Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
C.H. Jones & Brother
Creation Date:
August 24, 1887
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note:
A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
000454290 ( ALEPH )
11040152 ( OCLC )
ACL6442 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026760 ( LCCN )

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Succeeded by:
Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower


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Full Text

VOL. ---NO. 34.




V.-Directions for Taking Up
and Setting Plants.
The best way to set plants is to use a
marker made as follows: Take a scant-
ling 4 feet 3 inches long, 2ix1 inches in
size; two uprights 2 feet 11 inches long,
2xl inch in size; and a handle 4 feet
long, 1+xl inch in size. Make two
points or teeth, 9 inches long, 2xl inch
in size, sharpened at- one end. Mortise
the two uprights into the main bar, and
sharpen the lower ends to correspond
with the other two teeth; thus there
will be four teeth. Let these be
ranged along the main bar, 15 inches
apart from centre to centre. The marker
when complete will, be a square (or
rather parallelogram). Taking hold of
it by the handle, the operator sets it on
the ground alongside a rope stretched to
plant by, puts his foot on the main bar,
throws his weight on it, and thus drives
the teeth into the ground three or four
inches, making four holes fifteen inches
apart. This operation repeated often
enough forms a row acros the field. *
The distance between the rows will be
detet mined by the rope each time; 18,
20' or 22 inches is about right; less
distance in poor land, the greater in
strong soil. Some of our best growers
are setting their plants a foot or so apart
in the rows, and the rows about three
t feet apart. This is for horse culture.
Where man power -is used, 22 inches is
Space enough between the rows, and I
like the plants 'as much as 15 inches
To dig. up the runners or plants for
setting, strike a prong-hoe into the
: ground about two inches deep, between
the rows, rip it vigorously alung two or
three times to loosen the young plants,
then gather them enp with as long roots
as possible. If they are pulled up before
the ground is lo,:.ened thi? rootsare ant
: to break off short. -leaving nothing to
S sustain the plant after it is set. The
plantsshould be keptcovered with gunny
sacks or something, and frequently
wetted until they are set in the rows.
It gives' the plant a serious shock if its
roots become dry.
Some growers have children drop the
plants from a basket, while men follow


after and set them. This is not a good
plan ; the droppers are apt to get some
distance ahead of the setters, and the
plants lie in the sun wilting. The best
way is to let each-setter have his own sup-
ply of plants before him in a bucket, or
else have children trained to place the
g plantsproperly in the boles. holdingthem
there while the setters press the earth
about them.
It is of the utmost importance to have
the plants set in a proper and thorough
manner. Children, especially colored
ones, are worthless for this work ; it re-
quires the most trusty men. In the first
place, all plants which have not long,
fresh, yellow roots ought to be rejected ;
short, dark colored roots are valueless.
It is true, the roots the plant has when
set soon die, but they must have sufficient
vitality to sustain the plant, until it has
time to form new ones. If the plant has
a superabundance of leaves it is well to
pluck off some of them : but it is a great
mistake to remove all of them. To spend
time trimming off dead leaves is useless,
though it is advisable to cut off the
runners, for if they aie left long the
ends will become imbedded in the soil.
forming loops in which the hoe will
catch and jerk the plant out before it
becomes firmly rooted.
Taking theplant in the left hand, the
setter straightens out the roots with the
right, whips it into the hole, tucks the
roots down if necessary (but not in a
bunch or mass, holds it with the crown
or bud just level with the surface, the
roots bearing against thesideof the bole.
and with the right hand.t mps the earth
down. This work must be thoroughly
done, else an air-space will be left at the
bottom of the hole. the roots will dry out
and the plant will die. The earth must
be-packed hard clear to the bottom. The
beds ought to be rolled or Fettled by-
rains before setting begins It is difficult
-to have the ground around the roots too
firm. A loose, porous mass of sand will
dry ouft in a few' days, and then the
plant is gone. Tamp it.down hard so as
to give the roots a, chance to take hold
and-grow ; then it can be loosened up
afterward by cultivation. If It is dry
weather, plantonly the afternoon,
let no dry sand go in the hole with the
- roots, but -arefully fill it with moist

earth, ram it down hard, and give it a
final blow with the fist. Then if you
take hold of the plant and give it a
twitch it will not come out of the ground.
It is very necessary to have the beds
smooth and firm, and the crowns of the
plants just on a level with the surface ;
else beating rains may cover them with
sand and smother them. The beds
should slope a little from the middle
both ways, and have no low places
where the water will stand in puddles.
They should be dressed smooth with


prong-hoes, and either rolled or left for
a heavy rain to settle them;. The main
bedding-up can be done with a plow
(back-furrowing) and a harrow.


Directions for Harvesting, Cur-
ing, and Separating Seed.
In compliance with a request we pre-
sent some instructions for managing
broom corn after, it has attained its
growth. The following is taken from.
Charles L. Flint's treatise on broom corn:
The'period of harvesting will depend
somewhat on the use made of the crop.
When the brush is desired, broom corn
can be"cut much earlier than when the
seed is one of the objects to-be sought,
In the former case, the harvesting may.
be performed as coou as the blossoms be-
gin to fall. The quality of the brush is
better at this period than if the cutting
be delayed till later. The brush will
then be of a green tint, and fine and
tough in quality. A .fev days later,
when the.seel is in a milk state, or is
approaching maturity, the brush will
assume a reddish hue, and lose somewhat
of its weight, being in quality inferior to
the green tinted product, and accord-
ingly commanding less price in market.
When the grower wishes to secure a
good quality of seed, and does not care
for a very fine quality of brush, the har-
vesting should not be done unul after
the seedsare fully matured. The quality
of the seed that is planted influences
largely the character of the crbp. Con-
sequently, -care should be taken that all
seed designed for planting should be
perfectly matured before harvesting.
Before harvesting the larger or taller
growing varieties, it is customary to
break down the stalks, turning the-tops
of the stalks of tworows towards each
other, thus leaving a vacant space for
the harvester to work in cutting. This
is done for the sake of convenience, as,
if left standing, ,he height of the stalk
at the place of cutting would make it a
very laborious practice, some of the
large varieties on a rich soil attaining a
height of 15 or 21i feet. From 10 to 12
feet. is, however, a good height. The
stalks are generally broken at the height
of '24 or 3 feet from the ground, those of
two rows being turned towards each
other diagonally, in such a way that the
stalks of one row will cross those of the
other with the tops projecting about a
foot on each side. The crop is then said
to be "'tabled." Each two rows of the
field are thus broken over, leaving a
vacanit space for passing between the
rows and cutting the brush, which is
usually done immediately after the crop
is broken.
Dwarf varieties do not require this
process, but are usually harvested by the
stalk containing the brush being pulled
out from the sheath by which it is sur-
rounded. This is a more difficult opera-
tion than cutting.
After being "tabled" as previously
described, the brush should be cut so as
to leave only 8 or 10 inches of the st ilk
below it, and no leaves. These should
be laid in small bundles upon the table
as cut, and then gathered and put, under
shelter. It is the practice in some sec-
tions to leave the brush exposed to the
sun two or thr'e days to cure, but this
is not to be recommended, as this will
have a tendency to give it a. reddish
tinge, even though cut when quite green.
It also injures the quality, rendering it
less tough and more easily'broken. Ex-
posure to rain is also injurious. There-
fore it should be gathered and put under
shelter as soon as a sufficient quantity
is cut.
When only small quantities of broom
corn are produced, it may be cured in
any sheltered place, such as a shed-loft
or a-barn Ecaffold, where it "will be ex-
empt from exposure to sun or rain. But
where extensive crops -are grown.. a
house especially adapted for curing the

A Use for Tomato Leaves.
We find the following in the Charlotte
Harbor Beacon:
I planted a peach orchard, writes M.
Sirey of the Society of Horticulture, and
the trees grew well and strongly. They
had just commenced to bud when they
were invaded by the curculio, whichdin-
sects were followed, as frequently hap-
pens. by ants. Having cut some toma-
toes, theidea occurred to me that by
placing some of the leaves around the
trunks and branches of the peach trees,
I might preserve them from the'rays of
the sun, which are very powerful. My
surprise was great upon the following
day, to find the trees entirely free from
their enemies, not one remaining, except
here and there where a curled leaf pre-
vented the tomato from ex-eicising its
influence. These leaves ] a retully un-
rolled, placing upon them fresh once
from the tomato vinee, with the esu t of
banishing thie last ini-:t ande -nalilngo
the tr:ese togrow with luxuriance. Wish-
'ing to carry still turther my experi-
mer nt, I steeped in vater esoie leaves
of the tomato, and spr;nhled with this
infusion other plants. rois-s and oranges.
In two days they were also free from the
innumerable insects which covered them,
and I felt sure that had I used the same
means with my melon patch, I should
have met with the same result.

Fruit Evaporators.
The illustrations presented below rep-
resent two patterns of fruit evaporators
manufactured by. the American Manu-
facturing Company, of Waynesboro, Pa.

The smaller is designed for use on a cook
stove. It measures 2.2xsl inches at base,
26 inches in height, hlas 1", square feet of
tray surface, and costs $7. Of its merits
the manufacturers say:
-It is a very simple, economical, effi-
cient and convenient arrangement, and
for farmers' use just what is wanted,
lh-an and durab le. A" lalv can easily

Genuine Smyrna Figs.
Fruit growers all over the State, says
the Rural Californian,. will be interested
in learning that at last it is pc'sitively
stated that cuttings of the genuine
Smyrna fig of commerce have been ob-
tained in large quantity and are now in
California. To W. C. West. of Fresno,
belongs the honor, it is ciaimrud. ,of hav-
ing conferred this all but invaluable
boon uponr the horticulturists of this
State. Other efforts have beui made at
valiions times to secure these figs, .ut so
far, it is feared, without much Euccess.
Mr. We-t's plans, however, were carried
but success uily. an. before many years
have passe-d Cnlifornia, will undoubtedly
supply a gc.dly share of the di(hil figs
now so estent-ivel consumed in the
United States.
, Mr. West spent a year in the work
which lhas just been completed. First
he went to Snvyrna whi-be the trees, were
liden with fruit. and caretully marked
thoce from which be "islhed t'. obtain
ciuttiunu-. Returning in, he
took fluom the tree so marl-t:i 11,0(10
eutting- of theSmitiia fig oef coL-meice,
guownrin the Erhielie district, atnd also
about :.0'i0 v.-Idd or nmalefi es and 5.0(,)
of chlioice varietiesof tal.-le figs. As soon--
as the authorities discovered that the
object.of 3Ir. West Was t-:-ecure cuttings
of the fig of cocm eth-y issued printed
orders that no ,uttinge from this fig
should be tiermitt-:' to cro-s ti e borders
of the country. Bat Mr. West was not
to o:re thwarted in the leinuciprl iLijiect. of
his Irip by ofli--ial -i-Jels, and:l IaEtily
pat king hiseuttiugs in sacks,be smuggled
them on hoard a ship in the night time
and there packed them for shipment.
They reached this country in good ,oider
and have all been planted in nursery. By
another seasc-,n they will be lea'iy for
It will be noticed that besides the figs
of comrnmrrce lr. West sctcuelt 3,Ir000
cuttings ort te wild or male fig. What
his object in doing this was is not ex-
plained. It may bl)., however, that he
intends to make assurance doubly sure,
and will test for himself the ri uth or
falsity ,of the theory of capritication, con-
cerning which there- is so much differ-
ence of opinion. If it shall tuin out
that these cuttings are what they are
claimed to be-the genuine fig cof com-
meree-then many million dollars have
been added at a stroke to the wealth of
this State.

crop becomes a necessity. The interior FORAGE CULTURE.
of such buildings have a large number of
racks prepared, upon which the brush A Satisfactory Experience with
is spread very thinly to dry. The racks
are made with narrow strips of boards, Grasses and Root Crops.
alternating with openspaces, in order to BY S. SANDERS NEOK.
admit the air, and hasten the curing I am amused and interested by the ar-
process. These rack shelves should be tiles and experiments made by new set-
from 8 to 1.0 inches apart, so as to permit tlers with forage crops. One claims this
a free circulation of air. The building and another that as the best crop for
should have every convenience for ven- fodder. In the first years of my experi-
tilation, but the ventilators should al- ence here, I, like many others, tried the
ways be closed in stormy or damp long list of Doura corns, teosinte, prickly
weather comfrey, and grasses, all of which I
When the brush is harvested green, have concluded are of little va'ue when
the seed is generally separated from it time, risk of success and labor are con-
before curing. This is done in various sidered. In point of soil I have some of
ways. Machines made for this purpose, the finest in the State for experiments,
with revolving cylinder, or similar to a all of which I now leave for others to
threshing machine, are much used where- try, since experience has shown me re-
large crops are cultivated. They can be suits that are convincing.
worked by hand, foot, horse, or steam I will begin this present season and
power, according to size. It can also be show the operations on to this season of
done by holding the heads to the cylin- next year. It must be. understood this
der of a threshing machine, and not routine of crops applies to land that has
permitting the brush to be drawn in. been chopped fo. thirty years (a po.rti:-n
Where small quantities are cultivated, a of it). From the thli to the end of May
hetchel made for the purpose, or a long- I sowed ten acres in cow peas, using one
toothed curry-comb are frequently.used, peck to the acre, in drills two and a half
When seed is immature, it is of little feet apart. When they were up about
value as food for stock, and may be best one foot high the first plowing and hQe-
utilized in the 'compost heap. Broom ing was given them. Just as they begin
corn seed is very liable to heat, and should to run to vine the middles are broken out
be spread very thinly on a scaffold, or with a shovel plow. By alternate plant-
floor, to become perfectly dry before be- ing the vines come on in succession,
ingstored. Rats and mice should be kept avoiding a large amount of work at one
from 'the brush while curing, as they time.
will waste and destroy large quantities. As soon as the vines flower and a few
pods appear, the. vines are chopped off
English Sparrow Condemned level with the ground, with sharp hoes,
Editor Florida Farmer and auit- Grower: or brush scythes. This should be done
I notice the question of the "English at a time when one is somewhat sure of
Sparrow in Florida" is raised in the Au- dry weather. Plantings inMay are fit
gust8d issue of your paper. I wish to ut. for cur ng in August and september a
ter a word of warning to our Florida seas on when we may expect dv. bot
friends "A short horse is soon curried." days. Te vines should ls fur dhys.
I need only to say that the said sparrow By that time they are well cured, and
is utterly execrable from every point of can be arveCed. They must be well
view, and is utterly useless as an insect dried ad put. away in a dry, a iry
destroyer. baru. From the ten acres I anticipate
It not only drives song birds away, but harvesting fifteen to twenty tons of the
gets into their nests and.kills the young finest feed for cattle or holtsee. I make
and breaks the eggs like the' Butcher the estimate of quantity from former ex-
bird. It will destroy the flowersof fruit perience. s
trees by the thousand for pure mischief Atherthecow peasare bar td I sow
as I have often witnessed, the land in cye, using one l ushl co the
Every possible effort should be made acre, plow in and harrow. If sown in
to keep it out of Florida, as I predict if August or early part of September there
it should ever become common, there will be a fine pasture in December and
will be no danger of a surplus of oranges until March, when rye begins to head.
or other fruit. Depend upon it, the only Then turn it under as a fertilizer.
good sparrow is a dead one. Sow cow peas in April. This gives
B F CLAdYTON. .fed in June and July. Turn the vines
Secretary National Viticultural Asso- under and plant sweet potatoes. When
ciation, No. 24 Park P1ice, New.York. these are lipe chop off the vines, lay
-. then between the rows and cover with
A Roach Exterminator. plow,. This is another fertilizer. The
Editor Forida Farmer and fPuit-Grower 'cow pea I look upon as a certainty. In
your of July hin newly cleared lands they sweeten the
In your issue of July 27th, in answer s and produce ine crops.
to an inquiry, you say the only effectual l Alay dres a piece of land-over with
way o gettingrd of roachessto drench say thity to fifty bushels of fresh air-
the places where they congregate w ithbslacked lime, p10W" in and harrow
hot water. But there are many places sUooth. You will have, if the land has
dearto theearts of roaches where you been cultivated, a fine crop of grass for
can't well use hot water--china closets, -
bureau drawers, etc.
Now, for the good of afflicted human-
ity, I want. to sa that there isasureand
effectual destroyer of roaches,: that is
easy to get and easy to apply. One or
two applications will kill or drive away
every roach. This I know to be a posi-
tive fact, for I have tried it, and ot hers
have tried it. It is also recommended
for mice and rats, but I have not tried it
on them. I refer to "J. H. Richard's -
Exterminator," which comes in small :. '
tin boxes, costing 25 cents each. I sup- W
pose it maybe bought at almost any
drug store. It is an exterminator that
exterminates. J. W. W. .
LAKE HELEN, Aug. 15. 1887.
LWishine to test this exterminator, we i
have inquired for it at several drug B
stores in Jacksonville, but fail to find it. .
Will J. "W. W. please give us the manu- ,
facturer's nameand address?-A. a. c.] AMERICAN rITI
cattle from the middle of July to Octo-
Para Grass in Orange County. bert.-If a part is left for cutting, sbmuch
The Longwood Republican expresses tLb better. I have made excellent hay,
these eminently sensible sentiments: be.t r than any I can buy-for cows.
Mr. Sylvester Root keeps up his e2peri- Thb grass can be chopped up with a hoe.
ments with forage plants. He showed I Lnd carrots, for horses, a valuable
us the other day a bunch of Para grass 'food. To grow them successfully they
seven or eight feet in length, which ap- req ire deeply plowed land and a dress-
peared as if it should be good food for 'inig Fsuperphosphate .Bradley's, I have
horses or cattle, and he says they like it had excellent results with) 'when the
ab well that they will even leave their sebt is gown, and two slight dressings as
graiu for it. Experiments enough have' j g?w off. They need the same cul-
now been tried to show conclusively that i*ton as turnips. During the winter
nothing but laziness stands in the way bsiatsthe carrots can be pulled as re-
of our people raising an abundance of yed, Cover them over with a few
fodder at half the cost of the imported f.o 'es of soil to prevent injury from
hay which it will replace. If $10 can be fro Sow carrot seed the first part of
earned in the State for every $20 which S.eember.
we now send out. of it for a ton of hay, !Tibav concluded that we can produce
that means $30 per ton transferred to the it'.ploriaa all the necessaries for home
other side of the ledger of our common- .ebfsumption. Corn, oats, cow peas, rye,
wealth, ahd it is by just this eort of do- sugar cane, sweet potatoes, rice, all va-
mestic economy that we may, if we will. rleties of.' vegetables and fruits. What
make our State safe in assured wealth, ope can any other country produce?
instead of the eternal poverty which will OcALA, Fla.
certainly follow the neglect of our re- .f *
sources, and a continuance of our prips- .AJ. W. Hampton, of Auburndale, has
ent spendthrift policy. a- ite Malaga grape vine he brought
.-' from -California fifteen months ago,
-The DeLand College is to have a whb hisnow over one hundred and fifty
library of 1,000 volumes. -fdeet(in length. -

--.-'. .
r "- -.
b5.'-- -

lift it on and off the stove as it weighs
but about twenty pounds. It has inter- Cold Storage in New York.
changeable galvanized wire-cloth trays, The largest cold storage establishment
which will not rust or discolor the fruit, in the world is said to be the Brooklyn
etc., and will last for.years. It is made Bridge Company. In building the
of iron, except tray frames and supports. Brooklyn bridge, a large number of
Can be used for broiling beefsteak, fish, stone arches %ere constructed for the
etc., using but the lower tray when used approaches on either side. aunl thl vast
for this purpose. It is furnished with vaults thus made have been utilized by
heat regulating damper below the trays, the Cold Storage Company. The walls
which can be instantly adjusted. Is are thirty-seven feet thick and are lined
always ready for immediate use. with sawdust, waterproof parchment
The second cut represents the No.. 1 paper ahd boards.
The establishment is divided into a
large number of immense rooms, and in
-- ach a separate class of articles is kept,
no room containing more than one vari.
ety at a time. The rooms are all lighted
KI : by electricity. The temperature is care-
fully guarded in accordance with-the
'various products to be preserved, in
some cases as low as 10 to 12 degrees
above zero being the limit. Thousands
of chickens, snipeand other poultry may
be seen here, frozen stiff, with hundreds
of carcasses of beeves and sheep, all
sorts of vegetables and fruits, eggs,
hides, and indeed everything of a per-
ishable nature which is dealt in by the
merchants of New York.
Over twelve miles of piping reach
._-. through the rooms, and the arrange-
ments for ventilation are such that the
- air is kept perfectly dry and cold. Al-
EPORATOeR. though the pipes are covered with white
frost, there is no moisture to ii, but it is
American evaporator, -'size 6 feet long, as dry as powder to the touch. By an
22 inches wide, has* 14 trays, capacity ingenious arrangement the temperature
about 6 to 8 bushels of apples per day (of in the various rooms is never allowed to
15 bpurs.; Trays of galvanized wire- go outside certain limits, and if any
cloth, furnished with furnace, pipe and given variety of fruit is put into a room
everything complete. Can beset up in a at a certain temperature, that room is
few minutes. Burns coal or coke best; kept at that point until the fruit is re-
short wood will answer. Consumes moved.-Ex.
about 50 pounds of coal, or its equivalent *--
in coke or wood per day. Weight, 350 Topics for Our Contributors.
pounds. Price $50."
The American evaporator is manufac- We shall be glad of communications
tured in six sizes, No. 0has a capacity of in response to the following inquiries:
3 bushels of apples per day (of 15 hours) A. E. M. asks: 'How are pomegran-
and costs $25. No. 5, which is built to ates propagated? Will buds taken from
order only, has a capacity of 150 bushels young trees not yet come into bearing,
of apples per day (of 24" hours), weighs produce fruit-bearing trees? How is this
5,000 pounds, and costs $450. The man- in regard to other trees? the peach,
ufacturers claim that the American has plum, &c."
secured several hundred premiums at C. E. S. writes: "I have a strip of
fairs. Their catalogue contains a great land, Jow but not wet, covered with
number of testimonials and full descrip- scrub oak, saw palmetto and pine-hard
tions, with illustrations of their various pan two feet from. surface.- It .is too
evaporators. A. H. C. low for oranges, peaches or figs. I would
like to know if grapes can be grown on
-Parties from the North are in Orange it, and if not, what kind of feuit is it
county looking up-a location for an es- adapted to?" '
tablishment for extracting perfumes and J. F. writes that he is hauling muck
oils from herbs. Pennyroyal and pep- of the sort that forms floating .islands
pernmint both grow wild in great abund- and wishes to know. how best .he can
ance in Orange county. make it available for his fruit trees.



- ~2",--- -. zr -4
A ~-,



The Californians' Last Device
Against the Scale.
The orange growers of California seem
at last to have overcome their most ob-
durate enemy, the cottony cushion scale.
The method is rather elaborate, consist-
ing of enveloping a tree with a tent and
filling this with a deadly. gas. The Pa-
cific Rural Press presents the latest re-
sults.of these experiments as follows :
Our Los Angeles friends are pursuing
the good lead which they struck in using
poisonuius gases for the cottony cushion
scale. NMr. Moee, of the University, has
iet.nii ,l to ilie fight on the Chapman
place, and .eit us the other day a box of
the insects which Mr. Chapman had
dosed with the gas four weeks before.
We were gratified to find that the eggs
had apparently been completely killed.
We gave the specimen a careful ex-
amination with the microscope, tearing
open the sacks and examining the con-
tefits. We found the eggs shrivelled
and discolored.- In the sacks we found
many larvae, in some as many as 50, and
all dead. It lroks now as though the
application would kill all hatched-larVme
even before emerging from the sack,
and the unihatched eggs also. We have
kept the specimen during the last week
under conditions suitable for incubation,
but no living thing has appeared. This
,is much better than was anticipated, for
in the earlier ,samples we had of the
treatment, the old ones were dead, but
the young and eggs were in a healthy
state. Of course, further observation is
needed to establish such efficacy for the
gas, but now it looks very promising.
We notice that tbe Los Angeles super-
visors have 6et apart. $250 for continuing
experiments with the gas treatment.
They have rescinded their action of two
years ago offering a reward of $1,i,01 for
a perfect remedy, as the relief promises
to come through public channels. Mr.
Coquiilettc, who, in connection with Mr.
Craw. devis-d a gas treatment, as we
described some time ago in our columns,
is continuing his work. He is now an
agent of the U. S. Division of Edtorimol-
ogy. It appears fr-om a publication in
last weeks' Los Angels.Herald that Mr.-
Coquillette is using hlie same material
which Mr. Morse announced as an effec-
tive killing agent, viz.: hydrocyanic acid
gas.- Both these gentlemen seem to have
had similar experience in ill effects upon
the tree and both hare apparently over-
conme. it. as Mr. Morse described in his
Univer-'itv Bulletin, by using caibonic
and cyanhydr;c gases together. Thie fol-
lowing is a table- hitinui proportions
w hlih Mr. C.oquillette dceidle: upon after
his expel ineUt-. :
S7 i i. .. f B- .: ...,- Sulphuric
iZ:r -..f I~' -- i'l Lii"i .ra : -'. ..Ir, '1 Acid,
a .:": -'l 1 i 'i : ii fl i, .. :

12t ..... .... 1 1 .
.I I... ... ] ,, .ll .r5:
U .. . 1.3 i
1. ... .c .' I
I, .' ... .. t1 ,.

II........ ... 1 l-

. ii l
I"t..... ... .".0, "."', 7
16 1.. 7 5VL.' "."
r. 7 7 Ll
5 D.

The mode of conducting tlhe treatment
is as follows : The cyanide solution is
prepared by dissolving 1i) pounds of the
solid salt in about two and a fourth gal-
lons .,f water warmed nearly to the boil-
ing point, stirring at intervals, cooling
and then diluting to two and a half gal-
lons. This solution will contain about
one ounce,of cyanide of p,,tasslum to
two and one-half fluid ounces of the
rhe bi-caibo nate o:f soda is pulverized
finely aid ueas.utedl off in a vessel
marked so as to design te pr,.und' andl
fractions of a pound of the solid material.
It iE then pla',ed in thLe gener-atr, and
the do'e of c-yariide- mixed with it, and.
if nrce.-'ary. a little watel added tomake
it into a thin paste. After addliug thie
mt-asuted ds.e of sulpluic, acid, the
pump is ivoikedl slowly at the fil'st and
more rapidly after the gas has passed
into the tent. The time for each treat-
ment musnt be determined by future ex-
periments. Fifteen minutes seem to be
quite sufficient when the cyanide alone
is used, but it may be desirable to ex-
tend the treatment to ;30 minutes when
the foliage is protected by the carbonic
acid gas.
The use of such an agent as prussic
acid andi the character of the appliances
-needel for-its application makes it prob-
able that insect destroying may become
a business on the part-of men who are
Competent to handle such agents. If the
work proves as good as indicated by the
specimens sent us by Mr. i1orse., the
.fruit-grower can welf afford to pay a
good price to ai professional. who will
come with hIs outfit and treat the trees.
It wilt be a'great ie-ief for, the gr'iower to
escape-the cost and borher.of spraying
frequently. We hcpe, it may turn out
in this way. although we must have, of
.course, much wider experiment to de-'
monat rate the success of ithe effort.-.

-Manure Help,s Against Drought.
A writer for .the Rural New Yorker
says: Farmers are generally satisfied
that manure is adelp against drought.
We may confidentlys expect a drought of
Smore- or less- severity every- sLummer.
- The aim is;to push the plant to its.fullest
S. work duringg Ihe growing-season.- A-
healthy, powerful plant is in far better
condition to.withstand drought than one
th-t- atweaki.- and half grown. Strong
and q" -u-'jl l uick "manures. then,-that push the
'plant along through the spring or early
S summer arer, desiired: -At tbe pri-esent
t--n tine the effects d various fertilizers ares
p laily.written over our farmnl.rn a-fiel&
_...- sweet corn'we notice that flve'-rows'
': 'are at least"twvo ,irchbeg-'taller nth'ai-thbe:
r .'-es ot.6tf,'te ';efid.-de-.whol'e flel'd:,wais
"-- ... .'plantcd'dro-thb.-a, e'da':." MThe iuaiure

