:, i',- rhe i rts- [ mprove j
.'.irrj6 for Si>.rinal" Fru|i. Treef no (C'oolin,.. Hand or orrse" fogue


I do uot cun'l toGeorgia i..,r ni-."stock and then
seil temni a&. Fl.i d Treesd i
Pre..s very, l:.w. Senl : i ciitcuiri6.
W. P. HOeINE, -
S: MacClenny, Fla.

P -sw rV LyT B. BTOB r UB Ig t R ABl a p trrt. te. Wulk of Lho
M iatral ,Irm. I,-iilbll, cuaiormati lrand al.tays In position. Al
S,-.(,TBB r.d vi' -, bhshlrm a beard dmli. ,tly. Stadd ri tllaurat
t--k WiLh ucila-Datl,a FREE. A.lansie. r u.I Ona F. rI8COX,
853 Broad.ay, lew York. UMentoetlas taper.

The ONLY paperowned and run by an orgali
Zntinon of PARMERSu lUtbehonth.
Tri e vllcial organ 0o the


Before y.n decide where to go in SOUTH
FLORIDA, iend fora sample copy of
You wtll find be-rer ad, cheaper bargains in
MiNATifE C'ounty in grIv's. farm ranches of
any .ize. Building lots on ratroad., river or sea-
s.J-e. Ti. roproietor of -'Tohe )range Orove,-" is
ai "-old t;imer, 't.u neither n :r -,,' ck'd :r hidi,
bound ; he is here to stay and "There i;s lions
in it." 'tbree Million, of A'res .n .;ti Bonks..

Forfreecati-,ieu, : -llretE
cHA.RLE- KlELLE, Monn-.: ll.:. Fl.,.

Kelsey and other valuable Plums. 25,000
LeConte, eiffer and other Pears and'Apples on
LeConte stock. All the valuable and Oriental
and Southern Fruits. Camphor Trees, Olives,
Prunes. Nut Trees of all kinds. Jersey battlee.
Jersey Red Hogs. Seeds of Forage Plants.
Highest Quality, Lowest Prices. Valuable in-
formation in illustrated catalogue free.
Cherokee Farm/ and Nurseries.
S- Wy r,ro, Ga


E. T. PAINE, President.


Florida Orange Food...................$23.00 per ton.
Florida Vegetable Food................ 28.00 per ton.
Also German Kainit, Sulphate of Potash, etc.
Send for circulars and prices.


: Practice.


will be contributed to by persons who have made
specialties of those branches.
Allportions of the State will receive a due
amount of attention, and their interests will be
represented by able correspondents.
Under no circumstances will thisjournal be-
come the "organ of any association or locality.
It will start out untrammelled and will repre-
sent all sections and interests with absolure unm-

Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week,

One Year $ go
Six M onths................................................... 1 no

Each issue in complete with valuable reading Three Months 50
inurter f-,r not only Fa mers'but all professions.
Read it and ,eeu. It w i keep them posted, not SPEcMEN COPIES FREE.
.onlv on A lian. atiiatter,s but on alt questions -
that affect the untereats of Farmer.. It will
advocatestiuer measures as will be for the best .-." .
iniinc-6taot Friiie-r.i. It baa a circulation m L
Ienr rates and .-.f e one cr tbh be' aaver.ii6ng Address subscription- "buLAness corn-
medriiiis in the Sonth. Mlierchants, FarmeIs, munmiatio-
Frut Growers, an all who Bi:sn to keep posted
on he greut.-at retormni movement ot the -ge S &. BR
should read toe D'
SCommnianicationBfor the editorial department
SuLbseriptinon$1 per vear. Sample copies fe. onid be address edo
Ibis :., the Beat and (.heapest weekly it [be hol e ares .e

Editor nnd Business Manager. Jc. n .. ,
Marianna, Fla. Jacksonville, FiE.







This journal will bae cfor its le dingbjem

intensive s '!te 1.1 erie~rure naew greater
economy oft home resources.
Assuming that the agrincultural adaptations of
a V ,r- p-rti-o.n ..C Florida aLre as yet but Lmper-
fec. T 5,re eesi P lanm thing nal
v ill be t.. anrbe rthe bar results ,mru h- have
teen ah :o plshed, with the exact methods em-, nt all anuenehts Satlee:na g Each resulted;
al-o U-. EuggeZt ex.-tertment. describe newor Little
known er.,pe, finns, et'-..and record the progress
of agriculture in neighboring States.
Commenceing with the rat number and con-
tinuing through the season for

Therc will be a series of arnles ion frits-otEber
than tho e of tho citrus pr-np-which have
'rovd,' m ust ,ucetsiful to this State. Each -va
.-tt, wit] be de,ribed a.nd

And there will be notes from persons who have
had experience in its cultivation. This will- be
followed by a similar series on

Forage Plants,.7
And otner subjects will be illustrated to a limited
Much attention will be devoted to

Live Stock
And to the home productionofforage andfertili-
zers, two economies which are essential to sue-
cessfnl farming.
A due amount of space wil a he devoted to
household economy and to reports or the mar-
kets, and the departments of

-,m. ..



Estaligslio 1853.







ist th
ful p
Its ni
it has
our g
the C
to So
it gro
of nit
five t
der 1
into i
as ter
due a
ter, s

-a tot
It w
its p

It is
it is
a ci

mummies were enveloped were of flax Killing out Persistent Roots. \
utFig *115. -Instead of cotton. Indeed, it appears Verv few plants live entirely undeO
Af. r that those'nations which were early tle ground. They must breathe and eat E
celebrated fortheir manufacture of the enough to support their substance just
)TTON AND ITS HISTORY. linen, were slow to substitute the cotton as animals do, One twentieth ot all the
for~theflax. support of all plants is secreted fro'm
Plant that Mainly Clothes Herodosus mentions cotton fabi ics 450 1 e air. Te great organic elements of
thePlan Human Race. B. C., and speaks of trees in ludia. living nature, oxygen, hydrogen, carbon
the Human Race. "bearing as their fruit fleeces more deli, and -nitrogen exist in the air in inex-
AfessorJ. S. Newton, of Alabama, cate and beautiful than those of sheep." haustible quantities and from them they
ibutes to the American Agricultur- The cotton fabrics of the Bindoos have must secure and assimilate almost all
e following account of this wonder- been excelled in fineness and excellence the material of the framework and deli-
lan', to which,'perh-ips above all only bythe productions of the most per- cate juices of their devious structures.
s, the human race is most in- feet machines of modern lines. The As wll expect an animal to live with-
d: City of Calicut, on the western coast, out breathing as a plant without absorb
e cotton plant is a child of the sun. gave its name to the fabric known as ing from the air. The very few animals
4tural habitation is in the tropical Calico. Tavernice describes some of or plants which live under ground and
ns of Asia, Africa and America, but their goods as "so fine that you could under water, absorb through the pores
s been acclimated and successfully .hardly feel them in your hand, and of the earth or breathe an aerated wa-
vated as far north as the thirty- the thread when spun is hardly discermi- ter. Air is absolutely necessary to all v
degree of Lrorth latitude. Its cul- ble." living, sentient beings. Therefore the
ion covers a very large portion of The famous muslins of Decca have subterrene portion of plants may be
'lobe. In the Eastern Hemisphere been, on account of their fineness, des- starved until they perish. ]
range of its cultivation extends ignated as "webs of woven wind. It is Fields turned out to browsing animals
Southern Europe on the north, to said that muslins made in Bengal are so soon lose their stands of sassafras I
,ape of Good Hope on the south. In fine that "when spread upon the grass sprouts, and a close culture of gardens
Western Hemisphere from Virginia and covered with dew they are not dis- and nurseries will in a few years destroy
cuthern Brazil. It has been most cernible." the persimmons. Never let them breathe I
ssfully cultivated, however, be- Spain was first of the European States above the ground and when you find one
n the thirtieth and thirty-fifth de- to grow cotton. It was introduced starting through take it off about a foot
north latitude. Humboldt found there by the Moors in the tenth century. below the ground. The tender persim-
owing in the Andes, at an elevation The first cotton was planted inthe United mon sprout from 6 or 8 inches below the
e thousand feet, and in Mexico at States in 1621. "Carroll's Historical surface absorbs oxygen enough for its
thousand five hundred feet. Boyle Collections of South Carolina" mentions peirishing roots before it reaches the i
thousand feet in the Himalayas. province in 1666. In 1736 it was planted again. Keep down the sassafras two
t elevations, however, are not favor- in g rdens'in Talbot county, Maryland, years and:the persimmons three years
to its best development. Botani- latitude thirty-nine north. At the com- and the job is completed. Pour a satu-.
Scotton belongs to the natural or- mencement of the Revolutionary war rated solution of salt on the stubs of ]
lalvacee, genus Gossypium. Bota- General Delegall was said to have had either, and you kill them by changing
differ as to its proper classification thirty acres planted in cotton near Sa- the exosmose into endosmose or rather
species; som berating as many vannah, Georgia. It is stated that in by stopping absorption.
n species, others seven,- anid others 1748 among the exports to Charleston, -By the way, this latter endesmqe ap
three as necessary to a clear dis- South Carolina, were seven bags of cot- plication is overlooked too much., When
nation between the distinctive char- ton wool, valued at three pounds, eleven we desire to destroy a single offensive
ristics recognizable after making shillings and five pence a, bag. Another and persistent plant, there is no more ef-
allowance for differences resulting small shipment was made in 1754, and fective way than to apply to it the
soil and climatic influences. We in 1770 three more, amounting to ten above solution. When ancient kings
ir for our purposes to adopt the. lat- bales. .In 1784 eight bales shipped to destroyed a city they plowed its razed
supported by such distinguished au- England were seized on the ground that foundations after sowing it with salt
ty as Prof. Asa Gray. so much cotton could not be produced in that no more vegetation might grow
THE LEADING SPECIES. the United States. The first Sea Island there. I mean by close culture that the
o m hba m ommon up- cotton was grown on the coast of Geor- plants must be kept down all through
ossyptto m erbaeeum, commort and gia in 1786, and its exportation cornm- the growing season. All nurserymen
cottonish leaves, petals pale yellow or minced in 1788, by Alexander Bissel, of can tell you the same.-F. L. Yoakum,
de, turning rose color, purple at basyellow, St. Simon's Island. In 1791 the cotton in Texas Farm and Ranch.
ase, turningee to five capsule three to five crop of the United States was two mil- i
das tmanhry seed toed, andsurrounded by lion pounds, of which three-fourths was Cement on the Farm.
d many toseededwool When rie the cap grown in South Carolina and one-fourth u
ent(bols) spring open ripe three to five apin Georgia. Ten years later, 1801, forty- Few farmers realize how useful a
s, exp(bolls)springopenbythree cotton, which issues eight million pounds were produced- bushel of cement may become. Mixed
ically from the capsule water it has twenty million pounds of which were with three or four times its bulk of
[n r "h exported. Sae h sn ox bright, sharp sand, it is almost invalua-
aprbudense Barbadoes or Sea he ted States have long since ex- ble for a great variety of purposes aside
ad cotto. leaves wih five longer celled all other countries in the quality from building or patching up walls, cis-
d otvte and tapers pointed lobes, and quantity of the cotton produced, terns, wells, etc. The common or Ro-
ls ovyelow capsules moreponted Indesia ranks next in importance in its sendale cement is as good as any, though
Those of herbaceum, wool not ad- supply of cotton to the United States, where it is used to hold water it should
g to the ee fibre ne,wool notng and but its fibre is far inferior to the Ameri- be compelled to set very slowly by the
V, with slight cream color. can.' Theother cottonproducing coun- frequent application of moisture while it
G. Abor luti. Tree cotton, not now tries worthy of mention are the East In- is in the process of drying. Ifthis rule
iated for its fibre This latter is nowdiesEgypt, Brazil, theWest Indies and is followed cracks will not appear, al-
vated fr its fibre. This latter lowing the cistern to leak.
known asd G.are gio ia fromthefact Guin ea. Outside of the purposes named I have
it was held sacred by the Hindus. R t Cotton found it of great service in making per-
as grown about the temples in India Rusted Cotton. manently tight, boxes, old tin basins,
supplied the material for the A Florida correspondent of the South- or even od baskets. Take, for in-
rdotal tripartite thread of the Brah- ern Farm says he bad some land that rust- stance, a -dry goods box the size of
s. the- emblem of their trinity. ed cotton every year. He thought perhaps which you wish to make a watering
plant has dark green leaves, bears it was owing o the lack of some one one o tank for your horses. Having monnted
some reid urple blossoms, and pro- the several plant foods. Thinking the it in the place where you wish to use it,
es silky cotton in small quantities. land deficient in potash, he distributed we will say at the end of a trough from
empts have been made by hybridizing on ita large quantity of wood ashes. To the spring, smear a quantity of very wet
with the more productive species to his surprise the cotton rusted worse than cement all over it inside, and repeat the
ease its yield.. but without success. ever. Thinking over the matter, he operation before this has dried, untilfthe
product is unknown to commerce. came to the conclusion that the land cracks and corners are completely hid-
HISTORY OF CULTIVATION. naturally held too much moisture, which den. Onlw allow this application to dry
h T hisory' ofthecotton. it was the cause of the rust. and that the inthe slowest manner, as before ,men-
he history Of the cotton plant ante- ashes being "a great retainer of water," tioned. I have a box in which cement
s in its beginnings the commer., cial made matters worse than otherwise. was stirred years ago, which is still
al of the human family. India adng thi man's experience, were- water tight, although it has been in
as to have been the most anciveenturi cot- membhered that most of the mall grain constant use since, and the hint I re-
grownge country. or five centuries and the cotton that we had seen affected, ceived from this accident has been of
re lothe Chritian goera hers of domeinhabitants with rust. during past years was grown much value to me.
e ctuhed in cottohe g oods of domestic upon wet land, land that was saturated Another use to which it can be put is
fracture from the .bre grown upon d with water-such land as, owing to its in making basins for hens and chickens
on s by her owthan twcrude methousand peculiar soil, did not allow the water to or for ducks, and larger basins for
said that e orthan two thousandcon percolate through quickly. The plants grown fowls. All that is necessary is a
rs thore idea of applyingland had con- having an excess of water-their feet,as hoe or a trowel with which the earth
ed the idea of a1pplymg modern ,in- it were, being for a considerable time must be scraped out a trifle larger than
try to the maufactre of cotto standing in and covered over with water, the size of the basin desired. Smoothing
ia had mature a system oing, whichand- the plant becomes diseased, and rust was it a little, apply the softcement an inch
ing t vas period, received no re the result, It is very probable that un- thick, and this quickly made receptacle
ing tat vast period, received no re- derdraining of such land would bo a pre- will prove of great service throughout
ghed improvement. for their inpeopllgene tative of rust. theseason. One feature of these basins
gh remarkable for their inofararignc The cause of rust in small grain and in is that they can be so easily cleaned by
st Europe wasotton is yet a mystery unsolved. but the use of an-old broom. Where the
, made no approximation to the me- this idea of surperabundance of moist- chickens are not allowed to wade in the
nical operationsot modern times, nor ure in the soil may be the opening drinking water a frame work can be
the cultivation of cotton either im- wedge of the solution of this problem. built in a few moments and placed over
ved or considerably extended. -Southern Live Stock Journal. tihe basin that will effectually exclude the
otwithstandig the proximity l t fowls and their filth. When fresh water
enth century that the cotton plant Selecting Fertilizers.' is brought the frame canbe removed and
ame an object of common culture in The North Carolina Farmer says: To then replaced. Ex.
na. The first mention made. of cot- selecting brands of fertilizers for crops. H .ouse Slops for the Garden.
in the records was two hundred farmers need be reminded (though no .useSos"r
rs before the Christian era. From doubt many already know this that Susan-Powers, a regular contributor to
t time down to the seventh century there are three principal ingredients to Popular Gardening, offers the following
s mentioned not as an objectof indus- be looked for, viz: nitrogen Oin the advice in a recent issue of that excellent
but one of interest and curiosity: an forms, generally, of ammonia and nitric Journal: ;
upant of the flower garden, the beau- acid), phosphoric acidand potash. Don't throw slops round the house, or
bf its flowers being celebrated in There are other ingredients found in fer- drain them into sink and cess-pool, to
.try. It is recorded in their annals as tilizers, such as soda, magnesia, etc., but taint the house in summer. They are
circumstance worthy of note t hat the the first three are the really important far too valuable on farm or garden.
iperor Ou-ti had a robe of cotton when ones. The proper course is to plug up the
ascended the throne in 502. In the All soils, it should be understood, do sink drain and substitute a cask on
venth century field culture of cotton not require all three of them. Some wheels to receive all slops, and have
amenced in China, but owing to the lands containing much vegetable matter, them liberally bestowed on all growing
position of the people, especially those particularly clover and peas, can do trees and shrubs, which can in summer
aged in growing and manufacturing very well without the nitrogen. and the dispose of half a barrel weekly apiece,
ol and flax: it was not until 1368 that same is true of freshly cleared lands. and will surprise with their growth.
cultivation and manufacture of cot- Other soils, particularly clay soils, and The soil should be hollowed about the
were well established, newly-cleared lands, do not need potasb, stem, basin-like, to hold water, else it
centrall and South America, and the But all. soils and plants require phos- runs off without reaching the roots.
*st Indies grew and manufactured phoric acid in the form of bone, or nat- In dry times empty the tub of suds
ton long before their discovery by ural phosphates, which nature has provi- from washing on the lawn at evening.
lumbus, who found the plant under dentially supplied in all parts of the It is water and fertilizer for both. An
tivation, and the people using fabrics globe., old pump in the cess-pool which holds
de from the staple. At the conquest Plants take a good deal of this mate- the writer's slops) with hose to carry the
Mexico by Cortez, in 1519, he found rial from the soil, and unless this impor- water to the compost heap is invaluable,
it the clothing of the Mexicans con- tant constituent exists in the soil, the and all the water can be pumped on the
ted principally of cotton goods; the bones of all animals, including man, heap, making a lighter job of very disa-
tives of Yucatan presented him with would cease to grow. and animal life greeable work, aud saving excellent fer-
ton garments and cloths forcoverings itself would cease to. exist, and unless tilizer.
his huts, while Montezuma presented nitrogen was thus furnished, plants, A new invention is said to alter all
m with "curtains, coverlets and robes flesh, and fat and blood, could not be house slops, and leaving the water clear
cotton, fine as silk, of rich and vari- formed, and the animal would equally for use in sprinkling plants or for many
s dyes, interwoven with feather work perish. Potash is not so important, and manufacturing uses. All solid wastes,
it rivaled the delicacy, of painting." in many soils it may bedispensed with :; whether from closets, or scraps from
e plant was successfully cultivated in in some instances it" s said soda may be the kitchen, if not fed to animals, should
ru in the time of the Incas in 1532. substituted for it. Still it is important tbe composted daily, covered with old
ecimens were also found in the an- for many soils, and particularly where sods or common-soil and ashes, thus pre-
nt Peruvian tombs, and taken to fruit treesand vegetablesaregrown, and ventiogaver'y common sourceof disease,
gland at an early data for exhibi- it acts efficiently on all light, worn while making the most of everything
n. '' lands. for enriching the land.
ed cotton or Used its fabrics at avry A total of 339 business licenses have The mills and shipyards at Pensacola
rlv date. since the cloths in which the been issued in Key West. are very busy.

daucy Poultry Hai iini
Eggs For Hatching Frim Leading Va-
rieties of Domestiated Land
and Water Fowl.
-$1 E1=R 13---
A l Tho. -' j ',d YolJlh.gSE rtI[lr 'ind H.:.un- l. .
.1i,1rea V .iLLA Z N.1za P0CLTRav Y Ra a.
iMa nat,:. FlIa.


Rotted Bone Manure.
Price, $25 per ton free on board in Jackson-
rille, or at factory price when delivered in
New York.

Muck Ten Cents Per Cord.

If you wish to get out muck cheaply get
For particulars address

fk. W. ROOP,
'McMeekin, Fla.

Are the King of Turkeys, attaining greater size
n less time than any known breed. Gobblers
when matured will weigh 85 to 456 pounds.
hre the largest breed of ducks. Goodlayers and
wry productive of feathers. Color, a creamy
white. Send for Illustrated Descriptive Price
List. Address, L. D. STAPLES
Portland, Mich.

Grape Vines
Suited to the Soil and Climate of

Grown and for Sale at
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for Catalogue and order early. Send, also
for Price List of

Florida Wines.

lississiDpi Valley Poultr Yaris,

Breeds Prize Winning
Plymoth Rocks, Wyandottes, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.

Won all the Leading Prizes. at 'the
Norlh Mississi ppl Po try Show at
Water Valley. Feb. 9 to 12, 1887.
Farmers wishing to improve their stock can
get SPECIAL BARGAIOS of me.L I also sell a

First-CElas I.nubaf1 or,
Poultry Journals and Books at Red-uced Prices.
Send for Catalogue and Price List, free; or
write for wants.
Please mention th 9 paper.

Improved Peaches.

and No. 7, are round peaches, average sie,
ripening from May 10th to July lat. Then Bd-
well's IMPROVED PEEN-TO, No. 4, is lat, but
larger and thicker from stem to blossom than itCs
parent. .
In Quality Not Excelled by Any
Peach Ont,
with not a particle, t anyov stage of opening,
of bhat b ltvrso ,objectionable in the Peon-to.
Ri .ens with Bvlriwl's Early.
Tnee are all ..,`illir gsIo the Peen-to, a de-
seendado nuijbt of, that finut,"ii,ind by At.bJhi
so. In tihe Hazatdarakht Ravine,m Afghanistan;
a form wlta different shape from tr,'r o(i the
almond, beln In lrg-erandii flatter." "The whole
shrlil. rsembles whaat one milgnt' consider a wild
form of tie pea'.-, :.i nearly evergreen foliage.
As I an; aware there are many sprious trees
belng ffereJ, I would give a wrd of canntion I
tif planter. iMr. BIdwedl h94 originated tneee
tree ;our treea he 1Ras grown from but's cut
from, hie beartng trees, mo, of them by hji
own hand.
Adlrss all letters, for information or trees, to
me, as on act.unt of ill health he nas waiver, m
all bu-ine eonne.te.'l- with the 'ale of his trees
it-Offlcee and Pecking Grounds, Main sire
P. o. Box 121, Orlando, Fla
Se YOUtember 5,18T7.




Bonietlieae Oranze Trco Emulsion,

the Best Insecticide .Extant. Coarse Ground
Bone for Poultry, S6ft Soap, and Soap Chips for
making soap suds.for Plants and Vegetables. ,
P. 0. Box 948. Jactsonvule, Fla

Ow'ii-non in|it om.,' fabhe-t' rgetabtesro 't tOI-O
Sothnib ca e. A l A IatroD'L o baer'
sa li. Ca r Cory orn, -ri a c oa rthr MR ,.
valuable es gtab~, iltie r .n he. e-ei

We' 'e fle,- i ,i [ n get an iitL.s ite i.kt :: f ti-d an-ai DeciduouE Friur Trees n.'w in
,,Uth FIrida. a.u- r to..k -. F.rt -t..ia-s and i rln,. a s,.r mte trade. Sea.I f.:- D, cer.prtre
C gtai-, t, n in l Pric,'. r.Li C-. ian'.. l e h ... i. .
E. TISON, -UnI iager Lakeland Nurseries.
Lakeland. Polk Co.. rla

a a L .n ,,r prolt r te al once .ir tr,, ,ru.-T c E,
ha i , A s, tapanese. Sa.sumahi Blood Plum ] to t pbeu, in m the
wol apan i t einul. and nuts of tall lsi ?or u ptr'.a t 'to.. n uis
NUtn TtF,r.ui' vaal-. iJack Crut..LI l amaC u rt. ant. Ge.le-
Cullier Dade County, Fl- rnda.
Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.

