The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville, Fla
Chas. H. Walton & Co.
Creation Date:
August 22, 1874
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 3, 1874)-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1877?
General Note:
Editor: S.D. Wilcox, 1874- ; C. Codrington, <1877>.
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
025974932 ( ALEPH )
36065033 ( OCLC )
ALD6763 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027723 ( LCCN )


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.\ t.. ..r ,:,f ,. "..r,,r,- .'. ..l ,,i ,,ij.['r.-f,:, ...f ....h .
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DUCoL ON. '' ...

AR. IX -Toi..... r ...,'.'.' eseta& repanl,:-
'.':' ..-- C. r, .','1 ,,.--- ,..';.,', b? 1.
('ei,-i'. ,ii II -T Lu .ikn iid. .f sp,.:;e-s-iu the
reoiiji, (l' I the i\c: his .iven rise to hyl'rids.
Th haybridi paitaki -s ..t the,it-i' risi oif
ibe t'o spe.%, .'e of bfic- h it is compIl:t,,,. Tbtis
its e::terior prbhyion,'.'ny :vEals i tsi .:ri in Ii
t., La tendency t,. siuerilir The hvybrijrl1 ieenots
phen:,meunai wui(b arc-try -;u-z'wulr. The mix.
tlire -t us. iRli-e altcLt.i L je ubi tul ce of thLE v.:. --
table, ar,.l 1we have thbe :a I iu.ed fiuii whose
tIri; .iri c:r '-,sti .t., 'url. wbi.L)H i- generally in -
fruitloi. ~i,:I aire ieb- Ijon. ,, theldo lile lixcLe
pink, andu the, di:l..le :.t--ieled ianunl:atlus. At
other 6ileS thbe lnix:ture semns to be, as it were,
Twvndering in uie r,-e-eable, and, then it atffecL
isolated parts of tbh-pl.ut c.apricoisly, awld .lis-
appeaiis oni.etim-, .: ieapptear itbi e prodtuct:r
,even ,' tho'-e,p'rts wb!'h did not seem before
to be iffr-ected Such are the .>I'.-eii/ bizei ,'.,i, i,
the violet otri, ge, and tle variable-flowered pink.
.n-te.cI the fruils affected are L-terile, or

rise toyareTies- Va:neB z
Sor depardres fon, 't t
-ort:. Yarietiie fre~It'e. ga
Il.riciency. a-etliec from'e~cestsaire due to a,
. -.uper:ibun-i f [hete pai, aud still-
Imore to the mixture ,:,[' tI, pollen ot'f Se-rl'"
flowelc. Vairitie'- 1'rom dnefiency are due to
[the la3.k r'l" .pl.'portion beitweeu tlhe exes, or the
wvealk;ness :of the mauscline part. .They are, al-So
sometiimeS. l.e .1 defeeteite orgafizaion of the
.-,:try. Valeticic floro exs.'e-s ',.ft, freueutly
tenDil T.. sti-,ility They are unir-ed'by a"striking
tbrift ind a i.,:i 'if t[uor',. Their seeds, when
they :-, ? any, iep)rodrice the type, unless a.,
f.'relCo t-coind.ation has acted.i np.:'n the flower'.;
.ai'l luiied .t in'ew ::oUbiualiou
Th'-ti,<-iery si,:iiie 01 .emi sterile fruil is ouly
:I v i.a iet It s-'ee,. in tlh., slaite .,f niture, ill
retii?.ii u the pei::-'S. It is. thert-t'ore, by I nea~n ol
the seed. ilb.t weiali, enaijl:i to, rcognize thib
species to which varieties belong. _Stoutness and
th l's, 1 O th.'of hru., always accompany the absence
of seE.;. It I;, therefore, at the expens:i- of the
--rati.e: pIrts that vegetables acquire marked
S*-lrepel'ipmet in the leaf, bud, or fruit. Nature
seems to have assimilated them to animals which
acquire volume and lose .the hair when they are
.barren. Varieties from deficiency deviate from
the type" for reasons directly opposite to those
which cause deviation in varieties from excess.
The im p-rfteI.tioL .:.f the fecundation affects the
germswhich bear in their principles a defect of
organization. These germs produce only wild
plants, as we call them, which are degenerated
individuals, whose products are badly organized,
and whose seeds are poorly nourished. These
seeds, which often perish, still ordinarily gene-
r.,te feebl,' and languishing plants, but sometimes
iney give types.
It is to the accidental vigor-of a branch bear-
ing well-formed flowers that we owe this return
to the species. Thus, varieties by deficiency are
due often to climate and culture, but these influ-

ences act only indirectly. They facilitate or re-
tard the development of individuals, and,,conse-
quently, the perfection of the reproductive prin-
ciples; but every change is operated in the germ
and only as the effect of fecundation.
Every variety is a monster to nature, and some
varieties are so regarded by men, such*as the va-
rieties from deficiency. But varieties from ex-
cess ordinarily form the delight of the table and
the ornament of the garden'. Nature aims at only
the production of seed, and when fruit bears
many seeds, it is perfect in the system of Nature.
Man seeks only pleasure in Nature, and hence
judges differently of vegetable productions, on
account of the advantage to be derived from their
use. He,, therefore, prefers, in certain fruits,
those varieties whose pericarp is more developed,
tender, and juicy. He is thus opposed to Nature,
as in the case of the apple, pear, and peach. In
other fruits he prizes the cotyledons or seeds, and
regards the pericarp as useless, the more
proportion to. its development; and in this he
approaches the plan of Nature, as in the. almond,
chestnut, the bean, and the pea.
Oibe -: still are prized for a portion of the peri-
carp, and a variety is considered choice only
when this part is developed' at the expense of.
- the pulp, ,as in the melon and citron. Other
fruits are valued for the pulp only, as the lemon'
1 and orange. There are also vegetables in which
* the flower alone is esteemed, and then that va-
&. riety has the preference in which this part is de-

velopedi xp of tp e xprn th en,'rative i)a ts.: i
in double it' ste i 1-e dowel.
Orher: are; sought onulv y .r their aroiUa, iiS the
sour or.,ag.: Finallv, C.ficiouS muau attaches.
Taluii t,) nia'nste- Ceveu, ".hith rire usei-is ti, hini,
an,1 c.tcek. f.:,r orr, mi.;te ., indI tanI r e rel brns, suc h
a sbriv.-led, i:'e.- elopiu out of plo-
poIl ion [lie vell,:,w ireak filh buor.lers ithe leaf,
Ai teudl-.'-yOIt tiie brau.heS. o 'lI-.Ice 'I to tbe oil,
and oih-er mi .-J:>tto'':,iiie .t this natii-rc. All ilic-,
,a, r i-',e I.,0 1rithe oia'uifYf',:f ,Ci0'r ntlun& and
the del;hr of our tiile- 't1; r ti Na ._e ,he:', are
l'-pit r,:s from tit .',lject hb-. pr1 ,iopoied to4
hL-r'; i]t. She prelpe] iei-m :nd :coutdeincmu. the b- 1
petii,. But IJanL hb6 .uc?,ed,'-' .iaPl:,reer17ir;7
und multiplyiv.n: tiLU. Th-e ,ted rftisiE to 1
give gerrus iaphle -.f tept...-ciiricn them, be' has
I)ropagated thl indivi.iial Let p-4:.i ,li s i by ivil-.
in. P if into a i.bout.n [. au i .L in' : by .-.' ait.
-Id scions preser.-us .t -.vtLhoitt :.blane. Ti:
these ,iititetdu 'ius .s h Av f rilld'?o 'r .arel aid
the.,'types hve b. en l.aiUished tolul"e'w.-..hIs.
"- iCON'TERe H ..
A':- -.- nn.o ibe fiffh,lteorymonsteSa te ,nlv
ris0'hi'r.]a'is those ion' has.U61dt'-l ,u
.a IeatiL- i by fechntcLion, l. i4ds'alteiaBnojle
place in the ovules.t'-iAiotdir'4--iin thie -.,
a.od tLi germ sown, prod a -varidty'bedaflin
.- ul monsers. WO 'havedra .,ireAaalvzed,'tl?-
phenomenon. If this alierat.o:, takt e in,'he:-
o, ry. V he Lionnster is in 'he fruit wbi resultlit.
from it adr, pciishes with it. TLhis p '-
i so ei';tra rdiniy that, I hbsita-te,. ii ng
to .. believe it, bhut ire ep!-im 1nnw t rich ITiw a
re.spieelig it bare ,Courin:.d ie of tb[ ili:
its e';iS[tenc, "
It presents three kirnJd jof tacts. Tue li.rt .I
the alteration of hbe lor1s of the ovary.. Thia-t
. nm rr .r-.'nlr,-.e n n .artlrtial 1n i '. r .illr.r ,Tnetrh'l '

r principle
etion often
The second fact I e chau;,o of nartire in a
p, ot .ibe orary or of the -perikarp iEsulting
fr0ort. This sometime bears a
bi I .or'.stip l W of thi-'sperie -Ab whih it hb
becn 5ecundated, as the otoi ang.i bose tIowwr.bah:
been ,eeUIdMAEd by the poll ..of th'e ipmrn,.
Itis'difficuli ti hal uonize suic naouenoha with.
priqeipks well undlettool,. Ib, fat'is u tfc-t.
man;.Nature is somein mes ais-m1 nir-'.
veilois iu. her operations. "* -.
The thbl .r is: One B~?'ecindd.te.l by. a
quanteit u'st f 2.ever,~ther flwer-s onters
the phenb'euon.oy1a trit tlt;'iiTiin in itell' a
i.eoind fruit'of t.hsprse [an1itire. Tiis pbenome-
lou is oirangqe Ruiilpbius.-ay- t.i.,t
at Aniboine there :ire ,pe,'ies which tpre iiuh instancei, ceaLse to ive them if trin.-
]'lIuti?.'l to Biu'.Ila This. hi nLiw. lys b'eh altli-
buted to) t,':{ndatiii, :anl my experience .:e to
confirm this opinion.. The flti .lhcl p'-vcenits
this appearances io' o'ten- rfld.-l, r-i''ntI :i ninuner.
folded'.l awards; at :hter times the ruittliu ieem-
biles- a -eiuJ fti.iit whI.:j':h lpr.yceed- lOn, the iu e-
rior of the first, but always ruffled in form. If
we cut these fruits we perceive a mixture of peel
and cells, the one in their other, which creates
confusion ahd announce& superfetation.
These monsters, rarely bear seeds. They fre-
quently occur in certain species, are rare in oth-
ers, and never appear' in the larger part of our-
indigenous vegetables. .
These differences are due, perhaps, to the dif-
ferent dispositions of the sexual organs and their
relative conformation. They are, perhaps, due
to difference in climate, which may favor or in-
jure them at the time of flowering, and to other
circumstances which Nature conceals from the
eyes and researches of man.