: -' "- '
"' " .- --' -- '""- "-- .' "- -


used on the five lows was originally lthe it. The land having been manured tively inadequate in size for the support
same as thatused on the rest of the field, broadcast with at least forty loads of of such vigor. This is done by a practice I
but was treated differently. It was good manure, or its equivalent of feit I. not -enerally known outside that vicin- A
boughtatanauction last winter. The last izer. it should be plowed in nai row lands ity. When a plant shows by the condi-
two loads were dumped by the side of of fifteen to twenty feet, the water fur- tion of its loots that it requires a supply t
an old strawberry bed, the 8od of which rows to act as auxiliary drains. After uIt es.h ,il fror its support, instead of
was thrown into the pile. The dish- being thoroughly fined lthe seed are Etliitting it into a arg-r pot. it is taken t
water and chamber slops wtie thrown drilled in, fifteen inch-s apart, and in our and the soil washed clean from thie
over the pile from day to day, and the fair weather will le up in two weeks. routs, and either placed back again in
whole mass worked over with theli fork when tlihe stirring slouldh comtnucie at the same p:.t. in fish soil, or in one of
twice during the winter. TLis manure, once. Indeed, without thorouihi culti- only a s nigle size larger.
put on the first five rows. gave the result vaticn and hand weedirii thle-re is no Tlji washing the soil from the roots.
previously described. chance of success in r-nin growing at instead it" shaking it off, has the advan-
: __the South, wher-e ihe Kruc th of grass stage of leaving all tibe filbies, ,r working
TRAINING GRAPES TO STAKES. and weeds is so tioubltEhl ie. At ro':.oit. intact 'iile by. shaking the s-il 7i
fourI hoei1gs. the push or LiDttch ihoe f-omn the ball the rmoit valuable parts of
A System of Vine Culture o being preferable, will Ibe necessary. the ioot ;1ir injuied. P'laints thu.s irvwn
A System Vine culture tor They should b-itlncD.-l to tiieeorf:,iri are rartl"Ul-tily valuable for .ditant .
the.Use of Beginners. inches Ein the oliw. the White nueot. n n.:t hipjment, 1- a a strcn, and vior.:cius
: BY D. R. PtL-BFRY. requilinig as sevEte thinni a *;ri- va- ,lant is ,:itaii-e1 -itli-ut ti.- necessity
Grape culture is surely .oniting into rieties, they hbeirig the uie-t ,of any to o:f ,hipphing a hea-avy weight .:.f soil.
great prominence in Fhlorida. and the lull, rr,,perly. As trnIajIl.lautfl onion-c "
prospect appears g,:,od for Northern take r.-ct very readily v,.:at spaclay HOW to Unload: Muck.
grapes to become what strawberries be supplied, tlie r:,ot :,t tc tyour, plau
already are, an important.,commercial being first cut back to a length of about Editor ?,lorida Farmer and F .(
fruit. Our pioneers in vine culture are one inch. w -.. ei t would like to make da ing utc'n to
freely explaining their systems and The crop being wanted for immediate your readersabout unloading muck. All %
methods, but it has seemed to me that use and not for storing, the onions are to spring I -was worried by seein, a black
all methods of training I have seen-pub- be pulled as they successively indicate an shovelning mncout o0" hca it iand
lished so far, have been too elaboratefor maturity- by toppling over. :After being I had a hand Who0wanted t,, shovel itr
the beginner without experience. A left.on the groundto dry for a couple of out of my-wagon; Take rthe bed ofT
plan for training a few vines for home days thenecks are cut off an inch or so fromthe wagon and use Iieces lx4 of
coniumpti.:u, or ltme market, that will from the bulb and. the onions carefully same length as the bed, for theb- Icttm.
educate the tyro up to the better system packed in bushel crates. and tW6- boards for'the idles. Wit,6n ,
of the wire cr siat trellis, has not been Onions ralige from $1 to $2.50 -per you getto the place to unload go to the S
given, bushel crate. The crop, however, if rear end of the load--and lilt one of Elie
Thegrape is oneof the mostpersistent properly grown and of the large ya- side boards, dropping it betw en then
bearers of all fruits, and in-this climate, rieties, may reach 800 bushels or more. standaids and wels. Then comr,,enc-
seems to outdo itself in early and ex- The onion produces seed the second ing rn Earm side,' liftup t[he bottom
treme productiveness. Very likely there year, and, if carefully saved from well: pieces and drop them in witLirle side
may be localities in which success will .sha ped bulbs, Southt.rn grown is as good board his drops the load un der the
not be perfect, but on well drained and as any. The seed stalks of some ot the wagon, be done in iuc-r, less
well enriched soils: there is e vrv reason large foreign varie-ties are five feet high time. If I could draw well I w:,uld illus-
to expect we are to add tbe grape to ourt and need to L, supported. The se.,d is trate, but probablyyou can get the idea. C
list of fruits. But I was going to say ripe enough for gathering when the puads It is the. saxe way in which gravel and c
son,Ftbhing about t fiiamirngand training commence to bust open. The stalks are dirt are unloaded in making fills on the i
to stakes athler than a ti-llik,. a being then carefully cut over a pail or open roads in Ohio. L
simpler for the beginner. bag to avoid waste ,of a part of ihe L W. H. ROoP. r
To begin with the cutting, it may seed, and when more fully ripened,L MOMEEKIN, Fla.,July 30, 18.
gror the first year jiist as it will, with- thrashed out, At Norfolk onion.are not .
out any training or trimming, but in the grown for market from the seed. Sets The Moon Hoax.
fall all the lop must be cut away to ofthePotatoonionare put out inAuius- Modern Aupeiutitn iu exemplified in
within a few inches of the ground, learv- aid September, and those of the Silver the following passage in a letter to their
ing only three or four buds. Then set a Skin and Yellow Danveis in February. N. Y. Tribune:
good durable stake 6 or 7 feet high, to There is no known remedy against the I always build my fence when the
each vine, and when in spring the buds two insects which infest the onitn. They horns of the moon point up, and stake
pudh. allow two to grow. and as they penetrate thebulb in theground,aud the and rider it when the horns point down;
extend let them ie tied to the stake first indication of their presence i tethe t two draw together and my fence
DO no pruning in summe-r, but look out death of the plant.. neverfalls. The mcon houli govern
for leafr n,llrs. for which the only rem-
o leaf rr which the only rem- AWo us in all our operations. (out school--
edy is thumb -and finger and extreme POTTING PLANTS.-u naloroprtos u chl
ed. is thumb and finger and extreme +n +J "-house, contrary to my advice, was roofed f
watclifulni. ---- .intheligit, ofthe mo.,n, and iast win.
In the fall cut back your two canes to AMatter of First Importance In ter nearly all- the children had tilhe
6 or 8 feet in lengthand either then or :. Floriculture. measles, and now the roof is leaking
in spring before growth commences,
b,enud the tups f tbele to the ground and "Below are extracts from the chapter badly.
tie to the foot of he- stak-es. The fruit on "The Potting of Plants," in "Peter
is one foaal frnt these nr Henderson's PracticalFloriculture."'To HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED.
Is borne on lateral- front these canes--
that is what tl, e canes are for-and any one who -as pot plants fo- care -for, "
when in fall you trim again, they are to these instiructionS areirnvaluable:
e cut enel aw But f next Te tirst operation of potting is when: A Few of Many Expressions of
be cut erithely awiay. But ^lot next- Aproal
-e-crn's,:rp ylu will have allowed two the-root cutting is transferred :from ithe Approval.
or three canes to grow from as near the cutting bed to the pot. Almost without Mr. W. W. Dewhurst, of St. AugtitLne,
root as t,-ilh,-whicharetrained to the exception, plants of every variety, at this writer of tlhe FAR.1 R AN FRUi-1 tC.' n,,W F
stakes just as the two were last year. stage, should be placed in a to;r,' thunder late of July 13: "h.- tIlts -'aler oI
The same .r,,cess is repeated y early pot. Occasirnally s.ome of the coiei rteaiiy in, advance of anything ever be-
save that as E, vin- b.cmes strong going geaniums may reire t ore priited in Floiida of it-. class and
five ur eve ,orn canvas be allowed t i:h t ti aim -is. s near- what e itve In,:-
to g ,row t- o.:r th ie-wi.n,,'e lirn:g veai rjid roots are too large for the two-inc h p.t needs-,, that I fK.el it a Adutv to give it ai.J.
each -r i)" i,,n t ti tle lUindniiff- Tbehgreat maEs cf plants. when In the Th farmers and others lding the ,in-
cnitOi f i-cot.:'I cottiu;s Ido much Tter e rs al rt
eut dire-'cti'ns. Thi .-.te-m isoftoen Lur- roni-itior rootd c tti. i Uu tr .t f t.h Stateabve pri.ate-p,-cuIa-
i.kied in latge vineyards, and like other better in the smaller siz, for the reas on mst organize t control te Lels-
pians depends on the law that ftuit is tiat the smaller mas-tof cil in the to-w I aiure atd they need a Uewspaper to
borne on last year's-not older-wood, inch pot allows the moisture to pas o educate them and prepare to tork (ut I
and when yu a t tle fiit you quicker, and thereby prevents the soil the sujects for legislation and secure
aed w iyout tae got td a fruits iouo fom becoming sour- or so-ddeu, which unity of
are done with the wod,. and its room uni i fa-."
should begivrn r thecanes raised during would be thecace if thecuttinghad been
sthouldbegi seon just cloed. orar er-potted in a three or four inch pt.or Mr. J. R. Campbell. of Paisley, writes
the beston jusyste :tiainig the grapeed. The operation of potting cuttings is to tius as follows: "Out of five papers I
The best aste ,,f training the grape urs i the ol one I read every
in Florida, afterali must be found by very simple. The pot is filled to the leel take. yours isheoly one I read everyof
experiment and practice. It is possible with soil, a space made in the centre word of."
that in sine instances rambling over an with the finger, in the centre of the soil, G.W. IV. wri-es: "The FA'MFR al.D
extensive ar or trellis may be etter of sufficient size to admit the root, FRUIT GROWR I believe is destined to
for strong growing kinds than close wh ich i-placedin theopening this made. be- a power. Being centrally located, as
pruning. but it must be remembered that Tlhe oil is closed in again by pressing a medium of communication between F
last year's wood Ives us the fruit, and with the thumbs close to the neck of the different secti,,ns and interests its worth
to get successive crops, new w ,od n must cutting, which firms the soil abucat the cannot be estimated.'
be had. roots. Asmart rap is -truck- the sie ofi Mr. John A. (Germond, of Keuka, I
SA.NEOR., Fla. the pot with the band, which levels the writes, under date of July 5, as follows: i
surface of the soil, and the work is '-I consider the FARMER AND FRuii i
Ois f arkt. done. (4RWER Lhe peer of any agricultural
Growing'Onions for Market. After the plants are placed in pots, ptper piubli.hed in the South." i
The foi:lo,.'nng is trcm the tre-atise on they areslhaded from two to six day i., by M. W. C'. Plyle-y, of Oran-'-e Heiglhts,
"Truic k Farming at tl-ie South." contain- covering them within paper while the sun writes, under date of July 2:' "You c-an
ed in the report rt the Dep.,aitmient of is -hining o-n them. care hein'i taLi-n to not iuaceue theosJlid c "mfcrt I at frou n t
Agriculture for 1"5. 'i he writer is Dr keep tl-e paper moist by. sprinkling. F-toi rh. -rasille advice tiven in ite FARMtIER
A. Oemler, o Savannah, "vhc is the nearly all the common kindsi of held.lion AN. FR-TIT-GR,:-WER, in .i matter per- i
eta.idard atttChority :.n tbi -ubje?-t. In plants., suci as roses, verbena., heiho- ta1ing tuth- tarm, from v'cur aclet
r, ~~caingE ,tLuEthe tarm1, front your able-t
following his directions in Fliida due tioce., etc., cuttings in the'e two-incob -of contributors and tie logica
allowance should be made for difference pot-,. if etood on tableswhich are coveid cies of th editor. The paper isaGoi-
in sieas.on: with an inch o f sand and oecisinall iend o thlie t-ariTger who is threading
A few only of the many varieties of moved, to keep thie loots from pushitcng e r rh wI' i thain
the onion aie grown for market. too far through into the sand, will keep thelabvrirth wasofForia farmin-
It had long been erioneously held that in a healthy c.nditicn from one- to two ani rit g-tlwing.
I h lMr. P. C. Minnich, ot Waldo, writes:
the onion could, not be grown at the mouths, at the cool season of the year, ..-The new paper is just what allh engaged
South from seed. I was probably the from January to May, but when the pots in tilling the soil should have. We like
first, in 186I., to prove otherwise. get filled with roots the plants should be the stvle in which it is managed. Facts I
The aim cOf ithe truck farmer should be shifted into larger sifzed pots to keep and nt boom talk is what is needed for
to get. his crop into .market when it is titem in good health, the advancement of Florida."
most. hare of he same article from1i other When plants are required to be grown ,.-. (Charles F. Oliver, of Neow York
sections. With this vegetable it is dimf- as specimens or of larger size, for sale in City, writes: "'I have seen but 'two
cult to do -so. The tidrst spring crop spring, they must be repotted at inter- coies of your paper, but am much
comes from Bermuda from seed grown valsas the condition of their growth de- taken with it, as I believe it is honest.
in the Canary Islands of the Madeira mands. For example, to grow a fuchsia You have no idea what trouble we have b
onion. The next, other than- from the fo'a beight.ofsix feet and three feet in to find out anything about Florida that
extreme South. is the Potato onion, diameter, a pot of at least twelve inches can be believed."
grown at Norfolk from sets. -About across the top and twelve inches in Ar. Percival, Brewer, of Monmouth,
June 15'the supply- from Bermuda is depth would be necessary, but it would tIll., writes, under date of April 9th: "I
generally nearly' exhausted, and the not do to.jump.from the .two-inch cut- ithiik your paper the best agricultural
Southern crops should then be sent to Ling pot to thissize at once. Three or paper published i n the South." e
market. four different shifts should be made as a tr J \ a of p e n ao
Thie best varieties aie the foreign Ma- general thing, not greater than from a V.... ,.b .Pen.... .
deira. the small While Queen and Giant two-inch size to a three-inch, and so Prr6eses irZtselfas 61 locws: .ThenFruaE
Rocca. No -eel but of the previous on a AND FRIT-GROWER IS tlte best thing in o
crop should lie used iThe onion,. being .In most cases the slightest tap on the its way I have e,een t is just the papei
-eery harddv maty be ,owu at. any time edge of the pot is sufficient to turn out "uneele d andi you eepit up to hepres-
dirling the fall. tut those put ib about the ball of earth. Soil, in depth accord- ..a..a of e cl n e" u t b- o
January 1 will escape the usually iin- ing to the size of- the plant, shculd-be PoPular with he,.People.: I can
clement weather of Decemher, and will- placed in the.bottom of .the pot, the ball ." wher y h l ,ny r f
come iu early enough.Z--. .. placed in the centre and the soil picked PI-ovement".
The best soil is a deep. rich, friable ,moderately firm in the space-beween Mr. Tbomas Meeban, dhe distingished
moid, such as is firtquently found in -that and the sides of the pot, either by horticulturist and propietor of the Ger-
river bottoms. Such turf meadow land- the finger, or by a pieceofwocd madeof mantown nurseries., in a letter dated
near Chester, N. Y., produces from 800 suitable size for that purpose. When March th, writes: "I am vet- much
to 1,400 bushelsof thecommot Wethers- plants are firstpotted, off ors-hifted, they pleased with the FARMER aND FR.IT-
field onion. The onion-crop is one of should be stood with-the pots touching GRCWRtt, and shall read it regularly,
the most diffiCulr;ones to. keep'clean, each other, if.the diameter of -the plant which you know is a high compliment
and, if possible, newly cleared land.- free- is less than that of the pot, but ,af they for an editor to pat,,o an exchange."
of grass and weed seed should be select- begin to develop growth,, t.he plant's Hon. J.-C. Pelot, of Manatee, wi-ites as
el, but -whatever-..the land-may be it should be spread- apart, -according to follows: "I look .upon-. your paper as
sahonid .be thoroughly prepared and be their size or. developmentof -fohliae, to .one. of the most valuable additions to
clear of lumps.-Hog manure is generally alhhw-the air free circulation around the ouir,.agricultural interests. It. is ably
considered-the best -for- thisccic.op. If pots. -* -* --- edited, practical, directs attention to
stable manure is used:it should not be: It.has.often been.a.matter of surprise matters of. pri-hary importance in the
'mixed too. much with cc'arse-litter to ,to~many.a-mateut- how it is that-such development of onr various industries,
-prevent its-being plowed under shallow....extraordinaay vigor and, health are. ;ob- and carries with .ita spirit of energy and.
TFrimented manure is best on-:account.o .tainedin:the plants-grown by many Ne~4~ntei-pr'ise that must address itself to &yv5
"riot having so many live seed'mixed.with York florists, in pots be-:en- ery searcher aft ei information." ." "*-.r,

- WE~8 ~e

" '!

Mr. L. H. Arn1stron-, of St. Nicholas'
Dural county. whites under date of
FRutr ;GROaWR has far s-urpassed expec-
ati,,ns. It sheds i;ght on many obscure
,ga-,s in tle book of Florida's poesibili-
ies iin fruit, loiace. live ttock nani d in the
leeiopment -of her vast store of hidden
eeiou rces."
Mr. Irving Kec[k. of the Boa ling Green
Land aud Improvement Company,
vrite' under date it May d: "We
hlie Le-t tO t-e hld lot'- farmers in Flrr-
dta. Wetilwa.yc get n.w idea- from it."
Mr. E. W. Anis-dn. of Ormoud-on-the-
Halitfax, wvi ite., ae toli.v. : --I am tak-
ing ten pap'-r. on agricultluial EubLjiects,
mudif asked to, siieuder tthe FARULR
ND FRUiT GF-.'.VER, 1 would tell theMO

.:-. taki e tlte ':lthet nint-. I:.ut leave L-
tbtt. iMay p-ace and lpleiit3 and eanis
Of grace lie l ivt n you to continue the
-,-.,-,, work."
Rev. T. W. Moore, of M1.ii.:Lon coUinty,
\ rcte.: .I believe your paper will ,do a
wod vork iu -diseninatijng new ideas in
e-aId to fruit raising, farming, stock
a ,i4t- etc."
Mr. H. G. Daniels.i, of Amelia Isldand:
'Judiging fiom whrliat I have seen ot the
FARMER ANtD FuIr-CGRWER, it is the
'c-t agricultural papir published in the
iout h. I predict imimenste success for it.."
Prof. ,. N. Whituer-t, of thie Agricil-
cuial Ciollege of Florida, writes as t'ol-
o,;7" "-I can say in all sincerity, it ha-..
-xceedEd my mru-E'tersarguioeexpectatioas.
Already it ii sVw-ithout a i.eer iu all the
Mr. ('harlih W. Stevei.s. of Orange
county, wr;t,-s: "Your paper far ex-
>:eds the hopes of thie most sanguine
it its gi:od wolik. It fills a w-ant
i:ug felt iu this part for a gord ag-
-icultural paper. Success to you.
Mr. lV. A. Ward, postmaster- at, Mala-
: ar, write-: "'I am delighted with thie
onmenud it to all on account of- its com-
plete adaptation to the wants of this lat-
tude. Other agricultural papers con-
aiu only an occa-ional article of inter-
est to there farmers of South Florida, who
care little for dairy news or general
fac uine in the North. hut the articles io
good. very '.od. and I wisih you the _Suc-
ce6s you de-er\e fo-r furnishing Florida
farmers a paper that just *Gl6- the bill."
Mr. C. EB. Goodrich. .f Orange Park,
writes: "-I must say that Lthe FARMER
ANDi FRU'i-GROWWER is decidedly the best
publication cfthe-kind in the State. I
take them all and cab compare: their
Prof. 1. L. Phares. thie eminent pro-
f.-or of bioily in the Agricultural Col-
leg>- ot Mizsi.sippi. iays iu tie Souitiern
L;.'c Sh,,.k Jci, ,1iu: ""His [the editor'ij
vaiuai:.I- prper already appearing in the
tirst numbers oire filillting our elxpecta-
tioi ald ieoiction. Tley may i -e fully
relied U',on for coaicieututus correc-
ei a -of etate.ment and scieutific accur-
acy of i-.ltail."
Hittn. J. Wai. Evan, wilting from
MiIm i, m ..,le e'-:uDty*, says : "'Certaiuly
Y', arte rdoLg a goodId work in establishi-
ltg an eiilitshten-d and scientific systent
of agri-culture, whLich heretofore has
betu seriously neglected. Your paper is
inviting in appearance. pure in senti-
ment. and progressive in principle, anti
sureiv must succeed." .
Mrs. A. H. H.. of Winnemisset, Fla.,
writes as follows: "We are new comers
and have muchli to learn, and your paper
just what we have wished for ever
since we arn ived here. 'Our Cosy Cor-
ner'(ontains just what every woman in
Florida ought to read, words of encour-
agement and comfort to the homesick,
weary, srrugglirng sisterhood. God
bless 'H. H.' May she live to write
nany words of cheer. Her recipes, too.
are so well suited to Florida. As our
-eon,,ce iu tlte country atre limited.
they fill a large wantt"
Mr. F. C. Cch-rahe. a borok-seller antd
stcltioner of Palatka. writes, tinder date
FRUIT GR:I'.ER i a per lect succe-s. It
is far albena,:d of i).v tiling of the Lind in
the State,, and ever one interested in
holt icuitui- or daEriculture should naot be
%,itbout it."
Capt. R. E. Rsc-, president of tbe St.
I'loud Agri(cultural and Improvement
',., writes from Kissimmee. under
date of Juue 10th, as follows: "The
FARMER continues to improve, and. as I
predicted, is becoming the standard ag-
ricultural iournal of tle South."
Mr. G M. Wbetston, of Mikeeville,
Columbia county, writes under date of
June 17: "'I enclose $2 for the FARMER
AND FRUIT GROWER. I will try and get
some more subscribers for-your paper. I
iave seen two or three copies of it, and
think it is the best paper. of the kind I
have ever seen, and the only'one suited
to our county."
Mr. F. S. Spriague, of Federal Point,
expresses his opinion as follows: "I have
:aken agricultural dnd horticultural pa-
pers for years, and unhesitatingly pro-
'ROWER far superior to them all. You
iced not entertain fears for its .uccess.
[t3 merits will w-in its way. Pleasesend
Mte an extra copy to sena-'to a friend in
Michigan, who. will probably :wish to
SUbsc'ibe." "

One Year .:.... ...........a. : : _
GO uife Wasliingt aon a I i lmb e Imiperial Na s i. ..........i...;. ..... :
TreMonA -50,-- -
Order Now'i' you wish to be in time. .. '-..-" -y" '-.' '
'We oBf'eiour Tallanrd W iter Delivery a choice '. --: *. "- '
AsoS, 'the VILLA FRANOA, best anddardiet 1 Aadciresubscriptionsand oerumness;v ----
l.mois. -Also, Early. Spinisli Jaffa, Majorca, mnnicattonus to'.-' ---" 4 f '
Malta Oval, ad Dearly all varieties' of Orange; .. ..."-.-. '- '* !- .-. .
Lemon and Liame. We -also offer for Ihe :.. l. -t,:;l -" '.. .
frst time t. Plo-ida orange growers the C.H --J- IE- N1 ---S ."-Q., -
Most Proft" :-- I Communicatronsjor-the-ediloridaUepa Ftiat'
-Most P" c Navel know ,and the : should beai-dresS-- to : u- -'.-
.- .- -- -: -A -r ,- ;ir F. "m-j'
'-KEDpEY&, CARNEY"C o -, a -. *: "IH

-, +. ,... .^
.. .... .. .: ..:,, ,.."J.,

"'" .,,'- -.- "-. w-, : _t+ , v "10,

Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday -
of each week. :--. : ,



-- .T ,*--


Frnuit- 0 p i1

W li400 Jor0 8,1






Thies O iiirnil wtl have for tl I leadiing'uject
the prom- on of rural indt.0 ,riesin Florida, and
wdll adr.I,- rn e tpenially ,i miirs 'i'i-versied and
Air.erlve tr;ien t.,f agrienultiure an, g-ester
I.'Ai.nImy t Loirm re6-':r'rce&.
A~iEuyung triat Iire rciltnwri itatiorsof
a ic',g- port'ora or Florida aie i, yet but imper-
t[cili uidcrttiiJ, a specai aim of this journal
Will ic- to iiie's-nb> rhe" bekt resMutiB wleh have
leer ac':opisiuei1, with tie exa-tr nit-deiD. sm-
ployed. Lind tf ill iltince., .firferCting' ich rebsr-;
al to t -igie-t esT-eriment, leserie'Little
knowu acre, l, i .iri-, e ,i ,and reeord*ithiprgTea-s
of agriirudrure It neighboring .Stat-." -
Coeumenric g wb ithe firs-t urnum)er and con-
titLing t thrfuh the i -ea-on fir --

Tree Planting,
Tri ri ,l i. i i':.,ie. oi- artu.lee onii. n ut-.-'t[ner
[tYan tl,:i t- ,' f ,rruz'ii,' e c rb. i]'-- ii'l ave
lr:, -r :.' ..oe ,i( :ei'i in trii rj Stute. Eacb va-
'ti[y VIU" wbLi.e ji'l'ite,',.l ari'd -

Aid there will be note from personsr.h hafive
ad :qrn:rieuc, itr s clirlaitionD. Tlii Twill be
followed by 1 ,.cm.ilareeore"on

Forage Plants,
Abd otrer isuLbjecti will be tilaiitrated to a limited
extent. .
MiIti attentD(,ln wdllbe devoied.:ro

Live Stock
A.nd e,, the home proauctionofforage- aid fc-rtU-
zers, two ec:,:,iuo,-nii,-ew i:are eential Io snc-
Cesshdti t'f ainig.. ..-" rclari-ve to ailc-Dnts of doCnermic
an ilsi)IIUVl ie ainewel'rd a- Va able veterinary
-urgeiri wh-io irmerr edited a like department

Turf, Field and Farm.
A -idue aruoiunt of pace wii1 be :itcied to
hon-iisehold co,,omy find to report (f tUie mar-
kets, rind tn, ,eparrmenta or -

Practice, etc.
wdU be by-persons who-have made
specialties of tho'e branches.
All portions of the Stale Will receive a due
amoLunt of attention,'and their interests wil be
represented by able TorrespoDdents.
'Luder no circumstances will thsjornail be-
eome tbe "orga otr any.associatiounor locality.
It wVil start out untrammeled and till'repre-
sent all secnons and interests with absolute im-
partiality. : -



Prospect of the Coming Crop
in Three States.
Messrs. H. F. Dutton & Co., of Gaines-
ville, dealers in Sea Island cotton, have
made their annual gathering of statistics
of this crop, a summary of which with
their observations, appears in the Times-
Union, In copying this report we omit
some porti ns of what pertains to Qther
S The planting was rather late, and good
stands were rather difficult to obtain in
consequence of the dry and cold spring,
but these once obtained and the crop
having favorable weather most of the
time, the plant is in good condition as
to fruiting and cultivation. We have
some complaint of caterpillars, and the
fly is reported from nearly every section.
As we predicted'in our May report, when
mentioned the crop as being three or
Four weeks late, the prospects were we
would have the caterpillar. To the pres-
ent time, however, it has done but little
damage, and even if it should become
general.- we feel satisfied that Florida
will yieldatleast a'three-fourths average
crop, as in a good portion of the Slate
the bolls are well developed on what we
term the bottom and middle crop.'
Thereis some cotton being picked in. our
'southern districts already.: As to the
finer gritles rof cotton there will be a
mate-Liai failing off, as a great many of
our best farmers have abandoned plant-
ing, on account of the low prices ruling
for the last two years.
SFollowing is a summary of thi- answer
Sreceived to the questions, as printed and-
sent out. togrowers in Florida:
1. Ha-s the weather since July the 1st
been go-A.d, fair or bad for thle gr,.winz
p lant? Goo. S), fair 56, bial 57; total
p ,_3 : ,-. .,. ,.
2. Would you call the condition of the
plant, as to blooming and fruiting, good,
fair, or bad? Good 65, fair 87, bad 41;
total 193.
-.- 3 His damage been c.u-_ed by shed-
"diug anid rust? Yes 53. no 1:',; total 193.,
4. Has damage been caused by worm;
and insect? Ye. *22. no !I'I: total 191,3.
5. As regards cultivation, is tle crop,
as compared with average years, good.
Sfair or bad? tood 77, fair k.I. badly l,
: total 193. .
6. Everything i-onsidEred; would you
call the crop prospects good,. fair or bad?
Good 56. fair 91 trad 4;3: total 193. "-
.. Will your sections make more or
: less than last year? More 4J. same 66,
S less S1 i: total 193.
S 8. How many bags old crop on hand
in your sections? Interior of State 376,
-Gainesville 100.
The reports from Georgia still go to
show that there qutte a decrease in
the acreage planime. In certain sections
the weather has been favorable for the
- crop, while in others it could not have
been worse. Everything considered, itf
we have good weather from now out,
the prospects are that the Georgia crop
will bp a fair average. Within tbe past
few days we have heard of the fly and
in quite a number of sections the cater-
pillair has made its appearance. The
plant generally is late. and there is still
time for great damage to accrue to the
crop for the next thirty days. At least,
it is more or less guess work to estimate
the crop in this State.
It is the impression of the parties
having the best facilities for being
Thoroughly posted that the acreage in
the long cotton districts of South Caro-
lina is at least 15 per cent. less than last
year. The crop is fully two or three
weeks late as a whole, though in some
instances this is not the case. The gen-
eral condition of the plant as to cultiva-
tion and fruitingis good. We are sorry
to learn that many of our old frieudsand
customers have ceased planting cotton
by reason of the low prices. Yet we are
satisfied, that unless the crop meets with
some serious disaster, thie yield will be
from 10,000 to 1i,0t)0 bales. Following
are the questions and answers:
We feel compelled to call the atten-
tion of the planters and merchants to the
fact that in all the Sea Island cotton
growing districts. SouLth Carolina, Geor-
gin and Florida. for the past twvo years
especially, there has not been proper at-
tention or care taken in selecting seed
for planting, and the consequences are
the quality of cotton is deteriorating
Svilry fast. The percentage of waste is be-
coming so great that thie manufacturers
are finding a great deal of fault, even
More than for years. The- claim that
S.-cotton bought last season contained
Fully 10 per cent, more waste than any
previous year. We wouldagain call the
attention' of.platters and merchants to
the fact that unless we produce a better
grade, of cotton in the future we will
place ourselves even more than ever in
competition with the foreign cottons
imported as substitutes: Egyptian Bra-
zilian, Tahite and Fiji Islands cotton.
For the past few years these cottons have
been coming to market with better pre- -
paration, finer staple and even length of
fibre :
As regards Georgia and Florida, it is a
well known fact that the Sea Island-cot-
ton planted in these States wiU gradually
deteriorate when the best of care is taken
--- in selecting the seed for planting, so that
-. in a few-years the cotton becomes almost
S.. worthless. New seed should be imported
fr *.n. frmthe island at -least .every two or
three year's.
.There are qnite a number of cotton
factors in Charleston and Savannah that
take ah: interest in ihis seed question,
and keep a fnui supply' of selected seed I
S- ----.on hand every season. We have made
the subject of" improving sed our -study
for i yas,'-and anntfalhv impoi't [large'
'." "'- 'bfluly'bf good 'selected seed'" direct fi'om
'. e is afidnda' also- leep-_n hand-th- is romd"d ke,
eh---beiieed fi our.year' pla-ti g' in I
ft-- .. ^ ,''''' .^' ".. ::' ^ : ..
t, ;'" ., . = ,,:"- _.,,,._,. ,.:- : _, -

.-=:-- ,,4'-. A -: 4="- "" "