We make a specialty of the distinctive varieties of Citrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
Imperial Riverside (buds personally selected 1 by a i en iber ...Ir C-m, in Cu.o.n.
Washington Navels, Maltese- Blood, Hart', Tar.Iut,llDu R.-4. i .a S Tanger. e,
etc. In Lemons we'have Villa Franca, Belaim Pr urntwi eij-v, (en. a and Edieka Alon"eabi.t.
Limes Peaches (Bidwell's Early, etc.), ,Plum 3, Wite Aariati.e'lgst.. e al.
ur Stock is large and complete,thri and clean. Caal free on ap ic tion.
Address A.L. DUNCAN, manager, Dunediin, Ila.




We are now prepared to furnish


In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.

Catalogue sent free on application.

.KM1soy Jamao Pluivs, OUv Troes Oranies, Pigs Ltns, Pecaos,
By the dozen, hundredor thousand, also a full upply of other Nursery stock adapted to
ByFlorida and the Gulf States. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season;
of 1887-88. Write for priCs.-. Catalogue free on application.

LENI ST. MARY tllISERIES, G. L Taer, Propi, n18e, Mary, la

sie lOxO0 1 'onLake Kingsley, Clay Co, only $10. A
LOT ,fee ,in L ... I73_ T choice 5-acre" tract for a n ORANGE'
G(ROVE costs but S1OO. I
I i nr,,t i- P Lne j, S,, est
.7ntd et W nt D i FLORIDA.
ji ) EENtstam ,,lr .-!.i.,r r .m t P._. t.i
I Bank Dra t.i- TN'. "LBr. anr, -:irnt, L FLORIDA
perfect. ir.:, tne i e
T OP.EO Box 1Jaksonie, rorida, 9 Ba st.
P. 0. Box 15S.Jacksonville, Florida, 39 W. Bay St.


New York, Charleston and Florida
The elegant steamers of these ltnts are apJpointed to -.ail .'. -"
Steamniers are ahpoted to ail rvm Per E. R. N-w Y.:r.--rkrv TUESDAY and FRIDAY
at ii. mTuesav ships for Fernandnaa and Fradaa-' L hi-.- ir Jacksonville.
'oe- Freight and Paszenger a, on'modr,',n- I.,y tn;s Lo .re "n-ur ss d. Ever'7=t.ct ,i
wiL Fbe vgisnbusinessetorrustdit, the Ltne. Dire all sriprment: irobl New York vii CLY'DE'S
FLORIi LINE, Pier .2, East River. For further informalton al-plvfo
J. A. STEAD. A;', F. M. IRONMONGE.R,. ., G. F. P. A., .B. A. LESLIE, A gt,
. Fernandna. DFin. J ack,- onvdele, F P .. B t. B ,Ja.ekonvil 'e,
T E 6E. ,a Ma. "So. hares, Phda., Pa ,3 Broa.~way, New ork

Absolutely Pure Animal Matter-Guaranteed Analysis. .




l._:-----m..--- -. ... WAS.&A--

= ,. . .


Mauufaeru-rer orf


Anmmonia, 7 to 7,per cent. Bone Phosphate, 25 to 30 per cent. Equal to Phos-
phoric Acid, 12 to 14 per cent.


Ammonia, 3 to 4 per cent. Bone Phosphate, 501) to 55 per cent. Equal to Phos-
phoric Acid, 23 to 25 per cent.
See that our name and Shield Trade Mark Itson every Sack. Prices and
Samples furnisbed on application to
|ARmOUR & CO., JacksonvUle, Fla.

Commission Merchant and Forwarder.

Waycross R. R. Wharr, Waycrogs B."R. Depot, '

I have in stock and to arrive 250,000 Bangor Orange oxes .50 Giion*' Poplar Orange
Boxes, 200,000 Orange Box Heads, 766,000 OrangeBox .oof. 60,00 _eams Oran'e Wraps.

*and other Orowers' Supplies, all of Whiohwilln be Le Lowest pastble Rates."'
-.. | C .'.'- .. "* '..- -'
.. *' -. .- -i ", 4 ? -' ^,'r '-
I have the very beat facilities for thbedistributlon and sale of oranges. Consigunmfits solicited.
Send for Stenls, Circulars and Price Lists. '


I~ty E-~ th t FOR, 88ey orLet
.I.%oA. pronln. qrn-;-..dolar, namely, for twenty- r the Stare andi our readers generally ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1888.
t.Ae so in time. M Le L vStsn oftheold reliable FARmIR AND 'bat we wish them severally, A HFA.ppy O= M- peraI -igy :
~.. .. "sen" will' lead off _withopneto..his. most: FBurr-GRO*.i.iR1he-, too. will wish Nw YEAR. Inducements to Early Subscri-
1 -". -- instructive artOles. theyS weE'"old subscribers," and will R R E D IN UNION THERE IS STRENGTH. tar s to Volume Io th
T.aed Laura Sts Te apartment of Live-Stocl will be thank you for doing them so good a ser- REPORTS ON SEEDS DESIRED. The many thousand readers of the
-ayand Laura edited by Mr. Win. B. Schradrr, Vice- vice. We fet-el a lile diffident abut --- DEMANDSOF THE ALLIANCE. FARMER' A.ND FRUIT-GROWER will be,.
-. President for Florida of the Amnierican using the word oll in conn,-ction with IM mi- ,n- of Agriculture ____ gratified -'to know that in two months
THE FLORIDA PARNIER IND FRUIT Live Stock Asuoeiationt and manager of thiarjournal, ert with a limittn. w san urgent r f erort a, en from now-with 'the commencementrof
R OERLanE o Live Stock Aociation, and manager o journal. ecpt wih a limiIto th u Resolutions Adopted at the thesecondvolume-e firm of publica-
ted weerrv newPauper, deVOhed to the Farm. the Waverly Stock Faerms, near Talla- and tor thethe preut, .6lall content our- tee>s rsst et U otte p o nit nusin b d h wibl
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy yenr. We 's s om tha Shreveport Convention6 tion will be changed to that wfchhas
.and to the promotion of the agricultural and hassee. Mr. Schrader has a practical selves with the phrase, old reliable y. .sn g se t e h -an Srev epht w o n ven... tbeen generally adopted hy the agricul-
Industrial interestsOfFlorida. ItIspublished knowledge of this subject, and what he :'fifty applicats, buthaveheard fromonly ., a eaona arm- tural presd of the country. It will be-
notr RERSPCIEdNnPOPCTVtw.Ifdarsiy.iharpr dips'--Alliance anid C6 Operative Union of Concit a large quarto of six ,teen or it-,ore
ev Terms eof Subscription. writes is based on experience and not RETROSPECTIVE AND PROSPECTIVE. tw. f others will oble us with a report Americain Convention assembled, ad-co a
For one year......... ..... S 2.00 merely on. reading and casual observa- of their successes orfailures, we will corn- vocate and-endorse the following prin-ages, with a cover devoted to adver-
For six months 1.00. p.. h r ^ i In penning our last editorial lines for municate the same to the Commissioner ciples as in accord with the sentiments A fi ua o e ll
Clubs of five to one'address n....... ..ota . v, Vu 5 ., he has a au--...- n (
ttlho daiy tIMES -UNION one .year ........ 110.0 ticnt knhowege of. heaies t on w the year now departing, in turning the at Washington. Please report at once, and demands of the tillers of the soil', usedg the edges will be cut.and e-
WithdailyoTIMES-UNInON onee s Wyear .....10, at knowlegn os r t an te 1r gedemand first e bys, esw cu teitl
With daily TiMES-UNIO, six months 6.00 last leaf and closing the covers of the either to usor to the Commissioner di- st. We temaend unfoipage heading wilt be of new design. AnD
With WEEKY TIMES, one year .... 2.75 enable him to give reliable advice in mat- volume now colos incorporation of trades-unions, co-opera- index will be issued With the last num-
a-Subscriptions in all cages cash in .ad- tears of a veterinary character compete, we reauie more rect. tie stores and such other assciateonons a
vance, and no paper continued after the sensibly the defects than the merits of as may be organedr renderingg the secondvolume a con
expiration of the time paid for. The date on The department of Poultry will be .. AN OLDSUBSCRIBER'S OPINION. classes to i I .their ,e t condi-t venient and very valuable book of refer-
the printed label with which the papers are e wor accompse We might- improve r .financial co nce. The same style of type will be
of he ~mepai fo. Te dte n Te te wrk ccoplihed mihttion, or promote their general welfare, used as-now, anid the columns will be of
addressed is the date to which the subscrlp- ,conducted by Mr. E. W. Amsden, of have done better, ceartainlvy, and we have M. D R. J tnon, or promote their general welfare e asnow and the columnb u t wio t ae if
tion is paid and is equivalent to a reeipt for -n 2d We demand that all the public
hme ttadatef de not Ormond, one of the most successful rthe srame widh bustfour to the Wg in-" t
payen t tatdae;ifthedae ~ otOron, ne f hemot ucesfu abundant assurances that we might have sending a renewal of his s bsciription to lands be held in Small- bodies, not ex- Stead of six, and vproportiiin'atei3 shorter.
they subsrmberiwilly plteras notif usayet once. r rasr inFoia n n done worse. So far as this journal has *the publishers, writes: III have taken the ceeing three hiundied and twenty acres -Tire public will bet justitied Lfn the inm'
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub- is already well known to our readers, prove ed a success, we feel like giving all FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER since theo each purchaser, for actual setters o ferene that the proprietors of the
jects pertain to the topics FAdiMEReal AiD i-e easy terms of payment, Frn ha tFrorier a ta
thispjsper Wrtters may affixsuch signatures Poultry ra ing is ne of our most prom- the credit to the generous effort of initial number and I have for twenty 3d. That large bodies of ainud held by -iaed in making this improvement war-y
to their articles as they may choose, but must ising industries, but it needs to be man- nu ranted n making this improvement bv
furnish the editor with their fall name and e oe b contributors and suDboribers. Without years been taking agricultural and horti- private inii iduals or corporations shall th iiuqurlified success of the nournai.
address,not forpublicationbutasaguarantee sc i t ia o r o profita-' cultural paper and periodicals, and at1 s .e aaaessed for tauaton at such rates as dbaurand
ofgoodth. beu Rejected communicationscan- ble. Therefore it is a subject on which have availed nothing. Therefore ur say w out estaon a ave never n ey are oeredto purchasers on credit rapid gowth in the future. A journal
bne. Threor itured is aav subject nothing. Tefoe ursay without hesitation that I have never of one. two, and rlfree years. iin bodies of that stmrts but as this did without Lirom-
ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted to a limited reliable instruction is especially needed, sentiment toward the public is one of road one that filled the measure of use- one hundred and sixty acres o less. ising favor to atny locality, to any pri-
extent.. Rates furnishedonapplicaton and it is oneon which we have bestowed gratitude, and we are glad to feel that fulness for its State at large more corn- 4th. Tha whereaslage boieot our vate or cororate interest or to any par-
REMITTANCES should be made by Check, I at larar bo, com- r orcrioratitoa
Postal Note Money Order, or Registere much care from the outstart. I an interval of only a week will elapse pletely. I do hope that it will not eal- Public lands have been sold to foreign o nation, and which, on the
L t e ,t r e ofb al p u blic la n d s h a ve been sold to fo r- eig n t i c u a (r-.zt., n w i h h
a i rr f We wish it to be understood that all our very pleasant relations will be lowed to l i ll e- capitalists, thus tending to the establish- contrary' pledged its independence in
FLORIDAbefore our verypleasantrelations will be lowed to lapse, likes many really mer- ment of a landed aristocracy iu tbis
Jacksonville Fia communications in regard to live stock, all things S must Stand on itsown merits."s:
thJsoesumnd. itorious Southern literary ventures." country similar -to that whiclb hias re- Its vigorou- growth under such circum-
oultry, and floriculture, other than in- rin tat brief interval the year* o vigorous growl
pt and florcultre, the During duoed the people of 'Ireland. and other stances, and the innumerable expres..
TABLE OF CONTENTS. quiries, should be sent to the editor of and the volume, aod form of publication, Industrial Education. Monarchial Governments to a condition sions of approval which have come from
FIRST PA.-Colocynth; Oposed to Johnson this paper (at Jacksonville, Fla.,) as will change. Yet the-FARMER AND Col. L L Polk, editorof the of abj ct serfdom, we demand the pas- all quarters, prove conclusively that this
thsD Col. L. L. Polk, editor of the ro- sage of laws forbidding the ownership of journal has met a popular need, and that
Grass; Forage, etc., in Putnam Co.; Teosinte heretofore, in orderthat their publication FRUIT GROWER, in all essential features, gressive Farmer, in his address delivered lands by aliens, whose allegiance belongs a great future is aspured-to it simply by
in Connecticut; Holstein Cattle, (Ilustrated); may not be unnecessarily delayed remain the same Some features of fore e Farmers' Inter-State onven
Very Supeor Cattle; Breeds of Cattlen e es deae. t will remain the same Soe features of before the Farmers'ld in Atlanter-a last Auguste Conven to other nations,and that the public do- following the line of policy thus far.
Sinquiries intended for these departments. the first volume we were dissatisfied with T10e, main te held as the heritage of our own pursued.
SEcOND PAGE.-FooI Plants of Japan; Seedless should be addressed as follows: from the first, and these will be changed. he great and imperative need Of ur people and our children after'us. The FARMER AND FRIT-GROWER
Florida Oranges; Heavy maturing; A Mole Stock- Win. B. TSca h and changed. peducino our time, is the practical 5th. That all lands forfeitable by rail- made its appearance at a timie' which
Tdreing Under Green Crops. satisfy education of the masses. Wherever roads or other corporations, immediately may be termed the turning point in the
urEgUnderGreenCrops.ives The second volume may not fully satisfy ivof the masses, Wherever- i the
T PAGE-Cotton and Its History; Rusted Fla. s, and we shall strive to improve upon bu- vrt.,to the Government, nd be de- Stat(e's industrial history. It was to reet
Cotton; SelectingoFertilizers; KillingoutPer- hasst et improve to nished mental machinery, but we owe it cared open for purchase by actual set- rliise.bango and give voice toa new pop.
Cotto; Select tiers;KinoutPer- Poultry-E. W. Amsden, Ormond, it in the third; our aimbeing to make o ourselves, to our posterity, and to t tlers on the same terms as, other public ular sentinient that this journal was es-
sisteut Roots; Ceme.t on the Farm. Fla. this a model as a journal for the farmer world, to see to it thatthey are provided lands. bli he. ten th ou-
FOURTH PAGE-Our Plans for 1888; Retrospec- Floriculture-P. W. Reasoner, Mana- nd his family withtheweaponsof practicalknowledge 6th W d htabl ished. fA c izen of one of thesouthwi-
tire and Prospective; ,Reorts on Seeds De- tee, Fla. (Until May Mr. Reasoner should aTheF 6h a de tat a fe b er cuntiEs writes to the editor: 'It is
sired; Better Late ThanNever; An Old SubARRAND FRUITGROWER has with which to fight life's battles. Let us removed, by-force if necessary, frompub- tintm' that new departure-'b made in
sicriberts pinion; IndustrianlEducation; d- be addressed at the Sub-Tropical Exposi- had odds to contend with that seemed t to be proud of it. Let us teach them how lclandsunlawfullyfencedbycattleco te old stems oi larming in Florida.
scriber's O-)jnion; Industrial Education; De- tobepourfrt.Ltiseahshmo syndicates, or' any other form or [Intelligent new methods will pay. Thait
mnds of the Alliance, tion, Jacksonville, Fla., where he occu- i insurmountable. It was projected at a to make a dollar and how to live on 90 nae n other form or Inellient ew methods will pa." Th
name of monopolyno expresses the spirit if the times and the
FITrm PAGE-Our Cosy Corner; Answers to piestheposition of superintendent of the time when thie State was at theheight of, cents of it. Establish institutions forthe 7th. We demand the extinguishment sentiment which tis joureal has advo-
Correspondents; The Family Friend; Our horticultural department.) its prosperity, but before its prospectus practical, industrial education of the ofthepublic debt bf the U s top tub
masses of our people. thUted States c'oed and sought to build up on tbesub-
Young Folks' Corner; The family Exhange. The Household Department or "Home appeared there occurred the disastrous It will be a glorious day for the South by operating the mints to their fullest stantial basis offacts and experiences.
SIXH Orne; Dparmet apeaed lorousda capacity in coining silver and gold, and As evidence that- the FARMErR AND
SIx PAGE-Veterniary Advice; About Driv- Circle" will be conducted, as heretofore, frost whichiblighted the hopes of thou- when our young men shall not be the tendering ofthe same without dis FRr-GRwER has the cordial support
ingHorses; DairyNotes, Poultry Statistics; by Helen-Harcourt, and the Family Ex- sands, and compelled the people gener- ashamed to hag their diplomas in their crimination to the public creditors of FRr-GROWERha the cordialsupprtof-
Indigestion; Replies to Inquires; Preserving workshops, their factories, their labor the nation according o contract, the most lutelligent and progressive cit-.
Eggs. change Will continue to be one of its ally to retrench in their expenditures. It tores, their school-rooms and their farm 8th. We demand the substitution of IzenS. it is sufficient to refer to ils large
SEENTHAE-fFarm Miscellany rated; features. We think. Cousin Helen's seemed a most unfavorable time for houses. It will be a glorious dav for the legal tender Treasury notes for the issues ing a hundble or morebody of conthe b est o ,agri-
Serial Story, "All the World at War, by t helping hand and words of cheer would starting a journal like this, yet the pro- South when her young ladies, educated, of national banks; that the Congess of u rl r or a -agri-
Walter Besant; etc. be sorely missed by thousands of readers, jectors felt that at this juncture a prac in all the higher and refined arts of life, the United States ,hall regulatete cultubtal writers i Florida and many in
shall boast and without blushing f amount of suchisue by per capita rare sh vt--
EIPHTH PAGE-State Newsin Brief; Jackson- and that they will be glad to know that tical farm paper would be welcomed by equal proficiency in the manageme amount of suculation that-shal isun crease and keep cir- e eries aL D hre of Te s -
Vil' omre;.Dw h etCoast; The her fredymnsrtosare to bco- thkeoleoreoripofTn
ville's CommerceDown theWest CastThe her friendly ministrations are be con- the people morecordially than before, the household and the flower garden. pace with the growth of the country ee r L'Phare Mu'is-
OrangeMarkets; January Weather; Market tinued through the coming year. .Meanwhile Florida's unscrupulous rival Teach them the important principles populate and the Cexpansion of her Cle A'icuta ole H on. A N.
ReporCle s.Ne York;t, 'an the expansio of hew
epo Theo erial stories we have been pub- on. the Pacific. shore, by the basest involved in the great Science of.Agricul- business interests. We further demand oese, o-New Vork; J K. epr t, of New
OURPLANS FOR 1888 shin have "long.drawnout," turethe nobility- of honorable industry, the repeal of the present national bank- Jesy, beside several representatives of
OUR-PLANS FOR 188. hg ave k ow b oo "long m uot, mea n succeededians d eia ting and thus lift burbovs to a higher plane lag system. the Depa~tment of Agriculture.
thatweknow st of ourreaders must this State in public favor, and in turning of thought, of aspiration, and of man- 9th. We demand that the Department Aconsderabe accession tothereset
With the present number the FARMER tire of -following 'them.- Therefore we Suternrel Westward, and when hood of Agiliue be made one o the de- number of cntributos isexpeted, and
AND FRUIT-GROWER completes rts first have concluded to substitute other mat- finally our trt isue appeared it found The most pitiable of all the examples partmenrts of State; that it shall be in- various attractive features will be added.
s,.'of D t th pope little i n tpenrd -thr. of worthless manhood, is that young creased in scope and efficiency, and i For the benefit of orange growers the
volume aid lays aside the newspaper ter. Col. F. C. M. Boggess, of DeSoto the people little inclined to spend their manroud to be poor and too onecrtin therwith, there sha be latest market report wil be published
form., The first number of the second county, oneof the early settlers of South dollars on doubtful enterprises. lazy to work. A, the towering spirits establistedi a bureau of labor statistics. during the -season of sales. Arrange
volume will appear on the 4th of Janu- Florida, has prb6iseda series of rem- That this journalistic enterprisewas, that have been stripped of their bright 1Wth. W- demand the enact ment of mets hamve been made with reliable
ary next, and will present-many improve- iniscences of his early experiences, generally regarded as precarious, we do plumage by this unmanly and cowardly laws to scopel corporations t pay their houses in New York, Philadelphia, Bos-.
dreads ofcfot hoorbl waor Le ils havea imnr~-e -tci-hen whc coirac in ton. Baltimore,-v ancdo'n en. nLouisn
ments. Henceforth it will appear the which will be bothinstructi-veand enter- not-doubt. Several other journals of institutionsforthe special Let us have emplvee cordu lo contracts, n h ton, nsuch repaltmoret, b telagograph on the.. Louis
form very generally adopted by the lead- training. We intend that this journal the same character had been started ing of the train and the hand, andthius giving to mechanicsandlaboers r eve of publication. Every farmer arid
ing agricultural journals of the coun- henceforth shall be confinedd to facts" during the previous.year and had come bring forth an armv of young men in lien uponthe products of their. labor to fruit grower, and every housekeeper as -
try, alargequarto with cut edges. There and yet not be altogether prosy. We to a speedy eind! This circumstance was ip.i ani ti t an appreciation of abthe lori th Than t the laro s relating to be worth to hit: many thimesete priceofl
will be sixteen pages-to be increased shall excludefiction, and consign to the a stumbling block in oUir-wy. Why an whose skill attd ability shallr n- s i ofthe ansm in o hei bs to his ja iete o
a c c o r d in go n t ho t r a n m i s i o n ofr iem ch f, us e a k t o m
according circu tances-h" "'four aste basket communications ihat are;should another journal that promised no mand success. We need and must have moral, pofn or subscen o itra- F ds itr aevaemet, o.a
outer ones to be devoted to advertise- manifestly impractical. mote succeed any better? That question- skilled artisans, skilled mechanic, t deserves t pp t eer po
more 5, m~~~~~~~~teics, through, the mails be made stringent, i eevstesfpr feeypo
ments. The first page of each number Weshallencourage the utmostr freedom could only be met by pointing to the skilled lscentBtor 'skilled. agriculturists, ant b eutendle as he so as torsuppres the gretis ci- o. cz e-
skle labo and sklldiam inlrar misn f such literature by any With' this change of form of the
will also contain classified table of con- of criticism.and dincus-ion that is con- character of the managers. The people departments of industry, if we would public carrier. "FARMER AND, FRorT-GROWER: theonly
tents, which will be-removed in binding, sistent.with journaliStic propriety and were so far satisfied that they gave our develop and 'utilize all the varied and 12th.' We demand that the United objection that has been urged will be
a complete indexfr the volume to be econo'mi'of space, e.-ludin, of course, enterprise generous support from the wonderful capabilities of this highly 'States Government purchase by riht of removed. There has been much dissat-
coplteide fr h vluetoft eoom o saeexldig.ofcureIfavored section. -emb.inent domain. the telehone and tele- isfaction wmth the, "newspaper form,"
substituted for the fifty-t.wo partial in- a certain range of topics, not co iing outstart. The FARMER AND FRUIT- vand of our children will l b g lies and tele- isfaction witoth the "newspaper form,"
dexes A fine quality paperr will be within the scope of this journal. Indus- GRowER was recognized as filling a long numbered among onehundred and fifty graph ntes antd rate them as ad- and subscribe because in a journal of ailed
A_ d. but we will explain that the first. tria co-operation will be given promi- felt want in Florida, and its supporters millions of American people. That viceof the Unitclass they wanted something in book
installment received, which will have to nence, andweshallendeavor toprogresS" multiplied from week to week, young man who shall be able to write 18th. That in view of the fact that form," tat could filed handily and
before his maturity, the date, January the delegates. to this hotly represent a bound for future reterenoe This change -
be used first, is not so heavy as that from generalizations to special and prac- We could expect but little income from A.'D. 2000, will look out upon ana eia the delegates to this body represent a boundfor futuassured, and eturce Thischange
:which will be used afterwards. tical applications of this grand and far. advertisements at the outstart. The long fraught witi' t grandest and m ajos t cotton belt of Amthe cott producers of the is .now assured mad further improve-
PIn w-r fegaus n otcto et0~eiawihbl r-mns will be madein proportion, .to tho.
From the outstart we have invited reaching principle, from which farmers and dull summer was before us, and stupendous achievement and glorious duces over two-thirds of the cotton of jour growth.
criticism and have tried to acquaint can, if they .will, derive incalculable matters were made worse by the early triumph of intellect and genius that has the whole world, and in view of the The proprietors have made arrange-
marked any period in all the 'vorld's further. fact that two-thirds of the cotton merits by which they, will he enabled to
ourself with the wishes of our readers, benefit: breaking out of an epidemic in South history. Shall we not equip and tr the cfaotton bhaelt two-hirdsfthe cotton mets y which they will be enabled to
hiswv.Shal W no eqip ad trin n hcotbetidmaednd used supply, at a small co~t, a superior binder
Many of them, of course, do not under- In the matter of illustrations we:think Florida. The form of our paper also, him for the responsibilities which h9 for export to a foreign power, which or temporary cover, in Which the num-
standor take intocsideraton the lim- we can promise an improvement. By was found to be unpopular, beingunsuit- must inevitably encounter? fixes the price on every pound of our bers may be placed as received and be
stations of editorial management, ut experience we expect to profit in this as able for folding and binding. After we cotton; and in view of the fact that the kept as securely and in nearly as con-
with the exception of occasional objec- well as in other particulars. Wd shall promised to change the form at the close Texas has created a department of ag- said power is debarred from returning to venient shape as if in a bound volume.
tonsadvertisemnts and otherto "stand- have improved facilities for doing ri- of the volume certain eron rh ricultu re, insurance statistics and histo- this country a single yard of manufac- At the end of a year, the.completed vol-
tions advertisements ard otherto "stand- hae improved families for doing orii- of the volume, certain persons, through ry Its agricultural work involves lured cotton, thereby making said pow- nine with index may be boundin regular
ing matter't-which are necessary fea- nal work very soon, in view of which we self-evident motives, boldly asserted that gathering and publishing information of er interested in crowding down to the form,'and the cover used as before for
lures of a self-supporting journal-we have held back for several weeks articles we would never do so, and that our interest to, Texas agriculture and the lowest figure the price of cotton, we the succeeding volume.
can remember of but three ob collection of agricultural statistics, for hereby demand that the United States Desiring to commence thenew volume '
an remember of but three objections which we wished to present with fine journal was destined to a speedy end, which purpose tax assessors are oliged Govenment adopt a speedy system of with a largely increased subscription list,
that ae be urged hereafter The publication of illustrations In th is a in other matters Despite these seemingly insurmounta- to make a ensus of farm crops when reduction of the import duty on manu- the iollowing offer is made as a special
beurged hereafter. The pu blica.tion of we aim to be strictly practical. If our ble difficulties, this mountain of obsta- assessing property. This excellent fact ed cottons in such a way as to do inducement: Each subscription to the
monthly calendars of work removed the object were merely to make a show of cles, the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER foundation for accurate crop reports will justice t.o t his, the greatest of all classes FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, accompa-
f irst objection. The second and priuci- pn-t,,,5, we couldeasily doso by buying has gri-wn and flourished. Its derac- repnable ire ctmme lnie to publish crop ot produce. reied by tw o dollars that is received be
.. -..._-reports om time t time, which the act. 4th. We demand such a revisn tween the 15th f November and the 1st:
pa b o, longer up old electrotypes' As this is not de- tors,-through the transparency of their specifies he-shall, do.--Fa-m alyd -ome, thetihsi llla 'the heaviest' bure
be.raised, north third, which redited to signed to bea "picture paper," we have motives, have had their weapons turned :dens on .theluxuries and the lightest on at the end o ithe year 1888. The same
"ourseril trorie. The li.tter will be ds- preferred to have original wood cuts against themselves. But we will not in- '-The pencil wood industry of Florida the necessaries of life, and as will reduce privilege is extended to those getting up
S continued here:atter, and reading matter made, when at the same time' we could dulge in animadversions. "We can af- gives employment tohundreds of opera- the incomes from imports to a strictly clubs. Ths it will be seen that those
tives anti Pots a vataonofm eyrvueb-i who subscs-ibe first will get the most for
S'\ofa more substantialand perhaps equally at far less cost have obtained more showy ford to forgive, consider ring that we ave' intones n e a t aou of money revenue bat -is scre rsa remedy against thete mos or
-'rtain character wll be t m E rth That as a remedy against the
pertaining c cr will be substi- illustrations having little or no connec- not been injured, and we trust that they worl'ssupply ol pencilwoodcomes beforeChristmas will receive from one
,. g i j s ey 'r, Lsuppl Apeneil~odcomefro- unjust accumulation and encroacm,, efonhitaswilrciv ri
utd. tion with Florida topics, who have sought but failed to injure us, ihe swamp i.a~ds of Levy county, and, of capital, we demand a graduated in- to slx numbers free, Wetrust each pree-
"'Haviugdescribed theprincipal changes In these and other particulars we aim will heuceforth become 'our cordial co- thte product of the mills is shipped to come tax. ent subscriber will tell his neighbors of
S: that; are to be made in the FARMER AD to sho t~hat. ou, o,-to is ,-celsior .--.' "- New York, New Jersey and to Germany. 16th. Th t as upon the intelligence of this offer, and make some exertion to ob-
FR ._ OW wewill proc to a With the' ontinued assistance of our Toeusubscribers, and more especially Company .are located at. Cedar Key. petuity ofe,,p our o free g rt, "..t
more detailed mention of the features many and able contributors we intend to to our coutrihutors, we return our thanks [ The sawdust is distilled in larg- retorts, demand for the masses a well regulated "We Know, by Experienlce."
Horticbee tterem wilhe ue poietcesn ere rdt tooForideasb f hu r land a valuable oil is extracted, every system of in~utiladarclua d o he eisw aeue rd '-
.to e expected in the next volume, build up a journal which will 'be, in in- f ,eir generous support and manYounce of which finds ready sale at r -y yt o n ustrial andagricultural ed- V.For three ytes we have used Brad- -
!.asortcuture wll be made prominent creasing degree,:a credittoFlorida as words of encouragement during the pe- ner'ative prices. t'h.YThat- ucaton. w pos t c leygs Vegeiable Ferbighzer. After test-
asheretofore. Ti thiis department many reliable source of information on all in- nod so critical in any journal's exist- influx"' ofpaupera labor fromppse the monoi lneiers, aong.e p h other thhiggrade anferyl
of out best nurserymen wll be frequent dustnial topics, ence. Strength comes with age. True -The public spirited citizens of Mann- archies of Europe, whose anarchic views sold in Florida. We shall use it again
contributors. A sub-department of Finri- merit win"ss cs. We only ask favor tee propose to issue a paper descriptive and communistic doctrines are bleeding this year.e
l cltrewil b itroucd edediedby. ... .. .....-if. th, e varied and attractive resources of discontent and disloyalty to Jaw, order, :We do no heitt tosyt "hee
c a edied BETTER LATE THAN NEVER. f Othisjournal commensurate wit its their cotminr..y for distribution at.o o..t- e d d t d by n e gowSrs of Fridato that the cane-
-i W.Resoer woisto) el ntrinsic worth, -'. Tropical E~xpositian. Manatee will al-: overplus of worthless laboi-, reducing not use anything so good as Bradley's
known to our readers ned any cl m- A new subscriber in Lee county, in Foridacan afforid tostand on her own! wajshe found in the font tanks. our- wn laboring classes to starvation; Flo'ida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
inendation of ours. Monthly calendars sending in his subsciiption, remarks: "I merits.. Wirh these she can 'surmount we therefore demand more stringent by expe-ience what we say regarding
ytotwork in the orchard, garden and field, wish [ had seen a cop' sooner. I would temporary reverses and overcome her o niixe wiho sa, cutow aed on is eal laws. to prevent this nouatrl bmfno thts feltth &zer WIL nR .
-" rilb prpae byCl -mod subsc'rie." e t,,,nk- detractors.. They already see the+ hand- gi',e moire milk and considerably riche~r I~unists arnd paupersof other countr+ies. : "-. + ..' Ft. Mason. Fla- "-'
t_.i ter who has been known to1 Suthern ful that you are saved from additional writingon the wall, "Thou art weighed than when fed on the beet hay alone. 18th, Weddemand that the constit- U s...
^. riculturists for the past thirty five regret by longer delay, .Now go out in the balances and found wanting."-T f arme s f L'ev---y o a amtionsd both State ande fNational,t be so -nGroves where Williams, beark &u o's
rs. amongrthenpeopGeofrth Farmiinngroud.Floridai aboutoris to a higher plane prepare g to engage mere extensively of United States Senators by direct vole looking finely. .
Se among the people-oof the ,'eaibn round Florida is abouety o rise t o f heehieprd cng t ne ev eri ot gaevdye.county areof amended as to provide for thet election Oran-e Tree F,.rtiizer ha been used are
gedpretofGnalFrngaoout you and show uhem the ~t way .of prosperity, anwe el iepeioSn +thn-eerin-truokgarenig : of th p,,le" ......r -drcvt '^ Wn^M CLARK & Co. "...-