CUT-WOmrs.-The New York Times sav-
"We have succeeded in greatly reducing "the
number of this pest by enticing a flock of po-l-
try into the field which was .being rpl'ow.
The fowls followed the plow closely, picking up,
every cut-worm expose.l]. ai..1 searching every
furrow for more. There is no other way. of rid -
ding the fields of these rt:i uni but 1I-y eLn.ourag:
ing their natural enemies. liese ar, ,crows an(
black birds, which devour the grubs, and skunkt
and moles, which destroy both the grubs aul
beetles, of which they are the larvae. Whils
these creatures are killed or driven off, we shal'
suffer from the depredations of the insects, whimd
are their natural prey. To prevent the destru-
tion of the young corn by the cut-worm to sone
extent, the seed should be rolled in common pile
tar, and then dried in plaster before it is sownf'

PLASTER FOR TOBACCO.-A Henderson county,
Kentucky, farmer finds plaster the best and nfst
economical fertilizer for tobacco. After securing
a stand he put about a dessert spoo ful on Ae
bud of each plant. Immediately after tb.e ,,sl
shower it assumed a rich growing color, wlich
it held till maturity, notwithstanding a prolone61
drought ensued. Before topping, however, he
had as much more applied to each plant-iq all
about one hundred pounds per acre. The lnd
upon which this experiment was made was high,
and exhausted years ago. The crop made wasmie-
dium in size, and uniformly of excellent quality.

'. orresponbcnce. .

M.ANDA.nnn, August li), 17l4.
',' ARi,:c'LTr['nT : Iuniuy judgment [be
ririjg. of f.wis will u',t, pay in this country,
Ie eptt .i a neia i'of obitiuirnig uttlle-0 to renew
tl lori; t ;rain is i b-igh, and fowls -o cheap.
,lhrt unless one wauis a certain bit--e or crc._qs,
l y '.in il.ft,-:r bie -:.ighbt th,-n reared. It is a
Wg.Ki-,l,|ish:l t,?it that i,:.ini: beun nori nine
Ito 'Ient ey montnb old lay moire-, and are less.
tiolbe to ease than ever after. Heu.:e one
l:,ul'.i renew his stock by -elling all the old
Fl v-rery ye' a, el ,:e'pt, perhaps, -i few bIeus
l hio Ilrre proved themselves superior ay1ers or
ltother The sittiug lever ha.i bothc-tred me
94k thin. almost anything el-e Autiboririei on
pdutlry matters sty if hben wanutsio sit lput her
de'l a barrel orl.ox in solitary confinement but
* .iVr al.ou ten or twenty bhens wan '
'.e': The best arrangement I ha .1)
iOn ,:Tff part of th if'uow'L I
iiir -. ilth to dust th.risi '
'e', ?.upt up twu or tbref, I
red I'-erily- -aCc or t1 ic.
anj aSm s.iito 'y haie n" -

tons than any other' Ya-nkee-'Lhat -e m
bere, and still t.he ivorms went.rhrotIlhmy.eal-
Lace." the firstt spring- water i ei'came, adI'vest-.-
n thousand dollars:at another crop. Ift i'eatieer
. to io-se than to tnrke. It takeslfar mole skill to
farm here than it 'doe a: iLe' North, and far
movie cani be marudeJiue. No'soil in the world
,will, short great. .-erretill. frm a little jmanutre..
A hundred ]loads If" manure ito the acre is none
to.: much.Jor a first-ilais crop'of c(abbag,?s.
Au-gust i. ih1 thief t i.I sow yot. cabbage seed.
MakesoiuLc .iraw-beds twelve feet l.-ng ba y two. -
an'.o a half v'i(le; en,.loe-all by a lattice tence
male nvth a bottom a opStriinge-rinitiently-
stroi- ti_ nOail t., ,.i lur-,.l-eet Iap.t I which "
nai c:,iu c, n liaths :lo.e .o hi-- to l' I jr:u.,'rab.
bitr. Tuis c.n stind year atlei y':.iLr, ly tlie
beds having in be ren-ide FR itbit-s are er'y.
destructive [ito ;ongi plaDtn..i a f.e" h ,f i ,.in-
dipeu ale it you whill Iour.1c'.p r.v,)eaj lic
Ia in I .
Instead of ru:.kin: the drav .jd-.a hat.,ill
should make it. a cool-bld--thir~i bc-,6 I.
din -The be sti s'hadle. t r h.i lT- c-en
two polls .e.:vWfteIl-,aunila.. J-
ackoss;nZ1' yB-d s1'
I^ ,i '..~i-- Ti;,,n **-'_ ,* ._i ,. *^ "* i. z* ^ !,'JB^ _"-k


Th4 multing% j ao-_rni _
anth during ite 'ontinunnr.e f-, m i neB
auJ,In adiiiion, something stimulagi

in their food, -in..l snlphate of iron i t.. j4,i
Tlutijb they I.-, nonre, the growifM'.a.. s
a il.irl feeding especially nt cess. ry.
~. fi,; cilmlain of injury ft lowis by easion
-ren' sweet.p,'-iteS-, but I think lhat can i.irelv
Shpern when ithy hare a -;lin:iency<:,f other
fir.] They should hare a i.alenity 'of pi.ii7erized'
*'.:-ter hc-il., and ,:,:,asion.illy ra:vel, stone of,
tle iz;e ,.if lpea-'I t'- keep their '.eh tioun Gi,,'od. I
otilJ ,exit ti'-ti li_ all wbh. wr. fowi s to tIeepl.
,+,fu^', lau.] oiibert eueui.-:..,,n o0 1 heir -.a;y,,
'p t beu ith geuth-ne--:, rn,1l -ee tbi lt Cbil-
!irt i'* servants duo he ami8le. Fowls that ate
illd ,ir. Ie. valuable in every respect than those
hat are gentle and quiet. As to size I prefer
arge fowls as easier fenced against, and because
lawks cannot carry them off. Hawks will sel-
ltoin pounce upon and eat them, unless the poul-
try-yard is too much neglected by its keeper.

. ED. AenRICULTrSuT: Doubtless some of the
readers of youi paper have had little experience
in farming in Florida, and I dare say many have
had much difficulty in rai'in. good cabbages.
Farming in the New England States, New
York, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, 'Wisconsin,
and Michigan, and farming in Florida, are as
different as can be. It is better to know nothing
of farming'in the Northern States than to be a
good .farmer, in case he engages in agriculture
A good New York farmer is, apt to be stub-
born in his opinions. He will say, I've been
a farmer all my life; raised on a farm; never
was at any other business; I know; there's no
use telling me; these Southerners don't know
how to farm; just let me get at it and I will show
them a thing or two; plow deep; plant your
cabbages in February and March," &c., &c., and
so he goes at it, and runs through with what lit-
tle money he has and all he can borrow. The
merchants knbw beforehand not to trust him,
and he wonders at it; then he writes to some
friend to send him some money to get back home
again. He curses Florida, and gives us a bad
name, when the trouble is his own bull-headed-
ness. He should ask how this ant that should
be done; he should find some one who has been
successful, and imitate him till he can feel his
way along without too much of this dear experi-
ence; he should do as his neighbors do till he
can experiment on a small scale-till he finds
his way i" really the best, and then enlarge.
Mr.-Honeymoon Nursery has often remarked
that I was quite cautious, and asked more ques-


atri doit ia n,...h a'- 2- : j "
our people the wany.'b
i their cenmal soil anid climate, a. lt wia
ing lhel in t. tbe .Lbs.h.ite ne(ssi'y 0(f tuniing a
part, at least, oC tbe'ir Lttenlion from c.)tron, and la
Jiiering it to -o.iie oue or more ot the other
io.ic *-eadiy .cultivatre ,.,-i trio:bles"nme, and bet
Lter-pavying crop:
It is e.i:dceil to a eerti;aty, from -iad expeti-
ence, that cottiio, reiLniirne, a it doe. hlial dersd '
'longer-contoitld work than almost ntuy other
crop whatever, cannot in the present -t:tte of
our labor market, be lulnivated Ltoulvautage,
.and it therefore behooves us to look about us,
and. instead of risking our all on .one uncertain,
poor-paying article, to pursue the sound and only
-true policy of.having'" many strings to our bow "
-in other words, of dt,'s 'ir>,ig our crops. In
doing this we can hardly go amiss, when in Mid-
dle and West Florida alone we have such articles
from which to make our.selection as sugar-cane,
the grape, the tea plant, the jute, the Japanese
silk,'the orange, &c., all of which will, undoubt-
.edly, better, than cotton, and be attended
with,far less trouble. and expense of time and
-money.; The orange, experience has demonstra-
ted, can be cultivated to advantage onobur sea-
coast, though not succeeding well in the up-
country districts. Ginger, also,' will- probably
prove & success in many.. localities, as the soil is -
suitablie and ith climate nut too :old. It requires
n,, more work than the iweet.-potato, and will
p'ay uto 1o th1 r b hundred dulilars to the acre, at
only ten cents per pound ...
South FloiidA, in addition' to all. the crops .
above enumerated, can grow nearly all of the
semi-tropical products, from coffee to the most
tempting, luscious, and money-paying fruits.
Shall it be said that we are laboring under the &
"'embarrassment du 'riches;" tirLt ot of of r very
opulence grows, hesitation and doubt; and that
we are like the girl who wenttibr:.ouhb the cane-
brake in'sear. h of a long, straight pole, and after
examining ao rejecting, came out at last on the
other side with-a miserable, crooked one?
Like all. other sectioqsof the Union, we-are
divided in politics a0d"take our separate party
papers; but, Mr. Editd,'(- lhink wve can all meet -
on the neutrall groun.idof agriculture-read one
common paper, devoli oe, the development of
the products of theoil,'and putting our shoul-,
ders to the wheel, do all we can, jointly and sev-
erally, to the promotion of the good cause. For
an; agricultural paper, therefore, to command the
confidence and support of all who are interested
in the evil, it must of necessity show no leaning
to either party, but carefully eschewing all poli-
tics, quietly pursue its grand mission by devoting .
its columns wholly and exclusively to the devel-
opment of the products of the soil, 1pnd It-,: lit-
tle of the general news of the -Jday. Tais doOid,
it will be eagerly read and surponl t ed Y ts
patrons, and all will be well with it. "L
Yours respectfully, W, F. RonRiioN.


',."1, -w


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4G RFi6 U LT U R I ST.


