Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055762/00003
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 30, 1888
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 08331006
System ID: UF00055762:00003
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text

Established 1869.

w IaUa.NLLY,

$2.00 Per Annum.


DaCosta & Manville, Proprietors. Jacksonville, Fla., Monday, April 30., 1888. New Series: Vol. 8, No. st,


Groves, Lands and Town Lots.
Care of'Estates Solicited.

UA West Bay Street, Abell Block, Jacksonville, Fla.


721 W. Bay, Jacksonville, F
Choice lands in StAbh Florida, close by re
and thriving settlemegfu.* Send for pamphlet
ras fine barg ans in Wil) Lands, Orange
Truck Lands. own Lots, on oAllroads, R ve
bor and Bars. Money invested and taxes I
absetiees. 'Lands adapted to4.ranges, Lemg
anas, Pineapples, Rice, SugarCane and esrll
Gardens. Pr]ces low. Payable On the LnBt
.lan. Ful particulars In "'The Orange I
re 10 entLe, irltn a map of Florida.
Li verytwo, DeS.Oi C'
S I Sucecssors ro J. E. Merrill & Bro.,)"
' .-. Machinery of all kinds furnished and set
Write for estimates to
13l and 140) East Bay St., dacksonvlle, Flor
S" .*D. L. MUDOE. C.A.

54% West Bay street, JacikpvbFle, S
S N. P BiSBOFF, Assessor 4Retenui
JOS. D. IEMSEN, Notary Pubile i vone

Wild and Liprowvd lands for sale.
Sorangegrorevi from $5)0 to 210,t,'J. Mlap oi
S counMty, )e. .Orangg groves planted out an,:
care '-;. Taxes paid for non residents, Ve
lIds.at low prices. Charnuag Lake Fronts
S- Enclose rvo-ceat stamp for terms and litoi
San Aonioul

Twelve pair Paland China Pigs (I
,raised). A.o.-yphg sowk in favour by
of Water Oak. Tor prices address
S- Bradfordville,

GROVE AND GARDEN-The Navel Orange ; Mr. Adam's Navel Trees; The Navel;
Gallesto on Cross Fertilization..................................................... 345
"Die-Back ;" Shippin Pben-tos ; Pomelo vs. Grape Fruit ; Budded vs. Seedling
Orange 'trees ; The W ite Scale ; Orange Shipments.............................. 846
The Future of Citrus Culture in California..................... ...................... 847
THE FA re-Corn' Corn on PinLand ............... ............................ 848
Level Culture; Aradicating Maiden Cane; Two Jersey Cows; Another Fraud ;
A Little Farm Well Tilled.............................................................. 849
ORNAMENTAL HoRTioUan urE-Budded Roses; Graceful Grasses ; Italian Flow-
erg ................................. ... ..................... ..................
HOME INTERESTS-Gather Up the Fragments; A Florida Home; Recipes........ 851,
EDIToRIAL-Local Option or Free Range; Florida Experimental Station; An
InterestingSubject..................................................................... 852
The Royal Palm of Cape Romano; ,Adulterating Lard ; The Banyan Tree-False
Metaphor, Etc.; "Moja Bean" vs. "Japan Pea ;" Maiden Cane; Call for a State
Immigration Convention ; Our System of Tax Assessment........................ 353
CORRESPONDENOE-Fences; The Hog Nuisance; Free Range Bet ................ 38564
ELORal D NA-The Clearwater Fair............ ............................ ......... 355
Industrial News .............. ...... ........ ........ .. .... .......................... 346
Toe Tobacco Syndlcate............................... ........ ....................... 857
Q UOTATlo s...' ..... ................... ; .................... ........................ 857
M ET'K OROLOOIc .L.. .. ........ .. ... ...... ......... ................. 57
PUBLI'SER'S DEPARTMENT .................................................................. 857

Jacksonville, Fla.
Bestmakes. Lowest prices. Easiest terms. Senc
for free catalogues with full information. ,

row. Soruirsraoi, Mon., JACKSONVILLr, Fas.
Handaerchlef Extracli, Colognes, Toilet
Waters, etc<., from Florida Flowers.
TSoundstrom's Florida Waters and Colognes,
have no equal in this, or any other country.

One hundred different
Speoialt'-Patlm and Bamboos; also Chinese Blood
Peach and New Japanese Plums. '
T. L. Ma-s, Oviedo, Orange Co., Fla.


We are prepared to furnish and put down
all kinds of Irrigating Machlnery. Steam
Pumps. Wind Mi ts, Rams, Tankl, l'plplng,,
Filings, Saw-MLl Machinery, eto., etc. Es-
timates cheerfully furnished. Write fd.par-
tlculars. '
SiMechanical Engineers,
.I Lady Lake, F1

S:tabLiubed New York, ig8 Jacksonville, 1413.
In and Shippers of
ISlnid '1) Ewa Buy Street,
11] Reade Sr Nsv York JaeKaonvidle, Florida.
All orders tor snipping promptly attended to. Con-'
signmentset Produce and Frult are solicnied. Re-
turns mace on day of oale.
TaOS. ciOOrY, Cas. NOOloy, FRBYa NOoiIcy.

succassoBS TO

84 E. Bay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.

E. T. PIE, D, PREitT JA,1.ONVI-l, MA
8) wuar BAr Araant.
Florida Orange Fo, flJ per ton. Florida
Vegetable Food $ "per ton. Orange Food
Warranted to care scale -naeots. Also Ger-
man Kalnit, Sulphate of Potash etc.
Cow Peas, Red Rover,' Wh4ppoorwill, Clay
anS While. Send for Circulars and prices.

Wholesale and Retail
State Agenre.Queen OCity Printing nkCo.
No. 29 Wes Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida.



"Seven varieties New Japan' Persimmon Japan
Chestnuts, Budded and Seedllng Oranges, Peaches,
Orapes, ec. ,




Sole Agent for JacksonvIlle to? the
W. L. Douglas Men's 82.50, 83 and
84, and Boys' $2 Shoes.
84 East Bay Street (Hart's Block), Ja'ksonvlljs.
Branch Store 25 Pine St., onoosite telegraph 'Olna


Imported Goods a Specialty ...
323 W. Bay (Abell Block. Room -), Jacksonville., f.

Plans, Speclfcations and Estimates for bdliag nt
all knds, Sanitary work, etc,.-
Booms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block, Bay Street.
P.O.Box785, Jacksonville,A.
High Grade of Sulphate of' Potksh
H. L. MOXLEY, General Agent,
641 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida-


Surf Bathing,a I Water FIqhlngpad Salt-
Ing bn the Eoas L. The dest 'sea shorl
resort in Flor FFe rm faamily rates,
etc., correspon h In. i1
.3HE 'Prop.,
S. ala.

Citr Fruits, Peaches n,'varleV Pear. P m
Ores, orpt BanaS Pomeaes;-e.
EsIAONSyR M MS. p.P`M-T'0os, ''ORANQX%
LEMONS.. lie=a, d. Sweat, TargdiT, Higley's Lat.
Majorleka,_ wWmngtou Navel, Dn.Rol,Mandarin, Ta
rirne, Horoiassa, Mag. Bonumr, Belair, Premlri
villa rran Sicily, eto.
A. HE. Rianvalle & Co,
Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla, .

Pleasantly simated.

In the Celebrated South Apopka Regionfl uneeBo II
Florida tor'FruitFarning;. Eatly vegetable .
water protect Ion against frost, *blinr growe b
reach market with the first produced. Come an sd
themost fertile and also the cheapest lands hi R
For fil information, address

Lf r


..... ..



_. *.' *>. ,.; '.. *


[APRIL 30s,1888.

Centre Street Wharf,
1Tt ll r miTITT rr i 11 1GtiAr' T9S T'ITf


Pier 21,'E. River.

RATES. OF PASSAGE, Lowest Rates of Freight Always Given.
acksonville to New York, Phila- Order all yonr freight from New York, Philadelphia and Boa.
ton via 1ialiory S. .Llne rom Pier No. 21 East River, NewYork
delphia, Boston and Providence. Drect connection at Fernantuina wlth F. R. & N. By.,
For Jacksonville and all interior points n the State.
qbln$28.60; Intermediate 18.60; Steerage 412.50: Excursion$41.80 a.
This Pioneer Line offers to Florldians, the Traveling, Publio
'he magnificent Iron Steamships of this Line sail from and Shbppers of V'egelables and Oranges the Qulckeqt and
IRNANDINA, FLA., for EW. YORK, every Thursday Only Direct Line to New York.
mnng after arrival of 2:45 p. m. train from Jacksonville, S W-Through TI.kels and information secured in advance at
d evening rains from Cedar Key, Ocala, Leeburg,Tavares, principal point In Florida. State-rooms reserved from Jack-
Lando and 'outh Florida point,. sonville or Fernandlua ofice.
CY OF SAN A %TONIO........ ..............Thursday, April12 WTrains leave F. R. & N. Co's Main Depot, foot of Hogan
ATE OF TEXAS ............ ................ Thursday, April I" street. Jacksonville, at 810a Im and 2.1.5 pm, on sailing days.
TY OF SANANTONIO ......... .. ..Thursday, April6S landlug passengers on Steamship's whaif, foot of Centre t.,
'ATE OF TEXAR. ................Thursday. May 3 Every at..ntionpossible is extended passengers going Fernandina.
'YOF SANANTONIO ...................,. ..Thursday, May 10 bythisline. The table is supplied wth the best the A'-For Tickets and State-rooms and further Information,
New York and Florida markets afford, apply to
R. W. SOUTHWICK, Agent, FernandinaFla. H. H. RAYMOND, Gen). Trav. Agt. J. M. CUTLER, Pass. Agent, Cor. Bay and Hogan St., Jacksoville,Fla.
C. H. MALLORY & "O..Agents. General Pier 20 East River foot Folton street. New York City*


-W-- Pheel ---lr l 1 or 1 aD 1 a a a toi 13T ..1 a3 1 ---a f--
With the Magnificent Connections. "

The -Great Fast .Express Freight System of the South.
The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S.'S. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and People's Line of 9t eamers between Banford, Pia-
latka and Jacksonville South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S., F. &W. Rybetween. JacksonvilUe, Gainesville, Kiver Junction and Savan-
nah, Savannah and Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between, Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York. The best equipped, fastest and most
'" prompt lines between aUllpofintsi Florida alndf poliits North and Northwest. Receivers and Shipper,WIl profit by the following unparalleled connection_
Double daly f&at freight service for all points estvia Albany, Jesup and Savannah. Double dally fast frealght service from all points North and West via A lbany. Jesup and 84-
yfast freight all u connection via the .Atantic Coast Line tojill Eavster, Interor .vannah.to all points in. Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville, Jac son vyle, Calla-
Dly fast reght all ra connection via the Atlanti Cost ne to all Eastern, Interior and Live Oak.
and Coast points, Lucluding New York, Bostbn, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washingtonand Tri-weeky service by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sallp.g trom
Pr vdence. New York New Pier 85, North River,) diecl. or Savannah Tuesdays, Thursdays and Batur-
TrI-weeklyconneeUon for New York via the Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savan- da .
nah Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. ... Te Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers leave Boston every Thursddy
Every five days for Baltimore, via Merchantsand Mlner' Transportation Gompany,leav- for Savannah direel, making conneetfon on thp dock at Savannah with fast freight traits
Ing Savannah April 17lh. April 3d, April 28th. for all points In Florida. Only direct line from New England to the Southb.
'eekly connection for Boston via the Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co. coming from Phladelphia every Saturday fur
Savannah every Thursdayv. ..rmP.a.p..a n Savannah direct
weekly connection for Philadelphia via the Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Balllmorevia Mcerchanteand Miners Transportation Co., tw steamers per week
every Saturday. from Baltimore for Savannah direct making close conineetion with 8., F. & W. y for all
Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change withoutnotice points South.
The Florida Dispatch Ime is the quickest and best fast freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For fall particulars rates, stencils and shipping reelpts app y
toanyagent oftheabove Unes, or to WM. P. B A RDEE, Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, us.
D. OWENS,'Trafi Manager, Savannah, Ga. w. M PA VTDSON, Gen' T'rafflc Agent, JacksobvnIle,Fli.
SE. DR.A.TO, Trav. Agent, Live Oak J. P. JO&DAN, Tra-. Agent. Quincy. F. S. KNIoHT, Trav. Agenl,'Jackron, lle. J. H. STEPHENS. Agent. Jakeon l16.

which never falls. Containing Celery andi

-- PAikI' CELE.T COMPOUND pnrlflee the
Blood. It drives ont the lactic cid. which
in causes Rheumatism and restores the blood.
making organs toa lbo condition. Itia
te true rfcedy tor Rbe.-namsm.
.-: A s | rnzee oveac oMiPOqulekly restael
the l ver and kidneys to perfect heillh. Tmi.
curabvp poeer, combined with its nerve
tonice, makes it the best remy for all
kidney complaints.
d stomach, and qmets the nerves ofthe.
S, -- tive organs. Thl" why It cue evn l
worse ecaes orf Dyspepsla.
Pa er's OaEnRr OoMPOUND Is not a eba.S
B -^ tie. ltlsalaxtivegrving t ayndnatural
action to the bowels. Bean yausely fol-
Sow its ise.
URNS Remvus Prostratica, Nervoie Hneadache, Becomnmendedbyr feaional adblisinte
Neuralgia, Nervous Weakness, Stomach men.
and Liver Diseases, Rheumatism, Dy*- Ptie $1.00. Sold by Driggists.
pvii laand all affeleons olthe Kidneys. WELLS, RICHARDSON &,CO. Prp't
* 3.. :IE -A-sa-*:"J- r -i -.i T r,
Fruit and Prodtce CGommisslon Merchant.
Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty. No. 234 North Delaware Avenue (below 'Vine
Street), Philadelphia. Consign men ts of all kinds of Fruit aaiid Produide sdliited. Returns
prom ptly made as advised. Stencils and market reports furnished on application.
.' Beference: B.HS. Kedney Winter Park, 'Fla.; A. H. Carey; Orland9, Fla;-,- -H. Law-
rence, Winter Park, Fla., and the trade geneJrally in Pliladelhlha and New York.'

Yiaverly- Stock Farm. w7A.1' "*..j.SJ.I.
T '.. allahb osee, Leon Co., Fla. NATIVE PEACH SEEDS grnwn in For-
Registered Male Panic No 9120, A J. C. C; idaor Georgia Also, the address of every
.grandidam Eurotas, who made 778 pounds lover of good fuit In the Soith We have
Soibtilter in eleven moibhsb. beads the herd. something of interest for them
F ul 1 blood, high grade, J4 rsey and Improved For uartber particulars. addergs
1hatAve catll e. -
Home raised iroltlng and work horses, CHEROKEE FAKM AND NURSERIES,
Q *"WBBADJER uBROi PBOP'Q. Waycross, Ga.

100 Varieties. Also Small Fruits. Quality unsurpased. Warranted true. Very cbea.'
3 sample vines mailed for 150. Deicriptive pricewslat free. LEWIS ROESCHFredgonla,N..
FREE FOR 1888! oCa','::lu? Field, Garden and Flower Seeds
should be In evelr hnoe. We offer large Premium 1o all Inose wno buy Seeca of us. We tea ;
all SeedE on our own gionnd before eerdir, q ny out. by which we are aole to Gnarunlee Pu.rFi
and Quality. Tbe U.'. moie bnna6 our 3eeas tree 10 every man's door. Send for our 1PK.A
rtATALOGU arpd make ycir.eleetlons. Addre.n GARONER BROTHERS, Freeport, IlliBOU.


Cheapest Fertilizers in .Use..
Direct Bhb'ments. GuOnaranteed analy.ls. Price anid Pamphlet rfiee. Address
CHAS. i4TEV N.%., ...o 437, Napisne. One.. Cand...


Orange -:- Growe rs.

his.Rertilzerhaf stood Ihe test of practical experi"menip, and g1ven as gpod relulta for
themoney Investedias any rerilllzer In Ihe world, no metler by shorn made or bow high tblhe
price Thebest proof ofthisc aim lies In the fact that those who use It once will buy nooither
Bradley'Rslorlda Vegetable Ferliliser. Bradley's Pure Fine Ground Bone, Bradley's Fish
'and Potash, Bradley's Bone and Potasih, nulphasie of Pnlash, Kainti, I ofl, n-Seed
Meal, Canada Hard-Wood Ashes,s&d all other lertlllzlng materialsand chemicals.

B adley Fertilizex Company, of Boston, Mass.

GEORGE E..yILSoN,. State Agenti,
60 WJTB& BT. t,----T, 7 -. --- JACKSONVILLE, PEA






Qroye and Orctiard.

Its Origin and Introduction to
My friend, Reasoner, seems to have
almost covered the whole ground in
regard to the Navel orange (DISPATCH
of April 9th), but a few more words on
the subject may be permitted. We are
strangely lacking in data as to the ori-
gin of the Navel, but all the facts thus
far ascertained seem to point to Bahia,
in Brazil, as the place of its nativity.
I am not able to cite any standard au-
thority for this belief; but I think it is
quite easy to prove that this grand and
peculiar fruit was not known in Europe
until within a comparatively recent
When the new edition of "Histone
et Culture des Orangers"-the great and
unrivalled citrus manual of R isso and
Poiteau-was republished in Paris, as
late as 1872, it was evident that not

ate description of the Navel orange,
Mr. Browne says:
"It is chiefly cultivated in the neigh-
borhood of Bahia, in Brazil, where it
is thought to be one of the greatest
prodigies of the vegetable kingdom.
The author of the present & ork claims
the honor of first introducing this varietyy
into the United States. He brought
several trees from Brazil, in 1835, and
caused them to be planted on the es-
tate of the late Z. Kingsley, on Dray-
ton Island, Lake George, East Florida,
where they are believed still to exist."
It would be interesting to know
whether Mr. Browne had his Navels
planted on Drayton Island in 1835,
before or after the great freeze, which
occurred, in that year, on the 9th of
February. We must presume that the
trees were planted after the fatal freeze,
or Mr. Browne would not have haz-
arded the prediction, in 1857, that
they "still existed." The old grove
of Z. Kingsley, on Drayton Island,
was owned in 1866 by the late Major
Rembert, and the writer was the guest
of that gentleman for several days in
Mk Ir I-

I answered no. When I state that
all of my trees have been propagated
from three little pot plants received in
1876, you can see they are not hoary
old trees, capable of sustaining -a crop
of twelve to fifteen boxes per tree.
Most of them are 8 years old and less,
and I don't want to be placed on re-
cord as saying they bear i,ooo per tree
of such oranges. The usual sizes are
54, 8o, 96, 128, with most of 8oand 96.
Tangierine, Orange Co., Fla., April 19.
Difference in Fruit .Due to Climatic
Influences--Deficienoy of Pollen.
By the DISPATCH I see that Mr. L.
H. Armstrong has been to Brazil and
seen the Navel orange there long ago,
and gives us positive testimony. Of
course the citrus family was first taken
to South America from the Mediter-
ranean, and the Navel oranges may
have been taken to Brazil and not
originated there. It is certain that
other kinds of Navel oranges have

only the original authors, but the ay, L tat year. At that time, lt- come to us from the Mediterranean
learned editor and revisor of the work, tle was thought or said about varieties shores. I have often seen in the box-
Professor De Breuil, were entirely ig- of the orange, the only well-known es of oranges on sale in this city and
norant of the existence of the Navel and generally recognized sorts being elsewhere, from Spain and Italy,
orange (C autanium umbihcata), as a the "sweet," the "bitter-sweet" and specimens which had the navel mark
careful examination of the text and the "sour"-the first being raised from specimens which had the navel mark
illustrations proves, he seed and cultivated m groves and All the testimony from the many
This seems the more strange, as our the two last found growing wild, al- growers of the Navel oranges goes to
own countryman, D. J. Browne, in most invariably in "hammocks," un- prove that the trees sent out from
his "Trees of America," written in der the shade of live oaks and other Washington under the name "Bahia"
1846, gives us the foreign names of large trees. At the time of our visit, are all alike, although they now have
ths fruit as follows: "Orangernombnii, (May, 1866), there were, of course, many local names. Washington Na-
of te French-, abel Orengenbaum, of very few of the previous winter's crop vel is now the generally accepted
the Germans 4larancio umbiic, of oranges left on the trees, and we name. Of course the climate of Cali.
the Italians; an ombgo, of the only recollect that Major Rembert fornia has made a great difference in
Spaniards; Laranjeira embiga, of the gave us a few samples from a particu- the quality and thickness of skin. etc.,
Portuguese and Bri'azilians," etc. lar seedling sweet tree, which he of this variety, as well as all others. as
The first edition of Risso and Poi- spoke of as his "best orange." We I have good reason to knoW after myy
teau's work was published in Paris in neither saw nor heard anything of the experience at the New Orleans Expo-.
j8&8; and Galesio, of Italy, also pub- Navel orange during that visit, though sition in examining evey plate of. cit-.
lished his "Traitedu Genre Citrus." at of course it is quite possible that that rus fruits there shown. California
Savonna, about the same time. In fine variety existed there. Trusting cannot grow Florida oranges on trees
this work, of which several English that some of your' -old time" corre- shipped from Florida, and vice versa.
translations have been made. there spondents may be-able to give us some This guesfsig about the effects of
were descriptions of the forty principal account of the Na'els introduced in pollen upon other varieties. Js of no
kinds of orange then cultivated in 1835. 1 remain, etc. value to science or to practical pomol.
Italy. Dr. Sickler, a German, who Jacksonvlle, April 20th, REDOND. ogy. and especially so when the pres-
lived several years in Italy, and paid J ence or absence of pollen is only sup-
great attention to the culture of the A portion of the old "-Rembert posed.
orange, published, as early as 1815, a grove" was destroyed by the gradual I will say right here that after care-
work entitled "Der Voikommen Or- encroachments of Lake George, and it fully testing under the microscope
ngerie Gartner," in which he describes is probable that the Navel trees re- many blooms of W'adhington' Navel
more than seventy kinds of citrus. ferried to were lost in this way if thee (Bahia) orange from several places in
Not having either of these two last to were lost Florida whii-h were specially sent here
named authorities (Sickler or Galesio) escaped the freeze of 35. Quite re- with great care by Mr. 'Phelps, of San-
at hand, I am unable to State whether cently the "Remberts Best" trees, al- ford, Col. Norton, of Eustis, and oth-
they describe the Navel or not; but luded to by our correspondent, an ex- ers, that they were almost devoid of
surmise they do not, as it seems im- cellent variety introduced to the trade 'pollen, and the very few grains that
probable that so remarkable a fruit, if were found were onl\ about half de-
probable that so remarkable fruit, some years since under the name ofcases not a single
.at all cultivated in Europe, couldhave me years since under the name of eo In some cases not a single
escaped the notice of Prof. De Breuil, "Peerless," have been washed away grain of pollen could be found in any
in preparing his new.edition of Risso by the waters of the lake.-ED. F. D. of the anthers of several flowers. The
for the press,. in 1872. ** flowers from the original trees here in
Wi\\'th no clew to the' sources of Mr. Adams' Navel Trees, the houses at Washington showed the
Browne's foreign nomen lature, but In' your report of proceedings of same deficiency. A full account of
merely accepting and placing it on the meeting at Ocala I am made to these examinations will, be published
record, I proceed to give you his plain say that my Navels bear i,ooo oranges, when completed.
and-unequivocal statement in regard such general sizes as 54, 76, Soper box. Mr. Thomas Meehan in his late let-
to the introduction of the Navel oiw I stated that my Navels bore as ter in the DISPATCH says some very
ange into Florida-quoting from "The much weight as any sort, and more true things that it nould be well to
Trees of Amerina," Harper's-ed., 1857., valuable. When asked how many heed. It is time for all of us to quit
p. 58, where,.after a tolerably accur- they bore? If they bore r,ooo each? speculating so much, and go to per-

forming careful and accurate experi-
The mere close proximity of two
trees, or the flowers of two trees, is
no sure evidence of their having
been cross-pollenized. Nothing is an
accurate experiment short of carefully
enclosing the buds in paper bags be-
fore they open, and before the anthers
have matured their pollen. With small
,scissors cut away every anther, thus
effectually emasculating the flowers to
be the subject of experiment. As
,soon as the stigmas are ripe and waxy,
the pollen of another flower which
has also been securely covered'to keep
out floating pollen should be applied.
All this should be done in still air,
for there are likely to be millions of
grains of pollen floating about, and
any that chances to get on the stigmas.
under experiment would spoil the
whole thing, and lead to wrong con-
clusions. Labels should be attached
and records made in a notebook of the
date, tree, variety, etc.. on both sides.
If the navel mark is transmitted to
fruit on other trees, why should not
that of the navel trees be influenced
by others, and the navel mark be
thereby suppressed? 'In all candor,
good friends, let us not form settled
opinions that are based upon mere
suppositions. H. E. VANDEMAN.
DiVision of P.inol.:-.y I.I.. Department of
Agriculure, Waahingion D. C., April 21st,
Gallesio on Gross Fertilization.
Now that the Navel orange is up for
discussion, the following extracts from
Gallesio's -"Treatise on the Citrus Fam-
ilv" will be found of interest, showing,
as they do. that, while no variety bear-
ing the peculiar mark of the Navel was
known to Galleaio, he observed a
marked tMndency among the various
kinds of oranges to develop formations
of this character, a fact alluded to by
Professor Meehan in his recent article
It the ishi'.rcH.
elsewhere in this issue Mtt. Red-
rimond' br ig*twad stogg- evidence
going to shAthat tile Navel as a va-
riely, was mnknmowni lf.Europe at this
rime (Gallesio's w'prl was published in
I818.) Is it not possible that this ten-
dency to produce sports in the fruit
"became fixed in the case of the Navel
after the orange was introduced into
These extracts are also interesting
in their bearing upon the discussion of
the immediate effect of pollenization
o i the fruit. It seems the same ques-
tion was raised in Gallesio's time as is
raised by our orange growers, namely:
how can these singular phenomena be
accounted for except by cross fertiliza-
tion? Yet all these years the matter
has been left in doubt and obscurity
for lack of scientific investigation. As
Professor Van Deman says, it is time
careful obsesation and experiment*



