The Florida agriculturist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055761/00002
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Chas. H. Walton & Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 25, 1875
Publication Date: 1874-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 3, 1874)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1877?
General Note: Editor: S.D. Wilcox, 1874- ; C. Codrington, <1877>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002196913
oclc - 36065033
notis - ALD6763
lccn - sn 96027723
System ID: UF00055761:00002

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+ l S-ptetrabr 10th--9 A. .if-Am on board the
steamer Florence, lying at the.- railroad dock,
waiting for the cars to bring the up-river mails.
Ten minutes after 9 a long wreath of smoke
is hovel inz over the woods in the: distance, indi-
eating ih:- approach of the train. A long, shrill
whistle is heard, and there she come puffing
and blowing. The mail-bags are delivered to the
A. agent, who stows them in the mail arono, and
commences at once to sort and arrange the mail
matter into separate i.agi, to te distribtIted rat the
numerous stations onu te river. Srmie oI ibhe
mail-bags are eaupt., somi have 'oe letter .ind
two papers, some are half full, and some sre f.il
almost to: bursting with ma:, mairer, bir full lIr
empty, the boat must strop at'evevy l,itading,
whether out of the %ay or not, andi ex.?btaneu
mail-bags. .The,. an.-plank as hbauile' in, "all
aboard!' anda olff wve go. Black Porni, si:c
miles from J.alcksonville, is the first stopping
place; only a few orange trees in sight, buit Iie
energetic and enterprising proprietor ol, this
beautiful place has caught the oine fever, and
before another year will have a thousand trees
planted out. At pieseni' ne contents himself by
planting lOU acres in ..-gai cane, and making
the most delicious s'yrp .and sugar that is niadl:.
in Florida. It Florida was peopled by sich men
as he, ,the entire .State in ten years would de-
velop its resources in a manner that would as.
tonish the world Mulberiy G(ove is the next
S landhrg, owned by one of the wealthiest men in
Flo tda. He is calm Ind luiet now, fully satis.
j "A -'' fif -. remain, at this lovelyv poi, huxiiniting.
r. -rV-k lGtiii zIf I.a.-=f Ine:, 'it.-irslui rei
"'-7 -- "u:..lte neighabors; bun the tide of immigra-
ti- coming' like a wvbirlwind, and before
S mdb.y>yAarSf-public roads and the iron fire bore
will tap his 'now sequestered home, and the
smoke Irom a thousand plantations, as the old
forest tiees, brought downiby the axes of the
settlers, are smouldering in the ashes, will be
seen all around him. The change must come,
and no man can stop it. Mandarin comes next,
noted for the residence of Mrs. Harriet Beecher
Stowe. Her ebarming little cottage is almost
hidden among the orange trees that are now
loaded down witb fruit. Beside her grove are
beautiful residences, surrounded by orange
groves. It is, indeed, a lovely spot; but the mail
is delivered, and on we go to Hibernia, another
famous resort for invalid strangers frow all paits
of the world. Only spend one winter there, and
the charming hostess captivates you, and you are
sure to come again, and her kindness and aitten-
tion to her guests is proverbial. Magnolia is si-
Slent now, but when winter comes every room is
crowded, and the genial host welcomes all who
come, and if his house is full he farms them out.
Orange groves and banana trees are planted all
around about the hotel, which makes it, for a
winter resort, extremely desirable.. Retmington.
Park comes next. It is near Hallcus Point, one
of the most desirable places on the river. Or-
ange and banana trees are planted here in great
riumbeis. Green Cove Springs, thirty-two miles
';" from Jacksonville, comes next. This place bhas
a world-wide notoriety. Splendid hotels, capi-
tal boarding-houses, a sulphur spring that cules
all diseases, if you have faith and bathe late and
often. "Is i- good for the rheumatism ?" says
the stranger; Good for rheumatism, sit Why,.
air, just look at me. When I first came here'I
was all drawn up into knots; now look at me,
sir. I am as straight as a pine tree, and a- supple
as an eel." "Will it cure the asthma';' Oh,
sir; -now you touch me on a tender poiwt. Why,
a sir, when I tirst came here I was brought in a
rocking-chair; had not laid in a bed for two
Sears; my voice was cone ; cQaln't-ispeak above
a whisper. Nowlook at me paies a long br'eathi
and yells like a Comnj-':he wariorli, do I look:
like a man that was ,iven lip by the doeir:rs to
die, who said I bad the consumnption, the asiLjan,
and all the chroni,'- aliiea-- -' icuct1ienr t ao imau, anI
must.die? Na.', this srin it bi a aired -me; can
walk forty miles a d.l lde':p on th.: iaotnOd
with at l ue I;not faoaa plll--w.' ** DI.. l the h.ave
any chills here ."- No, sir, nary .hcbill. 'The
S inhatii nts don't knoitr whv.t it m,..itns. Son,-
fellows, wb.- ilve lip BlaI:lk relc., .--nmeliime:
come hb'rc to buy whiskr-y and quinin'e, arndil i.-y
say that thera- i- a I'aoieiful. sinart l haI uince r
chills up the river, along ih'- la.ataOa,. or low.
l:nds, iis ut no hills bets., ,:,nl. b.itie in the
spring' and youth will never in:,excepa ,c oi l,.1i a
[uriug the winter rnmnthb- this popular place,
aud justly o,is crowded b thousandof sttangcrs
S, from all parts uf the world. It i' one of thbe
o most fashionable watering places in Florid..
Hogarth's Landing cofes next,.a smail setle.-
ment .*n ith liver, buttplenty of[peoile livein thbe
country around ir. Only a ftew orange trees ate
seen, but in a few years the whole store will b-
S ,,-. lined witli tfi--.,- The-f..)rmer owner made a
.j,-j great mistake when he sold this point Ior a mere
-"- song. He now lives in Jacksonville, not half as
Swell off as when he owned tbhis landing, Picolata,
once the most thickly-populated town on the St.

oevotv to thi Igrijulturinl, industriall, unid tuiational terqsts of flotida.

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JoAns river, being7the headquarters of the army
dung the Indian war and before. Now only
a few houses Are visible, with small orange
groves around them. In the rear of Old Picola-la
is Watson's grove; has about five hundred bear-
ing iree, and is 4mnsidered one of the best groves
iu this vicinity. rTocoi, the starling point of tElie
St. Augustine Railtoa.d, is here. A warehouse on
the dock, a few houses on thbe hill, are nal that
can be seen, but iu the winter it is lively about
here. Probably ten tbous-aud passenaeis cross t,;I
St. Augustine. No time to ilauit orange trees
Federal Point cones next. Visions of delicious,
strawberries come up betlote me,. a I look ashore
at the beautiful houses, surrounded l1 rf,-weiis
ol great variety; orange trees "iad stiawalerry
patches extend as far a tihe eye :can each This
i. a lovely .poi, i it .-.Jr tbat hai blh:i'we-I, :and
the nIail is exchange-., 'anid rAl we go ,irnuge
Mills le:'Ins up in all its gr-andviur l lan i:aity;
orange tree& by TIL:- tiver, uipon ihe blutf, arco.ind
the neat and t isteful colage,i anid th.:- Olh i b.:meni-
stead i iurroun'led l.y thbem, blut ul n e -,.'. Oil, ;
Dr. Coweill. lion vi ail-, y. il s- ll th r plerndid
oranti gro,:- an1ar mA.rgnific&nt slpot You :.i Cil.
hauve miad:e it n1 aln thiis eailibly parailie:-; aud
thin I... abilndo tn this ciharminti spaot forl'I'esi.
dience in T.allabhasscei' Oh, Docet'-ir, you missed.
it tha ltiime. Why, N yair oran._,e gerov, and ait
surroundings are as beautiful as w is the Garlen
ol Edeu. Colonel Daner. give us your hand, say
old and tiusty friend. Your \lucks are wbited-ed
by the frosts of many winters, but your face is
wreathed with smiles, and happiness anti con-
tentment inark tall our ftCliorS You atre as
tappy as a king, and. well you luay be. You
own one of the loveliest spois in the world;
your oranges, lemons, citrons, guasva-, and figs-
cannot be surpassed; the woods around'vyou
abound in wildiAvrkEys a.J d-eer; tle river ihat
runs before your door is Tull of fish, and your
wants are abundantly supplied. Around you
_4raQInT children, and perhaps raeudebildien., _.-
TZ w.tUfiF ie -e allI thai is manly and honora-
ble, Oh, Colonel, I know you love them, and
when the wee little one, with cbildist inocencie,
and with its little heart overflowing with affec-
tion, as it trots along by your side, smiling its
happiest smile and clapping its little hands with
childish glee as you bestow upon it a smile of
pleasure and happiness, and when night comes
and the dear ones are gathered around your
cheerful board, and the little one, before going
to its bed, kneels down beside you and clasps
her little hands together, and, with its eyes
closed, says that touching little prayer that. all
good parents learn their little ones to say-"God
bless my dear parents, my grandpa, and all my -
dear brothers and sisters "-oh, Colonel, plant -
more trees. Better than depositing money with
banks and brokers, and by-and-by, when old age
creeps on, and your happy children will cluster
around you and strive to make your declining
years lull of pleasure, then, then will you thank
God,. in the fullness of an overflowing heart; that
you planted orange trees, and can leave your
children an inheritance of far more value than
gold and silver. Good-bye, Colonel, I must go.
Brown's grove, near Russel's landing-what.,a
sight' tIt almost takes my breath away as my
eye wandeis over that immense orange grove. A
lew years since it was a wild, uncultivated tract;
now $t100,000 could not buy it. It seems almost
incredible, but there it is before me, an orange
grove that in a few years will yield an incomrie
enough to support in princely splendor the lucky
parties who own it.
Palatka. Hore we ate, a beautiful city indeed,
nestling so charmingly among the gieen trees
and sparkling river that almost suround it. The
residences are almost swallowed up by the las-
uriant orange and banana-even the streets are
shaded by the orange tree. A lovely spot, indeed,
'to live. There is Colonel Hait, always smiling,
always happy ; has a warm greeting and a
Friendly word for all, honoiedl nnd respected by
all. Well may he be happy Let himn bit turu
his eye towards, the city, and there is one of the
finest hotels in the South, -ind near to i., almost
hidden bhy giant tree-, is his beau- iful resi.ieuce,
and there, over the sparkhing river, is one of' ihe
tin-si oranaue groves in the Stat- They tvelonnd
to himrr, anu a t.-i one, I am glad of it, 'i,. b-e as
one oif the m,--it pLersexering and eni.2etie noien
of the S,-."ah
San M lu.-, r-.et maiPls Ir'm 'ilailoia, tor more
than two. miles alou.: the liver, is one continued
or nge grove O(ranL- t-Ies ate aoat only plarrted.
I, ittie riv, ibutij i u lit-e ills -ur'uun'ditag and
over ihe bills., e. xtrndiun. far back int thie colin-
ilvy Al re than liali fianiie-s ai settled in thail
vi.:hibi,, au..l nearly I all oilf them have. -br
il iuge grov(s. As wv sauil past, I .gqaz
piLise nd astonish mi-eni. Is it po.sible.
(only a few i-earasincei) lwld,uninhabiti:.
h- bs be- converted into almost an esartl
dise'" If I bad an 'orange yrove there,
not exchange it tor a bankc-account--
.$30,000 with Duncan& Sherman.: l.,
Welaka, Beecher, and 'Greeley Sprtr -nalI-
h'and-somnily locate, ad.join eacb otber (:fuon(5,
place -is settled andd imploVed, it wi"llhiep"
the others ; they.sarelalillsuch lovely places.thlat
a traveller wonil hardly know which to elect.
Charley, at Wilakik has a thriving ald beaullt
ful orange grove.' Don't sell it, C'hrley, keep
on improving it; don't fear any. rivalry from.
the adjoining places-you are alrely far ahead ;

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you have a bearing oi ange grove that is admire-i
and coveted, by all who s-ee it, but you must
plant more trees. Publish and prepare the We-
laka Tets-' at night, and plant trees in the day-
time; keep up y6ur courage; ibe time will soon
come when your neigibbow, will crowd you ,
you mutra hurry up and lose no title-progres-
sion, improvemr-ent, and i'nmmigiation is on the
I.st tiain. coming with ligehning speed; listen,
you will soon he.-r the ahbi-rle; plant more
ties, Charley, aund keep planting
Horse Landing No *sian .-,f improvement on
the river liont, bu.t right sIunait settlement be-
hind theI'- woos," .ay- a b h-l ?emtI a lio c.ait en
board the boni at this pLhce Our boat wooded
u[i,,l)lovweld lhear whistle so str,-ong that the C-)oui-
ilym.tai' li'rse icamne ie- j.ilumping ivehaiba d,
tinrtel the wild birds front the wood.as, and set
the w.ate -turkeys diving a11 atiuundl us.
Mointr R.:.\ial is pushing ahead like a steamn
enin.--n,- wL buildings are going up all around
time outer c-d'g,, ot the wood-Js, and scpres of set-
t.eis ate clearing. the lind and preparing to
make orangee groves far ,aout in the.-piney woods.
Ora-ge gitces and ilee: ale planted'atihllrougb
thenettlilnment i "'<.
leorvetown. I was glad, to see the hor~e
Jlaing, b:horseman wall; hIis hoi-se up the wharf
n on two planks, and disappear behind the tall
li.'vi,aks, covered will moss fromi the ropmost
i.,ran.hes to the tioot. "Thsit mn as too in-
(|quisitive. He followed me abo et' r -.-
ing me with strange and inquisi
His sharp. black, snake-like eye "
rbe wilh a startling gaze, and avuh
that he was in the fish business 'an wasiuni
for a good location to fish, I. e.gla-ith4t,
left the boat-I did not feel like'. ii1
Little Lake George and its surrouning'e:
we pass through, on either side, are new settle.
ments. Some old orange groves are seen, and
numerous clearings and preparations' for plab"
t: orange :trees- :le ill' -aronuUik2 W.YW."~, t
enter Big Lake George the wye is cbarhed anid"
passionate by the beautiful scenes that open
up. Beyond is the lake, twelve miles in length,
and almost the same distance across it. On
either side, at the entrance, are settlements-
beautiful cottages, empowered and almost hid-
den by luxuriant orange trees, that carr be seen
on every hand. At the tight is Drayton Island.
The long wharf, now being built by Mr. Towle,
runs farinto theblake, while on shoe areeitensive
preparations for building a mammoth hotel, lhat
will eclipse any other oh the upper waters of
the St. Johns. If any man can do it it is Mr.
To-Ile, for he has the goabeadativenessof a forty-
tiorse power steam engine. On the right of Lake
George, in the distance, is the Clinch tract.
owned by our fellow-citizens, Messis. Bridge and
Greenleaf They are bound to go ahead, and in
ten years it will be one of the loveliest spots in
Florida, and the delicious oranges that grow
there will not be surpassed anywhere in thfs
" Land of Flowers." I can see the smoke from
their tamp-ritres in the distance, and can almost, in
fancy, see our respected friend, Mr. Bridge, din-
ing on bear meat and wild turkey, wnile his
thoughts are far ahead in happy vis;ious of his
future income, whiIh will rival that of Astor's.
We have passed safely over Volusia bar, finding
five, five and a half and six feet of water-our
boat drawing only four feet. At the entrance
to the river, on an island, with no living being
nearer than Volusia-five miles-there has. lived
a man by ibe name of E. E. Ropes. He has re-
sideJ there for many years alone, leading the
life of a hermit. He is an educated man, and re-
spected by small who know him. Why he lives
this lonely life no one. knows. He troubles uo
one, minds his own affairs, but when an oppor-
tuniiv occur t for him to do a kindness, he acts
promptly. Two yeais since I was at the bar in
the steadier Statlight, bound our. It was pitch
daik, iand the pouring rain ename down in tor-
-lenIt If there was a liehbt in the beach we
could closs it safely. Our friend Ropes volun-.
il-rr-.l to go. Lightiag his lantern he entered
bissmall caeckel-shell cante-.boat, and told us 0to
follow him. Slowly we followed him-dow we
s-re his light for a moment, now all is dark- .
ness. We stopped uijr engine;, and, with.a gJass,"
peered through the almost impenetrable dark-
tcss. For lull five minutes .o light; tien,like
Sbliglit star iii the heavens, at shot out its -wel-
-',r. light. It wvi: but.for a moment, and then
' ihe light was hio, and all again wias.dakiness.,
Regardless of -tthe pouting r'ain,.our cptihn,
tslood (n Ibh wheel-ha:ouse and watched-and's
.. tel ~.~.~iben, like the star of Bethleham,
ghL aniut and beautiful tra usl as it did
aon the mount whildeb -ling
,hbad ound'the buoy.anud. aived'
S_'gh above .his] head, pro ing the
y his- at, while til.rain came
ts, alm swamping his boit.'
.ai lic'bt crossed the bar safely,
5 ^ -es '31, pilot a.lousing cheer,as we
e \ we looked behind us the ignt.
eo C:e vi-sible'; rr,:robably it had gone ou.t,
S ng ibis lonely man to tind the way back.
trough the thick gloom and darkness that en-
t.mpassc-d him. God bless this strange man,
whoy chooses to shut himself out from the civi-
laze' wolid and spend nis days in this desolate
Tolusia, Blue Springs, and fHatinsville are
tht next stopping places. Orange trees, in full

