Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
C.H. Jones & Brother
Creation Date:
December 14, 1887
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note:
A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
000454290 ( ALEPH )
11040152 ( OCLC )
ACL6442 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026760 ( LCCN )

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Succeeded by:
Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower


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MAKE YOUR OWN HAY. should now place them at least ten feet I have in mind a good deal more that Phylloxera in California. the latter being of full size, both naked enough to pay for the cheap frames I
apart. For fertilizer I use bright cotton I may say on this subject after awhile. and enclosed in its glumes, had bought and the express charges on
Success with Guinea and Para seed meal,and have found nothing better. I have no seed to sell, save what I have From the Gardener's Monthly we learn The stalk of the regular Sorgho, or the cocoons, of which I had but four
Bone meal won't do. The banana is a already engaged. that the Phylloxera has at length be- Chinese sugar cane, is tall and tapering, pounds. I soon got over my disappoint-
Grass, Oats, etc. quick growing plant and needs stimula- My home for some years has been at come nearly as bad on the roots more slender than corn, and more grace- meant, and was thankful that there was
Our valued exchange, theWest Hills- tion. Keuka, Fla., but I am now at Waycross, of the grape-vines in California, as in ful in appearance. It grows to the height nothing but one summer's labor lost."
borough Times, contains the follow- The Cavendish being of dwarf habit, Ga. I came here to take charge of the Europe. In some localities the planta- or ten to twelve feet or more. The Now let some others who are engaged
ing very sensible and instructive article does not reach a height of more than six Cherokee Nursery, and shall devote tions are nearly ruined. They are how- stalk is not so thick as the Imphees. Un- in this business come to the rescue. Come
on the home production of forage crops: or seven feet before it begins to bear. In much of my time to the fruit business, ever, doing as the wide-awake vineyard- til within a few years past, the regular down to the solid facts in the case and
It will be observed that one of our the same summer the fruit should begin propagating trees adapted to Florida as ists of France are doing, grafting on the Sorgho was generally given the prefer- tell us just what the labor is, and what
local merchants is advertising a car load to ripen within three months from the well as Georgia. We are developing American stock. The varieties of the ence by planters; but of late it has been one is required to do in caring for the
of feed stuff just received from the West time of blooming, but as autumn ad- some fine fruits that I would be pleased species Riparia are found to be the best. losing favor in most localities, having worms, and for how long a time such
anof feed that part this invoice consists o vances the time is lengthened to four to mention, but cannot at this time. The insect attacks these vine roots as well lost in productiveness and quality, labor is required. As near as we can
and that part of this invoice consi months. Were it not for the frost there Of late years the Early Amber has per- find out, from others, there is usually
hay-grass. would be no end to the banana season, haps been more generally planted than only a little more than one pound of co-
tary upon the thrift of the"horny-handed and ripe fruit could be cut from. the -any other variety. In appearance the coons to 1,000 worms. This brings from
taryupon the thrift of the orny nd.plantation every day in the year. If Early Amber presents some of the char- $1.50 to $2 a pound, and our candid opin-
sons of toil" in this part of the world. that were the case the banana business acteristics of both the Sorghos and the 'ion is that the average Florida woman
now amd it is scarely risking too much here would overshadow everything else. Imphees, its head being not so open and can do better at many other things. But
to say that, in every field youcan find As it is, there is money in it." branching as the former, but more open perhaps some one can give a more en-
to say that, in evy el youcanth "A plantation of Cavendish bananas, than most of the latter. It receives its couraging view to the question of silk
he grounderly cvred, affords abetter when given the best care and cultivation, name from its ripening early, and, from culture, and if .so we are sure it will be
whenarticl pe of haperly than ever comes intoths on suitable soil, with proper climate, the bright amber color which character- thankfully received. S. L. REED.
article of hay than ever comes int ought to yield an annual income of izes the syrup when properly made from PITTMAN, Fla.
section d $1,000 per acre. That might be considered S it. The Early Golden and Golden'Syrup *
And, besidesthe crab at the bestfigure, but a plantation in South are kindred varieties. The Early Amber Things in DeSoto County.
demonstratedly inb ther w hav givebeen Florida ought to produce 1,000 heads to is very ich i saccharine matter; the w e e
the matter any attention that there are the acre, which would bring an average syrup is of a beautiful, clear, amber
other grasses which thrive in this local- of fifty cents apiece." color, and of fine flavor, and when prop- Crops are now gathered and the yield
ity, and ofsses which stock of allkinds is early treated, produces a fine article of is good. It is estimated that there was
particularly fond. stock ofalkindsis POINTS ABOUT CASSAVA. ugar. It is especiallyadapted toNorth- corn enough raised in this county for
Gtinea grass yields an enormous U i,. ern latitudes, from the fact that it is a home consumption, which excels any
amount of forage, andcannotbeexcelled Best Method of Planting, Fer- very earlycane. It does not do s well previous year. Rice crops are good, the
amount of forage eandcannot bhave exelled Best Methoizingd of Planting, Fer-ed. in Southern latitudes as either the Libe- yield beifig about fifty bushels rough'to
as a green feed. We have seen some utilizing and Saving Seed.
beautiful samples of hay from it, but F G a orian or Early Orange. to the acre. The, sweet potato crop is
whether or not it is relished in the FORT OGDEN, Fla., Nov. 21, 1887. Next to the Early Amber, the Liberian good; they are now being sold at fifty
cured state this writer is unableto Editor.orida.Farmer andFruit- Grower: .n--is probably the most popular variety, cents per bushel. The cane crop is also
say. o uyoPlease let me know through your val- O O It has always been a heavy producer, good and persons who have same are now
Then, tther ste a graed tal opi he right way to plant cas- e an itis o sbe is free th akge cer as n d s crop is g b
coarse kind of a reedy grass that looks sava cuttings. Professor J. N. Whiter from disease. It is not able to be af- The cassava rop go though but

ridges. It' has been noticed that stock to three feet long, and placed in the syrup. We can recommend it on t he d48 pounds are nd the maing
turned into afield where crab and Guinea ground .in an upright position." My whole as one of the best and most profit- root wias ten feet three inches long. It
grass are plentiful do not pay much at- neighbors tell me the cuttings should bee ai .
tention to the Para; but after winter sets four to six inches long and in a horizon- RzeGULAR SOleHO. EARLY AMBER. The Oomseana is one of the best vari- He raises itfor feed forhis horses.
in and other grasses re wel grazed they tal position two cuttings to each hill. and eties of canthe mphee, andra g bothgiven the Cassava idly certainly a paying cropol It
turn upon the Para grass, and eat it to Can I plant cuttings now? I have preference in It is good gro ly nd the yield to theappearance. Gardens a re good
a stubbledin one- instance when this soin 150 cuttings planted each way, for sugar, but does not yield as largely enormous, t

ree-s tencouraeeenbe d ouro fee highG' he varietiesor others. Astheearly varie- tatoes, eg-plats, cucumbers and
writer mowed a small path erone this grass, 13o1e already sprouted. Will, they sprout in syrup as the other vare, hi ibe riane tc..) squa e rt. t ,
he noticed that both cattle and horses again if frost should hurt the young That varidtyBshluld beeselted which should we have a wa m winter the crop
oul eat the cured product in prefer- shoots? Last year I planted thirty cuth- erience, hasshow to be' bet adapted will e large next year.
buyingle ofdi these things. While thrownin the ference in quanJ H Moore, who kindly reop, le mng h of season will permit, the l canter have been sold at three-quarters of awith

have fields of crab-grass should save the spends as folows: q of, drboats going to and returning from Char-
manger with other hay, it was picked which averaged 10 pounds per plant. wil find it an advantUR togrow. l cent on the trees catching their suppl of
who have not such ields can and should By ay of response toMr. Loer's in- cane, embracin bth the yellow rapidly after the dryol nights the
But those who have turned attention starchy, others red striped, ibut when : early and late. in the eight select Ofthe though Jack Frost s also dry of money a
to rice asa feed for stock of allkinds itin- cooked they are white also. The land is early Amberand Liberian, or Early Am-ell appearance. Gardens are good, and
lauding chickens, have received the high pine andverypoor. Thetops were be and Hoduras, or al threeof these re s a splentydid opening for a gbagas.
greatest encouragement, and areenabledava, The fourth five feet plant high. What are the varieties, orota e rs. As the early variie- tomatoes, egg-lats, cucsands f fand
teach ca lesson cultivatery one that culti- best fertilizers for cassava? Iillenough thank Some very practical questions are cypres ing on Peace River, besides
rates it is mosil. The areareulous to sired toraise tain aforany information on these ques- ropmature in 90 to 100 days. and the late Up to the p resen t time there is but lit-
dden countryimportinghabythe car- oe pice in a hill and cover about four SEE HEAD AD SEED OF ularorho Hn- te orthGHUM.ern travelFITGOWE, and we would lie very tory to and real estate sales

suload froficient rithe Westeo furnish praises or six inches. Have the hills four feet 'much tooseehem answered by some ing limited ut ion. F. C. M. BO :loGESS..
horse, and grain for fifty fowls, is so The above letter was referred by the it does as well ere as it does in Florida, ter, they do not suffer much. The young dust butthe particular point, how
small than thereis no excuse for any one's editor of the FARMER AND F Gow- score one for Georgia roots grow faster tan the troublesome uh onecan by the labor ofe eeral elections to
buying these things. While those who and otto Mr. J. H. Moore, who kindly re- ence many days, or months or evn hours, as e al e iS.

baling it up; their .scrappy- cukes and that can be used on It. Apply when the "AcROS, Ga., Dec. 1, 1887. thee species of the grape are known as bt e case may be ha never vet been de l The Aniheim(Cal.) Gazette says: The
have fields of crab-grass should sae the spends six or ten inches high. Rake it resistant grapes. Julius Dressel, of cided to ourknowledge. As labor is objecats ion to pland returnting walnut tree ha
hay to supply the home market, those Ed tor the acre da r ought and to ma-Grower: graftedon many varieties of the Riparia met i the East, where this industry is plant rbor, catchiinn ug their suppally ten
while hae not uch fields can thouandshould, By way of response to Mr. Loehr'sin- m et. DeSoto county went dfor an the

thousand of bushels of tomatoes, cukes nearly if not quite the same quantity the main ingredient in griddle cakes -ndustry 1n California* such competition. However, some think came to this country previous to the past
raise rice forage in abundance. of coquiries I puddwil peoffer a ew remarks i ad- excelled by no Considered ind have enered the busi two or three years could ill afford to
our maThereis no necessity fion, and the people Of ditiaedto my article published a fewezes mht en r into itself commendable, and if een reserve d for our friend, A. Mc-

this section buying so mc corn, oas weed. In this like everything else. if a eried rinagrated fo Types and Varieties abo performed, w shas.gladly wel the old English walnut can be grown
and bran when potatoes tunipcasava, The best waycceed heto plant is to 'cut therwise, handmade into flour for great success which has crown Editor ne amonlog ou r manyer: saw mill to saw th a reousandsonable time.
etc, can be cultivated so successfully; stalking iecesust enough to con-periments in sorghum sugar man- sources. He has a large number of soft-shell wal-

Mr. Baugh, of Orange County, thus I raise all the cassava I t eed in the r t a" be canned and sent North" in uf'-ure which the Department of Ag- A lady who has had some experience nut trees which he planted three yearsid
describes his mosexpet ridience wthananas to way I havboute mentioned. I have a neigh- return for the many delicacies those culture haasked byW. C. in the FRMER ND4,000 ago whple, they m,wereak, hicne ory, etcld. Thr fac
ridden country mportg ayby the car pice inhas four and cover aboutnfour thaEE HEADS AND SEED OF F OUR VARIETIES OF SORGHUM. that c FRIT-GROrms as ER, and we would like very tory to makefurnaviture would bea payfruit,

loId from thake are of myr plantiries, led them would not rais Have te bushelof corn to the Florida, and help make the exchange prominently into notice again. As a thankfulch toseehat I took no more. They and give promise of ieldng andF. C. M. BuESS n-
well'Our people and it paysll complae. Now, of hard set with thewll be slow about coming up Next spring a l intend to plant some cas- as te roots of throw e European, but on ac- ne wh thbaskets of dant crop ., DeSoto Co.,Fa.,
times, a command some will thinkan that, the it activate will yiery shallow so as tot pre and the n reportMy familythe results. f count of the er fbrousrooting charac- much inter leavesny articles owhen three- Nv. 1887.
north and West are better country e ls to the roots running too deep into the it does s well hereasti is doesrhapin Florida, ter,OWER-whe re suffer much. The young dusybeen weeks old, but the particul ar point, ho Contibutos.
farm in than thi; andg on the people ground not exchange i for that amount respect a of rich and delicate flavor and chapter on classification in the troublesome 'much one can earn by the labor the A. ., oft Shell Walnuts. cane
over there aever ing their grass wheand lieve it is the best th e world foizer n South Florida it can bOORE. little insect can follow them. Bymyer many dayust ommene again at 5 olok. This as there any way to cause t to rot

some one came alog and cut the heads ogs and cows. It does not cot much wanted. Farer north a few inches of rn Works Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. a firm continued until the sixth week, when q ly p in p
baling it up; the Cavendish variety it is dif- to produce be used ont. Applyn raishen the a Yer thrown Ga., Dec. su1,rface 1887.of the e species of the grape are known as the case may be. has neveryet bee de- The Aneim(Cal.)Gazette says: The
pickling them;theirtomatoesandw0tmy plant. is six or ten inches high. Rake it resistant grapes. Julius Dressel, of cided to our knowledge. As labor is .so objection to planting walnut trees has
peaches and it requapples and canng them to in round the plant Two hundred A Most Useful Perfectl. As ofnoma, in California, has seventy acresugar planter ering the leave s o f so little o- heretofore been the long time between
sell to us, and good reamen. Being of decidedly by i The old way was to leare ought theo make at dir da Farer an it-Grower: grafted on many varieties of the Rparia met in the East, where this industry is planting and fruitation, generally ten
while our ownSta te has more thousands of and last 00 bushels of roots to the acre. as mava de no use of somthe I buried ecTheon that ar tcanes arriving gewonerfully, changing the worms from one frame to yearsM.That L., of Miami, writes: Can an
other kndsons of but it w ell repays all care the other way, of cuttng to short as ough it would e e d to be classified into twoon be a leading thought i would pay us to work with income, and the mjte of hitter out of
bestowed upon it. The Cavendish is the pieces, tobe far the better way. Prof. buried in layers with sand well mixed Sorghos and the Imporniaees; th e former clean the frames, which is necessary in the citron, and how previous to the past
thousand of bushels of tomatoes, cues Inearly if not quite thong se of quantity the main ingredient in griddle cakes,in general order to keep the worms .healthy. nd citron of commerce? tried some, but
and peaches to rot on he ground. of corn. e no ried he ay Ipuddings pes, etc., it is excelled by no distinguishedbexpandedpaniclesmor differently, and have entered the busfailed two or three years could ill afford to
We are altogether too independent in 'The seed must be taken in before frost. vegetable I have any knowledge of. It 'esswithaviewtoaidinghomeindustry plant extensive walnut orchards. fthas
our manner of action, and thketingecome saved my seed through all the freezes might enter into thecoveposition of cake, which is in itself commendable, and it be been reserved for our friend, A. c-strong

My plantlsareohummockland, which planted till the alks arequitedry.or at banked with a very light coerin of ively of African origin, by closely con- 50,000, which would have to beke i brine. good recipe for this would be
was, leantirel y dependent for mos. It had a least till the cool weather. The neigha- tea biscuit andhi even, as has atel been Che ractdand eristics of the Different pricmake a profit. I hae mae up thankfully received by many. t
ecessaries of life as wel as the luxu- tends to his business he need not loseed his suggested, of bread to pare i in bun- and the Sorgho have no doubt itTypeand my mind even a ust compensation for the iondemonstrate that a better variety than

ihe stu. but piled iti wnrows..hirty and thardis like everytingwood. else, In Febr- will be dried either r in a grated form or numerous varieties have been produced, coon lose mrfore thanwe shall gladlyeir we-ig in otel to erected at T pa are ing
and has been spread over the ground. I long, and plantoscceedhemusr feet keep his otherwise, and made into flour for such th periments in sorghuties in com mon poi sugar man- sources.

put theplants aboutreaght feet apart, but cultivates'ao I suggested. He has m .e ,, o h.ew, to-a greater or less exi t., i, i my disappointment readner -ite eclima n a'shbrt time It a
conMr. Baugh, the-of Orange County, th e bes t luckI raisingll the cassava ofI need in the It may e canned and ent North, in uf ure which the Department of Ag- A lady who has had some experience nut trees which he planted three years
describes his experience withftananas to way I have mentioned. I have a neigh- return forth many delicacies those be- riculure has been carryingon in Kansas speaks of it as follows: "'I took 4,000 ago when they were one year old. Three.
the readers of the Orlando Reporter: bor who has four acres on ground that nevolent and money making people send for years past, has brought that crop worms as an experiment, and was very trees are now heavily loaded with fruit,
I take care of my plants, feed them would not raise ten bushelsof corn to the to Florida, and belp make the exchange protbinenitly into notice again. As a thankful that I took no more. They and give promise of" yielding and abun-
-well, and *it pays me. Now, you can set acre with the best of cultivation, but his business a little more in our' favor than proper introductIon of thesubjec in the consumed three large market baskets of dant crop.. .
1out a common horse banana, and let it cassava will yield not far from 500 bush- it is at present. My family is not by any columns of the FARMER AND FRUIT- osage orange leaves daily when three '
grow pretty much as it pleases. Near els to the acre. He used one-half ton of means enthusiastic, is'perhaps too cot- GROWER-where sorghum has only been weeks old, and increased so rapidly that Topics for Contributors.
the place where this fruit was grown is cotton seed meal on the four acres. He servative, but one and all have voted treated as.a forage crop heretofore-we at the age of five weeks two baskets BAGASSE.
a clump of horse bananas which have feeds his cassava to his milch cows, and cassava pre-eminently first-class in all present the following extracts from the were gathered every two hours, and an A. G., of Winter Haven% asks; Is cane
been growing and fruiting on the same would not exchange it for that amount respects, ot rich and delicate flavor and chapter on classification in the Sorghum. extra quantity at 10 o'clock fur the ag., of Wite Hale as i ce
ground for fifteen years, and theonlyat- of corn or oats for that purpose. I he- of the easiest possible preparation, Hand Book, a valuable illustrated pam- night. The next morning the work bagasse of much value as a fertilizer?
tention they ever received was when live it is the best thing in the world for In South Florida it can be -dug -as phlet which may be had of the Blymyer must commence again at 5 clock. This Is chere any way to cause it to rot
some one came along and cut the heads, hogs and cows. It does not.cost much wanted. Farther north a few inches of Iron Works Co., Cincinnati, Ohio.'a firm continued until the sixth week, when qicklyeIautiti it, sprinkl it
But with the Cavendish variety it is dif- to produce it. and you can raise such a litter thrown over the surface of the extensively, engaged in the manufacture happily they began to disappear. 'Gath- wt n a
ferent; it requires constant cultivation great amountof it to the acre. family patch will keep''ilperfectly. As of the mnachihery used by sugar planters ering the leaves is not all, for what I is only partially decayed.
and good treatment. Being of decidedly Theold way was to leave the stalks long to diggig and banking, I am not yet and'mannfacturers: consider the worst part of the work is PRP.ARNG' OITRON.
"nobleblood," it is more tender than and plant in that way, but I have proved sure, asi made no use of some I buried The sorghum sugarcanes are generally changing the worms from one frame to M. M. L., of Miami, writes: Can any
other kinds, but it well repays all care the other way, of cutting into short last fall, though it would ineed to be classified into two great divisions-the another. This has to be done often, to one tell me how to get the bitter out of'
bestowed upon it. The Cavendish is the pieces, tohe far the better way. Prof. buried in layers with sand well mixed Sorghos and the Imphees; the former clean the frames, which is necessary in the citron, and how to prepare it like the
very king of the banana species, and I Whitner has the wrong side of it, as well in. chiefly of Asiatic origin, and in general order to keep the worms -healthy., 4nd citron of commerce? I tried some, but
prefer it toaDl others for eating and for as others who have not tried the *ay I I intend to plant a good patch next distinguishedbyexpandedpanicles, more ITsaid to myself if all this labor is nieces- failed to get the bitter alro't, though I
marketing. have mentioned. It ought not to be year, for which I have my seed cut and or leas drooping; and the latter exclu- sary for 4,000 worms what mustnit be for soaked it over three 'weeks in strong
My plantsareou,-ummock land, which planted till thestalks arequitedry.orat banked with a very light co;,ering of sively of African origin, by closely con- 50,000, which would have to be .keptii brine. A koodrecipe for this would be
was. cleared four:yearsgo. It had a least till the cool weather. The neigh- sand. Nothing iseasiett6keap than the tractedandereitpanicles. The Imphees order to make a profit.. I haye ma e up thankfully received by many.
ver# h'eavygrptho~p alni And oak trees bor I have mentioned stores,his seed in seed: What I have to spare iin n bun- and the Sbrghos have been crossed, and my mind never to answ.hat'.quQ. ion ,
onhit ana in 6le!r'tUgit'Ldid not burn the loft-of his kitelken,'tvhere it'gets'dry dies, sufficient for eight or teni!rods of the-resulting hybrids intercrossed, until by experimental knowledi ri Now hepo- -The plans for the large 'fireproof
the stuff, but piled itii win"o;s.,thirty and hard, almost like wood. In-Fektu- ground for one dollars' .--. numerous varieties have been produced, coons lose more than hal f$eir weighgb,i4 hotel to'be' erected at Tknhia are being
fept apart. That has all rotted down, sit he saws it into pieces. three joints. '.' R. Pt'SBRY: morcier, less resembling each other, and,. drying, and I commbnce..bgrow disap- bahed ifward by the New Ydrk arohi-
and has been spread over the ground. I long, and plants themfour feet apart and SANFORD, Fla., De 5 1887. posses ing similar properties in common pointed as [ saw them shriyebaway, and, ''tl0 iC i" ig elected ,.tha" work will
-- put the.p lan aboutegh'feet apart, but cultivatesas Ihav.e suggested. Hehas .....,, "- to:a greater or exnt. ,.i, ._ mydisappointment reachedr its cfima b gin' In 4: h -i-t'ti5e9'" It 'av;eja
considering, the ,wiay thOeyspr~ead knd :the-best luck. raising cassava of- any one' I. -T-bacco culturae.swill. hereafter re- Thhe~engravingsphowtheaappearance. when I received from the.ailk Culvure, frontage'of 1,100 feet, anhevijbl~i-
the nutriment they draw from the soil, I that I knbw; a' "'-''''. "" eieatention inVolusiacounty. of tbe.vaiou0 seid headsiand-.o theseed, Association, ofrlPhiladelpbia, just about con'nected"ijh.itttl. dfV'6f best.

-"l .. j ,. .. "" -



iSd e !!Ilp liege it to be of an3 value north of New Bottling Domestic Wine. HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED Mr. W. W. Dewhurst. ofSt. Augustine, rnr
Orrha f an af n ork .and probably not in New Jereey. The TimesDemoc,'at says: The care writesof the FARMER ANt) FRUITTGROWER
rIn Southern States verywpomisng, large, and bottling of wine isveryvimp,-rfectly under date of July 13: -Its character is "_ "
............................................~~~~~l routesmwa wioy nndroobyh arg Ste. A Few of any Expressions ot greatly in dvan 'eof anythingeve rbe- .,. _
CALIFORNIA'S FRUIT iARKET. growth. The most promising introduc- grape-growers; hence tlefollowinghints Approval. forepriited in Florida of its class, and '
L ion of many years for their section. its aim, is so near what we have long
'Lovett,-of New Jersey: Young trees are by an epert in the business will, with- : Mr. F. E. Heath. of New York Ct, needed that I feel it a duty to give it' -
bet of the Citrograph, showing that the of Agriculture, had in Northern Texas im loet rm icm i t;adi abyn oprsn:.mU^ ^U/\H^L 'n i
Palifornians share the perplexities that seenitkid thegrondad u d prpsingo the c trk.e i wooden. mao eand tnghe est of this class ever published peF- ; f ( TRADEMO R ID A-,"' .,U:. l
beset the fruit growers of this State.. at Dallas, Tex.:thinksitwillnot succeed ade fro beeswa a si c oulo-re ,tYour. Ra.J o ridcat sta and cmrionI write
Theoartiole is suggestive; grafted it whe wierian rh Mr. wri i
Belo iseadng atie freomt oa lthe neum. lumts erao suit Deate t h d fallowe to .-',-rLa d au
of hpresenth yepor's ofruit shiments touPEEN-TO OR FLAT PEACH. When R ady r B(ttlin. -Wines as for and it: "'Your np d com pore tharon
he ofl the owngrph shoin tha thein ofte Texry prSgt teNrh
theastern ar tsiwi seent ller, of New Jersey, said this hadLsho tb d till of thsnsbe -weis er p ishe d p- D t
remunerativepricess have not alwatas been introduced more than fifty njears ermentation is entirely completed, hare Lo ever anume Man reeablaR Ltn- ;
besn realized. The reason can, in most ago, andFre-introducedbyBerckmans of become enti,'ely tred from deposits, ex- r,
cases, be found in-faulty packing. The Georgia in late years. Of great value ess of color, salts and ferments. and po
term tacking is understood v e cover the in Florida; a most admirable shipper, have become oeffectly bright. If they: -iMr. Ezra A. Osborne. the owner of the Rats arehrmart.the.ut*nROvGH oN-BATS"ebeate I
whole ground, not merely the mechani- Great variation in forms, some being are bottled before rhese conditions are immense cocoanut groves- on the south- them. Cl'iear,:,.ut Rat-. Hitce, Roaches, -Water | I| IM!
oal par of pro p er ly a r n i g th r iTo g a n e y s e t ^n e a k fu lfi lled depo .iits:a re m ade in the bo ttles, rni coast, w rites from h is hom e in N e w B ,u^ s Fie ryB ^ M ,:,hs A n s |oq f o g Ij[ I j n | .
Broker sizesr appearance and color, orange belt. taste of the lees, and if fermentationis G lOWER-is ahead of any other paper I ha Rat-,Jack Rabbit, Squirrels.morc.. tha
eofripenes nd all other condi- Bidwell's Early-A .long form of the violent, the bottles may bUrst. When have seen in show.g us Nor.herners t.he .L|A :
tioneet enable it to arrive at its destina- last named and worthless outsidenof the they are bottled too young they are sure great -agricultural advantages of Flor- d i. ..A.ND
tion in good order, orange districts, not succeeding even in to deposit, and then they must be de- Nida.!.' ON BT i c pe T
To avoid the trouble, which must be Georgia. canted. "Mr. F. C.'Oochrane, a bookseller and and desrroy r of Hen Lice. ffiisa *-5C. b,:,x of 11g71 OII~
experienced upon those points where The length of time that they require stationer of Palatka, writes, under date d"eoos,0 s"1 ,?i makes every numbr a" 3
casee foui n: packedlby eackisng A STRAWBERRY COLONY to remaining the wood before being readyobf June .: "Your FLOEIA FARMER AND wa. "h in orf teT:Tynetde .- -
dt cer and delivered to the shipper a for bottling depends upon the strength I fTtr-GROW ER ir a perfect success. It an.lfth e o the smar t. b The cuGH is ladcal beats
by him is a matter of vital interest Experien in Its,, se beins toand qualitYd bef t heWinesaandet.e condi- eis faraheadaOf anything of these kind ini anui ; coplire" POTAT0 B '.. T" R
alsp rcannotf beexprlyed toe fruitl and veer swett.FoP oBus DE,
inspect the contents of each package, Increasing Prosperity. Our native wines are generally ready horticulture or agriculture should not beAND ve, Shrus. eras, l.ound :b Chp. -u n- ee
without repacking the Whole. Fruit editor. taaasteofr antht-u^rowev: alter the second fermentation sulasides, without it.n orher pap I Mk atoTa$ .a0 F r bsu '1. 01 0.
always deteriorates by handling. After a period of depression-and gloom woich gevi rlaet ,ly t akes mpace early in thae sapt. R. E. Rose, president Of the St. box o-oisozs",.Zri-
A system should be inaugurated by dating from the great freeze, this colony youot ou March Whire wines mat ure gloud Agricultural and Improvement miof, "*" th *ne owo barrels --. .'-F,.^ ;l -* :.-: : ..
whch the orchardist delivers his fruit begins to experience a feeling ofeencour- deirlier than red. t they muste -roe idmme "nder ON RATS i uc haetpr a' w oo- -
to the shipper inobulk. The latter can agement and hopefulness. The pre-em- Hw Prepared for Bottling.-eAlthough aate of .... 50th as ow Te.. I ..
then~ grdwn sottefutna-iet ati h iuto sta u i n-a e may appear preftctly limpid to FARMER continues to improve, and, as I to completely di-rnburteihe irdion. Sprinkle '^ IA/1 Vi^ -
expenradeancd assort thoe pruintanas, whe en fact legt thf situmio tha that reqir sttcit-ak, rts ndrdt Ro NR