Soft ws the air of spring, and, at her feet,
The-turf, full swift; was turning green and sweet,
As fr9m the city Rabbi Nathan passed,
Mustig on Him who is the first and last.
The tuneful birds h h heard in woodlands dim,.
Wooing each other with that vernal hymn,
Which, flowing first from the great heart above,
Keeps fresh-the world with its perpetual love.
Anon he came to where with eager toil
An aged man, fretting the fragrant soil
With his sharp spade, did mate a place to set
A Cobar tree-the greatest wonder yet
For seventy years the Cober tree must row,
Full seventy years leaves bear and shadows throw,
Ere to fairtruit its fair sweet blossoms turn,
For all the day-god's ever-llo ing urn.
"What madness this !" doth Rabbi Nathan cry ;
S Thon workest here as one not born to die;
As if thyself didst hope that of this tree
Fruit yet should come to be a joy to thee."
Then turned the aged man and gently said
"This tree shall giow long after I am dead;
But though its fruit my hands may never gain,
My planting, Rabbi, will not be in vain.
"Have I not eaten of the Cobar tree ?"
S. My father's father planted it for me.
So plant I this, that in the coming days
My children's children may my labor praise."
Thou fpol !" the Rabbisaid, to work for those
Who may or may no hbe, Heaven only knows.
All earthly things full soon must pass away;
'Tis only work for heaven that will pay."
He wandered on, and as the sun, now low.
Rushed to its setting, and a sudden glow
Filled all the West, he laid him dowNi to sleep,
Nor guessed how long the charm its power would keep.
For many a moon did wax and wane again,
And many a year did bring its joy and pain,
Ere he awoke ; arid, not far off, behold -
What seemed the tree that he had known of old*
But now it was full-grown, and at its root
A man full-grown was eating of its fruit,
'Who gaid, wlien asked how came it thus to be,
"My father's father planted it for me."
Then Rabbi Nathan knew that seventy years,
With all their precious freight of smiles and tears,
Had fled sincere had lain him down to sleep,
And felt thhslumber o'er his eyelids creep.
Hed. wandered back into the city street,
But saw no friend with voice of rreet
-.,.r,,;h i.. r j, .iIi. I ., ,, .. i ., I, 1 ',, h
Tb- ,a... .-.

,. : : rr,

C't l.l m .' -; i .',r i' ,' t "

r fi-v


'v o months s the bears have
-1the.:sea-coast f'ro,m the creat
pine woods and cypress s'4waw.s i 'the
S inte 'i.:.:. They are..a-r. to thb ocean
S beach in search of turtle eggs, for which
S they' ha~e a keen reliish. The turtles
g break trom the sea on th.- uight :f May
7. iFrom that time until ibh 1st of Sep-
teniber they throng the beach. After
depositing their eggs beneath the burning
sand they settle" down among the coral
rocks that appear above the water at low
tide. There they are caught by the few
people living along the coast between'
St. Augustine and Key West, who are thus
furnished with a delicacy almost unknown.
in N.-:wth.i-:r latitudes. Some of the fish-
ermen .carry their turtles to Key West,
but the market there is generally over-
stocked, and the business is by no means
remunerative. "
Of all the turtles tr,,,u,?iting the beach
the green turtle is the most highly prized.
In early spring many of these are caught
'in nets in the Indian, Hillsborough, and
Haliax' river--. The water is salt and sub-
ject tp the action of the tide. The nets
are stretched across the channels of the
rivers. As the turtles come lumbering
along with the current, they are entangled
in the meshes and captured. The fisher-
man drops his 'prey in what is termed a
"cCiawl," where it is kept awaiting the
market demand, or until its captors
hanker for turtle steaks or soup. The
turtle crawls are distinguishing features
of the salt water rivers. Cypress stakes
are driven into the sand and water some
rods from the shore in the form of a
square. The water is from two to three
feet in depth, and flows through the in-
tervals between the stakes. At a dis-
tance the crawls look like pig-pens at an-
chor. The word crawl is probably a
corruption of the Spanish correl. The
natives persist in pronouncing and spell-
ing it c-r-a-w-1.
While in captivity the turtle seems per-
fectly at- home. He is purely a water
hog. As long as his stomach is filled he
is happy. .He is fed a peculiar grass
resembling pulse that is fund upon the
V bottom of the rivers. It is this grass
% that. gives the green, turtle a cdlicious
flavor. Like the canvas-back duck, he
subsists Ientirely up6n a vegetarian diet.

44mip I*abigo.

LT ieF:ffadaaileep-whi~ ie a lir -of
gulls are making love upon its back.
I have heard Floridians s-peak hihlyy
of a land turtle which attains a laige ize
in the lower part of the peninsula. It
lives in holes it. the giroiund. They ca. it
a gopher. It resemble, the common I i-l
turtle of New York and New Jersey, m..l
is protected by a hinged doo,:r of hIll,
1:-oth fo:re- and aft. Ne.groes and Ii-limn.
o. into: ecstacies over its -teamin so:..
The inhabitants of the cast, howeve-,
prize its eggs far above the turtle. 1F-
miles begin laying on the 7th of Mai.-
Old turtle-catchers assert this date wit
much positiveness. They say that no tu-
tle was ever known to drop'an egg ':,e-bi
the 7th. The females generally cor,,
upon the beach at night. Their. course
upon the sand is, marked by the trailing
of their tails and flippers. The trail fr6i
the water to a point above high tide isats
straight as a line. Approaching a chosen
spot, the. turtle makes a gentle swerved to
the north, and sounds the sand with her
flippers. Satisfied of the desirableness of
the situation, she begins to. .dig a hole.'
To do this her hind-flippers alone are,
used. Her work is remarkable, if not ar-
tistic. The hole is shaped like the inside
i of a large jug. 'Its neck is' small, but its
. interior is circular, and from fifteen to
twenty or more inches in diameter. The
sides are smooth and rounded through the
use of the flippers. No workman in"- a
pottery could turn out a job more true.
Frequently the turtle is dissatisfied with
her labor. Probably she finds the ground
undermined by the bright-eyed sand-crabs
that dance along the shore. In that ease
she makes a curve to the east and marches
directly to the water, emerging at some
other point and going through the same
performance. Sometimes she digs four or
five holes before she begins to deposit her
Her nest finished, the female turtle set-
tles down to her work. Up to this time
she invaribly takes to the water at the
approach of a stranger. After she begins
to lay, the presence of aift army would not
frighten her. A man could, stand upon
he; back, and she would keep her position
until the last egg was dropped. Dr.
Frank Fox, a well known hunter of New
Smyrna, tells me that he once saw a bear
take his stand behind a turtle ox the nest.,
Bruin caught the eggs in alternate paws
as they fell, and devoured them with a

An usually walks the beaehm
bet'ore sunrise and aftei autn-et. Ii' the,'
tide is lo:, he finds the nests by the trails
leading, from the water. The deposit is
always found on the curve of the trail
above hi,'h water mark. The packed sand
indicates its locality. Many turtles, how-
ever, make what, are called false nests.
They take grent pAius to leave a clear
trail, and p1,ck the ground on the curve
without dropping an egg.' After thus en-
deavoring to mislead the enemies of their
young, they slip off to some quiet spot
and lay. This ruse deceives men, but
never bears. Bruin has a keen node, and
,is always up to snuff. He never wastes
his time on a false nest, and never fails to
stop at a good one. When that is found
he makes the sand fly. As he gradually
scoops it out, his head disappears, and his
hind quarters stand up against the sky.
At such times his joy overcomes his fears.
All cautiousness is thrown aside, and he
relapses into the enjoyment of his delicacy.
A daring man might walk up and pinch
his hind leg without fear of discovery.
More bears are killed while nosing the
nests of turtles than at any other time.
Nothing but a rifle-ball will keep a bear
from a turtle hole.
While at Lake Worth I heard a story
of two egg-hunters who went out on the
;.beach just after the sun had set. One of
them discovered a nest and was about to
i rifle it, when his companion said, Let us
' : on and find another one before dark.
We can dig this up on the way back." The
e'-lhunter replied that he was afraid some
bear might.get ahead of him. Oh, throw
,your coat' on the nest, and no bear will
dare to touch it," said his comrade. The
coat was thrown down. They found a
second nest' three-quarters of a mile down
the beach. Its eggs were secured and
they were on their way home, when they
iaw a huge bear come out of the palmetto
.crub and walk along the shore, sniffing.
br eggs. The men were unarmed. The
)ear raised his head and saw the coat.
n a jiffy the garment was torn into carpet
iags, and the sand was flying from the
lest. 'ghe egg-hunters heard the smack-
iig of Bruin's chops with sorrowful faces,
aid never again dropped a coat upon a,
turtle's nest.
Millions of. eggs are destroyed every
year. Coons and opossums train in the
wake of the bear, and sour the beach.
Opossums have been caught so stuffed