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night; m
Have spent te day wanu
ange groves, visiting the e ry mansion, the
Brock House, the sulphur spring, and attending
The DeBarty place is splendid-equal to a-fine
mansion nestled among the green hills along the .- ..
Hudson river. The building cost $30,000, and all
around the house are orange and banana trees, -
thousands of them, from me small seedling to '*. '-'
the three-year-old. In a few years from now ,_
the income from the orange grove will be almost -
incalculable. The Brock House is a large, beau-
tiful structure, elegantly furnished,and the pros-
pect for the coming winter is tb-hat a house three
times the size would be filled to overflowing. A
large bearing orange grove is planted beside the
botel, at the head of the dock, which has great
attractions to the strangers when it is loaded with
its delicious frdit during the winter months. There
is no prettier spot for invalids and strangers to
spend pleasantly the winter months than at the
Brock House. That prince of hotel-keepers, so
well and favorable known all over the Northern
world, Mr. Caldwell, has bought- and will run
the house, assisted by his sons; and they mast,
'and will succeed. I bathed in the famous sul-
phur spring, a pleasant bathing resort for Ihe
suangerts during the winter. A large alligator
has bis nest in thp spring, but be is a quiet, bash-
ful fellow, and, never molests any one. The
bath was refreshing, and invigorated my system -
to such an extent that I walked back (two miles)
as vigorous as a boy. The sermon at the church
was by the Rev. Mr. Brown,a long and interest-
ing dissertation on the Jewish prophesy, which
was listened to by Ihe audience with much inter-
est and marked attention. This is, indeed, a beau-
tiful Sabbath evening. I am seated on the upper
deck of the steamer, watching, listening, and gaz-
ing at the different scenes around me. In' the
distance I see the white houses and the lights at &
Sanford and blellonville. The bright, full moon
and brilliant stars are shedding their radiance
over the land and the smooth and glassy lake.
I bear the niety song of thV Boatmen who ply
their oars out on -the shining lake. Along-the.
borders of the lakeiJ hear the (to mei cheerful .
croaking of the frog, while from the.-tall live -
oaks, draped with hanging moss, the whipp6or. -
will sends forth his.welcome song; and whilq ie .
soft wind comes sweeping v'er'me Iimrcept- ':
ibly, fanned by its bal ,L",.drop t6.slee and
sweetly dream; and sicsgloriousdreamrt.Would
toGod it wormaliealily. diteamed that I bought..-.
a tract.of land.onthe borders of this charming .
lake- I engaged stout men to cut, fell, and burn .... -
the' itrs, and clear the land otbr-plantini--a br-
ange.grove; then I bought a,.thousand'-young.
seedling trees-and planted ithem-6n'thisiclea'ed'.- -
land; then.I buUt a small cottage in tjcEtr. "
of th. .grove, in order that I mighj.t aina.-,
"guatd the. give as. a living mother.
4;arling child. I watched- them, w'At ittish'--
'ittorar.t as thdy grew uj,gpdL'ieftr proii6k
. came ou t.and -gradu-aTlytheibfbegan. to, unfold
and expand, my iuteiet-..eiswaslense and y.and .. -
by when I saaw the gender b'ds .bei 'ojnt rm
and open and blosam,.and sh'.d eb' fra-
glance all around,'l-afik in;vitrBh ttoxi-
cating draughts, the.exileratingodor -.
the bright floarie_4gan to fall like 9,' '-
covering the groan I seemed like one inat, a.
entranced by a heavenly visi-aIt .Ah, w len 'be
1,000 trees, loaded with the l t9ous freit, nd a'
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the beautiful tinge indicated that they were ripen-
ing, my joy wa6 inexpressible: my whole-heart
was full of happiness, and nmy tace was wreathed
with smiles; little children gathered around Te,
S. claspedl m'. band', in ileir emtiaces, wcnt, wth
meio 1 .o'ranfge grove, and wh9eb1- plucked the
round, hfll xrt pfrange Irom tbhe overburdened
trees agdfillefbeir mouths and/abiqdgwita fruit.
so luscious and- juicy, .they were as' happy and.
joyouais lamubs in the nieacdo?. By.andby-my.
iruit opened. i carefillathered and.packecLit-
in boxes, hauled them-to'te .wharf,sold them for
a pile of money big'enough to buy the Brock
tlouse. I reached out my hand to clasp the pile
of money, when I aiwoke, and there I-was.on the
deck of the steamer wet with. the falling dew.
My hat had fallen off, my hand grasped fast hold
of my empty pocket-book, and this great fortune
that I hbad reached-out to grasp had vanished A
great upioir at the head of the d-E.k. What can
be lemutiti:' are tbeKu-Klux around? ,Hive
the Eau Gallie convicts that escaped been cap-
tured Have the Seminole r-negades from Mexico
been let loose,and arc they being shot by the ex-
cited people; or has the boatmen broke into Lord
Peter's chicken-coop and killed his game qhick-
-. ens'. I started up the deck, and there the mystery
was explained. One ol Captain Broci('s old pilots
had married a young, buxom widow, ano the
crew of the steamer were serenading him in the
usual fashion. Heand the stewardess weie walk.
ine quietly up the d6ck, when all at once ithe on
tre crew of the steamer surrounded him Bells
r were rung, thegong sounded, the tambourine tas
Seat, the fife blowed, drumus rattled ciut their
o'Lorrid noise, tin pans and tin keitles were beat,
Sand1anged,'sleiab-bells shook their meiry prals.
t a .vain did he try to escape They met him with-
' -..lsi6cbn every and-u-n chance toget away. He;
b4he]d'Sp his hands imploringly, beggihig themn to*
esist. *For full ftiteen minutes they sa rounded
-,I" 'dahd inelled him to li-ten to this frightful up-
ar t st, forming a solid phalanx siounJ
.him int pjmpb, they marchbed him down i,) bhe
at; a~.made him promise ihbar i hen they ar-
% nrved.. aL Jacksonville he would wine and cake
S' hmtpelr tiull satisfaction. A capital i ..ke is
( q.-dup heie, which is too good to keep oiume
u lears since, -during lwe winter uionitb. ,the
er Darlington Iy at t me iwartf a Enier-
se bound dctwn the hi\er Pas-engers were
'-, COdrg on board. AtI ilieb head of the do.k: a
in,homespun-hlouklnadin., urymran htiL~bied ihis
a' ,'ai dl taking his i-ldle gi ti be sauoteied
S J.he boai. He c;inie ioo 'ihbg:ging plank
1.^ de-h~s way up to the Lwhcel-bhe.u.e. .At
-ni the.e-aptain pull l the n isril ,Io)e
f"fiuriousiy The coi(minilymn, on
i d, started back 1 ."IaZPd aroAind
h iTy alwtitwiD woniler nd. rprir-ise;s-Ilooied
up to ropE4 to tke engine, ,o ihe top of tle
S ybeel-house, ",em.pgly -"onde-ijrag were the
I noise came from Not s:er-in, sauisned he sieps
a p to the captain and 5tv,;-" Misier. what kind f
a thing is that that made such a powerful noise:"
'*'."Why," says the captain, that's my mtical
ainment." '" What will .'-:u charge, captain,
Jole me olay Vhn It as long.:.-' I wani t,," .aIs
co-unitrSini. Give me s'i *and yv.'.. a
ay on it as lung as byou lik,' a.vs cap-
taink. /Ibe counir3man, astir s"arc.ng all his
pekets, t lasi-fouid a dollar iD er and handed
it to the captain (who pocket it, winking to the
31h bystanderl a d 8' Irw boy- we will have
S--'oe iM-")- owister, I wai." this hc-ie
"'1 -o ..il,.ciy'elf while 1 pull." All hands leftI hez
'v'wheel:botise: -The ,countryman gave one long,
strong pull, to test the strength of Ihe rope; all
right,now he has the hang oi it. He pulled again
Sand again, and continued to pull. The pasen-
gers and crew of the boat, hearing the continued
sound of thbe whistle, rushed' from their rooms to
the upper deck, to the dock, and ran wild back'
and forth, and alarmed the boarders at the Brock
House; Who rushed and crowded out on the lawn
S* and on the piazza The whole. town came rush-
ing.down tob the boat. .What was the matter?
Had the boat burst its boiler ? Soniething extra-
ordinary,ol an alarming nature had occurred. The
captain's smiles have changed Lo alarm. 'He walks
back and forth, watching the counitryman.'Who
stand- the Qole- occupant cof the %%heel-'iou-e, pull-
ing the rope with all his mighi. The captain
could stand it no longer, but rushed into' the
wheel-bhouse, rasped the countir.ymni by the-
arm, and shou'td : Hold iu, luold on, you' are
raising hn- abour h're Ii.'s my nimusic; I pail
$1Ito play as long s It wanted; I like it; it'spo Er-
fal smart music," said the countiy.nia, anil kept'
blok-ing. T'le- ctpain souorted agnin Here,'
take back your dollar, frve dollars, ten dollars-
anything,.onliy stop tili inlerna.l noise." The
country awn gave a long, -lrong pull, and stepped
down irom mte %heel ho.iuse, slapped tih.c captainn
on iIe s.bhouldei, and' said: C'pliain, I btase
played enou~hib onyour music, and when you,
want 'ie to play onit again call on.me,"-
whispering his namd 'in his ear. The captain
didn't wink any mir-, bt t,',,okthearmofoneof
the rieiest c.ntl.ild teri-r iLe green countryman)
and went up to the Brock House and cracked a
boitlei of cbampaige itc-ih',:r. Idid not say the
captain was our '.old friend Captain Brock, and
the ciuutrvnan Was John Summerall.
Monday morninag-homeward-bound-I shall
seethe same. beautiful scenes, the same orange
proves, sand hope t,0 have as pleasant trip home-
ward I : I id tn-i r Iel that I should be
doing inju-tice to Capiain Brock, i.) ois ,beaauil'd
steamers, to tme officer. and cr,-ws of the Flor-
ence and the David Clark, if I failed to speak of
them in terms of approve ci. The steamer Floi-'
ence is commanded by Captain Richardso:n, a
gentleman .in every sense, woithy to command
any boat that floats rn the waters ,t the SIt. J.oh,
The purser, Charley Ellis, whom every one who
knows, honor, and1 respect, is the rikht man in
the rig-ht place One remarkable thing,whichis
worthy ni noiite I did nit, duringe my pas-age
on tne Fli:rience'snd D[,ii Clark, hi-ar one word
of pr:otanity Irom oflicers or '. rey, and not one
Sdrop of liquor was drank in my presence. The
steamer David Clatk is commjanded by Caplain :
Dick Stewart, ais good 1a seamann as ever trod a
Ship's deck. His experieni.e ot twe'yi three ye:rs a
on abe Si. Ju.has lirer maKes his s-ervcas as caip-
t lain invaluable. He attend, srii.tly to hi, Juty.
is kind,-Tespeciful, and courieou: to all-his psa-
sengers, a is universally respected.- Mr.-Tay-
lor, the pi'b .- i evcrythine a pti 'er should e.
and can't he bc-at As for Captain Brock, ic.pg
mav he ware. *' '

When a' srew bole ce'-isso wro Ihat the i:-rew-
S will not Savy in, cut s ,pst of .i'rk and fill the
-' hole fall of.i.hem. Tben lt.)rce the.- crew in, and
Sit will stay there as well ai it di iren into an en-
r j tirel\ new iole. T. Isen iou siaples, rings,
/yiS&:c.,,in alone, run melted suilphbr around them.

The Indian river proper runs parallel
with the Atlantic coast, twenty-three de-
grees northwest and southeast, extending
south of latitude twenty-seven degrees,
and running-north of twenty-eight arid:
a half about 200 miles. Its width ranges
from one and a half to seven miles, and
i4 from four to sixteen feet deep. This
w4 the'river which the Writer gazed eon
the day after arriving at Aurantia. A
genial breeze from the ocean comes over
the narrow strip of land that divides it
from Indian river. This strip of land is
only from. one to three miles broad, and
is already ettledon at many pointv... Just
o pohite where we tanid is the famous'
Dummitt grove, which last year yielded
one million'of the finest oranges ever
grown in America. -This grove has. re-
cently been sold for $25,006. There are
several -other orange .groves of smaller
size and not so old. The Indianriver lit-
erally swarms with fish, and the most su-
perb millet, weitrhing from two to five
pounds, are .caught here. Wishing to
try our luck on this water, we entered a
boat, pushed out to the middle, and cast
out our lines, which were baited with
dried venison. -After waiting patiently
for an .hour, we were surprised to find a
number of sharks, reconnoitering about,
ourkboat, and concluded that it would be
no use to compete with them for the mil-
let. One voracious monster came very
near! the boat, and received a tap on the
head with the oar, which it instantly
seized with its jaws, and darted away.
The catching, of turtles is carried on to
some extent, and a large number of these
creatuir'e accompanied the writer on his
return to. New 'York in the steamer.
Game in the woods on either side of this
river abound. Settlers in isolated locali-
ties are sometimes actually driven from
the country by the, game-chiefly deer.
Almost every day during .our stay here,
fresh deer or bears were killed. Venison,
fish and bear'is the chief flesh meat used
by -the majority of settlers. This is
really the parudi'e of the sportsman, nat-
uralist and pleasure-seeker. There are
only about 1,000 settlers along the river;
but. in winterthoiisanud'_ .< Northerners,
invalids and pleasure-seekers go there to)
enjoy the invigo:,ating climate. This poir-
tion of,Florida ik admitted by all to rbnve
the very best, climate for siifferers fron'
<-, osuaIptio.n, rheumatismi, brr.onet
It is here that, a greater variety '
cal fruits, &c., ca:J be raised tL:o pe r
But as it now is, the whole count
new, rough and wild.M, and awaits opening
"up by t.h> farmer, th-e truir.gr.ower, an
the mechanic Hotels are exceedingly
scarce, and thousands ot vifit..,rs evvry
winter have to turn back on that account.t
The soil in many places is high hammocks
(the lmtest kin.1d .f land), but :pihe land pre-
dominates here as in other parts of the




.14v, ?>d -. . -. ..- -




" I

As I've sat ,,my chamber window; '
I'i, n tlC,:' oa.- r-' ar- i .-iiri.
; Th ie b i et-i t ,'f'l-,bh l..iLr':- / ,-
At cte- cipproite 'Aaio.' i-ar ,-.''
." Rory epee-eks dauirily dilpl,-,i.
C Irla s tht,-i%'s1 iit al : n .a'k.
STiumbl aid ari '.' ; in 'jlfjsr icin
Wih til':" co:oral i, ciir it i vti'
Eyes-but to mention the color,
'i.mitiat ,ait fur a .iU a ,:r .:,r.
:'bTbda"h t.tiimn laa .Mi.rit_ ar ,ei ','iiare,
They'll match' ,itr Imte- r;rir,bin.- ,'.1 lu ;
S F. et'e ir,rtb ricer brenz. d itr'. '-,,
S ADd Lh": .''ar-,c -if '. i I, L,'. i'i-i'r,
Ar,.i rm i r- ..:r frIn'n,- Ir'rcSS.
.Y-,)u m i ,,t f,- -rLc f r:jr T iF L .. '. i :-
Ssoitimes I throw kipses to baby,
And. back come the kisses to me, ,
16 a '-ri-.'Cf u lii' CliI-'
Tr ath '. ',i.t: ni.rail..- ai.J the dimples ;
u.uI i iuuku'a t,,' Icrfii'.illy say;
TJ,'i 1I h -. li.'' i lrtation

'But bow has that little one stolen
A march on cmy foolish old heart ?
Arid wvhy, as I tch those bright eyes
Will the quick tear instinctively start ?
Al !. because in.the long ago years,
Ere time mingled mytresses with-gray,
I, too, had a baby as lovely
As the little one over the way.


/ State. The country is settled 'by "white
people.- In all my wanderings in this
wild region I did not meet with a single
colored person.' Sand Point is the most
considerable settlement'on Indian river,
and lies abqiit ten miles south of Auran-
tia. It is very scattered, and the village
does not contain more than thirty or
forty dwellings, and only two stores. A
large post-office and h'bot are now lieing
erected. Th';. first' steamer that ) ever
plied on tir ese waters was anchored in
front of 'this place, and is named the
Pioneer. The water is very low at pres-
ent. Further south we come: to Eau
Gallie, the place where they are building
the Agricultural College and Botanical
Gardens. Tl>i ipl:;-e is also :a new cuttlte-i
meant, and contains only fourteen families.
Why establish the State College at this
place? This question puzzled me for
some time,,but it seems that the climate
of this region i- the- main reason for lo-
cating it here. I had read many stories
of sand-flies, mosquitoes, and numerous
other troublesome insects, but the ,only
insects that annoyed us were the miosqui-
toes, which began operations at nightfall
during the summer. They do not annoy
by day, and are successfully barred out
with nets at night, so that one can sleep
comfortably and undisturbed. These an-
noyances will disappear when the country
gets settled, cleared and drained. The
severe and unusual drought has even vis-
ited this region and extended all over the
south, drying up the Everglades, a thing
unheard of before. I Visited several or-
ange groves along the river. There were
nonfe over five years old, except Dummitt's.
The old trees were remarkably healthy in
spite of the drought, but many young,
orange trees. were killed. The highest
range of the thermometer during my stay
here was ninety-nine degrees, at noon on
the 27th July, and the lowest seventy-one
degrees. Darks clouds loomed up in the
southeast each evening with livid flashes
of lightning, but not a drop of rain fell.
,The uight tare always cool and pleasant,
and blankets are needed. A railroad is -
under construction from Indian river to
the head of navigation on the St. Johns,
and is expected to be finished this year.
Many other things-are projected. Fruit-
growers' associations are formed, and ag-
.ricultural shows are held in some parts of
the State.
So far as my remarks have gone,-the in-
5.'perienced might. jump at the ,Vonebli~Uy
that I had discovered the Gardient orftiE.:n,
and all the good things enumerated could
be had for nothing. This is a mistake
which hundreds have made -and been
doomed, to disappointment. Orange
groves in Florida can only be ehad by
labor and capital, just as apple orchards.
.are obtained in Canada or anywhere else.
.The land must be bought, or obtained by
fulfilling the conditions of the Homestead
Law, cleared and prepared 1;:r cultivation..
Florida is nearly all dense forest, and to
clear some of .the best lands costs from
$'25 to '475 per acre.: Cleared land can be
bought, near settlenients, at -from $5 to
$100 per' acre. Those who have experi-
enced' life in the backwoods of Canada
will unilderstandl what clearing wild land
inFlorida means. Fish and game abound,
but ,they do not jump into the pot any
more than they do elsewhere. Hundreds
of deluded people have rushed to Florida
to escape the Northern winters, spent all
their capital in buying large blocks of
land,'and begun to farm in the fashion
they u1sd to do North, or saw done, or
tried book-farming; and the result has
been.failure-utter failure! They have
not studied the soil and climate, or fol-
lowed the system of culture adopted by
old settlers, and so come to the conclusion
that Florida is the worst place on the con-
tinent, and hurry away as fast as they
can. Another class that go to Florida
are the invalids. Some are too far. gone
with disease, and only find graves in a
strange land. But the majority of con-
sumptives find the balmy, health-giving
climate of Florida the only means of com-
plete recovery. With se eral of this class
of people I have ednversed freely, and
their praise of the climate is unlbounded'
Some came there poor in purse and broken
down in health, and after a few years'
residence the latter has been completely
repaired', and though not absolutely rich,
they enjoy comfortable 'homes, with all
the wealth and luhxry that an orange,
Sgrove-and garden of fruits and vegetables
Lcah give. No wonder such people are
ma~tgul and speak well of Florida. 'The
'skey-lot ing and good-for-nothing.
IW Bte.n go there and; bring back evil
repbor4t#. Florida is no place for them.
' Disappointed politicians and office-seek-
ers sometimes appear in Florida, and
many are still to be found there; but they
are not sonumerous as in the other South-
ern State, Taxes are high-as they are
all over the Union. But Florida is shid
to hayp thelowest rate of taxation in the

Shylock wasa Jew who kept a second-
hand clothing storein Venice. By buy-
Slow and selling for allhe could get,doing
his own cooking by a gas .stove, having :
.no washing done and ever spendiq i
Centhe had accumulated n-umerorurTi-a'"-''m
cats, which he wasn't averse to lending on
collaterals, provided the borrower had no
conscientious scruples against paying
twenty per cent. a month, or such a mat-
ter, for the accommodation.
Antonio was a merchant of Venice, who
had speculated a good deal and owned
canal-boats. He had a bosom friend Bas- q
sanio, who was in love with a rich widow ',
Portia, but having lived a fast life he .
hadn't the ready cash whereby to compete
with his more wealthy rivals. .
"His father, tired of putting up for him,
refused him any more money. "Go to
the ant, thou sluggard!" said the stern
parent. He did; he went to. Ant-onio
and besought him to ante for him. Now,
Antonio, in anticipation of the grassiop-
pers, had invested all he Lad in wheat,
and as soon as his boats that, were laden
with it should arrive, he expected to sell
at a great advance and be fixed. But--
being anxious that hi; friend should have
a stake, he agreed to h:orrow some ducats
for him if his credit, would, permit.'-
The next day he met Shy lock on the
Rialto (which differs from the alto heard
at'concert saloons, not having so much
rye within), and asked a loan of 3,000 du-
cats. Shylock bore no love to Antonio,
nor to any of his tribe, on account of the
scorn they had heaped upon him and his
race..- He dissembled, however, eoi this
occasion, pretended he hadn't the money
by him-would have to. see his brother- ,
in-law. He at length agreed to provide
the 3,000 ducats tor three months, face-
tiously stipulating that Antonio should
sign a bond lit was such a joke !) agree-
inv to forfeit :a pound of flesh (the Jew
could hardly tell it for laughing), to be
cut off whenever he .the Jew) decided,
provided the money was not paid when due
-"so .helliip me gracious !'l Antonio,
fully believing in the success of his wheat
speculation,' and having heard' tiat his
boats were on the way, accepted the con-
ditions and signed the bond. /
-Bassanio took the ducats and proceeded
to lay siege to the heart-and purse-of
the 'rich young widow. He was most
assiduous in his attentions. .He brought
her chewing gum, peppermint drops, &c.,
whenever he came, took her out buggy
riding,, and eicorted: her to the :gardens
Sunday nights. -In the swift delirium of
love the days and ducats sped swifllyv r10
away.. "
Bassanio became the accepted suitor of
Portia, notwithstanudiog his rivals were a

_.' '."

... ""'*-. *** *"'* .

