JACKSONVILLE. FLA., WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 7. 1887.
CASSAVA AND ORANGES. parently, Europe was without a grain of will sprout in about 15 days. Then hoe
.. it. Great efforts were made to supply around it to keep it clear of grass, and
New Methods of Making Both .this deficiency. The Royal gardens in August and September collect your.
wrote to the foreign office, the foreign crop. If the roots are collected with
More Profitable. office wrote to Cairo, the Italian Consul care, that is free from cuts or bruises,
According to the Palatka News Mr. S.J. General there wrote to the officer comrn- they can be kept for two months and
Hoggson, of New Haven, Conn., has manding the Italian troops at Massowah, used successfully as seed, and will keep
been making some experiments with and finally two sacks of teff, red and fqr use six months without care.
Florida products which may prove of white, found their way to Kew from In the West Indies it is calculated that
importance to this State. A representa- Africa. The consignment was accom- on a cabaUeria (881 acres) 70,000 tubers
tive of the News obtained the follow- panied by an invaluable note on the cul- or roots can be planted to advantage, so
ing statement from 1Mr. W. W. Miner, tivation from M. Coulbeaux, "mission- that the production would be enormous,
who also gave -the reporter an article aireapostolique en Abyssinie." So now with the advantage of being secure from
fromaNew Haven paper,giving a further nothing stands between Kew and a teff rot for six months.
account of Mr. Hoggson's experiment; tea cake but the few months required Let the farmers of Florida try it.
Mr. Miner stated that Mr. Hoggson for the cultivation. There is a certain -
had of late been experimenting with air of incongruity in the prodigiousness Guava Bushes and Trees.
cassava, and feels satisfied that he has a of the official correspondence. Twice Eastor se-via 'armerand arit-Grower: t
process that will enable him to manu- as much letter writing about E new ex- Ur s ponrmerant tGrower:
facture ean article that will take the place plosive would have seemed the most nat- Your correspondent N. W. tells us how
of the costly celluloid and vulcanized rural thing in the world, to protect guava bushes-that is, small
rubber. He has already made ink- ones But what would he do with the
stands, paper cutters and articles of that THE WEST INDIAN YAM. trees whose trunks I have seen sixteen
kind of the prepared root and believes iLches circumference and their tops
that an enamel can be made for cloth, Vri in Prfifteen feet high? Bef ore the cold of
fromthat article, that will render it varieties inUSe, Propagation 1886 there were not a few such trees here
waterproof, and Cultivation, that bore from three to five bushels of
Mr. Hoggson has fitted up a laboratory BY CHARLES E. POUJAUD. fruit each in 1885, and the present
in which to make his experiments, and he yam (name in Spanish o bushes of two years old, are ten feet high
anyfurther developments will bme mad nonedTheyam(naistue in Spanerish, pro- and an inch and a half in diameter,
anbl nounced ne-ah-ma) is a tuber rich in fe- dozen such sprouts making a bush. To
public. cula, of easy cultivation, which does not handle these and lay them over would
Mr Miner is the owner of the Fitzgerald draw on the land, but rather benefitsit, require an Anakims and a weighty
grove and is here on a short trip to look and in some countries, as in south Amer a rail.ghty
after the hipmets of his o ranges; He and the West Indies, replaces the The better wav is to be sure and have
returns home next week, but wil l bring potato advantageosly, owin'to its oeasys se
his family down in January and remain 'keeping. your guava bushes in some protected
till spring, Teare four species: The whitel(i- s eei well fertilized with
IThe article alluded to is as-follows. Tres a e m dwhite manure, which will make god firm
-A number of gentlemen min this se-oeal ater, t w te ( o, and theywill stand considerable
Swh re wne of ra res the uinea), -the purple, and the yel- cold, down to 80 degrees.
tion he oe wes sofr a ge groves low or hairy yam. O f the white, each It is a fruit that deserves better care
in Florida met on monday evening at the plant will produce a large yam under and treatment than it has had. For me
residence of Mr. S. J. Hoggson, 126 York groundand its seed in the shape of small ithas been very profitable. Thisnyer I
street to investigate a matter not only balls or nuts Th mttled or purpe have haeenvd $8.50 pery probushel net fos year them,
of importance tothemselves, but also to produces a smaller root, anditsseeds are and they hav e b een on the table f resh
the Stateof oFlorida. The object of tbe thesameasthoseofthe whitey ne h e
meeting to discuss the feasibility yellow or hair produces a root not only andweshl doubtleshave them full
preserving the orangeso as to extend the undr r,^ ut- on- th vin in thnu we snail doubtless nave tem tull
marketing sean lf thefru and to in ra month loner Next to peaches I can
marketingseason ofthefruitand to-8i6 ^f^ 1e...og.rat isatg o P ogo -
dule in testing orange of last year's leaves, in th fo f small eat them longer than any other fruit we
o t ptese e na bes ofter bb,s wic oaret use- formr towng, and grow and not cloy of them.,
growth preserved by& a rocees inventood they.are.i4)re. davfoundOnthe-Ol
Meur. hgsne ha poackagcofnwhihtheydareloreiahdOne buhtanding close beside the
by Mr. Hoggson a packageof whchstems most rocedfrothelarras, barn in January, 1886, was not kled
was opened for the occasion, and all or those which li lowest on the no t
thpresent f re highly gratified to find vigorous cut bac after acold, it would
that fruit opened up in excellent con- fertilized, but it is very productive o on e at long i ar e
edition, only. one..orange rejected and heavy soil. provided it is deeply and well should not ave fruit. REA R.
that Ishowing signs of frost., wuich pIo)wtd and made loose, when the pro- se .
evident occurred before preservation, duction is extraordinary. Therefore I
as the oranges were brought here and suggest the -ha mmoek lands as the beat ROADS THROUGH BOGGY LAND. I
treated early in April, aeet adapted to its cultivation, and I believe
The oranges were juicy, sweet and yams of l4 to 50 pounds weight could HOW a Serviceable Road may be d
free from any signs of treatment either easily be grown, judging from the pro- ilt i l.
in appearance, smell or flavor, and it dUetion obtained -from similar lands in N B lt Cheaply,
was the expressed opinion of all present the West Indies. BY H. E. LAGERGEEN. a
that the process was so far a complete Came should be taken that the land be Many persons living in the country
success and would yet without doubtibe so raised asto avoid the settling of water mut., on their way to often frequented .e
rgly ro te of great results to the on it,whilesufficient humidity is re- places make long detours around lo,
orange growersof Florida. e -. swampy localities because the boggy w
Mr. HP.. ggson hlds sme m reserve, bsoil-there makes riding or driving over. I
which if convenient, he intends to have -itdanagerous if not impossible. A pas-
sampled at the Sub-Tropical in Florida able road across them would be a great *
this winter, although it was freely con- saving of time aud teams, and often of
.ceoed by the gentlemen present, that od r further profit on account of timber, O
when oranges are held -good until the t" muck, etc., that could be hauled out b
old crop laps the new the desired mar- r a But corduroying is costly, and would not o
ketrng field is fully covered, as was J d always pay for the'ourlahy, especially as T
shown ant the meeting by oranges of 1886 r the boggy tract is apt to belongto sme- s
and of iv188 nestling side by-side in the body else. A cheap road requirin g no-
same uadish..'.. .. heavy lifting in its construction and
C Capital without stint has been offered good enough for light traffic, can be
to prosecute the business, but Mr Hogg- made as follows:
sQn says that his experiments on: the Have a lot of stakes made of grod S
orange were commenced as a source of "lightwood," three feet long one end
pleasure; that he has now accomplished sharpened,' the other square, and not
all ho at first intended, and before going less than an inch thick. When the
further he would like to know more about e swampisdry enoughran ee outn af
the different varieties of the orange, and -. th stakes acros i.The oun a line bef
also at what time it is hest to treat the about one sarod apart. Then stake h ouldt
fruit,whether when freah from the trre or h.;I another line parallel with if and distant ha
when it has passed the sweating procea from it about fiv feet and eight, inches. ti
--informatior 'which he hopes to gain m i ot ieln etaes
from r imets tahis e omn tse asin ay a Have a light strip notover two inches ol
Indian River, ppka, Citrai Palatka, wide and a little longer than from one ho
nd a on of stake to another. Lay it on the ground
Waldo -and other sections of Florida with its ends against the insides of the th"
were ably represented at-theemeeting two flrst stakes of either row. AN
which was ve ery pleasant and terest- Have a lot of stakes distributed along do
iug. Congratulations to Mr Roggson the rows. Stand outside of the road to ow
were freely offered on his success." be and lay the sharpened end of a stake ti
TheNewCeeal "Teff." overthe strip and with a heavy mallet of
lThe New Cereal, drive the stake into theground at a right w
The following article from the London ii angle with the road. anil with such a kt
News relates to the cereal grass recently \ slope that one foot from where it enters Do
introduced into this State at Manatee by the earth it is only six or seven inches Sc
Mr. P. W. Reasoner: -. : above it. Let one foot of the stake re- w
According to a supplementary bulle- va TAmain above ground. Two feet from it at
tin of information from the Ro.al gar- stained to keep it cool. In the West drive in asimiilar manner the next stake ih
dens, Kew. that establishment has just Indies where the lands haven a certain in- and so on until one side of the road is wi
imported a new cereal for study and ex- clination.thegroundsare merely plowed, finished. Then the other Lide is to be th
amination.. The new cereal-is Abyssin- harrowed and sown, the soil'being so driven the same way. The line stakes m
:ian teff, the grain from which, in its rich that without further attention sat- should, of course, be pulled up when
several varieties, the Abyssinians make isfactory results are obtained: but in they are no longer needed, lit
their bread.. It may be spelt "tthef," Florida I would recommend beds or hills You have now what somewhat re- ea
but this is a needless addition to the pain such as are made for potatoes, raised sembles two long cheteau' del frise fat
of living. One of its advantages is that about twenty inches above the level, pointing to opposite sides, as in the'dia- hL
-it may be cultivated with ease at a and with a space between each of about gram-a being the projectingends of the tei
height of 6,000 or 7,000 feet above the sea two feet. stakes. Just where they join the ground gu
level, where corn and maize can hardly For planting the white yam is prefer- the wheels will roll, as indicated by the the
thrive. This would make it well suited able, and I will confine myself to this. lines b. Thus, even if the wheels struck to
for our hill stations in India, and for Take a knife and divide the tuber near only soft mud between the stakes, they thi
parts of our colonial empire similarly where the vine sprouts, and plant the could not sink deeper than three Inches, ire
situated as to altitude. It comes to ma- part where itsprouts,theotherpart being the stakes beingtwo feet apart. Should it!
turity in four months, yields forty times used for consumption, while the sprouted the horsc step to either side of the centre ]
its volume of seed, and, in the best va- parf is kept. carefully covered with earth, the projecting ends will support the blh
riety, makes a white, delicious bread. The latter soon produces a great many wheels, and without breaking off, as the foi
The coarser kinds grow more quickly, roots which are employed for seed. In muck is soft and yielding. The stakes we
but are much less agreeable to the pal- using'the root, any part of it cut and should not be quite opposite each doi
ate.. Bruce mentionsteff with approval, planted will produce. Between -the other. dog
and'there is.some account of it in other plants there should be a distance of about We may suppose that by this time all rol
-books. 3J feet. the trees and bushes .are cut out of the for
Yet, till the other day, Kew. and, ap- Plant in January and February and it road. Go to one end of the road and vei
take a stout stake. Set it at a point eig
teen inches from where a driven sta
enters the ground. Lean the top hea
ly forwards and drive it in to a depth
eight or ten inches; then withdraw
after widening the hole somewh
Eighteen inches from the other si
make a similar hole; it will be about t
feet from the first one. Now stick
pine top four to six feet long, or oti
brush, into each hole. Pound it w:
the axe where it enters the ground, f
the more sloping the brush is, the bett
Half or two-thirds 6f the way from t
nether end of these make two mc
holes, two feet apart, and insert m(
brush. Keep on thus all the w
through. The holes should be made
such a manner that the tops of the bru
point outwards from the two first on
/. '- 7"*< V/''
P'LAtq OF K]oADn THROTTGH B00r."
and meet each other from the next one
then point outwards, then meet, and
on as in Fig. 1 in the diagram. ...
When all the brush is.stuck, bring t
outward pointing tops together and tuc
them under the inward pointing one
The position of the brush will then i
aboutas in Fig. 2. This carpet of brush
is for the horse to walk upon, and wi
if made with care andof good material
keep him from sinking, and it cann
float away. It should be trimmed s
that nothing can catch the horse's feet
Go along the road and gather u
boughs. pieces of wood, bark. mos
anything that wiliserve for grillage, an
place it where it will do the' most goo
-it her between the stakes or on the patio
Whatever will float should be tappe
with the axe, or tucked under the brusl
Last of all. throw some dirt on the brus
rherpver necessary. The road is no'
finished and will be serviceable whether
dry or overflowed. The horse will ste
ver it very carefully in the beginning
ut will soon get used to it. This sty]
f road will also do on dry, loose ground
'he stakes'need not then be so long, bu
stories of a Boy's Canine Pet
BY JAYE KAYE.
Where is there a boy who does not lov
ogs? I never knew one. That is to say
never knew one who was not fond o
having a dog. Loving is a different
thing. .Still. I believe that the majority
f boys really love animals, dogs and
arses most of all. and like to hearsto-
es bout them. So I am going to tel
ie boy readers of the FLoirmA FARMER
ND FRUrTr-GROWER something abou
ogs of which I have been the happy
wrner, and perhaps of some which.
hough not my own. have been friends
f mine. Friends? Yes, and really nice
arm-hearted friends: jolly dogs have I
mown. Alas, most of them are no more
o you know what the great Sir Walter
cott said about dogs? I will tell those
ho do not. Speaking of their compar-
tiely short lives he said, "'It is well
at they do not live to a great age. or
e should not survive their loss," and
ere is a great deal of truth in that re-
Well, I commenced dog loving (I don't
ke the phrase dog fancying) at a very
irly age.- I recollect that my grand-
ther had several; one was a fine grey-
ound, another was -a tiny Scotch
rrier..and these two were privilege d
ests in the dining room, where I[ ide
eir acquaintance. Our introduction
each other was not a formal one. At
is moment I think it somewhat conm-
l, but at that time I certainly treated
Lying on the hearth rug before a
izing fire was the greyhound with his
relegs around his little friend. Both
ire fast asleep. Some one opened the
or and said "Rats!" How those two
gs went out of the room and how I
led over on the floor was something
,r e to remember, which I still do
ry distinctly, although I was almost a
PRICE $2 A YEAR.
gh- baby then. What a number of stars I servant, and went away without ex-
ike saw, and how they danced about The plaining that I meant to say that I had
vi- terrier soon returned with-the rat in his invested my money at a cottage adjoin-
of mouth, while the greyhound walked ing the yard of my father's business
it proudly by his side, looking first at "Spi- premises.
at. der" (that was the terrier's name, I have That dog was a failure. He would not
ide forgotten the greyhound's', and then at get fat. He would not leave off leaning
wo his master as if he would say, "Isn't he, and thinking, and his hair would not
i a a clever little joker?" gTow. In fact it kept falling off, till he
her I didn't.quite like Spider that day, for was baldheaded'all down his loins and
ith he had a hand, or rather four feet, in the legs. It would not stick on again. Seal-
for assault upon me, but -I think he was ing wax.was of no use. I tried it till he
er. sorry, for when the rat was taken from wasall over red spots, and it was a tedious
the him he came and licked my face, which job, for whenever he saw. me strike a
ore familiarity I resented and spoke sternly; match he ran into his kennel and I had
ore but he only turned his tail to me andlay such difficulty to get him out. He sud-
ay down to dream perhaps of a good,rat denly disappeared and to tell the truth
in hunt 'and a tripe supper. Spider and I I was not sorry, for I was teased to death
ish were good friends next day, for he was by every one inquiring about the health
es, such a sharp-eyed, roguish, good-tem- of my "yard dog," anid recommending
pered little fellow that I soon forgave me to use all sorts of things, from tar and
him both the assault and the undue fa- feathers to Mrs. Allen's hair restorer.
miliarity. Now there was nothing extraordinary
We used to go hunting for rats in the or very interesting in the characters of
barn, and Spider frequently managed, to these my first pets, and I merely mention
" catch one, which he always brought to them because I numbered them among
me; but I had no use for them when I my early friends, and we must all have
- found that my mother would not make a beginning in keeping animals, and get
pies of them, as she did of the young our experience as we go along.
rabbits which the greyhound used to -
bring in, for which I esteemed him a Hay in Leon County..
mosurtsuperior sort of animal. From a small patch of four acres M .
Ilove Spitder, though our friendship William Robers has cut this year four
was brief, for one day my father took crops of most excellent hay. The first.
my little friend in a buggy, and having cutting turned out 6,50 "udsth
to call at a farm, tied Spider to the side cuttn turned out 86,4.0 pn t
of the buggy to prevent his following and second cutting 27,800 pounds, the third
ht..ing lothe as w ch am ry tocwas rather small, owing to droughtn
hun T gthe cats, wut On m father'sry bt made 8,000 pounds The total pro-
say was one. o isf.sOn mfae' duction is 68,550 pounds. Northern hay
return, pider was so pleased to see lhim t one whit betterthanti selling.
in the diane hat he jumped out of or a a
my father could get to himhe wasdead.poundsebut we will put this at evernty
Now ths as a career t ng or my five cents per hundred, a fair estimate,
owth.isa wasing a c e th.ie fr and it fo(:lts up $4'1 .65 or 114. lperacre;
fhertou have he Lth-e actio he lyah much as three bales of ,COten
to you not to "tie your dogs loose" in would bring, and made with less than
buggies. That is a bull, I know, bit halfas much worank.
es; perhaps you may remember it the better fT.herot is I o bl--u ,-
so on that account. Remember that "evil is ab e ishe n uess',o uro hayo bnc ,bet
wrought.by- want of thought, as well as :about he- abon,y th' ue s ca. refuy
he want of heart." Had he been tied close Weighed an. d thengures given ar.e cor-
ek the accident would not have happened. Leon counThss t ands. r.l eDonk r.
'S. I have been the happy owner of. all counte
." as. He .... v...- ,oo .e Davidsu Mr.h Jhntgro, in31r. Johnson and
be sorts of dogs, little dogs, big dog, black Davdumbrs of otM harop, r. J'ehnsin aud
eu dmesh d white dogs. red dogs, yellow dogs, ro o, a pi uced sihi-
11, blue dogs. spotted dogs, water dogs and larcrops when attention was given to it.
Is. re dogs. The last named wer e iron for It is hardly necessary for us to add -that
ot oldiug logs in the fire place. aud thev stockrais i a iro y faring is an
so were the only senseless ones I ever had. assured success' where nuch hay can Ie
. The first dog that I couldreally call my grown.-Tallahasseean.
,p own was, a little wire-haired terrier m.^d ^ r .
s, called -'Princ.;" we used to call him Those Government Seeds.
i 'Prinuv" for short, but I don't think it tEditork.orida farmer and F'r.itrower,
. saved much time. He was very fond of Some.time ago I received -from you
b. me and would follow me to school. 'Of packets of the following grasses: Fescue,
-d course the teacher turned him out, but Meadow-Oat, Johnson and Alsike Clover.
h. though he lingered near, it was not very I prepared a small plat of land and
sh patiently, for he would set up the most applied a fair dressing of commercial
w dismal wailing, and when the servant fertilizer. Seed was sown September
er went out and gave him the stick he 12th on high pine land. -Within ten days
3p would cry "pen and ink, pen and ink," the Johnson.grass was well up, but to
a, at least, that's what it sounded like. this day there has been no trace of any
le Perhaps he had a thirst for knowledge, of the others. I cannot blame the
d. though he evidently did not like cani- weather, for it could not have been bet.
at ology. I ,I ter. I can only conclude the seed -were
They put up with him until the little too old, or else raised too far north and
rascal sat down on the doorstep and .were sun-killed as soon as thfy ger-
showed his teeth to every one who tried minated.
to pass. He had a very good set and But the Johnson grass in three weeks
perhaps was proud of them, but some from sowing, was 18 inches high 'and
of people don't feel any interest in dog's beginning to show seed heads. It is now
teeth. The teacher got the kitchen (two months from seed) 36 to 40 inches
poker to point out the way he wished high and very vigorous. I do not know
Prinny to go, and- with two or three how it would stand grazing, but I am -
e shouts.of "pen and ink" my poor doggie satisfied that for a permanent hay field
, went off like a streak of lightning, and I it is of great value. My Guinea grass,
)f saw him no more for several days, whdn Indian clover and Teosinteare all seeding
t he returned a raving lunatic, with a de- well. The'last is 12 feet high.
y sire'to bite everything from a bedpost tof JOHN lM. C. WATT. ".
d a man's leg, the latter for choice. My PINELLAS, Hillsborough County, Fla.
-, father said he would physic him, and he r -
1 garv him some pills aod'powder through Reducing Bones.
R a metal tube. They cured his madness, Expose to the er a barrel i l led
r but there was no moredog. Poor Prinnyl with alternate th ree-inch layers filled
y He rests in pieces. with alternate three-inch layers of
Of course I could not. remain doless, broken bones and ashes for several
s and one day I obtained the queers months and on examination the bones
looking cur you ever saw. He was very will be found to be reduced to a jelly-
I long and very lean; in fact, he seemed to like substance, forming phosphate of
I do nothing but lean, either against the potash, one of the most powerful as
Wall, or a post, or my leg, and shut his well as lasting fertilizing materials
, eyes in a solemn sort of way as if he known, and onae which, when exposed to
were making a mental calculation as to the sun for a few days, may be easily
I how long it was since he had hada bone reduced to powder-the veryibestecon
* and how long it would be before he got edition for applying to the land.-Hus-d
another. No, he was not a handsome dog. bandman."1
He was white all over except the whites Scaring away Crows.
of his eyes, and they were fiery red. His
hair, where he had any, was very rough, An old farmer tells how he circum-.
and stood on end, and where he had none, vents crows. As soon as the crows ap-
which was in a great many places, it pear he shoots as many as he can and
did not look pretty. when his corn is up hangs their dead "
A man told me he had the mange, but bodies around the field; the live crows
evidently he was ignorant. As I walked seeing their dead companions seek else-
proudly home with my new dog one of where their food and leave the corn so
my father's servants said, "What ou uniquely guarded severelyalone.-Ex.
earth have you there?" I said, with *
great dignity, "A yard dog, of course, The Southern Live Stock Journal an-
can't you see his breed?" I thought that ounces that the visit of Prof. Arnold
man would haveafitorburst,he laughed to the Island of Jersey and a look at the
so immoderately. When he had recov- Jersey cows on their "native heath,"
ered he said, "A yard dog, eh? I should discloses the fact that the Jersey cow
call him a yard and a half or two yard has been improved by her being trans-
dog. Where did you get him?" I re- planted to the United States. The best
plied, "I bought him of. a man by the cows bred in this country are found to
yard." He had another dreadful fit of be better than the best bred in Jersey.
laughter and then asked me how much a This is another indisputable evidence, if
yard, I had paid. Of course Iwas indig- any need it, that feed is altogether as
nant at such frivolous questions from a important as breed. -
VOL. 1--NO. 49.
n--r ,-r-.r .A -"AI I n l--n- t T irx--T TTTr /--n' lrT"'-"TiC l f l-,," r iV 'mI- -I'DT ID ,1 J 1 DflfQlP
386 FLORUI1A tFARMERK AINL rUiiT U rlvWvtJWn. 1'arainnil
S jured the trees next the pines fully as occasionally to give the beds proper yven- HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED
tr ihardand Wa d nl much as the others; I think an impartial tilation, as it is impervious to air and -'. -I__
/ visitor would say more. moisture. The cost of the covering be- i -t
LAWTE,Y, Bradford county, ing nominal, the beds may be increased A Few of Many Expressions o0
A FINE FRUIT ORCHARD. to any extent. To the market gardener Approval.
Good Food for Grapes. or grower of early truck, coverings for Mr. F. E. Heath of New York City,
cold frames and hotbeds are indispensa- Mr.rF. .Heatb, of Ne=- iCy, n
Notes on Various Fruits and The New York Tribune says that good ble By their use plants are protected writes under date of September 26th:
Metho of C stable manure thoroughly rotted is the from extremes of cold and beating "Your paper can stand comparison with
Methods of Culture best invigorator for grapes; whether org- rains, also from the ravages of insects of long established agricultural journals in
BY STEPHEN POWERS. anic fertilizers are the best for health and various kinds.-Timed Liemuocrat. the North: an.:l it is bey'.nia comparisonn
Messrs. J. Crawshaw & Son own two longevity of the vine is another question.. the best o.f thi. class ever published per-
fruit plantations here, of which the Application of bones to the grape border EARLY TOMATOES tabling to Florida."
larger one includes about 25 acres. A is oftgreat importance, as careful exami- "An A TE. Mr. R. J. Wright, of Tangerine, writes
few days ago I spent some hours in going nation of tho roots will prove. Ground lu- .. as follows: "Your paper has more than
over this one, in company with the broken bone is preferable to the material A Profitable Means of Using, a held its own, and is getting better every
senior owner, in an unbroken condition,as it allows of Waste Article. week. There is a freshness about it that
The plantation is young yet, and was a more even distribution and hastens Edit or.. uida a e, andM *-vi-Orow: makes every number an agreeable sur-
subjected for some years to the usual disintegration. Grape roots, however, prise."
mishaps attending property which falls will push a long distance in a straight In looking over your paper I see many pie
under the tender mercies of an agent, line, to obtain this much-coveted food., interesting articles on a variety of horti- Mr. Ezra A. Osborne, the owner of the
For instance, a great part of the orange Some years since, in removing a vine; cultural subjects. I have been in the immense cocoanut groves onhe is eouth-
and pear trees have had to be raised from it was found that the roots on one side market gardening business for some e coast, writes from his home in New
six to twelve inches, as they were either were much stronger than the others, years, and am greatly interested in any Jersey: "The" FIRERAND FRUIT-
uthrifty or positively refused to grow and curiosity as to the cause instigated iprod method of carrying it on. GtOWER is ahead of any otherpaper tI
at all. a careful search for the extremities of iThereo one plan for getting tomatoes have seen, n showing us Northeran ers the
The orchard has been set six or sevem the feeding rootlets. After several feet into market early which. I have never great agricultural advantages of Flor-
years, the greater part of it, and in that had been uncovered the bones of a dead seen described, and I thought I would ida."
tiune one car load of fertilizer has been animal were unearthed, but they were give it to your readers, if you care to Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and
purchased, but only half of this has yet so completely covered with a prefect print it. It is not exactly a new way, stationer of Palatka, writes,- under date
been applied. A considerable muck has network of small fibers as to be almost either, but is a great improvement, '1 of June 1: "Your FLORIDA FARMER AND
been used, and two or three spadefuls of indistinguishable. think, on the old way with pots. It is FRUItr GROWER is a perfect success. It
lime has been given to each of the orange These rootlets had penetrated into this:, is far ahead of anything of the kind in
trees. The soil is a light yellow sand. every crack or inequality of the bones, When going home from the city mar- the State, and every one interested in
There are about 1,500orange trees, which evidently had been of great kets during the summer, I generally ihorticultureor agriculture should not be
1,000 LeContepears, 100Kieffers, 100figs service as food for the plant. Beyond drive -out, an alley, and can nearly without it."
