The Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055757/00086
 Material Information
Title: The Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: The Florida Dispatch Line
Place of Publication: Live Oak Fla
Creation Date: August 15, 1887
Publication Date: -1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates: 30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1876.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -new ser. v. 9, no. 3 (Jan. 21, 1889).
General Note: D.H. Elliott, editor.
General Note: Published at: Live Oak, Fla., <June 20, 1877>-Feb. 11, 1880; and at: Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 18, 1880-Jan. 21, 1889.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (May 8, 1876).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038464
oclc - 01386590
notis - AKM6254
lccn - sn 95026759
System ID: UF00055757:00086
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text


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A. Journal of .Horticulture) Industry & migration

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BaCosta, -". &: Manville, Proprietors. Jacksonville, ". Fla.-, Monday. August. 15, 1887. New Series: Vol. 7, No. '33. '


BEAUTY ArchltftC .

b : l I .: Stoves, I ,Crockery ELLIS & MCOLURE,'
Tin-ware China,
O.. S ". L'ENGLE '
4 Architects and Civil Engineers
Ski..,& Scalp '" J.' J'.;. Chandeliers, ,
Granite: Iron-ware, Plans,Specifications and Estimates for build
RESTORED Oil Stoves .' Lamps, Ings of all kinds,Sanitary work,eta ..
t : .,.'.. "" : ."4. ., ,, .. '. AND Burners, Chimneys, Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block, Bay St.,
} .
.. : : fHouse'Furnishings, '
'I \- ; byt ,,. Silverware. ; "''. ,, ,'>''.>;':'.''','', '."',''"0 Gas Fixtures: I P.O. Box 785. Jacksonville, Fuu

,,.t' .1 ClITIC\JF\\\ : : .'",COMPANY, ., ,,:''' Freezers, HARDWARE !

R M ed ls. I Table Cutlery, ,:<:,;" Refrigerators, ., :

IS KNOWN TO SCIENCE AT : Gate City Filters, .
NOTHING to the CUTICURA REMEDIES Fire Dogs, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Dinner, Tea and I ....;.;...J.. ,
In the1! marvellous properties for ...
cleansing,purifying and beautifying the skin Baskets ,and ooden-warel. I Toilet Sets.
and In curing torturing,disfiguring,Itching,
scaly and pimply diseases of the skin, ,scalp ,: Particular, Attention Paid to Hall Orders. :i ,GEO.( ; L MoCoNiHE
and blood with loss of hair. ,
CimctmA.thegreat Skin (curend, Qirri r. 'J'" .-' .: .: :"d'l ..... ,- w.' ,' _',;{ ;
VLIaASOAP.1I'exquisite'Kktn1ieautlfier'pre- ROCKWELL & KINNE ,,
It externally and CUT I CUIU. RE ,
'Jared from ,
SOLVENT' the nfw Blood Purifier,Internally, Successors to Nicholc, Rockwell &Co.,Wholesale and Retail (New Building at Old Stand.)
are a positive cure for every form of disease,
from pimples to scrofula CUTICURA REMEDIES Hardware, Stoves, House Furnishing Goods, Grates Mantels, Paints, .. ''''''

skin are beautifiers absolutely) and pure blood and the punflers.only Infallible -'::_:,'r." Oils, Saddlery, Guns, Ammunition, Etc. 40 & 42 West Bay St., Jacksonville ,'Fla. .

Sold r verywbere. Price, Ctmcr/RA, 50e.; Parties town. or out will do well to call or send for our, catalogues and prices of any
RESOLV&NT,11; SOAP%25c. Pre pa*ed by the ..-- goods they may deed In our line. Prices lower than ever. r*

POTTER DRUG .AND CHEMICAI. Co., Boston. 38 West Bay Street Jacksonville.1FJa .. ,
Skin Diseases.
-Send for How to Cure
--- -

Sofia* dove's down, and as white,
HANDS by using CTJTICURA' MEDICATED KlS."HMMEE LAND AGENCY Hardware, Cutlery, Stores and Tlnwarv,
SOAP. Honsefnrnlshlnir Goods, Granite and

Agate Ware, Sash Doom, Blinds,

ALTO""ULL : .. I. .'.. Oils,; Agricultural Implements,
I4AIII CONTROLLING3ooooo0 ; Iron and Steel.RopeBelting& ,
Hose and Packing,Pumps,
LEXINGTON, KY. b Steam and Water Pipe

; Acres and Fittings Four
The twit equipped school theltatel eeommodatlons
strictly 1int-clul''heated the lte&m plenR Id f b7 gait Steel Galvanized
0n17 tworoun: (!'la.d1el to room; & ,-or.esperl..nt"ed Fence Wire,
tea.ehera. Session begins rind Monday of the Rlchest.Lands In the State.
tn September. For particulars or Catalogues,address 'Mantels,
J. T.PATTERSON,Pre| 'nu'on/.Cu. Grates

,_ _, Etc. .
---- -- "- Representing all the
lr: :

\\ ); Disston Companies, ,

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ifisstofe\ ; e Kissimmee Land Company, ;"
E ,"-. .. I
Alren: For
,...AND ''t :.
Sorrelated withYanaerbiU UnlTersity. Jj: g est '" .
advantages in every Depirtmenu Splendid:) new build 4 .J.
tog. Ample Faculty. )!ualc.ArtCalilt.btn1ca..HealOb South Florida.R. R Co's ,Land, Orange Lightning PowderTarmers'Frlend
Acxes8lbllltr.: ForCatalo na jiddreMi
IloY.CU 0.W.r I'JilCK,1>.li,Prt .,NwliTiUj.TeairfWESLEYAN >i ---. \\and Boss Plows, Dangler Oil Stores,
"'Perry & Co's Celebrated Stores .and
--- -- -- --
.. Consisting of beautiful Lake Fronts, High and Low Hammocks, first-class- Pine Land forrange Ranges,Southern (St. Ixials)White.
uroves, and rich reclaimed lands for garden purposes. ,
[ FEMALE INSTITUTE, :5, T Lead, 1\tattury'.Pure Colors in Oil,

-8TA1n\"TON. VIItGfl IA.Opens .- Maiury's Ballroad AJUquld
<:> G-ro-ve- I Paints, Fairbanks
ran.ge ,> ,", .P' "J:
.. ",
_. And Improved Truck: Farms.,' .: :'/( .. AGENT, FOR .'
1 .
: tt" ,- ,
J' 1'. ",OT :
TOWN OKISS1MMEE! WEST KISSIMMEE AND:; PINE'-.DALE.ft ': .' Chattanooga Stove Go's

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Send for:Price and Description. List. _. LOOKOUT STOVES.
'c A>*-"s. '"?> ... t : ,';; .
September sL,1887. One of the rTRBT SCHOOLS .'., : ', ".,J "'.... .. ':4't ,
v. '
3PR YOUNG LADIES IN THE UNION All Departments Cuarouffli. Buildings elegant. Steam heat Gaslight. Situa300 WILLIAM CANNON "
txaotitul. Climate splendid. :Pupils from nineteen Spates. ,
All. important advantage one greatly reduced charge.Board, I -fj." -, ,, 9-Tln Roofing,Sheet Iron,Copper and Tin
oshin bJCU1(,Lights; from English Sept.,IOJuU.Latin f Ftench.German.2 60. ForC.ataloguewrito Musk tar: Befer to this paper. KIssiixunee,'Orange County, Fla. Work to order.a .
to&BV. .
KARRIS DID Presidcnt"St2\W\toA." Vkiriiu ,a d, -'.' ''. "
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674. ,:. :" "b ".' -- THE :FLORIDA DISPATCH [fAuGUST.15.1887..
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:;'; lt1; ::'.' CENTRE STREET WHARF, PIER 21, E. RIVER, ...


.. ,
;!!- -
.- Lowest Rates of Freight Always Given.
'" Order all your freight from New York,Philadelphia and'Boston
: via Mallory.8.Line irom Pier&o.21 East River,NewYorfc

ALWAYS THE lOW EST Direct connection at Fernandina with F.It.8 N.RJ'.,

E For. Jacksonville and all interior points in the State.
i I The magnificent Tron Steamships of this Line will sail fromFERNANDINA e .
: ,FLA.,for HEW YORK,every Thursday evening This Pioneer Line offers to Floridians the Traveling Pnbllo
alter arrival of 4:30 train from J+ ksonville, and evening and Shippers of Vegetables and Oranges the Quickest and
trains from Cedar Key,Ocalo,Leesburg,Tavares Orlando and Only Direct Line to New York. *
South: Florida points. Through Tickets and information secured in advance aX
RIO GRANDE.NN.N....._......?...Thursday,August 11 principal points in Florida. State-rooms reserved from Jack
STATE OV,TEXAS._.__.._....... .Thurgdayf.August 18 son vine or Fernandina office
BIO GRANDE.....?_."......._...-..... f........Thursday August. 25 4&-Tralns leave F.R.&N.Co's Main Depot, foot of Hogan
STATE OF TEXA8__..._ ._... .Thursdayf septf tuber 1 street,Jacksonville,at 8.30 a m and 4.30 p m,-sailing days
RIO GRANDE >_...__......._....___Tbunday,Reptember 8 landing passengers on Steamship's what, foot of Centre Bt.,
8 ATE OF TEXAS..._....___..._ .?...'(horsday, September Every.attention is extended
BIO GRAND ..k.. ._...*.._...??"........TL unday,September 22 thlaltne. The possible table Is with passengers the best olng the "SSTSetaU and Stateroom and further information
STATE OF Tt XA8....>.................,.........'l hursday September 29 New York and Florida supplied markets aflord. apply to

B. W. SOUTHWICK, Agent,Fernandina,Fla. A. H. CRIPPEN, Gen'l Travllng Agent. J. M. CUTLER. Pass.Agent,75 West Bay St.,Jacksonville,Fla.
C.H.MALLORY A: (X)..-General Agents Pier 20 East River,foot Fulton street,New York City.


1(1 -

--The PJ.orl.da, : Dl.spa"toh: LI.n..e: : -

l With the Magn ficent

The Great Fast Express htectiOsystem of the South

The attention shippers is directed to the Plant S.S. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa,and People's Line of Steamers between Sanford, Pam
latka and Jacksonville.South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S., F.& W. Ry between Jacksonville, Gainesville, River Junction and Savannah -
Savannah and Charleston and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New York. The best equipped, fastest and most
-rfP.- prompt lines between all points In Florida and all points North and Northweat. Receivers and,Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connection,

.Double dally fut freight service for all points West via Albany Jesup and Savannah.Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Jesnp and Sa-

Callaan : ; ,

Providence. New York(New Pier:>,North River,) direct for Savannah Tuesdays Thursdays Satur
Tri-weekly connection for New York via the Ocean Steamship. Company,leaving Savannah days.
Mondays,Wednesdays and Friday*. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers leave Boston every Thursday
Twice a week for Baltimore via the Merchants and :Miners Transportation Company,leaving for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight train
Savannah Tuesdays and Fridays.' for all points in Florida. .Only direct line frou"= ew England to the South.
Weekly connection for Boston via the Boston and Savannah Steamrhip Company, leaving From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., "g from Philadelphia every Saturday for
Savannah every Thursday. Savannah direct.;
Weekly connection for Philadelphia. via the Ocean Steamship Comany. ,leaving.. Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co.,two steamers per week, -
very Saturday. '. \ from Baltimore for Savannah direct making close connection with 8., F.A W. Ry for alt
-Calling days for Steamships are subject to change without notice \ points South. -: .
.- The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest.and best fast freight route. from all points North. ,East and Westlto Florida. For full particulars,rates, stencils and shipping receipts apply "
to any agents of the above lines,'or to I. ., .J' ..., -- "'';,-", ;,.; .. WM. P.: HABDEE, Gen Freight Agent,tavannah, Ga.
O. :D. OWENS Traffic Manager;;Savannah Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'I Traffic Agent,Jacksonville, Fie.
H.M.SOUL ZY,Trav.Agent,Gaines llJe-. J.E.DBAVTOK Trav.Agent,Live Oak. J.H.:: STEPHENS,Agent,Jacksonville.





Choice Fruit and V Lands near transportation for investment or Cultivation. SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO SANDY SOILS !
Certain Market for Farm lace: Attractive Sitesfor Homes; Railroad and Dally Mails.
Also Town Lots at San Pablo and Atlantic City on the f Installment Plan If desired. Address Supplying Not Only Plant Food but Organic Matter.
JAS. M.KRL& Eg,President over'Bank of Jacksonville,or W. B. GUA.'' Supt., _. .. ..
San Pablo. Florida. r "; .' -' ;-;: '-' .

'"' '

Ammonia.......... 4 per cent | Phosphoric Acid..........;. 2IA percent
Sulphate Potash........;. 6 per cent .
Ammonia.'.:.... '3Y percent I Sulpbate Potash.......,.11 percent
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Phosphoric. .Acid... 5 to 6 jer cent I| Potash,actual.......',b, "per cent
choice Lota. Groves and Wild Lands. Allows interest deposits Col '
Has sale on
for Orange n. '" *. The remainder consists of thoroughly pulverized humus.-.: .
leas Rents and Interest,Negotiates Loans,etc. -SNF .' .

J. C. GREEUGY, President. L. B. fflOSMER, Treasurer. -' -
1G Year Established.WHOLESALE .

G- S. :::E:>>...A.J.1EJ: .. ", TESTIMONIALS I

COMMISSION MERCHANT I have used "Our Favorite" Fertilizers upon Orange Trees,Roses and Garden Plants,.
and I do not, want anything better., O
-. .' I tried your Fertilizers on Onions,Cauliflowers and other Vegetables. I consider It an
lax Reade Street, New York. excellent and, cheap Fertilizer,which will greatly. improve the land and is not simply a
Consignments solicited and Returns made promptly. Stencils and Market. Reports furbished stimulant.. ,
- on application.REFERENCES .. H. LEGLEB. ,Haskell FIa.. .
.National Bank,Thurber Whyland&Co.,New York City all -.. '. jPRICES.
Banks and established Produce Merchants of New York Philadelphia,Baltimore and Bosto
Orange Tree Manure... sacks |2i 00 1 Vegetable Manure in sacks |17 (00)(>
Braidentown Real Estate Agency.: .'e'. -- .,.'........In bbls. 25 00 I| ", bbla. 1800()(


Attorney at Law, Real: Estate Agent and Justice of the Peace, '

BraideHtowa, Manatee Co., Fla.. I CEO. HUTCHINSON
Will buy and sell all kinds of Real Estate on commission. Eighteen years'residence in ,
Manatee County Personal knowledge of most of the lands throughout the county. As a Crescent City, Florida
practicing Attorney,'and a" County Judge for a number of years,I have had occasion to _
become familiar with many titles and the County Records. Having been continuously engaged
,all these y.ears.ln the actual cultivation of the principal fruit and vegetable products BUILDING I MATERIAL I
of this eew!-troplcal section gives me advantages in the selection of the various qualities of **
lands: suitable. Maps and Abstracts furnished, Titles examined and Deeds executed. Information : ; < -
furnished. Correspondence solicited. THE LARGEST STOCK IN FLORIDA.
_. NOTK.-Braidentown is situated on the south bank of the beautiful Manatee River about
thirty-five miles south Of-Tampa. Has dally service by the elegant steamer Margaret. Adjacent FRONT PRESSED BRICK.81O.OO per 1000
are the lovely Terra Cefa, Sarasota and Palma Sola Bays teeming with all kinds of GOOD.FLORIDA v... O.OO. u' .
.fish,clams and oysters; and here on the Gulf coast are the! moat l beautiful building sites IB Lime,Piaster Lath,Cement,Hair,.Fire Fire Brick,Fire Blabs,Fire Mortar.TYStW .
the world, with thousands of acres of hammock and pine lands. ,where. tropical trait andtthoce I .
SMITH Sc CO. 12 Wes Ray
:; vegetable. .may be grown to perfection, .. J k .:/-,.. v.-!'..... : "1'1 ',;,



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4," ,I "ri ...: ir* JACKSONVILLE T E, FLA., AUGUST 15, 1887. :eF 1'>, '" .
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?;' \ : specimens measure I about two inchesin other plums I have found more, or less I For the FLORIDA DISPATcu.V '

The Orchard' ; diameter. unreliable some will )not fruit at all, THE HOME OF THE: :! KELSEY., .
i t
and the fruit when you can get it, is -' ,
.. ",'" .. We find the peach stock the most not worth having when the Japanscan The Finest :Specimens Yet Pro

For; the FLORIDA DISPATCH. desirable, so far, the proportion of be got. And this excellent plum, duced East of the Rocky
j"i". :KELSEYS JAPAN PLUM '' of size if well
buds or'grafts which succeed being in truly extraordinary Mountains Come From
.ti4J IThe; : :T '
Coming. Fruit for the Southern. favor of the peach, although the grownseems to 'prove the only one Baker County. ,
c 'm'South-An I Aoooxint of this Plum' reliable of all the plums of any value. [R Letter from Mr. Taber.]
of those worked
t';:T>y Mr.Berckinans,who first growth, upon plum All my plum. trees, fifty Wild Goose J I cheerfully comply with the edi-

( Brought It to the Atlantic (Mirobolan, ) is equally vigorous. Caradeus, etc., etc., have been budded tor's request) for an article on the

States. .. I notice that the fruit which sets is this spring to Kelsey] Botan and Kelsey Plum. I shall confine' myselfto

the of Chabot. The fruit of the two last my own experience, and I trust
the few
mostly near body tree
Ihe first notice of this fruit : ,
appeared '' named I have never seen, but will that others throughout the various
(: in the Gardner's Monthly in 1882, specimens being'seen beyond the mid have them fruiting next season' Forma sections of the State will report results -

*and I immediately,wrote,to,California dIe length of the branches. This I 1 texture of leaf and the more stocky,V ',j' with this fruit.MnJune,1884h"alf '
as to the possibility ., JL set outinFebruaryV -
", '" I x
k ; 1885 the I
of securing < ',d,', "
first trees of this
trees or grafts c '!\ ."': '" ", -
\. ..... ... variety that ever
; .
< '
ifJ The ? 'owner I wasV\,f' .' _._ .,,".J., came to.Baker
4 unwilling .to dis.; ", .'' ',,. county and
% '11'-',,' '
of but;<:" : : .- '" among the first in
grafts, ,
pose : ; r; -1c: '..",
% ; ;
the State.
.. They
: ,
through the courtesy ,.__' "' '
: .,:. comprised only six
\ "
of Dr. Eugene ,.j in number and

Hillyard?'t! .,' ',' "7 r + r were very small

President of the : ":*, trees, havwg'been
:" '',' budded the June

ifornia Berkeley ,, previous. During
at '
a few" grafts, .< I budded a
'were'received 'in large number of

"''ilarch 1883! ; young peach trees
These, made but: in my nursery
: from these six,
very little growth, : 5T:::::% 5 and pet out about

,although workedvupoh two hundred of
vigorous .., these (dormant

eacb,stocks o w-,, ; V., buds) the following -
,%.l ,> :'f, ,1J. winter.The '
'' ,tS r i VM 1r ," .
"ing.lno doubt, to ,,: trees all

the lateness of made .a rapid

:their being re. growth last year,

*'",:-ceiyeD.! In the fall iV !. n f ryv s and, i.he't# original:
1 tl.
1p4 six fruited
of 1883 had four some,
which was more
'; little trees six to than I expected
ten inches high. : from trees sos

One of these I Duringlast
r '. ;__ young.
gent to Mr. Von j. F. .. summer' and
'\ -=; fall again the en-
;;iLuttichau,of Melrose tire lot of Kelsey

;; ,'near Waldo; trees in orchardwere

Lithe other three I cut back se-

(/ set,out. ,in orchard. verely for budwood ....
and still
w; :, .. : KELSEY'S J APAN PLUM. again' last winter

.)dozen, plum trees (Banett's. American consider a desirable feature, especiallyfor and stronger growth seems even; pre- they underwent further amputation to

) were top-budded., and the followspring so large a fruit. The blooming ferable to the Kelsey.] There are several furnish grafts, but they are a tree that,
:; "
.ing these buds set,an abundance\ in 1885 and 1886 simultaneous more varieties,.but as yetlhavenot like Banquo's ghost, "will not down ,
period was
least will not down. In fact
rif'rru.it succeeded i in getting them. P. Virgata, or at, stay ,
which after attaining the size '
f the Wild Goose this
this if administered
; ,yearit received from Mr. Berckmans' heavy pruning( properly
of!>a:f large, walnut, 'were ,blown off in ten one is dirt that thrive
was days earlier. I look upon year later than his Kelsey, has.fruited ) a they on,
''Juno..' Mr. Von Luttichau' also toprj without it they have a tendency to
the Kelsey as the coming fall fruit for( : with me this year, ripening on April

budded some peach trees with, similar I our section. P. J. BERCKMANS.: ,I 16th, and I have mentioned, i Ha; -valuein grow willowy, while if frequently

:"result. The three little, ] orchard,I trees]I Fruitland,Augusta, Ga., July 26,1887. a previous note to the DI8P ATCH. pinched or cut back during the growing
.. H. YON LUTTICHAU. season they can be easily ,made
wonderful and
made a growth, soon |
Earleton, ..Fla., August 1, J887, j into stocky ,trees of proper shape and
gave us an abundance of buds. In 1886, For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. '.... .. j suScient strength to enable them to

"the trees set fruit, which matured here The: Plum, Par Excellence.So R. W. Pierce, of Indian Springs' sustain their loads of fruit.

during October, and sustained, all that much has been written of late Fla., writes us i "As olpp.with In cases, however, where the trees

the-California had told of it. about the Kelsay Japan Plum, that I many others my experience with the are very heavily loaded it will prove

press do not see anything left to say, but to Kelsey plum has.been somewhat limited advantageous to pick off some of the
'$This year the trees were laden with join in its praise. All plums that I but so far ,have been very favorably fruit while yet small)), as in such cases

fruits but' when this was:of the size ofa have cultivated, and in fact fruited impressed with its desirability as to I the trees, if they did not literally com-

," 1 partridge egg, the severe freeze of during the last four years, and I have quality of fruit, fruiting propensities, mit suicide, would at least invite destruction -

end, .! of March destroyed nearly' the tried every one in Mr. Berckmans' i growth of tree and its desirability by trying to battle with some

'' whole ,of one hundred trees', and catalogue and several others, sink,into generally,being, I think, especially unusually fresh-winded sou'wester
; crop insignificance compared with this adapted to our State and to our .poorest ,while unduly handicapped with so

at this date,July 20th, the remaining. I,really i insignificant i fruit All those class I of pine lauds much weight. Per, contra, to ,advice
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676 1 :' ';:(t:; _',,. a ," 1 '\ ti-. 4; FLORIDA; :QmP'b: 1" i,," t g tf r- AUGUST[, : 15, 1887.

