The Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055757/00083
 Material Information
Title: The Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: The Florida Dispatch Line
Place of Publication: Live Oak Fla
Creation Date: July 25, 1887
Publication Date: -1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates: 30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1876.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -new ser. v. 9, no. 3 (Jan. 21, 1889).
General Note: D.H. Elliott, editor.
General Note: Published at: Live Oak, Fla., <June 20, 1877>-Feb. 11, 1880; and at: Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 18, 1880-Jan. 21, 1889.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (May 8, 1876).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038464
oclc - 01386590
notis - AKM6254
lccn - sn 95026759
System ID: UF00055757:00083
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text

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> A.Jourl1q1c of Agriculture, Horticulture, Industry & Immigration

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_ "\ DIAL 5RGAN'70F" THE 'FLORIDA' : t'tR.pll''G: QWER t ASS ATi--ANDTHE: ::.FLOE 1DA-.FR ULT: AND .

r;' : VEGETABLE. (:fROW RS'1P.ROTE' --"TIVE ASSQCiAJIOffjr- ; : .

i DaCosta & Manville, Proprietors. : 1.,>.:Jacksonville* Hrt Fl* ., Monday, July 25_ 1887. New Series: Vol. 7, No.;3o.a.:,. .

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PRICES THE LOWEST. R.. N. ELLIS,C. E.. A. E.McOLtras;f'. ':;r:,
How to Cure Arc]>iteti .5'" '''

,,, Stoves, Crockery, ELLIS & MCOLURE '
SkUl&Scalp Tin-ware- China
O.. S L'ENGLE Architects and Civil Engineers;
"' : : Chandeliers, ;
Diseases ,,.
zttit *"> _e'
/ 'Granite Iron-ware, ;, Lamps Plans,Specifications Estimates lor build
-; ings of all kinds,Sanitary work,etc. -
Stoves c' ,
T with the : : : -,. Burners, Chimneys, Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block, Bay St.

ClJTICllf.lREMED ,. Silver-ware. ... Gas Fixtures, P.O. Box785 Jacksonville. F'fs..4

\ House Furnishings, '. Freezers, \

'l 1' I E 5'. Table Cutlery, z' Refrigerators, OANOKE COLLEGEIntbeVirginia I

pimply) diseases of 'ibe skin, Fire I I L Mountains.
licalp, and blood with loss of hnlr,from in- Dogs, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Dinner, Tea and
fiincy to old age,are cured bj the tUTICURA '-$149, $176, or $204 A YEAR-
REMEDIES. Baskets anaWoode'n-ware1, : ] I 1. Toilet Sets. Thorough instruction; good discipline; bed moral
UTICURA RESOLVENT, the New Blood Parifler influences. Students from manZStatew., Graduate %
,cleanses the blood and perspiration of Particular Attention Paid. to Mail Orders. ,., $! in 23 States and Territones. Thirty-fifth ies
Catalogue free.
lion begins Sept.
d1sease-ustalninl elements,and thus remove Adarysa JULIUS D. PKSUE&. President .u.JX-t: ,T4, ::
the UTICUBA caut the great Skin Cure, Instantly. ROCKWELL & .,KINNE \, : ''v': .
allays itching and inflammation cle irs the : 000- WHY NO Too ;:
akin and scalp of crusts,scales and sores,and Successors to Nichols., Rockwell& Co., Wholesale and Retail I ; !"

restores the hair. Hardware Stoves House Furnishing Goods Grates. Mantels} Paints ATTTENOT\ .<
CUTICUKA SOAP,an exquisite Skin BeantlIler ; DUHSMORE'SBnsiness'
L is Inulspensable tn treating skin dis- Oils, Saddlery, Guns, Ammunition, Etc. t\l I)
Incorporated by the LegIs1atnreofva )
skin blem shes
eases baby humors, ,chapped
oily ,skin CUTICUBA. REMEDIES are the .,Parties in town or, out will do well to call or send for our catalogues and prices of any ..and Indorsed by leading bunt- .
skin beautlflers. good they may need in our line. Prices lower than ever Legs men a.nd Sta.Ee oftJclala.> IndJ- :
great Tidu.al1DstrnctJon. Teaching Theory and Arl.rirJ
Sold everywhere. Price, CUTICUBA, SOc.;' 38 West Bay Street:Jacksonville, Fla. practice what others teach by tktorg only. CataJoon
ROAP 250.;' RESOI.VEXT, 81. Prepared by the eon lnlng fall information and testimonuLifrah' ?

l'OTTER DRUG AND CBEUICAI. 0., Lpston.Id .. 66k'eu l.G. iii !* [ lit I.! .!. .4 i>resldent-- ,-StA.nD. -- .P?W?wfc"......... .
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.Q-Smd ass.'_ '1 'ffOW'td'-\1-Hrf&JC1' 1 "41t r' -s:'i! tS rMMEt-L ND AGENOY: "'KOT'NOT: ?; .

the loveliest Is the
with delicacy
TltJTKD For preserving Meats Milk, Batter, Snap, :',
bat bed with UTICUEA $EDICATEDSoU' Cider, and Fruits and Vegetables of every r
-.,1 kind in their natural state. Tasteless,Odorless

CONTROLLING Harmless.. / .Enough for five:-gallons,.by
: 'i-' "maf1.>|ri. Intelligent Agents Wanted. ;-
KING'S! A.& '

3,000,000; 'Acres '

e best eQuipped aeboolln the state aeeommodat1onJrt of the Richest. :Lands. .. 'In.' the Mate... .: --. Five Gallons delicious, sparkUojr;:
steam and lighted bT gut tem beverage. _
Arlt-clUI;heated by Mood Strengthens and pur
01111 two young ladies to the room; splendid faculty of ---r lies Its purity and delicacy commend'
0xprlrnr!' teachers Session begins 2nd Monday .. .. ,. to all.Sold by druggists ana storekeepers ererywhenwSouthern ,
; In September. For particulars or Catalogues,address I ..
Represetingall the
J" 2'FATXERSOtf,JPre,Lexington,ay L1IJkITII ,
ss. '. : **"* :;: California'RELABLE '

Disston Companies, _:. .
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Kissimmee LandnCoinpanT. f; ,: : this home of the


LJorreUted withVanaerbilt Cnirenitr D es .. BASIN GRAPE :
Florida'ILR Go's Lands
flrnUiges in ertry Pepartmetfu' Splendldnewbuild4ttt : South. Can be obtained in the old established Magazine .
:. Ample Faculty Music,ArtC5stheuica, Health.cesBibilitr. the ." .-
.,( For Catalogue address u "
iv.GEO.W.1r.. rillCK,Dd.,Prak,NwliTiUe.TeM*
-+-- ._ -- -_ -- -- ---- Consisting of beautiful Lake Fronts, High and Low Hammocks. flrstHslass' Pine Land for ,RURAL CALIFORNIAN ,-: :
range Groves,and rich reclaimed lands for garden purposes. N3; ', : .' at $1.60 'a year. Specimen copies, 15 cents -:
; ) ;
'.' ., : -.4: ; i:, oj : '.', : Sent one ALLES year on A trial GARDNER for$1. Address Publishers.,- *'-+

---STAUNTOX, TJRGDfflA.Opens .---- ,. 10 .. .
; JI .. .. .:; Los Angeles,Cal.
,;;.. ; : -: :
> Oran.g G-ro"Ves. *: Southern California Illustrate, a 75-cent;

.. f s-t .. .;'. ,..,p" ... : '. book, for 25 cents. Address as above.
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'- \ : : And Improvel-TruckFarms-( : vf; : ** .
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h'- j* *t <
f r ,.',--." "?.,4"r r \ ** .," -< "" "' "'1". .'. AND HOW TO BUILD THEM. ..
J\\ : /' .80 with estimates
cuts specifications and
TOWNXoTSJNFKlSSIMMEEj: t WEST .KISSIMMEE AND: PINEDALE.r : full description desirable modern houses,
from 4 rooms costing from $400 to $5OuO*
"e" : /'Tl' up ,
t ... "t .
to.; .t<. profusely Illustrating every detail and many .
...'" ; original ideas in regard to decorating. Homes '
,. Send for Prloe and. Description, List.: ; ,: a ]r. adapted to all climates and classes of people.. .
September atst.,1887. One of the FIRST SCHOOLS .,' '-,'. ,:.. ii.: : .: The latest best,and only cheap work o( the
FOR YOUNG LADIES tx THE UNION. All Departments : ... ". kind the world. Sent
thcrougb. Situ- : : : ,.: ; ::,.;Yi:: :' published by mall/:
Building elctriat Steam heat. Gas
light. -
dot beautiful Climate splendid. Pupils from nineteen States.: .' .. 'i ; : CANNON post paid,upon receipt of 25 cents stamps
"z ', WILLIAM : .
AU important adrintares[in "
one greatly reduced charge.Board.; : ,
Wasbin?.Lights.Eng sh.Latin French,German Music.for .... t. .. .. .ROOKLYBUILDING ASSOCIATION,
Sdiplastkver.frpmS.tpt.toJuae t260. ForCuloeuewrite
Ot1118r.WK.A. Kefet this Kissimmee' Orange.County, Fla.' Brooklyn N. Y.
; HAKiUS.D 4> President.Stauutoa.VixEi&i> to.. paper. .". .' "
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: 1itr., -. 'J.IBE FLORIDA-.'- DISPATCH.JULY_ A 25. 1887.
,Y! 11.
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:I ..I... &:.,,+'''' CENTRE: .STREET.,'.WHARF' '. : ,' ;::;, ;',,-. PIER 21, E. RIVER, Ag_z: :",' .

.. ETHU1SDAY: *.:: .

: r'''' .: """"' Lowest Bates of Freight Always Given.
'- '. .. ........ '
-.a -.a..l.:;
1 1,1, from
,, Order all your freight New YOJk.Phlladp1pMa and Boston
'"\\'t' ''' ; j .' Y via Mallory!HJd.:: : Line irum 1'ierla'rl East River,NewYorfc
:::; ,). Direct connection at Fernandlna with F.It.,&N.R7.,
I, RATES OF PASSAGE, 1 For Jacksonville and all interior points In the State.

I .

V ALWAYS THE LOWEST. This Pioneer Line offers to Floridians,the Traveling Public
., i hl I and Hhipoers ot Vegetables and Oranges the Quickest and:
Direct Line New York.
The magnificent Tron Steamships of thin Linn Only
: will sail from ,
KERNAN UlNA FLA. for 43-Through Ti-ikets and information secured in .
NEW YORK advancek.
,every Thursday even-
In Florida. State-rooms reserved
ing alter arrival of 4:30 train from J* ksonville, and evenin principal points

: South trains Florida from Cedar points.Key,Ocalo, Leesburg,Tavares, Orlando and sonville..-Trains or Frrnandloa leave F. R.office.&N. Co's Main Depot foot of Hogan
>' street.Jacksonville,at 8 80 a m and ..30pmon sailing days
RIO GRANDEM.M..M......_..._..._.. N.fTburariayJuly 14 landing passengers on Steamship's wharf, loot of Centre at.: **.
N/N NNNNNN.N.TturedayJuly! 21 Fernaodina.
RIO qRANDE.............._...._ ........' ....Thursday.July 28 by Every this attention line. The possible table is is supplied extended with passengers the best go'ng the Jtet For Tickets and State-rooms and further information ;
STATE OF TERABN'N..NN.W./NM.N.NN.NN..Thursday, August 4 New York and Florida markets afford., apply to

1 M R. W. SOUTHWiCK, Agent,Yernandlua,Fla. A. H. CRIPPEN, GenU Travllng Agent. .. ,J. M. CUTLER. Pass.Agent,75 West Bay St.,Jacksonville,Fla. *
C.H. MALLORY& OM General.!'Agents.Pier/)East'River,foot Fulton street,New York City. /, ., ,
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--Tb.! : e piC) riaiL: ] :ice p ELtoI. iliiae---:

.; With the, Magnificent Connections.

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

I. The attention of shippers 1 directed to the Plant'8. S. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and People's Line of Steamers between Sanford Pa-
latka and Jacksonville.South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S., F. A W. Ry between Jacksonville Gainesville River Junction and Savannah -
!Savannah:: and Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia, Boston and New York. The best equipped, fastest and most
I prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections

Double daily, fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup and Savannah.Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Jesup and 8a.
vannah to all In Florida fast trains both via Gainesville Jacksonville Calla-
points ; freight ,,, -
Dally fast freight all rail connection via
the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior .han and Live Oak.
.and Coast points,Including New,York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and
,Providence.' Tri-weekl service by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from.
New York(New Pier 35, North River,) direct for Savannah Tuesdays. ,Thursdays and Satur
Tri-weekly connection for New
York via the
Ocean Steamship Company,leaving Savannah -
Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays. 'the Boston and Savannah Steamship 'Company's steamers leave Boston every Thursday
Twice aweek, for Baltimore via the Merchants and Miners Transportation Company,leav- for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight training
Savannah Tuesdays and Fridays. for all points in Florida. Only direct line iron New\ England to the South. .
>Savannah Weekly connection every Thursday.for Boston via the Boston and Savannah Steamship Company. leaving- Savannah From Philadelphia direct. Ocean Steamship Co., ? 'g from Philadelphia every Saturday for

Weekly connection for Philadelphia the Ocean Steamship Comany,leaving Savannah. From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co.,two steamers per weekfrom
very Saturday Baltimore for Savannah direct making close connection with S.,F.A W.Ry for all
Balling days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. points South. *
The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and beat fast freight route from all points North, East and Westjto Florida. For full particulars rates, stencils and shipping receipts apply
to any agents of the above lines,or to WM. P. ARDEE, tien'l Freight Agent,Havannah, GaI .
I G. D. OWENS, Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON. Gent Traffic Agent,Jacksonville, Fie.
_. H. :M. BCHIJBY,Trav.Agent,Galneir lie. J.E.,DBATTON,Trav.Agent,Live Oak. J.H. STEPHENS,Agent Jacksonville.
!. .





Choice Fruit and Vegetable Lands near transportation for Investment or Cultivation. ,
Certain Market for Farm Produce: Attractive Sites for Homes; Railroad and Dally Mails.
i, Also Town Lots at San Pablo and Atlantic City on the installment Plan It! desired. Address
*- JAB M.KBKAJCKB,President,over Bank Jacksonville,or W.B. Git AN'rt. Supt., SITUATED IN THE COUNTIES OF
I S 10. Florida. .
Columbia, Bradford, Clay, Putnam, Alachua, Levy, Marion, Orange,

': FLORIDA SAVINGS BANK Sumter, Hernando! tiillsborough, Brevard!, Baker, Polk &: Manatee,

; .. Consisting of the finest'Orange,Failing Vegetable and Grazing Lands in the State of Floe '
AND ida. Price$1.25 per acre and upwards, according to location .
REAL ESTATE EXCHANGE, For further information,apply to Office Florida Southern Railway Cow,Palalka,Fla.

Has for sale choice Lota.. Orange Groves and Wild Lands. Allows interest on deposits,Collects -
-. {f Rents and Interest,Negotiates Loans,eta Chief Clerk and Cashier,Land Department. Chief Engineer and Land Commissioner.

J.'C. GRBK1VBY, President. L. B. H9fii1MFR.: (T1"f'aSl1rer. '

16 Tear Established. ,\\ BUILDING I I MATERIAL.I ...

..:.. G- S. A.IMEIrt ,
: : .

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANT FRONT PRESSED BRICK...................................................810.0O per 1000
GOOD FLUKIDA .................................................... 9.00 N
Lime,Plaster Lath,Cement,Hair,Fire,Fire Brick,Fire Slabs,Fire Mortar. *
lea Reade Street New York. ,
TYSEN SMITH 4c CO., 12 West Bay St.
Consignments Pollcited and Returns made promptly. Stencils and Market Reports fur ,
nished on application.RsTsEZNCsChatham. .
National Bank,Thurber,Whylaad k Co..,New York C Ity: a Is
tf Banks and established Produce Merchants New York,Philadelphia more and J1Mto I 8 a

: Braidentown Real Estate Agency. L 25 Q i.r o r a

'. EDGAR M. GRAMA1K, = a-=1 r.' II =_ ....1 Hox
-=ca t't 11
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Attorney at Law, Real Estate Agent and Justice of the Peace, E-t 7ft .c Ifl'
= Q
Braideatbwn, Manatee Co., Fla. --==1 (;I __ ( Yl
Will buy and sell all kinds of Real Estate on commission. Eighteen years'residence In ... I::.7 I H : J tiMd
Manatee County Personal knowledge of most of the lands throughout the county. An a Og I I
practicing Attorney and as County Judge for a number of years,I have had occasion to i .... rb.
become familiar with many titles and the County Records. Having been continuously en- ... : 0 <
gaged,all these years,In the actual cultivation of the principal fruit and vegetable product M o -cst =
of this semitropical section. gives me advantages In the selection of the various qualities of c C,)
lands suitable. Maps and Abstracts furnished, Titles examined and Deeds executed. Infoi >- -# 1i W
oration furnished.
Correspondence solicited. '
... '" :.4
-NoTK.-Braidentown is situated on the south bank of the beautiful Manatee River,about w =
tturty-flve miles south ol Tampa. Has dally service by the elegant steamer Margaret Ad n. n s
Jacent are the lovely Terra Cela, Sarasota.and Palma Sola Bays teeming with all kinds oJ : ii
fish,clams and oysters; and here on the Gulf coast are the most beautiful building sites ID t'I 4. Me.,..., f
the world, with thousands of,acres of hammock and pine lands,where tropical fruits and I -L .CO CD, Is: 'tS .
choice vegetables may be grown to perfection. t rr. "C



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'jii....!. e ( FLA., JULY 25, 1887.Citmis .,,-.r
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I such as great hardiness, favorable time the higher price, $1,000 per acre. The have grown finely and passed throughour
IOlle. of ripening. Its size is, also very favorable yield will doubtless double, if not last big freeze of January,1886,aa
... averaging 250 to 300 to the treble, the estimate, correspondingly if they rather liked the cold, not a
For the.FLORIDA: DISPATCH: I box; form is perfect,.the skin thin and augmenting the profit, which can be leaf even being curled,.much less..l lost.I .
LEMON GBOVR the lemon surpassed by none in qualityor readily computed, thus showing the budded from these trees and last
_" a quantity of juice. great profitableness of lemon culture. year had fruit, but not knowing that
Description of the.Largest Lemon During my recent trip, I had the There is always strong market for it was not fully ripe until June,' I
Gthe' State. pleasure of spending several hours lemons. gathered my Kings and tested themin
During f/ a rent pleasure tour near Crown Point,'east of Lake Apop- Nine-tenths of Mr. Kedney's trees the presence of two other orange
around Irfnd; among the lakes and ka, investigating the success of H. S. are the Villa Franca. He has some growers, on the 21st of January, of
over:tbe bills, the so-called mountainsof Kedney, of Winter Park, one of the each of Genoa, Eureka, Sicily, Bellair this year. We pronounced them only
South Central Florida, I had many. most enterprising and successful fruit Premium, Lisbon, Lamb, etc. He second rate, but as they were then
agreeable experiences and transferred growers of the State. Here he has very justly considers the Villa Francathe four months from being ripe, they
y J.. to my note book the data of many seventy acres devoted to lemons, and most desirable lemon for cultiva- were certainly very far superior to
.,. facts that are, it seems to me, of great twenty acres to orange culture,making tion, as it possesses the most desirable what any other orange under the circumstances -
interest to all.residents of Florida and him one of: if not the greatest lemon qualities of the fruit as regards size, would have been; that is
particular) BO to all interested in the lemon in, the State. He has 7,000 juiciness, thinness of skin, deliciousness -, to say, four months from maturity,the
glorious and rapidly hastening future trees and 2,000 orange, trees of of flavor, hardiness to withstand ,description of both tree and fruit is
ot our fair, healthful, balmy and deli the choicest varieties. They present a frosts and freezes, and early ripening. precisely like the account given by
cious State whose wonderful possibilities beautiful sight; indeed, one well calc In a succeeding! article I will give the Mr. Phelps. I have written this full
are but just beginning to be .even lated Jx cheer the heart of any, "if, process qf curing, etc. and particular account, so that any of
dimly realized: but the merest trace such there be, who are despondent of SHERMAN ADAMS. my statements can be verified by application -
1 of its magnificent,. future having yet Florida's glorious futur .-. A look at to any or all of the persons
been perceived.In these beautiful lemon trees, almost as For the FLORIDA DISPATCH : whose names I have quoted, thinking
this article I will note but one handsomely shaped as the orange,their The King Orange. from the Navel muddle, that one of
of the many sources of future wealthin branches laden with a handsome crop In your issue of the 11th in st., I no- these days it may be desired to be enabled .
the State, viz: Lemon culture. of perfectly shaped fruit just beginningto tice a letter from the Rev. Lyman to trace with absolute certainitythe "t
Though many of our most earnest and assume the first shade of its goldenhue of Sanford in which he history of an orange that it is .extremely -

intelligent citizens have for several ; and the reflection that they will Phelps, says probable will be a very val- .
years been experimenting with lemons have been picked and shipped duringthe "that he had received from C E. Cut ,uable addition to our citrus fruits. To
and endeavoring to determine the va- two remaining months of summer, ter of California, a very handsome prevent my being written to for trees-
rieties best adapted to our soil and bringing the very highest possible prices orange called the King, and 'that he budded from the two original trees, I
climate, the proper modes of cultiva- is well calculated to inspire both confidently expected to show the fruit would state that I have made an
tion, the time of gathering the fruit the aesthetic and the practical side. of two years from the coming winter, arrangement with a well known nursery -
and its proper treatment to prepare it human nature. possibly a year from next summer, firm by which they secure all my
for market, their efforts have thus far I find that the trees are set 20x20 'and that the orange was importedfrom available buds and I have thereforenone
failed to awaken the interest in lemon feet in quincunx style, and learn that Cochin China, by Dr. R. Ma- to dispose of.
culture as a source of profitable revenue they have been planted out but fouror gee, of California, etc." JNO. CARVILLE STOVIN.
that the importance of the subject five years, and.all have b budded, It is really surprising how little our Winter Park Fla.,July. 4 18th 1887.
justly demands. Yet, the growth of on orange stock. Of the 7,000, lemon orange growers know of what is being For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
lemons is soon to be, if I can rend trees some bloomed last year, yieldinga done by others, even in their own The Fungoid Disease.A .
aright the signs of the times, one of few boxes that were picked and county, for I fruited this orange last DeLand writes
the most important and profitable shipped to New York, yielding an year. In the summer of 1882 I saw correspondent :
fruits grown in South Florida.. average of $5.50 per .box above all a notice in a California newspaper "What is your opinion of the fungoid
Since the great freeze of January, expenses of pickipg, shipping, curing, that Dr. Magee, of Riverside, had imported disease that has been playing such
1886, that killed to the ground the boxing, etc. the King"from Cochin China, havoc with our orange trees? Are
greater por.tion of the native lemon' The averageprice of lemdns: summer and that ad the trees had cost him so aware of the fact that it has at
trees and many of the budded varieties is from $4 to*Sl'O'per box. This large a sum, he was anxious to sell you
tacked lemons and the Satsuma
especially those budded on native year the yield of this grove is estimated some of the imported trees. On the
lemon stocks,- the impression has .become at 1,000 boxes or more. That is 24th of August, 1882, I wrote to the orange? I gather from a remark in
very general that the lemon is the main' crop, and I noted three distinct Doctor, enclosing him fiVfe dollars and the DISPATCH that you believe it to be
too unreliable to be cultivated with a settings of fruit on the same requesting him to send me by mail, as disappearing. Such is not the casein,
certainty of profit. Yet, every now trees, besides fresh blooms, which many of the buds of the "King" as he this locality. In judgment it is a
and then we learned from Individuals will give an additional yield in the could afford to do for that sum, and my
i and occasional paragraphs in the pub- autumn and winter. Mr. Kedney asking at the same time what he serious matter. It makes me tired to
lie press that there were varieties of shipped a few boxes last winter without would charge me for two of the origi- look at the fruit on my lemon trees."
lemons, notably the Villa Franca, treating that brought him $4.50 nal importation, delivered at the The ravages to which our correspondent -
that were unharmed by frost or freeze, per box. They were of the second express office. On the 21st day of refers are caused, according to our
scarcely dropping a leaf while native September,1882,I received some buds insect
entomologist, by an a speciesof
lemons and many other varieties of crop.Many of the people of this section the exact number of which I now for
the budded lemons were either killed thought it great folly for Mr. K. to go get, but think about seven or eight, tetranychus. Until recently its at-
outright or so severely crippled by so extensively; into lemon culture, and and.asking, so very large an amount tacks have been confined to the sour
frost or freeze that their value was predicted his failure. But he is.a for original trees that I abandonedthe orange; but more recently it seems to
problematical.The clear-headed, far-sigh man, and has desire of purchasing them, until I have attacked other citrus fruits.
Villa Franca, then, is emphatically thus far made a grand success in all discovered that through the influenceof While at Gardenia a short time since,
the lemon of the present, and his enterprises, having made numbersof Bishop Whipple, of Minnesota,
bids fair to be the favorite of the very valuable groves. Fargo & Wells]] offered to transporttwo Maj. O. P. Rooks showed us some
future. It is propagated by budding, With regard to the profitableness of trees for me at half the ruling of the Satsuma fruit badly affected' :
and is proven to be the most hardy, lemon culture, he reasons in this wise: rates. Upon this I wrote, ordering the The insect seems to have a special liking -
prolific and profitable when buddedon It is not the bulk of the crop per acre trees, and received a letter from Dr. for this fruit. In our issue of
orange stocks. It also ripens its that determines its profitableness, but Magee, dated at Riverside, November28th June 20th Mr. Kells of Citra
fruit in July and August, thus givingto the net cash returns after deducting 1882, informing me that he had reports .
the fruit grower the advantage of all expenses. At the lowest' stimatethe shipped to me at Sanford two trees of that it has attacked severely the sweet
marketing his crop at the season of trees will average one or two boxes the original importation. These trees orange trees and fruit in that locality.
the year when the markets are almost each in a few years. One box to reached Sanford on the 18th of De- Our remark about the disappearanceof
bare of citrus fruits, when the hot the tree gives 100 boxes per acre. The cember, 1882, and Mr. VanDeman, this pest referred simply to our
season produces the greatest demand, lemons in summer net $4 to $10 per the express agent was paid twenty- with it stocks
and consequently when the very box. At,$4 per box and only a box five dollars and thirty five cents for experience upon sour .
highest prices are secured. The Villa (250 to 300 lemons) to each tree, the carriage alone, this being exactly the and our observation in the various

Franca possesses' superior.. : ..; advantages,," nett income is $400 per, acre; at $10- I. ,: half of the.regular, rate..' These trees nurseries in the State. Its appearance



E ,

.. ,
: 616 'II' f 'i( ;i;:, '-"" =THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.' -- -, fJULY 25, 1887.