(thirteen kinds), 950 Japan persimmons, question iron in the soil is ofgreatbenefit always pick up a wagon load of tin cans,- Capt. R.E. Rose, president of the St.
besides many Peen-to peaches, almonds in coloring the fruit. Iron filings and mostly of the sizes in which corn and Cloud Agricultural and: Improvement
etc. turnings answer an excellent purpose, tomatoes are packed. These I throw Co., writes from Kissimmee, under
The Messrs..Crawshaw are strenuous and the effect may be noticeable the first down in some out of the-way place until date of June 10th, as follows: "The
advocates of budded orange trees as season after application. Above all else I have gathered. together as many as- I FARMER continues to improve, and, as I
against seedlings, and the facts theygive the sweepings of a blacksmith shop have need.' During the winter, when not predicted, is becoming the standard ag-
in connection with the trees as they given excellent results, aswe then secure very busy, we build afire between two ricultural journal of the South."
stand are hard to gainsay. Forinstance, manure in concentrated form of a logs and when we have a good bed of Mr. G M. whetston, of Mikesville,
they have about two dozen Satsumas, variety of constituents-the horse-drop- coals throw on a bushel or so of, the Columbia county, writes under date of
which have been planted, most of them, ings, hoof parings, iron filings, etc., cans. In an incredibly short time the August 0: The FARMER A F IT-
three years. Of course they were ex- combined to form a powerful fertilizer, tops and bottoms will drop off and the -ROWER is the best journal of its kind-in
posed to the freeze of 1886, and it was Perhaps no other plant is more quickly sides pop open, when they are throw the South. It, is doing a good work
the hardiness which they demonstrated benefited by the contents of the wash- out with a long stick. The operations toward advancing farming industry in
at that time which is one of their chief tubs every week. It-is a mild solution then repeated until all are opened. They F lorida."
recommendations, for the Satsuma or- of potash, and appears to be greedily ab- are then gathered up and put away. .
ange itself, in the writer's opinion, is sorbed at once. A plentiful allowances Some fine broom wire is next pro- Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Greeny,
only moderately good eating. One-tree of wood-ashes forked in the soil in cured and cut with nippers, just long tand andImprovement f Ma,2dCompany, "We
had about 150 oranges on;, another, spring pays well in the crop of fruit. It enough that when the ends are hooked writes under date of May 2d: "We
about as high as one's head, had 84. It may not destroy mildew on the foliage, and fastened theywill each make a loop think THE FARdMER AND FRUIT- GRoWER
never lost a leaf or a limb in the great as some claim, but it will certainlyin: of the proper size to go over a can. The th e best toalways get new idearmers infrom it."lor-
freeze, while a number of sweet seed- vigorate the plant. sides of the can should be lapped say idal .. W e always get new ideas from it."he-
lings close by were killed to the ground, three-fourths 6f an inch.'The 'natural Mr. B. W. Amaden, of Ormond-on-the-
Not a Satsuma was killed. Other bud- Advice to Peach Growers.n spring of the can will hold the wire on. Halifax, writes as follows: "I am tak-
ded trees, Interspersed here and there Col. dennett offerstheThe cans are all prepared in this way, ing ten papers on agricultural subjects.
amodedng the seeds, interspersetood here coand asthere Dnne offers the following in and stored in some old-shed till needed and if asked to surrender the FARER
ellamongs the latter, and reloaded wi theNew Orleans Picayune: in spring. AND FRUIT-GRCWER, I would tell them
Well as the latter, and are loaded with Peach trees have generally become About three months before it is safe to to take the other nine. but leave me
n fruit, some of the small trees bending short-lived from causes which may be set plants in the open ground we. make a that. May peace and plenty and years
under the weight, with nearly or qmuitea easily remedied. Omitting the discus- hotbed and sow .the seed. In about six of grace be given you to continue the
box apiece on their limbs, while the usionbe relaw.e sed
boxseed lings just beside themes, while the Gn relative to the difference between weeks the plants will be three or four good work."
sedig ut eiete, odda grafted a~nd seedling peaches, peachinhsigwe 'ldrotd
taller, have only a few scattered over trsafted and seplanedlin soil not peaches, peach inches high, when a milder hotbed is Rev. T. W. Moore of Marion 'county,
their topmostbranches. For instance trees are often plant soil not adapt- made and' the cans set in as thick as writes: "I believe your paper will do a
t herlespms threeyears from inte bud, ed to the peach, either.too wet and stiff, they will stand. Into each can is set good work in disseminating new ideas in
lost no wood nor even a leaf in the or to sandy with a leaky subsoil. one plant and allowed to grow for four regard to fruit raising, farming. stock
great freeze, and has now 25' oranges. th i,.s and grass are allowed to grow or flve weeks, or, until they begin to raising, etc."
t e ad how a it aroundthe trees and' between the rows crowd, when they should be separated so Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
It should be stated, however, that it The soil in most instances is not plowed as to have plenty of -room, and allowed, "Judging from.what I have seenof the
eit waisnnly a few of-the budded trees that but once in twelvedmonths, often not at to stand till safe to plant out. FARMEr
of- 1885-6. Several bu ht h were inserted all, and pruning is neglected, and suck- When'the ground is marked off, take R AND FRuIT-GROWER, p iti i the
by the prOprietors in the fall of 1885, and ers or water spouts are allowed to grow a spade and throw out a spadeful of soil bes
aroundthebody.,hereeachPplant is to gruw i and ialit- South. I predict immense success for it."
xo" ors ere tender. but a number of Paroundthe body. e wcndlihtlyahpat st rwadf t
ofthem survived. I e a t one, about 1ar o ndharrow the ground lightly tie bone dust or other fertilizer is mixed Prof. S. N. Whitner. of the Agricul-
ces in diameter, growing thriftily, after frot: plow and barrow lightly in, all the better). Now lift the plants, tutal College of Florida, writes as fol-
The proprietors prepare their ground after th weeds and grass start in the can, soil and all and set in boxesconven- lows; I1 can say in all sincerity, it has
viery thoroughly prepare digging or burni oung spring. Mow the weeds whenever they ient to handle andhaul to the field. Set exceeded my mUst sanguineexpectations.
ou all theroos; and arethuis e xempt are 12 inches high. Scatter a peck of can andall into the hole, so that when Already it is without a peer in all the
ro attacks ofs wood lice Many lime and half a bushel of ashes around the soil is drawn in the surface will be South."
forrom the ata t ie an each t'ree in the winter: put a mule-cart about one inch higher than the, top of Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala-
otbergroesan mu ootLawteythisyearhave full of rotten leaves around each tre in the can. Cut the wire.with a nipper bar, writes: "I am delighted wih the
th one has not. I saw only one scaly tie winter: cut back hal o the previous and lift off the can. In this way the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, and rec-
tre he (ians in sih ow ao year's growth and all slender limbs that roots are absolutely undisturbed. Hoe ommend it to all on account of its cornm-
atree. The oranges ino ight us fr ihowrasoute extend out too far. and leave theb head in the soil and the work is done. plete adaptation to the wants of this lat-
as highapeirentagre of rustyfrui ithe p-of, the trees in ,a handsome, compact Plants so set out will never wilt. It is irude.a.
ei-]brug groe. Next year the pro 8iue
pretors will take measures torevent apecutting out interior branches to a good plan to wet the plants well before Mr. C. H. Goodrichb of Orange Park,
There are about fifty Wahhingtn may b pruned in the fall, after the often made a good thing off an acre of AND FRUIT-GROWER is decidedly the best
Navelsinle grove, and te propri leaes fall, or spring hen the leaves plants beforeothers had any to sell. A publication of the kind in the State. I
w-fll not condemn them untried. for tie start to grow. Somei prefer pruning as great deal depends, however, on the seed take them all and can compare their
u siully aolege taultuofrshye rrin soon as the fruit is gathered in the you sow. I used to use the Acme but merits."
usual ly alleged tault of shy 1.,earing ....m r e 'r m c n ln d ; us w u e t s,
Of the LeConte pears. the greater part sumer. We are much inclined to have lately used Livingston's Beauty. I Mr. Thomas Meeban, thedistingished
favor this from one year's personal ex- have saved quite a quantity ,f stock h o a an e nge
were set four years b ago. being now ive hore pr-f in t r n Culturistand proprietor of the Ger-
r ouears old. Later theyg e lel o perience. We prefr spring to fall r seed of this varie r, and I will send ioa mantown nurserIes, i n a letter dated
"p:,usheiar this year 1 busher Tile -co winter prtuning. WVe believe taat this one of th aoy alb aito to
bus hels. roise ar1 37at- hhl>kos.. Tn ce plan hfor aunaingl peach orchards Vill av tias plan, and will send mesis amp March5th, writes:" I am very much
ewas shipped it..n 1 crates, anri. u insure ,long life tanr-i better fruit to lee ai- e to i lle me pleased w ith thie FARMER _'NI FRUIT-
T$56 above all expenses. That part ot f in p an i fui Ai toa Ro WER, an' shall read iat reularil.
tle grove haealready reib f ir cedi all t beh tees. and will prove a great F. G. JONSON. wih wER an is a l ir it oren
-en t u b al t gi-tafted peach orch rdw. 146 E u hA S iReE. which you knois w is a high, comp ent
texpensep taonitrad rimutntvate thine ieeit fudiaso d146 E. tSrREET.or an editor to pay to an exchange."
durinsefput u tlon"t ctiaion It is probable that lespedeza can be Columblus, Ohio.
Sduriug thie four years. but uont the origi- -tur o fi ne aceount in southern each Hon. J. Pelomtro Manatee, writes as
par owtla. srtretehin aTquarter of le urchaids, and that it may benefit other follow-.: "-I look upon your paper as
pear i.ws aethi a ter l lk e fruit trees. This grass oro plant does Planting Irish Potato Vines. one of he nt ort valuable additions to
across the atov, aresatlohaer -, not rob the sotil of elan t tooao. but bne Linn Tanener. of Cheneyville. La., our agricultural i tLerests. It iE ably
Tie ear e f ree fro disease, and har e re- fit the seil. Vhen allotred to grow writes to the Mwissisdippi Valley Farmer: eieted, practical, directs attention vo
The nMeo o ng fers. rs er, until f ost it has a large amount of ms- The beot and only crop of Irish poata- matters of. primary importance in the
Teers t t re shae v think highly of terial that may become humus and also toes I ever raised in the latter part of development of our various industries,
the Kieffer pear. both for cooking and a gooid quantity of seeds. When well summer, on to the fall season. I got by and carries with ita spirit of energy and
for eating. but it must be kept a long sei in lenpedeza, plowed and harrowed planting out the vines. I willgive your enterprise that must addresseitself Lo ev-
time until thoroughly ripe. They have in Lecemboer it furnslies bumus for thi readers the plan and they too. can ex- erymsearcherafter information."
a few choice se:imens still on their ext o ro of peaches and seed for a crop perimtrnt. When the vines are in full Mr. L. H. Armsro, of St. Nicholas.
shevea t isS dare ,or.rilb. lhth Mr Luhi C r. H. ^ Armtrng ofSticols
Across the roais area nunmbero Le. of Japan clover. This crop. plowed in blossom. cut off the limbs of the vines Duval county, writes under date of
Conte peatr trees only three years old, with the rotten leaves and mowed from ten to twelve inches in length. April 6th :: n FLOw D Foia ARMER AND
which bore cosiderablefruittiselweeds. gradually enriches thbe soil, and Have the rows ready and opened deep FRUIr GROVER has far surpassed expec-
bar. th humus, lime and ashes are exactly with a plow: place the butt end of the tations. It sheds light on many obscure
ine tree yielding t50 pears. This eariy what the peach tree and fruit most vine on the bottom of a furrow, and pages in the book of Florida's possibili-
fruitfulness is attributed by the propri-..
etors to the freqifent removals and con- need. Plow, barrow, pruning-knife and lean it on an angle of 40 or 45 degrees; ties in fruit, forage. live stock and in the
sequent root pruning which the trees slaw are the implements for keeping pull the dirt in with a hoe antd cover development of her vast store of hidden
have been obliged o undergo peach orchard in oider. vine and leaves, all entire except the resources."
Law winter hiley set about 950 Japane Pomologists usually object to sawing bud. Do this when the ground is moist
persimmons, re~sived directly from off large limbs of peach trees or any and in three days they will put out wri Wd C.Pye of Orng Heights,
persmouns. ureceed directaily fromother fruit trees They are doubtless roots and makegood vines and good po- writes, under date of July i2: -You can
Japan. Only about five percent, of unot imagine the solid cornfort I get from
them failed togrow. They have much correct so far as it relates to sawing tatoes. the sensible advice given in the FARMER
larger shipment to arrive from Jap large limbs and separating them fromthrh s otue AND FRUITT-GROWER in all matters per-
this winter. beside several hundred Ke the body of the trecut we think the Fuchsia Culture. raining to the farm, from your able
sey plums, and a variety of other fruit outer ends of the limbs may be sawn off I find that" with plants that which corps of contributors and the logical
trees. where they are an inch or more in di- hare blootfned continuously all summer, views of the editor. The paper is a God-
Of the figs. ao and isit i ameter in othe glowing season with little there is little hope of their flovering- in send to the granger who is threading
e toheo eia. atmone s ak d mu cohtho the or no injury to the tree. Neglected the winter. unless thy" are of e the labyrinthan ways of Forida farming
almo verlde a few nu htses large limbs often have to be treated this speot o-sa and se.rraifola varieties, and fruit growing."
Welmook aeiled a a pea bud whichdwas way ogv ym to hee o ih edo hese will often flower: eight months in Mah'. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo. writes:
ieto-ted at spearn o dn the newiplan. the" trerearge are split oaf at a the year. and are called Winter Flower- "The new paper is just what all engaged
botmrue d la nding on ab bnt stcknt fork in pulling them down to get fruit, lug'in thecatalogues. Otherspecies c in in tilling the'soil should have. We like
grewtomuwar n d h o awie bunt finallyI or where a limb an inch in diameter is be packed away in boxes, with a light- the style in which it is managed. Facts
ronegprectdown hilooksifairly, bthrfty, broken, it seems to bare little or no soil, and kept in a cool, dark cellar and not boom talk~is what is needed for
Thedexperents wi ll not e treatyd influence on the health of the tree. We where potatoes will not sprout. They the advancement of Florida."'
ATich tis .beingirun ossisee oat the have sawn off large limbs soon after the must remain dormant and should have M r paper; oh Pea cola,
grove, boarded and covered with clay ntfruit was ripe, and have had them eor warmth to 'send. f-rth Mr J V. Dansby, of PenSo la, ex-
in the deeper places giving a four-foot thrown out an abundance of vigrous thefr~i'nyh leaves. All, their .leaves~iw.ill presses himself as follows: "The FaRMEsR
fall an during te etir grve, shoots before frost. Whenever it ts drop,' andi-they must not have any'wtere AND Ftrr-T-GOWER is the best thing in
Doeall pnrinen freste prot'e~grisold, found necessary to remove a part, or the unles ti~e soil becomes too parched, and its way I have seen. It is just the paper
isaDeaquestion which the')Iessrs.t et rt Ciaintrawshawe~d hole of a large limb', hot pitch should if the cellar is damp this will not occur, needed, and if" you keep it up to the pres-
arearather idclined t~o gnswet in theneg- be applied to the stump or end of the In February or March. if" you desire the ,ant standard of excellence must become
atve Tei haiet oseswrea itlelmb from which it was taken, plants to bloom early, they can be taken phropula wihathe poleftan 'om can' isee
wlise ofThei centiest lofstes g eroe; bu lthley up and potted in rich soil, composed of weeyuhv etayrofrtn
lost morte ornentres dftieretl bunderey Paper Covers ror Cold Frames. one-third well decomposed cow manure Drovement."
lee'of the forest, oh th'e west side thffn Another good covering for cold"frames 'had two-thirds rich garden soil.--tor. Mr. J. R. Campbell, of Paisley, writes
th~ey-did in any oilier quarter of the and hotbedsais made of-strong :manilla Popular Gardening. ',-to us as follows: "'Out of five papers I
giove, except, in the limited ono sp5ken paper'similar to- that used for" cotton, "- -. .. take, yoursits the only one I read every
of, near the center. -A .neighb6~i,' Mr: saniple's.. -1r-sbouldobe giveri' coat-or A force pump tbrowinga spray isused wordof" .' ... ." -
Cha'rl'es Baddyi had 17 or,1i3 magdf&'ent .rwb of b~oiledl -linheed oil, .to nrbtdct~!it" b# some poultrymdn in thrbwidg' white' Mr. Percival Brewer, of MonmI.outb_"t
which juits squarely Un a'gaintfitbh ~indg- 8)"usef' 'fdr" s(Vr',al seaso.nii--Fidam'ef :tile cracks 'and"fti'evle, of 'the 'poultry thnk,, youf -phper tbi"'bbst-gticulttrali
on th'e west side. The' -tr-eal:fr3'j6zxin' 'b0er'ed'withl this'4iaper 'tmdst' he lifted' 'quarters:"' ''.. :... ... paper published'in thet~o~tlti. ~' L.a- '.
Mr. W. WV. Dewhurst. ofiSt. Augustine,
vritesof the FARMER AND FRETIT ;GROWER
inder date ,of July 13:' "Its chara
rreaily in advance of anything ever be-
ore priiuted in Floriia of its class, and
ts aim is so near what we have long
needed that I feel it a duty-to giveit aid.
fW '-- TRADE t7/ i WI
t DIE IN THE loLIS
Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
Rats are smart, hut "Roron ON RBi-" beats
them. (l"tars out Rats. Mice. Roaches., Water
Buszz, Fhits, Beetles, Moths, AnIts. Mosquitoes,
Bed bugs, nsect_, Potato Bugs, Sparrows,
Skunks. wea-,el. Mpphrs, Ch:miunk., MleS,
Mu-k R&aL, Jack Rabbis. ,urrlm. it(.- a.
S"Roun ON. ERATS" is a c,-n.plete pr.revenille
ad dearerr've r of Hen Lice. Mix a 2-Ec. box of
"Rouon ON RATa" sto, a pail of 4 whitewash,
keep t well stirred up whLe applying. Whhre-
washb the wbolie interior of the Hernnry[ inside
and ouLsid of t he nets. The cure *6 radicalI
ad complete. POTATO BUGS
eFor Potat. Bugs. Insects on
Vies Shruhb. Trele, I pounmd
or hai the conteits f4 a 1.00
b.- x :o, "RornaB ON Riia"- AgTi-
cJt'uriil Size, to be ti orouvphly
mixed viib one t
of plaster, or what is better air
slacked lie Much,. depends
0 up tbh'orough umixig., so as
io eompl-telv d.ttnute the'>,:isnn. Sprinlkle
it on plamis trees Or shruna when damp or
wetI, and is quite effective whetn mjxtd with
lime, dusled on itt[,,:,'ut ni'virte While in
its cincenrmed stare ii is the mc.st active
and strrongest :. all Bug Poisons: when h ismxed
as above i comparatively barncless to am.
malsor p.:-rs3nn. in anv quarhity they would
taki- If prererred t' use in iquil f:.rmn.a tab-le-
sp.:--:fuoI'i h falil stirengin "Roro, oNR.Ai"
P,;--vr, 7etll haken, in a keg of water and
afippLd rita a ,rndin hrig .r st-ray syringe
or hs brou:m, "-li be f-indl Tery ecLi,.
Kee.i ir -1il starred up while UeipW Soi. r.y-
.. Drutist and St:n 'Ikeepers I'-.e, : 8
E. S. Wu-s,, Chemist, Jer'-y -'C;r-. N J.
-A .... .
Weekig J0ouraT 1
DEVOTED TO THE ; -
; E 0L* E O-AOND'
Bees and Queens. A H CITRTIRR
Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
Ing April, May or June, of my superior race
of pure .
Italian BeOs an lOM s.
S Queens by m0all a peeialty.
Give meatrial ordrr
,:For prices or other trijormatton. address
H. C. HART,
Eunslis. Orange Co.,iFla.
FREE, ONE SAMPLE GOPY.
Before yon decide where to 'o in SOUTH
FLORIDA, send for a sample copy of .
THE ORANGE GROVE.
Y,.u will riAi bhetr and hebeaper bargains in
MANAEaS i(ountv in graves, farmn, ranches of
any size. BuJdLdng lots on railrorai., river or sea-
side. The pr-.prietor of "The O)range Grove." is
an "old timer," but neither moss back'd or hide
bound; he is hi-ere to stay and "There is millons
in it." Three MiUlicn ot Acres onn 'ns Books.
Address THE GROVE LIVERPOOL. FLA.
Fancy Poultry and Hunting Dogs,
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl.
[ ---$I ,PE0? 13---.
A.lI'. hboiiou.h'rhtrd Yoi.ngfSettLers -nd Hounds.
A-,ire VtILLA ZAjiZA POULTRY YARDs,
9 ALBERT FRIES,
ST. NICHOLAS, FLA.
A."ENT FOR OEO. W. BARK.ER'S
Rotted Bone Manure.
DECOUPOI SED WI rH POTASH.
Price, 8,-5 per ton free on board Ln Jackson-
vlJe, or at i'aCtory pr.ce when delivered in
BUDS OF THE MAGGIE PEACH
Futnirbeilat jil per hundred, $ per thousand
flme hnnilred at one thousand rates
R N. ELLIS,C. E. A. E. MCOLu-R', Architect.
ELLIS & McCLURE,
Architects & Civil Euineors,
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
INGS, SANITARY ENGINEERING, &o.
P 0. ox 78-. Rooms 7 and 8 PatlmettoBlook
*, Bay Street.
SHELL POND NURSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS. PLUMS, KELSEY
PLUMS AND OTHER FRUITS.
Send for circular. Circular contains a short
history of Peach Culture in Florida, and hints
as to culture.
J: P. DePASS,
Archer, Fla. -
A lot of Budded Orani
ties, 2 year buds. 4 year
inches in diameter, 6 to
thj-ifty. Mu3st be sold
given 'upon applicnatio
miumber wanted. Samp
$1.- A full Une of other
Are the King of.Tnrkey
min less'lime' bhan any k
when nltbred'will well
: 4 : I '
.whIte; Send for Illunstr
ge Trees of finest varie-
r stocks (sonr), L toi 14
8 feet high, healthy aud
td make room. Pi ices
n. Parry should state
lea sent upon receipt of
Tbie journai -i'L hare for its leadmig.object
the promotion of rc'ual induErries in Florida, and
wdi adVloCate er[pet.iilly a more dlvereuned and '
tnteuLnIve svytEm of acrtiinlure. and greater
economy of hrime resouri'es.
A se umng that the ,gTicrutmrai adaptanonsior
a large portion of Florida are as yet but imper-
fectirv undlerstiod, a special aim of this journal
mil be to des-cribe the best results which have
t, een accomplished, with the exacn methodso em-
pi.,yed, and li infduen,:es affecting ,uch resiIlts;
also to suggest experiment, describe new or uttle
kiowni crops, mutt. tct., and record the progress
of agTicairare in neighbbrLng States.
Comuienctng with the first number and con-
tinning through the season forr
There -ill ibe a sericE of arncles on frujtes-other
than tbho e of tho i-iruas group-which have
proved most successful in this State. Each va-
riet wiU be deecrtbed land
And there will be notes from persona who have
han ex.iieceni.:e in its clnration. This wiu be
foUl.wed by a stiuiJar aeries on
And otaersubjects w-ll be illasrrated to a limited
Much attention w-iU be devoted to
Anrd to the home production of forage and fertii-
zers, rwo economies whJch are essennal o sune-
A due amount of space will be dlevoted to
houe-hold economy and to reports of the mar-
ke t, and the departments of
will he contributed to by persons who have made
specialties of those branches.
All portions of the State will receive a dne
amount of attention, and their interests will be
represented by able correspondents.
Under no circumstances will thisjournal be-
come the "organ" of any associationor locality.
It will start ont untrrammelled'and .rwili repre-
sent all seorions and interest with absolute Im-
Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week. '
,,PRICE OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Year ..... ..........:....$
SLi Months 1 00' ,
Three Months 50 0
SPEOntEN OOPLo FRpE., ,
nnsr.Ase'. MoBl.eE.or Address subscriptions and other business com-
-JacksonvllWe, Fla munication o .
NZE ,TIURKEYS C. H. JONES & IBRO.,
. atta inning greaersz ,'' -" B S .' .U
kr.own 'breed.. Gobblers '
gh'85'to45 pounds.- Conmiunicatlons for tbe-.edftorlal depaair'mfl .
r. ktb S :' -' sBbo-vlhbe addresedto' -u" ".: 'l ':- -
ducks. 'Good-lqyers and *-' ,
thafu: roolbror-a&reaimy A. H. :CURTIpSj'eisaitOP,'^ \;'
ratdd Deacriptive d ,. f i, e -,.. -.. '
L. 0..D STAPLKS', ar' 4l* 'tJabksonwll'e F
l 'Portland; Mleth-
'-."- ^ ._-^ -:- ^:'.2: K="i .-- ^
.- .'-:- -. .. .-. ^ : ^ ^ ^. :. ".:- ? : .:" i,._ '. ..
-. --.; .-. -. .
17 '.. h : .: :
5J-^L L6 .
* -. 1
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. DECEMBER 7, 1887.
others is argillaceous, cold and compact. feed two weeks on grain before killing FOR SALE.
hC arm. Tramping the latter is attended with bad hogs for the table, as they imagine a -
results. The chief difference between slight orange tinge to the pork, an athr1000yeaquats romseedto inchesin height,an tokYwell
the pine and the hammock lands in the slight turpentine taste. It mak s a rooted. Seea selected from choice fruit grow
TOBACCO IN FLORIDA.f tob o is that the latter will second class hay whenmoweddown and by E. H. Hart,ofFederaloint. Also,ot of
grow it without fertilization and the cured properly like other grasses. Scuppereong and Thomas Grape Vines, two and
former will not. The nuts will germinate for more than three years iron- layers, strong and well rooted.
A History of Its Production- While the quality of tobacco grown in three years when gathered mature and Address, 0. T ACHER,
Soil, Climate, etc. Florida has been gradually decreasing well kept. How much longer I am not Fairview Nurseries, San Mateo, Fla
forseveral years, the increasing demand advised, but have been told by several
In the report of the Tenth National for cigar leaf at Jacksonville and Key reliable persons that they will germinate RIVERSIDE NURSERY,
Census there is a carefully prepared West induced, as is reported, a larger when kept in dry mortar for twenty
chapter on the tobacco interests of Flor- planting for 1880 than for many years years. The nuts areabout as susceptible GLEN ST. MARY, Baker County, Fia.
ida, and as it is probably the most full past. to heat and cold as the sweet tato; if J. A. DANIEL, PROPRIETOR.
and reliable treatise on the subject to be
found, we shal reproduce it entire in VARIETIES OF TOBACCO GROWN. exposed to the hotel sunshine frost nit FoPeache% Pear., Apr cots, Japan Kelse.v Plum
foundtshaehfollo re ducientrenof co e well kill them effectually. Frequent For catalogue apply to
this and the following number: Several varieties of tobacco are culti- spading or plowing in winter, so as to J. A. DANIELS,
CLIMATE.nvated in Florida: The Florida leaf, the expose the nuts to the frost, and a dense McClenny, Baker Co., Fla.
CLIMATE.. Connecticut seed leaf, the Havana and shade in summer will to a great extent
In the latitude of Jacksonville, 30 deZ the Virginia. The send of the Florida destroy the grass; heavy application of ROLLES TON NURSERIES.
gtees 15 minutes north, recent observa- leaf was originally introduced from'Vir- salt will have the same effect, In culti- -o
tibns of the signal officer of the, United ginia, and while it has retained the size vating it is best to cover and then clip 300,0oo Orange, Lemon anoi othi r varieties of
States give a yearly mean average of of the Virginia tobacco, it has through -a off with the hoe, as it has to ferment the citrus family and other fruits suited to this
69.6 degrees, and the yearly range of the succession of years, acquired a silkiness and rot before coming out and starting climate. Stock in the best of condition for large,
thermometer, as made up from the daily and elasticity from the soil which make again to grow. It is not a tall growing ordek ondence solicited. No charge
mean, to be 80.7 degrees. The rainfall it very valuable for wrapping purposes. grass, from eight to fourteen inches on Address,
for ten years averages 48 inches. The Connecticut seed leaf was intro strong land, and very susceptable to A. J. BEACH & SON,
RISE OF THE INDUSTRY. duced a few years since. It has a much frost. Palatka, Fla
-Tobacco was first cultivated for mar- broader leaf than the Florida variety, a
ket in Florida in1829, in Gadsdencoun- will grow a larger number of pounds per TH MANURE SUPPLY. W
ty. A Virginia gentleman made it prof- acre, and is more easily cured chestnutA tenant who ndrstands the ring and
table on account of the silky texture of color, the color most sought after at the
the leaf and the large amount that could present time by the manufacturer. Nor For Those Who Cannot Depend shipment farm gardenndtr andfruito sh ltivateBest
be produced to the acre. The census of is it liable in as great a degree as the on Live Stock. about 0,00oranges mawithtwoor three
1840 showed a total production for the Florida leaf to the white speck, which boys lanogandanoafrtdutwor
0 State of 75,274 pounds, of which Gads- is now considered a defect in. the Florida ABYW W. hearofsararechang e by application to rthe un-
den county produced 66,824 pounds. In variety .. As the season of rest from the care of designed, at Manatee, Fla.
the census of 1850 the State reported The Havana is small, but commands a our groves and summer crops has come, References required. J.H. ISER.
998,614 pounds, and of this Gadsden higher price. More plants may be grown it is well to look about us and see how we
county was credited with 776,170 pounds to the acre, and two or even three crops may increase our amount of fertilizers. FRUIT TREES AND PLANTS
and Marion county with 109,000. may be grown in a single year upon the All who have animals to feed can greatly ALL KINDS O CHOICE vARIETIES.
During the decade between 1840 and same land by leaving a sucker on the add to the amount gathered by carefully For free catalogue address
1850 its culture extended into Calhoun, stalk near the ground in succession as saving and composting the quantity TEXAS HILL NURSERIES.
