Florida farmer & fruit grower

Material Information

Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
C.H. Jones & Brother
Creation Date:
January 12, 1887
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note:
A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
000454290 ( ALEPH )
11040152 ( OCLC )
ACL6442 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026760 ( LCCN )

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Succeeded by:
Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
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Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower


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Full Text


Origin and Characteristics of.
I- Different Types.
In order that our readers may under-
stand more clearly the article- on
grape culture which are appearing in
our columns,-we offer a brief explana-
tion of certain terms much used by
iticiulturists, a term preferred by pro-
Sfessionals to the plain-sounding "grape-
growers." '-
When, for example, a certain grape is
-described as a vinifera, the meaning is
"'that it-is a cultivated variety of the na-
"ive European Vitis vinifera. Any La-
-brusca is traceable to the Northern fox-
"Z grape, Vitis Labrusca. Any aestivalis
was derived from the common summer
-' grape. 1Vitis aestivalis. So, also, the
.'less important riparia and vulpina
-grapes owe their origin to the wild Vitis
riparia (frost grape) and Vilis vulpina
The European or rilnofera grapes re-
quire more skillful management than
-the American species. Without assist-
-ance from America the European vine-
yards would have been exterminated by
that fatal d iseqse, phylloxera, and as it is,
their area has been greatly reduced.
Fortunately it was discovered that the
American grapes were proof against the
attacks of this disease. Therefore the
Europeans adopted the system of plant-
ing the American vines 'itlls riparia
Being preferred) and grafting the roots
S"of these with V. vinifera, thus perpetu-
ating the long-established favorites on
foreign roots. It was found that Amer-
ican roots are equally hardy if produced
from seed, and of the latter many thou-
sand pounds have been sent to Europe
fromm the United States.
Attempts have been made since the
first settlement of America to introduce
-t--e-lulropeanarieties of grape, but they
have not succee-dld in any State except
California,-though of late years we be-
lieve some success has resulted from
grafting on the Western sand grape (V.
rupestris). We would like to know how
this matter is managed by our corres-
pondent in Alachua county, and by
Prof. Dubois, of Leon. To grow vinifera
-vines on their own roots, in any consid-
erable quantity, wohld be to invite
the phylloxera to this country, the germs
of which may be contained in any pack-
age of imported cuttings.
The Labrusca. grapes now 'n cultiva-
tion are "too numerous to mention."
They are most in favor for table use, the
fruit being large and handsome and of
fine flavor. The toughness of pulp is a
great objection and they are not consid-
ered good wine grapes. The Delaware
-ahd many other grapes in cultivation
are the results of one or more crosses of
dTerent species Except in the case of
hybrids it I very easy to- recognize the
type or parent species of any.grape, for
they differ little in foliage from the wild
-- original~ and they preserve some char-
acteristics of fruit. Hence if a person
-who is acquaintdd with these points
"reads of a new grape, that it is of the
-.vinifera or riparia type. he knows its
general characteristics as well as if he
had seen it.
-Passing by the riparia and rupesiris
Grapes which are most valued foi graft-
.ng stocks, and the vulpina or scupper-
Snone, there re remains to be mentioned the
--mportant -Vitis aestivalis.
Te aestivalis varieties have small but,
-'yery numerous berries, which are desti-
tute: of tough pulp. They are best
-adapted to Southern latitudes, and are
i-cultivated mostly as wine Erapes. Of
;. -their number are the three mentioned
sb. our correspondent in AJachua county,
-namely, the Herbemonte, Cynthianaand
rNorto.n's Virginia. In the hammocks
'of_- Florida the original native species
pgro-ows to a great size, but seldom fruits.
.4More correctly speaking, the fruitful
plants do not develop well in this State,
ta.faCct-true of some other dicecious spe-
Yies. .et it spems that the natural con-
.ditions are-very favorable to the fruiting
the cultivated varieties. A H. C.

he;- Cynthiana and Norton
Baro6n von ,Luttichau's high estima-
inof ..these two grapes is shared fully
y c-P-of. Dubois, of .Lppn county, who
peaks-0f- them (in .a private letter) as
{-"being entirely at home and making the
east.-of all American vines." These
-gentl ene are probably our best author-
.itieson' grape culture in Florida, and as
,f5ey a-e much interested inthe develop-
epint-bf this industry, we believe that
other' of them-certainly Prof. E. Du-
b6is. (P. 0. Tallahassee)-wdill furnish
B,-any. further'.information that may be
;-Mked by private letter, or through our
-'-bdumns. -.
A-l that is known of these or other
'american grapes outside of Florida, may i
b6e-learned from the Bushberg Catalogue
-(an illustrated descriptive catalogue of
.-L.pages, which may be obtained by
.-2Leriding 25 cents to Bush & Son, & Meis-
.-sner, Bushbetg, Missouri). From this

",. .

work we learn that the Cynthiana and but few Texas trees do well here, and 1
Norton's are varieties of the aesi valis fear that the vines will not do better.
type, closely resembling each other. The The new paper pleases me. very much,
berries ot both are small, black, numer- and I hope to aid you in every way I can.
ous, and in compact shouldered clusters. J. C. NEAL, M. D.
They are of Agreeable flavor, with scarce- ARCHER, Fla., Jan. 4, 1887.
ly any pulp, and ripen (in Missouri) in F .4
October. The vine is "hardy, and pro-
ductive when well established, but very ORANGE CULTURE ABROAD.
impatient of transplanting, and exceed-
ingly difficult to propagate." II--The Keeping Qualities of Si-
From the same source we derive the
following information relative to these cilian Fruit.
interesting twin varieties. The Norton BY WALLACE S. JONES, U. S. CONSUL AT
or Norton's Virgina comes from a re- MESSINA.
markably fine wild variety of Vitis aes- Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
tivalis, which was discovered in 1835 on In Sicily lemon culture is thirty per
an island in 'the James river, abouc four cent. more profitable than orange cul-
n-iles above Richmond. The Cynthiana ture. Lemon trees are more prolific
ii another improved variety of the same than orange trees. Prices for lemons
species which was brought from Arkan- are higher than for oranges, and lemons
sas in 1858. "The Norton, with its twin- keep much better.
sister, the Cynthiana, is now recognized The Province of Palemo is the great
by all experienced grape-growers as the orange district of Sic ly. Throughout
most reliable and best wine grape of the Province of essina the orange
America." On another pagewelearnthat was exterminated between 1865 and 1870
the Cynthiana wne"isof exquisite flavor, by the "guns." The lemon budded on
movie delicate than Norton's, and can the wild orange has taken its place.
safely enter the lists with Burgundy Most of the oranges shipped from Mes-
wines. The Norton's, however, seems to sina bome from the neighboring Prov-
possess medicinal ingredients in a high since of Calabria on thy mainland. In
degree." A. H. Q. Calabria they begin gathering the or-
anges in October; in Sicily, in Novem-
Grafting on Small Roots- her- i'we_ except small shipments to
London of unripe anffd-Ti-ersized oranges
The following letter from Dr. J. .C from Milasso 180 miles northwest of-
Neal. of Archer, who will be a frequent ,Messina). This poor fruit is quoted to-
contributorto th e FARMER AND FRUIT 'dy at 70 cents a box; deducting 20 cents
GROWER, was not written especially for for cost of box, leaves 50 cents for the
publication, but its character is such fruit and handling. These oranges are
that we feel at libertytbo reproduce it in bought by confectioners.
print. It contains some novel and in- The climate of southern Italy being
teresting facts relative to grape-culture, warmer in summer than that of Sicily,
D_ (Sicily being surrounded by the deep
S waters of the Medoitenrraneani isa cooAler in

summer and warmer in winter than the
mainland), and oranges being generally
grown on a light, sandy soil accounts for
the earlier r opening of fruit in Calabria.
As just stated, the first gathering of
oranges in Sicily occurs in November,
buit'most of the crop is gathered in De-
-cember and January. The Sicilian
'growers prefer running the risk of dam-
age by frost Lwhich is not very great-

small, and of a pale yellow, and is of
comparatively short keeping. -That
grown on a c'ay soil is large; it.keeps
well and is of a dark brown color. Treds
on clay soil resist drought Imuoh better
than those on sandy soil. The groves 'o
b'he southwest, of the Palermo district
produce much more highly praised fruit
than those to the northwest-the sole
difference between them be'ng their
clay and sandy soil. As in the neigh-
borhood of Palermo, so in o her districts
of the Province, even where the climatic
differences are great
Fruit in Sicily is known as "moun-
tain" fruit and "sea coast" fruit. Mer-
chants further classify heir fruit accord-
ing to the soil on which it grew. When
fruit grown on a clay soil sells a' $5 per
thousand, fruit from a sandy soil brings
$8.50 per thousand. "Mountain" frui
is. firmer and keeps better than "sea
coast" fruit. Its superiority is attribu-
ted to the nature of the soil and not to
the influence of the climate. Fruit pro-
duced in the plain of Portello, the soil of
which is clay, brings the same prices as
that grown on the high s of Morreale.
The fine large oranges that bring
good prices in Palermo in summer, are
allowed to remain on the trees until the
end of May, when they are stored in
subterranean grottoes. They are pro-
duced on clay soil, abounding in alkaline
and well decomposed organic matter.
In the sides of the mountains, near Pa-
ltermo.aXe.apaygrottoes that are cool and
well ventilated in .-whch oranges keep
nicely during the sum-Tj*r. They are
spread two different layers-3ftepupon
large mats '.placed at convenienits-
tances one above the other. Every day.
or two the fruit is turned over, and all
the defective ones are removed. This
fruit finds a home market.
The principal orange and lemon groves
are 'on the northern and eastern coasts.
The mountains along these shores rise in
bold headand..s frpm the sea, having a
narrow rip of land, the marine zone,
of a shady character. The soil of the
hillsides, the middle zone, is clayey. For
lack of wa'er for irrigation, oranges and
lemons are not grown to any extent on
the southern and western shores.

FLORIDA'S FAMOUS TREE. communicated specimens together with"
a report of his analyses, and the latter,
The q an N r after disposing of the Torreya of '
The Unique and Nearly Extinct Sprengel, which was proved to be a
Torreya Taxifolia. species of Clerodendron, and ignoring
The following sketch f Florida's rar-i sundry lesser Torreyas, transferred the
The following sketchautiful treeidas r ame to the Florida tree, and'published
est nnd perhaps most beautiful tree, by a full description and figure of it in An-

Cha-pman, of Apalachicola, appeared in nals of Natural History, Vol. 1, p. 126, .
the Botanical Gazette for April, 1885. As -
Dr. Chapman's name has been associated Since then, two other species, onetrom
with this tree since its discovery, it is California and one from Japan, .liave
eminently fitting that he should tell its been added to the genus, which, likt the
story. Therefore we prefer, though well Florida tree, appear to be confined to
acquainted with the Torreya and its restricted localities. Ours occupies' a
habitat, to present the following account narrow strip of lafld extending along the
of it by one who has known it longer and east bank of the Apalachicola river, from
more intimately than any o'her living Chattahoochee on the north, to Alum
man. Bluff on the south, a distance of about
Fifty years ago, on one of those calm, twenty miles, not forming a continuous
hazy October evenings peculiar to the forest, but in detached and often widely,
clima'e of Florida, the 'quiet of the pleas- separated clumps or groves, generally
ant town of Quincy was interrupted by mingled with, or overshadowed by,
the rapid approach of a carriage with at- magnolias, oaks and other native trees.
tendant outriders, which, having made There are, also, a few trees at the south-
part of the circuit of the public square, ern extremity of Cypress Lake, three
drew up before my office, and a gentle- miles west ot the river.
man of middle age, spare habit, light It is a wild, hilly region, abounding in
hair, and blue eyes, came forth and in- rocky cliffs and deep sandy ravines
produced himself as Mr. Croom, of North ("spring-heads") and unlike ije scenery
Carolina. cand vegetation any other part of the low
This was the commencement of my country known to me: To these cliffs,
brief intercourse with Hardy B. Croom, and to the precipitous sides of these
the discoverer of Torreya; for, as is well ravines, the tree appears to be exclusive-
remembered, a year afterwards he was ly confined; for it is never seen in the
lost at sea, with all of his family, on the low ground along the river, nor on the
passage from New York to Charleston. elevated plateau east of it, nor, indeed,
Of his personal traits it is needless here on level ground anywhere. Hence, a
to say more than that he belongedto. though the suggestion may appear a.-

ut two crops having been injured by FRUITrrrNG OF LEMONS.
the cold during the last twenty-years) to As yIu well know, there is a variety
I i gathering his fruit when it is still imma- of --mons here called the "lunare" (lu-
ture. Sicily oranges keep well for forty nar, or ever bearing), producing blos-
A1 \ AH :days. The fruit when gathered is al- sorms and fruit every month of the year.
f lowed to sweat in the groves from two When, however, during the Indian sum-
Sto three days, piled on the ground, cov- mer, rainy days are succeeded by dry,
ered over with tarpaulins. It is then clear waterr, lemon trees of different
Wrapped in tissue paper, boxed up and varetie Immrediat' ly put on blooms,
sent to the city. Upon reaching the ex- and if, ewing to ihe mildness of the sea-
porters' warehouses it is carefully in- son, t.hbfruit sets at the beginning of -
spected, wrapped in fresh paper, and re- winter,t will come to maturity in mid-
soon as packed. Lemo asare divided into two classes, the
/- PRESERVING IN SAND, ETC. true lea n and the bastard lemon. The
Gentlemen of my acquaintance tell true le n is produced by the April and
me that their fathers and grandfathers May blo 1ms; the bastard, by the irregu-
me that their fathers and grandfathers bloo of Febary, March, June and-
preserved oranges in sand for four and lar blooicd of February, March, June and
five months, merely for family use. July, wtilch depend upon the rainfall or A
GRAFTING ON SMALL ROOTS. This practice has entirely disappeared guarrrat a intensity othe seasons.
A B-Scions prepared in two ways for ingraft- It would not pay on a large scale, they he FLORIDA SAVIN-Toreya taxifoia.
Cg of roots.m say; such enormous warehouses would The tr4~ lemon requires 9 months to
c- Root trimmed for insertion. Showing fruit and (borne by distinct trees)
D-Insertion of root (the lower Bud being be- be required, and so great would be the reach maturity, from tho bloom inSe
low the surface of the ground). expense of handling the fruit. What a to the runtre fruit in January. There
storeroom would be necessary for pack- are but re harvests of the true lemon. that class of wealthy and intelligent startling one, were the tree of the whole
and presents an example of that sys- ing away in sand the contents of 10,00, The Novber-cu lemon is green in ap- Southern gentlemen, whose homes were region growing side by side in one body
temaic experimentation which is es- or even 1,000, boxes f oranges. pearancandnot fullyripe. Lemons o .abodeof all that is most charming in I estimate that a area of fewhundred
sential to the rapid development of Preserving oranges in bran has been this cut the most highly praised; they the refinements of domestic life areas would suffie to contain all of
Florida's resourt that time I was a mere tyro in them. cl o
Florida's resources. tried. but it proved too beating. I have possess markable keeping qualities, ban rol amon ethe "an ro It iseldom more than forty feet high,
With stch workers inhe field as Dr. heard of a successful shipment o or an are amiably preserved in boxes in botany, gropingamon the andri e" of It iseldom more than forty feet high, of
Neal, Prof. Dubois and Baron von Lut- anges packed in beat sawdust. The wareholes frTo November until March, rEatons Manua attracted thereto by the a eighteen reenn exhibited ob .
tichau, we shall soon kno whatFlorida's vessel carrying this cargo left Messina sometind even as late as May, and then stra nge vegetation of a new and unex- a r t is xibt ies bg
capabilities are as regards viticulture, in December and reached St. Petersburgd shipped. he second cut occurs in De- plored country that met my view on all most treines of the order. Its branch
Dr. Neal's letter is accompanied by a in May Spanish grapes packedincork- cembernd January. Lemons of the idesand had recently tered u ar e in whorls, and spread horizontally, -
er neat drawing. which Dr. zner has tree sawdust keeps from September to Jan uar must be shipped three friendly and instructive correspodenc graduallys, diminish t he ma nner of the northernup-
reproduced on wood as shaov. arch. Preserving oranges by the weeks .g ring. The third cut with Dr. Tery, which was continued wards, in thmanner the northern
Erap ,orida-Farme. .andTr.uit ir-Goer u es sINuLpu or lab nesv t- ou s MrnAApril. -This fruituntil isdet h.a .hemlock. It is called Savin,-, or Sti nking
Edr.tor florida e.and Fmi-Caer: fumes of sulphur has-never been at-. P'-L Mr Croomwcusthenonone o his-an- Cedar (the latter on account of its strong
Te plarticled on aft g i the first Te-tempted here;, it is though ht that the: Is shipp a soon as gathered, spring. Mr. rom was then on one of hisae ten
The article on grafting in the first .. t s hgt 'e b 'lfway'i. nual journeys from New Berne, North and disagreeable tereblntbine odorwhen
number of .our paper ts a method fumes would cause the fruiteto dry up. prices -b o' ~-or r lemin Carolina, the of teefi, a sed names he also applied, Ibelieve,
number of your paper omotsa method The ma'urin g of oranges and plemonsI T .heh' .ith h Caropnar the residence of thme family, to. bruised),ti s a
.that has proven very sucssful in, my is affected by the altitude, the latitude, prn r octerz pmtui,.ean his plantation in the adjoining county of to the Florida Yew (Taxus loridana),
hands. I graft two-bud cuttings of theo l is sie ea n cain l ealits d pres Penrt aracterized pecusrties Leon ; but previously to settling perma- a rarer tree, which is sometimes seen
Black Hamburg with small fbrous roots ular rainfall and by the nature of theicalantr the nently In that county, he had rented a growing with it. e i
o the Vills rolund.folia['he common ular afar and y the nature of thecal andrakedteir inner skin is plantation cn the west bank of the But its chief value is due to the re-
smooth-barked specieil d The junction il ., ine and adheres tenciously to the meat. Apalachicola river, opposite the dalcar- markable durability of its wood when
is cover-d with a ball of we l-workp d S cly is mountainous inh character, These bastards are hard, rich in acid, eous cliffsat Asplaga on the east bathk exposed to the vicissitudes of climate;
cla the cutting buried leain and is agronomically divided into three and seedless. The bastard lemon, pro- which at that time were covered by a for it is credibly reported ,that some
only, te top bud ont f the ground zones. First the Marnil zone in wbich duced from the bloom-of -the first of dense grove of Torreya, and it was here, fences constructed of it sixty years ago
Ninety fiveper cent live and doel fruit ripens earliest second, the Middle June, is still green the following April, probably in 183, that he first saw it. still remain in sound condition. In
The ild grapes make asplendidAtock zoneextending from- 500 to 000 feet and ripens only towards tbe end of Juy; Recognizing it as likely to be new, at consequence of this peculiarity itisnow
for the nra. One Black Hamburg above the sea level; third, the Mountain it remainson the tree over a year. This atleastto our Flora, he sent a flowerless extensively employed by the inhabitants
grew 16 feet last season on a three-year zone, were the temperature is too low lemon sells well in summer. Besides the branch to Mr. Nuttall, who briefly of- the surrounding country for posts,
old bullace. and the climate too damp for citrus March and June bastards there are yet noticed it in theJournalof Philadephia shingles, and other exposed construe-
I am somewhat of an enthusiast on the culture. : others.that remain on the trees from 12 Academy, Vol. VII, pc.96, withthensug- tions. In view of these facts, it is'.to be
grape, especially our native varieties. I Th si INFLUENCE OF SOIL. to months. t gestion that it might be the Taxws mon- feared tbat the Torreya is destined o
am planting seeds of the Thomas, Ten- The soil has a great influence upon t he tr e lemon can be left on the iree of Mexico. ultimate extinctip .n.. ".
derpup Pedee etc., and hoe to fruit a maturig and keeping qualities of un the l end of May or rst weekin At the time of our firstmeetingin188 Let us indulge the hope that the in-
thousand orsoin theefforttogetaseed- orange and lemon. The fruit ripens Jutine,:buit interferes with the new crop, it. appears that he had made the ac- terest which is. :beginning -to bemani-
ling as good as the Pedee that will ripen earlier on light sandy soil than on strong rops ff .from over-maturity, and is quaintance of Dr. Torrey in New York, tested regard. to the preservation o
as late as'October or November, and from clay soil. Fruit grown on i:light sandy ab e to be..attackad by insects. The and had supplied him with specimens in our forests generally; may resulin.m
this to get a hybrid with some of the V. soilcannot beleft long en the trees with- bastards, onthe contrary. withstand bad flower and fruit; and it was during the measure. statutory .rotherwi.e for-its
vinifera and Caribaca species, that out is deteriorating- in quality-becom- weather and the parasites; they mature previous summer, an-dat the latter's re- preservation. .- -
will be as good as the Pedee and as ing dry end spongy; whereas on- stiff from June toctober. It is estimatedquest for additional':information and n. .. W _
hardy, so-we can have a late grapefthar clay it can remain with impunity until that .f6ur times as many .oranges are- material, .that my connection with the A-.interesting Discovery.,
wilt sell in New York in December. the end of April. The latest fruit to lost in- the grovesand warehouses as- tree-commenced. To the four or five tree palms already
Prof. Munson, of Denison, -Texas, is ripen isthat produced on the upper lim- lemons. ood drainage is, o. course, His flrst impressions were, I believe, known to grow in Florida must now be
fiuiting seedlings from Texas and Ar- its of the middle zone-the trees growing moat essential in 'orange and lemon cul- that it might be a species of Podocarpus, added another, which in one respect is
kansas grapes, and writes me that-he has in s'iff clay soil-which can remain on tIu-re.. N.o.r, O: ,a1 ''. but thesd,- after a minute analysis of all more interesting than any of the others.
a full list, that are not named, ripening the trees until the end of June without MSI, Sicily, : its parts, he-sob abandoned, and came As soon asan illustration can e pre-
from June to October, some hybrids, drying up, or becoming hard and to the conclusion that it constituted the pared we shall introduce this tree to our
One variety is "old gold" when ripe. I spongy. -Itmust, however, be gathered Some very fine ginger has been grown ;typ of :a new genumis among the Taxoid readers by- its new botanical name, at
shall exchange with him, but 'my .ex- in July; should it be left longer on the at Dr. Harris' place on the south bank of Conifers, a conclusion also entertained the' same time giving a full description
periments with the peach from Texas trees, it would injure the new crop. the Caloosahatchee river. It compares by his friend and correspondent, Dr. of it and an account of its discovery.-
(G. Ondek-donk's varieties) show me that Fruit grown on a light sandy soil is favorably within any from Jamaica. Arhotf, -of Edinburgh, to whom he had A; H. C.

'.-- K -A- ',

I "

S 10





Sicilian Methods of Utilizing
( What Goes to Waste Rlere.
The following valuable treatise on the
minor products of the lemon and orange
groves of Sicily 'appeared originily in
the Florida Times-Union, and was co-
pied into various other journals.Although
L it had a wide reading at the time we
think it well worthy of reproduction,
r_ and that most of our readers will be
glad to have ifin convenient shape for
preservation, in connection with the
1'per by the same writer, which ap-
pears on the preceding page.
MESSINA. Sicily, March 11, 1886.
H C11. -Jones,-Esq, Editor Times-Union:
DEAR SIR-Yours of the 15th ultimo
received. The fruit growers and ex-
porters here have collapsed again. Their
jubilations over our January freeze was
intense, but of short duration. The Flor-
"ida orange is the nightmare of these
I enclose a short account of the Sicil-
ian method of extracting essential oil
-- (essence) from the peel of tie lemon, etc.
Very truly yours,
The Sicilian'method of extracting the
essential oil essencee) frpm the peel of
the lemon,'sweet orange,' sour orange
'and bergarnot is as follows:
The operative with three strokes of a
sharp knife peels the lemon lengthwise,
then cuts-it in two and throws it into a
basket.- The peel falls into an eathern
Splatter below the chopping.block. Be-
fore the 'ssence is extracted the peels
are soaked 15 minutes in water, which
causes them to swell and offer a greater
Srsistance when pressed against the
sponge. In his left hand the operative
S holds a sponge, through which, that be
may grasp it the more firmly, runs-a
piece of reed, cane. The peel, piece by
piece, is pressed against the sponge two
S three times-in succession, simple pres-
sure being supplemented by rotary pres-
-sure.; The rushing of fthe oil cells liber-
:ates the essence therein contained. The
sponge whdUfull of essence is squeezed
-- A--.-hn v.i -io +tht th onera-

feet in diameter; in their centre is a hole
6 inches in diameter; their' outer edge
turns back a half-foot. These mats are
filled with peeled lemons, and piled .one
on the other. A following block is
placed on top of these mats. These
presses have two wooden screws, firmly
set in masonry, about 6 feet apart.
There is a tap for each screw; the taps
are worked down by hand-lever. The
juice flows from the bed of the press
into tubs. If the juice is to be exported
raw, sound lemons only are pressed; if
the juice is to be boiled, which is gener-
ally the ease, 25 per cent. of spoilt-
lemons may be used. Lemon juice does
not keep well unless boiled. Sound fruit
when pressed yields a slightly perfumed
yellowish juice. The riper the fruit the
thicker the juice. The lemons remain
in the press twelve hours. Independent-
ly of the intrinsic quality of the lemons,
the amount of juice and its degree of
acidity varies from month to month.
The yield is 'greatest in the spring, but
of less acidity, owing to the winter
There is a machine for cutting up the
lemons, but the Sicilians are wedded to
their old methods of hand labor.
In 1885 the concentrated lemon juice
exported from Messina was valued $298,-
707, of which $49,203 worth was shipped
to the United States.
Taxes in Italy are very onerous. Man-
ufacturers, fearing an increase of taxa-
tion', should the extent of their business
become known, are so reticent that it is
impossible to ascertain accurately their
profits from the lemon juice industry.
It may be safely said,however, that their
profits are very handsome.
Concentrated lemon ju'ce is quoted at
$160 a pipe (105 gallons).
Concentrated bergamot juice is quoted
at $130 50 a pipe (105 gallons).
Mr. Moreau de Saint Mery's receipt
for making
Boil the peels of- forty oranges in ten
quarts of water until the water tastes
strongly of the-peefs. Add twelve quarts
of orange juice and thirty-six quarts of
sugar. When cold pour into a barrel;
leave the bung out during the fermenta-
tion, which lasts forty days, and keep
the barrel hung full; then close the bar-
rel and let the wine settle for two
months. Two days before bottling add
a small handful of orange flowers to give
f---~ ~ ~ 4+. ia Ism'win