T. G~RO '8.-887


m m' gi .l FRITT-GRCWER in regard to dairy uten-
aSaint f.P si tk. silE, especially creamers. Below I give
Syou a rdeviiptiton cf a cremer we are
.. ............. ........ using and think it equal to any made.
LEE HA COURT. Editor. It is simply a box made from matched
lumber the size required. with a matched
hp lining, leaving an air ciamnber tv,, or
m helping hand and a Welcome for all three'inches wide. Then the inside of
ish to be friendly nd makthe box or creamer s lid with zin
words of good counsel for old friends and the box rr r is lined with ZinC.
'new, Across the narrow way there are iron
o come'to us seeking the best way to do. bars soldered across.' The buckets have
a.l questions of general interest will be projections soldered on eiher
swervedd through these columns ears or projections soldered on ei her
Personal inquiries will be answered bymail side, and when the buckets are filled
sen accompanied by stamp for reply. with milk they set between these iron
Subscribers are cordially Invited to tae a bars their proectios fitting tightly un-
at In our Cosy Corner, and exchange views, bar the project ions fitting tightly un-
Serices and recipes of mutual benet. der the bars to hold them in position.
elp ye one another." The cover of the creamer has a zinc box
Communications intended for publication in it three to four inches deep.- The box
est e brief, clearly written and only on in the cover is filled with water, as also
ill matter relating to this department the' creamer below. The water should
uld be addressed to come as near the top bf the milk cans as
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower possible. Milk should be put into the
Montclair, Fla. creamer immediately after milking.
The object of a creamer is not only to
SC y Corner. hold milk at a lower temperature, but
Our Cosy Co er to cool it off as quickly as possible. If
1 From one of our most valued cor- milk is left to cool off slowly the cream
"spondents we have the following globules are gradually dissolved and mix
amusing with the milk, and no amount of churn-
:NCIDENT OF THE "LATE UNPLEASANT- ing will bring out the butter. I hope
NESS. 1 -.. this will assist some to make their own
For several years our leading maga- creamers, who do not feel able to buy a
zines have been reviewing, as it were, Cooley, and still have something equal to
the incidents of the late war. These ar- the best.using at theorth
tides are quite the correct thing, for The creamers we are using a t the North
soon most of the actors in the strife will d from i to twelve milk cans, two
be numbered with the majority, and. rows in each creamer. E. V. B.
these memoirs are interesting and of 0
value to the future historian. I notice Answers to Correspondents.
a lack of sketches from. our State, may- : F.. L. S., Raleigh, N. C. Your answer
betecause we were fortunately not in to W. F. S. in Family Exchange, received
the track of the desolation that followed and forwarded.
in the moving of armies. H. B., Greensburg, Ind. Reply by
Still we had'a little affair at our place, mail of 'December 20th. You apparently
.at the time when it was a-picket post of share in the mistaken idea that" "im-
the 'Confederacy, in which the ladies proved property" or "grove property"
were rather conspicuous, and as the de- in Florida is held in like value, acre by
*tails have never been in print, the acre, with improved farm property in
Home Circle may find it interesting. the wide North. "There is but one Flor-
There were very few men in Florida ida," and the demand for her lands is
:the last year of the war, even hardly destined to exceed the supply. A bear-
grown boys had gdne into the army, so ing or nearly bearing, orange (or other
the women managed affairs. We had fruit) grove here is in reality a life-long,
plenty of corn, oats, rice, sugar, flour yearly-increasing annuity, and is not to
and meat, though prices were pretty be compared in value with .a similar
high. Flour was $Ik a" barrel, sugar 25 farm North or West, whose products and
cents to 80 cents a pound, calico, 30 cents locality may be duplicated a thousand
,and 40 cents a yard, and other things times over in theme climatic range.
.about the same ratio. Still, in many L. H. K., Baltimore, Md. Your in-
places one thing was lacking-one little quiries replied to fully by mail of the 13th
item of the bill of fare-could you guess of December. -
it? There was no salt. Such families J. H. G., Monticello, Fla. Your an-
who had such a- luxury as an old grand- swer to Mrs. W. J. N.'s exchange ad.
sire too old for war, sent him down to duly forwarded.
-some hidden bayou along the coast, -with- E. C. T.,, San Mateo, Fla.; W. N. G.,
a gang of servants and some sugar ket- Waldo, Fla. Your answers to Lee's ex-
ties, and thus obtained salt from' evapo- change ad. forwarded.
ration of sea water,-but north and west -
of us the people became salt-sick ftordlack Our Young Folks' Corner.
-of this important seasonintig.' u Yon F s
At that rime the Government had Du .ON.
- made our big depot the terminus of the (Continued.)
railroad, and- had stored up shell. shot, That pincushion, what an unending
powder, bacon, syrup awd sugar for the source of delight it was to little 'Don! It
army in great quantity, and here a spec- was a large one, with "y initials and a
ulator had sold the Government quietly flower ,.border worked in heads, and then
some 500 bags of salt at a good round 'all the rest filled in with zephyr, as to
figure, and with -the salt the soldiers keeping any pins in it after Don took
would have been served, if- possession, well, I put them back each
In the raeantime the';people above us day:after his outing was over, and of
were in a bad strait. Salt could not be course they remained "till the next
,had for love or money. Meat clubs were time." 'As to taking, the--funny little
formed to quickly divide and use fresh fellow's occupation away from him be-
meat before it -could spoil. Everybody cause it made some trouble for me, I had
felt as if they were getting "too fresh," not the heart to do it, especially after
and all this time "Uncle Jo" Mc. had what he did one day, I should have had
that big pile of salt in 'the depot, and a heart of flint had I interfered with
slept the sleep of the just in fancied se- him.
-curity. Nobody knows just how the Don had been very intent on pulling
word got out to the palt-sick people, but out the pins. hopping with them to the
-one fine morning maybe twenty carts 1 edge of the ,ur'eau and dropping then
came up the lane and into the plaza on the floor, utintil one was left. Soor
around the depot. Ox carts, horse carts 'after he concluded to go home to his
-and mule carts, and in each cart a cage and get his dinner, the door being
woman with an ax or club. There were fastened opened so that he could go and
but few families living here, no soldiers come at will.
nearer than Gainesville, and without let While he was there, very busy, I set
-or hindrance, a procession formed and to work to pick up the pins, telling Don
marched to the depot, a tall, gaunt, that he was a naughty boy to make me
muscular woman at the fore. "Uncle so much trouble; it really seemed as il
-Joe" came out and locking the door be- he understood every word, for at once he
hind him politely addressed the ladies, stopped eating his seeds, hopped into the
-"Good morning ladies. How can I serve doorway, cocked his head to one side t(
you?" .stare at me the better; then down he
"Open de do'! "We's come for salt, an' ;came on my head, then my shoulders
-saft we's gwine to have," was the grim then ran down my arm, and on to t lie
reply. floor, where he made haste to pick up
"Uncle Jo" remonstrated, argued, pin, then flew with it to the top of th
threatened. The replywas, "Open de do', bureau, laid it down and came back for
*or we take de ax to.hit." It was no use. more. He actually helped. me pick ui
He gave up the key and in they, marched, those pins just as nicely as you coulc
took a sack of salt apiece, and back home have done, and when they were all pu
- they went; they had "saved their 'ba- back on the bureau, he jumped on my
Zion." Of course the raid was at once re- shoulder, puffed himself out like a ball
.ported, and an officer sent post haste to and rubbed his' beautiful black velvet
protect the property by a show of mili- cap over my cheek with the greatest de
-tary authority. Two days elapsed and light; then he whistled one of his tunes
the plaza was again filled by a larger still sitting on my shoulder, and then
.crowd of women in carts-at least forty. went home again to finish his dinner
"Now," said Uncle Jo, '"Lieutenant do satisfied that he had done his duty and
your duty, they are back for more salt," atoned for his fault.
"and then he waited to sea the fun. In a I am.very much afraid that if any on,
minute the officer mei the ladies. He I did not'know very well had ,told mi
was a spruce little dandy fellow, full of this pin storyabout a bird, I should havi
importance, and at the demand for th6; called it in my own mind "a fish story.'
key, ordered them away-they could not not a true one, though of course I would
have the salt. ,, have been too police to say so, if I wa,
Law, who's that a talking' so big"" assured it was true. So now perhaps
said Mrs. S., who was fully six feet high. shall be doubted myself; although it i
**W immen git that r'.pe a,'n' tie thi lit- all true, but I do not think any one whi
tIe seller." In vain be caxed, scolded has ever owned a bullfinch will disbelief
and threatened, they were inexorable, it, for no more intelligent bird lives, no
"De meat is spilin', and we has folks in even a parrot.
.de wah. If you don't shot up I'll throw By and by, something besides the pin
you in de gully." The Confederacy sub- departed from that devoted cushion; th
sided, and more salt went to the "rural thread that held the beads had served it
deestricks." What action the authori- time for someyears, and hadgrown ten
ties took I never could learn,.but the der and weak from age, just like **folks.'
ladies went scot free, and I expect some In taking out a pin one day I pulled on
of them will resd this bit of war history, of the beads loose, and ot course th
and smile grimly at the memory of the bright sharp, eyes otf that industriou
necessity that led to a raid on Confeder- bird quickly pied the break, and th e tot
"ate salt'in 1864. UNCLE DOCTOR I tearing condition of the beads on eacl
ARCHER, Nov. 15, 1887. side of it; you can guess the result. Do9
had found a fresh source of fun, and thi
HOME MAD)E CREAMERS. beads shared the fate of the pins, except
a following communication .. i that they could not be put back. it wa
prove of value to many of our leaders ad a ov erytO Dol shbb cIon; as
Swho do not teel able to purchase a Cooley was gien or to Don nurey as a plait
Creamer, yet appreciate the advantages grou nh. ne wao shi utin his cage.
of the process. The writer runs a cream- One day-I shall never forget, it if
ey in Maryland, and knows practically lie to be a hundred years old-it oc
*whereof he speaks curred to place a hand mirror, at
Editor Horte Circle: upright one, on the bureau and see whba
I see many inquiries in your depart- Don would think of it. ..
ment, of the FLORIDA FARMER AND He was "toting" pins as usual, anm


Free :na appl-atiofl"' All varieties of fruit trees suited t. FloOrid "ea.'k n enrsl Trees,'" ----'i
Rnees atmnd G(r.-nhouse PI ns Ailres .-
R. D. HOYT, Bay View, Fla. ,.