"I '. ":!'-'{: ;
-- ,-.= / .- _=j:_ l - -. -

-~0~ -
- -

Florida. Correspondence upon the sub- larger pine trees standing within twenty
ject of seed is earnestly invited. feet from the channel. Pile dry wood
Some of the principal reasons for this and trash around the larger cypress trees,
state of affairs are: and set on fire. Shake down the dead
First-The low prices prevailing for trees when you can. Across the sharper
the last year or two have compelled that bends dig ditches so low that their bot-
class of white planters who have taken toms will be six inches below moderately
the most care of their cotton in regard high water. Make them well in line
to cultivation and seed to abandon it. with the channel, both above and belo*,
They claim they can not make the bet- but if large trees 'are in the way, strike a
ter grade of cotton for less than 28 cents gentle curve around them. Make their
to.25 cents, and will not try. up-stream mouths wider, by half, than
Second-A large quanity of the cotton the other, so as to catch as much as pos-
is purchased by merchants doing a mod- sible of the current. Giulib the bottoms
erate amount of trade and who have but in the ni.:ld l.- in l:.rd.ii- give the water
little room for handling the crop, and a better hold. Chop off all protruding
the consequence is the cotton is thrown roots and cypress knees. Destroy all
into a pile and hauled to the gin-house stumps in the channel. Anything that
to be ginned with the request that the lies inthe bottoms of deep holes, and v iil
seed be saved as the merchant has prom- not float, may remain. You can now
ised to save seed for his customers for quit, but if you have time, make th 3 cut-
planting. offs wider.
Titi'd -The careless manner in which Before you again work the creek, some
the cotton is handled at the country-gin- heavy rains have probably fallen, and
house, more particularly in those sec- you will find many changes wrought by
tions where both the long and short cot- the water. Deep holes are now partly
tons are ginned under one roof. With filled, shallow places are deeper, many,
the utmost care, it is all most impossible logs imbedded in the bottom are ex-
to keep the seed from mixing to some posed, the cut-offs are deeper and have
extent. caved in, the ends of the bends are partly
A WORD OF WARNING, closed by sand bars, and roots are stick-
Oar experience leads us to state that ing out everywhere. This time take out
more damage is done to cotton by inex- the logs in the bottom, or :at least cuts of
perienced ginners than in any other way. them. If clay is exposed in =,hllc.,w
Unless there is great care taken the gins pl:.It ..-, it with a mattock,,4r
will cut the fibre badly, crack the seed .0111 m, ii ii.d-ntt.iarilu by the water.,
and even allow 'vl, lr --l to get into Bur", the Io.l, 1-', an' l throw brush
the lint, which wvill .it the cottoi- an- into theup stref.i-in tf. ol r heluts., for
appearance that will make a difference the catching of --id, atud debri-.
of from 1 cent to 5 cents per pound. It If after some more big rainsyou again
would be well, tlihiefr-. fi th.b- f.irnm,-r enter the creek, you will find the channel
to look about h;i,, tef.,ioe ,:utractiat r'.- r, i t.II dik ht .me sea"n c,1.
with anyone to do his ginning and'send It is now quite straighlit and of rather
his cotton to him whodoesthe best work. even depth except tE.rI bothi ends ot the
All cotton ,hould first be sunned and :m oftint .t iwli-er6 1llo; "'e th-o]m"d.
tlhien put thr:,ugig a .oleaner or whipper Whet -,-r tlh. old or -, chltirm-i' ru,
to extract till saurd and trash before be- tjc iihIl lw places. y.u find u-i,;oiy d:e-
imn giiiel. .tliherwise you willnot get a r.-sti-J it,-dhe t .Xd vttid froini sides
cott.:-.n that ill i ade first-class in ap- atbd Ilttum byv :t.e current. The iends of
pearn.e, 'and become. 'fa1u:." in pre- the l-enl ar, nicely ,.lo>ed Ill.. The
pa-ratto.u. "Wheen this is -done and our pf-IiIrt'l.l w,-,ikiW n.;w to trim tL- out-
cotton goes to market in- "first-class" offs and plow a few furrows in each one,
condition we have some claim upon both in order to loosen the .sand and to
high prices, Zt' all roots at once. ,.
EV, tIan advices are, the worms have Afrcr that- only an ,:ia-inrial wall;
mlte their appearance generally along the water course frtr the removal
thblu-'lhoiit lower Egypt. of dead branches and proixuding roots.
which would catch trash, will se-re to
IMPROVING WATER COURSES. kee-p the canal in god order, In con-
templatiug its ictpn,.,ved applaurnc- ae bud
,la;e-flrlngt, s, Fnd] the changes for ihe bet-
An Easy Means ofRedeemingter that have taken place- in your own
Much Valuable Land. and your neighbors', land, and in tha.ex-,
BY H T......Rm .F.. ]hil ,'atin;' "'sh oting of the rapids" you
B.Y H.. E Lx~. LAI)EIAiFEN. ,,- 5 y. .u- .
Y.. E..a. LA. Pcanenjoy ,n mron,:liglt nights wlh-n the
.Fo'dac~r-eek a.3 riOis T water i. high, yo. fel we-ell-"s-&li6ed with'
the ilghn-ou'ring e~agle it must tIock a. ,,i- n od'h ,v,, +,
the lioigh-floarlm liefl it h U-l p1t0k, your work, and wonder why more of the E
Lhen orerfull. Tf t l, 1 se ,-pent o n kind is not done. -
dry landi, ilth thje water ruringr off itc STARKE Fla .
sides. The land through wlhioh it flows,. -
may be as c-lean asa paik, and sometime -
forty acies are charge.] with lhe main- Fencing With Ditches.
teuance of only half a dozen pines. The Etor F-orrid Farmer tnnt' p Fft-,irtle:
creel- is not. fullof rubbish as the The question of the greatest inmpor-
back yard of a grocery store, but it is so taance to the tiller of the soil is, how
crowded with trees and bushes that it shall [Lsecure my crops fi 6m destruction
ca n ot fulfill its function of carrying by stock ihat is allowed to run at large?
offT sui plus water witliout "ovetIeaiing Large tracts of land are lying idle for
its continens.'" and even at that its work lack of fences to protect the crops. Now
is slow and unsatisfactory. The very I have a remedy tIsuggest. Thefollow-
trees fostered by it turn av aytheir heads iug is nimy plan : I dig a ditch 3 feet
as if disgusted with their birthplace, deep, :3 feet wide at the top and 1 1
Considering the important r-ole the foot wide at the bottom, throwing all J
water courses play in farming, the dirt on the side to be enclosed. This
it is astouishming how little has so far forms a ridge with a base of about three
been done to improve them. The farmer feet., and about two feet high. By using
may ditch his lauds well and lead his a little skill the dirt can be made to slope
drains to the creek or branch, and there from the top of the ditch at an angle of
he stops. In moderately wet weather all about 4-5 degrees.
works well enough; one or two heavy Now, when a man or beast stands at
rains will swell the creek and oft-u tlhe outer edge of the ditch, there is pre-
make the ditches useless when they are senled to the eye a solid wall of earth 5
wanted the most. But these conditions feet ligh, and over this no animal has
he regards as fate, and satisfies himself ventured to leap. While thle writer has
with complaining that "the green corn had an 8-rail fence thrown down by
hath rotted ere his youth obtained a stock, the "-ditch fence'" has proved an
beard," and talks again of "'selling insurmountable barrier.
out." Now, a few items showing the advan-
This state of things cPn in most cases ages of this method over others. Itcan
be bettered if the farmer considers the be made at a cost of 15 cents per rod. g
creek al-k) as a ditch and cleansr it The owner of any porous soil has the
out, as he doe. his foul ditches. A cieek material just at the place where he needs
which, with its many bends and num- it. It is indestructible by fire, wind or
beriess obstructious, vet lets the water water. Thie cost of keeping in repair is P
off at the rate of a foot in a Eecond, hts a a mere trifle. It will protect crops ,
fall of at least tour feet in a mile By against the ravages ot little pigs that
removing these hindrances and digging sometimes, like the "little foxes," do the
cut-offs across the bend peninsulas, the most damage. It is an effectual fire line.
channell would coon b-conme straight and The ridge can be utilized by planting,
deep by the abrasive action of the cur- at regular distances, cuttings of fig or c
rent, which would gain in velocity as its mulberry, and in a year or two, if de- 1
course got ,traighterand straighter, and sirel for greater protection., a single 0
would carry off, without oiverflowintig, strand of wire might be stretched about
all the water that ever fell in its catch- '2 feet from the top of the ridge. Where
meut basiu or valley. The fields could parties are troubled with. bad stock,
then be drained toa greaterdepth : purer drive small stakes on top of the ridge,
air and better water would result; large leaving about feet above ground. On
fish would ascend; low lands hitherto the top of these stakes fasten a piece of
considered worthless would be re- lath A inch thick by 2 or 3 inches wide,
claimed, and the nicest kind of boat and a thorough protection will be se-
rides could be had in a wet season. The cured at. a trifling cost.
sand that the waterdugout of the chan- Will the readers of the FARMER AND
nel it woul.I deposit upon the banks in FRtTITGROWER please try an experiment,
the shape of little levees or "" tuw paths." and after a fair trial report the result.
thereby making a promenade along the I am interested in the development of 1
creek both passable and pleasant. Florida, and am experimenting-a little
If a few neighbors come together when with the castor bean. Shall write a brief
the creek is pretty dry and go to work article on this subject, and would like to
with a good will, they will find the job hear the results of others' e-xperiments.
of cleaning it much easier than they had J. F. WAGONER.
expected. The more hands employed the BAY HILL, Sumter co., Fla.
faster will the work go on, for logs can .
then often be carried out entire. Women
and children are of great service in the Saw Dust as aFertilizer.
cutting down of bushes and small sap- We have read numerous articles in
lings and raking up and piling of trash, agricultural journals about sawdust as
The following general directions are for a fertilizer,..but-have- never seen any
the benefit of novices : reference made to different kinds of saw- -
.To begin with, don't think of finishing dust. Fresh pine sawdust in the pine-
the work as you go, for then it is likely lands of-the+South_: is miserably poison" .
never to be done. Be satisfied with ousto vegetation and 'to the soil. Oak,
*" grinding off the rust." this time. How and all other hard wood sawdust, so far *
far to go down the creek depends upon as we are" informed, soon decays when
what fall it. hasand whatamountof time blended with the soil, and becomes ex-
you can put in. Do not carry the logs cehlent huimus, good. for any crops or
farther off than ten feet from the chan- soil.;. The pitch iu pine saw dust Is the
nel. Place them in-heaps parallel with- hurtful part of it. The pitch once neu-
,it. Where the ehoresare'so low as to be tralized and destroyed, the woody sub-
inundated at times, fallen timer lying stance wilt make good humus and a good
at an angle with the stream -should be fertilizer, the same as pine straw or the
swung around to parallel with it..-What sappy part ofadecayed pinetree. There
logs there may be in the bends you-in- are banks of sawdust near the sawmills
tend to cut- across, should- remain, of'the South in millions of cartloads that
Throw allwood that will not burn'-well' might be ver'v useful to farmers were it
ou of-the way of high water. Chop not for the pitoh it contains.- Perhaps
down,.even with th.e-giround;'all trees in the new process by which they extract
he 'chaniiel and'-all- small-. rrees arid t;hepitch from the sawdust may .&Ye It
bushes'ont:he-bbrders. Girdle all the in go'd_. condition for-.agricultura.a:l.ur- !

Mississippi Valley Poultry Yards,

Breeds Prize Winning

Plymouthi Rocks. Wyandottes. Brown
Leghorus andl Bronze Turkeys.
Won all the Leading Prizes at tlie
North Mississippi Poulntry Sbow at
Water Valley, Feb. 9 to 1,% 1587.
Farmers wishing to improve trher stock can
get SPECIAL BARGAINS of me. I also seUl a
F'irst-Class I ncubator,
poultryy Journalis and Eooks at Reduced Prices.
rtied for Caialogue and Price List, free; or
-rhte for wants.
Pleas menriori this paper.

Bees and Queens. -
)rders will oe hooked now Ibr delivery dur-
ne April, May or June, of my superior race
f pure

Italian Boos and Qu ns.
Queens ..y mall a specialty.
GLiv- m a it'ial older
For prices or other Iniormatlon. address
Enslis, Orange Co., Fla.




Fi i nirheI at i plr h,,ilnDr:-.1, S.i tier, SOLICITED BY
fi e hiut.t ,-. dl r_,,..i nr.ets J I.

IP.t MIN-Ni" H, 55is NCE.IN 'rREr,
Wdi-io, Fla



poses. If so, they give a new: value to
pine sawdust by furuishiig "a new fer-
tilizer for Southern farms.. ..
Black or rotten pine sawdust that has
rotted around the edgs of mill ponds,
is doubtless free fro:nim pitch, like ol'I: rot.-
tenpine trees, and may be- used in the
barnyard, or hoie or cow -tnmll. or in
compost heaps suncstsfuily. It may lbe
used for "lazy be 1-. for Ih Aotatfo
in place of rotted straw; but bright,
new pine sawdust we would not use in
stall or cowyard, or on land in any shape
as mulch or fertilizer.-Picayune.

"Fire Fanging. ."
Among-g -,,ue farmers there is a com-
piIitit that their lioise manure "fire
fdingI," or i .:>s,:s thioughl lit. heating
tI,,c's which is so, intense thEt. the ma-
nure is well uIjrned up. Thi 3is exceed-
iingly injurious to thle mautire and can,
arndi s"thoild Ie, l. ,re -uted.. It occurs, or
is liable to occ u r, x heu th.- manure i-;
tlir.,wn loo-oely int. a pile. an:d wvitliout
beiug cditiurbed, will commence to gnLi-
ciale heat. Horse n.hlure h[d a -attrongr
tn'Jeii'e y iv n tIhI' dlii-ctin than thait -of
mra,-,L t ari. other animal, aud tliis uan I.,
pievente-, an': the \altie of the umanijuire
ibaintaiun:l, it t1tte-JE-1d to avF it shou-ldI
.Li er'e i- nU tlui:)le -he'ere. as is sosne-
tiIuc- lthe aL e, l'l('e I F n 1un ur,. i-' ci-t ibto
hi. loe t- peo, aa it is th-n w:ci kt..l -ov i
W'tit l' h o, -b-: ui- il tthi al-e
it l.J.ror i-qually a; Effectual in proventiniz heat-
int'z. is to cart the same under a sled,
i-i-ere cattle are acecustojmeied t., -ii-al or
toH lie "heli packed thus closely,
wet, uai ii :c-casionally nui-t lie, iy the
u ineof animals, it is kept moit uutil
wabtedJ for uee. The Lame piatice in
,ooitnnCtonn with s'. eep woulJ he valui.
r-L.i,., a >d eqilrli s cffe,'tu:Il
We have always found that any u-a-
nure thar is left to itself, thrown i,--,el;
into a pile. wn; liable to I)-com., heated.
T -hen poa-,kd ti-litl- uninder thL- tia.l ot
a ,linal-, w iouild it,e r, eser''el with all it.-
nIanureal ralue lerained. Sleep ma-
nure, while -thus -kept -cJosely v pac kJ.
,-x'.:lu-]ed the air, will not lieat, but
.rhen l.-,secly pitch.-,.1 intol a pile wi[l
ooun hel-at and expel the valuable lv--
thents of fertility.-N. C. Farmer.

A Most Useful Seed.
"Cottonis planted,-and when it mnia-
tures it is picked and taken To the mill to
be ginned. When the seed is separated
fioni Lthe corttou the lint is put into bale-
and sent to the manufacto1ry and made
into summer and winter goods and oth-
er articles; the seed is-sentto the oil mill
and the oil when pre-ssed out of the seed
is sometinime used as butter arld larl;-
also. as soap gl'ease, pomade, oiDntment.,
and lubricant. With it the bakers mix
their pastry, the artists their paints, the
glaziers their putty. Miners in the
West use it for lighting, almost to tlhe
?exclusion of other oils." To ti'is should
be added, that when properly com-
pounded with phosphates. phosphoric
acid, etc., the meal becomes the cheapest
and best fertilizer on the market.-Ex.

C TI- -Y :ID S
-? E.-..?r- ar,-r p. L.- i:. iil ii...ui Per -, E. R., N. Y., every Tnesl y. Thursday
and SaIu.rdaT-. ri 3 p. ian. "
FRi:M ..T :-.'JVSNVi LLE-'.''?HERi'iEE, u'r,|. i, SEJILVOLE -'.i, .-rerr FR iDAY
Ffr,.itf FERN.k:NifrNA--DEL-1 W..-1E ii 1i E..4-s5AEE ev--rv M,'"NDA'Y, i.' ., CIr
hF A. TLA-N. .r-,.i CIT"i 0- (,;toL U MBIA, -.r-, W-EDNEEDAT ,.p. i. '
TU e. F.-if= l jr,,i r' ne-_i:.].-,.r ...l. i.. ,i'tr,.:.l I,; rl,.. L IL;,. 'i n iil'- r' i.r ,'r ; ,;- a Uy hip 1,in
c I iti :. m, elT i m j'7, F..F ] i i frn: r b. f,:.IL' :i i,:,,i d i I, 1 "
(LLREN,-E W_\GNEP, _--.. iJ. A. LE.LIE-, -
F. ii -,it.2 i F.I : T. .I ..n-ll l, .R. Fil.. '. W .::.r. Bair ,- .I H, i-- in.
THEiT. G. EG-ER, iti, _Mic .ii--.-, \\r' P LYDE i L 0.,
B Nl'., .-w i,, Y. Y,,.,-,.-.'t, \ -'ir: : 1* "' ,.n ". T

Florida Winter Homes


B ,:a LId l I :,I'A I [.:.[I L : _.f I 'i ,i ;.u L .iK,- .:.i';:,]," l -A'i rih., .-."St.i- h Fl,:,!', "l :.'i.
LUii-iL 'il i igih an.r_ fir. r N.- -_ -t rietI .i t; Ittwr n tvinr ,--ij.r.v.- .rml ihilrtl n n-W h..,ueE .
A C li-r',: ,-I uo .. ......, ii ili. d rre; Iiikc ,- bli" m r,*i h.i-, ,i. I r e- pl'r- i d
i- '.rarinv gi'lY :. (.hg,) i u i ....:. e i ts j i .-' w1 1" Ii,-. l :.r : l hd.: i6 -rp. 'T iD, t r enry 'an]
tor arin eor.Toi, c r.)r ,,ots. A I,:ailtb -rrif iinr 11a ia 'Ilth7 St.'.,
i Call on on Address.
Oriole, Florida. Jacksonville, Florida

Wholesale Commission Merchan,
Specialtict: .OTU'[ERN FliI'I"T- AND VEGETABLES. C.-nE,gnmear;, Soihriti.I. Return
iaje on da. of sale.

T- 0. 0. B UI-jOTh-TT,
m-s A T EMSTJxTEf 3En.03ESlEiMRL.
Orange Groves, T',mn L-ts n Bartow,, Winter Havn, Haskell, Punta Gorda and iCharJore:
Harbor. fri Sale. tPimprOVE.ted Lands, an small and argue tracts, at $'r.5 per acre, up. Choice ten
and forty acre tracts of Rood. hbgh. roli.g Pitne Lands, near S. F. R. R depnrot at 21" to '$15 per
acre. All property rj-uaranterd 0 be as represrited or money refunded.
w .Mo _ney Loa-ns,,,ed secur.d, neo'ated at 15 per Cent., net. to the lender


-0 4, .0 -
oi' 0


rZ I| d -I

p ^-\
~~4 ^

Buda not placed on 6mali stocks, bit on extra. m = V' -j K
r4 4 .,S3 g n,:;
'0 ,-.
tag .siads~ line^ ones.. ay .*'
Si a s a a F ^ -. -i* ***
We ake a pecialty 0or the g Q M I -' ] .-
-_..RLY SPAtIH RANGE--- .- .

ithe earliest variety known), t a o -
TOt1TI L I9ESand -M -- : "
Rad cia show trees or the Ilitter that stood the C U 5 r ,I i- -
,-,l-j [iat wuiat:-rhs well s ihc Orange, and 3 '
'>0.- ,iutr~fkgl iffZ,
-'SNI/N \ .. ..... M; .-0.

Sea ior Cataito,,,e.DNEY & C'REY NNUd -.YLN]IVNU0 ONV NIVI_ ""
P.'O, -- Wiuter P rkFla I -, ... .. :
-- .- -

,. +. -.. --
t '-. --,- i -- I .. ... + _ "
.-.' .. .....' .... .. .. .-. .

.--. ,-'-. .. .-


X YY -gg -S~ t -I-
8 j-: *J

\ ~~ |53h ?- -j

.0j -'.
*A. l-a S~a w CfS I

- 2 Z

IP, Ar o z i ii

^ Wlid6-

Kelsey Japain iPl s, Olive Trees, Oraf es, Figs, Lemons, Pcaiis,
B1,' lbc .r.:. n, rli' i d,1-0--, ,,1' r. I iod,it-, O l a h til-l y-ll i I. f .-.t b,-:h r Nuri-ry- st.:...-k , to
F a,.:,I 'I rI., I l.- ''Ii ,,t. A, r:w :,'.. iD, ,I' l'r:,i FI.I i l i,-tit er. ,mtvisau
of W irIt-: V'rli [or Pil ':i:. C :'![ n,:, ,:n applheaIlon.
GLEN ST. MARY Nm1RES, G. L. TDer, Prop. OlEil l. Mdry., FPi

V!.'-: 0i` t.:.M .li' : 1; ," Fli;l I REE, c,1 .t ,lAIn,.it10D,

to aniy tl.lit:. ];:._ii..., i .E: t,: '.' E H F [- ,: N t '. I i z-r, I l;. lh .d P-.:i I .:.. Fl it
TL ., *'i io* e0 100- LI on laike ,, i '.aley.Cn. Co.. oi, AO. A
S -Il l ii E VN i, choice 3-acre iract for lin ORANGE
GROE costs bult5 100.. F
1 P O. r o -.... ; ,v oanLi l e..... A- 3 9 a y i ft .
ii.-.i '.:: i mim) l..- M i i, r ,.. .- t.,,i p. w-i 11. r .r |B B e 111 1
Biil n i n E l .:,.-J.iN T.JrALE.;.I, uji ,:r P;r^~ .:.,,Tl. L O RIlUA N
F';n'i~i.P. '.'Q r~.--

P. 0. BoX 15Si.JteiirSOu l i He- F0o1'4111 30 9 B y Y .

0 -- .. ZdQW-V.

.. .

I.*./ L'


The Florida Farmer auild Fruit Grower
A. H. CURTISS. Editor.

Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

GROWER i' 'tu. eLi page iSc'olumn IlusItra-
led week17 newspaper devoted to tbe Farm,
Garden, t0r.,:hard and Hlousebold Eeonony.
and t0 iitie iuomotla)u nf tie rgrlcULuital and
IndustrIlal liuerestsoi Florida. i ispubilshed
every Wednesda:.'.
Terms or Suabserlpllon.
For one year. .. . .......................... 2
For si s ni Dontib6 .. ................. .............. .i.l
Clu s r iof' five. r.-, rone &ddr,. ........ .' :
Wlhih ir 'l'INIE;'-SNIiN,.'nn- Year It 1- 0O
Wlih d.,-iv TIMES-Li N-iNO'd. six mon1n1 S ,')
With WEEKLY TiME. one year ..... 2.75
tSubscrlptlons In all cases eish In ad-
vance, and no paper continued after ibe
explration of the lime pald for The date ou
the printed Inel with wuic.h the papers are
addressed i. ite dite to which th[e sur-serlp-
(Ion is paid and Is cquLvalent aon rielplt lor
payment to tbiat dare; If the taie i- no1
changed Immediately after a new payment,
bthe subscriber will please noilf'y usat once
CORRE4SPONDENCE solIcited on all aut,
jeet pertalninue o tne tovhic' deait with In
thls pnpr Wrirers niy ar x srhb signatures
to their article_9as ibey n'tay furniah the editor with their fuh name and
addrea.not for pibileulclO ut.asau.irante
ofrood faith. ReJeetedcommunleatilonscan-
not he returned
ADVERTISEMENTS lnaert-d to a limited
extent Rates f'urnlsned on application
REMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note, Money Order, or Reglstered
Leiter. to order of
Jacksonville. Fti


FIRST P.r-Si ra berry Grriwi a'1', ,ieeirolech;
Br r.:.]n i.)ra, r h? En hlish Sp-a ,.r I. OD-
de'mueJ; A Rraci' Exsierminator; Forus_-eCul-
tire; P'ira OGras: in '.rnnge Ciray; Fruit
Evap..rat.i ctll .'r,!'rrd i; A (Uio or r,.mn!to
. Lenrves; Genrirre Smyrna Fig: C.Al Si "rage
u Ne" Yirk..
SECOND PAoK-Oj-auite Tri'es in Tent-; Manure
Helps Agi;ni Droiiughlit; reinaing Grapes to
Sitke_;; Growing OnlDs tf:,r Market; Poiitting
Plant-; How i.:. Unload Muck.
TiaJD PAGE-Sea Islanid Ctton: Improve the
Water C.urs.-s: Fencing with Dit,:hes:.; Sawdu;t
Ss a Fertilizer; "Fire Fungiu;:" A M.:,St Us, -
ful Seed
FOURTH PAK-O' inltere:it to0 Advertirser; A
Word to the Nurserymen; Tne Farmers'
Union; Of Value t.) Florists; Te Nursery-
men's C.onvertion; Florida's RoliDn;, Ex-pcii-
iorn: Ciereland Farmer;' Club; Conreihon ai
FiTrne PaGE-OUar Home Circle; Co.-y Cormer;
The F-miJy Friend; An-'wer. to Corre-uond-

euts; our nu a Folk rs' C.omrner. Florid. publication excepting the Times- non-producers hare enjoyed, has grown ent, record ing secretary," correa."ndg"- posts. FORAE O
mte PUnin-TumoronaHore; cm,. U t l and -ekly Times will enjoy a. the most monstrous system of gambtng TO INQUIRERS secretary and treasurer, who -'shall be.- -. .' graU ..
Horses i sumr: elected annually by ballot at the St Eermuua grass crab
Fasi and' Slow Mules; Breskne Heders to larger circulation and popularity. ,any in the country's products that the world G. W is referred to article on Convention. he shall hold ther a. ea grass TerreU..
broom ~~O Conernon The shalt page, theiredtp sJon
Mlk; Be-c Age forCIlvr.g; Management ,:.f have had doubts as to the success 'of our has ever witnessed. The heahb stones broom corn on first page. eral offices until their successors sh gai' red-top grass, John.
Swine; 'The Angora G.t; Goats L'..I journalistic venture, they ay lay their of the people and the liberty of the E. M. W. is referred to Prof. Druhois' have been elected, and they shall have id grass, pearl millet,
country& ~~~~~~like powers and perform like duties withb al azkfi on
Clearers; Packing Ege e D .,r Snipmeni; Poul. doubts aside and rest assured that the country are at stake. The country is notes on insects infesting grape vines, like officers i and perform lganizakdutiones with miuo maize, kaffir corn,
SiryNotes; Bees ro N.i nreFnrii FARMER AN, FRUIT-GROWER isa s'tc'ss. approaching crisis which nothingcan which will appear in our nest issue. ARTICLE4. After tire candidate foru, Me coer ,
Severn-auPan e-Farmcatn Afrtir tsI iandieatefor
Serial Sr.ory, Etcn B,.yi, by W. Er Parties who know tbbfadt' have ap- avert except a great awakening among Leaf folders are-difficult to reach, membership has heard the Constitution nelilotus.
N,..rri; Etc. proached the proprietbifof the journal the classes who'have thepower if they J. H. will' find several articles on read, he shall be required to make the STAPLE -OROl
Eaonre Paoe-State New ,in Brief: Florrla, with offers ot purchase,.w'hich have been willbut exert it. castor bean culture in preous is following affirmation: I do hereby sol- Corn, oats, rye,'heat,
castor bean culture in previous issues. e ."ot n L a a dA r
wil~butemuly prormse that I will observe and yield per acre, soil and
Nnrermen; Where the :oCt.:,n Will G.,; declined. The proprietors know, per- Happily the masses are arousing to A. E. M.. C. E. S., J.F., J. H. S., J. strictly obeyall laws, rules and reg- ties encountered, general and
Weat F.rida Farmer:; Florda's Low Drath hap; better hau others what can be the peril of the situation. The Patrons MeR., and H. J. may expect to fund the ulttions set down in the nstitution nof Coltos-Lrdga odshor
Ratre; August W-alh-r; Late-sit Market Re- done in this field of journalism in Flor- of Husbandry are moving southward information they desire in articles that this Union, and I further declare that Iing and culture, marks
port; e t no i tse p
O.T '*A ida. They undertook this ente risede- and the Farmers' Alliance eastward, will appear soon. entertain no ill will toward this Union met.of seedr products
OF. INTEREST TO ADVERTISERS. liberately, planning to met'the reqi't- WOnos but they will meet on Flor- and Lhat I will endeavor to promote and Sugar Cane and Sorgh
.. ..protct is ineress, cltue, making syrup an
S We frequently receive inquiries from ments of a great change which they fore- ida s6' and there form an alliance FLORIDA'S ROLLING EXPOSITION. ARTICLE,5. At'the inauguration of tion of market.
persons who wish to know where they saw in Florida's industrial development, against thMircommon enemy ? In Louisi- avin p i-- each off-cer he shall be required to make Tobacco-Varieties, his
can obtain certain seeds, implements, They laid solid foundations end they ana the Farmers' Union has grown to he fornias great adan accouertisement on wheels, she folemnly promise thiation: I willdo hereh recent experiences, seedfacture.
live stock, etc.. but it is only in excep- have a natural ambition tosee the super- 240,001 strong and has now joined these, em p ie f tll fa ue
we cannot refuse to publish the follow- discharge the duties of my office to the FRUrrTS.
tional instances that we can give these structure completed- according to their Farmers' Alliance, which is perfecting a g circular sent us by Mr. Wanton best of my knowledge and ability, and Ct/1s, h di ars-Conpard
attention: Such information should be own "plans atnd spificatrns." great system of home economy in the Webb. Mr. Webb aims to epitomize that I will endeavor s o promote and pro- ties, hardiness and produce
found in our advertising columns, and if But we are tr a gfronT the subject way of shipping products and pdrchas- t the inter of this Union of propagation, me
it Florida, and we hope he will show some- AR'riCE.G. No member' of this Union od on, mparati
it is not it is because advertisers have in hand. W e as u tue -nurs rymen of ing supplies, besides establishing m ills n be s c o os al shallend to n o er th eri ti ze mare t
not come to appreciate. -the FARMR AND Florida that we appreciate very highly and factories and otherwise serving the rehtny morniety the ri'hosurchas- offri win ndohr
boqet ndplmto lts e i nrectly or indirectly, the t'ight~of urchas-tizemakinoft'
FRTIT-GRowER, as an ad ertising medi- their geueroiu. support of what must have interests of its members. ndpat ing roug his Union. Peach nea e
urn. We have made n Ncial effort as appeared to them, at a timeofsuch gen- We hail the rise of the Farmers' Union show something that people can live on ARTICLE 7. Such local by-laws, rules tbe ahpev pfui, nap!
iniand pay taseswl th, oats, rye, corn, cot- and regulations best suited to th WAnt rry, uenels aprsioi,
Secu tnts During erat depresson and uncertainty, to be a in Florida as the dawn of a etter "era, tn a toac ri, csat, arrw rno ot, a uis w t bed ote et d uince, apricot,
I ion, tobacco, rice, cassava, arrow-root, of local clubs will not be objected to, pineapple sapodillh-, mE
provided they do not conflict with the pnea pre cooaut 0ean
the winier g our journal was precarious enterprise. The number of Its system of work has bcen tested in pearr cidaoutti pno, n
too young to attract the notice of advet- able and talented writers who have vol- some localities in this State most. success- jute, palmetto fibre and a hundred other Constitution.pal peganatE
t o o rs y o n gd t a ttr a c h e n ti e o a rtic le s b oth u s e f til a n d c u r io u s if sta w b e rr y, bl e gac k aberr ,
tigers. and during summer-asevery one unteered their services, has been to'us a fully. and it only needs to be made fully Florida is to be advertised thus, we wNaiAet efctsofegra ,
knows-business men in Florida re- source of inrreising pride and surprise, known to the people to be everywhere o' sus, we wish CONVENTION AT MIDWAYi rieties, effects of so,
trench to the utinost. Such a corps of writers would do credit adopted. Outr sympathies go out. to the disedit n a manner that will not
For these reasons, therefore, we have to any weekly journal in the laud. As Union and we pledge it our best services, ier the State.. The New Movement- Spreads INSECT ENEIESS AND FUN
"Natlure of damage don't
not expected to secure any considerahie a subscriber in Iowa wrote on the th Though the FARMER ANo FUITGROVWER Following is Mr.;"Webb's circular: fPon County to County Nature f damae done
amount of advertising before fall. That inst., "It is an honor to any State to sup- cannot be nominally the "organ" of any JACKSONVILLE, Fla., August 11, 1.7. mC nt to utyT' REES.AN
r g m v m n i is p e g d t t e st p o t E elr'or F lo rid a F oe ie," nd Fv -uer.G ,'oi 'e r:'r.m th T n s -U n o n u u t l r P la ntin g tre es fo r o rn a r
is the season when business wakes up in port so reliable a, paper." Considering movement. it is pledged, to the support Conside rh-lu" -ifr There was a contutee fe Farm-rna
a rt DAR Thee wasa convention theFarm-the burning oe o o
Florida. Winter residents, immigrants, how superficial has been the.'styvle of of the principles embodied in the consti- ou ea rsm:-Wl Floi nd R inf e Unio' held at Midwayce, ear Lake lumber ad -pentine.
I-rour readers that Florida's Rolling Es- eras' Uniop held at Midway. near Lake lumber aud turpentine
prospectors and health seekers then he- writing about Florida, our chief wonder tution of tIbeiFarmers' Union. VWe hoist position Car, better known as "'Florida Butler, July ;30, 1'37, fart the purpose of tanning industry, phenor
gin to flock in, and those who are en-' is that the contributions sent in have its banner at the head of one of our on Wheels," is expected to arrive in rr mo'difying twl e cenetituton life, weeds and noxious p
gaged in trade must then tak.e measures been so uniformly sound and' practical, columns, and from week to week shall Jacksonville between September 1st and ad platform, which was effecierl by ,N. B--Speci.mens maT
"5th. Ex hibits Of not only pro du cts of elect log J. A. M utt to the chair, and E. editor for identification.
to secure patronage during the coming We trust the nutserymen will not re- report its progress and expound its prin- the soil, but native manufactuited goods W. Thomas as secretary. On motion, desired respecting popul
season. lax their interest in our journal-we ciples. All Florida should join in this etc., eic., for exhibition are solicited Henry Fouts. of Five Mile Club; R. A. uses.
If business men who wish to reach the mean their good& services, io we -tall gand movement and it will within a from all parts of the State.. C o' F 'r C ; Hm. Douglass, n OWEB dARt
better class of the people of Florida, will compell them.t6-bet interested-and we twelve.month. To that end and to prevent duplicates of Providence; D. B Knightnn laey Plantsadapted to tMisl
Iwouild respectfully suggest.tthat those (Pales-tine ; Sam Croft,. Johnsonviledoutaapetohi
Barcont;PliasWilims C dara huecultures man agem
examine our paper carefully, weigh, its hope they will also give it a generous T w NURSERYMEN'S ud.ewhiloe xhitsw -firs n Bam r meuCeek lu;Wilaso, Cedar anage
merits and read the tes.timon'ials on-the share of their advertising patronage. THE NURSERYMEN CONVENTION. b.etter--or of such Ceek Cub; William Dobson, Sania .
second and eighth pages-to which we We believe they cannot invest money to We regret notto have been'able to exhibit, that I may form thembefore Club, Columbia county, and T. :' U.SELLANEOU SU
-" .shijfiirg:-ifthat pitic'u/V exhibit is a-e g, were chosen to revise the donstitu- Bees"and bee 'Plants, si
-might add indefinitoly-we thik- they better advantage. At the time 'this attend the recent meeting of the Nur- Acll- e, wis.l tiqn and platform.. Thpre being' no the mulberrawy, hunting an
Swill be convinced that the FARMiA AND journal. made its appearance the season servmen's Association at Palatka We attach-d flih t a urther business, the meeting adjourned and dog'-laws, fences anf
ocaton at Paat recom mending the &onstiutton platfo irm tion foe farmers, fqrme n
FRUIT-GROVIER has attained, as the had pas6,ed for placing such advertise- knew we should have a report of the and co nty 6 f'nthe'nxbibitor nd descriprm tion for farmers, fjmer
":-,L. .. -" ....."," ... -.-- ", .... ',,, '.... . tion anda proceedingsnforof ourof'meet i proc-ding otho r meeing-t the ortaton, inget -ng pro
.-Tes-D ocratysof it, "plhenomenal. ments. butnow the-season approaches proceedings-wl.ich will be found on the ro samt u fbrh'-" u inform-at^eion'o 'Wee ro es o uprbmlcetit o the ptat r s, ma' oult
a~ ra u~i-I~o lsaet~pie-Weekly Timres for publication, mental farms, agricnltui
suCcess," .ad that it is desfIned't rank, again,. apdwe wish tb call the attention last page of this issue-but we wished to and if tb iitst rdturnd and E.W. THOMAS, J. M. MOTT, home-manufactures, .n
a/' last pap o"fcetx tbi ar f ifo~u _;eriepie 1.'. a
gas to. prosperity and cculation, among of all who have not already .advertised meet the members individually and to when. -, -'-''-.' .. S "cetary, Cairman. ofa.Florida, historic point
the very frst of the. many, excellent with us to the fact that the FARMER AND listen to their discussions, and we regret The cos ft'l.tasorlattion for small CONSTITUDTIONOF THEFARleRS'UNIONd vice, farm buildings,'hoi
... -- o ft" -t .- c '-. -- ,y" a r m m ac m n e v far m
jouruals of this class thaare published FUIT-GROWER affords.r them a means of that circumstances prevented, parcels by e*ptps-preaidby thesender, We, the-undersigned farmers of the farm macher,
by. freight fro JLofiirst railroad. State of: Fiorida, in oider' to -ste wa c 'lsplcoig
mthe South..- r. securing a largely increased number of We have advanced the opinion re- station or landit r atr-my ex- ourselves- rand o tty the rights and cooking- bi
-= u p : i .. ". ,' "P"- b f --s -I," ii f ... .. _e -w t f up ly cook i n g 'oa ,
Our paper baa are circulation customers. peatedly in these columns that this aaso- pense. In addibi ,teeiheh-bibts I privileges of controlling the price' ostold economy. mine
pap Nor -h and NV gs"" P l g uple.ia d h i orc ofo._n. g, -
.....ethe North and West among prospective RESERAED FRD NET ISSE citation gives promise of great usefulness. specially desire .a d. 0Ieane tr.teeco- cotton and allother produce ofourlabo6'" 1" 1 tratno e ''
setler who-at-4A; -F.L. HN- T SS .. .. ,.e ar e to do, w In, treating of the abei
.settlers who ar4b'he qui ,vin? to learn.-' ;There are Wore than fifty regular'fiur- coantutt.tree, palmet baana-plant-/ and to do:away with. the.creditrcnd suboets ractical-xp ,
eve hi ..... o hy r n m "" a gro" g pin.O_ ptO.ql -uiaq nynOlrgage system, -and to esaol~lab a sujet prcia -.,ri
erything. petiung to the State I We ha n. nteet ng communica. serymen in the State, all worklngw: p--gan shruboi leri tb.ada, l 'rictgc se, sh t ei ^ be preferred' to thi
which they make homes. They tion from-HonG-eorgeg H. Browne, on common purpose and makingdaiys for decorating the car. diest'r-handi-. tural and commercial men, and to pro edge.; yet here are topic
r .x -- .. 1 6 .l f..-d r e- -- w o r k i s s o i i e a s .l .a 0. ~,r ... c u s s I o n w h i c h l n a v o :t o
Learn from om-expertenced contributors the action'fdrne Flotda Legislature pn ies of horticulture, and bv tneeting to work is solicited as well as photographs, teot ourselves against extortion and' all cussion which .^
i to 'h- s -' ''- b 'pr e.-'-k-' other wrongs and grievances heretofore fom s
.-what todrand what they will need to the Experiment1Station bill, a state- geLher and comparing notea they outht o ceucry, persons, etc. ,;;. la.'' -..
-a- 1-i ,, -,' .Asa ti s I car will be visited by tho uandr.clCed upon us, do heeby ordai .o
.- have andthey look to our advertising ment by general W. H. Sebring in re- to do a great work for the State. That daily at te agicultual 'air a othra etabishthis constitution for the edo not desire lette
-columns to learn what they can buy here guard to the awards for citrus fruits at they have a good working force and can points it is important that it containja.Farmers! -Uio' of Bradford Cuty, ip praise of eca
-" =;.in Florida "Forexample, Messrs. Church the New Orleaus Exposition, and a crit- do good work, is proved, by the proceed- full and complete exhibit of Florida. sState' oFlorida. -atma to favorare baed-
-: =-< ... .- prd uct 'T t t nd I m te hos g .-- a]iiations for membership in thei or p od ct e eso .r3
Anderlo& C6, wio placedan advertise- icism of a certain matter which needs ingsoftherecentcouventiou. Asregard products. To that e- ,..nd I invite t-l-0bg"- i-Qalfication pdt'ees 't
a cert-.i -c .. ... -g e eat ions -and. cooperation o.or 4at E'armers Union shall be tbeeonaJide Of I aIOnimated ov .
meant. with- usi very recently, have re- criticism, by one who signs himself "Ne- nomenclature, we gladly accept -their, Floridias' Very Respectfully f aers the sturdy yeoian hoad sirabl bywayio ey
.. .o :- g .... ." P. Floidiafn 6. Veryv Respectu y c;" f''a'r&'brs, the sturdy Veorian'who standi iral ~??
ceved,'several responses,-to, it from dis- mo," (but is a 'man for- a' that").-all of dicta. Henceforth the FARMER AND WANTON S. WEBB,' behind the plow handles-and mnakes.lis .statements axi desnptr
....: tant States. One partyyresidtirg at Fort which w desuied to present on this FtrlIT-GROwER will-ribt use the. term General -Manager living by the sweat of his face, and .not boeo.e0seand a.s mucht.o
"-.esi g at "~k "." 1': s- .. .-. -- .- 'l -- '- "1 ..- ,, I !-6 -- ,, '- .- -. .- tate -p a pers please copy th e m a n w h o carries on fa rm i l on h s o e .: .," ?-= .
Brady, Sault Ste Mbae,-wAtes to them :page but concluded, on account of their Japan'- plum." Wben if occurs -Statepapers lease copy. the man who carrie on farmingtloug h .::
o.ow,. -nteen..-As. I Intend to good- keeping qualities, to reserve for manuscrpts we shall take the liberty.o t- not feed too much corn -but mix The above constitio. adopted a ;i6sa 1ret nd a.a.
.p 'ourcty"en route to Pana- the nextsu e changing it to Kelsey plum orloquat;.- -with wheat and oats.- iApproved by tne c66ientionof'the Fa1m-. -' 2iT2O.A4M -