Leon and Jefferson counties, adjoining the various crops mature. Another rea produced. But have those who have no CHARLES KELLER, Monticello, Fla.
Gadsden, and into Marion, near the son for its popularity is that it can be animals to feed no way to manufacture
centreof the peninsula. Between 1850 grown on old manured lands; while the fertilizers? Assuredly they have, and it p IT CULTURE
and 1860 the highest point of production other varieties are confined almost ex- is for the benefit of such that I now POFIT IN FU ULU
was reached, and for several years the exclusively to the freshly cleared areas, write. Kelsey and other valuable Plums. 25,000
annual sales varied from 8,000 to 4,000 The Florida leaf and the Connecticut The fertilizers gathered from animals LeConte, Keiffer and other ears lanAlsn
boxes of 400 pounds each. seed leaf are grown for wrappers mainly were all contained in the food they ate. LeConte stock. All the valuable ahd Oriental
boxes of 4 pouns ea. though the worst leaves are taken for ,t isnot supposed the animal has origin- 'and Southern Fruits. Camphor Trees, Olives,
DECLINE OF THE INDUSTRY. fillers for common cigars. The Florida ated anything that is added. The great Jersey Red Hogs Sees o allin oras. Jersey plants.
In 1860, owing to the increasing ef- leaf, though not so large as the Connecti- work of the animal has been one of de- Highest Quality, Lowest Prices. valuable in-
forts to raise sugar,'and to the high-price out seed leaf, has a better body and more composition and concentration. On an formationin illustrated catalogue free.
of sea island cotton (to the production gum. The Cuba tobacco is grown for average about 15 per cent. of the manu- Waycross, Ga.
of which the earnest attention of the both fillers and wrappers, and As said to rial value 6f the food has been taken
planters .had been directed), the reported preserve to a considerable extent the away and 85 per cent. is left in the drop- Geniloe Wasbilgton Ban1lOOue ImDorial Navels..
production of tobacco declined to 828,- aroma of the Cuban grown tobacco, be- pings.
815 pounds for the Stati, of which Gads- coming, however, larger and longer, Now then, if the animal adds nothing MAITLAND NURSERIES.
den county raised 553,701 pounds; Wash- until it assimilates the Florida leaf. It of manurial value to the food, may not
ington, 36,680; Calhoun, 119,800, and is thought, however, that the deteriora- the fertilizer be made without the use of Order Now if you wish to be intime.
Liberty, 34,900. Jefferson and Marion tion, if it may be called, such, will not the animal in a profitable manner? We offer for Fall and Winter Delivery a choice
had abandoned its culture. The total occur in regions further south. Most assuredly it may. Take the food lot of GEULINEE WASHINGTON NAVELS
production reported in 1870 was 157,405 Many years ago a'variety called the that is fed to one cow for six months as Lemons. Alsoth Early Spanish, Jbesaft and hajorca,
pounds, and nearly every county except Spanish was extensively grown. It is an example. We will suppose she will Malta Oval, and nearly allvarieties of range,
Gadsden ceased to raise tobacco for mar- reported to have had great silkiness and require one ton of hay, one ton of bran Lemon and Lime. we also offer for the
ket. In that year Gadsden county pro- elasticity as a wrapper. and one-fourth ton of cotton-seed a.eal, irst time to Florida orange growers the
duced 118,799 pounds; Calhoun, 18,822 The Virginia is only grown for home Now instead of furnishing hay worth DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEL,
Sounds, and Washington, 7;590 pounds. consumption. $20 per ton, gather broom grass, M- r Pr.,i]hi Nae known, and the
A few other counties reported a small e iu.) wire grss, oa eaves and pine straw M ,ir'rNve known, and the.
largest. ,o I nir Jach son. pro- i To be eoutiniued.) wire grass, oak leavesadepine straw
quantity, the largest.being Jackson pro- till you know you have what is ATWOOD'S EEDLES'; NAVEL.
ducing 4,"202 pounds-scarcely enough NUT
dufor home cosumptn. The product in COCO OR UT GRASS. equal in manurial value to your bay. KEDNEY & CAREY.
for hone consumption. The product in 00 RU T RA I.tead -r your bran take a ton of ..& A.Y.
1.870 was only 19 per cent. of the amount ---. : cotton-sed meal, which is waonth fmei Park Oringe Couny. la
produced mch more than bran a a fertilizer, and
turns for 1880 shows, the production to Not Nearly.so Great a Pes as .-uch morenTan broa o a ofe rtilizrerd
have fallen to 21,182 pounds, grown on Most Persons Believe. ton of cotton-seed meal. Put your grass .
90 acres, with an average yield per acre : A Louisiana planter who ha s had forty or leaves or whatever you have in a pen .. A :
of 235 pounds, the lowest yield reported year's experience with this most unpopu- made of rails or boards, so that it will be Suited to me Soil and Climate of
for any State or Territory, except lar sedge, discourses of it in the South- three to four feet. deep. an .
Maine and New Mexico. The crop of era Cultivator as follows: Instead of going three times a day to F nn f "a-
1,;9 amounts to but 14 per cent. of that The bitter coco is a pest indeedwher- feed your cow for six months;-wet-it Florid
of 18decrease in produ69.has be er found on cultivated lands. I hare thor-ouhl and see that it does not, ge ... r.w and r al at ,
Thisudecrease im production fas beenever .een or heard of itgrowing on wild dry and file fang. In three months its Gcw.ii. andTT n frSa'- t- t
attributed to a multiplicity of causes, or uncultivated lands. It is in fact, so to structure will beso broken up that you ArY
among them the want of conidtente in speak. a subsoiler, and everY tenacious may now mix with it the cotton-seed
the constant of labor in the State, to- of life: yet it does not go through and meal. Handle it now as a compost heap, URSERIES,
tenton from the time it implanted until as some people have b-en heard to it- becomes a h-mterogeueous mass.,when Near TALLAHASSIE, Fla.,
it is harvested. a ,The petty thieving say: quite the contrary, it is certainly a it is ready for n e. E. DUBOIS, Manager.
which prevails among certain cladaes in s grass and greatly prefers heat and Now inqike manner, varying as you -.'," ae
the tobacco growing region had a de- liebhtodarkuess. It wdllnotgodeeper in please as to kind or quantity, all kinds Send for Catalogue and order early., Send,also
pressing effect also. Hunr ofpoundste soil than to find moderate moisture, of rough trash that can be gatheie.d fPrice List of
were often carried ofl from the Open which it will have, say from tivelve to in the fields or wounds. may be utilized r
sheds in a single night. Moreover, the thirty inches. In loose sandy loams it and worked up into fertilizer, adding Flo0rilda W i Os.
bhimmock lands, in the centreof the to- will rtow deeper han in compact potash in the form of sulphate of potash,
erbacco growingarea havebeen rene- 'en- alluvial lands. It will extend its roots a and phospholic acid in that of ground Vd lloy Poltiy-Yard-i
rally opened, and Flexperiencda the ha s little deeper than lands are broken with, bone. But remember, all that is gath- ss
whicproduce that higher Fo priced the soiled the plow. In lands not cultivated the ered from the fields or woods costs no
which produce the rhighea priced geed nuts will gradually grow more to the money. and an indefinite quantity can J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r,
leaf tobacco must be fresh. When grown surface, owing to its great productive- he gathered in almost any locality. So
upon soilslong opened itis thick a ness. i nut bearing earth, almonds. thowe who feed no animals have full GRENADA. MISSISSIPPI,
leathery, similar to the sweet chufas. power to help themselves.
TARLETIES OF SOfL.. It is exceedingly difficult to eradicate. Let us all go to work at once and Breeds Prize-Winning
Thegravayndmulattohammock lands, yet can be sufficiently destroyed as to emancipate ourselves from our depen- Plymoth Rocks. Wyandottes, Brown
slightly rolling and freshly cleared, are not much interfere with early and quick dence upon others, by making what we Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.
preferred.for tobacco. If planted upon growing crops. It does not grow well can for ourselves.
lands having a putty-like subsoil, the in constant damper wet lands, although. GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE ATALL TIMES
plants will grow well until the tap roots annual overflows of shtrt periods are of How to Turn Under Grass, etc.
come in contact with the impervious no disadvantage to its growth. It is pro- E, E IN SEACON.
claN beneath, when they wither and pagated from the nuts only in this dcl- l Ed, .R F.-,,dna Forier ai ,, tawl o "
scald if the sun should be hot. This is ate south of Mason's and Dixon's line, While reading in your esteemed paper Won all the Leading Prizes at Ane
especially thecasedurinr a rainy season, so called, still it has every appearance of the many different devices advocated North Mississippi Polsry how at
This bluish clay is highly retentive of producing mature seed to the unpractic- for making the turning under of pea WaterValley, Feb. 9 to 12. _IS7.
moisture, and an excess of water in, either ed eye. It is in nature tropical. like our vines.and crab grass easy and possible. Far,rs w'shine t) irul.r.:.vc ti. r str.k .:au
the soil or subsoil is fatal to the tobacco much prized and much detested Ber- I am somewhat surprised that the getr PECIA.L BAJIGAOS, Af me. I -is6.:.ella
plant. This subsoil has precisely the muda grass, producing seed in its clime "Acme" bas not been mentioned. I
same effect upon the orange trees. thefo- in much abundance. have tried it. and with success, in crab First-CELSs I.ncubatrP .
liage of which becomes yellow when an I have Leard that the coco was first in- grass, broom sedge and dog fennel. I
orchard is established on such soils. produced in the southern portion of have had no opportunity to see how it Poultr Jiorn,-al.and Bo.ks rnt Red' Ld Prkes.
The red subsoil is very arenaceous, and Louisiana very many years since by works in pea vines, but think it well Snr.te i.:.r wais. .
is inclined to be porous, sufficiently, at some enterprising Creole Frenchman, worth trying. The single Acme is bet- Plea .e mention in paper.
least, to allow the superfluous water to who visited the WVest Indies and on his tier than the double for this purpose, as
percolate through it. A few hammocks return brought a few of the nuts and it follows the inequalities of the ground PATRONIZE YOUR HOME MANUFACTUi R.
have a sandy subsoil These are very propagated them for their great value as and touches everywhere.
warm, and when planted in tobacco pro- hogfood and supposed botanic properties. Let.the lever down to the last notch
duce a quick growth. The leaves of the Mr. Hamlin says in his article that no and have the traces so long that the Iev-
plants upon such soils become covered stock will graze it, nor will hogs eat up eling bar is on the ground. Drag it over
with whitespecks, locally called *turkey- the nuts. I an astonished at his state- the grass while the dew is- on. Run it ...
egged." At one time tobacco so specked ment, and would like to know what ax the same way as the land is to be plowed
was very much in demand, 1.12 rix dol- he has to grind by saying that he would afterwards. If the land was simply
lars per pound having been paid for it not have a farm infested with it. Very plowed before, one dragging will be
by the Germans. The fashion having many of our most valuable alluvial enough; the grass will be prostrated and
changed for this peculiar style of to- farms are infested with coco yet they the bar will shove some dirt before it;
bacco, such soils are no longer desired produce crops, when well cultivated, in enough to hold down most of the grass.
for its culture, great abundance, and cannot to-day be But if the ground is smooth, it may be B B. :,.f..
About two-fifths of GadsJen county bought for less than seventy-five toone necessary to repeat the process: then fol- ,.:- .,*
is pine lands, almost perfectly level, hupdaed dollars per acre, andin fact it is low the same track. By loading the -I-B '"
These lands have a grayish soil, with but little trouble except in hoed crops, harrow with a sand bag of from ten to --
salmon, red clay .foundation. At the which are supposed to require from one- thirty pounds weight-according to the i-S
depth of twenty feet a bed of yellow third to one-fourth more cultivation, strength of the horse-one time will ft
sand occurs,and still lowera white sand, It is not quick to grow in early spring, always be enough unless dog fennel is
with a soft, whitish limestone rock, and crops soon get. the start. Shade is plentiful.
which gardens by exposure to the air. distructive to its groivth. It is not con- The effectiveness of the implement E2.1J: 1 1 -pI 2 E S
The soil of the pine lands is thin, vary- sidered exhaustive to land, but on the when used by.this purpose, may be al-
ing froin three to five inches in thick- contrary, like clover, keeps it porous most doubled .hy sharpening the coul- Manufacnurerof
ness, but will growa good quality of to- and mellow. All 'kinds of stock will ters. Their temper is generally too hard
bacco when fertilized with cotton seed, graze it, and hogs are exceedingly fonid for the average file, but a grindstone SOAPS, PURE GROUND BONE,
the quantity,app1ied being about a pint of the nuts, rootmngafter them in'cessant- will give them a good edge. If the
to each bill of tobacco. The, tobacco is Iy through frost and snows 'from early, tri'ces are fastened directly to the edd of AND THE
equal in quality to any grown- on ham- morn 'till dewy eve." The nuti -'itre tfh'e bar instead'of to a singletree, the a ._
mock' ladds,'and many farmert'prefer about as rich in nutrimeift. if i'not Acme will run with a snaky -motion B, O 8liltIH ]a 1 UraSllg Tire EIfIlO
the pine lands for its growth. The drop- quite so, as the swee t-p otato, and hogs which trill more effectually prostrad the .... -
pings of cattleon the.sandy pine lands arn as fond of them; and more so berbage and 'dwell on impression' as a the Best nsecricide Extant.. Coarse Groand
enrich!the,lan-d, while- their' tramping thap of 'the Jesusalem artichoke :. When printer itildahy.'The 6lowei'thhborAi ,Bo nfor Poultry t o and Sdi l.prso
givesa.deigreefcomRactness to the soil plentiful hogs beconeo*quite -fat ujion walks, ttie brtter'wiUl the Mk'.bleione.. .:-a4.s- o P and V a p
which.ishighly, beneficial While some them, are free from-(diseae, ulpecialy' --' H.. H'ELbs" *Er OFFE.2E.'LpE ,-. .OF ..o 8 OCEAN-.,STREET, -.
of these-lands ar'qvery-aady,-the soil of -cholera;ianid some epicures think best'to' i STixE.Fla. .a .',,.* -, .i- p. p.0.B oxils, i ,; .;- ,Jacksonvil!eiFla-
-... "'., '' "- -'.-7 "l -.. -. ,-. -'- -. *-,-',*" :- ----' .... .... :. -'.... ...-
THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
We offer the largest and most complete stock of Citrus and Dei.Ii.iin Friait Trees n- it
South Florida. Our stocks First-Class and prices to suit the traIc. Sea.l fi.* -Dc..r lire
Catalogue and Price List. Communicate with -rs e
E. H. TISON, Manager -Lakeland Nurseries,
ILakeland, Polk Co., ita
GUIDE TO FIG CULTURE.
til1 6liw to grow and prepare the Fig, and describes our new fig-
Only genuine "Fig of Commerce," and the finest fig in the world, Also, Tropical and New F
nd te finest stock of NT in the country. Address withStampL COMPAY,
FLORIDA HORTICULTURAL COMPAN,
Cutler, Dade County, Fla.
Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
DUNEDIN, HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, FLORIDA.
We makeaspecialty of the distinctive varieties of Citrus N-t : -- '- i ,'0*,atc
Imperial, Riverside (buds personal selected by a member of ,-'i .- :- A' .. I 'rD i -' n-'
W ashington Navels, Malt',--- RiBh,-. 'Tirt'- ir-iiff. Du Roi, -. ,, a ,'1 t ,i- ..S.,l-t.--, r ai:i.L,5
etc. In-Lemonswehave Fri-;, Fr -. Iair, Pi .,,,a .t7 ,n,:....,id E.-.i..k i Al-,.. i ic i
Limes Peaches (Bidwell's E rly, et. Piiis, ri n A. I r. b .xn wo'--. .
6ur Stockislarge an- ..r,,iret'i- rt.i-- a n- ctaL. Catalogue f ree onappliecation.
A t- t,1-1" t. .L t it rN i -1 .r. M i I.ii _- f -hin tt l .-
CHURCHII ANDERSON & CO.,
PRODUCE AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
*. '. *= -- S ' *
DEALERS IN GARDEN
AND FIELD SEEDS.
We are now prepared to furnish -
FRESH TURNIP AND CABBAGE SEEDS.
In any quantity desired, and as -the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.
Catalogue sent free on application.
FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
Kelsey Ja aw Plums, Olive Trees, Orai0s, Figs, L)lons, Pecans,
By the dozen, hundred or thousand, also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Floridaandthe GulfStates. Amnow.:,.:,ki:n-.:rer_ ir:-r F'all -l-v- ry e-,on
of. 1887-S. W rite for Prices. '-'al.-.:.gue ire- .:u app ,iatit:o. .
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES, G. L, Tater, ProA, En St. Mary, Hia
size -oxioC I VI On Lakel Kiingsley Clay Co., only Slo. A
fee in choice 5-acre tr I cfor 1an R OAINGE
GROVE costs but 8100. .
Rligh rulltf. Pine Laun., iutl, i. :., i n :,., i-.>R A[- A I
m rt. p ".-:.e [ [attm L, r i.. --. t- .. or i'g lil P. 0. ,l ,. k | 1 5 1 1
Bik 1Drai t.)JOH:PN T. FtALBOTr, anidgt Wran e-, Ti |nFLORIDAN
lpeciti-'. rrun the
TIROPICAL LATTD COOIPAN-IY-,
P. O. Box 15S.Jaeksonville. Florida, 39 W. Bay St. -
New York, Charleston and: Florida
The tegpist tc anier:. ,:f ti -:, lin are appoi t,:n te:' -. al
FROM JACKSONVILLE.- EVERY THURSDAY
FRO-M FERNANDINA, .- EVERY SUNDAY
St. i er"ar- e--a.pint t ti .ail u--a. Pit'- E. R News Ynrk,e.-rer TI.iEt A Y and' FRIDAY
ar 3F' m Ta.1-a "7 6 smil,.e for Fernandina and Fridav's htii, for Ji.cks?, -nrTl: .
I'. F r-.ui 't a-i Pah '-; -.:-ra..oamniordntion by tri LI.i-? ar.:- uns.irl 'eni: Every artera,'tn:.
teirL Ie -reen buimeinr- entrustd. i.t. lieLinime. D-rc-'t ill shpaimuL ts from New York via CLYDE'S
FLORIA LINE. Pier 2-. Easr River. For further int'ormati.:n apply 'o
J. _. ITEAD. .ag't, F. M. IRONMONGER, JR., G F. & P. A. .A -. .LESLIE, AC't,
Fe'crian-imna. Fit. Jaks.nruJi,- Fin. .-8 W. Bar St.. takeon-tJr:, FlI.
TEIlEO. G. EGER, Traffll.-Man-,er, WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen. Ag"ls.
3; Bros.-iway, N. Y. : o. Whrirrve-, Pnj., Pa.. V. Br-:.s.-a-, N.:w v- rk
, .- .-.. ..
388 e FLORIDA FARMER AND FRiUT- GROWER DECEMBER Tt71887.
The Floria Fmer i Fruit GrwPr itn are sumniarized in the resoiu- hare not a larger field of usefulness than SECOND TO NONE. Mr. Screwemnup could. not se it? There ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1888.
Th F d Frm al Fu tions adopted, which may be taken as the insti auction of twenty-two pupils. I is n. other man in this ilderness o _____
the ground plan on which the new the number were tenfold greater we WVe have, received advance sheets: of' smartas Mr. Scre.wemup, and here is Inducements to Early Subscri-
A. i. (iURTISS, Editor. stations will be built up. In these reso- would say that the people of Florida ap- the Southern Cultivator for December, no proof that iahis Junius ir -fmarte. ores to Volume .
that he eversaw a iaiiroad before. And- bers to Volume I l
lutions the convention pronounced em- preciated their privileges. That the which number completes the 45th vol- besides all this (and here's'the boss ar- The many thousand readers of the
Office Cop. Bay and Laura Sts. phatically against "any diversion of number is so small proves that the people iume. As compared with other monthly gument, too), suppose the story to be FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER will be
these funds to the general uses of the do not know the merits of the institu- publications of this class we believe it true, according to this bystander's own gratified to know that in two months
Statement, the dollar was rolling at lib- from now-with. the commencement of
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT colleges," and in favor of applying them tion, and are unjustly prejudiced against has no superior in the United,States. It stmnwt, h oul wa r gt i fro te ndow-i the om menemeto
GROWR.I aneigt pake 8 clum illstr, '. : erty. -Now, how could we'expect Mr. the secoh~dvolume-the formlor publica-
GRO WER is an eight page 48 column Illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm, "in good faith to agricultural research it. Other schools in other parts of the -h:s dutingits long career absorbed seven Screwemup to secure it when it was not tiou will b.e changed to that which has
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy, and experiment and the dissemination of State may have good claims to favor, other journals, and now stands unri- made fast in a crack? And when hbe beer, I.tie raili adopted hy the agTricul-
and to the promotion of the agricultural ande
industriallnterestsofFFlorda. Itispublished the results of these among the people." hut we doubt if any have-superior facil- called in the South, a credit to Georgia could not secure it for us he had no need .tural press of the counimryv. It will be-
BvivWednesday. .,,,r^ at.o11 i.^ m to care what became of it." cornea large- quarco or sixte-en or lnore
every Wednesday. It was resolvedthateach of these stations cities for education or a better location, and to the Southern States. This jour- This is the historybecame of the railroad in pages, with a cofer sixtend to adore-
Terms of Subscription. This is the history of the raih'oad in pages, with a cover devoted to adver-
For one year ... ...... .2.00 "should be distinctly organized, with its Admitting that their advantages are nal has treated the FARMER AND FRUIT- the wilderness so far as it has .vet been tisements, whi: h can be removed in bind-
For six months: 1.00 duties and control clearly defined, and equal, we claim that the agricultural GROWER with great favor from the out- written. i ng. A kine quality of paper will be
Clubs offive to one address .................... 7.50 AUBURNDALE, Fla., Nov. 25, 1887. used, the edges will be cut, and the tdile-
With daoly TIMES-UNIONaoneyears.. ......1.00 with a recognized official head whose college should have the preference, be- start, and possibly we are unduly preju- page heading ill be of new design. An
Wihdl"IE-U I Isxm nts 60"ies indaex i llead i ssue wit th(, ew d astn Anu
yWith WELY TIMES- O, sonetyar 6.70 time shall be chiefly devoted to this de- cause it is an institution owned and sup- diced in its'favor; so we recommend all .inder ill be issued wit c t me ia c'n-
Wi-Subscrlptions in all cases cash in ad- apartment that the bulletins published ported in reality by the people, the funds who are not acquainted with the CQuti- r-enient and verl vahiiudablwt h ook of refer-
vance, and no paper continued after, the shall enlarge on topics of most practical for its maintenance coming partly out of tiator to apply to the publishers at At- 'vniet and v valuable book of refer-
expiration of the time paid for. The date on fence. The sah'e style of type will he
the printed label with which the papers are importance and be "entirely separate the State treasury and partly from a fund lanta for sample copies, which will be IN UNION THERE s STRENGTH.. us-ed as now and the columns will he of
ad d ressed is th e d ate to xvh ich th e subserip fr mehn t, osffrea nee.y n o o h s m i t b u ~ r t t e p g n
on ist paidan ivantoecip from those of the colleges;" and that the et aside by the people of the nation fo sent free. THE FARMERS' A LLIANCE the oame sit, a nt and rt to the p e in-r
tion s pad an is euivaent o a rceip forthesadmof %7, id noprth i ur ato el pahorer.
payment to that date; if the date is not financial management of the stations this purpose, which otherwise would TEOR RS TA 0 R n LLor4n Clu., -stead of six and proportionately shorter.
the subscriber will please notify us at once. shall be distinct from that of the col- have been turned into the National treas- A STORY FOR THE TIMES. Official Rulins GO veCubs pc wi eJ i.ed in the -
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub- leges ury. Moreover it should be a matter of The ApailuingsaGvrnieng.Wlubs ference that the propritori of the
Jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in e in uy ould Florida. FARlMR AND FRUIT-.iROWER aiE war-
thispaper. Writersmay affix suchsignatures Such sentiments as these are just what. State pride to build up this institution The Application of Which is Lef The following rulingsare pblisb-d in ranted in making this improvement by
rtos their articlesastheymaychoose, butlmuna st farmers wish for, and being thus ex- and make it a credit to the State. to the Reader. theFlorida Farmers' All,_1ai., the o n- bthe unqulified success of the journal,
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not forpublication butasaguarantee pressedby those who will have the man- We do not mean to say that such con- BY JIMUEL DUFF. cial organ of the orgaDizatin in this and bty assurances of its continued and
ofgoodfaith. Rejected communications can- State rapid growth in the turure. A journal
not be returned. agement of the appropriation, the people siderations alone should control orinflu- There -were some rich men who, 'State / that stairts out as this did without prom-
ADVERTISEMENTS'inserted to a limited have reason to be encouraged and to ence parents in so very important a mat- prompted by philanthropic and other ELittBILIfrYT F APPLlCA-NrS. ising favor to any locality, to any pri-
extent.. Rates furnished on application, motives,-, decided to build a railroad- A person m-ust e a citizen of Florida -vate or corporate interest,.or toany-pars
REMITTANCESshouldbemadebyCheck have greater faith in thenew movement ter, but we do think that any Floridian through a country calledthe wilderss for sixmonths past: must be a famer, ticuar organization and which, on the'
Postal Note, Mney Order, 6r Registered than they may have indulged in hereto- who intends to send a son to some insti- They said it was for the purpose of de- farm laborer, mecihanui., country school -pitin.edenc
Letter, to order of- cotiy pledged its independenceA in
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, fore. There is no State in the Union tution of learning within the State, veloping the resources and to stimulate teacher, county physician, or minister all things, musr stand on itsown merits.
Jacksonville Fla that may be benefited so much by the should inform himself in regard to the and encourage business. of the G(ospel: must be of good moral Its vigorous growth under such circum-
meiso.hscr g g a It may have been on account of the ?haracter. believe in the existence. of a stan'es and the innumerable expres-
work contemplated in the Hatch bill as merits of this college before giving an- excellent motive underlying the enter- supreme being, be of industrious habits. ions oc appr- al whi h have come from
TABLE OF CONTENTS. 9ro ais
TABE OF TETS. Florida, and her people cannot do them- other the preference. Let him visit the prise or it may have been for some other a wlite pereoin. and over the age of six- all iqu .rtis. prove cuncluivelv that this
selves abetter service than by working college. He will find it situated in a reasonthat thesemen, although wealthy, teenyears. Art. IV, Sec-1. Constitution. jouinmal his met a p,,,ular need, and that
s T for an ealyCongresional appropriation beautiful and healthful region. Hewill built theroad at the expense of the If the applicant is eligible under the a !eat future is assured t it simply by
Guava Bushes; Cassavahand Oranges; Roads o dwellers in the wilderness, who' were above section, but has other interests fellow ng the lie of p,_,cy thus far
throughoggy Land illustrate ; The New in order that the work maybe com- find the president and faculty to be men very poor. that do not harmuize rith a ee:folloinultureg puru ed .e p hu far
Cereal "Teff"; Hay in Leon County. menced at an early day.-- In tAe usual in whom any parent would have perfect When the road was completed the the Alliance iq at libeiity to receive oi e FARER AND F'atr-Gsowua
SECOND PACE.-A Fine Frait Orchard; Good routine of Congressional work the ap- confidence. He will find appliances for owners thereof held a meeting to appoint reject. Art. IV. Sec ". ('yntlitution. mal iT ap.ARIR AND FRet r-RowhicR
~~~~~~~~~~~~a man to manage it. Now among the Each Alliance must be~the judge as t0 aei- peru,. tatm h
Food frr Grapes; Advice to Peach Growers; propriation would not be made till about teaching the sciences not equalled else-m ay man to manage it. o N wa a m the EachAlliance must ethe judge as to mavIetiterumed theiturning I tPint the
B irly Tomatoes; Planting IrishPotato Vines; c o t s b a s e w i t Sae and th s a to appicants for this position was a Mr. the eligibility of an applicant under Sae trial histui r.-It wa to e
Paper'Covers for ColdFrames. the lose of the e but a s ef- where the tate the sa asto Screwemup, of whom it wassaid that he the two sections quoted above, but all hie a iveice tea1 new pop-
TaIRu PAGE-Tobaccoin Florida; Coco or Nut fort will be made to have it includedin agricultural instruction. A little later, was very smart, and moreover that he applicants must first come under section thia tasntieand givevt ti oanewpop-
Grass; The Manure Supply; How to Turn the "urgent deficiency bill." The Secre- as soon as the agricultural station fund had seen a railroad before. So they ap- one above .quoted. : si] AciiznofoneftLhscuth-
Under Grass, etc. tary of the Treasury will recommend becomes available, agriculture will be- pointed himn to the position, duly in- See the following ruling from Pres. Mt n ties writes to the eitor Itis
-' stalled him in it and went their way, as- Macune : tin-ethatonewidspwriters t he madeo: 'I in
FOUTaH PAeE-The Experiment Station Fund; this in his report, and the farmers bof the come the leading subject of instruction, during him that they would return on "Any person employed in merchan- tid[e that ne departures ae made in
State Agricultm-al College; Second to None; country, having become well posted, Meanwhile there are excellent facilities the 13th of December at which time the dising, either as proprietor or clerk, tI :lld systems -tof arming ia Florida.