South, and it is yearly -diminishing.
Negro outrages, Ku-Klux an'tf'troubles
bet ween blacks and whites have not yet
disturbed Florida,'nor is there any likeli-
,hood- f their doing. Those who settle
in the State and attend to their own busi-
ness-i'ale not molested,- n' matter what
their religion or politics may be. The
great. drawback at present to Florida is
tHe want of good. quick and' reliable
transportation. This, however, is being
supplied by railway and steamboat con-
panids, and the population is rapidly in-
creasing. More hotel accommodation is
needed for the thousands of Northern
visitors who make Florida their winter
resort. This want has driven many of
them to build winter residences of their
own, Which they occupy from November
till May. The number of visitors annu-
ally, increases, and the bulk oP fruits and
vegetables grown in the State is con-
sumed by them. Milk is not so abundant
as in the North, bOi account' of the poor
breed of cattle, and the want of suitable
pasture; but. many enterprising settlers
-ha-e successtullv'overcome this drawback
by planting Guinea grass and importing
good milch cows, which are' doing very
well." .
On the whole, however, Florida is a
very attractive country for, the 'man of
means, 'the industrious farmer and me-
chanic, the sportsman and the invalid
who cannot stand the rigors of the North-
ern winters.' But those who go there to
settle and buy land, would do well to be
careful, as it is not always that good
titles to the lands can Ie obtained, and
localities that appear on-firsi view to be
good and suitable, often turn out to be
most undesirable. -It, is always easy t.o
buy lands here, as well as elsewhere,-but
no one should be persuaded that they can
sell as easily. They should take nobody's
advice, but look about themselves, and
take time to do it. There are three im-
portant points to consider in selecting a
locality, and which perhaps applies to
every other new country, viz: First,
health b; second, accessibility.; third,adap-
:ation of the land to the purposes for
which it is required-Da'l/c Witneis, Ion-
treai .^

From the white robes and clustering curls,
From that vision of infantine joy,
Oh sadly, so sadly I turn ,
To all I have left of myboy;
To the baby-clothes, yellow with age,
S To the. curls that once lay on his. brow,
To the old-fashioned' cradle-the nest-
So drearily tenantless now.
The first grief comes back to me then,
The longing that can not be told,
For the sight of the dear little face,
For my own darling baby to hold;
And my arms ache with emptiness so
That I feel I am hardly content
S To'wait for the summons to go
The way that my little one went.
And so, for the sake of the joy
That long ago gladdened my heart,
For the light tlat once shown on my way, ,
So quickly, alas to depart;
For the love that I. lore my own darling,
All babies are dearer to-day;
And I think must call on the mother,
S, Of that baby over the way.
--Mary Riley Smith'.

IDA."'-NO. 2. .

---- *

k '-.






opulent, one owning stock in a grass-
hopper exterminator, and the other being
street car conductor on a line that, had
not, yet introduced the patent bell stamp,
and was improving his opportunities. In
the midst of his felicitations he received a
fetter from Antonio, informing him that.
his boats had been lost during a fearful
gale on the Miami canal, and be reduced
to beggary, although he was not one thar
would beg-ary time. He had forfeite.l
his bond to the Jew, and w as only wait-
ing to know what portion of his body
Shylock would prefer to have his pound
of steak from. He urged Bassanio to try
and be present at the funeral, which Avould
be held at the house. Bassanio took the
first train for Venice, filled with remorse.
The temper of Shylock had not been
improved any by his daughter Jessica
running away with a negro minstrel
named Lorenzo, particularly as they car-
ried away a stocking full of ducats, jewels
and Southern railroad bonds. He caused
the arrest of Antonio, positively refusing
to receive anything but the pound of flesh
that had, been forfeited. The case was
brought before a Venetian justice of the
peace for adjudication. Bassanio had.'
made a lucky hit at bunko the night be-
fore, and, offered to. pay Shylock 6,000
ducats instead of 3,000 if he would retire
from the meat business and let Antonio
go. The Jew was obdurate; nothing but'
a pbund of Antonio's flesh, and an out-
side piece at that, would satisfy him. He
produced a butcher knife in court, and be-
gan to whet it bn the stove -hearth, to
show he meant business. The 'Squire had
sent to Padua for learned doctor of laws
(and the laws needed doctoring pretty
badly if they allowed a man to take it
out of a debtor that way) to determine
to case, which was one of considerable in-
terest, especially to Antonio. The learned
doctor pleaded illness, and sent another
ldotor more l-arined than himself, and bet-
ter doctored, whom he recommended.
This'latter, on. his arrival, was admitted.
to:-the court, and on account of his ex-
ceedingly youthful appearance was de-
rided by a lot of'shysters from the police
court, who filled the best seats.
-The case.was a plain .one. The bond
was, produced in court and toll its own
Ftory. Anto:uii,:i c:fessed to it, anod it
was evident that be was liable to leave
that court-room lighter by a pound. The
Earned doctor told Shylock-that he must
be merciful, but Shylo,:-k said he didn't
have to. Then the doctor reminded him
adthal tL-he quality of-meroy was not-strained-
no strainer having been invented at that'
time for anything but new milk. He sai.1
that Antonio must. pay the forfeit it' the'
Jew refused mercy-uo puwel' in Venice
could alter the decree. Shylock eried out
in the' very ecstacy of joy: "A Daniel
come to judgment !i--yea, a very Daniel !"
on account of the striking reverublance
Ibtween the learned doctr and Daniel,
The doctor told Antonio he must bare
Lis breast. Shylock brandished his knife
fiendishly, eaer to carve. He even hada
pair o if scales in the pocket of hiis linen
duster to weigh the flesh with, so perfect
were his arrangements for making the
affair a success. He acknowledged that
he ha4 neglected to have.a surgeon ready,
to stop the bleeding, because it wasn't
S"so nominated in the bond."
Antonio had lost all his money, and hav-
ing seen enough to realize that life with-
out ducats would be,, unendurable, he
calmly prepared for his obsequies.- Ex-
poSiing his woolen undershirt, he bade the
Jew proceed with his carving. He was
about to do so when the. learned doctor
reminded him that the bond did not give
him one jot of blood. If, in securing his
pound of steak, he shed one drop of Cher-
r-r-istian gore, his lands and goods were
confiscated to the State. Then, too, if he
cut less or more than sixteen ounces ex-
act, his life and second-hanril clothes were
forfeited. -
Shylock, seein, that Auntoniowasn't his
meat., offered to take the principal of the
debt and say no more about it, but was
reminded by the learned ,...,ctor that, as.
he had already ret'uied it in open court,
he must,take the forfeiture or nothing,.
Shylock's goods were divided-on the.
spot, one-half going to Antonio, whose
life. was 'ouspirel against, and the ,:.th':-r
half going-toward the extinguishment of
the national debt, which helped materially
in making out the July estimate. Antonio
did not keep his share; he turned it over
to the Jew's dltiuhter, who married the
negro minstrel, enabling him to retire
fr6m the profession with a handsome fare-
well benefit, and set himself up in the
saloon business. "
The learned doctor turned out to be the
charming W\idow Port lia, for whom Bas-
sanio had a mania-mania Portia-who
t had assumed a part to save her lover's
friend and benefactor. Her success great-
.- ly emboldened the champions of women's
V rights, and intensified their demand that

the learned pr.,fessions I be thrown opeln to
the sex. She was wedded to Bassanio,
and lived long and happy, often being
overheard by the neighbors settling knot-
ty points in domestic law out in the back
yard. Of Shylock, only rare and faint
glimpses have been obtained, until he met
with such a masterly reproduction in Law-
rence Barrett.-Fat ('Cotribtlor.


Office in Ledwith's Block, Second Story. Rooms 1 and 2.
1-52-3 -
The undersigned offers his services to the citizens of
Florida as an expert in Budding, Grafting, &c.
Inquire at Colonel Hardee's, ex-Governor Harrison Reed,
and William W. Douglass, Jacksonville, Fla.



A IPRElt HOIE.-Iwill give a building lot, in the
A new town of Rosewood, to any one who will improve'
it. Good Government land can be entered within a half
mile of the depot, and State land bought at $125 per acre.
It is believed that no Government land can be found inlhe
State so accessible. Send for circular. Apply at Waverly
House, Jacksonville, Fla. Address me at Rosewood, Levy
county, Fla. C. B. DIBBLE.
September 24, 1875. I 91-tf-3


purchase State lands or improved places-some with
groves started,

Apply to

City Point, Indian River.

has no superior in the market for pumping water for farm
irrigation purposes. For durability, simplicity, and power,
and in its perfectly self-governing arrangements, it is
without a compeer.
For circulars, &c., address
C. A. SCHOOLEY, Agent,
84-96-3 Jacksonville, Fla:
S Dealers in
Sash, Dtor,..' rnd BiBnd, Bijdd,'r6' HHardware, Stoves and
T... v".:, F P.ni an'd Oils, Li.o:, Steel, Rope,
Have i,.r r.. n .l 1 r..,r and o"rr.pleite stock, lih:n r.I;Il
be sold'at rare prices.-" '
.. .. 5 B 04-3 .


--.-. E E-r. -HUNDRED-AND N -HOUSASN,- -.'-
Three and four years old, ..
Address J. M-. POWERS, Palatka, Fla.


Seasoned Lumber constantly on hand. All orders 'will
be promptly filled. 71-96-3

A1n s.In i-GEnTrn.aL- Oit'.:t 1
T. UL ,_ al-F., Fli-,r.ln M y '. Iir {
Sealed Proposals will be received at this office, jmnt
INovember 1, 1875, for the Labor of all the ConvictI, to-
gether with the use of the Farm, Workshops and Uteisils,
at the State Prison of Florida, at Chattahoochee, for the
term of five years from date of contract. The average
number of convicts to be employed will be about eihty.
The Farm~consists of thirteen hundred acres of land~two
hundred .acres of which are now under cultivation A
creek, affording a large water power, runs through the
Farm near the Prison. Farther particulars may bh ob-
tained by addressing the Warden, at Chattahoochi, or
myself, at this office. Proposals must be sealed, addressed
to the Adjutant-General of the State of Florida and marked
73-1-." -1 .\.jj-hra tt.: ,r.

These are ..auit. u,:.l" t', : PU'RE TINTED BODY
PAI. NTS, nil -.rii ia. rt ,ii. r. .--I :.: i-anI. :uri'r.-- a
; 1..:..;k i; ".Uilf b,: I .., rt_,,- ,J'.aoIi .', 0f U Ji LtnEr,:.irrr
They. ae put up in 1-gallon cans, iril ,&.. i.'- L!,ra .-i-
c6ver'224 square feet of wood surface.
I will select, if desired, such'shades as will present tasty
and appropriate contrasts for the body and trimmingsof
the building .. .
These colors have ".G-.-a fll,' i :i- I.-,n-orr the past eigit "
"year, and are thorougmiy analgamnana-al combined wth
only -PURE LINSEEDOIL; and in the combination such un-
terials are used as prevents separation or sediment, aid
preserves the oil in its natural condition, enabling tie
paint to retain itsorginal freshness and beauty.
Allthe standard White Leads and Colors, dry and ii
oils; Raw and Boiled Oils; Paint-brushes &c, &calwap
on hand. CHAS. A;. AICRHILD, /
'! 1 _' ,IT.,..r L E 1.L L ji ,

'Situated in Marion county, the garden of Florida, on tfie,
..- ha f J 1'17' ;ii!.- i ': ., rh>: D'n lar l i h.,: .: ":,1 [lr,. .m.r. '
,. I r .. ,-r ,.'.i I. ,' I iic 1 ii.:.1 r .. ; o rn i ; .: ; r :. n r i.t ; ... .
:-A:r.-I tn..f '61-- r L-:-' riu-:, on reasonable terms., 4--
l,,n or,:,r ,: h ,:,.'] I' rll ','ni -- by ..
.," L.' JOHN F.DUN, '
8-133-3 Ocala. 1B'rida

tion to lay outtgroundsin iti' r, :i-. L'... -"'" I '"i .
sonville or country (inthe finest -i:. ', I'I I.L-. -
tion in the South to plant out uLopl i t-. ],1it.:
frost line. Address
87-91-3' Care o/ editor A..,-'uRIST.
SU7-REE to applicants, m1 Wholes -d- Bulb Caix-
' logues. Four cataloguiies (the st) free,st.free, 20cent
F. K. PHOENiX, Bloomington Nursery, 8. -. 3-9,3


SAll .:',. .r t'I.:.l I r:.mpti ir.l .rli lFp'aC:hl. Sati ',':r;n guarutcl ,
P-_t...:.rl.:.:-L.....: E'..; 4 L. W ARROCIK. No. 4 W est Bay. S lreet ,
,51.;,.1i.i Jacksonv -ile, Ia.


D--,,k-r- iu Choie Failiy Groceres. ProiaiosCC tofe.to_,,",. Ftl T.:iba.i:,o, Ci,.-,, -.
O. Ir--l i.r..i 'o.i f I will be --dir ti ,verylo .,rait -' -q v. .- -
-- m mm 4iU mb r m" m m

.. 0. "r" .
-----HU SSEY--- E:LL i

L E A, I KRS O V-. .-- -LLE. FLA -.. .. *: -'- "Z

',li'ih-I (-.'.,.*; *._:'rr Iy mail or n.r.-:- to arny part of the tat.




Cultivated and for sale by

Send for catalogue.

Jacksonville, Fla.

And dealer in
Store, Range and Steamboat Coal, &c.

Sole agent for Florida for Averill's Chemical Paint, and
White's Patent'Money-drawer.

Agent for
Van Brunt & Bro.'s line Sailing Packets from NEW YOK.
Known as


Containing ten acres with bearing trees, on Bridge Street
and St. Sebastian river, directlyy back of Senator1 Gil-
bert's. A fine location forPine or more residences.
Jacksonville, Fla.

in Jacksonville, for sale. ..

The undersigned, proposing to' removei'o his pla.nta-
tion up the river, will sell bi, reidenee'in this city,

with.mansard roof; with furniture complete if desired.
Jacksonville, Fla.

In his absence apply to J. C. GREELEY.



WT ouLr rfor El.- our tCl.:. k -1
and ,.Ii.-r mail fruir plarrs. cheap, and in ar:tiis'-sp:.-
(.i .lly adapted t.) t1i Sowu ,in ,: -. n ,'
Sei-d f..r fri-n.e l- i .Al rr.:
51-102:-3 Tali.aba:-c. Fla.
11i6 th.e irgst eliock o '
embracing Haidwar... S'tov-s, Cr.,ckrrr. Saddlery, Doors
SashEnd Blind-, Paint-,s O iand Gluas
Plumbing, Ga.s-.ltrin =-d Ro.:.ring Done to Order
53-104-3k --
WIolRale andi read dealers in
Mtui-'lu;ro Nei.s and Fixtures: Black Walnut i.' JL.
and White Pine Liamr. ..
Sulsr-,'ome Bay stre-.t, itrner of Lars (up staira)

Orders from n~,- counir wil b'6allJed prmnptjy at very
5-104 lowest rates.
53-104-3 ** -* .*


2,000 Three-year old Orun'e TrLe,
16,000 Two-year old O)raog Trei-
100,000"Strawberr, Plant-, Wilson's Albar" lari.et
Fur t-rmF apply to .
r71-t Al, siats.OL lce.
.Wholesale and retail '
k ,al-l.: r. r u -r Savar, nuh a nd Cnarni-lt,n
.. NOpric.m
:5 -1,:-'I .*-

Watches, Clocks and Jewelry repaired and, warranted.
Sole' agent for the celebrated Bahamian Shell-work.
Constantly on hand'a full line of Alligator Teeth, Sea
Beans, Coral, Sea Shells, Pink Curlew Wings, Egret Plumes,
Orange and Palmetto Canes, &c., &c. .r A.
065-0-3 JACKsoxvILr, FiuA.



I -..


. .. -




- />-'





A ll letters on business should be addressed to CHAS. H.
WALTO & Co., Publishers, and all matters connected
with the Editorial I1partment to Editor FLoRnD AOAut-
CULTunmST, Jacksonville, Fla.

-Three Dollars a Year, in advance; Single
.. lCopies, Ten Cents.

I n Clunbs of 6 at........................$2.50
In nClubs of 15. at............... ... 2.25.
And a Co.py to the getter-up Of the Club.
Subscriptions should be sent, by draft, post-office
money-order, or registered letter, otherwise the Publish-
.erewi, not be responsible in case of'loss.

On s t page, .Each insertion, per line (nonpareil), 6
cents: o 5'tn page, 5 centi; on other pages (except .1st
and th. .3 t.-nate. Special notices, on 5th page, per line,
15 cer't.
Vf* TwLv'e Lnes measure one inch.
.lui r mune words average a line after the first line,
which naully contains only four or five words.
Reading matter notices, in solid minion, 20 cents per
S ne.
QUiaIl.-riy, half yearly and yearly advertisers will be
'lowed special rates, on application. .
. Advcrtiements, in order to secure insertion, must be
ent in by Mondayof each week.
Address, CHAS. H. WALTON & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.


Ej Atij relsthg to any topic .-itinn the ,':op of thbA
f*faper'afe sobckled.
We cannot puaomse to return rejected maunusripi-
WAU,.ommnicatlions intended for pulUcation m.-' be
.accompanied iath real name, ss a narantDI of good
faith. Names will not be published if objection bv made.
No anonymous oontribtions txill be repardol


.CHAS. .. H ALTON & CO., Pkoprietors.
S'C. pbDRIINGTON, Business Agent.
Q wiCEb Ocean street, two doors from Bay.

C. CODRINGTON. Editor..,


* BACK NUMBERs.-A correspondent wishes the
first fifty-six numbers of the AGRICULTURIST. Is.
wil-ling.to pay $5.60 for them. Aby one having
- them to dispose of can inform us. .---

GUA'vAs.-Dr. W. W. Hicks informs us that be
can supply 10,000 bushels of guavas fit for mak-
ing jelly, at his place near Biscayne bay, at 25
cents per- bushel. Guavas grow there Without
care or cultivation. '


' Colonel Dancy has presented -us with some
very fine pear guavas with a pink pulp, and some
limes from his place at Orange Mills, on the
St. Johns'. The Colonel also brought down some
guava jelly and marmalade, both of excellent
quality. He expects to make 150 dozen half-pint
tumblers of the jelly this season. He reports his
oaunge crop this year as very good.


The flock of 200 merino-sheep, lately brought
here, were for Messrs. J. W. Howry & Co., of
Lake Beresford. They were furnished and de-
livered by Mr. 0. W. Parcells,'.,f Flint, Michi-
gan, and were-picked out by him from the flocks
qf Messrs. G. W. Penny and Keller, of Newark,
SOhio, and are bred from theobriginal Hafimond-
stock, of Yermoit. Mr. Parcells expects to have
orders tTdr more shortly, from this State. We
hope this enterprise -will be-:followed by others,
S as we have full faith in ,hbeep raisiug here. The
chief thing to guard against is the foot-rot, and
this can be done by penning them in the nights
on a dry place. Should any show symptoms of
lameness, a little butter of 'antimony is the best.
thing to press it with, rubbing a little between
the hoof. -

There is hardly a paper we take up that does
not report some serious accident, from the use
of kerosene oil. The suifferers, in most cases, are
women and children. How can we prevent
these appalling acciJents We qake laws to
protect them in person and property, but no one
appears to take this matter into consideration.
Why should not a.law be passedpreventing the
sa le of the crude oil ? Every dealer -in kerosene
should be compelled to take out a license for tbe
sale ul only the refined and rnon-explosive article;
and no oiher hliould be allo4,ed to be sold. The
/ license need not be placed at a high figure, but
the parties taking them out should find security
to sell no other -article but which is i.?ned.
An inspector of oil would know who are -elling
it, and be able to inspect the quality from time
o time. We .woald-have tu, pay more than we
do at present for our- oil;, ui we wouldd g't a
good article, and what man, with a particle o
manhood in him, would not rather pay the extra
gr price, arnd insure tee'safety of his beloved ones?
L Tee license fees would be sufficient. to pay the
Inspectors of oil, and it would be no cost to the
'Stte. There are thousands of cases in which
A There are thous

-~ ,~-' L

people have been injured in the country parts, of
which we never hear; those that are brought to
our notice take place in cities and towns. Not
only is life endangered, but the destruction to
property is immense, from the use of crude pe-

,The first number of this work was received
on the 15th inst. The work is neatly executed,
and the contents, from such writers as Dr. Bald-
win, and Messrs. Mason and Du Pont, cannot
fail of being attractive. This is a monthly work,
edited -by ex-Governor H. Reed,- and ik devoted'
to developing the resources of, the State, and
furnishing useful'information about it.

If there is. thing more gratifying to us than
a;y other, it is the favor with which our paper
has been received by the ladies both North and
South'. We get innumerable letters of commen-
dation anid appreciation, but hitherto few have
written for us. We are, therefore, much pleased
at opening a column-of our paper to the letter of
" Dame Durden," and hope that she will not only
continue to instruct our housewives, but that her
example will be followed by others. There are,
unfortunately, too many Mrs. Jellabys ;" we re-
quire more "Dame Durdens," whose aim it is to
make home happy; and to do this requires tact,
industry, and neatness about'a house. Few men
can be kept down to bacon and hominy, day after
day, while our soil can produce vegetables of all
kinds that can be cooked in a variety of ways,
and be made palatable. A well-fed man is good
natured and domestic, and vice versa. It is,
therefore, not only the duty, but the policy of
every house-keeper to make the best of every-
thing. New settlers are put to great straits in
most cases to make. both ends meet, but a good
wife is a helpmate indeed. It is wonderful
what nice dishes some women can turn out from
mere nothing, while others may have the finest
ingredients and not know what to do with them,
leadingitheir lords to make unfavorable compari-
sons. Now that "Dame Durden" has broken the'
ice we hope to see others follow her good exam-
ple, and give us the result of their experience.