the green olives are pickled for our late, jured as th smaller groves. The worst
and the natives let them hang all winter of the mater is that the trees are. so
to ripen and mellow for their use. In badly injurd that it will take nine years
the general appearance an olive grove on of propitious weather before the, crop
the hillside looks much like an old apple will be a again. It will be but
orchard, except that the foliage is a soft- little improved next year. Only a par-
er and grayer sage green, tial production will come the following.
When seen for the first time by a pil- If nothing happens to prevent, the third
grim from the Western world, where the year should see a fair crop. A large
olive is not regarded in a commercial proportion of the. Louisiana crop last
view, it possesses a touch of sacredness, year was shipped North, but there is not
and when at night the servant built us a enough now for home consumption, and
fire of olive logs we felt it a desecration, New Orleans will be compelled to de-
but we shall long remember our gather- pend on California and Florida."
ings about ancestral hearthstones, where
we were comforted on many chilly
nights by the warmth and glow of our g riq aqd arden
olive fires, such as no other wood can
impart. There hangs over the trees,
even in sunshine, a certain misty, droop- SUGAR CANE.
ing asp'ect,such as a coming shower often
casts over a distant landscape, which
gives an olive grove a sombre, pensive General Directions for its Cul-
feeling, quite in keeping with our ideal tivation.
These mountains, which the labor of BY A JEFFERSON FARMER.
generations has made to yield abundant The first prerequisite is a good quality
harvests of oil and wine to gladden the of land, that is, not too rich or too poor.
heart of man, and. make his face to Old land well cow-pened is the very best
shine, are most sterile, and were former- for a good crop of cane. Break it thor-
ly as unpromising to the land speculator oughly each way with a long twister, or
as any rocky New Hampshire farm. subsoiler. The latter is far preferable,
When we saw the hard toil arid slow but it is not in the possession of every
progress of the Italian peasants in their farmer.
pioneer work to prepare the ground for. When this work is well done lay off
future olive harvests, we felt one locality your rows four feet apart. Open the
of the earth had little advantage over row from four to six inches deep with
another. It is true that Italy enjoys a a' large shovel-piow. Then strip the
longer summer than New England, and cane, haul and cut to the proper lengths,
has not the hard frost to stop the pro which is from twelve to twenty inches.
cesses of vegetable growth, but even Drop with the ends lapped a few
here fruits and flowers do not grow by inches, so as to insure a good stand.
their own sweet will, but the harvest is When ready, use a compost made of
commensurate with the labor and dili- equal amounts of cotton seed and stable
gence of the husbandman. manure. I find this better than all cot-
The laborers were breaking up the ton seed or stable manure. First, the
ledges, sifting the debris two or three stable manure will stimulate the4 young
times to assort the fragments, saving the plants in their young growth, and about
largest to terrace the hills, by walls built the middle of the season it will be nearly
so close together, that, as we looked up, exhausted, when the cotton seed will
the whole mountain seemed one contin- take its place and keep it growing until
uous stone embankment. They bring frost. I use of this compost ftom one
soil from the river beds, sand and sea- hundred to one hundred and fifty bush-
weed from the beaches, manure from els per year, according to the quality of
the barnyard, to make the bed in which land, put two-thirds of the amount on
to plant young trees; and next they at planting, and the other third at first
must dig wells in the eternal founda- working.
tions to irrigate the tender saplings dur- After the cane is dropped and manured
ing five or six months of the year, and cover with a long scooter running from
each year much of this work must be re- six to eight inches deep. This will break
peated the land thoroughly and leave it in a
Ae _i _hn ,., .- i ._ fl i -wfi .1-

into i aun eartern. vesse uOau m oea fragrance to the wine. l rangett VV ne good receUve t rs wor i .
tive holds in his lap. .It is the outside improves with age and acquires the taste ing. When the cane makes ijts first_&p"_-
of the. peel that is pressed against the of the Malvaria of Madeira. It bears Hints on Orange CUlture. pearanc as tfoif-the-4idge with" the c
sponge, as the oil glands are in- the epi- transportation well. It competes with The following maxims of a Louisiana hee'i'Thiswill break the hard crust that e
carp. The operative is expected to press Curac6a and other alcoholic,, aromatic .orag rower aearOr- has formed over it and enable the plants c
the peel so thoroughly that not one shall beverages of'Southern France and Italy. a Ti .. the to come through with more ease.
escape. This can be ascertained by bold- .Delicious whtte and pink orange cor- whole, a rett-'sound, but we surmise After the iapse of eight or teu days
ing the pressed peel to the flame of a dials arc made in the Greek Island of that-t iheret, had been fewer seedling the remaining one third of manure may
candle; if it neither cackles nor affects Cephalonia. nd mor. ui be applied along on the drill. Then side
the flame the cells are empty. The to lowing is.. an exi- ,ree and mor that ctatu e would" th a large thovel- plow running just
This process yields along with the es- lent reire for making te growers of that State would with a ge iing
sencela smaU quantity of juice and fee- have suffered less than they did by last close enough to adumit of covering the
cia (dregs). The feecia -is composed of ONOS FLWER Y winter's trost. The writers statement manume deep andk the middle with
the membraneous residue of the oil cells Soak a pound of.,-ange flower leaves in regard to the comparative hardiness the same deep and thtion roughly. to
and the resinous substances transfused in water t.w..'Ty-foir liour;, change the of seedlings is contrary to our personal As the ting is very essentia, I will
thioughou "the epi6arp of the lemon waa.t1-i boil to a good constenc.y, experience : the harvesting is very essential, I will
and orange. It is of a mucilagino sprinkle well with cold wa'er, spread on I prefer good hunmmock land for urge the planter to use nothing but the
consistency, and of a paFe color. -s a cloth ans ft two pounds of fine sugar oranges. --- sep, an then very lghtl, never go-
not beenanal cheaicUyA-t'o date. over them; spread out on dishe. Leave Budded trees will make u earlier, ing ovEr twd twoand on-halinh jice thnde dishes in the shade for a week, that but sedhings ill stand cold much bet- deep. oen the cane i neth further

du tern vesselsare notdturbed spread it on sheets of white paper, and field ore abundant fun Al things loose earth i the tate cof weather.
--c~ tfn t~ u c e a n d b e d r .g s o ff e r fo r.s a le cEo n s id e re d I :m g la d t e la rg p a rt o f e tc T h is w ill s u ,.ie u n ttil it n e eU7ot
e threepro-. grove is adeof seedlings. ing, which in the couaseronfwy
du@. a!dh ~f ttdfrnt hdennsi Efderv~d-framw ofuf ,,.iU.. U. Con sul. Keep your trees well prunedJ or fifteeji days, according to tbe method
e..-it Lth:on.afioth-'. .-_ -. -. _I,- F tihzng will always pay.even on of plowing and the State of weather.
-_which.:are--herme..caly.esed. After- bo. r and DiligenceALor. he rih bu w andst lands- b Ncvber arlow it to-become grassy so been expressed th pees ITALY REAL AND commodities of ndein full bloom. Yo uld get large shovel plow otake the turn-plow
ion t manure pe and andre lrotted a. br" Ibelieve indor strhaow powngase ino the one ith reeae furrows ts t.he row,
or they would makei too heatg a i he enjoyment of these luu- grove. with a stcovi,t up. Thiz ligs heleaso. hy
-.l-lth- ak. tShl=sinnohoweverawn 0 a- w e r ach y.'..'. Cla "r ..n t .... s6t much cane insruined-orofiecked'whilte
whidlih.a e 9-he6met0ally sealed.- Afte bor and Diligence. tIthwould be well 'to plat nothing in young. Keep i.t clean. and when you
tie e bergihas bessence pressed the p eets ro your ginrohe bu- c t 'pas, an rti thm thnk ppe break -inh middle wit
are gid (to extract what littlejuitcen F rodbably one of the commodities of nderin o full boom. Y0ond oet a large s hovel plow one furrow. This
ne se tilo A- e. -well ne rottd row and eates3 adequate compensation itimas. y beod pon ing nwill xt bequ ime, an ih must the

In a bergamot essence establishment ries,' however, we are prone to attach Clean culture has not prvd d to t The next and final plowing must be
at Reggio. on the mainland. I recently poetical associations to the scenes of that it is the best. done with a 22 or 28-inch sweep, going

Power, has also been oivented, but the y uc illusions are due in a measure to allowed to roost intlhe tiees the team that hauls, Another advan-
primitive method of hand work s the superficial manner in which travelers. Never throw away an orange eed, but tage,- and a very essential one is, that
gen ryal d o e snce isvery variable, are ne to write of scenes in foreign plant it and rise a tree that cay benefit there are no alleys to receive the blades
Immature lemons Aontain the most o y cities and ity people, .methods f Keep a good e. rsery on nd, culti- better protected from frost and the se-
travel,andthelike;an they s li- ateand runet wthcare and youe t byfrost is
ncsof Messenc10eaon r ked ainsofu4ie tiei o ^n f r l, pro f w n r -. When sighy touched by frost et is
ounces dof essencaied 1 ond g fie theseolln eod f prd ion. Se o etrreesro January n toMarch the best time to commence grinding.
'thi ; ise-ar nd .o te rinSh ences *ex.. s, auu ae du, iaeu aledtourees f treoes. anryt st lethalhun ,s ... n ter a a"

nth t ar op The popular ndea of taly i de reI do i and from un ly i ae rthrea e you ma kre o
er tr bk Ioflmon pael mainly from tie raphsodiea ofpoets and always there ais plenty of s eain about a start, so that therewi he no cofusion
express three baskets ac day heism litting atouiNs ewh, as-arul, shrin h k tem. -, or delay. Five men and a boy are all
peid 1'd c oa ess encedy v ie frma therude realities of eere day life Watch very closely all yo out the that are required in a judiciousl con-

malurblem h ot tnhon taiors are os el. and from every Ing than is not ens- frst year, when the weather y, anid ted .dn e en n. st a ,
atched, arle mons t ingldnious int nantrwthdtheir ideal;oftheileland of ,ir- water them just before th need t hoaulh one

Bergamot essence $2 45 per pound in the fieldante. WeIt hjars on our ideal of Italy A lazy man cannot succeed i the en
Sweet orange essence $80 per pound, to thinkaso, but i ond the sea, where If you o arsu orage business. .Editor oridaFarmer and ttGrower:
-9 uo fhisc sm e r w guitar sits under the orange e tree." To Fancy varietiesof fruit are tty but have madevfrom three to five barrels of

osh ofned direct tothe United Stpates' every ond taan maid who speeds dher ,me i like the good old staple ore ha ea b sYru P dYay.eneno
T rem seneias qutoed hermo tnavaey at in playing the guitar, woe venture e to say t Y can always be doing s omethiig to
$2 4 9per poundsoa0 pound..H is o therutare a hundredothe mai c hoehing dvantag hrin your ggrove.T ckdeGa rde ni an d
m sene a in the field. Ita correspondento f the Portland, A utlazy man cannofrui t succe in rthe ll cultivated general pays Garden-
Sw ebtl esspea.. ar.n p lr ose to think o r but ideals aretsubject to jars orange business. oe BYe"F.ea"tpp u te rindi g; e anditop

Six me wok up 8,00 lemon a day, artly in ithe neillusation of this idea, bittae for il he say you handsomely iy. crned. Inn the g Wil ga g p Census
twonds and cutt containing off the eels while fourds of e- more for the AN OmatVE on coeyA run to make awas bein taken,out of thee hundred
sentract the essnc e of uice and obtain: quoe the follow Aingll along the way the peasants weren- L wa na ysshipping good fruit. Fa families ot thirty ha any garden. Now

84 gallons of juice r butsy trimming their vines and weigting A Neiw Orleans, La., special says: it is doubtful if thirty families can be
Lemoneels, valued at 980up twerex- he soil a correspound the o the Portland Put up youisiana oritangreat care and well cultivated generno a garden. Then
netprotof 6. Speculators frequent- Dai Press. The scenes described be sure Laourch boxes and other parishe in hundreds are raising for Northern mars -
Six men work up 8,000 lsence, but today, hesare enrich the soil. It is tghborhoodught the cholera which orages are principally grown, ets th
two cfrauds are easily detected. was spr ead all along the Riviera by these say the crop is a complete failure this But does it pay? A few are makingitthe en
Lemons grown on lay soil yield more are imported from te Eat year. It usually aeraes fromthirtyto pay, but most of them realize very lit-
ssce an thosf e pn calcaous A drove alongway these hihlpeasans of a fifty msilons a year, but will not be one tie for their l abor. The reasons arden. Now
S"essence. busy tru ing their u vines and digging A New Orleans, La., speiae says: it is doubtful if thirty families can be

or rocky, after deduction the cost of la up thgravel soil. around faed ove tree north million the Louis year, inge consequence of the usualou. One did not use any fertilizer, or

4 EXTRACT OF LEMON JdsTOE s by the cold-winds from snowy moun- severe freeze last winter.p Theinfew is planted too late, or did not cultivate
Closely connected with the extraction tain peaks, and on the south roots, and marketed about thifrom every Reportion of properly. The slipshod manner in a market
Soof essence from the lemon and berg- ut in greating bquantiretiezes of the Mediand a- Caasin, the, State. Bernard, St. Mplarces wher- outside of their own doneighboll prove unsatis-

lmot is the extraction of lemon and berse iusfelt their substances of, awia the inhabitanure ts hundred barrels were obtained last yeasin hundreds arend unractising for Northern mark-ll
gamot juice. Whe te juice has beenrich say, that cholera is than exotic, ande choler a which oranges are l will be secured. The that may be aded will very little,
concentrated by boin cla sil called gore a s spread all along the Region era by these say freeze rof he water did leterrible damage, do what theyay? A few are
or rock scill. As we drove along these highlands of a fifty millions a year, y but willnot be one tleyor their labor. The reasons arevari-

coto. Lemons unftor exportation are lationsil and faned o the north milling limbs year, in consequence the cuing To suee did n gardse aeny feg or truck, or
used for this purpose the womednds fchildren were shaking of reeze last winterood as to almost farmingted too late, or did not cultivate
SClosely conecteThe method in use iwit a the extraction a rpeaks, blacknd olives into sheets spr ad destroy-the trees. There is absolutely from acres to rods, and annerwhat in which
S pof essence from the lemon and berga- vigorating breezestofhtheiMeditrranean, the State. w In some places where five the work isUl done:will prfve. unsatis-

the marble bed of the press are super- upon the ground.. As the green oranges no crop, none of the trees bearing prop- must be well done. _Instead of having
posed nine mats (made of bulrushes) 8 and lemons are shipped to America, so erly. Large plantations are as badly in- fifty crates of unsalable vegetables, it is
,niht soil. Itis"-thought-thech---era"w--" h ora- are, p r c-' pally gr-" n.'- t ".








ALL VA.RiEticE; o'


Binds.rot Ila-cedL o) ,msil t,:,k3, sif On -xri

We anRe niia6peciity of 0tie

t .. -t lth les vrhe irt known, ..
"*.1" -- .- ..-: *, r t -,
and can show trees of tb-o latter, rlatistood the
cold last winter a,'-well as the Orange; d. n

Send for Citalgic-.

P. 0.

Witrer Park, Fla.


on LeConte and Keifer Pear Trees, Figs,
Moore's Early Grapes, etc., to the ..
Monticello, Fla.



Fine sour stocks, budded.with best varieties.
Nursery on high pine land. Trees carefully
packed and deliovred at shipping point in Pa-
latka, at the following prices:
% inch' in diameter, 25 cents each; $200 per
inch in. diameter, 85 cents each; $800 per
1, inch in diameter, 45 cents' each; 400 per
W. C. HARGROVE, Prop'r
Palatka, Fla.



218 and-220 Washington Street,
(Estrablished 1853.)

Prompt Returns Rendered. Stencils

on ap-


a Specialty.
-Ten well-tested varieties ripening from May
tll last of October, with the exception of the
Honey and Peen-To varieties. The peaches I
offer have been obtained by CABEPULSELEOTION
from a large number of varieties adapted to the
South with which I have been experimenting for
many years. I also offer our variety f Apricot,
the best of ix which I have cultivated-
I guarantee every tree to be true to name and
to be of tre Florida took.
For descriptive catalogue and pco-list, ad-
dress W. P..HORNE,
Glen St. Mary, Florida,



Practice, etc.
will be contributed to by persons who have made
spectalties of those branches.
All portionsof the Sltate will receive adue
amount of attention, and their interests will be
represented by able correspondents. '
Under no circumstances will thisjournal be-
come the "organ" of any association or locality;
it will start out untrammelled and will repre---
sent aU sections and interests with absolute Im-
partiality. ..- .

Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday .
of each week.

One Year 12' 00
Sis Months 1 00 -
Three Months 50

Address subscriptions and other business corn- "-
manications to ;
.Communications for the editorial' aepazrtmnt,
should be addressed to -
S ao k onve.

. -'


better to have crates of fine, first-
lass vegetables that will bring more -in
market than the fifty with only 6ne fifth
;he expenses for freight and commis-
ion. If truck farming were managed,
i the same manner around large cities
s we do they would not yield
ay the interest on rents. Then let us
ave better quality and quantity. Every
ne knows this is the best way and says
e is going to do better next year.
I want to say a word, for the birds.
Vhile some of my neighbors are shoot-
ng birds and pickiriw orms off their
vegetables, I let the birds alone and they
re picking off -the worms. I don't al-
ow birds shot on my place.
DUNEDIN, Hillsborough Co., Fla.
December 10, 1886

Protection Against Frost.
BY 0. H. G.
Editor Flo'ida Farmer and F-uit-Grower:
A simple, cheap.and effectual protec-
ion against frost may be had by a prop-
r use of "light-wood" and sawdust.
laul both arid place in convenient piles
throughout the vegetable patch before
he field or garden is planted. Then
'hen the crop is up and in danger of
oss by frost, watch the thermometer,
nd when you see it pulling rapidly be-'
ow 40 deg. go into your field or garden,
build fires of the "light-wo6d," and when
t is burning brightly, smother' the
lames with a few shovelfuls of saw-
ust, not enough to put the lire out, but
enough to create a dense column of
moke, which will spread over the field
,nd prevent any injury from frost.
The writer has tried this plan with
perfect success. Last March, on one
old frosty night, with the temperature
at 80 deg., he saved, with twenty fires
turning, three acres of Irish potatoes
rom being cut down. Less than five
per. cent. of the plants were touched,
while in other fields whole crops were
ost that night. The pine woods are full
of "light-wood" and nearly every settle-
ment has its saw-mill.

Keep Your Hoes Sharp.
A hand hoe which is never ground wi 1
wear much better than one which fre-
quently comes in contact with the grind-
tone, but the extra amount of labor
hat can be performed with the sharp
implement will be sufficient to pay for a
new hoe every three days to say nothing
iTThe saving of muscle. It is poor
economy to work with a dull axe, scythe
or hoe.

--i o niliinn n rp-.Aip. tp ti~t w L*C


Farr r -


Weetig JoltiRal,









This journal will have for its leading object
the promotion of rural industries in Florida, and
will advocate especially a more diversified and
tenEiv s67eieni t of agriiiltnture and greater-
ec.:-nomy of hoine roeourcee.
A-iruing that the agreicultur'iladaptationeof
a large p:rtir, ..f Flornd' are a8 yet but imper-
fetly undrit..:...J, a peci.:iil an' of tia journal
wil be t.. defrrbe tne bet resulLts which have '
beien accomplished, with the exact methods etm- _-
ployed, and all in uence- aifecting such results;
alo tol. c.igg, st eapErinimnt, describe newor little ,-
known .F;op, truit. et:., anao l-d ,'ti-dra-iogr
Of agriculture n neighboring oetates.
Cot'uneulnl wiith hib IIll'- bllllber and con -
tiniLng through the sea-on for '

Tree -Planting,
There? will be q oerie to farticlje on Ifruits-other -
Wi'n tLhoe O' th ctru giro'p-wiuch' have e'd moEt asuces,;u'l n thi Stite "Each'a "a'
riu, will be deslcrbed and

..Illustrated,: -
Andherewill ben .fro d'.o .I
*had exp~ieheneeieaits' iviat, i'6 Ttii. ,-ill e'pa .

:... ':,..:.17.0-eii?

And other ubjecteaWill4eJ Ik
ulich'attencoti All'v1 be doted 'o -

Live Stoqk T
And to the home production of forage and ferti- __
zers, two economies which are essential to sue-'
cesslul farming.
Questions relative to ailments of domestic
animals will be answered by an able veterinary
surgeon who forinerly edited a like department
of the .. .. .

Turf, Field and Farm.
-A due amount of space will. be devoted to '
household economy and to reports of the mar-
klets, and the departments of
Truck-Gardening, /
Floricultuire, p

elgi and rcne .:.DeI .




1/rm Jimtwjn ent


I--Details of Work Preliminary
to Plowing.
Editor Florida Farmer and F,-it-Grower:
I propose to give my method of bring-
ing the common pine land of this coun-
try into a suitable condition for raising
fruits and vegetables suited to the
climate. To do this intelligently would
--maIke an article too long for your col-
umn&. I therefore propose to write sev-
eral a-ticles on this subject, which I
think is -of much importance to those
coming from other sections of the coun-
try, where everything is so entirely dif-
In these articles, I shall tell how I do
it here, and the reader must bear in
mind, that with different surroundings,
and under other circumstances, the mo-
dus would haye to be very much modi-
fled, or perhaps entirely changed. For
instance, I ate-within two miles of Pen-
sacola, where rtan procure large quan-
tities of oyster shells -for making lime. I
can get, from the saw mill near by,
quantities of ashes, theresuiz -f burning
the slabs and refuse lumber.
I use both the lime and ashes
because our pine lands are deficient in
both lime and potash, which must be
supplied in some form before we can
grow satisfactory crops. Under differ-
ent circumstances I should use commer-
cial lime instead of the shells, and
kainit instead of the ashes.
I will also state, that in Pensacola
there is a good demand for cord wood
and much of the timber is sold off the
land in that shape. In other situations
it might be better to convert it into
charcoal, or make it into rails, or to burn
it on Ihe ground.
I will .,tite that mine is the ordinary,
high, dry, pine land of the country, de-
ficient in lime, potash and humus. The
growth is long-leaved pine, with an uin-
dergrowth of black-jack, white oak,
running vines, saw palmetto, and wire
grass. I am at this time preparing ten
acres for cultivation, and will proceed to
tell as plainly as possible how I shall
dol t. ..
-For the ten acres I shall want a thous-
and bushels of shell lime, which I shall
burn on the-land.- -This will require five
heaps, each containing one hundred
barrels, or. twenty one-horse cart loads
of shells.
The shell heaps are made in this way:
Selecting a spot where the pines of a
suitable size grow near each other, a
sufficient number are cut down, and cut
into lengths of twelve feet. Two of the
largest are then placed parallel with each
other and ten feet apart. Upon these a
floor of logs is laid, and upon the floor ,
wall of logs is built up three ft-et high,
securely notched down as in building a
jog lihouse. This is then filled in with
shells, ai--ii,'ill-Id off. when ano her
floor is laid as before, aud the wval built
up three feet highe;-,-again filled with
shells and covered with logs as before,
upon which a few movie loads of shells
may be thrown.
Now trim up all the tops and large
limbs of the trees which have been cut
downto form the pen, and set them up
on end all airound-the heap, throwing
the brush on thetop, and your shell
heap is finished. In a few weeks it will
S be sufficiently dry to burn, and can be
easily fired-'at the bottom.. The shell
heaps finished, all'tlek remain ingg im nber
'- is cut down, split into cord woo6d. and
S- hauled off the land and spld. -I usually
S get twenty c0rd froiaiii acr_.-anid'the
price'ib'Pensacola is about' two' dollars
and a half a cord.' .
-' The next thing Is to cut. upall the tops
and limbs and put them in suitable
S piles ready to burn, taking care not to
place any _eaps too near the fence or the
shell heaps Af'ter plowing a space at
S least ten feet wide around the fence, and
also cleaning up well around the shell
heaps, i(for we are not ready to burn
them yet), we apply the torch, and keep
things hot until all the he'al, are con-
The-land is now clean, with the excep-
tion of the bushes and such chips as were
not burned with the brush heaps. The
bushes and palmettoes must now be
carefuUly giubbed up, and gathered in
S heaps, upon which the remaining chips
and trash must be placed, and burned as
soon as sufficientl7dry. If the work
has been properly done your ten acres
now look clean and smooth, aprid seem
S to be ready for the plow; but-6ne more
thing of importance yet remains to be
done. -
k,.-- Examine every stump in the field, and
Scut close 3o the- stump every root which
S comes within four inches of the surface.
After being cut loose from the stump
the root can be ea-ily ripped up from the
ground, when they should" be bitit into
.. lengths of three or four feet and burned.
i" Now you are ready for the plow.
i In a future article I will tell how to
put the ten acres in fine condition for the
first crop, Ihe most desirable crop to
-- plant, how to fertilize and cultivate the
same; and also thie probable profits. for
the land must and will pay the expense
of bringing it up, from a condition of
sterility to"one of remunerative fer-
tiSyCOLA, Florida, Dec 20, 1886.

Col posting Oak and Pine
^ Special elements of fertility, like pot-
:-' ash Jn the shape of ashes or kainit, can
be used to best advantage in the prepa-
;" ration of composts. The benefit thus
F. derived from them is both direct and in-
'" "direct. When mixed with the bulky
f"-"-"' ,vegetable substances or peatv earths of a
c. o -compost heap in a moist state, it acts
:;*- chemically on the whole mass and rap-
idly reducesit to a proper condition for
is'i-. 'assimilation Ity the roots of growing
cr.- o "cr"ps'ortrees. '
"'-* .TheeinbUfthern Cultivator answers'as
. '" follbw1sa' in -quigy -relative to the com-
i.' 'posting of cotton seed with "oak leaves

p& :. "1 .

and pine straw raked and hauled from
the woods in November and December."
Oak leaves and pine straw coiId not
be rotted in an ordinary compost, such
as you mention, and in the time spoken
of, except in very small quantity. Pre-
sumably you wish to use 'hem in large
quantity; in that event it would be bet-
ter to c-impost them by themselves with
lime, ashes and salt, and in spring, when
ready to be applied, mix such compost
with the cotton seed compost. To every
six two-horse wagon loads of leaves and
straw add 'en bushels of quick lime,
slacked with water saturated with salt.
Dampen the leaves and mix the lime
thoroughly with them; put in pens and
tramp moderately firm, and cover with
rich. earth. If you can get ashes use five
bushels of ashes and five of lime in
place of ten bushels of lime.
The cotton seed may be composted in
the usuil manner, say: Twenty bushels
of cotton seed, 200 pounds of acid phos-
phate and 100 pounds of kainit. Wet
the seed thoroughly, mix in the phos-
phate and kainit, tramp ,horoughly in
pens and cover with earth. If it gets
too hot to bear the hand in it, make nu-
merous holes through it with a crowbar
and pour in water, as n-uch as it will
absorb. In spring, when ready to haul
to the field, the two composts may be
mixed. The proportion is not important;
the leaf compost may be used very free-
ly, two or three two-horse wagon loads
oer acre; the cotton seed compost in the
quantity mentioned above-say twenty
to twenty-five bushels per acre.
The high alkaline earth called Kainit,
the product of German mines, is being
imported into this country in rapidly in-
creasing'in quantities. Within a few
years it has gained a high standing
among the farmers of the South as being
the best and cheapest form in which
they can obtain that essential element of
fertility, potash. A writer for the
Times--Democrat speaks of follows:
Kainit or German potash salt is now
being used extensively in all parts of
the South Atlantic States, and as a rule,
with the most -satisfactory results. The
majority of our farmers, however, are
not as familiar with its adaptation to
special crops as they are with ammoni-
ated fertilizers. The very best of these
are not complete manures and do n't
contain all the elements needed by poor
land, wherefore their use upon such land
often. results in disappointment.
Good land naturally contains so many
of the essential elements of fertility-that
beneficial results are apt to follow the
application of these manures upon them.
Many goils, although rich in phosphates,
are lacking in potash, and consequently
do not give a full crop. Peaty or
swampy ground that has been well
drained, light sandy land, and old fields
that hare been exhausted br many yeauS
of cultivation, utiuallv stIt,id mnwst in
need of potash, and will not yield good
cops unless. the element is supipli.d.
As p,,tahli us an element that is re-
moied in large propoi tius l.y riea ily all
crops, its constant restitution t, theo-loil
is imperative. An indirect gain from
using potash salts or kainit is that a soil
well manuredi with it attract- moisture
from the atmosphere and retains It
longer than it would do otherwise, and
in our dry climate, subjected to pro
traced drought., this-is a very impor-
tant consideration.
Kainit was first introduced into the
South about ten years ago, and has since
won favor, generally, among farmers.
',Wh'erever it hs been tised. it has given
mutih satisfaction on account of "Its val-
uable-'qualities as a fertilizer and ten-
dency-. to prevent rust. It principally
abounds ;n potash, and its other valuable
ingredients are soda. magnesia, and
common salt. Most of it is imported
from Germany, where it exists in the
natural state, and is dug from the mines;
but some of it thit is sold in this coun-
try is made artificially, by mixing salt,
potash, and some of the other ingredi-
ents. and there is not much practical
difference in any of it.
The average contains about seven
times as much potash as aiiy minjo-
uiated f:t'e-rtliz-r, and on that a,-':-uir, iE
especially valtible 'or use on sandy or
impoverished lands. It. may be used
very advantageously, just as guano-
that is, by being put directly into the
drills at the rate of 200 pounds per acre
-and for small grain or cow peas it is a
Smost'valuable manure. When used for
corn or cotton, stable manure or cotton
seed should always be applied with it, to
furnish the ammonia, of which it is very

The Useful Mole. .
SThe mole is now chronicled as one of
the farmer's friends. Rev. Mr. Wood,
in a lecture describing the nature and
habits of ;this industrious little animal,
says that the mole is a burrower in the
natural pursuit of his vocation; devout-
ing the pupa of the caterpillars and
ground worms, he is-compelled to throw
up those little mounds of earth to which
farmers so) strongly object-because they
look untidy. Koles do not damage
crops, because they are strictly insectiv-
erous and carniverous, and utterly dis-
dain cereals or roots. They are really
benefactor.., because they supply the
farmer with a top-dressing of unexhaust-
ed earth. .The learned lecturer described
the mole as anatomically formed for
burrowing, "cylindrical and jointed at
the foremost end, with muscular fore-
arms and spade-like hands with long
claws like smart digging machines." He
has eyes, but very small ones, delicate
hearing and a pre-eminentsense of smell,
upon wHich he chiefly depends for pro-
curing food. He will bite, scratch and
fight like a fiend, and always to the
death when pitted against another mole.
The mole is rather a friend to the farmer
than an enemy, as commonly voted.-
American Cultivator.
-Mr. R. W. Pierce of Sunset. Bill
Nurseries, completed his shipment of
120.000 trees to' California on the 10th
inst. The original sale was 100,000, but
the purchaser came on and decided to
have 20,000 more.-Eustis Lake Region.