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above given, However (as 'regards( re h bad concluded that about September the pairing of' t h'fj' 'as practicable ments regarding the remarkablegrowth

surplus fruit), as I had increase 1 L to 15 would be their average time of as the peach, which is quite a noveltyand vigor and productiveness of
orchard of these remaining the it:excells all other for
my plums ripening (specimens? on. : plums can- theKelsey trees in his orchards.and
iast-winterto"utotahof'five"hundred trees: last year:aa late"as October 11;) ning."
trees, and wanted to:
,'joene good for f. c uclud4to Ift..the ripening$ much earlier, ,, and' ,a .large it possesses superior qualities. ,for : ,of' his weights' "* apdmeasurrs
original six fight their own 'battles'and portion of the fruit has already been shipping long distances." I and confirm his estimate of the superior -

., eland off fall ,pn their merits.i gathered. : In connection with this last statement ,quality of this. fruit., A taste for
They set an.immense, cropof, fruit, I I think, that during. ordinary sea-. please allow, me,to, quote from, a .it does not have' *to be, acquiredand, '' ;!, ""'"t: it
,,11lplipnlf j: on', : well\ ,ana grew till' ,Bops they:wilt!.ripen, about, July, 20 to letter j justt received;;from: Professor H. **X i A fc.
they got tp{:j ifj) tas,1arg luckor August 10, with us,and earlier farther E.Van leman chief of division of .does not' have' to. be. introduced.. !i rP:'in.market .

nuts, ,ands: ihe/; 'trees ;,,.c co'mmenced togo south.' ohiology of the United''States Department -' / .. '. like.i '. ,1 some' of. ,- our.. new, ,** iruits.
afl:bcngathbeir; iload, wjien(finally, ", 'The,branch: of Kelseys containingtiirfy.8ix ) of ,Agriculture.. The letter is Everybody. likeg, it 'and.iLwill} UO3. always,
ti took?, pity cm t Item) und myself? /i ,plums, on sixteen inches, of dated Washington, D.O., July. 15, sell in all "markets.-Editor' d.!'J :t i.: HU v DIS-

,/or .lea V1wg them t to a sir qertam limb i shown in, the cut on page, ,,677 and,,is.an.,acknowledgement, .of Kelsey .
,: destruction\\ ) : and Ii. 1 built> t;,, 'i frames was on the tree which ,contained,\the 'plums sent by mail onthe: 6th of,July., PATCH.For ; 4'
around those ttat. wero loaded, the'headiest ,(four,,hundred and ,.seventY1ixyb e .'"The plums were' in perfect condition; :the FLORIDA DISPATCH. "
| and; ,tied the; burdened on this and other:.I rets theieweiecjtner ; two (}f'them were-colored slightly, the j ,, POLK, COIINTYa: it b.3 '
limbs to the frames, 'hid ,f did.onApril branches that, very, nearly' I other not atl*all, I did'', not.try them -
't I' Best
A. Grower The
16th, which was two mont s before equaled ,this one,in the number of until the 14th inst., when they were 'Prodigious -
f iho_ photographs were taken from plums to a given :space. I slightly mellowed, but when cut they Stock-Insect-- Enemies__ __ -Prunertuization --* ..,
which the 'three engavings were .made ing, r' eta :..;.1
representing: >> the Kelsey as it grows The Kelsey Plum has now .passedthe
; .
with me that appears in this issue of ,'' r / .;'.- a Y4 experimental era,:and ibids fair lto
the QJBPATCH. The first cut (on page .,fir r ,become one of the most val a.ble.pro.
676)shows one of these trees as photographed <
June 1 tiiictitin\!() our State.' The,. treeis as;
15th, at which time the
tree had on it four hundred; and i iBerenlyB _/ = = yery>rapid grower, and fruits early,

3:plums averaging as large as abundantly} and uniformly; while the
:hens egre and not then fully grown, ..,,- fruit is of the largest size, and of superior -
The tree'when had been .,r'
,' photographed quality. It thrives under,.conditions -
'set out less than two years and a :half; 1
and( it 'was 'less'than two feet high }when that would prove ruinous to
'.set out. The other five trees (of'thi the peach, and so far, has no insect

original six: ) were also heavily )loaded, enemy to excite anxiety f, f
having all the fruit they could well A dark brown aphis attacks the

carry:but did not have to be tied up 1;>...f'i/'<( young growth in the early spring, but
as much as this'one. Two other tree .: .P;.. ,, does not last long enough to do material -
Fet out in February 1886, in the same f-rf. "J.'. .'. damage, as it disappears in warm
row as the original six, were,also allowed ,,"}":e; :l,1 ,-' weather. This aphis: seems to confine
to carry their full ,load of fruit, ""' itself exclusively to the plum ,family,
but in order to help them through: as have never found it infesting any
with it they also had to bo'tied up..' ,,',11 I., other tree or plant.
Photographs were taken of branches .I find Chickasaw plum stocks far
on these trees at the same time that :,> 'superior: to peach stocks for workingthe
the large trees were photographed." On ..J Kelsey plum, giving much more
one! branch of one of these young trees A vigorous'growth,and larger sized fruit.

there were sixty-eight large ,plums, 1M : y The most vigorous growing varietiesof
while the-balance of the tree was also' .w. the Chickasaw should be used for

well loaded. On the other tree (setout ::: :w !il.I: :::::\ this purpose.Kelsey .
in February 1886,) a branch 'was : buds inserted last Novemberin
photographed comprising ,sixteen i nursery stocks one, year old, now
plums, which averaged (when ;picked? ) -- = ,-'.=-.=-: '; measure two to three.inches in circum-
fur and three-quarter ounces each. ference, and stand four to six feet
The trees from which these two photographs i: : =----=------== high, with full, compact heads. Thison
last' mentioned were taken were ordinary pine land, without fertilizers -
set,out t only about sixteen months beforethe of any kind. Buds in grove,
fruit was photographed as'per above. --. -- -=,- --:--- -"" '= eighteen to twenty months old, which; ;

I The cut of a single fruit that KELSEY P][AIM TREE.t have been lightly fertilized, measure
appears on page 678 is an exact A thtee-year-old three in Ihe orchard of M I..Geo.L."Tab ;at'alen st;;' 'Marys, Fla, upon seven to ten inches in circumference,
picture of'one of the plums which we counted four hundred aud seventysby lx large,fruit, on June 15, 1887,when it was pho.wert4'fiEf and are eight to twelve feet in'height, s
to nphed our artist.-Er>rro&: :DISPATC r:
comprised in the bunch of sixteen with tops above> referred to. This 'individualone To summarize the matter 'mr.ex.; firm as''an'apple. TheY'were the Kelsey plum is naturally long
weighed' five and a half ounces perience with this .fruit has been evidently picked ;too :green to 'ripen and willowy' with few lateral branches
'and; pleasured in circumference eight. highly encouraging this far, and I ,up to,eat out of hand, ,but would have 'and in order to secure compact
and 'one-quarter inches, the largest have no:hesitancy in indorsing! (for been very fine fqr choking. heads, 'must be repeatedly cut, for
I way, ,I had J quite a, number of these this'section at E least, ), the points,; 'of excellence ''They are certainly ,great, acquisition pinched back,during the growing,sea
plums l that measured, eight. inches andover claimed for it by California = to the list of plums for the South." eon Buds have slightly overgrown
in circumference the smallest way, growers, 'viz:' For the benefit.of the increduldus, the.stocks .in some cases, but I do! ,not
';and jvhicli: three of them'would very "Its wonderful productiveness is I 'will*say that a plaster of Paris cast fear any trouble from this cause, as
'nearly weigh a pound, while four unsurpassed any"other plum either of one of these plums can be seen at the' check to growth brought about'by
would considerably. overrun it.ThV.two native or foreign.; the office of Mr.A. L. Cuzner, No. 1 full bearing will enable the stocks, to
>< hundred trees set.1' ,out "It comes into bearing at the'age: of W. Bay street, Jacksonville,and the hold ,their,own. I have,found this.to
-In orchard, in February} l$86t; and two to three years,blossoms appearing. plum.itself with others as l large as be the case with Peen-to ,peaches
then only dormant! buds have also frequently on yearling trees." .. any mentioned in this article, ,can be worked on Chickasaw stocks, and theratio'
borne,, ,some fruit'this, :year. In 'some "The fruit is of extraordinary size,' seen in preserving fluid ,at my office bf growth is less with the Kel-
cases as high as ten or twelve, on a being from seven' to nine inches in circumference -J. at the\ nursery, and, ,for further corroboration seys. >J
'tree and the fruit was uniformly, largeand It has a remarkably as tQ ,the size of fruit, quality It would occupy too much space'to
fine. small pit" t of same, and .number: to the,tree, detail my experiments with peacheson
Some of the fruit still remains, on :"It is very: ttractlve in appenrance? I beg to refer to ye editor of, the DIS plum stocks, they (did well for:" f two
the trees, and'a few of them :will probably being of a rl yellow nearly overspread ;, PATCH. 0. L., TABEB. or three years, producing ,extra fine
do so for about two weeks longer, with bright red, and with a 'Glen' St.' Mary Nurseries. ,,Glen. St, ;Mary, fruit, but the majority of the ,trees
',butthe time! ?f' ripening e ges lovely bloom. It is heart-shaped." Fla.,July 20,1887. have died out, and this fact, taken in
'much! earlier this year than it did)last It'is of excellent quality, .meltiijg,i Having seen and- tasted, -we can connection with theivery weak growthof
J'From observations $made' last: t' year!< "
.' .,
; .


", ,.' : ". .

AUGUsTi15.r1887, .1 -. ., ""..._THE_.. __ ...''FLORIDA._. ,_ ___"" "' '!''-,c.DISPATCH... __ ...4. .. ,--.-_.,. ,. _- 677. #""

leads me to infer that in I this,,sectionat second season they bore a small crop one foot in height,each ,holding some fruit, adheres to plum; ripens the first
least, there is,a lack of: simulation 'f'fruit which :;ripened without any buds for setting. At this, time r had half of t uiy. One peculiarity, of.
between the peach rand 'pjura4 defect about the first August This four or five kinds of Florida plums this fruit'is its habit of ripeningprematurely
Peen-to and Honey, peaches do well and peach stocks in;.condition to'receive 'without m'ucb''depre hit.
here on pc ch" stocks provided they season ttey have a heavy crop, which ,buds., I set some Kelsey buds ing its quality.. I think it might be
.receive* proper cultivation, but our began to ripen?about the first of July.I in each of these.: Some! did,: very well 1 ,' picked a month before its time of
soil is not so naturally adapted to l; think:, at least three-fourths of them while.others made but.a feeble g owth. ripening on the trees and shipped;or

peach growth as the limestone landsof rotted just as, they began to turn. Close attention.revealed the. fact that stored, and it would ripen up very
counties farther north, and it may They are nearly all now. ,one of the, trees was leading ,all the well. In preparing it for the ,table or
be {possible that on such soils my 'experience For cooking, I, like them better others in size of growth,and 'healthy, evaporator i it is not essential to peel l lI
ivith the;Kelsey:plum'-,might than ''peaches; and think them about :vigorous appearance. I have not.been I it, for when it is cooked well the peel
,be reversed. Slitting up the, bark of their equalrwhen: eaten fresh. Theyare able ,to learn the'name of the stock on -

the. Chickasaw,..' stock.. occasionally!'" also fine for canning! ., as there is so which this plum was worked, In' ,size: ,, -- '
during the growing season with a i be, found too sweet for some. A little
sharp knife will cause it to fill out V J : ', j lime or lemon juice, however, will
more rapidly. Last spring I!, triedr supply, ,this lack of acid. The growthon
t grafting the Kelsey on, the Chick- I 'H'f 'the peach and other plum stocks
asaw with very ,fair success, and have not made more than half 'the
think such trees will prove preferable size of the one described, and trees
to buds, as when, planted :sufficiently ,:,, from both California; and Georgia .
deep the grafts will probably throw have proveaan entire failure. Half
out,roots above the:junction and forma have: died, the others have made, but
tree-similar'to a)seedling., a' dwarfish, sickly growth and have
When: we can command a sufficiency M not giv'en'a plum. I do not know,
of seed> the:Kelsey:seedling ;will probably iN',. :".1' what the roots are. i't.
prove to!be our l beet stocks. The Kelsey ,was represented to'fineas
consider the Kelseyplum the' dwarf in' habits but budded
very ........ its : on
best intermediate,tree we.can plant in "" ,.......'"" ,- the plum stocks described it 'hasproved
,our ,and lemon- .,, ,...,. '{-1::; itself else but '
young orange groves, ": >.l'oi-t, ">-'.' ,. ,$"'" anything a
as its rapid:growth and tardily decid- .A BEARING" ,KELSErBRANCHf,'.. ,. ', dwarf-a most healthy, vigorous and_ ,
uous habit will soon shade the ground On this branch,,which was taken from one'oCt" he't ree-yeai old; trees referred to In Mr.Taber's rapid grower. Seeing the seed 'pro-
from ,the hot sun in summer, and retard article'elsewhere In this issue,we counted'thirty-sir fall-Sized fruits in a space tf educed a tree identical to its parent,,
sixteen inches. 'Twenty-seven of the plums can be seen In'the cut.-.EDITOR DISPATCH.,
radiation of ,heat from the earthin and thinking a bud on a natural taproot
the winter-in the latter respect being little waste. My Kejseys have the fruit is about\the rsize of a quail's from seed would do better thana
'much better than thepeach,which measured from' six to nine inches'in egg. The side to the ::sun*, is a deep sprout from another tree, two years
sheds its leaves early in ,the season. circumference;the average being about crimson,while'the opposite!! a bright, ago I procured a bushel of seed, which '
In addition to all ,this, we will prob- seven inches.. The tree'is a rampant yellow, the whole covered with white ,I ,planted; they came up nicely and, ,
ably derive an income from the fruit grower and a prolific bearer. I have spots and a dense white bloom. It now T have about fifteen hundred perfect -
fully ,as remunerative as the citrus them on bo h peach' ari.l ,plum stock. ripens 'the,first part of July. When trees, in, fast, so near so that, ;I
trees will afford at their best. On the plum stock':they have grown full: ripe 'the fruit' is very rich,> with would not know where to commence
'While not wishing to disparage much faster, borne larger fruit, and 'decided apricot flavor, rather acid. to make an, improvement., Most of
peach culture in our'State, for I feel rotted wore than on the peach. I The tree is a very thrifty grower and these I: .propose setting quincunx between -
''aSsu'roo\we' have grand' future before think I have told you all I know about an abundant bearer. We have trees my orange trees. A perfect
us in' that line, I claim the,following the plum without going into specula set three, years that will measure five union between, stock and bud; a root,
points in favor of the Kelsey 'plum as tion. ;;T. K. Go DB EY.-' to! seven inches ,in diameter i ;,and pro. I think, that will not sprout, for the
to the peach: The Kelsey will Waldo.. FJa..\July 25,'1887. duced a bushel and a half of fruit to wood and fruit rowth of the ton
thrive with less fertilizing than -is essential i I "7t'f,' taxes the root with all it can do to '
for the. 'peach; will ,withstand ,'; J.' support it. Results stated are with-
the effects off wet seasons! or'J situation i ..,., out fertilizer on high pine land, clay]
better; add finally, the surplus fruit in many places coming to the surface,
may he utilized to better advantage'in r dark rich loam that produces fine
.canning, crystalizing and evaporating.In '1fY crop of corn, oats, potatoes, etc.,
I regard to fertilization,L find,that without fertilizer. Many fine young
'cotton seed meal gives,a,good growthto healthy groves are here that have,
.' young trees: on older trees ,I use :1 .:; J never known a fertilizer. Many
'bone and potash (sulphate)which ought J k 'ui'rw r ra S "" plum trees ,have been sold to persons
L '-'to'be1 applied\ twi during+ the season; I through this part of the State by

''thatis; in"Januaryand June. ,Kainit ;;,":l .:'1 'H;,.' parties outside the State as Kelsey,
::would?probably be the better form of .a >s it! plums.} : They are all a fraud, as time
''pOtash to use,: as chloride ',of sodium '''I!;{:!' ,hW proven. COBPL. MUBDOCK.\
/ or"common' salt, in :moderate quantities : -- 1iiir- j''Oxford., Sumter county, Fla. "
; is'an'excellent fertilizer, plums. :- 'H oj .
Tfie birds this fruit far f For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
r appreciate ;: .
too well for lh.eJryvers! 'good, and I The Kelsey at Valrico. 4
am.sorry to"pay F&nW of nopracticarremedy' ;Your note asking for points ou,the
'other than'the d shogun.I culture of the Kelsey Japan Pldm jn]
.. 1 'I
'Pibked first 'fully (matured*fruit ." ,, South Florida at hand. I am'sorrr

measuring,eight inches ,intf!l circumference A SOUTH FLORIDA KELSEY. ; ', : ,.i : :'to-day. R. He'\BURR. \ I with this plum down to very
Flo.. t /The above is an accurate representation, natural size,"of a Kelsey grown .at Zell wood,
Bartow first
July 30,1887. set
iDtfange'couhty' ,'Fla. The tree from which tt.'Waa taken was a mere withe when planted In "points. having my t e sonly
-4. .1 Jdnuary91886.and this season perfected thirty plums,all about the same size as the specimen about iwo and a half years :ago.
''Fortbe'FiJORlDADlSPATCh.THE ,t'iro'm'which. < '" the engraving made.-EDITOR DISPATCH. No experiments of mine, therefore,
"'KELSEY 'IN 'AliAOHUA' For the FLORIDA: DISPATCH I the tree. On sprouts t 'from, this, tree I can be'viewed as demonstrative of tits:
SUMTER have Kelsey buds two y rs.oId? two entire adaptation to South Florida;
:Plain :Facts Without Speculation.I i 15 1Telsey to two and a half''' inches in diameterand but I am sure I shall not be claimingtoo
my California Trees Won't toA half bushel to the tree of most beau- highly encouraging. The fruit lias
,the Kelsey:plum-can:be of any reatvaiue New StQ k. tiful fruit, averaging a little }larger been greatly (extravagantly I suspected -

: ,'1< *to the'readere:. of the DISPATCH; aMy/ first experience with ,the Kelsoy than hens' eggs.. Fruit perfect, with, i ,at one time), praised in Europeand
as! this is only) my third,, year )with Plum dates back to the spring of out rot or worm. A short stem that on the Pacific coast, but no one
,that ,fruit and we tan know but little 1885 when I received "young 'trees endures a heavy wind; heart-shaped; who has seen specimens grown at Val-
'aboutt, fruit purple on one side and green on the rico would be likely to think it had
in that'
of time.
any length
; also Berck-
trom'California from'I\lr. '
., other; covered with bloom; flesh gf en- been overpraised.. It is a noble plam,
-- 'My: fitst\ trees were set in'February, mans, .of Georgia. They were small!I, ish yellow, very sweet fand,rich; the large, firm,, luscious, richly colored,*

fl&85/tney made f: a/fine 1grevib. 'The; mailing, .:sized trees,-with tops about' "I'pit- :.unusually. small..forhe; ,-size-j.u, /offthe',*fH"J:: !tH.ffi exquisitely' .. 'i '. mourned l, and admirably" r ,








,6'18.. ., .' .'_. i_._ ., :.:' .. :._ -'_ '-------------TK_ _, ,, :1- :: >, -,.. ORID4: F' :DISPATCH.AUGUST:- -- .- 15, 1887.

adapted to shipment. If only the I plucked and handled rather roughlyand Florida. I had forgotten the plum, our own native wild stock, as well as
trees prove in the ,long run vigorousand they 'showed no appearance of \but when I came back home, found it the peach, and we have great hopesof
prolific, this plum may be trusted bruise ,or decay for ten days. The all right at the bottom of said valise, it as one of the coming fruits."
to dispute the second j lace in our fruit ripened with me earlier than 'is a little softer-not much-than whenI . ..
growing list of ,fruits. While,the behavior generally thought, from the 20tlr of gathered it I put it on the mantelpiece At Lake George. .
of a few of my trees on peach June to the 15th of July. Every and a week later, that is, about W.,W. Hawkins, of Lake George,
stocks has been ;somewhat equivocal, feature of the, Kelsey recommends it. two weeks after picking, we ate a delicious -' :
it has for the most, part .been very It is.a good shipper, and for drying, I plum, ,thoroughly ripe and says, ,
satisfactory I have little doubt, how- doubt if it has an equal. Kelsey's sound. What do, you think after Well, we have had just enough experience -
ever, that our wild] plum will prove : have been mostly propagated both from that, of the shipping qualities of the with the Kelsey to increase
the best stock. On this clock, the i graft and but on the peach stock, and Kelsey plum? E. M. DUBOIS. our faith in it very largely. Our trees

Kelsey puts forth, with remarkable when such Is the case the trees should, Tallahassee, Fla.,July 25, 1887' are'all young, and only one bore a few,
vigor'hd health! I have bpds set as to do well, be placed on high, 'well but they were excellence for sur-
dormant last season on,one year stocks drained land. I, have the Kelsey Mr. Hoyt's Experience. par
which have already made,growth: of growing on peach and plum stocks, R. D. Hoyt, of}Bay View, says: "A passing anything we have ever seen of
over six feet-and this without' fertilizer and after very close observation, I last January 1 obtained a.. the plum family. The fruit proved to
year ago
or special attention., Owing to will state that the buds on the wild be all that is claimed for it. Our
the habit the trees have of' putting on plum stock have grown much faster dozen trees, 'budded on peachfrom "man of all work" has a young tree
long straight growths, they will require and bay"a more healthy; appearancethan Mr. 'Berckmans. Giving away all but that ripened twenty-eight fine speci-
to be annually "headed in." This those on peach. There are many three, wHich vere planted in an out mens as large as a good fair-sized
is best effected by pinching, the terminal who object to propagating,any class of of-the-way place, ana attaching no particular peach.We.
buds during 'toe growing season.. fruit on,plum stocks, but their objec- value to 'them,:,they received picked ours as soon as they
If this is neglected, the new growthmay tion arises'from the fact that in most very! little attention until the growing showed signs of mellowing, and they
be cut back during the early instances, sweet plum stocks of the season< was about over. They, how- kept for a week after that. This provesto
winter." Chickasaw type are used and the sue* ever. ,:,,made: a good growth, spite of our mind that it will be most valuable -

I have trees growing 'under somewhat -' ; as a shinning... ...... plum..
different conditions,, but have not They ripened with us about the last
yet,reached any very positive conclusions of June, but we think when a tree
. as to the influence, of different bears' many they will not all ripen at
soils. The opinion is growing with once, but will extend over period, of '
We, however, that a clay subsoil is notaajeime two or three weeks. We would advise
, I have intimated, essential to growers to experiment a little with
success As respects fertilizers, I cutting them back, to see if it will
Have 1 no contribution to make. I have make them fruit heavier.\ '
Iot leubt'hntivever, that the tree would ':i"s' We call the Kelsey Japan plum a
,respond handsomely? to liberal treatment decided success.
.a t on.'this score'; and presume' that ---- #1-. -* q;
bype and potash( would give, the best' At Citra. a 5,:

results,. but I am 1iitpiDg'rapidly into I L: W. Lipsey, of Citra. ; writes ofthe
tie! : ,intoxicatiug) field of conjecture, '. "
: II I'I' j1111111141111'' 1\ ;Kelsey on this wise: My experience -
and 1 remember, you expressed no' "
wish that I'should disport myself'in with the Kelsey Plum,is limited.

that t province. : :11 j I,first got some buds in June, 1886,
,w. G. .TQY8E. | and put some in peach trees and some
'Valrico'Nurseries,Augusts, 1887. '2I 3 '
; j ,ft', 4' f "* J, *V { \\ \ ; .F:. in the common plum trees; they all
)For FLOHIHA'; DISPATCHt.IN .."' ** \\\\k'I/\ did reasonably well considering the
chance had. In
P t, .they early spring of
lMirf, Tisen' Corroborates''the', Ex ,:. : .I 1887, I grafted into the roots of small
;perience from 'Other'SectionsWe /::1 t.* .:;7 :" '":, ; peach trees, the same as I did with different -

: take the following f extract,froma f "-:',..}:'J,;;.k-;'"',, ,". ..t.:..)".., varieties of the peach; they have
',.:."'., ;;arT."" :.r..Y": ""'. done well, but: not as well as I think
!!: >
letter their fruit : "
recent. concerning ,
'';"::' !'':*l;;,' -," the", urnnlt1..v........ have I done nrt V_ rklitm trees.
writtui us by Mr. EH.. Tisen, of A FLORIDA GROWN KELSEY' :.' At OI"'VJ about the same time grafted.l" two
Lakeland, Florida' : This plum was sent us by Mr. Taber.Jromhls orchard at Glen St. :Marys, Fla., and the three of the
I engraving by our artist shows the actual size of the fruit. It measured eieht and one-quarter or trees common plum
4With rue the :Kelsey bears when by EDITOR eight DISPATCH.cor and three-quarter. Inches In circumference, and weighed five and a half ounces.- (which were about five years old),

cluit| ,)'oUlig. frequently one year from r some three to four feet high, and they
+luiJ nr great, though not often setting that are sure to spring from their the neglect, and seeing that they were have grown splendidly. Will expect
its 'fruit the' first time. The secondyear roots makes the sweet plum a very inclined] to help themselves I deter- some fruit next year. I saw trees in
I seldom misses' setting fruit and undesirable stock to propagate on. mined ,to assist. So they were workedover May which were not more than five
increases in quantity each successiveyear. .. fertilized and put in good condition 1 or six feet high that had fruit set, and \
It begins to bloom, in our lati. For the FLORID DISPATCH. for the spring just past, when' nearly as large as an average hen's i tiegg.
tulle,.the latter part of,January and Its Shipping Qualities.My they made a good show of bloom but .
continues? till ,the ;last of February; experience with the Kelsey failed to ,set any fruit. After the ttt i'
Specimens from the, fruit grown at plum does not amount to much. Last. leaves were out one tree bloomed Manatee. ,
Lakeland Nurseries, measurng, seven year I set out eight very small trees I again and'one fruit set, which was P. W.. Reasoner, of !Manatee, IpJa.,
inches' ', in circumference, weighing of that variety of plum, and although carefully watched until removed on writes, us:, Our experience with: the
three And a halt and four ounces, res they were not planted in a very favor!, ,July 1st. I> considered it then in Kelsey Plum has been so slight that it
"pectively, pit very small and differently able spot, they made, this and last condition, to nick for shipment, and''' will hardly be of value to-you-but so
.placed,than with any of the.Chickasaw year, ,a very fine growth. I expect wished to test its keeping qualities. far it has been favorable.
type. It lies immediately under; eye them to bear next summer. It was' wrapped in tissue and l laid Our first

or stem :end of the fruit, but, ,parts'readily As): had Wild Goose ,plums,herewhich !i I away for one week, when it was found buds were inserted on Chickasaw
from the flesh when thoroughly did not give me any satisfaction, I'! fully ripe and, perfectly.sou d. This stocks about a year ago. Though
ripe.. The exterior ,color resembles. I did, not pay much attention ,to the specimen measured one and 'a half by crowded in the nursery row these buds
:, that of a,cherry,. thin rind but very Kelsey plum until I paid a visit to two ,inches in diameter, was nearly ,have grown with a rapidity nearly
dense and ,are similar to peach-:- Mr. Taber's orchard. You know solid meat, the stone being,very small.It equal to that of the native Chickasaw
. The flesh is a highly colored brown, what a sight it was to see those beautiful was tested Jby several people well than which, while young, nothingcould
; very compact, and its quality melting( trees with their load of luscious acquainted with the best plums grownin be faster. A few trees were
: rich and juicy ;, 'aroma like, that of a fruits. I decided at once to set out the Middle States and California, planted out in the winter of 1886, by
: ,high grade peach, in, taste between> a, 100 trees next spring, and so will I. and pronounced by them the finest some of our neighbors, and more last
; ,good grade plum and apricot. I I forgot to.tell you that when at plum they had ever tasted. The ques- winter. All, so far as we know, have
:, J plucked some specimens when nearly Mr. Tatar's, he gave me, as a sample tion :now is, will this, plum prove a done 'remarkably well One tree in
,.ripe and placed them in, a draw for to show you,one of his plums It was reliable bearer in this .part of the the neighborhood had one plum on it
4 two days, and on, examination! foundthe'fruit ,then hard and' green, and I put it in I State? Another year will probably last year, we believe, but no other trees
, in perfect condition. Others my valise, taking it with me#'to* South I settle that. We"are working',, :;it on. are yet bearing. '-'<, '



AUGUST! 15, 1887.] HE? FLOEIDA.,, DISPATCH..> 679Qapden.