34:6 THE FLORIDA DISPATCR -~ rA.~nri~. 30, 18&,

tion took the place of speculation.
Gallesio says:
Monsters -are .-only individuals
whose organizations have undergone
alteration by fecundation. If this al-
teration takes place in the ovules the
monster is in the germ, and this.germ
.soWn,: produces a variety bearing only
monsters. If. thiqs alteration takes
place in the ovary.the monster is in the.
fruit which results from. it and per-
ishes -with it. This phenomenon is
so extraordinary that I hesitated a
S-6ng time to believe it, but the experi-
ments I have made respecting it have
convinced me of the truth of its ex-
istence."'. He alludes to monstrous
fruits of 'three -kinds resulting he be-
lieves from fecundation: First, altera-
tions in the forms of the ovary, "this
part acquires a partial and irregular
growth which develops the pericarp
o. on one side, and impresses upon. it
very singular forms; such as linear, de-
pressed.- or curved prolofigations,
which often contain in' their'interior a
pulpy principle or a unilocular pulp."
Second, a change of nature whereby
the fruit exhibits the characteristics of
different species. Third, "the, phe-
nomenon of a fruit containing in
itself a second fruit of the same na-
ture. The Iruit which presents this
appearance is often ruffled or in '.a
manner folded inward; *t other times
the ruffling resembles a'second fruit
which proceeds from. the interior of
the first, but- always ruffled in form.
If we cut these fruits. we perceive a
mixture of peel and cells, the one in
the other."
In another place he speaks of there
being two kinds of monsters-" mon-
strous races' and monstrous fruits.
The first fact appears to be
carried to the last point of evidence.
^ The second fact. is not so
well established, whoever
succeeds-in confirming it by exact and
repeated, experiments will have fixed
a principle of vegetable physiology
now uncertain.
For theFlorida DISPATC.
Geo. F. Foote, of Zellwood, O-
ange county, writes us on the 21st:
"Will you kindly have the enclosed
orange twigs -examined, and publish
in the DESPATCH any information that
will be of use or interest to your sub-
scribers regarding its cause and cure."
The branches of the DuRoi and St.
Michael varieties which our corre-
spondent encloses are unquestionably
affected with "die-back." In Mr. H.
G. Hubbard's "Insects Affecting the
Orange," will be found a plate show-
ing the appearance of orange limbs
and twigs affected by this disease, of
which he says: "This is a disease of
the bark and young wood, affecting
chiefly the tender shoots. These grow
to a length of one foot or eighteen
inches, and then become -stunted and
finally die. Trees affected by this dis-
ease continually -put out. new growth
which soon dies back, and finally the
older portions of the tree become af-
fected and gradually succumb."
"A morbid growth, undoubtedly of
fungus origin, invariably accompanies
the disease in its advanced stages.
This appears first as discolored
patches or slight ,swellings, which

gradually become confluent, and final-
ly burst, forming an eruption of brown-
ish color. The older branches become
covered with ridged or exfoliated bark
and exudations of gum, presenting an
unsightly appearance, not unlike that
of "black-knot" on the plum."
The peculiar microscopic fungus
which causes "die-back is undoubted-
ly well known to mycologists. The
disease yields readily to treatment with
dilute carbolic or creosote washes, and
is curable by these simple means, pro-
vided the exciting cause is removed.
This fact may be regarded as confirm-
atory of its fungus 'character. The
term 'die-back' has been applied to
several other diseases of the orange,
and even to injuries from frost, but the
affection above described is the one
which is generally known under the
name." -
"The exciting cause of 'die-back'
hlas been variously ascribed to over-
fertilization, deep planting, imperfect
drainage, the presence of humic acid
in the soil, and finally to insects.
While there is good reason to suppose
that conditions of the soil, or of culti-
vation, unfavorable to the growth of
the plant render it liable to the attacks
of fungus diseases,- there is no evi-
dence that, in. this case, its presence
is due to the depredations of' in-
sects. It is' true, the dead and-
'dying branches of trees affected with
'die-back' attract boring insects of va-
rious sorts, but these are found to be--
long to wood-eating birds, which act
as scavengers merely, and have no
connection with the disease-itself."
From a careful perusal of the above
it is clear that there is a distinction
between "die-back" and the fungus
growth that invariably accompanies
"die-back," which the author loses-
sight of when he refers to the fungus
which causes "die-back" and to "die-
back" as a fungus disease-a distinc-
tion which it is of the greatest impor-
tance to maintain in dealing with this
disease or, more properly speaking,
disorder. For "die-back" is a disease
in precisely the same sense that suffo-
cation by ordinary burning gas is dis-
ease; the remedy in the one case is to
shut off the gas and let in the air; in
the other to supply the conditions nec-
essary to healthy growth. "Die-back'"
is a derangement of the vital functions
by reason of improper soil conditions
which superinduces the attack of fun-
gus, which Professor Hubbard says.in-
variably accompanies it, which has led
to the common error that it is a fungus
disease. Remove the existing cause
and the fungus disappears, or if it is a
bad case it may require a carbolic or
creosote wash to be speedily rid of it;
but the latter would be entirely inef-
fectual as a remedy for "die-back."
It is impossible to 'say what is the
existing cause in our correspondent's
case; if too much water about the roots
drainage is the remedy; if too much ni-
trogenous matter, apply no more, and
the tree will grow out of it in time; if

deep planting, raise the trees; if the
soil is naturally deficient, as is often
the case, the tree must be removed to
a more congenial spot.
Is die-back peculiar'to Florida, or is
it found in California, the orange re-
gion of the Mediterranean and other
orange growing districts? We should
like to hear from those who have had
opportunities for observation on this
point.-ED. F. D.
Shipping Peen-tos.
In shipping Peer-topeaches, I have"
no difficulty in getting-them to market
in good shape, they'must be picked
carefully, sorted carefully and packed
carefully and then forwarded by all
rail express. Last year I shipped
nearly.four hundred bushels, which
were sent to Chicago, Cincinnati,
*Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore and
Louisville, as well as. other points
nearer home.
They should be picked when fully
mature, but-before they get soft. There
is a rich yellowish waxen color to the
Peen-to when it gets fully ripe, and it
sometimes ripens without being
colored red at all (my experience in
this respect being that liberal applica-
tions of potash lead to the production
of high color as well as finer fruit).
It is just when the peach begins to as-
sume a t-inge of this iich waxern color,
butt-while yet firm, that it should be
picked for shipping North.
There is no better way of learning
the -exact stage at 'which they should
be .picked than 'to take samples of
them at different stages of ripeness,
place them on a shelf, and see which
keeps the longest and tastes the best.
Glen St. Mary Nrsres Glen st. Mary
Fla., April 18th, 1888.
'------*'-.--- -
Pomelo vs. Grape Fruit.
Why should this awkward and
on the whole incorrect name of
"Grape-fruit" be continued? Pomelo
is much more euphonic, shorter, and
more in accordance with 'science, for
the botanical name is Citru. pomi-
Let the editors and nurserymen use
it and the rest will follow in time. A
goodly number do so already. By the
way, I want to say that this fruit is
becoming *more and more popular
every year in the Northern markets.
In Washington the fruit dealers tell
me that they are this year selling more
than twice as many as last. It is a
wholesome fruit, and when ignorance
and prejudice are overcome it is
called delicious. Growers should be
ready to meet the demand.
l o'
Budded vs. Seedling Orange Trees.
Mrs. P. P. inquires whether an old
budded orange tree will produce as
much fruit as a seedling .of the same
age? I cannot answer from personal;
experience, as my orange trees are not
fruiting yet. But from. observation
and inquiry I believe that, as a rule,.
budded, trees are more product% e than
seedlings. I know that some claim
that when the seedlings begin to bear
1hey bear heavier crops than budded.

trees, but the weight of evidence is
against them. Moreover, there' is. no
case on record of budded trees-failing
to bear good crops regularly. There
are plenty, of seedling .trees a dozen or
more years old that have borne very'-
few oranges, not, a single- profitable. -
crop. These facts, together with--the;-- .
verd important additional fact that only
budded trees can -be depended on to.-
yield uniform crops of superior qual:
ity, render budded trees much more
desirable for planting in groves.
Switzerland. Fla April 23, .l:
The White Scale. ..
The following resolution, offered by
A. L. Chapman, at the recent Cali-
fornia Fruit Growers' Convention, was
unanimously passed :- "
WHEREAS, There are twenty millions
invested in fruit culture in this State';
and whereas, this may be indefinitely-
increased, if given proper conditions;
and whereas, white scale bug 9,',ya
purchase) threatens the very 'existence .
of citrus fruits of this State, as wll "as
a number of other fruit trees ; 'and
whereas, it stands to reason that there
are parasites for these different -sale.'
bugs in places of-their nativity there-'
fore 'be it i t -
Resohed, By the fruit growers of.
California, 'in convention assembledd'. '
that the, United States Congress be pe-
titioned for an appropriation of not "
less than $59,ooo; to be used 'by the
Department ofAgriculture for the puri-
pose of sending experts to those couni-
tries where the baneful insects' are
khown to have originated, to discover,
if possible, their natural enemies,' par-:;
asites, and introduce them to this
country. Also, that thie Depkrim'nt"
of Agriculture be 'enabled- to mvrtae ac-
t.ual experiments here in' .the field tfo' .
if possible, overcome these ihjtilio'us
insects. "
Orange Shipments. ..
Following is a review of the orange
shipments from Riverside for the.cur--
rent season:
Cars. Boxes.
December shipments .......... I' l ,2il1
January .......... 51 15i,50 ,
FelIruary .... 13 I ,8,3J.
March ............ 185 52, )2'
Total to dale.... .......44uu II tI0J.
No less than 309 cars of oranges, ac-
cording to Mr. Williams, the railway
agent here, have alreadyjbeen shipped .'
from Riverside: this season. The cars
,contained' on ari. average' -325 boxes-
each, br in value nearly half a million i-.,
dollars. When it. is considered that-a --,
very large part of the crop is yet un-,-.:
,harvested, such showing is certainly,
to say the least, encouraging. Where -.
is there: another locality that exports
such an' enormotius crop?-California '
Why, Citra, a small station on~ the
Florida Railway and Navigation road,.
in this county, more than doubles this -
showing, and thi's "winter will m6re -
than quadruple :it. Our California :
friends must come to Floritda if they -
want to know something about orange
shipments.--Ocala Banner. : ..
Mr. William Wilson, the 'Green -
Cove Spring says, has netted $i6o off
of eighteen rows, fifty-seven feet in
length, of strawberries on cow-penned ..,
land. -

11PRrL 30, 188b




The Puture of Oitrum culture in
[The fonowering pacer by L. M: Holteditor of the
Grdwers'oBeiintton'wAlch caiveeda* dSiata -ar-
bara on AIl 9th umner the direction of the State
B oard 0t prel u iture.] ..
The question of where oranges can
be grown is one that has attracted the
attention of the fruit growers of Cali-
fornia to a great extent during the
past few months, and this question is
imtimately connected with. the future
of citrus culture in the State.' There is
one idea, I thiiik, that has been en-
tirely overlooked by the publicc dis-
cussions of this question, and that is,
that rore attention has been paid to
the subject of where the orange tree
can .be grown, than to where the
:.- orange fruit can be raised.
California is subject to cold waves
during the winter time. There is
particularly no portion of the State,
that is.free from the cold wave. The
quesftiot of average temperature cuts'
but little figure in orange culture, only*
as the question of minihitmuin tempera-
ture. is satisfactory. A cold wave
that will destroy the crop wilinot ma-'
terially injure the tree. Therefore'
the locality where the. tree can be suc-
ceisfilly grown might .have such a
minimum temperature that the orchard
would never fruit in a profitable man-
ner. A cold wave that would do no
damage to the tree ani no damage to
the fruit in January, might ruin the
cropjif the same temperature should
come in November, before the orange
is sufficiently matured to resist the
In- November, 1886, a cold wave'
swept over Riverside, which sent the
thiernmometer down to 270, a point
which would only cut back the tender
shoots,of the tree, and practically, it
would' not injure the tree at all'; and
yet, .the fruit iin its immature state at
that time, was seriously affected. Of
course, the mercury in different local-
ities tegisterdd a differei:t degree, but
at that time there was probably no or-
ange in the valley that was subjected
to a lower temperature than 25.
S During the -past winter the cele-
brated' cold wave which swept all over
the State put the mercury down to 250
in Riverside, two degrees lower than
the cold wave of 18,7, and yetno dam,-
age was -done, because the condition.
of the tree and fruit-was such as to
withstand the cold better in January.
than in November.
In neither one of these cold waves
6 was there any damage done 'to the or-
chard. In fact, the mercury could
have gone several degrees' lower than
it did and yet. the trees would have
sustained no injury of a permanent
The question, therefore, for the prac-
tical fruit grower to study is, to find
the locality for the planting of the or-
ange where the ,minimum tefiperature
will be high enough to save the fruit
as well as the tree.
There are a few propositions -of a
general character which are now recog-
nized in connection with citrtts fruit, cul-
ture in California. One is, that the best
localities for perfecting the orange and
lemon are located away from the coast,
in, the interior valleys of the State.
Wherever the orange has been grown,.
from Oroville to tlih Mexican liine,
Very bearing tree, wherever 'located,

has been a witness to testify to the cor-
rectness of this proposition. As a rule,
all orchards located along the coast
have been attacked by the common
.black scale, accompanied with the
'black smut' or fungus growth, and
every orchard located in an interior
valley, as a rule, has been free from
both. The one invariably accompa-
nies the other, the black smut being
the result of the black scale.
The same rule does not hold true as
regards some other insect pests. The
red scale and the cottony cushion scale
.are to be found in some central por-
tions of California where the brown or
black scale does not exist, although in
Southern California it has been con-
fined thus far to the coast valleys.
The markets of the United States
demonstrate the fact that the oranges
raised in the central valleys command
higher prices than those raised along
the coast. These interior oranges
command a higher price in Chicago
'than any oranges shipped to that mar-
ket fr9m any portion of the world. It
,was these oranges, grown in the inte-
rior valleys, that competed successfully
with Florida, and secured the gold
medals for the best twenty varieties
grown in California, in the United
States or in the world. [It was over
these same oranges that Florida won
the grand sweepstakes premium at
New Orleans, in competing against
California and the world. -
ED. F. D.] In making this state-
ment I do not wish to reflect in the
least upon the magnificent display of
orairges from San Diego county at the
New Orleans World's Fair. It is a
well known fact that the line which
separates-the interior valleys from the
coast valleys, so far as the citrus fruits
are concerned, nears the coast as we
progress southward towards the Mexi-
can line, and that only a few miles
back from the ocean, in San Diego
county, we find as clean fruit as we do.
farther north, twice or three times that
'distance. It is also true that on the
very coast, in San Diego county, clean
orchards can be grown for many
years, although eventually the scale,
as a rule, gets possession of the trees.
'Hence, we find around the Bay of San
Diego very fine oranges grown on
young 'trees. This does not conflict
with the general rule which places the
home of the orange, in California,
away from the coast.
The time is comingwhen train loads
of oranges, from California will be
shipped across the Rocky Mountains,
where now only car-loads are sent. It
is only about three years since oranges
were first shipped successfully from
Southern California to Chicago. It was
then an experiment; a market had to
be made in the Western States. It
took time to make it, and yet the mar-
ket has extended more rapidly than the
bearing capacity of our orchards, and
-there has never been a time since
the shipment of oranges on a large
scale to the Western States commenced
when the demand for good oranges did
-not exceed the supply. And yet the
'-markets of the Northwest are only-par-
tially.developed, and the East has not
'been touched at all.
We do not come in .conflict with
Florida in the orange markets of the
North, because the Florida crop is mar-

keted before the California crop is ready
to market. Our shipments begin about
the first of February, and at that time
theirs is practically ended. The Flor-
ida crop of oranges comes into the
market about the first of November,
and "continues for four months. The
California crop commences about the
first of February and continues about
four months. Florida has the disad-
vantage of placing its fruit on the mar-
ket during the four coldest months, at
a time when the public do not appre-
ciate acid fruits. The California crop
comes upon the market in the spring,
when the system demands an acid
fruit, and at a time when there is prac-
tically no other fruit in the market
with which it is brought into competi-
It is for this reason, and for another
reason of actual superiority, that the
California orange commands from $i
to $2 per box more in the market than
is 1tid for Florida oranges.
As yet the supply of' the California
orange is not equal to the demand,
and the supply is not increasing as
rapidly as the public generally think.
Orange orchard planting has practi-
cally ceased for several years past
along the coast valleys of Southern
California, while it has received an
impetus in the interior valleys during
the past three or four years. There
has been practically no increase of pro-
duction of oranges in the coast valleys
and it is doubtful if there ever will be
an increase in those sections. Hence,
we must look to the interior valleys
for the orange supply of the future.
This supply, at present, comes from a
limited area, and the-future increase
of oranges' from those valleys will be
slow, because it requires so many
years to plant the orchard and bring
it into bearing. Riverside illustrates
this point very nicely, as is seen from
the shipments from that.valley during
the past four years.
During the season of 1884-5, the'
shipment of oranges from Riverside
amounted to 5oo carloads,
During the season of 1885-6, the
shipments were about the same.
During the season of 1886-7, the
shipments, did not reach 500 carloads.
During the present season, 1887-8,
the shipments to date have reached
nearly 500 carloads, with probably 200
or 300 carloads yet to go forward.
The total shipments of oranges from
Southern California are not a great
deal larger to-day than they'were four
years ago, arid yet while the increase
is slow, it is certain, and in the four
years to come we may look for a
larger increase than in the four years
past, because more young orchards
will come into bearing.
The question of raising a superior
orange in California is now settled.
This State not only raises a superior
orange, an orange that is king among
oranges, but .that fact is recognized by
the markets of the United States, and
there i, no probability that the present
century will see enough oranges pro-
duced in California to supply the spring
markets of the Atlantic States. The
Mediterranean orange is being prac-
tically driven from the mi-arket,. while
the Florida orange cuts no figure, as
it is not a competitor.
Our people are learning rapidly

where choice oranges can be raised
successfully. Fortunes have been
lost in learning this lesson, and other
fortunes, probably, will also be lost in
trying to demonstrate the fact that the
California citrus belt is a large one.
A few will pay heavy tuition to learn
these facts, and the masses will ltae
advantage of the facts thus learned.
Cultivation of the orange in fayora-
ble localities is probably the most pro-
fitable business to which an acre of
ground can be devoted for horticiul-
tural and agricultural purposes.: It-
takes time to develop an orange grove,
and this fact, taken in connection with
the fear of over-production, keeps the ,
masses from going into the industry,
and hence, the time when over-pro-
duction will come, ifever,"is puslid far
into the future.
The price of choice orange land in
California is yet very 'ow, as compared
to the price it must attain when this
industry and the markets become fully
and thoroughly established. Riverside
to-day has 3,000 acres of orange
groves, which will produce next year
one carload to every three acres,
and this crop will increase from year-
to year until an average crop of two'
car loads to the acre is reached, r -
6,000 carloads from the 3,000 acres.
The crop of these 3,000. acres next
year will ;pay $200,000 in freight, an
average of $66 to the acre, and when-
the trees are in what may be called full
bearing, they will pay freight at the
rate of $6oo an acre, if the freight rates
continue as they are to-day--$2o0 a
car load-while the average net in-
come of the crop now is $300 an acre .
and similar markets which have -pre-. "
failed here for the last three years will
pay, when the trees come into full
bearing, six times that amount, or, an
average of $i,8oo an acre, this being
reckoned as the net price of the crop
upon the tree. In fact, single orchards
are now yielding that income.
I did not intend to make this paper
a document for booming California,
but a discussion of the future of citrus
fruit culture that left out the question ;
of dollars and cents would be incom-
While I am sanguine of the future
profits of orange culture, I cannot say
so much for the future of the lemon
-business, and as this portion of- thie,
industry is as yet in its infancy but is
being developed in a satisfactory.but'
very slow way, I only give: that part -
of the subject a passing notice. -
The very best of, lemons., can, be,.. .
raised in 'California. They will ripen,
however, at the wrong season of the
year, and the only question now for;
our people to ascertain is, how can- -
the lemon be picked in December and
marketed in June.

The dry weather is doing much in- .
jury to the gardens and crops in the
Orlando neighborhood.. The orange
trees are also beginning to drop the .
young oranges. Much loss is feared'.
unless it rains within the next tenrdays.:
or two weeks. The tobacco crop as
yet has suffered but little. -
Loquats have paid well this year.
One grower netted over 1oo from ten: .
ten-year-old trees.,-Lake Kerr Rec-



Apria 39, 1888.1


Its Culture and Improvement
the South.