The loggerheads and other varieties eat smack of the chops that could be heard at
fish, and are not so eagerly sought. the distance of a hundred yards. Bears
TUE KING OF THE SANDS. have been known to watch turtles for
The beach is the summer resort of tk/ hours, and then tear them in pieces be-
coarser-grained turtles. A few green cause they showed no disposition to lay.
ones troop along in their wake, but they The eggs are deposited at a depth of
are outnumbered by the loggerheads and from fifteen to eighteen inches. They are
shellbacks. The king of the sands is the .not oval, but round, and nearly the size of
great trunk-back turtle. He carries, sa hen's egg. The shell is flexible, and
shell built up from his back like a tower white as snow. It is as elastic as rubber.
and presents an interesting appearance a Dent an egg with your thumb and the
he crawls along the sand. Beach-comber identation Vill last for hours. Egg-hunt-
say that their shells are from two to fiv ers always carry a bag in which they drop
feet thick. The flesh is regarded as the eggs. A bag of eggs can be thrown
great luxury, and single shells are sold t across a horse the horse ridden at full
curiosity-seekers at prices ranging frog gallop, and no n egg be broken.
Sfifty to a hundred dollars.. The trunh APPEARANCE OF THE YOUNG TURTLES..;
back, however, is becoming very scare In filling their nests the females dis-
None are taken north of Lake or play marvellous skill. The eggs, are de-
They keep below the line of frost. i posited in layers so arranged. at there
size they are enormous. Mr. Charh is not an inch of room' to spar. No hu-
Moore, of Castle Rag, tells me that b man hand could show such a kflowledge of
has trapped them weighing from six p packing. Beach-combers are frequently
eight hundred pounds. It is hard to sy astonished at the quantity of eggs taken
what causes the peculiar conformation if from a small nest. They say they have
the shell. Mr. Moore thinks they are c4- repeatedly tried tb replace them as they
tenarian loggerheads, and that each ride found them, but in, no instance have they
is the weight of a certain number of yean. succeeded in getting more than two-thirds
Their necks are shrivelled, and I .cr of them back in the hole. From seventy-;
the marks of old age in their face T'hy five to one hundred and fifty eggs are
bite ferociously, and could easily nip ofla found in each nest.'" The general average
leg or an arm. ,. r is 130. Dr. FoN.says, that he has un-
THE LEATHER-BACK AND THE GOPHER, ear\hed 170. Last year, however, Dr.
Turtles caught on the beach between Wallace, of Turtle Mound, discovered a
Jupiter and Cape Sable average from 1i 0 hole containing 210 eggs. This is proba-
to 350 pounds. Many people eat the lg-, bly the lFrgest nest ever, found on the
gerheads. Some declare that they prefer Florida coast.
it to the green turtle. The descendant 'oi When the female has filled her nest she
the Minorcans cook it in a w avthat clel covers the hole with a moistened sand,
stroys the fishy taste and rend the meal and packs 'it down with her flippers, No
extremely palatable. Its breath is fetid garden roller could make it more solid..
and disagreeable, but there is nothing The spot is then sprinkled with,'l9ose
offensive about a green tuitle. sand, and the old turtle returns to the
The most delicious of all is the leathei- sea. The eggs hatch withiii thirty-five
back. This is a small turtle, found ia days. The summer sun is veryr-warm,
I.,:,th fresh an;ii'dl alt watcr. At the etl.--, and.l the sand becomes ,so l-,E that it blil--
its shIll is a, soft as jiuib:.- ,-st-, but iL- terms the feet. When" the young .:.usa
cl'reatse in -.:lid.ity a it mount- th.e ba-.k. :.reak the shell t.LeV swarm Itthe sirfacee
The cintre.- :,f th'e ack is of a circilar aind take -. & ee hle ft".r the water. In-
f...rm, about the ize i. ,f I trade di.- ar, an.d stinet Ya-ints ott the directt roi.ute. Men
bar.l as iv:ory. The leather-ba,:k ik taken h, lr'e'driven shingles a;aroun.1 a turtle's
while sleeping up.,.n te -,,fi e~, ,f th, -a. .,t and awaited the hatching of the
ter.. None ar -e.-t Nurt. h." I -- ar. -/ogs. Tlioui h out of sight of the water,
" ugh.t 1 l'-. nau..lhll ,."atf-h.:,ok,' t.e-'' the little ones would crowd the side of the
lin fot i c is jeried thr~io'h tlhei,- ft inclosure nearest the ocean, and die there
S .-o i -b el.l ALon l unless released. When dropped behind a
e. ind- i sand bank they turn tO the east, and.
c travel in ihat'-direcion with the co ..
eagerness ofM hs.

with eggs that they could hardly walk.
When settler lives near the beach, his
hogs fatten themselves upon the nests.
Mankind comes in for the smallest share.
Dr. Wallace gathered 5,000 eggs last year
before the season was half over. Of
course, he had more than his family could
eat. The eggs threatened to spoil on his
hands. One night his mules were without
corn. He dumped a peck of turtle eggs
in their manger. The beasts seemed to
like them better than grain. After that
the Doctor fed them eggs once a day
throughout the summer, and the animals
became as fat as butter. Soon afterward
his dog developed a taste for them, and
between the dog, mules,- and family the
Doctor had his hands full to keep ufp the
supply. I
The eggs can be kept from five tb six
weeks. They are used for all cooking
purposes, and are said to be more nutri-
tious than hen's eggs. For pies, custards,
and similar delicacies they are all that can
be desired. Fried, boiled, scrambled, or
knocked into an omelet, they are savory
and palatable. No effort has ever been
,made, to ship them North, where they
would undoubtedly be appreciated.
Hundreds of turtles are caught on the
beach by moonlight. They cannot walk
quite so fast as a man. It requires pecu-
liar skill to handle them. They are seized
by the-shell above the hind flipper, and
turned on their tacks as quick as an old
Californ."*o'ill'1 turn a flapjiack. There
i a- knack about it that is not easily ac-
quired. An expert has a quic,.k eye and
a quick motion. He is as suple as a hickory
sapling. If the turtle is large, he throws
himself over with it, thus turning a com-
plete sommersault. If the,monster is not
thrown -in the twinkling of an eye, it
raises itself to its leis and shoves for the
water, -avhtig its pursuer flat on the sian]d.
A l:eaeh-comb,her, weihin.' no more than
a bhunIred pounds, ean ritch over a three
.hun.i.lred-pounder with the
"2i-eatest ease. Strangers are advised not
tc experiment with the ;lg',erheads, as
they are wicked when annoyve., and are
apt to l'ite. A story is toIl ":,f a fat rnan
who endeavored to lift a large green fel-
low into. his-'boat. The turtle seized him
lIv the slack of thie stomach, and the man
. set up a roar that startled all the bears in
t.i. vietY. Fortunately his pantaloons
wejrz't 'i-he escaped without se-

- ye aiil&CC Pa-e, i -e T i -e
.g.tieifl n'ar Mosquito IDnlet, weighing
i'-re.than five hundred pound's. The
turtle wia sllinEg a nest, ai as of such
a Size that it wasii ueless t ii-Tnk of iurn-A
ing it by main strength. In this dilemma
Pacettiscoo'peda great bole'in the sand
at the side of thre nest. As the monster
rose anl started for the sea le exerted all
his strength, and] tunible, it into thehole.
It striuk u:pon its.,-ack and -e-t its flippers
in motion. Pace'tti says- that for five
minutes he thought, the sky was filled
with ashes. The sand flew in all. direc-
tions, 'an4 the turtle woiild have- covered
a regiment if it had had the opportunity.
Once on' its back a turtle is helpless. It,
will throw sand faster than a fanning-mill
can spout chaff, but it is securely anchored,'
and will lay there until it dies, if not re-
moved. .Beach-combers turn their turtles
by moonlight, and secure them in the
Some of the inhabitants take their tur-
tles in the heat of the day with a ca t-net.
I spent one day hunting them with Dr.
William Wittfeld, formerly of Philadel-
phia. The Doctor walked along the surf
at low tide, carefully watching the sunken
coral rocks. The turtles would rise be-
tween the rocks and blow like porpoises.
In an instant the cast-net was in. the air.
As it spread' on the water and sank the
turtle was meshed, and the Doctor rushed'
into the sea, caught it by the flipper, and
dragged it out. These turtles were small
green ones. Their meat was tender and
juicy, and the Doctor preferred them to
those caught in the rivers. They fed upon
the delicate sea-weed growing between
the coral formations.
During the summer Colonel Titus, of
Kansas and Nicaragua fame, visits the
beach below Cape Canaveral, and spends
six weeks in turtling. He has tents and
servants, and camps out like an old vet-
eran. As he is entirely crippled by bul-
lets and rheumatism, he can do but little
besides overseeing the job. I hear that
he is one of the most successful turtlers
on the Indian river.
With all its enemies on land, the turtle
has a ferocious assailant in the water.
Enormous sharks, cruel and voracious,
frequent the coast and inlets of Florida.
They attack the largest turtles, biting off
their heads and flippers without ceremony.
During the latter part of April I caught
an old loggerhead near New Smyrna. It (
had been stranded at high tide in the <








male Sitnoo [I .-_.rau-iT in lo.,, ci.n.,a- i'tiliriitiy- nIl
6f..Winehester. or a hcaca IIf Cumberia-itl Monntsiuns.
Tenresse. Commenr.e' irs arin ot see6l,)ra of trn mith6 h
on the FIRST MONDAY, EN SEPTEMBER. Sdtil under
ir.- rr.,t inl ail Peneiiera. Z.-C-UR.AVES, LLD.: For
!lh.:-r .-i.'ljr- -' ad eih-apr.:-, a.,f aiJ.a'rfin i, D.:.r tee.'_'stei
Il ar.v-, ii- a e -a irin.: .:'a, t -ir N i i- r C'ari ..j :.- "'.il.tnIni'
niG a.l: -Lu.riaul parra..-i'ar
G N VALMS.LEY. TI."a-iirr

Russellv-ile, Ky.
ENDOWMENT $-200,000.
SSSSend for a Catalogue.
Chairman of the Faculty.

New and Second-Hand, of First-Class Mla-
kers, -will be sold at 6Lower Prices for cash, or on
Installments, or for rent, iin City or Country,
during this month, by HORACE WATERS
& SON, No'.481 Broadway, than ever before
offeredinNew York. SPECIALTY: Pianos
Or-ans to let until the rent money pays
the price of the Instrument. Illustrated Cata-
logues mailed. A large discount to Minis-
ters, Churches,, Schools, Lodges, &e. '


, Now for Sale Very Cheap.

Ten Years' Credit, Interest only
:6 Per Cent.

a handsome Illustrated Paper, containing th-: Hi .'.r i a .
LAw. A NEW NUMBER just published, nid. ,i 1.-. i- ,
.au parts of the world.
Address F. DAVIS,
Lapd Commissioner Union-Pacific Railroad,


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of an effort than you feel capable of making'
Then try 'JURUBEBA, the wonderful tonic
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It is no alcoholic appetizer, which stimulates for a short
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but it is a vegetable tonic acting directly on the liver and
It regulates the Bowels, quietsthe nerves, and
gives such a healthy tone to the whole system as to soon
make the invalid feel like a new person.
Its operation is not violent, but is characterized
ly great gentleness the patient experiences no sudden
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Fold their tents like the Arabs,
And sieatly steal away.,' ,
This is no new and untried discovery, but Ihas been
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Ask your dm gist for it. .
ForSale by F. D E & CO., New York.












ration of ten cents per packet. His mos
fertile field of operations was in the larg
workshops and stores.' Nearly all his cui
tomers indulged in twp packets, as it wa
so cheap as well as rare. That he mus
have net.ted".a very handsome suin we b(
lieve, as we know that he t,:-.-k about $4
out of one-large establishment alone, ,an
as he canvassed the business portion c
the eit.y thoroughly (as well as exped:
tiously), he must have been well satisfied
iithh..e results of his labor. The seer
Shee imposed upon his customers proved ti
be .the common garden radish. His plan
of procedure consisted in filling a spontr
m-with seed,. and- after sprouting iti b
ime;ns of hot water, &aC., to perfume i
sufficiently to give-weight o -'his story
" When last heard from he was visiting
Eastern ,cities' and there displaying hiE
wonderful phenomenon.- Catalogue o)
Briggs & Brothers. "

HIGH-PRICED HORsEs.--We give below a lis
of high prices paid for horses in America: Ken
tuicky sold for, $40,000; Norfolk, $15,000; Lex
ington, $15,000; Kingfisher, $15,000; Glenelg
$10,000; Extra, $10,000; Smuggler, $85,000
Blackwood, $30,000; Jay Gould, $30,000 ; Dex
ter, $83,000; Lady Thorue, $30,000; Jim Irving
$30,000; Goldsmith Maid, $20,000; Startle
$20,000; Prospero, $20,000; Rosalind, $20,000
Lulu, $20,000; Happy Medium, $2'5,000; Clara
G., $20,000; Pocahontas, $35,000; Edward Eve.
rett, $20,000; Auburn horse, $13,000; Judge
Fullerton, $20,000; Mambrino Bertie, $10,000;
Socrates, $20,000; George Palmer, $15,000;
Mambrino Pilot,' $12,000; George B. Daniels,
,$8,000; J. G. Brown, $12,000; 'Flora Temple
sold, when aged, for $8,000, for brood mare;
$25,000 was offered and refused for Tom Bowl-
ing last summer; $30,000 was offered and re-
fused for Harry Bassett in his three-year old
form; $25,000 will not to-day buy Baywood or
Asteroid; $40,000 was offered and refused for
Woodford Mambrino, and $20,000 for Thorndale.