certain its true market valne. The izens have S cuired experience, and have the eye, Y when o ledf ir aybe akn a predicted, ys becoming the standard aN- w stib th e-s worf bhe ... ... h a:
work should be done by a corps of learned what they stand on. There was a considerable deposit, and therefore Rte a perfec success. It ... of the Theouth.... "a l f 1
trained and experienced packers. By Woful amount of inexperience and una- only safety isnocaresulyrack and fneit cni i far ahead ofke". ille it.roonenatd stare ot is ithe mc. active L
thismethod the producer w only re-daptedness to the situation in tino uer i the i arluble k ers. 'h tma"ecound. v tery one iesrte' inau'opTA a sTO B G .S ..
ceivepay according to the quality of years of the c01ony, when it was theDgon- suspension Ts y e n August 80: "TThe FA R AND FRUIT- naliOrpr,,,as, m any qnatry they woTLd
hisfruit. He will see the necessity of eral belief that orange trees could be s Ou r relative Or te white of an eggene iasolveay reW ic ulht e best agrlurnl ,ou ld kd i tale it'preferred to usb in iihr Trm.aees, tabl. d
into w~rd 5an adMR~rile ecn~d fr ettioo nghlysidcroaes," witou it..'"" '..-7.. .. ... ,. o rtu 0a t he colsr ng t en"' o ,tc P,.-

growing only the best of everytbiingandcessfullygrown right in thepineywoods, wi j peoutobo ng The,.outn. x is oig a good work od ureU sha\n in-a o
delivering it in the proper condition, angd that a nosegay could be plucked by whih g eowaru advancing farming industry in applied Cah t sr, rin.dRs" pprtsd,ray o.-yr-inge 1 UrU UU U
The shipper will have no interest ib the roadsideany month of the twelve, faucet should be fxed in place at the lorid ..r wt.,,k br.'.,im. F-i11 e foaun TUT- effrcmnr.
T~tS' noTffbeorca^^T^0 6^l~S? 'K^ h6^ Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Green : ?^u^ ^^^^*tr~k,:ar *\e&$ A -H uRTI---- ,-
A ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ n No ,adi ilntb ogbfr aal-from ith isreant ofreene this co stlony an ttesmtm h akLand And imptrovemend Impovmpany, mie E.ii on.Cem~t Jesvicl. twJo barl

srd houldbe sihl inclined forwardando nr
wichi theborchdardist.Wl deloeiversan esabishew fruit byftegbightsto expe~riaence ad faefhelin fetnough rek-bs balioedri than posiion Co.,he pe writes -fdro Kisimme, unde slake Inde Muc "We

brandad o y sape, wih rheas- ofinelf-hv sogh mor ^ S KS ^ od cauion mus be tae ottdstubtinTPFT TCQa,[ -RO-R - -
tournc th at s hip er arin-blk.Te isjstwatitgerilo ptoseswee n h h cask afteradhoeunes hepeem te Iwiine. -Ihas g dlare.the I of Jue 16has followmes: "Thif e e anou tbruee ni ,so'a

'The business "of growing, shipping practical utility and productive'eapacity. H*uring cool, dry weather. Mr. E. W. Amsden, of Ormond-on-the-Ordaer'swill be hoolicea now for' delivery dur-
and marketing fruis can not be ad- It has been worth a great deal to our The above directions apply to nearly Haofax, wCitei as follows : *i am tak- Iing Aprll, May or June, 0 1yissibuuperior race EDITOR.
vantageusly carried on by the average people, and has frequently cost some bit- everyspecies o wine including that ing ten papersot agricultural subjects, ofnpure s.... w d
grower. Only those who have very large der experience, to learn that an ompnr is be o min the s t a wet. and is haIe efodithleedn mxdbwect
orchards dan do it and they would cher asow e as a on siderablerresit, an thore the AiD FRUrT-Ornal of thep South Cn lime, nered on wiefl natntK! W hilene In ._.d
bty find it quite as profitable to let the to, the s in........lya to deal "i of ,oore imt-owe ilar oolv true wine is teat made of grapes, ao ta-ke the other nine, but leave me lldlld arless t.
dealer have his profits, which would be the preparation of a dinner s Upon the care taken T i matters of per- that. May peace and plenty and yearsUT ,a', or vo,:te espec aby a4uat^t they dd AND
...r.e thn f set then .e prces.. re- belief u -_oag trees bcoul b e suc- cgl anliness depends it- equality of grace be given you to continue the f Quefs ry d al a speiay, inte n liqui o tabnea
rowithng offstly the bestto eryt ince wine an,- thrugl inopoae ,RovoeoNRATSt W. .. .. .

alized. W hen buying a box of fruit, thethe ..i ney wo ods, toe.sSota ne s It wise doing a good w r %vooo11 .ar in a kes ofwaer
retailer wadis to know that there is no the uan place the homely fact s Eieu ,r o- ar-E 0 t"11
doubt about the quality and kind : the dawued on our c' iusuess thav rlt- eany eeamfe dent h f ,,,wit e "I believe your paper will do a 4For prices or otber Iniormaiou, address .^t .
suendiong forwardin aurtice ascertain The hopelerssl im pctiable c d in- timewo f a beforethewe hasri, a pestr edup whil ths ioodo
Possible, taking into consideration waters. There ib at least one man inthe'stto te the regard to fruit raising, farming, stock the BowlicconpgGreeth b and meboe-
*uthe perishable character of the goods, the colony who will never more try Ito .. I. S ',TELL. enis. ra Co., J .
It is an open question w whether Fruit, exte ,'m iuate Berm uda gras . w ith a pock- ,Cloth Fram es. M r .H .G Danipls. of A m elia Island : ; "I' .- a">ed n:, alles e r,af mc~ f~ fecnt, d s uchribo ewo U rl
Unions prove as advantageous to theetkniteandatoasting fork, and atrlea.t Tbe fidreiloth has made fortitslf a "sJudgofno andha p- worfih FRu ONE SAMPE M 2OPY, "We
great markety of small fruit growers as one other who has discovered, to good reputation in the time it has been FARTER AND FkIT-G-ROWER, it is the lof as, ,ejrRem eghboriD_.tates. .,,-.
tO theafew promine.,t ones. his endf p ring advantage, that wagon befon the public. It is light an d str c le.t best bicultural paper published in the Before yon deeie where to go in SOUTH .ommeneig wb.the arst number and roe-
The teodency of the present j ay iu to with gum spokes and a mare oW" uncer- and mildew proof. The simplest way of South. predict immense success fo, it." FLORIDA, ,eod fora sanpie'eopy of tlirongbthe seasoior --
ubdivide ttbe large trat. of land into tan age and embellished with a "snake- using thie or any cloth for protecting ,o A H. WhirS r t Ag,'i TRY,: OAOE nOui. .
small holdings. As -f matter of eourseh bite" are ot valuable property, bot-heds, et., i to tack it to light frames W.l'o .ieg er, of Flordartheafl- Ters wil ORAN G bertera.d no reery b r -"
the small land owner will go into the We have ea,'ned what every, manl say three by.six fedtie using these like toea "'ly H al -a loi as a fority, lowas -- m- C:.,u B-il n gad oJne, omayr barganhs race
production of fruit. It ia a question of must learn who ever comfs to anything abhes. These should cost not more than ex"''* "1cd m .V moDtagu~cineene~t.ion, t any sizAe. C.:'iduny Lsn ad, raner rea-o ^
vital importance to this numerouscia'ss in the world--how to make some moneT, twenty cents each. while glass sasheles Ah'eadny i m ihuta png eeriecallth ion "fhdep Bpridtro"liiage^ei T P rlanting
taat the very best marketing facilities There is a saying, "tools make money, cost about $ each. While such dsea toud ED ITOR .itou a peer os all or hRde ree ,
that modern business science ean rge- but woiee men spend t.'" Most of us can never answer every purposedofglasst bengnd;beis here to soay and "There s mslLiob 0
jest Ibe offered to prevent disgu.t, disap, were wise men whlen we came to ,Law- they have at least one advantage. This M,'. R. A. Warsk d, postmaster at Mala- im ,t'"ri ll/easel TheRr n-Lbenser;e-ofarncleaontrots-other *
pointment h sd failure. Every veighbory tey, and some of us, having wisely spent is iu ease the covering be left on in the tar. writes: "I am-delighted with the Addres T GROV LE<.L FLA. tha th e o t e^ gTOUp-wiuch bare
hood, where the production of fruit is our money, have now arrived at the era day-time when the sun ia shining; there FaE AND FRmt-GROvrR. and rec- proved most sncccsstul in thua State. Eachva-
the leading industry, s would make pro- of foolisbness when we can makesome ia comparatively little rise of tempera- ommend it to all on account of its corn- FFilP aOl ldV M Hunltif DO S, rietywilltbe'lesenbed and .
visions for the marketing of its products again, tare underneath it, while it it well plete adaptation to the wants of this lat- t' a
upon the above or some better system, if A e cabbage ia an humble vegetable, but known tha tifathe ventilation of frame-s ithde. Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va- ITlll]s itrPaen .
possible. it e-ables some Floridians to go North in covered by glass sashes s is not carefully it r. C. H. (r-oodrich, of Orange Park, ,'ietie of Domesticated Land al -
Apart from home consumption, the the summer. An Irish potato is a attended to the crop beneath these may writes: "I must. say that the FARMER and Water Fowl. .Aj.i there is-ll be r notea (ra persons w-ho ave "'' "
fruit grower's whole interest centers on stumbling block to some men, but it has be quickly ruined. Aid FRUIT-GROWER is decidedly tbe bestren ouraes
marketing the surplus for self support the root of the matter ,n it. A straw- Peter Tendeson has recently stated publication of the kind in theGState. I eIa t =ria l '' -.-- Orderd e me hat teuliatrn. Tehrua wi l
and profit. Co-operation does not seem dery is a vain thingto an office seeker, that last spring in is establishment they take tFoem all and can compare their A oT heoroIghibrid YonSe aedHounds. folaged b a Ftia ar eera-
to answer the purpose for the reason but 12 aces of them in a block bring to covered a lot of cabbage plants peith the merido." A cdress Vt,, zamz, FOel aai Plants :
that a man will run his private Iusiness us, on solid business errands representa- protecting cloth forqh'ree weeks, never Mr. Thomas Meehae lhe distinguished at Fi. .o sd d wk i
better and more successfully tban an as- ti es of the greatest eommisainu houses once taking it off, night or day, and the horticulturist and prop.rietor of the Oer- rtftf AIR R DCC Ado'rsbet wl ellurtdt iie
sociation can for him. So the dealer or of 'Boston, NeCw York and Philadelphia plants were nearly as good as tho'e mantown nurserie si. ,n a letter date-d iS S A L B E R T F R IE S Ano-eru, -eetuiawi eLl ratedto.a hiiu tea
intermediary between the fruit grower Two important revelations have re- covered byHglaas. I experiments with March 5tb, wrtes: "I am very nuch S ST. mCHOI.S. FF.. Much atteunon wL be devoted to h a.
and retailer seems to be a necessity, costly been madr. The heas t fruin itlast was founa-ato while pleased t-ith the F aRER ANT" FRUIT- stokNTFR OEO. W BAK.Ro1
Theresa rsk c nhbuya nad o h and des. the ol w th have dis oered the themooetr m ed ideireen the GR and shal, read Lini en O Stfck ....
ling fruit when iquexact conditiohesn- I.awtey, and Lawtey hasdiseovered what temperature under A .his covering was 5 which you know is a high compliment RottedaBon M oa ae P sLmat
known, and t ade plan above ouggesed of it was created for. degrees higher. Experienced cultivators for an editor to pay to an exchange." FRl EE ONE SnAMPL Ed ,o che borne prodw nonoftoraeaand rerthe i-
allowing the dealer to inspect and paek Writing in all seriousness and modern- koow that the difference of 5 degrees in Hen. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee. wrdtr as DECOM POSEI POTASn. -- r, to eooes wih ae0 esa -
whlat hebys oldpssbyobit tion I ca^nno^t hutreordmybelief that "teme'atu io most cases would save fo~os: 'I ok upon yor aper as Prlce, per'tonnree on board LU Jackson- cestltrmaeeaeml g.c- -
muth of the difficulty and los. heretofore this point is destined to "become the early all plants exposed iI the opeo air one of the most valuable additions to SOlUeH or at fa(.ory priee When deLivered i. "inmif -o
experien ced." centre of one of thi liveliest, most pro- to the da oger of injury by frost. The imr gri cultral inter sts. i t Fably hoIheo forA ae sno y an d t thprou gh be the tor-
The question of marketing our fruit, is gressive and most intelligent industries sashes of cloth being much lighter than gditpri cal, ir et attenion eo
worthy of thleibest attention of ttaeapor- of the State. the gro, ing of deciduous those of glass, should be secured against matters oN. pitary importance u rinte DS lP MAT IR PrAPI e,.and the deparOmeatGo .
tat~ion companies and business men, If ufruis, and more particularly thP straw- lifting by the wind by hooking down or de 0lopen0ofou various^ indstres .t IfhMnljh Lil -
olved satisfactorily the great futurepre- berry. We have here a raeve combina- weighting them with scantling, or the and carie owih itaspiritdof writes ad FunYiweilat 1 per h-ndred, per thousand Truck-Gard rg, i
dipted for the State is assured. If not, tion of favoring c]nditions-a perfectly line.--Popular Gardensng. e nterpri cant smust al sres it, ito ha NAl at in thousand rates
real estate will be valued at its worth for healhh, non-mala syous climate, a soil ery searcher sfser o Thetpropriet othae Floriculture,'
growing cerealh, peculiarly retentive of moimtu y, c and Southern Grown Seedi s. e Are r at i nfo rain all the
proof against the drouths of Aall and M,. L. H. Armsttrong, of St. Nicholas, r.O. MrNNtC rT, Poultry, ;
Comd arin s Notes. spring which oftes destroy the ." stand" Ms t of our garden seeds come from Dural ndounty. writes under date of WaldoThFe a i
an f Ee of small fruits and, vegetables in the tae North. Foronion setswesend North Apri1 26th : --THEFLORIDA FAw ith the Veterinary
The following from the reports of the lighter soils of th State, and last bnt athe buy from the retail local dealer here, FRUIT GROWER has far surpassed expec- B N. aLLd.-C. E. A. t. ianiLpnn.K, ASaohiteet. r>
AmericanoPomologial Society :is interest- far frum least, fairy speedy and safe paying an enormous priceewhen we pur- stations. It sheds light on many obscure ELIS & i c CLU< R EI "R .... ....... Practice, tC
tingasshowing the.iomporatiy e S standing transportation, and a body of growers chase br the small ae rost farmers and pages io the book of Florida's pbsnibili- Fancy -l a n tirt,
of some of ons favorite fruits in other who have startle light, w[io employ the gardeners here do They can be raised ties in frut, forage live stwckand in the Architects & Pivil Enginers pollle trtbutedo oe by peron wbo have made
States: best methods and latest implements of as cheaply here as anywhere. They can development of he' vast stor of hidden the v l of1 framepsogsl flg of thobe stara te cd
i l FFlR PEiR. modern hormieulture, who have created ice pcreerved through the winter if we resources." H.Plans fGr amoantotofon, and. thePr S iate ofrees wla Laed
Brown, of Rhode Island: Not worth an invaluable reputation for their prod- will exercise the pains to keep them in se m Wr C. Pl:ley, of Orange Heighas, HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIATE BUILD- terep lbted notes'a fm person s who hve
:growing. Eagle, Pennsylvania: Fine for: acts already, and who are able, b their thie proper temperature. It is time the writes, under date of July 2~: '"YOU can INS,3ANlTARY ENirraER[NGO ne oorumtucswl hsora e
fruit grower's~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ whole itrs etr nsubigbokt oemn. u th s ale q icklyrtaiuo eeytined we FRUT-mGROWE Ri theso id el omrte b est, bfrom~rc n-iaclrti-Tiswl e

everything but eating. Fuller, New numbers and intelligence, the s teraw -mpor we wol imagsne the sd hs sablat icn eki in the fSa o oeS.IRooms7 fndPmollowe e y oe organ"tanyea woiatlonoroaJty.
Jersey: Received the variety from Down- best facilities and t~he highest prices. nedB tpeo ewl lasb h esbl diegvni h AMRpao74 omay 8 wBloc soetae~rgan"outaunyaraomeoidand ioorlo-a
ing .n~d this is very fine fruit, for can. Ino my native State of Ohio, and in the poor,- and ought to be. 'What our farmi- A-NDFRUIT-GROWER in all matters per- Jao Aso'-rI.L.EFL,.. set alUsetirtons ^amn d anted withaUlt re ra.
Ding not to be despised. Berckmans, county adjoining my own, there is a era ned to learn more. than anything raining to the farm, from your able en
GCorgia: May not be suited to some sec- town. Barnesvilke, which, although it el ase i prcommon sense Shall we be hew- corps of contributors and tSte logical SH-L[ POND NRS-RIES partiality.
lions, but to the South especially it is a has only about 200 acres in strawberries, t er of wood and drawers of water for views of the editor. The paper is a God-YARDS
boon. It is not of the best quality, but may yet fairly be called the centre and be North and West forever, and our send to tceo granger who is threading PEACMrES, PTA.RS, Fi-s"PLtS, dELSE ..

for health and productiveness node are leasii g point" in that iodustrn for the children after usit -We even seed North the labyrinthan ways of F torida farming .PLUMS AWD OTHER FRUITS. '.. .
better. It proves to be most valuable Whole region northof theOhio river and for lwood topi'a outr .teeth after eating and fruit growing." Send for Circular coatams ahort Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
for market. Van Deman said he has west of the Allegheuies. od last i' largely, poducedat whe C. pse Minnich of Waldo, wriTes- storofPchaCltu Of each weeE-.
seen it from North to South; at. the Some of the ablest horticulturists have Northe.. ... t "T, he (, paO E r. s a ust what all engaged artoy cltre.
North it is very poor, at tce South very visited Baroesville and le d that. it has templatin der I--P.' t ,;,..' te cs t which youi tke is ma hage. Wc t U J.". .L. S.
fair. Augur, Connecticut, spoke of its no special adaptiveness of soil and elie .h igher .x. Ache er, Fla.. ./, 1 E hf
great beating qualities; the fruit proap- mate,iandgthat its pro eminence io the r-Liknow .Tatterihdoff'r.Che degreille-in. and not boom talk is whateis needed for as D E DWI c.o PRICE O whicBhareO lON t -
erly thinned is finer and bas some value. Northern strawberry world is due to the Htes'.iStlphe nMissexippi inalltey Fope-aier: the advancement of Fvorda.l O r.yNprE ES. "-- .in T
Ne Yok A du a ~ mouth of "pc -~l be deoe to10OeYar $26

Le OOpTE OR ES PEAR. a that it consists of a body of very in- The best and only c'op of Irish pota- l. J. V Dabtof Pensacola, ex- A tt og oe i y Ty f t T e o r aMoth '- -n o 'hmr
Berckmans, oqu Georgia: Like the Kief- telgent growers(largely induakers Ibe- toes t i ever raised mnuthe-Iatte" partiof presses himself asfollows, "TheFa ER to lerdt of B earange r ) oln. .the d.a.-...nso
wofer, it suitsome setions better than i e w ho e red abd of ecuos su e,'of totho uld eseson, ot M ersfprUiT ry ima8nbes ting it hein eerSt hi, e .' SPOI COPS .. -::." .
others. Withco hemae taken from the e n d. I an stmore parti cumulated plantingout tihe vines. I thill give your its way I have seen. It is just the paper ti'h'ty. Must be sold to maMeGroomG PiieA'-
sovree it is no l good. but if carefully about themselves facilities and conven- readers the plan, andthey, too, can ex- n k i u p o pry aven .upon a hplunaron. 'Pano tpry to d .state

matured through earte icks a rwill a]- enes, and establish d a reputation for peiment. When thevines are in full B't standardtof escaldenssitselfut o be m e fie $L r.uSampler ,et poek.eldtnor, Adre' olp.os .b .a -"
Sestaompae wil ith b e v Barlu e tts worIthis fair d andsuperor phducts, lo t f chea't aibs ofsth vines eouarcherafter iep at e alogue.d.0d" Address. Flo.b.tue. .oR,-,
d i ng si ctfrealm piefr wi arly -rete t i rbe -ries n athe o e n t o wnlSe es Mr. whereL u.havermst n ronmg or ichol 'a P ,Jack.o L ,uo to ,"-" -. '.
Conetiu,,sad6t -rw proo aelwt bcgoure ainst the y areul ofhippead Mosete rows oregardyend openeds comep frn -.-v,. mity write und,,er date ofWlo-laPuty

th m ^ i ~ ea ^ lv a d ^ eve^ 6-,b,D o_ $3:-a od '4- a-bushel, with- a-plSows-:place'tbe=- butt end "of-t~he, Drb me n^ **t. .... "- "- .....' AM O .... XF TIRK Y H .O; ^ -B R O "; ..4, -- [ .-:. ". .
the be~ masn Nog,'uitesro spi n whie tbe fes rries from other poind" vine on the bottom'of a':ur'ow;-and Mr,,. R. ampbeUqf,,Paisley,..tes M 0?lt ,BIil f K, 1- l.
better than Thefer itro~ts at the core. ih-onty t^ .d_,.-!|3a'b-shel. -..leaniton an-afigle of 40 or '4,5dtegsee; to'us~as fo~l0ws: ""Out'of fe.aiyei'._Da -re.r.-Jn6" Wm'eay[. ^ W~a~~~ "., '-5^^ ^ ^^ ^^ ,_^^
ofry smal fruitsia and vreogetab'les ine thef'e thel North.~ Foroniinset "en Nort Apri 26h:-TEFOID AME..etrnr

runThuefalaogeneraJ thrii rtsho] Nr, w, Lawter soilso e se, m lst-of thea -p[lt.he dirta.i ith.a ho andealer here, Ir s is G*thob, far surpead ev "ery t e -- R n Na. E L. b1 .r.E._'ebe -Comi.=odti.=...d...t.
kAeran -e..ut.back." .. asttwould- .a. soon vantage whe- Barnlspileed has,n ad vine and' leaves; all.entire en weptuthe- word.o. -ta.-. It .;Se light o mn obcr EL 1'- PCLU 1* .- eve.ll 1,
,-' ga-t'0"gwi'ii. "' ".g' '"'. o" .iv adds'tb tye~othera, ofu g-oawpeculiar bud. Do this w ameo'the-groiihd-i.i'ist"- an r. Percival -Bree, ,-of MonmoutEh, ;'eth'eiargeb. dSrtiicB^Goo-l,..r-. "f"
.'-*. ., Ir.T"".S"'.!N PL~.-' -,' .L-. -* the.s-of oil,w~f~bch^Banesille-hasiiO'tandinr'-t.hiree-'.days', hey.'will:-lut.-o6Ut 111, writ~edThud'ei'dateof' -hAprri['91ihn^-" veir, prodnottlve~oteethraWlol6ha.tream=y -_Ad.fClw'CU ,.TSSNEfldO].-,,- -
*'- ES ~~ J .AA ELO"--.' .. -- ,r',;Stp:]N Po*WBBts: --'Jobt.Baud ma'ke~gobd. ie ahnd "obd po- thinki your paper- the'best- agrt'uhlturid- r"l1;. Ades 5.D T33Z,"" .:....;wie end for lllutrce De.t-r^t^r'.jeiri1 r ,,--'" r,'; h -' lt -, ^*'if t'tiif.i~ -1: *'
of Berckmans, of Georgiav does not be- inL' Fla., Dec 1, 188I7i. tatwea, paper published ir the South." T he Portcand, beh. t iaoknonflrutlr Flit ..c a'.t
'y :;-
36- Of thos br n h s *-