Mr. D. S. Place, formerly secretary of the
Nassau Agricultural Society, has removed to
.lacKonville, aundjoined Mr. Bidwell in the nur-
sery business. They have taken a lot in town,
corner of Ocean and Adams streets, on which
they are erecting a hot-house for the sale of their
plants during the winter season.
An addition is being made to the Allen-place'
of a biiildiug 100feet long by,49 wide.
Mr. J. M. Davis, of New York, has been down,
here making contracts for a supply of palmetto
leaves, of .which they will probably require 300"
tons per month. .
A considerable quantity of bananas have been
Produced at Mrs.A. Mitchell's place this summer.-
This does away with the impre-.sion that brnana-,
culture cannot be made profitable so far' north.
Messrs. T. A.'Rogers& Co. have removed their
business. to Bay street, next door to -essrs. Wil-
son & Whitlock. Mr. C. B. Rogers, a member of
the firm, returned from the North last week.

ALTON, Ill., September 7,1875.
ED. AGItICULTURIST: You write your readers.
to make suggestions concerning baskets in'which
to ship oranges North. You certainly are on the
right track. Baskets have very many advantages
over boxes for shipping fruit. They are easier
to pack, the fruit carries better and will sell for
more money than the same amount and quality
of fruit in boxes. You suggest half-bushel bas-
kets. Our experience here with peachIs, pears,
and other fruit is, that the smaller the package
the more do we obtain for our fruit. Some think
this is owing to deception, but such is not the
case. We find, for instance, in peaches, one peck
is about as much as an ordinary family in the
city wishes to-use, and a purchaser will -prefer a
one-pecl basket of peaches at $1, to one holding
'a half bushel at $1.50, for the reason that the
small basket furnishes really as much fruit .s is.
required. We have found .the peck-basket to
suit our purpose better than any other size, and
I think it would answer your purpose better than
a larger basket. If the peck-basket will suit-you,
you can get them very cheap by purchasing the
material already prepared here at the mills, and
nailing them up in your city. Our baskets are
made out of red elm,'which is the best timber
for that purpose. They consist of three pieces
of vanier, one-sixteenth of an inch in thickness,
and three ioops, made of s-iwed timber, three-
fourths of an inch wide and ,.re-fourt of an inch
thick. This material you^ould puarhase from
the Cailo Box and Basket Company, andi Live
the same shipped by waier, via New Orl'rans, so
tbat it would not cost very munch. The material
t h to be steamed before being made up,und has
to be made uponw iron i.:irms, ,o that it is not adJ-
[ visable-ltr e-very cne to tbiin- of making up his
on n, but if ,omte one in Jacksonville would '.)
into ithe buiunes, I think it would pay. We. buy
e the baskets'h.ere, made tip, for 6 cents eacti.
Large lots uan be got for less. I do not know,
S .bauthink the imiuteiil can be bought fr 3 ceast
a at the factory. T c n seties w- put i, sL.r te-
f of two to ti Clae, mnade up J Uas t,. pit.e.t the
'- fruit and allow of rapid ic.1 eaisy lindJng; .,ad
this allows them to-be 'piled oni top of one an:
other, so that there 'is no danger of injuring the
e fruit. A crate of this kind costs, here, ready-mad6e,
e 6 cents, so that the packages for packing half a
-bushel of fruit costs 21 cent&_ This is allowing

3 cents for tarlatan, a thin stuff of proper .color
for the fruit, which is sewed over the fruit. It
adds to the appearance, and' holds it in place.
Any more information that I'can give you on
this subject will be cheerfully given.
I am glad to see that you propose getting up a
pamphlet regarding Florida, and I will look for
'its appearance with much interest.
Among the questions you ask is one of great
interest to me. (Are bees being raised with you,
and with what result?) It has been asked in your
paper by others intending to go to Florida, but
as yet I have seen no intelligent answer, and I
believe there is no improved-bee-keeper in your
State ; or, if there is, he hides his light. Now, I
believe Florida is a good honey-land, for these
reasons: Cuba honey is an article of commerce.
Florida is a country somewhat similar, hence it
is likely that bees would do similarly well. I
notice in your market report honey 90 cents to
$1 per gallon, which is 7 to 8 cents a pound-
very cheap. To be so low in price it must be,
plentiful, or very poor in quality. I think prob-
ably a little of both. I suppose this is honey
from the wdods, or 61d-fashioned gums; obtained
by killing (murdering) the bees with brimstone,
and then pressing out the honey from the comb.
This is a barbarous and very wasteful way, and
if honey and wax can be obtained by such
methods, in such quantities as to make them
items of trade worthy of quotation in market re-
ports, I conclude Florida is a land rich-in honey;
and .100 stands of' bees, industriously handled
will make an income that will keep an ordinary
family in handsome style. I keep from twenty,
to thirty stands, which yield me from $100. to
'$400 a year, while my neighbors, following the
methods of old, get nothing, and say this is a bad
country fdr bees. -
If you cati answer me a few questions, by let-
ter or through the AGRICULTURIST, -I will deem
it a great favor. Have you any acquaintance
with the island of Key West? Is its soil good
for' horticultural pursuits, and at what prices is.
land held there? Are there any persons engaged
there in fruit-growing, and.could you give me
the names of some of them? Respectfully,
E. A.R.

CLAY SPRINrs, Orange Co., Fla.,
September 10, 1875. ,
'ED. AGRICULTURIST : I have a nursery of 800'
sweet orange seedlings sixteen months' old. I,
*rea-sured one of'the tallest this mqrning, and it
is', six feet eleven inches high.. It is a straight
-stem tied un to a stake without branches, and is
.;iill growing rapidly. When about ten inches
high I removed them from the boxes, and trans-
planted them out, three by four feet, putting a
'handful of home-made compost to each one. In
the eat ly spring I put a double-handful more of
the sauie, removing about an inch of the soil'
from around the r eots in a circle inot putting it_
nearer than within three inches of the bodies),
and drew the earth back over it. I have kept
them entirely free from piass, and work them
once, a week with a pronged hoe, stirring the soil
well around the roots. Soil-high pine land,-.
originally poor black-jack, bas been cultivated
about fivbyears, and somewhat improved by pre-
Svious fertilizing. Respectfully, J. McQ. A.

C,:on'troN, Lee county,Ill., August 1, 1875 ,
'ED. AoRICULIURiST. I do not know as I have
been a,'paying passenger long 'enough to ask' a
fpee ride; but you seem so willing to give informa-
tion, to those seeking homes, concerning your
State, its resources, advantages; &e.; that for the
benefit of myself and numerous. others I submit
the following questions, which please 'answer
through the columns of your valuable paper :
1. In reading ex-Alabamian's article in your
issue of July 24th, he speaks of the "Manatee
and the Kissimmee prairies." In what portion
of the State are these prairies situated? 2. What
is the soil? 3. Could grain, such as wheat, oats,
and corn, be grown on these lands? 4. Are
they plentifully watered and suitable for, stock-
raising, as we raise it here in the West ? 5. Are
'these Government lands subject to entry to ac-
tial settlers, ,.o these prairies? 6. How deep
would a, per-n have to go to get pure water?
7. Ate these lands adapted to fruit and vegeta-
ble raising 8. Is there timber connected with
the praili; ; if so, what is the quality? 9. How
far from market 'are these lands situated ? 10.
To what portionof the S.ite would youa advise a
part wih $1,500 capital to go? 11. Could a
:,,,i', ;..penter get work through the winter in.
.Juck-.nville. I shall either go West or to Flor-
ida iis fall.
Hoping you will pardon the numerous ques-'
tionis or that you will answer as soon as conve-
nient, I am yours respectfully, R. N..
1. In the southern part of the State, extending
front the head of the Kissimmee river southward
for .00 miles or more, or to Lake Okeechobee.,
By referring to a township map of the State you'
carL correctly locate them.
2 D.irk and gray sand, well mixed with vege-
t, lae maler.
;. It suitably drained, oats and corn could no
ddsbt be raised, but not adapted t' wheat.
Yes. 'The (ittle-men in that section ,u.nt.o
thir herds by tie thousand, and as there is
ahundant pisturage 1he year rmind, of course
cetle can be- raised much cheaper than in the
f5. Yes. Most of the land, however, belongs
Itoue State, and can be bought cheap, but, at
wiat prices we dJo not know. "
I. Fron,men to fifteen feet. '
'. The capacity of .tlese prairies for friit and
vegetable raising has never been tested. The
fay i-ttleit thbre-excluosivly stock-men-live
,,'pine rilges, which, with occasionally a few
arcs in a hige hammock, is the only landJ ur.
d~r cultivation. The iml:,er in these hammocks
is. mssiv !,rrd ,1ood, Iby which we mean live
okt, Lib.kry, red bay, &,:.
9. F inm seventyfive miles and:l upwards, south
of Lakes Monroe and 1essup, their nearest
po.iust. t. stenaiboat navigation.
10. Wesar IQ oasge in.' f fruit culture, we
wiuld most srong,,Tv advise Indian river. With
1,51.50 casbcapital ,.,ie ,:ould. realize a handsome
in:iome in a'.ew yeats, with hair' work and
- economy throat in Met, are now realizing an
n inome of from $50) to $1 000) per y.ar who



i. -

S s, .. .. .- ^ S


2" -.. .



started with less than one-third of that aount,
less than six years ago.
11. Editorwill rpply. ,
A few words regarding the Kissimmee prai-
ries, and, in fact, all the prairie land of South
Florida. Mr. Norris, having the Illinois and
Western prairies to judge from, has, no doubt,
formed a very erroneous opinion concerning
them. They are only like the Illinois prairies
in one particular, that is, being vast:savannas,
extending at far as the eye can reach; but, while ,
the Western prairies are, more or less, rolling,
these are almost a,dead level. Again:, The
water-oourses through the Western prairies are
from 40 to 100 feet below the level-of the prairie,
thus affording good drainage, while :here the
water-courses are scarcely ten feet below; hence
the drainage is very slow, and, as ita consequence,
in a wet time one can ride in w:iier from six in-'
ches to three feet deep in all ,liteciion- It is
pre-eminently a stock range, and id suitable for
nothing else-but for that the best in the world
probably. A complete system of drainage would
,make this, no doubt, one of the finest bodies of
land in' the world for sugar-cane and bananas,
but would be very costly, and is too far in the
future even to think of now. The pine lands,
forming the divides, 'as a WesierI man would
say, between water-courses, is high ard very
healthy, as is well proven in the tact that the
cattle-men, living on these for years, havejraised
large families, and never seen the shadow of an
M. D. darken their doorways.
Very respectfully, EX-ALABAMIAN.

M/ ANDARIN, September 14; 1875.'
, ED. AGRICULTURIST: We were surprised to
see your correspondent, J. W. G.,'" stating that
Mrs. Stowe continued to publish letters at:the
North on the sickly, debilitating, long summers
of her adopted State. Truly, she is right; and,
as a matter of honesty, we must not conceal.
faults, and so will not deny that the interior of
Florida is malarious in summer. ,We are well'
acquainted with Mrs. Stowe andfamily, and she
should have taken;our case for an instance of
healthful living in summer, as my family con-
sists of six persons, and have'lived in the same
place for just five years, without having been
caught in the country fever. Of course she may
not know what fever-proof'ways are, and so I
will give you simple, but true prescriptions 1.,
A plenty of sunlight in every part of the house.
2. Never plant Lig trees nearer than thirty-feet
fromthe house. 3. The foundation of the house
ought not'to be less than two feet high, so as to
admit free ventilation under it. 4. Clear noxious
. weeds around the house. 5. Build a fire when
too cool or damp, especially in heavy and long.
storms. 6. A dwelling-house must be tight.-built .
as'in the North, with plenty of windows and
doors. 7. Keep the doors cleaned and scrubbed
every week. 8. C"loe the chamber windows in
-night, unless. sultry. 0. Never go far with
empty stomach early in morning. 10. Select a
pine land for permanent residence. 11. Don't
work out doors at hot noons.- 12. Cover de-,
Scomposing or stinking manures with dirt. As
operate in fruit-eating, otherwise it would bring
. summer complaints a tin the Nortii. TrifyherE ,'
take colds, and have rheumatic attacks as easily
f=as anywhere; but proper remedies and warm
days cure them soon. The old saying is, take care
Sof your health." As to debilitating, it is.no more'.
so than "J. W. G.," who feels it in the morn-,
ing, after hot days in Provide.nce. R. I., but soon
smart; and it was also our -experience in Boston.
A change of air, or going to the beach, is benefl-'
cial. Our Mayport is destined to be a second
Newport. '
Mrs. Stowe has resided longer in Florida than
anywhere-from the first week of last November
to June 1st, and her daughters to July 1sat, and,
they all left here well. The days of Florida sum-
mers are healthy indeed, and not hotter than in
the North-generally pleasant.
Myself-was: never at out-ddor work before I
came here. My trades were type-setting and
scroll-sawing, and'thehefdre came here with lady-
like hands, having no physical strength.' I have
p since worked in the sun through the worst parts
of the years, and am never sick, though I'have'
a hereditary scrofula in my blood, and always.'
live on "hog'and hominy." : -:
The real malarial hours are only between
after, dark and sun rising, especially after mid-
night, and so the sleepers. must be careful
about their windows. The natives, generally,
don't know what a comfortable homq is, and, are
careless of their health; and so are many North-
ernersin Florida, who do not use the above pre-
cautions. The worst places for health in', aum. /
mer are hammrock lands, along the rivers, and
swamps. Mrs.-Stowe's is on the hammock land,
and.thickly shaded with oak and orange trees-of,
course unfit to reside on through summers.; The
malarial months are July, August, and Septemo :..,.
ber. We never keep any fever medicine on hand.:
I agree.heartily with you that whiskey-drinking
in the morning to prevent the fever is a 'humbug,,
and your recommending, coffee instead of it's
'real wisdom. It is also' excellent for dyspepsia
and liver complaint. Whiskey-drinkers would
make an old:excuse by telling that doctors or-
dered it. Such doctors are incendiaries. But I
believe- in strong liquors as medicine. For in'-'
stance's, hard whiskey.diinking is the best anti-
dote, with spirits of hartshorn, as an outside ap-
plication, for'inake bites; and hot gin, sweetened,
is the quickest lemedy lor diarrhea. Whiskey
is our old remedy.- .;. -
It is a foolhardy custom ih Florida to build a
kitchen separated many feet from the house,
and ithy have to so out to each building in all
weathers,; and it is common to see more or less
sickness in a family. It is what they call sickly
"'Fl.:>drt,r but anuthet generation will make Flor-'
ida the m:,ot healiblul in the Union the year
I have written enough about thte Florida sum-
mers, hoping to satisfy J. W, G.," And others
who may have been deterred from coming here
on that account.
Again, I endorse your brave editorial urging
Scuppe.rnong wine-making on-a.large scale, so as
to drive out the fire-water. The teetotalers are
narrow-minded andold-fogy folks, anod'their ex-
treme tactics proved a failure, as they were badly
crushed out in Massachusetts and everywhere, .
and so the whiskey rings are saucy and powerful
indeed. No other ta tic than'good wine-making I
.on the large 't possible scale, and cheap, will help C
greatly to check the strong liquor epidemic'.t'
-, a





" is a question of time, and for Florida farmers to
consider seriously. Am amply satisfied that the
Scuppernong vines will grow well in any soil
everywhere in Florida-with good cultivation
and underdrainage. In East Florida they are al-
most blind to orange groves exclusively; as a
matter of prudence and profit, I urge them all,'
especially permanent-residing farmers, to grow
vines, as they are never-failing crops and as old
as orange trees, and both kings, as to profit.
Strangely enough, the teetotalers and anti-dan-
cers are old-fogy' theorists, while there are a
plenty of pro-wine and dancing-verses in the
I agree with friend "MM: C.," that good grass is
the true' corner-stone of farming,' arid the Cod-
ringlon Guinea grass proves yet the best for this
country, and'so vd look to 'the orange, Scupper-
nong, and grass as the future glorious crops of
Florida. W. K. C.
.W. K. C. lives within three miles of Mrs.

The society met on Saturday last at 10 A. M.,
Vice-President Jamison in the chair.
The secretary -being absent, "the reading of
the minutes was 'dispensed with, and Mr. Place
was appointed Secretary pro tern.
On motion of Mr. Adams, the Finance Com-
mittee was requested to make, at the next meet-
ing, a full and complete report of all accounts
pertaining to the late fair.
Mr. Adams, representing committee on Fair,
Grounds, said he had no written report ready,'
but would present one in shape" at the next
meeting. Quite an interesting discussion was
entered into on the subject. -
A .number of locations were suggested. Mr.
Adams said there would be other propositions
and locations .presented at our next meeting,
and moved, therefore, that the society prepare'
articles of incorporation, in order that we may
obtain legal title to such lands and property as
may be desirable for the holding of our county
fairs, and that will be suitable for'the holding.
of the State fair, whenever that organization
chooses to-locate their fair at our city. The
motion was carried unanimously, and Mr.'Adams
volunteered: to prepare the papers for the next
Messrs. L. Klee and J. E. Hont were elected
.to membership.
Mr.-Codrington moved that hereafter all ap-
plications for membership be accompanied by a
fee of $1, which will be returned if applicant be
rejected; also, that the applicant shall sign the
constitution before he becomes an active mem-
ber of the society.
Mr. Codrington was appointed to prepare an
essay on the subject of "Pickles," for the next
meeting. -, : ,
On motion of Mr. Adams, the sboiety ad-
journed to meet again next Saturday, when the .
subject of fair-grounds *ill be fully discussed.
S. S. PLACE, Secretary pro t rn.

SmIDDLEBURo, Fla., Sept. 14, 1875.
Efi' AORfutc-iT1RIsT: I have beefi looking
over notices of various plans to ship our South-
ern produce to Northern markets in midwinter,
and I would like to give my views along with
others. I think that nothing is easier in shipping
produce by the,cars North, than placing a coal
stove in .each box, running the pipe the length
of the car and out at the other end. Then place
a thermometer' in each box, .and as soon as the
car has gone far enough North to bring the ther-
mometer-to forty-five degrees, build a fre in the
stove and keepthe carat about forty-tire dt-
greesn uktil it+- reaches : its destination. ,-If the
weather is too.cold, keep up the heat' and sell. di-
rect from the car, or waft for a warm day. .Byj
this means each car can be kept warm, and any-
thing we raise here can be sent to any Northern
market at less cost than hot-house fruits up
North. And, as you belong to a society that
should work for the good of Florida, I just drop
you this-idea to be digested at your leisure, and
if worthy of notice, hope it will be of benefit to
gardeners who find so little, encouragement in
their vocation in Florida. Yours truly,
'. .-- .,. ,. ; G.R F.


ED. AGRICTTURIST: Do -you. intend your
paper for men only; or will you allow a wo-
man's views of matters and things to grace your
columns? I hate -no intention of giving any
"estimates" of anything, but only to offei a sug-
gestion. Farmers, in a new country, get no end
of sympathy, but there is little wasted on their
wives. I rise to protest. They need both sym-
pathy and counsel. I know there are many
more who need help, as I did, and do still, in
learning how to live upon little in the woods.
Ahvbodyv can makedan-orange grove. All you
have to do is to put your trees in the ground,
and then take care of tnem-this, abter.you have
decided which of the ninety-nine" best" methods
you are going to follow. After that it is plain
sailing. But consider for a moment a woman's
work. Given potatoes, beans, cow-peas, rice,
flour, and.a few more things, and required three
meals a day',.o prepared and in such .-yariety
that' her [amnldy can relish the '-food pt. before
them." Easy enough, do you say?' Try,it for
a few weeks and see; that's all. Here co(6e ih a
suggestion to that -" noble band of martyr-
ycelped housr ieeper would not take ad
to wrie out 'recip .i',, occasfonatll d
send to the AoRruc tiRnisT ,Where the v.' ,r-
sons who need th1em will bfind.them If I have
a good way of gbeas, Wwr iet, u x..D el9
how yo'u do it, f.iTh' earth t so me
one puzzling ovce'_yhe"-Irconundrum, '" What
.i'!, I have f6iv'ainer For a beginning, let-
me give a coulit'e'.:o.Iec.pe, hbi, h I know to be
good: f -. ." -
Cm;,1w.-tne pint of shelled pe-, -one.
fourth poundftl lr lea~s gp.od. pork; n and a
h:blI ,up5s rice; sal( to bhe taste. Put the peas
and bacon in cold' water;.6cook three quarters ot
an hour; take-out.bhe piri,; 'c'o1 t te lrquor wilh
cold water, and-pu.imn. ri'e. Wtien ibe rice is
done, drain and- ptl.ina'pan, with the poik on
top, and brow n n the oven,
-,.,ipV'. rger'read 11'-Tw.':- tabl.tlpoi:nsful of I

shortening (any kind); two tablespoonsful of hot
water; put these in a cup, and fill the cup with
molasses; one teaspoonful of soda dissolved in
hot water; one teaspoonful of salt; one teaspoon-
ful of ginger, or cinnamon.; flout enough to roll
out in a sheet; bake in A bread-pan. This is good
warm, and is quickly made.