,, ... \
-, -' ,
The latter method is not as sure as the Endeavor to sow the seed not too ing on poor land, while yielding enormously -
former, since, if the conditions not thickly, and, should they'be crowded, if richly provided for. Cottonseed
., favorable for the germinating of the on being' up a: week, the, rake 'meal can bq used at the rat \ot
For the FLOxrn DISPATCH.: seed, the difficulty cannot,be remedied'' may be used In thinning them one ton per ,acre to advantage, or any
CABBAGES. with the same ease as would be pos: out, and watering after using it other reliable fertilizer rich in nitrogenous -
sible' if the seed' were confined 'to a Stockey' plants.'cannot be secured elements in similar proportion.We .
Varieties -- Preparing: Seed Bed- smaller area, as in the bed. : if sufficient room is not given. Treated, have no brand nf fertilizer, pre-
Cultivation, Marketing; Etc. : For the latter, ground :is selected I as above, the plants will appear! in pared 'especially for the cabbage,
The cabbage is probably the most: l which is naturally light and not of' a three to five 'days, when they are benefited which' is complete. What is- good
certain of the vegetable crops made in stiff'texture.' To be on the safe side, by a\ light. 'dusting of gypsum, for the tomato or vine, is- entirely.
this State if its natural ,seasons :are 1 it should be rather dry than subject: soot or lime, while wet with the dew. inadequate as a cabbage food.5 if
to even a possible'surplus of moisture. These are both fertilizer 'and insecti cotton-seed 'meal is used it should abe
not forced. To be able the
to supply The one difficulty can be regulated cide. Keep the bed moist, but not broadcast, ur applied in drills and
market, either early or late, before or ,irrigation, while'the other cannot be, wet, by spraying 'water on i it after the thoroughly; incorporated with the soil a
after its natural season, the grower; remedied. A piece of'''ground 20x40 heat of the day.- After the;plants:are month before planting. In additionto
must be prepared to contend with feet will accommodate 8,000 to 10,000 well up, the ground between_ the rows I any fertilizer, common salt can 'be
numerous disadvantages, insects; and plants. The ground should be turned should be' raked as frequently as is used to great advantage at the rate'of
over with the spade, when the whiteor necessary to keep in a loose condition J eight,to 'ten bushels to the acre. ,This
hot for the
weather. Fortunately yellow sand which ha been broughtto If the plants show lack 'of vigor,:usea should also be ,applied broadcast some
Florida cultivator the season :is most the top must be made thoroughly I fertilizer which is 'readily'soluble inI time before planting. When the soil
favorable for its growth here when it rich with an abundant: : application of the water. If i inclined to make long is not naturally supplied with lime

cannot be grown in more north-, any, ''manure, which Is free from,, trash shanks lessen the supply of water, and one. or two .barrels of this. to the acrewill' .,
i* j 4 r ,: -
ern States: thus preventing to, I, ..."_ ", itU,:'" be beneficial, and more
an extent a competition of the' ." ,'., ( .:": ',"f# :,' .M '( may be used if land is'new. i he
two crops. Yet, on the whole, I tz. lime and salt in connection with
the same uncertainties attend any reliable brand ,of commercial -
the, marketing or selling of this $. fertilizer in sufficient quan. '. -

crop, which other vegetables .. tities will insure good results
grown in this State meet with. ; ,. on'the average Florida soil. 'The .
The fact that a good crop is a $ P + HJ,..< <. ,1' land is thoroughly broken*'gas
made is no certain evidence that .. IT. : deep as can be done by repeated
the farmer will be further rewarded ., : : .. It plowing with the turn-plow and
The home market is ..,1 i# i F s y made level with the harrow:;
easily glutted and should scarcely -S 5 S The rows may be laid off with
be taken into consideration by ". + ii VR '__ .;;t four-inch "bull tongue" three to
him who would plant exten:: -5- "f S. -.. ,. five feet apart, governing: the
sively. The Northern market : '.:,t>.;, ", distance.by ,the varieties to,,. be
. .. j jS
-. .. ,
win' < ''; HI ," r j
is best fertilizer either
after the supply of ;, .. > planted. The is
tered cabbages has been exhausted .. j 'applied continuously in this drillor
but when the spring is : '5at proper intervals for hills;
so advanced as to make', safe .'if Dot broadcast, which latter i is
shipping from this State doubtful not so economical a method
on account of liability to decay M t the benefit to the immediate.
in warm weather. Then, t 'crop' is alone considered. If
viewing it from a final point, applied in hills it is forked well,
the cabbage crop is not as satisfactory care being taken that it is.not.
as some othersabouton concentrated in too small a com
a par with the orange, with pass. The roots of the cabbage
the present unsys tematic meth- extend far beyond the reach of
od of selling. their broad leaves. When
The varieties which have done 4 t 1 drilled the same plow used for
best here are Fottler's- Improved opening the furrow can follow(

Brunswick, Hender ,. in the drill, mixing the manure
son's Early Summer; of the, ,. and then run on both sides .
large and early kinds, Early < ,I' afterwards. The ridge thus
'1 ....". ,, ,
," '\
Jersey, Wakefield and Win- ...... "Ii ... ." made is leveled by rake, when
ningstadt, for early but smaller /l"AL'v' ,p' : :' the plants may be set at once,
) TNcw..rof ,
:.c rj ... ..
heads. Varieties of the Flat except when the fertilizer usedis
4 .. _, .
; i S ; r.T; : f : ) : ..
Dutch, Drumhead :and others, ; such as must ao through,..a
which differ from these "i:1. ':r A GEORGIA KELSEY. %- j1 ,* .tn JH's of heat
so 5 ,stage decomposition or ;
I : nf't' '.l' t l.' i ; 5 I
slightly as to be scarcely perceptible ,This Engraving showingthe Kelsey fruit; leaf transverse section and pit,was made by the Rural New ing process, as cottonseed meal.Tf .
tn-- the amateurs AM aninri0 ,Yorker. from, specimens,erown! j bv-Mr.Berckmansv;Augusta, Ga.,to:whom we are Indebted forIts use. -- the l land -la- inclined to-- hfl dry'
the larger and later kinds which. do or -coarse particles, and which will not put earth to them by raking! to' the 1 I or sufficiently well drained to
welL burn.: \ This is deeply forked in and rows, or putting between the rows 'afresh :[; admit, it is preerablto
In selection of varieties to plant! ,the the bed raked until free from trash supply from the alleys. In from' i i[t plant below the general level. My
grower will be governed by his intentions and quite level.. So lay off the bed four to five weeks from the time of:!I! method has been to run the bull tongue
'as to market to be supplied and that,it,,will not be ,necessary to walkon planting the seed,. the largest of' the ''I'the i fourth time, after preparing as
time of putting them on the 'market. it'from time of 'making,to takingout plants may be plucked out and planted above, and planting after the rake has
The above are all safe,"headers" under, the plants. It. is' then preparedfor in the field. If the bed has been partially' filled the furrow. In, his
favorable conditions* My experience ,the reception, of the seed by sink- kept mellow, this maybe done without work on the subject, White thinks the
has been that the FottLr's:Brunswick, ing a board three or four inches wide the'aid of 'forks; otherwise' this must cut worm can 'be avoided by planting
though perfect in all! other respects, so as to leave, its impression one-half be used to start the roots and prevent below the level but the Florida cut
does not stand the cold as well as inch in depth with intervals betweenthe too''much'' mutilation. I j I! worm goes to the bottom of things and
some of the later kinds; and that" the rows of eight inches. This 'will The nearer'' like the bed the field :[: is not particularly. averse to foraging
Winnirigstadt is more given to decay give a firm, but not hard,. and broad has b prepared, for' the 'plants the in depressions. The planter must be
when nearly ;matured If the weatheris bottom for the ,seed, which will scatter better the result A plant cannot be governed by'the general moisture of
very warm. as they are dropped, giving them room expected to' ,grow with vigor trans- his -I land in'determining the question of
The cabbage is usually started in in, :the rows and enabling them to be planted'' from a, bed with every'condition planting on the level, below or aboveit.
the seedbed, but the seed can be worked as needed. The'seed are .covered favorable for growth to the field The cabbage will not thrive with
placed in the field where intended, to, by lightly king over the whole} when it lacks these qualities. The selection water standing about its roots.and yet
grow and make equally as well and bed till quite level J, ,and, instead 'of .of the field should be naturally' it can use and wants an abundance.
with less trouble and expense providing firming or. packing the ,ground with moist, but'' thoroughly drained land; it :.- ''
seasons are favorable for germinating : the feet, as recommended by Hender and if. not very rich should be madeso. [To be Concluded In our next.
small seeds without irrigation. twill son, for Northern soils, the bed shouldbe The cabbage is a gross feeder, and -" r r MM H BMPMVH*.fH, *,

be at once seen, however, that.the. J ( watered** until' !',sufficiently* ,f" compact.. i will.. l ,require" a. long' time to make:.*rioth-,; ft. ,Heavy fig crop'in*Clay. county.




t, .... .. : ,'. ... .-. .
-- ., ::;:"' I4'' tffl''J. 1 4 "t ""4'I.'f "J;;; $": '''. "t: "f..f' ."- t':, f'. .1 i
, 1180 "' "- "," ;. :._-,.... .-"> ". '- --FLORID.A.-, _.-.. DISPATCHCAuousi.1L18$7.: : ..

" ; 1 1" .4t I(I'd ..! .- .Textra:, .
; f care, was given them while at the end, ,dragged down by the anything;;and sis generally"suffi.cient if
t O'lIn mental Horticulture. young, securing a vigorous start anda weight of the ,flower-buds, J proceeded, properly secured 'over the lop.'" ,

:, p tt. { .constitution. ", able'. ,te' withstand- after, to take my shears.and cutthem, ,.back. OTHER PLANTS. .
., : -t"' ;' BY W..C. STEELS.- neglect,,or else.that they receive.semioccasionally to"bedrock, ," which meant tha noth--: Bulbous plants, ,lilies, gladiolus
". -'' .. a ,little_ extra attention, in ing but the bare brown stalks; were. and the like, require rich"soil (it can
;; ;v "'f'fHibiscus.\: .t ( the shape,p(wateror digging. left, standing..about fix inches high.It hardly ba made too:rich) and moisture,.
.In the DISPATCH of June 20th wequoted' It ,is ,difficult to believe until you was a'doubtful experiment,for I Dahlias\ ,,too, are plants ,which require
i : t v have seen. the difference: between the. knew nothing practically about their: the richest soil, and when supplied -
about these
4 f ,an+ item -' plantsfroma > bloom f$ from the,sickly. stunted, plant, needs, and several flower-wise neighbors it gives most magnificent flowers
; : floral magazine, and,.added, a, and those from ioue under,. good cultivationanddoingeit3 ,told)( ,me they wereruin.edi I protested nt effects. Unless'one is trou
: note about some ,of our native vari ; i best. I know .of stoutly that, .what, wart a good, bled with moles or gophers I think
eties. Since then, in crossing the St. no .rose bush which, .if sickly, gives rule should be,sauce for ,I he goose as there is no necessity of taking np the
Johns river on a train of the:Jacksonville more unsatisfactory or poorer blooms well as the ,gander, but was gravely' bulbs or' tubers here in California
\ than the.Ma.r chat Niel or the ArchDuke informed that, carnations ,were not like during the'winter months, though
l ,Tampa and Key Wes.t Railway, J Charles, yet ,the first is the anything,else,and couldn't be ;.treated t, I know many do so., .
j dustbelow:: Palatka: S if,. we saw several- finest yellowy tea-rose, grown, and the likerosea. Asa consequence, when" RoBes, especially the red varieties,
H. 1 scoccinea,, in bloom. Doubtless second, ,when perfect; one of the,most, some three or four months,after, my need the sun and all'the'richness of
many readers of the DISPATCH have lovely} i imaginable.Frequently carnations ,been j jCarefuly) dug soil you can give them. Wood
seen/and admired the beautiful blossoms flower$ which ordina around and w'ktered jn the,mean time; ) ashes or powdered charcoal are also
""I'f: of rily you ;would spass ,by without a second put on a, new preen top of young, excellent for them.
*rr the Chinese// varieties' which glance, will;, when carefully at- shoots and stood literally loaded. with Deep cultivation (for any; plants)
are jyery common now in door: yardsall tended, be the most exquisite ; there- buds, I. was in no small degree elated. takes the place of water to a great extent -
over the,State., fore, a few hints on the care of such But a short time ago, on inquiringof though,they do still better. 'if they
It is no exaggeration to say that the may not be amiss.CULTIVATION. a florist, who formerly grew large have a pla y.
AND PRUNING. quantities of them, the reason of their All plants of whatever sort should
blooms 6f these cultivated
largest d varieties. The first thing to be attended to, scarcity I was told that he "used to have the blooms cut as soon as"'they
--:,. 1: ; do, not equal the'. average size then, is the soil. .Try to keep it at keep lots of 'em, but somehow they begin to fade. Not only do the old
of the, wild ,flower, while the intense: least reasonably soft around them,'although don't amount to anything ;; they grow blooms disfigure the ap of the
vivid/scarlet of the latter cannot be it,is not necessary to have it a year or two and just die out." plant but the forming seeds is a vfry
lescribwi, but must be1 seen'to be ap like meal, .merely digging it deeplyand At the same time, as I write, I can exhausting one, and should be pre-
t' loose enough so that their little see three carnation plants-two of vented as much as possible.
predated rr! Although a' native. .of rootlets may find a way. them five years old, the third beingone WATERING.
I marshes; and often-' i found- : grotiving inmudand Next to digging-:almost, I was of the originals on :which I exper- When you water ; do so. at-,night,
water top deep for'wading, going to say, here in California, more imented eight years ago. How old it and thoroughly. You may think when,
yet the plant, like many others of the necessary frequent trimming andpruning. ,was at that time I.do not know, thoughit you use a rose nozzle that you are put-
same'' natural habit,' I is perfectly athome was probably) two years old at least; ting on an immense quantity of water
In of the where the but it has it actual when in them,
i 'b flow.ersprofusely 1 parts country at present on by reality you are giving{
and: ; grQwslu; 'riaqUl'ari# ground freezessolid all-winter and the count (I have counted, as a matter of but litle. Take a bucket and fill it
k .. "
; E on I iigha.dry lap Thetpps heat bums them all summerrx80 that curiosity), 646 buds :and blossoms, from the sprinkler,. and see how long,
,are not afraid, of ,any amount of they have butt?a short time for"grow ,the whole, plant looking like a newly it takes, and ,you will be able to judge'
sunshine, but the soil about 'the root/ ing each year; this rule will, of course, rooted one. about how much. you are; putting on.
should, be: ;mulched or shaded, ; to keep not hold good ; but in California, The fact is that wherever cutting A wH-grown plant.to get,a good soaking -
it from getting too ,hot for the roots., where, with reasonable care, a plant is done it forces new shoots, and these needs the equal of three or four
So far as we know the plants I are not will grow steadily, increasing in side new shoots produce the flowers; there-, wooden, buckets of water, and to put
offered by, ,any nurseryman orflor'ist'in :, the year round, it.is different mat fore the more new shoots you can force them on, with a sprinkler takes 'time
the South., The seeds can' be.. had., the more flowers you'will have, and and patience. Do not allow the waterto
of 80P,1e of,the NortlierA florists., Probably ter.A great many here still follow the vice versa run with the full force of the stream,
,if any one living near, where_ the old Eastern plan oi doing all their Just as soon, as my plants (of any as it will harden the ground; moreover
plant grows wild would< collect same\ pruning of plants in the fall ; but it kind except annuals) give signs of be, if your soil is of the sort which
of the seeds this summer, then might 'seems to me that where plants grow ing nea'rIyout of bloom, and the foliage packs, do ,not wet the whole bed, but
sell, them, ,or exchange! them for some and act, so differently there may be looks dry and no longer fresh, I only the individual. plants, if posssble,
other desirable seeds. or plants, by difference in treatment ,also, and in a cut back with no gentle hand and rest covering ,afterward: with :dry soil. Of
j,:r:making} the tact known' through' theDtsrATCa. climate BO mild that 'We may gather them for new efforts. This;not only course, in a rare garden, the.labor: of
'" .' .. carnations and 'heliotropes to deck our does not prevent them from attainingsize this renders It' impracticable, but
:,' > .-4 Christmas trees we need scarcely be but rather seems to force rapid ,where there are a few jlant3it may be
> t',( 'he, Care ,of,Tender, f,, ._, ,Plants.. ;,Jv governed by the same rules which apply .- growing and vigorous shoots.HELIOTROPES done, ,and; acts.a. stitch; in timer
**'*?A correspondent of.the;PactSorat1 / Bu- in a climate where. ,all plants must which saves nine. Another way to
.. Frets has something to Bay'on this taken up and carefully prepared to are greatly benefitted by this trim- hoard up the moisture is.,to use .a
withstand the winter's coldrahdibrjce( : .D1iIig;. nL'more particularly by a lib- mulch of some kind around: #their roots.
which is and
subject t '. 4 a good one, apples -' them for blooming in the spring.: eral application i of soapsudg. I know Good strawy manure is the' best 'but 'r
1! *'so well to this. State; that, we Not only !with roses,' out with any of no;plant which responds so readilyto half l trotted straw, leaves, or even-weeds
quote at \considerable length. The of the plants I have named, frequentand this, stimulant, ,and ,I have had a pulled,from the garden: dp very wellin
directions fQr pruning: and wateringare severe clipping is a great aid. to dark-purple; .heliotrope, the I tenderestand lieu of better. .
specially worthy of.careful study their;, !..health .and subsequent': ? growth, poorest' bloomer of 'the wholefamily I Give ,your roses, carnations, pelargoniums -
bY.1l. very one who wishes too. beJBuci, not.to, mention size and beauty the give: me,great sprays o deepest. ; and such the sunny spo the
cessful.. blooms.; purple blooms eight ,inches across, for fuchsias, heiliotropes, lilies, etc, the
J.I."B\ tender I do not' mean.. thosewhicli CARNATIONS., two or three.months,after, receiving. a: partial hade. Fuchsias dp well any-
,are difficult to grow, but_ suckplants. I was:once, advise ,by friend. him- few bucketfula of suds. where if watered and cultivated, but
\?:as roses pelargoniums, heliotropes self very skillful with, flowers and extremely PELARGONIUMS, but:their blooms are finer i in.the shade.. ,
fuchsias,,: carnations !and. the, fondof;; them, never to bother are ..benefitted, by c.uttin'gf r. two: rea-: Give,your,plants plenty: of room: and
like, which; in order to give fine, with carnations. Said he, "They: always sons; one,(Qf course, the production of do not crowd them, setting them far
blooms,;need cultivation and .,pare,, in grow stragging} andt sprawjmg, flower shoots, but .also because, they enough apart so that they may: all'"get
opposition, to those, which,( ) .bloom,, well l and;,\ never: look well unless you are are brittle. and easily broken naturally the eun.q
without. it. Indeed,', I think, +no one, forever tying! them up, and ,you will ? growing,, with long, slender The difference in the. size, and
who,expects\ to have a,garden ,raised get no satisfactionfrom 'them.' I,mentally branches By,keeping.them, cut,,back: beauty of the blooms, seen at-the:flor>
on ..the: principle,by;W hich i ppsyMust:/ ; resolved that I would, .have carnations -, to a round, stocky busb.,!not only do ist's and those taken from private gardens
growed" ought,to plant, any of these and, moreover that I would they give a mass of:bloom,, but.are is not by any means to be attrib
I have,named. not have them ,straggling; or sprawling prevented from being' broken by the uted'always to their being grown Jon
It js-taut,.hat, even when, miserably i i I reasoned! ,that the same.general wind, etc. It.takes 1 (very little. frost to ,der glas, for many Of the cut flowers
neglected..Such phmja :will;,:;sprawl treatment ought. ,to hold ,good affect these and heliotropes, and even i sold are grown: in the open air. The
through an unsightly existence, and, with, ,all giants? ,to some extent, and, around, Oakland they will often be difference is in the t :constant,
one or more of them, are oftentimesBeen therefore: instead,.of allowing)mine to killed :if left uncovered(l during the; !wily, intelligent} care each variety receives
doing nicely. ia-an otherwise utterly grow from year; to year at the:tips, as winter knightsTo cover them do not I ", and/ when we give" them the
:neglected..garden; (but as/ ,gn- isusuallyddonepreseiitingafof} 'of dry, ass anything heavy: enough\ j toreakthem same care'We*" shall. 1 .r g a...:the4Bameresalts.
oral! rule, it will be found either that unsightly stalks with a patcll'of green ; a newspaper does"as' well as I ?' /: k.r

I ", ;;-" ',"''..,,, .. ..-" C, .


",. .
AUOUB'rt15,1887..] --,-----THE'!:.PLORIDA /DISPATCH:= ).681H' .


western plains and when in. the army, For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. Think, i-' not so., (much .-,of, having i !

,, rro Il e. .IIi I sts I will give you,my method. Suggestions in Regard to Cooking.Editor friends as of showing yourself-t a friend.

f Take a quart': bowl and mix in it Home Interests: Most real i friends' come T 'of-*'the reciprocal _

BY MBS.. E. A. HILL. to, the consistency of a stiff batter a Do the sisters .know' what' a"wonderful -. attachments ,
: :
) < 'HI own -
: your sympathetic
paste of :wheat. flour, one half tea- improvement it is to, squeeze the -
conduct. ; "
;: of salt hot water
About spoonful using' just
of '
j "f, below the. scalding point. : Let the juice from an orange Qvera; saucer. : Keep your' hard,' thoughts to. ..'be

) j'b inquiries, regardingthe' : bowl be about two-fifths full of the rice before eating? prayed ;over, your 'new thoughts\ for

preparation of cassava for the batter; leave the spoon with i which it And ,my waY' of cooking, tapioca ,is reflection only! settled thoughts

table."" Our experience has been light',; is stirred In the batter: 'and.'cover II witha to let it soak 1 in cold water; for a few give to' ., others.Do ; .. your, '" '..t'

yet we have used it.to some extent asan saucer. hours, setting the earthen crock on
1 Set the bowl in a )kettle of hot not try to make 'conversation. ;
article; food and it the back of the stove when for '
we find very ; ; ready :J'
water, just;deep enough not to float, your friend's silent thoughts iiIi y be

nice for puddings,;: etc., it,, is good upset it, and keep the water near cooking add a pinch of salt; when clearit ;of more value to him than yo ur'talk.
and boiled for the milk is ready for eating; dish out, puttingon
grated : '; season as scalding point; some use : !
milk I : Let your visits 1 be> short ,arid important
it of condensed add
mashed turnips and other vegetables., with the water in making the paste i a spoonful ,
find then it is called ,"milk rising sugar and jelly of.some kind, or guavamarmalade. :: If you, put little valueTupon
There is a secret in regard to the cooking it 'and, See. I also time, consider that anoth r',
In 'from four.to.six hours,it should bea Try your .
'of cassava,.which must; be under light foam ,and fiji the bowl, and use the juice of an orangewhen in sea-:, time may be of some account,if yours

stood .in. order ,to make it a success. then or just before it should. be mixed is not. ;, ; ,' i ; ,>! :Hl

The, root can be broken up in size with the flour and set for rising; this son.For preparing dried beef for the Keep your speculations" > to yourself.t ,

to, suit; put this in boiling water, after quantity will make from four to six table: Make your' gravy, add egg or tell, onv'your convictions.Would .
gooo''' loaves. Tbe bread 'will be' not as preferred, unless the beef is: exceedingly you ,be appreciated'make'not

being thoroughly washed. Do not.let whiter if, mixed with ,milk (sweet), salt, it requires, soaking. your company too common; human -

the kettle, top{boiling moment until but warm water with salt ,to,taste wille I just drop it in the gravy a moment, society must be! ever fresh, or

the.'cassava is) picked; out; it shouldbe > sufficient. The "rising"i while set-: (depends upon! tbe quantity needed) or it becomes a burden to both'parties.

boiled without ;stopping for aboutan king should be stied'occasionally! ; if put in your dish and po'ur' the gravy The 'best sayings come from the
it and stirring to beat it bestthoughh, while the best thoughts
not used immediately when ready' it over ,
hour then pick it out with fork .
a born
of the best
actions. ,
becomes odorous and spoils. The thoroughly. This makes the gravy are

and peel off every particle of color, bread spoilsi in the same'way if not right for salt, and the beef is very Measure your sentences by the,rules: ,

leaving the clear white root;; this is baked. at the proper time. ,N. W., tender and not made tough by cook of sense, kindness, truth and' *; brevity.,<

used Irish but ,the,! _' ing. V.P.SIMMONS.*..t'?
as potatoes, perhaps > *H I .
"-:..- : To cook cut it round, in : ; ; t.
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH egg plant
most,desirable:way is to slice the cold -- ---- --- -- ---- -- I "
: ;
A,Simple Expeditious\ Omelet.' slices half an inch thick sprinkle :with Fast Eating.,
I ,' .- .
boiled root (cooked ,as above), and : :
Editor Home Interest: 'I 'It sTake = s pepper and salt and press with a lightweight : By eating fast the stomach, like a
fry;in meat fat,or butter; it is relished for _an hour or two;, drain ,on three less bottle filled funnel is
eggs, more or according being through a
very',much;and we confess to a,\preference napkin! dip each slice in beaten egg,: : knowit.
to' number of beat full and before
; we
.for this in place;;of the I inevi persons then in the cracker crumbs, and. fry : 'IJ{ 4.h'
table sweet potatoe. very light with, "Dover's 'Egg Beater, in, butter''until a light brown. ., But the most important reason, is '

without separating, ; 'yelks. and whites; Another way: Pare and let the the food is swallowed before time has'been

\The ,top is a beautiful, shrub; ands then add one tablespoonful,pf sweet slices stand in salt water an hour or allowed l to (divide it in sufficient \

used; by .8.fta1.door, yard, ornament ;
many ; two dip in flour and fry as above.
milk for: each egg used: ; a pinch; of ; 1 ly small. pieces with the teeth' ; for, !like.. %
SISTER HELEN. ,1t| > { l f
: .1" salt;,and cook in a,common frying-pan,. 'iit"orthe' ice in .a tumbler of water, the smallerthe
Caflsaja is i immensely "..productive,' i / 'It
.t having, the h.o.t with bit i .of- bits the are'dis,
same ,a I FLOBIDA DISPATCH. are sooner they
and,can.be} utilized for .stock, and ,we' ; ; r
\ butter. : *, pr grease, from. fried meat, tokeep How to Kill Boaches. solved. Itshas been seen with i the
think the estimates, on this, ,has not : 'I I "! r i L r'I
it from' sticking. I always;, 'fry,4. Editor Home Interests: naked eye, that if, ,solid food is ,cut up. ,
been overdrawn : ; i ; ; 1'i )
: out,meat and ,use the, grease, t from it, Perhaps? .some of your readers will : in pieces as smalls a !half pea it digests
We find, there is a,diversity of opine be anxious to know how to rid of .almost without'''
for,frying, Irish, potatoes, cakes, etc.. .,, in get as soon, being
ion in regard to its relative merits;;:1 preference" ; to using' lard). I tip ,the' the pestersome cockroaches that infest i chewed at all, as if it had been well''

one of pur readers{ says "We think kettle, i. e., hold the handle up a little, ,some of ,our houses here in the masticated. The best plan; therefore,
is for all to thus comminute.
superior to other, field persons
cassava ; crops Sunny ,
to keep. the omelet from spreadingover their food for if it is well chewed'
for,,,stock, aq the ,yield,is .BO great per: too much surface, and cook 'very I was told that if I would scatter' the comminuation; ; is no injury:;! while
borax shelves it
,and.there, is,such a number. of it and it powdered on my ''
acre quickly, rolling up sending' would kill them. I did it i is of very great..importance in' case
animals that will eat it ; chickens .wild 'to the table on a hot plate. When' I and : had roaches. abundantly of hurry, forgetfulness or bad teeth.

devour: it.raw .with ayidity." nave,curled parsley garnish' with it.. one yet day one of our neighbor women Cheerful conversation prevents,rapid,

Now. this omelet is,very easily made, eating.-Journal of Health. .
extract of I in ,
W$ give the following a was reading a that cucumber :? lti
r paper
and as good,as I ever ate at Parker ; ...._.. .
letter esteemed of peeling laid around for them to eat r "t
by an correspondent House, in Boston, Windsor Hotel, N. For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.Recipes. < .t

Wejaka We;would,like to have. him Y., or Riggs House, in 'Washington.' would kill them, when a new idea -, '
1 '
struck her and it
she tried to her sat .
tell us:what article or articles he. con-, I think flour or corn' starch make an
omelet tough aside from being isfaction. The following recipes have been
eiders superior,as,food to cassava, he ,+ more )
\ She cut ,slices, of cucumber and
. for this Uby
trouble, know. colored cooks who prepared expressly
says: "We have never: used the cas- absolutely refuse to use ;the DoverEggBeater chopped them a little on the top to, Florida housewives :, paper. J.,1 f
savain; our family as an article,of diet, -1 I make the borax adhere. better, then. ; :
them thick with the borax and CASSA v A.-It may be boiled, mashedand
and,. as far .as I,know all who began, The above recipe is from the pen of spread ,
them where the insects could used with meal for
placed corn making
its.,use. have discarded it., It is no better our reliable correspondent of Northwest them. When she did have "a" ;, <
-t *- get not a cassava '
Florida. We send,thanks for the pone.Mashed .
than other things that are; of cucumbers she used watermelons in J.
} ,
same, and also wish to apologize for and, mixed with Irish potatoes
l less trouble tQ prepare, .hence,its use 1 mistakes in print of last recipes. In .stead. adds to quantity, some think"'to'''

has.,been dropped. speaking of her Crao Apple Jelly," The result was her house was quality. '. J.n'; '

"So far as my observation goes none she says: "I do' not 'halve the 'crab cleaned of the pests, for she could Mashed and mixed with flower in
them the handful. I tell
of the older settlers continue its culture apple in preserving, but use them' scoop up by making biscuit. '"
feel know that
t' : whole; therefore ,they are more Hike you we happy to we Before boiling it should be, peeled,
I consider It amply anaddition
ruse. beads of amber'Maw' apples, you can master them so easily. as the bark ,is bitter, and only4 the Ps'rt'that

f 4 without,!. *; any advantage: say and perhaps I am wrong. The FARMER JOHN'S WIFE. is tender like the sweet"'potato;'
}' . natives call' them 'horse1 apples; 'a' *. ; should be used. The butt end of the
For the FLORID DISPATCH., ," ,,,'; splendid cooking apple, cooking lip as tubers that are fibrous are bitter.