.- -. ',' : 7 4 "- ,.- -


hd 49 m CR. For Burrowing Animals.
rgarm By] 1,600 pounds of tobacco, at 15 A correspondent of the Dallas Heral
__________ cents............................ $240 recommends for killing prairie dogs th
Profit on 2 acres................... 110 method we have suggestel for exte
TOBACCO IN FLORIDA. Cost of production, $8,121 per 100 minating ground ants. hesame m-ethcI
Pounds. might serve equally well tfor moles an
This is a fu1ud estimate, bf the cost of salamanders. The writer says:
A History of its Production, Soil, production, some farmers making it as Some three years ago, when making
Climate, etc. low as $7.50 per hundred pounds. The trip across the continental divide,
same laborer can make by moderate stopped for dinner at a roadside tavern
(Concluded from last number.) work three bales of cotton, 500 -pounds situated in a creek valley; close at han
CULTIVATION AND CURING. each (1,500 pounds), 75 bushels of corn, was a prairie dog town numbering ove
:and 50 bushels of sweet potatoes, which, 500 inhabitants. Not- long since I ha
Tobacco planted upon sandy soil or at the prevailing prices would bring in occasion to stop at the same house,-an
gray hummock has less weight and a the market $250; but-as it will require to saw that the same level prairie once o0
lighter color than upon rich, loamy soil produce these commodities the work of cupied by prairie dogs, had been ei
or manured lots, where it will grow the laborer for twelve months the grow- closed, plowed, and was then cover
heavier, coarser and darker. A great ing of tobacco would seem to be much with a luxuriant crop of grass. Seein
deal depends upon the time at which it more remunerative. no signs of the little beasts, upon asking
is planted. On the best tobacco soils the- same what had become of them I was told the
The cultivation and curing of the crop quantity of Cuba may be:grown with had been exterminated in the following
is done very much as in Eastern Ohio, the same expenditure of labor, that will way: Balls of cotton rags were sati
from eighteen to twenty-four leaves be- sell in the market for 25 cents a pound, rated with bi-sulphide of-carbon--an in
ing left on each plant when topped, the making the profit $270. This increased pure preparation will do, and is cheap-
latter number for the Cuban varieties, In profit on the growing of the Cuban pushed far down the holes and the hole
three or four weeks the lower leaves be- variety has caused planters to abandon firmly packed with earth. Bi-sulphid
gin to turn from a dark to a light yellow- the seed leaf to a great extent. The of carbon, being an extremely volatile
ish green. When in this condition three Cuban tobacco does not go through "the fluid, quickly evaporates and forms
or four of the under leaves are plucked sweat" so well as the seed leaf varieties. heavy gas which occupies every chamber
from the stalk and carried to the curing- The burning qualities, too, in the Cuban, and gallery of the animal's dwelling
house. which is used more largely for fillers This gas is as promptly fatal to the ani
The gatherings from this time on until than for wrappers, is quite important, mal life as the fumes of burning su
all the leaves are stripped from the This quality is said to, be more largely phur or carbonic acid gas.
stalk occur at intervals of three or four developed by the application of cotton-
days. Men, women and children all find seed to the soil. Tall Cotton in Leon County
active employment during the harvest- The diseases of the tobacco plant .in ouny.
ing season. A wagon is taken to the Florida are rare when planted on soils Mack Gardner, one of our most sue
field, and those who are to pluck the well drained. Hostile insects and worms cessful colored farmers, and who gener
leaves from the stalk wait until the dew multiply with amazing fecundity in that ally brings in the first bale of cotton
is off, and then with both hands warm climate. They resemble, those brought in a sample of his cotton stalk
strip off the ripe leaves, laying them found in other localities, last week and put it on exhibition a
straight, a dozen or more in a pile. Schrader's drug store. The main stall
Others follow and. take up the piles, ADV TO BEI ERS. reaches a height of fourteen feet te
either in their arms or in large square ADVICE TOBEGINNERS. inches and has branches on it large,
baskets, and carry them to the vagon enough to bear up a man's weight.
placing them regularly in the wagon-bed. HOW to Get 6ew Land Ready Where such fine cotton can be growth
The leaves are then immediately con- for Spring Planting. one would naturally expect a large aver
veyed to the barn or drying-shed. Here BY H. E. LAGERGREN. age yield per acre all over the county
they are tken out and placed on a plat- but it is not so in Leon county. The rea
form elevated two or three feet above the This time of the year many new comers son, however, is plain to the most casua
ground. They are. then taken out one have purchased virgin land and are in a observer; we have so few Mack Gard
by one and an incision is made near the hurry to raise a crop on it. The old na- ners among our colored farmers. While,
butt of the midrib long enough for a stick tive farmers tell them .they can't expect he exercises discretion, judgment am
three-fourths of an inch square to pass to grow anything before the "sourness" skill in his farming operations, nine
through readily. The instrument used is out, which with the pony-and-scooter tenths of his colored brethren use no
for making this incision is a hawk-bill system will take place after two years, judgment whatever, plant in the mos
knife, or a peice of tin made in the same more or less. The Northerner, who al- slipshod manner; never think once o:
form, attached to a handle. The sticks ways tries to shorten a straight line, is putting anything, not even the barnyard
are made four feet two inches long, and not satisfied with waiting so long. scrapigs orthe cotton seed back on the
thirty leaves are put upon each stick,. Well, first burn off the grass. Then land, always have plenty of time to hunt
care being taken in stringing the leaves strew new slacked lime on the land at fish and come to town, and merely
to put them "back to back and face to the rate of two barrels to the acre. Then, scratch over the land when they pretend
face." In other words, the leaves must whether the ground is cleared of timber to plow.
not be put upon the sticks so that they or not, throw on it, broadcast, muck or About seven-eighths of the farm land
will conform 'one to another, for if so animal manure, if you have any. The of this county are butchered annually by
placed when the dessicating process be- earlier it is put on the better, as the colored tenants, who manage to get
gins they will enfold each other, exclude plowings and harrowings that are to fol- fair living out of it, and pay their rent
the air, and become damaged or ruined low, and the tramping of men and ani- besides. .If the same negroes were
by pole sweat or "house-burn." mals, will more intimately mix it with placed anywhere else in the world anc
The sticks are next elevated upon the the soil than if it is applied just before allowc.d to run their farms as they do
tiers or racks in the barn and placed six planting time. Moreover, it will rot here, they would positively starve to
inches apart. Tobacco is sometimes quicker this way and not fire the plants, death. Only the generous soil ofMiddlh
made dark, under the impression that and it will, by its fermentation, assist in Florida can stand such continuous
too much light in curing is injurious, decomposing the green vegetable matter. scourging.-Tallahasseean.
though it is always necessary that the If all the stumps cannot be taken out,
tobacco have plenty of air in such cases dig some of them standing in clumps, Tobacco in Sumter County.
during the night. and have the rest so low that the single- m uty.
In very damp weather, in the warm tree can pass over them. Pry out all We were given by Messrs, Gray &
climate of Florida. tobacco will mold large roots and all palmettoes, and pile Gilliam, of Wildwoodi a short time ago,
very quickly. and sometimes it is neces- what is to be burnt against the stump, a few leaves of tobacco, which were
sary to build small fires. on the dirt for the heat causes them to crack open, grown and cured this year, near thai
floors of the barns to prevent this. For after which they rot much sooner. place, by Messrs. Reid & Wilhelm. It
these fires charcoal is preferred. Any After the ground is well cleared of has all the appearance of the best article
considerable amount of smoke however, chips. pine straw, etc., put in a large grown in the old tobacco States. and is
will greatly injure the flavor. A large steel turning plow furnished with a pronounced of the best. quality by all
store, with a flue discharging the smoke straight cutter. Carry along a file so judges of the weed. Mr. Reid is an old
outside, will dry the tobacco and pre- that cutter and share can be kept sharp Virginian, and has raised foity-three
vent injury by mold or by smoke. There all the time. Plow the land across the crops of tobacco in that State, and gives
should be more or less moisture in the slope. Let the furrow slices beno wider it as his opinion that nocountry can excel
barn until the main stem of the leaf is than to lap each other. Set. the gage Florida in its growth. Messrs. Reid &
of a nut brown color, wheel so that the furrows will be but two Wilhelm will devote considerable arten-
The barns in Florida are built usually inches deep. tion to the cultivation of tobacco anot her
of round rough pine poles. A bouse 30 After plowing, sow more lime. one year-in fact, they expect to make it a
feet square and 15 feet high is deemed barrel to the acre. Now an Acme har- staple crop, with every assurance of
sufficient, to house two acres, there being row is in order, a small one, loaded and success, and of obtaining lucrative prices
seven rows of stalls, made of poles. ele- drawn by two horses or oxen; the latter for the samrne. We trout every planter in
rated one above theother, to the roof of are the best. Raise the lever to the top Sumter county wili follow their exam-
the building. The total cost of a barn notch and start across the plowing. ple.-Sumterville Times.
of this size will nor exceed $310. In about When you have gone over tbe ground *
five days the leaves from two or more once. begin again and go over the same Drainag'e Experiments.
sticks are put upon one, and room is made track am before. but it is better not to
in this way for another gathering. start fiom the same end where the old Recent experiments at the Alabama
track was begun. The roots .should after- experiment station to show the relative
ASSORTINO AND PACKING. wards be picked up and burned, and then results of fertilizers on undrained and
The tobacco is first assorted when the the groundehould be left alone for a drained land planted to corn resulted as
green leaves are split, all the perfect couple of weeks, follows: The fertilizers applied were
long leaves being put in one class, the Now we are ready to plow again. This without appreciable effect in increasing
worm-eaten and ragged into another, time run with the slope and twoinches he crop on either d rainied or undrained
and the short leaves into i third. The deeper than before. Tihe furrow slices and, but even diminished the yield on
tobacco is gain assorted after curing, should be so broad thliat they will not lap ome plats e of theundrained pivt. Ther
the same classification being made, with over. While the earth is still loose run inareas e ras th e effect of drainag is vry
a due regard to color and texture of the over it with a heavy spike-tooth harrow. marked in every case, ranging from 6.8th
leaves. From eighteen to twenty-five It should be loaded enough to go in deep, bushes, the lowest, to bushels, the
leavesare put in a bundle,each bundle be- so as to tear up the soil to the depth it ushels per acre. The oStoprepaing .
ing wrapped near the bead with an infe- was plowed and to rake out all roots. .ultiai cdhar tre
rior leaf, which is tucked between the Harrow the land four times, and after drainedng and was $6.5.tin acThe of the
others. Should the tobacco be in a state of every time pick up and buru the roots. ud cos .0Th
proper humidity to keep well' it is imme- If now from 3110 ro 500 pounds of kainit undrained costn.5peracre. Theaner-
diately bulked down: but if thecondition or sulphate or muriate of potash be sown was 36.84 bushels.-Ex.
si too high, it is again put on the sticks, over the ground, and all be done by the
ten or fifteen to thestick, andagaineleva- middle of January, it can be left alone
ted on the tiers until favorable weather until planting time. PUMP
shall bring it to proper condition. Then it should again be treated with NIAGARA FORCE PUMP,
If after tying up the leaves in bundles the Acme, whose own weight is now ---- -
the planter has his boxes prepared, the enough to divide the remaining lumps. Fr,- i'. no.inat,:.dutl.:n Firc m y.i.. o intyll erm
tobacco is often packed directly in them The first time run it across the slope and Deniers Prices ror Single Pump. Statteder.,h
the heads being placed against the inside let it go in deep. Next time run it with ,,tintW for na Fruit Turee. ianmrved(on
ends of the box. with the tails lapping in the slope, and have the leveling bar so reId' Handor Horse Power. tend i,,
the center Loosely packed in i-he boxes. low that it will saove the dirtcahead and curer D
the tobacco is pressed down with a lever fL up all inequalities, which is of much FIELD FORCE PUMP CO., LOCKPORT, N. Y.
and an additional quality is packed in. importance, as it facilitates subsequent A NARS'RIUS
until the amount, in each box is 400 cultivation and allows the water to run rftten HIL NURSERIES.
pounds. These boxes are32 inches deep, away. After this operation, pick up
-2 feet wide and 34 feet long. The packing what roots have been exposed, and with ALL THE NEW VARTETIES OF PEACHES,
usually takes place between the first of- a hoe chop up what big pieces of turtf you PLUMS AND PEARS BUDDED ON GEN.
Octoberand thelast oftDecember. C(are- nd. UINE FLORIDA RSJSIED TREES. _
ful handling and curing makes a differ- The plow at best is a poor pulverized, I Gco r ak nd hen
ence of from 10 to20 per cent. in the but in new wire grass land it can do dse tsendtGeorgifrmystockand then
selling price Cuba tobacco ranges in nothing but turn over the sod. The Prices very lew. inend ior circulars.
price from 20 to 50 cents per pound, spike tooth harrow tears the turf to w. P. HORNE,
depending upon the care and skill exer- pieces, but after that it can only tuin uncC'enny, Fla.
cised in curing and sweating. those pieces over or around. The Acme
Cents on top of them and holds them still Ce Cord.
COST OF RA!SING TOBACCO. while it cuts them up. Hence its great Mick Ten Cents Per Cord.
The estimated cost and profit of raising value in new land. -
tobacco in Florida on best soils are as Where there are no big lumps-of turf you wish to get out tituk ,cheaply get a
follows: to ferment and heat and let rain water
DR slip away between them, there is no AlU-K MACHINE AND EXCAVATOR.
**sourness." The fine subdivision of the For particular address
Rent of twoiBcres of land........... $10 soil, with the corrosiveeffect of the lime H.w. w OOP,-
One hand for5;months... ...... 40 and potash salts and ashes, will enable McMeekin, Fla;
Board of sameat $10 pi3r month..... 50 the new ground to produce as good a FR.=-- f lenD *, .-
-Use of horses an-tensls..... ,.. 18 crop the first year as any other land of C U R E TE D I EA F
Use of barn an d-ks.... .......... 3 equal fertility.- : .... -"-l -HE E-Mr
Boxes for packig...........:.- --6 STARKE, Fla. '-' -lCK's PATENT tMPROVED. CT HIONED. EAR DR .MSa
Marketil ...' .- .- .- .. '-r. :-. wanmao.T mO aon,.. ,a .rem ti, r .- di work of nii
To-- l. ....i .:... .. .. .......... tral d m. Ill ,cin-obler al-ay. i. poiHon. Alt
To T ai th te-.- .. T al. .-......--.....:.....- :.- ...130 quite active at and around Chipley. "B*:'Sro'yN :Yo'inii>'- d-hi.p.p.- .

ld 1000 Loquats 18 to 86 inches in height, stocky,
e, three years from seed, once transp anted,.weli
r- r.i.,.i. S.:*- I le..te fi .. eon e' nio, iit grow
'L.1- E. It. H. 1 t, rf Fe. ial P.rm r. Al.'.,lot oe
c : ,1i: pt, ...,,I : an.I i,.'ma4- ,iij.,- Viu.-, wuroand
rd r -re,: yt- iI iI.:.i l',':re, r'- .)ff n i en el rooted.
*Address, 0. R. THACHER,
Sa Fairview Nurseries, San Mateo, Fla

:r GLEN ST. MARY, Baker County, Fla.
~ Pencihe, Peire, pr:c.t"', Japan Kelsey Plum
n 'For t l,.u *a ,l; r,. .-
ed -. A. DANIELS,
g. McClenny, Baker Co., Fla.
.- 800,000 Orange, Li-eni 'o i 'l i I:'IP ri]:ii---I'I
the citrus family :i.lJ v.iieIr ii i ci. -,I I ., llJ.n6
climate. Stock in.tle chest of condition for large
orders. Correspondence solicited. No charge
s for packing and shipping. Catalogue free.
e Address,
e A. 3. BEACH & SON,.
a Palatika. Fia
er -,'ANTE D.
.* T '-----
i- A tenant who understands the rearing and
l n upminr ..l -f I r..-i 1 rI, It, r.;e lEi. nre
S a l.irp Ii ee'l adl.l T- 1 .r .,-> ,'l i' l t, har.-l, Bc3 ~[
aL i"er li'"'l,i:",rl" A "n'n i ri rii ', :,>:.r th.r.,. -:
l:.i large rienouglih a n- I n f,-t raiJ [ nr work :nro
h.: lr',:.l ft i.. l o l > O lanl> ,- i['2l-':d- [ lt [,:, ;t-- dr,-
'j. rlgno-l, at MLe ,-i.-, Fii.
References required. J. H. YISER.

k .,.For free catalogue address
e CHARILES KELLER. MIo.nt.eUi.., Fla.

, Kelsey and other valuable Plums.* 25,000
- LeConte, Keiffer an:)i ,.r:r Puin n dA'.l;.-i :.r.
l Le(')nt a ti:cK All the va iu hl- ar, i.'n brai
an d Siul,.-rn Fr'i,tst ,-'i p ,.,r Ire-- C'liTi, ,
" P ruti N it T r :.i .:. l al i i .J et'in.- -, ia I
- .ier:er Red- H.:,.. i- e l of F..ri,e- Piants
S Hilgh.. Quiliry.'Ljwetr Pri,. a V ".iJai.r a,-
l'': ,r h i a r ,:,r n o l ,: r r a t c ,3 '. : f d : ru,: t r i .
- Crherokee Farm. anl Nurseries.
o Wayei-...,i, Ga
f Genuine Wafilon anilDo0uti l 0 ner rNavels.
t Order Now if you wish to be in time.
d ,We.offer for Fall and Winter Delivery a ci.:,-e
Also, the VILLA FRANCA, best and hardiest of
Lemons. AlU. Early s- ,a niah, Jaffa. Maiorca,
y Malta Oval, netlar lii atnl a1.7 ets :l.1 ra : e,
a Lemon ran.' Lini We &l;.. ,.lSr for the
first time I.) Fl.:,r.-iit :riteg r,:,wP r6 tie
A. MostProhifl' Nu'-l kn.:n. n, tn.. ii-
Winter Park, Oranue C:-uirtyv. Fin

Grape Vines
' .e A ,. Suited to the SoUi and Clnmate of
It Florida,
e Grown and for Sale- at

S E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for Catalogue and order early. Send, also
a for Price List .

Florida Wines.

SMississippi Yalloy Poultry Yards,
Breeds Prize Winning
a Plymoth Rocks. Wyandottes, Brown
9 Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.

Won all ihe Leading Prizes at the
North Mississippi PoEltry Show at
Water Valley. Fel. 9 to 12. 1S87.
Fainrmel wibiiin to imrnpr:v thi.H-u- .t'jk ean
get SPECIAL BAIRGAIO of inm,:. I bleoseila
First-Class IncuiatOrj,
ouItT-y Journals and Bo.oko at ReRa' ced Prices.
Send fI'r Catio:gue anl Pri.,e LIt, free: c-r
wrote Ior waiI..
Pleas. men .:.i thc a paper.

0. I WE'S,


S ANu TrnS

Bonnetan Orane Tree Emnulsian,
the Best Insecticide Ertant. Coarse'Ground
Bone for Poultr-, Soft.Soa and Soap .Chips for
making soap suds for Plants and Vegetables-

F. Q .. . ,=l O

Warranted Seed. 'm
the1 publecare anuxio si, get ielrase directU ftrom tIe
grower. Raliingatarseproportionf cmy ae.rl c-jribles
M me to w arl'i ts 16 Im-BDF.iRS an parILy. a.Er,' "ll Vri:V .
EGO6i. tabie and Floiir 5,eJ Cataih,Iui- for !.5., FREE
A F for every onand daughter of Adam. It ir
l it rally Ilutrr ia :d wirt sngra origin mai. djireetii
from pt'tograpni o1 v0-g-tablt gri-.wT on n.uscEd
.irl~armi. B enldea-in Immrerl anletv oist Oamai rd,-,i..,V-111
g will ud I It some val able new ienegtat.le8 r nc ,t L ,ilrc in
-- = i s any" otner cataloguea &As ih orilzinal introdceJ r o .[hbr
vEliif-p B c. Bura k an-d Eirlytr.nio Poniloer. Hubbard
DSash, [)esnead Cabnag-, Cory Corn, and r,-acro u of otnir
al ble Y get 1ab, I lavi te trA pnronge_ c-i th. at-r' .
JANES J. H. GREGORY, Marbleheads, ILass.

We offer the largest and most complete stock of (tin, and Deiduone Fruit Trees n..-v in
South Florida. Our stock is First-Class'and prices t.. su te ti-, raje. ?e-1 ,u. D--.irptive
Catalogue and Price List. Commimnicate with
E. H. TISON. Manager Lakeland Nnrseries.
Lakeland, Polk Co.. Fla

Tells how to grow and prepare the Fig, and deE'r,,.t-e .:.ur new flig-
Oui -enuine -Fig oi Comnmerce," rhe insr t in- wri.t. Ale.-: Tr.:.pic'.il an New F
n'i he i iluce t t,-r'.,k ,.i NU r intt i iC ,i-,ntrry. A,,dre-_, wici ,ta p.
Cuther, D-ie C',irivn Pli.

Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
W e I if k a p-I- eii".. t l' the ,lits initre rvaile t -a >,t Citru N 'r- ervy Tree- cu.h tas D.:D rle
ui'l.e risii, B r.'e '.i.1 e 1,ilc l.per1'.,)nayv Se]e.te-J L,7 h maLnEmber :--i .ur r C ,raupdnrp n ue a'tii m'otn ,, and
W-',his-t:.n Nanves. Maittee Blood. Hart'"'. Du R:.i, Jaffa. t'rk'i5 SeB.ei.-, Tangerme,
etr.. In Ln_,-,c wc hei Vedila, Franea. BelaLr Premium, icily, Gen.ea and Erirtka A1l..).TahtUi, Pe-n. .lis,'i B-, -LiU', E. r'!v, ,t,..', Piun, s, W, nte Adriatc FPigo, eti.., c o.
Our St,-..'k i- IirprA and .'.,nplerc., thr-ifc and clean. Calaloane freer onappliealion.
Au.lres. A. L. DEsNCiAN, ulan.ageir, Dnein, Fla.


S. JO- KSOTVL-rTTLE-, F.IjA.., -


We aie now prepared to furuish
In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate : .

Catalogue sent free on application. .

Kelsey Jama Plims, Olive Trees, Oranges, Figs, Lemouns, Pecans,
By the dozen, buodred or thousand, also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Fliorid3 'and the GuLiStfat.-. Am now booking or.drs for Fall delivery season
of Is87-.S'. Wrtur for Prin es.. Catail.:.u free on application.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES L. Tr Prop, L. T r 0Glen S. Mary, Fia

LT ,BT size 40x100 T .AB' _'5 on Lake Kingsley. Clay Co., only SlO. A
iS, reel In LE'' 1 choice 5-acre tract for an OJRANGE
GROVE coms bna d100.
High rolling Plne Lanlds, Salubr ous Cl nate, a g.od uest-
iment. SenId 2-.:-nt stamp for Ma et, cc., or remit P. ). Order or
priet:,, from the

P. 0. Box 15S.Jacksonville, Florida, 39 W. Bay St.

New York, Charleston and Florida

The elegprLt teameri of thbee lines are appointed tvo ad
Steamers a reappoLnteelt au from Pier 29 E. R., New Yrke, rerv TUESDAY a d FRII)AT
at _p.m. Tuesday Ahbips for Ferniandinaand Fridav' Ehipp ftor Jacesonrtle.
The Freghbr and Passenger ac-ommodadous by this Line are mnsurpassed.. Every attention
wdU lhe iren business encrusted to the Line. Dir.eti all shipments from ew York via CLYDE'S
FLORIDA LrNE, Pier 21, East River. For further information apply to
J. A. STEAD. A g't, F.M. IRONMONGER, JR., G. F. & P. A.. J. A. LESLIE, Ag't,
Fernandine Fla. Jacksonv-ile, Fla. 88 W. Bay St.,Jackson-ri ue, FlI.
THEIO. G. EGtER, Traffic Manager, WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen. Ag'ts,
V3 Broadway, N. Y. 12 So. Wharves, Phila., Pa., 35 Broadway, New York


Absolutely Pure Animal Matter-Guaranteed Analysis.

Ammonia, 7 to 7 per cent. Bone Phosphate, 25 to 30 per cent. Equal to Phos-
phoric Acid. 12 to 14 per cent.

Ammonia, 3 to 4 per cent. Bone Phosphate, 50 to 55 per cent. Equal to Phos-
phoric Acid, 23 to 25 per cent.
See that our name and Shield Trade Mark is:on every Sack. Prices and
Samples furnished on application to -
IARMOUR & CO., Jacksonville, Fla.



3E M 9

Commission Merchant and Forwarder.

Wayeross R. B. Wharf,

Wayeross B. B. Depot,

I have in stock and-to arrive 2560000 0Bangor Orange Boxes 6000Q G(m and Poplar Orange
Boxes, 200,000 Orange Box Heads, 76,000 Orange Box Hoops,50,6 0eams Orange Wraps.

and other Growers'nApplJes, allot whichwi old at the w sl ble Rates.

-' have the very best famtiesrl trinon and aaeor oranges. Conagame it elie sited.
Send- -.'e .'.':-.-'-_a 5-lc -.l __ .._o. .z t..e-n.v-.;.,cls, p ar .
- '';:.'< '- '- 5 a ,a +. = =- v .* ,' ,.- .

-'" ". '
= .,. : -. = -' f "
_:.: +-" : a.- r +v -_-;, - _- T:'". : = '+ ;..:



The Florida Farmer anu Fruit Grower

A. H. OCVTISS, Editor.

SOffice Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orbhar 'and'Household, Economy:
and to tie promotion of the agricultural and
industral interests of Florida. Iti published
every Wednesday.
Terms of Subscription.
For one year ........... $ 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs of five to one address..................... 7.50
With daily TIMES-UNION one year...... 1100
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year...... .. 2.75
A-Snbscriptionis in all cases',cash In ad-
vance, and no paper continued aser the
expiration of the time paid tot The date on
theprinted libel with which the papers are
addressed is the date to which thesubscrip-
tion is paid and is equivalent to a receipt for
payment to that date; If the date Is not
changed immediately .after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on, all sub-
jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in
thispaper. Writersmay afx suchsignatures
to their articles as theymay choose, but must
furnish the editor with their full'iname, and
address, not for publication but as a guarantee
ofgood faith. Rejected communications can-
not be returned.
ADVERTISEMENTS indicted to a limited
extent. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTA.NCES should be made by Check
Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order o01
Jacksonville Flu


FIRST PAGE.-Make Your Own Hay; Bananas
in Orange County; Points about Cassava;'A
Most Utifa Piant; PliVi(.Xera m 'Cald'o)rma;
Sorghum; Taings 3 De,,it.) Ciucty; Soft
.Shell alant-; Silk Culture; Top.-i. fr C,:.n-
tributors. '. -
SSE-CONI, PAE. -Ciliore;a'' Fruit Market;
Coi.paring Notea; A Srrawhe.ry Cl.:,lny; Bot-
tihg I., Dme.ii.t Wine; Feed;ng Sweet Po.tato
Vines; Cloth Frames; Southern Oroin S< dE
TmRD PAGE-Tobacco in Florida; Advice l',
Beginners; For Burrowing Animals; Tall Cot-
-ton in -Leon County; Tot.,c.:o in .Sumter
County; Drainage ExperLmente.
Foosra Pac--A Talk with C,:'rre3sva]'nratd :
A Test Case; Two Among Many; Fnrne-tie
MonumentIal City; The Deparrtmeet 01 Ag-
ctrue; A Modiel Ex.eriintnt zta[t.:n: Or-
gazrnumn in lFlorida.
FiPTr PanF-Oar Coy" Corner; An-'w6r to
CorrespoadentO; The Famuily Friend: OLLd
Young FolkB'Crner; The Family E..hahnge.
Sixra Paon-Feedting riock; Di-h'rn C 'aire,;
S Horse Breeding: ,Shotinf Htorne; The Angp:ra
Goat; 'Turkeys; Geese; Peafowls;- Thierish
SEv r NTH FPAGS-Farm Miscellany (Illustratecd);
; Serial .Story, "All the Wurld i i War," by
Walter Besant; etc.
EioEL Pans-State News in Brief: Sub-Trop-
icgl Ex]:Onsition; A Turough Orange Train;
Tne Atlanric and Gulf Railway.