LAKE WORTH, Fla., August 30, 1875.
Esi.' AGRicuLTURisT: Allow a word or two
from this section of the State on the banana,
based upon what I see, not what I have done
myself, except in part. Our best banana land,
much of it, requires little or no draining, and can
be cleared at an .expense of from.$5 to $10 per
acre, and some of it requires only plowing, and'
hardly that; in fact, some parties are successfully
raising the banana here who put in the sucker
with no other preparation than first pulling the
morning glory vines off from the ground. Seed
plants can be obtained at from 5 to 10 cents, ac-
cording to quantity, and most varieties fruit here
within about twelve months, one -only requiring
eighteen; and all with whom I have conversed
in this portion of the State, who are engaged in
its culture on, our rich marl lands, claim to be
more successful in planting five feet apart than
ten, which would give about 1,500 plants per
acre; although from what I have seen Ishould
prefer planting not more than' 1,000 per acre of
the large varieties, the dwarf might bear to be
nearer-still I intend to plant them the same.
After the first year they yield three or four
bunches per plant, averaging 100 balhanas per
bunch, and sell on the ground for a cent apiece;
but if a person only nets 50 cents per bunch, still
it yields an enormous'return for the outlay and
labor. A company, such as Mr. Klee proposed
to organize, would pay immensely here.
We have suffered very little with drought, and
rain is now very abundant. To-morrow will be
the last day of summer, and I have not seen the
thermometer over ninety but once; then I think it
was ninety-two, possibly ninety-four, but not
over. Not a sultry day, and although the nights
are generally calm, yet always cool. From the
letters which pour in upon me we can count
upon a large increase .of population this fall.
By 'the way, has your plan of sending.over to the
West Indies for fruit trees and plants been given
up? I see no notice of .it in your paper. It
should not fail. Yours, &c., M. C. D.
--- ,
August 23.-One of. the most difficult things
for the new settler, or any one else, in fact, to
get here, is shingles. We have just passed the
best part of three .weeks in a cypress swamp,
near the head of the river, engaged in this most
delightful (?) occupation, and ,we, can truly say
that three weeks of harder work has never been
crowded in our rather eventful life. Asit .was a
business entire" new to us, and as we saw a sec-
tion of country' that we had never visited before,
perhaps a brief description may prove interest-
-i-g to ,ur readers.
A stiff southeast breeze carried us to thb'head
of the river on the third day of August, when we
lowered sail and poled our boat for a mile or
more up Turnibull reek, and reached oar landing
while the sun was yet an hour' high. Now we
had never been to this cypress swamp to get-
shingles, nor had any-one else as far as we knew,
especially by the route we were going, and we
were depending entirely upon hiformaiion from
other parties who bad heard others saythere'was
a cypiess.swamp somewhere up there, found,
perhaps, bygsome adventurous person in search
of wild orange'groves. But we had the general
direction; so tajpa- what baggage we couldlcarry
on our backs we"started ou., and plhoged into
the hammock that lay to the westward of us, and
extended north and south for goodness knows
how far. We.soon reached a wagon road of the
Swift Brothers, ut for hauling live oak stocks,
then others on everer side and running in every
direction, torevery tree cut had to have its own
road to carry off the'stock. In fact such a netr
work of roads, added to the fact that it was,
cloudy, smewhat'contused ue s a to the proper
direction t take, and then we had left our pi-cket
compass behind. An important fact of wood-
craft, learned loig yeai s ago, that the moss grows
low down oi ihOe north side of forest trees,. gave
us the right directiou however, and ere long we
reached one ,-f ihe wi ftBrothers' main roads that
we knew triL1t run up anl d ,.ni the hammock;
or north and south. Cro-'sing that we plunged
through hickeis, and clambered over the trunks
of lailen trees until we reached a second main
road running north and slthb.and an old deserted
camp, where the loggers had had their winter
quarters a year or 'wo gone by, and as it was
now getting dark we- built a rousing fire,'
stretched our bars, spread o'ut our blankets, and-
lay down 1t pass the night, wondering if we
would ever find our way out of such a labyrinth.
We had been told it,was a mile across the han
mock to the pine woods, and' e decided -
already travelled two miles a, la--. .0oF As
Early next morning, o we.wer ta Letter idea
the sun rose clear and' hntaling advantage
otthe ay should d the satistaction,

thong-d newoods to the west of the
the long-de g over the pine ridge to the
nor vaiy half a mile ahead a tall, thick
f-t,, hat we'were confident; must be a cypress
S p, and on reaching it we were not disap-
ointed, for it was a cypress swamp and an im-
mense one, too. Selecting our place for camping,
we returned to our boat, brought out the balance
of our baggage, and before night we had a good
camp elected and covered with cypress boards.
And here fofnue.irly three weeks we worked hard
and faithfully. Theswamp, fortunately, was dry,
but a -_hower every day tt is thie rainy season
with ust hindered us snomewhat in our work, yet
we got along well, and the shingles for my new
house lre all nicely piled up on the pine ridge
tbat skihts mhe swamp. .
Thb: hammock rf.rlril- L. is perhaps s a i rh

S>,;1 srable tfor everythiin'c. Lovn b l;ck ham'
mu.ck rkr bananas andsugar ca'e; hih hmrok
for oranges and the citrus t ,mily generally, ex-
tends tor miles north and soith. wiile the pine
ridge to ibhe west of it is the finest body ot pine
timber we hate -een an this 'section. It is, we

should judge, a superb situation for a colony of
ten or twenty families, for the pine presents a
high, cool, and healthy location for residences,
while the hammock would produce everything
they would need for their supplies. It is, we.
judge, rather wet in a wet time, but a colony
could easily drain it, and how bananas and
sugar-cane would grow there! '
Returning home two days since we found that
several mucil-needed showers had fallen during
our absence, and everything was growing pro-
digiously, especially the weeds, so. we have 'a
week or two of hoeing and plowing aherrt ol us'
to get things straight. No incident occurred
during our trip worthy of record, unless it may'
be that in passing through the thick saw-palmetto
in the pine woods I kicked over a rattlesnake
that lay coiled up in my path. Fortunately, my
companion just behind me saw him, and his
.snakeship kindly lay quiet until I despatched
him with a lightwood Jimb. Now I wish to give
the readers' of the AGaIIcuLTnRIsT an infallible
recipe for snake bites. In a late number of the
AGnrcULTURIsT iodine is recommended. Very
good, perhaps; but who has the iodine handy
when he is bit? My remedy every backwoods-
man has, as a general thing. It is this: Apply a
strong poultice of gunpowder and soft soap
to the wound as soon as possible, then drink as
much raw whiskey as you. can, and you need
have no fears of your life. If you have not soft
soap, common bar'soap will answer, and in place
of whiskey a plug of chewing tobacco, well
chewed and swallowed, will do. Let the next
reader of the AGRICULTURIST who is so untor-
tunatelas to be bitten by a poisonous snake try
this remedy and report. As, before stated, we
have had plenty of rain lately, in fact, our rainy
season is upon us, a month later than last sum-
ED. AGRICULTURIST: At a called meeting of the
citizens of Waldo, Fla., and vicinity, on Septem-
ber 14, 1875, the object of which was to organ-
ize a Fruit and Vegetable-Growers' Association, -
Mr. S. J. Kennard, was elected president, Dr.
Frank McRae vice-president, and D.L. Branning
secretary. A number of prominent citizens sub-
scribed their names as members of what was
decided to be called the "Waldo Fruit and
Vegetable-Growers' Association." General Earl,-
vice-president of a similar organization in sGa inCe-
ville, made some remarks upon the object and
workings of i ha association. Committees were
appointed to pro':.ure a corl.tirutio and by-laws,
to obtain facts and figures from the experience
of fruit-growers and vegetable-producers the
.past season, and to cull, from various sources,.
information for the beneteot'fit.,.i'-associapion.
The so>ietv then adjourned",ko m -one wk
from that >lay. -" .D.'L. BRANNi..iG.-
By order of ltheW.lllo W rui'a1d. Vege-talile-
Groetrs' Association. - -


I s_ u'rDrEDNEEs3.0Fs VOF LEMA.-(-.t' ,---- .- -
letter from New Smyrna to one of the depart-
ments, we have seen the following statement of
the indebtedness of Volusia county: Bonds,
scrip, and other evidences of indebtedness, is-
sued since lAst report il'68i, to August 10th,
16-75, $25,03',.9-2; total amount of scrip and war-
rants redeemed, $20,688.27; ,amount outstanding
at present, .$4,-249.65; due from State, $1,370.84 ;
.,,ae from Brevard county, $755.15.; duefrom L.I
]I.:Richards6n,$1-34 410, leaving the county in-
debtedness at $1,989.17. -Tallakassee Sentinel.
THAT VoYLCAONo.-We .were informed Thurs-
day .last by one of the most reliable residents of
this place, that he had had a conversation a few
days'ago with a man who has seen the 'Pin-hook
volcano. He lives within three miles of it, and
is ready to conduct a.party to it foria small on-
sideration: He says it is a veritable volcafp, fid
that the smoke issues from ;l,eIn. a huge
rock. This will be of int .t to 'some of the
citizens of Gadsden an ffersoli counties, who
tare bent on distingui g themselves in connec-
tion wilh thisphe enon.-Th/e.-- .t,.r &'r.t'nd
SCENSUSPEs fEtls'-The census returns from
the counties ,i W;ikull'i n-,l Santa Rosa, have
been bh'JdlE in o. tile Secretary of State, and
irom them are taken-i-e -owin; interesting
particula rs '"7 "- .'1,-, .
San ta l.i .*,1,-'lne ttal ppupauua-oF
this cuni- ty '96, and Ihe number of voters
-1 2. a,'- -. inttempt at a recapitulation
n mi.rAfy t the statistics of this county
r" -- oft'the census-taker, and .any further,
reu.ii than the foregoing we could not obtain'
without a great amount of labor. In the census
oft 18-0 we find mat the population of this county
was 3.:3M1; the assessed value of real and per-
sonal pr.:.perty. $Y .62; number of bushels of
corn rai-ed, 6,'72; number of pounds of rice
cultivated, 2i,45; number of pounds of tobacco,
1,0t25; number of bales of coiton made, "42;
number of gallons of syrup, 1,328. From the
foregoing it will be seen that. the population of
this county has more than double since 1870.
This can scarcely be the case, and the Probable
explanation of the matter is that the cetLus of-
1870 does not represent accurately ihe poplfa-
tion at that time. In 1870 the entire vote ci'-,'l
in Santa Rosa was 560); in 1.72 it was 933, and
-in 1874 it was 1,101, or 301 less than the voting
force of lthe county at present, as returned by
Ibe census-taker. -
TW' alii,z .,,..,no/.-The returns from this( county
are made up with a good deal of care on the
part of bth icen.'uEt'iker,-~id 't.b.e results are in"
,uch a condition as'to be easily obtained. The
total population is 2,480, f which 1,592 are'
whites, 89 colored-773 white males, 819 w hite
females; 4.35 colored males, and 4-53 colored

and most of the prominent banks issiing


.Traveller's Register kept and reading-roc:mDsupplied
.w aers from all parts of the. Union apd C.nada.

Nzw POBT,. FiOmA.
Hotel and Springe rdy out hun-ird yards from %r. Mar,
river. ev. Charles Bcc.:hr'a Orarno,- Grore finr-i;ng t-
H..)t,:! B .:.' ., r..r o ,.,. '.i ',r.7 rg ion r the M d iittI. '
i one C houia ~a u ,)of te G C-i 'f 5i~r c o' t)y e.gin mi es
lr-,n, Puo,n- dc L:.,n'- Foniaian or Yorth---e WONDER ..
TuL WAE'ILL% SPRING. From Taulaa eea, .ebre-n
mies by rnlucad. S.,:-ciery as good as mte ,tst aayn anetr,.-
Board, i, tptbar bta per month. ..
Board. Lncitadir, pisleLr bltirs, per wek. 10,i' '
.-; I b rths. per day ) -
-- '*> r-. B. OLIVER.'Letesc.

Notary PrAlic State at Large, rC., EauGalbe., Bre,rd.
country, Florida, ttbe nitE of tt Florida State Agrieiruril
Cult~'re. .
OVer nr.itntv thou-and acrisortland for.MieL in itjs [he
*fife,,t .?lc-l =of' if',e .,),trh for the rajislg of .tro el and
"emi-rrpcal product&. Inducements m iaqauaud. Cr. e
lars free. '. -1 5 : a

41 WmTE SrnEEr, NEW, YORE.
'I --

Consignments of- fruits, vpcctabl.e, Ac., will'receive
prompt and careful attndtton, and the hbtj.eet market price
obtained, All information as to the beat modes of pack-
Ing and shipping, and the condlion of the New ork mar-
kets, Bill be 'ent ,:.n application
Commission Merchanr.

,5.5 It W ltre Street, New YorM. .' .,.


Arasri.- Paitn c.^* [teLtio order.
.t-N I. t .

* -^ s .L ssi wi

esti ~
N. '
~ ~-.-
','- '4





females. There are 429 whites attending school,
.and 691 colored.' Of the'population, 134
cannot -read, and 147 cannot write. The
total value of real estate is set down at
$167,167, and the total value of personal
property at $1383,197., There are 2,029 acres
planted in cotton, 40 acres in cane, and 7,101 in
corn. There'.are only 149 orange, trees in-the
county, and of theseonly 12 are beat ing. There
are 479 voters in the co-unty, .f which 820 are
white and 169 colored. There has been 17 deaths
since the 1st of January. The occupation oi the
inhabitants is returned as follows: Three huin-
dred and seventy-five are farmers, 13 merchants,
4 lawyers, 7 ministers. According to the census
of 1870 the population of this county was '2,506;
the total valuation of real and personal p, operty,.
$817,403; the number of bushels of corn raised,
47,274; the -number of pound' of rice, 2,8400;
number of poundss of tobacco, 861; number of
'bales of cotton, 258; number of bushels of sweet-
potatoes, 8,726; number of gallons of syrup.
10,727. It will be seen that the population has
fallen/off 26 since 1870. In 1870 the entit're vote
cast in the county was 479 ; in-1872 itwas 4;31,
and in 1874 it was 487.,
-Oysters have made their appearance in Jack-
-A.new cable is to be laid between Key Wey s t .
and.Ptnta Rassa.
-'The Key of the Gulf says that Key West has .
11,700 inhabitants..
-The annual influx of Northern 'visitors hasw.
already commenced. ,'"
.-Tnie valut of exports to New York from
Key We.t iu one week is *$5,600.
-The new courtn- house. at Orlando,. Orange
county, is said to be a handsome building '
-Fouirteen hundred mullei wc-ie taken at one
haul by a fishermen of Mayport, ncar the mouth
of Ibe SI. Johns. .


SA ON D ,oH .N'S.TA.Ls, .JC .ri.. a .LE ,.
Call and eane.. ,
.. BBHAM & o.
., ,


Conrtalaidng0'" page: a.i rciab ifatrinrmat ,n
Senrt to any -Idrs-a. pire-paid apion ae-n
- by--- ..-.. .LO'.0 L A 'Ct., ",

S l do we r o v i .a to e tr Lgey '. "
materwth I-

Resident c..rrer pondc, to "
S. and. OUTTS,, !


.. -:




F~7g TI



An Inaugural Address Delivered at the Town
Hall, Brisbane, on the 23d April, 1875, on the
Occasion of.'the Fir8t of a ,Serie of Conwr-
alwinees to be held under the Auspices of the
SQueensland Acclimatization Society.
(Cleric of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland, one of
the Vice-Presidents of the Society, &c., &c.)
(. continued )
.To one more essential would I point;.
and I am: sorry, to. say that it 'is more
wanting among my own. countrymen than
among those, of any .other part .of .the
world where, art collectionsexist. Ihold
that where the State establishes these
institutions, it does-, so for the benefit of
its, people whomeit. expects thereby, to
enlighten aind'enrich, and in .whose im-
proved prosperity it finds its own advance-
ment. The. visits of its intelligent arti-
zans should be regarded as an evidence'of
success, and their frequency in every way
encouraged. I would, therefore, make/
the visitor of that class feel as much as
possible at home, wduld make him as com-
fortable as possible, and would endeavor
to impress him with the idea that in vis-
'iting the institution he is conferring
rather than receiving a favor. In the
place of the restrictive cautions on the
walls, the sour-looks and the surly de-
meanor of attendants, and the generally
cold-blooded and,/comfortless air which
.. 'Prevades so many English and Colonial
museums, I-would trust largely to' his
sense and/gratitude not to injure the speci-
'mens. would select attendants for their
,desire and ability to demonstrate and
xla .u and by comfortable seats, the
perfect admission or exclusion of air ac-
cording to the weather, and in every other
way possible make the building one of
pleasant resort to be re-visited again and
again. So strongly do I feel upon this
point that I would go the length of pro-
viding rooms where the visitor might re-
cruit his strength for a further inspection
by eati ;is sandwich and smoking his
pTe, *_ ly ferusing d'lily journals and
e -hi 3.4-s prcViwih. a:
"iexpen.e f?:,r his edification.
urs during which museums are
.oe public are fixed, as a rule, far
.--- eet the .convenience otf the ,:'li-
"-- t-hat oLf tse for whose instruc-
.*'ti li -.are fountled. What-
-'be me tfiable than that mus-
epen during those portions of
-t d l-.. y when men of all classes,
p"iofesni, "commercial, mechanic, and
labbrib"a-in fact all to: whom a museum
is likely o possess most interest, and to
be'f'- most- use-are engaged in business
or brea.1-wiuning. I have no doubt that,
whatever imay be done with the other
'hours ol the day, there ought to be at
least three' hours after sunset during
.'which the fullest, advantages of such art
and science collections should be availa-
ble to all who desire to ava'il of them.
That implement's ot iusbaudry and
hopticllture, in all their branches, should" _
behexemplified, from the newest plough or
scrifier to the'most. recent hoe, is matter
of course; but the progress in invention
must be watched and followed, and the
modeller kept constantly at. work. If the
6ojection be offered that patent rights
might le infringed, I reply, remember
that this is a State institution, and, if ne-
cessary, the law, must be altered to meet
its demands in the great, cause of public
The patent laws, indeed, require.amend-
ipg in any c.se, the right to protecti-
being now obtainable b-y the .
only at a cost which is oftet1- ibitive
and there can be little ,a:.it that the ex-
ee hpr itrary power
~ pen c r vetbff ,t Me_`, I ec}s from
beniiTing mankind many au ingenious
device for saving labor or accomplishing
results at present difficult or imposibhle.-
As regards models and other illustra-
tion 0of appliances, I can best. exemplify
my meaning by again enumerating a feww
of many industries which in this part of
Australia arc only awaiting the enterprise
of the tiller .f the soil. Among oils
there are the sesame, the ground nut, and
the castor.::Liu, afl:.rdin au annual crop ;
while the. olive, after its third or fourth
year, provides & idificient. for all the domes-,..
tic req'uiiremiunts of the grower, and.,year
after year, tiuret.,re,.it l.ecoimes an..in-
ereasin-. s,:urre ot wealth. Among dyes/
indii<, the ,afl'-...u, and the madder, all/
the -implest -,ulihr. ; among filre-/ s-'
Spart):.grass, jute, aud manillahemp ich
glory .n-our climate. Take ar 'er in-
duiiwry-that of flower-farmin l and the:
traction of perfumes-t orange, the
7 ,-citron, the jasmine, the terose, highly--
v / scentedacacias by the zen, and the ex-
uisite plumieria (t basis of "Frangi-
p/ Fani "', bloom he 'to perfection; and
the processes of .ovracting their perfume,