The Agricultural Attractions of
Dade County./

Editor Florida Farmer and .-u4GOwer:
There is something so antipodal in
farming in South Florida to what the
Northern agriculturist is used to, that he
is much surprised when he comes to thi3
section and finds there is really an open
or farm season of twelve months in the
yrar, and every day's labor can be made
to tell profitably in the way of actual
progress and future development.
At the cold North nature demands and
takes a time of rest-old mother Earth
wrapped in her snowy blanket asks a re-
spite, and the faithful farmer must de-
sist from his efforts until the open days
of spring and the green robes of promise
assure him that the sleep is over, and the
process of production must begin again.
During this time of suspension the
farmer must enjoy his hard earned pro-
duce, or, if that be short, purchase his
After a selection of land is made here,
the clearing commences. Of course a
house of some kind must be erected. It
need not be too comfortable, for the life
is an out-door one and piazzas are more
sought than rooms. Keep in mind that
the thermometer seldom ranges lower
than 40 deg. or higher than 90 deg.
Fencing is hardly necessary, as by gen-
eral consent stock Is restrained, and it
will be found more profitable to do so
than to allow ranging.
A crop of sweet potatoes is the best
first effort for a settler to make. Among
these may be planted the banana,
orange, lime, lemon, alligator or avo-
cado pear, cocoanut, mango, sapadilla,
and in fact all but trees of a tropical
growth; which will in the future yield
food and revenue. Th'n pine apple
planting should receive attention. May
is the month to obtain slips and plant,
eighteen months from planting you
should have ripe pine apples.
To meet running expenses your land
should be ready by October for Irish po-
tatoes, beans, tomatoes, cucumbers and
egg plants. These will be ready by De-
cember and January for shipment.
First to Key West, thence to New Or-
leans, Galveston, New York, or Jackson-
ville, and they will be ahead of all others
shipped from Florida, except possibly
from Monroe county.
Our lands are of three kinds, ham-
mock, prairie, and pine. Hammock as
soon as cleared is ready for planting and
will need no fertilizing for three years
at least. Prairie land needs slight drain-
age, and should be plowed and allowed
to lose its sourness. Pine land must be
heavily fertilized either by natural or
commercial composts. Cotton seed
meal is very effective. The soil in all
.as_.l having a prt-ponderaicnce of lime.
would pfi:.ducE b'est if moistened., but an
exces-ivt-lv dry season is comparatively
unknown. Yet means ':f rigiation are
Su a.ilv di hanl that i is no hard prob-
IlIM to ,.Ir,. and r,-ults ar- lwavays bet-
trr as to lqu.lity and irift ot the pio-
Jduts when water is copiously used.
Particularly ;n the casp of all vine rege-
tables or fruits.
-This section is particularly healthy.
6alaria1 complaints are unknown, and
chronic complaints obf a rheumatic or in-
ternal order lessen in severity, and in
mauy cases disappear. No doubt Dade
county in the near future, as it is in the
immediate line of progress, will, become
a great health resort both in winter and
summer. Hi.,nuing is'not carriedon to
any great extent here, as it is generally
found less" eipen'ive' to obtain wild
game frdm'the Seminole Indians. Fish
iare plentiful, and the scenery is attrac-
Those who seek Floiida as a health oi
pleasure resort, or for a place o'f liveh-li
hood, will ind it best to make their des
tinoation extreme Southern and tropical
Florida, for ninyv i -ason6, a very few
tof which the writer has tried to set forth
in this brief article.
Mt~jat, Fla.. Dec. 19, I1"AA.

Southern Grasses.
The follow ug is 1n extra.,t from a
paper read by Mr. A. P. Farnsby at the
Interstate Agricultural and Industrial
Convention at Jackson, Tenn.:,
Even in the South, where the grasses
are least cultivated, there are more val-
uable grasses to be found growing than
in any other part qf the world. We have
nativegrasses adapted to every condition
of soil and climate, grasses that the
overflows of the Mississippi cannot
drown, and grasses that wilt not stairve
.n poor hillsides where the chemist can-
Snot find any ploint food. We have grasses
that neither heat north cold can stop grow-
ing. We have grasses for hay. for pas-
ture, for wet land, for dry larid, for rich
land, for pQorlanidl, for clay land, and
Sfor sadv' land, Thiireare no conditions
Sof soil that we hare not a grass to suit.
* There is no excuse for a single bare place
on any farm in the S6uth, for Lespedeza
will grow everywhere. If there he one
beast in the South that goes without
-enough grass to satisfy its wants, either
winter or summer, it is not because the
land will not grow it, but because man
doies *..ot cultivate it. Because the people
* of the South yearly spend millions of
money for commercial fertilizers, we
- must'not conclude thot the land will not
grow sufficient grass almost without any
expense to the planter, to Support cattle,
hogs, sheep and horses to make manure
enough to almost do away with the ne-
cessity of using commercial fertilizers.
Nowhere else" are.good lands, so cheap
and where the expenses of the farmer are
so small as here in the South. Yet
nowhere else in the world is so much
land being ruined by the plow as here.
Every State has its thousands of acres on
the eve of being ruined, Nowhere else
is there so little land subject to waste
from cultivation in comparason to the
level land, than here. Nowhere else in
the world is there less necessity fQr the
ruin of the hill line than here. We have
more level land than we can work, yet
instead of onr hills being preserved for

ll m I .

pasture, for fruit, and timber, they quantities, will not hold the ammonia,
are plowed from year to year until ruined, the muck has a wonderful power to hold
How long this is to last depends on the it even when used in small quantities.
course of our leading farmers. That it Whatever other things the farmer neg-
has lasted long enough no one will deny, lects, he should not neglect to keep at
but how to stop it and give the grasses a least a three year's supply of muck dug
chance to make the waste places once out.-Mass. Ploughman.
more produce in abundance is one of the
problems of the hour, and which we
have assembled to solve. JFLORIDA SOUTHERN R'Y
That our annual colton and tobacco -
crops would bring as much money in the THE ORANGE BELT ROUTE.
aggregate if they were one-third less,
their history for the last twenty-five years Daily Time Table In Effect November 35,16&
will show. One-third of the land de- SOUTH BOUND-CANNON BALL.
voted to grass would improve it and give LeaveSt. Anustlne 800 am
us as much money, even if we neither ,, 9 10 am
pastured nor cut the grass. But the Interliacheng 1002am
gaswudWait's Crossing 10 37 am
grass would bring us an annual income, Galneeville 10 30 a n
Rochbelie 11 20 amn
enrich our land, increase the yield of ArveOcala, U240pm
all crops per acre, and consequently SouthuLake Weir 1s69p m
make us prosperous and happy. pemberon's 4 U00 p m
ppp.*Pemberton's 4 00 p m
-. ;Brooksville 5(00 pm
DadeCity 454pm
Crab Grass. Lakeland 600pm
Lia tIab> Kissimmee, So. Fla. B. R...................... 8 35 p m
BY D. R. PILSBRY. AvTampa, So. Fla. R. R 8 0pm
ArAve Bartow .6 35 pml
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Leave Bartow 7 00 pm
Arrive Fort Meade 7833
The search for new and more valu- ,, Arcadia 9 15 p m
able plants for all purposes is useful, and Fot gder 9 47 pm
often well rewarded, but it is well to Punta orda. 10 0SpM
treat all new comers as on trial until
their sympathy is proven. NORTH BOUND CANNON-BALL.
Consider crab grass. Have we found LeaveoPuntorda420 45 am
any plant that, for the two purposes of Arcadia 450 am
forage and soil-renovator, can be corn- Fort Meade 623 am
Bartow 713 am
pared with it? As forage it will easily Tampa, So. Fla. R. B8 R0pm
produce two to three tons per acre of the ismmee So. Fla. R. RB............... 1 am
best of hay, nutritious and palatable, as D ade City 900 am
is well proven by the relish with which Brooksville 40am
Pemberton's 9 45 am
cattle and horses go for it. Lane Park 9 30 am
If we except the sweet potato, few im- ,Tavares 945am
e Eustis 10305am
portant crops are excluded by it. With Fort Mason 10159am
or without special preparation of the ALriveLeesburg 11 5 am
orLeave Leesburg 1313a
ground, it occupies the space and covers, ,, South Lake Weir 11 53 a m
Ocala1 15 pim
shades, and enriches the soil as no other Arfive ocheille 240 pm
plant will. Let the surface be but lev- ,, Gainesville 3 10 pm
elled after Irish potatoes, corn, water Wait's Crossing 3 11 p m
Interlachen 3 54 pm
melons, or any winter and spring crops ,, Palotka 445 pm
few days a carpet of Jacksonville 740 pm
and presto, in a few days a carpet of ,, St.Augustine 605pm
green, and shortly a crop of hay. Of B T WS M I
forage crops none are better relished, SOUTH BOUND-FAST MAIL.
and many not as well. My horse has Jacksonville 12 30 p m
11Jacksonville 12 30 p
run in a lot with cow peas, teosinte, Palatka. 22 5pr m
dourra and sorghun, and has shown the .I W. R. Junctionteachen..........2 1 pm
most decided preference for crab grass, ,, Wait's Crossing 3 40p mn
B, ocheile 4 10p m
cow peas coming next. ,, Ocala 5 35 pm
Is there any plant that withoutseeding ,South Lake Weir 644 pm
Leesburg 7 '25pm
or special culture will give you a full Arrive Brookaville....... .9 25 p m
crop, more than that, will rest your land' Leave Leesburg ..................................... 7 30 p n
Fort Mason 8 15 pm
at the same time ? There is this to be ,, Eustis............. .... S0 p m
said for crab grass, that even when the Tavares ...........8 45 pm
crop of hay is removed, in the roots and Arrive Lane Park. ..... .8 55 p m
stubble an immense amount of vegetable NORTH BOUND-FAST MAIL.
matter is restored. to the soil, in which Leave Brooksville'". 30 am
Leesburg .6 25am
respect I claim for it another point of South Lake Wir 7 03 am
superiority to any we have. Roala 821 0 94am
Rorhelle.;.. 9 45 am
Bermuda grass may be it6 equal for : Wait's CrosdLg 10 14 am
a olha- bt -o mst InterlacheIu 10 43 a In
pasturage and for hay, but you must Arve J. T. & K. W. y. Junction.........0... .... 11 am
have richer lands. It may be equal to ,, Palatka 1 35 am
crab grass in enriching qualities, but it Jacksonville -1opm
is some trouble to get it started, and a ACCOMMODXTION TRAINW-BETWEEN' BROOKS-,
great deal more tet rid of it when you VILLE AND PEMBERTONS. .
do not LeavenPemberton's "10 100 a m
do not wan~tt. "*r' ii **lli Aj-T;v,:Br.:,.-.k~v-.11e ............ ..w_;.... .....A.....1 %5 am
In comr-arison with cow ] frs far L r, ............... 3 i, pm
(,*-... Arint, aPemttrtj6A' .. q 3 In p
easier to cure and save, ant ] ai soia l 'l-. --a, ....... 14- .
richer it ujav ,ir'l'al, l\' oionsiilered an I BAS BETWEEN PALATEA AND GAINES-
equal at least, if not a -i perjr, inoas- ,,a VILLL Ep
n ur _'h as a veiy tfe" ucc -i lve ',: l0 iif ;t _r ln -.> t ',. .......... ......... l Oam 6 ,"pm
peas co,. be wholly removed t.:ithout Lsav'. l .. ............. v"," am isp.m'
sensdJile impoverishmen t.rri i... ..1 am445p
-- r __ ------a-e Lea l, .... ..... ........... ....... ....... 7 3i a mI
S B'a .'a I..II...................... 7....... 5 am
Muck for Sandy Land. si ..La'.............. ............ am
4.11m U se........... ...... ....................... a i
Thirty years ago there was a muck ," S :,mmit.............. ..............
craze, many farmers being made lo be- ,, Pirurin.............. ....................... .. 840 a m
ieve that a hundred loads of muck haul- A' .r...... ............ .......... S sam
Gitrsale ................. ..... ....... ...... 9 1"5 sm
ed into the barnyard %would ,be equal to ,, Dmail.i..................... am......................... am
fifty loads of barn manure, but after ,,rtl^t :..... ::"'""" .............. ........ 4, 5 'a m
Irving for a few years the experiment of LtaveE, .......- io'05a m
; -' e a r ""^ f '*g en ''" ~ "" il -Hmer...... ................ .. ....1 tj.ain
hi in ze barinyad wth 'green-w1eti.10 40"aM
ntick, they learnedthat it was a work AriveeL'ns Park................. ......10 0 am
that would. .. pa". The muck Chus
deposited -no condition to mix Leave Lane Park ............ 2 .0 ,m
no_.-, codo to, 'r1"aarE... .......................... ..0 p
with t manure, and iJt wouu'd not ae- Leav- rI ara ............- .............. ... ......... 3 p
cor ) ~ a d t, asfile t ma ,.. -Mr "Ehb jtnm~r .. .. ..........8 30 pro
con l and it. was filled with so much MEustis .......... .................... 5 46pm
acid that it was often not on'v of no ", Fo.I Ma-)a ................. .......... 3 55 p n
value as a fertilizer, but it was a posi- GImatLiS................. .............4...... 4 ip
tire injury to the crop. When lhe far- Al-noale. ....................... ..4 r. p m
mer fully understands the nature of P. P..mai ........ ......................... I. p F
Fc t. m rw oo,,| .. .. ... ..... b... 6 p!
mui'k i will uot try to make plants qummnt................. .. ............ .......... I. p m
grow with it by applying it in a green l Lak. ......... ..... ... ..... .........;6 -1 pin
state, but lie will kEep it exposed to the .. Brrauiil. ....... ..... ........ ...... 6 o pim
action of the sun and air of summer and Arnr. A.tor............................... .... ........... .... pm
t'roet of winter, unutil the acid] is all out, MICAcNOPI .t CIIRA.
and allo most of the water, thell twill LeaveCira .......... ............................... ....... a m
bnn obecome line, Arrlit ilhrA ................ ... ................. 5 pM
beg int to deompoie find bcome Iir, A Ml ..:py........... ............ 4 m
w h;i(h1 is iust tile state leedi-d for an a ab- Lea Micahopy .... .. .. ....... ... .... ........... s6 s a m
iorber._t. WVhen muck bL- conie line andi CoLbciloE drP R..QeLie With all train.
dry it is valuable not only to use as an COECTONS.
absorbent, but a'so to apply directly to At...aka.wit -c.nvi
the land, if the land be high and the soil y. tPalatka,uwith JacKsonvilleea ampnd & Key Wst
the a ,gR'y. and. St. Augustine and Pala ka Railway, and fast
somewhat dry. Few materials can be riversteamers Ir St. Augte, Green cove Springs.
appled o asoi ofa sndyloa tht i Jacksonvile and all po nts North Eoas and West.
- applied to a Soll of a sandy loam that in Also, with the new Twin-Screw Iron Steamship "City of
Sthe end will prove so beneficial as fine, PalaaandSteamshipclCtyofMonticello,forCharles-
S- .. ... uch sil wto n. New York, Boston, Pnuaael pa;-&c. I '-"
Sdry muck; it furnishes such Soil with ail trains make close connection both ways via J. T.
Sjus.t te niaterial thht it is the most de 'K.W.R'y.atJacksonvllewtth Atlantlo CoastLlne
Slicient in. namely, decayed vegetable At GOa.les-ll with'through Pullman sleepers over
ubi-stance, and when this material is Savannah, -'lorida & Western R'y. for New Orleans,
"utnce "In Pensacola &vannah, Albany, Montgomery, Louilsvlis
free irrini acid it isjustasgood material St. LAuis, and anoints West.' m v
to f o rn. 'tloa food as decayed vegetation "AtOrlawith lorida Railway and Navigation Co.,
from any ote-s e With' Most 0o and. S. 0.&G.R.,R.
3 from anV other'sdurce. W n mest or At Astor with St. Johns river steamers for Jackson-
muck itjs. only a question of time when vile, Sanford and Wa LandinEtin
': . At Leesburg wlth. he St- gohns and Lake Esf
it will become free of water and from divisionofthe Florida Southern Railway, and boats on
Injuiius acids. Muck will advance to Lakes Harrisa, Eustis and Grlffln for all point on
Plant food more rapidly if spread' where At Tampa,witl. stearnmsbips .Mascotte and Whitney
Sit can be frequently stirred with the !verTuesay. Thursday. and Saturday fo i Key wo
plough or cultivator, thus letting in t.h At Pemberton'a. with ouih Florida tRailroad i
Sheat and air. In digging muck it should Lakeland, Tampa Richland, Klssirmee, Bartow, or.
nea:nuaw. u,,, ' ando, Saniford andDadeCity. ". ..
always be remembered that the first footr .At Punta Gorda with steamer Alice Howard ft
3 in depth is much the best, because it can .P Amand Fort Myer BMWE
be reduced to plant food more, Gener aanl G. P. A.
r therefore, when a farmer has plenty of A.COWAN, Gen" Trav.Agp
meadow land of no great value, he can
takeoff a foot of the top and then set it cPEGAt. N TIE
out to cranberries, first covering withn- SN
two inches of sand. In this way the We are now ready to supply our different
farmer can get a cranberry bog very brands of
cheap, and at the same time get what AHBEUSER.-BU5CH BorTLED BBBB
muck he may want, -.ndtihat,;too, of the Send In your orders. Telephone 26g.
very best quality, "M zL* MtT C o.,
When open ditches are to be dug on a ay and Bridge Streets
farm considerable quantities of muck .
can be got in this way, brt whenever -QABK OPKBA. Hlf,.
muck is tobe dug it should be kept long ^A K" P R O "
enough for it to change its nature, and ,
when it is to be used in the winter as an KA'TR. CLAXTON
absorbent it should be very fine and dry. _nr-
The farmer should always place a win- --
ter's supply under cover during the dry -
weather, that it may be in the best pos- -.JTWO ORPHAwNS "
sible condition. When thus prepared t
and housed it is one of the best possible
materials t1 absorb and retain the liquids January 7th and 8th, 1887, including Saturday
of the barn, and it is of such a nature
that it requires but a small amount corn- :;Matinee. :
pared to sand, which many use, and _
while sand, even when used in liberal SEATP ON SALE ATDELL'U DRUG STORB.

e~fnv Mail Dally to !:
STATIONS. 1as, tall. Sanford
A. 3 P. si P. M.
Lv. Jacksonville ............ 9 10 12 3U 3 30
Ar. Palatka ................... 1110 2 15 5 35
Lv. Palatka................... 1 15 2 18 i 40
P. M.
Ar. DeLand.................... 1 30 4 15 8 00
Ar. Sanford................ 1 5 4 30 8 25
Ar. Enterprise.............. 1 0 4 26 .
A. Mi.
Lv. Sanford.............. 4 45 445 9 25
Ar. Sorrento............ 5 39 5 39 10 30
Ar. Tavares............. 610 8 10 11 05
F. M. A.M.
Lv. Enterprise............... 1 50 9 60 ................
Ar. Titusville..........A..... 3 20 11 60 .;.............
Al. Orlando, So Fla R R .5 24 524 ...............
Ar. Tampa ". 8 50 50 ..............
Ar. Gainesville, F 8 R'y ............ 4 45 ........
Ar. Ocala ..
Ar. Leesburg ..... 7 2 ........
Cuban Daily
SMail, from
STATIONS. Diy Sanford
A.9. A.M. P.M.
Lv. TitusvllleA .............. ............... 6 30 1 20
Ar, Enterprise.............................. & 30 2 45
Lv; Enterprise................... E 8 33 2 50
Lv. Sanford,........... 115 50" 2 45'
Lv. Tavares.................................. 7 20 11 0 A
Lv. Sorrento................................. 7 54 12 06P
Lv. DeLand.......................... 9 15 .00
Ar. Palatka................... 4 15 11 30. 5 23
Lv. Palatka.................... 41, 11 3 5.6 39
Ar. Jacksonville............ 6 30 1 28P 7 40
P5. M.
Lv. TampaSo. Fla. RR 8 .00 ............... 9 20A
Lv. Orlando. ,12 00' 7 25A 1 28P
Ar. Jacksonville, J., T.
S&K. W................... 6 30A .128P ,7 4
Lv. Leesburg, F. S. RR. .... ... 6'25A 11 15-A
Lv. Ocala ,, 1............... 15 156
Lv. Gainesville..................;.-...... 10 200
Lv. Jacksonville, J. T.
&K. W..... ........... .......1 28 7 40
All Min lne laliwuse F:&w.Ri~wast~tOn~

All Main line trains use S. F: & W. atlway stationIn
Jacksonville. .
The 12:30 p. m; Cuban fast mail. train awaits tlhe ar-'
rival ofthe fast iuail from theNgrth, and stops.only at
theprinclial stations and at Lem,'r.r 6ril, Pailr. ka,
making connection at Tampa with 1teuinrs if:r K.--y
West and Havana on Tuesday, Thursday and Satdiidy
evenings. Pullman Buffet Sleeplpg COrs are attached
to this train from New York through to Tampa, and-.o-
8 p. m. ti-ain from Tampa -through to Wasigto
Other' trains have Chair Parlor'Cars. .
Sipnmer "R:.;kltilge'.' oDnr,.,ltsalTllusvUlewl lh rain
I 'g.' *i. k;.,nI1.? 1i- lit sa. rin and alrn- gvn R- k' p Ia.
i. Ib.I rrnLu iitluirau, Ci.)oa. uixckledge and tndlan
fir-es lInjinlgs.jaily except Sanda'y.
F':., Dalor.ra v-ia Palark., iatk 9.1 a Im aond 12.30 p.
('hiii,.orins niade wi Hinrioplon w-itb Bst'ge for
0, r,,I '- Ai [ ''rint C ir'' JrQCtione witLLh B. .. C.
A AI. R OR l.EiII. 'c.; i Mi)roe wiLh Orangi.e Bel
r'.',y. ror Li' ,Nw..l W an c Oadl-aad. -. ,

C ty Ticket Offee, N. W. cor Bay and Hogan,-trtEa. L 0L
G.T.A. Gen.SP't.. dG...A.-

.. U -. V *I I-r "-'I;I S;T = :;"


-T. AliG[I.TIKH INIV. J.,T. & H. W. B-.

'lisrR leave from Ferr) Wharf, foot of rewnan Street
z, cHDl iLE IN E0IFECT NOVEMBER 14ih. Is'-.

Mix.eI-d I I I E p- Dally
A. 1'__. P. Y. P. .
L ,v' e Ja.i'c.i ulllll M I ) 8 O 1 00 I 00
Arrive St. AulgusEtline.. 9 *1 ) )10 4) 2 30 b40
Dally Ep.p Mlxed' Da-ly
A.M' M P.M. P M. "
LaveS iL. AuguIne. .1 i 3. 1 uU 00 4 0
\irli'e Jaeck 1.i lll.I 10 I I l 4 I 5 20
A%. L. CRAUlt ORD. L 0. DEMLNG,,
Sup'L G. T.A.


NBW YoBe, October nth, M86.
Jaoksonvillo, T1a.;l;..-'
G'mITL"Mn-We have your fa or of the
0th and note contents. The retail price of
our goods In New York and Brooklyn t Is for .
Ladles French Kid, button, bevel edge 6 00
Ladies French Kid, button, hand-swed
beaded edge... ... -50
Ladles French K id,button. band-sewed,
mock welt........-.... 6E -
Ladies American Kid, button, bevel
... . . 500
We think the prices you &e selling our
good are as low as teey can be bought In the .
cities named,an" rertainiy ln ata reasonable
profit. We are .
Very truly and respectfully, /
EDWIN 0. BUET 00. '

hromP tis date the foregoing low pries will :
prevail, "
orders Mrom all sections o the State sO-
lcldteG .



4 WeAl Bay Stre1et,1-010
Jaflksonvllle, Mia.

- '- I.



RENTO, TAVARES, and all int4r-
mediate points.
and all Stations on South Florida '.. .
all Stations on Florida Southern R'y,
and connections with all other :diverg-
ing lines in South Florida.





1 ii

T he Florida Farmer-r at Mrit Grower,
A.- tUtfWSS, Editor.
C.-H JONES &,Baortat, PUBLISExaS.

Office Cop. Bay and Laura Sts.
GROWER Isan eight page48colu8nI llustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted torte Farm,
SGarden, Orchard and household Economy.
and to tbe promolo Af ithe agricultural and
Idastrlat InaerestsorFIorlda. It Ispubllshed
every Wednesda.. ..
l Terms'of Subseription.
: or one year........... ................. .. ... $-- 2.03
Forsix months 1.00
S-C-Olubs.offlve to one address................. 7.50
-With dally TIME--UNION, one year ...... 11.00
SWith daily TIMES-UNION, six 'Sonths 6.X0
Wi- lth WBEKLY TIMET, onib year...... 2 75
,"-Subsidlptlon- Id all cases dash in ad-
vancei, and :no' paper continued after i he
S exeliratton of the time paid for. The date on
theprinted label "withr which the papers are
addressedAs the date to whtich.the sutibscrip-
-lon is paid and is equivalent -to a receipt for
: payment to that date; -if the -date is not
can-gdff iinmddiately after-a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENTCE solicited on all sub-
-. jects pertaining to. the topics dealt with in
S. this paper. Writers may affix such signatures
'to their articles a. they may choose, but must
STurnish the editor with their full name and
address, not for publication but as a guarantee
ofgoodfaith. Rejected communications can-
not be returned.
.ADVERTISE ENTS inserted to a limited
e' xtent, Rates fttIshed onapnUcation.
REM-ITTANCEO should be made by Check
Postal Note Money ,Order, or Registered
Letter, to drder of
S... -Jacksonville, Fla.