W. 4. S.,-of Tampa, wishes to plant
all kinds of field and garden seeds in an
experimental way, and asks if they can
be obtained from the Florida agricultural
college. The seeds can be obtained gra-
tuitoufly only from the Department of
Agriculture at Washington. You can
obtain them doubtless by addressing the
representative of your District in Con-
gress. Hon. R. H. M. Davidson. But the
Government seeds are apt to be of poor
quality and of varieties not adapted to
this State. Rather than run so great a
-risk of wasting time, labor and fertilizer,
you had better buy seeds of the reliable
dealers who advertise in our columns.
The Commissidnedrof Agriculture., in
his recent report to Congress, recom-
mends, that the distribution of seeds be
turned over to.the State experiment sta-
tions that jare'-about to be established.
That will be a great improvement on the

old system. No kind of seed should be
sent outuntil its merits have been estab-

lished by actual cultivation in the State.
and in the section of the State where it
is to be grown. Imported seeds of
adapted varieties should be tested as to
their germinative quality, after the man-
ner practiced by Mr. Wilson. the Gaines-
ville seedsman.
J. H. M., of Pittsburg, Pa., is advised
to transplant apricots and almonds like

peaches and plums-their nature being

essentially the same-and not to expect-a"
distribution of seeds frifn the FAMtER
AND FRUIT-GRowER -during-the present
winter. We were promised some Mexi-
can grass seeds from the Department of
Agriculture, bu'. have ceased to expect
them. Should we obtain any rare seeds
not obtainable from seedsmen, we shall
take pleasure in distributing them.
'H. H. Harvey, of Seffner, writes that
he has several hundred cassava cuttings
for sale at three'cents each, the length
being from fivetb six inches.
The same,writer sends an article in
praise of a certain agricultural imple-
ment which is kept for sale by a certain
dealer. We are convinced that the writer
is actuated- by.a desireto help his Cellow.
farmers, and if a journal like this were a
purely-philahthropic institution, nothing
would give us more pleasure than to
publish.his letter, But., all. .p.qriodicals
nowadays are suppoIrted largely by ad-
vertisers, and the latter have a right to

expect that the journals they patronize
will at least do nothing opposed to their
interests.- Should we hear that the party
proposes to advertise in our columns, we
will then publish the communication re-
laling to it.
As to our free advertisement of cassava
cuttings, the case isquite different. They
are kept for sale by no regular dealers,
and we serve them as well as others in
helping build up a promising industry.
Moreover, these offers of cassava seed
are made at our solicitation, and we are
in duty bound to publish them as they
come in. We shall be glad if source of
supply be found in every neighborhood.
A. A., of Center Hill, and others, wish
to learn where they can obtain the best
quality of Cuban tobacco seed. We are
making inquiries, and will advise our
readers on this subject in the next issue.
C. D. P., of Federal Point, wishes to
know the dimensions of the "barrel
cases" mentioned in market reports,
where they are obtainable, and at what.
price. Barrel crates contain about twice
as much as orange crates, and should
be obtained from the nearest sawmill for
18 ceuts or 20 cents each. We cannot
give exact information on this point, and
shall be glad- to hear from any one who
can. .
A. G., of WVinier Haven, writes: "Many
thanks for your information about the
mealy bug. I used the knife, fire and
coal oil, which kills them. Can they
fly?" The remedie& above mentioned
ought to beeffectualin killing the bugs,
if not the tree. A bug that could survive
such treatment must have an iron con-
stitution. + The mealy bug, like other
insects, passes through various stages of
development, until finally it acquires
wings, which serve it during the period
of mating and reproduction. Like
nearly all insects, this probably laysdown
its wiugs with its life. The ants, how-
ever, after a brief flight, break off their
own wings and settle down to a life of
plodding toil. The mealy bug, like the
scale insects, secretes from its body the
substance which serves to cover and
protect it. Insects :losely related to it
furnish the: substances known _in com-
-merce- as cochineal, lac and -maa n a.
The points raised by 0. 0. and J. B. S.,
we have referred to one of'our authori-
ties on poultry.
M. C. B., of Pomona, wishes some one
would contribute an artiile about rose
culture in Florida. Will not D)r. Appell.
of Lake City, or some other successful
rose culturist, enlighten our readers on
this subject, which perplexes so many?
The chief requisite for success is a corti-
pact soil. It may be a stiff loam. or clay
of trick-like hardness, ora drained muck
bed-wherever there is a tenacious soil,
roses will, with proper cultivation, flour-
ish as in no other Statl. But. if they are
planted in saud. however fertile, in
which a cane can he run down its
length, the result will be partial or total
failure. In such localities fair success

may be had by sinking barrels and filling The Department of Agriculture
them- with .suitable soil, which can be in e.:rrespondiiig Wvith the Departmeiit.
found in almost any neighborhood, of Aericulture at Washington, a letter
ALARYLLIS BUiLBS,-ErC. -should be addressed to the chief of a di-
vision and should relate only to subjects
M. L. Lum., of Miami, Dade county, coming under his province. WVe find in
writes: "'I have amaryllis lily bulbs, the Times-Democrat the following ac-
which I would like to dispose of to the count of the present organization ot the
r f t F Department. It will be found conven-
readers of the FA.MER AND FRUIT, ient for reference:
GROWER. Every family in Fioriila The hotticultural and propagating di-
ought toi take your paper. It is full of vision is under the control of William
irSaunders. The leading feature of this
information.forall. I would like you to division has been the propagation and
send sample copies of your valuable testing of new varieties of the grape, the
paper to the following addresss" The strawberry, and other small fruits.
papers have been sent as requested. We Thousands of plants that have proved to
mail copies toany and all addresses se-nthbe exceedingly valuable are here tried,
maan copies toany and all addrthose likely y to be beneficial are dis-.
us.' tribute throughout tihe country every
PLANTS DETERMINED, fall, winter and spring. Seeds and
S A lndo, s a s plants ate donated upon the recommend-
I. M. A., of Orlando, sends a specimen aion of the Senator or member of Con-
of a vine with bean-like leaves aud clus- gress of the distric-t in which the appli-
tered flowers, which are about two cant resides. Among the notable addi-'
inches long, greenish yellow, and of tions made to our list of fruits is the Jap-
thick texture. This is the Mcun anese persimmonhe B-aiia and other
varieties of the orange, etc.
the seeds of which-contained in large. Inquirielsupon any subject should be-
bristly pods-are the "sea beans" so addressed, giving namee' postoffice and
noted among "-Florida curiosities." State, to Norman JtCPlman, Commis-
noted amon "'Forid curosites."sinner of :A.gri&6iltfbire.,MrE?sbington, D.-
Theseand other Wgst Indian seeds drift sC By hio'At~hviLrrersfer'edto the
ove' to our shores, across the Gulf heads'of tflearioue-departments, and
Stream, tens of thousands yearly. Mu- an immefliAtedahge'ris'se'nt.
cdiat prtrie-ns lias pods covered wvit.h Questi, Onsreatibg to'ite-contagious
-. ., ., -.' i ,: ,'-,"
t tiogi ng 1rs leo-" h L-r o>' dJseasebfiimals, or nquuiriesifontppub-
stinging .5rihtlsan-h-s-whichar ol- ,a vdlh-tfing" tbere'o-to' Dr. :'D.-
letted and sold by druggists under the; EM l'S &i'yhief 'of the Bureau of Ani-
name oit' 'cow-itch." mal Industry.v ...-. .
R s h u n i-" .,...:-"For iformation- or documents about
P ". fis 'ight inthink-ing bisspec-, tetilizers, analysis of soils, or deposits
men.tobehe:e calabash i Cresee-niti ciicur-. of mineral fertilizers and their approxi-,
b &t/'na.Vit"gro s in the hammocks on mate vaiue,.the matter isxreferred to2 H.
Bisca.v.Bay and in theWest Indies.' 'Wv. chi-f of the chemical divii-
on. -
It small, low spreading tree with Information about various insects in-
large, tick, leay2nd..a gpurd-like.ruit' jurious to the,fild.-orcihard and garden.
"iLbodu:.'s'-'rg cdcoa'uY. -" '/i and'-ih beSt' know m6ihods of prev'ent-j
~. "... G-- O UND i". .. *ins.t.beir iayages, or- in referenceat.o silj
-0 O-LTr'V R9 _"6 -'DD e ttoProf--- G. N.-1Rtle;
C- d. , N: tU1ure, are s n -t '.L'' ' to the preparing, hntomrologist-of'tie depart-tient.; ,
of n ,w--gro ij-ansred.-tt .bhluaa .Shanold infoyMakion o& a% astiacat,
O f jiV p j a n s w t V., a I'
character bie desired, such as the. extent:
bhi e Vrticle-hyMtart-iggrgre"h-,*whi"ht' n.d ia lalu '6ffthe "agricultural '60oUrces
be found on the third page of this'issue, of any portion of the United States,- in-


Some time ago, among our forage
notes, we suggested that the Great Fox-
tail grass, though in appearance a valua-
ble forage grass, might not, he relished by
live stock, and we requested the corre-
spondent who brought it to notice to
summon a venire competent to pass
judgment on its merits. Our correspon-
dent, Mr. H. W. Roop, of McMeekin,
acted on this suggestion and wrote as
follows: "In regard to the Foxtail grass
I would say that I tried in vain to get
anything to eat it, but thought probably
it was too coarse. My horse eagerly took
a mouthful of blades, but spit them out
in disgust. Could not get my cow to
sample it at all." .
Probably this is a useless grass, but we
would not decide from this single test.
The grass may have become too old, or
it may have acquired a peculiar flavor
from the soil on which it gra' or from
some fertilizing substance. It will not
do to jump at conclusions, for as our
Marianna correspondent has show us,
even tho old reliable millet is refused by
some cattle. Let every new grass be
submitted to a jury of twelve, the mem-
bers to be half bovine and half equine.

From Orange county a subscriber
writes: "L am highly pleased with the
proposed change of form and am sure it
will add immensely to the already phe
nomenal popularity of the FARMER AND
shall write less for some other papers and
be more liberal with you if you so de-
sire.". Your communicate ions can hardly
be too long or too frequent. There are
some dubious subjects that need 'sound-
ing with that mental plummet of yours.
In criticism, "be just, and fear not"-
.the waste basket. -
And from father on, hard by the
Everglades, comes another voice: ;"I am
looking forward with pleasure to seeing
new dress, and am sure the change will
be heralded with delight by all its read-
ers." And a twelve month later-if all
the signs do not fail us-you may look
out for something Iinit'se'

From the Monumental City.
Editor Florida Farmer and -Yauit-Grower:
SEvery one of your papers have I re
ceived, and each one has been of special
interest to me. I subscribe to several
agricultural papers, and find that though
most of them make a good showing of
paper, the majority of the matter is
advertisements. This. no doubt, is the
paying part of the enterprise, but the
reading matter for which the subscriber very limited. In yourpaper it is
different. I get more real information
from your paper than any one I take.
I amn an amateur gardener, farmer.
florist and raiser of.-fancy Jersey cows,
besides being a commission merchant,
and correspondent for many papers. The
Times-rUnion is my favorite Florida
paper. .
As I am a subscriber to and advertiser
in your paper, I hope 3ou will quote our
orange market, viz: Fancy briglits, $3:25
to$3.50; choice brights, $3;: medium hind
mixed brights, $2.51. to $2.75; russets,
$2.25 to $2.50. W. B.
Nos. l..l5 S. CALVERT Sr. AND 10)4
CHEAP-SIDE, BALTiMORa, Dec. 2.lSt7';.

&I iSperaIwvenion

crease or decrease of special crops in va-
rious localities, the matter will be re-
ferred to Hon. J. R. Dodge, the statisti-
cian, a gentleman whp ia acknowledged
as authority in both hemispheres.
Inquiries regarding grasses, grain.
seeds or plants and their adaptability to
any given locality, or the identifying of
any plant will be referred to Dr. George
Vasey, chief of the botanical division.
Inquirieson forestry or tree planting,
the value of trees for commercial pur-
poses or other information relating
thereto, will be referred to Prof. B. E.
Fernow, chief of the forestry division.
Regarding adulteration of food, exam-
ination of textile fabrics, butter and its
substitute, etc., reference will' be made
to Dr. Thomas Taylor, chief of the mi-
croscopical division.
Information regarding fruit culture.
both of a general and specific character,
will be given, upon request of the Com-
missioner, by Hon. H. E. Van Deman,
a noted fruit grower and pomologist.
The first report of the pomological di-.
vision appears in the annual report of
186. "
The chief of the ornithological divis-
ion is Dr. C H. Merriam, who will give
any information in reference to the food,
habits, distribution and migration of
North American birds.
Prof. F..S.. Scribner will give special
information in reference to fungus dis-
eases of plants, such as mildew, rust and
blight, which annually cost farmers and
fruit growers many millions of dollars.
-No charge whatever is made by the
department forany service rendered, and
no postage is required. Stamps for-
warded to the department will be return-
ed to the sender.
At no time since the law creating the
department went into force has it been
so well equipped. Every gentleman rep-
resenting the various divisions are mas-
ters of their profession, from Commis-
sioner Colman down. and we believe that
agric-ulturiats in every section of the
United States have great cause to con.
gratulate tlhemselvPs that their interests
are in the handsof meon ofsuch ackbowl-
edged ability and learning.

A Model Experiment Station.
The annual report of the North .Cao-
li6a Experiment Station for 1k86 details
the immense work done.-in analyzing
commercial, partial and home-made fer-
tilizers, and gives practical directions
for making fertilizers and composts on
the farm. The analyses of marls from
vat ions parts of the State show them to
be quite rich in, phosphate and carbon-
ate of lime, anil thereforeof considerable
fertilizing calue. The new experiment
farm and weather bureau which have
been added to the Experimeut station
during the past yeai are described. The
experiment fatim consist of ten acres
and tlie use of twenty-five acres adjoin
ing. It .s well equipped. %ith a chem-
ical and plant house, laboratory, and barn
and cottage. Besides this the station
has a large and well equipped laboratory
in the agricultural department building,
The weather station is a branch of the
Government Signal Stervice, and is a
greatadditiou to the work of the station.
But little has been accomplished on the
farm besides putting it in condition for
future work. The station promises to
make a special study of the soil. The
feeding of plants and their growth and
com position has been studied extensively,
but heretofore the soil appears to have
deen considerably neglected. It is a
complex thing to deal with, and it will
be some yeats before results of valuc.
will be arrived at. The work here in as-
certaining the development of the root
growth of plants promises to be of prac-
tical value in thile near future, it is quite
a new feature. We commend moat
heartily the free use of photography in
experimental agriculture.-Ex.
A Through Orange Train.
A special fast orange train is now being
run between Jacksonville and New York,
carrying cars through to 'Washington,
Baltimore, Philadelphia and other points.
It constitutes an all-rail freight line
between Jacksonville and'Easteiu n cities,
and orange tariffs have been issued to
the above named cities.
The new line is to be known as the
Atlantic Coast Line Despatch, and is
composed of cars furnished by the Penn-
sylvania railroad, the Atlantic Coast
Linre and tihe roads of the Plant System
between here and Charleston, each fur-
nishing cars in proportion to their mile-
The cars being used on these trains are
of the most improved refrigerator style,
being supplied with passenger coach
springs and air brakes, and make almost
as fast- time as the.mail trains them-
selves. The trains leave here every
afternoon at 6 o'clock, except Saturday,
when they leave at 2 p. m., in order to
get through Georgia arid South Carolina
soas not to infringe on the Sunday laws
of the Stafbe.
This is the first through fruit car ser-
vice that has ever been put on between
Florida and the Northern and Eastern
cities. Heretofore all fruit shipped to
Washington and points North and East
was transferred at Portsmouth to steam-
ers, and shipped thence to destination.
*Under the new order of things the fruit
goes through without re-handling,'and
in about half the time it formerly took,
while the rates will be the same as for-
This is a good movement, on the part
of the railroad companies, and here is
no doubt but that it will work advan-
tageously to FIoriila.-Times-Union.

The Riverside Press offers its opinion
on a point discussed in a Florida journal,
namely.,rthe advisability of pasturing
sheep-in orange groves. "It says : From


We invite tite attention of our readers
to the advertisement on another page of
the. journal published by the Florida
Farmers' Alliance, and bearing the name
of that organization. It is edited by Mr.
Oswald Wilson. the recognized Alliance
organizer for Florida, and is the only
strictly official organ of the Alliance pub.
lished in the Southern States east of the
Mississippi River. Therefore the people
of Florida have reason to take pride in
it, and every one who believes in the
principles it advocates should help ex-
tend its circulation. And what farmer
does not believe that the farmers of this
State and of the Nation should join
hands, mass their forces and act as one
man in defending themselves against
the deadly plottings of "soulless corpo-
rations," which are absorbing the very
life blood of the classes on whom the
stability of the Nation depends? If there
is any farmer who does not believe in
organized opposition to their common
enemy, it is because he does not compre-
hend the situation. Every man who is
alive to the situation should take an Al-
liance paper, anil after reading it loan
it to such of his neighbors as regard the
new movement with distrust or indiffer-
declined to serve any organization as its
"organ." because, according to the prop-
er uise of that term, its adoption would
entail grave responsibilities, and demand
more time than we could take- from our
legitimate editorial duties. VWe might
announce our paper as the "Official Or-
gau" of some organization, for thile sake
of winning favor ir, a certain quarter.
but unless we devoted at least one page
each week to the special service of that
organization, our support would be
merely nominal and would be recognized
as a hollow sham. Having therefore a
just conception of the true sphere of a
newspaper organ, we are foremost in
recognizing and supporting a journal
like the Alliance, which does what it
professes to do and throws its whole
weight in favr of so beneficent a cause.
Central direction is necessary to effi-
cient organization and work. First there
must be organization. That is the in-
strument to the end in view. Let not
our people begin to ask, what has it
done, or what will it do, while the State
organization is only the germ of what it
is intended to be. Its efficiency depends
on the hearty coalition of the producing
classes as a whole. The name of the or-
ganization may give it prestige, but thd
results aimed at must come from the
active support of tens of thousands of
resolute men and women pledged to
and bound together by the principles of
the Farmeis' Alliance.
Marianna, the town which has become
the headquarters of the Alliance in this
and neighboring States, is the trading
centreof one of the best agricultural dis-
tricts in Florida. Its interests a-re closely
identified with thoseof the farming pop-
ulation, and it is therefore a place in
which a farmers' organization would
naturally strike root, rather than in a
commercial town like Jacksonville.
From this point the Allihnpce movement
has spread rapidly westward and east-
ward through Northern Florida, and its
influence is beginning to be felt in the
caniral counties. The movement must
go forward until every county and com-
munity is brought within its influence.
The President, Mr. Wilson, is a man
of zeal and energy, and beholds himself
in readiness to set the wheels in motion
every iw'here, to aid by correspondence
and by his personal presence. We ad-
vise every community to enter into com-
munication with him without delay.
The views he has expressed editorially
thus far coincide with ours. Occupying
as he does a position of great influence
it is gratifying to note that his senti-
ments are eminently liberal and philan-
thropic. thatthoy accord with
those that have been advanced in 6ur
columns during the past year we quote
the following from an editorial which
appears in the Alliance for December 2d:
It may be accepted as an axiom, true
as any in mathematics, that the success
of any movement, begun to aid any
cause, depends on the degree of support
received from those to be benefited.'Fol-
lowing out this line of thought, IheAl-
liance movement will be successful in
proportion as the farmers believ.e:i'and
work for its usefulness. It cannot be
successful if the farmers :are lukewarm;
it cannot- be. useful if- the farmers-are
skeptical as to it-s future., .- -
- It-may. be.asked,
*come-from,.and. in .what.h.ape?.-,.;Iiyiil
come in man3 ways;'in ab..e~eetWdpcl -
standing among the armet.sthLemLves,-
in abetterr control o. the -abor-n d.the


It will help to awaken new interest
and enthusiasm among those who culti-
vate the soil, and who stand as the back-
bone of the prosperity of the country.
We-will see in the place of the long faces
that our farmers now wear, and instead
of the spirit of dread and depression that
now pervades them, a renewed zeal in
their calling, a revived energy in their
It need not follow that in helping
themselves the farmers should injure
others: on the contrary, in the degree
that the farmers are piospetous, other
callings will thrive: in the same ratio
that the farmers are imbued with
hopefulness, base on present prosperity
and future projects. will a spirit of
cheerfulness pervade all other callings.


Inducements to Early Subscri-
bers to Volume II.
The many thousand readers of the
gratified to know that in two months
from now-with the commencement of
the second volume-the form of publica-
tion will be changed to that which has
been generally adopted by the. agricul-
tural press ot the country. It will be-
come a large quarto of sixteen or iore
pages, with a cover devoted to adver-
tis-ements, which can be removed in bind-
ig. A fine quality of paper will be
used, the edges will be cut, and the title-
page heading will be of new design. An
index %\ill be issued with the last num-
ber. rentlering the second volume a con-
venient and very valuable book of refer-
ence. The same style of trpe will be
used as now. and the columns will be of
the same width, but ]bur to the page in-
stead of six, and troiiprtionai-ly shorter.
Ttle public will be justified in the in-
ference thar the proprietors of the
ranted in making this improvement by
the unqualified Euccess of the journal,
and by assurances of its continued and
rapid growth in the tuture. A journal
that starts out as this did without prom-
ising favor to any locality, to any pri-
vate or corporate interest, or to any par-
ticular organization, and which, on the
contrary, pledged its independence in
all things, must stand on itsown merits.
Its vigorous growth under such circum-
stances, and the innumerable expres-
sions ot approval which have come from
all quarters, prove conclusively that this
journal has met a popular need, and that
a grtat future is assured to it simply by
following the line of policy thus far
made its appearance at a time which
may be termed the turning point in the
State's industrial history. It was to meet
thischange and give voice toa new pop-
ular sentiment that this journal was es-
tablished. A citizen of oneof.-.thesouth-
ern counties writes to the editor: "It is
time that new departures be made in
the olid systems ot alarming in Florida.
Intelligent new methods will pay." That
expresses the spirit of the times and the
sentiment which this journal has advo-
cated and sought to build up on thesub-
stantial basis of facts and experiences.
As evidence that the FABRMER AND.
FROTTrr-GROWER has the cordial support of
the most intelligent and progressive cit-
izens, it is sufficient to refer to its large
and able body-of contributors, compris-
ing a hundred or more of the best agri-
cultuial writers in Florida and many in
other States, among wbom'are such vet-
eran writers as Dr. Panel Lee, of Ten-
nes-ee: Dr. D. L. Pbares, of the Missis-
sippi Agricultural College; Hon. A. N.
Cole, of-New York; J. K. Hoyt, of New
Jersey, besides several representatives of
the Department of Agriculture.
A considerable accession to the present
number of- contributors is expected, and
various attractive features willbe added.
For the benefit of orange growers the
latest market reports wilt be published
during the season of sales. Arrange-
ments have been made with reliable
houses in New York, Philadelphia, Bos-
ton, Baltimore, Chicago and St. Louis,
to send such reports by telegraiph on the
eve of publication. Every farmer and
fruit grower, and every housekeeper as
well, may be sure that Volume II will
be worth to him many times the price of
subscription. This journal is devoted to
Florida's industrial advancement, and
it deserves the support of every pro-
gressive citizen.
With this change of form of the
FARMER AND FrrT-GRowER the.only
objection that has been urged will be
removed. There has been much.dissat-
isfaction w;th the "newspaper, form,"
and without doubt hundreds have failed
tu subscribe because in a journal'of this
class they wanted someth-ing in "book
form," that could be filed handily and
bound for futurereference. This change
is now assured', and further improve-
ments will be made in proportion to the
journal's growth. k
The pi-oprietors havb made arrange-
nients by'whidh they will "be enabled to
supply, ata smail cost, a'superior'binder
or temporary'cover, in which0the num-
bers i3%y be p'i6ced as received 'and be-
kept'as securely and in- hearrl3 sh'con-
venidnt shape as if in a b6u'd vylbnie.
:At the end of a1year,ithe co'dMpted vol-
ume with index may be bound in regular
fbrinmandlthdt*over used" n beforefTor
the succeeding volume '.'
Desiring to comiience tbe'riew volume
with a largely incteagedtsiibsoiption list,
the following offer is .a special.
inducement: .Each subcrptipn' the
FARMER AND FRtlT-GROW'R, .accompa-
nied by two dollars, thit is received be-
tween the 15th of Novemnatr and the 1st
of January, willhbe dafte-.dst-.o expike
*at the end of theyear,.l' .- The;-'same
privilegeris exte4ld',dgt.4 oei etting-uji
"dlubs.'. Thus is..l seq- tha; -.thoL -
.whb'u lcribe'fl'rs 'et th.e.lfostb. r"
&theii,'mioiey. mEahb -.ojaea__o.-pdu"fbsbfeW
flBefore Chi-istmas. will receiv'd$ft?),i[ltB
,.jlxknuhmbera free. Wetruit eaoWrpres^< ;.
e.nteubscr'iber will tellhlis iaeighjbor..'of -.
tii& nffersns ciptie bs.oieb.ertibnit&bbZ.
taiti ne* sabsoriptione. .'.



.I I



With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will be
answered through these columns
Personal Inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
naust be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should be addressed to
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
Montclair, Fla.