New Nursery Catalogues;hpdStoryaforwtheh.....a' ... Intelligeftrileew mfacidsewlis 1 oD bTwlierk
New Nursery ataogues; A Story or the will :appeal to their representatives in for instruction in chemistry, geology hoped he would be able to giv, a good even though he may at the same -time Irteliget new methods willpay. That
Times; The Farmers' Alliance; The Alliance a m a a o bace account of his stewardship. own and conduct a farm i.s by virtue expresses the spirit of the times and the
in Other States. person and by letter and memorial. This mathematics and other branches-of a had Mr, Screw- ofsch iendere.] sentiment which this journal has advo-
Whenthey bad departed Mr,' Screw- of such emplc,.',uent, lenderedinehiyible-.eienwichtijorahaad-
byletermatemaics henhey deprtedempoymntInelgibe ated and sought to build up on ihesub-
.FIFTH PAGE-Ounr Cosy Corner; Answers o is just what the farmers and fruit grow- liberal education. The pupils are neatly emupput his office in order, and in doing to membership in tlie Subordinate beidies red and sought to build up on thesub-
Correspondents; The Family Friend; Our ers of Florida should do. Let every one uniformed and are about to have the so he found they had left him plenty of under the jurisdiction of the National tatial basis of facts and experiences.
.....tonr ndaparofpn As evidence that rho FILR R AND
Young Folks' Corner; The Family Exchange. who has personalinfluence with any one advantage of military drill: This is an stationery and a pair of pincers. Farmutrs't, Alliance and ('Co operative Un- FRUIT-GROWER has te cordialsupportof
SIXTH ..PA1GE-AnimqI Parqites:Study Yourof ourn n f e Now Mr. Screwemup felt that he had ion of America Provided, the above the most iurelligenr and progressive cit-
SIX P Animg Par Study Yo of Or representatives in Congress bring excellent feature, being conducivetoa reputation tosustain and ahough his sha t apply to members of the A ien it is sugcient to refer to its large
So te; Feeding C. in",Milk; Poltry in -that influence to bear now in this mat- health, discipline.andmanly deportment. employers had sail the railroad was for liance wh may e selected to buy and an s able body of cnt to refeibtor its largeis-
South Florida Wieettin CuClosellany ( y. stra ter. Let farmers' clubs and neighbor- A room and bedstead are furnished the development of the country, he knew sell as merchants, under the supervision ing a hundred or more of the best agri-
Serial Story, the World at War," by hoods send inmemorialsurging a speedy free of expense, as well as tuition, and they would not be satisfied unless he of the Alliance;" .cuturaersidaaman
w 1 -cultural writers in Florida and many in
'should have some money to place before See pai'agraph A, Section 7, Article other States, among whom are such vet-
Waerial t te by appropriation for carrying out the pro- other expenses are-moderate. themon the ir return. IV.. Naionaittion also see era writers as Dr. Pniel Lee, of Ten-
EiGHTHa PAGE-State- News in Brief; Freight visions of the Hatch bill. The indifference and apparent aversion In this frame or mind he took his po- Constitution of Texas State Alliance ; era wrtrs a Dr l Lee, of Ten-
on Oranges; The W-l Florida Fair; rTLe N,,w Gentlemen, you have sent these fellow which the people of Florida manifest sition atone end of the line, and as he also Article IV, Section 1, oftheCon- n6se0; Dr. D. L. Phuares, of the MissisA-
Parengr~aes;Deembr 1~nbr led; o t rere-looed t, e awlastitArtione for ,Subrdnte ianc1 fte.Cn-sippi Agriculturil C~o~llge: Hon. A. N.
ParLsengerates;De,..:-ter WraherR,:.; citizens of yours to Congress to repre- toward theiragricultural college is based looe ously along it, he saw a stiution for Subordinate Alliance. Cole, of New York: J. K. Hoyt of New
Late Market Reports. Sent and serve you, and it is yonr privi- Upon misapprehensions and prejudices nickel sticking fast in a crack in one'of The eligibility of civil officers to Jersey, besides several represenra.ves of
at eteo sent and serve you, and it is yourprvi-_upon misapprehensions and prejudices me*l*an -^ S Jersey,'toira besdes svrl ersenaivso
9 the ties. It wasa coin of most melan- membership depends on their personal the Department of Agriculture.
THE" EX PERIMEN.T STATIoN FUND. lege and duty to tell them what laws which at another time we intend to show choly aspect, being scarred and twisted, attributes; tat is, if before election toa c t re
.THE EXPERMENT STATIONFU.ND. ^ s ^ m^ S butedi;d^ ou that is.i before e^y' g l-eiong to^ e ^^ resent
ylu Want passed. Some of them 'may: to be wholly unreasonable and without and showing many signs of baring been office, they were eligible by being- a An consderabletaccession to the Diand
n ou is 7 u 9 t a think theydischarge their duty to con- foundation. In the near future, with several times wrenched out of very tight farmer, farm laborer, etc, and if, on narosat otraive urswi e ad
In o issue of June 22 there was places with some such implement as a the expiration of the term for which various attractive features wil beadded;
given thefull text of the bill for the stituents by sending in their addresses to theexperiment station asan adjunct, this pairof pincers, they ar e elected it is evident that they latest market reports wiln be publigrowers the
given he~ful textof thebill or thepair oFpincrs. thynareelecte itangevidetothattheye
maintenance of experiment stations in the Government seed-shop. Let them college is bound to become the educe- But Mr. Screwemup was certain it was will engage in farming, etc., they may durntmhesseasonrtofswlesp Arrase
alin thSten ance of expe ari nt ntstations in ow that they have higher obligations tional centre of Florida, for the farmers legal tender; neither had he any doubt be eligible. Th efact that they hold a during the season of sales h Arrange-
toprfii, n ha t hywiht- e A el s- that it was his legitimate prey So he civil office does not, of itself, render hue nNwYrPiaepiBs
SidaLegislature relatieto it, together topertm, and that if they wishto s- as well asthe sons, and to become a n New or a ph
cuda Legislature relative- to %- togetheretp'rushed upon it, wrenched i' out with his them ineligible. The question mubt be tou, Baltimore, Chicago and St. Louis,
with a sketch 0he life o Hon. Win. cure your vote again they ,must earn it power in thee State's educational and pincers and secured it. It looked sadder ttedby know o ton, Baltimore, Chicago and St Lous,
h astch the leading advocate of the with something besides hand shaking material advancement., now than before and had an add eionhl o t to send such reports by telegraph on the
H. Hatch, the leading advocate of the and fair promises. This institution is voung, but it is well n er d at 0N BALLOTING, veof publication. Every farmer and
a hsisiuini onbti swelsar upon it, yet Mr. S. rejoiced greatly eve of "ulcto.Eeyfre n
bill. with his portrait. Since then we i vs at ,e had captured it When two or more black balls appear fruit grower, and every housekeeper as
biliha hise portracial Siernce to hen we *? eqipe o an advanced course of edu that he had captured it.
have made no special reference to this dSTATE AGRICULTURAL C e -equipped for aA bystander i(weshall call him Junius in voting, the candidate is rejected, well, may be sure that Volume 1 will
S T A T E A G R IC U L T U R A L C O L I G. a d C n o g i nb.o s d rdEn i e w r h o h Ea y ti e h r c o
subject, it being one not of immediate -" .cation, and those attending now receive who was attentively watching declares and cannot again be considered until be worth to him many times the priceof
interest oing to the failure of Cogress W more attention, erha, than if the at- moat positively that he distinctly saw a the expiration of six months, subscription. This journal is devoted to
interest owing to the failure, of Cfoigress Why is it that Florida's Agricultural ""*p^ii T'Should .the Alliance know that a Florida's industrial advancement, and
Wltendance were much larger. There are dollar, a bright, smiling, unfettered dol- Should the Allance knov that a Florida's industrial advancement, and
to provide the funds for putting the hill College, with all that has been expended s of yu .n lar, rolling about upon'theearth directly member voted from inpure motives, said it deserves the support of every pro-
in operation. Meanwhile the leading for its maintenance, has done -noting thouad young men In Florida who between Mr. Screwemup and the nickel; member would be subject to trial and gressive citizen.
friend operti. meanwhle tha e leanding for iagrinulteae, a sd dte nor -thinhave -acquired the rudiments of educea- and he furtherassert.i that in his splurge such punishment as the Alliance may With this change of form of the
friendsofthemeasurehavebeendiscuss- for agriculture and but little for educa- tion in country schools. and are now after the nickel Mr. Screwemuptrampled inflict under Art. I. Sec. 2of the Con- FmEtR A m FRUIT-GROWER the only
Sing the means of making it most effect- tion? This isa question whichmost of toro ea thedollarinto the earth, and it-J'isap- station. But in this matter the Al- objection that has been urged will be
likely to grow up mentally crippled h o lainotearhaditisp
ive, and have been laying plans to secure our readers have asked and which we p. eared from sight and for the time being lance should be very careful, and no removed. There has been much dissat-
an appropriation ely in the present have frequently wished to d us edito- throughignorance of many branches of ceased to be a ciiculating medium in the one has the privilege of questioning the isfaction w;th the "newspaper form,"
se ssion rao e n h t ha f l w e knowledge which largrosadd to men'i wilderne vote of another : and to attempt to as- and without doubt hundreds have failed
session of Congress. really. \Ve have preferred to be silent "erne-s1 certain how a member voted, would tosubscribe because in a journal of this
sources of enjoyment and means of use- Nown, ,Juiu wa's much perplexedd at render such person subject to expulsion, class they wanted something in ibook
Owing to the fact that the fund pro- rather than speak without full knowvl- fulnessand advacement. Thse youths reaction of Mr. Serewemup. forhesays The President. at the obj opening of each form," clat could Sbeomfied handilyan dbook
vided for by this bill, amounting to edgeof the institution. We knew little need the training that this ouths llege at- he could see that tuenickel would event- h m eeting of de Ait tance, should read the bound fat could be f ied handily changd
$15.000 per annum for each State, is to of it and had come to regard its ineffl- ually fal out of the crack when theobligation. aD assured, and furthermprove-
be expended under direction of the agri- ciency as due to mismanagement and t odand w, adi a oc orweather became driy enough and that b WA WILSON is w e ad r rio e
ford, an weadvie al wh cancom-t OWAL WILON, men ts w ill be made i n proport idn to the
cultural colleges, there has been great lack of proper educational faciditi. Re- ffl to apply at once for there a inclined e from w Pres. F. S. A of Florida. journal's growth .
admission, and, if there be no obstacle it. wuuld fall to the till of the railroad MParrNA Fla., N;v..'2 1887. The proprietors have made arrange-
apprehension that it would be diverted cently wve have taken some pains to ,m. aduBln ~J rtlr f o al ^l ^o ^.0t bod IIRKNNA Fla., N.-,v. 2-, lks7. The proprietors have made arrange-
apprehension that in would he diverted gently wre have taken some panos to in the way, to enter at once upron a col- m uanagei. Si, according to his view Mr. ments by which they will be enabled to
in great, measure to their use, and as po.ve ourself on thissubject by obtaining ;S t e n co ul vei^ywell ave given al his time
ingrthey serve in but small degree the pundr- all printed urself on this subject by obtaining leb course withbthe beginning of the and attention to an effort to capture the The Alliance in Other States. supply,at a small cost, a superior binder
they serve in but small degree the pu'r-- all printed reports relating to it. and by L-n teto oa fotIC atr teo CWoaycvr nwihtenm
pose for which they were established it making a visit to the college at Lake year or at the commencement of the sec. dollar, which he seemed never to see. We observe that President Wilson has bers may be paced as received and be
has been feared that this new fund Citye ond term. In due time the owners of th-tailroad advanced the Alliance standard into the kept as securely and in nearly as con-
has been feared that thi new fund City. assembled, and Srewemup dew borders of Georgia, andithat the Georgia lenient shape as if in a bound volume.
would be used largely or the purpose o On the southern utskit of that pretty NEW NURSERY CATALOGUES folith and laid betoe them the coin hle brethren have a department. set aside for At the end of a year, the completed vol-
literary instruction, town we found the building and handss o f had captured. He also laid before them them in the Florid a Alliance. Concerning ume with index may be bound in regular
The agitation of thisquestion since the thecollege. The college building is co- Wea lucid account of the manner in which the progress of the other States we learn form, and the cover used as before for
Theagita.ThecollegebuildingisCOM- We have just. received the very at. he had secured it. and many columns of the tollwing from the Times-DDemocrat: the succeeding volume.
passage of the Hatch bill-while there modious and neatly finished, though not tractive catalogues of E. Duhois' San figures by nhich-he proved that every The Louisana Farmeis' Union is gain- Desiring to commencdthe new volume
has been nothing to do except to agitate well constructed. In thesame inclosure Luis and Andalusia Vineyards and crack and crevice all along the line had ing strength throughout our country with largely increased subscription list,
~~been searched but no coin found in them. pai-ishes, having almost qurdrupled in the floigofri'aea pca
it-will result in much good both to the is a dormitory building,and the grounds Nurseries ear Tallahassee, and of H. L. Heen also submitted buta volum coin fous docu- them. parishes, having almost quadrupled in the following offeriamade as a special
fu u e e p r m n.tt o s a d t th ha e inducem ent: Each subscription to the
future experiment stations and to the have recently been laid out and planted WheatleysAtaontoNurseries, located ment compiled by himself b which he A convention was called to meet in FAiEmeR AD FRh bscription to theopa-
present agricultural colleges, for the to shrubbery. Back of the dormitory is at Altamnonte, ( range county. proved that. "times were dull," and that Topeka, Kan., for tepurposeoforganiz- nied by two dollars that received be-
popular demand is growing louder for a handsome wooded park not belonging Prof. Dubois' success in viticulture has it was owing to the dullness of the times ing a Stare Farmers' Alliance, teen the 15th of November and the 1st
reform and against perversion of appro- to. the college. South of the college become well known. and we presume head secured so little money. But he President Burrows is getting the de- of January, will be dated so as to expire
priations from their legitimate pur- grounds or -campus" is the farm, con- will have large demand for his vines and intothe earth or what its probable e l- work aranged. e has publhed an rive at the end of the year 1888. The same
poe.tmn'bu ce fclial wieriHscaalgulesrigsser itote'arhoxwatitnroabeefdwrkanage. thhsoubiseea pivlgeitxtnedtoths gttngu
poses. trainingg about 45 acres of cultivable wines. His catalogue describes sixty feet in the times might have been if it announcement that he will soon issue clubs. Thus it will be seei that those
On the 18th, 19th and '20th of October land, it being rolling hammock of good varieties of grapes, and contains a pbice hadbeen left atliberty toroll about. We the proceedings of the last National who subscribe first will get the most for
last a convention was held in Washing- quality, and but partially cleared. With list of these and of four kinds of wine presumep he didenot know). Alliance meeting iti pamphlet form and their money. Each one whi rubscribee
ton City1 which was attended by the the appropriation made by the last Legis- manufactured by him, namely: Claret, Hisnemployers expressed theii satisfacpgv itwiarde hdistribuat T EAxcu- before Ci stmas wreeW e frot eachopne
presidents ot agricultural..colleges and larure the lands have been substantially Port, Hock and Sauterne. confidence in his abilities. They passed leave nothing undone that is withintheir entsubscriber will'tell his neighbors of
directors of experiment stations, repre- fenced, a barn-has been built and a cot- Mr. Wheatley's stock comprises a full a vote of thanks to him f. r having cap- power to do to make a great record this offer, and make some exertion to oh-
senting twenty-eight States. The ohb- tage for a farm superintendent. With line of the fruit trees~adapted to thisaand ted the ickelpand aid that while next year. Let every one of us lend our tai new subscriptions.
jets of the convention were the discus, the expenditures and the purchase of adjacent Stares, aedsconsiderable num- pteyshd expectedranived w ould tha ey even ai n er tir eof the work a an
sionof-the Hatchbilltadtheeffectingof some implements, live 'stock, etc., all be: of ornamental trees, shrubs, etc. He looked upon the figures before them as member of the Alliance, and every right Bermuda Onon Seed. "
a permanent. organ-zation, which is but,$500 of the appropriation has been offers the Unshia orange and many other abundant proof both of Mr. Screwem- of the farmer is recognized and is se- Eyery garden should have'a bed of
up's capability and the estrenne dullness cure. he~ve'f gaden sous eldrhae'danbd ofa_
-stylods The Association; of American' used.. This sum must. su~ffce forall the. kinds of recently introduced oriental of the times, and .these wealthy men The Allance in, the South- is going in a',lry loft they wiosk.ell fdr a year.-
StareAgriultura llegeslend.Exper-. farm work that is done next year, and it fruits. We observe in this catalogue, lifted up their voice like a mighty howl forward quite as rapidly asit, isat the My stock ofseedl nowS 'hs- dipaport'
meojt Statos. The-membershitp and is the first money that has been availa- and also in that of A. 1 Beach & Son'sd and said, "Times are dull," andit was North. Texas itilt mamtains her suprem- i September lst is fthe quality,
objects of thia.ssociatiob may- be un-. ble for farm work. : nursery at Palatka, a new pomegranate heard overall the land, and every-man acy as the banuerAlliance State of the Seed may be sown in .Tanuaij nd'imake
f The Lnited States rund, it, should be; called Spanish Ruby. If thisbe not said to his neighbor "Times are dull." nation. The co-operative feature of the good onions under'faidrabie.ddndition..
derstood fromd itstitle.- It, cannot fail Bi ntdSae ud isol e aldSans uy fti en t t 6laly a few of them associated the Texas State Alliance is proviugmnostJawAbTurx,-
to exert a most wholesome influence^n remembered, can only be used for ex- identical with the pomegranate sen'us dullness of the times tith the absence of beneficial-to the farmers' interest" .'+ .- '"'S-Jford,:r -
theagricul-ural interests of the country, penses of instruction, and if little or- no by Mr. Girardeau, the name of Ruby the smiling face'of'the dollar which Mr. President Macune and Scretary. E.. B.-'. -: ..'i.-;-' .,- -" i- "-."
especially in giving proper, direction to agricuitw'al work has been' done here, it pomegranate which we proposed for that S. had trampled 'into 'the mud in his Warren have greatcause for cougratula-. Wih tw. if-Wltifh '.yn-iw an'd
thei]ew system of..' experiment .stations, is beci~use our Legislature has not ippro'luo us.fiu.t .. ... ..Mroewieteonr ..' n'ilne t'es oi aste to get the nickl~e, of thi 'ion upon their success. "I= ;"= .. is 'adJ7 .-
i^r T 6 1 0 6 ^^ ^moa p o 'l scious frui t w llnee n at 'mest a m odi- oreo e "whi e heow ners of this ci n "P .h i "uce 8 m 1 ; .. m _l==: wad? ? ,.,!011 mI m ; mm
1r1U also:'becomn- a *leding influence priat'd the necessary- money. 0- E ying prefix. for example. Florida Ruby road wererstill inr-session, one of them -IThe sccessfnItraBlan-pingof.dar ^.'"The Sunn; Bdktlr hs'a Bfe'-teai".'ny
-.i bringing about a general jareform--al- a to th president, and facu.f- the or Girardeau'sRuby. .Butall such ques- heard the s.ory as related by Junius, and .palms over one-hudre~dyars oldpsays :bridle andusaddlatoitarnefboy ;irrg who
ready well begun-in the, management college, they ire tculhtreli add scholarly tions of identification andnomenclature tsre to.his tiqaidly) mentioned the mat- .thes-'St. Augustio.eaWiee ly.-,lponi-the. .will send in -.eiiatges -nua- D -;:ii.-
+. of agricul~tura! col/legea.i. ~f =- neni,ari~d .t 'is'a.-ytv'both fte~i sake: ah--d=uo ..suld nimiqen ....... oannri "'aecmea--"" *' ot edter to..I nl~associates, whereat wh ae teueney-mt o*aml"gr~unds'tl weoteldeonc"e'deALe-n.:is"anhoeo e mltd ,seri)es~by.. tbe\J'lH '.o)--Jja'x: "
riclt urai colleges ..menandaitisapityabothafo he should be submitted to and d e c u hooted, saysing-"W ho dares presume wn. exampletwe.shopetyAtod srees heulate& by Snend.for sam p o'- i +' laf t
l-prsnHB'o-tisfovefin--eb-^ajrseyotsofFo~ a, htte. thdlrdeuseymnsAscidedo, sy thtblol e olrweebrohrpoet wesi hsct. Adest e cueof(Af,-Alna.a:
the Florida ursery men'sAssociation. -' say-that e could see dollar wher our ~thfr poperty owner in this ccr Addresa the Bunny 8qz ^lh-4tlanh Ga
-r -~- -
I -' 'fl -
-e ;-- ~itts
- *'~ -' .- '; *.. e / ,2~ 2'-a- -. 'K".:-; i- -' "^ s -,; '1
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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. DECEMBER 7. 1887.
our Romf iT f le.
IfELFN HAXICOlURT. Editor.
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,-
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written, and only on
ene, side of the paper.
S" matter relating to this department
should be addressed to
EDITOR OUR HOME-CIRCLE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower;
Our Cosy Corner.
Very Convenient Dressing Cases for
use when traveling may also be made
from gray linen and braid-red blue or
brown-one yard of linen, and either
two bunches of skirt braid or seven
yards of another braid will be required.
Cut two.pieces each twelve inches wide;
one twenty inches long and the other
twenty-four. Round off the top of both
pieces exactly alike for the flap of the
ease when rolled up. Cut two pieces of
linen, each three inches deep by four
long, bind three sides with braid and
stitch on the shortest piece of the foun-
dation in the centre, one on each side,
with the raw edge, which should meas-
ure four inches, on the edge of the
foundation. Cut two flaps, bind them
with braid and stitch on so as to come
over each of these pockets, work a but-
tonhole in each and sew a button on the
pockets to correspond. These are for
sponge or wash-rag and soap. Cut a strip
four inches in length and one and a half
wide, bind and fasten lengthwise be-
tween the two pockets, dividing the
strip into three straps, to hold tooth
brush, nailbrush and small comb. Set
a pocket four inches deep at.the top,
binding the strip with braid on both the
long sides and furnish with flap as be-
fore; this is for hairbrush and comb.
Set on another pocket, three inches deep,
four inches from the bottom of the case,
the top of the pocket to be towards the
bottom of the case. Now lay the twoparts
the cash together. having first bound
the straight end of the long piece, and
- turn the extra four inches up on the
other to form another pocket. the top of
which should just miss touching the top
of the one last set on. Cut an oval piece
of linen eleven and a half inches long
and four wide, bind with braid, and
stitch it between these two pockets, so it
shall form flapsfor them both. Bind all
Sound with braid; sew a yard of braid
on the upper end of the case, directly in
the middle, for strings to tie when it is
rolled up. The case is, of course, much
handsomer when furnished, but this is
not at all necessary. It is also improved
by working in cross-stitch on each
pocket the name of the article for which
it is intended-towel on the bottom
pocket, clothes brush on the next. soap,
sponge, comb and brush, each on their
respective places, and the initials of the
-owner on- the outside of the flap,
where it wiil be seen when the case is
Bed Room Slippers for invalids, for
mothers, or others who may be called on
to riqe suddenly in. the night, are cro-
cheted of double zephyror Germantown
wool in Russian crochet, which is done
by taking the back of tIle single crochet
: stitch, producing a ridged effect.
Make a chain of thirteen stitches;
erochet a straight strip of thirty-eight
rows, cast on twenty-one morestitches in
chain, and crochet as before, narrowing
one stitch in the centre each time for
the toe, until the width is decreased to
fit the toe of the fleece-lined sole to
which it is to be sewed. Join the end
of the strip to the side of the toe and
finish around the top with a scallop. Run
elastic through the open space below
this scallop, and ornament the toe with
a ribbon bow. This size is for a No. 3
A Da'lily Satlhet and handkerchief
combined may be made from a fancy
silk kerchief costing from fifty cents to
a dollar. Foli the kerchief in four, and
in the center :)f one of the squares thus
formed embroider some design-mono-
gram. initial, spray, Kate Greenaway
figure or what. not. This is to come on
top of the patchet when fuished. Now
take a sheet of cot-ton batting. half the
width and the full length of the kerchief.
Pull this open and sprinkle liberally with
sachet powder. Replace as before and
lay on the kerchief, doubling the latter
so as to cover the batting, Sew the
edges of the kerchief together and tuck
here and there with stitches in fine silk,
which mustbe secured, but show as little
as possible. Now work a row of feather
stitching around the doubled kerchief,
and another through trough he middle the
shortest way. Sew ribbons at each end
equi-distant from the corners and tie
together, forming a square, which opens
like blotting book.
Pen Wipers.-A novelty in pen wipers
is in the shape of a traveling rug or
shawl rolled up in a shawl-strap. Take
heavy Berlin wool and cut evenly a
bunch about a finger in length-scraps
of wool can thus be.nicely used.'Around
this straight bunch of wool place a piece
of cloth of the- same width, pinked all
around. About half an inch from each
end put a strap of silk or gold cord,
which thus forms the handle. A glance
at your shawl in itb strap will show you
how the pen wiper ought to look. "
A Card Receiver.-A- :very pretty and
substantial card receiver can be made by
the following direction:.TT e,a common
tin pie plate and-iaint it 'black with as-
phaltum paint. Aftbr itis dry ornament.
with gilt paper and scrap-book pictures,
then put two coatsi.:of transparent- var-
nish over all. Of course other.than black
painrwilli' do, ,. -
THE WESSELS CO.,
WESSELS & CO,
"We've got 'em shuah nuff."
A party of boys from the New York
Children' Aid Society, the same that
sent us last winter two installments of
young candidates for Florida homes,
will be brought to Jacksonville in Jan-
uary, and placed with suitable parties,
whose applications have been previously
received by the editor of Our Home
This opportunity is open to all our sub-
scribers, the conditions being the same as
The Society provides the boys, whose
ages range from fourteen to eighteen
years, with one good suit of clothes and
pays their, fare to Jacksonville, where
the applicants must be on hand to re-
ceive them immediately on arrival, that
the Society may not be put to the ex-
pense of board for them.
Applicants must be provided with ref-
erences as to their fitness for the heavy
trust reposed in them in confiding a
young life to their keeping for at least
one year, if the terms of contract-
verbal -are kept by both parties. These
terms are, on the part of the applicant,
to give the boy a good home, suitable
clothing, and kind treatment in every
respect; on the part of the boy, to work
as directed, but not in the kitchen, in
consideration of the above for one year,.
at the expiration of which period he is'
honorably free to make his own future
We have on hand several applications
made a few months ago, but do not
know-whether the boys arestill de-
sired; therefore these old applications
should be renewed, otherwise they will
Recently received, and on file for Jan-
uary, are the names of the following ap-
H. Von L., Earlton, Fla.; Capt. R. E.
R., Kissimmee City, Fla.; Mrs. D;, Jack-
Now is the time to send in your appli-
Due notice of the date of atrival will
be given, both through the columns, of
the Times-Union and Our Home Circle.
Answers to Correspondents.
A. _S., New York, N. Y; Inquiries re-
ceived and answered by mail, Novem-
T. J., Tangerine, Fla. Your answer
to Exchange received and forwarded.
The Family Friend.
THE "CRACKER COW."
Some-of our readers interested in the
cow question, may .recall the fact that
about twto months ago we received a re-
port from one of our subscribers who had-
acted upon our advice, and invested $15
in a common cow and her calf-of course
the latter "goes without saying"-with
its mother here in Florida. That report
was that the cow, "warranted to give one
pint a day,"' had increased the yield in
two weeks on a little extra feed, to "two
quarts a day and often a little more, and
kept some for her calf." A few -weeks
later the cow had increased her yield to
four quarts, and now it is five quarts,
and we have no doubt but that it will
continue to increase steadily until her
one time owners look on with amaze-
ment at the cow "warranted to give one
pint a day." :
This proves what can be done withthe
.'cracker cow" if kept in sight and not
compelled to forage far and wide for her
own living. A commoncow "kept up,"
fed one quart of cotton-seed meal and
four quarts of bran, mixed in a bucket
of warm water, night and morning, with
plenty of nice. clean fodder of some
kind, and a drink thiee times a day of a
pailful itwo gallons) of warm water,
slightly salted, with one quart of bran
stirred in. will almost invariably aston-
ish her owners by showing what she can
do when given a fair chance.