FiRsrPAoE.-lasaiflcation of Grapes; Tbe Cyn-
thiana and Norton Grapes; Grafting on small
roots, (Illustrated); Keeping Qualitirs of Sicily
Oranges and Lemons; Rusty uranges; Flor-
ida's Famous Tree, illustrated) .
SECOND PAGE.-The By-products of the Orange
and Lemon in Sicily; Italy, Ideal and Real; In
an Olive Orchard; Lonieiana Orange Crop;
Hints on Orange Culture. General Manage-
ment of Sugar Cane; Truck Gardening; Pnro-
tection against Frost.
Tmun PAiGo.-Reclaimung Pine Lands; Corn-
posting Oak and Pine Liaves; Kaini:; Tropi-
cal.Farming; Southern Grasses; Crab Grass
S'- Muck for Sandy Land; The Mole a Useful AnJ.
FOFRTH PA s.--(Edltorial):-A Premium: .Spec-
imen'Copies; Our Fruit Articlea; The Coldi
Snap; Reclaiming Wild Lsnds; How our Pa-
per Is Regarded; HinMt to Writers; Forestrry
in Froridr; Flonrida's First Arbor Day; Arbor
Day Proclamation.
FIFTH PiGE.--Veterniary: Colic in Horses
S- Overfeeding Ha", Hollow Horn, Paralysis
Codgh, Bad Condition; Col..Peter's Esperience
with Different Breeds of Catille; Bees in the
-Caloosabatchie Country; Bee-Keeper's First
SPrinciples. .
St:. SIT PAE.s -Woman's Life mn Europe; Man-
feature of Paper Patterni; Hints on Dreis
". Thee Carb of the.Hair,'Miafltting S"hoe; A.Few
.- :''Its 'About..Cake;- Rural Recipes; Winter
Flower'i-'i'abigoieandebrSrndy"Your Plant. -
St Ks-irA PitG -'Farm and Garden Miscellany
i((wttricua}; Serial Story, by J. Bariug Gonid.-
. E -'--:'-'EF- .. i lornda News '_he __.Euc ee
W Xzcoctor'sAd iwce-sThe.Use and Can

-;w- F attbnrtnlskeatl81^e v.y9- W ?- -* .-^
.; .--.' .. -DPha'es isicognized- as ,th46 best
.. "authontypn.9- agricultural-sciece'in the
'- Southrirn.States,adntd his published works
are accepted as standardson the subjects
of; which they treat. The
S creasing interest in forage and livestock
which is" .mianifested- throughout the
South has. given this work prominence
as a book of reference on all matters
pertaining to. cultivated or cultivable
grasses and other forage plants. .
-_- Desiring as we do, to stimulate public
w'.' Atr e .important branch of agri-
-=.. lle -V ? . f.% f ,"i*;.,- -' ' _- .' .
S-. w--. t~utre,..we:feel4 that we could not offer
:"-as apiremium anything more practically
v-:, .alulable. Taim FARMER'S BOOK OF
Q-'_ Sa desonbeb.-about three hundred
':- --grasses, -clo-res an .other forage plants,.
-ad.: -. ai ont'ains general'- directions for cul-
Lute ;. fir ietc^'' ,.''. -^- '
-The-egular price of the book is-. fifty
---"-ce'nts but'"we.wilirnd it free by mail.
:after this dAtie, to every one who sends
S--yea ubriptin for the FARMER
'A -: FauT-GhowEn foiiunr y6ar. -
;.' - _."--'- _." -=_." _.- ._. .. ~- -.." : ~' -.
17t.._ SPECIMvIENtCOPI S -,. 4-

..-_- PrhevibudzWt:o'tf =-.-.publfcation :of-the
-' Bn'ovrn-GROWEa -we hadre-.
ceive{ thouinds of ap lia-tion for
c t-pnmenY-copies,-ean-d to l-"--e de
_- i di e-n-t e-_--. .number Although
nea.r.-'._ ly-.x-tioahd copies were -provided-
S--oe-this purpose,Ait was.oundin the end.
t.ha lapcant could nt, be supplied
1D toot argely u-on that
w.ich -w' to'-be re-
Vethn istcumbers no re-
1 e -1 fothi d.PCeficincy, we-
coie of th eprsen number-.-
~ 4~tbtfiue-w e ween 1sleivh the16
rrz4~a-t-.~W~t~khisnnmer e nnor

fore, send in your subscriptions without
dIelay, if you would have your file com-
We intend to devote a column of our
splice to communications asking for re-
,plies, but have concluded not to bring
out our letter box till a week later. Mean-
while we assure our enquiring friends
that t' ey are, if neglected, not forgotten.
'It i's not often that a newspaper is af-
fected by a spell of. cloudy weather, but
the continuous cloudiness of the past
week has materially altered the appear-
ance of thefirst page of our present is-
sue. .-The first two columns were to be
devoted to the Kelsey Japan Plum; the
.matter was in type and a fine drawing,
in the hands of Dr. Cuzner, was await-
jing the '!process," for which at least a
moment of sunshine is essential.
But Old Sol refused to come out, and
we had to lay the Kelsey on the shelf,
and substitute another fruit. The sub-
ject adopted is a natural continuance of
the previous-chapter on grapes; but "va-
riety is the spice of life" and of a news-
paper, and we-aim not to treat of the
same fruit in consecutive numbers. :
Unless the sun continues in its present
mood a week longer, we shall present
our readers with an illustrated account
of the Kelsey Plum in the next number,
and of the Japan Persimmon in the
number following. Meanwhile we de-
sire notes on either fruit from persons
who have had experience with them.

We Floridians would be quite content
to have two days of the year stricken
entirely from the, calender, namely, the
warmest and the coldest, or still bet-
ter, the coldest two, for surely our ex-
tremes of heat are not to be complained

of. To the people of the Northwest, our
coldest weather might seem, by compar-
ison, "-ethereal mildness"; but it is not
of ourselves we think half so much as
the danger to our winter fruits.'
Every winter has its period of maxi-
mum cold, and because that maximum
averages too near the danger line, our
golden fruit becomes a source of uneasi-
'ness until about the middle of January.
The-weather record' of the signal office
at Jacksonville d.s tiot represent fairly
the weather of the orange region as a
whole, but if the people of Duval county
derive encouragement from that cord,
still ifiore so can they of Enam. Or-
angeaindPolk. The rec of maximum
cold at Jacksonvill"- this and the last
.-teen,_ years- -:_follows: .
Jzlieceinbe& ~aJan uary- -28, 18A72- :!T
_'Jaha i4..-^'. -- .. .- ..
ner=af :Ja6uarygl?4---S-.'" -"
" iecenb'e-i.:1 S5-7'5 '- ". "_ -.' : --.-:
a e ean b- r ,19'A 6 7 7 a. .-. : -' :. -- --

these thirteen years has been- reached:
once in November, eight times in Decenm-
ber, and nine times in January; and that'
with the exception of 1885 and 1872, the
lowest temperature occurred before the
middle of'January.
SThis.and other considerations lead to
the belief that- no farther danger need
be apprehended this winter, and that
such portion of the orange crop as re-
mains ungatherecl--may remain on the
tree with- impunity, and-should remain
until0th'e -ciidition-of the market im-
proves. -
-Re(garding the .comparative severity of
the recent cold -wave, .it is interesting to
notdethe reports from-..different portions
of.:.tbe orange region..- At-Jacksonville
the lowest degree -of cold Wias 226 at
Starke, 221-; at Gainesville, 230. This
degree-of coldI dama-ed theb oranges
somewhat, and tender vegetables-'still
more. .
At -Citra -'(Orange` Lake) the lowest
temperature -was 26%; at. -Ocala and Pd,.
latka, 27';?little.or no damage-to, fruit.-
m- ; ..'.. ', i I--- = =_ -. 7 7 _t' _- -. I -_ -
At Tampa-and De Land the lowest tem--
peratj-re wa2s 39?; vegetables
jured':-- Fatber south no-damage is re-'
pokref;[tIhelowe-ttempeaturat ran.
do and Crescent'.Lake befig-.8pO-Wa L"-e&-
burg and -Sanfdrd!30. at Winter Park,'
'34 '-1 -': /. v ~ '? "" ,-:.-.
-.Judg~ing1'fromypast experiencese it iss'afi.

to assume-thatlalL danger-from frost is
pasr -.Th.e groves aremotly'ma in a jgor-
one-condition and ^relieved of 'thelI.r frit-
age, andktherei8s-ever-y easowt to believe
that-theykwill; bloom .an&d-bear- during
the, comiing-se-ason- a theynz.ver have
do*4:1before : ., -
"i "._-- efq" e;.''- : '. ';-. --7 ". .\^.. .. =: - -l '- -
;-'The un~provemneblo4fpq-j^ofil a~d~t~h6
-.reck mation6'wisie lands, are subjects
to-which wte-wish .todevote m aeh paoe,

bent-fit of their experience. On thi
ond page of this number will be
the first of aseriesof articles by Mr
Dansby, of Escambia county, desc
his methods of bringing common
lands into a high state of prodi
SAny one who knows Mr Dansi
agree with us, that no man in Floi
more competent to handle this si
Commencing on a tract of dry. pini
with only brains for capital, he n(
a truck farm .which -would do cr
the best portions of New York or
sylvania. WVe have not seen a li
sight in Florida than a field at
Farm," covered with a'dense an
form -growth of the wild Spanish
which was being turned under b
versible plow. As the swaths of
lent herbage were buried benea
black soil-once white and c
thinly with wire-grass-we had a
ing sense of the virtues of humi
-the adjacent fields of vegetable
grass gave good proof of its el
How these results were accomplish
leave Mr. Dansby to describe.
cambia county has already seven
umns in the present .number, v
constrained to allow Mr. Danaby's
to lie over.
Another series of articles is pr
by a gentleman who -is engaged
reclamation of saw-grass lands-it
Florida. Re writes as follows: ""
a vast amount of land in the State
saw grass. After three years of
ments in the cultivation of this i
lands, I propose to give to the pu
exhaustive treatise on the mana;
and the crops adopted to them.
that my thorough knowledge of
ture, acquired by a life-long stu(
in the most prosperous farming
of Monroe County, N. Y., near
ter, and secondly, for three years
State, in Manatee county, in
which practical experience haw
the place of theory, will enable
give certain advice to all desiring
prove these lands, and aid in dev
a line of improvement that is as
Sits infancy."
We bespeak for both of these
careful reading, for they will trei
original and instructive manner o
Which are of prime mportance
ELdevelopmp Stae. -

.-The comments on the FARMI
FRUIT-GRoWaIR, which arecori
letter from all parts of thetState,
a most gratifying-character. -TI
-favorable -:receptin ,of our fir-LI
is :the ik6r-elin-o.faikibg:'becaiued
,..: ._...=-- -.- -_:_- -- - : --i

r I

RU1T G(OWEIR. JANUARY 12, 1887. ..
-- _'-' =-r =:.-- -a'J.- .' ,
.*.. .'.-S'y ''- .**; :, ".-'- -.* r .':' "*-'. *;
ie sec- Nurserie, Brandon, Polk Co : "Ant more lege and Seminaries. The report of the ,. otton-Longlj'a-l _h_
found h le with th initial number of I number of trees planted was not as com ing and bultiidure;. _pi' p-'--. .
found than pleased with the t- number plete as I desired, hut I can reasonably agement of -seed, ai;0 A R 6. t ".1.;-.
.J. V. the paper. If you will 'tight it out on tx the number at twenty thousand. seed. ft-- --..- .5:-.: .--:
ribing this line', yiu need not fear failure. The Not only were the school lota thus -,gga._, W'.t17
pine- historical nkltch is peculiarly interesting planted wit i trees. but several towns by culture, mak-ing -syp Bg-.a
i ordinance ,c mpelled the iilantiik 6culure,.mak. ng sy.&-pndja' -,n"-.-
active.. -in fact, the~whole matter in the paper rd f dot-. tion of market' : ..
I ~~~~them in streets and lanes. Miny huhb- ~o fmre:*
is good. erno neglected church yards were Tobacco-Varieties,-his6tryin-Flonrda; ,
by-will "I have nobjced your offer to send cut- cleaned up, and shade trees and beauti- recent, experl-nces, seed.iculture,Ta- -man
rida is tings of a newnative grape, and would ful hardy shrubs were planted and facture. .. '
subject. be exceedingly obliged for some. I willtended, and are' now thing S of beauty U s--.-. :
land,.givethemeafartria. bo.hg s' ,aand pleasure in and around these sacred Citrus Pruils"2Comparison of--varie-
eland, give them a fair trial both as grafts and pla-e. The silent cities of our Dead ties, hardiness and productiveness;:meth-
)w has cuttings. I have -not the least doubt came under this new inspiration and ods of propagation, methods'of planting- -
edit to but that' we will in time getas good were freshly adoined with living green, and culture comparative effects of. fer-.. ..
rPenn- grapes as we want by improvin- and with sturdy trees and beautiful flowers. tilizers. marketing of fruir.-preservajtu
vei- ros o nate v N e all of whichI are now speaking. to the of fruit, wine and other products;_- .
ovelier crossing our native varieties. No State living inu a language at the same time Peach, pear,- fig, persih-mon;- Japan-
"New north of us has a greater variety of enollng and instructive, plum, Kelsey plum. native plum,- mul-
d uni- native wild grapes, and there is a grand Civet and above all the physical good berry, quince apricot, guavac banana,
over, opportunity awaiting the right man for resulting trom these annual tree plant- pineapple sapodilla, mango,- avocada
clover, opprtuny awatingI the ink northern ing%, comes the excellent lesvins of pat- pear, cocoanut, pecan. English walnut,. -
y a re- this undertaking. I think northern roicm taught by the very contact, the almond, pomegranat,, olie;"- grape,
succu- varieties of grape willprove to be short- doing something of" pehnane.nt good for strawberry, blac.kberry, raspberryv-Va-
th the lived in Florida." others who shall come in the distant tu- rieties, their characteristics, effects of
r' W p Itie generations born. as an illustra- soil, weather,' etc., best methods of
covered "We have received, -up to the present ion of the patriotic thought born of culture. -
realiz- date, applications for cuttings of the the occasion. I will. state that hundreds FLOWER GA'RDEJ'.
us, and Vitis Car.baea from W. o. S., J. o. Ne of the trees planted were named for our A
s and A. E. C., E. D., J. K., A. L. D., R. H. Distinguished President Cleveland our Plants adapted to tbit climate, out-
Sabeloved and honored Governor Perry. door culture, management of green-
ffiacy. B., R. O. W., E. H. W., J. V. U., H. H., also many distinguished citizens of the housc- ..
bed we w W. C., M. A.B., D: A. D., and C. J. past and present; and I learn since that NATV E TREES AND HERBS.
As Es- C., to all of whom cuttings will be these trees are remembered and pointed Planting trees for- ornament or utility,
ral col-mailed about the st of out to visitors as the Cleveland tree, the.ithe- burning over of forest lands, the
ral col- mailed about the 1st of February. Perry tree, etc. : lumber and turpentine- industries, the -
e- feel .The number of schools reported by the tinning industry, phenomena of plant
article FORESTRY IN FLORIDA: Superintendents of the coun-ties partici- life, weeds and noxious plants. '
Weprsmethtsoedainoerorauaypating as above, is .879,' bile the num- 1do4o dntfctoIfrmto s. -'
We presume that some day in January of child en entering heartily and N B.-Specimens may be sent to the
omised .orFebruary willbesetapartbyGovernor ladlyinto th exercise- is 19,186. In for identification. Information is
Sin the FPerry as Florida's second annual Ar- these large-numbers of desired respecting popular nanes and
n South bor Day. and that the Superintendent of parents. friends and visitors were pres- uses. -..
There ish ent. Thus will be seen the readiness INSECT ENENHES AND FUNGOID DISEASES.
here is bPe ioreublic ntructionswill aretheame with which the people of Florida and Nature of damage done and remedies. -
known to be a holiday for the public schools of especially her children embrace any sug- MNSCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS.
experi- the State, and -wiU ifrge its observance geotion for good, from those set up over Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
class of by the planting of trees, ith suitable them: for only thirty days notice was the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dog
Ilas olgiven setting apart the day which pro- and dog laws, fences and toads, ldgs
blic an accompanying exercises. duced such large results." tion for farmers, fehomnces an tead laws, trans-
gement Major Russell, with the hearty co.op- I am truly yours. L r s
I hope eration of Governors Bloxham and A. J. RUSSELL. portation, arketing piculturalodc, education,
igricul- Perry, has advanced Florida, as regards TALLAH&SSEE, Fla., Dec. 20, 1886. home manulfarms, agriculnatural education
idy, firsthome manufactures,- natural. history
y, first popular education, to the first rank-- -of.Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
section Arbor Day Proclamation. vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
Roches- among all the States. So much ma) be STATE OF FLORIDA, farm machinery, farm implements,
n this accomplished by one man who loves the EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, water supply, cooling appliances, re-
S cause for which he labors, and who JANUARY 4th., 1887. ceipes for cooking, home decorations,
brings to its s-rvice executive talent and To the People of Florida: household economy miners and earths o -
I takenhclimaoldeog;hnt:omy: the-craadearthsJ.
taken indomitable energy! Encouraged by the interest already dceiatoldoy hitsnthears o:-
isme to Oufis dren, on dress, habits, reading
me to Our first Arbor Day awakened greater manifested in the purpose of setting ments, etc. .. --
*to l- interest in the State than could have spar a day of each year for tree pllanting In treating- of the above and related
el-in and the ornamentation of public places subjects, practical experience-is muchto -
bei e en expected at the outstart. Thou and appropriate and practical teachings be preferred to theoretical.kno -.
yet in sands participated in theexercises of the and ceremonies connected therewith in edge; yet there are topics aneeding;di- .Ai-
day, and thousandsof trees were planted, our public schools, and impressed by the cushion which have to-be strealed.of .---
series a We will not enlarge here on a cause benefits which will result from keeping from a somewhat theoretical- stand- _
at n an alive and increasing that interest, I, Ed- poin t.. --..--- -
Stopics whose importance has come to be so ward A. Perry, Governor of the State of In describing any method or.experi- .-
in the well recognized, nor upon the various Florida, do, by this proclamation, ap- meant it'is desirable that-all.exteitaEiain- .r.:
Se benefits which are to be derived from point and set apart Wednesday, the 9th fluences be explained;-- fdrr.example4iin.:-
's- the proper observance of this new holi- day of February, as- arbor day for the t'ie case of a-crop, .the.charac t eof.-the-.
yeaD1 day. It may and should, be made the season,.of,.the soil, of.-tbehsub-sol,l.ahdi'
DED day. It may and shoulder made the And I again especially invoke public the method plantingancuttng
most profitable day of theschool yearand attention. to the great results which will all haveian.important beari'nipth ' -se A
ER AND the editorial fraternity, if of this mind, grow from a small expenditure of time suit. -.Bare-statdqemet stiel-tsare
gin-by could do much toward making it so. It and labor devoted to the planting f .tree.littlevluetiougje th
in public grounds and streets as a meanl of mention...: -," -' t' .
are'--f has been said that a child with a suitable of beautifvyin g ou-r towns and villages; .Wdont desirel.etterswtnsere-t
ve vry leverage could move the world; agiU and adding o the attractiveness ol our- i rina c
,-1era n --p rad t:e fast ra(! Li deaku es
number ought to be an inspiring-thought .the State and the cotifort.and heathof-thq laims to.mav.ort6 are
d.-it fell able journalists of this-Jttate;gtht r recmfndtoteofficial an1h
tate-, [A i econi mend to the officials and l&T'f~.....-...... .. .....
b.. 0 -an-7anmateor
W ^ tteikZ-pens iey ac W e;hosn ^^ ^ ^
.....hei entersa.o-oiiubli schoollsthatSthea Sirablete bIwao._.'.;b.u ractIcal
a n... .. ..oe o w g&" --"evoted"in --hoL QtJ-Ism f ifd P"l"b

- -rrm tf-iewxosttbe'._iaany complicmena ,Uaywithrthe.statement-t naU~nextdhnori
tary letters we.h-aYjeceived'-we quote as Day "'will -be- fixed-betWieen tlhe 8ntW dd
follows: ---= -- -. t:- 12thiday:6f Fb-F tuary, 188_7.' .o
PFrom Professor'J. N. Whitner7-of- the n mucbinterost was aro-used on such short
Agricultural College of Florida: "'I think' notice is an indication of the- vim, that
you have made a very creditable -start has bebn. infused-into our school system.
indeed. The paper is bound:to succeed." In Jacksonvitle, Pensacola, Quincy and-
From Hon..John F. Rollins, Qof the U. other places, last Arbor Day.was cele-
S. Land Officei '"I have just be6n read- brated in handsome style, and the next
ing your first number and find it a valu- will undoubtedly have a still more gen-
able addition to our agricultural litera- eral observance. t ..
ture, and I trust it will meet the support We have recently received a letter
to which it ij entitled:." from. the Superintendent of: the Flor-
SFrom a well-known citizen of Leon ida Chautauqua, stating that- "the
county, whose letter is '"entire noes": date of the Sobthern States. Forestry
"Your paper promises to be very inter- Congress has been.cia.nged from Jan-
esting and with xthe'practicalideas ex-, uary 26 to.February 15,- 16, 17 and.. 18."
pressed In your introduction I am sure This, like the first-congFess, will be held
you w*il make a success of it -: at "De. Funiak SpTings. The timir has
-From C..C:Gunn, Esq.,of Walton Co.: been' so fixed that it.will occur
''The -first number of- the'-FARMERAND fore the bpeningof the ChautauquaAs-
FRmUT-GROWER is before" me, 'andl it sembly, so that- it will be'in reality an
seems to be judt the paper needed at this adjuictof'the latter. '' _--
time" among our -people. ;-I pincerely' "It isto 6e hoped t3Lat delegates from
-'- :-- -" ---d" a" de -'!
wish you-abundaintsuccess I will'-do every county will. attend-the Forestry
my-best to secure you-at least a -few su- u Congress. Itis expected that nearly-All
scribers in this county.;' .,...- thie States wl:be ,represented, and that
- WITH-NOTES ON SPECLA-'ARTIOcLES some.of the ,most'ableman inmthe coun-
-Fr6m A.J-.Aldrinb of-Orlandb-"Te .try-will-take part in .the exercises..-i De
it.nti mjer-of your paper came tohand; Funiak. in itself 'i sa most -delUghtful
this morning, --and I am free-to say Iam. Iocality te centre -of Floida's Far
e mucpleased with If each and West of which the majority of Florind
er-:m-ch--pleaaed -Witi--eah, -o
ever'-num-ber can-be asgoopdas-i.ia-t'it ianspknow--to .little.- Therefore-.any
2itnnot-el. success O-ne-artgice one. who 3 attend-i i rtry-Cotigress
hiit. does mie special gogd, for I ha&just winDOt bnly ha ean opportunity o-en-
-ivefian order& f6f cracked z-otton seed, Joyingandp.roftinmg by bits.exercise,.but-
a=n--Lon loolingdver the.paper saw and: of seeing a;new-and beautiful town and
a -- -- c cotton seed ad'it a~litte~known ad mst interesting sec-
read -the-atce n sedad 1ittae-'k-wnadd -- -
use. .- "-. ,,'- ti f r- '. .. '- -. -
'- -I have time ye(t countermand:my~i :- Florda sFrst Arbot Day. -
ord-Hnd sball do'r.o..I-Md- n-y -doubts -.
about (--;-.,- 'te ue t cos,.but -In *response to a request for Jnforma-.
the iLbengovautoionrelative to the-observance of-our
as the-price was.threeedollars.petonless. -first "Arbor *Day; the-Superintendetb-of
_ti.antemeaff ".rgavi 'theo"-r,--. T"-did- Pu.hcliisb ctidna- writes-'afoll-.-.ik
n thInkfo8cfo the; S -A o

-'VL .LLy. LUI u -uu -u4- ua c ta,ucO 'WIJ ^ inA' l hernim r-i
.: t my -.m aac, n -za e c us v n e. . .. ,-.-- -
-GrqatC Sealof the State of Flonda-toI ron3&side6o1,'-
- be .affixed- hereuno. t-":Done.- a;-rtle- r'mpa'rEdiLby.
SCapital.- this the-first day-of January:,.- A osin
-A- AD. .- 188,' an-r-of- the Independenie; .preferabebu-.
.of the United States the one-hun-dred" 1pium4e twy
and' eleventh year, E. .-- u wit' h tt i
... ... ~. -. .u.. ,--'vE,-A ~lraRi :- -B ith~tlfe.
By the Governor-Attest : -. 4n; ,matt;l' .of'
SJoIij S. CRAWORD. -, W.' : ladiesiareIcorc
.Secretary 'of Statiq. -: '" -- ,ute.ndtsni-im'ir
-- .... .'. .... = -agement,, poult
Hints to, Writers for the Florida tons of;a p-rt
.. .. i-e thro i
-FarmerandFruit-Groweri ; -W.ith,. -..
TheI readers of 'the-FnRbaDA FAMER. gent- people -,
"ir FRUrr-GOoWER-are'ersp.ciiltlS make thea4Q
vited to cdntriBute to its 6column-sartitlts ;ORi la.'aagei
ana notes On all .sibjccts pertainng to. of faiifies,4pd
the farm, garden ,orchard and 'huse-, 'advaDci-g-Ea
hold affairs. -TheT0raige of topics whicdi terests.:r9-n,-;.
will be discussed in-this journa..may be' : m'umnil-
gatheiredfrom the subjoined tahilewnich departmettsh to suggesl-what.might othbr- EDrTdR-F-l
wiseiesca e attention --:' .- ,' - '. ,- --. U'
- '.FARM- MANAOBME4T;' -Ai4En o
-Clearinhg land;"driaining"l'and, c'rop"a for Te`C "=h"iA
new'laid, ;successidonoF. cro'ps"intesivq the'f6l6
farhiing, treatment "bf differenthn. sbils, iness-
Testing land;, filing vs.-paasturnge'ow-- o-a i S
ipebning, green meaning. .. W. 6- -T_
Horses, mumes .cattle ...ogs.- s:bheep.
ment. ---_..- tk'J. A' .-
Cotton seed cotton ,seed meal, b ?r-4
yard mj~anure, guano,, 'jipon6d p
perph~~Shte0gypuuhm ibAS.t, ew 2
ashes- than m'.-u'ckj--e-l
posts ,-- :' -