came hopping along intending to drop trees. pealI. pear. plt' _td.-asparagus
his load cverl.ard at the end of thie hu- crown, frir a p.,ir of t fhtiugbred-An-~
r-au. Ailhe caine in fronr, ot:f the glass gora goati, a tull blood Jrsey or H61-
lie e.t'.pld. stared, down went tlihe pin. stein-Frresian bull calf, a thoroughbred
and Don began to dauce back n,]nd forth, bulldog pup. or a good double-barrel
his wings Jdrooping. his featlier stand- sltot-gun. Write description and value,
ing tiaiilt iut.-hits eyves. The other and get prices. J E. C.
bird aggravated him: by mocking his Wanted, orange or any other fruit
every movement. Once in a while he trees adapted to Central Florida; in
got out of range of the glass; then -he return will paint copies of portraits any
suddenly straightened out -and looked size desired, or pay in St. Andrew's or
the astonishment he felt, buafa few hops Lakeview lots. 'MRS. E. M. I.
would' bring his unexpected visitor in Having more bees th ca I can manage,
sight again, and "then came ,more fun. will exchange some of them for a good
Finally Don found it too much to bear, gull sheep, or whatever else would be
and he made a dash right against the of value. Make offers. Said bees are in
glass. movable frame hives, and .averaged
The result was ludicrous. He drew nearly 100 pounds of surplus honey per
backhand made another attack. Then swarm the past season. H. C. D.
he straightened out, stood on tiptoe and s e p euava
gently touched that other aggravating For sale, 50 dozen 4 and 6 ounce guava
bird with hisbeak, then with his tongue. jellies in glasses, in prime condition,
but still he could not understand it. 'Once home-made and warranted first-class; $2
or twice he commenced scolding and and $2.50 per dozen. '. P.
made another attack on it. Then he got Will exchange (or sell) palm( tto hats,
an Idea; he solemnly marched behind also a 8-ounce switch of light brown hair,
the glass, and coming out in front where, and a bunch of ten pampas plumfes, for
only that other queer bird could be' a zephyr shawl, eggs of Toulouse geese,
found, he paused and stared intently at Bronze turkeys, orLeConte pear or peach
it, scratching his head vigorously ever trees,or crochet trimming,oi good honey.
and anon, just as people often do when MRS. C. W. R,
puzzled. Will exchange for part Florida land,
Then he flew on top of the glass, and part cash, a "Perfect Hatcher" incuba-
leaning over, looked behind it and in tor, prime order, 320-egg capacity, and
front at the same time. That inspection "Perfect Brooder" for 150 chicks. Value
seemed to satisfy him that the other $140. Also American fruit drier, No. 1,
bird had not, as he evidently suspected, good order, value $40. Both offered for
hidden behind the glass, but could only want of use. Descriptive pamphlets
be found at the front door, so he came sent. MILNOR.
down and stared fixedly at it for awhile, Wanted-To exchange cassava cane
then, as it refused to fight, he concluded for improved nursery stock, or will for
to make the best of it. five cents per foot or $4.00.per hundred
He first ran his tongue all over the feet J. M. L.
glass as if to kiss his visitor, then he Wanted-To exchange thoroughbred
stood in front of it and whistled all his Plymouth Rock poultry for goats.
tunes one after the other, dancing about C. D. P.
and bowing to the other bird all the Will exchange carefully named nur-
while, and finally he hopped away, sery stock, orange and lemon, for a
picked up a pin and laid it at its aeet, r soc d- sned wgmon or ar
then another and another, until finally good second-hand single wagon or haT. r-
the company bird had quite a pile of n ill exchange a Devon bull, three
Don's shining treasures., years old. for a fine Ischea breech load-
Then he went home, but almost at y double barrelled shot gun.
once came out again to peep at the new ng double barrellM. A. B.
comer, and it was only when I took the Wanted to exchange, seeds of cassava
glass away that he felt satisfied to settle and Bermuda arrowroot ("cassava seed"
down in his own quarters. is the cane, "arrowroot seed" the roots),
(To be continued.) for the following nursery stock: Peen-to,
Honey and Bidwell peaches, Japan plums
A Very Good Trick. or persimmons, Delaware or Niagara
grapes, cuttings or plants of roses, and
To suspend a bottle from a match laid other- flowers and ornamental plants-
on the edge of a table, may seem an in- or best offer, or cash. LEE.
possible feat, but the experiment will Wanted to exchange, eggs for hatch-
prove how easily it may be accomplished. i of Light brahmas, Wyandottes, and
Tie a piece of twine securely around the White Leghorns, all pure and of the best
neck of a bottle; then lay a match'on rains; also a trio of W. r. B. Polish,
the cork, hold it firmly, bring the ends sr a garden seed-drill, or .n Bncubator
of the twine up over it and tie a tight of 200 or 00 egg capacity, with or with-
knot, forming a loop. You may remove ^ brooders. E. W. A.t
the match to. show that you have simply Wa n toexchange for art.Floida
tied a -loop. Then insert the match Wanted to exchange, for part Florida
throup h the loop, and rest one end on land, and long, easy cash payments, a
the cork and lay the other on the pro- first-class piano and first class organ, en-
jecting edge of the table, where the bot- tirely new, delivered free of freight
* tLe will swing clear of any obstruction, charges .Reason for parting with them.
amwills oregoneapof oeTal ybso, w
If the match is but an inch in-length it family broken up by death Also, will
will support the bottle quite as readily iexchangefor land of like value, $86, one'
and make the feat appear all the more dozen books and charts of the best dress
surprising, making system .extant. A lady can
SLIPPER POKET. make any garment perfectly by its use.
; A SLIPPER POCKET. A rare chance for an agency. E. L.
SSlipper pockets are a useful piece of Will exchange one cart saddle in fair
furniture to hang on the wall of either condition, for a pair of either wagon or
. chamber or sitting room. To make one, stage hames. J. S; P.
ueeither cretonne or gray linen. For stage . .. S' P.
the back take astiffpasteboard, sixteen For sale, crochet trimming, feather
Inches long, six inches broad at the hot- edge; infants' sacks, bands and socks;
tone, sloped up to esix inchlies ten inches linen tidies; bureau sets, 5 pieces; flannel
toms kid to eihtinchesten inches nsi lalhers; felt tidaies;Imbrequins:
, from the bottom, and thence tapering to skissplashei's; felttie s;lams:eu ions:
a point at top. Cover this withereloune, bibs; doylies; table. scarfs. cushions;
i overseaming the edges: with- sewing stand scarfs; table covers; panels,r nc.
a silk. Forthe pockets take apiece of rac yoke shawls; shams. Send for full
s cretonne, thirteen inches long and fifteen description and prices. Address .
. inches across. Turn down two inches Wanted,.to exchange for Florida farm
I at top 'and one at the bottom, to form a or grove, a house and lot in the city of
hem above a casing. In the top one Hot Spri igs, Arkansas. Lot contains
t should be run a piece of stout elastic, one and one-half acres; a well-built, four
a that at the bottom gathered on tape. roomed house, with .a good well of
e Sew the pocket to the foundation at the water; plenty of good shade trees, .also
f bottom and on the sides. The elastic fruit trees, grape vines and stable. Hot
e should be drawn tightly enough not to Springs has a population of 10,000 to
a sag, but not too tightly to admit the 12,000, with two new railroads about
o slipper with ease. being built, and surrounded by a fine
S HANDKERCHIEF SACHET. mining districtD.D. F. C.
e The two sides of the sachet are formed Rex Begonias.
e of blue silk, each measuring seven and a
'half inches square. The blue silk is Of these incomparable house plants
e lined with white silk, quilted and well an exchange says: They endure the
r padded. The four corners of the outer changable temperature of our rooms so
p side are embroidered with spray, the well, and are so stately and ornamental
flowers are worked in shades of amber in appearance ; that no plant window
t silk, and the leaves and buds in green should b9 without one or two specimens.
y and brown. The centre of the cover is The large glossy leaves make a splendid
' bouillonnee and finished withsilk cord. contrast with other plants and set off the
t A ruching of ribbon is placed round the whole collect ion. The variety De-
- edge, and a bow of ribbon at each corner. casiana is in our estimation the best and
' The sachet should be perfumed With most beautiful, and the most hardy and
f scent powder, which can be purchased easily grown. The leaves grow to an
d at any chemist's or perfumer's. The two immense size, and are marked with
d sides are tied together with bows of blue. metallic green ofn a silvery ground, and
ribbon lovely shades of purple. Unlike most ot
e the rex varieties, its variegations are
e along the veins. When the leaves
e The Family Exchange, become full grown it casts all other va-
S i,,- ni.' rilli uti.trci , .f the FLORIDA FARa- rieties in the shade for beauty. Itshould
d ER ANiD FRtiT -Gowiit., fr i ulrp,:.. f ex- be grown in a moist, shady location, and
Sesge, and al' i:,r ,ai-.i L. ni: pr.. : tns o likes plenty of moisture at the roots and
nl ;[irtl- 2 ji~j .sit, i, i t, i,r-t i ellt 'i.ibr,,,"?'i, l e t
,. 6.lell:-., iI te,, e,> Are.rtritcm-nir. an.i rather large pots, Wash the leaves oc-
s anii.w. rs. atul si .h lays. must be addlres-.d to casibnally by showering, not letting the
eo thF. EiroAN or DI HOIr-r iRia t, LOtir. tr .sun shine on them while wet; indeed,
e i.a. Eacn ar.-swer mnt ubea-C' o panned .y au the plants do better where.they receive
t ui,aull'ded i ohs,,pip :,,i',:'p,', I hn iit-.:. ior- onlygoodnorthlight. Large pots, shade
A .vertir- tilt ur. rt immediate v all trades and moisture is the secret of growing
s e,:,.nn.inmai that thei-" alverns-ments mai fine specimens of Rex Begonias to aston-
e be with .rawn. ish the amateur florist. -There is nothing
s Noricz. -Adveri,snements not receiving an- i the kingdomof Nature that willequal
1 i',eri'\ iitrin too niorith, fr nidate f insertion kingdom
i wil e wt iud'rawi uii'.jer to after-renewal, if the Rex Begonia Jules Cretien. The
desired: : color is a changeable straw herry and
e -'------ crimson, overlaying a bronze green
e Will exchange 500 sweet orange trees, ground, the whole leaf changing in color
s four years old, for a good one-horse as the light strikes it from different
Wagon and harness, or '800 trees for a points.
a double-barrel breech-loading shot-gun.
n J. P. W. ;L=.. ,rS ,
' For exchange, seeds of sugar-trough
t gourd, red cypress, horse bean. ageratum
Sand dted paint brush, for other flower American Wonder Machine
t seeds or plants suited to Florida.
s AK Best Butter from Sweet Milk
Will exchange infant's perambulator,
I cost $138, best springs, good order, for in rwo minutes. Ice Cream in five minutes,
cow and calf; also 13-inch cries made of Also u-ed ycoinfectioers dtrueeists painters
Slichens, for Brahmin ur Cochin China artists. Medal or excellence awarded at th<
S be, or raNn ur ew York Dairy Show. Refers by permission tc
t eggs for setting, or cock of either vari- Hel.n Harcourt, Muntolair, FIa.
ety. ADE CirY. F. A. FRANK,
d -Will exchange choice Florida grown s316l East 82d Streer,'Now York City.

treated by 0. DE G. I ERTOLA, who has had 85 years' experience in the groves of Italy, Spain,
British India and Florida. Consultations, written or verbal, free.
,TO OTT:-. "TO t".

J -R W P" : .-.
differ from other brands in that they are made at home of the


W. at the.lowest possible rate, for bash only.
a .Read the opinions of those who have used them.

C.- -s
2 DELAND, FLA., August 4,1887,
* yC MR. W. W. PARCE, erI. -srr
S. Dea SIR:-I hat ine-d yvur fertilzer on my orange grove. and rordially
I the e..te i armer lIor car uein fa or- br trec:. arnil ofn one barrel E.
-L i v "l I'nvince any 'ne 1 ihsat tict. Bring boe i tiyiltld be weU pat:'ronized Fr-
C *t-e. our. -ruCODRINGTON. .
I. L-ate editor of the Florida Agriculturist.

S-LArEE-HELEN. FLA., Augdsi 9,1887
MR. W. W PACE. =
DEAR SlR:-I have ised '"Humo" or. my groves lor two year alternately witr
Sacknowlerdg-J listE-clase fertilizere, and I bcbee it to b. he equal ot any of them. I,
could not be pe'..uadea to1 tle a'fcrrliuor that I dAd not believe to be first-olaso. My
present i dgiient it that I can show up more growth with "Humo," for the same "
money, than wath ani rftner fertilizer I have tried. Very respertfully m

GLESN ST. MARY, FLA., August 18,1887. 'rM
11J MR. W. W. PACE, C
SDEAR SIR:-I used your Garden Fertilizer on onions and turnip lalst winter,
S anda finer lot of onions and turnips wer. never raised in Florida. I consider your
fertilizer as good as the best $50 fertilizer made. It did its work well and no mistake. -
S'W.W DELAND, FLA., August 6, 1887.
1"' I hare used the Humo-Chtemical Fertilizer for two years and cheerfully testify
that It has given the greatest satisfaction. My trees have made a luxuriant, even -
growth, preseing through the season a dark green color, while the fruit hasbeen __
arge, solid and of .rst quality. I shall certainly use it the coming year.
S. DYER, D. D. -

SMy factory is located at Palatka, Fla., on the bank of the St. John8 sCO
h- River and freight yard of the Florida Southern Railroad, hence my
facilities for receiving stock and shipping goods enables me to undersell
my competitors, especially as I hold to the cash system. The .cash
price of my Orange brand is $86.50, Garden brand $43.00 per ton, net
weight, f. o. b steamer or cars, in bags or- barrels containing 200 lbe.

A S H E S (Lespedeza strata and Paspaumnplatycaule.)
~ u are Illustrated and described in FLORIDA FABMJE
Supplied in car lots put up in bags or barrels. AND FaoUIT G OW.
Direct shipment guarantee analysis. Prie Supped at 81.00 per thousand,
and-Pamphletfree. Address'
Box847 ntarpanee, T. K. GODBEY. Waldo. Florida.
BoxD "O AOntaI o, Canada.-


A Silk Reel and Silk eeler at
Spring Garden,
Volu;iaco., Fla

Iy HoN. N. COLE.
The undersigned has made arrangements with
the publishers of this noted bo-k by which beis
enabled to furnish It at a reduced price. Send
lor descriptive circulars.
Spring Park, Fla.

,T0U arSE3E2Y sToz:: 'o
Specialties-Kelsey and Oriental Pluma on
Natllve Plum and Japan Persimmons on
Native AersImmon stocks. Address
R. H. BURR, Barrow, Fla

s18S. EXCELSIOR 1888.

Grove and Seed Farm
Forage and Grain Seeds a Specialty. Send
for rice list of the followlug varieties:
Kaffir Corn, Yellow Mifo. Maize, Large
Afrlcan Millet, Red MiloMaize, Early Orange
Cane, Early Amber Cane, -White Mil oMaize,
Conch Peas, Nansemondj weet Potatoes. a
'Address, ., .
Jno. A. Germond, Keuka, F.a.

7,000 to 8,000 Citrus Trees. comprising Villa Francha Lemons. Was>hington Navel
and Jaffa Oranges; Mostly Lemons. 51Mu-t be sol.i n a larii,. rermo reasonable.
Some one can make money by handling them. Ai6 -
G. L. TABER, Glen St. Mary, Fla.
Glen St. Mary Nurseries.


Hardware, Cutlery, Tools, Guns, Ammunition, and Fish-.
ing Tackle. Sporting outfits a Specialty.

Stoves, Tinware & House Fiirnishing Goods





This fertilizer is the most perfect Orange Food in the market. It contains all the ingredients
needed by the Orange Tree, in their proroportions, viz : Phosphoric Acid, Potash, Calcium
and Azote, in three forms and from four different sources.
l= I I 0 : -E:
F. 0. B, ship or rail in Charleston ...........8. 00
F 0. '. ship or rail at Jacksonville.. 25.00
F. 0. B. ship or rail, Sanford or Enterprise 26.50.
Apply to 0. DE G. BERTOLA, Proprietor, Enterprise, Volusia Co., Fla.


^A^MRDCOB^ 28,1887.

iVT eterinary Advice.
S The following cases are reported in
1 the Southein"Live Stpck Journal, and'
S.; prescribed for byDr.-l.p. Phares:
"i Please give remedies for dry and
bloody murrain. Some cattle here have
hemorrhage of the kidneys, with general
lassitude and die; others appear very
sluggish, 'droop around from twenty-
four hours to several days and die.
When cut open the blood seems to be
collected in the sides, but not ilthe hol-
low of the stomach, with dhrk sediments.
The food is dry and hard and clogged in
the stomach. It is called here murrain.
ANswER.-The disease receives differ-
ent names as it locates its more manifest
symptoms in one part or another. The
form you mention is everywhere known
as bloody murrain. It is a form of an-
thrax fever in which the tumors form in
the bowels and other internal parts in-
stead of the external parts, causing
bloody urine, bloody alvine evacuations
and-1 blood from. eyes and nose, in some
cases, with tenderness over back or
sides. "The blood collects in the sides
with dark sediment," as you 'describe it,
and often at such spots, when the hand
passes over them a crackling is felt or
heard. Any external enlargement, in-
stead of being warmorhotasin ordinary
swellings, arecool orcold from cessation
of blood circulation
As the disease is very often caused by
impure pool or other water and by in-
fected vegetation, both water and pas-
ture must be changed without delay.
Give all the pure water the patient will
take all the time, or water in the proporr
tion of two gallons to one ounce of sul-
S phite of soda, kept where it can be drank
: as desired by the patient. -Give as a
drench, every six hours, two ounces
sulphice of soda and one ounce chlorate
of potash dissolved in a quart of water.
Give midway between these doses one
teaspoonful of thymo-cresol and one.
tablespoonful of tincture muriate'of iron
in a quart of water. At the same inter-
Svals bathe with the last mixture all ex-
ternal swellings or tender or crepitating
parts. Sick animals should he separated
from the well, and all carcasses must be
burned or deeply buried. Other species
of animals, as well as man, may be
inoculated by contact. P.
Please give me through Journal the
best remedy for Texas mange or itch
S among horses. SUBSORIBER.
ANsWER.-Wash very thoroughly all
diseased parts with strong soapand tepid
water, scrubbing so as to break all vesi-
-cles and remove all scales, scurf and
Sscabs. Then wash thoroughly with
Sthymo-cresol-one tablespoonful upon
which a quart of tepid waters poured to
mix. Repeat once or twice in a week or
After the soap and 'water scrubbing.
Mr'.- Dun recommends dressing the
mangy parts with an ointment made of
iodine, half ounce; iodine of potash, one-
fourth ounce; tar, one ounce, and lard
eight ounces. In mixing up.-this oint-
ment it must not come in contact with
any metal: mix in glass or earthen ves-
sel with a glass rod or piece of wood.
What done for a young
horse with a bad cough of six or eight
weeks' duration, produced probably by
neglect after hard driving, C
W. C. W
ANSWER.-Chlorateof potash, Fowler's
solution each, one ounce; extract bella-
donna. tincture of capsicum each, one
drachm once a day in qne quart of linseed
tea, or gruel or milk. Protect carefully
from sudden cooling, especially after
using. Stimulating frictions on chest
and throat may do much good. Cloth-
ing may be required to keep the skin
always active, without which medicines
Swill do little good. P.
About Driving Horses.
When a horse is allowed to fall into
slow paces he becomes aged and inca-
pacitated long before his natural time,
his-sinews and joints become stiff and
contracted, and he is as permanently
injured as though strained by overwork
and. too heavy loads. Just the same asa
man who goes in for a moderate amount
of athleticexercise will retain juvenility
to an advanced period of life, so also will
the active, lively horse retain his youth
and usefulness. He w.ll not only do a
day's work per week more than the
crawler, a matter pregnant with great
results when spread over an entire coun-
try, but he will continue to do it for
several years longer than the slow horse.
-The Husbandman.
Never ride a horse without first making
his acquaintance and securing his good
will. Go to his bead, speak kindly, pat
him. ,ook in his eyes.. Whether you are
a friend or a foe he will judge by your
voice, your eye and your breath. Horses
judge a man as quick as a man does a
horse. Feed and water abundantly at
night after work and theanimal has had
time to cool oft. Feed moderately in the
morningor before work. Parthians and
Arabs prepare. their horses for hard
drives'by fasting rather than feasting.
More horses are injured by hard driving
on a full stomach than by any other
process. Never let a horse eat or drink
much'bwhen be is hot from work. Study
your horse, treat him according to his
nature!, make him your friend, and he
will do better and safer work.-Ex.
Ifoever our land is to be brought into
a high state of cultiv.tionr and rich pro-
ductivenesB-a,condition,evenbetter than
our best virgin'acres-it must-be done by
a system of renovating crops,.grass cul-
\. ture and stock husbandry. It is the nat-
ural method of soil making modified and
intensified, by the art of man, and is the
_i.:=_ basis of:-all extensive and permanent im-
provement in agriculture.-Southern
G uitivator.1'" :

7711 Notes. h
The tfollCowiringpihyv paragraphs are
gathered togethertb 6hi
ocrat: Ip-n re o.. "
Feed'and breed go and in hand in the
amount abd quality of the butter product,
but-feed is of the most importance. It
matters not what the breed may be, if
he feed is insufficient or of a poor qual-
ity, the butter product will not be satis-
Mi king rapidly does not mean jerking
sharply or moving with haste or irregu-
lar motions in the presence of the cow.
Such a course would counteract the very
thing aimed at.
Try the experiment of washing the
cream. It sounds funny, but thedoctors
say it is a good thing to make the butter
come easy and in fine form. It is done
by pouring water in the cream and al-
lowing it to stand for several hours.
Somehow dairymen feel more at ease
now that their old enemy,oleomargarine,
is under restraint, for if their products
bring no higher prices, there is at least
an honest market.
The age of a cow has much to do with
her value as a milker. A cow with her
first calf never milks as well as with her
third or fourth one, and for a dairy ani-
mal, as a rule, is unprofitable. For this
reason care should be taken in buying
cows for the daily-to obtain those with
their third or, fourth calves, not with the
first one.
There is not a farmer in the country
who would think for a moment of breed-
ing inferior animals. With bis cattle,
sheep..andhorses it is all the same, he is
constantly endeavoring to improve them
by the infusion of better blood. Why
should not the same idea be carried, to a
certain extent, at least, into the vegeta-
ble kingdom?-
The water which dairy cows drink, if
impure, will spread its impurity to their
milk, and the quantity and quality of
their food also makes 'its influence felt
upon the quantity and quality of the

Poultry Statistics.
It is generally believed that figures
won't lie, says a correspondent of the
Ohio Farmer, but just now I do not feel
quite sure of the truthfulness of some of
the figure; that have heen made concern-
ing tie cash value of theannual poultry
product of the United States. Some
four or five years ago James E. White,
an Illinois breeder, figured like this:
. New York City and State consume
about $45,000,i000 of poultry and eggs
annually, and as the population-of both
city and State is about 5,082,871, the.
average consumption of poultry and eggs
amounts to about $9 per head annually.'?
Figuring from that basishemade out the
people of the United States consumed
t495,l)000.00i of poultry and eggs every
year. To this hlie added $64,000,000 as
the value of fowls kept for breeding and
laying, and $61.i0U.1161 as the value of
thorougbred fowls and eggs, making the
nice little sum of t559,600,000. But M3r;-
White wasn't, quite satisfied with those
figures, for he declared the full statistics
would more than show $600,000,000. -
SI. K. Felch goes at the problem in an-
other way. He estimates-that each one
of our 50)00,000 of people eat an egg a
day, and that the eggs are worth an
average price of 25 cents a dozen. The
poultry consumed he estimates at $121.-
666.648. the stock kept over at $4-5.000,-
000, making a total annual value of
The New England Homestead. taking
the statistics given in the tenth census
report as a basis, figures $139,906,490:
then allows some for ."shortage," and
calls the actual value of the poultry
products, $200.000,000. The Homestead
values "bXTnyard fowls" (which includes
all the improved breeds) at 50 cents each,
geese, ducksand turkeys at 60 cents, eggs
at 12 cents a dozen, and poultry meat at
10 cents a pound.
The Rev. J. Y. Hoyt said at the Bed-
ford; N. Y. farmers' club, that the
annual value of the poultry products
amounted to $560.00,,00 In comment-
ing on the reverend gentleman's figures,
the Ohio Farmer figures out only $65,-
800,000 a year. And yet Dr., Spalding
says that "mathematics reveal theactual
reality of things." that "beyond all
things else on earth figures are fullest of
truth" Well it may be so, but I find it
hard work to believe that all these figures
ara "full of truth." They can't be.
There is lots of "guess work" about them:;
in fact, I feel sure that they are all the
result of guess work. Even the figures
given in the tent census report, except
those giving the number of fowls, are
unreliable, for not one farmer in 100 can
tell bow many dozens of eggs his hens
lay in a year. or how many pounds of
poultry meat. he raises in the same time.
But, after thinking the matter over.
and taking into consideration the fact
that.the poultry interest has increased
rapidly within the last half dozen years,
I "guess" that the Homestead's figures
come nearer the 'actual reality of
things" than any of the others.
Another thing, whether the annual
value of our poultry produce foots up at
65,006,00.00 orat 6(),)00,00,0.we do notyet
produce eggs enough to supply our own
markets. Millions of dozens (over 16
millions in 1865) are imported into the
United States every year.