A great many cereals, more or less
adapted to Florida, have been intro-
duced: and' cultivated in this State
during the last few years. Some of
them ,have proved eminently satisfac-
tory and have been given a place in
the farm calendar, but thus far none
have superseded or taken the lead of
Indian corn. It is one of the stand-
bys" for- grain and, to a large extent,
for fodder. Few, if any, other plants
have as many varieties as corn, and
are, as easily adapted -by acclimatiza-
tion to varying conditions of soil and
climate... It does not; as is the case
with most plants, require an expert to
do this. It is easily done by any
farmer. As a result, every locality
has :one .or niore. sorts peculiarly its
own, and peculiarly adapted: to its
-Something has been done in this
State to obtain-corn suited to the con-
ditions of our soil and climate, as will
be seen by Mr. Hendry's excel-
lent article in another column ii
this department, but we are not en-
tirely satisfied with the results thus far
obtained. We believe a careful series
of experiments,' beginning with the
best obtainable 'varieties, and carried
on in.-the' manner suggested below,
would give the various sections of the
State better varieties of corn--varieties
that will yield larger and more perfect
ears, a greater number of bushels to
the acre, and a grain that will keep
better. -
The following sensible and practical
hints we find in "Home and Farm,"
by Jeff. Melborn, of Texas:. The
improving of corn or cotton is easy
and simple, and costs but little extra
.work and no outlay of money; but the
crossing of varieties takes an expert.
The ordinary farmer that undertakes
it. will have a worthless mix-up. His
crop,will-have the appearance of an
early field of corn replanted; one stalk
* will be suffering for work -while its
nearest neighbor will not be ready.
This is not only troublesome, but it
causes more work and less yield; be-
side, this crossing takes many years to
benefit. The crossing is not 'a good
plan, anyway, for we can take any one
variety and in a few years make al-
most any! kind: we wish. It takes
time to lengthen the grain, or change
its color, or build up a large cob; but
time and care will do the work.
The first thing is to decide what
kind of corn we wish.
Get the kind that comes nearest to
our ideal. Select seed accordingly.
If -we wish two ears to the stalk we
must not expect large ears. In select-
, ing seed, pick such stalks as have two
ears, both ears being as near as possi-
ble the same size. -Both will be small,
unless the land is exceedingly rich.
Give good distances. In a few years
you will hai e but few stalks with'lut

the Farm.

two ears, whether the land is rich or
poor; but you will find your yield con-
siderably cut off if your land is not ex-
ceedingly fertile, and your expense in
gathering and feeding doubled, for it
costs nearly as much to handle a nub-
bin as a good ear.
What does the South want with more
than one ear to the stalk? One good
ear to the square yard will make eighty
bushels to the acre. I have made 104
bushels per acre, and not one stalk in
fifty had over one ear. Not only will
your ears diminish in size as you put
tnore of them on a stalk, but your
grain will shorten, and there is no help
for it. Again, you cannot hold a small
grain on a small cob. It is out of pro-
portion, and nature will rebel. We
can assist nature, but she will not sub-
'nit to our ignoring her power.
In dwarfing the cob we either
shorten the grain or weaken its vital-
ity. In the North where the season'
is short and hard freezes thoroughly
prepare the land, it becomes necessary
to not only dwarf the cob, but stalk
also, but we see the grain is propor-
tioned, short, broad grain. To make
a good yield they crowd more stalks
on the land., This is beyond doubt
the correct plan with these short sea-
sons and quick land.
But with us in the South the thing
is reversed. Our seasons are long,
our lands are sluggish and cold until
June. This early corn planted first of
March will be in silk by the middle of
May, before our. lands have unlocked
their store-house or the night's have be-
come warm enough. I never, heard
corn pop from fast growth until June,
but I have heard it in June almost
like musketry on a skirmish line. In
this latitude, Northeast Texas, from
the fifth of June until the same date
in July, our land is in the very best
condition. This we know by seeing
how fast weeds and grass grow..
I never heard of a man getting in
the grass ;until after this time, and
then e ery man has his hands full. The
weather is warm but not hot. This
month makes our crop if we have
done our duty. But how often is it
this cream of our season is used up in
making weeds, and we pull, puff and
sweat and get them down and crop in
condition to go to growing just as the
weather turns off dry and hot. We
grumble and growl about the rain, and
growl and grumble about the dry, and
say "if we just could get a season!" in-
stead of saying, "'If I had done my
duty when I had, time through the
winter and spring."
Have we any better guide than na-"
ture? She is my guide in everything.
Again we see those little Northern va-
rieties planted about the time we plant
cotton make good crops. But the cul-
tivation mixes up with our cottorf cul-
ture. Again, these small, soft cobs.
must have a flint grain. A soft grain
on a soft cob would damage by rot in
drying. This flinty grain must be
ground up fine or. softened before fed
or a considerable portion will pass
through undigested.
Again, we see that late maturing
plants contain more sugar than those
maturing early. How often have we
thrown aside our old-fashioned. late
yellow yam for some earlier and more
prolific kind to be disappointed, when

they they came to the table, for the
sugar.is not there. We see most of
our Southern people cat corn-bread,
while no Northern man ever eats' it
until he comes South. But we see
many after staying here a while eating
it. They say it is the climate; I say it
is the corn.
We buy the Northern pearl meal; it,
has an insipid taste. He'll -say it
was killed in grinding; I say it is the
deficiency of sugar. If it had the sugar
it would not be flinty. But this soft corn
has one curious drawback-while it is
easily digested it also rots easily.
Therefore it should be planted as low
down in the ground as the nature, of
the land will admit (I don't mean cov-
ered deep), and in the laying by leave
a good ridge to it. This not only keeps
it from blowing down, but-puts the soil
and manure near the stalk, which will
hurry the crop through faster; no dan-
ger of stalk growth, for the stalk is
then-made. Many Southern people
are carried away with double rows, so
am I, but I want both rows planted in
the same drill. In other. words, I
want a wide row.arid thick in the drill.
On Red river bottom (as rich as any
land) we have all rows four feet wide,
and leave corn in the drill anywhere;
from eighteen to thirty inches, one
stalk; cotton two stalks in a place
anywhere from one t t'vo feet. If
the corn is 'dropped in a shallow
shovel furrow, letting the covering
furrows go a little deeper, it will come
up quicker, with better stand and
grow off faster than.if laid off deep
with. bulltongue, as we generally do.
We find the new Avery planter does
the work well by having the holes in
the dropper plate reamed out larger.
Any blacksmith can do the job for 25
cents. It is the: only planter I have,
found that would plant our deep soft
corn without breaking the grains.
Any work that can -be done by ma-
chinery can be done cheaper and bet-
ter than by hand. Four negroes and
four mules planted one hundred acres
in a fraction over two and a half days.
This is only about twelve cents per
acre; by hand, cost us about thirty
cents per acre. ,We have 140 acres
of cotton to plant; by the time we get
through the planters will have paid for
After the corn is planted, and just
.before the time for it to come up, if
but little rain has fallen since planted,
we block off with a big dragging block
or log over it, but if the ground is
crusted use a harrow; follow close be-.
hind the harrow with double shovels,
like running around. Then run one
time down the middle after we get
around the drill. The object is to get
it entirely clean. Keep the crust torn
up so the sun can warm up the ground
before the little corn gets up in the
way. From now on we try to get
there at least every ten days.
Soon as the corn joints we put in the
hoes to thinning out. This is done by
cutting off the corn just below the sur-
face; the dquble shovels follow close
behind the hoes, covering up the stump
or root of the stalks cut off. If' the
.corn is planted low and the root is well
covered, it will not come out;. if
planted on a ridge it will.
Right along here nearly all of our
people think they have a rest time just

before cotton chopping. We use this.:
rest time by goig.g -over our corn: again,
with double _shovel. If cotton is not
ready by the time we get 6oer, we go
back and'come over again. \\'e ant
it to be fresh and well plowed whenr-we
start on.the cotton. We keep up this
fast work until corn gets waist high.
Now, if there is moisture sufficient for
the turning plow to turn the dirt, with-
out going too deep, we lay by. If not
season enough in the ground we keep
the double shovels going through it
untilwedo. catch a season, ,or until the
.corn gets -under good headway tassel-
Weuse no plow in cultivation but
the Avery double. shovel, except
At ery A O*turning plows, in laying by.
WVe see our string of tools, are not very
numerous or costly. Anybody -can-.
afford them, and a .negro can handle
them to perfection.
My plan of. improving seeds is
equally cheap and simple. IMy im--
provement has been for a deep, soft
grain and large ear. :Instead 'of
dwarfing'the cob I lengthen the grain.
We use no manure of any., kind: on
seed patch. We selec- about an acre
of the best.land, that is not liable to
damage from either wet or dry. It is
cultivated as the main crop. When
about every .-tenth stalk; has
silked, I go over it with a piece of old
cloth and tie strips on all stalks that
have silked.. I get about -500
-stalks. About fodder, time (but doll't.
pull the fodder), I go over, again and
tie a second strip on such stalks as suit
This gives about one hundred
stalks. As soon as dry enough to
gather I take a sack, go over and
gather all with two strips tied on them,
-carry. them to the house, shuck all
and select about ten ears on which
the grain and cob suits me best.. This
is for my nextyear's seed patch. The
balance of the acre is thrown in a sep-
arate crib, and at odd, times the seed
picked and nailed up for next. year's
crop. In this way we not only get
the earliest, but thriftiest stalks, with
grain and cob to suit, but our crop is
uniform, all silking and maturing at
the same time.
Best Methods and Varieties for
South Florida.
The subject of raising corn on pine
land in Florida is being discussed in
the DISPATCH, I contribute my might
gained by thirty years experience in
South Florida.
Bed out your land in October, or as
soon as the growth of weeds and grass
is matured and seeds ripening, and
before the weeds and grass is dead and
dry. If your rows are not already five
feet wide make them so, and bed back
into the old. middle. or water furrow.
If you have fertilizers scatter it in the
old middles and bed on it. Should
you not turn.the grass and weeds un-
der before they are dead. and dry bet-a
ter defer bedding out until about
January;. then burn off and plow.im-..
mediately to save the ashes, as the
wind soon takes them off. Either, way,
will do as may suit the" wishes aind
convenience of the farmer. When
planting time comes, generally the i st



APRIL 30.1888.J


of March, draw. a furrow with a wide
plow as near in the middle and top of
bed as you can, and drop one grain in
a hill from fifteen inches to two feet
apart, according to strength'of land,
and -cover with' a narrow one-half
shovel plow, throwing four furrows to
each row to be covered. Just as you
think. the corn is about coming up put
a board crosswise in place of the plow
and board it off. After the corn is
fairly started chop out with a hoe every
other stalk, and you have it. Give it
three good plowings and one sweep-
ing. While in roasting ear one or
two hoeings if needed. Get for .your
seed some flint variety, white or yel-
The Yellow Flint Havana has been
planted in South .Fl6rida for forty
years. I see some agricultural dis-
tricts have lately caught on, and some
papers giving it a grand send off.
: There is nothing so very commendable
about it, except that a small, short
S. nubbin is rich in nutrition, and as
good as any, so far as it. goes, and is
almost 'weevil- proof; very hardy;
stands drought better; if, by accident,
the yield should be short, what you
d-; dget will be good .
S. -The foregoing described mode of
planting and cultivating was reached
me Iafter trying checking, two
S:stalks, four and four-and a half feet
-rows, and- every other mode; and the
S nios: successful farmers -in South Flor-
ida & ere governed by the one de-
scribed, and we all %ere agreed oh it.
During many years I made enough
.to -feed two horses, and would sell
from 560 to '1o bushels each year .at
an average of $1.25 per buishel,. My
cow-pennred land. made from twelve
? and a half to twenty bushels ier acre.
Fort Meade, Fla., April 11, 1888,

: The Best Method for Corn. and
'Other Crops .in the
Lower South.
-In the great corn growing regions
-'of -the North and West the question
"deep or shallow culture for corn;"
is being warmly discussed by practical
men; the advocates of both methods
-bring forward seemingly uncontro-
vertable facts in support of their res-
pective theories, and it seems unlikely
.that the .controversy will not be settled
.in favor of either method. : The fact is,
corn -requires both deep and shallow
culture and nowhere,: is this more true
than in Florida. But deep culture
-doesn't- mean turning under- shallow
soils, leaving a sub-soil of little fertility
on' tihe surface, a mode of procedure
Which has been, tried here by many
farmers who have been used to the
: alluvial lands of the Mississippi Valley,
resulting not only in a loss of-the im-
mediate crop, but destroying the pro-
ductiveness of the soil for some years.
Stir as deeply as possible and deep in:
' the soil, but never run a- turn- plow
ew their soil. .
In speaking of corn culture in the
Lower South in the Mobile "Regis-

ter," Professor Stelle runs the line of
common sense through these varying
theories in this vwise: The great advant-
age of level culture for corn has long
been advocated by the most eminent
agri culturists. Corn roots instead of run
ning down, as many thougtlessly sup-
pose, spread, out near the surface, and
if hilled up throw out a second set of
roots from the joint nearest the surface.
This process exhausts the plant, un-
necessarily using the plant food which
should go to develop stalks, leaves and
ears. Again, level culture secures, in
the greatest degree possible, exemption
from the effect of drought. Leaving
the ground in furrows exposes double
the surface to the absorbing influence
of the hot, dry air, while keeping the
surface as level as possible, yet loose,
enables it to not only retain the moist-
ure in it, but to condense that which
is present in the air, which penetrates
the porous soil.
There is another serious fault with
the ordinary system of cultivation. The
corn" roots spread .out over the
ground, forming a net work. Deep
plowing between the rows tears these
all to pieces every time the land- is
gone over, and in a dry season so saps
the very life of the plants that they
cannot absorb sufficient plant food to
form the ear, and :the result is a fail-
ure of the crop.-
Now,. unquestionably the ground
should be thoroughly pulverized down
deep so it will hold the moisture, but
this should be done while the corn is
small, before the ground becomes a
network of corn roots.
In the Lower South we have, in our
experience, found level culture not
only best for corn, but for every other
crop, not excepting sweet potatoes,
which most people think ought to
always be in ,a ridge. First, a deep
preparation of the soil, no matter what
the crop, then culture middlingly-deep
while the plants are still young (no
chilling up), and finally a "lay-by,"
with the land as nearly level as possi-
ble, without there having been any
deep working after side roots had be-
gun to spread out.
Deep culture, after the roots have
begun to spread, is simply root-prun-
ing, and it is safe to assert that for
corn, at least, root-pruning very mate-
rially damages the crop by lessening
the root-surface presented in the soil
for gathering moisture and plant-foodi
There is a growing belief among pro-
gressive farmers that less root-pruning
is desirable. Under the various names
of "level culture,'" "shallow culture,"
"medium culture," etc., surface cul-
ture has been advocated, and the idea
is gaining ground. The harrow is
more used than formerly while the
corn is yet young. Deep plowing near
the corn late in the season has been
generally abandoned by the best farm-
ers for some time, and hilling is less in
vogue than formerly. Lately the bull-
tongue and gopher, with their flat-cut-
ting blades, have again been brought
into use, especially for the last work-
ingspof corn. Laying the corn by with
one-horse harrows or shallow one-horse
cultivators is practiced in some locali-
ties. During the last few years in-
ventors have been trying to make some
form of surface: cultivator that would

. 849

* -. :

do as thorough and rapid work as the grass. The grass itselfis mno fraud,'but
deep cultivator shovels. making it sail as a novelty, under anew
The objects of the summer cultiva- name, certainly is, to- say nothing of
tion of corn are to kill weeds and to the fact that there are hosts of farmers
keep the surface of the soil in a mel- who would not willingly start Johnion
low condition, and to form a mulch. grass on their lands for any considera-
It is a mistaken idea that most soil tion.
must be loosened up to a considerable "
depth after the roots are well started "A Little. Farm Well Tilled."
to allow the freer passage in their on- The farmer that attempts to cultvate
ward growth. This statement is not too much land seldom makes a success
based on mere theory, but upon. care- of it, because unable to give minute
ful examination of the way corn roots attention to everything -that requires
shove their points through dense soils it, hence what: is done is never done
and subsoils.; The deeper tilled part well. But it is a mistake to think that
of the soil should be %tuherized by the the farmer is the only man that at-
stirring plow or by deep cultivation be- tempts this. There are men in every
fore or immediately after planting, and department of business just as anxious
not after the roots have started out. to do over much, and it is a notable
That part of the soil which is broken fact that wherever they are, or-.who.
up, inverted, and mixed with stubble ever. they almost invariably make a
and applied manure, is the richest part, failure. Some men are, it is true, able
and should not be used in forming the to generalize, supervise and overlook
"dirt mulch." a large -and multifarious business, but
Sa 4 they are \ery rare. As a rule, the
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. man who has a limited business or a
Eradicating Maiden Cane. limited number of duties to'attend to,
As we learn something in nearly, if and 'makes it a point to confine his
not quite every number of the Dis- efforts to a thorough attention to them,
PATCH, that is a benefit to us, we offer secures the only real success. These
the following which may be actept- are found in the great mass of men of
able to new comers and possibly to mediocre character, who know their
some old residents. business thoroughly and attend to it
-Maiden cane that has complete onlvy.-Coleman's Rural World.
possession of a field can: be extermi-
nated in one summer by plowing and The first plow ing of corn should be
harrowing as often as; it comes up. deep, and some parties recommend
If in a grove it canfbe cut off with a deep culture for the second plowjiug.
hoe close to the trees. All good Farmers, ho.vever, areagr'eed
*Scuppernong grapes pruned in that the last cultivation should be shal-
August will not bleed a drop. low. Remember this.
To keep corn or any seed from :
weevils, expose to the light. Catarrh Cured.
We are looking anxiously for. Mr. A clerymaNun, after years of suffering
Lanphere's report on Texas Blue iron tha, loathsome disease, Catarrh,
Grass. and vainly trying every known, remedy,
rass. at last found a prescription which conm-
We set out a small patch the i5th pletely cured and saved him from death.
of last December, and it is heading Any sufferer from this dreadful disease
now and nearly covers the ground. sending a self-addressed, stamped eive-
Was set I2Xi5 ince on ordinary lope to Proessor J. A. Lawrence, !212
pWas set 2xd 5 inches on ordinarat East Ninth street, New York, will re-
pine land, and had a moderate ap- ceive the recipe free of charge. *
plication of Mapes' Vegetable Manure. --- *
"SUBSCRIBER Expression of thought, now.a-days,
Chulnota,Fla., April, 14 .888. must be clipped closely at both ends
'o J to secure attention.
Two JerseyCows. Good wholesome fruit ~ill never be
Two years ago my husband bought too plentiful, for the market can have
me a registered Jersey heifer. She will indefinite expansion.
be four years old on the 28th of May. Bea in mind t h fact that c untr
She is now the mother of three daugh- Bear n mnd the factthat c.y
ters and one grand-daughter, seven highways .worked .suitably in-spring,
months old. My cow, with her sec- show more favorable results than whe
ond calf, gave two pounds of butter a the work is deferred. -
day. I have sold from her daughter
(a heifer two years old the 4th day of
this month) 135 pounds 'of butter from -"
the first of January to the first of April. '
Take into consideration her age and
the age of her calf (seven months), -
don't you think she did well? My : '
experience justifies the use of some
mill feed the year round for both cows
and calves. You advise drying cows
up for a few weeks before calving. We 4
could not dry ours up, and I can show
calves agairist any one. -Mrs. J. A.
Loch, Lowndes County, Miss., in -
Southern Live Stock Journal. sEi THIS I Ayer's Sarsaparilla-dol.
1 tar a bottle-worth five dollars of any nan's
Another Fraud. money. Either as a Tonic or Blood-purifer,
The editor of the Rural New Yorker Ayer's Sarsaparilla has no eqial I
SDr. James H. Stone. Tappan, Ohio, says
has seen a sample of the newly-adver- I know of no alterative that gives so much
tised 'novelty" offered by many seeds- satisfaction as Ayer's Sarsaparilla."
men under the name of Australian mil- Ayer's Sarsaparilla,
let. He found it to be nothing more preparedd byDr.J.O.Ayer& Co.,Low ell,Mass.
nor less than our Southern ohnson Price $; six bottles, $5. Woth$5 a bottle.

7 ..'- "-- -

*i---^' -**'. -L-5.''


4~a 4JA~8


Budded Roses.
Mrs. P. P., of Citrus county, asks:
"If ever-blooming roses are budded
upon a stock which blooms only once
a year will they bloom more than once
a year?"
The stock .used.does not seem to af-
fect the blooming of the budded top.
Something over a year ago we pub-
lished an item on Hybrid Perpetual
roses il the Tropics from Vick's Mag-
azine. The editor stated that they
were usually very unsatisfactory in
warm climates; but added that it was
claimed that if they were budded upon
an ever-blooming stock they would
bloom :better. With the view/ of test-
ing the matter, we budded'a General
Jaqueminot on to a'Washington. The
ffist is.one of the, best of the Hybrid
.Perpetual roses at the.North, but is
very unsatisfactory here. The Wash-
ington is a Noisette, and is one of the
most constant bloomers we have ever
seen; seldom a week that there are no
flowers on the bushes. The bud grew
well, ..but does not bloom any better
than the bushes on their own roots.
the other hand, we have used the
common Multiflora as a stock on which,
to bud quite a number of different va-
rieties of Noisette and Tea roses.
The Multiflora blooms once a year
in early spring, but the buds bloom
quite as often, and as freely as on their
own roots. Some object to budded
-r.oseson account of their liability to
sprout from the stock below the bud.
It requires some care to overcome this
tendency, but we have roses budded a
little more than two years ago that
have not attempted to sprout below
the bud, for a year and a half. After
the bud starts into growth, cut all the
sprouts from the stock, and afterwards
as the sprouts appear cut each one
' off close, taking a little bark from the
stock with the base of the sprout. If
this course, is followed persistently for
a few months all the buds on the
. stock, will have started and been cut
-off, and thenceforward they will give
no trouble.

Graceful Grasses.
Under, this title a writer from Illi-
nois. in the Ladies Home Companion,
"First on this list I would name Eu-
lalia Japonica zebrina, called zebra
grass. The leaves are deep green,
with stripings or markings across the
leaf instead of lengthwise of leaf, as
is usual with this class of plants. My
plant is about four feet high, is both'
graceful and beautiful, and is always
noticed from its peculiar appearance.
It grows rapidly, in rich loam, with a

Qraniental a iorticul ure.


good supply of water, which I give
every evening. The flower stalk
grows about five feet high, and bears
a plume something like tassels. It is
beautiful dried for bouquets."
"The Eulalia Japonica variegata, a
companion grass, is a variety with
growth similar, leaves long and nar-
row, green, striped with white and
yellow. It grows about four feet
high, with strong flower stalk termina-
ting in a cluster of plumes, silky when
dried. These are both beautiful
grasses, and should be grown together.
A small root, with proper loam and
plenty of moisture, will give large
clumps by fall. I just obtained mine
-this spring, and am much pleased
with them."
.Both of these grasses seem to thrive
in Florida soil and climate as though
they were natives. The first variety
is the most ornamental and the most
vigorous grower.
"Pampas grass, Gynerium argente-
um, is a lovely reed-like grass. The
long and slender, bluish-green leaves
make rapid, strong growth. Mine is
almost five feet high, and was only a
small plant last spring. It presents a
striking appearance, and will be a
grand, ornamental .plant even if it
never blooms, but I hope to have
plumes on mine."
Pampas grass is hardy in this State,
and a single clump will yield fifty or
more fine plumes every year. Cannot
the cultivation of this grass be made
profitable here ?
"Arundo donax variegata, is a
beautiful, hardy grass, with long,
striped, golden-yellow leaves, no two
leaves just alike. It is a rapid, strong
grower. The leaves are wider than
the grasses I have described, and the
plant is very showy in a large clump.
For single specimens in the centre of
beds, or for planting out on lawns,
this grass cannot be excelled by any
plant I know of. I have given it a
liberal quantity of water every evening,
and I think I shall have some fine
plumes this fall to give variety to my
winter bouquets."
This is one of the handsomest orna-
ments that can be found early in the
season. But late in the summer it
loses all its white stripes and becomes
wholly green. It is a strong grower,
the flower stalks often measuring from'
ten to fifteen feet in height.
Reminiscences of an Old Cam-
paigner and a Bit of History
about the Poinciana (0.
In your excellent edition of April
i'di we were much interested in the
page you devote to Ornamental Hor-
ticulture, and read the urgent invita-
tion given by the editor of that de-
partment to all the readers of the Dis-
PATCH to send him their experience
with flowers. There are many remi-
niscences interwoven. with even the
thought of flowers, whose beauty and
mysterious perfume, in quiet retrospec-
tion, often come to us in an inter-

woven tangle of memories and dreams
of old campaigning days, when love,
and death joined hands-when notes
of picolo and beat of muffled drums
were a sad finale to the lives of those
whose hearts had ceased to beat in,
hospital and in camp, and we were
thankful that for them the weary
march had ended and that though
" earth might run red with other wars,
they were now at rest."
Pardon an old soldier who now, in
the quiet of his Floridian home, never
expects to hear the bugle "boots and
saddle" call again, but, waiting for
the last roll call or "lights out,"
takes much delight in a quiet way in
some of our familiar flowers, and
among them the poinciana, pulcher-
ima, as, swaying in the Gulf breeze,
its gorgeous blazonry of crimson and
gold, sometimes fading into tints of
flame and ember under the sun's glare,
then again with the single tint of vir-
gin gold, but always in dignified, aris-
tocratic beauty, an oriflamb of- old
Castilian days, of colonial courts and
stately ceremonial, now in the sunset
of the past, but here, as nature's ser-
vitor, beautifying many a humble
Southern home, where the aesthetics
of rural life are not subserved to the
more solid occupations, of orange
grove, truck farm and cattle ranch,
but communing with nattire, through
whose mute flower language we may
learn to apprehend-perhaps at last to
comprehenid-much that even the
Bible withholds from the students of
its word.
Perhaps I can do no better than
give an instance of the thought I
would express as to the ministering
angels flowers may sometimes be.
It is now more than 2., years since
your correspondent stood among a lit-
tle group of Garabaldi's soldiers, at
the close of Mentana's bloody 'day,
when the valor of an armof irregu-
lar volunteer's had succumbed to the
discipline and perfected weapons dof
the Pontifical army, combined with
the powerful auxiliary service of the
French contingent, whose dreaded ,
Chasepot rifle and Antibes, Legion
made fearful slaughter in the Garabal,-
dian ranks that day.
Upon the ground, his red. shirt in-
carnadined with deeper red in, places,
lay a grizzled veteran, for whom, a
tired priest had been sent to: perform
the last rites for the dying. A strange
incongruity it seemed to shrive a man
who had received his death wound
fighting against the Church,of Rome ,
and so we waited, wondering what
the priest would say, until a comrade,
bending over him whispered, "keep
thy heart, Antonio, the good Father
will soon be here."
Then the dying man said faintly,
"I do not need him, but bring, me
flowers, for every one-of them will be
an angel to me," and then. quickly
from the great campagna, tired and,
dirt-grimmed men gathered little wild.
flowers and took them to the dying,
man, who, looking on them .tenderly, t
whispered words we could not hear,
until his eyes closed gently, as might a
tired child's eyes among the flowers:
of spring.
Tenderly stooping down, his corn-
rade spoke to the old hero, drew down
his eyelid with powder-blackened'

fingerr. and looked upon the glassy
eye, thiei placed his hand upo6 his
heart-it had ceased to beat.
Among the flowers some angels
might havebeen who bore the soldier's
soul to heaven while the vesper bells
were ringing and the violet tinge of
sunset was deepening on the hills of
Not long ago. we were speaking .of-
similat flower Associatiaris to Col. W.
J. de Poincey, of Manatee,in honor of -
whose family the Poinciana bears its
name, and from whose material ances-
try came the Empress Josephine, and
he kindly gave us the following inter-
esting description of how the plant
whose name we mentioned first carae
by the name orf Poincianai
"In. 51u Tertre's 'H-istory of the
Antilles,' published in 1661, (in des-
cribing the vegetable productions of
the West Indies), lhe remarks, at page
154, vol, "* It is neces-
sary to. conclude this chapter by a des-
cription of that handsome shru6, that
some have niia6ed 'Poincyllane,' in
'honer of M. de Poincy,. to whom it
wvasbrought from the island of St.
Martin, which is the reason it is some-
times called St. Martin's flower.
* 'In. s om;e botanical
works it is stated'that tis, plant was
named for M. de Poin.cy by the
famous French botanist Tournefort;
but this is doubtful, as the slirbb was
already known as Poincyllane at the
time when Tournefort, who was born
in i656, was. a mere child. The
'Chevalier Philippe de Lourilliers-
Poincy. (after whom the plant was
named). was Governor-General of tlie
French Antilles from 1639 to the year
of his death, i66o. By conquest -M.
de Poincy acquired from the Caribs
and Spaniards the islands of St. Croix,
St. Bartliolomew and St. Martin,
which he colonized and- held for the
Order of St. Johs, of; Jerusalem, in
which he was Bailiff and Grand-Cross.
Philippe dle Poincy was descended
from at very ancient family mentioned
in I182, in.the Chronicles of Hainault,
and, their called. Blondel de Lquvil-
leirs-Blondel de Nesle, the fampus
"'Troubadour" of King Richard,
'Coeiur d Eibon," was; of this: house;
as was also the'Sir: Jean de L ouvilti'ers,
spoken of by Froissart in his' Chron-
icles, page, 59,. .
In the year 1552, the-family ac-
quired the estate of Poincy, near
'Meaux, France; and' from-that titheiit
hlas. bee'knriown as Louvilliers-Poitcy.
On the 6th of. MAy, 15,92, Gharlot,te,
,the sister, of the Governpor-General de
Poincy) married, at Anet, Florimond
dt Saois-and' frort them was de's-
cended. Rose' Claire' d, anbis, who
married- Josephb Gaspard Tascher de
la. Pageri, whence issued. Marie Fran-
coise Josephine, wife of Napolean
Bonaparte. ALDEN J. ADAMS."
Villa Zan1z, Manatee, Fia'.'