4ja -7 A---
.-.-.-.-- -- --"L
: ":: :- ? ": .. ." 7 .- ". -- : : : -- . .=- .. -.,--1-. : i

P6. .
rasa. Para grass-
grass, .. orcikard. .
son grass, Texas
Ge'rman millet, -
teosinte, sorg- -
peas, desmodi-
jedkza, alfalfa,

PS.' -.. ...-
season, difficul-
( Staple-Plant-
ting, manage-
from- the-seed.
id sugar, con'di- :
tory in Florida,
culture, manu- '

ison of vanie--
ctibfnieBs, metb-
ods of planting
e effects of. fer- ---
it, preservation i
iroqdicts. -
immon. loquat, -
'e plum, mul-.
grava, banana ......
ango, avocada .'
englishh walnut,'
olive, grape,
weather, etc.

e and remedies.
nent or utility,
rest lands, the
industries, she
mena of plant"
plants. .
be senit to the
Informati6h is
ar nan1b' and.

" climate, out- .
ent-of grden-

BJECTS. : ." -
Ik .culture-d .d
d fisbing-," dogs- :"
, roads, legisla -
s' clubs trans- :.;
'oduce, e : e p':
ral education, .
natural history --. -'
6; sanitary, ad-" ..
rse 'furiiahuig,' .-. '--
n implem'enis,". :
apphiances,.re- .'
ie ,decorations .''._'
ralrand'earths, ,".
ve'and- related ,',.
izce is much to,,\ ."'
retical know i'"' "
Ds needmn'g" die" :.
be!'!treated of
) '-.eti l .. .'-nd ? '- .:.
, ,,: ._,'* ..;-.-. '- ... .
w riattenam ere- .
l.ooiAl"t _ilens .& ..


soffke, Sumter county, Fla., in Jannary
next, for the purpose ef settling there,
and as I shall require seed, both garden
and field, and aN you offer to furnish
catalogue free on applica' ion, I respect'
fully request that I be furnished one.
Youradvertisement I saw in the FLORIDA

We think the uurseiymen ot Florida
will concede that their interests have
had a veiy liberal snare of attention in tIhe
FARMER ANT) FRUiT-(;R,:WER. It has been
and will be our policy to show that Flor-
ida is adaptetl to a much greater variety
of fruits than was formerly supposed,
and that nurserymen, now that people
can he induced to plant fruits other than
the orange, should do all in their power
to encourage this most salutary change
by introducing and experimenting with
all miner of fruits, giving the public
reliable information in regard to them
through the press, and keeping more va-
ried stocks adapted to changes in the de-
mand. This was the policy we outlined
at first, and it has been ably supported
by the numerous members of thIe frater-
nity who have contributed so liberally to
our column ns.
Our correspondence with ilie nursery-
men of Florida leads us to believe that
our work in the field of horticulture and
pomology has met with their approval
and suppoiit. They must see indications
outsideof our statements, that the FARM-
ER AN'i, FRUIT-GR(IWER has a wide circle
of intelligent readers. They may rest
assured that such is the fact, and that
our circulation is very rapidly increas-
ing. Early in the winter we shall mako
great improvements and advertise our
journal on an immense scale, for doing
which-as most of our readersare aware
-we enjoy peculiar facilities. Knowing
what we can do in this lino, that our
journal has obtained'favor exceeding our
most sanguine expectations, and that our
subscription list is growing in a contin-
ually increasing ratio, we feel no hesita-
tion in predicting that %ithin a year no

A letter recently received by us from
the Secretary of the National Grange.
concludes as follows: "It is a mystery
to me why the farmers in Florida are
not hard at work with us in the grand-
est. effort ever made for their 'ernetit."
To outsiders Floiida's apa-hy may
have appeared a "mystery," Ihut it id no
mystery to' us who have watched the
course of events for a dozen year's past.
The industrial classes of Florida have
been hood-winked and manipulated by
"soulless corporate ions" andi conscience-
leEs combinations of speculators, have
been systematically cajoled and deceived
with flattering- promises to an extent
never witnessed, we presume, in any
other State or country. Circumstances
have conspired to bring about an abnor-
mal state of affairs, based on expecta-
tions such as are nowhere to be realized
on this mundane sphere1
Happily for the State, circumstances
which at first seemed adverse, have
opened the eyes of the people, and they
are crying, with Dr. Ambrose, "what
shall we do to be saved?" An answer
comes from thegrEatabior organizations
of thie North an 16est Arise, ye who
feed the world, -.d assert.-your right to
the fruirs of tis il^'Arise as one
man and put t0.i-&t .th'e harpies that
seek to devour '-uu.''In union is your
strength, andby't-ion aloue can you be
The farmers of Florida hear the voice
and respond. They are organizing into
clubs, meeting in county conventions,
planning for a State convention and to
join in the great co operative movement
which promises to redeem England and
the United States from a galling and
degrading tyranny. There is no doubt
that the farmers of late years have given
half theirsubstance without an equiv-
alent to-the support of a vast army, of
non-producers, who, though wholly de-
dendent on the farmers for sustena&e,
affect a lofty superiority.. because fli6y
have learned to "live by their wits."
Out of the license which this army of

As to the wisdom of uniting with the
Fruit Groweis' Association we have
grave doubts. Those who have done
gooei work in horticulturewith tiheirowu
hands, we would consider to be qualified
for merniheiship, and none others. Tihe
nurseinymnien already have a well organ-
ized working foice. Their interests are
identical, and therefore they work har-
moniously and effectively. Will it not
be a source of weakness to draw in a
large number whose interests differ in
a leading particular? Tlhe associa-
tion's strength lies in its unity of senti-
rment and purpose, and it seemnis to us
unwise to consider so radical a change
in its organization.

We have received from the 0. Judd
Co., of 751 Broadway, New York, a new
and enlarged edition of Peter Hender-
son's Practical Floriculture, a Guide to
the Successful Cultivation of Florists'
Plants, lfor the Amateur and Professional
Florist." Like all of Peter Henderson's
works, this isa standard. Though more
completely applicable to the Northern
States, yetan intelligent person can use
it to great advantage e'en in Florida.
At any rate we know of no better book
for those who grow flowers, either for
pleasure or profit. Every detail, from
the sowing of seeds to the arrangement
of floral designs, is treated of in a mas-
terly manner, and.the work is well illus-
trated with practical cuts and working
On another page wegiveextracts from
the chapter on The Potting of Plants,"
which alone is worth .the price of the
book to any one who has a dozen plants
to care for. Simple as pot culture may
appear, very few understand the princi-
ples upon which success depends. The
calendar of work for every day in the
year, is very interesting and may be
adapted in a measure to Florida by read-
ing March for May, May for June, Sep-
tember for August and November for
September. The price of the book is

ljfurni .,$' Jfn"m.

IN UtNuN rREu e iR ..T Fsi iN iH,


The Farmers' Union Established
in Alachua- County.
F tto, Fr- i.-li .Ft, F' r lit,:-i fl iit- ''i':
DEAR SIR-WIVhen I wrote to you before
the constitutlori was in the bauds of a
commIttee to L .,e put in a ror'e condensed
form, and we suppo.,dj that it vould not
be published until atLer the State Con-
vention, but I put the matter before the
committee aid it was decided to have it
published atonce. Resolutions were of-
fered accepting your kind offerand ten-
dering you the thanks of the club. I en-
close a copy of the constitution and by-
laws for publication.
Yours 'ery respectfully.
Secretary Cleveland Farmers' Club.
OSCEOLA, Alachua Co.. Aug. 1, 18897.

ARTICLE 1. This organization shall be
known as the Farmers' Union of the
State of Florida. Its object shall be to
promote and protect the general interest
of the farmers, truck and fruit growers
of the State of Florida and we, the
farmers of i he State of Florida, in order
to secure to ourselves and to our poster-
ity the rights and privilege of controlling
the price of coi ton and all other products
of our labor, and to avoid the mortgnge
and credit system, and to establish a cash
business between the agricultural and
commercial-men, and to protect our-
selves against extortion and all other
wrongs and aggrievances heretofore
practiced upon us, do hereby ordain and
establish this Constitution for the Farm-
ers' Union for the State of Florida, and
do hereby pledge ourselves, as farmers
of the State of Florida, to stand by each
other and to make all reasonable efforts
to uphold and protect the interest of the
farmers, truck and fruit growers of the
State of Florida.
AR'ICLE 2. A person to be qaified
for membership in this Union mrnt be a
bona fide farmer, truck and fruit grow-
er, and not one who carries on farming
through agents and" tenants, flh his
general interests lying I the feif filee
ARTICLE 3. .The officers of this Union
sliafll cons~iast of a nresident. rriep mTaP !_

era' Union held at Midway, Bradford
county, July 30. 1887.
We, the undersigned, citizens and
farmers, do firmly bind ourselves to-
gether as a body of farmers for the pur-'
pose to better enable us to protect our-
selves against oppresa ve combinations-
which are being waged against the farm-
ers and poorer class of our country. By
doing this we cau better. our financial.-
condition. 1We further pledge curselVes
that we, as falrnmeis, will stand tirmlyv
united in this great cause. If we are
Irue to ourselves arid stand firmly united
we will succeed. We funrher pledgeand
bind ours..-lves that we will not patron-
ize middlemen who are in business only
for the purpose to enrich themselves and
make the farmers poorer, no further
than we can possibly help. Our purpose
shall be. or the object aimed at is, to
handle our own produce and stop paying
thie middlemen to handle it for us, and
to adopt the best means for our protec-
tion. All of which we do firmly stand
to and abide by. --
The above accepted and approved'6f-
by the convention held July 30, 1887. -

-The South Florida construction train
last week distributed new fifty-pound
rails and fastenings along the line pre-
paratory to relaying the track. Theheav-
ier rail will greatly improve the road

Hints to Correspondents.
The readers of the FLORIDA FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER are respect fully in-
vited to contribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard and house-
hold affairs. The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal maf be-
gathered from the subjoined table, whfiich
may serve to suggest what might other-
wise escape attention :
Clearing land, draining land, crops for .
new land, succession of crops, intensive
farming, treatment of different soils,
Irrigation, soiling vs. pasturing, cow-.
penning, green manuring.
Horses, mures, cattle, hogs. shbeep,
goats. poultry-Breeds, feed, diseases,
treatment. '
Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn-
yard manure, guano, ground bone, su-
per-phbosp.lte, gypsum, lime..-.kainit,
ashes, map. muck, leaf mould, corn-




suggestion to Florida ladies, that they sure," for a few days, on the wall near twelve onions, also chopped fine, one Fancy Poultry ald Hunting-D ogs. E,r
/S^-M- ^SiO ff +/irl* study up and originate new orange des- the kitchen stove. We find it keeps bet- gallon best vinegar, one pound brown "g gtl t tf eolwncfig T E
Mp a VWsert dishes, and new ways of using or- ter this way than in the cakes, which sugar, one tablespoonful black pepper, Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va- r "
LE A UTEt. anges in the social and domestic circle, latter will sometimes mold. We make half "an ounce tumeric powder, one rieties of Domesticated Land L1 IInn
ELEN HARCOURT. Editor. Let the hotels make dessert dishes of enough to last for three or four months. ounce celery seed, and tablespoonful and Water Fowl. 1
oranges, and their guests will carry a A. half or three-quarters of a cupful of ground allspice, one teaspoonful ground --1-$13- 1 I -1 1 PUP
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all taste for them to their homes. Let the this, cup filled up with water (not hot) cloves, quarter pound white mustard Also ThoroughbredYoungSetters and Hounds.
With words of good counsel for old friends and recipes be published and republished in will make three good loaves of bread. eeed. o(Fe gill .of salt; boil together, stir- Address VILLA ZANZA POULTRY YARDS,- .
new, all Florida papers, and as far as possible Aunt Fanny's way you see, is much the ring well, for two hours; take from the Manatee, Fll. FOR THE PEOPLE.
when aompne b mqoiel.Grape Vines b r b M
Personal inquiries will be answered by mail literature sent to Northern friends, news- I make quite a quantity at a time, and : T
whenaccompanied by stamc for reply, papers and magazines, to circulate far as mine was at first a hop yeast recipe, Oir Young Folks' Corner. ,
.seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views, and wide, and thus create the taste and but peach leaves substituted, I will give We wantletters from our cousins, descriptive Suited to the Soil ald Climate of
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit, fashion for Florida oranges that they so it. of places, things, or doings. Witebriefly, clearly
,",elp ye one another." richly deserve. TO DESTROY ROACHES. and distinctly, on one side of the page. Give age FlOr a,
Cpmmunications intended for population richly deserve. TO DESTROY ROACHES. of writer. Florida,,
must be brief, clearly written, and only on Then, if the channels and appliances We read once somewhere in a news- BIRTHDAYS
-one side of the paper.4 between thie producers and consumers of co BIRTHDAYSGrown and for Sale at
All matter relating to this department are in good running order, there will be paper (and a e, we all know that b ody's ir ay 's om rys
EDITOReOURaHo" no marHCetluts, no sacrifices and ,cthe skins of cucumbers strewn about or Harry's; everyday in the year is a N "'S A DtA DA U1 T M- I
Fa. Farmer and FrutGHO eCI E, lamentations, but an ever increasing de- would keep roaches at a respectful dis- birthday to thousands and thousands of
Montclair, Fla. mand to meet an ever increasing supply. tance" Well perhaps it meant at a re- people, little people and big people, and NURSERIES,
ST. NICHOLAS spetful distance from their homes, be- wonder how may among them all ever Near TALL AHASSEE, Fla., AN EIGHT-PAGE PAPER.
Our Cosy Corner. cause that was the effect it had,epe stop to think that this day, the one day."
Our Cosy orner. Answers to CorrespondentS. cially on the young and giddy members in all the year,thatbelongs to them in- E. DUBOIS, Manager.
We give below an article from one of S., New York City: Inquiries re- of the family. They adored cucumber l ly a mealthanniverry end for ataloge and order early d, also
-our subscribers, one of the "well-behaved A. S', New York City nqui o e a Ty ayord cSendforCataeanueandorder early. Se Hasnthae Ex, h,.,rc Fr-Asrh,se el the !"
o o received, and answered by mail of the 9th skins, and no doubt, if they had organ- thmorean ePriceListeof HastFr of th
gentlemen" to whom our doors are ever Ao t o w^hi^ .b world have given us y i hrn?
fully en, whose vws and trust thauggest our readers Vermo nt Company, Bellows Falls,Vt.: a voteof thanks for the treat. They That is only the outside view of t, the .Vines.O
wifully end follow. We know it thato be a fact Information received and thankfully clustered thick on the skins, and were e l a covers the nut, it has a far *lor i h
Swill follow. \ne Know it ollO a rac used. having thb nicest kind of time in a few Ideper meaning than this. .n .ED ho, av 1LET. ROTER A CO..
thatin ver many ofthe slind eastern F. B.C., Morrisburg, Ontario, Canada, 'hours after we tried the experiment. In walking n ongt a countrys ,road, have I. Y. GROER & Co. e, F
t ownsand villagesth ute noria orangd writes: "I think we can beat Florida for We gazed in dismay- at a rePpectful by the wayside to mark the dis- .. the Largest ani Only EIl,:-ent Nws 5crvice in
IS almost, i. fnot quite, unknown, an hot weather this summer. July 9th the distance," indeed There we hundreds e, a t STATE AGENTS FOR te c.:unrr. As,.
p6ilucers, or the dealers, or the people- thermometer stood at 102 degrees in. the come to the feast, like invitedhguests. Just so, inethisworldnemi er one waoe
opportunity-but ,withtheriloads, grees under my verandah. I placed a denly a gleam of savage triumph flitted. along aroad-the roadof ulife-we are A SP A TELERA C ERIE
whose chargesto"wayStations," or thermometer on the west side of the over our countenance. Straightway we traveler
aes t rea t s house, against a closed shutter, in the went away and returned with a pail of eng, but always marching onward. ve -SOLUABLE SEA ISLAND GUANO
competition, ap are ptrom ibitory. They antreo sun; it went up to 130 degreesinashort boiling water; then we carefully lifted have no choice, we must keepmoving E..Tand t m 'mplee
chaveotuh, atne d in te i" o r. time. This I can vouch for as correct, up those cucumber tables and dropped n, but we have ia choice of 'the road o wer an dO E I.cmlt
eay enough, an m e s m eir multitude els into ravel the good one or the o just DISSOLVED BONE AND ALKAL
charges for freight to these large mar- Nearly every day since it has beenrupi themrwitht p then w r L e e as we like The one leooads u ohill and eu st
the nineties. Nights very warm' tat pai. "hen we replaced te empty tahe oherk diown an e thea sph -latd.
k e ts a n d I t is th is m o r e thi e haan y o. ..oth e r S o b it W e a e q t w i l n t h t t b s a d.yn d d h m a g n ,h lP H O S P H A T E T T S E V I 0
cause, that events the Florida orange d dfl h h hWe" l te a an byvstdte again, S. seems the easier-Tat first.
"sblythe-box' from being as familiar a Canada should beat us on the heat record and it was woneruhow e roac crop There are mile posts along whichever .N wHolESAL DELERS IN
faoil riend as are the pach and as well as the cold. "" was diminished. The cucumber peelsejustag h v. PPI)M tT-. O.WN CORIRESPONDENTS. "
bush tand barrel.. ap. e. It is a *fact that some of our Florida did in truth "keep them at a respectful 'paths of life" we choose to travel, justs0MITI;0XvNCORREE.ONDEN"t
If their rates upon alcoholic liquors ple went to the North and West this distance" from their homes forever planted thickly all along the route.
were as prohibitory, few would com- summer, and hurried back to Florida to more.
lain, butrather bless t mpotn. 1 n u npmosts are? Yes, our birthdays are the Get our Prices before buying. ITS TELEG.APIIC
By taking up the cudgels for our beau- fortable nghts, and yet this season has thinned outi n the same way, --Yon mle posts that are set up along the way
-t.- or St.....olas suggeals, heen an unusually hot one here as else- by the cucumber peels, but 'by otherml -t- etpon tewe-a" "
tiful ng- as St ~icholas suggests bn n uuu ns each ith its two long arms pointing in R N. ELLi. i. E MeC'LUR, Actt. ORANGE QUOTATIONS
and- tossing them here, there and every- wher t.u sed i t am wa two different directions. ELLIS & McCLURE,
where, wit recipes for their ma ny uses G. N., Madison, Fla., asks if we can Powdered borax and sugar, in equal On qe en is write, in brighgoldenr
tied to them, like the tail to a kite, very ettersTo the ast, anon te oter Ar tts-
m be d t m t worms on flowers and vegetables. See es. The lids of the wooden m atch boxes, 0 dim! an t mioe ast "t a y u c h oardlyn-tthe seater i -L adng
m uch could be done to-m ake them pop- -Fam-ly"Friend. so com m on in all our houses, m ake good so d i d ,meand isty th heat you eha d yl s or inm the aon Cate s oft h ae b eone er -
allr and sought for in due time we o p .. Fla., applies for dises to put it in. Borax and good read it, unless the sun shines very Plans for eruit Grow-r, and are worth to ea.h one
aran sought or. i ue Mrs. A. H., Bayview, a., applies for dishes to ut it m. or and condeng, sedan rightlon it, the words, "Straigtfor- HOTELS PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD- wih hao a .liyv mal iwenry times
Famly Friendwtlookto ll the items of th a girl which applcation s pce e latter without th ng, is a d Eternt INS, ANITARY ENGINEERING,&o. the price o the paper. Its
ortamheyFrican beg, t aborrl w or stel. file and inqui answered by mail of equal good mixture. The sweets at- Awful word these, but we must look P 0. ox 784. Rooms 7 8 PalmettoBlock
A MORAL AND DOMESTIC VIEW OF THE such eering words of our Home Circle Having had occasion recently to make at the we can'tshut them out; they ACKSOvILLE,FLA. VEGETABLE QUOTATIONS
-FLORIDA ORANGE that we are fain to copy them here, with war on rats; we find, after various ox- remind us where the path we are travel- ... ... C i, ing w ill surely end, and all that w e have
_:..Editor of Our HomCne Circl: a gratification born, not of egotism, but periments, that Costar's Rat and Roach to do, soasto read them without fear is U OU OF r a ful d come
With much diffidence I venture to of the encouraging consciousness of suc- Exterminator has a better claim to its to d .t ead full rnti complete.
place few thoughts at your service, to cessful work. which is a mighty incen- title than anything else we have tried, o keep teadily how rough, or straightony, or long it
be used in whole or in part as you may tire. ihe world over, to increased exer- destroying not only rats, but roaches, ma tte h ough, or stony, or long it
think proper, in the Home Circle. Gions: "The FRMR AND FRUIT-GROW- our chickens eating the latter without m a in we ma hatlife i Three
S The last orange crop was over a mil- ER is a welcome visitor to our h6use,and detriment, as it is not a poison, but on, an e that aOur birt YS a re te 1 1 1 One Year, 1 50 Six onth,o5, lThree
lion boxes, or say one hundred and fifty the first page read is Our Home Circle. chiefly phosphorus. leas. Every yeaar w e turn over a new u | ) u Moh. O l
million oranges, which for the lifty mil- 'ou bave opened my eyes, and lam re- As a preventative that we have found leav vrd eah one is numbered, and l -l ",
lion inhabitants east ot the Rocky Moun- solved henceforth not to be -a slave to efcacious, driving roaches, as well as pagritten, andclosel with onthe is numbered, and of all we -
tains, whs an average of three oranges, things." Some day, when the precious moths out of closets, bureau drawers, written closely ince the record o allturn we
costing at retail8or9ecentsforeach man, moments are not so completely filled, I and trunks, is turpentine. In a clothes For some people this book contains JACKSON LLE, FLA.
woman and child. hope to step into your Cosy Corner, and closet so infested by large roaches that but very few eves, ut a fw birh-
Contrast this with the awful fact that hope to be able to ay E o-mething that the clothing was eaten by them (being days, but what does that matter, if on Weber Pn n.., Hmens Pianos, po;- P;anos TITE
fifteen of the fifty million motl men ma lighten somebody buren asyou frequently disturbed ,athorough clear- M,- buritht de os rte o tY.. Piarn:- C g' o pre.-r 'iafo
consume over seven hundred million have done so much to lighten theyoKeok fng Out and scalding, with turpeninhose pages there shine words of love Wilcox &...i....rgh...Pek..I-er S"" tandar
dollarsof alcoholic drinks, an average Florida housekeepers." placed about on bits of cotton or rage, Beeve me that boiok no matter ow r nWdl sela de Iverat or u arest onLW
to the drinkers of over i$47 per annum, B Z. H., Lake Mlaitland: Your appli- has completely cleared it of its unwel- small wielbeplatedinagoldenrbiding HtI o Grae"--
or a drain on the whole of $14 each, the cation for one of the girls, the Homrne come tenants-not one can be found. Small,-willh e placed in a golden binding,
results of which are vital degeneration, Ci]rcle hopes to place in good Florida To those who object less to the odor of library: it makes no difference fat
demoralizationand death tothedrik-omes this fall, is received and filed, turpeuinethan to that of roaches, this tells of only a few birthdays, only a few EIGHT P E
ers, and an incomputable damage to the with special notice. We desire, how- hint is valuable. years of life, God reads the deeds writ-
whole community. withoutasingle miti- ever,tostate, thattheeditorof theHome PEACH LEAF YEAST. ten on those pages and He counts its
gating feature. tCiele will bare no power of selection or Put nine heaping tablespoonfuls of value by its brightness. He counts by iOR- isthe Bes and Ceariest Weekly inthe South
Foirrteen dollars a year for liquors otherwise among such children as the sifted flour and one teaspoonful of salt. actions, not by years as we do. Containa the Cream or the Daily for the week.
against nine cents for Florida oranges, a society may bring to Florida. Pour on this two teacupfuls of boiling Let us remember, then, that when-
fruit without a peer of its own species in The editor's action and responsibilities peach leaf tea. The flour will, of course, ever we do an act of kindness to our fel-
the world, surpassed by noother fruit in begin and end in bringing the parties to- be scalded. Set it aside until cool lows, it is written down, and that for
giving exquisite enjoyment, and none gether. Applicants will be duly notified enough to put your finger to the bottom suheb deeds more bright, shining birth- r
more conducive to health. Is there not of the expect a rival., and those desi- of the bottle and hold it there. It is days are set down to our account in T .-I Only $1 a Year; 50 cents for
in this an enormous wroi g to the women, ing first choice must be on the spot early then cool enough to add a cupful of heaven than if we should live thousand sUn-tedStes.' I wali,pa -P, o or Organ to Six Months.
you re v ital points than those of mre The list o f applied to secure it. ad special qual- yeast already raised. Stir it well and years for ourselves alone. any hone-t mnian or woman, :n trial, and if not
in more vital points than those o mere The list of applicautsand special qual- put in a wararm place to rise. When Let us not forget that every birthday atfsfaectory, I will pay ireght tbth ways. U-5
pecuniary cousideration.-ED.] cities desired and purpose, whether of light, work into it corn meal sufficient to we leave behind us, is another furrow ca.h and$ a month on a Liau and ic1 e.rn
You have often noticed a youngster of- form into small flat cakes and dry in the sowed in the field of life, and that when much more than an ordiharm rent On tee l"Sample Copies of aU Free to any
three or four years sucking an orange stances or merely for household help, sun, turning Ihem over frequently so as the end, the harvest comes, we shall reap very iii,eral terms anyone can own an ir.otr- Address.
How his face glows with enjoyment. age and all other points specified, % ill to facilitate drying and prevent souring. whatever we have sown, whether rich ment. Send for FREE CATALOGU-TEonatan-
He gasps for breath in his esaerness, be forwarded to the Home whichaupplies When dried a good way to keep them is golden grain, or loathsome weeds, bitter Violmi,. Banjoc, Gutaro, Acroreons, and, In
and grunts from delight. Florida the girls, and selections made there as in meal bran or wheat bran. I have a and rotten. fra., every musical instrument that ai made.
oranges affod a great please to al,be r as possible in coformit with the cracked stone jar. good only for such And thus wehave seenthat a birthday a p e r o the
they old or young. list that the parties who ave specialurposes and I put in a layer of bran is an important event in olur eli.s haet at5,/innti.-urcopy. P cy Prembm offered tohsub-
I am aware that the orange is but one objects in view, will probably find ex- and then the yeast akest having the it ismor than merely dav acriber to the
of a dozen luxury fruits, each in its actly what they desire on consulting the bran an inch deep on top. They do not age in years. Let u the relomemberk ourat A.B. AlL,
season, from the strawberry of spring to agent in charge. Answered by mail mold and weevils do not trouble them. it ia mile post on the road of life; a leafTIMES.
the orange of wIntel-. but they are, one Aug..b. Jacksonville. W.h.KLY TIMES.
and all, a succession of blessings. Sum- *- FOR MILDEW, APHIS AND RED SPIDERS. in the book of life, a furrow of seed
sown in the field of life-all of which
mer is crowded with fruits, while the The Davis Fund. (From Florlda Fruits moa How to Rh,-e Them.1 will be added up, for or against us. in
orange has all of winter and most of We gladly acknowledge the receipt of One quarter of an ounce of sulphide ofthat etenityto whichwe arealltravel- s TE T, POND URSERIES.
spring, with scarcely a competitor. Yet $1 towards the waving of the little potassium to one gallon of water. Ap- iug.
with an averageof only three oranges bolme,"fromoneofour sisters,whoisnot ply with a syringe or fountain pump. Think it over, my dear young cousins,
per capital, during marketing period of "'weary of well doing." this being her This substance is cheap and easily ap- and let each birthday find you higher up PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS, KELSEY PLUM AND OTHER FRUITS.
six months, last winter the market was third contribution, plied, and the effect upon the above ene- and nearer to the Great Father who
broken down. and for a while the fruit mies of the fruit and vegetable grower loves and watches over us all. Senr for cireaar. Circular contains horth;story of Peach Culture in IFlorida, and hints a
was almost given away. Now, I am is almost magical. Grape vines, cucum- to culture. J. P. DePASS, Archer, Fla.
satisned there was no substantial cause The Family Friend. bears, melons, plum and peach trees, in TO BLEACH SHELLS.
for this fiasco. Suffice to say that it re- We gladly welcome within Our Home short every plant attacked requires only Shells-may be bleached to a snowy 0 ID E T OT F CU LT TTD
sulted from circumstances that can and Circle one of Florida's old-time citizens, one to three sprinklings to becompletely whiteness by placing them for a few 1J L'
must not be allowed to occur again, whose residence and experience, we are cleared of its enemies. hoursinasolutionofchlorideoflime;firast
But in view of th ever increasing safe to say, out dates those of every nine BANANA CAKE. washing them perfectly clean, then Tells ow togrow and prepare the Fig, and describesour new fig-
orange production, the market must be out. of ten of our readers. We "kunw placing them in a jar containing the COMMERCIAL SMaRNA
widened. It- must ramify into thou- that she is an authority on figs, and if One cupof butter, two cups o. sugar, e. Place the vessel in the sun, and
sands of outlets in city and country not she an add to the ecies for this fruit oe cuof swet milk, three eggs. four when sufficiently bleached, remove and Oy nu Fi of Commerce." and te n g n the world, Also,Tropcal and NewFrts
now open. It is safe to say that mil- already published in these columns, we cups of lou and three small teaspoon- washing clearwater. Then, taking a soft ne o.k N n country. Addrs wthStamp,
S lions of people in tho United States trust abe will let us all share them, o fuls of baking powder. Mix lightly and woolc.u cloth and a little oil and finel Cutler, DICde oURnt, OMP a.
never yet tasted a Florida orange. not any otshr -good things" she may h bake in layers. Make an icing of the powdered pumice stone, proceed to pol-
because beyond their mean-. but because learned:e whites of two eggs and one cup and a ish the surface by continued rubbing: Nurseries of the M lwaukee-Florida Ortnge Co.
S not within their reach buy. Besides Edito Our oe Cicle half of powdered sugar. Sp-ead this cnu afterwards finish with a gentle rubbing De NEDINo HILLSBOOU kee-H COUNTY, FLORIDA. Co.
we have yet to reach farmers. meheban- :itoOur lom Circle: the layers and then cover thickly and with chamoisin which will produceDUNEDI, ILSBOROUH COUNY, FLORIDA.
cs and laborers and their families. Corn- Do you think an old Floridian, who entirely with bananas sliced thin. This snow white shell with a highly enameled We maikeaspecirlryofthedisainative varieties or Clrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
petition among ourselves, and lower was here "before the war," can tell the cake may be flavored with vanilla. The surface Imerl, Riride buds personal- selected by member of onr Com an in Call.oria)a, and
prices, will gradually make them rcon- aunts and sisters and cousins anything top should be simply frosted. s e. Washbinon Navels, Maltese Blood, Hart's Tardi'. Du Ro, Jaffe, Stak'sSeedles.Tannahine
sumers as well as the rich. The domes- that may bhe helpful to newcomers? Per- BREAI OMELE.IT. Here is something for our cousins to Limest PeacnesBidwell's Early ete,),Plums, Whire Adr aticlge, etc.,etc. .
tic use .of oranges must be tenfolded, haps I may, so I will just mention a few. Put a ful of bread crumbs into make that will be very pretty for home Our Stock Is large and complete, thrifty and clean. Catlaloe free on apleation.
Why-should not oranges beordered from Do they all know that peach leaves are dish, with houpt as much cream. Sal ornament: Addesa A.L.'DUNCA. Manager, Dngdn,'la.
the groves by the box in every cityv and just as good. if not better than hops in adih L etstad unih rea PLUSH THERMOMETER FRAME. T A-
town and village, just as peaches are by making yeast cakes? They are, for I has a d ale cram. Then e Remove from the tin frame an ordi- C H U R CII AR CO