, .*
, to the sweet orange* and i* lemon trees paper. Mr.Moore says"sulphur is the at Riverside, California, is a prolific harm to the tree, but it makes a sour

But bearer. There is no use to make a tree look tired and sick.
is more serious and may give trouble. remedy. my tree was so large, very
,. Regarding this insect Mr. H. G.. and the decay had gone so far,that: I great hurrah and boom the particularstock Stick to the New OrleansCaliforniabusiness.
did not see how I could make its ap of this variety grown there, andit Do you know, so boldly have
Hubbard, of Crescent City, Fla., late plication effective. If: as Mr. Moore is a great injustice to nurserymenand they lied, and so persistently have

entomological agent for the Depart- says, the decay is owing to a funguson growers in other sections to do so. they stuck to it, that four-fifths even

ment of Agriculture, says: the smaller limbs, I thought that There are, no doubt some who honestly of the people ,Florida believe that

The new' orange pest is a very small, by cutting back the tops very freely I believe that Riverside enjoys the they'took ,th, largest award at New
should of the diseased of but Orleans. Our have been mod-
cut away most possession a superior variety, papers
light colored mite not easily
. 'with a magnifyer., It lives seen and except parts, and I did so. My tree is now they are greatly mistaken. I hopewe est and retiring long! enough.I .
destitute of and out of this in good uouch for word Senator
breeds on the underside of the leaves foliage, presents onlyits may get tangle can every
bare arms in its distress. I now order soon, but ignorance and selfish- Williams said in his letter about the
where its globular eggs may be seen intend to wash the bark of the entire ness are very prevalent. It might, be quality of the California Ravels sent to
in scattered attached to the
surface. The groups mite is closely relatedto tree with some solution, and may then well for you to publish the note (I en- him inTallahassee., I had the "ating"
dust the bark with This is close ) 62 of June of few of them and
the common "red spider Tetrany sulphur. a copy on page num- a they are*commonplace -
"heroic treatment' Whether it will ber of Pacific Fruit Grower regardingthe compared with no end of our
chub telarius and is probably an un-
the remains be I fear of this in The California
save tree seen. shy bearing orange oranges. papers are
described species of the same
genus. There indications of kind Southern Prince of Liars and have
not. are a verily, they ,
Its habits are similar to those of the California."A
of blood poisoning. Sores have brokenout JOLLY TAR." their. reward.
red spider. The remedy is sulphur
the trunk where it divides C. F. A. BIELBY.
on just The following is the note referredto
which is best applied with viscid
DeLand Fla., 16, 1887. 4
small July
into branches.
They are as yet, Fruit Grower .
liquid in the form of spray. Whale- from the Pacific :
and I shall the diseased wood
cut out
oil soap solution is an excellent medium "It has been found that Navel
and bark. The disease is evidently in Recovering.The .
in which to apply the sulphur, trees in Southern California
orange ,
the top, not the roots. The latter seem alarm caused by the new "Tre-
8.S it is itself insecticide
a powerful do not increase in their bearing capacity -
to be trying to force into the I to state has
and 'moreover causes the sulphur sap up Mediterranean tanychus, am pleased ,
as rapidly as Seedlings or
tree, but there is no circulation, and subsided. trees which
gradually My '
o contained in the solution to adhere to Sweets, and there is likely tobe
this growing energy is forcing shoots were so badly affected, have com-
the leaves. The eggs of the mite are. something of a revulsion of feelingin
not' killed by the mixture, but the sulphur out along the trunk. If anybody can I favor of the two latter." menced putting out a strong vigorous
., remaining on the leaves will kill throw any further light on the case, or growth of summer wood, and the leavesat
explain the cause, I should be glad to 4 present show little if any signs of its
the mites as they hatch. The whale-
A Good Word For the Navel
hear from him columns.I .
your attack.I .
oil solution should not be less
am inclined to think that the diseaseis Orange. have to report the trees in the
than of of
a pound to
one-quarter soap
ono gallon of water. One pound of one of the secondary effects of "the Three years ago I purchased a transplant of this grove (the Crescent),

sulphur will suffice for five gallons of great freeze ;" and yet there were grove which contains between sixty of which there are nearly 50 acres, are

the liquid. other trees that were more badly frozen and seventy Navel orange trees, putting on an unprecedented summer

The mite will cease to give troubleas and are not so affected. Orange trees and was advised by several old growth ; and that nearly two-thirds

soon as the rains begin, but if dry are a mysterious thing,anyway. When orange growers to bud them with show more or less bloom. Some trees
weather continues much damage will you think you understand their habits other varieties, as they were too shy are literally decked out in white.
be done. and mode of living, they take away all bearers to be profitable.The Our Navels, of which we have some

Its presence on the tree may be your conceit and surpise you by some trees were among the most 8 or 10 (not to be outdone), are show-

known by the leaves turning yellow new and unexpected manifestation.J. thrifty in the grove. I determined to ing a good display of bloom, which,

and dropping from the branches. The WILLIS WESTLAKE.Lake test their value by a few years' trial, with the fruit they already carry

leaves when first affected show from Helen. Fla.,J uly 15,1887. a conclusion that experience has would indicate to us that they are

the upper side, a line of yellow spots S4 proved to have been a wise one. Dur-. likely to prove very prolific.
along the midrib; On the other side, For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: ing the three years, of my ownershipthese Until the Navel controversy is endedwe

the portions of the leaf attacked become THE WASHINGTON NAVEL. trees have been among the most will remain content to call them
prolific in and now are Orange Lakeside.
my grove
soiled the accumulated
by excreta Is it a Prolific Bearer in California?
of the mites, and their cast skins loaded with fruit of splendid size and A. S. KELLS.
remain after the mites themselves I think you are about right as to appearance. A visit to my grove will Citra,July 17. .

have left; the leaf.: the certainty of Florida's having the convince any one that I have no trees A Summer Crop of Oranges.

Like the "red spider," this mite Washington Navel just as true and more valuable.As Since the rainy season has set in, a
about as early as Riverside or any to the cause of this success, the
thrives only in dry weather, and continued good many orange trees in this vicin-
rains will cause it to disappear.It other place in California. secret lies in the fact that my Navelsare ity and on the pine lands of Sumter
Mr. S B.. Parsons in his last letter with six of other
interspersed acres
is not a pest that has come to stay, have bloomed in full. The same phe-
although it is capable of doing much on the subject of oranges in your paper, varieties: The Navel orange is defi- nomenon has occurred in other sec-

harm while it remains., Its prevalencethis really says very little that is not in cient in pollen, and if planted by them- tions of the orange belt, notably at

year is probably due to the debil-- his own opinion (so expressed) very selves fail to set their fruit; but if intermixed Orlando. About Bamboo, Wild Wood

itating effect of the severe frost of the uncertain. He. seems quite certain with other trees will proveto and Oxford, in Sumter, the trees

past winter upon the trees. Young that the. orange called "Parson's Na- be as prolific as can be desired. It which are in bloom are old ones which
and vigorous trees are consequently vel" is the one he got from Mr. Rivers, may be that there is some choice in the for some reason failed to bloom in the A

less liable to attack than older trees, of England. Of course there is a bare varieties to be relied on as fertilizer, spring.Representative. *
possibility that Mr. Rivers might have hence I will state that my trees are M. W. of
although none are entirely exempt. Chapman,
S4 imported from Brazil the same variety principally mixed with Nonpareil, Sumter, whose trees are covered with
that Mr. Saunders, of the Agricultural Magnum Bonum and Stark's Favorite.I .
For. the FLORIDA DISPATCH. : blooms, told this scribe that fruit from
Department, got from there. But I invite a visit from the doubters of these blossoms would stand the coming
The "New Disease. the culture and trial of these two the profitableness of the Navel orange.S. winter better than the natural fruit,

The'disease described by your East, stocks in Florida does not produce the Dyer, in Oitra Era. and would remain on the trees and
Coast correspondent in your paper of same amount and character of fruit it >-*-.
ripen in May, thus giving a summer
June 20th, and explained by Rev.T. is evidence that such a supposition as For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:
of that would sell for
W. Moore in the following number, to their identity is a mistake. The Fungoid Disease-The California crop oranges
fancy prices. Mr. Chapman, who hasa
has attacked one of my trees-a fine Mr. Parsons' statement,. or rather Navels.
old tree some ten or twelve inches in supposition, that the "Ormond Prize The fungoid disease, I have been as.. splendid grove at Bamboo, says he
has had a few trees to do this be-
diameter the base and Navel" is be of the he sured the .. way
apparently or may variety by Department at Washing
fore, and that he wishes all of his trees
healthy until within a day or so. The gave Mr. Atwood, is only a surmise, ton is! not caused by an insect. When
would do the same thing
entire foliage wilted as if suffering. And in this connection it may be I was it determined that it is so? In a, as it would enable him every to realize year,

from drought. I mentioned it to an proper to consider Lyman Phelps I most elaborate examination of leaves I twice as much on winter fruit.-

old orange grower, and he said : "Oh,, statement in your issue of June 6th,, and twigs sent by me to them, they. Broohville News.
that will come out all right," Afterwards "that Mr. Atwood got buds from Mrs pronounced it a purely fungoid growth, .

I showed it to other orange;! Anderson and that they originally, This was over a year, ago. If it is an Capt. B. M. Simms, who had a

culturists (we need a new word here came from Washington." Thus we: insect why are we fib helpless before it \? tract of forty acres, of which thirty

orangeists: or something like it), but et see that there is at l least equal reason It has not attacked the sweet orange I was covered with orange groves from

nobody could tell me what was the to suppose that. the "Atwood Navel'' tree or fruit here, and I can imagineno I eight to fourteen years old, sold the

matter, nor what to do. Mr. Moore'.: is Washington Navel or Bahia.I place where its attacks on the SOU. same a short time since for the sum of

letter seems to explain it, and this f am not by any means sure thai t have been worse, though, as a matte $30,000. He had resided at South.
shows the'value of a good agricultural the Washington Navel, as.it is growi of fact, it seems to do no' permanent t; Apopka seventeen years.

...- .


"" ,, <
.. ,
'jII'i":\ .
,.,.,.. .



tJ. ; >.. .-. ':---t! .. ". t...... '. .... ;..1 in ... i.

better varieties are secured. This is We have strong faith in the old roots of the wild Bullace. The grafts
'Orchard the plan upon which all good varietiesof Spanish-Indian seedling peaches as used were 'various kinds of Vinifera.
the peach, suited .to a particular being qualified to make the lower mostly Black Hamburg. They ,all
SPANISH PEACHES. region of country and climate are ob- South a great peach country, if properly took and are growing finely.. Later,
tained : First find a strain that is per looked after. If they had not some three or four weeks since, I bud-
A New Race for the Lower South-- fectly hardy there, and bears plentyof have been suited to, this country they ded some large Scuppernong: vines,
Alabama Falls into Line with fruit (even though the fruit be not would not now be here, surely. For with eye buds of Black Hamburg,
Florida and Texas. of first-class: quality), and then ;improve near three hundred years, proba ly, Muscat Frontignan,Muscat Hamburgand
The marked success tbi::l attended by selection and intelligent cul they have withstood the brunt of all other varieties; nearly every bud
recent efforts to grow improved peachesin kinds of rough usage without any took. In one scuppernong vine
Florida and Texas, by introducing ture.The old seedling peach trees of the signs of giving out of themselves.. about one inch or more in diameter I
varieties from countries where similar lower South, that once bore so abund- Modern horticultural "progress" has set five buds of Black Hamburg
conditions of soil and climate exist, antly, and were of such long life, and lately dealt them a staggering, blow, They all took and ten days after budding
and more especially by the develop- which still bear abundantly where met but the returning good sense of the I girdled the vine, taking a deep
ment of native seedlings, has created with, under so much as half showing, people would seem to indicate that a ring out of the wood, nearly cutting
a stir in the Gulf States, and the seem to be of a strain entirely different resuscitation is near at hand for them, the vine off above the bud. At this
probabilities are that our Gulf coast from that of the trees cultivated at the and that they are.soon to have .a. bet- time the buds are all well out and
. neighbors will not be slow to emulate North. The) were evidently of Spanish ter day than any enjoyed by them in growing finely, and the top of the
the progressive fruit growers of these origin. The history of their intro- the past. They are not only to supply Scuppernong is still green. I shall
two s uthernmost States. In this duction is a blank. When white people us with plenty of fruit, as they did cut it entirely off in a few days, when
connection, Prof. J. P. Stelle, agricul-- began settling up this country our fathers and grandfathers, but good the buds get out about a foot. Someof
tural editor of the Mobile Register, plenty of peaches were found in .cultivation -' fruit ; as good as people have in any'' them I budded I cut entirely .off,
says : among the Indians. The FLORIDA other section of the country. Thereis and I find they do not bleed to any
In days of yore the settled portionsof DISPATCH is of the opinion that no guess work about thisFloridais extent. G. H. NORTON.
most parts of Texas had plenty of they must have been brought there by proving it up to us by actual test. EustIs, Fla., July 17th,1887. <
peaches, and some of them were decidedly the early Spanish explorers, which is These old Spanish seedlings claim the We do not think our correspondent:
fine, so the older citizens tellus. highly probable, as the peach has attention of her intelligent people, and has quoted us accurately' if we remember -
Of course they were seedlings, never been found as an indigenous they are at. work on them, meetingwith aright, we did not say the
and since a seedling depends whollyon growth in any part of America. From splendid success, all the time. Japan Persimmon would not be pro -
chance for its quality, when it these peaches of the Indians our old- Texas is beginning to imitate her example agnted by budding, but that it was'
comes into bearing, there were no fashioned seedlings sprung, a source and is meeting with equal suc I difficult to do so, or at least, that as a
named varieties as we now have, when from' which they have continued downto cess. Shall Alabama remain idle in general thing a very small per cent. of
by budding or grafting we may propagate t the present day. a matter of so very much importance! ? the buds Jived. We are glad to know,
a kind to any extent we choose. I True, all our seedlings. of to-day are We have the old Spanish seedlings, that Mr. Norton has been successfulin
Likely, as supposed of the old seedling' not of this Indian origin. When the the same as they have in Florida and this way of "working" the persimmon. -
peaches of Alabama, Georgia and' fine Northern varieties were ,floated Texas. Is it possible that we have not We do not see, however, that his
Florida, they were of Spanish origin.. into this country on the wave of a the requisite sense ,to make Alabamaa method differs from that generallytried
This was known to be so in their case, nurseryman's "boom" they bore some peach State by selecting and propa- except possibly in the matter of
the seeds having been first planted at fruit, and it was natural enough that gating the best of them as the other removing the wood. We should liketo
the early missions. And since the people getting hold of this fruit should State named are doing? hear from others who have success-
old Texas seedlings of this region, the plant the seeds, consequently it is but ---.---- fully propagated the persimmon by
fact stands strong in the proof of the reasonable to suppose that a large percent For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: bud or graft.-ED. Dis.
Spanish origin of our old-fashioned of our modern seedlings are of Budding the Japan Persimmon, ._o-. .
seedlings. Northern parentage, especially in the Grafting Grapes.
Japan Chestnut and English Wal-
In time the modern nurseryman i thickly settled and most progressive Some months ago, in looking over nut.
struck Texas he struck of section. In these the editorial columns of the DISPATCH
as Alabama, portions our sec- Knowing that variety is the spice ofa
with his picture books and oily say tions the heads of the people were so I found the following statement which as well as life, will give
ings, and Texas invested largely in the turned by the blow over what the fine seemed to me somewhat remarkable. newspaper readers a chapter of my short'experience .
so-called five named peaches of the fruits from the North were going to "The Japan Persimmon cannot be your with the Japan chestnut
North, usually propagated at some do for everybody, that they took it on propagated by budding. The flow of One last spring I bought two
Southern nursery. Her old seedlings the"whole hog" principle and grubbedup sap is so great that the buds are invariably trees,year which ago cost 60c. each. They
were neglected and allowed to go under, their old seedlings. As a result, drowned out." I quote from came by mail, and were nine inches
or else were destroyed outright, and- while there are evidently still plentyof memory and may not have the exact long, measuring top and roots. I got
well it's the oft-told tale. Texas the old be words but the idea
Spanish seedlings to expressed was exactly five grafts from them, which I put in
speedily waxed into a bad peach country found here, the most promising sections :- the same. The statement seemed native roots. I have just measuredthe
,.and for the life of them the peo. in which to look for them lie in remarkable to me from the fact thatI best graft, it is now, July 18th,
pIe couldn't tell the cause of it. There the settled, out'of the-way regions, have been propagating Japan Per- seven feet six: inches high, and four
f didn't seem to be any change in either where the people have not been ex simmons for the last five or six years, and three-fourths inches in circumference -
climate or soil, yet peaches were a tensively affected by the "progressive entirely by budding on native stocks.I at the ground, with a fair top,
\ failure all the time right where peaches waY of modern civilization." On grow the stocks from seed in nurseryrows and seems in perfect health. The best
had been a very fair success no great some of the "old] fogy" placer in these the same as peach. Seeds grownin of the two original trees is three and a
number of years before. regions seedling trees are still living winter if well attended can, manyof half feet high,and three inches aroundat
But at last Texas took the hint ; that were bearing fruit anterior to the them, be budded the following August the
ground, showing conclusively
like Florida, she is discarding' the beginning of our unfortunate Northern and topped, making a fine that they do much better on our native -
Northern peaches and turning her at- peach boom. We know of trees growth;: of bud; others can be dormant chinquepin than on importedroots.
tention to the old seedlings. Among in some of the counties of Alabama, budded in September or October, and I have now from the small
her citizens taking a deep interest in b }trdering the black belt on the south, the smallest the following spring and! little than
trees, got a more a ,
the new movement is Mr G. Onder- that are fully fifty years old. These summer. I bud exactly as I do the three hundred trees growing year on ago.all
donk. A paper from him published in belong to the old SpanishIndianstrain orange except that the wood is native stocks. Some of the best of
the last FLQJUDA DISPATCH (here of course. On other places in removed. They bud readily from this last spring grafts are better than
follows Mr. Onderdonk's interesting such regions the younger seedlings early in March to October, but take the original trees set a last spring.I .
article in our issue of the 27th ult.) have sprung from similar old trees, as best when the sap first starts in would like to know year what success
Prof. Stelle continues : Doubtless:: the the people will be able to establish, no the stocks, at which time buds of ,the of Florida subscribers have
old fashioned native seedlings offer ,us peaches or seeds having ever been previous year's growth must be used had any with your the English walnut.I .
the best and most direct road to the brought from other localities and and set with the wood in. I generally few and
seta tw< ,
steady attainment of an important suc- planted there. And it does one goodto get about the same per cent. to live I number one years last spring.ago quitea Theyare
cess in making the lower South a great hear the old folks talk !bout the do of orange buds. Last spring I not doing year well at all, and some
peach country. They have been withus peaches they had. In the reach of tried grafting a little, but out of about have died entirely. I intend to get
always, so to speak, and hence all their memory there were trees here three hundred only one graft took.I the nuts and give them a trial this fall
l left for us to do in their case is to select and there whose fruit was a marvel to have several times noticed the I think they should be planted where;
really good varieties from them and think of, but when the trees bearingthe statement that the various sorts of they are to grow. Could you tell me
propagate. And when we have phenomena lived out a natural bunch grapes could not be worked on if they are near kin to do
life and died that the last of it the Vitis RotundifoIia Bullace family enougn
made choice of and begun to grow was or grafted on our common black walnutor
these varieties keep on planting seeds no effort at continuing .the kinds by of grape. Last spring a friend ,of bi korv. J. M. Moss."
and still choosing the best until even propagation having been made mine dug up and grafted about fifty Green Core Springs,July 19,1881.

.t >.: '=THE FLORIDA; DISPATCH--- [JULY 25,1887.

.. .,," "
tain sand may contain a fair per cent. growth which the plant makes in goingto of the humus and builds in a few
The FaFIIl. of potash, phosphorus and lime ele- ; seed and to make the seed itself. months a mass of food laden cells, relying
ments in great demand by growing In like manner,the cells of the orange little on its leaves, but more
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: plants. In its natural state the air leaves contain an aromatic oil,the cells on the labor of the oak, which has,
;"HOW PLANTS GROW. enters the soil with difficulty, and the of all leaves have the green coloring through many years, and with milesof
decomposition progresses rather slowly, chlorophyl, and the cells of the grow rootlets and square rods of foliage,
The Structure of Soils and Princi- but when the farmer stirs it up with ing bush and live wood the sap. The collected the nitrogen from the rain,
ples of Plant Nutrition. plow and hoe, the air and sunshineare cells of hard-wood trees contain little the carbon from the air, and the min-
First, to consider the soil in which admitted and the elements are grains of mineral elements, such as eral from the soil, and stored them
the plant The mineral part is freed more rapidly. Then, perhaps,he 'potash, lime, etc., and while these away in the earth. As we mentioned
grows sprinkles on a little land plaster,phos- have no apparent connection with the before, almost any foreign matter will
really ground up rocks, pulverized by phate or ashes. These are also affected structure of the substance, they are absolutely tend to fertilize a soil, especially one
the action of water or by internal decomposition by the air and moisture, and in their essential to the life and naturally rich in humus. But most
,and embraces sands, clays turn act directly upon the soil, hastenits growth of the tree. This is one way in of our poor sands require a fertilizer
and gravels. To this class practically combinations and changes and which the orange tree uses up so much which shall be at the same time a
belong the shells and coral land, hence its solubility. Thus, by apply. lime and potash, besides what it puts manure or plant food. Thus we want
which, though of animal origin are ing land plaster, sulphate of lime, he into the fruit, storing it away as a what will supply ammonia,potash,etc., .
really mineral. The other constituentof may indirectly supply his plants with backbone in every cell of fine healthy as well as what will render that element -
the soil is produced by the decay of potash and phosphorus from the sand wood it makes. The roots draw up already in the soil available. f-
plants and is called humus, it embraces and with nitrogen from the humus, water [H. 2 0.] from the soil, and the And in feeding the plants care must""
muck, leaf mold and in generalthe though none of these elements were leaves absorb corbonic acid gas [C.O.2] be taken not to do more harm than .
dark ingredient in the soil. contained in the plaster. This is the from the air, and combining these good. On a light soil a hard wood
Lands are pulverized rocks which were true fertilizing action of fertilizers, elements liberate the surplus oyx- tree, if supplied with a superabundance -
largely composed of silica. The white entirely apart from their manuring gen from the Cellulose composedof of ammonia, will form a great
ocean sand is nearly mire silica, while value as food for plants. all these elements. Thus the plant quantity of protoplasms, which will
the red, yellow and brown found inland There seems to be an intangible, furnishes oxygen for the animal who set to work to build up great struct-
contain lime, sulphur, alumina, unexplainable something-a power, a inhales oxygen, and who exhales it ures of cells, and these will eventually
phosphorus, iron, potash, soda, and in force, be it chemical, mechanical or in the form of carbonic acid. Cellu- become sickly and die away for lack
fact nearly all the common elementsin magnetic-about the living rootlet lose is also drawn up by the roots in of a sufficient supply of mineral, back-
greater or less proportions. Clay which acts in an inexplicable manner the form of soluble humus. But the bone. But if the soil is rich in hu-
is a silicate of alumina, and is like upon the soil. Not only does the leaves have not the power to absorb mus or minerals there will be liber-
sand, charged in varying proportionswith mere presence of a living rootlet in the abundant nitrogen in the air ated by the fertilizing action of the am-
other elements. Shells, marl itself hasten the process of change in which is essential to the formationand monia and will support the growth.For .
and coral, are nearly pure carbonateof the soil, but it attracts and collects growth of the life germ-proto- example, take an orange tree on
lime. A loamy soil is one which about it both moisture and the soluble plasm ; neither have the roots, nor, in light land and another on strong soil,
contains a certain per cent. of clay, substances which it requires from sur- fact, any part of the plant, for the both fertilized with cotton seed meal
say twenty-five or thirty, with its sand ; rounding parts with which it has no atmospheric nitrogen is inert. Only (rich in ammonia). In the one case we
and very few clays, no matter how immediate contact. The elements the electric spark has power to have a rapid unhealthy growth and
stiff, are free from the omnipresentsand which have once formed part of a liv- awaken it into life and bring it into subsequent ; dieback in the other, a
though as we all know such a ing organism are much more readily the reach of living organisms. The rapid healthy growth without the after '
thing as a sand free from clay is by assimilated by growing plants. Hence, lightning flash passing through the symptoms. But in any event, it is bet-
no means uncommon. A Calcareous the growth and death of plants bene- watery vapor in the cloud mingledwith ter to apply the fertilizer in the proportions
soil is one containing lime, usuallya fits the soil ; and this leads to a new the atmospheric nitrogen, causesa required by the plant, as it
carbonate and generally of animal subject, combination of nitrogen and hydro- will tend to prevent the early ex-
origin in this section. The vegetable drogen, [N. H. 4.] which is the haustion of the soil. Hammocksoils
ingredient, humus, consists of carbon, HOW PLANTS LIVE AND GROW. gaseous alkaloid ammonia. Ammoniais for many years after clearing do
oxygen and hydrogen, or water and The active principle of all life is a soluble in water, and being not require additional ammonia,as they
charcoal It is formed of decayed jelly-like substance cell: protoplasm, brought down by the rain drops::, contain a great deal to begin with,
vegetable tissue, and hence contains composed of oxygen, hydrogen, car- reaches the rootlets in every shower and the humus has a tendency to absorb -
just the elements for forming new bon and nitrogen. This if necessaryto (and in every dew as well). Nitrogenmay and hold that brought down by
vegetable tissue. But it must have life and growth, and is contained in be found, and often is, in humus the rain. Unless heavily croppedwith
passed through a certain amount of the seed, with other substances. The animal remains, stored up by rapidly growing plants a fer-
decomposition or change before it can first growth begins by each little glo- other organisms, and often oc tilizer rich in phosphorus and potashis
be assimilated by the roots of the bule of protoplasm taking of the food curs in the form of nitrates, as well as the most economical and satisfac-
plants. This process produces car- about it in the seed and forming a coat- ammonia compounds, formed by tory in the long run, though almost
bonic acid gas and humic, ulmic and ing around it composed of carbon, oxy- the reactions and counter reactions of anything will make things grow. In
apocrenicacids, slightly different formsof gen and hydrogen; the little box thus going on in the soil, but it was all striking contrast to the cabbage comes
humus, and all available. Sour formed is called a cell, and the substance originally brought down by the thun- the pineapple. This is an air plant, f
muck contains too great an excess of of which it is built is cellulose. derbolt. _So the growth and decay of which under cultivation bears a large ",
. these acids, which must be neutralizedby Then the protoplasm leaves the cell the plants upon a soil always tends to and luscious fruit, but which will growon t.
the action of the air or by an alkali and often enlarging and dividing into add its nutritive elements by catchingand the forest sands and depends on j
before plants can grow in it, and two or more globules commences new fixing the volatile ammonia air and water for its sustenance. Butan ..f.
peaty muck is such as has not yet decayed cells adjoining the first, and thus the before the sun can drive it off again, artificial supply of nitrogen on the
sufficiently to furnish much of plant is built up. Starch sugar. and and by seizing the carbon from the poor soil will assist the plant in enlarging -
any of these compounds. By the cellulose are all composed of the same air and storing it away in like man- its spread of foliage, and hence the
chemical action of the air, the rain elements and are virtually the same ner. For example of this principle, amount of material it can collect and
and the sunshine, both the humus and thing under different forms. Thus, note the beneficial effects of growingand store up against the time of fruiting.But .
the minerals are gradually decomposing strange as it may seem, wood and turning under green crops, as for all fruits require potash to bringout
and changing, and the products of cotton, straw and hemp, paper and example, the cow pea. It is possiblefor sweetness and flavor, and hence a
one decomposition act and react on muck are all one and the same sub- plants to live in pure sand upon little potash just at the time of bear
others, and the originals, rendering, stance-cellulose. In the firm wood air and water, in fact, upon a porcelainslab ing will improve the quality of the apple
soluble and available] the elements of the cells are long, thick-walled and suspended in the air, as do some though cotton seed meal was all
the soil. So the carbonic acid gas, closely packed together, while in the air plants. But the majority require that was required to secure the size of
evolved by the decaying humus in its tender leaves they are round, thin and a soil at least moderately sup- the fruit.
nocent state decomposes= the clay and heaped together in the loosest manner. plied with all the mineral elements, In our deep sandy soil with no clay or
the sand and liberates the silica, alu- This material forms the whole sub while many require for a healthy, hardpan a soluble fertilizer to
mina, starch, etc., and the rootlet stance of vegetation, practically, while vigorous.growth humus, plant food leach through beyond the read of
appropriates what it wants before theycan the other materials,which are of greater prepared and stored ready for use. shallow rooted trees and plants beforeit
enter into new combinations.Thus value as food for animals, are stored Under cultivation, man, by stirringthe can be fertilized,and hence the value
as we diversify the constituentsof within these cells or among them. soil to make it fertile, by manur- frequent and light applications or
the soil we give food for more varied Thus, the cells of the apple are filled ing and removing all thriving weeds, substances which will become gradu-
combinations and multiply the differ- with luscious juices, and the cells of has educated his pets to store up the ally soluble. Substances of mineral
ent reactions, thus adding to the quan- the cabbage leaf and beet roots are greatest quantity of the most nutritious origin are neither as active fertilizersas
tity of the elements which will be free stored with nutritious substances to pubtances in the shortest time. The cabbage ( we have before stated) or availa-
and soluble at a given time. A cer- furnish nourishment for the rapid simply takes up the soluble parts ble manures as those of organic origin.G18 ,