Mina. Lobata,, anew climb6r,,is an
entire failure,, and in all respects en-
tirely, destitute of merit. It is even a
worse humbug than Humilis Japonica.

No better-pllantfora hanging) basket '
or vase than an Ivy Geranium.. The
later introductions are profuse bloom-
ers, and'have ldwets ofrgreat beauty.

APRIL 80, 1888.]


1ion3e Interests.


Gather Up the Fragments.
The old saw that, "many a mickle
makes,, a muckle," is nowhere more
appreciable than in the kitchen, and
Some writers tell us that if observa-
tion goes for anything, there is more
wasted in an ordinary American family
in one year than would suffice to keep
a .French family well, for the same
time. Ifthis.is conceded the "lead-
ing nation'? of the- earth, would do
well to "follow"
It is always wise to husband all one's
resources so as to provide properly for
our own, and also to have, that we
may bestow upon all worthy objects.
Perhaps the older civilizations have
learned wisdom by experience, know-
ing the length of time and labor re-
quired to gain an assured position
among the nations of the earth. It is
characteristic of new countries that the
people are indifferent to the value of
small economies. We can recall many
stories related in our hearing in child-
hood by the dashing Westerner, where-
in,. he spoke very contemptuously of
the picayunishness of the Yankees, and
once when about starting out on a trip
to "the East" we were laughingly told
we would-see some -things that would
"astonish the. natives," 'and that we
would be, much amused by their man-
ner,of clinging to a sixpence.
But, as .countries and individuals
grow older they realize more that, "a
penny saved is: a penny earned" and
so in our household economy, its care-
: ful husewife should make it a duty to
10 look. after. the' 'fragments of "basket
and store." .
Every particle .of food can be util-
:ied with care, so. that. nothing of use
in this direction need be lost, and by
judicious planning all these "left over"
bits be made to. serve a good purpose
in the .household economy. All rem-
nants of meat should be, cooked so as,
to form the basis of some other meal;
a little experience will enable the care-
-ful, housewife to, estimate quite cor-
rectly the amount needed' in her
family, when the items should- be
used. so as .to-. change the: form,, and
may really be made more savory than
-.' at the first. .. :
Where soup isa' standard article of
diet in the family, all the odds and.
ends can be used in forming stock;
'::'.; bits of meat can be 'hopped With
onion and mixed'-With'ciacker eruimbs,'
dipped'in egg and fried brown in the
shape of beef balls; this is a favorite,
method with s6me; '-all the fat should
be -tried& out' and strained for use

wherever shortning is needed, as
it is. more wholesome than the use
of much lard; great quantities of fat
'and of meat should be avoided in this
country, especially, as they have a
tendency to biliousness.
Bread crumbs can be dried and
saved for use in stuffing, griddle
:cakes, or pudding; as preferred.
Many times what are called side
dishes" are the most popular; these
with bread and meat are numerous.
There are so many aids and helps
to housekeeping in the shape of cook
books, and articles in all the women's
journals, that we scarcely need specify
particular- methods; our aim being
simply to call the attention of good
housewives to the duty, if not the ne-
cessity, of looking after the fragments,
which, without her care, would be a
total loss; no one expects servants to
be proficient in the arts of household
economy, unless long in the family,
having,been trained to it by-ourselves
or others.
We consider good cook books and
home journals a household necessity,
and may be ranked among the "sav-
ing" institutions of the family.
.. A friend propounds a query-Is it
expected that the woman of the house-
hold should practice rigid economy,
that the men and boys can have, to
spend in needless indulgence, such as
tobacco, and other things ?
Well, really my dear lady, that is
quite, an important question of social
ethics, which would require a page at
least merely to print it, we may say in
brief; two wrongs do not make one
right. If money spent in the manner
indicated, be a wicked waste, the
mothers and sisters should. practice
just as careful economy as if the male
members of the family were men after
-their own heart. But, exactjustice de-
mands that a sum equal to any and
all thus expended be placed in the
wife's hands for her personal use ,and
benefit, be it for finery or'the "mis-
*sionaries" but never expend it in
"'clothes for, the baby." There is a
distinction, and a difference. Do' you
see ?
An Open Letter to a Friend.
DEAR FRIEND-I have so often
'thought that I would like to give you
a description of our home.in Florida,
and am impelled to do so this morning
while the sun is shining, from a cloud-
less sky and. the. gentle breezes fan our
The winter at the North has been
unusually severe,'while *e can sit upon
'our piazza almost every day during'the
entire seasdh; We have spent seven
winters in this, place, and the longer'
we live here the-more we become'
attached to'the place' and 'the'people.

I think we may be able to judge by
this time whether a home can be made
attractive and pleasant in this climate
to Northern people.
My sister bought a home in this
place, hardly knowing at the time
what she was doing. She had spent
two winters in the South, and felt.
that the climate had benefitted her, as
she was suffering from catarrhal trou-
The high pine lands of this region
attracted her, and finding a small cot-
tage built and partially finished inside,
on a two and a half acre lot, with the
incumbrance of a ten acre grove of
seedling trees, situated diagonally
opposite, she decided to purchase.
She did not desire the grove, but the
owner would not divide the property.
She immediately began to plan to im-
prove and make a pleasant home for
the coming winters of. our lives.
The first winter it seemed quite like a
pioneer home of which I had often
read descriptions. There were no
trees. on the home lot, except a few
pines and about seventy stumps. A
man was employed to cut the pines
and to remove the stumps. Then
commenced the work of setting a few
trees and shrubs, rose bushes being
most prominent. A Bermuda grass plot
extends the width of the house on the
south side, flanked by lemon grass to
prevent its spreading into the rose
bushes which adorn the east and west
side of the plot. Oak trees encircle
the entire two and a half acres, while
magnolias and oaks are planted on
either side of the drive way to the
house, interspersed with a few
bayonets; a few orange trees, with
peach and palmetto, occupy the
west side of the lot. The cottage has
piazzas on the north, south and east
sides; on the west is 'a court, which
leads to the dining-room and kitchen,
which also has a north and south
piazza. We enter the front door of
the house, on the south side, through a
hall, which runs the length of the
house; a door opposite makes a good
circulation on a warm day. A door
at the'side leads into a small parlor,
which has a fire-place near the en-
trance; a large open space leads into
what we call the back parlor; a por-
tiere divides the two rooms, which cor-
responds to a folding door; the furni-
ture is simple, consisting of a few wil-
low and cane-seat chairs and two hair-
stuffed ones; tw.o rugs made from a
discarded Brussels carpet of good
quality, which had a bright border.
We cut away the faded and worn
parts and saved around the border.
This covered the floor to within a foot
of the base board. Some pretty Smyr-
na rugs are scattered, about, and all
looks fresh and pretty. .,A few pic-
tures adorn the walls, mostly from the
brush of my sister; curtains of imi-
tation Madras, tied back with
bright ribbons; a few brackets von-
taining ornaments, and a lambrequin
for the mantel, painted in Kensington,
brighten the rooms.; a light felt spread
with embroidery in the corner, covers
the table in the back parlor; some
choice books and a vase of beautiful I
roses, and geraniums, and- Rochester ,
lamp cover the table ; a library table ,
and book-case fill other places; a
smallf'table covered with a velvet scarf


C -, -, .
. -. *s --,


painted in Kensington stands near the
portiere, and a rose jar filled- with the
products of our garden; a swan vase
filled with the coral honeysuckle, and
a frame containing the picture of'a
dear friend, complete the description
of the main cottage. The dining
room and kitchen are built of novelty
siding, and are comfortable without
paint or oil for inside finish.
We sit with doors and. windows
open and listen to the songs. of the
mocking bird, and look out upon the
trees, which -are covered just now
with their fresh green, foliage,
while -we partake .of our,. simple
meals, or ply o.ur daily avocations,
'or hold converse with our 'absent
friends on paper, or give ourselves up
to the delight of a good book or mag-
azine, or receive neighborly calls, and
we come to the conclusion that a
home in Florida (at least in winter)'
can be made as charming and attract-
ive as any place on earth.
Hoping I have not wearied you
with the -description of a plain, home
in the Sunny South," I am, as ever,
truly your friend, MRS. S. C. B. .
Orange City, Fla., April 18, 1888.
To Mrs. Sarah Moffat, '0 W.47th- sfteet, New
York City.
BAKED EGGs,--Take a tin pie-plate,
put on it a tablespoonful of butter
and set it in the oven to melt. Take.
six eggs, break them one by one into a
cup, pour out in turn carefully,
sprinkle with salt, and 'pepper if
desired, put a tiny piece of butte oen
each egg and replace in :the oye,, .to
set four minutes in a quick oven is
about right for cooking.
onions, peel them arid' throw' into
boiling salt wat r, let them simmer-
ten minutes, remove them to acloth
to dry, and place them carefully into
glass jars. Boil vinegar with ginger
and whole pepper and when it is cold
pour it over the onions. '
RICE WAFFLEs.-Take rice left over
from yesterday's dinner;, about :a pint
is the right quantity; add four ounces
of butter and a pinch of salt, stir in a
pint and a half of flour, one quart of
milk and five eggs; beat the whites and
yolks separately; if the same fork:, or
spoon is used -beat the whites first, as
one drop of the yolk will prevent the
whites from frothing well; beat all to-
gether, and flavor if desired; bake quick "
in waffle irons, and send hot to the ta-
FRIED OYSTERS.-Beat the yolk of two
eggs thoroughly and season; then dip
in the oysters and then roll: there in
cracker crumbs; lay on a plate ten or
fifteen minutes; then dip,again in the
egg and fry in boiling lard. Serve im-
mediately. -
BOILED BASS.-Put in a' porcelain
kettle a- large quantity of water.y' Sew
the fish -up in a cloth, or bag. to, pre-
serve its shape. Put into the kettle
one-half cup of vinegar, a teaspoonful
of salt, a small onion, a black pepper,:
and a blade of mace. Heat slowly for
half an hour then boil about fifteen
minutes to the pound, quite fast. Un-
wrap your fish and pour over, it, a cup
of drawn butter with the juice, of half
A lemon stirred in. Garnish. with'..
slices of lemon.

.A- -
.. .- -



A. H. MANVILLE, Editor.

The last meeting of the American
Pomological Society was held in Bos-
ton, Mass., and not in California, as'
has been reported.
We heed a few copies of our edition
of the 2d inst. to complete our files.
Subscribers who do not preserve the
paper will confer a favor by mailing
the same to this office.
Colonel D. H. Elliott is correspond-
ing secretary of the Florida Horticul-
tural Society, not recording secretary,
as the types had it in the published
report of the proceedings.
The South Farmingham (Mass.)
Tribune goes- into ecstacies over the
pineapples, alligators and flowers and
other wonders exhibited in Webbs'
"Florida, on Wheels" which was side-
tracked in that place when last heard

-- The new sulphur solution and me-
chanical means of applying same,
announced by Mr. E. Bean, -the well
known orange packer and fruit grower,
Sin last week's DISPATCH, as. an effi-
Pient means of destroying rust on the
f truit as well as scale insect, should re-
ceive a thorough trial this summer. If
it will do what is claimed it will be of
very great benefit to our orange grow-
.-.In the days when, as "Peter Par-
ley".' has it:
"Bears and panthers roamed and growled
And Indians In the forest prowled,"
: the, lstockade -afforded nightly pro-
tection- against red men and wild
beasts. The 'pioneer days" are over
but the stockade remains, and it must
be confessed that for an age of re-
finement and civilization the "razor
back" and the "scrub" cow make a
remarkably good substitute for these
savage accessories.

The "Sub-Tropical" closed its first
season of fourteen weeks on the 23d
inst. As an exhibition it pleased the
sight-seers, as an advertisement it
made a good impression upon home
seekers and investors, as a co-opera-
tive effort it demonstrated to the peo
ple of the State the power of united
effort, as a financial venture it paid
all expenses and largely reduced its
indebtedness. A success ih every re-
spect, and it is probable that it will be
a greater success next winter.

Is there any more reason for calling
.the Pomelo "Grape Fruit" than there is
; in styling the Loquat and Kelsey "Ja-
pan Plums," or the Kaki "Japan Per-

simmon ?" Our horticulturists have some sections -why not let .those

started right in sanctioning the use of
these euphonious names, which are
easily fixed in the mind, for the com-
mon place and indefinite terms "Ja-
pan Plum" and "Japan Persimmon."
Why not extend the good work, as
Prof. Van.Deman suggests, and sub-
stitute.Pomelo for "Grape Fiuit?"
Local Option or Free Range.
We present this week three strong
articles on the fence question from as
many different standpoints.
Ex-Senator McMeekin, .who intro-
duced this subject some weeks since,
in a second communication maintains
that the present law is contrary to one
of the essential principles of civiliza-
tion, viz: a man's right to his prop-
Mr. Neck protests against the hog
nuisance. He says in many sections
these animals have ranged the woods
so long that they have become wild,
never fed or driven up by those who
claim them, and when wanted for their
"meat" are hunted like other wild
beasts, and shot down in their-tracks.
Yet they are protected by this burden-
some law. He thinks local option im-
practicable, because it cannot be en-
forced, and thinks the present law
should be modified so as to require
cultivators to fence against cattle only.
Mr. -Hendry admits that the existing
laws are not .the most desirable, but
thinks' they have served a good pur-
pose, and that the time has not yet
come when they shouldbe changed. He
believes a no-fence law would bear with
undue severity_ upon the poor, that'
while it would be an ad antage to
some sections,- fair, local elections
could not be held .because so many
would vote who are not interested'in
the matter one way or the other. He
is disposed to regard .the agitation of
this matter as a '"new comers" innova-
tion. In this we think he is in error.
In South Carolina and Georgia, where
there has been no recent influx of immi-
gration to render such a thing possible,
action has been taken in this matter
and the latter State has such a local op-
tion law as the fence reformers desire
for this State. Shall "Progressive Flor-
ida" remain behind these typically con-
servative States in enacting such laws
as will promote agriculture and encour-
age immigration?
Are there not more poor men in
this State that cultivate fenced lands
without cattle than keep cattle on the
As ex-Senator McMeekin says, the
color of the picture depends upon the
light in which we see it. We are bas-
ing our conclusions on suppositions.
All agree, however, that a differ-
ent. law would be a benefit to

sections try it through the pro-
visions of a local option law ? We do
not see the difficulty in enforcing such
a law. The ordinances of our incor-
porated cities and towns prohibiting
stock running at large are local option
stock laws, and they are enforced
without difficulty. We believe the
experiment of a no-fence law in one
of our counties under a general home
rule proviso would result so .satisfac-
torily that even the owners of small
"bunches" of cattle on the range,
now the most strenuous opposers iof
fence reform, would favor such modi-
fications as would, at least, prohibit
the running at large of swine.

Florida's Experimental Station.
In our issue of the i6th inst., refer-
ring to the Agricultural Experimental
Station -recently established, we sug-
gested that in order-to fulfill the e.vi-
dent purpose of the act of-the General
Government creating the Station, that
is promoting the development of our
rural industries, particularly farming
and fruit growing, by carrying on
practical experiments in the line, of
current thought and effort, it would
be necessary that branch stations
should-be established in the various
sections possessing peculiar climatic
and teluric conditions, and that such
stations might be secured .at a mini-
mum cost, as has been done in -Cali-
fornia, by farming out these establish-
ments, within certain limits and restric
tions, to .the highest bidder. The
Tobacco Plant, of Lake City, which has
always taken a lively interest; in the
Agricultural College and the Station,
reproduces the editorial referred to
with- the following comment: .
"We like this plan and have -no-
doubt it will be adopted. It is feasi-
ble, practical, economical, giving
largest results for least outlay, and
bidders will not be found wanting; in-
deed, we are authoritively informed
that several such bids are already in
the hands of the management here."
Equally important with the proper
distribution of the work of the Station,
is securing the active co-operation of
our leading agriculturists and horticul-
turists. This can be done by convinc-
ing them at the outset that the Station
is to be separated from politics, and
that its work will be of real practical
benefit to the State. In this way the
resources as well as the influence of
the Station will be vastly increased.
For instance : the co-operation of the
nurserymen of the State-would be inval-
uable to the Station in the field of hor-
ticulture. They are an intelligent,
progressive body of men, organized
forf effectual work; they have made
extensive importations and experiments
on their own account, which it would
be foolish for the Station to duplicate.


What they have already accomplished
can be sjystematized and given the
official stamp of authority, and further
work in this line begun at the point
they have attained and carried on with
their co-operation.-;
One of the largest trade collections
of plants from all parts of the world
has been accumulated simply .by ex-
changing specimens, seeds, etc. !A
Governmental institution;, properly
managed.- would have much'better op- .
portunities, and, with the help of prac-'
tical men in the various rural pursuits
.of the State, the purchasing value of
the funds at the command of the -Di-
rector would be greatly extended.
In urging, in the editorial above re-
ferred to, that the work be permanent-
ly placed in the hands of practical
men, we did not mean to imply-that it
had not been temporarily placed ini
proper hands, as we' were then igno-
rant of' the appointment of Dr. Kost,
whom, we are informed, has been -etn-
gaged in work of this kind for many
years.! ,
Every intelligent soil-tiller shobiulf
be interested in seeing our station start
right, and we shall be glad to receive
suggestions, hints and opinions from
readers; and have no doubt they will
receive- the consideration they merit
from' those having this matter in

We publish 'elsewhere a call for a
State Immigration Convention. Since
the adjournment of the last cohnen- -w-
tion (August 30, 1887) considerable
systematic and well directed effort has
been made by the State Immigration
Association then organized, to dissem-
inate reliable information about the
State, and to render every possible as-
sistance to those coming here to set-
tle. The growing desire of many to
escape the blizzards of the North, the
delightful weather of our past winter,
the revulsion of feeling concerning
our Pacific competitor, and the influ-
ence of the Sub-Tropical as an adver-
tisement for the State, have combined
to turn the attention of the country to-
wards Florida. It is of the greatest
importance that the work of the Immi-
gration Association be continued with
increased facilities during the sum-
mer, and to this end a large attend-
ance is desired at the coming -con-
An Interesting Subject.
A.New York correspondent- would
like to "have an expression from the
Fruit Growers of Florida, giving their
experience and observations in 'regard
to fertilizing bearing orange and lemon
ttrees during the summer months,
what effect will it have on the growing
crop? Will it cause the fruit to split.


SrAPRIL 30,1888._.

APRIL 30, 1888.]


For the Florida Dispatcb.
The Royal Palms of Cape Romano.
The lash of breakers on the snow-white
A dark and turgid flood, but shimmering
A blaze of sunshine rays of quivering heit,
Save where the cooling sea-breeze f oin the
Mexic tnUlf,
Bendsthe plumed summit of pa'm-tto tree,
Or calls obeisance from the slender st8 ms
Of nymph-like Thrinax trees, waose fr.,nds
Have bent submissive to the storms of
And save whenswift-winged, tein est -io'llng
Skim lightly Northward from the Spanish
And, darkening, thickening as the Sun de-
Foretell approaching storm. The breakers
In angryier mood upon Ihe close-packed
And then retreat, along their purling edge
A rippling wind-row glittering bright with
The glossy "Panama;" rich-tinted Strombus,
With brown and chocolate and salmon hues
That rival shades of *liental pearl,
From Ceylon's Tropic seas; frail pectens,
With bars of creamy richness, honeycomed
With pink; perchance a rre vohua, blotched
With spiral spots of brown; and many more.
Now.urther yet each breaking crested wave
Encroaches on the white and shell-strewn
And darker yet the swiftly-skimming clouds
Retreat, and more advance, until they roll
In sombre messes from the troubled South.
Vast stretches, weird and lonely wastes
Of mangrove trees; from Everglade to Gulf;
From Lostman's River to far Cape Itoman;
From Mleco to Shark River's ghostly shades,
Where, gaunt and craggy, outlined on the
The mangroves tower to a dizzy height,
Unmatched upon the earth.
The sea-gulls skim along Pavilion key;
The frigate-bird against the windy sky,
Anon concealed -by masses of the vapory
In circles floats in o'er the lonely land-

an increased price for the leaf fat and
to prevent a depreciation in price of
the compound sold for pure lard. A
knowledge abroad of the ingredielrts
of this compound has .already greatly
depreciated our exports, last year to
the extent of thirty millions of pounds,
and if the practice is continued will
nearly iuin the hog industry. This
business is confined to less than a doz-
en large concerns, and the question to
be determined by the agriculturists of
America is, are they to be allowed to
prosecute this work of enriching them-
selves and of ruining every body else.
-Coleman's Rural World.