-Bern.da -grass .c.gra[_-,- P- !'
Guinea graSsk-TtirrelUiktasMh-^ 1
grass, red:-`top gmerass hsona-x
..e.ras pe .arl -itll&.e. t ... .
milloinaizekafrCorTeVfe 0 P
huinmfddidderroor m,- -.B n
um; Metican cloverjI1-,edez' Sfa





t At e o

*. t;l


S ou call it asthma? if so what.wuld you lacked butter-makg cities. Lie S. L'ENGLE & CO., 1
A.-Give fluid extract of Oenothera where milk o cheese is the desideratum, STOVES, .
Inquiries concerning dis biennis, or tree primrose half an ounce there was marvelous flow of milk, butCROCKERY,
Inir a's c ay beades o dr three times a day. If your druggist does small yield of butter, and that of poor BEESIN SOUTH FLORIDA.
D c0. Lyonima's may be acoie, sed wo wil not keep the drug, make a hot infussion quality. And theu the Brahmins were .O R-
f vithe leaves and twigs ofthegreen plan the most malevolent animals in the What They Feed Upon in the Ca- 1ST@
answer them through this column. now in bloom and .give one gill three word, with a distinctive aversion l ahatche LASSWARE
times a day. Or you may give Silyhium, women. I don't think I ever saw a loosahatchie Country. ... :E 1 T=O
olic in Hors. Either w omao Brahin cow that woman could milk. -- LAMPS, (Published every day in the year,)
It is with horses, in many things, as dian cup-the first variety best-of pow- making quality ofuld the milk, And sofbuter- BY H. G. BURNETT. OIL STOVES, an enlarged to an
with men. The digestive apparatus dered root 60 to 90 grains three times a making qualityemper of the milk, Brahmin, by Apiculture is desti
in both is quite similar. Some are day. Or half this quantity may be given t vicious temper of the Brahmin, by Apiculture is destined to hold a high ..
troubled more than others with indi- with the primrose. Morsten all hay, fd- crossing them on the Devons, Alderney rank among the manyiudustries of this BAR GOODS, EIGHT PAGE PAPER,
gestion; and thany sudden or severe der oats or ground feed and Guernseys. This cross was perfect- portion of "Fair Florida," arid that, too,
gestion; and any sudden or severe der, oats or ground eed. ly healthy. I never knew of one animal at no distant day. Like many other in- 56 COLUMNS.
eshbcj.ja-he system may disturb the di- a MARE IN BAD CONDITION. to of murrain. They made the bes dustries, it is dormant simply because W CODEMNS.
Sgestive organs and bring on colic. If a Q.-I have just bought a mare that has working oxen I ever raised. But the of lack of capital and brains to properly WOODENWARE. As a newspaper the TIMES-UNION,noi Stands
man eats too much green food, or unripe been suckling a colt all spring and she is thin milk and vicious tempers still re- develop it. There are thousands of tons without a rivapin F'lorida, and the peer of any
fruit it will affect his digestion and give thin. I have seen in the Journal that mained. You can't sell a vicious cow. of fine honey going to waste here every in the South. Having the exclusive right to the'
him gripes. Let a horse that is kept on charcoal is good for horses to make them The women get against them, and that year. The prevailing vegetation of this Associated Press Despatches, its own correspo.n-
dry feed fill himself with green clover, fatten well. Please inform me how much ends them. So the Brabhmins had to go portion of the State apicullually con- PRICES THE LOWEST. dent in Washington, arid special correspondents
colic. Cattle often bloat up and die under to give. after a long, costly and hopeful experi- sidered, is saw palmetto (Sabal Serrula- throughoutthe Stateits State'and general ews
such circumstances. Let the horse get A.-One ounce is a dose. It must be re- ment." ta), cabbage palm (S. Palmetto) and is complete, comprehensiveaccurate, and trust-
very dry and takes. Letarge horse get uced toan impalpable powder, and may "And they were followed by ?" pennyroyal (Satureia rigida). These C. s. L'ENGLE & CO., worthy.r No Floridian who wishes- to keep .
cold water into his stomach, and it may be given in gruel or sprinkled in a mash. "In crossing my Brahmins with other three are our leading sources of honeySOVIE, F abreast of at i ing on in is own State aid
brcoding on colic, especially if hend is not It is useful in dyspepsia or indigestion animals, I had bought some very fine supply, though at times bees obtain a in the world at large can afford b wihou i
exercised ng on coland was warm especially when the alvine evacuations Guernseys from the original Nick Biddle very material surplus from the gall- Terms [in advance) $lo per year; $5for six
at the time. Getting suddenly chilled are offensive. The patient probably herd. I fell in love with them because berry, grape, button-bush, aster, golden oOK HERE! months; $2.50 for tfr,,e months; $permonth-.
andt the time. Getting suddenly chillonneeds an ounce of powdered saltpetre of their rich milk, gentle disposition and rod and other flowers. L THE DAILY TIMES-UNION (without the
of the skin and throwing all its work of and a drachm of powdered nux vomica adaptability to our climate. There was Our honey season is opened by the SPECIAL LOW PRICES ON Sunday issue), by mail, six months, $4; one year,
purification upon the bowels. may cause every other day for a week, plenty of literally no objection to them. penny-royal, whose purple blossoms LCONTE AND KEIFFER PEAR TREES, $8. The Sunday TIMES-UNION by mail, one
indigestion aupd colic. It is particularly good water and rubbing well all over "THE JERSEYS, appear during the latter part of Novem- For the Season of 1886-7. year, $2.
Viable to, if the horse has weak digestion twice a day however, of similar build and disposi- ber, and continue to bloom until April, Also Apples grafted on LeConte Roots. For
and is predisposed to colic. Too much tion, at this time came into notice. A at about which time the saw palmetto cataogueand prices, address & CO.
dry feed, allowing the bowelsto become Jrse "Herd Book" was established, opens its spadix of creamy bloom to Proprietors Florida Nursery. Monticell, Fla.
constipated is a frequent source of colic. r and by lavish outlay and careful bred- the busy bees that gather ho ney fromw
to set the bowels in motion, will bring TL tilt as butter cows, they now stand with- they take a vacation of about a month, y Imes,
In such a case, injections of tepid water, ing, the Jerseys have been m dwiun -hey te a vacation of about a months eu .
relef.. But the better way is to see that EXPERIMENTS WITH CATTLE. out equals. Had the Guernseys been after almost seven ths of honey The FLOIDA WEEKLY TIMES, the weekly edi-
the horse has every now and then a taken up, they would probably have gathering-provided the season has been ion o the TIMES-NON) is admitted to be the
ration of succulent food to keep the A Veteran Stock Raiser's EX- done as well. But the Jerseys became propitious. There is one most admirable et oa newpape the outh a admitted one thof
bowels loose. Overwork and overheat- periene in Georgia the fashion, and I drifted intothem." quality about the penny roal bloom, it best dollaewale in the outh and one of
ing, as well as overeating after a Ion the Jersei secretes honey whether the weather be the best fiy journals the country. It a
S Colonel RichardPeesoGora 'Igreat 56-column paper, eight Alges, filled to the
fast, are both liable to bring on colic. Colonel Richard Peters, of Georgia, "Oh, yes. I have a herd of over eigh- hot anddry or cold and wet. Last winterand General News, Market and
These are all'causes that common sense has done more for the improvement of ty registered Jerseys, which I am en- I noticed bees work ing on penny-royal The largest grower of these Pears fro withe r reports, etc. Its Agral News, Market and
ashanan a m an. ing The largest grower of these Pears from Cut- Weather reports, etc. Its Ags-cultusrl Depart-
and a little thonght ought to avoid. But, Southernlive stockthananyothe larging by purchase and increase. 'Since ch fin the morning een whtene tings. Buy no other and avoid Blit. Cata- ment, edited by Judge KNAPP, atentof the la-
as a rule, little or no attention is paid to A full account of his experiments. and of 1876, I have pad $8,170 fo Jese ne Towa thelatter hart of Jubo he a e tne is naer i. thilS, a. tmenal Bureau of AgricultuePP, arent of withe Na-
-anI dftonotthant paen senell any-females andif Toward the latter part of July the cab- loeetf is paper. Smthville, 4a. tional Bureau of Agriculture; is written with
any of these things, and when the horse his present methoas oi manamegvaee nt do not at present sell any semaes, an bawe alms come into bloom. and if special reference to Florida's climate, soil and
gets sick, the wonder is what could have published, would constitute a most val- have more demand lor bulls than I can bage palms come into bloom, and iaf. p ci al e or te il a
-caused the sickness. Take thought for able book. Being in Atlanta recently y. I am .perfecting my herd by there is nosom uuch n ha PRAIRIE LEE POULTRY YAR, bscrduction price Al, alon e worth ten times it
bur horse as you would f th or yourself; n erre erthe Aanta two sons of Signal, to which I am breed- om colonies gate over 40 pounds of Seffner, Hillborough Co., Fla. Florida to all yearly subscribers free. Terma
thought if ou areir own healthose who takcourse on stitution. The following re his w o sons of Signal has 1 daughters, surplus comb-honey from this source ;L. B. CULLEN, Propr. (in advance), $1 a year; 50 cents foi six month.
thought of their own health, of course Con s relative to different'breeds of nearly every one of whomws. Sgnal has becamuge fa- but, coming as it does in the height of Single comb White Leghorns a specialty. Remittances should be made by draft, money
this injbe unction will not apply. But you l cattlemen. rTe prer says mousnearly every onerld of aswhom butter-makers. the "rainy season it is generally the Only one variety kept (J. Boardman Smith's order, postal note, or registered letter.
horse, however much you may neglect I saw that he was willing to talk. Tenella is one of his daughters, and Op- case that the honey is washed from the p stJuneot. Wrlte for what a ouwant, en- Ci H.JOE&B.. Pulse rs,
your own condition.-Natio na. ln L v Time a circumstances conjoined to .. o-- edin. eorgia flowers by the almost daily heavy rains. closing stamp for reply. No circulars. J u mpi-F .
-Stock Journal. tempt an interview. Here was a man of I shall base my herd on the Signals, us- Cabbage palms continue in bloom about
S wealth, an enthusiast and a student who ing as outrosses the St. Heliers, Dauncy a month. So there are eight months of
Overfeeding Hay. had given his life to a work in which Rioters and Coomassie strains." the twelve in which bees gather surplus,
Itis fact, but one which seems to be our people are still pioneers. Why "Why do you principally breed to the if the weather be favorable for honey -
tha tloo'- omc h hay i fi t eo w axioms that had hardened out 0fe- "Because they are usually well adapt- On the coasts and some of the islands wholesale Commission M erchant
that too much hay is fed to workhand .... Commisi on M er hantna l ay a
driving animals. This is due in some hat thirty years of experiment, and lay ed to our climate, and because it hap- adjacent may be foiInd plenty of the -
-d sg animals. This is due, in some them before those who are still in the opened that when Signal's daughters famous black mangrove-whioh, by the NO. 313 NORTH WATER STREET, PHILADELPHIA.
to sheer laziness. Ratherthan go to the experimental stage made him famous, there were four Sig- way, is not a mangrove at all-but be- specialties: SOUTHERN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Consigniaents Solicited. Returns
to sheer laziness. Rarouble to cut there thay an go to the Ah" he said, when I mentioned this, nal bulls and four Signal heifers in Geor- longs to. the same family as the verbena made on day of sale
mixed mess of cut feedfor the horses, the "had I but known ten years ago what I i. The true mangrove (Rhizophora Moangle),
manger is stuffed full of hay and always ar o oW I t ands of dol people. I keep all my females, and by is in no way related, and does not yield e, Ja i1,th l ecli d
maTer thisea su ie fulor m hy keon asl and lar gaettbroff. When I startedrmy stock mingling in them the best butter strains honey at all. The trouble with the black ,3br eaMt3 oco t
kept that way, while for the health and farm I was a pioneer in every sense. I to be found, regardless of expense, I will mangrove is that strictly a salt Ic on the Lin of the Florida Southern.
comfort of the animals but little if any was about the only breeder in the South make my herd as perfect as can be" water production, and mosquitoes and
hay should be fed to either work or driv- It looks to me now that I started every- .o, th Jersey the best cow for this sand-flies are so bad on the coast as to Unsurpassed by any other section or the production of Fruits and Vegetables. If you are -
method ofamals, except- at neighrain or thing on wrong basis. And it took climate?" make it about all a man's life is worth ingi. Florida, whatever may be your meansorcondition, vonu willin'mos assuredly be pleased with
metho-feed of feedss morning is to g ive a grnamo me many ears of experiment to get "Incomparably. I believe the Geor- to try to exist there. I, for one, don't this Centre of the Lake Region. or further paiclar ar S L. REED, Ptrman, -
a but after the eveningfeed of grain right. I had no neighbors then who gia climate is better for them than that care to try it. It is true the, honey S L REED Flrl-
a bee uecLand just before would try one experiment while tried ofthe Isle of Jersey. They do not take from the black mangrove ranks at the .
retiring the nghstrilhlinup the mngewr- pothe i.elh le to do. In. r me of self e-and this is head of thel our penny royal G E" ST.- .FES ,*
with good, clean timothy hay, or with t Ie sr with at- essential here. They can be ma into honey is ligt-colored, heavybodied, A general line oi Frur Trees adapted to Fl orida, including the
hayv ery little mixed withelover. Clove r most every variety of grass, cattle, fine beef cattle too A friend tol and rather two highly flavored with the LAR -E ST ST F EA H TREES
hay is only fit to be fed o cattle, while h orse s,sheep, goatsi hogs, bees, chick- e w in t eih sap dr r cee ofo A SPn'C .;-
feed.-Agriculturist. giv everyexperimentafairtrial. I have beet and draught animals. -They have of more golden hue. Theflavorisvery At ,,, ,erl i cevarieties of Peaches. My P tock ofKelsey's-Japan-Plam Treescon-.
imported animalsand grass tromev- become too valuable, however, to make mild. Cabbage palm honey is a tinge a hesof5, forward ihome own, and bus akfrom beanie resoniTREa-la e
Hn llowtHon.ery quarter of the globe. I once paid oxen or beef of." darker and more pronounced in flavor 1,500 PICHnrLaNEO E EES to e I;S-Et Ja OE.Q..
Hll Horn. $1.00 apiece for a flockof Angora ewes, A RAthan that from saw palmetto. We get old). A full supply ofa LeCon.e Kiefaer nb oers Per a ,a
The dsehas e co mmn lyy kn w n c as, too wrands ath eriactis clNewita l t -' "'s em. -c -
The diae commonly known as "ho- and agai n gold for a Brahmin A VE AN ICE. no honey here that is darker than the Cur Cu Ncarm aene B rres etc:etc. An exammation tock solicited
low horn" has no immediate connection bull. Many of my experiments have "'After nearly forty years of liberal golden rod honeyof the North, excel Catalogues eeon application o. r T
S with the horn, asanimal without horns beedn very interesting." and intelligent experiments, what ad- in. occasional years, this being one of E ST
manifest the ame symptoms. Thedi- -"Wien you began to stock your farm, vice would you give the farmers of them-when bees gather a thick, blackT. ..
ease in question is the result lof inflam- what did'you buy ?" Georgia?" gum from the ripened berries of .
mation, extending, froin the mucus mem- "I bought three varieties of stock that **I think those who knofo me will a- the saw palmetto. I must confess I have
Sbrane lining the nostri into the sinews were positively useless to me-Durham quit me of selfishness-and certainly les respect for the'bus bee" since I
of the skull and horns, there being a di- cattle, rWhite Chester hogs and South- those who know'how readily I sell all caught her at such dirty work.. A Tk N
rect communication between these parts. down saeep. I lost many of each, and the animals I can spare. will acquit me We have no winter losses no bee
Debility, improper and insufficient food, had to give all of them up. Let us take of any need of being selfish-when I say diarrhoea, no foul brood, and no feeding
exposure, and all other causes that tend the cattle first. I started with that one of the most important things to do. I know of no place in the United beaches, Plums, range Trees, Lemon Trees,-
to weaken the system, may give rise to DURAM. is to improve the breed of our stock. It States whereanexperiencedapiarist with Pears Persimmons, New gs, Mulberries,.
This condition. The treatment must then Thesoonsowed themselves entirely costs no more, in fact it costs much less, some capital, can havegreaterassurance New pan Fruit and meganaes, etc.,
be such as to counteract this decency unsuited to t climate. They didn't to keep good cow or hog than a poor ofucces. Inanother article will talk Nut Trees, -
and should consist mainly of good nur- take on fa in summer-they ranUto bone one For example, tako a man who of the care and management of bees in R New Catalogue now'ready. Addros
fing. Keep the animal n drytwarn rather than fat-and they died of mur owns five or sixdscrub cows. If he will this part of the State.1 1 .
enti te a s ar l rain by the wholesale. In spite of care- buy a good Jersey bull of a pr-po.ent ALA, MNRmi Co., Fla., Dec.1, 1886.. ..

v,,the oran.-.,Aeri 4.nA icl-diseiswhereforagemisabund- SHIPPING ORANGdSSTRAWBERRUIRTNE LAND VEGETABLE PK IN G,
: uAdincefby Dr. aD. aL Phares. p s he aele s o romn y. b cg d him s oun0peeigcnoror bebt er, an onlf Beheemde pee'F lPrin ies. FORWARDING AND COMMISSION HOUSEe ntohs r
n iThe ionowig veterinary advice, takeni clubs being made up. I watch the ex- f ine mil take h sefrequeof ly hise fhrs cross will Hh L W htn b
necessary. Boring the hornsu re ine d'm aaean ed t o hfr qd o ydammn ngonh sly have orders to morn our coLfgvn to, enabling us to mb PROMPT BT
Sand he barbarous andre by tho be placed inen t wardse my experiencematter how fine the females the ircombs or outside parties, to which prompt attention is gien Package suitable or

samrofess tegor of biology inoff the Agriculturatail asDEVONS ay be. Where a Jersey bull is inro- 4 district where forage t is abund-n axiom thatS PPING ORANGES, STRAWBERRIES AND VEGETABLESo ee in

S reedy milk qualities. I foutillnd this tobe true, or used for oxen, and his daughters yeld of honey wi be secured by a very Bestof l ca on, viz: "
S- ARALYSIS. and I was remarkably well pleased with crosses to another pure bred Jersey bull. .moderate increase of managing bees. S., F. & W. R. R. WHARF,
S Question.-I have an imported Devon them: They grew finely and appeared In one cross any man can see such a dif- Queenless coblonies, unless supplied Circulars and Stencils on application. JACKSON.7LLE, FLA.
hull about twenty-one months old; he to prosper, but proved to be very liable ference that he will thank me for my witha queen, _will inevitably dwindle -1 .
has been here nearly twelve months to a murrainever known onas'-Texas fever," or vice. In three crose he will have a y or be destroyed by the bee-moth r

About five week ago e was taken with *-d-water," more especially when they most valuable herd-a good butler- y robber-bees. RK & LOR DA STEA LS P -
what rulemoved from msee they place importing istered Jerseys. It is hard o6. The formation of new m colonies R RI E BTWEE
asome time ago te appeared to be con. tne purchaserawbull can do inof hogs. A farmer, by crossing should ordinary be confined to the

alecet, but folloih as now relapsed into farm, over fifty head in wo seasons his scrub hogs to fine boars will get in season when bees are accumulating NEW YORK, FERNANDINA AND JACKSONVILLE
hatappears to be paralysis he canno The eperimen wa a co one, as my one cross, a compacter and better hog, hon di orn theropeati Steamers are apontedtosailrom Pier 2E.., N. Y., every T

fromuse his bd part a t all. I have treated books show that I paid 9,135 for De- that will fatten more readily and on less musbeperformedwhen forage sarce, an atday a,
him with spiritneeds of somnitre ofmixed with vons aloneut and fully a m uc h f or Dur- foould thanever bis scrubs. Another thin the greatest precautummin on their hives fill them e uedorders to work--E ato, enabling usto makePO RETDAY.
urpentine, and have stion him quis are from hams-a big outlay in those days." wi l l follow. When a farmts the grade, nd reve with honey and lose all d F Aispositi Etn LM ever WEE eA p m
every d ay, and some calomel once or nd And aer the Deos hfbeedock ull will take better care of it, ting, especially if t able bee- The Freigh and Paengr Acommoaion by hs Lne are unrpassed by any ships in
twice per week. He no fever now The lberalty o my purchase and more prde n t, and wll increase his eepig is coamed n ths golden rule, the coawe service. For her nfoation apply to ka suitableor
appears to bioe paralyzed. havealso he scale on which I was breeding, at- herds and flocks. The compost heap, Keep your stock stong" If you can- CLARENCE ackv
tied blistering ia spine and over the tra "Thed general attention, and tho combine cele- the pasture, his sons should hay-ricll and corn- beef ant only succeed a short period thisthe lamoregmoney Tha. G. EGE, Trai Manaer M.P LD Coa.

idny. rated naturalist, the late Dr. Bachman, ollow cattle and sheep, and his daughters yield of will be heavier will be BroadwayN.. General Agents. 8 Broadway,viz:. Y.
-Answer.-Give 60 grains iodideof iron of Charleston, S. C., urged ne to trythe us diversified farming without trench- b your lose; inwhile if your s .ocks are Si &ze 40oo T ou lae Kngey, Clay o., o W.
and 20 grains powdered an imported Devomica in them T BBAHMey grew CATTLE and appeared in one balerossn the cotton crop, which, strong you will show that you area bee- feet i choice -ere trat for a
ullsweetened -new..milk or gruel 1 quart -thesarer, bulls of India-olding that of course, must and should remain our m ierteqlee, s wabl nee-eersabnsd ru rs g s, Salbrioas Chmae, a good Invest-
every f hwour.. Apply tar plster.over thev would thrive ia our cleate I great crop." v say ca i u on generous s o meat. Seend 2-cent same for Ma s, etc. or remit P. o Orderb or t -
the loins.a See thacali fmat .free from efore bogan he emper to your industrious subjects. BankDrfotOHN &T. ALBO, andget Warranty Deed, TitSHle r L I '

smut, rust abid ergo and that he has pure Bahmin by paying $1,000 in gold for a sThe drll in he artesian well gat the Tefarmers of olumbia ad the NEu O K E ArD A N JACK
whate, a to pure bred e bull. My herd cost m one de Lcon this morning struck a rounding counties are become riagiist- t"ELreO.Io. sai..l I R. A ..T O.veyTues.dA.yT huY,
se" his h partsco mea. vedb sh go. T he aIp maaids$9, ex-lvf t oa suwpi ur water, at a epthof les bed n ecthmu otb onadd th eimscare, and ,,t........ .. .

S .- -avea marevaout 12 yearsold, excellent, and I thought I had solved he f oee, that overflowed the .surroeundis prevent rbicon. F R OMF othePA-DE Bo. ... an ckonwiue, elorda M D, p9w. iay. t.
.tha been troubled for thelast t em.u They mad fi ee etb t wor e A tst as w t ingd thepaes i cotton, THE BEST HEALTH RESORTT-
for whica I bane tsed various remedies traordinary milkers I had one grade that the flow is not far from 15,000,000 t The e ll onf ble be- T T ad SO THE INE OF THE erLOREDA SOATHE..
..without aval Does not cough a great Brahmin cow that yielded thirty.sax gallons daily, the largest known in the mu ......o, on.,d f, acre. of Unsurpassed by anr other secaon for the production of truit, and Vegetables.
d eanow, except when driven. Her quarts of milk er dav. I exhibited hr world. The nualitm is not satisfactorye h ak as tey woui on.I ten acres o cot- If you are omin to 'lorida, whatever may be your means or condition, you will
b breathing thenishard, short, and wheez- atthe fair and tookpremiums every- I however andc theoworknof delp g ton. But uc woui no o to dependaon most assurely be pleased wa tas centre of the Lke ,eion. _
-ing,sike aperon with asthma. Would where Blet I discovered rthat the milk will be pushed on.-St. AugustinecPrh-o. onething to make a ving.- Lake City .a For further partioularsaddress .w:.!... T EE'E!ID,
i g r g n Banner. P.l lg "no Lands,. S.alr "s :.aoIs
th q- ea ae l s o expr -en ".yo-r i o s B to JO" T T-- a get Wry" eT


When out of the body the soul is sent,
As a bird speeds forth from the open tent,
As the smoke flies out when it finds a vent,
To lose itself in the spending-
Does it travel wide? does it travel far,
To find the place where all spirits are?
Does it measure long leagues from star to star,
' And feel its travel unending?
And caughtby each baffling, blowing wind,
Storm-tossed and beaten before, behind,
Till the courage fails and the light is blind,
Must it go in search'of its heaven?
I do not think that it can be so, -
For weary is life as all men know,
And battling and struggling to and fre,
-Man goes from his morn to his even.
And surely this is enough to bear
The longday's work in the sun's hot glare,
The doubt and the loss which breed despair,
The anguish of baffled hoping.
And when the end of it all has come,
And the soul has won the right to its home,
I do not believe it must wander and roam
Through the'infinite spaces groping.
No, wild may the storm be, and dark the day,
And the shuddering soul may clasp its clay,
Afraid to go and unwilling to stay,
But when it girds it for going.
With a rapture of sudden consciousness,
I think it awakes to a knowledge of this,
That heaven earth's closest neighbor is,
/And only waits for our knowing.
That 'tis but a step from dark to day,
From the worn-out tent and the burial clay,
To the rapture of youth renewed for aye,
And the smile of the saints uprisen;.
And that just where the soul, perplexed .and
Begins its journey, it meets the Lord,
And finds that heaven, and the great reward,
Lay just outside of its prison!
Susan Coolidge in Congregationalist.

Woman's Life in Europe.
Whether it be the existence of enor-
mous standing armies, the havoc of ceni-
turies of war, the absence of practical
educational facilities, or the lowness of
the laborers' wages, that compels so
: many women on the continent of Eu-
-rope to seek to gain a living in occupa-
tions which we deem fit only for the
Strongest and rudest kind of men, cer-
tain it is that one of the commonest and,
to American eyes, the strangesL sights
there is the number of women engaged
in agricultural and other s( vere manual
labor. In France women are still occu-
pied in the mines, dragging or pushing
the heavy trucks of coals through the
- narrow tunnels that run from the seams
to- the shaft. Of course in such work
they adopt tlhe ordinary costume of
working miners, arid at thc first-glance
are not to be distinguished from the
men .by whose' side: they are working.'
Some of the entries in the French census,
as-to the laboring population are strange
enough. In Paris there are nine female
boat-builders, and two hundred and
fortymfive "'.wheel.wrigLts, farrieis, and
ooQAlars firtv-aixr

penters and joiners, eight masons and Paper Patterns.
one plumber. It is. however, in Austria The following desc.ription of tl
thit w,e find the greatest proportion of ufaclure of the paper patterns
women engaged in heavy physical labor, much used, is borrowed fro,
not merely in agriculture or the mines. York Mail and Exprfss:
but In paving br cleaning the streets, or When a design has hea suhn
ini carrying -huge' trays of mortar or designing styles isa Pa c6^sBiou by
h6ds of bricks.upto the workmen on the and has been ap rved, compe
s'ac godi' g'o Bildings in th' cou-se of ters imitate the 'esign in cheap
erection. These women do uot seem to simply basti the part together,
'a'"cr'y' ug t-he "
complain of their lot; they have been in'y extrefy careful to obtain a
bred up to from infancy, a lW\-fitting model from w
are used to nothing bet te ir man- pattern may be copied.
ners and language areacoarse as those The models, to insure a sure a
th.e male Ja t'i whom in figure lash figure, are fitted to a live mo
the res be-hig h cheated, broad- wears the ghostly dre.s till every
shouldleed, no trace of a waist, and pos- properly adjusted, and the
sesse 6(f great-strength. To -such stout made to compare exactly with ti
"daughters of the plough" it is an easy nal design. This clothl model
task to wheel a street-sprinkler or pull sent to the description-writer, w
about a hand-cart laden with milk, as fully rips it apart, at the sai
may be seen any day in Antwerp, where marking each portion that it ma
the' milk-woman, with her neat white actly replaced from the direct
cap and handkerchief and her assistant writes to accompany each patte
dog, is a striking street picture. In Next comes the grader, who tE
Prussia' about six thousand women are dissected garment and cuts an em
workers in mines, quarries and foun- 'tern. of each part, putting in
dries, and about two thousand are clas- notches and perforation as mark
sifted as "drivers, costilions and railway the cloth by the description
laborers," and about one thousand as- The latter by this time has sent
"ship's crews," sailors, boatmen, and reactions to the printer, who is fE
ferrymen;" in this last -category will ing ready the envelopes to hold
come women employed, as in our illus. tern-when completed.
ration, in towing canal boats. It has The grader, who has a system
be."n asked, why do not women adopt urement known only to the.pnrc
callings more adapted to feminine prepares separate patterns or di
hands? The reason seems to be the in- of the garme-tlprdperly enlargi
dustrial condition of a great part of the minisbed-,6 suit both great an
European continent, which affords to =o-sfids these pasteboard patter
them'no better means of earning a ulis- different sizes to the cutters, wl
ing, and the fact that these occ atis, before large tables with immense
wichi-are so utterly unfemlnine, are of tissue paper in layers of fifty
just those in which .unskilled labor can, before them. The pattern is the
be employed. A change, however, .is ed upon them and cut out wi
slowly coming about by the growth of shears, and then Es handed to gir
important industries in every country, with trained fingers, rapidly f
The-factory system has been found in place them in the envelopes nc
Germany to have a strong tendency, to ing.
improve the condition not unly of the Much art-work is required in a
women immediately employed in them, lishment of this kind, as the clot:
but of those working in the country after fitting, has to bo sketched
around. A large employer at Freiburg, ful art isis, who are to bring ou
after'thirty Tyears- of experience, -said: most graceful manner, the curv
,The condition of the agricultural labor- and various novelties represents
era'is not a- satisfactory one., There is fashion, to make as acceptable
much misery among- them, especially cut as possible to use in the ill
moral misery. When mothers apply tO catalogue, uqon the envelopes, a
us for work for strong, healthy girls, we advertising mediums.
tell them such girls are'more fit for la- Overa million patterns are so]
lor in the fields, but too frequently re- by one house, agencies being est
ceive an account of the hard and im- all over the world, though it is c
moral life. associated with such service, that the most substantial orders
The scene changes when a well managed ing fro0m-the growing West, a
factory comes into the village. The poor lowns where the fcilitfles for o
girls must then either receive better reliable styles are few antid feeble
treatment and better wages or they go From fifteen to sixty new s
into'the factory. The moral benefit of a manufactured monthly, and the
well ordered factory is still greater; it times form a nucleus for a two-
affects the whole illage.-Ex. page magazine, partially ma'
.. *stories, artic'es on art decoratic
ints on Duress. ical house-keeping, etc., forn
Make the draperies long, caught-up on another solid medium for fourth
one side and looped low in the back. lationof the styles manufacture
'L6ng draperies are the most used. Do Twice a year styles are killede
Snot make a foot plaiting to the skirt. It' derto keep thestock reduced tot
is not a necessary trouble, and the latest er number. The undesirable fasl
gowns appear without the plaiting. easily detected onexamining th
There- is little if any change in the -which reveal .sometimes a fic
make'd -of dresses. Darts are still long changeable-public taste. -

'w wait-

in estab-
by skil-
it, in the
es, fo'ds,
ed in the
.a wood-
nd other

id yearly
are com-
nd from'
tyles are
ese soTre-
ide up of
Dn, prac-
ling still
-d" in or-
the prop-
bions are
e orders;
klie and

Study Your Plants.
To grow plants well it is necessary to
study them. If you do this you will-
soon find -out what treatment -they.
need, and you will do this if you :love
flowers. If you do not love them, and
try to grow them simply because it
is "the style" to have plants- in the
house, the sooner you give up the "at-
tempt the better, for you will never suc-
ceed in having good plants. Be sure of
that. House plants are generally put
out -of doors-in the summer. Some
turn them out of their pots into the open
ground. Here, they make a vigorous
growth, but comes time; to take
them up. and get them into pots for the
house, it will be found 1 hat the roots
have made a rampant growth and a:
large share of them will have to be cut
off. This necessitates a corresponding
cutting-back of the top, and the plant is
greatly injured at the very time when it
should be strong and .vigorous. I pre-
fer: to keep my plants growing in pots all-
summer, on a veranda, shaded from the
hot 'sun of mid-day and afternoon.
When-it comes time -to take tIhem into
the house they are not injured by any
violent change, anid are ready to begin
their winter's work.- Hammond's
"House plants. ',

andwaystations-................. ......* 7 17 6am 30p rm
Arrive at Pemberton Ferry at......* 940am M f620pm
Returning, leave Pemberton Ferry 7 40am I 740pm 3 5oam .861pm
Leave Sanford for Lake Charm
ana waystations.................... tO0 45 amandt450P r
Arrives Lake Charm.................. 12 15pmand 620amn
Returning, leavesLake Charmt 6 s0o a m and 12 45 p
Arrives Sanford................... 8 00 a mand 216 p m
Connects at Sanford with Sanford and Indian Rive
Railroad with the Peoples' Line and De BarBa.ya
Mercbhats Line of steamers and J., T. and K. Ba-
way forJacksonville and all intermediate points; and
wilt steamers for Indian Rivyer and upper St. Johns.
At Kissilmmee with steamers for Fortas Myers and
Basenger and point on Kitsimmee river. At Tampa
with teamer "Margaret" for Palm Sola, Bratdentovun
Palmetto, Manatee, and points on Hlllaborough and
Tampa Bays; and with the new and elegant steamed
'"Macott" foa Key West- and Havana. Connects at
Pemierton Ferry with Florida Southern Ralway for all
points North, East and Wet. Through tickets solid a
sil regular tations, to polt North east and West.