whether by distillation, .absorption by'li-
quid fat,,or ernfieurage, are remarkable ior
their simplicity. The drying of the fig
and the raisin again offer a harvest 'of prof-
it to be garnered by women and children,
while the men are engaged in mnen's work.
3But the 'simplicity of a process, how-
ever obvious when you once know it, does
not 'appear except in connection with that
knowledge; and as soon as knowledge is
attained, it goes to work together with
'the intelligence, the energy and persever-
ance, which have long been in! abeyance
awaiting its' advent. One example will
suffice to show, the manner in which I
would have the appliances for new indus-
tries exemplified in the model-room of
the museum of economic. botany. Let
me take indigo at the stage. when the
fresh leaves 'and stems are ready for ex-
traction of their .coloring matter by the
fermentation process-the material, di-
mensidns, and relative positions of the
vats for fermentation and subsidence, and
the form of the beaters of the fermented
liquid are first wanted; then the boiler,
,the strainers, the press,.and the method
of drying require.to be shown, and, finally
the method of packing f6r the market.
Such information would be given partly
by models and partly by photographs
and diagrams displayed on wall space; in
fact, by whichever means the end could
be gained with thorough efficienc. at the
least cost.
But it should be borne in mind that
new industries cannot be forced, nor can
they be called into existence upon the
largest and most complete scale all at
once. It is, moreover, important not to
startle the enterprising fArmer or me-
chanic by a display of appliances both ex-
pensive and, complicated. The illustra-
tions' should, therefore, include those of
the most simple-even to rudeness-of
the appliances in.use, both as to scale and
material. If the first attempt fail through
want of skill, then' there has been so much
less money sunkl and time lost in the ef-
fort; and the same appliances will suffice
for success at the, second attempt made
by the light of better knowledge of tMhe
,iol.-.' uwera,7;. With success will come
the means and ~--e will t':. improve the
plant, and tlh'ie *mii ryo pri,-ibicer and man-
utfactutrer will be able to call to his aid
skilled advice anid labor.,
I cannot dismiss the subject of the gar-
den museum without referring to what is'
'often '_ seri:is defect iu :*onuomic mius-
-eums generally, and especially in their
early stages of formation. I refer to the
admission of specimens which are. not
really illusfi-ative, simply for the purpose
of filling the cases and. shelve-. It is of
far less importance that the rooms should
be full than that every exhilitu should
teach a lesson, and that there should I.e
n6 meaningless multiplication of mere
samples or curiosities. Each section
should have a well-defined object of in-
struction, which should not be departed*
'from to the right or to the left; anduna-'
til a perfect illustration can be obtained,
is is in my humble judgment better-do
leave a galp. Exhibits which mean noth,
-ing in particular, or are imperfect, or badly
dSqribed, are calculated tomislead, and
are aEt.,est confusing. Another objection
to the E-stem to which.I refer is to l)e
found ti thl'indue bulk of catalogue
which it necessitate, and to consequent
increased difficulty'f( reference. Cura-
tors often take an uniknlligible pride in
a large annual increase it.the mere num-
ber of exhibits, forgetful or-the far supe-
rior importance of simplicity'rif reference
and perfection of illustration.
I have now rpt:rred to:' the mole impor-
2.'--*a.na, ota.na i.oal car'en, and:
ha-ve glance at the various ways in which
it -may be m.ade. to, ontrite to the
knowledge, and add to.,t.he hea com"-
fort, and wealth of the inba s rj
country in which it is situate.",.. ha--.
also indicated broadly the various mei~ans
aud-appliancees by which those ends can
be attained: but'here also I have barely
touched upo:n the topics to which I have
desired to draw attention. as their ex-
haustive treatment wonid involve a, much
more elaborate tiitertakiug than. that
comprised in m-p present efd:.rt. If I-have
reserved to the last the ;esthetic arid:or.
namental ;,attures ;of these.. institution's,
and their eariug upon the hail-.iness and
morals/f, tjxe people, it.is- because such
-phbac involve a larger expenditure with
ec.para-,ively less ituedtiate and tangi-
fe, result, and. can: ouly.be-fostered ..by
the St.ae frin spei:iled fui.ls aIlal1ble for
the1objeot; but can not, 'exceptas an in-
cident of the features before described,
be made the subject of expenditure from
a publ)lic revenue derived fr.:m taxatin. -.
Expen,.lit ure lf:r this ptrii|.:,se direct fri.im
the public r.ui i.e is .:.pen also.,to another
o'bjeer~ioin, v[z.-7-at while for obvious
reasons public educational institutions of
all kinds are naturally established in cen-
tres of populations, without creating jeal-
ousies *:n the part of those inhabitants


, ,
*' 1

from whom they are remote, the, same
cannot be said of gardens simply as
places of recreation; and it would be im'-
possible to draw a line at any fixed num-
ber of inhabitants congregated in any
part of the State who would be entiiledt
to public expenditure of this character.
Unless, therefore, the governing body sets
its face against the establishment of pub-.
lie gardens, except as educational institu-
tions, in localities and under circumstances
which would justify outlay under the sev-
eral heads described, there is danger, in
the aggregate cost to the country of a
multitude of such recreation grounds, of
the application to this purpose of an al-
together disproportionate share of the
public funds.
I need hardly say that I have not for-
gotten the incalculable value,.in, densely-
populated cities, of both gardens and
parks as places where the thousands
(whose occupations compel their residence
in localities the atmosphere of which,
from various causes, is more or less vitia-
ted) can occasionally resort to breathe a
purer air, and by complete change of
scene be taken for the time out of the.
working groove of their lives. This ques-
tion is a large one, and involves many
considerations of only secondary impor-
tance to that of cost, which, to do them
justice, would require that it be. dealt
with apart from all educational aspects.
I cannot, however, abstain from taking
the opportunity of remarking that, in my
opinion, the readiest,and most obvious
means of attaining the object of provid-
ihg pure air for the worlriug classes, wlh;,se
engrossing 6.'c'l:,ati:'ns prevent them,' ex-
cept at rare iutertals, from going in
search of it, ise not to expend enormous.
sums upop parks which are in many cages
at the extreme outskirts of population,
but to bring it to the i.eopile ly widening
if needful, and planting with umbrageous
trees, the chief thoroughfares of cities.
The working of this system may be seen
to perfection in some of the largest cities
of Europe, and there have' shown them-
selves of late years indications .hat the
practice may in time extend itself to Aus-:
tralian towns.. I confidently predict that
so soon- as these early attempts in this
part of the w'rild have sufficiently devel-
oped to prove -the utility of the system,
it will make -rapid progress in our midst.
"({T, .,e cnt.,:, .dt : .1 "'

To a great many persons the Chinese
yam is unknown, although it has been
several years since its introduction into
this country. For the benefit of such of
your readers I will state my experience
with it. Abouttwelve or fifteen years
ago we got our first tubers fo:r planting.
These varied in size from a small shot up
toa good-sized hazel nut.,and were planted
in good soil with a yellow clay subsoil,
but well underdrained. In a short time
these germinated, putting up a vine simi-
lar in appearance to a sweet-potato vine,
but larger after the first year's growth.,
From the vino the root or yam grows, a
single one to each vine. An examination
at the edd oP the season proved the Chi-
nese 'yam to be a small thing, not more
than six inches in length, and about one
inch in diameter at the lower end; and
'had we been like others who were experi-
menting with them, stopping right there,
we, too, should have,said Chinese yams
are unprofitable." But, fortunately, we
tried the roots the second year, and found
that they grew much larger, and at this
time there axe roots there where we first
planted that have stood there summerand
winter ever aince,and increase in size each
year. No insect ever injures them, and
drought affects them only while it lasts.
They will penetrate the earth two or more
feet, according to the number of years they
'are allowed to grow, and will weigh sev-
- .il pounds. The small tubers that grow
.h *ine should be saved and put where
.they N'- t freeze during winter, and
platd ar --- lt of.-May in this lati-
tude. For the il j~sults, select a deep,
loose; sandy soil; a.ill row in
rYvill grow in
any sreil-even in toug.Uh-. -Prepare
them :or use same as Irish pota, which
they very much resemble in taste
pearauce. Enough ;can be planteh-
once ,o do a family tfo years,,each .yea-,.
brinrmging larger yams. I believe that
when their merits are more generally
known, it will be as common to see them
growing on every farm and in every gar-
den as itis nowto see Irish |.otati:e.s grow-
ing there: There is n'.thing dJittlicult in
their culture-simply plant the tubers one
and a half inches below the surface, and
six or eight inches apart. Cultivate to
keep-the weeds down, and dig at any sea-
son of the year, as they are suitable for
beating any time after the,.second year's-
I would not advise digging the first
year, as thdy are rather small then, and
tubers are not produced on vines from one-

year-old roots. Everything considered,
they are just what every one should have
growing to supply their tables with when
other vegetables are scarce. One objee-
.tion to them is, they cannot Ie pulled
up but have to. be dug out, as the large
end grows.,down; bht I prefer digging
them rather than to be' without them.-
W Cruzan, in Ohio Farmer.

In these days of expensive fertilizers it
is well to bear in mind that the costliest
applications are not of necessity the most
efficacious, and that some of the most sat-
isfactory results in the way of increased
crops have been obtained by the use of
cheap fertilizers. We have before us the
results of some experiments made byr a
Tennessee farmer in the use of lime as a
fertilizer which fully bear out this view.
The farmer in question applied limp to
three of his 'fields, i4 two cases allow-
ing 250 bushels to the acre and in the
third 300 bushels. The result; is thus
given in the Living Age and Outlook:
I"Crops' of all kinds-that is, wheat,
corn, and oats-have been planted in those
fields so heavily limed. Two years ago
.there grew; on one of those fields a fine
crop of wheat; on another a heavy crop
of corn for thin upland. Last fall there
was gathered forty bushels of corn per'
acre from one of these fields, which ordi-
narily, produced not more than twenty-
five bushels per acre.+ The field on which
were put 30)0 bushels per acre was thin,
fallow ground. In the spring of 1874,
Mr. R. broke this and sowed it in oats.
The oats grew luxuriantly, and though
the drought injured it, it was the finest
"at fielding that neighborhood. Last. fall
he sowed that field in wheat. It-grew off
finely. The late cold snap lbit it down
when in the boot, and it .liid not. Iooklike-
it would make a peck per. acre.- But .it,-
came again-a second growth-and made
from eighteen to twenty bushels of wheat
per acre. The lands above referred to
have increased in productiveness from
SO to 90 percent ; and, besides, they have
been rendered mellow, requiring one-third
less power in breaking-quite an advan-
tage on a hard clay farm."
A more striking instance of the valua-
ble properties of lime was given in Great
Britain at the time of the great famine in
Ireland. .Until that event occurred it had
been the practice of the most intelligent
Irish farmers to prepare- their lan.d_..or
wheat by a dressing of lime, and 'ihey
found that land so prepared yielded an
average crop of twenty barrels to the
acre. The famine and the attendant
troubles so disheartened many of the
farmers that they abandoned this and
many other useful practices. The result
was that from twenty barrels per acre
the yield fell to from five to seven bar-
Much of this good to be obtained from
the use of lime will depend on the man-
ner in which it, is applied and upon the
quantity used. On the' first of these
points a correspondent of the Country
Genthiman pertinently remarks :,
When lime is ::spread -upon a, bare
wornout field, containing no vegetable
matter of any kind, it is simply a de-
stroyer instead of a help. It should
always go upon sod land just broken up-
either clover, timothy, or blue grass, or,
indeed, any heavy coat of weeds, roots,
&c. ; such as, when rotted, makes with
animal dung, good orgapic manure. The
province of the lime is simply adecomposer
of all vegetable matter, and to prepare it
to be valuable food for the new plant.
Lime itself, without the above resulting
good, is an enemy of plant life; and when
too much-of it is spread atonce, it is dn
injury even on land with some vegetable
-The same writer caut ions.e~rperimenters
against mixing air-slacked lime with barn-
yard manure, as .the lime,drives off the
ammonia which is contained in the ma-
nure and which constituts 'its'chief value
as a fertilizer. Ue suggests manuring the
first year, and then'the second year, when
a coat of grass is on the ground, sowing
lime at the rate of 100 bushels to the acre.
He'sums up the argument thus :
Clover is valuable because it shades
the ground and retains the native ammo-
--.-,' and not, as some suppose, because it
leave* .roots in the ground. G'psum is
valuable because its property is to fix the
ammonr t in the ground, and to prevent
its waste by ., wlih sun, &c. "
It must also be remembered that the
beneficial results obtained from the appli-
cation of lime may b neutralized by an
overdose, and it ht...been repeatedly
shown that over-limed soil, while it pro-
duces larger crops for a few years, is in
the long run so exhausted that the yield
is less than it wouM have been had lime
never been used. This is caused byithe
organic matters in the soil diminishing
under the action of! the lime, and unless '

_W4^ "-.




~LFI m

these are replaced by o" manures the
soil becomes complete austed. The
remedy for this is to lhrl manure the
land with farm-yard manure and saline'
substancess, so as to restore the organic
matter too quickly extracted.-Patrons'

A correspondentol the Prairie .F.itrm'f,
S giving his method of preserving vegeta-
bles and fruit for winter use, says:
"Let the farmer try this method once,
and he'will never try -apy other way, for
he1 ,'ca always have them nearly as fresh
as when tirst put. 'away for winter quar-
ters. Dig a trench thirty-six or forty-
inches; wide and from five to six feet deep,
and then plaster the bottom with water-
lime cement two inches, and a half thick
S (ttie same as used for cisterns). Then
make a box of .boards as wide as the
ditch, lacking five inches; :place your box,
in the trench or ditch, all -but the cover,
Then fill around, the boxw two aaid a half.
inches of cement, making your 'spaces or-
compartments in the box suitable for your'
quantity of different. kinds ; then'pick your
apples or peaches and place them in the
S box without bruising. Fill the :box so
they will not come in contact with the
cover.' Put on your cover with the
broadways, so they will be even with the
sides of the box, then put two and a half
inches of cement on top of it, and you
S have air-tight and dry compartments for
your fruit and vegetables; and they will
keep for years as sound as a rock.
"In 'placing grapes, you must,.in every
instance, tie each cluster on a string by
itself, while the fruit is yet green, when
the 'first on the cluster begins to turn.
They must not be jammed in the least
when put away.
Peaches, plums, and all other fruits
must' be carefully put away when first
beginning to ripen, and in all cases put
,them out of the reach of frost. These
fruit vaults will last 100 years, and by
placing boards crossways, you- can break
the cement with 'a hammer to each com-
partinent l fruit without disturbing all
that's in bQx:"

A New York lady has reported on her visit to
a bar-room: After describing the horrible par-
aphernalia of the bar, she goes on to state: In
the rear upon a table, the soul-destroying, awful
-game of faro, was being played by a crowd of
excited, maddened men. This game of faro is
played with two sticks, four balls, and any num-

A man dropped into the post-officeand wanted
to know bow much merchandise he could send in
oneparcel. Four pounds," was the reply. Then,
he.blandly said, he thought be would send out to:
SArizona four pounds of those red toy-balloons,
inflated ; but he had difleculry in getting out of
the door in time to dodge a mail-bag.

S "-Listen1" said a sensitive lady to a bathing
attebdant. If I am to be drowned, or nearly
so,;I want it to be distinctly understood that I
am not to be stood on my head or rolled on a
barrel, or any such ridiculous exhibitions made
of me. If I can't be revived without any of,
these performances, I prefer to be left alone."

S Ah !" said a teacher, ah Caroline Jones,
i what do you ihink'you would havebeen'with-
out your good father and pious mother ?" "I
suppose, inum," said Caroline, who -was very
much struck with the soft appeal,:''.I suppose
mum, as I should ba' been a horphan." .

Master Carpenter--Well, my youug man, how
are you getting along with those tools? Young,
Man-I'v: gronod all t'he t.:is but this yer saw,
sur, and I can't get all the gaps ,out of be!

Bitters are too frequently a mere mixture of a-
few impure drugs, water, and a little of the poor-
est Whiskey, and their only effect is to weaken
an alreadiv overtaxed system. There re, a few
exceptions rt, this, notable among them is one
of which, we can speak from long personal ex-
perience. We refer to the celebrated Home-
Stomrach Bitters, which we have invariably found
to be siteugibening and invigoraiing

Jacksonville Wholesaleaind Retail
Ctrr,.t, vU.ttv ,, expre.v, fo.r Tax F,)aRm AorGcti.L-
TIMTr. tl.V M(cr. WILS.cN A Wimr:, wiol.,:ae and
rcrail Groc':rr and Cotmiunis Mectiiansi, Jaeksoa-ile,
In ordering goods planters and others s'n.-.uld re-
member that tbese are l7",-l-ae Prie.. small :r-
der6 are charged at higher rates.
Beef, Mess Western...........btli17 (,0 ,),$1 o
Fulton Market, spiced, nail otI 13 lii) O' 14 5'
S Bacon, shoulders.... .......1b 13 @ -
Clear ribbed.............ib 14 @ 14%
Snould,-rs, smoked..........tb 13%@ 14'
S Dry Salted CR ide'-........ Ib 14 @ 14%K
Long clear sides.............B 14 @ 14K
Hams ..... ..........b.... 17 @ 18
Bre d, Pl t...................lb 7 8
Soda Biscuit... ........ tb 7K@ 9
Lemon Bi-tenit..............lb 12 ( 13%
GlD, -cr Soaps............... lb 1P2 l'l 13:%-
; Bo-ton Cra,'kere .......... .lb 12 (a' 13
Build.re' Mat,'rials, Lime....tt.l 180 (a, 2 00
Latie...... .............M 1 -5-- '2 1* l
C-,n t... .... .. ...... _- '. -
"Builders' Plaster...........bbl 3 00 @ 3 10
Land Plaster...............bbl 2 50 @ 2 75
Butter, Goshen............lb 35 @ 40
S Candles, Adamantine.........fb 16 @ 20
S Sperm........;..............b 45 @ 50
S Cheese, State and Dairy........ b 15 @ 20
i Common ..................... lb @ -
fthV Fatory.....................lb 20 @- -


S'; vAiT. -'
Lemons, per doz., for Florida.....
White, per: bbl. Family......... 1
Extra Red, per bhl.............
Superfine, per bbl................
Gom m neal, sack................. i
Hominy, sack.........,......... ;
Corn, per bush......... .....
Oats, per bush............ .....
Salt, per sack.....................
Butter, per lb................ ..
Cheese, per lb......................
Lard, per lb ..................
Eggs. per doz........ ...........
P. >latise, I rish, Iper bush, u -c.... ]
Potatoes, Sw-ct, per raush........'
Peaches, per lb..................
Blackberries, per b ...........
Currants, per ]b..............
Bacon, C. R., per lb.............
.tBef, per lb., mess.............
Beet, Fiiton Mtarket..... ....
'M utton, p r t.................. .
Pork, per lb.....................
Ham, per ]b ..................
White bacon, per ]b............
Shoulders, per lb.................
Venison, per lb...'...............
Chickens, full grown, per pair....
Chickens, half grown, per pair...
Chickens, spring, per pair.....
Turkeys, large and fat, each......
Turkeys, small..............
Wildturlite, a-C.L... ..... ....
DucksE, d.mesti., I.r Iair ......
Partridges, each..................
Mullet, per string......... ....
Bass, each.................
, Wood, pine, per cord.............
Wood, sawed, per cord...........
. Hay, Northern, per cwt..........
Coal, per ton .................... 1
Syruip, Flrida, per eal ........
Honey, ,trained, per gal.......
Tallow, per 1 ....................

60 @

@' 9 50
@ 800

3 15

125 @ -
100 @ -
200 @ 225
35 @ 40
20 .
90 ,i '. :- -

12X@ 15.
30 @- '835
-15 @ -
16' @ 17
12K@ 15
16' @. 18
15 @:
15@ -
20 @ -
*16 @ 17
15 @ -
15 @ 0o
50 @ 60
40 @ 50
25 @ -
200 @ 250
150 @ 200
1 50 200
115. @ 130
10 @ 12
25 @ -
25 @ 50
4 00 @ -
575 @ -
150 @ 175
0 00 @ 1200
t,)L ( 1 i I
I0f (a 113



A New and Complete Bindery,
a amply':;troked with the liatst mw.:hni er,
-and am-pFepared to execute all kinds of binding Infirst-
class style, and at fair rates.
Every kind of work in this line required by Banks, In-
sursnce Offices, Jerchants, BaUroad or Ste.amboat Com-
panies, Judges, Lawyers, ',eris of Courts, do., &c., done
promptly, and equal.in workmanship and finish to that of
any establishment in the UVnitpd States. s
cf"Magazines and Papers, 'Music, &c., bound. Old
books rebound and repaired. "
-Address, CH AS. HI. WALTON,
Tallahassee, Fla.