"! .E, Sajt Rising Bread., ',.. though sifted. 'May ..haws' are used Editor Thoughts Home, interest for*the: Thoughtful.'I'' ", ...., The grated root makes' a basis for

Editor Horn Interests: very largely here for making jelly Seek to dispense rather than .receive. puddings and may be used with e rga,.

Someone asked time ,how and make, nice fine jelly just milk and seasoning and ,make
along ago very The water is only sugar 2 ., ,,,T/;
to make "salt arising" bread. I have tart enough to eat with meat, but theyare : kept, pure a fine dish.Some .

not seen\ any reply to that request. 'a small,red plum,resembling:what .by ,water being constantly drawn fromit. 'boil and mash and season,. like.,
Having had experience when; on,the in'Maine'we,called the ''Thorn!Plum. '; Filthy cesspools only receive. potatoes and allit!; -very finei ;1 '*



., .
. 682 THE' fFLOBIDA*'=DISPATCH:! rAuGuST '15; i1887l.


EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT.t The Florida Nurserymen's Asso- Kelsey's Plum. with him, and' it may. be possible,that F.

ciation. We devote considerable space in subsequent years will demonstratethat I

A. H. MANVILLE;Editor. On another page we publish a full this issue to Kelsey's Plum, and give it is not as well suited and as

> Contents.THE and official i report of the recent session several illustrations, four of which I i profitable here as at first supposed.

OBCHABD-Kelsey's Japan PJum, of this Society. It wan one of the have been designed especially for the I Don't go too strong on this fruit .
the coming fruit for the Southern
: South,an account of this Plum by Mr.. nost important Horticultural Conventions FLORIDA DISPATCH from specimens Don't put all your eggs in one basket. :
Berckmans.who first brought it to the v \ t+
Atlantio States; The Plum par Excel- ever held in Florida, there beingin grown in this State. Don't plant. more trees than you can.
lence; The Home of the Kelsey's: the ; I
finest specimens produced East of attendance''a full representation of Of all our,,new fruits, the Kelsey is, afford to lose, but give it a thoroughtrial. ,
Mountains from '
the Baker Rocky county ..... .........come.....01..., 675 the Nurserymen of tho State:) as wellas perhaps, attracting most attention .
In Polk county a prodigious .
grower H
the best stock Insect Enemies, Pruning -' a number of leading fruit growers from our fruit ,and it certainly .
FertlUzation. etc..... ...... .'..... 676 growers The Georgia Horticultural Society.
The, Kelsey in Alabama, plain facts and prominent pomologists. The va promises well; we say "promises well"
without speculation; Sumter county We need offer no apology for de-'
report, the Kelsey: a success Georgiaand rious discussions on horticultural for we do not wish to go upon recordas
California trees won't do., a new voting such a large part of this issueto
Stock; The Kelsey at Vairico.....:... 677 topics, of. which our account is necces- endorsing unreservedly a fruit that
In South Florida, Mr.Tisen corroborates an account of the recent session of
.' the Experience of other Sections; sarily somewhat abridged, were very has not yet been grown long enough
.. Its Shipping Qualities; Mr. Hoyt's this association; we only wish our
interesting bearing they did here its
at Lake George atCltra upon to determine fully adaptabilityto
; ; ;
tX Manatee .... r. 678 space had permitted'' us to give the
** < the most
THE Guu zx-Cabbages; varieties, Pre- questions now agitating our our soil and climate nor its profitableness -
Seed Bed,Cultivation, Market proceedings without condensation.No .
'. rZt::; .. .. '.... 679 progressive fruit: growers. I for market. But we. can say similar
association in this
ORNAMENTAL.t The care HOBTICULTUBE of Tender Plants-Hibiscus ...-. 680 The discussion on catalogues,. which I that it has behaved as well as, any coun-
BaKE INTEBESTS-Something about Cassava -, considerable time try, not excepting those that meet
occupied was more I fruit could behave in the three yearsit
; Salt Rising Bread; Suggestions within borders is
In Regard to Cooking; How to Kill especially interesting to the'trade, but has been grown in this .State. It our own of greater

Fact Roaches Easting;Thoughts; Recipes for the....Thoughtful.. ............681; the result establishing a "high has thus far proven vigorous, healthyand interest to Florida. It has been
ITORIAI-Contenta The Florida Nur ,
through society and its eminent
serymen's Assoclattoni Mr.: Berck class" standard among our leading prolific in every section of the ,
mans' ; 8 Plum; TheGeorgia I President that
have received most
Horticultural nurserymen will be appreciated by all State. The practical experience we we
President Berckmans' Address, Proper of the
: fruits which
Sphere of a State Horticultural Society tree buyers, as will also be ,the effort this ,week shows that the trees new promise
..... ...... ..... ...... ...... ...... 6S&-4 free us from the "one crop" bondage,
The'Georgia Horticultural Society, 'Condensed to obtain uniform and lower classification are not only prodigiously fruitful, but
account of its Twelfth AnFlornid and to fill our coffers with untold
i Nurse rynien'i Association..FlorIda ..t 6S5-6 freight rates on nursery stock also bear when ;ery young. The fruitis wealth.
Horticultural Society to be The action endorsing the Sub- very large and of fine quality.. Thus
Organized. Report of the Third An- The LeConte and Kieffer the Peento
nual Session.................. ...... 687 Tropical and providing for an exhibit far neither, fruit nor tree has been -

THE Quince NURSERY-Catalogues and Apricot ;Tree......Agents.......f.:688\ ;: will be generally approved. seriously attacked by insects or dis and Honey, the Kaki and Kelsey
have been received through this chan-
-- *------ :
But the
perhaps most important;
In order to make room for the complete this of ease.The nel, and the fruits of our State have a
thing accomplished by meeting
Kelsey seems especially adaptedto
in its discussions and its
and fully illustrated account of place cata-
the Association the
was provision Florida. Although in Geor-
the Kelsey, plumwhich.appears in this made for, the organization of a State gia and other Southern States, it nowhere logue.

issue, to enable us to publish the Horticultural Society, in which the thrives so well as here and i But it is not only in this restricted

proceedings of the twelfth session of the I Fruit'' Growers Association have been furthermore is much, sense that the meetings of this societyare
our season so ear-
Georgia Horticultural Society,. whIch invited to participate and which in a of interest to our readers. It is
1 lier that do not in
competition -
we give to the public for the first,timethis' semi-official manner' 'they, have signified we come recognized by pomologists throughout
with other sections in market.
officialrecord their willingness to do. .
week; and to include the .. the country as a model horticultural
of the third semi-annual session Unlike the LeConte, Kaki, Guava society, and is accepted as authorityon
Mr. Berckmans' Address.
..of the Florida Nurserymen's' As The address delivered in and other valuable Southern fruits, Southern pomology. It bears the

sociation received to openingthe the Kelsey will "take" in all markets; relation to the Southern States
just as we go recent session of the Georgia Hor same

press. "The Farm" we .have |beeq ticultural Society by its President, the the taste for this fruit is not acquired, that the American Pomological Soci-

obliged to omit, and some other? im- distinguished Southern Horticulturist it is not necessary to develope: a mar- ety does to the United States. It has
ket before it will sell. Plums
portant departments.It Mr. P. J.Berckmans,of Augusta, Ga., always done more than 'any other agency to

is our purpose to give place every will be read with unusual interest, as command a good price. Only last develop the wonderful horticultural

week to all the within : week one of the most extensive fruit of and
departments our its is resources Georgia contiguous
subject: matter throughout, pecu- .
field, apportioning- to each ,space- ac liarly appropriate.. to the popular trend growers. of Georgia. ,.a man who. raises. States.

cording, to its relative importance. To of thought w among the *"Agri* -Horti- peaChes, apples and pears in almost We need such a Society more than

some extent we have been able to do culturists" of this State. unlimited quantities, said to us that Georgia or any other Southern State.

this in recent issues, and trust in a very In dealing with the history and he made more from his Wild Goose Our isolation in the matter of soil and
short time have plums in seasons hen he obtained a climatic conditions render
to our plans so perfectedas liar features of this eminently successful us more r

to follow this arrangement without Society, he has marked out for us i good crop, than from any other fruit. dependent upon our own experience,

the Everyone knows how eagerly the less able to borrow from '
deviation. From expressions we a safe which reach our neigh
path by we may
have received approving this featurewe like results. California plums are sought i in market. bors. We understand that the Floe"'

believe our readers generally appreciate His discussion .of the ,disproportion The Kelsey surpasses both in appearance ida Fruit Growers Association, which

a systematic arrangement,. ate increase, in urban as comparedwith and quality. Its excellent ship- has done si: much to advance the fruit

especially do those who are exclusively' rural population, in its bearingon ping qualities enable the grower' to growing interest of this'State duringthe

interested in gather the fruit\ before it is ripe,"aijd last ten and which is
a parttcula.subject. ordepartment horticulture; and his treatment of years, now
like find the matter to get it into the most distant markers of Horticulturists
to the relation of politics. to agricultureand composed our leading -
seek in its accustomed in the country not only in sound, but. will in with
they arranged the consequent duties of the.patriotic conjunction our
place each week. I 'citizen commend themselves also in a perfectly ripened condition; nurserymen, undertake this work, the
We believe, however, that all will these merits commend it to every fruit first step in this direction being a re-
true American.His .
every organization and broader basis and
grower in the State. If it fullfils its ,
agree) that the .matter we make re om remarks on the "boom" featureof under the name of The Florida Hor-

for this week is sufficient importanceto modern growth and the importanceof promise, and we have every confidencein ticultural Society. In view of this

justify our deviations from this rule. better agricultural and experimental its doing this, it is destined to rank fact, we recommend the organization

4- farms and gardens are second in importance only: to the of the Georgia Horticulturists to the

A very interesting communicationon fraught with interest to every tiller of orange as a pomological product ''in careful attention of :our readers. Their

: the orange from Lyman Phelps, the soil. Florida. constitution and by-laws exhibits spe-
We congratulate readers cial committees and district
our upon reports,
and several other interesting articles, receiving at firsthand, matter of such We advise every one planting fruit and last and most important of all their

have been unavoidably. owd'ed.oqt interest trees in Florida to try the Kelsey.
:*. great and 'importance to therurallsta.of unrivaled catalogue is worthy. of our

Ihia week and will ,appear next week. the,South. .: ". .'.i ,:Mr. Godby reports that:it has rotted study and imitation. ,,' x '. '





.. ".... _." .. S ............. tit _","":,,,,... ..... ... ,., .. .,J.t.,., t" .:..'..:.ii...:>I.-i. ,1l .) _..,.,..'...Eri'";:, ,;;'{ ;" ', ..k"_,.". ,':.,J.-'.... '''."


AUGUST'15,1887.; ] THE ,FLORIDA. :DISPATCH 683PPOSidSlit ;

_________m .

Perhaps no country in the worldcan many, and often acrimonious, recrim- the first rank among our citizens anda
Borckmans') Adllr6ss., lay claim to a larger number of inations, jealousies and dissatisfactionwhich similar place in the councils of this
periodicals devoted to horticulture, fall to the lot of many societies commonwealth? But if you allow

and there is therefore no scarcity of where the exhibitors bring their products your sons, and especially your daughters -
PROPER SPHERE;: OP A STATE choice or means of enlightening every solely with the expectation of to be allured from the farm by the

HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. one. Still, with all the opportunitiesof the gain of a small pecuniary reward. glitter of a city life, are you not some-
acquiring information from relia- You exhibit the results of your skillin times,a little to blame for this? Have

Importance of Local AssociationsHow -- ble sources, the number of dupes horticulture, not only with the you provided your home with sufficient -
to Keep the :Boys on the made by itinerant and unreliable proud satisfaction of being justly num- attractions to make the life of
diminish. bered the in this the boy or girl have its full
Farm--Agricultural J persons does not appear to among adepts pur- country
Schools, Etc. Let me, therefore, respectfully chargeyou ,suit, but because by so doing you may measure of joy and contentment in-
-, .- to so shape your discussions that teach others; and by thus discriminating stead of all work and no play ? Have

Ladies and* Gentlemen, and; Members the result may safely be published the best methods of cultivationthe you shown them by your example thata
of the' Georgia State Horticultural without fear of contradiction.DUTIES quality and quantity of our pro- better interest can be derived from
'Society OF OFFICERS. ducts are increased.The capital invested in a judiciously man-
: wisdom of this rule is so appar- aged farm, than from a similar amount
When the founders of this Society Section 3 of the By-Laws of the
ent, and forms one of the greatest ele put in bank or manufacturing stock,
defines the duties of the vice-
deemed it proper to require an annual Society ments of strength of your society, and that no home and pursuit is more
and I respectfully call the
address from the presiding officer,they presidents attention of, those officers to that i that I must caution you to retain it peaceful, more free from mental cares
paragraph unmodified all and conducive to health and morality
fortunately 'did not specify the space which reads as follows: by means.
:than that of a progressive farmer and
it should occupy, or the length of time shall by correspondence and INCREASE IN CITY AND RURAL POPU- fruit ?

needed for its delivery. Availing my- persona intercourse with the fruit LATION, AND ITS INFLUENCE UPON If grower all these possibilities have been

self of the latitude thus allowed, 1 growers and horticulturists of the various HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS. practically demonstrated to them and

will beg your indulgence for the short counties of-their various districts', Political economists look with well they then elect a city life instead,

period I must devote in bringing to endeavor to organize local societies founded concern upon the rapid and your duty has been fulfilled in endeavoring -
etc.At unequal growth of our cities as com- to stem the current which
your attenti p a few subjects intimate the second annual meeting in
pared with the gradual increase of the drains the best resources from our future -
t ly connected with the work of this 1877 a number of local societies were rural l population.In agricultural progress and wealth.I .
in several
t(" association. reported as organized sections 1700 one thirtieth of the popula- would rejoice to see even larger
of the State, but with few ex
i :;# It is with sincere pleasure that I ceptions the annual reports fail to tion of the United States lived in attendance at our discussions of the
cities in 1880 one-fourth. men and women, who
truthfully say, that the magnitude of show that additional societies nearly young young
any From 1790 to 1880 the whole popula- ere long must take our places as wellas
the present assemblage is far beyond have come into existence, or that
tion increased twelve-fold, the city shoulder our responsibilities as
what had looked forward to whena those then existing are still kept alive.It .
we : population eighty-six-fold. From heads of families, that they might.become
is the labors of local societies
small ,body of your most public- through small in 1830 to 1880 the whole population acquainted with the principlesof
however membership
; A increased little l less than four-fold horticulture as practically demon-
spirited citizens met in' Macon in 1876 horticultural best a r
for'the purpose of organizing: a horticultural that be promoted, and I progress trust that can at our the city population thirteen-fold. strated by the fruits and flowers
Considering the numerical proportionof which are displayed before them, and
society. next meeting we may record the learn lessons which would in-
the population of the last half cen- thus
That small; :phalanx has increased,to names of many such organizations. tury as compared with that of the crease their knowledge and encourage

a legion, and in common with those PREMIUMS AT EXHIBITIONS. period immediately preceding it, we i whatever latent fondness they might -

who J conceived the necessity of this When the new constitution and by- cannot help) regarding ,this increase as entertain for rural pursuits and in
laws in 1882 under'which This increaseis future bring to them additional pleas-
society,and'whose presence here todayis :: were adopted phenomenal. unequal ,
this society ,is now regulated- full of significance, 'and should not'be ures, comforts and revenue.
evidence of the of
an i the following clause was inserted, viz: lost sight of by our rural, population This subject relating to the rapid
their zeal in promoting its success, I "No medal, diploma or money shall because they must eventually and disproportionate increase of the

greet::you, one and all, and congratulate be awarded by this society as a testi- bear the burden of the evils which population of our cities is intimately
'you upon this opportunity which monial of excellence for any fruit, sooner or later must result from the connected with the increase in our
brings' us together again. plant, flower or vegetable offered for unruly elements found in large cities horticultural products and the utiliza-
L exhibition. The :verdict of the special unless they are prepared to resist tion of surplus fruit. This latter
This has attained such j
; society now committees shall be the highest com- them.It topic has been brought to your noticeat
numerical strength that it becomesmore mendation of this society." is true that the rapid increase in many of our past sessions, and although

than ever the 'duty ot every The policy of this clause was ques- the population of our cities is not due I not satisfactorily solved, the
member to fully understand unity: tioned by several of the leading horti- so much to the drafts made upon our problem seems, however, less intricate
of action must govern its work and cultural publications of the North rural sections as to foreign immigration than formerly.The .
this cannot be expected except from and East, and they watched the re- 'but it is with sincere regret that majority of the inhabitants of
free and disinterested discussions. sults with considerable attention, as we see the best elements of the younger our large cities do not purchase the
One of the aims of this organizationis they ,prophesied that our exhibitions generation of our agricultural classes higher grades of Southern fruits, butit
to disseminate true knowledge of would fall off in material, and that filling a large quota in this increase.So is a feature of the New York, and
the objects within its scope; but its the interest in them would decrease soon as one of our young men goes probably the same in the Philadelphia l-
special mission is to expose all fraudulent from the fact that competition was through a collegiate course, he seemsto and Boston markets, that the
schemes and untenable theories, not encouraged .by;, some tangible tes be lost to agricultural pursuits, he bulk of the fruit shipped there by

and to rebuke.. .unworthy. aims which timonial.' The increasing material as aspires c no longer a to follow the life-- of- .Southern a growers is first sold to the
V may tend to injure horticultural'I. 'I progress placed annually upon our-tables shows his previous years, but leaves the :street fruit venders, whose customers
and lead astray beginners who that'the :men and women composing parental farm for a mercantile or pro- I do not all belong to the upper classes

look upon this society as,a safe guide, membership ,of the Georgia State fessional career, oftener to meet disas I by any means, but who with their
and upon whose teachings they faithfully Horticultural Society have a far ter and hardships than an assured anl penny and nickel purchases, form the
stake their money and, labor at greater ambition. in view when freely comfortable livelihood had he remained largest portion of consumers. With
the inception of their venture in fruit and,lavishly offering the best productsof loyal to, the pursuits of his the increasing demand for fruits by
growing.Many.' their orchards and gardens for, exhibition fathers ; and this, with less exertions the middle classes of our cities, the
,of) you come here to-day with than the mere gratification of ,than are required from the average aid of the many drying or. evaporating -
the anticipation of gathering such winning a silver cup or a small money city avocations. I entertain a pro- machines and canning establish
knowledge as can best be obtained i. premium. To their credit be it said found respect for the honest merchantor ments, there should be but slight apprehension -
from the experience of our successful that their aim ,is far nobler and higher, professional man, without whi h no for an over-production of
horticulturists Should you leave this and that they thoroughly understandthat well regulated community could be really good fruit. An inferior arti-

reunion imbued with false'theories as the society is not organized for I possible, yet does not the modest tiller cle may always be classed as an over- .
gleaned from its discussions, and sub- the personal benefit of any private i of the soil whose labors make such production, if intended for market

sequently fail in an enterprise new to individual or interest, but for: the professions possible,merit even a larger purposes. Scan the market reportsfor
you, and from which, you anticipated promoting of the oest products of the share of our consideration ? If the the past six or eight year, and
pecuniary as well as pleasurable re- earth, the'advancementor our agricul, producer of the sustaining elements of notwithstanding that! the supply has
sults, you \would justly charge this tural education and the elevation of life is the pivot upon which all other increased rapidly, the demand: has
society with the' disasters resulting its social and moral standing.You professions turn and the source from kept pace and prices, do n', I
from following its teachings and the have by acting up to this which the welfare"' and power of a vary materially from those, of eight
accusation would be well founded. clause of your by-laws, avoided,the nation depends, is he not entitled years ago. ,





I:' 6aa} o .--'---' PHEf. .FLORIDA JHSPATCS; ., ...- [[AUGUST. 15 1887'

_. -_._--
I: FLORICULTURE. and who Jgnore that what benefits Agriculturists, called to devise meansto Georgia, who have recognized the,ilD:- ?