_, "
H '
: "

JULY 25, 1887.' ] > ___=: -nm''riORIDADisPATc -i 6i9 '

though the chemic analyses show soming but none bore any fruit except the.Cuthberib variety. The vines immediately -

them to contain the larger per cent of a.lfden. those that were planted just above the put out leaves and fruit, .; ,

the valuable elements. Thus we pre- water-sub Irrigation.) and in a very short time the berries .>,

fer bone meal, dried fish and muck Market Gardening.Market We have had about one dozen of the were ripe enough to eat. They were ,

for a light sandy soil, to soluble phosphate fruit, some nearly as large as a goose unusually large and possessed an excellent '
and soluble potash, and bone gardening is one of the most egg. I send you one by mail-this is flavor. On bringing them into

phosphate and wood ashes to phos immediately remunerative and im- one of the smallest. At present thereis Orlando for exhibition, the growers

phate rock and kainit. portant of our rural industries, yet no fruit setting, but expect another were offered a dollar a quart for them;
JOHN B. BEACH. in the fall after heat that time when strawberriescould
there is of crop the extreme too, at a
perhaps, no department
Melborne,Fla.,July 14th,1887. has passed.I be had in abundance for twenty
< farm labor wherein is F
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH the novice more think the Melon Pear can be madeto cents a quart. The vines, when planted -

Pea-Vine Hay likely to go wrong, and wherein the ; bear prolificly enough to pay for were about the size of a lead pencil '- (

This is unusually fine weather for "oldtimer" so much needs the benefitof cultivation, provided it is planted in but bore about as heavy a load -of

the season for cutting and curing earlycow the experience of others: rich sub-irrigated soil and properly fruit as they could carry. :
for horse feed. : fertilized and cultivated. Some vines of the black-cap rasp- !
peas My experience Nothing adds more to the comfortof
in making last My cultivation was about the sameas berry were set out.t the same time,
cow-pea year
t may benefit some of your numerous living than a good kitchen garden, for vegetables-though not as thor- but did not compare with the red vines ,,'

'it readers.On yet how many fruit growers and oughly as it should ha ;e been. The in fruiting. They were given exactly ,;

the 26th of May, '86, we started farmers, even truck farmers, in this plant grows from eighteen inches to the same treatment as the others, but -
two feet high and keeps spreading.Some failed to "come to the scratch," r,
two plows on a six-acre field of rye State are without fresh garden pro up
stubble and dropped six or eight peasat ducts for their table during the greater- of my }plants are now from two somehow. Perhaps those who com- :
in fourth furrow feet to four feet across the hill. plain of the non-reliability of raspberries
every step every '
soil a good quality of high pine, bor- portion' of the year. We think the fruit is very nice; it is in this climate have been pinning ,

dering on what we call pine hammock, We propose shortly to begin the seedless and is propagated from cut- their! faith on the blackcap and' have -:

finished plowing on the 27th, on the publication of :a garden department, tings which grow very readily.J. slighted the red variety.

28th harrowed with a two-horse Acmeto devoting one page,each week to truck- R. HURST. Messrs. Haynes, Young & Bailey
level the Lake Helen, Fla.,July 18, 1887. propose to plant at least one-fourth of
ground. They were plowedonce ing for home and market.
on the 15th of June, abut: half The fruit received was egg-shaped, an acre in raspberries the coming sea- "
We make this announcement to son and will both varieties just
with and balance with ,
turn-plow sweep. slightly flattened at the stem end,straw .
Could see no difference in the growth, solicit the co-operation of such of our and thorough trial. They are of the

but the latter left the ground very readers as have had experience in colored striped'with purple,taste agree opinion that it would pay well to'raise

gardening, as well as of those who are able suggesting a nutmeg melon witha raspberries here, even if they had to

level.No fertilizer was used. The yield of "at sea" and desire information.We banana flavor, size about two and a renew the vines every year. Under !
vines but half inches and and half in this regime they would be sure to bear
was quite large, peas only long one a
wish to make this
department heavily, and the cost of getting new
moderates,but yield of the latter on the diameter skin thin and
,poorest ground.On emphatically practical, embracing in- ; *tough vines would be slight in comparisonto

the 16th of August, the weather formation on detail and routine work to bear transportation. the profits secured. These gentlemen -

fine and the side of i :Mr. Hurst is the man whose very are confident of propagating and
being peas on one for each month, discussion of current
'i successful of both surface raising their own vines, year 'after
the field being nearly ripe but retain- I application
garden topics, special articles on pre. but should fail in this
they theycan
their leaves mowed
ing we enough and sub-irrigation was fully describedin
with to makea paring soils, fertilizing, methods of and will make it pay to renew
a common grass scythe issue of 23d.
our May
ton or more of dry hay. As fast as culture, implements, seeds, varieties, their vines every year.
We believe this is the first in
the leaves became well wilted and marketing, etc., as applied to market success The gentlemen above referred to
the Melon Pear in this State think it advisable to dispense with
before they were crisp, they were'thrown and home garden, in Northern, Cen-
in with forks each reported. Generally throughoutthe fertilizers as much as possible, as rich
piles hay tral and Tropical Florida. Inquirieswill yet ,
pile large enough to make a good feed United States east of the Rocky manures tend to produce large, rank
be quite as helpful as information vines'at the expense of the fruit. A
for norses. These
two piles were never
Mountains where it has been tried it
of well rotted stable
based on experience. Relying top-dressing ma-
spread out again but turned over on upon
has been failure. It
pronounced a
the hot three times and friends to round" and assistus nure is deemed sufficient for all ordi-
ground a day, our ; "rally would that has been
seem as
at night three or four piles were put in free of nary purposes, and even that, is appliedmore
eliciting a interchange true of the peach and grape in this mulch than fertilizer.
as a a
together to protect from the heavy opinion, in bringing out ;the practiceand State, all that'is required is proper con- From what the writer has seen, he
dew, und in the morning when the dew
ditions and treatment to the
results of produce thinks it that the tide
progressive gardeners, highly probable
off and turnedas
was they were separated
Melon Pear in It
before. We hauled on the 28th, as well as in furnishing informationfor perfection. seems will turn in favor of the raspberry,
others have been successful with this
after drying nearly three days, and inquiries, we trust to make this fruit this season. The Starke Telegraph when its ILerits and known possibilities and demon-are
still apparently not quite dry enough. more thoroughly
department indispensable to
every says :
If here
strated. it profitable
A few handfuls of salt scatteredover proves
r were
man who runs a truck farm or has a During our visit at Lawtey we were in South Florida, where all ,northern
each in the
layer mow.
to his table. shown perfect; specimen of a Melon fruits said to be at
garden patch supply are a disadvantage,
On the 10th about
cut much
we as
tf Pear which is about the size of
an egg, it will certainly succeed in other partsof
1\\ more and treated the same as the first For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:' but the exact shape of a melon, and the State. As reader of
ti\ lot, except it was left to cure until the a your
and It has
THE: MELON PEAR. striped yellow light green. and interested I
paper, an party,
afternoon of that day, and in addition
the flavor of a banana. The Melon
would like to hear from
each pile was bound with a light bandof
Pear is fruit this section. '
It Can be Successfully Grown in a new to on the subject. SIGMA.
damp straw, which proved of .
rye Florida-Proper Cultivation ---- 1 Orlando. Fla.. JuLY 18.1887.
good service in hauling the hay.
is All that Is Required. For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:
We have been in Florida five
in South Florida.I .
except an annual'short sojourn North, Regarding the Melon Pear : I sent Raspberries With the view of obtaining a potato *

have kept two ores and bought to California for the plants and received notice, from time to time, discussions better adapted to our climate than

northern hay the first two years, after- about twenty that were in condition among various horticultural authorities any variety as yet given us, Dr.

wards crab-grass hay, which is very to plant-the balance had heatedin throughout the State in regard Schaffranek, our learned botanist, fertilized -

good, but nothing to compare to pea the package and were in bad order. to the cultivation of raspberriesin the bloom of the early rose

hay. It came out of the mow with Not knowing what soil was best Florida. The prevailing opinionseems with pollen from the flower of the

leaves as green as when it was put in, adapted-high or low pine land-I to be that "as a success they area peach bloom. He obtained seed from

and one quart of corn at a feed was concluded to try all kinds. I com- failure." In view of this sentimentI the crossing and finally several seed-

ample when the pea vine was used. menced to plant in low black lands on have deemed it light to send to your lings. These have now fruited and

HENRY GULICK. the side of a lake, about two feet above paper a few facts relating to the suc- the product has the form of the peach-

Summit, Fla.,,July 18,1887. water level, thence upwardaon: the hill cess attained in cultivating the Cuth- blow and the color of the early rose.

side, the last being on high, but good bert red raspberry by Messrs Haynes, The flesh is exceptionally firm, the
Mr. T. J. Roberts brought in a pine ,land. The latter, with best? of Young & Bailey, the introducers of skin beautifully smooth and the Doc- .

bunch of Bartlett pears last Saturdaywith care, died. Those on the hill side the Niagara White grape, and the tor believes it will give us a fine potato -

five large, plump pears in a clus- grew in proportion to their height owners of Niagara Villa, near this for the summer months. He has

ter. He says that he has many with six above water. All .on the hill side, blossomed city.Last none for sale now, but will continueits

in a cluster, but selected this one be- very full last year but did not March these gentlemen obtained cultivation until satisfied of its

cause it was near the ground.Talla- fruit. This year all commenced blos- from a nurseryman in Macon, value, when he will place it on the

hauean. soming in the spring and are still bios- Ga., a lot of red raspberry> vines of I market. -Patatka News. < <




s .
.., '>..}"'./J1.k.\.,'t. 1: .. '. .
; /''t, St\;\ ., '."THFLORID4 DISPATCH.J" __ [JULY,1;',' .25 i' 1887..

Attention anywhere, is Allamand ment of house plants, at the rate of .to perfect success, with Gloxinias,

OmamentaI H orticulture.! H Ddersoni.! The foliage of this variety twenty five for one dollar by mail. Achimenes,Eucharis Amazonica,some

like that of A. cathartica, growsin Just think, that is only four cents I choice dwarf palms,delicate ferns,etc.,
BY W. C. STEELE. each, without cost of mailing, mate '
... ..,; ... whorls of three on the stems, that is rial for packing, help, or interest on through the summer. Of course, in

Notes in Orange County. instead of the leaves opposite each capital invested in houses, pots, and I winter they would need some. artificial

other there rfre three at each joint. the necessary requirements for the heat:
During a second trip, to this coun-
{j But unlike those of A. cathartica, the business. Some dealers make an excuse I took a goods box about four feet
ty, and the western part of Lake, wefindthat for the cheapness, and say that
leaves of A. Hendersoni are very broad, square and not quite as high as the
several varieties of Eucalypt they send out such enormous quantities -
have been quite extensively plantedas light green, very glossy and shining.The that they can afford such small windowsill and filled it half full of

shade and ornamental trees. Some flowers are very handsome,trum- profits. But upon examination of dry sawdust. On this I placed a gal-

pet-shaped, with a long tube and wide heir establishments, they are always vanized iron tank,which was made fora
o'f them grow very rapidly, a specimen found to \>e small concerns and usually
margin spreading about three inches, chicken incubator. The tank is
near the house of Mr. Dudley W. located in some small village or town.
color a bright lemon yellow. three feet long, two feet wide, and one
Adams, of Tangierine, was 65 feet We are well aware that in some locations -
We have also seen some fine, foot deep. Connected to the tank
very fuel can be obtained somewhat by
high, with a trunk about a foot in I t
dahlias in full bloom. There seems to I cheaper than in others; but the majority two pipes, one at the top and one at
diameter at the time of the freeze in
be a very general l impression that of these cheap plant houses are the bottom, is a boiler, as deep as the
January, 1886. This growth had all dahlias cannot he successfully I located in as unfavorable locations as tank and about six inches in diameter.

been made in seven years.: In the grownin I their "living price" brothers. I will The inside of the tank is divided into c
this State. It is mistake. A
spring of 1886, this tree sent up,several a great give,an example Qf how cheap plantsare two compartments by a sheet of iron

sprouts from the base of the gentleman near Orlando showed us grown. Last spring, in May, the that extends to within three inches of
some very good single dahlias grown writer had occasion to visit a town the farther end of the tank from the
trunk. All of them
are now over ten this year from the ssed. where one of these cheap "plant" men boiler, and one pipe leads into each

feet, ,high, ,and one is at least twenty We have also seen well plantsof was located, and of course he took the compartment for the circulation of the
._five feet high. grown opportunity to pay a visit to his water. A slit is cut in one end of the
the double varieties. Some of
Mr. Adams thinks that these trees brother florist. Upon entering the box to let the pipes down, as the boileris
.4 much than is these had been in bloom constantlyfor houses he found several boys of about on the outside of the box. Then I
are more hardy generally -
1\ four months, though. grown on a fourteen or fifteen years of age filling filled in sawdust till even with the top

j supposed. They were entirely. hill on very' dry soil and fully exposed orders. Indeed, said the proprietor, of the tank, to keep the water from
uninjured? by a temperature of 28 and we are rushed to death. Upon entering cooling so fast. A few inches above
to the sun. At the time we saw
:' he thinks they would have survived the greenhouses we found them the tank cleats are nailed to the side

the lowest point reached in January, them they were beginning to droop full of cuttings sticking in the sand of the box, on which strips of boardare

somewhat from the heat and drouth. where they had been placed to root; placed, not very close together, on
:1886, if it had only been for a few
If shaded with a screen of lath or rooted, they remained in their narrow which to set pots and boxes. For the

hours, but as it lasted two or three old grain sacks, and the soil well crowded quarters until pulled out by top I took two sash the length of the

.\days the tree was forced to succumb. the hand of one of the youthful order box and about thirty inches wide.
mulched they would probably revive
Besides being a handsome ornamen- boys, and when pulled out left most of One is on edge,facing the window, and
tal tree, Mr. Adams thinks that it and continue to grow and bloom until their roots in the sand. I said to the fastened to the ends, which are of

: killed by frost. The bulbs should be proprietor, no wonder you send twenty- boards covered with paper. The other
may be profitably for fuel
very grown five for dollar if this is the sash for roof. It slants to-
put into the ground in January or plants one serves a up
,at some future day; when our pine for.eats early in February, and carefully way you grow plants He replied that ward the room, and rests on the front

are gone. there were several million plan., buyers sash, and on the board ends. The rest
mulched and shaded to them
I' Some weeks since we published a protect in America, and that all he askedwas of the roof is pieced out with a board

brief account of a climbing vine from any frost that might come after one order of one dollar from each from which a white cotton curtain fallson

f*. that, and also to prevent the soil be- one of them. He said that he madeit the side next the room,to be drawn
as Rhynchospermum jasminoi-
coming too dry and thus destroyingthe his business to supply cheap plants aside on warm days to admit air, and
;des.t We find this; vine very commonly bulbs. to those who wanted them, and did covered with a blanket at night. A

cultivated in this part of the State, << not care whether he ever had a second paper curtain also lets down betweenthe

but still by no means as universally About Cheap Plants. order from his patrons or not. Now window and case. I fill the tank

.,'as it deserves. It grows very rapidly Low priced plants are not always such plants as this man sends out do with water about 150, and set a lamp
( not do the purchaser any good, and under the boiler. This keeps the heatat
and to a great size. The foliage is cheap. On the contrary, they almost
still he could not in justice to himself about 60 in the case at night. If

\r evergreen and very thick, almost equalto invariably prove to be very dear. send any better onea.: Now, is it not the sun shines out bright the heat will

,., that of the Hoyacarnosa or Wax This applies not only to ornamental better for those who send away for sometimes run up to 90. I use a

,plant. plants but to everything the way of plants, to order less of them, and get small brass safety lamp that holds less
good healthy plants? If can't afford than a teacupful, with a twothirdsinch r
In connection with this vine, we had I fruit trees or plants as well. The following you
I more than a dollar's worth, is it not wick. I keep up the heat by
.an... illustration, of the uncertainty, by F. W. Beach,'Richmond, \ .
: better to have ten or twelve good. drawing off a pailful or two of water .

-of common names. We found that Ind., in Seedtime and Harvest is com- healthy plants than to ,have twenty- night and morning,and filling up with I

this vine is usually known as" Star mended to the consideration of all five poor, sickly, consumptive, puny, boiling water. It is more work, but ,

Jessamine but at one place we who may be thinking of sending money leafless stubs that will never amount less expense. This hot-bed, or whatever -

found that the "Arabian Jessamine," to such establishment that described tQ the postage spent in sending the it is, is an up-stairs south room
%* !* ... orders. ,Readers, when you send your which has no means of heating, except
Jasminum raujbac, (1)) is called below : orders take! this into consideration, what little heat comes up through an

"Star' Jassamine.I' .Cheap .are poor.things.at any and don't Be "penny wise and p'undfoolish. upper and lower hall from the sitting-

',', A number of times this season we price. While the word cheap is. usedto ." room, and water- will freeze in the

.1;have found Allamanda cathartica, convey the meaning of low price,'it << room at night in zero weather. I have

. { sometimes without name and at really, in most cases, carries the real- An In-Doors Hot-Bed. this case full of young geraniums raised
any ity of"cheap plants." A poor, sickly from seed last summer, and I have
other times known as "yellow oleander. The following description of an in-
plant Is a poor thing at any price. It never had a nicer looking lot of plants.

." The foliage resembles that of is much better,to pay a fair price and doors hot-bed is taken from Park's There is no dust, no gas, no cold

*. the oleander, but is shorter, narrower get a good, article than to throw away Floral Magazine. Many of the pre- draughts of air from opening doors. I

'. and more delicate. The blossoms are your money for something that is in cautions would not be needed in our let in fresh air through the halls on
reality nothing. You will find it much It is
warm days. not a very orna
not much like those of the oleander, climate; but a slight modification of
the safest method to patronize those mental structure, but as it is in an unused -
being more cup-shaped, with less of it woul old houses who have a reputation of many room, where no one goes but myself -

't the margin of the petals turned ,over. sending good healthy plants, than to DISPATCH to grow some choice plants looks don't matter; and it did not

In fact, they resemble the old Canterbury follow after those who start up with a which will not endure even the slight cost much,as I had the tank and sash,

o Bell somewhat,though they stand big puff of wind, and offer twenty or cold of a Florida winter. and I can raise all the young,plants I
., twenty-five plants for one dollar. Anyone want for my garden without fussing
instead of Such box without the
upright dropping over. a heating
with reasoning powers can readilysee around out of doors, or without boxes
One, of the most striking plants thatwe that no florist can send out good aratus, would furnish the moist i atmosphereand sitting around the stove to be moved

have metonetthat, Jt.would v f attract heajthy\ .plants! 5of. the general .assort-, even 1 temperature i !( "* .necessary' every night. It is not patented.<


--. .,



.. .. .:
JULY 2fe, 1887j] .. <' ,<-. .._ .. -TEE FLORIDA
in summer," I am inclined to write and For the FLORIDA DISPATCH : we get now-a-days is best; take*two

1db!one Interests. tell him and others where it certainlycan What We Can Raise. yards, or two and a half for a ]large

be found. In this letter I do not In your issue of May 9th there is a size; cut off enough for a frill, if de-

BY MBS. E. A. HILL. write for the benefit of pleasure seek- good recipe for lemon pickles. I sired, then cut one straight piece to go

ers. They are at liberty to go where think that would be a good one also across the apron at the desired height;

The Bath. fancy leads, and their bank account for limes. I would like A. D. H. to this piece must be stitched aCl"QSSthe
It is not presumable that many in permits. But I write for the numerous try that, only perhaps'the limes would bottom and up and down at intervals] ,

this nineteenth century are ,ignorantof class mentioned by my Canadian not require soaking long. so as to form good-sized pockets,which

the first principles of the laws of friend, "who would be benefited by a Your correspondent P. W. C. must will be a very convenient "carry-all,"

life know change of climate, especially from a be a hopeful person and reasons well, though we do not recommend: them as
yet we are negligent
many cold to a warmer." The poor invalid for he, or she, says: "if the trees and receptacles for spice, onions and the

if not ignorant, and the "line upon does indeed need a place where he can vines will grow to such an extent the like, after the manner of "Dinah.. :

line" must still be continued. I remain and make a home. Too often it I soil must be equally good for other Unless the top is selvage, it is best to '

During the summer season,especially, is expected that a change of residencefor I things." bind it. The top of the,apron must, >

the secretory organs should be kept a month or two will bring back the So far as, my observation goes I be cut to fit the form, with a bib and

health which is sought so eagerly. Dis- think I have never seen such rank shoulder-straps; some may think this
in order to perform their usual
a open ease has been quietly but surely steal- weeds as here in Florida. Below .is too much trouble, but it will pay, as
amount of work and, in most cases, an article which I have but
ing upon him and gradually undermining an picked up such an apron will last a long time;

added amount; as such a large part of his constitution. He awakensto can't give you the name of the paper; the frill at the bottom could be dis- .

the waste of the body is carried off by the fact, or his physician is desirousof it was first published in South Florida.It pensed with, but it looks better and >

f the skin it is of the utmost importancethat getting him off his hands. Califor shows what can be raised in Flor- serves to distinguish it from a man's

nia Florida Business ida and interest some of your A.' I.'p
or prescribed. may apron. ,
the whole surface be sponged off .
readers I will it. *-.- .I' .
perhaps, permits an absence of onlyone so hope you publish .
often; every other day is'none too or two monthb, and yet, if not en- D.M. For the FLORIDA The DISPATCH,Hair.:

often. tirely cured, the invalid goes back We insert the article without com- Editor Home Interests:

For the purpose of cleanliness only, home, perhaps, anathematizing the cli- :' ment, so it speaks for itself.-ED. H.I. A recent article in the DISPATCH

a little good castile soap (unscented) mate from which he has hoped so' Two crops of millet and one of Irish prompts. me to relate my experience :
much and the whole .
be added to the water and when looking upon I inherited from my fattier'and
may potatoes can be raised on the same
fraud. Would it be
thing as a not a
from his father bald the
is in health towel is land in I a spot upon
one good no necessary wonderful climate that could infalliblycure one year.
the will reduce One crop of Irish and one of sweet top of my head.
as evaporation an invalid in so short a time ? '
In due time it and
came pate
be raised the
And in truth the climate of Flor- potatoes can on same
the heat of the body and give a pleas- yet land in was fast becoming a constant witnessto !

ant sensation; a handful of salt occa- ida often does cure so much in a short Two one year.of the truth of"heredity." The weeklyuse
Spanish peanuts can
time. But to the full advant-
sionally added to the water tends to be raised in one year. of Cosmoline thoroughly applied, "
of such of climate the
a change '
stimulate the skin and has a tonic ef- invalid should with the intentionof We can raise finer and larger arrested the falling out of my hair,
go and developed a new growth, completely
than other of the "
onions any portion
remaining more or l less permanently,
the naked
fect.In United States, and as large as onions covering spot.
the of children who thus giving the climate a fair and
case young gen- imported from foreign countries to Coal oil, such as we burn, is an ,excellent -
delicate should be used erous test. for the hair but, objectionable
are great care demand. There be dressing -
supply our can no
Of California, I do not consider
even in warm weather; water should fear of a drug on the market. ; while ,Cosmoline haa no I
myself competent to write, knowing and clean and if 'de-
smell, is sweet :
not be of a temperature to give thema nothing of its climate and productionsonly We can raise enough cassava on an '
sired be scented with l
acre to equal, as food for horses, cat may bergamotand ?
shock. A part of the body can be through others who have been lavender. N.,S. E.
tle or hogs, 250 bushels of corn, and '
bathed time then covered and there, or through what I have
at a may Glencoe, Fla.,July. 6, 1881.
until the whole surface is '. read. Of Florida, I think I do know it requires no more labor to cultivate *-**--
soon com-
something. Surely, with a continuous than corn. Don't frighten children or allow

pleted; then a soft rubbing with the residence of nineteen years, I may be We can raise enough cow peas on them to be frightened. If they. are

hand will be found beneficial, but pardoned for saying so. an acre to keep a cow a year. naturally afraid of some particular

must not be carried to the point of While I can still look with pride to We can raise from eight to fifteen object or animal, keep them away

irritation. When the hand is roughit Ohio, my native State, I think I have barrels of sugar cane syrup to the from it, till they grow older, and you
worth from $100 to $175.
acre, can reason their doubts. Never
should be covered with silk hand- thoroughly adopted ;Florida as
a very We can raise Apples, Apricots, make the mistake of ridiculing them
home and when I read that whichis
kerchief or other soft material. The my about it misstatement Pears, Plums, Nectarines, Lemons, and forcing an object of fear before
misleading or a -
convenient time is before Shaddocks, Figa, Blackberries, Mulberries -
most evening of facts, I always wish to lift their eyes to teach them better. It is

retiring, or in the morning,for adults; my voice in protest and vindication.Of up. Raspberries, Watermelons, cruel and positivel dangerous to do
Asparagus, Cauliflowers, Pumpkins,
the best time for small children and the climate of Florida there is but so. Children have been frightened to
Sweet potatoes, Broom Corn, Bacon,
by injudicious or thoughtless
infants is the middle of the forenoon one opinion. It is incomparable. Had '
Dr. Mackinnon his Celery, Pease,Irish Potatoes, Cassava, people. Lovingly reason away their

. say ten or eleven o'clock, when the Florida in place sent of California patient, he to Collards, Egg Plants, Parsley, Rye, fears as fast as you can, but let them

b life-force is at the flood, but never upon would not have complained of the wet Arrow-root,, Cotton, Castor Beans, be where they feel perfectly safe,
Japan Plums, Japan Persimmons, while about Above all
1 a full stomach, as serious consequenceswill season, as with us winter is the dry you talk It. ,
Peaches, Prunes, Oranges, Limes, Cit tell them
never frightful ghost stories
follow if this is practiced.The season, there being rain enough, how-
ron, Grapes, Bananas, Strawberries, or things to catch them in the dark.
bath cannot be neglected with ever, for the cultivation of crops. But t'Quinces, Muskmelons. Cucumbers, > 4r -

impunity, for as the pores of the skin the,is real rainy season the comes hot just weatherin whenit Parsnips, Pineapples, Corn, Squash; FROSTED PEA.canJ.Whisk the

become clogged, the effete matter is neededdurmg Beans, Lettuce, Tomatoes, Oats, Cabbages white of three eggs to a standing frothto
How it refreshes
hrown back upon the internal organs, summer. every Carrots, Onions, Herbs, Millet, which add two table spoonfuls of
and how it makes
causing derangement and disease. Letus thing, a plantlifegrow Sugar-cane, Peanuts, etc. etc. water, into this dip each of twelve rich
and luxuriate 1 This fact aloneof
keep the old maxim in mind, I. free stone peaches and then roll in
the rainy season coming in sum For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
"Cleanliness is next to Godliness. powdered Set carefully on
sugar. up
mer-is of itself of Florida's A Kitchen
proof superior Apron.
the stem end on a sheet of white paper
climate. Editor Home Interest:
Climate of Florida.
f to the when halfdry'oll
We find the following'interestingJetter To the invalids "who would like to J I I think it probable that many of r exposed sun, "
again in and to the sun
hear of that is not readers have to work if not for sugar expose
a place ,
only pleasant your
from an old resident of Putnam until perfectly dry and when cool l ar
in winter, but fairly so in sum. "a living/ at least for the cleanliness,
in the New York Weekly, range on a glass dish for the table.
county, mer, I can conscientiously and emphatically comfort and convenience of the house-
Garnish with leaves.
Witness, and we are sure it will be read, say, You can fully find it in hold. We should all do our part, green.... .

with pleasure by many who are think. Florida, where the summers are not t and I send you to-day my: pattern ofa F To clean black cloth or silk, sponge

ing of this sunny land as their future I only fairly pleasant, but thoroughlyand work apron, which I like' better with warm water or coffee and a' little

home unexceptionally so. And you will]1 than the ones made of oil-cloth which ammonia; iron on the wrong side'i-if;

: find this statement reiterated by hundreds we can buy at some of the shops. the silk is thin add a little ,to
My attention was attracted by the I : and hundreds of people from It does not pay to make an apron water coffee.

article in the Witness of May 11th,on the North who are making FloridI for working purposes out of cheap or 1 (IB-M AA 4-M H _M> V

"Climate in North America. As the I their permanent home. material, such as common print, etc.; COLERIDGE says : "Common,sense

writer desires to hear of a place uN ot, A.. .H.t, LNashua CRANE.,, always select] some good, firm cloth). in an uncommon degree wjiat."the.
only pleasant in winter, but fairly so ,Putnam( Co., Florida.' the bright, pretty, striped bedtickingEl world calls wisdom." '




22 .' ', '., : "TEE FLORIDA ,D P ATCH.. [JULY 25, 1887.

: EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT. Pooling in Market. A Bureau of Immigration.The bear their share jof the burden..

I, '- One cause, we ought almost say the -State of Florida should providean They obtained ;their, lands -at:" mere-

A. H. MANVILLE, Editor. principal cause, of the very general efficient Bureau of Immigration, ly nominal cost under implied

"' dissatisfaction with the Fruit Exchange promise to develop and settle
/.l Contents. not only for the purpose of inducing
CITRUS GROVE-Lemon Groves, Descripof is the want of uniformity in the State, let them now be asked to 1
..,' the Largest Lemon Grove In the desirable people to settle here-and if
State The King Orange The Fun- returns made for different lots of fruit make this good by furnishing the
1 gold Disease. ... .. ....;.............. 615 such rascals as the Italian Conti can
of the same quality which at the funds to maintain the most effi
The New Disease; The Washington induce people to come here a live
Navel, Is it a Prolific Bearer in Call- same time and under similar condi- cient immigration bureau in the
fornla: a good word for the Navel Or- Commissioner certainly can-but also
ange; The Fungoid Disease, the California tions, especially was this true regard- United States. Let this be done by 1

Crop Navels of Oranges; Recovering..... ...;..a...Summer ...... 616 ing the fruit sold at auction. as a protection to immigrants against assessing the wild lands in the Stateat

'ORCHARD-Spanish Peaches new race such swindling schemes as this Italian -
..j, for the Lower South Alabama\ falls For instance, as the auction opens two-thirds their value. Thousandsand
Into Line with Florida and Texas colony. Such a Bureau should
Budding the Japan Persimmon. GraftIng up in the morning, few buyers having tens of thousands of acres of 'land

*.'J Grapes Walnut; Japan. .Chestnut..u.......and.....English ... ..-. 617 arrived on the ground, bids come in publish, throughout the world, reliable in this State are assessed at $1.25 per
information regarding Florida, and assist -
THE.1Rx-How Plants Grow, the Structure slowly, the auction is asleep, but a beginning acre, and even.less,that are worth five,
of Soils and Principles of Plant "
Nutrition....... .... .... .. .............. 618 must be made and A 1 fruit immigrants by obtaining special ten dollars. Lands that have
Pea Vine Hay. ..... ... ,.............., 619 concessions in the matter of transpor- or twenty
GARDEN. -Market Gardening: The Melon fruit is knocked down at $2.00 been bought at a merely nominal fig-
Pear, It can be successfully grown In tation, as well as in the selection and
Florida, Proper Cultivation Is all thatIs per box. An hour later, buyers are ure and are held on speculation, oftenat
In South location of lands, whether purchased (
Required Raspberries
Florida.....;....... ....................... 619 present, the auction is awake, compe- fictitious priees, until the improvements -
of the State or private parties. It
ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE-Notes In tition is lively, and A 1 fruit goes : of the hard working settlers

An Orange In-door County Hot-bed; About..Cheap.........Plants.......;. 620 quickly at $3.00 to $3.50 per box. should ferret out and! bring to justiceall : shall enable the owner to obtain for

HOME INTERESTS-The Bath Climate of attempting to sell lands
Florida; What we can Raise; A B's A 1 fruit went for $2.00 to start persons them ten times their cost. And the
Kitchen Apron; The Hair.. ........... 621 under false pretenses. Not less than
EDITORIAl-Pooling In Market; A Bureau the ball rolling, while his neigh- should be State is fostering this sort of thing at

of Immigration; Cold Storage.... 622 bor C's A 1's brought $3.50 in the $25,000 per annum placedto the expense of the settler who enduresthe

Our Nurserymen's Nurserymen Directory.; LeConte..... ...Pears... ....; 623 I 1 1I same market'on the same, day. Re- the credit of the Commissioner of hardship runs the risk obtains

METEOROLOGICAL............ ...... ......... 623 I Immigration, and this is but a small ,
PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT...0........... 623 sult: B denounces the auction and the results and pays the taxes, upon
sum considering the work that wouldbe
MARKETING-The New Auction House; seeks other markets. which the wealthy land owner builds
Views of an Orange Grower} favors a entrusted to this Bureau, and the
Home Market but is not hopeful of Again it will be noticed in the auc- his fortune. Wild lands derive an
Co-operation ...... '.... .. ''. 624 importance of this work to the State.
Another successful Test; aliforniaApricots tion catalogues that large lots invaria- I actual value from the
..... .. .. ...... ..;...... ........ 625 The narrow-minded "penny wise an POULTRY YARD-Examine the Combs; bly bring more than small lots of the ; on small improved places, yet

Fighting Poultry Vermin In Summer. 625 name quality. This is easily explained, men who compose our the latter have the greater burden of
TROPICAL FRUITS The Banana. ,The Varieties
and Cultivation.................. 626 well known brands sell on their mer- State government will stand aghast at taxation. .

STATE NEws-.... ........ ........ ........ 626-7 this trifling expenditure and raise a
TUE NURSERY-The Nurserymen's Possibilities its while small lots, of brands seldomseen Furthermore the taxation wild
'hue and "extrava-
and Duties; Buying Nursery in market, have no rating and great lands at something like their value
Stock, the best Developing "
Fruits...... ...... .....way..'...;.... ..... .... .. 628 are taken at a venture at a nominal gances, "increasing taxation, "temp- will force the owner to sell at prices
4 "
tation official corruption and
to more
The proposition to make Jacksonville price. The buyers and brokers that within the reach of actual settlers,
nonsense of this sort that will have
the orange market meets the want one, two or three hundred boxes and by bringing eligible lands on the
only with those whose
hearty approval of the growers. strike for the large lots and well weight greatest market. at fair prices, will, in itself,
ambition is to raise grits and
<< known brands. They haven't timeto potatoes prove a powerful incentive to immi
Can of our readers give us enough to them through from
any any carry year
examine the small lots and gration, which has now almost entirely
information about a plum known in togreat Commonwealth is a wire-grass
prefer to make their purchases as ceased because of the enormously
Mississippi\ some years since as the year, and whose highest ideal] for our
uniform The maintained this
as possible. consequenceis high prices by
Harper or Hapeth Plum? We should stock-range for the maintainance of
the grower that has a small crop, tax exempted monopoly.Let .
like to know whether this plum has the inhabitants and their -
present progeny
and makes small shipments, is slaughtered the State relieve itself of' the
been tried in this State stock of the "new-
ever as a excepting, course,
and the cry goes up that the stigma of land swindles by affording
for other plums and the peach. Andif comers," which such a policy would
forwarders discriminate in favor of immigrants official information and
,not, where it can be obtained. starve out, and whose departure wouldbe
the "big men. assistance. Let the funds for this
riddance to these mossbacks.It .
o Quotations indicate that Mediterranean Pooling is the only remedy for this; good purpose be raised by an equal distribution
is high time that our progressive
oranges are selling in Northern pool the fruit, and pool the sales for of taxation. As an exemplifi. .
citizens forced the material advancement
markets for $4.50 to $6 per box, and each day. The fruit should be in- cation of the principles of Thomas
of the State into the foregroundas
lemons from $5.50 to $7.50 per case. spected and classified according to Jefferson and the boasted advantages 0
issue. Let it be distinctly
These oranges "ripened up" about the quality, irrespective of brand or ship understood a political that succeed conservatism, let us have surcease 4of l
no can
same"time as did our last crop of a per. The A 1's, whether forwardedin party the present "picayuniah" policy,
that does not pledge itself to a liberal
million and a quarter boxes. Yet our five or five hundred box lots, falsely called economy, which is
and expenditure to induce im-
fruit sold at an average of about a should be sold simply as A 1's, and so policy founded on monopoly and built up on
migration and to foster our industries
dollar and a half a box. The "lazy on through the different grades. The unjust discrimination against the small
which the financial
Italian" seems to be "getting there" total receipts for each grade should be upon land holder, and let us have in, lieu..
contentment of the new-comer de J
remarkably,in spite of our boasted averaged for the day, and returns thereof a liberal, progressive, .truly
his efforts should be directed
American smartness.We made accordingly, each shipper receiv- pends, ,, democratic policy in the maintainance

<< ing the same price per box for fruit of f, for as they are successful or unsuccessful of which all shall share alike.

have received fifteen sixteen he is discontented
or a immigrant, 4
the same quality sold on the same day.

applications for membership in the In the aggregate the small growers a disgruntled emigrant, or an enthusi Cold Storage.

.Horticultural which, astic citizen. The to in cold
Georgia Society, proposition put
produce the bulk of the fruit, and the
holds its next annual meeting and exhibition .. future Our people need not be burdenedby storage and cooling house meets with
welfare of the State, and our
at Dalton, on the 4th 5tt l additional taxation to obtain funds the hearty approval of our shippers,
depend more their -
prospects, upon prosperity
and 6th of August, proximo. These than upon the success of larger, to carry out this work. Improved and there is no doubt that whoever

received .. lands taxed undertakes the enterprise will receive
applications have proper attention ventures. They must be protected i in are now disproportionately

I and credentials, passes, etc.,, obtaining the full value of their pro high, the value being fixed l liberal patronage. Under date of July

the future And ,,18th insL) Mr. F. Wright of Mount
will be forwarded direct to appli ducts in market, and no forwarding. upon contingent profits ( ,

cants. Should any fail to receive th< Let the landed corporations that will I Royal, Fla.,writes us as follows : "My
agency co-operative marketing as
same they will confer a favor by notifying ,.. sociation can succeed that ignores. this I be principly benefitted by an influx o f r orange crop this year is small and is

this office. ,, r fact..", .. ,....... .i' : settlers and; an.increased populatioi l mostly promised,, but I will,, gladlyt1





a. .

JULY 25,1887.] THE ,CFLOTHliA, DISPATCH; .,_.. '_623

send 200 boxes as my contribution to The question of establishing the PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT.CHAS. Buds of the Maggie peach,furnished at
$1 100, $8 1000:500 at 1000 rates.
per per
the Jacksonville cold storage." Sev Florida Orange Market at Jacksonville Address r. C. MINNICH
W. DACOSTA, Publisher, ,
eral parties are now here on the ground is being agitated, THE FLORIDA DISPATCHIs
prospecting with a view to establishing possible an attempt will 1 be madeto a 24-page weekly devoted to AGRICULTURE Waverly Stock Farm.

a plant. It is to be hoped it, will bring, about this desirable end HORTICULTURE, INDUSTRY, IMMIGRATION Cows and Heifers in Calf to "Panic
and HOME INTERESTS: FLORIDA. .No. 9,420, American Jersey Cattle Club.
not end'in talk. By the way, where If the announcement goes forth that Terms of Subscription.Two Panic's g. g. dam, Eurotas, No. 2,454,

is the Fruit Exchange all this while? .Florida will hereafter sell her oranges Dollars per year,In advance,postpaidto made 778 pounds of butter in one year.
part ol the United States or Canada '
any Bomba .N sired the
o 10,330, was by
Here is a golden opportunity for in Jacksonville, instead of in, New Union tO foreign,Two countries Dollars and comprised Fifty cents.in Postal .Duke of Darlington, No. 2,460-Panic'sgrandsire.

them-will they let it slip and with it York and other Northern cities, what The date when the subscription expires is Her calf sold for$12,000.
Address Label the
the of each ,
on paper Pedro, No. 3,187, sold for $10,000, is a
allow the business'to into will be the effect? It is well enoughto change of which to a subsequent date becomes !
orange pass a receipt for remittance. No other receipt son of :Eurotas; No. 2,4M-Panic's g. g.

other.hands? consider the subject in all its bear- is sent unless requested.The SCHRADEB BROS.
paper is stopped at expiration. of the Tallahassee, Leon County, Fla.
1'Pooling-cold storage'and a marketin ings. Suppose the importers of for- subscription unless previously renewed. *.
When a change of address is desired,both
Jacksonville, is what the growers I eign fruit, with whom we have as yet the old and new addresses should be given. Orange Trees for Summer Planting. -
Remittancesat Budded trees of choice varieties, three-
3 want. been unable to cope in open market the risk of the sender unless made by quarters to one and a half inches in diameter -

<< with a superior product, these registered letter or by check, express order, two-year-old buds; also, sour seed-.
suppose or postal order, payable to CHAS. W. DA-
Our all ,
Nurserymen. lings of sizes, for sale cheap. ,
importers instruct the Italian COSTA, Publisher of the Florida Dispatch, .
growersto A. H. MANVILLE, ,
tItis .
.: !J with pardonable pride that we double their exportation to Amer- To Advertisers.The Jacksonville, ha.Why '
.3 point to the list of Florida's representative JOURNAL OF THIS STATE and has a <
ica? In the face of a doubled impor- large circulation in Florida and throughoutthe ?

nurserymen, whose .advertise- tation ,force United States and foreign countries- outside of the State to -
can we buyers to come to wherever the interest is turned Southward.It go; a summer resort
merits fill a large portion. of this de J Jacksonville for ? We IS ONE OF THE BEST ADVERTISING ME- to spend your vacation when you
oranges com DIUMS IN THE SOUTH-especially for Real Es- have one of the most delightful of sum
partment. Nearly every leading mend this question to the consideration tate,Nurseries, Transportation lines, Banks, mer watering places in your own State at
Hotels and is desirable
those branches wherein it -
nurseryman in the State is repre of esteemed to reach our winter visitors or our II WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS,
our coteraporaries
rapidly increasing permanent population. on the beautiful Suwannee river in
seated and when few
; a more now that oppose increasing the tariff on Hamilton county. The waters of this

promised fall into line, the list will Advertising Rates* spring are noted for their great curative
oranges $100 per inch first insertion: 50 cents per
and constitute of the finest
qualities, one
Inch for .
be complete. We think most of our each subsequent inseruon.Preerred.
i pools of sulphur water to be found in
Mr. H. W.Reed of Waycross sendsus
Positions Next
Reading or on Cover:
readers will find this department, ad- this country. At the Springs is a first-
$1.40 inch first insertion 70 cents
of the LeConte fine per ; per
vertisements well matter specimens pear, inch for each subsequent Insertion. class hotel, with ample accommodationsfor
as as reading
seedling peach and the Kelsey plum. 10 per cent.oft on I months' contracts. hot cold and plunge baths. Reachedby

one.of the most interesting in the pa.. ID"30" ""on 12 6"" "" the F. R.; & N., to Welbora,thence by
He reports gathering over a hundred on hack line, eight miles, over the beautiful
per. No class of men have done more Advertisements JUST be acceptable in
EVERY respect. hills of middle Florida. Cheap round
Kelseys from a tree one old and
to',develop the resources of this State, year THE FLORIDA DISPATCH is sent free to trip excursion tickets including hack
four teet high.Proclaim those who advertise in it,as long as adver-
fare from Welborn to the Springs, now
and to induce immigration, than the .. tisement continues.Address
on sale at all F. R. & N., ticket offices.

nurserymen, and their efforts certainly the Secret. One who is CHAS. W. DAC03TA, Publisher, For further information, apply to any F.
Jacksonville, Florida. R. & N. ticket write to O. K.
deserve At successful at rose cultu when agent or
recognition.: an very White
asked for her that it WANTED. Paxton, Prop) Sulphur Springs
secret replied lay
early day we shall publish an accountof Hotel, White Springs, Fla.
mainly in manure, pruning.knives, at- Copies of the DISPATCH, issue July 4th, ._.H<<
the several nursery advertisers: in tention and sunshine. 1887. Parties who do not preserve a file Cotton Seed Hull Ashesas

.our:"columns, together with the spe- will above confer date a favor to this by office.: returning' copiesof prepared by our mills, are without

cialties and peculiar advantages of- New York Markets. !I doubt the best Fertilizer for fruit and
vegetables used. They contain a
fered *by each. Special Dispatch to TRADE JOURNAL. Not a Bottle Returned. large percenta -of Potash and Available very

''1'; ""n .. NEW YORK, July 21, 1887. Mr. Joseph Atkins, Greensboro, Ala., Phosphoric Acid, in their best forms for

t' LeOonte Pears: ':* The arrivals of LeConte pears continue writes: "I have sold nearly all the agricultural purposes. The ash of plantsis

"4 i i I t large, although all arriving in good con- Hughes' Tonic I have bought of you and the natural food of all plants, contain-

1j\Ir.. J. Crawshaw, Jr., of .L.a tey, dition meet with ready sale at Si.50 to not a bottle has been returned. I am ing every element but nitrogen requiredby
\ ; : $2.00 per bushel crate, and $4.00 to$5.00 satisfied it is the best Ague Cure that any plant. No better Fertilizer can

raised this year some very fine LeConte for barrels; watermelons plenty and was ever presented to the public. I have be used. These Ashes are put up in

Pears. His largest trees are only five selling Gems, $20 to $30; others $15 to been in the drug business for 25 years bags. You get much more value for the

$18. ; fancy grapes meet with ready sale and never have sold anything that gave same money than in any other fertilizer.We .
years old, and he has shipped, aboutone at 10 to 20 cents. such satisfaction." sell in car loads. !less quantity is

hundred crates, .the majority G. S. PALMER.MeteorologicaL Prepared by R.A. Robinson & Co., wanted, write to us for the address of the
)- H Wholesale Druggists,Louisville,Ky. dealer nearest you who sells our Cotton
averaging!seven to eight ounces each. Sold at retail
by Druggists generally. Seed Hull Ashes.

From one tree, three years old he gathered .......... -. .- American Oil Company
.: -C Washington Navel Bads. 18 Broadway N. 'Y.
.fruita which would 1 S .I9q11Ja w .
" fifty average: I"I uQg aid i -CIS Q 02CO Can furnish the genuine Washington ... *

seven ounces; his largest pears,reached GO 00 .H- G '81S 93BI9AVgqipatpunq 6 JUrJUWU ] Navel buds, guaranteed true to name. A Sure and .Perfect Care.

"'p Delivered in first-class condition at your Mr. J. D. Little Rock Ark.
fourteen.: ounces. One sprout ,which Ayers, ,
, r OHs .411 PlmUH & nearest post office or express office, $20 writes: "My wife and child was afflicted
was: left unpruned reached over nine N" ,4 f:: U1JP U1J all I 'ma c 0):, '(: 8 per M, in thousand lots. As to my reliability with chills and fever from Augtist to
feet i in.length.! He says,the LeConte: >a refer to G. D. Clifford, G. H. December, in 1884. Nothing'I could get
Norton, D.H. Kline Eustis Fla. R.W.
:; t1 r aoacome S ; did them any good until I obtained a
needs, vigorous! J pruning. and thinningof "":*: -< LI3018A, .o. 02eJ Pierce,,Indian Springs, Fla. bottle of Hughes' Tonic. They used

fruit. About five hundred crates tJ)o .9 Address: three bottles and have not had a chill
I ..E11I\ < IIOI108IIQ.d : C. S. BURGESS, Manager, since. Am thoroughly convinced of .the
of, .pears have been shipped from : .0 ymmmm: .bI Riverside z: Nurseries, Riverside: Cal. value of the medicine and consider it a
Lawtey BO far this season, and the w.i Van Epps Howard, Enstis,Fla. sure and perfect cure for chills and

prospects' are that the crop ,will- 1>e ..! a: t r 188.2 f ss. G3 iG Grove contractor and agent. Land fever."
Prepared R. A. Robinson & Co.
o by
) ptre saqouj: m i t cleared, set with trees and taken ,
quadrupled next year. The average Q 04 IIVJUJ'B.l uva 03H; .!= care of. Trees furnished.orange Taxes paid. Wholesale Druggists,Louisville,Ky.

thirdsbushel I Satisfaction Terms moder Sold at retail by Druggists generally..
returns have been $2 per two- guaranteed.
32O MM<<
1 crate. ... LIlgugajq I Wit; !;003 s ate.
I i* .; -MM- A Delaware grape vine on.Mrs. O.Kennedy's .
.. t.i
B For Sale.
I 0 oac mumlutN I I: !lrlar 3* place, near Sorrento, was
.,tj>..( Directory. cxCD M 9 O'O Fifty acres high pine land; ten acres I grafted on a wild stock in February
fenced six cleared and five set in.
:':The':American Florist Company, of OG mmJXvJ{ ,c CO ao)il8235SS8 8 Oc _0-o orange and lemon trees;also other fruits; 1886. It is trained upon a flat trellisor

have issued compact and o gbl:! good house and stables, etc., one mile arbor. It now has three main
Chicago a 15
o .ietocuolEgo : I ..aseclgd from Conant and one and one fourth canes, each some thirty-five feet in

complete Directory of the Florists, a9w g.. miles from Lady Lake on the Florida length, besides numerous lateral canes.

Nurserymen and Seedmen of .the ci> : .sa.: Southern Railway,for further particulars. On June 25, it held upwards of one
A. G. Lake
to lady
w i niMin 0o apply ,
United Stated and Canada. It is a I : "' : ( i c!. ig --...-, thousand bunches of fruit. The

UjjJEllis I i : i j Cle Kelsey Plum Buds bunches were perfect even to the tips
very handy and valuable book, and so ... ..d,
CD.. rse ...;. _.o.A_ :: .... .a;. for sale. $2 per hundred, postage prepaid of the laterals. It was estimated that
far as Florida's list is concerned, pracotically .4. O. ell Z.r I Discount on larger lots.
.c .... PtO. elf! the crop upon this single vine would
correct. Price $1.00,. and we ,', .,Q..1, .3 as b q bN Glen St. Nurseries G. L. TAKER, exceed one hundred and fifty poundsin

advise all Nurserymen send for.it I, I ;' *! ::11= Mary. Glen St.,Mary, Fla.'. weight.