Our Cosy Corner.
But little time is left for the making
of gifts, so we will only describe one or
two more that'are quickly made, and
then take a peep at how to make the best
of the Christmas distribution, that won-
drous source of delight to the little folks
and to the big ones as well.
A Catch all that is neat and orna-
-mental is easily made, the materials
required being three-eighths of a yard
say of garnet, and one-eighth of a yard
of lemon colored silk, satin or. even
woolen stuff, one yard of garnet and
lemon colored upholstering cord, three-
fourths of a yard of garnet ribbon, and
an ordinary Japanese round fan. Cut off
about one-eighth of a yard of the garnet
material; turn in the edge and shirr it to
the top of the fan; join the piece of
lemon color'to the remaining piece of.
garnet, turning it back so as to form the
lining. Run four or five rows of shirring
about an inch and a half from the edge;
trim the bottom off at the corners so as
to make it round; turn the edge in, and
run a shirring around; now join the
material the fan, having the fullness
evenly distributed throughout; after sew-
ing the satin over and over around the
fan.. finish neatly with a cord around the
edge; tie a stylish bow to the handle of
the fan; turn back the edge of the pocket
so that the lemon color will show, and
then the catch-alLis* ready to be tacked
to the wall, making a very pretty and
Ek very needful article.
Photograph Frames in twisted wire
are very effective and easily made. If
brass wire, medium size, cannot be had,
ordinary wire will do, either painted,
silvered or gilded after the frame is com-
pleted. The wire and a pair of pincers
are all the working materials needed.
Form the outlines of the frame first,
whether oval or square, then work away
from that, making scrolls or lattice
work, as you fancy; the latter is very
effective, especially if small artificial
yes or.berries are twined in and out.
ing must be fastened at the top and
,!eg at the back, so that it can either
'and or hang.
These Christmas gifts that we have all
Ieeu so busy in collecting, for if thegiv-
g is managed rightly, there will be as
much pleasure in this act as in the gifts
themselves. .
Christmas trees? -Yes, we all know
about them, they are "as old an the
hills," and we want something novel if
it can be found, and that it. can be in a
measure, We have proved by searching
out several other methodsof distributing
the gifts, that are quite worthy of note,
and not so universally known as the tree.
This is the way some people did last
Christmas, and fine fun they had, old
Sand young: "
They made a huge Christmas pie.
which Santa Claus cut into portions,
giving a part of its contents to each
memberof the famidily. The pie aforesaid
was made in a large wash tub, which was
filled with sawdust. The gifts for the
different members of the family, care-
fully tied up in brown paper, were scat-
tered all through the sawdust. Then a
pie-crust, of colored paper cut in various
devices, was spread over the lop. When
all the family nere gathered together.
Santa Claus, clad in furs, with his enor-
mous white beard, red face, and flowing
hair, appeared, cut. the pie, and produced
the presents for eac h, which were stowed
away in the bosom of the pie. It is
necessary in such cases to have a piece
of linen carpet covering, or a sheet,
spread under the tub. as the sawdust will
make havoc on-a carpet. Or the excel-
sior in which clxina is packed will be a
good substitute for sawdust.
Another amusing mode of distributing
the holiday gifts is from a high ladder
reaching nearly to the ceiling. The
presents are tied with bright colored
ribbons upon the rounds of the ladder,
each labeled with the name of the re-
cipient. In tbiN case Santa Claus. after
entering, makes an amusing speech to
the company, and as he.ascends the lad-
der and unties the presents, one after the
other, he reads from each a motto which
is written on the package-a line of po-
etry or a pretty saying, appropriate to
the person to whom it is given-as he
presents it to its owner.
Yet a third method is that of holding
a county fair on Christmas day or Christ-
mas eve, and this is made all the merrier
if the different families of a neighbor-
hood or school unite, and bring their
gifts together for distribution. Four
imitation booths will be sufficient: a
bench two or three feet wide and four
long, is fixed on trestles: in eazh end of
this bench a slit is cut, and a cross of
wood about three feet. high is inserted in
the slit; these crossear.have a horizontal
bar connecting them-at tihe top, and over
this is thrown the canvass covering;
sheets answer the same purpose if you
have no canvass. Each bo6thi should be
lighted-with .Chinese lanterns, and the
rest of theiroom should be kept dark;
this gives quit an Eastern effect; Nuts,
apples, cakes and candies iav 'form the
stock in trade of one stall, some for presi
ent use, and those for the regular gifts

done up in parcels with the name written
on them, ready for delivery when the
right party appears. The other gifts
should be distributed among the other
booths, suitable ones being used for dec-
It is a good idea to supply the little
ones with round bits of pasteboard, gilded
or silvered to simulate money, and send
them among the booths to buy, not what
they may select, but what may be there
ready for delivery with their names on
it; let them have the form of hunting
from booth to booth and asking if there
is anything there they can buy. It
would be well to have a pile of napkins
and a basin or two of water at the re-
freshment booth, for they are sure to be
The attendants at the booths should,
of course, be in costume, as this adds
greatly to the novelty and fun of the
thing. They should have large white
aprons with bibs, a small cross-over, or
large old-fashioned shawl on the shoul-
ders, and a high mob cap or poke bonnet,
with light corkscrew curls showing in
front, the more corkscrew they are the
better. Now here is lots of fun for our
Home Circle.
In either way of distributing the gifts
we have mentioned it is not necessary to
give up the Christmas tree. It can stand
in the room, lighted with candles, and
covered with bright colored ornaments,
as usual, forming a centre-piece for the
room, while the ladder can be placed in
one corner, the Christmas pie in'the
shadow of the tree, or the latter placed
as a centre for the booths.
Make a syrup of one quart of water to
two pounds of sugar; boil till quite thick;
then drop in the fruit and let it simmer.
until the latter is clear but not broken;
then proceed to dry and pack as above. E
The syrup must be flavored with cloves,
ginger, or lemon or orange peel, dried
and finely shredded, so that some'of it
may cling to the fruit in drying.
Cut off the hard outside green rind (or
use a "pie melon,") as well as that part
that is too soft on the other side, leaving
strips of melon rind not quite an inch in
thickness. Either cut the pieces into
simple parallelograms, or into stars, oc-
tagons or such like shape. Put them
into cold water to remain for twelve
hours. The next day drain off the water
in which they have been soaked, and 8
then boil them for a few minutes in a
strong ginger tea, to which has been
added a small lump of alum. 'When
tender enough to allow of darting a
straw through with ease, remove them
from the fire. Prepare a syrup in the
proportion of one pound of sugar to one
quart of water. Flavor highly with
lemon juice and rind, and put in the
kettle as much fruit, as tile sVup will
cover. A convenient sized kettle holds I
about seven pouudls of fruit, but you can
continue to add until the syrup is ex-
hausted. Let the fruit gently simmer
just long enough to be transparent and
become impregnated with the flavor of
the syrup; then lift it out carefully with
a perforated preserving ladle, and spread
upon large fiat dishes.
Such is the appropriate title of a new
monthly journal devoted to domestic
economy, which has just been launched
upon the sea of literature, with the ener.
getic hand of Mrs. E. R. Tenuent, the
well known writer, and the author of
that valuable cook book, '"Housekeeping
in theSunny South." as its editor. It is
published at Athens, Ga.. at the very low
price of 50 cents per annum, and we find
the tirst number so full of interest aud
value to womankind that we most sin-
cerely wish it God-speed on its mission
of good works. Our sisters of the Home
Circle would 'find it helpful in many
ways. .. .

Answers to Correspondents.
H. G. B. writes us that lie has shipped
six of the five gallon cans of palmetto
honey as a result of hisadvertisement in
our Family Exchange," receiving in re-
turn the desired nursery stock and fine
B. A. M., Pinhook, Fla.. asks if the
saddles advertised in the Exchange Col-
umn are old or new.
That is a question that must be an-
swered by the advertiser, as our knowl-
edge of the articles enumerated in the
Family Exchange is limited to the ad-
vertisements as received. We have for-
warded the query to the advertiser.
We will say in this connection that
advertisements should be made as clear
as possible, condition and values stated.
This saves much time and correspond-
A. F., St. Nicholas. Contents of your
letter noted with pleasure. Request will
be kept in mind.
E. H. T., Jackbonville. Regret our
letter was just too late. '"Better luck
next time."
C. E. W., Melrose, Fla. Your letter
received and contents noted. Answer to
exchanger forwarded.
Mrs. E. A. K., Palatka, Fla. Request
for palmetto pattern forwarded to" Sis-
ter Julia."
P. W. C., Cedar Keys, Fla. Will en-
deavor to ascertain and forward ad-
dresses desired.
Mrs. R. H. McK., S. Lake Weir. Your
letter replied to by mail of the 27th of
November. The publishers of "Florida
Fruits and How to ,Raise Them," by
Helen Harcourt, are John P. Morton &
Co., Louisville, Ky. "Home Life in
Florida."' byv same, is now in press.
Mrs. C. A. S., Switzerland, Fla. An-
swers to exchbanger forwarded.
W. B. S., Tallalhassee. MS. for Our
Young Folks received, and will be used
shortly. Glad to hear from ou?'
Mrs. G. W. W, Picolata. Copy of
Times-Union containing the neuralgia
re.m.edy (chalk) Inpquired,for,,dulyn r Ied-
you. .; ..'U.. { .............. .
Mrs.'L ,i, ,Waldp, Fla.,aThe letters to
En~gl~aidthat~mfy be fraught t'with eb
much imiportinc&e is now rj
Many thanks for the address senht.
Aunt Judith Sunshine. The paper

kindly sent us are very acceptable. More
of them anon.
Mrs. E. W., Baltimore. Your commu-
nication crowded out this time; will ap-
pear very shortly.
A. C. H., Sebastian, Fla Your in-
quiry in regard to the washing machine
referred to in a recent issue, has been
forwarded to the agent by mail of De-
cember 8. '
J. C. G., Gainsboro, Fla. Your an-
swer to exchanger sent on December 3.

Our Young Folks' Corner.
When I first saw my little bullfinch he
lived in a very poor, shabby house, one
so small that I pitied him; he hardly had
room to bop about at all, for it was one
of those tiny wooden cages that are
brought from far away Germany, each
with its feathered tenant.
* Of course such a house as that could
not be tolerated outside of a bird store.
So my new pet was soon master of a
nice, roomy one that must have seemed
like a palace to him, after his cramped
quarters, and the way he hopped over
the floor and up-stairs and down-stairs,
and peeped into the pretty glass seed cup
and the water cup opposite, was quite
enough to tell how much he enjoyed the
He was very dignified to the rest of
the family, and surveyed them with
such a "stand off!' air, with his sturdy
little form puffed out like a ball, and his
head to one side, that with one accord
we named him "Don," alter the proud
Spanish Dons we read about of the olden
Dignified to the rest, yes, but what a
marked difference he made with me,
even from the very first.dayl
Any one who has owned a bullfinch
well knows the peculiar cry with which
it summons the one person set apart by
some mysterious process of its Own as a
special object of devotion.
No one can mistake the decided "come
he-ere, come he-ere," with which he
excitedly calls his favorite to come to
him, or at least to remain in sight, and
neither can any one mistake the mourn-
ful heart he carries while his dear one is
That is why-you should never own one
of these affectionate birds unless you
are sure it will never be neglected, for it
must be fed, talked to, petted, orit will
suffer just as sensitive people suffer when
slighted by those they love. ..
My home was in a city then, and my
room, my "very own" room, where I
slept and wrote, was up-stairs in the
third story. Of course I spent much of
my time there, and I soon found that
Don was very unhappy down in theglass
enclosed verandah where he had been-
placed, in company with the flowers (it
was winter time, and our flower pots had
a nice sunny home indoors) and.twooth-
er birds, canaries.
So I took hiin up to my room and
made him at home there, not that there
was any difficulty in doing that, though,
for he seemed to understand at once
where he was, and to consider that.
there, and nowhere else, was his proper
place.: -
It was wonderful how soon Don
learned to distinguish my step, even
when so far offas the lower hall or stairs.
How could I tell?
Well. how do you suppose? It was just
this way: There would be silence in my
room, or else a clear, beautifully
whistled tune coming from the dainty
throat of the little fellow who dwelt
there, but the moment my step sounded
oD the stairs or in the hall, the silence
would be broken, or the tune would end
abruptly for the "come he-ere, come he-
erel" No other's step ever called( forth
that cry, yet mine was not a heavy one,
and even when I tried to disguise it Don
knew it. ,
I wish you could have seen my faith-
ful little lover when I entered the room,
and went up to his cage, as Ialways did;
woe to me if I did not.
He hopped down to the door of his
cage, bowing up and down as though
wound up to run at least an hour, his
feathers puffed out until he looked like a
ball with a head and a tail, even his toes
being hidden, uttering all the while his
ciy of, which culminated when
I opened his door, and let him perch on
my finger, or sit on my shoulder; that
was the acme of happiness. There he
would bow, talk to me in his sweetest
tones. aud rub his black velvet cap over
my cheek or hand in the most loving
manner, purring(there is really no other
word that will describe it,' all the time
as if he was half out of his senses with
After a little while I opened the door
of his cage and left him free to come out
whenever I was in the room; in fact, he
was too mournful to want to come out
at any other time. I was .not uneasy
even when the door was open into the
hall and the window raised, for I knew
very well that Don would never wander
out of sight of his beloved.
His favorite promenade was my bu-
reau. over one end of which hung his
cage, and what do you think his favor-
ite occupation there was?
Oh nothing! Nothing at all, except
sitting on my pin cushion, and deliber-
erately pullingoutall the pins and drop-
ping them on the bureau, or if be felt.
particularly lively, on the floor. One
day I bent the point of a large pin, and
twisted it in so that even I could hardly
work it out again. Then I watched Don
crack this hard nut. It was very funny.
He went along very. smoothly u ith the
pins and scattered them around right
royally until he came to the big one, then
came.'"the tug of war."
How he tugged and pulled and twisted
it about.nwtryingit on one side, no w
on the other; he worked patiently
for ten minutes, and then uttered his
plaintilVe 'cpme be grgidcpme behqre."
-'4Icouldn't stand-thaltof-.course, so I
obeyed. ,and then how, he pulled that
pinandlhoo1ied'.t mel,.'nd; pulledd and

I took th'min, arid the pin-I had to
work nearly as hard as poor Don, but it

came loose at last, and then what a de-
lighted Don there wasl ,
(To be continued.)

Roast and shell one pint of groundnuts.
Take one pound of good brown sugar,
melt it in two quarts of water; let it boil
hard long enough to approach the candy
or taffy state, throw in the groundnuts,
stir it well and take it off the fire. Now,
with a spoon spread it in cakes, thinly on
whiffed paper to dry. When cold they are

The Family Exchange.
Open to'all subscribers of the FLORIDA FARM-
ER AND FRUIT-GROWER, for purposes of ex-
change, and also for sale of home productions or
natural objects, such as jellies, embroideries,
sea shells, plants, etc. Advertisements and
answers, to avoid delays, must be addressed to
ida. Each answer must be acao'npanied by an
unaddretsed stamped envelope, in which to for-
ward it to the :advertiser.
, Advertisers will report immediately all trades
consummated, that their advertisements may
be withdrawn.
NOTIcE,- Advertisements not receiving' an-
swers within two months from date f insertion
will be withdrawn subject to after-renewal, if,
desired. .
Wanted-To exchange cassava cane
for improved nursery stock, or will for
five cents per foot or $4.00 per hundred
feet. J. M. L.
Wanted-To exchange thoroughbred
Plymouth Rock poultry for goats.-
C. D. P.
Will exchange carefully named nur-
sery stock, orange and leion, for a
good second-hand single wagon or har-
ness. T. J.
Will exchange a Devon bull, three
years old, for a fine Ischea breech load-
ing double barrelled shot gun.
M. A. B.
Wanted to exchange, seeds of cassava
and Bermuda arrowroot ("cassava seed"
is the cane, "arrowroot seed" the roots),
for the following nursery stock: Peen-to,
Honey and Bidwell peaches, Japan plums
or persimmons, Delaware or Niagara
grapes, cuttings or plants of roses, and
other flowers and ornamental plants-
or best offer, or cash. LEE.
Wanted to exchange, eggs for hatch-
ing of Light Brahmas, Wyandottes, and
White Leghorns, all pure and of the best
strains; also a trio of W. C. B. Polish,
for a garden seed-drill, or an incubator
of 200 or 300 egg capacity, with or with-
out brooders. E. W. A.
Wanted to exchange, for part Florida,
land, and long, easy cash payments, a
first-class piano and first-class organ, en-
tirely new, delivered free of freight,
charges. Reason for parting with them,
family broken up by death. Also, will
exchange for land of like value, $86, one
dozen books and charts of the best dress
making system extant. A lady can
make any garment perfectly by its use.
A rare chance for an agency. E. L.
I will exchange plants, seeds and em-
broiderypatterns without sisters of the
Home Circle. Will also exchange for
fruit trees etc., ,other than orange, a
good magic lantern, German. make, lens
2, inches, of rack and pinion motion;
three'dozen slides 2-xl inches, land-
scape and comic; diameter of pictures
shown, from eight ,to ten feet. Valued
at $15. Manual of 188 pages included.
Packed in two strong boxes.
MRS. W. J. N.
For sale, crochet trimming, feather
edge; infants' sacks, bands and socks;
linen tidies; bureau sets, 5 pieces; flannel
skirts; splashers; felt tidies; lambrequins;
bibs; -doylies; table scarfs; cushions;
stand scarfs; table covers; panels, ric-
rac yoke; shawls: shams. Send for full
description and prices. Address A. B.1
Will exchange one cart saddleinm fair
condition, for a pair of either wagon or
stage hamnes. J. S. P.
Wanted, to exchange for Florida farm
or grove, a louse and lot in .he city of
Hot Springs, Arkansas. Lot contains
one and one-half acres; a well-built, four
roomed house, with a good well of
water; plenty of good shade trees, also
fruit trees, grape vines and stable. Hot
Springs has a population of 10.000 to
12,000, with two uew railroads about
being built, and surrounded by a fine
mining district. D. F. C.
Would like to exchange grade Jersey
cattle for half-breed Clydesdale or Per-,
cheron stallion under four years old.
How many common goats will some
one give for a nickel-finished Forehand
& Wadsworth seven-shot, 22-calibre 1e-
volver? Cost when new, $11; present
value, $5.., F. H. F.
Will exchange Seaside and Lovell's
(pocket-edition) novels, Allen Quarter-
main, King Solomon's Mines, Witch's
Head; also some by Ouida and other
authors, for others in same libraries.
Lists exchanged. Books in good condi-
tion. A. C. F.
I wish to exchange Nos. 24, 29, 33. 35,
GROWER, for Nos. 2, 3, 5, 6, and 27. Ad-
dress, 0. B. T.
I have several hundreds of well-grown
budded orange trees, from one to two
inches in diameter,.alsosour trees, which
I would exchange for peaches, vines,
etc.. or live stock of any sort. I will
also exchange good English saddles and
bridles for peach trees, vines, etc., or
live stock of any sort, J. K.
I wdll fuTnish rooms on the Ocean
beach at Sea Breeze, opposite Daytona,
in exchange for liibor in carpentry, in
orange grove, or in gardening. Would
like alsd to exchange shells of small
size from this part of the coast fov
shells of other and distant localities. Ad-
dress W. F. S.
I would like to exchange pure bred
Plnymouth Rocks for pure'-bred Light
Bra'rhas, or would exchange strawberry
plants of the Florida' seedling variety-
the earliest.and best berry for Florida-
for Wyandottes. Address C. H. W.r
Wanted, to exchange pure extracted
Palmetto honey, in five gallon cans.'or
demijohn;" .v~atl $4, for correctly
'named biidded nursery stock in variety,
o0 fine poultry. H. B.

Inc0orD0rate8 1887.



Florida Oranges.

218 aI, 220 Washlitoll treet iNew York i1y.
Remittances and Acconnt Sales sent immedi-
ately after goods are sold. Stencils and Market
Reports furnished on application.

(Lespedeza striata and PaspafumpZtp/caauZe.)
Ilnustrated and described in FLORIDA FARMER
Suppued at $1.0 p'er thousand,

T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida.

A Standaz-d Picket Fen,.M9i,-bhne. Two per-
sons canweavre from one to rWo hundred rodi L
a dayfrom 4 t.ui C teeti gh. at a ,8.6t of f rm i0
to 0s cents a rod. Al's. White Legborn Coek-
erelsofthe.Knapp strain.
E. W. AMSDEN. Ornond, Fla.

I have now n New York, auid wiU receive in at
,tew days, a fresA lot of Bermuda Onion Seed of
my own importation. This variety of Onion is
w,0U kunc-n o i n gardeners of Florida, baring
bee-n aecessfully grown and teitied through
many seasons.
Sanird, Fla.


itppLed.' in ar i.jt. iut up in bags or barrels.
D ture shipment. Gu'.rantee analysis. Price
and Paimptre tree Adidresa
Box 847. Nipanee,
.- .Ontario. Canada.


Rare tropical, ornamental and fruit plants for
open air culture in Florida, and for theNorthern
green bou-e. A.lio, a full line oferni-r-,pical
treat, plant. and rri6ees, aoi generrdl nar6ery
stock adapted to Florida and the Sualth
Exories fro,,n India. Autrraba and bthe Wect
Indies, nDy of therm never before introduced
inio rhe Urntjd ;tate.
The most complete d-sccrip re catalogue of
tropical and semi-tropcal plans published in
Amerca Catal.,-u marustle.d, po't-paid on re-
eeipt[ ,f 15 events Free r.: al crusomers.
anuatee, Fla.


A Sl. Reel and Silk Reeler at
Spring Garden,
Volun:iaCo., Fla.


Tuis ae rilkz r e ib i m .ii Orange F.d imn Lh market It conta n all the Lngredient.
nec-dead oy tue Orange Tree, in iheir lrp:er tprport riz Phosphori Acid. Potasb, -Calrium
rand Azote, in three formni ad iroui four aulterent i.urces.
P i : E ?, I
F. B hip or rai in Ch rlBest u ....... .... ...... .............. 0
F. 0. B. ship ,:or ratil at Jacki,n-dl'e ............... .... ... .... ........... 50
F. O B. ship or rail, banfrd or Enterprise..... ............... t 90
Apply to 0. DE G. BERTOLA, Proprietor. Enterprise. Volusia Co., Fla.

treated by 0. DE G. IERTOLA, wh has bad 85 yeara' e perience in the of tal-y,Spai,
Brrin'h dli, a-nd Fl:,rida. (_oniiLatl,:.ns. rTiten or verbal, ree.
.. TO 0C-E .,, ...O T A


Hardware, Cutlery, Tools, Guns, Ammunition, and fish-
ing Tackle. Sporting Outfits a Specialty. -

Stoves, Tinware & House Furnishing Goods





7,000 to 8,090 Citrus Trees, comprising Villa Franeba Lemons, Washington Navel
and Jaffa Oranges, Mostly Lemons. Mut be sold in a lump. 1Terms reasonable.
some one can make money by handling them. Address
G. L. TABER, Glen SL. Mary, Fla.




choice Fic.dan.s PGarorn Seeds


-. "', .. ,^ .... ...

Ida Itaat Proof tSQa ts '"
-- for Sale.




Commission Merchant

105 S. Calort St, and 104 Caha side,
Baltimore has a large outlet for oranges. It is
a safe, conservative market; prices fluctuate but
Reference, my ri yi si 'er n Florida,
especially F P. P ish.p in.l B.:.-rand Bros.,-
Citra; Alfred Baily, Dr. W; aDeWitt, San
Mateo; A. J. Beach, Palaka; Robert Bullock,
Esq., Ocala: J. P. B. Walker., Silver Springs.


Improved Peaches.

and No. 7. are round peaches, average sze,
ripening t'rom Ma v ilh tb Julyi t. Then Bid-
well'i IMPROYVED PEEN-TO, No. 1, i6 flat. but,
larger and thi, ker from stem to blossom than its
'In Quality Not Excelled by Any
Peach Ount,
with not a .particle, at any stage of ripening,
oif that littler so bjecrionatkle in the Peen-io.
Ritpen rz irtr Bi-n eil'i Earlv.
.hbc;e are all reI-lings ic me Peen-to, a de-
-:>: dinrit n-.dJubt ot that trait,"i':.un, byAtchi-
son In the Haz'irdarakht Rai, uin Aighaniatan:
a iornim u iih dff,-rent shaipe- from rhat of the
almond, being larerand latterr" "The whole
,L-rub reemlili,'sNhar one might -c:ntider a Wild
form of ithe peach of nearly evergreen foliage.'"
A6 I ai aware [hiereare many 6pqriotou trees
bLeing :offere'j. I wruld gie a word .if caution to
the planter. Mr. BldweUl haa originated these
.trees'; our. treea he has grown from buds cut
m"fro his bearing rree,; most of [hem by his
own hand "
Addr,Je all leterts, for infornimatlon or trees, to
me. as (:n aiec-,uartI of ill healin he has giren me
all buasiner connected with the eale of his trees.
Citv Ordite and Pa-'king Groundz, Main tree
P. O. Box 121. Orlando. Fla.
September: 5,1887.



Southern Produce a Specialty.
Consignments solicited saui retu-ins made
promptly, Stencils and :irke-t tiporci ftiurnish-
ed on application,
Reterences-Chatham National Bank,Thurber,
Whyland & Co., NewYork City; also Banks and
established Produce Merchants of New York,
Philadelphia, Baltimore and Bos n..
Special telegraphic quotat furnished by
G. S. Palmer, Wholesale Coionssion Merchant,_
166 Reade street.

. :

Glen St. Mary nurseres.



Esta lliea.1863.



Important Facts about 'Feed,
Drink and Manure.
On nearly every farm there is to be
found hay, straw, corn fodder and other
things that do not find ready sale. These
fodders are deficient in the albuminoids.
If we try to feed a young growing ani-
mal of 500 pounds weight on meadow
hay alone we should haVe to feed him
871 pounds a day to supply the needed
flesh-forming substance, while we should
be feeding an excess of six pounds of
carbo-hydrates, which would be worse
than wasted, taxing the digestive organs
to do an amount of work of no benefit.
Clover, Hungarian, bean vines and the
beans themselves are, as a rule, over
supplied with flesh-forming elements,
and oftentimes good results may be ob-
tained by a mixture of these two kinds
of fodder. ,I would advise every farmer
to grow all the Hungarian and closer
possible for home feeding. Shorts are
particularly adapted for milch cows,' as
they contain a large amount of phos-
-phate. They are better than mill feed or
middlings. Cows sometimes gnaw old
boards-and bones on account of a lack of
phosphate in their food. A ration of
shorts daily for a few weeks will entirely
stop this habit.
Manure is more or less valuable in
exact ratio to the kind of food and the
animal that produces it. Young grazing
cattle fed on cheap hay and no grain
make very poor manure. From milch
cows fed in a liberal manner and often on:
heavy grain rations, a good amount of
-rich manure is obtained. All of our
cheap fodders are of little value for ma-
nure. Thus a ton of oat straw is worth
about $3.50, while linseed and cotton
seed are valued at $20 to $25 aton. Hence
we see it is well to look at this feature of
the case before buying our supply of
Oare of stock has much to do with the
result. Study them closely, see what
they require, and use common sense in
supplying it. Feed only at regular
times, and two feeds a day is better than
three. :It is the nature of our neat stock
to eat large quantities of food very rap-
idly; and then lie down and re masticate,
it. I have followed this method for the
past five seasons,and to much benefit.
I would water directly after they ,are
done eating, as they will drink better at
this time, although those who, like my-
self, feed ensilage, will find that once a
day wUl be as often as they will drink.
If you compel your stock to drink water
down to freezing, you must remember,
that enough food-must be consumed to
warm this water to, blood heat, and as
a cow will often drink ten or twelve gal-
lons a day, which must all be raised from
a temperature of 32 degrees up to 98 de-
grees, we see. what a quantity of food
will be required. This also applies to
cold stables. If your cows slack up
: during a cold spell, it is due to the fact
that the food has been used to keep up
the temperature of the animal.
The grinding of ten bushels of corn in
the ear costs 75 cents, and it would shell
out five bushels, which I can have ground
for 30 cents. I pay 4-5 cents for grinding
SO pounds of cobs, or $11.25 per ton,
which is too much. It is claimed that
cob nical is as good as the clear meal.
Perhaps it is, but the cobSare not worth
more than $8 ton, and are less than one-
fourth the weight of meal. I think the
effect is mostly mechanical, and that as
good results may be obtained by a mix-
ture of shots or other bulky feed'. ::-
I have adopted this plan: Toa mixture
of eight bushels of corn and four of oats
ground together, I put 200 pounds of
shorts and 200 pounds o'f cotton seed
meal. which are thoroughly mixed. By
this method the meal is divided up and
is better to. feed, especially if you depend
on help who would as soon feed one cow
all shorts and another clear cotton seed
as to give the proper amount to each.-
Dishorning Calves.
John Brooks, of Princeton, Mass.,
writes to Hoard's Dairyman that he has a
herd of diasorned Jerseys. They all
drink together without fighting. He
thinks the absence of horns makes them
look better. Here is the way he does the
'As to the mode in which I take off
the horns, I practice as follows: At.about
-four weeks of age I take a sharp knife
and cut around the horn and then cut
under it and take it out. The horn does
-not adhere to the skull until they are
,older. The wound may bleed some, hut
not enough to do any hurt. I put noth-
ing on the wound, but am careful not to
dishorn them when the flies are about.
It is a simple operation, and any one
can do it."
Horse Breeding.
Breeding horses is attracting so much
Attention in various portions of -the
South, says the Times-Democrat, and as
there can be no reasonabledoubt why the
business cannot be made a lucrative one,
the following rules by Sam in the Wes-
tern Agriculturist may prove to be inter-
Seating and valuable:
S 1. That horse breeding is profitable, if
SeGrrectly' followed, and the colt well
cared .for'and'.th'at there is no time where
neglect is admissible.
S 2. Never cross bloods to make a better
breed of horses, and if native or cross
blood mares are used breed upon one
Blood only.
3. That for profitable horse breeding
as a specialty,the draft horse breeds will
prove most profitable. '
4. That ponies can be bred with a pay-
ing profit, and that they and all interme-
diate strains are also good, if bred pure,
andthat allfancy strainshad better be
bred as a specialty, and not as a general
farm stock.
5. That early training and good care
are of the first and greatest importance.
STli co't shoiild-have no'fear of'bis own-
er or keelper.* '

i C-

6. That the thoroughbred horse is a
good horse and one we cannot do with-
out. Because -he iS- a thoroughbred he
need not necessarily be a running c
trotting horse, but he can be a good road
horse, a good saddle horse' a good car-
riage and bucgy horse, and'a good bhr~e
for small breeders to breed from.
7. That such abominations of horse
flesh that no one blood can be distin-
guished, should never bei bred from, and
their kind allowed to disappear from the
face of the earth. -
Shoeing Horses.
A correspondent of the Southern Live.
Stock Journal asks, "Should horses be
shod?" to which the editor replies: -
Yes! Nol Circumstances have much
to do with it. Horses driven or ridden
on hard town and city pavements must
be shod. Their feet would soon wear to
the quick if not protected by shoes. The
character of the country has much to do
with the matter. If there are hard
roads and rocky, the horse must be shod.
Horses-cannot be driven continuously
on hard roads without the use of shoes.
On the average farm, horses need not
be shod and ought not to be. When a
horse can get' along tolerably well with-
out shoeing, don't shoe; the horse will
be better, your purse the heavier. .
Our advice is, do not shoe your horse
unless it becomes absolutely nei-esary to
do so. It's a good rule.