If each of our subscribers would select
a good native cow (if they can afford
nothing better) and feed it even mode-
rately, independence on the milk and
butter question would soon be the rule
in Florida rather than the exception, and
what a boon this would be every house-
keeper can testify.
From one ofoursiste-rswho hails"-from
over the water." we welcome the follow-'
ing timelv recipes:
AN ENOLISB CHRISTMAS PAiUDDING.
One and one-half pounds flour, 1-i
pounds bread crumbs, 1* pounds suet.
14 pounds raisins, 14 pounds currants.
1 pound syrup. I pound sugar, 2 ounces
almonds blanched and cut small. "2
ounces candied lemon peel, 2 ounces cit-
ron peel, 6 eggs, 4 ounce nutmegs, 4
ounce mixed spices, a small glass of
port wine or brandy if desired: mix all
of the above well together, adding suffi-
cient water to make it the proper con-
sistency; then after filling the basin.
well flour the cloth which is tied over;
boil eight hours, taking care the water
does not cease boiling during the time.
If the pudding is left in the basin just as
it is taken out of the water, it will keep
many weeks, and only needs, when re-
quired. to plunge in boiling water and
boil one-balf an hour.
ORANGE MARMALADE FROM BITTER-SWEET
Slice the oranges very thin, only Jak-
ing out the seeds and core: add to each
pound of fruit '2 pints of water; let this
stand for 24 hours; then boil it until the
chips ace tender; allow this to stand until
the next day; then weigh it and to each
pound of the fruit add 14 poundsof lump
or crushed sugar; boil the whole until
the syrup jellies and the chips are clear;
this will be in an hour or a little longer;
1 dozen oranges makes about '12 to 15
4-pound pots or small jars.
Mix.two tablespoonfuls of arrowroot
to a smoothly paste _witha. little water;
then add to it one pint of boiling water,
with a little lemon -peel and. stir while
boiliig. eBt'" itl.cook '-till quite clear.
Sweeten 'with sugar and flavor with
-line -aid. nutnieg, if iapjroved.- Milk-
may blejused instead of the:wateitiftd.l,
Our Young Folks' Corner. silk cover. Then cut out a circle of card-
DON. board that will exactly fit the bottom of
the barrel; cover and line it, and stitch
Little Don, as Itold you last week, was it on. Hoops made of silk cord or
a bullfinch, a naturally shy, forest-loving chenille are very pretty, or better still
bullfinch, but like all the rest of his race, are narrow bands of grey or copper col-
as true and tender and devoted a lover ored ribbon or tinsel. Even gilt or sil-
of his mistress as any human lover could ver paper will do, gummed carefully on
be, yes, and a good deal more unselfish, the silk.
The bullfinch is so timid in its wild
state that sometimes it actually dies of The Family Exchange.
terror when first caught, but after the Open to all subscribers of the FLORIDA FARn-
first fright is over, it becomes more ER AND FRUIT-GROWER, for purposes of ex-
quickly and readily reconciled to cap- change, and also for sale of home productions or
natural objects, such as jellies, embroideries,
tivity than any bird I know. sea shells, plants, etc. Advertisements and
It has more character, too, and it is answers, to avoid delays, must be addressed to
very comical to see how strong and en- theEDITOR OF OUR HOME CIRCLE, FLORIDA
FARKEP AND FRUIIT-GROwo, Montclair, Flor-
ergetic it is in its disllike to some people, ida.- Each answer must be accompanied by an
and how marked is its admiration for unaddreased stamped envelope, in which to for-
others, and all this usually-' 'counting ward it to the advertiser.
out" its master or mistress, of course- Advertisers will report immediately all trades
out' its master or mistress, of course- consummated, that their advertisements may
the same reason or no reason, given for be withdrawn.
the dislike to a certain famous doctor: NoTIOiE.-Advertisements not receiving an-
swers within two months from date f insertion
"I do not like you, Do tor Fell, will be withdrawn subject to after-renewal, if
The 'eason why f ca.inot tell, desired.
But this I know, and know full well,
I donot like you, Docto. Fell." Will exchange carefully named nur-
And this, no doubt, would be the reply sery stock, orange and lemon, for a
of the bullfinch in most cases, if asked good second-hand single wagon or hbar-
to give its reasons for likings or dis- ness. T. J.
likings, "The reason why I cannot tell." Will exchange a Devon bull,, three
And right here there is one thing I years old, for a fine shea breech load-
want to impress on my cousins. I am years old, for a fine Ishea breech load-
sure that when I have told you about my ing double barrelled shot gun.
dear little Don, with his funny, lovable M, A. B.
ways, some of youwvill want, your par- Wanted to exchange, seeds of cassava
ents to buy you a bullfinch for a pet, so and Bermuda arrowroot ("cassava seed"
I will say this to you very earnestly. If is the cane, "arrowroot seed" the roots),
you are one of the kind who tires of pets for the following nursery stock: Peen-to,
after awhile and turns away from them, Honey and Bidwell peaches, Japan plums
I hope your wish to own a bullfinch will or persimmons, Delaware- or Niagara
never be gratified, grapes, cuttings or plants of roses, and
Why? Because that poor, dependent other flowers afid ornamental plants-
little bird has feelings: it has a heart, or best offer, or cash. .LEE.
and if you teach it to love you, as you Wanted to exchange, eggs for hatch-
can easily do by a little gentle persever- ing of Light Brahmas, Wyaudottes, and
ance, and then neglect to pet and talk to White Leghorns, all pure and of the best
it, and keep it close by you, it will die of strains; also a trio of W. C. B. Polish,
a broken heart. This is true, really and for a garden seed-drill, or nn incubator
honestly. of 200 or 800 egg capacity, with or witlh-
I know of a lady who won the devo- out brooders. E. W. A.
tion of a merry bullfinch, and made a Wanted to exchange, for part Florida
great pet of it for a time, but then be- land, and long, easy cash payments, a
came tired of it, and took no more first-class piano and first-class organ, en-
notice.of it than if it had been a canary tirely new, delivered free of freight
or any other ordinary cage bird.. The charges. Reason for parting with them,
poor little creature would call and call family broken up by death. Also, will
and call for her to come to it, as of old, exchange for land of like value, $86, one
and showed its mournfulness in various dozen books and charts of the best dress
ways. Finally, it would not sing or eat making system extant. A lady can
or drink, and just as its careless mistress make any garment perfectly by its use.
noticed these things, and went to its cage A rare chance' for an agency.. E. L.
to take it in her hand once' more, it I will exchange plants, seeds and em-
dropped over on its back, closed its sa broidery patterns with our sisters of the
eyes, and died of a broken heart right e 'Circle. Will also exchangefor
there in her hand. She never forgave fruit trees, etc.,, other than orange, a
herself, and I don't wonder, for no one good magic lantern, German make, lens
has arighttotrcaLtevenabirdsocruelly, 24 inebes, of rack and pinion motion;
-to win its affection by kindness, then tire, incheszof rack and pinionhmotion;
and neglect it three dozenshdes '2-xl inches, land-
Never, never for et, dear i scape and comic; diameter of pictures
bNi, de f emy dea cousins, shown, from eight to ten feet. Valued
that animals and birds have feelings, and at $15. Manual of 138 pages included.
that they can be wounded in those feel- Packed in. two strong boxes.
ings-by ill treatment from those they ..cked w w W. J. N.
love, just as you can yourselves. .
I told youlast weekhow the bullfinches For sale, crochet trimming, feather
are taught to pipe tuues, in such a clear edge; infants' sacks, bands and socks;
flute-like.voice that it isa delight to listen linen tidies; bureau sets, 5 pieces; flannel
to them; but of course, some of the birds, skirts:splashers; felt tidies; lambrequins;
like people. learn more readily than oth- bibs; doylies; table scarfs; cushions;
ers, someonly catch partof a Lune, others stand scarfs; table covers; panels, ric-
learn the whole, while others again are rac yoke; shawls; shams. Send for full
so quick to copy that they are soon able description and prices. Address A. B.
to repeat twoor three tunes. Of course, Will exchange one cart saddle in fair
these accomplished birds are expensive, condition, for a pair of either wagon or
for their teachers must be paid for the stage hames. J. S. P.
time and trouble expended on their edu- Wanted, to exchange, strawberry
cation; the stupid ones are comparative- plants (the Wilson) for three or four
ly cheap, and, I am sorry to say, quite dozen young hens, from one year to
plenty. eighteen months old, or would purchase.
Don was not one of those stupid ones. Address E. H. T.
He had learned his two tunes and one
bar of a thiud, and it was evidently a Wanted, to exchange for Florida farm
source of great mortification and regret or grove, a house nd lot in the city of
to him that he had only caught this Hot Spriogs, Arkansas. Lot contains
much and no more of the third air, as I one and one-half acres; a well-built, four
will tell you by and by. roomed house, with a good well of
He was a very handsome fellow, sym- water; plenty of good shade trees, also
metrical in form, his eyes bright as dia- fruit trees, grape vines and stable. Hot
monds, and the daintv'colors of his well- Springs has a population of 10,000 to
fitting suit of clothes set him off finely. 1- ,00, with two new railroads about
The velvety black, rosy red and delicate being built, and surrounded by a fine
lavender grey blended so beautifully to- mining districtD.DF. C.
gether that they made up the very'per- Would like to exchange grade Jersey
fiction of a bird-costume. cattle for half-breed Clydesdale or Per-
There was one particular bird store cheron stallion under four years old.
in thegreat city where I used to livethat S.
I always went to when I wanted birds or Wanted. Home's Hybrid, Honey.'and
bird supplies, and I often looked in there Bidwell's Seedling Peaches, in exchange
just to watch the birds and their funny for gentlemen's clotbh slippers, prettily
ways. stamped, with materials for working;
I went in there one day just after I also canvas slippers, handsome table-
had lost a favorite canary. I wanted a border of sage green cloth, and many
pet but not another canary. other articles. List sent on application.
Looking around, I stopped in front of ALAOBEIA.
a row of little cages, each one occupied How many common goats will some
by a bullfinch. I stared at them and one give for a nickel-finished Forehand
they stared at me with utter indiffer- & Wadsworth seven-shot, '22-calibie re-
ence, all. that is, except one; near the volver? Cost when new. $11; present
middle of the row one pretty fellow value, $5. F. H. F.
hopped off his perch, came to his door,
and tLere puffed out his feathers and Will exchange Seaside and Lovell's
bowed himself "up and down and all pocket edition) novels, Allen Quarter-
around" in an astonishing wty. I spoke main, King Solomon's Mines, Witch's
to him, then he rubbed lis feathers on Head; also some by Ouida and other
the bars, and began to whistle a tune authors, for others in same libraries.
and dance about in an ecstacy of de. Lists exchanged. Books in good condi-
light. tion. A. C. F.
Well, you can guess what came of Wanted-Confederate money and post-
that, can you not? Of course I carried age stamps, also all kinds of old postage
that cunning little fellow home with stamps in exchange for Haggard's "She"
me, and how he behaved after that, we and, "Allan Quarterman,' and other
will see before long. books. Address, Collector.
iTo be continued.) I wish to exchange NOB. 24, 29, 83, 35,
of the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUnT-
A clOaR BARREL, GROWER, for Nos. 2, 8, 5, 6, and 27. Ad-
1. BA-E" address, B. T.
usT is something odd ndpretty and I have several hundredsof wellgrown
b oar g .d ceed with s lk an d le wari budded orange trees, from one to two
satee jus tohe very pres to mak or inches in diameter, alsosour trees, which
th pa wh soke Ic s would exchange for peaches, vines,
epadepa wo s nes .egars, as most -etc.. or live stock of any sort. I will
au tout t wee sv ofc cda also exchange good English saddles and
fouatr han the staves, o lt ar coear n bridles tor peach trees, vines, etc., or
wide in the middle and tapering sigteiy live stock of any sort. J. K.
towards the ends: look at area barrel. I will furnish rooms on the Ocean
stave and you will.get the idea; cover beach at Sea Breeze, opposite.Daytona,
each stave with silk on the outside and in exchange for labor in carpentry, in
sateen on the inside; the way to do that orange grove, or in gardening. Would
is to cut a piece of each just enough like also to exchange shells of small
larger than the stave, to let it come even size from this part of the coast fbr
with the edges of the silk. and sateen shells of other and distant localities. Ad-
turned in, then- ew.themo e and over.' dress W. F.S.. S .
When all ai'e-doffe, eew thni etgethler I? I -wouli like to ckchange pure bred
awitlistrohig;ilk, in niceeven stitches, of Plymouth-"Rocks for pure bred Light
a color that will contrast well-with the. Brahmas, or would exchange strawberry
P. F. WILSON,
Choice Field anad QarNl osen s
- sALSO ..
r'^' ir-~ir AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.-
.- "Fifteen Hundred Bushels Flor-
S. ida Rnut Proof Oats
ROCKWELL & KINNE
SUCCESSORSS TpO NICHOLS, ROCKWELL & CO.)
Hardware, Cutlery, Tools, Guns, Ammunition, and Fish-
ing Tackle. Sporting Outfits a Specialty.
Stoves, Tinware & House Furnishiug Goods
SOLE AGENTS FOR THE. CELEBRATED
CHARTER OAK STOVES AND RANGES.
S. WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE FLA.
SASH, DOORS AND BLINDS, BUILDERS' TOOLS AND HARDWARE, PAINTS, OILS
"AND VARNISHES, ETO,, ETC. -
ESTABLISHED 1875. -EST
3'; X3 =-AL. W9
Commission Merchant and Forwarder.
Waycross R. Wharf.
: JACKSONVILLE. FLA.
Wayeross R. R. Depot,
I have inn stoek and toan ire ,'.,t" Bangor I.'rng- Boxes, 50000 Gnm and Poplar Orange
Boxes, fJ2.0'0 Orange Box Headdc, 760,i)( Orange Box Hoops. 6,, S & ieams Orange Wraps.
SIZERS, TRAM OARS, ORANGE CLIPS, LADDERS,
and other Growers' Supplies, all oft which nvi be so'd at the Lowest Possible Hates.
I harte thb rc-rv best liaities for the disbutlon and sale of oranges. Consignments elicited.
cerd for Ste't.ll,',"'ar,:ulars and Price Lists.
EXCELSIOR ORANGE FOOD
Tnis fertilizer is the most perfect Orange F.jcd Ln the market. It contains all the ingredients
ne-de.- by the Orange Tree, In their proper proportions, viz: Phosphoric Acid, Potash, Calcium
and Azote, in three forms and from four different sources.
(- 1' rT.Tfl- -
F. 0. B. shp or rai in Charleston ........ .... .00
F. 0. B. ship or rail at Ja ksonvtille ....................... ....... 26.00
F. 0. B. ship or rail, Sanford or Enterprise ............ 26.50
Apply to 0. DE 0. BERTOLA, Proprietor. Enterprise, Volusla Co., Fla.
ROOT ROT, RUST. DIE-BACK AND SCALE
treated by 0. DB G. I ERTOLA, who has had 85 years' experience in the groves 6f Iraly, pal ,
Britih India and Florida. Consultations, written or verbal, free.
MTsO c:OTI-EE, TWO P'.A.-Y.
AflMOtOX T3f e CO' S
Absolutely Pure Animal Matter-Guarahteed Analysis. "
BONE AND BLOOD
Ammonia, 7 to 7f per cent. Bone Phosphate, 25 to 80 per bent. Equal to Phos-
phoric.Acid, 12 to 14 per c -nt. '-. -
PULVERIZED BONE. ,.
Ammonia, 3 to 4 per cent. Bone'Ph~ bate, t ., er ent. Equal to Phos-
phoria .,, .. .....
_. .-.- .. .. -
See that our name-*-and Shield -T* e( klr iton every Saek' "Aieee and
"." A S lt tarn'le d a ipp lela on t r :" .'". f .
'O... 1 ii w'd "' ARMOiUB& CO., Jaekon*'ivlle, h iA
WEIGHT AND ANALYSIS IA.R-tiD ON BACH SACK
-' ~t-1~;-~ -
'ict-A- .-tN'-.Q--%e'. .4
plants of the Florida Seedling variety--
the earliest and best berry for Florida-
for Wyandottes. Address C. H. W. -,-
Wanted, to exchange pure extracted
Palmetto honey, in five gallon cans or
demijcahns, value $4, for correctly
named budded nursery stock in variety,
or fine poultry., l. G. B.'
Would like to exchange white and
double pink oleanders for the double
crimson, yellow and willow, .or any
other varieties of the same. Mrs. L. S.
Wanted-A spring mattress, also six
electro-plated teaspoons; ,offered in ex-
change. black velvet for winter hat or
bonnet, and many other useful and or-
namental things toselect from. Box 147.
RECEIVERS O -
218 aii 220 Wilsbiugtl i Streel New Yorkity,
.R i nitran'.e antI A-: o.:.nnt ';la s ent iume.h.
aRt. I ;ii lr g:oidi a p e r- Id. Sten ci an-i Msrket
Rrl..r[s 1"'ni 1rid on atplte t.'n.
FOR SALE IM K DIATELY.
a7,000 to 8,000 Citrus Trees, comprising VHilla rranehn Lemons. Washington Navel
and Jaffa Oranges, Mostly Le.mons. utm bbe soi. in a lumIp. ,Terws reasonable.
Some one can make money by handling them. Address .: r
-+o m -_x....--_.. .. I. TABER, Glen SI. Mary, Fla.
Glen St. Mn
en~u or. a.llry ..:url.~~ser -e -
FLORIDX FARMER AND FRIUT GROWER. DECEMBER 7,1887.
t rt 4Feeding Cows for Milk. the wire will last a life time. When a
SProfessor L._ B. Arnold, who is con-post rots off, dig down in front of it and
s idredg ah- ri irnall wmtiss r- set a new one reaching a foot or so above
sidered high authority inall matters per- the ground bId nail to the/post with a
ANIMAL PARASITES. training to the dairy,f advises, when milk 20d. nail. When it rots again, put in a
is the object, the following as a prof- new post entire. The boards should be
II-The Bot Flies of Horses, table food'for milch cows : free from sap, and only the bottom one
400Sheep pounds of bran $4.00 will rot very soon, and that can be read-
Sheep and Cattle. 200 pounds of corn meal 3.00 ily replaced.
BY DANIEL LEE, M. D. 100 pounds of cotton seed meal f...................5 If you wish to double your flock, build
Only four species of bot flies will be Total $8.45 a duplicate of what is here described,
briefly noted, namely: the great spotted which gives $1.21 as the cost of 100 but if your yard is by the side of the
horse bot (Qasterophilus equi), the red-
tailedhorse b ot (emorratis equ), the rd pounds of the mixture, or if any or. all present one, it will save one side of a
tailed horse bot (Hemorratis equr), the fSlc^bnrhsatJe ence. You may thin h eswl l
ox bot and the sheep bot ((ETstrus boristhe materials can be purchased at lower fence. You may think the hens will fly
and (Estrus oovis.) o strus boV figures, the cost of the compound will over a five-foot fence. There is no dan-
The neglect of sheep bots if Tennessee be proportionately less. ger of the heavy breeds doing so, but
Thae neledct ofthei epabtseuill Thennessee On the subject of how to feed ground you have only to clip their wings to
has led to their increase until thy prob- rations, Professor Arnold says thatthere make sure, or you can stretch a small
ably kill two sheep where dogs kill one is no advantage in simply wetting wire five inches above the top; then if
in the State. Sheep husbandry has been ground feed to give to cattle. "It is they try to fly over they strike that wire
ca prominent industry in England and quite as well for-them to eat it dry, and and fall back.
Scotland for unknown centuries, and in it is better to feed it warm. When the DOES IT-PAY?
sending sheep to the British colonies in weather is suitable there is some advan- Some will ask whether it will pay
North America, it is quite natural that stage in wetting the hay or straw to be to keep hens here either for the eggs
wool, or flukasites in whethe livercks or licegrubs and the fed, and mixing the ground feed with it. or the chickens. There is one thing
wool, or flukes in the liver, or grubs and Fed in this way the meal and coarse certain about it, and that is that it will
hydatids in the brain should come to fodder go into the first stomach, rumen, not pay unless the proper attention be
infest the flocks of this continent. These together, and all are remasticated. If given to it. No kind of business pays
remarks apply equally well to parasites the meal is fed alone, it is liable to miss without proper attention. You may
in and on swine, cattle, horses, poultry the first stomach when it is not chewed have a few fowls and whether they pay
andLet us suppose that, after the female over again, and hence it is not digested their way or not, it does not matter
Let us supposethat, after their female as soon or as well. One pound of the much, but when you come to a large lot
flies have deposited their eggs in summer mixed food for each 100 of live weight, of them, tnd you put out the money to
and autumn, and died, all the sheep mixed with straw, would be a suitable fence in and feed them, then if they
conthis insect were slaughtered, the bot fly ration for milch cows. If fed to store don't pay you begin to feel it in the
would have to be introduced again or t cattle or dry cows, 25 per cent less meal pocket, a sensitive place. So don't go
wouldState remained to bree introducm this pest. Sheep would suffice.-Southern Cultivator, into fowls unless you design to give
State rem ain free from this pest. Sheep th m t e a te t o o x-c o g v
affected by this parasite, if known, them the attention you expect to give.
might he fed in winter, when the young A good walking team is quite an item yourother business to make it profitable.
never comes from its pupal state, and in nearly all kinds of work. Matched ORLANDO, Fla.
slaughtered without a loss by the opera- teams, so far as appearances go, are very*
tion. This would dispose of indefinite desirable upon the road, but to the aver- Wire Netting.
millions of a bad enemy. A large per age farmer it is more desirable to have TIhe use of wire .is daily increasing and
centage of the sheep with bots in their the teams mated equally in gait and especially in cunfiuing poultry. The
heads die, and are a loss, except a little strength.-Ex. best of galvanized and strong salvaged
wool may be saved. In a country net can now be procured for -I c or less
where no horses, mules, cattle or sheep -. I f per square foot at retail and in any
existed, it is doubtful if any gad flies or f s. -width. Those who use the most are
bot flies could exist. A fly developed in slowly coming to believe that rolls from
the back of a cow near the spine would one to two feet wide are the best in
soon perish if placed by the side of the POULTRY IN SOUTH FLORIDA. every way. Netting three, four or more
maggot of a hot fly in-a horse's stomach. feet wide is net only unwieldy in hand-
nor would the larva of a sheep fly fare IL--About Nests. Yards, Fence ling but it gets out of shape badly while
any better in the birthplace of another being attached to the post and ifter it
species of itsigenus. Materials, Feed, Etc. is in place. If rolls but one foot wide
More pains should be taken to wash off BY A. J. ALDRIOH are used they are put on quickly and
the nits glued to the hairs on the sides .- without trouble, and can be placed three
aos. About the nests for the laying hensw tdh
and legs of horses and mules by bot flies. Forfiftyhenssixoreight nests will be or four high, as necessary. With ducks
This may be easily done by using a cloth will T vo --^. ... and much other poultry two or three f
and a bucket of warm water. In Scot- enough. If you have twenty, you will d .the a oul wo
... .one foot wdth axe enough, while foray
land cattle have been tied by the head find half or tree-fourthsfyour eggs iyoungbrds asingle wdth one-fo r
and otherwise made fast, and a man has two.onrheeniesouts eryonewi ave 1J feet wide will be sufficient to confine
used a sharp-pointed knife to puncture his own ideas about.the nests and can them 'until they are well grown. -In
,grubs tolerably well matured. This op- suit himself. w a ao f such cases it is folly to have a three,
ration must not be delayed too long, or We have our own ideas about feeding four r five foot pen out in the weather
the "wolf" will escape to fight the bat- fowl s If you throw out corn to a lot of W-ere narrow-net is usedWand gapsr
tie of life with a thousand rie es for wlsthewi have ever kernel stowed- '
Swith a thousand rpe eggs for _-.y. ... ... appear between to widths, a willow
ovip osit ln fhe... backs ot i ine. ani- away very quickly. ana will eat too a r w
Sositin tE backs o, it is to be had. A hen needs switch two feet long will hold them
maid.." % ...- .'.... together finely and can be w. ven in
At the season of the year when horses exercise, and she is just like a human together nely and can be woven
At the season of the year when being in this, that she must have an o- (lengthwise of the edges) with no trouble.
are dropping then- excrement and te o nce hertou i her The narrow width especialy ll2-.iinchi
larvae of the hot fly, this manure might ject in vew to induce her to put in hercan be removed and replaced in one-half
be heated by steam in a vat at no great best i fo .it the time needed for-the wider sort, and
expense, so as tu kill al seds, egg and INTHE HENYARD. in the process the saving of mper will
... in the process the saving of temper will
worms, which a good farmer should I would make a yard back of the hen also-be noticeable. Hooks on the post
never plant in field or garden. Steamis house, about 16x20 or even larger, to are fine where the net is removed.
doing many things for mankind of ines- feed in, and would have from six to These hold it as well as nails.-Farm
timable value. Among other services let eight inches of straw or coarse grass, and Home. : "
it kill a thousand species of animal and which is plentiful everywhere in Florida. : ,
vegetable parasites. Not one of these. As the hens wear it out, put in more,O Cull Closelyv
like smut on corn and wheat, and young and when you feed whole grain of any oj ...
gad flies before they ciu fly, can live in kind, scatter it all around in that pen. As soon as parcticable kill all inferior
a temperature of boiling water for any If you get a lot of waste meat and bqnes specimens among our young, chicks,
length ot ftime;-' The`germs'of parasites at the butcher's, chop it -uipfine and never spare a disqualified chick.L
and the eeeds of weeds are about as val- scatter it name as the grain. You need Tf for instance any of your Wyan.-
uable in manure as leon a .pig or .cot fea. anything wi be wasted. They dotte chicks have single combs-kill
on a mare and foal. /. -- w"illfithe .a.-aseed. and in doing so) them out earl-. It matters not how
The organism ihat killssheepby form- they g lt the exercise they need tcLo make ne a single comb Wyaodotte cockerel
ing hydatids on the brain is quite differ- them shell out the e .gs. A fat hen will or pullet may be otherwise-kill and eat
-ut. from every form.of gad fly, while lay.very few.eggs. butt-if she has to put it quickly. Do n(.t let it grow to he
the symnpromsrotf 'gid" or. taggermg in thehard'ldnok';to get br.ep'fteed she'; beautiful in plumage, else you will be
are the came vhe'ther ciuaed by the will uot get"so fa't. aand furthJermore iW tempted to. breed from It-'especialy a
larvee,-of the fly or the sack of a hyda- will keep the hen in good health, pullet, Kill it early. Single comb
tid Both parasites rarely fail to take Every six months orso this yard could Wyandottes 'make good eating. Try
the life ofthe host that supports them. be cleaned out, s6oi,' fresh, dirt put in one.
A Scotch 4'urgeon trepa'nned the skull of andnew straw. The cleaning out will If earlobes are solid white or red-kill
sheep, removed a grub on the dura give you a lot of good material toput on andeatsuch a chick. But'do not eat
mater of the brain, dressed the wound, your garden, and I may say here that it Wyandottes with white or yellow ear-
andthe sheep got well. By what route is quite surprising what an amountur of lobes until fall. Sometimes earlobes
the larva of the gad fly gut inside of fertilizing material you will get from a white or yellow in early months develop
the skull is not told. The germs of hby- proper care of the hen house. It should sufficient red color not to disqualify.
datids, like many others, pass in arte- be kept covered from rains until used. Partial white or yellow earlobes do not
rial blood into the brain, eyes and all Many think hens do better to let them disqualify. Heavily feathered legged
other, organs. Parasitic. wornima from run, but my experience is that they will chicks should be killed and cooked early
flies are too large to follow blood every- lay more eggs, or I might say you will -they make an excellent fry. Black
where. get more egg frunom them if they have a legged chicks may be slaughtered early
-Farmers in New York and Scotland fair sized yard to run in through'the day; in their precious lives.
have long applied tar to the nostrils and If you can let. them out in theopeu fields Any, chick with a deformity of any
faces of sheep to keep away bot flies, for an hour or so just at uight, do so ly kind should Ie mercifully:dealt with-
The worm ascends too high in the frontal all means. kindly but effectually put all such ou-
sinus to be reached without a trepan to For the fifty hens I would make a yard of misery and out of sight. Very few
cut through the bone. 40x100 feet. more or less as you have deformities are noticeable in the pot.-
A few years ago the writer sold a farm room and the means to use. If the yard Howell Cobb in Southern Farmer.
near Nashville to a Northeru man, who could be filled with trees of some kind to The raising of poultry is a payingbusi-
with his father had a fine flock of mut- give them a shade, all the better. It ness, hut many persons are not aware
ton sheep, mainly ewes, for raising fat, would be a fine place for bananas but for that it is the leading industry of our
lambs. They found no'difficuiy in yard- the fact that the hens would eat all the country. The satistical records of last
ing sheep so as to keep out dogs, 6ut 'it young suckers down unless they were .Year show that the amount of cotton
was impossible to fence out sheep killing well supplied with green feed. What- raised was valued at .$410,000,000, hay,
flies. After losing half their flock by ever was in the yard would be well fer- $436,00i.0,0iili; dairy products, *245,000,000
these insatiable parasites, the remnant tilized.- poulty and poultry products, $601,,00(),-
of .sheep were sold, the farm given up I do not propose saying much about 0(,0. An amount of the latter over the
for what was due on it, another dis. the feeding of the fowls, but will say this, largest of all other products, $1,i2.00,-
couraged party returned to the land of that fowls, like us, want and really need 000.-Ex
their birth. all the variety they can have, and there
There are some 600.0i.io,0)0 acres of is no doubt it is very much better to give PEACH HILL NIRSERIES.
land South of Mason and Dixon's line well any soft food you use in the morning, A HLL N E I.
adapted by soil and climate to wool and to give about all the whole grain
growing and stock husbandry, having they will eat toward night. They are ALL TBE NEW VARIEItEe OF PEACHES,
animal parasites as the greatest obstacle always glad to get meat, and it does PLUMS AND PEARS BUTDDED 'N GEN-
to be overcome. them good. The waste meat and bones- ETINE FLORIDA RAIIED TREES.