,. t .
624........1 .-- '-' THE", -FLORIDA'tDISPATOIL" -" .{ -- -- [JULY 25 1887;: .
( '' .. J in order to buy, and await the Delivery His position was a conspicuous and an a recent sale of a cargo, seventeen im-
J\\[ *eti Il '' of the fruit he had purchased before he embarrassing one. New to thebusiness, porters' names appear in the index to
.. .,., !. ''''i ; could] fill his orders. The necessity for unacquainted with half of those who the catalogue, twelve of them are
w-----T-.---r-r-- --- increased facilities to obviate the delays .sat before him, !knowing that he wouldbe Mercadanti, Saitta, Brucato, Dominici -
The New Auction House. we have mentioned will, we think, compared 'with an auctioneer who Marino, di Chintirra, Farina &
--While Messrs. Harris, :Bishop and, be conceded by' those who are most in has not an,equal in this or any other Salamone, Graziano, Amoroso, La-
other.. ', orange kings have .given" the terested, 'an.d' admitted even by those country, it, is not surprising that he Scala & Modica, Bonnano & Minaldi;;
Fruit.y Exchange little in itsefl'ort whose interests they may injure. should have been' solicitous about the the other five are Sgabel & Day, Law-
support, We cannot better illustrate'what we verdict. It is pleasing to be able to rence Giles & Co., Hirzel, Feltmai* &
"" ,.. .to' establish. the auction. as a mean than by.saying that were there say that he proved an agreeable surprise Co., Deharg} Mayer & Co., and Wes-
means'of selling Florida oranges, they but, a single train running ,to Chicago that be made no mistakes, and tervelt.: It would appear beyond con-
I have:evinced their i faith in the auction daily at a certain hour, another train that the only thing apparently lack- tradiction that the countries which
system in joining the movement to put on starting at,a different hour, the ing, rapidity, would soon be acquiredby may be called the fruit groves of the
establish second'auction house in fare being uniform, and the ',time the practice.It world may properly claim to be the
a same, would secure its full ,completeness may be asked why the undertakingwas cradle of its exporters and importers;
New York city for the sale of fruit' of business, for the simple reason carried through so speedily and to the Italian element is now recognizedas
and through which they propose Ijeife- that it would afford accommodationsto this point so successfully. The answer the leading one, and its strength t
after to dispose of ,their immense those who, through business engage- may be.found by looking'over the list seems daily increasing ; larger invoices -
ments, could not, without injury to of directors and its stockholders. and new importers names
We find.the following account appear
crops. themselves, take the first train. With few exceptions almost every one this week in the several sales advertised -
of this new auction house in the last of them show the books of t
The establishment of The New York can upon by the new house.
issue of the American Confectioner? : Fruit and Produce Auction Co., Lim- the auction company as buyers or sel- Those who are familiar with the
,In a business which ,has grown to ited, seems to be'the outcome of a long lers. Every one/of them is interestedin Jamacia orange trade will remember
an immense magnitude in this city, it felt want. The importers and jobbers its success, and each ,one is bringinghis I how short a time it is since it was
has been the belief of several parties recognize in its success increased facilities particular influence to bear to ex- found that private sale was too slow
for years that there was!ah: .qp, I 1ng for for the transaction of their business. tend its business. Its directors are I for the age, and that sale in the auction -
competition i a although' frequently The. buyers, of whom probably nine, certainly to be commended for theirwisd'om I room gave far better satisfactionto
discussed ,no 'faction has been taken tenths are located on the west side of in refusing tempting subscriptions importer and iobber.
until within a few weeks. ''This business town, see a material saving of time to to the stock, in blocks of from A few years ago the arrival of a
:alluded:! to is the fruit business, be gained through its operations It $5,000 to $10,000, from those who banana steamer on a cold winter day
by 'which. we mean the sale of foreign may not be uninteresting to give a re- wished it simply as an investment, and was usually a cause for dismay to im-
and,domestic fruits. There is hardly sume of the organization and openingof offering it to those who have'practicalinterests porter and jobber, and frequently a
to>b&;found corresponding 'record of] the undertaking.In in its success. The stock has,: loss to both. If fruit was to be ship-
such/an increase as' :is .shown i:by,the April last, about a dozen prominent not only been all sold, but the com- ped out of town, each lad.must be
statistics of this business.J It ,is now' i firms engaged in the fruit and pany has applications which it is com- carted to the depot, await its turn to
gro'wing rapidly and the next ten produce business,organized a company pelled to refuse. Aside from its capi- be packed in cold cars, half the timeto
years bids fair for a continued increasein under the Limited Liability Act, with tal, deemed ample for ordinary requirements reach the purchaser in a frozen
:the same ratib.Jit1 $50,000 capital; its charter was granted its directors are men who condition; the only alternative was to
';''is admitted by those .whQ'have without delay, and on May 17th the would not be inconvenienced in raising cart it to the importer's store to be
given the matter ,careful attention initial sale was held. At the outset it a few hundred, thousand dollars packed in cases. Various improved
that the auction room affords the only was thought that the Company would should it be needed, and further than methods have been put into use until
satisfactory outlet for the disposition for some time need but little room,.for this, arrangements have been made today, floats come alongside the ba-
of large quantities of fruit. The, increased it could not be reasonably expectedthat whereby if importers, should wish for nana steamers, on which are specially
\' importations have: to some,extent the offerings for sale at first wouldbe advances, their wants can easily be sup- constructed cars, in which an auto-
; lowered the prices, and have certainly large, so with these views in mind plied.An. matic heating apparatus maintains a
decreased the profits'of the 'importers the :Executive Committee leased the auction Jiqu$eis, .a sapling of uniform temperature. The bananasare
and jobbers!, and while the new building at the corner of Green- slow growth; brains.mainly and busi- passed from the hold of the vessel
lowering of the prices has decreased' wich street and Park Place. This ness ability of high' order are indispensable into the cars; they are not touched
the,auctioneer's commissions, the increased lease being announced it met with re- to success. An auction again until they reach their destina
business has more than offsetit monstrances from several of the stock- house is the highest type of a, commission tion; while in transit they are as'safe
and it '''would be difficult'to, find to- holders that the accommodations woUldbe house. The auctioneer always fromfrost and under the same ripening
. day',a business which, in; spite of its insufficient, and to add to their per obtains the market value, for he sellsat process as though they were in the
generally precarious nature, has afforded -tinacity, the offerings for the first sale the highest :price which an open buyers' own bonana rooms.
such an income as that result*,. were so large that it wpuld have ,been competition ensures., There is never .. .
i ins'from'the management of the,] auctioneers ; found impossible to display them in,. a question as to the price for buyer, VIEWS OF AN ORANGE
who fQr .several years have their new location. An arrangementwas seller and auctioneer make a recordat GROWER. -:
practically monopolized it. then made ,with Messrs, Maxfield the same moment. There is no -Ltarket
Favors a Home But is Not f
Too much credit:cannot be given to &.Co., to exchange leases, which: /'was haggling as to misrepresentation, for
Messrs.\ Brown &Seccomb for their enterprise accomplished' on favorable terms for: the goods are sold as they are. Thereare Hopeful of Co-operation.
,and ability in building. up'an both, i immense business; they have striven have now the double stores, 67 and 69 lower the average. As a whole, the reading matter more intensely interesting l
<6'meet., the requirements 9f a rapidly Park Place, admitted by all to be by sales are quick and positive; the account to your rural patrons than the
increasing business,'and have in their far the best located, and to have the, sales are honest, payments l columns in issue of the 12th inst.
efforts shown a disposition to meet best facilities for the transaction of an a prompt and the market value always, your ,
them. It is not to be'wondered at auction business ,of.any-place on the obtained. devoted to the interview with M. S.
that the hold' they had ,on' the. fruit west side of town. Whatever may be said to the con, Moremen, and comments thereon, pertaining -
trade 'may! occasionally\ ,have mado The ,opening sale, which was held I, trary, the new housewhile it will handle to the disposition of the future
them somewhat arbitrary, and it was May 17th,would ha'\e been held ,two I many lines of goods which have orange crops of this State. The opin-
not,to their discredit that\ they Auldnot weeks sooner but for the builders' failure -* never, or rarely, been sold by the old I1 ions of no one on this important and
;; keep. pace with the situation; ,it to complete the building originally l house, will, to a certain" extent, com intricate problem merit quicker recog-
was a physical Impossibility ; it demanded leased,so that the Messrs. Maxfield':&; pete with it for the sale of Meditera-. nition than those of this gentleman! ,
facilities which, one house Co. could move. The opening sale was I nean fruit. The much needed facilities:I who has most successfully taken the
could not give, and a distribution of F1 satisfactory in all particulars, the for the quicker dispatch In sale and l first step towards gaining a competency
labor in /such manner as would I most I prices obtained were good,. the bidding: delivery, lie largely in that direction 1 by orange culture,namely, making -
benefit both the importer and jobber., spirited, tlie'attendance l large and' the E The ice was broken when a well]l the orange; but now finds himself
The situation for years has been about t; opinion was ,generally acceptqd;iihaj 1 ted E known Italian importer placed s L in one common dilemma-how to reapr
as follows: .With numerous cargoes ar. the J new undertaking was launchunder l steamer's invoice in the new house fO results in money.
riving at frequent intervals, the importer the .most favorable auspices: sale. This was followed by a second, 1 While the FLoRIDA DISPATCH and
must, perforce, take, his turn i in l Without doubt,curiosity was the ,motive and the second by a third; and simultaneously some others,are giving their attention
the,.order of auction sales, no matter .ii f t which, attracted a large part o f came an invoice from f a to this question,it is of mot -
drafts} are rapidly maturing, or: the the attendance. The opening of a ne" second importer. This is significant ment! to enlist the aid of every journal
market shows signs of weakening; IE- auction, house,was not a daily occur when it is taken into account, thai t in the State, and the Board of Trade
view of large shipments afloat, the job. rence, and as ,its success woulde b b>er.4with numerous orders would b< largely due to the auctioneer, mud h has come about a most remarkable as worthy 'of their attention as the
compelled to wait for an auction ,sale curiosity was. manifested? -as to his oeout t. change.as to. the importers. :LI 1 matter. ,of making Jacksonville the
1.1'4 f*?i1 A1- >*V* *wiJ>




i.i ..

., ,"' ,

.:tJjJLY<(. 5, a7.J" THE ITiOKIDA. DISP ,TCa-- $25
m ,.. __ __ ., '. ,.- .. ". y4
Belling mart: ,or shipping port of the the July 4th number of your: paper. Persian,Insect Powder. Repeat this
,cotton.crop or lumber trade, That it will play an important part in Poultry yard every third day, and dust every por-
.};The commission merchant was the the marketing of our perishable fruits, tion of the body, but do not grease the
,first tumil. g-b'ock' in .the rot\ =be no one who has given the matter consideration ," Examine the Combs. body-only the head, neck and vent.
tween the g.tQwer'Md: riches; but\ ,ihere can deny. American Agriculturist.On .
y are numerous .responsible commission i Having: some five thousand orange It is the,easiest thing in the world- .. ...

men,,and they were found by experience. ,trees, many of which .are now bearing, :you know how it is done-to tell when the great mesas of California,at
and all should be in year or two, I :your fowls are in ill-health, even in the foot of the Nevada range, turkeysare
High transportation proved the next have been giving thought ,to cold .1.1I the incipient; stages of any disease or kept in great flocks of from 500 to
and only impediment,;,but freight rates I storage as one, 'of the most promising; :ailment, if;you but examine your flock j 1,500. They are allowed the utmost
werereduced.: Then the exclamation methods, of carrying! our fruit beyond: carefully. The comb of each fowl is a j liberty; and are attended only by a
was against foreign: competition, and i,a ,the season,of glut, so as to get a profitrather 1 true index to the working of its sys- ]herder and his shepherd dog, whose
prayer went up that such, fruit. ]be. than; loss. While on my grove :tem. If they be in ill-health, the ]business it is to keep them in his territory -
taxed, or ;In some way 1 legislated out of at Altamonte; Orange county, last comb will lose color and become far and bring them home at night.
; .the country ; but California comes; inand April, I shipped'to Boston some oranges less firm in texture; as the malady increases Their food is grasshoppers and wild
shows that by CperatJ n she can and; grape fruit, and gave orders I the color decreases, till a very seeds.
) secure terms from .transportation companies that one Box,of each be sent,to a cold I sick bird will show a comb. almost devoid ,
; ; and is independent: of.outside storage warehouse.: The fruit was of scarlet, being of a livid, dull -
JM9.. s. And there is born the idea picked the first day of April. The I crimson, or else pale and ashy in ap- VILLA SITES, FRUIT!
that co-operation must be the final first shipment ,reached Boston April pearance. If the cholera, or any :,
J means. of insuring success Jor.the:Florida 13, and one box of each went into the 'other disease, should come into the LANDS,
grower, and the FruitExchangeis warehouse ,that -day. On June 23, I flock, carefully examine the combs of
broug t into existence.. took put'the box of oranges and found each bird, morning and night, and all HUNTING DOGS,
The result' *is,* that ji''y A. ships to the nineteen. that were more or less decay those which are wanting in that: bright, AND ,,-
Exchange because he has stock or ed. The balance were plump and apparently rich color, which denotes perfect
faith in it, and his neighbor, B., having as good as when they went health, remove at once from the flock, FANOY'POULTRY.. .
invested in neither the one nor the in. to a place remote; where they should |
Other, continues to : ship to his merchant Yesterday, just three months after at,once be put under, medical treat- A. J. ADAMS',
: 0. hasfaithut;; no stpck,, nd they went i into .the cold J storage, I ment. MANATEE,FlA.,
trIes both. Final result, competition }withdrew. the, box of grape fruit. To The comb of a fowl is an honest' Notary Public and Justice of the Peace.
worse than foreign. ,my surprise, not a decayed; one in the index of the true inwardness, and
Has for sale thousand of choice
:' A's oranges bring only $1, because whole box. They were smooth and should be daily consulted by the fan- land on Manatee river,in sight acres of Manatee.
next door 'offers hU'neighbor B's, and, 'plump and full of juice. .these were cier who' values the health and well- 3ralndentown.manufacturers'Ellenton agent and lor Wire Palmetto Fencing, andIs ,
most absurd to contemplate, C. cannot grown on pine land, .which had something being,of his flock. Look at the combof Poultry Netting, Lime, Cement, Fertilizersand
get his price for (his ,oranges ajb his to do with their keeping so well. a laying hen or pullet! She is in Rice,Plantation Granulated Supplies Lime,Rock,Cracked and Shell.Corn Cat-and
me>+chant'B,because he also.baa oranges From ,my experience I do not hesitate the height of health and strength, and tie steam and mill Poultry Feed. ground to order In
on premises.Has
to be auctioned off by the Exchange.Can ; to say we can carry our orange carries her unfailing sign of healthfulness also breeding kennels of acclimated
the growers, whether they be agriculturists crop past,the glut season, and I expectto on her head, in the shape of a riers.Laverack Slow-trail and Irish Bloodhounds Setters, Irish and Bull Colorado Ter-
for generations: back, or have grape fruit another year until jlood-recl, bright and full corn .-Ex. Catch or.TIger' Dogs (for wild hogs,bear and
taken' fom.h 'who 1st. tramps) '
; professional, pursue ,September
this indiscriminate, cu -'throat, The. room ,in which the fruit was Fighting Poultry Vermin in Sum- OUR POULTRY YARDSare
wildcat method of marketing, the re kept the temperature was uniformly] mer. well-stocked with freshly Imported male
birds which are mated with carefully selected
.sult.of years of toil, ,be eulogized as kept at forty to forty-two. I am readyto ,Frequently the most difficult work hens of our own raising, each variety being
menipf sense, to say,nothing of..shrewdness co-operate with other growers in of the poultry man is that of riddingthe orange allotted grove.to separate Eggs enclosures carefully packed In a forty-acre In baskets -
? Individually they may be, and Orange county and, erect a cold storage premises of vermin. Most personsdo at following prices:
the business manager of your paper warehouse, and also take steps to not become aware of the presenceof (Heathwoods White Leghorns), Plymouth(Knapp's Bocks), Pit(Hawkins Games),
,would probably require all the assist- provide refrigerator cars. Why cannot vermin until the little red mites are Game Batams(Shouldlngs), Light Brahmas
(Williams),Rouen and Muscovy Ducks,91.00
ancebe could get tp profitably tradeliraes our Florida, Fruit Exchange move seen in myriads. These can easily be per thirteen.
t|J of them. But collectively in this matter? GEO. FROST. methods. ClaIborne and Cuban Games\Silver Beardedand
wIth| any one destrqyed by using proper Crested Polish, W.F.Black Spanish,Buff
they are not smart, for ,the Boston. July 13..1887. The great scourge of poultry is not Cochins Golden Laced Seabrights and Imperial
simple reason that they cannot be,col the mites, but the l large bodylousethat White White Crested Pekin Ducks Black,81.50 Polands per,thirteen.Houdans,
lected. For. FLORIDA 1 DISPATCH. hides at the base of the feathers, Wyandottes (Prestons), Langshans (Crouds),
Boneys Brown Leghorns,2.00 thirteen;
Cooperation is a word whose mean-: California Apricots. 'on the head and neck. As they are Bronze and Seminole Turkeys per S3.QO ,per
ing is foreign to ,them. Lack of bar. Replying to Pratt Brothers' inquiry I only found there on the fowls, an examination nine.Booted White Cuban Carrier Pigeons,$1.50
'monlous action has proven to be one in your issue of the llth, we have been i of the quarters does not per pair.
of their characteristic traits. The receiving California apricots, and in reveal them, when they may be busilyat
!ifjruif: i Exchange; wants J .conc; r.t qf ac; fair condition, for over a month, and work on the birds. When the hens
,,lion, and, with su J1lwoqld; necessaiily the"cots" have been sold iu twenty to seem to droop without apparent cause, FanCyt Poultry1IONCRIEF
lave been ,an .eminent success. The forty box lots,rapidly at $3 per twenty the chances are that a close examina
,plan ,,under: discussion demands, the .lb. boxes until within ten days, when tion on their heads and necks will reveal POULTRY YARDS,
same unanimity, and,. for the same tie "Galifoi-BiafFruit: Union" inaugu- swarms of these lice. Little P. O. Box 381 Jackaonville'Fla.W. .
reason that ,the growers have, had rated. auction. sales in New York andreduced chicks, especially those that feather W. FENDRIOH,
White and Brown Leghorns, Light Brab
somewhat more of s ,'expet1enc: said prices to $1 per box. This I very rapidly, such as Dorkings, mas, Plymouth Bocks, Langshans.-- and
to'be) 'a' teacher,'and-'for the fact' thatit week a car was# put up at peremptory Games, and Leghorns, will soon succumb nish Wyacdottes Eggs from Until the farther above varieties no-ticewlil at|1 fur per
calls for a' home market, should, sale here and sold for about 40c. per to the large lice, and often the thirteen, delivered at Express office. > .
'recommend'itself'to' every 'grower in box. Their i satisfactory selling de- cause will be ascribed to somethingelse. Mention DISPATCH.

i the State, and enlist the immediate pends only on their, good condition and .
jfjpancjal sympathy of the business;men. ,the w.ay their sale is regulated. Thevariety To prevent lice on fowls, the best
;,0f,ievery class m your city. : called, "peach-cots"; carries thing is the dust-bath, which must
,Thp :annual sale of two or. three best. Nectarines, when sound, sell consist of fine dry clay or coal ashes. y J
million dollarg*worth of oranges would }higher. if the quarters are kept clean! the
{ add largely to the Interest of any city .. .. hens will prevent the attacks of lice
controlling! j it The California Fruit Union are by dusting, but when once the lice put
But this] IS a matter for capitalistsor sending their fruit in ten-car lots todew in an appearance, the poultryman is
'corporations to handle, ,and until| Tprk:: ont passenger train time, compelled to take active measures, as
thej do 8o>| the orange commission :which means ix days to New York the lice must be fought until not a
merchantman:cpptemplate I his ten per-. and five days to Chicago. The California single one remains. Kerosene must The Finest and Beat Poultry Journal in the
centum of gross sales with z'compla; ; frujt\ inen,seem to be well or.gamzed. not be used on the bodies of the hens, World.
cency.-Growler,in New -Her 1d. as it will sometimes kill them. For
Issued on the First of Each Month.
,.fruit Cove,JUly.18.1887. .. .. the large body-lice! first grease the ."...
4 There are, over fifty poultry associations heads, necks, and vents with a mixture ..36.PaJes. and Cover. at Only, 81 pdr Year \.
Nor, the FLORIDA'-DISPATCH." in ,the United States that annu- made by adding a teaspoonful of.crude Sample Copies, 6 cents.. '
.: \Anotheruocessful\ -Test ielwas > .. ally give exhibitions. They have : petroleum to every gill of lard. Useit Address .'
a much interested, in the CoI 1 1Storage' d been.instrumental in greatly .advancing warm, so it will .spread well. Then : c. jr. WARD,
queatiou',, so ahlyetff; ; ; gr Jn I1: the.poultry interests. dust, the hens well with i .Californian or 113 Adams Street Chicago,III.i.i .



i J
: .
, '
: [JULY 25,1887.
:.,, :I Ir' _
'' .
cultivation, as the banner is a surface not know. It is of a taller growth V. Musa Ducrea is another dwarf
;c tropical: Fruits: feeder, and cultivation with hoe or than the "Orinoco," and forms a most species from China, which has been

.. .... .-. plow, however shallow, will in every magni :cent plant in favorable situa- fruiting in European hot-houses since
, '" case take most of the roots, and retard tions, attaining the full height of 1838. It is, however, little known in
THE BANANA.The the growth of the plant rather than twenty feet occasionally. The entire Florida. "Fruit small, averaging
hasten it. On the other hand, a heavy stalk and midribs of the leaves are ofa about four by two inches, flavor deli-
Varieties and Cultivation.Mr. cious. The red stripe on the foot stalkis
mulch all over the ground would keep rich wine-color; are larger
.P. W. Reaaoner, of Manatee\ down weeds, keep the soil underneath and of a more upright growth than broad, and a quantity of lime-like
one of our regular correspondents, con- light rnd friable, and furnish fertilizing those of the Orinoco; the fruit of this powder coats the stem and undersideof
tributes the following article on the material as it decayed.The variety is the "red banana," so well the leaf.:"-Whitner.
banana to the American Agriculturistfor nomenclature of the many different known in the Northern markets. It These are the varieties most com-
varieties and species of the ba. is very prolific, producing bunches monly known in Florida, though thereare
August: nana is, as yet, considerably "mixed." double the weight of those of the others, the identity of which is not
The banana flourishes best in very The greater number of commonly cul "Orinoco." As an ornamental plant, well ascertained, and which are known
moist, rich soil, but will not endure tivated varieties, however, seem to belong there is perhaps no other grown sur- by the following local names: "Chum-
standing water about the roots. The to the species Musa paradf aca. passing it in beauty, unless it be the "Brazil," "Tahiti," "French
best possible ;location 1 for a banana In[ common parlance, the plantain refers "Abyssinian banana" (AT. ensete). (which last is undoubtedly t
patch is on the bank sloping down to to such of these fruits as are improved II. MU8a orientum. The "Lady- synonymous with Musa Gavendithii,
a'lake or "bayhead." The "springy' in flavor by cooking, the banana finger" banana, known in Florida "Fall French,""Apple,""Silver-skin,"
nature of the soil in such a location applying to those varieties whichare "Hart's Choice,":"Golden Early" and "Rand," etc.
agrees perfectly with the roots of the esteemed best in the raw state. sometimes "Cuban Red." This is a c

banana, provided they are planted not The following species and varieties'arethe small, delicate, yellow ,banana, with Items.Several
far enough down to reach standingwater. most extensively known.kinds': very thin,akin;is very productive, and tate .
The preparation of the land, 1. Musa paradisiaca. 'The ordinary ripens quicker after forming than most I _
: : :: :::: ::: : :: :: :: : : : U
for bananas does not necessarily in- plantain or.: "Pisang," native of India bananas do. It is said originally to trees growingat
volve thorough grubbing of new land, (and nowhere on the globe, accordingto have come from Abyssinia; it has been Green Cove camphor are
as on rich hammock or bayhead Charles Kingsley and Dr. King, grown for many years in the West Spring.
tracts, the simple cutting of the trees producing perfect seed, except in the Indies and Bahamas, and locally on The Chipley Times has a beet 22 J
and undergrowth, and "budding" the Andaman Islands, in the Bay of Ben- the South Florida Keys, but was first inches in circumference weighing nine
palmettoes, is'all that is necessary. On gal), is always propagated by suckers. brought into notice in Middle Floridaby pounds.
rich new lands of this soil the plants The typa of this species is the ordinary Mr. E. H. Hart, of Federal Point, Milton, Santa Rosa county, has
may be set immediately after the land plantain of general cultivation in the Florida's most enterprising pomolo- shipped over 40,000 pounds of wool
is cleared, with no other preparation.The tropics. The leaves are spotted when gist. By him it was introduced from this season.
palmetto tops, and most of the the plants are young. The full grown thf Bahamas, and proving as hardyas
brush and logs may be left upon the plant attains the height of ten to the "Orinoco banana," and much Leesburg claims to have plenty of
ground-cutting up brush in the twenty feet, according ,to circum- more desirable, it has sprung.into gen- fine vegetables, home raised, in the
first place somewhat. All this rub- stances. The fruit attains a length of eral favor. It is sometimes erroneously market.
bish will decay just about as fast as eight to fifteen inches, and a bunch called the "Fig" banana, which, Thirty bushels of corn per acre is
the roots of the plants need it, and usually has on it from forty to eighty however, is an entirely different spe- reported from Geneva,Orange county,
much of it can be knocked to pieces "fingers" or fruits. Fruit- improvedby cies. The edges of the stalk and mid- on high hammock land without an
in a few months with an ordinary hoe. cooking, and a, staple article of rib of the "ladyfinger"variety are ounce of fertilizer.The .
The plants then may be set in true diet in the tropics. The plantain has tinged with red, and the small plants Leader satisfied
Honduras fashion, of which a friend been but recently introduced to Flor never show the blotches on the leaves Kissimmee not
gives the following modus operandi, in ida, and has not yet fruited in the peculiar to some species. The plantis with a six and a half pound squash,
the words of a native : "In de fus State, so far as we know, except or of dwarfish growth, usually averag now claims an eggplant measuring
place," said he, "we chops de trees and ,. Torch Key. The "Silk Plantain" is a ing from eight to fifteen feet in height. 21f by 22 inches.
burns all of dey tat we can; den we local name for a superior Cuban va The fruit is most delicious, and per- Mr. W. S. Sands left at the Enter-
cuts de banana sprouts into pieces wid riety.Musa haps not surpassed by any other yet prise Herald office several stalks of
an axe and makes little holes wida sapientum is the common banana introduced. "cat-tail" millet measuring fifteen feet.
mattock about so far apart, in its several forms. Of these, III. Musa Cavendishii. The lid warr' The seed was sown in April.
(the distance illustrated by stretch- the most common in Florida is the or "Chinese banana;"(it also has been Capt. Brack brought us in an
ing out his long arms), den we "Orinoco" or "Horse" banana, knownto named by different botanists,,A/ regia, plant Tuesday which measured twenty-egg
chucks dem in, and away the natives of Spanish America as M. Chinensis, M. nana).,
deyloea.uOn one inches in circumference one
such naturally rich "El Bobo (by no means a compli- This plant is dwarf growing only in and twenty-three the other.-I&ssim-way
annual clearing up with a sharp hoe, mentary name). This banana is one height, for, while rarely attaining a mee Leader.
assisted by axe or hatchet, "machete"or of the most hardy of all, and we see height of more than eight feet, and
bush-hook, will be all the cultivation frequent clumps of it around the farm. often not over five or six, the' stalk The lemon crop near Daytona bids l
they: will need for years. On houses of Columbia, Madison and Ba- will sometimes measure a foot in diameter -, fair to be unusually heavy and of fine
moist hill-side land that is naturallypoor ker counties, in North Florida, and, at the base, and will! support an quality.! Many of the rer not
,the bananas will be greatly bp.ne- indeed, now and then as far up as I immense head of fruit, of from seventyfive only 1 laden With green fruit, out are r
fitted by a very heavy mulch of grass South Georgia, though it rarely fruitsso to two hundred and iifty "fingers." blooming again. &.
and trash, renewed annually, and far north without some protectionin The fruit is yellow-skinned, of fine Mr. H. A. Adams, of Orlando, hasa
rarelydisturbed] ,except to kill such winter. The fruit of this variety flavor, and ships exceptionally well. pumpkin which weighs eighty-three
weeds as sprout up through it. When alone, of all edible bananas, cannot be The leaves of the young plants are pounds. It. was grown on his place,
cultivated on high, dry land, the picked green and ripened away from spotted and blotched with red, as are "Thirty Oaks," a few miles from the
bananas need different treatment, according the parent stalk, and preserve its good those of the plantain, and some other .
to quality and character of flavor. The"Orinoco banana" in per. varieties. This disappears as the plant city.J.
soil, location and ether circumstances.In I fe.-tion must be ripened on the stalk. increases in size. These bananas are W. Hampton,of Auburndale hasa
Middle Florida, where the> soil: is A head of bananas that has escaped favorites in cultivation along our lower white malaga grapevine he brought
all of a sandy character, the banana observation by boys and 'coons until coast and keys, on account of their ;. from California fifteen months ago,
will succeed almost anywhere a good the.rich golden bananas are dropping short stocky growth, rendering them which is now over one hundred and
corn crop can be produced. ThorvUgh from the stem from over-ripeness is a less liable to damage from hurricanes, fifty feet in length.
preparation of the, soil,fertilizing with "find" that the lover of fruit may well and high winds. It is somewhat more James Stewart, of Tropic, has dis
commercial or home-made manures, go into ecstasies over. Of course, this tender as regards frost than the posed of the last of his tomato crop,
and a heavy mulch (renewed annu- variety cannot be shipped, which ren- "Orinoco" variety. The plant seemsto having shipped in all 472 crates, for
ally) will produce good results. In a ders its cultivation less profitable, except have reached Florida about twelve which he received from $2.25 to $4.50
';;,few rich and favored spots, among the for local markets. The fruit is years ago from the Bahamas, and per crate.-Indian River Nem.
Ten Thousand Islands,and along the shaped liked the plantain! though from the.department at Washington, Guava around town loaded
mainland of South Florida, the ba- smaller, rarely more than six'' or seven at nearly the same time. trees are
fruit that the
nana is planted and cultivated exactly inches in length,and with more sharply IV. Musa maculata. The "Fig ba- with green showing
as corn is treated. The soil in angular sides than most bananas. nana." This is said to be a small- crop will be an unusually large one.
earlier varieties should
these locations varies from a very Whether the "Red Jamaica" banana fruited and delicious, purpleskinnedbanana ripen
rich shell hammock, to a light-colored (also known as "fled Spanish"or the stalk of the plant showing within a few days.-Orlando Reporter.
clay and sometimes a blackoam.. "Baracoa") could properly be black spots and patches. Fruit very Some of the farmers around Peru
We,are not in favor of this mode of classed with this species or not, ., we do spicy, and of excellent'flavor. are beginning to grow broom corn

h J!/. .