Indigestion is best known by the
moping about of the birds, and upon ex-
amination the breath is found to be very
offensive. It is simply the result of
feeding on too rich food, and, if neglect-
ed, develops into some more serious dis-
ease, so that it is important to take steps
to over -ome it at once. As soon as dis-
covered put the birds on to very plain
food, of which give very little, and mix
a little powdered charcoal with, it. By
this means the birds will soon regain
their normal condition, and then care
must be taken to prevent a repetition of
the same complaint.-Ex.

IRF tton Seed Mleat. The
Hines" Egg Preserver.
E.iv, 1- F!;r:al F ,r ,, : ," ii-i1 F +liH-G ro,, re.
In reply to the inquiries fioi, Mr.
Swan and Mr. Owens, which yo:u refer
to me. I will sa):
First-Cotton seed meal, in small
quantities, is good for all fowls, young
or old. For laying hens I would advise
a pint to three quarts of soft feed every
day, but thesoft food should not contain
much if any corn u.eal, for both cotton
seed meal and corn in any shape are fat-
tening. A good feed for laying hens
consists of equal parts of corn and oats
ground, wheat bran, whole oats, cotton
seed meal, with a handful of salt to each
hundred fowls, the whole scalded with
boiling hot water early in. the morning.
After stirring stiff cover closely and feed
at 4 p. min. In the morning feed wheat,
oats and buckwheat alternately for a
change. During a very/'cold spell a
little whole corn is admissable.
Our breeders of fancy stock usually
feed oil cake to fit their feathered tribe
for a show. It adds gloss to their feath-
ers, and cotton seed meal will have the
same effect.
Mr. Owens inquires about the Hineb'
Preserver. A man of the name of Hines,
of Dayton, Ohio, patented an egg pre-
server, and meeting ,ith unusual suc-
cess he formed a company at Chicago to
manufacture it on a large scale, and it is
used largely by commission men in the
West and Northwest, where eggs' are
plentiful and cheap and the market is
overstocked. They buy the surplus at a
low figure and put them down in vats by
the hundred dozen, and often realize a
handsome profit.
The advantage claimed by the Hines
method is that it will keep eggs abso-
lutely fresh for an indefinite time, and
they can be used for any purpose for
which fresh eggs are used. After being
in the liquid for sixty days they can
be taken ou and will keep as well out as
in the preserver, and the shell is not dis-
colored. The preserver is put up in two
and a half gallon cans and sells at $1.25
per can. The price has recently been
reduced from $2.
If a demand for the goods would war-
rant their establishing an agency in
Florida where it could be had at retail,
I have no doubt they would do so, but
my experience would not warrant person'
sending for a small quantity. I paid
$1.90 freight on two cans. One can will
preserve 120 dozen. A kerosene barrel
makes a good vat. Get a new, one,
knock one head in, and light a handful
of grass or paper. Throw it in the barrel
and let it. burn until well charred, and
you have a good barrel for any use. To
extinguish it turn the open end down.
Dec. 15,1887.

Preserving Egzs.
To pack eggs for home-use, just stand
them on the small end in salt, taking
care that the eggs do not touch each
other and are completely covered with
'the salt, and keep them in the coolest
place at your command. Pack only
perfectly fresh, clean eggs." If no male
fowls are kept with the hens, the eggs
will keep longer.
Most dealers who make a business of
packing eggs use the lime and salt,
pickle. Here is the recipe:
"One bushel of stone lime, eight quarts
of fine salt, twenty-five 10-quart pails of
water. The salt should be clean and the
water pure.".'
Slake the lime with a portion of the
water, then add the rest of the water
and the salt. Stir well at intervals three
or four times, and then let stand until
settled and cold. Dip or draw off the
clear pickle into the cask or vat, in which
the eggs are to be put. When you have
about hfifteen inches of pickle in the cask
begin to put in the eggs. and when they
are in about a foot deep, spread over
them some of the pickle that is a 'little
"milky." madeso b\ lightly stirring upi
some of the light particles of lime that
settled last. Do this as each lot of eggs
is added. The object of this is to have
the fine lime drawn in the pores of the
shells, as it will be by a sort of induc-
tive process, and completely seals the
eggs. Take care and not get too much
of this lime in, for it will make them
difficult to clean when taken out. When
the eggs are within four inches of the
topof the package, cover them with a
piece of cotton cloth, and spread on,the
cloth two or three inches of the lime
that settles in making the pickle. The
pickle should at all times cover the eggs.
In putting the eggs in the cask take a
tin basiu that will hold three, four, or
even six dozen, punch full of holes,
muffle the edge with leather and, attach
a long handle. Fill the basin with eggs.
put both under the pickle and turn the
eggs out carefully: they will go to the
bottom without breaking.
The place where the eggsare kept must
be clean and sweet, free from all foul
odors, and where a steady low tempera-
t. re can be maintained, the lower the
better: i. e., down to any point above
that ot freezing.-Fanuy Field.

tue'" L',,iat-. Is t,:, .,d 7n,7be in height, it.:,,.kv,
three year' ':ini sed, onc', rranspiant,-I, w'ell
roote,. St-..+ ,eletc-tJ from euhoice ir,'uit (-rown
by E. H. Hart, o Federal Potat. Al.I,,lOt of
'icuppere.ngand Thomas Grape VTnes, i,'o and
three years tronl layers, strong and well rocte'l.
Address, 0. R. THACRER.
Fairview Nurseries, San Mateo, Fla

Rare tropical, ornamental anid fruit ilant fio-
open aircuJltu-e ;n Florida, and 1'or the Northern
T-een house. Also, a full line of semi-nri.pical
trees, plants and grasase, an] general naure-ry
0tock adapted to Florida and theSouth
Exocars r-nm India, Australia and the West
Indies, many of them never before introduced
EtiO the Uite-d States.
Tne most complete desert, ptive catalogue of
tropical and semi-nropical plants pubUished in
A-merica. Catalogue mailed, post-paid on re-
ceipt or 15 cents. Free to all customers.
Manatee, Fla.

=-_w- --- )


A. B. Campbell,


Weber Pianos, Haines Pianos Vose Pianos,
Morris Pianos, Clough & Warren Organs
Wilcox & White Organs, Peloubet Standard
Organs -
will sell and deliver at your nearest station
High Grade


For less money than any other house in the
United States. I will ship a Piano or Organ to
any honest man or woman, on trial, and if not
satisfactory, I will pay freight both ways. $25
cash and $10 a month on a Piano, and $10 cash
and $5 a month on an Organ till paid for-not
much more than an ordinary rent. On these
very liberal terms anyone can own an instru-
ment. Send for FREE CATALOGUE contain-
ing full information. Sheet Music, Strings,
Violins, Banjos, Guitars, Accordeons, and, un
fact, every musical instrument that is made,
and at very low prices. Send for complete Cat-
alogues. I have 20,000 pieces of Choice Music
at 10 cents per copy.

Jacksonville. I

Do you feel dull, languid, low-spirited, If you have all, or any considerable -nurn-
lifeless, and indiscribably miserable, both her of these sympt-ome. you mae suffering
physically and mentally; experience a tnat most common of Amen(ican mai-
sense of fullness or bloating after, eating, adies-Biiious Dyspepsa, or Torpid Liter,
orof "goneness," or emptiness of stomach as6c,-iated with Dyspepsia, or Indigestjon.
in the morning, tongue coated, bitter or Tae more complicated your disease has he-
bad taste in mouth, irregular appetite, diz- come, the readerr the number and diversity
ziness, frequent headaches, blurred eye- of symptoms. No matter what stage It
sight, "floating specks" before the eyes, has reached, DR. PtERCE.'a GOLDrN MEm-
nervous prostration or exhaustion, irrita- ICAL DtscovaRV wil subdue itr, if ta--n
ability of temper hot flushes, alternating according to directions for a reasonable
with chilly sensations, sharp, biting, tran- leugt hot time. It not cured, complications
sent pains here and there, cold feet, drow- multiply and Consumption of the Lungs,
ainess after meals, wakefulness, or dis- Skin Diseases. Heart Disease, Rheumatism.
turned and unrefreshing sleep, constant, Kidney Disease, or other grave maladies
indescribable feeling of dread, or of in- are quite able to set in and, sooner or
pending calamity? iater, mnduce. a fatal termination.

s, '." ~DAVID G. Low', Esq.. of St. Aga1hw, fManitoba,
BIIlOUS Ciirla,; 3as: "'About one year ago,. being
I I ltrobl.d i,7 a t,-irrible attack. Butterina
AITT V I of rh- hetiartr, poor rit at niift, etc.. I c:m-
1 /MllU merc-?d the usr oof your "Golden Medical Dis-
eoveryv' and "Peulle,' and denved the very high-
c-At beneflt therefi-im."
Almy Nl<:,v E. TArnoR, Canneltmo BInd.,
MAARIAL writes: ". think the 'Golden ledncal Dis-
uL~a eoiverv' is one of the greatest medicine ,in-
rrurn the rld. I gave it 't my iitie' girl and
FEVER. it cured her of the ita-,rial fever."
Dyspepsia.-TEFRESA A. CAss. of Spr gfl.dd. Mi., writes: "I
was troubl-edi on. v-ar with liver compla t. dyspepsia, and sleep-
lessnes, but y..ur'Golden Medical Disc. cry' cured me."


200 Acres in Fruit Nursery."

Fruitland Nurseries,
P. J. BERCKHANS. Proprietor.
Trhe e t.ik ..f

specially grown or Florida, consists of every-
ting adapted to that climatia.
Send for Descriptive Catalogues,

Ailamnonte, Orange Conilty. Florida.

ERY acts powerful]v upon thi. Liver, and
through that great blooi-piir.iy-in c.rgan,
sciences the system otf all blc.-i--tairits and
impurines. from w'baterer cause arisinDg.
It is equally efficacious in upon the
Kidneys, and other exc-r'etory organs,
cleansing., strengthening, and healing heir
de'-ases. As an appetizing, re.-strarive
tonic, it promotes digestion and nutri-
tion. thereby building up both flesh and
strength. n malariaj district. this won-
derfu medicine has gained great celeb-
rry in curingo Fever and Ague, Chills
and Fever, Dumb Ague, and kindred

I.. Mr-.i1. V. WEBBER. Of Y(W'thiri'r. Cattnraotui(
I LIVED I'17. Y., writes: "I w 1A, to say a few words
I -- his prais- oft your "Guldcn MedicaJl Discovery'
I USEASE lad 'Pleasant Purgative Pellets.' For flrve years
II "* premiious to taking them I wa" a great sufferer" I
had a severe pain in my right side continually: r
was unable to do my own wor(. I am happy to eay I am noTr-
w*U and strong, thanks to your medicines.'
1l t...IA. B. WEAVER. Esq., of 996 Bouck Avenue,
I IOK I Buffalo, N. F. writes: "Having used your
u i | 'Golden Medical Discovery' in my family, I .
CniEP_ I desire to testify to the great relief arfforded
IInCUUbL. | by it in cases of sick headache. As a chil-
dren's remedy, for coughs and colds, I have like-
wise found it all that could be desired, itsemployment having
uniformly availed to promptly-check any attacks of that kind.

Thoroutliv cl-anse the biood, which Is humors, from a common Blotch. or Erup- enc-e. Virulent blood-poisons are, by its
tho iunti h rft health, by using DR. non, to the worst Scrofula. Salt-rheum, us.', robbed of their terrors. Especially
Piae:'' iGOLDEH MrOAL DIsCOVnRv, Fever-sores," Scaly or Rough Skin, in has it manifested its-potency in curing
and wo.od digesn.,n, a fair skin. buoynt short, all diseases caused by bad blood, are Tetter, Eczema, Erysipelas, Boils, Carhun-
spiritus, and bodUy health and vigor will conquered by this powerful. purifying, and clear, Sore-Eyes, Scrofulous Sores and Swell-
be -established. 'invigorating medicine. Great Eating il- ings, Hip-joint Disease, "White Swellings,"
GOLDEN MEDICAL DISCOVERy cures all cers rapidly heal under its benign Influ- Goitre, or ThlckNeck, andEnlarged Glands.
A medicine possessing the power to cure such inveterate blood and skin diseases as the following testimonial portrays, must
certainly be cLedit-d with possessing properties capable of curing any and all eood and skill diseases, for none are more
obstinate or difficult of cure than Salt-rheum '
'B -6 i...m..t.. Oo, Aug. 18 8ith 1s7 my fancy, and seeing that it was essentially a blood-purier, T im-
Dll T N ItlN W r.. .. i ..N.Au MenDIcAL Ass,00ooLA- mediately recommended it to the old lady who had been so long a
SAL-IRHELUM I.. 64 l Main Street. Buffalo. N Y.. sufferer from salt-rheum. She commenced taking it at once, and
AN n ",i'-For several yearsI have f'telt it took one bottle but seemed to be no better. However, I realized
AND t midutyt' oi- etoyou the facts in ra that It would taLe time for any medicine to effect a change for the
RHEUMATISM. .It. J '- t- rh.,, ba thm use of ur half-a-dozen bottlk.s, and before these had all been used she began
I~ ~ ~ ~~a- Cas toftuea-outp atcurbyte uof a fmostagra betranenoagdhrocanu. hehnprhsda
S- -ld,-nl'edical Di'-scov.ry'. An eld-erly lady to notice an improvement After talking about a dozen bottles he
relatl -.rminebadb.n a great sufferer from alt-rheum for was entirely cured. Her hands were pertectl well and as smooth
upwards t "..rt -ars..T.o.diseas was most distressing in her and healthy as a child's. Her general health was also greatly
hun -"d, it skin to crack opn on the Inside the fingers improved; the rheumatism entirely lelt her and the catarrh was
h~unhis Cddt ng t le kla tochrpaclk ~opuO t sl~ew d. tefi ngers^ i^'" ure o ht to*n l mdoh annrn ha u
at the Oloots and -etv--,-n the fingers. Site was obliged to protect a._ost cured, so that it ceased to he much annoyance. She has
the ra-w pla,=s by mniius of adb-sile plsters.salves.ointments and enjoyed eellent health froitat day to this and has had no
return' of either salt-rheum or rheumatism. The Discovery'
bandairs, and dur-ng the.winter months had to have her hands F
dresaeddaily. The pa-in was quite severe at times and her general seems to have entirely eradicated the sait-rheum from hersystem.
health was'ba,-iy affected. pavin'g te way for other diseases to S hisenoWover eighty years old.,and very healthyor one o uch
creep in. Catarirh and ihuitatisto caused a great deal of aufferiug e-xtreme.age,. .. ...
In dit'-- to the salt-"beum. Shehadusedfaithfully, and 1 have written this letter, of which you can make any use you
he- most cmntendsbmape-s,verance. all the remedies prescribd see fit hoping that, some sufferer from salt-rheum might chance to
by..i plNu, inn.. but without ot-ta'nng rele She afterwards read At ad obtain relief by using your'Golden Medical Discovery'
bgn tr--ting her-8lf by dr'iangn teas made front blood-.urnify--for 'Golden' it is in its curative properties, and as mnch above
,n rootS anda bi Ste continu-d this for several years but de- the multitude ofnosrums and so-called 'patent mediclnes, so
r--ed no b-eu-flt. Fiually, about ten years ago. I chanced to read zealously flaunted before the public as gold is above the baser
one of Dr. P. rc--'es mrnall pamphlets setting forth the merits of his' metals. Respectfully yours.
*Gold.n Dl.-ov,:.iy' ad other medlclncns. The iineastruok F. W. WHEELER, la2 lst StL"

GOuLDEN MLDICAL DiscovaRY cures Con- Lungs. Spitting of Blood, Shortness ofI promptly cures the severest Coughs it
sumption (wuich is Scrof'uia of the Lungs1 Breath, Bronchitis Chronic Nasal Catarrh, strengthens the system and purifies the
by its wonderful blood-pui fying. inriora- -Severe Coughs, Asibthma, and kindred affec- blood.
ring and nutritive propernes. For weak tonsn, it is a sovereign remedy. While It
S.......l SOLOMON "Bter't,' of (h en, Miemi Mrs. N. W. Rtim. of Newfane, ernoat,
Io,. I OLOMON writeS of north (ayon, Miami y "I feel at liberty to acknowledge
ICOSIIMPTION. I Co., Ohio. writes: "T have not the words to COUCH OF the benefit res edrm two heoes or
CONSUMPtION. mehaveUno OF M-1henefit I received from two bottles of
e gratitude for the good your the 'Golden Medical Discovery,' which cured
'Golden Medical Discovery' has done my FIVE YEARS a the 'Golden yedIc a nDis i ch.outd
wife. She was taken with consumption ad after trying one doc- a cough of fve y rs' standing an ypep-
tor after another I tlnalvy gave up all hope of relief. Being very STN IN a, frm whi a suferea for a long
poor and having but one Iollar in the world, I prayed to God that G time.
he mlght show me something;: and then It seems as though some-
thing did tell me to get your *Golden Medical Discovery.' lMv Asthma Cured.-CARIE 8. STrowELL, Postmistress at Mag-
wife took It as directed, and as a result she isso she can work now." tiolla. Colorado, says her .husband was cured of asthma, by using
"Golden Medical 'Discovery."
SlIlNED Iof ,'oT 104. Summrersde. Prinee Edward Islaind. w. R DAVIS. Esq., of Bealluc, ,..,
I n I Can., writes: "When I commenced taking your WRTH : [ have taken your wonderfulM
5 POUNDS I 'Golden Medical Discovery,' I was not alea to |'Golden Medical Discovery' and have been
S work and was a burden to myself. At that time I B cured of tho consumption. T am now sound
t weighed 122 pounds, and to-day r weigh 147 O 1LE and well, and have only spent three? dolars,
pounds. Then I used to eat about one meal a da.y, and now can I9 sand I would not take three thousand dollars
eat four or five if I dared to." and be put back,where I was."
Golden iledical Discovery is Sold by Druggitas. Price $1.00 per Bottle,.or 'Six Bottles for78$5. "
'+: : -::':'+WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIAidNoi rb~i",66 af "St.; IF AL,'N. Y.

EST.Aj-rISI--E_) 1875- ,..




w/ u m .T .TA r A. BO j -J
"20 West Bay Streel. Jacksonville, riFla.
I handlie- noni: but i, Bet and- Mot Reuiai.,le eerId. My nec- catalogu xle ent free n ap-
plication. Also Wholesale Dealer in
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc.

J. :E, Tygert & Co's Star Brand Fertilizers. -,,
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS -Comprilnfg Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizer, Paie Ground'
Bone, Muriate ot Potash, tulphate Potash, NWirrateSoda. Kainit, Err. '
Prices on Application



S'n.J f.-r i.r.,ular. Crtcalar contains ,Lort h;st,rr 01f Peach Culture in Floroi, and bin's as
to culturee J. P. DePASS. Ar-cher. Fla.


Well te'red nna approved vanretes of the ORANGE and LEMON and othbpr Citrus Fruits..
POMEGRANATES, BANANAS, PEiA2N~ and GRAPE VINES, FI,-rida -rown, oi well kn,)w
vari-et. fIuriJ to be unitedd to the o,)d and cilmare of Florida. -
;rn r for a ,-ata'loaue to 0. R. THACHEK. Manager.
S.a MaIteo, Fia.


The Leadinig Varieties of Orange, .Lemion and Peach Trees.

Washington Navel Oranges a specialty. TheNewOraie-e, "EVERBERNG." ,rinjie
every month in the year. Peen-to, BidweUll, Pallas and Honey- Pear h.:-c. A lare .it..Se oi Kele'y"
and other varieties of Japan Plums, including the "BLOOfD PLUM OF SAT'U5M.A" -ni the-
"EARLY SWEET PLUM." The new Japanese Oranges, U;ta anl Cant.'anton.-Hyt -ri., Wite
Adriatic and Foundling Figs, Pears, Persimmons, Grapes, et.:. A iarg-e --A., k,:[ _-ha-ie. Avenue-
and Ornamental Trees, Roses, Vines, etc. -
Send for Illustrated Catalogue, containing besides the above, -i..-i- .pit .:-a. .:-f all trhe :.l. and a.
ie |I niany rn,,: L'it ,u.1 ornamental'trees adapted to Florida. .-

Jand em 8



.I-,ifll 'lanU in thxs country, not onlycit the various
straxns i:,f .Jersey blood, but that of other
ORT OF THE FAT STOCK SHOW. AppleM taking Apple Bt lit it i-
Apebutter i1:ixd fachi--jed. hit it is
/ al-,,, ve,,y p-laiaLile anid 'cry. he.iliii'ul-
he Famous Jersey Con Eurota- and Her I v, ecx,-il--nit L1r.,-in C1r C1ix11 itLe,, iton
t ) i t I I I f a n y f L nL hr o u ~ e t h~ a t t ,:
Descendants-How to Make a C'heap and ktttle lar2n eioughi to cook t, a.ipplts Io,
Serviceable-Ice HouSe-tlatter, of Cen- rnnA a p:,ir oir iW-o of y.'uu _'L a'..: iir'.
Serial Interest. to assist in stirring the apple butter, it. s
; recommended as. one of the best possible
S Ice is regarded In many sections of the products into which to tranform apples
country as a necessity, and most farmers that have become bruised or specked and
--r--hohave built ice houses and harvested which will not keep long in the natural
and put up their own ice claim that it pays state.
a good profit in addition to affording a To make old time apple butter, boil
luxury. There are many plans for ice down sweet cider to a little less than halt
houses; the success of all these in large its volume. Pare and ci' up the apples
measure depends on ventilation at the and place in a large brass or copper kettle
top, drainage below and plenty of packing and fill up with the boiled cider. Boil
material all around the ice. over a slow fire until the apples are thor-
-"C roughly cooked. Skim the mass constantly
-- with a wooden paddle or blade set ii-
< ~ right angles on the end of a stick
enough for the one using it to stand back
: from the fire, and with the blade long
S-.. -enough to reach the bottom of the kettle,
". thus keeping tlhe contents in motion all
the while. This constant motion is re-
quired, else tMe pulp would settle and burn
on the bottom of the kettle.
Flavor with allspice, cinnamon and
.cloves to suit individual taste. When
quinces are available a few added to the
^ apples improve the flavor for most tastes.

Th..i-. B, re.etr, RHii-tsvdll-, Iiit. Ti,
w.-ilil' i: 'thi- fritimAl s9as irl6 [,p:o, -,]
Tlhe _i,:. i-:. biint wa a falri.7 ,:ly :.c :-ue;
a novelr- "wa- ti-i D,;rset horriel D uivs
wetr- V.,-l iepre.i-atii. There r --, a v eryi
ri- lit',ilir sho.w .:.f ; i;ioE The pr-oultry
l.,,:, -' ,, in n-ici5r auid ini: lii- e v-r ry
Liii'.vs i", i*d-d 1
'il-~ [.r,: niiim, list ii ti~il th.:' r!'' lCie.1 e-
tb s y., i.l' iI"). N.:-t y5 ar liir :v:,rd
"f!t" .,il I., ouiitte-,i rom the uLo i-i ,:,
tli ,-hn,,, cuhl toe exhiuilitivn *ld includu
n-.t .:,uiy fit cattle, but brtedin. l cattle as
well. _____
Authorities on Apple'"Scale."
In a paper read by A. M. Hatch on
Apple Scale before the American Pomo-
logical society, he explained that apple
scale is caused by a fungus that also at-
tacks the leaves. Where it attacked the
leaves it caused them to drop, weakened
the trees and led to winter killing. Like
other fungi it thrives best in warm, wet
weather, and, therefore, a summer of
drought is unfavorable to its development,
and to this extent a blessing. Crab apples
ate especially liable to. the disease in its
leaf form. In reference to prevention
and cure, this disease belonged to the
same family of fungi (the Peronosporas)
that causes one kind of grape rot, and
that is too deep rooted to be prevented by
outside applications. He advised discard-
ing such varieties as are most liable to its
attacks. Some varieties of apples develop
a waxy secretion upon the fruit and
leaves, and he finds that such varieties
are less liable to contract the disease.