But there k is one class,of horticultural the whole'.State benefits every one of ,remedy the causes now depressingtheir portance of ,our !'bociety. ,and its influence -"

products which has in -.the' its citizens. pursuits. The great::want.under upon the i increasing production -,
t kept with: OF BOOMS. which, this country Buffer is ,an absence and material progress of the State,
lead in this increase, as compared A PERIOD
of the means of giving an agri. and have enabled to arrive at t'our r
the increase of the population, and It is said of the present period that
cultural training to our boys in our present numerical strength and use-
that,,is the floral products now so cone i it is one of booms. We are safe in ;
I schools. Special ,studies should be fulness. To the liberality of the rail-
spicupusly abundant in' all our cities.Atfew saying that at no time in the world's'history' ,
added, to their present curriculum, or roads-'and the Southern Express Com:=;
the total amount of 'has there been witnessed such
years ago
substituted for few which be are we today' indebted for this
of* a can pany ,
money; spent in the : Georgiafor progress in developing its industrialand
with without detriment toa the largest assemblage fruitgrowers -
:(floral ,decorations would ,not have I mineral resources and engineering i dispensed ; ,
supported.,one modest,tradesman. Today i feats,'which bring all sections of: judicious course of instruction. This horticulturists and cultured women -
would the for the time that has: ever met in this State
I prepare boys ;
there*'i is ,scarcely, one of our towns the globe nearer together. This boom
but numbers a professional florist J have reached all when the, doors of a, thoroughly under similar auspices. May I not,
may not as yet our i State college of agriculture voice the sentiments of the Georgia
among .its inhabitants,. while New 1 agricultural classes, but there is no equipped
: would] be for ,them. Another State Horticultural Society in, aCknowledging -
their open ,
York and Boston draw some"jof reason why it should not soon appear
imperative need is the establishmentby to these, corporations, our
products: from farroff Florida. The if we lend our efforts to the' common-
the'State df one or more indebtedness for their and express
inereasedfacilitieQ,afforded our people wealth ;,
; by creating or producing
the hope that their reward will'be
by the .rapidA.ransit: schedules of ourrailroads '' something that will go to make up EXPERIMENT FARMS AND STATIONS.
,. have opened a new field, of ;.i the total out of which booms,'are This' Society has co-operated with''the amount assured of by material a' rapidly for transportation increasing-, -
production, .and Georgia-raised cut ; State,Agricultural Society in 'most
I made.When which; will result from the work of this
flowers are being sent 'successfully to every pursuit is advancingin earnest endeavors to have such, insti- session.

supply the demand of Northern mar, progress and production, our own tutions perfected, but'so' far we are no NECROLOGY.I .
kets. > should keep pace with that of all others nearer seeing our plan succeed than we feel profoundly grateful that I am

KIM PUBLIC PARKS. as, in the end, everything depends were years ago when the first -official' spared' the painful duty to record the
There is still .another: feature of upon progressive agriculture and petition was made to our Legislature.If loss of any of our active members since.

urban growth upon which horticulture fruit-growing. the present general assembly fails to' the last session of this society, but the
has :a. marked influence and which AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION.It .' make suitable appropriations for at greatest American pomolofpst.and the
municipal authorities of rapidly grow is an unrefutable fact' that. least one farm and station, let us not first honorary member, which headed 9
ing cities are happily becoming impressed : give the fight, but endeavor to reach
"None of the results: of legislation are up our list when our organization came
with, and this consists,Jn the success in future. So long as these
more lasting in,, moral good than into existence, is no more. Marshall
beneficial results which tastefully laid those which tend to deepen in the opportunities for educating 'our agriculturists Pinckney Wilder, whose name is.,familiar -
out,public parks, have upon the health public mind the pride of nationalityas are delayed, eo long may the to every fruit-grower and hor-,
and moral improvement of the people. well as locality.", country look for a depressed conditionof ticulturist of this as well as foreign

Where an, opportunity is afforded the The tendency of the highest educational its agriculture.As countries, died at Dorchester, Boston,
laboring man and woman of spendinga institutions of Our State, is towards said before, a nation may point Mass., on December, 16th, 1886,* at .
few hours occasionally ,among trees with pride to its pre-eminence in arts,
the teaching of sciences more the ''age of 88 years. His life, :was
and flowers, there arises in them 'a' sen intimately connected with the liberal sciences, manufactures or' mineral truly a noble one. As a merchant

sation of pleasure and rest which the professions rather than those relatingto wealth, but each section thereof takesa he 'was a model of integrity ; as a
arduous and confining nature of their the pursuit! of agriculture. Our local pride in the success of the statesman his record stands as his own

labor demands, and which is unfortunately body politic could not, it is true, long products peculiar to itself: each of monument, but as a skilled pomolo-
not accessible' to the average exist without lawyers, clergymen, which go towards making the national gist the world best knows him. Born
city workman, and: the want of :which wealth and If we study the
medical practitioners, bankers, civil power. on a. farm, he never forsook the love
creates a feeling of unrest, and a tendency causes which in certain countries have
engineers or men skilled in the various for rural pursuits, to which his long life
for'a recreation, often disturb pursuits of manufacturing, but if brought these products to such magni,was devoted. The great aim of his
ing and detrimental to the community.The these arts and sciences have their use tude and perfection, we find that every heart was to elevate humanity through'
.larger cities are making strenuous as well as their reward, the greatestart effort has been made by'their 'govern the cultivation of fruits and flowers,
efforts l-o provide means for pleasurable ) -; after all is that of living, and the ments for their encouragement, either as the best and most refined educational -?
recreation to that class of their utmost science that of living happily.All by establishing special schools bearing agents,within our reach. From
inhabitants which. unable to proyide the'aid given by o State towards directly upon these products, or by the his continued efforts much of the present
this for themselves; our younger cities, public 'education is 'applied to the advancement offer of liberal State aid to individualor high standard of the horticultureof
should provide in time accessible and : of the arts and sciences' district organizations where such Massachusetts and especially of the
sufficient tracts of land for the ]laying, whose pursuits is continually drawing aid is likely to promote the public interest progress are.due. Realizing that froma
outof! public parks: before the scarcityor from the material which should 'remain and at the same time add to the systematic agricultural education

the. high price 'of suitable lands l upon the farm. If our agricultural ,- nation's power: and thorough knowledge of fruit culture '
make} indispensable adjuncts to Some of the Western and Northern
colleges, as now existing and conducted a country could best secure
well-regulated municipalities ,be are' a. mer6 parody of their States whose climates are more uncongenial wealth and influence, the earnest
impossible No better help can be than ours, and whose opportunities -
names, does this not result somewhat work of his long life was unceasingly
extended, to the,temperance cause, than from our agriculturists themselves in for: producing the great varietyof given to the promoting of these objects,
abundant provision for popular recreation i not uniting their efforts to sustain staple agricultural products whichwe and,through his efforts were established .
amId''', surroundings where art '' them in the State councils by provid- have within our commonwealth ,are or enlarged many'' of the agricultural !
combined with nature tends to,give appropriation, as well as much inferior, are nevertheless{ more t educational institutions of real and exalted pleasure. persona support. Our State univer- progressive, and the financial condition State. To him American pomology'was

POLITICS AND HORTICULTURE. sity has lately been, the subject of considerable o f their rural population is more sub the luster whose radiance is reflected -
criticism which be stantial. The causes are in the main landthesource
While thuj rfjciety eschews political may justin throughout our
subjects from its discussions or princi- some respects,but not so as a whole. that State aid has been given by pro from which untold wealth has*

ples, so far as advancing'personal in- ,Give the State university the wholeof viding a free and scientific' agricultural -, flowed As the first and lifelong pres., .
the which is education for their young men,and ident of the American ,
terests, still we do not lose sight of appropriation now j Pomological
the fact that in all governments existing divided'with its several branch colleges -' by liberal appropriations to'their State Society his name will always be'associated 1t

by the people, every interestnot the consequence being that agricultural and horticultural societiesfor with all that is good, elevating!
,represented must, and always will, neither receives a sufficient amount to the encouragement of the.special' and noble in the pursuit we follow.
suffer. We therefore, as the rep become efficient, and the causes for I products of their States. His ,many letters commendatory
will be removed -' An immediate removal of the'present work of bear witnessof
resentatives of a producing interest, complaint now existing the our society
and done to that agricultural depression not this and his solicitudefor
which is recognized among the factorsof justice institution j appreciation
the State's progress, deem it our which the farmers and fruit: 1 likely to happen, ,but we may hasten its progress. .;.
that of the State should to. this'result by bringing about such, a As obitu.
ourselves help
duty to so organize we growers "// years press on, our own
raise, the which change in the popular idea.of education aries will be recorded "
can protect this industry by uniting to high position iti i one by one, by'
deserves. and in the stereotyped course of friends and associates..
.our efforts in securing enactmentof our surviving
'about the Had the of i instruction of our public schools, swill find in work much'to
such laws as will bring' men a generation now May they our "
desired ends. We are not politicians, in the sere and yellow leaf, been enabled induce the larger portion of our commend, ,and little to criticise 1 but

but should not be afraid to let our when young to receive a proper train : younger generation, to remain farmers; may we 'have so performed our>taab
voice be heard in resisting the selection ing from State agricultural schools, 1 and not to become professional men. that there shall remain' some evidence.{'

of men, who, in becoming candidates such as other States had equipped, 1 RAILROADS AND EXPRESS. COMPANIES." of.having added our mite to the wel-, Ffare
for the Legislature,are animated there would not have been any necessity I am happy to bring;to your attention and happiness of others, and}we' '!

with personal sectional preferences".' ,,. for an Inter-State: Convention.* .;', l .,. the, liberality; of.,the,:.railroada.of; shall not have lived in vain. ".'i*'*** .





r S .

r .

. 1 .' .' .> ., ', .,, ,.' .. .-.. .
'''' 'f "' --
1 AU.G" .Ii ti:188: 7. J.- I 4".."" '" -., ..' ,-? -- -THE-rLORIDK: } :DISPATCH:: ..

"rt/ ;, "r '
; ::JTHE; QEQIUHA, HOBTIOULspoikr .- ., feature of.the society's work is the ex does well in Marshallville ; ordered sions:.ha rotted, with me. badly, also

TURQ .,,', ; 'Y," ; hibitjon' of horticultural products, double starred. has worms; Mr. Waring insists. on two
fruife: flowers and vegetables, whichare Carter's Blue-Was reported a failure stars for mountains; ordered.
Condensed Account of Its I Twelfth 'with its in. mountains G. H: Columbia
,held in connection an by, Waring. -G. H. Waring wants
t b
Seeaiori-GbingThrough; !i i.t nual meetings. These exhibits afford Homony-Ordered double. starred two stars for mountains; ordered.:
1$ "
fEe 'Catalogue-Interesting members' or',the society an opportunity for mountain region. Fruitland-G. H. Waring wants
Djscusslqns,. Eto. to;familiarize ,themselves with the Jewett's Best -Geo. H. Waring saidit two stars for mountains; ordered.:
This'society held(its twelfth, annual different varieties grounder dissimilar ) deserves one star for mountain region Halo's Early-G. H. Waring: rots

convention, at Dalton l Georgia,.on the, .conditions, give emphasis to ,no apple does. better. ; ordered badly, wants one star off for'mountain;
r 4th and.5th ,inst. One hundred ,and. the discussions of the society, &t1.dJor'cib1y ; : starred. ordered; Mr. Thompson wants one star
; impress, the information thus Never Fails-Geo. H. Waring: : a from middle region; ordered. '
twenty-five delegates were present, obtained upon the and aid and late what
mind, materially good; keeper. Honey-ThePresidentinquited:
eluding ten from! Florida;'the ]largest .educating' ; ( the people in the Horn-Mr. Anthony: all that can would be done in regard to classifying

attendance" 'present at any meeting;of art of l Horticulture, It is a peculiarity; ,be desired in sandy ,soil near Macon. ,North Florida;Mr.Manville suggestedit
the.,s clet]:. and it ,woald.baye: \ ,been, of these exhibits; that no premiums,' i Oconee Greening Dr.H"H. Cary :, be,classed with Georgia coast;Mr.
much larger had it not i,been: ;for'the ,medals "or diplomas are awarded, the does not do well for me. Mott: think Florida ought'to have no
verdict of the committees Dr.H. H. voice in to what is suited
special} being I Shockley- Cary : some more regard
of : ;)

interruption transportation, sev the 'highest,commendation of,the'soci years( fcgo, 'while not a good apple; was for' Georgia than the latter has to say
eral1'lI"wasno\lts'l\ on: the Georgia railroad ety.' The lwisdom' and practical success he; best kind of keeper, afterwards what is suited for Florida; Dr.. Hape
Several delegates from'this State of this policy,is already set,forth seemed especially liable) to attack 'by suggested that a separate discussion be

were delayed for' this reason* and.somea in Mr. Berckmans' address on :another fungus and fruit dropped.:and. foilage entered into in regard to Florida fruit;
even ieter.red! / < from' 'going.pThe7m
; called der Dalton was very creditable, and beautifully and he tenders ,an ample later on.
I el4ng.was = on
: we regret that..in order to make room apology to the Shockley Indian Blood, Cling-G.H:Waring
the above named
at- two
I : ; dayjirst : : for ,those portions of the proceedings Webb's Winter-Dr. Hope,: all wants twb'stars for mountains;ordered.
o'clock p. m. Tne'Rev.'J. B.Robins: ;' which,are of more gemral interest, we specimens I have seen were fine and LaGrange--President: 'who cultivates =
Dalton offered the opening prayer must omit the reports of the special good keepers. it any longer; Mr. Rumph cultivate .
and: Colonel T. R.. Jones of'the\ same committees on new fruits; on peaches; Mitchell's Cider-Mr. Sanford : it it and want it retained.
place: delivered an address" of, welcome, on apples,. pears and miscellaneous holds its own in the. coast region. Late Rareripe-Mr. Rumph: I have
ht ''b b'alf rof> the city to which ,Dr. fruits; on 'grapesand: on vegetables. Jones Pres. Berckmans: don't ,not found !it profitable, do' not think it
Samuel l Hape, of ,Atlanta, responded. t Pi J. Berckmans, ',of'Augusta, and think it worth: catalogueing, ripens in i worth retaining, we have many good
in' his usual felicitous manner.. T., L. Kinsey, of Savannah, were June and' is undesirable ; struck from peaches besides ripen at that'season.
President'Berckmans:delivered unanimously re-elected as presidentand the list., Mountain Rose-G. H. Warm :
his annual address_ published\: else secretary for the ensuing year.''I, Several inquiries were made regard- blooms too early, utter failure,haven t
wherein: this issue[ > Vacancies were then filled 'in the I ing Fameuse ; no one seemed to know borne for ten years, moved to strike
: Mr. H* ,M. Sessions, 'of'', .Atlanta' board of vice-presidents, one vice,! much of it; Pres.. Berckmans said, we for mountains, ordered.
read'tin interesting easayon. ; : "Grasses,: ident being ,chosen, under the constitutional have never succeeded, with it, as, it Peen-to-Dr. Cary: would like to
and Their Relation Horticulture.)?' '(from 'each congressional ;dis. drops in August ; Mr.' Mqtt, of Orlando know how far down the peninsula of
This :paper l,[is ''now'.being revised i,by said the Fameuse, grows successfully Florida it is successfully cultivated,
th'e author''and' will be, 'published 'in :trict.Delegates were chosen to represent i in Michigan, it is a large has not done well for me near Lake
the FLORIDA DISPATCH with illustration the society"in' the next year's;((1888) white apple. Worth in Okeechobee region, blooms
,;al, an. early day;: ,The appoiht- ,'session of,the' State Agricultural So* Mr. Cliett-stated ,that his Mangamswere about Christmas, almost evergreen;
', ment'of"committees and other'routine ciety." Thomasville was selected 'as thirteen years old and. had ,never Mr. Manville: have an orchard in
", work Occupied the remainder. 'of the' thei place,for:the-next annual meeting. borne a crop. Polk county, does well; Mr. Mott:
firefda i iD f Appropriate)resolutions(were adopted -' Mr. Mott fruited Yellow Transparent have inquired in counties as far south
*.''Samuel .Rape, of Atlanta: ,*opened 'concerning the death of,Marshall!P. 'in' Arkansas, thinks.it will do as Orlando, do well but for premature
; -'thd secdad'dayftf proceedings''by Ian Wilderthe eminent pomologist late well in Georgia,and Florida l ,'wants, it blooming, evidently tropical in char-
admirable. essay ton "Seedling and*' of the American Pomological on the list for trial f Mr: : Berckmans : acter, buds abortive owing to l leaves
Budded''Peaches.? Btrange'as',it may, President: ,copies of the same 'w reordered it comes highly ''recommended and coining cotemporaneously with blossom -
seem, there are a few'fruit growers in ''forwarded to Mrs. Wilder, might do well, but if like thei'WhitA have seen them blossom in November
Georgia wh6v cling' to thei'tieftlfibepeach widow of the deceased* Transparent is a'slow grower though stop awhile' and blossom
'jas sdine,of our "old fog .eS"'stifl,, The following/delegates were electedto prolific bearer; added to the list 'as again at Christmas and is' over by
cling: to Hhe'i]seedling 'orange 'The attend the next biennial session of promising well and for'trial.Mn January, there is a peach, the Bid-
paper elicited''alongandt 1! 'interesting' the American Pomological Society,at : Waring wants Tetofsky,a dwarf well, a seedling of the Peen-to, which
discUeaion',-'participated in by some1'ofthejFidrida Boston bn ,the 14th, 15th. and 16th, of Russian, reinstated on th "' list, most promises better than the"parent, is a
\( delegat ;'sand 'bringing" September next: P. J. Berck mars, delicious in mountain regions ;; :Mr. round peach, Peen-to bears irregularly -
out*many}points 6f.great Importancetb'pach "! Geo. H. Waring, Dr. Sam. fHape, A. Mott said'it grew too slowly' in Arkansas ,- but the habit of blooming out
1 I grdwing in' 'this Stateall-of; H. Manville, H H. Sessions, Dr. H. ;; Mr. Waring: I value it because of season seems lost in Bidwell to a
I 7 wbichtJw ',jsh U put lisli in 'an,'early:! H.. H. Cary.. -r -. ,it is a: dwarf;' ordered one star. certain extent, showing a tendency to
issiie xlli' corinectioii"with Dr;ll s ;i' I' *;'f! '
\J > HaJ p'e for mountains.Mr. wait till the natural spring before
pkp&r,:whicVhe retained: for'revisiorf. Bachman: does any one know blooming; Dr. Cary: the frost doesn't
'Thff reports from the' eighteen Con catalogue'.<:was thentaken: up.. about Goss, have fruited it well in hurt near Lake Worth, it is prema
.,t gressidWal districts')oif the' :Stait64vere'' ,They catalogue iof 'the,, Georgia 'Horticultural Whitfield it is generally known as ture blooming that does it; Mr. Mott:
the&Jt akefl i il p.;:[ These'dist r eptfrts1' Scietytisadn( .)del in its way, Goss' 'Seedling ; -Pres. Berckmans: : sometimes:soil is not suited to peach
are one of the most important features* accepted -throughout the country as !.the word seedling is superfluous, to growth and it may be the characterof
i The cbnditidn f frjtir- authority on the fruits of Georgia::. It
,- simplify our nomenclature it was the soil that (affects the; bearing
poses'ahd x feoiiclusidnS'' regarding, ''the5several' cornprisea'a list of the( varieties that \
dropped 'some years qualities, our shipments are not alto
'each\ ; Varieties as grown in PEACHES. gether satisfactory we fell ,into, the
are'lt, ported 'Iby'a cdmmitteefrom: venient,',tabular form indicating their Alexander-G. H.Vdring ,wants hands of the Phiilistines, but think

said'district!" These reports stet' pro- character,and relative adaptability to the two stars' for, mountains, has not rotted that peaches, some varieties, can ,be
served,rind constitute' 'an--epitome of several sections. with me; Mr:'Husted:. rotted fur' three successfully' raised in Florida; Mr
x t 6f fruit i iiveacn1 It is gone.over'every year and corrected '
tbe'tetdr growing ; years; Mr.: 'Valman' 'wants one'stricken stair Manville: we are indebted to Georgiafor
district'and. '. form'a?valuable-I adjunct) -and revised, in the light of the from middle region; inSp: uldi Peen-to and Honey, after that we
arid'} fejrtb the catalogue and eiplkna: : : most advanced experiments.. In orderto i ing many Alexanders 'were being destroyed have no later peaches, that are very
tion of its annual}ieVisiOD.We dniitrtheyat8 give our"readers an adequate idea Mr. have known of ,
,; Rumph: as good an early) satisfactory, one crop
tliee'1re 'rtsiiss : largely! local of the >completeness.'and comprehen- peach as ,we can get; ,Mr:' Williams: of Peen-to marketed at $2.00fnetper
ih'their our is limited siveness; of this work for this State,
Dearing l1du, space think it is as good as any peach ripen bushel.
.well .lav before.them the rich
1 ; as :as to time
ing at same no good peach abe APBJCOTS.s
The"Committee1' on: Synonyms were I fund! of information brought out in raised that early, pit cannot ripen; Mr. Hape Has the Apricot ever
i instructed>to drop all'synonyms likely, this annual revision, we give the dis- it ought to be retained, did well with been cultivated in Floriiipt tsuccessfufly < -
to1 I Jbe'' far' cussionjon! the catalogue entire : .
cs! *
"confusing: Jas me this year; Mr. Brown:1 endo*se alf ? .
possible one name only. -eelected'.fdr' :1 APPLES. Mr..Humph said; Mr:' Husled l: threeor Mr.: Mott That's what] I want to
.'permanent use.LJi- '1 : > Ben Davis-Geo. H. Waring said four acres are being 'destroyed, near know' ,'too, I'm, a .1 little at' sea ':myself?
+.fi;k*, !1>< \''TIE EXHIBITION.*..\*:' : it>was* excellent' ';i in'**' mountain' v ''region.wantFdoubre Griffin; Record .stands': ;;. "Drr: Cary: t have seen an apricot in two/ ;placed

i Another*interesting;'and0important ) star1-'; -Mrf 'Belijli *say& entire 'crop''rotted-Llasr..lye rrMr. set budded Joiiua l "wifd'- (plum '. that ; has
I :' ,
I <',

K. r


'L ':
----- -- 15 1887.
686, -- THE. ., FLORIDA, DISPATCH.. < [AUGUST co -

___ -- -. _- o "" -
fruited two seasons, am inclined to nomenal! ; know of seven and eight ease. The seed is extremely difficultto but later and hence desirable ;. Mr.
think an apricot can be found' to do year trees producing one bushel each, obtain, as no canneries exist ,in Sanford : I move it be cataloguedras
well for Florida. l quality good, large and fine and sell Japan, and the seed has to be obtained promising well ; ordered.
Mr. Brokaw-r:-In Ocala there is a readily. I think they will do well. in small, quantities }here and there. :. Mr. Husted : I have one tree ;-\of-\ '
tree bearing fine fruit, seems, to be :Dr. Hope-The> native chestnut is There are five or six varieties of plums Marianna bearing, as good as.Wild
* doing well. 0 :. rapidly dying out, not blight but apparently here, natives, which are'worth exportlug Goose, probably an improvement, of
\\t 'PECANS. > a gradual decay, taking three and of which we will send 'you better appearance, more highly colored
:\ ,Mr. Rumphve: ;)lever, fruited 0 years to, kill the tree sometimes, the correct sketches and descriptions.About ; ordered catalogued for trial.
I k them, but have..fine growing trees, ,in extremities dying out. Japanese persininions, allow The President; I caution all against .
(, Houston. Mr. Deckner-It is a borer attacking me to state, that a variety of names' investing in Japan plums of apricot
t t': :Mr. Kelly Have fine trees in,Macon -. i the root. exist in America, for them, which are section, they don't do well with us
.county J\ The President-Apropos of the Japan not Japanese. Next mail here. ,
Mr. Waring Are doing well inc Chestnut I would like to read a will\ send you sketches of plums whichwe Mr. Thompson: I have fruited.
;. Boston and as high up as,Lookout communication received !some time hope you will print in your jour- Canto Chief a very early, good plum,
r.. Mountain. They did so well, for Dr. sinCe from Washington, enclosing a nal. Yours truly, of Chickasaw type, about as early as
i Jones, of Burke, he had to cut them'! letter from Japan touching this sub- H. H. BERGER & CO. our wild plum, ten days or a week
i down on account of squirrels. j ject: PEARS. earlier'than Wild Goose. ',:'i

. Mr. Bachman-Mr. Boff, of :Calhoun -, U. S. DEP'T ,OF AGRICULTURE"") Beurre d'Anjou-Mr. Sanford : 'one Mr. Berckmans : Botan is distinct) .
: do well with him. DIVISION POMOLOGY V from European, said to have fruited
says they OF of the best,.a good fruiter and a good
,Mr. Williams-This oughtto W 'GTONQ.: C. June 29,1887.P. at the Northjdon't know about it here.,
industry ABH J grower ; moved for two stars for coast; r _*' >
be encouraged. We should have' I J., BERCKMANS, ordered., GRAPES. '
trees along every wayside. '. \ ;Pres. Ga. State Horticultural Society. Kiefer-Mr. Thompson moved tWQ Niagara-Mr. Hape: grows well1
I liThe President-The difficulty has stars for middle region carried.. but rots, quality good; Mr. Baker:
been heretofore that we have given: ? iip With regard to Garber-Mr. Thompson : have six rots badly; Mr. Husted: fruited croWn
the cultivation of pecans to Texas ,and the; Kelsey Japan plum I am sorry to year old trees but have not fruited ; grafts this year, did better than Con:
Louisiana; I know a man in Louisiana: know that your hopes' of a crop were Mr. Berckmans : neither have I, butI cord and of finer quality. "' .'.
who ranks his crop of pecans higher blighted by the frost of last March. know it is not Kiefer though resemb- Worden Mr. Hape: preserves. all
than his cotton, crop, our pecans'are There is no use to say to an old' vet. ling oriental Considerably.TTvVmd good qualities of Concord: and isat,
not as good as Louisiana pecans, which eran like you that there is a good mith'A -Mr.. Thompson litttle larger; ])Ir, Husted: have two
rt f-*y- mr*- -*
bring from $20 to $35 a barrel, but crop coming for the patient. It blights badly-J ; Mr. Sanford : have hundred vines two years'grafts,larger,:
raise them Flofida have just learned. that some one better, more prolific and more desirable
we can profitably, fruited it in Thomas, think it fine,
especially. is playing a sharp game by introduce it little ,but than Concord. -,?.. &j t
every one reports as a sour
ing from Japan certain fruits as new .
Hansell-Have Berckmans-Mr. Hape:
Judge seen pecans A Pres. Berckmans I think
good : we
; '
in Thomas, Lowndes, Brooks and JJerri ; that were sent over there ,by Ell- I decided it was better than LeConte ; have two stars in middle region. ,, ..(.
well in Berrien wanger & Barry. They give new Duchess-Mr. Hape: By bagging
n doing especially Mr.\ Sanford : my trees bear at four,or
said to yield forty bushels at four dollars names and flattering accounts of them.I five years freely, want,two stars for it ,can be saved from rotting, its only
will let the public know as soon as I
bushel in Thomasville failing, its quality best Mr. Berck-
per ; one for my region, but will be content with ;
bearing small nuts, but there is one find out enough. I am getting this one ; one star ordered for middle re mans: sets badly and rots, badly, not
lower down, the "paper shell" that is Division into organized shape now even promising; Mr. Thompson: has
choicer; some men, in South: Georgia and hope to make it useful to the'fruitrgrowers'of gion.Mr.\ ., Waring announced that two too much foreign blood, does not do
have as much as five hundred trees.a the country. 0 apples, the Wallace Howard and the well. .J. I.i i.
piece.Mr.. Very' ,Respectfully} Mrs. Bryan had ,been now well tested Lady Washington-Mr. Husted:,
.Husted Have crown H. E. VANEMAN, does poorly, slowly President:,
attempted and deserved two stars ; the President:. grows ;
grafting pecans on young ,hickories Chief of Division of Pomology. they ,resemble Buncombe somewhatbut has poor" roots, best appearance if does
with far CORRESPONDENCE. ,not rot, fine bunch ordered .'catalogued ,
in Spauloing some success,so are distinct and superior,; Mr. ;
have tried only two years; it is essen- KOBE, Japan, June 1st, 1887. Waring moved both varieties be catalogued suitable for amateur culture.
tial in all Horticultural Art Journal: Diana-Mr. wants better
crown grlfing.k! ep and given one star for moun
crown thoroughly moist, this is best Yours of ,April 23d to hand", accompanied classification for Diana, should};., be
with the journal's tains.Mr. good quality, good bearer and goodshipper
accomplished by surrounding with\ Frederich : we have at Mar-
earth. Your request about, Japan plum} shallville called the Bradford Best, is ; so ordered. ,. t
Mr., Brown-My idea is to raise sketches and descriptions has been it catalogued ; Pres. Berckmans: it is Pocklington-Mr. Hape: a com
seedling trees from the finest Texas received by me. I am at present in catalogued as Kentucky Red Streak, plete failure, first, last and all..,the
nuts, they will bear in seven years.I I the interior of Japan, where, my mail Bradford's Best is its synonym. time; Mr. Sanford: worthless, drops
Mr, Waring-Moved one star for, was sent me. On my return to Yokohama Attention was called to the fact ofa I off when ripe; President: saw it exhibited -
mountain region, ordered; also two I will have correct sketches misprint under head of LeConte I at Rochester a year ago, it.
stars for coast, ordered. painted, of all and any good Native pear, it should be double starred ,in was beautiful but condemned for poor
MADERTA OR ENGLISH WALNUT. plums, and forward them to you. both middle region and coast. character, it is worthless, the older
The greatest confusion exists among the vines the smaller and meaner
The President-There are as many American nurserymen, concerning the PLUMS. looking_and should be discarded. ,
varieties of this nut as' of pecan and of Japan plums. The cause of this is DeCaradenc-.-Mr. Waring wants it Dr., like a new grape ;