Notes on its Climatic Adapta-
tions and Habits.
The following is a portion of a letter
from Col. Richard Peters, embodyinghis
experience with the Angora goat in
Georgia up to the year 1882. It appears
in John L. Hayes' valuable work on the
Angora goat, from which we intend to
make further extracts at another time:
The first general question naturally
arising in relation to the culture of the
Angora goats in this country. is as to
their adaptation to the climate, soil, and
means of sustenance of the United
States. The comparative dryness gen-
erally of our climate removes the most
formidable obstacle to their culture
which has been found in Great Britain
and in the continent of Europe. Except
in those localities where excessive moia-s
ture prevails, there are no climatic ob-
stacles to the culture of Angoras in the
United States.
But there are other considerations
which determine the choice. of the best
localities for this husbandry. It must
be borne in mindthat goats cannot stand
confinement to. grass pastures in small
enclosures as well as sheep, and when
confined in stables in the same manner
as sheep they waste hay by pulling it
down, and when fed grain" it is almost
impossible to arrange that each animal
gets its proper allowance. They are
therefore less adapted to the New En-
gland States or the prairie lands east of
the Mississippi. but they are admirably
adapted to very many portions of the
United States, such as the Blue Ridge
region, south of Maryland, extending
through Georgia and Alabama to Missis-
sippi: also Texas, New Mexico, the
Northwestern States and California.
My more recent observations have led
me to believe that the area of profitable
-culture for Angoras may be extended
into much more southerly latitudes than
I had formerly supposed. Indeed, all
modern observations tend to show that
what were formerly supposed to be nat-
ural and insuperable climatic obstacles
to the culture of animals, as of sheep in
particular, may be overcome by ju-
dicious husbandry. Upon the points
which follow I will confine myself to ob-
servations from my individual experi-
Angoras, being not properly grazing
animals, like sheep, require for their
healthful sustenance bushes, brieis and
weeds. In summer, fall and spring my
flocks are allowed an extensive range
through fields of grass and woodland
fenced in. At these seasons they are
not sheltered during rain, but return
every evening to their *roo-ting" places.
near their winter sheds. The flock,
starting in the morning after sunrise,
following their leaders, havingbells upon
their necks, goes forth to its range, each
goat taking a bite of grass or of weeds as
the flock scatters through the woods,
proceeding gradually from their home
until they fill themselves. After this
they lie down and ruminate, and sleep
for several hours. They then commence
their homeward march, feeding as they
go along, and arriving at their evening
quarters at about sunset; lie down in the
open air, remaining quiet until after sun-
rise the following morning.
In winter my Angoras are ordinarily
fed each one-half pint of Indian corn or
its equivalent in oats. This winter, dur-
ing wet weather, I have fed them on
clover hay and about two quarts of cotton
seed. In good or dry weather they run
for an hour on winter growing grain,
oats, barley, or'ryesown in August. The
remainder of the day they run in the
woods, having access to oak leaves and
pine tops, upon which they feed ea-
There are doubtless many places in
Texas and other Western States where
they would keep seal fat all the year,
running at large without grain or hay.
There are many localities where Angoras
can be kept at a cost not exceeding twen-
ty cents per head per year, where sheep
would not thrive for want of sufficient
grass pasture.
Feeding Sweet Potato Vines.
it is dangerous to feed frosted sweet
potato vines. When in proper condition
they make excellent feed, increasing the
flow of milk largely. As to curing them
I have no knowledge, but I think there
are many crops preferable.from greater
ease botb in curing and handling.
I was reminded of, this matter by the
fact. that a neighbor's mule the other day
had a severe colic from eating frosted
vines, and I.have known of cattle being
killed by them. -- D. R. P.

Turkeys have been found to pay well
in this State, though not kept in large
numbers, Persons who grow plenty of
cow peas, sweet potatoes. cabbage,
greens, etc., keep Ihern wvit very little
expense. When well cared for they will
bring $2, in winter, but at $1 a head they
are profitable, as 500 can be raised on five
acres of land with less labor than any-
thing else that we know of.
The bronzed turkeys are in favor, and
in large flocks they make a very attrac-
tive appearance. They aregreatforagers
and like Bermuda grass and almost any-
thing green. For this reason they can be
raised at a comparatively small-expense.
They need considerable care when
young. They should not be let out of
the yard until the dew is off the grass.
Feed them only once a day when grow-
ing, that is, after they are large enough
to scratch for themselves, but the forage
must be good. This will bring them
home to supper, when they should be
given all they can eat. When the time
comes to fatten them, soiling is best.
Give them all the food they will eat.
It should consist of different kinds, with
meat scraps if they are confined.
The, best medicine for them, either
young or old, is a teaspoonful of red
pepper. We have seen them with droop-
ing wings, closed eyes and bowed head,
looking most forlorn, and one unac-
quainted with their habits would think
death was ,at the door. But put a spoon-
ful of red pepper down their throat, and
you will soon see them stretch out their
wings, raise up their heads and look
around for-a bug or a worm, and the
next day you cannot tell your sick bird
from the rest of the flock.
One should keep a careful eye on them,
and if disease of any kind attacks them,
nip it in the bud. The utmost cleanli-
ness must be manifested in order to keep
away vermin and maintain health in the
flock. Here is where many fail, but if
anything is worth doing at all itis worth
doing well. And this applies to fowls as
well as to most other things. There are
many failures in this business, and al-
ways will be, because people think that
things will take care of themselves and
pay them a profit for it, but we don't
know any such business. Every good
result or profitable venture is brought
about by labor, and the best workers,
.those who work faithfully and intelli-
gently, are the ones who make success,
and it is safe to follow them.
PrrTTMAN, Fla., Dec. 1, 1887.

Thievish Hawks.
Editor Florida Farmer and .Fruit-Grower:
If some kind friend will give me a cur6
for the poultry disease called "hawks,"
I will give in exchange infallible reme-
dies for mites, roup, sore head, cholera,
etc., for I am posted on everything, I
believe, in regard to poultry, except the
black, white-breasted, impudently tame
nuisances, Florida hawks. I expected,
when I commenced, to write a general
int'oi mation article on the care of poultry
in summer, when lo, just as I dipped my
pen in ink I heard one of those well-
known screeches from my Langsban hen,
which I have learned to interpret as "a
hawk I! a hawkl" and. sure enough, on
counting them over, what should be six-
teen is only fifteen, and this repeated day
after day is tantalizing. Poor biddy
gathered the remainder of her brood
under her wings, while I stood by with a
tear for my missing White Leghorn pet.
I have heard of but one remedy for
hawks, and that one seems rather im-
practicable. but I will give 4it; -Hang a
looking-glass on a high pole in the fowl
yard, suspended in such a,.way that it
will turn with the breeze. The reflec-
tion from the sun, it is claimed, will turn
hawks away. Please, everybody, put
your thinting-caps on and give me a
remedy against the thievish propensi-
ties of Mr. and Mrs. Hawk. I think
they need converting. -
JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Nov. 80, 18815.
o '. -,
The Southern Live Stock Journal says:
No doubt the most profitable kinds are
those that. grow largest, says an ex-
change. A goose is never noted for its
greater number of eggs, as they usually
lay but one litter, unless broken up.
The number ranges from eight to four-
foodteen. A goose will nearly always sit
anywhere you wish, if you will cover
her up for a few days, but after until she gets
wanted to her nest. She should be ac-
fcustomed to handling while sitting, so
to look over the eggs occasionally, for if
one should slip over an other egg it
would be nearly impossible for the un-
born goslin g to break -bwlth shell. The
food for goslings may ndome the same as
that for chickens, but after they have
learned to eat grass they care but little
for anything else, and Juneill grow fine their.
They should be allowed quite a field
with running water.

SofPeafowls are handsome and subsiatted
with the leas this care of any kind of fowls.

illshy of strangck overs. it more or less, addingy-
ers. th, andbest protection agays unsealthy.

Reand a suered male pterminator. Otisect, A. TheJ. y. .,

boxes, has this disadvantage, the hens of but-

ter min eleven months, heads the herd. Graded
Jersey Cattle and Native Troting aud. Work
S Proprietors.



Well tested and approved varieties of the ORANGE and LEMON and other Citrus Fruits.
POMEGRANATES, BANANAS, PECANS and GRAPE VINES, Florida grown. of weli known
varieties found to be suited to the soil and climate of Florida.
Sendfor a-catalogue to- O.. THICHE, ER, manager.
Z "an Malte, Fla.


For less money than any other house in the
United States. I will ship a Piano or Organ to
any honest man or woman, on trial, and if not
satisfactory, I will pay freight both ways. $25
cash and $10 a month on a Piano, and $10 cash The Leading Varieties of Orange, Lemon and Peach Trees.
and $5 a month on an Organ till paid for-not
much more than an ordinary rent. On these
meant Sendal foterms anyon FREE CATALOGUE contaownanin- Washington Navel Oranges a specialty. TheNew Ora,re. "EVERBEA.RING." O '-ngi
ing full information. Sheet Music, Strins every month in the year. Peen-to, Bidwell, Pallas and H.:,.- -Peaar A !are t.:eK ..i KtG .e7
Violins, Banjos, Guitars, Accordeons, and, and other varieties of Japan Plums, including the "B LO'r. PLUM OF SA1 SUMNA" a-i rMe
fact, every musical instrument that is made "EARLY SWEET PLUM." The new Japanese ('rwr,-, Unr_.n r,ni canton Hybril, Whbte
and at ver low prices. Send for complete Cat Adriatic and Foundling Figs, Pears, Persimmons, Gr:p-., c A large -t.:.ek of Shade. Avenue
aloues. hae 20,000 pieces of Choice Music and Ornamental Trees, Roses, Vines, etc.
at cents per copy. Send for Illustrated Catj l. ;u.-., c.,uil..ini. ig L e'L'iei the atb.:. e, i ,e uio rpl ,.i fL ltie ,:.iJ and a
a t cens per copy. great many new fruit and ornriamnit a!irrcE adJapted to Fl:,da
Jacksonville. Altamonte, Orange Contry. Florida.


^^^^ mtGPPg g a a : ga a -


0-0 Always ask for Dr. Pierce's Pellets, or Little
S0 Sugar-coated Granules r Pills.


BEING ENTIRELY VEGETABLE, Dr. Pierce's Pellets operate without disturbance to the system,
diet, or oceupalion. Put up in glass vials, hermelically sealed. Always fresh and reliable. As a
LAXATIVE, ALTERATIVE, or PURGATIVE, these little Pellets give the most perfect satisfaction.
"-Annr Wrn.LAMn Esq., ofr AndenKearn, Courty,
.in. ULhE E iEU~ L I Aflll NI r.nbha. writes: "'I was troubled with boils for
g-' l nruh II ul uunr lD I thrty yyears-. Four years aro I was so afflicted with
ft,1 S VIC K **la-Ui3 IliEl, I EC En I tHAtm that I could not wahl. I bought two bottles
o 00"ED. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Purganve Peluets. and took
Silious Headache, Dizziness, Con- one "Pellet' after each meal, nll all were gone. By
-., "W r stlpalion, ludigestlou, Bilious that Gme I had no bvils. and bave had none since. Ihare ajso
Attacks, and all derangomns or the be troubled wit iP'k headta-he. When I te it coming on.
J&N l ,t.emacn ahnd btwels, are Fromptly rcuer:d I take one or two 'PeUlets,' and am releved of the headache."
andi p, rman try teurd by the u60 of Eli-r.
P ercfe's Pieasant Paurgative Pellets. In ex- Mrs. C. W. BROWN, of Fapahnctoa. Ohio,
planation of tne remeudal power of these THE BEST ays: "You 'PleasaDt Purgahrtive Peets' are
Pell ts over so great a var ety of diBeaaeS, 1 without. question the best cathartic ever
it may truthfully be said that their ac-ton upon the system is lATHARTIn s d. They are also a most efficient remedy
universal. not a giand or tissue eseapinse their sanative influence. *CNHARTIl. for torpor ot the river. We have used them
Sold by druggists, for'25 cents a vial. Mainufactured at the Chem- for years m our family, and keep them in
i,:al Lab,:ratryof WORLD's DISPENSARY MbEDICALASSOCLATION, the house all the time."
Buffalo, N.1Y.

Dull, heavy headache, obstruction of the nasal passages, dis-
charges falling from the head into the throat, sometimes pro-
fuse, watery, ando acrid, at others, thick, tenacious, mucous,
purulent, bloody and putrid; the eyes are weak, watery, and
inflamed; there is ringing in the ears, deafness, hacking or
coughing to clear the throat, expectoration of offensive matter,
together with scabs from ulcers; the voice Js changed and haa
a nasal twang; the breath is offensive; smell and taste are m-
paired: there is a sensation of dizziness, with mental depression,
a hacking cough and general debilty,. However, onIy a few of
the above-named symptoms are likely to be present in any one
case. Thousands of oases annually, without manifesting half of
tne above symptoms, result In consumption, and end in the
grave. No disease is so common, more deceptive and dangerous,
less understood, or more unsuccessfully treated by physicians.
By its mild, soothing, and healing properties,
Oatarrh, "Cold in the Head," Doryza, and Oatarrhal Headache.

S rPXomI, BO Uti.ta'r. e

d bytheD)

Prof. W. H7 nsen, the famous mesmer-
SUNHTOLn AGONY0 lst, of Ith=c, N.. Y. writes: "Some ten
UNT years ago I suffered untold agony from
FROM GATARRu chronic nasal catarbh. My family
FrnuM UiATARH. |lan gave me up as itnurable, and sfd.T
Must die. My case'as suh a onoe,
that every-day, towards sunset, my voice would become soboarse
I could barely s above a whisper. In the morning my cough-
Ing and clearlg of my throat would almost strangle me. By the
use of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, in three month, I was a wel
man, and the oure has been permanent." -
a .THOMAS J. RUBsNo, ., 909 Pne S-tret,
COnSTANTLY st. LoUs. o.. writes-" was a great su-
i =. 1ferer from catarrh for three years. At
times I could hardly breathe, and was con-
AiWKINl AND stantly hawking and spitting, and for the
QrlHIN 1elast eight months could not breathe through
SITrl I the nostrils. I thought nothing could be
Done for me. Luckily. I was advised to try
Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy. and I am now a well man. I be-
lieve It to be the only sure remedy for, catarrh now. manufao-
tured, and one has only to give it aifair -trial to experience .
astounding results and a permanent cure."
REL oBmse.RunyanP. 0. Go lumbla0o,
THREE OTTLES. Pa., says: "My'daughter bad catarrb.whqe
S | he was five year od, very badly. I saw
i lIDC TPiAD I Dr. Sage's Cath -Remedy advertised, and
CURE U ATAR roo red.a bottle for ,er, nd soon saw
Re, .. ..Ihat It helped her a .t.ird-.bottle. effected
a permanent cure. She is now eighteen years old ad Bound
and hear."- -




Polr and fees-.
*I S l u --------------------- ^


A. B. Campbell,

Weber Pianos, Haines Pianos, Vose Pianos,
Morris Pianos, Cuongh & Warren Organs
Wilcox & White Organs, Peloubet Standard
I will sell and deliver at .your nearest station
High Grade




'200 Acres in Fruit Nursery..

Fruitland Nurseries,

P. J. BERCKMtANS, Proprietor.
The stock of

specially grown for Florida, consists of every-
thing adapted to that climate.
Send for Descriptive Catalogues.

- s

EST.WA.I TTRT--T-'TT) 1875..




So 0West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
I handle none but the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. My new catalogue will be sent free on ap-
plication. Also WholesaleDealer in

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc.

J. E, Tygert & Co's Star. Brand Fertilizers.
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.-Comprising Orange Tree and. Veg abie Fri-till er, Pure Ground
Bone, Muriate of Potash, Sulphate Potash, 1iNrrat- So. la, 1;nDi. Etc.
Prices on Application



Send for circular. Circular contains shorthistory of Peahi Culture in Florida, smid hints as
to culture. J. P. DePASS. Aren-r, Fla


Jarn( Sisulang.


Keep the Butter a Golden Color
Throughout the Winter by Judicious
Feeding of the Cows-A Device for
Killing Beef.
Beef killing in Switzerland, it would
appear from the United States consular
report on cattle and dairy farming, has
been reduced to a fine art. The accom-
panying cuts illustrate a device used at a
large slaughtering place builtbythe-city
government just below-Basi.-


It consists of a mask or plate, which
has a short steel gun fastened to it, as in
the sectional view at A. This is fastened
to the horns by straps- and the cartridge
in the end is fired by tapping the iron pin
in the end of the gun and driving it
against the cartridge. The bullet pierces
the center of .the brain and is buried in
the spinal marrow, causing instantaneous
and painless death.

The ox is led to the shambles, a tap is
given to ibhe atal pin and the animal
drops dead without a struggle or the
slightest show of apprehension or pain.
The bleeding is -aid to be perfect, and,
according to the .authority quoted, no ex-
Scue remains for killing cattle by tedious
and painful methods. .-

How to Secure Yellow Butter.
Guernsey BreedI-r affirm- th.,t the color
fades butIof the skn and ears of a cow
before it does out of the butter. Cows of
all .breed pale as to their r skin col:r when
tpetii up.n dry fodder, especially ai win-
'l.-iThere is really no cow fetd or Lutter
iiecual t. acL5_ or gra-s atnctitay., atud
'secui'Ltg tfie required golden color m
i aDd btter- in witr. th ad-
b hii t i o i a l d s t'hq u aa t o
brity qDted fr.,n, thing is "equal t.o
nick grown shade cared hay.
iShade-cured hay is that which- as soon
as it is well wilted israked int. _,windr,:ows,
Till r-lled int ingood sized cocks wtile hot.
rmni the ?.-un. after, perhaps, once or
S'twice turiiner in the windows. The
cocks Oreirm :watched to pr-vent beat-
ing in .dry. weather .--mniay be- shaken-
oaut; t.:,sse'di well- to the air, but not
spr2afd aode much, every- areen lock,
however..- being 'found: and. taken out
Ih:rhit In rainy neither or damp -weather
th-e c,:lis muit be made s-Aid audl pitel1,
and should Ie protected by c.-r. _u,.u
S hay. will he fit to hou-e nearly? ay qiwicly
as that which is dried out by the hot sun-
stine, s,: tiat nearly all the leave- and
heads.of the clover are either bri,k.n off
and left. in the field or ground todust in
handling and treading up.-ni the hay on
the Ichal and in the mo.w. Good shade
cutared hay is rery green and dry, but noit
brittle. It may be twisted hard:an(.,show
no moi-ture, whlfi it will' shows a leibil-
ity ani tonghneis entirely fuorei,, to dried
-out, -in cured hay.
Other arricles iof food have grTeat effect
Sonbutterand skmiculior. Liwn clippings
are excellent; ensilage ha"s ,:me effect;
carrots have a great effect, pumpkins are
famru for yellowing butter; long ted and
yellow globe mangle- are useful; yellow
-orunteal is to be highly commended, and
a system of extra good feeding always
prolongs the period of high colored but-
ter There are, however, certain articles
S.which effect a loss of color at once; ,green
corn fodder,, dry corn fodder, SteameJ,
' any steamed fodder, and pr,:bably a good
many other things

A Novel 'Feeding Hopper.
The novel teeding hopper for fowls,
shown in the following cut, can he readi-
ly constructed by any adult who po-sesses
the sl-ightest mechanical genius. Soutbvhern
Farmer describes it Eso plainly that there-
is no difficulty about understanding it.

A is an end view, 8 inches wide, 2 feet'
4 6 inches high and ,3 feet long; B. the roof
Projecting over the perch on which the
fowls stand while feeding;-C, the lid of
thegreceiviig manger raised, exhibiting
Sthe.-graim; E, E, cords .attached to tihe'
perch and Lid of .the mahger or feeding
trough; I, end bar of the perch with a
weight the end to balance the.
lid, otherwise it--would not close when the
_fowls leave the perch; H, pulley; G, ful-
cmrm..-The binges on the top show that
it is.z.ed raised .wbenLtb.e bgpiperis-to be
replenished. When a fowl desires food it

hops upon the bars of the perch, the
weight of which raises the lid of the feed
box, exposing the grain to view, and after
satisfying its hunger jumps off, and the
lid closes. Of course the dimensions may
be increased to any size desired.

'Why Horses Rub Their Manes and Tails.
The question, "Why .horses rub their
manes and tails," has been answered by a
New York veterinary surgeon as follows:
"Rubbing the mane and tail usually re-
sults from an unhealthy condition of the
skin, which in most cases is produced by
neglect of grooming or by bad food, or by
any sudden change of diet from that to
good. Occasionally, however, it appears in
stables where grooming and food are un-
questionably good. Damaged oats or hay
-are-very-ready-causes for this annoying af-
fection. In every case, therefore, where the
hair of the mane and tail fall out the foon
should be carefully examined. Young
horses on coming into the stables some-
times suffer from an irritation of the skin,
probably from change of diet. Horses re-
covering from fever. frequently lose a por
tion of the hair from the mane and tail
In the latter case it seems to arise from ar
impoverished state of blood."
In regard to treatment the surgeon al-
luded to says: "If any positive cause, sucl
as damaged food or neglected grooming,
has existed, measures must be taken to
remove such cause. Without this pre-
caution local treatment will be of little
avail. One method of local treatment
that has produced good results consists in
dressing the skin with equal parts of mer-
curial ointment and soft soap made into
a lather with hot water and applied by
means of a stiff hair brush. The new
hair will grow rapidly after this applica-
tion. In addition to the local treatment
it will be necessary to act upon the sys-
tem generally by a change of diet; green
food should be given, as this by means of
its laxative qualities lessens the irrita-
bility of the skin. A bran mash with five
grains of arsenic added daily', in addition
to the usual food, will exert a beneficial
influence upon the skin.

SCottonseed Meal.
The demand for cottonseed meal for
feeding purposes has grown wonderfully
within the past few years, many
places it has almost become a staple
article, like cornmeal. After the oil is
extracted and the cake has beet a round
into meal, it becomes a very :nutritious
food and is highly esteemed by dairymen
and others for causing an increased fldw
of milk. It has reat strength and should
not be fed alone; one quart mixed with
bran is about the right proportion to
begin with, which may be gradually in-
creased to about two quarts as the animal
becomes a,.-cuStomed to its use. it is
claimed to excel flax;eEd meal in milk
producing properties, and is now sold at
about the same price per ton. Of all the
vegetable' substances used, for food the
c(,tt.:nseel cake is -richest in nitrogen,
phosphoric acid and potash, and conse-
quently makes the most valuable manure.
It is said that three-fourths of the seed
raised here is exported in the form of
cake or meal to Europe, where it is even
more highly appreciated than in this
country. .
Record of Dairy Breeds.
-The butter tests at the various fiira
throughout the county this se-iou, :,n in-
deed in past years, refute the idea that in
any one of the dairy breeds lies all the
superior'lty in milk and butter production.
Takinig te t.-;ts for the present year to-
gether, the honors appear to be very fairly
di-tnihuted. For instance, at the New
York dairy show, as everybody ought to
know by thlk time, a pure bred Holstein
gained the prize; at the New England fatf
the prize was awarded to a grade cow
having Gilernitey,,.ersey and Hereford
blood; at the Prorinrial fair at Toronto a
full blo-d Ayrshire came out ahead; at
the Iowa -tate fair a Jerse3y gained the
German scientists who have tested the
relative profitableness of keeping large
and small cows conclude that for the
dairy small cows giv-ing largest quantities
of rich milk are the bett. They do not
believe largely in beet and milk from the
same animal.
Foot Rot in Sheep.
Foot rot ir, sheep is an exceedingly
troublesome disease, as it robs the animal
affected ot ii s flesh and decreases its value,
though not always, by any means, fatal.
The general impres-sion is that foot rot is
contagiocii The editor of The Missachu-
Eetts Ploughman says on the subject:
"Perhaps the ordinary toot rot is not con-
tagi'ous, but the 'epizootic foot rot,' or
murrainn,' is eminently so. The 'foot
rot' Ls found only on low or tnotst
grounds, and probably arises from the
hooft not wearing down, as it does on
stony ground, but growing to an unusual
length because of the warmth and taoist-
are of the soil. In Massachusets the
sheep are kept upon dry, rocky pastures,
which are best for the cheep;ao that cases
-of the 'foot rot' are very rare, if any ex-
Tihe ,wiltzcr Apple.
The Switzer apple, one of the "Govern-
ment Russians" imported by the United
States department of agriculture in 1869-
';0, has, accorrdinga to as hielh authority as
Vick, shown itself a thorough ironclad
and a fine grower both in the
nursery and orchard. It is a large and
-handsome red apple, and the tree is a
heavy bearer. With Vack, on a light soil,
it drops a good deal of-its fruit in the
course of the season, but carries a fair
crop to maturity. Grown in northern
Vermont aud Quebec, it keeps until the
huliidlays or later.