- 4-

edi' ..'a'.u,
,^ i *,,urn forer.c'.body. a tc n
St tthmink "-- cd iih a daai rei,
^s St~i f "i:.".i ['ael dJoa't'" -. r wit the anui w-orea -
a.." 'i. ...oc.ntie._ mnti. my eg. "Joshua," I aid g.iftly, "d'oypfi:|
had a 1r.Tircy .$priatnas teat,.xrjuter, menibs'er-
-.-.q .% .. .w h
ALL ?lllfl WORLD A? WAR, Wi.'u bhad gone nrariv s' m prool ,iSWobri-rd ^"U lFepl b qAY .who
went awa7, t[he R'.'. Mr. CBa.r1 c'me i>'esto v it. '\hr' i 'dtL io i ow'
legs, tufi-I";' -' "I
By( WALTER BESANT. t,, ,hi dinnerr wt, ,-. A turldt- tin., thI a g.L-.. iost .their headla Mr
ByJ W A TE Nfait turiiU.brd the m.rsal, auJ alter- U. .,ui I"-h- .1- quite ,c ,4rfull[ while
S i alj [Dan, iath a guilty l-.-, i.-._ ui.sId a a lj,>i itbli lt toi-imp eiZil i6 -"at ira-
uiht.:.r .:.t i|..-.rhds All ant a..i'-r.r Fair," t I -: rai. Mr. BAl rdei u.,ok bi hi ead I t.leari i '`InJ to 10L.' .:5r hb-A.._r 5 il sir.
"B- C.-Ii'a arwor." "The Cda B '.r-rfly,' il, u tl', t-beIt -i t ll Ot t o r tbhe I :I.. l l iA1 1 ,', :. ,I 1 i be -mt'L i_ t, hbe't well
et.r-.'.* 'drink n a icodwpaLy w6.h Dan, and departed in puIi'l h i; an- ,-I re bn r .
Now no onie, except'myself, elcer LueW who
the evening with legs which showed a ten- the villain was. w
CHAPTER VIII. dency to tie themselves into knots. Later on, when Dan came tso -: u. Lear .:
OUT OF THE GOLDEN MIST. Then the days began to grow longer, and don, he had ,' go. -. dIal to te-u of JoZla.
We were back again at Rousdn-Dan Gul- the spring flowers appeared on the Undercliff, Tuiie Mnull r.-ai et going again, after he
We wer a back and I-tousdon-Dagain such poil- till all the ground was covered with the pale found hisi mni:.ny by means -,.f a.- myi-rioul-
iver ad Job and I-to begin agasch p primrose. It must have been about this time letter i i. h a Londo u pc;t mark. IC had be.
|ion of the old life as was possible. "We winl rmoeltms aebe bu hstm lte~'~ l te rhw-et'rr a
tion of the old life as was possible. "Weivill, that everything began to looks if it belonged come rum...u_, bur toe wuel'n wre there, and
go on," said Dan, sadly, "just as we usedte tohar tI an otksr ten.ate Joshua 1r-g a Lu agni i- prt.'ir hii in'ient
go on before ever he came. We will forget to a dream. I am not sure when that strange craft. He went no longer to chapel, but be-
that he ever came. You will forget thatyou feeling began; I knew, .however, that Dan came a I. m ilr tb. E.taoh-.hid iLarch,
used to follow me about, and was loath to let having bi-n. ,..ouverted c:.i, i.:.-r.- ip
are a young lady."
AlasI not only was the old time gone, but me go out of his sight, for fear:, I U-.p.:-.e, Thenvaya l _o:i -,-rir.j.:.uii nuiscf, He
nothing like it could ever come again. Will that, being in this dreamy way, I mighL t,iI once, in his early days aboard, began toargue
had tornt up the old time and thrownit away. into mischief and do myself 'some injury.- a point with the chaplain, who was so amazed
dad tu the ot meaotrywi aways lso, he began totalk of doctors, and mo at the audacity of a common sailor pretend-
It was dead. But the memory was left. Alsoherbgchangk Poof l -odoo andgoitging to be skilled in.theological subtleties, that
One could sit and think till day after day to Lyme for a change. Poor old Danl he complained to the captain. The captain,
that summer of i S03 unrolled itself again, and The place was so quiet, so remote from all a choleric man, ordered an application of the
I could remember every word he said, even external influences, that one fell back easily oiy reu.i--y theu mpio> .ior offenses and
the lightest,,with every gesture and every upon ons ow odrng ught; I had i d,:rl at i- 'e ,e.
look, duties and no distractions. Dan was not a Bel, the first dozen hadhbeen-received
Joshua felt conviction p.,.wlagin. iL. About
Thepeopleat Lymewelcomed us allwith great-tit, K'r, and Job was actually dumb, so midway through the seto-d, thr i. of the
a cordiality which meant not only gratitude that I lived in a -dream, and it was a dream ctI-vit-ie, was irresistible. By the end of
for the past, but hope for the futurm'e. Since of thepast. the-ttiird he bd steadfastiy r_-olved on ad-
that dreadful day of rebuke when Joshua's One night I could not sleep. It was in tha bering, hile nVa b1Lard, to the of
delivery of goods was discovered to be so middle of August, when-there is little dark- Eiirnd arid Ireland, as by law established.
much sea water and nothing else, the town ness on the sea, but only a luminous twilight. And aft-r cming asuore he c,:,itoued tite
Iad been without brandy. Campion's fe old rose about midnight, and dressed myself godly habit. .. -- : .
S. .. quickly, thinking I should escape Dan's. at- It is the last scene of my story.
Jamaica rum, well enough in its way, was a tensions, and' stole down stairs into the open A bright morning in autumn, when even
oor substitute for the right good Nantes air, just as I had done two years and a half the city houses look pleasant, and the trees in
which Dan had provided., A taste had been before, to watch for the return of thj Danc- the city churchyards have not yet lost their
developed which was doomed to disappoint- ing Polly. It was not, a.s then, a rough and leaves, and are pleasant' to the eye. We go
nent, for no one succeeded Dan. A man boisterous night; there had been all day a' to the house in the square, Will and I, fol-
annot suddenly become a smuggler. Re- fresh breeze blowing from the southeast, lowed by John Huntspill. Madam has not
es.gone to Chertsey this year.
nations have to be established on the opposite This had died away and there was little air There are no servants to meet us. John
shore, a connection to be formed at home; It left. I slowly passed down the well known has taken care of that. We cross the hall
is a business which is the growth of years, path, to sit by the shore and think of my and mount the stairs, covered with their
Now Dan represented the third, and his sons poor dead Will. I sat there while thenight thick Turkey carpets, which deaden every
the fourth generation, of a long career in slipped away. I was facing the mouth of the footfall. Ott the landing we can look into
the trade, during which the whole business little creek, looking straight out to sea. the great room which madam always uses as
or this part of the coast had dropped into her own. We can see madamu herself, sitting
eor this t of The coast had dropped into Whe the morning broke there was a light by the window, pale, rigid and stern.
the hands of Gulliver & C company, smug- fog upon the water, which the sun, when it No one moves, no one whispers. The tears
glers to the nobility, gentry and clergy ose, colored with a beautiful hue, changing come into Will's eyes as he looks upon his
of Lyme Regis and the surrounding every minute I remembered then-heaven mother. Presently Joeni Huntspill takes my
country. Imagine, therefore, what a blow. knows howl--that it'was the 14th of August, hand and leads me quietly into the room. _
it was to the district when the fatal ar- and three years, since first I saw my Will. Madam looked up in her quick, minterroga-
rest happened, followed by the dreadful dis- ^f ga seaward, looking through the fog, ivefashion. .
ovroftesea water. So that, when we A" ae ewrloin hog ho,'Iit is I, madam," said John.N
sovery of the sea waer e o that, weu became aware of a ghost.k "Is there anything of importance, John
came home again, there were visits paid to us shining in ths Huntspill. TJu-lsy,:,u have news to tel me,
not only of congratulation on our return, and it was the ghost of a boat shining in the hy do you ,unt.mpill? T.I' And Yh., Save news to tiel me,,
condolence for poor Jephthah, but also of golden mist, all gorgeous withue and colorimson. the whavety do you a thi.m:ug oA r oance,
"I have to syaIth ieLg Of I"-at imp rtance,
hope and temptation. Mr. Mallock, J. P., hull was yellow and blue and crimson, the madam. I i..rn-iA with MA gjr1 .%L.: hassuf-
walked all the wa from Lyme on purpose to colors changing every moment; the sail fered much I ak to r your f r givas f- tor
wna y fered much, eM: yurkfaghetofvazuresiiadehs '
see his old friend again, dtoh the looked like a sheet a 1. and the i her, and for myself, for the deceit we prao-
nake condition of his cellar, as regarded .spirit who stood behind the mast-it was the ticed upon you."
French brandy, was deplorable. The ev. spirit of my Will-was all glorified. I stoodJ "01I, iiadaml'--Iknelt-atherfeet-'"we
beuy, the ite still, fearing that the vision would fade. have been very unhappy. Forgive me, and
Benjamin Burden, who, long before theend I-had often, before this E-en him in dreams let us be as L&r.pv' t.: u hr-;- We cal."
of Dan's two years'captivity, had got through of the night, but never ti thn broad day, and-, "f said, i..a.a-," liph tpUc, :.'-la.t I
his four kegs, came to say that he was re- in dreams he vanished so swiftly that I could would forgive y:u wen then -ll g. i_ up itS
duced to cider, and that of the thinnest Dan uv.-r fi, d time to 'peak to him. The boat dead. Buttbat 'wi l be Ioug, p-i --uip- \Ve
rced thesevisitors with greatpoliteness, at rst, to be floating o a- water-- should wait-tll thA Jiudgtnlul d:,,. BMy
receld outnohopes that the aida delwo.ld' but sb,- "as nit. In the liht air of the' dear' Iforgiv, ,-.u, f,,r thtsaltef h,, chion
but eld out no hopes that teo traewou mnig bLr was slowly making for the: land; webothlov.l Plaance, odd"--:- bhld
be revived. First,' he said, the Dancing aii piesntly _'he passd through the mist, out both her Levd.i--"'imr arii d t -i avwiep
Polly was gone; he should never again find a and I)Lt all tre gorgeous color-s nvei'h the Mog together, and g., i r1ouoriring at,l -.: rrow all
boat he could trust so well; then his nephew,_ ba. I-iit hbr. .But the gbhOt, of my Will n- our days." -
Josbua "Meeeh," was" gone, pressed while aianed, pale, as all gh,,otstof mtn ,, i At Y ,:,iil '. naadm. Oh! not in sor-
busy with the kegs; though how 60;.uld b. He saw me, as the bov r.l t'e ro but .I giadiss For look, the ord is
thembusy withkegs turned outkegs, to be sea ugitat grm:d on tbstoae-be cried ny name-r very mercifuL The sea hasgiven up i t, d.1d,
them egs turned ould'o te sea ane tJ h the n' pals arnie--he leaped ashoti. and here is your -on h-ee ag .an. i- h vottr
water he couldn't say; and Jephthah W l Will!" I cried, falling upoa my arms!" E '.
was gone; ana he was getting old, and a sec- knei.s before hn, "let me speaa to yu. Do
ond conviction meant a capital sentence. not'go away, as you do i the dreanis. Let Christmas on the r .
Then his money in John Huntspill's hands me speak to you. I knew you would some C s s th F ar
was bringing him a little, income by itself, day think of me and come up from the grave. The near approach of' the holidays
and he had given his promise not to smuggle Oh, what am I to say, now you are here? bringstip the subject. of Christimas decora-
any more. I think the old man had learned What can Isay, dear Will poor Will! my tionsin tUe minds of everybody who de-
anymore. I think the ol d man had learned ead love, my lost darling come from lights in making Christmas a happy time
to look on smuggling, compared with the heaven to comfort my poor heart? Oh, it is for the younger members of the household.
great game of war, as a small thing. b, rialaiiiig! Will, it is breakingwith grief A Christmas tree and greens is not so
It was strangeto come back to this queer ad !" i a tn ndertaing as many ar in-
atmosphere, in which crime appearedno sin 'Pleasance," he cried, lifting me'in his great an undertaking as.many are in-
amosphere, in which crime appeared b no te strong armse and folding me to his heart, lined to believe. The g-rls anrl boys will
and law breatkring was encouraged by the ad- "Plesar' I am not dead-I am no ghit, all be found ready to go in search of Suit-
ministrators of the law. The strangeness my darling. I am come back to you again, able material when these cannot be pur-
passed off after awhile, and then the two alive-alive. Can you not-understandu Oh, chased in t Le markets. Christmas deco-
years of life in-the -tatily house of theo old my love, my darling" :- rations appropriately Include whatever
cryiji:.uae appeared, ii its tuin, dreamy and ,- green and bright hued plants and berries
unreal. ...f' -.. "- i- can be iounad in one's own localT. Fore-
We came back to the old place, and began most anion these is holly, with its dark
in' a broken winged way to resume the old green shining leaves aud crimson ber-
ways. Then, naturally, I began to make the .= ries. Next comes the mistletoe, which,'
house and the housekeeping more in accord- 99'f,/ as everybody may .not know, is found' in
dance with my recently acquired ideas. Dan -r... Pennsylvania and New Jer.ey, as we'll as
acquiesced, wondering; Job tried to adapt 4 | the more southern states. Other attract; j
himself to my in yis n-u the good will whiecu / \ tiv.e.ChrisLmas greens are the arbor vitm
always distinguished him,.but with less sue- '// ~ hemlock, spruce and red cedar. In many '
cess. He lt-,.,k h-iselif toworkon;thefarm, '- localities t.iiese may be brightened by corn- '
and in assuming the smock frock imnmedi- bination With the climbing bitter sweet,
ately chaiud, just as he used to do, the roll 'l ,, red alder berries, or the pretty scarlet
of tie sailor At, ree slouch of the laborer. partridge berry. Mountain laurel is also
John Huutspill wrote tome from timeto .. beautiful for Christmas purposes. Ground
time. Madam made no sign of relentingt. pine and running pine afford a valuable
She never asked for news of me;'she had // /. addition for winter trimmings.
%ithdraeh Lt c.i:fldece fioni him; she .1 -& While all may Dot be able to decorta
never sip,.,ke to any one about her son; Ene '"." Q. .-' their houses elaborately, every one can at
satileutallthedayluugpaloandstcru. Her -- least give a holiday air by arranglg a
heart %ais lull of Littel'rnae-ss. -/ ou Jsp afewa branches of Chrlstmas greens here
When Dan began to talk aboutJaosua, and and there about doors and windows,
to regirt. tl niiusfortune6%s hieh befell him, around pictures and In graceful fashion
I considered tuat it could be well to coriceal upon tbe walls. The'tChriatmas dinner
my hli'ie iu them, aid the fact of nis treach- -Pleasance, Iam not dead Il" will taste all the better for an attempt to
elry. Wtieni came houio again--iould he I could not understand at first, nor for make bright and cheery this holiday of
ever come hone--it would be time to con- maiiv days afterward. But joy does not kill. holidays. ___
side wbat s-ep-s should, he taken. Foir tie Will had, it i qwte true, fallen overboard.
present Lt seen-ud beLter to leave the old man But he was picked up by a F ench cbasse- Suggestions on the Care of Horses.
i the belief that Joshua', troubles were un- maree, ard taken to France, where be lived During the shedding of a horse's coat
deser Ideed, itamong the fishermen, no one betraying him, the akin is very sensitive, and at this
deserved. Indeed, It would have been dffl- Itill he could persuade one of them to trust
cult t paruaede hmini that his own uephew him with a boat.L He promised a large price, period be needs the comfort of a moder-
could ne guilty of so foul and dastardly a should he reach England in safety It is ately warm stable. If while putting on
crime. For my own parr, I hoped tluat, he needless to say that. he kept his promise. the winter coat the horse is exposed un-
would never come home again. "A life for a WIV lien I was able to listen to it all-when I duly to severe cold the hair bulbs be-
life," I Vid olUerly. "As he destroyed my could sit with my hand in his, in such happi- come chilled, the coat becomes broken
ill'sfife, so lethis be taken away." as never any otber girl, I believe, expe- and all winter long it Is remarked that
Wll'ts ie, to let h d-s be taken away. rienced-he began to talk about ourt marriag the horse's coat Is not what It'ought to be
Swa the dark days of December hat He wanted to see his mother, but he would nthfttook
we came nack so Rousaon. 'lhe wmtry tell her himself, not write to her And he unth o ok.
weahc' site th mier ofmy ind Ye cold. ot go,,,, hesaid, unless I would go with Cleanliness of the body and legsl~snext. ,
weather suited the m osery o a my mind het could I sat Of comae me were to be consIdered, for after the horses bqve ,
after s otme tme oldenarm op int sea e d upon married, just as he wished, be and I, in Roes- been in a condition df nature i alndb 'e-
me and ootned me., Dan paitedandcaled don church, by the Rev. Beujamm Burden, are suddenly brought into the ai'tifilat
the little boat. I put out to sea le her again Will doffed his sailor clothes for the 61rst state of domestication, they cease'to' roll -*
during the colt, smouth mornings common in time, and appeared dressed as a gentleman, or shake off the dirt accumiulatilnt on
wn lter on t~he south coast, when theosun floats Dan gave me away. It was agreed that e hi bodesanlgs Ilb,' theatbl
bathed in a soft yellow rist, Itself a disk of shOUld ride straight fru'om the chrc into
molten gold; when, .f you see a boat, her Lyme and thence pot direct, without stop- men. will actend, oceans and d tlegleg, .
mssadhhae rapdiodwihaping, t~o London. [of- horses by genuine elbow grease7 the
masis and huh are wWapped round with a Weleft Dan and Job and the poor old rdb. trouble they call scratches '*wil never be
yellow haze, lIke those of a float in a dream, tor at the door of the ecclesiastical barn, heard of again. Scratches, cracked heels'
Sometimes Dau came with me, and we sailed Willifted me into the saddle and we rode i and grease are all the result of bad stable
or rowed, sneet, thinicing of the days that slowly aeay, poor old Dan crying and Will management and chronically lazy groom-
could come no more. promising soon to bring me back. We had --.' _.'- .-
'"There was no one like him," said Dan, ridden halt a mile or soon our way along the -' ------_ v'
one day when we had been sitting quiet in Seato road, when I saw before me, just ha- ----'
thebot oran oo ad ore 'Thretose you come to Col way lane, a figure which truck farmers thronghoutPeouth]erll
the boat fnoo au hour hn, more. .w bThere seemed familiar to me.. It was, Indeed. only Louisiana are.making extenslve -Irepala-
never was no one lhne bn, and never will be. a part of a figure, consisting of a man's lions for the~coming season. It is repbtted
Joshua had his good points. For a rough trunk and a couple of very short wooden that 2,000 acres will ,beplanted~ln str.w;
night at sea and a ready hand, Joshua never stumps, on which the owner was pegging his; berries- beside a large area .in -friut tiees'.
had tiis equal. But Joshua was grumpy. He way, literally, with uncommon vigor i.was and early vegetbles, ot al.:l'lndhs,, .irs,,
tonic aftei' his father' i such- respects. Now righk "'Thai each o'f the man'was- ramilia'r tol ,.. ,.. ..-.
l '. Campion, he was always laughing, metor.thalface, when we came- urwltt Its The.-'ranberry' itW- si .is ^ Ei-_slo0U0
always talking, always-ready to do a hand's owner was the face of Joshua Meecb. bushels li thar.wdstlia *of Iast.ot -.,
.- .. .- .