Trains leaving Sanford at 10"30 a. m. connect at San-
ford- with the fast mail steamers of the Peoples' and D
Bary-Baya Merchants' Line from Jaclsonville and
points North. Train leaving Sanford at 4:40 p.m con-
nects daily at Sanford with fast trough mal trains on
the J.. T. and K.W. By.: and at Tampa on Tuesday.
Thursday and Satrday with steamers of Plant Stetm.
ihip Company for Key West and Havana.
Trains leaving Tampa at 800 p. m. connect at, lamps
n Sunday, Tuestday and. iday with. steanesan from
eailtrain for jacksontilline fo Jcsnvlea
S estanfrGeneral Frendaht and Ticket Agent.
General Freight and Ticket Aet

and high, a most unbecoming
for stout people, and shoulder
short, while the collar is just as]
it possibly "can be.
An economical underskirt for
wear may be made out of an ol
skirlt.. It is advisable to rem
trimmings except one flounce ab
edge, and to put in a new fa
buckram. Wash dress skirts ar
the better for this purpose, as t
be laundried, well stiffened, a
have more the appearance of E
An amateur dressmaker in atte
to make a gown at home invaria
the most trouble with the draper:
is usually inclined to too much I
The slight upward loop will
straight width to drape gracefu
loops one above the other form
shapeless bunch of material, .
fault is to cut the back drapery tc
whereas it should seldom be me
a few inches deeper than the un
and more generally draperies a
cut of the same depth as the found

The Care 'of the Hair
A metallic brush is, undoubi
very easy thing with which tc
and comb the hair when one is
for time, but it is also a fruitful
dandruff, and for that reason, i
other, should never be used.
use a coarse comb, and smooth
soft brush. Never use a fli
comb to remove dandruff; it c
creases the evil, and often causes
It also excites- any tendency to
mation or congestion of the scalp
To cleanse the scalp, soak it f
time in oil (either sweet oil or vz
then with a firm piece of flanr
soaped, rub thoroughly over t
scalp, mixing the soap and oil Y
gether. Then wet the flannel an
a good lather all over the head.
ward wash with warm water, a.
thoroughly. Dry with warni tow
let the hair hang loose until dry.
castor oil should afterward be
into the hair to replace the oil t
been removed by the washing.
Owing to a deficieAcy of oil, t
of the hair often split. To reme
dip them occasionally in oil.
there is considerable perspiration
scalp the hair often becomes "Isou
throws off a disagreeable odor
heads such be washed once a we
all brushes scalded.
Above all, avoid all patent h
dyes and washes. They often
matter which is hurtful to bo
and hair. The glands usually il
sufficient oil to make the hair i
glossy, if' proper care is paid to
ness. But if *any oil is require
sweet or -castor oil or vaseline
homeopathic physicians disapi
using either ammonia or bora
cleansing agent for the scalp, a
instead the whites of eggs, whi
tainly have the advantage of
-. .1 4 -

fashion Misfitting Shoes. 911
seams I think it is safe to say that ninety- | W
high as nine out of every hundred women wear
shoes that are too large in the instep. A Few Facts About Cake.
winter Shoes that are too large in the instep al- There is quite as good judgment re-
ov all -low the feet to crowd forward on to the uired to bake cake well. Have mod-
ove all toes and the result is there is a deform- ere heat for ordinary cake, though
out he .erate heat for ordinary cake, though
out the ity of some sort. When a woman's foot sponge cake requires a quick oven, and
cing of hurts her, nine times out of ten she will spongcake requcontaining res a quick oven, and
e0 much have the buttons of her shoes set so cake containing molasses should have a
hey can have they will he made largf her in the instep, so a slow one. Set a dish of water in the
nd they will and if her toes are troublin the instep, oven with cake when baking, and it sel-
a white and if her toes are troubling her the dom scorches. Closely watch the ovens,
a wie mischief is only increased. The button keeping the fire evenly as possible, by
mpting should be reset so as to make the instep using the various drafts of the stove or
bly ihas smaller and the shoe fit the better. The range. Do not try to do other cooking
es Shea slovenly-fitted shoe is the cause of nearly in the meantime, for if this is not "worth

looping. all the trouble.-Chiropodist. doing well," it is not worth doing at all.
cause a When cold, put away cake in a tin
illy, but j 0 1 box, closely covered.
Only a J Two apples kept in a box with it, will
Another keep (moderately rich) cake moist for
oo long, years, by renewing the apples when they
ore than Winter Flowers. become shrivelled.
rskirt A sie b o b i w For a tempting, presentable dish of cake
derskirt Anow single bud or blossom in winter, for the table, have a variety of clean-cut,
idatire now often gives us more pleasure and genu- medium-sized slices, of different shades
nation, ine delight than a whole garden fu'l of of color, and laid on without apparent
the most exquisite flowers during the order, and the effect IS good. Dark fruit
summerly abundance. This is the chief cake, angel cake, yellow pound cake and
reason why the Chinese Primrose has ladies' cake make a fair combination.
tedly, a such a firm hold on our affections. A dish of small cake is often appetiz-
Sbrush We hardly know of any class of plants ing, when the above kinds are not cared
pressed that may be grown with as little care and for; such as maccaroons, kisses, choco-
cause of trouble and give better satisfaction as a late cakes, and sponge cakes, or ladies'
f for no winter blossom than the Hyacinth. It fingers.-Ex. e
Always is a general favorite, and deserves to be,
with a as it has no rival in variety and delica- u l R c
he-tooth cy in color, in fragrance and ease of cul- Rural Recipes.
only in- tivation, and can be grown in water, BROWN SAUCE.-One half pint of milk,
eczema, moss or any light soil, in pots or boxes, one tablespoonful of butter, two table-
inflam- in the house or in the garden. spoonfuls of sugar, two tablespoonfuls
. We prefer and strongly recommend to of flour, and two tablespoonfuls of Mo-
or some our friends the single sorts, which grow lasses. Boil ten minutes.
aseline), stronger and more perfect than the dou- SOFT GINGERBREAD.-One cup of but-
ael, well ble ones and are fully as pretty, ter, one cup of sugar, one cup of mo-
the oily To produce flowers in winter, the lasses, one cup of sour milk, one tea-
veil to- bulbs should be planted in pots in good spoon of soda, one tablespoon of ginger
id make soil, or placed in damip moss or in hy- one teaspoon of cinnamon, two eggs,
After- acinth glasses, and put into a moderate- five cups of flour.
nd rinse ly cool and dark place until the roots PLAIN SALAD DRESSING.-Take a tab!e-
els, and well-nigh fill the pot and glass. They spoon, and holding it over the salad, put
A little are then ready for flowering and may be in it (the spoon) one saltspoon of salt,
rubbed placed in the window or conservatory, one fourth of that quantity of freshly
that has Popular Gardening, ground pepper and a tablespoonful of
oil; mix and add to the salad. Add
;he ends T Oanr three more tablespoonfuls of oil; toss the
dy this, The Oleander. salad lightly for a few seconds; add two
Where We are glad to have the oleander's tablespoonfuls of sharp vinegar; toss
a of the claims to public favor so forcibly urged the salad well and serve.
ir," and as they have been by our correspondent DELICIOUS CHOCOLATE FROSTING.-Boil
r. Such at Manatee. Of shrubs adapted to this together until it strings from the spoon,
eek, and State there are none more easily ob- one cup of light brown sugar, and one-
tained and propagated or that prove half cup of water. Remove from stove,
air oils, more satisfactory in all respects. By and stir in rapidly the whites of two-
contain last winter's ordolal of frost the oleander eggs beaten 'to a stiff froth, and one-
th scalp was proved to be sufficiently hardy, quarter of a cake of Baker's chocolate,
irow off even in Northern Florida, for, although finely grated. This is sufficient to
soft and the tops were ofIen killed, these were spread between three layers of cake, and
cleanli- renewed during the year by a fresh and on the top. Spread while warm.'
rdJ. use luxuriant growth from the roots. MISS PARLO'S receipt for tomato salad
. Some The oleander is most easily propa- is as follows: Select ripe tomatoes,
prove of gated by cuttings. Probably there is plunge them in boiling water for a mo-
ix as a no, better method than to out off the ment to loosen the skin, peel them and
and use end of a vigorous branch after the wood put them on the ice. Chop a small onion
ich cer- has hardened up, and insert it in a hot- very fine,and when you are ready to make
Being tie of water. This should stand or be the dressing slice the tomatoes, add
suspended in a light place, light seem- the chopped onion, and dress with a tea-
ing to stimulate the development of the spoonful of salt; saltspoonful of epper,
rootlets which soon push out- from the two tableipo -ti aeil ip"
Sman base of the cutting. of vinegar.
heman- The oleander loves moisture, heat and- .--TEMON PUDDING.-Creamn up one table-
now SO sunshine, the species common in i4'i-spoonful of fresh butter with one tea-
vaii'en& eodigenAalities cupful of sugar. Two eggs must be
., in the East Indies. On being introduced beaten up very light, and two lemons
itse f into the counitries'bordering the Mediter- provided for seasoning. Dissolve a table-
"tent ranean, the climatic :conditions proved spobnful of cornstarch in a little cold milk,
en.,6n- so congenial that it oon escape- from then pour over it a teacupful of boiling
en cultivation, and l run wild." On the water. Adild tot ihisthe butter, sugarand
yet be- banks of the Nile it is sail to grow in eggs. Rub the lemons until soft, grate
a.. profusion, and to become a small tree, the rind into the batter, and also strain
rllc the as it does occasionally in Florida. Judg it into the juice. Bake in puff paste.
d ing from the b-ehavior of cuttings we This quantity-makes two puddings, and
ade SlyO surmise that. when growing in its native will be found vvtiry nice.
e.w.o wilds on the banks of streams it loves
Spait is to push out its roots into the running
garment ,water, jusLasthe willows do. ': (- END YOUR
be orige'. On account of its love of-moisture the -. I"I r-;^i "
is then word Nerium was fixed upon for the job) / IPi
,ho care- o h euPitrc
ne time name of the genus, that being the Greekl, TO THE TIMES-UNION JOB ROOMS.
b name of a sea nymph, whence, also,%. .
,y be ex- Nereid, nerita, (a sea-shell,) and other
ion she similar words.. The name Oleander- i.- SWOUTH FLORIDA ItAILROAD,
r"n from the French oleandre, which is sup- ..
akes th posed to be a corruption of the Latin for CENTRAL STANDARD TIME.
xall. Path rose-tree. Botanists have adopted it as -
a:eduon the specific name of the Syrian inodt-'On and aeSunday, November 14th, 1018, trainsW M
l-drite. rous species; they designate that as Ne- r except Sundays, daily except Hoiday.
,,i~ *!'* mum meander, and the fragrant Indian
os mk ("species as Nerium odorum. With all its LIMITED WEST INDIA FART MAIL.
ast mak- merits the Oleander has the demerit of Leave Sanford for Tampa and wayatatioin...* 4 4 P.m
th a- ...Arrive at Tampa I........8500pm33
the pat- being very poisonous, like the yellow Returning leave Tampa at t* "ooip
jessamine, which, though of doubtful Arrive at Sanford I0a041
ofma-relationship., is placed in the same family,.
Ofession' by-eminent botanists. We learn from a STEAMBOATEx .
iplicate8stadr ok ht- lene od Leave Sanford for Tampa and way stations.01~0 30 a M
dor di-stndarworkthat Arrive at Tampa at 3 40 pmELL
flowers and leaves are very poisonous; Returning leave Tampa at 9 20 aIx
id small, death has followed using-its. wood a. Arrive at Sanford at 2 8l p
ns of te meat skewers; an infusion of its leaves, BARTOW BRANCH.
ho stand is an active insecticide, and its bark a. Leave Bartow Junction.ii 15 am 210 7i1pm
se sheets rat poison." This and our yellow jessa- Arrive Bartow...........a........... 5am 5. s10 8 15pm
r, spred mine re. inernal pis I ,Leave Bartow ....................9 40amIn12 50 .0 olpi
', spread mine are internal poisons, and though Arrivsjartow Junction.10 40 a m 140 6 l0p
an mark- both have medicinal principles, these PEMBERTON FERRY BRANCH.
ith large have to be extracted by a professional
Mls, who,- pharmacist:-A. H. C. Operated by the South Florida Railroad:
fold and Leave BartowforPemberton Ferry.


Level Si. Augusiine....................8 0 a m 1230 p m
Arrive Poliatka .........................90 5 a m 1 40 p m
Lea'e PalaUka.. ............... ........10 1I a m 4 50 p 2a
.krriveSi. AaguaUrie................-II 30 a m d 00 p m
Lr.av k Aguatirle.....................6 a0 a m 3 15 p m
Arrn-ie Palkas 905am 4 2s p m
LtasI PaiaV a salam m 460pm
ArriF. i AupgLSule-................. JO0 a m 6 00 p m
At Palatka cont. i:a bh Fl.rida Soubihern R'y
Jacksonville, Tampa and Ke" eat R'y.a nd St. JohnIS
River steamers to ni1 from ilh poLnt LIDn South Flor-
ida. The Monarjci Parlor Obirciatsry Car "Ymir"
willbe on this line by Di'mtinbr ihe u10b.



Lev -S.Auotin... ... -~ t .

Leave St. Augustine...................... 6 30 "p m ..........
Arrive Tocoi 6 15 p m ..........
Leave Tocoi 6 45 p m ..........-
Arrive St. Augustine..................7 30 p m ...........
Connects at Tocol with Fast Mail Steamers from
Jacksonville to all points in South Florida.

Leave St. Augustine...................10 45 a m 2 45 p m
Arrive Tocol 11 30 a m 3 30 p m
Leave Tocol U 45 a m 345 p m
Arrive St. Augustine..................12 30 p m' 30 p mn

Connects at Tocol with the fast and popular steamer,
John Sylvester of the Post Line, to and from Jackson-
ville, giving 2 hours and 15 minutes at St. Augustine
aud return to Jacksonville same day, makingthis'a dLe-
sirable route for TouriSts. Trains run into St.. A.ugus-
tine within three minutes walk of the Plaza.

W. J. JARVIS, Gen. Freight & Pass. Agt.
Gen. Supt.


In effect November 15th, 1886.

No. I NO. S
Leave Jacksonville.................. 9130am 2 0pm
Arrive Pablo Beach.................. 10 15 am 315 p m
fo. 2 No.4
Leave Pablo Beaclh.................. 1205pm 430pm
Arrive Jacksonville........................ 112 0pm 1520pm

Trains No. 1, 2,3 and 4 run daily.

___ Back A che, Kidney Pains, ]Bip,
,rr- Side and Chest Pains. and all Strains
Hrand Weakness, relieved in one
"ral.lminute, by the Cuttlera Antl-
L__-"'Pain ]Plaster. At druigsts, 26
Tn cents; five onr (1. PLtler Drug aid
-Chemical C .. Botton.

The firm of McIver& Baker, proprietors of
theE unval hotel, dissolved by -mutual con-.
sent. Mr.J.E. Baker will continueas sole
proprietor, ool'ecttng all bills and assum-
lg the labUltLes of said flim of Mcoiver &
Bakeer, Mr. MovetrieUrlngrom the business.,
J. E. B K.ER.
Jacksonville, Fla., December 14,1886.

TIME CARD IN EFFFCTr DEC. 27, 1866, 1 05 a. in.
No. 19.
All Trains Run by UU, ...ridian Time (Central).
Shortest and Quickest Route to New Orle'is; and the
Southwest. Direct POnnections to Points West
and Northwest.
"a" means A. M. tiie. "p" means P. M. time.
Read up. Read down.
No. 10. No. 2. No. 1. No. 9.
t11 45 a 7 30 p ArJacksonville............Lv 8 00 a 3 00p
10 S30 a 650 p ArBaldwin..................Lv 841a 3 50p
S18 a 5 lS p Ar Lake.City.................Ar 10 10 a 58 p
7 12 a 4 27 p Ar Live'Oak...........;....Ar 10 58 a 7 05 p
6 01 Ola 3 26 p Ar Madison................... Ar -12 01 p 8 37 p
5 15 a 2 50 p Ar Monticello...............Ar 1 35 p 10 35 p
3 10 a 1 05 p Ar Tallahassee..............Ar. 2 27 p 11 25 p
1 40 a 12 08 p Ar Quilcy....................Ar 3 22 p 1 40 a
12 01 a 11 25 a Ar River Junction........Ar 4 0p 3 30a
11 00 p 10 20 a ArMarlanna.................Ar 5 07p 4 5 a
8 00p 8 15 a LvDeFuniakSpringa.-Ar 7 05p 8 00 a
,no p 5 15 a-ILvPensacola.................Ar 10 10p 11 50 a
12 15 p 3 00a LvFlomaton.................Ar 11 59p 3 18p
1 00 a Lv Mobile.................Ar 225 a -
- 6 00 p Lv New Orleans............Ar 7 20 a -
7 20a 7 50 p LvMontgomery............Ar 7 15a 7 08p
7 55 p 7 7 a LvNashviUle.................Ar 6 40 p 7 20 a
12 45 p 12 45 a LvEvansville............... Ar 1 10a 2 35p
2 R n 12 36 a Lv Louisville................Ar 2 25 a 2 20 p
-8 15a 8 20 p LvCincinnati ...............Ar 6 35a 6 35p
7 10 a 7 20 p LvSt. Louis..................Ar 7 40 a 8t00p
b a p 8 40 p Lv Chicago....................Ar 10 30 a 8 0 p
Sleeping Cars on No. 1 and 2 between Jacksonville and
New Orleans. F. R. and N. Sleeping Cars Jacksonville
to DeFuniak on No. 9 and 10, No. 1, 2, 9 and 10 daily.
Shortest and Quickest Route to Gainesville, Ocala,
Leesburg, and all points in South Florida.
Read up. Read down.
No. 4. No. 8. No. 7. No. 3.
4 00 p 11 25 a Ar Fernandina.............Lv 10 10 a 4 45 p
2 47 p 7 45 a Ar Callahan.................Ar 11 24a 451 p
1 47p 6 00 a LvBaldwin.............. ...Ar 12 25 p 10 16 p
2 40p 6 30 a Ar Jacksonvilk...........Lv 11 35 a 8 30 p
1 55p 5 30a LvBaldwinii..................Lv 12 40p 10 00 p
1 00p 4 03a LvLawtey................ .Ar 1 20p 11 05p
12 45a 335 p LvStarke......................Ar 132p 11 27p
lo I0 a 10 00 p Lv Gainesville..............Ar 3 30 p 6 45 a
7 10a 3 10a LvCedarKey...............Ar 6 45p 1 45p
11 31p 1 45 a Lv Hawthorn ...............Ar 2 26 p 12 58a
11 04a 12 65 a LvCitra Orange.Lake....Ar 2 55 p I 43 a
10 22 a Lv Silver Spling........... Ar 3 36p -
10 10op 11 38 a LvOcala........................Ar 3 50p 2 45a
10 oop 9 08 a Lv Wildwood ...............Ar 4 53p 4 15 a
5 00 oop LvPanasoukee.............. Ar -- 9 40 a
3 20p Lv St. Catherine............Ar 11 00 a
913p 8 40 a Lv Leesburg..................Ar I 20p 4 53 a
8 30 p 8 15 a Lv Tavares....................Ar 5 45 p 5 30 a
7 37p 7 23 a LvAppopke..................Ar 6 37p 7 21 a
7 10p 6 55 a LvOrlando..................Ar 7 06p 7 54 a
Through Pullman Sleeping Cars, Nos. 3 and 4 between
Jacksonville and Orlando without change. Nos. 7 and
8 daily. Nos. 3 and 4 daily except Sunday.
Read up. Read down.
No. 11. No. No. 6. No. 12.
445 p 8 40a ArJacksonville............Lv 500p 805a
3 00p 7 15 a LvFernandina..............Ar 6 20 p 10.o00 a
At Callahan with Savannah, Florida and Western
Railroad for Savannah, Miacon, Atlanta, Charlestoi,
Washington, Baltimore, New York Cincinnati, St.
Louis, Chicago, and. all points North, Wast and North-
west. "
At Silver Springs, with Ocklawaha River Steamers.
At St. Catherine, with Florida Southern Railroad, for
Brooksville, Bartow and Ttnipa.
At Orlando with Soith Florida Railroad for Sanford,
Lakeland anm Tampa.
At Cedar Key, with Steamer Governor Safford Monday
and Thursday for Manatee and Tampa.
sails from Fernandina Sunday and Wednesday; from
Jacksonville Friday, for Charleston and New York.
Steamer Express leaving Jacksonville 8:05 A. M.,
Wednesday iand Saturday, connect with the elegant
Steamer St. Nicholas. Inside Route for Brunswick,
Darien Savannah, connecting with steamers for Balti-
more, Philadelphla, New York and Boston.
Steamers Express leaving Jacksrinville daily 8:05 a. m.,
City of Brunswick connects with steamer for Brunswick
and through trains of the E. T. and G. and B. and W.
WALTER G. COLEMAN; Gen. TravelingAgent.
General Passenger and Ticket Agent.
Traffic Manager.
D. E. MAXWELL, Gen. Supt.



Building Material
JktebIflWhMinW 8 -'
4'0leOan4 'weo"ma, 6'g"I- oppoatle

rar"a Wolf 'Strsdtt~d F *YrfdTmus



Western Railway.


All Trains of this Road are run by Central Standard
Passenger Trains will leave and arrive daily as follows -
Webtind a Fa't'Mall.
Leave Tampa via S. F. R. R.........;.............. 8 00 p in.
Sanford J.T..&K. W.................... 100 am
Jacksonville 7 00 a in
Arrive Jacksonville 12 00 noon,
Waycross ;Q >i_,Xj".
Savannah 11", 5 in" am i
Charleston 4 50' p'., -pT.
Richmond 6,49 am.
Washington 11 00 am i.
Baltimore 12 18 p in.
Philadelphia 247 pmin
New York 6 30 am
S Pullman Buffet Cars Tampa to Washington, and New
York to Tampa.
New Orleans Express, '
Leave Jacksonville 7 00 am.
Arrive Jacksonville 785 p m, .
Leave Callahan 7 33 a m.
ArriveWaycross 910, am
Thomasville 122 p nm.
Bainbridge 3 35 p m
Chattahoochee 404 p m,
Pensacola via L. & N.. R. .................. 10 0 pm
Mobile via L. & N. ...................R... 2 15 a m.
at New Orleans via L. & N. R. R..:E....... 7 10 a mn
Albany 342 p rm.
Macon via Central R. R..................... ... 8 24 p m.
Atlanta via Central R. R....................12 15 a in.
Chattanooga via W. & A. R. RB............. 5 55 a n-
Nashville via N.C.& St. L.BR.BR..........11 45 am.
Louisville via L. & N. R. R................... 6 50 p m,
Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jacksonville anil
New Orleans via Pensacola and Mobile,and to and fonmi
Jacksonville and Louisville via Thomasville, Atlanta
and Nashville, and Cincinnati to Jacksonville v la Jesup..