from the stands ,at a high retail corn meal and made into little flat cakes f de other omelets. fiame. It should he about two inches J-OoISO3 T'V' "I-'EJ '.'A-.-
price? Why should not oranges fre- and aired in the sun (not in the shades JELLY CARE. wide. Cat a piece of light blue plush toPRODUCE
.-fit the rame exacty and gum it on the PRODUCE AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
quently be the chief ingredient in pies, keeps fresh yeast on hand with no Three eggs;one cup sugar; butter, the back. Draw this smoothly over the "'
S- puddings, custards, ice cream, etc.? trouble? size of an egg: one cup flour; one frame and turn the raw edges of the AND -D
S Why should they not oftener be cut up [We make our family yeast by boiling teaspoonful baking powder. Bake in plush ov'ertotheundersideof the frame. -
-- for dinnerdessertorforthesuppertable, compressed or fresh hops until all the jelly cake tina, and spread, when cold, Paint on the plush a pretty design of DEALERS IN GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS.
and be eaten as are strawberries in their strength is out, then strain the liquor, with fruit jelly. This is, although so golden rod. Cut a piece of paste board .. ....
:: season? .Is thdre not as much -delicate and stir In corn meal unlil like a sponge simple and inexpensive, an admirable exactly lhe size of the frame and cover We are now preparedoto f "rnish
L flavor min the luscious Florida orange as set for bread. When cool, stir in a cup- foundation for the variouskinds of jelly, with light blue silk or paper muslin. FE
::.. in the strawberry, each in its own way, ful of old yeast. Let it rise until light cream and meringue cake. which are Overhand the edgesof this and the plush FRESH TURNIP AND CABBAGE SEEDS.
and generally at less cost for the or- and full oftbubbles, then work into it all always popular. It seldom fails, and together with blue sewing silk. Sew so
S-. ranges? Then what finer, more accepta- the corn meal it will take up, rubbing when well mixed. and baked, as very across the back a loop by which to hang In y quan tty desired, and as the seaso advances will have a full supply of
.- ble type of hospitality caa be imagined out the lumps between the hands as it nice. it, or if it is preferred standing, fasten -- .. ,l seedsuse in-thisoia, "la ie
than'a plafeof Florida oranges served to dries. When thoroughly dry we put it RAoAIJn PI.KLE. :. ispcurely at the back a long wire, shaped -all seed usedinth climate.
e- ve nng visitors? : away in a close muslin bag, hanging it Xjwogallons of cabbage. chop fine, one like a hairlpin. Thip makes a very good : -..---- ":
i'_ con.- cluision, permit me to make a at first, to "make assurance doubly galon of chopped green tomatoes, stand. -. -. Catalogue sent free on application..-,...

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z ': -a'. --,- "::' ,. .. ._ -, .- .-. .- :. _- : . ._ .-- . .=- = ,. ..- .. -. .. . ".' ,, ,.. -. .. .. ... . .. ... .. -: v '= .. .-- _. . :-- 5 '.

i -I A.-


jve $4

Tumor on a Horse.
DR. D. 0. LYON;-Onenight as I was
bringing my horse to stable from the
pasture where he usually stays at night
after being fed, I found there was a
bunch as large as a goose egg on the top
and front edge of the shoulder blade
near the withers. The bunch is not sore
and does not increase in size. I have
rubbed it smoothly with spirits of tur-
pentine, which makes him flinch. Some
tell me my horse has fistula. He works
.as well now-in good fitting collars-as
bhe ever did. This bunch hi may have been
: caused by his i cling o.n a grub or stick.
Not a hair has been lost from the spot
affected. My horse is nine years old, is
well treated and carefully groomed every
day. I dislike to think it is fistula, and
I appeal to you for information through
the columns of the FARMER AND FRUIT
ANSWER.-The growth is evidently a
tumor, and the-best remedy is the sur-
geon's knife If there is no competent
veterinary in your neighborhood I would
advise you to have your family physician
cut it out. S.v vto himthere isnopromi-
nent artery'near the part, so he can
operate with confidence. After the tu-
mor is removed apply an ointment com-
posed-of the- following ingredipnts,'well
mixed :
Iodiform ounce.
Vaseline 1 "
Balsam copaiba . "
D.-O. L.
Common Ailments of Cows.
S .-, ... BY ARGUS. .
SFor garget,'mix j-bz. of sulphur in a
bran sl)p. Give once a. day until the
heat disappears. Add a little ammonia
to some cold v-ate r and bathe, the udder
twice a day, gently rubbing and knead-
ing it for half an hour. Au. .thec remedy
:is'pokeweed. Slice as mi- .:,f the root
as .would equal a small turnip. Feed it
with sliced potatoes or other roots. One
or two' feeds will usually effect a cure; .
S For argol. feed teau meal. Cowpeas
fed through l tIe ea-oii isthe best of food
for keeping cattle in a healthy condition.
We can grow them from March .till Oc-
tober, and dry ones will do for the inier-
rvening time. -'
For lice on cattle, cut eight good cized
potatoes into water and boil it down to
two quarts. Get a large sponge and
wash the cattle with this water. Then
comb with i curry-comb and the para-
sites will come out dead.
....+"To-temove warts -from a cow%' teats.
take a bottle of soft water and put into
*: it as much alum as the water will d;s-
solve, and wash twice a day after milk-
ing.. :The warts will soon disappear. "
If a cow hascolic. giv-e her a teaspoon-
ful of powdered charcoal. Thiis is a good
remedy for many ailments. Do not re-
sort to such methods as cutting off the
: tail and boring the horns. These are
b -barbarous practices, and while they tor-
Sture'the animal they do no good. a-hat-
ever. The treatment of animals should
S be as nearly as possible like that of hu-
Sman beings.

Watering Horses in Summer.
It seems cruel to put a horse to work
When he is quite thirsty, as he is after he
has eaten in summer a nweal of dry grain
and hay, and deprive him of drink for
some hours. The plan which I. hare
Adopted, writes a farmer in a contempo-
rary,- and tested for thirty years, has
always given' such satisfactory results
that I am constrained to give it here.
As soon as the animal is brought from
the field it is allowed to drink, unless
very warm, ibut always it is made to
drink slowly, or rather, with frequent
pauses. It is given all the cool water it
wants. It is then allowed to remain in a
cool place before it is given its food, for
coming from severe exertion its stomach
is in no condition to receive food. We
feed oats mostly in summer ; feed some
little cornmeal and bran, mixed with the
cut hay. .And we moisten nil thie food.
We do not make it very moist, not wet
by any means. After the animals have
eaten they will nearly always refuse
waterif it is offered to them. The water
diffused through the f66d dilutes some-
what the gastric juice; but we consider
.-the loss thereby.occasioned les@ than Lhe
injury resulting from putting the animal
to work when thirsty. Though au ani-
nial is given all the water it wants be-
fore it is given its meal of dry grain and
Jhay in summer, it will be thirsty after it
bhas eate6. We give our teams ample
time toeat and some minutes' rest before
they are taken to the field : and feel that
by reason of this both they and we feel
so fresh that we get more work done,
In thirty-five years I have not spent a
dime.for condition powders or other
,inedicines for my horses: have had no
need to call in a veterinarian; and in
'that,timeohave lost.hut one:horse-d val-
-' uable"aiimal- th.& Ithportedfrom'Penn-
sylvania id 1885--thait became overheated
and. was killed in thebhorse power of a
threshing 'machine,'when I was absent.
_My horse are noted, for their sleekness
and good condition ; hence lam-disposed
"=,to thiuk'-that myv.methods of treating
.them 'afegood--Colman's Rural World.
Fast.andSlowllules. -
The New Orleans Picayune calls atten-
tion to a point in-farm economy which
is too often overlooked: -
-. A slow mule compels the plowman to
be'slow.-.'Th elabor- of 'a-gobd -plowma'n
costs as much as the labor of two mules.
The farmer, then, by using atslow mule,
.-- loses one-third of a- good -mule's labor,
6'd.-onie'bhird-of', the. labor-of-the two
.other mules, represented by the loss of
:-onen-third of the labor df the pldwman.
So a slow-mule sinks-- three-thirds 'of
what hd 'afi-d6 in'diy, in- the losd of
plowmanls labor- besides his own. And
th1e slow mule. needs just as much corn,
hay, currying and attention &Iia.fafst.
mule. -The farmer who.with one-plow.
andimule cultivates twelve.acres, could
cultivate eighteen ac-es justas well with

a fa-,r mule and the samne In,.l. H-e
loses the II oducts of six,
half as much as lie raises in lithe diffcr-
ence between a fast and a slow mule.

S Breaking Heifers to Milk.
S A writer for the North Carolin s Far-
-mer says :. I have often wondered why
there was-not more said in the agricul-
Stural journals about the best mode of
breaking young hPifers to milk: Every
farmer, from time to time, has suchra
job on his hands, and, without the expe-
rience of others, sometimes adopts plans
that prove very unsatisfactory. More
cows are spoilt for being gentle and kind
milkers by bad management in breaking
to milk than'from all other causes com-
bined. A wild and nervous heifer, un-
3 accustomed to being handled, is often
Driven to one corner of a large yard, and
then with one or two to assist the opera-
tion of milking commences. If she
Steps or kicks, as young heifers unac-
customed to being handled and that are
somewhat frightened usually will,. the
mnailker usually-jumps- out of the way,
-lwi:wug the animal that jumping and
Skiciing are her best means of defense,
and shtie is not-quick to forget-it.. ,
: The best way-in my experience is the
following: Get the young cow into a
stable, and if you have stancheons that
will hold her, all the better ; but if not,
tie her up with a rope, around her horns
or neck, hitched short, then with a rope
tied to a ham strap buckle, the strap
around the fore foot between the hoot
and first joint; put the rope.around the
body, draw up the foot, and tie' rope
sufficiently short so that she can't reach
her foot to the ground. She is now in
proper shape for milking. Standing on
three legs and~unable:to free the others
she gives up at once and soon becomes
gentle~and.kind._ If she is of an -unusu-
ally nervous, kickiig disposition, the
hind.leg next to the milker may be
buckled to a rope and around her leg
near the hoof and hitched to a post or
r something solid behind her. She will
soon get tired kicking and entirely give
it up. Usually hitching her by the head,
either by stancheons or a rope-and strap-
ping. up.her fore foot is all that is nec-
essary, and she will soon be a quiet covw.

Best Age for Calving.
This qciestion has been frequently
asked and di-cus-ed on both sides of the
A tlantic. Sonmie advocates f early calv-
ing have ai:lvanu.,:e-d the theory 'liat their
method is favoral-le to the development
of the milk secretary organs, and that
thereby the flow of milk is increased.
Actual elxperimeints, however, tend'to
disprove this statement. Inpaiusthking
experiments conducted in Denmark. in
which heifers.having calved when about
two Years old competed against some
having first calved when nearly three,
tlie three-year-old gave the greater
yearly average quantity of milk. The
experience was continued for more than
eleven years, and an overage of about
150 cows were tested annually. The
tvo-year-olds were especially well taken
care of when young, and their weightat
entry nearly equalled that of the three-
year old.
If a heifer calf when not mature, she
is very liable to become stunted and de-
formedi. It is therefore of importance
to have her fully developed before she
drops her first. calf. This, however, does
not say that it is not desirable to have
her mature early, for early maturity is a
great saving of tood and expense.
The prevailing practice is to let all
calves to drop in spring.' Following this
fashion, a heifer that is not. quite mature
at two years.old must be kept over until
she is three : whereas if she was made
to calve when mature, she might drop
her young in the fall and thus save half
a yea-r's food. The maturity of a heifer
must be judged by her when in a normal
condition, together with the character.
istics of her sire and dam and not by the
weight. High feeding does not promote
maturity, but rather retaids the perfect
and harmonious development of all the
Feed liberally, neither stuffing nor
starving. All conditions should be nor-
meal, so as to keep her in good health,
causing her usefulness to extend over a
longer period of years. Thle length of
use is lost sight of by rhbos.t breeders. If
it is profit .le to raise a cow at all, the
longer her period of usefulness tlhe
cheaper she will be.-Farmer's Advocate.

Management of Swine.
We gather the following from the
Southern Cultivator : It is -stated that
in a study of pigs, the American consul
at Copenhagen hhs added thirty pounds
to the weight of some animals by hav.itng
them washed daily. Besides cleanliness,
easily masticated food gave striking re-
sults. When whole corn is fed them,
only half of it is available as food, the
other half passing away in an undigested
Prof. Sanborn, of .the Missouri Agri-
cultural College, thinks that there is a
sharp demand for a decided change in
our method of growing hogs. He thinks
the food can be taken to the pig cheaper
than the pig can scour around and get
it.-and that advantage should be taken
of home-feeding to procure the manure
for increasing the production of the land.
-In his opinion this aim- will, more than
justify swine feeding;
Goats as Land Clearers.
A wealthy land owner in the Ozak
Mountains, Ark.. utilizes, the' browsing
-habit of goats for his newly cleared lands
of the oak sprout-s after t he trees are cut
down. It may nor be known to many
farmers that a flock- of- goats will in a
-very-few yeats clear away the uhder-
growth of quite a large area of forest
where they are kept. For this reason
pioneers will especially find them Useful
abd profitable.
The writer remembers well that when
the rich agricultural section of Madison'
.counnty.-la., known as Patterson Ham-
mock, was first settled, portions of think
land; were so thickly studded 4i'th
.tangled undergrowtht that it was-with

t11 LIieatr;t i'. t il'.-. t"" e-I loc Ialit. es
oui Id e ictr.ited .A te' year-: liat-r
it had uostljy dciappeti.aLEd, especially iII
the northern section, along the Ocillu
sloughs, -under the operations of a large
flock of goats.
There are few plants in 'he forest they
will not feed upon, and during the win
ter, when there is little or no foliage.
they readily- turn .their attention to
"barking"-many'varieties of the smaller
plants, which, of course, never recover
h'om the injury. Goats are, therefore.
useful "shrubbers" of new ground and
Striving upon such forage,' may be
Turned to profit for their hides and flesh.
S-Citra New.Era.


Notes on its Climatic Adapta-
tions and Habits. "
The following is a portion of a letter
.from .Col. Richard Peters, embodying hi;
experience with the Angora goat in
SGeorgia up to the-year 1882. It appeat-
in John L. Hayes' valuable work on thle
Angora goat, from which we intend to
make further extri'.-t:i 'it a n-' her- time:
The .first ,ldeiti,.n. naturally
arising in.relation to the culture of the
- Angu.-I, gb..( in' this country, is as to,
their' :icl.p;-iiion tothe climate, s-:, ii.
means of sustenance of the ULitedI
SStates. The comparative dryness .gen.
erally of our climate, removes the mos t
) f. ,t ii'].dL'e,:,l.,.';tri.l>e t,:. i [,he 11 cl'lt.IIc t'. W hik h
has beenfoundinGt-,i-t ErBitan .n-] in tlie
continent of Europe. Except in those
Localities where excessive moituie pro-
vails, -there are' no climatic o-.t-tacles t.i
Sthe culture of Angoras in the-Unitedl
States. .
:But there are other considerations
which determine the choice of the be'-i
localities for this husbandry. Itmust be
borne in mind that goats can not/stanl
confinement .to grass pastures in-smallI
Senclosures a,. c'- I c-s slieel.. and-wheu
confined to stables in the same manner
as sheep, they waste hay by pulling it
down ; and, when fed grain, it is almost
impossible to. arrange tha t rac'li animal
gets its proper allowance. They are
therefore less adapted 1., the Ne% Eng-
land States or. the prairie l-iud east of
tli, Mis-:,is;ppi ; bit they aIre aidmira'i:.y
Iadapted t i very maDny portions of the
United Statles-such as the Blue Ridge
region, south of Maiylanit' extendin -
thriough Georgia nud Alabama to .Missis-
sippi ; also Texas, Ne.w Mexico. the
Noiihwestern States and Califirnia.
MY moi, rtement obtiervations have led
.me tol believe that tile area of profitable
culture for Angoia.s may be extended
iut.-) much more southerly latitudes than
I had formerly supposed. Indeed, all
modern observations teLd to show that
what were formerly supposed to be nat-
utai and insuperable climatic obstacles
to the culture of animals, as of sheep in
particu lar, may be overcome by judicious
huiisbandry. Upon the points'which fol
low I will confine myself toobsercations
from my individual experience.
Angoras, being not properly grazing
animals, like sheep, require for their
healthful sustenance bushes, briers and
weeds. In summer, fall and spring my
flocL-s are allowed an extensive range
through fields of grass and woodland
fenced in. Attheseseasons they are not
sheltered during rain, but return every
evening to their roosting" places. near
their winter sheds. The flock, starting
in the morning after sunrise, following
their leaders, ha-aing bells upohi their.
necks, goes forth to its range, each goat
taking a bite of grass or of weeds as the
flock scatteis through the woods, pio-
ceeding gradually from their home until
they fil themselves. After this they lie
down and ruminate, and sleep for several
hours. They then commence their home-
ward march, feeding a- they go along,
and arrivingat their evening quatiters at
about sunset, lie down in the open air,
remaining quiet until after sunrise the
following morning.
In winter my Angoras are ordinarily
fed each on half a pint of Indian corn, or
its equivalent in oats. This winter,
during wet weather, I have fed them on
clover hay and about two quarts of co-t-
tou-seed. In good or dry weather th-ey
run for an hour on winter-growing grain,
oats, barley or rye sown in August. The
remainder of the day they run in the

woods, having access to oak leaves and
pine-tops, upon which they teed eagerly.
There are doubtless many places in
Texas and other Western States where
they would keep seal fat all the year,
running at large without grain or hay.
There are many localities where Angoras
can be kept at a cost not exceeding
twenty cents per head per year, where
sheep would not thrive for want of suffi-
cient grass pasture.

Be careful with your horses; never
abuse nort- overwork them. Provide clean
food, pure water and dry bedding; change
often. Feed liberally when at work;
lightly when at rest. Keep their reet
shapely, their bodies clean, and have
blankets for cold weather. To keep a
well horse in good order, give him daily
The Treasury Department has decided
that animals of high grade and va'ue,
imported from distant countries for
breeding purposes, are entitled to free
entry, notwithstanding the fact that
they may be for sale.
Nitrate of soda, which is so frequently
recommended as one of the best nitro-
genous fertilizers that. can be used. is
simply crude Chili saltpetre. which may
be purchased for about four cents per
pound. For fertilizing purposes, the
crude article is equally as good as the re-
fined. Its composition is nitric acid and
soda, both of which are used as food by
Every cord of wood used and convert-
ed into ashjeasis so much fertilizer .that
'ma-' be used 6n the land. Not only do
ashescd'tainpotash, but also phosphoric
acid .aud If ashes be used freely
it only- requires sonie kind of nitrogen-
bos fertilizer to be added to'the soil to
enable the farmer to grow large crop.

Poultry Notes.
H-aIve iron ilinkiiiLi, vI-:eis or lit iri.;on
in thl:- d.rin'king vl. -iter.
H'-ns in coo-ups % ith their chicks in the
g.'rd,-'u 'itcih ,ilc-e v-,il ms an l Jtg-s.
Sih-n tl,'e droppitir ;.i':.- yelohw, put
soda iu thie ,ii iuLt in vatr.
To break heui tfrora sitting, conrtine
then vi ithi a \ igrucis voyfup- rotert.
Egcas should uvr.r lie -r,'acedi neai iaid.
fruit. ch.-ee. i4li Of1 ethelj- ai'tici-i, Ifr-ru
which any odI.. ari. Es-. TTheegs at- ex-
trfnemeily acti-e in al.-orbing puTer, and
in a very short time they aie CcLjtaini-
nated by the particle-i .f object. inu
their ueizi.hbrhlioud, 1i). % which the ipecu-
liai aud e.xcjuiklte ta-t'e of a'e^ i- lid *gI
is desir,oyed.

ali ti.!'- Izerct- Oii t mad i aga in.-:r it y
iznc:..,ni fr',it towers as t.:. ie'tr.:,s rn "
fiulit ither I efic :' or afte- it is ripe. TIIe
tia-ct that L.tes wil in c,-uutIle. uuml:i-rs
lwarm about the winer vr clien ari 's
aie iieiijh- crtmricd b-lV-y mci 1inei-3yri-.tlc-r-
ili-e it [lie opr fcweit >-'f i-inr itril;it-a'. or the- *- iderm nill wi ii>: 5 l.,eI-in'!-
ii; I ;i, iA l-. 'i t vt li '- ieltc iit- to l i iil
ci u-s Iii'c is cogimug (in:. (,-, Iv nri ce',v, tlanr i

privvidence, llhe bee- Jastens to gather
iih juices thus exposed that nothing
may i, lot.
The experimentsabove have
been very continuouss and coraplete, and
fruit gro'v-rer ,should infoi:rn teisEelv-aes
oft% he facts on trhis subject by reading
the report as published in official docu-
mienrs.-Rural C'alifornian.

.........I... ....r" ... .. ..... rs-.1 y Mats
when fermeintationb l..egmst "ith t h.,
juices :.f fruit oIr sura, c-ure, tlhe bee will ,,S rawTberr Plants
tl;e up tHie sweet beLitole they aie WU 11J
turrned -.-,-ur I.,y the c,.iO Ot1 thie atmI:s-
pieie. Tih, grape. the apple, aud tie
'ugil :-ti ,eall matur'd in the. open air hi :FO :: SA_-r-iLj.
a d L i ighlt runk-bine. i L tie presence -of
unto'lcl u l3I ails of biees, without Leing T .:-.r. N-ii,. '1w nc., i.-:n' ttfiil* rar,,Iy
rmilei-ted until be juices were b v y scm .e in.-,' Fi.:r.ri, Pi. i.,'i. 3ti l ".it-dl-Y pacIebti
prol-'e- exposed to the air. and t ar-hen I -ilu,,cd r- it 2iu ,. "v 1A11
in obe.liencen to, a wise pi, imlon of P I B) 1, ,TnL.-lt:.rici, Fm


L ,. ^ Mrs. MLaRn A. McCLURE. Ciiluccuo, KEtns.,
LIYE1R flIlSASE I writes: I addj-ess-d ou in Noiennc ir, 1.-,
LIVERI SEAS ,n regard t, c.y heidtn, being affltitd with
An 1 l'nr diAseae,. heart trouble, andi femIale weak-
11 n ,-a I n I wA&6 advia'ld to ,iuse Dr. Piei-rc'.
H T IInUB i reIG aldeon Medy-aJ DiEt.overy, Favorite Prie-
nHEART nn nu "L. .iripton and PUt. I ursd OFa bottei-
of. the Pres-ripnon,' five of tae 'Di-ov-
arr,' and fo-uro'f the Pleasant Purative- Pec,-ts.' My h.ata ti be-
gan to improve under te us-a. of vyour medicine, and my sLreDnftu
came back. My diftliuities hLave a deappeaied. 1 can woi k hlnrd
all dny, or walk fourorifive aiks a day.and ELand it Rv>.U; and wuten
I began using the medjcioo I could scarcely wali across titr.e
most of the uine., and I dil not think I cuold ever fc-el w,>U again.
I have a little baby girl eight months old. Ajtuo:ugh she is attitle
delicate in sze aud apoearaioe. shee ic h-althvy. I ,ive your
dile all the- credit for curing me-, a I took no otler treatmenL alter
b.-gianniiu th-ir use. I am very g-ratc--ful for your kindns&a, and
think (od and thank you that I am as weU as I am after years
of suffering."
Mrs. 1. V. WrBBaR. of i' orh'shi, Cattaraugc, Co.,
IV. I.. wri es: I wish to say a few words in pra&iLs
LIVER of your 'Golden Medical Di;:.:vc-ry 'and 'Pleasant
l Pujrjaove Pellet.' For fie yemra previous to
DlSEASE taking them I was a .e-sat sufferer: I had a
Se%,,re pain in my right side continualj.v: n'ris
unab-le to do my own work. I am happy to say
I am now weU and strong, thanks to your medJcines."
Chronic Diarrhea Cured.-D. LAZ-aRr, EsEq6., 2;' lwc "??
Dflc-iiur S'rc., No:v Orlaii, LI.. writes: "I Iutd three ticr.-ttl-s of
the 'Oolden Medical Discovery,' and it has cured me of chrome
diarrhea. My bowels are now regular."

I 1 SIrs. PARmELt A BRUNrDenr, Of 16 Lodl'k Sir-c-III
ENERAL Luchort, NA. 1-. writes: I was troubled with
GE*N A I 'ns, n-ervous and ge-neraj debitty, wi, ntrequent
I llRITV crore tnr-oat. and m-- mouth Wais badly-cankered.
DBILITY. L 1 r iT, nir:-LEr-e arid I si.EL-fercl much frTom
dy1pepp.a. I anm piettd to say tharyouir 'Golden
Medical Discovery' and-.'Peuets' have cured-me oi.11 tnese
nliients aun I cannot say-enough in their praise. I must aio-
say a word in relferen,:ce to sour 'Fa'orite PresaLiptoon,i as, it
tias proven u.eijf a m,:-,t ex-ieLl:-nt m,-dicine for weak females.
It. has been used m my famay with excellent rraulta."
Dyspepsia.-J.uns L. COLBY, Eq., of Yiician, BHouston Co., .
Mince, writes: "'I wis troubled with iradigetion, ind would eat
bcartijyand grow poorratthesane tune. I experienced heartburn,
sour stomach, and many other disagireeable symptoms common-
t,. tuit dlspoider. I commenced taking your
IE, I 'Golden Mdiral DiEscoverr' and Pellets,' and
IINViGORATES |I am now entirely free ro-m the dyspf-epgia, and
Sa.n, min fa.t, helthier than I have been for
TNE YSTE I 'r ya.. I weiu one hundred and seventy--
IE "TEM one and one-dalf pounds, and have done as
much work the past summer as I have ever
done in the same> lcnrtb of nine in my life. I neier took a
medjcce that e-emi-.d to tone up the muscles and invigorate
te wh-Ole system equal to your "DIcovery' and "Pedets.'"
Dyspepsia.-TERrrsA A. CASS. of Sp'ing(cld, Mo., writes:
I was troubled one year with hver complaint, dyspepsia; and
sl-eplessneasA, but your 'Golden Medical Discovery' oured me."5
Chills and Fever.-Ree. HF. E. MosLEY, Montmormnci. S. C,
writ':.a: "Last August I thought I would die with chills and fever.
I took your' Discovery'and it stopped them in a very short time."