' 811

Coffee, Io......... ......b 23 @ 28
'Java, Old Government-.......lb 38 @ 40
Dry Goods, Prints, fancy...... yd 6 @ 12
% Brown Shirtings......... yd 12 @ 15
% Brown Sheetings......... yd 10%@ 14
S4-4 Brown Sheetings........ yd 12 @ 16
White Osnaburgs .........yd 13 @ 15
Striped Oanabu'rgs............ vd 12%@ 15
Flour, Northern, superfine... bbl 700 @ 7 50
Northern, extra............bbl 8 50 @ 9 50
Northern, family and fancy bbl 9 50 @ 10 50
Fish, Mackerel, No. 1 ....half bbl 8 00 @ 10 00
Mackerel, No. 1..........kits 2 25 @ -
Mackerel, No. 2............ bbl 8 00 @ 9 00
Mackerel, No. 23........... kits 2 30 @ 2 50
Herrings, No. 1............box 40 @ 45
Herrings, scaled...........box 45 @ 50
Cod, choicel.................B 8 @ 10
Grain, Corn, white from wharf
and store-..................bu 1 18 @() 1 20
Yellow and mixed Western..bu 1 10 @ 1 10%
Oats ..............:.........bu 90 @ -
Hay, Northern.-...... ....cwt j, 40 @ 1 60
Hides and Skins, good flint cow lb 13 @ 15
Leather, Hemlock sole........lb 35 @ 388
Oak 'eole.... .'.:. ........ fL 49 @ Sb0
cail.lmu Fre r.-........ a. :aih 5 90 @ 5 50
Refined........................ 6@ 7
Lard, XXX ,r ijrr..l .........I, 18. @ .
Lumt,'-, Snwcd ibt-r, i2., to .
e,-t...... ...............M 18 00 @ 20 00
Sawed timber, 30 to 45 feet..M 20 00 @ 25 00
Flooring boards..........". M' 18 00 @ 20 00
Edge boards..............M 6 00 @ 11 00
West India cargoes..........M 14 00 @ 16 00
Drered floui'in, first quality M 25 00 @ 28 00
Dressed flooring, 2d quality. .M 14 00 @ 20 00
Shingles, cypress............ M 3 50 @ 4 00
Meal, fine..... ..............bbl 6 00 @ 6 25
Meal, per sack-..-............... 2 90 @ -
'Hominy ...................bbl 700 @ 7 50
Hominy, per sack-............. 2 90 @ -
Nails, 4 and5 d............. keg 4 25 @ -
6d ....................... keg 400 @ -
10 to 60k...................keg 3 75 @ -
Naval Stores, Tar...........b..bl 1 75 @ 2 00
Spirits Turpentine..........gal 29%@ 30
Rosin, common-............bbl 2 25 @ 2 80
Rosin, No. 1.............bbl 1 25 @ 1 80
Rosin, pale................ bbl 3 @ 4 00
Tar.......................bbl 175 @ -
Oils, Kerosene...............gal 18 @ 20
Linseed...................gal1 00 @ 110
Powder, Rifle, fine...........keg 7 25 @ 7 50
F. F. F..... one half pound can .75 -
Potatoes, Irish, new.......... bbl 5 00 @ 550
Sweet ................bush 75 @ 1 00
Pork, rump.................bbl 17 00 @ 18 00
Mess, oldand new.........bbl 19 00 @ 21 00
Rice, Clean Carolina........... lb 8%@ 9
Salt, Liverpool...............sack 1 75 @ 2 00
In smallquantities........ sack 1 90 @ 2 00
Turks Island Salt......... bush 35 40
Shot drop,..............hbag 2 75 @ 3 00
Bick ...... .. ............. ba 3 15 3 25
S...ap, Framly, No... 1..........b @ 8%
Pale... ... .... ..... lb 8 @ 10
Common to fair............. b 5 @ 6
Sugars, Crushed and Powderedlb 12 @ -
Granulated................. lb 12%@ 13
AWhite.................... a 12 @ 13
B White.:.................. lb 12 -
.Yellow C...................lb 11 @ 11
Florida....................b.. 8% @ 10
Syrups,'C6mmon...........gal 60 @ 75
Florida and Georgia........ gal \@ -
Golden, extra ........... al 90 @ 1 00-
Smoking Tob.,cor, Dolrbam....Ib, 60 @ "75
Tut-acco, Common cound......lb .50 @' 60
Medium.....................l b- 50 @ 65
Bright .............l.b.......... 80 @ 125
FineCut................ ...lb 1 00 @ -
Tallow, Good.. ............... 9 @.
-Vingr, Wbie'Wi'v-. -.-'...a- .dii 40 '"@ 50
Cier Vi ............ al 40 @ 50
Black Moss, Green............ lb 3 @ 43'
-GCExtra.....................lb 13. @ 13

D LOCni0 0.0054$ 00 1 1( to be Civ E

-- I'


I -

SmtWs linsltant Dare [levtor. of all. It isoe onftuore etylk that is sure to
t*/ [1iPrt,. h plckasw,'. esp.:crally as it iS 4ppr,.pl;atli f-.r any
u t ti L ro ,~8'e material, tIln-: Irstc g:,oi to t ma lk to a
outyi tee 1 oiie- any Lhtr tl Cf eqeal eaiWtj. It is one of the -
rator, I Instn. To I-adleng ostames of car city. The stoat lady
S-n an iKt. ,; wii fll find it pOSsees jilt t, Ett' s.rciL cla.-I thaL
tfypll e,>ind Ihen IlE impros, her flgtiie, Mhile the lIi[t (,r perfeer
-" I l t,'*ia r .lael keep iom maiy er.el lth'y"cri,'nI:.rSOadoilanlaCeoi.ly
i-t rnllie. IIkeeMlhe stir. 'b. WT l i tl. rLgwular tabjliTr hapeo u
II a I : I .'o 'lrls n p to or i d. rl
S*TawruiD.ntla- lo t'r L'ie sahb, hti rich may be of the li
ShloDabte tllaunmr. iL da-rn *it frimi, or Ilib&b,'. Requiee iluyardsc.I.-
'. L',sLs .@i '. b. .k niirr s, 7 ii. good 'tre r tiise atL No. of wa',ist,
"'air.s t fo at." L aveB e o i "
n.* Tsn Time tCnBt i ,,o n 1 pa'tr i ]lu..-in iu m'odjl. 2 aets.
rialfmm oneODreaieootoher. N. cr ovcilitl, 't:; pattern, tilin
Jim,"45B t n 0t i MUIoca. ,:lotbh mod., i 2 :ts. N,. ol nderpirt, i
fett n ,wata e1t% ,od 2 )s.
Oil rhe Pnatern, nnI Clolth Models o1f hie ENTIRE
5flIlT 'will be GIVEN F ri.E n PEtltill fl any personal
io t-endsel *,'10 o1 urs,as one Iearm' .auiscrlplion sI the
iA" TL 1. N BZAtu."

MiOly "Wr1 .of Fa si,"

FINE ARTS and POLITE Literature.
Single Copies 25 Cents.
Sulirr,itlon Pr;ic. SI a ienr. pqit-[paid. Including a
I-r- Miein .1. Ii, o Dollara,' ,.-) t -i" i. LLMa r ]'rLe oecaca
'.. ,I .r ERTIFICATES fr II., ar..
LE,'A'IO5', L.e.I.- IM PLA.CE of Ote

OF FA.SIIION," the very flsnet, l*"r
most beautifulaattractitve nawnarine Snith's Illustrated Pattern Bazaar,
to be found in this conniry, and Sniec,,v. -"s.n
every person -vho begins with tak- r.i i.ril priC. m .tcie a -ar, pot'pli.d.
ing it, will NEVER discontinue isl, O ,.llr' -.rtth iOf Pt.'rr. ''wrLr, t'r ili
while it is published. c. rubi'nter free i prema-m.

We will give $2,000.00 In GOLD c Woe ll aive i2.500.00 In GOLD
COIN to 65 pec- 6a-, er Pd u.- t'e i.ragSi COIN c. 133 ,ets-.',r wvho .,-rd uE ibe tuareet
number of subscribers I. .:,ur b worldd of namu o-ir of ire, r, erc to,-'ri Bazaar." at
Fashion," at ?3 ea:r, Labfore Marcrt 5. t187. $1 1.10 ea,ni. te-ure. Marh t tS7o. As I':.uOn: '
As follows: To. the g-ett:& rup r f tire To t, gIetter up i:'f irei
Largest Cldb, $.30ii.i) in Gold Coin Largest Club, $300.00 in Gold Cuin
2d Largest Club, 200.00 in Gold Coin 2d Laigest. Club, 200.00 in Gold Coin
3d Largest Club, 150.00 in Gold Coin 3d Large-i. Clul, 150 100 in Gold Coin
4th Largest Club, 130,00n Gold Coin 4th Largest Club, 1:5 011. in Gold Coin
5th Largest Club, 120.00 in Gold Coin :tb Largest Club, b- llt0.00 in Gold Coin .
OthTLargest Club, 110.00 in Gold Coin 6th Largel Club, 75 00 in Gold Coin ,' -
7th Large'st Club, 100.00 in Gold Coin .7th Largest. lub, 50.00 in Gold Coin
8th Largest Club, 75 01) in Gold Coino 8th Largest Club. 250 .0 in Gold Coin
9th Largest Club, 50.00 in Gold Coin h Largest Club, 25.00 in Gold Coin
10th Largest-Club, ,5.00 in Gold Coin 10th Largest Club, 25 00 in Gold Coin
11th Largest Club, 25.00 in Gold Coin 11th Large:t Club. 2500 in Gold Coin
and so on to the 65th Largest Club, and so on to iue 1.3'd Largest Club.
VOU I-.r a cremiom for every Eub6cribtr vo c-ded asi : ANI ,-.erv'Ticabeciber .ecs apremnium.
BOTH 'o I tue, Gold Coin Preseits ,ff.-:r u '-i be ionid 't[ riibll cpTh Cin e Septem-
ber Number, besides tne names and post-offree addrcsse3 ,'* 10o 2 perso-res to wn.:.m we barv
just paid i$2,135.00 in CiGold. acordir,. ti. ojar prer-ios offers. You can wryit to one or
all of them and their yul tell you [Cal : do exactly as we promise.
YT UK R O-, a you B TDl Il get tle ihEr niumLtr ar.I your certiircuntc o
Premi;ms, aler you can show, and at O:,r ce e:ie n gPetuz eLibcril.b, r sieenda ent:l :rI e -
copy. Send stamp for T'"*'o*qn Catagi -." -. : '- -. it. .
P. 0. Box 5055,. "94 BrotNdway -ew 0ork Cty.
... .. _. -. -**- :-,*.--...'


S'.ho r-. ft'amilar ith the ceajvatnon .of the oramgE,
lemon, banana, and .:.tLber tropical trut, '.
to, lake care 'o grories

Must be sober, married men, and give good referercet.
'Adiarces, "INDIAN RIVER,'"
Career o Agn. ultariiiit.


Sent post-paid 'on receipt of the price, $125.
SAddress CHASE. H. W.TALTN & CO.,.



_. ".. .' .

These Bitters are prepared with
the greatest care from a. receipt
long in possession of one of the
Company. They were originally
compounded bv a celebrated
French Chemist, and are the only
Tonio and Stimulant permitted
to4 be.'ISedjin the Armies and
Government Hospitals of France.
They atre 'a certain preventive of

By using ,it moderately 'three
times a day, after the system has "
been reduced by sickness or dis-
ease, it is unequaled as an Invig-
orator and Recuperant.


aAFORTUNEIN-IT.--Erer&f5aiyhbyslt. Sold
- .' yy-g5Uts1_.fadtrsrs, G S. WALhER, Erh Pa



Night Scenes' in the Bible,
iand a maniicent rN:w soc'r jnot rrom the pries
Ad.lr',s.J. C. MIcCURIDY ,& co., Peail-.i!S. Pa.

$1,200 PROFIT ON $100
in d in es tock Pidll. es in VWLI street. Boksand
cirlr tClhn. HoE" 'b dER Bue," e- nt rr:. Adarerk
BAXTER &- CO Binali..r, 17 Wall err,.:e. Ne.w Yc.rk

Pleasant and Profitable Employment.
B-ea,,tfla Charmnr.- '"'** Oh. hw i.:., iy"' "Whal
are it,-b v..orth" A' ,. Sen w tar: n. :elmantons of those
',ho se;'i tr:e 1itqe, el.--ant ni-w Cthr.,,m.s rodcded by the
Eir.:-pean anrid- Amri-an Clncmo PuOl-erice C-omnanv.
E. ".:r :.rne au i- iinr ,n Itr .e. t "L._ ta tkin ell
[lie pi.lr,. ta r-n- : li [.[ ti I r,,iem I.eEs Canj lasers,
ab._-[. ar d I.hi-. ail CEnti'm e a t oii Of f n ,pltoym ent, Will
di trd tt t- .' i n, f'c -cr off ed t' rmeake mo rney.
For futl p[iQf._-, ji' hI' u tu-irt p .t.:t ., idfi r'_l ',J dlaur. *
,A\dr-_ F GLEA\ON 5 &CO Washinu.to, etriet,--,-
,Ba. M,- I .-t .
,'; .' 7 ""


THI'AN T 'E--r,.- -

Mti..nv 01 i-ri atr'cr^4W~'b T.fi as a-ktug if
ve club ith other pa arr " ""' a gments
to clate wtr, me AU42a wee ies. Tr.'
(,,0 R tsf .v ..,)"'e. l i a'l ,l'!'u w1 4-

T'e ierise..:Tbe' l L"cdlumf pbow the coat of the two
pubtcadioDs-'fr die'd sepltel)y, anhd tho.e In the sec-
red htle enowlhecoft, f i"ti;',o if ordered through us.
i; '. f t- S 'mi~. ro bs.
Bapr'M a ..i ... ..-$:.- : $5.75
S.rib r5 a, ..... ... 7 ~' 5.70
Tde St..Jio, be uian folks- .")0 4 90
The P f lon ly. .... 7.00 5.75
New Yo-' d r Y o, -ni 7.().- 575
Amn4er. Ai ,iC .ist ... ..... 4 :315)
Tlia9 15e .... .... 1 .9, .5
Tfe b ."'..... .- . ... 7.1,w) -5.70
-' -." E WEEKLIES.
Harpeer' W l ..... .. .. 87.in) 5.:5
.B iper' a ,Zar .- .. ... 7?..W B 6.7 ,
Applelon's Joun l .. 7.00 5,75
Moore'1 ii N ,ew Yorker. .. .. .. .--- 0
'AU ppd'coEiavailng themselves of this opportitry will
please reinetrir tiat ithe money and the drdetl'oth'pa;-
petr '. -_. -. . .
JIfrT BE .-.EN.T A TH7 E A'JlfE TIME. *. ,
arid that ewilh every other pnolication ordered from tif c
llstwe m ist rE,:ele a suub6cnpUon for TE FL.onma ArD a -'
'_ re i.A rrt ,'. f,-.t .en ','ics om ,s' AGniscr.-Trea.
lSrT-U.r F',r epeimen- ocf mte other pubticanonui metu.
nbied, applaiuont mue, tbe made to tie office where they
are published.
SAddrdes, CHASE. H WALTON & CO..' c
i "'.i -. ,Jacksonville, Fla. n


.4 -




'- 'I

,,1gc' it


t+ .




~.J ~

tl t 1 tUrntummpr2.

From Wasbington, l
WASHINGTON, September 16. -The lowest
bidder for the Pensacola dry-dock was John
Roach, of Pennsylvania, for `$219,000.
There is little hope entertained of Admiral
Goldsborough's recovery.
The post-office officials report the fast mail
trains a complete success. The train to Pitts-
burgh carriedfive tons, and the train to Chicago
forty ions, out of New York.
S WA (nmNTON September 17.-Five millions
pf bonds, issued under act ofTune 80, 1864, have
been called in. The interest, ceases on the 17th
bf December.
The Navy Department has received the fol-
lowing dispatch, under date of the 16th, from.
Commodore G. H. Cooper. of the Pensacola,
navyv-yard: Yellow fever is epidemic at How-
ell's Station, on Pensacola bay, twenty-five miles
above the navy-yard. The people have neither
food, medicine, nor attendance, and are crying
in the name of God for relief. The navy-yard is
perfectly healthy."
SMa.16 George E. Glend, paymaster at New.
Orleans, 'has received orders to report to the
commande-of .the Department of the Gulf for
assignment .
'"-awn, who was implicated in the TreasurF
',. utbbhera.ae, een held for trial lby the grand
.*Jury. -
From New Yorlk.
-. NEW YORK, September 14.-The liabilities of
SSchuckhardt & Sons, who failed on Sriturdlv,
are estimated at $1,100,000, $800,000 of whidl
id held abroad.
The Erial Ladder Fire company while prac-.
ticing, raised a ladder 120 feet long, on which eignti
men mounted. While- oi ug through btheirevolt-,
Lions, the ladder cracked at the second section.
Three men were killed outright;'and two died
while going to the hospital. ..Several were in-
The Association of Mexican veterans'to-day
celebrated the anniversary of the capture of the
City of Mexico. Tue veterans, numbering
100, 'assembled at General Worth's m6nu-
ment, where they formed in procession. Ex-
Senator Pugh, of Ohio, delivered the oration.
A Among the pirti,:ipants were Generals Gibson,
Bates, Kloiz, Lovll indi Hooker.
Edward Conwav, convicted of- entering a
house a- a sanitary inspector, 'assaulting a lady
and Itealing $*5u wai sentenced to twenty years'
imprisonment. .
SThe Tuirkish Troubles.
CONSTA-sTINOPLE, September 18.-The latest
advices state that the Consuls of Austria, Ger- .
Many, and Italy despair of bringing about nego-
tiations between the Bosnian insurgents and Ser-
ver Pah.i, the Turkish Coammissioner. TheEng--
lish, French, and Rus-.in .Consuls, whose task
lies in Herzegovina, are still hopetiil, because the
insurgents there show a conciliatory disposition.
They re, ho verunable tj. .deni- e-
wle^ypolo result of" their miaion till they have
interviewed the insurgents in the monuLtains
Diamonds Seized.
NEW YORK, September 19.-Fifteen thousand
dollars' worth (,f smuggled diamonds have been
The Neiw Party.
BOSTON, Mass., September 16.-The State Cen-
tral Committee of the National Union party, to
the number of tfity, met at their room this even-
ing. A letter was received from Colonel T. R.
Stockdale, of Mississippi, expressing cordial
sympathy with the new party movement and
pledging his co-operation; also a long letter
from General J. B. Early, of Virginia, express-
ing the same sentiments.
A Survivor of the Equinox.
'CcrAGo, September 14--Reuben Burr, the
sole survivor ot the Equinox, was picked up after
having"floated thirty-one hours on the pilot-
house. He was helmsman when the vessel
i o sprung aleak. At 1 o'clock, after the bulwarks
were stove in, it was decided to lower the boats,
and the Mayes was hailed to come alongside.
.T-be bail was either unheard or unheeded, and a
boat was lowered with five men in it. When
the vessel went dowq Burr and the captain swam
a long distance, side by side, and subsequently
Bar) caught the pilot-house, wiih the cooK on it.
The !atLer, after holdifig on for twenty-four hours,
slipped off exhausted.
The Colorado Election.
DENi-ER, September 16.-The returns show
that both parties claim the Legislature. Araphoe
county elects a majority on the Republican
ticket. The Democrats 'elect two councilmen,
one of fo'.ir members of the House, and county
treasurer.. -
IThe Liginais'laulal Train.
Cmcat:O, Septembet. 17.-The fast mail train
which left Cleveland I.wenty minutes behind
-time arrived in Chiatgo 'Ave minutes ahead of
tihe. The engineer fainted% as he pulled the en-
gine into the depot. 4
The fast mail train over, the New York Cen-
tral arrived eibht minutes ahead Lf time. A por-.
tion of the distance between Elyria and S:ir.ndusky
was made at the rate of seventy miles an hour.
The ljississippi Delegation.
WAsif' G'tNt-N, September 1.5.-The Ml.sis.ippi
delegation had an interview to-day wit, the At-
t:rney-General The ,-legairion consisted of iSu-
ator Bruce. Sheriff Buchanan Marshall, ex-Con-
gressman Howe, Secretarvy oaf Sttte Hill, Chair-
man RepublfcIan Sr:iie Cammitiei Wainer, and
John B Warner, e-ditvp. of tUe .It.in.ppi Pilot.
The iLtetlvier. latel' .intil after 2 o'clock.
Pierrepont Ciueti,:ined each 'everaliy, and they
all agree tjht Warren cauniv i: quiel, and ithe
emergency which ..lemand.-d Federal interference
is for hn presenr .ntasse"d. They reprtent the
number oft whibe Republicani in' the Slate of
Misifsippi as few There i; no military otgani-
"- zatt. !z -thb' St..j e:-:,:ept White Leagues.
"-They apprehend no liii hei trouble in Mis:is-
sip.pi until the Republiaans holt meetings.
It i.s then apprehended that such gatherings
will Ie broken up. Judge Pieriepont asked
"wbr the Republicans did not organize and de-
@nl th,-mselves. They replied that they had
S no or-'aniztion, and when they come in contact
with organized White Leagues, they fled before
S them. They stated that the sovereignty of Mis-
) sissippi was unable to protect itself without aid
& from the Government. If troops were not sent