as diverse.qualities. simply] *. that about fifteen -years ago struck for mountains, carried ; Mr. of mine (back), the Eden, catalogued J.
Mr. Thompson-Have seen two the Japanese government decided to Sanford wants it struck for middle region I have fruited it three years, it is pro"J"J
kinds myself in Rome. colonize, the island of Yessoformedthe ; the President: I like it, it is lific and ripens later than ,
Judge' Hansell-Is this nut productive 'Kai.ta K hi-or department of earlier than Wild Goose and profitable, nongs; moved to have it put on trial; .i.'
? I have seen many trees of introduce fruits I would like stricken ordered.
agriculture, to foreign only one star in t'. .
late that bore light fruit. grains, etc. Mr. Louis Bohmertheonly middle region ; ordered. Mr. Bucher Crier's 40, Missouri
The President-Augusta trees bear reliable horticulturist: at presentin Harpers-Dr..,Hape moved stricken I Riesling, does well with me, a white'
well, especially the. early bearing; in Japan-was. at that time sent out from list ; ordered. grape, and would like it placed on
California this bears as early as three from New York to take charge of the Kelsy's Japan-Mr. ,,Husted:: have list,as promising well; so ordered.. ; r'', ,
years from seed, but not a full crop branch of horticulture, recommended never fruited it; Maj. Rooks : Mr. The President: would like information .
before seven years or longer; forty b Ellwanger & Barry, Rochester, N. Taber, at St. Mary's, has fruited it as to Wofford's winter' ape; .Mr.
year trees in Carolina bear abundantly and from that firm of the the President I have with -
Y., most successfully ; : this is the Thompson! : failed it but
; the "sawyer" injures our wal-. fruit trees, planted in Tokyo, and on third year I have fruited it, June buds perhaps because I pruned it; the President .
nuts badly, it is our only enemy. the island of Yesso, were obtained.. produced following year, a peculiar : I have seen specimens, I consider -
Dr. Hape-It attacks pecans too. These In course of time bore fruit- plum, different from native or European it an abomination. .>
Dr.'Cary-Also hickory nuts. and have lately within the last fouror it's of best quality, large, some- Tpumph-Pres.Berckmans:,a white
CoL Waring-Wants one star for five years, been exported again as times four ounces, sweet, prolific, showy grape, formerly grand but iof
mountains; ordered. Native plums, apricots ,and peaches enormously so, was hurt by ,frost this late showing tendency to rot; Mr.
JAPAN CHESTNUT. from Japan,by ignorant parties, there- year badly, have seen marks of curcu- Husted: fruited it this year, two year
The President-It is of jrecentin- i by causing the existing confusion and lio on fruit but none lower than skin, crown grafts, fine quality and ".enormous -.
.troduction and is botanically'distinct mistakes. Japanese pears. and peaches it is a rapid grower; .Maj. Rooks r bunches;,it grows most beauti-
from Giant chestnut and does not re ,are not fit,to be eaten in a raw state.. dosn't do so well on peach stocks as on felly- 5 .' '
produce identically from seed;the only The pear makes excellent stock for plum.The. STRAWBERRIES. ,, f c.:
sure way of propagation is by grafting grafting, being extremely vigorousand President : the Robinson is like Galceon..-.. --. Mr. Hape: themost solid

; its yield when< genuine is phe totally free from blight and; ,dis- Wild Goose. same size, quality,flavor, I ,,'ii...,,([cOiWnued- ": on page coo.]_

....:", r ., ,... '.....- << t'To r',-}'. >
'{ :8'> ,'

M ri



f ;
AUGUST 15 1887.! .-. --' THE DISEATCE._ :
__ ... ,t
r. --- -- '
.- _ <..

above all,other varieties, while others H.W.1\annt Manville: ;Lyman Phelps, indorse'the general programme of the
NIlrserYmeE's4zitou! would hot: award it quite' So high a Sanford; Jas. P. DePass, Archer ; A. Sub-Tropical Exposition, to be opened ,
place., L Duncan, Dunedin; L. B. Skinner, at Jacksonville next January, and thatwe ::1
4 A FLORIDA At tbis point :Mr. Jiff.: Hart in Dunedin; A. N. Duncan, Clearwater. ; pledge ourselves, collectively and 1
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY troduced the) Rev. Lyman Whelps,who D. Redmond, Jacksonville. "v" '<:;-: individually, to do all in our power to
TO BE ORGANIZED. was unanimously elected to membership Colonel D. H. Elliott and 'Rev. P. further: the objects of said Exposition
under a suspension of the rules, W Moore were 'elected as honorary Company, and add to it the varietyand ;'1
The Sub-Tropical.Endorsed--Lower and invited to address the association. member&I: interests of its exhibits. <:,
Transportation Classification-- His remarks were listened to with in- Professor fE. Dubois, Tallahassee, Resolved,further, That a committeeof
." Interesting Discussion,.Etc tense interest. He took up some of and A. E. Champliff, Oakland,< were five members of this association be J
the general principles underlying the elected members. The names of ,L. now apppointed to solicit contributionsj:'!
Officllal Report Third Annual Session. science of horticulture, and referred vV. Lipsey, Citra; A. Albright Lees- of trees, plants, etc., from our mem- ;)
(I The Florida Nurserymen's Association especially: to the art of propagationand burg; L J. Brokaw, Anthony, and bers, and others throughout the State, /
met in regular annual'session in to the possibility of originatingmany :Donald T. Houston,. Sanford, were and to properly receive and transfer M1
Palatka on August 9, in the parlor of new and valuable varieties by ;recommended for ,membership and such exhibits to the Exposition. :
the Saratoga hotel. In the absence of the crossing of our citrus fruits. His referred to the regular committee to The following committee was ,,ap ';
the officers Mr. A. J. Beach was elect- elucidation of the mysteries of cross- report at the next meeting. And the pointed in accordance with the foregoing -
erl temporary chairman and Mr. A. fertilization was striking, being entirely I gentlemen were invited to participatein resolutions: D. Redmond,A.H.
H.Manville, secretary The program new to the members of the association the proceedings of this session. Manville, S. H. Hart, G. L.Taber and
. being in the hands ,of the secretary, ,including that eminent J>omolo- The treasurer's report was read and R. W.ReMoner.A .
who had been delayed en route, no gist of national reputation, E. H. accepted. 'committee was appointed to
regular order of business was followed. Hart, of Federal Point, $la., accounting The following preamble and resolutions enumerate the fruits suited to Florida,
I: ,q r The gentlemen present, by invitationof as it did, in a most remarkablemanner offered by A. H. Manville were and ,to catalogue the same upon the
members, were invited to seats in for many of the peculiar adopted; general plan in use by the American
the meeting of association.The natural phenomena in horticultural WHEREAS, This: association is an Pomological and the Georgia Horti-
following preamble and resolu- parlance commonly denominated organization of tradesmen for strictly cultural societies, as follows: E. H.
tions were then adopted! t tWHEREAB sports. He exhibited some fine--specimens business purposes, and Hart Lyman Phelps, G. L. Taber,
Kindred societies of citrus fruits, ,showing the remarkable WHEREAS, This association has Em.I'Dubois, D. Redmond, P. W.
throughout the North and West have results which he has ob- been embarrassed application for Reasoner and T. W. Moore.
petitioned the different transportation tained by proper cultivation on. high membership from fruit growers and The following officers were unani-
companies to place nursery stock un- pine land in this State.! others interested in 'horticulture, but mously elected for the following year:
The members of the association President A. I. Bid weIl.
der other classifications than that were not nurserymen; and ,
i' now in use, and their action hav particularly interested in specimens WHEREAS, Matters have come before First vice-president,W. K. Cessna.
ing been favorably considered therefore of Villa Francha,Belair Premium and this association of general inter- Second vice-President, A. J. Beach.
in harmony with'such efforts, Sicily ever-bearing lemons, which he est to, the fruit growers and gardenersof Third vice-President, J. P. DePass.
and to secure a uniform classification, exhibited, and holds in the highest es this State; and Secretary, G. L. Taber.
belt teem for planting in this State The WHEREAS, It seems important that Treasurer: J. B. Anderson > .
Resolved, That the secretary of this difference between the varieties was, a society be organized in which all Adjourned to meet at 8 a.!: m., the
association correspond with all transportation clearly shown by the structure of the horticulturist, can participate; there following day. ,,, .'
1 companies within the State, skin, relative acidity and seedinessHe fore, be it'Resolved SECOND DAY. ,
and request that, trees and shrubbery, prefers the Belair Premium on account That the Florida Nurserymen's Association J convened at 8 a. m.
1 when 'shipped released, be made fifth of delicacy of texture, better Association, at its next. Vic -President Beach was excused and
class; and also request said transportation acid and comparative seedlessness.He semi-annual l meeting, organize a society )Ir.Hedmond elected temporary cbair-
companies to take such action showed a citron new to the tradein of this character; to be known 'as
tae will bring this subject before the, Florida, grown on trees of his own the Florida Horticultural Society, but man.While awaiting report of committee -
Southern Railroad and S. S. Associa- importation. The fruit is superior to do not merge therein our peculiar organization on catalogue, the subject of time
tion at its next meeting.On the varieties heretofore grown in this as nurserymen. and place of next meeting was taken.
motion of l$!r. DePass, the secretary State, the rind being sweet and ediblein That the Florida Fruit-Growers'Association up.,, It was decided that the next
was instructed to correspond a fresh state and making a most be,invited to join this asso- meeting be held the second Tuesdayin
with the express companies doing business delicious conserve. Mr. Phelps believes ciation in forming such an organiza- April
within the State, with .the view this to be the true citron of A telegraphic message received from
of securing lower rates on nursery commerce. As it was imported with- the Chair appoint 'a committeeof they Mayor\ of Ocala, inviting the association
stock. out name,the sociey requested the priv three to draft a constitution and bylaws to hold its next meeting in that
Upon invitation, Mr. D. Redmond ilege of giving it a name, and at the for the consideration of such city, was accepted.The .
read an essay on the fig and the pomegranate 'suggestion of Mr. Redmond it, was organization.That following committee was appointed >>-
; which will be' published in called the Lyman citron, in honor of its the chair appoint'a committeeof to arrange for reduced rates
the FLORIDA DISPATCH at an early introducer, the Rev. Lyman Phelps.In three to invite prominent horticul-- of transportation to the next meeting:
date.The the absence of a stenographer, turists to join in this organization.That D. H. Elliott, A. H. Manville, A. J.
following committee was apI we are able to give but few of the the chair appoint a committeeof Beach.A .
,pointed; i to name and classify the sev points of this interesting- and instructive three to prepare a program and to general discussion then followed
eral varieties of the fig and pomegranate address. invite competent persons to' prepare regarding the best stock upon whichto
as suggested by .Mr. Redmond in In connection with the matter of essays or addresses for delivery 'at the work the Kelsey plum. Mr. Phelps
his essay: D. Redmond, E. H. Hart cross-fertilization, Mr. Albright stated first session of said society. thought the peach the best stock;
F and W. C. Steele. Then followed a that contrary to the prevailing idea The following committees were then Messrs. Albright and Tisen preferredthe
r general discussion upon the fig and that the date tree is dioeceous he had a appointed in conformity with Mr. native plum ; Messrs. Pelton, Ta-
pomegranate. Col. Elliott eaid that single tree ripen perfect fruit from its IIanvil1e's'resolution: ber, Steele and Manville thought
some years since he put a bushel or first blooming.Adjourned On Constitution--D. Redmond, E. Florida grown peach stocks succeededthe
two of white ,1 figs in quart .strawberry to meet at 7:30. H. Hart, Lyman Phelps.On best.
baskets, packed them in refrigerator EVENING SESSION.: Invitation-A. H. Manville, G. It was unanimously decided? drop
.. and shipped them to New York. They The secretary, having arrived, the L. Taber, W. C. Steele. the name Japan plum as applied to
.' sold at 35 cents per quart, and the regular order of business was taken up. On Proeram: W. K. Cessna, A. L. Kelseys plum, and to the Eriobothrya,
dealer wrote that if he would send The'minutes of the last regular meet Duncan, E. H. Tisen. and that they be called, respectively,
some choice purple figs, they would sell ing were read and approved. The The following prtamble and resolu- by this society, the Kelsey plum and
readily for 50 cents per'quart following members were present and tions were offered by Dr. Redmond and the Loquat.Mr. .
Mr. Redmond said that the Celestewas answered ,their names upon call of adopted: Redmond mentioned a native
the hardiest variety of fig, and the roll : Jas. Mott, Orlando; W. W. WHEREAS, We nave now in this persimmon growing in Georgia, whichwas
also the best for preserving. Therewas Hawkins, Lake George, by H. W. State a company of responsible and seedless and as large as a common
considerable discussion of the new Hawkins,proxy;Aaron Warr, Georgetown worthy gentlemen expressly organizedfor orange. He said there was a great
1 figs "San Pedro"* and "White Adri ; A.J. Beach, Palatka; E. H. the purpose of illustrating] the capacities variation in the native varieties, and
I atic." The first was reported by several Tisen, Lakeland; H. L. Wheatley, of Florida, and putting her thought the better sorts worthy of
I to be dropping all its fruit. The Altamonte; E. H. Hart, Federal Point, claims properly before the public, and more general attention.
White Adriatic was said to be growing G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary; W. C. WHEREAS, We deem it the duty of Mr. Brokaw asked whether' the
vigorously and fruiting freely. Steele, Switzerland ; C. B. Pelton, every citizen of the State to aid heartily "Giant Loquat," so-called, was a distinct -
-'!There was some difference of opinion Lake Helen; A. H. Manville, Jack* all such movements; be it therefore variety or simply the result of
fls fc Its quality. Some placed it sonyille ; 0, R. Thatcher, San Mateo; Resolved, That this association fully [Continued on''Page 690.] :





: .j rXA

688 _.t .... '" h. '. "',-",',-"",:.:...,_,. n,. '. ---=THE J ., > FLORIDA DISPATCH.' [AUGUST 151887k

'" .
-- ----------

< :* i';tfhe +.rUlfs l"i secure more confidence, and this FLORIDA WINES. KELSEY. JAPAN. PLUM -
: would largely increase sales. A'SPECL-n oI ,"; >l
." J Three, six and twelve months buds; 2,000:
Mr. Patterson, Missouri, said that FAIRVIEW NURSERIES two-year old*. Some fruited this year.
Botan.l\Iarlanna..Purple Leaf and Limon
followed like that ,
Catalogues.Nurserymen j already a plan Plum on Florida Seedling Plum; stock; the
Mr.Judd suggested,as he had a nicely- best for all sections' iF1orida. Eureka'Peen;
will confer a favor if blank O. It. THATCHER, To.Honey;best October and pther Peaches on
executed which he filled in, s ty Florida peach stock. Japan Persimmon,
they will send us .copies;of their. cata- ing that the bearer was his agent, and Manager, Grapes,Oranges,solicited.etc._, Price list ready soon.Inspection .

log\es., ,\ authorized to receive orders for him. A. CALLAHAN, 1-, :
He' then went,before, a notary publicand San Mateo, Putnam County, Florida. Prop.Eureka Nursery,Melrose, J ,Clay Co.,Fla.

Tree Agents. swore to the signature. It is good The ,Hoffman Seedling: -Strawberry.This .

:This)\question raised quite a spirited evidence in court and every well-in_ The best varieties of the Orange and Lemon extra early and most prolific berry,
discussion formed man will know its value when and other Citrus Fruits. ':: .
before the last annual meet now grown very extensively around Charles
r .of the As he sees it Mr. Patterson said the great Choice varieties of the Fig,of recent Intro ton and Norfolk for its great shipping_quality
ing National.Nurserymen's trouble was, people did not know that dnction. and its handsome color and size,Is the,best

sociation. he gave these blanks to his agents and The Cattley Guava,both the Red and Yel berry now grown for the Northern market,

lfW.,' :'H. JohnEon, Ivesdale, Ills] ,.,,said what they were like, and consequentlythere low. and has superseded: I am all other now growlng-a varieties'Wh large reveilntroducf"d. -

there is not, so; much fraud done by was no way for him to let people The the Peach soil and and climate Pear of of the Florida.sorts best adaptedto stock.of plant that IS:,now ready for ihe.fall

regular,agents,of firms as by know that he followed this plan. trade.,.,A 1 parties wishing to try ..tbe'w l
nursery Mr. N. H. Albaugh said that tree The Japan Plum,varieties of the Mulberry please apply to me for circulars,'as I will sell. ,
Hart's Caoice Bananas,Grapes,Pecans etc.
people who to large nurseries buy
low rate.
go men were not all swindlers, nor nur- them at a very "
surplus stock and then 'go into the serymen all saints, that the nurserymen *3 Ca alogue free on application.REPZBENCSSCrosby OLIVER..MOORE<i; "
country and sell it under the name of themselves were sometimes to !: &Gowen Han Mateo;
for which there is de- Hon. H. W. Lyle, San Mateo; Vi...,J. Webb, 16 Blake Street,'Charleston rS:C.
any variety blame, especially for sending stock to Palatka. _
mand. The only way to do was for a region) where it would not grow. .. WRITE FO..tC: ,I. ;

nurserymen to refuse to sell their surplus .* ONE MILLION "How to Grow' LeContecRcr; } : I

,stock to every Tom, Dick and For the FLORIDA DISPATCH, Fruit,.J'reeN", GrapeVine Bartlett) and Other Pears

Harry, who will go into the ,country Quince and Apricots. t Plants*. Strawberry JEtc.-' in the ,South." Free. r

and vend it. I am a reader of your paper. Can telling low at

Orange Judd,.,of Frairie ,Fanner, you tell me through the columns of the Willow Descriptive Lake catalogue Nursery. CT.i JENNINGS: Thom,& RvUlc"Ga.CO.,'

speaking a newspaper' man, said DISPATCH where I can get young Hn S price list mailed tree /
quince and trees? I understand on application Address
that he wished nurserymen would apricot SU Ui'i adopt some specified method by which they do well in ,Florida and Marsha'vllle, ,Gfu;, ;f'Eof

the purchaser could test the reliabilityof would like to plant a few for homeuse. Z rn

the ent who tried to sell him JOHN A. SMITH. '. Nurseries of l.akeWeir! Co. o H IN'NiKiBaar ,
trees. He favored the idea of thenur- Plymouth, Fla., August?, 1887.

itself filling all orders the agent See advertisements on this and next 100,000 Orange and Lemon Trees: .
sery '
Our trees are verythrifty,three and four
Grows all kinds of Fruit Trees and Vines
< ,
placing the purchaser in communication pages.-ED. DISPATCH. year eld stock,/to,IVi Inch diameter,with Large stock LeConte and other Pears,Persimmons -
with the the tr4 one year old Nurseries easily accessible Peen-to, etc. Peach Seedlings cheap.
as soon as ;
to Florida Southern' Railroad. Send for Send for . ..
order was taken,the nursery in return Sweet, Seedliiijr Orange Trees* ,Catalogues. Address, Catalogue.W..W.T Ol\fPf-tON, ..
E. FOSTER,Manager
notifying the purchaser that the order I have four hundred for sale cheap. if .1M21.ly South Lake Weir. Fla. Smithville;Ga.'PDffi4PPLE .

had been received, and that it would applied for soon. ,A.;J. BOWEN, :

be filled as agreed by the agent. ,Mr. .Jacksonville. Fla 'GRAPE 'VINESSuited : 'W.

Judd considered this tree agency matter For Sale.
of In the Improved Florida Seedling Strawberry '::,
one great importance. '
\ to the Soil and Climate ofFLORIDA
Plants and Para Grass Cuttings. Prices Red Spanish Jr Key Large, '$1&50(
present methods of. business, the ;producers Reasonable. 'Address .' per 1.000; $115 per 10,000. ,,'...
of trees and plants need travel I, PETER ETCLESHIMEK, Red J Spanish or Key Largo,Small,11.50 per.
lCOO$95per); 1 WOO Q. >Ve rt
ing, agents, and a thoroughly honest, Auburndale, Fla. ,Porto Rico, Blrdseye,Sugar Loaf and Egyp-.
is useful man. .*: tian Queen,$1.25per dozen; $7.50 per 100. ':"
intelligent agent a most GROWN AND FOR SALE ,AT Cavendish {Banana Suckers: ,,not
Trees Summer
Orange for Planting.
Farmers are usually very slow in gow-:: .Eyes,$8 per 100.
Budded trees'of choice varieties, three- >H ft : Carefully packed and' delivered at freight-
ing fruit even for their own use. iAn San Luis ;anaAndaluisaNurseriss' house ,
quarters to one and a half inches in diameter \ free pf charge. '.
agent who goes to them and coaxes,and, two-year-old buds; also sour seed Near TALLAHASSEE, FLA. -References Terms Cash-Wm.with order.A. Bours, Tysen. Smith u T'

persuades the masses to buy and;plant \ lings of all sizes, for sale cheap.A. E.DUJBOIS, Manager.Send & Co.
fruit.trees is a blessing! to the country, I
Jacksonville, FJa. for Catalogue and order early. Bend Indian River Nurserlej.1t.,:. ;
if he does everything on the square. also, for Price List of Melbourne Florida.
But in the observation of a third of a Genuine Federal Point Strawberry "

century, he has heard of more swindling Plants for sale at three dollars per thou- VILLA: : FRAN'CA: 'NURS'ERTES' : :::

sand. Apply to W. A. BOSWORTH, .
of the ,
meanest kind, by tree ,
Federal Point, Florida. '
agents, than by any other class, except t Lemons, Oranges, Peaches, Plums Hart's Choice, Bananas. .!*"h
perhaps, the lightning-rod opera Strawberry Plant for Sale. .1"1'

, tors. Poor trees, or those untrue to The,most profitable variety for Flor L. B. !& C. A. SKINNER, Diuicdiii;'! .!!.
to the locality ida. ,The Numan,$3 thousand. *
name, or unadapted pure per Loucks A Skinner State Agents for WOODASON'S PQWDER BELLOWS AND ATQ-. '
involve years of care, waiting and Carefully packed and slipped on rccept MIZ .RS. Price, ?1, |2 and $4. Send for Circular. Agents. wanted. ,1"
Of price. Address, WM. JAMES, '" ,.1' rt- ;' \ ,.
.hoping, to be rewarded only by fail P. 0. Box 603, Jacksonville. VVVPeento SWITZERLAND: NURSBKiIES. -: :
He wished the
ure. greatly nursery 1
men, would put their heads and wits .Pears Grown from Cuttings. Honey:and,Bldwell's early peach trees. Kelsey, Botan and other plum trees.*. t-..
Vines, Blackberry and Strawberry Plants. f
Grape ''I t. r--
together and devise a plan that will LeConte Kciffer and Sand. Bartlett Law-
the The cattlemen son, Sekel, Smith and Garber on LeConto A Nurery, at 'Y'our''Own' !tDoor.A .
remedy ,Root Strawberries adapted to Florida, Ala made of all kinds of and arrival
specialty. sending trees plants bymialU and safe guar
have each a positive, individual bama and Georgia: Hoffman, Warren, ,Noo- anteed. Pricelists, free to all, will be sent out September.. 1st., Address ,
nan and Noonan Improved. Peaches: cen \Y. C STEBJLE '
trademark registered and advertised. .
and others
.to. Honey. .southern Beauty Switzerland,St.Johns County,.FJa.
Perhaps the might adopt Plums: Kelsey'sJapanMariannaandothers.Pot ; .
nurserymen grown strawberries on special order only. .
,something of the kind. For example\ ,A good supply, of general Nursery ,Stock at .
each have small trade- prices to suit the times by ; SHELL PQNP NURSERIES.:
one might a ,OEO. G.GIBBS, i ,
mark so engraved as to be difficult of \ Tallahassee Nursery,Tallahassee, Fla iSend i ,.
for Catalogue.ORANGE. ;! Hi
imitation. This introduced into come
;Peaches, Pears;:FiffS' ,>Plums, Jfelsey Plum and Other Fruits'
corner of all advertisements, circulars,, TRE'ESJ: .
,etc.,, would become generally i Send for, circular. Circular contains short history of peach culture In, Florida'i)and1htnts
recognized I "" '
and be an advertisement FOR' I Ii as to culture.. JAS. P. DePASS, Archer. ,Fla. .

An agent carrying a certificate bear i >>I '
this trade-mark and the certificate INTERL NURSERIES i':'
ing > Summer Planting. ; CAIN .., '
itself so printed as to be difficult of ..
Eustis Lake Fla.
County. r' ;
imitation, would be identified. Then, I
if the agent is directed to furnish every ,Budded Trees of Choice Varieties Offer for sale a stock of budded orange'trees of,all leading varieties,including the ,AI .
n11VEIRS"IDtE" NA.V.tJI. .
of his order tol>{ Inches diameter two old buds. 1. ',uti'li
purchaser a duplicate : year ,
180 Sour Seedlings all sizes. For sale ch *. Budded entirely from buds received this season from Riverside CaL Bldwell, ,Peen-to; :and'
to be forwarded by him to ,the principal eap Honey Peaches,Kelsey and other Japan Plums. All home grown.r Best native ana foreign .
A. II. MANVILLE, grapes includlng-a large stock'of BlackHambnrg. White Adriatic and other flgs.f Persimmons -
the :.plan. ,.would, probably .. .Jacksonville,'Fla. < ;'etc...;.Price,list free on application., .. Q. H. NORTON,"EustU, Fla.