Ashes arid Hen Manure.
Ashes and hen manure, if mixed to-
gether before being appLeil to the soil, re
suit in a loss of ammonia from the drop-
ping that igrearly leseens the value of the
mixture. But if the ashes are spread on,
or harrowed at after tire manure has .been
mixed up with the soil, the ammonia wivll
be absorbed by it and remain in it for the
use of-.the crop. Wood ashes :are a valun-
able application to soils deficient in pot-.
,ash, asad. hasten the decomposition -'ic
coarse manures.

in her own house, and, aui'ing my ab- admiration. That, to my mind, meant.
mi g leading. sence, have her instructed in the practice that Will would have been satisfied, and I
S < of those external accomplishments which was glad.
alone are wanting to make her an orna- "It is the hearthstone," I said.
UAdear friend, is at all times better than memberedd that the general use of the
mL n TH L AT mn o th pt rank.' lower sort of people was to hide awayn
Lb1 "It, is, indeed," said John Huntspill, their money, and that the hearthstone

By WALTER BESANT. folding up the letter.I "With this, which was the general hiding place; so that if a
D_ V 3OJ1. w as forwarded to me from London, came- c&,ttage was robbed the first thing the
Sa letter from Lady Campion herself, 'a burglars ,di'l was to pry up the hearth-
Author of "Shepherds All and Maidens Fair, portion of which Iwill also read to you: stone.
"By Celia's Arbor," e Golden Butterfly, t has long beni my relutio,',n,' he We raised the stone, Mr. Huntspill and
et., eta, says,:'to attempt no further interififrence I, between us. Beneath was a perfect

CHAPTER VI with my son's plans of life;' His devotion mine, an Eliirado of gold and precious
to a musical instrument, especially when, things. -
LADY CAMPION. that instrument is the common fiddle, Remember that Dan .Gulliver was
Three weeks or a month passed so. Had seems tome inconsistent with the sobriety turned 60 years of age; that lie ha-l been
I lived much longer in this-loneliness-for of a London merchant; his readiness at all smugglitig ever Since hlie wais 1i. that he
I spdce to no one, not even to the faithful times to forsake the counting house for a had never, had oar unsucves-ful i n, and
old woman who took care I did not starve concert d&)a play seems tome unworthy of- that ever since his father's death the fa:irm
-I think I should have gone mad with the seriousness which should characterize a had supplied most of our frugal wants,
much brooding. But there came an end. churchman, while his roving habits hold always exc-ptin- the brandy, which never,
It was on a sunny forenoon in Novem- I out little 'hope of a steady future. I have et: .. ,
her. I was thinking how it must be out now learned that he has gone to sea, after I am afraid to say how much there was
at sea for Dan and the boys, and wonder- contracting an engagement of the most under the heart hitone. It Was, I know,
ing whether Will thought of me as much serious character with a young woman, more than ;1 th:.uisand pounds, all in
as I thought of him, and trying to bring apparently of humble origin.' golden guineas, tied up in bags containing
back to my mind his handsome face and f- "Mj fatierwa a saip's capienter," I a hundred each .
laughing eyes, when I saw a most unac- said, half in pride and half in explanation. Mr. Huntspill :pitred the contents of
customer sight. There came along the Before I knew Will I had always regarded each bag upon the table, and connted the
lane, riding slowly, because the road was that rank as exceptionally dignified. But coin cartifully 'For each he made a sepa-
rough, a gentleman dressed in animmense I was quite aware that Lady Campion rate memorandum. Mr. Huntt-pill tied
cloak with a fur collar, buckled at the Would hardly be likely to think so highly up the bags again, called one -of hs itsr-
neck. He was a middle aged man, per- of the position. rants, and confided them to his care.
haps turned fifty, and of grave aspect. "Quite so,'' said John Huntspill. "A Then we Etr rtled on our journey.
Behind him rode two servants, each of most respectful and useful vocation. Let I said farewell to the two6 old people
whom carried at the back of his saddle a me continue: 'In justice to her and to my- who were to be lett in sole charge of
small leather trunk. self, I should wish to make her acquaint- Rousdon farm. Mr.: Hunt-pdil wt.le his
yThe gentleman looked about him cu- ance. Will you, therefore, make it your London address, in case any tong should
ously. The. place; left now to the charge'business to see her? Communicate with bewar-til. And then hU lihtd meinto
of the two old people, was already begin- her friends, and tell them that I propose the- saddle, and we turned the horses'
ning to show signs of neglect. I sat in to receive her in -my poor house. And heads Londonward. -, "-- -:
the porch, half hidden by the great fuch- should she wish to remain and I to keep I should have been perfectly happy but
sia tree. He seemed to be-looking for her with me, I undertake to bestow upon :.or two tuincs-the never ceasitg anxiety
some one to speak to. The servants rode her whatever lessons and education she about W,U, and an always increasing fear.
up to him, and they all then consulted, may require to befit her for the station to of the terrible Lady Campion. :: :
"There is no other house but this in'the which heaven hath raised her. You may I learned awgood deal in those days of
place. It must be Gulliver's Farm." bring her back with your under your own other thingsi. besides curious.and interest-
I merged from the porch, and went to protection.' ing sights. Mr. Huntspill, who was al-
ask of whom the gentleman was in search. i'Such, Miss Pleasance," said John 'ways talking to me, taught them. Pot
He took off his hat politely. Huntspill, "is the proposal made to you instance,' ith- egeiitle-t and knade-t tas-
"You are Miss Pleasance Noel?" he by Lady Campion. It will be my first nei- p.-s.bie, he intructedl me in sundlry
asked. care to lay it before your friends." .points of nminor m,,rais-I mean carruige
"Yes, sir; J am Pleasance." "I have no friends," I replied. "Dan and conduit of uiysi-f. This, I knew,
It was so seldom that I heard my sur- and Job and Jephthah are all at sea." was done in order that I might not-preja-
name that I had almost forgotten its ex- alone, ab- dice Lady Campion against me at the out-
istence. Do y meanthat you are alone, a etby some act of awkwardness or bad
iYou are the young lady of whom I am solutely alone, in this houseP" setbysome t of awkwardness or bad
ifQuite alone,",I said. "Only in the breeding. .
in search. You are a-a friend, I believe, cottage there are Isaac Ageus. and his wife. "A lady," said Mr. Huntspill, who al-
of r. William Campion, son of .the late I liv alone and sleep alone. I thpugft I ways spoke with authority, "is known by
Sir Godfrey Campion." should go on living alone forsome years":, her acts and words first; but There is a
"He is my sweetheart," I replied. Butyouwillnot refuse Lady Cam- c tJUton between orty of thought
Then the gentleman smiled, dismounted pion's invitation? Consider, it is made at an. digdnity of carriage." -
and gave the reins to one of the servants. Mr. William's own request. Shewllb He had learned by this time all my de-
"I am John Huntspill," he. said. .."I tWis o. flcibneie,, anl I knew that he was going
have the honor to be a partner in that your mother"." I n-. ct report upon them to Lad h wampio. I
firm; I am traveling for the house in the No, I said. "I cannot refuse it. tn report upon them theo Lady tlampion.h h
southern counties'. I am also I may But I am afraid. Oh, Mr. Huntspill, I was ot afraid of the report wch he
boast,, in the confidenceof Mr. William. am a very ignorant country girlI,, The. iill make of me, hut I was horribly
boast,. in the confidence of Mr. William. am eygoa~rnV lh^ afraid -of madam, As he called her.
May I, therefore; beg the honor of a p goodness and virtue that my Will thinks afraid of madam, as he called her.
Ma i terfoebe tehonor of a pri- ^S naT tovwhson The day before we rode into London he
rate interview with you?" are in my heart exist only, in his own talked about reher. ode into Lodn he
wThis was very imposing. -Iled theway mind.- He is foolish aboutme. I am not "Lady ampion, he sai bid,
This wsv'eyipsn.Ildtewyfit fc*r him-solhandsome and so shiong uI'Lady-Campioin," -be said, "is blind,
into the house and begged him to be ft forhm-ohandomeand o tong ou douitless know; but iu a .shorr
seated; adt the same time I offered-him a "Nay," staid John Huntspill, bravely, t,me vou will forget her blindnees. She
glass' of brandy, assuri-ing him, in the "the chiefest profit of virtuous love, as I writes ter own letters, and her letters are
words of Dan Gulliver, that it was-right understand, it-being myself but. a rcad ,C her by means of a c-onfidential
goodbrandy, which' had never paid-dutyt' bachelor, and unworthy of the marriedcl erk She hearsreportal.out the affairs
In my Iirlish igauri'ance, I conceived that condition-is, that it leads the :heart irn- ot the house, and gives,. her cutsels,
the payment of duty inflicted some griev- perceptibly upward, inasmuch as wevv fain bich are in reality her instructions.
ous-damage Ct the character of bi'andy; 'Tould possess the qualihtes which hlie-or nd all as well as ii sbe had the use o
also, I thought 'that everybody in-piolite. she-who loves us dothin m his fondness lir eyes. Madfam," Mr. Huntspill went
s-ciety offered everybody else glasses of attribute to us. Therefore, be of good on, "was left sole guardi t. Mr. Will-
ran- pirit. courage, nnd resolve that -when .Air.o, altlin di i
raw p~rit. xlam at the death of ?SirGodfrey, her son
"Thank you," Mr. Huntspill replied William returns he will find his dreams ein th en 14 years of age, h a clause
rep eing then 14 years of age, wit b a 'case
with courtesy "The partfies ini the more than realized." appoiutng Mr. Wdfat c.iaef partner in
house of Campion & Co, never drink any This wise spe-c o far from enconrag- the house at the age of 25. He is now 3.
spirits, on principle, except their own ing me, rather daunted me for the mo- .He'demaads Lberty of until the
rum, and that is duty paid." ment. Afterward, when I came toremem- time comes for him to rule over us.
He meant the'lastfaot-as an admonl- her It, aud iuake out what it meant, [ Meantime madam bolds the reins with
tion.- I tookit as a confession that the think it did give me courage, firmness and prudence. What. she shall
rumi was of inferior quality. "When, then, can you be ready?," hope for in you is the power to attach her
"I have received," he went on, "two I blushed; for, in truth, I had nothing son.tohis domestic and civic duties, and
letters, part, of which I propose ,to com-. to travel in. My whole wardrobe only make the rover a worthy successor to
munirate to you.- In fact,'younglady, consLst.ed of brtlf dozen frocks, includ- the great Sir Godfrey, lord mayor of Lon-
they inimediately concern you. The first ing one winch Will had caused to be made don." ....-.. :.
is from Mr WdLlani." ,:. for me.- This was disquieting. How could I'
He opened a great leather pocketbook h'. Huntspill read my 'thoughts'. He answered my look, being at, all times
and produced two letters. "There are shops in Lyme," he said. a sympathetic man. .. :-I
-I received this," he said, "ten days "I widi at once ride into the town and pur- '-Madam wiU tell you how. You will
ago, being then in the village of Bright- chase for youthe simple necessaries requl- modify the strictnessof-her itijunctionsby
helmstone, and immediately resolved upon site for a young lady's journey to London. the gentleness of your own heart. Your.
travedng hither to acquaint you with the I leave behind, for yow' protection, one of affection for Ma'. William will supply the
wishes of Mr. William. my servants. For the present, Miss res t." .
"He informs me, first, of the lament- Pleasance, I wish you farewell." Next day we rode ,over Hounslow
able chain of events which have led the He bowed, touched my dnger with his Heath, where so many misguided men
young gentleman into this melancholy po- ownt and was gone. Presently I heard had committed the acts which led to a
sition. Had we known of it, in time, such him riding slowly down the lane, and I violent death; through Uxbridge, past
is the influence of the house, and so sig- s.t .downto wait, wonderini.'liat new Shepherd's Bush-a coppice in whose
nal were the services iof the late Sir God- life t' would be which was opening be- rece-es there lingered at evening many
frey iof pious memoryy, that we might, for'e me. a cowardly footpad, on the watch for
and certainly should have procured the Outside, the servant whom he had left some defenseless old man or woman; by
immediate release of Mr. William, and behind for my protection had dismounted, the stately Holland park, standing amidst
probably the pardon of the others. But had tied up his horse, and was leaning on a lovely country set with trees; along the
his pride would not allow him to commu- a gate. It seemed inhospitable not to ask gard-,s of Kensington, on the north of
nicate the uews to its. Theletter is writ- him into the house, and I did so, inviting which extended mile after mile of nursery
ten on the road to Portsmouth, wheuce he hinm to sit dIown, greatly to his surprise. aud vegetable gardens; past. the dreadful
is to) be drafted-great heavens the son He refused to sit in my presence, but was tree of Tyburn, at the corner of Hyde:
of Sir Godfl'ey a sailor before the masti- pleased to accept such a meal as I was en- park; and thence, bya network of streets.
on bo:, id one of the ships in his riajesty's abled to.offer him, with two or three and lanes, in which it seemed impossible
fleet. He says then: glasses of the brandy which never paid to find our way, Into the city of London.
"'Before this unlucky accident it was duty. This part of the entertainment, in- I was silent with amazement at so much
my siiigultr go,-d fortune to engage the deed, affordi-:d tie honest fellow infinite noise, such crowds, and such splendid
affections of a young person in whose gratification buildings. I forgot LadyCampion,every-
soul, I believe, virtue and goodness alone It was about '2 o'clock ihhe afternoon thing, in wonder and delight. I rode be-
reign.' Mr. Huntspill read this passage when Mr. Huiitspill rectained, his servant side Mr. Huntlspil in a dream.
very inmpressively, repeating the -last carrying a box before him, and leatlng a He watched me, riding close at my side
words-"virtue and godcluess alone horse on wichi was a lady's saddle.
rein." He bowed and I blushed, not When in niv own room I was dre sed in and guiding my iirse. Presently we
with -atiitaction at hearing these gra- the new clothes, I hardly knew myself trned into a long windbut cinog lane with noream
eious words, but in humiliati:.n, thinking A long black habit for riding, gloves, a of people. Many of then knew Mr.
how little I deserved them, and how I had hat, and veil, all sorts of little things of Huntspil, and took off their hats to him.
wreaked a revenge in which virtue played which I hardly knew the use, neady He gravely ret-urned the salute Thelane
so poor a parr. packed in i leathlieru valise. I finished my avl et sue h e
Mr. Huntspill went on: "'The worth preparanns at leugtii and came down- led to small quiet square, in which were
of her heart is illustrated and made ap- stairs, dressed like a young lady. But I r pr h O o t 'he
parent to the world by the extraordinary could hardly have looked one, because I largest, occupied the whole side of the
beauty of her face and person' "-Oh, felt awkwardand constrained in my new s'quThi," sd Mr. Huntspll, "isaGreat
Will! WilWC-" 'She has promised to make aS.ire, M. Huut. pSl bowed politely. Simon Apostle, and this is Lady
me happy by becoming my wife. The "'The most beautiful girl," he said, re- Campion's town house." .
promLse remains to be fulfilled on my re- peating Will'-s dear words, "on all the I consIderable trepida-
turn, should a benignanrt Providence sout.heru coast." lion. Mr. HuntapLll- led me by the hand
grant, my return to my uanve shores. I That was aU very well. But how into the house and up the stairs. He
have told you, my geuerous friend, the would beauty give me courage to face stopped at a door on the first landing and
whole of my story. You will, I am sure, Lady Campiont' knocked.= Then he opened the door genfr
continue to behave to me with the same We were to start at once, but. a-sudden ly and led ie -into the presence of Lady
--.' That, ii not parr of the business," thought struck me. The hearthstonel campion. -
said Mn., interrupting at this Dan's last words were to remember the ''Those,"' said. a firm, clear voice, are'
point. "He goes on presently: 'I have hearthstone. I had seen to what, use the footsteps of John Huntspill; I welcome
written to my mother-who must on no Joshua put his, and I. had every reason toyou, my friend. Is all well"
account discover the degrading -ituataon believe-that Dun's was, in the same mant- ".All, well, madam," said John Hunt-
in which I hare beeu placed---stating, ner, his. own bank, the place where he
which is perfectly true, that I am going confided his single talent, so that it .could r ng _The Intrest tofeyou mS tare
to sea Ior a long voyage, in wnich'I may by no means grow or produce interest, or jounglady of whom you Wrot t me,,
visit many lands, and that I hope to pay become useful at all-, except for spending. .Pleasance Noel, and commend her to your
my dutirul.respecta to her on my return. I reflectedfor a moment. "' lady'shp"',s protection.'-' '-,.
I[have also informed her of my' proposed "Not, my dear young-lady," said"Mf.-.'- come he;e my dar, Closer.--1oa.
marriagee with Pleasapce 1N.-el, and begged HnbtspWl. His eyes had been- upon"me-. ,tom here,.my d
her, as 'a mark of her f'orgiveness-and ever sinedeI came down in my hew.udresa, .yt bad not dared to raise my "ey5s5iiNow'
continued love, to receive 'my betrothed' and I could --e.athat .h-e looked'at ine with'. Idid so. I saw asplendidlady, apparently



about 50 years of, age,- ma9ghificentl
dressed in black velvet. Round her neck
was hung.a heavy gold chain. Her collar
and wn-istband:n wer of costly lace. She
'wiia, sitting whvuNy we came in, and she
turned her head in the slow, cautious way
F-culiar to blind Wpople. Yet-there was
little look of blindness in her eyes, and she
seemed to see me as my eyes 'met those
large, proudorbs others. She rose, how-
ever, to give me greeting, and continued
gazing at me, as it seemed Ieading my
features in imaP-iration. Seating herself
again, I iuuconsciously knelt at her feet.
Thenshe pla-ced her hand on my shoul-
ders, and tgrian, in a way which mtuade me
tremble, gently to pass her fingers over
my face and heiad....
'You are pretty, child, and you are tall.
What is your age?" : -
"I am past 16."
"What color is your hair?"
"I' brown. My eyes are blue."
All this time her busy, int.itive fingers
were.passing lightly over my face,
iiYo.r name is Plea-ao,'e Your
fat.he-', John Huntspill t-lls me, was a
shp's a:jrp,-nter. Your guardian, one
Daniel Galilsiver, has gone to sea, and you
were k-ft alone. MIy son Wlliam has
fallen in love with youth. You are be-
tr:.tbed to each other without the formal-
ity of asking my consent. It was wrong
in my son. I trust, my dear, that what I
see of you will induce me to grant that
consent., We have t ime before us, during
which we may do the best :to. learn
each other's ways and character. Be
sure that in all'you do I shadl be always
watching you, blind as1I am; You may.
kiss me, Pleasance." -
-I kissed.-,ir fingers, but she drew meto
herself aul kissed my forehead. Pres-
antI-v 1-ri n"u .iX,eai-Lake Urira -.*-.i1J
went, away, and I was left. alone with
She began by asking me how I used to
spend.'.my days, what I used to read, of
what character were my religious oppor-
tunities, and other questions designed to
bring out exactly what I knew and how I
thought. Then she touid me that. John
Hunmipill had prepared a report of my
general igniaorance, for which care would
be immediately taken. She informed me,
furtan-her, that governess, uaided by
all kinds of masters, would begin their
labors with me the very-next morning.,
She endedin her stately way:--
William did not wait for my consent, .
nor did you know, perhaps, that it is un-
becoming of a maiden to engage her-
self without that consent. Neverthe-
less, should you be diligent and prove
yourself possessed of the aptitude and
the qualities which he behaves to be in
you,.that .'onsent w niiot ne wihihecld.
Unde-taudo me, Pleasance, William isc-f age,
and in tnoyvari' time or 6o will be called
upon to:a-uanie the chief cormmanid of.thiA
great firm. He can marry without my con- ,
sent, if he wuthei. For your own happuiness,
and in -bediisuce to the Fifth CommEautm-it,
you -wil study to obtain my approval. I do
not deny that I could have witShE--yes. that
I most sti'-ongly %%ashed-my sonu to torm an
alliance wtih one ot get.le o-irth. You muGst
r'y to r-'lUJOve ti.s dsaiippointmiit."
Tiean my. unew manner ot ale began. Ji
was, indeed, diff.eicut tfrom [Ieolid.
Ever morning I practiced tor two hours
on the pianoifrte, o0 harpsichord, as madam
calel ii Aftier bteakift came te masters.
There vwar M. EheoLemome, master of dan-ing
and deportmeiirut-he vasiny faro It, because
i toliok to daUcing wite ga-eat readuies'; a-
inging maire'; a refugee Freiih lady, of
courtl-y manners, to teacn me Frencu; one oi
the cler'ks, anr elderly imaj wiis a wile and
large faiumy, permitted to increase bis income
-by giving me lessons in writing; and a pro-
fessor ot el'-icution, %ho taught ite to read-
With prioprety.
With all this work before me, I had little
time to think about poor Vill. uOne day,
however, Ji-un Huntpui came u.- see me, and
requested thatL I would favor him by walking
iri the quair'ie with hbim for a few .inW utes.
He told me toat madam was growing anx-
ious about her son. His story, 10to put her off
the scent, was that he'was going to tEe West
Indies. And the West Indian ma LUs bad come
in, but uci letter, naturally enough, bad ar-
rived from WIVl Campion.
"Evei t i ng depends," he said, "on there
-being no n,,qairy. I have, for my own part,
ascertaneud oy a Poi mouth ,correspondent,
in whomI 1 -'a trust, that Mr. William is now
at sea. _L adaim would cue of same were she
to lea'n ihe truth. [ seenothing for it but to
feign a leuter' Lrom him. I have written it,
and propose to during it to-morrow as coming
from the utBce. It wdil doubtless be for you to
read t aljiud. \Ve are embareLa in a comase
of falseb:r.-i.a, i rom one deceit spa ings many.
Far, far Ltter had Mr. Wdliam at.once con-
tfessed bis .,ane and position, and oitamed,aa
he certainly would have done, his majeaty's
pardon tor L boyish escapade."
Yes, w neise indeed eumbatrked m a course
of falsehood. Not "one letter did we write,
but mai)--te'm-every yeaj-. John Hiatsphl
wrote them, getting his descripciuons of West
India sceuer. from all sorts of source0, avoid-
ing the islands of Jamaica, Barbadoes and
St. Kitt's, iu which the uouse haad corre-
spondents. Then he would bring ain his pre-
cious misivie, annoudcuig calmly that a mad
was in i rom the West Indies, bringing--a-let-
ter tor madam. Lady Campion always took
it, felt. it, remarked how the smell of the ves-
eel clung to the paper, and then putting it
into mtoy hands, commanded me to read it
No letter really came from WillU at all. He
was fghting the P-French somewhere. That
made me taemble at night, thinking of the
almost dailh news, shouted about, the streets,
of another c-iigagement and another vic'oryy
with the dreadful list of killed which followed
after. Yet John Huntspill .bade. me hope.
Among lists, so far,, he had not; seu the
name of Srillias Ca-upion,_or .those ot D.m
and hs boys. '
Commission Men as Judges of FWruiL
A few of the agricultinal socletles near
New York and orherlargecities have tried
the plan- this year of having'somre- trust-
worthy commaissibn man act as a judge of
the fruits exhibIted at their'fairs. This
appears to be.In some respects, at least, k
good idea, -for naffrrally these com.iss'ion
men, with' theirr commercial insictsc in-
cline' to awasd*-t'lzes :to' teiefi-nlts- that
sell beat, whereas bthr-j.udgesnclineMt -
be guiled. by.therP jtlme htnor scale of
pptn"tat'-xcee "prpauqq
wy-ll le .glad' 1t learn.wbks.,orto~selll-eskc



State News in Brief.
-Orlando has .731 registered voters.
-The new moss jnanufactory at
Gainesville will soon be up and ready
for operation.
-The Dunedin Horticultural Society
will hold its Annual Fair at Dunedin on
Wednesday, Dec. 21st.
-The News says there is not an empty
business house in Brooksville, and but
one or two unoccupied dwellings.
-A Tobacco Exhibit to compete for
Col. H. R. Duval's premiums will, be
held at Lake City on, Wednesday, Jan-
uary 17th.
-Brevard county citizens will publish
a handsome pamphlet, descriptive of the
Indian River section, for distribution at
the Sub-Tropical.
-A hotel of one hundred rooms is or-
dered to be built at Lake Alfred, within
forty-five miles of Tampa, Florida, to be
ready for business February 1st.
-The DeLand artesian well is now 417
feet deep, and cased with iron to the
bottom. The drill is now working in
the hardest strata of rock yet struck; six
feet has been drilled through it.
-The fish shipping industry at New
Smyrna is beginning to be quite a busi-
ness from that section. There is found
the finest fishing ground on any of the
coasts of Florida, and thousands of bar-
rels of the finny tribe are leaving there
for all parts of Florida and Georgia.
-The Ocala Banner says: "Mr.
James S. Fant, of Fantville, picked one
stalk of cotton which contained 802 bolls,
and the cotton weighed two and three-
quarter pounds. It was grown on newly
cleared pine land without fertilizers, and
the field gave a fine yield. The stalk
goes to the Sub-Tropical as part of the
Marion exhibit.
-A party of Northern and Western
people have recently purchased 8,000
acres of land near Chipley, and are now'
engaged in clearing itr preparatory to
cultivation. Some ef them propose toen-
gage largely in the planting of strawber-
ries, others in the planting of vegetables,
and others in growing fruit. One party
will set out 100 acres in the LeConte
pear and figs, while others will set out
five to fifty acres in the same.
-A package of starch made from cas-
sava root, has been sent us by Mrs. S. Ji
Moore, of Medulla, this county. It was
made in the primitive way, viz: in an
ordinary cooking vessel, but in quality.
and appearance, it equals the best Nprth-
ern gloss starch. We believe cassava
will eventually occupy a high place in
-Florida industries, and would advise our
readers to study up on it.-Lakeland
-At Anthony, Marion county, on the
1st inst., at a depth of eighty-two feet
from the surface, a strata of coal seven
feet thick was discovered in an artesian
well being bored for Dr. R. J. Kendrick.
A pulverized mixture of sand, coal and
other matter pumped up, when viewed
under a magnifying glass, shows genuine
stone coal. It is impossible to tell
whether the strata is solid coal or not,.
but, here will doubtless be a complete in-
vestigiation made soon.
-It is a fact coming to be understood
'that West Florida is a fine grazing and-
hay country. Four crops of bay can be
cut in one year from the same plot of
land. And it is well authenticated that
in one case a farmer has cut from four
acres in one year 63,550 pounds of hay,
which at $1 per hundred, the market
price, brought $476.67, or $114.14 per
acre. This case is exceptional, only
because an exceptional farmer has his
hand on the driving-wheel and is using
his wits to run his business.-Apalachi-
cola Times.
-The Kissimmee Leader says: Our
planters will do well to bear in mind
that the sugar mill company is advertis-
ing for contracts with planters to raise
cane for delivery to the mill next season.
Blank contracts and other information'
may be obtained at the Leader office.
The establishment of this mill, the finest
in the country, and the only one in
Florida, is believed by parties who have
any knowledge of our soil and the sugar
making business, to be but the first of a
series of mills which will eventually dot
the fertile Kissimmee valley from Kis-
simmee to Lake Okeechobee. If .there
is a town in the State whose future
prospects are brighter than ours they
are to be most earnestly congratulated.