Thoroughly cleanse the blood, which is th.o fountain of health, hr using Dr. Pierce's Golden Mediccal Discovery, and good
dipc-etion, a rfair akin. buoyant pints. and bc-iyL h.ealtu and vigor wU be estabhsLied.
Golden Medical D;scovery cures all, fri:m the common pimple, blotch, or eruption, to the worsm Scrofula, or blood-
pos,:,o. Especially bas it proven its efficacy in curing Salt-rneum or Teltter, Fever-sores, Hip-jolIt Disease, Scrofulous Sores
and Swellings, Enarged Glands, and Eating Ul-.ers.

[N ST c Rev. F. As1aURY HowLL, Poa.-orof the Al. E.
INDIGESTION (iChrch, of Sct,'roA, l. J., says.: "I was af-
i i flicted w ith catarrh and indi'eunon. Boils and
.B.ilS, i blotches began to, on the surface of tht
OILS, n. m, and I expcrenccd a tited feeling and
BLOTlh ES. dullness. I began the use of Dr. Pierce's
BLI Io Golden Medical Discovery as directed by
him for Such complaints, and in one weeh.s
time I began to feel like a new man, and ami now sound and well.
Thc, PleIfasant Purgative Pe-llcts' are the Ins t remedy for bilious or
sick headache, or tightness about the ebLi:-st, and bad tastu in the
mouthi, trat I have ever used. M' nfe coumd not walk across the
floor when sh, bc-en to take your 'Goid&n IMedicaJ Discover'.'
Now she caun walk quite a little ways, and do some light work.'
H m-J01NT Mrs. InA M. STRoo.N of Afn,,:,r-h. Ind.. m-rites:
HP-JOINT My ilttie boy had ibeea tioubie-d with hip-joint
11 Ai'- -I sease tor two rears. When ae commenced the
DIEAS. Ue .of nour 'Golden Medical Discoverv' and
Pilots, he was confined to his bed, and could
noct be moved without suffcrn t great piEn. But
now, thanks to your 'Discovery.' he is able too e up alltthe time,

and can walk with the heap of crutches. He does not suffer any
pain, and can eat and sleep as well as any one. It has only been
about three months since he commenced using your medicine.
I cannot, find words with which to express my gratitude for the
benefit he bas received through you."
Skin Disease.-The"1Democratand News,"
STrnn I of Cambmidge, Maryland, says: "Mrs.-Ex.nA
A TERRIBLEDL I A-NN PooL., wife of Leonard Poole,.of Wit-
1 1.. hanisburg, Dorchcecr Co., Md., has-been cured
AFFLICTION I of a bad case of Eczema by easing Dr. Pierce's
... ." I Golden Medical Discovery. The disease ap-'
peared first in her feet, extended to the-knees,
covering the whole of the lower limbs from feet to knees, then
attacked the elbows and became so severe aa to proterrate her.
After being treated by several phvsloians for a year or two she
commenced the use of the medielne named above. 'She soon
began to mend and is now well and hearty.- Mrs. Poole. thinks
the medicine has saved her litre and prolonged her days."
Mr. T. A. A,-Bas, of Eat NewVa Market, Dorchueter Couiy, Md,
vouches for the above facts.

GOLDEnN Mo cuIA DIscoVmRY cures Consumption (which Is Scrofla of the Lungs), by Its wonderful blood-purlf-yingl, ingohra- _-
ting and nutritive proportics. For Weak Lungs, Spitting of Blood, Shortness of Breath, BronchltIs, Severe Cougns, Aesthma,
and kindred affections, It is a sovereign remedy. While It promptly oures the severest Coughs it strengthens the system -
and purfles the blood.
It rapidly builds up the system, and increases the flesh and wclght of those reduced below the usual standardle oi blth by .-
wasting diseases." -
Consunpliou.-Mrs.-EDWARD NEWTON. of Harrouwmith, cal Discovery' has cured my daughter of a very'bad.ulcr located -
Oct.. wrt-is: You will ever be praised by me for the remarka- ou thethigh. Aftertrying.almosteverythgWithoutsuccess, we .
ble cure in my case. I was so reduced that my friends had all procured three bottles or your 'Disoovery, which healed it up
given me up. and t had also been givon up by two doctors. I then perfectly." Mr. Downs continues: ',- ----
went, to the beet doctor mi thee parts. He told mo that medicine
was only a punlsnment in my caseand would not undertake to Consumption and Heart Di)sease.--'I also wish ;to- ',
treat me. He aad 'I might try Cod liver oil i' I thank you for the remarkable cure gyou have elected in mycase..
1n...i1. Liked. as that was the onTy thing that, could possi- For three ye s h"ad suffered "roli -that tel-r -
IDVYEN UP 1bl heave any curative power oveor consumption so WATE .T.. 1ble dslBease. consumption"iand 'heart disease.
.. far advanced. I tried the Cod liver oil as a last WA luSTED TO Before consulting you IT'bad -wasted away;to -
ITO DIE treatment, but I was so weak I could not keep it. AK -E TN' a skeleton: could not sleep nor.-rTeakt.and man -
1 on my stomach. My husband, not feeling sat-sfed A SKELETON: ,Itmes wihed to dieto be, out;:fnmy lmsery.n..
to give mn u yet, though he had bought for me then consulted you, And." ou told me you had -
everything he saw advertisedcfor my complaint, .rocurcd a quan- hopesof curing mebut-twould:tke tae. I -
tityofyour'Golden Medical Discovery.' I took only four bottles. took five months' treatment In all. the first two-nio.thas I wa-
and. to the surprise of everybody, am to-dav doinr my own work. almost discouraged' could not perceive an favorable IQ6nm% -. Q
and am entirely free from that terrible cough which harrased me u bu e thlrd month i beganto pick up leah and Teath. -
nightand day. I havebeenaticcted with rheumatism forannmber cntot, now rc't how, tep by sep, the signs an(_e._d'.eaite --
of years, and now-feel so much better that I believe, With acon- retuniuln health gradually but surely 'developed ..hmsltves. -"
tinuaion of your'Golden Medcal Discovery,' I will h- restored To-day ip the scales at one hunded .d sl, and a.well .
to perfect health. t would sas to those who' 'ar felling a prey to and strong.' re.n."i-'-ng-.-.:,. .f ,
that terrible disease consumpion., do not do as I did, take every- as the goldenen Medial io Mr' Don'- t-e: -
thing else first; but take the 'Golden Medical Discovery' In the as the Goden Mecal Discovery." -
early stages of tho disease, and thereby save a great deal of suf- J.- r cg & ,"- s". .. -.dllwet, "" c .Th" -"--
fering and. be restored to health at onoe. Any person who Is BLEE D ING iwr ifes:"M.tlfeAh'Md r uD h, dli f
still in doubt, need hut write me, enclosing a stamped, self- the lungsEbefoYe s. e .comm-enel .Oua 'o.a "
addressed envelooe for reply, when the foregoing statement will. FRM 'Golden.JMedicZl. D sgOver. Che -n_
ea fully saubstantiated by me. LN GrSU.i hhd any sln'e ts ube. .jqr sl, ono.L'p
fleer Cnred.-IsAAO E.- DowNS. Esq.. of Sprfng fallei," a she has been 'feein'so i.well't.a'te an as
Roctlmand Co., N. r1". I P. O. Box 28), writes: "The 'Golden Medi- discoititnuiied It." .. --: f l"""-
Golden Medical Discovery Is Sold by Druggists. Price.-$'J)0 per Bottle, or Six.B7t0es.Rfor .$ O '- ..
.... ... --"".... O. 0 jis 'Maitl Street"," f F .tO, Sf. ,-,'." .- .
S"- c--i" c't - = -

.. .. .- :* .- ; -tQ
** -. o ., -* s y ,_ .... .. .* *
._ .. ... _.:* _- .-: ..* :. ^ .. . ...-- ** .: _.-. : :' w i ^^
--- .'- ':* --" -; :- -,"=-+ : : .. : -.,. -: +.,.-'*~ s-:; .F-*.-*.*.: i;,. _:4.v

-a- -- --c--
2~,* '-'---4- S ~- -- ~~~~2 -

il The aloe of ti.e hen mcilure fioun a
.Ob ,d t P-,,- '!j jSi -igle lird for one %.,ir has been eut,-
.. loated at fitten ceut,,. This is-. we think,.
Packing ggsO-. -Simn.- ~ve3 low, and yet.- eren at this rate, tile
Packing Egg's for Shipment. tctal v-lue of te naauite tr'oiml all tlhe
S.v Rli:- Rr>N. ipoullir v iIi the couIILtry in lScc -ould be I
Si .R i. E" H.RI-R,-,N I IcIc Hccici-u. Tile ttrai value ofr i he fertil-
\. hVe i.-. it,, ic -led the- 4,.estio.t iz ,s nainufacturedl during tlhs-amue year
"W iy I.. Iit 11 t 0 .a- A e t- pack et -s nithi- was .$.,3 p,. 'fi,'t5
,ini wiafcp_,ers: Air Luihi au,.IesIn It ,-n ,'el t yltv thn:t r"asing poultr- fr
atii [ ie tilt -1`01'10k,-~*~
:ii>h e.E are ';x. incmel By eg pI.u ion ay the f er. s a
-1: .E. tla thIIn thIe fO11- tlal,ft the fal mer
-.,tuttiuK a pal-i tics size vYcu "-ill notice [tl 1-, te hitt tie f.:cv li tlhat the firmer
I leie is c.'nsiC Ji .li)l e in.urplus paper. e iL L i "iur' Lanyard. acl on cu hicn hie
'.rnp lhe g as tihtlv as p,,- e Aud ex[_rJs hut little. pny -est ,: f ,11 I-s
thvtg tl pi'il. vi' c-ti:.- iL, huli %hellnltatt-iri nis stec-clia-l
t .Tst the surplus p' paper to a point. In l -to k, t e ate t, i: :e ll
packiu a one -ettinjg box, we ii thil e ,lait t'' I, i0 p,' --,roleily feI-. :-us-ed and; I
hbox a.,-int ot e-half I 0 three.iitiarteis Iufill ] ite-i,-d, altel deJuctioin the co-t ,,t
t a bran ar til,e- NoI tl l,e uti e tiaw'.iurt. vIkt ,n cie. iterest ier cet.. fic,,i
bill omir 1 S- 0.,ilice in ,. h pllt-te .n-dusr is I L. :uiLj t tor W hi ch tllleir egCe-s ell. 5i in tI, ,l' c .e- our of teu. a h- iler
to.:, heatiui- al il Ip,.:k ,i te [it l ,,cl. W e lance cii i e t c-ai u -tcl of the. l,.iler
e 1-'er [ uc t a la ,e r ,i ,t ,i tln te -l [ hI.n tl,-n c ,. ,,e f l h y
eg;t. 'i.i ti c' .t'. i 'n a in. .c ti t t l l t u l Li cb *c .I th iny
-etih-d t(he e .s .et shiltei alte ,.,,t, ~t .' d 1 -in _le d -parrmernt ,o farm iniustiy.
inle tl e- IAe <.t eqi l i-h ri.n.'.i r1 ,ei tl-.,iyini rui r-t;S Peisiai irsJ,-t
-['lt3 t itud ,l'r.:fr n lic e s :c Ih I:,:the thes iu h:'"' len fi -ih ,Ld :,,; .lu.,tei on the
s ill nijt gc -i-tly i. skic I.eiatI h t lh e Ifeatlieis i elie':tUdI
Yotu '%ill le-diii -re- thie point is Laid Il.iSter po .-e ..l anud h.ti-in a lit-
eiV Li el'tIl in .Ubihiini thU e e, d. 11 O:, te llechl -ei ,: e i e %cil ith it anid applied
iut, th li brain, ind it .l-Io lends t' steiy i the ii e.t po'.T ler is also i ,,-d eim -
tlie egg Cind piece lit tts lt.itgin. p:,i- iby.- But tis i-: oit all-tuhe nests,
lIon. pil hes, aud vl'all. ol Ikl .le miud e
Stic ,uld ,O e-:. acciJeutly ,.i.wer in- ,:or- lh ,l.' Icl t-eateed with i ur aui!it.; lie,'u-
tact ''ilt ol ujlien, it 1'' I -t s i.itl.le t,n. ue then w ite r-.-:'li.'l. .Al least o"'ce
ti,'c- l;. .i a hti-i. t ICt st,:r-r ott,-nei i icle-w ti
.'lio.uld it I-..ieal; :.,,i leak, lthe ...tber h t i,, i t u i, Tici it .Su -lhici. pn)wdePred
e 'gs wdcci- ih nior ',-It Le,,ed. It is ai ,:, a 1ucd pi i-r,-r -rind ,:l ole. ,Kee !) pe fec-tc y
,I. i: l "i- Ierti.HirDl- liieJiIrtI. d''ry an.I e' .-V- f ,',C.V."
XVe I|a:'; in ,:,-es., 'iun out c .- t ,i,-.-er t ll .------
Ehic-Peh l-sr .'p i:i.lVe- nt .-i -il Bees Do Not Inju'e Fruit.
IcI:-O13 g6e.. Leave a -,-'1 ,-cUU Ih-,e-
twtsen eaCi !..'g t: p, uil vccir nei aun, Ti-- iel-.ort ,of thie- autl-r:rized agent ,to
si e m iit.ite lioc t. i ,.l 's of i.x If t ie uir-.j Stat'-- t....-iunin.:ut to in 'e -
packei as liere -IiLl-cr, d. Eoii w ll have tie l i.-i.itsof tie honey bee, fully
U)no tioul.,le f' Lm"b liii'-,' e .'-.s." iljdii.'Jtes-- Ilie little nectargatliei,2-t from
]-. 1 rk % a I-



Gone where the Woo-dbine Twinetb.
Rats ;ic c--sirt. ia. c O--i-aB d:N RATE-' beisa
t-ni_. c'l-el.i c-ut ta1 tic:s. I-Ronche;. Water
BtI:-', F'le,_- Bf r-i.s l,:,Ls. Alt.' _losqcr..:B,ic
,-ai.-n:~, InD-,n:'- Potat Buar, Spiric-ca,-
k'-,jn.S. 'i,-.a- l, ,,,C:,ti.:.{, tir.-maril;s. i-ic-s.
Hl K 11_:;, la,-1C Rabpl" S(Jl'jntl ]'>*. &" *2'.

R,:,i3) ON RRi-; is a .*;rn-im-te' .rcrr-ct-nie
'r.d ,:c-r.:i,rn r,:, E Fin Li,:.- tix a a "e s of
"'.Ru-oa ,t; ,IAT;i t,: a pail i _vhitJeras.b,
L-p t .c.11 zur.t u|, c-h,:-a &pplvrt" Wh;te.
ca :- ib r a- :,c,- irIvrr r f:I r c t i a I, rIarIle
anJ .Ou'r.-,,"c-f It,' nei[. ure i:irc l tadcal
t-For Potarto Bu& insects on
tnr.. sisn., rh;' Irc i, I pOundl
n: hL id' tie c- ) ,--.;u t czv i a f .i.0i
n-: .:.[ JO ,u -N Rf,'rc", c ir[-
M0K,.it ira I-i ',:- M t e tb,-rc.iiit'u
t rusiX -,'-ith ':a-i i- c,:, .:, bareJis
Si p!las :ter C-"ri ba t, ist eltel aiir
'i Al:k ,- nire lUucb depadils
kpa [L-i-i-t:L,bh ina^ixe. s, 6as
1t -:,:.ilc:,tsl. -,din'silc'ie crf?':'c.c -. Sprinkle
1it -:i f-.-ictt ti':-.'3 ,r Ehbrue "hen dan-p -.r
r,-t, al.-.J Lu qtlre T .'',?i s c-whu-a m Sd 'nrcth
liiic-. iluii-.l -:.n .iiiiu n ciciure Thd& in
zt ei:,rac-nrrir-j ttt- ;r -i s the m-,'it actire
aC,- 3t--'ijL,-:t t:-, all But--" P:- h,c-r': hct cwis.ed
as -. i".- i- :.,.u-r parv icr. thanri'c ;1 c. i: ai-
rcua-...r u:,:rpnc-,, _, ai. n- quar. .7r tiey- woulidJ
ta .L- lt'rC tce-ir-,j t..- u. 11 iiqui,3 (>.r-:,aI -bi'-
ir,,r.'ifi i :,t iB :- fib ll r rcncat i 'RcOraE':s B-aT '
P .,,i-cr, Tel cbaLer, ;ina I;': ;)I wattnr ad
i[,ir[, 'd rcij i .-r-rindi.U",-i t ,:,r ;rr-a. iiynne
r.i fhLlt bc-" m, "- ili I'- [,:-uoji V -t eff.ccr'le.
In-n i -- ti r.i -i i b-Ile usu ,g ,-,i' c-.v
-i: [ s'Ju'-r: ( r ,i c .:,r,-iECt r, tJrc ., .':1-ir A-4 I.
t. S. "-'ELLC ]Cbcr_,;[, J,r.y(rv, CirT. J



."-, I 7. I ,- 2 :. ",

Id tlU. The drying of fruits for market has r wilibegin exercisingher fasinationsupon -Bracknell was apparently pr,.ociuped. ach is inconceivably more delicate thai a
.... ..grown into an important industry in yon without loss of time." ni How do u mean" he lomotie's reo. Breakais gulped
... many sections of the country and conse- BOY mnrn PITpIA r T (UnT1 "Don't!" said Jim.- **.'". asked. iOhi, I see' Bt it w,,uld hie ljre dow with the mind in a furry and with ..:
A HOME- MADE FRUIT .DRYER ILLUS" quently there has been called into exist- .f1 1 .l But I went on an the same. "You. !ad to the .uriio-e ,:: pity Le-ih ior hiring ears listening for the locdmottve whistle .
TRAATED AND EXPLAINED. ence a large number of patent evapor- _~ i better call .upon her; I don't think -be cir'h a ..rni,iu..i.,ui'cl,od onle, w,,irJ.ln't it' do as much harm as good, particularly i "
__:_. Itos. The patent affairs are many of will fascinate you, my dear- Jim. Iit-r He ,l:,:,k.I,.1 .-; -uiUy:,i a i ir. I :i., May- the cramming be followed by a run t.:. the ,
i .. them quite perfect in their way, and at- hair has changed color; it istr _a lovely rnird, will y,,u do mh e a mill tiba-.-:.ry station. No wonder.our saubrbanites .-- ,.
Many- Pacts. That Farmers Ought to ford a great convenience and saving of BY W. E. NORRIS. bronze now buther complexion requires "tbilt ,.ieprinls o, vhr,.it it n'iy be," I we-re troubled with indigestion and dys- ; -
Snow--Iaxseed as a Food-Miedicine labor where large quantities of fruit are no aid l.h,u, .it She dreE-,- v.iiiist,rly; anirwe.eq peps.n. _
for rigs-CowMangers and Stals o to be handled. Many farmers, however, she is ',lht, ro private tis.u.ei_ ,bl "tOh, _t i:'t mui:h ort a one. xou Kn:ow ", however, tho. trains run almost-
Novel Construction. sumption, and can ill afford to purchase t w beCHAPTER vic. leonce i i tri.--,g ti, eason shecmakeis eher le t, hir,:,.r i.: Pis. -1- yi, e ttey ovicuit e .s fpe iesrntly as sirel t ctrrs, and ten Pea-
oq.0 *'r' f course, Ch.-r-ia.mpr.' give ai dall randnrecei-.n, hI y u:. WL, iut. _L ',,r-Be or_-r't pie exert tn.-m'elres to cat,:tcany certain
The cow manger represented in the first an evaporator for the purpose. This class The hero of this narrative is, n ous thitor]u,,. iuis t i.. Mildrc. '.t, p-i .i> _l. i_.t how ra.3 put iut, his .:ur- train The bes-c evidence of t is -is the
cutis the nventionof a. i-consin farmer of readers will be interested in the ac- Jim Leigh. It is true that Jim- is not lice to. i. h h .... i,- i-, 1. ril.:,is ppiper." fact har the old ct:,teres are broken up.
HM'nd was described recently in a paper comparing cut taken from The Florida and never has been a pcrlti.ilir- ,_,,.'. should wai di .. ....i;-i*in-. 'Ln I,--- i...i He drew a uw.o:arler rim hi pocket Fora,-riv i the smrin l. t,:- could be s-enoN
read before a Wisconsin farmers' insai- Agriculturist.. The .evaporator illustrated pe:r,,, -til, so far L v.i, r'r- h, as he does every no il i, n pint-t te ii- raLar n- rau eer day. 7ii, rt to
Ell. .- ,V-_.ol-b. -der sv;enos vryno. l:.,c,_, _,:, nr ,,z, t,, h t hi,,.-La r. ..L-,7la -r In- ectram i i ever d y. l e -,,d-1O t "

tute; it was originally illustrated in The .is described as follows by a correspondent ,ar.l 'fyieai.-r .,r.-Y concert1i, li.: aal-. woU'ti, ,,a,-n, to see iIuth L,-ri ,, .dw. a,:,ui.;em.ft"c know e-c-rytody else. at lear by sight.
Farmer. iersOuht wh ordahrastsuconessnlyieste ad sait: g iof .u' proudvposition,

Prairie rer whohassuccessfullytestedit-. thl,. ...,,-, n that proud position, r, ,. '-,-n two. Ti0 l.,I ir,: h. "A _'-TLit n,;,lle I ,rln [uit, quite u NIw the trob are filled aih itrngirser
As '-iii L t, ''en i.,y stadyvag the c t. th,? Tak:. n larict h.:.;'.::i~l ai,.l tut r' suiU fil ,i fl ii t. niiii: Iv tde c.r' .Li.:ii,' i n *l' it. i,:, i" ,,:., ,u .'-, ir, iv hi.i- l,:, i- :.t r,,,iLt.l toi 1tJb eehir_ 1 iiir.:-ihcer',:e as is e,:,uletimea "ti e h ieil fanni irs being on garner triiL s
i.lea is a -.mewh'at-- novel rn in c,- a- dor at t rle thr t.iesh -hi h t, ut Oat -r e ,.- h.,- i .. -.:---a- I:, i .hb ,: Lirlelie \\'-lnir, i i,,t-hi r L 3a i:itii chir ar'.l p.:.'l'- upl,--l_ N..t ais- l with knn,-wmn ,,r ti t-l i v, by later ote'. Breakiists
strti' f nz .Lie nanrfcpr make a floor ten jtuel in th,. ite[:,.e. .I].A,:, .ciii fa rtil,.' hcole ot` f ,',-,r,-il iblM hiri n.- h tbi;- r,...:,:,,i ,.t ,.. ,, th..t i_. -.-a.,l'i- lI_ ir presnmptive [,:, ai aist ire eat,:en muare ei. iireiV and i -inbetter
inches itove the di,.,,l i ii t r L, r n tml two in the head of the hii'gshc,- direi i.t acr,:,s hi-' Ci ,_- ,:,r "vhit .i a ln.t,,, ,i ,,,' i th,,;-t wai,,t t .r iiuit ier," ;-.1 e it:--t, ,,- i,-.- h,:ac. --nd ear.nh t, te- per, with ie -s li rs au,.i ruiu House-
anfd r isl foet :l. Make the ir ,nt dt trom the do,:,r fir t he tuocv p,.' ., .. up .r- ;te' i., ,'1,, "- hi, ip, h.i ,t, ,i' ,.i i. I-.- i ,'l,?L lr ,-i.tV: "I p :, .l Ihr.-r n_.i 1 'e, t, the pre.,-'u t ,eeper r,-hieved ,,i th ains.tu t ibUlm the
the uin er ai ut tie feet high wvnh .ne through, aLo a s-qu pure .-- ",r.t ,hit is l it tile _gt, ,- r-i r'r ,-''.t Ais,,'_ ,,,i, .-.--. ll t l i l-i, .I i, .. iT, ,relIi the. tre 'idt t-i, n i, .,t ai n
foot ii ,i :ht hoards placed t- eive ,:,r Ltu i- ,- .". t t ,lii rt.-',i _r,'. i,,., ,_l h ,,h i t ill y'I ) ,:, i ,:,l, .t ,,,-? I ._,e ,i An.,e o ,'t :,, ''' h,,id' -r tii ,,,!, i.' that, it" CA e ,: the tr- trii u areh b le .orn d ui ,, m aster niu cti t
teen .- i r.l ti ,,ap c* a rt' ] '.' iii..'t iu.t ..I liii''ll t 1-. .' Ut, i.-,th- l h.1 tit I ,'hi .ic a n ,,tt:- r or o fo ti t:, rhe i -inf a ,cr' ,nt apI. ei t C ieoe, c a t,.e a rl earn Vt, --ak m e te
u Theia.r reprui,. s nte ditwc, t a ,,he-r a n-t. ,, c ,I It I ,,.-y i:h,:WMd.,-,.,: u ,t te .,.,i ,,,' i ., lr,-, ,l,-L nt 'e,,reli.-,Be,,s tter aer.reu cf nation, better
c T ish eis f n t iosh oaul e t o n s i fa r e .o r ad s wil beiter-nt-halt thea- J iL e igh t'' c ii~ c is x e bt I Ji, _I u t I-W- i to t ,1i'-- .-_1 u : I ri rei lutrit w ilth-t I a I-111 is''-'').__It1 1 -A e ."'. t i : L' L ii~ r S a p tt s i e t r g o l w a -

te.t froan thewali at the bottom and three |Ih' ail on,:.-half let.t at the top. Maike the (Irlhd't' Tia ii i. i L" I l h, t,:r, n-1v L.,,ly Bru .kH.i il l,:tiel t :,i.i Id me ,I tfaO't "-ra AtI Bath.lco rp tts read grn_ of c i e h ay 'hayfr aLl concerned.
aldjustbeos iattc ide rac io it, win- be a pap. h c',,it-i t trel'e ,:,n il. ianv h, I ,,ipii Ui i-er t, ,rtarn,:- th.e plays- tliit .Ir't ot tbil', yV,, kniw "' ni Bra'k- rnl,- i. time t:,r fruit, ur conrersattan,
be fore..sWisconsin farmersnlsiitiit. 'lc .:.]iii l; ,'s t h ni.;\z- Il,'' a rhrii uitc- t' .Li liiti ,i n e n,, -ii.iit 1- L .-iiterntiui i. IUs -ne dL -,:.riai-'fr tie clii idre a Lit he mi-e leadi Cor ap-
--t-was .ori g "---l illus tr,,e,uld ii duLftl,: f hb,','e Ir,te'tn,' a .i 'Lhn..,, t.';-.r;^ .'0 .t- w ,- ,-,:, "Ie rru cu -eI. t

._..-.--- -,... -'- J fl'f__W[ ,'i',l'.ilitt' L, t.o t ,-l ,-]e; b' lIiii I c-.-ill n cr, i r,,-,tiiii ,liin t i,.i aLi,i,:ii T LimiiL t.te t,, tl,-me. "[ -au ;sel l beli e,'e that V ,i- nt, p eiarat uence at t*De, and faer decency ndh L tbe t t a fen up-
wiho-has it-- successfulii 11 te .:t it .l .,ij f ts t tini:. te uhs 'ir '-'Ii- him Ira o readpoding iit ion it i t ,-.. i,:.e-aer than under the trin--icyhing
"n-e ^ T ^ ^ "tnfP^T "7I. w,,r',l,.t .hi-~ .iiu-t.:.>,;r 1ui ever ^ ^ 1^^ ^, aa-lre.,1;l,Lt h,'."d yt rr,.[,o-e t, h,,t't,-ln^s A.rLatis tesl but thyar prew i
IrairII llmiI NIt- 'lA hum. ,.,, ,ho t,, d t l, ii, X e ..,i t,, I:,, Ct'Ntid, yin knw, a-h ei i ar arangem enthatte r r ec -_.t."
.. II l-ll l-,'t_,,1ti',,t-,'. t:,rVIii :.t_,y -F" ,,i e-peri- an- -:,i I i think i. can quite htve "-h, th ts nothie.. Very likely he im, I i. meutaa ing maIny a bheou -ebold.T-
i. -etr it tn in wnt- t a f-he does see i the oi na Herald.
-ieie a',E,-, -4 -rL 4 t arr-, ,:,Jim t. ...,,, o rthee n h. an ir'ur e w sdoI-- that he w ,nnt und- rstand. W hat IB -
,d en I O is. Lica-,:.r,:|:.. tt gliiavvt-,t, nr l, d ton ,-11 .-I -v ctly r -I Ii .1 :f P -. t do, find out h -
I t iit,-_- I "i -,Iry ipt LIti, '- he -t l It- ThI t I er,1 tl likely eI .:itu..h t I was wi Ip:a-n _.:eptl~y o mgtb
"- 'll. tie'].,ie theai :,flo say that [ h-d t hiiserc'ed any goo' f i,,' w a;d. pliiual e tia,,r might be a
.',.Tt,:,rt..,tei',-, tc,,rf ,-' Jim Is ac,, of iteinhim e'llfnai:- imeu'dnnerifhraaItCosts to Mount and Baa -aw
1V'4/-l~t "k worst ,_,:,li-.-_-ii.,',ijrtc I ihave C.7cr lIuil tt ar-li. "I ir,,:'a exari ly what willthappen,'' an h ifel tna lt hi m t ,n:d fla eri -a what wllk s 6thllbate It-
ao a tleil ri t h. I ,ha littiultcll ree.ipe let t,?i s reiar.e. h. YoIu w-ill tie as r trea1t do. I iiit, he hoantE, hicde.' u trh-to entries ma e racing. has be.
and s Cr-,ui hLint v.iti t.:.l-,'0le r'id1narity; iut ti',-u,ls :i .IVerl;:, the eud of the week; V.Ieryu lielry lie has,' I aitnsered, oand styed a royal pastime, an a right costly
---ef-.'' f"rl il, rt etemt-n -c intere-t that they anri aU.f it-re a t'u:rtm it at oeer he wdll have Iant ih ,, littered hs, oanweintre-"uitng m e one it i at th:it. When, at the close of a
tI i-. j \ -e'.I-,iie.,i, ilih mi-t i-: wil bhaie been baoar,:-ilt-, t:nl fld monei ront you which ih-t. h dt i tt rmasion. But I am like sien-t-, the t .statement is made that a cer-
FiGt I- oa w MAG'ER. -I I .' o'. wtrnu t p,-,n tlhe 1.i1v of a psitai l card. ma ptl i ree te b iur te edtIr--I dend my quidi- pro quo, t stale h- captured 0,00 i
r1, : -.- Id i t',-s iA.dt is t"I-'11of-i ar ,tn-u f :LLthOfedtoh-I-I denutitud my qui i Por')he QUO, ,, tam.stlk a atrd$COCOiI

little i r-" tI the manger when Let- o ;" on' -Lt iI f .ull,- hi:,t here, i:ut I h.itve i n if I i thi for ou, you Itiu have to tke and parei, tto a prevail that
litthe bot1hhertir.n i lthe maugrdbe setin Iet'on --. ., ,, c ust,-:,e-,l t,,- t nai -i,:i,'t nund Yett-r- bhear al,, -Jm' o c"ght o hr do i.eIthi ,c r tuei" cf all the methods r f gaining mtcap ,ney that
aT the bottom and remaintlose at the top, e dy ,we IfI. vury, ky t,i i tw' firw l ne tthrased Bracknel -Lx vears aco. You -d-W t e p ls ,e. h inli,, but it a othe t delightful and exciting-
..!, -. I :" C C. I I -he p -eature- InZl.feI bu I i1111utIbe te o.tdei htu and excitingg'i olowa -a