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Amendments to the Constitution.

A Y..I:. i's Rls:,.Lrii..-N PA|,I,,.,1mb-ln Ali: dm.oti o to the
Lo ui[p .aii;.' n .i thli ttc ,:, i Fi.-.-rid o.
Al u,,ti, tiri: fc-i.:, a. .1re.daMr Edta 1 i -
, ,.h -;d Siare t,'. En a I t .- "e r, beF*by7
S agreed 0to, a ed hall rn uumlbeime.rppectively and
tia)mledin t -o the I.ople s,fitrtie o: tt -.- -
Sec.trin two of Ariiele foni of tbhe Countiutiou i.
bereby oamntded sO as to tend 6; Ibblows:
SEC tICN -. From nd ad er the firat Tuesdav afcte
the first Monda in Janr-ary, A. D. one tb6oisand
e-lht aimierdrp, d and- :..vrity-erien, rthe- repujir seo-
:a .:.i Lb.: Le--l.latlle 6s :]l r,;: be .i t1io nuirnl ly,
,tj-tineb, o. aali iiiy and on [he c--,rd-,pundin .-
day of everyksecond year thereafter, but. LI G-uveS'-
nor may convene the same in extra session, by his
proclamation. -
ARTICLE II. b i ,/
Section twcenpty-nine of Article four of the Con-
stitution is hGreby amended. so as to read as fol-
lows : .
.SEnTION 29. The Assembly sniall have the sole
power of.impeachment b Ut a'-i -.:. C .f t ,-tut-.i of
all the members present sliall .ba re'imrird Ita. tim-
peach any officer, and all' miopc,. hiut-nt- ihal] be
tried by the Senate. When sitting ftr.that purpose
the Senators shall beoapon,oath or affirmation,'and
no person shall be convicted without the concur-
rence of two-thirds of the Senators present. The
Senate may adjourn to a fixed day for the trial of
any oimleachment, and may sit for the'pm-pose of
such trial whether the Assembly be in session or not,,
but the time fixed for such trial shall not be more
than six months from the time articles of impeach-
ment shall be preferred by, the Assembly. 'The
Chief-Justice shall preside at all trials by impeach-
ment, except in the trial of. the Chief-Justice, when
the Lieutenant-Governor shall preside. The Gov-
ernor Lieutenant-Governor,' members of the Cabi-
net, Justices of the Supreme Court, and Judges of
the Circuit Court, shall be liable- to impeachment
for any misdemeanor (in. office,n bic.judgment- in
such cases shall extend only to removal from office
and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust,
or profit under the State,but the party convicted or
acquitted shall nevertheless bemliable to indictment,
trial, and punishment according to law. All other
officers who shall have been appointed to office by
the Governor, and by and with the consent -f t u.
Su-atuiv, iay i..,: removed from office up-.:o ,
e.,:unain .1htli,-,u of the Governor and e,.'u'tn
0i inb i.ate .-a, ut oi.a, shall nevertheless be.
liable to indictment, trial, and punishment accord-`
ing to law for anymisdemeanor in office. All other
civil officers shall be tried for misdemeanor in office
inm such manner as the Legislature. may provide.
.Section seven of Article twelve of the Constitu-
tin io- tr.Z ,-by Inindedso as tread as follows:
SI:- l:.N '7. Ti h- Legislature shall have power to
provide for issuing State bonds bearing interest for
securing the debtof the' State, for the erection of
State buildings, and for the support of State insti-
tutions, .but the credit of the State shall not be
pledged 6r -loaned .to any .individual company
corporation, or association; nor shall the State
become a joint owner or stockholder in' any
Idmpany, association, .or corporation. The' Legis-
ature shall not authorize any county, city, borough,
ownship, or incorporated become a stock-
holder in any company, association, or corporation,
ar to obtain or appropriated money for, or to loan its
credit to, any corporation, association, Institution,
3r individual. .o .. l
Section five of Article six of the Constitution is
hereby amended so as to read as follows:.
SECTION 5. The Supreme Court shall have appel-
ite jurisdiction in all cases at law and in equity'
iommenced in 'Circuit Courts, and of appeal from
he Circuit Court in cases arising in the County
Ioart as a Court of.Probate, and in the manage-
neat of the estates of infants, and in all criminal
ases commenced in-the Circuit Court. The court
hall have power to issue-writs of mandamus, cer-
iorari, prohibition, .quo waranto,,.-habeas corpus,
ad also all writs necessary or proper to the com-
lete exercise of its jurisdiction. Each of the jus-
ieas shalh have the power to issue writs of habeas
orpss to any part of. the State upon petition by or i
o beallf of any person .held in actual custody
ad may make such writs.-returnable before himself

hr the. Supreme Qofirt, or any justice thereof, or by certify that the foregoin, s a correct transcript
~efor an ClircuiJudge. of the original Joint Resolution propc-sing amend-
Seetiona'eight of Art,:l I o ft be t constitutionn is ments to the'State Constitution, adopted by the
lrerby amended ,:- iaS t-. read a.; foll,:-es: Le1gisatu re of Flo.,rlda at Lhe ,'eular sesl ou ao"
ISro5rtION 3. The r'n. uit C-ourts aill have original A.. 174, no on file rin taii office
hrisdictloe ii t al esa in ,:,L OV, also in allrcases Given undir my band and the Great Seal of th,
Slawn Ju whici theL- demand or the value of the ate of Florida, .it Tallaha-ee. the Ci-
p-of- ertsv iv,:,d .ezo_-eds d-e hiunrord'dolniars, and [L.s.] tal, this dret day of August, Db74.
all Cers ,lolm[ i e li laihty of a,_y trix asSes.- SAM. .l ..> I" A X B.,A McLrrN,
tien thl-, -:i mr nieipal -an" n, rnd of the a.:tc o :,l':,-.3 Secretary of State.
Ilr'tti C lent, ,yan-, .fi a aeain,.,a ,nd of a-ti S
irolving the tLills ot ri.r-.t of p:Osssion of .real
atewanTall aiiminal ea ercet such as mayYork Ti es
S .ogniaie hby law oy infda',r-.r,-rts. Theyshall
hive appellate jurisdiction of matters peitainWing to I
Lie rpt oatue jurisdiction and the estates and interests
o inin':,ra in the County Courts, and of such other
natters as may be provided by law, and final appal t
S14e jurisdiction in- all civil cases arising in-the court T EA TNE' IF RK DAILI TIMJE-,
jo a justice of the peace in which the amount or IS .'
v,.iieL i1 r.r-.perty Involved is twenty-five dollars N-
atil iip-aiFd-, and of misdemeanorsti-ed before any TH NLY RPUBLIAN JOUnRAL
Jieti.:e's oi Mlavor's Court. The Circuit Courts and
ju gesshall have power to issue writs of mandamus, IN THE CITY OF NEW YOIRK:
ifinction, quo warrant, certiorari, habeas corpus, "
an all writs proper and necessary to the complete T E' WE -V" 7 T1i' f..
'ehrcise of thei- jurisdiction. TI
t-a ,t.-n -..r ,f Article six of the Constitution is "The Weekl- T- undobtedi t- ces
eciion eleven of Article six of the Constitution pwhoer lef r-m.l rth,-t mrlhaiea es endejor all
is lereby amended so as to read as follows: w -eeklymals., -it xn tiL, a servediti only e y
,kCTION 11. The County Court shall have power comments on Crren1t torpc, n an ito eellnt catrnidlena-
to ake probate of wills, to grani letters testament- tion of he news rf 0ithe-,l ,, n en,1 p rn
ar, and of administration and guardianship, to at- events both h-r,:n ain loreigo, are renewed at
reiad tothe settlement of the estates of decedents length'and a large quait of matter i giv en
ase of'minors, and to discharge the duties usually fent.h inter larie" utoit of Vm atter a i pane Is
pertaining to Courts of Probate, subject to the di- oiai1. ci r",e:' r t1er fmll-et and mioet acrate Its
redionand supervision of the appellate and equity th- ,ut.i T-rm-, I-crarn tlm.
jmiasdictionof the Circuit Courtas maybe provided C t. tI, A The'~ T ekly'al. to ne 1 c. t-
by' Bw. And the County Judges shall have and ex- offce address-Five copies per num, .r; Te ,
erche the civil and criminal jurisdiction of justices copies, per annum, $12.50; Tweuty (oties, per an
uofpth ce pc e. They ay also have jurisdiction of num, $2; Thirty copies, per annum, -:30, and otie
suc t peeedings relating to the forcible henry o extra copy to each club. For every iT o C-f lf
unlwfaetention of lands and tenementsand tenements subject one copy of Th e i.We.k.vr f i
to t1e appellate jurisdiction of the Circuit Court as getter-up oI the duc f .. n.r
may be provided bylaw. When th. nam -s of s tscribers O. e ,-ialr t, .
S9etion fifteen of Article six of the Constitution be written pu-a Ie,:ch aper rof the clat nt. 'po_: .'
is hii-eby amended so as to read as follows: I-t wfl-.e Oahilia-st en centh, for each copy :.dnitapni to.a
SCTIION 15. The Governor shall appoint as many hf, c at,. .each p. d n
Justices of the Peace as he may deem necessary. Te bsm-\V lv atd.,-,:tiT nL ,, I .i t..
Justices of the Peace shall have jurisdiction in civil e, A bV, I at t-. LOOest atI.A
actions at lawin cases in which the amount or value iic --e [..rices at'r, invariable. Remit ji r, .
involved does not exceed one hundred dollars ;and New York or Post'office Money Orders. if .-:- ,
in cieminal cases their powers sail be fixed bylaw. neither of y the 'anbest ar el r
Their powers, duties, and responsibilities shall be the money in a register.. h it. ,. T.:rr, (,ash in
regulated by law. They may hold their offices for advance. M .
the term of four years, subject to removal by the THE NEw- ORE TME,:
Govd-nor for-'easons satisfactory to him. New Y ork ty.
Section seven of Article six of the Constitution is .