A. C. Line Express.
Leave Jacksonville ........... 2 05 p ni,
ArriveJacksonville 12 00 noon.
Leave Callahan 247 p in,
hattahoochee 11 30 am.
Thomasavlle 1 45 p in.
ArriveWaycross4....... 440 p inm,
Brunswick via B. & W. R- R................. 8 28 p ln.
Jesup6 0 16 p m.
Macon via E. T. V. & Ga. R. R..........11 20 p in,
Atlanta via E. T. V. &-Ga. R. RB........... 225 a in.
Chattanooga via E. T. V. & Ga. i. R.... R 20 a in,
Cincinnati via Cin. So. R'y................... 6 42 p mi
Savannah 7 5 *p in
Charleston 125 a m.-
Wilmington 3 30 a m
Weldon 2 15 p m
Richmond 6 00 p m
Washington 11 00 p m
'" Baltimore 12 35 a in
Philadelphia 3 45 a m
New York 650 am
Pullman Buffet Care to and from Jacksonville and
New York, also Jacksonville to Cicininnali via Jesup.
.1 East Florida Express.
Leave Jacksonville 5 00 p n.
Arrive Jacksonville S 55 a inm.
Leave Callahan......... 5 41 p min.
Waycross 7 58 p nm,
Gainesville 3 5 p m.
Lake City 320 pum.
Live Oak 7 20 p m
Thomasville 11 30 p min
ArriveAlbany ,..........1 55 am
Montgomery via Central R. BR.............. 7 30 a m
Mobile via L. &N. R. R .......................2 10 p m.
New Orleans via L. & N. R. i ............... 7. 30 p in.
Nashville via L. & NR. R i.............. 7 05 p m
Louisville via L. & N. R. R................... 2 12 am
Cincinnati via L. & N. R. R.................. 6 30 a m
St. Louis via L. &N. R. R..................... 7 40 amxr.
Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jacksonville and
Louisville via Thomasville. Albany, Montgomery- and.
Nashville, and to and from Bartow and Montgomery
viaGainesville. -
Savannah Express
Leave Jacksonville 8 15 p in
Arrive Jacksonville 6.15 amin
Leave Callahan 9 05 p m
Arrive Callahan 525 a m
Leave Gainesville 3 55 p m
Arrive Gainesville 10 05 a m .
Leaye Lake City 320 pm
Arrive Lake City 10 15 a m,
Leave Live Oak 7 20 p mu
Arrn. L,' .... .... ... 6 4i a r
A AnL.A.,,6 a m
.Art,-,r,,,. :r. .1' ':, fi 7 .* p ie
.il.: -'. ,,-'-- 0 a ..... 6 i,
L *..,.:. .. I N R P.. ..... I':. p r
Cr..,Uiii i a L. N R R ... ...... i p i.,
t ,,,I s v 5 L & N. R R ........... 'i p ut
\'V i,:,i'.:i .. ..... .. .......1 ;I ,) p m
Bruali-siK %la S W. R ...... a n,
\ iiu B V W R R ....... F 44 a ni
Ml -n...,-i' l i, tih I R.. R .... .......... 90 a
ina i -la. i CCrrnIUi R R .......... 1 0 r po
,l, i',. :.' -a ei W A. R. R.. .. ....1.. 7 i p .
P J.iur .. ...... .. ... ... I lU0 a n
r" ie,,-i.cK ,ia E T. v & Ga. a ..... 6 uo a i.
Ma.-. .a E. r. V. A. G .R R .......i. a in
S .\lifilI Ma E r. V & Ga. R ....... 11 3U a m
S" Ct'ifldr.)or viaE. I V. & Gi.. B .. 6 .61 p m.
Cinr.nnm'ii v.a C(in. So. R' "............... 6 41 a ro
S .annah .............................. ..... ... J .a m
CiUK.aMiOn ............................ L2 1 5 p m
Wil.nirg.n ....................... ... 3 p m
RiBch t'ri, i ........................... ....... 16i 5 a m
W ahjli ton ........... ....... .............. 3 40 p m .'
Balumi ore.. ................................. 4 64 p m ..
PhLlaid a ... .... ........ ...... ...... 17 p m -
N" ,N w TY r ..... ......... .. ........... 0 p m .
Pullman Buffet Carsand Mann Bondoir Buffet Car :
via Waycr,,,. AJbsnv and Macon. ad via Waycroa..
.Ji-ap and banon; oeieean-lJacksonviloeadincini-at.. : -.
Al.i Thruug',ii P,np-r Coachea'be'weefn acksonilIe
u n l C t i a t ta ,o og a .'t 'a
Pdhllr,.n B.ffi Lars i aol iroin Jacksonville and
Na..hv]lel via Thomasaslle and Montgomiery..
Pallinan Bnuffe Cartbeulieen Jacksonville and Wash-
Thlroovib Ti'k-is sold to all p)lnrta by Rail and seleam-
sbhri onseiuona. and BSr.age Checkhd Through. Alsa
Slieeirpil Car BenhsandSiCItonSActbrEd al Company's
Of-,c.. h ,smr B.,ulaing ,2 Bay sieel. and a l Passen. Skill.,n, awll o[i oarJ People's Line Steamersa. B. t.
Piari nd Chaiacr.,ochee and DeBary-Baya Line
.armr CIi, ,1" Jack*-ville
%" 1WR. P. .ARDEE,
General Passonger Agent.
t. kL.'Lil.%, auperotlcriniDi.



Daily Except Sunday.

Leave Jacksonville via J., T. & K. W...............1280p .M
Arrive Palatka 2-15 p a.
Leave Palatka via Ferry Armasmear........... 2 20 p a
Arrive Rolleiston 2 5 p n
LeaveRolleston 00 p m
ArriveTomoka OO5pa00p
Making cohnecttons with steamers and. hacks ,for
freiglt and passage for Ormond, Daytona, andall polh
on Halifax River. .. :
LeiveTomoka a0aa
Arrive Rolleston 10 30 a m.
Leave Rolleston via Ferry Armsmear............_10 865 a m
Arrive Palatka 11M 00 am
Leave Palatka 11 82am.
Arrive Jacksonville 12I 8pMl.
-itaking close connections for all point s North
W est. -. .
I..-'.li)l Indacementa to Immlgrants and exe -'
Thmurii raies or frreiht given to all points on tbs.
Easi Co(nI. and as low as by any other tine.
Road will be completed in a eaw days to Ormond asa
,Daytona; tlius rendering the hack tranfer UfneeensiV.
Traffic Manager.

-I..,..,- -, .... ........................ -


*.-,<-.;<>.R-EBTAVIEUN- ,--

St Augustine and Palatka
St. Augustine & Palatka Ry;

l.Beduelion in Time! RednuelionIn Raiel
Commencing Monday. Nov. 29th, trains will
:.-- run as follows:


f December what it ought to be-a gala breeze, because she sat inside screened by a careless father, and a foolish mother, Generalj Jackson as a Farmer.
mn day for the dung folk. An evergreen the canvas, but a cold rush of air came she will go utterly to the bad in the end. All accoutsagreethatGeneral Jack-
arm a dn da fotree of size sunted to the number of the down on her head, caused by the. rapid I see it all before me. It cannot be other, son was a vigorous, vigilant and always
household can be kept firmly in place by upward sweep and displacement. As you bend a plant so it will grow. successful farmer. To use the language
CHRISTMAS ON THE FARM-STOCK inserting it in a hole bored in a heavy LITTLE TI 'PoV It would have been pleasanter if p ss- hatare sighingabut he oungs. :
HRISTMAS ON THE FARM-STOCK square block of wood. A small tree may wiou i, J i L1 ble, to have sat outside She would have "Sighing,. mother? I'm blowing the f the extraordinary fertility of the o l
SHOWS-WORN OUT LANDS. be set upon a table; fora large onea rude seen more of the world: the great bulk of flower out of my lungs." Trendered this a comparatively easy task;
low platform can be constructed. Cover the mill would not have intervened be- Next day he was not in his usual but the crops on the Jackson estate were
A Sensible CisternBreed Swine for table or platform with green baize, or, BY S. BARING GOULD. tween her and the prospect. But that amiable frame of mind when the girl ap- exceptionally large, even for that .pro-
better still, with mosses and lichens. was not possible. As a babe crows when feared in the mill door, a lovely appar- ductive land. In middle life he was a
Other Points than Fat-An Important The tree may be lighted with tapers or CHAPTER IV. swung into the air by the stout arms of tion, dark against the brilliant sky be- man of noticeable activity, of brisk, quick
Fowl-New and Beautiful Plant-Win- ordinary small lanterns covered with HOW SHE MADE HE FIRST FLIGHT. father or mother, so did Trip exclaim with hind, standing on one leg, ith a hand movement,and capable of long-continued
ter Feeding of Sheep. bright colored flannel. Festoons of pop- exultation as he was carried aloft. She on exeeartion.h doorpost Helookin in and sinin.everything
corn strung on a thread furnish a cheap TRIP watched the mill after this a had no fear of the beam giving away-of His gry eyes rested on the gr as old Hannah remarked. He was alsoeverything
Feed racks ought to be so constructed aid at the same time effective decoration. good deal; without discussing her plan her swing snapping. She saw the swal- figure. The face was in shadow beca a manof forethought, and laid out the
that sheep can procure their food without The bright lights, the white trimmings with any one, it became matured in her lows dashing about her, careless of the a sunlit white cloud was behind it and wrkof the plantation with care anthe
tearing the wool from their necks or fill- contrasting with the green, with paper brain. Fly she would, and that not sails, twittering and screaming, and quite he blew the flour again out of his lungs skill. One of hi neighbors aid: "care an
ing their fleeces with dust, chaff or hay cornucopias and bags of nuts and candies metaphorically, like the Tottenhams, indifferent to her presence. She saw away She continued warbling, standing on ndrew Jackson heard a lasb bleating
seed. Make the floor of the loft close and will make the tree a "thing of beauty" from poverty to wealth, from a keeper's over the bean field, over the park trees- one leg. in the night he would get up and see to
tight to prevent the dropping of dust from in the eyes of children almost without the cottage to a king's palace like the beg- she saw the roof, the chimneys of the hall Hush!" sai Joe, starting to the it" His strong point a planter was,
above. A rack suitable for hay or straws additional surprises in the' shape of gifts gar Maid-but bodily, also on the sails of -she saw what she had never seen be- stairs. "There is the bell ringing; the it. tis stronstant as a planter was,
approved of by Henry Stewart and used that ingenious hands have made and hung the mill. She was, as already said, a fore, the well in the roof into which hopper is empty. loft Tr his slver, the was a thoughtful and
bythe many eastern faiutmers is illustrated in e t n e e heshrewd girl, and she 'saw that she must water was pumped to supply the house. When Joe had gone aloft, Trip pro- his slaves. He was a thoughtful and
upon the tree. In order to heighten the allow t miller to suspect she was She saw ver the houseaway away dued her whistle and piped. He did not wise master, although one f his over-
res t falls down to the front where the a to i c r ois ew anwated What a luttering of white there was come down till he had filled the hopper. seers complained that he was too indul-
be abough t to be losed with bas in the same beeft ofhouseholdsthativare farin them- still set on her plan. Consequently, he away-to the blue gleaming river, with Then he descended leisurely. die found gent, which made discipline difficult
bars are front, so thaes apart and may be selves should be wrapped inwhe pre the mak-colored observed her opportunity on the sly. specks on it.
reep inoak, ashnd get lor chestnut, finished smooth, papers and tied with bright ribbupons. She saw that the mill was stopped She saw nearer a fielchdthe highest it es tthe girl seated n a flour sack, dear Joe." whouldge t the was at home. On retiring from
made o anyh thick by 1 inhes wide genuity or making wreaths and otherwise when byoe went to his dinner, or when he worked point og-no-it was not a man, it was a "You cart on the forsack, thinkingmore than mercantile business in Somewhat em-
The front of the rack should slope tack- trimming sitting room and parlor ground was adjusting the stones, without the scarecrow. There were pieces of tin tied for me," she said; whenn the hopper harassed circumstances, he had but
ward art the top 8 or 4 inches to b pine represents a favorite material. A sais being furled. The drag was put on, to a string, dickering and flickering in rings you run up t it, when I whistle about twenty slaves, but these increased

| spending oft pmuch roney. To these house- wais new and good, the handles ptsond e io finger on the coimpe her chek, and number, until at the time of his
holdst little holly with its red berries combines and the cowings brought to a stop. Then, the air and sun. She could not hear th you will not hernot without me. adn h th h

upo holidata or le the frem has A rari of handsomely "i tth ho d ie ne ,eBecause I am really needed at the death he possessed more thaa hundredBottles.
upon preparations by arranging a f ew branches dar, when Joe returned to his work, or when click-she could not see the flash, hopper; as I have already turned heroud put into the feld a working
the rack sloping boards are fitted, so that spruce and hemlock can all be utilized for the stones were ready, the clog was Yonder was the house of the old woman, when you really need me, I will come to force of forty hands. They were like so
as part of the hay or straw is eate th house decoration. Some sprays of brie and raised, and the arms begaited behin to re- who took in the washing for the hal you. many children under a liberal and pa
rest falls down to the front were the red bitter sweet a ndows ark green volvo. This would be her occasion, and way, lest a fluttering of white there was "If I whistle" sack dow ent father. "es," Theis
sheep' ca reach it. The end of troe rack will give a pleasant touch of color. n for this she watched and waited the lines, and oh! one blazing red petti- "Without your whistle. When you overser rs, "he gnatedl spoiled so n bofi

pon these walls. Little people are quite can never scheme was a bean field without re- ve, thehuse s b fid Give me a ride down." des with defibrmated blood, lime pow-
Ought to be closed with bars in the same benef it home made confections arn calling the words of old e ad coat, like at tuli e a o ca were flying or rather falling you didn't negroes, and sulpif they got into tro dble.
wy as the front, so that laandbs cannot practicalome made sme f my son is as the smell of a field The beas labored, groaned; the canvas call e, but I ame." right or wrong, they arew o laced im and her,
reep in and get lost. This rack may be from tow icles or cities and where the mak- striped yellow, red and blue. T he ord flped; Trip h ad reached the grund she would he r st and on one side. and
deing these a merry Chistmasdepends upon the passed through these s like the fra- have leaped down had he dared, but she "Yes atthe right moment, dear Joe." wouldget them off, iformt we are possible to

ages borne on Christmas trees grance exhaled by beans-no, not that of rd ew such a leap wloud leI- to broken sack, it is trhe, is going to be let by the or pressure with the lime which i per-
EED ACK FO SHEEP. roses, heliotropes, orange flowers bones and, perhaps, eath trap into the basement, but never, and in fecty impermeable to spirituous liquor.
f foods table for the Keep the stern an. Tcur ed by a knot at eah endge. In the ord -up-up again. The panorama, no way, w i I let you down Go below The and h e bottles are made in two piecesuri.
a and bean ha cor spending of much money. To these house was new and good, the handles solid up Agai n that horriblewn, scarerow, with the sack is removed I w haul yo up."

oe rotsoNvo n ,enstdcoip drinking ann culinary purposes. In many the pink spires of the willow herb.c straw stickingoutof thecronofab She went out at the door, ran down the i tueded 'Emr
S wh otto seed and sections it iste possible to give ont least a She could trust her weight to the cord itered hat, again the sa nk a sensation o the tsinki steps, and presently he saw her through
Scake ea ad bran furnish holiday air to the home, if noting elaborate would not break, however severely tested Her hands clung tothe rope the hole n tw.he e weighing house ALyn clergyman relates on one

felpdfom which r hoie omd are a danger to health because of the im- and stalk, not sufficient to mingle with quivering. Her heart fluttered. fear be- and floor of the flour chamber, holding occasion, after marrying a couple, an
preparations by arranging a few branches by her. the rich, delicate odor of gan to take possession aoft her, rising lke the chain once the brightened, turned here
S edi values of or sprays of Christmas greens here and For several days Tip waited behind a id she. Tears rust hed into her eyes. Should give heavedhim, and p she ame, with bright, posed, of course contained e on marrage
Si there about doors and windows and thorn hpeeredge in through the thorfield, inhaling way, lest the knots should relax. She Je, you are goingto let this sackdown scale in Germany and foAustra. The pof
Saround pictures esor in graceful fashion the, whose sails wetness of the flowers. came down faster than she wentroup; the into the basement. It ison the trap. peris impregnated' war coated on bothWe de-
fri A cistern may b dee both ost and whirer came to her through the tho river, the house, the trees, the bea field Give me a ride his hands, an des with defibrinated blood, lime pw-

isotennecar i deroto vermin pthe was. Little p e e can never pass a beain fhiseld withoue jack et the creaking of there ike sas, or lost amords. lifed her on to the floor and closed t de o a *ft-d
4 fanciful shapes and practical home made smell of, my son is as the smell of a field There was a swimming in her head. and lifted her from the sack, ,and made ing, the leaves are placed on each other,
ost o the feeig to select the that support the floor b e bedded in the an cap, with blessed." When she reached the ground she would her stand on one side. wllow.andthe put into heated moulds. Theal
Sth i onomicalinthese are presented in mysterious pack- There is no sweetness like the fra- hav e leaped down had she dared, but she "Rundown, little woman, belowsaid. "Nev bume o the blood forms a combination
ages borne on Christmas trees. grance exhaled 'by beans-no, not that of knew such a leap would lead to broken sack, it is true, is going te be let by the or Iressure with the lime which is per-
FEED RACK FOR SHEEP. roses, ad brorange flowers the ere all nd, nothing but hand clutch- down; to the basement,many who know no better, and in fec impermeable to spituous liquors.
The variety of foods suitable for the Keep the Cistern Cean. Trip sat behind th hedge. In the Up-uprop again. The panorama, no way, will I let you down Go below These bottles are made in two pieces, up a
winter feeding of sheep is extensive. A large per cent of sickness is due to shallow ditcn grew abundant mint, in fan-like, unfolded once more before her. and stand" on-the trap, and when, the which are joined afterwards.-Ex. -
Hay, straw, pea and bean haulm, corn- the impurities in the water used for gray flower, and there and there shot up Again that horrible scarecrovi, with the sack is removed Iwill haul you up."
dder, 'and roots of various kinds raicorn, drinking and n ulinarypurposes. In many the pink spires of the will Joherb. straw sticking out f the crown of abat- She went ut at the door, ran down the For ckee re'Em.
oats, rye, buckwheat, cotto seed and sections cisterns are deepened on for other When he crushed the mint it exhaled tered hat, again fathe blinking took possession steps, aning. How should saw he She. was afrogher to see e recipient risk
linseed oil cae, meal and bran furnish a water supply; these when ill constructed scent, but only ear the bruised watch theaves sof her, and wih hands clung toeeling the ropethe hole in the roof f theweighghouse Lynn clergyman relates that o e -.

pe traw is prefer~red by roa x to s fr*e and let 11,.-r.p flor extend a had belonged to his father Then he she must throw hefrelf out of her seat. [TO BEChONTINdEDJ ug quirer.
wide field from which a proper choice or f are a danger to health because of the im-aroud and stalk, not sufficient to ming quivering. Her heart fluttered; fear be- and floor of the flouoccasion after marrying a couple, an
ood can be made. purities which obtain access to water and wand overebme the rich, delicate odor of gan to take possession of her, rising like 'the chain of the lift, and looking up. Hq envelope was handed him which he sup-
The' relative- feeding values of these unfit it for use. Every part around the 'the bean. a tide. Tears rushed into her eyes. She heaved, and- up she came, with bright, 'posed, of course. containeditbe marriage
various substances asfood will determine surface of a cistern ought to be' made, Trip peered through the thorns at the could see nothing more, except the black uplifted face and fluttering white hair, fee. Onopening it he found a -piece of
hir relative money values, andclose mill, whose sails were whirling, and the cloud that hung over the metropolis and miles in her dancing eyes. Then paper on which was written, We de-
differ anid fluctuate from time to time, it A cistern may be made both frost and whirr came to her through the thorns. She cried, but her cries we re drowned by he knelt,, put out both his hands, and sreyour prayers.-Lynn Item.
is often necessary, inu order to secure the vermin proof as follows: Letthe beams Now she sawithemillerinhiswhite jacket the creaking of the sails, or lost among liftd her on to the floor and closed the
Sprofiton the feeding, toelect the that support the floobe beddedin the andcap, wit his white dusted face a the screams of the swallows. he felt no trap. ..ent ed an-.
food that is most rconomieal in its use, wallforslolderof the cisternand covered the door calling to the boy, and the boy part of her but her bands, as though she "So, Little Tu'pe.,nyI" hesaid. "Never
although it may be the highest, in price, with lime or cment mortar, leaving a answered, and brought a donkey to the were all hand, nothing but band clutch- down; too many who know no better are is said a charitably disposedteam
Clover hay is one of the most valuable of smooth surface all around for the first foot of the mill. Ing at the rope. Every other sensation doing that with you; I will always put boat captain and some others made up a
single foods for winter use, provided i t. floor Cover thi with a sead floor Presently Joe end the man stopped the went away Like a dissolving view, and. out my hands aud help you up." pony purse for the 'poor Indiansat
was cut when in blosom, cured so as to raised eight or ten inhes on a frame of mill. It was noon. Trip saw Joe stand nothing came in its place. An over- But she U Mderstod nothing of his Frt Pikens andwere red .
preserve all its good quahtie- and kept tWO hy)3 mh joists made cf Cedar or other on the steps at the mill door, with his powering dread of falling took possession meaning. How should shep She was after to see the recipient risk-d ait.
Sfree from damp and mold. We cured ood Pak the ,-.h l, against silver watch in his hand, abg watch that of her, and with the dread a feeling that ,t ut a child. little m of three-card 'nt.
pe.. n is preferred by many next to this frames ani let [l,.: top floor extend a had belonged to his father. Then he she must throw herself out of her seat. TO BE CONINUE i
c tr iy-sandbpefo t rLimothy or any few inlhe`s 00e0oim d mth- frame all around. signed to his man to follow, and they Only her will held her in-her will con-c i mb .nu
o a s srr1iieatn ihy walked toward the cottage cen rated in the muscles of her bands--

other for o bay. ouatd d Ted d e eatn by J a ma hsi.ilthful f booredl. Barley, byn Trip's'opportuuity had come. she was perfectly conscious of what -thde' F "'
wlheat and-rye straw irel1 help to keep life" The .,Nu space about the mill was clear. resultoi d i should she fall-fall she -
In the stock, but are not sufficiently d She left the bean field, entered the gate, 'must-fall s ahe would a -.l .' r,'
n vntbu m h ut tt very apogee an U -.-.u.rut. the .mill a -g' a;"_o:..,l t
nutritive to contributed Iuch to the nand crossed the magic circles b -fah l and become.a shatteredheap like n,* .'
growth of flesh or wool and ought there- the wheel ofi f the fan tat turns the mill. th o le d miller, Joe's fathers d i; e .
fare to bre used only as adjuncts to roots Then she cutiously.approached the sta-e th e orl, n .d .....

PL w iting f or, a lon g ta e bo t orn of tte cra in terine j p n gst w n the t o held .p ioe whatever wall nowi H ow y r The orror be came |ell.e n
and grains'o T oil cakte meal. Rye straw ee eateeb e e is tte e otr s ha ae .u .
ous to pregnant ew esand is also the occa- ton ay, -.vs't h 'l v : hakbov o er e d HthV e w-o6.- W h h .
The etia dit baloo atnda me n oere i the mhoiublg. njhe Lile up f ha nd a ldve the r," .e i-ed i Vu Z
sion of in lammiation f the stomach and ',u ... s'i g thi. a wiengy wt h iind waa e.n ets antiwon. t l :.-

-,T(;38bo '.^y o f lowers. Ifca- 0tle tdosible ad sosAows re- oution i n th at' dao, eswn I sh a cy Aftw tnro e and she Tubpeard. 1, 17
-iitestines tOshoe p that feed on it. aSuch: reo po n supp t p oea th e d .e e .ng' in d d p n t to f i t ,e i t e i ..
straw nouhILr t gbreedonl, o 'tlrl.. a-- "a .' a d re. .ine't. p "'"le" .. te n ur o Joe o"

.treli, a brow *l t.' the i oe f 'ollouting ens n ar .She sutt o no4 i be_-rt' tr "u caIher ae s' .a Iel,
'Pa nfgdwa twr gz noa tie so fr that he ditae to ha e gosirl the widow. not grg a h *

r-.'-iv.of aJt ic ogs reare- breedn so years e ago r tse to eal a ir uaspistld, sherwor swot ge.,_ thow _.- .c'ley :iBh ;med-" -*-.m .e a lier
'aE~rsesserraVancu _eeW to WAS matEUD -... e-ea.t .....L ._itr oigdute e ad ie to t,
N rt allok r wetegor a oswasbeen good,.an at w se'hade i a gig w h ic- e cets rorde I lamfo ha 4 t* .. '
be o'.o- -a r. A- on 'r tit -- th pp a p n e a e.wt h e, oe --en aed t -.
a n d .- Pesder r. hrenaderdon At tele tion l Sgie Ghercotn- otrsto, Jo omni ge. o gi cc 10 h" pe c. d to qe able to.
S i s 'dh'lo'' course, quitage o-ac-Atbho up,. ,a T r tad r&ngtell's h'.,
lte i o ve 'oe re Mor She cfought th eCoss Tar a i crahn l ed- she .uh -dg. -t. gd. '. 1,' ,'a''d-t on-
n s i t ,.. on to the w ing.- t had a main betri'od f 'r ved b er s ad'sa* n whife faei te '
.r d h a 's to osree t i- shee tra sent. \i thtwo aides; acrossbe th g ht aove hor
g. -. -e e n db- wreat oe wood, ors awnes, b aware of a smell of flour. She rbeman "

o* -.-equleals m des.mcate' -ta dice: ccrdmorwatne that he the cauias from bqlging In, er noam e tmoo e ra e g'l o
held Best came to. bets elf sIe Lai q jp
.".. -. a -o-beauty er- maid- oand to which it could be reefed The Wo hen Trip amdeo ers. he wat if
h Oence ehe COMMON SrENSE CISTERNS. girl climbed to the second of tw these ribs li th 'e ter fo'th
Oe. atetso tn oef the r point ad fastened the ends of her skipping a bowl, wds sprnklugo water on1 hae. f. .
'plant ire s that te he sedimen twhichg aherds. athe btto m op to it; she passed the handles behind ha, Joe Miller, I've been upi" E"Ofl
slantems orat fros o seveycisnt.en Thi gas at the bot-im the main beam, and drew them through "Little Tn'peuny," she heard him say;
'steanrd without poshed by carry'g the o erflowslng ptpe and firmly: knotted them. Theam she "let this be your last attempt at flying."
stn -. p .stood up, with her feet in the loop, and That evening his mother said to him, P
wiltingg for a long to the bottom of the cistefia on a- line jumped.and stamped, and the knots held "Joe, whatever ails you' H your
l-b a time after being with the inlet pipe, and thereby forming securely. had shakes. What is it? It shakes like -

ti dpo cut, 'which rend- a current which disturbs the sediment iNw," said she, "I have managed fa- the- Lk-ing box."
'erait 'aluable t and carries it. into the overflow, as IS mously. he the igs u al o ehd sr mother," he replied;
e shown in th ibe sitting in a swing, with my head lmbu gave no explanation.
.douers. if'sode- The Illtistration alsosbowstbearrange- up; then when it. goes down I shall Afterward, through the man, she beard
sired ittc'dan be menrt of the draw' ripe, which should descend in the same way, head up. I howhehadseenthe-as child attached tcqt.." ih n so the 1 i f'i tbohn-,
Na- or the climb- should rest upon a support near the my swing, Rod mind not to touch the stopped the mill, and how he had caught -J 0 -B'
NEW PLNr." ing fern, on a bottom of a fine strainer at last two feet splines. Whatever will Joe Miller say her before she fell. "
trellis, as shown in the illustration high.' A piece of one-quarter inch mesh when he sees that my opinion is better ': I dare say that Is what made hihn ..... ....
The tock Shows at Chicago. dof galvanized wire gauze bent into a pipe t.ban his, After tbat., he'll never dare to shake so," said the widow. "Why his "''" r :' -i "'&'
T!'he Stoei Shows at Chicago. a foot in diameter and covered with thick call me vulgar names. Little Tu'penny, hand shook like the inking box."
.....mbered with. important lessons flannel cloth doubled makes an excellent 'indeed:,"' "Ahl" answered the man, "it. wasa a.i.""'
e id fler for the water. A cistern thus con- If Misq Triptolema had discovered this 'sort of a: damsel that made it shake."
recent stoqk shows at Chicago, is the ad-t plan unsisted, she would have shown"
v'antge of pr'e blood in the improvement .barn, says the correspondent who de- remarkable ingenuity. But she had not CHAPTER v,
the excellence attained scribed'it, in The American Agriculturist, b p t T ea
h ason e v e r r e q u i r e d b re aning a n d s h e h a d a t te n d e d a f a ir w i th h e r m o t h e r no w S f _1 W A S S P O tL E D -. '' ., m. .
nmeat.prodtiction anal in the dairy inter- tde -
sthose -who paid a penny were given a etr edre.tebe .ln.. o a friendly in- ......,
The.a.-show. of._cattle comprised short Sensble Advice About Swine, revolution in seats that were Swung on tiinacy between` Joe and Little Tui'penny,
h'orn),Jersayi -i, Herefords, Devons, -Aber- 'At the National Swine -Growers' con- pivots to the arms ofa vast wbeelplanted indeed, J'oewas' thae .Oly 'person' frdm .... "''''"" ...

and grades th.. hr. hn. pids denieedome credit for what she did.' uniesut to."the gl..He dinot grudge a -y e. -r.-. .'t-.>A-r,

-. - _.. . .' -- -_ .'' t'- M- = '" .. : ". . -; "-. j t ,K- r-"'"= "
': ,5, ., ''-,-' " - '- ' _ '. '- --. = : 'j ''- r ""



To learn to wait; yet humbly pray;
To feel Thine 'tis the better way,
And all Thou sendest unto me
Is right and just, or t'would not be.
O. h Lamb of God, I come.
To hold my faith from day to day,
Though disappointments strew my
To learn that in the darkest night
Thy Hand- will surely guide aright.
Oh Lamb of God, I come.
To learn to suffer and to wait,
To bear with patience, slander, hat
And need the lesson Thou has taught
That thou will set my foes at naughi
Oh Lamb of od, I come.
To bide Thy time, to learn, my God,
To bow beneath Thy chastening rod
To feel that Thou. art ever near,
And those w.ho love Thee need not f
Oh Lamb of God, I come.
To ling to Thee, to grasp Thy Hand
Anff firm, undaunted, upright stand
To win from Thee eternal life
Beyond this stormy sea of strife-
Oh Lamb of Cod, I come.
"To learn to labor and to wait,"
Until Thy Hand uilocks the gate- -
Thy dear voice calls me to Thy side
To Thee, my Teacher, Friend and G
To Thee, my God, I come!