so it can play, bIt and lfrth. A tothed L ter, 1,It -ir aenr2e so- tr has Uteen tld'. hve thuashed him w-ithiut anyin m- tat I can do for any nn, x- 0 ,its cc-. But s the French a riom
board is hn-l .,'d L o the at dde o this ad -e t h Lr,rli" lip, p the mark." Ar, e aIl ',i, i .ti,. That ,- c-arT',ly th-. kind iten cuiiilratoiry to ou annd salutary to ca- d. httleoreforJmLeih, anJ i many cae aith somber col.
justabie iark at the t':p, so as to catch h -lbe HOME MA.DE EI. PoRoAI'l ]V-;IcaF11( ,little more-Cttn JmILeigh, -a-Y in nianyocases a ith somber calcite
.the tip oa the mauler and hold it lack a e f thn th:-,ia on t w.-trt- to ferr a a i t. But ,,tead otl dthat th tyiinit etsumthrc erig that, you ^ ^i e t ut r rred
when pressed agai-t the h ay.X ait- above, sixteen or eighteen iehe square, mr:i, i. .: _1.e.t- q h.tted n hi-i nat, htl in a thoIe t, expend y wryour s-rth1 wly upanh treated rather badly. First ot at t.y ortiny iha a it estatar bl-hmeat p
tag board placed liehini the hottam of oven whh th t ,et the oven. Ntw put yotur 't.itt .-t tltt-r d'en...-h:irntmeiit anrd taean- unoffendJieit ,b,ns and tigers, and the co- can hathIs ta tto bir tt a. t,,hirorrhlyr-d8. Neither in Eta-ape non in
gthe rk, which causes a chaffy nuateria hsead p with a small store In it, as thi'ioy, and wth i, e e,-i ,,f -isx years _ewuencs thatt you haven't a .park ot it. you t thstlleonl that tihtry canu s case be mentioned
Sthe fodde'r to slide tint in the Cod box, cl',:e t,. thl house as is safe i ra if fire ought .-ur-y to be untth better or much let tr borue consumption. ou are dy- a pioh, Ir eug tis pardon, if it t-l make where racing ht a welded handsome re-
whete it is eaten, and not sc-.stter-d nuder and to cave as snuch walking as possible, worse than wrluen he started, iag to sbikc. -hands with your euemy now hin any happier," answered Bracknel., t.urnsn when established on a grand scale
the in l's feet. Grain ca be fd on Carry your tovepipe up through th Jm i,-r alluded to his mifortunes, -you know yu ae auhin. ard wen entes are made in he pinci-
the maaerflt_, in front of the adjutable r,:.und ho-s and about a fot:,t biaher than nor rainl? auy in.cumry to the- atate of "I don't kuow that I am particularly ry Seraugnily, you must promise that you panl stakes and parses tahrutghoar the
rack. Iun tfibng the rack with hay the the box -,-.rven to be put on the topof the those who Lad caused them. I gcn:-r- anxious t. sbake hauds with hint," said will neither ask-him to play cards w-ith country. This is the reason why the
notched iaard is lifted up, aliaw-.'n the hogchead.i For the oven take a dry goods c,iu'iy -.m-e him a tew items ,..t iucelei- JiLL con-'deriugly, "I would rather not yiiu nror borrow money of him." owners of such establishments are toftea
S adjustable ric t, fal f,--riard. I"hen or tree bo,,-, aid knock iciuone side, nad on a.rce withbul hriri been asked; hut he thinit o lua as a traitor, thliat's all. You DBrarkel opened his eyes. "Do -you obliged to back their horses in the h-ok.
filled this partition is prnessed_ tuk firmly sre cle:its f--rn the fuaitdrawerasand make gain. tthe hay. ado..r fi:.rti.e front t: fCsten with a button ik- ntii-or he ignored my repr-esenta- 5-ays he s., .Lry,', not veiy tar removed arm beig an im- end ot theseason.
-..c..- on 'trap. 'The dr.u-. c hould I.e lizht ti:-a' tlhit owciers of lanled property I wa.s leainni, to point out that ex- pLrtirent .....eet"'n L,;.rd F0ilmuath, who is now the largest
~"- -frames with slat -or galvamzedl wire bot- ,,u_:-_t ...:t t.- be alerte-is C'. i itlednite pre.ssiits ot sorrow must. be taken tor I r-pbi't I miaht haTe il much wir-ner on tre Etan lish tur, has .oftenre-
*~=\-| I i1 tomcsi- that the air trill hav-ie Cre': circ-ula- peri.:.d ('ace ',r twit:> hi: spi;" -.i~aely nhliit they, are si.-orth, and that, althctugh repher riam ~thin of t hie requd muich wine arne thaue Eneepish tart e thas~' n re-
1, \. tit-n. Mike a few holes in the top tcf con.iig, bhit -.(uintLtin; alw-ays It. nitay be rightt to pardon a man who ilas ad addrethiednt;-me. Au yhow, I must have dozen horses in tanig smply- meant
-d fa (. -.--_. of theC t .h-x tl- tive ventvatina and and ftr tto o,-ur'ei; to make hini p-ttpou hius re- chaiiief-udly dri:eeived you, it is extremely nu prohd ise, or I should no, go tomthevoffice mdney thrown away, and large sm table n
he the h.:,t.iir. Set t oven ,cr" tht hoie in tu'n, uitd, as I have said, he had teeen foolish to put ftith in him again, when I his omise, orf The pscouaioiy Gaete. hoc this country invariably, meta n ith the same
i=Ll the headoftthe hogshead and nail it down, wanded'irni ani:,it the, world for no le-s was. mateuiripted by the enturauce of a sea- So ih Piccailld Gathrbm and gave the re- couptrience. s
'it 1, __ went hisbway,-leaving Owingu tithed ke engh competition tot
_-__ __ ._ *te"--r and :nr'p- hnri.crafo lf copletd tn--Ulr than six oinseittsve years cud !icit,,Ur, uit who sbotwid t ris prove to qiaed pieed ge, and went hif way, lea' .g Owir, t,:, the keen competition for
-I A ," M vrybttlpoutly N o, ,t carue to p.s that one h ,ot after- I .e hut. E.iiI. I tuelu hmsu eLf e shave"! as t. t ;,r:i re d in m igh d eee, the -
-f j. J ,_.- W_.h h,-. -,r'.iC;'mll r hore m le c.,n- 1017 ,,:, in t lh,:, h. : ,-I t',,. L,:,l, ,-.u0 ,:,;- ,n It waau i t, an l juc er,,e thie t brought m e It, n a.U; Ihtes snee, it,:,J odutd tr t .
..:q It- ..h- Lkntew, 1.ruhl rry to c,',".t i--C ad:,n Wtin-" an estaLhshrHent isla

/i '.-4"-.- -- = triraivance mna be saved muchh cif thu frruii hba reii ned- to niy ctamb'r5 ptiysricatly himn to nry ch.umbehrs o' that aiterra,'mn of make him faiU in lot'e with her acai ;-Int .v;-ry innp,:.rtaat -item in the required ex-
:-'' ** XyS-^^ ^^^ "^'"'". hat annually g:es 'to n-aste on ever-y and mentally exhatusted, after aui intel- nil otherr; tar he In'] never ca far honored in-as nat muu.:h afraid of her succeeding. penduture, tanaing on an average. Cram
S"a rm. I it may be dried apples, ,eahes lettuna luche.on party, and was saying to me before; hut he had edently nnot come ('lever as she was, she was not quite 1,51O: to 2)0 a heet as yeaiings. Nest
:/" "1, .. ....- 'I thatfa[nu'llygie-to ase o eeyanILmutliye phaut, ,'ftr i Thl- alothser_ o enwl h~l Ad evr o arh,,nr. Iwa.tAuh faido e scedn, ,rr_,ue ming ro

.iatini,,,, -- ,(- ad all the small fruits.- mysclfC-with very p-eat.niuth and jin-shce with any idea of meetVin0 Jim, whom be clever enoug-h to uderatand that the come the training eLxpenses; about I5S.a
-'t"-- -that oa .ll fi,:rms. of social cruelty glanced ait with an impatient town and sre.t way cof dMgusting Jim woaulr be to week, jockey's lfes from T,01iO to .$15,-
--I--- ln'-.heon p.irtis are the most. wantonly did e6 t recoag1ze. Jim was certainly al- ishow lim tbat she was no more true to Oil a year; then the entries nto various-
-.. -.-. f low to Mlake Prize Butter. mrillJnaut, when a loud rat-rat, as tom a tered, but Bi-'akael. was perhaps even the husband whom she had_.chosen than stakes at all the racing centers, and last-
FiG. 2-cow MANGE.. L. P. Badey, B-rnesvlle, 0., tells i heavv sttia, made me slan,.e at the door, m'-i-' so. He had lost his good looks to a she badi been m days gone by to himself. ly, the travehng expenses, which are very-
The new style manger Illustrated in the RBaal Ncn' Yaorker how he made the .thr,,h wbhih, alter an in'trlnt of delay, great extent eDd carried more ,uperflu- heavy especially for stables that are win-
eond utis describe in Prairie Farmer butter that gained a prize at the dairy there strode into my presence a tall, ous flesh than he was entitled to at his li,', a c,, t u tored on this coast. -
as folws: The maner should slpe wel show. He sas: r,.d shoiddered, broazed individual, who age. His cotstitution was a fne one, i It isthmus sae to say that such racing
bck a ula afeed at t My cattle are aU Jerseys. I fed corn had Jun Leb's eyesand noe, surmount- but I believe he mixed his liquors in an HEALTH AND TIME TABLES, establshmerts as those ,f Haggior the
imel ad cuvtrayan %ae"temthe'-, --- -a O 1 -rb inI- _I________ ttre y ~u it- ~n esiutaiihshnt ient. Vaas thoe cltoagsi-of the

batm. T h-door should sloe one inch a and clover ha, and ave them the n .ik mutache and heard entahIely appalg manner, and one can't, sit up a ll Dwyer Brothers cost annually from $70,-
int sixeet, and 1shoild be divided inta rcunofshort, young blue grass posture brom inknoi- to me. The nose, hower e, was tight aiiud every mfght, playing cards, Why Chicago Suburbanites Hare the Dye- i)00 to $100,000, counting merely the in-
ls tfhreet feet wide on wilder Car larn 1g a. m. to 4 p.m. I usedl theCai:,ley sui- e,,nt'h to swear by: and I don't know without exhibiting traces of Catigue. pepsla-Clihuge nor the Better. t.erest on the money expended in the par-
FMsG e-Cow ier merged process; cream was all raised and when- in the course of my life I have been Jim stared at him in a sort of conster-
Then...vel feature ith' the pcle taken off in tweve hours and then stood more delighted to lueholid a familiar and nation; no doubt the change in his for. Nearly everybody asks any physician chase of stock. ~st t .r-
a part f the stall. It -uzht to be hours more to ripen, at the enl of prominent featu re. I welcomed him with mer friend was more apparent to him than whom he may know and causually meet There is also a cotant danger -ftm
/,heP01 noveidifI c.fl!,-oryo,-our.-llhaeno tt.Is5 ndpasesttee-lapreviletai-n

lcedutfrback which-time it vas -htly It was a warmth whih I hope a as agreeable it was to me. As he did not see fit tode- there is much skness in his neighbor- epidei diseases in a lage _estab l sh-
ow's hin ee are behind itwhile sheI is ched at a temperature of sixty-two de- to Jun as it 7s. siac-e-e on my part, and dare himself, the duty of making him hood. Ths is quite ratal, because that ment, as one horse suffer -omild o
It otetin Tisasesl t s es in a barrel chn. N loring was he smd1 a r his face qute like the kt o delved upon me, and I watched a subject upn whcha physician should -influenza ill often giave the coUuplinthet -to
t oeatin.Ti a.evl ,altsud. T buttr k ws nrl-.-tn off and Ji obol; -h that I freely forgave him w-ith some interest the demeanor of the be we informed, and one in whihe all his table companion, an t in ithe-
to Call iurid the poI. When -h wi-s.hes the butter wach.d in the grautdanr torm h. ise two meu who were thui unerspectedly certaily has an interest. In response to. midst f a campaign mean alfio nstn irn-
orwa ln n front he, sp L the water ran oit cl The buttr "And nw that you havc cone b:ck at- brought face to.-face once more. Jim gt an inquiry of this sort the other day,-a reparable loss The, fom some. -.
where-the down ev loer becomes hileadwit parthe the poundinthe nrautd flearm. The b -tt
wfr m 'he nere btot es -itaef with he wac shled Int the nat ,f tk-e t oaBd to r -Lst, you man ti o h t An rt home, like a re- up slowly, lo,:iktng vevy grave, and sad, ector who:lies aI practice nn neofIors ae, a n oBt hre n ca xibou m
-aur Th -k"^ue.vdb the P,:,1nd in the &,Tahitia form in the spcthi Euh-:in-cvatitry, _-eitl,:man, I "How do you do, BrackreU But. Brack- the pr,1etty 1", 1 suura towns toi the plios orm, and pohroper candbetiougSat
nure.Thesticktor pole tsuld -- thu.n t -ten.tae;,t andtotu^er hntod nner ,m e.l -a old Francisca o Chronicle. tot p- .2 dta
.t ntve. hams in stoe jars and was then frttdle L--n .at .,ihr are d a ciar Itchot Cein y the han. as fol ow- ,.
put an b Skaa--r hautter w .,rko, and antin,:,et(i,it, ,:i._ t, -,Tirk. -a "Jim Letih, as it m a lift stnner!"'"The general health ot. ourway was
Mol(rning In Mlesio it',y. nwtrked ju-t. eao:u::h tLu caiisic the granules "\V]--hI sui:,m~.. ..-i'i.-"te anwi-wr,:-l, he ex,:-untti. "Dea-" oldl Jim, W-here never so g,:ood as now, particularly among wolf Dogs in M~ontana.
t.L e-nil; mdruing start brings us first to adhere nell together. Then it wasq with a sn'i t.r.l.:.-,;,.':itt--a...,i. 'i-a 3c'ionrcou earth hare you uerwrantchcslinow your- the men.. There is less dyspepsia andt in- The variou-s range
to the 0,tywer market. Whotle_ families packed in as.h tubs holding_: thirty pounds 'citlf f-r the last hundred years' Didn't .digetian, an'] fewer cit the many troubles cent;y imported from iColoradd' a..Jot&o
seated about are busily engaged in a- each. Ashton salt wai used. the truth, I'm utterly ik anl ti red u n n the wake of indigestion. A lc o und whichwere recoa ended as
ranging flowers of rare beauty and ftra- forei-u lauds, au I should li nothing l i c a r o r reason oir this i easily found. It is in exceuent wolf exterminators nd they
grace. The dwer g-rls, with their oive The Number of Sheep In the Worldu better thin' t settle down at Elnuu g caiwm' ghisisasifo it isin, ex ellnt et el nasostre t r et-
compiexi;:,ns ind brliant eves of j.-t, their The number of sheep in the world is' fr tbr- re-t traf my days." I wtech I hai been going nitht y.a Let tha ubhanue of raining .arirangement of n re more than pleasedwitb tbair -Ivest-
white teeth, beautiful hair in long ibrail etimati a f w according t, late,,tuil prevent you Crom doing me knit-, whei ya start :,in, and uburtha trains'ch ent into effect on me. The dogsget away -withmore
late-as ytu I,-" Yu c i Ia a an chat v-, I'l see if I i:.r,'t get ,'atat chic tr s ten the Illinoi, Central abouttree mnths -olves than the same nm pber of men
careleasly swuhg c-Ter well rounded shc.l- statistics: h ni'- t- c-t t ti n rU '. a .s By del ratateiefit woull ago. This sounds strange to oyin,, no armed nith Winchesters could-- Wolves
dter, with skirfl gathered short to the r mcb na .....a saidW Iot Iver bhe rroue tent drove b"ti. d.J.^l as a IL(- faote "kbt, but it ,i quite ranonal Under the have been very numerousg-in all thisah-
uncorseted watst, nimbly ply t.heardelicate S.":,urh ^"*r" 1,,,i ,tX yoU awa wt"" said I, tor I thnut~h, we. tre,
S fingers so rapidly that they weave bou- Aust-e taoa,inludan: Newt Zeato p(.f.. htl, ,"ad Letter c-m e to the p I -in e It was c- evsi t that he hah completely d train arrangement thern e o lwas a time- lionf of someetinie and hae lra sseny d the
quets as it were by magic. the roses, the .take........ ... aric................................."t.titehve I bare rot over it, I il,:,ti't a-notti the trifln" circunitance of li table which every 'one consulted ifit a profits of stork men-rtienaricly by-killing
a, i. we-e by magic, Jim oe a '.v view to selneauig the train he wished to| sheep and calves ,.Wheir .the hounds at-
S. lles and thle ,;;t dropping into .sa..............................X.:io,, know ior certainn1 he ans-wered slowly, thaL-am race nterdi al lautrghter, take for the city. N-early'eve nese- rved they s ere keWtiin -conftnemen for
their places and forming garlands- and United Stat.. ......................... 4P,:., "Let us tal- ,ut something eLse. Tell t hat li sa b teal mi oh lete'da certain re.m e as fhe one-by'n which' awhieand the-b.hey weri turned-txse.
wreaths of endless variety. Then to the. Ciada .........................a. 3/,b et,:,tehanh,,ua tyid traoo me cne my o-eeacritainbatet tooyrswhefc'" '-: .l et s, .hel n I nbnte', sa nothing to he indeed reguia enth whois now ptuos.t m
market square, near the palace, where a Al ,t.theracontriei............... lliro Sit I told hint all' about. mv -elf, and his Lon,l, f.nti dare 'iN a ishi h uehioeaded regularly to etravelcodimade' Six. ofthem we, n with ne- par t wof n
peI.i... ine r wicI,-.spA~ ueyh is cau holusehofldharnengmeoniacconi- -bigly.out ontihjrangtele, d.i~ngoLep- tbanatw

jabbering throng of lazy men and loosely Total -u 51 ,,i obsr'ations upon my tierary achieve- laugh at i such'tcallosne-ss ,arI ,our the adoes t
-dressdt. *,.men. with.robust va-ices, i ot m mtc-ncts were flattering and irlscriminatiug. don't tink I a likly to saing Thus 'catchlg thetra' became anevery, houes tbey had twelve t w-ly es at- bay.
d re s1' "4me th rob-t vtw Lm -. .. .. .. ... .. v,'cn wf h e n I "e T h ein P s, u g le W i h.a n. I : th e T h el tst e na l c m e i d -

"ploreyou to,. purchase-.almostt every article The averageyield of wool .in the I united though I think he was a little ht nervous an m lore..xed i on d "s o h, k y I av scie w s hinkyteat an.lar train, scribed by, e vewintalsses c umost sintert-
,of bb"sehold- nceesity, -including fruits States is placed at about sLx pounds pel r .let I should sk him whether be had read nwhie,' h e awere cd.Y oiqv dd totjsee twoiL .t, a .. ai. cib Y.y.. e....w e ms. .n e,
.... ". '_ead"_ "'" ..- '. ', i t Id way r o tin thu s prove too t S o lie hi ui -L~ da c a -m n ,he. r -, n,- ,I. ,-. -- .

S and vegetibles. bead. __ my .orks. Then ho went on to speak of -ta.ed awayuris.. n. ". E..nga n-t -l asoit ureasowaaboy btd qidte ldi- s The dogs wplpear, to ork.ton a. .. er-
ZWater carers, .wit.h their earthen jars is friends of ft..,rmery .aites i. Have vou-" id Brak -ell het at- ve'rsaUy, they permatlyd the cetain train .st'- diTg, ad tper mowemekn a ud - .
slung.over.thei heads, are passing to and F'aeed I.or p. P .. -.- ,- .Poortold Lord .Stames is still- alive, I '-e you-"saaidByabkeg it, whoa bt-ersllt-,toeo grewrupn, them- that' they: .n,.tedgeace ahuema.o.enig, twou
f-o, .delverin the mornin supply ocf wa- Professor h tewart advocates flasseed as, hear," he remarked. fe 'tio n t--asold binng to aDens 'o ,, gw- u oe ,' themrs israbl- eji-c.t-. Hunting ,a-in,,copt. b teyng va, .
ter fro-lict'eo house The litlte burro, a fiod medicine Corpigs Its oItsa isoothsa ..t He is still alive," I replied, "andd. not' ."ell, I don't kow; England'y _ady cthe.ei a p br'o- th Mi.s'4lterab d f riably. bring town ,Ihcrp.,gate.. One.oi-
that tiny quadruped so necessary to me- lg to the stomach and intestines and it is likely to die, so-tCar as I know; but y -t ro^tyto li v s n hs a ,a .by ; .;ifan-.r.te railfit '..wiah- tit themawill =eizg awolhfrythe. nepk.and
--=-== .. -. -= :. bi, I riiiin d to r,,y c~flr-il- rjthodtiltheml Willar seize aersa MQ.tyatbeem o n and

'tans, hardly yet. awake, is pushed along also rich mt ood for muscle and bone. He wauld hardly recognize, him. On sunny t a year, clear.i You on't -and' thi favorite tot throw himvtwenty eet in the air before.
'by his- master. The- Uitle fellows, in tes t inCountryGentleman hoitwltouseit; morning 'one-meets him in a l.ath chatr m soi'kng,, Lynard.d athe.Thisl w--a e t-- tht resultr tha-hbit he knows what, afes hImn andiwhen he
grqps of a dozen or more, are loaded Boil tbe flax-seed in si times its bulc-.of in th tle p h.i with Laiy. l eldrd wa-lr a gikng I aid.I di-. -,,not; ...ha.a ded, laow.erig....ffer t-. rht + -pte iredS'dodfethea thera rabs himande .. -
of- ;mastr ad fhe stops short to nibble have an exc"lent fod 'or growig.a pig. seems to e-'qte happy whit he s aal no -busyn wt o tn pr a s t-
"Iat the.nearef -thing at hand, le it an old. Ths is t also go fnod ft-or the iod sow, lowed to av his little grandson with; Jim to- k this rather broad hhnt and put. dspostton to groWa Tornwa aone dog,.wh We t t th'et ,- :h .
seo -- Theoestion was once promoting her v-eld of milk. If used in Ihmn.- I torld you that he was reconcu".a on his hat-. Af.ten I had ascertaiced his wish to _et cc_-ain ronle__ro -^on they bae turned eabl teanwgot .away.-
asked, a a b- ro .- driver he a.hri this way, ne pound of boied faxseed s wtlthe Brac Indlps iyngagows adcess i.nd arranged a meetingw t tefavorite train. As e very sd.atl he y oun.edtain ota
', 'I '' f 'I-, -.-" O l t ,c 'n l t a tnI-, t o n t o a a'a n u e h s e A cTine n r o a4 1, 5 0 to. 0 a b e a,"s .- .

tihn-'the ansIer being, "He mightif he mIed -wit-h ten pounds-ofi- ban. Pigs -. Ji cidled. -And hbow do Lhy get Liaonctho Ic'llawing day,mheWturned to knows, a result ofe thas, sh rain-catch2ng Evtteryda nun6 i a enterazbgs'Nextand'H t-
tried,-1 a'et-hard,-b .hut he. wo~uld-have to give very soon get, a ltki;ng for the-taste of flax- i-n"' he ut',, asking the qnation go, but.. ..c starting outof a fit .. aa w...undue'e-b.ea.fa t lttlefun hedoramew O t.t-tl
up -- dtiftitro."- Mle. i Con. New .,, -wit ,onithn o-an e abstracti., "cUght him stidencly by the tabe. g the -re hnappened not attheburn enthlongrbemfore..' k x ,soared,'buthe. '
"o oIA-. forms'-'"Manypepieai'-ctotts to know" I elhcn'withrenewedcrndfalr'y" j:h ust"' o tightgJrlthecook wasa-ltrif, houds.arefedonco breada-.'b.. ,'I r $100 to$
.. __ answered. mT a _i'si if youumean,.how -- in gt ilen tae a.-.,.- "Gho" oty.-y
Y -or-k o .P Convention ofNurserymen. -I EGlmid tc' v tay in London'tnr a bitr" he ortbewi'-.e was. delayedby attend
__ --. h f toth 1. m tr-c la a-aa ona eid u eclel a ~ asee heow i tant S he6--bid moethrues g. .0. et r;aben .the enltrieso vritus

SOdd Forms of Care. At the late annual meeting of the Amen do-the-manage to pv their way;' They asked. Vtu must kiok usup in Wilton the wuans of thec.hldren, and themeal o. ewy rSfi'' 't-' ''"
,." At-a fami-as water care some odd forms ican Association of Nurserymen, Floen, tarests samidtogetCotoethenrrather ini^ffer.- place, old chap, You know my wife"E -hl'hus made a few minutes later than the Cot. New York. un. ... .- 55:..,' _. .
.of careG... w-buterlk.. a.d. and Seedmen,- in Chicago the name ot en-ay.-, O-th. other hmand, aheyhavepo -, "I bad the pleastue- ot being rather in- appoated hour, m nine cases out of ten l y-t 'c .a- "- ,,i'c &. -...
berry. -Whey-is prescrib fora affection the association was changed to Amer can ., society with a u-cecs which leaves timtelyaccuainted ;ith Lady..Bracknell 'thetrain-catcher attempted a make bnp .From.Gei.ian.comeatb:ri_ D^ t ....
of t ci~f;;butteinilk Ic? -certain ~. -ursl erYmren' -2ged6to n I-n -enavery itl to i ldtb carrtmeeydsamorehisneaas cir?,

e' est t *Nurserymen'sassociation. The nextmeet- oth wng", r terv ttle to f dlred some years a0," replid Jim, grsimly... thost time by swallowing hs breakfast ecidedd pr Ifer slve.tiatr yin -.
secondcu ' r In.Prai-reFm-._u- -'-'la^ 'tag Will be held at Detroit,.",Mich., e L^,d B .rackn.el h'as.c.Lmpbed to theavery- "Oh, yes of course. Wellhell be somuch theqoicker. If any mealshotd on.eth gIt.t .
'-...urit the blood -" Theb ttermilI and Jun eJ lR. .The follo.wmg otflcerswere top of the .tree, and sits there in a graceful very glar to see .ou again. Command be eaten leisurely It is the. b-eakfash .-n- --a. ., .-:
s tral'berria are frhoate r should sle w selected Presldet, C. L. -WalTurs, Des tlttitrdne o e ean iedat bv a multitude of dine with us some ev.enmg. Expect we're This Is the fuel npon-which t'he .huti. T i. eSaren- timrtigOO l.'aeL
,a s u aeDfemdr .e- f"-. --- Moines, Isa ,ice president, L. G. Bragg, a.Sirs. .'. sfa - o, t u pretty Ileely eugaLged just now, but, I'll machine is truAN throI ughL ilat-
T' -.. .. -.....- s... o--. -Kalamazoo;,- Mich.;-' secretary; D..'W. TI rer-men-ibe arid tkes'some pa, to t rop you a-ine. -... ,. hourot toll and actitj. Ifthe flremaan .id s. erit6.s..ns 't it hogse between ..a. .
beportst tra different states make it i Sott, P Galeana[lov ; jreaaurer, A. R. Wttit- t ig ,- it a c i vheryaccessible; too, in b'apalngTm hadrdeparted''could' ndt -of the locomotive fed his fare-ljosk'tk'dy 'fnmatteL ndoc bs allcalf.e
in sifea t, andshould be fair- i nt o- run,-Rh-------i-n-.-ti d *t psst betf ,erycd- t1l.ewaerenrothersc:stannualyfro -70---
staplastbat'therewilldeafairerapefyield ney,.FramnklinGrove, is. -"- bpite cibet ant.Iposit "tion '-and ea 'l etetark'inkt- of-t "e;v. -" --- "" ."i' iirfi.-u.ii-'.=,=7.
COWS whn i thecouse f m Lif I avebee Xrnstaed t hm i a Ert f custr- .n caseof tock I -- .t -

back -' art -f ,7 t.h "" "'"""" """- mo"e "a -" '"-' "'
,. .ta. ,_.h, .. .- m.- ..m.w.t- e.- w' m ka .lm.-.t

'- ,-.-_. .-_ : . I --.. .. ..- . .
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.. -. . .: % ._. : =-' '- -- -"- -.. -" "".. '-"-" "' -" '-." "i' r ' r
;+ :. 'r '.: .' i-i -' -: : .. U:. -. . -.-: _-. '- d ._, : : :;. : .- -- -,: -. .-"-. '-' -- -- .-- :' ,: : -" ..- ': : : : ?f ?
ii.-4 1 -
a-- .'- S- ,. = .- . ~ -- r :. -- l -. .. .- i, ,. ..t -'- ; -.-.:Z 4 a t ; :2 .. ee J .s # ..,,n, -; -st
Mtw..,? . .; -% =. ...---',% *.=":..'-; ,;--: .- = -:-',: -:- .:: ''. -.-.:.. .; .-. _;-:- ... ,:. <= .. .=' ,.' =.-: ,-., .. -.'." .-.=',;-. :/: "
.7: .. -..w.-z,.-- ... ,............ ..... ........... ....... .. ........ ... ..... ... .............- .. -.. ..... Z.. ...... .-.....- ... -... ..... ,t.--.... ........ ..........--:-..- . .-. ._"-