NaSHVILLE. Teno. '.: _. -from butcher's stalls, ciidpped up fine, "
are excellent. The green bone can be do not send toGeorgia ior mystock and then
Study.Yo.ur Hoise,. -.,- chopped_: floe with a-.hatchet,..and.-it/is. Prect veryI n Frda ',rr.ilara.
Every" faime says- Field and Farm, better than old dr'y bones broken up. w. p. HOrIr E.
should studyaqd have a general knd.wl- ; A D URAkBLE FENOCE. MacCIenny, Fla.
edge-ot th'e mnt'enh structure of The The question of materials for fencing
horse-his greatest helpmate at labor, the hen yard is an important one. Lum- Muck Ten 'ents Per Cord.
He should know and probably does, that her is comparatively cheap here, and it Ten L"lLS
of all the domestic animals the horse has would seem best to use it entirely, but --
the .smallest stomach,, -and therefore 'w.oodrdoeshnot, last long'hetre in contact If you vwih i't get oat muck cheaply get a
should he fed and watered the oftenest. with dampness, and galvanized wire -is i rACK I--CH-NE AND EXCAVATOR.
He should know and probably does,.thar ,not much mope. expensive here than at Forg arteuars address
a healthy, weli-conditioned horse seldom- ithbe Norti. "-Werould advise setting 2x4 H. Ba Hoop,
sleeps more than an hou-at a time and posts eight feet apart and having them OOP,
usualiP does-so with atfllstomach. He five feet from ground to top. Put on a Mcleekun, Fla.
should know and probably does, that a 6-inch .board at the base about two Ar STOC K
horse lays down twice during the night .inches aloive the ground, then a 4-inch WAVV RLY SlTO K FARM,
andshouldhave hay oi':86.nethirg elsiTbp'oiad"^nitrthte topof the posts, and "
to eat between times. His longest and 'iflfl Be -veir-to put a three.inch board TALLAHAHSEE, FLORIDA.
best rest at this season 'fl the year is in the middle. N-ow take the two.inch. Regiatered male "Panic" No. 9420,.A.J. c. C.,
between -the hhours -of- two, and four mesh 0f galvanlzed 18 or 19 wire, four" g. nd-dam Eurotas, who made 7?]bso! bat-.
o'clock in the morning. He adirld'know; feet wide and retch it on smooth and tele monh, heads the herd. Graded
'"' etc "t n s oothand ei' ev art nd l'atir-e 'rrortnig and Work
and dprbabllx d.es.tha.t hori.aeshould' staplewelht:iTheaw.ire'vJ.ill.'cst abbutl' Hon^s. /
sedAom be watered immnediateIjgaeEcensper.square.itoot The first cost to ... SC DE BOS.
feediflg5 ,- ii! rir,;, l~- ',a-i" dyou will be more than the all wood, but ., -; ., ,- -,t -i Pcoprietors;-
,.A- H.A O lAM8y -lA'A IVA THoaw:. *- .,-.:.. -..-,. :,
" ^- ** ..-
200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.
P. J. BEKCKMANS, Proprietor.
The stolik of .
FRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES,
specially grown for Florida, consists of every-
thing adapted to that climate.
Send for Descriptive Catalogues.
[MUSI HOUSE OF FLORIDA.
A. B, Campbell,
Weber Pianos, Haines Pi't- :c, V..-:e Pianos,
Morris Pianos, dough & ira- n Organs,
Wilcox & White Organs, P,?l.-uL,:[t tin-tnt l
Will sell and deliver at your nearest station
XE3STAA-'T.i i M M '-; i 1875..'
GRAIN, .GARDEN SEEDS
VV i .T .T A AM A. 33O-TT:liS,
20 WVest Bai Sareert. Jacksonviille. Fla.
I handle none but the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. My n, t : at, ,c ue will 41E:.O Nt f6 -",,r,.
plication, Also Wholesale P'D.ii i, I .. .. .-
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc.
""STATE AGENT FOR '- :
J. E. 'Tygert & Co's Star Brand Fertilizers.
GUARANTEED ANAXLYSt4I -C')uii-r'lt, ('nr,`l,ere I.an-. Vi.-geabie F.-rnltzcr. PLr5 Gitmin
r-ion, MUlic i a tio P- :-ia h, hrna Pota i. N-rra la. atlit. Etc.
Prices oI, Application -
SI-ELTL POND NURSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS. KELSEY PLUM AND OTHER FRUITS.
Send for circular. (Cr,-'Jli i.ernuta-s soi rt ih .:.'-. 01 Pe-,', L'amiir' -> 1 Flo'rl- n.Id hiri ae
to culture. .1. P. DePASS, A-rirer, Fla :
W --ii [-lt,,l- nu.] :,p|.I.:.,;.i v i-te,- i,:. ithec OTtRANGE :inr. LEMON i'l ithbir Citrus Fruit.
Ai. PEA' _itE.. P EAR., Fh_-,. rh,.. KELSEY PLUMI. PEr't-IMM':i-NS. I;LAVAS. LOQUATS,
rP: Ei,.Ri.ANAr'f.. BA NA A-. PE."AN', frl.I GRAPE VfINES, Fl.:ri..c, Aon..i-, w-l k-i,.) n
V ..r~l l'.t-[!, : ._ i r, C-,i, [,', I,e.' ..: i 0 b, |,:, [ ii cLi [l, d l Ati: ll ,:.l Fl.:,r da.
.-l'uII -.i .1 i.:. I,-- t, --0. 'It HACHER. Malisnger.
...- .ir, M iat':-, FIR
AL FAMONTE NURSERIES.
For less money than any other' house in the
United States. I will ship a Piano or Organ to
any honest man or woman, on trial, and if not
satisfactory, I Vill ,17 Irrei.i.t tL--rb ways. $25
cash and $a in,.t- .., Pa., ar $10 cash- The Leading Varieties of Oranae. Lemo.n a.d dPeach Trees.
and $5 a ionth .--:t, n r.n-i tilt .-,-. for-not
much more than an ordinary rent. On these
very liberal terms anyone can own an instru-' '
meant. Send for FREE CATALOGUE contain- W.,;b;tct.-:n N,,v 0i ,ai*.,-. in..a aiti-,-. Tha Nl:- ,i-rngr,. _"EVERBEAP.RING." ',>,.oe
ing full information. Sheet Music, Strines, e''VM I-.n.iD 'a ti,, var.i P-,n- I. Biw.r. P-n,: nI H..-, ea. P e. A tar- t.t-I.,.K f Kiicl
Violins, Banjos, Guitars, Aecordeons, and,n tlrj "-it-r ir -,r,, t.i.i, m- P Fu. ia-...ji-c b.1 -" BL-i.: PLUM B'F S ltUiA" .mad th
fact, every musical instrument that is made, .EARLY 'WLEI t PLuT5l." ':e O-u>.- .J.au>,3-uu ()rn.-, lU. ui,-, .iju iu it.:.HvL.1, r White
an d at very low prices. Sen d for com plete C at- A rn .it.: -,ni F ,r- aiin 1 F ,-, p. .r P lir,, m ., ,u, .iar.l ,- sl-?. iA 'art r !r ,:,:k >:r ",a-, ', A xe ose
alognes. I have 20,000 pieces of Choice Music Orn.n,,n:,tdl Iraa.d, R.'.- i'. Vtu,:e, Vt.:.a-
at 10 cents per copy. [ --i l ': e da ,i" IItlt i -i-tl a mCi r.tlie, re.:.siaa.n ng, bei& ;__t the ab..v,:, .j.: iL'p[CI-li Ot" ail O he,.l1l and a
Z'ru-t Eiin ny rncr 1r:n fn'i t I "rI--1DM.1 ntnrIii crE e ad a prcP.1 c [oimira.
SA. B. CAMPBELL, H. L. WHEATLEY.
Jacksonville. Altamo.nte. Orange Counti. Florida.
Do you feel dull. languid. low-spiritd, If you bare all, or
lifeless, and ind, :ribably miserable, both her ,:f these symptr
phy6,cally and mentally: experience a fr,:.mr that moii cr ,.
sense 'f ftulin-cs :r bl.atinn alter eating., adies-BliOus En-lpe
cOr .-.( "-":.neues." or cempin-ee of stomach associated 'ith'n byes
in tie morning. tongue coated, bitter or Tee mriore compLicit-
bad taste ia mouth, irregular appetite, diz- come, the greater the
zines-. frequent headacrhes, blurred eyer- of symptoms. No
sight, "'floating npeckis" before the eye.s, has reached, DR. Pt
nerrous prostrariona or exhaucition. irritn- Ic.-L DscovRy wi
bUlirvy of tmp;,epr, hot flushEs, alt,-roatimg according to direct
witt chilly sensations, sharp, bring, tran- leI.u-Ethofrime. Ifmi
sent pains here and there.'cold feet, drow- muliply' and Consu
sineas alter mneal. wakefulness., or dia- Skin Diseases, Heart
turbhd and unrefrsslhing sleep, Constant, Kidney Disease, or
indesc'riballe f-ellng of dread, or of im- are quite liable to
pending oalamiJty? later, induce a fatal
6|DAvI 0. LOWE1 Esq., of St. Agithe, Mdiiiti-i,
I LIS I C.'iir'.M.. says: About one year ago, being
DTA%-.ofTD G. Lt~ooi ezEst.,oa t. Agath, etc nto
tTouih:-d Wlirn a t-rrible bllious attack, flutteriieg
oIf tI i heart, poor rest at night, etc., I coim-
1MIIUUH. menC.-d the use of your "Golden Medical Dis-
co:.very' and 'Pellets,' and derived the very tugh-
est benefit therefrom."
aMrs M. MOLLi E.V TAILOR, Cannclton, Ind.,
n MALARIA 3 writes: "I think tke 'Goldn Medical Dis-
I U -|covery' is one of the greatest medicines in
| ,u*n the wcrid. I gave It to my little girl and
'E VEr.' It cured her of the malariaJ fever."
Dyspepsla.-Tn-sERsA A. CAse, of Sprlingfild, Mo., writes: '*" I
was troubled one -ear with liver complaint, dyspeplia, and sleep-
le6a6nss, but your Golden Medical Discovery'cured me."
any considerable num-
rems. you are suffeiring
mon of American nmai-
*psa. or 'iTorpid Liver,.
pepsia, or Inilgeanon.
:d your dise.ase-r aa be-
e number and diversity
matter what stage it
LERC'S GOLDEN iD-
dill subdue it, if takc-uen
tonas for a reasonat, l
iot cured, compllcatiens
imption of the Lungs,
other grave maladies
set in and, sooner or
DR. PtERaC's GOLDEN MEDICAL DISCOV-'A
ERY acts powerfully upon the Lirer, and
through that great blood-purlfyring organ
cleansesa the siotem of alU blood-taints and
impurities, from whatever cause arising.
It is equally eticacious In acting upon tlihe
KLdneys, and other excretory organs,
cleansig,.-trengtheningD, and healing their
die-ases. As an appetiing, rentoratrve
oirnic, it promotes digestion and nurri-
t':n,-thereby building'up both deah and
strength. In malarial districts, this won-
deriiul medicine has -gained great celeb-
ritry in curing Fever and -A1ue, .Cills .
and Fever, Dumb Ague, 'and kindred
..... 1M. r. V. WEBBEaR, of Yorkshlire. Catmravuga
LIVER i... N. Y., writes: "I wisb to say a few words
...... |in praise of your 'Goidcn Medical- Discovery'
I.SEASE. Iand' Pleasant Purgarive Pellets.' For five years-
SI previous to taking them I was a great aufferer- I
S had as,-er- par, aini my right sde continually:
was unable to do my own work. I am happy to say I am now
well and strong, thanks to your medicines."
^'.'.'-. A. B. WEAvrn, Esq., of 996S Boaickh Avenu,
S*.- m1 -k Buiffalo, 2. .. writes: "Having- used your
G-- 1 Gden Medical Discovery" in my family, I
HEADAHEl i1desire tco testify to the great relief afforded
AlDACUHEUU. by it in cases of sick headache. As a chil-
dren's remedy, for coughs and colds, I have like-
mse found it all that could be desired, its employment having
uniformly availed to promptly check any attacks of that kind.
FOR THE BLOOD IS THE LIFE."
Thorouirby cleanse the blood, which is humors, from a common Blotch, or Erup- Ience. 'Virulent blood-poisons are, by Its
the fountain of health, by using DR. don, to the worst Scrofula. Salt-rheum, use, robbed of their terrors. EFspecially
PIROE's V OLDEnI MEDICAL DISCOOVERY, Fever-sores," Scaly or Rough Skin, in has It manifested Its potency in curing
and good digestion, a fair skin, buoyant short, all diseases caused by bad blood, are Letter, Eczema. Erysipelas. Bolls, Carbun-
spirits, and bodily health and vigor will conquered by this powerful, purifying, and cles, Sore Eyes, Scrofulous Sores and Swell-
be established. invigorating medicine. Great Eating UI- wings, Hip-Joint Disease, "White Swellings,"
GOLD&N MEDiOA, DiscovERy cures all cers rapidly heal under its benign Influ- Goitre, or Thick Neck, and Enlarged Glands.
A medicine >' sesasing the power to cure such inveterate blood aid skin diseases as the following testimonial portrays, must
certainly be credited with posr.ssmng properties capable of curing any and all blood and skin dlseasesa for none are more
obstinate or difficult of oure tan Salt-rheum.
I ,nn I "*'COLFMBUDS, Osio. Aug. 18th, 1887.
I AL-HEUM I WORLn's DtSiPN's.u.r MV ntios AssociA-
S| TION., 663 Mai street Buffalo N. Y.:
Aln | G.aitha4..-For several years I have felt it
v to be my duty to give to you the facts in rela.
lKEUMATISM ti.ton to the complete cure of a most aggra-
IUn |M r1vated case of salt-rheum, by the use of your
'Golden bMedical Discovery. An elderly lady
relative of mine bad bec-n a great sufferer from salt-rheum for
upwards of torty years. The disease was most distressing in her
hands., causing te skin to crack open on the inside of the fingers
at the joints and betwee-n the fing-rs. She was obliged to protect
the raw places by means of adhEsi-e plasters, salves, ointments and
bandages. and during the winter months had to have her hands
dressed daily. The pain was quite severe at times and her general
health was badIv affectc-d, paving the way for other diseases to
creep in.. Catarrii and rheumatism caused a great deal of suffering
In aadition to the sait-rheum. Sneebad used faithfully, and] with
the most cormmendable perseverance, all the remedies prescribed
by her plhijianas, but without obtaining relief. She afterwards
began treating herself by drinking teas made from blood-purify-
ing roots and herbs. She continued ttus for several years but de-
rived no beneidt. Finally, about ten years ago. I chanced to read
one of Dr. Pierce'a small pamphlets settling forth the merits of his
'Golden Medical Discovery' and other medicines. The name struck
my fancy, and seeing that It was essentially a blood-purifler I Im-
mediately recommended it to the old lady who had been so long a
sufferer from salt-rheum. She commenced taking It at once, and
took one bottle but seemed to be no better. However, I realized
that. It would take time for any medicine to effect a change for the
better, and encouraged her to continue. She then purchased a
half-a-dozen bottles, and before these bad all been used she began
to notice an Improvement. After taking about a dozen bottles she
was entirely cured. Her hands were perfectly well and as smooth
and healthy as a child's. Her general health was also greatly
improved; the rheumatism entirely left her and the catarrh was
almost cured, so thar It ceased to be much annoyance. She has
enjoyed excellent health from that day to this. and has had no
return of either salt-rheum or rheumatism. The "Discovery'
seems to have entirely eradicated the salt-rbeum from her system.
She is now over eighty years old, and very healthy for one of such
I have written this letter, of which you can make any use you
see ft, hoping that some sufferer from salt-rheum might chance to
read It and obtain relief by using your 'Golden MIedfal,'Dlscovery'
-for 'Golden' it is n Ints curative properties, and as much above
the multitude of nostrums and so-called 'patent medicines.' so
zealously flaunted before the public as gold is above the baser
metals. Respecfdy yours, .-'
F. W. WHEELER, 182 -21st St."-.
CONSUbiLPTION, WEAK LUNGS, Ois]aANG OF BLOOD.
GOLDEN MnDICAL Dtscovar caures Con- Lungs, Spitting of Blood, Shortness of promptly cures the severest Coughs it
sumptron swhich.is Scrofula of the Lung, I Breath, Bronchitis, Chronic Nasal Catarrh, strengthens the system and purifies the
by its wonderful blood-purifying Invigora- Severe Coughs. Asthma, and kindred affec- bIood. ,
ting and nutritive properties. tor Weak tions, It Is a sovereign remedy. While It ". -
_SOLOMON Burrs, of Nosrth c- Mam .s. ..., ..of :NeWfane, Vermont,
1UNSUMPTiON. i CO.. Ohio, writes: "I have not the words to COuGH nF, ay:.- "I'feel. at liberty to acknowledge
epr-es8 my gratitude for the good your V -ER the benent I received frrom two bottm of
-- 'Golden Medical Discovery' has done my ,V I the 'Golden Medical Discovery,' which cured
wife. 6he was taken with consumption, and after trying one do- -coughof fve year tandnand.dypep-
tor after another I finally gave up all hope of relief. Beingvery' .TIMn l' a f' rom which I had. suffered for, a long
poor and having but one dollar in the world, I prayed to God if.hat -- STimI. tIme." -
he mlght show me something; and then JItseems as though some- '
thing did. tell me to get your 'Golden 'tredical Discovery.' MT Asthma- Cured.-CaRCrm S. STOWNLL, Postmnlstress.at Mtaoi.
wife took it.as directed, andasaresult he so shecan work now.' noli,. Colorado, says her husband was oured.of asthma,by using-
....^_ '"Golden Medical Discovery." -,. ,*
S., l WastingDIsease.-WArsoN F. CARK. Esq.. -J "". ,
1 bAI 0 0 I )o .B Suvmmers,, Prince Edward lsand, .. e.a-, W. ".. DAvis,- u., mt, .a.,
I 9n n...... I .writes: When T commenced taking your mnRT l Iwrites: "' I have. take' -your .wondrfulM
I2 POUUNDS.I Golden Medical--Discovery,' was not able to "'"_' $1,.0 older Medical 6,DOovery' 0and0 nave'een.
I .Mork .and was a burdento myself.. Atethat time .. 1rnwovr' i". I redof'.the consumption. a .. .o .so.ud .
.. weighed 122 .pounds,.1and to-day. T weigh 147,| ....U |:and' well,'and have'bn'l. pe. tnreo ,.
pounds_ Then i usedeto eat aboul one meal. a ay, and now e j an d Ivwotqd not take tnree tl9tounaadouas'd -
eatfour oflfeIf-Idared-to." :' 1' A nd be bT .16 -e .t- .'s 2 .
^,Golden-BedUca1'ialcoTv .,ry~ -' 'i ^^ jliw, ^^E ^ ^ fo e- SDI^BtotaeS i-^ -.OO' q f
S ,r -. -. ". .
"' -- ." "- '. "-..---.
,odna "...:Abe 1- 1" --,- -
S A R. -_~ L .. .A 0 .-,P A . = .. .F.. .0 .
'- : '. -4 -- ,- .. ." -Tr ap-. -- ..
-.... :. _:_=. -..
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, DECEMBER 7, 1887.
A SAFE AND EASY WAY TO SHOE
Suggestions About Fattening Poultry and
Dressing It According to Methods Prac-
ticed in France-Two Convenient Feed
Backs for Horses and Cattle Described.
The feed rack for cattle illustrated in
the first cut has been used on the Iowa
Agricultural college farm with satisfac-
tory results, being both convenient and
free.from wastefulness. -w
FIG.'I-OUTDOOR FEED R ACK.
Prairie Farmer describes it as follows:
It is composed of a rack three feet wide,
eight or nine feet high, fourteen feet long
and enough of them to hold hay for the
number of-cattle and horses to be fed.
This has horizontal boards or poles nailed
en from the top to within two feet of the
ground. This rack has a fence around it
'made of strong boards, planks or poles.
The fence should be eighteen inches high
and the same distance from the rack and
may lean outward somewhat. This pre-
vents the hay which the cattle pull out
from under the rack from getting under '
their feet, and they must keep it pretty
well eaten out in order to get fresh hay
from the rack.
The journal quoted from illustrates and
describes the feed rack shown in fig. 2.
This has most of the advantages of the
ene already described, and is easily made.
At the ends set-the forked corner posts
five feet apart and have them extend six
feet above ground, and -put the poles on
as shown. This may easily be made very
strong and durable, and any one who has
FIG. 2-FEED -RACK.
used out door feed racks for cattle knows
this to be a very important feature. The
poies can re fa'ttned together' lit points
ef contact with smooth fence wire and
plenty of common fence staples. -. -
How to Shoe, Refractory Mules.
S Shoeing refractory mules is a some-
...what hazardous operation, and as most
Smules are refractory -when approached
within convenient distance of their nimble
-heels any arrangement that assists to
make their shoeing easy and safe is to be
/ : I ',/. 5 .--
f -i ^ f I
.SHOEING A REFPACToRY MULE.
SThe cut represents a device illustrated
and described originally in The Black-
sEniith an'i Wheelwright. Take tiuv pieces
of spring steel 1 8-4 inches wide, and long
enough to make a. good sized pair of
hames, bend them to fit. a collar ana
nunch boles in the top to let a strap pass
through to fit different sizes of collars.
Then take apiece of 11-2 inch iron or steel
6 inches lonr, ri-vet it on the flat side of
the hanme, h-nd'l in a circle to ci-ir tbL
co.lar, auo -li'it a D ring n the ar d.s, onw
on( each home:-a3 showU in the (ut. Tie
i- n the rin2- a str,.ng ;1-4 inch rope on thi.
side -'t'p ...itLe to w here you are t,, wi -
. ia-s the rope ariuil the fetliock t, tha
'o itier ring, ard tie to suit yc'irsehl
Hook an open link on .the ropes so the
animal cannot get his other foot through
their. and you have him in your power.
Wtrj-n you rai'e the foot to drive, the
rope will be tightened, and he cannot
kick you either in driving orclinching.
After apples have been carefully picked
and. properly packed away in barrels there
is still danger of their failing to keep
well unless some intelliaence is shown in
the method of storing the barrels and
their contents. More failures occur from
keeping apples too warm than any othet
.one conri-e. This fruit requires t:, be
kc-pt. as cool asis practicable without freez-
ing. A frequent change from cold to
warm is fatal to the keeping quality of
any fruit, and especially to the apple. Let
the temperatttre be a uniform one and as
lor. as possible wtithoul freezing. it ii
no longer con-idered essential to store ap-
ples in an absolutely dry place iOn the
contrary, there are advocates for storing
this fruit in cellars where water stands,
the argument being that theifrmui. keeps
fresher and is not liable to withe:.
-> _. '" '' -. ,,'. .-. -
B P. Ware, of Massachseusea-t.ter a
large espeneuce, says 'of t.he"-Nnconia
raspberi' .- 'I is tender'and ti'r canes
m. ust be L.er-.cted. But the fruit is su-
S perb. -If ii ",%4e.e.-barflyrL.ahol(4prefcr -it
S to anbtdfier. -I h baver tb-e enit.hlbrt-it
throws up an immense amount of canes."
Fattening Fowls for the Table.
There is room for improvement in the4 at &&nf
matter of fattening fowls for the table in ---------_ ~-~
this country. The French dressed poultry ALLTIT T il
is very superior to ours, and its superior-
ity is due largely to three things: First, ALL T H L I
'the great care exercised in breeding fowls
for quality of flesh; second, the admir-
able methods of fattening; and, third, the By WALTER BESANT.
attractive manner in which the birds are
dressed when offered for sale. Author of "Shepherds All and Maidens Fair,"
As regards the varieties best adapted "By Celia's Arbor," "The Golden Butterfly,"
for table fowls there is neither time nor i etc., etc.
space to enumerate them. In a general CHAPTER V.-Continued.
way it may be said that birds which have
the most meat upon the breast and not Joshua had sold twenty kegs out of the
upon the thighs are best for fattening. cargo to Mr. Mallock, the justice of the
Birds that have been well fed from the peace. No doubt he had arranged, or was
time they are hatched require but little arranging, for the sale of all the rest. No
preparation for the table. The period in doubt, too, he intended adding the pro-
.which fowls may be fattened varies con- ceeds of this transaction to the pile-ahal
siderably with the variety of bird, but the pile beneath the hearthstone.
three weeks is the time'usually allottedI I set off to run almost the whole of the
for the "fattening 'process" in France. i way back to Rousdon, under the impulse
Fresh sweet Indian barley, oats and of this new idea, which filled my mind.
buckwheat meal, mixed with skim milk, It was aboutll o'clock, as I should judge.
in which a little fat of some kind has been It took me nearly an hour before I got to
dropped, makes admirable fattening food. Rousdon farm. I had business to do, and
Any of these meals are good when fed there would be no thought of bed for me
separately, but Beale advises a mixture of that night. But first I went into the
equal parts of each, to which a little fat house, found some supper, and procured
has been added just before stirring up certain handy tools necessary for my pur-
with milk. He thinks, and many of our pose.
foremost breeders believe, that it pays to Had I time to do it? It had taken nearly
boil the milk with which the meals are four hours to remove the cargo of the
mixed. This food is best given to the Dancing Polly from the boat to the hiding
fowls while warm. Such special feeding place; could I do what I proposed in six?
shows in the unusual fine color of the I would'try.
flesh of the birds when dressed and its There certainly was- no stronger girl
succulent sweet flavor. Birds are most than myself along, the whole shore. The
quickly fattened in confinement. When life I had led in the open air-the rowing,
practicable place in pens sufficiently large sailing and fishing; the gardening, the
for moving room, but no more. Observe rambles and climbs among the crags Of the
scrupulous cleanliness in the pens and Holmbush fields and Pinhay point; the
provide clean water each day. 'Remember sea bathing, the generous but simple diet
that the birds must fast for at least twelve -all these, added to a physique to which
hours previous to killing them. This is dame nature had been generous, made me
an important point, active and muscular above the average
As has been intimated, French poulter- even of young women living like myself.
ers lay great stress on the dressing of the Yet it was a heavy task which I proposed
poultry after it is killed. They pluck the to effect.
birds immediately, and while animal heat It was nothing less than to carry every
still prevails the carcasses are placed on single keg down to the sea shore, turn out
"shaping boards" with their backs up- the contents, fill them with sea water and
ward. The bird is kept level by blocks at carry them back again. Fifty kegs at
either end which support the neck and least. Two' hundred journeys up and
rump. While the bird is warm it is ma- down that steep cliff, each time with a
nipulated, first by beading in- the rib weighty burden. But the thought of
bones, then pressing the knee into the Joshua's consternation when he should
back, forcing the breast inwards and discover it gave me courage.
fastening the legs over the breast so When I had got all but six or seven
as to keep it in its place. A wet cloth is down the cliff another thought struck me.
fastened tightly down over the bird and There were the two kegs for my inform-
around the bottom board. The second ant, John Beer. It would not be fair to
board is placed above this. By the time give him sea water, after the service he
the bird is quite cold the flesh is firm and *had done. There was also the poor old
the whole appears attractive, rector. What would he do without his
S______ brandy? and unless I provided for him, he
To Tell the Age of Horses, would get none till Dan and the boys
The Toronto Truth says: came home again. So I-removed the last
-. re r. six, and carried them away to a place
--, u -t.-' hr ie ,', r- where I was pretty certain Joshua would
e ,'xr er '.: ,.'. r,'ta.,: a- ,Itell, not think.of "l',:,,,kr fr them. And then.