Sub-Tropical. Exposition.
The following late items concerning
the Sub-Tropical are gathered from the
Hon. J. J. Willie, Exposition Commis-
ioner for Jefferson county, writes: '"I
have authorized Colonel W. 0C. Bird to
select space for our exhibits. My books
show to date 108 contributors, with 328
articles contributed, comprising nearly
all the different:products of the county.
Considerable territory yet to canvass.
We are securing all the tobacco samples
possible, although but few hare hereto-
: fore engaged -in the cultivation. We
: trust your earnest and untiring efforts
may be crowned with the greatest suc-
S cess.."
S- The Thomson-Houston electric light
plant is being rapidly installed at the
Exposition building under the direction
of Mr. F. S. Upson. of Boston. an experi-
Senced electrician. This "'plant" of New
England origin will east a flood of light
upon lhe nomenclature and classification
of an army of plants of Southern pro-
'- clivities whose names and habits areal-
most unknown at the North.
The following letter has been re-
PHILADELPHIA, November 28, 1887.
J. H. Paine, Esq.:
DEAR Sm-Yours received in regard
to an exhibit/by our.Association at your
Sub-Tropical Exjposition." In answer I
will say we shall-be glad to comply with

your request, and will forward the ex-
hibit to your care early in December. I
hope it may stimulate you to form a State
association. As our interest is for the
whole country, we are anxious for State
association to be formed in every State
in the Union, and I trust this exhibit will,
as you say, "create an interest in the sub-
ject that will greatly benefit Florida,"
which is so well adapted to silk culture.
Very respectfully,
Chairman of Committee on Exhibits.
JACKSONVILLE, December 1, 1887.
I shall be glad if our citizens will give
me the address of any of their personal
friends in citiesand towns of other States
to whom to send our lithographic posters
to be judiciously posted in hotels and
other places of public resort. This will
supplement the work being done by the
railroad companies. Quite a number of
names have already been given me of
gentlemen who offer to thoroughly post
their own cities free of charge to Exposi-
Among them I may name Hamilton
Disston, who offered to employ the men
at his own expense and thoroughly post
the cities of Philadelphia, Camden and
Atlantic City. Others have made similar
offers for other cities and towns. Among
them, Professor Kerrison for the city of
Toronto, Canada, and friends of A. E.
McClure forjXenia and Springfield, Ohio.
'Let -me have the names at once, and I
will send the posters. W. T. FORBES,
Secretary Sub-Tropical Exposition.

The Atlantic & Gulf Railway.
Last week's issue of the Reporter con-
tained a brief mention of the in-
ception of a new railroad, to begin op-
posite Jacksonville and run to Naples.
Through the kindness of a gentleman of
this city, who has the "inside track" in
this matter, we'are enabled to give the
following additional facts concerning
the Atlantic & Gulf Railway:
The road will 'be about 800 miles long,
and almost an air line, running from
Oaklahoma, opposite Jacksonville, south-
ward, crossing the St. Johns river at
Mount Royal, in Volusia county, thence
to Apopka City, thence along between
Ocoee and Lake Apopka and on down
to Naples, deviating only 12 miles from
a straight line southward from Apopka
It is understood that of all the railroad
enterprises in Florida, the Atlantic &
Gulf railroad has the most solid financial
backing. Boston and New York capi-
talists form the syndicate, and Vpnder-
alt's broker is the chief stockholder.
This fact alone is enough to inspire some
degree of confidence. Florida is in-
debted to E. W. Henckfor the inception
of the scheme, and it is to be hoped that
he will largely share the increase of pros-
perity which will inevitably accrue to the
State from the building of the road.
Everything about the Atlantic & Gulf
will be first-class. It will be standard
gauge, and the engines will be provided.
with five and a half foot driving wheels,
so that fifty and sixty miles per hour may
be. made with.ease. It is expected that
the time between Jacksonville and Key
West will be shortened at least twelve
This road, with its heavy backing and
its almost central course through the
State, will be one of our most important
lines of travel and traffic.-Orlando Re-
The New Passenger Rates.
The Railroad Commissioners have es-
tablished the following passenger rates
on Florida railroads:
Orange Belt Ry..................- 50
Florida Midland ................-. 5.
Jacksonville and' Atlantic.......... 3
Western Railway..%............. 5
Blue Springs, Orange City and At-
lantic.......... .. ....... .... 5
St. Johns Railway............... 5'
Tavares, Apopka and Gulf......... 4
St. Augustine and Palatka......... 5
Pensacola and Perdido.....'........ 4
Tavares, Orlando and Atlantic..... 4
Savannah Florida and Western
m ain line .................. ..... 8
Ft. White and Lake City branch 4
South Florida main line.. ....... 3
Pemberton Ferry branch....:. ...: 8
Bartow branch.................... 4
Sanford and Indian River Div... 5
Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West
main lineand St. Augustine branch 3
Indian River and Sanford and Lake
Eustis branch.,... ......*-* .....
DeLand branch......... .......... 5
Florida Southern main line......-. "3
St. Johns and Lake Eustis and
Charlotte Harbor Divisions...... 4
Rochelle. Citra and Micauopy Di-
vision ..... ........ ....... .
Pensacola and Atlantic............ 8'
Louisville and Nashville Pensacola
D division ......................... 3
Florida Railway andi Navigation
on all divisions, except the St.'
Marks, Monticello and Sumterville -
branches........................ .
St. Marks, Monticello: and Sumter-
ville branches.........'......... :
H e O '
How the Game Law Operates.
Editort orida Farmnter and Frtit-Grower:
At the last session of the Legislatures
law was made giving premiums for the
scalps of bears, wolves, wildcats, etc,
paying $3 for each wildcat's scalp. It
would have been better to have paid to
have more imported. The bare o rabbit
is the most destructive animal in Flor-
ida, and it is next to an impoisibility to
fence them out of a garden, and they eat
everything that is planted. "I have a
fine corn patch, but they have destroyed
it. In fact there is no vegetable that
they will not eat, and they multiply so
fast, nothing can diminish them except
I moved to Manatee county in 1861.
The county was then sparsely settled,
I had a good stock of hogs, and finding
plenty of wildcat, procured some good
dogs and hunted them, killing many. If
the cats ate any pigs I never knew it.
Alligators do. I bunted the cats until
it was a rare thing to see a track, and
the rabbits got so numerous that they

A. farmer who has a field on which a
crop of pea vines has been grown and
returned to the soil, possesses a guaran-
tee of a good crop next season i hat gives
more confidence than the "g ranteed
analysis" of the fertilizer manufacturer.
-Southern Cultivator.

In a recent article by Mr. Blanchard,
the statement that he brought two calves
from Iowa, should have read cows, which,
he obs erves, "would make my statement
consistent as to milking."
The following table', compiled from the records
of the Jacksonville Signal Station by Corporal
T. S. Townsend, represents the temperature, con-
dition of weather, rainfall and direction of wind
for the month of December, as observed at the
Jacksonville station during the past 15 years:



1872 78 27 80 14 18 4 4.81NE
1878 79 32 56 9 12 10 3.38 N
1874 79 85 59 6 17 8 0.05 N
1875 81 28 57 15 8 8 ,3.42 W.
1876 71 21 48 11 12 8 6.15 NE
1877 74 29 57 10 10 11 3.32 NE
1878 74 27 52 12 8 11 8.86 W
1879 79 36 62 10 11 10 0.46 NE
1880 78 19 54 14 7 10 1.26 W
1881 79 41 61 6 19 6 2.86 NE
1882 76 28 54 8 15 8 4.34 NW
1888 78 80 60 15 15 1 0.42 NE
1884 75 883 58 7 9 15 4.04 N
.1885 81 86 53 12 15 4 7.76 NW
188' 76 27 67 10 138 8 '3.20 SW

Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
looking finely.

Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of experience and
taste, enjoying the best facilities for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles or household goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular.
Address MisS S. S. Jones,`
* 179 GatesAve., Brooklyn, N. Y.

Who Will Win the Pony and
The Sunny South has offered a pony,
bridle and saddle to the boy or girl who
will send in the largest number pf ,sub- the 14th of January next.
Send for sample copies, circulars, etc.
Address the Sunny South, Atlanta, Ga.

"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year.
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by experience ,what we say regarding
this fertilizer. -
Ft. Mason. Fla.

Bermuda Onion -Seed.
Every garden should have a bed of
thesefineonions. Well dried and placed
in a dry loft they will keep for a year.
My stock of seed now on hand, imported
in September last, is of the finest quality.
Seed may be sown in January and make
good onions under favorable conditions.
Sanford, Fla.

Special Proposition.
To shippers of fruit and vegetables:
Send your address to me and I will send
to you by return mail a proposition as to
method of packing for shipment, which
if adopted will save you many dollars.
Villa City. Lake Count., Fla.

SWhat ye sow, that shall ye also
reap." If we sow good seed, we may
confidently expect good results;.hence, it
behooves every man and woman to care-
fully consider where the best seed may
be obtained. Seed that is warranted
pure, fresh, and raised on his own farms,
is what the veteran seed grower. James
J. H. Gregory, of Marblehead, Mass.,
offers the public, and his well known in-
tegrity makes his warranty a valuable
one. Send for his 1888 catalogub.
2,000 Valuable Presents Free.
The unny South will distribute 2,000
handsome presents among its patrons on
January 14th, 1888. Gold and silver
money, gold watches, sewing machines,
silk dresses, fine furniture, valuable
books, etc., aggregating over $3,000.00
in money. Send for sample copies free,
and for circulars giving full particulars
and acknowledgments from those who
received presents in the October dis-
tribution. Send also the names of your
friends for sample copies of the paper.
Address the Sunny South, Atlanta, Ga.

Opinions of the Press.
[From the Southern Cultivator.]
"The Success of the FLORIDA FAR-
ville, surpasses that of any similar
publication in America. The publishers
seem to be over-liberal in giving the
mechanical part every attraction possi-
ble, while- Editor Curtiss is doing the

best work of his life. It is a conibina-
ti.:,n that cannot fail of abundant success.
The Cultivator ls ever sorry to see such
enterprise rewarded, as we have no
rivals to be jealous of, but wish all suc-

MAL .A.RA .-ai wehs 860 pe. .2 2 "" ++'". ."

destroyed nearly everything that was
planted. I quit hunting anid killing the
wildcats, and it wass but h, Fihort time
before the rabbits dki .pit'e-diJ.
I believe that one wildcat %' ill kill 865
rabbits in a year, and should th cat eat
a pig occasionally, the great good he
does in destroying the rabbits will coun-
terbalance all the other .Jdamniige tly 'do.
The next Legislature sh.louMld pass a law
giving a premium on rabbit scalps and a
premium to introduce m ore wildcats.
OGDEN CITY, Manatee county, Fla.;,
-Nov. 13. 1887.

R- sets, ",00k&2 ;5; iyr&gi, w-
S3f ^ lr f" 'E" ROBERTS & BRO.. Agents.
M aWwrketI Agr l + f'i Special to the TTIES-UNTOWN:
,_ _-- : CI[NCINNATI, December 9.- Florida or-
JACKSON6VILLE MARKETO anges are In good demand. The receipts
A-I M E :., ..."are about all sold. Choie brights $ 00; rue-
Wholesale. sets and off picking ,8200,82 50. The receipts
JAcKSONVTL.LE, December 10,1887. are about 1,00 ) boxe-.
Provisions. JAMES A. BSIRD & CO., Agents.
M Ts-D. S. short ribs. boxed, 8co; D. Special to R Deember 9.-The deme Tand
tong clear sides, 6%c; D. S. beies, / BA;LTIMORE, December 9.-The demand
Smoked short ribs, 9Ic; smoked bellies for Florida oranges is fair, and supplies suf-
S. 0. hams, canvassed fancy, l24c; .S. C. shoul- eficnt for present wants. We quote, Brights
ders, canvassedgco Californlaor picnichams I
c. Lard-reneA tierces, 7,c., Mess beef- 83 (@50, russe ts -2.m250.
barrels, 6950; balf barrels, 55; mess porK, DiX &a WiLKiN, Agents.
31700. These quotations are for round lota Special to the TIMES-UNiON:
fromSpecial ro the TId-sUN ION:]
BuWrR--Market firm and advancing. Best ST. LOUIS, December 9.-Choice to fancy"
table,24@28c per pound; cooking, 15@690cper bright oranges, S3 W043891. Receipts increas-
pound. Ing but market steady.
Grain, Flour, Hay, Feed, Hides, Et. G. EEi & SIGNAIGO, Agents.
GRAiN-Corn-The market very firm and t IN A
higher. Corn very scarce in this market. The Special to the Tlmj-UlroN1:.
foowingfIure representto-y's values: We CHICAGO, December .-Fa cybright 3 2
quote white corn, Job lots 750o per bushel; car 350; good S 0; russets 61758225. The de-
load .ots, 710 per bushel; mixed corn, Job
lots 7T210 per bushel; car load lots. 70- per mand is good and stock moderate. Weather
busel. Oats huher, in sympathy with corn, fine. Agents.
at the followin figures: Mixed,'in Job lots, BARNErT BROs, Agents.
45; car load lots 4c. Wblteoats are 3c high- Commission erebants.
r all around. Bran firmer, 0'24@25 per toa. ComnImssiou Merchants.
WheatS1 50per wt. Special to the T.ES-ONON:] ,
H.AV- -'.Pmarket. firm. Western choice, Specal to the Trxm1s-t NaON:e
small 821-0 2200 per ton, car load lots, NEW YORK, December 10.-A very large
)205) per ton; Eastern hay, ) 50 per too. part of late arrivals has been in very bad or-
PEA'hL ORITS AND MEAL--Grits, arm, 64 10 der and had sold at 1-Si2 per box. The mar-
@4 21) per barrel.
FLOUR-Best patents, 85 245 50; cood fam- ket for good sound fruit Is firm at fancy 8850;
lY, 4 95,.5 00; com-nionu4 2.5. brights good sizes in brisk demand at. 82 50
PEAs--tMlxed815, wlps18.5, clays$l 80. 30); russets,2 2. .
CoFFKR-Gireen Rio. 21X(293c per pound; Java,THWM Ls Co.
roasted, 31-36c; Mocha, roasted, 3c; Rio, B e a 0theTtI-s-UNIoN:l .
roasted. 25428c; ground Rio coffee 15230 per Sel tot D e Sva
pound. NEW YORK. December 9.-Thei Savannah
Corrowr SEvAD MBEAL-Demand light. Sea steamer to-day brought about 6,0(00 boxes or
island or dark meal, 818 001&i 00 per ton; oranges. The frurt Is selling quite freely, but
bright or sort cotton meal 2-0 808822.
ToBAcco Srmas-lMarket quiet but firm at. S8 5) Is seldom obtained, the bulk of the fruit
1ila00,pdi too., seti ng for 02 50@3 0n; russets 0200QgP22)5; choice
LME0-Eastern 5M0 barrel lots 61 30, 100 bar- siig ior 62 0 00; russets 20 25; choice
rel lots 0, leas than 1001 50. Alabama Ume 'beans 8150 200; cukes 200@350; egg plants
t 15. Cement-American 8200; English 8326 100@8150. S. PALMER.
per barrel. S. PA .
Rii-Tbe quotations vary, according to---
Squatl tverpoo, per sac$, 610; per' LEAF TOBACCO MAR ETS. :
tid. 90 cents.
n--Dry flint, cow, per poundfirst.class, NEW YORK, Nov. 17.-The market or seed
10@12uts; and country dry salted o @lrcts;l leaf shows somewhat. increased activity.
but hers dry salted 8 cents. Sns er nt Sumatra sells readily at 1.20@U.5; Havana is
-0 oents: salted 18 cents. Furs-Otter, winter quiet with sales atmber ."0.
9ach50cr'Wt;- racoon 1015 centd; wld a RIC OND, November 28.-Themarketls
a0@15cents; r'ox 10(@15 cen Bee a pr steady and firm, and leaf is selling at an
,pound,18 cents; wool, fre fom rs average o fromS per hundred. A fine
ent; burry,.815 cents; got sins bcent article wil bring 516 8 18.
%piece. HAVANA, November 28.-CIgar leaf for
OcRIe L Lime ,110 per bbl. shipment to the United States Is active, and
o t se. ells at from 0@55 per quntal.
Country Produce Florida tobacco Is selling at Qulncy Lake
OCEESK-Flne Creamery 15 cents per City and other places al from 58c per
pound. s pound.
Lrva POULTRY-Limited supply and poor
demand as loUows: Hens 35 cents; mixed 80 FOR SALE.
sents; half grown 2: ceots. S
EooS--Duval County, 27 cents per dozen
with good demand and limited supply. Fine Cassava Cane for seed, in' lots to Iutit
IRtsH POTATOES-Nortlern potatoes 8300@ purchasers. Inquire df BROWN,
925 per barrel. ARTHUR R H. BROWN,
SNIONS--western per barrel $3 50 New York Belieview, Marion Co., Fla.
875 per barrel; Spanish onlons, $1.60per orate.
New York Cabbage; 1.2&3cper head. FLORID ThmTIIT1TIl
NEW Ba -NewYork275 per barre FLORIDA FERILI COMPA
ToATrc ---New York, per crate, 8100.
TuaNrPS-Ruta Baga variety 8250 per bar-
rel. E.T. PAINE. President.
Foreign and Domesle Fraults.
PIRUnNESA-Fren-41 200 per 80 WEST BAY STREET,
PlNBAPPLa -15B@200per dozen. _....
LnMONs-Messnas, 8850875 per box. JACKSONVILLE, FLORID.
FIGs-New, in layers, 15c. '
DATES-New Persian--Boxes 9c; Fralls 7. ,
Narr-Almonds 18c; Bralds 12c; Fllberts Flor-la Orange Food 28.Oqper ton.
'Sefly)12c; English walnuts, Grenobles, 18s; Florida Vegetable Food ............... 28.00 per ton.
artes 0O1p ner hundred. i. Also German Kainit, Sulphate of PotaBh, eto.
RAlns-New London 'ayers, $8 00 perqbox. Send for circulars and prices.
-ft -

[From the Gardeners' Monthly]
'*sWe are continually receiving -new-
agricultural ventures, but useful as they
are in their own special fields, we rarely
find in them anything of special interest
to the intelligent class of horticulturists
for which the Gardeners' Monthly has to
cater. We were, therefore, agreeably
surprised on reading among the batch
of exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this
to find it of a very high order of intelli-
gence, and cne which must have an ex.
cellent c in fostring Florida's iger-
ests." :
From the Times-Democrat.1
"Editor Curtiss, of the FARMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER, evidently struck the
popular fancy when he established that
journal. Its success is phenomenal, and
although only a few months old, has al-
ready taken the lead in all matters per-
taining to Southern horticulture.
[From the Texas Farmer. 1
"Florida is not behind her sister South-
ern States in material progress. It
ought to be called the land of fruits and
flowers, for each of these grand divis-
ions of horticulture are equally at home
GROWER is an ably conducted and ele-
gantly printed paper devoted to these
very topics, to which we refer the reader
for further information."
(From the Florida Baptist Witness.)
comes to our table regularly and prompt-
ly, and is full of interesting and instruc-
tive matter. It certainly excels any paper
we have seen, for Florida especially.
Send to Jacksonville for it. Address as
above, and read it awhile and be con-
(From the Southern Live Stock Journal.)

"We regret that the first number [of
to reach us, but the second shows a very
handsome sheet as to paper. typography
and general make up, while the editorial
department is all we expected of the dis-
tinguished editor. Many of our readers
are interested directly and seconda-
rily in everything connected with Flor-:
ida, and we' cordially commend this
new and excellent periodical as worthy
of their patronage. With best wishes
for its success, we welcome this new as-
pirant for public favor and patronage,
feeling assured of the good work it will
accomplish in and out of Florida."
(From the Gainesville Morning Record.)
"We are in receipt of the FFORIDA
by C. H. Jones & Bro., at the Times-,
Union office, and edited by Prof. A. H.
Curtiss. It is first-class in every respect
and is a paper which every farmer and
fruit grower should have. Its articles
are full of plain, good, common sense.
We hope to give our readers .the benefit,
of many of its articles. Success to the

MALAGA GRAPES-Fu0ll, weights, $600 per,
barrel; light weights, 85 00 per barrel.
BUinTTrB iNn -Creamery 20c; Extra Dairy 17c;-
Dairy 15c.
APPLES-New Yors. 83 '.t)l h-perbarrel.
C'aiiornia Pears $6;. I per box.
'Catawba Grriape. ni,8,2.c.
Tasaica Bananas 2920,a30ii) per bimch.
The following quotatns ate caretuily re-
vised for's and Saturday's paper
fromqtuo ition, raru,aned by dealers in the
Olty Market:. .
Newv York Caboaee wbhlecale at $2 50@300
per d retui at i15.B20cnts
Sweet Potatoes whole.ale at 45Z&50c per
ous-i,. and, reiail at i,.I'2c pe r peck., are in fair demand Duval Iouinry eggs
are .juctd at wboiesle sai 2.26c per dozen,
and retail at i0 cents.
Bostond martot'-if,-nes wonol-esale at
32 5' per baireld aud 'etadt at U415 cents per
pound. "
Neir Yoru 'rsn potartoe whole,-se at t3>l
per barrel, and rrtaLait lI cents p-er quart, or
twoquaniirt Ir I15 ,enit.
Live poultry-chickens wholesale at 25@40.
Bents each; retail at 4585 Ocents each. Dressed
poultry, per pound-chicken, retail, 18 cents.
Northern meats retail as follows: Chicago
peel 18@25 cents per pound; Florida beef 6@15
oents per pound; veal20@25 cents; pork 12@15
cents; mutton 10@20 cents;'venison 25 cents;
sausage 15 cents; corned beef 10 cents.
Northern ruta baga turnips 82 25 per barrel,
tour quarts for 25 cents.
Northern carrots wholesale at $2 50 per bar-
el; retail at 60 cents per peck.
delery-Kalamazoo, 65 cents per dozen, two
talks for 15 cents.
T7orthern Cauliflower 20@25c per head.-
Florida cabbage, wholesale, 10@11c per head
retail, 15@20q.
Snap beans, wholesale 8150 per bushel; re-
tall 10 cents per quart.
While turnips 6225 per barrel, four quarts
for 25 cents; green turnips wholesale at 6
'.ents per bhncb, retail 10 cents per bunch.
English peas 0-2 50,2 ;5 per bushel, 15 cents
per quart.
c,Ianberries 8300 per crate; retail, two
4uarts i'r 25 cents.

The Latest quotations or Florida
Fruits and Vegetables.
The following special despatches, by special
arrangements with the' Florida Fruit. Ex
change, are sent to the Tixas-Niox by the
agents of the Fruit Exchange In the various
cities. They can be roiled upon as accurate.
Special to the TrtErs-UNION:]
BOSTON, December 10.-Our market has
absorbed the 12,000 boxes received this week
very satisfactory, and as next Monday's re-
ceipts will be 2,000 boxes less than last Mon-
day's, we expect our prices will be a-little
better. Our present prices are: Fancy brights,
$3 25@3 50; best russets, $2 50@2 75.
Special to the Tiaes-UNiION:1
NEW YORK, December 10.- At a small
auction sale to-day, some prime Florida
oranges sold at $3 25@2 75. and some common
fruit down to 8175, but as most-of it came
by Clyde teamrer, w-bicLhad been detained,
it lI not a market quotation. Choice sound"
fruit is in demand at63 50@300 on desirable
sizes, while russets go at E iA2 )2'). Direct
steamer here with 2,000 cases Valencia or-.
ange-: or Monday's sale, and from Liverpool
"we shall have about 2,50) cases more here
early next week. They will probably, sell
from 64 25@3 75 per case, which pays, as the
fruit from Liverpool cost 83i 5 landed here all
paid. RaniLng bard all day.
S SOoBE & DAY, Agents.
Special to the TrEn.s-UTOTN:l -
PHILADELPHiL, December 10. Per
savannah steamer 7,000 boxes. Market firm.
2: r i htr V 7!ir` Z.


Farmers" Alliance.,

The ONLY paper .ivndr in 1:in tv ann organ-
wiition of FARMERS u tne OScwutn.
the ,hficiai organ ,)t ti_

Each ussae i. complkt, war. valuable rea.dling
matter for not .ul,; Farre'rs but all profe'sions.
Read it and 6ee. It wil ke-ep then poted, no,
or ron Ajhan.: itte tr, but E.) alu que110tOn
that afftet the inter-sts of Farmer. Ir mwill
advocatesuch ineaEiur:'s -e wIi be for the be.-t
Lnterest,,if Far-ner-. It has a CdLr'ulatioa in
ten Sates and orffee :.n :.C iebet ais re.Lsnua
mediums ,n tihe Sotia. Merchants, Farmers
Frmt Growers, an I all n ho ish to keep posted
on tbhegriateEt rei cru iovnement :.f' the gge,
should readl the
Sur.iscirption $1 per vear. Sample copie, free-.
This 6s the Bet -andCheapest wekly in the
Editor and Busmt-B6 Manager.
Marnanna, Fla.


Flodla Newspapel,




Has the Exclusive Fhiranchise of the


the Largest and Only Efficient News Servise in
the country. Also.


and the most complete



irom all.the Leading Citiesof the Union, dur-
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Frutt Grower and are worth to each one
who ha a dadly mail twenty times
the price of the paper. Its

are also full and complete.

One Year, $10. Six Months,4 Three

Months., 82.50. One Month, 81.


ts the Best and Cheapest Weekly In the Suth,
Contains the Cream of the Dally for the week 4

Qnly $1 a Year; 50 cents for
Six Months.

Arp-Samiple Copies of an Free to -Y
Address. ,

IN-Send forciroular giving description, ef he
Princelyn PremsuB offered to sub- .
scriber to.the .
.ws iJ.wiY TIMEB.






This powder Dever varies. A marvel of
purity, -treugth and wholesomeness. More
economl(al than the ordinary kinds and
cannot be sold in competLion,.witb the
multitude ni Ionw 'e -'hbort welehI alum or
phosphate powders. .Sod oniiy n afif .:,
New York.


collection orFinost Early Blooming Bulbs
8 Hyanint h., 5 Toi .,., I1t Crocus, etc. Over
200 lumilred 0 .he Balbt, 51 naum d -.,,rit ,at
half pri;,e, onl7 uid DeoemtLer 15. -en, e.prii:i
pad ':'a r-c-ipt of Fve D.:.ilar,.-
ST. JL.[MEAD, Oviedo. Fla.
Orlrs tken-fi,-r the nhe- .lapane-e Plum;
cranted on the-,r,:wn


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