"Spja Bean" alias "Japan Pea."
"The so-called 'Soja Bean,' or 'Ja-
pan Pea," was received fiom abroad,
cultivated to some extent by an Ar-
kansas planter, before the late war,
and sent by him into Georgia and the
adjoining States, and generally pro-
nounced of little value,. as compared
with our old-time cow-peas."
So says an experienced' correspon-
dent, in a late letter; but we still ad-
vise a moderate trial of the new (?)
legume in Florida.
The Banyan Tree-False Metaphor,

And otits above the unknown Everglades It goes without saying, that the late -I -. 5
. a -*. without saying, that te late test the matter by potting a good root,
ar inland from the stormy wave-washed N. P. Willis was an unusually bright keep it growing vigorously this sum-
Amid a tackles labyrinthine waste man, generally well-informed; and no mer and next winter, and then see what
Of mangrove evergreen,- of Islands, water one will question the depth, profund- the result would be.
Wherene'er the face of white man penetrates; ity and variedknowledge of the "Sage W.C. STEELE.
A maze of silent waters, slimy ooze of
Upgrown with illion-stilted mangrove trees of Concord," Ralph Waldo Emerson. Switzerland, Fla April 23, 1888.
Whose nall-hung stems encroach each day Arid yet, in reading Willis the other P. S. I will be glad to furnish roots
and hour
Upon .he murky tide ihat glides between day, I happened- on this passage, in of this grass to any one wishing to test
Thedreary shades oresodation evergreen- an editorial notice of one of Emerson's the matter.
An oasis of beauty, mat less, grand,
And unsurpassed in beauty on-the earth- lectures: -
The Palmsof Cape Roman! "After some very bold and fearless Call for a State Immigration' Con-
Yea. "Glory ot he mountains," verily!- comment on th'seRking that predicts vention.
And glory ol ihenobtrales m sof girfe' the speedy downfall; of England, he WHEREAS, The following resolution
That God has- placed for man upon our compared her to the Banyan tree, was adopted by the Immigration Con-
I .sphere! -- --
The kingly oreodoxa, Royal am. which, it will be remembered, sends vention, which -met at the city of
enn prems, mas ic tgleoakrines, up shoots from its roots that become, Jacksonville on the third day of
-Whiose massive limbs arc wreatheA with themselves, huge trunks of parent veg- August, A. D. 1887, viz: -
ipanlh moss
-And- garlanded with- air-plants, orchids etation. 'She has planted herself on "Resolved, That when the conven-
qu iant ued Tllandsla that little island,' he said, 'like the tion meet again it be at the call of the
And brilllant-hued Tillandslas; climbing
ferns, r in. banyan tree,, and her roots have spread president on the advice of the execu-
Whelace-like fronds are intertwined and ,nJer the sea, and come up on far away tive committee, when, in their judg-
By glossy greens of smilax leaves and all 'oninints- and in every quarter of the ment, the cause of immigration shall
"1 he strange halle vI a Iroplc wo r la-I
A sehat of rpoll-hid re'y, irrli IellTed tone-. world, flowering with her language and demand ir, and that the county com-
That Owers upe anlot, n' ll'reaklting througn" laws, -and forever perpetuating her, missioners of each county be author-
The giant trt-es below, still rei, lp
Toalmost pierce the s'cuddingcjo.ud above, though the first trunk dismember and ized to appoint three additional dele-
And bee. in transeendeulal beauv,, pread- "--. Graphs, 4 gates to the future conventions;" and
Its back-green plumed fronds inarch and perish.' rry Grap page te to the future conventions" and
curve t r edition of 1853. H C \ RHEr: A, The executive committee
In r6ulpiuredu l temples oan rlAtieoe iroisi, Now, Emerson's .metaphor is all bf the Florida Immigration Association
In drandthere lbe trpnd n royalamaon earth, right so far as the wonderful spread of has advised that in their judgment the
Unmoved by enipests trbugh b-te lapse of. -England's influence,power and domin- cause of immigration demands that the
LikesentinelsofGodtoguard theearth-! ion is concerned; but woefully "out" convention be called to meet at the
0, beautiful, thrice bea'ittiul, the Royal inl using for illustration the Banyan city of Jacksonville aforesaid on the.
tree, which (we need scarcely remind i5th day of May, A. D. 1888.
How like the hope that springsaup in the- your readers) propagates itself not Now, therefore, in pursuance of said
I. earth in
Divine-appo'nted-when all eise is naught by -an underground rhizome, or sub- resolution and the advice of the said
Bat dreary throbs or sorrow and of pain-b
The Paims, the Royal Paimms, o ape Rcman: terranean root, but by aerial rootlets, executive committee, I, Robert W.
I P. Which spring from the branches often Davis, as the president of said conven-
A t many feet above the earth, -grow down tion, do hereby call said convention
Adulterating Lard. to the earlh, there take root, and in to meet at the Opera House, in the
The investigation -now being made time form strong trunks, which in city of Jacksonville, on- Wednesday,
by the committee on -agriculture, at their turn, throw out horizontal the i5th day of May next, at .the hour
Washington develops the fact that branches and go on-- extending the of 12 o'clock of that day. .
the manufacturers of lard -use the leaf tree by throwing down air-roots, as In addition to the members of the
lard almost entirely for making imita- before. These air-roots are a singular former convention, the county com-
tion butter, and that the lard .of com- sight,. often forming a pendant, sway- missioners of the several counties are
merce to-day is made of the other fat ing mass of fibres a foot or more in authorized and requested to ap-
of the hog combined -with stearinie diameter. When they reach and rest point three additional delegates.
- (beef fat) and cotton seed oil.;: It is upon the ground, they take-root, and Branch associations -willt be en-
not denied that this is done to secure drawing nourishment from the soil, titled to representation. All asso-

proceed to form a strong trunk, great-
ly resembling, at- first, a cable of
withes, twisted together longitudinally.
Offering this explanation in the in-
terest of truth and science, and crav-
ing pardon from the illustrious shades
of our departed friends, I remain,
Very truly yours,
Fiscus CARICA.
I'NOTE -IN a notice of the recent Florida
Press excursion, lately printed in the Dri-
PATCH, allusion is made to a Banyan tree
(Fvicus Indica), now growing at the Bar-
racks, in Key West. The writer has seen
that tree, and believes it to be a genuine Ban.
yan, as above described.. F. C.
Maiden Cane.
It is very evident that Mr. Simpson
and Professor Curtiss are talking about
entirely different plants. It is only
another illustration of the uncertainty
of common names.
I have no doubt that the grass which
Mr. Simpson calls Panicumn Curtisii is
known in his neighborhood as "Maid-
en Cane."
The plant to which Professor Curtiss
refers is doubtless the one known in
this part of the State as "Maiden Cane"
or "cane grass." I have been watch-
ing it carefully for five summers, and
have never seen any signs of a flower
stalk. I think our seasons are not
long enough for it, that if the top could
be kept alive over winter it might pos-
sibly bloom the second season. I wish
-: a. yr-I,- I .onraan hi o. I 7r-,i A


citations organized to promote immi-
gration to Florida, municipal bodies,'
boards of trade, and land companies
in the State of Florida are invited to
send delegates.
Transportation companies in and
out of the State interested in the ob-:
jects .of the convention are specially
requested to appoint delegates to rep-
resent them. .
The executive officers of the State
government and members of the press
are invited to participate. It is hoped
that landowners and citizens of the
State generally will by their presence
give to the movement their encourage-
ment and support.
S R. W. DAvis,
President Florida .Immigration Con-
Palatka, Fla., April 16, 1888. .

Our System of Tax Assessment.
We'notice-a number of- our contem-
poraries are discussing the present
system of the assessment of taxes; and
are unanimous in their views as to the
urgent need of a more perfect and
thorough system. That there is a need
for a change in many ways, is appar-
ent to every one who has given this
matter any tho:'ught; thelarg'e number
of' erroneous and double assessments
in every counry should be by some
means eliminated from the assessment
books, the large amount of property
that escapes taxation every year'
should be brought in and made to
bear its proportion of the burden of
taxation. The.editor-of the Gulf View,
in a well written article upon this
subject, a short time ago made the
assertion that the burden of taxation
fell heavier upon the small property
holder than upon any other; this is
true, and is only a strong argument
to. support our position. The small
farmer that owns but a few head of
cattle returns every one; the large
stock-holder never does. We venture
the assertion that. 33 per cent. of the
cattle owned by the large .;tock-hold-
ers throughout The State escape tax-.
ation., :We can point to one instance
in this county,.where the owner of a
large stock sold one season neat catr
tle amounting in value to three-fifths
of the amount returned to the assessor.
In another instance, we are told that
a party returned for taxation a number
of cattle equal to the number of calves
marked by him the previous year. The
cattle men are by no means alone in
this matter. We have no idea that the
merchants throughout the State would
like to have their assessments, as re-
turned to. the tax. assessor, and their
statements to. the commercial agents.;
compared. It is human nature.to es-
cape 'these 'burdens, if possible,'and
until some- better system is. devised for
arriving at the values and amounts of
taxablee property the burden will con-
tinue to be heaviest on the small prop-
erty holder.-Bronson Times.
"The trust is an organized crime.
It is thievery with a system. The
people are its victims. Therefore the
people declare that the trust must go.
It must go at any cost. The going
may involve striped suits for some
who wear broadcloth now, but no mat-
ter." ,


[APRIL 30 1888.













tain tract of land; he has, under the in this law that they will wonder that especially in a large' corn field. I
OFrrespon Clence, laws of his country, bought and paid it couldhave been otherwise. have had .them break off the stalk to
for it, and under those same laws he F. M. MCMEECIN. get at the ear.
For the FLORIDA DISPATOK. has a warrantee deed, in which that McMeekin, Putnam Co., ,'la., April 16,1888. It would be well -for- those' who
FENCES. same government has promised to pro- *< legislate to take this fence question
tect him and defend him in the exclus- For the FLORIDA DISPATCH into serious consideration, for the well
A Heavy and Unjuet Tax Imposed ive use, his heirs and assigns of this THE HOG NUISANCE. 'being of the State and advancement of
on Landholders. particular tract of land. This is as it the value of lands, together with the
Our friend T. B. C., of Marianna, should be. But here comes a law and A General Law the Only Remedy. large amount of extra food supplies
has given us his views on the fence or says, if you wish to get the exclusive Local Option Unsatisfactory, that could be raised at less cost,i and
no fence question in the issue of the benefit of this tract of land that you There are certain evils that exist in with more certainty. There are sea-
f h t i have paid for, and which your State communities through ignorance and sons of the year from October to
DISPATCH of the 9th inst. has promised you the entire and ex- selfishness that it seems an impossibil- March when the hog in' the hammocks
Ben. Hill, of Georgia, when speak- clusive use of, you will have to build ity to eradicate. Such, for instance, finds a large amount of food. IFhave
ing before the Legislature'of that State, a costly fortification around the entire is the fence law of Florida. To meet no objection to their having liberty at
with reference to his candidacy to the tract, otherwise the hogs, horses, cat- the difficulty a local option law has that season; still it -would be better if
Senate of the United Statestle, sheep, goats, etc., belonging to been suggested. Experience with this the law covered the entire yeaf. How
Senate of the United States, recited others may feed on the land that you mode of controlling any evil shows many vegetable growers have griev-
story to illustrate' how men might be have bought and paid your money for. that it generates bad feeling and works ances ?'I presume.many. Which brings
sincere and honest and yet in error. Now, before you can get the exclusive unsatisfactorily. It is a well' known the largest returns to the State,, an arti-
I depend on memory. "In the king- use of this land that the State promises fact that a large proportion of people cle that is exported largely or one that
dom of a great King there was a won- you (that you shall be defended in the are biased by circumstances that f&e- cannot be; made to supply its -home
derful painting, and the subjects of exclusive use of), you must expend a quently work against their own inter-. demand?
that King were desirous that he should heavy amount of money to defend your est, and again a large number are Home rule'. or local option- are
hear of it; so many of them went to possessions from the depredations of easily dragged over to the side of palliatives. The carrying out of such
him to tell him of the wonderful paint- your "fellow-citizen's" animals-not either right or wrong, without regard laws' engender bad feelings, and'as a
ing. After reciting the wonders of wild animals. If they were wild you to the cause, good or bad. A fence general thing amount to nothing. I
the picture the question would be might have the pleasure and profit of law must be a State law or county would suggest a selection ofcatpable
asked: "What color is the picture?" killing them. But no, you must not troubles would arise. men from each county to collect to-
One said it is blue, another said it is hurt these animals of your neighbors, Few persons consider the great ex- gether ,statistics (if necessary) relat-
green, and so on throughout the whole they are a privileged class, to run on pense attending keeping up a fence.; ing to fences, 'and have the laws passed
list of colors. In this condition of anyone's land, to destroy what they and for what? Not cattle, these ar.e. for the benefit of the. Sate at large.
uncertainty the King sent one of his find that they will eat, and there is no our least trouble; a barb; wire fence, How can a county law stand good or
'wisest counselors and requested him redress. or any fence cattle cannot jump, is give satisfaction, when the tresspass
tp review the picture and reportto him If.you wish to have the -exclusive comparatively inexpensive, but a' hog can be from one to another? .\\'here is
the true color of the celebrated paint- use and benefit of the land that be- fence is another matter. Florida to' the line to be drawn,? Again: vested
ing. The. counselor after mature de- longs to you you must build a great day has at least i,ooo, 0oo acres under rights with a- large class of people
liberation and consideration and an barrier around so much land as you fence costing $4 per acre; smallfiels whose interests are identified with
examination of the picture from many wish to cultivate and be careful to cost $5 per acre to enclose; it is sa(e their own well-being to the detriment
standpoints, said that the color de- have no defect in the fence, or other- to say there must be $3,00o0,0o00 and of the advancement of a Qoefty,
ended on the standpoint from wise you will lose heavily by stock, over invested in fences that must be should not be considered. With -such
which it was viewed. That the painter notwithstanding your fence. Men annually repaired. people the-mind is gauged according
n his great skill had made it blue, red, should be allowed to raise stock, but Two-thirds of this expense in cash to circumstances.
orange green, etc., as' the inspector each one shotlld be required to take and labor would be saved were a hog S. SANDERS I'ECk.
happened to stand in relation to the care of his own stock. Why should law passed, either entirely prohibiting Ocai, Fla April 18, s. 8.
painting That to stand in one posi- the State furnish pasturage for stock their running at large, or even a lai, or the TPC,"iba s D oATC.
ion the painting would be blue, to more than other property for citizens, requiring all owners to keep hogs shut FREE RANGE BEST.
stand in a different position the paint- and if the State feels- it to be its 'duty up from March, st to October' st. is
ng would be orange, and so on until to furnish pasturage free for stock, Let's consider thYWg and his value to The Time for a No-FenoeLaw and
he colors would all be passed through. then in the name of all that is reasona- the State; the part he plhys towards Thorough Bred Stbok not
WVhen the truth was reported to the ble let it be careful not to allow stock the amount of pork consumed is very yet Come.
King he was satisfied that his 'subjects to be turned on; private lands. If the small. The total amount of hogs, Some time last year I read an aiti-
were honest, but in error, that while State must furnish the pasturage then large and small, does not exceed 300,- cle, over the signature of Mr. B. F
hey recited the truth they did not re- let the' State, fence the public lands, coo; the cost of every head, through Livingston, of Wa'ld,' on fle no-fence
ite the whole'truth, not from an evil and let such be for public pasturage. the necessity of close fences and: 'the Livigston, of W Ido, on the o-ne.
aotive, but simply because their inves- Most certainly it must be a wrong for destruction they cause, cannot be less question, which I endorsed form begn-
igation was not thorough .enough." the State to force one citizen to fur- than six dollars, and this falls upon ing to end and felt like I wanted to
And so it is with many questions. that nish pasture for the stock -of an- others than the owner, who generally give him-my right hand in a good old
ome up before all or decision. It looks other,, and yet it does do that very has a claim in the woods that he fashioned "how-d'e-do."
different from different standpoints and thing when it decress that every citi- whoops up now and then. 'In the DISPATCH of March 26th, I
t behooves us to-look at the question zen in the State outside of incorporat- In my own case, I have over two read one from Mr. McMeekin, of
r.pm many standpoints before decid- ed towns shall have the privilege of miles of fence that has to be watched Putman Co., who advocated the op-
ng its true color or the truth in the turning his stock out on the public to and kept in condition to prevent what posite side, but the ring .and tone, of
natter. roam and destroy as it sees fit. I term wild hogs from getting in. his letter all through showed such a
We must look at this fence question Some people say if stock is not They are wild, how can they be other- spirit of fairness until I could, give
closely and broadly. There is no pos- turned out on the public what is to wise when it is known they roam miles him a pretty fair shake 'too. But on
essioni that should be better guarded become of the poor people. I should from their owner who, every few page 252 of the same date appear sev-
rid protected than land. The sound- like to ask' what. is to become of the months, spends days in trying to find eral paragraphs to which I'take excep-
ess and security of this possession is poor cultivator if the stock is turned them. There are many others in this. tion. One Of them runs as follows-
ie foundation of domestic, happiness; out on the public? It is hard enough State who suffer from this nuisance. "Save corporate towns and naviga-
is the foundation 'of national great- for him to live by cultivating the earth Thousands of acres would be brought ble waters, every foot of the vast area
ess. No nation: can be great which when the laws are favorable, but under cultivation was there any se- known as Florida, by legislative 'enact-
oes not inculcate and enforce the sa- when he is taxed to keep up costly curity that the potato patch or peanut ment is, and has.been since; 1823, set
redness of individual rights in land. fences that stockmen may have the field would not be under the bane of a apart for the exclusive use and posses-
[ere is the stronghold of prosperity, unreasonable and unjust privilege of hog's nose. sion of the 'scrub' cow and 'razor
f stability, of greatness in any and all turning their stock out on the common, That 'the roaming hog affords food back' hog. Any manl who invades
nations. It is not safe to trifle with his hardships are greatly aggravated, for a class who are not their:owners, this territory for any'other purpose
is great principle. A citizen's rights T. B. C. seems to be willing to sub- is well known. Not only the cost off than raising of the same takes him-
his land should be very extensive, mit the question to the test of local the hogs but the destruction they self and his interests into 'his own
nd should not be too freely given to option, and this appears to- be the true cause is beyond calculation. As to hands, and' becomes 'an outlaw.
he public. way out of the difficulty, and when cattle, if they get into one's place you Hadn't :we better move on into. the
Let us look at some of the wrongs the day comes that laws will stand can see them and their doings, with nineteenth century ?"
posed by the law in question that that every man must be responsible the hog it is a different matter. On 'a The modern usages of 'Icivilization"
ust be apparent to any one who will for the damages done by his stock, large plantation they may be in some (of which of late years we have heard
ke time to examine. A owns a cer- people will see the justice so strongly days before one is aware of it, and so much) decrees that if 40 well-to-do
e e .




men can do better by killing out 50
poor-to-do ones they must be killed,
and if we are to determine from the
'ministakable handwriting on the wall
this is the code to be used in Florida.
We are not at all' mistaken when we
reach this conclusion, for we have
weighed well the -the many articles
written on Florida, as in-most cases
the writers cannot close without tak-
tig the Florida Cracker and giving
him a sound pounding, and the poor
"fool Cracker" yields obsequiously to
the inevitable for no other cause but
for the sake of peace.
Why this feeling of hostility should
have gained such a hold on the minds
of' nieei is beyond my power to com-
They have only availed themselves
of the privileges they had, such as they
-were justly entitled to, such as the uni-
vershl law of the world from tliedays
ef Abraham and L6t inrthe lafid of Ca-
fiaan'-to the pre-eht tinie awarded them;
like all o6tlhr inern the wold over, pur-
suing an avocation which proirised the
best returns for labor bestowed arid
capital' invested. No sensible man
would have atrem pted' raising thdorOugh-
breds on a wild range, where the most
money lay in the scrubs.
'Wee6uld, if we wanted to, poitit to
several instances where the Soloris of
thoroughbreds 4et about :to: shoW the
Crackers how to do, anid instead pf
teaching t-hem what to do, they soon-
showed them what not to' do, and soon
- learned an'important lesson themselves
f what not to repeat, simply because
they went about it before they were
ready and irr a wrong way.
No set of men would sooner wel-
come the day for a different mode and
better -stock than the Crackers. The
present breed' of cattle and hogs were
: -':better suited~ to a wild range, and
adapted' to- our mkode of management;
an'd it was simply a matter of choice,
supported' by the best returns for the
least outlay, that caused the Florida
Crackers to continue the present kind.
They'were fully apprised of bhe exist-
ence of better cattle and bogs in the
Wesi, but not better for the wild ranges
of Florida.
Many. writers on, Florida have assert-
ed; and' reasserted', that the cattle men
here were opposed to immigration.
There never was as:more unmitigated
untuth ultered or',penned' by living
man, I have-at right to know, and do
know,.that they welcome it with a warm
heart notwithstanding many they.have
welcomediare their envious and. mali-
cious enemies; but they want immigra-
tion sufficient, to justify the introduc-
tiorn of improved stockwhen l proper
time shall arrive, but that time is n6t
now. -
--:,;Noi one will ,dispute, but,. that at
presentent there are.-localities:in -Florida'
where a greater number of people would
be benefitted by a no-fence law than
would be injured, but it would be dif-
ficult .to, fairly settle the question at
the ballot-box if the franchise priv-
ileges were given the. hundreds of
worthless negroes and white men who
skiulk around towns, who never
worked and never will own a cow or
hog,.. The election would result in fa-
vor'of. the party that could tell the
Smostlies and furnish the most whisky.
O'n6e of the leading objections to

the law in question is that the hard-
ships would fall heavier on the poor
class. Large stock owners are able
to buy land .on which to pasture,
but it is different with the poor
man, with forty or fifty head, with
only forty acres ,of land, on which
he can .hardly support his'family, after
getting the benefits of the manure dur-
ing the. penning season, table beef and
some milk and butter. It is needless
to argue the loss of time in hunttng
those cattle, and many other flimsy
points we have heard advanced. You
may argue every weighty point, but
you can't make it otherwise than that
the poor man, with his house full of
hungry young ones, is the onie that suf-
fers most..
The poor ye have always with you,
anid let therm be crackers, negroes, or
what else, the eternal God is the au-
thor of their existence, and it behooves
us to be careful as to the disposition
we make 6f them.
- That immutable law, applicable in
every country on earth and to all classes
of individuals, is one that the usages,
customs, and laws of-men can never
change-" As ye would that others
should do tmto you, do ye even so
unto ,them." This being- done you
maybee sure that you are right. Noth-
ing short of this will do from a moral
standpoint.. ':' Gio. W. HENDRY.
, FortMeade, Fla.- -
There are over; 5,5o0,000 acres of
high, fertile land in Dade county, suit-
able to settle upon, and adapted to all
kinds of tropical fruits',' a great many
of which are growing and bearing
now, such as the mango, maumee ap-
ple, cocoanut, date palm, pineapple,
banana, plantain, sapodilla, tamfruit,
coffee, tea, lemon, orange and veget-
ables.-Palatka News.
When a man can raise nine hundred
quarts of strawberries on one .acre of
land and realize $325 net on them,
the old cry of ''You can't make
a living in Florida is exploded. Mr.
Gollow'ay has done this this season,
arid his crop is just now getting fairly
staredd. It is safe to say that he will
realize $600 clear on this one acre.
.Can any other acre in the State beat
it ?--Cracker.
\V. E. Hudson, of Orlando, recent-
ly shipped twenty-two barrels of: Irish
potatoes to New York that netted him
the round sum of $12 per barrel. He
will soon make another shipment to
the same.place.
Mi.r. Hampton, who lives a few'
miles east of town, has sold $56 worth
of strawberries from one-sixteenth of
ani- acre, and is no.t through picking
yet. Over $876 an acre. -Kissimmee
An immense number of blooms and
'buds ate noticeable on the guava trees
around i 'Orlando, and this summer's
crop will doubtless be unprecedented-
INv Irge.
Geo, M. Hubbard, of Lake county,
has a bush *of' the- Luxembourg tea-
rose, one twig of which, five inches
long, contains thirty-fixe roses.
Oranges are now as big as marbles
and growing finely.--Oviedo Chroni-
The sweet magnolia is. in bloom in
the hammocks.