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.. 6. .
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1j j 1 .


f JULY,. 25, 1887.' -- --THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. -- 627' .;
,1 "

Mr. W. B.Cobb,of the Florida Broom three feet high,and some of the leaves 1 bourn which was a wonder in its way. .of Orange, J. F. Stapler of Hamilton,

Factory, pronounces it of a very superior will measure two feet long by eighteen: ]It was raised on high pine land with- W. H.Sharpe of Brevard,S.H.Stromof

quality. This company gave inches wide and from fourteen to I out a particle of co mmercial fertilizer Gadsden,Solomon Sells of Leon,H.

i farmers the seed.-Tampa Tribune. twenty to tbe stalk. It is estimatedthat compost of green material being all, H. Thompson of Polk, Junius Taylorof

I A fine lot of large :purple figs measuring he will have at least three thousand the tree has ever had. Is is of the Leon,Junius Turnbull of Jefferson,
each 9} inches in circumferencewere pounds, for which he has been Thurber variety, over seven inches in Samuel Turnbull of Jefferson, W. W.

presented us this week by Mr. C. offered twenty-five cents per pound.- circumference and equal in flavor to a Walker of Wakulla, D. J.Watkins of

J. Shine, who grew them in his gardenon Recorder.We Crawford. The tree is but three- Baker; H. H. Spear of Gadsden.
fourths of inch in diameter and has
an ,
Calhoun street. They were as are informed that J. S. Dixon
large as ordinary pears; five of them will house this year about-2,000 bush!; been set about four months, Air. Mil- 800,000 ACRES
bourn also has number of
filled a quart measure.-Tallahassean. els of corn,besides he will make from quite a or- ,
buds but old.
anges on one year -
r Mr. J. P. Kerr's Japan plum trees forty to fifty barrels of sugar and syrup. ''DeLand Chronicle.
He will also kill from fifty to,seventyfive ,
i are now covered with blossom again, FLORIDA LANDSSituated
which is a very unusual occurrence. head of hogs the coming winter We claim the world's belt for the

The trees matured a heavy crop of and will have 2,000 pounds of pork production of vegetables in this sec- In tbe Counties of Nassau,Duval
fruit this and the for sale. Mr.\ Dixon is one of our best tion, and if Osceola county don't make Columbia,Sawanee,Alachua,Lafayette Marion -
spring, present set- Hernando.Sumter, ulla
ting of fruit will ripen before winter, farmers and demonstrates what can be her name famous, it will be because Brevard.,, Polk, Manatee andMonroe.

making two crops this season.Highland accomplished by well-directed effort. seed fail to germinate. We base our .
fress. Leesburg Commercial.A claim upon the fact that this section TOWN LOTSIn
has produced cabbage weighing thirtysix -
On our recent trip through the Delaware grape graft set in Feb and three-quarter pounds, cauli- the Towns of Kissimmee,Winter Haven,
found ruary 1886, into, a wild vine ten or Gordonvllle,Bartow,Auburndale Lakeland,
county we hops growing splen flower weighing twenty pounds, rutabaga Seffner, Mango;Orient Eagle Lake, Haskell,
didly in nearly every locality,'proving twelve years''old had, this season overa thirteen and Kathleen, Richland, Bade City, Owensboroand
turnips weighing Pemberton. *
thousand bunches of perfect fruit,
that they are well adapted to our soil three-quarter pounds, radishes weigh A Map and Descriptive Notes showing the
and climate and that be not less than one hundred and fifty location of these lands will bo furnished on
they might It had been ing twenty-one and a half pounds, application to the Land Department of the
added to our list of money crops. Why pounds. grafted by a sweet potatoes weighing eleven pounds South Florida Railroad Company. .
.woman who did not know what she
not? Lake Tobacco Plant.
City and four
I ounces,squash weighing sixty
GEO. Fox
was doing, and in her ignorance made ,
Mr. H. H.BOBS has in his yard a little that vine with its wonderful load of and a half, etc. These are facts that Chief Clerk,

patch about 12x18 feet of pearl] fruit. There are bigger tales to be can be proven if doubted.-Kissimmee SANFORD FLA.HARDWARE .

millet which is only one month old told about grapes in Florida.Mr. Leader.. .
from the seed, and has attained height;
of four feet. He feeds his cow fromit J. C. Foster, living a little overa FARMERS' CONVENTION. : : !
mile from Sanford, exhibits to us ", '.
and has it down four >
once a day, cut
List of Delegates to Atlanta Ap- .
specimens of raised him :
peaches by ,
a times.-Lakeland Cracker. -
pointed by the Governor.
the largest of which measured nine .
Mr. Otis Richardson budded the inches by eight and three fourths in The Governor has appointed the

Astracan apple on a LeConte pear circumference. They grew on seed- following delegates to the Inter-State GEO. L. McGoNiHE;

stock last year, and now has a lot of as ling trees, the product of Convention of Farmers, which will be : t

fine apples as can be produced any- from Tennessee. This demonstrates : held, in Atlanta, Georgia, August 16;
(New Building Old Stand.)
' where. He thinks the will be
apple a that though we may not have our 1887 :
success in this section, when grafted on peach trees bear occasional John Anderson of Volusia, Thomas "
every year, yet 40 & 42 West Bay St., Jacksonville, FU
pear stocks.-Bronson Times. "hits" compensate well for the Bowden of Duval, J. O'C. Blount of '

Colonel G. A. Karweise, a civil engineer space they occupy.-Sanford Journal.In Polk, J. V. Brown of Columbia, E. B. -

of large experience, and representing the grounds of the editor, of the Bailey of Jefferson, P. P. Bishop of Hardware, Cutlery, Stoves and Tinware,
a considerable amount of capital Reporter be seen a single leaf of Putnam,R. J. Bivin of Madison,J.A. Honsefarnlshlng Goods Granite and"*

is in Pensacola for the purpose of: the Caladium may, which measures Castell of Lee, C. F. Cone of Hamilton Agate Ware, Sash, Doors, Blinds..
investigating the feasibility of establishing inches twentysix inchesin A. S. Uhalker of Clay,W. J.Dan- Oils, Agricultural Implements, .
across by thirty-four
Iron and SteelRope,Belting,
iel of Jackson Jame H. of
a large plant for building iron Dowling:
length. The plant is from a bulb Hose and Packing,Pumps,
there and also for the manufacturing Bradford E. N. Dimmick of Dade,

ships set last February. It has had no Steam and Water Pipe
of machinery, putting in dry special care or fertilizing. The soil George I. Davis of Gadsden, M. C. and Fittings, Four
Drew of Madison B. J. Earle of
docks etc. Steel Galvanized
and climate of South Florida seem
- It is said that the phosphate beds of specially adapted to the growth of this Alachua, A. L. Eichelberger of Marion Fence Mantels Wire,, ,
R. Fairbanks
of Nassau
Florida are sufficient to last her a plant and the tuberose. Five, thousand George Grates, -
thousand, ,ears. Why should not the_ tuberose bulbs are growing in the John Finlayson of Jefferson, F. A. Ete.
of of Gads-
Fleming Clay,B.Floyd
State derive a revenue from them as same grounds.-Orlando Reporter. .
den E. W. Gillen of Duval H. B.
South Carolina does? all :
By means
let have rather Mr. F. N. Horton brought us P. Hines of Jefferson, J. R. Jlerron of Agent For ',
us a geological, or
paleontological, survey of the State as sample each of Kaffir corn, Doura or. Holmes, F. A. H .ndry of Lee, R. H. Orange LIghtning Powd erFarmers'Friendand
Senti or Egyptian corn, and two kinds of Hall of Alachua,P. Houstoun of Leon, Boss Plows Dangler 011 Stoves,
net soon as practicable.-Orland millo maize. While all show a ,fine T. J. Jackson of Liberty, J. R. Johnson Perry & Co's Celebrated Stovrs and
} growth and a high degree of perfec- of Jefferson, William Judge of Ranges,Southern (St. Lows)White
We are reliably informed that Mr.\ tion, Mr. .Horton is of the .opinion Santa Rosa, H. R. Jones of Walton, Lead,Mutu'1"s Pure Colors In Oil,

r Martin proposes to build a woolen that Kaffir corn will prove the more W. E. Lopez of Lee, John Milton of Masury's Paints Railroad, Fairbanks'& Liquid

factory in our midst, during the com- profitable for forage.. The stalks are Jackson, D. H. Mays of Jefferson, Standard Scales

a ing winter. It will certainly prove a large, soft and more thickly covered 1 William Miller of Washington, F. M. AGENT FORChattanoogaStove
paying institution, as we have the with fodder, while the heads are large McMeekin of Putnam, H. G. Mason STATE

I fuel, water and raw material in abundance and well filled with grain.-Manatee. of Alachua, F.D. Pooser of Marion, J., Co's

A Chicago house bought over Advocate. D. Pirrony of Calhoun, E. E. Pratt of f ,}

$300,000 worth of wool in this county Captain Dixon Reed brought over, Hillsborough, 0. P. Rooks of Sumter, LOOKOUT STOVES.

during the past year. DeFuniakCritic. from Santa Rosa Island several speci- T. J. Roberts of Leon, J. P. Roberts PRICES SAME AS IN CHATTANOOGA.

mens of a which he had found[ of Leon, J. H. Redding of Madison
pea '
: '43-Tin Roofing,Sheet Iron,Copper and Tin
Mr. George E. Dennis has on exhibition growing across the bay, and exhibited[ William Smith of DeSoto,.J. G. Speer Work order

at his store the largest pear them to a reporter. The pea is of a
ever seen in this section. It is of the brilliant red color, about the size of a

Bartlett variety, and was grown on white bean, grows in a pod about the VANDERBILT

the plantation of Col. W. S. Jones size of the green peas, and on a bush 3 ,
four or fire miles from this place. It about one foot in height. The Captain UNIVERSITY.

weijr's' eighteen ounces and measures says it IB altogether a stranger to him, ;\y SEVEN DEPARTMENTS!
thirteen and a half inches in cir um- and others who have seen the speci DZFABTMKKTS of literature.Science and
:::;; : Philosophy Engineering. Law. Theology -
ference..-Lloyd Correspondent Ne\o mens also deny an acquaintance with a- ,and Pharmacy open September
Students In tnmtsbedJ')01D.Stn
Theology are
Herald. the pretty things.-Pensacola Com Wesley Ball and tuition FREE.
DEPABTjiEsrrs :it Medicine and Dentistryopen
has mercial. Oct.1st, 1887. FEES: In \cad mlc.
Mr. C. Lightfoot, of Madison, Engineering Pharmacy and Dental Departments -
three acres in tobacco, which is readyto A peach was brought' into our: office I.) $9O; Biblical,$65$10 each;j Law Technology,$1OO;Medical free

be cut The, stalks will, average I yesterday,from the place. of Mr. Mil- WILS Catalogue WILLIAMS.: free on application. Naihvllle.TennII to -




t,_ ,.. iII"_.. .. .... '.
.1. I.
I .1." if .H' IS 2, "' ; ', '. _.. '_ -. -; .a l'_. tJ 11i'
'_ --i'BE PLORtDA DISPATCH .[JULY..25,1887. .

-- ---- -----

The the comparative examination, and discussions iop*> expressed by many that something The Hoffman .Seedling Strawberry.

J'iuuselI: of value be obtained from
} regarding new fruits, send might This extra early and most prolific berry,

them out on their merits rather than some of them. Native shrubs are also now grown very extensively around Charleston -

The Nurseryman's Possibilities and claims-and receiving attention, and this fall it is and Norfolk for its great shipping,quality

, Duties.Commissioner extravagant by encour- proposed to try cuttings: of all of them and its handsome color and size,is the best

Colman aging the introduction of improved that can be obtained. Attempts have berry now.. i' grown for the Northern market,

before the ,in his address methods and systems, and by scrutinizing been made this season to obtain plants, t\id. has superseded all other varieties wher-
nurseryman's convention at f) introduced. I am now growing a large
Washington,said that the nurserymancan the work of the individual members from ,soft-wood: cuttings of three species stock of plant that is now ready,for the fall

do more than any oiie else to those who are naturally carelessare of huckleberries. Of these, one species trad: A'l parties wishing to try them will'
\Vaccinium corymbosum) roots readily, please apply to me for circulars, as I will sell
the world
convert from a wilderness their
placed upon guard. A themt a very' low rate.OLIYER.
into and 10,000 cuttings of it are: to be
a garden. He can teach the
lumberman healthy rivalry and emulation is the started in the forcing house to be MOORE,
and the farmer how to
make their acres of forest yield more result. A wide field of usefulness lies planted in the spring. Prof.: Bailey 15 Blake Street Charleston S. C.

of lumber and fuel than they now do. Before the Florida Nurserymen's Association thinks that three,\ .years will probablybe .

He can show land holders how to prevent required before they fruit, but
hopes for good results at that time. Sr.J
the .
most valuable trees, from *-<
being overrun and supplanted by Buying Nursery Stock-The Best The experiment of grafting cultivated rD

those of ,inferior; quality,and how to, Way. plum varieties on natural stocks is o
also being made with apparently excellent -
replace the latter, where they exist, At the last meeting of the Michigan
results. ,
We were aPond's ax
by those of better character. He can (
Horticultural Society E. H. Scott ina '
show all about him how to beautify .seedling grafted on a wild Grows all kinds of Fruit Trees and Vines,
paper summed up his conclusions in stock that had already made over four Large stock LeConte and other PE'ars8 Persimmons
their homes by the judicious planting substance as follows: 1. Take good Peen-to and other lings
feet of this Several
of around growth season. cheap. Send for Catalogue. ,' .
trees them. And
.every horticultural papers to keep abreastof PrunusPUsardi have also been treatedin W.W.THOMPSON,
nurseryman's home should, of course, the times. 2. Live men advertise. the Smithville.
It that
be a model in this respect. It shouldbe same way. was seen 'I
advertising columns and "
study: study
the ] of better
at the same time his business ad- foliage was appearancethan
3. Know that
your man when on !'ootsofcultivated: sorts. PINH-APP1E SLIPS.
and an encouraging ex- is reliable. 4. Be sure yourself what with ,

ample for all who live near him or kinds1 you want to plant. 5. Find out also Experiments in We vegetables shown are '
progress. were a
who merely see his home as passing what kinds do best in local- .
your own field in which 80 sorts of toma- 13'.50
travellers. were Red Spanish or Key Largo, Large, '
ity. 6. Go slow on new varieties. toes six of each kind. 'These per 1.000; |115 per 10,000. ,? ,
The plants Red ,Small,11.50
Commissioner also recognizedthat Such over-estimated.: Old varie- Spanish or Key Largo per
are ,
1.COO |95 1 ,000. ;
were planted to test varieties, as regards ; per
the nurseryman has duties to perform ties treated as well would do much ( Porto Rico.Birdseye,Sugar Loaf and Egyptian -
and is under obligations to his productiveness"time of ripening, Queen,$l.2iper dozen; $7.50 per 100.
better. 7. JDo not, buy stock Cavendish Banana Suckers not
nursery: modes of training, etc. In order to ,
patrons. On this point he said : Eyes,$8 per 100.
which is cheap. Cheap prices
obtain idea of the of varie-
an fixity Carefully packed and delivered at freight-
One of your own number at the last cheap quality. 8. Pay first class prices house free of charge.
ties sold different seedsmen .
as by ,
Terms, Cash with order.
meeting of this body declared that /
and insist on getting the beat. 9.Have seeds of the Paragon tomato were obtained Beferences Wm. A. Bourse., Tysen, Smith.
nurserymen generally were not as A Co. :-oi "
stock properly packed if
even from all of them and the
products JOHN B. BEACH,
careful should be in
as they to
at increased cost. 10. Examineon
an will be compared with each Indian Biyer..Nurserfes* ,,
the trees sent out by them. This con- its receipt and report its condition other. There also 150 Melbourne,Florida.GRAPE ;.
are: strawberry
fession here at home ought to be
back to nursery ,at once. He would varieties for and of
heeded, and to have more force than testing purposes '
plant young trees, never over twoyears
illustration. An acre or two of stand- VINES
any rebuke from those outside. It : old.
ard varieties as Crescent are plantedfor
should, stir every member of this association Peter Collier advised care in buying J -
the use of the College, and to give s3utted to the Soil and Climate.(
to a new carefulness. Study trees by the foot-so and so many feet students work and about dozen :
only a
should be given to the whole arrange high. You don't know whether ,
plants of each of the other kinds are
ment of the and its of ,
nursery' system will get two or four year old trees. !.'

management, so that mistakes, may be President Lyon advocated setting kept. GROWN AND FOR SALE AT,, dSan

few as possible. The one who) handles young trees. He had once replacedtrees If 'bads 'Luis and Andalusia Nurseries
our people can ,
thousands or hundreds of thousands of procure
in an orchard with old froman "
ones the almond tree they bltd'' themon Near TALLAHASSEE, FLA.
trees in a year may think it 'a small old They lived and that'sabout may
nursery. the stock of the native plum 'or E. DUBOIS, Manager.Send .'
thing that occasionally trees are sent all. Smaller .. .
trees since planted : .' ,
out not true to name, or not in a ahead. peach tree, and produce nuts in a for Catalogue and order early. Send,
got way I short time and at a small expense.-- also,for Price List of
condition. It is
healthy a little thing
Secretary Garfield said that in his Florida

to him; but not so to the one to whom locality buying is done by the help of Agriculturist. : FLORIDA WINES.
they are sent. The mistake is a last- the horticultural society. The members -' An enterprise is on foot to start a'

ing one to him, entailing disappointment 1 talk over best kinds and then buy mammoth nursery of' olives 'near' the

and a sense of wrong year by i by the\ car-load, sending a man to the town of Naples, in Lee county. FAIRVIEW NURSERIES lj

year, as long as the trees live and by nursery. They get better terms and .' ,

their fruit bear witness afresh to the better trees. Nurserymen have gradesof LIVE OAK, ALA., Dec. 13th, 1886. O. B. THATCHER j t -- t
wrong which has been done. stock 'that are not of the best which Messrs.A. T. SHALLENBERGER; & Co.

Another, matter which: concerns they must sell and will to those who Rochester, Pa. Gents.'-:'Last' spring, Manager, ,

nurserymen as well aa seedsmen is the don't insist the I received by mail from YOU.a bottle of ;( ,,; i' .
growl right
method or methods frequently ; way on your Antidote for Malaria for my brother, San, Mateo, Putnam County, Florida..
adoptedin getting the best and you get it. who had chills for more than six months.He .
introducing now plant and seeds to frequently broke them with quinine, <
These rules are in ,
just as applicable .
'I' ''* '
public notice. Exaggeration runs riot but they would soon rwbrn I gave him The best varieties of the Orange* and Lemon j
in:many of these descriptive notices. Florida aa in Michigan. Do not buyof the medicine you sent, and he has not and other Citrus Fruits. .
had chill since. It has made ; ,.
a a '
Who ever saw an announcement ofa tree peddlers who profess to represent in his Choice varieties of the Fig,01 recent Intro

new variety .of pear that did not nurseries outside of the State. Yours cure truly,case.' W. W. PERDUE. duction. ,H.'c'. :

claim for it exemption from blight, or In dealing with those who claim to 'low." The attley Guava,both the Red and'YeI-

anew grape that was not rot-proof, -

berries never cracking or dropping represent Florida nurseries, be sure The Peach and Pear.of the sorts best adaptedto ,
from the that 'have sell for the soil and climate of Florida.: *-
bunch, and that would grow they authority to ,

equally\ 'well from Georgia to Alaska responsible parties who will make good ORANGE TREES The Japan Plum,varieties of the Mulberry
Hart's Oaolce Bananas,Grapes,Pecans,etc.
or a strawberry that does not at ,once any mistake for which they or their ,
49-Ca alogue tree on application.RErKBaxcsCrosby .
supersede all other strawberries, at FORSummer .
agents are
least on paper. k Go wen.Ban:Mateo;
,. Hon. G. W. Lyle, San Mateo; W. J. Webb,
,\,Nothing does more to correct carelessness I': Planting.Budded Pftlntka.
..... Native Fn lts. .
exaggerations, and to protectthe Prof. Bailey is now giving his attention
Nurseries of Lake Weir Co.
public from dishonest dealers than to the development. of native

associations of nurserymen. There fruite. Visitors to the,Grand J '.,;Rapids Trees of Choice Varieties 100,000Orango and Lemon Trees,
Our trees ,three
are very thrifty and Jour
should be a society of this kind in meeting of the AmeriranJP0molojicalSociety [[ 1 year old stock,%to IVi Inch diameter,with '
will remember,_the I latge,display to 13 inches diameter, two year old bads. one year old buds. Nurseries easily acces-
; Also Sour all sizes. For tf ble to Florida Southern Railroad. Bend for
State. The exclusion of"snide"dealers Seedlings sale cheap.A
every of them he had for Which Catalogues. Address. ,.,, *.
Jf. protects the': }*l .It* Wilder medal awarded H. MANVILLE, E.B.FOSTER;Manager,
intelligent buyer, a was and the Jackaouvill04Fla. d.c2I-ljr: South Lak!Weir,Fl*.


j628 \>:..::".'


r' .


, ,,' .i

:'.::"-:' 1\\ ---'oil:; . _.. .'.- ---. t. h -.1. .. '. )iI'. .." .. .. j '., .' ..

; :'f/'' !r', .}*JULY.,.>- ', #sr 26;,1887.wWrJS' .] ....'_'.. ......,....... THE" FLORIDA DISPJLTCH.CLEAR G$<<
{ I .
I I '. .


, .r', ; ,I Choice and Improved Varieties of Tropical and Semi-Tropical seedling of the Peen-to;by A. I. Bldwell, of Orlando, Fla.; In quality best, sprightly,
t i Fruits, Plants, Bulbs and Flowers. juicy and sweet; the only variety yet brought forward ripening with the Peen-to it is supe-
' : Special attention given to and and old rior to the latter in size and quality;it is not flat like the Peen-to but is a round peach of
setting tending budding pruning
w' young groves standard shape and high color. The original tree,the seed of which in the
t ones,planting Lawns and Flower Gardens. All work guaranteed. E V' We are also agents was planted winter -
of 1882 Is now six inches in diameter and has
for fruited finely the past three seasons,yielding
HuKsey'a Coulter Harrow and the old reliable brand of Geo. W Baker's Flesh, Blood and
It( t Bone Fertilizer. All inquiries promptly answered. Send for Catalogue. Call on or address, four ready bushels for market.this season,the first ripening May 7th,to-day(May 2oth all left on the tree are
tf,' ; DUNCAN BRO, Clear Water Harbor, Hillsboro'County, Fla. JAS. Orlando, FI.-


r 1t t The Lakeland Nursery Company ,

Kelsey Japan Plums, Olive Trees, Oranges, Figs, lemons,Pecans,
Are now in readiness to forward a of theirS
} copy By the dozen,hundred or thousand,also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
U :u: :MEIPL: T 3fc LICE: : ::rr: : S Ti Florida and the Gulf States. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season of
188788. Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application.
a Communicate with E. H. TISON, Manager ,
t June 15,1887. Lakc\land.Pol k ('A.i Fla.t G. L. TABER, Propr.Glen St.Mary, Fla.
r ,
,>:: G-a1n..e -v :11.e N-o.rser,

NEW PEACHES A SPECIALTY.GAINESVILLE 5,000 Superiors, FJLOKIDA., ripens In'May, size above mediumquality Budded Orange and Lemon Trees,

r beet of all. 5.000>Thomas,late,ripens in September; single specimens have weighedk
a pound. Bid well's Early Wonder,and five other new varieties will be found in stock. Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruit Trees,Vines and Plants. Trees strong and well'rooted
J .J" 10,000 Kelsey Japan Plums; 20.0(0()( LeConte,Pears 20,000 Japan Persimmons, 2 to 10 feet and especially adapted to outh Florida.
high,and 100.000 Orange trees,of all good varieties,will be sold CHEAP FOR CASH. An inspection is invited. AU inquiries by mall promptly answered. Catalogues sent free
!I Many miss it who buy,elsewhere. 0', '. on application. R. D. HO Vlivar Hi1lslw ron h Co.. Fa. '


I Lemons! Lemons! Genuine Navels. ,. "".

Our new Catalogue of Rare Exotic Plants, and general Nursery Stock,is now ready.
r ORDER NOW, before our stock of Villa Franca Lemons is out. We have Just sold 7,600 Price 15 cents
t of this choicest of all Lemons for Fall delivery, but have some left Our bearing Lemons Postpaid.
: are loaded. We shall ship In July and August and publish results in the"Dispatch." (Mailed tree to all customers.)
I We have also beautiful' lot of the GENUINE Washington Navels,budded from one of REASONER BROS.,
the ORIGINAL TREES we received from Washington nine years since.. Also most all Manatee Florida.
.1 other varieties of Orange,Lemon and Lime. ,
The Double Imperial Navel and Atwood's Seedless Navel we now offer for the first time
1 to the Florida Orange Growers. We shall have for Fall and Winter delivery a few hundred FRUIT TREES VINES AND PLANTS
j, of each of these varieties KEDNEY & CAREY, Winter Park,Fla. ,


GEORGETOWN NURSERIES. The Orsage an.c1.: LeD1c

In variety,other Citrus Friuts, LeConte and Keifier Pears; Japan Plums, Japan Persimmons
4 LEMON AND ORANGE TREES Figs, Guavas,Grapes,etc.PEENTO ,
I Budded from tried and approved varieties, and on good healthv tocks., and HONEY PEACHES A SPECIALTY

\ rult Trees suitable to Florida.' Address, A. H. MANVILLE & CO.',

i AARON. : "WVAJB3B. E Greorgeto w .11, Fla _"Lakeland, Polk County, Fla., and Drayton Inland, Putnam County, Via._
\ May 16'83 tfTHE Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.