. '. .t' "!::1 ...;.J, ;, ___-:-.:::-.-_- -:;;--,:- .'r\tt' Trr 'jflyprn :::r: -;*. j"',.

.kt Auousr,, i, 1887.] >? ,,, ... ----THE; FLORIDA '."DISPATCH.--: .- .- ..,- ". 089

C __n __ .'...:. I -


; Cholco'and Improved Varieties of Tropical and Semi-Tropical
seedling of the Peen.t;by A. I. BIdwell, of Orlando, Fla.; In quality best, sprightly,
Plants Bulbs and Flowers.
', '< Fruits* Juicy and sweet; the only variety yet brought forward ripening with the Peen-to,it Is superior
.;Special attention given setting, and tending young groves,budding and pruning old to the latter in size and quality;it is not flat like the Peen-to but is a round peach of
ones planting Lawns and Flower Gardens. All work guaranteed. g JsV\we are also agents standard shape and high color. The original tree,the seed! of which was planted in the winter -
for Hussey's Coulter Harrow and the old reliable brand of Geo. W. Baker's Flesh,Blood and of 1882 is now six inches in diameter and has fruited finely the past three seasons,yielding
Bone Fertilizer. All inquiries'promptly answered. Send for Catalogue. Call on or address, four bushels this season,the first ripening May 7th,to-day.(May 25th)all left on the tree are
UMCAM.BKO>S, Clear Water Harbor. Hillsboro' County, Fla. ready for market. JAS MOTTO Orlando Fla.

M The Lakeland Nursery Company FLORIDA GROWN: PEACH r TREES,

tAre:no win readiness to forward a of their
I copy
.. Kelsey Japan Plums, Olive Trees, Oranges, Figs, Lemons,Pecans,

!S'UJYJUIE'B.: : : PB.ICEJ LIST By. the dozen,hundred or thousand,also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Florida and the Gulf States. Am now booking orders,for Fall delivery season of :, ,
TO ANY ADDRESS FREE ON APPLICATION. 188788. Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application.

J': Communicate with E. H. TISON, :Manager, .:; GLEN ST. MAKY' NURSERIES, :, :1*'

Jane 16,1887. Lakeland.Polk Co.,14'la. I G. L. TAKER, Propr..Glen St.Mary,Fla.
_. .I.I:... .

Gt aLiLe.'Vl1J.: .1'J rS(:>r eS; y.:. : BAY; ': VIEW I NURSERIES.I .


NEW PEACHES"* 1 A SPECIALTY.* 5,000 Superiors, ripens in :May;size above medium, Budded Orange and Lemon Trees
quality beat of all. I 6,000 Thomas late,ripens in September; single specimens have weigheda ,
pound. Bidwell's, Early'Wonder,and five other new varieties,will be found in stock. Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruit Trees Vines and Plants; Trees .strong and well rooted
-10,000 Kelsey'"Japan PlUmB;;20,000 LeConte Pears 20,000 Japan Persimmons, 2 to 10 feet and especially adapted to outh Florida' .-. !****. .
'high and 100.000 Orange trees,pC all good varieties,win be sold CHEAP FOR CASH An inspection invited. All inquiries by.mail promptly answered. Catalogues sent free
Many miss it who buy elsewhere. on application. It. D. HOYT, Bay View.. Hillsborough. Co....F1aI .
I Lemons !! Lemons Genuine Navels "

ORDER NOW, before our stock of Villa Franca Lemons is out. We have just sold 7,600 i I.
of this choicest of all Lemons for Fall delivery, but have some left. Our bearing Lemons "' ..
of all for summer planting. Rare and neWfruits.
j are loaded. We shall ship in July and August and publish results in the"Dispatch." Rare exotic plants descriptions
We have also a be .utitullot of the GENUINE Washington Navels, budded from one of Palms, Acacias, Agaves,Aloes,Cacti and Flowering Plant4.\ A general line of Citrus Trees
the ORIGINAL TREES we received from Washington nine years since. Also most all and Nursery stock suitable for Florida. l/f,
other varieties of Orange,Lemon and,Lime., .,
The Double Imperial Navel and Atwood's Seedless Navel we now offer for the first lime Price of catalogue (of 93 pages!!) 15 cents,postpaid. Mailed free to all customers I. '.:
to the Florida Orange Growers. We shall have for Fall and Winter delivery a few hundredof .RKA80NKR BROS.,}.l
each of these varieties KEDNEY & CAREY, Winter Park Fla. Manatee. Florida.

Have on hand and for sale large stock opine AND ORANGE- : TREES

Budded and Sweet Seedling Orange Trees. Budded from tried' and approved varieties, and on good healthy locks. '""t..

Stocks five and buds one,two and three years old. All the leading named varieties; well ruit Trees suitable to Florida. Address, .' "
grown and well rooted. Budded Peach and Nectarine Trees,Roses,etc. Send for '
descriptive catalogue before giving your orders elsewhere. AARON T7".A.RR. ., orgeto-w-c.: ., Fla

L. W., LIPSEY &: CO., Citrar Marion Co.. Fla. Mavlfl'83, tf "
'I j I I .
'" '
o 9, 'Yalric'o L S. For Sal.. by W. W. Hawkins' & Sons. Three, Orange Groves just coming oJ into
P megra Nurseries Guavas, bearing. 1st. One of 10 acres,containing about 700 trees, most of them bearing; also,'350
aces,Figs, 1 Bananas Peen-to Peach Trees,from which we have gathered this season 25 bushels of fine fruit,which
P Peaches, TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL. Pine-Apples, brought high prices. Next season there should be 100 bushels,at least. "
(:J rapes, .'t'Y i Avocado P'rs, 2d. One of 6 acres,containing about 500 Budded many of them bearing; also,
Pins .' s, -, Acacia about 6 acres of rich Garden' Land;"mostly muck, rfesy] cleared ready for operation;
Catalogue.Free. i r ; would make a fine Truck Farm,espeially for cabbages. .
Oriental 1 1'1 erlum", 3d. A Grove of about 600 fine Budded Orange ; CO Peen-to Peach Trees in
Plums and W. G. TO'USEX, Caladium, bearing,good House for help 40 acres of land, mostly High Oak Hammock. These groves
Persimmons, Poi are all on or In sight of the St.Johns River,and front the road from Georgetown to Fruit-
LIMES, Etc. b'e fnerHi1laborou 9 h 00., Fla. PALMS, Etc. land. Will be sold separately or together. A rare bargain. All the groves have a fine muck
bed. Call on or apply to W.W.HAWKINS & SONS.Lake George, Fla.


.' ,
1 Budded Orange Trees,from one to three years old,for planting during the rainy season. Citrus and Deciduous Trees, Rooted Grape

Orders taken for all varieties of Fruit and Ornamental Trees,to be delivered the coming '
a Fall and Winter Vines and Cuttings. tj.;i.j' ;:

1": .? F. S. CONE, Proprietor, We make a specialty of Grape Vines of all varieties-and Fig Trees. Liberal discount.to
'- nurserymen. inquiries promptly answered. Address
..... .. ...j'i CRESCENT CITY FLA.
.a ;; -.;. C. S. BURGESS, Manager ,1'
", 4. ." .. .,} It
f w # .. "II..1 i.... ..j.7 ... ..J JI; .. .._';'J" t j \ I. Riverside,California.Nurseries .

;' of the Milwaukee Florida Orange Company,
.. +. ;: '" t tJNf e T .HILL .NURSERIES.Catalogues .

,with'practical hints to new beginners, free on application Our list include Dunedin, Hillsborough County, Florida. '
the choicest varieties of the Citrus family grown. Also, .
We make a specialty of the DISTINCTIVE varieties of CITRUS 1I'RUITTREES,Including
.0. .., Peaches,' Pears; Plums! Grapesand "other Fruits. Double Im erialRiverslde. (buds personally selected] in California by a member of our com-
and Navels :Maltese Blood Hart's Tardlff Jaffa Du Rol Stark'Seedless
I pany) Washington -
Our stock is one Of the largestrin the State. Thornless
specialty ', and Early Fruiting varieties II ,etc.,etc. In Lemons we have Villa Franca,Sicily,.Genoa,Belair Premium and Eureka.:
"' Also Tahiti Limes, Peaches, Plums,White Adriatic FJgs,etc.,etc. Our stock is large,com-
R. W. PIERCE, plete,well rooted,thrifty and clean. Special terms on large orders. Catalogue free on'ap
,4- ---------- Indian Springs.Orange Co.,Fla. plication. Address A. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin,Fla.

Deer Gardens; i ; )
: Island and Nurseries, :FI.ock..yl3ran.ch: : Numeric .
.I .
\ # .' OAKLAND, ORANGE CO., FJLA. LeConte, Keifer Bartlett, Lawson and Uarber's Hybrid Pears a{Spe 1 '

Pot Grown. Semi-Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Plants and cialty. -
I t.'':\:,',y Vines. No' Loss in, Transplanting. fB.
Catalogue and'Price List Free,on application to the Manager. Address Summer contracts Special Hates will now be given. Address: ,

__' > ._ Oakland,Orange Co.,Fui.I I I Montlcello. Fla.
.-, ,' '." \ I r. !. <
1"" .1 \ r. "
.' :' "'!>:.A..1.1aan.: :: : nte ,,1'Jurser es. SOUTH FLORIDA NURSERIES.Sixty .. :
4: xALa \ : I ;.
'I E '8.A. \ A' thousand choice Orange,Lemon and Lime Trees for sale. Ten thousand fine i Florida
all' the, 1 including grown Peach Trees,of the Honey and Peen-Tolvarletfesl/ also two new varieties,Hybrids of
; Honey and Peen-To, named by us Chinese King and \ Queen. The: CblneseKlngripens
"r. New Fruits and Flowering Ornamental Trees in May. The Queen ripens three weeks later than Honey. Our eoenln orange
tw e'' will give you ripe fruit the year round. We have the genuine Washington. Navel sent to'us
Catalogue and Advance. Price List Free. direct from Washington. Big discount on large orders. .
II. L. WIIEATLEY, C.; B. PELTON Manager, '.
,_ ._ _. ."' Altamonie.Orange Conntv.,Fla. ,1 Lake Helen Florida. .

Established 1850. -' 200 Acres in.Fruit Nursery.
The stock of Fruit and Ornamental Trees specially adapted to Florida is doubtless the TO TIlE ''CL FATE OF FLORIDA, INCLUDING ,
most varied in the United States. Many valuable additions have lately been made to the THE ORANGE. : AND LE1\rON. ."...'
lists of Fruits suited to sections. In addition to the usual :fa
sub-tropical large variety of fruitswe
in variety,other Citrus Frints, LeConte and Kelffer1 Pears Japan Plump, Japan Persltnmons.
offer 100.(000)Peen-To Iloiiey and Pallas Peach Trees also;'KeIsc *
; .1! l *-
Guavas etc. ;
other Oriental Plums,Oriental Tears,Japan Persimmons,Grape Vines.trHw- .' Figs, ,Grapes, ; .
berry*Plants Our stock of Ko es,Evergreens. Palms, Acacias, and flow PEEN- fQ'and: HOJNEY PEACHES A SPECIALTY
ering shrubs includes everything of value for Southern gardens. A special Catalogue(No.4) .
Is published! for this branch of our establishment,and will be mailed free to all applicants -'A. H. MANVILLE: : & co. ,
t W tdo notfemploy agents. Send your orders direct to us and avoid being;imposed upon. lakeland. ,Polk County, Fla., and Drayton :{slfind, Putnam County, Flm.,"




690 .. I r -, THE FLORIDA. ;.DISPATCH.' H '..__::, [AUGUST... 151887., ,


[Continued from Page 686.] [Continued from Page 687.]c PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT.CHAS. I Connecticut Heard FromSavesTime

,berry: of its size and quality I know, a favorable conditions. Mr. Albright Health and Money.Mr. .

perfect bloomer ,and, very promising, stated that on moist, rich land he had W. DACOSTA, Publisher. Jas.Raymond, Greenwich,Conn.,

should have one star fojr: middle. re'gion. grown trees with larger leaves and DISPATCHIs writes: "This is to certify that I have
' used your Hughes' Tonic with best success
more foliage than the same devoted
a 24-page weekly, to AGRICULTURE,
and have also recommended it
" EABPBEB variety on ordinary soil, and bad no HORTICULTURE, INDUSTRY, IMMIGRATION to
and HOME IKTERESTS FLORIDA. my friends, who say it always cures. In
," The President: I caution the public doubt that the fruit would greatly ex- Terms of Subscription.Two cases where months were formerly lost

against Golden Queen, a yellow Cuth- ceed the usual] size. Mr. :ManVille said Dollars per year In advance,postpaidto from occupation, by taking a few dosesof

r bert but worthless, crumbles to the that; H. H. Berger, the well-known any part of the United States or Canada: this Tonic, chills and fever are keptoff'
10 f ore!en countries comprised in Postal
,touch and fires badly. V importer of Japanese trees, claimed Union,Two Dollars and,Fifty cents. thereby" saving time, health and
The date when the subscription expires Is money.
BLACKBERRIES.. that the giant loquat was merely the on the Address Label of each paper, the R. A. Robinson & Co.,

common variety grown on richer soil change of which to a subsequent date be- Wholesale Druggists,Louisville, Ky.
Harvest-bear for remittance. No other
wonderfully comes a receipt receipt -
and under more favorable conditions. Is sent unless requested. Sold at retail by Druggists generally. '

and earlier by two weeks than Wilson, Mr. Wheatley said he had seen the The paper is stopped at expiration of the *_._<

and while rather small are. of more subscription,unless previously renewed. One hundred and fifty bushels Florida
loquat growing on quince stocks. Mr When a change of address is desired,both
profit by long odds than:; any other, Hart recommended the growing of the old and new addresses should be given. raised Seed Rye for sale. Address

'its,merits consists in its earliness and Remittances, JOHN BRADFORD,
trees from seed selected from the best Fla.
the at the risk of the sender unless made by Bradfordville,
}consequent profits. [ specimens, and believed by this means registered letter or by check, express order,
or postal order, payable to CHAS W. DA-
;- MULBERRIES.Kiissian \ the; size and quality might be greatly COSTA, Publisher of the Florida.Dispatch, I II I

-Mr. Sanford: worthless..tTr improved.The Advertising Rates 800,000 ACRES
/ : committee made
on catalogue a
FIGS. $100 per Inch first Insertion: 50 cents per
t report, which after considerable dis Inch for each subsequent Insertion.

Judge aneeUWe find some difficulty cussion was adopted.The Preferred Positions,Next Reading or on Cover: FLORIDA LANDS

in our synonomy; we are mixed 81.40 per Inch first Insertion; 70 cents per
following resolution was then inch for each subsequent Insertion. }
for instance between the'Celestial and adopted: 10 per cent.oft on I months' contracts. Situated In the Counties of Nassau Duval, {'
Sugar; it:'bids fair to become a prom '20 '* on 6" II Columbia, Hernando, suwaneeAlaehuaLafayette, Sumter, Vof usl"Marion
;Resolved, That it is the belief of 80" on 12 II
inent and profitable fruit and we would this; association that Florida-grown Advertisements rUST be acceptable In Brevard Monroe., Polk, Hillsborough, Manatee: ant f

like have the ( EVERY respect.
; to names clearly set stock of all deciduous fruit trees is THE FLORIDA DISPATCH is sent free to
down for us. I those< who advertise in it,as long as adver- TOWN LOTS '
preferable to those raised further
President-This is alii i done explicitly North. tisement continues.Address ,

in standard CHAS. W. ,DACOSTA,Publisher In the Towns of Kissimmee,Winter, Haven,
works it will be
; After extending a vote of thanks 1o Jacksonville,Florida.Guavas Gordonville,Bartow,Auburndale,' Lakeland,
attended to next session. Seffher, Mango,Orient Eagle Lake. Haskell,
A. J. Beach and the proprietor of the Kathleen, Rlchland, Dade City, Owensboro
Mr. Sanford-I receive three figs Wanted. and Pemberton.
Hotel for courtesies received
from California: white, the Don Saratoga Will pay highest market price. Writeus location A Map of and these descriptive Notes showing the
the association adjourned until A riJ. lands will be furnished on
Pedro, the White Adriatic and Genoa; before engaging your crop. application to the Land Department of the
LTTTL'KFIELDJacksonville& $TEERE South Florida Railroad Company.
off well cold ------- -
they grew standing wonderfully -
When you feel that you are danger- ; Fla.
but I have not yet fruited ously sicK, you will send for an educated .. GEO. Fox,

them. j physician of acknowledged skill without Wanted. -

;: CHERRIES. *1. considering the cost. You wish to get Party in South Florida having tract of ,.', Chief, Clerk,

well. Have you malaria your system open clay subsoil land, to join writer in !Ii'\N.'Onn, FIA

The President-A South Carolina and do you wish to get rid of'it? Dr. putting out on shares large orchard of $Inn fn $300 A MONTH can be made

. grower cultivates an old variety, one Shallenberger's' Antidote is the remedy. the Bidwell Peach. Address working for us.. Agents

of Morello\ clays, the "Old]Flemish," The doctor is a graduate of Jefferson A. H. CABEY Orlando, Fla. and pieferred give who their can whole furnish time their to the own business.horses

or "Old Montmorenci and makes Medical College,thirty years in practice.The Spare moments mny be profitably employedalso.
medicine will cost you one dollar, A lew vacancies in towns and cities.B. .
.some money out of it. ] but it will cure you, and is safe in any WANTED. F. J011NSOIV & CO.,
Copies of the DISPATCH, issue July 18th, 1013 Alain St Richmond, Va.
t dose. Sold by druggists.
1887. Parties. who do not preserve a file,
Champion-Mr.\ Rape-Am: fruit will confer a favor by returning copiesof ,
Meteorological. ; above date to this office. ,O*' CHICAGO. ,
Champion; not yet ripe but prom ., Term begins first Tuesday in September,
ises well bears sooner than < most r\. >;D, --S. and continues thirty-one weeks.
; j ..laq''U9A1 M.w d abb u n..:s e: Q'i 110 Strawberry Refrigerator- Thorough and practical instruction every
quinces. j t r--: JO 1 0 0Q) OQ For Sale. Apply to department of medicine. Clinical advantages

PERSIMMONS. j 00 co H:.! 9TB18 93UI3AVaqjpwpunq. &::6:3 .6 ,,, C. F. WiNTOtf. Mandarin, Fla.. unsurpassed.WM., H. B\.FORD, A. M, M. D.. President.For .
.>* The President-Mr. Sanford exhib. ,.* : ,-. I : t'. IiC --- ...- announcement, address Prof. Marie J.
oI'r & Mergler, Secretary, Waverly Place, Chl-
.: Waverly Stock Farm.
its persimmon wrongly named; ha calls ", t }6llup tPJmnH I aoeo-t.t.ct)n aC G Jct) 8 _
U'U9J Cows and Heifers in Calf to "Panio"No. Ill.TS.
. it.Kura Kuma, but it should be Ko- <0 .
cn. -. 3S 9,420, American Jersey Cattle Club. I ;
tsu-r u. .. t' 3 0') ti e .4tloolaA I ana wi oa..rgtid Panic's g. g. dam, Eurotas, No. 2,454, CRElCENTiclllRT
.After the transaction of the usual = EQ made 778 pounds of butter in one year.

routine work appropriate resolutions .-.... .. _: *a> Bomba, JNo. 10,330, was, sired by the I.
{ '0') :aona9.1la I 14 i! fco. Duke of Darlington, No. 2,460-Panic's UCIU01H6 LUna COLLAR AND CDlt$.
were'adopted' the railroadsfor !
thanking I 112tiZZZ:; grand ire. Her calf sold for $12,000. It Is a source ot wonder to shirt wearer
their interest and courtesy in trans- "tSb. rnC Pedro No. 3,187, sold for $10,000, is a I that we can sell BO fine a shirt and 4-ply linen col.
i tars and cuffs, which retail for $1.50 or
"'. anywhere
porting members free; and the citizens M .. S2S3.8S.c4TTI 'it: son of Eurotas No. 2,454-Panic's g. g. j $2.00,f(T::so low a price,and pay
of Dalton for their hearty wel- p PUB saqoui al .< >-t SCHRADER BROS. for advertising, besides. The
.2 4 reason we can offer such a bar-
. M ((1JJaJ'U.1 Jlwa Tallahassee, Leon County Fla.
come and liberal hospitality in enter 72I . galu is, that we manufacture
., in large quantities, buy goods
taming the Society during the session. CDo 0..... Cotton Seed Hull Ashesas tor cash,and you buy&t factory

After appropriate concluding re- s.. .1 Illgasaj% I -"JOI.t. A .o-' prepared by our mills, are without I prices, thus saving the three
that of
marks by the president the Society 2 & c 8i hp doubt the best Fertilizer for fruit and t Wholesaler profits, Retailer Jobber

.adjourned. 2 m mnaquw tihr.oo.a.-P'. J.:nice. vegetables 'used. They contain a very ; \ and when we have a customer
I GOo 11D large percentage of Potash and Available I i / once we have him always.These
. Qn the evening of the 5th inst.after B I "' shirts are made of the finest
a. .IQlxgUT 1 23 3!S3 52 9 o ooDO! p. cC Phosphoric Acid, in their best forms for I"
I Ao--- Wamasutta Utica
JS ;:; xx :: and Nonpareil
adjournment a complimentary .I The ash of ,
.:..sz agricultural plantsis muslin; the bosoms are of extra
cert was tendered the society by the --.- I =; the natural furposes.all plants, contain- i .,' _. heavy hand-made Irish linen In
-; .I91aWW"BU .. 1& ing element but '! all slzesfrom 13 to 17,buttonholes hand-made.When
musical circles of Dalton, and on the t$!a c every ,
fertilizer ordering collars please state style wanted whether
.2 Jiiga a1J9W ri ii g Q)t by any plant. No better can '
following day an excursion to Lqok- I stand-up or turn-down. We have so much confidence -
> -.-- 01 O5SE be used. These Ashes are put up in in our goods, that if you are from any
out Mountain was given such of the -O J : : i:11'l bags. You get much more value for the cause not satisfied,we wiUclieerfutty refund your
delegates able to remain 0 ; i : : :.d : ..Cue. than in other fertilizer.We I I money. Try:them once and you will buy no other.
as were .. .
.1 .. .
over. ...' ;; -. :.. ':.. ..... Q)" same money any j For$4.80 we will send you six shirts, six
.... x I
As a whole, it was one of the most en- C O reo i I ::,.a...! sell in car loads. If less Quantity is 4ply linen collars and three pair 4-ply linen
the Q ,, ', .'4 lops t.ao '0 y_.., I wanted, write to us for the address of the eu< joyable has ... .
meetings society ever CD t.-P1<< as-.c.G "'t U.".; dealer nearest who sells our Cotton linen collars and two pairply linen cuflfe.

neldand the Florida delegates will long c:; ;) -i:.!'CIS 0":S: "'sz t .a.c'..tie..-tI.0 Seed Hull Ashes.you I. For. $1.00 we send one sample 4-ply shirt linen col-oneair4plyllnencufI's'and"one

.cherish pleasant memories'of the courteous b Ei gaa ;mn tax= American Oil Company ar. by mail,post-paid. Address
and 18 Broadway N. Y CRESCENT SHIRT CO..
reception generous treatment, &> 9 Spruce St. New York City.
of their Georgia co laborers. Just Received

R Fresh Turnip Seed.
,Fresh Ruta Baga Seed. PANOOAST & GRIFFITHS

Van Kpp Howard, Eustls,Fla. + Fresh Cabbage Seed. ,

Grove contractor and agent. Land Fresh Egg Plant Seed. FRUIT AND PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS

cleared, set with orange trees and taken All varieties. Send in your orders. ,
care of. Trees furnished. Taxes paid. Remember I guarantee my seed. > PHILAI>ELiPHIA.

Satisfaction. guaranteed., Terms moderAte WILLIAM A. BOUKS, ::, Inaugurators of the Ventilated system of shipping Strawberries from Florida(without ice).

: ,', \ 20 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. Reference: Our, Acc't'" ,.Sales'.. and check'.'.. Saturday,. for every shipment closed out'that week.1 9F" .





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... .,' ,., \\--.4-: '." 'dt .-.".. < ..


: R.&IL'W.&Y:: .