Annual Exhibition of the Home
Farm and Grove
One of the pleasantest features of
agricultural Florida is the local fairs.
They stimulate production of the sta-
ples ; they lead to the introduction ot
new industries, and they afford that
social intercourse so productive of har-
monious relations between different
sections of the State, and are thus pro-
moters of the general prosperity.
Clear Water is not a large town, and
is more noted for its ambition than for
its population. In case of the divis-
ion of Hillsborough county, it will as-
pire to be the capital of a new county,
and it certainly has a situation that is
'unsurpassed. Located on the Gulf of
Mexico, on the 28th parallel, it lacks
only deep water to make it a great port
of.entry; but lacking that, it still- has
all the water facilities that a quiet ru-
ral population or. the nomadic winter
crowd can desire. It has the s:alt-la-
den, health-giving breezes of the Gulf;'
it has a .peaceful bay, ahmply protected,
by outlying islands; it has fish for the
sportsman, and quiet hotels for all;'
churches for the Christian, and a pleas-
ant society for the social. Take it al-
together,_ a very nice place is Clear'
Water, and its ambition culminated'
last week in a very nice fair.' -
Some years ago, Clear Water erect-
ed a building, for its, fairs and other
public purposes, but an incendiary, as
is supposed, sent it away in smoke aid.
flame, arid since then Clear Water has
been put to-it for the requisite actoih-
modations. This year the school,
house was selected as the focus, but
the fair proper was held undbr -the'
trees,; where we 'found a remarkably'
,good exhibit of vegetables and forage
plants. Fruits were scarce,. for 'we'
have got to the extreme- end of. the'
season, and two boxes of oranges and
half a dozen plates were all that point-
ed to what has been, but is not. This
peninsula boasts, with justice, of pro-
ducing the best seedling orange in
Florida, and no one' ever 'saw
finer than were on exhibition here.
Ex-Governor Safflrd bought one box,
the .owner, Mrs.: Turner, to put her
own price on them.. The other box
found a ready purchaser at $5.
A vegetarian would have gone into
ecstacies over the display of his favorite
food here. As a lover of "sweets"
Ifrm my youth up, I would have
"frozen" to the potatoes had' the
weather been congenial.' They were
enormous, as were also the turnips,
the cabbage, the beets, the pairsniips:
and the- radishes, but, the latter
should fiever be exhibited of abnormal
size, for everyone knows they ate not
edible, and what we all aim at in this
country is something good to eat. The
exhibits of white potatoes were many
and excellent,' showing that this sec-
fion is. well adapted to that vegetable .
I cannot give the names of all the ex-
hibitors, for the committee adopted the
doubtfully wise plan-of giving numbers
instead of names to the exhibits. I
learned,, however, that Mr. Snedicor,


of Bay View, and Mr. Skinner, of
Dunedin, were among the largest
All the forage plants of modern in-
vention were. on hand, and promised
fairly, but there was nothing better
than our native crab grass, as several
bundles of very sweet hay testified.
The school-house ,was filled with the
usual variety of fancy: and orna-;
mental goods, cakes and cut: flow-
ers, occupying: the central position.
They were fully appreciated, but .we
carried away but one precious memory,
the use made of the natural cloth found
in the palmetto root. It was made up
into little-hats, pincushions "and other
articles of small value; but they point-
ed a moral, if the) did not adorn a
table. Nature did not make the palmet-
to to be simply a nuisance, and it is
not creditable to the genius of the coun-
try that its legitimate .purposes are as
vet undisco ered. For years we have
heard it talked about as excellently
adapted to paper, but we are yet pay-
ing fifty dollars an acre to clear land -
of this persistent root, and are burning
it to ashes, when; it really ought to be
Worth fifty dollars an acre to the man
who is, groaning over it. We have
read lately of some wonderful discov-
ery in which the palmetto is.to plav a
part,. but until it is made more appa-
rently useful than at present, we shall
remain in doubt. Nature has woven .
her cloth under ground, and a woman
has made a pin-cushion of it, and that, -
after the lapse of twenty-seven years
since the rediscovery of Florida, is all
that we actually know of the uses of
one of the greatest fibre plants in the
There were many pretty things in
the saloon, and some that were useful;
but my object in this article is not to
give a catalouge; but simply to say that
this Clear Water fair was creditable to
the place, and was another evidence
of the progressiveness of Florida.
Editor "Dispatch:"
Pursuant'to your request, I wrjte
you what I saw and neard at the Fair
of the Home Farm and Grove Society;
held at Clearwater Harbor to-day.
We arrived on the grounds a little
late, but in time to get in our exhibits.
The fair was held in the school house,
and' outside under the shade of the
oaks. Want of complete arrangements
beforehand made the.getting into
place of exhibits a tedious and loig
drawn out task. As usual, the labor
necessary devolved on a few and they
worked hard to get matters straight.
Everybody- was there. A-mong
the noted persons present were Gov.
A. P. K. Safford and family, of Tarpon
The exhibit was a good one in most
departments; the fruit was nearly
gone, but a fair show of oranges,
lemons, and grapefruit adorned the
tables, and of vegetables there were
quantities, and in variety-beans,
peas, cucumbers, egg plant;' kohl rabi,
cauliflower, cabbages, carrots, chufas,
peanuts, potatoes '(Irish and sweet), -
turnips; -rtitabag'as, beete,- onions;,
lettuce, 'tomatoes,.coin, oats; rice, pea
vine hay, crab grass hay,. maigel -..
.. % ::.: -'"


wuitzel, the melon pear in fruit' and
blossom, cassava, arrow, root, yams,
strawberries, sugar-cane, Indian pump-
kin, besides a large display in the
floral, table luxuries and ladies' handi-
work departments. It looked like a
land of plenty, and as if no one need
starve that could work.
The things that attracted most at-
tention were, in the fruit display, a
box of oranges exhibited by Mrs. Tur-
ner, bright and heavy; but that box
was in demand, but people found it
. was worth money. In farm and gar-
den products, the premium exhibits
were very fine. Sweet potatoes "took
the cake." A variety, "40 to the ioo,"
exhibited by Captain Johnson, were
very fine, and forty would weigh 1oo
pounds; some measured twenty-seven
inches around. They are a very "fine
eating potato." The exhibit in Irish
potatoes was also first-class, there be-
ing more improvement noted in this
line than in any other. This is the
second crop raised this year, the first
crop being planted in September and
the second in January. Three crops
a year can readily be grown on the
same land here. The pumpkin caught
.the eye of every one,- being as large
as the "Connecticut,"' grown at the
North. Ruta-bagas and beets were
also number one. Th* tomatoes, too,
attracted notice; but the melon pear,
being a novelty, attracted the notice of
every one; it was full of blossoms and
.fruit in different stages of growth. This
: may prove a valuable acquisition to
our sources of even ue. Its market
value has yet to be attained, but if itis
as good as a good nutmeg melon, I
think we could dispose of a generous
quantity at home.: The fruit is egg-
shaped, yellow in -color, and grows to
the size of a very large turkey egg. It
needs fertilizer and water.
A loaf of bread labeled,
"What man can do
When siern necesilay compels him to,"
took the first.premium on quality. It,
was perfect, and had to compete with
many competent cooks.
Florida butter was fine and plenti-
ful, and showed the growing attention
being paid to this indispensable neces-
Poultry, live, stock and ,agricultural
; iplements were well represented, but
leflt room for improvement.
Palmetto work, by Mrs. Hugh
Somer-ville, was a novelty and -an
earnest of what might be done. A
broorr'made of the leaves of the stem
of the cabbage palm was quite hand-
some. It would seem that- quite an
industry could be built up in this line.
The fish scale work was neat and
S pretty, and we think our Bay can af-
ford scales to adorn the world.
On the whole, the day was-a pleas-
-- and and profitable one. 'The mana-
gers are to be congratulated on the
success attained. Such occasions and
sights stimulate us to renewed efforts
to excell and show us what our neigh-
bors are doing. One could not-go
there and not bring away some useful
information. The introduction of new
varieties of vegetables and fruit, is
greatly facilitated by such occasions.
Long.may they continue to perform
that mission. L. B. SKINNER.
Clear Water Harbor, April 19, 18s8 .
S"- Whortleberries are ripening.

Items Gleaned from Our Exchanges
and Correspondence.
Peen-to peaches are ripening rap-
Watermelons are on the market in
South Florida.
The Herald says a big sheep farm
is to be started in Gadsden county.
By the first of May the Orange Belt
Railroad will be finished to St. Peters-
Editor Harris, of the Ocala Banner,
has netted $300 per acre from his cab-
bage patch.
An Orange Auction and Forwarding
Company is being started in Sanford
with $5,00ooo capital.
Baker county farmers say that the
young crops of corn, cotton, sugar-
cane, etc,, are looking finely.
Tamarinds, a sub-acid fruit, are of-
fered for sale at.-nearly every fruit
stand on Bay street.-News Herald.
Mr. H. L. Wheatley, the nursery-
man of Palm Springs, Orange county,
has added a seed department to his
The Germans of Putman county
will meet in Palatka next Thursday to
promote the immigration of their
Robert James, of Emporia, has real-
ized over $1oo this spring from one-
eighth of an acre of strawberries, and
he is still selling.
Major 0. P. Rooks, of Gardenia,
Lake county, exhibited ripe Peen-to
peaches before the Horticulture Socie-
ty, at Ocala, on the loth instant. -
The -Florida Irish potato crop this
season is exceptionally fine, and in
some sections will turn out two hun-
dred bushels to the acre. -Orlando
Eight dollars per. barrel for .Irish po-
tatoes, $2.50 per crate for tomatoes,
and $5. per crate for cukes, is what
makes the South Apopka people feel
Mr. D: H. Hart, of Adamsville,
Sumter county, has just netted $230 01
one-fourth of an acre in strawberries,
and there was $40 worth he has not
gathered. -Times-Union.
The "Gulf View" says a ship canal.
survey is in progress-from Cedar Key
to the St. Johns River near Palatka. It
-believes this -route will be finally I
adopted and says the company have
the capital and mean business.
The first peaches of the season were
brought into the Orlando Record office
on Saturday by Mr. Walter Wescott.
They were of .the Peen-to variety, and
very fine both in size and flavor. They
were plucked on April 13th.
W. H. H. Haldridge, of Grove Park,
Fla., says the cold-snap of January 20th
caught his iPeen-tos in bloom and cut
the crop, while Bidwell's Early, in the
same orchard, had not bloomed, and
therefore set a good crop..
W. J. Merrill, of Providence, R. I.,
is now representing the Mann Pre-
serving Process for Oranges. If we
mistake not the celebrated Hoggson
was from Providence, but his process
was not backed by a well known man.
A carload of strawberries, as an ex-

periment Lawtey sent to Chicago, al-
though nearly a week on the road,
arrived in prime condition, and sold
at from 35 to 40 cents a quart, at the
same time Louisiana berries were sel-
ling at 15 to 20 cents. .
Manager- Conant, of the Florida
Southern Railway, has asked the cattle
owners along the Bartow and Punta
Gorda branch of his road to fix their
own price for cattle killed. A mass
meeting will be held for this purpose
on the 19th proximo at Arcadia..
Bradford county may well be called
the strawberry county.' Lawtey shipped
last week about eight hundred bushels
of strawberries to Northern cities, and
Starke probably half as many. At
current prices these would bring back
to the county at least $8,400.-Tele-
"Where is my wandering pig to-
night?" Look in the pound or ask
the man with brass buttons, and he
will tell you what to do about it. Like
the Chinaman, the razor-back must
go- in fact has gone, and the "wicked
flea" went with him.-Lakeland
Cracker. -
There is a universal cry for rain, in
this community.- Strawberries, pota-
toes, etc., are suffering badly, says the
Stark Telegraph. The drought ex-
tends the whole length of the penin-
sula. The Fort Myers Press says:
Since the year 1876, water has ribt
been so scarce on the cattle range, as
-it is at the,pfesent time. :
The Leesburg Comm'rcial says:
"Captain Phares, of Yalaha, having
the curiosity to know. how many
bushels per' acre his Irish potatoes
were turning out, measured the
marketable crop of one-thirteenth of
an acre and ascertained that the yield
was at the rate of 250 bushels per acre.
At that time his potatoes were bring-
ing in the Northern markets $2.50 to
$5 per standard crate, $4 to $4.80 per
bushel. "
The cultivation of sugar cane on
the reclaimed lands around Tohope-
kaliga Lake has assumed proportions
far in excess of what is generally sup-
posed. There are in the neighbor-
-hood of 200oo acresnow in sugar cane,
which is expected to yield forty-
five tons of cane per acre, all of which
has been contracted for, by.the sugar
company at about $4.50 per ton,
amounting in the aggregate to $400,000
or equal to 1o,ooo bales of cotton.
At Waldo, Mr. -B. F. Livingston
writes: Fruit and vegetables are
looking well; orange crop a little light
but trees are vigorous. Peaches are
a go:.d crop, trees and fruitlooking fine-
ly. We % ill fully test the Kelsey plum
.this year,as I will have 'ioo trees fruit-
ing this" year. The Kaki is an estab-
lished industry, with prospective pay-
ing qualities. I think grapes will do
well this year; mine look fine.
-A correspondent writes: "Some of
the white Niagara- grape vines of
Haynes, Young & Bailey, of Orlando,
have borne a second crop of grapes;
the clusters are handsome. They have
a very attractive place, one'that shows
what good judgment and attentive cul-
tivation will do. They are securing
great success with grape and other
products, of which they have a large

[APRaIL 3ff1888.

variety. Their- example is very bene-
ficial to this section."
The Orlando Reporter: says: ('L.
W. Gray, who lives two miles south of
Orlando, is giving special attention to
bee-keeping. He keeps Italian stock,
and now has upwards of 10oo queen
rearing hives. He din ides his time be-
tween his bees and his orange grove,
and does not find that they. in any
manner interfere with each other. 1He :
has now on hand a quantity of orange
blossom honey, whichh for delicacy of
flavor and attractive appearance, can-
not be surpassed."
On Saturday last a handsome lot of
-lorida produce was shipped to W..S.
Webb for his rolling exposition, which
is now stationed at Springfield. Mass.
In writing his request for these sup-
plies, Mr. Webb said he had been kept
busy most of the time that day chop-
ping wood to keep himself and-car
warmed up. 'The shipment consisted
of pineapples, oranges, lemons, celery,
grape fruits, shaddocks, cirrons, pota-
toes, etc., fresh from the gardens and
groves of Orlando. Such an adver-
tisement will ,have a decided effect,
and will, no doubt, be more .convinc-
ing to some people than a whole cart-
load f,. good reading matter.---Re-
The Peen-to and Honey peach crop
will be short in this vicinity the pres-
enitseason. The failure of the usually
reliable Honey to put on much fruit
was doubtless caused by the dry
weather which prevailed during the
budding season. The native variety
of peach trees, we learn, will bear
their usual quota of fruit. Orange
trees, as a rule, have devoted their
energies, the present season, to en-
larging their proportions rather than
in, fruiting. If we are not .misin-
formed, this fact prevails in-the ad-
joining counties and possibly through-
out the State. In this event, the crop
will be considerably short of last year's
production.-Green Cove Spring.
:: The Georgia Southern and Florida
Railroad survey has been completed
to Palatka. The track will be laid to
Valdosta by the first of May, and the
Palatka "News" says the road will be
completed within four months. The
total length of the road from Macon to
Palatka is 285 miles. The surveyed
route runs directly through Jasper and
White Springs in Hamilton county,
near Lake City in Columbia county,
directly through Lake Butler, the
county seat of Bradford county; crosses
the Florida Railway and Navigation
track at Hampton, in Bradford county;
runs close to the east of Putnam Hall,
between Lakes Brooklyn and Geneva,
entering Putnam county in township
8, range 23, and strikes, the Florida
Southern track at switch near the Jack-
sonville. Tampa and Key West cross-
The second annual session of the
Stale Farmers' Alliance convened -at
Madison (Madison county) on the
i2th, r3th and i4th instant. Nine-
teen counties were represented, aggre-
gating three hundred sub-alliances
with an approximate membership of
six thousand in the State. Oswald
Wilson, of Jackson county, was elect-
ed president; A. P. Baskin, of Marion,
vice-president; and T. A. Hall, of Mad-

APRIL 80, 1888.1


ison, secretary. The Florida Farmers'
Alliance Exchange was organized with
a capital stock of $150, 000, which will
be incorporated at once. The direct-
ors are: Oswald Wilson, of Jackson; S.
B. Thomas, of Madison; W. K. Cess-
na, of Alachua; R..B. Stapleton,.of
Jackson; Thomas McLeod, of Colum-
bia;. Wm: Gomm, of Levy, and Joel
Massee, of Georgia. Fifteen thousand
dollars is reported as already sub-
scribed. The Exchange is to. be lo-
cated at Jacksonville if sufficient in-
ducemenhts are held out.
Dr. Henry Foster, of Lake Charm,
has an abiding-f.aith in muck as a fer-
tilizer. He has recently drained an
extensive~muck bed, and now has sev-
eral hundred cords of muck piled up
arid undergoing the curing process
preparatory to using it upon his grove.
He uses lime with it very freely, it be-
ing sprinkled upon the muck as the
heapais built up. One of the chief
needs of the sandy soil of Florida is'
vegetablehumus, and this bounteous
nature hAs supplied near at hand in
the numerous "bay heads" and.muck
beds. It. is strange that it is not more
freely used. If -the money now, an-
nually spent for commercial fertilizers
was spent in getting -out and compost-
ing .muck, and in the purchase of
shell lime and hard wood ashes to put
with it, far better and more lasting re-
sults would be secured.-Orlando
Of the preparations being made to
develop the rich- phosphate beds in
Peace River, the Arcadian says:,
"Captain T. S. ,Morehead, manager
of the Arcadia Phosphate Company,
is 'making things hum' with a force of
men -completing the railroad. to the
S river, building bridges and barges,
erecting -houses and sheds, and mak-
ing great preparations for converting
the rich phosphate into cash. Harris
Raulerson and his hands are putting
up dry kilns on the phosphate bar, and
several drying sheds, 300 feet in
length, will be built on the east side
of the river. The cars are expected
daily, and it is believed that everything
will be. ready to admit of mining in a
few weeks. The machinery for the
Arcadia Guanco Company is being
selected by Major McClure, who is
now in the North for that purpose.
The first shipments of raw phosphate
will be made to the Scott Manufactur-
ing Company, of Atlanta, Ga."

The Tobacco Syndicate.
The Quincy Herald says the syndi-
cate, instead of waiting for rain, have
determined 'to go ahead and water
their immense fields, -and extensive ar-
rangements have been made for this
A large force of hands have been at
work getting ready for setting out
plants. In this way the company will
take time by the forelock and many
thousands of plants will be set out as
a result.
The company has under considera-
tion one of the greatest schemes ever
thought of on any tobacco plantation
in this country, and that is preparing
plants at night to be set out the next
day. .The lights have already arri ved
for. this stupendous undertaking, and
itwill not be, long before our people

will have an opportunity of seeing
gangs of men working at night under
the glare of three dozen calcium lights.
The men will be divided into night
and day gangs, so those working at
night will be relieved the next morn-
ing and can sleep during the day.
By this scheme the company will be
putting in twelve working days a
week. Work being done on such a
scale clearly demonstrates that the
company is determined to make the
culture of tobacco in this country a
success, and their faith in this venture
is very evident by the enormous sums
of money that have been expending.
One of the nicest and cleanest
cleared farms to be seen anywhere in
this section of the country is that be-
ing worked by the Alsatians under
the charge of Mr. Goetz. This farm
is being cultivated in the same man-
ner as land in Sumatra, being raked
over very carefully, and the land is as
clear of roots and weeds as though it
was being laid out. for a garden for
some millionaire. The plants are also
set out and cultivated in the same
manner precisely as are those in Su-
matra, and under such careful garden-
ing a very fine crop of Sumatra tobac-
co must necessarily be the result.

The action of the railroad commis-
sion authorizing the increase of pas-
senger rates in the State to 4 and 4%
cents per mile on roads that have been
allowed to charge only from I3 to 4
cents during the past four months, and
the modifications made in the freight
tariff, is a recognition of the fact that
very low rates are impracticable in a
sparsely settled State like Florida.-
News-Herald. .

Vegetable Markets.
PHIL&DELPEHIA, April Q6. Pencoast
& Griffiths say: Cold weather this week
has had a chilling effect on our market
for new Southern produce, and with in-
creased supplies and rather poor quality
prices have a wide range. We quote:
Strawberries; 20c to 30c per quart; to-
matoes, $2.25 to $3 per crate, as to qual-
ity and ripe condition; beans, $2 to $3
per-crate, as to quality and condition;
cucumbers, $1 to $3, as to quality; egg
plants, $2 to $3 per crate; potatoes, $4 50
to $5i.50 per barrel; cabbage, $2.25 to $3
per barrel crate.
We advise freight shipments by all rail
for quickest time, better condition of goods
and better distribution of same through
the week. Let tomatoes befi'ly grown and
more nearly ripe for all-rail shipment
than when shipped in the hot hold of the
ocean steamer. The shipment of such
perishable produce as beans, cucumbers,
cabbage, etc., by steamer is too disas-
trous to be continued now, since we have
a daily all-rail fast through freight from
NEW YORK, April 25.-J. S. Parmes
says: The Savannah steamer to-day
brought 10,000 packages of vegetables;
also, 23,000 quarts of strawberries, prime
fruit, at 30c to 35o per quart; cabbage,
$2 to $3 per barrel for Florida; Savan-
nah, $2 to $2.75; beets, 50c to 75o per
crate' cucumbers, $2 to $3.50; beans,
round flat, 75c to $2; wax, $2.50 to $3;
squashes, 75c to $1; tomatoes, prime,
$1.75 to $2; Savannah peas, 75c to $1.25;
potatoes, prime, $5 to $6 per barrel; egg
plants, $4.50 to $6.
CHiCAGO, April, 24, 1888.
Bartett Bros. say: The weather is
still cool, and clear and bright, quite
favorable for sales and the transporta-
tion of goods.
There is a decided improvement in the
conditiodi of peas, but demoralization
ca0us3d'by the poor quality of the stock
offered during the last three weeks,

still continues and $1 to $1.25 per bushel
is as much as good stock will average,
while poor is unsaleable. :- .
Radishes from Cairo, Ill., take the
cream of the trade, packed in bushel
crates of 10 dozen each, bright and fresh
they crowd all other stock out of the
market. Mississippi stock is unsaleable.
New Beets from New Orleans are
quite dull at 50c. per dozen.
Asparagus is steady at $2 to $2.50 per
bushel box. The cool weather is hold-
ing back the supply, and prices remain
String Beans from New Orleans are
selling at $2.25 to $2.60 per box; and
Wax Beans at $3.50 to $4. Elorida
stock is neglected, not being so fresh as
New Orleans shipments. '
' New potatoes are plenty, but the quali-
ty is inferior, being too small to be ser-
viceable; $5 to $6 is the asking price,
but sales are very slow. We strongly
advise shippers to retain their small po-
tatoes at home until fully: grown, as they
cannot give satisfaction if marketed.
Cabbage has suffered a still further de-
cline, and the figures to-day are $3 to
$3.25 for Florida, and $4 for choice Louis-
iana stock, the superior freshness of the
latter accounting for the difference in
Pie plant is steady at $l to $1.25 per
fifty-pound crates.
Strawberries are selling at $4 to 5 per
crate of twenty-four quarts, and $2 to
$2.75 per crate of twenty-four pints. The
season is late, yet we received some ber-
ries from Gadsden, Tenn., to-day. ThAy
are the advance pickings. The main
crop of Tennessee promises to be light,
and we look for good paying prices.


co e s9a | o|"
0I' -- .

- us. : .--

Qo spus seqoui nu 0884S8



Consumption Surely Cured.
To the Edito,:--
Please inform you readers that I have
a positive remedy foi the above named
disease. By its timely use thousands of
hopeless cases have been permanently
cured. I shall be glad to send two bot-
tles of my remedy FREE jo any of yonr
readers who have consumption if they
will send me their Express and Postoffice
address. Respectfully,
T. A. SLocM, M. C.,
181 Pearl street, New York.

12i Send postal to Altamonte Nurseries,
Altamonte, Orange Co., Fla., for cata-
logue. See advertisement. *

Devon Cattle, Merino Sheep, for sale
by J. B. Jones, Herndon, Ga.



CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher.

A.-K. HAMMOND, Advertising Manager.

-Ti rms of u.bscrjptios.-Two Dollars
per year, In adviihee, post paid to any part of
the United Statesor Canada; to foreign coun-
tries comprised in Postal 'Union, Two Dollars
and Fifly cents.
Hales of tdverlisiug on application.
Address all communications, and make all
remittances payable to
J ck.scon III-, F'lorda. "

Energetic Representatives Wanted.
We want an energetic representative
in every neighborhood in Florida to push
the circulation of the FLORIDA DIS-
Young or old, of either sex, may be-
come profitably employed on a cash basis
in a legitimate business for themselves
and do a grand work for their neighbors
by putting the "DISPATCH" in their
hands. "
By comparison it will be seen that no
other journal approaches it in size or
character for the money. -
We shall be glad to hear from friends
of this journal who will act in this capac-
ity or who will send us the name of
others who may do so. For special
terms, address
Jacksonville, Fla
Or mislaid on or about. February 25th, a
Promisory Note for the sum of $1,000,
payable at the Bank of Jacksonville.
aid note being without date and amount
of interest riot specified. Signed by L.
S. Burrows and endorsed by Moses
L. Dolby. All persons are hereby
cautioned against negotiating for the
same. L.S. BURROWS,

: -. Ramie -
Roots for sale $12 per thousand, $1.5o
per hundred. Can be plantted-at any
time now. Apply to
Tallahassee, Fla.
S Wanted. -
Ten barrels sour orange seed.
Address H. L. Wheatleyv
Altamonte Nurseries, Palm Spring,s
Orange Co., Fla. ..
Ashes. -
Genuine Canada unleached hard-wood-
Ashes for sale by George E. Wilson,
Agent Bradley's Fertilizers, Jackson-
vile, Fla. :*
S75,000oo : -: --
Budded Orange Trees,: largely of the
Washington, Navel (Buds from River-
side, California), Mediterranean Sweet,
Maltese. Blood, Majorica, Magnum
Bonum, etc., etc. As trees must be-sold,
prices will be made low, especially on
large orders. Address, :
Manville, Fla.
The E. Moulle Florida Floral Perfumery
Will buy Orange Blossom Petals at
15 cents per pound delivered at No. 27,
West Bay street, Jacksonville,.Fla.

EMPORIA, FLA., March 22, 1888.
Field Force Pu,,p Co., Lochport, N Y.:
GENTLEMEN-We have the prospect of
the largest Orange crop ever known in
Florida. I used your Pump and Gearing
in spraying my trees last year. In 625
boxes of oranges I had only twenty-
boxes of rusty or dark fruit; think if I
had used the wash once more on my
trees should have had no rusty fruit
The more I use your pumps the better I
like them. Yours truly,
O. J. DiLLAu .;

For $3 Messrs. Levick & Levick, 1
State street, N. Y. City, offer to send ,
any address, their new map of the U. S.,
with the map of the World on the reverse
side. Size 43 x 65 inches. -



valrico Nurseries LEMON
PEoLIESLarge Stock, Coice Varieties,, Trte Naming, A-INONAS,
NUT TREES. Send for Catalogue. GRAES)A
LIES, Etc., Etc. [First class Incubator new) for Sale.] LAMPS, Etc., Etc.