\ Fr-a.i-t1an.c1. 1irseries.

stock of Fruit and Ornamental Trees specially adapted to Florida Is doubtless the
j most varied In the United States. :Many valuable additions have lately been made to the
i on hand and for sale a large stock of.fine lists of Fruits suited to sub-tropical sections. In addition to the usual large variety of fruit.
Budded and Sweet Seedling Orange Trees. we offer 100,000 Peen-To,Honey and Pallas Peach Trees also,Kelsey, Botan and
other Oriental Plums,Oriental Pears,Japan Persimmons, Grape Vines,StrAwberry -
I Stocks five and buds one,two and three years old. All the leading named varieties' ; wel Plants etc. Our stock of Roves, Evergreens. Palms, Acacias and flowering -
\. grown and well rooted. Budded Peach and Nectarine Trees,Roses,etc. Send for shrubs includes everything of value for Southern gardens. A special Catalogue(No.4)
descriptive'catalogue before giving your orders elsewhere. is published for this branch of our establishment,and will be mailed free to all applicants.We .
,:,- do not employ agents. Send your orders direct to-us and avoid being imposed
L. W. L.IPSEY & CO., Citra Marion Co.
Fla. upon by irresponsible itinerant tree peddlers_

y ORANGES, Valrico Nurseries EEIttONS, W. W. HAWKINS &, SONS,
Pomegranates '
1 i ,Figs, .

Peaches U rapes,, TROPICAL AND SUBTBOPICAI., Pine-A Avocado'rsl, :L..ake George N'1.1rserLes: '

Pears, Anona, Will have an exceedingly fine lot of trees for the coming fall and winter's trade,especially
I Pecans, Catalogue Free. Acacia, of the RlversIdeNa.rl.' The burfsof this variety imported from California ourselves,
; Oriental ;>erium, and know that it is genuine. Also a fine stock of Tan jrertne, Harts Tardl,and the
Plums andPersimmons W. G. TOUSEY, Caladium, other leading varieties. And last,but not least,the Bidwell's Early Peach which is
; Polncl'"na, going to be the best paying Peach in the State.
; LIMES, Etc. &,ier, IRlkborough Co., Fla. PALMS, Etc. Send for Catalogue to
Lake George, Fla.

i Budded Orange Trees,from one to three years:old,for planting during the rainy season. .
.1 Orders taken for all varieties of Fruit and Ornamental Trees,to be delivered the coming
Choicest Varieties of
t- Fall and Winter.

\ And delicious Fruit Trees,Vines and Plants in every variety. inquiries promptly an-
swered. Address C. S. BURGESS, :Manager,
j SUNSET HILL NURSERIES. Riverside, California.
; 'i.' !..\ f

Catalogues,with practical hints to new beginners, free on application. Our list include Nurseries of the Milwaukee Florida Orange Company,
the choicest'Varieties of the Citrus family grown. Also, ,

Peaches, Pears, Plums, Grapes, and other Fruits.Our Dunedin, Hillsborough County, Florida.We .
make a. specialty of the. DISTINCTIVE varieties of CITRUS J'RUITTREE8, Including
stock la one of the largest In the State. Thornless and Early Fruiting varieties* Double Imperial Riverside(buds personally selected in California.by a member of our com-
specialty. pany) and. Washington! Navels,Maltese Blood, Hart's TardifT, Jaffa, Du Bol,Stark'n Heed
.R.. W. PIERCE, less,etc.,etc. In Lemons we have Villa Franca,Sicily,GenoaBelair Premium and Eureka.
Indian Springs,Orange Co.,Fla. Also Tahiti Limes, PeRches,Plums,White Adriatic Figs etc.,etc. Our stock is large,com-
plete,well rooted,thrifty and clean. Special term on large orders. Catalogue free on ap-
plication. Address A. L. DUNCAN,Manager, Dunedin, Fla.
Deer Island Gardens and Nurseries
B.ockyJ3ran.ch:: ]N cLrseries:

Keifer Bartlett Lawson and Uarber's Hybrid Pears a Spe
LeCoiite, ,
Pot .Grown Semi-Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Plants and cialty.
Vines. No Loss in Transplanting.
Catalogue, and Price I 111 Free,on application to the Manager. Address Summer contracts,Special Rates,will now be given. Address

c... .. Oakland,Orange Co.,.Fla., Montlcello Fla.'

l' ,.::&11i m.C>. :D.:1ieNu..rseries.. '. .

thousand choice Lemon and Lime Trees for sale. Ten thousand fine Florida
TO FLORIDA Sixty Orange,
A full lint Of NURSERY STOCK :ADAPTED : includingall
the grown Peach Trees,of the Honey and Peen-To varieties: also two new varieti***,Hybrids of
Honey and Peen-To named by us Chinese King and Chinese Queen. The Chinese King
New Fruits and Flowering Ornamental Trees. ripens in May. The Queen ripens three weeks later than Honey. Our evening bearing orange
Catalogue; and Advance Price"List Free. will give you ripe fruit the year round. We have the genuine"WashingtonNavel sent to us
T.. ,_. ,-H..L.,WHEATLEY: direct.from Washington.' Big discount on large orders. PEIiTON"
monteIOrange.County,Fla. B. Lake, Manager HelenjFlorida.,



':'1; t630 o .. ._ 26,4

------- ---- ------------

Old residents in this section say that i SOUTH FLORIDA RAILROAD. .,

the channel of the St Johns river. be- ] Jacks DUvtliB, (Central Standard. Time.) ON AND AFTER MONDAY, May 23, 1887, 8:30 a m,Trains
'* ? will leave and arrive as follows:
twee this place and Blue Spring SOUTH BOUND. NORTH BOUND.

thirty years ago, was from ten to m- \ Tampa ftKeyWesf By ::- a .to: .=> C'i"' ;' ... .&o .0
&.. '"
rz;. t :
aSo dam p..o as aSo dam as a .
,teen feet in depth, and that the current S S.,

'; was swift Now the ,channel isi Direct all-rail route between Jacksonville, .8z. 3z = I qz pZ .a d gZ S.' a kz 'nz aZ .c x.
E i :: CIS .STATIONS. m CIS as
Green Cove Spring, Palatka Gainesville. d u I z l1 g a- ,
from six to ten feet deep and the cur- Ocala, Leesburg, DeLand, Enterprise. Titus = "I .: g 1: 1: = "I Q -t::; Q '
2 < rz;. <
rent sluggish. They predict also that ville, Sanford, Mt. Dora Tavares, Winter I Cl2
,it*is a mere matter of time ere the Park, Orlando, Tampa and Southern Florida. : ; -;; -;;; AX AM Leave--Arrive ; ; -;M -;;- -;; A M -
Time table in effect June 27 1887. Central '
( ... ... .
upper portion of the river will be in standard time. A means a. m.: P means p.m'' ) o "s'4 Ti '5'00 10'20 Tio : .S nfoM:::,115 2() .sio .5"85 3 45 ,

the hands of the drainage and 3 8 50 4 48 518 1032 455 .Belair....... 112 150 8 0812 48.. 518 333
reclaimed GOING SOUTH.Lv 4 _. flee.. nfl.. ....... '..... $Crystal Lake_ III ...... _... _..... ...... ......
-land committee, and that the 1 Jacksonville from b., F. & W. Ky Station. 5 8 55 ..... 5 23 ......_ _'0. Bents.._ 110 1 41) 8 OJ ....... .. -..
beautiful St Johns banked I Cuban 10 '905 4)8;) 53'i' 1057, 5.25. _.Longwood 105 134 7 5012 rr 4'58 31O', "
winding Pass. Mail. Pass. 13 913 504 540 1107 543 ?.Altamonte.., 102 127 7 3712 30 430 258
with its picturesque tropical growths, Daily. 14 918 5 07 5 45 11 13 5 55 ..... Mayo .101 120 7 go 12 26 4 20 2 50
STATIONS. A. M. P. M. P.M. 15 922 510 5 DO 1125 610 ....Maitlad..100 115 7 251223 415 245
will l.be in the historic past.Ve are Lv Jacksonville............. 8:00 12:30 3:4": 18 930 518 568 1140 630 _Winter Park... {11 107 7151215 4 00' 235'ro

borrowing no trouble on that score Orange Park....._.... 8:30 12:56 4:18 ...... ...... ...... ...._.. _.. ...?'Wilcox..... 95 ...... .. ....... .....
Green Cove Spring... 9:05 1:24 4:64 22 9 45 5 SO 615 12 20 7 30 ......Orlando.... 9312 55 7 0012 02 3.0 215

however, but are still continuing to Ar Palatka..._............. -10CO 2:11 5:53 25 ...... ...... ...... ._... ...... ......_Gatlin .... 90 ...... ...... ....... ...... w... (i
Lv Ttalattm......**........**.**. 10:05 2:15 6:00 26 9 55 588 6 25 12 43 7 45Jessamine..? 8912 40 6371149. 3 00 152
,enjoy, at every opportunity, the beau- Pomona................... 10:40 6:34 Z7 9 68 .. ... ...... ...... ..... _.Plne Castle... 8812 37 ...... ...... ...... ......
ties of the St. Johns which are mani-- HuntingtonCres.C.( ) 10:51 6:45 80 1000 545 635 12 55 800 ..BIg Cypress... 851230 6 251142 2.f8 140
Seville...._.............. 1115 3:10 7:10 34 1015 5 57 6 50 .A M 113 815McKinnon?. 8) 12 20 6 13 11 32 PH 2 32 '1.2.S .
. fold on Lake Monroe.EnterpriseHerald. DeLand Junction..... 12:08p 3:52 8P5 40 10 30 t6.25 7 05 6 00 130 8 55 .Kissimmee. 6 001120 9 05 215 105 .-

Ar DeLand (DeL. tty... 12:25p 4:10 8:20 44 10ro, 63a PM 810 PH ..... ....Capmbells.. 711145 A 1t 1105 850 P K 1240
Lv DeLand (DeL. Ry)... ll:50a 1:55 7:40 52 1058 652 630 940 ..Lake Locke. 63125 1044 S 25 1208 (
Mr. H. S. Ferrar of Fulton Fish- 67 1115 7 02 6 42 10 02 _.Do.venport.. .. 581115 10 32 810 1150 '
.Iunc 12:20
Lv U Orange City 4:01 8:18 61 1125 710 6 62 1017 ..Haines <1 ty.. 541105 10 22 7 55 11,3,1) ,
eries Yates of Menhaden Enterprise Junction. 12:32 4:12 8:31 05 47 53 10 07 7 85 11 -
Captain If .7 24 710 11 ..Bartow Juno. 10 10
Monroe...... . 12:39 4:18 8:38 7211153
*** *** *** 431040 I 10'
Fisheries,' North, and others, have Ar Sanford ..................... 12:52p 4:30p 8:48 77 12 00:: 7.38 731 7 7 03 20 1125 1140 ._..Auburndale.tFltzhughs.... 3810 28 9 954 44 7 650 05 10 as 50

leased Calypso Island, in .the.St Johns A. M. P M. 83 1218 75'1 j805 12 30 .....Lakeland.._ 321015 930632 10)0 =
Lv Sanford...?_............ 9:00 5:00 9.1 123 812 8 3.1) J 20 ...Plant City... 22 9 53 9 05 5 45 9 2S
river, fourteen miles below Jackson Ar Sorrento...................10:12 5:57 98 12.53 8 50 ....._Cork._. 17 9 38 ._. 5 25 ...
,ville and intend fish fer- Mt Dora..................... 10:32 6:13 103 100 8'32 9.05 2.05 .......8effner._. 12 9 Z1 835 508 8 90 '
putting a
up Tavares....................10:48 .6:27 10i 1 12 8 38 9 22 215 ....... Mango...... 10 9 22 8 20 5 00 fJ1

tilizing manufactory. They will beginon Ar Enterprise................ 4:25 115 1 20 9 38 ...... ..?..-Orient?..... 6.915 ...... ,4 48 I......
a small scale and enlarge as the Lv Enterprise.............. 4:30 1 35 9 00 950 255 Ar Tampa Lv 0 900 800 430 30
** Osteen.............**......... 4:55 PM PH' AM PH AM PH PH
success of the enterprise may justify. Ar Titusville................... 6:32 *.Jflag Bunions. Trains .No.and e leave from and arrive at J., 'i. & K. W. Depot. No. 3,
Even from the first they can employ Lv Sanford (So Fla Ry). '4:10 and 6 Dally. Nos. 1,2, 4.5,7, 8 9 10 Z7 and 28, Dally except Sunday. Train No. 6 will stop
Ar Orlando..................... 5:32 only at Plant City. Lakeland, Bartow Junction, Kissimmee and Orlando. Nos.2 and 3 stop
about fifty men to catch fish, out of Ktssinimee........ ...... 6:15 at Kissimmee for Lunch No. stops at Lakeland for Breakfast. No. 8 stops at Lakeland

which will manufacture the fer- Lakeland .................. 8:00 .for Supper.
they Bartow....................... 8:40 Trough Tickets sold at all regular stations for all points North_ East and West. _Baggage

tilizer. The waters thereabout abound ." Tampa (So Fia Ry..... 9:10 checked through. _.. __________ __ .
'in shad and other fish known as the Lv Palatka (FlC So Ry) 10:05a Pemberton Ferry Branch.-S.F. R.R.
Ar Gainesville ?..,.......... 12:20p Sanford and Indian River Railroad.
fowl and bony fishes. From; these the Ocala ......................... 1:18 Sou h Bound North Bound.
oil will be Leesburg................... 3:15 Read Down. Read Up. '
expressed by machinery, Brooksville.............. 5:40 m F'st Ac. F'st Ac. m ,. Dally except. Sunday. ..
the remains; after being treated to the GOING NORTH. =" M'L &Ft STATIONS. M'1 &Ft =" .'"' ". :. ....

phosphates, will be manufactured into Cuban Mail. Pass. Pas. : 19. 21. 20. 22. )t South Bound. North Bound.Read .
fertilizers of Very great value. Dally. P.M. A.H A.H P.K. Dowd. Read Up. i iPas.
Pas. !
5.00 7.00 Lv Pembert'n Fery Ar 9.50 4.5057
Tampa (So Fla RR) 8:10 '" ; &Ft -
1 5.04 7.05 9.45 '4.4556 = &Ft 'STATIONS. =
U Lakeland .................. 9:30 3 5.10 ..._ .7.05Fitzgerald..._... .Orlole . ._ 9.40 ..._ 54 25. ; f .I.2 .
,PIANOS) ORGANS & MUSICAL GOODS Bartow..................... 6:00 6 ..._ ..... . ..Bay City.. ..._ 51 -- -
Kissimmee...... ......... 11:20 6:25 11:40 10 5.25 7.35 ............ -Macon... 9.Z3 4.15 47l2 ....... p.m a.m _....
h"-, Orlando.........__...? 12:25a 7:1012:05p 5.35 7.43 ._.....Owensboro..._.. 9.15. .07 45 o .._... 5.501v.......Aanford.......ar 8.00 .......19
I Genuine Bargains. Ar Sanford (So Fla R R 1:00 8:20 1:15 16 5.50 8.08 ..... Dade Clty....._. 9.00 3.50 41 3 ...... 6.03 .........Fort Reed.......? 7.42 _. .1b
Lv Titusville................ U:28a 23 6.10 8.45 ......?...?..Richland_........ 8.42 3.18 34 5 ....... 610 ..._. ...Rutledge __... 7.32 _....13
"' ** Osteen ....................... 1:12p 82 6.80 9.15 ......_ eTeddervllle.:. 8.22 2.4025 7 ..-. 6.20......._....C1ydes. .. ... 7.20....... 11
Ar Enterprise............_.. 1:33p 87 6.45 9.40 .......;_Kathleen.... . 8.10 2.2020 12 ...?.. 6.35 ........._.Cllfton ...:...._ 7.03 _._1 6

'Being Sole Agents In the South for Lv Enterprise........ ...... l:37p 49: 6.50 9.52 ......Grl1Iln's M11L....... 8.03 2.0817 13 ....... .*Tuskawllla.. 6.55 ...._ 5
I' Lv Tavares................... 7:00 ll:40a 43 T.20 10.30 ...-...?.Lakeland?...:..?. 7.55 1.5514 17 ....... 7.07 ..._.... OViedo........... 6.40 _._ 1
GHICKERING, MASON & HAMLIN, MA- :Mt Dora........ ............ 7:13 11:57a 51 8.00L11.20IArrlve.Bartow.L....... 7.80 1.00 6 19 ....... 7.15 ar_.Lake Charm....lv 3.20. _..... 0
'- 'THUSHEK,'BENT ARION Borrento.................. 7:38 12:17p 57 va. 7.1512 0 ."
Ar Sanford >....:..........._i A :M 8:25 lSOp Uartow .nCb--lJallY.: No. 8-At Lakeland with train for Bartow,

Lv Sanford.,,.................. 1:15 8:20 l:35p I at Bartow Junction with train for Bartow.No. .
}Ionroe..: .............. .w 840. 1:44 South Bound. .i orth Bound. 11-At Bartow Junction with train from
,:PIANOS d Orange City June.... 1:46 8:59 2:02: Pas. Pas.s Pas. Pas. Tampa; at Bartow with train from Pemberton -
-. n .,' I DeLand Junction..... 2:00 9:12. 2:13 No. &Ft ::'" arATION ::'" &Ft 140.A Ferry,and Florida Southern Railway for
1L' 13. 12. Punta Gorda.
i Ar DeLand(DeLand Ry) 9:30 2:27:
No. 12-At Bartow Junction with train for
"u -
4 Lv DeLand 8:55 1:55
o ORGANS M P. K Lv Ar AH. P.M. Sanford.
Lv Sp:1ngGarden......... 2:19 9:31 2:30 11.45 7.40 0 Bartow J'nc 17 10.40 7.10 No.13-At Bartow Junction with train from
Seville:............ .. ... 3:02 10:09 3:10 12.oo.7.M 5 WinterHvn 1210.25 6.55 Tampa.No. .
Huntington (Cres C) 3:26 1029' 3:31 12.20 8.12 .Eagle Lake 8lo.M 6.35 .14-At Bartow with Florida Southern
MASON &TIAMLIN, BAY STATE, Pomona......_............ 3:38 10:40: 3:41 \ train from Punta Gorda; at Bartow Junction
t :" H Ar Palatka ...._........_.. 4:15 11:12 4:14 1255 .40I17 a Bartow lV 01.9.30 6.2Ot with train for Tampa.No. .
PACKARD.ORCHESTRAL, AM AM 15-At Bartow Junction with trains L
Lv LeesburgFlaSoRy( ) 10:55 CONNECTIONS.TRAIN from Tampa and Sanford at Bartow with

benefit of 0 Ocala......................... 12:43p No. 1-At Sanford with People's and Florida Southern Railway for Punta Gorda. _
Everyone given our one price system '. Line Steamers from Jackson- No. 16-At Bartow Junction with trains for
Gainesville................ 6:45 1:30 DeBary-Baya -
and prices guaranteed Easy Ar Palatka_............_... 10:40 4:10 ville, and J; 1. & K. W. train from Titusville; Tampa and Kissimmee.
terms of payment, and payment of freight as- Junction with train for Bartow No. 19-At Pemberton Ferry with Florida f
sumed by us to Purchaser's nearest It. R. or Lv Palatka..........._...... 4:17 11:17 4:19 at at Lakeland Bartow with train for Pemberton Ferry.No. ;. Southern Railway train from Gainesville; at
,steamboat.. landing.. Green Cove Spring... 5:2112:19p fi:16 Lakeland with train for Bartow Lakeland with train for Kissimmee.No. .
; Magnolia................. 5:23: 12:22 5:18 at Bartow 2-At Junction with trains to and from; .2 -At Bartow with Florida Southern
1 Orange Park........_... 5:58 12:56 5:48Ar
Sanford with and De- Railway train from Punta Gordaat Lakeland -
Bartow at People's
Jacksonville_ ........_. 6:30a 1:28p 620p Bary-Baya Line Steamers for Jacksonville with train for Tampa; at Pemberton

and J., T. &K.W. ti ains for Jacksonville andi Ferry with Florida Southern Railway for
BANJOS AC- Three trains Jacksonville and San TItnsville. Gainesville and Palatka.No. '
VIOLINSpGUITARS! > *. ,', ford. No change of cars between Jacksonville. i: No.3-Has Pullman Sleeper and Through : 21-At Bartow with Florida Southern
', CORDEONSand and Tampa. Coaches without change between Jackson- Railway for Punta Gorda.
The.12:30p.m. Cuban fast mall train awaits ville and Tampa. Connects at Sanford withJ No.22-At Bartow with Florida Southern
the arrival of the fast mall from the North ,. T. & K. W. train from Titusville; at Bar- RaIlway train from Punta Gorda; at Lake
all kinds of small instruments offered at and stops only at the principal stations and tow Junction with train for Bartow; at Tam- ..land with train for Tampa.
lowest prices. Send for our'illustrated cata- at Lemon'street, Palatka, making connection pa on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays Connections are made at Tampa by the
logue. .' Tampa with steamers for Key West And with Steamer Margaret for Manatee River, Limited West India Fast Mall,both north
,<..: I', Havana on Monday and Thursday evenings.! and on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays and south bound with the elegant and com
yArtIst1Zatertala Pullman Buffet Sleeping cars are attached to with Plant Steamship Company's ships for modious Fast Mail Steamships Mascotte and
this train from New York through to Tampa, Key West and Havana.No. Whitney of the Plant Steamship Co., to and
and to 8:00 p. m.train from Tampa through to 6-Has Pullman Sleeper and Through from Key West and Havana and with steamer
Washington. Coaches without change from Tampa to Jack- Margaret for all points,on Hlllsborough
Direct connection is made at Palatka with sonville. Connects at Tampa on Tuesdays, and Tampa Bays and-Manatee River.
J> ". the Florida Southern Railway to and from I Wednesdays and Saturdays with Steamer Passports can be applied for through any
Picture Frames Gainesville, Ocala, Leesburg,and other points Margaret from Manatee River,and on Sun Notary Public,and Notary's certificate that
"' Fine Pictureii "- reached by that road. Also with the Rt.Johns days, Tuesdays and Fridays with Plant such application has been made, when vised
and Halifax Railway for Ormond, Daytona. Steamship Company's ships for Havana and by the Spanish: Consul at Key West, will an.
At wltb stages for Crescent City. the of a Passport. ,
Fancy Good*. Huntington Key West, ewer purpose
;.;/v, At Oranage City Junction with B. S:, O. C. & No. 7 At Lakelana with train for Pemberton w. }MCCOY
n Album, Stationery. A. Ry for Lake Helen and New Smyrna. At Ferry. Gen. Freight&Ticket Agent
'. Monroe with Orange Belt Railway Apopka .
We can save,,you money 'in anything In and Oakland. At Sanford for all ,points : > } -- --
.Music,""Art.'ors-Fancy. Goods." Write us for reached by-South' Florida Railroad. -
prices. :* Steamer leaves Titusville for Cocoa, Rock- .
ledge, Melborne and all intermediate landingson ,
Indian River, at 8 a. m.,Monday,Wednesday MERCHA '
and Friday. Returning, leaves Mel- FRUIT AND PRODUCE s,,

bourne,at 5:30 fI.. m., Tuesday, rhursday and
LtD. : City ticket office, northwest corner Bay and Inaugurators of the Ventilated system of shipping Strawberries from Florida(without.t ice).
*. Hogan sts. L. C. Demo, G. T. A.. Our Sales and check for shipment closed out.: week.
Reference: Acc't Saturday, every that
'Of', 'j M. R.MORAN, Gen. Snpt. andG., P. A.b ;, : "l

._ ,


1 -


L :' {

I; JtnY, 2b,1687.'f, ., ;,.. .. .. .1." 0' 'IHJ:' :: ORIDA..'DISP&TCE_._ '...fSit: ,..'l'tJ !i

.. ,,', ,

", BTI & ;
TIME .. -FOR- f 4, ."