, before the November election many Republicans
would be interfered with at :tle polls. Pierre-
.pont said he had advised Ames to perfect some
military organizations to protect the people of
the State in thei(' political- .rights, and advised
the delegation to return home and consult Ames
about. organizing means foi their protection.
Should they fail to do this, and'.further trouble
occurred, they were to let him know. Pierre-
ppnt is of the opinion that no further action will
be taken on Ames' requisition for troops.
PHILADELPHIA, September 19.-The jury in
the Westervelt case, which went out last even-
ing, remain out at 11 o'clock to-night. There is
considerable discussion as to the verdict. The
general opinion is that they will disagree.
PHLADEDLPHIA, September20.-The verdict in
the Westervelt case is, guilty on the last three
counts in the indictment."
Another Abduction.
NEW YORK, September 17.-A boy three and
a half years old disappeared last night. It is
supposed .he was abducted by a dark man who
has lately-been frequenting the neighborhood.
The New York Democrats.
SYRAcuSE, September 17.-The following
nominations were made: Secretary of State,
John Bigelow; Comptroller, Lucius Robinson;
Attorney-General, Charles N. Ross; Engineer,
John Van Buren; Canal Commissioner, C. N.
Woolworth -
The Cotton Crop.
WASHINGTON, September 18.-The statistical
reportof the Department of Agriculture furnishes
the following statement, in reply to a private
communication that doubts had been expressed
as to the correctness of several statements in the
cotton report from that department, published
on the 16th inst. -The' cotton figures are right,'
but the-favorable comparison of the condition in
Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas is with Sep-
tembei of last year, and not with August. The
figures forSouth Carolina, Georgia, and Florida
are slightly less than last year, and thb.-ie fur all
States west of the Atlantic coast are greater.
The department averages of the two seasons are
ai [.haows: 1875-North Citrolina, 90; South
Sbuih'Carolina, 90; Georgia, 75; Florida, 75;
Alab:ma, 87; Mississippi, 98; Louisiana,. 88;
Texas, 94; Arkansas, 99; Tennessee, 96. 1874
--Neorth Carolina, 87; South Carolina, 86; Geor-:
gia, 77; Florida, 77; Alabama, 81; Mi.sissipp;,
7., Louisiana, 62; Texas, 65; Arkansas, -'7;
Tennessee, 52. -

The- Storm. '
ST. Louis, September 19.-A Galveston ,spe- '
cial to the Gbbe Denocrat at a late hour-last
night, says:" aThe storm which coturmentel on
Wednesday continued to rage with great violent:-
until late Friday night. The water from the
Gulf of Mexico ovc-idtflwed half of Galres.ton
Island "' i 'g d'ngdown some hundred small tene-
r.iEnts:unioon~ag .eve-ral chbuiche-s and re-sidences.
knocking- down signs, awnings and other hang-
ings. The water is on the principal streets, and
Strand and Market were several .times two feet
deep. Three large schonners lying in Ie bh-arlor
were swamped., one steamboat and two tatas are
sunk, one being completely Idemolihed. One
large Engl;sh bmarkwa' l-frcbd from its mo:.irioa
and driven ashore.- One schooner is forty feet
on land. Some ten mea working ou break-water
at the batr were drowned. The health officer.
Dr. G W. Pette, and his guards are drowned.
His house was carried off. One negro woman
was killed by a house falling after baring floated
fifty feet. The railroad track is Iorn up in twenty
places on the island. The bridge is partially
destroyed and the culverts on both roads are
washed out, and damages are variously estimated
from $100,000 to $200,000. The storm was a re-
gular cyclone, but the wind was not very heavy,
though the water was higher than during the
great storms of 1867. At 11 o'clock last night
the wind got to the northwest and began to
leave both the bay and streets diy. To-day all
is dry and pleasant in appearance. A commit-
tee has organized for the relief of the sufferers
who were residents ou the gulf side of the bay
shore. The storm extended to Hempstead, on
Texas Central and Willis and Great Northern
road, doing damage along the entire l'oute, in-
cluding the city of Houston. No mails have ar.
rived in three days, and there has been no tele-
graph communication till this evening, when
one wire began to work. The loss by the storm
will not aggregate nearly so large a sum is an-
ticipated. The wind having been very steady,
the shipping particularly has escaped damage far
beyond expectation."
GALVESTON, September 21.-Tne Morgan
steamer Harlan came into port thi morning
with her colors at half-mast. A large crowd
gathered at the harl to learn the fate of In-
dianola. The destruction there was almost cout-
plete. Only fve busiuess houses were left.
The following was teeived by i.,usine. firms
from correipoutients: .n Wednesday, the 15th,
the wind was liomn the :tstward, veering to the
north. On Thbtrsday uporning it became more
steady, increasing to a gale. The water was
waist deep. Every man, woman, and child welei
seeking places of safety. It blew fearfully. The
situation was awful. Screams from women anal
children could be neaid in every direction. The
water was six-feet deep in tlie streets. About "2
o'clock Frida- morning the wild veered to the
northwest. The waves then became chopped,
and the hou-es were wisbed aw.ay or tumbLled
to pieces. The wind, toward morning, began to'
lull a little, aud the sarer wa-s eeittn lower.
"The wind iben veered to thi ncorlb, and then
came hope. Daylight began to bieak, and then
di.d wve behold thea awIful destruction aro-und, and
thaiulied out Giod that we had Ibeen saved, and
that our petilious condition was as nothing co)m-
pared with IbLe suicf-rings of our neighbors andl
citizens aloug the bay Broad daylight revealal
a scene that was terrible t, behold The town
coul,.l nor be rv:,tauizedl a- thae Indian.,la of the
day previous. The ruin'is toaal.
How many h.a-e lo-st their litres in this ltariful
storm iLt is itniosaioiblk to learn up to this date.
Sixty or seaveuty bodeaas nave be.-n fouud and
buried. Wcmen wire fund, andi nmen also, wno:
bad floaled od on doors or anything they could
get hold of. Some beneath the roofs were car-
lied away long di-tance.s. The escape of so
many of our citizens iialmotst miraculous. The
search for bodies is riil gin;i on, and the number
of human beings drowned will never be known,as
there were a large number of slrangets in town.
We estimate the number of livs lost at 150.

Eighteen bodies were found yesterday, and the
search will be continued until all of the dead
are deposited in their last resting place. You
cannot imagine the extent of the disaster.
Nothing shprt of its full details will give the
proper knowledge. Numbers of persons were
out on rafts for hours, but, in many cases,
were not saved. All the churches in the
town are swept away. The court-house is safe.
Great destitution prevails. The Victoria peo-,
ple' hearing of it, nobly sent up assistance at
once. informationn from Corpus Christi reports
that town safe. They escaped the heavy gale.
The town of Saluria is entirely washed away.
The telegraph lines are prostrated for mies.
A Picayune, New Orleans, extra has the follow-
- SABISNE PAss, via Orange, September 21.-
This city is submerged and considerable damage'
has been done to wharves and, buildings' by the
terrific storm through which we have just passed.
Much loss of dtock is reported, and crops-in the
surrounding country have been considerably in-
jured. No loss of life, happily, has been so far
reported. The little mail steamer Pelican State
was wrecked in Sabine Lake, but the passengers
-and crew were-saved. Many.small crafts have
been blown off and capsized. Captain Gibbs, of
the schooner Truman, from New York to India-
nola, with assorted cargo, arrived to-day, and re-
ports his schooner ashore fifteen miles west of
the Pass, and a total loss. The ale caught him
off the Pass, and there he lost his reckoning.
The crew were in the rigging foir twelve hours,
but were all saved. No news has been received
from Calicasien, but the worst is feared, as much
lighter gales have in the past swept the place,
with inuch loss of life. ,
1Maine' Election. ,
BANGOR, September 16.-The latest returns
from the Fourth Congressional District gave
Plaisted, Republican, 1,000 majority. I


iRWVR Ow ,
+ +..




Steamship Line.


HUNTSVILLE, Capt. Chester

MONTGOMERY, Capt., Faircloth

Pier 2, North River, New York, every
Railroad Wharf, Fernanduna, every Wed-

For fre;igt or paas:aE'e appty io0

j^a 5 Willam St., Nov York,
\O V O- D R.ARD, representing
--CHATER & KING, Agente,
r,.-' 1-tf Fernoandina. Florida.
P. McQUA.ID, A2,t f.:i r Jr.-.-ia ona dle; W. G. COLE
ILAN, General Tilk.-t A. Aint.

,T ra.-e rat. ,c ib...- e P lailida..
CON I TmuNG 'or

.araungi a in ur.a.ty, q b.a 'l,:di un a t-ie toi.A:k ;
"IN rE rs. n-a ap'.t..r: r- CHEtRREA, e.PL-c)i.
.RaFaOTD tON Wv-L zIOI."T-.
-and for Prn.:e Lar
Addr.:-- A. J. BEAOH :I SON,
.*;4-6 PALATrLA_, FLA
. . . . .

First National Bank




Exchange on Savannah & New York Sold,
.Vd E-:cban e r,-n all Nurmimrn poitL boai-t,
at rlm Trrnt Lra e '

For-t.jy.,-Bou. F. E. SPImn, PHLt.oRE INGrON, Esq.,
SamiTL uREtnatoMaON, Esq., W. C. SqEUrmEis, Es-'. Ej. mtt -
Joax CLARE, Esq.. W. A. Mc:LE.AN, Es'., C. A. F.m-
cmiED, Esq., D&a,)N" GizEtNL'.r, Esq., W. M Bo,)T -vE,.
Sptb-itb r "2. 1l:4. 75.-1a_"'8

Jda..kto-taa -t Fla.


aiiJ from trie B..-jad,- ,:r aid;g.,rnone ran of Florida,
td protii:ctid by td., tent, ;6 a cuoi-piand of f- amite mie-
.',ai a.-nti. of btha Baarada O'atng.e. itB pare, relned
tiidk.[." Ir a, no- L;tal-y -taaionld. cheap alahoolit.: mL-
tr., btit i prpr frm thar- Fr ara h simple substances mDn-
one.d. In the anrly days ,f Florid tnhe Indiana taugur.
- pparonards t- eilre oil [l anahi Clie6 cefa e i nith a n d ,ra do-
crina: of in,- B;garadu Orn,?a, and thel cpeipriene of all
ho have aued toe Biart-r La bD e-nthiata icasrcmly ir
cir favorr, Suttisrig h-m to be an adnurable tonic foir th
btit.tIed tate r.oaLinr.a from imasmaitu inflaencesa, sach
pile'nS, Cloe, oi appetrit, al6o-nor. and weakness. The
T rEIRr are ge-r[Iy la._:arivc-. and sm',rm to ppetal to t-e li'r
rid tiamaBh'pe .iihrl. T rhe o'e. acad. ea, lt and other
mpiprnerca( of tue Orun"e nre alJ hJc ily upefal as re&tora-
-. az.ienti, and trinr ifrenit.rening and alternative influ-
-.:-a arn toare.ncd and facillistrd ,y heb pure liquor em-.
l'yed -a a avnt i. for itrir torne.uane to the blood.


a aCood Tonicafor Invalids, Invigora-
ting and Strengthening the Sys-
tem, Assists Digestion, and is
A Delightful Beverage.

Here is no Purer or more Health-
ful Drink to lbe had.

range Bitters by t. tce .. $10.00
ange Bitters by t.-- btt.ile 1.25
ange Bitters Panch, per case ................. 8.00
range B[.1trr Pan..h, pper bittj .. 1.00

r"ANGE COUn TT, Fla., January, 1875.
We. n h:,e nBmEf apparar bltoiw, reqniac practitioner, .:c'
tdla.hj in -britr Fharid,), ar- .1 a i er, fa. art r any i of our
etaren ta tiecoiim.ndiiag. a:.r (an alyin ,&ay clntautraging pro-
eiLary md.Eica:.al cunmpounadd or antruamr, but In tlhecare
fa article woule formula of preparation has bean mub-
Jitd l.j i, e and a". hihb c ltaio Li mad-e, mtia nl:ttyt icriyr
f-rvdl br Mr. i. Flitre, ai- m Or.a&o E BirTEar.,"..te Iat
aEt ie a .an rt.la: the n-:ur.:.aei raul that usually gcud66 u4,
d tan I ati that ihas com pand is6 made as reprtsetrad.
d furrna-.sba. in S laribe form, the useful qualities oi
e Big-ura.t Orin&.,
Inu I.truai atc.i, tondrinoe of the stomach, resulting
.m nijaremn.;: Lnlde:-n2ca, a.-ininuth of the constitutional
aliLV ait t10r fft'raa Lhe 6amc canae. and in Imany other
,Lbld e Wi& a, na tach he- .La- ofbint-rs, aromatic, and
mlnanasive. i a mLdatt-ed, are inchln to behee bThe
(tt.-)LNOg BitrEB I' "a' -At a, r6 mrniy gat puirposaa, and
Ei asaoear tflya a-. V%,-U aa JIAny dCb mrditCLn-t,. bit6idta,6
,:6-rnnjig, vai'era e at a ri,'.- d, alrobol L i aa 4 -are.6ole
rm. So", for euh une at. ae abvc m.:aDri-)oed, tev cani
?onitm rjnd aEn "" n B i-,r m. I -.
W A SPtEsis, M. D..
Z i-rt.-: L i. M-soN M D.,
S S. tM c t, M. D .
0 : At .- A t X:.L iL it. I)

Jou. r"tT 1I, J875.
Nc.n -I hbw'. faornsrd mf i.lade iil ti hBi.BITEr.i. lor
u.: pamt rtLir-- y'ar. a .nd it hai. provaenr l.:a e a'avoo.d Lajmr
r ailatir, ari .' a t ia t,:u-.: as ce,,n bt- deair~d In fnait,
iaa.oin i 1 uslaer l,t xri it ~apphl- rth placed of iroD aod
mnine.' .- -
lnqa r.muat bt, dinU. ator i:.- i at
I. I. BITE, g Diaggis,
Mullon-Ul, Orarngc C.unry, Florida.

Partner with capital, to minaufactuire Orange
uI-Ea n'd, Orlnge BttiEra Poinch from tone narine or Soiar
range of FofFlrid. n r1 I I. BITE.
MEt .ONV.LLE, Orange c-nty, Fla
16t w ram-3







T O TH _


Jacksonville, Jan. 20, 21, 22, and 28, 1875.

Extra Large 8vo. Pamphlet.
Sikty-eight Pages.

Price 25 cents, prepaid by ,mail.
[From thl e'atkci.weU.'- rra,,.1
We are m rec-eipt of a pamphlet b-aring the above t.tle
paithtihcd in this a;r-- at the office of Ta- FLORIDA Aont
c rU-LTUnirT. Probatbvi it would lie a ra te of time for us to
an a Ft to rtire crit'%Pa m on he w ot. Eu'ery one in thia
St.a is. donbtl~s, famila -r ,atth tha fact thai d aring the
month ,(f TJannary last about twao hundred g-ntlemen, more
or less ,.-reed in tri art of fruit aiiinure and it B ramifica-
tronri, from rill parnt, of Florida. laid aide their busiuhis
and asemaik:dl ,n tri; city for t6 e purpose of taxincoun-
6i1 ro.~ei-er. and of vnaraittiag thir ari.;d cperiences on
i t, i .-'i ncare t tnaiir ur arti. 'Ii- r-eiafli .fevc-ral days'
', aSn, t.ectb.:r witth ible paper read by ahle men,
'-c.mr iri.- rune .anuplhi.:t before ate Tiere is more informa-
r.:.n o'f ith most rlibia e firm aid trhiba t-l7 cndersred in
,talf b,'i',K itan .:.ll.l pOE-WhlV a <',:,i I'a d undt-ra y other
,.iri-ini.taine ie, t-in n; H (ir% sA o af ,. t l U ty primlnent
main ,Lho' rva p,'nt- year 'in .a ida rainr thre variaoa pro
da,.rc wictn Florda i ri.:fd for Tae tco ina) aicontain.<
many able paper a-. r j.,riaciiiarr ndd other itp.:., on which
infot'r ai,.:.n a li, .r ,'h -.ria-r lhy h p.rorpe.tit imili-
.ranr. A. c:,pv aatldd be iah ttie Landa:,' ei(ery farmer and
faiat-.jwer in I-. .-St.arI. It CouriaOA -:i- la[ht pag.-es of
omprac.r mair-nr.
r i i' Ta i''.'z ,:z*,S- .'A, ltK r..'.]
'Iin. prao[r.tnra .or Tui TcLORaL .i .ARiC-UnLTiTiia :lVe
.na i ,U td .a ir7 avaU t anid 5itia,-l-t a- lati paraphllI.r oi
r at"-.a,-r, ar pacs, cod.'Atld Proainihgps of an. Florida
Frua.b-Groa, r aLae l.lar-On," a a'opy oof tijih "iae ha%,ie re-
e:i dal. Tn. tirtl, is nor a i nariomer, a.- the, p.anpteiet ei
forth i r '.. i thneenriie proiaeadiJi.f.a of the Frrii-(,r.:,,art, '
'utotn .rn n, hrLh. ii rac l I ewaa ,,o dnaoar d,'.7- 1 .jd oiaran-
d-,le darai il:themontr oaf J nriara. in.,.l. ai. i atih etnt
Eniiamporariaeoas ;,p.-ceava, .taor -r:- at iaai,. ti,-rher witon a
ranam ver of ari- anrd anilt r: r-,r,.. a rr.[ia3 h.taic aic pr '
pared for the o.:.ao-,n. ,rti'a-._irj, &ia ruba.nMbr of i abej LS
Lmmedatelyt or corterari aily c.,an'n.: it-.a aii tIhe irut-
r'T.Wing arnd nari trUnIaea i ini.tr-al i (, ; inf F-lrnd, It a, teldoal
i rhar e: i',.ar a u ld nof prat. .,il dad 6,ceaatul', inra.rmariatoi
It etrta 8%d a s,v 3%in cO 6Djaall a .-,ipair. Ald a: ti raloiM a.-
tion ;S p,:uliarly ai rdaai l- *.a, FL.: ri a b.t'raiirinii: and
fri.L-cialr,., it mE.tr- a .-r- lazie and d.a-i daji ri a 5aai
drmaind, a anr., am I',- : f-~li- nr, r rara it vc-.i m, t.i a -cry cor-
di .t.- c rf '.nun irom i[h.; ra*t.l.
(FIrff' i T.a-i'ilah..,-' Fl.,'aai.i
Tuat oir oof Ta FLaiRm...A A.Fi>:LUTRi- r has p. t our t
bhaidcomt vgotiten up pamppan et >P.':,.rartann,' the- PPi.c'O'd-
Lnqi af the Fraut-Grower-' Ai'Oaaiadri. aat iJ .D&lLI meet-
in ha ,id an JackmovU-ile, Jin.ara ,_ A3 .Tiae dias-
euir ojDin at the mirianSt ookC a a ide rauce, embracing mat
tirs oi .rteat ;rtere.r ii Florida fsrr'_,ts. and ccpeciail. to
fruit ,-r,,'er.. A 1are aaifnon cinC te, ,aWmphEEt has b-en
prtinld for tO iiilirit r and it -.Ji be atu a- [all o Lif if -
maioon a Tan ern ,ii:h aa .irchf ura'iofa ai. i[[r., [' to'-riny-


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Ad rc-.


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