Have the largest supply of PEACH and PLUM TREES of any nursery in Florida, be-
sides a large assortment of other trees ADAPTED TO FLORIDA AND THE GULF
STATES: such as Japan Persimmons, Apricots, Olives, Pears, Oranges, Figs, -Quinces,
Pecans, etc., etc. -
In addition to my large stock of fruit trees of standard varieties' for Florida I am now
prepared to take orders for budding SPECIAL VARIETIES OF PEACHES AND PLUMS
for delivery during the season of 883 and '89, either on Florida ,grown peach stock or on
Myrobolan Plum seedlings (the best plum stock for the Kelsey and other new Oriental,
plums.) .
Early correspondence solicited in relation to large orders of special varieties.
Illustrated catalogue and price list free on application.
St. L. 'AIBE, Glen St. Mlary. Fla.

Free on Application.
Roses and Green House Plants.
Address R. D. HOYT, Bay View, Hillsborough-Co., Fla.

Budded from tried and approved varieties, and on good healthy tocks.
rult Trees sultabie to Florida. Address,-
MyM Getfge1oWz-., '.a

One of the odeit in tne State, keep pace wlth the times. Our stock Is home-grown and
of the best. Our prices are a3 low'as the lowest. We have all the varieties suitable for the"
: trade, such as are advertised bother nurseries In the State. We.warrant entire satisfaction
Send your name for new catalogue and price list. -
SF. S. CONE, Proprietor,

o r1. e 3't al. Im.iortinl_ Co0.,
Offices 520 Front St., Rioms 77 to 82, San Francisco, Cal.,
SWhere ail. communications should be addressed.
CAMELLIAS P2EONIES, MAPLES, BAMBOOS., etc. Send for illustrated catalogue.

Well'tested and-eappro' ed varieties of the OR kNGE and LEMON and other Citrus Fruits.
an GAPE VINErS ida grown, of well known varieties, found tobe suited to the soil
ndfor climate of THAHR anaa.
Send for catalogue to 0. R. THACHER. Manager. .

San Mateo, Fla.
Kelsoy, Bota.n and Ogan Japanese Plums on native Plum Stocks
Kelseyiunne Hludson native Peach Stocks. Peen-to and Honey Peaches.
Le=Ooute and Kiefter Pears on.their own roots. Bartlett and other pears on
LeConte rooms a A large stock of Apples, Pears, Plums, Cherries, (uinces,
Alpricits and Nectarines. Address
S V WF T&-SI -,. .
Manager Huntsville Wholesale Nurseries, Huntsville, Alabama.

Orlando Nursery.

Specialties Bidwellis Improved Peaches.
For trees or buds direct all letters of inquiry to

Orlando, Fla.

Villa Franea Lemons. Washington Navels.
We have for fall and winter delivery a large and select stock of I ue above named varieties
one and two year old buds, thrifty and free from insects. Our Villa Franca bude wereob-
talned from-tiefnest grove )1 this celebrated variety in the 4State. and our Washington
Navel buds were imported by us. direct from California, and taken from the dra t tre.l s oud-
ded lb that variely in th -,lait. This groveissaid tobearheavllrand steadily Wehave
also all Ine standard varltler eKnown to Florida, also Peen-to and Honey peach trees, and
LeConie and Kelier Pears. All four treesare grown onihigh pine land, and'we iruarantee
that every tree shall havegoo roo, whichafter a s mostImprtant. Send for Cgtalogue.
GILLETT BKO'S, South Lake Wior, clarion Co; Floiua.

[APiRL so.30;8.


Growers of General Nursery .Stock.. Sent. for Catalogue.
Address A. E. CHAMPLIN, Manager, Oakland, Fla. "

Palm Springs, Orange Co., Fla., Feb. 1,1888."
A post-office having been established at the junction of the Florida Midland and Orange
Belt Railways, and within a short distance of my office and Nursery. All correspondence
should hereafter be addressed as below.
Alta mon te Nurseries, Palm Spring-. Orange Co., Fla.


Also a full line of Nursery Stock of the most choice varieties adapted to Florlla.
B H. Bliltlt. Proprietor, Bartow, Polk County, Fla.

The Lakeland Nursery Company offer to sell, for the next sLxty days, their entire Nur-
sery Stock at twenty per cent. leas ths n their Catalogue prices This Is a rare opportunity to
all persons wishing to purchase fruit trees and planas.Iropm the best assortment" now In
South Florida. All communicationsshould be addressed to. .
B. H. TISON, Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla.

Choice and Improved.- Varieties of- Tropical and Semi-Tropical
Trees, Plants, Bulbs and Flowers.
Special attention given to setting and. tending young groves, budding and pruning old.
ones planting Lawns and Flower Gardens. All work guaranteed. WWe are also aets
for ussey's Coulter Harrow and the old reliable brand of Geo. W. Baker's Flesh, Bloo4 aid
one Fertilizer. All Inquires promply answered. Send for Catalogue. Call on or address,
IUN AlW BK'S, Clear Water Harbor; Hllsboro' County,'Fla.

Lemons! Lemons! Genuine Navels.
ORDER NOW, before our stock of V'lla Fianca Lemons Is out. We havejust sald7A00
of this choicest of all Lemons for Fall delivery, but have some left. Our bearing Lemons
are loaded. We shall ship In July and August and publish results In the 'Dispat1jh." '
We have also a beautiful lot of bhe GENUINE Washington Navels' btdded fropn opeof
the ORIGINAL TREES we received from Washington 'l4ue years'since. Also most all
other varieties of Orange, Lemon and Lime.
The Double Imperial .avel and Ihe Atwood's Seedless Navel we now offer for he first time
to the Florida Orange Growers. We shaUl have for Pall and Winter, dellver.ya few hu'idlred
of each of these varieties KEDN Elf & CAREV, Winter Park,.Fla.

Have on hand and. for sale a large stock offine
Budded and Sweet Seedling Orange: Trees.
Stocks five and buds one, two and three years old. All the leading named varieties; well
grown and well rooted. Budded Peach and Nectarine Trees, Roseq,.etc. Send for
descriptive catalogue before giving your orders elsewhere.
L. W. LIPSE" & CO.. Clra., Ilarlon Co., Fla.

I can furnish genuine buds of the above variety fnd will warrant them to reach you In fine
condition. SATISFACTION GUARANTEELD. Sold la t season ,01:j. buds to one man and
many thousand In n.maller orders Sent over a rutndred thousand buds to Florida last sea-
son with perfect success to all concerned. Trees of this variety will find a ready market. I
wllgive a certificate witb each lot of buds. I send each party the numberof buds, day and
dale. so in selling your trees you can prove to Lne purchaser where the buds were obtained.
Thib will hii you in selling ,our trees I give exira good count. Send on your orders-at
once; whih will reeei e prompt attention. Price. e$A part nuutand. Large orders at eipelal
prices. Addess C. S. BURGESs, Rivershile. Cnl

Sixty thousand choice Orange, Lemon and Lime Trees for sale. Ten thousand fine Florida
grown Peach Trees, of the Honey and Peen-To varieties; also two new varieties, Hybrids of
Honey and Peen-To, named by us Chinese King andt _hinese Queeh. The Chinese K.ug
ripensin May. The Queen ripens three weeks later than Houey. Our evening bedring rage
will give you ripe fruit the year round. We have the genuine Washington Navel sent to u.
direct from Washligton. Big discount on large orders. ...
C. B. PELTON, Manager,
Lake "Hllen, FXord.

Offer this.season a fine collection of FRUIT TREES and ORNAMENTAL PLA 'TS.
Specialties: WHITE ADRIATIC FIGS, SAN PEDRO, finest table fig; POM EGRANATES,
JAPAN FRUITS, OLIVES, PERSIMMONS and also a fine assortment of PALMS, ROSES,
and OLEANDERS. Plants by mail a specialty,
Catalogue free to any address. A sample of the dried and cured Adriatic Fig. will be
forwarded to any one sending 10 cents In stamps, to pay for postage and-packing.
Address all letters to : F. ROED ING, Proprietor. Fresno. Cal.


with practical hints to beginners, Is worth sending for. It contains valuable information to,
all, with a list of all the- choicest varieties of the citrus family grown. Peaches,
Pears, Plums. Apricots, Persfimmons, Grapes and other fruit adapted- to .th
climate of FIrlda. Our stock is giown'oh high pine land, and Is one of the finest.and.larr
veryoe should haye our catirlogpe Freon,applcalon. Justendiyour.na tn fo l
.. .PIEBCE, lndlan$spring JLake County.-


APRIL 30, 1888.]


c:ctoge N urseries QDalVllflto destroy insects isaecee- G.W.BARNETT. J.IH.BARNETT.
.t cs e nr0erses SPRarYIN to aere perfect FI. ESTABLISHED 1866.
SPRAY AUI For full directions. .e AoN
E EASON OF 18 -,,,8and outfits for hand or'flho rsea oWer t e no AGENTS
All fruits, plants and vines, suited to the climate of Florida, including Oran es, Lemons ,' .re PU' i|i T1 t n
and allthe citrus fruits, as well as Peaches, Pears, Plums, Persimmons, Grape igs Pecans, o, Lookport, N. f T ES, orida Fit h ane.
Almonds Apricots,Olives, etc. Also many usefulandornamentalgrasses, Plants, Vines, etc. 5
Have a so for sale several valuable Improved places at great bargains. Catalogue free to NWILL BUY THE BESTTT TR .
any address. BARN ETT BROS.
A11tm2a .>te N1%-U1rs0er1ies. Fruits and Vegetables..
ORANGES, LEMONS. PEACHES. [ Suhatr PSro taret, C'ago
All the leading orange and lemon trees, including the "Everbearing" orange, Oranges m A O
every month in the year. Washington Naval oranges a specialty. Bidwell, Peen-to, Pallas A The BUY ERS' GUIDE i
and ioney, peach trees. Kelsef and other Japan plums, including that wonder ful new plum issued Marcah and Sept.,
the "Blood Puim of Satcuma," and the "Early Sweet Plum," Niagara,Empire State and lead- each ar
Ing varietiI of foreign grapes. The new fig "Foundling," Pears, ersimmons. Figs, Mulber- FOR THE MONEY. Send for Descriptive Circular, each of year.It i an enjoy
ries, Loquatls, Guavas, Nut trees, cte. Thenew Japanese seedless orange 'Unshlu," a coin- RICHMOND MACHINE WORKS, loe use infor-
Spleteline of ornamental trees, Including Grevilleas, Eucalyptus, Acacia, etc. Illustrated maton for all who pcurt .
catalogue Iree. Address, 11RICHMOND. ] IIANA. chase the luxuries or the
H. L. WHEATLEY, Palm Springs, Orange Co., Ela. necessities of life. We
-.. can clothe you and furnish you with
Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery. all the necessary and unnecessary
SFIRUITLAND N U R SE IR, IE V appliances to ride, walk, dance, sleep,
AUeto'A, GEOUr IA. P. J. BERCKIIANS, Proprietor. eat, fish, hunt, work, go to church ,
The stock of Fruit and Ornamental Ts speeialdi adapted to Florida is doubtless the or stay at home, and in various sizes,
.- most varied In the United Slates. Many valuable additions have lately been made to tihe styles and quantities. Just figure ot
lists of FrulLs sulLed to sub-tropil seclltions. In addition to the usual large variety of trults styles and quantities. Just figure out
we offer ll0,U0o Pee n- ro, Honey and Pallas Peach Trees; also, Kelsey's, Botan and what is required to do all these things
otherOrlental Plums, Orieon mIal Pears,Japa Persimmons, Grape Vinesirrw- COMFORTABLY, and you can make a fair
berry Plaunts etc. Our stocB of Roes,- Evergreens. Palms, Acacias, and flow- estimate of the value of the BUYERS'
Serng shrubs Includes everything of value for Sduthern gardens. A special Catalogue (No. 4) S'UIDE, which will be sent. upon
I. published for this branch of our establishment and will be mailed free to all applicants. .,eceipt of 10 cents to. pay postage,
W do nnot mplonv renti. Riand vonr nridrra drselot toIn and avoid beint imposed upnn. MONTGOMERY WARD & 00.
S OUTH. ^FLOR I DA CRO W N! 11114Michigan. Avenue, ChicagI.m.
Cilrus Fruis, Peaches In variety. Pears, Plums, Grapes, Figs, Persimmons, Nuts, Guavas, W ..
Loquals, Olives, Peppius, Bananas, Pomegranates, etc "How to Grow LeConte, Keiffer,
Kelseys, Bidwells, Peen-tos, Oranges, Lemons. AYartlett, and Oter Pears
Jnffa, Med. Sweet, Tardiff, Hlgley's Late, MIJorlca, WashingtonNavel, DuRo Mandarin, in the South." Free.
Tangefrlne, Homosass Mg. BUnanu Belair. Premium. Villara hac cily, Breeder of registered W. JENNIGS & CO.,
A. H. MANVILLE & CO., of regiserThomasrille, Ga
Lakeland. Polk county, Fla.-------
Nurseries of the Milwaukee Florida Orange Company, BERKSHIRE HOGS, NEW INENTION
Dunedin, Hillsborough County, Florida. RUN B
We make a specialty of the DISTINCTIV, varieties -of CITRU.S RIT TREES, Including
Double Imperial,Riveralde (buds personally seliect-d in Oalifornia by a member of our coin- Py VEAS
any) ad.Washigton Navels, Mallese Blood, Hart's Tardiff, Jaffa, Du Rol, Stark's Seed- BRONZE 1 U 1 Cords of Beaech have been-
essc, etc. In Lemons we have VIlla Franca, Sicily, Genoa,Belair Premium and Eureka. Oa Z. Hundreds have-sawed- a bynd aT r ly"
.AisoTthlt.llmes; Peaches, Pluns, White Adfatlc Figs etc., etc. Our stock is large, com- -ANDSe-- .watlvey7FarmceriadWoodOhopperwants. rst rderSm
plete, well rooted, thrifty and clean. Special ternims on large orders. Catalogue free on ap- -pr 1gf tu. tIr catlogue Fera.
pltcalton. AddreRs A. L. DUNCAN. Manager, Dunedin, Fla. AY S RY DI M.IE s0
Peen-to, Honey and Bidwell's Early peacHl trees. Kelsey, Botan Marianna and other A fine lot of 6kl It is now over aioty yearssince thi, mac-
plum trees. rape Vines and Blackberry Plants. c ns was ifered as a remedy for WORMS, a,d
From f tatt me st itreputation haostiodily increased
Re. NirSery at Your O vn Door. 1 A T T I G S ntilatthepredentduir isvnlrerealluacnorowl.-
S" P -1 S 7 edged throughout arr''i all parts or the world
* A specialty made of sending all kinds of trees and plants by mall, and safe arrival guar- to be the Sovereign Resnedy for WORMS.
anteed. Price Wlte, free to all. Address Suitable for Southern purchasers, as they
W. STEELE, n tyer, F. ire lighter and express is che iper.R iY11F U C E
+ All guarnntetod as represented, I.'
INTERRLACHEN N-URSERIES, ,ingle Rale by ExprI-ss. .,,ER.....E
Eustis, Lake County. Fla., To Ladies Only. DID Y rU EVER
.ffer.fo.sale.astocko budde orangetreesofaA Woman who suffered itany years froni t.v.. 'l CholoeEverbloem-
Offer for sale a stock of budded orange trees of all leading varieties, including the re le dlseaes and wa cur, d will hie glad t a I se for s l o0. 15 ,i"
SR I V E ( S I DE N A. V Ja L, let anv lady know the reme ly which h.,rm- d.r: sns Crar,.
Budded entirely from buds received this season from Riverside, Cal. Bidwell, Peen-to an, less. Any lAdy can tleatr shetsafL ampa L et r1.0. to r 1c.. C,,rt,,aa. '
SHoney Peacnes, Kelsey and ol her Japan Plums All home grown Best native and forelhn cheerfully answered Addrees s e 1.0o. e$ ve.rfs.el.oo. e
grapes, Including a larg, stock of Black Hamburg. White Adriatlic ant other figs. Petsirm- ll J ArNe. rfiabymEil. Fcr finelyalu,.rned
: mnni.pile. PrI. t11. I rAt ail arntll ,,,i (4 I-f NIIORTON. INltat. I MRS. JANE B. *UB'TER, aQ- lloauea.rhundred.tiod.erplJ m
SLke Maitland. Ora.ge Co. Fla n your irs Do order w &ct et
R O AL PAof plants dirloni. Addre..,
ROYAL PALM NURSERIES. 0.10 1B0sO18 Cortege Rose
Gaden. COLUMBUS.% oMO.

Citrus fruits In over an hundred varieties. Deciduous stock of all kinds. Tropical and
SemI-Ti.oplcal frils. Ornnmental and Scenic plants. .
Palnms i n, arlv a uundrod sorts, Including the New Palm, Psendo phoenix, Sargenr .
ll, Orh Ida. Ferns, Bamncoos, Aloes, Agaves and everything-adapted for Fluoi Idla. end ten
cenis Ior catalogue.
The Soutoernmost Florlst establishment in the United States'
HEASONEI BRH "S. lllainaile Flan.

ltu.uJ Orange and Lemon Iries tihreelo four years ola.one to three inches in diameter
qweel eb dlinessnu rand budded trees ofi-landrd varieties. Said by all who have scen
it to be the flne-t nursery to the State, for bedut y, thriftines-s and freedom from insects.
Prices vary hs lo cizt.aun age but Invarlably stlat16'uorv.
Wild and Improved land. Int lage andsmall bodies for s;le on advantamcous iermie.
Correspondence solicited. Addr, as
S. R. FRINK. H hilearille. Fla.


Ofera8sCnoloe FriuL and Vegetable Lands near transportation for investment or Cultivation.
Certain Marlikel for Farm Produce: Attractive Slte, for Homes; Railroad and Daily Mails.
Also Town Lotl at Ban Pabloand Atlantic Oilty on the Installment Plan If desired. Address
JAS. M. KREAm Ks, President. over Bank of Jacksouvlile. or W. B. GRANT. %upi.,
San Pablo, Florida.



Inauguratars 6f tle'Ve a system of shipping Strawberries from Florida (without ice)
- Reference: Our Ace't Sales and check Saturday, for every shipment closed out thatwkee.

S 1 Single Breecn Loaders, $3.75, .50 and
SDoubl , 10.75, 3.nd u ILE BROCK
U. wad. Fishing Tackle, PocketCutl C.
and General S ortt Goode. Send fo r 1t-!age Il H.
aeYore. 1 AL B.POZNO. t .r o MACHINERt?
63 & 65 WasmhiniLton Street, Chicago IL. DL E STO ES EPAR T B,

.n c "ilosirsted CaLolo.ue free.
I '' .l I H. BREWER& CO.,
I U F [ S 'G F 1
When I say cure I do not mean merely to stop them al .
foratimeandthen have them returnagain. Imeana Uudu-uui i -- TECUMSEH. MICK4
radicalcure. I have made the disease of FITS, EPIL- .
EPSY ur BALLING 'SICKNESS a ite-long study. I W.- _
Warrant my remedy to cure the worst case. Because .. N.DOBBINS &. BRO
thaers have failed iseno reason for not now receiving-a
lure. Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle
of my infallible remedy. Give Express and Post Office.
B.G ROOT, 1l. J., 183 Pearl ait. New York.


i- aun, Locksmiths, and Stencil Ou rtt -
logue with 44 W. Forsyth St., Op. St. Johns Hotel

GOULDS & AUSTIN, aunsm inm done In aIta brahes..
S" 167 p&169 LAKE ST. *ttingNAbEVOK.
OHIOAGO. ILLINOIS. Special rates Btencil Cutting, by mail.



HARlDWARE! wB oo ol Florida Homes Given Away.

GEO. L. M OV0 ONIHE, PURE COD LVER L The Land Deartment of the Florda Southern R'y willgive five acres, of land, on the
D P PHATCharlotte Harbor Division of the road, to any person of good character, on the. following
AND PH OSPrATLS"Of conditions:
(New Building at Old Stand.) etD IRO o f 1. The applicant must not be a resident of Polk County, south of Bartow or of DeSoto
40 & 42 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fh Count He must build a habitable house on the land.
3d. He must fence, clear, cultivate and make the land his home for one year.
Hardware, Cutlery, Stoves and Tinware The truly wonderful effect produced by Dr. rhe land will be selected hy the Commissionwr of Landsi .nd Immnim nation. and. the lum-
Housefurnishing Goods, Granite and Alexander B. Wilbor's Compound of Pure ber to build the house hauled free of expenseto the -elier f'iom any point on tne Charlotte
Cod-Liver Oil and Phosphates renders it be- Harbor Division of the Fla. Sou hern tR'y.
Agate Ware, Sash, Doors, Blinds, yond doubt the most perfect preparation of Provided the above conditions are fulfilled, a warranty deed will be-given the settler at
Oils, Agricultural Implements, its kind known to-day. the end of one year.
Iron and Steel,Rope, Belting, Consumption, coughs, colds, asthma, de. This offer will be held open until January 1st, 1889
ability, wasting diseases and all scrofulous Land Department Florida Southern R'y. Jacksonville, Fla.
Rose andPacking, Pumps, humors disappear under its influence. It is --,TN w WwwR "
Steamand Water Pipe almost as palatable as cream. It can be L. 0. G k RRETT. A ot X, V W.E,9-,
'and Fittings, Four taken with pleasure by delicate persons and Com. Lands and Immigration. Asat, Com. Lands and Immigration.
children, who, after using it, become very
S Steel Galvanized fond of it. It assimilates with the food, in- JAMES T GAON. GORGE: OSBO--
Penee Wire, creases the flesh and appetite, builds up the
Mantels, nervous system, restores energy to mind and d N -,f OT. S-, BO -- t, T
atesbody, rates new, rich and pure blood, in G -A- M.I _v. '. _ .Mf -W_ & .' U 0 :81t _-1 ..-..
Grates, fac gnates the whole system, flesh,
faEt. er or to all other preparations of odWHOLESALE FRUIT AND PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
liver oil; it bas many Imitators, but no
euAgent For eals. Theresults following ts use are its CITYRIA.Lr, JACrSONVILLE, F'TURiD.A, -
OrangeIlghtningPowder,F'armers'Frlend best recommerdatlons Be sure, as you
and Boss Plows, Dangler Oil -Stovee, vT'aU your bealit, and gett the genuineu. Man 'Lit.Iat cau-'ilimrunis of Fruit, ve..taple- and ProAdue Uf all kinds -Florida Watermelor,. a apeeia1rg
Perry & Co's Celebrated Stovese and iun B WIL- alliitndonp V,,R i prA. prnturrN nB. Write.rcRtednu, Bndgtl-e sa al.
.Ranges, Southern (St. Louis) White i-MRS PROCTOR'S over6, 000,000 PEOPLE USE
Lead, Masnry's Pare Colors n Oil, MMO.E RINDS andtisizesof,, l,.,a MRS
Masury's HaUroad &Liquild &Stigar Cane, are made by '.r r-
Palnts, Fairbanks' TheBlymyerIronWorksOo. H TO MS RR
Standard Scales. 1 of Cincinnati, 0. than by "LEATH IU IV I DERRY&CO
S' : : TATE AGENT FOR "i7-Ss ) .lanyotherworksintbeworld. I .....The LARCtbST
SChattann0 g StQfnun V i [ rH T theVitor, Great Western and exterminnating those terrible destroyers-of of ,, ...ld.
Chattanooga Stove Co g i Hadthe G F.rs, Ulothing, Carpets, Bedding, Furniture, .
Hand -Book for 1888, FREE. etc., ,re. PIC.s,^,,.
LOOKOUT STOVES. Hand Bk for Un like Camplior or other prepara- SEED
PRICES SAME AS IN OCHATTANOOGA t tons it wilnot ewTPorale orace.i A NUL
;In Roofing, Sheet iron, Copperand I I | W the t thimtg o e A
9-Work to order. M 'PHandsomely put up in packages of -con WRe malLL
-0 A 'venient size, with full directio-s for n.s. appheliants.andw.
I N LLne package suficlent to protect an entire easwithontord-ril
RA.ILTRON TIC TI' Qa Vi-etrunk, bureau drawer,or wardrobe of cloth- -E tw.I uO, ... LEteryoie
RAILROAD g Fide.ld or Flower floods should eond for
In r .. ...i i 1 t. --ig. *? D. M. FERRY & OO., Det-olK, MHel.
lu Erfect Salurday, 1March Io, 1818. rows ll kids of Fruit Trees and Vlues Three packagessent by mall to any address
S : ST'.LP.. T W':Atr, Large lork Letroteanudother Pears, Perim- for clients; ri or 25 cents. USE HA IN
---- -- --- s, Pen-to. and other oecheb and luns, Male and female agents wanted. Great in- A IN
S -- .- ,"' -.. [,. '-. Send for Catalogue.. Imth llleNGa. dcemenofeed. : TE TOOLS
-;- ..- c. H. FRANKLIN & cO F0rstackingoutinfieldsormiwingawayinbarns
^" :. c.. .. ~ C "f ALBERT lX I F E. Theuse of a good Hay Carrier and Fork a few
A______ _L .1 E. 5 E. Lexington St., Baltimore, Md. hours Ina athngt meay save man times its
P. M A 1 a 11 F N I PMN St. Nicholas, Fla., cost. At sach times, any thing tbat fail Laes Lbhe
I r .. a a !", I -en, or Go.W.B rs handling of bay l ens he from ad weather.
.] ,,T..o,-r ;: ; ; DE,.OMPOSED WITH POTAo H. -
4:. .ar'i. Tny- dollars pr fon oar in The Natural Home of
"i 2. 4 1 1 .B1; .r .7 III: !Q 8 f l(t .'.'I I ile. Or at fac tory prke d .n
5: a .- ) a2 ti.al,, 'Pa l.k. Bea.:n i 7 1 1," ,,I 4 9 New YorK.
't* pJ:.u s.-mal. Budded Orange and Umbrella Trees from Oriental Fruits and Ornamen-
nJyLijnS a -Va..EN. t upt FL tRtoIOeeaib.-"
S. .... -..tal Trees. .-,
Music for Flower Time. G R A P E V IN E S Contracts made -now, for Fall delivery of W At--
Persimmon, Chestnut, Plom and Walnut WemanuoactureAn-HFriction ReversdiGb.le 8woel
Of the l,.M,),IO. Sbee of MuM.. which are i Sulled to the Soll and Climate of trees, ornamental stoc, Bamboo plants or aForksaye oor Hpookset Also the
our stock, very muny are appropriate to s.ng roots, Lily Bulb, Mammoth Chestnuts and celebrated 'Haladav Pum lng Vod Mill In 1
an play. not ly ra-a pr Japan Walnts, Cali inla Grape Vines and ales, the Geared Wind Mill in 11 aizes, ie U. S.
dfloers. 'but-broughou Ibe ,r.en-air i.:-asou. I LOR I.LA Olive trees. Solid Wheel Wind Mill in 5 sizes: also the IXL
with lit festival., ionven[t,,DA. ard 'ne.rt All Inquiries answered and Information Feed Mill, IML Corn Shelter IXL Stalk Cutter.
Consult ;-lt..g,,:.rrd th, "',ir.o, & lu." GROWN AND-FOR SALE AT Pgiven .. ..r -s Pow, Jacks, Pumps, Tanks, etc. Send tfor
mutlc ina s i,.-i r."ude r I v M a 6 C N 1O L Early orders can be filled to better advant- atalogue and pries. A geot wanted In unassigned
San Luis and Andalusia Nurseries, ag- of buyer ard .eller territory. U. WD Ei[E & ltHP CO., Batavia. HL
Sunday-School Assemblies Near TALLAHASSEE, FLA. ('stageL tre ,,,, NEoB. KANSAS Cv,x Mo ,
Sh I-BO, manager. iO ER & co. FOT. Wo Rr TEX., BOSTON, MASS.-
Should examine and i. lIi RENS A- 315 317Washington st..,San Francisco, Cal.
DEMI 30 centi|, _r.i..k ,. ML11-' i1. rOr S)NIjS Est ablished 1878. P. box 1501.' Ohio Imr d ^haera ^ ,
OF PRObI3E t.?:' eit. H,-,,innn Tenu, Send for Catalogue and order early. Send, Establshe878. P. -box1501.amproved Cleser
orSONG 'WORSHIP ..', co-rsi, Emmelso'..S also, for Price LIst of ONE MILLION f.rprr apr .p in -t
SSberwin-or as F i ree. Grape prizes in estates and For- _
1Dli'A FLe- WS IFr.tre., Grape eln Cuntrlea. 2Itelgh-ehed- n '
L. "-"O -IDA W INES. lVnes %,rau [bl.bs Send for de.crIp-
Praise Meetinol Books. alls, Et.o tion and price of lhee fam
ellingg low at ous nR, also fnwis. Illtu
V'OICES OF' PR.iEi4 c.,,,,,. utcl,,,n. : BEES: FOR SALE. ,Wirw ike.Nir. a Nm'""ry ".'K
orNE1W 8PRIiTUALSI.-NG i,ehtsi,.llI'T-. .Descriptive Catalogue
na Tenny 1A w ron, colon 01 U Laid and le PRAY YOUR TREES -
mon- 1a T J. Root's -l nipil, tt H irel ior 21l"i apIcI.i)n Address ,AY.YOUR TREES
School Teachers Institutes and Wi sel them separately I ainet For eaI I aIIll in ha And you will reapthe FRUITS of your labor.
pi dlres ,-, ,Marsha is
Sumrnmer1Schools .. cH,. USE.
Will examJne the new SONrls AND GAMES Hri,>ay m
FOR LITTLE ONES 8,i Jenki. or for Com- 'HO E
mon Scho,:,l, UNIED V'OI ti'E, ., cene .,, 'r EI ntI E