State News In Brief.
-Titusville is to have a cigar factory.
-The fishing season has opened at Ce-
day Key.
-An ice factory is to be established at
-Key West factories are nearly all
working on half time.
-An electric light company will es-
tablish itself at Orlando soon, with a
$20,000 plant.
-A large cigar factory isto be started
at Leesburg, about September 1st, by a
Mr. Oruweg.
-The tobacco crop in Gadsden county
is nearly all housed, and, as a general
thing, is very fine.
-Daytona had a successful test of its
chemical engines last Monday; every-
thing worked well.
'-Business at the Land Office at
Gainesville is rushing. Over $4,000 were
taken ia on two days recently.
S-John Bruce has the finest tobacco
-growing in Jefferson county to be found
in the State. He has 40,000 plants.
-Mr. Thomas Lloyd, of .Lloyd's, has a
number of -acres planted in corn that
will yield at least 100 bushels per acre.
-The right of way for the Silver
Springs, Ocala and Gulf Railway is
being cut in the direction of Brooksville,
and has nearly reached that point.
S-Considerable fruit has set on the or-
ange trees in South Florida from the
July blooming, and the prospect for sum-
mer oranges next year is fair.
-Dr. Hart, of Lakeland, has a beet
that weighs nine pounds and measures
twenty-five inches in circumfei'ence. It
will be preserved for the Sub-Tropical.
-The discovery of a chalybeate spring
-the only one in South Florida-about
two hundred yards from the Nocatee
depot on the Florida Southern' Railroad,
near Trabue, is creating a sensation.
-There is said to be 'a tree on the
plantation of Mr. T. J. Townsend, in Mad-
ison, the diameter of which is said to be
more than ten feet. A person can easily
ride a horse into a hollow at its base.
-The cattle vessels which go to Punta
Rassa'are- compelled to remain at the
quarantine buoy until their cattle are
ready. Then a signal is made, and they
go alongside the whai f, take their cargo
and leave at once.
-The artesian well at DeLand is down
'over 400 feet. and sulphur water has been
struck. There is an abun Jdance of water,
but as the hole is not cased all the, way,
it is not known that the flow will come
to the top.
-The rainfall at Apalochicola Sunday
July 31st, was eleven inches. The streets
were flooded, and in many cases the
water entered the houses, doing much
damage. The water is.cgaidl to hav been
knee deep in the streets.'
-The farmers of Jefferson coutinty
have harvested an immense oat crop.
The cotton crop was never finer and the
S: cori-n crop promises plenty. Vegetable
growers also have made an excellent
crop and realized exceptionally good
S prices;.-
-The Eagle Pencil Company. of Cedar
.: Key,) is one of the leading industries,
working about 100 employes and manu-
facturing the wooden part of countless
Numbers of pencils and penholders. It
also gives work to a large force in get-
ting the raw cedar out of the swamps.
-The tobacco growers of Columbia
county are bringing iu their tobacco to
sell to the factories. We noticed a sale
made by one of our farmers of only
thirh'ty -pounds, which brought him as
much as 120 pounds of cotton at five
cents a pound in the seed.-Lake City
-Street railway, a seventy-room
hotel, water works, gac works, electric
lights. $94,000 expended in brick busi-
S 'ness houses, and nearly as much more in
wooden buildings outside of the fire lim-
its, all since the first, day of January,
S 1887, is the record Orlando offers for the
inspection of the civilized world.
-The bridge over 2,'000'i feet long now
being built across the Halifax river, at
Ormoud, to connect the main land with
the peninsula, will have a railroad tack
for the running of trains over to the
beach. A horse car will use the track
also to convey passengers and freight,
and there will be a drive way for teams
and foot passengers'. There will be a
draw to admit vessels, etc., to go
S through.
-Last fall a bill of lumber was cut at
Millview, near Pensacola, by Robinson
& Co., to be used in building dykes on
-the River Platte, in South America. The
last of the cut was shipped the other day
from Pensacola in the ship John A.
Stamler. Strange to say, but one cargo
has arrived at its destination. Some six
or seven cargoes were shipped, and the
cargo which-did arrive out all right had
been transferred to another vessel at
-0. B. Smith, Esq, agent for proper-
ty holders in North City, St. Augustine,
has signed a contract with the American
Asphalt Company, of New York, to pave
the present shell road with asphalt one
inch thick and twenty feet wide,
through the centre of the toad, com-
mencing at the city gates, and extending
out one mile. The curbsiones are to be
of concrete, and are now being manu-
factured at St. Augustinet It is pro-
posed to set out handsome shade trees ou
either side of the road.
'-Messrs. Hodges & Clark, the con-
tractors, have now a force of over five
hundred men engaged in grading the
road bed of the Alabama, Florida and
Key West Railway. The men are dis-
tributed over the whole line between In-
dian and Clay springs, and as the work
is a succession of cuts and fills it will re-
.quire about two months to complete this
'-section. The'tie-cutters are also working
ou.theil, contracts, and have many ties


ready. This road is now attracting the deciduous fruit trees is preferable to that
attention of the entire State. It is ex- grown farther north.
pected to have the entire line from Birm- After extending a vote of thanks to A.
ingham, Ala., to Biscayne Bay, Fla., in J. Beach and the proprietor of the Sara-
operation in the spring of 1889. toga Hotel for courtesies received, the
-Nearly all the arrangements have society adjourned to meet in April.
been made to open the military school in *
Orlando on the first day of September. Where the Cotton Will Go.
A. large and commodious three-story The mooted question as to: whether
building on Church street with three Jacksonville will be prepared to handle
large recitation rooms and fifteen bed the growing cotton crop seemed to be tak-
rooms has been rented by the trustees, ing shape. Much interest has been mani-
and teachers of ability and experience tested in the matter in the -cotton belt of
employed. Prof. I. N. Tillett has been the State. and asJacksonville is, or rather
elected principal, and Mr. Wylarde in- should be, the natural shipping port of
structor in military tactics. About Florida, the result of the discussion has
twenty-five students have made applica- been unanimous among the press that if
tion for entrance so far, and it is hoped proper preparations for handling thecrop
and believed that the school will open in Jacksonville are made that city would
with forty or fifty. The uniforms of the get the bu I k of the present crop. Of course
students will cost $12 and will be on: the many cotton buyers are under obligai-
order of the West Point suits with the tions to factors in Savannah for favors
regulation caps. received the present as well as in past
years, which favors must be reciprocated
FLORIDA NURSERYMEN. by sending them enough cotton to meet
-- the demands made of them. This obli-
Proceedings of Their Recent nation settled they will be free to dispose
Conenton t aa of the balance of the crop which passes
Convention at Palatka. through their hands as they see fit. And
[From the Times-Union of August 11.]1 as business men they will see fit to ship
The Nurserymen's Association of this through ports offering the greatest ad-
State, which met in Palatka Tuesday vantages for them. Savannah is pre.-
afternoon, adjourned yesterday after- pared-Jacksonville, though, being as
noon. There were present Messrs. above said, the natural seaport of Flor-
James Mott, of Orlando; W.W. Haw- ida, is not. She has no cotton/men, she
kins, of Lake George; Aaron Warr, of has no warehouses nor compresses. 'But
Georgetown; A. J. Beach, of Palatka; we learn that she is now preparing to
W. F. Reed, of Drayton Island; E. H. make a beginning as a cotton mart and
Tison, of Lakeland; H. L. Wheatley, of we trust will be successful.-Madison
Altamonte; E. H. Hart, of Federal Recorder.
Point; G. L. Taber, of Glen St. Mary; W Foia
W. C. Steele, of Switzerland; Charles B. West Florida Farmers.
Pelton, of Lake Helen; A. H. Manville, One of our correspondents contributes
of Jacksonville; W. H. Mann, of Mann- the following to the Times-Courier, of
ville; O. R. Thacher. of San Mateo; Rev. Jackson county:
James P. DePass, of Archer; A. L. Dun- In conversation with & practical, and
can, of Clear Water Harbor; D. Red- an eminently successful farmer the other
mond, of Jacksonville; Rev. T. W. day, he said, "I assure you, the very
Moore, Professor E. Dubois, of Talla- backbone of the country are the farmers
hassee, and A. E.- Champlin of Oakland. of seemingly- small means, living on
FIRST DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. what is justly' considered some of
After the temporary organization was the poorest lands in the county. It is
effected by the election of A. J. Beach, mostly wite-,lra s pine-land. -They are
chairman, and A. H. Manville, secre- not what is termnied f palogresrve t;.t m-
tary, a resolution was adopted author- ers, but they are men who support thear
izing the secretary to request the trans- families (and they always have large.
portation cimpanie to reduce the iate tamiliesi in comfoit by their labor on
on nur-ery sock trom the first to the their farms. They make all the meat,
fifth class: also* to negotiate with the corn, syrup, potatoes, beef, butter,
expieQs companies with a view to secur- ckickens and eggs they.wantand some
ing a reductionn at their rates, to spare. The poultry aud,] dairy supply
On motion of Mr. DePass, a committee the siuar, coffee, flour, thread, nceule,
of three, cionsistihig of D. Redmond, E. pins, buttons. etc.. they need, leaving
H. Hait aui W. C. Steele. wasappointed the surplus of syrup, laid and the cotton
to cla-ifv and name the several varieties cropto meet the heavier expenses.
of the fig and pomegranate. They buy little or no commercial fetr-
Several new members were elected, tilizers, and hire no colored labor. The
among them being Professor Dubois, of land is so easy to cultivate that if it does
Tallahassee; A. E. Champlin, of Oak- not make large crops to the acre,
land, and Donald T. Houston, of Belair. they easily extend the acreage till they
A committee, consisting of E. H. make up the deficiency. While I prefer
Hart, Lyman Phelps, G. L. Taber. E. to put the manure thicker on the land
Dubois, D. Redmond,P. W. Reasoner and cultivate less, they do not, and they
and Rev. T. W. Mooire. a- appointed to make about as muclh as the rest of us.
enumerate the fruits suitable to Florida. If we make more, we spend more in the
The following permanent officers were making. They raise their own horses
elected:"' *. and occasionally have one to sell. They
Priesident-A. I. Bidwell. buy what they want and pay for it.
First Vice-President-W. K. Cessna. They do not go in debt. and all t& hey have
Second Vice-President-A. J. Beach. around them belongs to themru. I wish
Third VicePresident-Rev. J. P. De- we had thousands mcoieof thissame sort
Pass. of Floiidians." And I said "Amen."
Secretarv-G. L. Taber. These men are not new importations.
Treasurer-J. B. Anlersonu. They belong here. They are modest in
A resolution was adopted to the effect their estimate of their worth to the
that the Nurserymen's Association at its whole country. They are not ambitojis
next semi-annual meeting organize a to shine in society, but quietly filling
society to be known as the Florida Hot'- .heirplaces in thegreat world, not know.
ticultural Society, and that the Fruit ing what examples of ftugality and in-
Growers' Asseciation be invited to join dustry they are. to many who are idling
the Nurservmen's Association in the or- away the best years of their lives in the
ganization'of the Horticultural Society. vain effort to live well without, much
A resolution fully endorsing the gen- work. To bow many might be said,
eral programme of the Sub-Tropical Es- "Go thou and do likewise."
position and pledging themselves indi-
vidually and collectively to do all Tn Florida's Low Death Rate.
their power to further the objects of said The Palatka Daily News makes the
Exposition and add to the variety and following showing of the death rate in
interests of its exhibits was adopted, this State as compared with other sec-
It "as also decided that a committee tions of the Union:
should be appointed to solicit contribu- First illustration showing the number
tions of trees, plants, etc.. from members of deaths in proportion to each 1,000.
throughout ihe State for the Exposition. births in four Northern States and four
- This closed the first day's session. Southern States:
Msaiuh uet t s......... 7
At the morning session yesterday the N Yrk............... ......2
subject of time and place for the next Rh,:..le lhn.i ...... ............ ............... 15 ...... i
meeting was considered. It was voted Nur .Jer-yr.......... ................. ';.
that the next meeting be held on the S,:,'rERN STArtES.
second Tuesday of April, IN38. A tele- Geor.,a ................1 44.}
MN1 .:'iselJpa ................................ I..... ,
graphic message from the mayor of AILabamna................................ I.l.'..
Ocala. inviting the association to hold Florida ..... .................................... .
its next meeting in that city, was ac- The death rate is one hundred and
cepted, and the secretary instructed to forty per cent. greater in Massachusetts
notify the mayor of the action of the than in Florida; one hundred and twen-
society ty-six per cent. greater in New York .
In view of the existing confusion in Rhode Island and New Jersey, nearly
regard to names, it was unanimously one hundred per cent. greater. This
voted that hereafter the words "Japan statement, owing to the general belief,
plum" be dropped from the fruit known would not be credited by'the casual
as Kelsey's Japan plum, and that it be reader were it not from the highest au-
called simply Kelsey; also, that the thority in the land. In pursuing the
eriobothrya, commonly known in this evidence further, the above comparison
State a tbe h Japan plum," shall here- is fully supported by the
after be called by its common name Second illustration, showing the tolal
throughout the world, viz.: the loquat. number of deaths in proportion to the
The question of the best stock on population:
which to work the Kelsey was discussed MatIacbuse.IF.................. .............i per cent
at considerable length, and the majority Florida .............. ............... .........l0 per cent
favored budding or grafting upon Flori- In 1886, when the State census was
da-grown peach-stocks, taken, Putnam county showed ninety
The question was asked whether the deaths in 10,000. But the most aston-
giant loquat was a distinct variety, or fishing comparison is found in the
merely the result of extra cultivation Third illustration-mortality among
and more favorable conditions? It was children one year of age in one hundred
found that no one in this State had ever born
seen the fruit of the giant loquat. Massa'huetre.........................j7:'..75 per :ent
Mr. ManvilIe said that H. H. Berger, New York .......... -;-5.7-- 0 percent
the well-known importer of Japanese Florida ...i'.... 8i-flaper cret
trees, claims that there is no such vart- While the reader may be satisfied that
ely as the giant loquat, but that the so- the foregoing is true and reliable he will
called variety is merely the result of naturally ask "Why is it so?" This
richer soil and more favorable conditions, question is easily answereds'-and under-
E. H. Hart recommended growing stood. Florida is a strip of land one
loquat trees from seed selected from hundred miles wide and four hundred
the choicest specimens of the fruit, and miles long. It runs out into tile ocean
believed that in this way a very great like a great arm. The peninsula being
improvement in the size and quality of narrow. the land is constantly fanned by
the fruit might, be affected, ocean b'eezes-the purest of air-and as
The committee on catalogue made a it comes but a short distance, even if you
report, which, after considerable discus- "live in the center of the State, it will not
sion, was adopted. gather as much malaria, noxious or in-
The following resolution was then fectious properties, as where it travels
adopted: thousands of miles- over sluggish
Resolved, That it iH the belief of this streams, prairie lands, sloughs and
association that Florida grown, stock of swamps. '








J. W. t MITH,
E-rot. Signal Corr,., U. S. A.
Groves where Wiilian.s, Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fcrtilizer bhas been used are
looking finely.

Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of experience and
taste, enjoying thLe best facilities for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles ort household goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular.
Addt'ess MRs.-S. S. Jones,
S* 19 GatesAve.. Brooklyn, N. Y.

"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley"s Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with other high grade fertul-
izert's, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year.
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of- Florida that they can-
not use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida. Vegetable Fertilizer. We knov
by experience what we say regarding
this fertilizer.
Ft. Mason. Fla.

Opinions of the Press.
[From the Southern Cultivator.]
"The Success of the FLORIDA FAR-
ville. surpasses that of any similar
publication in America. The publishers
seem to be over-liberal in giving the
mechanical part every attraction possi-
ble, while Editor Curtiss is doing the
best work of his life. It is a conibina-
tion-tlhat cannot fail of abundant success.
The Cultivator is never sorry to see such
enterprise rewarded, as we have no
rivals to be jealous of, but wish all suc-
[From the Gardeners' Monthly]
"We are continually receiving new
agricultural ventures, but useful as they
are in their own special fields, we rarely
find in them anything of special interest
to the intelligent class of horticulturists
for which the Gardeners' Monthly has to
cater. We were, therefore, agreeably
surprised on reading among the batch
of exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this,
to find it of a very high order of intelli-
gence, and one which must have an ex-
cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
[From the' Texas Farmer. ]
"Florida is not behind her sister South-
ern States in material progress. It
ought to be called the land of fruits and
flowers, for each of these grand divis-
ions of horticulture are equally at home..
GOROWER is an ably conducted and ele-

State Normal Schools.

Under the recent act of the Legislature
two normal schools will be established
in the 'State-one for whites, at DeFu-
niak Springs, and one for colored per-
sons, at Tallahassee. The course is two
years. The studies are methods of
teaching the v.rrious branches taught in
the pulAic schools. '
No students admitted under sixteen
years of age, and must ,e sound in mind
and body. Both sexes are admitted
free of charge, if residents of iliq State.
All applicants mu.-t have received a
common school education, and upon the
completion of the two years' course. if
the examination o(f thestudpnts exhibits
satisfacto-y evidence of proficiency in
the art of teaching, a knowledge of the
methods and the studies pursued ,in
a full common school course, the candi-
date will receive a diploma as a 'Licen-
tiate of Instruction, which shall be a
first-class certificate for lifed in this State,
unless revoked for cause.
A sub-college class for academic work
will be formed and conducted by the
faculty, assisted by advanced students,
as occasion may demand. Each student,
upon being admitted to the college, will
be required to pledge full submission to
the rules and regulations, as made and
provided by the State Board of Educa-
tion and faculty, and to serve as teach-
ers in this State for two years, if oppor-
tunity is offered. The faculty for the
white school consists of President, H. N.
Felkel, A. M.; First Assistant, H. E.
Graham, L. I.; Second Assistant, Mrs.
H-len B. Webster, L. I.
C coloredd School-President, T. V.
Gibl.s: First Assistant, T de S. Tucker;
Second Assistant, to be supplied.-

-Trestling operations -on the Orlando
and Winter Park Railway are going on
steadily and the work is about half fin-
ished. The only obstacle in the way of
completion is the injunction against
p-assiMug through the Walker ipert,
and that hinlrance will be but temporary.
as thet property has been conileun-ji.


The following table compiled from thb- r,,..:.I-.l
of the Jack-onville Signal Station ". i,- -r. J.
-W. na,'h. r.-pe--ei-.:t. he temperature condition
of weather, riufrl aod dIti-ection or wind for
rie month Ajf u,.i-.r., -m-:.t.:rrel ar ibe .JK1.
S.'.Drlll,- il&hil.i durlu tlh.g t [it 1, I ye ir, :

"1" "' ,. 4 4',,
I -,i'-i, 51...i... '$-- "


Wtholesa le.
JAL.,vINVILLE, -u'l'i *i'l l-7,
1 a -rer". r it si-e j i f;l 1, 7; .-
Iocrj ,:l, .id.,-_, <,* '7- 1-, ; -. I:',-lii.?," a.)(",.
Sm o5k;ed b':,lt ill.',. 3 ;':; em. '1.k-,d 'l:,-'lb,:. ::4;/'.:;
S C h .u -W s, :. iQt f tE- ,l ''I",n U v 1 ?; 4 ; .'. -n ,O I'l-
der.,"CL .'e.i7" ed C-a".'L'il 'LiA: ,:'i pit ni" him',,
"-.'-. Lid']-riiaEd Xirtir-.e. '7.:. Met ii.f-
ra'rrel:, li,51.; 1; tfli oa. rr-l, Si7.':; in -- po!rk,
il[ '.11. 'Li-i- Il-:tati,)ni6 aril'e I'or roand lots
from-i frs t 1ahfifv.
B urEn--Bt tr1- bir, E..'2,!.d'c peIr' poLund; >-ook-
Ing, ,,11,2 p41o p ,ipu nd .
Gr'aii. flour. Hlioy. reed. Hides. Etc.
GRAIN C 'irn i':" mCI! ,t bighiL-1' fihd
a ...'[ar-,:il- ruE- i'i.:iilh i_'i? ,-:.i ibroke L in
[ l __, ,'L l i.-l'_, _t, .' ,, h u t I ,''. ti t ,: dI' .' u l l DmIm tl- u
,Ol f i [IU L, l httei'ttle i tir :iE :,!i t-l."I. m arkL[.
'rue "''i,!!,:,'"n-!Di l:Ii -ire -c 'e -tl t ti,-dty'.a v"d1a-::
WVe ,iio:t, t w it..- i.: r o, its, i'""/ pr X ushel;
ca t- l-'_a'1 lo t -, '.- c p ,:r Ie il- i ,U l m:i ed i -, o iru .-," o
lot-, .,/c pye r i.,'tIi-l:; c.' lroar t lot, '., per
u 1i [Wc El. ht.71l U ipllyr a [ [m l w It h c :O n ,
at lthe i',,lioW-in. dil'Ul : Mit,X- in .A:b tlt-i,
\ 0a' ioad l .li' :; w i- oat; arn 3'- o ..-ie1'
all .& ',:-i, d. Bran arm ir, l. peir' to, .
H.,--T'iuE ma:'rk-l ii hLi,-h.-rand -.-:rv ysEc-arr.
XVE-I 'ru > :n,-:,i,? Q iLi .-,l! li hI,:201 .[i-,,Z2l'". per
Ou: ear i'.'ad li,,. i-' l) pei' ton; Eastera hay,
$14:Yl' per tOh.
PnAAL GRITS AND I tE.HAL-GtlSi'.t.); me-rd
,3 4i per'i.farrel.
FL.:.urn--W eiak 'r; ne-t patIrnts. 5 ,5W) W;:
g'uo d 'fa n'id 54 Ri..''. iI); ,Om rui:,ri, '4 2*5.
PEAS-MxIed t1 2S'., whips t 1 5., clays 11 0.
G"OPUND FEED-Per LtOi, ,I24 ii.
CorFEE-Green Rio, 21i'2,. per'pound; Java,
rated, :32,-.LAc; 'roLhs, io,.tdI, -ic: Rio,
roiast-d, &','-2'6c; -roiiud Ro. .:,ffce lsi-,2Sc per
.u-rrON SEED TMlr.'LL-DElTUahd light. ea
ielandI or d- ri, melr, '1 Me 'al .1.4 I:)"j pILr t,-,u;
brigtlht or 1ih rt o--'tu n-LI' i :M, t 'f' _arket,
.i millis ihu l do *wnu d :,,i, itook ile'.-ricd up.
Ta ,BACC.O j-,EMS-Marui e r'i4 l but dr-u at
9l.j i,; ti.i.."l p,: I OU.
Llta.--Eai.-ti n,'':"i Irirl i-ots SI M0, 1ti) bai-
rel loht 'i., tes than i(' ii 531. .labama lime
115. Cemiut-AtEricanl S20c; Enghlb $9215
pei baield.
RicE-The ,uaOtvtluns vary, according to
quantily, fr'om3i 5r-,, cent. per pouFnd.
SALr-Liverpoolw, per Cack. 'i,; per car
oad. 90cceLeU.
H1iDE.--Dry flint, cow, per pound, ir-stelas.,
It1':,'12,. t; audI country dl V s'dted 'iliia]l i ta,
bulcieise d7iy s.aiad ents., tS e knns-Dec-r fluIt,
h)i cents, salted I.3 cents. Fur'-'>:'ller, wVi-l'r,
each 2ec,'4] iW; raccoon alfiiItJ) COLSt; w"-id cat
10,M.15A celitt: I:tx 1l"h.I5 (:Juts. Beeswax, per
p.)Lnd1 IN ceuts; wool, free trom bhrt. ll.S'3i
centa; iuriry, Siilt5 cents; goual sins IOcents
Conutry Prodnee.
CE'EEsE-FiL6 (Crcamery 16 cents per pound.
LIvE PoI-L.TaR-LLmnted supply and g,-,od
domuand a;- flt'ows: Heuns "5 cents; mixed .i)
cents; half' grown .4) centS. They are scarce
and in reat'demand.
EoGS.-i-Duvri County. -2 cents perdozen wiLh
good demand and limltd supply.
IRIsH 'PorATO.a--Nortnern potatoes T2 7-5@
3 il per barrel.
_ONOiNi--western per barrel -350, New York
8375 per barrel.
New York Cabbage; 10,12c eer head.
'NEW BMErs--New York 5275 per barrel.
To. Arc ma-New York, per crate, l 00.
TtxRNtiPs-Ruta Baga variety 8250 per bar-
Foreign and Domnestic Fruits.
PRCVNE .-Frencb. 12c.
PINEA PPLL.E--il'75Q2 00 per dozen.
LEMoNg--Mes3lnas,'80,) per box.
FiGs-ln layers, 13c.
DAiEF-:Perlila.n-Boxes, c-; Frail. 7c.
Ntrrs-Almonds Ic; BraJlls t2e: Filberts
.Sictivi 12c; English walnuts, Grencobles, ]bc;
Mai'bots i5c; PeCAns 12c; Peanuit 6c; Cocoa-
outs$u. per hundred.
RAxisiNs-Londou layers, 225 per box.
BU ri RiNRE-Creamery 2-c; Extra Dairy 16c;
Dairy 15c.
CH 42.1E-Hah'sklJm 10c: cream I3c per pound.
PEACHE S- GEorgia, 81 00 per crate.
APPLEs-Georgilas, 75c per crate; New York
S3 75l i tWl per barrel.
La-CONtE PEARS-S2 00 per crate, $500 per
barrel; Flemlsb Beauty Pears $5(,w) per barrel;
Bartlett Pears 0650 per barrel, $375 per half
The following quotatLions are carefully re-
vised for Wednesday's and" Satarday's paper
from quotations furnished by dealers In the
Citly Ma'et:
New York-Cabbage wholesale at 2 50W800
per bturel and retail at 1.5'20 cents.
Sweet. Potatoes wholesale at L0a75c per
bushel and retail at four quarts for 15 cents.
Eggs are In fair demand. Duval county eggs
are quoted at wholesale 18@'30 ceons per
dozen, and retail at26 cents.
Boston marrowfat, squashes wholesaleat
2 00 per barTel, and retail at -4@5 cents per
pound. "
New York Irish potatoes wholesale at $250"
275 per barrel, and retail at 10 cents per quart,
or two quarts for 15 cents.
Live poultry-chIckens.wholesale at 20@80
cantis each; retail at 25@45 cents each. Dressed
poultry, per pound-chlicken, retalil,18 cents.
Nortn.bern meats retaUil as folldws: Chicago
beef 18@25 cents per pound Florida 1eef5@
cents per pound; veal,20@25 cents; pork 12.l5
cents; mutton 10@20 cents;'venJson 25,cgnta;
sausage J5 cents; corned beer 10 cents. :.
--i *^ '- 'J I t 'i r .
~ ., :' ''- _. ''

.. "*r- '

.-. '. '. .

gantly printed paper devoted to these
very topics, to which we refer the reader
for further information."
[From the Tiiues-Demoorat.]
-"Editor Curtiss. of the FARMER AND
FRUIT-;ROWER, evidently struck the
popular fancy when he established that
journal. Its success is phenomenal. and
although only a few mouths old. ham al-
ready tak-nu the lead in all matters per-
taining to Southern horticulture.
S Fr,5n we FlF:,ridi B.'ipltit WiraeS.,.
cones toour table regularly and proriipt-
ly. and is full ofliuterestiug and instruc-
tive matter. I, certainly excelscany paper
we Have seen, for Florida especially.
Send to Jacksonville for it. Addires as
above, and read it awhile and be con-
(Fro..m tbeeCa uieor.le Mornmue R,'c.:.r1..
"We are in receipt of the FFORIDA
by C. H. Jones & Bro.. at the Times-
Union office, and edited by Prof. A. H.
Curtiss. It is first-class in every respect
and is a paper which every fartmer and
fruit grower should have Its articles
are full of plain, good, common sense.
We hope to give.our readers the benefit
of many of its articles. Success to the
( ib Soithern Live u't,.-,k I.iirnal.',
-We regret that the first number [of
to reach us, but the second shows a very
handsome sheet as to paper, typography
and general make up, while theeditorial
depaitmeut is all we expected of the dis-
tiugtislhed editor. Many of our readers
are interestedl directly aud seconda-
i ily in evervtliing con,)uctk.d with Flor-
ida. and we ,ordially commend this
new and excellent periodJical as worthy
,f their patronage. With best wishes
for its3 uccees. we welcome this new as-
liraiJt for public favor anid patronage.
feeling aEiuled of the good w.rk- it will
aicormipli-h iii and out of Florida.'"

Wat.rmi-ons whoieil.c at 1. i per hun-
ded, an-i rLsail for S.',:.C) cents; ic? waIer iel-
oD- Jt to': I, c nt6.
rGi'e. n "rU wbolale at .iii-) cents per
dozen, an-' retail at 2*: 1'Ents.
iikia wh-.,i-saile at ,,l'iiii :eias per p.,'k, and
fEtii- at Di ,'i-le, ior two quarts 'or l 1 cents.
E,: P-tiatlts wolv'e;ie at 'M,'h'.2 ceuts per
dozi aind L'ettiil & 5tilu criti nt, ri'h.
N,--rt' Pt r. rt t itt Pta- iun-nps tr .8 per h-ir-el,
['our qonrte,- f r ;.2A ,:cntE.
' N.,it'bein :i...-'ro[. cileai, e atS3 i () perrel;
rctlili Ii 1)-.1I: .u i per ]e->,:l..
'ucpp'ronoe elaitLe wbh:,isalc e at l200 per
c-UE Dl: I t, il t i ,0 ,Eut per 'iialaLt.


NEW YORK. _AUCst 2l ').-Th-re is no abate-
nlir.[ :,[ i t-le-t 'r the,,cio li i'ket.
Pl'-,le- i [ll I.lttIding upward, aud the -
O,'iu, i, -elT StI"'ug.
RICHMI'iND, AlieCust 12.L-Let' tob-,:.: is
,r'n. R pi:c pl ,ti.- ,:.O.1, iian t Cliiel- idJ i-urV-
.ri F.:, t':' l., .:.l.iu.' aix i, ,:' tn', to the
unc,'tl-d lf' ket In New Y,:,ik.
Li-U'iVMrLLE, ..Auust 2.-r-oe market ts
drrn ant p.:-. z Ic-,kL tupwaid. A..n.i',n
sali c-i'" i-'f ringed trirm a[.,,,iut 2L :per bun
dx,rd dcwan L-) Si.

Rooted Bone Manure.
Pr. e, 1L' per r.r an b e .a.n Loard tn JaA;S.:.n-
r lde, 1r at f"ii [o"ry '.r1 c ue" -lelte7eCd in New -
YorL .--' !- -
. *J i ft: : .' ?.'- -."
""" "* ;" i ,


Iporte-'i L7 d'eectic,-n of Dr. W. WV. Win-
tbhr'p. A ltiul,] .i saisplv at 1i2 ,0I peouu.], 25
cents per o.ijLce Iy mail'PI.,tRge prepaid.
t11 Eaut Baiy Street. Jsa.'kuonvrdl,a Flt.
(L.pegrprc: st'ireta nwl Paipalawi platriimule.)
IULstrated and described In FLciarDnA FaRma
Snpptled al t1.00 per thousand,
-BT. GODEY. Wal-, Florida.Y-
T. K. OODBEY. Wald.), Florida.

A tenant who understands the rearing anmi
sciipment cit garden truck find fruit, to citinvate
a large farmi and ,orage gi-ores on shares. Beet
,)f tnatmnick land noll an arjnDiuia product of
aboul ti,.iJifiraage5 A man with two or three
1,)076 large enough in.-i not afraid t,: work can
hearof a rare chance br application to the un-
' IMaa'itee,'Fla.
Re.irnct-srenquired. J. H. VISER.

Before yon decide where to go in SOUTH
FLORIDA, send for a sample copy of
You will find better and cheaper bargains In
MANAT EE Counrty in groves, farms, ranches of
any size. Building lots on railroad, river or sea-
side. The proprietor of "The Orange'Grove "li
an "old timer,, but neither moss back'd or hide
bound; be Is here to stay and "There is millions
in it." Three Millions of Acres on his Books.



Riretropical, ornamental and fruit plants .c
open airciiltnri e in Florida, and for theNortr-:
greenhoiuse. Also, a full line of semi-tr'piL.
trees, plants and grasses, and general .xn'arfi.
ctock adapted'to ornda and theSonuth .. .
Exotics irom Trnta, Australiaand'.tho Wc.. ~- ,
Indic6, maruyof them never before imr'bdLC. .. -"
into the Untied States. : ,- -'" .
The most complete descriptive ostal-a. o. f-
troplcal and semi-tropical plants pbla.:;. -- .
America. Catalog e mailed post-paid, c ia ".:
ceipL oi 0116 cents. Free o'alW cnltoaitd "'.:-.-
UEAS:E NEI. ,"Ht..
h tans~tee.,?._l = _.
TOTIC.. ', :" -. -
Know all men by these presents, that C. H-'' -
Jones. G. W. Jones, J. WV.,Atbernathy, and F.
W. Hoyt, underand'in accobrfnince withIthe'p .ro
vsions ot the AcEt of the Legislature of the State -
o0 Florida, providing.for theoi'eation of cor-pora-; ...
tions, have aBsociaedthemfiely nderjthename -, _',r
of the "Ttimes-Uoio P';.nting:and ablihing;. .
Company," with place:6f. business.a tJasoan- .. "-
illUe, Florida. The object or theq'ofqpaiy will p
be to carry on a gene' printij.aiid'ipnublhbing '
business and to transact suchi -otbei-.busineas -
may be necesw&ry for the , the con- -
panry. The'capital stockr-'aid-,'co',,pa .i .' -i
One Hundred ,.bbusaud ($1001000) DollarsKthe,:'-'.".-.
shares to be paid tupt'in.full. when-issued. The ---.
company begins Itsbusiness'from t-..e:date o .- # -
the flin of ta'ArtGcIes'o'Mico'por i'onnamelyT _..iy ;:. "-
July-. 18th;1887{'andwl*L'riinII:I' 1rt inety-ntne :-'-.:.
years from said date.-lts officers sh".ll-cpnlstrof a --.'.-.
President -Se etary a ,d asiE-;.-!;ndIyet(6);--`.-' % '.
DIrectors,, to beielcN!,, -on "Ie seOadff oadsy." -'-..i
in Jly iA each "e'iy, .h.'highe6t'aont of.- ,-
indebtedness thel corporatdohtoansat.ayngy-hMe .1-. .'.'
subject itseltt ip _tef(.( _.ei.t ot-ll6e ''.
capital sto0c, nramelyjFegnthnocsi S")('e 0'_(20
dollars. ". -..- ._' ." .. .-
S(Signed) '- '"-.--..O"H.JONS.; -. -'
-.~ .. ._. .*'A W.'- .-.JQNBS5 :'! ,.-'

'_- 4 ,T Q.

y ROYAL i'l'Bfl) ^

L. ving@ow 7ml q-S^



Absolutely Pure.
Tuts piwder never varies. A Ma-rvel of
puriy, si I'nc-th and waoleeonmeness. More
eInumikeal than tiie ordinary kInds, and
cannot be sold In conmpel-tiou c with tle
mjultituide of' low t est, short weight alumu or
phosphterti p-:.wdIelS. .*ld'ir'l rnl cin is,
A LBAKiNO POWtiER Co"., tc"i Wal St..
New Yo.rk.


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