53-to. { '55 (tHOURS NEW YORK/$ }; < Y1 SHORT LINE RAILWAY&I6ATIONCO. l'" j

} New York All Trains ,on this Road are run by Central
btandard Time. j
And Philadelphia
and between Boston AND Passenger Trains will leave and arrive daily SCHEDULE IN EFFECT MAY ?, 1887. ;)

and Savannah as follows: Standard Time 33 minutes slower than Jacksonville *, "i

Arrive.1ackwnvIlJe.............._.....MM12&> n'n i From To' ':\
Leave Jackson vilie_._._......... '....... 7.0u a m Arrive Leave ;
Arrive Waycross..........__....._...... 9:18 a m Read up. WEST Read down. '
Ocean Steamship'Company. Arrive Jt sup._ ...._.....:.:?......__.10:32 a m No 10 hot Not No 9 .:
Arrive Savannah...._.. .........,....,..,...12:0 p m 1145 a 7 SO p..Jacksonville_. 800 a 300 P x..
Arrive Charleston_.._....._.........? 4:40 p m 103 a 6 50)p........-Baldwin...._ 841 a oj C2 P ":," j.
(Central or 90 Meridian Time) ,. Arrive Rlchmond_._........_.._.... 6:51 a m 10 to a 6 2S p...___lacclenny..??,. 902 a oj 31 P .#
: Arrive Washington........................11:30 a mArTI 9 54 a 623p..._Glenht Mary._ 9(1T a 437 P .,
PnMsog-'e U ntos : f e BalUmor ........................_.......12:40 p m 93.1\a 6 t::8 p.__ andeT'8oD-?.... 9 ZJ a 4 M P ,
:Between. Jacksonville and New York 1st clas S2U75; : Intermediate$16.75; Fxcurslon. $ nf. 0; Arrive Phlladelphla......? ...... ..... 3:10: p m 907a( 5 45 p.....?.-Hlulltee.9..... a 520p
... Steernze 111.75. Arrive New Yofk.._............_..._ 5:50pm! 833 a 519 p........Lake City._1010 a 600 P
'I Jacksonville and Boston, let class'$25.U0; "Excursion $13.50; Steerage$12.59. Pullman Bullet Cars to and from NewYorkand 757a 452p ..._ .Wei born-... _.10S5a 641 p
THE Hagnincent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: Jackson I In and ullman I Bleeping cars 743a 44'tpM..M.Houston.' ... _.1048a 658p
to and prom Jacksonville and Tampa. 727 a 4 27 p...... Live Oak.. _.1068a 7 3l4 p ,;
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK 6 40 a 400 p.EllavtUe.ll a 8 V8
CITY OF SAVANNAH Capt. F. Smith .. ............Sunday July 19- 4:00 p.m p :
NEW XXPXCES 06 01 a 326 p....,_..Madison_.. _1201 p 848p _'
CITY OF AUGUSTA Capt. J. W. Catherine...... .....t...........Tue r1a.JulY'19-4.80p.m 'ORLEANS ,' ? ,
52Ia605a 2 5 p..Gr nvlJle..12 00 :
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Cs pt.Kempton ........ ....................... Friday July 2 227:00: p.m Arrive Jacksonville.._...............__.. 7:45 p n.LeaTeJacksonvllJe. 2 37 p.... ....Aucilla.Driiton._, .1248p p 9 925p<7p107pl009 '
NACOOCHEE Fisher 24 -8:00a.m .........__..?._.. 100 u m *? '':
4 Capt. Sunday,July 4 46 a 220p... __
v Arrive Waycro&s ...___..._ 9.18 ro N |-r :
UITY OF SAVANNAH. ,, ..... ....Tuesday, July-HkOO: a.m NLMNI a
CITY OF AUGUS TA Capt.-J.W.Catherine.....' .;. Friday JulyfcJ- lWp.m' Arrive Thomasville.NN._-......__.-N. 1:22 p m 515 a 250 p..ar..Montlcello..arI35p1035p .:
CHAT CAHOOCHEE, Capt. Kempton..... .....:....-.:. Sunday July.318:30p.mNACOOCHEF Arrive Balnbridge._......._._.___ &35 p m 4 20 a 165 p Montlcello.lv lv 1240 P 9 SO p ..,
,Capt.Kempton ., Tuesday,Angus 2- 5.oOjsmOETY Arrive Chattahoochee............;..._.... 4:04 p m f 46 a 220 p.?_...DriflonLlod. __ 1 07 p 10 09 P143pJ035p ".
I OF 8AVNNAH,rapt. F. Smithl....... ...............:... Friday,August 5-7:00ae m Arrive Pensacola via L. A N.R.B-....10:10 p m 4 22 a 21)0) P...__ ........_ 1
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher........ .Sunday,August 7- 8.iOa.m Arrive Mobile via L.AN.R.R............ 2:15 a m 4 05 a 130 p.....MN_Chalre -.... .158 P 1049)>
CITY: AUGUSTA Capt. J. W. Catharine.................... Sunday,AUlp...._.Tallahassee...._ 2 27.p 11 5<)p "''?
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Kempton: .._.............__ ....._-..._..Tue dty,August 9- 9-Oa.m{ Pu ]man Buffet Cars to and from Waycrossand 225a1235pM.M.M1dway....._.'254pl24d. i140a1209p.
I ACOOOdEE,Capt..1 iuher- -....-..--...... :..--.._.._......Frida ,August 12-120 m New Orleans'via PensacoU and Mobile.A. ..,......Quincy..._ 321 P 14U*
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. 12 48 all 50 p_. M t..Pleasan t_ 34lp 230a.: 1
a LINE JEXPBES3. 12 01 a 11 25 p. .River Junction. 4 ns 8 80 a +{
CITY OF MACON Capt.W. Kelly.._.__.-.-............-..-......Thursday July 23,at 7:00 a. m Leave Jacksonvllle_._..._......-....... 2:05 p mLeave p
'.ATE CTtTY! Capt. Hedge...._....-....._... _.......-....._...--Thursday,July 28. at 12.00 m Callahan..............................2:47 p m SOUTH. .' :"
CITY OF vf ACON.Capt W. Kelly......_..........._....._......Thursday August 4,at 630 p.m Arrive Waycrosa.........._.................. 4:40 p m MAIN LINE. .:;rt:
UA.1'E CITY, Capt. Hedge ...._.....:................._._....Thursday August 11,at 11:00 a.m Arrive f:3avannah.:: ....._......;......N... 7:.8 p m No. 4. No.8. No. 7. No. &. .;
FOR .PHTT nELPHIA. Arrive Charleston .......... "....._.....-. -.. 1S5' a m 10.15 a 4 05 p....? FernandlnaCallahan. _..10 in a 4.00 p ',.
[These Steamers do not Passengers. Arrive Wilmington.........._....,......._.8:25 a m ..*_.*. 241 p.__. .._.1127 a ":"
carry Arrive Weidon......... ........._......._ 2:4U p m, 680a 230p141p .. Jackson lie_ 11 35 a1241p 900 ,.(,1
JTJNIATA Capt.A kins...._......-...._..-._.....--.._.-.._-.Saturday,July 237:30 p. m M ? ? p .
{ DESSOt G, Capt.N. F. How s_........-..-.._......_.'"......._ -.Saturday,July 30- 2OOp. m Arrive Richmond.nM..M..MM..M.MMM 6:00 p m 5 15 a _... Baldwin.Highland.__ 1020p1105p "
J iNIATACapt. Askins.--:........._......_.-......"!"..................Saturday, August 6-7: 7:00 a.m Arrive Washlngton.._....._-..._?...NNll:00()( p m 425a408a 110 p...."... ..._ 110 p
........._ ........ ..
UE88OUQ, Capt. N. F. Howes.....,........-.._.............._..._Saturday? ,August i:3up.m Arrive New York .. 6:50 a m l 00 p..Lawtey.__ HIP 112-1 P ':
Pullman Buffet. Bleeping Cars from .Jack- 3 45 a 12 45 p..N.....Btarke ___ 132 p 1147p :
THESE PALACE STEAMERS, sonville to New York. 3.U5a218a 12.05 p..... ..MWal4Io.._.M 1.55 p 12.29 a I
Jonnecting: with the Savannah Florida'and'Western Railway (Waycross Short Line) 1144 p..._ Catnpvllle _4 217 P 100 a115ft
To the Traveling Public and Shippers ad vantages"equalled by no other EASTFXOBTDA KXFBB3S.: 2i2a 1131 a-?.Hawthorne. 22ftp
R Ttuaugb Tickets and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North,East and Northwest Arrive Jacksonville .........._..._...... 9:45 a m 113 a 1104 a...._... Ci l ra M_ 255p 2 02 a. .;1.
i Tia Savannah. For Information and rooms apply to Leave J ack onville._....____..... 4:15 pm -- 10 23 a..JSllver Spring_ 338p i,.
HENRY YONGE, Agent, O. G. ANWR8ON Agent, Leave Waycross.....__....__....__'7:20- p m 1150 p 1010 a..._..Ocala_.._ 362 P 815.
Pier No.35 North River New York. City Exchange Building Savannah Ga. Leave Gainesville .._........._..._.,.. 3:45 p m 1100 P 9 43 a.... .Belleview........ 420 P 4 00 a ,
( 'RICHARDSON & BARNARD.Agents, Savannah Pier, B.eton. Leave Lake Clty................._. .....__ 325 p in 1020p 918 a._.:.....Oxford.!._ 444 p 435& I;
W L.JAMES Agent 13 8.Third Street,rhUadelphla. Leave Live Oak.............................. 6SP m 1002p 9f8a.. .WlldwoodLeesbnrg __ 4 55 p 453a535a ,,;
t J. SORREL.ENMlutern Agent, Sav.,Florida: & Western Ry. Co.,261 Broadway,N Y. Leave Thomasvllle.-.......?.......10:55 p m 915p 8 40 a...._ ___. 529 P ':".
G. M. H. R.. CHRISTIAN, Soliciting Agent. Arrive ...._...._...... 1:22 a m .9.00 p 8:31 a.........Eldorado.._ 529 P ,5 60 a
For Tickets apply to S F.& W.Railway office.T Arrive Montgomery via Cen. R R.._ 7.-26 a m 880) p 815 a....*.. -Tavares-_.__ 5 45 P 6 15 a .
.. Arrive Mobile via L.A N. R.R.....,_... 1:50 p m 710. p 6 55= a...._Orlando ?._ 706 P 8 15 a .
Arrive New Orleans >la L. & N. R.R. 7:20 m ';j
x. DELL. p
x. Z/KWCJLE. A. Cedar
W. Key Division.
Arrive Nashville via L. &N. R. R.?. 7.1)5 p m (

STATE BANK OF FLORIDA.Safe Arrive Louisville via L. A N.R.R._. 2:12 a m 10.15 a 4.06 p?._.Fernandlna-.......J0.1 t a 4.00 p ,;'
Arrive Cincinnati via L. A N. R. RM 6:30 a m -- 2.47 a --
Arrive St.Louis via L.&N. R.R..... p.Jacks onvllle..11.35 '.
i M. 7:35 a m &70 a 2..50 ; a 9.00 p ;
: Deposit Safe.I Pullman Buffet cars to and from Jacksonville 30a 1.45 p........Haldwin.__12.45 10.20p
I Open 'Daily (Sundays and Legal Holidays excepted). Banking hours 9 a. m. to 8 p. m and St. Louis via I,
Thomasville Montgomery 4.25 a 12 40( p......1ILfkl rrt1...._ 1 32 p 110M p
i Safe Deposit hours 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. and NashvilleEAST { ,, 4.18' a 12.20 p....... _Lawley_._ 1.41 p 11.2-1 P :

I Fire and Burglar Proof Boxes for Rent $10 _$15 and $20 per Year. TENNESSEE EXPRESS. 3.43 a 1159 a..N..Sl t ark A M..._ 2.11I1 P 11.47 p030a :
Arrive Jackson ville......_..............._,7:25 a m 305a 1115a.......... Waldo..__ 285p ,.,
Leave Jacksonville ..........._....._.... 7U()p 1035p' 1055 a10 -. .Fslrbanks._ 257p 7 00 a :
:W. R. BAKER, C..Iller. HENRY A. L'ENGLE, Manager. Leave Callahan...._.?,..?.............. 7:40p m 945p 35 a.....?.Gainesville.-.... 3 23 p 900a945a
Arrive Waycross _..._..._..........N 9:31)i)p m 825p 9 45 a..._..Arredondo... 8 43 p J
,,, Arrive Jesup-.....N................................107 p m 7O p 9 00 a...__.Archer........ 415 p 11 00 a :
OUR FAVORITE" FERTILIZERS. Arrive Macon via E. T.V.& G. R. R. 3:50 a m 6 tt8 30 a..._.. Bronon ..._ 4 45 p 11 60 a ,
Arrive Atlanta via E.T.V. &G.R.R.. 7.-20 a m 3SOp 6 15 a..... .Cedar Key_.... 6 35 p 230pTampa
g I Arrive Chattanooga E.T.V.A G. 1:35 p m

FOR BOTH ORANGE TREES AND VEGETABLES. Pullman and from Buffet Jacksonville Cars and and passenger Chattanooga.coachesto Division.

10.15 a 4.05p-..-.FernandJna_...10.10a 4.00p .;
o SAVANNAH EXPRESS -- 2.41 p..Callahan...,,.,..1L27a -- '.
Arrive Jacksonville. .... ..._...._. 5:30
a m 6.. 0 a 2.30.JTaclcsnnvllIe -l 5a $P.OOp
) ;'. SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO SANDY SOILS I II. Arrive Galne v111e. _._.....................10:30) a m '5.3H a 1.43 pM..,..?.Fflldwln_._12.10 p 10.20 p
Leave Jackson vme..._......... M.N ... 9:00 p m 3.C5 a 12.05 p..._..WaJdo._ 1J35 p 12.25 a
Leave Gainesville.._.._......_._._... &45 p m 11.50 p 10.10 a_._...Ocala_.. 152 p 3.f. A
; Supplying Not Only Plant Food, but Organic Matter. Leave Lake ctt)".....N..._................. 3:25 p m 4M)( p 9.04a_.Wildwrod. ....,.. 525 p 0 30 w i
Hi < MMMMWMBMIIBMBIWMIBI. MMMBB, Leave Live Oak.................................... 6:55 p m 4l5p 83Ja ...Panasoflrkee.?... 546p"1005a
,I Arrive Waycross................... ?_._Jl:45 p m -- 8 2S a.oumtervme.? .._ 5 56 p --
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS PER TON OF 2,000 POUNDS : Arrive Albany via B.A W. R.R..._ 5.4'.0 a m 308p 752a.. St.Catherine. 35p 1067a :
: Arrive MM cor via Central R. R....._ 9:10 a m 2 50 p 7 40 Wlthlacooctiee_ 6"W p 1118 a.. s'
t a VEGETABLE, MANURES: Arrive Atlanta via Central R. R_..:.? 1.05 p m 218 p 7 17 aNN..Owensboro....._ 7 08 p 1157 p

Ammonia., ..........".... 4percent | Phosphoric Acid. ............... 23i percent Arrive Arrive Savannah Chattanooga..._via..._W._&...A.....R.R.......... 7 6:10*5 p a m m IMp 7 00 a..._Dade City__... 7 25 p 12 25 p
Sulphate Potash..,........ ....... 6 cent f,
per Artlve Charleston..M.. .......??..........11:40 a m
Pullman Buffet Cars Jacksonville to Cincinnati Jacksonville Branen .',

Ammonia..........:........"..... 3} percent I Sulphate Potash......:.......percent. Chattanooga.and through coaches Jacksonville to 10 15 a 5 50 p_FernandiBa--00 a 400p
Phosphoric Acid................ 5to6jercent I| Potash actual....................53) per cent Pullman Meet.Ing Cars to and from Jacksonville 945a 5 2S p__Hart'BRoad722a 429 P
9 14 a 503 p__-.-.DuvaJ...-._ 7 46 a 6 03 p
The remainder consists. thoroughly pulverized humus. ., : '. and Savannah.Through 3 30 a 43)pM..JacksonvlBe- ?.820a 5 45 pSt
'" t Tickets<< sold to all points by Rail 4F
and tsteau ship connections and baggage .Marks Branch.
HO MUCK WEED BE USED WITH THESE FERTILIZERS. checked through. Also Sleeping Car berths
and sections secured at the Company's Office 12 16 pm ...__.__.Tallahassee._.. 830am843am :
F i in Aster's building,82 Bay street,and at Passenger 1157am -.__-.-...Bel1alr.....___
TJ STIMONIA i Station, and on board People's Line 1058a m _...__Wakulla.._._ 940am
!Steamers H.B. Plant and Cliattaboochee and 1030am -..-.-.-.BL Marka -.-.-...._..1005 a m
,.tI have used "Our Favorite Fertilizers Orange Trees Roses and Garden Plants
i /DeBary-Baya Line Steamer City of Jackson
better. ("a"means a.m.time. "p"means p.m.Urn e.)
and want
I do not anything ville. WM. P. HARDEE,
HENRY G. HUBBARD. Crescent City, Fla./ General Passenger Agent. St.. :Marks' Branch trains run Tuesday l'.
I tried your Fertilizers on Onions;Cauliflowers and other Vegetables. I consider It n R. G. FLKMTIfR: RnpAr1ntnneeut. Thursday and Saturday only.
excellent and cheap Fertilizer, which will greatly improve the land, and is not !strop ya Leaving time is given in every case except
stimulant. where arriving time is named.
H. LEGLER, Haskell Trains 1 and 2.1 and 8,9 and 10,and train
on Jacksonville Branch run daily.

.. CHORT-HAND Trains and 4 dally except Sunday :..
.- PRICES PER TOW' + xt Trains 1 and 2 have Pullman Palace SleepIng -
t ; Orange Manure.,*.. in sacks $24 001 J 1 Vegetable Manure .... .in sacks |17 00 0 iS lessons ln either art,If)eta.; both arts 20 ucn ct*. Cars to and from New Orleans. .'
m w,N j6 5VVi""' ..' "'-'...::.... .inbbls. 2500l ,<"" II *-, ,/a,. ..r.4.-4lnbbls. '18 00 No stamps accepted. Sead direr or poets not*. Trains 3 and 4 have through.Pullman Reclining
*.*, .\ ... i. ': '.* r TheM lesson are complete..and an ue same from Chair and Bleeping! Cars to and from ,
". -,.... which etodent are taught at tlaren'1 College, and which Orlando.
I -I TERMS STRICTLY CASH. amble us to fit tndents for Short Hand and Type-Writing Trains 9 and 10 have through' sleeping cars -, ",
:1,:.; offica porittoni in Three Hlonths time. The lessona an to and from DeFunlak Springs.
I < '1.,,",, t solely the work of Mr.Curtis Haven can be learned at horn.
\ t .7' For rates,etc. apply to Company'sAgents
mops ,
f' br a Child,and cannot be obtained except at one of Mareu'i
tiollegea. tte Ourutian Obtcrver Baltnmart Md.. aari: ,or write to
;j 0'r., ,. : CEO. HUTCHINSON "Tbe,. area great advance beyond other ijttenu,toaking A. O. MACDONELL, ..
: the acquisition of Short-lland eomparattTelT eaiy." Addrut Gen.Pass.&Ticket A gent ,",.
.:#f' ..t- : either Haven'i College.' New York.N,Y.; IhOadelphiaChicago D.MAXWELL,Gen.8nt>t. >
W '.' -nI; Cresooit: City. ,. ". l'a.1' ,DL j Cincinnati 0.; San yrandaoo\1"- ,CaL.; JacltaonvfiJeFlA.r. .


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'IS .... -.: 'n llIDAXJIR AIJIC1L F38fl. y.; .


ne Large. **Ne:awl.t Meet t .::-,tets ,EsaMb. f ". CLYDE'S; 3 .' ,

.ti ;New York, Charleston & Florida: ,

.... .
I ..o 1i
45th TEAR. *..c..a r ,
The Great Farm. Industrial and Stock Periodical The elegant Steamers of this Line are appointed to sail for CHARLESTON, & NEW YORK '

of the South It embraces in Its constituency From JACKSONVILLE .....?.... .................................Every TAURSDAY.
the Intel I Igent,progressive and sub FrotaFERNANDINA: ..,...................,...................... ......Every 8U IJAY.'
etantlauy sueQe fuf farmers of this section; '
and an an advertising medium for the ,Mer In connection with FLORIDA RAILWAY AND NAVIGATION COMPANY.
Manufacturer Stock-Raiser and Professional .
chant. ,
From Jacksonville.
abso\ntely\ .
Man Is unequalled. Space 0

judiciously employed in its columns is alwaysremunerative CHFROKEE (New)....... .....:...................................ThursdayJuly'lat 5:30am
By recent purchase it now, _- SEMINOLE(New).............................:....................Thursday,July 14,at 11:00 a m
combines: The Dixie Farmer, Atlanta Ga.} CHEROKEE(New)...........................',". ... ........... Thursday July 21,at 4:30am
the PlantaUon, lontgomerYJ..Ala..; the Rural., SEMINOLE(New)...........,............,.............:............ Thursday,July 28,at 10-.30 a m
Sun,Nashville, Tenn.; The Southern: Farm. Geo. S Hacker & Son, From'Fernandina.
ers' Monthly, Savannah Ga. Southern
Phoenix; Every Sunday afternoon, on arrival of the Florida Railway and Navigation Go's trains.
World,Atlanta.Ga.; the Agriculturist of- HAXVFACTUBKR OF Steamship YEMA8SEE.... :..,.:.,.,........ .......:..,...................,Sunday,July 3,pm
Marietta, Ga.,and unites the patrons U DELAWARE........'........................................... Sunday,July'1ft,p m
these with its own large, list of subscribers. DOORS SASH BLINDS MOULDING YEMASSEE.,.........................................:....... Sunday,July'17,p mEl :
The press and people all testify to Southern DELAWARE. ......!....................\........ ... ...,. Sunday,July 24,pm' 0
trade.mcrtfe Subscription a medium, one controlling year in: advance, And Building Material. Y MASSEE.......0.....................?......................Sunday,July 31,p m .
postage paid,11.50. Sample copies,sent free. .Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29.E.R.,New York, every TUESDAY and FBI.
Advertisements,per line,SOc. we go to press Office% and Warerooms King op. Cannon St. DAY,at 3 p. Tuesdays'ships for FernandIna and Fridays'ships for Jacksonville.The .. t
the lath of each month preceding our date. Freight and Passenger Accommodations by this Line are unsurpassed. Every attention 4
Address Charleston, S C. will be given business entrusted to the Line. Direct all shipments from New York via.&.
P.O. Drawer 8,Atlanta,Ga. For further information apply ,: 1 ;
Farmers' Wagons and Carts.If CLARENCE WAGNER,Agent, ". J.A.LESLIE,Agent, .4 '
Southern California. FernandIna, Fla. n Jacksonville,FlA. .. ,'
you want a first-class. Wagon or Cart 88 Bay St.,cor.Hogan.
All about its wonderful inducements to Cheap for Cash,call on THEO. G. EGER, Traffic% Manager: '. WM. P. CLYDE & CO.,Gen Agents, 1;
35 Broadway N.Y. 12 South Wharves Philadelphia 35 >N..Y.*'
settlers and inreat re. R. B. ZAHM, Broadway, ..
..' Jacksonville,Fla.'Office :
H. Berlack's Store,East Bay Street. ESTABLISHED 1 7lS. : .
Farm Wagons trom..S35.00 to142.OU -'
""rt_and T)r.v from...........$25.00 to I26.O1'HUGHES'
TONIC. ; : ,

; .. ANDFERTILIZERS o'4'i L '.;,

,- SURE AND SAFE RKMEDT, FOB' ," "' i" '
: '
-:3i-i- \. ..
WILI'.iLLL: : : : .J.\iJ: .4.. ;J3C>tJI :' '
Chillsm Fever ,.
= = (Successor to J. E.,Hart,)
= 20 West Kay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

handle,none but the Best and most Reliable Seeds. My new Catalogue will be seat. 'fro oa
application. Also Wholesale Dealer In -
# Corn Oats Flour Grits Meal BranWheat
It will Cure the Most Obstinate Casei Hay, ,


qo r

R. A. ROBINSON '&.CO.. I. E. Tygert & Ce.'s A Star Brand Fertilize.':

Guaranteed, AnalysIs.

Comprising ORANGErREE. : ; and VEGETABLE

"'" '..
at this season is well earned,and'should not iui rATE OP POTASH, W SULPHATE POTASH
be disturbed. I It cannot,however be annoyIng :.
Send .
cents for sample to
BKYMEBT: \ -opv& BROOK, In a leisurely way to think and plan NITRATE SODA, JT \ KAINIT, Era

Publisher,Loa A'Tploa Cain. whatMUSIC BOOKS Prices on application.. July 27 tf :

Q BUT THE BEST from the inexhaustible supply described in .. ..". 0.. '.' : '
QAWILL S AW D1TSOX & CO's Catalogues,it will be: well :.,e-v. nLaI1.:: : ; ..eJ.,p .
to use In the next musical campaign. Any :
book mailed for retail price. 8A.1VIOIII FLORIDA.'
unclay-school teachers will soon be able to SEZ.XSFORRESTER'S J. ,
examine our new, and beautiful Sunday-;
School Song Book the Children's Diadem CHEMICAL MANURES

((35 cts),by Abbey&: Munger,,and the newly '. PREPARED FOB ', 0,
arranged and valuable New Spiritual bongs
FOR THE MONEY.Write ((35 els.),by Tenney & Hoffman., Oranges 'Tree and other Fruits and Plantation and Garden Crops,
for Illustrated Descriptive lOlDlxJ1lliA.Circular. School teachers will be pleased to look at SPECIFICALLY PREPARED FOR EACH CROP. .
RICHMOND MACHINE Singer ((60 cts. for Adult "
new ),
WORKS' our Royal "
No Compounds used in the Manufacture of these Goods'"
Singing:Classes and High Schools. Also the Vermin-Feeding :=
So.nj Greeting I ;((60 cts.), for High Schools ((a .
great favorite); and the delightful little Primary The highest grade goods are tne best and cheapest,and these goods meet the want. Many.* '
WA1SIT.A' DOC School Song ..Book, Gems fur Little years' tests find them to be all ,that is claimed for them. References can be given but it u u
DOC BUYERS'. CUI E. SIngers( ) cts.) needless where goods are*n well known.. It can be truthfully saJd that these are the standard'
J Colored plates 100 engravings, G! Music teachers "on the wing," are invitedto ,
4. {of differeut breeds prices they are alight and examine the superb stock of Instruction -
f!orth, and where to buy them. I Books and Collectlonsof Vocal and J.3 .A.ores
MaUed\ for 15 Cent Instrumental Music for teaching purposes, at, 2iT
ASSOCIATED FANCIERS, 01 the best quality of heavy O and cabbage hammock haying miles of river and
>> the stores ofOMVER bay fronts and best water protection in Florida. Especially '.
[>237&Eighth St.. Philadelphia. ,Fa.] DITSOIX fc CO., adapted to Florida fruits and vegetables. ,
449 and 451 Washington st., Boston, 4f ';: L "
C.TI DITHOK tt Co.,N>7 Broadway, N. >.' 2- i i .
J.,E. DITSON&:Co 1228 Chestnut. st., PbllLYON ., ; a o ??
A...N.DOBBINS.k BRO Poll! :; c 0 M t M.C*.,3} J>> .
&: HEALY Chicago .,
g5 i i ANTHONY & YOUNG p pm 2 str t.g
sell Rubber .. ;
To our Stamps. ,,, .... "
a :i"d c (!) :
I! PATS Free Catalogue to Agents. U' : ;'Sc.f

[ ) CHANDLER Cleveland&: FISH ER Ohio, @i ao! :;C!!:c s' =g Real Estate '& Insur. Agents, am3 89 Io J !

: @ w ot! :::1Q "d: um aoy .

PABLO BEACH. ;.o I:0 t.. q"o. m m.$" Palmetto, Manatee Co, Fla. @. |tr(|:'| 4 o,-ef iC",*.*

;v tiq8 ;0 aa 0,7". o ", ,.
Town property improved and unimprovedin <.' s;;
Jacksonville and Atlantic R'y Co. all the towns on the Manatee River. Beautiful river and '
I bay trouts. Pure salt'water. Oysters, fish and clams. Lovely building sites '
I 1 IN EFFECT SUNDAY, MAY 15, 1887. on mainland and Islands.' Yachting .unsurpassed. Correspondence, solicited.


No. 1 No. 8 .No. 5No, '; ., o ..
Gun Locksmiths and Stencil Cutters Lv Jacksonville J 6:30 a 9:30 a 2.:00 p f 6f'OJ I 'Well ,Curbing and Chimney Flues ,
Ar Pablo...__..... 7:15 a 10:20 a 3:::>>p 6:45 p .
Cheaper and Better than: Brick. "
44 W. Forsyth St.,Op.St.Johns Hotel. WESTWARD.

J JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA Lv Pablo.. .._... I 7:35 No. 21 No.l:05p. No.: 61 s, 9:00j No.. 8: FOUNDATIOJfBLOCKSOrnamental fJ ;
Ar Jacksonville 8:2D 1:0 p 5:25 9:45 Fp: .
Gunsmlthing done.1.n all its branches.IKON ,Cheap and Strong. -yNo skilled labor required
Trains 1 and 2 run daily, except Sunday, Address
.' SAFE WORE Trains 8,4, 5, 6,7 and 8 run dally.
Special & .Stencil Cutting,by.mail. ,-- ;' Superintendent. Office 62#West Bay Street, 0 Jacksonville,Fla. .