] E. S. GO ff, of New YorK, sam ltnat nennat
-' .Cooking Food for Swine, tried sulphate of soda for this disease
The perennial question, "Does it pay to with good results. The operation was
-- ^ '- cook food for swine?" was agitated at the not expensive. His trial of the sulphate P
r 1.. OE.... annual meeting of the National Swine of copper, as recommended by the Depart- ,
e IG. I-Ir E os OUSwnboe. Growers' association, at Chicago, maine- ment of Agriculture, resulted in destroy- d
The illustrations show an above ground bears being about equally divided on the ing most of the leaves in three applications. 1
ice house described and approved by Min- pros and cons of the subject. A member G. W. Campbell, of Ohio, who had used
nesota Farmer. The house is constructed from Indiana advocated cooking food, the sulphate of copper for grapes, said 1
ef a single wall, boarded up on the inside, especially when Professor Stewart's plan that he made it much weaker than the
It may be built with double walls if pre- is followed, said plan being a mixture of department's recipe, as he suspected t. at i
frired, 1tai this will add somewhat to the clover hay or similar bulky substance with to be too powerful.
,.: t '7 n- filling and removing is done at meal or shorts. This member steams the t
the end, boards being slipped in to close meal thoroughly and mixes with cut cutting Corn with a Reaper.
the opening; a swinging door may be used clover hay, making eighteen to nineteen The comparatively new plan of cutting i
if preferred. The building is left open at pounds of pork from a bushel of meal. He fodder corn with a reaper has been re-
the gables, as shown, or horizontal slats uses oats, bran, a little corn and clover fodder corn with a reaper has been r-
may be used, being sm-e to leave space be- hay, even in summer, to get the desired ported on this season from several sections
ma b ue, eig ue o eaespceb- hay eve in slimmer, to get the desired as an expeditions and. economical method. 0:
tween sufficient for ventilation. Engrav- bulk. In winter he gives the feed warm, a economical method.
g No. 2 shows a cross section i in g th e am A New York farmer who has tried it two
manner of packing the ice; a tion and the idea being that fattening animals seasons says the reaper will cut the fodder i
manner ofpacking the ice; a drain pipe should never be chilly. as fast as five men can pick off the ears
shown underneath. Professor Henry, of the Wisconsin Ex- of corn, this being done as soon as the ,
periment station, claims that he has data corn has become generally glazed. He i
Sufficient to warrant the statement that put three horses on the reaper and started
there is a positive loss in cooking food for the pickers at each corner, so as to keep
II u 111111111'1111111 fattening purposes. In addition ,to the but two rows ahead, by which they had h
S1 loss by cooking, Professor Henry avers to throw the ears only outside of the row
that hogs fed uncooked food do not con- the reaper ran in, and the reaper cut two
sume so much, as a rule, in a given time. rows at a time. The corn, thrown in
As gain in weight comes from the excess d eaps, ripened as well as any corn ever
of food digepsted above that required for raised, while the fodder was in better con-
maintenance' the extra amount consumed edition for cattle food than it permitted to
all goes to give increased weight. Hogs turn into wood fiber through exposure to
a when given dry food consume it much the sun and wind, as is usually the case.
more slowly ..than when wet. In he n and wind, as is usually the case.
It .ty ij aiwiU t JU li eating slowly there is probably a much .Ais in Trarniplantin g.
4 A ,larger aotntotsaliva mixedwithth
.2 food, shich may gojar insaiding more The little implement illustrated in the
.k fodvh^nmay go ^^ ^ ath
complete digs accompanying cuts is an invention (not
_--_-_..- -patented) wherewith one cantransplant
-- .The Drive Well Patent Void. any sort of plant, herb or flower without
-pe-nSECTIONtLV w., injury. The genius who invented it gives
F -vThe driveowello ptnt, which has beenBee Cultm'ett
The walls may be of well matched, a s'-'inrce of both loss and annoyance to f
rough boards, and the roof the same, well fa_ rs in many sections of the country,
bat t-n.--.l io as to shed rain. See that the and which has heretofore been sustained .
drainageis good; iff not naturaUy under- by the supreme court, has been declared
drained, put intileor, a stone drain. The void. This decision was based on the----------------- -
small sqiire, in Fig. 2 represent the record in the case of Andrews, Green and
blocks of ice, which are best cut ofnu others against George Hosey, brought to -
otrm size The small dots show packing Washington byan appeal from the United ,
material-s-aw duet, tan bark, finely .dut .States circuitcourt for the southern dis-
straw, or some other non-conducting ma-" trict of Io*a. This court holds that the .
trial. If cut straw is used the layer fact now made to appear for the first time FIG. 1-How TO OUT THE SHEiT OF TIN.
muit be at least a couple of feet in thick- in the drive well litigation that the inven- Purchase at it tlins.hb'p the heaviest
ne's, and there should be a similaramount tion was for the first time used at Cort- sheets of -12 "v, ''i'tin thev have. Set the
above and below the ice; it is safer to put land, N. Y., by others than Green, more -uaring shears
, still more on top, and be sure to weight it than two years before the application-for so as to cut a ii .
down well. Of course, if double walls are the patent was made, is fatal to the pa- sheet of this into .{
seed, re.s of the packing material will be tent's validity. six equal pieces.
needed at the sides. Pack the tWe blocks -_- he dotted lines
firmly t,',eiher so that there will he no The Christmas Turkey. in the diagram
air spaces bet -een. A solid mass of ice Turkeys deasigneA for the holiday mar- shown indicate '
h3 whlat.,.;wanted.
is wat. i wanted. ket, or, indeed, to grace the festive board where to make -:
at home, ou-hit to be cuffoiel now in these cuts. .
C rop of the Country. clean, warm pens and given plenty to eat. Now, these 0
The quality of the corn crop is much Corn meal aud swert potatoes coxbied to- pieces will be 10
lower than usual The last estimate gethermakr an adnirabie brcaliast, on inches long by -
made by the-department of agricuture which the iadi sili fatten rapidly. the 41-2 inches wi4e, i
placed the yield at 19.9 per acre, or about ;'meat at the same time gaining a fine or perhaps a frac- '- .__-
1,458,000,0@0 bushels. ,flavor. tionmore. Make -
The final estimate:for the potato crop is -- a bend on each FIG. 2--TIN TUBE.
131 (,i'i.iiixxi buashels, against 165,000,000 Tlhe Fat Stock Show. end of each piece, the same as for locking
boebels ins veer.l
buhbe : "spr w ye s r. rwh The fatstIock shows have increased In together a cup or a prill, then r,,ll the
The appleecrop, whnIesmalleverywhere, ,y ec -. t i, safe piece .up and lock the.n,li. .together ino
Is, according to Statistician Dodge, the popuarity wit- each year, and it i- safe
is, ccordmg to Statnsttcean toege, toe annual exhibiion soldering is necessary), so as to-make the
largeit ?In theeasternascarestthetaverageu-I exh maiyiof
lare-t in tbeeaiter, stares, theaveraw recently held in ("hlicac,, [lie., stauds tin tube here shown, Make as many of
tandiua being Maine, 6; New Hamp- tihead of the hows tuar Lave preceded It. I these tubes as may be requ,,ied. Stand
shire, (3; Vermont, 58; Masachuet- The different .-tate w'ire well represented themin wooden trays or trniusplanting
74-.i Connectic-ut,-83, and New York, and the show of stock was a large one, boxes, set on a wheelbarrow n ,, take
Thee figures are very lIow compared with with the quality of the exhibit, quite up where your plants', are. Suppose
proipcroui years, yet from New Jersey t the tanard. Short nis up whe is strawberrie plants are. Suppnt tose
N e tito the tardar. Shorthorns took the it is strawberries yOU want to
southward to the Caroinas there is no re- sweepst.a;e t fr the best single animal take up. Gather up the leaves
turu of over 45. and several ot the priz-es in special cl-ises. of your young plants and slip the tube
There appears to bhe no question but The Abeideen Angus took the award for over them, adjusting it so the crownu Is as
thof expe oon c rop of the country is shora the the best herd known. The exhibition of near as possible to t-he center of
world's requirements. Hence ii an the grades or cruiossbred animals was an in'.er- the tube. Now set your foot squarely on
orld's requirements. Hence Itrs wis preeive esring one tL'e tube and fore the- tube Into the soiU,
ndihted that cotto grower willrceive The borse show held in.conaectinn with say half its depth;. then pick the tube.up
enhanced prices for their crop. the fat stick hosw, although a recent and set it brhck into thbe tray. The opera-
The nAmerican clover seed crop is short, feature, proved one of the fiuestL exhibits tion of forcing the tube into the ground
but it. is thought there will be enough for ofthe kind ever made in t his country. .cu.ts off the Iunners. When you have a
home consumption. From England come The exhibits it, the various draft classes wheeloal row full of potted plants ran it
reports of an average crop. were very fine and there were also some into the field where you are g:itrg to set
The onion crop, it appears, isaI short one attractive specimens of the American out the plants. If the soil is soft and
alU over the country, trotter-Cleveland bays, carriage and mellow you can scoop it out and set the
park horses. The draft horses represented tobes in half their depth alnmoi.t as fast as
Death,of the Famous Cow Eurotas. the Percheron, Clyde, English shire, you can crawl along on your handJs and
The death of the famUous Jersey cow French draft, Belgium, etc. knees. No) pruning is necessary, for the
Eurotas, at, Mr. A. B. Darlmaou's farm plant stant.I just as it did; the roots are
at, Darlington, N. J., recaUs tisn wonder- I all spread out and the same dirt It was
fu] cow's record as a butter producer, and c feeding from before you moved it will
the fabulous prices at which hinr descend- feed it in its DOWC location.
ants have been sold at public and private WN hen ready to pull the tubes out, fill
sales. Eurotas c2,454)- calved Autig. 13, up with water. let stand a few minutes,
1871, bred by R. M. Hoe, Morrisania, N. take hold of the tin and pull a little; it
T., by Riot-r F1 (469), dam Europa ,176). will slide out easily, leariug the plant In
When two years old she became tiie prop- its surronndiing soil saturated with water,
rty of Mr. Darhngton, and has sane been and ni(ely mulched with dry earth all
a promnitnen t feature of Valley Farm, at _. around it. These tutes may be made any
Darlington The fame of Eurotas came I.. size, the one given being especially de.
with the astonishing butter test tha'lastee' signed for strawberries, raspberries where
through one year. She gave 779 poqad- A 'TAWORTH BOW. the plants are smalll, celery, cabbage,
1 ounce of butter in eleven months and In the swine exhibit, there were seven- cauliflower, lettuce and tomatoes.
cix days and dropped a flue calf within the ieen exhibitors with about 100 animals all -
year. '. Her second bull calf, Pediro, sold told,' including Polan.-- Chinas, Berk- Purslane chopped in thick milk is rec-
for i0,1t(00; another bull c.alf, lXMichael shires, Victorias, Duroc-Jerseys, Essexs, ommended as food for the Thanksgiving
Auctlo, .soll for. the enormous- price of Suffolks, Yorkshires, .Chester Vhites, turkey.
$12,500. To Eurotas and her-desdendant- .two Gothlants;--one Tamworth, with
Is due, in large measdre,the popularity various gradesaund crosses. The heaviest Make poultry houses and barns snug
of ihe Jersevsanid the livel.y. competition,, hog on exbibiitjon was Sir. Robert, a and warm before it grown very cold. It
amrinug bir'eeders, which liAs_ trsulted in' Tamhworth, 5-years old and belonging to Will 9DY-


mum _06'I,
.: r-_ re g et ant.K W C lo i hi s ,t ck a os N u alm nd "co c ens -.per.. ozep
1 n In 1, t .re- u w7t- good d a nd d l. .- d supply -4

S1 w e t k a nn ioi jsi and Mr. H. 0. Dan is, of Amelia Island: $25 per7!. rrl. a! -? .
i J g t w m h t miO N N- western per barrel -501 New. 'ork
A a Conclusive Answers. Jmudient D fo whall o aeoeint, of the s 7 per banre!; Sp'anihl onions,.ipeer crate.-
Sr eHow des physibal welfare affect best agricultural paper published in thi e Nw r~~--abae; t r 2 pe r barrel 1-.
-r- o rop n ih loubr olrae grow- moral conduct? South I edict immense success for it." T A C Nw York per eraieStO. fl
Saol little to fear from competition This qestat n is pagi ontg r the minds of Prof. S. N. Whither.i of the Agricul-' Sar l6, per ba r-
Scut willnetthe fruit of other orange rowig tl e #men of our country. Judges, totl p coi of F inda i t "A f-.-. -I I- -n o esti F i.L
tua o g f Ft)la rtsa ,,-- oena dD esi Fr t" -. ..~

1.0 t sections. By the middle of Jans u ary scien ist eg lators are discussing it in lows I ca say in all Aincerita tir t ailn .nc h' ... .
w il b eng s r ie n all th pri esi v e, a w lla s th aNtw or kiguiLns p r btr el -0 N w
.Floridaoranges -exceeded n' mit sangfrneenpecttations. Lxo-MIess h ,-S 5,'_ tie per" box. -_
-The apl mes ng of the Orange market and will cg nsequently not bp e bankers and theatiergy. r s it -s ho a iseti e rm l Ioi ae th ie bakers, *.e -' -
crtyf iy oin fr$45 wereot a paid for affected tol any great extent byf the Medi- Ourcdyrrr. like thpe restie of the world. out." D a lre--New Pers 2a en-Boe,.e. -e' ralis, -I7e
terranean and California fruit which Is fast tilling up with men having Anar- Nr'r--Mnionds tSr; Braxtis Ut~ _Filberts
.o t --s-a will then begin to make its appearance chical ideae, and with other social and A ardri s a tr atM le- Yoratia Jr eoeI t'-
-T e RecordertBl-" 'rc t Nlre;mEghc Eara, .e 1. .

e.Oeorgiana; a new boat for the m large quantities. he n political exrremists t bar, writes: a deliabted wit ht antear Pa$t- wlro:50 neper bundrec. g 6" pr box.ut ^,e Iooa-..
'Indian River, was launched at Palatka One million boxes will soo ave May not our morbid tendencies come FARMER AND FRUIK.Rc.'R, and rec- RALSeia-N-ew Londumn a pb.-
; Wednesday last. sold and it will behoove' our people to he- from disease of the mind caused by dis- orunend it to all on account. of its corn- lUALAGA. ~a.pas--Futl 'ws5hits, G.ot pyr
Maio says ctgin to prepare for marketin n ext sea- ease of the bod? Are they not due sto plete adaptation to the wants of this las narrel; tig welobtsO. o er barrel. -C. i' s
Sfon i r sa bthe re- son's crop which will doubtless be the some deranged organ which, in its en- Ntude. hiary te. 3 cs f
epts of cotton there this season will be largest by far in the history of our State. feebledstae,ndoffuses poison through the Mr. C. H. Goodrich, of Orange Park, APP:.--New York, 3@4i i perbrrsl. a
atn east 1,00 bales more than lastcaason. If Florida should produce 2,OUUtii or system, thus affecting the brain? writes: "I must say that the FAsRER Catlfornia Pears 81S' per box. -
Ratswba Grapes, I0@2c. .
age county, will net this year between be handled skillful to produce the best disease c auses most cases of insanity and publication of the kind in the State. I .-
$15,000 and $0.00 on his orange crop. returns. ThB country can consume such "softening of the brain." The ll medical take them all and can compare their eatl
a crop easily, and if the different agen-profession claims that the tkidny n are merits.ha s e -o wng qu notatins arewen carlu iyr mp re."- -"-
-The Naples Company will put up a es and the growers will co-operate it the principal heal th -insuring organs 1 Mr Thomas Meehn, ithe gished tbe for a nsr nB Wb aler at .- an S'
forty-five-room hotel anda number of can be sold at remunerative prices, the body. If they are diseased Ythey do hortiuurist and proprietor of the Ger- y IMrket:funih b eer n b r
_cottages at their town, Naples, on the c t erot hr r doer e fu o a t in a le the ewYork Cabbage wholesale at 12 .. .800
Gulf Coast. Just now there appears to be too great frorm theann nurreeiest i l. per barrelto f ou aand retail at c .I -cen .
--oin berthopo, o.0 Keet lngsud whc w disposition to crowd fruit on the mar- expel the poisonous matters. If these Marcha5th, writes: am very much Sweat potatoes wholealae at eiie;p 2 per
Rbrt'lhompon of Key Wierssedaket. The principal th ing now is to avoid are letilne and recirculated through pleased with the FtmRaaAND FRUIT- oushei, andBrretizl atc.per peclA
the street car company of that city for a glut, especially of russets, which will, the system, they produce most of our TROWER. and shall read it regularly, oEggs are;In air demand, Derai o-oun eggsFii.-- 'li....
$25,000 for injuries sustained by his son, it is beheved, bingmucb better prices in common derangements, which u know is a high compliment re td wales r e o .

d e s .'-.e t-e t b lolko the Te n i me sUn io n frpeora n ce tim e to iti e r tem a a b le m oan t M r .0 pte b arrel an d Arlaate t at itjeote cen t T bea. re p oa ne rd rla rC os co- ; m ".,?I,'

auidin seurd teFoia Sedit o uter $u0,0orl. It f crope s upa lke stownes oban e We hv p bh edi ou clmn fran-dto a,,o anNewxrhange.'.t ,o50hepworld Is merits AarlrGfat:"TsEuFLbRTa FARMERaA atc eieryhallmazeo,65cenni-per dozen\:, "w !ommo F:ior:lda..;L.. -..Thl ......*.h^--1^'. :^'-
--It is probable that fish will be canned larg dutiess. pol tica accunt wie s:-I.r di. A o J. C. ant of manatee, writes as pound. u pr ad
-~~~~ Ic ,Z.d -ax FR I -itWR, a d re. dss.e L n o ly r

of restoration to health from all manner follows: "aI look upon your paper as New York 'nab ou oatoesbwbotesad eat e conom cl thaEn the r.d7 Oilds
atp l d peo to beanacdhieoaat i nd caused by i en it toral lion ac ock Of ithteappro achin gPAsuEnam rl l w b ; I 4
~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ar 7- -o l'; n twdIbhoeorere;lgtwl'l850 e arl -.ol 4 n I I Illon-'

Jer barrel and retail at c0 cents pet qnn or can. n ...ot -. c-o.l. n wt
.h o.o i .al rer for marplkmoetlingr tiocn.i ad ., -,, 11 .ip.,, nrpf elt vreores fr2 cn ;gT a iiapaw oeai~ t .: -OP -T~ ? '''''y w a
f giactri e. C e s p i DO theT E W S C a of disease even of insanity y caused ad s one of the most valuablOe additions Ito ( r 1 5 ,I cNen mulcltud 0 lot lest-srort wel7I' a.-Iu-
by the a orabove statedrde by the use of Warneo's our agricultural interests It is ably ihe sm e e o hickensn hi wholesale at 2@40 o a 5. ne.It. powders d -.
said to he quite a favorite article of food.e lh ny safe caure Thera e is no doubt that this is edited, practical, directs attention to rent each; retal at 15H5e cG r o rentn each. Dressed O-. Y BAK3. Pir@ w R p.o., 10-:Wal
a-The South -Flo0rida Rairn hoad Compa- Pr ddasul and scenrthe most popular remedy offered fortsae, matters of primary importance in the Coaitry, per pound-chckepneretaolx, I ce nt. : or--. .-

n' wharf, bndeding Junet a 3t Buhy-J igb h aksadr^a -' an fromithenver bestleahg infrattonf thatevlomnt tof our various indusries, Noinr met reta- 55 ows. Chic.W.a.goW ^S SgSS
18 spn~oeouc ts salnd S nd r alt roo the ery ht rteforaioh at dIeop mente of tosri t o us pnd ut rie s l ca r nl eatspere 'onCas fo hFloridabeet 5 -: ..r .
AN RUTGR W R s4cdd, hebs lanae Ban a.ii 8261_3OD, per bunch, ---r I. .1 -e~ee n~r -t, e ps wek-Pt

Point will be 1.70 feet g, whh will o itrus County. we can obtain, the sale it continues to and carries with ita spirit of energy and r en m den d e send weee next seanger who mus It"n ial
1..03 ons brn a,1 fee, 5086ton; I th viiniy o Stge ondI wnt ouublicatiaonorughinv ttatin teindyrinhn wysofSlorda ea.mng.. .ioih.T ,^ eDa- Ho^
acouwnedtepao, 17il fetof aertmanfhra w enterprise that must addi-essitself e ev- hents; msrlion to ctc vi c s cd e moto ttf at at te ..lod ._..
se00re a nd d gt o n ts ran mea 3 A correspondent oe caa s the seare ew asfterin in for at o sausage f cenh; corned beef 10... ..cns .a- cando _. te .._ '
ett Northern a elt bag turip d ga e v d an- pe blait exece n v r patt the ae ye .e m e w phe .u U ^t ."-.rel^y, .' ,nd to ee h ,e r 'i
low tt de. wriCmpay t upa es f rom Crystal River as orle o e s: Public sentiment, as a rule, is a fair e r. TL hah Ariter the Nico loin'qurtsl or. 5iheens PalLa.,trnse neb,- 1. ble camee here pz d -uns the nausex
-A fire at Altoona last Tuesday night o There is lime rock in Citrus county and just criterion. We find this safe -i'.r.nH.aAcasrrotswh olets. alehatas82t50rcqubts ar- end5ingeytet. Values tb-d r' wes-J

.- Norher carreds wholsld ati ^,Sf250*.7). pfte o eselii6'.hbaelr- am ealtino terlainofm rl nnntbomtl i lt nneddfr yee -:sterd'1-ay .* .**-'*- rH i-igf-afta 'T.^ .aS
destroyed the Wait block, the Crow sufficient to furnish fertilizer for the cure i ie nd under date of et; r -latl rii centsper peck. .- nanged. .- -. '. '..-

buldn andr thlo ed F3 loridaSoto hoern R tail- wora dp op ats n ni ursae n sold. It cropsre up lik stne onsl^ fol w TK F J E aN W New^ -ee le y ^A orl50 n therlat|ticites and i tne mo
uldig n teFord tern Rai-or.Irosuiketonena ermote parts of the world. Its merits April 0th : "'T FLoRA FARMER AND eie--Ka]aazoo, ,5 enta per dozen;two-Common Fordas..-.-...
Ow If wbich per head Good tooe 0d, fine:- -

rhoad ep were pai i salarehesay5,0iwh0 Eg lao d farm.l of il yuu ounly edo n thse. .,lS P rhaig A e c .* o[--hhp-^ ^slor-eday at ower-S. 0T^ cperThead.y M God.rds=.....- ..... ..R*? ^:^-.J"--
but little inury odel andoneonu mbe r t he an e also wile burn Ar e w p o rkaimed ly he bof eftp rie a nd weyd h ortic ulturist f rpa e ec iie r el .-" .du or and io d I t. .-.;
but li whinhurance, etoe fces nto do wesleime Wh kitutor uranr a vendors. Miss Cgarrie L Wallit nations It sheds light on many obscure lori ulae doawer 1,c r ea. Good Foidased e.:. .. ..
N of Beverly, Mass., is reported to have pages in the hook of Fl'orida'spYssibli- retail, iie '. Pinea. f
Jaeksiit f oar tahen d i o aers th he o ulged uefrfrater om po genera female tie. in fru forage, live stock an iljn the nap, beans, whoalesa t per bnhel; re- Extra Fn -:1 .-?'I

.88,0 "ot 'a sod 531-l clrl uwere 2in ')g pto bsecure aou quinaorwarngop -uBa..olo 8 .O t ... ^.^ foes -'-' -'.-.^ -^*^ -' ^ ^^ l,
J kl o nd s Commerce. earm cpstal s to b auti ls ia heamu l e e a ngeende sprteilyen cent per quart.h ol "e _a '. __e.
The following table has recently bee pile amon the refuse woodd on his land dpe -a n geme ntYork yers, a rnd tor haveula-. deeo pme o f her -va t s r o f P hide Wp it. tui p-hes 2 .irba -rt
compiled oby th secretary of the Jack- and burn lime enough tho spread over heis restored M S Jon i Ber FUto, and kept in perfect heah by resources."erw ee t
thiseat per ounch, retail. t cen per bunc.a h'0- '-l .. ik .. ..glut, e.c.l o I th- Ir p.
Te sole Boa roktader an r- t wonderfully popular remedy, andan Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights, whoesatsh peas 6v2276 perbushel, iSpcents i- th %-. l-" r I.'B,
ie or Ofr a nr- rt slad brin he etr ve issLillieStep s.of ,2 Thirdteet, writs, under date of July 2: '"X'ou can perqu 3r. '.-'. ava ._ j.!.curT_ .
C~a~nbe-rdes atX r r~a te -I t i, tw =p e-~s:. n,4 '_ .-..' --_- yy ',

dished. hime ey d eporesenatiVs of th e the money hae sends out ot the otateo Lou e vile, Ky., was raised byit from notimagine th salid comfortIgetfrom .ban... 0sn ,. e r-" ..a.; ..rt..l t -J`,'r si --T5 --lBit,'"
various business interest the city th doubtful material he hauls twenty R-ar. i
5o h ort weoroe yspear.ofmencing mieents iet because hen isn. ft m n h t r oime p tree m ..n F G o rda m t es- "s -.. .*
uloy 1st, 1J..5 a eend, ing-J unf entb wfte a- liin theulakes -.."..and 'ri ers wh on
-t ris'izD R Toii l m t r p prba l t fis. will --e- .... .^nTd _.- I ..ed-_l .... l _d. t

ca s e~~ z r ,p i t ;^ ia t ? W i, m ,of m l y s x y h n s or paper atio sto h andb fro nt a llr a n r f lo s o kuon Your. pa e a s p c n New York Irish peiaoeaw ole ale ts Ge .. v Atids-^
Sends as forcannei salmon ani salt A prominent gentleman, high in offi- aing eabieto the fat-in, from your-able ..--0 Wp H AWKJNS L- 3O-".usI._
Corn. 606,2' bushel.; Oats.o847,954 mackerel 'cause be has not the time tngo cii position, taid to us the other day, corps of contributors and the logical- T'he Late.t otat-ions."foir -f'lorida -.. % -, '--8
bushels; whi oat, .34h67. a hra shel: hay, fish g th ifseas Goverffeow fain' ad a petiin ut.o t be 'aYThe pa per isa G od- Fr, b r l a nd regettblel ats,.t.-- I Er.. "-
tw qarran fore16 wcthts e-. o~ "Ftt 'a e.: .-_Als-, -L dFlli-iafr
by tl e nfactrioes. Cannd pa'oanNC wtat pieusent tofhim, boers tou eth gong who is thedn iu, ollogetggpeterresta Idie'a'e arspeci0 1batepb atems ton ot tudde'-d @r'I anIIgV

11,70, tos; bran an feed, 5088 tons; v I twhe viciit of Stage Pond I went would re quThere isa thn-ouh investigation the labyrinthan ways of Florida farming. rhangemrnt wtoh rhe -Fd cu es -tAoBN- i.w r.a
S- cotton sced rea, 6,032 tos; floor, 24,- down into what appears to haihr e be en a as to the physical health of the criminal and fruit growing." 'r c_-iane se nt to he ne h t.h e o.Pee .a n d oe Io-'.r ';-.w __is;
a oltr ter Es rchancee lthe50vario8us a Al Pnnx--j-

-0 Tbarrels; and grits and meal, ,ou "sink hole," the perpendicular slime at the time the crime was committed. Ma P. C. Minnich, of .valdo. writes: ei They can bea reied uponc-e ad '-.. acao a-
'- arrel. n the ha ending iof the ahbve covered walsn teweant feet high, upon in- In view of suee facts, the recommend.- "The a ew pap er is just whe t all eng ed sri e l the e rts isd-_Nf tt.o .i-,, e U, fLIE-- 0_ _.Jt..T--c;--
S acleks were emp 1) n loyed to whom investigation proved io be lime n f ,the tions of suTh a remed aRe well worthin i tilling the soril wt spirithould have. Weoike PLAk.LP2, :r,;a
.---'-- were- $97.12, and the total value of purest kind; opening leading down into consideration. the style in which it is maweaged. ,cts org.s,. ,.0;russets,$t w.Markets

'. -. ,7654 i orth, ana ds-_in this nline there thtotighout the middle ground of the w sl estabhshed in the minds of all, and Mr. J.V. Dasy, of Pnsa a, x Sei a t'the rit-s-oo: 2 cets r:"- e T "cn.-..- -I .h '

c .-Wneree e cploed 435abclers.-towhonmwere State. MIerl and phosphates, and din- our statesmen should-be prepared to p'esseshimsetfasfollows:'"TheFxg E. ;Nope W eaue, Dec--embera -' 4' -- hon lU hi- l
-phi~d i~n galiries _337,,531. There were cations of iron exist here as throughout meet the issues growing~ out of 1t-mhen AID FRb-l'-GRrJwER is thbebest-thing in.toewr utoe ievayad toOa.'-"
-$4,824,000 worth of bomber and tnava the western portion of the State. Within -they pper. its way. I have een; It is jaust thepaperfo ; -3 s .oun irult brousht:$tt4isrh''i-38 -
tores sold inthemnfacturad sale the past ear two-limeklns have beena ned 15 adif youne k toeeprsere ep n. oenw r .7
of which 910 clerks were .employed, to ercted at Ocala, and perhaps when the Agedcy. aat stAndad of: eackeeptce musetp bcamzd 1hen toni. toaS1 hundre ca- o Sneti"wee.