r- EmrsoE h ,.oon R PF.N.TO, HONB. H'ALLAS, FLORIDA EASEand COXFORTwithstyle'
-" GER (0) eta.) Eme,'oo. ...... EF. N --To, H N Y. P.A L LA, F LORID. A and taste of a Frenecl Corset.'
ns iCal Conventions PEACHES; KELSEY and other PLUMS; Ia I ormdI efell.,r.!
WIl' examine or sing from Emersn' JAFFA, SED. SWEET, WASH'NG. NA- as mor e ans:t. sN izit Ie. Lop
JEHOVAH'S PRAISE, ($il. rbl,r hCuNC. RrI VEL, TARIFF, M IJORICA, DLURO[I for any ',C a 'i ,t l ze. 1
.SELECTIONS 161), from Zerrabn's AP,.-HIGLEY'SLATE, MAO. BONUM. HOMO- ei verni1E3FORT YORSET oarn o racl an eflrmetnaowrddn Pres
GRAH orTenn ERCANMALE TAN N nd MNDRINi THE MFORT CORSE the only racial ad effetiveas ofriddngtres
G.RABS I1), or Ten. ey& AAS,h er roNdtALE of bogs. inacts and worms. thus-saving the trees and
CHOIRi). ;ASSA,TAN.IERINEnnd MIANDARINE i has several sihouldrz. fruit. .Spray immediatelyafterblossoming withaeesolu--
Send forListsan DescrIptions. ORANOGE; BELAIR, VILL FRANCIA .:.rai ~ri. a t l tonof Pari Grebnand London le, andevtum
Any book Mailed for Retail Prie. FRUITS; PEARS, GRAPE, -id P- R 3i. rp ,r'r g il' ar ar.g-d w, Baa b spipe rmsand sreaderator Bsrayne
SD rifrce r eiehtn lants Ask. our devils for O'Ij) ,
Liberal DiscoUntr for Qauntities IMMONR, NUTS, UAVAS, QLIINC'ES. i f.,r ion, fir.,, c.,tO eicltn |orsendto sforirdenaa foe os.
Oliver Ditson & 0 OLIVE.. MELON HEIRUB,, UMBIELL.A IAMNAOTURE8 SE Ovid St. 0I S Barclay St.
A O. H. MACNVILLE & B For saleby stores generally Manudain areroofPum. Aultone. an
C. H.EL DITSON & CO., 8,37 Broadway, N. Y. Lakeland and Drayton Island Fla. d I,, ,P rdPraunM&clnOT, -~ a,

5 .- .
t : .- __: _: : -::.. : Y .--. , :- i ,. :: == ; "; ._: i

.4a.IL 30, 1888.&1


53 to 55 HOURS -

atd between Boston
and Savannah
65 to 70 HOURS.





Ocean Steamship Company..
(Central or 90 Meridian Time)
Passage Rates:
Between Jacksonville and New York, 1st class $21.60; Intermediate $18.60; Fxcursion $84.80
.. I Steer~age. $12.0. .
Jacksonville and Boston, 1st class $24.60; Excurbio 43.80; Intermediate $18.60 Steerage $12.50.
THE Magnifeicent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
CITY OF AUGITSTA, Capt. Catharine.............................. Friday, April 20-12:30 p. m
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher.............................. ... Sunday, April 22- 2:30 p. m
INHArTAHOOUHEE Capt. Daggett.......... ............ To esday April 2- 4:30 p. m
NACOOCHEW Capt. Kmpton............ ........................Friday, April 27- 700 a. m
CITY OF SAVANNAH Capt. Smith.............................Sunday, April 29- 8:00 a. m
CITY O0 AUGUdTA, Capt. Catharine.................... ......Tuesday, May 1- 9:00 p. m
TALL rHASSiEE Capt. Fisher. ... ............................. ....... Friday, May 4- 1:00 p. m
CHATTAHOOi. BEE, Capt. Daggett ....................... .Sunday, May 6-3:00 p. m
N1.,'00 'HEE, Capt. Kempton. ..........................Tuesday, May 8- 4:30 p. m
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Smith........................... Friday, May 11- 6:00 a. m
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Catharine...... .... .............. Sunday, May 13- 7:00 a. m
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher ......................... Tuesday, May 15- 8:00 p. m
CITY OF MACON, CaLpt. a. c. Lewis.......................... Thursday, April 26- 6:00 p. m
GATE CITY, apt.Taylor ....................................Thursday, May 12-1: 0
OCITY OF "ACON, Capt., H. C. Lewis...............................hursday, May 10- 5:34 p. min
ATE- CITY, Capt. Taylor... ......... .................Thursday, May 17-10:00 a. min
[These Shpes do not carry Passengers.]
DESSOUG, Capt. N. F,.Howes.. .......... ............ Saturday, April 21-- 1:30 p. mi
JUNIATA, Capt. asltns....................................... Saturday, April 28--7:30 a. m
DESsOITG, Capt. N. F. owe..:............... .............. Sturdasy, May 5- 2:110 p. in
JUNIA Capt. Askins .............. ............... .. .... .......aturay, May 12-6:30 p. m
onnectng with th Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycrss Short Line)
Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advan ages equalled by no other line.
Through Tickets and Bills of LaAingfisuedto prin lpa-points North, East and Northwest
.la- Sava'nah. For information and rooms apply to.
B. L. WALKER, Agent. C. G. ANDERION, Agent,
Pier ,!No. 3b. North Rivel, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICIIAR]SON & BAR1NARD Agents, Sayannah Pier, B.ston.
W, L. JAMES, Agen 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
S. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern.Agent, Say., Florida & Western y. Co 261 Broadw N.Y.
-o. M eSORREL. oGn. Manager. '' H. R'C ISTA ,' Sollcltlng Agent
For Tickets apply to S., F. & W. Rallway-office.

Successors to Nichols. Rockwell & Co., Wholesale and Retail
IHardware, Stoves, House Firnishing Goods, Grates,. Mantels, Paints,
Oils, Saddlery, Guns, Ammunition, Etc.
Partlepin town or- ..do. .dlppe to call or send-or our catalogues and prlea of any
..... odi th ey may neeifh ourlne. Prices lowerithan ever.
38 West Bay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.

The Far-Famed South Apopka Region---Free -Fare to Florida.
Ifyoiucoie IntotheStatead;buylbereaileastl,QOOworthuf pror-ert,- we trll refuld yv,,ur money
fromNew York toJacksonvilleorany corresponding point. Wri, tot r orr t e-v Coll.rd .0ochef Mbpof
this famous section, now in press; Enclose 10c and w wwill t mil u to T e re rnerer a! a 8.od oppor-
tunity0 to trde Northern property forFlotidarealestate tl.now t I ou ha.e anvrnlui t tr.1,, Send
description ad prce, and le %tinow w at you wan,. 1,., hr.-r rilme tu buy oan now We hare nme
of the nestand cheapest properties in the State. Oroueslt ill uarane I. per cent oa00 ln1rm :r.
Timberlandinlargequantityofyellowpinepndc3.prtBs Ir.:.h E.c to '.* pr acre. Loom ac lbe6 few
samples of what we can do: .
To trade for Florida property-15 acres at. Maneeter, N.J., %lth hou-e; .) mtnrute ride trom New Yoric
0 o trade for Northern property--00 acres-in Polk Co., high and rolitic. on 9. Lake Wetr: VS3.f per acre.
For sale-Old bearing grove on Lake Apopka: hammock,4 atcrei, %,.1 area old bearing trees; balance
small trees and neglected; price, $8,000. A reat again.
$7,000-40 acres clearedand set in trees; location and land same a abot-e: ;1',i trees on Lake Apopka;
10,000 fihe large nursery trees. Cheap enough. '
$3,000-150 acresof land near ulk., ou MoIll nd Raiilwiy: doe pine land:; lae fronm; good for any
purpose; no undergrowth.
S I.I-Nia beautiifl lo- on Lar ke L .ke; high oDanri. Ltear water;uncleated: In town plat; only $1,.X0 :
for all.

U \Uar i rt .- t-r.l. write fr parti. ars. Tr .er u,,:n m.:.re to0 lrs t.han ees a-.-.,rt e. -
I...I:--F.'rt acr'. bet tO Ires. manss caringg: two na- uaO.JiSf. n. land; board lenscea. barn; good for
two tanillt ,ht '. -
Wi- al.o tl-r a dht eli, -g and cheap town olte-. one wth rli otig medicInal sprigs. and the most bean-
LI/fl Phle'e In Fi.:.rlah ind ,ldy 6prlnirnot be tind we know. Wrlia to us li %.OU want ai nome or an Ilvest-
ri:nt. ana et- I .jo bI 3 ho i.-ulu -16n to hbeannr,) oy. Our new ri.ap a-Ill i. brE deIlrable, To -
como nexre Lakeitne J.. F W Ry. i[t Jackl6o.DLje, ani tIh, Mlldlaad Fiiltwas at Longwood. AaOres "~'. -

The South, Apopka: Land and Improvement Company,



$60 covers the total cost of full Business Course, including Board, Tuition, Books and
Diploma, Shorthand, Typewriting, etc., thoroughly taught. Best course of Bus InesS Train-
Ing. Best facilities Students board with the President. Separate Female' Departmnent.
Best location. Most largely attended. Most highly recommended. Write for catilogue 1o
rTEBTEL.L 1. SIMMOVNS, Pren't. Noraross, G/..

W u *. .T .T A MV A.. ]B CJCU.--s
(Successor to J. E. Hart,)
.20 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Flua.
Sand. none but the Best and most Reliable Seeds. My new Catalogue will be sent free op
application. Also, Wholesale Dealer in

4ay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran,Wheat,


1. E Tygert & CO.'s
Guran. teed
Comprising ORANGE .
Prices on application.

Star Brand Fertilizer%.
Analysis. .
S July 27 tf

Forrester's Special Manures.

Prepared Fromn CIleleninOls.-

For all Field and Fruit Cropaunrivalediln Results. Try them and- be convinced.
Orange,)Jne Apple, Sugar fane, Lemons. Peichhes, Melon, Sitrwbe-rry, Totarro and atl
Zvgetable inanures. "The'results of the past are the future." Th re are no superior goods

Correspondence is, Solicited.

-Xs, IkesWAN: PHELPS, Agrnft, SaItPfo, _hrahngf CeqBut>, I fenrida. -
I also keep constantly on hand for Jobbing, Washburn &/'Mbers' Barbed Wire Fencing.


Have for sale In New Smyrna and vicinity Village Lois, Orange Groves, Garden Lots,
River Fronts for Residence. and a large amount of Unimprov,ed Lands atpricesranging from'
Sit Io li,0i'persare, accordinrfdqtialil-yand location.
I haverecent 3 sat ured thesaleof thefollowingvaluabl properties: .Ten;PcresofHaMi-
mock I uid, near l e-cie;: lHon.Charh8s i oiugherty's piuperty; m in. Jackson'sw 40 acres of
Fine L- rd ieatl Hf will'': It n' aires' clred; ,Mis 1b hipl li's *0 iaeres of; iie Lnd.- near
.Alewllt' ; F. K. I ona's Hammock on the riaer, running bhak to the Oak Hill Road; Orange
Groves at New Smyrna. "
% .. S. Pn ,
^.J^ eT:; .^';.\ ty

A H, THE R E!!

30,000 LeConte, 5000 Kelltr on LeConte, also Garbus Hybrid, Bartlett and Cornit on X,..
Comne nots:
Buyers in round lots will save money by placing their orders-now.
For contract prices address
B. W; PARTRIDGE, Monticello, Fla.



In Tropical South Florida,
AgenttFloridn LInd and Inmprovement Co. 6 00 acres Lemon, Orange,- Banana, Cane and
Rice lands. \'egetnlile landr, oil I he Laloosohatchle river.
Write and secure bar. tnai fruini
FRANK M. HENDRY, For.t Myers, Florida.

Well Ourbing and Chimney Flues
Cheaper and Better than Brick.
Ornamental, Cheap and Strong. No skilled labor required.
oeS Wepqt Bay 4trt,; Jacksonville, Fla,


,-, .



". I-




all comparable to the CUTICURA REM-
EDIES in their marvelous properties of
cleansing, purifying and beautifying the
skin, and in curing tortur- g, disfiguring,
itching, scaly and pimply diseases of the
skin, scalp and blood, with loss of hair.
- CUTICURA. the great Skin Cure, and CUT-
ICURASOAP, an exquisite Skin Beautifier,
prepared from it, externally, and CUTICUITRA
xSOIhv-NT, the new Blood-Purlr, intern-
ally, cure every. form of skin and blood
disease, from pimples to scrofula.
Sold everywhere. Price, CUTICURA, 50c;
RESOt.VENT,51; SOAP, 25c. Prepared by the
Boston, Mass,
Send for "Eow to Cure Skin Diseases."

SPimples', blackheads, chapped andV
M oily skin prevented by CUTIOUBA
k. Dull Aches. Pains, and Weaknesses
.instantly relieved by the CUTICURn
SANTI-PATI' PLASTER, the only pain-
killing plaster. 25c.

Fancy Poultry.

P. O. Box 381. Jackson.vlle, FVa.
White and Brown Leghorns Plymouth
RBoks, Langsnos, and Wyandbtes" 1Tntil
farther noe, wl furnih ml aEgs from the
- above varitles at. $1.50 per thirteen, three
settings forD $400 delivered at Express office.
Mention DIsPAO.H.


HARD W OD D 8111
Are uniform in qpnllty and positively un-
leached. Thoroughly sifted and free from
Impurities. Contains as muebh or more pot-
ash thbao many of lhe $t0 fertillzesrs For
Culture they are' the cheapest Fertilizer on
the market. Unlike many oftheanlmal lerll-
Izers t ney de-tro3ilnsects, lnsteadof increasing
them. Aualy'ls and quotRilons In bags or
barrels furnisaed on application.
C. E. D.PU Y
Stockbridge, Mich.

rn:: nl iIBh4lB-Hilfax



Hughes' Tonic


Chills and Fever.


Cure the Most Obstinate Cases.
As an Alteratf'e, it cleanses the system,
andrelievps BilioUs disorders.
Asa Tonic, it gives tone and strength.
Proprietors have many letters testifying to
the merits of this valuable remedy. ,
In MlIalarial,;-iistrictt every family
should haveit in the house always ready for
Priceper bottle, $1.; 6 bottles,,5 .
For Sale by Druggists and General
Delivered at your station. or factory price In
New York.
Geoo. W. Baker's
Unrivaled -o.'Oranges. Peaches, Vegetables, Etc.
Speoaiarlces on large lots.
Setidlor Catalogue.
PALM SPRINGS,- (formerly Altamonte) FLORIDA.

Ellersihe Oranoe Nursery.
'The best'lot of Sweet, Seedlings,' from three to
four years old, In the State. Numerous varieties of
budded trees, such as Mediterranean Sweet, Magnum
Bonum, Homosassa, Washington Naval, Tangerine,
eltc.. etc. The Nursery, contaJlnug thousandsof trees,
IsoAiy '&)yards irom EUllrlia depot. Price aslow
as the lowest. Adareas
ahe low. i 'J. SUMTMER, Manager
In careof E. A.Farra, EUersule, Pasco Co., Fia.

HARDY PLANTS New Moon Flower. Olemtis.,
sprlan~ulbs, JAPAN LILIES. NewOhryu.ntieo.
VEGETABLES. Ew safelyey b
or asxreaa 'o ' Ftw. Weoffr Choice NEW
department. Our NEW .UIDE I/ pp- ,eMelU
inistrat edeSOiea overlone r IEW ESTa
'PLNTS and BULBS, ad tes how togro
themFree. i yowiash to plat anything, send
ort. o20 Years Established. OCer O L.qsa
ROSE GROWERS. West Grove. Chester Co.. Pa.

Patrqnize Home Manufacturers.


Ormond, East Coast, Volusia Co.,Fla

0UCENT. men canvassers for Dr. Scott's
Genivine Electric Beltsq Brushes, eto
Lady agents wanted for Electric Corsets
Quick sales. .Write at once for terms. Dr.
Scott, 846 Broadway, N. Y -

v i frca F Nrceris5B ,

State Agency for Woodason's Atomizers and
SPowder Bellows, Death to Scales, Plant LAce,
Roaches,Mosquitos, .Fies, Fleas, etc.


'0-. 1FR I3'T :ElM 1:- S

Manufactures Soap, Pure Ground Bone and
Bounetheau Orange Tree Emulsion, Scraps
and Coarse Bone for Poultry, Soft Soap and
Soap Chips for making Soap Suds for Trees
and Vegetables. Office 28 Ocean st., Jackson,
rille, F. P. 0O. Box 3i8; Correspondence eso


Cheapest and best W4ll Force Pump: Will never
Freeze. For introduction in your locality will name
Dealers Prices for'Single Pump State depth
of well. W also manufacture the latest improved
outfits for" prayl-ig rult Trees and Cotton
Fields,. "Sl ". Send for
either by HId Or Iorse Power. catalogue.


New York, Charleston & Florida


The elegant Steamers of this Line are appointed to all
S From Jacksonville

Every. Thursday, a follows :
Ste INOL. .. .. ... ... .......Thursday, April bthib, 11:80 a. .
erEROKEE .................. ........... Thursday, April 2, 400 a. .
S SEMINOLE . ...... ....... ....... Thu sday, Aprl 19tl, 9:80 a. m.
CHEROKEE ...................... .... Thursday. April 26h, 4:00 .
Front Fernandlna, Fla.,
Every Sunday afternoon after arrival of F. R. & N. Cox's 2:45 train,
leaving Jacksonville as follows: .'
Steamer LELAWA ..................... ... ........ nday, April IL
Y m EMASSEE..A. S..... .. ..Sunday, April 5th6.
SDELAWARE*.... .***********..* ..* ... Sunday, April 16th.
E" D MAFA ............ ............ ... .. Sunday, April '-2h.
DELAWARE ................ ............. .. ...Sunday, April 29b .
**Steamers are bonded so that foreign goods oan be shipped in bo d
through to Florida." .. A
Steamers are appinte to satl from Pier 29 E. R, Now York, every TU BDAY AndH
DAY, at 3 p. M. Tuesdays' ships for Fernauls "ad Fridayi' ship. fr Jacksotville.
The Freight and Passeger Accommodations by s Line ar, e n --surpassed.. Eve a---- t
tion will be given business entrusted to this Line. Directall shipments from New York "a
CLYDE'S FLORIDA LINE, Pier 29, East R ver.
Since last season VENTILATOS have been constructed on thq Iron steamed b
the better transportation of Oranges and Vegetable.
For further Information apply to
J. A. STEAD, Ageut, F.M. I MONOER Ji P.A. J. A LESLIE, AgenL
Fernandlna, Fla. JacksonVi'le 'k. '88 W. Bat 0%Jackson&vile, .
THEO. 0. EO ER, Traffc Manager wii. W-. OlTbnB0.,I. Agent .
3s Broadway, N. Y. ii South wharves, Philadelphia, M Broad y.


I am now preparing and offer for sale


The advantage in having humus intimately mixed .with the soil. i
too well known to require further comment :
One advantage especially derived in its being dried and ground is that it
makes an unrivalled bedding for stables and an absorbent for outbuildings,
which'not only makes a valuable fertilizer, but goes a great way toward
Those wanting to mulch their grove and form the body for ,a, compost
will find it to their advantage to try it.

(One sack is an ordinary cart load of iMuck and weighs g o pounds.
F. 0. B. cars or boat.

SAddress .
Crescent City, Florida.
C=IO.- X--I. ,A- '10N> A T *T 7

Building and Repairing of all Kinds Done with Despatch.

White Oak Plank and Timber, Sprnoe and Hard Pine Spars, Hackmatack Oak Kneesand
White Pine kept on hand. Yard 4 iast Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
B. T. YouNG, Justice of the Peace. F. M. CooPn, Notary Public,
13,000 .Aorem ___
Of the best quality of heavy oak, hickory and cabbage hammock having miles of river and
bay fronts and best water protection In Florida. Especially
adapted to Florida fruits and vegetables.


S 0 R ;I 3 Retal Ehitate AgIents, e i
S- 0 Palmetto, Manatee Co., Fla. ".

Town property improved ald unimproved
in all the towns on the Manatee River. Beautiful river and
bay fronts. Pure salt water. Oysters, fish and clams. Lovely building sites
on mainlad.iand alan~da YVahtnr unirtrnassed. nrrseivndenae solitted.



: r


,'7 l

on mainland .and .islan.s -n -j -. .. ..... .