E, :TI.:.N ': 1 :y ,. :hb t l ll : i- ,.. C il,:ill T .iii j ,. ,i --
l,.,, thoi d .. tl_.- hi- ,:.', -..: bar ai al :ubiS t in-d t. tb;e ., Ti. ,T0 A I ui- u nd ti
ti. a .ll l i a ana icAMERICAN CYOLOPI EDIADe .
t1rie W -i n -a. a1iti-.OE- nvi t a le tar ,- 4, thei r ,liAiita .
ti-o i,' lat iL, .:.iMk d '-,dd int. :fi% .- J,.1 ,ai New Revised Edition.
a-ni. n d,li6r_-,1 h. tiLa, 'C-,'n tt kt.:,u, "aU.1 tl ,,
ii4L': ' _1 a- .-.b ,:it,.iit i.ilI i'cld.l I th- >: ir.laat to Enl i a.: irr-Ic, rttr tE r v i. at.: l t Wlntei r-t ,,i o t'rcry
ti-a h h sh.,il t-: appout.t:d. E.1.E,-:c. r, eu hali b--I nId ,r, .,t Pi,,nted t'rom new type, ard thlu.-
t e rmi -,fi t -:-,At, rt at nti,' i.-ime adi d flaca a,_t.:d with everi Tn,.,Lan, En-
in ly l. 1 .ic6rn eidl n |LiiW, abd Lbe ina V holid I-p:-,,aI ... th e rl n. .i En-
Itlp i. 'lLtt-. ,-! lthi-'- lt ]a l,:i. Tb.. C iiCei.l ,ii-tri V,.'D; s au-, J M a,.1 .
piayjn hiea di ,.Lrc i.n., anlfr t-'ci[p..rar exthaa.--___ .
Judge -'i hold a L:t i..r.ii 6pc:' ie i, a.. r n,'par[ t, a Tie .work lii-iainaiy pu'.libed under theie title of
t6nBm, Shyotih.'! aI;rIii t. tliaD tLtI ,r.l i n t.bieli Ih.. Tat NEw AMi ji-a'..iN (a .-LOP.EDIA was completed rf.'
--ra llI a 1.. s ince.whtat-viW."thwide c rcaida6whj'c :j a
[j',A .ixctl-.;u ii at 'Lhe ConstiL_. it ha; attSIareLifa T 6,01tt'hor.OiLtd Sates, an d "
-ll Ina. N-4a dAAaa a. .-~:t.~~

0 1.:0 1 t iF-a=
Jidic U
toln',e~ -

- 7..i




ThiASecond .Judicia Ciroulft1 e'-V E Opd'of
the coindti or Liberty,. Gadederi, Leon, Wakulte,
Jefeiron, Madi&on, T&ylor, and La Fayette.
Th6 Third JadicialCircutt'ib ll &.e comr..poedpf
the connSlts ,f-Haniilton, Suwnne,.. Collimbia, .
her. Bradiord, AlaI.:Ua, and Levy.
Ti, F.:.urth Jiidi.:ial Circuit tiall be 1 :,0 m -sed oi
the counties of Nassau, Duval, Clay, St. Johns, Put.
anm,Volusia, Orange, Brevard, and Dade.
Tha: Fifth Judicial Circuit shall be composed of
the counties of Marion, Sumnter, Hernando, Hills.
boroigh, Polk, Manatee, andMonroe. .
Section twelve of Article six of the Constitution
is heiby amended so as to read as follows:'
SEqION 12. Grand and petit jurors shall be taken
from the registered voters of the respective coun-
ties. .The number of jurors for the thial of causes
in anj court may be fixed by law.
'Seeons seven and eight of Article sixteen of the
Constitution are, hereby abrogated.
Secfion twenty-four of Article sixteen of the Con-
stitu lon is hereby amended so as to read as fol-
lows 'i
SEii':,- 24. The property of all corporations,
b.iaI blretofore or hereafter incorporated, shall
i" iiT .: to taxation, unless such property be held
and Used exclusively for religious, educational, or
charitable purposes.
Section twenty-two of Article five of the Consti-
tution shall-read as follows:
StcrION 22. The Governor shall have power to
disapprove of any item or items of any bill making
appropriations of money embracing distinct items,
and ihe part or parts of the bill approved shall be
the law, and the item or items of appropriation
disapproved shall be void unless repassed according
to the rules and limitations prescribed for the pas-
sage'of other bills over the Executive veto.
Section fourteen of Article five of the Constitu-
tion;is hereby amended so as to read as follows:
SECTION 14. A Lieutenant-Governor shall be
pIected at the same time and places and in the same
dinner as the Governor, whose term of office and
.iapbilitv shall also be the same.. He shall be the
eidient of the Senate, but shall only have a cast-
ing'vote therein. In the case of the impeachment
of thi Governor or his removal from office, death,
inability to discharge his official duties, or resigna-
tion, lthe power and duties of the office shall devolve
uppon the Lieutenant-Governor for, the residue of
theterme, or until the disability shall cease. In the
case of the impeachment of the Lieutenant-Governor
or hi removal from office, death, inability to dis-
charge his official duties, or resignation, the power
and duties of the office shall devolve upon the Pres-
ident pro tem. of the Senate. I .o, .
In case a vacancy shall occur both in the offices
of Governor and Lieutenant-Govprnor, the Legisla-
ture, shall at its next session order an election to
fill such' vacancies. But the Governor shall not,
wai,,,Lat the consent of the Legislature, be out of
"th, Sl ate in time of war. .
is el.?nti fifteen of Article five of Ihe Consti futio'
is hereby abrogated.
Section sixteen of Article five-of the Constitution
i i-rbvi:.rr-unded so as to read as follows :
.tE.:Ti.I-N i. Thtf Governor may at any tiuie re,.
quire the opinion of the Justices of the Supreme
Court as to the interpretation of any portion of this
Constitution upon any question affecting his execu-
tive!powers and duties, and the justices shall render
such opinion in writing. .
Passed the Assembly January 81, 1874, by a two-
thirds vote of the members of the-Assembly.
Passed the Senate February 5, 1874, by a two-
thirds vote of the Senators.
I, SA.MUEL B. McLIN, Secretary of State, do here-




. .

', a-




'1P io u referee an Iprpera -.
THemovment, of poutielif
--wih- .l, di,ovries of .se.nee, aondt.-fi f oitfalt
aprl.If.on t.,? the indutrilsiand u-etui arts, andtht? und rejinementr ot social lie. Great
wars. and onoe.aouent revolutions have occui:rd, in-
Sv.)lvirst L.ational changes of peculiar m:.mment. The
ivil war of" our oMn -:ountry, which wia at -its
be-hbt whn the lat volumeni of the old work ap.
rpear.-d, is L h.a-.pilj been ,,-O id. and a n w c aurse of
c.l. r~ .:tail iti.r influ-trlial a-.i.;tln [v hI tleeni toni -
Large accessions to our -e:icra[.lhic.L knowledge
have been made by the, i-ratati .l. e sxpi.:,rer ai
The great political revolutions of the last decade,
with the natural result of tle lapse of i;ae, have
brought into public view a multitude of -new men,
whose' names are'in every one's mouth, and ot
whose lives every one is curious to know the par-
ticulars. Great battles have been fought and fmppr-
tant sieges maintained, of which the details are as
yet preserved only in the newspapers or in the
transient publications of the day, but which ought
now to take their place in permanent and authentic-
In preparing the. present edition for the press, it
has accordingly been the aim of the editors to bring
down the information to the latest possible dates,
and to furnish an accurate account of the most re-
cent discoveries in science, of every fresh produce,
tion in literature, and of, the newest inventions in
the practical arts, as well as to give a succinct and
original record of the progress of political and his-
torical eXents.
The work has been begun after long and careful
preliminary labor, and with the most ample re-
sources for carrying it on to a successful termina-
None of the original stereotype plates have been
used, but every page has been printed on new type,
forming in fact a new Cyclop:edia, wjih the same
plan and compass as its predecessor, but with a far
greater pecuniary expenditure, and with such im-
provements n' its composition as have been sug-
gested by -longer experience said enlarged, know -
Ib-. ,lluliratitOn- which are introduced f:,r the first
lime iu tilt: pi,ent edition have been added not for
:L- .il: of r.-i.tor.ral effect, but to gire Zreater alucid-
"tA : ti force tu ttcexSplanationosin the tezt. They em. al? branches of science and of natural history,
ajn d-pi: t the mlst famous and remarkable features
ol ..s-cnery. architecture, and art, as well as the vii-
*o pi ui.ei o o'mecLhanic and maunulactures. Al-
thoughint--rdicd for instruction rather tit embel-
lishment, no pains have been spared to insare their
artistic excellence; lthe cost of their execution is
enormous, and it is' believed they will find a wel-
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pwedia, and worthy of its high character.
This work is sold to subscribers only. payable on
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Five. *-.l.-. now ready. Succeeding volumes,
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Address the Publishers,
296-305 549 and 551 Broadway, N.Y. e


.9uld by-_l uDn -; t

, elt r o imary. eut u m, et. 'Theo re. 1 .',. HUS Y &, -O .EL L:


h here Lhii morning on the sIt. dflI1 WohiteWELL
ticeqnaubkc tbi gttmO1arI. put the hotel. The colore r ..ILdHUS8B unuwt- Y
g> s r r -' a p s- *- ,to understand the presence of itnla b outSS .
of men, became. much excited. 0nEALEBS .
F'ro.n, W,-,hfton .' o'clock the Mayor obtained 'n,,ses .... b" "' .
WASHINGTON, August 12.-The annual report sn ad pace o r EA ER AND
_of the Dep.artment of Agriculture wil ,"probably shipment by the'f.rst'steamer. (o the ar. .." L V YF" ,
e f onthe little steameraderthe3s-iippiau BAY STREET,, NEAR LAURA, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
not be published till after'.the meeting of Con-t
Snress.e The appropriationi for printing this re- crted by the m dbyor, sheriff, indi e ih "A :'. A. R. A C0 .OIL FL
rt, contrAry to precedeAt, is to be disbursed and followed by.' a crowd of ,,egliec. .4,r, o. .. ... ..i 3
subject to the order 'of the ed misiof e r, and marched on board the Trader and sbippei SOLE GENTS IN .'iA "N'iVLLE FOR I,.L'FJ OBILDBEN'S FINE SHOES.
oet he Congressional Printer, a heretofore. Austin. There lihs been not'h ;uS eliabi .l n -. I "r "" M E SO .
not ofeatterrefuses to prin t it unless theappro- Austin to-day! Negroesrepo:t a ight ith-re t 5 8 Goods sentl y mail... .. to o p ..I the State. .
Theatteron refuses to his credit it unless t, which o appro- night, andthat six or eight hire. mer, e
ner Watto refused killed. The following has just been receir. an The announcement used gen- tried Osnaburgs.......... d 12@ 15
TeCottoner crop prluesuents a better appearan e A- tr and Go.i a 'nany.d T ment cased sa rs n.. d 11 15
asT the atoterp l as int th er rinc C n I o n AusiMi2 eralgus t 1j an hng in the capital. The Post's special Flour, Northern,superfine...bbl 7 00 00
now than at last monthly report, except in, Ten- ., olone .. bamel n .ler4: a froe.c Berlin reports that Austria- and Northern, -exta ........ ..bbl 0 00 @ 1O 00
nessee and Arkansas. You are authorind bay me to suppre~ t .: r dispatch have al recogmzed the Republic. The Fish, aNorthernel n 1 .halfcbbl 8 00 1 00
WAts5HnGTON, August :13.-Grant eclines to at Austin, to the er d that peace may be est Italy haves in aln edit al aricle, says.that England Ma 'e1rel, No. 1.. .f. its 3 00 13 20 -
deliver the oration at the dedication of the Lin- and life saved. Times, in an edit r ized Spain some time since,d. Mackerel, No. 2.......... bbl 3 @ 9 0)
coln monument. t a a e tl(Signed) A ES, would have rIegn rance and the indiference Mackerel, No. ....... its 1 G .50
West Point visitors were unanimous upon e l-u MEMPHIS, As t l1.3.- Th la't t rir|t' in 1 o ne Gthe reluctany p re nN .i ........' 1' @
ored cadet Smith's incompetency. Austin states that the troops had dis.andel on of.'Grme re cognition. of th e 1- Cod, cije......... 45 0
T h e o pnio n w o fd tb e n u a to o i d eth a tn g e te rehh awen 1 L id I L ON DO oufus t th e r e c o g n i t io n o f t h e Hp b 5 0
The opinion of the Attorney-General that the gone home, and that peace has been resb'. S ands p gus ~ai France, and Aus- GrainCod, choice it...............rom w @ 10
United states have exclusive jurisdiction over n. ephis... hanre The Ye ,. wand store ...... ...........bU 1 20 @ 25
cemeteries, concludes, "but if, as is usually the The Edwaids-Collyer, Fight4 tria is officially promugated. ment has Ye and mied Western...........b 1 0 @ 15
case, the State in making the cession, or in giv- PITTSBURG, PennY'August 11.-The. pueil MADRID, August 12.-The goveip m'n Oats... ...bu 1 00 1 10
ing its consent to the purchase, reserved the right went into the ring at 3:30 P. M "Up to 4 kceved a dispatch from ener 1 the Car- ay, Northern....................... wt 1 50 @ I 65
to serve and execute its process upon the land eight rounds hal ben fought. Tls6 13 ft wa nouncing that his troops have atticke Ra Hides and Skins, goodilintcowXb 13 @ 15
or annexedanyother like condition, it hasbeen won by Collyer Ind te others by Edwar, h .lists at Otesisia, in Navarre, ad carried ever Leather, Hoemlock sole.... @ 38
held that the acceptance of a cession with this knocked Collyer down on the se cud i. the r on ren thin I I.. a ,.oalf-k so e .............. ...I 4 @ 50
reservation amounts to an agreement on the part Collyer responded 1,wly. On Ihe- eriehi b .lit p- b, 14 --The era a et ht in n. ........., 00...... ..
of the United States to permit the free exercise bett aring ars pne hiidra dollars tri. etViui thanked Germany for tikin the iniitiv in the iLrd. XXX in .arrs. .. ....... t, 150 16.
of .such process as being quoad hoc, its own dollars in favor of Edwards. a movement for recognition. -All of the amtashae tcr, 1 d t@me. : r:
process, and upon any other construction the ces-o id spt h sa m The ni s i movement for recognition. All of the ambassal jlmno 6r, .......i.t ... .. ."'d tilo'
process, and upon any other construction the ces- gSecond Dispatch .-On the elev.iiith I101 arw dors have tendered their congratulations to Sert fred ............ ....M 18 0 20 O0
Sion would be nugatory an id ." tind, $100 d s hav t e their con gauatins andvtoid." e r Sorthe- i |-..:.. .. ..1..... .0. 0 80 0
sion wld be nugatory and void." exchanges were had, when CA.llyer i elasIeI t, rano,both upon the recognition of the Republi Sw,. utim ner,.3'. to t4 5, et..M 20 00 25 00
Froa a New Yor. continue the fight on the grountD E, 1.a ld and upon the success of Moriones inhis attack on Floorngboards..........M 18 00 20 00
NEw Yon ,Augs -Anton had something in his hand. The judge refused the Carlist's entrenhments at Oteeza., The Min. Edgoa i ......... 00@ ).1 00
SaliavnYom Aucrt i-dAntogno Lopez, af to allow the claim, and ordered the t to gon. isterial decree, embodying regulatnsfor the exe et India cargoes..t 517 00 @ 19 00
'Ieutalian music teacher, is eydng m Broklyn of C e es, and the judge whheld hiide- cution of a decree for the abolition of slavery D eoin 2 qli. 0 00
blows received from Edward Hanger. Lopez was vision ..s Porto Ricoatis nublisheto-day. Shilescypsed flooring, 2d qss ... .M 14 00 @ 4 00
walking, at the time he-received .the injuries, cIsi Paorto TRcoiison leed ay P -r h i e, fi cypress.... ...b.... M 3 0 @ 4 (-.
att ,and tohe lat gearu was as aRoclsTER, Aiwgust.12.-It wGolsh a annou iced the plan for Marshal Bazaine's escape from Mar Meal, per sack............. 2 00 -
Thomas Donahue was arrested to-day inro dditiald$1,000 ouldbe driven to irinthe guerite was arranged six weeks ago. It was en- Hominy
Brooklyn on suspicion of being one of the -y additional $1,000 offered, by einu her rord tirely the work of Madame Bazaine. The Marl HaOminy, Persack.......... 0.2 0O@ -
of 2:15A-, made at Buffalo. She wks sent in the hal refused at first to fly, but.finally, owing t olasses, 1 00 c&1 3
derers of the Itaniaz, Torino. Torino was a ni- second heat and trotted the mile in 2:14f. This his failure to obiin o oetmodificationrofhissen GoldenExta 1 0l 10 .130
tive of Palermo, and commanded a regiment in extraordinary performance was received .with, tence, fielded Hie ed f Nails, 4. n ..... ......... i 0 7 00
the last Italian revolution. the wildest enthusiasm. The urse w for steam acht BaronRiasoli, b the longingsltoand in tal 10to..60.................. .e 0 @ '1 700
The- bbdy of the man found in the Ashland the$5000, free teno allth; first horse, .., .:.., i ,n ca. raised to emplonging to renc 10 .@ 2, l 0
House oh the 13th was identified at the Morgue y$5 00 free tohi all;f 1 r0 h.e mp ly -A rn.c.m~nietl hies fliht by hid t Splie t Lr.:i, .... ......l ~I @ 2 3

t horse, -I.'p al......... 325040..
to-day as thatofHenr Scott Pritchardaardthat il10 ,s,,...-L .. H l.a ce.. o .f e i l .o R.p F .,m o.. ...... .. o 2 80
he was in the drug business in W inches 1 ster, .Va.,re N,-. 1 e t l r l....... .vof. 1 .T. zeyefirn b. s rn ,-T.240
While doing business at the latter place he was PITTsB August 13.--Twelv~ tiusanibar- domestics at the fort where the Marshal was im Tar .......r.........bbl 1 75 @ -
rotest Baltimopalre Chichongess will rels of oil burned in a depot which was struel by prisoner have been arrested. Oils, Kerur, e......... .......l 30 @ 35
held in New York Octlightning and ied. P s, August-TheLesor st atets .hat Bh. Ln t .. .......... ......, 1 00 @ 10
8th. Among the distinguished Southern clergy- A a zaine arrive. at 19o- bottGenoa board a steam yacht,, Po.wderRe ,fl:........... 7 25 @
T ragical dylstke. disguised as a servant, at ten o'clock on iondayy F. F. F ..... one 5 n@i dea ,I .f e 75 O
men who have signified their in tension to be .............
S present and participate in the meeting rHe Th e GWLP,, Ont., August 15.-Aman nnied ing a ser ttento'leek and an Fiser .... i
Bishops of Alabama; ScBhuyler, of Missouri; Hazell, mistaking a Miss Colver for :a.. b .nin Hemth o entve Tepp:
daug r in Ceeve u.The,. rrump............. ..bbl 17 00 4 18 00
Clark, of Kentucky; orton and Andrews, of daughter in company with one Huirey, f .1 et. f the Gernr 1 ess, old and new.... bbl19 0@ 21 00
Virginia;Pentuckneyofouhrolnxdn reo the man and then the woman. The first .. n. ft1 of the G,olrercr0 :o trh " lt e n
Virgnta; Ptinckney, of n south Carolinh ; Gover-A tered Hurley's left eye, and the -c aondn o'clok u dt Ine ad:Uita-.t. S i. Ric, ri, .n CL.Rrol;.. ........ 1 5 10 @ 0
nor Stevenson of Kentucky; and the follow a the Itis aserd tathe niti i. p rl:.Oi................ k 2 00

u ratioT ioi oion, prrsemoth indgpass, h s-It u-oT-lu jn 1 ctre. eh ver poisb th c us toz3 a 0
Pr minent Citizens: E. McCrady, of SouthCaro- s ol er (erlra, iuly had accomplices du'r i l true 1 in lte- n I ,diot 1..... 1 90 200
lia;Jul ce H. W Sheffey, of Virginia; Chief- cheek. She fied; pursued by Hazei- whc fh- A thorIities Ta IkslaadShrt .... .... 40 0

by ag ouee l fo tried that aho u reColno con rlovere tt, tiai del- di-cm n ofea, ro M dl i a" d Sn vi ota, dop Swee pr .......... ba @ .
p rgit Raitrf, a thatd soy terh Ta w governi again, shooting her s i nihm .r ,i the neck. bti- .
r avictionasa. the e a rles Bhic s i the ts e One L e a pr ............. B ck G ... .... 1- ,
.obertC. W ain ta e was ealie in a n very criticalcodti a| l l!, Soap, Family, Co Bz............ it. k ....-.. .3

Creonert ord. e chioni, i, rd ardt 1sh d n -u mba o 6 plcit n i h.e e.cope. The rope store ain CPErat ...... ....... .. .. 8. 10

( w a ifei Tudge..oe Ther c d ite lit -2i
Tetiononohe for we a nt -" ulise e oss e Flo-ralane pG e on .peor i a 60 0