,.*~~~~~~~~~~~~~~' pecte'ota'. uiulieaSvya~h carept in, IS~ ^ e cauvwr.iS~^: ,@w Q*c^ ^ ^
lwhom were paid in sali res -t,0i). g ood people of Citrus counRe ead the Ladies- Purchasing Fgency. afe infoa." ToH brnEE bu" $-2 Tper 55t -c, X-'
Tesaleof dry goods amounted to $1,- Palatka Daily News, they also will build A New York lad of experience and pplar L. .wiictrh t op -- cNan'lse sfol t-ay oat g2-.3 on I6ueday, '-" during h' -
,561,e000, im which 26 clerks were ea kilns, reclaim the oveflowed land andl tafte, enju oyis the best facilties sfor we y hv l any... _-oi fo...-case a nd .._boxe s o.-_--ranb1t k,.-. -" '
played, to whom werie paid t2e3C0o by uing cthe t fertersa kind Providence shoing under advant aeous codi- r ten. ---'- =v a -us rtrtilbaucnnepder -uic p c- _. -- .
b uh hardware and building material S:u-n gave-d them, they wsllihave tinme 'to go a otins offersher services toades desr Mr. J. R, Campbellof.. i, fly, writes m e on. o.n ...... "cdar dmn s aqa^0 ojice- ..- tibt... (.k Dul. sa.tesJ^ .
268e500 worth was sold, .5u dnens we'e fishing, ing to secure anet kind of wearing as towus as follows: u"Out-of five papers-I herdo thed ptidew a as the de:- are .... .

"" 'ne~ ie *-**"' "' '" "*Th ebo sar .a.ried at 'rse t bv wiu tta"e, Your ts" the o'*l on "''' r4oorod1da. o l ea ad -echlg-- '.a~,ndtm tpelrsa,8 ...00>. -; :--s Ra S .00.,.^... 4"; :-'-:^"*;;s'- ",_ '. ^
_employed, who received as alarie- CrystaIRiverisablautifuisoream,with parcel, toilet._aroticlesor.. houehod-goods,- le o st. is the. o"ly one ."- "...... -"read" -eores head "d ..
S l452.500. l uran the sale of furniture, chida, it fountain headpow'ing forth volumes at New Yndorsc.s, Send fori Lrcu. ..wri .." -. ..oA040I ..-
earthen and glassware.-134 clerks were of putse water that mingle with o the Aiddress pgMISS S,. tebS: Joneso b t -. r. Percival Brewer, of-onmoutb, pa t. b .i
ge mpoyd who received $63,300 and the brackish Wvaters of the estu-aries of the 179 GatesAve.,rBrooklyn, N. "".- Il.,-wi-ites, udder date of April 9th: "I BALT,ORE,^-^ Derember-"V p e -IJ C
Sodis drposed of amounts t=o 412.000. Gulf- Like the Weekiva iorB'ued River thi koir paper the best a.nicultur eal de rn.nio. -_. r .s,s $ -0.2
e sale ofat a teeming wuith fish and its lpaperipublshed in th o SOU t -h.. .. '- w .A." ae -rlght,a3.r 3.'; .l ..-.." r'e -Ex-; -.-E". '
matter amoelunts to $2i55,,6t-l, 1fwhich shoresare alivewith game. The rivet HOW0uu PAPER i LRaEAD*EA D Mr. .W. Dewphurtar of St. Auguste e w'-m--- -,- a,-: .l-. sons found employment, h has an outl et to the Gulf, and whilethe uritesofptheFa betvRA stsFtoru o...hdO n Spec a.. t...ks -? UN- obl -;h' "- '"i'zr.t l.
received $213,230. Of musical instru- river and branches maintain a gonde m y a ... under date ofJuhlS: 1; "Its charaotdr lB. four quarts.-"- ...Y-,.- --- -- A
mets, jewelry and works reof acet; $254,- d'eh of wa er, thedelta, along th coast A Few of' Many -xpressio ns greatly in edvan_ oie anything ever -be- anprdes leane up closea-ipefchal'lh.rae rour ,V .t 'S,
500 worth wyeren isoeddf ;givin g ks e venfa large. vessels eptring. On t he Approval. r-gore: printed lb Florida ofits classand Sevr dea y eanchrs-apl 1leaps'etri tomo nadd :IV
eomployeno er wo rec eived northankoftn this charming places "pMr'-F Ereth of New York Cityit-"i-- is so near what e 'e-j oIg tspic-0 ar expect Brlghtn"-"'ir "1: ,td .4-
as salaries $29;00. Of drugs, ehemi-. nated the cedar works of Captain James ie underhe. date-of 1,2eThird sth nWries, tuat i feeoita duty ibgiveitaid q art. J A B~t-n-ii'.-.' Agen'ts. -A6 i ea
cals, fertilizerh, paints, oi ls; etc., $31-?,-__W-illiams, who employs sixty, hands, X'oui-paper cab-stand comparison wit-h Special.'. tothernsDcol-N.'----:L .- e ,
238 persons who ret-dyed445~,274 The guard to color, in cutting- up the cedar. .- ln salse agicltra jo urnals_ ..n ., STL.S eeor2 ac ih .- j...6e.s_....a.O.....f--e_.t'-f-
-da e hi by -.rse r t~ of 7 ---- --- -th North ad z" _sb y n.op.. r n e, o l ,10-,use;Z.-

f-_.1itt, vegetables- and other products logs that are rafted from the Gulf Ham- L-the o rth ;a-, it is b oand 'mbpa ifoned e f o rang es, 6 $300rm urtses g.&5 -- -...-.:_.n-
sposed amounted to $1,100,95, In the oatof the hlwer county. the;best-of thisb c .e -pul e p .. ... a & o .r ,_
-- ahdri~ o fs whsi ch either viestsi h of y. the m okantfnu p bt-damigto Felorida."-siassi tecnibgavcevninteFRM R "L 'f5 -pca to er.s-m o.1 .L__Iii~4i .D J~ A-1HL r..
., n.dhg required, wh reserve. as This mi-llds increased its sapacty three- r R. J. W o __ wrte .A aKSOn-LE E .-IRET .ea"her-cons ; -
pe rtos are fre ye rfold durg thelast month by the eoec- I..tieimen h D .
.-~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ v.lvn ytc ae n ies h a nua-e N RQ-RWEii l atr er- fvril aRndF 0tMVET. .obr are -.andem. ,. -'4.

Julyi es$42t,900., Ind emattnd r ofu ine s,- 3 lon-of ,ore-power-ful machine-rv.- it a f ,-You-: p r m tW e .'-" -- having-a-.. .::.:.t.._-'+.A-:,=9._
pcnfectionery and-ci ar, .46 ,- q ineetn to watch- the being held -its own, ae ilis getting better every .c ot -u _, Dcmb 1 1. ?. spl endi trade h.aard to l-Mrney

-58 000weredisposedbof givingetnploy- sawed t-- wo-inches thick, and week. -Thereitsa freshnessabout itthat ....- '-on ... -' bright fruit Of gooislzes.-We'expect.prne 4.-'5'-.:
-- mep7to 925 persons. who received p er then pass t f"o-thar, d swhcoh rin tem makes every number an agreeable sun- ._B. short r .. b ._.-_. wi -bee-t, riso.', : i
t..her services $59;500.- into sti-psone quarter inch thick. Other prtie._ toda clear- sodes, .r.bc; D. s be'fi .Yc; Se quote_ fancoy tibrhts.$3:00,8, ,frutasets FROM',,SIO .' .NOI-RESP'OND]--

-. .;." embrace .tusheholesale houses hadds cross cut them into lengths of ten Mr. Ezra A. Osbornei the owner of the smoked short ribs, wso; steoked, bellies a 6 -'0@S5.)- -.orraFt. Is and .rAge. -' ", O-.'" L:-eiE(-:4-" ... i- '
a hd-a ont 500 retail eitab ishments, -inches. They are then rut.down churtes. immense cocoanu~grom'esbon lheao t S .bis cnasdfny,1sc ..shoul -- dexs' ,cavassedSo"-'Cahlo mdiaorptenlceh'axms o ,,m- ;":; -: .
... -- -. .. .' .. .... ..-. -.- ,_.. _.. .._ ... .-, .- : :.

-- other business not included inthe above- into bins onithe lower floor. Here gb-Is erm toast, w'rites~from~ his home reeiytnLr--elueewece; .'Sfs, ~e'- --,c-. Lard-rew,;',;- ""=' "" .." . :" "' ne esy ..-T e.- M R herceI-b~feS ]90 hifbyes, Sc5;.-.Messee or pecla., to't. e .....fl-.i I -. .= _--"'t.-' -.-" .-;:t
are soap, curang brush od .other. fibre. wth--iJgbtni ng rapidy,si- ne and strike- Jerey im, -e Fsend AND Fg ethreadit' --eta, ta;Sba7f arr-t-,"-- ." -mes '-CHICAG O, .D cembr Facy btah5'
S Jce and other small factories. It does each pic-against the table, as if to .Guow R isiaheaddfn .any.t o er pappr t. from dat hrads- i- ar-o .ou.' -lo i -choce 6"2 toO-.W Ruset .L:0..o,2.-.-.a-,.. t- -C

-. ndin'ud0e tho e railroadfs-nor sh-ippng knock off'-t-he saw.dust. As-the 6ar hateseenistiowingus-Nothewrndrsthe Bcrraa---etflrmandadvancarmg. BesI' Receptstgh t weaberverycOl -ORANGE Q.UTAT. -',-
copanes machine and boiler shops citchesthe'sounds-made by mble fiu- great agricuhtu"al advantages f Flor- taee.28c per pound;cooktg, 1520c per mild. B603 r toht te -s -the ....' lmU" the-Iadi;n'

woagons, can -e e ad harness- makers, -gem on the keyboard of the piano, so ida" -u... rw _n _.- ..a is _e---ri- isa -'- .
-.cattle dealers and livery- sables h dues thistrking of the pices to- iheear Mr F C ochrane, a bookseller hod ....-- sraiitP=_u .Ma,-=Feed, .ides, E40 coh,,-.-tt t Echauge i Thnitrrpwer -4ad orthso' each .:
"prep~aring- -and boat- building ..a~ds.. .. of thes--expre. ce girs dtemn statiqner of Palatham- writes, undrdt k i~ fih aktvrfindrdae ..,= . ... ,.wo oa, '' =--- ""- "- ""cllota"hIS:-~ - 1 '_.fehpr&&a1maI'wetym
.- artifcicl .stone and t t .-a ctetra ,pipe their quality. -S o g great -iS the care in of-June I' "Xour -Ft~om n.A F .A.R ER AND f no ~wng-.dgures represen t to-dal'sv ,aities -W e .- .. -' ' e--dii- p ._ .ru.' b -..r
makers -,-bricky.cds- tnms iths--and aseorlng these pieteeof cedat thafthey FRUIT GRO.WERis a per-ect success. -It tuote wbltteeorn,-Job lo. sc,5per'bosbel~om. car cotiue good. fo fancy. .- F .otb--o'hzgc h..t:i;~- '4
-,-. "plumnbers,'gas and electric uight works pass through several hands before reach- is far ahead of anything of the kind In lost =t,: f,/c.- per., bushel mixed co"w, job- ^ andshb co-t's--d $- 5 -0-':- Ta-'-sEE=1=-'
city ,p~ub ic \ 0ork~s a.nd police and many ing the packers, ,who agaih grade them,, the State'; and evei one interest~ed- in cusbel Oatlaight'erl ,myna ai iy wi'thicorn, -n special de an Bean-%,-- ..... is-iIW -cuk.r ---J' "-a :'at"ff" .-n I
o thershmaller,_yet,-equally. importa,nt- and.-pack. wenty gros'-- in beach -lox. -.hi..iculti'.eotngricltl-ure sho'uiddnt-. t tef otddMxdt 3tte'dbrt i:.?M e,f' o t.- p 'andtoP. 5te S 30540egg pjs, nti'j2,0 4 tl[swO".-i J'. a
.,-. ent-riaes -" --- -. -; These ho.e tire--carried at pro.nt' by .itbut it 'W- ,.lumo lo adlo, e, .._ toatsa"e- -c-hlgb
-sent by rai t- -D o .. .W -. t.R., ROSe resi~ent,-oC the-s: Wbiatji.5Operowt .'. .h-T... limos'.- --- .- ln3e I .' :: -.
_-- ":-_-- --- ,, -' -. .:s -.t 't eDn'le cl o __;P-, ';,,--;,,1,.A ;.::,, ,-H *- ar e h- Wetzz--b le;, :~ be 'U o}'...:. .o.,.

... 'Te "- Orange Ma rkets ia n Ne w-'ie r wa' s- ef' .- h i g- upon- in- or- 'O ei' lt ua- an neiwpvee p-ap'er isjus hatam W e nt d i o Decmba7m4 72"" 'I ; .rn- .- -, '' N 0 -. .
.:.' -The-reports from the-various markets- .- ..- .- > -,o.. write from Ki.. simmee.. iiiiei.._ )50r.t ,' ._, %a;r .0 ). ton" brisk- demand '; "b'lgh1ts $275.35. pts.(e& "
..,, -" .'" '"- In v ie . su c fa ts th e 'e o m n i h --.- '-.'. -- ," ", ", ',.'- '" o a s, [. Jo. l": o u w s 1., A" .._ !.,.'-'. .. 7-, ,_ -.,- = '" --. ".. = ""
. of Elorudaoranges arc almost uu tormmy. DECEMBER wE-- HER -r .-t,- -b f Jun :0U-s,"TN2500- -G ,. - .. I -"

6enouraging-- The receipts ofthoe princt -... Fpts.a E ibmprove a nd, a --. $.-,%0;..tbortelm .Rusefst ...... -. -., 111 4V
r-rd prt i ctdofd, h itC ei mipg-sh e l wond r th in ti n the solgoud [ o de fs- m-t~ r M & E ~ I ,, e ~ ~ e -TKHWb1_,_406t.. SEND. r(

pa oapointshave been.heavy, but the de- '. ,. "oilo -. .
id$7.1,in h ablvleo ues ind; o mpeiuileaigdw into cultufhfoi. nl -4-.Brgt ;

wan. d prece-ding rhe-'odashas .been o. the ._ac.loherU ia iSiadinn by"_N'riioral -,- houth .r-- -, xed 2 w.ps6la. --.. -, -.- _-= -- .... 4
good :andl1prices have kOept thup, ,emarl-, T ,veal nsend-rpree_'.s-hetmrerureco.-, I -..-.GW etsto,,-f1 Mi.kesvile- oGk -reui Fa -Tr ton -20_ e .N.waORo 7 lr ed
d-tne ofod usatbe dwrapu oi., wi)22.d. ~4 C-'h-re Rioel of~3 tehen ~al (-ae ..k fose .. I,
The and not boo tal is w ha is ne de for quet ._ ....... .. ...-, .. ... X__ __ --"..." '-.. erdae"." d t Se", r a o b, romtd :,. o, 1 -w" .. ..e,
al ~bly well when -th.a om f fruit-that "t~h mon~o et'- mbe'ras observed at'"the CoIlum. baaQoiuft., S,',tandr ae ft c; cad -,slt, t relation -famoraw a -;,p-tI n.r..e .,-d. l hi

4w0eeiks, -. c Ponsidesredo Therewoees.noT therule conduct-. to.. i- e-: the ,. besruournal-of.,its kjijt of Flori.pd-.a. .e ". vt a, : ko ''n i.. ,-
s-._- eem -... -- -. '. .- hei;outhb' *U e ai t[ga good rk and..or-dark -melS 005.00 --n- steady.aut.-m- l ,ea. -s , N "
--=- ... ; pb e 4-.35 "-- :.-r. J" -V:"---. e s., x -ew t h r um -.__- -.._ IM6 ,81 n-'in- "hs 1n ther -- oi ho t b middl -r u da o the- "bl esa ls e in "li mi d "-- a.l., an ,',".- -_.. .= "- .... 2 .r -fo e~t .d "

--ingigooti'frrnt for woat,-it. was worth. at o5,- -.: d = 'toward.fya nczn~ lga,.inin industry-i. r h'-.r.' ir- ma I-it ,,, udet f~r-&y'
"-- any time d~uringthe season ;-:'= r- t:'Eia g. '' -0'~ ; a,. 'lr:. Foida"' L''%4-F'''[ ---4 ,-"--'- .:-''el h4oo 'tOa;'.-: ssxi'Y lV2'o6m lit~is~ n
wran e of mar ,et "from B t to -S .---- e . p' -UK -, '-. .' '- '-" ." .... ,," r I I

o-um ,ndtbey n,-icate hatsofa _lorda 1- ." .7 "- '-1 '23- Marl .n phospof-tes ain e o, -_t.
-' o eshavenotonly had practically -no .79 s tt em n shou Nd-be w rites unde d at d7t a'rR-_ -- ,e-5 Ci5__rty;- d 1,00,0 A 1
.~~~~~~1 mee the isusg o ig G -.
.., v "'" an "."- -- '. "-: -: "- F RUI ". ." .1 -" -. -,-' -'-- --' _-'"-- ---' .. 11.r /

rjval1 but" .t10 at.0 aIo ge orders ofthent 4 75 35 -n5 -sva l -tthink Tpo n Ff A Fe Sa( ii4Wl',t, A--. . 7 "0 .
:=.ihave been aent even t' Cealiforni to,atb -_ .a_7 I 28. 57 .5 ._8 I4' w._:.,.=stb h f. orfarmersi n- F.i -. __ .. I ,;
-' fupplythedemandfor consumption in .. .1 3 we '-t he a .. n i o ;!A R I A.I "
d ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 2 in 4 saa0e $75U 0-. Noo depl ow ACde of stmol-----------neDi'y~t ei' ___;zc ZiWA rC0a' -t

rthat State untel [I.e 1cal- crop-carnd ma- i-' s_ r s-',, 1 ."9- -e.p
wi."tte. here does not-seem to be a 181,9 79 ,ii ioNn-3 h- Ladiwes a-o- Puca i Agecy -"ates d e, inst"4)En I -_
.-,l4; 8 s'o r" 'I.. --,
xeason n y -ouroran should note d' 4 ,q 6 )::- ,_ ,rc uit al d` u -- -M-d.a'g lL.
The sale ofry g es a n to '1 a'; -sk t ant renyel ;ilr "the Fsxarza wi to e 30 people Beescax e sold ti--a'-- -0`
a ,lare.salee amongothe people o'four :-_-.-Ut --7 -2r '54e .,.) i 4 jandd tell th ?-'mb 997' 2. _.-
Pac 0,i n c awivlcfor at5 cleaks the fr stem k4ini Ts, 80-"~lir U E -ie ,tN lol -~t you, pound ll- e ft, woo, eo i o I~~5 ,Jat._If- .. --

-- i.-.1 ai' 5. -7 9.1..... O land' a -,otakte, eoin -thr nne b ua t fa i ities for -.t m-- .%- skn -be -i- '' ._...
Wtwhall .tb fe elarh i p i. thathave: w h vitu 5 10 ". : o:,: ..
--13,6t 0i.l,. . -o e e t" .. ,--_f rT .1

t2fCiortI lknbPrinteresigt noch ..'- -,h .. o ng b c r A -
..... using Wot a iI o-f'eoo- .-' ,-' '-'" -zc
beenlclos e- h ford t hnder advant s o-11;, of "s- rs .
makt hatbee alutted~9I Thi ha I~ ypur pa.l 1T, -- ;6i-

fe, ~ ~~~...... ., i .,...
a- -r. J. -. -... .

,-. .,- -, t -- -irh---, -- bT-"' -_ -
`ks~~~~~~< were ::.. ._. ,. .-. e. ,-~Sevc .. tou-,flo s fIceorteps~'w y, le-' .
"Out.-,ive--aper. .I...; __-:,: ...,,;--.-- -. -_-.!-,-7"!;51 :,--_&" "

-- .- - d of,", ..:.: .7 ,='' _- ..T -.-,0B& D Y' git.-

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