And every doubr i and.J [ar ,i-:it.-i I proceeded to the next part of my task.
T m e p y beol The kegs were now all in a row upon.
Two middle "nippers" you behold the'beach, lying on their sides. I went
Beforethc colt is two weeks old,
Before eight weeks two more will come; from one to the other, and with my ham-
Eight months the "corners" cut the gum. mer and chisel forced out the bung from
every one. In a few minutes the smooth
The outside grooves will disappear water.of the little bay was salt water
Fr.m-m:.ioi ,- ir.:. ,ur oZ e ;ar brandy grog, rather weak, and the kegs
.. 'ID t,.:. ';. ,_. i,-,:,r u ( e. c,:. j,c,, ,,~r-". w ere em pty. .* *'
In rbi..- IL.- m:.A.r1cr'-. 10.:., ave r,i-i;. were empty.
To fill them again quickly was more dif-
At two the middle "nippers" drop; ficult. I had to take off shoes and stock-
At three the second pair can't stop. ings, tuck up skirts, and wade in the
When four years old the third pair goes; water, carrying each keg separately. It
At five a'full new set he shows, was now growing Iate. I must have been
The deep black spots will pass fromview at work five hours, and yet the kegs had
At six yeais from the middle two. all to be carried back.
The econd pair stsereu years: Well, it was done at length. The day
AtE .-i [he iipr.t -ir.:-t ,-:.:.,i-r 'clears, was breaking as the last keg was laid in
'From middle "nippers" upper jaw its place, and the b.nra mlies pulled together
At nine the black spots will withdraw, to hide them. T he tide had come up in
Tl-'- .. -:.:.u. mr ft et.- ar white; the'bay, -and washed away all the' traces
t' en' ,uh.-- 'I.:. ,:.: -r.:r'" light, of the brandy which had been spilt so
As time freely on the stones. I sat down and
t egoes on, the horsemen know-, tried to think soberly what I haddone.
The oval teeth three sided grow;Vll
They longer get. project before a villain was punis": ; the meanest,
Tillt-t i, -Lr;'-ntweknownomore. most treacherous, mc. n-,, cold blooded
scoundrelism ever perpetrated bal re-
S In the Poultry Yard. ceived some sort of 'a fit reward. In a
If 'you desire eggs and eggs only, says ff-iass ierh"ap ii a fe:w L,:,-a, the
Country Gentleman, and numbers, not tr:,it.,r w,-oil.i 'nd hi? hebartit.,si:- praised
size; select Hamburgs or Leghorns. 'If U[7,. :uil hi t'-. --r'e ',e'l. A fewl ho"irs
you want non-sitters that- will raise good m,.-, and i-_ r.:-id : riscover that hib i prize
sized eggs, choose Hou.an"i., Bi ik Span- frwm D i,'" .u.iil..a:v run waL hot worth
ish or L- Fl-r.li-. Ifvyu .--int winter-lay- the k.=- l"':h cl ,nrain-,l i't.
er sor fr t3,, .-it ,Ire-._tei t,- th- fall0or Ant y, -r I '- r "a i t ,ie' 1. e' AU this
winter market, t.,-- Briahtbn.-, Cochins, WuU'l ut '. e lme hk m- lo-er, nor
Langshans cr P!iymr:itab R.-,c k- If you brinho.',m:- Dau ian- the boy', n:-r runfoi
want chicks for, early -liina mrIrk-e, Se- the Ii,-er;, of ti,:- i't: tr-te 'teLe I
lect Plymouth Rocks, .':rumirniiqires Cr Wy- thtrste'.i t-:.r u.:,r- '..-.
andottes. -ita I ,',:,.- to '' '~.ome tlhe _pier- ii,.
. Use none but pure bred cocks; get the sun was riiigr orvcr the water'I ot ti-
best hens you can get for market prices. chanoriel, a i .he morning wais clear ind
Keep e.cli ye:ir' the beat oto tie hei ie--t bright. Far 'of'if :n tIhe horizon I si.w the
bred pal,*.:i', nellii- all others, ainI -1u sails of a great dient, it ruuit be NEl?.:ri's
will soon have a flock as good as pure. fleet. Arno their ships soi'imeihere werei
reds arni at little c-st. lose I loved, guing away to ien t face
The runs must be dry. Wet feet make battle, sudden de.ith, nhipwreck, plague
Biddy sii:k .A\ southern slope is idesrnal.le. and pest-dence, aill byv the act if oni man.
'The h:ui-nc should have a ocutliern ex- I lay at ho.e all that morning asleep.
posure, Ibe sheltere'.l from winds, roomy, At 1'2 o'clock Mrt. ALuin, surprised at my
warm, lighted, ventrillated, long sleep, awakened uime and brought me
Don't miake the perches near the floor, some dinner.
whettier the fowls be large or small. Then I bteciaii to think again.
Have a board upon which cleats are nailed Iu the aft,:rnoon arrived my exci.emap.
every few inches to reach from the floor "Have y,:,u done anything to Joshua
to the perches. Have the board long Meech, Ple-aiance?" he uc-k-il, in i breath-
enough to ruake the incline easy. There less way, to that I knew he mus-t have
should be a pas:sa:eway through the cen-- heard somniethinig.
ter of the building-no roosts above it; a "Done anything,"'
wide platform at each side to catch the "Ay. Joshuai's been roited--he's been
droppings; under the platfiorn the nests robbed of ri his money- -,-e's been. tear-
opening into the passageway, ing round town nll day. Hot hoL I hope
A dusting box is indispensable. Fill the informnt',u money was with it, too.
with two parts road dust to one of perfect- Who could have robbed him?"
ly dry vood or coal as:ies and a ver'y little "Who coulit." I echoed. -
sulphur and cariii,hc powder. Fasten six "It must hare been some one who had
inches from the floor a small tiox hriving a spite againiut him. Who but you had a
two compartments, one cru'hed oyster spite' Ohi Pleasance, Pleasancel It's a
shell or ground hone andl the other char- hanging, matter!"
coal "'D.:ir't t.alk wild," I replied. "'If
Don't. feed on the door Feeml in shallow Joshua ts rohbded, so much the better. I
boxes or .trough.. For rlriniking vessels am glad of it."
common glazed milk crockl are the best,. John Beer shook his head. 'He was
---- only bhat satisfied.
Presidi-enit Phiillips, of the Wea.t Michi- "To he sure," he said, 'ql've seen gyp-
gan Hort:-tltural society, regani-c rin- aies about You know best. Well,,and
leached a.hcs as the best fertiliaer kLioWnn how about ther kegs, Pleasance:"'
for rinc-yarr.]s. -. -" I ni-l g~ive you the kegs at once if you
Th ho Is a- gras eain errtinal will d0o me another favor. Nay, it. is not
doe hoga~ seff -a'g^ '-tong tel me. nior abi Jcshua; I know
thgpgh. people do not ala to. quite enough. lt.is only to carry some
realize it, wine like both grass and hay. brandy to Parson. Bnrden's."
"Why, I'll do that," he said, briskly,
, -To have whlat we want is rchies, lint ti "and more, for your sake." -
be able to do writiount is power -l..o-c :. He took the wheelbarrow and very
Housekeeping. soon was trundling my present, which I
had resolved to say was Dan's, to the toward daybreak the footsteps of the press
good old rector. i- gang as they crept down the road to the
On the way he mentioned casually that bay. Andil ten l went out in the dark to
a press gang was in the neighborhood, see for rmyelf u-hat would ha.ippen.
"They don't know it, the boys at Lyme, About 4 o'clock I heard the noise of
else they'd keep at home for a day or two. Joshua's wagon wheels, and then I-I
There'll be a good few sailors more aboard was sitting among the rocks, wondering
his majesty's ships when that gang has when the last act. of my revenge would be
done its-business." completed-I saw his figure in the moon-
I thought nothing at the time. light as he strode down the rough-way,
But later on I started, remembering with the certain tread of one who knew
that Joshua had promised to deliver the path and had trodden it hundreds of
twenty kegs that morning, and that at times, His face was shaded by his hat,
daybreak he would be at the hiding place, and I could not see that.
Another thought struck me. He went straight to the place where his
I had no doubt, knowing the nature of treasure lay, awl roughly pulling away
the business, and the haste made after t. the brambles he began to take out the
run to get the cargo safely stowed away kegs. Apparently, from his composure,
and disposed of, that Joshua intend-'i to he had not yet learned from the worthy.
take it all in two loads, probably one tiat justice the nature of the new misfortune. ,
morning and one the next. This knowl- As he began work I heard other foot-
edge put a fatal power into my hands. I. steps, They were those, of the four sail-
turned the thought over in my mind till ors. I saw them, but he did not-being-
it became a resolution, clear and deter- intent -uppon the job-c:,me cautiously out,
mined. Since Joshua had sent Dan and of the sIma,e o th- rock. There was not
all of them awayto sea, he should go too. much to c imb-abo-it. twenty ieet-anh
Of course they could not take a miller they took it, having Joshua well in si-lit,
from his mill-no. But suppose Joshua with a ittu- and it shout. .
was caught, in boatman's rig, handling J:-iiua -pr-,ng to his: feetand turned.
his kegs in Rousdon bayl up, lhI .ircatlnt.. They carried cut-
When John Beer had taken the rector la'se-3, bit these were n-t drawn, and each
his brandy, and carried off his, own to 'had a tst-ut short cudgel in his hand.
some secure place which he knew of, Joshuni f,,uht like a ruadman. One aftet
probably to a friend in the town, a burn- 1the other lhe hurled his assailants from-
ing desire came over me to see Joshua him. He "was a splendidly strong, mnm.
Meech face to face and to triumph over; But the others came like buldiog-,; they
his misfortunes. Tired as Iwas with my bad now c.iuht hold, and the,- "n:,uli n-ot
long night's work, I hastened to. put on l]-t :-. 'VWhen it was all overt, uie stood
my hat and set off once more for'my "ith ll -eding face- and hea i and arnis
three mile walk across the fields. pinioned ,cloie to his sides. He could
I cannot pretend to. anything but a make no more resistance.
feverish joy that so'far my weary head .o / ," I
suffered. I knew how mean anid parsi- ./ \ I
monious he was, how he pinched and / /
saved, denying himself luxuries and liv- ,',i ,
ing hardly, in order to feel richer every '
day. I was quite certain that his chief IQ X> 2
pleasure was -to 'open his hiding place: '' -
secretly and count his treasures. I rejoiced ,-'
to think how, in these moments, there I
was mixed upa feeling tha L ,- vi- saviring
up for me, and how that 'memory would : -
be an additional stab for him. For me? W/ i 4,.
Was it possible, even without his .super- i
human wickedness,-for me to look upon \
another man after my glorious Will?. K '
So he- had already found out his loss. \
That was strange. Did he, then, look in \ \
the morning to see if it was safe?- But J.
perhaps the open window and the hanging -
shutter awakened his suspicions. I should 's .
soon know. As I drew near the mill, and V 4 r
looked down upon it from the top of the ., // -
steep lane leading from the high road, I .* Nt'-'
could not help feeling the contrast be- "_... ___ ,- _
tween the beauty of the place and the an- He could make no more resistance.
gry passions of its master and the girl "Now, mate," said one of the men, "you
who was going to visit him. But I had come quiet, or we'll make you that quiet
to hide my indignation. I composed my as you'll never rant to sing no morel"
features as well as I could, and crossed All the resr r.:,wled acquiesence. They
hisorchard. ".had had enough of fighting for that bc'nt.
Joshua was sitting on the bench outside -But what's all this."' The leader
the mill. The wheel was slowly going pointed to rhie ke,:s, three or four of whicb
round and round, with- its .monotonous JohLua lind already brought out and laid
sound, and the mill was at work. But upon the r.as's.
its master sat motionless, his head on his "Bran.-ly," :aidrJos-hua.
hands. He was trying to think who could The menin'lo-kd at one another.
have robbed him. "A gImlet," su.l the pinioned JosbIhua,
"Joshua!" I cried; "Joshua! What is "is in my pocket" One of them drew
the matter? Are you ash-lep" out the gilet and-bored a hole. Joshua
"I wishI wasI" he replied, hoarsely. sh,.':k his head cheeri-fiulty. No -doubt
"I think I shall never he able to sleep their would all get drunk, and he wouid
again. What do you want., Pleasancea" et,.I:'pe
"I came to tell you, Joshua, that I saw "Never a pannikin be there, mate4'"
the fleet pass along the horizon this morn- "the man asked h's prisoner.
ing. It must be Nelson's. Dan-and the Joshua shook 1- heid. .
rest must be aboard cone of the ships." Then I laughlied to myself; f..r the man
, "Ay, ay; no doubt. Well, they-they- who bored the hole lifted the ke-;g and
they will get through it, I daresay." po-red whut be thought wvas 'branly into
S"Oh, Joshua, what'a villain must hebe his ,open moutLb.
who informed against them I What could "Fau-h--augh-pr-rt I' .
we do to'that villain to punish him prop- Wht's tie mater" '
early? Tell me, Joshua." It isn't brrudiy at all! Faugh-
"Do-do'? What could we.,do? Put waughl: It's sea water!i" -
him in the duckpond,I suppose," he re- "It is brandyy" caid J.-shufn.
plied wearily. .' "Drink-it yourself, then." ,
"Thatwouldnot behalf enough, Joshua. He lifted-the keg. :Joshua drank.
-I should like to tike away all his money" He, too. behaved in the .-ame s-urpriiing
-:he stm'i.-'i-"'iuu to tell all the world, manner. : .,
and send hln u awaiy forever with the 'It wacs -randry three weeks a go," said
curses of i he pe-:ple." Joshua, despairing. ,
"Ay.' h- ,-c.il, "ne-er mind the in- 'IThen he sat down, saying no more,
forni-r, Pi,-:.n:cie; Licten to mre. I've whi.je the iliei tried the othc' k'ea- v ith
hieii r--.i-i,:'.)!" tlh cr,r'ie re-crdt. They all co stained sea
"Yu, .J-sli'iah You robbed. water.
"I'v.: l-,i loberij of every frthing I "Goat cay n'iore, mate"'' a-iked one of
haI. All in g'-.l-ail tiet- up i t iiba--all them, lokmg around.
th- ir-:.,l; I vI l.een -aVtn: fo:r yei'.'." "Tnere's 9 dozen more behinti that
'All the louney you ia-.edL to marry me blackberry bush," sai.i Joshua vitlh the
withr" cilmneis ,r complete despair.
"It i ;ail cone."' They searched; they lugged them ail
-'I'h.:-n you can't manly me, which will- out; they bored the gimlet into ever.yt one.
be r-,-',.Tih ti tri,-tar.iitn,. Joh.iiu-. But No- r one -inmie drop of briindy in any
who .i.,l, lihtv- U.'dine 1tiI 1' "Tais here," said one, "'is a most aniaz-
"I .lOin't ktow; I can't think. Go ing go! What was ycou going to dco with
awny, Piessance, anil let me think by my. they ke.s, mate"'
seit." -Sell them," said Joshua.
"I-i here any onewho is at enmity with "Was you aging to sell theirs for
y'u,, Joshua," brandy, or wnas you aging to sell them
He shook his head. for bilge water"'
"Ar.y one whom you have 'wronged, "They were full of brandy three weeks
Joshir;.." ago," repeated Joshua. "That is all I
A flush crossed his face. "Go, child, know."
you can do nothing. Leave me alone." They looked at each other in amaze-
"'Joshua," I said, retr'-atin,-, "you are ment. Then the leader gave the word as
a Me-tliody. Rc-r her -whait yoi sai to .f nothing unusual had happened:
me, 'Patience, and kiss the ro'd.' 'Fall in, men. March!"
I found next morning, on investigating Just then I stepped from my- hiding
the cache, that twenty kegs of saIt water place-the daylight was pretty clear then
had been taken out, no doubt at daybreak. -and ran up over the rocks so as to meet
I tril.. i,. '.,.,:. "stciit out .iTnli, Beer. them higher up on the road. That looked
ann reveal, I my new plot. He at onca as if I might have been awakened by the
fell in with it. The press gang was in noise of the fight and came out to see
hiding somen-here at Up Lyme. Four of what it was.
them wo ,h:l be enough to effect the cap- 'Pleasance," cried Joshua,"this islncky.
tuie. He would tell them where to go, Tell these men-it as a press gang-they
and'what they were to expect-a deter- have pressed me-me-a sintple miller and
mined man, who would fight, for his lib- not a sailor at all-tell them they have no
erty, but a goi,:d sailor, right"-
They were to he concealed among the "Oh, Joshua, Joshua," I said, "this is
rocks, just under the hiding place of the very sad. Won't you let him go, gentle-
c-argo. They were to wait until they men'." This is a dreadful misfortune. And
heard their victim climbing down the zig- all the brandy spilled? Dear mel Oh, do
zag road, and then they were to effect the ltt him go. He js not a regular sailor;.
seizure. Above all, they were to take indeed, gentlemen, indeed he is not,
care not to let him be seen in Lymn, Up though he is so handy aboard that. he will
Lime, Bridport., or any of the places surprise you. Do let him go-do. He knows
round, v here he might be known. every inch c-f the French coast, but you
Now this seemed to me a really spendid must not, press him. He is the best,_r
piece of .revenge. The other things were man from Ly-me to Weymouth, thong'li-$e
'very well in their way, but. incomplete. is a miller. Oh, he is much too good 'a
Joshu:a was, no doubt, mad with rage at sallor to be pressed. Do let himfgo.-'" -
being robbed of his money, but he would "'laf' Mhm gb?" cried the boatawapn,"'
recover in time. Also,-he. would be en-- with an oath. -"I, I let. him go, I'wish'It
raged beyond expression at'losing, his way be smothered in a French p tisn \'" -'
brandy. Still he would recover fromt that "Oh, Joshua, Joshua!" I 'cried', at.t-hb'-
blow.. But hib'v' .would. he recover frobi' dragged- him away plailone', acld';por-.
the blow-of being-'pressed and sent to sea? 'less. ""Dispensatlonsl' "GrieVous"''dtspe1.
All that night I did not, sleep. I heard sationsi Let us kiss the rod!"
How Jacob Barker Retaliated.
Many years ago the eccentric Jacob
Barker offered some good business paper
for dJiscount at one of the Wall street
banks, and when the board of directors
met they threw the paper out. That dis-
pleased friend Jao'b. and in a few days
he presented t4i,"1m(,r in hills of that, same
bank at the counter and denmianrded the ..
cpecie from the astonished officers. It
was rolled out to imrn min kegs of $1,000
each: the teller of the bank informing him
that they wece obliged to give him five
and ten cent pieces.
Here was a dilemma for even so bright
and reidofibtable a man as Jacob, but he
was equal to the emnergeucy. He ordered
the porter to unheand the casks, which,
being done, Ja.cob took a handful of the
corn from each and requested the teller to
priace thlie remainder-which they were
Mobiced to count-to his credit. It re-
qunired the whole available force of the in-
stitution to count that. money, and many
late hours were made.-Detroit Free
Endurance In Long Distance Running.
The, essential requisites of a long dis-
tance runner are a strong heart and capa-
cious lungs in a broad, deep and mobile
chest. The reason for this will be appar-
ent to those who understand the physi-
ology of exercise. To sustain long con-
tinued exertion latent energy in the mus-
cles used is necessary and also .a ready
means of supplying these muscles with-
an increased amount of oxygen while in
action, and of carrying away the carbonla
acid that results from the combustion In
the tissues. Hence the necessity of breath-
ing faster while running than while walk-
Ing, and unless this ex'ebange of gases
can be carried on with sufficient. rapidity
and in sufficient quantities to meet the .
demands of the organism under' these
trying circumstances there soon comes an.
end to further muscular activity, though
the muscles themselves may be far from
exhaustion.-D. .A. Sargent, M. D.,, in
S cribner's M magazine. '" "
A Tranh-Slberian Ra9lway.'
The scheme for a trans-Sibprian railway_
is being brbhght prominently. before the
French' public, aid 'the hoargds iw'the, old
stockings of rt16 peasants.,CUl .-try, to.' .f'6d
an' fI mtmena init.. .T' lie'n r"ad' pr"b-
" .' ,'- .- ., :- ;
- --- -
: ,-. --_,:.. - .., ': -.._ "f.t '. --..
Evolution of the Dress Coat.
: Every part of'.the despised dress coat
has a reason for its peculiarity of shape.
The apparently foolish nick or slit at the
junction of the collar and facings on each
side dates from the time when men rode a
great deal, and the coat cc-lar must be
frequently turnried up and the chest but--
tone'.l clo-sely over to meet the severity of
sudden storms. A division was made
on each side of the collar to permit this
to be done, and the present useless
slit is the survival of this very need--
ful predecessor. Not even the' buttons
which adorn the small of one's back
are mere vain ornament. In about the
year 1700 it becan to be .the custom to-
gather in at the waist the sack like coat
c-f the period This was done by two
buttons sown on over the hins, which
were attached to loops set on at the edge
of thecoast. Then, as waists became a
permanent iashion the loops were disused
and the buttons, instead of being dis-
carded, were simply moved a little farther
back; here they attached to a new useful-
ness in supporting the swoid belt. Now
that sword belts are no longer,worn, these
two buttons seem. merely a meaningless
excrescence. The very shape of the dress
coat, which has been so much and so
often ridicule-, is not an arbitrary fashion,
but a natural development.
Starting from the very ample square"
skirted 'coat of the close of the Seven-
teenth century, itself a development, .we
next find the same coat with the corners
of the skirt buttoned together for the con-
venience of riling; then the came gar.
mnient with the lap corners cut off instead
;of buttoned up-the swallow tail of the
early years of the present century; finally
by a very slight degeneration the modern
dress coat was produced.-New York"
Home Journal. ":
S Wine oi the Congo.,
At the time of my first arrival in the
country a difficulty was anticipated in a
certain station (which I will not nadle),
owing to, a scarcity of carriers, and ,the
chief thought it better to put every one
on short allowance. Among other rations
Portuguese -wine was issued at the rate of
half a battle per nan per day. Each man
had to send his "boy' ,'to the store with
his bottle every other day, and of course
there was a rush for the big bottles. The
storekeeper, instructed by the chief, re-
fused evc-rythiug larger thnn a champagne
bottle, and as the second officer in charge
of t.he station superintended the issuing
of the ratio. in person, there was no
chance for -any man to get more than his
share. This did not please the engineers,
who decided, at a council held in the
mEssro,.m of the Stanley, that half a
bottle per day was not enough, and forth-
with a cc-Ilection of empty bottles began
to accumulate in the ene-ineers' store, and, *
experiments were instituted to find out
whether the capacity of any one of them
esceedeil that of the rest, but with very
At last some suggested the device of
blowing out the bulge in the bottom of
the bottle so as to leave it nearly flat. No
sooner said-tban done. Not only was the
bottom flattened, but. it was found possi-
ble by means of heat to slightly stretch
the bottle itself, so that, although it ap-
peared very little larger than an ordinary
champagne bottle, it would hold nearly
half as much again. The trick remained
undiscovered until the engineers had all
finished their term of service, when the
ingenious deviser of the same, being the
last to depart for Europe, left his bottle
to the second in command, with a hint. to
keep his eyes open for the future.-Black. "
' "-.te **,' - -,7-'.-:-' :-
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. DECEMBER 7. 1887.
State News in Brief.
S-El Yard, a new Cuban paper, has
maae its appearance at Key West.
-A party of capitalists think of put-
ting a street railway in Uainesville.
-St. Andrew's Bay is soon to have a
newspaper, according to report.
-A carload of Halifax oranges sold in
New York recently f6r $4 per box.
-AtFort Myers there is to be seen a
peach tree and a citron tree in full bloom.
-The major. part of the orange crop
about Fort White is being shipped to
-The DeFuniak Critic will be issued
daily during the coming session of the
-The.Kissimmee sugar mill already
advertises for planters to supply cane
-A party of forty Ohioans have ar-
rived at Melbourne, Indian River, with
a view to settling.. ,
-The streets of Eustis are being sur-
faced with clay, and will soon be hard
and in-excellent condition.
-The cattle men of DeSoto county
will form an association and be gov-
erned by a set of by-laws.
-The large new hotel at PuntaGorda,
to be known as the "Southland," will
soon be opened for business.
-Orange shipping is beginning in
earnest in South Florida. The crop is
light but the quality is very fine.
-A single grain of rice,- recently
planted in Columbia county, yielded a
total of 216 heads and 25,700 grains.
-The South Florida Railroad land
department, is furnishing Havana to-
bacco seed free to all who apply for it.
-The Arcadian is talking tobacco to
the farmers of DeSoto county, and will
Distribute Havana seed before planting
-Mr. J. U. Matthews, of 'Walton
coAnty, has recently exhibited samples
of fine starch made from the cassava
-Having .failed to make a selection
at the recent election, DeSoto county
will. vote for county _seat again on De-
-The sponge fleets are reporting at
Key West with the hauls. A recent
day's sale of sponge on a Key West
wharf amounted tco $f,403.
-Jim Waldron, living near Arcadia.
is having a cage 30x40 built on his farm,
Sand intends to engage in the business of
raising wild cats. -Arcadian.
S-Three fish firms at Punta Gorda
ship about 125 barrels, or from 16,000 to)
15,000 fish daily. One alone pays out
$$1,000. per week to fishermen.
-The officers and stockholders of the
Lake Weir Chautauqua have been in ses-
sion this week, and arrangements to
open have about been decided upon.
; -Several heavy investments have been
made in real estate in Levy county the
past two weeks, and the outlook is that
it will increase as the season advances.
-Work on the South Florida Exposi-
tion grounds is being rapidly pushed,
and the prospects are good for a large
and varied exhibit and a successful ex-
-The recent frost and cold snap
injured the standing sugar cane in Levy
county to such an extent that it is
feared some of the farmers have .lost
their seed for next season.
-An Orange county nurseryman has
sold 80.000) budded orange trees to Cali-
fornians this year. They know where
the best oranges are is why they buy
-Andrew Harold, formerly of Enter-
prise, has secured exclusive privilege by
authority from the county commission-
ers. .to plant and cultivate oysters in the
Hillsborough River below New Smyrna.
-The Advocate says 10,000 more
boxes of oranges have been transferred
at that place from the Florida Southern
to the S., F. & W. road than had been
transferred at this time last year.
Either the crop is larger or shippers are
marketing their fruit earlier.
-The Florida Wine Factory at Apopka
is now in full operation, and the luscious
juice of thousands of oranges is being
daily pressed out. The works present a
busy and "sticky" scene. This coi-
pany will pay out through the bank of
Apopka several thousands of dollars for
fruit, labor, etc., all of which sum will
be kept right here at home.
-The most: expensive buildings now
in process of erection in this city, some
of which are nearing completion, are:
Hotel Ponce de Leon, $2,000.000: Alca-
zar, $1,000,000; Casa Monica, '200,000 ;
M. E. Church. 40,000(t: Old Spanish
Cathedral $25,000; residence of J. H.
Borden, $40,000; residence of J. -T.
Dismukes. $20,000: Captain Vail's block.
$15,000;' Mansion's bakery, $12,000 : Mis-
son's double store, $10,00)0, aggregating
$8.862,000. The above figures are esti-
mates from the best available data. and
cannot be far out of the way. A large
number of less expensive buildings are
now going up, and it is believed that the
grand total for the year will exceed in
valuation over $4,000,000.-St.' Augus-
tine Weekly. ,
The Creosote Company have begun to
manufactul'e their product, of which
they intend to get a good supply in hand
before handling and work in creosoted
timber. Several-large orders are in the
market, of which they expect to get
their share. They-find difficulty in get-
ting enough fat pine to work up into oil,
not because it is scarce, but" becausp.be
loggers.generally do not know thacMWe'
is a'..sidady market for it.',-:X.it' so
many. andoned _u' pe.tine-frms about
this~pqrti6 of t .Statjdly..ere bught to
be 9o trouble in"obtaitni-" all the fat
FREIGHT ON ORANGES.