Cal deposed fof Cthe tithry. Th e Boston exs reetobaccor d t 1 aGlcd artures ope d l chicOens, exral Iaal......>.... 90 1 80
nor e t r ll who hu ley. attc. e o du, ted 1 -os f '-tb n 1e1 ...C o... to. 1'-"aarye 15 -oin Toacc. -' ." 60 ---

S"isc tl c ur ta e W ria e :s r e ld a l f t h e a e" -or u ldr s -i'. .in..... t, d o At, nautiMedi, .. ..... ... .. ...' .. .
Lini ter Stair. i, iTsexpectt r -nidu9ir, sAtrr. r uiRS 9U1Uiw1

A ireppIca ti nro w sm ae toV J dg W la l et i r.d a.. a r r n w. b eaa.Terd l .n..n..n..r.a 1. @t, 8l ot T reYu F' o it... ................_ 'b 1 0

for leiasti l eaw i Ah pPotters c rNe s i som se l-.aer o- l er o e........... uld tr euh........... ......... 1i 9 --

any from the n init Churchy ad wih c e d uiarwas he eceive n. L SltddI ........ lck os, rein....... 1 10 .
illbe th r resident, ft e Con ress .t .otrIN o -u t 1" .-Th t -t t Ib y- e t "e A d eprid s, C a-om m................ 1 0 .
u hle" organizat ion-f r th ar e orfrd ed a aed c o the o f.i n t h '. .it ori "i uare, ue trd a ..........:.'.gal0f e1. C Era ... 2.. 1 -
orchd prope wrer ae s waof Ch en d y h s e oston expressing t et was. Rd r I. IT R wt d E ol i s, T eraco........... u, ... t '.0' 75 0 ,
ST t rI. t 1 t eidec t of the static n an et EsignalTthe trai a .. .s no e .. .S 0 T .
'4 .crldaysandwas aku nd e ment b The bridged ad ent carrioe as ae t ed C roc. .Buiders atrials, Si Orlean,@ 2RI T, N cord8.A 5 U

lions the h abilla msw epre no LoisnpTioLEn thu gust 1.e oft Sel t14... .s1e d 2, 000 bal 2 MLhes, per d c................ 15 2 5
the Ju e Te, uirgs t deat t cih e tame t, r were a the. .. a erit @............. 0 5
St l o tiyou n..en th a f ori veruled. Ths bfon te o -day m .ua liegsrteenord ro coin ied 1e t d leon, ed...... .............. 9 1 .71
pi eo dh th e. f. r faol nod oeietisff icunties ae t er s e celnm I n B t t5 des i oR dr, A ustn ................Co t O u han euy B..nen ... 7 2
taen t h eptn pnro e atra c g n ugthe fiai l t n ha, e p .. o t t fr e Ci d sles, d a le..s.. i. i li........ .16s v. i .............-... S te h h dre staa e pinghgingChrist Ctd .a htd faia e r e te a id t in e as foos gs tt i per b ...rA 15 @ 00
t. he eu dip m e d f worwa ofh rte Ceur en as e ode tod the a .u r,,nde t .h ofacvdebt1, ft lure t.oe r, 2- 1 9.2.. .... ; No... veb e15 1-0.15 C r mcke a ls, G rna. k.... ....1 3 @ 4

ult.on cMberks Etr. b11:c; Jury, i 5 in, sac..1 a... s......... .1 5
Sthe orgaizat on ft ro these further use of the n.ed h avoa aE id .' e ra ni, o-leo 'r na, i b .. .. ...........A ri. l.......l ... r 1 "5 0
Anad f r then ws church p eared tram aen by I oi;. oap. At ti r-i'e, te Ae19.-Co tton openedquietr and al, pr Lsac.......lL .iST. 2
curchen intitheUnitedStatesarerr dt T eass 8dOrleans81i
law unlyeas The outa w es tocides atheondvis the cylaAlt ithe enu -to c hersafan nfrnal, o>..b an 10 uRter, per lbc.....o. .... -.

r oul s : e hre cour diz eios h they r bed a s f el cam h ee L 'oih uir-Jo inat o 8 d a nes,s14.000 bales, eld g 2,fo Q bales for Limes, per dozs ........ 20 25

S .o to t m 1u p rer o u s .... T-- re.. x.t 1.....0
W en Whto e man b ther eore gna o ber e not +his t p b lissgoa .frome oresondeo in h specul atie nd en iA b c. Lemons, per edLz .................... 50 o-
ti k , ans i b t enther pfo owrr T p it:ftyc un t, iete tht hpr e;rethertinrnse eed BulNC g YOR iAugust ime 19--Cotto 80opened uiet and FLe.., p.oUs.R-u..o5
enaiin e ofip c t perue tspwu at b, y w inch m, e .i. W K R. SleR'lEfaiR I tr, ...wl bt Och a. s, per 'd ............. 3 3
or the a ene o a allb f o ultr a tie a naac uedticers of ther resca of Masa B arie B a vmebne. 0lf'6 @ 15 ar n 1
the discipline and worship of the Prwotestant dui ted that under theLosttvoDaIeD Ton-S 13-16c..; December; 15y,@15 13-16c.;eJanary, 15 Hominy, sack ....................,3-2:3

ea iros....the ab s ur t be editions the crop;of 1874 will be oSt tirteai er 27 32@15 15-16c. ; Februatiry, 16 ;Pecp.e;, '.bRrI.-b. 10
piscopa churcngs; that the po pertw as f helfr hae r beeofthe eig Tannual rtied. i i15i32t 16Bsc ; April, ac6Y..,@16 7-16c. opb- 3

forftecrcn hctpano ,aneProtestantEpascopal chs oirc hCrr ,,o r owit e it t Oatse perlbush. m...................... 10 251.
han not feor the Low Cheurch- partyid; that alcver m ntion Sun a Erun iate -w- oOiteney,"nreslyfrTA .-
churches in the United States are regarded in was hf walk upon tA ". bAtthirty-five the.AverHge American discovers Salt, per salb.....................1IS0 225
law only as voluntary, societies, and therlawseand- Peeechis-am(t. At 10.--,.ekbeir,;-, rethat heohas au "Infernalstonmachn, "andgoeso Butter,llebk, per .....................5 40
utinc exe tin ga nc o thepi o theat ns, purse, pCongress, hast beepU, u ore Flo retention is better than cure, butit Lard, per rb....................... 18
ustiuchato ns d is fin dong bei a ldie s b e h e o.......... .......
seitengc s w ere stipulations by which. Chee yA .....' rrc i deadLKER'S o-iEhtR BaTTERSowill both cure and Porigoos, r 5 0 5
dcsce~ t Fore H.n News l .,r eendM essdWestrf.the0si 00 h evr nr i.0 0
kidneysAugust 1hrThbloodinserLi0 Bacon, snoulders..Potatoes, Sweet, per bush ....... 100 -
clearly resembles a a court of arbitration than abhiOlions, rrbush............ 2
,civil tribunal, and the tythe oaw governing B artuain s of the escape of us i marshal Bare lne,iki drysa lt d desn lbd 1re 14iDucks,doe stcpepa.... ...
similar arbitrations allm-the abitors mustabe pres- tiac his prjsoh e on the Isle of-MaSt.dMargmieate, Lrong clear siners........." 1 14 .PardDge re.UITS*. 10 1
u s h h s dh ave1et ingthe v e. rself-rowed"directl yPeaches,HperaIt...m.................b1F
oeurt-theoueariengspthat the court fore the first b hae seaenrewichd. bee lying offthe ,ind P .Blackberries, per srb...............30 30 -
trialc ol Mr. Cheneyrconsisted of five assessors, byMarsh. Ir Bazreviou ,:evni. T rup,.,ueac th.r'I,:e csodBiscit Wholesalb 0 i hepead, per string........... 20 0. -
and four only beingllc r sent at the trial andofinal thec steame ir'tn pu t to s a. It is-npth oughtte Gingera dSnaps........... 1 13 D,-T S.
decision, it was not a court within B the meaning overhanging the sea. The sentry was p6ste onAlde RKsETs Li POP- 1Bacon, C. R.per rbd......`.....-.. 15 4
of thechurch canon, and its action was voidm;edhe'terraned with oG ders to watch thtenf p -e e B o, per1b., erossr.............. 10 2
that upon second trial the court had no jurisdic- nttat doem.ent TOn 'Sundayfi r.tuine f t hutl Corrected weekly, expressly for T. .FLo..M i2 00- Beef, Fulton Mharket-....0 1 18
tion o ever the subject matter, and its decision was mehao wbalkedsrp the tra rWplace' h,;on l Vi-t, so..... bl 25o, wholesale and Mutton, per b................ 1 .....215
Also void; that the Bishop had no power to sen- lete, his Aid- ve-camp. e nAt 10 o'( Ici L;h he r iLr-4, retaln-GrdCie and Commission -ercha-ts,- 2 ack2sonville, F ork-, per s i.... p.. g.......... .1.... 15
thne whitesxvep asut Bofthe pi e ain o he as usual, apparently to sleep,-but before dni i, Can s a. d n.. .... 1Ha ;.er.2.................... 162

p sentences were Also void, and Cheney wasnevericrossedtheterrae.nth dwad of.niht en r h e--b 1r M..
n tg-t n a tue sea ti nel i t e e t re rb C ol Venison,bper11RL................i... 15 n o20
: legally deposed from the ministry, .The bill is,e, ice.gby-mainsefthee ft'he rei- Fembehactory Wheghlelae"is llr-pel.Srlito.... h0t@r
there re dismissed for want of equity.",,p c..heean s f th e. l h3ck0
., desceded to the i,.i. H,_" evide .t~ sliplLe Iur-" BeetfMessWestern..m ..bb3$17.00@$18 00 Chickens, utef-Growe o fir pair... 60 (ad 70
detd 1:20tismoringsyseSo e, decn .I Q t,',,hi s .- ,, F ton arketngspicedydh 12 00 1450 Ch-iS-cons -l,'. 5

^m-,,d a,...v ht'~l~~rn s re e- ml,:r Ie ~hf wa z h~ed oa an.whchwe.l houdem soke .... ....l 1 6 . Wldtureys ech ..... ..;... 50. @.,0
-' . .J. A "...a"'@,8
'.-;-- i,.m te vciniv o Autin asihBe~ae swif an cosin The reelvd~l:.DrySaltd CR rdes...... ib 3 @ 14 uck, dmesic, er air...... '-5 ,
a~s- ':.'" "' r "es b h ,ii.
Cn.mno~a ~].~ ntn n tt ha serahdte.aead dm a] -% ,LncerSd .......N ......... .0@ 1
u~l~sth hie ho resroudd h chletam teo~shrel~oweddl~]lnli B~:-l ........:... 0~f~tpe trn..........-n.K. .