Fort Meade has a street railway
Orlando is to have water work
The telephoneCline between S
and Orlando has been formally o
Machinery has arrived for thb
brick yard at Sauble, near Palatk
The South Florida Exhibition
landho will open February 15, 1887
The Orlando waterworks are ex
tobe in operation by February Is
The Journal claims that forty
.per day arrive and depart from Se
The machinery for the Sanfi
factory has been shipped from
Orlando's passenger cars for h
street railway have arrived and w
be running.
Bartow is growing. Lots tha
selling two years ago at $75 ar
worth $3,000.
Strawberries were shipped- fro
patch of Col. C. P. Perry, at Arre
"November 27th.
The canal from the Withlacooc
Floral City, through Charla Ape
about completed.
The gas works at Saiford hav
completed.and will soon be furi
gas to that city.
There are twelve to fifteen real
transfers at Orlando daily, with
gregate average of $8,500.
*-The orange "crop around Roche
achua county, is larger and fin(
season than ever before.. ,
John F. Bruce, a practical t(
planteri will plant 40 acres with
tobacco seed, near Monticello.
One farmer in Columbia county
as much money on one acre of t
as he did on eighteen of cotton.
A Hamilton county farmer, in i
syrup, made sixty gallons of can
7- letting the cane juice boil tod lonI
The citizens of Eustis have
$5,500 -as an inducement for the
& N. Co. to extend their hne-'b
'- %l point ,
S" The South Florida RA-ioad ha
--scribed $l,000 to the/aouth Flori
pessiion at Orlando-next February
The'tO.fflce mailed 132 bun
official business at the Gainesville
:. office during the'month of Decem
One hundred hands went to wo
week- on the Orange City Railroa
will be pushed to completion as s
There is now stored in the warE
of the Madison cotton and ginni
tablishment at Madison, 1,000 pou
seed cotton.
Dr. T. 0. Myers brought to thi
yesterday, a perfectly ripe straw
measuring 4x51 inches in circumfe
The Doctor has an acre one mile e
this city, of the berries, fruiting h
he says, and they will be ready tc
ket in two weeks from this time
land Record.
The Plant Investment Co. is con
ing several plans for extending the
& W. R. R. to connect with the
Florida Railroad at Pemberton Fez
The famous Dummit grove, on:
River, has been sold out-under for
ure .of a mortgage in favor of he I
Fruit Company. It was in bid fo:
S 000. p :
Cucumbers, turnips, potatoes, squ
onions, watermelons, etc., are .c
S into the Fort Myers market-quite
tifully. The winter gardens are
ing nicely.
Dr. F. W. Shine, of St. Augustin
a wild' yellow jessamine growing
residence which blooms all the
round, and is now covered with b
ful flowers.
Another party of ten'families,
S charge of Alburtus Vogf,. arrive
S Ocala from Ansonia, Conn. They
S invested in soil, and will become p
nent citizens.
STh& icefactory at Cedar Key is
:' moved to some other town, the cot
having failed to secure a supply of
even by sinking an artesian well
great depth.
I. Merchants, a fruit merchbanti,
':_ York, who handles 900,000 box
-Italian oranges and lemons annual
:' beginning to purchase large qua:
S of Florjda fruit.
M r.. W..S. Shoemaker, of Panasco
S-: :made a shipment of strawberries
S day, Decembeir 28th, 1886, to friei
Philadelphia. They were raised
:- patch of Alfred Mepham.
S : Mr. J. Summerlin, of Pine Castle
.- in Orange county, has raised three
Swede turnips, the largest of






s imme-

e third
at Or-

* trains
ord ice

er new
ill soon

weighs over ten ,poundS, and the others
eight and a half and seven pounds.
Oyster 'planting around Cedar Key is
on 4the increase, and as a consequence
the Cedar Key oysters will, in the near
future, be much improved in size if not
in flavor. A canning factory is talked of.
An East Florida paper states the fact
that a man neai. Lake. City cultivated
this year sir dcrps in tobacco, and gath-
ered therefrom five thousand pounds of
the leaf, for which he was offered twen
ty-five cents a pound, which would give
him $208.88 per acre.

The Euchee Valley.
BY "G."-
,Editor Florida Farmer and jfrui-Gr-ower:
If a tired and dusty traveler, wornout
with the fatigue of railroad travel and
the monotonous view of pine woods,
could be suddenly transported to the
Euchee Valley, he would be tempted to
exclaim, "Surely this is Paradise!"
No wonder the hardy Highlander who
first beheld these wondrously beautiful
scenes went back to the Scottish colony
in Alabama and tempted them to come
farther on in their search 'for a goodly
Ou the east flowed the Choctaw-
hatdhee river, and through the centre
of the valley ran a large creek, the
waters of both teeming with the finest
fish. The woods furnished game in
abundance. Wild deer and turkeys
roamed in almost domestic tameness
everywhere. The lands were rich,
easily cleared and cultivated, and yielded.
a variety of food crops.
Though sixty-five years have passed
away since the first settlement, and two
generations of Scottish descendants have
subsisted in this lovely region, large
tracts of the best lands are still un-
cleared, and much of the pristine beauty
yet remains. Here are vast acres cov-
ered with a magnificent growth of
beech, hickory and oak trees. Some-
times one comes upon a clump of large
water-oaks, overhanging a spring of
-clear water, their -branches gracefully
festooned with long, waving mos. On

say some other diet is best. The fact is,
any food. properly cooked and rightly
eaten, in proper quantities, and at sea-
sonable hours is conducive to health. In
the abuse of food, ill cooking, over-eat-
ing and eating at improper times, is
where all the trouble originates. A rare
beefsteak, a good mutton chop, wll
masticate-.d in proper quantity, can
scarcely fail to agree with a, healthy
There is an inquiry for the best diet
for brain workers. The digestive organs
being s6und, give plenty of well prepared
meat, eggs, fish, vegetables, milk, cream,
and butter, with good bread (ah article
not easily found). Fish is especially val-
uable as a brain and nerve food; it. is
rich in phosporous and nitrogen, and is
good diet, for those suffering from ex-'
austed brain and nerves.
The brown bread of New England
should be used by all classes (rich and
poor), in health, as it is one of our best
heat-producing foods. As an article of
diet it is as good or better than Graham
bread. The Boston Indian pudding is
also one of the best culinary productions
from corn meal, and should te on every
table. Fruit should be -freely taken in
the morning or at dinner, but not in the
I cannot leave the fruit subject with-
out saying something about the apple.
It is par excellence our best fruit. A
good mellow apple will digest in an
hour and a half. Baked apples at the
morning meal, with brown or Graham
bread, butter and milk, with fish or soft-
boiled eggs, constitute a diet conducive
to health, and one which has an excel-
lent effect on the digestive organs, cor-
"recting acidities, removing constipation,
and leaving the intestinal tract in ad-
mirable condition. The attainment or
preservation of good health consists in
observing the little things, the minutiam
of dietetic science.
The Use and Care of Lamps.
A contributor to the New York Ana-
lyst says:

secure the proper tension; and one or
more strands should be used if sheep or
swine are to be kept inthe'pasture.-Ex.

Home Hints.
Clean straw matting with a cloth and
salt water, wiping dry. This keeps it
from turning yellow.
To remove paint splashes on window
glass, moisten the spots with a strong
solution of soda, then rub hard.
It is said that red ants will never be
found in a closet or drawer if a small
bag of sulphur is kept in those places.
The lime in a tea kettle may be
softened so that it can be scraped off by
boiling a piece of alum as large as a
walnut in the kettle full of water for
half an hour or more.
To stone raisins easily pour boiling
water over them, let them stand a few
minutes to soften, then drain off. The
seeds can be readily pinched out at
the stem end; a knife will expedite mat.
ters a little.
To keep butter hard without ice, take
a new earthen flower pot, wash it clean,
wrap the outside of it in several thick-
nesses of wet cloth and set it over the
dish containing the butter, where there
will be a free circulation of air about it.
The best way to brighten a carpet is
to put a half tumbler of spirits of tur-
pentine in a basin of water and dip the
broom in it and sweep over the carpet
once or twice, and it will restore the
color and brighten it up until one would
think it new.
The bane of many a home is the kitch-
en slop pipes, emitting a death-dealing
smell. Now, harm from this can be in
a large measure prevented by an occa-
sional wash-out of the pipe with water
in which chloride of lime or copperas
(sulphate of iron) has been dissolved.
These soultions will kill all bacterial life,
the one thing to be aimed for. The cost
is almost nothing; the saving may be
beyond, computation. Take the only
safe course.-Ex.

-.... ....... ---- --.... au l miunuderstood things in dlily The Young Men of the South.
all these lands the magnolia, the pride life the use of the kerosene lamp pro The Yo en f the South.
t were of Florida, growA to an immense size, ably stands at the head. First, a lamp The idea prevails largely in our current
re now diffusing the perfume of its grand flow- is bought and fitted for use, and then literature that the young men of the
ers, and inviting the weary to rest in its filled day after day, and after a longer "New South" are full of force and en-
never-failing shade. or shorter period does not give as good a ergy, eager to grapple the difficulties of
dondo the This valley offers strong inducements light as it used to; then come complaints their situation, and quite prepared to
dondo, to those who wish to engage in farming, to the oil man or grocer about the qual- wring success from unwilling fortune.
orin fruit and vegetable growing. Here ity of the oil, when a little reason and. The picture is not wholly one of fancy.
hee to are productive soil, delightful climate, judgment used wou'd remedy the fault There are'such young men among us, and
)pka, is -regular seasons and abundance of pure. and remove the cause of complaint, they are illustrating what may be done
water. The health of the country can- If persons using a lamp would re-. in the new order of things amid which
ve been not be surpassed anywhere, and the peo- -member that the lamp is a machine they are thrown. But they are not very
fishing. ple are famous for good morals and-hos- combining the furnace and pump, and numerous-are, in fact, painfully exep-
pitality. endeavor to learn the principle of using tional. The great bulk of our young
Estate In a future letter I will give your oil, much trouble would be saved; for men are of the opposite type. They go
an ag- readers some further information about while no one exDects to use a large ma- about business, if they go at it at all, in
this and other parts of Walton county, chine without learning how to work it, a half-hearted way, as if they regarded
and call attention to certain crops any one can use a lamp. Now, the wick failure as a foregone conclusion. A great
ler, i which may be made to pay immense is the pump to bring oil from the fount -many do not engage in any steady voca-
er this profits on these lands. to the blaze, and as there is always more tion, but accept any job by which they
ARGYLE, Walton county, Fla., Dec. or less dust and dirt in the oil, the wick can earn a few dollars. Perhaps there
tobacco 28, 1886. soon becomes clogged up and cannot never were so many young men who can-
Cuban pump oil fast enough for a good light; so not be said to be pursuing any regular
a complaint is made, when a new wick vocation, but prefer to stand behind the
y made _- F l~ would remove the cause. Then, as we counter, or to secure a traveling agency
tobacco T o g il out, the lightest part burns, for some business hduse is that which
--- "leasvi and as the lamp is generally takes possession of the minds
making ) UDCTOR'S ADVICE, filled day by day, the oil gets so heavy of our young men. There is a turning
dy by that the draught is not strong enough to away from agriculture as if it were not
g-. -Tle Digestive Functions and the pump it up, when the oil should be all a calling which promises to patience,
.ra Di s ^te F tion. ,t turned out of the lamp. and it refilled energy and industry the best rewards.
R MOst Digestible Food. with fresh oil. WVe must own it, that the bold, ambitious
'that BY o. ADOLPUS, M.-D. And then the burner, after a time, young man, who is willing to forego
Editor Florida Farmer ana FP-ui-Groawer: gets gummed up, and the even flow of present ease and display, and who will
as sub- The American people, as a rule at the oil i disturbed and causes smoky, not be content with any expedient that
.the bet.theycan ge Ourho a uneven light which is vexatious. I have may meet the present emergency, is an
da Ex- noted for good can get. average care often had burners brought into my store exception among us. There is as good a
zen fors an epicufare. andThe averather daint condemned and a new one wanted, when chance to lay the foundations of a
dle Somen rational inquiry epicur ntoe, what we ather danty by two minutes' work they were madeas fortune now as there ever was if young
SPost- how weeat, andwhv weleat seems prop good as new. When the wick needs men will only exercise the proper inu-
ber. in this day of almost universal indiges- cutting, some scrape it off, others cut it dustry and economy.---unny South.
rk last tion. Dietetics to-day, is an accepted so uneven that .it makes a pointing .
ad. It science. Dietetic science teaches how to blaze, which so provokes one that he Farm Life.
soon as eat right. Our food may be divided into wants to condemn it. If a little reason The book f farmer's boy to
three generaldivisions or classes. First and thought were used in'everyday life, or every armer's boy to
house the carbohydrates (bread vegetables' we would soon find that lots of our dis- read is the open book of nature. There-
house the)caohd t ea b comforts would be very easily overcome was none ever written that contains
s etc.); second, the albuminoids, or nitro- and banished; but things go on in a one-half the information, none other
ndsof genous- material, (egg, fish, meats, etc.) slipshod manner, year after year, with half so fascinating, none so perfect and
third, the fats. no attempt to improve them. pure. Nature teaches us to dwell as
is city digestion is a fermentationgy t hes tha But to resume, the burner is furnished much as possible upon the beautiful and
*berry, act sof digestion takes place in the with a great number of small holes to good, and to ignore at all times the evil
arence. mouth; the ptyalin, the saliva, converts provide air, to the end that perfect corn- and the false.--American Garden.
east of the starch elements into glucose. This bustion may take place, and not to col- The active out-door labor of the farm,
heavily is rapidly absorbed by the liver and is lect dust and dirt until they are clogged with its ever-changing and almost end-
o mar given out slowly, as the system requires up, and a smoky, bad-smelling light is less variety, tends to the symmetrical
'.-Or- it. The second stage is confined to the the result Now, if in using kerosene, development of the physical man in all
stomach. Here pepsin converts nitro- we fill the lamp up with white oil every its organs; and the ever-shifting mental
sider- genius foods, or proteids, into peptones; day, and once. a week empty back the work which the care and direction of his
S., Pd distaste and pancreatine; thi com oil which is in the lamp, and use a new business demands of him keeps the men-
South pletes the change of the remaining wick, cut even and true, every week or tal machinery awake and active; and
rry starch, which escaped theaction of pt-ing once in two weeks, and are sure to have proper activity of body and mind is an
y,r starch, which escaped theo d.ion of pty- the lamp-burner clean, and a clear, important condition in maintaining good

Indian a m tyint mouth, ue to deficietl amh i mas-
reclos- tication and too rapid eating. The bil nicely polished chimney used, we will health.-Indiana Farmer.
F gefis the fats. nd that the kerosene lamp is a cheap and It is no wonder to us that men of
r $- digestion is finished in the intestinal great luxury, and not as is often the case great minds have loved the country,
r $84,- tract. These changes convert the mass a necessary nuisance, which has to be have enjoyed farm work, an4 this, too,
into a milky fluid chylee) which passes used for lack of anything better. A little not as a sentiment, but as a reality.
lashes, into or through the lactal vessels by o- care daily in using the lamp makes all Washington was a type of the true
coming mosis; thence through the mesenteric the difference between luxury and farmer, and called agriculture the most
plen- glands into the thoracic duct, thence nuisance. useful, most noble, most healthful em-
all do- into the veinous circulation, for the re- ployment of man. Jefferson -gave
newal of blood and tissue, TO Preseive Fence Posts. much time and study in evolving the
ne, has These important digestive agents teach I recommend saturating fence posts true philosophical principles employed
at his us what foods are best adapted, to the with crude petroleum by boring a half in. constructing the plow, and when
year use of man. Foods containing sugar, dozen holes into them obliquely near the built he took great pleasure in handlifig
beauti- starch, gluten, legumin, albumen and butt, with a three-quarter inch bit, then it, and in managing his farm at Monti-
fats, constitute healthy, life-giving food, filling with petroleum 'and plugging cello. Webster declared he felt more
under if properly prepared and rationally to prevent waste. After the operation, pleasure in holding his own plow, drawn
eda at eaten. The comparative quantities of the post should lie in. piles a week or by his own splendid oxen-about which
have tlie .different kinds of food required in ten days where the pores of wood will be he wrote such grand letters to his head
ermav individual cases to maintain a high saturated as high up as they are speci- farmer, John Taylor--n the plains at
erma- standard of health, can be determined ally liable to decay. A paint composed ,Marshfield, than all the honors of polit-
.by the retrograde metamorphosis, due to' of raw linseed oil and pulverized char- ical and public life.-S. L. Boardman in
to be exercise or force expended, either men- coal is then freely spread over the lower Home and Farm.
mpany tal or physical. From physiological sci- end of the posts and six inches above the
water ence we know that the various meats surface line when set. A Palindrome.
1 to:a should form a large proportion of a White oak posts cut in February, and One of the oldest and best of modern
S healthy man's food, for the reason'it is sawed four by four at the butts, and four palindromes is a reply to the query:
a New more easily digested and assimilated. by two at the -top, and prepared as di- "Whatcoud Napoleon have 'truthfully
xes of However, we must not forget that all rected, are claimed to be good for any and feelingly said when onSt. Helena?"
alUy, is classes of food are necessary to fill the' man's lifetime if occasionally covered 'It is: "Able was I ere I saw Elba."
entities physiological conditions of health. with a fresh coat of cheap paint. A four Here -is another: "Name no" one
As a rule, man eats too much and too inch strip, one inch thick, should be an" -Detroit Free Press
ffoe, rapidly. Ten or fifteen minutes at nailed on for a top rail and the postsess.
T, breakfast, and twenty minutes at din- then sawed off square, when a five inch v
nds in ner, is-about, as much time as our en- strip nailed to the top of the four inch OverworK. :
on the ergetic citizen can devote to "taking his strip, will keep the water from getting A petted boy in New Hampshire was '
rations," and he seems overjoyed when in the top of the posts and rotting them. sometimes invited to bring in an armful
he is through so stupid a performance. Two strands of barb wire below the." of wood and sometimes to go to the post-
farm, One writer will claim that this or that two strips will make a fence that will office for the mail, one-eighth of a mile
white article of food, or some special diet, is- restrain cattle and look well. The wire distant. He rebelled one day and broke
which most conducive to health. Another will.should be put on in warm weather to out in the most excited manner: "I


don't care; my father may kill me if he
wants to, but I won't go to the office and
bring in w ood the same d'ay!" Another
urchin four years old, was requested by
his mother to pick up a basket of apples
under the trees. His response was: "No;
I shant' do it. I have to read in school
and I want to save my strength for
that."-Shoe and Leather Reporter.

Somewhat Mixed.
A farmer writing to a friend, to whom
he felt under obligations for introducing
a variety of swine, thus unbosomed him-
self: "Respected sir: I went to the fair
at Monsoi. I found several pigs of our
species. There was a great variety of
beasts, and I was astonished at not see-
ing you there. "-Southern Live Stock

Brown- 'I have been reading about
a woman who has been visiting the
leading stores and stealing everything
she could lay hands on. Singular, isn't
it ? Suppose she is a sufferer from klep-
Fogg (one of the storekeepers)-"I
don't know, but I know I am."-Boston
'.You jist ought to have been over to
our house last night!" shouted one small
boy to another, recently.
'Why-making pictures?"
"Naut much! Humphl No, sir; our
folks went away, and we had popcorn,
two kinds of sweetened water, milk and
camphor, drew the dog around in the
tablecloth, and the hired girl told us
eight ghost stories. "-Rochester Uhion.

Farmers often fall over a stumbling
block in regard to fertilizers by thinking
that barnyard manure costs them noth-
ing, since it is a natural income from the
keeping of stock. But when it comes to
paying out .the direct profits of the farm
for commercial fertilizers, you touch the
main point upon which they base their
opinion.-New England Homestead.
Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
looking finely.

Seed Irish Potatoes.
The best potatoes for planting in this
State are those brought from extreme
Eastern points. Acting on this belief,
we imported last year from
large quantities of Early Rose, Chili
Red, Beauty of Hebr'mn and other varie-
ties, and the potatoes raised from this
seed, were the finest we have ever seen
We willreceive, in a few days another
cargo of the same potatoes, which we
will sell at the following prices:
Chili Red........per barrel $8.50.
.Early Rose.. ...........$3.00.
Beauty of Hebron........ .$3.00.
Every barrel guaranteed as represented.
Remit with order, and we will ship the
potatoes promptly.
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 5th,. 1887.
Geo. E. Snow, Esq., of East Lake,
says: "That lie is better satisfied with
Williams, Clark & Co's Orange Tree
Fertilizer than any he has used in eight
years' experience withorange tree fertil-

"Nothing Comes up to Brad-
(From the Treasurer of the Souti Florida R. R.)
I have used Bradley's Orange Tfree
Fertilizer for two years, and I have ob:
trained from it entire satisfaction. My
trees have made uniform and rapid
growth, afd they are fairly bending to
the ground with bright handsome fruit.
I have used many brands of fertilizers
but nothing comes up to Bradley's.,
Sanford, Fla.
Mr. R. J. Broad, of Welaka, Putnam
county, says: "For the past two years I
have used Williams, Clark &.Co's High
Grade Bone Fertilizer for Orange Trees
and Vegetables, with the greatest satis-
faction and profit, and in using their
goods I believe I have received full value
for my money. I most-heartily recom-
mend their fertilizers."
"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with.other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year.
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by expe-ience what we say regarding
this fertilizer.
Ft. Mason, Fla.
The following special despatches, by special
arrangements with the Florida Fruit Ex-
change, are sent to the TimI-UNIoN by the
otents of the Fruit Exchange In the various
cities. They can be relied upon as ao.urate;
Special to the Tzxzs-UNIzoN. -.
BALTJMOBE, January 10. Fano $8.26.
choice 2 756; aussets $2; small sizes l 7j Mar-
ket dull. l.zx & WILKzas.
Special to the Tlmes-Unionr
Rizw YOKx, January_ 10.-Cold &gain and
very little doing; small sale at auction to--
day, ea3 874@2.10 per box, fine quality, but
with de ay. Savannah teat here this after-
noon with 3.800 boxes.
Agents Florida Fruit Exchange.
Special to the TIos:-UI.olk
BosToN, Mass., January 10.-Savannah
steamer due this morning; not arrived; ex-
dect to have our sale Wednesday. eitherr
continues cold, no change in prices.
Special to the TIxiM-Uizo.] '. 1
OntOiTNAii, January 10.-Brights 1@ 8 76;
gsaetss 29 @2.60,

RIare tropical ornamenql and fruit plants for
open air culrure in Florida. and for the North.---
ere greenhouse. Also, a full line of semi-tropi-
ical trees. plants and gras6es, and generalnar-
serv iock adapted to Florida and te South.
SExotia from ludia. Australia and the-West
Indies, many of them never before introduced
into the United States.
The moit complete descriptive catalogue of
tropical and semi-tropical plants published in
America. Catalogue mailed, post-paid, on re-
ceipt of 15 cents. Free to all customers
.Manatee, Florida.


: FLA.








Getour PrITS ANbefore buying.
Get our Prices before buying.



Three quarters of a mile from St. Johns River<,--*
75 feet above the river.

20,000 Nursery Trees, t, all varieties and sizes.
All at bargains. Writer callat -
F C. COCHRANE'S Book Store,
Palatka, lia.


* -Beautiful location, facing on Lake Oriole and
on the South Florida Railroad.
Lands all high and dry. New settlement; be-
tween twenty-five (and thirty new houses.
A Church, School, daily mails, stores, bakery,
sawmill and hoteL Large area already planted
in orange groves. Choice building Jots for win-
ter homes for sale cheap.: Ten, twenty and. .-.
forty acre orange grove lots. A healthy settle- -
ment in a healthy State.
OaUll on or address.
Oriole, Fla. or Jacksonville, Fla.

R. N. ELLIS,C. E. A. E. MCCLURE, Arcbitect.

Architects & Civil Eniineers,
Plans for -
P. 0. Box 784. Roos,7 and S Palmetto Blbok,
Bay Street. ..



- --

Commission Merchants' quotations.
Special to the TIMES UNION:!,
PHILADnLPpHIs, January 10 -No c1'ive de-
mand; fancy 83@8 23; fair $2 0@2.75; russets
82@2 25; po.r, fl0@l.7 7
Special to 1he TIMls-USIoN.1
NEW YORK, January. 10 -Fancy 83 2588,50;
brights 82,75@8; russets 82@2 75.

NEW YORK, January 10 -Theitrrket Is-
qu'et and unchanged, while the receipts to-
day we've light. Bals of the Pest week were -
o' 7,0 cases of Pennsylvania and Western, a
tr,-m $6 to 812 EO par 1CO pounds, and 40J hogs-
heads of Western.
Tie following is the statement -of the re-
ceipis at the principal ports for 1881 and 1886:
PQrTS 1881. 185.
New 1o k hbds. 71,258 1(2,438
New Orleans.................... 4,692 5.100
Baltitrore...................... 1,758 12,641.
Boston...... 4,951 12,000
Philadelphia.................... 2,500 7,791
Richmond, Va.... ............ 12500 '22,5007
Tota ..................7,654 162,870
In Havana tobacco sales- for the week were
reported of 850 bales fillers at 60c@11.05. Su-:
matra Fales were 150 bales at S1.20081.50.
LOUISVILLE, January 10--The market
was active with a good demand for both old
and new. Burleys were especially sought
after. Trash. co Lmoi leaf ard lugs sold at
from 82 to 86.80.


Special to the TIMES-UOnlQO.)
SAVANNAH, January ;0--The uplaiLd
market closed quiet at unchanged quotations.
Middling fair............. ......... 9-16
Good middlinig...................... 95-16
Middling ........ 91-16
Low middling 813-16
Good ordinar............8... 8
The net receipts were 2737 bales; gross re-
ceipts 2953 bales; sales 1303 bales; stock at.
this port 112336 bales.
Exports coastwise 21t.
The market was quiet and steady, and no-
change in quotations was noted.
Common Flordas...............
Medium ......16
GoodMediu( .................. ....... 17
Medium fine .......... .....18
Fine.......... 1920
Extra fine ......2
Choice ..............2

Every cultivator in tue
SSonuth should have a
T SO I copy o of our annal,
containing 176 pages
SOUTHERN of useful information.
Free on application.
or 1887. dale and Wateford.


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