Low Rates May be. Secured on
The following important letter ap-
peared in the Times-Union of Nov. 20th:
I take it for granted that the tariff of
rates on .oranges, adopted by our aijl-
road Commissioners, will go into effect
the first of December without material
modification. There is a point in the
matter, however, of which it ,may be
well for the growers to have fuller
notice. To the fifth section ef the act
establishing the Commision this proviso
"Provided, That nothing in this act
contained shall be taken as in any man-
ner controlling the rates for freight
charges by any railroad company in this
State for carrying freight which comes
from or goes beyond the boundaries of the
State, and on which freight less than
local rates on railroads carrying the same
are charged by said railroad," etc
The language is not remarkably felici-
tous; but it is clear to my mind that the
clause which I have italicised was in-
tended by the Legislature to except
from the operation of the proviso the
"arbitraries" charged by railroads lying
wholly within the State of Florida, and
not prorating with any interstate line of
transportation. If I am right on this
point, our Commissioners have in respect
to those "arbitraries" all the jurisdiction
the State Legislature can confer,
But there is another side to Tbe mat-
ter. The Commissioners hold that re-
cent judicial decisions establish the
doctrine that direct shipments from one
State to another, with through rates
and through bills of lading, carry the
commodities shipped into the domain of
Inter-State commerce with which no
State Commission has powers to inter-
meddle. In order therefore that we may
avail ourselves of relief from what we
deem- extortionate charges," we niust
make our direct shipments to points
within the State ofFlorida, and have ar-
rangements for reshipment and recon-
signment at tha terminal points of inter-
State lines. That is, we must take this
course if the managers of our initial
roads insist on our doing so. They must
judge for themselves as to the expedi--
ency of subjecting us to inconveniences.
On the other hand, the managers of
the inter-State lines may. be disposed to
smooth the way for us. Ilam authorized
to, announce that parties desiring their
products to go by the Mallory Line can
make their shipments to R. .W. South-
wick, Fernai-dina, with the certainty
that there will be neitherdelay nor extra
charges. If a portion of ourt business is
desired for other lines, that fact can be
manifested very ea.ily. and competent
personscan be designated toact asinter-
mediaries at Jacksonville, FernandiDa,
Callahau, Gainesville, and River Junct-
Will you. grant me a little space now
for a personal explanation? I find that,
I have given offence in some quarters
by advocating a reduction of rates on
fruits and vegetables. I have been re-
minded of saying, some years ago, that
I cared more for good:l service than I did
for low rates. That is my position still.
Good service is a paramount matter
with me, whether it be service in a
packing-hcouse, railroad service or civil
service; and I am glad of the opportu-
nity to say that, since our railroads have
beeu adequately equipped, the service
they have given us has been entirely
satisf6c;;:'.7. But the securing of the
greater bOnefit does not hinder me from
desiring the smaller one, and I.am not
ready to blame myself for laboring to
have reasonable compensate ion adjusted
to a .ood service,
I took no part in the agitation for the
establishment of a railroad commission.
I had what seemed to me excellent
reasons for anticipating that the com-
panies would voluntarily reduce their
"arbitraries'" on outgoing products. But
after coercion was brought to bear.
voluntary concessions were no longer to
be expected, and the presentation of our
case before the commissioners was the
only expedient, left within our reach.
My desire for the prosperity of Florida
will always be strong enough to keep me
from becoming an anti-railroad agitator,
nevertheless I may be expected to guard
somewhat vigilantly the interest commit-
ted to my charge. P. P. BItsoP.
Citra, Fla., November 2. 61987
The West Florida Fair.
In the Florida Farmers' Alliance we
find the following letter from DeFuniak
Springs relating to the fair recently held
at. that pace:
The first annual session of the West
Florida Fair was held at DeFuniak, com-
mencing on the 15th, and closing on the
1lth instant. Considering the ex-
perience of all concerned, -and the
short time allotted for the distribution of
the premium list and advertising, the
display of articles was remarkably inter-
esting and attractive. The weather was
pleasant, and many people were in at-
tendance. The Northern visitors were
surprised to see so fine an exhibit of agri-
The samples of tobacco and sorghum
cane competing for the liberal premiums
offered by Mr. Chipley, were exception-
ally fine. The first premium on tobacco
was won by Mr. S. T. White, of 'De-
Funiak. Mr. Thomas Reagan,of Bonifay,
was a warded :the first premium for
the best display of farm products. He
had on exhibition specimens of yellow
tihllo maize, a forage plant that can be
grown "by every farmer. This maize
produces five or six times the grain and
fodder that corn yields, and it flourishes
*in soil too poor to mature corn.
'*iitn.great variety, canned, pre-
sor tied and. pickled, was exhibited
by "t iadies- The livestock show em-
brac jyrshire and Jersey cattleMerino
sheep, '-- igpra goats, Poland China hogs
andrfancy fowls. "
" .nitho department of domestic manu-
factureand h'omeddecoratidn, the display
of use.u. and ornamental articles made
by _heiladies was greatly admired by the
The Latest Quotaturion% for Flirida
Fruits anid Vegetalules.
The i'lo i ngLn spliial i.-paihte es, by Aspeial
arr.auemennt. with thie Florida Fruit Ex.-
change,are .seut to the TiMiAs-UNiON by the
ar.-uts of the Fruit- Exchane' tn the various
cftles. They an Or relied upon, a a,.-?urate.
CN'NCLNNATI, December 2.-Under llght re
ceir-t- Florida oranges are firm on Ictive rde
rmanid; for choice bright $300; ruisets 82 i),',
2 i). Expect contiuued good demand for the
JAMES A. BAItRD & CO., Aente.
N-EV YOREK, December2.-At to-day'sauc-
tion soma very handsome : Florida fruit was
sold. Oranges fro6 $4f)ii,2"a5, according to
ize and whetuei-r briglhts or ro'Usetl, and'lem-
on' sold fOI 01 0t'1a.3 57,thus showing what can
be done if'the iruit is flrst-claAs In every re-
spect. Sicily lsjust commencing tobhip; the
cable io-day ijeports a tLeamer having satied
with ,1,":") boxes of orawges, and we also
know of the departure of another from Va-
lencia withb.i,F,)Ccaises of ,rangea.
SG|OBEL &a D.AY, Agents.
C(HICAGO, iDecember 2.-Choice fruit in
demand at $3 1,:',,23.5; russets 1l r1 2 i):; mar-
uet-qulet. Wtathermild. .
BARNiTBi BROS, Agents.
BALTIMtARE, December 2.- We quote
bright, -. 350. russets L82 y.i,3 :(); good demand
Market only fairly supplied.
Drx ,& WILKINS, Agents.
PHILADELPHIA, December 1.- Choice
bight oranges, 8.1000,350i per box; rasets,
02 25,u2 0); mar'Ket firm.
E. ROBERTS l& BRO., Agents.
B,:,sr,)N, November 29.-The Savannah
steamer.t,>day brought 6,71:(1 boxes and Nor
folk steamer 1,0t15" r1,oxes. We sold 1,2110) boxes
at auct ion to-day at good prices. The atten-
dance at the sale was very large, and in
Florida oranges at auction the Interest Is In-
creasing every week. The prices to-day for
tbhe best iruit was from 8-3 ('*350: good 250m
BLAKE & RIPLEY, Agents.
SNEW YORK, December 8.-The market
bare, owing to the detention of the Savann
steamers by bad weather. We quote fanec
88 2..A3 5'; brigbts 8250@ .2 27r; russesl$2 25@2
THE WESSELS Co
NEW YORK, December 2.-The Savann
steamer, which was due here to-day, Is
iayed,and not yet reported this evening, c
oequently there are no changes to report
the orange market. G.S. PALIKE"
ST. LOUIS, December 2.-Fancy orange
83 25@3 0i)i; choice, $3 :W); russets, 2 V5); dema
good, stock light.
G'EARB & & OlGNAIGo
SA VANVNAH COTTON MARBELT.
BAVANNAH, December 3.-The Upla
Cotton market opened quiet at the follow
Meddling fair 10 X
Good middling........... ................... 9 15-16
Low middling............................. ... 9 7-.16
Good ordinary Nominal
The net receipts were 4,853 bales; gr
receipts 4,853 bales; sales 1,00 bales; slock
this port 111,598 bales; exports to Great Brits
8,927 bales; exports.coastwise 2,117 bales.
SEA ISLAND c0T0rON.
SAVANNA-H, December.3.-In Sea Isle
considerable sales have beenuimade to-day
' '- '- '.-':---5-
c crowd. The mechanical display, though- _0-cents::salUted 18cents.-Fiars-Oltier, winter,
Small was ini'teresting.- Anothei year 9ach50c@$4 00 raccoon 1&15 cet.: wild cat
thisdepa r tm .nt ...15 cents; Fox 10@15 n ut.. Bc,-swax, per
this department like all others -will be pound. 18 cents: wool, fr-e from burs, I83.23
increased m yv fold. onts; burry, .15 cents; goat skins 10 ceuts
The amusements provided the second aiece.... erbbl
and third days, were of a novel and in- caa lime, 6110 per bbl.
teresting character, They consisted of Country Produce.
: mule races, tournaments, sack races, C EESE-Fine Creamery 15 cents per
grabbin m s pound. .
potato grabbing matches, etc. LIvE POULTrnY-'Limited supply and ro.o.d
The fair managers are negotiating for demand as follows: Hens i crunts; mis xd 3ii
a site on which to erect buildings and cents; half grown 22 cents. They aiescarce
make preparations for future sessions. asnd in great demand. 23@24 cen per dozen
_ZE,,-Duv,, County. 28@24 cents per dozen
As to the fair as whole, but oneopinion with good demand .nd litujtd supply.
was expressed. Everybody was pleased.. IRISH POTATOES-l-Nortncrn potatoes 6-2 '4i_
SThe display and attendance exceeded all ji2 pers eastern per barrel 8 50, New York
expectation. 8 75 per barrel; Spanish onions, $1.50 per crate.
*. NewYork Cabbage; 10@12c per head.
TDECEMBER WEATE NW BEETS-New York, $275 per barrel.
tB.E Tox""MOATczs-New York, per crate, $100.
Th f- TURNIPS---Ruta Bagsa variety $2 50 per bar-
The following table, compiled from the records TlS-uta Bag variety 250 per bar-
of the Jack-onville Signa Station by Corporal .
T. S. Townsend, represents the temperature, con- F. oreign and Domestic Fruits.
Edition of weather, rainfall and direction of wind Heavy advance in all canned, goods, cover-
for the month of December, as observed at the ting 500 per dozen, most noticeable in peaches,
Jacksonville station during the past 15 years: pears and apples, caused by short crop-corn
and tomatoes; also, in canned fish, principally
TEMP. WEATHR. I. salmon, owing to short catch this year,
------ eatch being lighter than any season for four
EA. s "g ,. PINEAPPLES-SI, @2 00 per dozen. .
21 o 4P-Q~ 0A .2o IdMONS--Messinas, 836503l75 per box.
a a 8 h B M FiGs-New, inlayers, 15c.
-- ---- .. -- DATES-New Persian-Boxes, 9c; Frails 7c.
1872 78 27 50 14 18 4 4.81 NE NurTs-Almonds 18c; Braads 12c; Filberts
1878 79 82 56 9 12 10 8.88 N 'Sicily) 12c; English walnuts, Grenobles, 18c;
1874 79 85 59 6 17 8 0.05 N MKarbots15c; Pecans 14co, Peanuts 6%c; Cocoa-
1875 81 :28 57 15 8 8 8.42 W auts 85 50 per hundred.
*1876 71 2t 48 11 12 8 6.15 NE RAISINS-New London layers, $8 00 per box.
1877 74 29 57 10 10 11 8.82. NE MALAGA GRAPES-Full weErnis, $600 per
1878 74 27 52 12 .'8 11 8.86 W barrel; light weights, $6 00 per b'arrel..
1879 79 836 62 10 11 10 0.46 NE BuTTRimn--Creamnery 20c; Extra Dairy 17c;
1880 78 \- 1-G 14 7 10 1.26 W Dairy 15c. .
1881 79 I I61 6 19 6 2.86 NE APPLES-New York. 82 75@8 75 per barrel.
1882 76 2A 6i 8 15 8 4.84 NW Pears 66.00 perbarrel, 83 00 per half barrel.
1888 78 31) 60 i15 15 1 0.42 NE Delaware Grapes, Catawba and Concord 10@
1884 75 13 i6 7 9 15 4.04 N" l2c.
1885 81 36 5' 12 15 4 7.76 NW lama]ca Bananas *25013,.(0 per bunch.
1881 76 27 67 10 13 8 8.20 SW Retail.
S* The following quotations are carefully re-
Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's rvised for Wednesday's and Saturday's paper
Orange Tree Ftrtilizer has been used are om quotations furniJhed by dealers in t e
City M market:
looking finely. 'T. N rew York Caobage whoiesale at $2 5.Z13(A)
NWFLLI.AMS, CLARK & CO;. per barrel and retad at l 1-20)cents
.- Sweet Potatoes wholesale at 45@50c per
oushel, and retail at 21.12w5cper peck.
Ladies' Purchasingt* Agency. Eags are in fair demand. Dluval county eggs
New York lady o exrare-quoted at wholesale 23.i24c per dozen,
A NewYork lady of experience and =d retail at .4 centa. .t
taste, enjoying the best facilities for Boston marrowfat squashs wholesale at
shopping. under -advantageous condi- $250 per barrel, and retail at 4@5 cents per
tions, offers her services to ladies deisir- New York Irish potatoes wholeale at $330
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap- per barrel, and retail at 10 cents per quart, or
parel, tbilet articles or household goods, two quart rot' 15 cents.
NeLive pouitry-chlckens wholesale at 2514')
at New York prices. Send for circular. ents each; relil iat 5i5Icents each. Dressed
Address MISS S.S. Jones. poultry, per pound--cnlcken, retail, IS cents.
179 GatesAve., Brooklyn. N. Y. Northern meatsa detail 9 s follows: Chicaeo
-? nedeSv. pirf IN. ceets per pound; Florida hebee
Santa per pound; vual Y"23ii cents: pork L2iN.sl16
2,000 Valuable Presents Free. aeni su non IS2eonits; V enison 25 cens;
sausage 15tcenLS; comr~d beef lu cents.e
The Stn-rwy South will distribute 2,000 Egg plants wnolksaie at ':i@75c per aozen
handsome.presents among its patrons on andretail at, p0,e15c each.
January 14th. 1558. Gold and silver Northern rut. baga tarnipsO622.5 per barrel,
January 14t ol ad silve jur quarts f6o 25 cents.
money, gold watches, sewing machines, Northern carrots wholesale at 6" 50 per bar-
silk dresses, fine furniture, valuable el rLailat t w)cents per peek.
books, etc., aggregating over 3,II.0) CIeler.-Kaamazoo, 6 5rnts per dozen, two
bo- talks oer 1:5 cents.
in money. Send for sample copies free, .jrthernC ('ailflower 'i2,25c. iper head.
and for circulars giving full particulars Flirda i.,:ahbbg,wu ol1.il llc per tl'ead
an.] acknowledgments from those who u s, wholale per busher;re-
received presents in the October dis- sapl 10cents perquart.
tribution. Send also the names of your White turnips 221 per barrei, four quaits
friends for sample copies of the paper. (orS cents: ete 1enturmps whoisale at 6
'ents per nuuch, retad 1W cents pe.r bunch.
Address the .Sesiy Sovth, Atlanta, Ga. English peas 2.250,'275 per bufhei, 815cents
A HAIomei in Florida. Canbieiries 8300 per crate; retail, two
A-Home in Florida. uasrtfor L25cents.
Collection of FiestEarly Blooming Bulbs
86Hyaialnths, 36 Tulips. IN: (''rocu,, etc. 'ver
Ho hunIreld choice Bulbs. 54 anied .sorts, ai
half price, only outtLI December 15. -enrt express
paid on recriplt of Five Dols r.
T. L. MEAD. Oviedo. Fla.
Orders taken for the new -Japanese Plums
ratted on their own rock.
17 YEARS ESTABLISHED.
SSoutbern Produce a Specialty.
166 READE ST-REET. NEW YORK.
Conaigfientiet s olicited and returns made
t.r.,mptily. r-te l- aoi l d ,ark,'t r.iv,-o furnisn-
.1 ,*'n ?i..[.[Iient n'n,
iiet'-rerne.--Chatnitrm N.tional BalkIhurber.
Vhilai l A- ,. ., Ne-.w- Yo.rk Ct -; ale.: BankA a, d
etabhlished Prouco Merharnit.: of New York,
Phl4ac'll .ii.' BailtiLL-1'], an-i B,:ir,:.j.
Spe,.?ia tel?.|rahti c ,itt.mors frmts,-hed b.
G. P.Ilm 'r, "bOl.esfili: C', alJ.,'on Merceanr,
PA! Ri-arie .,irUe(.
ESTABLISH ED I 65.
MAKINGG 'P ?U[ I\LiY or
105 C. Ualvert St., aud 104 C1ea0sid,
Baltirn:i.r.e Cas. a Irge >:. i ti,-r .:' r ranges. It 16
a re, i"n l'Viive uiarkct; pri..- tilietuate bit
PRefurete,', ,( .' siiIs.er. ie n Fl!-,runa,
el.,1.'i.l[7 P. P. B3,h.:.p anI. B.,rland Bros.,
C'r'a; Auret. Ba;iy, Dr. W. R. DWittr, San
MIt.-: A. J B. ,'i. P-l itka R.i.eri Bui.:.k,
Eq., Pala-d'a.J. P B. Wtaiker, ,irveh Sprlrgs.
lue ONLY paper .nw-ed anl riu Lv an organ-
iz.t:.a.. o1 FA&RMER;' u tue 5oiita:E
The :off.l. i rgan s :r til -
Ea',lr iii rue ia complete wii ial:bIle reirading-
niarter f r nrt utilr Farmer irut all pi'.:tesiiion4.
Rea1 it and .e. It will keep t -i.iih p i:,te-1, n.:t
,17r 0'i Aliance. mutt-r,c liut on al] .itieirion:
that alect tih iDite',-.ta of Farmner-. It wdi
altvocalteuch imcs,' s ri ac wIl be f.:.r the Li', t
interl'e.[ -' Farmher- It assa ctrcuJrarih.n in
tel htqte': ieI, ':,.U '<- ,' ve- f t-n n e-t ad-er i.lin
meiuunis ,n tre Oiuth. Met',.n.nt, Fnrimers,
Fr i t >.iuwe,.;,auI l a ll w ih, h to, k-el'pI e
oU ihe "griu teit ref.oiin nmirement of the 1'ge,
ih-,-Lii'i read Ine
FLORIDA PABKIERS' ALLIANCE.
ubiiri'pipt,: 'a i perveir. amplee copies free.
This is [tLhe BeL n,1 Chreast' a-e-kly Mn hr;
5..,,it I.. -
Edstor ind' Buciness Manager
B ERMIUDA ONION SEED.
I avre noow ir New York, and Lii receive in a
few days. a ireh i.:,t of Berniuda Onion Seed oft
my ou'-n important. ThjI, variety of Onion la
wF'U known to thegardeners of Florida, having
been succes'fuily grTown and tested through
J. HOWARD TUCKER,
CANADA UNLEACHED HARD WOOD
Supplied in car lots, put up in bags ot- barrels.
Direct shipment. Guarantee analyst. Price
and Pamphlet free. Addiress
Box 317. Napanee,
BLDWELL'S EARLY. BIDWELL'S LATE
and No. 7, arc round peaches, average size,
ripening front May luth to )July Ist. Then Bid-
well'[s IMPROVED PEEN-TO, No. 4, is dat, but
larger and thicker from stem to blossom than its
In Quality Not Excelled by Any
with" not ai particle, at any stage of ripening,
of that bitter so obiecrionable in-the Peen-to.
Ripens with Btdwell'a Early.
Tbese are all seedlings of the Peen-to, a de-
scendant nodoubt ofthat frnut,"found by Atchi-
son in the HazardarakhtRavinein Afghanistan;
a form tciti different shape from that of the
almond, betln larger and latter." "The whole
shrub resombhles w-hat one might consider a wild
form of the peach, of nearly evergreen foliage."
As I am aware there are many- apurions trees
being offered, I would give a word of cautnnon to
the planter. DlIr. Bldwell hAs originated these
trees; our trees he has grown from buds cut
from his bearing trees, most of them by his
Address all letters, for information or trees, to
me, as on account of ill health be has given me
all business connected with the sale of his trees.
City Office and Packing Grounds, Main tree
T ARflW. Mfnr,~'m
This powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength and wholesomneness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds and
cannot be sold In competition with the
multitude of low test, short weight alum or
pbospbate powders. Solta oii, in cans -
ROYAL BAKrNG POWDER Co., 106 Wall St.
TAP&N CLOVER ANDT) TURF GRASS.
(Ltsprdczl-,itaaiind Pniprihtint platevyrcil )
Illustrated and described In FLORIDA FARMER
AD Fauir Gaowa-a.
Supplied at 11.00 per thousand,
T. K. -ODBEY Waldo. Florida.
T. K. GODBEY, Waldo. Florida.
OYAL PALM N NURSERIES."
Rare rr.'.lpcal. orimenritai and frut pliant, for
r.pun airulnirre n Fiorla, dan. foir turNorthern
green houet. Ai-o.. a rull nre oif.emt.-n'-l',cai
rT'es, plainte and rasse-, and general n reery
fti'k J..lplted.1 t:, F],:,r.idi aand thiaut h
Ex,:tits ir,:.m India. AiurraUa and the West
IndieS, many o:f th>ni never 'efole introduced
Into the Unitted States.
The most ,:,:,mprlet dcctr;|tmtve catalog-e .i
tropical and semit. rropical plants pubsihed in
America CatalI:oLe ruaile'J, p,:6r-patd on rie-
ceipti of 1b cenat Free to till customers.
FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE
A Srun.jard Pi-,ke:r F nceMach.ne. T'wo per-
snr can weave ir,,m one to)two hundred rods in
a day, from 4 t: ti fet L ugh. at 5 ost of iram 'u
t,:, ii,'euts a r.,A. Ai.o White LsChorn Cock-
ereila, othe Knpprain." -
E. W. AMSDEN. Ormond. Fla.
F116 ", $.0.'
FOR THE PEOPLE.
T ---E '-,.,'
AN EIGHT-PAGE PAPER.
Has the Excilu.vye Franchve of ithe
ASSOCIATED PRESS DESPATCHES
the Largest and Only Efficient New6 Service 6m
the country. Alo.
A SPECIAL TELEGRAPHIC SERVICE
- "and the most complete
FROM ITS OWN CORRESPONDENTS
from aoil the Leading Citle of the Union, dtr-
ing the season, are indispensable to every
Fruit Grower and are worth to each one
,hW has a daily mail twenty times
the price of the paper. 'Its
are also faU and complete.
OneYear, 810.. Six Honths,85. Three
MHonths, 82.50.- One Month, 81.'
ROB119 iWEERLY TIJIES
is the Best and Cbeapest Wee kly I the Sontb
Contains the Cream of the DaUy for the week. .
Only $1 a. Year;Jo cents for
P. 0. Box 121,'Orlado, Fta.
September. 6,-1887 S8e. o __ ..'
UlRE'00nFAFF- ,;^ 812*' War oth- ^
iln PHCK8 PATENT tMF-oVED .CUsfliONbD AR D"UM- se o"-ffered to olb- *
= M3flT R9WOKKTIM 55aJUG and pOO~M 1116OTk 'Of r
CT =o _rn ini qia d'oni ih. "ork.ct f l -_.- .' 8er~lijerstw tlie, .<" .: ;-':*
m ardnDm. lin. able, comf ertLableo d l ylny t a po.ittion.A -- .-', -
d oitio,-.nd,onhwalgper oh"ddaiaoincUy. Biondfor tol-iod i'i z.;-l' l -"
at s.Bia ;;Vk.."ow"" ..' IMES4. .
-. -...-- - *'- '.* : -. ." ; -' -" .-.-.",- ,--*=:'* ..<' ; ^.': :.. ,,,. ..... ; -c
,.-, .'. .- ._ .. .
.. ; *. :* ; .
~ ~~..,.,: -..."._ '- -_-- -
."-t : .: -S ;: ...".. . '
-. .- -. ",%=. ... .
un ci-naud C 'tlo'.S:, holdrs hbvine,' ,'-uhrcked
t[e aoownward tendency. Tnere ses-ms to be
a su'i.'es,;ed anneLv on the pat t of iuvrcr' to
-; r. dur-leeiraole iines, and If tui hoide' wihi
6tanid L, ( -r,' it s rj;,in. ,-,i rney can cjn-
mand h;bht r-,. than uave ysi prcvall.-d.
Tau shortness of tue cop Es,:ems to be beyond
Common Fioroda... ... ................ Nominal
5ed.'am G(3 r.,as a nad F:.lrida.N..... .Nmrnal
(.ood Fi6rai. ............
Good to Medin i ......... .
'md ) b eli a nc I .e............".'." ....... ..' '
F in e ................ ... ............... ..... ,
Ex ira F',n e... ... ....... .... ..... .... ... 241
JLEAF TOBACCO MARKETS.
NEW YORK, Nov. 17.-Tue m'irkelt f..,r scud
leaf shows a son,.i rait i treasri ariitv.
Sumatra sells rea iil. at il.ii@l."r'i; Havna" ts
quiet, with sales a't r :.. .i,' .).'. '
RICHMOND, Nou--mnnvr *n.-rne market Is
eh-dy and irm. and j i.afis eliingat an
average [ 01 l fI$lia,'1.ol12 per hundred. A flune
arti e wil h bring l.llid.l.
HAV'ANA, Noveiiirjer 2.-Ciear Iaf tor
shipmn-nt t.:, the Untted States 'l-aitl-e, and
sells at iron. f4-1,&,5 per quntal.
Florida tobacco Is setil at Quinry. Lake
City and other place-s 't from 15iir per
Your attention is called to the offer of
a lot in Macedonia City, Lee county,
Florida, and a year's subscription to a
leading paper of the State. for $4. Mac-
edonia City is fifteen miles., south of the
terminus uot the Florida Southern Rail-
road at Trabue, and overlooks the far-
famed bay of Charlotte Harbor. the most
magnificent sheet of water in the South.
An unparalleled offer. Address, for
sample copy of pa perand full particulars,
THE EQUATOR PUB. Co.,
Key West, Florida.
"We Know by.Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by expe-ience what we say regarding
WOFFORD & WILDER.
Ft. Mason. Fla.
'' ?'*' : ^
JACKSONVTLLE, November *, 1887.
ME&ATs--D. S. short ribs. boxed, Sc; D. S
long clear sides, 77/c; D. 8, bellies, 8';
smoked short ribs, .'c: smoked bellies, 81/4c:
S. C. hams, canvassed lancy, 12c; S. C. shoul-
ders, canvassed, c; CalIiornlaor picnic hams,
S%,c. Lard-refined tderi.es, 7-ic. Mess betf'-
oarreis, 69 5; ball barrels, V515); mess pork,
1500. These quotations are for round lots
from aret bands.
BunrEi-Market firm and advancing. Beat
table, 24@28c per pound; cooking, 16.520c per
Grain, "oar, Hay, Feed, Hildes, Edo.
GaRiN-LCorn-The market firm with an
upward tendency. The following fl.ures
represent to-day's values: We quote white
corn, Job lots, 69c per bushel; car load
.ota, w8o per bushel; mixed corn, Job
lots, 69c per bushel; car load lots, 680 per
bushel. Oats higher, In sympathy -with corn,
at the following figures: Mixed, In Job lola,
1_c; car load lois, 4c. VWhlte oats are o high-
ra i around. Bran firmer, $21 -0632 per ton.
Wbeat $6 1)0 per cwt..
HAT -' -A market fdrm. Western choice,
small ot..e- (-21 00(a) 00 per ton- car load lots.
12050 per ton; Eastern hay, f20 50 per ton.
P'A.stL GRrrs Ai-ND MAALr-Orlts, firm,4 01)
FLoUR-Best. patents, 65 20-a5 50; rood fam-
y, 54 95@5 00; common. $4 25.
PEAa-Mlxed 8125. whJps $1 35, clays 61 80.
OorrND PEED--Per too. V26 00.
CoBrvEz-Green Rlo,"00@23c perpound; Java,
toasted, 32@,5c; Mocha, roasted, S3c: Rio,
roasted. 25@28c; ground Rio coffee lt823c per
COTTON SEED MAUAL-Demand light. Sea
land or dark meal, 819 email@example.com per ton;
bright or short cotton meal 821 00@22.
TOBACCO STExMs-Market quiet butin, firm at
11400 per ton.
LnFa-Eastern, 500 barrel lots 1 80, 100 bar-
rel lots $ 0, less than 100$6150. Alabama Ume
115. Cement-American 8200; English $825
per barrel. ..
RICE--The quotations vary, according to
quantity from 5%@6% cents per pound.
SALT'-s,.erpoot, per sack, 8100; per car
oad, 90 ceans.
HiDEs--Dry flint; cow, per pound, first class,
10@12 its; and country dry salted 9Y@10cts;
butchers dry salted 8 cents. Skine-Deer flint,