6 < r _i

BOSTQN All Trains on this Road are run by Central Direct all-rail route betwr'n Jacksonville
Bftvannah, New York .
standard:! Time. Green Cove Spring: Falatka Gainesville
r and Philadelphia, Ocala, Leesburg, DeLnnd, Knteipr*Titus-
Passenger Trains. will leave and arrive dally
and between Boston 't AND as follows: 'yule Sanford, Mt. Dora, Tavareo, Winter
and Savannah Park, Orlpndo, Tampa and !southern Florida.
x Time table in efleet June 27, I8K7. Central
a 65 to 70 HOURS. PHILADELPHIA. Jacksonville..J2$0 n'n standard time. A means a. m.: P means p.m.)

at Leave Jacfesonville...._..._..__ 7.0ua zu : .
t Arrive Waycroes.*..._-.._-..._.._ 9:18 a m GOING S .UTH.Lv .
'. Ocean Arrive,Jf sup.....:......_..._.....__..10:32 a m Jackson\U1e from S., F. &W. Jsy ttatton.:
Steamship Company. Arrive Savannah......_........._.....1206 p in I Cuban
Arrive Charleston_....__....M. 4:46 p m I I Pass. Man. PS8.
Arrive Rlchmond_..._...._......_... 6:54 a m Daily.STATIONS. .
(Central or 90 Meridian Time) Arrive Washington...........................11:30 a mAri A. M. P. M. P.M.
.. Passage' Rates ? fe Baltimore_........_...............1240 p m Lv Jack onvUle__..._ 8:00 12:30 3:4''
Between Jacksonville and New'York, 1st class $21.75; Intermediate 16.75; Fxcursion S13.5O; Arrive Phlladelphla....._......__.....M 3:10 p m. Orulge Park..._ M. 8:30 12:56 4:18
rk Steerage' $11.75. Arrive New Yorfr..._......_;..___._ 5:50( p m 'Gnen Cove Sprlng.. 9:05 JZt 4:54
Jacksonville and Boston, let class i5.00; Excursion Sl3- :Steerage$12.50. Pullman Bullet Cars to and from New York I Ar Pnlatka.._..._._ 10: 0 2:11 5::)'
THE Magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as fol lows: and Jacksonville and ; ullman Sleeping:: cars' Lv Palatka..._....___ 10:05 2:15. 6:00:
to and from Jacksonville and,Tampa. It Pomona..__....._.. 1\:40( 6:34
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. 11 untingtonCres.( C.) 10.51 6:45

i NAOOOCHEE Oa it.Kempton .. .. ... ......... ....... .. .. Tuesday, Augu 2- 5:00 r. m Nevi le.__.._ _.. 1115 3:10 "7l0
t CITY OF 8A'A NNAR,(lap(.F. Smith ..... ..n..Frlday.Augu't5-7ooa.m NEW II DeL nd Jnnetlon... 12:8p 352' 8"5<<
t Arrive Jacksonville...................... 7:15 a.
TALLAHASSEE, Capt Fisner_.. ........................... Sunday August 7- 8:10: a.. m Leave Jacksonville.l)0un.: () p Ar DeL:+nd (DeL tty.N 12:25p 4:10 8:2D
CHATTAHO CHEF, Capt. Daggett.............?_ ............._.........Tue d y, August 9- 9:30 a. m Arrive Waycross....._.......__.... 9:18: a nt Lv DelJmd (DeL. Ry)_ UWa 1:55 ,7:40
NACOOOHEE J Capt. Kempton............_...... ...___..._.....Friday., August 12-12:00 IIo Arrive Thomasvllle... .. ......_. 1:22 '
i CITY OF BAv ANNAH Capt.F.Smith.......:..................Sunday, August u130 p.m Arrive Bain bridge.-..-....?._- -- 8:35 p m Lv II Orarlge City Junc._ 12: 4:01 8:18
: TALLAHASSEE. Capt. Fisher .... ....... ........... ...... ..:.. Tuesday, August 16-3:30 p. m Arrive Chattahoochee.... .._-.MMMMMM............ 4:04 p no m Enl prise Junction. 12:32 i:12 8:38 8:31II :
p Mon .._____._.. 12:39 4:18
CHAT rAHOOCHEE, Capt. Daggeit.u.............. .....,....... Friday,August 19-6:00 p.mNAOOOCHEE. Arrive Pensacola via L. &N.R.R ...lutlO
Capt.Kemp ton ....... '?......... ........... Sunday,August 21- 7OOa m Arrive Mobile via L.&N.R.R.N.N..N.- 2:15 p m Ar Santbrd ...NM ...__ 12:52p 4SOp 8:18A.
Smith... .. .........' : 7.3-- 8:30 m a m M. P M. 1Iv
SIXTY SAVANNAH, apt. .. .... ..... .. 1'ne day, August p. Arrive New Orleans via L.&N.R.R7:10 1
TALLAHASSEE.: Capt.-Fiab r. .... ............u............... Fr'.day! ,August'23-12:00 m Pu man Buffet Cars to and from a m : tanrord.: ._........._ 9:00: 5:00
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Dagge't ........1.....,..,........... Sunday,August 2-2.-00 p. m and New Orleans Pensacola and Way Mobile.cross 'Ar SOrr*nto._.........._..... 10:12 5:67
p NACOOCHEE, Cap1.Kempton. .... ............:........ ...1 uesday,August so- 4:00 p. m via 'Mt Dora_..!.....__ 10:32 6:13
FROM SAVANNAH TO'BOSTON. Tavarps. ..._..._... 10:18 6:21

CITY OF ACON,Capt.W. X it7..._._......_.....:-...._.1 hnrsday, August,at 6:30p.: m Leave Jacksonville.A. 0. LINE...EXPRESS.......".....__... 2:05 p m Ar Enterprise_....__ 4:
GATE CITY1CaPt:, Hedge ......_.___.........................Thursday, August 11.at 11:00 a.m Leave Callahan...........M...................... 2:47 p m Lv" Enterprise _.....NN 4:00.,
CITY ,Capt.W. Kelly.........__........_..._.Thursday, August 18,at 5:00a.m Arrive Waycross..........__.......-.-....... 4:40 p m Titukville..NN.Osteen..MN..NNNM M 4M
DATE CITY, Capt.;, Hedge...._....._._.... _._._.....N.N.Thursday August 25, at 11.00 a. m Arrive (Savannah._..._..._...._ 7:;8 p ta Ar ..._. 6:32
FOB PHILADELPHLt.! Arrive Charleston_?.__.._..-_ 1:25 a m Lv Ss.nfordSoFlaRy). 4:10
? Arrive Wilmington..............N........MN 8:25 am Ar Orlando....____... 5:32'.
+ [These Steamers do not carry Passengers.] Arrive Weldon...._-.-..-......._...._... 2:10 p m Kissimmee _._.__ ,6:15
JUNIATA, Capt. Asklus................._....._._...__....._,..Saturday, August 67:00 .'mDEBSOUG Arrive Richmond. ................._......_. 6:00: p m Lakeland ............_ 8:90
Capt. N. F. Howes......._...._...;..._.............._ Saturday,August 13- 1:0)p.: m Arrive Washington......__.......-11:00 p m "Bartow..N..MMN.. :
JUNIATA. Capt.Askins-...._......................_...._....._..._.Saturday,August 20- &30 p. roDESSOt Arrive New York _.....__............._. 6:50 a m Tantpa (SoFia RyNM 9:10"-'
( G, Capt. N. F.Howes.........._.___..._................. ,Saturday August- IKJOp.mTHESE Pullman' Buffet Bleeping Cars from Jack- Lv Palatka (Fla So By) 10:05& .
sonville to New York. Ar Galnesv11le..__......_ 12:2p() .
PALACE STEAMERS, Ocala _._........___. J:1&
cnnectlng with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line) EAST FLORIDA E2PBXES. Lcesburg..MMMN. 8:15

Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. Arrive Jacksonville ..............._..._ 9:45a m U 5:40
Through Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to princlpalpolnta North East and Northwest Leave Jacksonville.........._..........-..- 4:15 p mLeave .
i .Tie Savannah. For information and rooms apply to Waycross....._.........._.._...._ 7:20 p m GOING NORTH. .
"HENRY YONGE, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent, Leave Gainesville ............-.-..........-. 3:45 p m I Cuban Mall. Pass.. Pa'J8.
Pier No.85 North"RIver,New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga. Leave Lake City_................. .........- 3.25 p m I Daily ,
t RICHARDSON A BARNARD Agents Savannah Pier, B..ston. Leave Live Oak..................._.........._ ouo p m STAT ONP. P.M. A.M. A.M.
W. L.JAMES Agent, 18 8.Third Street,Ilhiladelphia.J. Leave Thomasvllle...._....._.................10:55 p m Lv Tanlpa (So Fla RR)_ 8:10 .. .
D. HAAHAGEN. Eastern Agent Sav., Florida&Western Ry. Co.,281 Broadway,N.Y. Arrive Albany.........._......_............... 1:22 a m Lakeland .................. 9:00
G. M.SORREL. Gen. Manager. H. R., CHRISTIAN, Soliciting Agent. Arrive Montgomery via Cen. R. R.m 7:26 a m Ba-rtow........._........ 6:00
For Tickets apply to 8., F. & W. Railway office. Arrive Mobile via L. &N. R. R.-..._. 1:50 p m KIsslmmee.._....._. It: 6:2) 11:40
N'E. Arrive New Orleans >la L. &N. R.R. 7:20 p m Orlando.........___... 12:25a 7:1( 12:06p
M. I/JINQLE. i'.W.. A. DELL Arrive Nashville via L. & N. R. R.... 7:05 p m Ar Hatford (SO Fla R R 1:00 8:2 1:15

; Arrive Louisville via L. & N.R.R..... 2:12 a m Lv 'fttusvUle__.._...... 11:28a
STATE BANK OF FLORIDA. Arrive Cincinnati via L. & N. It. R.- 6:30 a m II Osteen ............_.,....., :12p
Arrive St. Louis via L.&N. ".R....._.. 7:35 a m Ar En.terprlse..... ......_. :33p
Bare Deposit SnC. Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jackson- Lv Enterprise ._..... ...... 1:37pLv

Open Daily and hours 9 to 3 vllle and St. Louis, via Ihomasville: Montgomery Ta ayes...__.__ _.oo 7:00 1l:4ra.
(Sundays Legal Holidays Banking m NashvilleEAST
excepted) a. m. p. and
Mt Dora.. ..... .........._ 7:11 1J:1)7a.)
:;: .' Deposit hours 9 a. m. to. 5 p. m. TENNESSEE; EXPRESS. >:oirento...._....._... 7:38 J2J7p

Fire and Year. Arrive Jacksonville........_............__ 7:25 a mLeave Ar Efahfonl _...._..... AM 8:25 1:80p
Burglar Proof Boxes for Rent, $10, $15 and $20 per Jacksonville ...........-.............. 7:00 p ..
Lv S'wford_...........__. 1:15 8:20 1:85p
Leave tallahan..N..N..NN.:: ..................
Arrive Waycross..........._............_... 9:30 p m Monroe. 8-t0: 1:4-1
W. N. ,BAKER, Cashier. HENRY A. L'ENGLE, ManRa-er.. Arrive Jesup-.......................................10:57 p m DeLandJunctlon.NN. )2:46'(? 8:59 9:12 2:13 2:02
t Arrive Macon via E.T.V.& G. R. R. 3:50 a m
,. % Y Arrive Atlanta via E.T.V.fc G.R.R. 7:20 a m Ar 1" LandheLandfy( ) 9:3: 2:27
Arrive Chattanooga E.T. V.& G. 1:35 p m Lv DeLand It. 8:55 1:55
2,500,000 Pullman Buffet Cars and passenger coaches lv Spring Garden..... ... 2:19 9:81 2:80
to and from Jacksonville and Chattanooga. II evllle..... ....... .. ... 3O"J 10:09 3:10
SALE BY 0 SAVANNAH EXPRESS. H';nUnllton (CreJ C) 3:26 JO-l9 3:31

Arrive Jacksonville.......... ...._..._. 5:30 a m II Pomnna_...:....._...._ 3:38 10:40 3:41
Arrive Gainesville .................._.........10:30 a mLeave Ar Palatka. ._............ 4:15 11:12 4:14
k? THB FLORID SOUTHERN RAILWAY COMY Jacksonville9:00 p m A M :A 11
Leave Gainesville-_...............-__... &J5:: p m Lv 'Leesbul1FJaSoRy( ) 10M
Leave Lake City.................._........_.. 3:25 p m Ocata......._..__._.. 12:43p ,
Leave Live Oak.._............_........._. 6:55 p m u OalnesvllJe...___.... 6-i.1). 1:30Ar
SITUATED IN THE COUNTIES OF Arrive Waycross............... -.-......11:45& p m PaJntka_......._...... 10/: / 4:10

Arrive Albany via B.& W. R. R........ 5f 0 a m Lv'Palatka..............,.._ 4:17 11:17 4:19
Arrive Macon via Central R. R.......... 9:10 a m
Columbia, Bradford, Clay, Putnam, Alachua, Levy, Marion, Orange, Arrive Atlanta via Central R. R....... 1:05 p m II :Green Magnolia Cove__Spring__..._. 5:21 5:23 12J9p:16 12:2.1 5:18
Arrive Chattanooga via W.&A.R.R. 7:'5 p m It: Orange Park'..___._ 5:18} 12:66 6:48
Sumter, Hernando, Hillsborough, Brevard, Baker, Polk &.Manatee, Arrive Savannah..._...._....-.-..-... 6:10 a m Jacksonv1l1e...___. 6:3f'' J:28p 6:20p
Arrive Charier ton..._.-...._........-11:40 a m AT
Consisting of the finest Orange, FaiLilng, Vegetable and Grazing Lands in the State of Flor Pullman Baffei Cars Jacksonville to Cincinnati .
ida. Price J1.25 per acre and upwards, according to location. and through coaches Jacksonville to Three trains between Jacksonville and SantTd. -

4 For further. information apply to Office Florida Southern Railway Co., Palalka,Fla. Chattanooga. No change of cars between Jacksonville .
Pullman Meeting Cars to and from Jack- and Tampa. '
sonville and Savannah. The 12:30p.m. Cuban fast mall train awaits
L. N. WJIiKlE, W. P. COUPEK, Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail the arrival of the fast mall from the North

Chiel Clerk and Cashier Land Department. Chief Engineer and Land Commissioner.* and Kteaashlp connections, and baggage and stops only at the principal stations andat
.. checked through Also, Sleeping Car berths Tjemon street, Palatka,making connection
t; and sections secured at the Company's Office Tampa with steamers for Key 'West And
\T ENT1lYEA.RSESTABLlsnE in Astor's building,82 Bay street,and at. Passenger Havana on Monday and Thursday evenings
Station and on board People's Line I Pullman Buffet Sleeping cars are attached to
1 Steamers H. b. Plant and Chattahoochee and this train from New York through to Tampa,
F. .A. :E? E1T J.\s.A.:
DeBary-Baya Line Steamer City of Jackson' and to 8:00:) p. m.train from Tampa through to,
Yille. WM. P. HARDEE, Washington.Direct .
Fruit and Produce Commission Merchant. I General Par anger Agent. connection is made at Palatka with
Q FLRMTfJO Superintendent. the Florida Southern Railway to and from
Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty. No. 234 North Delaware Avenue (below Vine I Gainesville, Ocala Leesbul1,and other polntei
Street), Philadelphia. Consignments of all kinds of Fruit and Produce solicited. Returqs reached by that road. Also with the Ht.Johns-i:
t promptly made as advised. stencils and market reports furnished on ap licatlon. and Halifax Railway for Ormond Daytona...
rencee WinterPaark S.F1a and Winter Park, Fla.; A. H. Carey Orlando, Fla.; L. H Law Huntington wltb stages for Crescent City.
;.' the trade generally in Philadelphia and New York. 'Fancy !! Poultry. At Oranage City Junction with B. 8., O. C. A-:,
; A. Ry for Lake Helen .-nd New Smyrna. At.
Monroe with Orange Belt Railway for Aponka.
POVVEn.S: cb CO., MONCRIEF POULTRY YARDS and Oakland. At Sanford for all points
reached. by South Florida Railroad.
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS IN P. O. Box 381, Jacksoavlllc, :Fla. Steamer leaves TltusvUe.or for Cocoa, Bock-.

W. W. FENDBIOH, ledge Melborne and all l Intermediate la DUlAgS:* .
on Indian River,at 8 a.m ,Monday,W edn-
FLORIDA I FRUITS I AND VEGETABLES. White and Brown Leghorns, Light Brah- day and Friday. Returning, leaves Melboameat5:30 -
-, ', L' < mas, Plymouth Rocks, Lan ticewill and a. m., Tuesday, fhursUay and
Wyardottes Until further
All goods told day of arrival, andcheck. and sales sent on that day. Give us a trial shIp- from no- furnish Saturday. ,
the above
; went ,'. .: varieties at|1 pre* "City ticket office,northwest corner Bay and
1.524 Main S.ntreets Richmond Va.'c thirteen delivered at Exprat. office. Hogan tUu L.C. DeviNO, O. T. A.
Mention DISP
: ... ';'1t jt', 4'l.... yt' ,. -',: "";: .. ATCIt." M.R.1OBAN. Gen. Bupt.andQ., P. A.,

.. '.. _, "-;":;' -. ,'. "'".



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... ..c
-. .
..- /,

.,,._._ "."" .:'i.i... .'< '-.>
.. '
j\ <;1'1J't.r.'II'' '.. -. 1. .e....;\," -J." ", .. .::.".",'j.'' '1' --. ''-
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4,92; .I 'T:.., .c-- SEE :]SLOBIDA: 'DISPATCH' ,=- .' f AUGUST.. 151887.'..

\ "
TRAVEL VIA \ The Largest and Mast Complete Establishment CLYDE'S '

Through Trains mlth Dining South. : ,:
Cars,,Pullman P lace Steep- >
1BurlingtonC.8.80.R.R 1 Ing Cart,. Modem. Coaches.
Sure connections In Union New York Charleston & Florida

I Depot at its terminal points, n **
with trains frcm\and\ to the *
East, West,north and South. STEAMSHIP LINE.I .:
Cheapest, Best and Quickest :

or Route St.l.outo from Chicago* Peoria __________ .\.,. .

DENVER. ST. PAUL The elegant Steamers,or this Line are appointed to sail for CHARLESTON & NEW YORK'From

SAN FRANCISCO JACKSONVILLE......... H.............:................Every TAD RSDAY.,
MINNEAPOLIS, From FERNANDINA....................-......................... ....Every! 8U\VAY. ,
From Jacksonville.: '
For Tickets,Rates,Maps,Ac., Ticket .
cf connecting fines, or address apply to i Agents 1 SEMINOLE...H...... ..............;.................... .......Thursday,August 11,at 8:30 am
f.J.POTTER, H.B.STONE, PAUL MORTON, .liIf lti irLI2J CHEROKEE.. ......u....... .......... ...............-..Thursday,August 18,at 3:00 pm
v1tY.jP. 6.M. .0.P.& 1.A. SEMINOLE.. .... ....................**..:..........01......... .- Thursday, Au!ust25at8:30pm'
fYor handsome Illustrated Burlington Root Guide CHEROKEE....:.;'.:.u..........' '..................,.. Thursday September t ,at 3:00 pin
Boot need-a postage to the a P. KX. JL,Cb,1caiOlU. Geo. S. Hacker & Son,
From Fernandina.
For hand-omeIllustrated Burlington Route Every Sunday afternoon,on arrival of the Florida Railway and Navigation Co's trains.
Guide Book:send 4c. postage to the G| P.& T. MANUFACTURER OF Steamship DELtWARE...............,..................... ....... ......Sunday,August 7,p m 1
A.,-,'Chicago. -- ,111. .., YEMASSEE .............'.u..... -........................... .Sunday August 14,pm'
II Y MASSEE ................. ................................ unday.August.2t3,pm.
And Building Material.Office Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29. E.R.,New York, every_ TUESDAY and FBI
BY B! SflDING 30 [CUTS( and DAY,at 3 p.m. Tuesdays' ships for Fernandina and Fridays' ships for Jacksonville.
Warerooms Cannon St.
King op. The Freight and Passenger Accommodations by this'Line an unsurpassed. Every attention
Charleston S. C. will be given business entrusted to the Line. Direct. all shipments from New.York via ,
get in stamps by first you null will a HAuDS'DIE BO A of note CLYDE'S FLORIDA LINE, Pier 29,East River. .
and envelope I fnene. For further Information apply.
put up specially STEYE J.Pencil.l Farmers' Wagons and Carts. J. A. STEAD,Agent, F. M. IROI'MO'fGER, JR., J. A. LESLIE,Agent .
BOOKSELLER Address and CEORCE STATIONER,E.CINCINNATI"; OILIO.e Fernandina, Fl.. Gen. F. P. Agt.,Jackson le, irla. Jacksonville,Fxa.J .
THEO. G. EGER,Traffic Manager,Broadway: ,N. Y. 88 Bay St.,cor.Hogan.WM. :: .
If you want a first-class Wagon or Can P. CJLYDE & CG'., Gen. -Agents, '
Cash call
s tt WANT A DOG cheap for on 12 South Wharves,Philadelphia,85 Broadway,N.Y.
K. D. ZAHM, -
(Colored plates, 100 engrnvtaffs Jacksonville,Fla. ESTABLISHED 1W75._
I of different breeds prices they axe Office, H. Berlack's Store,East Bay Street.
I worth, and where to bay them.Mailed .] Form Wagons from...,...........$35.00 to moo "
for 15 Cent. Carts and Drays from.......,...J25.00 to S28.0C GRAIN GARDEN SEEDS
((237 6.Eighth fit(,Philadelphia,fa.] HUGHES' TONIC. AND .


For preserving Meats Milk, llutter,-Syrup,
Cider. and Fruits and Vegetables of every W=LL=A.M: .4.. $cXcrEt.S '
kind in their natural state. Tasteesi! ,Odor- Chillsm FeverINVALUABLE (Successor to J. E. Hart .
less, Harmless. Enough for five gaUdns,by
mall f 1. Intellleent Agents Wanted.", 20 West Bay Street Jacksonville: Fla .
Kn(o's A.&P.AoENcY,7792J Ave.N/Y City handle none but the Best and most Sellable Seeds. My new Catalogue will be sent free on
IN THE SOUTH.It application. Also, Wholesale Dealer In -'-,'* h

..: N. DOBBJNS& ROt Corn Oats Flour Grits Meal '
Hay Bran Wheat
will Cure the Most Obstinate Case} ,



1 R. A. ROBINSON& OO., 1 I. E. Tygert & Co.'s Star Brand Fertilizers.Guaranteed .



'JMK laws
f at this season Is well earned, and should not VfURIATE OF POTASH, SULPHATE POTASH;
be disturbed. It cannot,however, annoy- .
Gun; Locksmiths, and stencil Cutters, ing, In a leisurely way, to think and plan NITRATE SODA; KAINIT, Era ',' .

whatMUSIC Prices on application.__ ____ July 27 tf
44 W. Forsyth St., Op.St.Johns Hoh.!. BOOKSfrom

JACKSONVILLEGunsmlthlng FI.ORJ1J4\ the inexhaustible supply described In :
:&e-v' :
UITSON & CO'S Catalogues, it will be wellto I..ymawPh.e1j -E ,
dune In all lt> branches. 4 use In the next musical campaign. Any SANFORD FLORIDA.
book mailed for retail price.
IRU" SAFE WBK Sunday-school teachers will soon be able to SELLS

fpeet rateR Pt."en r"11ttJn hv me''.' examine our new nnd beautiful Sunday- FORRESTER'S CHEMICAL MANURES tiF F
School Song Book, the Children's Diadem
((35 cts),by Abbey& Munger, and the newly PREPARED FOR .
5200 WILL BUT THE BEST S A W arranged and valuable New Spiritual bongs Oranges Trees and other Fruits and Plantation and Garden Crops,
(35 cis.), by Tenney &Hoffman.
School teachers will be pleased to look at SPECIFICALLY PREPARED FOR EACH CROP.

'> MilL Singing our new Classes Uoyal and Singer High((60 Schools.cts., for Also Adult the No Vermin-Feeding Compounds used in the Manufacture of these Goods r

.r t Si'njr Greeting((60 cts.). for High Schools (a The highest grade goods.are tne best and cheapest,and these goods meet the want. Many ,
i t great favorite); and the delightful little Primary years'tests find them to be all that Is claimed for them. References can be given,but It is
THEKMONEY.Y School Song Book, Gems for IjittleSingers needless where goods are n well known. It can be truthfully said that these are the standard p
FOR __ ((00 cts.)
Write for Illustrated Descriptive Circular. Music teachers{ "on the wing," are invitedto .
alight and examine the superb stock of In- 13,000 .A..ores ::
RICHMOND MACHINE WORKS n.tu: struction Books and Collectionsof Vocal and

Beautiful Instrumental Music for teaching purposes, at Ol the best quality of heavy oak,hickory and cabbage hammock having miles of river and> )
New Upright the stores ofOLIVER bay fronts and best water protection in Florida. Especiallyadapted ,
Piano, ROsewood I DITSOIt k CO., to Florida fruits and vegetables. >'d-' ,-. :
449 and 451 Washington St., Boston.C. w 0 ...s '
Case .
,only$ 65w .H. DITHON & Co.,867 Broadway, N. 1. :; :4
New Organs only .,J. E. DITSON &Co 1228 Chestnut st Phila. ob :: c ... I If IfTown t -I

gains$GO. .Ever Greatest Offered Bar LYON <& HEALY, Chicago ,f f m1c' .. :Joa !oANTHONY I &'YOIJNGj'; m tS: 14oQ : ! aS
:Established RQ years 'J!PABLO BEACH. I u "C7 ,-g = CD -( o':1:; : '::'I. f.;
= "C7
For Catalogues,address' ,, -g! ;' g' o a Real Estate & I Insur. Agents, s : ig 0 :

Gem Piano and Organ Cor __ -0- as 0 () ::Q k) tr ... =
Watington,>ti:J.,ITA.\. Jacksonville and Atlantic R'y Co. Q sto".;. 3 Palmetto, Manatee Co., Flo !:: If '
.c: '
-8 pa
N EFFECT SUNDAY, :MAY 15, 1887. ;L. r o7 j

-, EASTWARD. property and unimprovedin
LOW COST HOUSESAND all the towns on the Manatee River. Beautiful river and .,
bal No.8 No.5 No.9A.M
No.7L i bay fronts. Pure saltwater. Oysters, fish and clams. Lovely building sites "ran
HOW TO BUILD THEM. .Jacksonvtlle.'......\ 6:0 .A.M 9:30 2:301 1 5RO6:31)P.xv.P.l1. i mainland and inlands. Yachting unsurpassed.: Correspondence solicited. .
SO cuts with peclflcatlons, est'mates' and Ar ...1 7:1510:26 3:2016:2017:15\ \ .
full description desirable modern houses, "
from 4 rooms up. costing from f 400 to $5,000( ), WESTWARD. Well Curbing and Chimney Flues
profusely Illustrating every detail and many No.2 No.4!No.6 No.8 No.10
original Ideas In regard: decorating. Home! A.M' P'3i -p.n'' P x r.M Cheaper,and Better: than Brick. ,
adapted to all climates! and classes of people. Lv Pablo.___.... 7:33/ 1:05; 4:401' 5:'5 9rA: ( .
The latest> t,and only cheap work of the Ar Jack80nvllle.._ 8:26 1:50, &:25 6:20 9:45 FOUNDATIONBLOCKSl
kind publtkhed In the world. Bent by mall, Trash .1 ..
' No. runs Monday only. Trains 2,3
post taken.paid Address,upon receipt of 25 cents. Stamps; 4 and 5 run dally. Trains 6 and 7 daily except: Ornamental,Cheap and Strong. No skilled labor required. .

RQOKLYN Sunday. Trains 8,9 and 10 Sunflayonly. Address. ,
Brooklyn, N. Y. .-Superintendent, FLORIDA'STONE AND PIPE COMPANY, j

Office%} West Bay Strict, Jacksonville! ,Fa.F i

... ,. .
;- 1


.. <, ... ., .- .-- _. .. _, a 1